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Anglo-African Who's Who 



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Anglo-African Who's Who 


Biographical Sketch-Book 





Anglo-African Who's Who 

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It is not without certain misgivings that the first edition of the Anglo- African Who's 
Who and Biographical Sketch Book is offered to a critical pubHc. The field which 
it is intended to cover is an enormous one. It includes a continent, and embraces the 
representatives of diplomacy, administration, politics, arms, literature, finance and 
commerce. It would therefore be not a little surprising if this first edition contained 
references to all those who are justly entitled to a place in its pages, and thus met 
with the satisfied approval of those who are responsible for its production. But we 
may perhaps claim that, incomplete as it is, it contains many records of Anglo- Africans 
which are not readily obtainable in any similar work of reference, and it is only necessary 
to add that we hope to remedy its sins of omission and commission in future editions. 

R. J. BARRETT, j Editors. 


The Editors desire that any inaccuracies that may be observed in the present edition 
will be notified to them, in order that they may be rectified in future editions. 

In order that the Second Edition, which is now being proceeded with, may be 
more complete, the Editors would welcome any authoritative information of a bio- 
graphical nature, forms for supplying which may be obtained on application to the 

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register, is pubHshed at 21s. net, and is obtainable only from the proprietors. 

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Anglo -African Who's Who 


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Catalogue free by post. 


Abbreviations . . • • 

Addenda . . • • • 

Advertisements {see Classified 

Index to Advertisements) . 



,, Addenda 

,, Obituaries 

British South Africa Co. (see 

Cape of Good Hope . . . 
Agent-General in London . 
Agriculture, Department of 
Attornev-General's Dept. . 
Cabinet Ministers . . . 
Civil Establishments 
Colonial Secretary's Dept . 
Convict Stations . • 

Customs Officials . . 

Defence Department 
Education Department 
Executive Council 
Forestry Department 


Health Branch 

High Commissioners for 


Hospitals and Asylums 
Legislative Assembly 

,, Council 

Magistrates .... 
Native Affairs Department 


Post Office Establishment 
Prime Minister's Office 
Public Worl£S Department 


Supreme Court 
Surveyor-General's Office 
Treasurer's Department . 
Veterinary Branch 
Colonial Office Officials 
East Africa Protectorate 
Editorial Notice . . 
Egyptian Army . . ■ 
,, Local Ranks. 
High Commissioner for South 


Imperial British East Africa 


Intercolonial Council, Mem 


208, 214 




Cape Colony, Defence Dept. . -i44 
Cape Colony, Imperial Forces 

in i4Z, ^44 

Cape Colony, Volunteers . 245 

Cape Mounted Riflemen . ^4& 

Eavptian Army . • • . • -^^ 

, Local Ranks in 254 

Gambia 245,249 

Gold Coast Colony ■ ■ ■ itl 
Gold Coast Regiment • • ■ ^1° 
King's African Riiles . . ^ .^ 25^ 

nXi .".■.■. '229- 242', 244 
Orange River Colony . ^4Z, Z4d 
Northern Nigeria Regiment . ^4b 

St. Helena <,;« oIq 

Sierra Leone .... 246,249 
Somaliland Field Force . . ^oz. 
South Africa, Imperial Forces 

: , . 242 

Southern Nigeria • • • • 246 

Southern Nigeria Regiment . 24» 

Sudan Administration . • 254 
Transvaal .... 242, 243 

West African Forces . . ^4& 

West African Frontier Force . 24b 

Natal and Zululand : — ^ 

Administrators . • • . • Hi 

Agriculture, Department ol . ^^» 

Attornev-General's Office . 227 

Civil Commissioner's Dept. . 2^6 

Civil Establishments . . ^o 

Colonial Secretary's Office . 225 

Education Department . . -^8 

Governors . . • • • --"^ 

Immigration Department . ^^5 

Justice, Ministry of • • : 2-7 

Land and M^orks Department 229 

Legislative Assembly . . -"4 

Legislative Council . . . 2-Z4 

Magistrates ^^^ 

Medical Departments . . 2Zb 

Miives Department • • ' 990 

Ministries ^^^ 

Ministry of Justice ■ : ■ "H 

Native Affairs Department . ^^» 

Postal and Telegraph Depts. . 225 

Railways 229 

Treasury -^» 

Volunteer Forces . . • f ^° 

Obituaries i^^ 


Orange River Colony :— 

Executive Council . . • ^^^ 

Governor 235 

Intercolonial Council . . ^^» 

Legislative Council . . • 23& 

Preface ^''" 

Rhodesia : — „ 

Administrators .... ^^» 
Administrator's Division . . ^3/ 
Agriculture, Department of . ^4U 
Attorney-General's Division . 239 
Charter, Story of the . • ^^' 

Chief Secretary's Division . j<i' 

Defence tTi 

Directors, B.S.A. Co. • • • ?^^ 

Education ^^° 

Executive Council • ' ' 907 
Health Department ■ ■ ■ iiL 
Legisative Council, . . • ^^' 
London Officals, B.S.A. Co. . -3b 

MatabeleWar ~^ 

Matabele Rebellion • • • 5,0 
Native Department . . • • ^-^^ 
North-Eastern Rhodesia, om- 

cjals ''*" 

North-Western Rhodesia, Offi- ^^^ 

cift's 2in 

Police . . . • • • -905, 
Public Works Department . |3^ 

Railways in 90^ 

Treasurer's Division . . • ^^» 

Victoria Falls . . • ^6*. 28- 

Special Articles ■ • • • ili 

Sudan Administration . • ■^=»* 

TR.1NSVAAL Colony : — ^ 

Administrators . . • • ~„^ 

Executive Council • ■ ' 9^7 

Gold Mining Groups • • • f,^ 

Intercolonial Council . . . ^^^ 

Johannesburg Municipality . |^| 

Legislative Council . • • ^^^ 

Militarv Forces in . • •''*''• 9?^ 

Transvaal Chamber of Mines . -J^ 

UGANDA « protectorate COM- 

West African dredging . . ^^° 


British Agency Officials . . |^^ 
Government Officials . • 

Judicial Establishment • . -^ 

Zululand (see Natal). d 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


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A.A.G. Assistant Adjutant-General. 

A. B.C. African Banking Corporation. 

Acct. Account (ant). 

Acct.-Gen. Accountant-General. 

A.D.C. Aide-de-Camp. 

Ad. eund. grad. Admitted to tlie same degree. 

Adjt. Adjutant. 

Adjt.-Gen. Adjutant-General. 

A.M.I.C.E. Associate Member of the Institute 

of Civil Engineers. 
A.M.S. Army Medical Staff. 
Apr. April. 

A.R.A. Associate of the Royal Academy. 
A.R.I.B.A. Associate of the Royal Institute 

of British Architects. 
A.R.M. Assistant Resident Magistrate. 
A.S.C. Army Service Corps. 
Assist., Asst. Assistant. 
Assoc. Associate ; Association. 
Aug. August. 

B.A. Bachelor of Arts. 
Bart. Baronet. 
Batt. Battalion. 

B.B.P. Bechuanaland Border Police. 
B.C.L. Bachelor of Civil Law. 
B.D. Bachelor of Divinity. 
Beds. Bedfordshire. 
B.F.F. Belingwe Field Force. 
Br., Brev. Brevet. 
Brig. Brigade ; Brigadier. 
Brig.-Gen. Brigadier-General. 
Bro. Brother. 
Bros. Brothers. 
B.S. Bachelor of Surgery. 
B.S.A. British South Africa(n). 
B.S. A. Co. British South Africa (Chartered) 

Camb. Cambridge. 
Capt. Captain. 

C.B. Companion of the Bath. 
C.C. Cape Colony ; Cape Colonial ; Civil Com- 

C.C.F. Cape Colonial Forces. 

C.D.F. Colonial Defence Force. 

C.E. Civil Engineer; Church of England. 

C.G.R. Cape Goverrunent Railways. 

Chm. Chairman. 

C.I.C. Conunander-in-Chief. 

CLE. Companion of the Indian Empire. 

C.I.V. City of London Imperial Volunteers. 

CM. Church Missionary. 

C.M.G. Companion of St. Michael and St, 

C.M.R. Cape Mounted Rifles. 
C.M.S. Church Missionary Society. 
Co. County ; Company. 
C of E. Church of England. 
Col. Colonel ; Colony ; Colonial. 
Coll. College. 
Comdt. Commandant. 
Comn. Comniission(er). 
Cos. Companies. 
Coy. Company. 
Cr. Created. 

CS.I. Companion of the Star of India. 
C.S.O. Chief Staff Officer. 
CT. Cape Town. 
CV.O. Commander of the Royal Victorian 


D. Died. 

D.A.A.G. Deputy-Assistant Adjutant-General. 

D.A.G. Deputy Adjutant-General. 

D.A.Q.M.G. Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster- 

Dau. Daughter. 

D.C.L. Doctor of Civil Law. 

D.C.O. Duke of Cambridge's Own. 

Dec. December. 

D.D. Doctor of Divinity. 

D.D.G.M. Deputy District Grand Master. 

Dec. December. 

D.E.O.V.R. Duke of Edinbm-gh's Own Volun- 
teer Rifles. 

Dept. Department (al). 

D.F.H. Diamond Fields Horse. 


Axglo-African Who's Who 



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Abbreviations (continued) 

D.G. Dragoon Guards. 

Dist. District. 

D.L. Deputy-Lieutenant. 

D.M. Diamond Mine(s). 

D.M.T. District Mounted Troops. 

D.P.H. Diploma of Public Health. 

Dr. Debit. 

D.R. Dutch Reformed. 

D.Sc. Doctor of Science. 

D.S.O. Distinguished Service Order. 

E. East(ern). 
E.G. East Central. 
Ed. Editor; edited. 
Edin. Edinburgh. 
Eng. England. 

F.A.S. Fellow of the Society of Arts. 

F.C. Football Club. 

Feb. February. 

Fel. Fellow. 

F.G.S. Fellow of the Geological Society. 

F.I.Inst. Fellow of the Imperial Institute. 

F.L.H. Frontier Light Horse. 

F.L.S. Fellow of the Linnaean Society. 

F.R.A.S. Fellow of the Royal Astronomical 

F.R.C.I. Fellow of the Royal Colonial In- 

F.R.C.P. Fellow of the Royal College of Phy- 

F.R.C.P.E. Fellow of the Royal College of 
Physicians, Edinburgh. 

F.R.C.Sl Fellow of the Royal College of Sur- 

F.R.C.S.E. Fellow of the Royal College of 
Surgeons. Edinburgh. 

F.R.G.S. Fellow of the Royal Geographical 

F.R.Hist.S. Fellow of the Royal Historical 


F.R.Met.S." Fellow of the Royal Meteorological 

F.R.M.S. Fellow of the Royal Microscopical 

F.R.S. Fellow of the Royal Society. 

F.R.S.E. Fellow of the Royal Society of Edin- 

F.S.A. Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. 

F.R.S.S. Fellow of the Royal Statistical 

F.Z.S. Fellow of the Zoological Society. 

G.C.B. Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. 

Fellow of the Royal Horticultural 

G.C.M.G. Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael 

and St. George. 
G.C.I.E. Knight Grand Commander of the 

Indian Empire. 
G.G. Grenadier Guards. 
G.C.S.I. Knight Grand Commander of the Star 

of India. 
Gen. General. 

Gen. Man. General Manager. 
Glos. Gloucester (shire). 
G.M. Gold Mine; Gold Mining; Grand Master 

Govt. Goyernment. 
G.P.O. General Post Office. 
Gram. Grammar(ian). 
Gren. Grenadier. 

H.B.M. His (Her) Britannic Majesty('s). 

H.E. His Excellency. 

H.E.I.C.S. Honourable East India Company's 

Herts. Hertfordshire. 
Hon. Honourable, Honorary. 
H.M. His (Her) Majesty. 
H.M.S. His (Her) Majesty's Ship. 
H.R.H. His (Her) Royaf Highness. 
H.S.H. His (Her) Serene Highness. 

I.Br. Im. Breisgau. 

I.C.S. Indian Civil Service. 

I.D.B. Illicit Diamond Buying. 

I.G.B. Illicit Gold Buying. 

I.L.H. Imperial Light Horse. 

III. Illinois. 

Imp. Imperial. 

Imp. Yeo. Imperial Yeomanry. 

I.M.R. Imperial Militarj^ Railways. 

Ind. Med. Indian Medical. 

Inf. Infantry. 

Invest. Investment. 

Intell. Intelligence. 

I.S.C. Indian Staff Corps. 

I.S.O. Imperial Service Order. 

I.W. Isle of Wight. 

I.Y. Imperial Yeomanry. 

Jan. January. 

J.M. R. Johannesburg Mounted Rifles. 

J.P. Justice of the Peace. 

K.A.R. King's African Rifles. 

K.C. King's Counsel. 

K.C.B. Ivnight Commander of the Bath. 

K.C.M.G. Knight Commander of St. Michael 

and St. George. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

K. C.S.I. Knight Commander of the Star of 

K.F.S. Kitchener's Fighting Scouts. 
K.G. Knight of the Garter. 
Knt. Knight. 
K.R. Kaffrarian Rifles. 
K.R.R. King's Royal Rifles. 
K. W. T. King WiUiam' s Town. 

L.C.C. London County Council. 

Ld. Lord ; Limited. 

L.L Light Infantry. 

Lieut. Lieutenant. 

Lieut.-Col. Lieutenant-Colonel. 

Lieut.-Gen. Lieutenant-General. 

Lit. Literary. 

LL.B. Bachelor of Laws. 

LL.D. Doctor of Laws. 

LL.M. Master of Laws. 

L.M.S. London Missionary Society. 

Lond. London. 

L.R.C.P. Licentiate of the Royal College of 

Ltd. Limited. 

M.A. Master of Arts. 

Maritzburg. Pietermaritzburg. 

Maj. Major. 

Maj.-Gen. Major-General. 

M.B. Bachelor of Medicine. 

M.C.C. Marylebone Cricket Club. 

Mch. March. 

M.D. Doctor of Medicine. 

M.E. Mining Engineer. 

Med. Medical ; Medicine. 

Mem. Member. 

M.L Mounted Infantry. 

M.I.E.E. Member of the Institution of Elec- 
trical Engineers. 

M.LM.E. Member of Institution of Mechanical 

M.Inst.C.E. Member of Institution of Civil 

M.L. A. Member of Legislativ^e Assembly. 

M.L.C. Member of Legislative Council. 

M.M.P. Mashonaland Mounted Police. 

M.0.0. Money Order Office. 

M.P. Member of Parliament. 

M.R. Main Reef. 

M.R.A.S. Member of Roj'al Asiatic Society. 

M.R.C.I. Member of the" Royal Colonial in- 

M.R.C.P. Member of the Royal College of 

M.R.C.P.E. Member of the Royal College of 
Physicians. Edinburgh. 

M.R.C.S. Member of the Royal College of Sur- 

M.R.C.S.E. Member of the Royal College of 
Sm-geons, Edinburgh. 

Mus. Bac. Bachelor of Music. 

M.V.O. Member of the Royal Victorian Order. 

N. North. 

Nat. National ; Native. 

N.B. North Britain; Nota bene (note well). 

N.C. Natal Carabineers. 

N.C.O. Non-Commissioned officer. 

N.E. North-east. 

N.M.P. Natal Mounted Police. 

No. Number. 

Northants. Northamptonshire. 

Nov. November. 

N.S.W. New South Wales. 

N.W.P. North-West Province. 

N.Z. New Zealand. .'i 

Oct. October. 

O.F.S. Orange Free State. 

O.H.M.S. On His (Her) Majesty's Service. 

O.M. On Maine, Order of Merit. 

O.R.C. Orange River Colony. 

Oxon. Oxford, Oxfordshire. ' 

P.A.G. Prince Alfred' s Guards. 

P. and 0. Peninsular and Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
P.C. Privy Comicillor. 
P.E. Port'Ehzabeth. 
P.H. Paget' s Horse. 
Ph. D. Doctor of Philosophy. 
P.G.D. Past Grand Director (Masonic). 
P.G.M. Past Grand Master (Masonic). 
P.M.B. Pietermaritzburg. 
P.M.G. Postmaster-General. 
P.M.O. Principal Medical Officer. 
P.O. Post Office. 
Priv. Private. 
Prof. Professor. 

P.R.S. President of the Royal Society. 
P.S.C. Passed Staff College. 
Pub. Public. 
P. W. Public Works. 

Q.C. Queen's Counsel. 

Q.M. Quartermaster. 

Q.M.G. Quartermaster-General. 

Q.M.L Queenstown Moimted Infantry. 

q.V. Quod vide, which see. 

R. Royal. 

R.A. Royal Academician; Royal Artillery. 


Abbreviations {continued) 

Raad. Volksraad. 

R.A.M.C. Royal Army Medical Corps. 

R.E. Royal Engineers. 

Regt. Regiment (al). 

Rev. Reverend. 

R.F.A. Royal Field Artillery. 

R.G.A. Royal Garrison Artillery. 

R.H. Roberts' Horse. 

R.H.A. Royal Horse Artillery. 

R.H.V. Rhodesia Horse Volunteers. 

R.M. Royal Marine (s); Resident Magistrate. 

R.M.A. Royal Marine Artillery. 

R.M.L.I. Royal Marine Light Infantry. 

R.M.S. Royal Mail Steamer. 

R.N. Royal Navy; Royal Naval. 

R.N.R. Royal Naval Reserve. 

R.R. Rand Rifles. 

R.S.O. Railwav Sub-Office. 

Rt. Right. 

R.V. Rifle Volunteers. 

S. South. 

s. Son. 

S.A. South Africa(n). 

S.A.C. South African Constabulary. 

S.A. Coll. South African College. 

S.A.L.H. South African Light Horse. 

S.A.M.I.F. South African Mounted Infantry 

S.A.R. South African Republic; South African 

S.D. Senior Deacon (Masonic). 
Sc.D.Camb. Doctor of Science, Cambridge. 
Sch. School ; Scholar. 
S.E. South-east ; Stock Exchange. 
Sec. Second ; Secretary ; seconded. 
Sept. September. 
Secy. Secretary. 

S.F.F. Somaliland Field Force. 

S.H. Scottish Horse. 

S.L.F.F. Sierra Leone Field Force. 

S.M.O. Senior Medical Officer. 

Soc. Society. 

Squad. Squadron. 

St. Street ; Saint. 

S.V.O. Senior Veterinary Officer. 

Supt. Superintendent. 

Surg. Surgeon. 

Surg.-Capt. Surgeon-Captain. 

Trans. Transvaal ; translate. 

Univ. University. 

U.K. United Kingdom. 

U.S. United States. 

U.S.A. United States of America. 

V. Against. 

V. van. 

V.C. Victoria Cross. 

V.D. Veterinary Department; Volunteer Offi' 

cers' Decoration, 
v.d. van der 
Yen. Venerable. 
Vice-Pres. Vice-President. 
Vol(s). Volume(s). 

W. West. 

W.A. West Africa(n). 

W.A.F.F. West African Field Force. 

W.C. West Central. 

Wilts. Wiltshire. 

W.M.R. Winterberg Mounted Rifles. 

Yorks. Yorkshire. 



ABBIT, William, B.A., F.R.C.I., of College 
Road Pietermaritzbiirg ; son of the late W. 
Abbit ; was born Dec. 25, 1872 ; was educated 
at Beaumaris Gram. Sch., where he won a 
leaving exhibition, and also an exhibition granted 
by the Clothworkers Company. He entered 
Downing Coll., Camb., graduating with honours 
in mathematics in 1892, when he proceeded to 
S.A. ; fovmded a literary society on Berea, 
Durban ; founded Sandow Club, Durban ; 
became Assist. Master, Govt. Coll., Maritzburg, 

ABERCORN (James Hamilton), Duke of, 
P.C, K.G., C.B., of 60 and 61, Green Street, W. ; 
Baronscourt, Newtown Stewart, Ireland ; Dud- 
dingston House, Edinburgh ; and of the Carlton, 
Travellers', Turf, and Marlborough Clubs ; was 
born in 1838. He succeeded the first duke in 1885, 
and adds to his other titles : Baron of Paisley, 
Baron Abercorn, Baron Hamilton, the Earl of 
Abercom, Baron of Strabane, Viscount of 
Strabane, Baron Hamilton, Marquess of Aber- 
corn, and Marquess of Hamilton He is also 
Kjit. of the Danneburg Order, of St. Anne of 
Russia, and of the Iron Crown of Austria. Ho 
was educated at Harrow and Clirist Church, 
Oxford, where he graduated M.A. He was 
Hon. Col. of Donegal Mihtia from 1860-91 ; 
represented Donegal as Conservative M.P. from 
1 860-80 ; was Lord of the Bedchamber to the 
Prince of Wales from 1866-86 ; and is President 
of Ulster Assoc. 

For many years, which date from the inception 
of the Company, the Duke of Abercorn has taken 
a strong personal and political interest in the 
Chartered Company, of which he is President, 
lending the full weight of his influence and a 
great deal of his time to the development of 
Rhodesia. He has travelled through the country 
and is in no sense merely a figurehead, his 
counsel and advice always carrying great weight 
with the directors and shareholders. He married 
in 1889 Lady Mary Anna Curzon, dau. of the first 
Earl Howe. 

ABRAHAMSON, Louis, went to S.A. from 
Melbourne as a youth and was engaged in 
business in Cape Colony for several years. 
Going up to the Rand in the early days, he was 
amongst the first to take an interest in floating 
the deep levels, includuig the May Deep, S. Prim- 
rose, Wemmer, Worcester, and Robinson Deep. 
Returning to the Cape he settled down to farm- 
ing in the Somerset East Dist., and in 1894 was 
nominated by the Bond to contest Somerset 
East, for which constituency he was returned at 
the top of the poll. He married in 1892 the 
eldest dau. of Hougham Hudson, late C.C. of 

ADAMS, Major Sir Hamilton John Goold- 
(See Goold- Adams. ) 

ADENDORFF, A. R., M.L.A., was elected 
as Bond representative of Fort Beaufort in 
the Cape House of Assembly at the general 
election in 1904. 

ALDERSON, Brig.-Gen. Edwin Alfred 
Hervey, C.B. (cr. 1900), of the Marlborough 
and Naval and Military Clubs, son of Col. Ed- 
ward Mott Alderson, of Poyle House, Ipswich ; 
was bom in 1859 ; was educated at Ipswich 
Gram. Sch. ; entered 97th Regt. 1878, became 
Capt. Roy. W. Kent Regt. 1886, Major 1896, 
Brevet Lieut.-Col. 1897, and Brevet Col. 1901. 
He served in Transvaal Campaign with Moimted 
Inf. in 1881, during Egyptian Campaign of 
1882, with Mounted Inf., being present at 
actions of Mahuta and Masameh, battles of 
Kasassin and Tel-el-Kebir, and the occupa- 
tion of Cairo (medal with clasp, bronze star), 
in Soudan Campaign 1884-5 with Moimted 
Inf. Camel Regt., when he was present at the 
battles of Abu Klea, El Gubat, and Metenineh 
(two clasps). He did good work in Mashona- 
land, 1896, with Moimted Inf. and in command 
of troops (despatches, medal. Brevet Lieut.- 
Col.), and in S. Africa 1899-1901 in command 
of 4 different Mounted Inf. Brigs., being present 

Anglo- African Who's Who 

at relief of Kimberley, battles of Paardeber , 
and Driefontein, and the occupation of Bloeni- 
fontein and Pretoria, (several times mentioned 
in despatches, C.B., A.D.C. to the King, Brevet 
Col.) ; was D.A.A.G. and Comdg. Mounted 
Inf., Aldershot 1897-9 ; appointed to command 
Mounted Inf. in S. Africa 1900, Inspector-Gen. 
thereof, with rank of Brig. -Gen. ; appointed 
Brig. -Gen. -on-Staff Comdg. 2nd Brig. (1st 
Div.) 1st Army Corps, 1903 ; has been an 
Extra A.D.C. to H.M. Queen Victoria and 
H.M. King Edward VII. since 1900 ; received 
Royal Humane Society's medal 1885 ; author 
of " With the Mounted Infantry and the 
Mashonaland Field Force, 1896 " ; also of " Pink 
£ind Scarlet, or Hunting as a School for Soldier- 
ing." Ho married in 1886, Alice Mary, 2nd 
dau. of Rev. O. P. Sergeant. 

ALEXANDER, Lieut. Boyd, F.Z.S., was 
born Jan. 16, 1873 ; joined the Rifle Brigade 
in 1900, and served in the Gold Coast Constab- 
ulary and with the West African Frontier Force 
in the reUef of Kumasi ; made an ornithological 
survey on the Gold Coast, and in Sept., 1902, 
proceeded to the Benin Islands to investigate 
their avifauna. Early in 1894, Lieut.- Boyd 
Alexander left England in charge of an expedi- 
tion to conduct a survey of part of the eastern 
portions of the Northern Nigerian Protectorate, 
and also to make zoological collections. 

ALEXANDER, Lieut. G., Scots Guards, 
is a brother of Lieut. Boyd Alexander (q.v.), 
whom he is accompanying on a survey expedi- 
tion to N.E. Nigeria. The pajty will also 
make zoological collections, and wiU proceed 
direct up the Niger to Lokoja, thence along 
the Benue, and ultimately to Lake Chad, which 
will probably be reached about the end of 1904. 

ALLDRIDGE, T. J., J.P., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Godakning, Surrey ; Goverrmaent 
House, Bonthe, Sherbro, W.C. Africa, and the 
Royal Societies Club, was born in 1847 ; is 
2nd son of the late R. W. Alldridge, of Old 
Charlton, Kent, and was educated at the 
Blackheath Proprietary School. He was 
Travelling Commissioner for Sierra Leone 
1889-93, doing pioneer work to the remote 
hinterland, especially in the Upper Mendi 
country, placing many of the paramount chiefs 
in treaty with the British Govt. He made 
peace between the Yonnis and Timinis at 
Robari in 1890, and was on other peace missions. 
He served through the native rebellion in 1898 

(medal and clasp), and was awarded the Cuthbert 
Peek grant in 1900 in recognition of his geograplii- 
cal work in the interior of Sierra Leone. He 
is J. P. for the Colony ; Commissioner of the 
Court of Requests ; Coroner for Sherbro 
District ; Hon. Corresponding Secy, of the 
Royal Colonial Institute, and the author of 
" The Sherbro and its Hinterland." 

ALLEN, Rev. Henbt William Chaeles, 
of Utrecht, Natal ; was ordained in the Zululand 
diocese ; was Priest-in-charge of St. Andrew's 
Mission, Lower Tugela ; Priest-in-charge of 
Annesdale (Zululand) for three years, and was 
then preferred to the living of Utrecht. 

AMESHOF, Judge ; was formerly Judge of 
the High Court of the S.A.R. He was 
one of the Commission of three appointed by 
the Government of the S.A.R. to confer 
with a deputation of the Reformers with a view 
to an amicable settlement of differences being 
arrived at. In giving evidence subsequently 
at the preliminary examination of the Reformers 
he refused to say anything which might be to 
the advantage of the prisoners, on the grovmd 
that the meeting was privileged. His objection 
was sustained by the Court, who ruled that the 
interview was privileged as far as the 
Government was concerned, but not in so far 
as it could benefit the Reformers. 

Jud^e Ameshof, in common with the Chief 
Justice and Mr. Gregorowski, made a stand 
against the provisions of Law I. of 1897 (vide 
particulars under Gregorowski), in consequence 
of which he was summarily dismissed. 

AMPHLETT, George Thomas, F.R.C.I., of 
Uhlenhorst, Rondebosch, Cape Colony, and the 
Imperial Colonies Club ; was born in London 
Jan. 1, 1852 ; was educated at the Philological 
School, Marylebone, and King's Coll., London. 
He was one of the only two who passed the first 
exam, of the English Bankers' Inst., and is Secy. 
in Cape Town of the Standard Bank of S.A. He 
won the sculling championship of Hamburg in 
1874, and is Vice-Pres. of the Mountain Club of 
S.A. In Feby. 1902, he rescued three N.C.O.'s 
from a perilous position on Devil's Peak, Cape 
Town, after 55 hours' detention on a narrow 
ledge, receixdng the thanks of the Chief Army 
Paymaster and Staff with a presentation. 
During the late S.A. War he was Capt. in the 
Town Guard, Cape Town. He is an Assoc, of 
the Inst, of Bankers ; mem. of the Philoso- 
phical Society (C.T.); mem. of the S.A. Assoc. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

for the Advancement of Science, and is Past 
Grand Warden of the Provincial Grand Lodge 
of S.A. 

ANDERSON, Thomas Johnson, M.L.A., 
represents Cape Town in the Progressive interest 
in the House of Assembly ; he was last elected 
at the general election in 1904. 

ARCHER, Hon. Francis BissET, M.L.C., 
J.P., of Bathurst, the Gambia; of 71, Bishop's 
Mansions, Bishop's Park Rd., S.W. ; and of 
the Grosvenor Club ; eldest son of Capt. F. G. 
Archer, late of the Commissariat Dept. by a niece 
of Sir Henry Fox Dristowe, late Vice Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster, and grandson of 
Commissary-Gen. Archer ; was born in Biitish 
Honduras Aug. 1, 1868. In Feb., 1894, joined 
the Colonial Service, as Principal Clerk, Col. 
Secy's office. Gold Coast ; promoted Chief 
Clerk 1896, and acted as Asst. Col. Secy., Clerk 
of Execvitive and Legislative Councils. He held 
a Commission in the Gold Coast Volunteers, 
acting as Adjt. for some time. He holds a 
Field Officer's certificate. In 1897 he was 
transferred to Lagos as Asst. Col. Secy. ; 1st 
Asst. in 1899, and had charge of the Dept. during 
the various periods when Sir Geo. Denton (q.v.) 
administered the Govt, between 1899 and 1902 ; 
he acted as Col. Treasurer, as Member of tlie 
Legislative and Executive Councils, and was 
appointed Receiver-Gen. of the Gambia, Jbji., 

1903. He acted as Col. Secy. Feb.-Aug, 1903, 
is J. P. for the Colony. He married, Mch. 15, 

1904, Daisy, youngest dau. of the late Dr. J. 
G. Thompson, D.D., M.A. 

ASCHAM, Roger, Organist to the Munici- 
pality of Port Elizabeth, of Harrowdale, Have- 
lock St., Port Elizabeth, and of the Deutsche 
Liedertafel Club ; was born at Bonner Rd., 
Victoria Park, Aug. 28, 1864, and was educated 
at the Royal Normal College of Music for the 
Blind, Upper Norwood. Mr. Ascham comes 
of musical parents, and received his first tuition 
in music when six years old at the hands of his 
mother. A few years later he joined the choir 
of St. Clement's, Bournemouth, studying under 
the church organist. Dr. Linter. On the 
departure of Dr. Linter, he succeeded him as 
organist at the age of thirteen years, and held 
the post for two years. As the services of St. 
Clement's were " high " and the music some- 
what elaborate, the youthful organist might 
have justly been regarded as an infant prodigy. 
After leaving Bournemouth the young musician 

went to the Royal Normal College in Upper 
Norwood as music reader, where he remained 
3J years, teaching the piano during his last 
year. At this time he was studying under 
Fritz Hartvigson and Dr. Hopkins, choral 
singing under W. H. Cummings, and harmony 
under H. C. Banister. After leaving the 
College Mr. Ascham became Organist and 
Choirmaster of All Saints' Church, Wellington, 
Northamptonshire, and during this period 
frequently gave recitals at Northampton, 
Kettering and Oimdle. In 1890 he went 
to S.A. having accepted the post of 
Music Master to the Girls' Collegiate 
School at Port Elizabeth, which position he 
holds at the present day, together with the 
Organship of Trinity, the principal church at 
the Bay. Mr. Ascham holds the appointment 
of Town Organist at Port Elizabeth and is 
doing splendid work in giving Sunday evening 
Organ Recitals at the Feather Market. He 
has written a large number of compositions, 
of which over seventeen are pubhshed. They 
include works for the piano, violin, organ and 
violoncello, and German and English songs. 
One of his most popular compositions for the 
organ is entitled "Slumber and Rest;" of his 
songs two favourites are "Annable Lee" and 
" Ich Liebe Dich." He married first, July 20, 
1885, Margaret Jane Reece, a former student of 
the Royal Normal College, who was blind (died 
1897), and secondly Miss Alice Thompson, 
formerly of Welhngboro'. 

ASHBURNHAM, John Anchitel, of Bloem- 
fontein, O.R.C., was born Feb. 6, 1865. He is 
son of John Woodgate Ashburnham, belonging 
to an old Sussex family, whose ancestor, Bertram 
Ashburnham, was Constable of Dover Castle 
at the time of the conquest, and was beheaded 
by the Conqueror immediately after his acces- 
sion. Mr. J. A. Ashburnham was educated 
at Lancing Coll., and Exeter Coll., Oxford. 
In 1888 he was appointed Secy, to the British 
Bechuanaland Adininistration. He was Asst. 
Commissioner, Bechuanaland Protectorate, 
1895-1901, Actg. Resident Commissioner 1901, 
and became Resident Magistrate at Bloemf ontein 
in the same year. This position he still holds. 
He accompanied the High Commissioner to 
the conferences between H. E. and the Pres. 
of the late S.A.R. at Brignant's Pont in March, 
1890, and at Colesburg in April, 1893, and was 
Chairman of the Land Laws Enquiry Commission, 
O.R.C., Oct., 1901. He married, June 20, 
1894, Jean, dau . of the late Rev. R. Price. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

ATHERSTONE, Guybon Damant, M.Inst. 
C.E., M.R.C.I., of Grahamstown (Cape Colony), 
and of the Port Elizabeth, Bloemfontein, and 
Albany (Grahamstown) Clubs ; was born at 
Grahamstown June 20, 1843 ; is son of the late 
Hon. W. G. Atherstone, M.D., M.L.C., and 
was educated at St. Andrew's Coll., Grahams- 
town, and King's Coll., London, of which he is 
an Associate. Mr. Atherstone was employed 
as engineer to the Cape Govt. Railways from 
July, 1873, to Dec. 31, 1896, when his services 
were transferred to the Railway Dept. of the 
O.F.S., of which he was Chief Engineer until 
March, 1900, when this office was abolished 
and he was pensioned. However, he is now 
re-employed by the Cape Govt, as engineer 
in charge of the Alexandria Surveys. 

ATHERSTONE, W. J., of Rhodesia, was 
selected at the latter end of 1903 for the office 
of Surveyer-Gen. of S. Rhodesia in succession 
to Mr. J. M. Orpen (q.v.). 

ATKINSON, Lewis, of the African and 
Imperial Service Clubs, was born Sept. 20, 1855, 
in London. He was educated privately, and 
entered into business with a firm of diamond 
and precious stone cutters. In 1881 the free- 
dom of the City of London was conferred upon 
him, and later he received the Livery of the 
Worshipful Company of Turners. In 1886 he 
managed the Diamond Washing, Cutting, and 
Polishing Works in the Cape Court of the Colonial 
and Indian Exhibition, and in 1889 was 
manager of the Diamond Cutting Works at the 
Glasgow Exhibition. He took charge of the 
De Beers and Cape Govt, exhibits at the Paris 
Exhibition in 1900, and was afterwards manager 
of the International Exhibition at Kimberley. 
In 1902 he was appointed Emigration Officer 
to the Cape Govt, in London. 

AVEBURY, The Rt. Hon. Baron, Baet., 
P.C, F.R.S., D.C.L., LL.D., Camb., Edin. and 
Dubl., and M.D.,Wurzburg, of High Elms, Down, 
Kent ; King Gate Castle, Kingsgate, Tlaanet ; 6, 
St. James' Sq. ; and of the Athenfeum, National 
Liberal, and City Liberal Clubs ; born April 
30, 1834, at 29, Eaton Place, educ. at Eton, 
represented the constituency of Maidstone 
1870-80, and the Univ. of London in the 
Unionist interest 1880-1900. He is the 
head of the great baiiking house of Robarts, 
Lubbock & Co., and was the second Pres. of 
the African Society. Lord Avebury is known 
in the literary world as the author of " The 

Scenery of England," " The Scenery of Switzer- 
land," " The Use of Life," " The Beauties of 
Nature," " Tlie Pleasures of Life," (Parts I 
and II), " British Wild Flowers Considered in 
Relation to Insects," " Flowers, Fruit and 
Leaves," " The Origin and Metamorphoses of 
Insects," " On Seedlings," " Ants, Bees and 
Wasps," " On the Senses, Instincts, and In- 
telUgence of Animals," " Chapters in Popular 
Natural History," " Monograph on the Col- 
lembola and Thysanura," " Prehistoric Times," 
" The Origin of CiviUzation and the Primitive 
Condition of Man," " On Representation," 
" On Buds and Stipules," " La Vie des Plantes," 
" Coins and Currency," " Scientific Lectures," 
and " Fifty Years of Science," being the 
Address delivered to the British Association 
in 1881. Many of these works are translated 
into foreign languages, including Russian, 
Polish, Bohemian, Estonian, Greek, Arabic, 
Hindustani, Gujerati, Mahrattee and Japanese, 
but more popularly he will be remembered 
when he was simph'' Sir John Lubbock (the 
4th Bart.), as having selected the "hundred 
best books " published by Messrs. Harms- 
worth. He is also the author of over 100 
Memoirs published by the Royal and other 
scientific societies. Tlie German Order " Pour 
le Merite " was conferred vipon him in 1902. 
Lord Avebury has been twice married : first, 
in 1856 to Miss Hordern, dau. of the 
Rev. P. Hordern; and second, in 1881, to Miss 
Fox-Pitt-Rivers, dau. of Gen. Fox -Pitt-Rivers. 

BADENHORST, F., M.L.A., sits in the Cape 
House of Assembly as member for Swellendam. 
He belongs to the S.A. Party, and was last 
elected in Feb., 1904. 

BADENHORST, J. F., M.L.A., represents 
the constituency of Riversdale in the Cape 
House of Assembly, and is a supporter of the 
Bond. He was returned unopposed at the 
General Election in 1904. 

BAILEY, Abe, M.L.A., J.P. (Sussex), D.L. 
(City of London), Capt. Sussex Imp. Yeomanry, 
of Yewhurst, East Grinstead ; Clewer House, 
Johannesburg ; and of the Raleigh, WelUngton, 
Rand, Kimberley and Civil Service (C.T.) 
Clubs ; was born in Cape Colony in 1865. He 
is only son of T. Bailey (q.v.), was educated 
in England, and proceeded first to Barberton 
and then to Johannesburg in the early days, 
aad soon acquired large mining interests. He 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

was an active member of the Reform Com- 
mittee ; was tried for high treason against the 
Govt, of the late S.A.R. ; was imprisoned, and 
only released on payment of the generally 
imposed fine of £2,000. 

At the commencement of the S.A. War he 
served as Intelligence Officer with Lord Roberts, 
and took a prominent part in the formation 
and organization of Roberts' Horse and the 
S.A. Light Horse, largely contributing to 
the expense of their equipment, and after- 
wards proceeded to the front with the rank of 
Major as second in command with Gorringe's 
Flying Column, which he was also partly instru- 
mental in raising. After the war (in Oct., 1902), 
he was appointed to the command of Kitchener's 
Fighting Scouts. Mr. Bailey entered the 
arena of Cape Colonial politics in 1902, when he 
was elected unopposed in the Progressive 
interest for Barkly West — the only constituency 
which the late Cecil Rhodes ever represented 
in the Cape Legislative Assembly. He was 
re-elected at the general election in Feb., 1904. 
He is Whip of the Progressive Party. He is a 
keen patron of all forms of sport ; racing in 
both S. Africa and England, and indulges par- 
ticularly in shooting and cricket. He was 
elected Pres. of the Wanderers' Club (Johannes- 
bui'g) in 1902, and is a member of the M.C.C. 
and many other sporting clubs. He married 
Caroline, elder dau. of John Paddon, who died 
in 1902, leaving him with two children : John 
Milner (godson of Lord Milner), and Cecil 
Marguerite SidweU (godchild of the late Cecil 

BAILEY, Amos, M.L.A., represents the con- 
stituency of Woodstock in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape House of Assembly, and 
was last elected in Feb., 1904. 

BAILEY, Thomas, of Queenstown, Cape 
Colony, was born in the parish of Keighley, 
Yorks., Jan. 30, 1836, where he was educated. 
He went to the Cape in 1858, and settled in 
Craddock, subsequently removing to the 
Albany District, to Bailey Jimction, and 
finally to Queenstown, where he established a 
large wholesale general business. 

He was returned to the Cape Legislative 
Council as senior member of the Eastern Circle 
at the general election in 1888, and was Mayor 
of Queenstown in 1887-8-9. Mr. Bailey 
married Annie, dau. of Peter McEwan, of 
Muthill, Crieff, Perthshire, by whom he has 
one Bon, Abe (q.v.) and three daughters. 

BAIN, Chaele-s Alfred Oliver, of the 
Constitutional Club, London, and of the Rand 
and New Clubs, Johannesburg, was born at 
Port Elizabeth, Aug. 12, 1864. He is son 
of Samuel Bain, whose father, Thomas Bain 
(of the East India Co.'s Servace) settled in 1850 
at Port Elizabeth, where he was a prominent 
citizen and Councillor and was Mayor (twice) 
and District Grand Master of the Eastern 
Province Masonic Lodge. Mr. C. A. O. Bain 
was educated at Grey Institute, P.E., and at 
Driffield Coll., Yorks. In 1886 he made an 
attempt to open up the Millwood Goldfields 
at Knysna, but recognizing that those fields 
were doomed to failure, went to the Transvaal 
in Dec., 1887, and became associated with the 
African Estates group in 1894. In 1898, with 
the intention of retiring from business, he 
returned to England, but became Chairman of 
the Estate Finance and Mines Corporation in 
London, finally returning in 1893 to S.A. as 
Managing Director of that Company in Johan- 

Mr. Bain used to be prominent in football 
and gyminastics, and was one of the founders 
of the Olympic F.C., the most unportant in the 
Eastern Province. He was Pres. of the Musical 
Section of the Wanderers' Club, 1888-9, and 
Acting-Pres. of the Transvaal Game Protection 
Society. He married, Feb. 2, 1887, Jane 
Tread well, voimgest dau. of D. G. de Villiers 
of Beaufort" West, C.C. 

BAINBRIDGE, John, M.L.A., F.G.S., son 
of Geo. Peacock Bainbridge, of Dutton Hall, 
Yorks., was educated at St. Peter's Gram. 
Sch., York, and at Rathbury Gram. 
Sch., Northumberland. He served in the 
1st Batt. of the West York Rifle Volxmteers, 
and shot for the Silver Medal, Queen's Prize, 
at Wimbledon, in 1860. He went to Natal 
in 1 870 ; engaged in farming ; was elected to a 
seat on the Legislative Coimcil in 1884, which 
he resigned four years Later. He was re-elected 
in 1890, and represents the Khp River Division 
in the Natal Assembly. 

BALE, Sir Henry, K.C.M.G. (1901), K.C. 
(1897), of Ingleside, Maritzburg ; Craigellachie, 
Hilton Road ; and the Victoria Club, Maritz- 
burg, Natal, was born Jan. 12, 1854 ; is the son 
of W. E. Bale, J. P., formerly Mayor of Pieter- 
maritzbm-g, and was educated at the High 
Sch., P.M.B., and the Gram. Sch., Exeter, 
England. Sir Henry practised as Attorney 
at the Supreme Court of Natal from 

Anglo- African Who's Who 

1875, and as Advocate from 1878 ; was member 
of the Committee of the Zulu War Relief Fund, 
1879 ; member of the late Council of Education, 
1886-93 ; nominee member of the Legislative 
Council, 1890 ; M.L.A. for Pietermaritzburg 
City, 1893-1901. He was twice sent for to 
form a Ministry, but declined. However, he 
acted as Attorney-General and Minister of 
Education from 1879-1901. During the late 
Boer War he acted as Prociu-ator-General, 
for which he received the thanks of the Secy, of 
State. He became Chief Justice of Natal in 
1901, and acted as Administrator of that Colony 
during the illness of the Governor, June and 
July, 1903. Sir Henry married in 1887 Ehza 
(d. 1890), dau. of W. B. Wood of Edinburgh. 

BALFOUR, De. Andrew, M.D., CM.. B.Sc. 
(Pubhc Health), Edin., M.R.C.P.E., D.P.H. 
(Camb) ; of Khartoum, and of the Drumsheugh 
Baths Club, Edin., the Turf Club, Cairo, and 
the Sudan Club, Khartoimn, was born at Edin- 
burg in 1873. He is the son of T. A. G. Bal- 
four, M.D., F.R.C.P.E., etc.. Curator of the 
Museum of the Royal College of Physicians, 
Edin., who married Miss Margaret Christall, of 
Elgin, Morayshire. Dr. A. Baifour was 
educated at George Watson's Coll., Edin- 
burgh, Edinburgh University, and Caius Coll., 
Cambridge, graduating M.B., CM., Edinbiu-gh, 
1894. After practising privately and at the 
Fever Ho.spital, Edinburgh, where he was 
Asst. Physician, he went to Cambridge, taking 
D.P.H. in 1897, M.D. (gold medal thesis) 
1898, and B.Sc. in Public Health 1890. He 
went to S. Africa as Civil Surgeon in April of 
that year, being attached to the No. 7 General 
Hospital at Estcourt and Pretoria, and after- 
v/ards in charge of the British Garrison and 
Boer Laagers at Kaapsche Hoop, E. Transvaal 
(medal and clasps). He returned in April, 1901, and 
took his M.R.CP.E. in 1902. In the same year he 
wasappointedDirectorof Govt. Research Labora- 
tories, Gordon Memorial College, Elliartoum. 

Dr. Balfour collaborated in the production 
of a book on Public Health, and is the author of 
of " By Stroke of Sword," " To Arms," " Ven- 
geance is Mine,' " Cashiered ; and Other War 
Tales," and "The Golden Kingdom." He 
also wrote a war play, "The Camp Catch," which 
was produced at Estcourt and at the Empress 
Theatre, Pretoria, for the benefit of hospitals. 
Dr. Balfour was a Scottish International Rugby 
football player, a Cambridge "Blue," and cap- 
tained the Watsonian XV. and the Edinburgh 
XV, in Edinburgh against the Paris team re- 

cently. He is a good swimmer, and is fond of 
shooting. He married, Sept., 1902, Grace, dau. 
of G. Nutter, of Sideup, Kent. 

BARLOW, Alfrkd, J.P., F.R.C.I., of Kelve- 
don, Bloemfontoin, and the Bloemfontein and 
Rand Clubs ; 3rd son of Nathaniel Barlow, 
M.R.C.S., and grandson of Dr. Wm. Barlow, 
who raised and commanded the Writtle (Essex) 
Volunteers in 1805, was born at Blackmore, 
near Chehusford, Essex, Aug. 15, 1836 ; was 
educated Ongar Gram. Sch. ; went to the 
O.F.S. in 1859, where he has resided practi- 
cally ever since. He was a Director of the 
Bloemfontein Bank from 1872 to 1887, and 
represented the town of Smithfield in the O.F.S. 
Volksraad from 1887 to 1890. He edited the 
" Friend of the Free State " from 1866 to 1899, 
and is now Chairman of the National Bank 
of the O.R.C, Chairman of the Bloemfontein 
Board of Executors, and J. P. for the whole of 
the O.R.C. He married, April 30, 1874, Kate, 
dau. of John Brereton, of Cheshire, England. 

BARNATO, Heney Isaac, of Joharmesburg ; 
of 23, Upper Hamilton Terrace, London, N.W., 
and of 10 and 11, Austin Friars, London, E.C, 
is a partner in the firm of Barnato Bros., 
founded by his popular but ill-fated brother 
" Barney " Barnato. He is a permanent 
Director in Johannesburg of the Barnato Con- 
solidated Mines, and is on the Board of the 
Johannesburg ConsoUdated Investment Co., 
Ltd. His main recreation appears to be horse- 
racing, but he has the family fondness for the 

BARNES, John Feedeeick Evelyn, C.M.G., 
M.Inst.CE., M.lnst.C.E.Id., F.R.C.I., of Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal, and of the Victoria Club, 
P.M B., was born in co. Kilkenny, Jan. 
21, 1851. He is the son of the late F. P. Barnes, 
C.E., and of Matilda, dau. of the lata Rev. Geo. 
Armstrong, of Listerlyn, co. Kilkenny, and 
was educated privately and at Trinity Coll., 
Dublin. In 1871, having completed his?" term 
of pupilage, as also his second or senior Fresh- 
man year in Trinity Coll., Dublin, he began 
his career as an engineer under the^County 
Surveyor of Antrim. In 1872, and^for six 
years subsequently, he held the post of 
engineer and surveyor on the Irish estates of 
the Duke of Abercorn, also practising privately. 
He engineered the Flood Protection works on 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

the Moiirne at Strabane, the Strabane Water- 
works, as also large sub-soil drainage and 
plantation schemes under the Public Works 
Loans Act. The land troubles of 1877-8 
caused him to turn his attention to other fields 
of labour, with the result that in Feb., 1880, he 
landed in Natal, passed the examination, and 
obtained the licence to practise as a Govt. Land 
Surveyor in that Colony. La 1882 Mr. Barnes 
was appointed Boro' Engineer of Diirban, and 
held that post for six years. He carried out 
the Umbilo Waterworks, many town improve- 
m:ents, and constructed over thirty miles of 
streets and footpaths. At the Natal Exhibi- 
tion of 1883 he was awarded a silver medal 
for specialities in concrete work, and prior to 
his entering the service of the Natal Govt, the 
Corporation voted him a bonus of £500 as a 
token of appreciation of his services. In Jany., 
1888, he received the appointment of Asst. 
Colonial Engineer and Surveyor-General of 
Natal, and throughout the six years, following 
he held frequent appointments as Acting 
Colonial Engineer, with seats on the Executive 
and Legislative Councils of the Colony. With 
the first responsible Govt, of Natal, Mr. Barnes 
was entrusted with the charge of the Public 
Works Dept. That appointment he still holds 
vmder the title of Chief Engineer Pubhc Works 
Dept. Throughout the late Boer War his 
dept. lent valviable assistance to the military, 
co-operating with the G.O.C. lines of commvmica- 
tion, the R.E., the R.A.M.C, and other branches 
of the service. His dept. raised and super- 
vised a Pioneer Corps of Artizans for the building 
of bridges, forts, buildings, and such like ; a 
Native Labour Corps of 3,000 Kaffirs for un- 
skilled work, and an Indian Ambulance Corps 
of 1,200 Indian coohe stretcher-bearers. For 
these services Mr. Barnes and the staff of his 
dept. were thanked publicly, and in despatches 
by Lord Roberts and by Gen. BuUer, while, 
on the recommendation of Governor Sir Henry 
McCuUum, Gen. Hildyard, and the Natal 
Ministry, of which Col. Sir A. H. Hime was 
Premier, he received the Order of C.M.G. at 
the hands of H.R.H. the Duke of York. He 
married, in 1879, Mary Sanbach, dau. of the 
late E. E. Graves. 

BARNETT, Percy Abthub, M.A., of 
Heatherleigh, Isleworth, Eng., Burnt Hill 
House, Bradfield, Reading, Eng., Maritz- 
burg, Natal ; of the Savile Club, London, and 
the Victoria Club, Maritzburg ; was born in 
1858, and was educated at the City of London 

Sch. and at Trinity Coll., Oxford. He 
was Scholar of Trinity, 1877 ; Prof, of EngUsh 
at the University CoU., Sheffield, 1881 ; 
Principal of Isleworth Training Coll., 1888 ; 
H.M. Inspector of Schools, 1892 ; H.M. Asst. 
Inspector of Training Colleges, 1893, and 
received his present appointment as Superin- 
tendent of Education for Natal in 1903. It is 
understood, however, that he handed in his 
resignation of this post in the summer of 1903, 
to take effect in a year's time, Mr. Barnett 
not being satisfied with the manner in which 
his proposals for educational reforms were 
treated. He represents Natal on the Council 
of the Cape University. In addition to this 
he has spent some time in Egypt and the Sudan, 
organizing secondary education at the time that 
Lord Milner was Financial Secy. He also assisted 
in the selection of the Enghsh teachers recently 
engaged for service in the Boer Concentration 
Camps. Mr. Barnett edited and contributed 
to " Teaching and Organization," and is the 
author of " Common Sense in Education " and 
various magazine articles and reviews. 

BARRINGTON, Hon. Rupert Edward 
Selbourn, of Potchefstroom, Transvaal ; was 
born at Brackley, Dec. 10, 1875. He is son 
of Viscount Barrington by Mary Isabella, 
dau. of the Rev. R. Rogne ; was educated at 
Charterhouse ; went to S.A. as a Trooper 
in the I.Y. ; received a Lieut.'s Commission, 
afterwards transferring to the S.A.C., in which 
force he also holds a Commission. He married 
in 1903 Mary, dau. of Col. and the Hon. Mrs. 
Ferguson, of Pitfour. 

BARTER, William Joseph Henry, of the 
Lydenburg Club, Transvaal, was born at 
Grahamstown in 1865 ; is the eldest son of the 
late W. H. Barter, of Cork, Ireland, formerly 
High Sheriff of the Eastern District Court and 
Native Commissioner of the Lydenburg Dist. 
(1880). Mr. W. J. H. Barter was on the 
Lydenburg goldfields in 1874, and one of the 
pioneers of the De Kaap. There he was elected 
seven years in succession as member of the 
North De Kaap Diggers' Committee, and 
interested himself in the politics of his adopted 
country, supporting such local progressive 
representatives as the late Jan Celliers, R. K. 
Loveday, and Frank Watkins as members 
for De Kaap. He was Chairman of Gen. 
Joubert's election committee on two occasions, 
and at the last Presidential election worked for 
Mr. Schalk Burger. He was also one of the 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

Vice-Presidents of the De Kaap Agricultural 
Soc. In Lydenburg, later, he was member of 
the Health Board, Hospital Board, and Treasurer 
of the Lydenburg Agricultural Soc. When 
war broke out he was one of the delegates 
elected to go to Paardekraal to oppose the "war 
talk " ; but Botha appointed him Military Com- 
missioner of the S.A.R. He was also Treasurer 
of the State Mint which coined the Z.A.R. 
" Een Pond, 1902," and was deputed by the 
Boer Gen. to protect the Lydenburg Mines. 
Upon peace being proclaimed, he resumed his 
business in Lydenburg, serving also on the 
Railway Committee, the Lydenburg Agricultural 
Soc, and other bodies. Mr. Barter married in 
1887 Miss H. H. C. Paskin, dau. of the late 
J. J. Paskin, of Wildemere, Verulam. 

BARTON, FoLLiOTT Cybil Montgomeky. of 
the Roj^al Colonial Institute and the United 
Sporting Club, was bom Jime 4, 1875, at Gra- 
hamstown, S. Africa, and is of Irish parentage. 
He was educated at St. Paul's Sch., Lond., 
and was appointed Clerk in the Colonial Audit 
Branch of the Exchequer and Audit Dept., 
Lond., in 1895 ; Assist. Local Auditor British 
Central Africa Protectorate in 1889, and in 
June of the same year he became Acting Local 
Auditor, remaining so until June, 1900. On 
Sept. 12, 1903, he was appointed 1st Class Clerk, 
Audit Office, in the Financial Civil Service. 

BAYLY, Col. Hon. L. S., M.L.C, is member 
of the Cape Legislative Council for the Eastern 
Circle, having been last re-elected in 1904. 

BAYNES, Joseph, C.M.G. (1902), M.L.A., 
J. P., of Nel's Rust, near Maritzburg, Natal, and 
the Victoria Club, P.M.B., is the son of the late 
Richard Baynes, and was born at Austwick, 
near Settle, Yorks., on March 2, 1842. He 
arrived in Natal in 1860, and commenced 
farming on Lawkland, near York, and since 
1862 has farmed at Nel's Rust. He has acted 
as a member of several Govt. Commissions ; 
has been a member of the Indian Immigration 
Board since 1887, and was Chairman in 1891-2 , 
is J.P. for the County of Pietermaritzburg ; 
Pres. of the Richmond Agricultural Soc. ; 
member of the Legislative Council for the Ixopo 
Division 1890-3, when under the new constitu- 
tion he was elected to the House of Assembly. 
He is a sound protectionist, and has worked 
hard for the agricultural and industrial develop- 
ment of Natal. He strongly supported the 
movement in the Assembly in 1897 which led 

to the Customs Convention between the Cape 
Colony, Orange Free State and Natal ; he moved 
also in that House the resolution approving 
and supporting the action of the Imperial Govt, 
in its endeavours to obtain equal rights for all 
civihzed people in S. A. He is Minister of Lands 
and Works in the present Natal Ministry. 
He married : first, in 1874, Maria H., 2nd dau. 
of Paul Hermanns Zietsman, J.P. ; and 2nd, 
in 1878, Sarah A., elder dau. of Ed. Tomlin- 
son, who was four times Mayor of Maritzburg. 

BAYNES, William, M.L.A., J.P., of Settle, 
near Pietermaritzburg ; Glen Dushie, P.M.B., 
316, Longmarket St., P.M.B., and the Victoria 
Club, P.M.B., was born at Austwick, Yorks, 
May 22, 1840. He is son of the late Richard 
Baynes, of Settle and Nel's Rust, Natal ; was 
educated at Lancaster and Giggleswick Gram. 
Schools, and settled in Natal as a farmer 
in 1860. He was twice elected to the Legisla- 
tive Council as member for Lion's River Divi- 
sion (1890-1893) as an opponent of Responsible 
Government, but on this being granted to the 
Colony he was elected to represent Umgeni in 
the Natal House of Assembly. Mr. Baynes 
married, Aug. 2, fl870, Ellen, third dau. of 
Richard Stone, of Faversham, Kent. 

BEAL, Col. Robert ; served as a sergeant in 
the B.B.P., and in Sir Chas. Warren's expedi- 
tion. He subsequently held a commission 
with the Mashonaland Pioneers, served in the 
Matabele War of 1893, and in the rebelhon of 
1896 he commanded the Salisbury - Gwelo 
column for the reUef of Bulawayo, and did good 
service at the action at the Umgusa, also in 
repairing telegraph lines, with patrols, and 
afterwards as transport officer on the Umtali- 
Beira road. 

BEAUFORT, Judge ; was formerly Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Colony of 
Labuan and the State of North Borneo, 1895- 
1900. He is now in charge of the High Court 
of North-Eastern Rhodesia established at Fort 

BEAUMONT, Hon. William Henry, of 10, 
Burgher St., Maritzburg, Natal, and the Victoria 
Club, Maritzburg, was born in India, Feb. 24, 
1851 ; is the son of the late Lieut. -Col. W. 
Beamnont, of the 23rd Madras Light Infantry ; 
was educated at Sherborne and Sandhurst, 
and joined the 75th (Stirlingshire) Regt. as Ensign 
in Aug. 1870 ; Lieut. 1870, and retired in Aug. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 

1875. He became Private Secy, to Lieut. - 
Governor Sir Benjamin Pine, and Clerk to the 
Executive Council of Natal in 1873 ; acting 
R.M. Umlazi Divn., 1874 ; Governor's Clerk 
and Clerk to the Executive Council, Oct., 1875 ; 
Magistrate, 1878 ; Acting Puisne Judge of the 
Supreme Court for various periods from Feb. 
1895, to Oct. 1902 ; Judge of the Special Treason 
Court, Oct. 1901 ; and received his present 
appointment as Puisne Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Natal, Nov. 1, 1902. 

I Judge Beaumont served on the Langali- 
balele Expedition, 1873 ; was Colonial Com- 
mandant of No. 1 District, Natal, at the com- 
mencement of the Zulu War, Jan. 1879, when 
he raised native levies for the defence of the 
border, and a troop of mounted natives called 
the " Newcastle Scouts " (medal). He also 
served as Commandant of the Pietermaritzburg 
Town Guard during the late Boer War. He 
has always been an enthusiastic sportsman, 
and has during the last few years been Capt. 
of the Maritzburg Golf Club. He was married, 

1876, to Alice, dau. of the late Hon. John 
Millar, M.L.C., of Durban. 

BECK, Dr. Johannes Hendricus Meiring, 
M.L.A., has represented the electoral division 
of Worcester in the Cape Legislative Assembly 
for some years. He is a member of the Bond, 
and was last returned unopposed at the General 
Election in 1904. 

BEHR, H. C, Consulting Mechanical Engi- 
neer to the Consolidated Goldfields of S.A. He 
was the first winner of the gold medal and pre- 
miima of 50 guineas for the best paper contri- 
buted on Deep Level Mining questions to the 
Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. His 
subject was " Winding Plants for Great Depths." 

BEIT, Alfred, of 26, Park Lane, W., of 
Jewin Water, near Welwyn, Herts, and of 
London Wall Buildings, E.C., was born in 
Hamburg in 1853, and after receiving a sound 
commercial education, went with a few thou- 
sand pounds to Kimberley, where the great 
firm of Wernher, Beit & Co. was originally 
founded. But the discovery of the Rand Gold- 
fields greatly increased the sphere of the fii-m's 
operations. Already exercising the greatest 
influence over the destinies of the De Beers 
Mines, of which he is a life governor, Mr. Beit 
soon began to acquire the control of a large 
proportion of the pick of the Rand outcrop 
claims, supplementing these holdings with a 

more or less continuous line of deep level claims 
along the main reef series, which were soon 
merged in the huge mining corporation known 
as the Rand Mines, Limited, of which Mr. 
Beit is a Johannesbiu-g director, with a seat 
on the London Committee. To mention the 
other naining undertakings which come entirely 
or partly under the segis of Mr. Beit's firm 
would be to name some thirty or forty of the 
most prosperous and best managed of the Rand 
properties, although of these, in addition to the 
Rand Mines, Ltd., he only figures on the Boards 
of the Robinson Coy., and the " H.F." Coy. 
He is also a director of the ConsoUdated Co., 
Bultfontein mine. 

But Mr. Beit's interests are not limited to 
gold and diamonds. From the inception of the 
Chartered Co. he has been one of its most active 
directors, and a strong supporter of Mr. Rhodes 
in his policy of Imperial, territorial, and railway 
expansion. His earnest desire to carry out 
the partly completed projects bequeathed to 
hina by his friend and colleague, led him to make 
an extended tour through Rhodesia in the 
autumn of 1902, the immediate effect of which 
was the removal of the more pressing hind- 
rances to the prosperity of its colonists, more 
especially those which affected the working 
element. The old faulty mining law was to be 
amended ; the 50 per cent, clause to be reduced 
to 30 per cent. ; diamond prospecting to be 
allowed ; post and telegraph rates to be reduced ; 
department for native affairs and agriculture 
to be instituted, and railway construction to 
be pushed on. 

A man with such responsibilities and interests 
needs to be something more than a financial 
genius, and perhaps one of his most fortunate 
attributes is his perspicuity in judging character 
and associating himself with the right people. 
Thus it is safe to say that no otlier firm contains 
such a combination of men of brains and finan- 
cial probity as the firm of Wernher, Beit & Co. 
and the allied firm of H. Eckstein & Co., who 
act as their Transvaal representatives, and 
between them they are perhaps second only to 
the house of Rothschild in the magnitude of 
their operations and the amplitude of their 
financial resources. Mr. Beit's firm is of course 
not free from those attacks which are periodi- 
cally directed against the great financial houses. 
In the case of the libel uttered by Mr. A. B. 
Markham, M.P. (q.v.), which was so unre- 
reservedly withdrawn, it is characteristic of the 
firm that they abstained from asking for the 
costs in the case. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Mr. Beit himself is reserved and somewhat 
delicate, as most men are who develop their 
intellectual strength at the expense of their 
physical force. Nevertheless, he has an extra- 
ordinary capacity for hard work, and while he 
commonly calculates in millions he has that 
grasp of detail which ensures his schemes being 
successfully carried through. Although Ger- 
man by birth, he is a naturalized Englishman, 
and apart from the huge tract of country which 
he has helped to bring under the British flag, 
he has large ideas on such questions of national 
importance as technical education, to advance 
which his firm has contributed in princely 

During the late S.A. War he was a 
munificent supporter of the I.L.H., and it was 
owing to his generous financial aid that the 
regiment was, after the relief of Ladysmith, 
re-horsed in time for it to take part in the relief 
of Mafeking. 

Bramfontein Forest, Parktown, near Johan- 
nesburg, consisting of about 200 acres of free- 
hold ground, was recently presented to the 
Johannesburg Town Council by Messrs. Wern- 
her, Beit & Co. and Mr. Max Michaelis (a 
former partner in the firm) for the purposes of 
a public park, which will be known as the 
Hermann Eckstein Park. Mr. Beit has a fine 
collection of pictures, and maintains a racing 
stable in Germany. 

BELFIELD, Col. Heebebt Eversley, C.B., 
D.S.O., of Aldershot, and the Junior United 
Service Club, was born at Dover Sept. 25, 1857 ; 
is son of Capt. W. Belfield, J.P., and was 
educated at Wellington Coll., passing into the 
Army in 1876, rising to the substantive rank of 
Col. on Dec. 18, 1899. After serving as Brig.- 
Maj. and D.A.A.G. at Aldershot, he was on 
special service in Ashanti in 1895-6 as C.S.O., 
being honourably mentioned and receiving the 
Brev. of Lieut.-Col. and the Star. In the late 
S.A. War he acted as A.A.G., S.A., from 
Dec. 1899, until Jan. 1902, when he became 
Inspector-Gen. of I.Y. in S.A., taking part in 
the operations in the O.R.C., Transvaal, and 
later in the Cape Colony, including the actions 
at Venterskroon, Lindley, and Rhenoster River. 
He was twice mentioned in despatches ; re- 
ceived the King's medal with two clasps, and 
was decorated with the C.B. and D.S.O. Col. 
Belfield was appointed A.A.G. of the 1st 
Army Corps at Aldershot Dec. 11, 1902. He 
married 1st, in 1887, Emily Mary, dau. of the 
Rt. Rev. Hibbert Binney, Bishop of Nova 

Scotia ; and 2nd, in 1888, Evelyn Mary,S[dau. 
of Albon Taylor, of Barnes. 

BELL, Lieut.-Col. John William, CM G., 
J. P., M.R.C.I., of Pretoria, Transvaal, and of 
the Imperial Service and Pretoria Clubs ; is 
the son of Wilham Bell, of Dumfries, Scot- 
land, late of Grahamstown, Cape Colony, Advo- 
cate and M.L.A. He was born at Edinburgh 
1848, and was educated at the High Sch., 
Edin. Col. Bell originally practised as a 
solicitor at Queenstown, Cape Colony, and is 
now Master of the Supreme Cotu-t of the Trans- 
vaal. He has been a member of the Queens- 
town Rifle Volunteers since the formation of 
the corps in 1873, and was in command from 
1881 to 1901. He holds the S.A. War 
medal (1877-78), and was granted the Long 
Service medal 1898. He holds the Volunteer 
Officers' Decoration, and was decorated for 
services in the South African campaign 1899- 
1901. He married in 1873 Ehza Jane Brad- 
field, 4tli dau. of Edward Mortimer Turvey. 

BELL, William Henry Somerset, of Johan- 
nesburg, and the Rand, Pretoria, Grahamstown 
and Albany (Grahamstown) Clubs, was born 
near Fort Beaufort, Eastern Province, Aug. 1, 
1856. He is second son of Col. Charles Bell, 
and grandson of Geo. Jarvis, solicitor, of 
Grahamstown. He was educated at Douglas, 
Isle of Man, and at St. Andrew's Coll., Grahams- 
town, At the early age of foxu-teen he, in con- 
junction with an elder brother, aged 16, printed 
and published a small weekly newspaper called 
the " Kariega News," which ran for a year, 
much of the plant being made by these two 
boys. In 1877 Mr. W. H. S. Bell served with 
the Albany Mounted Volunteers in the Galeka 
Campaign. He was admitted as an Attorney 
of the Supreme Court, Cape Colony, in 1879, 
and a Notary of the same Court in 1878. In 
1884 he founded and became editor of the 
" Cape Law Journal," of which he continued 
editor until 1896, when he went to England on 
account of ill-health ; he resumed the editor- 
ship in the beginning of 1900, and still continues 
to occupy that position. He was a member of 
the Reforin Committee in Dec, 1895 ; was 
arrested for high treason against the S.A.R. on 
Jan. 9, 1896, and lodged in the Pretoria gaol 
with some 63 other Reformers ; was tried in 
April, 1896, and with 59 others was convicted 
of the minor offence of Lcesce majestatis, and 
sentenced to two years' imprisonment, £2,000 
fiLne, and three years' banishment. After 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


serving about one month's imprisonment his 
sentence was commuted to a fine of £2,000. 
Towards the end of 1896 he gave up business 
in Johannesburg, and went to England for rest 
and change. In 1898 he became Chairman of 
the Estate Finance and Mines Corporation, 
Ld., in London, which position he resigned at 
the end of 1899, and went back to S.A., and 
devoted himself to improving the '' Cape Law 
Journal," and also compiled his " Digest of the 
Cape Law Journal," a work of about 600 pages, 
pubhshed 1901. In that year he altered the 
name of the " Cape Law Journal " to the 
" South African Law Journal," and in June of 
the same year he resumed in Johannesburg his 
practice as a solicitor. He joined the Rand 
Rifles, and was a captain in the force at the 
time it was disbanded. In 1902 he, in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. Manfred Nathan, LL.D., com- 
piled and published the " Legal Handbook of 
British South Africa" (about 750 pp.). He 
was one of the representatives of the O.R.C. 
in the Inter-Colonial conference on the Com- 
panies' Law. 

He was a member of the firm of Ayliff, Bell 
& Hutton, and later of Bell & Hutton, in 
Grahamstown ; of Caldicott & Bell, in Kim- 
berley ; of Bell & MuUins, in Johannesburg ; 
and since 1901 he has been a member of the 
firm of Bell & Tancred, of Johannesburg. He 
has been a member of the Coimoil of the Incor- 
porated Law Society of the Transvaal for many 
years ; he is also a member of the Council of the 
Incorporated Law Society of the Cape Colony. 
He is a director on several companies, and Chair- 
man of the African Book Co., Ltd. He married 
Aug. 3, 1880, Charlotte Elizabeth, dau. of the 
late Geo. Wood, juni'., of Grahamstown. 

BELLAIRS, Capt. Norman Edward Breton, 
R.A., of the United Service Club, London, was 
born Nov. 12, 1869, at Gibraltar. He is son of 
Lieut.-Gen. Sir WUliam Bellairs (q.v.) ; was 
educated at Chfton Coll. ; served in the 
S.A. War 1901-2, commanding the R.G.A. 
in the O.R.C. towards the end of the war. He 
subsequently was appointed Adjt. of the Cape 
Garrison Artillery. 

BELLAIRS, Lieut.-Gen. Sib W^illiam, 
K.C.M.G., C.B., Knight of the Legion of Honour, 
and Order of the Medjidie, of Clevedon, Somer- 
setshire, and of the National Liberal Club, was 
born August 28, 1828, at Honfleur. He is de- 
scended from the ancient family of de Beler, 
Bellers, or Bellars (as formerly variously spelt), 

of Melton Mowbray, and Kirby Bellars, Leicester- 
shire, in which churches are still to be seen 
effigies of his ancestors. He is a son of Sir 
WiUiam Bellairs (d. 1863), a distinguished 
officer of the 15th King's Hussars, who saw 
much service during the Peninsula and Water- 
loo, and was afterwards Exon of the Yeomen 
of the Guard at the Court of Queen Victoria. 
Sir William was educated privately, and entered 
the army in 1846, retiring as a Lieut.-Gen. in 
1887. As Adjt. of the 49th (now the Royal 
Berkshire) Regt., he was present at the battle 
of the Alma ; as Capt. at the Inkerman com- 
bat of the 26th October, and at the battle of 
Inkerman, where he led a charge with only three 
attenuated companies, which overthrew and 
dispersed a strong Russian column — an episode 
related in Kinglake's brilUant pages. Later, 
when on the Q.M.-Gen.'s staff, he was present 
at the attacks on the Redan and fall of Sebasto- 
pol, being then rewarded with a brevet majority, 
French and Turkish honours, medals and clasps. 
He was one of the comparative few (about 100) 
combatants who fought through the Crimea 
from first to last. He subsequently served on 
the staff of the Adjutant and Q.M.-Gen.'s 
departments in the West Indies, Ireland, Gibral- 
tar and South Africa ; throughout the Kafir 
and Zulu campaigns (S. African medal, 1877-9, 
and distingushed service reward). Then, as 
Brig. -Gen. commanding the troops which suc- 
cessfully defended their seven isolated posts in 
the Transvaal — Pretoria, Potchefstroom, Rust- 
enburg, Marabastaal, Lydenburg, Standerton, 
and Wakkerstroom — surrounded as they were, 
for three months, by greater Boer forces. Sir 
William has Ukewise acted in various civil 
capacities — as Inspector-Gen. of Police, Bar- 
bados, 1857 ; Local Inspector of Army Schools, 
Gibraltar, 1868-73 ; Col. Secretary, Gibraltar, 
1872 ; Administrator, Natal, 1880 ; Member of 
Executive Coim.cil, Transvaal, 1880-1 ; and 
Administrator, Transvaal, 1881, after the war. 

Sir William wrote the " Transvaal War, 
1880-1," published in 1885 (Blackwood). In 
1902 the liang selected him for the Colonelcy of 
the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and 
Derbyshire Regt.). Sir William was married: 
first, in 1857, to Emily Craven, daughter of 
Wm. Barton Gibbons, J.P., and second, in 1867, 
to Blanch St. John, daughter of F. A. Mosch- 
zisker. Ph. D. Sir Wilham's eldest son, 
WiUiam G. Bellairs (q.v.) is a C.C. and R.M. 
in the Cape Colony. He has another son, Capt. 
N. E. B. Bellairs, R.A., attached to the Cape 
Artillery, and a daughter married to Sir David 


Anglo-African Who's Who. 

Tennant, late Speaker of the Cape House of 


BELLAIRS, William G., eldest son of Lieut.- 
Gen. Sir Wm. Bellairs (q.v.); is C.C. and 
R.M. in the Cape Colony. He married in 1901 
to Augusta Chiappini, dau. of a former member 
of the Cape Legislative Assembly. 

BELLINGHAM, Hon. Philiptts Solomon, 
M.L.C., was born in 1834 at Uitenhage, which 
he represented for many years on the Divisional 
Council. He wag an office-bearer in the D.R. 
Church, and a prominent Bond leader in his 
division. He was returned at the head of the 
poll in 1891 for the South-Eastern Province 
in the Cape Legislative Council. Mr. Balling- 
ham still represents this division. 

BELLIS, Thomas K., of Croydon, Surrey, 
was born in Liverpool in 1841, and educated at 
the Liverpool CoU. At the early age of fifteen 
he entered the Liverpool office of Messrs. Forbes, 
Forbes & Co., East India merchants of London. 
Mr. Bellis shortly afterwards came to London, 
where he entered seriously upon a business 
career. For eighteen years he remained with 
a well known firm then doing an important West 
Indian trade, and rose from the lowest position 
to that of manager. On the dissolution of the firm 
in the West India trade, he started for lumself 
in 1874, and forseeing the great future of the 
turtle trade, he kept it well before him in the 
midst of his other undertakings. To a man of 
his enterprising character and business capacity 
a scheme for the importation of the living annual, 
upon a scale never before attempted, was no 
sooner thought of than he maide extensive 
arrangements to carry it out. Mr. Bellis has 
earned the sobriquet of " Turtle King." That 
title is beyond dispute, for throughout the 
length and breadth of the land there is not 
another merchant dealing on the same colossal 
scale, as a visit to the present offices in Bury 
Street, St. Mary Axe, will quickly prove. Every 
fortnight the West India Royal Mail brings a 
siipply, dealers throughout the country looking 
to Mr. Bellis for the fulfilment of their orders. 
Not only is he acknowledged as the head of the 
business in England, but his fame is equally 
recognized throughout Europe, and he controls 
the schooners which catch the turtles from 
amongst the coral islands in the Mexican Gulf. 
With the energy and enterprise characteristic 
to him, Mr. Bellis has not limited his efforts 

to one branch of trade. He is now taking a 
keenly active part in opening a trade with 
Tarkwa, on the Gold Coast, and the results up 
to the present time have amply justified his 
foresight. He has also for the past seventeen 
years been engaged in importing Turkish leaf 
tobacco, at first only on a small scale, but it 
has developed very considerably, and is now 
quite an important business. He is pro- 
moter and director of the Tarkwa Gold Coast 
Trading Co. — now a successful company. His 
name is also well known in connection with 
the exploitation of the Welsbach Incandescent 
Light. Many other minor inventions were 
also brought out by him, including the Fleuss 
Tubeless Tyre, the original syndicate proving a 
great success, as was the case with all the ven- 
tures to which he has lent his name and given 
his consideration. Mr. Bellis has resided for 
many years in Croydon, and has taken an active 
part in the local life of the town, but has never 
been persuaded to accept public office in Croydon 
or elsewhere. 

BENT, Mrs. Mabel Virginia Anna, of 13, 
Great Cumberland Place, W., and of the Ladies' 
Empire Club, is a daughter of Robert Westley 
Hall-Dare, D.L., of Theydon Bois, Wenning- 
ton Hall, Essex, and Newtownbarry House, 
CO. Wexford. She was married Aug. 2, 1877, 
to the late Theodore Bent, of Baildon House, 
Yorks. Mrs. Bent accompanied her husband 
in all his explorations, and took part in the 
excavations with which lie was associated in 
the Greek and Turkish Islands, Asia Minor, 
Abyssinia, the Great Zimbabye (Mashonaland), 
Persia, and elsewhere. She is the authoress of 
' ' Southern Arabia, Soudan, and Sokotra,' ' compil- 
ed from her own and Mr. Theodore Bent's notes. 

BERRINGTON, Evelyn Del.\hay, A.I.M.M., 
F.R.C.I., F.S.A., is the son of A. D. Berring- 
ton, late Secretary of Fisheries. He was born 
March 6, 1861, at Pant-y-goitre, near Aberga- 
venny, and was educated at Clifton Coll. 
and Geneva Univ. Mr. Berrington has been 
conected with gold mining since 1882 in various 
parts of the world. He was in Venezuela 
1882-3, in Florida, U.S.A., 1884-6, and in 
Johannesburg 1887-8. He joined the pioneer 
force into Mashonaland in 1890, and was in 
Johannesburg and Matabeleland from 1894 to 
1899. He acted as manager to the Lomagunda 
Reefs, Ltd., and the Ayrshire Mine in Mashona- 
land from 1899 to 1903. He married, June 2, 
1894, Miss Eleanor A. Witterton. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


BERRY, Hon. Sir William Bisset, Knt., 
M.L.A., M.A., M.D., of Speaker's Chambers, 
Parliament House, Cape Town ; Ebden Street, 
Queenstown, and the Civil Service Club (C.T.) ; 
was born at Aberdeen, Scotland, 1839. He 
had a public school and university education, 
and followed the medical profession from 1864 
for many years at Queenstown, Cape Colony, 
which he was elected to represent in the Cape 
Parliament in 1893, being last re-elected at the 
general election in 1904. In politics he is an 
ardent Liberal, an occasional speaker, and is 
identified with every movement for the better- 
ment of the people. He has been Speaker of 
the Cape House of Assembly since 1898, and is 
on the Council of the Cape University. 

He has contributed largely to the medical 
press, and married, in 1864, a dau. of Wm. 

BESTER, A. J., of Bethlehem, O.R.C., was 
formerly a member of the Orange Free State 

BIGHAM, William R., of Wliite City, 
Morris County, Kansas, U.S.A., the U.S. Con- 
sulate-General, Cape Town, and the City Club, 
Cape Town, was born at Hamilton, Ohio, U.S.A., 
April 12, 1841 ; is of Scotch origin on both his 
father's and mother's side, and was educated 
at Hamilton, Ohio. He acted as Mayor of the 
city of El Porso, 111., for three terms ; com- 
pleted three years and three months in the 4th 
Regt. of 111. Cavalry ; served as representative 
for the 60th district of Kansas two terms ; 
Alderman in the city of White City two terms ; 
and was on the Education Board of that city 
for a similar period ; was a director of Badger 
Lumber, Kansas City, Mo., for eleven years. In 
the year, 1887-8 he travelled in S. America, 
Europe and the U.K., and was appointed U.S. 
Consul-General in Cape Town in Aug. 1901, by 
Pres. McKinley. 

Mr. Bigham has the Masonic Orders Blue 
Lodge, Chapter, Comandry and Schrine ; also 
the Grand Army of the Republic and the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, the latter being an 
insurance order. He married Miss Elizabeth 
H. Bingham, Sept. 1, 1868. 

BINNS, Henry ; went to Natal in 1858, 
and engaged in planting. He was a nominee 
member of the Natal Council in 1879, and was 
elected to the Assembly in 1883. Was Chair- 
man of the Indian Immigration Trust Board, 
and Delegate to the Bloemfontein Conference 
in 1889. 

BIRCHALL, Charles, of Liverpool ; was 
born in 1842, and entered the service of the 
London and North-Western Railway Company 
at a very early age, and the business training 
he received in the few years he remained with 
that concern stood him in such good stead that 
the intricacies of commercial hfe thereafter 
came extremely easy. At the end of twenty 
years' faithful work in the service of the founder 
of the " Journal of Commerce," he became sole 
proprietor of this well-known organ. 

In a quiet and unobtrusive way he has done 
a great deal towards the improvement of South 
and West Africa, for as proprietor of the Liver- 
pool and Manchester " Jom-nal of Commerce " 
and Chairman of the company which o\vns the 
" Financier and Bullionist," all the weight of 
his influence has for many years past been 
exerted in the direction of promoting a better 
knowledge of the Dark Continent on the part 
of Englishmen, and a greater development of 
the vast resources of Africa by the aid of British 
capital. At a time when Western Africa was a 
terra incognita to the vast mass of the people of 
this coiuitry, the newspapers wliich Mr. Birch- 
all so ably controls in the North of England 
loudly proclaimed its great possibilities, and 
boldly asked for railways, better government, 
and more general recognition, an advocacy 
which can claim to have been the chief means 
of the wonderful latter-day development of 
such places as Ashanti and the Gold Coast. As 
one of the principal personages who regulate 
the policy of the " Financier and Bullionist," 
both South and West Africa have to thank him 
for the uncompromising and unflinching manner 
in which the interests of that country have 
always been placed before the pubUc, whilst his 
behef in the future of Africa has ever been 
very practically demonstrated by the posses- 
sion of large financial interests in many of the 
concerns at present engaged in gold production 
and general development. Mr. Birchall is 
one of the most popular and influential men 
in the city of Liverpool, where, besides pro- 
ducing the " Journal of Commerce," he con- 
ducts a large advertising and printing business. 
The whole of his commercial career has been 
lived in the great city on the Mersey, and a 
nearly equally long residential connection with 
the Wirral Peninsula on the other side of the 
river has led to his taking quite a number of 
public duties, including that of County Council- 
lor for Cheshire, and Chairman of the School 
Attendance Committee of the local School 
Board. Perhaps Mr. Birchall' s future repu- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

tation rests more on his philanthropic work 
than on anything else, for in establishing the 
famous Christmas " hot-pots " at Liverpool, 
he has founded a benevolent scheme whose 
fame has travelled all over the world. In 
almost every plan for helping the poor and the 
needy in Liverpool and in Wirral he takes the 
keenest interest, and on the School Board and 
the County Council, with which he has been so 
long associated, there is no harder worker. 

BIRDWOOD, Herbert Mills, C.S.I. (1893), 
J.P. for Middlesex, Barrister-at-Law, of Dalkeith 
House, Cambridge Park, Twickenliam ; the 
National Liberal, Mid-Siurey Golf, and various 
Indian Clubs, was born at Belgavun, Bombay 
Presidency, May 29, 1837, and is son of the 
late Gen. Christopher Birdwood, Bombay 
Army. He was educated at Plymouth New 
Gram. Sch., Mount Radford Sch., Edin. 
University, and Peterhouse, Camb., where he 
took his M.A. and LL.D. He is also Hon. 
Fellow of Peterhouse. He entered the Indian 
Civil Service (Bombav Establishment) Dec. 26, 
1858 ; retired April 24, 1897 ; held office as 
Asst. Collector and Magistrate, 1 859-62 ; Asat. 
Judge, 1862-3 ; Under-Secy. to the Bombay 
Govt., 1863-6 ; Political Assistant in Kattir- 
awad, 1866-7 ; Registrar of the High Court, 
Bombay, 1867-71 ; District Judge and Sessions 
Judge in various districts, 1871-80; Judicial 
Commissioner in Sind and Judge of the Sadar 
Court, ^:a 881-85 ; Judge of the High Court, 
Bombay, 1885-92 ; Vice-Chancellor of the 
Bombay University, 1891-2 ; and Member of 
the Executive Council of the Governor of Bom- 
bay, 1892—97, during which period he was 
appointed Acting-Governor of Bombay, Feb. 
17, 1895. 

Mr. Birdwood is a Commissioner of Rich- 
mond Bridge, a Member of the Twickenham 
Urban Dist. Covmcil, and a director of a few 
Rhodesian companies. He edited certain vols, 
of the Laws and Regulations in force in the 
Bombay Presidency, and is the author of 
various papers and articles on subjects con- 
nected with Indian administration and Indian 
Botany. He married, Jan. 29, 1861, Edith 
Marian Sidonie, dau. of the late Surgeon-Maj. 
Elijah Impey, Bombay Army, some time P.M.G. 
of Bombay. 

BIRKENST0CK,CoENR.4JiJ> J. A., of Vryheid, 
Transvaal, was born in Pietermaritzburg in 
1853. In 1876 he was selected by the Trans- 
vaal Govt, to accompany G. M. Rudolph and 

G. van Staden on the last mission to Cetewayo. 
He acted as Secy, to C. Joubert and Rudolph on 
the visit to Swazieland to crown Umbandine 
as king in 1875. He joined the opposition 
during the annexation of the Transvaal, and 
fought at Laing's Nek in the War of Inde- 
pendence. In 1884 he trekked to Zululand. 
He assisted in estabhshing the New Republic, 
and was chairman of its Volksraad of tweh'e 
till shortly before its incorporation with tlie 
Transvaal. He was elected in 1890 to represent 
Vryheid in the First Volksraad, of which he 
was one of the most progressive members, and 
a worthy colleague of the late Gen. Lucas 
Meyer whom he greatly admired. 

BIRT, Howard Hawkins, of Bloemfontein, 
was born at London, Aug. 17, 1875, and is the 
descendant of an old Baptist family. He was 
educated at Devizes, Wilts., and lost no time 
in turning his talents in the direction of journal- 
ism. For some years connected with the London 
Press, he is now ed. of the " Bloemfontein Post." 
He has also published various short stories, 
articles, and pamphlets, mainly, in connection 
with criminal identification, the work of the 
London Police, and the investigations of the 
Theosophical Society. He married, in 1897, 
Emily, dau. of H. Becker, of London. 

BLACK, Stephen Cope, of Johannesbvirg, 
and the Rand Club, is descended on the paternal 
side from a Scottish family who settled early 
in the 19th century in the Cape, where Mr. 
S. C. Black was born. He left the Western 
Province in 1889, attracted by the prospects 
of the Rand, where he has resided ever since. 
He is a member of the Johannesburg Stock 
Exchange ; an executive mem. of the Chamber 
of Mines, and director of the Henry Nourse, 
New Modderfontein, Jumpers, Wolhuter, and 
other mining and industrial companies, besides 
being joint manager in S.A. of the Transvaal 
Gold Fields, Ltd. 

BLACKBEARD, Charles Alexander, J.P., 
of Posno Street, Beaconsfield, Cape Colony, 
and of the Kimberley Club, was born at Gra- 
hamstown, Dec. 19, 1848, his grandparents 
having settled in the Colony in 1820. He is an 
old resident on the Diamond Fields, has for 
many years taken a prominent interest in the 
municipal affairs of Beaconsfield, for which 
town he was several times elected Mayor. He 
was re-elected in 1902. He is also Chairman 
of the local PubHc School ; the local branch of 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


the S.A. League ; and of the Kroonstad Coal 
and Estate Co., and Director of tlie Griqualand 
West D.M. Co. In freemasonry he is D.D.G.M. 
of Central South Africa, and Eminent Preceptor 
"Diamond of (he Desert." He served as a 
trooper in the D.F.H. in the Kafir war of 1877-8 ; 
became Capt. in that corps in 1889, and served 
as Capt. and Adjt. in the Beaconsfield Town 
Guard during tlie siege in the S.A. War, and was 
mentioned in Col. Kekewich's despatches. He 
married, Dec. 8, 1S75, Miss Annie Robinson 

BLACKBURN, Douglas ; of Loteni Valley, 
via Fort Nottingham, Natal ; eldest son of the 
Rev. Geo. Blackburn ; was born at Aix, Savoy, 
Aug. 6, 1857. He was educated at Wylde's 
King Edward Gram. Sch., Lowestoft, and 
read for the Bar. He has been connected with 
jotirnalism since 1892, and is founder of "The 
Sentinel," a Progressive Boer journal, and has 
incidentally been engaged in numerous criminal 
and civil actions for libel brought by the Trans- 
vaal Govt, officials. He is author of two books 
which have gained him a very favourable 
notoriety, " Prinsloo of Prinsloosdorp," and " A 
Btu-gher Quixote" (Blackwood), and he has now 
in the press " Richard Hartley, Prospector." Mr. 
Blackburn has travelled considerably. He 
has written about sailing subjects, and has 
performed several vmusually long single-handed 
voyages in small boats in British and Contin- 
ental waters. Unmarried. 

BLAINE, George, M.L.A., represents the 
electoral division of Cathcart in the Cape 
Legislative Assembly, and votes with the 
Progressive party. 

BLAKELEY, Robert Henry, of Johannes- 
burg, was born at Harbury, Yorks., Nov. 8, 1867 ; 
is the son of Wm. Blakeley, J. P., was educated 
&t Repton, and served with Roberts' Horse 
dvuing the S.A. War, when he was taken 
prisoner at Sauna's Post (Queen's and King's 
medals, 5 clasps). He is very fond of cricket, 
■football, and hockey ; is an authority on the 
Rugby game, and was for seven years Hon. 
Secy, of the Transvaal Rugby Football Union. 

BLANE, William, F.R.C.I., of 31, Karl 

Street, Jeppestown, Johannesburg ; of the New 
Club, Johannesburg, and of the Jimior Con- 
servative Club, London, is the eldest son of 
Robert Blane, of Galston, Ayrshire, and grand- 
son of William Blane, of Ayr, who was the first 

engineer for William BaLrd& Co., and one of the 
most successful engineers of his time. He was 
born May 28, 1858, at Galston, and trained in 
mining and engineering with Boyd, Gilmour 
& Co., Kihnarnock. After taking various 
distinctions and prizes for scientific studies he 
went to S.A. in 1883. After being in various 
parts of the country he went to Johannesburg 
in March, 1890, and was gen. manager of various 
gold mining companies to the end of 1893. 
From that year until 1899 he was senior partner 
of the firm of Blane & Co., Engineers, Johannes- 
burg. Since 1899 he has been Managing Director 
of Blane & Co., Ltd. In 1901 he was selected 
by the Govt, of Queensland to inspect the gold 
fields of that country and to report on the con- 
ditions and mode of working them. He is 
director of several companies, and is a member 
of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers, London ; 
of the Federated Institute of Mining Engineers, 
England ; of the S.A. Association of Engineers ; 
and of the Mechanical Engineers' Association of 
the Witwatersrand, Under the nom de plume 
of " Beta " he was a frequent contributor of 
verses to " Excalibar " in the eighties. About 
this period a vohune of his verses was published 
in Scotland under the title of " Lays of Life and 
Hope," which were mostly gathered from the 
columns of local journals and papers. He is 
also the author of a number of technical articles 
on mining and engineering subjects for various 
publications, but still occasionally devotes a 
spare hotu* to the Muses. He married : first. 
Miss Jane Kerr, of Corshill, Kelwinning, in 
December, 1879; and in April, 1902, he married 
Bertha, third dau. of W. H. Roberts, of Somer- 
set House, London, and sister to Morley Roberts, 

BLELOCH, William Edwin, F.R.C.L, of 
Hazleyshaw, Albemarle St., Kensington, 
Johannesburg, and of the New Rand, and 
Athenaeum Club, London, was born in London, 
Oct. 2, 1863 ; is son of Robert Bleloch, of 
Hazleyshaw, Clackmannanshire, Scotland ; and 
was educated at Saline Public Sch., Fifeshire. 
He entered commercial life at Glasgow in 
1879 ; went to S.A. in 1889 ; spent five years 
travelling in Cape Colony, Orangia, and the 
Transvaal ; settled in Johannesbiu-g in 1894, 
and engaged in mining. On outbreak of war 
in 1899 he acted as war correspondent for the 
''Standard" with Lord Methuen's Kimberley 
Rehef Column, then with Lord Roberts' Army 
to Bloemfontein and Pretoria. He was present 
at Graspan, Modder River, Magersfontein, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Paardeberg, Poplar Grove, Driefontein, and all 
the fights up to Pretoria. He became Special 
Correspondent for the "Morning Post," Sept. 
1900, continuing to the end of the war. He wrote 
"The New South Africa," published by Heinemann 
(1901). In 1902 he served on the Commission 
appointed to inquire into the Gold Laws of the 
Transvaal, and in May, 1902, became Joint 
Manager in Johannesburg of the United South 
Africa Association, Ltd. He is a Director of 
the Federation Syndicate, Ltd., Orangia Main 
Reef, Ltd., New Transvaal Coy., Ltd., Jooste 
Claims Syndicate, Ltd., New Options Syndicate, 
Ltd., East Rand Gold Mine, and Alternate 
Director of The Premier Transvaal Diamond 
Mining Coy., Ltd. His recreations are the study 
of geology and economics. Mr. Bleloch was 
married on July 11, 1901. 

BLOMFTELD, Reab-Admibal Richard Mas- 
siE, R.N., Orders of the Osmanieh {3rd class) and 
Medjidieh (3rd class) ; of Alexandria, Egypt ; 
5, Stanley PI., Chester ; and of the United 
Service and Pall Mall Clubs, was born at Steven- 
age, Herts. Mch. 3, 1835. He is son of the late 
Rev. G. B. Blomfield, Rector of Stevenage and 
Canon of Chester Cathedral, whose brother was 
Bishop of London from 1828 to 1856, his mother 
having been Frances Maria, dau. of the Rev. 
Richard Massie, of Coddington, Cheshire. The 
present admiral was educated at the Rev. Jn. 
Seager's Private Classical Sch., at Stevenage, 
and entering the R.N. served throughout the 
Crimea as Mid-Mate and Lieut, of H.M.S. 
Agamemnon and Royal Albert, flagship of Sir 
Edmund Lyons ; was Mate of 1st launch of the 
Royal Albert, in the Azofi 'Expedition in 1855 ; and 
Capt. W. R. Mends, who commanded both these 
ships from 1853 to 1857, on giving up the com- 
mand certified that " Lieut. Blomfield is dis- 
tinguished for patience and coolness in a moment 
of trial. I have had a good opportunity of 
judging of the qualifications of officers during 
the war, and Lieut. Blorafield's are of a high 
order." (Crimean medals, Sebastopol, and Azoff 
clasps). Lieut. Blomfield was on board H.M.S. 
Hero conveying his present Majesty, when 
Prince of Wales, representing the Queen, to 
the British American Colonies and U.S.A., 
and back to Eng. in 1 860. He was selected as 
Commander of H.M.S. Agincourt when the 
Admiralty flag was first hoisted ; in Executive 
command of the Channel and Reserve Squadrons 
in Apr., 1869 ; was mem. of the Admiralty 
Confidential Torpedo Committee from May 23, 
1873, to July 28, 1876. As Capt., at the request 

of Khedive Ismail, the Admiralty appointed 
him Controller of the Port of Alexandria in 
Aug., 1878, and he held that post from May 19, 
1879, to July 1, 1901, since which date he has 
been Controller-Gen. of Egyptian Ports and 
Lighthouses. The Order of the Medjidieh 
(3rd cl.) was conferred upon him in Aug., 1883, 
and he received the Egyptian war medal, with 
Alexandria clasp, and the Egyptian star for 
services rendered to the British and Egyptian 
Govts, during the events of 1882. He was 
present during the bombardment of Alexandria 
on board H.M.S. Invincible, by invitation of the 
C.I.C., Sir B. Se5rmour, and landed with the party 
under the commander of H.M.S. Monarch to 
take possession of the forts and town on the 
morning of July, 13. Adm. Blomfield received 
an official letter from H.M. Principal Secy, of 
State for Foreign Affairs, expressing the ap- 
preciation of H.M. Govt, for the valuable 
services rendered by him to the Expeditionary 
Force in Egypt during the campaign of 1882, 
and for the zeal and ability with which he 
served his country during the operations. He 
married, July 3, 1877, Rosamond Selina, dau. 
of the late Rt. Rev. C. Graves, D.D., Bishop 
of Limerick, by whom he has two sons, Capt. 
C. G. Massie Blomfield, 6th R. Warwickshire 
Regt. (b. 1878), and H. Massie Blomfield, 
B.A., of Oriel Coll., Oxon (born 1881). 

BLYDEN, Dr. Edward W., of Sierra Leone, 
was bom in 1832 in St. Thomas, Danish West 
Indies. He is of pure negi'o blood, and went 
to the United States at the age of seventeen to 
improve his education. Being a coloured man 
he found racial feeling too strong, and accord- 
ingly he wont to the black repubUc of Liberia 
where he studied further and became a Presby- 
terian preacher. Dr. Blyden interested Mr. 
Gladstone in his schemes in 1859, and two years 
later was sent by the Liberian Govt, to the West 
Indies to encom-age a return of negroes to West 
Africa. He was accredited Minister for Liberia 
at the Court of St. James' in 1877, and again in 
1892. He has travelled in Syria and Egypt; 
has made two joiu-neys in the hinterland of 
Sierra Leone on behalf of the British Govt., 
and has lectured in the U.S.A. on Liberian affairs. 
He is opposed to the idea of the Christian faith 
being suitable for African negroes, as is shown in 
his book " Christianity, Islam, and the Negro 
Races" (1886), and has since preached the 
Mxihammedan doctrine amongst natives. In 
1895 he was appointed Agent for Native Affairs 
in Lagos. He then occupied a similar position 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


in Old Calabar, and in 1899 opened up Muhani- 
medan schools in Sierra Leone. The year 1900 
he spent as professor of languages (of which he 
speaks four) in Liberia, and in Aug., 1901, he 
was appointed Director of Muhammedan Educa- 
tion for Sierra Leone by Mr. J. Chamberlain, 
vidth the object of opening up further Moslem 
schools in that colony. Dr. B 1yd en visited 
England in 1903, and was entertained there at a 
large negro banquet. 

BOGGIE, Alexander, of Old Meldrum, 
Aberdeenshire, and Bulawayo, Rhodesia, is the 
eldest son of the late Alexander Boggie, of 
Liverpool, and his wife, M. A. E. Boggie, who 
was the only dau. of Dr Milne, of the Scottish 
Regiment, and connected with the Argyle 
family on her father's side He was born May 
8, 1861, at Liverpool, and was educated privately 
and at various public schools in Aberdeen, 
Edinburgh and London. Mr. Boggie went 
to S.A. in 1809 with his parents. Ho was 
at the Diamond Fields with his father in 1871, 
when the Kimberley Mine was discovered. He 
returned to Scotland with his mother, on the 
death of his father in 1875, and went back to 
S.A. in 1883. He joined in the rush to the 
Kaap Gold Fields in 1884 ; visited Swaziland 
in 1886, and opened negotiations with Um- 
bandine, the Swazi King, with a view to getting 
a gold concession in his country. This he suc- 
ceeded in doing, and as soon as this became 
publicly known the rush for concessions to 
Swaziland took place. In 1888 he visited the 
King of the Matabele on a similar errand. He 
was through the Matabele Rebellion, and during 
the late S.A. War acted as Special Correspon- 
dent for the Rhodesian Press in the Natal 
Campaign. Ever since the occupation of 
Rhodesia he has taken an interest in its affairs, 
both commercial and otherwise. He is on the 
local board of several gold mining, land, and 
other companies in Bulawayo. He is also on 
the board of most of the local pubUc bodies of 
that town. At various times he has taken part 
in hunting and exploring expeditions to various 
parts of S.A. 

BOLUS, GiLLHAM, of Maldivia, Wynberg, 
Cape Colony, and of the City, and Civil Service 
Clubs (C.T.), and the Rand Club, is eldest son of 
Walter Bolus, of Boiu-nemouth, Hants. He 
was bom at Fort Elizabeth, Oct 11, 18G3, and 
was educated at King's Sch., Canterbury. 
He married, July 23, 1889, Maud Constance, 
4th dau. of Arthur Gates, J. P. for Cape Colony. 

BONHAM, Capt. Walter Floyd, D.S.O., 
Essex Regt., of Arthmr's, Junior United Service, 
and Bath Clubs, is the eldest son of the late 
Edward W. Bonham, H.B.M.'s Consul at Calais. 
He was born Jan. 3, 1869, at Naples, Italy, 
and was educated at Charterhouse, and the 
Royal Military Coll., Sandhurst. Capt. Bonham 
entered the Army 1899, and graduated at the 
Staff Coll., 1899. He served throughout the 
S.A. War, and was twice mentioned in des- 
patches, and awarded the D.S.O. In Dec, 
1902, he was selected to raise and command 100 
Boers for service in SomaMland. The Boer 
Contingent under his command sailed from 
Durban on Jan. 15, 1903, and landed at Obbia, 
in Italian Somaliland, on Jan. 22. The Con- 
tingent formed part of the advanced flying 
colunin throughout Gen. Manning's operations, 
being present at the occupation of Galkaya 
Wells, on March 4 ; Dudub, March 29, and the 
captiire of Galadi, March 31. On the night of the 
Gumburru disaster, April 17, 60 of the Boer 
Contingent, under Capt. Bonham, formed part of a 
small mounted force which made a successful 
march to the relief of Col. Cobbe. The Con- 
tingent, at the conclusion of their six months' 
engagement, returned to S.A. in July, 1903. 
For his services with the Contingent Capt. 
Bonham was promoted to the rank of Brevet 
Major. Urmiarried. 

BONHAM-CARTER, Edg.\r ; Order of the 
Osmanieh(3rd class) ; of Khartoum, of 5, Hyde 
Park Square, London, and of the United 
University Club ; was born in London, Apr. 2, 
1870. He is son of Henry Bonham-Carter and 
Sibella, dau. of Geo. Warde Norman. He was 
educated at Clifton Coll. and New Coll., Oxon., 
where he distinguished himself at football, 
having been a member of the Oxford Universitv 
Rugby Football XV in 1890 and 1891, whUst 
in 1890 he played in the English Rugby team v. 
Scotland. Mr. Bonham-Carter is a Barrister of 
Lincoln's Inn ; was appointed Legal Secy, to 
the Sudan Govt., and Judicial Commissioner in 
1899, and is the author of a note on the History 
of Legislation in Great Britain relating to 
AlcohoUc Liquors, published in the Report of 
Lord Peel's Commission. L^nmarried. 

BOSHOF, Frederick, of the Waterberg 
District, Transvaal, was bom at Philippolis, 
O.R.C., in 1848. His father fought at Boom- 
plaats, and then trekked across the Vaal to the 
northernmost corner of the Waterberg, where 
young Boshof was brought up ajnongst only 



Anglo- African Who's Who 

semi-eivilized surroundings. He served the 
Hervormde Church for eight years as deacon, 
and for four years as elder, and in 1891 was 
elected to the Second Volksraad of the S.A.R. 
as member for Waterberg, in which he sat as an 
uncompromising supporter of the Govt. 

BOTHA, Revd.J. B.,a wavering minister of 
the Dutch Reformed Church, who apologized 
to the Afrikander Bond for having urged the 
people to accept British rule and declaring that 
the continued resistance of the Boers was an 

BOTHA, J. N. P., was senior member of the 
Cape Legislative Assembly for Aliwal North 
until the general election of 1904, when he did 
not seek re-election. 

BOTHA, P. M., a farmer of the Kroonstad 
District, O.R.C., was elected member of the Free 
State Volksraad in May, 1879. 

BOTHA, Hon. R. P. ; was born in the 
Swellendam dist., C.C. ; was elected member 
of the Capo Legislative Council in 1883 ; was 
returned to the House of Assembly in 1895 ; 
and subsequently represented the Midland 
Province in the Cape Legislative Council. He 
is an ardent Afrikander of independent views, 
and was once Pres. of the Bond. 

BOURKE; Edmund Francis, M.L.C, of Bar- 
ton Keep, Pretoria, and of the Pretoria, Durban, 
and City (Cape To\vn) Clubs ; is the eldest son of 
John Bourke, one of the early colonists of Natal. 
He was educated at private schools, and at 
Maritzburg High School. He received his busi- 
ness training in Natal, and went to the Transvaal 
early in 1887 — before annexation ; returned to 
Natal for a short time in 1878, and settled finally 
in Pretoria in 1879. Immediately taking an 
interest in municipal affairs, he was elected a 
member of the first Pretoria Municipality. This 
election was cancelled upon the retrocession of 
the Transvaal in 1881. In spite of taking an 
active part in the mercantile business of Bom'ke 
& Co., and other commercial undertakings, and 
of being an active Director on the Board of the 
National Bank prior to the war, he devoted him- 
self with great energy and public spirit to many 
pubhc and philanthropic institutions. Before 
the occupation of the British he interested him- 
self very largely in the hospitals and nursing 

homes, where his administrative and business 
abilities were of the utmost value. 

Dm-ing some months of the war he served as 
Acting Burgomaster of Pretoria under Gen. Sir 
J. G. Maxwell, and was appointed to a seat in the 
Legislative Council of the Transvaal after tho 
war. He is now Chm. of the Pretoria Chamber of 
Commerce, Pres. of the Irish Association, Chm. 
of the Bourke Trust & Estate Co., and of several 
mercantile concerns, and was elected Mayor of 
Pretoria at the end of 1903. 

Mr. Bourke has also been associated pro- 
minently with all athletic sports. It was 
mainly through his efforts that the visits of the 
EngUsh Professionals, BrockwelJ, Trott, and 
Braund to Pretoria took place. Mr. Bourke 
married. May 18, 1881, Eleanor, third dau. of 
Henry Griffin, of Woodford, Maritzburg, Natal. 

BOUSFIELD, LiEUT.-CoL. Henry Richings, 
C.M.G., J.P., of St. Andrew's St., Durban, and 
the Durban and Royal Natal Yacht Clubs, was 
born at Winchester, Hants, May 3, 1863, and 
is the eldest son of the late Rt. Rev. Henry 
Brougham Bousfield, D.D., Bishop of Pre- 
toria, was educated at All Hallowes, Honiton and 
Sherborne. He was attached to H.M. Ordnance 
Dept., Transvaal, 1879-80 (Zulu and Sukukeri 
wars) ; joined the Transvaal Civil Service (Col. 
Secy's. Dept.), 1880, and was employed on 
staff duties during the siege of Pretoria in the 
Boer War of 1880-1 ; attached Acct.-Gen.'s 
Dept. of the Army at Pretoria, Aug. 1881, and 
was appointed to the Natal Civil Service in the 
following Sept. Subsequently he became Chief 
Clerk and Registrar of the Circuit Court ; J.P. 
for the County, 1886 ; and acting Magistrate 
in Durban in 1889. He resigned the Natal 
Civil Service in Oct., 1890, and was called to 
the Bar of the Inner Temple in Nov., 1892. He 
was admitted Advocate of the Supreme Coiu-ts 
of Natal (1893), and the Cape of Good Hope 
(1899), and was Commissioner in Natal of the 
Supreme Court of the Transvaal in 1902. 

He joined the Royal Durban Rifles as Lieut, 
in 1886, was Capt. in Natal Royal Rifles 1888, 
receiving his majority and the command of 
the Durban Light Infantry in 1893, and trans- 
ferred to the Reserve, Natal Volunteers, 1895. 
During the S.A. War he acted as Station Staff 
Officer at Durban, 1899-1900, being mentioned 
in despatches and receiving the C.M.G., 1902. 
Col. Bousfield has now retired from the service. 
He married, Apr. 22, 1890, Coral, second dau. 
of the late Rt. Hon. Sir Harrv Escombe, P.C., 
Q.C., LL.D., M.L.A., late Premier of Natal. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


BOWRING, Charles Calvert, of Mombasa, 
E. Africa ; was educated at Clifton Coll., and 
joined the Colonial Audit Branch of Exchecjuer 
and Audit Dept., Jan. 20, 1890 ; was sent to 
Hong Kong, Dec. 12, 1897 , Local Auditor 
British Central Africa, Sept. 7, 1895 ; Local 
Auditor East African Protectorate and Uganda 
Railway, Juno 5, 1899 ; and was appointed 
Treasm'er of the East African Protectorate, 
Oct. 1, 1901. Mr. Bowring was awarded the 
Hong Kong Gold Plague Medal, 1894. 

BOYD, CH.utLE.s Walter, of 1, Whitehall 
Gardens, Lond., S.W., and of the Garrick and 
National Clubs, is son of the late Very Rev. 
A. K. H. Boyd, D.D., of St. Andrew's, N.B., 
where he was born Apr. 11, 1869. Educated at 
Fettes Coll., Edin., and at Edinburgh University, 
he read for the Scottish Bar, but drifted into 
journalism, contributing articles to the " Saturday 
Review," "Times," and various other journals 
and magazines. From 1 895-97 he was Priv. Secy. 
to the Rt. Hon. G. Wyndham, M.P., and from 
1897-98 he acted in a similar capacity to Dr. 
L. S. Jameson. He was also for some time 
Political Secy, to the late Rt. Hon. C. J. Rhodes. 
He is now Joint Secy, of the Rhodes Trust, 
Mem. of the Executive of the Imperial S.A. 
Assoc, and Mem. of the Committee of the S..-\. 
Colonization Soc, and of the Victoria League. 

BOYD, Henry Crawford, of the Rand Club, 
Johannesburg, and of tlie Caledonian and 
National Clubs, London, is 5th and j'oungest 
son of the late Very Rev. A. K. H. Boyd, D.D., 
of St. Andrews, N.B., where he was born, 
Sept. 26, 1870. He was educated at Fettes Coll., 
Edin., and is at present on the staff of Messrs. 
H. Eckstein & Co. of Johannesburg. 

BOYLES, George J., of Bulawayo ; originally 
came from Lady Frere, Cape Colony ; joined the 
Border Horse in the late S.A. W"ar ; was taken 
prisoner and released after four months' captivity 
by Gen. French at Nooitgedacht. He then 
continued fighting on the British side, and gained 
a Lieutenant's Commission. 

BRABANT, Brig.-Gen., Sir Edward Yewd, 
K.C.B.,C.M.G.,of Goimubie Park, East London, 
Cape Colony, and of the Naval and Military 
Club ; was born in 1839, and has had a long 
and distinguished career in politics and arms. 
He entered the 2nd Derby Militia as Ensign in 
1855, and joined the Cape Mounted Rifles with 

similar rank in 1855, from which he retired on 
half pay with Captain's rank in 1870. He 
entered the arena of politics as M.L.A. for East 
London in 1873, and was re-elected in the 
following year. In 1878, he was appointed 
P'ield-Commandant of the Cape Colonial Forces ; 
became Colonel of the 1st Cape Yeomanry in 
1879 ; was made C.M.G. in 1880 ; was re-elected 
member for East London in 1882, and again in 
1888. He was a member of the Defence Com- 
mission in 1896, and in 1897 was Pres. of the 
South African I^eague. Gen. Brabant served 
through the S.A. War, at first in command of the 
Colonial Division and subsequently as Inspector- 
Gen, of the Colonial Defence I'orce, until the end 
of 1901, when he retired under the new scheme 
of Colonial Defence (despatches, medal, and 
clasps). He resimaed his duties in the Cape 
Parliament, and soon after seceded from his 
old pohtical leader Sir Gordon Sprigg, and joined 
the new Progressive party under Dr. Smaart, 
with whom he was associated in connection with 
the Suspension movement. He resigned his 
seat in Parliament on his re-appointment in 
Dec, 1902, to the command of the Cape Colonial 
Forces, from which he retired in 1904. He was 
a keen sympathiser with the loyalists who suffered 
from the effects of the war, and marked his 
departure from England after the Coronation by 
the public declaration that " Loyalty does not 
pay." Gen. Brabant married Mary Burnet, 
dau. of the Rev. Canon Robertson, of Canter- 

BRADFIELD, Hon. John Linden, M.L.C, 
J. P., of Dordrecht, Cape Colony ; was bom in 
1838. He is senior partner in the firm of Brad- 
field & Bro., law agents, of Dordrecht, and a 
deputy sheriff for the Wodehouse Division. He 
was member of the Tembuland Commission in 
1882 ; represented Wodehouse in the House of 
Assembly from 1873 to 1883, and was elected to 
the Legislative Council as member for the 
Eastern Province in 1891. Mr. Bradfield is a 

BRADFORD, Thomas, was born in 1877. He 
is a professional hunter who has been in some of 
the wildest parts of Africa. In six months with 
two guns he shot 2,780 of heavy game, including 
elephants, lions, hippopotami, giraffes, leopards, 
rhinoceroses, etc. At his headquarters in Africa 
he has the carcase of an elephant that stands 
1 5 ft. 9 in. high — said to be the largest elephant 
ever shot. Mr, Bradford served throughout the 
S.A. War (1899-02) in a Colonial Corps. 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

BRAMSTON, Sir John, Knt., G.C.M.G., C.B., 
of 18, Berkelej^ Place, Wimbledon, and of the 
Travellers' Chib ; is descended from Sir John 
Bramston, Knt., Chief Justice of England in the 
time of Charles I., and is the second son of T. W. 
Bramston, of Skreens, M.P. for South Essex. 
He was born at Skreens, Nov. 14, 1832 ; 
was educated at Winchester, and Balliol Coll., 
Oxon., Fel. of All Souls' Coll., 1855. Sir John 
Bramston has had a very distinguished career. 
He was Private Sec. to the Governor of 
Queensland, 1860-1 ; M.L.C. Queensland, 
1863-9 ; Attorney-Gen. of Queensland, 1870-3 ; 
Attornev-Gen. of Hong Kong, 1874-6 ; Assistant 
Under Secy, of State, Colonial Office, 1876-97"; 
and is Registrar of the Order of St. IMichael and 
St. George, 1892. Sir John married, Dec. 14, 
1872, Eliza Isabella, dau. of the Rev. Harry 
Vane Russell. 

BRANSON, Mrs. Kuhne, the well known 
sculptor, better known as Mrs. Beveridge, of 
89, Park St., Mayfair, is the dau. of Phils Judson 
Beveridge and Ella Beveridge, now Baroness 
von Wrede. She was born at Governor's 
Mansions, 111., U.S.A. on Oct. 31, 1878, and was 
educated at Dresden, New York, and Paris. 
Her works include a monument of Rough Riders 
charging San Juan, and she has executed statues 
of Grover, Cleveland, Sarah Bernhardt, Cecil 
Rhodes, Major Ricard-Seaver, E. Windsor 
Richards, Hon. M. W. Elphinstone, Tom L. 
Johnson, William Jennings Bryan, H. H. Marks, 
M.P., Buffalo Bill, and many others. Her 
statvie of Rhodesia is considered a very fine work 
of art. She married William Branson, of 
Johannesburg, Aug. 25, 1903. 

BREBNER, John ; is eldest son of the Rev. 
John Brebner (died Nov., 1902), at one time 
Minister of Education for the O.F.S. He 
was Minister of Finance for the late S.A.R., 
and was one of the signatories of the Peace 

BRECKER, B. G. ; was born in Namaqua- 
land ; was educated at the S.A. Coll., and went 
to the S.A.R. in 1875, trekking through the 
Kalahari, Kimberley and the Free States, and 
settling in Utrecht Dist. He served in the Zulu 
War " for money," and in the Transvaal War 
for his adopted country. In 1884 he joined the 
filibusters who founded the New Republic, after- 
wards incorporated with the Transvaal, and 
recently tacked on to Natal. He was elected 
for Vryheid in the Transvaal Second Volksraad^; 

was balloted out of the Raad in 1891, but waa 
afterwards re-elected by a large majority. 

BRETTON, Lord Monk ; formerly in the 
service of the Foreign Office, and was attached 
to the Embassies in Paris and Constantinople 
before he became Assist. Private Sec. to 
the late Lord Salisbury. His lordship subse- 
quently occupied an important position in the 
I Colonial Office, and accompanied Mr. Chamber- 
j lain as Principal Private Sec. on his S.A. tour 
in 1902. 

I BROAD WOOD, Col. (Temp. Brig.-Gkn.) 
i Robert George C.B. (Mihtary), 4th Class 
j Osmanieh, of the Naval and Military Club, ; waa 
born in London, Mar. 14, 1862 ; is son of Thos. 
[ Broadwood, of Hohnbush, Crawley, and was 
educated at Charterhouse and Sandliurst, passing 
into the 12th Lancers in 1881. He joined the 
Egyptian Army in 1892, and served through the 
Dongola expedition in 1896 (despatches, Brev. 
of Lt.-Col., Egyptian medal with 2 clasps and 
medal). In the Nile Expedition of 1897 and 
1898 he was present at the action of Abu Hamed, 
the occupation of Berber, and the battles of the 
Atbara and Khartoum (despatches, Osmanieh, 
4 clasps to Egvptian medal, and medal). In 
S.A., 1899-1902, after commanding the 2nd 
S.A.L.H. he commanded the 2nd Cavalry 
Brigade with rank of Brig. -Gen. He was 
several times mentioned in despatches ; was 
appointed A.D.C. to the King, and received the 
King's medal with 2 clasps, and the C.B. Col. 
Broadwood is now in command of the troops in 

BRODIE, Douglas Edward ; of 2, London 
Wall Buildings, Lend., and of the Bachelors' 
Club, Lond., was born in Aug. 1873 ; 
was educated at Winchester, and entered the 
service of the B.S.A. Co. in 1897. He was 
appointed Joint Asst. Secy, of the Chartered Co. 
and Joint Secy, to the Rhodes Trust in 1902. 

BROOKS, F. G. ; was educated at Bedford 
Gram. Sch. He is a well known athlete, and 
has played in international football. He went 
to S.A. in Oct., 1902 to take up an appointment 
in the Rhodesian Civil Service. 

BROWN, Alfred Forbes, of Khartoum, 
and of the East India, United Service and the 
Alpine Clubs ; was born at Treveandrom, Tra- 
vancore, India, Apr. 27, 1858. He is youngest 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


son of the late John Allan Brown, F.R.S., late 
Director of Observatories, Travancore, and was 
educated at Lausanne, Stuttgart, Paris, at 
University Coll. and Sch., London, and at the 
French Forest Sch., Nancy. Passing into the 
Indian Forest Service in Nov., 1877, he was 
appointed to the N.W. Provinces, Oudh, Dec, 
1880, as Asst. Conservator of Forests. In July, 
1888, his services were lent to the Burmese 
Govt., and he was again lent in Dec. of that 
year to the Govt, of Ceylon. In Dec, 1891, he 
was appointed Conservator of Forests, Ceylon, and 
in Dec, 1901, he became Director of Woods and 
Forests under the Sudan Govt. His sports are 
big game shooting, moiintaineering, and lawn 
tennis. He married, Oct. 4, 1892, Emily Hilda 
Mahala, youngest dau. of the late James Howard, 
J.P., of Clapham Park, Beds, at times M.P. for 
Beds or Bedford, 

BROAVN, J. Frank, formerly of Pietermaritz- 
burg, was appointed Postmaster-Gen. of the 
Transvaal under the British Administration. 

BRO"V\rN, John, C.M.G., of the Thatch, 
Rondebosch, C.C. ; and of the Civil Service 
(C.T.) and Kimberley Clubs. ; was born 
Apr. 27, 1844 ; is eldest son of the late John 
Brown, of Slarlborough, Wilts ; was educated 
at Streatham, and was articled as pupil to the 
late Sir John Coode at Portland Breakwater, 
and served under him as Engineer in charge of 
the River Barm Navigation Works in Ireland. 
He was for some time engaged on the Bristol and 
Exeter Railway imder Mr. Francis Fox, and for 
the last 30 years has been engaged on the Cape 
Govt. Railways. He married, Dec. 3, 1867, 
Miss Augusta Sarah Rhodes. 

BROWN, John Louis Mitchell, of Cape 
Town ; was born at Cape Town in 1835 ; was 
educated at the Normal PubHc Sch. and at 
J. Gillard's Academy. Since 18G0 he has taken 
an interest in aU matters political and social. 
He was Town Councillor in 1880-81, unsuccess- 
fully contested Cape Town in 1884, but was 
elected for that constituency in 1 894. He was 
for many years an active member of the Cape 
Town Chamber of Commerce. 

BRUCE, Col. David, R.A.M.C, F.R.S., of 
68, Victoria St., S.W., was born at Victoria, 
Australia, May 29, 1855, and is son of David 
Bruce, who put up the first quartz crushing 
naill in B«>ndigo about 1855. Col. Bruce was 

educated at the High Sch., Stirling, N.B., and 
Edin. University, where he took his M.B., CM., 
and the Cameron Prize. He entered the R.A.M.C. 
in Aug. 1883, served in Malta from 1884-9, and 
while there worked at Malta fever, discovering 
its cause in the Micrococcus Melitensis. He 
taught pathology and bacteriology in the Army 
Med. Sch:, Netley, from 1889-94; served 
in S.A. from 1894—1901, two years of which 
(1895-6) he spent in Zululand investigating the 
Nagana or Tsetse Fly disease. In the S.A. 
War he was at the siege of Ladysmith, and was 
with Gen. Buller in his march to Belfast. He 
was member of the Parliamentary Comm. to 
investigate the cause of dysentery and enteric 
fever in the Army. He received special pro- 
motion (medal, 7 clasps) : was appointed mem- 
ber of the Advisory Board, War Office, 1901, and 
Director of the Sleeping Sickness Comm., Royal 
Society, Uganda, 1903 ; became Col. Dec 10, 
1903. Col. Bruce was married in 1883 to Miss 
Mary Elizabeth Steele, of Reigate, Surrey. 

BRYCE, Right Hon. James, P.C, D.C.L., 
LL.D., F.R.S., M.P. for Aberdeen, of 54, Port- 
land Place, London, and Hindleap, Sussex, and 
of the Athenseiim and National Liberal Clubs ; 
is the son of James Brice, LL.D., and Margaret, 
dau. of James Yoimg, was born at Belfast, 
March 10, 1838, and was educated at High 
Sch. and Univ. of Glasgow, Trinity Coll., Oxon, 
and became Fel. of Oriel Coll. , Oxon ; graduating 
D.C.L. of Oxon., Hon. Lit.D. of Camb. and of 
Victoria Univ., and Hon. LL.D. of Edin., 
Glasgow, St. Andrew's and Michigan Univer- 
sities ; Doctor of Political Science of Univ. of 
Buda Pest. Prof. Bryce was called to the Bar 
of Lincoln's Inn in 1867, and practised as 
Barrister for several years. He has had a 
distinguished political career, entering Parlia- 
ment in 1880 as member for Tower Hamlets, 
and has represented Aberdeen in the Liberal 
interest since 1885. He was Under Secy, at the 
Foreign Office (1886), and thereafter Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster in Mr. Gladstone's 
Cabinet of 1892 ; was Pres. of the Board of 
Trade, 1894, and Chairman of the Royal Com- 
mission on Secondary Education in 1894. The 
following year he made a hurried tour of 
S.A., including a trip through Rhodesia, and 
recorded his " Impressions of South Africa " in 
1S97. He has also written books on a variety 
of different subjects, his last work being " Studies 
in Contemporary Biographies " (1903). In 1904 
he was unanimously elected to the French 
Academy in the place of the late Prof. Lecky. 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

He married, July 23, 1889, Elizabeth Marion, 
dau. of Thomas Ashton, of Fordbank, near 

BRYDEN, Henry Andeeson, of Down 
View, Gore Park Road, Eastbourne, and the 
Constitutional Club, S.W., son of the late Wm. 
Anderson Bryden, of Surbiton, Surrey, and 
Maria, dau. of the late Wm. Cowper, of 
Boddington, Northants, was born in Oxford- 
shire in 1854, and educated at Cheltenham 
Coll. and at the Rev. Brackenbury's, Wimble- 
don. In his younger days he was known 
as an athlete, representing England against 
Scotland (Rugby rules), and winning some 
forty prizes, chiefly for long-distance running. 
He first visited S.A. in 1876, when he 
resided in some remote and wild mountain 
country near the eastern extremity of the Great 
Karroo, interesting himself much in sport and 
natural liistory. Has since visited many other 
parts of S.A., mainly in search of sport, 
nature, and wild life. Has resided in British 
Bechuanaland, traversed the Protectorate and 
Khama's country, crossed and shot through the 
Northern Kalahari, and hunted big game in 
Ngamiland, where he had much success. Has 
travelled in the Transvaal, O.R.C., and many 
parts of Cape Colony. His travels in Ngami- 
land and the Kalahari were utilized by the War 
Office, and various desert waters, places and 
roads, now found in the maps of the Intelligence 
Department, are the results of his observations. 
Is a keen angler, and has fished much in Norway 
and elsewhere. Was a member of the South 
African Committee, formed during the Bechu- 
analand troubles in the eighties, and served 
thereon in company with Mr. Chamberlain, 
Mr. H. Arnold-Forster, Sir Thomas Fowell 
Buxton, the late Rev. John Mackenzie, and 
others. When Khama came to England in 
1895 to protest against his country being dis- 
membered and handed over to the Chartered 
Company, Mr. Bryden lent the aid of his pen 
towards the objects of the Chief's visits. In 
the result Khama's country remains— as the 
Chief and his people desired — under direct 
Imperial control. Mr. Bryden has written 
much on S.A. Among his books are 
to be mentioned " Kloof and Karroo " (1889), 
" Gun and Camera in Southern Africa " (1893), 
' ' Tales of South Africa " (1896), " Nature and 
Sport in South Africa " (1897), " The Victorian 
Era in South Africa " (1897), " An Exiled Scot " 
(1899), "Great and Small Game of Africa" 
editor and part author, 1899), " From Veldt 

Camp-Fires" (1900), "Animals of Africa" 
(1901), "A History of South Africa," and 
" Don Duarte's Treasure" (1903). Mr. Bry- 
den is greatly interested in all kinds of field 
sports, and has published, in addition, " Hare 
Hunting and Harriers" (1903), "How to Buy 
a Gun " (part author, 1903), and " Nature and 
Sport in Britain " (1903). His main recreations 
are natural history, shooting, fishing, hunting, 
lawn tennis, and cycling. He married, 1881, 
Julia, daughter of the late J. P. Wright, of 
Priors Marston, Warwickshire. 

BRYTENBACH, Isaac Johann ; sat in the 
Second Volksraad as member for Lydenburg, 
Transvaal. He almost invariably voted with 
the Conservatives. 

BUCHAN, John, of 3, Temple Gardens, 
London, E.G., and of the Bachelors, Union, and 
Vincent's (Oxford) Clubs, is the eldest son of 
the Rev. John Buchan and Helen, dau. of John 
Masterton, of Broughton Green, Peeblesshire, 
He was born at Perth, N.B., on Aug. 26, 1875, 
and was educated at Glasgow Univ. and at Coll., Oxford, whei*e he graduated 
B.A., and took the Stanhope Prize, the New- 
digate Prize ; 1st class Lit. Hum., and was Pres. 
of the Oxford Union. When he left Oxford he 
acted for some time as Assis. Ed. of the " Spec- 
tator." He had then the good fortvme to be- 
come Assist. Private See. to Lord Milner in 
1901, and retained the position until 1903. In 
the latter year he was appointed Acting Com- 
missioner of Lands in the Transvaal, and Acting 
Sec. to the Inter-Colonial Council of the 
Transvaal and O.R.C. Amongst his published 
works are several novels, " A Monograph on Sir 
Walter Raleigh " (1S97), a " History of Brasenose 
College" (1898), and " Tlie African Colony: 
Studies in the Reconstruction" (1903). His 
recreations are shooting, fishing, mountaineering 
and travel. 

BUCHANAN, James Macdonald ; son of 
the late Justice BtrcHANAN of Griqualand 
West ; married Elizabeth, eldest dau. of Sir 
Pieter Faure (1902). 

BUCKNILL, John Alexandeb Steachey, 
M.A., J.P., of the Pretoria Club, was born at 
Clifton, Bristol, Sept. 14, 1873 ; was educated 
at Charterhouse and Keble Coll., Oxen, and is a 
Barrister-at-Law of the Inner Temple. He has 
filled the appointments of Commissioner of 
Patents, Registrar of Trade Marks, ar d Regis- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


trar of Companies for the Transvaal, June, 1902 ; 
was appointed J. P. for the Transvaal in 1902, 
and member of the committee of the Transvaal 
Zoological Gardens in the same year. He is the 
author of " Birds of Surrey," and other ornitholo- 
gical publications. He married, Sept. 18, 1901, 
AUce Mary, youngest dau. of the late Admiral 
Sir Geo. Richards, K.C.B. 

BULLOCK, Col. George Mackworth, C.B., 
of the Junior United Service Club, is son of 
T. H. Bullock, Deputy Commissioner at 
Berar, India, where Geo. Bullock was born, 
Aug. 15, 1850. He was educated at Cheltenham 
Coll., University Coll., Oxford, and the R.M.C., 
Sandhurst, passing into the old 11th Foot in 1872. 
He cormnanded the 2nd Devons from Jan., 1897, 
to Nov., 1900, and arrived in S.A. from India, 
where he held several staff appointments, in 
time to take part in the relief of Ladysmith 
and battle of Colenso. He afterwards com- 
manded the Sub-Dist. of Volksrust, and from 
Apr., 1901, until the end of the war he com- 
manded a colimfin (despatches, brev. of Col., 
Queen's medal with 3 clasps. King's medal with 
2 clasps, C.B.). Proceeding to Egypt, Col. 
Bullock acted as A.A.G. from Nov. 1902, to 
Mar. 31, 1903, when he was appointed C.S.O., 
Egypt. He married Jxme 5, 1884, Amy Isabel, 
dau. of Jas. Fred Thomson. 

BURGER, SCHALK W., was member of the 
Volksraad for Lydenbiu-g, and member of the 
Executive Council of the late S.A.R. He 
was Chairman of the Industrial Commission 
appointed to inquire into conditions of the 
mining industry. The report was a general 
condemnation of evils under which the pros- 
perity of the country languished, and many 
progressive recommendations were made. The 
President characterized Mr. Burger as a traitor 
to his country for having signed such a report, 
which was no doubt framed with an honest desire 
to remove abuses and to introdiice concessions 
which would benefit both the mining industry 
and the State. He became Acting-Presi- 
dent of the S.A.R. after Mr. Kriiger's flight to 

BURGHER, Jacobus Johannes ; was born 
in Lydenburg, Transvaal, in 1848, his father 
having been a prominent man in the old Re- 
public of Lydenbiu-g. At the time of the 
annexation he was one of the Committee who 
kept the spirit of "passive resistance" alive 
until the time for striking a blow arrived. In 

the war of independence he fought as Field- 
Comet at Majuba and Laing's Nek. In 1882 he 
was elected to the Raad for Lydenburg, and 
when the Second Raad was formed in 1891 he 
was returned for Ermelo, and was unanimously 
elected Chairman of the New Chamber. " Oom 
Kootje," as he is called, is a member of the 
United Dutch Reformed Church. 

BURNHAM, Major F. R., was born in the 
United States. He took part in the first Mata- 
bele War (1893), and was one of the only two 
who escaped from Allan Wilson's fatal Shangani 
patrol. In 1895 he took charge of an expedi- 
tion to N. Rhodesia. He rendered some fine 
scouting services during the second Matabele 
War (1896), when he was credited with having 
shot the M'Limo. In 1899 he visited Klon- 
dyke, and is now representing the East African 
Synd., of which he is Managing Director, near 
the Anglo-German frontier line on Lake Victoria. 
His home is in America, and he has a son in the 
U.S. Army. 

BURNS, Leonard BALFOUR,of Parrock Wood , 
Coleman's Hatch, Tunbridge Wells, and the 
Royal Thames Yacht Club, was born in 1854. 
He visited Natal, the Rand and Kimberley in 
1889, and subsequently became associated with 
Sir Charles Metcalfe, Mr. B. B. Trench and 
others in the formation of the S.A. Trust and 
Finance Coy., Ltd., of which he remained a 
director untd its absorption by the Johannes- 
burg Consolidated Invest. Coy. He has been 
a Director of the Van Ryn Gold Mines for many 
years, is on the Board of the Wassan and other 
W. African Cos., and is interested in some 
Rhodesian enterprises. 

BURTON, A., R.E., late Editor of the 
" Cape Government Agricultural Journal," 
was appointed (1902) editor of the " Agricultural 
Joiu-nal," a journal started under the auspices 
of the Transvaal Agricultural Department. He 
has written an account of the Cape Colony's 
urban and rural industries, entitled " Cape 
Colony for Settlers " (P. S. King & Son). 

BURTON, Henry, M.L.A., represents Albert 
in the Cape Legislative Assembly, for which 
constituency he was retiu-ned unopposed in the 
Bond interest in Nov., 1902, and again in Feb., 

CALDECOTT, Harry Stratford, F.R.G.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Johannesburg and the Rand Club, 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

was bom at Port Elizabeth, Nov. 24, 1846 ; is 
3rd son of the late Hon. Chas. Henry Caldecott, 
M.L.C., of Grahamstown, and was educated at 
the Diocesan Coll, Rondebosch, and St. 
Andrew's CoU, Grahamstown. He is a 
Director of the Johannesburg Consolidated 
Investment Co., Johannesburp; Estate Co., 
Glynn's Lydenburg, and other Cos. He is also 
Chairman of the Witwatersrand Council of 
Education, and Member of the Technical 
Institute recently appointed by Govt. During 
the late S.A. War, Mr. Caldecott rendered good 
service in many ways, especially as Chairman 
of the Uitlander Committee in Natal, and later 
as Commandant of the Boer Refugee Women's 
Camp at Howick, for whose comfort as well as 
for the physical and mental education of their 
children he worked indefatigably. He married, 
Mch. 1876, Martha Johanna, dau. of the late 
J. J. Sauer, of Aliwal North. 

CALVERLEY, Joseph Ernest Goodfllow, 
C.M.G. (1901), of 10, Earl's Avenue, Folkestone, 
was bom in London, in March, 1872. He was 
educated at Dulwich Coll. and received his 
medical training at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 
graduating M.D., B.S. Lend., M.R.C.S. Eng., 
and L.R.C.P. Lend. 

He served in the S.A. War during 1899-1900, 
attached to the Portland Hospital, receiving the 
C.M.G. in connexion with services then rendered. 
He married, July 27, 1901, Miss Evel}^ Donee t. 

CAMPBELL, Marshall, M.L.C, J.P., of 
Mount Edgecombe, Natal, and of the Durban 
Club ; is the son of William Caixipbell, of 
Muckle Neuk. He was born July 10, 1848, and 
was educated in Natal. Mr. Campbell landed 
in Natal when eighteen months old. His father 
was one of the first to start the sugar industry 
in the Colony of Natal, which he has successfully 
continued to the present time. He built the 
Natal Refinery and the Tongaat Central Sugar 
Co.'s Estate, of which at one time he was half 
owner. Mr. Marshall Campbell was M.L.C. 
when Natal was a Crown Colony. On Natal 
being given responsible government, he was 
nominated for the Upper House for Victoria 
Country, which seat he holds to the present day. 
He was asked by Gen. Buller to collect 
Indian stretcher bearers during the war, and 
sent 600 to Colenso and 700 to Spion Kop. 
Mr. Campbell was appointed as the Natal Com- 
missioner in the Natal-Transvaal Boundary 
Delimitation Conmaission. For the excellent 
work he did while on this CommisBion he re- 

ceived the thanks of Lord Milner and the 
Govt. He has been appointed as one of 
the two Natal Commissioners on the South 
African Native Commission. He is largely 
interested in the Natal Estates Co., Ltd., holding 
the position of Managing Director ; he is also 
acting Chairman of the Tongaat Central Sugar 
Co., Ltd., and the Molassine Meal Co., Ltd., 
and is Director of the Elandslaagte, Ltd. 
Mr. Campbell has travelled largely in S.A, 
and in 1871 left the Cape for the Victoria Falls, 
but just failed to reach them tlirough fever and 
scarcity of water. In the early days he shot a 
great deal over Zululand, and won the cup given 
by the Natal Gun Club for the best shot in 1871. 
He married, in 1877, Ellen Blame5^ 

CAMPBELL, Capt. Samuel George, Natal 
Vol. Med. Corps, J.P., of Carndonagh, Musgrave 
Road, Durban, and the Durban Club, was born 
at Muckle Neuk, Victoria Co., Natal, July 25, 
1881. He is the son of William Campbell, of 
Muckle Neuli, a Natal sugar planter, and was 
educated at Hermansberg, and Bishop's Coll., 
Natal, and at Edinburgh and Vienna Universi- 
ties, graduating M.D. Edin., F.R.C.S. Edin., 
M.R.C.S. Lond., and D.P.H. Edin. He served 
in the Natal Civil Service as Dist. Siu-geon and 
Indian Med. Officer 1883-5 ; was Med. Officer 
of Health, Durban, 1890-1902, and served with 
the Natal Volunteer Med. Corps during the Boer 
War (Siege of Ladysmith). He is member of 
the Durban Hospital Board, and J. P. (Natal). 

Capt. Campbell played in the Rugby Fifteen 
at Edin. L^niversity in 1879, and was elected 
Capt. of the Diu-ban Polo Club, 1903. He 
married, in 1886, Margaret W., da\i. of Jas. 
Dunnachie, J.P., of Glenboig, Scotland. 

CANNELL, Cameron Corlett, F.R.G.S., 
M.R.C.I., of Heatherdene, Bagshot, of SaUsbury 
House, London, E.C., and of the Blenheim, 
Sunningdale Golf, and other Clubs, was born 
at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, in 1862, and 
was educated at Grahamstown and Port Alfred. 
Mr. Cannell was one of the early pioneers of the 
Rand, where he joined the Johannesburg firm 
of B. M. Woolan & Co. Coming to England, 
Mr. Cannell took up the London Agency of 
several companies controlled by the Woollan 
group, and very soon entered a larger sphere of 
usefulness, greatly extending his interests in the 
Transvaal and Rhodesia. He is a Director of 
the Consolidated Rand-Rhodesia Trust, the 
Bulawayo Estate and Trust, the Elandsfontein 
Deep, Monastery Diamond Mines, the Eur- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


african Corporation, Belfast G.M. Co., the Rand 
Investment Corporation, and the "African Re- 
view." In the early days of the late S. A. War 
he acted as Hon. Capt. on the H. Q. Staff of 
the Army Remount Dept. (1899). He is keen 
on shooting, hunting, and motoring, and married, 
in 1891, Miss Eva Bright. 

GARDEN, John Cecil, of Redhouse and 
Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony, and of the River 
Club, is the 2nd son of the late Maj.-Gen. 
George Carden, who commanded the 2nd Batt. 
of the Fifth Northm-nberland Fusiliers. He was 
born August 3, 1870, at Glasgow, Scotland, and 
was educated at Llandaff, S. Wales. Mr. Carden 
is well known in sporting and dramatic circles. 
In 1892-3 he was Pres. of the Eastern Province 
Rugby Football Union, and in the latter year 
he was president of the South African Swimming 
Union. He is the stage manager and one of the 
founders of the Port Elizabeth Amateur Operatic 
Club. After a successful business career he is 
now junior partner in the old established mer- 
chant house of Blaine & Co., at Port Elizabeth. 
He married, Nov. 15, 1894, Amy, dau. of the 
late WiUiam CaldweU Elhot. 

CARNWALL, Moses, J.P., Hon. Assoc, of the 
Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Erinville, 
Kimberley, and the Kimberley Club, was born 
in Dublin, July 6, 1841. He is son of Wm. 
Carnwall of Dubhn, by his wife May Teresa, 
dau. of Moses d'Arcy of Wexford, Ireland. He 
emigrated to S.A. in 1859, and was one of the 
early settlers in the Diamond Fields in 1870. 
He was Mayor of Kimberley in 1881, 1882, and 
1898 ; represented the district of Kimberley in 
the Cape House of Assembly from 1884-1888. 
He was for many years member of the Borough 
Council and Divisional Council ; is chairman of 
the Kimberley Hospital Board, the Public 
Library, and the Rhodes Memorial Committee. 
Mr. Carnwall served in the Griqualand West 
War of 1878 as a volunteer (medal and clasp), 
and during the Boer War he served in the Kim- 
berley Town Guard (medal and clasp and Mayor's 
siege medal). He married, Feb. 29, 1864, Mar- 
garet, dau. of Wm. Lundie, of Co. Monaghan, 

CARRINGTON, Maj.-Gen. Sib Fredekick, 
K.C.B., K.C.M.G., of Perrott's Brook, Ciren- 
cester, and of the Naval and Military Club, was 
born at Cheltenham, Aug. 23, 1844, and is son 
of Edmimd Carrington, J.P. of that town. Sir 
Frederick was educated at Cheltenliam, and 

passed into the army at the age of nineteen, and 
has seen very considerable service in S.A. ever 
since 1875, when he organized and commanded 
the Mounted Infantry in the Griqualand West 
Expedition. In 1877 he raised and commanded 
the F.L.H. in the Kafir War, fighting in the 
battle of Quintana and in the later operations 
in the Transkei and the Peri Bush (despatches). 
He also commanded the Transvaal Volunteer 
forces again Sekukuni in 1878-9 (despatches, 
medal with clasp, brevs. of Maj. and Lt.-Col., 
C.M.G.). During the siege of Mafeteng by the 
Basutos he was in command of the C.M.R., and 
later, in the Basuto War, he had command of 
the Colonial forces, and was severely wounded. 
Sir Frederick commanded the 2nd Mounted 
Rifles in 1884—5, and was commandant of Native 
Levies in Zululand in 1888. He then com- 
manded the B.B.P. mitil 1893, when he was 
appointed Military Adviser to the High Com- 
missioner dui'ing the fu'st Matabele War. He 
commanded the Infantry Brigade at Gibraltar 
from May, 1895, until March, 1899, with a brief 
interval in '96, when he commanded the troops 
in the Matabele Rebellion of 1896. With the 
local rank of Lieut. -Gen., Sir Frederick com- 
manded the Rhodesian Field Force in the S.A. 
War, Feb. 1900, to April, 1901, taking part in 
the operations in Rhodesia, Western Transvaal, 
including the actions at Elands River, the Cape 
Colony, and the North of the O.R.C. Gen. 
Carrington married, Nov. 18, 1897, Miss Susan 
Margaret Elwes. 

CARS WELL, R. G., of the Port Elizabeth 
Swimming Club. In the 1903 S. A. Swim- 
ming Championships he was second to E. M. 
Wearn (q.v.) in both the 500 and 200 yards, 
his time being 7 min. 24 4-6 sees, for the former. 
In the latter he was only beaten by a couple of 

CARTER, Edgar Bonham. {See E. Bonham- 
Carter. ) 

CARTER, Rev. James, M.A., was Precentor 
of Grahamstown Cathedral from 1890 to 1893, 
after which he was for seven years Rector of 
St. Paul's, Port Elizabeth, subsequently holding 
the living of Graaff Reinet. He was appointed 
to the living of Plymbridge, near Stonehouse, in 

CARTER, Right Rev. William Marl- 
borough, Bishop of Pretoria, D.D. (Oxon.), 
of Bishop's House, Pretoria, and Beechwood 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

House, Hook Street, Johannesburg, is the son 
of the Rev. W. A. Carter, late Fellow of Eton 
Coll. He was born in 1850 at Eton, and edu- 
cated at Eton and Pembroke College, Oxon. 
He was ordained in 1874 by Bishop Selwyn, of 
Lichfield, and was appointed curate of Christ 
Church, West Bromwich. He took charge of 
the Eton Mission, Hackney Wick, E., from 1880- 
91, during which time the misson greatly flour- 
ished and the name of Bishop Carter became a 
household word. In 1891 he was appointed 
Bishop of Zululand, but after a year's services 
in this diocese he received the appointment of 
Bishop of Pretoria, 1902. 

CARTWRIGHT, Albert, of Rosebank, near 
Cape Town, was born at Manchester, Eng., 
Dec. 2.5, 1868, and is the son of a Lancashire 
bookseller. Ediacated at Davyhulme Wesleyan 
Gram. Sch., Lanes., he emigrated to the Cape 
at the beginning of 1889 ; served three years on 
the staff of the " Cape Times" ; then founded a 
weekly paper,"The South African," now defunct ; 
became sub-ed. and afterwards asst.-ed. of the 
"Johannesburg Star," from which paper he re- 
signed in connexion with the Raid ; then edited 
the " Kimberley Advertiser," until in 1898 that 
paper's pro-Rhodes policy necessitated a change 
in the editorial direction. In 18S9 he became 
first editor of the " South African News," and was 
sentenced diuring the war to a year's imprison- 
ment for reproducing from English papers the 
letter of an anonymous British officer, asserting 
that he had received orders, should he overtake 
Gen. de Wet, to take no prisoners. In 1903 
Prof. Fremantle (q.v.) became associated with 
Mr. Cartwright in the editorship of the " South 
African News." He married in 1901, Anne, dau. 
of Christopher H. Robertson, shipbuilder, of 
Cape Town. 

CARTWRIGHT, John Dean, M.L.A., was 
returned to the Cape Parliament as one of the 
Progressive representatives of Cape Town at the 
general election in Feb., 1904. 

CASEMENT, Thomas, was Acting Commis- 
sioner of Mines at Barberton for nearly two years 
when (in 1902) he was called to Johaimesburg 
to take up an important position in the Mines 

CATLIN, Robert Mayo, of Vermont, Nevada, 
California ;^^ of Johannesburg ; and the Rand 
and New Clubs, Johannesburg, was born at 

BurKngton, Vermont, June 8, 1853, and is of 
English descent. He was educated at the 
University of Vermont. Since 1875 he has been 
managing mines, including the Navajo, Belle 
Isle, N. Belle Isle, Commonwealth, Nevada 
Queen, N. Commonwealth, Del Monte, Inde- 
pendence and Mardin in America, and since 
1895 he has been Gen. Manager for the Deep 
Level Cos. of the Consolidated Gold Fields of 
S.A., Ltd. in Johannesburg. He was elected 
Pres. of the Association of Mine Managers of 
the Witwatersrand (1903), and Pres. of the 
Mechanical Engineers Assoc, of the Witwaters- 
rand (1903). Mr. Catlin was married to Miss 
Ann E. Robertson, June 15, 1882. 

CAVE, Basil Shillito, C.B., M.R.A.C, 
F.R.G.S., of the British Agency, Zanzibar ; of 
14, Redcliffe Square, London, S.W., and of the 
St. James' Club and M.C.C., was born at Mill 
Hill, Middlesex, Nov. 14, 1865 ; is youngest son 
of the late Thos. Cave, M.P. for Barnstaple, 
1865-80, of Richmond, Surrey ; and was edu- 
cated at Merchant Taylors' Sch. and the Royal 
Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, of which latter 
he is a member by examination, as he is also of 
the Royal Agricultural Society of Ireland. 
He became Professional x\ssociate of the Sur- 
veyors' Institution, in 1885 ; was appointed 
Vice-Consul for B.E.A., Mch. 20, 1891 ; Consul 
for Zanzibar, June 1, 1895 ; has frequently 
acted as Agent and Cons\il-Gen. at Zanzibar 
since 1896 ; was member of the Council of the 
East Africa Protectorate from June 1896 to Jan. 
1897, and from Apr.-Dec. 1899, and was acting 
Pres. from October to Dec. 1897. Mr. Cave 
was decorated for service in connexion with the 
attempt of Seyzid Khaled to usurp the Sultanate 
in 1896, and the subsequent bombardment of 
the Palace. He also wears the Coronation 
Medal (1902), and was Pres. of the International 
Maritime Slave Trade Bureau at Zanzibar in 
1903. He married, Feb. 19, 1892, Mary, 
younger dau. of the Rev. J. B. McClellan, Princi- 
pal of the Royal Agricx,iltural Coll., Cirencester. 

CAWSTON, George, of 56, Upper Brook 
Street, W., and of the Manor House, Cawston, 
Norfolk, was born Feb. 13, 1851. He is son of 
the late S. W. Cawston, and has been a member 
of the London Stock Exchange since 1872. He 
is also a member of the Inner Temple, and was 
called to the Bar in 1881. 

Mr. Cawston took an interest in South Africa 
directly after Sir Hercules Robinson made the 
so-called treaty^with LobengulaonFeb. 11, 1888, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


by which the latter acknowledged the supremacy 
of Great Britain in Matabeleland. Mr. J. Scott 
Keltie, in his book, " The Partition of Africa," 
says it would seem that the first person to actually 
step forward and make proposals to the British 
Government with regard to obtaining conces- 
sions in Matabeleland was Mr. George Cawston, 
who on May 4, 1888, wrote to the Colonial 
Office, as printed in the South African Blue Book : 
" It is the intention of myself in conjunction 
with others to send a representative to Matabele- 
land to negotiate with Lobengula for a treaty 
for trading, mining, and general purposes." 
Further correspondence took place between Lord 
Knutsford and Mr. George Cawston and his 
friends, with the result that the Exploring 
Company was formed for the purpose. But, 
adds Mr. Keltie, though Mr. Cawston seems to 
have been the first to approach the Govt., and 
although he lost no time, after he had satisfied 
the Colonial Office, in sending out Mr. Marnid, 
another company or syndicate, the moving 
spirit of which was Mr. Rhodes, was already 
on the spot, and thus had the advantage of him. 
An arrangement between these syndicates was 
subsequently come to, and the Exploring Co. 
applied to H.M. Govt, for the grant of the 
Charter, which was made on Oct. 31, 1889. 
Mr. Cawston was one of the signatories of the 
application for the Charter, and became one of 
the first directors. He remained on the Board 
until the directors had met their shareholders 
after the Raid, and then resigned. 

CELLIERS, J. F., was at one time editor 
of the Dutch paper " De Volksstem." At the 
chaotic time when the S.A.R. was armexcd by 
Sir T. Shepstone, he did much to bring 
the burghers to an appreciation of the 
condition of the country, which called for con- 
federation or annexation. He advocated the 
latter in preference to the then desperate con- 
dition of his country. Nevertheless, two years 
later he was put in prison by Col. Sir O. Lanyon 
on a charge of sedition, because he attacked the 
Administration for its failure to keep the promises 
made at the time of annexation. 

CHAKOUR, Joseph Gabriel, Pacha, Grand 
Officer of the Medjedieh (Tm-kish), Commander 
of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus of Jtaly, Com- 
mander of the Grecian Order of the Saviour ; 
of the Oriental Club, Cairo, was born at Alex- 
andria, July 7, 1855. He is son of Gabriel 
Chakour and Assine Dahan, and was educated 
at Lyons, France, receiving the diploma of the 

French University. Chakour Pacha entered 
the Ministry of France under the Khedival 
Govt, on Jan. 1, 1877, and took an active part 
in the reorganization of that dept. under the 
British Administration. He published several 
works on real estate, and the assessment of the 
land taxes in Egypt. In 1890 he had charge of 
the organization of the Mi^micipality of Alex- 
andria — the first and only institution of the 
kind in Egypt in which the foreign colonies then 
estabUshed in Alexandria were comVjined with 
the native element for ad inistering the affairs 
of the city. In 1892 he was appointed Director- 
Gen, of the Municipality with the office of Pres. 
of the Executive. It was under his administra- 
tion that the town was most fully developed by 
the opening up of roads and tramways, the 
installation of the electric light, construction of 
quays, resulting in the most beautiful promenade 
of Alexandria, and by the creation of a fine 
quarter formed on land previously intended for 
the deposit of town rubbish. Ho occupied this 
position for eleven years, dm-ing which period 
he was frequently commended in the reports of 
Lord Cromer. At the beginning of 1903 Chakour 
Pacha retired from the service of the Egyptian 
Govt., since when he has devoted himself to 
financial, and more especially to industrial 
affairs. He married, Nov. 30, 1879, Sophie von 
Reinlein von Rautenbough. 

CHAMBERS, Charles Roland, J.P. for 
Richmond (C.C.) and Smithfield (O.R.C.), of 
Middlemount, Richmond District, Cape Colony. 
He is the son of S. H. Chambers, Barrister-at- 
Law, Inner Temple, and his mother was one of 
the family of Hares, of Hurstmonceaux Castle, 
Sussex. His grandfather was Sir Charles H. 
Chambers, Puisne Judge, Bombay, and his 
grandfather on the maternal side was Captain 
Marcus Hare, R.N. of Court Grange, Newton, 
Devon. He was born Nov. I, 1863, in London, 
and was edvicated at Tonb ridge Sch. and 
Chfton Coll. He went to Cape Colony in 1889 
and piu"chased the property of Middlemount, 
in the District of Richmond, and was appointed 
a J.P. in 1893. On the S.A. War breaking out 
he served in the Transport Service mider General 
Paget with the 20th Brigade at Lindley, Bethle- 
hem, etc., and subsequenth'^ in the Northern 
Transvaal. He joined the Scouts, and was com- 
missioned in tlie S. African Irregular Forces 
as Lieut. He was with the columns in O.R.C. 
and Western Transvaal, and was finally trans- 
ferred to the Field Intelligence Department and 
given the rank of Capt. At the conclusion 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

of hostilities he was appointed Pres. of the 
Repatriation Commission for the District of 
Smithfield, O.R.C., by the Governor of the 
Colony, and subsequently Administrator of 
Relief for the same District. He has the Queen's 
medal and three clasps, and the King's medal 
and two clasps. He married Ruby Mabel 
Montagu, dau. of John Montagu, and great- 
granddan. of John Montagu, Colonial Sec. 
of Cape Colony. 

CHOLES, Major Frederick John, F.R.G.S., 
F.I.Inst., F.R.C.T., of Scott St., Pietermaritz- 
burg, third son of Jas. Choles, of Devizes, 
Wilts, was born at Wolverhampton, Stafford- 
shire, Dec. 24, 1847. He was educated at the 
Wolverhampton Gram. Sch., and received 
a practical training as an engineer in the London 
& N.W. Locomotive Engineering Depts. In 
1869 he was selected by the late Maj.-Gen. 
Worgan, R.A., Inspector-Gen. of Ordnance, 
Bombay, for special duty in connection with the 
Powder Mills and Ammunition Factories at 
Kirkee, India. Subsequently his services were 
solicited at the Grand Arsenal and Government 
Dockyards, Bombay, to supervise the erection 
of the 18-ton guns for H.M. turret ships, 
Abyssinia and Magdala, of the Bombay Harbour 
Defence. In 1874 he was again sent forward on 
special duty to the arsenals at Mhow and 
Neemich, Central India. In 1879 he was the 
successful candidate from among nearly 200 
applicants for the post of Ordnance Officer, 
Natal Vohmteer Dept., which he now holds. 

Owing to his many years of experience and 
his natural abilities for the special duties per- 
taining to Ordnance work, he has brought the 
Ordnance branch of the Natal Volunteer Dept., 
of which he is the chief, from its infancy to a state 
of efficiency, and as far as practicable up to 
date in all details of military requirements. In 
1899, he had the responsibility of equipping the 
Volunteers, and putting forward the mobiliza- 
tion stores for the whole of the Natal Force, 
which were railed at Pietermaritzburg for 
Ladysmith within 24 hours from the time 
instructions were received for mobilization. In 
Sept. and Oct. of the same year, he equipped 
those smart Irregular Corps, the Imperial Light 
Horse, Bethune's M.I., and Thorneycroft's M.I. 
He was at the base of operations, Pietermaritz- 
burg, during the S.A. War, Sept. 13, 1899, 
to May 31, 1902 (Queen's and King's medals). 
H& married Johanna Jane, third dau. of 
Edward and Mary Vale of Upper Clapton, 
London, on Sept. 6, 1880. 

CILLIE, Petrxjs Johannes, M.L.A. is mem- 
ber of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the 
Paarl, and was last re-elected at the general 
election in Feb., 1904. He sits in the Bond 

CLARK, GowAN Cresswell Strangb, 
C.M.G., J.P., of Cape Town, son of the late 
Gowan Clark, of Shrewsbury, was born at 
Leominster, Herefordshire, Nov. 7, 1856 ; was 
educated at Aberystwith and Ystradoncurig. 
He was for some time in the Prince Alfred's 
Guards, in which he rose to the brevet rank of 
Lieut. -Col. He has now resigned his coixk- 
mission in that corps ; he wears the Volunteer 
Officers' Decoration ; is Chief Traffic Manager 
of the Cape Govt. Railways ; and a Justice of 
the Peace. He married Apr. 9, 1885, Miss 
Caroline Ann Kemsley. 

CLARK, Robert Douglas, of The Oaks, 
Maritzburg, Natal ; the Imperial Colonies Club, 
London ; the Victoria Club, P.M.B., and the 
Maritzbm-g and Durban Savage Clubs, was born 
at Benholm, Scotland, May 19, 1846. He is 
the 2nd son of David Clark, by his wife Jean 
Dundas, dau. of Williaixi Dundas and Margaret 
Ramsay. He was educated at Moray House, 
Edin. University, New Coll. Oxford, and at the 
Universities of Gottingen and Bonn-am-Rhein, 
graduating M.A. Edin. and New Coll. In 1878 
he was appointed Asst. Prof, of Latin at Edin. 
University. He was principal of the Maritz- 
bvirg Coll. from 1879 to 1902 ; is a Barrister-at- 
Law (Inner Temple) ; Advocate of the Suprenae 
Court of Natal ; and Member of the Council of 
the University of the Cape of Good Hope. He 
is also Pres. of the Caledonian and Natal 
Societies, and of the Savage Club, Maritzburg, 
and was for some tune Capt. of the Scottish 
Comp. of the Natal Royal Rifles. In Masonry 
he is a Past District Grand Master of Natal, 
etc. Mr. Clark had the distinction of having 
"A Burger Quixote " inscribed to him for his 
" cultm-e, wit and humour which have estab- 
lished a literary standard in South Africa." Mr. 
Clark is a lover of books and the billiard table. 
He married, July 3, 1882, Caroline Georgina 
Warrender, yoimgest dau. of Gen. Sir WiUiam 
Sewell, K.C.B., and niece of Sir Hew Dalrymple, 
Bart., of Luchie House, N.B. 

CLARKE, Major William James, of the 
Victoria Club, Maritzburg, joined the NataJ 
Mounted Police in Apr. 1878. He proceeded 
to the Zulu Border in Nov. of that year and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


crossed the Buffalo River with the column 
under Lord Chelmsford; in Jan. 1879, was with 
the reconnoitring party under Major Dartnell 
when the Zulus attacked and captured the 
camp at Isandhlwana, and was with the escort 
which conveyed the remains of the late Prince 
Imperial to Durban for embarkation ; served 
with the garrisons of Rorke's Drift and Help- 
makaar vmtil Gen. Sir Garnet Wolseley arrived, 
when the N.M.P. furnished his escort to Ulundi ; 
Joined the escort which accompanied the ex- 
Empress of the French on her tour through 
Natal and Zululand in 1880 ; served with the 
N.M.P. on the Basutoland Border during the 
war of 1880. Was with the column under 
Gen. Colley in the Boer War of 1881, and was 
present at the battle of Laing's Nek ; was with. 
detachment of N.M.P. on the Zululand Border 
in 1884 during the disturbances in that coimtry. 
He accompanied mission to Pondoland in 1887 
to get treaty signed ; joined Col. Martin on the 
British Mission to Amatongaland in 1888, and 
was also with that officer on the Swazi-Portuguese 
Boundary Commission in the same year ; was 
on the Pondoland Border during the fighting 
of 1890-1 and 1893-4, and was sent on a special 
mission into that country to confer with the 
Paramount Chief. Was associated with Col. 
Dartnell in the reorganization of the Police 
Forces in 1894, and was entrusted with the 
organization of the Criminal Investigation 
Department, of which he is still the head, with 
the rank of Inspector in the Natal Police. He 
commanded the newly raised Field Force which 
was despatched early in 1897 to protect the 
Southern Border during Native disturbances 
in East Griqualand, and afterwards marched 
north to Zululand when that covmtry was 
annexed to Natal. He met Dinizulu and other 
Zulu Chiefs on their return from banishment at 
St. Helena, and accompanied them to their 
homes. Shortly before the outbreak of the 
S.A. War in 1899, Inspt. Clarke was again 
transferred to the Field Force and commanded 
a detachment at Ladysmith before, and during, 
the siege of that town ; was present at the 
action at Rietfontein, the capture of Boer guns 
on Gun HiU, and the action at Caesar's Camp 
on Jan. 6, 1900 ; acted as guide to the Cavalry 
Brigade at the capture of Botha's Pass in June 
1900, and was thereafter employed on work in 
connection with Field Intelligence, with the 
local rank of Major. He served with Gen. 
Dartnell, as Intelligence Officer, during Gen. 
French's operations in the Eastern Traansval 
in 1901, and later with Gen. Bullock in the same 

capacity and in the same district. He was 
sent by Gen. French on a special mission to 
Zululand, where the columns were working on 
that border ; was Intelligence Officer to Gen. 
Dartnell in the O.R.C. during the latter part of 

1901. Early in 1902, he was again sent into 
Zululand on another special mission, and was 
then appointed Intelligence Officer to Gen. 
Bruce Hamilton, in place of Col. WooUs-Samp- 
son. Shortly before the close of hostilities, he 
returned to Natal to accompany the Prime 
Minister to England, in the capacity of Secy., to 
attend the Coronation of H.M. King Edward VII. 

Major Clarke has received the following 
medals — the Coronation medal of 1902, the 
Zulu War medal with " 1879 " clasp, the S.A. 
General Service medal with bar for Basutoland, 
the Queen's medal for the S.A. War, with 4 
clasps, and the King's medal, with 2 clasps, 
He is a J.P- for the Colony, and has acted, on 
several occasions, as R.M. and Administrator 
of Native Law. He introduced into Natal the 
system of identification by means of finger 
prints, in the classffication of which he has 
qualified as an expert. Major Clarke married, in 
1889, the eldest dau. of Major Giles, magistrate 
of Richmond, and late of the 14th Hussars. For 
many years, Mr. Clarke took great interest in 
racing, and he estabUshed a record in S.A, 
by riding seven winners in one day at the Lady- 
smith meeting in 1893. 

CLOETE, Hendrik, M.L.A., J.P., C.M.G., 
of Alphen, Wynberg, C.C, and of the Civil 
Service (C.T.), Rand and Pretoria Clubs, was 
born at Wynberg in 1851. He is the eldest 
surviving son of the late Dirk Cloete, J.P., 
of Wynberg, and was educated at the Diocesan 
Coll., Rondebosch. He was called to the 
Bar, Inner Temple, in 1877 ; Advocate of the 
Supreme Court in 1878, and joined the Trans- 
vaal Bar in 1879. He served as Lieut, and 
Adjt. of Vohmteers and was present at various 
engagements around Pretoria in the Transvaal 
War of 1880-81. After the Jameson Raid he 
succeeded Sir J. de Wet in May, 1896, as 
British Agent in the Transvaal, and was deco- 
rated with the C.M.G. for his services. In Nov. 

1902, he was returned imopposed as Progressive 
member for Wynberg in the Cape Assembly, 
and was re-elected in Feb. 1904. His recreations 
are cricket, tennis, rowing, and shooting. He 
married, in 1893, the eldest dau. of the late 
Rev. Van Warmelo. 

COCHRANE, Cot,. William Francis Dun- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

DONALD, C.B. (1898), Order of the Medjidieh, 
3rd Class, of the Naval and Military Club, was 
born in Wiltshire, Aug. 7, 1847. He is son of 
the late Col. W. M. Cochrane, and grand- 
nephew of the famous Admiral Cochrane, 10th 
Earl of Dundonald, inventor of the " secret 
war plan " declared to be capable of destroying 
any fleet or fortress in the world. 

Col. W. F. D. Cochrane was educated at 
Kensington School and Sandhurst, passing in 
1866 into the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infan- 
try, of the 1st Batt. of which he was adjutant 
for many years. From 1879 to 1882 he was 
A.A.G. and C.S.O. of the Cape Colonial Forces, 
during which time the colony was engaged in a 
series of wars, commencing with the Morosi 
affair and ending with the East Griqualand, 
Tembuland, and Basuto rebellions. He served 
through the Zulu war at fii'st as Staff Officer to 
Col. Durnford, and was one of the few sur- 
vivors from Isandhlwana. He then obtained 
the command of the Natal Native Horse, and 
was present at Kambula, Z'lobane Mountain, 
and Ulundi (medals for Zulu, Basuto, and 
Transkei wars), his services being brought to 
the notice of the Colonial and Imperial Govts. 
In 1882 he received a brevet majority, and took 
part in the Egyptian War of that year. (Medal.) 

From 1883 to 1887 he filled the appointment 
of D.A.A.G., China and the Straits Settlements ; 
was D.A.Q.M.G., Headquarters Staff, Ireland, 
in 1887-8; and from 1890 to 1892 he acted as 
Asst. Mil. Secy, to Sir W. Gordon Cameron, 
K.C.B., then commanding in S.A., which 
appointment he resigned on being selected to 
command a brigade in the Egyptian Army, in 
which he served from 1893 to 1898. At the 
time of the Dongola advance he was in com- 
mand of the Line of Communication (Sudan 
Medal), and was afterwards appointed first 
Governor of the Nubia Province. From 1900 he 
was C.S.O. for the Belfast Dist. until his retire- 
ment from the Army in 1903. Col. Cochrane 
married in 1893, Carola, dau. or the late T. H. 
Moller, of Hambi.irg. 

COLE, Philip Tennyson, of St. Leonards, 
and Addison Studios, Kensington, and the 
Royal Colonial Institute, was born in Harrington 
Square, London, on May 30, 1862, and comes 
of a family of painters, his father, grand- 
father, and great-grand-uncles having all been 
well known artists. Mr. Tennyson Cole was 
educated at Chiswick Coll., Middlesex, and 
applied himself early to the study of art, 
-exhibiting in London at the age of 20. He 

has spent some years in Australia, New Zea- 
land, Tasmania, and S.A., i painting the 
portraits of Colonial celebrities, including 
Lord Milner and the late Mr. Cecil Rhodes. 
In 1900 he accompanied Dr. Carl Peters 
on his second expedition up the Zambesi. He 
was married: first, in Apr. 1884, to Miss 
Alice Mary Saintsbury, who died in Australia 
in Apr. 1893; and second, Apr. 18, 1894, to Miss 
Hetty Binstead. 

COLENBRANDER, Lieut.-Col. Johan 
William, C.B., of Bulawayo, and of the Bula- 
wayo and Rand Clubs, is of Dutch extraction ; 
was born at Pine Town, Natal, on Nov. 1, 
1858 ; and was educated at New Guelderland, 
Natal. Col. Colenbrander has for many 
years been associated with Rhodesia. Long 
before the country came under the aegis of the 
Chartered Co. he hunted and traded with the 
natives, gaining a knowledge of the country 
and its chiefs, which stood him in good stead 
during the two Matabele wars. He served in 
the Zulu War, the Matabele War of 1893, com- 
manded a corps of " Friendlies " in the Mata- 
bele RebelUon of 1896, and subsequently played 
a prominent part in negotiating peace with the 
Indunas in the Matoppos. In the S.A. War 
1899-1902 he raised and commanded the 1st 
Regt. of Kitchener's Fighting Scouts (1,200 
strong), doing excellent work throughout in 
the Northern Transvaal and Cape Colony. 

Col. Colenbrander has been twice married, 
his second wife (who died in Apr. 1904) having 
been Yvonne Winifred, dau. of Capt. Loftus 
Nunn, late of H.M. 99th Regt., and sister-in- 
law to Capt. Cassell, Adjt. of the Southern 
Rhodesia Volunteers. 

COLLEY, Capt. Gerald Henry Pomeroy, 
3rd Royal Irish Regt., of Boksburg, Transvaal, 
and Mount Temple, Clontarf, co. Dublin, wp^s 
born at Lucan, Dublin, and educated at Hailey- 
bury. He was successively A.D.C. to Sir 
Henry A. Blake, Governor of Jamaica ; A.D.C. 
and Priv. Secy, to Sir Augustus L. Hemming, 
Governor of Jamaica ; and Inspector of Jamaica 
Constabulary. He served through the S.A. 
War with the 1st M.I. as Special Service Officer 
(Queen's and King's medals) ; was later ap- 
pointed Military Magistrate at Boksburg, under 
the Military Governor of Johannesburg, and is 
at present Asst. R.M. at Boksburg. 

COLVILE, Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Edward, 
K.C.M.G., C.B., of Lightwater, Bagshot ; Lul- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


iington, Burton-on-Trent ; Grangewood House, 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch ; 80, South Audley Street, W.; 
and of the Guards', Travellers', Beefsteak, 
Automobile, and Aero Clubs, and member of 
the Royal Yacht Squadron, son of the late Col. 
Chas. R. Colvile, J.P., D.L., and M.P. for S. 
Derbyshire, and Katherine, dau. of 23rd 
Baroness de Clifford and Capt. Jn. Russell, 
R.N., was born at Kirkley Hall, Hinckley, 
Leicestershire, July 10, 1852. He was educated 
at Eton and privately in Switzerland and 
France, meanwhile travelling about consider- 
ably with his father on yachting cruises. Sir 
Henry entered the Grenadier Guards in 1870. 
In 1878 he imdertoolc a journey to Morocco, 
explored the Riff country, and was the first 
European to cross from Fez to Algeria, his 
account of which, " A Ride in Petticoats and 
Slippers," was published in 1879. In 1880 he 
was appointed A.D.C. to Gen. the Hon. Sir 
Leicester Smythe, who then commanded tlie 
British forces at the Cape. He resigned this on 
attaining his Captaincy, and shortly after took 
part in an expedition to siu-vey and report upon 
the country between the Dead Sea and the Gulf 
of Akabah. This accomplished, he was ap- 
pointed to Sir F. Stevenson's Intelligence 
Department at Cairo, joined the Suakim Ex- 
pedition in 1884, and was present at El Teb and 
Tamai, receiving medal and clasp, the Khedival 
Star, and being twice mentioned in despatches. 
After returning to England, he was selected for 
a special mission to siirvey the Ai'bain Road 
and report on the possibiUty of the Mahdi 
invading Egypt by this route. Having reported 
in the negative, he was detailed for further 
important work in the Sudan before and dui'ing 
Lord Wolseley's expedition, meanwhile being 
promoted Lieut. -Col. For these services he 
was mentioned in despatches (clasp and C.B.). 
He was next Chief of the Intelligence Depart- 
ment of the Frontier Field Force, was present 
at the action at Gennis (despatches), and attained 
Colonel's rank. Sir Henry returned home in 
1866, was appointed to the Intelligence Depart- 
ment of the War Office, and wrote the olficial 
history of the Sudan Campaign. During a term 
of sick leave he made the tour of South Africa 
accompanied by Lady Colvile, who subse- 
quently published her book, " Round the Black 
Man's Garden." Sir Henry also crossed Mada- 
gascar from Antananarivo to Majunga. Early 
in 1893 he went to India, and subsequently as 
Intelligence Officer to a British column in 
Burmah. Thence he was placed in charge at 
Uganda, and established a post on the Albert 

Nyanza. All this hard work caused a break- 
down in Col. Colvile's health, and he returned 
home, was decorated with the K.C.M.G., Central 
African medal, and the Star of Zanzibar. He 
resumed regimental duty, and in 1898 was 
gazetted Maj.-Gen. In 1899 he was appointed 
to command the Infantry Brigade in Gibraltar, 
thence being appointed (March, 1900) to com- 
mand the 9th Division in S.A. (medal a,nd 
5 clasps). He was mentioned in despatches 
four times by Lord Methuen and twice by the 
C.I.C. in S.A. for services at Paardeberg 
and Poplar Grove, but it is regretted that his 
military reputation was not enhanced by the 
incidents of Sauna's Post and Lindley. He 
was soon reappointed to Gibraltar by Lord 
Lansdowne, but in February, 1901, was recalled 
and placed on retired pay by Mr. Brodrick. 

Sir Henry has also written a description of 
liis Arabah exploration entitled, " The Accursed 
Land," " The History of the Soudan Cam- 
paign," " The Land of the Nile Springs," 
describing his Unyoro Expedition, " The Work 
of the Ninth Division," and occasional contri- 
butions to the Press. Sir Henry married : 
first, in 1878, Alice Rosa, daughter of the Hon. 
Robert Daly, who died in 1882; and second, 
in 1886, Zelie Isabelle, daughter of M. Pierre 
Richard de Preville, of Basses Pyrenees, France. 

COLVIN, SiB Auckland, K.C.S.I., K.C.M.G., 
CLE., Grand Cordon of the Orders of Osma- 
nieh and Medjidieh ; of Earl Soham Lodge, 
Framlingham, Suffolk, and of the Traveller's 
Club, is the son of the late John R. Colvin, 
Indian Civil Service. He was born March 8, 
1838, in India, and was educated at Eton, and 
the East India Coll., Haileybury, and entered 
the Indian Civil Service in 1858. He has held 
with success a munber of Govt, secretaryships 
of importance, and was in 1880 appointed a 
member of the International Commission for 
Egyptian Liquidation, and shortly afterwards 
became the representative of England under 
the scheme of Anglo-French control. Din-ing 
the Arab insurrection Sir Auckland was Coun- 
cillor to the Khedive. When the dual control 
was abolished in 1883 he became Financial 
Adviser to the Khedive (1882-3), but shortly 
after he rettirned to India as Financial Sec. to 
the Viceroy's Govt., in which capacity he 
introduced an Income-Tax Bill in 1885. In 
1887 he was Lieut. -Gen. of the North-West 
Provinces of India, retaining that position till 
1902. He is Chairman of the Bmrnah Rail- 
ways, of the Egyptian Delta Light Railways, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Oriental Telephone Co., of the Khedivial 
Steamship Co., and a Director of the British 
and Chinese Corporation. He married, Aug. 4, 
1859. Charlotte Elizabeth, dau. of Lieut. -Gen. 
Herbert, C.B. 

CONYBEARE, Charles Atjgusttts Van- 
SITTART, of 3, Carlyle Mansions, Cheyne Walk, 
S.W., and the National Liberal and New Re- 
form Clubs, was born at Kew, June 1, 1853 ; is 
the eldest son of John Chas. Conybeare, by 
Katherine Mary Vansittart ; was educated at 
Tonbridge and Christ Church, Oxford, where 
he took a Junior Studentship by open com- 
petition ; Lothian Prize Essayist 1876 ; pub- 
lished Text Books on the Married Women's 
Property Acts and the Corrupt Practices at 
Elections Act ; represented Camborne in Parlia- 
ment 1885-95 ; and is a Director of the Beka 
Junction Railway, Oceana Development Co., 
N. Charterland Exploration Co., etc. He 
married, Oct. 15, 1896, Florence Annie, 
eldest dau. of Gustavo Strauss, of 2, Bolton 
Gardens, W. Kensington. Mrs. Conybeare 
takes an interest in matters of moment, and 
publicly opposed the Education Act introduced 
by Mr. Balfour's Govt. 

COOPER, Rev. Alfred Augustus, MA., of 
Ibrahamieh, Alexandria, Egypt ; was born in 
Aberdeenshire, N.B., Oct. 1, 1866 ; was educated 
at Aberdeen Gram. Sch. ; King's Coll., 
Aberdeen, and New Coll., Edin., graduating 
M.A., and taking 1st class Honours in Classical 
Literature. He took Holy Orders as a Minister 
of the Presbyterian Church of Eng. ; spent 
three and a-half years in Bengal, and is now 
Agent-Gen. of the B. and F. Bible Soc. for 
Egypt and Sudan, Syria and Palestine, Cyprus, 
Aden, Abyssinia, and E. Africa. He is author 
of " The Story of the Turkish Version " (B. & F. 
B. S., 1901), and "God's Forget-me-Not " 
(Elliot Stock, 1900), and other addresses to 
boys and girls. He married, Sept. 28, 1893, 
Florence, dau. of the late John Howden, of 
Waterloo, Liverpool. 

CORBET, Eustace Kynaston, M.A. ; of 
Cairo, and the New University Club ; youngest 
son of the late Rev. Andrew Corbett ; was 
bom at South WiUingham Rectory, Line, 
June 22, 1854 ; was educated at Cheltenham 
Coll. and Balliol Coll., Oxon., where he graduated 
M.A. He was appointed English Secy, to the 
late Khedive, Tewfik Pasha, in July, 1885 ; 
was made Judge in the Native Court of Appeal, 

Apr. 1891 ; and became Procureur-Greneral to 
Native Courts in Nov. 1897. He wais decorat-ed 
with the Orders of the Os-manieh (2nd,iCla3s) 
and Medjidieh (3rd Class). 

CORNER, Charles, A.M.I.C.E., Assoc. 
Mem. Am. Soc. C.E., and Member of the S.A. 
Association for th e Advancement of Science ; 
of Agorica, Paignton, Devon ; of Gwelo, ;Rho- 
desia, and of the Sahsbury Club, Rhodesia,|is 
the son of the Headmaster of Wellington 
Academy, now West Somerset County School. 
He was born Nov. 1859, at Wellington, Somerset, 
and was educated at Wellington Academy. 
Mr. Corner was Assis. Engineer to the Harris- 
burg and San Antonio Railway Company 
(Southern Pacific System) 1881-2-3, during 
construction of 232 miles of railway ; Assis. 
Engineer to the San Antonio and Aransas Pass 
Railway of Texas, 1884 ; Engineer in charge of 
Graduation, Bridges and Buildings, San Antonio 
and Aransas Pass Rly., 1885-88 (687 miles of 
rly. ) ; Division Engineer in charge of Location, 
French Company of Venezuelan Rly., Com- 
pagnie de Fires-Lille, 1889 (60 kilometres of 
rly. ) : Div. Engineer for Sub-Contractors, 
Interoceanic Rly. of Mexico, 1890 (20 kilometres 
of rly. ) ; Sub. Div. Engineer, w ith Messrs. 
Reed & Campbell, of Lond. and Mexico, 
Mexican Southern Rly. of Mexico, 1890-91-92 
(23 kilometres of rly.); Civil Engineer to the 
Railroad Commission of Texas, 1893-98, in- 
specting, valuing and reporting on nearly 10,000 
miles of rly., and from 1899 to the present 
time he has been District Engineer of the 
Beira and Rhodesia rlys. under Sir C. Metcalfe 
and Sir Douglas Fox, Engineer-in-Chief and 
Consulting Engineer respectively. He married. 
Mar. 24, 1887, Margaret Muncey, of San 
Antonio, Texas, U.S.A. 

CORNISH, Right Rev. Charles Edward, 
Bishop of Grahamstown, of Bishopsbourne, 
Grahamstown, C.C, is the eldest son of the 
Rev. Charles L. Cornish, formerly Fel. of 
Exeter CoU., Oxon. He was born in London, 
October 9, 1842, and was educated at Upping- 
ham, and Exeter Coll., Oxon. He is M.A. and 
D.D. of Oxon, and M.A. Univ. of the Cape of 
Good Hope. From 1882-9 he was Vicar of 
St. Mary's, Redclif5e, Bristol. He was also 
Rural Dean of Bristol and chaplain to the 
Bishop of Bristol, and still remains Hon. Canon 
of Bristol. In 1899 he left England for the 
pm'pose of taking up the appointment of 
Bishop of Grahamstown. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


CORSTORPHINE, Dr. George Steuart, 
B.Sc. (Edin.), Ph.D. (Munich), M.A. ad eund. 
grad. (Cape), of Johannesburg, and of the Rand 
and AthenEBum Clubs, Johannesburg, was born 
at Edinburgh, Nov. 19, 1865 ; is the eldest son 
of the late; John Corstorphine of that town, 
where he began his education. He is an 
eminent geologist who has had much experience 
in S.A. in the service of the Cape Colonial 

Dr. Corstorphine was Asst. in the Dept. of 
Geology and Mineralogy at Edin. Univ. 1892-4 ; 
Lectm-er on Geology at Heriot-Watt Coll., 
Edin., 1894 ; was appointed first professor of 
Geology and Mineralogy in the S.A. Coll. and 
Keeper of Minerals in the S.A. Museum, Cape 
Town, in 1895 ; Geologist to the Geological 
Commission, Cape Col., in 1896 ; and Director 
of the Geological Survey, Cape Col., 1901. 
From 1897 to 1902 he was Member of the Coun- 
cil of the University of the Cape of Good Hope, 
and in the latter year he was appointed Con- 
sulting Geologist to the Consolidated Goldfields 
of S.A., Ltd. 

He has published : Reports of the Geological 
Survey, Cape Colony, 1896-1901 ; " The Massive 
Rocks of the Southern Portion of Arran, Scot- 
land," in Tchermak's geol. u. min. Mitt., 1895 ; 
" Note on the Age of the Central South African 
Coalfield," in Trans. S.A. Geol. Soc, 1903. He 
married Miss Clara Ursula Hoffman, July 
2, 1896. 

CORYNDON, Robert Thorne ; of Kalomo, 
N.W. Rhodesia ; 2, London Wall Buildings, 
London, E.C., and of the Devonshire (Lond.) 
and Salisbury and Bulawayo (Rhodesia) Clubs ; 
was born at Queenstown, Cape Colony, Apr. 2, 
1870, and was educated at St. Andrew's Coll., 
Grahamstown, C.C, and at Cheltenham Coll., 
Eng. He joined the B.B.P. in Nov. 1889, and 
the Mashonaland Pioneer Force in June, 1890, 
•serving in the Matabele War of 1893 and the 
Matabele Rebellion of 1896 (medal and clasp). 
Prior to this date Mr. Coryndon spent some 
years hvmting big game, and in the office of 
the Surveyor-Gen. in Salisbury, Mashonaland. 
In one of his hunting expeditions he shot two 
specimens of the almost extinct white rhino- 
ceros. In June, 1897, he took charge of the 
B.S.A. Co.'s expedition to Lealui, Barotseland, 
and became British Resident with the Barotse 
chief, Lewanika. He was appointed Adminis- 
trator of N.W. Rhodesia in 1900. Unmarried. 

COSTER, De. Hermantjs Jacob, was born 

in Holland. He was State Atorney of 
the late S.A.R. and ex-officio J. P. He prose- 
cuted on behalf of the State in the case 
of the Reformers. There were originally four 
indictments against the whole of the prisoners, 
but negotiations between Dr. Coster and 
Advocate Wessels (the latter representing the 
accused) resulted as follows : That the leaders. 
Col. Rhodes and Messrs. L. Phillips, Hays 
Hammond, and Geo. Farrar, should plead 
guilty to coimt 1 (conspiring with Dr. Jameson 
to make a hostile invasion), and that the rank 
and file of the committee should plead guilty 
to counts 3 (distributing arms, guns, erecting 
defences, etc.) and 4 (arrogating the functions 
of Government in Johannesburg, arming their 
own Police Corps, etc.) ; that counts 2, 3 and 4 
should be withdra\vn against the former and 
counts 1 and 2 should be withdrawn against the 
latter. Dr. Coster admitted that the effect of 
this would be making the charge against the 
rank and file purely nominal, while in the case of 
the fom* leaders he undertook not to press for 
exemplary punishment. Nevertheless, at the 
trial Dr. Coster, in a violent speech, depicted 
in the blackest terms the action of those men, 
and claimed that the Court should apply the 
Roman-Dutch Law in preference to the statutes 
of the S.A.R., and demanded the severest 
penalty that could be imposed under that law 
and under the Thu'ty-three Articles and the Gold 
Law. Dr. Coster resigned the State Attorney- 
ship in consequence of an insulting reference 
of President Kriiger's to his cotintrymen. 

CO WEN, Charles, is the only surviving son 
of Joseph Cowen, of Bryanstone Street, Port- 
man Square, London, and of Catherine Louisa, 
his wife, of Merion Square, Dublin. Mr. Cowen 
has been identified with our colonial life from 
1853, when he arrived in S.A. Having 
been, from a very early date, associated with 
educational organizations in England, and with 
the Press, he soon found a new sphere for his 
energies after landing at Cape Town, where he 
inaugurated, with others classes, conducted 
gratuitously by some of the best members of 
the community, for elementary instruction, as 
well as for advanced young men, in modern 
languages, the classics, literatui'e, and some of 
the arts. He also occupied himself as a lecturer 
and journalist, and in 1874 became Secy, of the 
Port Elizabeth Chamber of Commerce. Broken 
down in health, about the end of 1886 he left 
for the newly opened goldfields, paying visits 
to the Free State Territories and other parts. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

An old M.M. of the British lodge, co-founder 
of and P.M. of the Joppa, one of the originators 
of the D.G.L. of S.A., and a member of its 
executive until 1875, Bro. Cowen was influential 
in obtaining the warrant for the first Brit. L. 
vmder the Cons, of the G.L. of England for 
Johannesburg, and was elected its first W.M. 
When Mr. Rhodes, having passed the Glen 
Grey Act, decide to visit the Trans-Keian 
tribes, to explain to them the merits and re- 
quirements of it, Mr. Cowen met him at Butter- 
worth, as the " Cape Times " representative, 
and accompanied him on the tour, and then 
stayed behind to watch the practical working of 
the new measmre. In 1892 he was associated 
with the Editorship of the " Cape Mercury " for 
a while. In 1898 he went to the East ; later 
settled in Rome, and came back to England at 
the close of 1902. He is an Hon. Life Member 
of the Chamber of Commerce at Port Elizabeth ; 
Hon. Member of the S.A. Press Association 
and of the Imperial S.A. Association ; F.S.A., 
and M.R.C.I. 

He is the author of " The Life of William 
Schroder, Artist," " The Zingari Series of Our 
Public Men," " The Wynberg Times' " new series, 
" Men of Mark," " The Law in relation to the 
Farmer," " Johannesbtu-g the Golden," and 
has also published Eleven Years' Annual Re- 
views of the Trade and Commerce of S.A. 
(for the Chamber of Commerce at Port 
Elizabeth) and of the Cape of Good Hope. He 
married : first, the eldest dau. of Wm. Painton, 
brewer, of Oxford ; and second, a sister of the 
Right Rev. Jn. Rooney, D.D., of St. Mary's, 
Cape Town. 

CREWE, Col. Charles Preston, C.B. (1900), 
J.P. for the Cape of Good Hope, of Cambridge, 
East London, and of the Civil Service Club, 
Cape Town ; is the son of Capt. Frederick Crewe, 
17th Madras Infantry, and is descended from 
the Crewes of Crewe, Cheshire, of which family 
he is one of the few male representatives re- 
maining. He was born in London on Jan. 11, 
1855, and was educated privately. Col. Crewe 
has had a varied political and military career. 
He went to S.A. in March, 1878, and joined the 
Cape Mounted Riflemen, serving with this 
regiment through the Kafir War, receiving for 
his services medal and clasp, 1878-79. He again 
saw service in the Basuto War of 1880-81, re- 
ceiving medal and clasp. In 1881 he retired 
from the C.M.R., and connnenced farming. In 
1898 he stood for Aliwal North for the House of 
Assembly and was only defeated by two votes. 

In May of the following year he was returned to 
the Legislative Assembly for East Griqualand, 
and devoted himself to the reorganization of the 
Progressive party. At the general election in 
Feb. 1904 he succeeded in ousting Mr. J. W. 
Sauer froin the representation of Aliwal North, 
and on the resignation of Sir Gordon Sprigg's 
Ministry immediately after the elections he 
joined Dr. Jameson's Cabinet as Colonial Sec. 
On war breaking out in S.A. he raised the 
Border Horse Regt. (Feb. 1900), and served first 
as Major commanding and was promoted Lieut.- 
Col. in May 1900, and full Col. in May 1901. He 
for many months commanded a mobile column 
of Colonial troops in the O.R.C., and later on 
took command of the Western Div. of the Cape 
Colony from Nov. 1901 to the end of the war. 
He retired from the C.C.F. Dec. 31, 1902. For 
his eminent services Col. Crewe was mentioned 
in despatches, received the C.B., and the medal 
with clasps for Wepener, Transvaal and Cape 
Colony. He married Helen Orpen, dau. of J. M. 
Orpen, late Sm-veyor-Gen. of S. Rhodesia, on 
July 11, 1887. 

CRISP, Venerable Wm., B.D., was ordained 
at Bloemfontein in 1872, and was Canon there 
from 1885 to 1901, being made Archdeacon in 
1887. In 1901 he became Priest-in-charge of 
Muizenberg, a fashionable resort near Cape 
Town, and Diocesan Sec. at Cape Town. 
In the following year he was appointed a Canon 
of St. George's Cathedral, Cape Town. 

CROMER, Earl of, and Viscount Erring- 
ton, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., K.C.S.I., CLE., 1st Class 
Medjidieh ; of Cairo, and of the Turf, Brooks', 
Travellers', St. James', and Marlborough Clubs, 
is son of the late Henry Baring, M.P., and 
Cecilia Windham. He was born at Cromer Hall, 
Norfolk, Feb. 26, 1841, and was educated at 
the Hethel Hall, Norfolk, The Ordinance Sch., 
Carshalton, and at Woolwich, and is Hon, 
D.C.L. of Oxford. At the age of seventeen he 
joined the Royal Artillery, retiring with the rank 
of Major in 1879 for the pvirpose of taking up 
his duties as one of the Controllers-General ap- 
pointed in Egypt in 1879 by England and France, 
when Ismail had been deposed by the Sultan, 
and his son Tewfik had succeeded on the Khedi- 
vial throne. Previously Mr. Evelyn Baring, as 
he then was, had acquired much useful experience 
to fit him for his responsible post. He had acted 
as Private Sec. to his cousin. Lord North- 
brook, when that nobleman was Governor 
General of India, and during this period had 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


obtained a close insight into the practical art of 
government. Wlaile he held a commissionership 
of the Public Debt in Egypt, he was enabled to 
greatly extend his financial knowledge. The 
powers held by Mr. Baring and his fellow con- 
troller, M. de Blignieres, were very considerable. 
They were adinitted to the Ministerial Council ; 
they had the right to advise in all matters of 
finance, and they were authorized to appoint 
Resident Inspectors. The svtccess of his work of 
that period in Egypt was borne witness to by 
Lord Granville in the House of Lords in 1881, 
when he stated that the system " had un- 
doubtedly worked admirably for the finances and 
administration of Egypt." Towards the end 
of 1880 Sir John Strachey's resignation left 
vacant the post of Finance Minister of India. 
Mr. Baring received the appointment under the 
Marquis of Ripon, who was then Viceroy, and 
during his tenure of office framed and carried 
three successful budgets. In 1883 he was made 
a K.C.S.I., and became and has since remained 
Consul-General and Minister Plenipotentiary in 
Egypt. Sir Evelyn Baring had not been many 
years in Egypt before the memorable financial 
crisis occurred. It had been evident for some 
time that tho finances of the country must be 
again taken in hand by the Powers. There was 
the question of meeting the heavy liability of 
the Alexandrian Indemnity, as well as the debts 
due to the rebellion and to the war in the Sudan. 
The question also as to the distribution of the 
Revenue between the Government and the Bond- 
holders had assumed an acute phase. The law 
of Liquidation under which the Public creditor 
" starved the Government " could not be altered 
without the consent of the Great Powers. To 
raise a new loan required the consent not only 
of the great Powers, but of Turkey. As an 
initial step towards procming these consents the 
British Government appointed a Committee, of 
which Sir Evelyn Baring was one, to examine 
and report. A Conference was held in London 
for the purpose of discussing the schemes put 
forward by this Committee, but the Conference 
broke up without coming to any agreement. 
After many negotiations an arrangement was 
come to whereby a loan of £9,000,000 sterling 
was agreed to be issued. In connexion with this 
transaction Sir Evelyn rendered one of the 
most valuable of his many important services 
to the prosperity of Egypt. £8,000,000 of this 
new loan was apphed to the Liquidation of the 
Indemnities and to wiping out the deficits of the 
three previous years. The remaining £1,000,000 
was the smu of money which enabled the Consul- 

General to work such a marvellous change in 
the economic condition of the country. It was 
life and death to Egypt to put the great Central 
Works upon which the irrigation of the country 
depended into proper order. This extra million 
provided the necessary capital to save the irriga- 
tion system and with it the finances of Egypt. No 
sooner was the financial position of the country 
dealt with than Sir Evelyn Baring entered into 
his long struggle for reforms ; how he has suc- 
ceeded the present state of prosperity of the 
country is sufficient proof. In 1892 Sir Evelyn 
Baring was raised to the peerage under the title 
of Lord Cromer, and in the same year occurred 
the untimely death of Tewfik Pasha and the 
descent of the Khediviate to his son. It was 
not long before Lord Cromer's struggles again 
commenced. In Jan. of the following year 
Abbas declared war, so to speak, with the British 
Government. A sharp but short struggle ensued, 
but it was followed by the complete victory of 
the Consul-General. Before tliis was, however, 
accomplished. Lord Cromer had to invite His 
Highness to look from a window of the Abdin 
Palace on a British regiment parading on the 
square without. Unquestionably it was by the 
Consul-General's firmness at this critical juncture 
that British prestige and power were not seriously 
tlu'eatened. But the truce was of short dura- 
tion, for in January of 1894, the Khedive com- 
plained publicly and pointed out to the Sirdar, 
General Kitchener, the inilitary inefficiency of tlio 
force \inder hLs command. The British Consul- 
General waited on the Khedive and there de- 
manded that he should issue a general order 
expressing his approval of the discipline and 
efficiency of the army, and his satisfaction with 
the officers whose authority he had so deliberately 
attempted to overthrow. He was also required 
to remove Maher Pasha from his post at the 
War Office. These demands were complied 
with and from it may be dated a cessation of 
the struggle of the Khedive to emancipate him- 
self from British control. Lord Cromer received 
his K.C.B. in 1887, his G.C.M.G. in 1888, and 
was raised to the peerage as Baron in 1892, as 
Viscount in 1898, and Earl in 1901. He married : 
first, in 1876, Ethel Stanley, daughter of Sir 
Roland Stanley Errington, I3art. (died Oct. 16, 
1898); and second, Lady Catherine Thjmne, 
sister of the present Marquess of Bath. 

CRONJE, PiETER Aknoldus, ex-Commandant 
of the Potchefstroom District, Transvaal, of 
Palmietfontein, Schoon Spruit, Klerksdorp, 
Transvaal. During the War of Independence h e 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

commanded the Boer forces at Potchefstroom. 
At that time he ordered the summary execution 
of several British subjects who were suspected 
on wholly insufficient grounds of being spies ; 
he caused prisoners of war to work in the trenches 
where they were shot by their own comrades, 
and refused to allow women in delicate health 
to leave the fort to obtain medical aid and food. 
When the general armistice was declared he 
treacherously withheld the news from the 
besieged garrison, until, in order to save the 
lives of the wounded and the women and child- 
ren, they were compelled to surrender. 

Many years later (Jan. 1S96) Comdt. Cronje 
was in command of the commando which beat 
Dr. Jameson's forces at Vlakfontein, and received 
his surrender on condition of sparing the lives 
of the entire force. This condition when known 
to Comdt. Malan caused the greatest anta- 
gonism, and Cronje was accused of neglect of 
duty for accepting such a condition. Seeing that 
Comdt. Cronje stoutly maintained against all 
opposition that the condition should be loyally 
recognized, it was probably strong Government 
pressure which induced him later on to stretch 
the terms, explaining that the promise to spare 
the Uves was only to hold good until the prisoners 
were handed over to the Comdt. -General. 
He succeeded Gen. Joubert as Superintendent 
of Natives, and was given a seat on the Execu- 
tive. Comdt. Cronje was married, and no less 
than thirty-three of his descendants were either 
killed or died of disease in the field or concentra- 
tion camps during tha last S.A. War. Mrs. 
Cronje herself died of paralysis at the age of 
64 at the latter end of 1903. 

of Hanover, Cape Colony, is the dau. of a German 
Missionary of the L.M.S., and has WTitten a 
number of interesting stories of South African 
life, besides frequently using her pen in further- 
ance of her political sympathies which are 
decidedly pro-Boer. She married in 1894, Mr. 
S. C. CronwTight, who thereupon adopted the 
surname of Cronwright-Schreiner (q.v.). 

M.L.A., of Hanover, Cape Colony, is son of the 
late S. C. Cronwright, who for many years 
represented Grahamstown in the Cape Legis- 
lature. Mr. Cronwright-Schreiner is a mem- 
ber of the Afrikander Bond, and came over to 
England during the late S.A. War to lec- 
ture and represent the views of the pro-Boers. 
His tour was a complete failure, however, as no 

British audience would give hinti a hearing. In 
Dec. 1902 he defeated the Progressive candidate, 
Mr. Macfarlane, at Colesberg, and at the 
general election in Feb. 1904 he was elected for 
Beaufort West. 

He published in 1895, " The Political Situa- 
tion," jointly with his wife, Olive Schreiner 
(q.v.) whose surname he added to his own on the 
occasion of his marriage in 1894. 

CROOKSHANK, Dr. Harry Matjle, Pasha, 
F.R.C.S. (Edin.), F.R.G.S., Grand Cordon of the 
Order of the Medjidieh, Order of the Osmanieh 
(2nd class), Knt. of Grace, Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem ; of Cairo ; of the Junior Carlton 
(Lond. ) and the Turf and Khedivial Sporting 
(Cairo) Clubs, was born in Cuddalore, India, in 
1 849. He is 3rd son of the late Capt. C. Crook- 
shank, 51st Regt., and grandson of Col. A. 
Crookshank, K.H. 33rd Regt. Dr. Crook- 
shank was educated at Boulogne-s.-M. and at 
Cheltenham. He served as surgeon to the 
British Red Cross Soc. during the Franco-Ger- 
man (1870-71), Turko-Servian (1876), Turko- 
Russian (1877) and Sudan (1885) wars ; was 
Inspector-Gen. of Egyptian Prisons Administra- 
tion from 1883 to 1897 ; British Controller-Gen. 
of the Daira Sanieh Administration from 1897 ; 
and is Director of the Daira Sanieh Co. and of the 
Standard Life Insurance Co. He married, in 
1891, Emma Walraven, onlv dau. of Major S. 
Comfort, of New York, U.S.A. 

CROSBIE, R., was senior member of the Cape 
Legislative Assembly for the Pro\ance of Albany 
until 1903. 

CROSBIE, W., M.L.A., represents the elec- 
toral division of Vryburg in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape Legislative Assembly. He 
was returned vmopposed at the election in 1904. 

CROSSE, Rev. A. J. W., formerly vicar of 
Rye, Sussex, was given the living of St. Cyprian's, 
Durban, in 1902, rendered vacant through the 
resignation of Canon Johnson. 

CUNNINGTON, William Alfred, Ph.D. 
(Jena), of 13, The Chase, Clapham Common, 
Surrey, and of Christ's Coll., Camb., was born 
Aug. 31, 1877 ; was educated at Mill Hill Sch., 
the Royal Coll. of Science, Lond., Jena, and Cam- 
bridge. He was appointed Demonstrator of 
Zoology at the Royal Coll. of Science. Diiblin, 
in 1899; took his"^Ph.D. degree in 1902; was 
Research Student at Christ's Coll. Camb., 1902, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


and left in charge of a scientific expedition to 
Tanganyika in 1904. Unmarried. 

CURREY, H. L., M.L.A. An advocate by 
profession, he was retiorned unopposed to 
represent George (C.C.) in the Legislative 
Assembly in the Bond interest in Nov. 1902, and 
was re-elected at the general election in Feb. 

CURRIE, James, B.A., of Khartoum, and of 
the Turf Club, Cairo, was born at Edinburgh in 
1868 ; was educated at Fettes Coll. Edin., and 
graduated at Lincoln Coll., Oxon. He was 
appointed Director of Education under the 
Sudan Govt., and Principal of the Gordon Coll., 
Khartoum, in 1900. Umnarried. 

DALGETY-CAMPBELL, Daloety Gordon, 
Hon. Lieut. N.S.W. Forces, of the Barberton 
Dist. Club, was born at Sydney, N.S. Wales, 
Oct. 21, 1877. He comes from an old Argyll and 
Aberdeenshire family, and is a covisin of Lady 
Trafalgar, who married the eldest son of the 
3rd Earl Nelson in 1879. He is also cousin of 
Col. Dalgety of Wepener fame. Mr. Dalgety- 
Campbell was educated at Oxley Coll. and 
Hawksbury Agricultural Col., N.S. Wales, and 
has had a varied career in Aiistralia, China, 
Africa and other parts of the globe. In early 
life he was for a short period in the Navy ; he 
spent a short time with an exploring party in 
China, later on he was bookkeeper in a store in 
Parkes, N.S.W., and eventually went into the 
backblocks of Australia as a schoolmaster. A 
year later saw him as one of the best kno-wn 
cross-country and steeplechase riders in the 
colony, at which he earned his living ; he, how- 
ever, abandoned this means of livelihood and 
after engaging as a professional cycle rider, 
milkman, drover, fencer and miner he drifted 
into jom-nalism. He was for some time editor 
of the Wyalong " Advocate," published in a 
small township in N.S. Wales. When the Boer 
war broke out he went to Sydney, joined the 
N.S. Wales M.I., and came to Africa as a trooper. 
He was severely wounded at Vet River, May 1, 
1900. When Pretoria fell, he raced with Bennet 
Burleigh, the war correspondent, to see who 
would be first man to enter the capital. He 
reached the Artillery Barracks first, took pos- 
session, and vvhen some hours later the troops 
entered IMr. Campbell handed the barracks over 
to Major Marker, D.S.O., of the Coldstream 
Guards, A.D.C. to Lord Ivitchener. Among 
the prisoners in the barracks at the time were the 

famous Lt. Mike Du Toit, Major Erasmus, and 
Lt. Cordua, who was subsequently executed for 
being impUcated in the attempt to kidnap Lord 
Roberts. At the hour of Mr. Campbell's entry 
there were about 4,000 Boers in the town, guns, 
etc. At Diamond Hill, June 13, he was again 
severely woiuided and invahded to Australia, 
Six months later he was again in S.A., in 
command of a squadron of Mounted Rifles, re- 
taining the command until peace was declared ; 
after which he resigned his commission and was 
appointed as Special Travelling Correspondent 
to the " Leader." His articles ran in the 
" Leader " for weeks, and were noted for their 
fine descriptive power. Subsequently Capt. 
Campbell was appointed to the Central Re- 
patriation Commission sitting in Johannesburg ; 
he resigned this position and took over the editor- 
ship of the " Gold Fields News," Barberton. 
From here he went to England on journalistic 
work, retxirned to the Transvaal and is now 
editing the " Transvaal Advertiser." Mr. 
Campbell has come prominently before Lord 
Milner and Sir Arthur Lawley. 

DALRYMPLE, Capt. Hon. John James, J.P., 
of the Guards' (London) and New (Edin.) Clubs, 
only son of Viscount Dalrymple, and grandson 
of the Earl of Stair, was born in London, Feb. 1, 
1879. He was educated at Harrow and Sand- 
hiu-st, passing into the Scots Guards, Feb. 1898 ; 
Lieut., Oct. 1899 ; Capt., June 1903. He 
served in S.A. with the 1st Battn. Scots Guards 
from Jan. 1900, to July 1902 (Queen's medal, 5 
clasps ; King's medal, 2 clasps). He is a mem- 
ber of the King's Bodyguard, Scottish Archers 
(1903), and J. P. for Wigtonshire. His recrea- 
tions are shooting and fishing. 

DAVEL, F. R., M.L.A. A member of the 
Afrikander Bond, sitting in the Cape Legislative 
Assembly as the representative of Graaft'-Reinet. 

DAVEY, Thomas Garby, F.G.S., M.I.M.M., 
M.A.I.M.E., was born in Spain ; he was educated 
in England and verj' soon turned his attention 
to the study of minuig, following up liis theo- 
retical knowledge with a practical experience 
commencing in the silver and other mines of 
Spain and Australia. In the United States he 
has been retained to report upon the gold and 
copper of Arizona and elsewhere, and has lately 
been appointed Consulting Engineer to the 
Northerii Copper (B.S.A.) Co., Ltd., and the 
Rhodesian Copper Co., Ltd. In addition to his 
professional work on behalf of iiidividuals he has 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

found leisure at different times to act as lecturer 
on mining to the Technical College at Sydney 
(N.S.W.)» where he was the founder and a 
director of a School of Mines, and in 1895 was 
appointed Examiner in Metallurgy of the various 
Schools of Mines in the State of Victoria. He 
acted as a Shire Councillor for the Bright district 
of that colony for seven years, during which time 
he was once President of the Council, and was 
Justice of the Peace from 1895 until the ter- 
mination of his residence in Victoria. 

DAVIDSON, Walter Edward, M.L.C, 
C.M.G., Palmes Academiques (en Or.) ; of Pre- 
toria ; of 62, Brook Street, W., and of the Sports 
dub, was born at Valetta, Malta, in 1859. He 
was educated at Christ's Coll., Camb. (Scholar), 
and entered the Civil Service in 1880 ; has filled 
the posts of Magistrate, Judge and Commissioner, 
besides which he has been Secy, of the Ceylon 
Section of the Colonial and Indian Exhibition 
(1886) ; Mayor of Colombo, Ceylon, 1896-97 ; 
representative of the Govt, of Ceylon at the 
Exposition Universelle, Paris (1900), for his 
services in connection with which he was made 
Officer d'Instruction Publique (France) ; and 
special officer to deal with Waste Lands, Ceylon, 
1901. He has also written two books on the 
resources of Ceylon, 1886 and 1900. He was 
Colonial Secy, of the Transvaal from 1902 to 
1903, and is a member of its Legislative and 
Executive Councils. Mr. Davidson was married 
in 1882 ; is a widower, and has one son at Balliol 
Coll., Oxon. 

DAVIES W. D., of Johannesburg. "Karri" 
Davies (as he is generally called) was one of the 
two Reform prisoners who, when the question of 
petitioning for soiTie mitigation of their sentences 
was raised, consistently refused to sacrifice their 
self respect by making such a supplication to 
the Govt, which had treated them in what they 
deemed to be a dishonest and treacherous 
manner. Those only who can comprehend the 
terribly insanitary condition of a Boer gaol, 
where blacks and whites were huddled together 
as ordinary felons, fed on the worst of fare and 
continually subject to the harsh treatment of 
the gaolers, can appreciate fully such a sacrifice 
to principle when a word would have effected their 
release. He took part in the recent S.A. War. 

DAVIES, William Thomas Frederick, B.S., 
M.D. (Lend.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.), D.S.O., of 
Johannesbvira, was born at Swansea, Aug. 13, 
1860. He is son of Dr. E. Davies, Medical Officer 

of Health, Swansea, and grandson of P. F. 
Bluett, of Holcombe Court, Holcombe Regis ; 
was educated privately and at Guy's Hospital. 
He went to S.A. to practise in 1889 ; was a mem- 
ber of the Reform Committee in 1896, for which 
he underwent trial and imprisonment. In the 
late S.A. War he served as Surgeon-Major in the 
I.L.H., being present at Elandslaagte and the 
siege of Ladysmith ; was afterwards in medical 
charge of Col. Mahon's relief column to Mafeking, 
and was invalided home in Aug., 1900. 

DAVIS, Alexander, of 73, Brondesbury Rd., 
London, N.W., and 16, Devonshire Square, E.C., 
was born in London ; was educated privately 
and studied in Germany. He has spent the best 
part of his life in S.A., in commerce, travel, 
prospecting and joiu-nalism. He was one of the 
early hands at the Lydenburg Goldfields, settling 
afterwards in Swaziland imder King Umbandine, 
trading and hunting the eastern littoral. After 
prospecting in Barberton he settled on the Rand 
and eventually followed the stream northwards 
to Bulawayo, where he was in laager during the 
siege (1896). There he established the "Bula- 
wayo Sketch," which he edited and illustrated, 
and ran it for some years until he thought the 
time was ripe for Rhodesia to be represented by 
a journal in London, hence the weekly " Rho- 
desia," which, however, he closed down in 1902, 
when invited to assume the editor.ship of the 
" African Review." Mr. Davis is a keen 
disciple of Cecil Rhodes, a devotee of art, an 
amateur sculptor, and a student of pliilosophy 
and ethics. He is the author of " The Native 
Problem," " Umbandine, a Romance of Swazi- 
land," and a contributor of articles and reviews 
to current literature. He married, at Durban, 
Arabelle, dau. of the late Edwin Selig, of Man- 

DAWKINS, Sir Clinton Edward, K.C.B., 1st 
class Medjidieh, of 38, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W., 
Polesden Lacey, Dorking, and of the Athenaeum, 
Brooks', the City, and Cosmopolitan Clubs, 
is the son of Clinton G. C. Dawkins, of the 
Foreign Office. He was born 1859, in London, 
and was educated at Cheltenham Coll., and 
Balliol Coll., Oxford, where he graduated 
M.A., taking honours in Moderations and Greats. 
Sir Clinton acted as Private Secy, to Lord Cross 
of the India Office in 1886, and Private Sec. to 
Mr. Goschen, when Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, in 1889. He was a representative of 
the Peruvian Corporation in S. America, 1891 ; 
was Under-Secy. for Finance in Egypt, 1895, and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Financial Member of the Council of the Gover- 
nor-General of India, 1899. He became a 
partner in Messrs. J. S. Morgan & Co. in 1900, 
and was Chairman of the Committee of War 
Office Re-organization, 1901. Lord Milner's 
famous " England in Egypt " contains an appen- 
dix from Sir Clinton's pen. His recreations are 
fencing, huntmg, shooting, etc. He married in 
1888, Louise Johnston. 

DE BEER, M. J., M.L.A., represents Picquet- 
berg in the Bond interest in the Cape House of 
Assembly. He was elected in Feb. 1904. 

DE KOCK, J. W., M.L.A., represents Mafe- 
king in the Progressive interest in the Cape 
Legislative Assembly, to which he was elected in 

DE LA REY, Ex-Gen. Jacobus Hendrick, 
represented the Lichtenburg Dist. of the Trans- 
vaal in the First Raad for three years and was 
regarded as moderate in politics, with a predi- 
lection for progress. He served right through 
the Boer War, and if not the most brilliant, from 
a military point of view, of the Boer generals, he 
followed close on the reputation of Commandant 
Louis Botha. He was responsible for Lord 
Methuen's unfortunate defeat at Tweebosch 
early in INIarch, 1902 — practically the last affair 
of importance in the S.A. War, and took 
an important part in the peace negotiations, and 
subsequent efforts to alter the conditions of peace. 
His wife is about to publish a book entitled " My 
Rambles and Experiences during the War." 
He was first Pros, of the Western Transvaal 
Farmers' Association, the policy of which is to 
co-operate cordially with the new Govermnent. 

DE MEIRELLES, Viscount, Francisco de 
Menezes Meibelles Do Canto e Castro, 
K.C.M.G. (Nov. 9, 1902), Knight Commander of 
the Order of Om* Lady of Conception, of Villa 
Vi90sa, and Officer of the Order of Santiago for 
Literary and Scientific Merit ; of Guinta de San 
Matheris, Dafmido, Portugal, and Potsdamer- 
strasse, Berlin, is the son of Senhor Andre 
Meirelles do Tavora do Canto e Castro, 
Knight Commander of the Order of Christ, and 
Dona Anna de Menezes de Lemos e Carvalho. 
The Meirelles are an old Portuguese family of 
Northern Portugal, a branch of which settled at 
Terceira (Azores) in the fifteenth century. The 
male members have the hereditary rank of Knight 
of the Royal Household (Fidalgo Cavalleiro da 
Caza Real). The present Viscount was born 

Nov. 21, 1850, at Angra do Heroismo, Terceira 
Island, Azores. He was Director of the Cvistoms, 
Mozambique, 1875-79, idem at Goa (Portuguese 
India), 1879-81 ; Consul and afterwards Consul- 
General in British India, 1883-91, and Governor 
of Manica e Sofala (Mozambique), 1894-95, 1897 
and 1899-1901. The Viscount de Meirelles is 
best known as the Portuguese Governor, who, 
at Beira (chief town of the Manica and Sofala 
Territories) in 1900 welcomed so warmly the 
Colonial Troops (Canadian and Australian Con- 
tingents) which landed there on their way to 
Rhodesia. He was one of the first among his 
countrymen to perceive that the future relations 
of Portugal and Great Britain largely depended 
upon the way the British troops were received 
at that delicate juncture. His speeches (especi- 
ally the one he made at the dinner he offered 
to Gen. Sir Frederick Carrington) were then 
much commended in tlae Portuguese Press, and 
also in the English papers all over the world, 
including the "Times." Shortly afterwards the 
Lisbon Govt, did not approve of some local 
measirre promulgated at Beira by Governor 
Meirelles, and he was dismissed in May, 1901. 
In the Order to the British Army issued by Lord 
Roberts at the end of that year the Portuguese 
Governor was referred to as one of the few 
foreigners who were deserving of honourable 
mention for his attitude during the war. Later 
on (May, 1902) Counsellor Meirelles was created 
a Portuguese Viscount, and in the following Nov., 
on the birthday of H.M. King Edward VII, he 
was made a K.C.M.G. At present he is an 
Attache for Commercial Affairs to the Portu- 
guese Legation in Berlin. Viscount Meirelles 
is a Counsellor to H.M. tlie King of Portugal. 
He married, April 9, 1875, Dona Maria-Carlota 
da Costa Freitas. 

DE MOLEYNS, Lieut.-Col. Hon. Frederick 
RossMORE Wauchope Evebleigh,D.S.O. (1897), 
of Salisbury, Mashonaland, was born Dec. 11, 
1861 ; is the eldest son and heir of the 4th Lord 
Ventry. He was educated at Harrow, and 
entered the 4th Hussars in 1883. In 1889 he 
was A.D.C. to Lord Hopetoun, when he was 
seconded from his regt. He rejoined in 1890, 
acting as Adjt. from 1893 to 1896. In May of 
that year he obtained leave to proceed to S.A., 
and was employed on Sir Fred. Carrington' s 
Staff, serving through most of the campaign in 
Matabeleland, and afterwards in Mashonaland 
(mentioned in despatches, and D.S.O.), where he 
was appointed Commissioner of Police. He 
retired from the service in 1901. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

DEMPERS, Hon. H. J., M.L.C., was menaber 
of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the pro- 
vince of Caledon until the general election of 
Feb. 1904, when he was returned to the Legis- 
lative Council as representative of the South- 
western Circle. He is a member of the Bond. 

DENNY, George Alfred ; mem. of the 
Australian, American and North of Eng. In- 
stitutes of Mining Engineers ; of Yeoville, 
Johannesburg, and of the Rand Club, was born 
at Bathurst, New South Wales, Feb. 28, 1868. 
He was educated at various institutions in New 
South Wales, and attended science lectures at 
Ballarat Sch. of Mines. He acted as Asst. En- 
gineer to various mining cos. in Australia, 
1888-90 ; was Inspecting Engineer in America 
and Europe for London groups, 1891-92 ; was 
engaged on construction work, 1892-95 ; was 
Consulting Engineer to the Klerksdorp Prop. 
Mines from 1895 to 1897, since when he has 
acted in a similar capacity to the General Mining 
& Finance Corporation, Ltd. Mr. Denny is the 
originator of new metalliu-gical processes prin- 
cipally relating to the continuous and automatic 
treatment of gold ore slimes ; is the author of 
" Klerksdorp Goldfields," " Diamond Drilling," 
" Deep Level Mines of the Rand," and frequently 
contributes to Scientific Societies on technical 
subjects. He married. Mar. 5, 1903, Winifred, 
dau. of Fred. Bennett, J. P., of Durban. 

DENTON, Sib George Ch.ajrdin, K.C.M.G., 
C.M.G., of Government House, Gombia ; Hill- 
top, Oxford ; and of the Naval and Military, 
Wyndham, and Grosvenor Clubs, is the only 
siu-viving son of the late Rev. Robert A. Denton, 
rector of Stower Provost, Dorset, where he was 
born on Jvme 22, 1851. He was educated at 
Rugby, and by private tutors. He entered the 
Army (57th Regt.) 18G9, became Lieut. 1871, 
Captain in 1878, and retu'ed in 1878. Joining 
the Civil Service, he was Chief of Police at St. 
Vincent in 1880, and Col. Secy, at Lagos, 1888. 
He administered the Governments of St. Vincent 
and Lagos on various occasions for long periods 
between 1885 and 1900, when he was appointed 
Administrator of the Gambia. He married, in 
1879, Jean Margaret Alan, dau. of the late Alan 
Stevenson, C.E., F.R.S. 

DE SMIDT, Hon. A. G., M.L.C. is a member 
of the Cape Legislative Council for the South- 
West Circle, and was last re-elected to the Upper 
House in Feb. 1904. He holds his seat in the 
Progressive interest. 

DE VILLIERS, Johan Zulch, of Standerton, 
Transvaal, was born at the Paarl, C.C, July 12, 
1845, and is of Huguenot descent. He was 
educated at the Paarl Gymnasium and privately 
by Dr. Rose Innes at Cape Town. After 
leaving school he was appointed Secy, to the 
Paarl Wine & Brandy Co., but on the Basuto 
War breaking out he joined the Free State forces, 
and after fifteen months' fighting settled in a 
mercantile house at Fauresmith, shortly after- 
wards (May, 1868) entering the Civil Service as 
Public Prosecutor at Boshof, O.F.S. He then 
became private secy, to the late President, Sir 
John Brand ; then first clerk to the Govt. Secy., 
and successively Secy, to the Volksraad, Regis- 
trar of the High Coiirt, Landdrost of Boshof 
(1871), Landdrost of Harrismith (1875), which he 
relinquished (1881) at the request of the trium- 
virate composed of Kriiger, Joubert and Pre- 
torius to become Landdrost of Pretoria, during 
which time he also acted for six months as 
Attorney-General. From July, 1890, to July, 
1895, he was Govt. Secy., Treasurer 
and Landdrost for Swaziland vmder the dual 
Govt. He was later appointed Special Land- 
drost of the Pilgrim's Rest Gold Fields, and 
Biu-gomaster of Johannesbm"g, Oct. 1897, which 
post he held imitil the British occupation. 

Mr. de Villiers passed under the old law of 
the Free State as an Attorney, which gave hiiTi 
the right to practise as an advocate of the High 
Court. He is a Masonic Knight of the R. Cross. 
He married, Nov. 1, 1870, Susanna Margaretha 
de VilHers, first cousin to Sir Henry de 
Villiers, Cliief jListice of the Cape of Good 

DE VILLIERS, Melius, B.A., LL.B., of 
WjTiberg, C.C, is the son of the late C. C. de 
Villiers of Paarl, C.C. He was born at Paarl, 
Sept. 5, 1849, and educated at the Paarl 
Gymnasium and the S.A. Coll., Cape Town, 
gradviating B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape Univ. 
He was appointed Second then First Puisne 
Judge and subsequently Chief Justice of the 
High Court of the O.F.S. But it is as an 
Arbitrator in several disputes between the 
British and Transvaal Govts, that he is prin- 
cipally known. In 1885 he was the Arbitra- 
tor between the two Governments regarding the 
Western Boundary of the Transvaal, and sub- 
sequently he was an Arbitrator between the 
same Govts, as to a question arising under the 
London Convention with regard to the position 
of H.B.M. Indian subjects in the Transvaal. 
He is the author of " The Roman and Roman- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Dutch Law of Injuries " (1899). He married 
Miss A. Holmes-Orr, dau. of the Rev. W. 
Hohnes-Orr, of West Lysford Rectory, Somer- 
set, England, 

DE WAAL, David C, M.L.A., of Cape Town, 
was born at Modder, Stellenbosch, C. C, 
and comes of an old colonial stock, his father 
and grandfather having fought against the 
Britisli at Blaauwberg. He followed first the 
calling of farmer, and then became an iron- 
monger and merchant at Cape Town, which he 
formerly represented on the Town Council. He 
was Mayor of Cape Town in 1889-90, when he 
marked his year of office by planting an avenue 
of trees in the street which bears his name. He 
has for a long time represented Picquetberg in 
the House of Assembly ; is a Protectionist ; a 
member of the Bond ; generally accompanied 
Mr. Rhodes on his joiurneys in the Cape, and 
remained his faithful cliampion dm'ing the 
troubles following on the Raid. He also warmly 
supported Lord Milner in the Hoiise, energetic- 
ally protesting against the eimiity to the British 
being encouraged and kept alive in the Cape 
Parliament (Sept. 1902). Mr. de Waal has 
travelled extensively in Europe as well as in 
S.A. He was not re-elected at the general 
elections in 1904. 

DE WAAL, Nicholas Frederick, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legisative Assembly for 
the province of Colesberg, for wliich constituency 
he was last elected in Feb. 1904. He is a member 
of the Bond. 

DE WET, Christia>t Rudolf, of the O.R.C., 
farmer. Ex-Gen. De Wet fought right 
through the S.A. War, 1899-1902. Al- 
though a man of considerable local influence, 
he entered the Heilbron Commando as an 
ordinary burgher, but was elected Vice-Comdt. 
on the day the ultimatum expired. The 
sliill and boldness he displayed at Nicholson's 
Nek attracted Pres. Steyn's attention, and at 
Magersfontein he found himself in command 
of the O.F.S. contingent with Gen. Cronje, 
whose second in command he was. His 
capture of our convoy at Waterval and his 
gallant attempt to relieve Cronje at Paarde- 
berg were the prelude to his appointment as 
Commander-in-Chief of the Free State forces. 
Meanwliile the British successes of that time 
so demoralized the burghers that the general 
had to allow them a respite from military 
service. However, his accidental sucess at 

Sauna's Post, and his capture at Reddersburg, 
gave fresh courage and brought new recruits to 
his side. Many vicissitudes followed, and Gen. 
De Wet began to give evidence of his extra- 
ordinary resoiu'ces in evading the British forces 
and getting out of tight places. At the same 
time he deputed men of energy to rally those 
burghers who had already surrendered and taken 
the oath of neutrality, with great results. Once 
decided that the condition of the country would 
not permit of operations on a large scale, he 
split up his forces into small commandos and 
adopted the guerilla style, and his record now 
was mainly liarassing and riuining away, but 
so excellent were his mobility, field intelligence 
and dash when occasion prompted, that he still 
gave the greatest trouble and every now and 
then effected a coup, such as the capture of 
Col. Firman's camp at Tweefontein, soon after 
which the proclamation of peace reheved us 
of one of the most resourceful, energetic 
and capable leaders that have opposed the 
British arms in S.A. In the wider aspect of 
strategy his judgment was somewhat 
lacking ; his scruples were not always 
over fine. But he was latterlj'^ playing a 
losing game, in a huge country, with no com- 
munications and ever increasing difficulties in 
obtaining stores, munitions and horses, upon 
which his very existence depended. 

He has written a book called " Tliree Years of 
War " for which he received £10,000, and he is 
said to be contemplating a work on scouting, 
wliich would no doubt be a highly useful text- 
book for the British Army. 

DE WET, Hon. M. J., M.C.L., is member 
of the (!!ape Legislative Council for the Eastern 

DE WITT-HAIVIER, Verselewel, ex-raember 
of the Second Raad for Barberton ; took part 
with the Boer forces in the late S.A. War, was 
captured at Elandslaagte, and sent to St. 
Helena. On his return to the Transvaal, he 
took the oath in the Supreme Court, Pretoria, as 
sworn translator in several languages. 

DICKSON, George Arthur HAmLTON, 
A.R.I. B. A., of Bertramstown, Johannesburg, 
and of the Rand, Athentemn (Johannesburg), 
and Imperial Service Clubs, was born in London. 
He is son of the late Rev. Geo. Dickson, M.A., 
Vicar of St. James the Less, Westminster, and 
grandson of the late Sir David James Hamilton 
Dickson, R.N., and of Sir Henry Hunt, C.B., of 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

H.M. Office of Works. He was educated at 
Haileybury, subsequently becoming a pupil of the 
late Geo. Edmund Street, R.A., Architect to 
the new Law Coiu-ts, Strand, and on his death 
he transferred his articles to the late Sir Arthur 
Blomfield, A.R.A. He went to S.A. a few 
years later, and has since practised in Johannes- 
burg and Pretoria. Mr. Dickson is an Associate 
of the Royal Institute of British Architects ; 
Vice-Pres. of the Transvaal Association of 
Architects ; member of the S.A. Association of 
Engineers ; Diocesan Surveyor of Pretoria, and 
is also on the Committee of the Rand Club. He 
was at one time in the 1st Derbyshire Militia, 
but resigned his commission in 1890, on deciding 
to settle in S.A. On the outbreak of the S.A. 
War he was appointed Capt. in Bethune's M.I., 
and commanded " C " Squadron in the field 
throughout the war, with the exception of a 
short period from Doc. 1900 to May 1901, 
when he was invalided home. For some 
time he acted as second in command of 
his regiment (Queen's and King's medals and 
eight clasps). 

Mr. Dickson has for years been an enthusias- 
tic polo player. He popularized the game in 
Pretoria, and was for soine time Capt. of the 
Rand Polo Club, for which he still plays. 

DIETRICH, Heinrich, J.P., F.R.C.I., of 

Zeerust, District Marico, Transvaal, is son of the 
late eminent surgeon, Andreas Friedrich Die- 
trich, and was born at Altona, Germany, May 
18, 1860. He emigrated to S.A. in Oct. 
1883, where he has since resided. Although 
a burgher of the late S.A.R., he ren- 
dered excellent services to the British 
military authorities on their occupying the 
town of Zeerust, and also took a prominent part 
in the defence of the town, he having been placed 
in command of the Zeerust Town Guard by the 
British. At the conclusion the war in 1902, he 
was appointed J.P. and a member of the Health 
board for the town of Zeerust. Recently he has 
been entrusted with the charge of the Govt. 
Meteorological Station at Zeerust. In 1892 

he married the \vidow of the late August Griete, 
of Matabeleland fame, and after her death he 
married Anne, eldest dau. of the late Advocate 
Peter Johannsen, of Altona, Germany. 

DODD, Thomas R., was arrested early in 1899 
for having organized a public meeting for the 
purpose of presenting a petition to the British 
Vice-Consul on the subject of the murder of 
Edgar, by a Boer policeman. 

DOLLEY, Hon. John Frederick, M.L.C, 
was born at Witney, Oxon, in 1852, and went 
with his parents to Uitenhage six years later. 
He was for many years a member of the Uiten- 
hage Divisional and Town Councils. He was 
elected to the Cape Legislative Council in 1891, 
as member for the S.E. Province, and in his 
first season carried a resolution recommending 
the imposition of a royalty on diamonds. He 
still retains his seat in the Council. 

DONALDSON, Lieut.-Col. James, D.S.O.,of 
Johannesburg and Delagoa Bay, and of the 
Rand and New Clubs (Johan^ - --.)^ jg the son 
of a London Banker, and was _ in London, 

Feb. 28, 1863. He was educated at Edinburgh, 
went to S.A. when quite young, and was 
well-known as one of the old hands at Pilgrim's 
Rest and Lydenburg. He is now a member of 
the firm of Donaldson & Sivewright of 
Delagoa Bay and Johannesburg, and is interested 
in several commercial undertakings. In 1896, 
he was tried for high treason against the 
S.A.R. as one of the Reform Committee, 
and was mulcted in the generally imposed fine 
of £2,000. At the outbreak of the Boer War 
he joined the 1st Regt. of I.L.H. as 
Capt. and Qr.-Master, and it was largely 
owing to his efforts and bvisiness aptitude 
that the regiment was equipped sufficiently 
quickly to enable it to take part in the action 
of Elandslaagte. He was amongst the be- 
sieged in Ladysmith, and took part in the 
relief of Mafeking, after which he was appointed 
to the command of " A " Squadron I.L.H. He 
was twice mentioned in despatches, and his 
services were recognized by the D.S.O. He 
was severely wounded near Klerksdorp, and 
declared uniit for further active service. He 
obtained his majority just before the disband- 
ment of the corps and he was subsequently 
given the command of the right wing of the 
Volunteer Regiment of the I.L.H. lately formed 
in Johannesbtu-g. Col. Donaldson was a 
member of the Native Labour Commission lately 
sitting in Johannesbiu-g. He is a keen sports- 
man ; has imported some good racing stock, and 
just before the war he won the Johannesburg 
Handicap. He married, Aug. 5, 1903, Miss N. 
Newton, of New Zealand. 

DONALDSON, Kenneth Macleay, of 
Johannesburg (where he is popularly Itnown as 
"Ken"), was born in London, Aug. 27, 1864. 
He is the younger brother of Lieut.-Col. James 
Donaldson, D.S.O. (q.v.), and saw active 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


eervice in the Sudan, 1884-5, during which 
time he acted as War Correspondent and Artist 
for the late " Pictorial World." He was svibse- 
quently decorated with the Egyptian medal, 
Suakin clasp, and bronze star. He went to 
S.A. in 1889, and was well loiown in Bar- 
berton and district till 1893. Early in 1894 
he arrived in Johannesburg and in conjunction 
with his present partner, Mr. S. W. R. Hill, 
originated, and successfully developed, 
Donaldson & Hill's South African Directories. 
On the day of the great dynamite explosion in 
Johannesburg (Feb. 19, 1896) he married Miss 
Violet Helen Brereton, a grand-daughter of the 
late Canon Brereton, of Bedford, England, by 
whom he has one son. 

DOUGLASS, Hon. Arthur, of Heatherton 
Towers, Grahamstown, C.C., and of the 
Civil Ser\'ice (C.T.) and Rand Clubs, was born 
at Market Harborough, Leicestershire, Jan., 
1843 ; is 5th son of L. Douglass, Solicitor, 
JIarket Harborough ; was educated at the Leicep- 
ter Collegiate Sch., and served as a midshipman 
in the Royal Na\'y. He went to the Cape as a 
land surveyor in 1864, and started farming and 
the domestication of ostriches. He was Capt. 
of the " Rovers " in the Kafir war of 1878, when 
he was present at the Peri Bush engagement ; 
in the Morosi campaign of 1879 was Capt. in the 
1st Cape Yeomanry Regt., and served in the 
Boer War as Major and O.C. the Albany 
Mounted Troops. He entered the Cape Asserablj'^ 
as member for Grahamstown, at the general 
election in 1884, and represented that constitu- 
ency with slight intermission from that time 
until, in Feb. 1904, the Progressives rejected 
him at the general election. Failing there he 
put up unsuccessfully for Woodstock. He went 
out of the Govt, with Sir Gordon Sprigg's 
resignation foUomng the result of the elections. 
He is a Moderate in politics ; was associated with 
the Anti-Svispensionist party ; and joined Sir 
Gordon Sprigg's Cabinet as Minister for Railways 
and Commissioner of Public Works. During Sii' 
Gordon's absence in England, in the summer of 
1902, he acted as Premier of the Colony, and later 
in the year (Sept.) made a violent attack upon 
the High Commissioner for making unreasonable 
demands upon the Govt, railways. 

He has published a work entitled " Ostrich 
Farming in South Africa." Mr. Douglas 
married in 1867, Martha Emily, 2nd daughter of 
Joseph Perkins, of Laughton, Leicestershne. 

DRAKE, Francis Martin, of Del Norte, 

Hougton Estate, Johannesburg, and of the 
Rand, New and Athenaeum Clubs, Johannes- 
burg, was born at Campo Seco, California, Feb. 
4, 1858, his father being a Calif ornian mining 
man whose ancestors migrated from Devonshire 
to America early in the 19th century, while his 
mother belonged to an old family of New 
Brunswick, British North America. Mr. F. W. 
Drake was educated at public schools at San 
Francisco, afterwards studying privately. At 
the age of 17, he made his first acquaintance with 
mines in the U.S.A., where he remained until 
1883, when he left for Australia. In that year 
he put up the first silver-lead smelting water- 
jacketed furnace in AustraUa, which was the 
pioneer of many others. Returning to S.A., he 
iDecame in 1896 Consulting Mining Engineer to 
the Compagnie Fran9aise de Mines d'Or et de 
I'Afrique du Sud, and is at present the principal 
manager of that Company's affairs in S.A. He 
is also a Director of the Rand Mines, Ltd., the 
East Rand Proprietary Mines, and other leading 
Witwatersrand Cos. He is also on the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Chamber of Mines 

He married, in 1888, Miss Agnes Matilda 
Mackey, of Bendigo, Victoria. 

DREW, Rev. Dewdney, W. First became 
famous in Johannesburg for his rabid attacks 
on Mr. Kriiger's regime. Latterly he became the 
champion and apologist of the Cape Colonial 
rebels. In 1902 he joined the staff of the " South 
African News." Ed. " Tlie Friend," 1904. 

DUGMORE, G. E., M.L.A., sits in the Cape 
House of Assembly in the Progressive interest as 
the representative of the electoral division 
of Wodehouse. 

DUNBAR, Sir Drtjmmond Miles, Bart, of 
Johannesburg, acted for four years as Inspector of 
]Mines' Sanitation under the Kriiger regime, 
a post which he subsequently resumed (1902) 
under the British administration. He married 
Maria Louisa, dau. of J. H. Smith, of Melville 
Park, Lower Albany, S.A. 

DUNCAN, Patrick, of Pretoria, Transvaal, 
was born in Banffshire, Scotland, and was edu- 
cated at Edinbm-gh University and BaHol Coll., 
Oxon. He occupies the position of Colonial 
Treasurer of the Transvaal, and for the time 
being fills the post of Treasiu-er-Gen. 

DUNN, Sir William, Bart., M.P., J.P. for 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

the Counties of Renfrew and Suffolk, of 3, 
Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, W. ; the Re- 
treat, Lakenheath, Suffolk ; and of the Reform, 
City and City Liberal Clubs ; is the son of John 
Dunn and Isabella Chalmers, was born at 
Paisley, 1833, where he was educated at a private 
school. Sir William is a senior partner in the 
banking and mercantile firms of William Dunn 
& Co., Broad Street Avenue, E.C. ; Mackie, 
Dunn & Co., Port Elizabeth ; W. Dunn & Co., 
Durban; Dunn & Co., East London, and was 
formerly Consul for the O.F.S. He is a 
Director of the Royal Exchange Assurance and 
Union Discount Cos. He is the first baronet, 
created 1895. Sir William has been M.P. for 
Paisley since 1891, and is a Fellow of the Royal 
Geographical Society. He married Sarah 
Elizabeth, dau. of James Howse, Grahamstown, 

DUNNE, Col. Walter Alphonsus, C.B., of 
28, Victoria St., S.W., and of the Junior United 
Service Club ; son of the late Jas. Dunne of 
Dublin, was born Feb. 10, 1853 ; was educated 
at Queen's Univ., Ireland ; joined the Ai-my 
in 1873, and has seen active service in the 
Kafu- War of 1877-8 ; the Zulu War (being 
present at Rorke's Drift and Ulundi) ; the Seku- 
kimi Expedition of 1880 (despatches), the Boer 
War lsSO-1 (siege of Potchefstroom ; des- 
patches) ; the Egyptian Campaign, 1882, 
(present at Tel-el-Kebir) ; and the Suakin Ex- 
pedition, 1885. Col. Dunne has been Asst. 
Q.M.G. at Army Headquarters since Jan. 1900, 
and represents the War Office on the Army 
Med. Advisory Board. He married, Jvily 23, 
1885, Winifred, davi. of the late John Bird, 
C.M.G., Treasurer of Natal. 

DUNTON, Henry, son of the late Rev. C. 
Dunton, of Bedford, England, who proceeded 
to S.A. when quite young, is a member 
of the firm of Dunton Bros., wholesale mer- 
chants, having branches in many parts of S.A. 
For many years, until the beginning of the late 
war, was the managing partner in Johannes- 
burg, where there was a large wholesale branch of 
the firm. He was married in 1901 to a daughter 
of the late Capt. Gayer, R.N. ; for the last few 
years has spent his time between S.A. and 

DU PLESSIS, Andeus Stephanus, M.L.A., 
represents the constituency of Albert in the Cape 
Legislative Assembly ; is a good speaker, and 
takes a special interest in coal. He was last 

elected in Feb. 1904, and is a member of the 
S.A. party. 

DU PLESSIS, Casper Jan Hendrik, was 
born at Rustenburg in 1845, and is a near 
relative of ex-Pres. Kriiger. He was said to 
enjoy a native war, and in 1891 was prevailed 
upon to stand for his native to%vn in the Second 
Volksraad. He is a member of the Gerefor- 
meerde Church. 

DU PLESSIS, David Jacobus, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Middelburg, for which division he was last 
returned unopposed in 1904. He belongs to 
the S.A. party. 

DU PLESSIS, Revd. H., formerly Mhiister 
of the Dutch Reformed Church at Lindley, 
O.R.C., was always opposed to the war which 
broke out in 1899. He became chaplain of the 
Refugee Camp at Kronstad, and earned the 
gratitude of both sides by his impartial care of 
the sick and wounded at Lindley. His strong 
British sympathies led to a boycott which re- 
sulted in his resigning his ministry, and he was 
then appointed Inspector of Schools in the 
Transvaal under the British Adminstratioa 

DU PLESSIS, Johannes Petrtts, J.P., was 
born at Gorstland Kloof, Cradock, C.C., 
where he still resides and farms. He served 
as a burgher in the Kafir War of 1852 ; served 
as Capt. of the Cradock burghers in the Kafu* 
War of 1878, and in the Basuto War of 1880. 
He has acted as Asst. -Field-Cornet since 1873, 
and has been a member of the Cradock Divi- 
sional Council since 1876. He was made a J.P. 
in 1885. He has also served as member of the 
School Committee at Cradock ; Deacon of the 
D.R. Chiu-ch, of which he is now an Elder ; 
member of the Licensing Court, and of the 
Land Commission. He was elected to the 
Cape House of Assembly in 1887, re-elected for 
Cradock at the head of the poll in 1888, and 
again in 1894. 

DU PLESSIS, Matthew Jacobus, M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
the Province of Cradock, and was last re-elected 
in 1904. He belongs to the S.A. party. 

DU TOIT, Hon. J. F., M.L.C., is member of 
the Cape Legislative Council for the Midland 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


DU TOIT, P. J., M.L.A., was originally a 
schoolmaster ; subsequently a storekeeper ; 
member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Richmond, and Pres. of the Afrikander Bond. 
He was a member of the Jameson Raid Com- 
mittee, but no longer represents Richmond in 
the House. 

DYER, Bertram L., was born May 20, 1S68, 
at Dumbleton, Gloucestershire. He is son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Dyer ; was educated at 
home and at King's Coll., London. He 
entered the War Office as clerk, but became 
assistant librarian, Toynbee Hall and Kensing- 
ton, and was appointed Librarian of Kimberley, 
1900. He was founder and fhrst editor of " The 
Library Assistant " ; has read papers before 
the Library Association, S.A. Science 
Association, etc., and has also published " The 
Public Library Systems of Great Britain, Amer- 
ica and South Africa," etc., etc. He married 
Sept. 20, 1901, Alice Cornish (du Lally) Wat- 
kins, of Kensington. 

ECKSTEIN, Friedrich, of 18, Park Lane, 
London, W., and of 1, London Wall Buildings, 
E.C., was born in Germany in 1857, and was 
educated at Stiittgart. He is brother of the 
late Hermann Eckstein, founder of the great 
Johannesburg house of H. Eckstein & Co., 
and has alwaj's taken a leading part in matters 
affecting the main industry of the Transvaal. 
Since Mr. Lionel Phillips came to England to 
join the firm of Wernher, Beit & Co., Mr. F. 
Eckstein was the virtual head of the Johannes- 
burg community. In 1902, however, he was 
himself taken into partnership with that firm. 
He is Johannesburg Chairman of the Rand 
Mines, Ltd., a Director in Johannesburg of the 
Village M.R. Co., and on the London Com- 
mittee of the South Kjiights, Ltd. He married, 
April 1890, in Johannesburg, Miss Catherine 

EDGAR, Clifford Blackburn, J. P., of 
Wedderlie, Queen's Road, Richmond, Surrey, 
and of the Royal Societies and Richmond Clubs, 
is the elder son of John Edgar, of Richmond 
Hill ; was born in 1857 and was educated at the 
Owens Coll., in Manchester, and has taken a 
Mus. Bac. (Lond. Univ.) and B.Sc. (Victoria 
Univ., Manchester), and is a member of the 
Standing Committee of Convocation. He is an 
original and still an active Director of the Niger 
Co., Ltd., and a Director of the Anglo-African 
Bank. In 1898-9 he was Mayor of Richmond, 

and has closely identified himself with Coimty 
and Municipal work, among his public positions 
being that of Member of the Surrey Comity 
Council and the Surrey Education Committee. 
He is Chairman of the Richmond Public Library 
Committee, Hon. Treasurer of the Musical 
Association, Member of Council of the Union of 
Graduates in Music, and Pres. of the Richmond 
Philharmonic Soc. His recreations are miisic 
and travel. He married, in 1883. MissFowden. 

EDGCUMBE, Sir Edward Robert Pearce, 
Knt. Bachelor, J. P., LL.D., Deputy- Lieut. ; of 
Sandye Place, Sandy, Beds., and of the Reform, 
Bedford County and Eighty Clubs, was born 
at Fordington, Dorset, March 13, 1851, and is 
the representative of the Lamerton branch of 
the Edgcumbes of Edgcumbe, near Tavistock, 
Devon, of whom the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe's 
family is another branch. He was educated 
at Cambridge Univ. K Queen's Prizeman, 
S. Kensington, 1868) ; obtained a studentship 
at the Royal Academy in 1874, and was called 
to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1877. Sir Robert 
was appointed official examiner to the High 
Court in 1883 ; contested S. Dorset in 1891 and 
1892, and was again a parliamentary candidate, 
this time for Hereford city, in 1895. He became 
High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1898. He has 
travelled considerably, and has published 
" ZephjTus, a Holiday in Brazil and the River 
Plate" (1887), " Bastiat's Economic Fallacies" 
(last edition, 1888), " Popular Fallacies regard- 
ing Bimetallism" (1896), "Parentage and 
Ivinsfolk of Sir Joshua Reynolds" (1901), and 
numerous magazine articles. In England he 
was the pioneer of the small holdings movement, 
creating many in Dorsetshire in 1888 (see Rider 
Haggard's "Rural England"). Sir Robert 
finds time to attend to many business interests 
in London, being a director of the N.W. Uru- 
guay Railway, the Nyassa Co., Balkis Land 
Co., South Rhodesia Goldfields and the Kanya 
Co. His recreations are boating, cycUng and 
travel. He married : first, in 1884, Clara Jane 
Constance Conybeare, who died Sept. 22, 1888 ; 
and second, Aug. 6, 1891, Frances, dau. of 
Adiniral F. A. C. Foley. 

EDWARDS, E. J., of Johannesburg, Trans- 
vaal, began a busy life of journalism and news- 
paper control on the staff of the " Birmingham 
Daily Mail " and the " Daily Times," pro- 
ceeding to Cape Town in 1888 as sub-editor 
of the " Cape Argus." In the following year 
the Argus Co. acquired the Johannesburg 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

" Star," and Mr. Edwards was then trans- 
ferred to the Golden City as editor pro tern. 
of that important paper. In 1891 he returned 
to Cape Town to join the staff of the " Cape 
Times," frequently acting as editor-in-charge, 
and eventually becoming managing editor. 
During his association with that jom'nal he 
represented it as special correspondent at the 
conferences between the Governors of the 
C.C. and the Pres. of the S.A.R. and O.F.S. In 
1902 Mr. Edwards negotiated, on behalf of the 
proprietors of the " Cape Times," the purchase 
of the Johannesburg " Transvaal Leader," of 
which he is now Managing Director, being also 
Resident Director of the " Cape Times, Ltd.," 
in the Transvaal Colony. 

EDWARDS, Fkedebick Georges Henry, 
M.D., F.R.C.I., of Florida Road, Durban, Natal, 
is the second son of the Hon. W. E. A. Edwards, 
M.D., C.M.G., Member of the Executive and 
Legislative Councils of Blauritius, and grandson 
of the late Hon. A. Edwards, Mayor of Port 
Louis, and Member of the Legislative Council 
of Mauritius, and great-grandson of Brig. -Gen. 
W. T. Edwards, who was killed in 1826, at 
the siege of Bhurtpore, India, He was born 
Nov. 14, 1871, in Mauritius, and was educated 
at the Royal Coll., Mauritius, and was a student 
at the Univ. of Paris, and at the Royal Colls, of 
Physicians and Svu-geons, London, graduating 
M.D., B.A., B.Sc. (tJniv. of Paris), M.R.C.S. 
Eng., L.R.C.P. Lond. He is the author of 
several well knowT.! works on Sociology, Philo- 
sophy and Medicine amongst which is the noted 
thesis on the " Acute Paralysis of the Spinal 
Cord in Adults," published in 1898 by G. Carri 
and C. Maud, edit. Paris. He has held several 
appointments as House Surgeon, House Physi- 
cian and House Accoucheur in Hospitals in 
Paris. He has studied Bacteriology at the 
Pastern* Institute in Paris, and at King's Coll., 
Lond. At present he is a general practitioner 
in Dm-ban, Natal. He married, Sept. 8, 1898, 
Marie Vincente Costar, of Paris. 

EGLINGTON, William, of Gwanda, Sidcup, 
Kent, and of the S.A. (London) and 
Colonial Clubs, is the son of Henry Eglington, 
newspaper proprietor. Educated privately, he 
read for the Bar, but subsequently forsook the 
law for journaUsm. Was editor-proprietor 
of the " New Age " and other well-knowaa pub- 
lications ; he resuscitated " TheTatler" in 1887, 
and in 1892 founded the "British and South 
African Export Gazette," of which he is editor 

and proprietor, and which is one of the leading 
and most successful commercial journals pub- 
lished. He has also been a prolific contributor 
to the magazines and daily papers on S.A. 
affairs, and is the author of a number of 
books which have been widely read. These 
include " The Sportsman in South Africa." H© 
has travelled widely and has shot practically 
everything there is to shoot in S.A. His 
collection of trophies is most complete, and 
nimabers outwards of fifty-two varieties of 
antelopes, including every S.A species. 
He was the vice-chairman of the Anglo-African 
Writer's Club m 1895 and chairman in 1896. 
His recreations are shooting, golf, cycling, 
yachting. He married, on April 28, 1887, Lile, 
only daughter of Edward Chambers Connolly, 
of Chfton. 

EIFFE, Lieut. Franz Ferdinand, 9th 
Sharpshooters (Landwehr), Knt. Commander 
of the Mecklenburg Order of the Falcon, Turkish 
Order of the Medjidie, Red Cross Medal 
(Prussia), Long Service Order ; of Adolphstrasse 
45, Hamburg ; of the Harmonie Club, Hamburg, 
and the German Club, Lourengo Marques, was 
born in Hamburg Nov. 24, 1860, He is son of 
Senator F. F. Eiffe, of that city by his wife 
Susan, ne'e Godeffroy, of London ; was educated 
in Hambm-g, and after being for a few years with 
a banking and import firm, served his year with 
the 14th Battn. at Schwerin (Mecklenburg) 
1882-3. After several years in various offices 
in England and Germany he started at Ham- 
burg a business on his own account in 1887 ; 
opened business relations with S.A. three years 
later, becoming a partner in the firm of Seemann 
& Eiffe, of Hamburg and Delagoa Bay, to 
whch latter place he went in 1895 and bought 
the so-called Catembe Concession in Delagoa 
Bay, eventually taking over the whole business 
himself, and continuing it from 1896 iinder the 
name of F. F. Eiffe & Co. He is on the Board 
of the Central African Lakes Co., the S.W. 
African Schaferei Gesellschaft, the Deutsches 
Schauspielhaus Co., the " Hamburgher Nach- 
richten " Joiu-nal, and on the Committees of 
the German Red Cross Society, the German 
Colonial Society, etc. He is hon. hfe member 
of the Thames Rowing Club, a life member of 
the S. London Harriers, and held for many years 
the German running records for several distances, 
notably the mile. His recreations now are 
yachting, riding and driving. He married. 
May 7, 1892, Miss Mariquita Oetling, of 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


EISSLER, M., A.I.M.E., M.I.M.M., is the 
author of many standard works of reference on 
gold and its metallurgy, including " The Cyanide 
Process for the Extraction of Gold and its Prac- 
tical Application on the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields and elsewhere," and " The Metallurgy of 

ELIOT, Sir Charles Norton Edgcumbe, 
K.C.M.G. (1900), C.B. (189S), M.A., of Govern- 
ment House, Mombasa ; the British Agencj'^, 
Zanzibar ; 2, Clarges St., London, and of the 
St. James' Club ; son of the late Rev. Ed. Eliot, 
formerly Vicar of Norton Bavant ; was born in 
1864 ; was educated at Cheltenham Coll., 
Scholar of Baliol Coll., Oxon, and Fellow of 
Trinity Coll., Oxon. He entered the diplo- 
matic service as an attache in Oct., 1886. He 
was Third Secy, at St. Petersburg, Second Secy, 
at Constantinople and Washington, Charge 
d' Affaires in Morocco, 1892-3, Bulgaria in 1895, 
and Servia in 1897. Sir Charles was British 
High Commissioner in Samoa in 1899, and 
received his present appointment as H.M. 
Commissioner, Commander-in-Chief and Consul- 
Gen, for the British East African Protectorate, 
and H.M. Agent and Consul-Gen. at Zanzibar, 
Oct. 27, 1900. 

ELTON, Edmund Hallam, of East London, 
S.A., and of the East London and Panmure 
Clubs (S.A.), was born at Stoke, near Wareham, 
Dorsetshire, in 1860. He is second son of the 
Rev. H. G. T. Elton, youngest son of Sir Chas. 
Elton, Bart., of Clevedon, Somersetshire, and 
was educated at St. Edward's Sch., Oxford. 

He sat as Town Councillor, East London, from 
1896 to 1899, and is Chairman of the Seamen's 
Institute (E. London), a branch of the " Mission 
to Seamen " of London. He married Feb. 7, 
1887, Ada Constance, dan. of J. H. Webb, 
J.P., late of the Crown Lands Dept., Cape 

ENGLISH, Robert, of Scatwell, Ross-shire, 
resided for many years at Kimberley, where he 
was prominently connected with the De Beers 
Consohdated Mines. He is also largely inter- 
ested in Transvaal and Rhodesian gold-mining 

EPLER, Adolphe, Knight of the Imperial 
and Royal Austrian Franz Joseph's Order, of 
Johannesburg, and of the Rand and New Clubs, 
is the son of a well-known Austrian Govt. 

Official who at one time was Chief Inspector of 
the Northern Railway System of Austria, and 
an Imperial Austrian Councillor. Educated in 
Vienna, he commenced business in that city in 
1875, and remained there tmtil 1889, when he 
left for S.A. and proceeded to Johannes- 
bLU"g, remaining there during the whole time of 
the war. In conjunction wath A. Brakhan 
and E. Boucher, he formed the Official Police 
for the Protection of the Mines, holding the 
rank of Capt. In May, 1901, he was ap- 
pointed by Lord Milner as a Town Councillor for 
Johannesburg, he having the unique distinction 
of being at the time the only non-British subject 
on the Co\mcil. As a representative of Austro- 
Himgarian capital he is a director of several 
gold mining companies. He has been President 
of the Aastro-Hungarian Benefit and Patriotic 
Society in Johannesburg since 1891, and was 
decorated by the Emperor of Aiistria in 1900. 
Since 1897 he has acted continuously on the 
Executive Committee of the Transvaal Chamber 
of Mines. 

ERASMUS, Commandant ; after service with 
the Boers in the late S.A. War visited Madagascar 
(1902) and Argentina, with a \'iew to finding a 
suitable country for the settlement of Boer 

ESPEUT, Claude Vyvian Armit, F.R.C.I., 
Member of the Society of Engineers ; of 77, 
Sinclair Road, Kensington, and of the Colonial 
Club, was born at Spring Garden, Jamaica, 
Oct. 3, 1875, his father having been the late 
Hon. Wm. Bancroft Espeut, F.L.S., M.L.C., of 
Jamaica, and grandson of Peter Alexander 
Espeut, Custos of Kingston, Jamaica. Mr. 
Claude Espeut was educated at St. Paul's 
Sch., and the Crystal Palace Engineering Sch., 
and from 1894 to 1900 he was employed on 
public works in Jamaica. In 1900-01 he was 
engaged in railwaj'' construction in Lagos, and 
from 1901 he has been employed as distinct 
engineer on the Gold Coast Govt. Railway. 
His recreations are cricket, tennis, golf and 
cycling. Umnarried. 

ESSELEN, EwALD, is of German parentage, 
and was born in Cape Colony. He was educated 
in Edinbm-gh. At the time of the War of Inde- 
pendence he was studying medicine, and volun- 
teered for medical service, subsequently joining 
the President's staff. On completing liis legal 
education he was appointed Judge of the High 
Court of the Transvaal, but relinquishing his 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

seat on the Bench after some years of honourable 
service he returned to the Bar, and took an 
active part in politics. He withdrew his strong 
support from Mr. Kriiger and became the 
dominant factor in the opposition under the 
nominal leadersliip of Gen. Joubert. At the 
general elections of 1893 Mr. Esselen was 
elected member for Potchefstroom, but the 
Kriigerite polhng officer stayed at nothing to 
obtain a reversal of the election. Dead and 
absent men recorded their votes, and Mr. Es- 
selen was declared to have lost his seat by 
seven votes. Mr. Esselen' s defeat was the 
worst blow to Gen. Joubert' s candidature for 
the Presidency. Subsequently Mr. Esselen 
was prevailed vipon to accept the office of State 
Attorney, he stipulating that he should have a 
free hand in reorganizing the detective and 
police forces, which were at that time in a very 
depraved condition. The many reforms which 
he worked, with the assistance of his cliief detec- 
tive, Mr. Trimble, especially as regards the 
illicit liquor traffic, raised such opposition that 
Mr. Esselen at length resigned. 

He was admitted to practise at the Bar of the 
Supreme Court of the Transvaal Colony, Dec. 18, 

ESSER, J., ex-Judge of the High Court of 
the late S. A. R., was admitted as an Advocate 
of the Supreme Coiu-t of the Transvaal in 1902. 

EUAN-SMITH, Col. Sir Charles Bean, 
K.C.B., C.S.I., of the United Service Club, is a 
man who has played many parts, and has gained 
no little distinction. He began his military 
career in the Indian Army in 1859, and served 
in the Abyssinian War of 1867-8 when he was 
present at the capture of Magdala (medal). In 
1879-80 Sir Charles saw fiu-ther service in the 
Afghan War, taking part in the action of Ahmed 
Khel, the affair at Urzoo, the march from K^-bul 
to Kandahar, and the battle of Sept. 1. He 
was several times mentioned in despatches, and 
received the brev. of Lieut-Col., the medal with 
two clasps, and bronze star. Col. Euan-Smith 
retired from the Indian Army in 1889 ; subse- 
quently joined the diplomatic service, and was 
Minister-Resident at Bogota in 1898-99. In 
1890 he was created a Civil K.C.B., and was 
Consul-Gen. at Zanzibar, and Minister at 
Tangier 1891-93. Sir Charles Euan-Smith is 
well known in African circles in the City. He is 
Chairman and Director of several South and West 
African mining companies, in which capacities liis 
abilities and experience are highly appreciated 

by his colleagues. Sir Charles is Chairman of the 
Abosso G.M. Co., and of the Taquah and Abosso 
G.M. Co. (1900), and a Director of the New 
African, New Egyptian, Oceana ConsoUdated, 
Rhodesia, Ltd., and the Sudan Development 
and Exploration Cos. He is also a Trustee 
for the debenture holders of the French Rand 
G.M. Co., the Vogelstruis Consolidated Deep, 
and the Wit water srand Deep. He married, in 
1877, a dau. of the late Gen. Alexander, R.A. 

EVANS, Sir Francis Henry,,K.C.M.G., 
M.P., of 40, Grosvenor Place, S.W., of Tubben- 
dens, Orpington, Kent, and of the Reform Club ; 
was educated at Manchester New Coll., and at 
Neuweid. He was in early life a pupil of the 
eminent engineer. Sir Jas. Brunlees. He is a 
partner in the firaa of Donald Currie & Co., 
and Director of the Union-Castle Line, Thames 
and Mersey Marine Insurance Co., and the 
International Sleeping Car Co. His parlia- 
mentary career commenced in 1888 when he 
was elected for Southampton, which constitu- 
ency he retained until 1895. Defeated at the 
general election, he regained the seat in a bye- 
election in 1896. He has represented Maidstone 
in the Liberal interest since 1901. He married, 
in 1872, Marie, dau. of the late Hon. Samuel 
Stevens, Attorney-Gen. of New York. 

EVANS, Samuel, of Rhos, near Rviabon, and 
of Johannesburg, started life as a journalist ; 
went to Egypt as Sir Edgar Vincent's private 
sec, and afterwards entered the Khedivial 
service. Later on he went to Constantinople, 
where he became Controller of the Imperial 
Tobacco Regie. For some years Mr. Evans 
has taken an active interest in finance in Johan 
nesburg, and he was admitted a partner in the 
firm of H. Eckstein & Co., in the autumn of 
1902. Incidentally he had charge of the recent 
libel action of Messrs. Wernher, Beit & Co. 
against Mr. Markham, M.P. (q.v.). He married, 
Dec. 24, 1903, Katherine, elder dau. of Richard 
Rous Mabson, editor of the " Statist." 

EVANS, W., late of Singapore ; Protector of 
Chinese in the Straits Settlement Govt., was 
appointed to the control of the regulations for 
the importation of Chinese labour in the Trans- 
vaal in the latter end of 1903. 

EVERARD, Thomas, M.L.C, J.P., of Leeuw- 
poort, Carolina, Transvaal, is the son of Thomas 
Everard, of New Hall Parks, Thurlaston, 
Leicestershire, where he was born in 1850. He 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


was educated at Leicester and went to S.A. 
in 1872, and settled in the Lydenbnrg dis- 
trict of the S.A.R. in the following year, 
where he traded at the Macamae Alluvial Gold 
Fields for several years. In 187G he removed 
to the part now known as the Carolina district 
where he has been trading and farming ever 
since. He has bred horses for the last twenty- 
six years, and has been successful in breeding 
many winners on the turf, both locally and at 
the principal racing centres in S.A., and 
also numerous prize winners at the large Agri- 
cultural Shows. During the first Sekukuni War 
he assisted his Boer neighbours against the 
marauding Kafirs, and the expedition was the 
first one to successfully drive back the native 
cattle looters diu-ing the outbreak. He has 
gone through various troublesome times under 
many Govts., viz. : — mider President Burgers, Sir 
T. Shopstone, Sir Owen Lanyon, and President 
Kriiger. During the late war, as in the one in 
1880, Mr. Everard was allowed to remain on 
his farm without taking an active part against 
liis own countr5rmen. After peace he was 
nominated a member of the Ermelo-Carolina 
Repatriation Commission. He was appointed 
a J.P. for the district, and on the formation of 
the Legislative Council was asked by the High 
Commissioner, Lord Milner, to become a nomi- 
nee member of that body. He married, in 1893, 
Ella Christie, dau. of the Rev. John Christie, D.D., 
Professor of Chiu-ch History, Aberdeen Univ. 

EYLES, Frederick, of Bulawayo, Rho- 
desia, and of the Bulawayo Club, and member 
of the Anthropological Institute, Folk Lore 
Society, S. A. Philosophical Society, and 
Rhodesia Scientific Association (formerly Hon. 
Sec), was born at Wick, near Bath, May 10, 
1864 ; is the author of a work on Zulu Grammar, 
"Zulu Self-taught" (Juta & Co., 1900), and is 
the editor and founder of the " Bulawayo Ob- 
server." Mr. Eyles was married May 17, 1893. 

FAIRBRIDGE, William Ernest, J.P., of 
Salisbviry, Mashonaland, and the New Club, 
London, and the Salisbmry and Rand Clubs, son 
of the late W. A. Fairbridge of Port Elizabeth, 
and grandson of Dr. Jas. Fairbridge, of CapeTown, 
was born at Port Elizabeth in 1883, and was 
educated at Bedford, Eng. He has long been 
cormected with joiirnalism. On the occupation 
of Rhodesia he represented the " Johannesburg 
Star " and the " Cape Argus," subsequently 
establishing and editing the " Rhodesia Herald." 
He is a Director of the Argus Company, con- 

trolling a large group of papers in S.A. On a 
municipality being formed in Salisbury he was 
twice elected Mayor of that town, and he 
unsuccessfully contested a seat in the Rho- 
desian Legislative Council. Mr. Fairbridge, is 

FARRAR, Major Sir George Herbert, 
Knt., D.S.O., M.L.C, of Chicheley Hall, New- 
port Pagnell, Bucks, and of Wliite's and Boodle's 
Clubs, was born June 17, 1859. He is son of 
the late Charles Farrar, M.D., of Chatteris, 
Cambridgeshire. Sir George began his business 
career in the engineering firm of his uncle at 
Bedford, and early in life went out to the Cape 
Colony. But the discoveries on the Rand soon 
attracted him thither. Sir George took full 
advantage of the opportunities that offered, 
and it was not long before he became the head 
of one of the principal groups of mining under- 
takings, among which are the East Rand Pro- 
prietary, the Anglo-French Exploration, and 
other important Cos. He also operates largely 
on joint account with Wernher, Beit & 
Co. He is Chairman of the Johannesburg 
Boards of the Agnes Munro, Angelo, Anglo- 
French Land, Anglo-French (Transvaal) Navi- 
gation Coal Estates, Benoni G.M., Boksburg 
G.M., Chimes West, Cinderella, Driefontein, 
East Rand Proprietary, G.F. Co., H.F. Co., 
Kleinfontein Central, New Blue Sky, New 
Comet, New Kleinfontein, and Rand KUp- 
fontein, and is Cliairman of the Penhalonga 
Proprietary Mines, besides being a director 
of several other mining and finance Cos. 

Always an vmcompromising opponent of the 
Boer Government, Sir George joined the leaders 
of the Reform Party a few weeks after the 
movement started, and he was one of the four 
who, pleading guilty to the charge of high 
treason against the late S.A.R. , were condemned 
to death. This sentence was commuted, and 
after a few months he was liberated (1896) on 
payment of a fine of £25,000, and on his under- 
taking not to meddle with the politics of the 
State for fifteen years, d 

It is not generally known that after Dr. 
Jameson has crossed the Transvaal border and 
was already in difficulties. Sir George had to 
be almost forcibly restrained from going out 
to the assistance of the gallant doctor. 

When the Boer War broke out in 1899 he and 
his brother, Capt. Percy Farrar, took an active 
part in raising colonial corps, to the expense 
of which his firm contributed very large amounts. 
Sir George, who attained the rank of Maj. on 


AxVglo-African Who's Who 

the Staff of the Colonial Division, accompanied 
Gen. Buller as guide through Natal, and saw 
a great deal of fighting. He was afterwards at 
the siege of Wepener ; was mentioned in des- 
patches, receiving the medal with three clasps, 
the D.S.O. (1900), and afterwards (in 1902) 
having the dignity of Knight Bachelor con- 
ferred upon him in recognition of his good 
services to his country. Sir George is a member 
of the Transvaal Legislative Council, tlirough 
which, in Dec, 1903, he successfvilly 
piloted a resolution in favour of importing 
alien coloiu-ed labour for unskilled work in the 
mines. He was also Pres. of the Transvaal 
Chamber of Mines for 1903. Sir George Farrar 
is perhaps the best trusted man among the 
British community in S.A., with a really 
keen insight into the requirements of the Trans- 
vaal, a sound all-round record, and the highest 
personal reputation. He has always been a 
keen patron of sport, both in S.A. and in 
England ; he was formerly sprinting champion 
of S.A., and even now is a fine point-to- 
point rider. He also takes a considerable 
interest in horse-breeding and horse-racing 
by way of pastimes. He married, June 3, 
1892, Ella Mabel, dau. of the late Dr. 
Charles Waylen, Ind. Med. Service. 

EARRAR, Sidney Howabd, M.I.C.E., F.G.S. 
of 54, Old Broad Street, London, E.C., and of 
Johannesburg (P.O. Box 455), is son of the 
late Dr. Chas. Farrar, of Chatteris, Cambs., 
and brother of Sir Geo. Farrar, D.S.O. (q.v.), 
with whom he is in partnership under the style 
of Farrar Bros., of London and Johannesburg, 
the firm controlling a very large section of 
the East Rand, chiefly in the Boksburg Dis- 
trict. Mr. Sidney Farrar himself represents 
his firm's interests on the London Committees 
of the Anglo-French (Transvaal) Navigation 
Coal Estates (Chairman), the " H.F." Co. 
(Chairman), the Angelo, Anglo-French Land, 
Apex Mines, Benoni, Cason, Driefontein Con- 
solidated, Eastern Rand Exploration, East Rand 
Proprietary (European Committee), Kleinfontein 
Deep, New Comet, New Kleinfontein, and Rand 
Klipfontein Cos., and he is also a Director of 
Kleinfontein Estates and Township, Ltd., and 
the Witwatersrand (Knights) Co. 

FAURE, Hon. J. A., was formerly senior 
member of the Cape Legislative Coimcil for 
the Western Circle. 

FAURE, Hon. Sir Pieteb Hendrik, 

K.C.M.G., M.L.A., of Cape Town, is son of 
Jacobus Faure, of Eerste River fame, and 
brother of John A. Faure, the famous horse- 
breeder of that place. Piet Faure was brought 
up for the law, but joined Mr. A. B. de Villiers 
in the fu'm of De Villiers, Faure & Co., auc- 
tioneers and general agents, taking a special 
interest in agricultural matters. Entering the 
Cape Parliament, he became Secy, for Native 
Affairs on the formation of the Rhodes Ministry 
in 1890. He weathered the Ministerial crisis 
in 1893, and joined Mr. Rhodes' second Cabinet 
as Colonial Secy. In Sir G. Sprigg's third 
and fourth Ministries he resumed the offices 
of Secy, for Agriculture and Colonial Secy. 
Sir Pieter Faure was last re-elected for the 
division of Namaqualand in 1904, and is a 
member of the Progressive party. He married 
Miss Johanna Susanna van der Byl. 

FAWCETT, Mrs. Millicent Garrett, Hon. 
LL.D., of St. Andrew's Univ., was born 
June 11, 1847. She paid an official visit to 
S.A. in connection with the Concentration 
Camps, and afterwards took a journey through 
the Cape, delivering on behalf of the Victoria 
League during the trip some 30 lectures to 
Britons and Boers, with the object of healing 
the wounds of war and creating harmony with 
the Mother-country. Mrs. Fawcett has written 
many notable books and essays. She married 
the late Rt. Hon. H. Fawcett, formerly P.M.G. 

FEAR, R. G. For several years a sub- 
editor of the " Western Daily Mercury," joined 
the staff of the " Midland News," C.C. in 1902. 

FELL, Henry, M.L.A., has represented 
LTmgeni in the Natal Legislative Assembly 
since 1883. 

FESTING. Capt. and Brevet-Maj. Arthur 
HosKYNS, C.M.G., D.S.O., F.R.G.S., of Bois 
Hall, Addlestone, Smrey, and of the Naval 
and Military, Royal Societies, Bath, and Im- 
perial Service Clubs, was born in 1870, and 
educated on the Continent, and came to Eng- 
land, 1896, and joined Royal Military Coll., 
Sandhurst, in 1897. He was extra regimentally 
employed with the Royal Niger Co., Ltd., 
1895-98. During this period he took part in 
the operations in the Niger, 1896-7 ; he was 
with the expeditions to the Katshella Town 
Stockade, Egbom, Bida Illorin, receiving for 
his services medal and clasp and a brevet 
majority. Later he was in command at Ibonsa 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


and Anam ; was on Col. Pilcher's Staff at Capai 
and Argeyah (despatches and D.S.O.). He 
served in S.A. 1900-1 in command of the 11th 
M.I. and on Gen. Carrington's Staff. From 
1901 to 1903 he was again in West Africa as 
Second in Command of the W.A. Frontier 
Force (N. Nigeria Regt.), his service including 
Aro Field Force, 1901-2 (despatches, C.M.G.) ; 
Kano Expeditionary Force, 1902-3 as O.C. 
Lines of Commionication (despatches). 

Capt. Festing holds three records of African 
big game, according to Rowland Ward's 
measurements — notably Kobus Kob, 19 11-16 ins. 

FIDDES, George Vandelexjb, C.B. (1901), 
B.A., of Pretoria, was educated at Dulwich 
Coll., and was subsequently a scholar of 
Brasenose Coll. Oxon, where he took a second- 
class in Classical Moderations in 1879. He 
was appointed a Clerk in the Colonial Office 
in 1881, after competitive examination, and 
has since served as Private Secy, to Lord Onslow 
(1887), Baron H. de Worms (1882-92), and Sir 
Robert Meade, March, 1896. In that year 
he was promoted to a first-class Clerkship in 
the Colonial Office, and was subsequently 
appointed Secy, to the High Commissioner, 
Cape Colony. 

FIENNES, Hon. Eustace, Capt. Oxford- 
shire Yeomanry, of 8, Cromwell Place, London, 
S.W., and of the Orleans, Cavalry, Prince's and 
S. A. Clubs, is the second son of the 14th 
Baron Saye and Sele, of Broughton Castle, 
Banbury. He was educated at Malvern Coll., 
and has had a distingmshed military career. 
In addition to serving with distinction in the 
North- West Rebellion, Egypt (medal and clasp, 
and Khedive's Star), lae served in the Pioneer 
Expedition to Rhodesia in 1890 in the B.S.A. 
Police, and also during the recent S.A. War 
(medal and tlxree clasps). In 1900 he con- 
tested North Oxfordshire in the Liberal interest, 
and was defeated by 733 votes. He intends 
standing as the Liberal candidate at the next 
election. He married, Nov. 6, 1894, Florence 
Agnes, widow of Arthur Fletcher, and dau. 
of John Bathfelden, Belleombre, Constantia, 
Cape Town. 

FINLAYSON, Lieut. -Col. Robert Alex- 
ander, C.M.G., of Kimberley and the lOm- 
berley Club, was born Oct. 11, 1857, at Edin- 
burgh, where he received his education. He 
went to S.A. in 1875. In 1882 he was in the 
service of the Railway Dept., and joined the 

Hon. J. D. Logan in bvisiness in 1884, remain- 
ing with him until 1892. He joined the Kim- 
berley Volunteers as a Lieut, in 1890, and received 
his majority in 1895. He commanded the in- 
fantry in the Bechuanaland Rebellion of 1896-7, 
and became Lieut. -Col. in '98. In the late 
S.A. War he conmaanded the Kimberley cRegt. 
and a section of the Defence Force during the 
siege of Kimberley, afterwards being second 
in command of a column operating in the 
O.R.C. and the Transvaal. He was mentioned 
in despatches and received the C.M.G. (1901). 

Col. Finlayson identifies himself with all 
forms of sport, and was for some years Pres. 
of the Diamond Fields Scottish Association. 
His chief recreations are hunting and shooting. 

FINNEMORE, Hon. Robert Isaac, J.P., 

of Elim House, Pietermaritz St., Maritzburg, 
was born at Addington Park, Surrey, Oct. 29, 
1842. He is eldest son of the late Isaac Powell 
Finnemore, of Ballyward, co. Wicklow, and 
his wife Jane (born Clark). His paternal 
descent is traced to one of two brothers who 
went to Ireland from Devonshire ^ith Cromwell 
in 1649, the original family coming from 
the Oxfordshire village of Finemere, whence 
the name De Finemere. He was educated 
at the Church of England Gram. Sch. and 
Bishopstown Mission Station, where he was a 
pupil teacher, and entered the Natal Civil 
Service Aug. 4, 1858, as pupil- Asst. to the 
Svu-veyor-Gen., being appointed second clerk 
in March, 1895. He passed the exam, in 
the theory and practice of land surveying 
in 1863 ; was Chief Clerk, Draughtsman, and 
Examiner of surveyor's work in 1864 ; was 
transferred to the Law Dept. at his own request 
in 1865, and was called to the Bar in 1868 ; 
acted as Clerk of the Peace and Magistrate 
at Wrenen and Maritzburg, and was Master 
and Registrar of the Supreme Covirt and 
Surveyor-Gen. from 1870 to 1874. He was 
Postmaster-Gen. 1876-77 ; Acting Col. Trea- 
surer in 1877 ; Magistrate at Maritzburg 1877- 
78 ; Master and Registrar of the Supreme 
CoLirt and Registrar of the Vice-Admiralty 
Court, 1878-81. He was appointed J.P. for 
Natal in 1881, and was Magistrate at Durban 
from that year until 1889 ; was acting Puisne 
Judge in 1883 ; Marriage Officer at Durban 
1887-89 ; Collector of Customs, Registrar of 
Shipping, Emigration Officer and Harbour 
Commissioner, 1889 ; has served on numerous 
commissions and boards ; was Deputy Chair- 
man of the Harbour Board, 1881-89 ; Chairman 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Zulu War Relief Fund ; Pres. of the 
Pietennaritzburg Collegiate Institution ; Cro'wn 
Solicitor and Parliamentary Draughtsman, 
1894-96 ; was appointed Puisne Judge Nov. 
1, 1896 ; has been Senior Puisne Judge from 
1902, and has acted as Chief Justice of Natal. 

He edited the "Natal Almanac and Register," 
1876-78 ; published a " Digest of Decisions 
of the Supreme Court " for 1860-63 and 1866-67, 
and is author of " Natal Law Reports " for 1872, 
1873, 1879, 1881, etc. 

In Freemasonry he is Past Dist. Grand 
Master ; Past Dist. Grand Mark Master ; Past 
Grand Superintendent Royal Arch. ; Past 
Provincial Prior of the Temple and Malta ; 
Sovereign Grand Inspector-General, 33° ; Intend- 
ant General Knight of Rome and Constantino, 
Knt. of the Royal Order of Scotland, Knt. 
Commander of the Temple, etc. He has worked 
in the temperance cause ; is Past Grand Vice- 
Templar ; hon. member of Rechabites, and 
Pres. of various religious and temperance 
organizations. For the public libraries and 
many other institutions of Maritzburg and 
Durban he has done good service as Pres. and 
otherwise. He formerly gave lectures on the 
most varied topics ; was Lay Reader, Church- 
warden, and occasional Preacher (C. of E.). 
He was long connected with the Maritzburg 
Agricultural Society, and was constituted, 
honoris causa, a life member of the Society and 
of its managing committee. He is hfe member of 
the St. John Ambulance Assoc, and of the chief 
Masonic institutions. He is also F.R.A.S.. 
F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., F.A.L, F.R.Met.S., F.R.Hist.S.', 
F.S.S., M.S.A., F.R.C.I., F.LI., Hon. Corr. 
Mem. V.I., Mem. Amer. Acad. Polit. and 
Soc. Sc, Mem. Astron. S. of Pacific, Mem. of 
Brit. Astron. Assoc, Mem. Selden Soc, Mem. 
of the S.A. Philosoph. Soc, and of numerous 
other Societies. He married, June 7, 1887, 
Catherine Augusta, dau. of John Russom, J. P., 
some time Mayor of Maritzburg, and has issue 
two sons and fovir daughters. 

FINNIE, John Pulsfokd, F.R.C.L, of 
" Bon- Accord," Gwelo, Rhodesia, and the 
Gwelo Club, is the eldest son of John Finnie, 
a Scotch lawyer, and was born in 1860 at 
Aberdeen. He was educated at Fortrose 
Acad, and King's Coll., Aberdeen, and 
went to S.A. in 1885 ; after a short resi- 
dence in Natal and the Transvaal he became 
one of the early pioneers of Rhodesia. In 
1890 he was taken prisoner by the Portuguese 
at Beira, at the time that Sir John Willoughby 

tried to force the East Coast Route to Salis- 
bury. From 1891 to 1893 he was shooting big 
game between the Pungwe and Zambesi Rivers. 
In 1892 he spent some little time with Selous 
in the vicinity of Sacramento, and in 1893 was 
obliged to retm-n to Natal owing to having 
been severely mauled by a lion. In 1894 he 
was again in Matabeleland, and took an active 
part m the RebelUon of '96. In '97 he lec- 
tured throughout the North of Scotland on 
Rhodesia and S.A; generally. 

He is senior partner of the firm of Finnie 
& Finnie, Agents and Brokers of Gwelo, and 
is interested in many mining ventures. 

FITZ-PATRICK, Sir James Percy, Knight 
Bachelor, M.L.C., of Hohenheim, Johannes- 
burg, and of Buckland Downs, Harrismith, 
O.R.C., was born at King William's Town, 
July 24, 1862. He is the son of the Hon. 
James Coleman Fitz-Patrick, an Irish bar- 
rister, who supported the political fortunes of 
Daniel O'Connell in liis declining years, as well 
as those of the Liberator's son, John O'Con- 
nell, and who afterwards became Judge of the 
Supreme Court of the C.C. Sir Percy was 
educated at St. Gregory's Coll., Downside, 
near Bath, and went to the Transvaal in 1884, 
where he has resided practically ever since, 
either on the alluvial diggings, or trading, 
hunting, or prospecting. In 1886 he settled 
at Barberton, leaving there three years later 
for the Witwatersrand. He accompanied the 
Randolph Churchill expedition through 
Mashonaland in 1891, and in 1892, on return- 
ing to Johannesburg, took charge of the Intel- 
ligence Department of the firm of H. Eckstein 
& Co., of which he became a partner in 1898, 
representing the firm on the boards of many 
of the premier mining Cos. of the Rand. 
Few men are more conversant with all the 
details of the mining industry, or with the 
general affairs of the Transvaal than Sir Percy, 
as those will know who remember his evidence 
before the Industrial Commission in 1897, and 
subsequently before the Concessions Com- 
mission. He was one of the first to become 
associated with the Reform Committee in 
1895, to which he acted as an indefatigable 
Hon. Secretary. For his participation in that 
movement he was arrested in January, 1896, 
and with other ringleaders was refused bail. 
He was put on trial in April for high treason 
against the Govt, of the S.A.R., and was 
condemned to suffer two years' imprison- 
ment, to pay a fine of £2,000, or as an alterna- 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


tive another year's imprisonment, and there- 
after to be banished from the State for a period 
of three years. This sentence was reduced to one 
year's imprisonment in the following May, but 
he was released during the same month. 

In 1897, when everybody thought (and 
rightly) that the Industrial Commission was 
intended merely as a farce. Sir Percy never- 
theless pressed hard for the Uitlanders to take 
it seriously, if only for the purpose of once 
more putting their case on record. In Feb., 
1899, although this fact is not generally known, 
it was he who suggested to the Transvaal 
Govt, a conference between Mr. Kriiger 
and Lord Milner, and another between the 
Govt, and the people of Johannesburg. 
Tliis was a most earnest and sincere effort to 
avert war, as Sir Percy plainly stated, and his 
suggestions resulted in the " Bloemfontein 
Conference " and the " Capitalist Negotia- 
tions." However, these meetings were turned 
by the Boer Govt, to purposes other than 
peace. As evidence of his party's sincerity, 
he proposed, in order to remove causes of con- 
stant friction, that the mining people should 
forego their Bewaarplaatsen Rights, and buy 
them at a valuation instead of going to law 
and to the Rand for restitution in toto, and 
should also acquiesce in the Dynamite Monopoly, 
" provided the profits, as originally intended, 
should go to the Govt." ; in fact, that the 
terms of the original concession should be 
enforced, if the Govt, would introduce the 
reforms in administration of the Liquor and 
other laws, as recommended by the Indus- 
trial Commission, and make some equitable 
concession of political rights to the Uitlanders. 
When the Capitalist Negotiations came about 
the Govt., at first through Mr. Lippert, 
and afterwards through Dr. Leyds and Mr. 
Reitz, refused to allow Sir Percy (although 
a partner in the leading house of Eckstein) 
to take part. He was the one barred. As 
soon, however, as the Government tried to 
introduce the Franchise question, the other 
representatives of the Capitalists refused to 
take part until Sir Percy Fitz-Patrick and 
some other representatives of the Uitlanders 
were admitted. After some delay the Govt. 
gave way, but Sir Percy would not par- 
ticipate in the negotiations without a A\Titten 
invitation wliich would release him from the 
condition of three years' silence which had 
been imposed on him in connection with the 
Reformers' sentences. This was given, and Sir 
Percy, having been authorized by the repre- 

sentatives of all classes to voice their case, 
went into the matter heart and sovil, incidentally 
proving step by step how the Govt, had 
authorized the negotiations, and showing the 
devices by which they had sought to inveigle 
the negotiators into a false move. Sir Percy 
drew up the five years' Franchise memorandum 
which was embodied in the Capitalist Nego- 
tiators' documents (published in March or 
April, 1899), and which afterwards served as 
the basis of Lord Milner' s Bloemfontein pro- 
posals. Before sending this memo, in, he 
showed it to the State Secy, and State 
Attorney in Pretoria, who both said that it 
was absolutely just, but that Mr. Kriiger 
would never be induced to agree to it. Sir 
Percy's answer to this was, " Well, let us try. 
Let it be a basis for discussion, to bring us 
together, and avert trouble." 

Sir Percy, as spokesman for the guarantors 
of the War Loan and representative of the 
public committee, took a principal part in 
the War Debt negotiations with Mr. Chamber- 
lain. He is one of the non-official members 
of the first Transvaal Legislative Council, and 
was elected by that body as one of the two 
Transvaal Representatives on the Inter- 
Colonial Coimcil of the Transvaal and O.R.C., 
from which he resigned in 1904. He was 
Pres. of the Witwatersrand Chamber of IMines 
in 1902. 

Sir Percy has a facile pen. He was years 
ago editor of the " Barberton Herald," and 
besides many able contributions to the Press 
on questions of the moment, he has published 
an account of his Mashonaland trip, " Through 
Mashonaland with Pick and Pen," and a charm- 
ing volume of short stories under the name of 
" The Outspan." But in England he will be 
more generally kno\vn as the author of " The 
Transvaal from Within "—a work which is 
everywhere regarded as the text-book upon 
the events which led up to the inception of 
the Reform movement, and eventually cul- 
minated in raid and war. Sir Percy was made 
a Knight Bachelor in 1902 m recognition of 
his great ser\dces in connection with S.A. 
He married, February 16, 1889, EHzabeth 
Lillian, dau. of John "Cubitt, of Pretoria. 

FLEMING, Dr. Andrew Milrog, C.M.G. 
(1898), of Salisbury, Rhodesia, and of the Bad- 
minton Club, was born at Edinbi.u-gh, Jan. 28, 
1871. He is son of Rev. John Fleming, of 
Edinburgh ; was edvicated at Durham Sch. 
and Edinburgh Univ., and holds the de- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

grees M.B.,C.M., F.R.C.S.E.,and D.P.H.Camb. 
He has been for many years in S.A. ; served in 
the Mashonaland RebeUion in 1896-97 ; is 
Medical Director and Inspector of Hospitals for 
Rhodesia, and P.M.O. of the B.S.A. PoUce. He 
married, in 1896, Philadelphia Alice, dau. of the 
late Wm. Fisher, of British Columbia. 

FLEMING, Charles David, J.P., of Gwelo, 
Rhodesia, is son of Rev. John Fleming, of Edin- 
burgh, where he was born Sept. 15, 1869 ; was 
educated at the Edinburgh Acad, and 
Univ., and joined the B.S.A. Co.'s service, Oct. 
28, 1895. He served through the Matabele Re- 
beUion in 1 896 (medal ), and was appointed Mining 
Commissioner at Gwelo April 1, 1899. He 
married, June 3, 1903, Lily, youngest dau. of 
the late Donald Mackenzie, J. P., of Gaisloch, 

FLINT, Rev. William, D.D., of Wahnunster 
Park, Rosebank, C.C., was born at Stand- 
bridge, Bedford, and educated at Leighton 
Buzzard and Headingley Coll. ; entered the 
ministry of the Wesleyan Methodist Church in 
1879 ; was ordained at Hull in 1882, and re- 
ceived appointments at Torquay, Williton, 
Weston-super-Mare and Bournemouth. His 
heath failing, he visited S.A. in 1889, where 
he travelled for two years, and in 1892 
joined the Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church of S.A., and was appointed succes- 
sively to Maritzburg and Cape Town. He 
founded and was the first editor of " The Metho- 
dist Chiu"chman," and later became a minister 
without pastoral charge. In 1899 he was 
elected second Pres. of the Cape Peninsula 
Church Council. In 1901 he was appointed 
Librarian of the Cape Parliament. He is a 
Doctor of Divinity of the Wesleyan Theological 
Coll. of the McGill Univ., Montreal, a Mem- 
ber of the Council of the University of the 
Cape of Good Hope, of the S.A. Philosophi- 
cal Society, and also of the S.A. Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, 
being appointed editor of the first volxmie of the 
proceedings of the latter association. Has con- 
tributed extensively to reviews, magazines and 
journals. He married, in 1892, Margaret, dau. 
of Alexander IMcGregor of Rondebosch, for- 
merly Mayor of Kimberley. 

FLOYER, Ernest Ayscoghe, of Slddbrook, 
near Louth, Lines., and of the Oriental Club, was 
born in Lincolnshire July 4, 1852 ; was educated 
at Charterhouse; joined the Bengal Civil Ser- 

vice (uncovenanted) in 1869 ; was called to 
Egypt to assist in reforms in connection with the 
Railways and Telegraphs in 1878, and has re- 
mained there ever since, taking part in the cam- 
paign of 1882 (Egyptian medal and clasp, bronze 
star). He is the author of " Unexplored Balu- 
chistan," " Etude sur le Nord Etbai," and cer- 
tain scientific papers in Arabic. He married, 
Sept. 1, 1887, Miss Mary Louisa Watson. 

(local Lieut. -Col.), entered the Royal Artillery 
as Lieut, in 1894 ; obtained his Captaincy in 
1895, and became Major in 1900. In the late 
Anglo-Boer War he served on Lord Methuen's 
Staff in the advance on Kimberley, and was sub- 
sequently with Lord Roberts' Army up to the 
capture of Pretoria and the operations to the east 
of that place. 

With the local rank of Lieut. -Col. he took part 
in the operations against the Mullah in Somali- 
land in 1903-04, and was slightly wounded at 

FORRESTER, Thomas Paul Wallace, of 
48, Kensington Mansions, London, was born at 
Gravesend, England, in 1853 ; is the eldest son 
of William Alexander Forrester, of Juniper 
Green, Edinburgh, and was educated at the 
Albion House Acad., Woolwich. He has 
been connected with the S.A. trade nearly 
all his life with the great ship owners and 
shipping house of Houlder Brothers & Co. , Ltd. , 
of which he is now Managing Director, and he 
is also a Director of the Houlder Line, Ltd. 
During this time he has made many visits 
to S.A. He has had nearly 23 years' ser- 
vice as an officer in the Essex Vohmteer Ar- 
tillery, joining as Second- Lieut, and retiring in 
1899 with the rank of Lieut.-Col. and the Volun- 
teer Decoration (1898), since when he has con- 
tinued to render service on the Council of the 
National Artillery Association. His principal 
recreations are boating and walking. Mr. 
Forrester was married in 1880 to Mary, dau. 
of Henry Mills, of London. 

FORT, George Seymour, of 2, Little Stan- 
hope Street, Mayfair, and of the Bath Club, is 
the son of the Rev. B. Fort, Rector of Cooper- 
sale, Essex, and was educated at Uppingham 
and Oxford where he graduated B.A. He was 
Private Secy, to Maj.-Gen. Sir Peter Scratchley, 
High Commissioner of New Guinea and the 
Western Pacific, 1885-86; Private Secy, to the 
Right Hon. Lord Loch, Melbourne, Victoria, 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


1886-89. In the latter year he proceeded to 
Cape Town, where he remained until 1891. He 
was appointed magistrate in Umtali, Manicaland, 
in 1893. Mr. Fort was well knowTi in the row- 
ing world, having taken part in the Oxford and 
Cambridge races in 1893-94. He is the author 
of various articles on Australia and S.A., which 
at the time of publication excited great interest. 

FOSTER, Edw.4lRD William Perceval, 
C.M.G., Second Class Order of the Osmania, 
Second Class Order of the Medjidieh, of 7, Rue 
des Ptolemees, Alexandria, Egypt, was born in 
Mauritius Dec. 26, 1850. He is son of the late 
Major-Gen. E. H. H. Foster of the 12th Regt. 
and the 18th Regimental District, his mother 
being youngest davi. of Capt. G. Fairbairn Dick, 
late Colonial Secy., Mauritius. He was educated 
privately and at the Thomason Engineering 
Coll., Roorkee, India. He joined the Irrigation 
Branch of the Indian Pubhc Works Dept. in 
1871, and was selected for employment in the 
Irrigation Service of Egypt in 1884-. He re- 
signed his office under Govt, ten years 
later to take up the managing direction of the 
Bahera Company, which is largely interested in 
land reclamation. He married, Feb. 24, 1875, 
Annie, youngest dau. of the late Christopher 
Strachan, of Inverness. 

FOSTER, J.,M.L.A.,is a member of the S.A. 
party, and was elected to represent the division 
of Oudtshoorn at the general election in Feb., 

FOX, Sib Douglas, Knt., of 12, Queen's 
Gate Gardens, S.W., and the St. Stephen's and 
National Clubs, was born at Smethwick, May 14, 
1840 ; is the eldest surviving son of the late Sir 
Charles Fox ; was educated at Cholmondeley 
Sch., Highgate, and King's Coll., London, of 
which he is a Fellow. He is a civil, mechanical 
and electrical engineer, and senior partner of the 
firm of Sir Douglas Fox and Partners ; Past Pros, 
of the Institute of Civil Engineers, Member of 
the Institutes of Mechanical and Electrical En- 
gineers, and Hon. Member of the American 
Institutes of Civil and Mechanical Engineers. 
Sir Douglas has been prominently identified 
with railway enterprise in S.A. He is 
joint engineer with Sir Charles Metcalfe to the 
Rhodesian and Mashonaland Railways, Joint 
Consulting Engineer to the Cape Govt. Railways, 
and Joint Consulting Engineer to the African 
Concessions Co., which holds the concession for 
the use of the water power of the Victoria Falls. 

He was knighted in 1886 in connection with his 
work as engineer of the Mersey Railway tunnel. 
He married. May 26, 1863, Mary, dau. of the late 
Francis Wright, of Osmaston Manor, Derby. 

FOX, Henry Wilson, B.A., of 4, Halkin 
Street, London, S.W., and of the Junior Carlton, 
Wellington, and Prince's Clubs, was born at 
Cavendish Square, London, Aug. 18, 1863. He 
is the son of Wilson Fox, M.D., Physician in 
Ordinary to her late Majesty Queen Victoria ; 
was educated at Charterhouse, Marlborough 
Coll., Univ. Coll., Lend., and Trinity Coll., 
Camb., of which he was Exhibitioner and 
Scholar ; B.A., Natural Science Tripos. He 
was called to the Bar, Nov. 29, 1888, and was 
Equity Scholar of Lincoln's Inn (1888). He was 
admitted Advocate of the Supreme Court of the 
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, and Advocate 
of the High Com-t of Southern Rhodesia in 1894. 

Mr. Wilson Fox went to Johannesbin*g at the 
beginning of 1889, and in 1892 became editor of 
the " S.A. Mining Journal," in which capacity 
he assisted Mr. John Hays Hammond in drafting 
the Rhodesian Mining Laws, which first brought 
him into touch with Mr. Rhodes, and led to his 
being appointed Public Prosecutor of Rhodesia 
in the same year. He served through the rising 
in Matabeleland with the Salisbury-Gwelo 
Relief Column in 1896, and in the following year 
he went through the Mashonaland campaign as 
Director of Transport and Commissariat, with 
quite exceptional success under quite exceptional 
difficiilties (despatches, medal, with clasp). He 
returned to England for a hohday in May, 1897, 
and was vmexpectedly offered the appointment, 
in June, 1898, of Manager of the B.S.A. Co. 
— a responsible and arduous position wliich 
he still fills (now jointly with Mr. J. F. Jones, 
q.v.), also representing the Chartered Co. on 
the boards of many of the principal Rhodesian 
Cos. He took a large share in the extraordinarily 
successful flotation of the Charter Trust and 
Agency, of which he is also a Director. His duties 
mainly lie in connection with the commercial 
aspect of the Chartered Co., for which his all- 
round knowledge of mining, finance and law 
gives him exceptional authority. Mr. Fox is one 
of the most popular men in S.A. circles ; is a fine 
speaker, and a fervad supporter of the imperial- 
istic ideals of the late Cecil Rhodes. He repre- 
sented Cambridge University at lawn tennis in 
1885-6, and has made that game and golf his 
principal recreations since. He married, July 
19, 1898, the Hon. Eleanor Sclater-Boothe, a 
sister of the present Lord Basing. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

FRASER, WrLUAM Pebcy, of Johannesburg, 
and of the Pretoria and Rand Chibs, was born at 
Ipswich, Oct. 26, 1849. He is son of Wm. 
Fraser, of j Grimdisbvirgh Hall, near Woodbridge, 
Suffolk ; was educated at the Gram. Sch., 
Ipswich, and went to S.A. in 1879, serving as a 
Volunteer during the siege of Pretoria, 1880-1. 
In conjunction with the late Advocate, H. W. A. 
Cooper, of Pretoria, he formulated the Gold 
Law No. 1 of 1883 ; was a member of the first 
Diggers' Committee of the Witwatersrand 
throughout its existence ; was a member of the 
National Union at Johannesbiu'g prior to the 
S.A. War of 1899, and was afterwards a member 
of the Uitlander Committee at Dm-ban. Mr. 
Fraser has been on the Witwatersrand Council 
of Education since its inception, and is a member 
of the governing body of the Technical Institute 
for the Transvaal. He mai-ried Miss Ellen Maud 
Cook, of Estcourt, Natal. 

FREMANTLE, Professor Henry Eabdly 
Stephen, M.A., F.S.S., of Bedwell Cottage, 
Rosebank, C.C. ; Swanbourne, Muizenburg, 
C.C, and the Civil Service Club, Cape 
Town, was born at Bedwell Park, Hatfield, 
Herts, Aug. 6, 1874 ; is the son of the Hon. and 
Very Rev. W. H. Fremantle, Dean of Ripon, 
who was son of the first Lord Cottesloe and the 
Hon. Mrs. W. H. Fremantle. He was educated 
at Eton and Oriel Coll., Oxon.. ; First Class 
Classics, Oxon, 1895-7 ; Lecturer in Greek at 
University Coll., Aberystwyth, 1897-8 ; Lec- 
turer, Worcester Coll., Oxon., 1898-9 ; Professor 
of English and Philosophy at the S.A. Coll., 
Cape Town, 1899 ; Member of the LTniversity 
Council, 1899 ; Professor of Philosophy alone 
at the S. African Coll., 1903. In 1903 
he was Secy, of Section " D " of the South 
African Assn. for the advancement of Science, 
and Mem. of the Council of the Assn., and pro- 
ceeded to England in that year to collect funds 
in aid of the Prince of Wales' Professorship of 
History at the S.A. Coll. Prof. Fremantle 
published in 1899 " Oxford, A Retrospect 
from South Africa " ; he edited the " South 
African Educator " in 1902, and in 1903 he re- 
signed his professorship at the S.A. Coll. to be- 
come joint-ed. of the Bond paper, the " South 
African News," and Director of the S.A. 
Newspaper Co. In politics, he was a Progressive 
until the split in that party on the question of 
Suspension, when he went over to the new S.A. 
party. In view ■ of the changes in parties 
which have recently taken place in S.A. he is 
careful to define himself further as not of the Old 

S.A. party, or of the New Progressive party. 
He was unsuccessful Bond candidate at the 
general election in C.C. in 1904. He mar- 
ried, Apr. 20, 1899, Margaret EHzabeth, 
youngest dau. of Alexander MacDonald, 
Keeper of the University Galleries, Oxon. 

FROST, Hon. John, M.L.A., C.M.G., of 
Thibet Park, Queenstown, C.C, is a progres- 
sive farmer in that division. He served as 
Conunandant of Volunteers in the frontier wars 
of 1877-78, receiving the thanks of Parliament 
and the C.M.G. for his services. He entered 
the Cape Parliament as member ^or Queenstown 
as far back as 1874, and has represented that 
division ever since, being last re-elected in 1904. 
He took office in the second Rhodes Ministry in 
1893, first as Secy, for Native Affairs and 
then as Secy, for Agriculture, going out in the 
great Rhodes smash in 1896. In 1900, however, 
he entered Sir G. Sprigg's Cabinet as Minister 
without portfolio, but in June, 1902, he became 
Secy, for Agricultiu-e. He was not included in 
Dr. Jameson's Cabinet in 1904, although he is a 
supporter of his party. 

FULLER, Hon. Arthur John, M.L.A., a 
merchant and farmer of the Eastern Province 
of the Cape Colony. He is a strong supporter 
of the Progressive cause in the Colony ; was 
re-elected member of the Legislative Assembly 
for Tembuland at the general election in Feb. 
1904, and joined Dr. Jameson's first Ministry as 
Secy, for Agriculture in the same month. 

FULLER, Thomas Ekins, Agent-Gen. for 
Cape of Good Hope, of 100, Victoria Street, S.W., 
39, Hyde Park Gate, S.W., and of St. Stephen's 
Club, Westminster, was born at West Drayton, 
Middlesex, in August, 1831, is the son of the Rev. 
Andrew Gunton Fuller, and was educated at 
Bristol Coll. He became Baptist Minister at 
Melksham (Wilts), Lewes and Luton in the early 
part of his career, and contributed to the London 
Press until Aug., 1864, when he proceeded to 
Cape Town, there to become Ed. of the " Cape 
Argus." He was Cape Govt. Emigration Agent 
in London from 1873 to 1875, when he resigned 
that office to accept the general managership of 
the Union Steamship Co.'s Agency in the Cape 
Colony. This latter office he held until Dec. 
1898, when he resigned it and became a Director 
of De Beer's Consolidated Mines, Ltd., in the 
Colony. He was elected a Member of the House 
of Assembly for Cape Town in 1878, 1884 and 1888,' 
and resigned his seat therein on being offered the 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


office of Agent-Gen. for the Cape of Good 
Hope in London, the duties of which he 
assumed on Jan. 1, 1902. He married: first, in 
1855, Mary Playne, dau. of Isaac Hillier, of 
Nailsworth, Glos. ; and second, in 1875, Eliza- 
beth Fuller, dau. of the Rev. Thos. Mann, of 
Cowes, I.W. 

FULTjER, William Henby, of East London, 
S.A., and of the East London and King Wil- 
liam's Town Clubs, is the son of T. E. Fuller, 
C.M.G. (q.v.), Agent-Gen. for the Colony of 
the Cape of Good Hope. He was born July 6, 
1858, at Melksham, Wiltshire, and was educated 
at the S.A. Coll., Cape Town, and the 
London Univ. Sch. He has the medal for 
the Kafir War 1877, and during tlie Boer 
War, 1899-1902, he commanded as Lieut. -Col. 
the East London Town Guard. At the present 
he is Director of Dyer & Dyer, Ltd., Chairman 
of the East London Harbour Board and Con- 
sular-Agent for the U.S.A. He takes a great 
interest in athletic sports, and is Pres. of the 
EajSt London Rowing Association. 

GARDINER, Edward Bennett, of 4, 
Bichenhali Mansions, Portman Square, London ; 
Carse Grange, Errol, Perthshire, Scotland ; and 
of the City (Cape Town), Rand, Gresham, and 
S.A. Clubs ; is the eldest son of the late George 
Gardiner, of Dublin, and is descended from an 
old Perthshire family, the late George Gar- 
diner ha.ving been one of the first managers of 
the National Bank of Ireland. Mr. E. B. 
Gardiner resided for five years in Bohemia, 
Austria (at the « utset of his career), where he 
represented the London Board of Directors of a 
large colliery Co. carrying on business in Bo- 
hemia ; he then entered the service of the 
Standard Bank of S.A., Ltd., where he remained 
for over thirty years, retiring therefrom in Jan., 
1902. During Mr. Gardiner's period of service 
in the Standard Bank he held for a considerable 
time the post of Manager at the Johannesburg 
Branch, and from this position he was promoted 
to the office of Assist. Gen. IManager of the Bank 
in S.A., which office he held on his retirement. 
Mr. Gardiner is well known throughout S.A. , 
and is now resident in London and holds seats 
on the Boards of the follo%ving Cos. : the Johan- 
nesburg Consolidated Investment Co., Ltd.; the 
Carlton Hotels (S.A.), Ltd. (Chairman); the 
Kitson Incandescent Lighting Co. of S.A., Ltd. ; 
the British Engineers' Alliance, Ltd., and is on 
the London Committee of South Knights, Ltd., 
and the Hercules Deeps, Ltd. He married, in 

1868, Sidonia, dau. of the late Capt. F. Von 
Docringk, of the Austrian Army, and has issue 
one son, Frederick Maurice Gardiner, and two 
daughters, Madeline Louisa Sidonia (married to 
E. M. Clarke), and Ester Annabel. 

GARDINER, Frederick George, B.A., of 
Hillside, Bower Road, Wynbiu-g, Cape Town, and 
of the Civil Service Club (C.T.), was born in 
London Apr. 19, 1874. He is only son of E. B. 
Gardiner (q.v.) ; was educated at the Diocesan 
Coll., Rondebosch, and at Keble Coll., Oxon, 
and graduated B.A. at the Cape Univ. and 
at Oxford. He was called to the Bar of the 
Middle Temple about the year 1895, and prac- 
tises at the Cape Bar. He has already been 
senior counsel in several important cases, and 
amongst other causes celebres he conducted the 
defences of Gen. Ivritzinger and Judge Koch, 
both of whom were acquitted. He was also 
engaged in the famous Princess Radziwill case 
and in the Cape " ragging " case, Stamford v. 
certain officers. Mr. Gardiner is a member of 
the Council of the Diocesan Coll., Rondebosch, 
and married, Jan. 6, 1901, Stella Clare Brailey, 
dau. of an English bank manager. 

GARDNER, Lieut. -Col. Alan, J.P., D.L., 

of Clearwell Castle, Glos. ; 5, Grosvenor Crescent, 
Belgrave Square ; and of the Turf, Wliite's, and 
St. James' Clubs, was born Nov. 19, 1846 ; is 
son of the late Alan Legge, Lord Gardner, and 
passed Staff Coll. (1872). He served in the Zulu 
Campaign in 1879, being present at the battles 
of Isandhlwana, Zlobane I\Iountain (horse killed), 
and Kambula, where he was severely wounded. 
He was twice mentioned in despatches and re- 
ceived the medal with clasp and promotion to 
a brevet majority. In 1880 he was A.D.C. to 
the Viceroy of Ireland. He served in the Boer 
War of 1881, and contested E. Marylebone as 
Liberal candidate in 1895. Col. Gardner has 
shot big game in nearly every quarter, accom- 
panied by Mrs. Gardner (q.v.). He married, 
in 1885, Nora Beatrice, eldest dau. of Sir James 
Blyth, Bart., of Blythswood, Stansted, and 33, 
Portland Place, W. 

GARDNER, Mrs. Nora Beatrice, of Clear- 
weU Castle, Gloucestershire, and Newton Hall, 
Dumnoro, Essex, in which comity she \\'as born, 
is the eldest dau. of Sir James Blyth, Bart., and 
is a famous sportswoman, having shot bears, 
lions, tigers and all kinds of big and small game 
in Northern India, Assam, Nepaul, N. America, 
Australia, Abyssinia and Somaliland. She also 


Axglo-x\frican Who's Who 

hunts, fishes, sketches, is an excellent horse- 
woman, and is fond of photography and needle- 
work. In the course of her travels she has ex- 
plored many comparatively unknown countries. 
Mrs. Gardner is absolutely fearless and appa- 
rently quite indifferent to the extremes of heat 
and cold which she has had to endure. 

Mrs. Gardner also iinds time to interest her- 
self in many public capacities, being Pres. of the 
Marylebone Women's Liberal Association, Pres. 
of the Clearwell Reading Rooms, Vice-Pres. of 
the Liberal Federation of Eng., Vice-Pres. of the 
Children's Happy Hom-s Association, Vice-Pres. 
of the Essex Needlevt'ork Guild, and vice-Pres. 
of the Social League. She was married, in 1885, 
to Col. Alan Gardner (q.v.). 

GARLICK, George, M.L.A., represents Cape 
Town in the Progressive interest in the Cape 
Parliament, to which he was returned in Feb., 

GARRETT, F. Edmund. While editor of 
the "Cape Times" in I89G, he rendered much 
assistance to Sir James (then Mr.) Rose-Innes 
in promoting the monster petitions throughout 
S.A. which were a considerable factor in 
hastening the release of the Reform prisoners. 
Of sound views, political stabiHty and indepen- 
dence of thought, he rendered great services to 
the Progressive party, and represented Victoria 
East in the Cape Legislative Assembly. He 
retm-ned to England Sept., 1902. 

GARSTIN, Sir William Edmund, K.C.M.G., 
Grand Cordon of the Osmanieh, and Grand 
Cordon of the Medjidieh, of Cairo, Egypt, and of 
Brooks' and the St. James' Clubs, is the son of 
the late Charles Garstin, of the Bengal Civil 
Service. He was born in India Jan. 29, 1849, 
and educated at Cheltenham Coll. He was ap- 
pointed to the Indian Public Works Dept. 
in Oct., 1872, and is one of the many Indian 
public servants whose services were lent to 
Egypt and who have done so much in the civil 
administration of that country. He left India for 
Egypt in 1885, and was appointed Inspector- 
Gen, of Irrigation in May, 1892, and Under- 
Secy. of State for Public Works in Nov., 1893. It 
was for services in connection with the Assouan 
Dam that he gained his K.C.M.G. In 1899 he made 
trips down the White and Blue Niles, his joiir- 
neys ending respectively 200 and 700 miles south 
of Khartoum. Recently he has retiuried to 
Cairo after a journey of 7,000 miles for the pm*- 
pose of investigating the sources of the Nile. 

Sir William Garstin has rendered many eminent 
services to Egypt. 

GAUGHREN, Right Rev. Matthew, Bishop 
of Tentyra, Vicar Apostolic of Kimberley, and 
Administrator Apostolic of the Transvaal ; of 
Bishop's House, 80, Dutoitspan Road, Kimber- 
ley, and of 32, Gold St. (Box 32), Johannesburg, 
was born in Dublin, Apr. 7, 1843 ; commenced 
his education at a couple of Dublin schools, and 
received his theological training chiefly in 
France. He received orders to a Deaconship 
from the Bishop of Autun ; was ordained priest 
by the late Cardinal CuUen on Apr. 29, 1867, 
and was employed thereafter for many years 
in parochial work in Liverpool and in the East 
End of London. He spent a few years in mis- 
sionary work in S. America, and afterwards in 
Australia. For six years he was stationed in 
Leith, Scotland, where, on Mch. 16, 1902, he 
was consecrated Bishop to succeed his brother, 
who died during the late S.A. War, as Vicar- 
Apostolic of Kimberley, with spiritual charge 
of the O.R.C. To that was added the eccle- 
siastical admimstration of the Transvaal. 

GAUNT, Commander, R.N., C.M.G., of H.M.S. 
Mohawk, was born in Australia, and is a 
brother of Capt. Guy Gaunt who received a 
sword of honour from the King of Samoa for 
gallantry some years ago. He received the 
C.M.G. for services rendered in the Far East, 
and the Italian silver medal for gallantry in 
action was bestowed upon him in recognition of 
his generous initiative and gallant conduct in 
rescuing an Italian comrade during the operations 
in Somaliland in 1903. 

GAUSSEN, Alfred, of 3, Walpole St., Chel- 
sea ; of Southwold, Suffolk, and of the Union 
Club, London ; was born in 1855 ; is son of 
Frederick Gaussen, Barrister-at-law ; was edu- 
cated at Eton and Christchvirch, Oxon. Mr. 
Gaussen was formerly Lieut, in the 25th Regt. 
(King's Own Borderers), and is now a Director 
of Henderson's Transvaal Estates and Hender- 
son's Consolidated Corporation. He married 
Lady Kathleen Bernard, youngest dau. of 
James, Earl of Bandon. 

GELL, Philip Lyttelton, J. P., M.A., of 
Hopton Hall, Derbyshire ; of Langley Lodge, 
nr. Oxford; and of Brooks', Athenasimi, 
and the City of London Clubs, was born in Lower 
Seymour Street, London, W., Apr. 29, 1852. 
He is the elder surviving son of Rev. John 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Philip Gell, Rector of Buxted, of Kirk Langley, 
Derby, and of Eleanor Isabella Franklin, sole 
issue of Admiral Sir Jolm Franklin, K.C.H., 
the Arctic navigator. Mr. P. Lyttelton Gell 
was educated privately, and at Balliol Coll., 
Oxon, where he graduated M.A. He is a 
Director of the British S.A. Co., the Foreign 
and Colonial Investment Trust Co., and the 
Westminster and General Life Assurance 
Association. He married, in 1889, Hon. Edith 
Brodrick, dau. of Viscount Midleton, Lord- 
Lieut, of Stu*rey, and sister of the Right Hon. 
St. John Brodrick, M.P. 

GIBBONS, Major Alfred St. Hill, was born 
Nov. 9, 1858. He was educated privately and 
at Christ's Coll., Camb., and took a coiximission 
as Lieut, in the 3rd East Kent Regt. in 1882. 
He served in the B.B.P. from 1890 to"l893, being 
present at Rhodes' Drift at the time of the 
threatened Boer trek into Mashonaland. In 
1894 he originated a movement in favovu" of the 
preservation of big game, which has since had 
far-reaching effects in the desired direction. He 
explored a large district in the Upper Zambesi 
basin in 1895-96, and from 1898 to 1900 led an 
important expedition into the interior of Africa 
in the interests of Imperial advancement and 
geography. He compiled a map of Barotseland 
a3 far as tlie Congo-Zambesi watershed in the 
north and the Kwito River in the west. He 
was the first to navigate the Middle Zambesi 
from the Kebrabasa Rapids to the Gwaai con- 
fluence in the pioneer steamer Constance. 
He discovered the source of the Zambesi in 1899 
and has followed the whole course of that river. 
The combined routes of this great expedition 
represented a mileage of upwards of 20,000 
miles beyond the reach of railways, and included 
the journey from Cape Town to Cairo, and from 
the mouth of the Zambesi to Benguella. 

Major Gibbons commanded a squadron of 
Younghusband's Horse during the late S.A. War. 
He is the author of '' Exploration and Hunting 
in Central Africa," and has since completed 
" Africa from South to North through Marotse- 
land" (1904). 

GIBSEN, Harry, J.P. for Cape Town, of 
Manis Avenue, Kenilworth, near C.T., and 
of the City and Civil Service Clubs, C.T., 
is the son of Henry Thomas Gibsen, who was 
the son of the Rev. John Gibsen, Vicar of Shef- 
field, and of the dau. of John Drewitt, of 
Houghton, Svissex. He was born April 27, 1863, 
at Haslemere, Surrey, and was educated at 

Reigate Gram. Sch. and Dulwich Coll. 
He is Hon. Corresponding Secy, of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, Fellow and Hon. Member of 
Society of Accountants and Auditors, and Hon. 
Secy., of the S.As Committee since its for- 
mation in 1893. For five years — from Jan., 
1879 — he served with the late Charles Freer, 
Public AccoLintant ; then from 1884^89 Chief 
Accountant to S.A. Loan Mortgage Mercantile 
Agency, Ltd., of Cape Town (for some time 
acting as Gen. Manager) ; 1889-1903 Gen. 
Manager and Secy, of the S.A. Association 
for the Administration and Settlement of Es- 
tates, which he resigned June 30, 1903, to join 
the firm now practising as Gibsen, Close & Co., 
at 133, Longmarket Street, Cape Town. Mr. 
Gibsen takes considerable interest in technical 
education and philanthropic work. He had a 
large share in organizing and re-building both 
the All Saints' House for Orphans and the School 
of Industry, Cape Town. He married, Oct. 3, 
1899, Henrietta Louisa, eldest dau. of James 
Hewlett Collard, J.P. of Sea Point, near Cape 

GIFFORD, Major, Lord, V.C, of Old Park, 
Chichester, Hants, and of Salisbury House, Lon- 
don Wall, E.C., was born July 5, 1849. Edric 
Frederick Gifford is son of the 2nd Baron Gif- 
ford, whom he succeeded in the title in 1872. 
Three years previously he had entered the Army, 
and in 1873-4 Lieut. Gifford saw his first active 
service in the Ashanti War, taking part in the 
repulse of the Ashantees at Abrakampa, Amoa- 
ful, and Beequah (where he was wounded). He 
was with the advance guard before the Prah, 
and after crossing it, commanded the scouting 
party up to Coomassie, and was present at the 
capture of that town. As a result of this cam- 
paign he was mentioned in despatches, received 
the V.C, medal and clasp, and was promoted 
Capt. In the Zulu War Lord Gifford joined in 
the pursuit of Cetywayo, and at the end of the 
operations carried home the despatches (men- 
tioned in despatch. Queen's medal and clasp, 
and brevet of Major). He retired from the ser- 
vice in July, 1880, and from that year until 1883 
acted as Colonial Secy, for West Australia, and 
sat in the Legislative Council. From 1883 to 
1888 he was Colonial Secy, of Gibraltar. He 
has been a Director of the B.S.A. Co. since its 
inception, and is Chairman of the Bechuana- 
land Exploration Co., Charterland Goldfields, 
Northern Copper (B.S.A.) Co., Rhodesia 
Copper Co., and is a director of some other 
S.A. Cos. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

GILL, Sib David, K.C.B. (1900), Order of the 
Medjidieh (1875) ; of the Royal Observatory, 
Cape of Good Hope, and the Athenagum, Cale- 
donian, and Civil Service (C.T.) Clubs; 
was born at Aberdeen, Scotland, June 12, 1843. 
He is the eldest son of David Gill, of Blairythan, 
Aberdeenshire ; was educated at Marischall 
Coll. and Univ., Aberdeen, graduating LL.D. , 
and soon applied himself to ^the study of 
astronomy, and its allied sciences. He under- 
took the direction of Lord Lindsay's private 
observatory at Dunecht, near Aberdeen (1872- 
76) ; organized Lord Lindsay's Transit of 
Venus Expedition to Mauritius ; made a series 
of heliometer observations there of the opposi- 
tion of the minor planet Jvmo (a new and original 
method of determining the Solar Parallax), con- 
nected the longitudes of Berlin, Malta, Alex- 
andria, Suez, Aden, Seychelles, Mauritius and 
Rodriguez, and measured a base-line for the 
Geodetic Survey of Egypt. In 1877 he organized 
an expedition to Ascension for determining the 
Solar Parallax by heliometer observations of the 
planet Mars. In 1879 he was appointed H.M. 
Astronomer at the Cape, and was identified with 
completing the records of his office and the 
more accurate Geodetic Survey of Natal and 
C.C, the latter work alone, begun in 1883, 
taking eleven years to accomplish. Thus all the 
accurately determined longitudes on the East 
and West Coasts of Africa, as well as the longi- 
tudes of Mauritius, Reunion and Seychelles, were 
established on the initiative and authority of 
Sir David Gill. In 1885 he commenced the work 
of photographing all the stars to the 10th 
magnitude from 18° S. to the S. Pole, assisted 
by Prof. J. G. Kapteyn of Groningen, and as a 
result three large volumes of Annals of the 
Cape Observatory were published showing the 
places and magnitudes of 454,875 stars. In 
1886, in conjunction with Admiral Mouchez, he 
carried through an international scheme for 
photographing the whole sky and cataloguing 
all stars to the 11th order of magnitude, and 
Sir David became senior member of the per- 
manent committee, whose reuxiions he attended 
at Paris in 1887, 1891, 1896 and 1900. In 
1881-83 he conducted a series of determinations 
of Stellar Parallax, and in 1888-90 observations 
on a larger scale were carried out at Cape Town, 
all the principal observatories of the world co- 
operating, and the conclusions as derived by Sir 
David in his final discussion of the whole seiies 
were adopted for use in the nautical almanacs 
and astronomical ephemerides of all nations at 
the Paris International Congress in 1896. In 

that year Sir David Gill was entrusted by the 
British and German Govts, to determine 
the boundary between British Bechuanaland 
and German S.W. Africa, and the necessary sur- 
vey operations have been in progress since 1897. 
He took the initiative in interesting Earl Grey 
and Mr. Rhodes in a Geodetic Siu-vey of Rhodesia, 
and the project of carrying the work along the 
30th meridian from the South to the Mediter- 
ranean is already being extended towards 
Tanganyika under his direction. The execution 
of the Great African Are of Meridian is perhaps 
the pet scheme of Sir David's life. Meanwhile, 
owing to the munificence of Mr. Frank McClean, 
the Cape Observatory has been fitted with a 
complete equipment for astrophysical research, 
and Sir David has been able to greatly extend 
the scope of his operations and the volume of his 
work, and under his direction the observatory 
has become by far the most important one in 
the Southern Hemisphere. 

Sir David Gill is a F.R.S. — one of the twenty 
Hon. F.R.S. Edin. ; correspondent of the Inst, 
of France (Acad, des Sciences) ; corresponding 
mem. of the Academies of Science of Berlin, St. 
Petersburg, of the Spectroscopic Soc. of Rome, 
and mem. of the Academies of Science of Amster- 
dam, Washington, New York, as also of many 
other scientific bodies. He is a gold medallist 
of the Royal Astronomical Soc, London 
(1882), Valse Medallist of the Inst, of France 
(1882), and in 1900 received the Watson Gold 
Medal of the Nat. Acad, of Sciences, Washington, 
and the Bruce Gold Medal of the Astronomical 
Soc. of the Pacific for distinguished services to 
astronomy. He is Pres. of the S.A. Philosophical 
Soc. and of the S.A. Assoc, for the Advancement 
of Science, and he originated the invitation 
extended to the British Assoc, to visit S.A. in 
1905. He is one of the three trustees of the S.A. 
Museum, a member of the Cape Geological Com- 
mission, and J. P. for the county of Aberdeen, 
Scotland, and for the Cape Division. 

He has published : "A Determination of the 
Solar Parallax from Observations of Mars at the 
Island of Ascension," " Heliometer Determina- 
tions of Stellar Parallax in the Southern Hemi- 
sphere " ; Catalogues of Stars for the Equinoxes, 
1850, 1860, 1865, 1885, 1890 and 1900 (in the 
press), from observations made at the Royal 
Observatory, Cape Town ; " The Cape Photo- 
graphic Din-chmusterung " (m conjiinction with 
Prof. J. C. Kapteyn) ; " Determination of the 
Solar Parallax and Mass of the Moon from 
Heliometer Observations of Victoria and 
Sapho ; " " The Geodetic Survey of South 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Africa," vols. 1 and 2 ; and many other papers 
and memoirs. 

Sir David is fond of shooting, especially 
spring buck, and when opportimity occurs of 
deer-stalking. He also takes up golf moderately. 
He married, July 7, 1870, Isobel, dau. of John 
Black, of Linhead, Aberdeeenshire. 

GIROUARD, Lieut. -Col. Sir Edwaud Percy 
Cranwill, K.C.M.G., D.S.O., R.E., is the son 
of a French Canadian, who was Judge of the 
Supreme Court of the Province of Montreal. 
He was born in 1 868, and educated at the Kings- 
ton Military Coll., from which he graduated, 
proceeding at once to an appointment on the 
engineering staff of the Canadian Pacific Rail- 
way. Here he had that splendid training which 
fitted the young student for the great work 
which he was destined to do in the service of 
his country. He entered the Royal Engineers 
in 1888 and proceeded to Woolwich, where his 
great knowledge of practical railway work led 
to rapid promotion. At the age of 23 he was 
appointed Traffic Manager of the Royal Arsenal 
Railways, and it was here that the keen eyes 
of Lord Kitchener discerned in young Girouard 
the very man to undertake the construction 
of the railway across the Soudan, which was 
to enable Lord Kitchener to push forward his 
advance from Dongola to Khartoum. Col. 
Girouard carried out this work as Director of 
Sudan Railways, and afterwards was appointed 
Pres. of the Egyptian Railway Board. In 1889 
he accompanied Lord Kitchener to the Cape 
as Director of Military Railways. He married, 
Sept. 10, 1903, Mav Gwendolen, only child of 
the Hon. Sir Richard Solomon, K.C.M.G., C.B., 
K.C., Attorney-Gen. of the Transvaal, and Lady 

GLEICHEN, Lieut. -Col. Count Albert 
Edward Wilfred, C.V.O., C.M.G., D.S.O., of 
St. James' Palace, London, S.W., and of the 
Marlborough, Guards, Turf and Beefsteak Clubs, 
is the son of the late Admiral Prince Victor of 
Hohenlohe (died 1891), and of Laura, dau. of the 
late Admiral of the Fleet, Sir George Seymour. 
He was born in London Jan. 15, 1863, and was 
educated at Cheam, Charterhouse and Sand- 
hurst. Count Gleichen joined the Grenadier 
Guards Oct. 1, 1883, and served with the Guards' 
Camel Regt. in the Nile Expedition of '84 
and '85. He was present at the actions of Abu 
Klea, Abu Kru, etc., etc. During 1886-88 he 
was attached to the Intelhgence Department of 
the War Office, and the Staff College '90-91. 

He was appointed on Sir W. Ridgway's Staff in 
Morocco in 1893, and served with the Intelhgence 
Division '95-99 as Staff Capt. and D.A.A.G. 
He served with the Dongola Expedition in 1896, 
and was Intelhgence Officer to Rennel Rodd's 
mission to Abyssinia in 1897. On war break- 
ing out in S.A. he proceeded with the 3rd 
Battn. Grenadier Guards to the front. He was 
through the actions of Belmont, Graspan and 
Modder River (where he was wounded). H© 
served first on the Staff and then as D.A.A.G. 
Transport and as Commandant at Enslin ; then 
as D.A.A.G. for Intelhgence for Ninth Divn. 
under Lieut. -Gen. Sir H. Colville. He was pre- 
sent at Paardeburg, Driefontein, Bloemfontein, 
Sauna's Post, Winberg, Blaauwberg, Lindley 
and Heilbron : then as Provost-Marshal at Pre- 
toria, and as D.A.A.G. Intell. Eastern Lines of 
Communication. At the end of 1900 he was re- 
called to Egypt and appointed Director of Intell. 
and Sudan Agent in Cairo, which he retained 
until late in 1903, when he left Egypt to take 
up his present position as Military Attache at 
Berlin. It will thus be seen that Count Gleichen 
has had a wide and varied military experience. 
He is also Equerry (extra) to the King. He lias 
also distinguished himself as a writer, his pub 
lications including " With the Camel Corps up 
the Nile" (1888), "Armies of Eiu-ope " (trans- 
lation, 1890), and " With the Mission to Menehk " 
(1898). He has contributed many mag. articles, 
and has besides written a mmiber of official 
handbooks and works on the Sudan. He is the 
Editor of " The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1904," 
which is now in the press. His recreations are 
travel, shooting, yachting, and sea-fishing. 
Count Gleichen is not married. 

GLYNN, Henry Thomas, J.P., F.R.C. Inst., 
of Sabie, District of Lydenbm-g, Transvaal, was 
born at Cape Town, Nov. 30, 1857. He is son 
of the late Henry Glynn, a well known S.A. 
hunter, traveller and rifle shot, who won 
the first gold medal shot for in S.A., and who wa^s 
one of the first few to start the Cape To\\ti Roj^al 
Volunteer Rifles, and finally died in 1894 of 
fever while on a himting expedition. Sir. H. T. 
Glynn was educated at the S.A. Coll. ; 
spent his early days on the River Diggings ; then 
after some success on the Kimberley fields, 
settled down in the Cape for two years. In 1875 
he went north and stayed in the Transvaal up 
to a j'ear before the great Boer War, with the 
exception of occasional himting trips througli 
the low-lying coimtry extending up to the 
Zambesi. He returned to Lydenburg in Aug. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1902, and is a Director of Glynn's Lydenburg, 
Ltd. Mr. Glynn married, in Oct., 1896, Miss 
G. G. Wales. 

GOLDIE, Right Hon. Sir George Dash- 
wood Taubman, K.C.M.G., P.C. {See Taubman- 
Goldie, Right Hon. Sir George Dash wood.) 

GOLDMANN, Charles Sydney, of 34, Queen 
Anne's Gate, Westminster, S.W., of Salisbury 
House, London, E.G., and of White's and 
Pratt's Clubs, was born at Burghersdorp, C.C. 
For many years Mr. C. S. Goldmann has been 
identified with the firm of S. Neumann & Co., one 
of the most powerful of the S.A. mining and 
financial groups, and in 1895 he was admitted 
to partnership in the firm. Mr. Goldmann is a 
man of enormous energy and concentration ; he 
has an almost encyclopaedic knowledge of the 
requirements of the Rand industry, and devotes 
himself entirely to the gold mining branch of his 
firm's business. He is Chairman of the Lang- 
laagte Block " B " Deep, the Alexandra Estate 
& G.M. Co., the Gold Patents (Transvaal) Co., 
the Knight Central, the Marievale Nigel, and 
the Riekml Cos., besides being on the Johan- 
nesburg Boards of the Angelo, Bonanza, Cason 
Cinderella, Consolidated Main Reef, Crown Reef, 
Driefontein Consolidated, East Rand Prop., 
Ferreira, Glen Deep, " H.F." Co., Hem'y Nourse, 
Langlaagte Deep, Main Reef Deep, Main Reef 
East, New Blue Sky, New Comet, New Mod- 
derfontein, Potchefstroom Exploration, Premier 
(Transvaal) Diamond, Rand Klipfontein, Trea- 
sury, Vogelstruis Consolidated Deep, Wit- 
watersrand Deep, and Wolhuter Cos. He is 
also on the London directorate of the Mining 
and Financial Trust Syndicate, and on the 
London Committee of a few other Cos. 

Mr. Goldmann is the author of " The Wit- 
watersrand Goldfields," " Goldmann's South 
African Mining and Finance," and " Goldmann's 
Map of the Witwatersrand " — all invaluable 
works for those who aspire to complete know- 
ledge of the Transvaal Fields. In the late 
S.A. War he acted as war correspondent of 
the " Argus " and " Standard," and at its close 
he brought out a book on the cavalry operations 
entitled " With General French in South Africa." 
He is Pres. of the S.A. Football Assoc, and 
has a cultivated artistic taste. He married, 
Feb. 11, 1899, Hon. Agnes Mary, younger dau. 
of the Right Hon. Viscount Peel, of the Lodge, 
Sandy, Beds., late Speaker of the House of Com- 
mons, and grand-dau. of Sir Robert Peel, the 
great Prime Minister. 

GOOLD- ADAMS, Major Sir Hamilton John, 
K.C.M.G., C.B. (Civil), of Bloemfontein, O.R.C., 
and the Army and Navy Club, was born in co. 
Cork, Ireland, on June 27, 1858. He is son of 
Richard Wallis Goold-Adams, of Jamesbrook, 
CO. Cork, and was educated privately and on the 
training ship Conway. He joined the Army 
in Jan., 1878, receiving his Captaincy seven years 
later, and his Majority in 1895. In Sir Charles 
Warren's Bechuanaland Expedition in 1884-5 he 
served under that officer ; he commanded the 
B.B.P. in the Matabele War of 1893, and in 
the S.A. War he served dviring 1899 and 
1900, first as Resident Commissioner in Bechu- 
analand, afterwards having command of the 
Kimberley Town Guard during the latter half of 
the siege (twice mentioned in despatches). 
Major Goold-Adams retired from his regt., the 
Royal Scots, in March, 1901, when he was ap- 
pointed Lieut. -Governor of the O.R.C., which 
important position he still occupies. He is not 

I GORDON, Webster B., A.M.I.C.E., formerly 
Superintending Engineer in the Public Works 
Dept. of India, was appointed late in 1903 expert 
adviser to the High Commissioner for S.A. 
on matters of irrigation, to which subject he had 
devoted much attention during his service in 

GORST, Sir Eldon, K.C.B., Grand Cordon of 
the Orders of the Medjidieh and Osmanieh, of 
Cairo, and the Turf, Carlton and St. James' 
Clubs, is the son of the Right Hon. Sir John 
Gorst, M.P., and Mary, dau. of the Rev. Lorenzo 
Moore. He was born in New Zealand, Jim.e 25, 
1861, and was educated at Eton and Trinity Coll., 
Camb., where he graduated M. A. (20th Wrangler). 
He entered the Diplomatic Service in 1885, be- 
coming Attache ; in 1887 he was Third Secy. ; in 
1892 Second Secy. ; and in 1900 Secy, of Lega- 
tion. In that year he was appointed Controller 
of Direct Taxes to the Egyptian Govt, .and in 
1892 Under-Secy. of State for Finance ; in 1894 
he was appointed adviser to the Ministry of tho 
Interior ; and in 1898 Financial Adviser to the 
Egyptian Govt. Sir Eldon Gorst has rendered 
eminent services to the cause of reform in Egypt. 
He married, June 25, 1903, Evelyn, dau. of C. D. 
Rudd (q.v.), of Ardnamurchan, N.B. 

GOULD, Edward Blencowe, I.S.O., of 
H.B.M. Consulate, Alexandria, and of tho Con- 
servative Club, Lond., was born Aug. 9, 1847 ; is 
the eldest surviving son of Rev. J. M. Gould, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


whose wife was a dau. of Gen. J. P. Grant, C.B. ; 
was educated at Uffctilme, Devon ; entered the 
consular service as Student Interpreter in Siam 
in 1868 ; was Vice-Consul in the Siamese Shan 
States in 1883 ; Consul in Sianri in 1885 ; Acting 
Charge d' Affaires in Siam in 1886, and again from 
1887 to 1889 ; became H.B.M. Consul at Port 
Said in 1891, and has been Consul with personal 
rank of Consul-Gen. at Alexandria since 1897. 
He married, in 1895, Alice Ehzabeth, dau. of Geo. 
Gordon, of Melbourne. 

GOWER-POOLE, Percy, F.R.G.S., M.I.M.E., 
M.F.I.M.E., F.R.C.I., of Klerksdorp, Transvaal, 
was born at Gravesend, Kent ; is son of the late 
Rev. Samuel Gower-Poole, Chaplain to Hon. 
Trinity House, London ; was educated privately, 
and was a cadet on H.M.S. Worcester. He 
spent some years in Canada in the Engineer's 
Dept. of the G.W.R ; served in the Cana- 
dian Militia ; afterwards studied in Venice, 
and went to S.A. in '73 ; took part in the Zulu 
War as Lieut., being present at the taking of 
Morosi's Movintain, Nov. 19, 1879 (medal and 
clasp). In the late Boer War he served with 
Rimmington's Guides and Scouts for 27 months, 
and with the 16th Brigade as Transport Officer 
for three months (medal and clasps). He has 
had experience of the Gold and Diamond Fields 
in Kimberley, De Kaap, Klerksdorp, Swaziland, 
Orangia, and the Rand ; and practises now as 
Civil and Mining Engineer at Klerksdorp. He 
married. May 5, 1887, Fanny Biu-nett, eldest dau. 
of J. F. Wood, of Stonehare, Scotland. 

GRAAF, Johannes Jacobus Aknoldtts, 
M.L.A., is member of the Cape Legislative 
Assembly for the Province of Worcester, having 
been last re-elected in Feb., 1904. He is a mem- 
ber of the Bond Party. 

GRAHAM, Frederick, C.B. (1899), of Kin- 
cairney, Weybridge, and of the St. Stephen's 
Club, was born in 1848 at Cherry Bank, New- 
haven, N.B. He is the son of Frederick Graham, 
of East Ferry Cottage, Dimkeld, N.B., and 
Marjorie, dau. of the Rev. Alex. Niven, D.D., of 
Dunkeld. He was educated at Edinburgh, and 
entered the Colonial Office in 1870 ; became prin- 
cipal clerk in 1896, and subsequently Asst. 
Under-Secy. of State, Colonial Office. 

GRAHAM, Hon. T. L., M.L.C, K.C, Attor- 
ney-Gen. in Sir Gordon Sprigg's Ministry ; 
has had a varied experience of political parties, 
having started iinder the Bond. At the com- 

mencement of the Boer War (1899) he was a 
bitter and uncompromising opponent of that 
organization ; but as Attorney-Gen. he caused 
great consternation by refusing to place papers 
relating to alleged treasonable practices by Dr. 
Te Water before the House, while admitting 
the existence of such documents being in pos- 
session of the Govt, and the military authorities. 
Finally, on the approach of the elections for the 
Legislative Council, he offered hunself as a 
Progressive candidate for the Western Circle 
of the C.C, and was elected, Nov., 1903, 
second on the poll, by 12,530 votes. He for- 
merly sat as the representative of the same 
constituency in the Council. 

GRAYDON, Newenham Arthur Eustace, 
was born at Dundalk in 1863 ; is the eldest 
son of the late Arthur P. Graydon of Dublin, 
and great-grandson of the late Right. Hon. Sir 
Edward Newenham, M.P. for Dublin County. 
He was educated at the Dmidalk Inst, and 
the Univ. of Oxford ; was formerly a Lieut, 
in the 3rd Batt. the Queen's (Royal West 
Surrey) Regt., and for several years in the Civil 
Service, which he entered by open competitive 
examination, passing first of 150 candidates for 
eight places. In 1885 he became Ed. of the 
" Civil Service Gazette," and was officially con- 
nected with the first and famous Conference of 
Colonial Premiers in 1887. After spending 
some years as Asst. -Ed. and Acting-Ed. of the 
journal " South Africa," he became Ed. of the 
" African Review." In 1896 he was appomted 
Ed. -in-Chief of the " Johannesbiu-g Times " 
and " The Tunes of Africa," of which latter he 
subsequently beccame proprietor. He is now 
leader writer on the " Financial News," and is 
also a contributor of special mining and financial 
articles to the " Economist " and other leading 
journals. His " Limited Liabihty Laws of the 
South African Republic " ran into a third edition, 
and among other works from his pen are " In 
Saintly Stamboul " and a volume of Slolicre's 
and Racine's comedies translated and adapted 
from the French. He has written a good deal 
on"travel" subjects in "Blackwood's Magazine" 
etc., being also joint author with Mr. Joseph 
Kitchen of a Map of the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields which achieved a considerable popularity. 
He is F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S., possesses the Free- 
dom of the City of London, is a Liveryman of 
the Fruiterers' Company, and a Freemason. 
He married Mary, eldest dau. of the late Thomas 
Southwell, of Bridgnorth, a kinswoman of 
Viscount Southwell. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

GREEN, JOHX Dampier, F.R.G.S., M.Inst. 
C.E., of Johannesbvirg, is a descendant of 
William Dampier, one of the earliest circvim- 
navigators of the world, and was born in London 
March 23, 1850. He was educated at Chester 
Coll., of which he is an old King's Scholar. 
He commenced his engineering career on the 
Dee (Chester) Reclamation Works on the Dee 
Estates, of which he was a part owner ; was 
owner of copper lead and coal mines and lime 
smelting works in North Wales, and left England 
in 1886 to assist in the construction of the Cape 
Central Railways. On completion thereof he 
fitted out an expedition to Malmani Goldfields. 
While there, in conjunction with others, he 
organized an expedition for the taking of 
Matabeleland. Some nmnbers of O.F. State 
and Transvaal Boers expressed a desire 
to join the enterprise, but the Home Govt, sent 
word that " Her Majesty would look with grave 
displeasvire upon any armed force leaving Bech- 
uanaland to molest the natives," and in deference 
thereto the undertaldng was abandoned. Mr. 
Dampier Green is Hon. Curator of the 
Mineralogical and Geological Dept. of the 
Transvaal Chamber of Mines, and Hon. 
Treas. and Secy, of the Geological Society 
of S.A., Johannesburg. 

GREENE, Sir William Conyngham, C.B. 
(1897), K.C.B. (1900), of the British Legation, 
Berne ; Glencarrig, Glenealy, co. Wicklow, and 
of the Travellers', St. James', and Royal St. 
George Yacht Clubs, is the son of Richard J. 
Greene, Barrister-at-Law, and the Hon. Louisa 
Plunket, fourth dau. of the third Baron Plunket. 
He was born Oct. 29, 1854, in Ireland, and edu- 
cated at Harrow and Oxford where he graduated 
M.A. (1880). He entered the Foreign Office 
in 1877, and the Diplomatic Service in 1887 ; 
served as Secy, to H.M. Legations at Athens, 
Stuttgart, Darmstad, The Hague, and Brussels ; 
as Secy, of Legation and Charge d' Affaires at 
Teheran 1893-1896, but it was when he was 
appointed Agent at Pretoria in Aug. 1896, with 
the rank of Charge d' Affaires in H.M. Diplomatic 
Service that he first came prominently before 
public attention. It will be remembered that 
Mr. Steyn roundly accused him of " decoying " 
the Transvaal Govt, into making a conditional 
offer of the five years' franchise. It was Sir 
Conyngham who told Mr. Kriiger that, 
whether he said " suzerainty " or not, suzer- 
ainty there would have to be ; but that " if 
the present were a bona-fide endeavour to settle 
the political rights of our people for good 

and all, we should neither wish, nor have 
cause, for interference with the internal 
affairs of the Transvaal." At 5 p.m. on 
Oct. 11, 1899, Sir W. C. Greene's official duties 
at Pretoria came to and end. [He received the 
ultimatum of the Transvaal Govt., and having 
asked for and received his passports left 
Pretoria on Oct. 12 for England. For his 
services he was made K.C.B., May 24, 1900, 
and promoted to be an Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary in H.M. Dip- 
lomatic service in 1901. He married, in 1884, 
Lady Lily Stopford, fifth dau. of the Earl of 

GREENLEES, James Neilson, late Capt. 
S.A.M.I.F., of Johannesbm-g, and the Rand, 
New (Johannesburg), and Durban Clubs, was 
born at Glasgow, June 22, 1852. He is son of 
Matthew Greenlees, of Campbeltown, N.B., by 
Elizabeth Jack of Paisley, N.B., and was 
educated at Blair Lodge Sch. and Edinburgh 
Univ. Arriving in S.A. in 1871, he worked 
on the Diamond Fields for over a year without 
success. For the next eight years he was farming 
and storekeeping in the Free State, making 
two hunting trips into what was then considered 
the far interior north of Bechuanaland. In 1881 
he had a wholesale mercantile business in New- 
castle, Natal, where he was head of the Munici- 
pality in 1883. He was in business at Wakker- 
stroom, Transvaal, from 1884 to 1889, when he 
went to Johannesbin-g and started stock- 
broking. At the beginning of the late war 
Mr. Greenlees was appointed War Corres- 
pondent to " The Times," and was with Gen. 
French in the Colesberg District. He joined 
the Colonial Division under Gen. Brabant in 
Dec. 1899, and was through all the Division's 
fighting, including the siege of Wepener, up till 
Aug. 1900, when he was with Gen. Clements 
from Senekal to Bethlehem. In Aug. Capt. 
Greenlees was appointed A.D.C. to Gen. 
Brabant and remained with him until Jan., 
1902, when, on the reorganization of the C.D.F., 
he retired and returned to Johannesburg. His 
services were brought to the notice of the C.I.C. 
by Sir E. Y. Brabant, but as these were deemed 
to have been rendered to the Cape Colonial 
Govt, no notice was taken of the recommenda- 
tion by Lord Kitchener. In Johannesbmrg 
he is a Director of several Cos. ; he was for 
years on the Committee of the Stock Exchange, 
and has taken an interest in local politics. He 
married, in 1893, Miss Ethel Maud Gittings, 
of Birmingham. 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


GREENLEES, Thomas Ditncan, M.D., 
(Edin.), F.R.S.E., J.P., of the Residency, 
Grahamstown, and the Albany Club, Grahams- 
town, was born at Kilmarnock, Scotland, Sept. 
29, 1858, and belongs to a Campbeltown (Argyll- 
shire) family. He was educated at Glasgow 
and Edinbiu"gh Univ. Dr. Greenlees was 
Asst. Med. Officer at Carlisle Asylum from 
1884 to 1887, and held a similar appoint- 
ment at the City of London Asylum from 1887 
to 1890. He is now Medical Supt. of 
the Grahamstown Asylum, the Chronic Sick 
Hospital, Grahamstown, and of the Institute for 
Imbeciles, Grahamstown. He is the author of 
many papers on medical and psychological 
subjects, and was lately Surg.-Capt. in 
the 1st City Volunteers. He married, Oct. 
17, 1894, Edith, dau. of the late R. White of 

GREGOROWSKI, Judge ; formerly a Judge 
of the O.F.S., he was in 1896 State Attor- 
ney to that Republic when invited to pre- 
side over the trial of the Reform prisoners at 
Pretoria, although having no status in the Trans- 
vaal. He was accordingly provisionally ap- 
pointed to a seat on the Transvaal Bench. 
He was noted for the peculiar severity of his 
sentences on all except Boers, and it is asserted 
that he came to the trial of the Reformers with 
the full intent of stretching the law to its utmost 
against the prisoners. In summing up he stated 
that he held the signatories of the letter of invita- 
tion to Dr. Jameson to be directly responsible 
for the shedding of the burghers' blood at 
Doornkop. Notwithstanding that the Com- 
mittee had offered to guarantee with their persons 
that if the Govt, would allow Dr. Jameson 
to come into Johannesburg unmolested, he would 
leave again peacefully as soon as possible, and 
setting aside the special statutes of the State, 
he passed the death sentence upon them under 
Roman-Dutch law. The Judge then passed 
sentence on the other prisoners, the rank and 
file of the Reform Committee, condemning them 
to two years' imprisonment, to pay fines of 
£2,000 each, or as an alternative to suffer an- 
other's year's imprisonment, and thereafter to 
be banished from the State for a period of three 
years. Mr. Gregorowski resigned his judge- 
ship to fin the post of State Attorney vacated 
by Dr. Coster. When a law was passed (No. 1 
of 1897) empowering the Govt, to exact assur- 
ances from the judges that they would respect 
all resolutions of the Volksraad as having the 
force of law and declare themselves not entitled 

to test the validity of a law by its agreement 
or conflict with the Constitution, and empowering 
the President to summarily dismiss the judges, 
Mr. Gregorowski emphatically stated that no 
honourable man coiild possibly sit upon th© 
Transvaal Bench so long as that law remained 
upon the Statute Book. Nevertheless on having 
to decide the question of costs which was referred 
to him in the case of Brown v. the State, he gave 
a judgment which practically brought the case 
under the operation of the obnoxious law. 
Furthermore, when Chief Justice Kotze was 
dismissed by the President under the summary 
powers of Law 1 of 1897, Mr. Gregorowski did 
not find it inconsistent to accept the office of 
Chief Justice. 

GREY, Eael, LL.M., J.P., of 22, South St., 
Park Lane, W., of Howick House, Lesbury, 
Northinnberland, and of Brooks' Club, is the 
only surviving son of Gen. the Hon. Chas. 
Grey, and nephew of the 3rd Earl Grey, 
K.G., P.C, who was the eldest son of the 
youngest of the accusers who impeached Warren 
Hastings at the Bar of the House of Lords in. 
1788 and the six following years. Albert 
Henry George Grey, who is now the 4th Earl, 
was born Nov. 28, 1851. and was educated at 
Harrow and at Cambridge, where he greatly 
distinguished himself. He began his political 
career under curious circumstances. It was 
in 1878 that at a by-election in South Northiim- 
berland the Liberal party selected Mr. Albert 
Grey (as he then was) to contest what was 
generally regarded as a safe Conservative seat. 
However Mr. Grey's popularity won him a 
majority of two at the poll over his rival, Mr. E. 
Ridley, Q.C., but as the extra couple of voting 
papers were found to be irregular, the High 
Sheriff decided to reject them, and made a 
double return, each opponent being returned 
to the House of Commons without having the 
right to speak or vote. As the ParUament was 
nearly at an end, the Liberals resolved not to 
incur the expense of a scrutiny, and the Conserv- 
ative member was allowed to keep the seat 
until the dissolution in 1880, when the present 
Peer was elected by a large majority. In 18S5-6 
he represented the Tyneside Division of his native 
county as a Liberal-Unionist, but in the latter 
year he was defeated by a Gladstonian candidate, 
and did not subsequently seek parUamentary 

Earl Grey succeeded to the title in 1894. 
He was one of the original directors of the B.S.A . 
Co., and in 1896 he went to RhodsBia as Ad- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

ministrator, filling this high office with consider- 
able success during a troublous period which 
saw, amongst other things, the settlement of the 
peace terms with the Matabele chiefs, which 
put an end to the rebellion of 1896. Lord Grey 
for a time took an active part in the field against 
the Matabele, and it is not generally known that 
he was very nearly cut oS by the rebels at the 
battle of Sepula's Kraal in the Matoppos. He 
returned to England in 1897, and soon after 
became Vice-Pres. of the Chartered Co., a post 
which he has filled ever since. He is also one of 
the Trustees for the Debenture Holders of the 
B.S.A. Co., and is Chairman of the Charter 
Trust and Agency, Ltd. He not only devotes 
himself to the more important affairs of the 
Chartered Co., but takes also a very 
genuine interest in the personal interests of 
Rhodesians. Among other popular movements 
he is interesting himself in having the remains 
of four prominent Rhodesians who were killed 
in the late S.A. War, viz.. Jack Spreckley, Fred 
Crewe, Claude Grenfell, and C. J. Knapp, 
removed to Charterland for re-interment 
hard by the tomb of Cecil Rhodes in the Ma- 
toppos. But the great philanthropic movement 
with which Lord Grey has been identified 
from the commencement is the formation and 
organization at home and abroad of the Central 
Public House Trust Association, the chief ainas 
of which are to promote the higher temperance 
by the conversion, wherever possible, of the 
public house from a drinking bar into a house 
of refreshment for the supply of wholesome 
food and non-alcoholic liquors as well as of beer 
and spirits, and to provide such an organization 
as will enable the licensing authorities to secure 
that all new Ucenses, with their high monopoly 
values, shall be administered as a trust in the 
interests of the public, and not by private 
individuals for their personal gain. In 1877 
he married Alice, youngest daughter of the 
late R. S. Holford, of Weston Brit, 

GRIFFIN, TowNSHEND, of 29, Queen Anne's 
Gate, London, S.W., was formerly a Govt, 
official in Kimberley, and subsequently Chief 
Commissioner of Mines in Rhodesia where he 
resided for some years. He has now relinquished 
that appointment, and is a trustee for the 
Debentm-e-holders of the Rhodesia Railways, 
a director of the Eurafrican Co. and some other 

GRIFFITH, HoKACE Major Bbandfobd, 

C.M.G. (1902), J.P. of Bathurst, Gambia, 
W. Africa, and of the Constitutional and 
Grosvenor Clubs, is the youngest son of the late 
Sir W. Brandford Griffith, K.C.M.G., of Windsor, 
Barbados, W. Indies. He was born in 1863; 
was educated at Harrison's CoU., Barbados, 
and now occupies the position of senior member 
of the Executive and Legislative Councils of 
the Gambia, for which Colony is he also J.P. 
He married, in 1897, Margaret Elizabeth, dau. 
of the late S. A. Sewell of Eahng. 

GRIFFITH, Sib William Brandfoed, 
Knight Bachelor, B.A., of Accra, Gold Coast, 
and Constitutional Club, was born at Stone 
Court, Stone, Glos., Feb. 9, 1858. He is son of 
Sir W. Blandford Griffith by his wife Mary 
Eliza, dau. of George Thornton Metcalfe, of 
Antigua, and previously of Kirkby Lonsdale, 
Westmoreland. He was educated in Jersey, 
at Harrison Coll., Barbados, at Univ. Coll., 
London, and was called to the Bar of the Middle 
Temple in 1881. In 1885 he was appointed 
District Commissioner of the Gold Coast Colony, 
and acted as Qvieen's Advocate and Puisne 
Judge of the Gold Coast frequently between 
1884 and 1888. He was R.M. at Jamaica from 
1889 to 1895 ; Actg. Attomey-Gen., Jamaica, 
1892 ; and received his present appointment 
as Chief Justice of the Gold Coast in 1895. 
He administered the Govt, of Lagos in 1896 ; 
and was Deputy for the Governor of the Gold 
Coast in 1897. Sir Wilham revised the Ordin- 
ances of the Gold Coast in 1887, in 1897, and 
again in 1903, and he now holds a dormant 
commission to administer the Govt, of the Gold 
Coast in the absence of the Governor and the 
Colonial Secy. He married, Feb. 7, 1884, 
Eveline Florence Elizabeth, dau. of Penrose 
Nevins, of Settle, Yorks. 

GRIFFITHS, Harry Denis, of Johannesburg 
(P.O. Box 2146), and of the Blenheim (Lend.) 
and Rand (Johannesburg) Clubs, was born at 
Manchester in 1866. He is second son of John 
Griffiths, at one time champion of the Nemesis 
Rowing Club. He was educated at Dieppe Coll. 
and at the Royal Sch. of Mines, Lend. ; graduated 
B.Sc. ; was Bronze, Silver, and Gold Medallist 
of Cardiff Technical Schools, and secured the 
Ware and Cardiff Scholarships. He is also 
Associate of the Royal Sch. of Mines, 1st Class 
in Mining, a Whitworth Scholar and Medallist, 
and member of various technical and scientific 
societies. He has occupied the following 
positions : Mine manager, Kimberley D.M. 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Co., 1890 ; chief engineer Kimberley Exhibition, 
1892 ; consulting engineer to the Geldenhuis 
Est., Simmer and Jack, and East Rand Prop. 
Cos., and is now consulting engineer to several 
important Cos. on the East R.and, Coronation 
and Heidelberg sections. In 1897 Mr. Griffiths 
went to New Zealand, spending two years con- 
verting dry crushing to wet crushing plants. 
He was also chief engineer to the Auckland 
Exhibition. During the S.A. War he went to 
Rhodesia, resmuing his practice in Johannesburg 
on the declaration of peace. He was a member 
of the Patents Committee of the Witwatersrand 
Chamber of Mines ; has served on the Auckland 
(N.Z.) and Rhodesian Chambers of Mines ; 
has written many scientific papers, and has 
issued a map of the Coronation line of reef. 
Mr. Griffiths formerly played for the London 
Welsh F.C. ; was vice-capt. of the Sch. of 
Mines Rowing Club, and captained the winning 
pair and fours in 1889. He married, in 
1895, Florence Maud, second dau. of the late 
E. Clements, C.E., R.N. 

GROGAN, Capt. Ewabt Scott, 4th Royal 
Munster Fusiliers, of Good Hope Farm, Middel- 
burg, Transvaal, and the Savage, Alpine, New 
Oxford and Camb. and Rand Clubs, is the son 
of the late William Grogan, of 97, Queen's 
Gate, South Kensington. He was born Dec. 
12, 1874, at Eton Square, London, and was 
educated at Winchester and Jesus CoU., 
Camb. Capt. Grogan fought as Gvmner in 
the second Matabele War and made the first 
joiirney from the Cape to Cairo. During tliis 
journey he discovered new species of antelope 
Eind elephant, and shot 33 elephants and 13 
lions. He was appointed on the Johannesbm-g 
Town Council by Lord Milner in 1903. He 
has'taken a leading part in the fight for the intro- 
duction of Chinese labourers to work the Trans- 
vaal Mines. He is now experunenting in agri- 
culture in S.A., and is a Director of the African 
Farms Co., Ltd. Capt. Grogan has travelled 
much and studied economics of Australasia, 
the South Seas, and N. and S. America. Be- 
sides being an explorer and hunter, he is a writer 
of some note, and has written a stirring account 
of his journey through Africa, entitled " From 
the Cape to Cairo," in collaboration with 
Arthur H. Sharp (Hurst & Blackett). 
He married, Oct. 11, 1900, Miss G. Watt, of 
Napier, New Zealand. 

GROVE, Daniel, was born in Australia. 
While travelling in E. Africa he intimated 

to the Governor of Mozambique that he had 
annexed a portion of the Province of Mozam- 
bique which he desired should be recognized 
as an independent State under the suzerainty 
of Great Britain. 

GROVE, Col. Edwaed Aickin, C.B., of 
Belgrave Mansions, S.W., and of White's and 
the Wellington Clubs, was born at Dolguog, 
Machynlleth. He was educated at Bedford 
Sch., and joined the 2nd Royal Cheshire Militia 
in 1873, transferring to the 97th Regt. in the 
same year. He passed Staff Coll. in 1883 ; 
was D.A.A.G. and Q.M.G. Canada from 1885 to 
'87 ; D.A.A.G. Eastern Dist. 1881-88 ; com- 
manded the 2nd Batt. of the Queen's Own 
(Royal West Kent) Regt. 1896-1901, receiving 
the brevet rank of Col. in 1900, and was 
A.A.G. and C.S.O. Scotland in 1902. 

Col. Grove has seen much active service, 
commencing with the Transvaal War in 1881. 
He was all through the Egyptian Expedition of 
1882, being present at Kassassin and Tel-el- 
Kebir, and acting as Asst. Provost-Marshal to 
the 2nd Division (medal with clasp, Khedive's 
star, and brevet majority). He served in the 
Sudan Expedition of 1884-85 as D.A.A.G. 
and Q.M.G. (clasp), and in the S.A. War com- 
manded his regt. from 1899 to 1901, and after- 
wards commanded the sub-district of Krugers- 
dorp (mentioned in despatches, C.B., and medal 
with 4 clasps). He married, in 1887, Georgina, 
dau. of the late Rev. George Atldnson, of 
Kettlethorpe, Lines. 

GUNN, H. Hamilton, of Kimberley, grad- 
uated at the Royal Sch. of Mines, passing out 
in 1876. Since then he has been associated 
with phosphate of lime and manganese deposits 
in Germany, iron ore in Belgiiun, lead and quick- 
silver in Austria, tin in Cornwall, copper in 
L-eland and Arizona, sulphur and borax in 
Ireland, silver, lead, and gold in the States, 
and gold and tin in Borneo, the 
Malay Peninsula and Siam. He has spent 
some time in special chemical research with Dr. 
Squire, and has acted as b"+--'"'-- " mining 
at the Edinbm-gh Coll. of Science and Tech- 
nology. In 1903 he was appointed Professor 
at the Kimberley Sch. of Mines. Mr. Gunn 
is a Knight of the Order of the Crown of 

GUNZBURG, Robert, of 5, Dowgate Hill, 
London, E.C., went out to S.A. in 1893, 
and was instriunental in forming the S.A. Con- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

tracting Assn., Ltd. , the Technical and Commercial 
Corpn., Ltd., the Siemens, Ltd., and the Arthur 
Koppel, Ltd. He returned to Europe in 1901, 
and later on resigned the directorships in these 
Cos. He is now associated with the 
Eastern Gold Farms Synd., Ltd., the Bethel 
Synd., Ltd., and several other Companies. 

GUPPY, Robert, of 3, St. George's Mansions, 
Besborough Gardens, S.W., and of the Cocoa 
Tree Club ; was born Nov. 17, 1872, at 
Melbury, near Dorchester. He was educated 
at Sherborne and appointed to the Imperial 
Post Office in March, 1890. and to the Colonial 
Civil Service Aug. 24, 1900. He is now 
Accoimtant of the Post and Telegraph Dept. 
Gold Coast Colony. 

HAARHOFF, Daniel Johannes, M.L.A., of 
Klimberley, was bom at Graaff-Reinet in 1846, 
and was educated at the public sch. in that town. 
He served his articles with D. J. van Ryneveld, 
attorney, in 1863 ; was admitted in 1868, and 
practised at Graaff-Reinet until 1877, when he 
left for the Diamond Fields. He was engaged 
for some tune in the Kimberley and De Beers 
mines, and then joined Mr. J. J. Michau in an 
attorney's business in Kimberley. He was 
elected Mayor of Kimberley in 1884, and was 
returned to the Cape House of Assembly as 
Progressive member for Kimberley in 1894, 
and again in Feb., 1904. He is Grand Master 
of Central S.A. Freemasons. 

HACKER, Rev. William John, of Maritz- 
burg, was born at Keinton Mandeville, Somer- 
setshire, Apr. 16, 1853. He was educated at 
Yeovil and Sherborne Schs. and received his 
training for the Church at Richmond CoU. 
He acted as Naval Chaplain at Simonstown 
from 1876 to 1883, when he went to Butter- 
worth, where he established upwards of fifty 
schools and chiirches, in addition to assisting 
in the foundation of the Lamplough Training 
Institution and the Aylif? Memorial Church. 
From Butterw' "*'' he went to East London 
(C.C.) ' - ^^i/o 3 Pietermaritzburg in 1901. 

He has been Superintendent of the Maritzbm-g 
Circuit from that time, and Chairman of the 
Natal District Synod from 1903. He married, 
July 28, 1881, Grace, dau. of Thos. H. Lawton, 
of Cape Town. 

HADDON-SMITH, Geobge Basil, C.M.G., 
of the Secretariat, Sierra Leone, and of the 
Junior Athenaeum Club, was born Nov. 25, 

1861. He is son of the late H. B. Haddon- 
Smith, C.E., his grandfather having been a 
Major in the 73rd Regt. Mr. George Haddon- 
Smith was educated at Victoria Coll., Jersey. 
He served with the Houssa Force ; took part in 
the expedition against the Jebus (W. Africa) 
in 1892 (despatches, medal, and clasp) ; was 
Political Officer on Sir Gilbert Carter's mission 
to Jorubaland in 1893. for which service he 
received the thanks of the Secy, of State. 
He was subsequently Asst. Colonial Secy, at 
Lagos ; Priv. Secy, to Sir Francis Scott in the 
Ashanti Expedition in 1895-6 (despatches and 
Star) ; Chief Asst. Col. Secy, at the Gold Coast, 
1896, and Political Officer on Sir James 
Willcock's staff diu-ing the Ashanti Expedition 
in 1900, for which service he was mentioned 
in despatches, received the medal and clasp 
and also the C.M.G. He was Acting Gov. 
of the Gambia in 1901, and received his present 
appointment as Colonial Secy, of Sierra Leone 
1901. He married Ivy Constance, dau. of the 
late Col. B. Hodson. 

HAGGARD, Henry Rider, J. P., of Ditch- 
ingham. House, Norfolk, and of the Athenfeum, 
Savile, Authors', and Sports Clubs, was born at 
Bradenliam, Norfolk, June 22, 1856 ; is the sixth 
son of Wm. M. Rider Haggard of Bradenham 
Hill, and was educated privately. He resided 
for a considerable time in Natal on a farm which 
is well known as the supposed home of " Jess." 
He was Secy, to Sir Hy. Bulwer, Governor of 
Natal, in 1875, and in 1877 he joined the stafT 
of Sir T. Shepstone, and was one of the " handful 
of individuals " concerned in the annexation of 
the Transvaal in that year. In 1878 he was 
appointed Master of the High Com-t of the 
Transvaal, and the following year was given a 
Lieut. 's commission in the Pretoria Horse, 
with which corps he was besieged in Pretoria 
during the Boer War of Independence (1880-1). 
He was called to the Bar of Lincoln's Inn in 
1884, but never practised. He imsuccessfully 
contested the Eastern Division of Norfolk in the 
Conservative interest in 1895. 

Mr. Haggard is famous as the author of a 
number of charming romances, besides which 
he has published a couple of books on rural life 
known as " A Farmer's Year " and " Rural 
England" (2 vols.), in cormection with which 
latter he made a prolonged tour of the country 
to acquire at first hand such data as was neces- 
sary to make his work a valuable text book. In 
addition to this he constantly finds occasion 
to inform the public in the Press on questions 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


connected with Africa and the country life, 
on which subjects his large and varied Icnowledge 
always procures him a ready hearing. For 
many years he has been one of the proprietors 
of the " African Review," and for some httle 
time he was a familiar figure in the city, but his 
preference for writing and a country life soon 
withdrew him to Ditchingham. He takes a 
considerable interest in Egyptology, but his 
main hobby (though he takes it quite seriously) 
is farming, and he is particularly fond of shoot- 
ing and cycling. He married, in 1880, Mariana 
Louisa, dau. of the late Maj. Margiston of 

HALL, Rev. Alfred, F.R.C.I., of Baydon- 
field, Rosebery Avenue, Fort Elizabeth, was 
born at Newbury, Berks, in 1860 ; was educated 
at St. Bartholonaew's Gram. Sch., Newbury, 
and at the MetropoUtan Baptist Coll., London, 
and exercised his hoixie ministry at Ashley, 
Lymington ; Hampton Court ; St. Leonards- 
on-Sea ; and Merthyr Tydvil, S. Wales. He 
was formerly a member of the Hastings School 
Board, and was appointed Minister of Queen 
Street Baptist Church, Port EHzabeth, in 1898, 
and has founded in that town and at Mossel 
Bay Missions to Dutch-speaking coloured 
persons. He is editor of the " S.A. Baptist," 
the official organ of the Baptist Union for the 
S.A. Colonies. He is also chairman of the com- 
mittee for erecting a tower and peal of bells 
as a memorial to the British settlers of 1820 
who landed in Algoa Bay, of which Lord Milner, 
Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson, Sir Gordon 
Sprigg and Sir Henry de Villiers are Patrons. 

HALL, John, Jtjnk., of 3, Brick Court, 
Temple, E.C., and the Constitutional Club, 
was born in London Sept. 28, 1872 ; is the second 
son of John Hall of 1, Fleet St., E.C. ; was edu- 
cated at St. Paul's Sch. and privately in 
Germany and France ; was Pi'ivate Secy, to 
the Governor of the Gold Coast Colony, 1894-5, 
in which capacity he visited Ashanti before the 
outbreak of the Ashanti War. He was called 
to the Bar in 1899, and collaborated with W. H. 
Wills in the editing of " Bulawayo Up-to- 
Date, a Handbook to Rhodesia." He is asso- 
ciated with J. A. Edison's inventions in ore 
crushing macliinery. His chief recreations are 
golf, shooting and motoring. 

HALL, R. N., of Bulawayo ; has had a con- 
siderable share of the work of bringing S.A. 
before the public by means of exhibitions. In 

1898 he was Secy, of the Grahamstown Exhibi- 
tion, and was in '99 in charge of the Rhodesian 
section of the Greater Britain Exhibition in 
London. In 1902 he proceeded to inspect the 
Zimbabye Ruins with a view to their preservation. 

HALLIWELL, E. A., of the Wanderers' 
Club, Johannesburg, is perhaps the best 
known S.A. cricketer. He is a good bat, 
and is said to be the best wicket-keeper of the 
day. He accompanied the S.A. teams to 
England in 1894, 1901 and 1904, fully sustaining 
liis reputation in the latter tour. He is also 
the official starter for the Turf Club and 
the Pony and Galloway Club of Johannes- 

HAMILTON, Frederic Howard, of 10 and 
11, Austin Friars, E.C, and of the Rand, 
Devonshire, City University, and Eighty Clubs, 
was born in London in 1865 ; was educated at 
Mill Hill Sch. and Caius Colh, Camb., graduat- 
ing B.A., LL.B. After reading for the Bar 
at the Inner Temple, he went to S.A. in 1889, 
where his scholarly attainments and grasp of 
affairs inclined him to journalism. He owned 
and edited the " Zoutpansberg Review," and was 
Editor of the Johannesbm-g " Star " from 1894 
until 1896, when on account of his active par- 
ticipation in the Reform movement as member 
of the Committee the paper was suppressed, 
and he himself was put on his trial for high 
treason, ultimately getting off with a fine of 
£2,000. On returning to England he became 
Editor of the " African Review," an appoint- 
ment which he rehnquished in 1899 to join the 
firm of L. Ehrhch & Co. He is a director of 
several S.A. Cos. 

HAMILTON, Robert William, of Zanzibar, 
was educated at St. Paul's Sch. and Trinity 
Hall, Camb. ; Classical Scholar, B.A., 1899 
(honours), M.A., 1892. He was Secy, of the 
Commission of Inquiry in Dominica 1893-4 ; 
was a student at the Inner Temple in 1893, and 
was called to the Bar in 1895. From 1895 to 1897 
he was District Commissioner at Lagos ; was 
Registrar, East Africa Protectorate, 1887 ; 
Acting Judicial Officer Apr. to Nov. 1898 ; 
Town Magistrate 1899 ; Asst.- Judge and Ad- 
ministrator-Gen., 1900; Acting Judge from 
June 1901 to March 1902, and Acting Asst.- 
Judge at Zanzibar, July 1902. 

HANAU, Carl, of Victoria West, C.C, 
Johannesburg, Berlin, and London, is son 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of T. Hanau of the firm of Hanau & Hoffe. 
He was born at Freiberg, Germany, on July 
3, 1855, and was educated at Frankfort o/M. 
Iklr. Hanau was one of the pioneers of the 
Rand, and very early in its history began 
to take a leading part in the building up of its 
(and incidentally his own) fortim.e6. He was 
formerly a partner of S. Neumann & Co., 
and a Director of the Rand Mines, Ferreira, 
Crown Reef, Wolhuter, Consohdated Main Reef 
and Modderfontein Cos., but he now repre- 
sents the firm of Barnato Bros, in S.A. ; 
is Chairman of the Coronation Synd. (which 
he founded), Barnato Consolidated Mines 
(Acting), Johannesburg Consohdated Invest- 
ment (local), and Randfontein Deep, and is 
also on the Boards of the African Farms, Ltd., 
Ginsberg, Glencairn, Kleinfontein Deep, Lang- 
laagte Royal, New Primrose, New Rietfontein, 
New Spes IBona, New Unified, Rietfontein 
" B " Roodepoort, South Cinderella Deep, 
Van Ryn, Western Rand Synd., and the Wit- 
watersrand (Knights) G.M. Cos. Mr. Hanau 
acted as Pres. of the Chamber of Mines in 
Johannesbin-g during the absence of Mr. 
Lionel Phillips, and was for many years a 
Steward of the Johannesburg Turf Club, and a 
member of the Committee of the Wanderers' 
Club of Johannesburg. He married, Jan. 19, 
1886, Miss Sopliie Baumann. 

H ANBURY- WILLIAMS, Lieut. -Col. John, 
C.M.G., of 79, Ecclestone Square, S.W., and of 
the Army and Navy Club ; son of the late Fer- 
dinand Hanbury- Williams, of Coldbrook Park, 
Mon. ; was educated at Wellington Coll. and 
passed into the 43rd L.I. in 1878. He acted as 
A.D.C. to Sir E. Hamley in the Egjrptian Cam- 
paign of 1882, when he was present at Tel-el- 
Kebir, where his horse was shot under him, 
being mentioned in despatches, medal, clasp, 
star, and 5th class Medjidieh ; he was extra 
A.D.C. to Sir M. Grant Duff during his Governor- 
ahip of Madras, 1884-5 ; was extra A.D.C. to 
Sir H. Macpherson in Burmah in 1886, and 
was in 1892 appointed Adjt. of the 3rd (Militia) 
Batt. of the Oxfordshire L.I., attending the 
German Army manoeuvres in 1894. He 
relinquished this appointment in 1897 to join 
Lord Milner in S-A. as his Military Secy. ; he 
received the C.M.G. in 1899, and was appointed 
Secy, to the Secy, of State for War in 1900. 
He married, in 1888, Anne Emily, dau. of 
Emil Reiss. 

HARDING, Col. Colin, C.M.G. , Com- 

mandant of Barotse Native Police, of White's, 
Sports, and Bulawayo Clubs ; is the son of the 
late Charles Harding, of Montacute Abbey, 
Somerset, where he was born Aug. 15, 1863. 
He was educated privately, and went to S.A. 
where he served in Mashonaland during the 
rebellion. For some time he was galloper 
to Col. Alderson. He received his commission 
in the B.S.A. Pohce in the same year, and raised 
and commanded the Mashonaland Native 
Police. He was mentioned three times in 
despatches, and received his C.M.G. for 
services during the Mashona Rebellion. He 
proceeded to British Central Africa in 1898 
and raised the Native Pohce Force for North- 
Eastern Rhodesia. In 1899 he went to North- 
western Rhodesia as Acting Administrator, 
and later raised a force of Native Police for North 
Western Rhodesia. Col. Harding was sent on 
special service to explore the boundaries of 
Lewanika's kingdom, and dxu-ing his expedition 
went to the source of the Zambesi River. In 
1902 he escorted Lewanika to England for the 
Coronation, returning in Aug. of the same 
year to act as Administrator of Barotseland 
dm-ing the absence of Mr. R. T. Coryndon. 
He married, June 28, 1899, Margaret, youngest 
dau. of Robert Porter, of Lyncombe, i5ath. 

(Edin.), L.S.A. (Lon. 1873), and L.S.A. Lon. 
(Triple Diploma 1889), of Havermere, Howick 
Falls, Natal ; of Burcote Vale, Bulwer, Natal, 
and of the Royal Colonial Institute, is the eldest 
son of Junius Hardwicke, M.D., F.R.C.S. 
Eng. (claiming descent from St. Joscelyn 
Havermere 'de Hardwicke, temp. Edward 
Confessor), and Ellen Jane his first wife, second 
dau. of Thos. Wright, J.P., of Mespil House, 
CO. Dublin. He was born 1847 at Rotherham, 
Yorks., and was educated at the Royal High 
Sch., Edin., King's Coll., Lend., and Charing 
Cross Hospital, London. Dr. Hardwicke was 
appointed in 1877 a Surgeon Superintendent 
in the Govt. Emigration Service of the 
Emigration Commissioners, and subsequently 
transferred to the Department of the Crown 
Agents for the Colonies in 1897 as a branch of 
the Colonial Office regime. He retained this 
position untU 1897, when the gloomy outlook of 
the service, dependent as it was upon the 
prosperity of the sugar industry in the West 
Indies, decided him to resign and seek more 
definitely settled employment in one of 
the newer Colonies. Natal was selected, 
and after a very considerable travelling record 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


and armed with credentials from the Brit- 
ish Colonial Office, and letters of introduction 
to some of the most influential citizens of the 
Colony, including the late Premier, Sir Henry 
Escombe, he was selected by the last named 
gentleman for the post of District Surgeon 
to the Division of Polela, at the extreme S.E. 
comer of the Colony. Here he remained until 
Jan. 1902, when he was offered and accepted 
a similar appointment in Lion's River, the Dis- 
trict Health Officership being conferred upon him 
at the same time. An ardent antiquarian and 
archaeologist Dr. Hardwicke has devoted much 
of his spare time to the study of genealogy and 
kindred pursuits, for which his grandfather, 
William Hardwicke, of Bridgnorth, Shropshire, 
was celebrated ; and he is a member of the Har- 
leian and Yorkshire Parish Register Societies. 
He is the possessor of what is probably the 
largest collection of Midland Cotmties Genea- 
logies in S.A. In 1888 he was elected a 
Resident Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, 
becoming a non-resident Fellow on his departure 
for Natal in 1897. He has also been a 
FeUow of the Imperial Institute from its opening. 
He is the author of the following pamphlets and 
books, " The Religion of Agnostic Philosophy," 
1892 ; " Epidemic Cerebro-Spinal Fever," 1891 ; 
" The Decalogue as a Code of Morality," 1890 ; 
" Annals of the Perton Family," 1896 ; 
" Bulwer and Consumptives," 1900, and also 
of numerous contributions to magazines and 
newspapers in England and the Colonies. Dr. 
Hardwicke has been twice married : first, to 
Margaret, third dau. of WilUam Calvert, of 
Braddup House, in Craven, Yorkshire, who was 
mother of his one son and five daus., and who 
died in 1889 ; and secondly to Louisa Annie, 3rd 
dau. of Benjamin Charles Branch, of Warwick 
Road, Kensington, formerly Asst. Librarian at 
the British Museum, by whom he has no issue. 

HARE, Capt. Robert William, D.S.O., 
Norfolk Regt., served with the Rhodesian 
Protectorate Reg., and on the Staff as D.A.A.C 
in the S.A. War; was appointed (1902) A.D.C. 
to the Lieut-Governor of the O.R.C. 

HARMAN, Frederick Edwin, of 54, West 
Cromwell Road, Kensington, S.W., and of 
the Whitehall Club, is the son of Edward 
Harman and his wife Caroline. He was bom 
at the Manor House, Maiden, Surrey, Jan. 3, 
1899, and educated at the Brighton Coll., 
the Royal Agricultural Coll., Cirencester, 
and at the Royal Sch. of Mines, London. 

From 1875-80 he managed the Govt. Ex- 
perimental Farm, Bangalore, and acted as 
Professor of Natural Science at the Sch. of 
Engineering and Natural Science. From 
1880-83 he managed coffee, tea, and cinchona 
and gold estates in the Wynaad, and acted as 
Hon. Magistrate for the Govt, of Madras. 
In 1884-5 he reported on the estate of the 
Santa Fe Land Co., Argentine Republic, for 
colonization purposes. From that time to the 
present he has been engaged in reporting on 
mining properties in various parts of the world, 
and acting as advisory director for sundry 
mining cos. He married, in 1880, Miss Hicks, 
sister of H. G. Hicks of Oudshoorn. 

HARRIS, 4th Bajbon, George Robert 
Canning, G.C.S.I, G.C.I.E., of Belmont, 
Faversham ; 6, Oxford Square, London, and of 
the Carlton and Cavalry Clubs, is the son of the 
third holder of the title, who was Governor of 
Trinidad and Madras, and played an important 
part in the Indian Mutiny. He was born at St. 
Ann's, Trinidad, March 2, 1851. He was 
educated at Eton and Oxford, where he gradu- 
ated B.A. Lord Harris after filling several 
important Ministerial positions, including 
Under Secy, of the India Office, 1885-86, and 
Under Secy, at the War Office, 1886-90, received 
the appointment of Governor of Bombay in 
1890, which office he retained until 1895. 
From that year he was Lord-in-Waitmg to Queen 
Victoria until 1900. In the City Lord Harris 
has made a name for himself in connection 
with the important mining corporations over 
which he presides, and he is rightly regarded 
as an authority on the various questions which 
perplex the majority of those interested in the 
industry of the Transvaal. Lord Harris is 
Chairman of the ConsoUdated Gold Fields of 
S.A., Chairman of the S.A. Gold Trust, 
Chairman of the Gold Coast Agency, and a 
member of the Board of the National Telephone 
Co. He is a cricketer of renown, and an all- 
round sportsman, having won the walking race, 
swimming, foils, and singlesticks at Eton, 
and was Capt. of the Kent Cricket Eleven, 1876- 
85, and Captain of the England Eleven v. 
AustraUa 1878-80-84. Lord Harris com- 
mands the Royal East Kent Yeomanry, and 
was Acting Adjt. - Gen. for the Imperial 
Yeomanry in England, 1900, and in S.A. 
1901. He is also Chairman of the East 
Kent Quarter Sessions. He married, July 8, 
1874, the Hon. Lucy Ada Jervis, dau. of the 
3rd Viscount St. Vincent. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

HARRIS, Chables Alexander, B.A., 
CM.G., of The Homestead, Cuddington, Surrey, 
was born at Wrexham, N. Wales, June 28, 
1855 ; is son of Rev. Geo. Poulett Harris, Vicar 
of Hawes, Yorks., and grandson of Capt. Poulett 
Harris, one of the greatest known linguists, and 
is a descendant, on the maternal side, of Van 
Stout, the last man to leave New York in the 
War of Independence, and who was afterwards 
Chief Magistrate of Nova Scotia. Mr. C. A. 
Harris received his education at Richmond Sch., 
Yorks. ; Christ's Coll., Camb. (1874-8), and at 
Lincoln's Inn. At college he was specially 
noticed for the Bell University Scholarship, and 
took a first class in the Classical Tripos, while at 
his Inn he took the Tancred Studentship. He 
entered the Colonial Office by open competition 
in 1879 ; was Secy, to the West India Royal 
Commission of 1 882-3, and was in the W. Indies 
from Dec. 1882 to May 1883, visiting nearly 
every island ; was Secy, to the Sugar Bounties' 
Conference in 1887-8 ; attached to the Attorney- 
Gen.'s staff in the Venezuela Boundary Arbi- 
tration in Paris in 1899, and has been on Service 
Missions to Madrid (1897 and 1902), Lisbon 
{1902), and elsewhere. 

After many years' service in the West India 
Dept. of the Col. Office, he was transferred to 
the North American and Australasian Depts. ; 
became head of the W. Africa Dept. in 1 898, and 
after a period of special work on the Brazilian 
Boundary Arbitration, was appointed head of 
the dept. which deals with the British Central 
Africa Protectorate, the B.S.A. Company's 
territories, etc. He has written a good deal on 
economics, and represents the Colonial Office 
on the Advisory Committee of the Board of 
Trade (Commercial Intelligence). 

At Cambridge Mr. Harris was Capt. of his 
college boat, and Pres. of the Athletic Club. 
He is still a good all-round athlete, runner, 
swimmer and cricketer, and is the father of the 
football international, S. S. Harris. He married, 
in 1879, Constance Maria, dau. of John Shute, 
of Glenavon House, Clifton, Glos. 

HARRIS, Col. David, M.L.A., C.M.G., of 

Kimberley, and of the Kiraberley and Civil 
Service (C.T.) Clubs, was born in London July 12, 
1852. He is son of Woolf and Phoebe Harris, 
and was educated at Coxford's Coll., London. 
He arrived in the C.C. in 1871, served 
in the Diamond Fields Horse through the Gaika- 
Galecka War, 1877-8 (mentioned in despatches, 
medal and clasp) ; took part in the Griqua War 
of 1878; commanded the Field Force in the 

Bechuanaland Rebellion in |1896, receiving the 
thanks of Govt., and the Colonial General Service 
medal and clasp. During the siege of Kimberley 
he commanded the Town Guard, 1899 (men- 
tioned in despatches, medal and clasp, and 
C.M.G.). Col. Harris has also received the 
Volunteer Decoration, and has won several 
medals, cups and team trophies for rifle shoot- 
ing. He entered the Cape Parliament as a 
Progressive in 1897 as member for Kimberley ; 
was last re-elected for Barkly West in Feb. 
1904 ; is a Director of De Beers Diamond 
Mines, and of several other mining cos. His 
recreations are hunting and shooting. He married, 
Nov. 12, 1873, Miss Rosa Gabriel, of Pomerania, 

HARRISON, C. W. Francis, of Natal, 
youngest son of David Harrison, of Nottingham, 
was born Dec. 7, 1874, at Grantham, Lines., 
and educated in that town. After serving 
in the G.N.R. Co.'s office he joined the Natal 
Railway service (Dec. 1898), becoming personal 
assist, to Sir David Hunter, and later, Acting 
Chief Clerk to the Gen. Manager. He was 
appointed Secy, to the Special Commission 
on Railways, 1902. Mr. Harrison directed 
the preparation of the art albums and souvenirs 
presented to the Royal visitors to Natal, 1901-2; 
was compiler of the "New Official Railway 
Guide and General Handbook to Natal" (1903), 
and Joint Compiler of the latest Bird's Eye 
Map of the War District in Natal. 

HART, Edward Aubrey, of Spencer House, 
Surbiton, and of the Constitutional Club, is 
the son of Thomas Gray Hart, artist ; was 
born March 12, 1842, at Southampton, and 
was educated at the Rev. Eldred Woodland's 
Sch. at Southampton. He joined the Union 
Steamship Co., Ltd., in Sept., 1857, when the 
first mail steamer sailed for Cape Town, and 
was appointed Secy, of the Co. on January 
1, 1870, and Manager and Secy, in 1893. 
This position he retained until the amalgama- 
tion of the Union with the Castle S.S. Co., in 
1900 ; and he retired from the Co. in 1903. 
During these thirty years he was frequently 
consulted by the various Govt. Depts., especially 
by the Transport Dept. of the Admiralty, for 
whom he arranged the conveyance of many 
thousands of troops in the late S.A. War. In 
1884 he was instrumental in providing Her 
Majesty's Govt, with two of the then 
fastest steamers, the Moor and Mexican, as 
armed cruisers. The former was the only 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


merchant ship at that time which flew the pen- 
nant ; she was commanded by Royal Naval 
officers ; carried a naval crew, and was armed 
with heavy guns.. It was likewise his good 
fortune to be called upon to make all arrange- 
ments for the journey to Africa of the ill-fated 
Prince Imperial, at the time of the Zulu War, 
and when the body of the dead Prince was 
interred at Chiselhurst, Mr. Hart was one of 
the very few Englishmen, outside the Royal 
family, who were invited into the Chapel. 
Subsequently JNIr. Hart was requested to carry 
through all the arrangements for the journey 
out and home to Natal of the Empress Eugenie, 
and on her return to England he was specially 
introduced to and thanked by Her Majesty. 
Mr. Hart married, Oct. 1868, Harriette Steele, 
dau. of John Dotterill, of Gosport. 

HARTLEY, Col. Edmund Babon, V.C, 
C.M.G., Hon. Assoc. Order of St. John of Jeru- 
salem, M.R.C.S. Eng., L.R.C.P. Edin., of 
Rondebosch, C.T, and of the Civil Service 
Club, C.T., was bom May 6, 1847 ; is 
son of the late Dr. Edmund Hartley, of S. 
Devon, and was educated privately at Ply- 
mouth. He joined the C.M.R. Nov. 4, 1877 ; 
served through the Galeka, Gaika and Marotsi ; 
rebellions, 1877-8-9 (medal) ; Basuto and Tem- 
buland, 1880-1 ; Langberg, 1897 (medal and 
three clasps) ; and the S.A. War (Queen's medal, 
three clasps, and King's medal, two clasps). Col. 
Hartley commands the Cape Med. Corps, 
and is P.M.O. of the C.C. Forces. He married 
Ellen, 2nd dau. of J. Rose-Innes, C.M.G., late 
Under-Secy. for Native Affairs. 

HEANY, Maurice, of Bulawayo, Rhodesia, 
was born in America, and has been pioneering 
in Africa for a number of years. He took part 
in the Mashonaland Pioneer Expedition, and 
in the expedition for the occupation of Matabele- 
land. He is associated as managing director 
with a number of mining cos. — those composing 
the Matabele Gold Reefs Group. 

HEATH, James, M.P., of Ashorne Hill, 
Leamington ; 54, Cadogan Square, London ; 
and of the Carlton, Junior Carlton, Cavalry, 
St. Stephen's, and Atlantic Clubs, was born at 
Kidsgrove, Staffs., Jan. 1852. He is third son 
of Robert Heath, of Biddulph Grange, Congle- 
ton ; and was educated at Clifton Coll. He 
has sat in the House of Commons for N.W. 
Staffordshire since 1892 ; was Col. of the 
Staffordshire Yeomanry from 1897 to 1902; 

and is a director of Robert Heath & Sons, 
the Birchenwood ColUery Co., and the South 
Rand Exploration Co. He married Euphemia 
C^lena, dau. of P. G. van der Byl, of Cape Town, 
in 1881. 

HELLIER, J., M.L.A., sits as Member for 
East London in the Cape Parliament, having 
been elected in the Progressive interest in Feb. 

Francis, G.C.M.G. (See "Addenda"). 

HENNIKER-MAJOR, Col. Hon. Arthur 
Henry, C.B., of 13, Stratford Place, W., and the 
Guards', Travellers', Carlton and Turf Clubs, 
was born in London, Apr. 3, 1855 ; is the third 
son of the 4th Lord Henniker ; was educated 
at Eton and Camb. (B.A.) ; entered the Cold- 
stream Guards in 1875, the 2nd Batt. of which 
he has commanded since Nov. 29, 1902. He 
served in Egypt in 1882 (medal and bronze 
star), and in the S.A. War 1899-1902, with 
brevet rank of Col. (Queen's medal and six clasps, 
and King's medal and two clasps). He married 
the second dau. of Lord Houghton. 

HENSHALL, Thomas, of Port Elizabeth, 
and the St. George's Club (P.E.), was bom at 
Adswood, Cheshire, Mch. 28, 1867 ; was edu- 
cated at the National School, Stockport, Ches- 
hire, and entered the British and Irish Magnetic 
Telegraph Co.'s service in 1868. He trans- 
ferred to the Imperial Post Office two years 
later, and was for two or three years an instruc- 
tor in telegraphy, opening up offices in Cheshire, 
Derbyshire and Staffordshire. After serving 
in several important centres, he was transferred 
to the Cape Telegraphs in 1881. He has since 
held appointments in Famresmith, Queens- 
town, Kokstad, Grahamstown, and Port Eliza- 
beth, to which he was appointed Postmaster 
in July, 1898. 

HERHOLDT, Hon. Albertus Johannes, 
M.L.C., J.P. ; was born in the Murraysburg 
Dist., C.C, in 1846 ; was educated at Murraysburg, 
where he was for many years a member of the 
Divisional and Municipal Councils and a member 
of the Licensing Court. He has been a member 
of the Cape Legislative Council for the Midland 
Province since 1889, and sits as an independent 

HESS, Henry, of Tugvor House, Kew 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Gardens, Stirrey, and Beach Haven, St. Mar- 
garet's Bay, Dover, Kent, was bom July 19, 
1864, at Homburg ; is the youngest son of the 
late Joseph Chas. Hess and Lina Hess {nie 
Schottenfels) ; was educated at Frankfort o/M. 
He was admitted solicitor and Notary Public 
of the Cape of Good Hope, 1885. He is ed. of 
the " Critic " (London, Johannesburg and 
Pretoria), and of the " Critic Black Book," and 
has pubHshed songs and dance music. He 
married, Nov. 6, 1895, Miss Maude Marion 

HEWAT, Dr. John, M.L.A., represents 
Woodstock in the Cape House of Assembly. 
He is a Progressive, and was returned to the 
House in Feb. 1904. 

HIGGS, Henry, LL.B., of H.M. Treasury, 
London, and the Savile Club, was born in 1864. 
He was appointed Special Commissioner to 
Natal 1902-3, to report upon the pay, organi- 
zation and working of the Natal Civil Service. 
His report strongly condemned nearly every 
section of the administration. 

HILDYARD, Major-Gen. Sir Henry John 
Thoroton, K.C.B. (1900), Order of the Osman- 
ieh, of the United Service Club, was bom July 
5, 1846. He was educated at the Royal Naval 
Acad., Gosport, and served in the Navy for 
five years before entering the Army in 1867. 
He was Brig.-Maj. at Cyprus, Aug.-Nov. 1878 ; 
Brig.-Maj. at Gibraltar from that date till Aug. 
1882 ; and served in the Egyptian Expeditionary 
Force in 1882 as D.A.A. and Q.M.G. of the 1st 
Division, being present in the engagements at 
El Magfar and Tel-el-Mahuta, at the action at 
Kassassin, and at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir 
(mentioned in despatches, brevet of Lieut.- 
Col., medal with clasp, 4th Class of the 
Osmanieh, and Khedive's star). After again 
occupying his Staff appointment at Gibraltar, 
Sir Henry became D.A.A.G. on the H.-Q. Staff, 
Dec. 1883 to Mch. 1889; A.A.G., Aldershot, 
Oct. 1889 to Mch. 1891 ; A.A.G. at Army 
Headquarters, Apr. 1891 to Aug. 1893 ; Comdt. 
Staff Coll. till Feb. 1898 ; Maj.-Gen. Command- 
ing Infantry Brig., Aldershot, until Oct. 8, 
1899, when he took command in S.A. first of an 
Infantry Brigade, afterwards commanding an 
Infantry Div. with local rank of Lieut. -Gen., 
and from Oct. 19, 1900, to Oct. 24, 1901, he had 
the command of the Natal district. Gen. Hildyard 
took part in the relief of Ladysmith, including 
the action at Colenso ; the operations of Jan. 

17 to 24, 1900, and the action at Spion Kop ; of 
Feb. 5 to 7, 1900, and the action at Vaal Kranz ; 
on Tugela Heights, Feb. 14 to 27, and the action 
at Pieters Hill; and in Natal, March to Jxme, 
1900, and the action at Laing's Nek (four times 
mentioned in despatches, K.C.B. , medal with five 
clasps). On Oct. 25, 1901, Sir Henry Hildyard 
was appointed temporarily to the command of the 
First Army Corps ; Director of Military Education 
and Training at Army Headquarters, Jan. 15, 
1903 ; and in Feb. 1904, he was appointed to the 
command of the forces in S.A. in succession to 
Sir Neville Lyttelton. Ho married, in 1871, 
Annette, dau. of the late Admiral J. C. Prevosfc. 

HILL, Clem, of Johannesburg, was bom in 
AustraUa, where he was an engineer on the 
South Australian Railways. He was the cham- 
pion left-handed bat of AustraUa, and visited 
England with the Australian cricket team in 
1902, with the reputation of being the best bat 
in the eleven. He went to S.A. with the 
Australian team later in 1902, scoring 76 and 
142 against All South Africa at Johannesburg. 
Mr. Hill remained in that town as a stockbroker. 

HILL, William Henry, B.A., of Cairo, and 
the Turf Club, Cairo ; was born at Swindon, 
Wilts, where his father, Henry Hill, resided j 
and was educated at King's Sch., Worcester, 
and Lincoln Coll., Oxon. (Exhibitioner). For- 
merly an Asst. Master in the Khedivial Sch., 
Cairo, under the Ministry of Public Instruction 3 
he is now Law Lecturer at the Khedivial Sch. 
of Law, Cairo. Mr. Hill is Licencie en Droit, 
Paris. He married, in 1902, Mary Agnes, only 
dau. of Rev. F. W. Quilter, D.D. 

HILLIER, Dr. Alfred Peter, of 30, Wim- 
pole Street, London, W., and of the Arts Club 
and Royal Institution of Great Britain, also 
Member of the Covmcil of the Royal Colonial 
Institute, is the son of the late P. Playne Hillier 
of Shortwood, Glos., where he was born in 1858. 
He was educated at King William's Coll., Isl© 
of Man, and Edinburgh Univ. Dr.| Hillier 
first went to S.A. as a boy, Tand was ostrich 
farming in 1875. He took his B.A. degree 
at the Cape Univ. in 1878, and served^_^in that 
year in the Gaika-Galeka War (medal and clasp). 
After the war he went to Edinburgh Univ., taking 
his M.B. and CM. in 1882 and his M.D. in 1884. 
After practising for|a couple of years in East 
London, C.C., he proceeded to Kimberley as 
Resident Surgeon^' to 'the hospital there, and 
afterwards entered into'medical partnership with 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Dr. L. S. Jameson. He was Pres. of the S.A. 
Medical Congress in 1892. In 1893 Dr. Hillier 
went up to Johannesburg, and found time to 
take an active part in the politics of the Trana- 
raal, being a prominent member of the Reform 
CJonimittee, for which he was lodged in Pretoria 
gaol, until in May, 1896, he was liberated on 
payment of the £2,000 fine. In 1897 he returned 
to England. Dr. HiUier is Secy, to the National 
Association (of Great Britain) for the Preven- 
tion of Consumption, and Consulting Physician 
to the London Open Air Sanatorirun, and was 
nominated by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales in 
1899 as one of its representatives at the Tuber- 
culosis Congress in Berlin. He was successful 
in inducing the National Conference of British 
Friendly Societies to send an important deputa- 
tion (which he himself accompanied) to Ger- 
many to inspect sanatoria and other institu- 
tions established and controlled by the German 
State Workmen's Insurance Dept., and was 
received by the Empress of Germany as an 
EngUsh delegate to the International Tubercu- 
losis Conference. He is also a member of the 
Council of the International Bureau for the 
Prevention of Tuberculosis, which has its head- 
quarters at Berlin, and Vice-Cliairman of the 
Allied Colonial Universities Conference (1903). 

Dr. Hillier is the author of " South African 
Studies," and of the historical articles on South 
Africa, Transvaal, Orange River Colony, Cape 
Colony, and others in the " Encyclopaedia Bri- 
tannica " (new volumes, recently published by 
" The Times"), and has contributed largely to 
our knowledge of S.A. by lectures and articles 
in newspapers and reviews. At the General 
Election in 1900 he unsuccessfully stood as 
Unionist candidate for Stockport, but in 
Mch. 1904, he was adopted as Unionist candi- 
date for South Beds. He is on the London 
Committees of the Robinson, Crown Reef, and 
several other well-known Rand Cos. When in 
Johannesbiu-g he was a frequent player in the 
Rand Polo Club team, of which he was Vice- 
Capt. His recreations are now shooting and 
golf. Dr. Hillier was married in 1885 to Ethel, 
dau. of F. B. Brown, of Queenstown, C.C. 

HINDE, Sidney Langfoed, was educated 
in France, Germany, at Clare Coll. Camb., and 
at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. He 
was Resident Medical Officer at the North 
Stafford Hospital and the Temperance Hospital, 
London, 1889-90 ; entered the Congo Free 
State service, taking part in the Arab campaign, 
1892-4 (medal and star) ; he explored Upper 

Maluga, Lukviga, etc., in 1894. He was ap- 
pointed Med. Officer, East Africa Protecto- 
rate in Sept. 1895 ; took part in the Mabanik 
Rebellion (medal) ; and was appointed H.M. 
Sub-Commissioner, Kenya Province, Apr. 1, 

HINDLIP, Baron, Charles Alsopp, of 
HindHp Hall, Worcester ; of Alsop-le-Dale, 
Derbyshire ; and of the Turf and Bachelors' 
Clubs, is the son of the 2nd Baron Hindlip. 
He was born Sept. 22, 1877 ; was educated at 
Eton and Trinitv Coll., Cambridge, and obtained 
his B.A. in 1898. Baron Hindlip was A.D.C. 
to the late Governor of Victoria, Baron Brassey, 
K.C.B. He was Capt. in the 5th Worcester 
Regt., and served in the 8th Hussars in 
S.A. 1900-1. He has travelled extensively, 
principally in Abyssinia, in 1902, and British 
East Africa in 1903, his expeditions being 
mainly for the pin-pose of sport. He married, 
Apr. 19, 1904, Agatha Lilian, second dau. of Mr 
and Mrs. John Thynne. 

HIRSCHLER, Isidore Henry, of Bula- 
wayo, Rhodesia, and of the Badminton Club, 
was born at Vienna Nov. 15, 1855, and was 
educated in that city. He went to S.A. in 
the eighties for the purpose of representing 
English and French capital invested in the 
Rand. In 1893 he went to Rhodesia, and was 
elected the first Mayor of Bulawayo in 1897. 
He is Managing Director of Rhodesia Limited, 
and other Rhodesian companies. He went 
through the Matabele RebelHon in 1896, and 
held the rank of Capt. in the Rhodesian 
Horse. He married. May 8, 1900, Miss Jeanne 
Goldstuecker, of Frankfort o /M. 

HOFFMAN, Ds. Jonas Matthias, M.L.A., 
of C.C, is Member for the Paarl, and one of 
the leaders of the Bond. He was with the Boer 
forces in the S.A. War (1899-1902), and he openly 
referred to the British forces in the Capo House 
of Assembly as the enemy. He was last returned 
to the House in Feb. 1904. 

HOFMEYR, Jan Hendrik. of Welgemeend 
Estate, 9, Camp Street, Cape Town, and of the 
City Club, Cape Town, was born in the capital 
of the Colony, July 4, 1845, his father, Jan 
Hendrik Hofmeyr, of Cape Town, ha\'ing been 
the descendant of an ancestor of exactly the 
same name, who loft Eppenburen to settle 
in the C.C. in the eighteenth century. The 
subject of our sketch was educated at the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

S.A. Coll., and began his caxeer as a journalist 
on the staif of the " Volksvriend," of which he 
afterwards became proprietor. In 1871 he 
purchased the " Zuid Afrikaan," amalgamated 
the two papers, and thus became the con- 
troller of a very powerful press organ. Seven 
years later he founded the Boer en Vereeniging 
Farmers' Association, starting with purely 
local aims, mainly to combat the Excise, but 
eventually, in 1883, after many years of rivalry, 
this association joined forces with the Afri- 
kander Bond, which at first had been hostile to 
British rule. But Mr. Hofmeyr rapidly became 
the virtual controller of the Bond, and from 
that time it was not at any rate officially dis- 
loyal, though he has been suspected of a 
desire to constitute S.A. an independent 
Republic. Mr. Hofmeyr entered the Cape 
Legislative Assembly as member for SteUen- 
bosch in 1879. He was for a short time a 
member of Sir Thomas Scanlen's Ministry with- 
out portfoho. He was offered the premiership 
in 1884, but declined. In 1 887 he was one of the 
Cape delegates to the first Colonial Conference in 
London, and again at Ottawa in 1894. He 
was a member of the Customs Union Conferences 
at Cape Town in 1888, and at Bloemfontein in 
the following year. In 1890 he acted as H.M. 
Special Agent to Pretoria, to induce the Trans- 
vaal Govt, to sign the Swaziland Convention, 
his success in the matter at the time having 
been thought to have averted war. Though 
he had retired from active poUtical life in 1894, 
he, at the time of the Raid, exercised consider- 
able influence over Lord Rosmead, at that 
time High Commissioner. He also endeavoxired 
to act as arbiter during the crisis preceding the 
late war, and while retaining the nominal 
leadership of the Dutch Afrikander party, who 
are devoted to him and believe and trust him 
implicitly, he was at one time the hope of the 
Moderates and persona grata with the Colonial 
Office. He is Chairman of the Afrikander 
Bond Committee on Elections. Mr. Hofmeyr 
married, Sept. 1, 1900, Johanna Hendriksz, 
of Somerset West. 

HOLLAND, Frederick Catesby, of Palace 
Chambers, Westminster ; Watchers, Hasle- 
mere ; and of the St. Stephen's and South 
African Clubs ; is third soia of Rev. C. Holland, 
Prebendary of Chichester, and for 35 years 
Rector of Petworth. He was educated at 
Haileybury ; has travelled in S.A., and on 
one occasion in Rhodesia shot a wounded 
lion which had already charged and linocked 

over Cecil Bisset. He was a Director of the 
St. Helen's Development Synd., Ltd., and is 
now associated with a few Transvaal Cos. 
He married, in 1881, Frances, dau. of Ed. 
Livesey, M.D. 

HOLLIS, Alfred Claud, F.R.C.I., of Mom- 
basa, E. Africa, was educated at Highgate, St. 
Leonards, Switzerland, and Germany. He 
was appointed Asst. Collector, East African, 
Protectorate, in March, 1897 ; became Col- 
lector in June, 1900 ; Acting British Vice- 
Consul for German East Africa from Apr. 1900, 
to Feb. 1901 ; and Secy, to the Administration, 
East African Protectorate, in Apr. 1902. 

HOPCRAFT, J. D., spent five months in the 
Civil Supply Office at Kimberley, whence he 
was transferred to Johannesburg. In 1902 he 
was appointed Chief Director of Supplies for 
the O.R.C. 

HOSKEN, William, M.L.C, of " Entabene," 
Berea, Johannesburg, and of the National 
Liberal and Rand Clubs, was born at Hayle, 
Cornwall, July 6, 1851, and is the son of Richard 
and Caroline Hosken. He was educated at 
Hayle, and had his commercial training with 
Wm. Hosken & Son, a well known firm in 
Cornwall, now merged in Hosken, Trevi- 
thick & Polkinghorn, Ltd. He went to 
S.A. early in 1874. ; became a digger at 
Pilgrim's Rest ; subsequently went to Natal, 
and was engaged in merchant business there 
until 1889 ; then went to Johannesbm-g as 
Managing Director of the City and Suburban, 
Heriot, Nigel, and other Natal-directed mines ; 
became Foundation Executive Committee 
Member of the Chamber of Mines ; established 
the merchant business of Wm. Hosken & Co., 
and joined the Chamber of Commerce, having 
been six times elected Pres. of that Chamber ; 
is Lloyds' Agent for Johannesburg and Chair- 
man of the Committee of Management of the 
British S.A. Explosives Co., Ltd. He has for 
years taken a large interest in politics. He 
assisted in establishing the National Union in 
1892, and was elected to the Executive Com- 
mittee ; was Member of the Reform Com- 
mittee in 1896, and sentenced to two years' 
imprisonment and fined as in the case of the 
other prisoners. He was Chairman of the 
mass meetings and political demonstrations in 
1899, and was vmanimously elected Pres. of 
the Uitlander Coimcil formed that year. He 
was also Chairman of Committee which in 1899 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


raised Thorneycroft's and Bethune's Mounted 
Infantry, and subsequently raised the Imperial 
Light Infantry. All these corps were raised 
without expense to the Govt. He has served 
on various Govt. Commissions during and 
since the war ; was a non-official delegate 
at the Bloemfontein Customs Union Conference 
in March, 1903, and became a Member of the 
Legislative Council which commenced its sit- 
tings at Pretoria in May, 1903. Mr. Hosken 
had the locally luienviable distinction of being 
the only non-official member of the Council in 
favour of granting the municipal franchise to 
coloured persons. He married, Oct. 16, 1877, 
Miss Clara James, of Maritzburg. 

HOWARD, John William, F.R.C.I., of 
Bulawayo, and of the Bulawayo Club, was 
bom at Eaton Socon in 1867, and educated 
privately and at the Royal Univ., Ireland. 
He went to S.A. for the Argus Co. in 1889, 
as editor of the weekly edition of the " Cape 
Argus." Early in 1893 he travelled to Fort 
Salisbury, Mashonaland, and took the first 
printing plant into Rhodesia. In 1894 he 
went to Bulawayo, and founded the " Bula- 
wayo Chronicle," and has since resided at Bula- 
wa5-o. During the Matabele rising (1896) he 
acted as Correspondent for Renter's Agencj, 
" Pall Mall Gazette," and Dalziel's Agency. 
At the present time he represents Renter's at 
Bulawayo. He holds the medal as war corre- 
spondent for the Matabele War (1896). At- 
tached to the Bulawayo Field Force he did good 
service carrying despatches. He is one of the 
founders of the first Masonic lodges in Mashona- 
land and in Matabeleland. He has been 
married twice : first, in 1895, to Evelyn Lydia, 
only dau. of the late Mr. Glendinnen, of Staf- 
ford, England ; and second, to Agnes, eldest 
dau. of the late Geo. Pike Hannaford, of 
Newton Abbot, Devon. 

HULETT, Hon. Sir James Leigh, Knt., 
M.L.A., of Pietermaritzburg, Natal, is head of 
the firm of J. L. Hulett, Ltd., tea planters and 
owners of the Kearsney estate. He was elected 
in 1883 as Member of the Natal Executive 
Council ; has acted as R.M. and Administrator 
of Native Law on several occasions ; is senior 
Member for Victoria Countj' in the Natal Legis- 
lative Assembly, of which he was Speaker until 
in Nov. 1902, he resigned in order to take up 
the leadership of the opposition in the place of 
Mr. J. G. Mayden. He was knighted on the 
occasion of the King's Coronation. 

HULL, Henry Charles, M.L.C, was born 
at Caledon, C. C, on Nov. 21, I860. He 
went to Kimberley in 1879 ; was in the 
Civil Service for a short period, and then be- 
came admitted and practised there as a solicitor, 
until 1889, when he removed to Johannesburg. 
He was one of the members of the Reform Com- 
mittee, and with his comrades was sentenced 
to two years' imprisonment, to pay a fine of 
£2,000, and in default of payment to a further 
year's imprisonment, and to banishment for 
three years. After undergoing imprisonment 
for a short period, the sentence was commuted 
to the payment of the fine. He assisted Lord 
Milner at the Bloemfontein Conference, and 
shortly before the war took a prominent part 
in the Franchise agitation in Johannesbiu-g. 
During the war he assisted in recruiting the 
S.A. Light Horse, Marshall's Horse, and 
the Eastern Province Horse, and took part 
in the column which under Gen. Brabant re- 
lieved Wepener. He was appointed one of the 
unofficial members of the Legislative Council 
of the Transvaal in May, 1903, and was one of 
the small minority of four who opposed Sir Geo. 
Farrar (q.v.) in his motion in the Council to 
import Chinese or other alien labour. 

HULLEY, Thomas Benjamin, J.P., of 
Umtali, Rhodesia, and of the Umtali and Salis- 
bury Sporting Clubs, is the son of Edward and 
Mary Hulley, and grandson of Richard HuUey, 
one of the British settlers of 1820. He was 
born May 15, 1860, at Somerset East, C.C., 
and was educated at Grey Coll., Bloem- 
fontein, holding the Free State Bursary for two 
years. In 1881 he served wath the Cradock 
Volunteer Rifles, and during this period he saw 
active service in Basutoland, receiving medal 
and clasp. Diu'ing a portion of this time 
he was ostrich farming in C.C. In 1883 he 
commenced trading in East Griqualand, and 
continued until 1886, when he left for the 
Barberton Gold Fields, and he remained with 
the Sheba Gold Mining Co. till 1895. In April 
of that year he joined the B.S.A. Co. as Native 
Commissioner, and has held this office at Mazoe, 
Lomogonde, Melsetter, again at Umtali, 
Inyanga, and once more at Umtali. From 
Nov. 1902 to Fob. 1903 he acted as Chief Native 
Commissioner for Mashonaland, and has on 
several occasions acted as Magistrate for the 
Umtali District. He was appointed Asst. 
Magistrate for Umtali and J.P. for Southern 
Rhodesia in 1900. Mr. Hulley saw active 
service again as Capt, of the Umtali Volun- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

teers in the Mashonaland Rebellion in 1896. 
He represented the district of Umtali at the 
funeral of the late Hon. Cecil Rhodes in the 
Matoppos. He was detailed for duty with 
the Anglo -Portuguese Boundary C!ommission in 
1896, and on war breaking out in the Transvaal 
be volunteered for service. He married, Oct. 
13, 1897, Georgina, third dau. of Edward 

HUNTER, Chables Hastings, I.S.O., of 
Hoknhurst, Reigate, Surrey, and of the Sports 
and Imperial Colonies Clubs, is the son of Col. 
Charles Hunter, Royal (Bengal) Artillery. He 
was born at Allahabad, India, Sept. 7, 1864, 
and joined the Colonial Civil Service in Nov. 
1883 ; served in variovis capacities in St. Lucia 
and Grenada, West Indies, from that time until 
Oct. 1891 ; in that year he was transferred to 
the Gold Coast Service. In Nov. 1896 he was 
appointed Asst. -Colonial Secy, of Sierra Leone 
and a J.P. for that Colony. In 1897 he was 
re-transferred on promotion in a similar capa- 
city to the Gold Coast, where he held numeroxis 
appointments, including those of Colonial Secy. 
and Deputy-Governor, and member of the 
Executive and Legislative Councils of the 
Colony. For his services in connection with 
the Ashanti Expedition of 1900 he was men- 
tioned in despatches, and appointed a Com- 
panion of the I.S.O. (May, 1903). He was 
appointed Chief Asst. Colonial Secy, for the 
Gold Coast Colony, Oct. 1901. 

HUNTER, Sir David, K.C.M.G. (1901), 
C.M.G. (1898), of Cohnton, Durban, Natal, 
and of the Dm*ban Club, is the son of David 
Hunter, of Bronburn, Linhthgowshire, Scot- 
land. He was born Jan. 24, 1841, at Bronbiu-n, 
and was educated at the Parish and Free Church 
Schs., Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire. He entered 
the service of North British Railway Co., 
Edinburgh, as an apprentice in the Accountants' 
Dept., 1853, and served successively in 
the Stores, General Superintendent's, and Gene- 
ral Manager's Depts. till 1879, when he 
was appointed by the Secy, of State for the 
Colonies to the office of General Manager of 
Natal Govt. Railways at their inception. 
In 1881 and 1882 his services to the military 
authorities during the Boer War were noticed 
in despatches by Gen. Sir Evelyn Wood, and 
he received the thanks of the Secy, of State. 
In the same year he was appointed by the 
Governor a Commissioner of the Natal Harbour 
Board. In 1883 he was elected first President of 

the Natal Caledonian Society. In 1890 he was 
created a Member of the Executive Council of 
the Colony under Royal Sign-Manual, and was 
a member of the Harrismith Railway Con- 
ference. In 1892-3-4 he was a Delegate 
of the Natal Govt, to the Govt, of the 
(late) S.A.R. on Railway Extension to 
Johannesburg, which ultimately was ar- 
ranged under agreement, the construction of 
the line being carried out by Natal in 1894—5, 
he representing the Govt, as contractor. He 
represented Natal in various conferences on 
Railway and Harbour questions at Cape Town, 
Pretoria, East London, Joharuiesburg, and 
Bloemfontein. He originated, and was the 
first Chairman of the S. A. Railway 
Officers' Conference, Pietermaritzburg, 1897. 
Elected Chairman of Port Advisory Board, 
1898, and was a Member of Coal Industry Com- 
mission, appointed by Govt, in same year. He 
was first Pres. of Durban Church Council, 1899 ; 
was elected Chairman of Colonial Reception 
Committee in connection with Royal Visit to 
Natal, 1901. Sir David's services during the 
Boer War were mentioned in the despatches 
by Genls, Sir George White, Sir Red- 
vers Buller, Field - Marshal Lord Roberts, 
and Lord Kitchener. He was Chairman 
of the S. A. Congregational Union in 1903. 
He married, Oct. 5, 1865, Margaret Gordon 
Laing, second dau. of Robert Laing, of Mossy 
Mill, Colington, near Edinbiu-gh. 

HUTCHINSON, Capt. Elliot St. Maurice, 
M.L.C., of Biilawayo ; the Redwoods, Johan- 
nesbm-g (P.O. Box, 6434) ; and the Bulawayo, 
Rhodesia, and Junior Constitutional Clubs; 
son of Bury Victor Hutchinson, Solicitor ; 
was born in England ; educated at King's Coll. 
Sch., London, and spent the early part of his 
life in the redwoods of California and on the 
plains as a cowboy. Returning to England 
he became a solicitor and member of the firm 
of Hutchinson & Sons, Lincoln's Inn Fields. 
He went to S.A. in 1896 during the Mata- 
bele rebellion, and was admitted as a sohcitor 
in Rhodesia, where he practised vmtil the war, 
when he joined the Rhodesian Frontier Force, 
serving as Lieut, in the Rhodesian Volunteers. 
He was severely wounded at the commence- 
ment at TuU ; was sent home as one of the 
delegates to interview Mr. Chamberlain, on 
behalf of the S.A. Vigilance Assoc, in connection 
with the peace terms. On retviring to S.A. 
he took commmand of " G " sqviad of 2nd 
Kitchener's Fighting Scouts, and saw much 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


fighting with Col. Wilson's column in the 
N. Transvaal and O.R.C., being mentioned in 
despatches by Lord Kitchener for conspicuous 
gallantry at Blauwkrantz, O.R.C. He was on 
the StaS and Special IntelUgence at Pretoria 
at the close of the war, when he resumed his 
practice as a solicitor in the firm of Hutchinson, 
Sons & Russell, of Johannesburg and London. 
Capt. Hutchinson is the author of " Two Years 
a Cowboy," which is an account of his early life. 
He is unmarried. 

INGRAM, Albert Wells, of Amberley, 
Reigate, Surrey, was educated at Uppingham 
School and abroad. Amongst S.A. agri- 
culturists and merchants Mr. Ingram is well 
known, and to the Cape alone his firm, the 
Surrey Seed Co., of which he is Managing 
Director, has shipped enormous amounts of 
seed of all descriptions. He has made a close 
study of agriculture in various countries, 
inquiring into the different local methods of 
cultivation and as to the laws and regulations 
in force with regard to land cultivation. In 
1889 he visited Russia to inquire into the 
failure of the crops. He was for some years a 
member of the Council of the now defunct 
British Frioit Growers' Association, and is a 
member of the newly formed Agricultural 
Organization Society and of other societies 
formed for the advancement of agriculture. 
He is devoted to shooting and all sorts of sport, 
and in 1898 embarked on a sporting expedition 
through Finland and Lapland. He speaks 
German and Scandinavian fluently. 

INNES, Sir James Rose, K.C.M.G., B.A., 
LL.B., of Park Street, Pretoria; and of the 
Reform (London), Civil Service and City (C.T.), 
the Pretoria and Athenseum (Johannesburg) 
Clubs, was born in Grahamstown, Jan. 8, 1855. 
He is son of James Rose Innes, C.M.G., late 
Under Secy, for Native Affairs for the C.C, 
and a nephew by marriage of Sir Gordon 
Sprigg. He was educated at Bedford and at 
the Gill Coll., Somerset East, and graduated 
B.A. and LL.B. at the Cape University. Sir 
James was admitted an advocate of the Supreme 
Court, Cape Town, in 1878. He satin the Cape 
House of Assembly from 1884 as member for 
Victoria East, and at the General Election in 
1888 was elected for the Cape Di\dsion, being 
re-elected in 1894, and retaining his seat until 
1902. He was made Q.C. in 1889 ; was At- 
torney-Gen. in the first Rhodes Ministry, 
which he resigned in 1893. He was retained 

by the Imperial Govt, on behalf of the British, 
American and Belgian Reform prisoners, tried 
for high treason against the S.A.R., but owing 
to a slight technical objection, he was not per- 
mitted to address the Coxu"t. He was allowed, 
however, to sit at counsels' table and to advise 
the barristers defending the prisoners. After 
the latter were imprisoned Mr. Innes (as he 
then was) remained in Pretoria with Mr. (now 
Sir Richard) Solomon, endeavouring to obtain 
some amelioration of their conditions and 
mitigation of their sentences. He was Attorney- 
Gen, in the Sprigg Ministry, June 1900, re- 
signing Feb. 1902, and in the following month 
he was appointed Chief Justice of the Trans- 
vaal Colony imder the British Administration, 
winning the confidence of British and Afri- 
kander alike. He married, Oct. 18, 1881, 
Jessie, youngest dau. of the late William Dods 
Pringle, of Lynedoch, Glen Lynden, Bedford 
District, C.C. 

INNES, Robert Thobburn Ayton, of the 
Observatory, Johannesburg, was born in Edin- 
burgh Nov. 10, 1861. He was formerly Secy, 
of the Royal Observatory of the Cape of Good 
Hope, and is now Director of the Transvaal 
Meteorological Dept. He is the author of 
" Southern Double Stars " and other scientific 

INSKIPP, Frank W., of Rhodesia, was 
selected at the latter end of 1903 for the office 
of Secy, to the Dept. of Lands for S. Rhodesia. 

IRVINE, James, of Devonshire Road, 
Claughton, Birkenhead, and of the Reform 
Club (Liverpool), National Liberal Club (Lon- 
don), and City Liberal Club (London), is the 
son of Simon Irvine and Christina Common, 
late of Jedburgh, Roxburghshire. He was 
born Feb. 16, 1835, at Langholm, Dumfries- 
shire. He was educated at the Nest Acad., 
Jedburgh, and received his business education 
in Glasgow. Early in 1858 he went to the 
West Coast of Africa as a merchant. After 
residing there until Dec. 1862, he returned to 
Liverpool from which city he has conducted 
business with West Africa until the present 
time. On his varioiLS visits to the Gold Coast 
he was struck with the prospects of gold mining, 
and early in 1878 he began the first systematic 
development of that industry, which resulted 
in the formation of the Effuenta and of the 
Abbontiakoon Gold Mining Cos. These enter- 
prises were not then successful owing to in- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

herent difficulties, but Mr. Irvine never lost 
faith in the conviction that West Africa would 
repay all outlay honestly and judiciously made. 
He is at the present time interested in many of 
the successful cos., and is chairman of four. In 
1882 he was instriimental in bringing about the 
first systematic survey of the railway from the 
coast to the Tarkwa mines. He has contri- 
buted several papers on W. African subjects 
to the ciurent literature of the day, which have 
been read with considerable interest. He is 
a F.R.G.S., Vice-Chairman of the Liverpool 
Geographical Society, MedalUst of the Society 
of Arts, and Knight Commander of the Order 
of African Redemption, Liberia. He married : 
first, Elizabeth, second dau. of the late John 
Hickson, of Liverpool, on June 14, 1864, who 
died April 5, 1880, leaving three sons and two 
daughters. He subsequently married, on Oct. 
14, 1884, Catherine Emma Strong, youngest 
dau. of the late Rev. Leonard Strong, of Tor- 
quay, and grand-dau. of the late Sir Robert 
Dundas, Bart., of Beechwood, Edin., and of 
Dunira, Perthshire, by whom he has two sons. 

JACKSON, LiEUT.-CoL. H. M., R.E., 
M.L.C., of Pretoria, has been, since March 1903, 
Surveyor-Gen. of the Transvaal, a branch of 
the Lands Dept. established in 1902, which is at 
at present mainly engaged in carrying out 
cadastral surveys. 

JACKSON, Frederick John, C.M.G. (1902), 
C.B. (1899), was educated at Shrewsbiu'y Sch. 
and Jesus Coll., Camb. He was 1st Class Asst., 
Uganda Protectorate, July 1894 ; Vice-Consul, 
Uganda Protectorate, May 1895 ; Depxity Com- 
missioner, Uganda, Apr. 1901 ; and was ap- 
pointed Deputy Commissioner for the East 
Africa Protectorate in April 1902. Mr. Jack- 
son is the possessor of the East and Central 
African medal, with clasps for Lumbwa and 
Nandi, 1897-8. 

JAGGER, John William, M.L.A., of Wyn- 
berg. Cape Town, and of the City Club, Cape 
Town, is the son of the late William Jagger, of 
Only House, Northowram. He was born Sept. 
20, 1859, at Northowram, Yorks., and was 
educated at Burnsall Gram. Sch. He went 
to S.A. in 1880. He is President of the 
Association of the Chambers of Commerce 
of S.A. ; member of the Table Bay Harbour 
Board, and was elected to represent Cape Town 
in the Progressive interest in the Legislative 
Assembly in Nov. 1902, being last re-elected 

in Feb. 1904. Mr. Jagger is head of the firm 
of J. W. Jagger & Co., S.A. merchants. He 
is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, and 
a Fellow of the Society of Arts. He married, 
in 1885, Mary, only dau. of the late William 
Hall, of Cape Town. 

JAMESON, Adam, of Pretoria ; is Commis- 
sioner of Lands for the Transvaal, and has 
also under his control the Depts. of Agricul- 
ture, Irrigation and Water Supplies, and Sur- 
veys, the Irrigation Dept. being at present in 
process of formation. 

JAMESON, Dr. The Hon. Leander Starr, 
M.L.A., C.B. (1894), of 2, Down St., Piccadilly, 
W., and of the Beefsteak Club, was born in 
Edinbiu-gh Feb. 9, 1853, and is one of many 
children of the late R. W. Jameson, W.S. He 
was educated at Godolphin Sch. , Hammersmith, 
and studied medicine at London Univ., 
graduating M.B. and B.S. 1875, M.R.C.S. Eng. 
1875, and M.D. 1877. He then went to America, 
and on his return to England was offered the 
post of Consulting Physician to the Kimberley 
Hospital, and a partnership in the practice of 
Dr. Prince of that town. Proceeding there 
he was soon recognized as one of the leading 
members of his profession, with what was 
probably the best practice in S.A. From 
this period dates his friendship with the late 
Cecil Rhodes. In 1881 Dr. Jameson came to 
Europe on a holiday, and from the time of his 
return to S.A. began his interest in the historic 
movement known as the Northern Expansion. 
He accompanied Dr. F. Rutherfoord Harris and 
Rochfort Maguire, MP., on a special mission 
to Lobengula (whom he treated for gout) ; and 
it was perhaps owing to this fact that the mis- 
sion was successful in accomplishing its objects. 
On his return to Kimberley Dr. Jameson again 
resumed the practice of his profession until 
Sept. 1889, when with Major Maxwell, Major 
Frank Johnson, and Mr. Denis Doyle he un- 
officially accompanied another mission to 
Lobengula. On the occupation of Mashona- 
land, Mr. Colquhoun was administrator of 
that territory, but Dr. Jameson held Mr. Rhodes* 
power of attorney. During these early days 
he had to endure a course of self-denial so severe 
that nothing but the most single-minded devo- 
tion to his self-imposed duties could have 
carried him through. Long wanderings through 
the " fly-belt " with Major Johnson in search 
of the East Coast route, endless troubles with 
his sorely-tried pioneers, imminent prospects 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


(sometimes realized) of conflicts with Boer 
trekkers, Matabele and Portuguese — these were 
some of the propositions which required his 
infinite patience, tact, courage and hard work 
to combat. 

Eventually reaching Kimberley again, Nov. 
15, 1890, he left once more for Mashonaland 
on Dec. 2 with some ofificials of the Chartered 
Co. At Rhodes' Drift ho met the Boer expedi- 
tion organised by Gen. Joubert to set up a new 
republic of Banjai in Chartered territory, and 
with great tact and firmness prevented the 
Boers from crossing the Crocodile River. 

On Sept. 18, 1891, Dr. Jameson succeeded 
Mr. Colquhoun as Chief Magistrate and Ad- 
ministrator of Mashonaland ; he took over also 
the administration of Matabeleland from Sept. 
1894, and in Oct. following was appointed 
Resident Commissioner of the territories along 
the western border of the S.A.R., north of 
Bechuanaland. These posts he relinquished 
in 1895 in consequence of his complicity in the 

It is difficult to say when Dr. Jameson's con- 
nection with the Transvaal Reform movement 
first originated. He possibly for years had in 
view the part which he was to play. However 
that may be, arrangements were made between 
the Reform leaders and Dr. Jameson as early as 
Sept. 1895, that he would maintain a force of 
some 1,500 mounted men with Maxims and 
field artillery on the western border of the 
Transvaal (ostensibly in case of difficulties with 
the Bechuanaland natives), and the seizure of 
the Pretoria fort and the railway was plaimed 
in conjunction with local levies. That was the 
original idea, but the arrangements were modi- 
fied. The Johannesburg leaders appear to 
have somewhat regretted that they had invited 
outside aid, and it was agreed with Mr. Rhodes 
in Nov. 1895 that the B.B.P. and other troops 
should be kept across the border only as moral 
support or for assistance in case the Uitlanders- 
found themselves in " a tight place," for which 
eventuality an undated letter, signed by the 
leaders, was handed to Dr. Jameson towards 
the end of Nov., setting forth the condition of 
affairs and inviting him to come to their assist- 
ance. This letter was mainly to justify the 
doctor before the British Govt, and the Directors 
of the Chartered Co. Dates for the invasion 
were tentatively fixed, but the Secy, of the 
Reform Committee has recorded that the pri- 
mary condition of these arrangements was 
that under no circumstances should Dr. Jame- 
son move without receiving the word from the 

Johannesburg party. Doubts were then enter- 
tained as to whether there was not some imder- 
lying intention on the part of Mr. Cecil Rhodes 
and the doctor to come in under the British 
flag, and so strong did these suspicions become, 
that emissaries were sent to Mr. Rhodes (Dec. 
25) to get his clear pronouncement that they 
were co-operating for a reformed and repre- 
sentative republic only, and the next day 
officers were despatched to Dr. Jameson to 
emphatically prohibit any movement on his 
part, and explaining the flag difficulty and the 
unpreparedness of the Uitlanders. But the 
doctor began to reveal an impatience which no 
protest either from the Committee, from Mr. 
Rhodes, or from individuals at Johannesburg 
could restrain. On Dec. 28, 1895, he ^\ired 
" I shall start without fail to-morrow night," and 
he left accordingly with 8 Maxims, two seven- 
pounders, one twelve-pounder, and about 480 
well mounted men. Such was the consterna- 
tion produced by this act that the first impulse 
was to repudiate the doctor's interference. 
But that was of course impossible. Maxinis 
had already been placed in position round 
Johannesburg, and some 2,000 rifles distributed 
and now earth-works were thrown up and 
defensive measures hastily taken. The force 
left Pitsani at about 5 p.m. on Sunday, and in 
spite of messages received from the High Com- 
missioner, the British Agent, and the Reform 
leaders, warning Dr. Jameson to withdraw his 
troops, he continued to Krugersdorp (150 
miles), which he reached at 3 p.m. on Wednes- 
day. Near here, at the Queen's mine, the 
invaders suffered a small reverse, and with- 
drew, the firing being carried on until 11 p.m. 
During the night the Boers were reinforced 
with guns, Maxims, and men, bringing up their 
numbers to 1,200 or 1,500 men. Dr. Jameson 
seemed quite unacqiiainted with the locality, 
and relied on the guidance of a local man, who 
led him into the strong position held by the Boers 
at Doornkop, Vlakfontein. He made a despe- 
rate attempt to break through, his men behav- 
ing with great gallantry. But the position was 
vmassailable, and the force surrendered as 9.15 
on Thursday morning, conditionally on the 
lives of all his force being spared. The casual- 
ties were 18 killed and about 40 wounded, while 
the Boers owned to 4 killed and 5 wounded. 

Dr. Jameson was handed over by Mr. Kriiger's 
Govt, to the British Govt, for trial in London. 
Following on the police-court proceedings, he 
was tried at Bar on the charge of having con- 
travened the Foreign Enlistment Act of 1870 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

by organizing and heading a hostile expedition 
from Pitsani-Pitlogo against a friendly power. 
The trial commenced on Jvme 20, 1896, at the 
High Court of Judicature, and lasted seven 
days. He was found guilty and sentenced to 
imprisonment as a first-class misdemeanant for 
fifteen months. He was, however, released 
from Holloway in the following Dec. on account 
of illness. 

After a partial retirement for some years, 
Dr. Jameson returned to S.A., serving in the 
war (1899-1900), during which time he was 
besieged in Ladysmith, doing useful work until 
he was himself laid up with enteric. In 1900 
he was elected a member of the Legislative 
Assembly for Kimberley, and made his maiden 
speech in the House on Aug. 28, 1902, in which 
he hoped that the Raid might now be forgotten. 
Seceding from the Sprigg party, he identified 
himself with the Suspension movement, and 
was eventually (June 8, 1903), elected leader 
of the new Progressive party which, after 
a long and difficult struggle, entailing consider- 
able organizing powers, tact, control, and 
restraint, he led to victory at the general 
election in Feb. 1904, himself being retm-ned 
as member for Grahamstown. The Progres- 
sives being in a majority of five in the new 
assembly, and of one in the Council, and Sir 
Gordon Sprigg having been defeated at the 
poll, the resignation of the Ministry followed 
as a matter of coiu-se, and a new Cabinet was 
immediately formed by Dr. Jameson, consist- 
ing of himself as Premier with charge of Native 
Affairs, Col. Crewe as Colonial Secy., E. H. 
Walton as Treasurer, Dr. Smart as Com- 
missioner of Crown Lands and Public Works, 
Victor Sampson as Attorney-Gen., Arthur 
Fuller as Secy, for Agriculture, and Sir Lewis 
Michell as Minister without portfolio, all of 
whom are referred to more particularly in 
other pages. The Premier will have to exercise 
all his qualities of leadership to achieve the 
objects of his party, the immediate task being 
the passing of an equitable redistribution bill, 
and the ultimate aim the Imperial federation 
of British S. Africa. But in spite of certain 
limitations, he possesses that knowledge of men 
and affairs, patience, sobriety of thought and 
action, imagination, capacity for hard work, 
and that necessary amount of daring which 
make for success. If he has not the magnetic 
power of a commanding personaHty, he certainly 
does not fail in inspiring friendship and zeal, 
courage and persistence. He is accessible and 
suave, well able to bear extremes of fortune. 

and has never yet forgiven his one great failure. 
To the department over which Dr. Jameson now 
presides he brings a close knowledge of native 
character and a keen appreciation of the neces- 
sity of raising the status and usefulness of the 

Dr. Jameson is a Director of the British 
S.A. Co., and of the De Beers Consoli- 
dated Mines, and by the last codicil of Mr. 
Cecil Rhodes' will, he was appointed a co- 
executor and trustee thereof. He is not 

JARVIS, Lieut. -Col. Alexander Weston, 
C.M.G. (Apr. 1901), M.V.O. (1901), of 66, Park 
Street, Grosvenor Square, and of the Carlton, 
Marlborovigh and Bachelors' Clubs, is the eldest 
son of Sir Lewis Jarvis, of Middleton Towers, 
King's Lynn, where he was born, Dec. 26, 
185.5. He was educated at Harrow, and repre- 
sented King's Lynn as Conservative M.P. from 
1886 to 1892. 

As a member of the firm of Partridge & Jarvis, 
he was actively interested in the formation and 
control of a large number of Rhodesian under- 
takings. He was in Rhodesia when the Mata- 
bele Rebellion of 1896 broke out. He then 
accompanied the Volunteer forces in an vm- 
attached capacity, but took command of a 
squadron on its leader being mortally wounded 
(medal). He was again in Rhodesia when 
the S.A. War opened in 1899, and joined the 
Rhodesian contingent under Col. Plumer, 
taking part in the relief of Mafeking. On 
leaving Plumer's force at the end of 1900, Col. 
Jarvis came to England, but returned three 
months later in command of the 21st Battn. of 
I.Y. serving with Col. Rimington's and Sir 
Henry Rawlinson's cohunns, during which time 
he took part in the successful drives luider Gen. 
Bruce Hamilton, from the beginning of Nov. 
1901 to the end of Jan. 1902. towards the end 
of the war Col. Jarvis was employed in putting 
up the Block-house lines from Ermelo to 
Carolina in the North, and from Ermelo to the 
Swaziland Border on the East (S.A. medal 
and four cla,sps, and King's medal and two 
clasps). At the conclusion of hostilities his 
battn. was disbanded, but Col. Jarvis was 
given the hon. rank of Lieut. -Col. in the Army, 
together with the dignity of C.M.G. On return- 
ing to England he exchanged from the Derby- 
shire Yeomanry Cavalry to take command 
under Lord Dunraven of the 3rd County of 
London I.Y. — a regiment which was formed 
out of the old 18th, 21st, and 23rd Batts. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


of I.Y. which had served with Col. Jarvis in 


In Nov. 1902 Col. Jarvis proceeded to the 
Delhi Durbar on the Staff of H.R.H. the Duke 
of Connaught. Meanwhile the partnership of 
Partridge & Jarvis having terminated by the 
effluxion of time, Col. Jarvis returned to the City 
to supervise his business. Amongst other Com- 
panies he is a Director of the India Rubber, 
Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works, and many 
Rhodesian Cos. 

At one time an ardent steeplechaser and 
cricketer, he now limits his recreations mainly 
to hunting and shooting. Col. Jarvis is un- 

JENKIN, Thomas Nicol, of Tolgus, Red- 
ruth, Cornwall, and 124, Palace Chambers, 
Westminster, was born Mar. 6, 1865. He is 
proprietor of the " Cornubian " newspaper. 
Secy, of the National Industrial Assoc, and 
Secy, of the S.A. Trade Committee, by whom he 
was sent out as Special Commissioner to report 
upon the general trade of S.A. (exclu- 
ding engineering and textiles). The results of 
his investigations were published in 1902 by 
P. S. King & Sons under the title of " South 
African General Trades." He married, in 
1887, Jessica Frances Lemon, dau. of Jolm 

JENNINGS, Hennen, C. E., of Mortimer 
House, Egerton Gardens, London, S.W., of 
1, London Wall Buildings, E.C., and of the 
Union Club, San Francisco, and the Rand Club, 
Johannesburg, was born in Hawesville, Ken- 
tucky, U.S.A., May 6, 1854, and is son of Jas. 
R. Jennings, of Norfolk, Virginia, an owner of 
coal mines in Kentucky, by his wife Katherine 
Sharpe Hennen, of New Orleans. Mr. Hennen 
Jennings was educated at Lawrence Scientific 
Sch., Harvard Univ., where he graduated 
C.E. inl877. Since then he has been identified 
with many mining undertakings, notably with 
the North Bloomfield Gold Gravel Mining Co. 
in California, in 1877 and 1880 ; the New Almaden 
Quicksilver Mines in Cahfornia, 1877 to 1880, 
and 1883 to 1887 ; the Ruby Gold Gravel 
Mining Company in California, from 1881 to 
1883; and the El Callao Mine, Venezuela, 
from 1887 to 1889. From December 1889 to 
June 1898 he was Consulting Engineer to H. 
Eckstein & Co., Johannesburg, and has been 
Consulting Engineer for varioxis periods to the 
following Transvaal Gold Mining Companies : — 
Rand Mines, Robinson, Crown Reef, New Heriot, 

City & Suburban, Henry Nourse, Nigel, New 
Modderfontein, and others. From July 1898 
to the present time he has acted as Consulting 
Engineer in London to Messrs. Wernlier, Beit & 
Co. ; in addition to which he is Director of the 
El Oro Mining & Rly. Co. of Mexico, and Presi- 
dent (1903 and 1904) of the Institution of Mining 
and Metallurgy. 

Mr. Jennings is greatly interested in educa- 
tional matters ; was a member of Transvaal 
School Board in 1897 and 1898 ; Member of two 
Technical Education Commissions in Transvaal. 
1902, 1903 and 1904 ; Member of the London 
Advisory Committee of the Transvaal Technical 
Institute, and Member of the Departmental 
Committee of the Royal College of Science, etc., 
etc. Besides which he is a Member of the 
Institute of Civil Engineers ; American Institute 
of Mining Engineers ; South African Association 
of Engineers ; Chemical, Metallurgical and 
Mining Society of South Africa; Mechanical 
Engineers' Association of the Witwatersrand ; 
Geological Society of South Africa ; South 
African Association for Advancement of Science, 
and the Society of Arts. 

He is a keen golf player, and a member of 
the West Herts and Cinque Ports Golf Clubs. 
He married, October 7, 1886, Mary L., 
daughter of John C. Coleman, of San Francisco, 

JENNINGS, Sidney Johnston, A.I.M.E., 
M.I.M. and M., S.A.A.E., of Corona House, 
Mayfair, Johannesburg, and of the Rand and 
Athenaeum Clubs, Johannesburg, is the son of 
James R. Jennings, his mother being a dau. of 
Alfred Hennen, a lawyer of New Orleans. He 
was born Aug. 13, 1863, in Hancock County, 
Kentucky, U.S.A., and was educated at Tours, 
France, Hanover, Germany, and Lawrence 
Scientific Sch., Harvard Univ. Mr. Jennings 
acquired a practical knowledge of mining in the 
quicksilver mines of New Almaden and the 
Copper Mines of the Anaconda Co. He 
went to S.A. as Manager of the Willows 
Copper (Argentiferous) Synd.,Ltd., in 1890, and 
was appointed Assis. General Manager of De 
Beers Consolidated Mines., Ltd. Mr. Jennings 
went to the Rand in 1893 as Manager of the 
Crown Deep, Ltd., and was appointed Gen. 
Manager of the Crown Reef G. M. Co. in 1896 ; 
he joined H. Eckstein & Co.'s Mining Dept. 
in 1899, and was appointed Consulting 
Engineer to that firm in 1900, and is also Consult- 
ing Engineer to the Robinson G. M. Co., the 
Crown Reef, Bonanza, Robinson, Central Deep, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Ferreira, City and Suburban, Village Deep, New 
Modderfontein, Henry Nourse, Turf Mines, Ltd., 
etc. Mr. Jennings was member of the Johannes- 
burg Town Council from Dec. 1901 to April 
1903, when he did very good service as Chairman 
of the Works Committee. He has also taken a 
great interest in education ; is a member of the 
governing body of the Transvaal Technical 
Institute, and is also a member of many scientific 
societies. He married, Aug. 18, 1903, Amy 
Florence Valby, dau. of Col. Philip Dassie 
Home, R.H.A. 

JEPPE, Carl, of the Rand Club, was born at 
Rostock, Mecklenburg, Germany, in 1858, and 
was educated in Germany and Pretoria. He 
went to the Transvaal in 1870, entering the 
Govt, service as Public Prosecutor for the Water- 
burg in 1877. He was admitted to practise as 
advocate at the Transvaal bar in 1884, and in the 
early days of the Rand he became joint-owner 
of the Johannesburg Suburbs — Jeppestown and 
Fordsburg. He was member of the Diggers' 
Committee in 1877 ; Chairman of the Chamber 
of Mines in 1888, and Member of the Johannes- 
biirg Chamber of Mines in the following year. 
Mr. Jeppe was elected Member of the Second 
Raad for the Rand Gold Fields in 1891, but was 
unseated on the ground of informality and 
declined to stand again. He was, however, 
returned as Member for Johannesburg to the 
First Raad in 1893. He was strongly in favour 
of extending the franchise to the new-comers 
under certain conditions ; advocated a spirited 
railway policy and the remodelling of the finan- 
cial system of the State. During the 1894 
session he was the mainstay of the Progressives 
in the Raad, and fought valiantly in the interests 
of the Uitlanders. His plea for the alien during 
the Franchise debate was said by the " Argus 
Annual " to have been recognized as the finest 
piece of oratory ever heard in the Raadzaal, and 
his speech won over several members of his 
side who were previously undecided. At the 
conclusion of the session he was publicly 
thanked for his efforts in the cause of his con- 

JEPPE, Julius, Knight of the Danish Order 
of Danebrog, and Knight of the Grecian Royal 
Order of the Saviour, of 32, Shortmarket Street, 
Cape Town, of " Vredenburg," Rosebank, C.T., 
and of the City Club, C.T., is son of the late Dr. 
Jeppe of Rostock. He was born September 22, 
1855, at Swellendam, C.C, and was educated 
at the S.A. Coll. He has had a long com- 

mercial career liaving been connected with 
shipping, produce, and manufacturing interests 
in S.A. since 1880— for fourteen years in the 
Transvaal, and now in Cape Town. His official 
positions are Consul for Denmark and Consul for 
Greece. Recreations : shooting and riding. He 
married, Sept. 24, 1884, Julia, eldest dau. 
of the late Capt. Richard Ellis, shipowner, of 

JOEL, J. B., of 34, Grosvenor Square, London, 
and of Northaw House, Potter's Bar, is son of the 
late Joel Joel, and a member of the firm of 
Barnato Bros., whom he represents in Johannes- 
b\irg as a Permanent Director of the Barnato 
Consolidated Mines. He is also on the Board of 
the Johannesburg ConsoUdated Investment 
Co. Mr. " Jack " Joel is a faii'ly successful 
owner of racehorses, and is an accomplished 
driver foiu'-in-hand. He married, in 1904, Olive 
Coulson, dau. of the late Thos. Sop with, of 83, 
Cadogan Gardens, London. 

JOEL, Solomon Baenato, of Johannesburg, 
and of 10 and 11, Austin Friars, London, E.C., 
is son of the late Joel Joel, and a nephew of the 
late B. I. Barnato, and younger brother of Woolf 
Joel, who was foully murdered in Johannesburg 
some years ago. He is now one of the chief 
members of the firm of Barnato Bros., and as 
such largely assists in the control of enormous 
interests in mining and industrial companies in 
S.A. He is a Director of De Beers Con- 
solidated Mines, and is on the Johannesburg 
Board of the New Jagersfontein Mining Co. He 
is Chairman of the Johannesburg Board of th© 
Ginsberg, Glencairn, Johannesburg Consolidated 
Investment Co., Johannesburg Waterworks, 
New Croesus, New Primrose, New Spes Bona 
and Pleiades Companies ; is Permanent Director 
of the Barnato Consolidated Mines, and is also a 
Director in Johannesburg of the Balmoral, 
Buffelsdoorn " A," Buffelsdoorn Estate, Chimes, 
Ferreira Deep, Johannesburg Estate, Langlaagte 
Royal,Lydenburg Gold Farms, May Consolidated, 
New Heidelburg-Roodepoort, New Rietfontein, 
New Unified Main Reef, Nigel Deep, Rietfontein 
" A," Roodepoort, Transvaal Consolidated Coal 
Mines, and the Witwatersrand G. M. Co. Mr. 
" Solly " Joel is the owner of the Maiden Erlegh 
estate ; he races considerably in Johannesbm-g 
and in England, and is particularly partial to the 

JOHNSON, El-Lewa Edward Armstrong, 
Pasha, 2nd Class Medjidieh ; of Cairo ; of Lilly 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Hall, Ledbury, Herefordshire, and of the Jvinior 
United Service and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was born 
in Dublin, Aug. 15, 1846. He is son of the 
Ven. Evans Johnson, Archdeacon of Ferns, and 
Mary, dau. of William Henry Heaton Armstrong, 
of Mount Heaton, and of Farney Castle, Ireland. 
He was educated at Cheltenham Coll., where 
he was in the Cricket XI. in 1864^5. He passed 
for Woolwich in June of that year, and joined 
the R.A. in January, 1868 ; went to India with 
the 9th Brigade in 1869, and held charge of the 
Quetta Arsenal dviring the second Afghan Cam- 
paign and seige of Kandahar. He was several 
times thanked for services by resolutions of the 
Bombay Govt. ; was mentioned in de- 
spatches, and his services were a second time 
brought to the notice of the Govt, of India by 
the Bombay Govt. He had charge of the 
Grand Arsenal, Bombay, from the close of the 
war, till invaUded in 1882 (Afghan medal 
1879-82). He acted temporarily as R.M. in 
Ireland, but resigned that appointment to join 
the Staff of Gen. Val. Baker in Egypt in 1883. 
He served as Deputy Inspector-Gen. of 
Gendarmerie and Police for several years there ; 
was made Lewa (Maj.-Gen.) by Khedivial 
decree in June, 1885. On the reorganisation of 
the Ministry of the Interior he joined the Ministry 
of Justice as Chief Inspector of Native Tribunals, 
but gave up that position in 1902 to undertake 
the establishment of model workshops, which 
were intended to serve as Technical Schools for 
Egyptian artisans on a system suggested by 

About the year 1895, Johnson Pasha com- 
menced to devote a portion of his spare time to 
the revival of the ancient ceramic industries of 
Egypt, which had been almost abandoned, with 
such success that several potteries are now 
doing a fairly profitable trade in glazed pottery, 
and the industry shows promise of extensive 
development. The development of the mining 
industry which has recently taken place in 
Egj'pt is also largely due to Johnson Pasha's 
initiative. Between 1889-95 he spent most of 
his holidays in visiting the ancient mining 
centres in the Eastern Desert, wloich he found 
to be much more numerous than had been 

As Capt. Johnson, he was secy, of the 
Mhow Tent Club from 1873-76, and won the 
sportsman's contest at the Mhow Rifle Meeting 
in 1875. He published (1887) a translation of 
the Gulshan-i-Raz in blanli verse with some of 
the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. A second 
publication (1893) contains the Gulshan-i-Raz, 

the introduction to the Diwan of Be-Dil, and a 
considerable number of the Rubiayat not 
previously translated. Johnson Pasha married, 
Feb. 25, 1871, Mary Hokoyd, dau. of the 
late Maj. J. E. Eaiox-Grogan, formerly of the 
68th Regt. 

JOHNSON, Major Frank, of Finsbury Pave- 
ment House, London, E.G., and Erin House, 
Clapham Park, S.W., was born in Norfolk in 
1866 ; was educated at King's Lynn Gram. 
Sch. ; went out to S.A. in 1882, and for 
two years was a member of the Cape Civil 
Service. In 1884 he joined the 2nd Mounted 
Rifles vmder Colonel (now Gen.) Sir Frederick 
Carrington, and took part m the Warren Ex- 
pedition to Bechuanaland, at the close of which 
he joined the Bechuanaland Border Police, in 
which corps he met his future partners, Maurice 
Heany and H. J. Borrow. Drawn north by the 
reports of wealth in the interior, he left the 
B.B.P. early in 1886, and at Cape Town formed 
a small syndicate to obtain concessions in the 
Protectorate of Lobengula's country. He was 
successful in getting a big concession in Khama's 
territory, which led to the foundation of the 
Bechuanaland Exploration Company. He then 
went to Lobengula's kraal, where he was one of 
the first white men who dared to ask the sable 
chief for a mineral concession. In 1889 Mr. 
Rhodes obtained his charter, and in the follow- 
ing year set about the effective occupation of 
Mashonaland, making, on somewhat original 
lines, a contract with Frank Johnson to carry 
out the occupation, in which the latter was 
assisted by two troops of B.S.A. Police, F. C. 
Selous acting as Intelligence Officer, and Frank 
Johnson getting the Colonial rank of Major — 
in other words he was practically, and came to 
be known as, the " Contractor " for Mashona- 
land. The chief commander of the whole ex- 
pedition was Col. Pennef either. After the occu- 
pation of Mashonaland he settled dowm in part- 
nership with Heany and Borrow, and acquired 
a number of mining and landed interests, which 
ultimately were merged into the United Rho- 
desia, Ltd. Capt. Borrow was killed at 
Shangani in the first Matabele War, and IMajor 
Heany afterwards associated himself with the 
Partridge & Jarvis group. From 1890 Maj. 
Johnson made his headquarters at Cape Towtq, 
where he held a commission and tooli an active 
interest in the Cape Volunteer Forces. 

In 1896 he was one of the two Colonial officers 
chosen by the Cape Govt, as members of 
the Commission appointed by Parliament to 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

inquire into the defences and forces of Cape 
Colony, the other members being Imperial offi- 
cers. The scheme of defence finally recom- 
mended by the Commission was chiefly based on 
that of Canada. At the end of 1896, at the out- 
break of native troubles in Bechuanaland, Maj. 
Johnson was appointed Staff Officer of the 
Colonial Forces at the headquarters in Cape 
Town, and when an expedition was finally de- 
spatched to the Langeberg early in the ensuing 
year, imder Col. Dalgetty, of the Cape Mounted 
Rifles, Maj. Johnson was appointed Chief Staff 
Officer. At the close of the expedition he was 
specially thanked by the Cape Govt, for 
his services. For the next three years he re- 
sided with his family in Salisbiu'y, Rhodesia, as 
Managing Director of the Mashonaland Consoli- 
dated, Limited. In 1900 he returned to Eng- 
land, and settled down in London as a Rhodesian 
financier and company director. He is now 
Chairman of the Rhodesia Consolidated and the 
Scottish African Trust, and is on the Boards of 
the French South African Development Co., 
Golden Valley (Mashonaland) Mines, Mashona- 
land Consolidated, and the Rhodesia Cold 
Storage Co. He also took a leading part in the 
formation of the Rhodesian LandoMTiers' Asso- 
ciation. He is a good game shot, an habitual 
motorist, and is married. 

JOHNSTON, George Lawson, of 15, Mans- 
field Street, London, W., and of the Devonshire, 
Bath, Royal Temple Yacht, and Union des 
Yacht Frangais Clubs ; is the son of the late 
John Lawson Johnston, of Kingswood, Syden- 
ham Hill ; was born at Edinburgh in 1873, and 
was educated in Canada and at Dulwich College, 
England. He has travelled extensively in 
Europe, North and South America and North 
and Sovith Africa. Commercially his career 
has been most successful, amongst the great 
enterprises with which he is connected being 
Bovril, Ltd. He is now the Vice-Chairman of this 
well-known Co. ; he is also a Director of the 
" Daily Express " newspaper ; and a Director 
of Henderson's Transvaal Estates. Ltd. He is 
identified with many philanthropic works, and 
is on the Executive Committees of King Edward's 
Hospital Fund and the Pvoyal Normal College 
for the Blind. Having seen so much of the 
British Empire in different parts of the world, 
it is not surprising to find that he is an active 
member of the Council of the British Empire 
League, with the objects and usefulness of whose 
work he is profoundly impressed. An enthu- 
siastic yachtsman, he is also fond of shooting and 

riding, and is a supporter of all forms of healthy 
sport. He married, Dec. 4, 1902, Laura, fifth 
dau. of the 16th Lord St. John. 

JOHNSTON, Sir Henry Hamilton, G.C.M.G. 
(1901), K.C.B. (1896), of 27, Chester Terrace, 
Regent's Park, and of the Travellers' Club, 
is the son of John Brooks Johnston and Esther 
Letitia Hamilton, and was born in London 
June 12, 1858. He was educated at King's 
Coll., London, and studied at the Royal Academy 
of Arts, Burlington House. He graduated 
D.Sc. Camb. ; is a Gold Medallist of the Royal 
Scottish Geographical Soc, Gold Medallist of the 
Zoological Soc, and Medallist of the S. Ken- 
sington Sell, of Art. 

A man of infinite variety, of high mental 
attainments, an fartist, naturaUst, musician, 
student of human natvire, and an Administrator, 
Sir Henry has had a career of great distinction, 
and may fairly be numbered amongst the band 
of empire builders who have done so niuch to 
make the present age illustrious. In 1880 and 
the two following years he explored Tunis, West 
Africa, and East Africa adding very considerably 
to our store of knowledge of these countries. He 
was in command of a scientific expedition sent 
out by the Royal Society to Moiuit Kilimanjaro 
in 1884. In 1885 he entered H.M. Consular 
service as Vice-Consul for the Oil Rivers and the 
Cameroons ; Acting-Consul for the High Coast 
Protectorate, 1887; and in 1889 was appointed 
Consul for Portuguese East Africa. Later in 
that year (1889) he led an expedition to Lakes 
Nyassa and Tanganyika. In 1891 he was trans- 
ferred as H.M. Commissioner "and Consul-Gen. 
for British Central Africa, and received general 
recognition for the energy, tact, and skill with 
which he carried out the delicate and difficult 
mission with which he was entrusted. At the 
same time he was appointed Imperial Commis- 
sioner for Nyassaland and Administrator of 
the British S.A. Co.'s territory north of the 
Zambesi. Under his able administration great 
progress was made, raising Indian police, con- 
structing roads, establishing postal services, in- 
augvu-ating schemes for the development of 
the resources of the country, and incidentally 
checking the slave trade which at that time was 
still engaged in about Lake Nyassa. In 1 897 he 
took up the appointment of Consul-Gen. for 
Tunis, where he remained until 1899, in which 
year he received the appointment of Special 
Commissioner, Consul-Gen., and Commander- 
in-Chief for the Uganda Protectorate, where he 
served with distinction until 1902. He is a 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Director of the British C.A. Co. and was Pres. 
for 1903 of the African Society. He con- 
tested the constituency of Rochester at a by- 
election in Sept. 1903 in the Liberal interest, and 
was defeated by Mr. Charles Tuff by 521 votes. 
This choice of party by one whose record has 
been so far removed from Little Englandism 
was received with keen disappointment by the 
majority of his Iinperialist friends, but Sir Harry 
justified his action on the grounds of the necessity 
for Free Trade and the callousness of the Con- 
servative Govt, in foreign affairs, and more 
especially in what he describes as the physical 
well-being and education of Englishmen. 

Sir Harry is a fellow of many learned Socie- 
ties. He has exhibited pictures at the Royal 
Academy and other galleries, whilst his sketclies 
have given an additional value to many of his 
books. He has written Essays on the Tmiisian 
Question (1880-1); on the Congo River, 1884; 
on Kilimanjaro, 1885 ; History of a Slave, 1889 ; 
Life of Livingstone, 1891 ; British Central Africa, 
1897 ; A History of the Colonisation of Africa 
by Ahen Races, 1899 ; The Uganda Protectorate, 
1902 ; and also a number of Blue-books and 
Reports on Central Africa, which may be said to 
have introduced a style of writing up to his time 
quite foreign to the prosaic writings of his prede- 

He married, Oct. 15, 1896, the Hon. Winifred 
Ii'by, dau. of the 5th Lord Boston, and step-dau. 
of Sir Percy Anderson, K.C.B., late Assist. 
Under-Secy.' for Foreign Affairs. 

JONES, Sir Alfred Lewis, K.C.M.G., J.P., 
of Oaklands Aigburth, Liverpool ; of Pendy- 
ffryn, Llanddulas, Abergele, North Wales ; and 
of the Constitutional (London), Palatine (Liver- 
pool) and the Liverpool Clubs, was born at Car- 
marthen in 1845. He came to Liverpool when 
very young, and received a sound commercial 
education at the Liverpool Coll. Young 
men entering on a business career in those 
days had to begin at an early age, and Alfred 
Lewis Jones started at the bottom rung of the 
ladder in a shipowning and ship-broking firm in 
the great city on the Mersey, and slowly but 
surely mounted up to the top of his profession. 
Comparatively early, however, in his mercantile 
career he joined the famous farin of Elder Demp- 
ster & Co., a shipowning concern engaged in 
the trade between Liverpool and West Africa, 
and the intimate gre^sp he possessed of every 
branch of the shipping business made him so 
invaluable that he soon became part of the firm. 
From that moment his life has been one long 

series of trading trixmiphs, and when the magni- 
tude and variety of operations in which he has 
been engaged are taken into account, there is 
scarcely reason for wonder that Sir Alfred is 
looked upon as perhaps the most successful 
living shipowner in the world. When he joined 
the Elder Dempster firin, the West African trade 
was exceedingly small, and he very soon per- 
ceived that one of the chief reasons for this was 
the neglect by the Home Govt, of om* pos- 
sessions in this part of the world. Whilst pash- 
ing and developing his own business with the 
greatest pluck by building more modern steamers 
of larger cargo-carrying capacity and with vastly 
better passenger accommodation, he also set 
himself the task of sedulously organizing the 
traders, and at the same time cultivating friendly 
relations with the Colonial authorities, both at 
Whitehall and in our dependencies. The result 
of this is seen in the achnittedly enormoiis izn- 
provement which has taken place in recent years 
in every detail of the administration of the West 
African Colonies, perhaps the greatest of these 
changes, and indeed one which has given rise to 
all the rest being the selection of the Governors 
from an altogether more siiitable class of ofhcials, 
gentlemen who are at once practical, energetic 
and firm, and who fully recognize the impor- 
tance of removing all needless obstructions to 
the carrying on of trading operations. To 
enumerate all the reforms which Sir Alfred Jones 
has almost personally been instrumental in 
bringing about in our West African possessions, 
would be to merely write a history of the modern 
progress of that part of the Empire. The word 
" personally " is used here advisedly, for though 
he is always ably assisted by the Liverpool 
Chamber of Commerce, of which he has been for 
some years the esteemed President, yet the 
infinite tact he has displayed in entertaining the 
various officials when they paid visits to this 
country, and in approaching from the social side 
all who had the power of helping West Afi'ica, 
is undoubtedly the chief reason for the adoption 
of almost every one of the suggestions put for- 
ward by traders. It is indeed to Sir Alfred 
Jones that the great Colony of Nigeria owes its 
formation, for it is mainly his agitation which 
rang the death knell of the Royal Niger Co. 
as an administrative corporation ; it is cer- 
tainly a fact that there would not have been 
a single mile of railway, either at Lagos, Sierra 
Leone, or the Gold Coast, but for his advocacy 
and diplomatic skill, and it is an undoubted 
verity that every nook and corner m British 
West Africa bears testimony in some form or 

Anglo- African Who's Who 

other to the luitiring energy and indomitable 
resolution of the man Avho has been rather aptly 
styled " the Napoleon of West Africa," The 
wonderful success of the mosqviito theory in the 
fight against the curse of West Africa, malaria, 
is mainly due to Sir Alfred's generous and deter- 
mined espousal of the cause, even from the time 
when, as is the case with nearly all great dis- 
coveries, it is laughed at, and whether in lavishly 
helping forward this magnificent discovery by 
forming and endowing the Liverpool School of 
Tropical Medicine, in estabUshing educational 
institutes where young West Africans could 
come over and finish their education in this 
country,in providing free passages on his steamers 
to all and sundry who either wished to go out to 
the colonies or to come from thence to England, 
for the promotion of any scheme likely to for- 
ward the interests of our possessions or its inhabi- 
tants, or in arranging conferences between 
British traders and the various Governors, so 
that the administration of the country should 
be conducted with the least possible friction, it 
may be literally asserted that Sir Alfred Jones 
has never rested in his efforts to make West 
Africa the huge success it now is, both com- 
mercially and politically. 

On the way to West Africa lie the Canary 
Islands, and Sir Alfred soon saw the possibilities 
of the development of Las Palmas as a coaling 
station, as well as a valuable depot for collecting 
bananas from the various islands, and filling up 
his vessels with the fruit which has now become 
so popular in this country. As a coaling station 
Las Palmas is an unqualified success financially 
and in every other way, and so great is the de- 
mand for bananas now in England, that the 
Canaries cannot produce nearly enough to meet 
our needs. Just as in West Africa, everywhere 
one goes in the Canary Islands bears evidence of 
the push and energy of the subject of the present 
sketch, for he has made the place a mere winter 
annexe of this country by building hotels, grant- 
ing special cheap fares for tourists, and in every 
way promoting the interests of the islands. 

Some years ago an opportunity occurred for 
Sir Alfred to acquire the business of the well- 
known Beaver Line, a passenger and cargo steam- 
ship service, running between Liverpool and 
Canada, and into the conduct of this ventiu-e he 
threw the same energy and skill that had stood 
him in so much stead in the West African trade. | 
The possibilities of the Dominion in the way of I 
providing food for the Mother-country were at 
once perceived, and he is the first of our ship- 
owners to fully grasp the tremendous economies 

in working which must result in such a trade by 
the use of the modern mammoth sized vessels, 
which carry about five or six times as much as 
did the cargo boats of only a decade ago. It 
is only the other day that this business, then 
in the high tide of its prosperity, was sold 
to the Canadian Pacific Railway Co. by Sir 
Alfred for a sum which has been several times 
publicly stated at one and a half millions sterhng. 
The impetus which is given to the trade of the 
Dominion and to the shipping business in general 
by the establishment of this line cannot be over- 
estimated, for it is shown that with moderate 
freights and a good service, the possibilities of 
the expansion of commerce between Canada and 
Great Britain were far in excess of all previous 

During the Boer War these gigantic vessels 
proved of the greatest service to the State 
in conveying troops, horses and mules to 
S.A. ports from all parts of the world, and 
the fact that his own services were thereby 
largely disorganized in no way stood in the way 
of the head of the Elder Dempster Line patrioti- 
cally rendering all possible assistance to the 
British Govt. 

It is natural that to such a man Mr. Cham- 
berlain would turn in invoking the aid of an 
enterprising shipowner (of whom he is a strong 
personal friend) to help the West Indies out of 
the dire stress into which it had been thrown by 
sugar bounties and the neglect of the develop- 
ment of its splendid resotirces, and though Sir 
Alfred has always protested that he got the 
worst of the bargain with the Colonial Secretary, 
the result of the establishment of the direct West 
India mail service, with its magnificent fast 
passenger steamers and its obligation to bring 
home from Jamaica enormous quantities of 
bananas weekly, has been an unqualified good 
for the Island and has given a filHp to the trade 
and commerce of the place which, but for the 
recent unfortunate cyclone, would undoubtedly 
have soon made of it one of the most prosperous 
of our colonies. The disaster of a short time 
ago must have hit Sir Alfred very hard, for with 
his usual enterprise he had opened up hotels and 
promoted all sorts of businesses likely to be 
helpful to the place, and it is to be hoped that 
tlie Government in coming to the assistance of 
the Colony will take into account the material 
service rendered to Jamaica by the great Liver- 
pool shipowner. The development of the 
banana trade since the line was established has 
been prodigious, and the fact that he is chiefly 
responsible for the initiation and the present 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


position of this traffic, which has made the banana 
the food and fruit of the pauper as well as of the 
peer of this country, is one of the achievements 
on which Sir Alfred may be most sincerely 

As a public man Sir Alfred Jones has over 
and over again been asked to stand for Parha- 
ment, but he knows full well that he can be of 
greater assistance to the Commonwealth out- 
side St. Stephen's and has wisely refused many 
of the safest seats, but as President of the Liver- 
pool Chamber of Commerce he has infinite oppor- 
tunities for serving his country, and no appeal 
to his purse or his time in this direction is ever 
met with a refusal. Besides this he is Chairman 
of the Liverpool Steam Shipowners' Association, 
is Consul in Liverpool for the Congo Free State, 
and is Pres. of the Liverpool School for the Study 
of Tropical Diseases. To find time for all the 
pubhc work involved in these by no means 
" sinecurial " positions, and to be Chairman of 
the Elder Dempster Shipping Co., Ltd., the 
British & African Steam Navigation Co., Ltd., 
the Imperial Direct West India Mail Service Co., 
Ltd., the Bank of British West Africa, and of 
Elders & Fyffes, Ltd. (the great Canada firm) 
would seem a superhuman task, but Sir Alfred 
gets through it all with the utmost coolness, and is 
withal perhaps the most courteous and approach 
able man in England. Qmte recently he served 
on the Committee appointed by the Admiralty 
to inquire into the question of our Naval 
Reserves, and in recognition of his great services 
to West Africa and Jamaica he was decorated 
in 1901 with his K.C.M.G., whilst Jesus Coll., 
Oxford, has conferred on him the degree of 
Honorary Fellow. 

JONES, John Frank, C.M.G., of 41, Hat- 
field Road, St. Albans, and of the New Club, 
was born July 29, 1861. He joined the staff 
of the British S.A. Co. upon its forma- 
tion. In 1896 he was appointed Asst.-Secy., 
and when Mr. Herbert Canning resigned in 1898, 
he succeeded him as Secy. In addition to that 
post he was made Joint-Manager with Mr. 
Wilson Fox in 1902. He also represents the 
large interests of the Chartered Co, on the Boards 
of several Rhodesian undertakings. Although 
Mr. Jones' knowledge of Rhodesia was exceed- 
ingly extensive, he had never been to that 
country until, at the latter end of 1902, he 
accompanied Mr. Beit, Dr. Jameson, and Sir 
Lewis Mitchell on a trip extending right through 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland, where he 
acquired a practical acquaintance with the 

coim try's conditions of the greatest advantage 
to hira in the interests of the Company he so ably 
serves. In recognition of his services to the 
Govt, in connection with the S.A. War he was 
made a C.M.G. in Oct. 1902. 

JONES, The Hon Sidney Twentym.^jj, of 
Oiles, GrahamstOMTi, and Ravensworth, Clare- 
mont, and of the Civil Service (C.T.) and Port 
Ehzabeth Clubs, is the son of Thomas Jones, 
of Stanimore, Rondebosch, by Sarah Elizabeth 
Head Twentyman, dau. of John Twentj-man, of 
Dwerry House, Lancashire. He was born 
Jan. 20, 1849, and educated at the Diocesan 
Coll., Rondebosch, and the S.A. Coll., Cape 
Town. He took the second class certificate 
of the Cape Board of Examiners, graduated B.A. 
in 1868 ; entered Trinity Hall, Camb., in 1868, 
and was Legal Prizeman and Scholar of his year, 
graduating LL.B. in 1872, LL.M. in 1876, and 
LL.D. in 1890. He was called to the Bar at the 
Middle Temple in 1873, and joined the Supreme 
Com-t Bar as an Advocate in 1874. In 1878 he 
entered the Cape Town Cavalry as Sec. Lieut, 
and later the D.E.O.V.R. Subsequent to 1881 
he was frequently one of the Law Examiners 
at the Cape Univ. In 1882 he was raised to the 
Bench of the Supreme Court and assigned as 
Senior Puisne Judge to the High Court of Griqua- 
land, where he frequently acted as Judge-Presi- 
dent. In 1887 he was assigned to the Court of 
the Eastern Districts, and occasionally acted as 
Judge-President, which office he has held since 
the retirement in 1901 of Sir Jacob D. Barry. In 
1891, during the absence of the Chief Justice from 
the Colony, he occupied the position of Senior 
Puisne Judge in the Supreme Court while Sir 
John Buchanan was Acting Chief Justice. At 
Kimberley he was President of the Agricultvu-al 
Soc, Chairman of the Public Schools, and Presi- 
dent of the Boating Club, which, it is interesting 
to state, rowed their weekly excursion near the 
scene of the great Modder fight. At Grahams- 
town for some time he was Chairman of the 
Public Schools, of the Public Library, and 
President of the Eastern Province Literary and 
Scientific Soc. He has had the honour of being 
the founder of the leading colonial football 
club (which now holds the championship cup) — 
the Villagers F.C. His recreations are driving, 
riding, rowing, fishing. He married Florence, 
dau. of Henry M. Arderne, of the Hill, Claremont, 
in 1878. 

JONES, The Most Rev. William West, 
Archbishop of Cape Town and Metropolitan 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

of the Church of S.A., of Bishop's Court, Clare- 
mont, C.C., and of the Royal Colonial Institute, 
is the son of E. H. Jones. Was born at South 
Hackney, May 11, 1838, and was educated at the 
Merchant Taylors' Sch. and St. John's Coll., 
Oxon. He graduated B.A. 1860, M.A. 1864, 
B.D. 1870, and received the Hon. Degree of D.D. 
1874. He was Fellow of St. John's Coll., Oxon., 
1859; Hon. Fellow, 1895; from 1861 to 1864 he 
was Curate of St. Matthew's, City Road, London ; 
Vicar of S^lnlerstov^^l, Oxon., 1864-74 ; Oxford 
Preacher at Whitehall Chapel, 1870-72; Rural 
Dean of Oxon. 1871-4 ; was consecrated in West- 
minster Abbey, Bishop of Cape Town and Metro- 
politan, 1874 ; Archbishop of Cape Town, 1897. 
He married Emily, dau. of John Allen, of 
Altrincham, Cheshire, in 1879. 

JORDISON, Frank Lloyd, of Bulawayo, 
and of the Bulawayo and Gwelo Clubs, is the son 
of Dr. Robert Jordison, of Hornchurch, Essex. 
He was born July 28, 1866, at Hornchurch, and 
was educated at the Albert Memorial Cottage, 
Framlingham, Suffolk. He left England for 
S.A. in Dec. 1888, and proceeded to Johannes- 
burg, and from there to Bvilawayo in 1894. 
He is one of the pioneers of Rhodesia ; served 
as Lieut, in the '96 Rebellion, and raised the 
Gwelo Troop of the Southern Rhodesia Volun- 
teers, of which he became Capt., resigning his 
commission in July 190.3 (medal). Recreations : 
shooting and all kinds of sports. 

JORRISEN, Dr., acted as Justice of the 
High Court of the S.A.R. during the Kriiger 
regime. He was so violently opposed to the 
Reform movement that he honestly recog- 
nised the impossibility of maintaining an 
impartial attitude, and therefore refused to 
preside over tlie Court at the trial of the 

JOUBERT, Christiaan, was Minister of 
Mines for the Transvaal under the Govt, of the 
S.A.R., and was one of the members of 
the Industrial Commission appointed by the 
Transvaal Govt. 

Sworn evidence was adduced that the attempt 
to " jump " the Ferreira claims had been svig- 
gested by Mr. Joubert himself. 

JURISCH, Carl Heinrtch Leopold Max, 
Surveyor-Gen. of C.C, of Cape Town, is of German 
parentage and was born at Jammi, West Prussia. 
Educated at Orandeny and Berlin. He entered 
the German Army in 1860, was promoted Capt. 

in tlie Royal Artillery in 1871. In the interval 
he fought in the wars of Prussia against Denmark 
(1864), against Austria (1866), and against 
France (1870-1). For his distinguished services 
he received the decoration of the Iron Cross on 
the battlefield of Sedan. In 1872 he went to 
S.A., and obtained (July 1878) the appointment 
of Col. Govt. Land Surveyor ; was appointed 
Acting Examiner of Diagrams, April 1879 ; 
Examiner of Diagrams, July 1882 ; University 
Examiner in Science, 1891 ; Second Asst. 
Survey or- Gen., July 1892 ; First Asst., July 
1897 ; and Surveyor-Gen., Aug. 10, 1902. He 
received the thanks of Lord Kitchener for assist- 
ance rendered in compiling maps during the 
S.A. War of 1899-1902. He married, Sept. 2, 
1872, the Countess Marie Antoinette de Marillac. 

JUST, Hartmann Wolfgang, C.B., C.M.G., 
son of the late Heinrich Just, of Bristol, was 
born in 1854. He was edvicated at Bristol 
Gram. Sch., and Corpus Christi Coll., Oxon. 
He was Private Secy, at the Colonial Office 
to the late Earl of Derby, to Earl Stanley (then 
Col. F. A. Stanley), to the late M. E. Stanhope, 
to Sir Henry Holland (now Lord Knutsford), 
to Sir Geo. Osborne-Morgan and the Marquis of 
Ripon. He subsequently became principal 
clerk in the Colonial Ofifice, and head of the 
S.A. Dept. In 1902 he accompanied Mr. 
Chamberlain on his African tour. He married, 
in 1879, Katherine Francis, dau. of Samuel 

JUTA, Hon. Sir Henry Hubert, M.L.A. for 
Port Elizabeth ; K.C., of Cape Town, was born 
at Cape Town in 1858. He was educated in 
Cape Colony and in England ; was admitted an 
advocate of the Supreme Coiu-t of Cape Colony 
in 1880, and devoted liimself mainly to law 
reporting and Chamber practice. He was also 
formerly Law Examiner at the Cape Univer- 
sity. He was Judge of the High Court of 
Griqualand West ; was appointed a special 
Commissioner in the settlement of the Swazie- 
land difficulties in 1890 ; became Attorney- 
Gen, on Mr. Schreiner's resignation in 1893, but 
resigned that office in September, 1894. From 
1896 to 1898 he was Speaker of the Cape Parlia- 
ment, and he coalesced with the Progi-essive 
Party in the endeavom- to persuade the Colonial 
Secy, to agree to the temporary suspension of the 
Cape Constitution towards the end of the S.A. 
War. He was last returned to the Cape Parlia- 
ment in Feb. 1904, and was offered office in Dr. 
Jameson's Cabinet, which, however, he did not 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


see his way to accept. Sir Henry is a partner 
in the great publishing firm of Juta & Co., of 
Cape Town, and married a dau. Mr. M. M. Tait. 

KEANE, Heney Augustus. F.R.G.S., of 
Aram-Gah (Abode of Peace), 79, Broadhvirst 
Gardens, South Hampstead, N.W., is the son of 
James and Elizabeth Keane, of London. He 
was born in 1835 at Cork, Ireland, and educated 
at his native place, Dublm, Jersey, Rome and 
Hanover. He has devoted liis life chiefly to 
ethnological, philological and geographical 
studies. His principal hfe work has been the 
preparation of a scheme of ethnology in tliree 
parts. The first part deals with fundamental 
problems — antiquity, tmity, cradle dispersion, 
physical and mental characters of man — 
Cambridge University Press, 1896. Part 2, 
mth the main division of mankind — Camb. 
Univ. Press, 1900. He is now engaged upon 
Part 3, which comprises a Universal Anthropo- 
logical A.B.C. with 20,000 entries, of which 
the American section in MS., 5,000 entries is 
completed. His works about Africa include 
" Africa," 2 vokmies, Stanford Series ; " Boer 
States, Law and People" (Methuen) ; "The 
Gold of Ophir, Whence Brought " (Stanford). His 
recreations are walking and poetry. He mar- 
ried, May 24, 1874, the dau. of VVilKam Hearn 
Jacobs, of Chale Abbey, Isle of Wight, sister of 
the late Very Rev. Henry Jacobs, Dean of 
Christchurch N.Z. 

KEKEWICH, Major-Gen. Robert George, 
C.B., of Peamore, Exeter ; and of the Naval 
and Military Club, was born in Devonshire on 
June 17, 1854, and comes of a family which has 
produced many notable nien, including Sir 
George and Mr. Justice Kekewich. He was 
educated at King Edward's Sch., Birmingham, 
and at Marlborough Coll., and joined the Loyal 
North Lancashire Regt. in 1874. Almost 
immediately he found himself in the tented 
field, taking part in the Perak Expedition in 
1875-6 (medal and clasp) ; the Sudan Expedition 
in 1884-5, as D.A.A.G. and D.A.Q.M.G. (Des- 
patches, medal with clasp, bronze star, brevet 
of Maj.) ; the Sudan in 1888, when he was 
at SuakinasBrig.-Maj. and afterwards D.A.A.G. 
of Mounted Troops, and was present at the 
action of Gamaizah (despatches and 4th class 
Medjidieh). When the S.A. War (1899-1902) 
broke out Gen. Kekewich commanded 
Griqualand West and Bechuanaland, and no 
man worked harder than the hero of Kimbei'ley 
in the defence of that town. Lord Roberts 

was of opinion that the greatest credit was due 
to Col. Kekewich for the able dispositions which 
he made for the defence of Kimberlej', an un- 
walled town, spread over a wide area, for his 
rapid organization of an auxiliary force which, 
in conjunction with the regular troops, enabled 
him to keep the enemy in check, and for the 
tact, judgment, and resolution which he dis- 
played throughout the siege. 

After the relief of Ivimberley Gen. Keke^vich 
was given the command of a mobile cokimn, 
and from Feb. 1902 until the end of the opera- 
tions he had command of a group of mobile 
columns. He was severely wounded at the 
action of Moedwill and in recognition of his 
various distingviished services he was several 
times mentioned in despatches ; received the 
brev. of Col., was afterwards promoted Maj.- 
Gen., and decorated with the C.B. and the 
Queen's medal with two clasps and the King's 
medal with two clasps. But among his most 
valued souvenirs of the war is a handsome 
sword presented to him by the inhabitants of 
Kimberley. The scabbard is emblazoned with 
uncut Kimberley diamonds, and the General's 
arras, pictures of the conning tower at Kimberley, 
and the charge of his own regt.^the Loyal 
North Lancashires. General Kekewich retired 
from the Army in 1904. He is not married. 

KENNA, Maj. Paul Aloysius, V.C, D.S.O., 
at present serving in Somaliland, was born in 
1862 ; is second son of Jas. Kenna ; was edu- 
cated at Stonj'hurst, and entered the 21st 
Lancers. He served in the Sudan in 1898, 
and tliroughout the late S.A. Campaign, com- 
manding a column from Dec. 1901 to the end 
of the war. From Dec. 1902 he has been in 
command of mounted troops of the Somali 
Field Force with the local rank of Lieut. -Col. 
In addition to the V.C. and D.S.O. he possesses 
the Royal Humane Soc. Certificate for saving 
life (June 1895) ; for several years he headed the 
list of gentlemen riders in India, and has 
played in his regimental polo team for 14 years. 
Major Kenna married, in 1895, Lady Cecil 
Bertie, third dau. of the Earl of Abingdon. 

KESSLER, Leopold, of 9, Hanover Square, 
W., and of the Rand Club, Johannesburg, was 
born in the mining district of Upper Silesia, is 
the son of a manufacturer and mine owner. He 
was educated at Berlin and the Royal Saxon 
Mining Coll., Freiberg, where he graduated 
as mining engineer. The anti-semitic feeling in 
Germany cauesd him to leave that country. In 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

1890 he accompanied as mining engineer an ex- 
pedition through Matabeleland, where he re- 
mained until 1892, when he left for the Witwaters- 
rand, acting there as Consulting Engineer for 
several financial houses. With the exception of 
some intervals, during which he inspected mines 
of other countries, and led an exploring expedi- 
tion through Arabia Petraea, he has resided in 
Johannesburg ever since. He is the author of 
" Valuation Plans of the Witwatersrand Gold- 
fields " (Edward Stanford, 1902). 

KESTELL Rev. J. D. Took part in the 
war of 1899-02 as Chaplain to Gen. De Wet. 
He was captured by the British, and was de- 
tained in their camp dm'ing the action at Gras- 
pan, when it was alleged by the Continental 
Press that the British placed Boer women in 
front as cover to their troops. Mr. Kestell es- 
caped and attended Mr. Steyn on his wanderings 
from place to place dxiring the late stages of the 
war. He also acted as one of the Secretaries 
at the Peace Conference at Vereeniging. His 
book " Through Shot and Flame," needless to 
say, contains not even a hint of the Graspan 
incident referred to above. 

KILPIN, Ernest Ftjlleb, C.M.G. (1901); 
J.P. ; Clerk of the House of Assembly of the 
Cape of Good Hope ; of Linford, Kenilworth, 
near Cape Town, and of the Civil Service Club, 
C.T. ; was born in Reading, May 5, 1854, 
being the only son of the Rev. S. W. Kilpin, 
who died Aug. 6, of the same year. He was 
educated at private schools in Weymouth and 
Reading, and entered the Cape Civil Service in 
London in 1874, being shortly placed in charge 
of the West of England and South Wales Dis- 
trict for the purpose of obtaining and forwarding 
to the Cape large niunbers of the artizans re- 
quired for the construction of public works. 
In 1876 he went to Cape Town as Private Secy, 
to the late Sir Charles Mills, then Under-Colonial 
Secy., and when Sir Gordon Sprigg first took 
office (Feb. 8, 1878) diu-ing the Kafir War, he 
sent for Mr. Kilpin to join him on the frontier 
as his Private Secy. For some months he 
resided in King William's Town, and organized 
and carried on there a Colonial Secy's. Office 
in miniatiu-e. During the next two years 
Mr. liilpin accompanied Sir Gordon Sprigg 
on many tours of inspection through the 
Colony ; attended him during the negotiations 
in Kimberley in regard to the annexation of 
Griqualand West to the Cape, and was with 
him at the great Disarmament Pitso in Basuto- 

land, and at tlie siege of Morosi's Mo\mtain. 
In 1886 he was appointed Clerk- Assistant of the 
House of Assenably, and was elected Clerk of 
the House in 1897. When Sir Thomas Scanlen 
was Prime Minister in 1883 he obtained Mr. 
Kilpin' s services as Priv. Secy, for a visit to 
Basutoland in the effort to secure a satisfactory 
settlement of that territory, which at that time 
was annexed to the Cape. He has been Secy, 
of the following Cape Govt. Commissions : 
Dorthesia, 1877 ; War ExpenditLU-e, 1881 ; 
Liesbeek Municipality, 1883 ; Diamond Laws, 
1887 ; Liquor Laws, 1889 ; Lighthouses, 1890 ; 
Fisheries, 1892; Scab, 1893; Defence, 1896. 
He was Secy, of the Imperial British and 
German Joint Commission on Angra Pequena 
and West Coast Claims in 1885, for which in- 
quiry H.M.S. Sylvia was specially detached 
and fitted up, proceeding up the coast as far as 
Walfisch Bay. He has been Examiner in Short- 
hand under the Cape Civil Service Commissioners 
since that paper was first set in 1889 ; is pro- 
prietor and Editor of the " Cape Civil Service 
List," which he instituted in 1885 ; author of 
the "Parliamentary Agent's Manual (Cape) 
1902," and is a J.P. for the whole Colony. 
He married, in 1880, Augusta (Ladv of the 
Royal Red Cross, 1902), dau. of" G. W. 
Pilkington, of Cape Town. 

KING, Thomas Burnham, M.L.A., was re- 
tiu-ned vmopposed to the Cape Parliament as 
Progressive Member for Victoria East (C.C.) in 
Nov. 1902, and was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

KING, William Joseph Harding, B.A., 
F.R.G.S., M.R.A.S., of Wollescote Hall, near 
Stourbridge, was born at Chiu"chill Court, near 
Kidderminster, April 28, 1869. He is the 
eldest son of the late Wm. Hartley King and 
Louisa, dau. of Benjamin Harding, of Wad- 
hiu-st Castle, Sussex. He was educated at 
Newton Abbot Coll. and Jesus Coll., Camb.,and 
at the Middle Temple. In 1900 he made an 
expedition into the Sahara, publishing in 1903 
an account of the journey in a paper to the 
Royal Geographical Society Jovu-nal, and after- 
wards in book form imder the title of " A Search 
for the Masked Tawareks." 

IvIRK, Sib John, G.C.M.G., K.C.B., of 
Wavertree, Sevenoaks, Kent, and of the 
Athenseum Club, is the son of the Rev. John 
Kirk ; was born Nov. 1832, at Barry, Forfar- 
shire, and was educated at the Edinburgh Univ., 
where he graduated LL.D. He is also D.C.L. 

Anglo-x\frican Who's Who 


Oxon., Sc.D. Camb., and M.D. Edin. Sir 
John Kirk served diiring the Crimean War in 
Asia Minor. He was Chief Officer under the 
Foreign Office in Dr. Livingstone's second 
Expedition, and with the great traveller ex- 
plored and mapped the Zambesi from the coast 
to the Victoria Falls, and discovered Lake 
Nyassa, 1858-1864. He was appointed H.M. 
Vice-Consul at Zanzibar in 1866, and Indian 
Assist. Political Agent at Zanzibar, 1868, 
Political Agent to the Viceroy of India at 
Zanzibar, 1873 ; H.M. Consiil-Gen. 1873, and 
H.M. Agent and Consul-Gen. 1880. He was 
British Plenipotentiary to the African Con- 
ference at Brussels, 1889 ; British Delegate at 
Brussels to fix the tariffs under the Brussels 
Act, 1890 ; Member of Commission to revise the 
Slave Trade Instructions, 1891 ; and H.M. 
Commissioner to inquire into disturbances on 
the Niger, 1895. Sir John Kirk is Chairman of 
the Uganda Railway Committee, of which he 
was first appointed a member in 1895. He is 
also a Director of the Niger Co. He married in 
1867, Helen Cooko, Gold Medallist of the Royal 
Geographical Society. 

KIRK, Lieut. J. W. C, B.A. (Camb.), of the 
Junior United Service Club, was born at Zanzi- 
bar ; is son of Sir John Kirk, K.C.B. (q. v.) ; 
was educated at Marlborough Coll. and King's 
Coll., Camb. Entering the Duke of Cornwall's 
L.I. he proceeded to S.A. and served throughout 
the war ; was wounded at Paardeberg (des- 
patches, Queen's medal, four clasps, and King's 
medal). Transferring to the 6th Battn. King's 
African Rifles he served in the M.I. in Somali- 
land (1903). He is the author of a gi-ammar 
of the Somali Language. 

KIRKMAN, Hon. Thomas, M.L.C, F.R.M.S., 
of Croftlands, Equeefa, Natal, and of the Micro- 
scopical Chib (Lond.) and the Victoria Club, 
(Maritzburg), is second son of the late Rev. T. P. 
Kirkman, M.A., F.R.S., of The Croft, near 
Warrington, Lanes. , where he was born Dec. 22, 
1843. He was edticated at Rossall Sch., and 
went to Natal with his brother John, in 1868, 
settling on a Govt, land grant in Alexandra 
County. He was elected to represent his county 
in the Legislative Assembly on responsible 
government being granted to the Colony in 1 893, 
and was returned to the Legislative Council in 
1 898. For fourteen years Mr. Kirkman has served 
in the Volunteer force, seeing active service for 
eight months in the Zulu War, 1878-79. He takes 

an interest in coffee planting and microscopical 
studies, and was elected a Fellow of the 
Royal Microscopical Soc. in 1898. He is un- 

KITCHIN, Joseph, of Beckenham, Kent, 
was born at Croydon, Surrey, on Dec. 18, 1870, 
and is therefore still a young man. After 
leaving school at the early age of 14^ years, ho 
followed the occupations of shorthand writer, 
reporter and journaHst. Early in Johannes- 
burg's fife he became attracted by the progress 
of the world's premier goldfield ; he made a 
systematic collection and study of information 
relating to Rand mining, and prepared much 
statistical matter, which was published in seven 
or eight newspapers, one in Johannesburg, 
another in Paris, and the rest in London. After 
commencing the preparation of a work dealing 
with the history and position of S. A. 
COS., he decided, instead of publishing 
a book of his own, to co-operate with Mr. C. S. 
Goldmann in his work on " South African 
Mining and Finance," a three-volume work which 
saw the light in Nov. 1895. In September, 
1895, he gave up his scattered journalistic 
contributions in order to become the Mining 
Editor of the " African Review," a position 
which he resigned in May, 1897, in order to 
enter the service of A. Goerz & Co., Ltd., 
taking charge of that Company's Intelligence 
Dept. in London. In 1899 he paid a six 
months' visit to Johannesbtu-g in the interest 
of the Company, and before returning to Eng- 
land accomplished some 3500 miles of travelling 
in the sub-Continent, visiting Pretoria, Belfast, 
Barberton, Lourengo Marques, Durban, Cape 
Town and Kimberley, and gaining a consider- 
able insight into the actual working of the 
mining industry. In Sept. 1899, he was ap- 
pointed a second Manager of the Company 
in London, and in the spring of 1901 he became 
sole Manager in London. He has now served 
the Goerz Corporation for seven years, at fu-st 
vinder the late Mr. Adolf Goerz and latterly 
tmder Mr. Henry Strakosch, the two Managing 
Directors who took up residence in the Metro- 
polis. Since the commencement (on a very 
modest scale) of his business career he has never 
looked back and has consistently moved for- 
ward. He is a hard worker, and dabbles a Httle 
in science. He takes great interest in all that 
affects the gold mining industry, though being 
of a somewhat retiring nature he does not come 
much into public view. On January 1, 1892, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

he married Marianne, dau. of John Henry Davy, 
of Hastings. 

KLIMKE, Joseph, Ex-State Mining En- 
gineer of the late S.A.R., a Knight of the French 
Legion of Honour, Knight of the Prussian Red 
Eagle, Third Class, Commander of the Portu- 
guese " Nossa Senhora da Conceigao de Villa 
Vigosa," of which latter order he wears the Star ; 
was born Oct. 5, 1849 in Upper Silesia, 
Germany, and is the son of a small farmer. 
After tending a two years' course at a college 
in his native country, he entered at the age of 
twenty the profession of mining. Left to his 
own resources he did two years' manual work 
as a miner and mechanic in coal and metal 
mines. At the end of this period he obtained 
two years' instruction at a mining school, 
and therefore he received tliree more years' 
training in engineering and mine surveying 
offices. After being admitted as Govt. 
Mine Svuveyor, he practised a short time and 
then took up an appointment as captain of a 
zinc and lead ore mine. In 1880 he was ap- 
pointed manager of a gold mining company 
in Guayana, Venezuela. On arriving in S. 
Ainerica he vigorously devoted himself to 
attaining a knowledge of the Spanish language 
and the local conditions of the country. Shortly 
after his arrival he removed to the adjoining 
El Callao gold field. He acquired from the 
Univ. of Caracas the diploma of Civil Engineer, 
and was subsequently instructed to draw up the 
working plans for the once famous El Callao 
and other adjacent mines. In 1887 he re- 
turned to Evu:-ope, but after a very brief stay he 
went on a tour of inspection to the Transvaal, 
arriving there in Feb., 1889, about the close 
of the first boom. Anticipating a great future 
for the Rand he settled at Johannesburg as 
Consulting Engineer, and was appointed in 
Sept. 1891 by the Govt, as State Mining 
Engineer. At that time the position did not 
carry much power or responsibility, but seeing 
that with the rapid development of the mines 
the number of accidents increased at such a 
serious rate he undertook to draw up the ne- 
cessary rules and regulations for the Govt's 
supervision of all mining operations, 
and over all boilers and machinery, and to 
establish a proper technical mining depart- 
ment. Hitherto, the Mining Dept. had 
confined itself to the carrying out of the pro- 
visions of the Gold Law, consisting chiefly in the 
disposal of mineral lands and water rights, and 
receiving the taxes from the proclaimed gold 

fields. The conflicting interests, however, of the 
various parties of the mining public, and the 
opposition of the Govt, itself and the Volksraad 
to every new measure from which no direct 
pecuniary returns were derived, made it a 
difficult task to obtain the object in view. 
After several years of ceaseless effort, however, 
he succeeded in obtaining the Volksraad' s 
sanction to the Mining Regulations and the 
Boiler Law in their latest forms. Since those 
two bills came in force the use of the metric 
system in place of the old measures and weights 
was legalized as far as his department was con- 
cerned. At the beginning of the war he was on 
leave of absence in Europe when all the mines 
stopped working. Some of these were mmie- 
diately restarted by officials of his department. 
Wlien in the early days of Feb. 1900 ru- 
mours reached Europe expressing fear that the 
mines might be blown up by the Boers he re- 
turned immediately to the Transvaal, and it is 
stated that he arrived just at the time when 
with the consent of the Govt, and by the 
order of his representative bore-holes made 
in some of the working shafts to prepare for 
their eventual destruction. Being convinced 
that wanton destruction of this character was 
very ill advised he immediately had these holes 
filled up. In the meantime as much gold as 
possible had been extracted. The Govt, 
however had failed to pay a portion of the work- 
ing cost, while indebtedness to an enormous 
extent had been incurred for supplies with 
various commercial houses of Johannesbui'g. 
He vigorously pressed the Govt, for an 
immediate settlement of these accounts, and 
took measures to put the produced gold under 
proper control. As a result of this he was sus- 
pended from service, but permitted to retiu'n 
to Europe. Since that time he has been living 
in Germany and in London, but as an ex-burgher 
of the late republic it is understood that he 
intends to settle later on at Johannesburg. At 
the end of 1903 he was summoned to Turkey, 
on professional business, in connection with the 
Govt, of that country. 

KOCK, Antonie Franqois, is the son of the 
late Gen. J. H. M. Kock, and grandson of 
Com. J. H. L. Kock. His grandfather, who 
was one of the Boer Pioneers (Voortrekkers), 
fought against the English under Warren at 
Boomplaats. His father. Gen. Kock, acted 
before the annexation of the Transvaal to the 
British in 1877 as Member of the Volksraad, 
and in the war of 1880-81 he acted as Vecht- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Gen. over the District of Potchefstroom. 
Advocate Kock was born at Bronkhurstfontein 
District, Potchefstroom, Sept. 20, 1869. He was 
educated at Potchefstroom and Pretoria. In 
1885 he took the Republican Scholarship at 
Pretoria, and was sent to the Netherlands, where 
he attended the Gymnasiam at Doetinchem. 
As the scholarship was subject to certain re- 
strictions his father renounced it, giving his 
son a free hand. In 1891 he went to Scotland, 
and during his stay there he revived the S.A. 
Union at Edinburgh. At that time he was 
endeavouring to establish a Union of all South 
Africans in Europe. After remaining seven 
months in Edinburgh he went to London, where, 
in 1892, he was admitted as a student of the 
Middle Temple. He was called to the English 
Bar, and after a short visit to Paris he went to 
Delagoa Bay in June 1895, and attended the 
inauguration of the Delagoa Baj^ Railway as 
Member of the Festivities Committee. He was 
admitted as Advocate, after an examination 
in the Local Laws of the Transvaal, to the High 
Coiu-t of the S.A.R. On June 8, 1897, he was 
appointed a Puisne Judge of the S.A.R. Among 
other well known cases he defended Col. Ferreira, 
who was tried for having " maliciously, wrong- 
fully and illegally pegged off the property " 
of J. B. Robinson at Randfontein. He secured 
the acquittal of the colonel. He made himself 
notorious at the trial of Constable Jones (over- 
which he presided) for the murder of the Eng- 
lishman Edgar, by declaring when he discharged 
the prisoners with a verdict of not guilty " that 
he hoped that the police under difficult cir- 
cumstances would always know how to do 
their duty." In the troublovis political times 
before the war he showed himself an uncom- 
promising opponent of the British. 

At the meeting of burghers at Paardekraal, 
Krugersdrorp, to discuss the coming war, he 
addressed the burghers urging them to main- 
tain their rights as an independent Republic 
against Great Britain. At the outbreak of 
the war he accompanied his father, who was 
appointed Assist. Comdt. Gen., and was present 
at Elandslaagte, and with him when he 
was mortally wovmded. A few months later 
he joined Assist. Comdt. Lucas Meyer. After 
being with the Boers before Ladysmith 
for some time he went with Gen. Meyer to 
Colenso, and during the battle of Spion Kop 
he was in command at Colenso, reinforcing 
the Spion Kop position with about 1,500 
burghers, and at the same time kept the 
British at bay at Colenso and the lower part 

of the Tugela River. After remaining three 
months he left Colenso on leave for Pretoria, 
and was in that city during the retreat of the 
burgher forces from Colenso and Ladysmith. 
He there arranged, in conjimction, it is said, 
with State Secy. Reitz, to destroy the mines and 
meet the British on their ruins. He was pre- 
vented from doing this, and was arrested by 
Dr. Krause on June 2, who in making the 
arrest asserted that he acted vmder instruc- 
tions of Commdt. Gen. Louis Botha. After 
being confined in a fort he was taken under 
armed escort to Pretoria, and was lodged in a 
room on the racecoiu'se amongst about 5,000 
English prisoners of war. He was released 
after narrowly falling into the hands of Lord 
Roberts, and went to join the forces round 
Pretoria, where he was slightly wounded in the 
leg. Retreating with the burghers he arrived 
at Machadodorp, where as President of Courts- 
Martial he tried the Cooper case, at Machado- 
dorp, where the prisoner was sentenced to be 
shot for having blown up a railway bridge with 
dynamite on the Delagoa line, causing the 
death of a night-watch ; and the case of Pienaar, 
a Boer Comdt., who was sentenced to six 
months' imprisonment with hard labour at 
Nelspruit, for attempted fraud on the Trans- 
vaal Govt. Proceeding to Delagoa Baj', 
after an attempt upon his life, he was arrested 
by the Portuguese authorities, lodged in a 
fort for three days, and then requested to leave 
the bay for Europe. He went to Paris and met 
Pres. Kriiger. He then visited the Boer prison- 
ers of war at Portugal, and subsequently made 
several attempts to get back to the scene of war 
in S. A. and finally succeeded. He was, 
however, captured by the British and locked 
up for ten weeks, when he was tried as a rebel 
spy. He was found guilty and sentenced to be 
shot, but acquitted on a legal point raised by 
him and upheld by the State Attorney at Pre- 
toria. He was thereupon banished for life, 
but succeeding in escaping and making his way 
up country as far as Estcourt. He then went 
to Pretoria and surrended himself under the 
terms of surrender, but he was again arrested 
and lodged in the Artillery Camp. He finally 
took the oath of allegiance and was liberated. 
He is at present practising as an Advocate in 
Johannesburg and editing the newspaper " De 

KOHLER, Chablks William Henry, J. P., 
of Riverside, Paarl, C.C., and of the City Club, 
C.T., is the eldest son of William Kohler, Archi- 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

tect, and Mary Fletcher Hutchinson. He was 
born Oct. 14, 18G2, at Calvinia, C.C, and edu- 
cated at Mr. Close's Sch. and (the Rev. 
Hole's) Trinity Coll , C.T. Mr. Kohler was one 
of the earliest pioneers of Johannesburg ; he was 
Chairman of the Aurora G.M., Co.; Managing 
Director of the Unified G.M. Co, ; Chairman of 
the Paarl Pretoria Co., and Director of the 
Langlaagte United Co, 1888-89. He purchased 
Riverside in 1890, and has since carried on wine 
farming very successfully. Mr. Kohler stood 
for the Legislative Assembly for Stellenbosch in 
1895, but retired on nomination day. He was 
nominated by Stellenbosch, Somerset West, etc., 
to contest a seat for the Cape Legislative Coun- 
cil, Aug. 1903. He is a Member of the Cape 
Board of Horticulture, and was a Lieut, in the 
Paarl D.M.T. in 1901. 

KOTZE, John Gilbebt, LL.B., K.C, was 
born at Leeuwenhof, C.T. on Nov. 5, 1849. 
He is the youngest son of the late P. J. 
Kotz6, who was Member for C.T. in the 
House of Assembly, and was twice Major of 
that city. Judge Kotze was educated at 
the S.A. Coll. ; took the degree of LL.B. 
at the London Univ. in Jan. 1873, and was 
called to the Bar by the Honourable 
Society of the Inner Temple on April 30, 
1874. He practised at the Bar of the Supreme 
Court, C.T., and of the Eastern Districts 
Court at Grahamstown ; was appointed Judge 
of the High Court of the Transvaal Pro- 
vince during the period of Bi'itish annexation 
on May 19, 1877, which appointment he held 
vmtil the retrocession of the country in Aug., 
1881 ; was appointed one of the Commissioners 
rnider the Pretoria Convention to investigate 
and compensate claims for losses and 
injiu-ies sustained during the first Boer War, 
and became Chief Justice of the late S.A.R., 
August 9, 1881. He was Chairman of the Board 
of Examiners in Literature and Science of that 
State from 1890-98, and was created a Knight 
Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate 
Conception by H.M. the King of Portugal in 
May 1896, in recognition of his services in the 
late Transvaal Republic. In consequence of 
his judgment in the case of Brown v. Leyds, 
in which he held that a Volksraad resolution 
could not override the Grondwet or Constitu- 
tion of the country, and because he refused 
to renounce the right of testing the proceedings 
of the Executive and Volksraad by reference 
to the Grondwet, he was summarily and 
illegally dismissed from office as Chief Justice 

by ex-Pres. ELriiger in Feb. 1898. He was 
appointed Attorney-Gen. of Southern Rho- 
desia with a seat in the Executive and Legis- 
lative Councils of that territory, Aug. 1900 ; 
acted as Administer of Southern Rhodesia 
during the absence of Sir WilKam Milton, 
K.C.M.G. from May to Oct. 1902 ; and was 
appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of the 
Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, April 15, 
1903. Mr. Kotze, together with the late Mr. 
Frederick Jeppe, edited the Transvaal Statute 
Book 1845-1885. He has also edited three 
volumes of reports of cases decided by the 
High Court at Pretoria 1877-88, and has trans- 
lated into English, from the original Dutch, 
Simon Van Leeuwen's Commentaries on Roman 
Dutch Law in 2 vols, royal 8vo. He married, 
in 1872, Mary Aurelia, da\i. of the late Daniel 
Bell of Milton House, Clapham, Surrey. 

KRIGE, Gideon Johannes, M.L.A., re- 
presents the electoral division of Stellenbosch 
in the Cape House of Assembly to whicli he 
was last re-elected in the Bond interest in Feb. 

KRUGER, Stephanus Johannes Paultjs, 
ex-Pres. of the S.A.R., was born Oct. 
10, 1825, in the Colesberg District of the 
C.C. He was reared in a hard school, 
his rough training on the veld, during 
which his life often depended on his readi- 
ness of resom*ce, presence of mind and 
physical strength, early in life endowed hira 
with those qualities of self-reliance and resource 
which were to prove so useful to him in his 
later years. His boyhood was spent in the 
manner familiar to the Boers of the early days 
— farming, hunting, and trekking. There were 
no facilities for his receiving any scholastic 
training, and even now he has added nothing to 
his natural sagacity by book-reading. Such 
as it was, however, Paul Kriiger's early training 
encouraged those characteristics which enabled 
him to lead the movement which wrested the 
control of the Transvaal from the most for- 
midable empire the world has yet seen, and to 
hold his own for years in the face of opposition 
before which the boldest might well have quailed. 
At the age of ten he accompanied his father on 
the great trek in search of a new country where 
they might settle, imtrammelled by the re- 
strictions of civilized government. At that 
time the territory lying between the Vaal and 
the Limpopo rivers was being raided by Mosili- 
katsi, a Zulu sub-chief who had seceded from 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


the main body of his nation with a large number 
of followers, and young Kriiger — then a lad 
of twelve years — saw his first active service 
iinder Comdt. Potgeiter. Soon after Mr. 
Kriiger served imder Comdt. Pretorius in the 
operations against Dingaan, and was present at 
the desperate fight which took place at the 
Blood River on Dec. 16, 1838, where the few 
Boers gained a great victory which it has been 
their custom to celebrate every year since then. 
He also took part in the primitive expedition 
against MosiUkatsi in 1839. 

In 1841 Mr. Ivriiger became a Field Cornet. 
In 1852 he was appointed Comdt. of the 
Districts of Pretoria and Potchefstroom, and 
in 1856 he began to make for himself a position 
in local politics, associating himself with Gen. 
Pretorius in his attempt to join the three inde- 
pendent communities of Lydenburg, Zout- 
pansberg, and Potchefstroom under one Govt., 
with a new Volksraad, constitution, and capital 
in Potchefstroom. Pretorius also sought to 
absorb the O.F.S., and demanded in the 
Volksraad at Bloemfontein that the adminis- 
tration of the O.F.S. should be handed over 
to him. Being ordered to leave the coun- 
try, however, he returned to the Transvaal, 
collected an army, and marched with it back 
to the Free State, but was met on the banks of 
the Rhenoster River by Free State forces. A 
conference was afterwards held, and Pretorius 
bound himself not again to enter the O.F.S. 
without permission of its Govt. Many Free 
Staters who had joined the northern invaders 
were then tried for high treason, and it is on 
record how their sentences were reduced to 
nominal fines owing to the solicitations of 
Messrs. ELriiger and Steyn. As a matter of 
interest in showing the trend of Mr. Kriiger's 
character in those first days of his public 
career, the Pres. of the Free State, referring 
to this invasion, stated in the Raad that he had 
proof that the raiders had made a hideous 
complot with the Basutos under Mosheshto join 
in the attack against the Orange Republic. 

In 1862 Mr. Kriiger became Comdt. -Gen., 
and was elected a member of the Executive 

Some years later (1877) he promised Pres. 
Bvirgers his support on the question of the 
inevitable annexation of the Transvaal, but 
Mr. Kriiger secretly prompted the resistance 
of the irreconcilables, and eventually (May 
1877) left for England with Dr. Jorrisen to pro- 
test against the measure. But it was not 
thought that either member of the commission 

really wished the Act of Annexation to be an- 
nulled. In fact on returning to the Transvaal 
they both took office vmder the British Govt., 
Mr. Kriiger only relinquishing his post owing 
to the refusal of the Govt, to increase his re- 

After the Convention of 1881 Mr. Kriiger us 
Vice-Pres. formed one of the tritunvirate in 
whom the Govt, was vested, but in 1882 the old 
form was restored and he was elected Pres. of 
the Transvaal State. From this time Mr. 
Kriiger's history is the history of the Trans- 
vaal. His policy soon began to declare itself. 
In that year the first of many laws was passed 
extending the term of residence for aliens to 
qualify for naturalisation from one to five years. 
Soon followed the granting of monopolies, the 
agitation for the removal of the Suzerainty and 
freedom in their external relations, whilst he 
also looked around for new countries to be 
acquired. Thus Mr. Kriiger's Govt, annexed 
Mafeking and part of Bechuanaland until the 
Warren Expedition caused a retreat ; part of 
Zululand was taken over, and hungry eyes were 
turned towards Swaziland (the cession of 
which we ultimately permitted). In 1890-91 
an expedition was sent to Chartered territory, 
but was appropriately turned back at Rhodes' 
Drift. Tongaland was also coveted. Mean- 
while in 1884 the Pres. and Mr. Smit proceeded 
to Europe to endeavour to obtain some modifica- 
tion of the Convention and to raise much 
needed funds, in both of which they were only 
partially successful. But the discovery of gold 
at Moodies in 1 885-6, and on the Witwatersrand 
later, brought revenue to the country, which 
enabled Mr. Kriiger to pursue his schemes 
without remedying the ill-condition of the 
Govt., or providing for the large population 
which began to flock into the country, and 
without allowing it, after reasonable residence, 
a participation in the management of State or 
even Municipal ai^airs. Political agitation for 
reforms, improved ways of commimication, 
remission of taxes, security of titles, etc., gave 
birth to the Transvaal Republican Union of 
Johannesburg. The Witwatersrand Chamber 
of Mines was also formed partly to protect 
shareholders' interests, and for eight years this 
Chamber pleaded to the Volksraad for reforms 
and representation. But JMr. Kriiger remained 
obdurate. Legislation was passed making this 
practically an impossibility to the then living 
generation of Uitlanders who had taken up their 
residence in the RepubUc. Railways were kept 
out of the country as long as possible, and then 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

construction was only permitted tinder such 
terins as were granted under the Netherlands 
Railway and Selati Railway concessions, in 
which connection it may be mentioned that the 
Selati Railway Co., in order to obtain its con- 
cession, had to pay bribes or make presents to 
many members and of3ficials of the First Volks- 
raad. The dynamite concession was another 
iniquitous burden upon the industry which had 
built up the fortunes of the country. Pres. 
Kriiger resolvitely set himself against miti- 
gating the abuses which these concerns im- 
posed upon the legitimate industries on the 
Transvaal. It is true that he secured the 
Raad's cancellation of the latter concession, 
but in a few months it was renewed in a still 
more obnoxious form. 

In 1888 Mr. Ivi-iiger was re-elected Pres. 
without much opposition. Gen. Joubert re- 
ceiving but few votes, but in 1893 he onlv 
defeated the General by 7,881 votes to 7,009. 
About this time Mr. I^iiger's control over 
affairs appeared to be none too sure. Accord- 
ingly, in defiance of the Grondwet (Constitu- 
tion) he appointed Mr. Koch, the Landdrost and 
Polling Officer of Potchefstroom, who had con- 
trived the defeat of Mr. Esselen at the late 
election. Minute Keeper to the Executive with 
the right to vote, which, with the President's 
casting vote, assured the latter the predominant 
voice in the council. His position thus strength- 
ened, the Pres. turned his attention to other 
matters, endeavouring, not without some 
success, to subordinate justice in the courts 
to the requirements of his government, cur- 
tailing the liberty of the Press, and withholding 
the right of public meetings and political or- 
ganization. However, the attempt to wrest 
from the High Court the decision in the cyanide 
case while still sub judice miscarried ; tlae en- 
deavour to deprive the mines of their Bewaar- 
platsen rights only failed after the Minister of 
Mines had, on his owti responsibiUty, issued 
the claim licenses, and so forced the Volksraad 
to face the issue of confirming or reversing his 
action — an alternative which the Govt, could 
not afford. 

Meanwhile Mr. Esselen had accepted the 
State Attorneyship for a short period, during 
which he brought about great reforms in the 
detective and police departments, and his 
activity in putting down the illicit liquor traffic 
amongst the natives was so pronounced that 
back-door influence was not long in making his 
office untenable. Dr. Coster, a Hollander, 
succeeded him and was found more amenable 

to the Pretorian oligarchy. Laws were passed 
in defiance of the provisions of the Grondwet, 
and were made retro-active, and on several 
occasions the Pres. and Executive forced re- 
versals of the decisions of the High Court. 
Affairs were in tliis condition when, late in 1895, 
reform was despaired of by ordinary methods, 
and a resort to force was freely talked of as a 
last resource. A Reform party was organized, 
vmder the presidency of Mr. Charles Leonard, 
and eventually the active assistance of the 
capitalist element was won over to the move- 
ment. Dr. Jameson was detained on the 
western border of the RepubUc by Mr. Rhodes's 
orders as moral support, and to come to assist- 
ance in case of urgent necessity, but so quiet 
were the preparations that even ]Mr. Kriiger did 
not realize the length to which matters had 
gone. When at length old Hans Botha warned 
the Pres. of the danger, he replied in his charac- 
teristic way that "if they wanted to kill a tor- 
toise they must wait until he put his head out 
of the shell." Meanwhile he received several 
deputations to induce him to make reasonable 
concessions, and then Mr. Ivriiger's plan of 
procrastination began to reach a height which 
had never previously been attained. He would 
promise nothing, but said that he would do his 
best to see that duties on food stuffs were re- 
moved pending confirmation by the Volksraad ; 
that equal subsidies would be granted to Eng- 
lish as to Dutch schools, and that the Nether- 
lands Railway would be approached with a 
view to the reduction of rates, but that it was 
impossible to grant the franchise to the Uit- 
lander. The leaders, however, could have no 
faith in these assurances, and matters were 
hastened by Dr. Jameson crossing the border, 
on Dec. 29, notwithstanding his distinct orders 
to the contrary. The following night Pres. 
ELriiger, recognizing that the brealdng point 
was nearly reached, issued a proclamation warn- 
ing persons from disturbing the peace, and 
stating that the Govt, was prepared to consider 
grievances without delay. Delegates of both 
parties met in fact in Pretoria, but their de- 
liberations resulted in nothing further than the 
Boer members having procured a full list of 
members of the Committee ; the Uitlander 
delegates were handed copy of a resolution 
stating that the High Commissioner's inter- 
vention had been accepted, and that the grie- 
vances would be earnestly considered. The 
surrender of Dr. Jameson's force followed hard 
upon this, but the Pres. thought that he had 
still to reckon with 20,000 armed Uitlanders in 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Johannesburg, and although the doctor's sur- 
render was accepted conditionally upon all 
lives being spared, he proceeded to let it be 
known that the doctor's life depended absolutely 
upon all arms being laid down in Johannesburg, 
at the same time stating to the High Com- 
missioner that disarmament must be precedent 
to any discussion of grievances. Accordingly 
all arms were surrendered in good faith frona 
Jan. 6 to 8, and on the following day Pres. 
Kritger's '* Forgive and Forget " policy was 
inaugiorated by the Reformers to the number of 
over sixty being arrested, tried, and found 
guilty of high treason, the fovir leaders being 
condemned to death and the others to finas of 
£2,000 each, two years' imprisonment and three 
years' banishment. Soon after these sentences 
were pronounced Govt, agents were at work 
trying to persuade the Committee to petition in 
humiliating terms to the " proved magnanimity 
of the Govt. " ; and to make statements impli- 
cating one another for their compUcity in the 
revolutionary movement, and so on. Mean- 
while the gaol treatment was telling severely 
upon the prisoners, one of whom had already 
died by his own hand. On May 20, ten were 
liberated, and most of the other sentences were 
commuted to lesser terms of imprisonment, but 
so great was the feeling growing throughout 
the country against Mr. Kriiger's " Cat and 
Mouse " treatment that monster petitions, 
headed by two hundred S.A. mayors, at 
last (May 30) effected the release of all the 
prisoners (with the exception of Messrs. Woolls- 
Sampson and Davies and the four leaders) 
conditionally on the fines being paid and each 
binding himself not to meddle in the internal or 
external politics of the State for tlu-ee years. 
After much bargaining with the leaders, Mr. 
Kriiger liberated the latter on payment of a fine 
of £25,000 each and an undertaking not to 
meddle in politics for fifteen years. 

Negotiations went on in a desultory way. 
An Industrial Commission of Inquiry was 
appointed by the Executive at the President's 
request, and a mass of sworn evidence was taken. 
In the report which followed numerous recom- 
mendations were made with the end in view 
of prospering the industries of the State and 
benefiting the country as a whole, but Mr. 
Blriiger declined to adopt the recommendations, 
and even charged the chairman of the committee, 
Mr. Schalk Burger, with being a traitor to his 
country for having put his name to such a 
report. Ultimately nothing was done of any 
benefit to the Uitlander interests involved, and 

it became apparent that little was to be gained 
by British diplomacy. Mr. liriiger, who was 
elected Pres. of the S.A.R. for the fourth and 
last time in Feb. 1898, was hurr3^ng armaments 
into the Transvaal to such an extent that it was 
necessary to reinforce the British garrison in S.A. 
The climax was reached when the Pres. de- 
livered the ultimatum in Oct. 1899 which brought 
on the S.A. War, through the early part of which 
he remained in the [country, urging and en- 
couraging his people to victory, but when this 
seemed at length a remote possibility, his 
flight to Europe was rapidly decided upon, 
and the ex-President's energies were devoted un- 
successfully to obtaining foreign intervention 
and successfiilly to stirring up Anglophobia 
on the Continent. But Mr. Ki-iiger was already 
an old man, and this final blow — the defeat of 
his people and the loss of his country — marked 
practically the end of his public life. 

Strong, fanatical, obstinate, shrewd and 
autocratic, Mr. Kriiger never concealed his 
dislike to, and mistrust of, the Uitlanders. 
When the Barberton rush brought comparative 
affluence to the country he never once visited 
the town, and only on three occasions did he 
visit Johannesburg during nine years, although 
the law of the land prescribed that the Pres. 
should visit every town and district yearly. 
As evidence of this dislike it is remembered 
that in addressing a mixed crowd at Krugers- 
dorp, where some detested aliens might be pre- 
sent, he began " Burghers, friends, thieves, mur- 
derers, newcomers, and others." Nevertheless he 
did not scruple to commandeer their services for 
the war against Malaboch, until diplomatic 
representations from Lord (then Sir Henry) 
Loch secured exemption for them. Nor did he 
scruple to fill lucrative posts with relatives who 
were quite unfit for the public service, nor to 
appropriate the public revenues for improve- 
ments on his personal estates, for which purposes 
he had little difficvilty in obtaining the sanction 
of the Volksraad. There is on record the case 
of the editor of " Land en Volk " successfully 
sustaining an alleged libel charging the Pres. 
with fraud against the State. He is also gener- 
ally believed to have brought away with him 
from the Transvaal the State and Trust funds, 
variously estimated at from £250,000 to 
£700,000, of which no satisfactory account can 
be obtained. 

Mr. Kriiger has employed part of his exile in 
writing his "Memoirs," for, which he is supposed 
to have received £30,000. They were dictated 
to Mr. A. Schowalter, the editor of the " Buren- 



Anglo- African Who's Who 

freandes," who gave much assistance in pre- 
paring them for publication. He now hves 
in ahnost complete retirement ; in a country 
far removed from liis native, but now-for- 
bidden, veld ; with very indifferent health ; 
but with recollections of a long and arduous 
career of stirring adventure and continual 
political strife, from which he can scarcely regret 
to be released — even in lonely but peaceful 
exile. See "Obituaries." 

KUHN, Peteb Gysbebt, M.L.A., is member 
of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the province 
of Victoria West. He sits in the Bond interest, 
and was last elected in Feb., 1904. 

LABUSCHAGNE, Casper Jekejuah, M.L.C, 
J.P., of Haasfontein, Colenso, Natal, was born 
at Weenen County, Natal, Dec. 8, 1854. He is 
the son of John Henderik Labuschagne, who 
fought for the British against Machana and 
the Basutos, on the occasion of their invasion 
of Natal, and also against Langalibalele. Mr. 
C. J. Labuschagne' s grandfather was one of 
the voortrekkers who left Cape Colony for Natal 
in 1836, and, becoming an officer in the Boer 
Array, fought against Dingaan in 1837, and 
afterwards against the British in 1842 at Con- 
gella, Durban 

Mr. C. J. Labuschagne was appointed J.P. 
in 1892 and M.L.C. in Nov. 1898 He is 
a member of several Rifle Associations ; has 
won several prizes, and on one occasion won 
a gold medal for the best aggregate score. 
He married, in 1877, Miss Hatting, the youngest 
dau. of J. M. Hatting, of Blauwkrans, Natal, 
on whose farm Lord Roberts' son is biu-ied. 
Mr. Labuschagne lost his first wife in 1902, 
and then married Mrs. Pieters, eldest dau. of 
William Maude, of Dundee, Natal. 

LAGDEN, Sib Godfbey Yeatman, K.C.M.G. 
(1897), C.M.G. (1894), M.L.C, Member of Execu- 
tive Council, and Commissioner for Native Affairs, 
Transvaal ; of Blandford, Park Town, Johannes- 
burg, and the Sports Club, London ; is the son 
of the late Rev. Richard Dowse Lagden, Bal- 
sham House, Camb., and Sherbourne, Dorset. 
He was born in 1851 and educated at Sher- 
bourne Sch. A bare recital of his official 
appointments shows that he has had a dis- 
tinguished public career. He entered the Civil 
Service in the G.P.O., 1869-77 ; became Chief 
Clerk to the State Secy, of the Transvaal under 
British Administration in 1878 ; Private Secy, 
to the Administrator, Sir OwenLanyon, 1878-81 ; 

and Secy, to Execvitive Council ; was present 
at the siege of Pretoria and afterwards became 
Private Secy, to Administrators Sir Evelyn 
Wood and Sir William Bellairs ; Secy, to Trans- 
vaal Sub-royal Commission on Compensation 
Claims, 1881-82; Special War Correspondent 
during the Egyptian Campaign, 1882-83, being 
present at all engagements, including Tel-el- 
Kebir, charge of Kassassin and capture of Cairo ; 
was appointed Assist. Colonial Secy., Sierra 
Leone ; employed on Special Financial Mission 
to Gold Coast, 1883 ; Government Secy, and 
Acct., Basutoland, 1884. Asst. Commissioner, 
1885; acted as Resident Commissioner, 1890; 
as British Commissioner, Swaziland, 1 892 ; 
Resident Commissioner, Basutoland, 1893- 
1901. It will thus be seen that Sir Godfrey 
Lagden has represented this country on various 
missions, but it was as British Resident in 
Basutoland that he made his reputation. " To 
use the power and influence of the chief as a 
means of governing and guiding the nation " 
was the motto of his rule, and it is claimed that 
his success has shown how a black population 
may be moulded and governed with its own 
consent. No greater evidence exists of Sir 
Godfrey's remarkable faculties for inducing 
in the native mind an appreciation of pro- 
gressive measures than the result of the intro- 
duction of a Native Savings' Bank and re- 
mittance agency established in the Transvaal 
in Sept. 1902, of which the natives have taken 
full advantage from its initiation. He indulges 
in most games and sports, and has had con- 
siderable experience of big game shooting ; 
walked from the Cape Coast to Coomassie 
through the Ashanti country in 1883, shooting 
and collecting specimens. He married Frances 
Rebecca, dau. of the Rt. Rev. Henry Brougham 
Bousfield, Bishop of Pretoria. 

LAMBTON, Capt. Geobge Charles, D.S.O., 
of Brownslade, Pembroke, S. Wales, was born 
Nov. 10, 1872; is foiu'th son of Lieut.-Col. 
F. W. Lambton, late of the Scots Guards, and 
of Lady V. Lambton, dau. of the 2nd Earl 
Cawdor. Capt. Lambton was educated at 
Wellington Coll., and entered the Worcester 
Regt. in 1895, gaining his Captaincy in 1900. 
He served in the S.A. War 1900-02; was present 
at the occupation of Johannesburg and Pre- 
toria, and took part in the operations which 
resulted in the surrender of Prinsloo in the 
Brandwater basin. He then continued fight- 
ing in the O.R.C. and C.C. ; was present 
at the action at Botha\aIle, and subsequently 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


served under Gen. Sir C. Knox until April, 
1902 (despa,tches, D.S.O., Queen's medal with 
four clasps. King's medal with two clasps). 
Capt. Lambton is unmarried. 

LAWRENCE, James, M.L.A., J.P., of Kim- 
berley, Muizenberg, and of the Kimberley 
Club and Civil Service Club of C.T., was born 
at Georgetown, C.C, in 1852. Educated at 
C.T. and Cradock, he has represented Kim- 
berley in the Cape Colony House of Assembly 
since 1894. He is a Progressive Member, and 
was last re-elected in Feb. 1904. For fourteen 
vears he has been Municipal Councillor, and 
Mayor of Kimberley in 1889, 1892 and 1893. 
It will thus be seen that Mr. Lawrence has 
been prominently associated with the muni- 
cipal affairs of the great diamond city. His 
other public positions include that of Chairman 
of James Lawrence & Co., Ltd., Director of the 
Board of Executors, Kimberley, and Senior 
Whip to the Progressive Party in the Cape 
Parliament. He also served on the Peninsular 
Commission in 1902-3. His recreations in- 
clude riding and driving. Married, in 1880, 
to Miss I\ilby, of Somerset East. 

LEE, Charles, M.L.A., is member of the 
Cape Legislative Assembly for the Pro^ance 
of Uitenhage, and was last re-elected in Feb. 
1904. He sits in the Progressive interest. 

LENFANT, Capt., the French explorer, 
returned to Paris in April, 1904, after an adven- 
turous journey from the West Coast of Africa, 
up the Niger, along the Benue (a tributary 
of the Niger), through the Suburi marsh country, 
thence along the Shari river to Lake Chad, the 
return journey only occupying sixty-five days 
as against five months by the Congo route. 
Capt. Lenfant's white party consisted of ten. 
They were confronted with innumerable diffi- 
culties, hostile natives with poisoned arrows, 
and much sickness. He made many scientific 
observations, and discovered a monstrous 
silk-spinning spider, a specimen of which he 
brought home. 

LEYDS, Dr. Willem Johannes, LL.D., 
Knight of the Portuguese Order of Villa Vicoza, 
Commander of the Legion of Honour, Knt. 
of the Second Class, with Star, of the Prussian 
Red Eagle, and Commander of the Orders of 
Jesus Christ, St. Charles, Orange-Nassau, and 
Leopold of Belgium ; of 2.5, Wilhelminapark, 
Utrecht, Holland, and of the Club de la Haye, 

The Hague ; was born at Magelang, Java, oa 
May 1, 1859. He is second son of W. J. Leyds, 
who was youngest son of the Rev. Leyds, of 
Veandaal, Holland, by Nine, second dau. of 
the Rev. R. van Bessningen van Helsdingen. 
Dr. Leyds came to Europe at the age of six, 
and received his education at Haarlem and 
Amsterdam. His original intention was to 
become a teacher, and in 1874 he passed the 
final examination in the Govt, school for the 
preparation of tutors. Four years later he 
qualified as a teacher of drawing ; took a Govt, 
diploma for gymnastics, and passed in mathe- 
matics in 1879. He graduated LL.B. in 1882, 
and after a further two j^ears of study took 
the Doctor's degree cum laude at the Univ. 
of Amsterdam. In 1884 Dr. Leyds went to 
the Transvaal as the agent of the concessionaires 
of the Netherlands Railway, to advance their 
interests, at the same time taking office under 
the S.A.R. as Attorney-Gen., a dual position 
which, it was said, he could not occupy with 
justice to both the State and the Concessionaires. 
He appears to have dropped the former office, 
but was appointed Govt. Commissioner with 
the Netherlands Railway Co. in 1887. He was 
made a J. P. for the whole Republic in 1889, 
and in the following year was deputed Govt. 
Syndic with the National Bank of the S.A.R. 
Meanwhile Dr. Leyds had given ample evi- 
dence of his talent for diplomacy, and in 1890 
he relinqmshed the office of Attorney-Gen. for 
the State Secretaryship, to which he was re- 
elected in 1894, and again in 1898. The office 
carried a seat in the Executive Council, and 
was, after the Presidency, the most onerous 
and responsible in the service of the RepubUc. 
Diu-ing all these years he had been filling the 
public offices with his own countrymen — a 
more or less necessary step, seeing that English- 
men were practically barred in important 
positions by the Kriiger reqiine, and the Boera 
themselves were incompetent to adequately 
participate in the task of government. But 
this influx of Hollanders was not welcomed 
by Boer or Briton, and the State Secy.'s in- 
creasing unpopularity, added to the anti-Hollan- 
der feeling, made it expedient for him to resign. 
Dr. Leyds had already been sent on poUtical 
missions to Lisbon and Berlin, his skill in 
diplomacy had been tried, and Mr. Kjiiger 
appointed his able and useful Secy. Minister 
Plenipotentiary in Europe. Dr. Leyds had been 
for years the President's right-hand man, and 
it is doubtful if his influence on affairs, so far 
as concerned the Uitlanders, was as malign 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

as was ofttimes stated. His position was 
a delicate one, and it is not surprising that he 
created feelings of resentment amongst the 

Dr. Leyds is the author of " De rechtsgrond 
der schadevergoeding voor preventieve hectenis " 
(1884). He married, July 10, 1884, Louisa, 
second dau. of F. Roeff, Mathematician. 

LINDUP, Walter, F.R.C.I., of Fairview 
Tower, Maritzburg, Natal, was born in London, 
Jan. 3, 1858 ; was educated at the Philological 
Sch., Marylebone Road., Lond., and studied 
dentistry under his father. He now prac- 
tises this profession in Maritzburg. He was 
formerly a Director of the Stanhope and New 
Heriot G.M. Cos., and was elected a Town 
Councillor for Maritzburg in 1902. Mr. Lindup 
is an amateur architect and painter in oils. 
He married, in 1902, Elizabeth, dau. of J. D. 
HoUiday, of Maritzburg. 

LIPP, Chahles, J.P., of the Rand and Kim- 
berley Clubs, was born at Fochabers, Scotland, 
in 1861 ; is son of John Lipp, of Fochabers, 
where he was educated at Milne's Institution. 
After a bank training in the Aberdeen Town 
and Coiinty Bank he went to S.A. in 1882. 
He joined the Capi of Good Hope Bank, and 
rapidly rose to the position of Manager of 
their Kimberley branch in 1889, in which j'ear 
he was appointed J.P. for Kmiberley. He 
became Manager of the Kimberley branch of 
the African Banking Corporation in 1892, and 
was promoted to the management of the Johan- 
nesburg branch in 1898, which position he 
still fills. He remained in that town during 
the war, and was appointed J.P. for the Wit- 
watersrand in 1903. He married, in 1890, 
Miss Harvey, of Aliwal North. 

LITHMAN, Kael Vilhelm ; of " Scandia," 
Rosebank, nr. Cape Town, and of the City 
Club (C.T.) ; was born Oct. 13, 1853, at Gothen- 
burg, Sweden ; is youngest son of a Gothenburg 
merchant, and was educated at the Gothenbm-g 
Coll., where he matriculated in 1872. He 
went to S.A. in 1879 as Secy, to the Swedish 
and Norwegian Consul-Gen. at Cape Town. 
In 1881 he became Vice-Consul, and acted as 
Consul-Gen. in 1885 on the death of Ms chief, 
whose business he took over under the style 
of Karl Lithman & Co. In 1886 he was ap- 
pointed Agent-Gen. in S.A. to the Norwegian 
Veritas, and he now holds the general agency 
of the principal Scandinavian underwriters. 

He was made Consul for Venezuela in 1887, 
and in the same year founded the match 
factory near Cape Town, which he afterwards 
sold to the Rosebank Match Co., Ltd. Besides 
his Consular appointment he carries on a timber, 
shipping, insurance and general merchant's 
business, and is a director of various cos. 
He married, April 4, 1891, Sophia Akerberg, 
widow of the late Swedish and Norwegian 
Consul at Cape Town. 

LITTLE, James Stanley, of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, W.C., and of the Author's 
and Anglo-African Writers' Clubs, is a son of 
the late Thomas Little, of Woodville, Forest 
Hill. He was educated at King's Coll., London, 
and went to S.A. as a youth, when he con- 
tributed to the " Cape Times " and the " Natal 
Mercury." He returned to England with a 
knowledge of S.A. questions, which he utilized 
by lecturing on various matters affecting the 
coimtry and Imperial Federation. He was 
a Member of the S.A. Committee (1886), and 
served on the Executive Committee of the 
State Colonization Association and the 
Executive Council of the Imperial Federation 
League. He edited the " African Review " 
from Dec. 1895 to June 1897, and from Aug. 
1891 to Aug. 1902. Mr. Little's main work 
has been to popularize the Imperial idea. As 
early as 1876 h» contributed leading articles 
to the "Natal Mercury" advocating the 
annexation of the Transvaal. His works 
especially dealing with Imperial subjects began 
with "A World's Empire" (1879). This was 
followed by "South Africa" (1884), "The 
United States of Britain" (1887), "A Vision 
of Empire" (1889), "The Enemies of South 
Africa " (series of articles in the " New Century 
Review," 1897), " Progress of British Empire 
in Century," published in Canada (1902) and 
in Great Britain and the LTnited States (1903). 
During the past twenty years he has worked 
hard for the reform of the Royal Academy. 
On subjects connected with Imperial, Colonial 
South African, artistic and literary matters 
he has contributed largely to the periodical 
press and magazines, including the " Nineteenth 
Century," "-Academy," "Studio," "Library 
Review," " The Artist," " The Morning Post," 
" The Literary World," and other publications. 
He is also the author of some half-a-dozen 
novels, viz. "My Royal Father" (1886), "The 
Day Ghost" (1887), " Doubt" (1888), " Whose 
Wife shall she be" (1888), "A Wealden 
Tragedy " (1894). He wrote the life and work 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


of W. A. Orchardson, R.A. (1897), and besides 
all this literary activity has found time to 
write two plays, wliich have been presented. 
He was the first Executive Secy, of the Society 
of Authors, and inaugurated the system of 
annual dinners, with a dinner to American 
men and women of letters in 1889. He was 
the Hon. Secy, of the Shelley Soc. in 1886-7, 
and in conjunction with jVIr. J. Robinson 
organized the Shelley Centenary celebration 
at Horsham, Aug. 4, 1892. His recreations 
are country walks and genealogical research. 
He married, March, 1895, Fanny Maud Therese 
Lablache, elder dau. of Count Luigi de la Blache, 

LITTLEJOHN, Robert, of 8, Cavendish 
Square, London, W., and of the Constitutional, 
Caledonian, and Gresham Clubs, is the son of 
the late Robert Littlejolin, Castle Douglas, 
N.B., and was born in 1855. He began his 
business career in the service of the Bank of 
Scotland, and went to S.A. in 1883 to take up 
a banking appointment there. He was Gen. 
Manager of the African Banking Corporation in 
S.A. from 1891 to the end of 1900, when he 
joined the Board of Directors of that bank in 
London. He is also a director of other cos. 
connected \vith S.A. His recreations are golf, 
shooting, etc. 

LLEWELLYN, Qicketer, was born in S.A. 
He made liis first appearance in important 
cricket at Pietermaritzburg in 1896 against 
Lord Hawke's XI. In 1899 he went to Eng- 
land to qualify for Hampshire, for which county 
against the Australians he scored 90 in his 
first innings, and took 7 wickets. In 1890 
he showed good form against the West Indians, 
taking 13 wickets and making over 50 
runs in one of his innings. In 1902 he dis- 
played good form also against the Australians, 
clean bowUng Clem Hill for and 7. In addition 
to his left-handed bowling, he is a brilliant 
field at mid-off and a dashing bat. 

LLEWELLYN, Capt. Hoel, D.S.O., of 
Hersham Cottage, Walton-on-Thames, and of 
White's Club, was born Nov. 24, 1871, at the 
Court, Langford, East Somerset, and is son of 
Col. Evan H. Llewellyn, M.P. He was educated 
at sea on H.M.S. Britannia (1884), and was 
midshipman in the Royal Navy from 1888 to 
1890, during which period he saw active service 
on the East Coast of Africa in the suppression 
of the slave trade (despatches). From the 
Navy he joined the British S.A. Police, serving 

as Artillery Officer throughout the ]\Iata- 
bele War of 1893-4 (despatches). In 1896 
he was appointed J.P. (Rhodesia) and received 
his Captaincy in the B.S.A. PoHce, and on the 
outbreak of the second Matabele War in that 
year he took command of the company's artil- 
lery, greatly distinguishing himself on more 
than one occasion by liis gallantry and presence 
of mind in " tight places," being recommended 
by Gen. Sir Fred. Carrington for the coveted 
V.C. He continued fighting through the 
operations in Mashonaland, which were con- 
cluded in 1897. Capt. Llewellyn served 
through the Anglo-Boer War from the com- 
mencement in 1899, commanding the armoiured 
trains north of Mafeking until Jan., 1900, when 
he took over the command of Col. Phmier's 
artillery until the relief of ]\Iafeking, in con- 
nection with which he was decorated with the 
D.S.O. Transferring to the S.A. Constabulary, 
he was appointed Comdt. of the Lichten- 
bm-g District (until Dec, 1902) and J.P. for 
the Transvaal. He married, Oct. 20, 1902, 
Winifred Lady Ross, yovmgest dau. of A. 
Berens, of Castlemead, Windsor. 

LOCHVER, Hon. J. A. van Aarde, M.L.C, 
is a member of the Cape Legislative Council 
for the North-west Province. 

LOCKIE, John, M.P., J.P., of Stonehall, 
Stonehouse, Devon ; Buston Hall, Lesbury, 
R.S.O., Northumberland ; and of the Royal 
Societies Club ; is son of John Lockie by 
his wife Elizabeth Laidlaw Smythe ; was born 
July 30, 1863, and was educated at George 
Watson's Coll., Edinburgh, afterwards com- 
mencing his commercial career with a Glasgow 
shipowner's firm. In 1892 he estabUshed 
works at Jarrow-on-Tyne for the manufacture 
of brass and copper tubes and engineering 
accessories. He is the owner of the Planet 
line of ships, is Chairman of the National Indus- 
trial Assoc, and of the S.A. Trade Committee, 
of which he guaranteed the expenses, most of 
which he actually defrayed. He was elected 
Conservative M.P. for Devonport, Oct. 22, 1902. 
Mr. Lockie is keen on sports and the collection 
of curios. He married, in 1893, Annie, dau. of 
John Farrell. 

LOEWENTHAL, Leopold, of Edensor, East 
Molesey, Surrey, was born on Jan. 18, 1865, at 
Glasgow, and was educated at Hutchinson's Sch., 
Glasgow, and the Friedrich Wilhelm Univ., 
Germany. In the early days of Johannesburg 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

he was prominently associated with municipal 
affairs and exercised very considerable interest. 
Any candidate for the Town Council or the Volks- 
raad who had his support was invariably 
elected. Mr. Loewenthal writes trenchantly 
on financial subjects. He collects 18th century 
English furniture and old Nankin porcelain, 
and makes gardening his hobby. 

LOGAN, Hon. James Douglas, M.L.C, J.P., 
of Cape Town ; Tweedside Lodge, Matjesfontein, 
C.C. ; Dalguise Castle, Perthshire, Scotland ; and 
of the City Club, C.T. ; is the son of Mr. 
James Logan, of Reston, Berwickshire, where 
he was born Nov. 26, 1857. He was educated 
at Reston, and started life as a railway clerk 
on the North British Railway. He then went 
to sea as an apprentice on a sailing ship, and 
was wrecked at Simons Town twenty-five 
years ago. Joining the Cape Govt. Railway 
service as porter, he came to be stationmaster, 
at the then new Cape Town Station, and worked 
through the different grades of the service 
until he was appointed Dist. Superintendent 
over the railway from Touws River to Prince 
Albert Road. Leaving the railway service, 
he purchased the Frere Hotel, Touws River, 
started a wholesale wine and spirit store in 
Cape To-ttTi, and soon became refreshment and 
advertising contractor on the Cape Govt., 
O.F.S, and Rhodesian Railway systems. 
Matjesfontein, on the Karoo, he transformed 
from a state of barrenness to a condition of 
fertility by means of diamond drilling for 
water, converting the locality into a charming 
residential resort. His gardens at Matjes- 
fontein and Tweedside, where he has also been 
successful in boring for water, now contain 
orchards unequalled in the Colony. 

Mr. Logan was elected Member of the Cape 
Legislative Assembly for Worcester in 1894, 
and in 1898 was retiu'ned as the representative 
for the N.W. Circle in the Legislative Council, 
where he sits in the Progressive interest. During 
the late Boer War he raised and commanded 
a corps of District Mounted Troops, and was 
present at the engagements of Belmont, Modder 
River, Rensburg, etc. He is a keen sportsman, 
a first-class shot, and very fond of cricket. He 
was instrumental in bringing Lord Hawke's 
cricket teams of 1894 and 1898 to S.A., and 
conducted at his own expense the tour of the 
S.A. Amateur Cricket XI in 1901, which showed 
up very creditably. Mr. Logan married, Sept. 9, 
1878, Emma, dau. of C. H. Haylett, of 
Cape Town. 

LOTTER, Caspar Jacobus, M.L.A., is mem- 
ber of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the 
Province of Jansenville, having been last elected 
in Feb. 1904. He is a member of the Bond. 

LOVEDAY, Richard Kelsey, M.L.C, 
F.R.G.S., was born at Pietermaritzburg in 1854. 
Left to his own resoiu-ces very early in life, and 
having poor health, he went to Pretoria in 1872, 
and entered the Deeds Office of the S.A.Pv. in 
1873, becoming Master and Registrar of the 
High Court rnider the British Administration 
after the annexation. In the Boer war of in- 
dependence he was second in command of the 
Pretoria Rifles who were besieged in Pretoria. 
On the Transvaal regaining self-government, 
Mr. Loveday's services were dispensed with, 
though he subsequently held important positions 
in the Transvaal. He was elected unopposed 
member of the First Volksraad for the Bar- 
berton Goldfields in 1890 and 1891, and was 
the only member of the Chamber of British 
descent. He was a strenuous opponent of the 
Kriiger regime and its attendant abuses. In the 
sessions of 1893 and 1894 he rendered great ser- 
vices to the Progressives, and in the course of 
the debate on the Franchise in 1895 he dealt 
exhaustively with the question, and exhorted 
the Raad to appeal to the country on the matter. 
He is a member of tlie First Legislative Council 
of the Transvaal Colonj' and director of several 
public cos. 

LOVELL, Edward Alphonse, of Lagos, West 
Africa ; of Storridge Vicarage, Malvern, and of 
the Junior, Atlaenseum, and Northumberland 
County Clubs, was born 1857 at Winslow Hall, 
Buckinghamshire. He was educated at Rugby, 
and Heidelburg Univ., where he gradviated M.A., 
M.B., and D.C.L. He joined the Govt, service 
in 1890 ; was Collector of Customs 1891, and 
Acting Treasurer and Colonial Secy, on various 
occasions. He served on the Boundary Com- 
mission in Paris, 1898. 

LOWREY, Francis, B.A., of 16, Cheyne 
Walk, Chelsea, and of the L^^nited University and 
Union Clubs, was born at Barmoor, Northumber 
land, in 1856 ; was educated at Rugby and New 
Coll., Oxon. (1st class Modern History School 
and 13. A. 1878). He was called to the Bar, Inner 
Temple, in 1880, and was for some time a member 
of the North-Eastern Circuit. He was subse- 
quently a partner in the publishing firm of Swan, 
Sonnenschein & Co., and afterwards went to 
Johannesburg in 1889 ; joined the Reform Com- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


mittee in 1895-6 ; was arrested for his participa- 
tion in that movement, but did not undergo trial 
or imprisonment. He is a director of the Con- 
solidated Goldfields of S.A. 

LOWTHER, Claude, M.P., of H. 3, the 
Albany, Piccadilly, W., and of the Carlton, Gar- 
rick, St. James', Marlborough, and Bachelors' 
Clubs, is the son of Capt. F. W. Lowther, R.N., 
and was born in 1870. He was educated at 
Rugby and Fribourg, and was an Attache in the 
Diplomatic Service for some years. He held a 
Captaincy in the Cumberland and Westmore- 
land Yeomanry and served with the Imperial 
Yeomanry in S.A. He was appointed A.D.C. 
to Sir Charles Warren, who recommended 
him for the V.C. for saving the life of a comrade 
at the battle of Fabers Put. He successfully 
contested the Eskdale division of Cumberland in 
1900. Capt. Lowther is a well known litterateiu- 
and dramatist. His play, the " Gordian Knot," 
at Her Majesty's will be well within the public 

LUGARD, Lady (Flora Louise), of Govern- 
ment House, N. Nigeria, was born at Woolwich, 
Kent, is the dau. of Major-Gen. George Shaw, 
C.B., by Marie Adrienne Junot Desfontaines, 
and was educated privately. She is the author 
of " Castle Blair " and other books. 

In 1890 she joined the staff of the " Times," 
and was for ten years head of the colonial dept. 
of that paper, which post she resigned in 1900. 
Lady Lugard always took a great and active 
interest in S.A. matters, and was believed to 
receive a large share of the late Cecil Rhodes' 
confidence in respect of his political schemes for 
the development of S.A. She gave long and 
important evidence before the Commission which 
inquired into the events leading up to the 
Jameson Raid. She was married, June 11, 1902, 
to Gen. Sir Frederick Lugard (q.v.). 

LUGARD, Brig.-Gen. Sir Frederick Deal- 
try, K.C.M.G., C.B., D.S.O., Brig.-Gen. and 
High Commissioner for Northern Nigeria ; of 
Little Parkhurst, Abinger, Surrey ; of Govt. 
House, Northern Nigeria, West Africa ; and of 
the St. James', Junior Army and Navy, and the 
Royal Soe. Clubs, is the son of the Rev. F. G. 
Lugard, and was born at Fort St. George, Madras. 
Educated at Rossel and Sandhurst, he entered 
the Army in 1S78, and served with the 9th Foot 
in the Afghan War of '79-80, and was present at 
the engagement of Saidabad, receiving the 
Afghan medal. He was promoted Capt. in the 

Norfolk Regt. in 1885, and served in the Sudan 
in that year with the Indian Transport, receiving 
the medal and clasp and bronze star, and with 
the Bm-mese Expedition in 1886, when he was 
mentioned in despatches and received medal and 
clasp. In 1888 he was again on active service, 
being in the Nyassaland operations, when he was 
severely wounded, and with the Imperial East 
Africa Co.'s Troops in Uganda in 1889-92, 
obtaining medal for his services. In the years 
1894-5-6 he commanded the expedition sent by 
the Niger Co. into the interior. Sir Frederick 
Lugard has done great services to the Empire 
and to civilization, and as a soldier, administra- 
tor and explorer he will be numbered amortg 
those who during the Victorian era have done so 
much to consolidate and extend British influence 
and power in x4frica. Particularly may be in- 
stanced his able report to the Administrator of 
the British East Africa Co. at that critical period 
in 1892, when Mr. Gladstone's Govt, was about 
to abandon Uganda. This report did much to 
strengthen the cause of the Anti-Evacuationist 
party. Whilst in Nyassaland he was unremitting 
in his efforts to suppress the Arab slave trade, 
waging a perpetual war against the traders for 
that purpose. He was Commissioner in Lagos 
Hinterland and Comdt. West African Fron- 
tier Force in 1897. He married, June 11, 
1902, Flora (q.v.), dau. of Major-Gen. George 
Shaw, C.B., and grand-dau. of the Right Hon. 
Sir Frederick Shaw, Bart. 

LYONS, C.\PT. Henry George, F.R.G.S., 
F.G.S., of Gezira, Cairo, and of the Army and 
Navy Club, was born in London Oct. 11, 1864. 
He is son of Gen. T. C. Lyons, C.B., was educated 
at Wellington Coll., Berks., passing into the 
Royal Engineers, from which he has now retired. 
He is Director-Gen. of the Survey Dept. of 
Egypt ; has published report on the Island and 
Temples of Philae, and has also contributed 
articles on Egypt and Cairo in the supplementary 
volumes of the " Encyclopaedia Britannica." He 
married, July 8, 1896, Miss Helen Julia Hardback. 

LYTTELTON, Lieut.-Gen. Hon. Sir Neville 
Gerald, K.C.B., of 28, Grosvenor Road, S.W., 
and of the Army and Navy and Brooks' Clubs, 
is the third son of the 4th Baron Lyttelton ; was 
born at Hagley, Worcestershire, Oct. 28, 1845, 
and was educated at Eton, where he played in the 
Cricket XL in 1862-3-4, and was keeper of the 
Wall Football in 1863. He won the 100 yards 
at Eton in 1863, and played racquets and lawn 
tennis. Since his 3choolda3'3 Sir Neville has 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

continued to play cricket for many years, chiefly 
regimental and military, and has had a good 
deal of large and small game shooting. He 
joined the Rifle Bi'igade in Jan. 1865, becoming 
Lieut.-Col. commanding a battalion in Dec, 
1892. He has held the following Staff appoint- 
ments : A.D.C. to Earl Spencer, Lord-Lieut, of 
Ireland, 1868-73; Private Secy, to Mr. Childers, 
Secy, of State for War 1880-2; A.D.C. to Sir 
John Adye, Chief of Staff. Egyptian Campaign, 
1882; Mil. Secy, to Sir John Adye, Governor of 
Gibraltar, 1883-5; Mil. Secy, to Lord Reay, 
Governor of Bombay, 1885-90; A.A.G., War 
Office, 1895-97 ; Asst.-Mil. Secy. 1897-9 ; Brig.- 
Gen. Khartum Campaign, 1898; Major-Gen. 
Infantry Brigade, Aldershot, 1899 ; Major-Gen. 
4th Infantry Brigade, S.A., 1899-1900; Lieut.- 
Gen. 2nd and 4th Divisions in the N.E. 
Transvaal, C.C. and O.R.C., commanding in 
Natal, 1900-02; Lieut. -Gen. commanding Trans- 
vaal and O.R.C. from 1902 to Feb. 1903, and 
commanded the troops inS. A. from that date mi til, 
under the new Army reorganization scheme, he 
retiu-ned to England early in 1904 to become one 
of the two military members of the Cabinet 
Defence Committee. Gen. Lyttelton saw active 
service in the Fenian raid in Canada in 1866 
(medal and clasp), Jowaki Expedition 1877 
(medal and clasp), Egyptian War 1882, when he 
was present at j?el-el-Kebir (medal and clasp, 
bronze star, 4th class Osmanieh, brevet of Lieut.- 
Col.), Khartum Expedition 1898, including the 
battle of Khartvim (Egyptian medal and clasp 
and medal, was promoted Major-Gen. and 
thanked by the Houses of Parliament). His 
fighting in the S.A. War, 1899-1902, in- 
cluded the campaign in Natal, the operations in 
Eastern and N.E. Transvaal against de Wet, and 
the operations on the Natal border (medal with 
clasps for Tugela Heights, Relief of Lady- 
smith, Laing's Nek, Belfast, C.C. and O.R.C. ; 
also the King's medal and two clasps) 
He was further promoted to Lieut. -Gen., 
and made K.C.B. He was eight times mentioned 
in despatches and received the Good Service 
Reward. His other services abroad includes 
twelve years in India. Sir Neville married, Oct. 
1, 1883, Katharine Sara, dau. of the Rt. Hon. 
James Stuart Wortley. 

MAASDORP, G. H., M.L.A., was formerly 
member of the Cape Legislative Council for the 
Midland Circle. At the general election in Feb. 
1904, he was returned to the Lower House as 
member for Graaff-Reinet. He is a supporter 
of the Bond. 

McCarthy, James Abkan, of Freetown, 
Sierra Leone, is of African parentage, and only 
son of J. B. McCarthy, J.P., N.J., a merchant 
of Freetown ; was educated at the Grammar 
Sch., Freetown, at Wesley Coll., Sheffield, Eng- ; 
and is Barrister-at-Law and Common Law 
Scholar of the Inner Temple (1879). He was 
appointed Queen's Advocate of Sierra Leone and 
Mem. of Exec, and Legislative Councils and of 
the Board of Education of that Colony, 1889-95 ; 
was appointed Admiralty Advocate of Sierra 
Leone by the Lords Commissioners of the Ad- 
miralty ; Escheator of Sierra Leone, 1893 ; 
Acting Chief Justice, May to Sept., 1893, and 
May to Aug., 1894 ; Solicitor-Gen. Gold Coast 
Colony since 1895 ; and Acting Puisne Judge of 
the Gold Coast, 1895, 1898 and 1902 ; Actmg 
Attorney-Gen., 1895 and 1899 ; sole Law Officer 
of the Crown, 1900 and 1902. When Queen's 
Advocate he accompanied the Administrator, 
Maj. Crooks, on a special mission to Monrooia to 
congratulate Pres. Cheeseman on his inaugura- 
tion, and received a Knight Commandership of 
[ the Liberian Order of African Redemption, but 
I was not permitted to accept it. He married : 
first, Lillie, dau. of the late Councillor Vivian, of 
I Hull, Eng. ; and second, Alice Maude, dau. of 
Surgeon-Major Davies (retired). 

McCLINTOCK, Capt. Fbederick William, 
F.S.A., of Krugersdorp, and the West Rand Club, 
Krugersdorp, was born at Dublin, Aug. 10, 1S64. 
He is the eldest son of the late Lieut.-Col. T. E. 
McClintock, of the Army Pay Dept., and nephew 
of the famous Arctic explorer. Admiral Sir Leo- 
pold McClintock. Capt. McClintock was edu- 
cated at the Pubhc High Sch,, Dublin, and 
proceeded to S.A. at the age of 21, joining the 
Education Dept. of the Natal Civil Service. He 
subseqxiently took up an appointment in the 
Cape Forestry Dept. ; went to the Transvaal in 
1895, where he acted as secy, to some mining 
groups, and became identified with the Krugers- 
dorp branch of the S.A. League. At the out- 
break of the late war he joined the Prince Alfred's 
Guards as Sec. -Lieut., this being the only per- 
manent Colonial Corps which is entitled to carry 
its colours into action — a privilege obtained for 
the regt. by the late Duke of Edinburgh, after 
whom it is named. At the close of hostilities, 
he retired with the permanent rank of Capt. , in 
recognition of services rendered dinging the 
Anglo-Boer War. He then returned to the 
Transvaal, where he is engaged in secretarial 
duties in connection with the Commission in- 
vestigating Burgher Claims upon the Imperial 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


Govt. He married, Aug. 10, 1896, Miss F. L" 
Soundy, dau. of J. T. Sovindy, of Cradock, Cape 

MACFARLANE, Lieut.-Col. George James 
(Natal Carbineers), C.M.G., J.P., of Redlands, 
Maritzburg, and of the Victoria Club, P.M.B., 
was born at Maritzburg June 6, 18.55. He is son 
of John Macfarlane, late R.M. of Natal, and was 
educated at the High Sch., P.M.B. He served 
in the Zulu War in 1878-9, and was besieged in 
Ladysmith in 1900. He was Mayor of Maritz- 
burg, 1898-1902 ; Deputy-Mayor for that town, 
1903-3 ; and was made J. P. in 1902. Col. 
Macfarlane has taken keen interest in cricket, 
football and shooting, and possesses a fine col- 
lection of S.A. big game. He married, Dec. 
1888, Mary Maria, dau. of Walter Macfarlane, 
late Speaker of the Natal Legislative Council. 

MACKENZIE, Lieut. Hector Rose, of 
Johannesberg and the Natal Club, P.M.B. , 
is the eldest son of the late Alexander Mackenzie, 
Highland Clan historian and founder of " Celtic 
Magazine " and " Scottish Highlander," Inver- 
ness, and Emma Sarah, eldest dau. of the late 
Thomas Whitaker Rose, of Bath. He was born 
at Ipswich Feb. 25, 1867, and was educated at 
the Royal Academy. Raining's Coll., Inverness, 
and Glasgow Univ. He commenced his busi- 
ness career as private secy, to the late Dr. 
Charles Frazer Mackintosh, M.P. for Inverness- 
shire. Passing his final examination as a Scots 
solicitor in 1899, he joined the clerical staff of 
Crofters' Commission for 12 months, commencing 
practice as solicitor in Inverness in April, 1890. 
In 1896 he went to S.A. and entered journahsm, 
passing successfully through various stages until 
he became acting editor of tlie " South African 
Telegraph " (Cape Town). His other jom-naHstic 
positions include that of sub-editor and acting- 
editor of " The Press " (Pretoria) ; asst. -editor 
of the " Durban Star " ; asst. -editor, joint-editor 
and editor of the " Cape Mercury " (King Wil- 
liam's Town) ; sub-editor, " Cape Daily Tele- 
graph " (Port Elizabeth ) ; asst.-editor " Cape 
Register " (Cape Town) ; sub-editor, " Times 
of Natal)" (Pietermaritzburg) ; and finally asst. 
news-editor, " Rand Daily Mail " (Johannes- 
burg). On the outbreak of war he joined the 
Cape Town Highlanders as private and rose to 
the rank of corporal ; he served at Kuils River, 
Mulder's Vlei, Tulbagh Road, Belmont, Douglas 
and Modder River. In Sept. 1900, he was ap- 
pointed Asst. -Manager at Maf eking of Western 
Division of the Imperial Transport Service. For 

some time during 1901 he was attached to the 
Army Service Corps at Army Headquarters at 
Pretoria as shorthand writer to the Director of 
Supplies. He is now Lieut, in the Natal Ptoyal 
Regt. and on the Reserve of Officers, and 
has the S.A. War (Queen's) medal with three 
clasps. He is the author of " Yachting and 
Electioneering in the Hebrides " and " Old In- 
verness " ; also of several articles and poems in 
" Blackwood's Mag.," " Chambers' Journal," 
" The Celtic Mag.," " The Cape Illustrated 
Mag.," and other serial publications. He mar- 
ried, July 19, 1892, Barbara Sutherland, eldest 
surviving dau. of John Anderson, late of the 71st 
Regt. of Foot (Highland Light Infantry). Issue, 
one dau., Janet Dorothy Rose, born June 4, 1894. 

MACKENZIE, William Cossar, D.Sc, 
F.R.S. Edin., Imperial Order of the Osmanieh 
(3rd class), of Ghizeh, Egypt ; the Crescent, 
Cromer ; and the Royal Societies (Lond.), Union 
(Edin.), and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was born Feb. 
15, 1866. He is third son of A. D. Mackenzie, 
J. P., of Edinburgh ; was educated at George 
Watson's Coll., Edin., and at the Edinburgh, 
Strassburg, and Halle a. S. Univs. After leaving 
Halle Univ. in 1891, he was appointed Lecturer 
in Agricultural Chemistry at the Durham Coll. 
of Science, Newcastle-on-Tyne. In Dec, 1891, 
he was appointed Lecturer on General and 
Analytical Chemistry at the Ghizeh Agricultiu-al 
Coll., and became Principal of that institution in 
June 1896. In 1902 he was appointed Principal 
of the Polytechnic Sch. of Engineering under the 
Egj^tian Ministry of Public Instruction. Both 
these institutions are still under Dr. Mackenzie. 
He married, June 27, 1902, Marian, younger dau. 
of Samuel Gurney Sheppard, of Leggatts, Herts. 

MACKINNON, Maj.-Gen. Henry, C.V.O., 
C.B., of 15, Ovington Sq., Lond., S.W., and of 
the Guards', Travellers', and Union Clubs, is the 
second son of W. A. Macliinnon, 34th Chief 
of the Clan. He was born in London, Dec. 15, 
1852, and educated at Harrow. He joined the 
Grenadier Guards Jan. 22, 1870, and was Asst. 
Military Secy, at Malta June, 1884, to July, 
1885 ; Private Secy., Madras, July, 1895 to July, 
1898. On the formation of the C.I.V., Col. 
Mackinnon assumed command, which he retained 
throughout the regiment's service in S.A. He 
married, Dec. 14, 1881, Miss Hatton, dau. of CoJ. 
Hatton, of the Grenadier Guards. 

MACRORIE, Right Rev. William Kenneth, 
D.D., D.C.L., of the College, Ely, is the son of 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

David Macrorie, M.D. (Edin.), and was born 
Feb. 8, 1832, at Liverpool. He was educated at 
Winchester and Brasenose Coll., Oxon. He 
graduated M.A. and D.D. of Oxon., D.C.L. of 
the Univ. of the South, Tennessee, and M.A. of 
the Cape Univ. ; Hulmeian Exhibitioner, 1854. 
From 1855-58 he was Fellow of St. Peter's Coll., 
Radley ; 1858-60 he was Curate of Deane, 
Lanes. ; from 1860-61 he was Vicar of Wingater ; 
from 1861-66 he was Rector of Wapping ; and 
from 1866-68, Vicar of Accrington. In 1869 he 
went to S.A. as Bishop of Maritzburg, re- 
taining the appointment until 1892, when he 
left S.A. to become Canon of Ely. In his 
early life he was a well known oarsman and 
fond of fishing and fives. At the present time his 
principal outdoor recreation is croquet. On 
April 9, 1863, he married Agnes, dau. of William 
Watson, of South Hill, Liverpool. 

MACSHERRY, Right Rev. Hugh, Catholic 
Bishop and Vicar Apostolic of the Eastern Prov. 
of the Cape of Good Hope, of St. Augustine's 
Cliurch, Port Elizabeth, and Bishop's House, 
Beaufort St., Grahamstown ; is the son of 
Arthur MacSherry, of Loughgilly, county Ar- 
magh, Ireland. He was born at Loughgilly 
Feb. 1, 1852, and was educated at the Diocesan 
Seminary, Armagh, and at Paris, and took the 
degree of D.D. He was ordained Feb. 7, 1875, 
and for 21 years laboured in various parishes of 
his native diocese. In 1893 he was appointed 
Administrator of Dundalk ; was nominated by 
Pope Leo XIII. Titular Bishop of Justinian- 
opolis, and was consecrated by His Eminence 
Cardinal Logue on Aug. 2, 1896. Since then he 
has been actively engaged in the administration 
and development of the different missions con- 
fided to his spiritvial care. In 1 896 he was elected 
as coadjutor to the Right Rev. Dr. St. Strobino. 
About 1897 he proceeded to S.A., where those 
qualities which have endeared him so generally 
in Ireland quickly made themselves felt in his 
new sphere of labour. His courtesy, his strength 
of resolve, and breadth of view, and his con- 
tagious zeal for work all have stamped him as 
eminently fitted to fill with honour to himself and 
the cause of religion the responsible office he was 
appointed to occupy by the Holy See. He was 
mentioned in his last dispatch (June 21, 1902) 
by Lord Eatchener for services to the Army 
Chaplain's Dept. in S.A. 

MAGUIRE, James Rochfort, M.A., of 3, 
Cleveland Square, London, W., was born in 
1855, and was educated at Cheltenham and 

Oxford Univ. He was called to the Bar 
of the Inner Temple in 1883, and represented 
N. Donegal in the House of Commons from 1890 
to 1892, when he was elected for West Clare. 
His Parliamentary career closed in 1895, and 
some years later, at the instigation of Mr. Rhodes, 
he undertook, in company with Messrs. C. D. 
Rudd and F. R. Thompson (q.v. ), a mission to 
Lobengula, and obtained from that chief the 
concession ceding the mineral rights over the 
wliole of his territories. This concession was 
ultimately taken over by the Chartered Co., of 
which Mr. jMaguire became a Director. He is 
also on the directorate of the Consolidated Gold- 
fields of South Africa, and the Exploration Co. 
He married a dau. of Lord Peel. 

MALAN, Franqois Stephanus, M.L.A. 
(Malmsbury), of Schoongezicht Kloof St., Cape 
Town, is the son of Daniel G. Malan, of Leeuwen- 
jacht, Paarl, and is descended from French 
Huguenot stock, Jacques Malan, his direct an- 
cestor having landed in S.A. in 1689. Bom 
Mar. 12, 1871, in the district of the Paarl, he was 
educated at Paarl ; Victoria Coll., Steilenbosch ; 
and Camb., graduating B. A. (Science) Cape Univ.j 
also LL.B. Camb. Admitted as an Advocate 
of the Supreme Court, C.C, Aug., 1895. Ap- 
pointed editor, Nov. 15, 1895, of " 0ns Land," 
one of the leading Dutch newspapers in C.C. 
Elected unopposed M.L.A. for Malmesbury in 
succession to the Hon. W. P. Schreiner, Sept., 
1900 ; re-elected Feb., 1904 ; was convicted for 
publishing defamatory libel on Gen. French, 
April 19, 1901, and sentenced to twelve months' 
imprisonment without hard labour. He is one 
of the most prominent politicians of the S.A. 
party, and commands a very large following 
among the Dutch. Married to Miss Johanna 
Brummer, Sept. 21, 1897. 

MALLESON, Percy Rodbabd, of the Wil- 
lows, Hex River, C.C, and of the Civil Service 
Club, Cape Town, was born at Wimbledon, Sur- 
rey, in 1867 ; was educated at Univ. Coll. Sch., 
Lond., and Hertford Coll., Oxon. ; was sub- 
agent on Lord Sudeley's fruit farms in 1889-90 ; 
County Council Lecturer on Fruit Growing, 
1891-2; went to S.A. in 1892, and assisted in 
starting the first large fruit farm in C.C, and in 
inaugurating the friiit export trade to Eng. He 
is now Managing Director of the Cape Orchard 
Co., of Hex River ; Mem. of Western Prov. Hor- 
ticultural Board, the Royal Agricultural Soc. of 
Eng., the Royal Horticultural Soc. of Eng., 
and the Royal Colonial Inst. During the late S.A. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


War he served as an officer of the Hex River 
D.M.T., and as Colonial Mem. of the Protected 
Horses Board, W. Dist. He married, in 1896, 
Beatrice Mary, dau. of H. W. Struben, of 
Cape Town, and Pretoria. 

MANLEY, Francis Hubert, of Alexandria ; 
of Spofforth Hall, Yorks., and of the Khedivial 
Club, Alexandria ; is grandson of the 19th Lord 
Hourton and son of Geo. Manley, of Spofforth 
Hall, Yorks., where he was born in 1872. He 
was educated at Ampleforth Coll., near York, and 
acts as Reuter's and Lloyds' Agent at Alexandria. 

MANNING, Brigadier-Gen. William Henry, 
of the Naval and Military Club, was born July 
19, 1863, in England, and was educated at Cam- 
bridge, and the Royal Military Coll., Sandhurst. 
Gen. Manning entered the Army in Aug. of 1886, 
and served in the Burmese War of 1887-89, and 
in the Miranzai and Hazara Expeditions of 1891. 
He proceeded to Central Africa in 1893 and was 
promoted Brevet-Major and then Brevet-Lieut.- 
Col. for the eminent services he rendered in 
Central Africa and Northern Rhodesia. He 
was made Deputy Commissioner and Comdt. 
of the troops in Central Africa, 1897-1901, and 
acted as Commissioner and Consul-Gen. from 
Dec. 1897 to Dec. 1898, and from July 1900, to 
April 1901. Gen. Maiming was appointed 
Inspector-Gen. of the King's African Rifles, Oct. 
1901, and it was undoubtedly owing to the great 
services he rendered in Central Africa that he 
soon after was given the command of the Somali- 
land Field Force, which post he filled from Nov. 
1902 to July 1903. He had many difficulties 
to contend with, owing chiefly to want of trans- 
port and water. In spite of a serious reverse his 
subordinate, Col. Plunkett, sustained, his ser- 
vices were retained after Gen. Egerton was ap- 
pointed to the supreme command. Since then 
he has been doing good work, and has greatly 
added to his already high reputation in military 
circles. General Manning is unmarried. 

MARAIS, Eugene, was formerly editor of the 
Dutch paper " Land en Volk," in which he con- 
sistently and patriotically raised his voice in 
support of a pure and enlightened Govt., 
and spared no one in the exposm-e of abuses, 
notably in the Dynamite case, when he accused 
Mr. J. M. A. Wolmarans of accepting a bribe of 
Is. per case (estimated at that time to amount to 
nearly £10,000 per an.) on dynamite as a con- 
sideration for his support in the Executive 

Council of which he was a member. This charge 
was not denied. Then there was the case of his 
successfully sustaining his alleged libel that Mr. 
Kriiger had defrauded the State by charging 
heavy travelling expenses for a certain trip on 
which he was actually the guest of the Cape 
Colonial Govt. Subsequently (in 1893-4) his 
exposure of thefts of Govt, stores by Landdrost 
Kock, a satellite of the Kriiger regime, at last 
forced a private investigation, though the case 
was not allowed to be brought before the coiu'ts 
of the country. At the time of the Raid, when 
matters had assvimed their most threatening 
appearance, Mr. Marais and Mr. Malan hastened 
to Johannesburg fully authorized by the Execu- 
tive to confer with the Reform Committee and if 
possible to avert a conflict. These gentlemen 
were successful in so far as they persuaded the 
Committee to appoint representatives to treat 
with a commission in Pretoria having for its 
object the removal of some of the chief grievances 
of the Uitlanders. 

MARAIS, Johannes Henock, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for the 
electoral division of Stellenbosch, for which he 
was re-elected in Feb., 1904, in the Bond in- 

MARKHAM, Arthur Basil, M.P., of Stuffyn- 
wood Hall, Mansfield, was born in 1867, and has 
represented Mansfield in the Liberal interest 
since 1900. He is chiefly notorious for his 
antagonism to Rand capitalists, and for having 
in the course of a speech in the House of Com- 
mons made charges against Messrs. Wernher, 
Beit & Co. of criminal misconduct with reference 
to their financial operations, and declaring that 
they were nothing more nor less than swindlers. 
Mr. Markham repeated thes3 statements outside 
the privileged precincts of the House, whereupon 
]\Iessrs. Wernher, Beit & Co. instituted libel pro- 
ceedings. Mr. Markham, however, unreservedly 
withdrew and apologized for the charges, which 
he admitted were without foundation. He 
married, in 1898, a dau. of Capt. Cmmingham. 

MARKS, Capt. Claude Laurie, D.S.O., of 11, 
Curzon St., Mayfair ; the Rectory Farm, Streat- 
ley, Berks, and of the Junior Naval and Military 
and Imperial Service Clubs, is the yoimgest son 
of the Rev. Professor D. W. Marks. He was 
born Dec. 11, 1864, and was educated at Univ. 
Coll. Sch. Capt. Marks saw much active service 
in S.A. in 1880, 1881, and 1884, and was largely 
instriunental in the formation of a company of 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Imperial Yeomanry (14th Battn.), which did 
exceedingly well throughout the recent Anglo- 
Boer War, in connection with which he was deco- 
rated with the D.S.O. He married, Feb. 1, 1887, 
Carrie, eldest dau. of A. Hoffnung, late Charge 
d' Affaires at the Court of St. James. 

MARKS, Capt. Harry Hananel, J.P., of 
Callis Court, St. Peter's, Kent ; 6, Cavendish 
Sq., W. ; and of the Carlton, Automobile, and 
Royal CinqiTO Ports Yacht Clubs, was born in 
London, April, 1855 ; is son of the Rev. Prof. 
Marks, of Univ. Coll., and was educated at that 
coll. and at the Athenee Royal of Brussels. Mr. 
Marlis is the founder and editor of the great City 
dailj' paper, " The Financial News " ; is Chair- 
man of the Argus Printing Co., and Chm. of the 
Royal Orthopaedic Hospital. He represented 
East Mai'ylebone on the London Covmty Council, 
1889-92, and St. George's-in-the-East, 1895-8. 
He contested North-East Betlinal Green in the 
Conservative interest in 1892, and represented 
St. George's Div. of the Tower Hamlets in Par- 
liament from 1895 to 1900. He is J.P. for the 
county of Kent, and commands the 1st C.B. the 
Buffs (East Kent Regt.). He married, in 1884, 
Annie Estella, dau. of William Benjamin, of 

MARKS, Samuel, of Zwartkoppies, near 
Pretoria, Transvaal, and of Threadneedle House, 
Bishopsgate Street Within, E.C., is one of the 
chief partners of the firm of Lewis & Maries, of 
London and Pretoria. From very modest 
beginnings Mr. Marks established a big position 
in the Kimberley diamond fields, which, how- 
ever, he left in 1881 for the Transvaal Republic. 
From the first he was persona grata with Mr. 
Kriiger, and it was no doubt partly owing to 
his influence with the ex-President, added to 
his natural endowments, that he was enabled 
to assist in building up so rapidly the immense 
interests which the firm now has in S.A. 
Concessions for the exclusive manufacture of 
spirituous liquors, preserves, etc., were acquired, 
and kept up more as a hobby than as a source 
of profit ; coal properties were developed on a 
large scale, agriculture was encouraged, and 
of course mining interests in gold and diamonds, 
and the possession of real estate swelled the list 
of the finn's main enterprises. Mr. Marks him- 
self is on the Boards of the Schuller Diamond 
Mines, Vereeniging Estates, Transvaal Consoli- 
dated Coal Mines, Great Eastern Collieries, 
East Rand Mining Estates, Geduld Proprietary 
Mines, Modderfontein Proprietary Mines, and 

the Grootvlei Prospecting Synd. He is credited 
with being the shrewdest judge of character in 

MARSHALL, Francis, of 2, Chesham Place, 
W., was formerly in the Russian trade at St. 
Petersburg, where he lived for foiu-teen years, and 
is now a director of several leading S.A. Cos., 
including the Estate, Finance and Mines, the 
Elandsfontein Deep and the Eurafrican Cos. He 
is quite a well-known golfer, and married a sister 
of the present Lord Basing. 

MARSHALL, Hon. John Edwin, Judge of 
the Egyptian Native Courts of First Instance ; 
of El Kom, Bulkeley, Ramleh, Alexandria ; is 
the eldest son of the late WilKam Marshall, 
Solicitor, of Dvirham and West Hartlepool, and 
grandson of the late John Edwin Marshall, of 
Durham, Solicitor and Registrar of the Sunder- 
land County Court. He was born Mar. 3, 1864, 
near West Hartlepool, and was educated at the 
Durham Sch. Judge Marshall was articled in 
Jan. 1881, to Mr. Thomas Cousins, J.P., Solicitor, 
of Portsmouth, and passed the solicitors' final 
examination in July, 1886. He became a mem- 
ber of the Middle Temple on Oct. 26, 1886, and 
was called to the Bar on Nov. 18, 1889. He 
went to Egypt in Nov. 1890, and was in practice 
before the British Consular Courts and the In- 
ternational Tribunals for seven years, and in 
Dec. 1897, was appointed a Judge in the 
Egyptian Native Courts of First Instance. At 
the time of the appointment he was a member of 
the Bar Covmcil of the International Tribunals, 
and also occupied the position of Treasurer to 
that body. He was Senior Legal Adviser to the 
British Chamber of Commerce in Egypt, a cor- 
respondent of the London Chamber of Commerce, 
and was closely identified with the formation of 
the jurisprudence relating to the protection of 
Trade Marks and Patents in 'Egypt. He was 
appointed in June, 1903, by the Minister of Public 
Instruction, Examiner in the Law relating to 
Civil and Commercial Procedure at the School 
of Law in Cairo. He married, Jan., 1888, the 
dau. of the late Wm. Best. 

MARSHALL-HOLE, Hugh, B.A., of Bula- 
wayo, and the Bulawayo and Salisbury Clubs, 
was born at Tiverton, Devon, May 16, 1865. 
He is son of Charles Marshall-Hole, of Tiverton, 
and grandson of the late Dr. Medhurst, pioneer 
missionary in China. He was educated at 
Blundell's Sch., and Balliol Coll., Oxon., where 
he graduated B.A., and took Honours in Final 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Sch. of Law in 1887. He joined the service of 
the B.S.A. Co. in April, 1890 ; was transferred 
to Mashonaland in 1891, and has served in 
various civil capacities in S. Rhodesia from that 
time. During the Matabele Rebellion of 1896 
he served as Lieut, in the Rhodesia Horse (medal), 
and he also served as Capt. in the S. Rhodesia 
Volunteers during the late S.A. War (medal and 
clasp). In 1901 he was sent on a special mission 
to Arabia to report on and organize Arab labour 
for Rhodesian mines. He now occupies the 
position of Civil Commissioner, Bulawayo, and 
Govenoment Representative in Matabeleland, 
and in 1903 was temporarily appointed Acting- 
Administrator of N.W. Rhodesia in the absence 
of Mr. R. T. Coryndon. He married, in 1890, 
Ethel, dau. of the late P. Rickman, of Poole, 

MASTER, Brevet-Major (Local Lieut. -Col.) 
Richard Chester, of Salisbury, Rhodesia, and 
the Army and Navv Club ; was born at Ciren- 
cester, Aug. 29, 1870 ; is eldest son of Col. T. W. 
Chester Master, of the Abbey, Cirencester, and 
of Ivnole Park, Almondsbviry, Glos., and was 
educated at Harrow, and Christ Chxn'ch, Oxon. 
He served as Lieut, in the 4th Gloucester Militia 
from 1890 to 1893, when he was gazetted to the 
King's Royal Rifles. He was A.D.C. to H.E. 
the High Commissioner for S.A. (then Sir 
Alfred Milner) from 1898 to 1900, and served in 
the S.A. War in 1899 and 1900 as Capt. in Run- 
ington's Corps of Guides, afterwards (in 1901) 
raising and commanding the Western Province 
Mounted Rifles for the Cape Colonial Defence 
Force. Capt. Chester Master was mentioned in 
despatches, received a brevet majority and medal 
with six clasps. He received his present ap- 
pointment as Commandant-Gen. of the PoUce 
Forces of S. Rhodesia with local rank of Lieut. - 
Col. in Sept., 1901. Col. Chester Master is fond 
of aU field sports, and was Master of the Cape 
Hunt Club Foxhoimds from 1897 to 1901. He 
married, Aug., 1901, Geraldine, eldest dau. of 
John Hungerford Arkwright, Lord-Lieut, of 
Herefordshire, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire. 

MATHERS, Edward P., F.R.G.S., F.G.S., of 
6. Queen's Gate Terrace, S.W., and of the 
Thatched House, Royal Societies, Colonial, 
Caledonian, and Imperial Colonies Clubs, is the 
second son of the lata David Mathers, newspaper 
proprietor, of Edinburgh. He was bom at 
Edinburgh on Aug. 19, 1850, and was educated 
at the High Sch., Edinburgh, and Edinburgh 
Institution. Mr. Mathers followed the pro- 

fession of an English journalist until 1878, 
when he migrated to S.A., where he commenced 
work on a paper in Durban, and at the same 
time acted as representative of a London daily 
paper and also of " The Scotsman." He was 
there at the time of the Zulu campaign and re- 
mained in S.A. for ten years. To him is largely 
due the publicity which has so greatly contri- 
buted to the enormous development of the S.A. 
Fields. It was in 1883 and 1884 that the news 
of the discoveries of gold in the De Kaap District 
roused enormous interest throughout S.A. 
With a small party of explorers he found liis 
way tlirough an unknown and unhealthy region 
to the new Gold Fields, proceeding by steamer 
to Lourengo Marques, whence they plunged into 
the interior and began their perilous journey. 
The difficulties of the task were vividly described 
in liis letters to the " Natal Mercury," for which 
he was acting as Special Commissioner. Many 
of the party died upon the way, but Mr. Mathers 
retained his good health despite the trials of the 
journey and the privations it was necessary to 
undergo. Arrived at the gold fields, Mr. Mathers 
pui'sued his busy career in connection with mining 
and financial journalism, spreading the laiow- 
ledge of the early discoveries. His letters 
naturally attracted a large amount of attention, 
and were subsequently collected and published 
under the title of a " Trip to Moodie's " in 1884. 
The rush to the Barber ton District continued 
until 1887. Then, when the Rand began to claun 
attention, Mr. Mathers revisited De Kaap and 
the Rand and wrote a further series of letters 
which have been published in an interesting 
volume entitled "' Goldfields Revisited, 1887." 
In the following year he left for London. He had 
come to the conclusion that the Transvaal was 
going to be a great mining centre, and that as 
its capital for the development of the mines must 
come from England, it was necessary to bring 
London into closer touch with S.A. His chief 
intention was to organize a newspaper in London 
in the interests of S.A.,and returning to England 
he started the journal known as " South Africa." 
He has been more than a journalist, however, 
he has travelled and explored a good deal in 
S.A., and has shown in a remarkable way the 
possession of the faculty of foresight. His paper 
has been very successful ; he has written 
"Golden South Africa" and " Zambesia " ; he 
founded the South African Dinner, which has 
proved a useful and popular annual function in 
London. Mr. Mathers is thoroughly imperialistic, 
and having a hearty distrust of Boer methods, 
he foretold long before the war against Kriiger 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

the inevitableness of a final and desperate con- 
flict with the Boers. Since the starting of his 
paper he has paid many visits to S.A., and was 
there at the outbreak of hostilities, having a 
narrow escape of being locked up in Ladysmith. 
He has a fine S.A. Library, and at his 
residence he has some fine pictures of S.A. 
Among his cviriosities is the skull of a hippo- 
potamus which was shot by him on the Pimgwe 
River, and a battle-axe given to him by Um 
bandine, the Swazie king. He is a Director of 
the Swazieland Corporation, and in addition to 
the books already msntioned, he has published 
" South Africa, and How to Reach it " (1889), and 
"The Story of 'South Africa' Newspaper and 
its Foimder " (1903). He married, Aug. 6, 1885, 
Mary Augusta, eldest dau. of R. H. Powys, of 
North Dene, Natal. 

MATHESON, Greville Ewing, of Tan-y- 
brjTi, Lower Road, HaiTow-on-the-Hill, and of 
the Savage Club, was born at Soham, Cambs. He 
is the eldest son of the late Rev. D. L. Matheson, 
of Wolverhampton, and great-grandson of the 
late Rev. D. Greville Ewing, of Glasgow ; and 
was educated at Tettenhall Coll., Staffordshire, 
and privately. He has been on the staff of 
Donald Currie & Co., managers of the Union- 
Castle Line, since 1883 ; has been Hon. Secy, of 
the Anglo-African Writers' Club since its incep- 
tion in 1895 ; Joint Editor of " The Hampstead 
Annual " since 1899, and has published " About 
Holland" (1894), and (under nom de plume of 
M. E. Greville) " From Veld and Street ; Rhjrmes 
more or less South African " (1899), and numerous 
articles and verses in various newspapers, etc. 
His recreations are golf, gardening and novel 
reading. He married, in 1887, Emily Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Thomas Pugh, of Pen-y-lan, 

MATHIAS, Capt., — ., D.S.O., of Krugers- 
dorp, went up to the Rand in the early days, 
where he has been associated with the Robinson, 
Crown Reef and other mines. He distinguished 
himself as a Squadron Commander of the Im- 
perial Light Horse in the attack on Waggon Hill, 
Jan. 6, 1900. In 1902 he was appointed Asst.- 
Commissioner of Police for the West Rand. 

MATTHEWS, Dr. JosiAH Wright, F.R.G.S., 
of Johannesbiu'g, and of the Civil Service (C.T.), 
Gold Fields (Johannesburg), and Jmiior Conser- 
vative (Lond.) Clubs, was born in 1841 at York, 
Eng., where he was educated privately, and 
:studied medicine there and at Glasgow. Late 

in 1864 he sailed to Durban in medical charge of 
an emigrant ship, and obtained an appointment 
in the Natal Govt. Med. Service and a lucrative 
private practice. In 1871, however, he took a 
trip to India, and returning to England, gradu- 
ated M.D. at Aberdeen. Dr. Matthews shortly 
returned to Natal, but was attracted by the new 
El Dorado and practised his profession at Kim- 
berley. When the Cape Legislative Council 
was constituted he was returned as senior mem- 
ber, becoming Vice-Pres. of the Council. With 
annexation, Kimberley became an Electoral 
Division of the C.C., and in 1881 the doctor 
entered the Cape Assembly, resigning after the 
special session of 1883. Recovering from a 
serious accident, he toured the Transvaal ; took 
another trip home ; engaged in a visit to America, 
and went up to the Rand in 1889. He became 
member of the Johannesburg Sanitary Board in 
1892, and took an important part in public and 
social life. 

Dr. Matthews published in America in 1887 
" Incwadi Yami " (My Book) or " Twenty 
Years' Personal Experience in South Africa." 
He has lectured considerably before Rand gather- 
ings, and addressed big audiences at the Chicago 
Exhibition in 1893 on S.A. affairs. He is an 
enthusiastic collector of curios, objects of vertu, 
coins, medals, etc., and was awarded a bronze 
medal by the Kimberley South African and In- 
ternational Exhibition of 1892. He married, in 
1867, Lucy Virginia, fifth dau. of Dr. Lindley, an 
American pioneer missionary in S.A. who gave 
his name to a town in the O.R.C. 

MAVROGORDATO, Theodore Etienne, 
J.P., F.R.G.S., of Johannesburg ; son of Stephen 
Ma\Togordato and Lanny nie Sarell ; was born 
at Constantinople in 1861, and was educated in 
Berlin. He joined the Cyprus service in Jan., 
1881 ; Asst. -Inspector of Cyprus Military Police, 
1883 ; Inspector of same, 1884 ; had charge of 
Special Police Force, 1895 ; became Local Com- 
mandant, Asst. -Commissioner, Governor of 
Prison and Deputy Coroner June 7, 1895 ; Act- 
ing Commissioner, Papho, 1897 ; Acting Com- 
missioner, Limassol, 1900 ; transferred to Trans- 
vaal service Nov. 4, 1901, becoming Asst. -Com- 
missioner of Police and J.P., Johannesburg. He 
married, in 1886, Ethel Constance, eldest dau. 
of the late Rev. Joseph Kenworthy, Rector of 
Ashworth, Yorks. 

MAXWELL-HIBBERD, Charles, Post- 
master-Gen. of Pietermaritzburg, Natal, and of 
the Victoria Club, Maritzburg, is the son of 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


the late Charles Hibberd, of Ventnor, I.W., and 
grandson of the late William Hibberd, of Har- 
bridge, Hants ; was bom at Bryantspuddle, 
Dorsetshire, and entered the Electric & Inter- 
national Telegraph Co. in 1867 ; stationed at 
Ventnor, I.W., he had the advantage of serving 
under Mr. W. H. Preece (now Sir W. H. Preece) 
until 1870. Then, when the British Govt, took 
over the telegraplis, he was engaged in giving 
instruction in telegraphy at various post-offices 
in England, and during the Franco-German War 
acted as private telegraphist to the late Lord 
Granville, then Foreign Minister, at Wahner 
Castle, Deal. At the close of the war Mr. Max- 
well-Hibberd was attached to the Engineering 
Dept. of the Central Telegraph Office, G.P.O!', 
London, as a Junior Engineering Inspector, 
where he remained until Jan. 1, 1885, when he 
was appointed a Second Class Asst. -Surveyor 
out of some 900 applicants. As an Asst. -Sur- 
veyor (or Inspector) of the G.P.O., Mr. MaxweU- 
Hibberd was attached to the South Wales Dis- 
trict, where he obtained a thorough knowledge 
of the organization of the postal and telegraph 
services of the country. He did much good work 
in revising the postal services of South Wales, 
and in 1894 was promoted over several of 
his seniors to a First Class Asst.-Surveyorship. 
This promotion necessitated his transfer to 
another district, and he then went to North 
Wales, where he worked until Nov., 1900, when 
at his own request he was transferred to the 
North-Westem Postal District of England. In 
April, 1903, he was appointed Postmaster-Gen. 
of Natal. He married, Oct. 1876, Mary Jane, 
dau. of the late W. Wm. Sheppard, of Ttmbridge 

MAY, Col. William Allan, R.A.M.C, C.B., 
of 1, Nelson Gardens, Stoke Damerel, Devon, 
dnd the Army and Navy Club, is the son of 
Joseph May, F.R.C.S. Eng., of Stoke Damerel. 
He was bom Sept. 18, 1850, at Devonport, 
Devon, and was educated at the Gram. Sch., 
Tavistock, Devon, and Guy's Hospital Med. 
Sch., London. On Sept. 24, 1874, Col. May 
joined the Army Medical Service, and was pro- 
moted Lieut. -Col. Royal Armv Medical Corps 
Sept. 30, 1894, and Col. March 22, 1903. He was 
Principal Medical Officer 8th Div. of the Field 
Force, S.A., from Jan., 1900, to end of campaign. 
May 30, 1902, with local rank of Col. He was 
mentioned in despatches, C.B. (1902) and has 
the Queen's medal with three clasps (C.C, 
Wittebergen, Transvaal) and King's medal 
with two clasps (S.A. 1901, S.A. 1902). 

He was appointed Principal Medical Officer, 
Natal, Aug., 1902, with local rank of Col., and 
Principal Medical Officer, Egypt, May, 1903. 
Col. May is a M.R.C.S. Eng., and L.S.A. He 
married, Feb. 3, 1896, Cecilia Adele Aloise, dau. 
of the late Gustav A. B. C. von Ohlhaffen. 

MAYDON, John George, M.L.A., J.P., of 
Seaiield, Lower Muzimkulu, Natal ; of Nethuley, 
Maritzburg, Natal ; and of the Dtirban, Victoria 
(P.M.B.), John Carpenter, and Junior Constitu- 
tional Clubs, was born Oct. 14, 1857 ; is only son 
of the late John Maydon, of Salden, Bucks ; was 
educated at City of London Sch., and went to 
Natal in 1878 in order to take part in the Zulu 
War, through which he served wath the Coast 
colimin. On the establishment of responsible 
govt, in Natal in 1893 he was elected M.L.A. for 
Durban County. Visiting England in 1897 he 
did not seek re-election ; spent two years in 
travel and the study of the racial problem, be- 
coming an ardent advocate for war as the only 
means of solving the question of British su- 
premacy in S.A. On war being declared, he 
offered his services to the military authorities. 
Tliese were not accepted, and he became cor- 
respondent of the " Daily News," being first with 
Lord Methuen. After Magersfontein he joined 
Gen. French, with whom he was at the reUef of 
Kimberley, and the captures of Cronje and Bloem- 
fontein, receiving a scalp woi.ind at Driefontein. 
Returning to Natal in April, 1901, he was re- 
elected to the Assembly as member for Durban 
Boro' in succession to Sir John Robinson, and 
worked to secure a more vigorous development 
of Natal' s resources. Upon the resignation of 
the Hime Ministry in 1903 he joined the Sutton 
Administration as Colonial Secy. 

Mr. Maydon is the author of a short account 
of the early operations of the S.A. War entitled 
" French's Cavalry Campaign." He married : 
first, a dau. of the late D. King ; and second, 
Dorothy Isabella, eldest dau. of the late I. L. 
Cope, of Highlands, Natal. 

MEINTJES, L. S., was born in 1868 in Aber- 
deen, C.C, and is descended, as his name indi- 
cates, from one of the old Dutch families who 
originally colonized the Cape Peninsula. He 
went up to Johannesburg in 1891, and first took 
to cycling about that time, his first performance 
on the track being made on the Wanderers' Club 
ground, when he won the only three open events. 
His times were so good that the club committee 
decided to send him to Eng. and America. He 
arrived in Eng. in April, 1893, and beat all the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

English records for one and two miles and from 
seven to 25 miles, and from a flying start he held 
the records for three, four and five miles. He 
was also the first to cover 24 miles within the 
hour. The times of his records were as follows — 

((Beating Sanger's per- 
formance by j; sec.). 
Made at Heme Hill, 
June 29, 1893. 
(Heme Hill, June 15, 
{ 1893, against time. 

1 mile 2 min. 9^ sec. 


















(Brixton Cup 
July 8, 1893. 


Heme Hill, July, 11, 
1893, against time. 

Then generally recognized as the Ten Miles' 
Championship of England. 

MEIRELLES, Viscount De {see De Meirelles) 

MEIRING, Johannes Heneicus, M.L.C, J.P., 

of Northdene, Aliwal St., Bloemfontein, and of 
the United Ser\dce Club, and Ramblers' Club, 
Bloemfontein, is descended from a French 
refugee family who fled to Holland after tha 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1684, his 
direct descendant, Arnoldus Maui-itivis Meiring, 
having gone to the Cape as minister of the D.R. 
Church at Tulbagh, C.C, in 1734. The subject 
of our sketch is the son of J. W. H. Meiring, 
Mayor of Worcester, C.C, where Mr. J. H. 
Meiring was born Oct. 22, 1849. He was edu- 
cated in that town ; was Headmaster of the 
Govt. Sell, at Murraysdorp, C.C, in 1872, and 
in 1881 went to the O.F.S. as Secy, to the Min- 
ing Board at Jagersfontein, where he subse- 
quently entered the Free State Civil Service as 
Public Prosecutor to the Special Court for the 
trial of I.D.B. cases, as well as to the Magistrates' 
Court. In 1886 he became Landdrost, Clerk and 

Public Prosecutor at Harrismith, and in 1889 
when the O.F.S. entered into a Customs Union 
with the C.C, he was appointed Collector of 
Customs of the State. He attended the Customa 
Conferences of 189G and '98. He retained this 
appointment tmtil the British occupation on 
Mar. 13, 1900. Seven days later, however, he 
was reinstated by Lord Roberts, and on the 
military regime being superseded by civil govt., 
his position as Collector of Customs for the O.R.C. 
was confirmed by Lord Mihier. In 1902 Mr. 
Meiring was nominated a member of the Legis- 
lative Council for the O.R.C, and he took part 
in the Customs Conference in 1903 as Customs 

From 1883 to 1894 he was J.P. for the re- 
spective districts in which he held office, and 
from the latter year has been a J.P. for the whole 
Colony. He married, Jan. 30, 1872, AimaC, 
dau. of J. G. de Wet, of Worcester, C.C. 

MEIRING, Rev. Pietee Gerhard Jacobus, 
Dutch Reformed Minister, of Joubert's Park, 
Johannesburg, is the youngest son of J. W. H. 
Meiring, J.P., of C.C, who for a considerable 
nvmiber of years was Mayor of Worcester. He 
was born Dec. 20, 1860, at Worcester, C.C,. and 
was educated at the Public Sch., Worcester ; the 
Victoria Coll., and the Tlieological Seminary, 
Stellenbosch, and is a B.A. of the Cape Univ., 
Cape Town. He is Scriba of the Gen. Assem. 
of the D.R. Chixrch, Transvaal, and is joint- 
editor of the " Vereeniging," the official organ 
of the Church ; is an able writer, an eloquent 
preacher, and exercises considerable influence. 
He married, Nov. 23, 1902, Susanna M., young- 
est dau. of the late Adrian J. Louw, of the Paarl, 
every one of whose seven daughters, it is inte- 
resting to note, is married to a D.R. minister. 

MELLISS, Brevet Lieut.-Col. Charles 
John, V.C, Indian Army, Brilliant Star of 
Zanzibar, 2nd class, and Bronze Medal of Royal 
Hiunane Society ; is the son of Lieut. -Gen. G. 
J. MeUiss. He was born in India Sept. 12, 1862, 
and was educated at Wellington Coll. Col. 
MeUiss took part in the Mazeni Rebellion, E. 
Africa, 1896; Tirah Campaign, 1897-8; and 
Ashanti Campaign, 1900, and was four times 
wounded. He is the author of " Lion Hunting 
in Somahland." He married, Aug., 1901, 
Kathleen, youngest dau. of General Walter, CB. 

MERRIMAN, Hon. John Xavier, of 
Schoongezigt, Stellenbosch, C.C, and of the 
Reform (Lend.) and the Civil Service (CT.> 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Clubs, was born at Street, near Glastonbury, 
Somerset, on March 15, 1841, his father basing 
being the Bishop of Grahamstown. He was 
educated at Dive Coll., Rondebosch, and at 
Radley Coll., Oxford. Mr. Merriman is a land 
surveyor by profession, but he has made politics 
the principal business of his life. He entered 
the Cape Parliament in 1869, and has sat con- 
tinuously from that date until the general 
election in 1904, when he was defeated at the 
poU. From 1875 to 1878, and again from 1881 
to 1884 he sat in the Cabinet as Commissioner 
for Crown Lands, and from 1890 to 1893 he was 
Treasurer-Gen. — a portfolio which he subse- 
quently held in 1899-1900. 

Mr. Merriman is a good debater and an ex- 
ceedingly able man, but he is a mass of pre- 
judices, which have inclined him to every 
extreme — Bond-friend and Anti-Bond. No 
party, consequently, has felt that it could 
absolutely depend upon, or trust, him politically. 
His natural asperity of manner and innate 
disagreeableness are disadvantages which he 
appears to cultivate for the express purpose 
of alienating support and making enemies. In 
fact, he has been described as an excellent type 
of a gentleman who has deliberately cast off 
the manners of one. 

As an apologist for rebellion, he urged that 
Cape Colonials who rebelled during the late 
S.A. War should receive full compensation for 
losses caused by the invasion of the Colony. Mr. 
Merriman is a member of the Council of the Univ. 
of the Cape of Good Hope as representative of 
the Colony of Natal. He married, Sept. 16, 1874, 
Agnes, dau. of the Hon. J. Vintcent. 

MICHAU, J. J., M.L.A., was returned at the 
general election in Feb., 1904, as Bond Member 
for the electoral div. of Riversdale in the Cape 

IvnCHELL, Sir Lewis, M.L.A., J.P., of 
Edingight, Rondebosch, C.T. ; Rhodes' Build- 
ings, C.T., and of the Imperial Colonies Club, is 
a descendant of an old Cornish family. He was 
born at Plymouth in 1842, and was educated at 
Christ's Hospital. He was for many years Gen. 
Manager of the most important banking instit\i- 
tion in S.A., viz., the Standard Bank of S.A., Ltd. 
He represented the C.C. at the Mint Conference 
at Pretoria in 1893, and Rhodesia at the Company 
Law Conference at Johannesburg in 1902, and at 
the Customs Conference at Bloemfontein in 1903. 
He is now Chairman of the De Beers Consolidated 
Mines, and a Director of the British S.A. Co., in 

connection with which he undertook a tour 
through Rhodesia in the autumn of 1902 with 
Mr. Beit, Dr. Jameson and Mr. J. F. Jones — a 
tour which resulted in many difficulties of the 
northern settlers being greatly ameliorated. 

Sir Lewis was elected to fill one of the vacant 
seats for C.T., in the Progressive interest, in the 
House of Assembly at the latter end of 1902, and 
at the general election in Feb., 1904, was returned 
for the electoral division of Wynberg, entering 
Dr. Jameson's Ministry without portfolio. He 
is Pres. of the S.A. Progressive Association, and 
a prominent member of various local societies. 
He is a frequent lecturer in C.T., and is closely 
associated with everj' movement tending towards 
political, commercial and social progress in the 
colony. During the S.A. War he acted as Pres. 
of the Martial Law Board. He is one of the 
Trustees of the late Cecil Rhodes, and was 
knighted on the occasion of the King's birthday 
in 1902. He married a dau. of Ed. Philpots, 
Civil Commissioner of C.C. 

MILLAIS, John Gotllk, F.Z.S., of Comptons 
Brow, Horsha,m, Sussex, and of the Royal 
Societies' Ckxb ; fourth son of Sir John E. Millais, 
Bart., D.C.L., Pres. of the Royal Acad. ; was 
born in London, Mar. 25, 1865 ; was educated at 
Marlborough and Tiinity CoU., Camb. After 
leaving Cambridge he served two years in the 
3rd Batt. Somerset L.I. (1884^5). During this 
period he began to illustrate works on sport and 
natural history, notably for the Badminton 
Library, and for H. Seebohra's books. In 1886 
he began his hunting expeditions, and the next 
spring joined the 1st Batt. Seaforth Highlanders, 
in which hg served for seven yeaxs. Since then 
he has embarked on the following expeditions 
for the purpose of studying nature at first hand, 
and making a collection of heads of wild animals 
which includes red roe, fallow, mule and wliite- 
tailed deer ; grey, comm-on and Greenland seals ; 
wapiti ; moose ; bighorn ; caribou ; reindeer ; 
elk ; waterbuck ; sable and roan antelopes, 
koodoo, hartebeste, sassaby, dmker, steinbuck, 
klipspringer, white- tailed and brindled gnus, 
Cape buffalo, pallah, leopard, lion, brown bear, 
etc. In the process of acquiring this collection 
he has travelled in W. America (1886), Iceland 
(1892), S.A. (1893), S. Norway (1898), N. Nor- 
way (1899), N. Africa (1900), Newfoundland and 
Canada (1902), and Newfoundland again (1903). 
He is also said to have the most complete col- 
lection of British birds in any private museum, 
numbering 4,000 specimens, obtained by his gun 
in the British Islands. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

He is Vice-Pres. of the Anglo-African Writers' 
Club, and is the author of " Game Birds and 
Shooting Sketches" 1892; " A Breath from the 
Veldt," 1895; "British Deer and their Horns," 
1897 ; '■ The Life and Letters of Sir John Everett 
Millai?., Bart. : a Biography," 1S90 ; " The Wild 
Fowler in. Scotland," 1901; "The Natvu-al 
History of the Sui'face Feeding Ducks," 1902, 
and he is now engaged upon a history of the 
British mammals. B asides the study of natural 
history and the pxirsuit of big game, his recrea- 
tions are lawn tennis, shooting and fishing. He 
married, Oct. 31, 1894, Frances Margaret, second 
dau. of P. Skipwith, of Hundleby. 

MILLER, Allister Mitchell, of Embabane, 
Swaziland, and of the Pretoria, Barberton, and 
International (Louren^o Marques) Clubs, was 
born at Singapore, April 30, 1865 ; is son of 
Alexander and Agnes INIiller, of Wick, Caithness, 
N.B., and was educated privately and at the 
Liverpool Coll. After being on the staS of the 
" Liverpool Mercury," which he joined in 1884, 
he went to S.A. in 1887 as sub-ed. of the " Cape 
Argus " ; became ed. of the " Gold Fields Times " 
at Barberton, Jime, 1888, and in the following 
Aug. was appointed Govt. Secy, to the first 
White Committee elected \inder charter in 
Swaziland, later being appointed Secy, and 
Agent to ICing Umbandine, as well as a member 
of the Committee and a Magistrate. On the 
death of Umbandine, he took up farming until 
1891, when he became Manager of the Swaziland 
Corporation, Ltd. During the late war he 
served as Secy, to the Resident Commissioner for 
Swaziland, attached to the 18th Brigade, and 
was afterwards second in command of a corps 
of scouts with rank of Lieut. He is a F.S.A., 
F.R.C.I., and Fellow of the Geological Society of 
S.A. He has written " A Short History of 
Swaziland," and mmaerous papers on that 
coimtry. He married, Nov. 21, 1891, Beatrice 
Mary, dau. of John Thorbiirn. 

MILLER, Edv/ard Henky, F.R.C.L, of 
Bulawayo, and the Rhodesia Club, was bom in 
London in 1874 ; is grandson of Roger Woods 
Miller, L.C.M., and was educated at the City of 
Ijondon Sch. and at Neuweid, Prussia, and Paris. 
He served on the Medical Staff of the B.S.A. 
Police during the Matabele War of 1896, and 
again saw fighting in the Boer War, 1899-1900. 
He is librarian of the Bulawayo Public Library ; 
Secy, of the Rhodesian Museum ; on the Council 
of the Rhodesia Scientific Assoc. ; Member of the 
S.A. Assoc, for the Advancement of Science, and 

has published papers on entomology, biblio- 
graphy, etc. 

MILLS, John Saxon, 3, Essex Court, Temple, 
and 54, Overstrand Mansions, S.W., and of the 
Royal Colonial Institute; is the son of James 
Mills and Martha Mills, of Ashton, and was born 
at Ashton-under-Lyne ; was educated at Man- 
chester Gram. Sch., the Owen's Coll. and St. 
John's Coll., Camb., and read as a student of the 
Inner Temple. Was appointed editor of the 
" Cape Times " at the beginning of 1901 ; re- 
signed later the following year, when he returned 
to England. He is thoroughly conversant with 
all the political and economic conditions of S.A. 
Was closely associated with the suspension 
movement in C.C., and it is generally believed 
that his resignation was not unconnected with 
his persistent but fruitless advocacy of that 
measure. Mr. Mills was formerly on the editorial 
staff of the " Daily News," and is a contributor 
to, among other journals, the " Fortnightly 
Review," the " National Review," and the 
" Empire Review," and is now editing a new 
organ advocating the " new Protection," en- 
titled the " Senator," the first number of which 
was pubhshed early in 1904. He has published 
a volume of verses. His recreations are music 
and many open-air sports. He married Miss 
Grace Keeler, July 6, 1901. 

MILNER, Viscount, G.C.B. (1901), G.C.M.G. 
(1897), P.C. (1901), of Svmnyside, Johannesburg, 
and of Brook's, Reform, Athenaeum, and New 
Univ. Clubs, was born Mar. 23, 1854. He is 
son of Charles Milner, M.D. by Mary, dau. of 
Major-Gen. Ready. He was educated in Ger- 
many, at King's Coll., London, and at 
Balliol Coll., of which he was a Scholar, 1872-6. 
He has been a Fellow of New Coll., Oxford, since 
1877. At Oxford he carried all before him, 
taking the Hertford, Craven, Eldon, and Derby 
Scholarships, in addition to taking " Firsts " in 
Moderations and " Greats." He was succes- 
sively Treas. and Pres. of the Union Debating 
Society — then in its palmiest days — and a 
weighty contributor to its debates. As an 
undergraduate he was a Liberal tempered with 
the Imperial sentiment. He was an intimate 
friend of Arnold Toynbee, of whose career he 
has written a charming monograph. He is a 
Barrister of the Inner Temple (1881), and for 
three or four years (1882-5) was principally en- 
gaged in journalism, in association with Mr. John 
Morley on the " Pall Mall Gazette," etc. In 
1885 he unsuccessfully contested the Harrow 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Division. In 1887 he became Private Secy, to 
Lord (then the Right Hon. G. J.) Goschen, dis- 
playing abilities which were highly valued by the 
then Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1889 he 
entered the Egyptian Service, and subsequently 
became Under Secy, of State for Finance in 
Egypt. Lord Milner completed his work in 
Egypt with the publication in 1892 of " England 
in Egypt " — one of the most valuable contribu- 
tions to African literature. The work went 
throvigh many subsequent editions. In 1892 he 
was appointed Chairman of the Board of Inland 
Revenue in succession to Lord Iddesleigh and 
Sir Algernon West, and was made C.B. in 1894, 
and K.C.B. a year later. In 1897 he was pro- 
moted to succeed Lord Rosmead in the dual 
office of Governor of the Cape of Good Hope and 
High Commissioner for S.A. — positions which 
have been perhaps the most onerous in the gift 
of the Crown. The G.C.M.G. was conferred upon 
him in that year, the G.C.B. in 1901, when he was 
also raised to the peerage as Baron Milner and 
made a Privj' Councillor. In the same year he 
relinquished the Governorship of the C.C. to 
fill the appointment of Governor of the Transvaal 
and O.R.C. The following year he was created 
Viscount Milner. In Sept., 1903, the Colonial 
Secretaryship was pressed upon Lord Milner by 
Mr. Balfour, on the retirement of Mr. Chamber- 
Iain, but he could not be prevailed upon to accept 
the office in view of his still unfinished work in 
S.A. Lord Milner is unmarried. 

MILTHORP, Bernard Thomas, F.R.C.I. ; 
2nd Assistant of the B.C. A. Protectorate ; son of 
of C. H. Milthorp, J.P., late of Bradford, Yorks., 
where he was born Nov. 10, 1871 ; was educated 
at Bedford Gram. Sch. ; was appointed Asst. 
Collector in the B.C.A. Protectorate, Dec. 24, 
1896 ; was stationed at Fort Johnson, S. Nyassa, 
from April ], 1897, to Nov. 17, 1897, whence he 
was transferred owing to ill-health to Blantyre, 
Dec. 31, 1897. From Aug. 1899 to Jan. 1900 
he was stationed at Chiromo, on the Lower Shir6 
River ; from then until Apr. 1901 at Fort 
Anderson, Mlange ; and from there he returned 
to Blantyre, where he was stationed till Apr. 17, 
1902. After a short leave of absence he was 
stationed at Liwonde (Upper Shir6 River), Fort 
Hill (Nyassa Tanganyika Plateau), and Chik- 
wana (W. Shire Dist.), where he is at present in 
charge, having been promoted from 2nd Asst., 
Feb. 13, 1902. Unmarried. 

MILTON, Sir William Henry, K.C.M.G. 

(1903), of Govt. House. Salisbury, Rhodesia; 

son of Rev. Wm. Milton, of Newbury ; was bom 
Dec. 3, 1854 ; was educated at Marlborough, and 
entered the Cape Civil Service in 1878, officiating 
as Clerk to the Executive Council in 1885 ; 
Acting-Secy, in the Prime Minister's Dept., 1890 ; 
Priv. Secy, to the Right Hon. Cecil Rhodes 
during his Premiership from July 1, 1891 ; was 
Chief Clerk and Chief Accountant in the Colonial 
Secy.'s Office from Dec. 1, 1891 ; and was made 
Permanent Head of the Prime Minister's Dept., 
March 8, 1894. In Aug. 1896 he was detached 
from the Cape Civil Service to go to Rhodesia, 
where he became Chief Secy, and Secy, for Native 
Affairs in Sept. 1896 ; Acting Administrator of 
Rhodesia, July 1897 ; Administrator of Mashona- 
land and Senior Administrator of S. Rhodesia, 
Dec. 3, 1898. He was appointed Administrator 
of S. Rhodesia Dec. 20, 1902, and is also Pres. of 
the Executive and Legislative Councils of S. 
Rhodesia. Sir William married, in 1883, Eve- 
line, dau. of A. R. Borcherds, of Wynberg, C.C. 
He has three sons at Bedford Gram. Sch., who 
are all promising athletes, the eldest, C. H. Milton, 
being the possessor of the sch. athletic cham- 
pionship (1903). 

MITFORD, Bertram, F.R.G.S., of the 
Junior Athen,Bum, Savage, Authors, and New 
Vagabond Clubs, is the third son of E.L.Osbaldes- 
ton Mitford, of Mitford Castle, Northumberland. 
and of Hunmanby Hall, Yorks. ; was educated 
at the Royal Naval Sch., New Cross ; Hurstpier- 
point Coll., and by Continental tutor. He went 
to S.A. at the beginning of 1874, where he en- 
gaged in stock farming, and at the time of the 
Kafir War of 1877-78 he held posts in the Cape 
Civil Service on the frontier. At the close of the 
Zulu War, he trekked alone through Zululand. 
exploring the battlefields and intervie\ving the 
principal indunas. On various visits to Africa 
he has travelled in Matabeleland, and visited 
Zanzibar, Mozambique and other East Coast 
ports, and has also travelled in Baluchistan and 
on the N.W. border of India. He is also well 
acquainted with the continent of Eiu-ope, and at 
one time went in for cUmbing in the High Alps. 
He is fond of most forms of out-door sport, prin- 
cipally shooting. 

Mr. Mitford was proprietor and past editor of 
the " East London Advertiser " from 1886 to 
1888. In the latter year he took seriously to 
literature as a profession, and has published the 
following volumes : " Through the Zulu Coim- 
try," " A Romance of the Cape Frontier," 
" 'Tween Snow and Fire," "Golden Face." 
" Tlie Gun-runner," " Tiie Luck of Gerard 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

Ridgeley," " Renshaw Farming's Quest," " The 
King's Assegai," " The White Shield," " The 
Induna's Wife," " The Word of the Sorceress," 
" The Curse of Clement Waynflete," " A Veldt 
Official," " Tlie Expiation of Wynne Palliser," 
" Fordham's Feud," " The Sign of the Spider." 
"The Ruby Sword," "The Weird of Deadly 
Hollow," " John Ames : Native Commis- 
sioner," " Aletts," " War — and Arcadia," " The 
Triumph of Hilary Blachland," " Dorrien of 
Cranston," " Haviland's Chum," " A Veldt 
Vendetta," and " Tlie Sirdar's Oath." All of 
these except the first named are novels, the 
scenes of which are mostly laid in S.A. 

MOLTENO, James Tennant, M.L.A., is 
Member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Somerset East. He is a member of the S.A. 
Party, and was last re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

MOLTENO, Percy Alfort, of 3 and 4, Fen- 
church St., London, E.G., was bom in. Edinburgh ; 
is of Italian descent, and is a son of the late Sir 
John Charles Molteno, who was first Prime Minis- 
ter of the Cape from 1872 till 1876. He is a son- 
in-law of Sir Donald Currie, and partner of the 
firm of Donald Currie & Co. The Dumfriesshire 
Liberal Association has adopted Mr. Molteno as 
Parliamentary candidate at the next election. 

MOMBASA, The Lorb Bishop of. (^ee 
Peel, Right Rev. W. G.) 

MONTEIL, Commandant, left Senegal in Aug. 
1890, on a journey to Lake Tchad, reaching 
Segour on the Upper Nile, the furthest point at 
which the French had established their authority, 
on Dec. 20, 1890. Thence he struck out across 
the bend of the Niger for Say, and on to Argimgu, 
the fortified capital of Kabbi. He then pro- 
ceeded to Sokoto, Kano (where he received an 
enthusiastic welcome), and Kuka, eventually 
reaching Tripoli after a difficult and dangerous 
journey late in 1892. 

MONYPENNY, William Flaville, B.A., of 
JohannesbiH"g, and of the Imperial Service, Oriel, 
and Rand and Athenspum (Johannesburg) Clubs, 
was bom in co. Armagh, Ireland, Aug. 7, 1866. 
He is descended from a collateral branch, settled 
in Ireland, of a Scotch family whose headquarters 
are at Pifmilly, in Fife. He was educated at the 
Royal Sch., Dungannon, at Trinity Coll., Dublin, 
where he graduated B.A., and at Balliol Coll., 
Oxon. After leaving the Univ. he contributed 
for a time to the " Spectator " ; joined the staS 

of the " Times " as Asst. -Editor in 1893, and was 
appointed Editor of the Johannesbiirg " Star " 
early in 1899, and in that capacity and as cor- 
respondent of the " Times " he incurred the 
displeasure of the Boer Govt., who, in the begin- 
ning of Sept., attempted to arrest him on a charge 
of high treason, but he escaped to British terri- 
tory. On the outbreak of the S.A. War he ob- 
tained a commission in the I.L.H., and served 
with that regt. through the siege of Ladysmith. 
He was afterwards Director of Civil Supplies in 
Johannesburg during Col. Colin Mackenzie's 
tenure of office as Military Gov., and he resiuned 
the editorial control of the Johannesburg " Star " 
when that paper reappeared at the beginning of 

MORCOM, WILLL4M Boase, K.C. (1888), of 
327, Loop St., Maritzburg, and the Victoria Club, 
P.M.B., was born at Redruth, Cornwall, Oct. 9, 
1 846. He first entered the Civil Service as Clerk 
Asst. to the Natal Legislative Council in 1872, 
afterwards filling various offices under the Colo- 
nial Govt. In 1878 he was admitted to practice 
as an Advocate of the Supreme Court of Natal. 
He was Attorney-Gen. for the Transvaal in 1 880 ; 
was made Q.C. in 1888 ; became Attorney-Gen. 
for Natal in 1889, from which he retired when 
that colony was given responsible govt, in 1893. 
He was appointed Minister of Justice for Natal 
in 1903. Mr. Morcom is not married. 

MOREL, Edmund D., of Hawarden, 
Chester, was bom in Paris in 1873. He was 
educated at Bedford, and early turned his atten- 
tion to a joimialistic career. He has contributed 
for a number of years to many of the leading 
magazines and newspapers on W. African ques- 
tions, and as he is regarded as a leading authority 
his contributions have excited considerable 
public interest. His exposiu-es of the Congo 
scandals have particularly done much to bring 
the whole question of the Congo Administration 
under the attention of the Govt. He is the 
editor of the " West African Mail," and is the 
author of "Affairs of West Africa" (1903), 
"The British Case in French Congo" (1903), 
" The Congo Slave State," " Trading Monopolies 
in W^est Africa," and other pamphlets too 
numerous to mention. He married, in 1896, 
Miss Mary F. Y. Richardson. 

MORGAN, Benjamin Howell, of Orchard 
House, Westminster, and the National Liberal 
Club, was bom Aug. 24, 1873, at Glenarberth, 
Cardiganshire, is the fourth son of Benjamin 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


Morgan, of White Caetle, and was educated as 
an engineer. He has since taken a deep interest 
in general economic and trade questions, and is 
a well-known authority on such, particularly as 
affecting S.A. affairs. In 1895 he travelled 
through the U.S. and Canada, studying the 
economic conditions prevailing there, and later 
made a similar journey through Europe, visiting 
principally engineering and manufacturing estab- 
lishments. At the age of 23 he was appointed 
editor of a trade journal, and a few years later 
became Editor of the " Engineering Times," a 
position which he now holds. At the close of 
the S.A. War in June, 1902, he was appointed 
Trade Commissioner to S.A. to inqTiire into and 
report upon the state of, and openings for, trade 
in engineering and machinery. The results of 
his investigations were comprised in a volume 
published in the following November. This 
report has been described as a " masterly " work, 
and has given rise to much comment and dis- 
cussion. He is one of the most strenuous oppo- 
nents of the Shipping Ring, whose methods he 
exposed in his report and subsequent lectures 
before the Royal Colonial Institute and else- 
where. He is a Vice-Pres. of the Nottingham 
Society of Engineers, and Fellow of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, etc., and is the author of 
" The Engineering Trades of South Africa," 
" The Trade and Industry of South Africa," 
" The Prevention of Strikes and Lock-outs," 
" High Speed Steam Engines," and other tech- 
nical works. Mr. Morgan is unmarried, and 
indulges in fly-fishing and golf as recreations. 

MORLAND, LiEUT.-CoL. (local Col.) 
Thomas Lethbridge Napier, C.B., D.S.O., of 
the Naval and Military Club, was born in Canada, 
Aug. 9, 1865 ; is son of the late Thos. Morland, 
and was educated at Charterhouse. He joined 
the King's Royal Rifle Corps Aug. 23, 1884 ; was 
promoted Capt. in Apr., 1893 ; was at the Staff 
Coll., 1891-92; A.D.C. to the Governor and 
G.O.C., Malta, 1895-98 ; joined the W. African 
Frontier Force Feb. 5, 1898, and was appointed 
Commandant of the Northern Nigeria Regt. in 
1901. Col. Morland married, in 1890, Mabel, 
eldest dau. of Admiral and Mrs. St. John, of 
Stokefield, Thomburv, Glos. Mrs. Morland died 
in 1901. 

MUIR. Thomas, C.M.G.. M.A., LL.D. (Hon.), 
F.R.S., of Mowbray Hall. Rosebank, near Cape 
Town, and of the Civil Service Club (C.T.), 
was bom at Stonebyree, Lanarkshire, Aug. 25, 
1845, and is son of the late Geo. Muir of that 

place. He was educated at Wishaw Public 
Sch., Glasgow Univ., and in Germany. In 
1868 he was appointed Sub-Warden of College 
Hall, St. Andrews ; Asst. Prof, of Mathematics 
in Glasgow Univ. in 1871 ; was elected 
F.R.S.E. in 1874, and became in the same 
year Head of the Mathematical and Science 
Depts. of the High Sch. of Glasgow, and mem- 
ber of the London Mathematical Soc. In 1879 
he was appointed Examiner in Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy for Glasgow Univ., 
was elected Pres. of the Edinburgh Mathematical 
Soc. in 1883 ; was awarded the Keith Medal 
of the Royal Soc. of Edinbvirgh for Mathem- 
atical Research in 1884 ; appointed Exam, of 
Secondary Schools imder the Scotch Education 
Dept. in 1885 ; Examiner in Mathematics and 
Natural Plulosophy for St. Andrews Univ., 
1886 ; Hon. Fel. Royal Scottish Geographical 
Soc, 1892 ; and in the same year was chosen 
for his present post as Supt.-Gen. of 
Education for Cape Colony. 

Mr. Muir was appointed Vice-Chancellor 
of the Univ. of the Cape of Good Hope in 
1897 ; was awarded the Keith Medal for the 
second time in 1899, and was elected F.R.S. 
in 1900. He is a Trustee of the S.A. Museum ; 
the S.A. Pubhc Library ; and of the S.A. Art 
Gallery, of which latter he is also Chairman. 
He is member of the Geological Commission, 
the Meteorological Commission, and of the Civil 
Service Commission ; Vice-Pres. of the S.A. 
Assoc, for the Advancement of Science ; Vice- 
Pres. of the Cape To^vn Musical Union Soc, 
and Chairman of the Chamber Music Union. 
He is author of " A Treatise on the Tlieory of 
Determinants^" a " History of Determinants," 
and of various other works and contributions 
to scientific journals, and learned societies' 
publications. Mr. Muir has taken much interest 
in the development of musical taste in the 
Colony, and besides his more serious geograph- 
ical and mathematical studies, plays golf and 
lawn tennis. He married, in 1874, Margaret, 
youngest dau. of the late Dugald Bell, of 

MULDER, Hon. Hendrik Johannes, 
M.L.C., of " Armoed," Oudtshoorn District, 
C.C, was born at Oudtshoorn. He com- 
menced business in 1865, and now carries 
on a large ostrich farm. He is a member of 
the Cape Legislative Council for the South- 
West Province, having been first elected in 
1891 at the head of the poll. He is an elder of 
the D.R. Church, and has a large family. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

MULLINS, Majob, V.C, of Johannesbiirg. 
For some time a partner in the late firm of 
Hudson, Hutchinson & Mullins, Attorneys, 
of Johannesburg, has joined Sir A. Woolls- 
Sampson in a financial and estate business in 
that town. 

MUNNHv, Ex-Landdrost J. H. Took 
service under Mr. Kriiger's Govt, as Inspector 
of Mines and Acting States Mining Engineer, 
and joined the Boers on the outbreak of the 
war in 1889, remaining in the field vmtil cap- 
tured by Colenbrander's Scouts in April, 1901. 
He then spent fifteen months as a prisoner of 
war in India. Until peace was signed Mr. 
Munnik was an irreconcilable, but he then 
determined to accept the inevitable and become 
a loyal British subject. Mr. Munnik occupied 
his leisixre time as a prisoner in writing a romance 
of the Boer War, entitled " Major Greville, V.C, 

MURRAY, Hon. Charles Gideon, of 
Johannesburg, and the Bachelors' Club, Lon- 
don ; third son of Lord EUbank (10th Baron) ; 
was born Aug. 7, 1877, and was educated at 
Blairlodge, Polmont, N.B., and abroad. In 
1891 he was appointed Asst. Priv. Secy, to the 
Lieut. -Governor of British New Guinea ; was 
Clerk to the Govt. Secy., British New Guinea, 
1899 ; Resident Magistrate, Western Di\dsion, 
B.N.G., 1900; Priv. Secy, to Sir Godfrey 
Lagden, Commissioner for Native Affairs for 
the Transvaal, 1901 ; and Asst. Native Com- 
missioner for the Zoutpansberg Dist. of the 
Transvaal in 1902. His recreations are shoot- 
ing, riding, golf and tennis. Unmarried. 

NATHAN, Ejhl, J.P., of Johannesburg, 
Transvaal, and of the Rand and New Clubs 
(Johannesburg), was born at Graaff Reinet, 
C.C, Dec. 23, 1859 ; is second son of the 
late Ed. Nathan, merchant, of that town, and 
was educated at GraaS Reinet Coll. He was 
Registrar of the Supreme Court, C.C, 
in 1880-81 ; was admitted as Solicitor and 
Notary Public of the Supreme Court in 1881 ; 
practised at Port Elizabeth until 1889, and 
during the last five years of his residence there 
was Deputy-Sheriff of the town. From 1889 
he practised at Johannesburg until 1895, when 
he proceeded to London, joined Gray's Inn, 
and was called to the Bar in 1898. Returning 
to Johannesburg, Mr. Nathan continued his 
law practice until the war, in which he served 
as Lieut, and afterwards as Capt. in the J.M.R. 

Subsequently he was a member of the Permit 
Committee. He is a Director of a few Rand 
Cos., and married, Feb. 27, 1884, Lizzie, dau. 
of the late Henry Godfrey. 

NATHAN, Major Sir Matthew, R.E., 
K.C.M.G., of 11, Pembridge Sq., London, 
W., and the Army and Navy Club, was born 
in London Jan. 3, 1862. He is son of the late 
Jonah Nathan, of Pembridge Sq., and was 
educated privately and at the R.M.A., Woolwich, 
He entered the Royal Engineers in 1880, be- 
coming Capt. in 1889, and Maj. in 1898. He 
served in the Nile Expedition in 1885, and 
in the Lushai Expedition in 1889 (medal 
with clasp). Sir Matthew acted as Secy, to 
the Colonial Defence Conm;iittee in 1895, 
administered the Govt, of Sierra Leone in 1899, 
became Governor of the Gold Coast in 1900, 
and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the 
Colony of Hong Kong and its Dependencies 
Oct., 1903. He is unmarried. 

NEETHLING, Hon. M. L.,M.L.C,of Stellen- 
bosch, C.C ; comes of an old Prussian family. 
He was for naany years Chairman of the Muni- 
cipal Commissioners of Stellenbosch and mem- 
ber of the Divisional Council, and is a member 
of the Cape Legislative Council for the Western 

NESER, Johannes Adriaan, J.P., of Klerks- 
dorp, Transvaal, was born in the Colesburg 
District, C.C, July 11, 1860. He is son of 
Christiaan Petrus Neser and Johanna Catharina 
nee Joubert, his fatlier having been a success- 
ful and progressive farmer. He was educated 
at Colesburg Dist. Sch. and at Victoria Coll., 
Stellenbosch, and was an undergradtiate of the 
Cape Univ. He was then articled to 
various attorneys in Cape Town ; became partner 
of Slinter at Colesberg from 1885 to 1892 ; 
went to Klerksdorp and interested himself as 
far as the repressive policy of the late regime 
permitted in the interest of progress and in 
the practice of his profession of Attorney at 
Law and Notary Public. He is also J.P. for 
the Potehefstroom Dist., Transvaal ; member 
of the Commission appointed by H.E. the Gov- 
ernor to inquire into the Register of Mining 
Rights ; member of the Royal Colonial Inst. ; 
and a patron of many forms of sport. He 
married, Dec. 11, 1886, Maria Angelina Rochlin, 
of Colesberg. 

NEUMANN, LuDWiG, of 11. Grosvonor 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Square, London, W., and of Warnford Court, 
E.G., is a brother of Sigismund Neumann (q.v.) 
and a partner in the firm of Leo Hirsch & Co. , 
one of the largest firms of Kafir Brokers. He 
is on the London Committees of the S.A. 
Gold Mines, Ltd., and the Witwatersrand Town- 
sliip. Estate and Finance Corporation, Ltd. Mr. 
L. Neumann races in England, and is a popular 
figure in Society. 

NEUMANN, SiGiSMTTND, Salisbury House, 
London, E.C., of 146, Piccadilly, W., and of 
Invercauld, N.B., was born in Bavaria in 
1856. Spending most of his youth in Wurtem- 
burg, he went to S.A., when still young, and 
founded the firm of S. Neumann & Co., mine 
owners, diamond buyers and financiers, of Lon- 
don and S.A., of which he is the chief part- 
nOT. The firm, which included, up till recently, 
Mr. C. Sidney Goldmann (q.v.), and, Mr. H. J. 
King among its partners, is chiefly identified 
with the following companies, which have admir- 
able prospects of yielding a long series of 
dividends when normal conditions in S.A., are 
restored : Treasury, Wolhuter, New Modder- 
fontein Consolidated M. R., Witwatersrand 
Deep, Knight Central, Driefontein Deep, African 
Farms and Cloverfield Mines. Messrs. S. Neu- 
mann & Co. Eire associated with other large 
mining and financial groups in the control of 
the Randfontein Deep and the West Rand 
Consolidated Gold Mines, and it has representa- 
tives on the Boards of the Rand Mines, Rand 
Mines Deep, the East Rand Proprietary Mines, 
and its subsidiaries, the City Deep, South City, 
Wolhuter Deep, Klip Deep, South Wolhuter, 
Suburban Deep, the Turf Mines, the South 
African Gold Mines, and other Cos. They are 
also one of the chief owners of Salisbury 
House, a huge block of new buildings in London 

Mr. S. Neumann lias for many years rented 
Invercauld, where Mrs. Nemnann entertains on 
a large scale, and he has also a country seat 
near Newmarket. He is a good gun shot, and 
shows considerable skill at whist and bridge. 

NEWBERRY, Charles, J.P., F.R.C.I., of 
Prynusberg, O.R.C., was born at Brampton, 
Huntingdon, May 17, 1841. He is son of 
W. Newberry, of Brampton, and was educated 
privately. He emigrated to Natal in 1864, 
and after a seven years' residence there trans- 
ferred to the Kimberley diggings, and later to 
the Basutoland border of the O.R.C., where he 
coraraenced tree planting on a large scale. 

He married Elizabeth Mary, dau. of the Rev. T. 
Daniel, of Tliaba 'Nchu, O.R.C. 

NEWTON, Francis James, C.M.J., Bar- 
rister-at-Law, of Salisbury, Rhodesia ; Hilling- 
don House, Uxbridge; and of Arthur's Club, 
was born at St. Croix, W.I., Sept. 13, 1857. 
He was educated at Rugby and Univ. 
Coll., Oxford, where he graduated M.A. Ho 
was A.D.C. to Sir Hercules Robinson in 1881, 
and acted as his private secy, from 1883 to '89. 
From 1890 to 1895 he was Colonial Secy, and 
Receiver-Gen. for the Bechuanaland Protec- 
torate, and was Resident Commissioner in 
Bechuanaland from 1895 until 1897. But 
after the Jameson Raid inquiry he was trans- 
ferred to British Honduras as Colonial Secy., 
where he served from 1898 to 1901, occupying 
a similar position in the Barbados from 1901-2, 
when he returned to England with a view to a 
further appointment in S.A. In the latter 
year he was appointed Treas. of S. Rhodesia 
and member of the Executive Council. Mr. 
Newton married, March 12, 1889, Henrietta, 
eldest dau. of D. Cloete, of Newlands, Cape 

NICHOLSON, CoL. John S., was bom in 
1868. He is son of W. Nicholson, of Basing 
Park, and brother of W. G. Nicholson, M.P. 
for East Hants. Obtained his commission in 
the 7th Hussars in 1884 ; went to Bulawayo 
as an Imperial representative to take over the 
command of the M.M.P. very soon after the 
outbreak of the Matebele War (1896), rendering 
conspicuous services till the close of the cam- 
paign in Matabeleland. Towards the end of 
1896 he was appointed Commandant of the 
Chartered Co.'s forces north of the Zambesi. 

NIGHTINGALE, Thomas Slingsby, of 103, 
Comeragh Rd., Kensington, and of the Royal 
Societies Club, was born at Bedford, C.C., Jan. 
29, 1866. He is eldest son of the late Percy 
Nightingale, Inspecting Civil Commissioner, 
C.C. (d. 1895), and great-grandson of Sir 
Chas. E. Nightingale, 7th Bart., of Knees- 
worth Hall, Cambridgeshire, and was educated 
at the Royal Naval Sen., New Cross, and at St. 
George's Sch., Brampton, Hvmtingdon. He 
joined the Cape Civil Service as clerk, and after 
filling various minor offices at K. W. Town, 
Cape Town, P. Elizabeth, and Kimberley, 
became Acting R.M., Sub-Collector of Customs 
and Port Officer at Port NoUoth in 1891, and 
first-class clerk and asst. warehouse keeper 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Customs Dept. at East London (C.C.) and Port 
Elizabeth in 1896. In Nov., 1898, he was 
appointed Chief Clerk in the London office of 
the Cape Agent-Gen., and became Asst.-Secy. 
in April 1902. He was appointed, under Rule 
274, a Commissioner of the Supreme Coxirt of 
the C.C. Mr. Nightingale married, in 1900, 
Doris, dau. of Chas. S. CoUison, of East Bilney, 

NILAND, B., M.L.A., represents the electoral 
division of Fort Bea\ifort in the Cape Parlia- 
ment, to which he was elected in the Progres- 
sive interest in Feb. 1904. 

NIND, Chables Edward, of the Conserva- 
tive (London), the Kimberley, Rand, Civil 
Service (C.T.) and City (C.T.) Clubs, is son of the 
Rev. P. H. Nind, of Woodcote House, Oxon., 
where he was born Aug. 24, 1847. He was 
educated at Marlborough Coll. Originally in 
business for some years in Bombay and Bvir- 
mah, he went to S.A. in 1881, and has resided 
in Kimberley mostly since that time. He is a 
Director of the De Beers Consolidated Mines 
and various other S.A. Cos. 

NORRIE,. Ebenezeb Steven, of the New 
Club, Johannesburg, was bom in New Zealand. 
He is second son of the Rev. Thos. Nome, Pres- 
byterian Minister of Papakiu-a, Auckland, N.Z., 
who married Elizabeth Angus, eldst dau. of 
the late Ebenezer Steven, of Glasgow. Mr. 
Norrie joined the staff of the South British Fire 
and Marine Insurance Co. of New Zealand, 
in 1884, and arrived in Johannesburg in Feb., 
1893, as the Transvaal Representative of that 
institution which is there domiciled in its own 
premises. Mr. Norrie is a non-resident Fellow 
(for life) of the R.C.I. 

OATS, Francis, M.L.A., of Kimberley, and 
of St. Just, Cornwall, is member of the Cape 
Legislative Assembly for the electoral division 
of Namaqualand, for which he was last re- 
elected in Feb., 1904. He supports the Pro- 
gressive Party ; is a Director of the De Beers 
and a few other S.A. Cos. 

O'CALLAGHAN, Sir Francis Langford, 
K.C.M.G. (1902), CLE. (May 1883), C.S.I. 
(Jan. 1888), of Crichmere, Guildford, is the son 
of the late James O'Callaghan, J.P. of Drisheen, 
County Cork, and is descended directly from 
one of the Chiefs of the Clan or Sept of O'Cal- 
laghans outlawed by Charles I. in 1642. He 

was born July 22, 1839, at Kilcorman Rectory, 
Limex'ick, and educated at private schools and 
at Queen's Coll., Cork. He graduated M.E. 
Royal (formerly Queen's) Univ., Ireland. 
He is M.I.C.E. and F.R.G.S. He entered the 
service of the Govt, of India in the Pubhe 
Works Dept. under covenant with the Secy, 
of State for India in June, 1862. He was posted 
to the Central Provinces, then governed by 
the late Sir Richard Temple ; was frequently 
mentioned favourably in the Administration 
Reports by that and subsequent Governors. 
He was posted to the State Railways branch 
in 1870, when that branch was organized by 
Lord Mayo, then Viceroy of India. He rose 
quickly through the various grades of the Dept. 
and in 1889 succeeded Sir Guildford Molesworth 
as Consulting Engineer. I)uring this period he 
was Engineer-in-Chief for the construction of 
various State Railways, and was several times 
thanked by the Govt, of India for his services. 
In 1892 he was appointed Secy, to the Govt, 
of India, and retired from the service under the 
age rule in 1894. He was created CLE. for 
construction of the bridge over the Indus at 
Attock, and C.S.I, for the building of the rail- 
way through the Bolan Pass in 1885-86. In 
Sept., 1895, he was selected as managing member 
(or Director) of the Uganda Committee at the 
Foreign Office, and it was in recognition of his 
services on that Committee that he received 
the K.C.M.G. among the Coronation honours 
in 1902. He married, on Sept. 22, 1875, A. M. 
Powell, dau. of Col. Powell, of County Cork. 

O' CONNER, Gen., commenced his military 
career in the Corps of Guides which distinguished 
itself before Metz. Dviring the second siege of 
Paris, necessitated by the Comnnme, he was 
A.D.C. to De Gallifet. He campaigned in 
Timis and commanded the cavalry in Tonking. 
He is now engaged in active operations in 

O'DWYER, Arthur Williamson, F.A.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Old Calabar, is the son of Maj. 
Gage Hall O'Dw^'er, late of the 1st Indian 
Regt. He was born Feb. 21, 1861, at Free- 
town, Sierra Leone, and was educated at the 
Roman Catholic and Wesleyan High Schs. 
at Freetown. Mr. O'Dwyer entered the Public 
Works Dept. as Clerk in 1878, and was 
transferred to Customs and Harbour Master's 
Office, 1879. He relinquished office for mer- 
cantile pvirsuits in 1880, and travelled to the 
Oil Rivers, now Southern Nigeria, and became 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Consular Clerk to E H. Hewett, C.M.G., H.M. 
Consul-Gen. for Bights of Benin and Biafra, 
1888. He saw active service dviring the block- 
ade of Opobo, 1889, and was mentioned in 
despatches and received the thanks of H.M.'s 
Secy, of State for Foreign Affairs. Mr. O'Dwyer 
served respectively as Store Keeper to the 
Protectorate Administration, and PajTuaster 
of the Chartered yacht Whydan. He was 
appointed Clerk of the Post Office in 1894, 
Chief Clerk 1897, and Postmaster in 1900. He 
was transferred to Pay and Quartermaster's 
Office, Southern Nigeria Regt., in 1902. He 
is unmarried. 

OLIVER, H. A., M.L.A., is one of the four 
Progressive members for Namaqualand, for 
which electoral division he was returned in 
Feb. 1904. He speaks lucidly and forcibly, 
and is regarded as a considerable acquisition 
to the debating power of the House. 

O'MOLONY, Chidley Kearnan, of Kiltanon 
House, Kjmberley, is the son of Lieut. Henry 
Anthony O'Molony, was born at Cawnpore, 
Jan. 1845, while the first Sikh War was raging, 
his father being present at the battles of Movodku, 
Ferozeshah, Aliwal, and Sobraon. Mr. O'Molony 
comes of the very ancient Milesian family of 
Molony of Kiltanon, co. Clare, his father was 
second son of Lambert Molony, formerly of the 
H.E.I.C.S., and again assumed the prefix 
which was dropped by the head of the family 
after the Revolution of 1688, the family name 
still remaining without the prefix. His early 
years were spent in the Royal Navy, retiring 
from the service soon after obtaining a first- 
class certifieate for the rank of Paymaster. 
He served in Australia and in New Zealand 
during the closing periods of the Maori War in 
the sixties ; also in the South Sea Islands, 
including the Samoa and Fiji groups ; in the 
Channel Fleet, and on the West Coast of Africa. 
Mr. O'Molony was mentioned in despatches 
by Col. (now Gen.) Kekewich for services in his 
Civil capacity diu-ing the siege of Kimberley 
by the Boers in 1899-1900. Mr. O'Molony is 
Town Clerk and Treas. of the important 
borough of Kimberley, in which capacity he 
has served for some years and still holds the 
appointment. He is a J.P. for the District of 
Kimberley, of a studious disposition, and is also 
very fond of shooting. He married, in 1872, 
Emma, dau. of the late H. Schofield Sugden, 
formerly Deputy-Gov. of H.M. Prison at 
Gibraltar. Of his five children one son, Chidley 

Selwyn Anthony O'Molony, is in the service of 
the O.R.C. and another, Ernest Andrew 
O'Molony, is in the Rhodesian Railway Service. 

OOSTHUIZEN, Okkert Axmero, M.L.A., 
is Bond member of the Cape Legislative Assem- 
bly for the electoral division of JansenviUe, 
for which he was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

ORPEN, Joseph Millaed, F.R.C.I., of 
Salisbury, Rhodesia, and Avoca District, Barkly 
East, C.C, is the son of the late Rev. Charles 
Edward Herbert Orpen, M.D., F.R.C.P. Lon- 
don, F.R.C.S. Dublin, was born in Dublin, 
Nov. 5, 1828, and educated privately. 

Mr. Orpen is probably the oldest of the S.A. 
Parliamentarians, and was until late in 1903 
Surveyor-Gen. of Rhodesia, having administered 
its Dept. of Lands and Agricultm-e since 1896. 
He was also a member of its Legislative and 
Executive Councils. 

On Dec. 24, 1846, when just tiu'ned seven- 
teen, he arrived with three of his brothers in 
Table Bay. Thence they went to their elder 
brother's farm, " Taaibosch-fontein," in the 
then Colesberg District, between Naauwpoort 
and De Aar. After a few months' study with 
his father, who arrived in the Colony with his 
wife and the rest of the family in Jan. 1848, 
Mr. Orpen, in 1849, passed his theoretical and 
practical examinations for a Cape Govt. Land 
Surveyorship, and received that appointment 
as well as a Justiceship of the Peace early in 
1851. In the Kafir War of that year, he served 
as a Lieut, of Volunteers. Early in 1852, he, 
with his eldest brother, F. H. S. Orpen, under- 
took to survey for the Govt, of the tlien " Orange 
River Sovereignty " the Harrisniith or Vaal 
River District of that Colony. In Aug. 1853, 
H.M. Ministers announced, through a Special 
Commissioner sent to Bloemfontein, their 
intention to abandon the territory immediately, 
calling upon its Eiu-opean inhabitants to elect 
delegates and constitute a Republican Govt. 
Mr. Orpen and his brother were elected dele- 
gates at Harrismith, and received instructions 
from their constituents to protest against and 
resist abandonment. This Assembly of Dele- 
gates, of which Mr. J. M. Orpen is the only 
surviving member, met on Sept. 5, 1853, and, 
after a short session, passed a unanimous pro- 
test against abandonment, and elected a stand- 
ing committee to represent them permanently 
in so doing. Of tliis committee Mr. Orpen and 
his brother, who had each taken a prominent 
part in the Assembly's proceedings, were 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

elected members. The committee supported a 
public deputation, which proceeded to England 
to petition Govt, against abandonment, but 
on Sept. 23, 1854, H.M. Special Commissioner 
formally abandoned the territory, removed the 
troops and Govt, officers, and handed over the 
administration to those who had, under his 
encouragement, organized a movement in favour 
of abandonment. In the Convention which 
thus created the O.F.S. Republic, it 
was, however, stipulated that an elective 
constituent and Legislative Council should be 
called together within three months, and Mr. 
Orpen was at once re-elected by Harrismith 
to represent it in the first Volksraad of the Free 
State. He then took a leading part in the 
framing of the Constitution of that State, which 
lasted, with little rnodification, till the recent 
fall of the two Republics. After the proro- 
gation of that Volkrsaad (of which Mr. Orpen is, 
likewise, the sole survivor), he was appointed 
by the Pres. to conduct negotiations and open 
up friendly relations with Moshesh, the aged 
chief of Basutoland, which had been received 
under the Queen's sovereignty and then aban- 
doned by H.M. Govt. After Mr. Orpen had 
successfully opened these negotiations and 
relations, the Pres. at the public request of the 
inhabitants of the District of Winbiu-g, induced 
him to accept the position of Landdrost of 
that district. To it the District of Harrismith 
was annexed by a resolution of the Volksraad 
in its next session. Tlius Mr. Orpen was given 
the fiscal and magisterial administration of 
two-thirds of the Free State, which, being 
bounded by the Vaal River, then included a 
considerable territory afterwards comprised 
in the Transvaal Republic. His position in- 
cluded an ex-officio membership both of the 
Volksraad and of the Supreme Court of Justice 
and Appeal, which was called " The Court of 
Combined Landdrosts," and consisted of three 
of those officials. In this court Mr. Orpen at 
times presided, being then only twenty-four 
years of age. Within a few rhonths of his 
appointment (in Sept. 1854), Mr. Orpen had 
to deal with the first attempt on the part of 
the adherents of Comdt.-Gen. Marthinus 
Pretorius, of the Transvaal, to overthrow the 
Govt, of the O.F.S. By diplomacy, however, 
Mr. Orpen was successful in frustrating this 
attempt, though it was renewed, in an armed 
invasion by Pretorius and Kriiger, a few 
years later. Co-operating with the Paramount 
Chief of the Basutos, Mr. Orpen produced a 
satisfactory state of affairs on the whole 

Basuto border of his District, while he success- 
fully repressed attempts by burghers of the 
Free State to kidnap native children beyond 
and within its borders. In connection with this 
practice of kidnapping, Mr. Orpen was sent on 
a mission to the territories north of Natal, and 
so demonstrated the extensive nature of that 
practice, that legislation against it was passed 
in the Cape Parliament and the Free State 
Volksraad. In 1856, Mr. Orpen was deputed 
by the Pres. to represent him in giving direc- 
tions on the spot to officers of a Free State 
Commando, sent to coerce the native chief, 
Wietzie, and remove him from the Harrismith 
District, where he was occupying farms granted 
to whites during the British regime. During 
this commando, Mr. Orpen (with difficulty and 
by his own action alone) restored to their 
mothers a number of native children who had 
been seized by members of the commando. 
The first expeditionary force, having broken up 
without accomplishing its object, the Pres. 
gave Mr. Orpen authority to raise and take 
command of another commando, with which 
he carried the operations to a successful con- 
clusion. In the Presidential speech at the 
opening of the next session of the Raad, these 
services were brought to the notice of the 
Assembly, and at the conclusion of the session 
a vote of thanks for these and other service, 
was accorded to him. He soon afterwards 
resigned and retired to the District of Aliwal 
North, in the C.C, where the Governor, 
Sir George Grey, entrusted him with extensive 
surveys. Seeing that a war was imminent 
between the Free State and the Basutos over 
a question of disputed frontier, he used his 
influence with the Paramount Chief, Moshesh, 
to induce him to propose to the Pres. that all 
questions at issue should be referred to the 
arbitration of the Governor of the Cape. This 
proposal was not accepted, and the Pres., after 
repulsing an invasion by Pretorius and Kriiger, 
declared war upon Moshesh, but being unsuc- 
cessful, eventually proposed to Moshesh the very 
mediation which he had before declined, also 
begging Sir George Grey to press it upon 
Moshesh. The latter at once accepted it, 
and, acting on Mr. Orpen's advice, commenced 
a series of petitions to the British Govt, to be 
again taken under its sovereignty. This, after 
some years and another war, led to the ulti- 
mate annexation of Basutoland to the British 

Mr. Orpen, in 1863, acquired landed property 
in the District of Aliwal North, upon which he 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


still carries on farming operations on an exten- 
sive scale. In Feb. 1872, he was chosen (in a 
bye-election) to represent the division of Queens- 
town in the Cape House of Assembly. Both be- 
fore and after his election, he strongly advocated 
the gradual and steady extension, with the con- 
sent of the native tribes, of British authority 
over the coimtries lying outside Colonial juris- 
diction between the Cape Colony and Natal, 
where native relations existed, entailing serious 
responsibilities, without practical means of 
fulfilling them. Mui-der and intertribal blood- 
shed were rife, and general misgovernment 
prevailed. During the sessions of 1872 and 
1873, Mr. Orpen pressed his views in the Assem- 
bly, and moved for select committees to con- 
sider the state of the Colony's native relations, 
and elicited much information through the 
reports of those committees. He voted against 
the introduction of Party Government, on the 
grounds that it would lead, with disastrous 
results, to native affairs becoming the football 
of party politics. 

After the dissolution of the Cape Parliament 
in 1873, Mr. Orpen was asked by the first 
Ministry of the C.C. to take office as British 
Resident in the territory between the Umtata 
and Natal, with the object of developing and 
extending the authority and jurisdiction of 
Govt, there. That territory was in a state of 
war on his arrival in it in Aug. 1873, but before 
Nov. of that year British authority had so far 
advanced that on the outbreak of the rebellion 
of Langalibalele, in Natal, Mr. Orpen was able 
to raise a native army and take part in the 
movements for suppressing the outbreak. 
His services in this respect were honoiu"ably 
mentioned in 1874, both by the Natal and Cape 
Govts, in their reports to their respective 
Parliaments. Without external support Mr. 
Orpen succeeded in establishing authority, 
jurisdiction, and just administration as far as 
the borders of Natal, and was able to punish 
some of the chiefs in those territories placed 
under his charge for murders committed under 
the pretext that the victims were guilty of 
witchcraft, and thus to a great extent suppressed 
that cruel system. Mr. Orpen's administration 
in the territories mentioned, lasted from Aug., 
1873, to June, 1875. The last territory an- 
nexed during that time was Griqualand East, 
at that time governed by Adam Kok. He and 
his people, the Griquas, had been permitted to 
occupy it (it being land ceded to Govt.) on the 
written stipulation that they should eventtially 
be placed under the direct administration of 

the Govt. Adam Kok in Council now asked, 
and caused the request to be recorded, that he 
should be either placed under direct administra- 
tion or made wholly independent. Governor 
Sir Henry Barkly thereupon, acting on the 
advice of his ministers, proceeded to Kokstad, 
declared the Govt, of Adam Kok at an end, 
accorded him a retiring pension of £1,000 a 
year, and placed the administration in the hands 
of Mr. Orpen. In 1875, after very honourable 
mention in the Governmental report to Parlia- 
ment, Mr. Orpen resigned his office and returned 
to farming and the practice of his profession. 

It was while he was engaged in a large survey 
for Govt, in the District of Hay, in Griqualand 
West, that a rebellion of the Griquas, Korannas 
and Kafirs of that territory broke out in 1878. 
Mr. Orpen was appointed at fu"st Capt. of the 
Corps of Gviides, then Chief of the Intelligence 
Dept. on the Staff, and afterwards Maj. in com- 
mand, as well as a C.C. and R.M. over the seat 
of the rebellion. He held these offices for six 
months till the close of the rebellion and the 
Bechuanaland War. He was engaged in several 
battles and honourably mentioned in despatches 
,by Lieut. -Governor Sir W. O. Lanyon, and by 
Gen. Sir Charles Warren, on whose staffs he had 

In 1879, Mr. Orpen was re-elected member of 
the Cape House of Assembly for the Division of 
Aliwal North. He retained that seat till Aug. 
1881, when, after the impotent close of the cam- 
paign in Basutoland, Col. C. D. Griffith, C.M.G., 
who had, before the rebellion, been a most suc- 
cessful Governor's Agent and Chief JNIagistrate, 
retired, as he did not consider the restoration of 
authority possible by him, under existing circum- 
stances. He advised that Mr. Orpen should suc- 
ceed him, as he believed that only under his 
administration was there any possibihty of 
success. In the admittedly difficult task of 
administering Basutoland without extraneous 
support, Mr. Orpen met with a considerable 
measiore of success. He collected a large 
amount of Hut Tax, pxinished the Chiefs Jona- 
than and Joel, who had fought against each 
other, and restored authority over a considerable 
portion of the population, but one of the Basuto 
chiefs, Masupha, being opposed to the estabhsh- 
ment of Colonial authority, the Ministry gave 
up the attempt to enforce it, withdrew all 
magisterial jurisdiction, and determined to 
appeal to the Imperial Govt, to undertake itself 
the govt, of Basutoland, and allow the repeal 
of the Act annexing it to the C.C. Upon 
this, Mr. Orpen was retired, in March, 1883, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

with expressions of high regard, and shortly 
afterwards Basutoland reverted to the direct 
rule of the Imperial Govt. 

Mr. Orpen then went to reside on his property 
in what is now the District of Barkly East. In 
1889, he was again elected Senior Member for the 
Electoral Division of Wodehouse to the Cape 
House of Assembly, was re-elected in a subse- 
quent general election, and held his seat till 
1896, when he was called to be Svirveyor-Gen. of 
Rhodesia and Member of its Executive and 
Legislative Councils. He married, March 31, 
1859, Elise Pauline, dau. of the Rev. S. RoUand. 

ORPEN, W. Redmond, M.L.A., represents 
Prieska in the Cape House of Assembly ; was first 
elected in Feb. 1904, and supports the progressive 
party in the House. 

ORSMOND, M.C., M.L.A., represents Aliwal 
North in the Cape Parliament ; was elected in 
Feb. 1904, and is a Progressive member. 

PALMER, Sir Elwin Mitfobd, K.C.B., 
K.C.M.G. ; 1st class Osmanieh, 1st class Medji- 
dieh, 1st class St. Saviour (Greece) ; of Cairo, .. 
Egypt, and Park Mansions, Albert Gate, London, 
is the son of Edward Palmer, He was born 
March 3, 1852, and was educated at Lancing 
Col. Sir Elwin served in the Indian Finan- 
cial Dept. from 1870-1885, and occupied 
the position of Acct. -General in Egypt, 
1885-89, and was Financial adviser to H.H. 
the Khedive, 1889-98. He is at the present time 
Gov. of the National Bank of Egypt and 
Pros, of the Agricultural Bank of Egypt. 
He married Mary Augusta Lynch, dau. of Maj. 
Clogstown, V.C. 

PARK, Maitland Hall, of 17, Mill St., 
The Gardens, Cape Town, and of the Imperial 
Colonies (London) and Civil Service and City 
Clubs (C.T.), is the youngest son of the late 
Rev. Hugh Park, and was born Oct. 10, 1862, at 
Cumbernauld, Diunbartonshire, N.B. He was 
educated at the Glasgow High Sch., and 
Glasgow Univ. , where he headed the list in open 
Bursary Competitions and graduated in Arts 
some years later, in 1885, In 1885 he was ap- 
pointed Sub-Editor of the " Glasgow Herald," 
and a year later he joined the staff of the 
" Pioneer," Allahabad, N.W.P. India, and 
remained there as Assistant Editor, Officiating 
Ed. and Ed. -in-Chief until 1902 when he was 
appointed Chief Editor of the " Cape Times " 
in succession to Mr. Saxon Mills (q. v.) He is an 

able journalist who has made his mark in India, 
and who bids fair to worthily carry on the high 
traditions of the " Cape Times." 

PARKIN, De. G. R., C.M.G., resigned the post 
of Principal of Upper Canada Col. to accept 
the position of Organizer of the Rhodes 
Scholarships, a scheme which involves his 
travelling round the world. 

PARSONS, Major Harold Daniel Edmttnd, 
C.M.G., of Southbourne-on-Sea, and the Isth- 
mian Club, is the fourth son of Major-Gen. 
J. E. B. Parsons, Indian Army, who was the 
fourth son of the late Lieut. -Gen. J. D. Parsons, 
C.B., of the Indian Army, who was great-grandson 
of Samuel Parsons, of Powerstown, County Tip- 
perary. Hewasborn July 3, 1863, in London, and 
was educated at Dulwich Coll. He joined the 
" Queen's " Regt. in 1882 and saw active 
service in the Burmese Campaign in 1887, re- 
ceiving medal with two clasps. He joined the 
Army Ordnance Dept., 1890, and was promoted 
Capt in the following year. He was Chief 
Ordnance Officer, Straits Settlements, 1894 to 
1898, and in the latter year was promoted Maj. 
He served in the S.A. Campaign in 1899-1902 
with distinction. He held the appointment of 
Chief Ordnance Officer of various districts, and 
was mentioned in despatches. He received 
his C.M.G. in 1800 and the Queen's medal with 
three clasps and ling's medal with two clasps. 
He is now serving as Chief Ordnance Officer of 
the Western District. He married, Feb 10, 1892, 
Julia, second dau. of Thomas Archer, C.M.G. , 
of Grassmere, Queensland, late Agent-Gen, for 
Queensland. He has one son, Harold Archer 
James, born 1895. 

PEACE, Sir Walter, K.C.M.G., Chevalier de 
I'ordre de Leopold, of 39, Hyde Park Gate, S.W., 
and of the St. Stephen's, Junior Constitutional, 
Imperial Service, Colonial, and Durban Clubs, 
was born at Huddersfield, Oct. 19, 1840. He is 
the son of James Peace, professor of music, of 
Huddersfield, and was educated at a private 
academy in that town. Sir Walter went to Natal 
in 1863, and became head of the firm of Peace, 
Blandy & Co., merchants. He was Consul for 
Belgiiun at Durban, and Vice-Consul for Portugal. 
1870-1879. He was appointed Natal Emigration 
and Harbour Board Agent in London in 1880, 
and Agent-Gen. for Natal in 1893, in whicli 
year he was made C.M.G., receiving the honour 
of Knighthood in 1897. He is the auther of 
" Our Colony of Natal " and " Notes on Natal." 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Sir Walter is a fellow or member of various 
Institutes, and Hon. Member of the Institute 
of Marine Engineers. He was one of the Royal 
Commissioners for the Paris Exhibition in 1900 ; 
was a Commissioner for the Colonial and Indian 
Exhibition in 1886 ; is a Member of the Advisory 
Conmiittee of the Board of Trade in connection 
with the Imperial Institute, and is a member 
of Mr. Chamberlain's Tariff Commission, He 
married, April 24, 1869, Caroline, youngest dan. 
of Wm. Tilbrook, of Woodham Lodge, near 

PEACOCK, John Michael, of Addiscombe, 
Queenstown, C.C., and of the National 
Liberal (Lond.) and City (C.T.) Clubs; is 
son of George Peacock of Manchester, where he 
was born, Feb. 22, 1831 ; was educated privately, 
and proceeding to the Cape became senior 
partner in the merchant firm of Peacock Bros., 
of London, Queenstown, and East London 
(G.C). He represented King WUliamstown 
in the Cape House of Assembly from 1874 to 
1877 ; was appointed by the Scanlen Ministry 
a member of the Committee of Advice to Sir 
Chas. Mills, the first Agent-Gen. for the Cape 
of Good Hope in 1883 ; and sat in the Legislative 
CouncU for the E. Circle, C.C, from 1891 to 1898. 
Mr. Peacock married, Sept. 25, 1867, a dau. of 
I. Hincksman, cotton spirmer, of Preston, Lanes. 

PEAKE, Major (local LiEUT.-CoL.) Malcolm, 
R.F.A., C.M.G.. 4th Class of the Imperial Orders 
of theOsmanieh (1899) and Medjidieh (1896), of 
Cairo, and of the Naval and Military, Boodle's, 
and the Cavalry Clubs ; was born in London, 
March 27 1805; is youngest son of Frederick 
Peake, of Burrough, Melton Mowbray, Leicester- 
shire, was educated at Charterhouse, and joined 
the Egyptian army in July, 1895. He served 
in the various campaigns of 1896,-97,-98,-99 
for the recovery of the Sudan and the destruction 
of the Dervish power. He received a brevet 
majority in 1896, and was subsequently decorated 
with the Medjidieh, the Osmanieh, and the Queen's 
medal and the Khedive's medal with clasps for 
Ferket, Hafir, Nile (1897), Atbara, Khartum 
and Nile (1899). Major Peake commanded a 
battery of artillery under Lord Kitchener 
when Comdt. Marchand was encountered at 
Fashoda in Sept. 1898, and had command of the 
expedition sent to the Upper Nile in Dec. 1899 
to clear the sudd away and open a waterway, 
which was completed in May 1900, in which 
month the first steamer from the north reached 
Gondokow. For this service he was decorated 

with the C.M.G. He now commands the artil- 
lery of the Egyptian army, and is in charge of all 
small arms and anununition connected with the 
Egyptian army and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. 
He married, June 20, 1900, Louisa, eldest dau. 
of the late P. H. Osborne, of Currandooley, New 
South Wales. 

PEARSE, Samuel Herbert, F.R.C.I., of 
Lagos, and Old Calabar, N. Africa, was born in 
the Colony of Lagos, Nov. 20, 1865, and is the 
only surviving son of the late Rev. S. Pearse, of 
the C.M.S. He was educated at the C.M.S. 
Gram. Sch. at Lagos ; was trained to com- 
mercial pursuits on the West Coast, and entered 
into a partnership in 1890 with the late I. A. 
Thompson, trading in Lagos and London. This 
partnership was dissolved in 1894, when he 
started on his own account at Lagos and after- 
wards at Old Calabar. In 1897 he visited Benin 
city and the adjoining forests, under Govt, 
auspices, reporting on the rubber resources, etc. 
He was elected in 1901 a Life FeUow of the R.C.I. 
He married, in June, 1897, Constance, eldest dau. 
of J. P. Decker, of Lagos. 

PEARSON, Alfred Naylor, of Pietermaritz- 
burg, was born May 17, 1856, at Leeds, Eng, 
and was educated in liis native town and at the 
Royal Sch. of Mines, London. In 1874 he 
obtained a Royal Exhibition at that Institution, 
and for two years was at the head of tlie examina- 
tions, thus gaining two additional scholarships. 
In 1877 he accepted a position in Kutch, IncMa, 
in connection with the development of the 
mineral resom-ees of the State. After thirteen 
months' service he resigned and was appointed 
temporarily Curator of the Victoria and Albert 
Museum, Bombay, and acting Prof, of Biology 
of the Elphinston Coll. in that city. In 1880 he 
wais appointed Resident Engineer of the Wjmaad 
G.M.C., resigning that position in 1882 to assume 
temporary charge for two and a-half years of 
the Meteorological Department in Western 
India. In 1884 he was made Fellow of the 
University of Bombay ; at the end of that year 
he left for Australia, and in the following j'^ear 
was appointed Exaininer for higher degrees in 
various science subjects at the University of" 
Melbourne. In 1886 he was appointed Chemist 
to the Dept. of Agricultiu-e, Victoria, and 
svibsequently Chemist of Lands, Agriculture 
and Wat-er Supply in that Colony. In 1888 
he was appointed Member of the Royal Inter- 
colonial Commission to report on proposals by 
Pastetu: and others for suppressing the rabbit 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

pest in Australia. After serving on various 
conferences and receiving a resolution of thanks 
for " splendid services to the Agriculture of the 
State," he was appointed in 1901 Director of 
Agriculture in Natal, and subsequently gazetted 
also as Commissioner of Industries for that 

Under his direction a large experimental farm 
of 3,600 acres is being laid out. He is the author 
of many reports, papers, and other writings upon 
the development of the mineral resources of 
India, meteorological works on parts of India, 
agricultiu-al subjects connected with Australia, 
also on various educational, scientific and literary 
matters, and a scheme of agricultural settlement 
for Natal, which he has written in co-authorship 
with the Sxirveyor-Gen. He married : first, 
in 1882, the eldest dau. of Dr. R. T. Corbett, 
M.D., etc., Glas., and second, in 1896, the eldest 
dau. of Richard Harding, and sister of Maj. 
R. Harding, of Melbourne, Australia. 

PEEL, The Right Revd. William George, 
D.D., Lord Bishop of Mombasa, of Bishop's 
Court, Mombasa, East Africa, and the Mombasa 
Club, was born in N. India, in 1854. He is son 
of Capt. Peel, who daed in Calcutta of cholera. 
He was educated at the Blackheath Proprietary 
Sch., and at the Church Missionary Theological 
Coll., Islington ; was ordained Deacon at St. 
Paul's, London, in 1879 ; Priest, 1880 ; and was 
consecrated Bishop in 1899. He was Ciu-ate, 
Trowbridge, Wilts, 1879-80 ; Rugby Fox Master, 
Noble Coll., Masulipatam, 1880-87 (Acting- 
Principal for three years) ; Acting Secy. Church 
Missionary Society, Diocese of Madras, 1888, '89 
and '92, and was Secy, of the Chm-ch Missionary 
Society, Diocese of Bombay, 1892-99. He 
married, Aug. 3, 1880, Agneta Jane, dau. of the 
Rev. R. Guy Bryan, late Principal of Monkton 
Combe School, nr. Bath. 

PEIRSON, Joseph Waldie, F.R.G.S., 
F.R.C.I., of Johannesburg (P.O. Box 561), of 
2, Mitre Court Buildings, Temple, E.C., and of 
the Royal Societies (London), the Rand, New, 
Athenaeum and Wanderers' (Johannesburg) 
Clubs, and the Jockey Club of S.A. ; was bom 
at Darlington, Coimty Durham, July 31, 1865. 
He is eldest son of Joseph Peirson, of Stokesley, 
Yorks., and Margaret, dau. of Thomas Waldie, 
of Darlington ; was educated at the High Sch., 
Pietermaritzburg, and at Dr. Ehrlich's Sch., at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne. He is a Barrister of the 
Inner Temple, and Advocate of the Supreme 
Court of the Transvaal. He went to Natal in 

1877, and to Johannesburg in 1889, where he is 
on the boards of several G.M. Cos. He has been 
member of the Provincial Synod of S.A. and 
on the Diocesan Synods of Maritzburg and Pre- 
toria on several occasions, and is Chancellor of 
the Diocese of Pretoria (1903). He is also Vice- 
Pres. of the Geological Soc. of S.A. ; on the 
Council of the Soc. of Accomitants and Auditors 
of Eng. (Transvaal branch) ; Fellow of the 
Chartered Inst, of Secretaries (Eng.) ; Member 
of the Council of the Witwatersrand Agricultural 
Soc. ; Mem. of the Johannesburg Chamber of 
Commerce, and Mem. of the Transvaal Chamber 
of Mines. His recreations are racing and bridge. 

PENTON, Major (local Lieut.-Col.) Richard 
Hugh, D.S.O., R.A.M.C, 3rd class Medjidieh, 
4th class Osmanieh ; of the War Office, Cairo, 
Egypt, and the Jrniior United Service Club, is 
the eldest son of the late Major-Gen. John Pen- 
ton. He was born April 25, 1863, in Norfolk, 
and was educated at Norwich. Major Penton 
is M.R.C.S. and L.R.C.P. Lend. He joined the 
R.A.M.C. as Capt. in 1887, and saw service in the 
Dongola Expedition in 1896 (despatches, medal, 
two clasps and D.S.O.), in the Nile Expedition as 
S.M.O. of the Infantry Division of the Egyptian 
Army (despatches, medal, two clasps, Order of 
the Osmanieh), and in the Nile Expedition of 
the following year he served as P.M.O. of the 
Egyptian Army in the first advance against the 
Khalifa (clasp and Egyptian medal and 3rd 
class Medjidieh). 

PETERS, Dr. Carl Friedrich Htjheet, 
of 68, Buckingham Gate, London, S.W. is 
the son of a Lutheran clergyman in Hanover. 
He was bom at Neuhaus, Hanover, in 1856, and 
was educated at the High Sch. of Ifeld (Hartz 
Moiuitains), and at the Univ. of Gottingen, 
Tiibingen, Berlin, and in London. He is weU 
known as an African explorer and adminis- 
trator, and is the f ovinder of the German Coloniza- 
tion Socy. In 1884 he acquired in S.A. large 
tracts of land, and obtained for them an Im- 
perial Protectorate from the German Govt. 
As head of the German East Africa Co., he ex- 
tended its possessions and organized its stations, 
and was instrumental in bringing about a Colonial 
Congress in Berlin in 1886. In 1887 he returned 
to E. Africa and fought his way through Manica- 
land with reckless bloodshed and tried to place 
Uganda under German protection. He became 
Imperial German High Commissioner in the 
Kilimanjaro district, but had to resign his com- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


mission in the German service after an inquiry 
into his treatment of the natives in German E. 
Africa, which resulted in a verdict of " misuse of 
official power." He commanded the German 
Emin Pacha Relief expedition in 1889-90, and 
later, in 1899-1901, he embarked on a journey 
through Portuguese territory south of the Zam- 
besi and along the eastern border of Charterland, 
spending much time in the Makalango country, 
on behalf of a gold syndicate which he had 
formed in England. The results of his trip were 
published in a book called " The Eldorado of 
the Ancients," much of which is devoted to show- 
ing that the region between the Lower Zambesi 
and the Limpopo was the Land of Ophir, and even 
the Egyptian " Punt." He further maintains 
that Pharaoh kept a Governor in this district, of 
w^hich Quilimane was at that time the port. 
Dr. Peters has travelled on foot or horseback 
about 20,000 miles in the interior of Africa. 
His hunting trophies include 5 lion skins, 17 
rhino' horns, 7 double elephant tusks, and 4 
leopard skins. He has been decorated with the 
Order of the Prussian Crown, Albrecht Order 
(King of Saxony), Order of the Falcon (Grand 
Duke of Saxony), Order of the Lion of the Zah- 
ringens (Baden), etc. In addition to " The 
Eldorado of the Ancients," he is the author of 
several works, including " New Light on Dark 
Africa," " King Solomon's Golden Ophir," " Sun 
and Soul," etc., etc. Unmarried. 

PHILLIPS, Lionel, D.L., J.P., of 33, Gros- 
venor Square, London, and of Tylney Hall, 
Winchfield, Eng., was born in London in Aug. 
1854. He was on the diamond fields of Kimber- 
ley in the early days, but in 1889 he coached up 
to the Rand, and joined the fu-m of H. Eckstein 
& Co., of which he became the chief after the 
death of Hermann Eckstein. As a mining engi- 
neer he had a very considerable experience, but 
it required all his knowledge, resolution and 
energy to combat the difficulties of the early 
days of the Witwatersrand — not only the eco- 
nomic difficulties which had to be solved, but 
also the obstacles which a reactionary govt. 
placed in the way of progress. These latter 
bore especially hard on the mining industry, 
and in those days every captain of industry in 
the S.A.R. was forced in self-defence to take an 
active part in local politics. As Pres. of the 
Johannesburg Chamber of Mines and chief 
partner in the premier firm of the Rand, Mr. 
Lionel Phillips exercised the greatest influence 
in matters mineral and political. The long and 
bitter fight against Mr. Kriiger's govt, found an 

ardent champion in Mr. PhilHps. He was one 
of the four leaders of the Reform movement, 
and after the failure of the ill-starred raiding 
enterprise, he was tried v/ith Col. Frank Rhodes, 
J. Hays Hammond, and Sir Geo. Farrar (q.v.), 
and was condemned to death — a sentence which 
was afterwards communted to a fine of £2.5,000 
and banishment, in default of an undertaking 
not to eddle in the politics of the State for 
15 years, {See also Dr. Coster and Judge 
Gregorowsky). On returning to England Mr. 
Phillips became a partner in the firm of Wernher, 
Beit & Co., in connection with which he takes a 
highly prominent place in financial circles, 
although so far as directorships go he sits only 
on the London Committees of the Angelo Deep, 
Cason G.M., Main Reef Deep, and Main Reef 
East Companies, and on the European Com- 
mittee of the East Rand Proprietary Mines. 
Mr. Phillips is an able speaker, and whether in 
bis public utterances or with his pen, always 
expresses himself in adequate and convincing 
phrases. He takes a more than ordinary in- 
terest in Egyptology ; is J.P. for Hampshire ; 
a D.L., and a member of the Committee on Com- 
mercial Edvication in connection with the Lon- 
don Chamber of Commerce. 

When in the Transvaal Mr. and Mrs. Lionel 
Phillips were at the head of the Uitlander com- 
munity. In England they entertain considerably 
and make capital hosts. Mrs. Phillips, after 
the Raid, published an interesting history of 
that period. 

POISSON, Frederick Cutlar, of Bar- 
tholomew House, London, E.G., is a cadet of 
one of the best families of S. Carolina. He was 
for some time engaged in mining in California, 
Texas, and other States. Subsequently he 
went to the De Kaap, where he went through 
rough times. In 1887, however, he left there 
for the Witwatersrand, and managed to ac- 
cumulate a comfortable fortune. Since his 
marriage Mr. Poisson has resided mainly in 
England. He is Chairman of the Consolidated 
Goldfields of Mexico and the Rand Investment 
Corporation, besides being on the Boards of 
the Belfast G.M. Co., the Copiapo Gold Mines, 
Felton's Copala Mines, Mexican (Oaxaca) Synd., 
and the Vista AUegre G.M. Estate. 

POTT, William, of the Rand, New, and Pre- 
toria Clubs, belongs to an old Border family, 
about which Tancred quotes in his " Annals," 
an old document, dated 1521, referring to the 
" Potts, Rutherfords, Dalglishes, and Robsons, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

who, with their followers, made a raid into Eng- 
land with two sleuthhounds and carried off a 
niimber of sheep and about 100 head of cattle." 
He was born in RoxbvrrghRhire, educated at Edin- 
burgh Acad., and went to New Zealand in 
1883 to start stock farming, but not satisfied 
with this, proceeded to the Transvaal in connec- 
tion with the Oceana Consolidated Co. in 1880. 
He took up the property management for Mr. 
J. C. A. Henderson in 1890, and the general 
managership of the Henderson Cos. in 1895, 
having meanwhile visited Matabeleland (1894) 
and been on two extended big game shoots be- 
tween Leydsdorp and Komati Poort (1892-3). 
He represented " South Africa " as special 
correspondent in Natal with Sir G. White's force, 
and was tlirough Ladysmith in that capacity. 
Mr. Pott is unmarried. 

POWELL, Edmtjnd, of " Cambria," Harfield 
Ed., Claremont, near Cape Town, and of the 
City Club, C.T., was born in Worcestershire 
in 1849. He is son of W. Powell, of Worces- 
ter, where he was educated, and commenced 
his business career. He joined the reporting 
staff of the " City Press " in 1871, becoming 
sub-editor of that well-loiown joui-nal. Trans- 
ferring to the " Cape Argus," as sub-ed. in 1880, 
he became editor in the following year, combining 
■with that the Resident Directorship of the Argus 
P. & P. Co., in 1889. During this time he has 
taken part in most public movements in the 
capital of the Colony, including election work 
and the organization of the Progressive party. 
Ho is on the executive of the S.A. Newspaper 
Press Union. Mr. Powell married, in 1876, Ellen 
Maria, dau. of Thomas Price, of Worcester. 

POWRIE, F., M.L.A., sits in the Cape Legis- 
lative Assembly as Progressive Member for 
Wodehouse, for which electoral division he was 
elected in Feb., 1904. 

PRETORIUS, Hon. M. J., M.L.C., is Member 
of the Cape Legislative Council for the North- 
East Circle, for which electoral division he was 
re-elected in Feb., 1904. He is a member of the 
S.A. party. 

PRICE, Thomas Ries, C.M.G., J.P., of Bryn 
Tirion, The Berea, Johannesbiirg, and of the 
Civil Service (C.T.), Rand, Pretoria, Bloem- 
fontein, and East London Clubs, was born at 
Merthyr Tydvil, South Wales, Feb. 20, 1848. 
He is the son of the late Rees and Hannah Price, 
of Carmarthenshire, and was educated at Bal- 
larat, S. Australia, and Swansea. Mr. Price 

was trained for the railway service, and had a 
varied experience in different depts. of the 
Great Western Railway until 1880, when he 
became District Traffic Superintendent of the 
Cape Govt. Railways at Grahamstown, and 
acted as Asst. -Traffic Manager at Cape Town. 
He was Asst. -Traffic Manager at Port Ehzabeth 
in 1881 ; Traffic Manager of the Eastern System 
in 1882 ; Traffic Manager of the Northern Sys- 
tem in 1892; Cape Govt. Railway Agent in 
the Transvaal and O.R.C. in the same year ; Chief 
Traffic Manager in 1893, and Asst. General 
Manager of Railways in 1901. He acted as 
Sir James Sivewright's adviser on railway 
matters in the negotiations with the Transvaal 
in 1890 ; is Hon. Col. of the Railway and 
Post Office Batt. of the Cape Peninsula Regt., 
is J. P. for the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, 
and Vice-Pres. of the Cape Cambrian Society. 
He married, March 20, 1872, Miss Mary Howell, 
of Neath. 

PRIOR, Melton, the famous war corres- 
pondent and artist, is well-known in S.A., 
where he has represented the " Illustrated 
London News " on many occasions. His ser- 
vices on behalf of that paper have been retained 
on the following occasions : — Ashanti War, 1873 ; 
the Carlist Rising, 1874; the Herzegovinian, 
Servian, Turlvish, Basuto, Zulu and first Boer 
Wars; Egypt, 1882; the Sudan and Nile Expedi- 
tion, the Burmese War, the Jameson Raid epi- 
sode of 1896, the Graeco-Tvirkish War and the 
Tuchim rising of 1897. He was besieged in 
Ladysmith diiring the Boer War of 1899-1902, 
and is now representing his paper in the Russo- 
Japanese War. In addition to these services 
as war artist, Mr. Prior accompanied liing 
Edward's (then Prince of Wales' ) suite to Athens 
in 1875, travelled with the Danish King's expe- 
dition through Iceland, accompanied the Mar- 
quess and Marchioness of Lome on their first 
visit to Canada, and was present at the Bei'lin 
Conference. In 1902 he left to represent his 
journal at the Coronation Durbar at Delhi. 

RABIDGE, W., M.L.A., represents Vryburg 
in the Cape Parliament, to which he was returned 
in Feb. , 1904. He supports the Progressive party. 

RABIE, Dirk de Vos, M.L.A., is Bond Mem- 
ber of the Cape Legislative Assembly for Wor- 
cester, for which electoral division he was re- 
elected in Feb. 1904. 

RADEMEYER, Jacobus Michael, M.L.A., 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


is member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
flumansdorp, for which electoral division he was 
re-elected in Feb., 1904, He belongs to the S.A. 

RADZIWILL, Princess Catherine, of Kenil- 
worth, near Cape Town, was born in 1858 ; she is 
descended from a princely Polish family, her 
father, Count Adam Rzewuski having been 
formerly Ambassador at Madrid, and A.D.C. 
to Czar Nicholas I. Her mother was Mdlle. 
Daschkoff. The Princess was a niece of Gen. 
Skobeloff, and also of Mme. de Balzac, wife of 
the great novelist at whose house in Paris she 
spent many of her early days. She was edu- 
cated in the Parisian capital, and was betrothed 
at the age of fifteen to Prince W. Radziwill, 
whom she married in 1873. She then resided 
mostly at Berlin where she became intimately 
acquainted with the Emperor William II, 
the Emperor and Empress Frederick and the 
present German Emperor, and moved in the 
highest covu-t and diplomatic circles in Germany 
and Russia. 

Taking up journalism, she started a weekly 
paper in Cape Tohti called " Greater Britain." 
In May, 1902, she was convicted in Cape Town 
of forging the late Mr. Cecil Rhodes' signature 
to a bill for £1,000, and was sentenced to two 
years' detention in a house of correction. She 
was released, however, in Aug. 1903, and in 
the following Nov., obtained a writ against Mr. 
Rhodes' trustees in respect of a claim against 
his estate for £1,400,000 under an alleged agree- 
ment dated about June 20, 1899. 

Princess Radziwill has published some novels 
in French, and has contributed a good deal 
to the British and American press. 

RATHBONE, Edgar Philip, of Johannes- 
burg (P.O. Box 927), and of the Rand, Pretoria, 
and Barberton Clubs, was born at Liverpool, 
Sept. 3, 1856. He is the son of the late Mr. 
Philip H. Rathbone, of Liverpool, was edu- 
cated at Univ. Coll., London, the Royal 
Sch. of Mines, London, and at the Sch. of 
Mines at Freiberg and Liege. He is a member 
of the following institutions : Institute of 
Civil Engineers, Institution of Mining and 
Metallurgy, S. African Association of Engineers, 
Chemical, Metalliu-gical and Mining Society 
of S.A., Geological Society of S.A., and is an 
Associate Member of the Chamber of Mines, 
Johannesburg, During some twenty-five years 
Mr. Rathbone has been engaged in active 
imining operations in S.A., Bolivia, Argentine 

Republic, the Brazils, Mexico, U.S.A., British 
Coliuubia, Klondyke, and many of the European 
mining districts. From the first he showed a, 
firm belief in the deep-level properties of the 
Rand, upon which he made many reports, 
and did great service to the industry, together 
with Mr. W. A. Wills, by writing a series of 
articles drawing attention to the immense 
potentialities of the Rand Goldfields, principally 
through the medium of the " South African 
Mining Joiu-nal " and the " African Review." 
He is at present the sole mining correspondent 
in the Transvaal of the " Times," and also acts 
as correspondent of the " Financier and Bul- 
lionist." For several years Mr. Rathbone 
occupied the position of Chief Inspector of 
Mines under the late Transvaal Govt. He 
married Miss Barbara Georges in 1892. 

RAUBENHEIMER, H. J., M.L.A., is the 
new Bond representative of the electoral divi- 
sion of George, C.C, in the Assembly, having 
been first elected in Feb. 1904. 

RAYNE, Leonard, of Johannesburg, has 
for some years past been a prominent figure 
as actor and manager in the theatrical world 
of S.A. He is lessee of the Gaiety Theatre, 
Johannesburg, joint lessee of the Port Elizabeth 
Opera House, besides running several theatrical 
ventures in other S.A. towns. 

REED, Rev. George Cxtllen Harvey, 
F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I., of the London Mission, 
Dombaclema ; of Bulilima, S. Rhodesia, and 
the Bulawayo Club ; was born at St. Leonard' s- 
on-Sea, Eng., ; is son of the Rev. Andrew Reed, 
B.A., and grandson of the Rev. Andrew Reed, 
D.D., founder of the Earlswood, Reedham, 
and Putney Asylums. He was educated at 
the Univ. Coll. Sch., Lend., and Univ. 
Coll., Lend. He first visited S.A. in 1887, and 
travelled for five years in Cape Colony and 
Natal. In 1894 he undertook mission work 
in Rhodesia under the Lond. Missionary Soc. 

REID, Arthur Henry, F.R.C.L, of Manna- 
mead, Kenilworth, Cape Town, and of the City 
(C.T.) and Rand Clubs ; was born at Plymouth, 
Devon, July 5, 1856 ; was educated at the 
Gram. Sch., Plymouth, and was trained as 
an engineer. He went to Cape Town in 1877 as 
Asst. City Engineer ; was appointed City 
Engineer of Grahamstown in 1879, and in 
1882 started a private practice in Port EUza- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

beth. He went to the Rand in 1886, practising 
as an architect ; sat on the Johannesbiirg 
Town Council for some years, and took an active 
part in the foundation of scientific and technical 
institutions. In 1897 he returned to Cape Town 
where, in partnership with his brother, Walter 
Reid, he still practises his profession. Mr. A. H. 
Reid is Fellow of Royal Inst, of British Archi- 
tects ; Fel. Sanitary Inst, of Great Britain ; 
Chairman of Board of Examiners for Sanitary 
Inst, in S.A. ; Past Pres. of S.A. Assoc, of 
Engineers (Johannesbiirg) ; Councillor for City 
of Cape Town, and F.S.A. He married, June 15, 
1884, Miss Victoria Walsh. 

REYERSBACH, Louis J., of Welfenheim, 
Johannesburg, was born in Hanover, Germany, 
in 1869. He is son of M. M. Reyersbach, and was 
educated in Hanover. Mr. Reyersbach was for 
some years in Kimberley and London in charge 
of the diamond business of the great firm of 
Wernher, Beit & Co. He joined the house of 
H. Eckstein & Co., at the end of 1901, and 
represents that firm on the Boards of the Rand 
Mines, Ltd., the Robinson, and other of the 
premier G.M. Cos. of the Rand. He was in 
Kimberley dvu'ing the siege, and is a member 
of the Executive of the Transvaal Chamber of 
Mines. Mr. Reyersbach married, in 1897, Miss 
Martha Wallach, of Aix-la-Chapelle. 

REYNOLDS, Edward Charles, of Highgate, 
London, and of the Durban, Pretoria and City 
(C.T.) Clubs, was born in London, Oct. 12, 
1869, and was educated privately. He has been 
long connected with banking interests in S.A., 
and is now Manager of the National Bank of 
S.A. Ltd., London. He married, in 1895, Miss 
Caldecott, of Johannesbiirg. 

RHODES, Col. Francis William, D.S.O. 
Born in 1851, is the son of the late Rev. F. 
W. Rhodes, Vicar of Bishop Stortford, and elder 
brother of the late Right Hon. Cecil J. Rhodes. 
He was educated at Eton, and entered the 
1st (Royal) Dragoons in 1873, obtaining Col.'s 
rank in 1889. He took part in the Sudan cam- 
paign in 1884, and was present at El Teb and 
Tamai, for which he received the Egyptian 
medal with clasp and the Khedive's Star. Later 
Col. Rhodes served in the Nile Expedition 
under Gen. Sir Herbert Stewart, who described 
him as the best A.D.C. a General was 
ever fortunate enough to have. He took part 
in the actions of Abu Klea and El Gubat. In 
1888 he was employed at Suakin, being present 

at the action at Gamaizah. He was Military 
Secy, to the Governor of Bombay, and acted 
at Chief Staff Officer to Sir Gerald Portal's 
Uganda Mission, when he suffered severely 
from black-water fever. He returned home in 
1893, and subsequently acted as administrator 
in Rhodesia during Dr Jameson's absence in 

Col. Rhodes represented the Consolidated 
Goldfields of S.A. in Johannesburg, and 
took a leading part in the Uitlanders' Re- 
form movement of 1895-6, for which he was 
condemned to suffer death by hanging. This 
sentence was commuted on the same terms as 
Messrs. Hays Hammond, Lionel Phillips and 
Sir Geo. Farrar. On being liberated from 
Pretoria gaol with a fine of £25,000, he refused 
to give his undertaking not to meddle in the 
politics of the State, and was put across the 
border. He immediately proceeded to Mata- 
beleland to take part in the suppression of the 
rebellion. He attended the Delhi Durbar as the 
guest of Lord Kitchener. 

RICARDE-SEAVER, Major F. I., Knt. Com- 
mander of the Royal Military Order of Christ, 
Knight Commander of the Order of Isabella 
the Catholic, Knight Officer of the Imperial 
Order of the Rose ; member of the Athenaeum 
Club ; was born in 1836 at Hand Park, Rush, 
in the County of Dublin. He was early intended 
for the law, but his inclination being in the 
direction of Natvu^al Science the idea of a legal 
career was abandoned, and he applied himself 
to the study of chemistry, electricity, geology, 
mining and engineering. At the age of twenty 
he proceeded with the late Prof. Forbes, 
F.R.S., to the Andes and adjacent territories 
in S. America, for the purpose of studying 
the geological conditions, and to ascertain, if 
possible, the probable mineral wealth of the 
country. At the conclusion of the mission he 
was appointed Govt. Assayer at Valparaiso, a 
position which he retained for several years. 
At the age of twenty-six he accepted the position 
of Inspector-Gen. of Mines to the Argentine 
Republic. For twelve years he laboured to open 
up the country by means of railways and tele- 
graphs, with such success that in 1874, 1,500 
miles of rails were in regular traffic, and 3,000 
more were in course of construction, while 
8,000 miles of telegraph wires were available 
for communication between the various parts of 
the Republic. He also initiated the laying of 
the Trans-Atlantic Cable via Brazil to Europe. 
These twelve years of his life were how- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


ever not spent entirely in peaceful pursuits, 
for when war broke out with Paraguay he was 
created a Major in the Argentine Army, and 
served with distinction tlirovigh that long and 
severe campaign. During this period he made 
several business visits to Europe for the purpose 
of conducting important negotiations more or 
less of a financial character on behalf of the 
Republic. In 1871 he raised in London a loan of 
£6,000,000 for the Argentine Govt., the whole 
of which sum was devoted to the constrviction 
of railways, telegraphs, and other public works. 
In 1874 he retiirned to Europe in a Consular 
capacity. He then devoted himself to science 
and literatiire for some time, publishing, amongst 
other works, what is still a standard work of refer- 
ence, "The Mineral and other Resources of the 
Argentine Republic." He also acted as Special 
Correspondent for various papers in S.A. 

Maj. Ricarde-Seaver is a strong Imperialist, 
and in the year 1888 he took up the subject 
of S. African development. The expansion 
of our Empire north and west of the Transvaal 
was due in some measure to his foresight and 
energy. He obtained a concession of 400 square 
miles from Khama in Bechuanaland and suc- 
ceeded in obtaining the financial support of 
Lord Rothschild and other capitalists, who sub- 
scribed £50,000 to carry out explorations right 
up to the Zambesia and beyond. In conjunc- 
tion with Lord Gifford, V.C, and others he 
organized an expedition to proceed to Bulawayo 
and obtain from the King Lobengula the right 
to prospect and work gold and other mines in 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland. It was at this 
period that he was brought into contact with 
the great Imperialist, Cecil Rhodes, and on the 
suggestion of Lord Rothschild it was arranged 
that their efforts should be devoted to obtaining 
frona H.]\I. Govt, the charter to administer 
that great territory known as Rhodesia. He is a 
Fellow of the Royal Soc. of Edin., of the Geo- 
graphical Soc. of London, of the Royal Geo- 
graphical Soc, a member of the Royal Institu- 
tion of Great Britain, and an Associate of the 
Institute of Civil Engineers. Mr. Ricarde- 
Seaver married first, in 1863, an English wife, 
whom he lost in 1875, leaving an only son; 
secondly, he married H.S.H. the Princess Marie 
Lousie de Looz et Corswarem, nee Princess 
Godoy de Bassano of Spain. The Princess died 
in 1880, and in 1891 Mr. Ricarde-Seaver 
married the Marquise de la Lam-encie-Charras, 
of Paris and Chateau de Charras. 

RICHARDS, Roger Charnock, of 3, Grace- 

chiu-ch St., E.C., and of 2, King's Bench Walk, 
Temple, E.C., and of the City Liberal Club, 
Barrister-at-Law ; was formerly a chemical 
manufacturer in Manchester, is now a director 
of many important mining cos., including 
Henderson's Transvaal Estates, and the Con- 
solidated Rand-Rhodesia Trust. Mr. Richards 
has always taken a keen interest in politics ; 
he once unsuccessfully contested a parliamentary 
constituency in the Liberal interest ; and has 
sat on a Govermnent railway commission. He 
plays golf, and one of his sons was captain of 
Dulwich College. 

RICKETTS, Arthur, C.M.G., M.B. (Lond.), 
M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., of " Freslifield," Woodside 
Park, London, was born at Hay wards Heath, 
Sussex, Aug. 7, 1874. He is son of Wm. Tyler 
Ricketts, Solicitor, of Chailey, near Lewes, 
and was educated at Dulwich Coll. He was 
House Physician at Univ. Coll. Hosp., and 
served as Civil Surgeon in the S.A. 
Field Force, 1899-1901, being mentioned in 
Lord Roberts' despatches, and receiving the 
C.M.G., medal and clasps for Paardeburg, 
Driefontein, Relief of Kimberley, Wittebergen 
and Transvaal. He returned to S.A. as Sui'g.- 
Capt. in the Irish Horse, 1902, relinquishing 
his command in Feb., 1903, mth the hon. rank 
of Capt. in the Army, 

ROBERTSON, James, of Salisbury, Rhodesia, 
entered the Administrator's Dept., Dec, 1895 ; 
acted as Secy., to the Administrator from April 
1896, to Sept, 1897. He served in the Mashona- 
land Rebellion, 1896-97 (medal) ; was Acting 
Under-Secy., Apr. 26-June 1898; and from 
Jan. 31 to May 1, 1899, Acting Govt. Representa- 
tive at Enkeldoorn, June 1898 ; and \yas 
appointed Clerk to the Legislative and Executive 
Councils, May 1, 1899. 

ROBERTSON, William, R.JL, of Bethlehem, 
O.R.C., was born at Swellendam, C.C, Nov. 17, 
1861. He is of Scotch descent ; grandson of the 
Rev, Dr. Wm, Robertson, of Cape Town, and 
son of Peter John Robertson, He was educated 
at Grey Coll., Bloemfontein, and entered the 
Free State Govt, service as clerk to the State 
Attorney in 1881, subsequently holding the 
following appointments : Clerk to the Com- 
missioner at Thi.lja 'Nchu, 1884 ; Asst, Registrar 
of the High Com-t, 1885; Landdrost Clerk at 
Kroonstad, 1886 ; Landdrost Clerk at Bloem- 
fontein, 1890 ; Postmaster at Bloemfontein, and 
Landdrost at Ficksburg, 1891 ; Landdrost at 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Boshoff, 1894 ; and Landdrost at Kroonstad, 1895. 
He was reappointed Magistrate of KJroonstad after 
the British occupation in May, 1902, and became 
R.M. of Bethlehem in the June following. 

Mr. Robertson was considered one of the best 
target shots in the Free State from 1888 to 
1898, and in the latter year secured a badge in 
the Governor's Prize, being 11th out of some 
300 competitors. He has also won several 
cups and medals at target shooting. He married, 
March 14, 1888, Ada Elizabeth, eldest dau. of 
the late State Attorney C. J. Vels. 

ROBINSON, Major Ebnest Rokeby, 
F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I. ; of Sandown, Isle of Wight ; 
the Green House, Besuidenhout, Johannesbiu-g ; 
and of the Junior United Service and the Sports 
Clubs, was born at Brussels, Jan. 30, 1872 ; is 
son of Maj. John Robinson of Lydd, Kent ; 
was educated privately ; joined the 4th Royal 
Irish Rifles, and has seen service in the Niger- 
Sudan Campaign, 1896-7 (mentioned in Sir 
Geo. Goldie's Report, medal and clasp); com- 
manded the artillery in the operations on the 
Niger, 1895-8 (R. Niger Co.'s medal and clasp) ; 
Ebusa-Upinam Expedition, 1898 (clasp) ; Sierra 
Leone Rebellion as Adjt. of the S.L.F.F., 1898-9 
(medal and clasp) ; S.A. War as Adjt., Staff 
Capt. and D.A.A.G. Imp. Yeo., 1900-1902; (two 
medals with three and two clasps. ) Slaj. Robinson 
has won several swimming trophies, and has had 
some big game shooting on the Niger. He 
married, Jan. 19, 1901, Minnie Edith, dau. of 
John Crochett, of Wimbledon and Singapore. 

ROBINSON, Leo George, J.P., of Bulawayo ; 
was appointed Clerk in the Chief Native Com- 
missioner's Office, Bulawayo, Feb. 1, 1897 ; 
Asst. Native Commissioner, July 1, 1897. 

ROBINSON, Joseph Benjamin, of Dudley 
House, Park Lane, was born in Cradock, Eastern 
Province, C.C., in 1845. Formerly farming in 
the Colony, he moved to the Vaal River diggings 
and then to Kimberley, of which he was Mayor 
in 1880. He was M.L.A. for Griqualand (West) 
for ioui years, and went to the Rand in July 
1896. He was one of the first capitalists to sink 
money in the new fields. Within three days of 
his arrival he pvirchased the Langlaagte Estate 
(which at that tune included the Block "B") 
for £7,000, and in the foUomng Sept. he bought 
a half interest in the De Villiers Mynpacht (now 
the Robinson G.M. Co.) for £1,100, and two 
months later was able to buy the remaining 
moiety for £12,000. Shortly afterwards, with 

extraordinary perspicuity, he made up his mind 
as to the westerly trend of the main reef series, 
and pvtrchased for the Robinson Synd. the large 
block of farms constituting the Randfontein 
group. He is Chairman of the Robinson South 
African Bank, and Chairman of the large group 
of Randfontein and Langlaagte Cos., and is 
perhaps the only financial magnate who always 
plays a lone hand in regard to his African enter- 
prises. Mr. Robinson served in the Basuto War, 
and was at other times on commando. He was 
on intimate terms with ex-Pres. Ivriiger ; takes 
considerable interest in politics, and is fond of 
yachting. He is married, and has a large family. 

RODD, Sis James Rennell, K.C.M.G., C.B., 
of the British Embassy, Rome ; 17, Stratford 
Place, W., and of the Travellers', Athenaeum, 
St. James', Beefsteak, Aiathors', and Cos- 
moplitan Clubs, M'as born Nov. 9, 1858. He is 
son of the late Major Jas. Rennell Rodd, and 
was educated at Haileybiiry Coll., and at Balliol 
Coll., Oxon, where, in 1880, he gained the 
Newdigate Prize with a poem on Sir Walter 
Raleigh. He joined the Diplomatic Service, and 
after serving in Berlin (where he had much con- 
fidential work entrusted to him), in Athens, 
Rome and Paris, he went to Zanzibar, where he 
acted as Agent and Consul-Gen. for some months. 
In 1894 he was transferred to Cairo, becoming 
Second Secy, to the British Agent, and acting 
on various occasions as Agent and Consul-Gen. 
In 1897 he was selected to leave on a special 
mission to the Emperor Menelik in Abyssinia. 
On his retiurn he resumed his duties at Cairo, 
imtil in 1901 he was appointed Secy, of Embassy 
at Rome. In addition to several vohunes of 
poems he has piiblished a biographical sketch 
of the Emperor Frederick, and " Customs and 
Lore of Modern Greece." He married, in 1895, 
Lilias, dau. of the late Jas. Gutherie, of Craigie, 

ROGERS, Sir John Godprey, K.C.M.G., 
D.S.O., Grand Cordon of the Medjidieh, 2nd 
class Osnianieh, of Cairo, Egypt, and the Ttnrf 
(Cairo) and Junior Army 8.nd Navy (London) 
Clubs, is the second son of the late G. F. H. 
Rogers, and Francis, youngest dau. of the late 
Richard Phillips, of Gaile, co. Tipperary. He 
was born April 11, 1850, in Dublin, and was 
educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin, where he 
graduated B.A., M.B., M.Ch. Sir John entered 
the Army Medical Dept. in 1871. and was made 
Surg, in 1873, Surg.-Maj. in 1S82, and 
Surg.-Lieut.-Col. in 1891. He served in the 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Afghan War in 1878 to 1881 (medal). He 
accompanied the Egyptian Expedition in 1882, 
and was present at Kassassin and Tel-el-Kebir 
(despatches, medal with clasp, and bronze star). 
He was appointed temporarily P.M.O. of the 
Egyptian Army during the cholera epidemic 
of 1883, and was later appointed permanently 
to that post. Sir John organized the Medical 
Corps of the Egyptian Army, and went through 
the Nile Expedition as P.M.O. in 1884-85 
(despatches, clasp, and 3rd class Osmanieh). 
He served with the Sudan Frontier Field 
Force in 1885-86, and was present at the 
action of Giniss (despatches, D.S.O.). With the 
Suakin Field Force in 1885 he took part in the 
action of Gamaizan (despatches, clasp, 2nd 
class Medjidieh, promoted Major-Gen.). While 
he was Director-Gen. of the Sanitary Dept., 
Ministry of Interior, 1892-99, he introduced 
various legislative Acts dealing with the sanita- 
tion of the country and the outbreaks of cholera 
and plague. He retired from the Egyptian 
service Nov., 1899, and was appointed Local 
Manager of the New Egyptian Co., Ltd., 1899. 
He is also Local Manager of the Sudan Develop- 
ment and Exploration Co., Ltd. ; Chairman of 
the Anglo-American Nile Steamer and Hotel 
Co., Ltd. ; Director of the Agricultural Bank 
of Egypt, and of some other cos. His recrea- 
tions are fishing and shooting, and he has 
travelled in Canada, Iceland, Finland, Russia 
and Sweden in search of sport. He married, Sept. 
26, 1883, Edith Louisa JuUa, dau. of the late 
Major W. F. H. Sykes, of the Bombay Cavalry. 

HOLLAND, Capt. George Murray, V.C, 
1st Bombay Grenadiers, Indian At-my, is the 
son of the late Major Patrick Murray RoUand, 
R.A. He was born at Wellington, Irdia, May 12, 
1869; was educated at Harrow, and Sandhurst, 
and on Nov. 9, 1889, joined the 2nd Batt. Bed- 
fordshire Regt. as 2nd Lieut., became 1st Lieut, 
in 1891, Capt. Nov. 9, 1900, and in Aug. of the 
following year joined the Indian Army. He 
was Adjt. of the 1st Bombay Grenadiers 
from 1894 to 1901, and was with the Somaliland 
Field Force from Oct., 1902, to June, 1903, 
acting as Intelligence OiJicer to the Berbera- 
Bohotle Flying Column, and Staff Officer to 
Maj. J. E. Gough's Column. It was while in 
Somaliland that Capt. RoUand won the coveted 
distinction of the Victoria Cross, under circimi- 
stances related in the biographical sketch of 
Maj. W. G. Walker (q.v.). 

ROLLER, Major George Conrad, of 

Tadley, Basingstoke, and the Arts Club, was 
born in London in 1856. He is son of Freelern 
Wm. Roller, and was educated at Westminster 
Sell., afterwards studj'^ing hard for three years in 
Paris imder Bougereau. He then travelled for 
some years in Australia, New Zealand, Peru 
and Argentina. He is an artist by profession, 
and was made a Fellow of the Royal Soc. of 
Painter Etchers in 1887. He rode for many years 
as a qualified gentleman rider ixnder National 
Hunt Rules, until a severe accident made him 
relinqtiish this form of sport. He was ap- 
pointed to the Siirrey Bench in 1888, and to the 
London County Bench in the following year. 
When the S.A. War broke out he volunteered 
and went out with the Middlesex Yeomanry as 
Col.-Sergt., soon obtaining his Commission. 
On returning home in 1900 he took up a com- 
mission in the I.Y. in G. Britain, He married, 
in 1884, Mary, dau. of W. Halliday, of Thames, 
New Zealand. 

ROSS, Archar Russell, was appointed 
Native Commissioner for the Makoni Dist., 
Apr. 20, 1895. In 1900 he was sent on special 
service to purchase cattle in Australia. 

ROSS, Hon. William, M.L.C, was born at 
Stranraer, Scotland, in 1850. He was for 
many years Manager of the Oriental Bank 
Corporation, and is now head of the firms of 
Ross, Priest & Page, of Kimberley, and Ross, 
Page & O'Reilly, of Johannesburg. He has 
been member of the Cape Legislative Council for 
Griqualand West since 1883. He is fond of 
sport, a well-known boxer, and married a dau. 
of the late Geo. Page, of Bloemfontein. 

ROULIOT, George, Kjit. of the Legion of 
Honour, was born in France, Aug. 15, 1861. He 
was educated in Paris, and at the Univ. 
of Bonn, Germany. He took an engineering 
degree in Paris, and went to S.A. in 
1882 as General Manager of the Cie. Generale 
de Mines de Diamants in Kimberley, where the 
Cape Govt, appointed him to the Dutoitspan 
Mining Board and the Board for the Protection 
of Mining Interests. After the De Beers Amalga- 
mation in 1890 he left Kimberley and joined 
Mr. Beit and Lord Randolph ChtirchiU in their 
expedition through Mashonaland, returning -\da 
Beira. Mr. Rovdiot joined the firm of Eckstein 
in 1892, and was admitted a partner two years 
later. He was one of the early believers in the 
Deep Levels, and was associated with the Rand 
Mines, Ltd., from the inception of the Company. 


Anxlo-African Who's Who 

He has been on the Executive Committee of the | 
Chamber of Mines since 1894, and was Pres. 
of the Chamber from 1897 imtil 1902. Mr. 
Rouliot worked assiduously for the reopening 
of the mines during the latter part of tlie war 
period, and his services in this connection were 
acknowledged in Lord Kitchener's despatches. 

ROWLAND, Frederick, of Parktown West, 
Johannesburg (Box 4375), and of the Athenagum 
Club, Johannesbtu'g, was born Apr. 13, 1871 ; 
was educated privately, and went to S.A. in 
Jiine, 1889, engaging in commercial pursuits in 
Cape Town, Dui'ban, Lindley, Bloemfontein and 
Johannesbiu"g. He acted as Secy, of the Chemical 
and Metalku-gical Soc. in 1896 ; was secy, of 
companies from 1897 to 1899 ; became Secy, of 
the Uitlander Council on its inception in 1889, 
and remained such until the outbreak of war ; 
was secy, of the committee formed for the 
purpose of raising Irregular Corps in Natal ; 
became Lieut, of Bethune's M.I. on formation ; 
Capt. and Quartermaster in Nov. 1900 ; re- 
signed Apr. 1902, to take up appointment in 
the Mines Dept. of the Transvaal. This he 
vacated in the following Nov. to enter the 
service of H. Eckstein & Co. He is also Secy. 
to the Chemical. Metallurgical and Mining 
Soc. of S.A., and Associate of the Chartered 
Institute of Secretaries, Eng. While on active 
service he married, Aug. 6, 1900, Mavid Mary 
Peutney, who served as nurse in the Natal 
Volunteer service through the siege of Lady- 

ROWLATT, Frederick Terry, of Cairo, 
and of the Tm-f Club, Cairo, was born at Alex- 
andria, Feb. 10, 1865 ; is son of the late A. H. 
Rowlatt, banker, of Egypt ; was educated at 
Fettes Coll., Edin., where he won swimming 
prizes ; entered the Bank of Egypt in London 
in 1885 ; transferred to the Egyptian branch, 
of which he acted as Manager. He left this to 
take vip the sub-governorship of the National 
Bank of Egypt in Cairo. He became a Fellow 
of the Institute of Bankers, London, in 1902. 
He married. May 14, 1903, Edith May, dau. 
of T. E. Cornish, C.M.G., of Alexandria. 

ROWSELL, Charles Frederick, of Ridge 
Green House, South Nvitfield, Eng., M^as born 
in London, June 21, 1864. He was originally a 
solicitor, and practised as such for a good many 
years, and then joined the well-finown firm 
of Lewis & Marks {see Isaac Lewis and Samuel 
Marks). Although the firm with which he is 

connected is not interested in Rhodesian vmder- 
takings, Mr. Rowsell himself has a considerable 
stake in the prosperity of Charterland, and is 
Chairman of the United Rhodesia Goldfields, 
the Jumbo G.M. and the Mayo Rhodesia De- 
velopment Co., besides being on the Boards 
of the Tanganyika Concessions and the Zam- 
besia Exploring Co. He also represents his 
firm as Chairman of the Grootvlei Prospecting 
Synd., Simoona Development Co., and Director 
of the East Rand Mining Estates, Swaziland 
Corporation, Transvaal Estates and Develop- 
ment Co., Transvaal Farms and Finance Co., 
Transvaal Proprietary, African and European 
Agency, Goldfields of Matabeleland, Inter- 
national Syndicate and many other Cos. 

Mr. Rowsell has been the sole architect of his 
own fortunes, having come to London in 1890 
without literally a single acquaintance in the 
great metropolis. It is needless to say that he 
has raised his structure in a remarkably able 
manner. He married, in 1903, Miss Olive C. 

ROYLE, Charles, of Cairo, and of the 
Khedivial (Cairo), and the Junior Athenaeum 
(London) Clubs, was born at Lymington, Hants, 
Dec. 24, 1838 ; is fourth son of Wm. Royle, 
solicitor ; was educated at Queenwood Coll., 
Hants, and served as an officer in the Royal 
Navy from 1854 to 1863. Mr. Royle is a Bar- 
rister-at-Law, having been called to the Bar 
at Lincoln's Inn, Nov., 1865, and is Judge of 
the Egyptian Court of Appeal. He is author of 
" The Egyptian Campaigns," published by 
Hurst & Blackett. Umnarried. 

ROYLE, George, of Gezireh, Cairo and Port 
Said ; of 11, De Vere Gardens, London ; and of 
the Khedivial Sporting Club, Cairo, and Con- 
stitutional Club, London ; is the fifth son of 
the late William Royle, sohcitor, of Lymington, 
Hants, and was born, July 8, 1841, at Lyming- 
ton. He was educated at Queenwood Coll. and 
Southampton Coll. Mr. Royle was present at the 
taking of Peiho Forts, 1860, and with the Naval 
Brigade on the march to Pekin, and was engaged 
with Flotilla on the Pei Ho and Wen Ho Rivers 
during the continuance of hostilities. He was 
subsequently on H.M.S. Havock when that 
vessel successfully attacked the pirate town of 
Foo-Shan on the Yangtze, and captm-ed many 
Imperial war junks later on vip the Yangtze 
River. He left the Royal Navy, 1863 or 1864, 
and was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn, 
Jan. 1870. He went to Egypt (Port Said) in 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


1871, and was appointed P. & O. Agent in 1875. 
He has been Manager of the Port Said and Suez 
Coal Co. since 1872, and was appointed represen- 
tative in Egypt of Lambert Bros., Ltd., in 1902. 
He is also Chairman of the local Board of 
Directors of the Egyptian Salt and Soda Co. 
His recreations are yachting and sculling, and 
formerly Alpine climbing. He married, in 1878, 
Fannie Longueville, eldest dau. of Thomas 
Snow, Barrister-at-Law. 

RUDD, Charles Dunell, of 23, Hyde Park 
Gardens, London ; Ardnamurchan, Argyll- 
shire ; and of the Union and United University 
Clubs, and Rear Commodore of Roj'^al Highland 
Yacht Club ; was born at Hanworth Hall, 
Norfolk, Oct. 22, 1844. He was educated at 
Plarrow and Cambridge, at both of which he 
distinguished himself in athletics. He won the 
Harrow mile, J-mile, hurdle race, and throwing 
the cricket ball in '62 ; carried off the Inter- 
University Racquet trophies for Camb. in 
'65, and owing to a breakdown through over- 
training at Camb., he sailed to the Cape in 1866 
for the benefit of his health, and there occupied 
some few years mainly in shooting expeditions in 
Zululand and Swaziland together with the famous 
John Dunn and others. He joined the first rush 
to Kimberley, where he and Mr. Cecil Rhodes 
each purchased a quarter claim in De Beers, 
which they subsequently amalgamated and 
worked in partnership (1871), thus forming the 
niicleus which, after a long series of purchases, 
amalgamations, and absorptions, taldng up 
many years of patient effort, eventually led to 
the formation of the De Beers Consolidated 
Mines. The foimdations of the Rhodes and Rudd 
partnership were laid by a series of profitable 
piunping contracts in the De Beers and Du 
Toit's Pan mines, and were further strengthened 
by the acquisition of various diamond properties. 
From 1883 to 1888 Mr. Rudd represented 
Ivimberley in the Cape Parliament, with the 
main object of introducing legislation bearing on 
the questions of the compound system, and the 
I.D.B. and the liquor laws. These ends being 
attained he did not seek re-election. 

The year 1886 witnessed the inception of 
the Gold Fields of S.A., Ltd., from which 
the existing colossal corporation in its " Con- 
solidated " form was developed under the 
joint managing direction of Messrs. Rudd & 
Rhodes. Mr. Rudd was also instrumental in 
obtaining the mineral and land concessions from 
Lobengula in 1888, on which the Charter to the 
British S.A. Co., was based. He has now retired 

from his directorships and all active business in 
the City. He married : first, in 1868, Miss 
Chiappini; and second, in 1898, Miss Wallace. 

RUFFER, Dr. Marc Armand, M.A., M.D. 
(Oxon), B.S., F.L.S., F.S.S., F.R.M.S., 2nd class 
Medjidieh, 2nd class Osmanieh, Commander of 
the Orders of the Saviour of Greece, and St. 
Anne of Russia ; of Ramleh, Egypt, and of the 
Royal Societies (Lond.), Turf (Cairo) and 
Khedivial (Alexandria) Clubs, was born at 
Lyons, France, Aug. 29, 1859 ; is third son of 
the late Baron A. de Ruffer, late Consul of 
Switzerland ; was educated privately, and at 
Brasenose Coll., Oxon, Univ. Coll., Lond., the 
Sch. of Medicine and Institut Pasteur, Paris. 
From 1886 to 1888 he was Medical House 
Physician and Obstetrive Assistant of Univ. 
Coll. Hospital ; he was Medical Registrar at 
the Victoria Park Hosp., 1890 ; Director of 
the British Institute of Preventive Medicine, 
1892-96 ; Prof, of Bacteriology, Cairo Medical 
Sch., 1896-8. He was appointed Pres. of 
the Sanitary Maritime and Quarantine Coixncil 
of Egypt, 1897 ; Member of the Indian Plague 
Commission, 1899-1900 ; and EgjTptian Dele- 
gate to the International Sanitary Conference, 
Paris, 1903. He is a member of many scientific 
associations, and is the author of a nmnber of 
scientific works. He married, Nov. 11, 1900, 
Alice Mary, eldest dau. of Capt. John Tyndale 
Greenfield, R.A. 

RUNCIMAN, William, M.L.A., J.P., of 

" The Highlands," Simonsto^^Ti, C.C, and of 
the Royal Naval Club (Simonstown), and 
City Club (C.T.) ; was born at Sliields, Eng., 
in Apr., 1858. He is the eldest son of tiie 
late Capt. Wm. Runciman of the Merchant 
Service. He was educated at Lsith and Dunbar, 
Scotland, and migrated with his family in 1873, 
to Cape Town, where his father held for some time 
the position of Dock Master. Soon after arrival 
in Cape Town Mr. Rimciman joined the well 
known firm of W. Anderson & Co., IMerchants 
and Mail Steamship Agents. At the age of 
19 years he was promoted to fill the place of 
Manager to the Simonstown Branch of the 
business. From manager he was soon promoted 
to junior partner, and is now senior partner, 
the name of the firm being changed to Wm. 
Rtmciman & Co. Since his advent in Simonstown 
Mr. Rimciman has devoted a great deal of time 
to public affairs ; from the inauguration of 
Municipal Government he has sat in the Council 
Chamber, and he has been repeatedly and is still 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

Mayor. To his untiring energy the town owes 
much of its present prosperity. The railway 
extension from Kalk Bay, the sanitation, the 
water supply, the fine public schools, the 
town lighting, and public library are all 
mementos of bis assiduous perseverance and 
skilful policy. He has also done good service in 
the Simonstown District as Divisional Councillor 
for the Cape Division, of which body he has been 
a member for the past ten years. He has been 
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Cape 
Parliament for some five or six years ; sits as a 
strong Progressive ; has rendered good service 
in educational matters already, and bids fair to 
fill a prominent place in Cape politics in the 
not distant future. He married, in 1883, 
Elizabeth Sarah, eldest dau. of A. N. Black, of 
Simonstown, by whom he has two sons and a 

RUNDLE, Major-Gen. Sir Henry Macleod 
Leslie, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., D.S.O., second son of 
the late Capt. J. S. Rundle, R.N., was born 
at Newton Abbot, N. Devon, Jan. 6, 1856. 
He was educated at ttie Royal Mil. Acad. ; 
entered the Royal Artillery in 1876, and first 
saw service in the Zulu War in 1870, afterwards 
taking part in the Boer War of 1881. Subse- 
quently he proceeded to Egypt, where he acted 
for about fourteen years as Chief Staff Officer 
to the Sirdar and Adjt.-Gen. to the Egyptian 
Army. Sir Leslie was second in command to 
Lord Kitchener at the battle of Omdurman. 
In the S. African War, 1899-02, he commanded 
the 8th Division. He latterly also acted as 
MiMtary Governor of the Eastern O.R.C., -with 
headquarters, at Harrismith. On returning to 
England he was given the command of the 
South-Eastern District at Dover in succession 
to Sir William Butler. He married, in 1887, 
Eleanor Georgina, dau. of the late Capt. H. J. 
M. Campbell, R.A. 

RUSSELL, Robert, I.S.O., of 33, Prince 
of Wales Mansions, Battersea Park, London, 
was born at Edinbvirgh in 1843 ; was educated 
at the Church of Scotland Training Coll. and 
the Univ. of Edinburgh, and has had a long 
and useful public career mainly devoted to 
educational matters in Natal. In 18fi5 he was 
appointed Headmaster of Durban High Sch., 
and became Supt. of Education and Secy, 
to the Council of Education in 1878. He 
was for some years Chairman of the Survey 
Board and Member of the Civil Service Board, 
and was appointed to represent Natal on the 

Coimcil of the Cap 3 Univ. in 1896. He was 
mainly instrumental in establishing the Cadet 
system in vogue in Natal. Mr. Russell retired 
from the Civil Service of the Colony in 1903 on 
fuU salary specially voted by the Natal Parlia- 
ment. In the same year he was created a Com- 
panion of the Imperial Service Order. He Ls tha 
author of " Natal : the Land and its Story " 

RUSSELL, Robert, Jxjnr., M.A., B.C.L., 

of 26, Victoria St., London, S.W., and of the 
New Vagabonds' Club, was born, Aug. 13, 
1867, at Durban. He is son of Robert 
Russell, ex-Supt. of Education for Natal (q.v.), 
and was educated at Pietermaritzburg High 
Sch., and at Merton Coll., Oxon., where he 
graduated with honours in law. He is now 
about to enter for the higher degree of D.C.L. 
Wliile at Oxford he played in his college cricket 
and Association football teams from 1886 to 
1888. Retvu-ning to Natal he was an Acting 
Inspector of Schools for the Colony in 1891-2 ; 
was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple in 
1893 ; and received his present appointment 
as Secy, to the Natal Govt. Agency in the same 
year. Mr. Russell contributes verse to the 
"Westminster Gazette," "Sketch," and " Pall 
Mall Gazette," He married. May 5, 1895, May, 
dau. of the late A. S. Smith, of Tudor Hill 
House, Sutton Coldfield. 

SAJVIPSON, Victor, K.C, M.L.A., of Kimber- 
ley, and of the Civil Service and Kimberley 
Clubs, was born at Cape Town in 1855. He was 
educated privately, and in 1871 entered the 
Civil Service mider the Imp. Govt. ; served for 
eight years in the Control and Audit Office ; 
Accountant for East Griqualand to 1881. He 
passed B.A. and LL.B. while in the Civil 
Service, and obtained the Cape Univ. 
Chancellor's Gold Medal for essay on the 
native question in 1877. He was called to the 
Cape Bar in Dec, 1881 ; was made Q.C. in 
1896 ; is the leader of the Kimberley Bar, and was 
a Director of De Beers Mines from 1902 to 1904. 
Mr. Sampson is a sovmd Progressive, and was 
returned to the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
the electoral division of Albany in 1898, being 
re-elected at the general election in Feb. 1904. 
In the same month he joined Dr. Jameson's 
Cabinet as Attorney-Gen. 

SARGANT, Edmund Beale, M.A., of the 
Oxford and Cambridge Club, London, and the 
Athenaeum Club, Johannesburg, was born in 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


London in 1855. He is son of Henry Sargant, 
Barrister-at-Law, of Lincoln's Inn, and was 
educated at Rugby Sch., University Coll., and 
Trinity Coll., Camb. He fills the position of 
Director of Education for the Transvaal. 

SAUER, Hon. J. W., of Kenilworth, C.C; is son 
of an O.F.S. Landdrost ; was educated at the S. 
African Coll., after which he was articled to Fair- 
bridge & Arderne, Attorneys, of Cape Town, and 
practised for many years in conjunction, first with 
Mr. H. S. Caldecott (q.v.), and after with Mr. 
Orsmond at AJiwal North. He entered the Cape 
ParUament as member for that constituency, 
for which he has since been re-elected on many 
occasions. Formerly associated with Sir Gordon 
Sprigg, he broke with him in 1876 on questions of 
native poHcy. From 1881 to 1884, he was a 
member of the Scanlen Ministry as Secy, for 
Native Affairs, and became Colonial Secy, in 
Mr. Rhodes' Ministry in 1890, but was one of 
three who wrecked it three years later. Although 
not a member of the Afrikander Bond, he is 
one of its most effective supporters, and makes 
no secret of his indifference to the Imperial 
interest in C.C. Mr. Sauer has declined a 
knighthood. He was Commissioner of Public 
Works in Sir. G. Sprigg' s last Cape Ministry, 
and was defeated at the general elections in 
Feb., 1904. He still retains his practice as an 
attorney in C.T. He married a dau. of Henry 
Cloete, of Constantia, C.C. 

SAUNDERS, Capt. Frederick Anastrasius, 
3rd West Yorks Regt., F.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. 
Edin., F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I., F.S.A., Fel. Obstetri- 
cal Soc, of Grahamstown, and of the Scottish 
Conservative Club, Edin., and the Junior Con- 
servative Club, Lend., was born in London, 
June 12, 1859 ; and was educated at King 
Edward VI Sch., Gt. Berkhampstead, Herts. 
He commanded the second detachment of the 
First City (Grahamstown) Volunteers at Lange- 
berg, Bechuanaland, in 1897 (medal), and diu'ing 
the late S.A. War acted as Station Staff Officer, 
as Adjt. of Marshall's Horse, and as Adjt. of 
the 1st C.V., which he now commands (Queen's 
and King's medals, three clasps). Capt. 
Saunders married : first, in 1882, Cissy, only 
dau. of Col. Barnes, St. Helena Regt., and step- 
dau. of the 11th Earl Lindsay ; and second, in 
1893, Lucy Anderson, dau. of Prof. J. Meikle- 
john, of St. Andrew's Univ., Scotland. 

SAWERSHAL, Henry George Emanuel 

Julius Edward, was draughtsman in the 
Public Works Dept. at Queenstown, C.C, 
May, 1882 ; was Asst. Surveyor on Tembuland 
Commission, Aug., 1882 ; Computer at the 
Royal Observatory, C.C, July, 1885 ; Asst. 
Surveyor, Bechuanaland railway extension, 
Aug., 1890 ; became Asst. to the Surveyor- 
Gen, in Mashonaland, Sept., 1891 ; acted as 
the B.S.A. Co.'s representative at Umtali Jtme 
to Aug. 1896 ; Acting Asst. Surveyor-Gen., 
Jan. 1897, and has twice acted as Surveyor- 
Gen. He was Acting Examiner of Diagrams, 
Feb. 28, 1901. 

SCANLEN, Hon. Sir Thomas Charles, 
K.CM.G., M.L.C, of Salisbury, Rhodesia; 
and of the Civil Service (C.T.) and Sahsbury 
Clubs ; was born at Albany, near Grahams- 
town, July 9, 1834. He is son of the late Chas. 
Scanlen, V/ho formerly represented Cradock 
Dist. in the Cape House of Assembly. Sir 
Thomas was educated in the Eastern Province 
until war in 1850 interrupted his studies. He 
resided at Cradock from 1845 for over 30 years, 
where he was member of the Divisional Council 
and Chairman of the Municipality, besides which 
he represented that constituency in the Cape 
Parliament continuously from 1870 to 1896. 
He was J.P. for the Cape and Cradock Districts ; 
became Prime Minister and Attorney-Gen. 
of C.C. in 1881, and Premier and Colonial 
Secy, in 1882-1884. He was appointed Legal 
Adviser to the B.S.A. Co., Oct. 1894 ; member 
of the Executive Council of S. Rhodesia, Jan. 
1896, becoming senior member, Dec. 20, 1896 ; 
Acting Public Prosecutor, Apr. 1896 ; Pres. 
of the Compensation Board, Sept. 1896 ; was 
appointed Acting Administrator of S. Rhodesia 
in Dec. 1898, and again in Jan. 1903; and has 
acted as the Company's representative on several 
occasions. Sir Thomas was appointed M.L.C. in 
May 1899, and was last reappointed in June 
1903, with precedence of nominated members. 
He is also Chairman of Committee in the 
Legislative Council. In July 1902, he became 
senior member of the Farming and Transport 
Aid Board. Sir Thomas was twnce married: 
first, to Emma Riackwray (d. 1862) ; and second, 
to Sarah Dennison (d. Feb. 1903). 

SCHIEL, Col., has had a long experience 
of S.A. He was a Native Commissioner 
in the Zoutpansberg, and Organizer of the 
Staats Artillerie of the S.A.R., and in the late 
Boer War (1899) was appointed to the com- 
mand of the German Brigade. He was cap- 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

tured at Elandslaagte, and during his captivity 
at St. Helena wrote a book, " Twenty-three 
Years of Storm and Sunshine in South Africa." 

SCHOELLER, De. Max, Member of the 
German Colonial Council ; of Zelten 21a, Berlin ; 
of Rittergat Bingel bei Diiren (Rheinland) ; 
and of the Union Club, Berlin ; was born at 
Diiren, July 28, 1865. He is son of Alexander 
Schoeller by his wife Adele Casstargeis, and 
received a liberal education at Diiren, Cologne, 
Aix-la-Chapelle, Munich, and Freiburg-i-Br. 
Dr. Schoeller travelled through Northern Abys- 
sinia in 1894, afterwards publishing " Mitteil- 
ungen iiber meine Reise in der Colonie Eritrea 
(Nord Abessinien), 1894." The years 1896 
and 1897 he spent in German and British East 
Africa and Uganda, publishing three volumes 
entitled " Mitteilungsn liber meine Reise nach 
Aequatorial Ost Africa und Uganda 1896-97." 
Throughout 1897 he travelled in S.A. He 
married, Nov. 28, 1903, Elizabeth Wessel. 
Dr. Schoeller's merits have been recognized by 
the following Orders conferred upon him : 
Roter Adler of the IV. class, Friedrichs III. cl., 
Ernestiner IV. cl., Eiserne Krone III. cl., Itali- 
enische Krone IV. cl., Medjedie II. cl.. Villa 
Vicosa II. cl., Sonnen und Lowen II. cl., and 
Erloser IV. cl. 

SCHOEMAN, Johannes Hendrick, M.L.A., 
is Bond Member of the Cape Legislative As- 
sembly for Oudtshoorn, for which electoral 
division he was re-elected in Feb. 1904. 

SCHREINER, Olive {see Jlrs. Cronwright- 

SCHREINER, Hon. W. P., K.C., C.M.G., 
was born in the Wittebergen Native Reserve, 
now part of the Herschel District of the 
C.C, in 1857. He is son of the late Rev. G. 
Schreiner, a German missionary of the L.M.S., 
and brother of the celebrated S.A. novelist, 
Olive Schreiner, now Mrs. Cron-\\Tight-Schreiner 
(q.v.). Mr. Schreiner was edvicated at Cradock, 
Bedford and Grahamstown, and at the Univs. 
of Cape Town, Cambridge and London, 
where he distinguished himself in scholarly 
attainments. He took a Senior in Law Tripos 
and the Chancellor's Legal Medal in 1881, and 
was called to the Bar of the Inner Temple in 
the following year, when he was also admitted 
an Advocate of the Supreme Court of the 
C.C. In 1885 he was appointed Parlia- 
mentary Draughtsman ; became Legal Adviser 

to the, High Commissioner in 1887, filling this 
appointment until 1893, when he joined the 
late Cecil Rhodes' second Ministry as Attorney- 
Gen., having in that year been elected as 
Member for Kimberley in the Cape House of 
Assembly. He resigned the Attorney-General- 
ship later in 1893 ; was elected member for 
Barkly West by the aid of the Bond vote in 
1894, and again became Attorney-Gen. in 
Sept. of that year. His relations with Mr. 
Rhodes, which had been for many years of a 
cordial nativre, were broken off by the Jameson 
Raid. He left the Cabinet, refusing to join 
the new Ministry under Sir Gordon Sprigg. He 
became, however, Premier in 1898, retaining 
that position until June, 1900. In the general 
election in Feb. 1904, he failed to be re-elected 
to the House of Assembly. 

To the student of S. African pohtics it has 
not always been clear whether Mr. Schreiner' s 
attitude was pro-Boer or pro-British. His 
tendency seems to waver between the two ex- 
tremes. Without being an actual member of 
the Afrikander Bond, he has on occasions been 
a supporter of that organization ; in fact, he 
has in some quarters been suspected of an 
inclination to follow the extremists in their 
desire to constitute S.A. an independent 
Republic. However that may be, it may be 
said that during his Premiership he neither 
prevented nor promoted the S.A. W^ar, though 
a strong'man in his official position might pos- 
sibly have done either. He is said to have 
resisted British measures of coercion, and to 
have given no eiacouragement to anti-British 
aims. He neither stopped arms going into the 
Transvaal, nor permitted an early organized 
defence of Kimberley and the Cape Colonial 
frontier, nor did he, by a display of resolution, 
appear to aim at convincing Pres. Kriiger that 
the Colony would tolerate no disloyal actions 
on the part of British subjects in the event of 
his issuing an ultimatum. In short, his halting 
methods of conciliation in the pre-war period 
stood a very good chance of being misinter- 
preted by a large section of the British. Gene- 
rally, he is looked upon as a man of high attain- 
ments and character (somewhat hampered as 
a politician by a " cross-bench " habit of mind), 
with a racial bias towards the Dutch propa- 
ganda, and an intellectual sympathy with 
British methods and characteristics. Mr. 
Schreiner has been delegated at various times 
to conferences between S. African Govts. ; was 
a Member of the Jameson Raid Committee, 
and gave evidence before the B.S.A. Committee 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


of the House of Commons in 1897. He is a 
man of the keenest intellect, of brilliant parts, 
a practised speaker, and a successful lawyer. 
He married a sister of Mr. Reitz, at one time 
Pres. of the O.F.S. 

SCHREINER, Theophilus, M.L.A., repre- 
sents Tembuland in the Cape Legislative As- 
sembly. He has for many years been a pro- 
minent politician, and sits as a supporter of 
the Progressive party. He was last re-elected 
at the general election in 1904. 

SCHULLER, WiLHELM Cheistian, of Johan- 
nesburg, S.A., and 25, Paulinen Strasse, Stutt- 
gart, Germany, and of the Royal Colonial 
Institute, was born Jan. 18, 1842, at Stuttgart, 
and was educated in his native city and in 
London. In 1889 he went to S.A. and 
proceeded direct to Johannesburg. It is 
claimed that he and his son, Oscar H. Schuller, 
were the discoverers and pioneers of the now 
famous Pretoria Diamond Fields. In April 
1897, father and son took up and prospected 
the Farm Rietfontein 351 (District Pretoria). 
On Aug. 2 his son discovered the first diamond, 
and vigorous work resulted in a true diamond 
pipe or crater being opened up. A great deal 
of local incredulity was displayed, both Mr. 
Schuller and his son being designated swindlers, 
salters and rogues. Undaunted, however, they 
persevered, and proved that the mine was 
genuine. The general impression seemed to 
be that it was impossible to find diamonds 
outside of Griqualand West and the O.F.S. 
Pres. Kriiger also threw every obstacle 
possible in the waj^ but subseqiiently he modi- 
fied his attitude, and helped the owners with 
legislation, as he was afraid that the late Mr. 
Rhodes might step in. A company was floated 
and named after the discoverers, " The Schuller 
Diamond Mines, Ltd., of which Mr. Schuller 
was a Director. He is also now a Director of 
Byeneestpoort Diamond Mines, Ltd., the Rand 
Reefs G.M. Co., and other similar undertakings. 
Mr. Schuller has done much to promote gym- 
nastic exercises, and has given many prizes and 
trophies to the Wanderers' Gymnastic Soc. 

SCHUMACHER, Raymond William, of 
Palhnghurst, Johannesburg, second son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Erwdn A. Schumacher, of Porchester 
Terrace, W., was born in London in 1871. He 
was educated at Eastbourne under Mr. F. 
Schreiner, brother of the ex-Premier of the Cape, 
and at Harrow. He studied banldng and 

finance in London, and for some years on tho 
Continent before going to Johannesburg in 
1894, where he entered the employment of the 
firm of Eckstein soon after his arrival, and 
became a partner of that firm, together with 
Sir Percj^ Fitzpatrick, in 1898. Although not 
one of the Reformers, he gave evidence at 
Pretoria at the trial of the Committee in Feb. 
1896, and was imprisoned for a few hours for 
refusing to divulge his thoughts ! In 1899, 
before the war, he became Chairman of the 
Johannesburg Relief Committee. One of the 
last to leave Johannesburg when war broke out, 
he quickly returned, and served with the Rand 
Rifles as Capt., taking an active interest in 
encouraging rifle shooting among the British 
population on the Rand, and in the Transvaal 
Volunteer movement. He is now Maj., and 
second in command to Sir Godfrey Lagden in 
the T.R.I. He also takes an interest in most 
forms of sport. He is chairman of a large 
number of leading gold mining cos., and 
director of several more, and a member of the 
Rand Water Board. Politically he holds 
Imperialistic views, and hopes to see an intelli- 
gent effort made to protect British trade within 
the Empire. Mr. Schumacher married, June 8, 
1903, Hope, youngest dau. of Mr. and Mrs. 
Ed. L. Weigall, of 40, Holland Park, W. 

SCOBLE, John, of Pretoria (P.O. Box 384),^ 
Transvaal, was born in London, March 11, 
1826, his father having been Secy, of the Anti- 
Slavery Society, and afterwards M.P. for the 
county of Elgin, Canada. He was educated 
privately, and at the age of 20 joined the staff 
of the " Morning Herald," Lond., becoming 
City editor of that paper in 1849, subsequently 
occupying a similar position on the " Morning 
Post." In 1860 he went to Natal ; was ap- 
pointed J.P. for Newcastle Div. in 1872 ; was 
a member of the Newcastle and Zulu Border 
Defence Commission ; went to Transvaal Gold- 
fields in 1873 ; was appointed Gold Commis- 
sioner and Special Landdrost in 1875, and 
Landdrost at Middelburg from 1877 to 1879. 
In 1880 he once more adopted journalism, and 
edited the Transvaal " Argus," until publication 
ceased ■with the first Boer War, in which he 
served as a volunteer in the Pretoria Rifles in 
the defence of Pretoria. On conclusion of 
peace he went to the Jagersfontein diamond 
fields ; estabhshed the " Free State Argus " 
and a daily paper called the " Breakfast Table." 
In 1882 he became editor of the "Transvaal 
Advertiser," and advocated British interests. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

until publication was suspended in 1898. In 
1902 he resumed and still retains the editorship. 
Prior to the last S.A. War Mr. Scoble acted 
as Pretoria correspondent of the London 
" Times." In 1900 he piiblished, in collabora- 
tion with H. R. Abercroinbie, a political history 
of the Transvaal, called the " Rise and Fall of 
Kriigerism," which went through two editions 
and a cheap reprint. He married : first, in 
1849, Miss Marian Richmond ; and second, on 
Oct. 1, 1890, Miss Annie van der Riet. 

SCOTT, John E., of Bulawayo, practised as 
a solicitor in Johannesburg, afterwards going 
to Bulawayo, where he was the first to follow 
that profession. He was a member of the first 
Sanitary Board, and has always taken a leading 
interest in local affairs. He was elected Mayor 
of Bulawayo in 1902, and he is a member of the 
Bulawayo Chamber of Mines. 

SCOTT, William Edward Edw,\bds, of 
Hartley, Rhodesia, was appointed Asst. Native 
Commissioner at Umtali in May, 1896, and 
became Native Commissioner for the Hartley 
District, Apr. 1, 1897. 

SEARLE, Charles, M.L.A., is Member of 
the Cape Legislative Assembly for the electoral 
division of George ; is a supporter of the 
Bond, and was last returned to the House in 
Feb. 1904. 

SEARLE, James, M.L.A., is Member of the 
Cape Legislative Assembly for Port Elizabeth, 
for which constituency he successfully sought 
re-election at the general election in 1904. 
He is a member of the Progressive party. 

SEEAR, John, of The Quarry, Cheara, 
Surrey, and of Salisbury House, London Wall, 
E.C., was formerly with the firm of George 
Hasluck & Co., accountants, of which he is still 
a sleeping partner. He is a director of a large 
nimaber of public cos., chiefly Rhodesian and 
Finance. He is Chairman of the Bulawayo 
Market and Offices, Crescens (Matabele) Mines, 
Crewe's Rhodesia Development, Davies' Selukwe 
Development, Ibo Investment Trust, Koffy- 
fontein Mines (also Life Governor), Lomagmida 
Development, Rhodesia Exploration (and Mana- 
ging Director), the Rhodesia - Matabeleland 
Development and the Warnford Explora- 
tion Cos. He is co-Managing Director with 
Mr. W. A. Wills of the Estate, Finance and 
Mines Corporation; is Managing Director of 

the Goldfields of Matabeleland, and is on the 
Boards of the Rand Rhodesia, Oceana Con- 
solidated, Transvaal Goldfields and Van Ryn 
G. Mines. In addition to these directorships 
he is on the London committees of a few other 
limited companies. 

SELOUS, Frederick Courteney, of 
Heatherside, Worplesdon, Surrey, was born 
near Regent's Park, London, Dec. 31, 1851, 
and is of mixed Huguenot and English descent 
on the father's side, and of English and Scottish 
descent in the maternal line. He was edvicated 
at Bruce Castle (Tottenham), Rtigby, Neuchatel, 
and Wiesbaden, and when still a boy went to 
S.A., landing at Algoa Bay on Sept. 4, 1871, 
with the intention of going to tlae diamond 
fields. But instead of this he started on a 
trading expedition through Griqualand. In the 
following year he set out for Matabeleland, 
meeting on the way Mr. G. A. Phillips, with 
whom he made the acquaintance of Lobengula, 
who granted Mr. Selous permission to shoot 
elephants because he was " only a boy." In 
1877, after a trip to England, he again visited 
the Zambesi. From 1882 to 1892 Mr. Selous 
was constantly travelling over the Mashona 
plateau, and during that time roughly mapped 
out the country by taking compass bearings 
wherever possible from hill to hill, and sketching 
the courses of the rivers and streams from 
the tops of hills. Mr. Selous was associated 
with IMaj. Johnson as guide and intelligence 
officer in the work of opening up Mashonaland 
with the early pioneers, and it was in this con- 
nection that he prepared the track known as 
the Selous Road from Tuli to Fort Salisbury, 
400 miles long, as well as various other roads 
connecting the mining centres. He com- 
manded a troop of R.H.V. in the second Mata- 
bele War (189G), and was afterwards for a short 
period associated with the Partridge & Jarvis 
group. During the last few seasons Mr. Selous 
has been hunting in Asia Minor, in North 
America, and in E. Africa again. His museimi 
at Worplesdon contains many magnificent 
trophies of the chase in different parts of the 
world. He has written a good nmnber of in- 
teresting books on travel and sport ; has lec- 
tured considerably, and was awarded in 1893 
the Founders' Medal of the Royal Geographical 
Society in recognition of his extensive explora- 
tions and svu-veys in B. S.A. He married, Apr. 4, 
1894, Marie Catharine Gladys, eldest dau. of 
the Rev. Canon Maddy, Rector of Down 
Hatherley, Glcs. 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


SENIOR, Bernard, Auditor-Gen. of the 
O.R.C. ; of Bloemfontein, S.A., and of the 
Royal Societies' Club ; son of the late John 
Senior, solicitor, of 2, New Inn, London, 
was born at Wimbledon, Surrey, June 23, 
1865. He entered the Home Civil Service as 
Clerk to the Boundary Commission under the 
Redistribution of Seats Act, in Dec. 1884. He 
was attached to the Scotch Education Dept. 
in 1885, and again in 1888. In 1887 he 
was selected as Private Secy, to the late 
Rt. Hon. Sir Francis Sandford (afterwards 
Lord Sandford), Under-Secy. of State for Scot- 
land. In May 1888 he was appointed First- 
Class Clerk in the Colonial Secy.'s Office 
on the Gold Coast. He was elected Local 
Auditor of the Colony of Lagos in 1889, and 
held a similar position on the Gold Coast from 
Dec. 1889 to Feb. 1894. For the next two 
years he was Local Auditor of British Bechuana- 
land, and when that Colony was incorporated 
with the C.C. in Nov. 1895 he was trans- 
ferred to the Island of Cyprus as Local 
Auditor, which position he held until Oct. 1, 
1902, when he was elected Auditor-Gen. 
of the O.R.C. He is a Director of the National 
Bank of the O.R.C, and is Chairman of the 
Govt. Tender Board. He is Hon. Treas. 
of the O.R.C. Turf Club, and is Hon. Secy, of 
the United Service Club, Bloemfontein. He 
married. Mar. 31, 1891, Florence Mary, yoiuigest 
dau. of the late Dr. S. B. Farr, of Andover, Hants. 

SERGEANT, Lietjt.-Col., F.R.G.S., is eldest 
son of Capt. Sergeant late of the 74th High- 
landers and the Turkish Contingent, of St. 
Benet's Abbey, near Bodmin, and of Barn 
Park, Cornwall. In 1S74 he organized and 
raised the Cadet Corps of the 2nd Devon R.V., 
which he commanded until 1882, and also 
held a commission in the 1st Somerset R.V. 
from 1877 to 1880. In 1882 he was 
gazetted to a commission in the 4th Royal 
Fusiliers, obtaining his Captaincy in 1883. He 
served with this battn. until 1889. In 1884 
he went out to S.A. with the 1st detachment of 
Methuen's Horse, acting as Assist. Sergt.- 
Maj. in connection with the preliminary drill 
and instruction of the men. Early in the 
following year he received a commission in the 
Pioneer Regt., Bechuanaland Field Force, and 
commanded a detachment (despatches) until 
the termination of the expedition. In 1886 
he joined the Reserve of Officers, and was pro- 
moted Capt. in 1889. He was gazetted to a 
company in the 5th Rifle Brigade in 1890, 

and received his hon. majority in the same 
year. In 1893 he was promoted to the sub- 
stantive rank of Maj., and in Aug. 1895 re- 
ceived his hon. Lieut. -Colonelcy. 

Col. Sergeant was appointed an Esquire of 
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in 1892, 
and promoted Knight of that Order in 1894. 

He has written much on sport, travel, and 
colonization in the " Field," and is the author 
of several books and pamphlets. He repre- 
sented the " Pall Mall Gazette " as Special Com- 
missioner during the Matabele War of 1896. 
As a cyclist he takes a practical interest in 
military cycling, and is standing counsel to the 
National Cyclist Union of Great Britain. He 
has patented various improvements in con- 
nection with firearms, of which he has expert 

SETON-KARR, Sir Henry, Knt., C.M.G., 
M.P., J.P. and D.L. for Roxbiu-ghshire, of 
Kippilaw, St. Boswells, N.B. ; of 22, Sloane 
Gardens, S.W., and of the Carlton, Imperial 
Service and New (Edinburgh) Chxbs ; is 
the son of G. Berkeley Seton-Karr, of the 
Madras Civil Service, who was Resident Com. 
missioner at Belgaum, Southern Mahratta, 
during the great Mutiny. He was born Feb. 5, 
1853, in India, and educated at Harrow and 
Oxford, where he took honours in law and 
graduated M.A. In 1879 he was called to the 
Bar, and practised on the Northern Circuit. 
He was elected to Parliament for St. Helen's, 
Lanes., in 1885, and has held his seat 
through five contested elections, increasing his 
majority from 57 to 1,878. He is greatly inter- 
ested in State colonization and the national 
food supply in time of war. He was elected as 
a member of the Royal Commission appointed 
to consider this subject in 1903, and originated 
the Sharpshooters' Corps for service in S.A. 
in 1899. During the years 1900-01-02 he 
acted as Vice-Chairman and Hon. Secy, of the 
Sharpshooters' Committee, who sent out three 
and half battalions (18th, 21st, 23rd LY.) 
for service during the war. For this he 
received his C.M.G. He is Chairman of the 
Liverpool, St. Helens, and S. Lancashire 
Railway Co. ; Vice-Chairman of the Widnes 
and Runcorn Bridge Co., and a Director of 
various other cos. Sir Henry is widely known 
as a keen sportsman, having shot big game 
in S.A., Western America, Norway, British 
Colombia, and Scotland. He has a very fine 
collection of big game sporting trophies, in- 
cluding buffalo, antelope, grizzly, black bear 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

and mountain lion, and has an elk forest in 
Norway. His publications include " The Call 
to Arms" (1901), and many sporting articles 
and reviews. He married: first, in Nov., 1880, 
Edith, dau. of the late W. Pilkington, D.L., of 
Roby Hall, Liverpool, who died in 1884 ; and 
second, in 1886, Janie, eldest dau. of W. 
Tharburn of Edinburgh. 

SEWELL, Cyril Otto Hudson, of Ciren- 
cester, Glos., was born at Pietermaritzburg, 
Natal, Dec. 19, 1874 ; is eldest surviving son 
of J. J. Sewell, late of the Colonial Office, Natal. 
He was educated at Maritzburg Coll., and 
accompanied the first S.A. cricket team to 
England in 1894. He was the youngest player 
in the XI. ; headed the batting averages, and 
was the only member of the team to complete 
1,000 rvms during the tour. 

He took up law as a profession, and has 
practised for some years at Circenester. Quali- 
fied by residence there, he has played in the 
Gloucester County XI. every year since 1895, 
with the exception of 1897, when he was called 
to S.A. on the death of his father. Mr. Sewell 
married, Feb. 21, 1903, Maud Evelyn, eldest 
dau. of Mrs. Maunsell-Collins, of Carlyle Gardens, 

SHAND, William Robertson, formerly 
Clerk at Knysna and Swellendam, was appointed 
Asat. Magistrate at Willowmore Aug. 1, 1890 ; 
at Glen Grey, Apr. 2, 1893 ; joined the Char- 
tered Co.'s service as Asst. Magistrate at Gwelo, 
Oct. 1, 1898 ; has acted as Civil Commissioner 
and R.M. in the C.C. on various occasions, and 
also as Asst. Magistrate at Enkeldoorn and 
Bulawayo, and as Magistrate at Gwelo. 

SHARP, Ernest Chappel, J. P. for S. 
Rhodesia ; of Salisbury, Rhodesia ; joined the 
Chartered Co's. service as Clerk in the Surveyor- 
General's Office, Apr. 1, 1894 ; was Acting 
Asst. Registrar of the High Court, Feb. 18, 
1896 ; served in the Matabeleland and Mashona- 
land Rebellions until Sept. 1, 1896 ; was Secy, 
to the Assessment of Compensation Board, 
Sept. 7, 1896 ; Acting High Sheriff and Chief 
Clerk to Public Prosecutor, Sept. 7, 1896 ; Asst. 
Statist, Mch. 1897 ; and Clerk to Civil Com- 
missioner, Salisbury, Apr. 4, 1900. 

SHARPE, Montagu, D.L., J.P., of Brent 
Lodge, Hanwell, W. ; 3, Elm Court, Temple, 
E.C., and the Junior Carlton Club ; only son of 

Commander Benjamin Sharpe, J. P., for Middle- 
sex (who died in 1883), by Marianne Fanny, 
dau. of the late Rev. Geo. Montagu ; was born 
in Oct. 1856 ; was educated at Felstead, and 
was for some years in the Civil Service from 
which he retired in 1883. He took his degree 
of D.L. in 1888, and was called to the Bar of 
Gray's Inn in 1889. He was placed on the 
Commission of the Peace for Middlesex in 
1883 ; is an Alderman of that county, and has 
been Vice-Chairman of the first Middlesex 
Coimty Council since 1889. He has also been 
Deputy-Chairman of the Middlesex Quarter 
Sessions since 1896, and is Chairman of the 
Petty Sessions and Commissioner of Taxes 
for Brentford Dist., and has been Chairman of 
the Hanwell Conservative Assoc, since 1883. 

Mr. Sharpe is Chairman of John Birch & Co., 
Ltd., engineers, trading in India, Japan, S. 
America and Egypt, in which latter country 
the company received from the Govt, a con- 
cession for establishing a system of light rail- 
ways in the provinces of Beherah and Garbieh. 
This concession was taken over by the Egyptian 
Delta Light Railway Co., Ltd., of which Mr. 
Sharpe is a Director. He is also on the Board 
of the Tendring Hundred Water Co. 

In Freemasonry he is P.G.D. Grand Lodge, 
Eng., and is Pres. of the League of Mercy, 
Brentford Div. He was winner of the Civil 
Service Mile Challenge Cup for three years, and 
of other races. His recreations are now photo- 
graphy, boating, workshop, hunting and shoot- 
ing. He married, July, 1888, Mary Annie, 
only dau. of Capt. John Parsons, R.N. 

SHAW, Flora Louise, maiden name of 
Lady Lugard (q.v.). 

SHORT, George, served as Sergt. on the 
Mount Darwin patrol in 1897. He then entered 
the Chartered Company's service, Mch. 7, 1898. 

SILBERBAUER, C, Christian, of C.C, 
was born in S.A. Although he claims to be an 
independent representative member of the Cap& 
Legislative Assembly, he has leanings towards 
the Bond, and was supported by that organiza- 
tion in his candidature for Tembuland, for 
which he was elected unopposed in Nov. 1902. 

SILBERBAUER, W., M.L.A., represents the 
electoral division of Richmond in the Cape 
House of Assembly. He is a Member of the 
S. African party, and was last returned in that 
interest in Feb. 1904. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


SIM, Thomas Robertson, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., 
of Natal, is the son of a well known Aber- 
deenshire botanist and fruit grower. He 
was born at Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1858, and 
was educated at the old Aberdeen Gram. 
Sch. and at the Univ. of that town. He has 
always been closely connected with econ- 
omic horticulture, botany and sylviculture. 
After a thorough training in these subjects in 
many of the best horticultural schools of 
England and America, including the Hort, 
Society's Garden, Chiswick ; the Royal Gardens, 
Kew ; Harvard Univ. Botanic Gardens, and 
a few years of active connection with fruit 
growing and nursery work in Scotland, he 
emigrated in 1888 to S.A., where after being a 
short time Curator of the Botanic Gardens of 
King Williamstown, he joined the Civil Ser- 
vice of C.C., passing through various grades in 
the Forest Department up to District Forest 
Officer in the Eastern Conservancy, where also 
he was occasionally utiUzed as lecturer on 
Forestry and Fruit Culture. In 1902, when 
the reorganization of the Forest Service of 
Natal was proposed, he was selected to carry 
that out, and was transferred as Conservator 
of Forests of Natal, with which appointment 
was also conjoined that of fruit expert. Be- 
sides numerous contributions to magazine 
literature, he is the author of " The Ferns of 
Kaffraria," " Check List of the Flora of Kaff- 
raria," " The Ferns of South Africa," and the 
" Forest Flora of Cape Colony," which latter 
work is now in the press. 

SIVEWRIGHT, Sir James, K.C.M.G., 
M.A., of Tullyallan, Fifeshire, N.B., and of 
Lourensford, C.C, was born at Fochabers, 
Elginshire, in Dec. 1848. He was entered at 
Aberdeen Univ. in 1862 as a Bursar, and 
graduated M.A. in 1866. He adopted tele- 
graphic engineering as a profession, and after 
holding an appointment in the Indian tele- 
graphs, became Superintending Engineer of the 
Southern Division of England in 1870. He 
was Secy, to the Society of Telegraph Engineers, 
and was appointed Gen. Manager of S. 
African Telegraphs in 1877, from which he 
retired on a pension in 1884. He received the 
C.M.G. on the conclusion of the Zulu War, in 
which he also earned the S.A. War medal with 
clasp. After a short rest in England he re- 
turned to the Cape, and entered the political 
arena in 1888 as first member for Griqualand E., 
defeating Mr. Zietsman by a large majority. 
On July 17, 1890, Sir James joined the Rhodes' 

Ministry without portfolio, but subsequently 
(Sept. 1890) was appointed Commissioner of 
Crown Lands and Public Works, and energeti- 
cally supported his chief in the extension of th© 
Cape railway and telegraph systems north- 
wards, and his negotiation with the Transvaal 
Executive for the construction of the Bloem 
fontein-Johannesburg section was considered a 
diplomatic achievement of no slight merit. 
He was knighted on completion of railway com- 
munication with the Transvaal. Sir James 
went out of office in the disruption of 1893, but 
returned as Commissioner of Public Works in 
the Sprigg Ministry of 1896. 

He was one of the founders of the Johannes- 
burg Waterworks Co. ; was largely responsible 
for the reduction of the S.A. cable rates, and 
worked hard for a high level of efficiency in 
departmental affairs, as well as in all business 
imdertakings with which he has been connected. 
He was the pioneer of Cold Storage in the Cape, 
and having decided to remain in liis British 
home, is devoting his energies to the develop- 
ment of the coal and iron measiores of the East 
of Scotland. Sir James married, in 1880, 
Jennie, dau. of George Page, of Bloemfontein, 

SKINNER, H. Ross, of Johannesburg, was 
delegated by the Transvaal Chamber of Mines 
to proceed to the East in order to investigate 
and report upon the labour supply there for the' 
S.A. mines. 

SLATER, J., M.L.A., represents Victoria 
East in the Cape House of Assembly in the 
Progressive interest. He was elected at the 
general election in Feb. 1904. 

SLOLEY, Herbert Cecil, of the Residency, 
Maseru, Basutoland, was born at Calcutta, 
Feb. 4, 1855. He is son of the late Robert 
Hugh Sloley, of Calcutta ; was educated at th© 
Greenwich Proprietary Sch., and proceeding to 
S.A. served with the Cape Mounted Riflemen 
and various Colonial forces until 1884, when 
he was appointed Sub-Inspector of Basutoland 
Police. He was promoted Inspector, 1S86(.'; 
Asst. Commissioner in Basutoland, 1888 ; Govt. 
Secy, in Basutoland, 1895 ; and Resident Com- 
missioner in Basutoland in 1901. He has seen 
considerable service in the field, and wears the 
war medal with clasp, 1877-8-9 ; medal with 
clasp for 1880-1, and the S.A. War medal for 
1899-1900. He married, Nov. 18, 1886, 
Charlotte, dau. of the late John Dick, of C.C. 
and Scotland. 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

SMARTT, De. Thomas William, M.L.A., of 
C.T., is an Irishman by birth, and trained 
for the medical profession, which he abandoned 
to take a more prominent role in Colonial 
politics. He was formerly a political adherent 
of Sir Gordon Sprigg, whose Ministry he joined 
from May to Oct. 1898, as Colonial Secy. ; 
afterwards in June 1900 becoming Commis- 
sioner of Public Works in Sir Gordon Sprigg's 
fourth Administration. Ever a staunch Pro- 
gressive, he seceded from the Govt, on the 
Suspension movement, taking with him the 
main body of the Progressive party. Dr. 
Smartt then for a long time bore the brunt of 
the hard work on behalf of the Progressives 
xmtil, in June 1903, Dr. Jameson became the 
recognized leader of the party. In the general 
election in Feb. 1904 Dr. Smartt defeated Sir 
Gordon Sprigg at East London (C.C. ), and took 
office vmder Dr. Jameson as Commissioner for 
Crown Lands and Public Works in the same 
month. Dr. Smartt is a capable administrator, 
a fluent speaker, and possesses a youthful 

SMITH, Charles Aubrey, B.A., of the 
Avenue House, West Drayton, and the Sports 
and Green Roona Clubs and the M.C.C., was 
born in London, July 21, 1863, and was educated 
at Charterhouse and Cambridge. Since his 
Charterhouse days, when he played in the 
school XL (1880-1), he has been a keen wielder 
of the willow. He played for Cambridge Univ. 
1882-3-4-5, for Stissex County from 1882-92, 
captained the English team in Australia 1887-8, 
and was also Capt. of the Enghsh XL in S.A. 
in 1888-9. For some little time he then settled 
down in Johannesburg, but returned to England, 
and adopted the theatrical profession with a 
success which is well known to the theatre-going 
public. He married, Aug. 15, 1896, Isabella, 
dau. of the late Major Wood, of Abbey Wood, 

SMITH, Col. Sir Chas. Bean Euan {see 
Euan-Smith. ) 

SMITH, Edward Duffus, of Salisbury, 
Rhodesia, entered the Chartered Co.'s service 
as Clerk in the Pay Office, Bulawayo, June 1, 
1896 ; transferred to Controller's Office, Salis- 
bury, May 1, 1897, of which he became Account- 
ant, Apr. 1, 1898 ; was appointed Clerk-in- 
Charge, Stores Dept., Salisbury, Jvily 1, 1901. 

SMITH, Frank Braybrooke, of Pretoria, 

was born in Huntingdonshire in 1864. He is 
son of W. Crexton Smith, a well known agri- 
culturist and authority upon farming and 
estate management. Mr. F. B. Smith was 
educated privately and at Downing CoU., 
Camb. ; was Professor of Agriculture and 
Vice-Principal of the South-Eastern Agri- 
cultural Coll., Wye, Kent, from its fovmdation 
in 1894 until Apr. 1902, when he was appointed 
Agricultural Adviser to Lord Milner, and upon 
the establishment of the dept. in July, 1902, 
he was appointed Director of Agriculture for 
the Transvaal. 

Mr. Smith has always taken a keen interest 
in agriculture, agricultural education and 
organization, and is the author of several 
articles and papers on these subjects. In 1900 
he undertook an extensive tour through the 
U.S.A. and Canada for the purpose of studying 
the agricultural conditions and admmistration 
of those countries, and his observations thereon 
are published in a work entitled " Agriculture 
in the New World." He indulges in hunting, 
shooting, and other country pursuits, and is 

SMITH, Frederick William, J.P., of Bula- 
wayo, joined the Cape Govt, service June 10, 
1881 ; Cape Mounted Pohce, Jan. 16, 1883 ; 
won the first prize essay on Colonial police 
administration, June, 1885, and was appointed 
Chief-Constable at King Williamstown, Nov. 
19, 1885 ; became Supt. of the King 
WilHamstown Borough Police, Mch. 8, 1888 ; 
was made J.P., Dec. 20, 1889, and was selected 
by the Cape Govt, to reorganize the Port Eliza- 
beth Police Dept., Jan. 1, 1895 ; afterwards 
returning to King Williamstown. He was 
seconded for service in Matabeleland to re- 
organize the Municipal Police, July 1, 1898 ; 
was made J.P. for Rhodesia, July 27, 1898 ; 
and was appointed Inspector conamanding the 
Municipal Police and head of the detective 
dept. for Matabeleland, Nov. 24, 1898. 

SMITH, Hon. G. D., M.L.C, is member of 
the Cape Legislative Council for British Bechu- 
analand. He is a Progressive, and was last 
elected in 1904. 

SMITH, Sir John Smalman, Knt. Bachelor, 
M.A., J.P., of Courtfield, Chiswick, and the St. 
Stephen's Club, was born at the Chauntry, 
Quatford, Salop, Aug. 23, 1847 ; is eldest son 
of the late S. Pountney Smith, J.P., of Shrews- 
bury, and was educated at Shrewsbury Sch. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


and St. John's Coll., Camb., where he graduated 
M.A. He went to the Gold Coast as Pviisne 
Judge of the Supreme Court in 1883 ; was 
transferred to Lagos as sole Judge of the 
Supreme Court in 1886, and was Chief Justice 
from 1889 to 1885, when he was invalided, 
retiring from the service in the following year. 

Sir John is a Vice-Pres. of the African Soc, 
founded in memory of Mary Kingsley, and is 
J.P. for Middlesex. 

SMITH, Percy George, of Gwelo, Rho- 
desia, was Clerk in the Chief Accountant's 
Office, C.G.R., Jan. 1889 ; Clerk to the Engi- 
neer-in-Chief, C.G.R., 1889 ; Magistrates' 
Clerk at Kimberley, 1892 ; Asst. Magistrate, 
Douglass, 1893 ; Additional Magistrate, Bula- 
wayo, July 1894 ; Magistrate at Bulawayo, 
July 1896 ; and became C.C. and R.M., Gwelo, 
in July 1897. 

SMITHERS, H. Langworthy Hampden, 
of Koffyfontein, O.R.C., and Uppertown, 
Johannesburg, whose mother is a cousin of 
Robert Browning, was born on Mar. 19, 1857, 
at Brussels. He arrived in Natal in 1867 with 
liis parents, when he devoted his attention to 
learning farming. He went to the diamond 
fields in 1870, and to Pretoria in 1874. He 
vvas commandeered by the Boers in 1875, and 
served on commando. He joined the Trans- 
vaal Civil Service in 1870, and was appointed 
to the special service of the Postal Dept. by 
Sir Owen Lanyon. In 1880-81 he took part 
in the defence of Pretoria, and was present at 
tlie engagements near that town. In 1881 he 
returned to the diamond fields, and went to 
Koffyfontein in 1892, where he was very suc- 
cessful as a digger. On war breaking out he 
v/as commandeered by the Boers to fight 
against the English, but he fled the country, 
passing through the Boer lines to the Gordon 
Highlanders' camp at Graspan. He returned 
later, and took a prominent part m the defence 
of Koffyfontein, becoming O.C., Koffyfontein 
Defence Force, on the retirement of Major 
Robertson, K.L.H. He was elected Maj^or of 
Koffyfontein and J.P. for Fauresmith by the 
British Govt. He did much good work on the 
Hospital Board, etc. Mr. Smithers is an old 
footballer and lawn tennis player. He is a fair 
rifle shot, and very interested in music. He 
married, Jime 5, 1884, Elsa, eldest dau. of the 
late Mr. Dietrich, of Sea Point near Cape Town. 
He has five children. His eldest son, aged 18 
years, served 19 months against the Boers. 

SMITH-WRIGHT, Edward Henry, of 
Salisbury, Rhodesia ; joined the Chartered 
Co.'s service in July 1895, as Clerk, passing 
through various grades until, in Oct. 1897, he 
was appointed Examiner of Accovuits, Audit 
Dept. ; Secy, to the Tender Board at SaUs- 
bm*y, Nov. 1898 ; and Acting Chief Examiner 
of Accounts, Feb. 15, 1901. 

SMUTS, Jacobus Abraham, M.L.A., is 
Bond Member of the Cape Legislative Assembly 
for Mahnesbury, for which electoral division 
he was last elected at the general election in 

SMUTS, J. C, an Afrikander by birth, was 
educated in the C.C. and at Cambridge Univ., 
where he took his higher degrees with great 
distinction. He was called to the English Bar ; 
retm-ned to S.A., and was appointed State- 
Attorney to the Transvaal Republic — an ap- 
pointment which gave great satisfaction to 
the Progressives, with whom he was accoimted 
an able and zealous worker. He is described as 
of the Hollander type — tall, thin, and fair, 
with a pointed yellow beard. He has con- 
siderable eloquence in the Taal, and knows how 
to arouse a thrill of emotion in his audience. 

SNOW, El-Kaimakam (Lieut.-Col.) Cecil 
LoNGUEViLLE, Bey, 4th class Medjidieh ; of 
Port Said, and the Turf Club, Cairo ; was born 
at Kensington, Aug. 5, 1863 ; was educated 
privately at Boulogne s.M., and at Merchant 
Taylors' Sch., Crosby, Liverpool. He joined 
the N.W. Mounted Police of Canada in 1885, 
taking part in the suppression of the Rice 
Rebelhon. In 1891 he joined the Egyptian 
Coastguard Service ; received the Order of the 
Medjidieh (4th class) in 1901, and was promoted 
Kaimakam (Lieut.-Col.) in 1903. He is now 
Director of the Suez Canal and Red Sea dis- 
tricts. He married, Aug. 10, 1900, Miss Ulrica 
Beatrice Vallanee. 

SOLOMON, Hon. Sir Richard, K.C.M.G., 
C.B., K.C., M.L.C., of Zasm House, Pretoria, 
was born at Cape Town, Oct. 18, 1850. He is 
son of the late Rev. E. Solomon, a missionary 
in the Transkei territories. He was educated 
at the S.A. Coll. and at Peterhouse, Camb. 
(23rd Wrangler), and was called to the Bar of 
the Inner Temple in 1879. He accompanied 
Lord Rosmead as Legal Adviser to Mauritius 
on the Commission of enquiry in 1886 ; vi^as 
Chairman of the Mining Commission ; and 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Member of the Native Law Commission. He 
entered the Cape Parliament in 1893. In 1896 
he was retained with Advocate Wessels to 
defend the Reform prisoners. He was Attor- 
ney-Gen. of the C.C. from 1898 to 1901, in which 
year he received his knighthood. 

Sir B-ichard was appointed Legal Adviser to 
Lord Kitchener, C.I.C. in S.A., from 1901 to 
the end of the Boer War, for which services he 
received the C.B. He was then appointed 
Legal Adviser to the Transvaal Administration 
(1901-2). He represented S.A. at the Delhi 
Durbar in 1902-3 (gold and silver medals), 
and has been a member of the Executive and 
Legislative Councils and Attorney-Gen. of the 
Transvaal since 1902, in which capacity he has 
had an onerous task to perform in the framing 
and adapting the laws to the new conditions. 
He married, Mary, dau. of the Rev. J. Walton, 
and sister of Mr. Lawson Walton, K.C., M.P. 

SPEIGHT, Arthur Edwin, of Bulawayo, 
was Clerk in the Customs Dept. at Mafeking, 
Oct. 10, 1895 ; East London, June 1898 ; and 
Umtah, July 9, 1899. He became Sub-Col- 
lector at Umtah, Feb. 12, 1900 ; Clerk in the 
Customs Administrative Branch in Dec. of that 
year, and Chief Examining Officer at Bula- 
wayo, Apr. 16, 1901. 

SPIRO, Socrates, Bey (Sanieh) ; Order of 
the Medjidieh (4th class) ; of Ramleh, Alex- 
andria, and of the San Stefano Club, was born 
in Cairo, Aug. 24, 1860. He is of Greek origin, 
his father having been a noted Greek scholar. 
He was educated at the American Mission Sch., 
Cairo ; entered the Egyptian Govt, service in 
1883 ; was Priv. Secy, to Lord (then Mr.) 
Milner, L^nder-Secy. for Finance, during his 
last tour of inspection of the provinces of Up. 
Egypt in 1892; was Priv. Secy, to Sir Clinton 
(then Mr.) Dawkins, Under-Secy. for Finance, 
from 1895 to 1899 ; and became Director of the 
Central Administration of Egyptian Ports and 
Lighthouses in June, 1899. He is author of 
Arabic-English and English-Arabic dictionaries 
of modern Egyptian Arabic (published in 1895 
and 1897) ; has contributed many articles and 
reviews to English papers on modern Arabic, 
as well as many articles on literary subjects to 
Arabic periodicals. He is fond of travel and 
the study of modern Arabic. He married, in 
1882, Rose, dau. of H. G. Tarpinian. 

SPONG, Major Charles Stuart, D.S.O., 
F.R.C.S., B.Sc, late R.A.M.C, of Cairo, and of 

the Army and Navy Club ; third son of the late 
Wm. Nash Spong, F.R.C.S., was born June 12, 
1859 ; was educated at Epsom Coll. and Guy's 
Hosp., and entered the Army in 1887. He 
was seconded for service with the Egyptian 
Army in 1890, and acted as S.M.O. in the 
Sudan Campaign, 1896-98, receiving the D.S.O. 
and the Order of the Medjidieh. Major Spong 
retired from the service in 1899 to take the post 
of Medical Adviser to the Egyptian State Rail- 
ways. He married, Oct. 4, 1900, Mary Barnsley 
Pickering, of Newtown, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. 

SPRECKLEY, Harry Unwin, after serving 
as Clerk to the C.C. and R.M. at Mazoe and 
SaUsbury (1895-6), entered the Mines Dept. 
under the B.S.A. Co. in 1897. 

SPRIGG, Rt. Hon. Sir John Gordon-, 
G.C.M.G. (1902), P.C. (1897), of Wynberg, near 
C.T., was born at Ipswich, Eng., in 1830 ; 
he started business in a shipbuilder's office, 
afterwards joined Gumey's shorthand staff, 
and in 1858 went to S.A. for the benefit 
of his health. He settled in the Division of 
East London (C.C), and entered the Cape 
ParUament as member for East London in 
1873. He was appointed Colonial Secy, and 
Premier on the dismissal of Sir J. C. INIolteno 
in 1878, and resigned in 1881 on the Basuto 
question. In 1884 he became Treas.-Gen. 
in Sir Tliomas Upington's Ministry, and suc- 
ceeded liim as Premier in 1886. In the follow- 
ing year Mr. Sprigg, as he then was, was made 
K.C.M.G., and soon after was appointed P.C. 
Sir Gordon resigned in 1890, but on the recon- 
struction of the Rhodes Ministry in 1893 he 
joined it as Treas., and was practically Acting 
Premier. On ]\Ir. Rhodes' retirement in Jan. 
1896, he became actual Premier until Oct. 
1898. In June 1900 he succeeded Mr. W. P. 
Schreiner as Premier, also combining the office 
of Treas. In the general election in Feb. 
1904 Sir Gordon was defeated by Dr. Smartt 
at East London (C.C.) by a majority of 954, 
and the Progressives being in a majority in the 
new House of 50 against the Bond 45, he ten- 
dered his resignation of the Premiership, Dr. 
Jameson bemg caUed upon to form a new 

Formerly the political chief of the Progres- 
sives, he was tliroughout the difficult times 
following the Boer War accused of pandering 
to the Bond party, whose tolerance only 
enabled him to maintain a majority, he being 
repudiated by five-sixths of the Progressives, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


who seceded on the Suspension question. It 
is certainly on record that Sir Gordon and his 
entire Ministry voted with the Bond on more 
than one occasion. This alliance, however, 
was simply a makeshift, and although it suited 
the Bond party to keep Sir Gordon in power, 
it did not deter that organization from assist- 
ing in four Govt, defeats on divisions during 
the last short session of 1902. He created much 
dissatisfaction amongst his earlier followers 
by his refusal to sanction a fresh regis- 
tration of voters in view of the fact that 
in many districts hundreds of disfranchised 
voters were still on the register as late as Sept. 
1902. On the occasion of Ms defeat (Nov. 
3, 1902) on the question of increasing the Cape 
Colonial Forces, however. Sir Gordon Sprigg's 
appeal to the Bond caused their withdrawal 
of the amendment and the passing of the vote 
as originally prmted, and eUcited the Premier's 
thanks to the Bond for its generosity. Since 
than Sir Gordon has been wavering in his 
allegiance between the Bond and the Pro- 
gressives, and has thus not been a sovu'ce of 
strength to the LoyaHsts in Cape Colony, 
although his dogged adhesion to office in the 
face of many real difficulties may have saved 
them from stiU greater dangers. 

Sir Gordon is a practised and effective Par- 
liamentary debater, and has cultivated a less 
aggressive manner than marked the parUa- 
mentary methods of his earlier pohtical days. 
Hjs range of ideas cannot be said to be broad, 
but his devotion to the business of the Colony 
has always been most exemplaxy. 

He was created G.C.M.G. on the occasion 
of the King's Coronation ; he is D.C.L. of 
Oxford, and Hon. LL.D. of Edin. Univ. He 
is a widower, having married a dau. of Mr. J. 
Fleischer. Lady Sprigg died in 1900. 

STANTON, LiEUT.-CoL. Edwakd Alex- 
ander, Order of the Medjidieh (3rd class) ; of 
Khartoum, and of the Army and Navy, the 
Sirdar (Khaxtoum) and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, was 
born at York, Nov. 15, 1867. He is eldest son 
of Gen. Sir Ed. Stanton, K.C.M.G., C.V.O., 
and was educated at Marlborough and Sand- 
hurst, passing into the Oxfordsliire L.I. in 
Feb., 1887. He received his Captaincy in 
1894, and brevet majority in 1898. Col. 
Stanton has seen much active service in N. 
Africa, beginning with the Dongola Expedition 
in 1896, being present at Firket and Hafir 
(despatches, medal with two clasps) ; the Nile 
Expedition in 1897 (despatches and clasp) ; 

the NUe Expedition in 1898, taking part in the 
battles of Atbara and Omdurman (twice men- 
tioned in despatches, bt. -majority, two clasps 
and English medal) ; and again in the Nile 
Expedition in 1899 (clasp and Medjidieh). He 
was employed surveying the navigable channels 
of the Bahr el Zuaf and Bahr el Ghazal in 1898, 
and was at Fashoda during the Marchand 
affair. He joined the Sudan Civil Administra- 
tion in 1899, and received his present appoint- 
ment as Governor of Khartoum in 1900. In 
1901 he was given the local rank of Lieut.-Col. 
Col. Stanton married Isabel Mary, second dau. 
of Capt. H. C. Willes, late Royal Welsh Fusiliers. 

STEAD, Arthur, M.L.A., is one of the 
Progressive representatives of I&nberley in 
the Cape House of Assembly. He was last 
elected in Feb. 1904. 

STEPHAN, H. R., of Brighton Castle, 
Monille Point, C.T., is the head of the 
house of Stephan Bros., of C.T. and 
elsewhere in S.A. Mr. Stephan's firm has 
been largely instrumental in opening up Sal- 
danha Bay and the South-West Territory. They 
own a considerable number of steam and sailing 
ships, and are largely engaged in the grain 

STERRY, Wasey, M.A., of Khartoum; 
of Chapel Cleeve, Washford, Taunton, and of 
the Savile (Lond.), Turf (Cairo) and Sudan 
(Khartoum) Clubs, was bom in Devonshire, 
July 26, 1866. He is elder son of the Rev. 
Francis Sterry of Chapel Cleeve, and Augusta 
EmUy, dau. of the late Hastings N. Middleton. 
He was educated at Eton and Merton CoU., 
Oxon, and was called to the Bar in Nov. 1892. 
He was appointed the first Civil Judge in the 
Sudan in May 1901 and Chief Judge in 1903. 
He is the author of " Annals of Eton." Un- 

STEVENS, John Alfred, of C.T., went 
on a special mission to Gazaland in 1890, 
and entered the Cape Town office of the Char- 
tered Co. as head of the correspondence dept. in 
March 1891. He acted as Secy, from Oct. 1894 
to April 1895 ; was appointed Acting Secy, at 
Cape Town in Jan. 1896, and is also Secy, to the 
Bechuanaland Railway Co. 

STEWART, Dudley Warren, after serving 
in the North-West Mounted Police, Canada, 
from July 1, 1890, joined the C.M.R. May 10, 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

1894; joined the Mashonaland Mounted Police 
Nov. 28, 1895, and transferred into the Mashona- 
land Municipal Pohce, Nov. 18, 1896, serving 
in the rebellion of that year (medal). He 
was appointed sub-inspector Aug. 21, 1898, 
and afterwards transferred into the Mata- 
beleland division. 

STEYN, Martinus Theunis, was born in 
the O.F.S. in 1857, three years after the RepubHc 
had come into existence. 

He received little systematic education 
until, at the age of twelve, he was sent to Grey 
Coll. at Bloemfontein. Later on, through the 
influence of Judge Buchanan, he went to Hol- 
land to study law, afterwards proceeding to 
London, where he was called to the Bar of the 
Inner Temple. Returning to S.A., he prac- 
tised for a few years in the Free State, became 
Attorney-Gen., and was raised to the Bench 
in 1889, where he remained until 1895 dis- 
charging his judicial functions in a careful and 
conscientious manner, and holding himself 
aloof from poUtics. In that year Mr. Reitz 
resigned the Presidency, and Mr. Steyn offered 
liimself as a candidate, defeating his opponent, 
Mr. J. G. Fraser (at that tune Chainnan of 
the Volksraad) by an overwhelming majority. 

STIGLINGH, J. H., M.L.A., was elected 
as Bond Member for Picquetberg at the general 
election in the Cape Colony, Feb. 1904. 

STOCKENSTROM, Hon. Sir Gysbert H., 
Bart., M.L.C, is senior member of the Cape 
Legislative Comicil for the North-East Province. 

STOKES, Herbert Leslie, of 59, Cadogan 
Square, S.W., The Grove, Stalham, and the 
Junior Carlton Club, was born in London, 
Feb. 8, 1853 ; was educated at King's Coll., 
and after a special training as engineer spent 
ten years (1879-89) on the West Coast of S. 
America, being connected with various engineer- 
ing works, as well as with the gold and silver 
mines of Peru and Bolivia, in wliich countiies 
he travelled extensively. In 1891 he went 
out as Manager in charge of the Mashonaland 
Agency Expedition to Rhodesia, and since then 
has been connected with that eo. and its sub- 
sidiaries. He married Miss Marie Carandini, 
Oct. 30, 1899. 

STRACHAN, Dr. William Henry Williams, 
M.L.C, C.M.G., of Lagos, W. Africa, and of 
the Junior Constitutional, W. Indian, and Corona 

Clubs, was born in 1859. He is eldest son of 
the late Col. W. H. P. Fitz M. Strachan, and 
was educated privately and at Guy's Hos., 
graduating L.R.C.P. (Lond.), M.R.C.S. (Eng.). 
He is F.L.S. and M.S.A. 

Dr. Strachan is P.M.O. of Lagos, and is a 
member of the Legislative Council of the Colony. 

STRAKOSCH, Henry, of 9, Iving St., St. 
James', was born at Hohenau, Austria, May 10, 
1871. He is the son of Ed. Strakosch, of 
Hohenau, a pioneer of the Austrian beet sugar 
industry. After a Continental banking ex- 
perience he went to S.A. as Manager of the 
African Mining and Financial Assoc. He 
joined the firm of A. Goerz & Co. in Aug. 
1896, and afterwards (Apr. 1902) became 
Managing Director of A. Goerz & Co., Ltd. 
He is also a director of many other important 
S.A. Cos., mainly gold mining. During the 
war he was a member of the Committee ap- 
pointed by the Governor to advise him on 
matters affecting the Uitlander population of 
the Transvaal. He was also a member of the 
Central Registration Committee. Mr. Strakosch 
is keen on polo, an inveterate motorist, and 
a bachelor. 

STRANGE, Laurence ; was at one time 
Mayor of Waterford, Ireland, where he had 
an extensive practice as a solicitor. He was 
appointed Public Prosecutor at I^erksdorp 
in 1902. 

STUTTAFORD, Richard, of Lidcote, Kenil- 
worth, C.T. ; of the City Club (C.T.) and 
the Rand Club (Johannesburg) ; was born in 
C.T. in 1870. He was educated at Amers- 
ham Sch., near Reading. He is Managing 
Director of Stuttaford & Co., Ltd., and a 
Director of the " Cape Times," Ltd. He 
married in 1903. 

SWANN, Alfred James, F.R.G.S., was 
born at New Shoreham, Sussex, Sept. 14, 1856. 
He is the son of John Swann, and was educated 
at a Protestant Gram. Sch., and after- 
wards in London, twice taking honom-s at 
Board of Trade examinations. The spirit of 
the traveller was aglow in him in early life, 
and there are few districts in the East of which 
lie has not some acquaintance. He first visited 
Africa in 1882, when he was specially engaged 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


by the London Missionary Soc. to assist in the 
transport from Zanzibar to Tanganyika of the 
Morning Star lifeboat. During a residence 
at Ujiji (the meeting-place of Stanley and 
Livingstone) he assisted in the survey of Tan- 
ganyika, capturing and preserving some unique 
specimens of freshwater Medusae. During the 
Arab uprising he was at Ujiji, and succeeded 
in maintaining communications by the extra- 
ordinary means of Pitman's shorthand written 
backwards with a quill pen. The claims of 
Tippoo Tib and Rumaliza (who caused the 
Belgians so much trouble on the upper reaches 
of the Congo) against Stanley were placed by 
them in Mr. Swann's hands, with the result 
that they were considerably reduced. The 
first correct report of the murder of Emin Pacha 
was brought to England by Mr. Swann, who, 
after succeeding in establishing marine com- 
munication round Tanganyika, and diverting 
a large portion of the Eastern trade to Zanzibar 
via Blantyre, visited England, conveying en 
route the Ai-ab's commmiications to Maj. Von 
Weissmann, his consultation with whom re- 
sulted in peaceful tactics with Ujiji, and conse- 
quent uninterruption of trade through German 
E.A. He later became Political Officer in 
Sir H. H. Jolinston's Administration ; suc- 
ceeded in stopping the Angoni raids in the 
N.W. District ; discovered a rich deposit of 
carbonate of lime ; tinearthed flint (up to that 
time unknown in Equatorial Africa) and a 
collection of fossil shells in excellent condition. 
In 1895 Sir H. Johnston appointed hun to the 
liistoric country of the late Sultan Jumbe, 
whose hordes of slavers formerly reigned 
supreme towards the Luapola River. Having 
discovered a system of intrigue which was 
paralyzing trade through Kota-Kota, with the 
aid of Major Edwards, he utterly routed the 
forces concentrated against him, numbering 
20,000, captured the long-wanted Saide Mwa- 
zunga, and opened up the way S. and W. towards 
the Zambesi. 

SWANZY, Francis, J.P., of Heathfield, 
Sevenoaks, Kent, and of the National Liberal 
and Gresham Clubs, was born at Kennington, 
Surrey, July 7, 1854; was educated at Rugby ; 
is J.P. for Kent, and a Director of the Wassan 
(Gold Coast) Mining Co., the Gold Coast Amal- 
gamated Mines, Ltd., the New Gold Coast Agency 
and the United Gold Coast Mining Properties. 
He married, in 1879, Mary Nina, eldest dau. 
of the late Robert Stephen Patry. 

SWEENEY, George William, of Pieter- 
maritzburg and of the Victoria Club, Pieter- 
maritzburg, is the son of Robert Sweeney, 
Prof, of Music of Pietermaritzbiirg. He was 
born at Dublin Jan. 24, 1868, and was educated 
at the College of the Sacred Heart, Limerick, 
and the Pietermaritzburg High Sch. He 
obtained the B.A. and LL.D. at the Cape of 
Good Hope Univ. He was a House Master 
at Maritzburg Coll. 1888-1895, and Clerk in 
the Attorney-Gen.'s Office at Natal, 1896- 
1900. In Feb. 1901 he was appointed Clerk 
of the Legislative Assembly at Natal. During 
this period he has acted as Secretary to the 
Law Dept. and Assistant Under-Secy., Natal. 
In 1900 he compiled a new edition of the Laws 
of Natal, after the manner of Chitty's Statutes, 
in conjunction with R. L. Hitchins. Mr. 
Sweeney is a keen football, tennis, golf, and 
cricket player. On several occasions he has 
represented Natal in the latter game, and was 
Captain of the Colonial Team against W. W. 
Read's English Eleven. He married Miss A. 
J. Chapman, dau. of J. J. Chapman, J.P. 
(three times Mayor of Pietermaritzbiu-g), in 
Sept. 1899. 

TAINTON, Clifton F., of Johannesburg, 
is well known on the Rand, where he was a 
member of the original Diggers' Committee. 
He was for many years editor of the " South 
African Mining Journal," and from that paper he 
was appointed editor of the " Comet " which rose 
from the ashes of the suppressed " Star " 
(Johannesburg). After the Raid he returned 
to England and became financial editor of 
the " African Review," of which paper he was 
appointed chief editor in 1899. He was also 
the representative of the Argus Printing and 
Publishing Co. in London. He resigned these 
appointments to join a firm of Rand financiers, 
whom he represents on the Transvaal Chamber 
of Mines. He was a member of the Commission 
appointed to inquire into the Native Labour 

TAUBMAN - GOLDIE, Right Hon. Sir 
George Dashwood, K.C.M.G., P.C, of 11, 
Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W., and of the Naval 
and Military and Athenaeum Clubs, and member 
of the Royal Yacht Squadron, was born in the 
Isle of Man May 20, 1846, his father having 
been Col. in the Scots Guards and Speaker 
of the House of Keys. He was educated at 
the R.M.A., Woolwich, passing into the Royal 
Engineers. He has travelled in Egypt, Sudan, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Morocco, Algeria, and all through the Niger 
country. He attended the Berlin Conference 
in 1884^5, but is best known as the founder 
of Nigeria, of which country he has a great 
fund of knowledge. Sir George is now a 
Director of the B.S.A. Co. He was a member 
of the Royal Commission to inquu-e into the 
preparations for the S.A. War, 1902. His 
recreations are yachting, and golf. Sir George 
married, in 1870, Matilda (who died in 1898), 
dau. of John Elliot, of Wakefield. 

TAYLOR, J. B., is son of Isaac Rowland 
Taylor, who was well known in the Cape Colony 
and Transvaal, was born in Cape Town in 1860 ; 
was educated at Hermannsburg, in Natal, and 
at an early age commenced his commercial 
career in the Kimberley office of the firm of 
E. W. Tarry & Co., Ltd., After a time he 
went into business as a diamond broker with 
his brother, W. P. Taylor. In 1882 the two 
brothers went to the Lydenburg District to 
exploit the Morgenzon Concession. Here Mr. 
J. B. Taylor obtained his first experience of 
practical mining. Two years later he went to 
the Barberton fields as a broker and as the 
representative of Wernher, Beit & Co., and 
some other Kimberley firms. In 1886 Mr. 
Taylor went to the newly-discovered Rand, 
and became a foundation member of the firm 
of H. Eckstein & Co., from which he has now 
retired. He was on the Executive Conunittee 
of the Transvaal Chamber of Mines, and diuring 
his residence in Johannesburg was Vice-Pres. 
of the Wanderers' Club, the leading S.A. athletic 
elub. He was a Steward of the Johannesbiu'g 
Turf Club, a crack shot with either gnn or rifle, 
and he served through the Griqua War of 1876 
He married, in 1891, Miss Gordon, of Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal. 

TEMPLER, LiETJT.-CoL. J. L. B., late 7th 
Batt. King's Royal Rifles ; served for many 
years as head of the Balloon Dept. of the Army 
under the Duke of Connaught, Sir Evelyn 
Wood and Sir Redvers Buller. He took part 
in the Egyptian War of 1882, and commanded 
the balloon detachment in the Sudan Campaign 
in 1885. In the last Boer War he acted as Direc- 
tor of Steam Road Transports. He retired from 
the Army in 1892, after 32 years service. 

TENNANT, Hebcuies, of Pretoria, and of 
the Civil Service (C.T.), Pretoria, Rand, and 
Athenaeum (Johannesburg) Clubs, was bom 
at Cape Town, March 3, 1850. He is the 

eldest son of the Hon. Sir David Tennant, 
K.C.M.G., a former Speaker of the Cape 
House of Assembly, and was educated at St. 
George's Gram. Sch., Cape Town, and the 
High Sch., Edin. He is a Barrister-at-Law 
of the Inner Temple, and Advocate of the 
Supreme Courts of the Cape Colony and Trans- 
vaal. He represented the division of Caledon 
in the Cape House of Assembly, 1879-81 ; was 
Extra A.D.C. to H.E. the Governor and C.I.C. 
in 1879 ; served in the Basuto War, 1880-81 
(medal) with rank of Capt. in the Duke of 
Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles as C.S.O. 
to the G.O.C. ; was Secy, to the Chief Justice 
and Librarian of the Supreme Court of the 
Cape, 1882 ; was Asst. Registrar of the Supreme 
Court, 1884; Taxing Officer, Cape Supremo 
Court, 1884; High Sheriff (Cape), Registrar 
of Deeds, Acting Master, and Registrar of the 
Supreme Court of the Cape Colony, 1889-1901 ; 
and was transferred to the Transvaal as Secy, 
to the Law Dept. of the Govt., June 1, 1901. 
He married, Sept. 2, 1874, Mary Cathcart, dau. 
of Robert Graham. 

TE WATER, Hon. Dr. Thomas G. N., 
M.L.A., M.D., of Graaff-Reinet, C.C. ; was 
born in 1857. He is son of F. Te Water, for- 
merly M.L.A. for Graaff-Reinet for 15 years, 
and grandson of T. Muller, who represented that 
division in the first parUament of the Colony. 
He was educated at Graaff-Reinet Coll. ; 
graduated B.A. in 1875 ; studied at Cambridge 
Univ., and afterwards attended the medical 
classes at Edinburgh LTniv., where he took 
the degrees of CM. in 1879 and M.D in 1881, 
spending two years also at the Universities 
of BerUn, Vienna and Strasburg, and in walk- 
ing the London hospitals. He returned to 
Graaff-Reinet to practise, and was returned to 
the House of Assembly by a large majority 
as a member of the Afrikander party, becoming 
one of the party " whips." He joined the 
Sprigg Ministry in 1896 as Colonial Secy. It 
was admitted by the Attorney-General for Cape 
Colony that papers were in the possession 
of the Govt, and of the mihtary authorities, 
impMcating Dr. Te Water in treasonable prac- 
tises in connection with the S.A. War {refer 
Graham, Hon. T. K.). Dr. Te Water was 
seized with a paralytic stroke in the House 
of Assembly in Sept., 1902. 

THEAL, Dr. George McCall, LL.D., of 
the Queen's Univ., Kingston, Canada, and 
Litt. D. of the S.A. Univ., eldest son of Dr. 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


William Yoixng Theal, of a United Empire Loy- 
alist family, originally from Rye, in Sussex, 
that settled in Canada after the American 
Revolution, was born at St. John's, New Brims- 
wiek, April 11, 1837, and was educated at the 
Gram. Seh. in St. John's. The first fifteen 
years of his life in S.A. were spent as a teacher 
in public schools at Knysna, Dale College, in 
King Williamstown, and Lovedale Missionary 
Institution, and in journalistic work. Having 
made a close study of Bantu customs, traditions, 
folklore, etc., v/hen war broke out in 1877 he 
was requested by the Govt, to undertake a 
diplomatic duty which Sir Baxtle Frere and his 
ministers considered of great importance. 
Having succeeded in this, he was invited to 
enter the public service permanently, and did 
so. But his inclination was towards literary 
work, in which the Govt, gratified him to a 
large extent, though until 1896 he was required 
also to fill an office in the Native Affairs Dept. 
The late Mr. Rhodes, when Prime Minister, 
instructed h-im to make a collection of Portu- 
guese records and printed books upon S.A., 
which he continued under Sir Gordon Sprigg. 
Dr. Theal proceeded to Evu-ope in 1896, and 
has been engaged in this duty ever since. He has 
written a " History of South Africa," of which 
the second edition is now being pubhshed in seven 
volumes, " South Africa," in the Story of the 
Nations series, " South Africa," in the Nine- 
teenth Century series, and many smaller volumes. 
He has also edited nine volumes of Portuguese 
records, with Enghsh translations, fifteen volxomes 
of Enghsh records of the Cape Colony, tlu-ee vol- 
umes of records of Basutoland, and three volumes 
(in Dutch) of genealogical registers of old Cape 
families. These volumes have all been printed 
for the Cape Govt., and have been so minutely 
indexed as to make reference easy. Dr. Theal 
is married to Miss Stewart, of Argyllshire, 

.THERON, Thomas Philippus, M.L.A., of 
Britstown, Cape Colony, was bom at Tulbagh 
in 1839; was educated at Wellington (C.C), 
and started life as a carpenter's apprentice. 
From 1864 to 1869 he was a teacher in Rich- 
mond (C.C.) ; then became a sheep farmer ; was 
first elected member of the House of Assembly 
for Richmond in 1884, and was elected Chair- 
man of Committees in 1894. He is an ardent 
member of the Afrikander Bond, of wliich he 
is now chairman, and was last returned to the 
Cape ParUament by the Richmond electors 
in Feb., 1904. 

THOMAS, LiEXJT.-CoL. Owen, J.P., of Hen- 
bias, Rhosgoch, Anglesey, and of the Imperial 
Service Club, Piccadilly, is the son of Owen 
Thomas and Eleanor, ne'e Jones-Roberts, of 
Henblas and Peibrou, Anglesey. He was born 
Dec. 7, 1858, at Henblas, and was educated 
at Liverpool Coll. He was appointed Lieut. 
3rd Batt. Manchester Regt. in 1884, and Capt. 
3rd Batt. Royal Welsh Fusihers, 1887, and 
Maj. in 1897. He served as Maj. of the Ist 
Regt. of Brabant's Horse in S.A. from Nov. 
1899, and he raised and commanded as Lieut. - 
Col. the Prince of Wales' Light Horse, 1900 
to 1902. Col. Thomas was Chief Officer of the 
Government Life-Saving Apparatus (Cimaes, 
Anglesey), 1871-1899. He is J.P. for the 
County of Anglesey ; was High Sheriff of 
Anglesey, 1895-1896 ; is on the County Council 
of Anglesey ; was member of the late Royal 
Commission on Agriculture (Great Britain), 
1895-1898 ; President of Anglesey Agriculture 
Show, and has been awarded first prize for the 
best cultivated farm, and also for the best 
stocked farm. He was also breeder and ex- 
hibitor of the heaviest ox at the Royal Islington 
Show in 1882. He reported privately, after 
the declaration of war, on the agricultural and 
pastoral prospects of the Transvaal, and he is 
at present writing on the agricultm-al and pas- 
toral prospects of S.A. Col. Owen Thomas 
unsuccessfully contested the Oswestry Division 
of Shropshire in the agricultirral interest at the 
ParHamentary election in 1895. He married, 
Aug. 13, 1887, Frederica Wilhelmina Skelton, 
only dau. of Frederick Pershouse and Mina 
Darby, of Pen Hall, Staffordsliire, and step- 
dau. of Robt. Newton Jackson, of Blackbrooke, 

THOMAS, W^iLLiAM, M.L.A., is one of the 
Progressive representatives of the electoral 
division of Albany in the Cape House of Assem- 
bly, to which he was returned at the general 
election in 1904. 

THOMPSON, E. G., was formerly editor of 
the " Natal Witness," and joined the staff of 
the " Rand Daily Mail " in 1902. 

THOMPSON, Francis R., is son of a former 
member of the Cape Legislative Council. At 
the age of 13, moved by the spirit of adventure, 
he went up to the diamond fields, working for 
three years on the Klip-drift diggings. He 
then started farming on land which formed the 
nucleus of his Hart's River ranche. In 1878, 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

when the war broke out in the Northern Terri- 
tories, his father was brutally murdered, and 
young Thompson, after receiving a wound 
which cost him part of a rib, and very nearly 
his life, escaped in a miraculous manner to a 
neighbouring farm, which he and the owner 
defended for a couple of days and nights, until 
relieved by a contingent of the old 24th Regt. 
A few weeks later he joined Sir Chas. Warren, 
and remained with him until the expedition 
of 1878 was over, when he became, at the age 
of 20, Inspector of Natives, with power to 
settle disputes between the various chiefs. He 
served as Special Commissioner of Bechuana- 
land throughout the Stellaland and Goshen 
troubles ; again with Sir Chas. Warren when he 
tiu-ned the Boers out of Rooigrond ; and then 
on the Frontier Commission defining the Griqua- 
land West boundary. Then at Mr. Rhodes' 
request he undertoolc the organizing of the 
Compound System at Kimberley, which proved 
a wonderful success for the mines. After a 
short stay in Johannesburg, and just after he 
was appointed Protector of Natives and Govt. 
Inspector of Compoiuids, he undertook for 
Mr. Rhodes to accomplish the first step towards 
opening up the northern route by obtaining 
the concession from Lobengula which formed 
the basis of the charter. Mr. Thompson — or 
Matabele Thompson, as he came to be called 
familiarly — -remained in Bulawayo for two 
years. He then entered at Oxford, and gave 
three years to study. On his return to S.A. 
he was elected to the Cape Parliament as 
member for Georgetown, and served on the 
Rinderpest Commission. Mr. Thompson was 
married, in 1893, his father-in-law ha\'ing been 
one of the British Commissioners in the Vene- 
zuelan Arbitration in the forties. 

THOMPSON, George William, of 56, 
Gloucester Terrace, Hyde Park, London, W. ; 
of Mayfield, Essex ; and of the Savile and S.A. 
Clubs; was born at Aberdeen, March 11, 1845, 
and was educated at the Aberdeen Gram. Sch. 
and Univ. From 1870 until 1883 Mr. Thomp- 
son was in the service of the Oriental Bank 
in China, Japan and India. He founded the 
first European bank in Persia in 1887, and 
also in 1891 founded the African Banking Cor- 
poration, an important and flourishing institu- 
tion having offices in London and branches all 
over S.A. Mr. Thompson is decorated with 
the Persian Order of the Lion and the Sun. 
He married : first, in 1878. Ellen Augusta (d. 
1879), dau. of A. W. Gaderden, of Ewell Castle, 

Surrey ; second, in 1888, CiraUe Louise, dau. 
of Ed. WooUett, of Paris and Brussels. 

THORNE, Sir jW., M.L.A., of Cape Town, is 
a prominent S.A. merchant, and was elected 
Mayor of Cape Town in 1902. He now sits in 
the Cape House of Assembly as one of the Pro- 
gressive Members for tiie capital. 

THORNEYCROFT, Col. Alexander White- 
law, C.B., of the Curragh Camp, Kildare, and 
of the Naval and Military and Princes' Clubs, 
was born at Tettenhall, Jan. 19, 1859. He is 
son of the late Lieut. -Col. I. Thorneycroft, 
of Tettenhall Towers, Wolverhampton, and 
Hadley Park, Salop ; was educated at Welling- 
ton Coll., and joined the 2nd Batt. Royal Scots 
Fusiliers, Feb. 22, 1879, becoming Capt. in 
1887, Maj. in 1899, Lieut.-Gol. in 1900, and 
full Col. in 1902. He acted as D.A.A.G. in 
Natal from Sept. 16, 1899, to Oct. 16, 1899, 
when he was selected for special service until 
the end of 1901. Col. Thorneycroft has seen 
much active service in S.A., beginning with the 
operations in 1879-81, including the Zulu 
Campaign, attack and capture of Sekukuni's 
kraal (medal with clasp), and the first Trans- 
vaal campaign and siege of Pretoria. In the 
S.A. War of 1899-1902 he raised and com- 
manded that smart body of men known as 
Thorneycroft's Mounted Infantry, who ren- 
dered such a good account of themselves. He 
took part in the relief of Ladysmith, the actions 
at Colenzo, Spion Kop, Vaal Ivranz, Tugela 
Heights, Pieter's Hill and Laing's Nek. In the 
latter half of 1900 he operated in the Eastern 
Transvaal, and subsequently commanded a 
mobile column and group of cokunns in the 
Transvaal, O.R.C. and C.C. (despatches, medals 
and clasps, and C.B.). Col. Thorneycroft re- 
ceived his present appointment as A.A.G., 
7th Div. of the 3rd Army Corps, Nov. 12, 1902. 

He is fond of shooting and rackets, and 
married, on June 20, 1903, Mrs. Burrard Crozier, 
dau. of the late Major J. W. Percy, and cousin 
of Sir Mavu-ice FitzGerald, Bart., Knt. of Kerry. 

TIDSWELL, Major Edward Cecil, D.S.O., 
of the Army and Navy Club, is the son of the 
late Benjamin Kaye Tidswell. He was born 
in 1862 at Birkdale, Lancashire, and was 
educated at Harrow. Entering the 2nd Lan- 
cashire Fusiliers in 1882 he was promoted 
Capt. in 1891, and Maj. 1890. He served with 
the Nile Expedition in 1898, being present at 
the battle of Khartomn, receiving the Queen's 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


and Khedive's medals with clasp. On the 
Boer War breaking out he went to S.A., serving 
from 1899 to 1902, receiving the Queen's medal 
with five clasps, and the King's medal with 
two clasps. He was also mentioned in des- 
patches, and obtained his D.S.O. In 1903 he 
was appointed Commander of the Lagos Batt. 
West African Frontier Force. He married, in 
1902, Miss Ella Pilcher, dau. of the late Thomas 
Webb Pilcher, of Harrow and Rome. 

TOD, C. E., M.L.A., represents the electoral 
division of Griqualand East in the Progressive 
interest in the Cape House of Assembly, to 
which he was returned in 1904. 

TODD, JoiENT Spencer Brydges, C.M.G. 
(1878), of 24, Cathcart Road, S. Kensington, 
100, Victoria Street, Westminster, and the 
Royal Societies' Club, was born at Dresden, 
Aug. 28, 1840, is the youngest son of the late 
Col. Geo. Todd (3rd Dragoon Guards) by 
daughter of the late Sir Egerton Brydges, Bart., 
was educated at Blochmann's Gymnasium, 
Dresden, and at the Imperial Lyceum, W. Omer. 
He accompanied the late Rt. Hon. Sir Geo. 
Grey, K.C.B., to the Cape of Good Hope in 
1860, and entered the 01%^! service there. Served 
in the Colonial Secy's office, C.T., and in 
the C.C. and R.M.'s offices at Swellendam 
and Robertson, and again at Swellendam until 
1874, when he returned to Cape Town, where 
he successively served in the Colonial Railway 
Engineer's office, the G.P.O., and the Treasury, 
where as Secy, to a Special Commission 
he detected a deficiency of over £50,000. On 
the introduction of the Appropriation Audit 
he became Accountant in the Prime Minister's 
Dept., and subsequently acted as Accounting 
Officer thei-eof. In 1878 was sent as the Colony's 
Executive Commissioner to the Universal Ex- 
hibition in Paris, and there served on the Inter- 
national Jury. On his return to the Cape he 
served with Sir Henry White, and Messrs. 
Gordon and Lawson on a mixed Committee 
to determine the division between the Imperial 
and Colonial Govts, of the Transkei War ex- 
penditure of 1877-8. 

In 1881 he proceeded on special service to Ivim- 
berley, to adjust the accounts of the then 
recently annexed province of Griqualand West. 
This accomplished, he was there detained till 
the end of the year to act as C.C. of Kimberley 
and Provincial Registrar of Deeds, and to report 
on the state of the several Public Departments 
there. On his return to Cape To%vn he acted 

as Asst.-Comr. and Permanent Head of the 
Dept. of Crown Lands and Public Works ; and, 
on the return of the incumbent of that office, 
was retained in the Dept. as Financial Secy. 
till the end of Aug. 1882, when he was selected 
to fill the post of Secy, to the newly created 
Cape of Good Hope Agency in London. 

Mr. Todd is by Commission authorized to 
act as Agent-General in the event of the death, 
disabiUty or absence of the incumbent for the 
time being, and has very repeatedly so acted 
since 1886, notably during the late Sir Charles 
Mills' absence at the Ottawa Conference in 
1894, and after his death, from March 1895 to 
March 1896. He was one of the Cape of Good 
Hope delegates at the Universal Postal Con- 
ference, held at Washington in 1897, and be- 
tween 1879 and 1882 was French Exa,miner 
to the Cape of Good Hope Univ. He is 
author of " The Resident Magistrate at the 
Cape of Good Hope " (1882), and of a " Handy 
Guide to Laws and Regulations at the Cape 
of Good Hope," published in London in 1887. 
Mr. Todd married, March 13, 1865, Susan 
Margaret, eldest dau. of the late Baron Goert 
van-Reere-van-Oudtshoorn, some time C.C. 
and R.M. of Swellendam, and later of Stellen- 
bosch. Cape Colony. 

TREVITHICK, Frederick Harvey, 

M.I.C.E., of Cairo, and of the Isthmian (Lond.), 
Khedivial, Sporting and Turf (Cairo) Clubs, 
was born Feb. 21, 1852. He is son of Francis 
Trevithick (Cliief Slechanical Engineer of the 
L. and N.W. Railway) and of Mary Ewart, and 
grandson of Richard Trevithick, the inventor ; 
was educated at Cheltenham Coll. and received 
his early training on the G.W. Railway. In 
1883 he was appointed Chief Mechanical En- 
gineer to the Egyptian State Railways, and 
in the follo^vT^ng year was sent bj^ the Govt, 
to Russia to report on the petroleiim industry. 
In 1896 he went to India to report on the rail- 
way system there, and in 1900 he was sent to 
Canada and the U.S.A. for the same purpose. 
His reports have in each case been published. 
Mr. Tre^^thick has been decorated %^-ith the 
Orders of the Osmanieh (3rd class) and the 
Medjidieh (2nd and 3rd class). He married, 
Nov. 19, 1896, Henrietta Kate Cornford, M.D. 
Brus., L.R.C.P. Edin., L.R.C.S. Edin., L.F.P. 
and S. Glasgow, A.A. Oxford, dau. of the 
Rev. E. Cornford, M.A. 

TUCKER, Charles, of Enquabeni, near 
Harding, Natal, where he is a native labour 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

agent, was well known as a sprinter until in 
1903 he was accidentally shot in the groin so 
badly as to preclude his continuing to run. 

TURNER, Hon. George, M.L.C, J.P., 

of Fletching, Sussex ; Arundel, Sussex ; Warley, 
Common, HigMands, Natal ; and of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, and Victoria Club, Maritz- 
biu-g ; was born at Fletching, July 29, 1 834 ; 
was educated at Christ's Hospital and at Dr. 
Butler's Sch., Brighton. He married, Feb. 
15, 1866, Harriette Julia, yovmger dau. of Rev. 
Chas. W. Stocker, D.D., of Draycott Rectory, 
near Cheadle, Staffs. 

TURNER, Db. Geobge Albert, is the son 
of Dr. G. Turner, Principal Medical Officer of 
Health for the Transvaal, was for a short time 
acting Medical Officer of Health at Johannes- 
burg. He was appointed Additional District 
Surgeon and Additional Port Health Officer 
for Cape Town in 1902. 

TWEEDY, Edward Hebbebt, L.R. C.P.I. , 
L.R.C.S.I., and L.M. Rotunda Hospital ; S.M.O. 
of the Gold Coast Colony ; of the Rotunda 
Hospital, Dublin ; and of the Friendly Brothers 
and Sports Club, was born at Dublin in 1 886 ; 
is the yoimgest son of John Johnston Tweedy, 
soHcitor, of Dublin ; was educated at Wesley 
Coll., Dublin, and the Carmichael Sch. of 
Medicine. After serving from 1892 to 1896 
as surgeon ixnder the Cunard SS. Co., he became 
House Surgeon at St. Mark's Ophthalmic Hos- 
pital in 1896 ; joined the W. African Medical 
Service in 1897, and served with Lieut.-Col. 
Northcott in the Northern Territories, being 
mentioned in despatches and receiving the 
medal and clasp. He was also present dm'ing 
the siege of Kmnasi in 1901 (despatches, medal 
and clasp). Unmarried. 

VALDEZ, Joachim Tbavassos ; has had 
a distinguished record as a diplomat, especially 
as Portuguese Consul at Shanghai. He suc- 
ceeded Senhor Cinatti as Consul-General for 
Portugal in the Transvaal in 1902. 

'' VAN CAMPEN, C.u>t., joined Bethune's 
Mounted Infantry as a trooper, and went all 
through the Boer War with that regt, having 
reached the rank of Capt. on its disband- 
ment. He was appointed Supt. of the Repa- 
triation Department at Middleburg in 1902. 

VAN DEN HEEVER, Hon. D. P., of Karee- 

fontein, Venterstad, C.C, was born in 1838. 
He was for over ten years member of the Divi- 
sional Council, was until recently a member of 
the Cape Legislative Council for the North-East 
Circle, and was leader of the Anti-Scab Act 
agitation in 1895. 

VAN DER MERWE, Fbanz Johannes, 
M.L.A., represents the electoral division of 
Clanwilham in the Cape Parliament, to which 
he was last re-elected in 1904. He is a member 
of the Afrikander Bond. 

VAN EEDEN, Hon. Frederick Jacobus, 
was bom in the Swellendam Division in 1846, 
and is a successful agriculturist and stock- 
farmer, owning nearly 30,000 morgen. He 
was a member of the Cape Legislative Assembly 
in 1887-8 for Swellendam, and from 1891 
xintil recently sat in the Legislative Council 
as member for the South- West Circle. He is 
an elder of the D.R. Church, and member of 
the Divisional Council. 

VANES, Db. Arthur Bayley, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Uitenhage, for wliich electoral division he 
was last returned in Feb., 1904. He supports 
the Progressive party. 

VAN HEERDEN, Hebcules Christian, 
M.L.A., of Tarkastad, C.C, is a promi- 
nent and progressive farmer in the Eastern 
Province. He has been for many years a 
representative for Cradock in the Cape Legis- 
lative Assembly, to wMch he was last returned 
in 1904. He supports the Bond party, but 
preserves a moderate and concihatory attitude. 

VAN LAUN, Henry Theodore, of 5, 
Ladbroke Gardens, W., and 1, St. Helen's 
Place, London, E.C., and of the Hurlingham 
and St. Stephen's Clubs, Govt, contractor, 
merchant, and financier, is son of the famous 
grammarian, and was himself educated at 
Cheltenham and Edinburgh, and is a scholar 
of no small attainments. He is considerably 
interested in S. African enterprises, being a 
Director of the Beira Railway, Beira Junction 
Railway, the Montrose Diamond Mining Co. 
(Chairman), the Eurafrican Co., Montrose 
G.M. and Exploration Co., Sterkfontein Gold 
Estates (Chairman), etc. He is a keen Con- 
servative pohtician, a protectionist, and recently 
issued, with Mr. W. H. Wills, a pamphlet on the 
S.A. Labour problem. He has been invited to 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


contest the constituency of Saffron Walden at 
the next parliamentary election. 

VAN RHYN, Hon. P. B., of Van Rhyns- 
dorp, ClanwiUiam, CO., was born in 1827 ; 
was field-comet in 1848 ; was elected to the Cape 
House of Assembly for ClanwiUiam in 1868, 
and was a member of the Legislative Council 
for the North-West Circle from 1884 until 
recently. He is an elder of the D.R. Church. 

VAN ZYL, C. H., M.L.C., formerly Law 
Lecturer at the S. African Coll., is the com- 
piler of a standard work of reference to the 
S. African legal profession, " The Theory of the 
Judicial Practice of the Colony of the Cape of 
Good Hope and of South Africa General^." 
At the election in 1904 Mr. Van Zyl was elected 
to the Legislative CoLincil as Bond representa- 
tive of the South-Westem Circle. 

VAN ZYL, DiBK Jacobus Albebtus, M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
ClanwiUiam, for which electorate he was last 
returned in 1904 in the Bond interest. 

VAN ZYL, I. J., M.L.C., is one of the Bond 
representatives of the North- Western Circle in 
the Cape Legislative Council, to which he was 
elected at the general election in 1904. 

VENTER, M. M., M.L.A., represents the 
electoral division of Colesburg in the Cape 
House of Assemby, to which he was returned 
in Feb. 1904 as a supporter of the Bond. 

VILJOEN, Db. Anthony Gysbkbt, M.B., 
M.L.A., formerly sat in the Cape Legislative 
Council as member for the South-Western 
Circle. At the general election in 1904 he was 
returned to the Lower House as Bond member 
for Caledon. 

VTNTCENT, Joseph, B.A., LL.B. (Camb.), 
Senior Judge of the High Court of Southern 
Rhodesia ; of Bulawayo, and of the Civil Service 
(C.T.), and Bulawayo Clubs, is the eldest 
son of the late L. A. Vintcent, M.L.A. (C.C). 
He was born Nov. 12, 1861, at Mossel Bay, 
C.C, and was educated at the Diocesan Coll., 
Rondebosch (C.T.), at Charterhouse (Eng- 
land), and at Cambridge Univ. Mr. Vint- 
cent was called to the Bar, Middle Temple, 
Jan. 1885, and was admitted Advocate of 
Supreme Court of C.C. in March in the same 
year He was appointed Crown Prosecutor 

for the Crown Colony of British Bechuanaland 
March 1886, and held that office till Jime 1894. 
In Jan. 1892 he was appointed Crown Prosecutor 
for the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which 
office he held in conjunction with the Crown 
Prosecutorship of British Bechuanaland. In 
Jan. 1893 he was appointed a member of the 
Concession Commission for the Bechuanaland 
Protectorate. In 1894 he was appointed Judge 
of the High Court of Matabeleland, and was 
President of the Land Commission appointed 
imder the Matabeleland Order in Coimcil, 1894 ; 
and was a member of the Coiincil under such 
Order. He acted as Administrator to Southern 
Rhodesia from Nov. 1895 to Nov. 1896. In 
Dec. 1898 he was appointed Senior Judge of 
the High Court of Southern Rhodesia. He 
was nominated a member of the Legislative 
Council of Southern Rhodesia in 1899-1900. 
He was a member of the Old Carthusian Foot- 
ball team which won the Association Challenge 
Cup in the season of 1880-1881, and was in the 
Camb. Univ. Football Assoc. XL in the season 
of 1882-3. He married, Oct. 14, 1891, Hester 
Elizabeth, second dau. of the late Henry My- 
burgh, of Wynberg, Cape Town. 

VISSER, A. G., M.L.A., represents the 
electoral division of Victoria West in the Cape 
House of Assembly, to which he was returned at 
the general election in 1904. He is a member 
of the S.A. party. 

VLOK, Rev., Pastor of the Dutch Reformed 
Church at Picquetburg, C.C. He tried to keep 
his people loyal during the Boer War (1899-02), 
and took his turn in the trenches when his 
town was attacked. His loyalty brought upon 
him the displeasure of his congregation. H© 
was boycotted by his brethren of the D.R.C., 
and was compelled to give up his ministry, 
after twenty-one years' service, on a pension 
(Nov. 1902). 

VON HESSERT, Kabl Fbiedbich, of 64, 
Heerdweg, Darmstadt, Germany, and of the 
Rand and Turf Clubs (Johannesburg) ; is son of 
Lieut. -Col. von Hessert of Darmstadt, where he 
was bom Oct. 26, 1855, and educated. He 
went to S.A. in the service of the French D.M. 
Co., late in 1880, and took over the management 
of part of that Co.'s works imtil 1889, when the 
property was absorbed by the De Beers group. 
Mr. von Hessert then proceeded to Johannes- 
burg ; took an active part in the development of 
the Witwatersrand fields, and w«is for many 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

years a Director of the Crown Reef, Champ 
d'Or, Ferreira, Geldenhuis Estate, Main Reef, 
New Modderfontein, Wemmer, Wolhiiter, 
Bantjes, Driefontein, and Village G.M. Cos., 
and of the Transvaal Coal Trust, City and 
Suburban Trams, the Alexander Estate, and 
several other less important concerns. He 
retired from active business in 1902, and has 
since settled in Darmstadt. During a visit to 
Europe Mr. Von Hessert took part in the 
Bulgarian-Servian War, and received for his 
services then rendered the Order of St. Alexan- 
der and the Bulgarian war medal. He married, 
Nov. 9, 1895, Victoria, dau. of Col. Adolf von 
Herff, of Darmstadt. 

VON RICHTOFEN, Baron, LL.D., of Berlin, 
was born at Jassy, Roumania, in 1847, and 
saw a good deal of the world as a child, his 
father having been a diplomatist. He served 
in the German-Austrian and Franco-German 
wars ; was in the Imperial Civil Service in 
Alsace-Lorraine from 1871 to 1876 ; went into 
the Foreign Office in the latter year, and in 
1885 was sent to Cairo as first German member 
of the Caisse de la Dette, assisting not a little 
in bringing about the present excellent state of 
Egyptian finances. In 1887 he was in Con- 
stantinople while Sir H. Drummond Wolff was 
carrying on his negotiations with Ti.u"key. In 
1889 he and Sir E. Vincent made the necessary 
preparations for the conversion of the Egyptian 
Preference Loan, and at the request of the 
Egyptian Govt, he led the expedition of 1891 
with a view to the construction of a railway 
from the Nile to the Red Sea. During his 
12 years' stay in Egypt he greatly assisted his 
countrymen in the fitting out of their exploring 
expedition. In 1896 he succeeded Dr. Kayser 
as head of the German Colonial Council at 
Berlin, and was Under Secy, of State for 
Foreign Affairs from 1897 to 1900. 

VOSLOO, A., M.L.A., represents the electoral 
division of Somerset East in the Cape House of 
Assembly, to which he was elected in the Bond 
interest in 1904. 

WALKER, Major William George, V.C, 
4th Goorkha Rifles, of the East India United 
Service Club, is the son of Depy.- Surgeon William 
Walker, LL.D. and Hon. Physician to the 
Queen. He was born at Naini Tal, India, 
May 29, 1863, and was educated at Haileybury, 
St. John's Coll., where he graduated M.A., and 
at Sandhm-st. In 1885 he joined the Suffolk 

Regt. in India, and in May 1887 he trans- 
ferred to the 4th Goorkhas. He was in 1891 
with the Miramyai Expedition, receiving the 
medal with clasp. He was also with the 1895 
Waziristan Expedition, receiving the clasp. 

In Aug. 1896 he received his Captaincy. In 
1898 to 1903 he seconded with Imperial Service 
Troop, and in Jan. of the later year joined the 
Somaliland Field Force, being granted, in Aug. 
1903, the Victoria Cross, the coveted Cross also 
going to Capt. Rolland (q.v.), Indian Army. 
The story of their heroism is told as follows : — 

" Dvu"ing the return of Major Govigh's column 
to Danop on April 22, 1903, after the action at 
Daratoleh, the rear-guard got considerably in 
rear of the column, owing to the thick bush, 
and to having to hold their groimd while 
wounded men were being placed on camels. 
At this time Captain Bruce was shot through 
the body from a distance of about twenty 
yards, and fell on the path unable to move. 
Captains Walker and Rolland, two men of the 
2nd Batt. King's African Rifles, one Sikh, 
and one Somali of the Camel Corps, were with 
him when he fell. In the meantime the column, 
being rmaware of what had happened, were 
getting further away. Captain Rolland then 
ran back some 500 yards and returned with 
assistance to bring off Captam Bruce, while 
Captain Walker and the men remained with that 
officer, endeavouring to keep off the enemy, 
who were all round in the thick bush. This 
they succeeded in doing, though not before 
Captain Bruce was hit a second time, and the 
Sikh wounded. But for the gallant conduct 
displayed by these officers and men. Captain 
Bruce must have fallen into the hands of the 

WALLACE, B., of the W^anderers' Club, 
Johannesburg, played in the Cricket XI. for 
London County several times during 1903, and 
is generally considered to be nearly the equal 
of E. A. Halliwell (q.v.) behind the wickets. He 
accompanied the South African XL to Eng- 
land in 1904. 

WALTON, Edgar Harris, M.L.A., of Port 
Elizabeth, C.C., is son of the Rev. J. M. 
Walton, M.A., formerly Pres. of the Wesleyan 
Conference for Great Britain and S. Africa, and 
is brother of the eminent K.C., Mr. Lawson 
Walton. He went out to the Cape in the late 
seventies, and became associated with the firm 
of Richards, Glanville & Co. He has been long 
identified with Port Elizabeth, and has repre- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


sented that constituency in the House of 
Assembly since 1898, having been re-elected in 
Feb. 1904. Originally opposed to Mr. Cecil 
Rhodes' alliance with the Bond, he became 
reconciled with him after the rupture following 
on the Jameson raid. He became Treasiu-er- 
Gen. in Dr. Jameson's first Ministry (Feb. 
1904). Mr. Walton is the proprietor and editor 
of the " Eastern Province Herald " of Port 

WARD, Rev. Algernon, M.A., of 33, Rue 
Cherif Pacha, Alexandria, Egypt, and The 
Limes, Hagworthingham, Lines., was born in 
1868. He is only son of Rev. Rob. Ward, 
B.A. ; was educated at the Clergy Sch., Camb., 
and Cambridge Univ. He played in the Uni- 
versity La Crosse team, 1888-1890 ; and was 
Scholar, Sizar, Divinity Prizeman, and Sub- 
Librarian of Gorpiis Christi Coll., Camb., 1887- 
1890. Subsequently he was Curate of St. 
Michael's, Coventry ; Senior Curate of St. 
Augustine's, Edgbaston ; Sub- Warden, Tutor, 
and Divinity Lecturer of Queen's Coll., Bir- 
mingham, and Chaplain of St. Mark's, Alexan- 
dria. He is author of " Guide to the Study of 
the Book of Common Prayer," " Psalmi Pceni- 
tentiales," and has contributed various articles 
in theological papers. He married, Nov. 10, 
1896, Ehzabeth Mary, eldest dau. of David 
Waters, merchant and artist, of Coventry. 

WARE, Fabian Arthur Goulstone, M.L.C, 
of Pretoria,is the sixth son of Charles and Amy 
Carew Ware (nee Goulstone). He was born at 
Clifton, Bristol, 1869, and after being edvicated 
privately, proceeded to the Univ. of Paris, 
where he graduated Bachelier-des-Sciences 
(Paris). From 1889-99 he was Asst.-Master 
in Secondary Schools (Bradford Gram. Sch. 
1895-1899). From 1900-1901 he was a repre- 
sentative of the Education Committee of the 
British Royal Commission at the Paris Exhibi- 
tion. He has been Occasional Inspector of 
Secondary Schools to the Board of Education in 
England, and Occasional Examiner to the Civil 
Service Commission in England. In June 1901 
he joined the staff of the Transvaal Educational 
Department ; became Asst. Director of Edu- 
cation in Sept. 1901, and from Jan. to Jime 
1903 he was acting Director of Education for the 
Transvaal and O.R.C. In May 1903 he was 
appointed Member of the Transvaal Legislative 
Council, and Director of Education, Transvaal, 
in July 1903. Mr. Ware has written many 
works on education. These include a trans- 

lation of " The New Testament " (Pere 
Hyacinthe), 1898 ; " Teaching of Modern 
Languages in Prussia," and " Training of 
Modern Language Teachers in Prussia." He 
has also written a number of special reports of 
the Board of Education, England ; a work on 
" Educational Reform : the Past of the Board 
of Education " (Methuen & Co., 1900). He is 
the author of " Educational Foundations of 
Trade and Industry" (Harper Bros., 1901), and 
during 1900 and 1901 wrote a nximber of leading 
articles in the " jMorning Post." In 1895 he 
married Anna Margaret, elder dau. of E. W. 
Phibbs, of Clifton. 

WARREN, Lieut.-Gen. Sir Charles, R.E., 
G.C.M.G., K.C.B., Knight of Grace of the Order 
of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem ; of 
the Athenaeum and United Service Clubs ; is 
the son of Major-Gen. Sir Charles Warren, 
K.C.B., Col. of the 96th Regiment. He was 
born Feb. 7, 1840, at Bangor, N. "Wales ; was 
edixcated at Bridgnorth Gram. Sch., Chel- 
tenham Coll., Royal Military Coll., Sand- 
hurst, and the Royal Military Acad., Wool- 
wich, and passed into the Royal Engineers in 
1857. He conducted excavations at Jerusalem 
and reconnaissance work in Palestine, 1867 to 
1870 ; and began his long career of usefulness 
in S.A. as Special Commissioner on the 
Griqualand West and O.F.S. Boundary Com- 
mission in 1876-7. He was also Special 
Commissioner in connection with the land 
question of Griqualand West in 1877. He 
commanded the Diamond Fields Horse in the 
Transkei War of 1878 (brevet Lieut.-Col.) ; 
was Chief of Staff during the Griqualand West 
Rebellion in 1878 ; and commanded the Field 
Force against the Bechuanas and Korannas in 
1878-79. He was appointed Administrator of 
Griqualand West in 1879, and went to Chatham 
in the same year as Instructor in Sm^veying, 
S.M.E. In 1882 he was employed under the 
Admiralty in the desert of Arabia Petrtea to 
secure the murderers of Professor Palmer 
(K.C.M.G.), and he commanded the Bechuana- 
land Expedition with the rank of Major-Gen. 
in 1884-5. Sir Chas. Warren unsuccessfully 
contested a Parliamentary seat in the Liberal 
interest in 1885. He was in command of the 
troops at Suakin with rank of Major-Gen. 
and Governor-Gen. of the Red Sea Lit- 
toral in 1886 ; was Commissioner of Metropoh- 
tan Police from 1886-89 ; commanded the 
troops in the Straits Settlements from 1889-96 ; 
and had command of the Thames District, 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

1895-8. In the recent S.A. War he com- 
manded the 5th Division, taking part in the 
ReUef of Ladysmith, 1899-1900, and in the 
latter year he once more went to Griqualand 
West as MiUtary Governor. 

Sir Charles is the author of " Orientation of 
Ancient Temples," " The Temple and the Tomb," 
" Underground Jerusalem," " On the Veldt in 
the Seventies," and " The Ancient Cubit and 
Our Weights and Measures." He married, 
Sept. 1, 1864, Fanny Margaretta, dau. of Samuel 
Haydon, of Millmead, Guildford. 

WATKEYS, William David Eustace, of 
Bloemfontein, and of the Bloemfontein Club, 
was bom at Brecon, S. Wales, July 18, 1871 ; 
was educated at St. Andrew's Coll., Grahams- 
town and at Grey CoU., Bloemfontein, where he 
follows the profession of law. 

WEARIN, E. M., of the Green Point and 
Sea Point Swimming Clubs, C.T., holds the 
500 and 200 yards South African Swimming 
Championship, his times in the 1903 contests 
being 7 min. 24^ sec. for the former, and 2 min. 
58f sec. for the latter. He also held the champion- 
ship over these two distances in 1902. 

WEBB, Clement Davies, of Johannesburg, 
and the Rand Club, was born in King Williams- 
Town. He is son of Frederick C. Webb, a 
farmer, who settled in S.A. in 1820. He v/as 
educated at the Diocesan Coll. Rondeboseh, and 
served in the native wars of 1879 and 1880. 
Clem Webb, as ho is popularly called, has resided 
most of his life in Queenstown, C.C, where 
he was linown as an athlete, gjTnnast and boxer. 
Between the years 1880-1885 he won a number 
of trophies for these sports, and was Capt. of the 
Swifts Football Club (Queenstown) for two 
years — a club which won every match in 1885 
and 1887. He was one of the original committee 
of the long famous Wanderers' Sporting Club 
in Johannesburg, and for two years he won 
the heavy-weight amateur boxing competition, 
and was never once beaten. Short sight, however, 
compelled him to give up this form of sport. 

Mr. Webb was sent by the Cape Govt, as one 
of the representatives of the Cape Com-t to the 
Colonial and Indian Exhibition in 1886 (held 
in London). The discovery of goldfields at 
Johannesburg so attracted him that he returned 
to S.A., and shortly afterwards took up liis 
residence in Johannesburg. After the Jameson 
Raid and during the imprisonment of the 
Reformers, Mr. Webb and a few others formed a 

secret society, which afterwards developed itself 
into a branch of the S.A. League. Mr. Webb 
was the first President, and became a marked 
man in the Transvaal. He was arrested by the 
Boers early in 1899, with the late Major Tom 
Dodd, for having organized a meeting for the 
purpose of presenting a petition to the British 
Vice-Consul on the subject of the murder of Edgar 
by a Boer policeman ; and was tried for high 
treason against the S.A.R. (see Koch, Advocate). 
Up to the time of the late S.A. War he took a 
keen interest in pohtical affairs ; spoke at most 
of the League meetings, and proved himself a 
good organizer. On the outbreak of the S.A. 
War he joined the I.L.H. as Lieut, in " F," 
squad, and was amongst the besieged in Lady- 
smith. He was then promoted to the conmiand 
of " B " squad, and went with the regt. to the 
reUef of Mafeking ; was taken ill with typhoid 
and pneiunonia, and afterwards detached by 
Lord Roberts for special duty in Johannesburg, 
where he was for some time senior officer of the 
mounted battn. of the Rand Rifles. Mr. Webb 
has now retired from taking any active part in 
poHtics or pubUc affairs. He has started a weekly 
paper, called " South African Mines," which is a 
resurrection of the old " South African Mining 
Journal," and devotes himself entirely to the 
interests of this paper and the practice of his 
profession of Sohcitor and Notary Public. He 
married a Colonial lady in May, 1890. 

WEBB, Harry Howard, Ph.B., M.Inst.C.E., 
M.I.M.M., M.A.I.M.E., of Johannesburg, of 
the Rand and New Clubs, Johannesburg, and 
of the University Club, San Francisco, was 
born at 'Frisco, Cal., Aug. 15, 1853. He is son of 
Christopher C. Webb, of Cal., whose ancestors 
settled in America from England in 1702. He 
was educated at the Univ. of California, at 
the Royal Sch. of Mines, London, and at the 
Royal Saxon Sch. of Mines, Vreiberg, Saxony. 
He went to S.A. in 1895 as Consulting Mining 
Engineer to several groups of Rhodesian Cos. 
In 1896 he succeeeded John Hays Hammond 
(then on trial in Pretoria) as Consulting Engi- 
neer to the Cos. of the ConsoUdated Gold Fields. 
Mr. Webb Ls Past Pres. of the S.A. Association 
of Engineers. He married, Mch. 9 1887, Miss 
Virginia Martin. 

WEEBER, Pieter Jacobus, M.L.A., is 
member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Beaufort West, for which electoral division he 
was last re-elected in 1904. He is a member of 
the Bond. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


WEIL, Samuel, J.P., of 3, Kensington 
Garden Terrace, Bayswater, and of the Imperial 
Service Club, was born in London in 1862 ; was 
educated privately, and went out to S.A. when 
quite young. He settled in Beehuanaland 
after the close of the Beehuanaland Expedition, 
1885, joined the firm of Julius Weil, and 
assisted in the opening up of the trade route to the 
North by the establishment of stores and trans- 
port. He was appointed J.P. in 1896. He took 
part in the Matabele War of 1 893, and organized 
the transport ; carried despatches from Inkwesi, 
narrowly escaping capture by the enemy, and was 
reported killed. On the outbreak of rinderpest 
in 1896, which put an end to the transport 
machinery upon which the entire country north 
of Mafeking depended for their food supplies, 
with his firm he organized mule transport service, 
thereby saving the coimtry from famine. He 
took part in the Matabele Rebellion in 1896, and 
organized the transport and food supplies in 
the face of great difficulties; organized the 
whole of the transport service outside of Natal 
in the late Boer War, 1899-1901 ; given the rank 
of Major on Col. Mahon's staff, took part in 
the relief of Mafeking, and was mentioned in 
Lord Roberts' despatches. 

WEINTHAL, Leo, F.R.G.S., of the Aspens, 
Stinbury-on-Thames, and 34, Copthall Avenvie, 
E.C., Managing Director of " The African World 
and Cape-Cairo Express," and London Cable 
Correspondent of the " Rand Daily Mail," 
was born at Graaff-Reinet, C.C, in 1865. 
He was educated at Hamburg, and started 
business for himself in 1884 at Port Elizabeth. 
Proceeding to the Transvaal in 1887, he estab- 
lished a State lithographic department for the 
Govt., and was for years General Manager 
for Mr. J. B. Robinson's Transvaal newspapers 
and representative of the interests of his group 
at Pretoria. He was Reuter's agent at Pretoria 
from 1888 to 1897, and acted at various times 
as Special Correspondent for the " Times " and 
" Daily Telegraph." During the Anglo-Boer 
War Mr.Weinthal was Special War Correspondent 
for Laft'an's News Bureau, the " New York Sim " 
and the " Chicago Record." After the British 
occupation he left for Europe and spent some 
time on the East Coast of Africa, in order to write 
and compile a popular English handbook for the 
German Line, entitled " Round Africa by the 
D. O. A. Line," which had a good reception. On 
his retiu*n to Europe he decided to remain in 
England, and started in 1902 " The African 
World," the only London weekly dealing with 

contemporary developments in all parts of th© 
Dark Continent. He is a member of the African 
Society, and an ardent amateiu- photographer. 

WELDON, Horace, M.L.C, of Oaklands, 
Johannesburg, and of the Rand and Pretoria 
Clubs, was born at Camb., Eng., July 1, 1867, is 
son of the late Rev. Geo. W. Weldon, Vicar of 
Bickley, Kent. He was edvicated in Switzerland, 
King's Coll., London, and the Royal Sch. of 
Mines, London. He proceeded to the Transvaal 
in 1893 ; was Manager of the Consol. Main Reef, 
Van Ryn, and George Goch Mines ; he then 
managed theRietfontein" A." and theNewRiet- 
fontein Estate Cos. until his appointment as 
Transvaal Govt. Mining Engineer, Apr. 12, 1901, 
with a seat in the Legislative Council. He 
served throughoiit the Natal Campaign in the 
Field Force Intelligence under Col. Sandbach. 
Mr. Weldon is unmarried. 

WENTZEL, Charles Augustus, Chief Magis- 
trate of Johannesburg and the Witwatersrand 
District ; of Charlton Terrace, Johannesbiu'g, 
and the Rand and Athenaeum Clubs (Johannes- 
burg), was born Jan. 29, 1866 and was educated 
at the S.A. Coll., C.T., and took the Advo- 
cates' Degree (Law) with Honours in 1903 
(Transvaal). He practised as Prof, of Law first 
in C.C. and subsequently in Johannesburg from 
1889 to the outbreak of war. On the occupation 
of Johannesbin'g by Lord Roberts he was ap- 
pointed a member of the Judicial Investigation 
Committee. From July 1900 to March 1901 he 
was Legal Adviser to the Military Governor of 
Pretoria (Gen. Sir John Grenfell Maxwell) and 
Acting Legal Adviser to the Commander-in- 
Chief during part of that time, in the absence of 
Mr. (now Justice) Wessels. In April 1901, upon 
the abolition of Military Courts, he was appointed 
the first Resident Magistrate of Johannesburg. 
He was senior member of the Special Criminal 
Court, which sat at Johannesburg from April 
1901 to March 1903, when trial by judge and jury 
was resxmied. This coiu?t had plenary powers 
over all offences in the S. E. portion of the Trans- 
vaal. He married, in Feb. 13, 1895, and has two 
cliildren. His recreations are goK and lawn 

WESSELS, Johannes Wilhelbius, Second 
Puisne Judge of the Supreme Covu-t of the Trans- 
vaal ; of Pretoria, and of the Pretoria, Rand, and 
Civil Service Clubs ; is son of J. E. Wessels, of 
Green Point, C.T. He was born at Cape Town, 
Mch. 7, 1862, and was educated at the S.A. Coll. ; 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

at the Cape of Good Hope Univ., where he 
took B.A. and was a Jamieson Scholar ; and at 
Downing Coll., Camb., where he gradviatedB.A., 
LL.B. (Tripos and George Long Scholar). He 
was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 

1886, and returning to the Cape, practised as an 
Advocate at the Cape Bar, and afterwards, in 

1887, joined the Transvaal Bar. He defended 
the Reform prisoners (together with Sir Richard 
Solomon (q.v.) in 1896. In 1900 he became 
Legal Ad\'iser to Lord Ivitchener, and he received 
his present appointment in 1902. He married 
Helen Mary, dau. of Benjamin Duff, I.S.O. 

WHITAKER, George, M.L.A., is one of the 
new members for King Williamstown in the Cape 
House of Assembly, to which he was elected in 
the Progressive interest in 1904. 

WHITE, Capt. Hon. Charles James, of the 
Naval and Military Club, is the third son of Lord 
Annaly, K.P. He was born June 14, 1860, at 
Rabeny, co. Dublin, and was educated at Eton. 
He joined the Royal Fusiliers 1881, and served 
at home and in India till 1 890, when he proceeded 
to S.A., and was appointed to the B.S.A. Co.'s 
Police with several Extra Service Officers, at the 
time when Col. Ferreira and a commando of 
Boers attempted to cross the Limpopo and occupy 
Banjailand. From this they were dissuaded by 
Dr. Jameson. From 1891 to Jan., 1892, he was 
in command of the Depot and Remounts at Tuh, 
Mashonaland. On the reduction of the Police 
Force, he was appointed Asst. Mining Commis- 
sioner and then Mining Commissioner at Hartley 
Hill. He also served as Resident Magistrate and 
Chief Commissioner of Pohce, retaining the latter 
appointment from Nov. 1892 to Sept. 1895. 
He re-organized the police from their former 
military position into a civil body. Capt. White 
took part in the expedition to Matabeleland in 
1893. He was in command of the combined 
scouts of the Victoria and Salisbviry Columns, 
and was present in all actions until the occupa- 
tion of Bulawayo (medal and clasp). He retired 
from the regular army in 1894. He took part 
in the suppression of the Matabele Rebellion 
first as Staff Officer to Col. Spreckley, C.M.G., 
and then in command of White's Flying Column 
at the reliefs of Salisbury, Hartley Hill, and 
Enkeldoorn (medal and clasp). Since 1895 Capt. 
White has been connected with several business 
undertakings in Rhodesia. He married, Dec. 11, 
1901, Evelyn, dau. of F. B. Bulkeley Johnson. 

WHITE, Major Hon. Robert, of 16, Stratton 

St., Piccadilly, and of the Turf, Travellers', Naval 
and Mihtary, Bachelors', and Pratt's Clubs, is 
the son of Luke, Baron Annaly. He was born 
Oct. 26, 1861, at Kirkmichael, Dumfriesshire 
and was educated at Eton and Trinity Coll., 
Camb. In 1882 he joined the Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers, and served in the Nile Campaign, re- 
ceiving the Egyptian medal (1884-5) and the 
Khedive's star. He was on the Staff of the 
Cork Dist. 1886-89 ; on the Staff of the York 
Dist. 1890-91, and attended the Staff Coll. 
1891-92. He was appointed on the Staff in 
Rhodesia and was one of the British officers who 
took part in the Jameson Raid, and for tins he 
was imprisoned in Hollo way for seven months 
in 1896-97. He served with the 6th Div. in S.A. 
in 1900, and was present at the battles of Paarde- 
burg and Di'iefontein, at the relief of Kimberley, 
and at Diamond Hill. He was promoted Maj. 
by Lord Roberts and gazetted in 1901. Un- 

WIENER, LuDWiG, of the Retreat, Newlands, 
near Cape Town ; of the City Club (C.T.) and of 
the National Liberal Club, comes from a long- 
lived stock on his mother's side, she having hved 
to the age of ninety-four years. He was born 
in Berlin in 1838 and emigrated to America in 
1850. He was educated in Berlin and New York. 
He left America for S.A. in 1855, and for fifteen 
years he was in business at Tulbagh and Ceres. 
Proceeding to C.T. in 1870, he became a partner 
of Van der Byl & Co., and retired from the firm 
as senior partner Dec. 31, 1895. In 1899 he 
started a new business as general merchants under 
the style andfii'mof Wiener & Co., Ltd., of which 
coy. he was appointed chairman for life. For 
fifteen years he represented C.T. in the House 
of Assembly, and during this time always fought 
for cheap food and dear brandy. He was 
Commissioner for the C.C. at the Chicago 
World's Fair in 1893. For many years he has 
been Chairman of the Table Bay Harbour Board, 
and for a considerable time Pres. of the Chanaber 
of Commerce at C.T. He was also formerly 
Pres. of the Associated Chambers of Commerce 
of S.A. He is the Chairman of the Colonial 
Mutual Life Assin-ance and the Manchester 
Assurance Co. Among other philanthropic 
works he has been Pres. of the Somerset Hospital. 
In 1858 he married Miss Barker, niece of M. M. 
Tate, of Cape Town. 

WILLIAMS, George Blackstone, J. P., of 
Wynberg, C.C, was born in Dorset June 22. 1856 ; 
is second son of the late Rev. H. B. Williams, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Rector of Bradford Peverell, Dorset ; Fellow 
of Winchester Coll., and Hon. Canon of Salisbury- 
Cathedral. He was educated at Marlborough 
Coll. He entered the Cape Civil Service in 1879 ; 
was Asst. R.M. at Kimberley, 1882 ; at C.T. 
1895, and was appointed R.M. at Wynberg in 

1902. He married. Mar. 10, 1885, Elizabeth 
Mary, eldest dau. of the late Nathaniel Cock, of 
Kimberley, and grand-dau. of the Hon. Wm. 
Cock, M.L.C. 

WILLIAMS, H. Sylvester, is a native of 
Bermuda, and a member of Gray's Inn. In Oct. , 

1903, he was admitted to practise at the Supreme 
Court of the Transvaal, of which he is the first 
and only eoloiired member. 

WILLIAMS, John Richajid, M.I.M.M., 
M.Am. I.M.E. ; of Park Lane, Parktown, 
Johannesburg (Box 149), and of the New Club, 
Johannesbiu-g ; was born at Anglesea, N. Wales, 
Nov. 24, 18G2. He is eldest son of James 
Michell Williams, of Gwenep, Cornwall, and was 
educated privately. Himself the son of a mining 
engineer and metallurgist, he was trained in a 
metallurgical works at Swansea, S. Wales, and 
proceeded to S.A. as Chief Chemist and Metal- 
lurgist to the Cape Copper Co. at Ooldep, Nama- 
qualand. For the past 13 years he has been 
engaged in metallurgical work on the Rand, and 
since 1895 has acted as consulting chemist and 
metallurgist to the Eckstein and other mining 
groups. During this period he has been largely 
instrumental in bringing the profitable treatment 
of " slimes " to a successful issue. From 1899 
to 1903 he was Pres, of the Chemical and Metal- 
liu'gical Society of S.A., which during his term 
of office enlarged its sphere of usefulness by in- 
cluding " mining " in its scope and title. In 
1903 Mr. W'illiams was elected a member of the 
Council of the Institution of Mining and Metal- 
lurgy, London. He was appointed by Lord 
Milner a member of the Commission on Miners' 
Phthisis, and served on the Technical Education 
Commission nominated by the Transvaal Govt. 
He takes a keen interest in scientific work and 
education, and married, Dec. 4, 1894, Mary 
Annie, eldest dau. of H. A. Bradley, engineer and 
architect, of London. 

WILLIAMS, Right Rev. Joseph Watkin, 
D.D., Bishop of St. John's, Kaffraria, of Bishops- 
mead, Umtata, C.C. ; was born at Birmingham, 
Oct. 15, 1857, is eldest son of Thos. Watkin 
Williams, F.R.G.S. ; was educated at Winchester, 
Oxford, and Cuddesdon ; was ordained in 1881 ; 

was Domestic Chaplain to the Archbishop of 
C.T. from 1892 till 1901, when he was appointed 
to the Bishopric of St. John's. 

WILLIAMS, Ralph Champneys, C.M.G. 
(1901), of Head Quarter House, Mafeking, and of 
the St. James' Club, is the son of the Rev. T. M. 
Williams, of Treffos, Anglesey, and was educated 
at Rossall. He explored in Patagonia in 
1873-74, and was in Central Africa in 1883-84. 
He was head of the Civil Intelligence of the 
Bechuanaland Expedition in 1884-85. He was 
British Consular Officer in S.A.R. 1887 and 
was appointed first British Agent in S.A.R. , 
with Letter of Credence, 1888. He was 
Colonial Treas. of Gibraltar 1890, and also Capt. 
of the Port of Gibraltar 1895. He received the 
silver medal and vellum certificate from the 
Italian Govt, for services in connection with the 
wreck of the Utopia in 1891. After the Raid he 
went to the Barbados as Colonial Secy, in 1897, 
and acted twice as Governor of Barbados. He 
is the author of " The British Lion in Bechuana- 
land," and was Special Correspondent of the 
" Standard," 1884-85. He married, in 1875, 
Jessie, dau. of Samuel Dean. 

WILLIAMS, Robert, of 30 and 31, Clement's 
Lane, London, E.G. ; and of 69, Albert Hall 
Mansions, Kensington Gore, London, was born 
at Aberdeen, Scotland, and was formerly En- 
gineer for the Bultfontein Mine, and afterwards 
went to the Transvaal and Rhodesia, but it 
was as a financier in London that he made 
his chief mark, devoting his energies mainly to 
the development of the territories about and 
above the Zambesi. He is Managing Director 
of the Tanganyika Concessions Ltd. , the Katanga 
Railway Co., and the Zambesi Exploring Co., 
besides exercising considerable influence over 
other large concerns. The Tanganyika Con- 
cessions Co. is an immense concern, holding 
sway over large tracts of N. Rhodesia and 
Katangaland. It holds for joint account wdth 
the Katanga Co. the prospecting rights over 
about 60,000 square miles in the Congo district, 
with the right to work all mines which may be 
discovered for 89 years, and there are said to 
be tin and copper deposits exceeding many 
millions in value, besides gold reefs, cobalt and 
nickel. The Tanganyika Co. also owns a half 
interest in the Benguella Concession, with the 
sole right to prospect over about 120,000 
sq. miles for ten years and to work all mines 
found in perpetuity. But one of the greatest 
schemes with which Sir. WilHams is identified 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

is the construction of the railway from Lobito 
Bay, under the Benguella Concession, to open 
up the mineral areas and eventually probably 
connect with the Cape to Cairo railway system, 
and if he succeeds in satisfactorily financing 
this, the line should absorb nine-tenths of the 
S. African passenger traffic to and from 
Evirope. But in view of Mr. Williams' previous 
success in carrying out his projects it is not 
probable that this scheme will fail for want of 
support in the proper quarters. Mr. Robert 
Williams is a man of enormous enterprise, who 
has worked wonders with the aid of such small 
opportunities as have presented themselves, a 
small syndicate of his with a capital of but 
£5,000 having been gradually developed iuto 
the Zambesia Exploring Co., from which ulti- 
mately sprang the Tanganyika Concessions. 
A protege of Cecil Rhodes, who strongly sup- 
ported his daring and ambitious schemes, he 
has also received great assistance from the King 
of the Belgians and the King of Portugal. He 
was further seconded by the well-known firm of 
Hilder & Paul. Given a sufficiency of financial 
support, we may yet see Mr. Robert Williams fig- 
uring as theCecil Rhodes of Northern Zambesia. 
He is personally very popidar, and fond of shoot- 
ing and yachting, and was formerly the owner 
of the yacht Rosahelle He drives a doiible 
tonneau Panhard motor, and still plays a good 
game of cricket, and it will be remembered that 
he captained the team at Bal-na-coil which 
played and beat the S. African XI. in 1901. 
He married Margaret, dau. of Mr. Bayne, of 

WILLMORE, John Selden, M.A., of Zeitotm, 
Cairo, and of the Athenaeum Club, was born at 
Neuilly, France, in 1856 ; is younger son of the 
late Graham Willmore, Q.C., Judge of the 
Somersetshire Covuity Court and Recorder of 
Bath and Wells, by his wife Josephine Selden, of 
Virginia. He was educated at Icing's Coll., 
Camb., where he graduated M.A. in 188G ; is a 
Barrister of the Inner Temple, and was appointed 
a Student Interpreter at Constantinople in 1879. 
He was Acting Consul-Gen. at Phihppopohs, 
1885 ; Vice-Consul at Angora, 1885-87, and at 
Alexandria, 1887-89, when he was appointed to 
his present position as a Judge of the Native 
Egyptian Court of Appeal. He is a Lecturer at 
the Khedivial School of Law and has published 
"The Spoken Arabic of Egypt" (1901) and 
" Handbook of Spoken Egyptian Arabic " (1903). 
In his earlier days he won prizes for running and 
jvimping ; his recreations are now lawn tennis 

and swimming. He married, in 1890, Edith 
Mabel, eldest dau. of the late Alfred Caillard, 
Director of Customs, Egypt. 

WILLS, John Trenwith, Order of the Med- 
jidieh, of Formby, Lancashire, fifth and youngest 
son of John Wills, merchant, of Liverpool, his 
grandfather being Francis Wills, Headmaster of 
the then great Quaker Sch. at Newton-in-Bolland, 
Yorks., was born at Chester in 1844, and was 
educated at the Merchant Taylors' Sch., and 
afterwards in Italy. About the year 1861 he 
went to Alexandria, Egypt, and joined the firm 
of the Egyptian Commercial and Trading Co., 
Ltd., and later, that of Messrs. Robt. Corkling 
& Co., Ltd., of Alexandria and Mansourah. At 
the latter place he was for some time Acting 
British Vice-Consul. 

In 1870 he started the well-known firm of Wills, 
Manche & Co., Steamship Agents at Port Said and 
Suez, now called Wills & Co., Ltd. His firm, be- 
sides representing many of the principal British 
and foreign steamship cos., was also coal con- 
tractors to the British Govt, for some seven con- 
secutive years, and especially during the eventful 
time of the Arabi Pasha revolt. During this 
time they had to supply the coal to the immense 
fleet of hired transports on their way through the 
Canal with the troops, etc., to Ismailia just prior 
to the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir, when the power of 
Arabi was broken once for all. Later on they 
had to supply all the coal to the fleet of hired 
transports taking out railvv-ay material for the 
projected Suakim-Berber Railway for the relief 
of Gordon Pasha at Khartoum,which however was 
abandoned, and the ships with their cargoes re- 
turned to England by order of the Gladstone 

The subject of our sketch was for about twelve 
years Hon. Vice-Consul at Port Said to H.M. 
King Oscar of Sweden and Norway. One of the 
interesting events during his term of office was 
the retiu-n of Prof. Nordenskj old's expedition to 
the Polar regions. Capt. Pallander, R.N. (Nor- 
wegian), the Commander of the Expedition, 
dimng a visit to the Vice-Consular Office gave a 
very graphic viva voce outline of the journey in 
English, from the time the expedition left home 
until its arrival at Port Said. This the subject 
of our sketch translated verbatim into French as 
the narrative proceeded, and it was taken down 
on the spot by the representative of the local 
French paper and duly appeared in extenso in 
the next day's issue. This was the first authentic 
accovint that appeared in the pubUc press, and ife 
made interesting reading. 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


During the years 1862-63, when the great 
cholera plague raged in Egypt, Mr. Wills was one 
of the few Englishmen (another notable one 
being Mr. James Finney, of Messrs. Carver Bros. ) 
who remained at Alexandria to see it through, 
nearly all the other Europeans having sealed up 
their premises and fled. In about 1884 the epi- 
demic raged again, but not so fiercely, and Mr. 
Wills was one of the committee appointed to 
ward oS the encroaching disease at Port 
Said, and their combined efforts were so success- 
ful that not a single fatal case occurred. For 
these services he received the decoration from the 
ELhedive of the Imperial Order of the Medjidieh. 

He retired from the firm of Wills & Co., Ltd., in 
1889. He occasionally acted during the Arabi 
Pasha revolt as the " Times " correspondent at 
Port Said, and is now the Liverpool commercial 
representative of the Press Assoc, Ltd., of 
Lond., and is also connected with the well- 
known fu'm of Sun & Coventry, of Liverpool. 
He married: first, in 1874, Louisa Jane, dau. of 
Richard Clarke, Solicitor and Clerk of the Peace, 
of Shrewsbury, by whom he had one dau., Mary 
Adelaide ; and second, in 1890, Floi-ence Elizabeth, 
dau. of the late Geo. Lovering, of West Norwood, 
by whom he has two sons, Trenwith Lovering 
and Jolin Godfrey. 

WILLSON, Major-Gen. Sir IMildmay, 
K.C.B., is the eldest son of the late Anthony 
Peacock, of Ranceby Hall, formerly M.P. for 
Lincoln, who assmned the name of Willson. 
He was born in the year 1847, and entered the 
Scots Guards in 1866. He took part in the Nile 
Expedition, and in 1901 joined Lord Kitchener 
for special service in the Boer War. He was in 
command of the troops to the west of Johannes- 
bm-g, and was generally looked upon as a "safe" 
leader. Gen. Willson is unmarried. 

WILMOT, Hon. Alexander, M.L.C, 
F.R.G.S., Knight of St. Gregory, and Hon. 
Chamberlain to the Pope ; of Cape Town and 
Grahamstown, C.C, and of the Civil Ser- 
vice (G.T.) and Port Elizabeth Clubs, was 
born at Edinburgh, Apr. 9, 1836, and re- 
ceived his education at the Univs. of Glas- 
gow and Edinbiirgh. After spending some 
time in the Cape Colonial Civil Service, Mr. 
Wilmot entered the Cape Parliament in 1889, 
and has sat ever since in the Legislative Council 
(or Upper House), and has during his Parlia- 
mentary career been sponsor for many useful 
social measures. He is President of the Tem- 
perance Alliance, and is Whip of the Progressive 

party in the Legislative Council, under the 
leadership of Dr. Jameson. His constituency, 
the South-Eastern Electoral Province, com- 
prises Port Elizabeth, Grahamstown, and Uiten- 
hage. Mr. Wilmot is the author of a " History 
of South Africa," " History of the Zulu War," 
" History of Our Own Time in South Africa," 
etc. He married, Jan. 17, 1860, Miss Alice 
Mary Slater, belonging to one of the British 
settler famihes of 1820. 

WINDHAM, William, of Parktown, Johan- 
nesbiu'g, and of the AthenEeum Club, Johannes- 
burg ; son of Ashe Windham, of Waurne Hall, 
Yorks. ; was born at GreytowTi, Nov. 12, 1864, 
and was educated at the Diocesan Coll., C.T. 
He was appointed Clerk to the Resident Com- 
missioner, Zululand, in 1 882 ; Student-Inter- 
preter, Native Affairs Dept., Natal, 1884 ; 
Registrar to H.E. the Special Commissioner for 
Zulu Affairs, Oct. 1885 ; Clerk and Interpreter 
to Resident Commissioner and Chief Magistrate, 
Zululand, June 1887 ; Secy, to the same in Jan. 
1 889 ; Clerk to the Executive Coimcil, Natal, 
Sept. 1889 ; Priv. Secy, to the Governor of 
Natal, Oct. 1889 ; Secy, for Zululand, Dec. 
1889; Govt. Secy, for Zululand, Feb. 1894; 
Asst. Under Secy, for Zululand Affairs, Natal, 
Jan. 1897 ; Registrar of Deeds and Registrar- 
Gen., Natal, Mar. 1898 ; Asst. Secy. Mines Dept. 
of the Transvaal, July 1, 1901,; and he received 
his present appointment as Secy, for Native 
Affairs of the Transvaal, Sept. 23, 1901. He mar- 
ried, July 10, 1894, Blanche, dau. of A. E. 
Titren, of Durban. 

WINGATE, Maj.-Gen. Sir Francis Regi- 
nald, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.B. (Civil), D.S.O., 
F.R.G.S. (late A.D.C. to the King) ; Grand 
Cordon of the Medjidieh, 2nd Class Osmanieh, 
2nd Class Iron Crowm of Austria, 2nd Class 
Star of Ethiopia; of the Palace, Khartoum ; 
War Office, Cairo ; Stafford House, Dvuibar, 
N.B. ; and of the Army and Nav}% Beefsteak, 
Turf (Cairo), and Sudan (Khartoum) Clubs ; is 
the son of Andrew Wingate, of Glasgow. He was 
born June 25, 1861, at Broadfield, Port Glas- 
gow, Renfrewshire, and was educated at Dr. 
Thompson's Sch., Jersey, and the Royal 
Military Acad., Woolwich. Gen. Wingate 
entered the R.A. in 1880, and has been 
employed with the Egyptian Army since 1882. 
He acted as A.D.C. and Military Sec. to Sir 
Evelyn Wood in the Sudan Expedition of 
1884-5 (despatches, medal with clasp, bronze 
star, brev. of Maj.). He again served in the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Sudan in 1889-91, being present at the action 
of Toski (despatches, D.S.O., clasp) and at the 
capture of Tokar (3rd Class Medjidieh, and 
clasp and bronze star). In 1895 he was ap- 
pointed Director of Military Intelligence in the 
Egyptian Army, and served in this capacity 
through the Dongola Expedition in 1896 (des- 
patches, brev. of Lieut. -Col., Egyptian niedal, 
two clasps), and in the Nile Expedition of the 
following year (appointed A.D.C. to the Queen, 
brev. of Col., clasp and Egyptian medal). He 
also took part in the Nile Expedition of 1898, 
being present at the battles of Atbara, and 
Khartoum, being mentioned in despatches, 
receiving the K.C.M.G. and the thanks of both 
Houses of Parliament (two clasps and Egyptian 
medal). In the Nile Expedition of 1899 Sir 
Reginald commanded the Infantry Division 
in the first advance against the Khalifa, and 
took command in the subsequent operations, 
which resulted in the final defeat of the Khalifa, 
being present at the actions of Abu Aaclel and 
Om Dubreikat (despatches, K.C.B., 2nd Class 
Osmanieh, two clasps and Egyptian medal). 
Gen. Wingate succeeded Lord Kitchener as 
Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and Governor- 
Gen, of the Sudan. He married, June 18, 
1888, Catherine Leslie, dau. of Capt. Joseph 
Sparkhall Bundle, R.N., of Newton Abbott, 

WOLFAARDT, Geoege Sebastian, M.L.A., 
is member of the Cape Legislative Assembly for 
Swellendam, for which electoral division he was 
re-elected in Feb., 1904. He supports the Bond 

WOLFF, Lieut. Cecil Harry, of the Sports 
Club, London, was born at Port Elizabeth, Jan. 
1882 ; is second son of Victor Wolff, whose 
father was Mayor of Port Ehzabeth. Lieut. 
Wolff was educated at St. Paul's Sch., and Univ. 
Coll., London. He won the PubHc Schools Box- 
ing Championship in 1898 and 1899. Entered 
the 4th Batt. Bedford Regt. Oct. 16, 1901 : 
served in S.A. Dec. 1901-Oct. 1902 (medal and 
fotir clasps). 

WOLMARANS, J. M. A., was a member of the 
Executive Council under the Kxiiger regime 
He was accused by the Dutch paper " Land en 
Volk " of receiving a commission of one shiling 
per case of dynamite sold (equal to aboiit £10,000 
per annum) as a bribe to secure his support in the 
Executive Council on the vote as to the renewal 
of the Dynamite Concession. Mr. Wolmarans 
always declined to notice the allegation. 

WOOD, Field-Marshal Sir Evelyn, V.C, 
G.C.B., G.C.M.G., Grand Cross of the Legion of 
Honoiu" ; of Salisbury, and of the United Service 
Club, is the youngest son of the late Rev. Sir 
John Page Wood, Bart., and Emma, dau. of 
Admiral Mitchell. He was born Feb. 9, 1838, at 
Cressing, Essex, and was educated at Marl- 
borough. Sir Evelyn Wood has had a long and 
brilliant career extending over half a century. 
He entered the Royal Navy in 1852, and was 
severely wounded while ser\dng with the Naval 
Brigade in the Crimean War. It was certainly 
not an unfortunate decision which induced him 
to resign the service in which, young as he was, 
Ms personal gallantry had made him conspicuous, 
and to enter the army in which he has done such 
splendid work. After serving in a Light Dragoon 
Regt. he joined the 17th Lancers in the Indian 
Mutiny Campaign, where he gained the V.C. for 
having on Oct. 19, 1858, during an action at 
Sindwayo, when in command of a troop of the 
3rd Light Cavahy, attacked with much gallantry, 
almost single-handed, a body of rebels, and also 
for subsequently rescuing an Indian from a band 
of robbers. At this time he was serving as 
Brigade-Maj. -wdth Beatson's Horse. He also 
raised and commanded Mayne's Horse, and was 
present in five actions. He served with great 
distinction in the Ashanti, Kafir, Zulu and first 
Transvaal Wars ; commanded the Second Bri- 
gade (2nd Div.) in the Expedition to Egypt in 
1882 ; raised the Egyptian Army in 1883, and 
took part in the Nile Expedition in 1894-95. He 
has, at various times, been in command of the 
Chatham and Eastern Dists. of the Aldershot 
Div. He has also been Adjutant-Gen. and 
Quartermaster-Gen. to the Forces, and lately 
commanded the 2nd Army Corps. Sir Evelyn 
Wood was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple 
in 1874. He is a well known writer on military 
subjects, his book on the Crimea being regarded 
as a standard work of those stirring tinaes. He 
married, Sept. 19, 1867, the Hon. Pauline South- 
well, who died in 1891. 

WOOD, Henry, M.L.A., was returned vmop- 
posed as Progressive member for Grahamstown 
in the Cape House of Assembly in Nov. 1902, and 
was re-elected in 1904. He is a supporter of the 

WOOLLAN, Benjamin Minors, of Sherwood 
Park, Tunbridge Wells, was born in 1857. He 
went to S.A. in 1882, and after five years spent on 
the Kimberley Diamond Fields he was attracted 
by the budding promise of the Transvaal Gold- 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


fields, and the year 1887 saw him established in 
Johannesburg. With great energy and ability 
he soon built up a large and prosperous business, 
and amongst other joint-stock ventures founded 
the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, of which 
Committee he was the fu'st Chairman. He was 
also a member of the Transvaal National Union. 
He returned to England in 1895, and retired from 
business a few years later. He is very fond of 
shooting, and has been twice married. 

WOOLLS-SAMPSON, Col. Sir Aubrey, 
K.C.B., of Johannesburg. In the early seventies 
at the age of fifteen, he shouldered a rifle in the 
Diamond Fields Revolt, led by the Fenian, Ayl- 
ward, who singled out yotmg Sampson as one 
who did not know what fear meant. In 1896 he 
was one of the two Reform prisoners {vide W. 
D. Davies) who, rather than join in the petition 
to the Executive, elected to complete their terms 
of imprisonment in Pretoria gaol. He founded 
the Imperial Light Horse at the beginning of the 
S.A. War, through which he served from 1899 to 
1902, doing excellent service, especially on the 
Intelligence Staff. He was severely wounded at 
Elandslaagte, and was several times mentioned 
in despatches. He is now Hon. Col. of the Right 
Wing of the I.L.H., with hon. rank in the British 
Army ; was made C.B. Nov. 29, 1900, and K.C.B. 
June 26, 1902. At the conclusion of the war he 
joined Major Mullins, V.C., in a partnership as 
financial and estate agents in Johannesburg. 

WREY, Philip " Bourchier Sherard, of 
Bulawayo, and the Union Club, London, was 
born June 28, 1858. He is son of Sir Henry 
Bourchier Wrey, Bart., and of the Hon. Lady 
Wrey, dau. of Baron Sherard. He was educated 
privately, and served his articles as Civil and 
Mining Engineer with Jas. Henderson, M.I.C.E., 
of Truro, Cornwall, 1876-79. In the latter year 
he went to S.A., practising in Ivimberley as a 
mining engineer, 1880-81. He was employed as 
Cape Govt. Siirveyor, 1883-85, during which 
time he surveyed and reported upon the Walfisch 
Bay territory. From 1886 to 1891 he was occu- 
pied as Mining Engineer in Johannesbiu'g. From 
then until 1899 he was Consulting Engineer to the 
Mashonaland Agency and its subsidiaries, and he 
then became Gen. Manager of that group. He 
was Pres. of the Rhodesian Chamber of Mines 
for 1901-2. Mr. Wrey married, Aug. 14, 1889, 
Alice Mary, dau. of the late Col. Borton, R.H.A. 

WRIGHT, CiPT. Wallace Duffield, V.C, 
of the 2nd Qtieen's Regt., was born at Gibraltar 
in 1875 ; was educated at Cranbrook Sch., Kent, 

and joined the Militia in 1893. Transferring to 
the regular army in 1896, he proceeded to India, 
taliing part in the N.W. Frontier Campaign of 
1897-98, in which he was severely wounded. He 
went to N. Nigeria in 1901, and served with the 
M.I. in the Kano and Sokoto affairs of 1903 with 
distinction, being mentioned in despatches and 
receiving the coveted V.C. He was also slightly 
wotmded. His captaincy dates from 1903. 

WYNNE, James, M.L.A., is one of the Pro- 
gressive members of the Cape Legislative Assem- 
bly for Port Ehzabeth, for which constituency 
he was re-elected at the general election in 1904. 

YOUNGHUSBAND, Major (Temp. Col.) 
Francis Edward, CLE., of the Army and Navy 
Club ; second son of Major-Gen. J. W. Young- 
husband, C.S.I., began his military career in the 
1st Dragoon Guards in 1882, subsequently trans- 
ferring to the Indian Staff Corps. He has 
travelled considerably in Cliina, Chinese Turkes- 
tan and India, and has on various occasions 
served as Political Officer. Perhaps no man in 
the service of the Indian Govt, is regarded with 
so much fear by Russia, whose agents have per- 
sistently shadowed his movements during his 
journeys in the Far East. Col. Younghusband 
acted as special correspondent of the " Times " 
during the campaign in Chitral, and also during 
the Rhodesian Rebellion in 1896. He is now 
acting as Commissioner on a mission to Thibet 
for negotiating a settlement of the relations be- 
tween India and that country. The expedition, 
after being delayed on the frontier, arrived at 
Khambajong, in the Thibetan territory, in July, 
1903, and remained there on account of the hos- 
tility of the Thibetans until Nov. of that year, 
when an advance of a further ninety miles to 
Gyangtse, an important centre some 150 miles 
from Lhassa, was ordered. Gyangtse was 
reached, after some fighting in which the Thibet- 
ans lost heavily, in April, 1904. 

Col. Younghusband was decorated in 1901, and 
holds two gold medals, one the Kaiser-i-Hind for 
Public Service in India, and the other that of 
the Royal Geographical Society for general 
exploration work. He is the author of " South 
Africa of To-Day," published in 1898, and of 
other works. He married, in 1897, a daughter of 
the late Chas. Magniac, M.P. 

ZIETSMAN, Loins Frederick, M.L.A., re- 
presents Griqualand East in the Cape Legislative 
Assembly, to which he was again returned by 
the Progressive vote in 1904. 



ADAMS, Dr. Percy T., L.R.C.S., formerly 
Surgeon attached to the Union SS. Co., was 
appomted Deputy Medical Officer of Health 
of the O.R.C. in 1903. 

ANSON, Hon. F. C. M., of Lagos, W. Africa, 
was formerly for twenty years in the Civil Ser- 
vice of British Guiana ; then served for a short 
while as Treas. of St. Lucia, prior to his pre- 
sent appointment as Colonial Treas. of Lagos. 

BADEN-POWELL, Major-Gen. Robert 
Stephenson Smyth, C.B., F.R.G.S., of 32, 
Prince's Gate, London, and of the Cavalry, 
Naval and Military, and Beefsteak Clubs, is son 
of Prof. Baden-Powell, his mother being dau. 
of Admiral Smyth. Gen. R. S. S. Baden-Powell 
was born in London, Feb. 22, 1857 ; was edu- 
cated at Charterhouse, and joined the 13th 
Hussars in 1876, serving with distinction in the 
Afghanistan, Boer, Zululand, Ashanti, Mata- 
beleland, and S. African campaigns. He 
was Mil. Secy, at the Cape, 1887-00; and at 
Malta, 1890-93. In the second Matabele War 
he rendered invaluable services as C.S.O. to 
Col. Plumer during the operations in the Matop- 
pos. He commanded the advanced force during 
its attacks on Babyaan's stronghold, July 20, 
1896 ; performed excellent service in risky 
scouting work by night and day in the Matop- 
pos, and commanded successful patrols in clear- 
ing the Shangani, Wedzas, and Belingwe dis- 
tricts. In the last Boer War he gained great 
popularity by his gallant defence of Mafeking, 
and later he raised and commanded the S.A.C., 
a corps which at that time numbered 10,000 
strong. Relinquishing this command in 1903, 
he was appointed Inspector-Gen. of Cavalry, 
Gen. Baden-Powell takes his profession seriously 
and enthusiastically. He has written a viseful 
text-book on scouting, which is also regarded 
as a text-book by the German Army ; he is a 
clever sketcher, and has considerable theatrical 

talent. In 1884 he won the Kadir Cup for pig- 
sticking in India, and he plays polo and golf. 

BALDWIN, Capt., succeeded Capt. Fitz- 
Crowe as British Consul-Gen. at Delagoa Bay 
in 1902. 

BANNERMAN, Capt. Sir Alexander, R.E., 
11th Bart., of Brackley, Northants, where he 
was born Dec. 16, 1870, was educated at Wel- 
lington Coll., and succeeded to the Baronetcy 
Dec. 3, 1901. He served for 3| years in Hong 
Kong and through the whole of the S.A. War, 
being mentioned in Lord Roberts' despatches. 
He left England in 1903 on a special mission 
for the War Office to Japan. 

BRAKHAN, Amandxjs, of Johannesburg, is 
the chief representative in S.A. of the Adolf 
Goerz group of Cos. 

BREWSTER, Alfred, Bey, of Cairo, Egypt, 
belongs to an old Essex family, and is brother 
to T. A. Brewster, proprietor of the " Port 
Elizabeth Advertiser." He entered the ser- 
vice of the Egyptian Govt, in 1870, in the 
Customs Administration and Coastguard Ser- 
vice. In 1879 he was appointed Director of 
Customs at Sttakin by the late Gen. Gordon. 
This post he held till 1882, when he served in 
the Egyptian campaign on the Commissariat 
staff (medal and bronze star). He returned to 
Suakin in 1883, and served under Baker Pasha 
in the Intelligence and Commissariat Depart- 
ments, and was subsequently appointed by the 
late Admiral Sir W. Hewitt as Sub-Governor, 
in addition to his duties at the Customs. In 
1884 he was appointed Commander of the 
Imperial Order of the Medjidieh, and in the 
following year he was lent to the Intelligence 
Department by the Egyptian Govt., and was 
attached to Gen. Graham's force. He was 


Anglo -African Who's Who 

several actions and at the taking of 
present at fj^g mentioned in despatches. He 
Tamai, beijj guakin as Director of Customs 
remained i -when he was transferred to the 
until 1890, Service at Alexandria as Secretary 
Coastguard ,uer. In 1891 he was selected by 
and Contrce Mohamed Tewfik as his Private 
the KhediVg^g^g j^q^ jjj ^j-^q same capacity to 
Secy., and Khedive, Abbas II. He holds the 
the presentr of ^j^g first class, and is Commander 
rank of Bej:,^^^^^} Ottoman Orders of Osmanieh 
of the Iniiq^Qh^ and Chevalier of the Fran9ois 
and Medjiclgj._ 
Joseph Ord 

L E Y-D A V E N PO R T, Lieut. -Col. 

BROMb.S.O., M.P., J.P., D.L., of 1, Bel- 
WiLLiAM, .3^ London, S.W., is eldest son of the 
grave Place .Col. W. Bromley-Davenport, was 
late Lieut^63, and was educated at Eton and 
born m of which he represented in the 
Oxford, bci[j football teams. He has repre- 
cricket am Macclesfield Div. of Cheshire as a 
sented the^-g since 1886, and took a prominent 
Conservati\j,gggj^^^j^g Lord Penrhyn's case when 
part m repg^jg qviarries dispute was brought 
the Bethe House. He also championed the 
before thejol. Ivinloch (whose brother-in-law 
cause ^ 01 Vnection with the " ragging incident " 
he isjincor^adier Guards. For a couple of years 
in the Grer Parhamentary Secy, to Sir Matthew 
he acted afi,gy -vvhen he was Home Secy., and he 
White RidlLord Stanley as Financial Secy, to 
succeeded gjgg, 
the War 0,he s.A. War Mr. Bromley-Davenport 

Duruig t^ the 4th Batt. Imp. Yeo., being 
commandei ^ despatches, and receiving the 
mentioned the D.S.O. 
medal and 

.,Majoe-Gen., of Cape Town, served 
BKOOI\e Zulu War in 1879 ; the Boer War 
through tl| . commanded the 2nd Brigade of 
of 1880-8:piei^ Force in India in 1897-8, and 
the Tochi jygd on special service during the 
was emplc^ War. In 1904 Gen. Brook suc- 
S. African^jor-Gen. Miles in the command of 
ceeded Mfjolony district, 
the Cape C 

J, Right Hon. Sir Ernest, K.C.M.G., 
CASSEIp.c., of 48, Grosvenor Sq., London, 
K.C.V.O., orn in 1852 at Cologne, where he was 
W., was btg(j, jje is an engineer by profession, 
also educag constructor of the wonderful dam 
and IS th^^ which cost two and a half millions 
at As£Ouai,^-jt the storing of the Nile water will, 
to build, Ijated, increase the wealth of Egypt 
it IS estin millions sterhng. 
by eighty 

CRICHTON (Henry William), Viscount, 
D.S.O. , of Crom Castle, Newtown Butler, Ire- 
land, and of the Turf, Marlborough, and Army 
and Navy Clubs, is the eldest son of John Henry, 
4th Earl of Erne, K.P., P.C, and of Florence, 
Countess of Erne. He was born Sept. 30, 
1872, and was educated at Eton and the Royal 
Naval Col. Lord Crichton was Adjt. of 
the Royal Horse Guards, iDec. 1896 to Oct. 
1899 ; was A.D.C. to Major-Gen. Brocklehurst, 
C.B., commanding 2nd Natal Cavalry Brigade 
in the S. African War ; and was present during 
the siege of Ladysmith, and was with General 
Sir R. Buller during the operations from Lady- 
smith to Lydenburg, May to Oct. 1900, being 
mentioned in despatches. He did excellent 
work during this war; obtained the D.S.O., 
and was promoted capt. in Feb. 1900. He 
accompanied their Royal Highnesses the Duke 
and Duchess of Cornwall and York during their 
Colonial tour in H.M.S. Ophir as A.D.C, 
and was appointed Equerry-in-Waiting to 
H.R.H. Prince of Wales in Nov. 1901. He 
married, Jime 10, 1903, Lady Mary Cavendish 
Grosvenor, eldest dau. of the 1st Duke of West- 
minster and Katherine, Duchess of Westminster. 

CURRIE, Oswald James, M.B., M.R.C.S. 
(Eng. ), of 24, Longmarket Street, Maritzburg, 
and of tlie Victoria Club, Maritzburg, is son of 
Alexander Currie, of the firm of Roxburgh, 
Currie & Co., London. He was born Mar. 13, 
1860, at Greenwich, and was educated at the 
University Coll. Sch. and Guy's Hosp., and 
graduated M.B. with 1st class honours at Lon- 
don Univ. Dr. Currie was Sen. House Physician 
at Guy's Hospital, 1882 ; Sen. House-Surgeon, 
Huddersfield Hospital, 1883-5 ; Surgeon at 
the Yeatman Hospital, Sherborne, and Med. 
Officer at Sherborne School, 1886-9 ; Surgeon 
under the P. and O.S.N. Co., 1889-91, and was 
Surgeon to the Natal Carabineers, 1894-1902, 
receiving the King's and Queen's Boer Vv^ar 
medals (five clasps). He was in medical charge 
of the Natal First Field Hospital (Volunteers) 
during the siege of Ladysmith, and is at present 
Capt. commanding the Artillery, Natal Royal 
Regiment ; Surgeon of Guy's Hospital, Maritz- 
burg, and Medical Officer of Health, Maritzburg. 
Dr. Currie has written various papers for medical 
journals. His recreations are travelling and 
natural history. He married, 1896, Sara, dau. 
of Geo. Gubbins, of Limerick. 

DORMER, Francis J., of London, is one of 
the many Anglo-Africans who have made journal- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


ism a stepping-stone to a prominent position 
in S. African financial circles. He was an 
early and strenuous assailant of Kriigerism, and 
is familiar with the varied conditions and diffi- 
cult questions affecting S.A. and its chief 
industry. He is a Director of the Transvaal 
Estates and Development and some other Cos. 

DUNNING, Sir E. H., was one of the earliest 
miners on the Witwatersrand, working pro- 
perties on tribute, until he made a considerable 
fortune out of the flotation of the Rietfontein 
mine, whose shares went to a large premium, 
at which Sir Edwin Dunning was wise enough to 
sell out and retire. He owns large estates in 
Devonshire, where he interests himself in horse 
and cattle breeding. He was knighted on the 
King's birthday (1904). 

EGERTON, Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles Comyn, 
G.C.B., D.S.O., A.D.C. to the King, was born 
in 1848 ; entered the Army as second lieut. in 
June 1867, and obtained his step first in Oct. 
1869, and his captaincy in 1879. He took part 
in the Afghan War in 1879-80, accompanied 
Lord (then Sir F.) Roberts in his march to 
Kandahar, and was present at the battle of 
Kandahar, for his services in which he was 
mentioned in despatches and received the medal 
with clasp and the bronze star. He was gazetted 
Maj. on June 8, 1887, and served with the 
Hazara Expedition in 1888 as A.A.G.(despatches, 
medal with clasp). In 1891 he took part in the 
two Miranzai Expeditions under Sir William 
Lockhart as A.A.G., was severely wounded, 
and received the brevet of lieut. -col. and the 
D.S.O. His war services also include the Waziri 
campaign of 1894-5, when he conxmanded the 
Bannu column, and received the C.B. ; the 
Sudan operations, 1896, when he commanded 
the Suakin force ; the operations in the Tochi 
Valley, when he commanded the brigade ; and 
the operations against the Darwesh Kheyl 
Waziris in 1902, when he was in command of 
the troops. The order of K.C.B. was conferred 
on Gen. Egerton on Jan. 1, 1903, and he was 
invested with the insignia by the Duke of Con- 
naught at Delhi. Gen. Egerton superseded 
Gen. Manning in the command of the Somali- 
land Expeditionary Force in 1903, and inflicted 
severe punishment on the Dervishes at Jidballi 
on Jan. 10, 1904, and by April following the 
operations were considered practically at an 
end, the Mullah having practically disappeared. 

ELLIOTT, Arthur A., B.A. (Cape), M.A. 

(Oxford), is fourth son of Sir Charles Elliott, ex- 
Gen. Manager of the Cape Railways, and now 
fills the office of Assistant-Registrar of the Cape 
University, in place of Mr. C. S. Edgar, M.A., 
recently appointed to the professorship of Greek 
in the Victoria College, Stellenbosch. 

ELLIOTT, Sir Henry, of Durban, was for 
many years Chief Magistrate of Tembuland, 
Transkei, and Pondoland, from which he re- 
cently retired through ill-health, and settled 
down in Natal. 

FERREIRA, Capt. Sir Cornelius do Costa, 
K.C.M.G., was formerly Governor-Gen. of the 
Province of Mozambique, and was created a 
K.C.M.G. on the King's birthday (1902). 

FORBES, Major Patrick William, of 
Salisbijry, Rhodesia, is son of the late A. C. 
Forbes, of Whitchixrch, Oxon. He was formerly 
Capt. in the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons, and 
served in the operations in Zululand in 1888. 
He was the first officer to command the Mash- 
onaland Volunteer Regt., and took part in the 
Matabele War of 1893 in command of the Salis- 
bury column, contributing a long account of 
the operations to " The Downfall of Lobengula," 
by W. A. Wills and L. T. CoUingridge. He 
married, Jan. 21, 1903, Beatrice, dau. of Robert 
Grey, Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital. 

FORD, Lewis Peter, of Biu-ton Tower, 
Gresford, N. Wales, was born Jan. 26, 1846. 
He studied law under Advocate Brand, who 
afterwards became Pres. of the O.F.S., 
and was admitted to practise in S.A, in 
1865, before degrees were necessary for quali- 
fication. He was Deputy-Sheriff of Richmond 
(C.C.) and Murraysburg from 1886 to 1871 ; was 
the first Attorney-Gen. appointed under British 
rule in the Transvaal in 1877 mider Sir Theo- 
philus Shepstone ; Legal Adviser in the Trans- 
vaal to the Imperial Govt., 1878-88 ; and 
Chancellor of the Diocese of Pretoria, 1879-89. 
Since then Mr. Ford has resided in England, 
and has gradually liquidated his S. African 
interests, and taken up other enterprises H© 
is Chairman of the Limni Copper Mining Synd., 
and has devoted much time to the development 
of the Silicate-of Lime Stone, Ltd , of which 
company he is also Chau-man. He married 
twice : first, in 1866, Miss E. Utting, dau. of a 
former editor of the "Cape Argus"; and 
secondly. Miss E. Tanner, dau. of the Chief 
Surveyor in H.M. Office of Works. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

FOWLE, Col. J., 21st Lancers, served in the 
Nile Expedition in 1884 with the Light Camel 
Regiment. He was in the Soudan with Lord 
Kitchener in 1898, and took part in the battle 
of Khartoum, and in that gallant but useless 
charge of the 21st Lancers, which was said to 
have freshened up the reputation of a regiment 
with a rather poor record. 

GAUL, Right Rev. William Thomas, Lord 
Bishop of Mashonaland, D.D., of Bishop's 
Rooms, Salisbvu-y, Mashonaland, was educated 
at Trinity Coll., Dublin, and went to S.A. 
in 1875 as Vicar of Bloemfontein, O.F.S. Subse- 
quently Rector of All Saints', Dutoitspan, and 
Rector of Kimberley ; he was consecrated Bishop 
of Mashonaland in 1895. 

GIFFORD, Hon. Maurice, C.M.G., is a 
yovmger brother of Lord GifTord (q.v.), and 
took part in the second Matabele War in 1896, 
starting with captain's rank. He was shot in 
the shoulder at an engagement at Shiloh, which 
necessitated his arm being amputated on reach- 
ing Bulawayo. He is associated with several 
S. African Cos., and is married. 

GOLDRING, A. R., of Salisbury House, 
London Wall, E.C., was born in London in the 
late fifties, and was little more than a youth 
when, in 1876, he left England for Cape Colony. 
On arriving at Kimberley he devoted himself 
to the mining industry. In 1882 he took to 
journalism, and became associated with the 
old " Daily Independent," then the leading 
organ of the diamond fields, and remained on 
that journal until 1889, when he went up to 
Johannesburg, where he again turned his atten- 
tion to mining. Three years later he was ap- 
pointed Secy, of the Transvaal Chamber of 
of Mines, a position which he retained until very 
recently, when he was transferred to London as 
Secy, to the London Committee of the Chamber. 

GORRINGE, Brev. Lieut. -Col. George 
Frederick, R.E., C.M.G., D.S.O., was born at 
Southwick, Sussex, Feb. 10, 1868 ; is second son 
of Hugh Gorringe, of Kingston-by-Sea, and was 
educated at Lee's Sch., Brighton, and Welling- 
ton Coll., passing in to the Royal Engineers at 
Chatham in 1888. He transferred to the 
Egyptian Army in 1893, and became D.A.A.G., 
Headquarters Staff, two years later. He 
served in the Dongola Expedition in 1896, re- 
ceiving the D.S.O., and medal and clasps for 
Firket and Hafir. In 1897 he was on the staff 

of the G.O.C., commanding at the actions of Abu 
Hamed and Atbara, gaining a brevet majority 
and clasps " 1897," Abu Hamed and Atbara. 
He was again D.A.A.G. on the Headquarters 
Staff of the Khartoum Expeditionary Force in 
1898 (clasp, fourth class Medjidieh, and British 
medal), and later in that j^ear advanced with 
the Gedaref Relief Column (clasp). Col. Gor- 
ringe commanded Irregulars at the actions of 
Abu Adel and Om Debriket — death of the 
Khalifa — (2 clasps, brev. Lieut.-Col.), after 
which he was specially employed in charge of 
the reconstruction of Kliartoum (1899). 
During the S. African War (1900) he was first 
! of all A.D.C. to Lord Kitchener, and D.A.A.G. 
I on the Headquarters Staff, taking part in the 
i relief of Kimberley, and the capture at Paarde- 
berg, and afterwards commanded a flying 
column in Cape Colony, Jan. to Oct., 1901 
(despatches. Queen's medal and 5 clasps). L^n- 

GRAHAIVI (James), Marquis of, D.L., of 
Buchanan Castle, Drymen, Glasgow, and of 
the Carlton (London) and the Western (Glasgow) 
Clubs, and of the Royal Institution of Naval 
Architects and the Royal United Service Insti- 
tution, is the son of the 5th Duke of Montrose, 
K.T., A.D.C, Lord Clerk Registrar of Scotland, 
his mother being the second dau. of Sir Frederick 
Graham, Bart., of Netherby Hall, Cumberland. 
He was born May 1, 1878, and was educated 
at Eton Coll. The marquis take a great in- 
terest in all Imperial and maritime affairs ; 
served in the Mercantile Marine, and possesses 
a Board of Trade master's certificate. He saw 
service in S.A. as Lietat. attached to the Army 
Service Corps, and also with the Doris Naval 
Brigade, and was Assis. Press Censor at Cape 
Town (S.A. medal, three bars). He visited Cape 
Town a second time on a wireless telegraphy 
Mission for the Corporation of Lloyds', London, 
and again in Dec, 1902, to study questions 
affecting the resettlement of the land. Lord 
Graham assisted Lord Brassey in the navigation 
of the Sunbeam to Montreal in 1903, and has 
travelled all over the world, visiting foiu"teen 
countries, and all the British Colonies excepting 
Canada and New Zealand. He is fond of all 
sports, particularly yachting, fishing and shoot- 
ing. He is unmarried. 

GREY, Col. Raleigh, of Salisbm-y, Rho- 
desia, was formerly in the 6th Inniskillen Dra- 
goons, from which he was seconded for service 
with the B.B.P. He took part in the Raid as 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Maj. in command of the Mafeking colixmn 
which combined with Dr. Jameson's forces. 
He was wounded in the foot, but gallantly- 
insisted on carrying on his duties until the close 
of the action. As an Imperial officer, Col. Grey 
was handed over to the British Govt, for 
trial, and was sentenced to five months' im- 
prisonment for taking part in the Raid. 

HARRIS, Dr. F. Rutherford, M.D. Edm., 
M.P., is a great-grandson of a former Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Madras Presidency (who 
received a peerage) ; is a kinsman of Lord 
Harris (q.v.), and son of the late G. A. Harris. 
He was born in 1856 ; was edvicated at Leather- 
head Gram. Sch., matriculated at Edinburgh, 
and graduated at the Royal Col. of Surgeons. 
He proceeded to S.A. in 1882, and became 
associated with the late Cecil Rhodes, becoming 
his confidential agent, and also the first Secy. 
in S.A. of the B.S.A. Co. He entered the Cape 
Parliament as member for Kimberley, and be- 
came one of the whips of the Progressive party. 
He then came to England ; was associated 
with some few finance Cos., including the 
Rand-Rhodesia Exploration Co., and entered 
the arena of British politics in 1900 as Con- 
servative M.P. for the Monmouth Burghs, but 
he lost his seat on a technical point He sub- 
sequently entered Parliament as member for 
Dulwich, defeating Mr. C. F. G. Masterman by 
1,437 votes. Dr. Harris is a keen dog fancier, 
and is very popular in South Wales, where he 
spends most of his time. 

Walter Francis, G.C.M.G., B.A., of Govern- 
ment House, Cape Town, is son of the 4th Earl 
of Donoughmore, and was born in the Irish 
capital, Aug. 22, 1849. Commencing his educa- 
tion at Cheam Sch., he afterwards went to 
Harrow and Trinity Coll., Camb., where he 
graduated B.A. He is also a Barrister of the 
Inner Temple. At the age of 25 he went to 
Fiji as attache on Lord Rosmead's (then Sir 
Hercules Robinson's) staff, becoming Priv. Secy, 
for Fiji Affairs, and the following year Priv. 
Secy, for New South Wales Affairs. After act- 
ing in this capacity for a couple of years he went 
to Barbados as Colonial Secy., leaving the West 
Indies in 1883 to take up an appointment as 
Chief Secy, at Malta. In 1884 he became Lieut.- 
Governor of the island, remaining there until 
1889, when he was appointed Governor of the 
Windward Islands. Sir Walter Hely-Hutchin- 
son's connection with S.A. dates from 1893, 

when he represented the Crown in handing 
over responsible government to Natal, of which 
Colony he was Governor from 1893-1901, his 
public services being meanwhile recognized by 
the Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. George, 
conferred upon him in 1897. Since 1901 Sir 
Walter has been Governor and C.I.C. of the 
C.C. He married, in 1881, a dau. of Major- 
Gen. Wm. Clive Justice, C.M.G. 

HERBERT, Sir Robert, G.C.B., was Per- 
manent Under-Secy. of State for the Colonies 
from 1871 to 1892. He is a Director of the 
Eastern and S. African Telegraph Co., a 
member of the Council of the Union-Castle Mail 
Steamship Co., and Chairman of Mr. Chamber- 
lain's Tariff Commission. 

HOOD, Samuel J., of Lagos, W. Africa, 
started his career in the Gov. service at 
British Honduras ; was transferred to the Gold 
Coast as Supervisor of Customs in 1894 ; was 
Asst. Collector at Sierra Leone in 1901 ; became 
Asst. Comptroller of Customs of the Gold Coast 
Colony later in 1901, and in 1904 was appointed 
Collector of Customs at Lagos. 

JOHNSON, Edward Odlum, of Freetown, 
Sierra Leone, W. Africa, and of the Colonial and 
West Indian Clubs, was born at Montserrat, 
West Indies, Sept. 8, 1867, and is younger son 
of the late Dr. Burdett Johnson, of Montserrat. 
He educated at Harrison Coll., Barbados, and 
Epsom Coll., Eng., and entered the Colonial 
Service as 2nd Clerk in the Montserrat Treasury 
Dept. in 1884 ; promoted 1st Clerk, 1886 ; 1st 
Clerk, St. Kitts Treasm-y, 1891 ; 1st Revenue 
Officer, St.Kitts, 1895; Acting-Treasurer, St.Kitts, 
Nevis, 1897 ; Asst. Treasurer, Sierra Leone, 
1897 ; and Colonial Treasurer for that colony, 
Mar. 1899. Mr. Johnson is ex-officio Member 
of the Executive and Legislative Councils, and 
Member of the Education Board. He married, 
Mch. 31, 1902, Ida Mabel, dau. of late Fredk. 
S. Johnston, of Malo les Bains, France. 

LAMBTON, Rear- Admiral, C.B., entered 
the Royal Navy in 1870, and took part in the 
bombardment of Alexandria and the Egyptian 
War of 1882, receiving the medal and two clasps. 
In the early days of the late S. African War, 
Capt. Lambton (as his rank then was) landed a 
naval brigade of 280 men from the Pmverful 
at Durban, and proceeded to Ladysmith, where 
he arrived on Oct. 30, 1899, with two Maxims, 
four long naval 12-pounders, and two 45- 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

pounders, the popular conviction being that the 
timely arrival of these guns and the fine marks- 
manship displayed by his men saved Ladysmith 
from falling into the hands of the Boer forces. 
Admiral Lambton arrived back in England in 
May, 1900, and since 1901 has commanded the 
King's yacht. 

LAWLEY, Capt.Hon. Sib Aethub, K.C.M.G., 
of Pretoria, Transvaal ; Lieut. -Governor of 
the Transvaal Colony, was born in 1860, and 
was at one time in the 10th Hussars, and after- 
wards Priv. Secy, to the Duke of Westminster. 
From 1898 to 1901 he was Administrator of 
Matabeleland, and during his administration 
he earned golden opinions by the happy tact 
which he exercised between the Chartered Co. 
on the one part and the settlers on the other. 
The difficult questions of land tenure, native 
labotir and othe'* matters which were the subject 
of local agitation owed much to the attention 
which he gave to them, and to the care with 
which he endeavoured to reconcile conflicting 
differences of interest. In 1901-2 Sir Arthur 
Lawley acted as Governor of Western Australia, 
tind he was then appointed Lieut. -Governor 
of the Transvaal, where he arrived in Aug., 
1902. He married, in 1885, a dau. of Sir Ed. 
Cunard, Bart. 

LEWIS, Babnet, of Threadneedle House, 
Bishopsgate Street Within, London, was born 
at Neustadt, and is a younger brother of Mr. 
Isaac Lewis (q.v.), and a partner in the firm of 
Lewis & Marks, whose market interests it is 
his especial role to supervise. He is also a 
Director of the African and European Agency, 
East Rand Mining Estates, the Transvaal Farms 
and Finance Co., the Grootvlei Prospecting 
Synd., and the Vereeniging Estates, Ltd. He 
has an artistic temperament, and a fine collec- 
tion of pictiires. 

LEWIS, Isaac, of Befbm-y Park, Kent, and 
of Threadneedle House, Bishopsgate Street 
Within, E.C.' was born in Nevistadt in 1849, 
and went to S.A. in 1870, being one of 
the first to exploit the Kimberley diamond 
fields. He is head of the firm of Lewis & Marks 
(of London and Pretoria), which also includes 
in the partnership Samuel Marks and Barnet 
Lewis, brother of the subject of this sketch. 
In 1881 the firm began to acquire interests in 
the Transvaal, exploiting the mineral, indus- 
trial, and agricultural resources of that country, 
to the great material advantage of his firm 

and the shareholders whose interests they pro- 
tect. Mr. Lewis himself is Chairman in 
Johannesburg of the Vereeniging Estates, and 
is on the Boards of the East Rand Mining 
Estates, Grootvlei Prospecting Synd., Johan- 
nesburg Consolidated Investment Co., Johan- 
nesburg Waterworks, South Rand Exploration, 
Sheba G.M., Swaziland Corporation, Trans- 
vaal Estates and Development, Transvaal 
Farms and Finance Cos. He is also on the 
London Committees of the Great Eastern Col- 
lieries, SchuUer Diamond Mines, and the Trans- 
vaal Consolidated Coal Mines. Mr. Lewis likes 
to stand aloof from politics, but he and Mr. 
Marks have always stood well with Mr. Kriiger, 
who had a genuine partiality for them. 

LOIR, Db. a., of the Pasteur Institute, Paris, 
is a nephew of the late M. Pasteur, and in 1902 
established a laboratory at Bulawayo for the 
treatment of hydrophobia. 

LYNCH, "Colonel" Abthtjr Alpbed, is 
of Irish descent, and was born in Australia. 
After the S. African War broke out he 
swore allegiance to the S.A.R., and became 
a burgher of that State. ^He was appointed 
to the command of the Irish Brigade, fight- 
ing on the Boer side. He was elected M.P. 
for Galway in Jan. 1900. He subsequently 
took up his residence m Paris, describing him- 
self as a journalist. In connection with Col. 
Lynch's fighting in the Boer ranks, he came 
over to England voluntarily to answer to the 
charge of high treason, for which crime he was 
sentenced to death by Mr. Justice Wills on Jan. 
23, 1903. The sentence was immediately com- 
muted to penal servitude for life, but he was 
released after twelve months' imprisonment 
in Lewes Gaol. He is married. 

MARAIS, Petexjs Johajsostes, was born in 
the Cape Colony, and accumulated a consider- 
able fortmie by judicious investments in house 
property in Pretoria. He was the victim of a 
vitriol outrage in Mar. 1904, by his daughter- 
in-law, Mrs. Bellfield Marais, and her yotmg 
daughter, aged fifteen, by which Mr. Marais 
lost the sight of an eye. He is famiUarly known 
as " Long Piet," on account of his six feet five 
inches of stature. 

MOUNTMORRES, Viscount, was nominated 
by the " Globe " newspaper in 1904 to proceed 
to the Conge Free State to make a thoroughly 
independent inquiry into the alleged mal-ad- 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


ministration of the country. He will also act 
as correspondent of the " Globe." 

MOFFAT, Dr. Robert M., C.M.G., has been 
connected with East Africa and Uganda since 
1891, and accompanied the late Sir Gerald 
Portal's mission to Uganda in 1893. He sub- 
sequently entered the Medical Dept. in Uganda, 
and is now P.M.O. of the E. Africa and 
Uganda Protectorates. 

MOSELY, Sib Alfred, is a native of Bristol, 
and spent several years on the Kimberley dia- 
mond fields, where he amassed a considerable 
fortune. He received the C.M.G. for services 
in connection with the S.A. War, and was after- 
wards knighted in consideration of his patriotic 
endeavours to educate the British trader and 
worltman, to which end he sent out a commis- 
sion on an extensive tour to study American 
methods entirely at his own expense. He is 
strong advocate of free labour, and trade union- 
ism if properly directed, but opposes boycott and 
the restriction of output. 

PRICE, Robert John, M.P., has sat in 
Parliament since 1892, and is Liberal member 
for the East Norfolk Division. He is a barrister- 
at-law, a doctor (M.R.C.S.), and takes an active 
interest in many Rhodesian and Egyptian enter- 

REITZ, F. W. was formerly Pres. of the 
O.F.S., but succeeded Dr. Leyds (q.v. ) as State 
Attorney of the S.A.R. He was regarded in the 
Transvaal as having progressive tendencies, but 
was not sufficiently strong to influence the Presi- 
dent. After the S. African War Mr. Reitz joined 
the irreconcilables, and undertook a lecturing 
tour through America to raise fimds for the 
Boers. He denounced the British conduct of 
the war, and accused Mr. Chamberlain of bad 
faith in his interpretations of the peace terms, 
and his denunciations of England were so violent 
as to call forth remonstrances in the Continental 
pro-Boer Press. 

RODGER, John Pickersgill, C.M.G. , 
Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Gold 
Coast Colony, was previously for over twenty 
years in the Malay Native States, and served 
successively as British Resident of Sengalor, 
Pahang, and Perak. He received his present 
appointment in Oct. 1903. 

SALMON, Charles ; one of the early " deep 

level kings," went up to the Witwatersrand 
in the early days, where he engaged in business 
as a tailor. He, however, distinguished him- 
self by his belief in the deep levels long before 
their value was understood even by the leading 
mining magnates of the day. Holding on to 
his claims with a tenacity which neither the 
ridicule of experts nor the depression of the 
times affected, their immense worth was at last 
appreciated, and Mr. Salmon realized a large 
fortxine, which he now enjoys in retirement. 

SEYMOUR, Lord Henry, of Ragley HaU, 
near Alcester, is second son of the Marquis of 
Hertford, and served for 3|- years in S. A. in- 
cluding the S. African War. 

SOPER, William Garland, J.P., B.A., 
of Caterham, Surrey, and of 54, St. Mary Axe, 
London, E.C., was educated at St. Austell, 
Cornwall, and Cheshunt Coll., afterwards gra- 
duating B.A. with a first class at the Univ. 
of London. In 1859 he became a partner with 
his father-in-law, Mr. Davis, a S. African mer- 
chant. In 1865 Mr. Soper became sole member 
of the firm, whose interests he continued to 
direct for nearly a quarter of a century, when 
his son joined him in partnership, but the style 
of Davis & Soper is still retained. Mr. Garland 
Soper has been associated with some public 
enterprises of considerable importance, particu- 
larly the introduction of tramways into S. A., 
the city of Cape Town, and the Green Point line 
being the work of his firm, who are also the 
agents of the Cape Town municipality. Mr. 
Garland Soper is Chairman of the London 
Board of the Johannesburg Waterworks, Estate 
and Exploration Co., and a London Director 
of the Johannesburg Estate Co. He is an 
alderman of the Surrey County Council, and 
is J. P. for Surrey and also for the county of 
London. He is the oldest member of the 
Fruiterers' Co., and was for over eighteen years 
Chairman of the Caterham School Board. He 
is a Liberal-Unionist in politics, but although 
frequently asked to stand for Parliament he has 
invariably refused. 

STEWART, Sir Donald William, K.C.M.G., 
of Government House, Mombasa, was born in 
1860 ; is son of the late Field-Marshal Sir Donald 
Stewart, Bart., Governor of Chelsea Hospital, 
and younger brother of the present bart. Sir 
Donald was formerly capt. in the 2nd Batt. of 
the Gordon Highlanders, and fought in the 
Afghan War, receiving the star for the march 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

to Kandahar. He took part in the first Boer 
War ; was A.D.C. to his father when he was 
Commander-in-Chief in India, and served in 
the Egyptian Campaign in 1885 (medal, clasp, 
and star). He was political officer with the 
Ashanti Expedition in 1895-6 ; served with the 
Gold Coast Police ; became British Resident at 
Kumasi ; and in 1904 succeeded Sir Chas. Eliot 
as Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief in 
the E. African Protectorate. 

STRANGE, Hakold, of Johannesburg, is the 
chief Transvaal representative of the firm of 
Barnato Bros, and their Cos. He is Chair- 
man of the Transvaal Chamber of Mines, and 
sits on the Boards of numerous S. African 
mining and financial Cos. 

THOMSON, William, M.A., Registrar of the 
Univ. of the Cape of Good Hope, was 
appointed a Member of the Civil Service Com- 
mission of the Cape Colony in 1902. 

VILJOEN, Gen. Ben. J., is of French 
Huguenot extraction, and was born in 1860. 
He served through the early part of the 
S. African War, and was present at Elandslaagte, 
where two-thirds of the Boers were killed, 
wounded, or captured, he himself narrowly 
escaping. He also took part in the operations 
against Ladysixiith, and was present at Spion 
Kop. He was captured eventually, and sent 
to St. Helena. Ex-Gen. Viljoen is a genial 
character, a loyal friend, and a frank opponent. 
He was careful not to associate himself with the 
tour undertaken by the three Boer generals on 
the Continent after the termination of the war, 
but he came to England and lectured at Queen's 
Hall, and afterwards in the States. His book, 
" My Reminiscences of the Anglo-Boer War," 
is full of good reading, and throws a strong and 
unprejudiced light vipon the stirring events of 
the war period. In 1904 he took part in the 
St. Louis Exhibition, in connection with a dis- 
play reminiscent of episodes in the S. African 

VINCENT, Sir Edgab, M.P., of Esher Place, 
Esher, was originally in the Coldstream Guards, 
and afterwards went to Turkey to assist in the 
reorganization of the Ottoman Public Debt. 
He subsequently became Financial Adviser to 
the Egyptian Govt., and for seventeen years he 
worked hard with Lord Cromer (q.v.) to put 
the financial affairs of Egypt on a sound basis. 

WATHERSTON, Major A. E. G., formerly 
of the Survey Dept. of the Gold Coast Colony, 
where he was Chief Boundary Commissioner, 
was transferred to Egypt in 1904 for duty in the 
Survey Dept. there. 

WERNHER, Julius, of Bath House, Picca- 
dilly, London, was born in Darmstadt in 1850. 
Proceeding to S. A. he spent ten years in 
Kimberley, and became chxef partner of the 
great mining and financial firm of Wernher, 
Beit & Co. Mr. Wernher is in appearance and 
temperament the very antithesis of his partner, 
Mr. Alfred Beit (q.v.). He is physically strong 
and exceptionally tall, reflecting in his repose- 
ful look an apparent freedom from "nerves" 
and worries which few men with huge responsi- 
bilities enjoy, though he has rather felt the 
strain of the last few years. He is extremely 
level-headed, and is said to be the best judge of 
diamonds in London. He takes no active in- 
terest in politics, and may be shortly described 
as a plain merchant prince, sound in views, 
liberal in charities, and a popular host. 

WESTMINSTER, Duke of, acted as A.D.C. 
to Lord Milner (then Sir Alfred) at the age of 
twenty, taking part in the Bloemfontein Con- 
ference. He subsequently joined Lord Roberts' 
staff, and hoisted the British flag at Pretoria. 
The greater part of Belgravia is built upon the 
Duke's land, and about the year 1935, when 
many leases terminate, he will be one of the 
richest men in the country. He married in 
1900 Miss Cornwallis West — the result of a boy 
and girl betrothal. 

WILLOUGHBY, Sir John C, Bart., entered 
the Royal Horse Guards in 1890. He served 
through the first Matabele War as Military 
Adviser to the Administrator, and was seconded 
for service in the B.B.P. in May, 1895. He 
took command, with rank of Lieut.-Col., of Dr. 
Jameson's forces at the time of the Raid, for 
his connection with which he was sentenced to 
ten months' imprisonment, and allowed to re- 
tire from the Army. For several years he has 
been connected with the Partridge & Jarvis 
group of Rhodesian Cos., of many of w^hich 
he is a Director. 

YOUNG, James, of Krugersdorp, Transvaal ; 
formerly Acting Asst. R.M. at Johannesburg, 
was appointed Asst. R.M. for the Witwaters- 
rand District at Krugersdorp in 1904. j l/£ 



ABADIE, Captain George Howard Fan- 
SHAWE, C.M.G. (1902), formerly member of 
the Army and Navy and Bath Clubs, was second 
son of Major-Gen. H. R. Abadie, C.B., Lieut.- 
Govemor of Jersey, and was born in Aug. 
1873. He entered the 16th Lancers as a Second 
Lieut, in Mar. 1893, but resigned his com- 
mission in July 1897 Subsequently he ob- 
tained a commission in the African Frontier 
Force (Nov. 1897), serving during the opera- 
tions in Northern Nigeria from 1899-1902, 
and being several times mentioned in despatches. 
He became Capt. in June 1902, being specially 
promoted into the Manchester Regt. for his ser- 
vices in W. Africa. In 1901 he became second- 
class Resident at Zaria, in Northern Nigeria, an 
appointment which he held at the time of his 
death, from malignant fever, at Rano, on 
Feb. 11, 1904. 

AIVIYATT-BURNEY, Lieut. Cyril Amyatt 
Wise ; only son of the Rev. E. A. Amyatt-Bumey, 
of Babcary Rectory, Somerton was born in 1878 ; 
was educated at the Acad., Gosport, and served 
with the I.Y. in the late S.A. War, and later 
was attached to the S.A.C. He was invaUded 
home after two attacks of dysentery, and in 
the latter part of 1903 was appointed District 
Supt. of Police for the Bassa Province. He 
was killed while on active service in Northern 
Nigeria in 1904. 

BARTER, Charles, late of The Finish, 
Pietermaritzburg, Natal, where he died on 
June 7, 1904, was the eldest son of the Rev. 
Charles Barter, of Sarsden, Oxon, was edu- 
cated at Westminster, and was a Fellow of 
New Coll., Oxford. He first went to the Garden 
Colony on a flying visit in 1850. Two years 
later, however, he settled there permanently. 
In 1865 he became a member of the Natal 
Legislative Council, and for years sturdily sup- 
ported the movement for responsible govern- 

ment in the face of considerable opposition. 
In 1873 he received the command of the Natal 
Carbineers, and with over a hundred men 
accompanied Sir Theophilus Shepstone on his 
coronation visit to the Zulu chief, Cetywayo. 
Mr. Barter edited the "Natal Times" for 
some years, and afterwards became Magistrate 
at Inanda and at Pietermaritzburg (1880). 
He was an experienced farmer, a thorough 
sportsman, and died at the ripe age of S3. 

BOTHA, Commandant Christian, who died 
at Kokstad, S.A., Oct. 28, 1902, was a 
younger brother of Gen. Loms Botha, and it 
was he who during the late S.A. War met Gen. 
Buller, after the Transvaal forces had been 
driven from Natal, with a view to negotiations 
for sxirrender. 

BOWDEN-SMITH, Lieut. Charles Henry, 
late of the Hampshire Regt., entered the Army 
Feb. 20, 1897, and received his first step Mar. 
8, 1899. He served in the Somah Field Force 
in 1903-4, and was killed in action against the 
dervishes in Jan. 1904. 

COHEN, Harry Freeman, late of Johannes- 
bm-g, formerly hved at Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
and afterwards at Cardiff, where he was in- 
terested in the coal and shipping business, and 
in 1888 went to S.A., proceeding in the 
early days to Johaimesburg where he became 
Chairman and Managing Director of Freeman 
Cohen's Consolidated, Chairman in Johannes- 
burg of the Bantjes Deep, Geldenhuis Main 
Reef, Potchefstroom Exploration, Rand Col- 
lieries, and South Village Deep Cos., and a 
Director of the Anglian Mining and Finance, 
Durban Roodepoort Deep, Langlaagte Block 
B. Deep, Roodepoort Central Deep, South 
Randfontein Deep, and the Treasury Gold 
Mines. Mr. Cohen's Co., the Freeman Cohen's 
Consolidated, guaranteed a quarter of a million 



Anglo- African Who's Who 

of the Transvaal Contribution Loan. He had 
an immense faith in the deep levels, and was 
one of the first to acquire large blocks of these. 
Although not mixing in politics he founded the 
" Rand Daily Mail," but soon abandoned 
journalism. He died on Jan. 24, 1904, at the 
age of 49, leaving a widow and four children. 

COILLARD, M., the oldest missionary in 
Rhodesia, has died during the year. The 
news of his death there was received with 
regret — not only by those who had the privilege 
of his acquaintance, but also by those who 
knew him by the good deeds he wrought and 
the kindly sympathy he showed to the wanderer 
irrespective of creed. In M. Alfred Bertrand's 
work, " The Kingdom of the Barotsi," the 
author points out that he adopted therein the 
rules proposed by M. Coillard " a high 
authority on the matter " — concerning the ortho- 
graphy of the names of the various territories and 
tribes found in the kingdom of ba-Rotsi. He 
also speaks of his arrival at the missionary 
station of Sefula, which is built on the summit 
of a hillock. " It was founded by M. Coillard 
in 1886, and here is the tomb of Madame Coil- 
lard, the faitliful and intrepid companion of 
this heroic missionary." M. Coillard, he adds, 
exerted a great influence over Lewanika, the 
Barotsi chief, and was mainly instrumental in 
putting down the " terrible ordeal by boiling 
water " which those had to imdergo who were 
accused of casting evil spells over their fellows. 

DEGACHER, Major-Gen. Henry James, 
C.B., was born in 1835, and entered the Army 
at the age of 20. He served in the Kafir War 
of 1877-78, and took part in the operations 
against the Galekas and in the attack on the 
Taba ka Udoda, being twice mentioned in 
despatches. He also served in the Zulu War of 
1879, and received the C.B. for his services. 
He became Col. of the South Wales Borderers 
in 1900, and was appointed Major-Gen. in 1901. 
He died on Nov. 26, 1902. 

DE JONG, Frank, who died recently at 
Teneriffe, was a son of Edward de Jong, of 
Manchester, who is still one of the world's 
greatest flautists. The late Mr. Frank de Jong 
was in his 42nd year, and although he had 
only been associated with S.A. for a dozen 
years or so, he had earned a world-wide reputa- 
tion as a theatrical manager and lessee who 
was responsible for some of the best companies 

that ever visited S.A. He had been for many 
years lessee of the Opera House, Cape Town. 

DOOMS, AuGUSTE, fii-st non-commissioned 
officer of the Force Publique and chief of the 
Bongo (Upper Congo) Station, died at M'Bale 
under tragic circumstances. On May 2, 1904, 
Mr. Dooms left M'Bale, whither he had gone 
on a mission, in order to regain his post at 
Bongo, in a canoe on the river Olongo-Lule. 
On the way he was attacked by a tornado, which 
forced him to take refuge on the bank, and 
when he went on again it was akeady late. 
Night began to fall as he approached the mouth 
of the river Olongo-Lule. He saw some hippo- 
potami and gave chase to them. He killed 
one, but a second hippo grew enraged, rushed 
at the canoe, overturned it, and smashed it to 
pieces. Everyone in the canoe was saved with 
the exception of Mr. Dooms, who did not come 
to the surface again, and was drowned in spite 
of the efforts of the others, who were all good 
swimmers and divers. 

DORFFEL, D., late of Johamiesbm'g, where 
he died in May 1904, was born in Saxony in 
1857, and devoted the whole of liis too short 
career to scientific and technical pursuits. He 
went to S.A. in 1895, and joined the staff of 
Henderson's Transvaal Estates, with which 
Company he remained up to his death. He 
occupied a prominent position amongst local 
scientists, and was on the Council of the Geolo- 
gical Society. 

DUCHESNE-FOURNET, Charles, son of 
the Senator of the Calvados, died Jan., 1904, in 
Abyssinia at the age of 29. He was Knight of 
the Legion of Honour, and at the early age 
of twenty-seven had made several scientific 
expeditions into Abyssinia, where he had ren- 
dered signal services in the construction of the 
Harrar railroad. 

GILL, Professor James, who died in the 
Cape Colony in 1904, aged 71, was educated at 
Christ's Hospital and at Pembroke Coll., Cam- 
bridge. For many years he was engaged in 
educational work, and taught on the classical 
side of the Graaff Reinet, Diocesan, and South 
African Colls. He retired into private life 
several years ago, acquiring a large piece of 
land on the mountain side at Muizenberg, in 
the affairs of which he always took a keen inter- 
est, whilst any movement having for its aim the 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


advance of education invariably found in him 
a staunch supporter. 

GORDON, Fredeeick, was the well-laiown 
Chairman of the Gordon Hotels, Limited, and 
Director of other important Cos. Mr. 
Frederick Gordon's death removed a notable 
man from commercial and financial circles. 
The enterprise with which his name is most 
naturally identified is the huge combine known 
as the Gordon Hotels, of which he was Chairman. 
Closely allied, although the imdertakings are 
distinct, is the Frederick Hotels, Ltd., from 
the equipment of which the firm of Maple & 
Co., Ltd., has drawn so much business. Mr. 
Gordon, besides being a Director of Maple's, 
was a great personal friend and financial asso- 
ciate of the late Sir John Blundell Maple, and 
together they represented the original monetary 
strength behind the group of West African 
mining Cos. of which the Ashanti Gold- 
fields Corporation is the chief. Holborn & 
Frascati, Ltd., of which Mr. Gordon was Chair- 
man, was a promotion of his, quite apart from 
his other hotel interests. He was on the board 
of such important industrial Cos. as Bovril, 
Ltd., A. & F. Pears, Ltd., and Apollinaris & 
Johannis, Ltd. Recently he became a Director 
of the big English steel combine of Guest, Keen 
& Nettlefolds, Ltd. 

GOXJGH, CoL. Bloomfield, late of the 9th 
Lancers, who was killed in a carriage accident 
in July, 1904, had a notable military career. 
He fought in the Afghan War of 1878-80, 
taking part in Lord Roberts' famous march to 
Kandahar, and in the first part of the last 
S.A. War, in which the incident occurred 
which resvilted in his retirenfient from the 
service. During Lord Methuen's advance, just 
before the action at Graspan, he refused to go 
forward on the grounds that his men and horses 
were too exhausted for further duty. As a 
result of his protest he was recalled to England, 
was refused a court-martial, although his per- 
sonal courage was never disputed, and his re- 
tirement followed. 

HAMILTON, Francis Joseph Carroll, 
took up a commission in the Cape Colonial 
Forces in 1874. He served as a Capt. in the 
Gaika-Galeka War, and was the chief colonial 
Staff Oificer sent to King Williamstown to meet 
Gen. Clark, at the commencement of the Basuto 
War, through which he served in command of a 
troop of Lonsdale's Horse, receiving a medal and 

clasp. While in King Williamstown he was 
largely instrumental in re-forming the local 
veterans into what are now the Kaffrarian 
Rifles. He died at Maritzburg in 1902, after a 
long and painful illness, at the age of 70. 

HARPER, Capt, E. Moore, served in the 
Ashanti Expedition of 1873-74, and in the Perak 
Expedition. He also took part in the Basuto, 
Zulu, and Boer campaigns. While employed 
in the Congo Free State from 1883 to 1888, he 
received the Orders of the Congo Star and the 
Leopold. He entered the service of the Niger 
Company in 1886, organized the civil police, 
and acted for a time as chief magistrate. He 
consequently held several Consular positions in 
W. Africa, and died at Plymouth, Sept. 20, 

HARRISON, Major Esme Stuart Erskine, 
D.S.O., son of the late Gen. Broadley Harrison, 
of Kynaston, Ross, Herefordshire, was bom in 
Sept. 1864, and entered the Army as a Lieut, 
in the 11th Hussars in 1885. He served in the 
last Boer War, being twice mentioned in des- 
patches by Sir Redvers Buller, and received 
the D.S.O. for his services. He died suddenly 
dvu-ing a polo game at Cairo on Nov. 1, 1902. 

KRiJGER, Stephanus Johannes Paulus, 
ex-Pres. of the S.A. Republic, a summary of 
whose career appears on pp. 96-100, had been 
in bad health for several months, when on 
July 14, 1904, he expired at his villa at Clarens, 
Switzerland, death being due to senile decay, 
hastened by an attack of pneumonia. For 
three months the ex-Pres. had been only kept 
alive by continuous massage. But at last he 
felt the end coming. Five days before his 
death, he took to his bed and Bible, and sur- 
rounded by relatives and friends he bade them 
all farewell, a Dutch pastor administering 
the sacrament. Two days later he breathed 
his last. He had previously made a piteous 
but ineffectual appeal to the British Govt, 
to be allowed to end his days in the Transvaal. 
But his desire to be bui'ied in Pretoria by the 
side of his wife met with a ready acquiescence 
from the Govt. It is curious that the British 
Minister through whom his last appeal was 
made was Sir W. Conyngham Greene (q.v.), 
who received from Mr. Kriiger, under far 
different circimastances, the ultimatiun of the 
Transvaal Govt, before the great Boer War. 

LAURENT, the well-known savant and 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

botanist, died at sea on board the Albert- 
ville from malaria. When the news of the 
death became known the passengers were filled 
with consternation. Mr. Fuchs, the Vice- 
Governor of the Congo, and M. Sparrow, the 
capt. of the Alhertinlle, established the fact 
of the death and transacted the legal formalities. 

LISTER, Capt. Hon. T., D.S.O., late of the 
10th Hussars, was the heir of Lord Ribblesdale, 
and entered the Army in 1879, and served in 
the S.A. War, taking part in the relief of Kim- 
berley and actions on the march to Bloemfon- 
tein, receiving the D.S.O., and the Queen's 
medal with six clasps. I-n 1903-4 Capt. Lister 
served under Gen. Egerton in the Somali Field 
Force as special service officer, and was killed 
at Jidballi in Jan., 1904, in his 26th year. 

LOVEJOY, Capt., who was one of the 
youngest captains in command of the Congo 
steamers, died from fever early last May. He 
was 28 years of age, and his death was greatly 
regretted in the Belgian Colonial service. 

LUCAS, William Tyitdall, who died at 
Albany, C.C, in 1902, aged 70, was the son of an 
English settler of 1820. At the age of seventeen 
the deceased gentleman fought with the 
Grahamstown Volunteers in the Kafir War of 
1848, and in the campaign of 1856-58 he 
served as an officer in Sir W^ alter Currie's police, 
being severely wounded. He married a dau. 
of Gen. Bissett. 

O'RIORDAN, Capt. Daniel Patrick O' Con- 
NELL, of the Antrim Artillery, who was killed 
in 1904 in the operations against the Aga- 
popo tribes at Lakoja, in Northern Nigeria, was 
in his 35th year, and was the eldest son of 
Daniel O'Connell O'Riordan, an eminent Q.C. 
of the Irish Bar. The deceased officer was a 
Gold Medallist of Trinity Coll., Dublin, and 
had served for five years in Southern Nigeria 
under Sir Ralph Moore before being transferred 
in Oct. 1903, to perform f duties under Sir 
Frederick Lugard which have brought such a 
tragic close to a promising career. 

PAULING, Harold, Assoc. M. Inst, C.E., 
late of Rondebosch, C.C, died last June 
from peritonitis. The deceased gentleman 
was a son of Mr. Henry Pauling, late chief 
engineer of the Cape Govt. Railways, and a 
cousin of Mr. Geo. Pauling, of Victoria Street,S. W. 
He was born at the Cape some thirty-nine years 

ago ; commenced his professional career as a 
Govt, civil engineer, and then devoted his 
abilities to railway construction and contract- 
ing. He was practically the principal of Pauling 
& Co. in S.A., and imder his direction some 
2,000 miles of railway have been constructed 
in Cape Colony and Rhodesia. Mr. Pauling 
was to have left Cape Town for the north for 
the purpose of formally handing over the 
line to the Rhodesian Railway Co. Few 
men had more friends, or have been more 
generally respected. 

PEACH, Major Edmund (Indian Staff 
Corps) ; served with the Burmese Expedition 
from 1885 to 1887, and was wounded in the 
course of the operations. In 1897-8 he took 
part in the Tirah Expedition. He was selected 
for special service with the Rhodesian Field 
Force in March, 1900, and took part in the 
operations in Rhodesia in Maj--, and in the 
Western Transvaal from July to Nov., including 
the actions at Eland's River in Aug. He also 
served in the O.R.C.,and the northern part of 
Cape Colony. He was mentioned in despatches 
and obtained brevet of Major dated Nov. 29, 1900, 
receiving the medal with three clasps. In Feb., 
1902, he resumed the position of Deputy -Asst. 
Quartermaster-Gen. at the Headquarters of the 
Army in India. Maj. Peach was a qualified 
interpreter in Russian, and was also acquainted 
with French, Hindustani, and Persian. He 
wrote the history of the Burmah War for the 
" Encyclopsedia Britannica," and published a 
work on " Tactics : Savage Warfare." He died 
in London, Dec. 17, 1902, at the age of 37. 

PRINSLOO, Gen., was a native of the 
O.F.S., and his name will live in S.A. history 
as the only Boer General besides Cronje who 
surrendered with a large force to the British. 
With Comdt. Olivier he had about 5,500 mounted 
men and eight guns, and in July 1901 was 
in the neighboiu-hood of Bethlehem. Gen. 
Hunter had charge of the operations against 
this force, and with the aid of columns under 
Gens. Rundie, Clements, Paget, MacDonald, 
and Bruce Hamilton, he nursed the Boers 
to the south of Bethlehem, and eventually 
rounded them up in the Brandwater Basin, 
where Gen. Prinsloo siirrendered on July 30 
vinconditionally, but Olivier declijied to be 
bound by the action of his superior, and broke 
away with 1,500 men 'and five guns. There 
had been considerable friction in the Boer 
camp, and in Gen. De Wet's book, " Three 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


Years' War," a strong attack is made upon 
Prinsloo, whose right to command the force was 
disputed, because of irregularities in his election 
in the field, and whose stxrrender was attributed 
to treachery. Gen. Prinsloo was the most 
important of the " hands-uppers." and his 
conduct in making the surrender — though 
the circumstances were, in a military sense, such 
as afforded him no reasonable alternative — 
drew down upon him the detestation of the 
extreme section of his countrymen. 

RHODES, Right Hon. Cecil John, P.C, 
late of Groot Schuur, near Capt Town, came 
from a stock which records sonae two hundred 
years old state to have belonged to the yeoman 
class. The first of Mr. Rhodes' ancestors who 
can be traced with any certainty was a man 
of some substance flourisliing at the beginning 
of the eighteenth century. He acquired an 
estate in Bloomsbury, where he had consider- 
able flocks. By the time the late Cecil Rhodes' 
grandfather appeared on the scene the family 
had already attained to a prosperous position. 
Samuel Rhodes, great-grandfather of the great 
Englishman whose death has left so serious 
a void, founded two county families in the 
persons of his sons Thomas and William. 
William Rhodes was succeeded in his estate by 
his son, the Rev. Francis William Rhodes, 
Vicar of Bishop's Stortford, Herts, and Cecil 
John Rhodes was born at the Vicarage on 
July 5, 1853, within a couple of years of the 
time when the Transvaal State was accorded 
its full independence under the Sand River 
Convention, and a few months after the British 
Govt, decided to abandon the sovereignty of 
the O.F.S. For eight years he attended the 
Bishop's Stortford Grammar School, pursuing 
his studies with that diligence and dogged deter- 
mination which was one of his most striking 
characteristics, and, in spite of some physical 
weakness, taking part in field sports. He left 
school at the end of 1869, and shortly afterwards 
developed a serious lung affection, which was 
responsible for Mr. Rhodes taking a long sea trip 
to S.A. On Sept. 1, 1870, three years after the 
discovery of the first diamond, which led to the 
opening up of the Diamond Fields, in the subse- 
quent exploitation of which he was destined to 
play such an important part, he landed at Durban, 
Natal, and joined his eldest brother Herbert, 
who was a cotton-planter in the southern part 
of the Colony. Here, thanks to the favourable 
climatic influences, before many months had 
passed he was restored to health and vigour. 

Having tired of the prosaic life of cotton- 
planting, the elder brother in 1871 went to 
the Diamond Fields, where he engaged in 
the more exciting occupation of diamond - 
digging, and a few months later Cecil Rhodes 
journeyed to Kimberley for the purpose of seek- 
ing his fortmie in the same industry. The 
brothers worked a claim between them for a 
time, when, in 1874, Herbert left the Diamond 
Fields on a hunting and exploring expedition 
in the interior, in the course of which he met 
with an untimely and terrible death, near the 
Shire River, through the burning of his hut 
during the night. 

Between the years 1873 and 1881 Mr. Rhodes 
was very successful on the diamond diggings, 
and it was during that period that he laid the 
foimdation of the great wealth he subsequently 
acquired and so liberally spent for the purpose 
of promoting and carrying out those schemes 
of Imperial expansion which have made bis 
name a household word even to the most 
distant parts of the Empire. But Mr. Rhodes 
was more than a diamond digger. With one 
eye on his work and the other on his books he 
managed to complete that education which had 
been begun at Bishop's Stortford, and from 
1873 to 1881 he put in a portion of each year 
at Oriel Coll., Oxon, where he graduated B.A. 
and M.A., and where he became acquainted 
with Mr. Rochfort Maguire, who subsequently 
became associated with his political and com- 
mercial enterprises. At the same tim.e he 
stored up that intimate knowledge of Colonial 
politics and questions affecting British interests 
in S.A., which in later years proved to be of 
such immense practical value to him. 

When he first began to take an interest in 
S.A. polities Mr. Rhodes recognized the im- 
portance of British expansion northwards, and 
of the eventual federation of the various 
Colonies and States in S.A., and he determined 
to devote his powers and his energies to the 
attainment of those objects. Influences were 
at work, the aim of which was practically to 
confine Great Britain in S.A. to Cape Colony 
and Natal ; and it was in the hope of being 
able to circumvent the enemies of his country, 
and to secure the lion's share of Africa for the 
British, that Mr. Rhodes resolved to attain such 
a position as would enable him to carry out his 
aims. For this not only parliamentary power 
was necessary but, what was even more 
important, great wealth. Fortune, in the early 
days in Kimberley, had smiled somewhat 
liberally upon him, and he was making money 


Anglo- African Who's Who 

and building up a reputation as a young man 
possessed of more than ordinary foresight and 
ability, when, in the latter part of 1880, he 
was elected to represent the district of Barkly 
West in the House of Assembly. He con- 
tinued to represent Barkly West to the day 
of his death, the large majority of the electors, 
in spite of strenuous opposition and misrepre- 
sentation at election times, loyally supporting 
their distingviished member, in whom they 
took more than an ordinary interest. After 
the death of his brother in 1877 Mr. Rhodes 
entered into partnership with Mr. C. D. Rudd 
(q.v.), who, like himself, had gone out to S.A. 
in search of health as well as fortune. In 
addition to working hard in their diamond claims 
and carrying on their business as diamond 
merchants, the partners engaged in a variety 
of schemes, nothing coming amiss which pro- 
mised a profit. About the same time Mr. 
Rhodes formed that friendship with Dr. Jame- 
son which was destined to have such remarkable 
consequences. In those earlier years of schem- 
ing and money getting Mr. Rhodes never lost 
sight of the idea of northern expansion, and 
his friends Icnew how intensely he longed to 
see the British flag carried forward to the 
Zambesi. His principal confidant in politics 
seems to have been Dr. Jameson (q.v.), and 
while these two were discussing this question 
of British Expansion in Africa, the late Mr. 
Kriiger was dreaming dreams of an equally 
ambitious nature. There were thus two pro- 
minent expansionists in S.A. in those early 
days — the one aiming at seciaring the hinterland 
for Great Britain, and the other seeking to 
extend the Boer flag as far as the Zambesi. 
Very early in his political career, therefore, 
Mr. Rhodes realized that he was confronted 
with considerable difficulties, as the Cape 
Dutch strongly sympathized wath the aspirations 
of the Boers of the north, and he recognized 
that extreme caution was necessary, and that 
particularly he would have to show the Cape 
Dutch that their self-interest was being served 
by supporting his efforts at expansion. 

Mr. Rhodes took his seat in the Cape Legisla- 
tive Assembly in 1881, and he was soon re- 
cognized as a man of extraordinary promise 
who was destined to attain a high place amongst 
S.A. politicians. His maiden speech was against 
the proposal to disarm the Basutos, and it 
was while serving as a member of a commission 
to compensate the natives of that country 
who had not taken up arms against the Cape 
of Good Hope that Mr. Rhodes formed that 

friendship with Gen. Gordon which endured 
until the latter' s death. One of the first im- 
portant occasions in which Mr. Rhodes pitted 
himself against the ex-Pres. of the S.A.R. was 
in connection with the Stellaland Commission 
of which he (Mr. Rhodes) was a member. A 
number of Transvaal adventurers had set vip 
some small republics in parts of Bechuanaland, 
more or less with the connivance of Mr. Kriiger, 
with the intention of barring British progress 
northwards, and expanding the border of 
the Transvaal in a westerly direction. This 
was the interpretation which Mr. Rhodes 
placed upon the presence of the freebooting 
Boers in Stellaland, and Goshen, and subsequent 
events showed that he was right. After much 
negotiation, the freebooters were cleared out 
by a bloodless expedition under Sir Charles 
Warren, and the first step in the direction of 
northern expansion was gained. This helped 
to bring the question of a Protectorate over 
Bechuanaland to an acute stage, Mr. Rhodes 
being assisted in this by precipitate action on 
the part of Germany. The ambition of that 
Power to obtain a foothold in S.A. — an ambi- 
tion foreshadowing a possible German-Boer 
alliance — stirred the Colonial Office into activity. 
The Protectorate was authorized at the time 
when the London Convention of 1884 had 
been granted to the Transvaal, and mainly at 
the instance of Mr. Rhodes ; but it was almost 
too late. Mr. Kriiger boldly annexed Montsoia's 
country. The Imperial Government, however, 
refused to recognize this action, the boundaries 
of the Republic having been fixed by the new 
Convention, and demanded the withdrawal 
of the proclamation. To strengthen the demand 
Sir Charles Warren's troops were moved north- 
wards, and Mr. Kriiger was immediately brought 
to his bearings. He came to Fourteen Streams 
to discuss matters with Sir Charles Warren and 
Mr. Rhodes. 

Mr. Rhodes' share in clearing the Boers out 
of Bechuanaland directed attention to his 
expansion scheme, and the ideas which in- 
fluenced his conduct in this affair were set forth 
in one of his speeches at the time. He said : 
" Do you think that if the Transvaal had 
Bechuanaland it would be allowed to keep it ? 
Would not Bismarck have some quarrel with the 
Transvaal, and without resources (financial 
collapse in Pretoria was then imminent), 
without men, what could they do ? Germany 
would come across from her settlement at Angra 
Pequena. There would be some excuse to pick 
a quarrel — some question of brandy, or guns. 

Anglo -African Who's Who 


or something — and then Gerixia,ny would stretch 
from Angra Pequeiia to Delagoa Bay. 1 
was never more satisfied with my own views 
than when I saw the recent development of 
the policy of Germany, What was the bar 
in Germany's way ? Bechuanaland. What 
was the use to her of a few sand heaps at Angra 
Pequena ? And what was the use of the arid 
deserts between Angra Pequeiia and the interior 
with this English and Colonial bar between 
her and the Transvaal ? If we were to stop 
at Griqualand West, the ambitious objects 
of Germany would be attained." Bechuanaland 
was, in fact, the key to the question of British 
supremacy in S.A., and, Mr. Kriiger having been 
defeated in his endeavours to extend the borders 
of his Repubhc, and Germany's ambition for 
empire in Africa having been curtailed, the road 
was opened for the northern expansion, which 
had for years been Mr. Rhodes' high ideal. 
In pursuing his policy he did not lose sight 
of the fact that he could only be successful 
by having the co-operation of the Dutch in 
Cape Colony, and by cultivating good political 
relations with the Transvaal ; but although 
the Bond was all powerful, he resolutely re- 
fused to work in subservience to it. He never 
for a moment turned aside from his plan of 
extending the Empire to the north, and of 
establishing a United South Africa under the 
British flag ; but this could only be done by 
welding the two white races together, by sink- 
ing all differences, so that the native question 
might be dealt with independently of the friction 
between Dutch and British, and on vmiform 
principles throughout the States of S.A. The 
part Mr. Rhodes played in checkmating Kriiger' s 
designs in Bechuanaland was his first con- 
spicuous service to the Empire ; it was the 
first of a long series of splendid siiccesses in a 
direction which continued without intermission 
down to that date at the end of 1895, when his 
direct power for usefulness was checked by 
the fact that he associated himself with the 
movement for the relief of the Uitlanders which 
resulted in failure. 

Mr. Rhodes first attained Cabinet rank on 
March 20, 1884, when he joined Sir Thomas 
Scanlan's Ministry as Treasxarer of the Cape 
Colony. Tliis Cabinet, however only lasted 
until May 12 of the same year. On July 17, 
1890, he became Premier and Commissioner of 
Crown Lands and Public W^orks. He relin- 
quished that portfolio on Sept. 23, 1890, but 
retained the premiership until May 3, 1893, 
when he formed his second Ministry without 

portfolio. This lasted until Jan. 12, 189G, when 
the raid made his resignation necessary. 

The success which attended Mr. Rhodes' 
efforts to bar the ambition of Mr. Kxiiger 
to draw a cordon across the British advance to 
the northwards spurred him to continue in 
the path he had marked out for himself, and 
strengthened his resolve to keep open the road 
for the Empire. It was not only the Dutch 
he had to fear ; Germany had shown that, 
given a favourable opportiuiity, she would 
swoop down upon Mashonaland and Matabeleland. 
At that time the mineral resources of these 
countries were not suspected. The desire 
of the ultra-Colonial party at Berlin to possess 
themselves of this territory was largely due to 
those ulterior motives Mr. Rhodes so clearly 
foreshadowed in the speech already quoted. 
All the time he was bending his energies to 
acquire money he was thinking of the main 
purposes for which he desired it, and maturing 
his schemes for bringing those purposes to 
matiirity. It would occupy too much space to 
attempt to give here the history of aU the 
movements which led up to the occupation of 
Lobengula's territory. Suffice it to say he 
succeeded in checkmating the designs both 
of Mr. Kriiger and his satellites and of the 
powerful Berlin Syndicate, secretly backed 
by a great firm of German bankers. He de 
cided upon applying British red to that portion 
of the S.A. map lying between the Limpopo 
on the south, Lake Tanganyika on the north, 
and the Portuguese possessions on the east and 

Meantime, however, a similar idea had oc- 
curred to Mr. George Cawston (q.v.). A few 
months later, Mr. Rhodes induced Mr. C. D. 
Rudd (q.v.) to make a jottrney to Bulawayo, 
with the object of obtaining a concession over 
those regions ruled by Lobengula. In this he 
was successful, and obtained from the Matabele 
chief a concession embracing the whole of 
Matabeleland and Mashonaland. Subsequent 
treaties with other native chieftains, and 
absorption of other concessions, increased this 
area to about 750,000 square miles. The 
romantic story of the occupation of Mashona- 
land by Major Johnson's Pioneer Force, guided 
by Mr. Selous (q.v.), is too famiUar to need 
repetition here. The terrible privations en- 
dured by the settlers in the new country have 
been referred to in the lives of Dr. Jameson 
(q.v.) and Major Frank Johnson (q.v.). But 
the "African Review" has recorded how, in 
the face of much discouragement and great 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

difficulties, the gold districts were opened up, 
townships were built, agriculture was initiated, 
and law and order established in a land which 
had been made hideous during the preceding 
half century by scenes of Matabele rapine and 
bloodshed. In the settlement of Rhodesia, 
Mr. Rhodes carried the Cape Dutch with him, 
at all events in a large measure. He had pre- 
viously conciliated them. He had shown him- 
self in the Cape Parliament extremely mindful 
of the interests of the Dutch farmers. It took 
him a considerable time to bring the Dutch to 
his side, but he succeeded in the end. 

Having gained the concession from Loben- 
gula, the next step — procuring a charter from 
the Imperial Govt. — was fraught with 
considerable difficulties ; but twenty months 
after the original concession was granted, the 
cliarter of the British S.A. Co. came into exist- 
ence. Then followed a period of active 
pioneering ; the settlers, when the pioneer force 
was disbanded, spread themselves all over the 
land. However, the greater difficulties were 
still to come. The Matabele War of 1893 was 
a small matter compared with the rebellion of 
1896. But the way in which Mr. Rhodes 
grasped the fact that the game of war was not 
worth the candle, and, recognising this, the 
readiness with which he completely changed 
his plan from fighting to " dealing" are telling 
examples of his resoiu'cefulness and judgment. 
The plucky way in which he went unarmed into 
the Matoppo Hills to treat with the indunas will 
ever be a subject of admiration to the Anglo- 
Saxon race. Mr. Rhodes' next move was the 
acquisition of Barotseland, which was another 
step in the direction of hemming in the Trans- 
vaal with British territory, and keeping open 
the northern rovxte for the great Cape to Cairo 
Railway, which, it was his aim, should run 
through all British country. The Afrikander 
Bond tried to make a condition of their sup- 
port the stipulation that any further extension 
northwards should be by the way of the railway 
from the Cape through the Boer Republics. 
But it was not in Rhodes' scheme of things to 
give these Republics the control of the interior 
trade. Presently he got the line extended as 
far as Mafeking. The Bechuanaland Railway 
Co. was formed, and, notwithstanding all the 
obstacles presented by the Matabele Rebellion 
and the rinderpest, Bulawayo was reached in 
due season. Concurrently telegraphic com- 
munication was pushed on, going in front as 
the harbinger of the railway. AH manner of 
evil predictions were adventured, but none of 

these prophecies have been fulfilled. In con- 
structing the telegraph line Mr. Rhodes' chief 
concern was to make it the advance guard of 
the railway, that great linking agency between 
man and man of modern civilization ; but he 
also had an eye to the fact that as a commercial 
enterprise it would prove an extremely re- 
munerative affair. In the prosecution of this 
work, Sir Charles Metcalfe rendered Mr. Rhodes 
effective service. It may be said here paren- 
thetically that Mr. Rhodes had to the full that 
peculiar instinct which enabled him to choose 
his friends and co-workers with unerring judg- 
ment, and that his magnificent successes are 
as much due to this faculty as to any other 
cause. He was not destined to see the accom- 
plishment of this great scheme, the Cape to 
Cairo Railway ; biit he lived long enough to be 
assured that he left it in hands which might be 
counted \ipon to bring it to a successful issue. 
The greatest difficulty Mr. Rhodes had to con- 
tend with in the prosecution of this great design 
confronted him when he foimd that in the 
various international arrangements made with 
Belgium and Germany the British Govt, 
failed to make provision — at whatever cost, it 
should have been made — for the retention or 
acquisition by Great Britain of a strip of terri- 
tory, however slender, which would connect 
her possessions in Central Africa with the 
territory under her protection in North Africa. 
In order to get over this obstacle, Mr. Rhodes 
came to an arrangement with the authorities 
of the Congo Free State ; but, to make assur- 
ance doubly sure, he sought and was accorded 
an interview with the Kaiser, and so impressed 
the German Emperor with the soundness of 
his case that, while guarding to the full all 
German interests and rights, he gave Mr. 
Rhodes permission to carry his line through 
German territory. 

There are innumerable aspects of the varied 
and complex personality of the subject of this 
memoir which it is impossible to deal with at 
length. It would, in fact, be interesting to 
follow Mr. Rhodes' career as a Cape Colonial, 
in contradistinction to an Imperial, politician ; 
but obviously the only part of his career which 
has any particular general interest outside 
narrow limits, seeing that such details are quite 
luiinteresting as concerning the giants of the 
Imperial Parliament, is that part of it which 
has to do with those great Imperial problems 
which temporarily were localized in Cape 
Colony. It may be noted, however, that his 
policy was to disarm effective opposition, by 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


splitting his opponents into groups when he 
could not convert them to his views. By hook 
or by crook he eliminated his political enemies. 
Indeed, he achieved some success, employing 
similar tactics, in regard to the statesmen and 
politicians of the Old Country. Eminently 
practical in all that he did, he bent himself to 
the task of conciliating the Dutch, and 
endeavouring to bring them to a sound ap- 
preciation of their own interests. Witness the 
Scab Act, which afterwards, vitiated by per- 
missive clauses, has failed to exercise the 
beneficent influence it would have exercised 
but for those later amendments. The pro- 
visions of the Scab Act in its purity would have 
saved the Dutch and English farmers — and as 
the farmers are mostly Dutch, this was a 
measure especially concerning the Afrikanders 
— from the cruel loss which the prevalence of 
disease among the sheep of the country inflicted 
upon them. Then, as regards the natives, Mr. 
Rhodes approached them with sympathy shorn 
of sentimentality. The Glen Grey Act, a 
masterpiece of constructive statesmanship, 
though primarily designed — that is to say, on 
the face of it — in the interests of the white 
settlers, and especially the employers of labour, 
w^as really a measure pregnant with happy 
auguries for the natives themselves. If the 
natives continue to increase and multiply in 
idleness in their kraals, discontent must in- 
evitably result, and discontent must breed the 
poison of sedition and rebellion. In the rup- 
ture between whites and blacks which would 
inevitably follow, the blacks would be the 
greater and the final sufferers. The Glen 
Grey Act, and indeed all Mr. Rhodes' legislative 
and philanthropic actions in regard to the 
natives, were based on sound common sense, 
infused with sympathy and sustained by know- 
ledge. Like all Mr. Rhodes' public and private 
acts, his attitude toward the native question 
was tinctured with imagination. Mr. Rhodes 
in this, as in all things, looked not merely to 
the reqiiirements of the immediate moment ; 
he was never content to patch up a convenient 
modus Vivendi which left out of account the 
futiire. On the contrary, he discounted that 
future, and his policy was always conceived 
and carried out with a view to its ultimate 

As we understand political parties in Eng- 
land, Mr. Rhodes was a Liberal. He believed 
in the policy of according the various com- 
ponent sections of the British race the fullest 
measure of local self-government possible, so 

long as this liberty did not in any way impinge 
upon the Imperial unity he desired so fervently 
to further, and did so much to conserve. He 
had, of course, an ulterior political motive in 
giving those much-debated cheques to Mr. 
Parnell and Mr. Schnadhorst. But he was 
primarily influenced by his prepossession in 
favour of the idea of local decentralization plus 
Imperial centralization. In this, as in one or 
two other matters, Mr. Rhodes allowed the 
proleptic quality he possessed of projecting 
himself into the future to carry him away. 
Home Rvile for Ireland in conjunction with a 
general scheme for the readjustment of the 
local and Imperial government of the Empire 
is an exceedingly sound proposition. As de- 
tached therefrom it is a political impossibility. 
This Mr. Rhodes would have been the first to 
allow. Unfortunately, he permitted his san- 
guine spirit to make him for the moment too 
" previous." 

It will always be a difficult matter to under- 
stand Mr. Rhodes' true connexion with the 
Reform Movement in the Transvaal. As 
Managing Director of the Consolidated Gold- 
fields Co. his interference was as justifiable as 
that of any other member of the Committee, 
but in his capacity as Premier of the Cape 
Colony and Managing Director of the Chartered 
Co. his position was extremely difficult. Mr. 
Rhodes, who was represented on the Reform 
Committee by his brother. Col. Frank Rhodes, 
avowed that his intentions were merely to 
obtain such amelioration of the conditions as 
he was entitled to claim as representing an 
enormous amount of capital invested in the 
Transvaal. He also aimed at Free Trade in 
S.A. products. Other matters there were — 
Customs Union, Railway Convention, etc., 
but they, he said, would follow in time. He 
stated that if these objects were obtained the 
expense of keeping Jameson's men on the 
border would be amply repaid. Some people 
averred that it was Mr. Rhodes' intention to 
seize and annex the Transvaal to Rhodesia, 
but it was never seriously credited. How- 
ever there was evidently considerable suspicion, 
even amongst the Reform leaders, that Mr. 
Rhodes was utilizing the Reform Committee 
and the Rhodesian troops to ultimately plant 
the Union Jack in Pretoria in the place of the 
Transvaal flag. This, however, was the one 
point upon which Johannesbui'g was united. 
The Republic must be maintained, but under 
wider constitutional powers which should give 
representation and good government to all 

I go 

Anglo- African Who's Who 

subjects. So strong was this feeling on the 
question of the flag that special emissaries 
were sent to Cape Town to obtain assurances 
from Mr. Rhodes on the point. These assur- 
ances were given, and Mr. Rhodes telegraphed 
to Dr. Jameson to restrain him from taking 
that independent action which his impatience 
had threatened (see Dr. Jameson's Life). But 
little is to be gained now by dwelling at length 
on that unhappy business. The provocation 
must not be forgotten. To a man of Mr. 
Rhodes' temperament and power of looking 
into the future it was well-nigh impossible to 
sit down quietly, while successive Imperial 
Governments and Cape Ministers paltered with 
the situation in S.A. Mr. Kriiger and his 
friends and myrmidons were leaving no stone 
unturned to make the position of the British, 
and, indeed, of all aliens other than their own 
allies, impossible in the Transvaal, and to 
eliininate the Imperial factor in S.A. gene- 
rally. All efforts at redress in the S.A.R. 
proving abortive ; the Uitlanders repeatedly 
told from this side that if they wanted relief 
they must take steps to secure it from within, 
Mr. Rhodes ultimately determined to lend 
them a helping hand. Arms were smuggled 
into Johannesbvu'g, and Dr. Jameson's armed 
force was stationed on the border. It is im- 
possible to say whether, given fair luck instead 
of " rank bad luck," given discreet subor- 
dinates, this ill-judged attempt, would or could 
have proved successful. In any case, it re- 
sulted in dire failure, and it is not too much 
to say the event itself, and what grew out of 
it, must have had the effect of shortening by 
many years the most useful life in S.A. In 
dismissing it, it is sufficient to quote and en- 
dorse Mr. Chamberlain's famous statement in 
the House of Commons, which, while recog- 
nizmg the political fault, asserted that nothing 
existed " which affected Mr. Rhodes' personal 
character as a man of honour." 

A man of honour Mr. Rhodes undoubtedly 
was. The " African Review," in an excellent 
appreciative memoir of this great man, has 
recorded in words which we cannot attempt 
to improve upon how loyal he was to his friends, 
and just to his enemies. He always set before 
him a high standard of conduct, the standard 
set up by Aristotle, which he was so fond of 
quoting. He aimed for himself, and, so far 
as lay in his power, set the ideal before his 
fellow men, to achieve that realization of the 
highest spiritual good that was in him through 
the systematic and strenuous training of the 

best qualities of his manhood. His states- 
manship was conceived on these lines. He 
desired to see the British Empire great and 
prosperous, not in a merely material and sordid 
way, but great and prosperous by reason of 
the aggregated greatness and well-being of its 
individual citizens. He worked xinceasingly 
to this end, sparing himself nothing, and to 
this noble ambition he sacrificed his life. Almost 
his last public service to the country he loved 
so dearly was rendered during the recent war. 
Those who were with him during the Kim- 
berley siege laiow with what singleness of 
purpose he threw himself into the defence of 
the town. There, as on so many other occa- 
sions, he displayed the true nobility and altruism 
of his nature. For, strongly individual as Mr. 
Rhodes was, he was in no sense, save the purely 
superficial one, an egotist. He lived for his 
race. He knew that his race needed him, and 
this nerved him to make a splendid struggle 
with death when he became conscious of its 
near approach. " There is so much to be 
done," were almost his last words. Never- 
theless, he met the spectre with resignation 
and with the fortitude of a pagan hero. " WTien 
I am dead," he once said, " let there be no fuss ! 
Lay me in my grave. Tread down the earth 
and pass on ; I shall have done my work 1 " 
Though not a brilliant orator, he was a most 
convincing speaker ; excelled in knowing what 
to say, and when to say it, and always carried 
his audience with him. He won the con- 
fidence of the Cape Dutch under the leadership 
of Mr. Hofmeyr, and did not despair of ulti- 
mately winning over the Transvaalers, until 
the unfortunate raid made his temporary 
withdrawal from S.A. politics necessary. Few 
Englishmen have had a larger following of hero- 
worshippers, and it is fortunate for our pre- 
dominance in the Cape that he had not to 
encounter such opposition from British Minis- 
ters as niight seriously have impeded the 
fruition of his schemes. This was largely due 
to his almost hypnotic power of impressing his 
ideas upon all with whoin he came in contact. 

We have previously referred to that earlier 
period in Mr. Rhodes' career when he was first 
building up a place amongst the mining and 
financial magnates. The small claims were 
becoming unworkable owing to thousands of 
tons of debris falling from the walls, and Mr. 
Rhodes quickly perceived that the only pos- 
sible way to continvie working was by ainal- 
gamating the holdings into one workable con- 
cern. This process was initiated iunti.l the 

Anglo- African Who's Who 


Kimberley claims were controlled by four 
companies, and eventually in 1888 the great 
De Beers Consolidated Co. was formed to 
absorb even these. It was not without en- 
countering exceeding difficulties that Mr. 
Rhodes carried through this great scheme, 
meeting with much opposition from the late 
Mr. B. I. Barnato, who, however, ultimately 
came to terms with the colossus, Messrs. Rhodes 
and Barnato each being one of the fovir life 
governors of the Co. In addition to the extra- 
ordinary financial energy displayed by so young 
a man in building up this gigantic diamond 
corporation, his ability must also be recognized 
in such details as the compound system 
diminishing thefts by nigger workers, and the 
syndicate controlling the price of diamonds. 

During the final years in which Mr. Rhodes 
was working on this, his great and initial scheme, 
his attention was also attracted by the opening 
of the goldfields in the Transvaal. There is no 
doubt that, immersed as he was in his De Beers 
and northern ideas, he did not devote so much 
attention to the Rand as his financial genius, 
with so stupendous an opportunity, would have 
desired. But, in conjunction with C. D. Rudd, 
he formed the great Consolidated Goldfields 
of S.A., in 1887, with a capital of £250,000. 
Mr. Rhodes' personal supervision was, of 
course, not prominent, and the properties at 
first acquired were, from subsequent Trans- 
vaal mining experience, not first-rate. But 
the Co. quickly found its true footing, and the 
Consolidated Goldfields of to-day ranks with 
the Rand Mines as having for years held the 
pick of the coming mining areas on the Rand. 
As evidence of the manner in which, in all Mr. 
Rhodes' schemes, the success of one was made 
to hasten the success of another, all on the road 
to the acquisition of Rhodesia, one may mention 
the well-known financial share which the De 
Beers Co. has had in the backing up of the 
Chartered Co. ; while the Consolidated Gold- 
fields of S.A. gave similar assistance. In 1889 
it acquired a half-interest in the Rudd Con- 
cessions, presently represented by eight and 
a-half units out of thirty in a consolidated com- 
pany, merged once more into a company with 
a very large share capital, and to be absorbed by 
the Chartered Co. Under this arrangement the 
Goldfields were to receive more than a quarter 
of a milUon shares. In addition, the Goldfields 
took 102,500 shares in the Chartered Co. Then 
the capital was increased by 130,000 shares to 
acquire the Johnson, Heany, & Borrow rights 
in Mazoe, Hartley, etc., in Mashonaland. It 

was in this way that the astute genius of Mr. 
Rhodes, working its way stubbornly through 
a maze of financial intrigues, used the un- 
rivalled financial power of his earlier companies 
in a country where financial opposition was not 
to be feared — for those men who had already 
attained financial importance in the earliest 
gold and diamond days he had arrayed beside 
himself — in carrying through the vast schemes 
which, had he stood alone, would have been 
too weighty even for himself, while his political 
power also played an important part in the 

So far, however, as the personal finance of 
Mr. Rhodes is concerned, in 1892, on an amal- 
gamation with other companies, and on the 
raising of the capital of the Goldfields to 
£1,250,000, the foimders (Messrs. Rudd and 
Rhodes) received 80,000 shares, while in 1894 
their rights to two -fifteenths of the net profits 
were extinguished, by the payment to them 
of 100,000 shares. From this point onward 
it may be said that the career of Mr. Rhodes, 
so far as the building of his personal fortune 
was concerned, was finished. Thenceforward 
his schemes concern the provision of ways and 
means for the great Northern undertaking. 
His hand was ever in his pocket, and it will 
probably never be known how much, from his 
private means, he has contributed towards the 
exigencies of the infant territories. Especially 
was this the case in regard to the northern 
extension of the railway towards Rhodesia, 
and on its way to Cairo, and on the preliminary 
telegraph line which is already so far advanced. 

In October 1901, Mr. Rhodes' health, which 
had been in a precarious state for a year pro- 
viousl5'-, began to show a serious turn for the 
worse. Acting on medical advice, he started 
for a trip in the Mediterranean, accompanied 
by Mr. Beit and Dr. Jameson. He then visited 
the land of the Pharaohs ; returned to England, 
still an invalid, and soon left the English winter 
for Muizenberg, a favourite watering place near 
Cape Town. Here Mr. Rhodes developed heart 
trouble, and eventually he had to lay aside all 
business, although no serious result was antici- 
pated, the medical attendants hoping that the 
patient's vitality would prevail sufficiently to 
enable him to undertake a voyage to England, 
arrangements for which were actually made in 
one of the mail steamers sailing from Cape 
Town. Mr. Rhodes, too, was anxious to pro- 
ceed to England, but his condition was such 
that travelling under the circumstances was 
absolutely out of the question. During the last 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

few days of his illness it was patent that he was 
growing weaker and weaker, and although 
there was a slight improvement occasionally, 
Mr. Rhodes' friends prepared themselves for 
the worst. From the Sunday before his death 
he took little or no interest in matters which 
before then he freely discussed ; but he was 
constanth' dozing, and the continually increasing 
dropsy working upwards showed only too 
plainly that the end was not far off. On Tues- 
day, March 25, 1902, the first serious crisis was 
surmounted ; but it left the patient so weak 
that, when he had another severe attack on the 
following day, it was evident the struggle was 
almost over. Death, which was perfectly pain- 
less, occurred at three minutes to six, conscious- 
ness being retained till within three minutes of 
the end. A few minutes previous to passing 
away Mr. Rhodes faintly muttered the names 
of his brother and some of the others around 
him, evidently meaning to say good-bye. Dr. 
Jameson, Dr. Smartt (Commissioner of Public 
Works), Sir Charles Metcalfe, Colonel Elmhurst 
Rhodes, and Mr. J. Walton (member of the 
House of Assembly for Port Elizabeth) were 
by his bedside, while all his attendants and 
" boys" were also present. Of all those who 
attended Mr. Rhodes during his illness Dr. 
Stevenson was the only one absent at the end. 
Among Mr. Rhodes' last utterances were the 
words, " So little done. So nnich to do." A 
post-mortem examination of the body revealed 
an extensive aneurism of the heart. The place 
of Mr. Rhodes' burial was not ill-chosen. In 
a solid tomb in the Matoppo Hills, known now 
as the World's View, the remains of the founder 
of Rhodesia lie at rest. 

Mr. Rhodes' will and codicils were character- 
istic of the man. He made large provision for 
scholarships for the advantage of American, 
German, S.A. and other students, and set aside 
a,mple sums for experimental farming, irriga- 
tion, forestrj?, etc., and for the endowment of 
an agricultural college. His executors are Lord 
Milner, Lord Rosebery, Sir Lewis Mitchell, Lord 
Grey, Mr. Beit, Mr. B. F. Hawksley and Dr. 
Jameson, the latter name having been added 
in the last codicil. Mr. W. T. Stead had been 
named previously as an executor, but that 
gentleman's "extraordinary eccentricities" led 
to his being removed from such a responsible post. 

ROBINSON, Hon. Sir John, K.C.M.G., 
F.R.G.S., late of The Gables, Durban, Natal, 
and of the Durban and Grosvenor (Lond.) 
Clubs, was born in Hull, Eng., Mar. 17, 1839. 

He was son of Geo. Robinson, of Hull, and 
grandson of Geo. Cookman, J. P., of Stepney 
Lodge, near Hull, and was educated privately. 
Sir John was elected a member of the Natal 
Legislative Council in 1863, and sat in the 
Council or, after responsible govt, was intro- 
duced, in the Assembly, with occasional inter- 
vals iintil 1901. He was first Premier of Natal 
in 1893, and acted as Colonial Secy, and Minis- 
ter of Education in the first Responsible Ad- 
ministration in the Colony. Ill-health caused 
his retirement in 1897. He attended con- 
ferences in London and Cape Town, and was 
the author of " A Natal Guide Book," " George 
Linton, or the Early Years of a British Colony," 
" A Lifetime in South Africa," etc., etc. Sir 
John married, Dec. 28, 1865, Agnes, dau. of Dr. 
Blaine, R.M. , Natal. He^died at Durban on Nov. 
5, 1903, from the results of a paralytic seizure. 

ROSS, Sir David Palmer, K.C.M.G., M.D., 
who died early in June, was the son of a well- 
known siu-geon, his death occurring only a short 
time before his intended retirement from his 
arduous labours in Georgetown. Sir David, 
when he had qualified in Edinburgh, joined the 
Army Medical Service, and soon afterwards he 
went to Janaaica, where he spent about twenty 
years in various positions. His duties fell 
chiefly among the coolie depots and the small- 
pox hospitals, and in 1885 he was specially 
selected for Sierra Leone. There he did much 
good work in investigating and combating 
tropical diseases of all kinds ; and what he has 
accomplished in this important branch of 
medical science has proved of the highest value. 
On leaving Sierra Leone, Sir David was pro- 
moted to the important office of Surgeon- 
Gen, in British Guiana, where his presence 
and experience have enabled the Govt, to 
practically convert what many regarded as a 
" plague spot" into a tolerably safe place of 
living for both white and coloured people. Sir 
David, who was 62 at the time of his death, 
married, in 1867, a dau. of the then Attorney- 
Gen, of Jamaica, and one of his daughters 
is now the wife of Lucie-Smith, the senior 
Puisne Judge in British Guiana, and for the 
moment acting as Chief Justice in the absence 
on leave of his chief. 

SCHERMBRUCKER, Col. the Hon. Fre- 
deric, M.L.A., of Friedrichs Ruh, Wynberg, 
C.C, who died in April, 1904, was born at 
Schweinfurth, Bavaria, in 1832, and was son 
of the Hon. Christopher Schermbrucker, one 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


of the Judges of the Appellate Court of the 
Province of the Palatinate. He was educated 
at the Jesuit Institute of Neuburg, on the 
Danube, was a Latin prizeman at that academy, 
and entered the ranks of the Bavarian army as 
a private, but with the privileges of a gentleman 
cadet. He fought on the Royal side in the dis- 
turbances of 1 850-2, and was made a Sub-Lieut. 
in recognition of services in the field ; he volun- 
teered to serve in the Crimea with the German 
Legion. He went to the Cape in 1857 with the 
rank of Ensign ; was for some time a teacher 
of German before being appointed German 
Interpreter in the office of the R.M. at King 
Williamstown. Later he started as an 
auctioneer, and from 1859 to 1866 took an 
active part in opposmg the annexation of 
Kaffraria to the Cape Colony. He was one of 
the accused in the famous Calabash case, and 
was fined £100 for shooting a Kafir sheep- 
stealer. He was elected a member of the Cape 
Assembly in 1868. In 1872 he failed in business 
and went to the diamond fields, to Lydenburg, 
the Limpopo and Matabeleland, eventually be- 
coming editor of the Bloemfontein " Express." 
He left Bloemfontein (having been burned in 
effigy there), and returned to King Williams- 
town ; vohmteered for service in the Frontier 
War ; was appointed Comdt. of the Amatola 
Division ; volunteered for service in the Zulu 
War, and commanded at Luneberg, being 
present at the engagements of Zlobane and 
Kambula, and distinguishing himself at the 
Pemvani River. In 1880 he accompanied Sir 
Gordon Sprigg to Basutoland to raise a police 
force, but retired when the Sprigg Ministry was 
overturned. In 1882 he was elected M.L.C. for 
the Eastern Circle ; was re-elected two years 
later, and in the same year joined Sir Thomas 
Uppington's cabinet as Commissioner of Crown 
Lands and Public Works, and continued this 
office in the second Sprigg Ministry. He 
successfully contested King Williamstown at 
the General Elections for the Cape House of 
Assembly in 1888, 1894, and 1904, and was 
also a life member of the Executive Council 
of the Cape of Good Hope. Col. Schermbrucker 
was a keen Imperialist, a clever speaker, a great 
admirer of Cecil Rhodes, a loyal supporter of 
Dr. Jameson, and a tower of strength to the 
Progressive party. He was decorated with the 
Pope's Order, "Pro Pontifice et Ecclesia," and 
wore the medals for the Gaika War, the Basuto- 
land Rebellion, and the Zulu War. He married 
Lucy, second dau. of the late Patrick Egan, and 
has had a large family of children. 

SHEFFIELD, Thomas, late of Johannes- 
burg, started business in Grahamstown, C.C, 
in conjunction with his brother, as printer 
and stationer, and also brought into exist- 
ence the " Eastern Star," which he edited. 
The paper was transferred to Johannesburg, 
where it was eventually taken over by the 
Argus Printing and Publishing Co. With 
the change of proprietorship the word " East- 
ern " in the title of the journal was dropped, 
and the newspaper was carried on as the ' ' Star,' ' 
under which name it is still published, though, 
of course, on a much larger and improved basis. 
Some years ago Mr. Sheffield succeeded Mr. 
F. J. Dormer as managing director of the Argus 
Co., to which he devoted the greater part of 
his time and abilities. Though of a literary 
bent of mind, Mr. Sheffield did not find the 
time to devote attention to literatiu'e. His 
one production, entitled " My Impressions of 
England," however, revealed his merits as a 
capable writer. After a long illness Mr. Sheffield 
died at Johannesburg on Feb. 6, 1904, leaving 
a wife and a large family of daughters. 

SHIELS, Thomas, who died on March 10, 
1904, was for many years a Director of De Beers 
Consolidated Mines, and a strong supporter of 
the late Mr. Rhodes. Owing to failing health, 
Mr. Shiels resigned his seat at the De Beers 
Board in 1903, and at the time of his death his 
holding in the company had for some time 
been c^uite a snaall one. When he died at Edin- 
burgh, Mr. Shiels was within a day or two of 
completing his 70th year. Mr. Shiels was one 
of the pioneers of the S.A. Diamond Fields, and 
at Kimberley, where he resided for a long period 
of years, he was greatly respected for his many 
good qualities. 

SHIPPARD, Sir Sidney Godolphin Alex- 
ander. K.C.M.G., who died at his residence in 
West Halkin Street, London, on March 29, 1902, 
from the effects of influenza, was well known in 
S. A., where for many years he filled responsible 
positions. He was educated at King's Coll. 
Sch. and Oriel and Hertford Colls., Oxford, and 
was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple 
in 1867. From 1873 to 1884 he held various 
judicial appointments in Cape Colony, and in 
the last-named year was appointed Adminis- 
trator of British Bechuanaland. The next year 
he became Resident Commissioner for Bechuana- 
land, holding that post until 1895. On the 
resignation of ]Mr. Rhodes and Mr. Beit from 
the Chartered Co. after the raid. Sir Sidney 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

was appointed a Director, a post which he held 
up to his death. Sir Sidney was a distingmshed 
jiirist, and many of his judgments are regarded 
as masterpieces of their kind. He was the 
British Commissioner in the Angra Pequeua 
dispxite with Germany, and was created a 
K.C.M.G. in 1887. Few men enjoyed a better 
deserved popularity throughout the Cape 
Colony, for Sir Sidney Shippard was a man of 
culture and refinement, who made his influence 
felt in whatever position he was called upon 
to fill. 

SKINNER, Db. W. A., who died at Pieter- 
maritzburg, Natal, in the summer of 1904, was 
born in Scotland, graduated at Edinburgh Univ., 
and took honours in London. He went to 
Natal in 1900, and obtained the post of 
Asst. Medical Officer at the Natal Govt. Asylum. 
Dr. Skinner held this appointment ixntil his 
death, which occurred in his 31st year. 

SMITH, Nigel Mabtin, who died in 1904, 
was well known in financial circles as a Director 
of the Standard Bank of South Africa, and upon 
the amalgamation of Smith's Bank with the 
Union Bank of London he was elected on the 
board of the joint concern. He was a member 
of the committee of the Victoria Hospital for 
Cliildren, and closely identified with other 
similar institutions. He took a deep interest 
in the young men employed in the banks, and 
in their sports and recreations. 

STANLEY, Sm Henry Morton, G.C.B., 
D.C.L. of Oxford, Camb. and Durham, LL.D. 
of Edin., Ph.D. of Halle; late of 2, Richmond 
Terrace, Whitehall, London, and of Fiu-ze Hill, 
Pirbright, was bom about the year 1841 in 
Denbighshire, so far as is known, for his early 
years are clouded by much obscurity. But it 
is understood that he spent many years of his 
childhood in the workhouse, and at the age 
of fourteen shipped as a cabin boy for New 
Orleans, where he found a generous patron in 
the person of a Mr. Stanley, whose name he 
adopted. On the outbreak of the American 
War in 1861 Henry Morton Stanley joined the 
Confederate forces, but afterwards fought on 
the Federal side. In 1867 young Stanley went 
as correspondent of the " New York Herald" 
with the British troops in Abyssinia, and after 
the fall of Magdala he represented that jotirnal 
in Spain. It was while he was there that a 
telegram summoned him to Paris in October, 
1869, and he was commissioned to go and find 

Dr. Livingstone. He started on this vague 
enterprise immediately, attending, en route, 
the opening of the Suez Canal, visiting Sir 
Samuel Baker in Upper Egypt, rimning over 
to see Capt. Warren in Jerusalem, visiting 
Stamboul, going over the old Crimean battle- 
fields, visiting Trebizond, Tiflis and other places, 
and eventually journeying through Persia, and 
finding his way overland to Bombay, where he 
embarked in Oct., 1870, for Mauritius. Thence 
he procured a passage to Zanzibar, and began 
in Jan., 1871, his inland journey in search of 
the great missionary. In the following Novem- 
ber the intrepid party found themselves on the 
eastern shores of Tanganyika, and here, at a 
village called Ujiji, they encountered Dr. Living- 
stone. Upon his return to England, the bearer 
of Livingstone's diary, Mr. Stanley (not yet 
knighted) was universally lionized. The Queen 
presented him with a gold snufi box with the 
V.R. in brilliants. The King (then Prince of 
Wales) gave Mm an audience ; King Hvimbert 
of Italy presented a portrait of himself, while 
from Victor Emmanuel he received a gold 
medal. Learned societies and illustrious per- 
sonages showered addresses, gifts and invita- 
tions upon liim, and Stanley realized to the full 
the meaning of fame, and enjoyed the nation's 
reward for long months of danger, fever, toil 
and privations endured for the succour of a 
fellow man. 

A year or two later he returned to Africa to 
represent the " New York Herald " in the 
Ashantee War, and on his return the ever- 
enterprising "Daily Telegraph" joined with 
the "New York Herald" in sending Stanley 
back to complete the discoveries of Speke, Sir 
R. Biirton and Livingstone (who was now 
dead). As a result of the liberal means sup- 
plied by Mr. J. M. Levy and Mr. Edward L. 
Lawson of the " Telegraph," and Mr. James 
Gordon Bennett of the " Herald," Mr. Stanley's 
expedition resulted in the accomplishment of 
three great achievements, each one of which 
would have made the lifelong reputation of 
any ordinary explorer. The Victoria Nyanza 
was for the first time circumnavigated and its 
shores acciu'ately mapped out. The Tanganyika 
was also circumnavigated, and the result of 
the expedition showed, what before had been 
unknown, that these two great inland seas were 
not in any way connected with each other. 
But the greatest of his African exploits remains 
to be chronicled. Striking due west, Stanley 
met the River Lualaba, followed the mys- 
terious stream northward along its banks, and 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


ultimately embarked on its waters, finally 
emerging by it on the Atlantic Ocean at the 
mouth of the Congo. No more raomentous 
geographical discovery has ever been made in 
modem days than the proof thus given that 
the Lualaba and the Congo were the same river, 
and that the latter was almost continuously 
navigable, and certainly capable of being 
utilized as a high road for future African com- 
merce. During a great part of the journey 
through Central Africa Stanley was accom- 
panied by the great slave trader, Tippoo Tib, 
and many conflicts with natives took place ; 
but, although they met with censure in some 
quarters, they could only be regarded as part 
of the price of the advantages to science, civili- 
zation, religion and empire which ultimately 

In 1879 Mr. Stanley (as he still was) was 
deputed by the newly formed African Inter- 
national Association, of which King Leo- 
pold II was the founder, to establish trading 
stations and open up the land bordering on the 
Congo, with the main object of promoting 
commerce. In 1884 was foiuided the Congo 
Free State, referred to in Mr. Stanley's " The 
Congo, and the Founding of the Free State" 
(1885), and the first Governorship of this terri- 
tory was offered to, but declined by, the ex- 
plorer and pioneer of commerce in West Africa. 

In Jan., 1887, the Egyptian Treasury placed 
£10,000 at Stanley's disposal for the relief of 
Emin Pasha, upon which he set out from the 
Congo with many able lieutenants, pushing on 
to the Aruwhimi River, where he established 
a base. Stanley then took the greater part of 
his force northwards, and after seemingly end- 
less obstacles — death, disease, hunger, desperate 
conflicts with natives, struggles through virgin 
forests, etc., he at length met Emin, and 
brought him back in triumph. 

But many and fatiguing journeys through 
the worst parts of Africa, punctuated with over 
a hundred attacks of fever, were telling upon 
the explorer's health. Many tempting offers 
of profitable employment were made, but he 
resolved to settle down in England. He mar- 
ried Dorothy, a dau. of Mr. C. Tennant, of 
Cadoxton Lodge, Vale of Neath, Glamorgan- 
shire, in 1880, and after one unsuccessful 
attempt to enter Parliament, was elected in 
the Liberal Unionist interest as member for 
North Lambeth at the general election in 1895, 
retiring in 1900, a year after receiving the 
honour of knighthood. In 1898 he paid one 
more visit to Africa on the occasion of the 

opening of the railway to Bulawayo. Sir Henry 
died on May 10, 1904, and was buried at Pir- 
bright, lamented by numberless friends, and 
honoured by all. Beside the book already 
referred to, he was the author of " Coomassie 
and Magdala," " How I found Livingstone," 
" In Darkest Africa," " Through the Dark 
Continent," and " Through South Africa." 

STOKES, General Sir John, K.C.B., the 
gallant soldier who so distinguished himself in 
the Kafir War of 1846, and who did such fine 
service for Lord Beaconsfield in connexion with 
the Suez Canal in 1875, was born when George IV 
was King, and was in his 77th year when he died. 

STRAKOSCH, Rudolph, of Johaimesburg, 
was a junior member of the Johannesburg staff 
of Messrs. A. Goerz & Co., Ltd., He was an 
engineer of considerable promise, and came by 
his death on June 7, 1904. 

TARBUTT, Percy, late of 23, St. Swithin's 
Lane, London, E.C. who died early in 1904, was 
originally in partnership with Mr. Cecil Quenton. 
The latter some years ago retired from the firm, 
and, devoting his leisure to his favourite hobby, 
has since become famous in the yachting world. 
Mr. Tarbutt, on the other hand, has died m 
harness. On his own account he devoted him- 
self more assiduously than ever to business, 
and his directorship of the Consolidated Gold 
Fields of South Africa, which he held till the 
day of his death, was the first of a long series. 
His capacity for work, his mastery of detail, 
and what may be called his generalship, were so 
remarkable that he held simultaneously director- 
ships of no fewer than twenty four muiing 
development, and investment cos., not all of 
which were African. He was chairman of 
three of those cos. — namely, the British 
Gold Coast Co., Limited ; the Mashonaland 
Agency, Limited ; and the Village Reef Gold 
Muiing Co. As a director he was able in 
administration, with the advantage of practical 
skill in mining matters, and he was not the 
sort of man to be easily influenced by timid 
counsels or peevish protests when he had made 
up his mind for what he considered the best. 

With W. African enterprises, however, he 
had been pre-eminently associated. He was 
a pioneer of the movement for the development 
of W. Africa's gold resources — a movement 
which, though xmeventful for the time being, 
is still fraught with great potentialities. Those 
potentialities were foreseen by him before the 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

big boom in W. Africans, and, being early in 
the field, with his friend and colleague, Mr. 
Edmund Davis, he had become a Jungle mag- 
nate, with large and widely ramifying interests. 
Professionally, the late Mr. Tarbutt was most 
intimately associated with Mr. Edward Janson, 
his partner in the firm of Tarbutt, Son & 
Janson, civil engineers. 

THOMPSON, W. J., J.P., late of Kippington 
Green, Sevenoaks, Kent, foimder of the firm 
of William James & Henry Thompson, Colonial 
brokers, was Chairman of the London Com- 
mercial Sale Rooms, Ltd., and of the National 
Discount Co. He was also a Director of the 
African Banking Corporation, the Phoenix 
Assiu-ance Co., and the British and Foreign 
Marine Insurance Co. He built the church at 
Kippington, of which his son, the Rev. H. 
Percy Thompson, is vicar. 

TUDHOPE, Hon. John, late of Dulwich 
Wood Park, Upper Norwood, was of Scottish 
birth and parentage, and went to S.A. with his 
father and family in 1840. Mr. F. Tudhope 
was one of a band of teachers selected from the 
Scottish Universities to introduce the Herschell 
system of higher education, and was for twenty- 
five years the principal of the Public Sch. at 
Grahamstown, where his son was educated. 
Mr. John Tudhope began his business career 
in King Williamstown, then the capital of the 
Crown Colony of British Kaffraria, and took 
an active part with Col. Schermbrucker, Mr. 
Joseph Walker and others in its public affairs. 
He was one of the founders of the British 
Kaffrarian Bank, the Public Library, and other 
local institutions. He afterwards resided in 
Port Elizabeth, Aliwal North and Uitenhage, 
representing the latter division in the Cape 
Parliament for six years, and becoming a mem- 
ber of Sir Thomas LTppington's Ministry as 
Colonial Secy, in 1885. This post he occupied 
for four and a-half years, and during that time 
identified himself with educational and agricvil- 
tural measures of great benefit to the country. 
Amongst other things, he introduced, not with- 
out considerable opposition, the first Scab Act ; 
the Agricultural Coll. at Groot Constantia was 
begun vmder his Ministerial control ; and he was 
instrumental in introducing farm schools and 
other useful and progressive measures in the 
Education Dept. over which he presided. 

In 1889 he resigned his position to take up 
the important post of General Manager of the 
newly formed Johannesburg Consolidated In- 

vestment Co., a concern which has gi'own from 
modest beginnings to a financial institution of 
the first importance during Mr. Tudhope' s con- 
nexion with it. During his residence m Johan- 
nesburg he soon became identified with the 
political movements then begiiming to agitate 
the Transvaal vmder the old regime. He was 
the first Pres. of the now celebrated Transvaal 
National Union, and occupied that position 
during two and a-half exciting years, when he 
retired in favour of Charles Leonard. He 
thoroughly identified himself with the public 
life of Johannesburg, taking part in many useful 
movements. He was Chairman of the Public 
Library for'^four years; on the Managing Com- 
mittee of the fine Hospital for a similar period ; 
chief of the Caledonian Society for several years, 
and belonged to many other bodies of a useful 
and pliilanthropic character. He subsequently 
returned to England to take up the manage- 
ment of the Johannesburg Consolidated Invest- 
ment Co. He contributed articles to the Press, 
was a Member of the Council of the Royal 
Colonial Institute, and freqviently figured on 
its platform as a speaker on S.A. subjects. He 
died at his residence on Dec. 22, 1903. 

UNSWORTH, Dr. Noel, late of the Egj^ptian 
Medical Service, was an English doctor who was 
formerly a medical officer in the diseases of the 
skin department of St. Thomas' Hospital, and 
was also Asst. Medical Officer at Paddington 
Infirjnary. He received his recent appoint- 
ment as Resident Asst. Surgeon at the Kasr-el- 
Aini Hospital at Cairo in 1902, and died of 
plague at Zagazig July 10, 1904. 

VERNON, Brevet Major Hubert, D.S.O., 
was born in 1867, and was second son of Sir 
Harry Foley Vernon, Bart., and Lady Georgina 
Vernon, of Hanbmy Hall, near Droitwich. 
He joined the Rifle Brigade as Second Lieut, 
in 1888, and was promoted Lievit. in 1891, 
obtaining his company in 1896, and his brevet 
majority in 1900. He served with Sir Frederick 
Carrington's force in S.A. in 1896, and re- 
ceived the D.S.O. Dm-ing the late Boer War 
he was Aide-de-Camp to Major-Gen. F. Howard, 
and Deputy Asst. Adjutant -Gen. He met his 
death as the result of a polo accident at Pre- 
toria in 1902. 

WELDON, Capt. Thomas Hamilton, R.E., 
late of Pretoria, Transvaal, was born in 1864, 
was second son of the late Sir Anthony Crosdili 
Weldon, Bart., of Rahinderry and Kilmorony, 

Anglo-African Who's Who 


CO. Kildare, Ireland, and was formerly attached 
to the Portsmouth Division of the Submarine 
Miners. During the Greco-Tui'kish War of 
1897 and the Sudan campaign, Capt. Weldon 
represented the "Morning Post" as one of 
their Special Correspondents, contributing a 
series of graphic accounts of the scenes of which 
he had been a witness. He took part in 
the S.A. War, afterwards settling in Pretoria, 
where he died. 

WARD, Capt. Hon. Reginald, D.S.O., was 
a brother of Earl Dudley, Lord-Lieutenant of 
Ireland ; joined the Royal Horse Guards, and 
saw service in the S.A. War, being twice men- 
tioned in despatches and receiving the D.S.O. 
He was an enthusiastic amateur rider, and on 
one occasion in 1898 at the Grand Military 
Meeting at Sandown Park he steered six horses 
to victory out of nine mounts. In the same 
year he came in second on his own horse, 
Cathal, in the Grand National at Aintree. 

WEBLEY, Thomas W., late of Birmingham, 
was senior partner in the firm of the Webley 
& Scott Revolver and Arms Co., Ltd., of that 
town. He was the son of Philip Webley, by 
whom he was thoroughly groimded in the 
technical knowledge required in his business. 
He visited S.A. on two or tln-ee occasions, and 
was especially well known in Pretoria, where 
he encouraged revolver practice, and foimded, 
or helped to foimd, a ladies' shooting club. In 
Natal also Mr. Webley was well known. In his 
later years he devoted considerable attention 
to gardening, and it was one of his greatest 
delights to show to what perfection floriculture 
could be brought even in Birmingham. He 
died on Feb. 13, 1904. 

WELLAND, Lieut. Joseph Raboteau, 
R.A.M.C.,M.B., entered the Army Medical Ser- 
vice June 29, 1901, and was killed in action 
while serving with the Somaliland Field Force 
against the dervishes in Jan., 1904. 



Downing Steeet, London, S.W. 


Right Hon. Sir G. Grey, Bart. 

Ri^ht Hon. Sydney Herbert, afterwards Lord Heroert of Lea. 

Lord John Russell, afterwards Earl Russell, K.G., G.C.M.G. 

Right Hon. Sir William Molesworth, Bart. 

Right Hon. Henry Labouehere, afterwards Lord Taunton. 

Lord Stanley, afterwards Earl of Derby. 

Right Hon. Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, Bart., G.C.M.G. 

Duke of Newcastle, K.G. 

Right Hon. Edward Cardwell, afterwards Viscount Cardwe 

Earl of Carnarvon. 

Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. 

Earl Granvile, K.G. 

Earl of Ivimberley, K.G. 

Earl of Carnarvon. 

Right Hon. Sir Michael E. Hicks-Beach, Bart. 

Earl of Kimberley, K.G. 

Earl of Derby, K.G. 

Colonel the Right Hon. F. A. Stanley, now Earl of Derby. 

Earl Granville, K.G. 

Right Hon. Edward Stanhope. 

Right Hon. Sir Henry Thurston Holland, Bart., G.C.M.G., 

afterwards Viscount Knutsford. 
The Marquess of Ripon, K.G. 
The Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, M.P. 


Secbetaby of State, since Oct. 9, 1903 : — The Right Hon. Alfbed Lyttelton, K.C, M.P. 
Private Secbetaby : — Beenaed H. Holland. 

Assistant Pbivate Secbetaeies : — E. H. Marsh, Conrad Russell and J. Reginald Rankin. 
Parliamentary Undeb Secbetaby : — The Duke of Maelbobough, K.G. 
Pbivate Secbetaby : — T. C. Macnaghten. 

Permanent Undeb Secbetaby: — Sir M. F. Ommanney, K.C.M.G. 
Private Secbetaby : — C. T. Davis. 

Assistant Undeb Secbetaeies : — F. Graham, C.B. {for South African Affairs), C. P. Lucas, C.B., 
H. B. Cox, C.B. (legal), R. L. Anteobus, C.B. 
Department foe Cape of Good Hope, Natal, etc., etc. : — 
Officers ;— H. W. Just, C.B.. C.M.G., G. V. Fipdes, C.B., H. C. M. Lambebt, G. E. A. Gbindle, 
W. A. Robinson, D. O. Malcolm, R. H. Gbiffin. 

















































J 885. 


















202 Anglo-African Who's Who 



The following is the list of the Governors of the Colony since its first acquisition b}' Great 
Britain in 1795 : — 

Whiisi in possession of Great Britain. 
1795. J. H. Craig. 

1797. Earl Macartney. 

1798. Sir Francis Dundas (Lieut. -Governor). 

1799. Sir George Young. 

1801. Sir Francis Dundas (Lieut.-Governor). 

Under the Batavian Government. 
1803. Jan Willem Janssens. 

British Government. 

1806. Sir David Baird. 

1807. Hon. H. G. Grev (Lieut. -Governor). 
1807. Earl of Caledon.' 

1811. Hon. H. G. Grey (Lieut. -Governor). 
1811. Sir John Francis Cradock. 

1813. Hon. Robert Meade (Lieut. -Governor). 

1814. Lord Charles Henry Somerset. 

1820. Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin {acting during the absence of Lord Charles Henry 


1821. Lord Charles Henry Somerset, returned. 
1826. Richard Bourke (Lieut. -Governor). 
1828. Hon. Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole. 

1834. Lieut. -Colonel T. F. Wade (acting Governor). 

1834. Sir Benjamin D'Urban. 

1836. Sir Andiies Stockenstrom, Bart. (Lieut. -Governor of the Eastern Pro\dnce). 

1838. Sir George Thomas Napier, K.C.B. 

1839. Colonel John Hare (Lieut. -Governor of the Eastern Province). 
1843. Sir Peregrine Maitland. 

1847. Major-General the Right Plon. Sir Henry Pottinger, Bart. 

1847. Sir H. F. Young, Kt. (Lieut. -Governor of the Eastern Province). 

1847. Lieut. -General Sir Henry G. W. Smith, Bart. 

1852. Lieut. -General the Hon. G. Cathcart. 

1852. Ch. H. Darling (Lieut.-Governor). 

1854. Sir George Grey, K.C.B. 

1859. Lieut. -General R. H. WjTiyard, C.B. (Lieut.-Governor). 

1861. Sir PhiUp Edmond Wodehouse, K.C.B. 

1870. Sir Henry Barkly, K.C.B. 

1877. Sir H. Bartle E. Frere, Bart., G.C.B., G.C.S.I. 

1881. Sir Hercules G. R. Robinson. G.C.M.G. 

1889. Sir H. B. Loch, G.C.M.G., K.C.B. 

1895. The Right Hon. Sir Hercules G. R. Robinson, Bart., G.C.M.G. (created 

Lord Rosmead, 1896). 
1897. Sir Alfred Milner, G.C.B., G.C.M.G. (created Viscount Milner, 1902). 

Administrators [in the ab.'>ence of the Governor). 
1880. Major-General Sir H. H. Clifford. V.C, K.C.M.G. 
1880. Major Sir G. C. Strahan, K.C.M.G. 
1883. Lieut. -Gen. Hon. Sir Leicester Smyth, K.C.M.G., C.B. 
1886. Lieut.-Gen. H. D'Oyley Torrens, C.B. 
1889. Lieut.-Gen. H. A. Smyth, C.M.G. 
1891 and 1892. Lieut.-Gen. W. G. Cameron, C.B. 
1894. General Sir William G. Cameron, K.C.B. 

The Cape Colonial Government 203 

1895 and 1896. Lieut. -Gen. W. H. Goodenough, C.B. 

1897. Lieut.-Gon. Sir W. H. Goodenough, K.C.B. 

1898. Major-Gen. George Cox. 

1898-99. Lieut.-Gen. Sir W. F. Butler, K.C.B. 


His Excellency Viscount Milneb, P.O., G.C.B., G.C.M.G. 

Imperial Secretary ano Accountant: — J. F. Perry. 

Military Secretary : — Lieut.-Col. the Hon. W. Lambton, D.S.O., Coldstream Guards. 

Private Secretary (acting) : — G. G. Robinson. 

Aide-de-Camp : — Lieut. Lord Henry Seymour, Grenadier Guards. 


Note. — Members of the Executive Council are entitled to be styled " Honourable " for all 

Governor : — 
His Excellency the Hon. Sir Walter Francis Hely-Hutchinson, G.C.M.G. 
Sir Walter Hely-Hutcliinson assumed office on March 6, 1901, by virtue of a Commission dated 
February 9 of that year. 

(Formed February 22, 1904). 
Premier, without Portfolio : — Dr. Hon. L. S. Jameson. 

Commissioner for Crown Lands and Public Works : — Dr. Hon. T. W. Smartt. 
Colonial Secretary : — Colonel Hon. C. P. Crewe. 
Treasurer : — Hon. E. H. Walton. 
Attorney-General : — Hon. Victor Sampson. 
Secretary for Agriculture : — Hon. A. J. Fuller. 
Minister, v/ithout Portfolio : — Hon. Sir Lewis Michell. 


William Downes Griffith, 1866 (March 24). 

The Right Honourable Sir John Henry de Villiers, P.C, K.C.M.G.. 1872 (December 2), 

Chief Justice. 
Charles Abercrombie Smith, M..\., 1872 (December 2). 
John Xavier Merriman, M.L.A., 1875 (July 14). 
William Ayhff, 1878 (February 8). 
Jolm Laing, M.L.A., 1878 (February 21). 
James Weston Leonard, K.C., 1881 (January 28). 
Sir Thomas Charles Scanlen, K.C.M.G., 1881 (May 9), 
Charles WilKam Hutton, M.L.A., 1S81 (May 9). 
Jacobus Wilhelmus Sauer, M.L.A., 1881 (May 9). 
John Hendrik Hofmeyr, 1881 (May 9). 
Sir Jacobus Albertus "de Wet, K.C.M.G., 1884 (May 13). 
Sir James Rose Innes, K.C.M.G., K.C., M.L.A., 1890 (July 17). 
Sir James Sivewright, K.C.M.G., M.A., 1890 (July 17). 
Wilham Phihp Schreiner, C.iM.G., K.C., 1893 (May 4). 
Sir Henry Hubert Juta, Kt., K.C., M.L.A., 1893 (December 28). 
Dr. Thomas Nicolas German Te Water, M.L.A., 1896 (January 17). 
Albertus Johannes Herholdt, M.L.C., 189S (October 14). 
Dr. Thomas William Smartt, M.L.A., 1898 (May 19). 
Sir Richard Solomon, K.C.M.G., K.C., M.L.A., 1898 (October 14). 
Clerk to the Council : — Charles Henry Pennell, 1882 (Colonial Service, 1868). 


Anglo-African Who's Who 


Showing the different Ministries since the estabHshnient of Responsible Government, also dates 
of appointment to and retirement froin office. 

{Duration, 5 years 2 months.) 

Premier and Colonial Secretary 
Treasm-er of the Colony . 
Attorneys- General 

Commissioners of Crown Lands 

and Public Works 
Secretary for Natiye Affairs 

J. C. Molteno, M.L.A. . 

H. White, M.L.C. . . 

J. H. de Vilhers, M.L.A. * 

S. Jacobs, M.L.A. . . 

A. Stockenstrom, M.L.A. 

C. Abere. Smith, M.L.A.f 

J. X. Merriman, M.L.A. 

C. Brownlee, M.L.A.+ . 
* Appointed Chief Justice, December 18, 1873. 
t Appointed Controller and Auditor-General, July 20, 1875. 
% AppointedChiefMagistrate,Griqua]and East, December 25, 1878. 

{Duration, 3 years 3 months.) 

1st Dec, 


5th Feb., 


1st Dec. 


5th Feb., 


1st Dec, 


17th Dec, 


24th Dec, 


21st Aug., 


22nd Aug., 


5th Feb., 


1st Dec, 


19th July 


20th July, 


6th Feb., 


1st Dec, 


5th Feb., 


Retired November 3, 1884. 

Premier and Colonial Secretary . 
Treasurers of the Colony 

Attorneys-General .... 

Commissioner of Crown Lands 
and Public Works .... 
Secretary for Native Affairs 
Minister without portfoho 

J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A. 
J. Miller, M.L.C. . . 
H. W. Pearson, M.L.A. 
Thos. Upington, M.L.A. . 
J. W. Leonard, M.L.A. . 

J. Lains, M.L.A. 

W. Ayhff, M.L.A. 

J. Miller, M.L.C.§ 

6th Feb., 


8th May, 


6th Feb., 


8th Sept., 


9th Sept. 


8th May, 


6th Feb., 


27th Jan., 


28th Jan., 


8th May, 


6th Feb., 


8th May, 


6th Feb., 


8th May, 


9th Sept. 


8th May, 


Premier || . . . . 

Colonial Secretaries . 

Treasurers of the Colony 

§ Continued to attend Executive Councils until resignation of this Ministry. 

{Duration, 3 years.) 

. T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. 
. J. C. Molteno, M.L.A. 
T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. 
. C. W. Hiitton, M.L.C. 
C. J. Rhodes, M.L.A. 
Attorneys-General . . . . T. C. Scanlen, M.L.A. 

J. W. Leonard, M.L A. 
Commissioner of Crown Lands 

and Pubhc Works . . . . J. X. Merriman, M.L.A 
Secretary for Native Affairs . J. W. Sauer, M.L.A. 
Minister without portfolio . . J. H. Hofmeyr, M.L.A. 

Ij On taking office assumed the portfolio of Attorney-General, but upon the 
J. C. Molteno became Colonial Secretary. 


{Duration, 2 years 6 months.) 
Premier and Attorney-General . Thos. Upington, M.L.A. . 13th May, 1884 
Colonial Secretaries .... J. Ayhff, M.L.A. . . . 13th May, 1884 

J. Tudhope, M.L.A. . . 4th Mch„ 1885 
Treasurer of the Colony . . J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A. . 13th May, 1884 
Commissioner of Crown Lands 

and Public Works .... F. Schermbrucker, M.L.C 
Secretary for Native Affairs . J. A. de Wet, M.L.A. 

9th May, 


12th May, 


9th May, 


30th June, 


1st July, 


12th May, 


9th May, 


19th Mch., 


. 20th Mch., 


12th May, 


9th May, 


30th June, 


1st July, 


12th May, 


9th May, 


12th May, 


9th May, 


12th May, 


9th May, 


30th Nov., 


13th May, 1884 
13th May, 1884 

retirement of Sir 

24th Nov., 1886 

3rd Mch., 1885 

24th Nov., 1886 

24th Nov., 1886 

24th Nov., 1886 
24th Nov., 1886 

Cape Ministries 


{Duration, 3 years 8 months.) 


Premier and Treas. of the Colony J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A 
Colonial Secretaries .... J. Tudhope, M.L.A. 

H. W. Pearson, M.L.A 
Attornej^-General .... 
Commissioner of Crown Lands 
and Public Works * . . . 
Secretary for Native Affairs f 

Thos. Upington, M.L.A. 

25th Nov., 1886 
25th Nov., 1886 
23rd Sept., 1889 
25th Nov., 1886 

F. Schermbrueker, M.L.A. . 25th Nov., 1886 
J. A. de Wet, M.L.A. . . 25t.h Nov., 1886 
* A niflmber of the Legislative Council from 1883 to 1888, when he resigned 
member of the House of Assembly. 

t Appointed H.M.'s Agent in the South African Republic (Transvaal). 

16th July, 1890 
22nd Sept., 1889 
16th July, 1890 
16th July, 1890 

16th July, 1890 
31st May, 1890 
and was elected 


{Duration, 2 years 10 months.) 

Premier Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L.A. 

Colonial Secretarv . . . . J. W. Sauer, M.L.A. 

Treasurer of the Colony . 
Attorney-General .... 
Commissioners of Crown Lands 
and Public Works J . . . 
Secretary for Native Affairs 

J. X. Merriman, M.L.A. 
J. Rose Innes, M.L.A. . 
Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L.A. 
J. Sivewright, M.L.A. . 
P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 

17th July, 


3rd Mav, 


17th July, 


3rd May, 


17th July, 


3rd May, 


17th July, 


3rd Mav, 


17th July, 


23rd Sept., 


24th Sept., 


3rd May, 


17th July, 


3rd May, 


J Sir James Sivewright took office on July 17, 1890, as a IMinister without a portfolio. 

{Duration, 2 years 8 m,onths.) 

Premier Cecil J. Rhodes, M.L.A. . 

Colonial Secretary . . . . P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 
Treasurer § J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A. 

W. P. Schreiner, M.L.A. 
Attorneys-General . . . . H. H. Juta, M.L.A. 

W. P. Schreiner, M.L.A. 

J. Laing, M.L.A. 

J. Frost, M.L.A. . . 

J. Frost, M.L.A. . . 

14 of 1893. 
By Act No. 14 of 1893, the office of Secretary for N 
being discharged by the Prime Minister, or another Minister 

Commissioner of Public Works 
Secretary for Native Affairs |i 
Secretary for Agriculture 

§ Title altered by Act No. 

4th May, 


12th Jan., 


5th May, 


12th Jan., 


4th May, 


12th Jan., 


4th May, 


27th Dec. 


. 28th Dec, 


9th Sept. 

, 1894 

. 10th Sept. 


12th Jan., 


8th May, 


12th Jan., 


8th Mav, 


11th Sept. 

, 1893 

. 12th Sept. 


12th Jan. 


tive Affairs w 

as abohshed, the 


{Duration, 2 years 9 Tnonths.) 

Premier and Treasurer 

Colonial Secretaries 

. J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A 
T. Te Water, M.L.A. 
. . T. W. Smartt, M. .A. 
T. Upington, M.L.A. 
Attorneys-General . . . . T. L. Graham, M.L.C. 
Commissioner of Public Works . J. Sivewright, M.L.A. 
Secretary for Agriculture . . P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 




















Jan. , 
























Anglo -African Who's Who 

(Duration, 1 year 8 months.) 

Premier and Colonial Secretary . W. P. Schreiner, M.L.A. 


Attorney-General . . . . 
Commissioner of Public Works. 
Secretary for Agriculture 
Minister without portfolio . 

Premier and Treasm'er 
Colonial Secretaries . 

Commissioners of Public Works 
Secretaries for Agriculture . 
Minister without portfolio . 

J. X. Merriman, M.L.A. 
R. Solomon, M.L.A. 
J. W. Sauer, M.L.A. 
A. J. Herholdt, M.L.C.. 
T. Te Water, M.L.A. . 

14th Oct., 1898 17th June, 1900 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

14th Oct., 1898 

17th Juno, 1900 
17th June, 1900 
17th June, 1900 
17th June, 1900 
17th June, 1900 


J. Gordon Sprigg, M.L.A 
T. L. Graham, M.L.C. 
A. Douglass, M.L.A. 
P. H. Faure, M.LA. 
J. Rose Innes, M.L.A 
T. L. Graham, M.L.C. 
T. W. Sniartt, M.L.A. 
A. Douglas, M.L.A. . 
P. H. Faure, M.L.A. 
J. Frost, M.L.A. 
J. Frost, M.L.A. 


18th June, 


ISth June, 


18th Feb., 


19th Feb., 


29th May, 


30th May, 


18th June, 


18th Feb., 


19th Feb., 


18th June, 


29th May, 


30th May, 


ISfch June. 


29th May, 


30th May, 


18th June, 


29th May, 



Note. — All members of the Legislative Council are entitled to the prefix " '. 
long as they remain members. 

President : — Right Hon. Sik J. H. de Villiees, P.C, K.C.M.G. 

Chairman of Committees : — (Vacant). 

Clerk oe the Council : — H. P. B. Clajrke. 

Clerk of Papers and Committee Clerk : — M. J. Green. 

Usher of the Black Rod : — Hon. R. P. Botha. 

-lonourable " as 


Note. — In the following alphabetical lists of 
party, B Bond, and I Independent. 

Eastern Circle P 
Eastern Circle P 
South-Eastern Circle ' 
Midland Circle B 
South-Westem Circle 
South-Western Circle 
Midland Circle P 
Midland Circle B 
North-Western Circle 
South Eastern Circle P 
Western Circle P 
Western Circle P 
North-Western Circle P 

M.L.C.'s and M.L.A.'s, P denotes Progressive 

Barrable, D. S. 
Bayly, Colonel, Z 
BelUngan, P. S. 
Claassens, H. J. H 
Dempers, H. J. 
De Smidt, A. G. 
De Villiers, P. D. 
Du Toit, J. F 
Graaff, J. A. C. 
Hurndall, R. F, 
Kohler, C. W. H. 
Graham, T. L. 
Lewis, C. A. Owen 


Logan, J. D. . 
Michau, P. W. . . 
Petersen, A. H., Dr. . 
Pyott, John . 
Proton us, M. J. . 
Rodgers, W. . 

Ross, W 

Smith, G. D. . . . 
Stockenstrom, Sir G. H. 
Strachan, Donald 
Van Zyl, H. C. . . 
Van Zyl, I. J. . . 
Wilmot, A. ... 

Western Circle P 
North-Eastern Circle B 
Western Circle I 
South-Eastern Circle P 
North-Eastern Circle B 
Eastern Circlo B 
Griqualand West P 
British Bechuanaland P 
North-Eastern Circle P 
Eastern Circle P 
South-Westerxa Circle B 
North-Western Circle B 
South-Eastern Circle P 

Cape Legislative Assembly 



Speaker : — Hon. Sir W. B. Berry, Kt. 
Clerk of the House and Taxing Officer :- 
Clerk- Assistant : — G. R. Hofmeyr. 
Serge ANT-AT- Arms : — J. D. Ensor. 
Shorthand Writer and Committee Clerk :- 

-E. F. KiLPiN. C.M.G. 

A. G. D'Argy. 


Abrahamson, L. . 
Adendorff, A. R. 
Anderson, Thomas 

Badenhorst, F. 
Badenhorst, J. F. 
Bailey, Abe 
Bailey, Amos 
Bam, Capt. P. C. van B. 
Bock, Di'. Johannes 

Hendricus Meiring. 
Berry, Hon. Sir W. 

Bisset .... 
Blaine, George 
Btirton, Henry 
Cartwright, John Dean 
Cillie,Petrns Johannes 
Cloete, Hendrick, 


Crewe, Colonel Charles 

Preston, C.B. . . 
Crosbie, W. . . . 
Currej', H. L. . . 
Dave], F. R. . . . 
De Beer, M. J. . . 
DeKok, J. W. . . 
De Waal, Nicolaas 

Dugmore, G. E. . 
Du Plessis, Andrus 

Stephanus . 
Du Plessis, David 

Du Plessis, Matthew 

Fain?e, Hon. Sir Pieter 

Hendrik, K.C.M.G. 

Foster, J 

Frost, Hon. John, 

C.M.G. . . . 

Fuller, Arthur John . 
Garlick, George . 
Graaf, Johannes Jac- 
obus Arnoldus . 
Haarhoff, D. J. . . 

Cape Town P 
Fort Beaufort B 

Capo Town P 
Swellendam B 
Riversdale E 
BarklyWest P 
Woodstock P 
Gape Town P 

Worcester B 

Queenstown P 
Cathcart P 
Albert B 
Cape Town P 
Paarl B 

Wynbvirg P 

AKwal North P 
Beavifort West B 
Vryburg ? 
George B 
Graaff-Reinet B 
Picquetberg B 
Mafeking ? 

Colesberg B 
Wodehovise P 

Albert B 

Middelburg E 

Cradock B 

Namaqualand P 
Oudtshoorn B 

Queenstown P 
Tembuland P 
Cape Town P 

Worcester B 
Kimberley P 

Harris, Colonel D. 

Hellier, J 

Hewat, Dr. John . 

Hoffmann, Dr. Jonas 

Jagger, J. N. Wm. . 

Jameson, Dr. Leander 
Starr .... 

Juta, Hon. Sir Henry 
Hubert, Kt., K.C.. 

I^ing, Thos. Bumham 

Krige, — ... 

Krige, Gideon Johan- 

Kuhn, Peter Gysbert . 

Lawrence, James 

Lee, Charles . 

Lotter,Caspar Jacobus 

Maasdorp G. H. . 

Malan, Francois Ste- 
phanus .... 

Marais, Johannes Hen- 
ock .... 

Michell, Sir Lewis 

Michau, J. J. . 

Molteno, James Ten- 
nant .... 

Niland, B ... 

Gats, Francis 

OUver, H. A. . . . 

Oosthuizen, Okkert 
Almero .... 

Orsmond, ]\L C. . 

Orpen, Redmond 

Powrie, F. ... 

Rabidge, W. . 

Rabie, Dirk de Vos . 

Raubenheimer, H. J. 

Redemeyer, Jacobus 

Runciman, William . 

Sampson, Victor, K.C. 

Schoeman, Johannes 

Schreiner, Theophilus 

Searle, Charles 

BarklyWest ? 
East London ? 
Woodstock P 

Paarl B 
Cape Town P 

Grahamstown P 

Port Elizabeth P 
Victoria East P 
Caledon B 

Stellenbosch B 
Victoria West B 
Kimberley P 
Uitenhage P 
Jansenville B 
Graaff-Reinet 1. 

Malmesbury S 

Stellenbosch B 
Wynberg P 
Riversdale B 

Somerset East B 
Fort Beaufort P 
Namaqualand P 
Kimberley P 

Jansenville B 
Aliwal North P 
Prieska P 
Wodehouse P 
Vryburg P 
Worcester B 
George B 

Humansdorp B 
Simon' s Town P 
Albany P 

Oudtshoorn B 
Tembuland P 
George B 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Soarle, James 

Silberbauer. W. . 

Slater, J. .' . . . 

Smartt, Dr. T. H. . 

Smuts, Jacobus Abra- 
ham .... 

Stead, Arthur 

StigUngli, J. H. . 

Theron, Thomas Phi- 
lippus .... 

Thomas, William 

Thome, W. . . . 

Tod, C. E. ... 

Van der Merwe, Franz 

Van Heerden, Hercu- 
les Christian 

Port Elizabeth I 
Richmond 3 
Victoria East P 
East London P 

Malmesbury B 
Kimberley P 
Picqiietberg B 

Richmond B 
Albany P 
Cape Town P 
Griqualand East 

Clanwilliam B 

Cradock B 

Van Zyl, Dirk Jacobus 

Vanes, Dr. Arthur 
Bayley . 

Venter, M. M. 

Viljoen, Dr. 

Visser, A.. G. . 

Vosloo, A. 

Walton, Edgar Harris 


Whi taker, George 

Wolfardt, George 

Sebastian . 

Wood, Henry 

Wynne, James 

Zietsman, Loms Fred- 


Clanwilliam B 

Uitenhage P 
Colesberg B 
Caledon B 
Victoria West B 
Somerset East B 
Port Elizabeth P 
Beaufort West B 
KingwilUamstown P 

Swellendam B 
Grahamstown P 
Port Elizabeth P 

Griqualand East P 


Paeliamentaky Draughtsmatst : — J. A. Joubert. 
LiBRAEiAN : — William Flint, D.D. 


GovEBNOR OF Cape Colony : — His Excellency the Hon. Sir Walter Francis 

Hely-Hutchinson, G.C.M.G. 
Private Secretary : — H. W. B. Robinson. 
Colonial A.D.C. and Military Secretary : — Major Jas. Deane, C.M.G. (Royal 

Extra A.D.C. : — Capt. W. A. Gordon (Worcester Regiment). 
Clerks : — J. F. Smuts ; H. G. Watson. 


Prime Minister, Dr. Hon. L. S. Jameson, C.B. 
Secretary, S. Cowper, C.M.G. 

Assistant Secretary, T. B. Stenhouse 
Clerks, R. S. Holland ; C. T. Coldswain. 


Secretary to the Native Affairs Department, 

W. G. Cumming. 
Chief Clerk, E. E. Dower. 
Clerks, R. D. H. Barry, S. ds la C. Snooke, 

F. S. Heaton, J. S. le Roux. 
Accoiuiting Officer, W. G. Cumming. 
Accountant and Accounting Officer for Revenue, 

W. B. Gordon. 
Assistant Accoixntant, P. S. Laney. 
Chief Examiner of Accounts, W. G. Morris. 

Inspectors of Native Locations. 
Chief Inspector, S. H. Roberts. 
Albany, G. E. Nightingale. 
Albert, W. T. Dell. 
Alexandria, J. F. F. Bowker. 
Barkly West, W. H. Hall. 
Bathurst, J. N. Cock. 

Bedford, J. A. Stratford. 

Cape (Ndabeni), C. C. Stubbs, E. C. AUman and 

J. H. M. Sweeney. 
East London, W. R. EUis, C. B. Bousfield, 

and O. H. R. Nicholls. 
Fort Beaufort, R. D. Henry. 
Glen Grey, W. P. Jones, B. D. Musgrave. 
Hav, J. A. Louw. 
Herbert, C. E. H. Orpen. 
Herschel, C. J. Dovey, A. G. Austen. 
Humansdorp, H. F. W. Maynier. 
Eamberley — Chief Registrar of Servants, E. 

W. H. Morris. 
Protector of Natives, G. W. Barnes. 
King WilUamstown — Special Magistrate, R. J. 

Middledrift, J. S. Cumming. 

Cape Colony, Native Affairs 


Keiskama Hoek, L. G. H. Tainton. 
Komgha, Jesse Hill. 
Kuruman, J. P. McCarthy. 
Mafekinac, C. S. Pringle. 
Middelburg, C. M. G. Clough. 
Peddie — Location A., J. B. Hartloy. 

Location B., J. T. Bront. 
Port Elizabeth, Thomas Dent and W. H. Quirk. 
Queenstown — Wliittlesea, F. J. Evens. 

Kamastone, H. B. B. Roberts. 
Somerset East, J. P. Cumming. 
Stutterheim, J. P. Cochrane. 
Taung, Godfrey Shepherd. 
Uitenhage, H. S. Fynn. 
Victoria East, J. B. Liefeldt. 
Vryburg, C. St. Qnintin. 
Wodehouso, H. M. Nieholls. 

Johannesburg, Interpreter to Labour Agent, 
G. Nongalazo. 

Transkeian Territories. 
Chief Magistrate, W. E. M. Stanford, C.B., 

A-ssistant Magistrate, A. H. B. Stanford. 
Chief Clerk. H. P. Tillard. 
Accountant, Liu Dillon. 
Assist. Accountant, E. J. Hargreaves. 
Res. Magistrate, Buttei' worth, W. T. Brownlee. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, O. M. Blakeway. 
Res. Magistrate, Ngamakwe, C. J. Warner. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, R. J. Macleod. 
Res. Magistrate, Tsomo, W. J. G. Thomson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, H. D. Lloyd. 
Res. Magistrate, Idutywa, J. P. Crunming. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, F. W. B. Gil- 

Res. Magistrate, Kentani, N. O. Thompson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, W. J. Vlok. 
Res. Magistrate, Willowvale, M. W. Liefeldt. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, F. N. Doran. 
Ros. Magistrate. Umtata, A. H. B. Stanford. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, A. E. Gilfillan. 
Res. Magistrate, Engcobo, C. A. Iving. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, C. E. Warner. 
Res. Magistrate, Xalanga, F. E. C. Bell. 
Clerk, G. E. L. Pahner. 

Res. Magistrate, Elliot, H. H. Bunn. 

Clerk, H. G. Eedes. 

Res. Magistrate, St. Mark's, Capt. E. J. Whindus. 

First Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis., E. J. Russell. 

Res. Magistrate, Mqanduli, L. F. E. Farrant. 

Clerk and D.S., G. C. C. M. Gladwin. 

Res. Magistrate, Elliotdale, W. T. Hargreaves. 

Res. Magistrate, Port St. John's, W. J. St. J. 

Clerk and D.S., H. H. Catherine. 
Res. Magistrate, Lusikisiki, J. S. Simpson. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, G. Jeffery. 
Res. Magistrate, Flagstaff, J. H. Roose. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, R. G. Heathcote. 
Res. Magistrate, Tabankulu, T. W. C. Norton. 
Clerk, R. H. Wilson. 

Res. Magistrate, Bizana, Major H. Sprigg. 
Clerk and D.S., B. E. Cotterell. 
Res. Magistrate, Libode, J. C. Garner. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, W. F. C. 

Res. Magistrate, Nqqeleni, J. W. Morris. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis., W. H. P. Freemantle. 

East Griqualand. 

A.C.M., East Griqualand and Pondoland East, 

and R.M., Mount Cm-rie, R. W. Stanford. 
Asst. Res. Magistrate, J. M. Young. 
Res. Magistrate, Mount Ayliff, A. S. Leary. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., E. Barrett. 
Res. Magistrate, XJmzimkulxL, F. E. H. Guthrie. 
Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., H. E. F. White. 
Res. Magistrate, Qumbu, T. C. A. Rein. 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Magistrate, G. M. B. 

Res. Magistrate, Tsolo, A. Gladwin. 
Clerk, WrM. Carlisle. 

Res. Magistrate, Mount Frere, W. P. Leary. 
Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., W. C. H. B. Gamer. 
Res. Magistrate, Matatiele, J. F. C. Rein, 

,, ,, Maclear, R. L. Shaw. 

Asst. Res. Magis. and D.S., L. C. Pinkerton. 
Res. Magistrate, Mount Fletcher, J. C. Har- 
Clerk and Asst. Res. Ma;Tis., H. C. S. Garner. 


Colonial SECBETARy's Office. 
Colonial Secretarv, Hon. Sir P. H. Faure, 

Und. Col. Secretary, Noel Janisch. 
Asst. Und. Col. Sec, H, B. Shawe. 

Administrative and Convict Branch. 
Chief Clerk, H. Tucker. 
Principal Clerk, N. H. M. Cole. 

Accounting Officer, E. G. RendeU. 
Accountant, A. A. Beck. 

Local Government and Health Branch. 
Med. Officer of Health for the Colony, Dr. A. J. 

Assistant do. do.. Dr. J. A. Mitchell. 
Bacteriological Asst., Dr. G. W. Robertson. 
Medical Inspector, Dr. D. C. Rees. 



Anglo-African Who's Who 

Chief Clerk, L. Dale. 

Principal Clerk, W. G. R. Murray. 

Stat'lstical Branch. 
Registrar-General of Statistics, A. C. Dale, I.S.O. 
Principal Clerk, A. J. Brinton. 
Chief Examiner, A. F. F. Scharffenorth. 
Claief Tabulator of Births and Marriages, 

C. W. Smit. 
Chief Tabulator of Diseases, W. C. Titterton. 
Tabulator of Diseases, W. Johnstone. 
Deputy-Registrar of Births and Deaths, W. 

Assistant Deputy Registrar, W. T. Birch. 

Analytical Branch. 
Senior Analyst, C. F. Jm-itz, M.A. 
Analysts, J. Lewis, M.A., J. G. Rose, St. C. O. 

Smclair, A. J. J. B. Simons, B.A. 
Analyst, Graham's Town, J. Muller, B.A. 

General and Inspectorate. 
Inspector of Prisons. H. B. Roper, I.S.O. 
Deputy do., C. W. Cousins. 

Inspector of Books and Accovmts, P. J. Truter. 
Stationery and Printing Expert, C. J. Fawcett. 
Inspector of Police and Gaol Stores, L. A. 

Insoector"^ of Magazines and Permit Officer, 
^ A. J. Fuller. 

Col. Historiographer, G. M. Theal, LL.D. 
Keeper of Archives, H. C. V. Leibbrandt. 
Chief Government Inspector of Explosives, 
J. E. Foakes. 

Stationery and Printing and Depot for Police 
and Gaol Stores. 
(Administrative Branch). 
Controller, Noel Janisch. 
Assistant Controller, C. R. W. Farmar. 

{Executive Branch). 
Superintendent, H. L. Creed. 
Assistant Superintendent, T. M. Hogan. 

Hospitals and Asylums. 

Valkenberg Asylum. 

Insp. of Asylums and Medical Supt., Dr. W. J. 

Asst. Medical Officer, Dr. E. W. D. Swift. 
Chaplain, C.E., Rev. A. Daintree. 

„ D.R.C., Rev. J. P. do Villiers. 
R.C., Rev. J. Kelly. 

Old Somerset Hospital. 
Surgeon-in-Charge, Dr. J. H. Cox. 
Visiting Chaplain, C.E., Rev. T. Browning. 

„ D.R.C., Rev. J. B. C. Knobel. 
Superintendent, S. Needham. 

Lock Hospital, Cape Town. 
Medical Officer-in-Charge, J. F. Dixon. 

Eobben Island (Administrative). 
Commissioner, George Piers. 
Chief Clerk and Accountant (absent on special 

duty), E. M. Jackson. 
Acting Chief Clerk and Accountant, F. A. 

Clerk of Asylums, J. T. Taylor. 

Chaplains, C.E., C. Engleheart. 
„ D.R.C., Louis Hugo. 

„ R.C., W. Leeson. 

(Male Asylwm). 
Medical Supt., R. S. Black. 

(Male Leper Wards). 
Asst. Medical Officer, J. K. K. Benjamin. 

(Works Department). 
Clerk of Works, R. Dannatt. 

Grey Hospital, King Williamstown. 
Superintendent, B. Blaine, M.B. 
Clerk and Dispenser, A. O. Taylor. 

Graham's Town Asylum. 
Medical Superintendent, Dr. T. D. Greenlees. 
Asst. Medical Officer, Dr. W. L. A. Leslie. 
Chaplain, Rev. Canon Turpin. 

(Chronic Sick Hospital, Graham's Town). 
Medical Superintendent, Dr. G. E. Fitzgerald. 
Superintendent, C. S. Webb. 
Chaplain, R.C., Right Rev. Bishop McSherry. 

,, Wesieyan, J. W. Thompson. 

Port Alfred Asylum. 
Medical Superintendent, W. H. Atherstone. 
Visiting Chaplain, Rev. H. Allen. 

Fort Beaufort Asylum. 
Medical Superintendent, Dr. J. Conry. 
Clerk and Storekeeper, F. C. L. Vogts. 

Emjanyana Leper Asylum. 
Officer-in-Charge. A. C. Bain. 
Resident Medical Officer, C. G. Cassidy. 

Cape Colonial Secretary's Department 


Bacteriological Institute. 
Director, Dr. A. Edington. 
Secretary, T. Hedley, B.A., LL.B. 
Director's Assistant, C. A. le Doux. 
Senior Assistant, Dr. J. M. Coutts. 

Convict Stations. 
Superintendent, G. C S. Foster. 
Asst. do. and Acct., A. van der H. de Villiers. 
Deputy Asst. do. and Officer in Charge of 

Industries, E. Brande. 
Visiting Magistrate, C. W. Broers. 

,, „ Bleakhouse, R. R. B. Howe. 

Med. Officer, Dr. H. A. Engelbach, M.B. 

„ ,, Bleak House, Outstation, 

Dr. W. Hewat. 
,, Chaplain, C.E., Rev. T. Browning. 
D.R.C., Rev. T. F. Dreyer. 
R.C., Rev. M. Colgan, D.D. 

East London. 
Superintendent, Frank Dreyer. 
Chief Clerk and Accoixntant, Vacant. 
Visiting Magistrate, A. H. Garcia. 

Med. Officer, J. B. Anderson. 
,, Chaplain, Rev. A. L. Wright. 

SharJc's River. 
Acting Superintendent, H. A. van Bart. 
Visiting Magis. (Acting), J. Vti"ylde. 

„ " Medical Officer, J. G. Uppleby. 
Chaplain, Rev. P. R. MoUett. 

Kluitjes Kraal. 
Superintendent, J. C. van der Byl. 

Visiting Magistrate, W. Hare. 

Medical Officer, H. P. Payno. 
„ Chaplain, E.C., Rev. A. Jeffary. 

Superintendent, H. M. E. Orpen. 
Asst. Superintendent, E. C. Dyason. 

Superintendent, H. M. Dreyer. 
Visiting Ma.gistrate, R. R. B. Howe. 

„ Medical Officer, Dr. J. H. Neethling. 

„ Chaplain, Rev. J. A. Campbell. 


Supt. Gen. of Education, T. Muir, C.M.G., 
LL.D., M.A., F.R.S. 

Secrotarv, C. Murray, M.A. 

Clerks, J. D. Coley, B.A. ; G. W. Casse, B.A. ; 
J. Rodger, M.A. ; F. H. Long, P. A. Millard, 

Accounting Officer, A. J. Kuys. 

Accountant, J. Spyker. 

Examiner of Accounts, P. E. Scholtz. 

Deputy Inspectors of Schools, F. Howe-Ely, 
M.A. ; E. Noakes, M.A. ; W. Milne, M.A., 
B.Sc, F.R.S.E. ; J. Mitchell ; G. P. Theron, 
B.A. ; C. E. Z. Watermeyer, B.A., LL.B. ; 
Rev. J. McLaren, M.A. : J. H. Hofmeyr, 
M.A. ; G. Hagen, B.A. ; T. Rein, B.A., 
Ph.D. ; J. Pressly, M.A. ; T. S. Golightly, 
B.A. ; W. G. Bennie, B.A. .; G. J. R. Rein ; 
J. G. Tooke ; D. Craib, M.A. ; Dr. T. Logie ; 
A. G. Macleod ; A. B. Bartmaim, M.A. 
(Relieving Inspector); E. Holden ; O. J. 
S. Satchell, M.A. 



Treasurer, Hon. E. H. Walton. 

Asst. Treas., Accountant-Gen., Receiver-Gen., 

and Paymaster-Gen. of the Colony, W. A. 

Deputy Asst. Treasurer and Accounting Officer, 

B. E. Shepperson. 
Senior Principal Clerk, L. B. Smuts. 
Principal Clerks, A. H. Day, H. T. Piers. 
Asst. Accountants, P. Davidson, P. Rainier, 

G. J. Beyers, W. H. L. Friedrichs. 
First Class Clerks, G. C. J. L. F. Haussmann, 

P. G. van Breda, A. E. du Toit, F. J. G. 

Inspector of Chests and Accoimts, T. F. W. de 

Deputy do., F. S. Staploton. 
Supt. of Licences and Stamps, G. W. A. Cloete. 

Assistant Supt. of Licenses and Stamps, W. 

Ledlie, M.A. 
Chief Distributor of Stamps, A. H. Stubbs. 
Chief Clerk and Inspector, E. A. Thomas. 
Government Actuary and Registrar of Friend! j'' 

Soc, J. McGowan, B.A., F.I A. 
Agent-General in Lonbon. 
Agent-General, T. E. Fuller, C.M.G. 
Private Secretary, B. A. Baggs. 
Secretary, J. S. B. Todd, C.M.G. 
Assistant Secretary, T. S. Nightingale. 

Finance Branch. 
Accountant, J. W. Tricker. 
Assistant Accountant, S. J. T. Platts. 
Shorthand and Record Clerk, J. Stephens. 

Stores and Shipping Branch. 
Superintendent, E. G. Rendell. 
Assist. Superintendent, W. D. Tidd. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

Emigration Branch. 
Emigration Agent, H. H, Erskine. 

City Branch. 
Inspector at Stamp Factory, T. A. Gates. 

Control and Audit Office. 
Controller and Auditor-General, W. E. Gurney. 
Asst. do. and Accounting Officer, J. P. Hopkins. 
Inspectors of Accounts, C. B. Fair, W. E. 

Inspectors, W. F. L. Beck, P. E. F. Broers, and 

W. F. L. Beck. 
Chief Examiner of Accounts, J. S. Stephenson. 
TravelUng Inspector, J. M. Corderoy. 
Accountant, G. F. W. Batho. 
First Class Examiners, W. H. Scott and W. H. 


Controller of Customs and Principal Registrar 

of Shipping and Accounting Officer, A. H. 


Administrative Section. 
Chief Clerk, A. P. Murray. 
Customs Union Clerk, P. A. Myburgh. 
Inspector and Departl. Auditor of Revenue and 

Expenditure, A. J. S. Lewis. 
Accomitant and Book-keeper, H. M. Tritton. 
Prin. Statistical Clerk, J. de V. Heckroodt. 
Inspector of Bonded Warehouses, F. W. M. 

First Class Clerks, G. O. Smith, J. H. G. V. 

Hoets, F. W. Watermeyer, J. G. Bam. 
Exam, of Ships' Papers, W. Thompson. 
Executive Section. 
Port of Cape Town. 
Collector of Customs and Registrar of Shipping, 

H. le Sueur. 
Chief Clerk and Warehouse-keeper, J. C. Hoets. 

(Waterside Branch). 
Surveyor of Customs, P. G. M. Borcherds. 
Assistant do., I. A. Sampson. 
First Class Examining Officers, E. G. Orpen and 

T. D. Acheson. 
Inspector of Baggage and Exam. Officer, P. H. 


Port Elizabeth. 
Collector of Customs and Registrar of Shipping, 

C. W. Pearson, I.S.O. 
Chief Clerk a,nd Warehouse Keeper, W. F. 

Second Clerk and Assistant Warohovise Keeper, 

A. Butler. 
Surveyor of Customs, G. C. Chase. 
Assistant do. do., R. J. de Korte. 

Port Alfred. 
Sub-Collector and Examining Officer, F. C. 

East London. 
Collector of Customs and Registrar of Shipping, 

G. Hawkins. 
Chief Clerk and Warehouse Keeper, H. C. Kolbe. 

( Waterside Branch ) . 

Surveyor of Customs, F. K. Chase. 

Inland Customs. 


Principal Officer of Customs, F. J. Percival 



Principal Officer of Customs, F. G. W. Crossman. 

Ports and Harbours. 

Table Bay. 

Nautical Adviser, Capt. W. Stephen (acting). 

{Shipping Office.) 
Shipping Master, A. T. V. Bridge. 

Port Nolloth. 
Port Officer, F. Howe-Browne. 

Simon's Toivn. 
Port Officer and Shipping Master, T. Bynon. 

Mossel Bay. 
Harbour Master, Capt. J. L. Dryden. 

Port Officer and Shipping Master, W. L. Philpott. 

Port Elizabeth. 
Shipping Master, W. L. Dymott. 

Port Alfred. 
Port Officer, F. C. Garstin. 

East London. 
Shipping Master, W. Hildyard. 
Port St. John's. 
Port Officer, W. J. St. J. Turner. 

Post Office Establishment. 
Postmaster-General, Sir S. R. French, K.C.M.G. 
Secretary, B. M. Duff, I.S.O. 
Asst. Secretarv, W. T. Hoal. 
Chief Clerk, J. Wilson. 

{Appointments Branch). 
Principal Clerk, E. A. Stvirman. 

{General Correspondence Branch). 
Principal Clerk, W. H. Tiffany. 

{Provincial Post Office Branch). 
Principal Clerk, J. Inch. 

Cape Postal Establishment 


(Accounting Branch). 
Accountant, R. Henderson. 
Asst. do., D. Stephen. 

(Audit Branch). 
Departmental Auditor and Examiner of Ac- 
counts, J. Fair. 

(Savings Bank Branch). 
Controller, F. J. Hohne. 
Acting Asst. Controller, H. E. H. Perkins. 

(Money Order Office). 

Controller, J. Naylor. 

(Stores Branch). 

Controller of Stores, W. P. Herring. 
Chief Technical Officer, B. Bayly. 

(Engineering Branch.) 
Chief Engineer, J. P. Edwards. 
Assistant Engineer (acting), J. M. Forbes. 
Acting Inspector of Lines, R. Horton. 

(Telephone Branch.) 
Assistant Engineer, W. Standford. 

Circulation Branch (Postal Service). 
Controller, J. C. Carstens. 
Assistant Controller, J. Powell. 
Chief Clerk in Charge of Accounts, W. E. Thomas. 

(Central Telegraph Office). 
Controller, J. Tasker. 
Assistant Controller, A. Tregarthen. 
Superintendents, F. W. Hampson, J. H. W. 


(Surveying and Engineering). 
Western District — Headquarters, Cape Town. 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer, E. Price. 
Midland District — Headquarters, Port Eliza- 
Surveyor and District Engineer, D. Mackintosh. 
Eastern District — Headquarters, East London 
Surveyor and District Engineer, J. F. Smith. 
Northern District — Headquarters, De Aar. 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer, W. 


Transkei District — Headquarters, Umtata. 
Acting Surveyor and District Engineer, 
I. B. Hadaway. 


Attorney-General's Office. 

Attorney-General, Hon. Victor Sampson, K.C. 
Sec. to the Law Dept., J. J. Graham, C.M.G. 
Asst. Sec. to the Law Dept. and Accounting 
Officer, E. F. Lonsdale. 

Administrative Branch. 

Chief Clerk, J. D. Cormack. 

Divisional Courts Branch. 

Principal Clerk, M. Garrett. 

Criminal and Legal Branch. 
Acting Assistant Law Adviser, Howel Jones. 
Additional Legal Advisers, L. G. Nightingale 

and M. O. Evans. 
Chief Clerk, C. W. H. Lansdown. 
Acting Chief Clerk, P. K. A. de Vos, B.A. 
Clerk, E. H. Bisset, B.A., LL.B. 
Ciiief Clerk, Police Branch, D. C. Giddy. 

Accounting Branch. 
Accountant, F. H. Joubert. 
Assistant Accountant and Bookkeeper, C. T. 

Chief Exam. Officer, A. J. R. Wilmot. 
Inspector of District Police, W. S. Bellew. 
Divisional Inspector, F. Witham. 

Supreme Court. 

Registrar'' s Department. 

Cliief Justice, Right Hon. Sir J. H. de VilUers, 

P.C, K.C.M.G. 
Puisne Judges, Hon. Sir E. J. Buchanan, Kt., 

and Hon. C. G. Maasdorp. 
Registrar and Taxing Officer, H. R. Dale. 
Assistant Registrar, J. H. Gately. 
Interpreter, F. G. Watermeyer. 

High Sheriff'' s Department. 
Acting High Sheriff, G. A. Reynolds. 
Acting Chief Clerk, J. C. Plinsbeeck. 

Masters Department. 
Master, G. A. Reynolds. 

(Orphan Chamber Branch). 
Acting Chief Clerk, A. I. G. MuUer. 
Accountant, F. J. Jansen. 
Acting Accoimtant, M. L. NeethUng. 

(Insolvency and Law Branch). 
Chief Clerk, G. J. A. Reid. 

Eastern Districts Court. 
Judge President, Hon. S. T. Jones, LL.D. 
Puisne Judges, Hon. J. D. Shiel and Hon. J. G. 

Registrar, C. Kenealy. 
Interpreter (Dutch), W. M. Collier. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

High Coitrt of Geiqualand. 
Judge President, Hon. P. M. Laurence. 
Puisne Judges, Hon. W. M. Hopley and Hon. 

J. H. Lange. 
Registrar and Master, H. F. Ford. 
Assistant Registrar, C. Currie. 
Acting Clerk, H. N. van Aardt. 
Interpreter (Dutch), J. H. van Rooyen. 

Special Coukt. 
Members of Special Court in addition to Judges, 
J. J. Christie and W. R. Piers. 

Solicitob-Geneeal' s Department. 
Solicitor-General, H. L. Burke, K.C. 
Chief Clerk, C. J. Schermbrucker. 

Ckown Peosecutoe's Department. 
Crown Prosecutor, H. T. Tamplin, K.C. 
Acting Chief Clerk, A. J. Waters, B.A. 

Depaetment op Registeae of Deeds. — Cape 

Registrar of Deeds and Accounting Officer of 

Transfer Duty, W. de N. Lucas. 
Chief Clerk and Asst. Registrar, W. F. Leffler. 
First Examiner, C. G. van Renen. 
Examiner, R. L. Black. 
Registry Surveyor, W. P. Miu-ray. 
Assistant do. do., F. F. Elliott. 

Divisional Cottets and Offices. 
C.C. and R.M., W. B. Magennis. 
First Clerk, F. A. Eksteen. 
C.C. and R.M., F. G. C. Graham. 
First Clerk, R. G. Russouw. 

C.C. and R.M., P. Drej^er. 
First Clerk, J. Foster. 

( V enter stad. ) 
Assistant R.M., H. M. D. Hutchinson. 

C.C. and R.M., F. E. Allman. 
Aliwal North. 
C.C. and R.M., F. E. WoUaston. 
First Clerk, J. G. Freislich. 

{Lady Grey). 
Assistant R.M., F. J. Lawrence. 

Barkly East. 
C.C. and R.M., R. C. Lolyd. 
First Clerk, I. A. Rees. 

Barkly West, 
C.C. and R.M., G. D. Rainier. 
First Clerk, J. Drysdale. 

Assist. R.M., P. A. Garcia. 

C.C. and R.M., C. B. Scholtz. 
Beaufort West. 
C.C. and R.M., E. J. Philpott. 
First Clerk, A. A. van Breda. 

C.C. and R.M., H. F. O. Hewett. 
First Clerk, J. G. T. Joubert. 

C.C. and R.M., W. C. Scully. 

C.C. and R.M. (Acting), H. C. Becker. 

(De Aar). 
Assistant R.M., J. W. Kuys. 

C.C. and R.M., H. J. de W. v. Breda. 
First Clerk, P. E. Kuys. 

C.C. and R.M., C. W. Chabaud. 
First Clerk, H. H. R. Piers. 
Cape CO. 
Civil Commissioner, H. R. Home. 
First Clerk, C. M. Stevens. 
Clerk and D.S., W. ¥. Bergh. 
Gape R.M. 
Resident Magistrate, W. M. Fleischer, I.S.O. 
Acting Res. Magistrate, J. W. H. Russouw. 
Assistant R.M., C. W. Broers. 
Actmg Asst. R.M., H. O. Badnall. 

W. D. S. Lotter. 
First Clerk (Acting), W. J. L. McDonald. 

(D' Urbanville). 
Assistant R.M., J. A. Smellekamp. 

Uitvlugi Native Location). 
Assistant R.M., W. G. W. Wright. 

C.C. and R.M., C. J. Bam. 
First Clerk, F. E. G. Munschied. 

C.C. and R.M., C. C. Campbell. 
Acting do., J. Shand. 

C.C. and R.M., C. A. Home. 

Cape Colonial Magistracies 



C.C. and R.M., P. F. Aling. 

First Clerk (Acting), E. B. Walton. 

C.C. and R.M., G. H. B. Shaw. 
First Clerk, W. Harmer. 

C.C. and R.M., L. M. Harison. 
First Clerk, E. C. Becker. 

Acting Asst. R.M., I. J. B. Scotland. 

East London. 
C.C. and R.M., A. H. Garcia. 
Acting First Clerk, J. R. Quinn. 
Fort Beaufort. 
C.C. and R.M., R. Tillard. 
Acting do., C. R. Vaughan. 

Acting Asst. R.M., H. W. Hermans. 

C.C. and R.M., F. Shaw. 

Acting Asst. R.M., L. R. Rawstome. 

C.C. and R.M., C. R. Haw. 
Acting do., J. C. Stapleton. 
First Clerk, A. G. de Smidt. 

Glen, Oreij. 
Acting C.C. and R.M., F. C. Garstin. 
First Cierk, D. N. During. 
C.C. and R.M., D. Eadie. 
First Clerk, W. P. Rousseau. 
C.C. and R.M., J. A. S. Hoole. 
Acting First Clerk, E. C. Middlewick. 

C.C. and R.M., C. H. Hilliard. 
First Clerk, J. W. White. 
C.C. and R.M., C. R. Chalmers. 
Acting First Clerk, L. R. P. I'ennell. 

C.C. and R.M., D. D. Leslie. Clerk, C. E. Sfcidolph. 
Acting C.C. and R.M., E. G. Lonsdale. 
First Clerk, C. D. Campbell. 

Hope Town. 
C.C. and R.M., E. R. W. Giddy. 
First Clerk, D. H. Visser. 

C.C. and R.M., E. T. Anderson. 
First Clerk, J. H. Veale. 
Acting First Clerk, P. J. Solomon. 

Acting C.C. andR.M., J. G. de la Bat van Alphen. 
Acting First Clerk, K. R. Thomas. 

C.C. and R.M., H. T. L. Maclear. 
First Clerk, C. A. Pentz. 

Kimberley C.C. 
C.C. and Reg. of Deeds, J. J. Christie. 
First Clerk, T. W. Harker. 
Clerks, A. O. Hill, A. R. Brand, L. J. Taylor, 

R. C. Linton, B.A., G. H. Milles, B.A. 
Clerk (Deeds Registry), B. Shaw. 

Kimberley R.M. 
Resident Magistrate, W. R. Piers. 
Clerk and A.R.M., J. B. Eraser. 
Acting First Clerk, D. G. Tennant. 

Additional R.M., S. Tilney. 

King Williamstown. 
C.C. and R.M., and Registrar of Deeds, W. B. G. 

Acting First Clerk, W. T. Welsh. 
Clerk in Charge Deeds Office, G. W. E. Rein. 

(Keiskama Hoek.) 
Assistant R.M., F. B. Gedye. 
{Middledrift. ) 
Assistant R.M., J. G. Verity. 
C.C. and R.M., W. L. Philpott. 
First Clerk, F. Kuys. 

C.C. and R.M., J. H. O'Connell. 
First Clerk, D. G. E. Bergh. 
Resident Magistrate, M. J. Lyne. 

C.C. and R.M., L. Neethling. 
Acting First Clerk, M. H. Gio. 

C.C. and R.M., E. G. Green. 
First Clerks, E. N. Grayson, M.A., and R. J. 


Anglo-African Who's Who 

C.C. and R.M., C. J. Sweeney. 
First Clerk, E. F. B. Schier. 
Assistant R.M., J. M. Richards. 

C.C. and R.M., J. B. Moffat (absent on special 

C.C. and R.M. (acting), G. D. Rainier. 
First Clerk, D. A. Stewart. 
C.C. and R.M., J. C. P. du Toit. 
Acting do., il. E. Corser. 

Resident Magistrate, J. I. Herbert. 
Acting do., T. H. Roux. 

Mossel Bay. 
C.C. and R.M.