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a • 



- K^GSS^ 








1 N T H E 

Netherlands and upon the Shine: 


A Dcfcription of all the Divifions and Sub- 
divifions. Rivers, Fortified and odierconfi- 
derable Towns, in die Ten Cadiolick Provinces, 
die South- Weft Part of Germany the Frontiers 
of France towards each, and all Lorraine in- 
eluding the whole Scene of Military Operations, 
that may be expefted during thd Homlides in 
thofe Countries. 


A GsNSRAL Map, fixcy eight Plans of Fortified 
Places, and ieventeen particular Maps, upon a 
laiger Scale, of the Territories round moft of 
the chief Cities. 


A (hort Introduction to the Art of Fortificatiott^ 
containing Draughts and Explanations of the principal 
Works in Military Architedure, and the Machines 
and Uteniils neceiurv either in Attacks or Defences : 
Aifo a Military Dictionary, more copious than 
has hitherto appeared, explaining all the Technical 
Terms in the ocience of War. 



Printed for J. Brindley, BooJcfeller to his Royal Highnefs 

the Prince of Wal ks, at the Feathers i n Niw-Bwd-breet. 


K H <s. s^s-^ 




OCT 191943/ 


TO THfi 
Right Honourable 

JOHN, Earl of STAIR, 
Field Marshal, 


Commander in Chief of hisMA jEsTT*i 
Forces in South-Britain^ 

Kniebt of the moft Antient Order of th* 



pne of his Majesty's Moft Honouiabl^ 

Prixy Council % 


Theatre of the Present War, 

in the Netherlands and upon the Bbine^ ice. 


With all SobmiiEon, infcrib^dL 
By hb Lordship's 
Mofi 0iedii9t, 

And mojt Hitmi/i Servmitt, 


< . 

• ' * . 

^«. ^ 

• - • 

* . i. 

* « 

. . * 

! ■ ■ i f i«— —^^i 



JJV the Comnfoh Priot of this Work is 
containe4 not the Geography only^ iut a 
Sketch of the Hi/iory^ general and par^ 
iia^Iar^ (f all the Provinces and Cities 
that come within the Compafs of our JPlan^ the 
whole being continued down to the prefent Tear. 
Thus in Jpeaking of the Netherlands in gene^ 
raly i^ter defcribing their Situation^ Extent^ 
and Divifions^ a jhort Review is taken of all 
the Revolutions they have undergone y from the 
Time of the Romans, //// they defcended to the 
prefent ^een ^Hungary, as Heir of the Houfe 
^'Auftria. When we come to Flanders, the 
Jame ExaBnefs is found in the Defcription*, 
and then follows a Chronology of the Sove- 
reigns of that County for almoft nine hundred 
Xearspaft. In the Cities of Ghent, Bruges, 
Oftcnd, &;c, winch are all fituated in Flap- 
ders, whatever memprable has been recorded 
concerning each of them refpeSlively^ the Rea^ 
^dcrwtll fee carefully inferted. 

in like Manner y fp^^^ng of the Rhine, the 

yvhole Courfe of that River is Jirft minutely 

defaribed'y andthenp folUmi^gihe Stream of^t 

from Baiil in Switzerland, dmn to Fort Schenk 


$n the Frontiers of the United Provinces (which 
is the wboie of it that has ufually been the Seat 
of War) we take the Countries as they lie 
on the Right and Leftj and the Towns^ &a in 
thofe federal Ckmntrtes : hitermixing Jlill Hffio^ 
ry with Geograthy^ to diyerffy the Matter^ and 
make it agreeaok. 

But the Copper-plate Work in this Book, or 
the Representative Geography and Topography 
of the Places we defcribe, is that wherein we 
frofefs particularly to make it excel. Befide 
the general Map, (which, tho^ it includes the 
whole Scene of wr Theatre, is for the Conve- 
nience of opening not made large) there are fmr 
particular Maps of the Courfe of the Rhine, an-- 
nex'dto the Plans ©/ Schlcftadt, Philipsbui^, 
Rhinfelds, and fionn, including together all 
that Part of it which concerns us ; and thirteen 
other fmall ones^ upm Scales fufficiently large^ 
of thofe Parts of the Netherlands round the 
principal Towns y that are mofi likely to be the 
Seats of JiBion. Thofe Towns that are not ac- 
companied with Maps will be generally found in 
fome one of the Maps annexed to other Plans^ as 
well as in the general one. We have onfy to ob^ 
ferve of the Map under Arras, that Arras is not 
to be feen in it^ becaufe being included in that 
under Douay, we allotted the Room to another 
DiftriB in the fame Province. Tbefecond Map^ 
of the Rhine has the North downwardsy thrtf a 
Mijiidu of the Engraver ^ contrary to what bai 
^fn ohferved in all the refl i But this is anError 


•/" m great Confe^tence, as av jf iw Notice oj jjt 
to the Reader, 

As to the Art of Fortijicationt vie prefume 
emugb (fit is rtfrefentei tofattsfy the Curio^ty 
of the fflOj/? imutjitive Reader, vm does not pur- 
pofe to make bi^ef a praBical Mister tf that 
Science. For Jucb we did not dejkn our Wcrk^ 
but only to enable every Man to think jt^ly^ and 
talkfenfibly of the Hijiory ^Sieges. 

Much 9f the DiSiioTuiry' that foUaws, is a 
Comment upm the two Plates of Military Arcbi- 
teBuriy , Machines, and Utenjils : But be/idet 
that, it explains all the other Terms and Phra- 
fes in the Art of War, tbeLnportofvrbichvfas 
not capable of being exhibited totbePtew by the 
Engraver, andfome of which are not el/ewhere 
to be met with. Upon the whole, therefore, it 
nmllbe found, that this Piece juflly deferves the 
QutraBer given it in our Title, ybetng a mora 
ct^ious Military Dictionary than \m 
hitherto appeared. 


THE Netherlands ingtnerat l^age i 

The Catbolick Provinces - - . 5 

Flanders - - •- lo 

•Brabant v.- * • - 45 

J^Iarqutfaie of the Empire - - 70 

Mechlin • - • 75, 

Gclderland - , - - . 78 * 

Liihburai - " - - 80 

Liege ^ ' - *• • • 85- 

Namur - - -'. ' ' '97 

Luxemburg • - • ' ' . 103" 

• Haih^ultr - - . - iia. 

Jifrif Caoabrefis • - - - 126 

J)efcription of the River Rhine - -, 143 

Allact in general -' - 147 

■ Lower . - 152 

Upper - - 160 

The Suntgaw * • - 1 62 

- — Brifgaw -. -., 1^4 

— -Qrtnaw - ^ - - - 167 

Palatihdte of the KHnt - - - 170 
places a^oinijig to tie Palatinate . • 184 

Ele£f crate cf Mentz, - • - 193 

■ — Treves * - * 201 

*— * Cologne , - - - 209 

Succejfton d?/Cleves 4ti*tf Juliers - - 222 

Loiyain - - • •241 


■■' ' I 

I N D E X 

N. B. the Towns J wbofe Names are in Capitals j have 
plans of tbem fronting the Pages referred toi But 
vohere there are two Figures after a Namey ti>e firft 
refers to the D'efcripion^ and the other to the Plan^ 
when there are more tha» one upon the fame Plate. 


AETtI 123 

AIRE. 139 
Aix laChapelle 
Altkiik - ' 
Amdnd, St. 
Arlon ^ 

Ariilciltkfcs * 
ARRAS^ Map. 
Avefne le comte 

Jr> Badea 
B^r leduc 

pRjpUfiS ;- 

















^38, IK 





BON, Maf 







Bbtiqaenon ; 

Bhune le Cojnie 



||l> CALAIS 



rUflit^ff Caxnbrefii 
China/ 1 















' 5* 




101, 76 













Creucsuiacth . 




Damvillien * 
















Die, St. 










r^ Bngkieii 

























Fort Knooqae 
Fort de Scheok 


Gcmbloa rs 




















[ Judoigne 

JjV^ Eiferflautem 
IV Keifafwacit 


1 70 




166^ 164 







240, 120 


176, 109 



i6a, 155 



• «7 





I ti D n %, 

izt. no 






Lnneville 244 



MaeTjck 94 

Maifien no 

MANHEIlf 179, 38 

MARSAL "^ 244 


Maricnboxg li} 

MENIN 3S, 38 

MENTZ 195, 159 

METZ 2SZ, 24^ 

Mean 228 

IffecUiii 70 


Michel, St * aco 

MONTMEDll too 

MONS, ilA^ 114 

MoUheim 157 

Mont Royal 193 

Movenvic 245 

Mnlliaiifea 16a 


NAnqr 242 
NAMUR, ilfi^ 99 

Newport 24 

Newenbarg 167 

VwtMl til 

Nicholas, Sc 243 

Ninovc 26 

Nivelle 6$ 

Nomen/ 245 

Nuis 221 


OBerweTd io8 

Offenborg 167 

OMER, St. 135, 27 

OppenheiA 180 

Orchiet 39 

OStEND 2a 

Orfoy 229 



T\Emet 141 

wr Pfirt i6a 

nortaheisi 169 




Plombiere 24$ 

Pont a MooffoA . 250 

Pmim 207 

Patdang^ 249 

^^Ucfnoy i2« 

RAycftda 5$ 

Reca 227 

Reniiremoiit 246 


Rhinberg 220 

Rembnrg 84 

Rolduc 84 

Rodei 119 

Rofierei 24c 
RU RE MO NO 80, 79 

Rttffiich i6t 



Savem^ 157 

Saibrag 2q6 

SARL0UI8 r47» ^4f 


I N 

E X. 




W«/ .8} 

Sarburg, Smbaftle, «tff. 




Ut. Amand 
St. Tron 

St. Truyen 


V , ■!« 

St. Ghillain 




St. OMER 135 

:. 27 


St. VEN ANT 138, 




St. Nicholas 



138, 119 

St. Die 



353' *44 

St. Michel 











■ fiS 











W Wamoon 












* Thuk 




yPRES. «./ 









Z"'* - 




TpUt «S3.'44 

X Jt s 


T H E A T R E . 

9 F THE 


IE Places of Europe^ which 
are now tike to be moft hr- 
mous for the warlike Ex- 
ploits of the Britijh Forces, 
may be reduced to, jfl^ Fian- 
ders^ iMy^ The Courie of die Rhine, 
We fliall begin with Flanders^ or the 
Netherlands^ becaufe it is thp moft remark, 
able ; being the Field where Englijb 
Men, under King /r;'///izm, and the Duke 
of Marlborough, have fo often fignalized 
their Conduft and Bravery, and where the 
fame military Virtues may be again put to 
the fevereft Trial. 

Thefe Provinces were known to the Ro~ of d* 

OTJBj under the Name of £c/j?Vttffj; thofe of^*^' 

them on the South of the Rhine, by that^^ 

■ 0f Cfillia Bf/gica. At prefent they areNanc' 

6 PaUe4 

2 fbe THE4rRS^ 

ealled,fametimestbeLowClw9ifriV ibme- 
t^mes the Nefberlandsy and fometimes Z/^w- 
ifr Germany y -from dieir Situation on die 
lower Part of Ae Wiirte. 

Bounds. They are bounded on the South with 
FrancCy on the Eaft With Germany ^ on the 
North and Weft with the Oc^axu 

Extent. Their Extent is from 49 t>. 20 IVf . to 
the 53 D. 40 M. of Latitude; and from 
the 2d to about the 6thD. 28 M. of Eaft 
Longitude from I/mdon. In Form they 
are f^mewhat triangidar; being in Lengthy 
from the Northermoft Parts of Groningen 
to the South Parts df LuxemBurg^ 290 
Miles ; and in Breadth, from the Weft 
Parts ofArtois to the Eaft Parts oiLuxem-^ 
burgy near 200 Miles. 

Diviiion. They are divided into ievente^i Pro- 
vinces, which are thus diftinguifhed: 


4 Dukedoms, ^^^i;;^^^^ 


7 Coimtics, viz. )*rii2ndcrs. 



I Marquiiate of the JAfy Empire, 


■^ Mechlin or Malines^ 
T jrt.* T5 { Utrecht, 

J Grokingen. 

To vbich wc may add the Arch» 
biAiopnck of Qtmbn^^ and the Bifhopripk 
of Ltegey which ace inclofed in them. 

Thefe PioinAces. weno firft conquered by History, 
the Ramam y afterwards by the Preiicb ; 
gnd then di^dd^d intp iemral Governments 
depending on dke Crowa of France^ tilt 
the Year 1305) when tJi^ were reduced 
to one by Philip |)iike of Burgundy^ 
Then they poiled to the Crown of Spain 
by Mary Henriettay lh\rt& of the Houle 
c£ &irgundy. The Bmp^or Charles the 
y th, having got fix)m Francis I, King of 
France J his Prifbner at Madrid^ a Renun-^ 
elation of the old Right the French had to 
Flanders^ was iblc Maftcr of thefe Pro- 
vinces, in Right of his Mother, thp In-* 
fanta Jane^ pi Arragon and CajUle^ but 
in the Year 1581, fome of them openly 
revolted from Fhilip 11. his Son, Kiug of 
Spain^ having two Years before entered 
into an Union at Utrecht^ to fecure them-^ 
felves from the Cruelties of the Duke of 
Aha their Governor, They were headed 
in their Revolt by the Princes of Orange^ 
^d fopported by the Crowns of Bnghnd 

^ ? * md 

the THEATRE of 

and France. Since that, there are in the 
Netherlands two very different States : The 
one a Republick, called the United Pro- 
vinceSy or Holland^ from the Chief of them : 
The other is called the Begal^ or Catbolick 
Provinces^ ov Flanders^ from the principal 
of thefe Provinces. It is poflcflai partly 
by the Hollander s^ and partly by the French ^ 
who hold the North and South ; and the 
Remainder, or middle Part, which, to 
the Year 1700, belonged to the Spaniards^ 
bemg recovered, in the fucceeding War, 
from the Houfe of Bourbon^ which had 
unjuftly feized it upon, the Death of King 
Charles II, has been, ever fince the Peace 
of Utrecht y in 1 7 1 3 , held by the Emperor 
Charles VI, and his Daughter and Heirefs 
the prefent Queen oi Hungary and Bohemia. 
The United Provinces are eight * in 
Number, viz. 

1 . The County of Holland. 

2. The County oi Zealand. 

3 . The Barony of Utrecht. 

4. The Dukedom of Gelderland in Part. 
K. The County, of Zutphen. 

6. The Barony of Over-IJjeL 
J. The BsLTony of Grc;:ingen. 
8. The Barony of Friejland. 
But thefe Provinces being not like to be* 
come the Seat of War, it wquld be beyond 


* \JU\K^^y called feven only t Zutfben being accounted 
A Part of QtlderlaTid. 



GUT Purpofe to fay any thing particular of 
them, and therefore we pafs to the Catho^ 
lick Provinces. 

Of the Catholick Provinces, or 
Flanders in general. 

THE jiii/irian Nether Ian Jsy or the Nine 
Catbolick Provinces J commonly call'd 
by the general Name of Flanders (the prin- Name, 
cipal of thefe Provinces) including the two 
Fiefs of the Empire, the Archbiihoprick 
of Cambray^ and the Bifhoprick of Liege ^ 
are bounded on the North with the Ocean, Boutds. 
and the United Provinces ; on the Weft, 
or North- Weft, with the Ocean ; on the 
South and South-Weft, with France ; and 
on the Eaft, with Germany. Their Extent Extent. 
South and North is about 1 50 Miles, from 
Tdnonville in Luxemburg to Boijle due m Bra*- 
bant^ and about 1 80 Weft and Eaft, from 
Gravelins in Flanders to jiix la Chapelle on 
the Confines of the Dukedom of Juliers. 
. ' Flanders is generally one of the beft and Quality, 
moft plentifiil Countries in the World; 
extremely populous, and full of excellent 
Towns and Villages, Its Air is good j its 
Soil moft fertile; the People good-natur'd, 
hardy, and laborious. This Country was Riches, 
once fo very rich, that the King of Spain's 
Revenues from thence, when he had all, 
was greater than any Prince's in Chriften- 
dom, the King of France excepted ; but 

B 3 of 

6 The ^ MB At RE if 

(>f late Years the Charge of keeping the(^ 
Provinces has been much greater than the 

Btrcngth. Revenues; The Strength of thefe Parts 
is very great t But many of the Ijeft and 
ilrongefl Places ate in the Pofleffion df thd 
French ; and for a long Time the Houie 
oiAuJiria have not been able to keep tfaofe 
they retain, without the Help either of the 
"Englijh^ Dutchy or Brandenburghers. Thcfe 
latter poifefe Part of the Putchy idHjelder-^ 
hnd, and the ai^bining Dutchy of Cleves^ 

f rafSck., The Traffick in Flanders has been al- 
ways very great ; but now nothing near fo 
inuch as formerly^ by reafon of tlie pro- 
digious Increafe of the United Prcvinces 
within thefe late Years, and more particu- 
larly on account of prohibiting the Navi- 
gation of the Scheldt whereby Antwerp^ 
once the Emporium of Europe^ is in a 
great meafurc ruined* It chiefly confifts 
of feveral Sorts of Manu&dhires, as rich 
Tapeftries, fine Camblets, Serges^ colour-* 
ed Saysj Mock Velvets, great C^ntities 
of fine Linnen^ Damafks^ Cambricks^ 

' TafFaties, Points, Laces, and ftriped Stuffs 

for Beds, which are tranfported into many 
Countries ; all Sorts of Ribbons, Baftard 
Sattins^ and many other things of lilce 
Nature, made at the Cities ofMons, G/jcnf^ 
BruJ/e/sy Tpres^ Lijley Bruges/ Mxh/my 
VnkncienneSy and otheia^ 
i ■ , The 

tie PRESENT WAR- jf 

TiMS Ihlmbitants of thefe Provinces oan- iniiabi- 
M of Flemmings, Walloons, Spaniards, with **""•• 
£)me Intermixtmc of Frenct, Ikach, Eng^ 
Kft>y and of kte Years Germans. The Reli^ Religion. 
gion among them is various, acx:ording to 
mek fevcrai Nations. In AofePlaces which 
ace in the Po&flion of the jiujiriam and 
French^ that of the Roman Church alone 
is pubiickly allowed, and the Protejiants 
tolerated out of Policy by the Jufirians 
only. G^ the contrary, in thoie Places 
that belong to the Hollanders, the Pro^ 
tefiant is only pubiickly exerciied, and 
the Popijh fuffered in private. The Arch- 
bifhopricks and Bifhopricks are ail Roman 

The Languages moft generally uied in Langaago 
theie Parts are Walhon and Fkmmijb. The 
Walloon is a com^ French, ipoken in v^-> 
tpis, Haimmlt, Namur, Luxembttrg, French 
Flanders, Part of Brabant, and of the 
Bi(hoprick of Liege. The Flemmijh, or 
Low^Dutfh, is a Dialedt of the German, 
ipoken in the Marquifate, Aiifi:irir;i, Part of 
Brahant, Flanders, and the reft of tho 
Bifhc^rick of Liege. The French is much 
in ufe among the better Sort in general. 
The German was introdc&ced there by the 
Duke of Bavaria, Governor of the Spa-- 
nift> Netherlands gt the End of the laft 
Century, and is now eftabUQied at tho 

B4 Court 

fcourt of Brujjels by the Aujlrian Govern^ 
Riven, The two principal Rivefs of thefe Parts 
iare the Maet or Meufe^ and the &cheld or 

1 . The Maes^ Lai, Mofa^ has its Source 
in France near Mount de Vauge in the Bi-j 
fhoprick of Langres m Champagne ^y pafied 
thro' Char iemont, Bouvines^ Dinant^ Na^ 
mur^ (where it receives the River Sambre) 
Huy\ ljiege\ Maeftricht^ Roermont^ Venh^ 
and Grave ^ and falls into the fFahal 
(a Branch of the Rhine) near Hervoer^ 
den^ where it takes the Name of Merive^ 
^nd having formed an Ifland called TffeU 
mcnde^ near Dordrecht^ runs ' into th& 

2. The Scbela has its Source in Picardy\ 
a Province in France^ and having wafhed 
the Towns of Cambray^ Falenciennes^ 
Tournay, Oudenafd^ Ghent ^ znd jintwerp^ 
and embraced fomeof the Iflandsof Z^/z-- 
land'^ it falls into the Ocean big with the 
Waters of the Rivers Zjyj, Lieve^ Dender^ 
and RjupeU 

Archti- In thefe Provinies are tWo Archbi-i 

S£ ^opricks, viz, Cambray and Mechlin ; and 

ftiopricks. eleven Biftidpricks, viz. Att^werp^ Boijle^ 

duc^ Bruges^ Ghent ^ Ruremond^ and Tpres^ 

under Mechlin y Namur^ jirras^ St. Omers^ 

and T^Qurnay^ under Cambray j and Liege ^ 


_ -aw" 


tinder Cologne in Germany, Here are alfo Towns 
iSS Citie!; of Walled ToWfis, and nearj^^^^^^ 
7000 Villages, befides the Cailies, Forts, 
and Noblemen's Hoiifes, which arc almoft 
innumerable. The chief City of the 
whole was j4niiverp ; but BruJfeU is now chief 
the ffloft "remarkable, having bdert long^**7' 
the Seat of the Spanijh and German Go- 
vernors. The chief City of the French is 
Lijki of thd Hollanders^ Boijkduc or 
Mdefiricht ; and of the Biihop of Liege ^ 
Liege, ^ 

The Governfheftt of this Codhtry did Govern-^ 
belong to the Spaniards : But at prefent"**^: 
the jiujirians^ their Succeffors, have only 
about two Thirds of Flanders and Brabant^ 
about half Hainault and Limburg^ the 
greateft Part of Luxemburg^ and all JViz- 
mur. The French have Artois^ Cambray^ 
a little of LuMmburgy about half of 
Hainault^ a third of Flanders^ and a 
quarter of the Bifhoprick of Liege. The 
Hollanders have about half of Limburg^ 
hear a third of Brdbanty a fixth Part of 
Flanders^ and a fmall Part of the Bifhop- 
rick of Liege,. The Bifhop of Liege has 
the Remainder of that Province. 

Flanders^ comprehending the Cambrejis^ Bivifidn* 
the County of Ltege^ and Part of Gelder-- 
iand^ is divided into twelve Parts, viz. 

I* The 

iof ne^ME^rRB^ 



2. The Dukedom «* ^,u-^r> - . /• 
^^/ >^p»t4l of 

^the wJbofe. 

Bofy Emfirt S Btflioprick. 

4. The Lordfhip oSMechKn \ ^^^" 

5. Part of the Dukedom of? ^ ,, 

Qelders 5 ^'^^''-'' 

6. The Dukedom of Limiurg Limburg. 

7. The County of J^/>^^ Uege Bp. 

8. The County oiNamur NamurB^^ 

9. The Dukedom of Luxem^ ^ Luxem- 

burg ^ iarg-. 

10. The County of Hainault M^ns. 
I !• The Gz;^*re^5 ^ S^"^ 

12. The County of Artois Arras Bp. 
We ihall fpeak of each of thefc in their 

Of the County of Flanders^ properly fo 


ri, ANDERS is the firft County of the 
* Low CountrieSy and the moft confider- 
ablc and noble in all Chriftendom. Some 
derive its Name from FlanJrinay Wife to 
Lideric II. Prince of BuCy and great For- 
refter of Flanders ^ who govern 'd it under 



Cbarkmaigni^ sutd Lewis the Ikhnair^ 
Others fetjch it from Flambert^ Nej^cvr 
to Qodion ICin^ oi ^rance^ who havkg 
married Blejutda^ Daughter to G^lduems^ 
King of the ^utbimans^ drove the Rxf* 
mans out of ^ Bewick GauL 

This Province bordors on the North BonAds; 
upon the Ocean^ and the Mouth of the 
Beheld^ icalled the ihnt^ which divides it 
from Zealand: On the Wef^ it has the 
Ocean and Part of jlrtok : On the South, 
jlrtois and Hainault : And on the £aft> 
Part of Hainault and BrabanU 

It is e:ctend^ South and North about Extent 
70 Miles, and near as much Weft and £ai):» 

It is a very Ane and rich Country \ moft Quality, 
plentifiil in Com and Paftures ; has Fij(h 
m Abundance ^ afibrds black Cattle and 
warlike Horles« There uied to be reckcm'd 
in it a8 or 30 WalPd Townfi, and fonM 
others of no fmall Conflderation j 1 154 
Villages; 48 Abbeys^ and a great NunsK 
ber of Priories, Colleges and Monafteries. 
But the two laflWarS) and the Alterations 
of Property thence wiiuing, hav€ made 
JTome Variations in thofe Particulars^ which 
are not eafy to enun>erate» It is in moft 
Places fo populous^ that the Spaniards who 
followed PA/V/^ IL in Flanders^ wereufed 
to fay, that the whole Was but one City* 
It has five VifcountieS| Ghent ^ Tpres^ Fur^ 


\ti the THEATRE of 

fies^ Wynoxberg^ and Harlebeck ; three 
Principalities, Steenhuyfe^ Gavre^ and £- 
pinoy ; five Sea-ports, Gravelim^ Dunkirk^ 
Newport y OJiend^ and Sluys. And 31 
Chattelenies or Caftellanfhips. 
ttiftoiy. This Province was heretofore governed 
by Earls, who did Homage to the King 
of France 5 as did alfo Philip Duke of 
Burgundy y after Flanders was fiiUen to him 
by marrying Margaret Daughter of Lewis 
Malatin^ Earl of Flanders^ in 1369. This 
Country pafling afterwards into the Houfe 
of Aujiria^ by the Marriage of the Heirefs 
of the Houfe of Burgundy ^ Charles V. 
as we have already hinted, when he took 
Francis I. Prifoner, in the Battle of Pa- 
via in Italy ^ enfranchis'd it fi-om that Ser- 
vitude. But afterwards, ift King Philip 
IPs Time, it was extremely curtaiPd and 
harrafs'd ; which made many of the In- 
habitants retire into England : And this 
did not only depopulate Flanders^ but im- 
poverifh*d it confiderably, by carrying 
away a great Part of its Trade. The 
Hollanders revolting at the fame Time, 
added to its Calamities by a War of forty 
Years Continuance, and the French have 
within a Century paft made great Deva- 
ftations in tliis fine Country. 

the PRESENT WAR. 13 

A Cbronobgical Succejwn of the Earls of 


Tior •four Lord, G§v, 

1 TlAldnvinl.lxonQ,^ 860 \yj*^* 

2 -" Baldmn 11. the Bald 878 40 

3 Arnoldl. the Great 918 45 

4 Arnold IL the Young 963 26 

5 Baldwin IV. 989 45 

6 Baldwin V. of Lijle 1034 33 

7 Baldwin VI. of iif(?«J 1067 3 

8 Arnold III, theUnfbrtunate 1 070 i 
gRciertl. the Friejlander 1071 22 

I o Robert IL of Jerufalem 1 093 1 8 

I I Baldwin VII. Hapeule mi 7 
12. Charles the Good of 7 « 

Denmark ^ ^ 

I ^2 William the Norman, or 2 

14 Thierry of Aljatia 1 128 40 

1 5 jPA/7/^ of Aljatia 1 168 23 
J 6 Baldwin VIII. the Brave 1 1 97 4 
17 Baldwin IX. Emperor ? 

ofConJlantinople ^^^^^ " 

28 3^m;i 1206 38 

19 Margaret I. 1244 31 

20 Guy Dampierre 1275 30 

21 Robert III. of Bethune 1305 17 

22 Z/^J IL of Cr^a . 1322 24 


:,4 7& TBBJTRB cf 

23 Lewis IJJ, Malatin \'uf> 38 

2.j^ Margaret It, 1384 20 

5^5 %^ the Undwint^d, op> 

SansPeur S ^+^4 1 5 

26 Pi6f//^ the Good 14 19 48 

27 Cbarks ie HarM 1467 10 
sS Aforjr of BurgtmJy 1477 ^ 
agPm^infjit^ria 1482 24 

30 Qwhs V, Emperor 1505 49 

3 1 PArV/]^ U, King <rf fij^i»» j.555 43 

3 2 Bli?^ti> Clara Eugenia^ I q o 
Gto^ejj^sforP^'4lIU*59« 3» 

2'^PhilipJ\f,l^vagG^£pain 1636 29 
34(^riifrlL KagQf5/uzi;9 1^5 35 
35CS&#rttfVI. En^wor 1700 40 
36 M(^ria Shertfii (^gacn ^ Now 

. The chief Rivers arc 
Rivers. J, The So^eUy whidi iiere wafl<e» 
^oumay^ Oudenard^ Ghent, and Antnx^rp^^ 
and foon .after Ms into ^e S«« 

2« Thc.Z^j, which liere wailies Armen^ 
tier^, Ifynm, Countnt^^ and I>^n/e, and 
falls into the iScbsrfd pt G^^«/, 

3. The D^^^r, ' which wafliQS Ge^s^ 
berg^ Niensve^ and Aeljiy and cafts its Wa^ 
ters into, the Scheld at Dendermmd. 

4. Tfc^ iSr^r/, whidi wafhcs Dtmay 
^nd St. Amand, and then difch^es itfelf 
into the &^eld. 


/i&^ PRESENT WAR y^ 

FJatidirs has been commonly divided Divifioo: 
into tbifee Parts. 

1. Ftetnifth'Flanders or Flammingant^ 
where the Country Language is fpoken. 
It is extended from the North Sea to the 
River Lys. 

2. French dr GalUcan Flanders ^ where 
French h maft in nfe. It lies on the South 
of Flafttmif^ant^ and on die North of 
Camdre^s^ md bordei^ the ScheU on the 
Eaft, and I^s on theWeft. We may now 
add to this all the South quite to the Sea, 
which is under the French. 

3* J^nperial^FhnderSy which lies chiefs 
ly between the beheld and the Dender^ and 
comprehends the Covuity of jiloft^ and 
the four Offices which formerly belonged 
to the Emperor. 

Flanders has alfo been divided into Teu^ 
tonic ^ fFalbmy Imperial, and Dutch. The 
firft Ues between the Seaand the Lys-, the 
fecond between the Lys and the Scheld ; 
the third betwem the Scheld and Brabant ; 
and the fourth on the North of them all. 

But the moftiifual Divifion, is according 
to ijts Mailers, which are at prefent the 
AuftrianSy the French, and the Dutch, as 
we may fee in the following Table. 



rbe THEATR E ef 

Ghent yBi{h.Cap^ 

Bruges, Bifh. 

IY>res, Bifli. 

^oumay, BiiK 
j Courtray, 
I Menifiy 

I ♦ Aiiftrian'-FIanders^^ N^^ytort 
m which the moft re-^ r^^^^^^j 

1 'J 

markable PUcQs ar?» • 

' jihji ox Aeljt, 
XPeynJe^ &c. 


r LilleorRiJfelS^^. 

2. French. Flanders^.^y^^^'^^^ 
ip which are ^ ^J^' 

St. Amandy 
V j!lr^^ntiereSy 

3. Dutcb^FlanderSy 
in which aie 



' ( 


t)efcription of the Chief Towns inF hA N-* 


f^HENT or Gaunt, Gandm French, g^^, 
^^ in Latin, GanJa, Gandavum, or 
Gandavium, is one of the largeft Cities in 
Europe, being feven Miles inCompafs with- 
in the Walls 5 but not one half of this Ex- 
tent is built on, They give out, that it 
was founded by Julius Cafar in a very 
commodious Place forTrading,on theCon-* 
lluence of the Rivers Scheld and Lys, with 
fome others of left Note, which ran thro' 
it, and divide it into 26 Iflands, which are 
joined together by as many great Bridges, 
and 72 little ones. It is well wall'd and 
trench'd about, and the private Buildings 
for the moft part fair and ftately. There 
are a great many Water and Wind-rMills ; 
feven Churches, and fifty-five Monafteries 
or Hofpitals ; feveral Market-places, and 
a Market on Friday that was wont to have 
no Equal in Europe, TheCaftle, which 
is the Prince's Palace, contains as many 
Rooms as there are Days in the Year^ 
There the wooden Oadle of Charles Vj 
who was born in it, is ftill to be feen^ 
The Cathedral is a moft magnificent Bitildv 
5ng, and the Tower Bell fort is above 400 

C Stepj 

i8 rbe THE At RE rf 

Steps high. The Town-houfe is alfo 
worth taking Notice oL The Citadel 
confifts of four regular Baftions j but lies 
not fo very convenient as many others ia 
thefe Parts. This City is the Seat of the 
ParHament or Provincial Court of Flan-- 
dtn ^ yet one may appeal from it to the 
ftprcme Court of Mechlin^ which judges 
without fiirthcr Appeal. The Trade of 
this City confifts chiefly in Cloths, Stuffs, 
and SiHc?, of which mere is fo great a 
Qjmntity made, that, among the 50 Com- 
p"Snies of Tradcfmen, thofe relating to 
Coifrmodities of this Nature, make one 
l^hird. It ftands about 14 Miles from 
the ^,. 27 Miles S. W. of Antwerpy 
36 N. W. of Bruffels, 94 S. of Amjier- 
dafn^ 154^' ■^- of Faris^ and 160 E. of 
London. Eaft Long. 3 D. 40 M, Lat. 
CI D. 6 M. 

Fifty Thoufahd Inhabitants of this City, 
Under thfe Standard of Gaunt y have former- 
ly been fortnidable to the neighbouring 
Stdtes, dnd their Princes themfelves, in the 
Reigns of Vhiltp of Vnlots and Charles VI. 
Kings of France. In 1539, they revolt- 
ed frcto thte Etnperbr Charles V. and v/culd 
have jiiit themfelves under the Protection 
of Francis I. Kinj^ of FrancCy who not 
Only refofed their Offer, but gave the Em- 
|)er6r free Paflage thiro* his Dominions 


the PRESENT WAR. 19 

into the Low^Gountries. The Emperor, 
having redujc'd them to Obedience, put 
to Death thirty of the principal Burgefles, 
and baniifli'd a great Niunber j took froni 
them their Artillery, Arms, and Privileges, 
and built a Citadel to qqrb them for the 

This City was invefted by the French 
King's Orders the firft of March 1678, 
On the fourth theKing in Pcrfon c a ne be* 
fore it. The jBefie^ed to no Purpofe cut 
their Dykes, and drowned Part of the 
Country ; for the King lodged his Forces, 
^nd preffed fo vigorously the Siege, that on 
the ninth of the fame Month, the Town 
land Citadel were both carried. It was 
fcftored to xh^Spaniards-2i:xMt four Months 
after by thcTr^ty of Nimegtien, Tht French 
feiz'd it again upon the Death oi Charles 
11. King oi Spain in 1700 ; but it furren» 
der'd to the Allies after the Battle of Ram 
millies in 1706, In 1708 the French fur^ 
prized it, together witn Bruges^ and threw 
an Army into it for its Defence : But after 
the Surrender of the Citadel of Lijle^ at 
the End of the fame Year, they wero 
obliged to furrender it back to the Allies 1 

in a few Days Siege, and ever fince it \m 
remained to the Houfe of Aufiria, 

C a Bruges, 



,6 tberHEATREof 


11. BrugeSj Brugge^ or Bruggeriy Lat. Bru^ 

Bruges, ga^ and Bruga^ fo called froni the gre^ 
Number of its Bridges, is fituated in a 
great Plain, within eight or nine Miles of 
the Sea, upon the Canal called Reye^ which 
being divided into feveral navigable Dykes^ 
runs in divers Places of the City, and after- 
wards thefe join in the fame Canal, which 
goes to Sluys. But this laft Town be- 
longing to the Hollanders^ the Inhabitants 
of Bruges^ about 8o Years ago, made a 
new Canal which goes to OJiend^ that is 
but about three Leagues from it, where 
the Tide mpimtiqg above half Way, it 
bears Ships of 400 Tons to Bruges^ which 
maintains a ftanding Trade there. Yet 
it flourifh'd much more in former Days, 
before Merchants had bethought of re- 
tiring to jintwerp. Pope Paul IV. erefted 
Bruges into a Bifhoprick, Suffragan of Afo- 
lineSj in 1559, at the Requeft of King 
Philip II. and Peter Curtius was the firft 
Prelate of it. This is one of the greateft 
and beautifiilleft Cities in Flanders^ being 
about five Miles in Circuit, fortified with 
good Ditches, great Ramparts, and ftrong 
Walls.^ The publick Buildings are very 
fumptuous; the Streets lai'ge and ftrait, 
with feveral fine Squares, and chiefly that 
of the Market, whereat fix great Streets 


.m* • «>■ k 




• • 



»•». » » 

the PRESENT WAR ^i; 

begin, that lead in a ftrait Line to the ^xsi 
principal Gates of the City, There are 
icven Parifli Churches. The Cathedral 
is that of St. Donat or Donatian. The 
Provoft of the Collegiate-Church ufed to 
be Prefident in the Court called St. Donate 
and hereditary Chancellor of Flanders i 
but this Dignity has been united to the 
Epifcopal Title, and the Biihop enjoys the 
Privilege now. Befides St. Donate there 
are the Collegiate Churches of St. Salva^ 
dor and Our Lady^ the Abbies of St. An-- 
drew and Audemburgy and about 60 Re* 
ligious Houfes. At the Side of the Ca- 
thedral is the Biihop's Palace, and qver- 
againft it is a great Market-place, where 
the Town-houfe is, an ancient Building 
enrich'd with Figures, and divers curious 
Pieces of Sculpture. The Caftle alio de- 
fences to be feen. Juftice is rendered here 
by fix Magiftrates, who all have a parti- 
cular Jurifdiftion. The Canal of Bruges 
is navigable up to Ghent. There is alio 
the Water-houfe, with an admirable Ma- 
chine to convey Water into all the Quar- 
ters of the City. The Natives have a 
great Trade here in Wooll, Silk, Cotton, ' 
Gfr. There are a great many Tradefmen 
who makeFuftians, Tapeftries, Cloths, and 
StuiFs of Silk. They are divided into 68 
Profcflions. This City had a Share in the 

C 3 Troubles 

fl4 ^ 9%e TBBJiTkE of 

Troubles of the Low*-Counfries during the 
^ Civil Wars. The Bnglijh lofirtg CaldtJ 
in 1558, removed the Staple for Wool! to 
BrugeSj.2nd thit for fome Tiriie preferV*d 
it from decay iiTg* Pbilip 1. King oiSpain^ 
^asbom here in 1478* Bruges having 
been taken by the Confederates In 'i7Cf6> 
vras iiirpriz'd by the Frehcb in 1708, at 
the fame Tiitie sis Ghent y but fubmitted 
again to the Allies at the End of the fame 
Year, and has ever fince continiied to the 
Houfe oiAuJlria. It ftands 24 Miles al- 
moft N. W. of Ghent ^ 1 1 E. df OJtend^ 
54 N. E. oi Dunkirk^ 40 W. oiAiPuoerps 
EaftLoi^. 3D. 4 M. Lat'51 D. 17 M. 

Ow. <' Q/^^'^^j -^^^* Oftenda, rs a Sea-port 
Town, feated in a Marfh, at the Mouth 
of the River Guele^ and among divers 
Channels : But is chiefly invironed almoft 
oh all Sides by two of the largeft of them, 
into which Ships of the greateft Bulk may 
enter with the Tide. It is very well for- 
tifieB^ having a ftrong Rampart, a deep 
Ditch, arid eight regular Baftions* It is 
contrived fo, that the Sea may be let in 
round the Town for a great Space, which 
makes it much more ftrong and defenfible 
tlian before, and as It were impregnable. 
The QiKen of Htmgnry pofr;:{res no other 
Port in Planders but this and Neivport^ 


the PRESENT WA«. ^ 

and diis bein^ the moft cotifiidkrabk, the 
Haven has bepn eol»gj^^ apd a gres^ 
Woijc complisted, 9^ order to |l^e iCfsv^^ 
tng of their Ships ovq-.intp thie Cut whic)i 
^oes from Oftcnd to BntgeSy oift of the^r 
Harbour, by the means of a vs^ Recep- 
tacle of Water which communicates ^t}i 
both. The Town ftands low, Imt U^ 
Streets are fkratt, large, aod yni^nn. Th^ 
Haven is ilich, that it i^an never be.block^ 

«p. This Town .was bpfi^ed firQpi 3^ 5* 
1 60 1, t9 September 22» 1604, by thciS^^ 

fiiards^ being then in the Hands of the £&/- 

Janders', and at laft was ipncndered upon 

;good Articles, after a Siege of three Years, 

three Months^ three Weeksi, thr^ Pays, 

and three Hours ^. Its ftout Defence againft •Sofi^ 

the Arch-duke ^4fifer/ oijiujiria, andthe^^J;*-^ 

Marquis Ambrofe Spinola may 1>e vtVLi^lyg 

afcribed to the Supplies from Eng^ndy and Data m- 

the Conduft of Sir Francis .Vere. T^^'^J^ 

Spaniards\oiky% lO^Menbefore this Place : not. 

Tho* iwhen the Arch- duke Juivefted it, 

they did not exped: it {hould hold out a 

Fortnight i wHch made the Dutchefs vqw 

ihe would :never fhift her Smock till it 

was taken. The Number of thofe that 

were killed, or died in the Town during 

the Siege, were little \t& than 30,000. 

Not that fo many Men were in the Place 

2t once, but Supplies were continually 

C 4 fend- 

{tnAm^ from England znd Holland* Ojlend 
Hands about nine Miles N. E. oiNenvport^ 
1 1 W. of Bruges^ 20 S. W. of Sbiysj and 
almoft 3 5 W, of Ghent ^ Eaft Long. 2 D. 
50 M. Lat. 51 D- 18 M. This Town 
was feizcd by the French upon the Death 
of Charles II, and taken by the Allies af- 
ter the Battle of Rami Hies m 1706. The 
EaJi'India Company erefted here by the 
late Emperor gave" great Offence to the 
Englijh and Dtachy till it was abolifhed in 

IV- Ne^tvport IS a Arortg Sea-port Town. 
l^^farf. ^^^ j.^j^ j^j^^ jTj^^i^ rons on one Side 

of itj whichj tho' but a mean Channel, 
yet where it falls into the Sea makes a con« 
fiderable long and fecure Havens efpecially 
at high Tides. This Town is of good 
Strength) has broad and ftrait Streets; but 
the Houfe^ are generally low, and moft 
Part of Timber. The Inhabitants fiipport 
themfelves chiefly by the Fifliing- Trade. 
It ftands nine Miles S. W. of Ojlend^ 1 6 
N* E. of Dunkirk, 1 9 almoft W. of Bribes, 
and 40 W. of Ghent. Eaft Long, 2 D. 
3 8 M. Lat. 5 1 D. 1 4 M. Prince Mau-* 
rice of Najfau gave the Spaniards a great 
Defeat near this Place in 1 600. Newport 
was confirmed to the late Emperor by the 



Treaty of Utrecbty and has ever fincc be- 
longed to his Family. 

Oudenard, Oudenarde^ Lot. Al^nar^ V. 
dum, is divided by the Beheld in tvro Parts, ^^^^^^^ 
and fecured by a Caftle^ called Famele^ 
which is joined to the Town by a Bridge 
over that River, This is a rich Place, 
and drives a great Trade by the ' Mahu- 
fedhireofTapeftry, which flourifhes here. 
This Town was taken by the French in 
J 658 ; reftored by the Pyrenaan Treaty, 
and retaken by them again in 1667 ; be- 
iieged without Succefs by the Spaniards in 
1674, but by the Peace of Nmeguenn* 
ftored to them in 1679. The French^ 
who had feized it witn the other Tovsms 
in Flanders^ liirrendercd it to the Allies in 
1706. They befieged it in 1708, but 
abandoned the Siege upon the Approach 
of the Confederate Army, which they en- 
gaged near it, and were utterly defeated* 
The Prince oi Hanover y now our Sove- 
reign, was prefent in this Battle. It 
ftands 14 Miles S. oi Ghent ^ and 36 W. of 
Brujfels. Eaft Long, 3D. 3 5 M. Lat 5 1 

D. 15 M. 

Aloft, by the Natives Aelfty is the Capi- - vi. 
tal City of the Imperial Flanders^ on the -"^^ 
jLiver Dender. It had formerly Counts of 


1$ ne THEATRE of 

ks own, and fafFemd very much in tbe h& 
Age. The Spaniards fiitprized it in 1 576^ 
and committed a thoufand Diforders. In 
1582 the Duke of .^oi^ made himffelf 
Mailer of it : Afier which the EngJt^, 
who had it in keepiag, fold it to the 
Prince of Parma, Govjemor of the Nether^ 
landu In 1 667, the French took it, but 
•ceftored it to die Spaniards unfortified 
It was abandoned to the Allies in that 
general JEvacuation oi Ait French m 1706, 
after ithe Battle 6£Rami/lieSy thoy having 
kept in near ifix Years. The Territory of 
jilofi comprehends about :i70 Villages, 
the -County of /f^eSy and four Cities, 
which Avet€icalled OSices^viz^Hul^^Axtle^ 
Bouchouty and Ajfenede. This City ftands 
between Brujjils and Ghent y about 15 
Miles fi-om each. Eaft Long. 3 D. 58 
M. Lat. £1 D. 

VII. NinovCy or Nienove^ is a fmall inconfi- 
Kinwe. derable Town, fortified but in the laft Age, 

in the Territory of -/%?, on the River 
Bender ; feven Miles S. of ^/^, 1 3 W.'of 
BruJfelSy and 17S.E. a£Gbe7iL Long. 3 
D. 54 M. Lat. 50 D. 56 M. 

VIII. Grammonty or Geerjhergy is another 
Qrmmmt{m2iX Town, South five Miles of the for* 

mer, upon the fame KwoxDender. Thcfc 


, /^PRESENT WAR. 27 

Places, as well as Aloji^ have belonged to 
the Houfe of Aujlria ever fiftce thte Peace 
of Utrecht, 

Vijle, Lille^ Lat. Infuta, Dutch, Ryf^ ix. 
fel, feated on the fmall River Deulk, took ^'>* 
its Name, becaufe in former Times it 
Was Wholly fiirrounded with Water and 
Marflies, which now, by the Indnftry 
of the Inhabitants, are drained. It wras . 
built by Baldwin IV, the Hairy, Count of 
Planners, in 1007; and his Son B/^/^/w/« V, 
the Pious, or Baldwin of Lille ^ who was 
bom here, walled it in 1066, andadorn'd 
it with a magnificent Church, and a fine 
Monaftery. It is now the Capital City of 
Prencb Flanders, and is ufually called 
Little Paris, Lewis XIV. took it fron;! 
the Spaniards in 1667, and it was after- 
Wards yielded to him by the Peace oiAix 
la Chapelle in 1668 j after which he built 
a Citadel to fecure it, flanked with five 
great Baftions, whofe double Ditches are 
filled with the River Deulle. All thefe 
new Fortifications enclofe a Suburb, which 
has greatly enlarged the City. In a word, 
the Works of this Place were looked upon 
4 AS the Mafter-.piece of the famous Vauban^ 

Neither has the Induftry of the Inhabitants 
lefs contributed to theGreatnefs and Riches 
of Lijle^ by the many Silk Manufactures 


JzS rbe THEATRE of 

made here, than the Royal Encouragement ^ 
fo that it is raifed to be third City in {tvtLov/ 
Countries^ next to jimflerdam and Antwerp^ 
For the Convenience of tranfporting its 
Wares, it is accommodated with a Canal 
derived from the River LySy which mns 
not far from this City. It ftands 1 5 Miles 
W. oiTournay^ 36 S. oi Ghent ^ 37 S, E. 
of Dunkirky and 3 8 almoft W. of Mons, 
Eaft Long. 2 D. 58 M. Lat. 50 D. 43 M. 
Lijle was befieged by the Confederates in 
1708, and taken after two Months : But 
the Citadel held out about fix Weeks 
longer. It was reftored to Lewis XIV. by 
the Treaty of Utrecht y and has ever fince 
belonged to the French. 

X. IpreSy or TpreSy Lat. Ipra^ Ipra^ 

^^'- Ipratuniy Dutchy Tpereny takes its Name 
from the Brook Tperle that runs through 
it. It is fuppofed to have been built by 
Baldwin III, Son of Count Arnulphus I, 
about 960, and that it was not wall'd till 
1288, by the Confent of Fhilip tJje Fairy 
King of France. It is now a very rich 
City, and has many fair Churches, whereof 
that of St. Martin is the Cathedral. The 
Biflioprick eftabliflied here by Paul IV, in 
1559, isundertheArchbifhopof Aff^M/7. 
yanfeniusy whofe Book occafioned the fa- 
mous Difpute with the Jefuits, was Bifliop 


1 1 




the PRESENT WAR; gg 

of Tpres. This City has been reckoned 
the third in Flanders^ and has feven Cbat-- 
telanies^ or Jurididtions, of which Cajfel 
has 24 fmaller Jurifdiftions under it. The 
Country about it is extremely fruitful, 
and its Situation contributes much to its 
Strength. It is very well built, and befides the 
Churches, it has many fumptuous Buildings 
and Palaces : That of the Lordihip is great 
and ftately, as alfo the Draper's Hall. The 
City is famous for its Mapu^dures in 
Woollen and Silk, and has feveral Fairs, 
whereof that in Lent is the principal. This 
City was taken by the French the 26th of 
March y 1678, and was yielded to them 
by the Treaty of Nimeguen. It continued , 
in their. Hands till the laft War, when it 
fell under the viftorioug Arms of the Con- 
federates, and was confirmed to the Em- 
peror Charies VI, by the Peace of Utrecht 
The Dutch garrifon it, as one of their 
Barrier-Towns. It lies 1 6 Miles N. W. of 
Lijky 18 S. of Newport y 23 almofl E. of 
Dunkirk^ and 3 5 S. W. of Ghent, Long, 
2 D. 50 M. Lat. 50 D, ^j M. 

^ our nay y hat, Hornacunty Incol. Door-- XI. 
nicky lies upon the Scbeldy with a Bifhop* '^'»'*^* 
rick Suffragan of C^w^r/jy, whofe firfl Pre- 
late was St. Prat in 623. It is very an- 
tient, being mentioned in Antonine's Itine- 

3o . riJi TNBjiTRE of 

raiy, and in the iithEpiftle of Styi?AV/?!r. 
The Town is very ftrong, and defended 
by a Caftle, faid to have been built by the 
Eng/ijh, The French made themfelves 
Mafters of it in 15185 but Charles V, re- 
. took it from them in 1 521, i^j XIV, 
took it from the Spaniards in 16671 ^nd 
kept }t by the Peace of Jiix la Cbapelle^ 
till it was tak^p from him by the Allies in 
Jwze 1709, By the Peace that followed 
it bccarne Part of the J^ytch Barrier, and 
fo continued at the Beginning of the pre- 
fent War, The French King rendered it 
n:iuch (Iropger than it was formerly by 
new Fortifications, The Cathedral of our 
I^ady is v^ry fine ; befides which there are 
tun Pari/h Churches, two Abbeys, and fe« 
Ycn;i Religious J-Joufcs; for the Place is 
bi;jf, rich, gnjl of good Traffick, having 
73 different Companies of Tradps in it, 
Tl";e cliief Manufaftures of ^ouniay are 
! -ow Linnen, 0£ they wgre formerly Wool- 
len. The French madie it the Capital of 
:: little Cojintry called Tovrnaifisy and the 
Seat of a Sovereign Cpuncjl, or High Jurif» 
diction : But the Civil and Eccleiiailical 
Government ha^ been much altered by 
the jiuftrians. Jt ftands 1 5 Mijics E. of 
Li fie y 20 TSS.E, gfDouay^ 32 almoftW. 
of Mi>ns, and 30 nigh jS. of Ghent. Weft 
Irong. 3 D. 20 JVT. Lat ^o D. 43 M. 

the PRESENT WAR. 31 

Dunkirk J Gaff. Dunkerque^ Dut. Duyn^ XIL 
ierkefiy Lot. Dunquercay is a Sea-port 
Town, buik by the E^ Baldwin III, 
called the Tmng. It derives its Name 
from the Flemmijh Words Kerk^ that is. 
Churchy and Dune^ Dowriy becaufe the 
Church Steeple is the firft Thing feen by 
Seamen above the Downs. It was taken 
in 1558 by the French y who claimed it 
as Francis de Bourhon Earl of Vendome^s 
Inheritance; but retaken in 1583 by the 
Duke oi Parma. The French tooK it again 
in 1646, under the Conduft of the E)uke 
of Engbien ; and the Spaniards retook it 
in 1652. It was taken afterwards by the 
Marflial de Turenney affifted by 6000 Eng^ 
liJI^y in 1658, and 3rielded to the Protec- 
tor CromweU : But Charles II. weakly fold 
it to Lewis XIV, King oiFrancey for about 
200,000 /. That Monarch built there a 
ftrong Citadel, and other Fortifications, 
and cut a new Trench for a Mile toge- 
ther, through the Splinter Sands ; which, 
upon the Head of the Tide, would re- 
ceive 1 30 Veflcls of 70 Guns each ; and 
on the Weft Side of this Harbour he raifed 
a vaft piled and plank'd Work, to intercept 
and lodge the Sands. Dunkirk is well 
built and populous, and particularly com- 
mended for the Neatnefs and Regularity 
of the Streets. Its Inhabitants are famous 


3« The THE AT RE of 

upon the Sea, and have enriched them--i' 
felves in dl the late Wars by Piracy. Here- 
is an Englijh Nunnery, and the FranciJ^ 
cans have a Cloyfter for Perfons of both 
Sexes, At the Mouth of the Haven flood 
a Wooden Fort, on which were planted 
lOO Pieces of Cannon. This was the 
State of it before the Peace of Utrecbty 
when the Works were demolifhed, and 
the Canal choak'd up, by Treaty with 
Queen Anne. But the French^ for many 
Years paft, have been contravening that 
Agreement, firft, by cutting a new Canal 
thro' Mardyke^ and fecondly, by reftoring 
the old Works, This is at prefent one 
of our moft plaufible Caufes of Quarrel 
againft the French King. This Town lies 
54 Miles W, of Ghent, 1 6 S. W. oiNew^ 
port, 19 almoftE. o( Calais, and 24 S. W^ 
of bjiend. Eaft Long. zT>. 17 M. Lat^ 

51 p. 7M- 

Xfir. Graveling, or Graveline, Lat. Grave^ 
^rti^^^iif^z Unga and Gravelina, is feated near the 
Sea, in ^ marfliy Ground, upon the Mouth 
of the River Aa, which parts France from 
Flanders. The Normam ruined it ; but it 
was pfterwards repaired by T^hierry oi AJ-* 
fatia. Count of Flanders^ who died there 
in 1 168. In the Year 1528, there was a 
f trong Caflle added to it by Charles V, fa 


• % 


the PRESENT WAR. - 35 

that It is now cme of the moft regular and 
lirongeft Places oi Europe. ' It was taken 
by the French in 1658, and yielded to them 
by the Fyrenaan Treaty. As for the Town 
itlclf, tho' of great Importance, it is nei-, 
ther large, nor well built, and is bclides 
but thinly, inhabited. It lies nine Miles 
N. E. oi Calais^ i o almoft W. of Dunkirk^ 
and 63 W. of Ghent. Eaft Long. 2 D. 
23 M. Lat. 51 D. 4M. 

Berg St. Winocb^ or Jf^inoxberg-^ French^ XIV; 
BergueSy Lat. Berga S. JFinociy or Winoci ^^y'^^- 
MonSj and Vinoberga ; and in Times ^^^' 
pall Groemhcrga and Mons.Firidis; has the 
Title of a Vifcounty and Caftellaniliip, and 
lias many Villages under its Jurifdiction. 
It is fituated in a moft fertile Countr}% 
It was taken by the French in 1658, and , 
remained to them by the Pyrcna^an Trea- 
ty in 1659. They have built there a 
Royal Fort. This Town ftands on the 
River ColmCj fix Miles alnioft S. oi Dun^ 
kirk^ and 12'E. oiGra'weli?ig. EaftLo|ig% 
2 D. 22 M. Lat. 51 D. 2 M. 

Courtray^ or Cor tricky Lat. Corteriacum XV. 
and Ccrtracum^ is feated on the River Lys. ^'^^^J* 
It is' thought that in Cajar's Time it was 
under the Jurifliftion 01 the Nervians and 
Tournifians. Philip the Bald built a Caftlc 

D in 


4. ^ TSEATkB of 

in it, and others have added 
cations at different Times^ The R^encbs 
by their tioo great Precipitatk)n^ loft a 
Battle here in 1 302^ and becaufe the Peo« 
pie of Courtrojf&ept an Anniverfary to ce- 
lebrate die Mem<KV of that happy Thy, 
it was plundered and burnt in 1 3 82^ Some 
time after it was rebuilt again, and is now 
pretty coniiderable for its Commerce, good 
Citadel, and great Territories. The Ri- 
ter Lys divides it in two. The French 
took it in 1 646, and the Spaniards retook 
it in the Year aften Lewis XIV. made 
himfelf Mafter of itagain in 1667, and kept 
it by the Treaty ofAix la Chapelle in 1 668,; 
when he fortined it regularly : But being 
afterwards given to the Spaniards^ by the 
Treaty oiNimeguen in 1678, and retaken 
again by the French^ they difmantled it be-^ 
fore they reftored it to the Spaniards by 
the Truce of 1684- The French took it 
again in the War of i688y and again re- 
ftored it at the Peace oiRyfwick in 1697. 
In 1 700 fhey fcized it for the Duke of 
jiinjou • but it fell to the Archduke Charles 
in 1706, after the Vidtory of Ramiilies, 
and was confirmed to him (then Emperor) 
by the Peace of Utrecht. In rfiort, tho* 
Ccurtray is looked upon to be exceeding 
ftrong both by Art and Nature, the Frenci 
have generally got Pofleffion of it with 


/i&^ PRESENT WAR. 35 

Eafe, whenever they thought proper to 
tjuarrel with the Houfe oi jiujiria. In 
the prefent Year, 1744, it was the firA 
City that fiirrendered to them, having been 
but indifferently garrifon'dj and the Com- 
mandant not making the leaft Shew of 
Defence. It is a populous Place, famous 
both for the Linnen and Woollen Manu- 
facture, efpecially that Species of the for- 
mer which we call Diaper. Courtray ftands 
12 Miles N. E. of Lijle, 14 N. W. of 
^ournay^ and 26 S. Weft of Ghent. Baft 
Long. 3 D. 20. M. Lat. 50 D. 49 M. 

Now we have been fpeaking of the xvi. 
prefent War, it may be proper to mention •^^-^""'•. 
in tlie next place Menin^ which ftands 
iipon the fame River Lys^ five Miles to the 
South- Weft ward, oi Courtray j and was the 
firft Place the French befieged this Year 
in Form. ' They carried it after only four 
Days open Trenches, with the Lofs of 
very few Men on eiiiher Side : The Dutch 
Forces, who garrifoned it as one of the 
Towns of their 'Barrier, being conducted 
to Sluys. Menin has but lately rifen to 
be a Place of any Corfidcration, and is 
how fmall in Extent: But the Fortifica- 
tions, which are the V/ork of the fcunous 
Coeborn^ are foms of tl -e beft and moffc 
regular in Europe. In 1 706, v/hen moft 

D % otlier 


36 iT^e rHEATRE of 

other Towns in Flanders and Brabafit 
opened their Gates to the victorious Allies, 
this Place coft them a Siege of eighteen 
Days ; which may hint to us how much 
itsWorks had been lately neglefted. Eaft 
Long. 3 D. 10 M. Lat. 50 D* 45 M. 

xvri Warneton^ Werwick^ and Comines^ are 

Wet-wick] three other fmall Towns upon the Lys^ 

and South of Mcnin ; of which the former, a 

Comines. p^^ ^f ^^ic Dutch Barrier, furrendered at 

the firft Summons to the French in the 
prefcnt Campaign. Harlebeck is a fmall 
open Town, about two Miles North of 
Courtray^ and was feized at the fame time 
with it by the French, 

XVIII. FurneSy which the Flemings call Fuer^ 
Fumes. ^^ ^j. y-j^^f-fi^fi^ is a well built and pleafant 

Town, tho' but fmall. The Canals fup- 
port the Trade of the Town, which con- 
lifts in Linnen and other Manufadures. 
The City is dignified with the Title of 
a Vifcountfhip, and the Jurifdiftion of a 
Lord Cafiellan. It was three Times taken , 
and new fortified by the French^ and at 
length refign'd to that Crown by the Peace 
oiAix laChapelle in 1668. It was taken 
from them by the EngliJI) in 1692, and 
retaken by the French in 1693. The Al- 
lies took it in the laft War, at the Conclu- 


the PRESENT WAR. 37 

lien of which it was made a Part of the 
Dutch Barrier ; the Civil Power, as in the 
other Towns of that Line, remaining to 
the Houfe o^Aufiria. It ftands not above 
fix Miles cff from tlae Sea, five Miles S. 
W. o{ Newport^ and 10 nigh E. oi Dunkirk. 
Eaft Long. 2 D. 34 M. Lat. 51 D. 8 M. 

Dixmude^ or Dixmuyde^ is fituated on xix. 
the Confluence of the River Tpres, and an- ^^'''"^'^'' 
other fmall Stream. It is not very large ; 
but is reckoned a Place of Importance, and 
famous for a great Fair in July. It has of- 
ten chang'd its Mafters. The Englijh took 
it and new fortify 'd it in 1692 : But the 
French retook it the Year after^ at the fame 
time as Fumes. The Garrifons of thcfe 
Places being detained Prifoners of War by 
the French^ Jf^ing William^ at the Surrender 
of Namur, detained Marflial Bcujfters till 
Reftitution was made to his Honour. 
It ftands \z Miles N. of Ypres^ and 20 
E. of Dunkirk. Eall: Long. 2 D. 48 M. 
Lat. 5 1 D. 6 M. 

Fort Knccque is another fmall, but ftrcng XX 
Place, fituated upon the River Ifer. It J^^^^ 
was taken by Surprize from the French^ 
in 171 2, by De RuCy a Captain in the 
Dutch Service, and tlie next Year was made 
a Place of the Dutch Barrier. 

D 3 ^. Douay^ 

38 fhe THEATRE of 

XXI. DGuay^ JDoway^ Lat. Duacum^ on the 
^'''''^' River Scarpe, was the Chief Town of 
the CatagueSy mentioned in Cafar's Com'- 
mentaries. Philip II, King of Spairty 
founded its Univerfity in 1563, which is 
a Seminary for the Englijb Roman Ca- 
tholic ks. It is large, populous, rich, of 
confiderable Strength, and has a Maga- 
zine very well furniflbed. It is likewife 
confiderable for its Extent, antient Build- 
ings, and September's Fair. It has a Fort 
that ftands about a Cannon-fhot be]ow 
the Town upon the Scarpe^ and is there- 
fore called Fort Scarpe^ which was judged 
by its Situation among Marfties, and by 
means of its Sluices, whereby it can drown 
all the Country about, to be impregnable. 
It was found otherwife, however, in 1 7 1 o, 
having been obliged to furrender to the 
Allies, together with the City, after they 
lofc before it 7 or 8000 Men. The chief 
Trade of this Town confifts of fine Wool- 
len Camblcts, which are fent into many 
Parts. The French became Mafters of it 
in 1667, and retook it from the Allies in 
1712, after the Englifi had feparated 
{^omxht*Dutch2iX\A Germans. It ftands 
13 Miles almoft N. oiCambray, and -^4 
W. of Mons. Eaft Long. j^D. 8 M, 
Lat. 50 D. 40 M. 




the PRESENT WAR- 39 

Cajfel^ or MonUCaffek LaL Cajiellum and xxiL 
Cafiellutn Morinorum^ is aa ancient Town ^'i^^^- 
fituated on a Mountain. It is well forti- 
^'d, and has a confiderable Jurifdidion, 
and two famous Fairs, one in January^ 
the other in Angufi. King Fhilip Auguf- 
ius took it in 1 2 1 3 , and it has been taken 
and retaken fince upon feve/al Occaiions. 
The French have been Mafliers of it ever 
fince 1677. It ftands near the RiverP^^^'^ 
15 Miles S. of Dunkirk, Eaft Long. 
2D. 32 M. Lat. 50. D. 47 M. 

Bourbourg is another plealant little XXIIL 
Town, on the Top of a Hill, 20 Miles ^^*^" 
W. of Ipres^ and 3 S. of Gravelines. It ^'^^^ 
is the Capital of an Ambacht^ or Chate-^ 
lany^ and one of the moft antient Places 
in Flanders^ The French having taken it 
from the Spaniards about the Middle of 
the laft Century, thefe made an entire 
Ceflion of it by ^^tFyrenaan Treaty. 

Orcbies is an ancient and confiderable xxiv. 
Town, called by Ptolomy the Capital of ^""'^''^ 
the Atrehatii. It ftands between "Tournay 
and Doway^ 10 Miles off each; was taken 
by the Confederates in the laA War, but 
yielded back to the French in the Treaty 
of Utrecht. Eaft Long. 3D. 15M. Lat. 

50 D^ 24 M. 

. D 4 St^Amand^ 

43 "The rHEATRE of 

^^v, St. Amand^ hat. Elno^ fcatcd on the 
^'•^^^'^- River Scarpe, is famous for the Abbey of 
iS/. Amandy who died there. The French 
got Pofleflion of it in 1676, anddilinan- 
tled it, fo that it may cafily change Ma- 
. . fters in a Time of War. The Foreit of 
^t. Amandy beginning on the Frontiers 
of Flanders^, and extending itfelf in the 
County of Hainault^ neiir to Valenciennes^ 
w^ cut down by Order of he^vh XIV. 
in 1676, after his taking of Conde and 
Boucbain. St. Aniand^ before the French 
difmantled it^ was a Place of grcut Strength. 
The River Scarpe, on which it ftands, 
falls a little lower into the Sc.bcld. The 
Lands that lie between the two Rivers are 
caird the Ifles of Sf. Amand. This Town 
lies ten Miles South ofTcurnay^ 13 N. E. 
ofDaviiy^ and about 40 S. cfCbent. E;,ft 
Lon^. 3 P* ^5 M, Lat. 50 D-. 27 M. 

XXTV. An?:cnticreSy Ln". Anncnti2ri'v\ ft.nds 
/.nfLft^ on the Lys^ and is confuleritble for its 
"^ Strength, Linnen Manuflidury, and Trade. 
It was often taken and retaken in the laft 
Age. The Archduke, Governor of the 
LciV'CouTitrics in 1 64.7, took it from the 
Frcml\ Vv^ho in 1660 became M:ifl:ci*s of 
Ir c.fiJii\\ and v/cre continued in Pofleflion 
« r 1?, by tiie Treaty of Aix la Chapelle. 
.•u linis fwVen ivliles ajr.oil W. of Lifc^'^z 

o* ill* 

the PRESENT WAR. 41 

S, E, of Dunkirk, and 40 S. W. of Ghent, 
Eaft Long. 2 D. ^^ M. Lat 50 D. 
45 M. 

• ft 

La Baf is another little fortified Town XX vjL 
of French Flanders^ twelve Miles S. W. of ^'^^^ 
Lijle. We might defcribe many more 
Towns of fmall Importance, under both 
French and Au/irianSy as Etaires and Mor^ 
tagfte to the former, the Forts oi Plaffen-' 
dael near Oftend^ and St. Philip upon 
the Canal of Bruges to the latter ; but this 
would lead us beyond our intended Com- 
pafs. The following, however, fhould not 
be omitted. 

Dendermondy or Tcnremond^ ficuatc at^XVlll. 
the Confluence of the' Dender and the ^^f^J 
Scheldt twelve Miles to the Eaftward of 
Ghcnty is a ftrong Fortrefs, furrounded 
with Meadows, and not to be approach'd 
but by Caufeways, when the Citizens have 
a Mind to drown the Country. It fur- 
render'd to the Allies in 1706, after a 
Blockade and a fliort Siege 5 and is now 
a Barrier Town, garrifon'd half by Dutch 
and half by yluftrians. S. W. of Antwerp 
T 4 Miles, N. W. of Brufe/s 17. Eaft 
Long. 3 D. 58 M. Lat. 51 D. 6 M. 

D 5 ^ Deynfe^ 

4i ^e THEATRE of 

XXIX. Deynfe^ a litde Town on the LySy nine 
^^f'- Miles S. W. oi Ghent, and 1 2 Miles N. W. 

oiOudenarde. It belongs to the Queen of 
Hungary. Long. 3D. 32 M. Lat. 51 
D. 2M. 

XXX. Damme, a fmall but ftrong Fortrefs, 
J)a$nm. belonging to the Queen of Hungary, four 

Miles North of Bruges, on the Canal to 
Sluys. Fort St. Donat, four Miles farther 
North, belongs to the Dutch. We now 
come to the Towns in Flanders belonging 
to that Republick. 

r I. Sluys, Lat, Slufa, or Cluja, a Sea-port 

6/ujr. Town, and the moft commodious of all 
the five Ports of Flanders, lies over-againft 
the little Ifland Cadfant, or Guifant. It 
formerly belonged to the Counts of iVl?- 
mmrs, defcended from the Counts of 
plandersy and then fell into the Pofleflion 
of the French, Philip the Bold, King of 
France, kept a ilrong Garrifon here, to 
curK thofe of Bruges -, and Charles VI, 
built a Fleet here againft England. The 
Emperor Maximilian I. took it afterwards, 
in whofe Family it remained fome time. 
During the Wars of the Netherlands, the 
Prince of Parma took it from the King of 
Spain : But the Dutch retook it in 1604, 
lujder the Cojidudt of Prince Maurice, 


'J, 1.L 

at. : 



the PRESENT WAR, 43 

striuch they looked upon as a fuffictent 
Compenf^tion for the Lois of Cfctid, 
■They have been in PolLflion of it ever 
fince. The Defence of the Befieged was 
very memorable j for they Iield it out for 
three Months, till they were out of hopes 
of any Relief, and ha Ixar 

ther, Mice, Rats, Gf oul4 

find. The Dutch for and 

Town, which they n sIht 

habitants of Ofiend, \ ;r af- 

ter the Surrender of t on a 

Treaty of Peace it was afterwards difman- 
tled. It is now very ftrong, but thinly in- 
habited, and nothing near fo rich as for- 
merly i the Trade being removed firft to 
Bruges, and from thence to Antiserp, Yet 
it is ftill the largeft Haven in all Flanders^ 
being capable of holding 500 good Ships. 
This Town ftands 22 Miles N. W. of 
Ghent^ 10 N. E. o( Bruges^ and 14S.W. 
of Middk&urg, Long, 3 D. 25 M. Lat, 
51 D. 24 M. 

Sas-Van-Ghent, or the Port of GAm/, is n. 
a fmall Place, but fo ftrong, by reafon oi^"''^' 
its Situation in a Morafs, and its Fortifica* 
tions, that it is accounted impregnable. 
Yet the Hollanders took it in 1644, and 
have kept it ever fince. By this Place 
|hey can cut oiT all Communication be- 

44 iT^e THE AT RE of 

twccn Ghent and the Sea, by means of the 
Canal, as by Skiys they have the fame 
Power over Bruges. Sas^Fan^Gbenf ftands 
1 1 Miles N*. of Ghent. Long. 3 D. 43 M. 
Lat. 5 1 D. 20 M, 

III. Ardenburgh is alfo a finall Place, but 
iu^b ^^ formerly the Capital of this Part of 

Flanders. It is fubjedl to the Hollanders^ 
and is not at all confiderable at this Day. 
It ftands 20 Miles N. W. of Ghent, and 
about a League S; E. of Sluys. Long, 3 
D. 20 M. Lat. 51 D, 22 M, 

IV. Huljl is a Place of more Confcquence, 
^*^" It is the Metropolis of the Territory of 

Waejland, and tho' finalJ, very ftrong. 
The Dutch took it in 1645, and had it 
confirmed to them by the Peace of Wejl^ 
phalia. It Mras attempted in vain, in the 
Campaign of 1702, by the French and 
Spaniards, who loft againft it 1000 Men. 
It ftands 13 Miles almoftW. of Antwerp, 
15 N. E. of Ghent, and about 6 or 7 E. 
of Sas. Long. 3 D, 54 M, Lat. 5 1 D. 
20 M. 

The Dutch have feveral other Towns 
end Forts in Flanders y the chief of which 
are, Middlcburg, Axel, Ifendick, OJburg, 
Eicr-Vlief, F hilt pin, I'ernhuys, Lief kins, 


the PRESENT WAR. 45 

and Cadfandt ; the latter in the Ifland of , 
* the fame Name, over-againft Sluys. 

Of the Dutcby ^/'Brabant. . 

p R^B^ NT hovdtrs Part of G^'A/^r- Bounds. 
' ^ land and the Biflioprick of Liege on 
the Eaft ; the Countries of Hainault and 
Namur on the South j Flanders and Part 
of Zealand on the Weft ; and Holland and 
another Part of Gelderland on the North. 
Its Extent, South and North, is above Extent, 
feventy Miles ; and about fixty Weft and 

The Air is generally good arid whole- Quality, 
fome. The Soil is very fertile, except 
feme of the Northern Parts, whicli are 
fomewhat fandy and barren. The Cities 
are very fine, whereof there are twenty- Towns, 
fix waird and ftrong, not mentioning 
others of Ipfs Importa^ncc, and about a 
hundred fmall Towns and Vilbc^es. The villages. 
Chief City, excluding Antnva'p^ as a Pro- 
vince of itfelf, is Brujfels. 

.The Brabanters are d-^fcended from a Hiftory. 
Colony of Saxons^ brought from beyond 
the Elbe by Charlemaigne^ and planted in 
this Country in the Year 806. Divers 
'Authors fay, that Anchifes or Anchijices^ 
Father to Bcfin of Harijlol^ was Lord of 
Brabant. . Ckarlemaigne and his Children 


46 "the THE AT RE of 

were Mafters of this Country till fuch time 
as Othoy Son to Prince Charles of France i 
Duke of Lower horratne^ being dead in 
1004,- without being married, Brabant 
became the Portion of Gerbege^ fecond 
Daujjhter to the fame Charles of France^ 
and his firft Wife Bonne oiArdenney mar- 
ried to Lambert II. Earl oiMons and Lou- 
vahiy the Founder of the Branch of the 
Dukes of Brabant and Loibier. At firii 
they took only the I'itle of Earls ; but in 
123 c Henry I. took the Title of Duke of 
Brabant and Lorrain. Philipllly called the 
G(?(?^, recollected theSuceeflion of the Duke 
of Brabafttj which he left to Charks the 
R^j7j his Son, Father to Mary of Burgundy^ 
who carried it into the Hoiifc of Aujlrid 
bv her Marriaee to Maximilian, afterwards 
Emperor. This Country has been frnitful 
in illuftrious Men and learned Writers. 
fchcrs. The Rivers here, befides the Af^^ and 
the Scheldt are, the tieiner^ the Dommely 
the ^enne^ the Aa^ the Dyle^ the Geete^ 
the Jeckes, the Netbey both great and fmall, 
and the Merke. Thefe is alfo a ffreat 
Number of fmall Lakes,- and Poncis. 

Brahqni comprehends the Marquifate 
of the Holy Empire, v/hofe Capital is Ant-- 
'xcrp ; the Lorciiliip of Mechlin 5 the Dut- 
thy o( Arfc /jot ; the IVLrquifate of Ber-^ 
lilies ; the County of Kcc^ly^raet > the State 



hi Maeftrkbty formerly Part oi Liege ; and 
19 Baronies. Louvain was in Time paft 
efteemed the Capital* Brabant is divided 
into four Parts* 

I Breda y 

\ Bergen^Op^Zoom^ 
1. Dutch Brabant y 1 Grave ^ 
in which the moft re-"^ Rave/iein, 


markable Places are^ 


^BruJfeJs, Cap: 

Arfcbot. Dutchy^' 

24 jiu/irian^Bra'* Tir/emtrntyOiTieneHJi 
banty properly fo cal- j Judoigney 
led, which compre- j I/^;z^<f//, 
hends 1 Gembloursy 

I Lin\, 


4* Tlic 

of the Holy Empire, 

48 The THEATR E of 

4. The Lordfhip of ^ Malines or Mecblin, 
Malines^ which has s Archbifh. 

As thefe Divifions have been better kept 
than thofe of Flanders^ we fliali defcribe 
them in Order 3 and firft, thofe belonging 
to the Dutch. 

}' Boiflcduc^ Bolduc, or BoJleduCy Lat. Bof- 

^oijleduc. ^^^^j'j^j^^i^^ Syha^DuciSy Bclducum^ and 

in Dutch ^ Hertogenbofch^ aad frequently 
the Bofchy is the Capital of the Dutch-Bra- 
bant. It has a Bifhoprick Suffragan of Ma- 
lines^ and is fituated upon the River Do^ 
mel^ which there receives the -^/Z^, and 
afterward the Diefe^ and difcharges itfelf 
about two Leagues from thence into the 
Maes at Crevccoeur^ the ■ Place where it 
formeth the Ifle oi BcmmeL Boijleduc is 
built upon a Hill in the midfl of a Plain, 
where there was a Hunting-Fcreft belong- 
ing to the Dukes of Brabant. But Duke 
Henry\ going to oppofe the Incurfions 
which thofe of Guelderland made into his 
Countr}^ caufed this Wood to be cut down 
in 1 172, where the Foundations of this 
City were laid, which Dukey{^^ry finifh'd 
in 1 1 84. Pope Paul IV. erefted it into 
a Bifhoprick in 1559. TheBifhops now 
arc but titular, and make their Refidence 
at Goldorpy fince BolJlcduc is fallen into the 



TIands of the Hollanders. - This City is na- 
turally ftrong, as well by its Situation, as 
by its Fortificatioris. It is environ'd with 
Rivers, and Meadows cover'd with Wa- 
ter ; lb that the Avenues to thfe Town, at 
leaft for gteat Part of the Year, are only 
upon artificial Caufeways, made turning 
.-^nd winding, and commanded by one or 
other of the fix Forts, built atfome DiP 
tance without the Town. Its Ditches are 
filled with the Waters of the abovenlen-^ 
tion'd Rivers, which enter into the City 
by divers Channels very commodious to 
the Inhabitants. They are almoft all Sol- 
diers, tho' they do not ftegleft Trade • 
v/liich occafioneth this Saying, Ikat the 
Lihabitants df Boiflcduc are Warlike Mer- 
chants. The Linnen and Woollen Ma- 
nufidures flourifli here, and the Place is 
likewife famous for Cutlery- Ware, and 
Needles* The City is large, fair, well 
built, and veiy populous. It is about four 
or five Miles in Compafs, and fortified 
in the modern Way. The Cathedral 
Church of St. John is one. of the mofl 
llimptuous of the Netherlands^ with a veiy 
fine Clock. The Market-Place is envi- 
roned with fine Buildings, where ten of 
the greatcft Streets all terminate. The 
Stadt-Hcufl:, built after the Model of that 
at Jbnjlerdam, is taken Notice of by Tra- 

E vcllers. 


so rhe THEArRE of 

vellers. Over the feveral navigable Canals, 
that ran thro' the Town, there are no lefe 
than fifty Stone-Bridges. It is, in brief^ 
one of the completeft and ftrongeft Towns 
in the Poffeffion of the Dutch ^ who be- 
came at length Matters of it in 1 629, by the 
Valour and Conduft of Frederick Henry y 
Prince of Orange. Boijleduc ftands 43 
Miles N. E. of jintwerp^ 20 almoft E. of 
Breddy and 50 almoft S. of Amjlerdam. 
Eaft Long. 5 D. 25 M. Lat. 51 D. 42 M. 

II. Breda is pleafantly feated on the River 

Breda. Mcrck. It is the Head, of a Barony which 
comprehends now about feventeen Villa- 
ges: But it had more formerly, ondBergen-^ 
Op^Zoom did then depend upon it. Bre^ 
da had anciently particular Lords of its 
own, and was Ibmetimes in Pofleffion of 
the Dukes of Brabant *y but John III. 
Duke of Brabant y fold it again in 13 50, to 
John Polony Lord of Liecky who left an 
only Daughter, Johanna^ married in 1404 
to Engelbert of Ndjfau. Henry of Najfau 
begun the Caftle of Breda^ where the 
Tomb of Renatus of Najfau is to be feen 
in the Collegiate Church of St. Petery 
founded about 1303. This City fuffer'd 
very niuch during the War between the 
States and the Spaniards. The Prince of 
Parma took it from the United Provinces y 


tbe'FRESEl^T WAR. 51 

y/Jy jS, 1 58 1. Maurice of Najfau be- 
came M iflcr of it again in j 590, by a Boat 
loadcn 'vith Turf, under which he hid 
lixtv Sr)ldiers, who rendered themfelves 
Maftcrs of the Caftle ; and he afterwards 
took the City by Capitulation. They tell 
a very remarkable thing of .one of thefe 
Soldiers, that was hidden under the TurK^ 
^oix. That not being able to abftain from 
coughing, he defired one of his Compa- 
nions tb kill him, for fear his Cough fhould 
difcover the Enterprize. Ever fince this 
Surprize, it is the Cuftom here to fearch 
all laden Boats, by ftabbing them with a 
Spit. The Hollanders kept Breda till 
1625. That Year the Marquifs oi Spino^ 
la^ General of the Troops of Spairiy be- 
licg'd it, April 2y^ and took it the 5th of 
June. This Lofs afflifted the ILlUnders 
extremely; but they retook it in 1637, 
and have kept it ever lince. Breda is of 
a triangular r igure : At each Angle there 
is a Gate built with Brick, and the Cur- 
tines are flanked with thirteen Baftions, 
befides fcveral Cavaliers all mounted with 
Cannon. There is one Street in this Town 
more remarkably fair than the reft. The 
Town-Houfe and fome other Places are 
indijfterent. It is in a marfhy Ground, 
and often overflown. Its Fields are plea- 
tifiil in Pafliires, watered by the Rivers 

E 2 Aade 

^2 "tbeTHEJfRl^of 

[Aadeznd Mercky which, being join'd, en- 
ter into the City, and form divers Channels. 
The Palace of the Caftle was lately embel- 
lifh'd, the Fortifications repaired, and new 
ones made, by the Prince of Orange ^ after- 
wards King William IIL of GreatSritain, 
to whom the City and Barony belong'd : fo 
that now it is not only large but regular^ and 
both by Nature and Art thought impreg- 
nable. Befides the Ramparts, which are 
all fupported by very ftrong Brick Arches, 
and raifed above the Houfes of the Place, 
there are a great many Outworks, iiir- 
rounded with double broad Ditches fiill of 
Water. Here is ufnally a numerotis Gar-* 
rifon of the States Troops. Befides the 
great Church, which is magnificent, there 
are no public Buildings to be admired. 
It was at this Place that King Charles II. 
refided, when he was. invited over to take 
Pofleflion of his Kingdoms. Breda is 27 
Miles N. E. of Antwerp^ 20 W. of BoiJU^ 
duCy 24 S. E. of Rotterdaniy and 52 S, 
of jimjlerdam. Eaft Long. 4 D. 40 M. 
Lat. 51 D. 38 M. 

o^^Z^m. Bergen-Op-Zoom, (which fignifies the 
* Mountain upon the Zoom) fometimes call- 
ed fimply Bergetiy Lat. Berga ad Zo^ 
mam^ Berga^ or Monsfupra Zomam^ and 
Berci Zoma^ bears the Title of Marqui- 



iate, and is a fmall but ilrong Town^ partr 
ly fituated upon the Channel Z^/;!^, a Branch 
of the Scbeldy and partly upon a little Moun- 
tain. The Church pf St. Gertrude was con- 
verted there into a Collegiate Church about 
1 442 . Bergen-'OprZoom has had particular 
Lords everfince 1 2 1 2,. TheEmperor G&^j^r/ifi 
V. being at Taurnay in 1528, (or accord- 
ing to others iij 1533?) creeled it into a 
Marquiiate^ Since that Time the Hollands 
ers got it, after the Peath of the Marquifs 
de Bergues^ whom the Dutchefs of Par^ 
ma had fcnt into Spain^ where he was ar- 
retted, and died 1567^. They have forti- 
fied this Place well and regularl)^, with a . 
Channel that goes to the 5ea, defended 
by divers Forts. The Buildings of the 
Town are fair and handfome, and its three 
Market-places large and capacious. A- 
mongft the Edifices, the Church of ^t. 
Lambert^ and the Marquifs's Palace, de- 
fcrve Obfervation. The Commandapt of 
Requefens was defeated in 1 574, near this 
City, which the Prince of Parma befieg'd 
in vdAnjAnno 1588, and the Marquifs de 
Spinola m 1622. Bergen ftands advan-p 
tageoufly upon the Confines of Brabant^ 
Plunders^ Holland^ and Zealandy and is 
ftrong by Nature, as well as Art, on ac- 
count of the Morafles that fiirroimd it. 
The Dutcby firom this Place, have formerr 

E3 ly 

54 "J^e "THE AT RE of 

ly made Excurfions into the very Heart 
of Brabant. It ftands i8 Miles N. of 
Antwerpy and as much almoft W. of 
Breda. Long, 4 D. 2 3 M. Lat. 5 1 O. 
32 M. 

IV. GravCy Lat. Gravia^ is a ftrong Town, 
Crave, tho' not large, and of great Importance. 
It ftands upon the left Side of the MaeSy 
whofe Waters fill the Moats, which envi- 
ron feveral large Bulwarks with their Halt- 
Moons. John III, Duke of Brabant, in 
1323, gave it to Otho Fvmct of Cut ck and 
Heverky who reftor'd it in 132*8. Af- 
terwards it was the Occ.ifion of great Wars 
between the Dukes of' Brabant and Ho/'- 
landj who both pretended a Right to it. 
It is the capital City of the Country of 
Cuicklandy remarkable for its Fertility, and 
has been a long Time in the Hands of the 
Hollanders. Only about the Year 1672, 
the Torrent of French Viiflory fwept it 
away into the Power of Lewis XIV. But 
in the Year 1667, M. Camillly Governor . 
for the King of France, furrender'd it to 
the Prince of Orange, after it had been 
for feme Time befieged by Mr. Raben- 
kauft. This Town enjoys large Privi- 
leges, and an Exemption from many Tax- 
es, that the neighbouring Places are fub- 
jeft to. It lies in a fnarfliy Ground, 18 


the PRESENT WAR, 55 

Miles N. E. oiBoiJleduc, 72 N. E. oiBrufr 
felsy and 8 S. W. of Nimeguen. Long. 
4 D. 56 M. Lat. 51 D. 42 M, 

Rave/iein ftands upon the Maes a little V- . 
below Grave. The Dukes of Cleve had ^'-^^^ 
been Lords of Rave/ieWy where they had 
a good Citadel; but William Duke of 
C/ev^ and Juliers was obliged to demolifh 
it, by one of the Articles made with the 
Emperor Charles V. The Eledor Pala- 
tine, as Duke of Newburg^ is the titular 
Sovereign of Ravejiein ; but the Hollan^' 
ders are in Poffefliori of it, and have now 
a Caftle. It ftands 10 Miles S. W. of M- 
meguen. Long. 5 D. ^o M. Lat. 51 D. 
44 M. 

Helmont is a little Town and Caftle on ^^\^ 
the River Aide^ and the Capital oiKem-- 
per land. It lies 1 8 Miles S, of Grave y and 
60 N. E. of Brufelj. Long- 5 D. 50 M. 
Lat. 51 D. 24M. 

Eyndenbove or Eyndbovetiy is a fine lit- '^^^• 
tie Town in the Territory of Kemperlandy jj'^e'^' 
iubjedt to the Hollanders everfince 1629. 
It ftands on the River Dommely 8 Miles 
W. of Helmont. Long. 5 D. 36 M. 
Lat. 51 D. 23 M. 

E 4 Maejiricbty / 

^56 TbeTHEjrRE of 

**^^'''^ * ad Mofamy or T^rajeSfum Super ius^ to di- 
ftinguifh it from Utrecht ^ called TrajeButn 
fid Rhenum^ or TrajeBum Inferius. It 
ftands upon theWeftern Bank or the Macs.y 
which has here a beautiful Stone-Bridge 
over it, confifting of nine Arches, from 
v/hence the Town hath its Name, figni- 
fying the Paffiige over the Maes. On the 
Eaftern Bank lies the JVick^ which is a 
Suburb to the City, The Birfiops of jL/V^^ 
and the Dukes of Brabant ^ heretofore; di- 
vided the Jurifdidlion of this City betwixt 
them ; but it was in the Handn of the lat- 
ter, and with that Dutchy pafled to tlie 
Houfe of Aujiria^ who enjoy'd it till 
1632, when it was taken by the Hollan- 
der s^ who kept it by the Treaty of Mufi- 
fter. The French took it, after a /harp 
Siege, 1 673 . THe Hollanders en deavou r ' d 
the Reduftion of it in 1676 ; but witii- 
out Succefs. They recov^ r'd it, however, 
by the eighth Article of the Treaty of 
'^irieguen^ in 1678, and have kept it ever 
iince. The private Houfes here ai'C ge- 
nerally covered with a black Shte, or Ar- 
doife, but are other wife not very beautiful. 
The Town- Houfe is a very fair Strucr 
ture, feated in one of the Pia??as, built 
pf white Stone, and very well paint- 
jpd in the Infide. In another Piazza is a 


_ /fefPRESENT WAR. 57 

Fountain, a Row of Trees, and a great 
Church. This Town is very ftrong, tho* 
its Wall be old, the Out-works being very 
confiderable. Towards the South-Eaft 
lies a Hill, which arifes gently, and over- 
looks the Town : Under this Hill is one of 
the nobleft Quarries of Stone in the World. 
To fecure the Town from the Difadvan- 
tage it might receive from this Hill, there 
was formerly a Fort built upon it ; but it 
was long ago flighted, and an Hom-work 
cut within Mufket-fliot of it, and the 
Baftion anfwering to it made very high to 
cover die Town. The Wick^ on the other 
Side of the River, is very well fortified alfo, 
and rather ftronger than Maejlricbt ; into 
which the People may retire, if the Town 
fliould be taken by Storm. All about the 
JVick the Country is flat. There are here 
many Inhabitants, about twenty Monafte- 
ries, three Dutch Churches, one common 
to the Englijh and Pr^ch, and a hand-* 
fome Glafs-Houfe. Maejlricbt is about 
four Miles in Circumference. The Stadt- 
Houfe is built after the Model oiA^njier^ 
dam. It ftands 50 Miles E. of Brujfelsy 
and 14 N. oi Ltege. Long. 5 D. 47 M. 
Lat. 50D. 45 M. 

Lillo^ Lat. Lilloay is a ftrong Fort built ix. 
J)y the Ihllanders upon the Scbeldy feven ^^^' 


58 The rHEATRE of 

Miles htntidiiLtuintwerp to the North,where 
all the Ships that pafs up the River to 
Antwerp are, by the Treaty of Muufter^ 
to flop, and pay Toll to the States of 
the United Provinces^ to whom the Place 
belongs. Long. 4 D. 23 M. Lat 5 D, 
19 M. The Dutch have fome other 
Places of-lefs Confequence in Brabant ; as 
Steenbergy feven or eight Miles N. oiBer^ 
gen J Sant-Vliety eight Miles S. of the fame 
Place ; and Cuycky about as much E. of 

We now proceed to the Places in Bra^ 
hant belonging to the Aujlrians, 

I. Brujfels^ or Bruxelles^ Lat. Bruxellay one 

firuffeh. Qf the greatefl, mofl beautifiil, and befl peo- 
pled Cities oiiht Netherlands y is the Capital 
of the Dutchy of Brabant ; the Seat of the 
Chancelary and Court of Brabant \ of the 
Councils of State; of the Revenues; and the 
ordinary Refidence of the Prince or Go- 
vernor, whom the King of Spain formerly 
kept, and the Queen of Hungary now 
keeps in the Low Countries ^ which draws 
all the Nobility and Gentry to it. It is 
fituated upon the fmall River Sinne^ or 
Senne^ which difchargcs itfelf in the Scheldt 
by a Channel of theLength of fiveLeagues, 
that was made in 1561. Its Avenues 
" ' ' are 

1 • 


■ —- •% 


the PRESENT WAR. 59 

are fine ; its Circumference about feven 
Miles. It is built Part in the Plain, and 
Part upon a Hill ; extremely pleafant, en- 
vironed with a double Brick Wall, having 
a pretty large Interval, and finall Ditches. 
The Town is divided into upper and lower : 
The latter is much more agreeable and beau- 
tiiful than the other, having feveral Foun- 
tains, and the two Branches of the great 
Canal, bordered with broad Keys, and 
filled with a prodigious Number of Boats, 
that come thither fi-om the Sea by the 
Scheld. The Palace is in the upper Town, 
It has many rich Apartments, big enough 
to lodge feveral Kings at once j to which 
belong a very fine Mall, a Park fiiU of 
Deer, and very curious Gardens near it, 
with fine Water-works, Grottoes, and a 
fquare Wildernefs.. The Town-Houfe, 
the Tower of St. Nicholas^ which has the 
Town-Clock; the Church of thejefuits,and 
the Prince oi Orange's Houfe, deferve to be 
feen by Strangers. Among the Churches, 
the Collegiate, dedicated to St. Guduhy is 
the chief and the moft antient, where 
they pretend to have an Hoft ftabb'd by 
a Jew^ which fhed Blood out of the 
Wound; whereupon, they fay, the Jew 
was immediately ftruck with Death. 
Here you find fome Footfteps of the An- 
tients Fancy for the Number Seven ; for ► 


6o The THEATRE of 

there are fcven Pariih Churches, ieven 
principal Streets, about which are feven 
ftately Houfes, rented by the Publick, fey 
ven Gates oiDorick Work, feven confiderr 
able Families, feven Sheriffs who have tlie 
Care of Affairs, and feyen Licenfed Mid- 
wives, &c. BruJJeh is a trading Town, and 
has feyeral Manu£i^res. There are 52 
Trades, divided into nine Guilds or Compa- 
nies, called the Nine N<^tiQnf ^^mong yrhich 
the Cutlers and Annour-Makqrs are chief. 
The Streets of Brujfek are large and hand- 
fome,and the Buidings, j^pth publick and 
private, uniform and elegant. Aipong their 
Hofpitals, there is one for ppnjtent Whores, 
and another fqr foundling Children. Ad- 
joining to the Palace is 9 large Circuit of 
Ground enclofed, containing whatever can 
contribute to the Diveiiions of the Court. 
Over the Stadt-Houfe, which is a noble 
Building, is a brazen Statue of St. Michael^ 
the Guardian Angel of the City, fifteen 
Feet in Height. Here are alfo many fine 
Paintings, done by the bcft Matters. 

As the French know how tender the 
Auflrian Princes have ever been of the 
Curiofities of this fine City, they have 
made it a barbarous Rule to damage them, 
when they have been elfewhere hardly 
prefled, to draw off the Confederate Army 
to their Protection. Thus, in 1695, it 


the PkfeSfiNT WAR. 6i 

Vi^s bombarded by. Filkroiy who came 
before it with 1 00,000 Men , while King 
JFilliam was carrying on the Siege oiNa^ 
mur. Tho* Prince Vaudemont lay then 
within the Walls with 30,000 Men, he 
could not prevent the Enemy firom beat- 
ing dowh above 2000 Houfes, feveral 
Churches and Abbeys, and the old Stadt- 
Houfe. In fhort, what with the Bombs 
and red-hot Bullets, the City lying ex^ 
pofed on the Side of a Hill, in forty-^ght 
Hours it was reduced almoft to a Heap of 
Rubbifh. But it emei^ed more ilately 
and beautiful out of thefe Ruins, tho' 
with immenfe Lofs to the Inhabitants. In 
1708, while the Confederates were em- 
ployed in the Siege of LiJUy the Eledlor 
of Bavaria J who had formerly refided in 
Brujfels as Governor, came before it, and 
made feveral furious Attacks : But the Duke 
oi Marlborough marching with great Ex- 
pedition to its Affiflance, upon his pafSng 
the Scheldt the Enemy withdrew precipi- 
tately. Brujfels was in the Hands of the 
French from 1 700 to 1 706, when it fur- 
render'd to the Duke of Marlborough af- 
ter the Battle of Ramillies^ and has been 
ever fince in the FoflefEon of the Aujlrians. 
This Capital flands 30 Miles S.E. oi Ghent ^ 
24 S. 01 Antwerp y 96 S. of Amfterdam^ 
J 50 N. E. of PhrtSy and 1 90 almofl E. of 


62 "J^e THEATRE of 

London. Long. 4 D. 29 M. Lat. 50 D* 

II. Louvainy Lat. Lovaniunty and by the 

Zfl«vtf/«. Inhabitants Loeven^ is a great City fituated 
upon tlie River Dyiky which runs into the 
Demer between Arfchot and MechlWy and 
fails with it into the Scheld at Rupelmond. 
This Town is confiderable for its Rank, 
and is fo very antient, that it is iuppofed to 
have been built by one LupuSy before the 
Time oi Julius C^far. It was at firft but 
a Village, that was wall'd in 1 1 56, and 
has been much enlarged fince. It is leat- 
ed in a very fruitful Soil, and has fo plea- 
iant and gentle an Air, that Wine is 
made both within the Walls and with- 
out. There are within tlie Walls of this 
City, which are fix or feven M iles in Cir- 
cumference, large Meadows, beautiiul 
Vineyards, and pleafont Gardens and Or- 
chards. This fhev/s that it is not at pre- 
fent over-ftocked with Inhabitants: But 
it feems to have been the Tafte of the 
antient Sovereigns of thefe Couifitries, to 
inclofe within their Cities almoft Ground 
enough to iiipport the Citizens. Louvain is 
well fortified, and has many fair Churches ; 
the chief whereof is the Collegiate Church 
of St. Petery befides a great Number of 
Monaftcries. The Univerfity oiLouvain 


/i^^ PRESENT WAR. 63 

is very famous : It was founded in 1426, 
by John IV, Duke of Brabant^ and en- 
dowed with great Privileges by Pope Mar- 
tin V, and Eugenius IV. It has twenty 
Colleges, founded by feveral Perfons, for 
the promoting of Learning. This Town 
is encompafled with large deep Ditches, 
cut in many Places through a flinty Rock, 
or very hard Gravel The Walls are 
ftrongly built, being raifed from the very 
Bottom of the Ditch. In the Circuit of 
thefe Walls are fifty-three Towers, and no 
lefs than fifteen Draw-bridges, placed con- 
veniently for the better fecuring of the 
Gates, which are in Number eleven, built 
6i curious white Stone. The Buildings of 
the City in general are neither elegant, nor 
well kept ; but the Town-Houfe is a {late- 
ly Structure. The Caftle oiLouvain ftands 
on the Top of a Hill, fiirrounded with 
Vineyards and fine Gardens, and has a 
moft beautifiil Profped: of the Country 
round. The fine Air here occafionedthe 
antient Princes of Brabant to make it the 
Place of their Refidence. The Statutes 
of the Univerfity, which, next to. thofe 
in Englandy is one of the beft in Europe^ 
would take up too much room to recite : 
We fhall only fay, that one of them is, 
that every Student, at his Matriculation, 
muft ifwcar he believes all the Articles of 


64 "ne rHEATRR tf 

the Church of Rome. Louvain^ as it fell 
with the other Cities of Brabant into the 
Hands of the French^ upon the Death of 
the King of Spain^ fo was it one of the 
firft that fiirrendered to the Allies, after 
the Battle of Ramillies. It has ever fince 
belonged to the floufe of Aujlria. The 
Duke of -/fr/ri&^/'s Palace oi Heverly\ two 
Miles from it, is very much admired by 
Travellers. Louvain ftands 15 Miles almoft 
E. of BruJJelSy 1 1 S. !]S. of Mechlin^ 27 N^ 
oiNatnury and38N.E. of M?;?j* Long. 
4D. 51 M. Lat. 50 D. 54 M. 

III. Leeuwe is a little firong Town and 
Leeime. Caftlc on the ^yetCeefe, 16 Miles al- 
moft E. of Louvairiy and 2 1 W. of Mae^ 
Jlricht. It ftands in a Morafs that is al- 
moft inacceflible, but was taken by the 
Allies after the glorious Aftion of forcing 
the French Lines in 1705, ever fince which 
it has belonged to the Houfe of Au/lria. 
Long. 5 D. li M. Lat. 50 D. 50 M. 

IV] Arfchoty Lat. Arfcotiuniy is a finall 
Arfchot. Q^y ^p^j^ ^^ pj^^j. jT)^^^^^ ^^^ ^ Duke- 
dom belonging to the Dukes de Croy\ a 
Family that came originally out oi France. 
The French abandoned this Town to the 
Confederates foon after the above-men- 
tioned forcing of the Lines, in 1705. It 


^^^ PRESENT WAR. 65 

lies 9 Miles'N.E. ofLouvain, and L2.E. 
of Mechlin, Long. 4 D. 56 M. Lat. 50 

Niveile h a {mail, ^tidwas heretofore a ^' 
ftrong Town, but now difinantled. It is ^''"'^' 
remarkable for a Nunnery of noble Ladies, 
who. enjoy all nbanner of. innocent Free- 
domSy and are not confined to their Cloi- 
fter. This Town enjoys large Privil^es, 
afvd a . great Quantity of fine Linnen is 
made here, equal to . that of Camhray. 
jS«r^, a Vilk^e five Miles to theSoutn* 
^waid of it^ is ^rnous for a Batde foaght 
• in 1674, between . the iDutcb . under the 
Prince of Orange y and the French under 
the Prince of QmJ^. It ftands i:8 Miles S. 
cf'BruJelSy 1 2 almoft N. ofCharleroiy and 
-1* N.^E, of Mom. LoQg. 4.D. 31 M. 
Lat. 50 D. 35 M. 

TJrlemonfy ^iile$nonty Lat. Tenay or 7>- vr. 
nacay or fTHlemontiumy in Sletnijh THeneriy "^^^^^^"^^ 
is a confiderable Town on the River Gias. 
It was one of the four principal Town% 
of Brabant y until it was almoft mined, 
during the Civil Wars between tkt:French 
and thofe o£ Liege. The Duke of Gelder- 
land plund^ed it in 1507; but the; Inha- 
bitants of Namur purfued him,vand hav- 
ing* fiirprized his- Camp, in the Night near 

F St. 

66 tbe rHEArRE of 

St. Hubert in jirdomey recovered thtf 
Booty, and toot manv Prifoaers. This 
Town was furrendered to Don Jehn of 
Jufiria in 1578^ and has a very fine 
Church, dedicated to St. G^wtfiVz, Biftiop 
of Farh. Being ieized by the French in 
1700, it was taken by *he Allies in 1705, 
foon after their forcing the &mous Lines 
of Brabant. The Freneb Army lay en- 
camped here the Night before their fig- 
nal Defeat at RamtllieSj May 23, 1706. 
Ramillies lies about twelve Miles to the 
South of ^irkmonty and about fix almoft 
South of Judcigne^ by which Place the 
Enemy fled after their Defeat. It is fittt- 
ated at the Head of the River Geete^ be- 
tween which and the Mehaigne was the 
Scene of this glorious Aftion. In this 
Battle the Duke of Marlbcrtnigb and 
M. Auverquerque commanded the Eng^ 
lip and Dutcb againfl Marfhal Villeroi^ 
the Germans not being yet come up. 
We have more Occafions to mentien 
this Viftory of Ramillies than any other,. 

• as it was followed by the Reduction of al- 
moft all the NetherlandSy in about two 
Months Time, and Propofals for a Peace 
from the Enemy, communicated by the 
Thjkzoi Bavaria. Tirlemont v/SiS Sifman'- 
tied foon after it was taken by the Confe- 

: derates. . It flands 10 Miles almofl S. E. 

•: . of 


of Lcwainy and 20 E. of Brufels. Long. 
5 D; Lab 50 D. 49 M. 

Judoigne is a finall Town on the Ri- vii. 
ver Geete, 1 2 Miles 8. E. of Lotrvain, 1 6 ^''^''^"'• 
li.o£Namur,iaid22E.o£ Brufels. It fell 
kito tl^ Hands of the Confederates, with 
the other Towns in this Neighbourhood, 
upon the fercing of the French Lines. 
Long. 4 D. 58 M. Lat. 50 D, 42 M. 

About four or five Miles N. E. of this 
Place, are the Villages of Elixem or J&/- 
kfemy Neerwinden^ Dormaly Neerlanden^ 
and the Rivulet and Town of Landen^ fa- 
mous for die Battle that Was fought there 
in 1693, between King William III, and 
the Duke of Luxemburg ; in which the 
French^ tho' they kept the Field, loft by 
much the greateft Nmnber of Men. 

GemblourSy Lat. Gemblacuniy is upon the ^ JJ^- 
River Orne, with, the fine Abbey of St. ^'^^^'''''^ 
BenediSl^ whofe Abbot is fpirituai and tem- 
poral hex A of the Town. It is famous for 
a Fight in 1 578, and ftands by the Bor- 
ders of Namury upon a fteep Hill, encom- 
pafs'd on all Sides with Precipices, except 
towards the Eaft, where a little Hill hangs 
over it. In the Monaftery of St. BenediB^ 
in this Town, King William took up his 
Head-Quarters during a great Part of his 

F 2 Wars 

68 fbe THRATRE of 

Wars m\h France. It is 19 Miles S. W. of* 
Louvairty 1 1 N. W. of Namry and 20 
S. £• of Brujfels^ Long. 4 D. 50 M. 
Lat. 50 D. 30 Mr 

IX. Z/fV^, X/Vr^, or Liefy Lat Lira^ is in 
^'''' the Diftrift of jintwerp^^ between that Ci- 
ty and Mecbiin, feated upon the River 
Netbe^ which falls five or i fix Miles far- 
tlier into ihcRupeL It is: naturally .ftrong 
by its Situation, and made much mcMie fo 
by Art > and befidcs a very fine 4nd plea- 
fant Town> famous for its Manufa^hircs, 
and its Fairs for Cattle, it was aban- 
doned by the French in Mayy 1706, three 
Days after their (ignal Defeat at Ramiiiies. 
Liery on account of its Situation, is goieral- 
ly inhabited by Perfbns of Fafhion, V9ho 
have left ofFTrade. It ilands eight Miles 
North of Mechliny i o S. E. of Antwerp^ 
and 20 N. of Brujfels. Long. 4 D. 45 
M, Lat. 5.1 D. 7 M. 

x» Dieji is a little Town up(Mi the River 

'''^' Demer, with the Title of Barony y and the 

Head of a Territory fubjeft to the Princes 

oi Ormige. The French Lines in Bra-- 

hrnt running along by this Place, it fiir- 
r r.ic; \l <:o the Duke of Marlborough when 
Iv;. (i^rc'S tbc'fc Lines in 1705. But'to- 
s /ii'JiS tiic End of the fame Campaign, the 


/fo PRESENT WAR. ^9 

French retook and dUpuntlcd it. The Al- 
lies at laft, however, got again in PofleC- 
fion of it, and it remained to the Houfe of 
Aufiria at the Peace of Utrecht. It is 
confiderable for its divers Manufewfhires of 
Woollen and Linnen Cloth, and for its 
two Collegiate ChurdiQ^. It ftands 14 
Miles N. E. of Louvatn. Long. 5 D. 8 
M* LatjoD. 57 M. 

Haiwuye is afmall Town that fell to xr. 
. the Confederates in the general Evacuation ^'^^'^ 
of^raiant^ It ftands on the River GeetCy 
1 1 Miles N, W. from i&y, 16 N. E. of 
X^amir^ and 20 W. from Liege. Long, 
r D. 1 I'M. Lat 50 D. 4 M. 

Herentahy another fmall Place upon the xii. 
Leffer Netbe, j6 Miles N. E. from Mech^^'''^*''^' 
liriy and 18 E. oi Antwerp. Long. ^D. 
'57M. Lat 51 D. 10 M. 

Ft harden or Vilvoerdey fmall likewife, xill. 
about 6 Miles S. of Mechlin^ and almoft ^''^'^^'•^«- 
in the fame Longitude. 

iS/. Tr(?» or Tfruyn^ between Tirlemont Xiv. 
and TongreSj at about an equal Diftance ^'" ^'^^*" 
from either, is by fome Authors falfely 
reckoned in Brabant ^ when it is really in 
jthe Bifhoprick of Liege. 

F 3 There 

There are fome other finall inconfi« 
dcrable Towns in the Aujirian Brabknty 
which, as they can hardly be diftinguifh'd 
for any remarkable Defence, the Brevity 

of this Work obliges us to orhit. 


Of the Marquifate of the Holy Empire. 

XH E Marquifate of the Holy Em- 
pire |s a very fmall Province, being 
not above fcven Miles W. and E. and four 
S. and N ; Yet it is accounted one of the 
Four Quarters or Tetrarchies of Brabant^ 
and often one of the Seventeen of the Low 

Bounds. Countries. ' 1% is Sounded on the ^Veft by 
Flanders y from which it is feparated by the 
River Scbeld^ and op all other Sides by 

p^ivcrs. The chief Rivers there, are, the Scheldt 
which wafhes Antwerp^ and the Schynt^ 
'which alfo runs by Jlntwerp^ ind there 
£iUs into the ScbeU. 
' This Marquifate bdong'd forfnerly to 
thefiitiperor: It afterwards came to the 
King of iSfiain^ and is now fiibjed to the 
Queen o£ iSih^ary. 

The chief atfd only Place of Note in 
this Province i$ ^twerp. 

Antwerp. Antwerp, hat. Antvetpia or Andaver^ 

pum^ juid Antwerpen by mir Natives, is a 

' '■ '. ^ -" Bifliop's 

/^^ PRESENT WAR. ^r; 

Bifhop's See, under the Archbifhop of 
Malines. The Derivation fome give of its 
Name is fabulous. This City was former- 
ly one of the richeft and - moft beautiful 
of the whole World, feated in a ipacious 
Plain upon the right Side of the Scheldt 
where the River divides the Dutchy of 
Brabant from the County oi Flanders. It 
was enlarged by John I, John III, and 
C^arks'V. It is faid to contain 212 Streets, 
and 22 publick Piazzas. The Figure of 
it is that of a Crefcent. It lies in a low 
fenny Ground, the Scbeld hting 20 Foot 
deep there, and riling 1 2 Foot more at 
high Water. AnPwerp is about feven 
Miles m Ckcumference, aad furrounded 
with a -beautiful Wall, not kfs than 1 00 
Foot broad, having Baftions faced with 
Stone. Here are 1 3 noble Gates, eight 
of which ftand to the Water, and have 
their feveral Keys near theni. 

The Houfes are all neat and fadiionable, 
and many of them magnificent. In a 
word, all the StmAures, bodi facred and 
prophane, are admirable. Our Ladf% 
Church, the Cathedral, is a Piece of in* 
comparable Workmanfhip. It is about 
500 Feet long, 240 broad, and ^40 high; 
contains 66 Chapels, embellifhed with 
Marble Pillars, all different in Shape, and 
adorned with curious Piiflures, as^ w^U as 

F 4 the 

7i V* ^H]E.A^RE ^ 

the Body oCthe Chufch. The T<xwer is 
one of the higheft afyd jfeircft of Europe^ 
built of white Stone, whprein are 33 krge 
Bells. The three chief Doors are cafed 
with Marble, and gilt with Gold^ This, 
fine Churoh was almoft burnt to the 
Ground in the Year 1 533, . and afftec that 
pillaged duringtheCivilW^sfor Rd^jgion, 
It was eredlied into a Cathedral by Paul J V, 
in the Ye^ i559» There ane four othev 
Parifh Churches, viz. St.Geprg^^ St. Jatnes^ 
^uAndreWy zxA ^t. Mallmrge^ be(idBS:25 
Colleges, Nunneries, atid Reli^owHeufesj 
amongft which the Jefilite-Church is va^y 
magnificent* It is *paved with Marble on 
the two lowei; 5ides one above another^ 
which are fupported by 5^ Marble Go^ 
lumns. The four Koofs are hung with 
3 8 large Pictures oiRuhens in Gold Frames; 
and the Wall pierced- with 40 cro& .Win* 
dows lined with Marble. The chief Al- 
tar is all of Marble, Jafper, Porphyry, 
and Gold. The Jefuits T«afijre was long 
ago valued at two Millions, The Town^ 
Houfe confifts of four Apartments ; and 
the Eafterlings-Houfe, the Exchange, and 
the Galleries tliat furround it, deferve to 
be feen. The Citadel, one of the ftrcngeft 
and moil regular, is of aipt exa<fl pentagon 
Figure. It ftands on the South Side df 
tJie City, upon the Banks of the Scheldt 


commsuidmg the City,^ the'River, . an^the . 
nd^hbouFiQg Cotin^. The 'building, of 
tttsFoftv by Order of Fhilifi IL King, of 
Spain^ was the 6rft! Check to the Tradd 
and Grcatnefe ofthis^PoFt, which bdbra 
. was free. This Citadel is about a Mile 
ill Compa&$ and at«foin6 Diftance from 
the City^^ Here aro largjei Repofitc^ies-for 
Ammuniticm and Provii^oASy aad Quarters 
for above 3000 SolaicrB« I^ endofes two 
litde Hiilsj that give a ProfpaSt ail over 
the Country. ^ This Citadel was built in 
1 5673 by the Duke of JUva. The^ City 
lies iS Leagues from the maim Sea; The 
Harbour is very lovely, and moft conve-r 
nient ; there being no lefs than eight Chan-*- 
nels cut from the Sc^eJd^ foe Ships to come 
up by to the City, in the chief of which 
a hundred njay ride together. TThere arc 
74 Bridges upon thefe Canals, 

Antwerp has for Beauty been compared 
to Florence y which fbme People fay it even 
excels : But the Luilre it ohce bore is quite 
decayed by the Lofs of its Trade ; their fine 
Exthange being now unfrequented, except 
for Pleafure, and common Converfation, 
When the Trade of this City was at its 
Height, before the Ereftion df the Cita- 
del, it was fuppofed to contain 200,000 
Inhabitants : But the Dutch revolting, and 
forming their State foon after, they made 
'- . > ' them- 

74 "J^e THEATR E of 

themfclvcs Mafters of the Iflands of Zea^ 
land ; which lying at the Mouth of the 
Scbeld^ they turned the Current of Trade 
to Amfieriam^ and other Cities oi Holland^ 
thereby compleating what the King of 
Spain had arbitrarily begun : To which 
we may add, that Queen Elizatetb being 
at War with Spain^ fhe drew away her 
Subjefts from Jpitwerp^ who carried on a 
great Part of the Trade of that City, jlnt-- 
werp fiifFered much in the Revolt of the 
Low Countries from the Spaniards^ who 
plundered it three Days together, fhumt 
above 600 Houfes, and kill'd land drown- 
ed 1 0,000 of the Inhabitants. The Con- 
federates repaired it ; but it was afterwards 
retaken by the Prince of Parma, after a 
Year's Siege, memorable for the many 
Machines and Devices ufed in it. It fur- 
rendered to the Duke of Marlborough, af- 
ter fome Hefitation, in June 1706, tho' it 
was then provided with a ftrohg Garrifon- 
It has ever fince belonged to the late Em- 
peror, and the prefent Queen of Hungary. 
Antwerp ftands 24 Miles N. of Bruffeliy 
^4 almoft N. E. of Ghent, 80 S. of Ani" 
Jierdam, no W. of Cologn, 1 70 N. E. of 
Paris, and 184 E. o( London. Long. 4 
D. 30 M» Lat. 51 D. 14 M. 


the PRESENT WAk. 75 

Of the tiordjhip ^ M alines, or 
• Mechlin. 

A^jiLINES^ or Mechlin^ is another 
•^ ^ very fmall Province, bounded onl3oand»: 
every Side With Brabant y and is nigh the 
Middle of liy tho* not fyt off, towards 
the Weft, from one Part of the Borders of 
Flanders. Its Extent is about eight Miles Extent. 
Weft and Eaft, and five South and 

It is a diftinft Province from the reft, 
and the Refidencc of the Parliament, or 
Great Council^ for al} thefe Countries ; but 
has not, in itfelf, thbfe Privileges that 
Brabant has. ' A|id Fpr that reafon moft 
Women here, when they are ready to 
lye-in, go into Brabant to be brought- 
to-bed, that their Children may enjoy the 
Privileges of Brdbanters. 

In the Compiifs of the Province lies but Towns, 
one City or waird Town,' ^d nme ViU^^^^B"- 
kges. * -^ . 

The chief Rivers ^, 

I. The Demer^ which being united Riven, 
with the Dyky runs through the Middle, 
and waflies Mechlin ; and then crofling 
^rabanty it fells into the Scheld. 

' 2. The 

the THBATRB f 

2. The Senne^ which here fejls into die 
Demer^ pr Dyle. 

MccbUtt^ MalineSy or Mechlin^ Lot. Mecblinia^ 
and by thofe of the Country Mackeletiy or 
Meckelen^ uponr xh^Demer^ js the*Gapital 
of the Lor4mip of that Name. -ItsBlgneis 
and Magnificc;nce caufe^ it to be c^led 
MalineSi. the Beautiful $ a$ Afitwerpi 
for its poculiar Excdlence, is called thb 
Ricbi JBru/fglSy thQ' Noile I Louvain^ ih& 
Wife ; Gbenty the Great ; and Bruges ^ the 
Ancient. The Situation is very pieaiaot^ 
and, becauie of the Tide, the Trade^ is 
very good. There is an Archhilhop's See, 
founded by PauIlV, in 1559^ with, the 
Title of Primate of the Low Countries; 
Cardinal Granville was the firft Arch- 
bifliop. The Cathedral Church is con-r 
fecrated to St. jRomiaut. Malines is the 
Place of the great Royal Council, infti- 
tuted by Charles Duke of Burgundy^ in 
1 473 . There is alfo the Parliament of the 
Knights of the Fleece, and the Prince's 
ArfenaL Speaking of this Arfeilal, we 
cannot but mention, that the Lightening 
having fet on Fire feveral Barrels of Gun- 
powder in 1 546, it broke out with fiich 
Fury, that it overturned a Tower, and 
above 300 Houfesj. dried up the Ditch 
about the Town, and caufed extraordi- 

/i&^ PRESENT W Aft. ^f 

nary Damage. In the Suburb is St. jilexis's 
Nunnery, where there are 15 or 1600 
Nuns, ' who are ^owed to walk at^oad^ 
to pay and receive 'Vifits, and to marry 
when they pleafe. HTke Lordfhip ofMa^ 
lines hsid its own Sovereigns until 13:36, 
when it became a free Town. After that 
Time it belonged' to" die Houfe of Bur^ 
gundy y till it entered lAtO' that of jiuftriay 
in 1477. Its Inhabitants, tho* abridged 
in fome Privileges, are free from all Taxes, 
for. their good Service performed to Charles 
tbeBoUy Earl oi Flanders y at the Siege of 
iVa/ J upon the Rhine. Here have been 
tvro Provincial Councils, the firft in 1 570, 
and the fecond in 1 607. The chief Trade 
of thisi Place confifts in Tanning, making 
of linnen Cloth, Point, and Lace, (which 
bears the Name of the City) and coiling 
great Artillery and Guns. The Beer of 
Mechlin is alfo in great Eileem, being 
thought equal to Englijh Odiober. This 
City furrendcred to the Duke of Marlbo^ 
rough ki May 1706, being abandoned by 
the French after their great Defeat. It 
ftands 1 2 Miles N. W. of Lom)ain^ 1 3 
almoftN. of J5ra^/^, i/^S.^.oi ^twerpy 
and 30 E. of Ghent. Long. 4 D. 38 M* 
Lat. 50: D. 59 M. 

The other Places in this Diftrift are not 
worth particularifing. 


7« rbcTHEArRR of 

Part of the Dukedom of Gelderland, 
formerly belonging to the Spaniards, now 
to tbeKingofFmSiaLy the ^tfeen of Hvn^ 
gary^ and the Dutch« 

B«B«fc. 'T^HAT V2o^ oi Gelderland vfYMi is 

\ fubjcd: to the PruffianSy 6cc. and 
feparate from the original Part of the Dutch 
Rcpublick, has on the Eaft and North 
Cle^jes in Germany ; on the Weft Brabant ^ 
and on the South Jidiers in Germany. Its 
Extent. Extent is about thirty-fix Miles North and 
South, and about twenty-eight Eaft and 
Quality. The Soil is fertile, and yields all forts 
of Grain, abounding moreover with rich 
Pafture Grounds, which fatten great 
Droves of Cattle, that are fent fi'om many 
diftant Places. 

The chief Rivers are, 
Rivers. I • The MacSy which runs through the 
midft of this Part, wa/hing Ruremond and 
Venloy and fo pafles on, dividing Brabant 
from the reft of Gelderland. 

2. The NierSy which waihes Gelders, 
and runs into Cleves. 

GelderSy Cap. 
The Chief Towns ^c^f^enlo. 

Ruremond, Bifli. 


• J 

the PRESENT WAR. 7^ 

The City of GeUers, Lat. GeUrid, ^^ 
which they of the Country call GeJre^ is 
feated on a niarihy Ground, upon the lit- 
tle River of Niin^ which environs it in- 
ftead of a Moat. The Caftle is extreamly 
ftrong, and £ud to be impregnable by 
reafbnof itSuSituation. In 1627, the Spa^ 
niards laboured to have brought the Rhine 
to the City of Gelders^ and into the Mae$^ 
on purpofe to have cut off the Commerce 
between G^/M^ry and HoUandy but failed 
in. the Enterprize. The Pruffiam took 
this City in 1703, and had it confirmed 
to them by the Peace of Utrecht ^ together 
with the Country of Kejfel^ and BailUwick 
of KriecienSeckj being Part of the antient 
Dutchy of Gelderland. It ftands 27 Mil^ 
nigh S. E. oi Nimeguefiy the chief City 
of the Province, and 1 2 N. E. of Venb. 
Long. 6D. 32 M. Lat. 51 D. 27 M. 

Venlo is a very ftrong Town on the 11. 
River MaeSy by the Borders of yutiers. ^*^* 
It is a Hans-^owity but was fubjeft to the 
Spaniards till the End of the laft Century. 
In 1 702 it was taken by the Allies', and 
at the Peace of Utrecht granted by the 
Emperor fo the States General y who are 
ftill in Pofleffion. This Town is popu- 
lous, and confiderable for Trade. It 
ftands 1 2 Miles S. W. of Gelders^ and i % 

: N. 

'26 iTbe THEATtt^E ^f 

• _ 

N. of'Ruremmdi Long. 6^D. 20 M. Lat# 

51 D. 22fM. 

III. Ruremifrtd^ otRoirmond^ Lat Rarfm$nda^ 
RwemanJ. j^ ^j^^ f;^^^^ ^ity 6(Gelde/lanJ, wtba Bi- 

flioprick Suffragan oiMatines. It ftands on 
•the River jMtf^^, -at the Meuth of the7?<?£r, 
or ^Rura, 'from which it takes its Nafne. 
ilt&CcUegiatd Church ^asertdcd' in 1559 
•into^a Cathedral, by>Pdpe PtiUl'lV. Wil- 
liam hindall^w^^t fitft'Prelate of it. The 
Gity is lai:^e,»fair, -and rith,^ having many 
ftat*ly-'Monafteriesin it, ^whereof that of 
' the Garthti/ians • is the nadft ' confiderable. 
It 'Was 'Part - of the Spanish Sticceffion, 
«id taken from the'jF]re';a^/& by the* Confe- 
derates- in 1702, and is now in 'Tdfl^ffion 
of the Q^&n6i' Hungary. vFhe Cathe- 
dral, dedicated to 'the Mbly Gh(^^ is a 
noble Fabritk, -afid the » whole Place is 
elegantly built. It ftands 1 3 Miles S. of 
VenlOy and 27 S.' W. of Gelders. Long. 1 1 
D. 13 M. Lat.5iD. y'M. 

Of the 'Butchy tf^l^ tm- b u r c. 

Bounds. J iM BURG has the Dutehy of j^Kers 
^ to the Eaft and North, the^Biflioprick 
of Liege to the Weft, and- Part of Jjuxem-- 
burg to the South. 



Its Extent South apd North is about Extent, 
thirty-jfivc Miles, and Weft and Eaft about 

It had heretofore Dukes of its own; but Hiftoiy. 
upon the Death of Walrame III, whom 
othors callifc/^y, in 1285, Adolph fold it 
to "John Duke of Brabant^ who pretended 
a Right to it, as defcended from Marga^ 
ret Daughter of Henry Duke oiLimburg^ 
married in 1 1 72 to (Godfrey Duke of Bra^ 
bant. In 1 293 Rainold I, Duke of Gel^ 
derUmd^ laid Claim to it, in the Right of 
Ermengarde his Wife, Daughter of jfi&r- 
ptan late Duke o(Limburg : But he lofing 
the Battle oflVoring, near Cologne , June 5, 
1298, and bein2 taken Prifoner, was 
forced to refign his Right to John Duke 
of Brabant y to regain his Liberty ; and 
from that Time the Dukes oi Brabant have 
enjoyed it. It is in Right ofthat Title that 
the Houfe of Au/irialxaiV^ held it, from 
the Time of Charles V. till this Day. 

It has excellent Mines of Iron, and one Qi»litf. 
of Copper, The Earth is very fruitful in 
Wheat, Fruits, and Fuel, but above alj 
in Grafe and Water, The famous Spaw^ 
Waters, in the Province oi Liege ^ are not 
above three Leagues S. W. from Ldmburgn 

The chief Rivers here arc, 

I. Theil^^i, which rans but through Rireiij 
a little Part of this Country. 

G 2. The 

82 The THEATRE of 

2. The Geul^ which wafhes Valken-^ 
burg^ and falls into the Maes, 

3. The fVefirey which watereth Lim-- 
burg^ and runs into the Maes at Liege. 

4. T\it Bervine^ which wafhes Z)^z/?ot, 
and falls into the Maes between Weert and 

This Province hath but five wall'd 
Towns, and about 1 20 Villages. 

The Towns are^, yfiZi^rg, AotheW- 

I Rolducky glanders. 

J* Limburgy Lat. Limburgum, ispleafknt- 

"^ ^^^' ly feated upon a fteep Rock, which over- 
looks all the Country round about : At the 
Bottom thereof runs the River Wejire al- 
nioft round it, among feveral fhady Woods. 
It is but a fmall City, for it chiefly confifts 
of one broad fhort Street : Neither is it 
confiderable for its Beauty, the Buildings 
for the moft Part bemg of Wood, But it is 
of no fmall Confidcration for its Strength j 
for it is encompaffed with a ftrong Wall 
and a Trench, and the Accefs to it, which 
is on the North Side over the River, is 
extreamly difficult, lying all along upon 


the PRESENT WAR. 83 

the Edge of the Rock : From one Side 
thereof to the other, the Gate of the 
Town (over which are the Governor's 
Lodgings) fpreads itfelf, and quite locks 
up and commands the whole Pailage; 
Here was before a very ftrong Caftle. 
The Dutch took this City in 1632 1 but 
the Spaniards recovered it again. In 1675 
the French furprized it; and being forced 
to leave it in 1677, they deftroyed the 
Caftle, which afterwards lay in Rubbifti. 
It was taken by the Allies in 1703 for the 
Archduke, then called by us King of 
Spain^ and has ever fince remained to him 
and his Daughter : But is the only Town 
of Confequence the Houfe oiAuJlria now 
enjoys in this Province^ Limburg ftands 
19 Miles almoft E. oi Liege ^ 22 S. E. of 
Maejirichty and itS.W.oijiken. Long; 
6 Di 15 M. Lat 50 D. 28 M. 

Da/em is a fmall, but ftrong Towh and u, 
Caftle, on the River Bervine^ with a large Dalm. 
Territory depending upon it. Henry II, 
Duke of Braianty took this Town, and 
united it to his Dominions. It is now fub- 
jeft to. the Hollanders y being- reftored to 
them by the French at the Peace of Nime-- 
guen, after they had taken it, and demo- 
iifhed the Fortifications. It'ftands 8 Miles 
. N. E. of Liege, 9 S. E. of Maejirichty and 

G2 IS 

t/f rkerHEjrREtf 

15 N. W. of Limhdrg. Loi^. 5 D. 59? 
M. Lat. 5oDv 37 M. 

III. Valkenburgy. or Fauquenuinty, is a ftron^ 
Vaiken^ Town in Limburgy on the River G^w/,, 
'"^' and fubjcft to the Hollanders,: tho' £dd to 
belong to the Bifhop of Liege. It is pret- 
ty large,, and indinerent neatly baik, ad 
well as tolerably fortified.* The C^le 
' ftands on a fteep Rock, on the Soulii of the 
Town, and is inaccefiible and impregnable 
to an Enemy that Brings not a largeTrain of 
* Artillery along with him.. Yet in the Year 

1 672, upon die News of die French com- 
ing, it was immediately qoitted. The 
French took it in 1676,. and reftorcd it 
c-i in 1679, by die Trea^^ of Nimeguen^ 
having firil demolifhed tne FordiicaUons^ 
Itftands 10 Mies £. of Maejiricbty 19^ 
N. E. of Liege y 1 2 W. oiJkeny and 2% 
N. of Limburgy Long.. 6 D. 6 M* Lat. 
50D. 48 IVl 

IV. Rolduck IS an old little Town and Csiftle^ 
ioUuck. ^ith the Tide of a County, fut^eft to the 

Hollanders. It ftands 13 Miles £. of 
Valkenburgy and 5 N.. oSJken. Long. 6- 
D. 29 M. Lat. 50 D. 45 M. 

V. Rembcrg is alfo a litde Town, on tfee 
*«W- Bovdecs o£ Juliers^ and Toritory ofRtil- 



riuck^ iiibjed: to the Hollanders. It fbnds 
13 Miles E. oi Valkenburgj 3 N, of ifoA 
i/«r^, and 8 N. of ^if«. Long. 6 D, 29 
;M. Lat. 50 1>. 50 M. 

Of the Bijboprick gf L i E g B. 

THIS Country has Part of thcBounck' 
Dutchy o£Gelderhmd and Braiant 
on the North;; Part of Brabant and the 
Coupty of {Namur on the Wdl; the 
Dutchy of Ltfosemimrg on the South ; and 
the Dutchics'of Limburg and Juliers on 
the Eaft* -It is ^extended about feventy 
Miles South-Weft and North-Eaft, and is 
about thirt)F-five Weft and Eaft. It is a Extent: 
Part of the Circle of Wejlpbalia in Ger^ 
manyy tho^almoftin the midft oftheJV^ 
tberland Province?. 

The Air is here very temperate : The Qgality; 
Valleys produce Plenty of Grafs : The 
Plains abound with Com : The Hills are 
thick fet widi Vines: The Mountains 
have their Quarries of Marble, and Mines 
of Lead, Iron, and Brimftone, befide Pit- 
^oal in abundance: The Forefts afford 
gre^t Store of Venifon. 

The Bifhop is Lord of this Country, Govcrn- 
and Prince of the Empire, tho* as Bifhop ™*^^- 
he be under the Archbifliop of Cologne. 

G 3 He 

86 The THE AT RE of 

He has alfp the Title of Duke oiBouilJonl 
Marquis of Franchimont\ ajid Count of 
liOotz and Hajbain^ which are all Lord- 
fhips in this Biflioprick.^ Befide that it 
contains 52 Baronies, a great Number of 
Cities. Abbies, 24 walPd Towns, and above 1 506 

Vfllages. Villagbs. ' 

Privileges The State oi Liege has the Privilege of 
enjoying the Neutrality, which is indulg'd 
to fome of the fmall Princes of the Em-, 
jpire, while the Powers around it are at 
W ar : And we have lately ktn an Adver- 
tifem'ent to inform Gcntleriien of all Na- 
tions, that they may ftill fafely come' to 
the Spa^ under the Sandion of this Neu- 
trality. By this means the Liegois make 
Advantage of thq Sale of Proviijops in 
Times of War. But the Neceffities or 
Convenicncics of great Powers fometimes 
induce them to infringe thefe Privileges 
of weaker States, and the late Eleftor of 
Cologne^ Biihop of Liege^ fbrfqited all 
Right to them, by admitting the French 
Troops into his Dominiops, ^ 
The chief Rivers are, 
jUvcn. I , The Maes^ which here waflies D/- 
nant, Huy\ Liege, PFeert, Maeftricbi\ 
Stochetn, and Maefeyck^ and rans int6 

2. The D enter, which here wafhing 
Jiilfen and Hajfelt, rans into Brabant. 


3. The Jecier^ vrhich vrsShesTongreSy 
and fails into the Maes at Maejiricbt. 

4., The fVefirCj yrhich wafhes Fiviers^ 
junites with the Tl^en^ and £dls into the 
Maes at Liege. 

Beiides thefe there are eleven iina]] 

The chief Towns are. 


Liegiy Biih. Cap. 













St. Truyen. 







Liege y or Luicky Lot. Leodiuniy Leodi- 
funiy and fometimes Legia^ is iituated on 
the left Side of the MaeSy a little below 
the Place where the Ourte runs into it. It 
is a Bifliop's See, Suffragan of the Arch- 
bifliop of Cologne. The City is free and 
imperial. It is built in a pleafant Valley, 
furrounded with Woods and Hills, among 
fweet Springs which fall down from them, 
^d the little Rivers of Ourtey Wefirey and 

G4 Jm^ 


Liege i 

88 neTHI^ATREof 

jtmikat^ wkidi faU kito the MaesyoA 
before it *frters tht City. The puUkk 
Baiidin^ as, the Biihop^s Plikce, the 
)C3iiirche6, and Bridges, are very fompttW- 
ous and magnificent 5 l)ut tht Stftets afe 
neither dean nor regular ; and moft of the 
private Houfes are built of Wood* ^ 
John ManJevilley the famous £«^/^ Tra- 
veller, having feen moft of the great Ci- 
ties in the World, preferred Liege to thetii 
all, and accordingly fpent here the Imtr 
Part of his Life. The Englijk ]thit^ 
have a College here^ not far from which 
is a Consent of Engiijh Nuns. Ther^ are 
a great Number of Abbies and lleiigious 
Houfes, and ci|ht Collegiate GhiHchcs. 
The Cathedral, oedicatcd to St, Lamhtrtj 
is famous for its Chapter j to which no 
Canon can be admitted * except he be 
noble by Birth, or by Learning ; that is, 
except he be a Gentleman, or a Doftor; 
TheJBifhop'sSec was firft at Tongres*^ from 
thence removed to Maejiruht^ and by St; 
Hubert y Sucdeflbr of St. Lambert the Mer^ 
lyr^ fettled at Li^. A great Part of th^ 
Town within the Walls k not bttilt, hut 
employ'd in Vineyards apdOrchaitfejVdiich 
iire very fmitfol. It is fuppofed by fome 
to have been built bv Awmri^^ a German 
Prince, mentioned by JuHus Ct^Jhr. It 
liiffered much from the Norman f, ancj 

from one of die Dukes of Btaianify Krihp 
took ittuod pkmdered it in 121Z. In tlie 
XVdi CenWry itfojfered aifo much : ^a 
Duke ^ Burgundy^ taking Advantage of 
thek- Difftgreemcnt in d>e £lej9ion of a 
BHh^,' griewmfly ftiSlidted it in 1409^ 
i^itiing 36,000 of tibem in a Battle, enter- 
ing into the City, and caufing the chief 
of thoie that %aA ofmofed him to becaii 
into the Mies. After this, in 1468^ 
Ckarks Doke of Burgundy i^un tooit 
this Cky, liis Soldiers commitctin^ intol* 
ieriEebie Outrages againft the Liihaoitants, 
fn this laft Ago it has been ill tiwted by 
its Bifliof s, ziA the French taking it by 
Surpriae in 1^75, ^ neat Yeaf after 
they rdned the Caftle, In 1688, thfe 
Baron of Eldenn^ Great Dean of the Oi** 
thedral, was cho^ BShop and Prince of 
Litge by a Pkiralily of Votes, in Oppofi* 
tion to the Cardinal of Furjiemterg. This 
Prince repaired the old Fortifications, and 
added new on^es. After his Death, in 
169^1, yoJe^Ckmenty Elt^or d: Cpbgne, 
Brother to the Duke of BavaHa^ was 
tholfen Prince and Bifhop k^ Liege. This 
prince, at ihe Beginning of the laft War, 
delivered tip hisOipital to the Prencb^ to 
whofe Imereft both he and his Btother 
went ova-. In 1703 the Duke q£ MarU 
}orvugb took Ueg€y which had been re- 

(taken by the French in 1705, but for -^e 
ipeedy Return .of the Confederate Army 
irom the Mofelle^ After this, both the 
Diocefe o£ Lieg£ and piedorate of Cologne 
.were fequeftred in the Hands of the Em- 
peroi:, as well as the Eled:orate of Bava^ 
rjay till they were r^ftored to their reipcc- 
tive Sovereigns by tb^c Treaty of Baden, 
in 1 7 1 4. Upon the Death of Jofepb Q5f- 
menty the Cpunt ofBergbes, George Lewis, 
was elefted tothe Sec of ^iege^ where he 
reigned from 1723 to J743. At his De- 
jceafe the Cliapter made Choice of another 
Bavarian Vrincty Theodore, Brother of the 
prefent Emperor, and before Bi^op of 
Ratijbon and Fretfmgen. Liege ilan(^ 35 
Miles almoft N. E. of Namur, 14 S. of 
Macjirichty. 19 almoft W. ofLimburg, 62 
W. of Cologne, 64 almoft N. of Luxem^ 
hurgy 70 almoft E. of Mom, and 54 E. of 
Brujfek. Long., 5 D. 40 M. Lat. 50D. 
36 M. 

Jf^- Huy^ or Hoey, Lat Hugum and Hugo^ 
' *-^' nuniy js .a Town and Caftk on the River 
MaeSy near the Place where the River ttiy 
runs into it,which givesName to theTown, 
'Tis divided by the Maes into two Parts, 
and is reputed very antient. The princi- 
pal Fortifications are on the Right-hand 
Side of the River. Jt had particular Earls, 



;who gave it to the Bifhops o£ Liege. It ha^ 
fufiered much in the late Wars. In 1692 
the French fat down before it, but foon 
quitted the Enterprize. The next Year, 
nowever, they befieged and carried it in a 
few Days. It wjis retakep by the Confe- 
derates in 1694, and reftored to its Sove- 
reign. In 1702, being garrifoned by the 
French^ it was tak?n by the Confederate 
Army, under the Duke of Marlborough^ 
in 1703 J retaken by the French jn 1705, 
and again repoflcfled by the Confederates 
the fapie Year, who held it till it was re- 
ftored to its Prince by the Peace oi Baden. 
It ftands 14 Miles almoft S. W. ofLiege^ 
and 1 7 almoft N. 1^. of Namur. Long. 5 
p. 24 M. Lat; CO D. 30 M, 

«... V T • ' 

Cbinayj or Chiney, is a fmaU Town pn ill. 
.theBorders oiNamur^ fiibjeft to xkit^French Cinna^f. 
after 168 1,. but reftored to the Spaniards 
by the Peace oiRyfwick in 1697, It now 
belongs" to the Bifhop of Liege. It ftands 
14 Miles S. E. oiNamury and 10 N.E. 
of Dinant. ' Long. 5 D, i o M. Lat. 50 

D. 20 M.^ ■ 

Thuin is a littleTown on the River Sam-- IV. 
brej and in the Country between Sambre ^^*''*- 
and Maes. It was fubjeft to the French^ 
Vho fortified it ftrongly towards the End 


gx ^e THEATRE ef 

of the laft CcHtury. It (lands by the Bor- 
ders oiHainauU^ lo Miles almoft W. o£ 
Cbarieroy^ n N. E* oiMaubeuge^ and 14 
S. E. of Mons^ Long. 4 D. 23 M. Lat. 
50D. 18M. 

v« BoutUm, or ButJIon^ lurf. Bulhnium^ is 
*^^^ a feir and beautiful Borough and Caftic, 
with a TerritcMy round i^ bearing the 
iTitle of a Dutchy. Tias Caftle is very 
ftronj|, iCtuated upon a x?'agzy Mountain* 
The vutchy of tiouUIen^ Jho* belonging 
to the State of U^e^ ^ endofed In the 
Province of Lmcetwurg^ ft gave Name 
tb the llluftrious Godfrey, of Bouillon^ King 
ofyerujakm^ who wndertaking the fiunous 
Expedition of the Hojy LanJy engaged 
Bmitim to Oiert Biihop of Liege, upon 
Condition that if he came back he ihould 
have the Liberty of redeeming it^ but 
iucceeding in hts Expedition, and being 
crowned iCing of Jenffakmy the Dutchy 
remaiacd to the Biihops. In the X Vth 
Centuiy it paflcd into <he Houfe of La 
Mark. It was fubjeft to the French at 
the End of the laft Century, but now be- 
longs again to Liege. The Town of 
BouiUon ftandfi on the River ^ernoy^ 38 
MUes almoft W. of Luxemburg^ and 1 2 
N. E. of ^edan. Long. 5 P* 14 M. Lat. 
40 D. 44 M. 


the PRESENT WAR; yj 

Dmant^ Lot. DinantiuMy a rich To«m vl 
rtn the River Mae^ had former))^ a ftrong ^'««'» 
Citadel on a fteep Rock, that was ram^d 
by the French m 1 554, and has been re* 
ftored fince. Tht French were in Poflef- 
fion of this Place from 167 c, till it was 
leftored by the Peace of R^Jwici in 1697, 
It is a Place c^ fcxne Trade, particularly 
in Manu£i<fhires of Brafi and Iron* It Iks 
14 Miles S. of NamuTy 7 almoft N. of 
Cbarkmonty 35 S. W. of Liege, and 40 
almoft E. of Mom. Long. 4 D. 56 M* '*^- 
Lat. 50D. 15M. 

fFalcourtf or Valencourt, is a fmall and viL 
not very confiderabk Town in the BMhop-^''*^*^ 
rick of LiegCy tho' fometimcs reckoned 
mNamur^ It is the Capital of tibe Coun^ 
try between Maes and Samire, and famous 
for an obflinate Skirmiih between the. 
Dutch and French, in which the latter 
fuflained a confiderableLofs, in 1 689. They 
held it till the Peace of Ryfwici, in 1697, 
when it was reftored to Spain, But fince 
the kft Peace it has again been P^rt of the 
Diocefe. It flands on a Rivulet, Miles 
S. of Charleray, and 17 W. of Dinant^ 
Long. 4 D. 32 M. Lat. 50 D. 14 M. 

Florennes is another fmall Tovm in Le J^^^* 
Pays entre Samire^ & Maes, ful^e<^ alfo to ^'^'^^ 


94 Tfc THEjItRE of 

the French at the End of the laft Century, 
but now under its proper Bifhop. It ftands 
5 Miles E. of Wakmrt^ as many N. E. 
oiPhilipviHe^ and 1 1 W. oiDinant. Long. 
4D. 37 M. Lat37D. 14 M. 


IX- Horne iS a little Town in Brabant y with 
Home, a Territory, and the Title of a County. It 
is fituated.on the River MaeSy with a good 
Caftle. It is an Imperial Manor, tho' 
fubordinate to the antient Earldom of 
LootfSy in the Dominion of Liege. It 
ftands 6 Miles almoft W. of Ruremofid. 
Long. 6 D. 10 M. Lat. 57 D. 8 M. 

' X. Hamont is a little Town in the County 
^^^^"^^ of LootZy and fubjedt to this Prince, k 
ftands on the Borders oiBrabanty ij Miles 
N. W. of Maefycky and about Midway be- 
tween Maejiricbt and Boijkduc. Long. 5 
D. 44 M. Lat. 5 1 D. 12 M. 

XL Br^j^ is anothq: fmall Town in the 

•^''O'- County of LootZy fubjeft to this Prince, 

1 1 Miles W. of Maefycky and 25 North of 

Maejiricbt. Long. 5 D. 42 M. Lat. 51 

D.4M. . 

XII. Maefyck is a pretty confiderable Town 

^'^'*- in the County of Lootz, fubjea: to this 

Prince. It was taken by the Allies in 1 702 > 



but reftored by the Peace of Baden. Ft 
ftands on the River Maes^ by the Borders 
of Brabant y JulierSj and Gdderland\ 18 
Miles North oi Maeftricbt , 14 N. W. of 
Valkenburgy and 37 from L/V^^. Long. 6 
D. Lat. 51 D. 

tierk IS a finall Town in the fame xirr. 
County, on the Borders of Brabant ^ and ^^^ 
on a fmall Rivulet of the fame Name, 
which falls a little fiirther into the River 
D emery 30 Miles E. of Maejiricbty 25 
N. W. of LiegCy and 1 8 E. of Louvain. 
Long. 5D. 19 M. Lat. 50 D. 53 M. 

St.Truyeny or St. ^rony Lat. Fanum SanUi XI v. 
TrudoniSy is the Capital of the County of^^-^'^J'"'- 
Hafiainy or HafpengOy iubjeft to this Prince, 
but in theHands of the Confederates daring 
the Sequeftration of hisBifhoprck in the laft 
War. It ftands nigh the Borders of Bra-- 
hanty 22 Miles S. W. of Maejiricbty i o E.. 
of iirlemonty and 20 almoft N. W. of 
Liege. Long. 5 D. 17 M. Lat. 50 D. 

T*ongreSy or Tongereny Lat. Tungriy or XV. 
Aduacata Tungroruniy is a very antient ^''^^''^'• 
Town upon the JeckcTy in the County of 
Lootz. It was firft ruined by Attila^ and 
afterwards by the Normans, Some pre- 

tend that St Mateme^ feat by St Peter^ 
preached theGofpel at, and was firftBifhop 
of this Place, where he had eight Succe^^ 
fors, till Sj. Gervais rc)9ioved the Scat to 
Mae/iricht, whenjoe it was afterwards 
changed to Liege, This Tawn had no- 
thing confiderable but its Name, [and the 
Glory of its antient Splendor, till it became 
diftingui(hed in the laft War : For the 
Confederates taking Pofleflion of it ii^ 
1702, there happened a fharp E 
ment here the next Year, between t 
of them and die Frencby which prored to 
the Advantage of the latter : But tho' in 
Confequence of this they feized the Town, 
they were obliged foon after to abandon 
it, the Allies holding it asain in 1705. 
, It was here the Duke of Martborougb 
joined the Army of the StattSy May 13, 
1706, joft ten Days before the Battle of 
Kami lit eSy to which the Confederates owed 
the Redaction of the Netherlands. It 
lies about i^ Miles N. W. of JLiV^, and 
10 S. W. ot Maefiricbt. Long. 5 D. 32 
M. Lat. 50. 44* M. 

XVI. BorcMoen^ or Lootz^ Capital of the 

Btcbhtn. County of LootZy from whence the Allies 

marched three Days before the Battle of 

Rami Hies ; about Mid-way between jfi/7^r^^ 

and St. Truyen^ 1 2 Miles N. W. of Liege^ 


/^^ PRESENT WAR. ^j 

^ but a Place of no Confequence at prefent. 

J Long. 5 D. 24 M. Lat. 50 D. 44 M . 

J l£^/r is aTown of fome Note^upon the xvii. 

^ Demer^ loMilcsN. W. of Ti^^r^j, where ^^M- 

^ the Biihop has a Palace^ but a Place of no 

Strength^ and therefere we but juft men- 
tion it : As we do fw the fame Reafon Bil^ 
feny 8 Miles W. from Maejiricbty famous 
for a Nunnery of Ladies of Qgality, who 
have the Liberty of marrying out when 
diey pleafe : Francbtnumt^ 1 5 Miles S. E. 
oiLaege^ which was antiently a large po- 
pulous City, the Capital of a Marquifate^ 
but now only an open Village, confiderable 
for its . Lead-Mines ; and the ^pa^ 22 
Miles S. E. oi Liege y femous for its Mineral 
Waters, and theRcfort of Gentry thither 
on that account, tho' otherwiie .die Place 
has only the Rank of a Village. 

Of the County of N a m u R. 

THIS County borders Brabant 6n Boandi. 
the North ; Part of Brabant and 
Hainauk on the Weft } and on the Soi^th 
and Eaft it is almoft iiirrounded by the 
Country of Uege. Its Extent North-Eaft Extent, 
and South-Wdl is reckoned about thirty- 

H four 

\ ^ 

98 . fbe rSEArH'E of 

four Miles, and Weft add -Eaft about 
thirty. . ^ ^ , 

Qu li^} . It is plentifally ftored with all Commo- 
dities : . [The Hilk are ctethSd with Wdods, 
foil of Fowi arid Vehilon, MltheValKys 
fertile in Cbm 'and Pafturage. It^Basal- 
fo federal Mines of i:;ead Sihd Irofa, Qjni"- 
ries of divers Sorts nof iine MArbfe, aiid 
Pits of Stohe-Cdal, which flicyftfll'Hcwfej. 
Cities. There aire here four bbniiderable Towite, 

Villages, and about 184 ViHagJes. 

The chief Rivers Wc, 
Rivers. j. The Afc^^, which Vuiisthfojigh^the 
midft of this Province out 'of the j^fhop- 
rick of Liege into it again, v^afhing CBur- 
lemmty Dificint^ Bouvines^ and JV/riwar. 

2. The Sambre^ which h^re -Waffies 
Charlerc^^, and ^falls mto 'the Mies at 
Govern- xhis C6untryWas fonfacrty lindcr the 
"'^"^' Spaniards : But the French, in the War 
of 1688, conquered its beft Places. The 
Allies, ' however, recovered m'oft of them 
in tlic laft War; and this Province, at the 
Pe/ce oPUtrecbty paffed to aieHeiae'of 

places in the Coun-> /^ ^r,^' 
ty of Namur 2Xf:, Sj^-^^, 



> i V. 

.•. ^• 


tie PRESENT WAR. 99 

JSfamur. Lat. Namurcum. Incol. Namen^ I. 
fituated upon the Conflux of the Sambre ^'^«'^- 
with theM^^y, lies between two Mountains, 
and has a very ftrong Caftle.' Some derive 
its Name from Nmo Muro^ a new Wall, 
built here by the Romans. The Cathedral, 
dedicated to St. Aubin^ was built in 1 569, 
and the Biftioprick is fubjedt to the Arch- 
bifliop of Cambray. Befides the Cathedral , 
there is alfo the Collegiate Church of Our 
La4yy and feveral other Churches and 
Monafteries. This City has a large and 
handfome Market-place, a ftately Towri- 
Houfe, and abundance of good Stone 
Buildings. It is no lefs rich than pleafant 
and ftrong. The Council Royal of the 
Province refides here, from which they 
appeal to that of Malines. In 1692, the • 
Strength of the Place being difcovered to 
the iFrencb by the Baron de Brcjje^ who, 
under Pretence of being taken, did aflually 
defert the S^anijh Service ; Lewis XIV, 
with 80,000 Men, fat down before it 5 
Luxem:burg covering the Siege with an- 
other great Army. The Town was taken 
after a few Days Refiftance, a Parley being 
beaten by a Drummer, that never difco- 
vered who commanded him. While the 
.French continued to befiege the Caftle, 
K^ipg William III, of Great - Britain^ 
miirched with 90,000 Men to its Relief 5 

Hz ' ' but 

loo 72^^ THE AT RE of 

but the French^ tho' advantageoufly poft- 
ed, declined a Battle. His Majefty did 
notwithftanding drive them from fome of 
their Pofts, and laid Bridges over the 
River to pafs it : But in the mean Time a 
great Rain happening, fwelPd the River, 
carried down the Bridges, prevented his 
attacking them, and gave them the Op- 
portunity of taking the Caftle alfo, July 2, 
1692. Namur was afterwards very well 
fortified by the French. And this taking 
of it was accounted one of the moft glo- 
rious Aftions of Lewis XIV. It did not, 
however, continue long in his Hands, be- 
ing retaken by King JVilliam in 1695, af- 
ter a moft defperate and bloody Siege ; 
Marfhal Bouffiers commanding in it with a 
Garrifon of not lefs than 1 6,000 Men, and 
Villeroi without, with an Atmy of an 
100,000, not daring to attempt its Relief. 
Upon the Death of King Charles II. the 
French feized this City, among the other 
Places of his Succeflion, and held it dur- 
ing the laft War : But were obliged, at 
the Peace of Utrecht^ to reftore it to the 
Houfe of Au fir iay who have held it ever 
fince. It is eftecmed the ftrongcft For- 
trefs in Europe. The Jefuits Church is 
reckoned a magnificent Strafturc, exceed- 
ing that of Antwerp. Namur lies 3 2 Miles 
S. E. oiBruJJelSy 37 E. ofMons^ 50 almoft 


the PRESENT WAR. loi 

S. ofAntwerpy 60 S. E. of Gbenty 45 W, 
oiLimburgy 71 N. W. of Luxemburg ^ and 
140 N. E. oi Paris. Long. 4 D. 56 M. 
JLrat. 50 D. z^M. 

Cbarleroy^ J^at. Carolo-Regiuniy is a il. 
Town and Fortrefs built upon a Moun- ^^^* 
tain, near the Junftion of the Sambre and 
Pieton. It was hut a Village, call'dC&^r- 
noy^ till the S/tfwwr^J fortified it in 1666, 
and called it Cbarkroy fi-om Charles their 
King. The French took it the Year after, 
and kept it by the Peace of Aix la Cha- 
felle. The Dutch and Spaniards attempt- 
ed this Town twice in vain, the firft Time 
in 1672, and the fecondin 1677. But in 
the Year 1678, it was yielded to the Spa^ 
niards by tne Treaty of Nimeguen. In 
1692, the French bombarded this Place. 
In 1693, they fat down before it with a 
numerous Army ; the Marquifs de Villefoi 
carrying on the Siege, and Luxemburg 
covering him ; fo that Kitig William of 
Great-Britain^ and the Eleftor of Bava^ 
riaj hot being ftrong enough to attack 
them, they carried the Town by Surrender, 
after ^ gaUant Defence by the Marquifs de 
G^////e?thcGovernor, Who held out againft 
them twenty-feven Days open Trenches, 
and capitulated on honourable Terms, Oc- 
ttfber I. It vvras reftored to the Spaniards 

H3 by 

101 fbi rff&JrtiJS of 

by the Treaty of R^iSoibk' ifi 165^, hxA 
fcized. agaiii by tfid Frefich anfer the! 
Death of King Charlii 11, ahd kept till 
the Peace of Utrecht^ when tfiey vkt^ 
obliged to evaAiate it to the late Emperor. 
It is a Place of great Impbrtahce, arid fi- 
tuate very heir' the borders of Hainault. 
Cbarleroy ftands i i^ Miles W. of Namur\ 
21 fi. of Mom^ afad 26 S. of Bhijfeh. 
Long. 4 D. 33 M, Lat 50 D: ij^M. 

III. Charkmont. Lat. Cdroto^Mbniium. ii a 
Cbarie^ fmall Town, with a very ftrong FortrdTs, 


built by Charles V, in 1555. It ftahds 
' upon tneTop of a Mountain, with ftrblig 
Bulwarks, and other regular Fdrtiflcatiorif , 
The Mies runs at tlie Boftofn of tii5$ 
Mountain below Givcty arid affords ^ic 
Town a great Trade. This Town caltie 
into the Hands of the Trench in 1 680, atiA 
was^kept by them till the Peace ofUfrechf. 
It is fometimes reckoned inlJaintiult. Char-- 
lemont lies 20 Miles S. of Namur^ 26 N. 
of Scdafi^ and 7 S. of Dinanf, Long. 4 
D. 48 M. Lat. 50 D. 10 M. 

IV Bcuvines, or BouvigncSy Lat. Bcvinee 

Botmims. ^j^j Bon)iniacum^ was environed with Walk 

in 1 173, by Henry the 5//W Earl of Na^ 

mur : After which the Cc'untefs Tolande 

granted it the Rights arid Privileges of a 

' City. 

I • 

/i^ PI^1§S^J{T WAR. ic^ 

City. It \?a?. t^en Ity t|ie frencb, an4 re- 
t»lj«l by tl^ ^V^ds^ beforp thp Peace of 
the ^yf^f^^{* Th^ French wcre.i^ailcrs of 
it a^aifi at tli^ ]^d qf jHe Jaft Centwy : But 
th^Qjig?/! (^i^HPgary now has it, asHeir of 
the l^Qijfe 0^ ji^ria. It is but a rmall 
TQWnu Pf no g5e#t Strength, ^d is only 
confiderable for being a Pafs between 
Nfilpur apd Luxembifrg. |t ftarjcjs on the 
4<fep J, aboAit tjyg Miles N. oifjlinanty and 
1 2 pf Namur, Long. 4 D. 55 M. Lat. 
5qP. 17 M. 

Before we qiait this County, it may not 
he iroproppr to ijxention F/erus^ \yliich, 
th.Q' bvt a Village, became reiparkable for 
the famous Battle that >yas fought he^e in 
1690, in whlph the French got the better 
of the dCon^derates. It ftai\ds almpfl ^ 
MUes N. E. of Cbarkroy. an^i i o W, of 
Namur. Lqng. 4D. 45 M. Lat 50 D. 
27 M. 

Of the Dutchy £/* L u x e m b u r g. 

THE Dutchy oi'jjuxemburg is one Bounds, 
of the 3eventeen Provinces, belong- 
ing of old to the Trevin. It has on the 
Eait the BiChoprick of Triers^ or Treves 5 
on the North .the Putchy of Limburg 

H 4 and 

1Q4 ^e THEATRE of 

and Bifhoprick of Liege j on the Weft Ac 
Maes^ wnich in fome Places ieparates 
\X from Champagne^ Hainault^ and Na^ 
muTy tho' in others thofe Provinces reach 
over the River j and on the South Lor- 

Extent, rain. Its Eictent South and North is 
about iixty Miles, and Weft and Eaft about 

QuaUty. The Weft Part of it is barren, but 

abounds with Game : That towards the 

Eaft abounds in Corn, Minerals, Quarries 

of Stone, and yields Wine infonxe Places. 

The chief Rivers are. 

Riven. ' The Mcfelley which here wafhcs Me^ 
ziereSy Tbionroille^ Remich^ and Graven^ 
machereriy and runs into Germany by the 
Eleftorate of Treves. 

2. The Ourty which wafties Hofalize^ 
La Rccbe^ Durbuy^ and runs into Liege. 

3. The Sour^ which v^sihcs Dietkick 
and Edterncib^ and faUs ipto the Mofelle. 

4. The Semcy^ which runs near Arlon^ 
waflaes Chiny^ and runs into the Maes. 

5. The C/6/>r, which runs near Mcnt^ 
viedy and Tvois into the Maes. 

Hift:)ry. Ltixemkurg at firft had the Title of 
County only ; but was made a Dutchy by 
an Emperor of the Houfe of Luxemburg. 

•^oA^ns. It has about 20 wall'd Towns, and 1206 
Villages, which were all under the French 
from the Year 1684, that they took the 

' Capital, 

the PRESENT WAR. 105 

04>ital, till 1697, when they reftored it 
by the Peace of Ryjwick^ except a finail 
Part, The Houie of Luxemburg is one 
of the moft noble Families of Europe i for 
it has jn'oduced five Emperors, whereof 
three w^ere Kings of Behemia^ and has 
been poilefled of great Eilates in Germany 
and France. It has alfb yielded fix Queens^ 
and many Princeflcs. The mofl antient 
of this Houfe that we have Knowledge 
of, was SigefreduSy youngefl Brother of 
Godfrey Earl of Verdun^ who by Ex- 
change got the Caflle of Luxemburg of 
Wiher Abbot of St Maximin of Triers^ 
jlpril 17, 963, whence he took his Sir- 
name, and the Title of Count, which he 
left to his Poflerity. This Family became 
very confiderable about the Xlllth and 
XlVth Centuries, * and was divided into 
three Branches, viz. that of i . Luxemburg 
Ligniy 2. that o( Luxemburg Brienne Sf. 
Pauly and Pind^ (the Heirefs of which 
Branch the late famous MarfhalL^/x^/^^r^ 
married ; but he himfelf was defcended of 
the Earls oi Boutevilley tho' he calPd him- 
felf Francis Henry of Montmorency ^ and 
took the Arms of that Houfe.) The 
third Branch is that oi Luxemburg Fiennes 
and MartigueSy which was long ago ex- 
tinft. This Dutchy came with the refl 


of tbfi Hoofe of .4|i^<^> 
Tli^ moft itaauckablfi Piuzcs here aic^ 

Limtmbt^i^^ Cap. 




; iMQemiur^j Lot. Luxemburgunty or 
^^^ Jluff^ Romanduorumy or l^uoibprgt^^ ^ 
fiteafioi npop the Riv>er E^Cy or G^/[, .one 
Bait of k <Mi a ilill^ a^d the r^ in a 
Vkdn. There is a vAry dxoi^ Caflk, ?iid 
6mral jfegalar Foitifica1;ioQ& It h^ a 
Comneot of the Order of St. Frjoncity ia 
i^vhkh lies bviried ^iJm King of Boi^emay 
Father of •Ciar/fiilV, EinperoTiof G£r;j«a«y^ 
$aiD by the Evgiijh at the Batde c£Cre§yy 
in i 3i|]6. This City has fiifFeced piuch by 
de Wars between «tljc French and the Ne^ 
Hherlands. In 1529 Charles V. took it 
jfirom Fruttds I. xrf Frimce. In 1 542 it 
was tdcen and lacked by the Duke of Or? 
leoMS^ andxetaken, and treated in the fame 
manner the Year fallowing. The French 
took it by Surprize in 1684, and added fo 


the PRESENt WAR. 107^ 

mnch to its Fortifications, as to' render it 
^moft impregnable. However, they were 
obliged to furrcndef it again to the Spa-^ 
niards by the Peace of R^jkoick. The 
French repofTefled it after the Death of 
Charles II, and kept it during the laft War ; 
but ceded it to the Emperor at the Peace of 
Utrecht. About twelve or fourteen Years 
ago,Gotint-^^//^j^, nowMarihal,Govemof 
of the three Bifhopricks in Lorraine forrii^ *- 

ed a moft execrable and cruel Scheme of 
fiirprizing this Place by blowing up its 
Works : But was detefled and previnted. 
An Account of this Confpiracy Vms pub- 
liflied a Year or two ago. It ftands 1 8 
Miles S. W. of Triers^ 3 1 N. of Metz^ 52 
S. oi LinSttr^y and 100 S. E. oi Bruffek. 
Long. 6 D- 15 M. L^. 49 D. 37 M, 

T%ionville^ Diedenhovetty Lat. ^tbeodmls H- 
Villa, upon. the mfelk, is fo advantege-^^'"^*'^'- 
oufly fituated, and fo well fortified, that 
it has pafled a long Time for impregnable. 
The Duke of Gutfe took it in 1558, but 
it was afterwards delivered to the Sfa-- 
niards. The French were beat before k 
in 1630 ; but they made themfelves Ma- 
tters ot it in 1643, after the Viftory aft 
Rocroiy and kept it by the Pyrenaan Peace. 
It was rcftored to Spain by the Peace df 
Ryfwicky in 1697 ; but the French got it 
' ' again 

io8 He THEyiTRE of 

again upon the Death of King Charles 11, 
and had it confirmed to them by the 
Peace of Utrecht. In this Town it was 
that Charlemagne generally aflembled the 
Prelates and Barons of l)is Kingdoms, as 
in 8o6, when he divided his Po0efliohs 
between his three Sons. ThionvilU ibnds 
i\ Miles S. of Luxemburg^ and J7 N. 
of Metz. Long. 6 D. j 3 M, Lat 49 
D. 23 M. 

Ill- Efcbe is but a fmall inconfiderable 
£fi^' Tfown, 10 Miles S, W. of Luxemburg. 

It is mentioned but in few Maps. Long* 

6 D. Lat. 49 D. 35 M. 

IV. Virton is another fmall Town, about 
^^^' 2% Miles W. o{ Luxemburg y 7 Miles N. 

£• of Montmedy^ between that and Arkn. 
The French took it in r68i, and have 
kept it ever iince. Long. 5 D. 39 M. 
Lat 49. 32 M. 

V. Ivoix^ or Tvoixy is a fmall, but pretty ftrong 
^^^^' Town on the River Chier. It was fubjeft to 

the French in the laft Century, reftored by 
the Peace of Ryfivick^ and acquired again 
in the SpaniJJj Succeflion. 30 Miles W. of 
Luxemburg^ 11 S. E. of Sedan, and 23 
almoft S. of Bouillon. Long. 5 D. 25 M. 
Lat. 49 D. 25 M. 


the PRESENT WAR. 109 

Montmedy is a Place of no great Bignefs, vr. 
yet reckoned of very confiderable Strength. ^'^^'^^ 
It is very conveniently fituated upon the 
Top of a high Hill, the Foot where- 
of is watered by the River Cbier. The 
French became Matters of it in 1657, and 
have kept it ever fince. It ftands 32 
Miles almofl W. of Luxemiurgy 1 9 S. E. 
of Sedan y and 23 almoft S. of Bouilhn. 
Long. 5 D. 25 M. Lat. 49 D. 25 M. 

Stenayy or A^enaiy Lat. Stenauniy or vii. 
Stenacumy is a itrong City upon the Maes^ ^'»«r- 
on the Borders oiCbampaigne and Lorrain. 
It belonged to the famous Prince of Conde 
in the Middle of the laft Century, when 
he was at War with his Sovereign Leivis 
XIV. The French took it in 1 654, and 
annexed it to the Dutchy of Bar in Lor^ 
rain. It ftands 1 3 Miles W. of Montmedy^ 
20 S. of Bouillon^ 1 1 S. E. of Sedany and 
15 N. W. of Damvilliers. Long. 5 D. 
17 M. Lat. 49 D. 19 M. 

Damvilliers is a ftrong little Town, for- VIII. 
merly in the Dutchy of Luxemburg y but now ^^J!^' 
annexed to the Dutchy of Lorr am. It was 
taken by the French in 1659, given them 
afterwards by the Treaty of the Pyrenees y 
and diimantled in 1673, in Confequence 
of the Treaty of ^'x la Obapelk. It ftands 


no ^ TREATS RE of 

on a Hill by the Borders pf Lorrainy 3 1 
Miles W. of 7'bionvil/e, 13 S. oi Montmedy ^ 
and 1 5 almoft W. of Stenay. Lon^. 5 D. 
33 M. Lat. 49 D. 20 M. 

ix: MaiJierSy or MezierSy is a little Town 
Maifiers, ^^ ^^ Mofelky about 25 Miles S.ofLux- 
4fnhurgy and 4 N. otiMetz. It belongs to 
the French. 

We apprehend it can give the Readers 
no gj'eat Pleafurc to fee the Pofition exaft- 
ly computed of fuch iinall Places, feverai 
of which will occur in what follows : and 
th^efore we fhall fetdown the Longitude 
a^d Latitude, for the future^ only of Towns 
that are confiderable; eidier iot Magnitude 
or Strength. 

X. Durbuy is another finall Tawn, with 
Durbvy. ^j^^ rpj^j^ q£ ^ County, on the River Ourt, 

nigh the Biftioprick of Liege^ fuhjeft to 
the French ever fince -i 68 1 . Jt ftands 20 
Miles almoft S. of Liege^ and 26 almoft 
E. of Namur and Llinant. 


XI. Bajioigney or Bafiofiachy Lat^ BaSionia 
Bapigne. ^j BaSlonacuniy near the Foreft of ^- 

denne^ is fo well built,. ,and of fo great 
Trade, that the People of the. ipquntry 
<^ it Parii in Ardenne. It is t|ie Capitsd 


the PRIS S^NTT WK R -jrra 

of the Terratory^oTC&flrt/to^jjf. fltfiamds 
25 Miles N. W. of 2j«M»aJa»y, andi^ 
N, of jirlon. 

Vinndeny or Widnde^ is a confi&mble JCII. 
Town, with the Title of a County, on the 
KttfeHiVerl/riz, liibjea to«the' Q^ie^ of 
iHngary ; aboat 21 Miles N. 6f LuMem^ 
imrgy and 16 E. oiBafhigne. 

ArlMy Jtrkftj Lot. j4f lummy isaftiobg Xlll. 
Kttle To^, ii6t»fer from die ^Btnkrs t)f -^^• 
Lof^diny dignified ^with tile IHdc ttf f a 

. Marquifiite'in 11^3. •Itis.'fertdd'mpbnra 
Hiil, uiar the Ritcr Senmy^ ^ where 'Ac 
<^ril&ent Mkiftitdnts *^ere/ Wdnt to^iktre 

' the Mobn. ^hc'Frmcb wete xmoi Ma- 

-ftei-s bf'it, 'Irot it^tiow *riongs-ta^the 

i^iecin of Hmgary. It Aands.iafaQat 14 


* ^ifi^Macberm^lSMifsgfifbM 

necby €/isr*cwito:,' 6cc. arei other' Tcwns^on 
' Ais ' Ddfchy, \ wfeiih ' hare ifittlc rtmcnt- 
' able t^ trtikt tbem tnentioQed as ibparate 


€iW^ dcfervfes a Ktde'mojfe^Notice,.* ©n 
^account 'of the insdependant Jatif2i<9do» it 
' rftifl preferves, tho' it has been near three 


112 "the THEATRE of 

hundred and fifty Years united to the 
Dutchy of Luxemburg. 

Of the County of Hainault. 

Bounds, qp H I S Province is bounded on the 
\ North with Brabant and Flanders ; 
on the Weft with the Scbeldy which parts 
it from Artois^ and Part of the French 
Flanders ; on the South with the Cam- 
brefsj Cbampaigney and Picardy ; and on 
the Eaft with Part of Brabant y the Bifhop- 
rick of Liegey and the County of Namur. 

Extent. 1(5 Extent North and South is about fixty 
Miles, and about feventy Weft and Eaft. 
It bears the Title of an Earldom, or 
County I was antiently called Saltus Car'- 
bonariusy from the abundance of Charcoal 
made in the Woodsand Forefts of it ; and 
now Hatnaulty from the River J£z/;zr, that 
runs through it 

Quality. The Air is here temperate, and the Soil 
very fruitful, the Land being well wa- 
tered by Rivers, Lakes, Gfr. which very 
much enrich it: So that the Country 
abounds, in moft Places, with frefti 
Meadows, and fweet Paftures, good Fruit, 
and profitable Trees, but efbecially with 
great Plenty of Corn. There are alfo 





Lead and Iron Mines, and Quarries of ex** 
cellent Marble. 

The principal Rivers are, 

1 . The Sambre^ which here waflies Lan^ Riven. 
drecy^ Armiers^ Maubeuge^ and runs into 

the Scheld at Namur. 

2. The Scheldt which wztties Boucikuny 
Valenciennes y and Condi y and then runs into 

3. The Haine^ which wafties Bincb^ 
MonSy St Gbillainy and Ms into the Scheld 
near CondS^ 

4. The Dendery which here waifhes 
Leufey LtgnCy Aetby and LeJpneSy and runs 
into Flanders* 

This Province is faid to contain 24'rown3, 
waird Towns, and 956 Villages : Among ^^' 
which are reckoned one Principality, 10 
Counties, 12 Peerages, 22 Baronies, and 
26 Abbies ; with an Earl-Marfhal, a Se- 
nefcbal, a Great-Huntfman, a Chamber- HWory. 
lain, and divers other Officers, whofe 
Places are hereditary* Regnierl, firnam- 
ed Long^Necky is accounted the 6r{l Earl 
of Hainault. He had twenty-one Succef- 
fors to Charles V, King of Spainy and 
Emperor of Germany ; in the Poffeffion of 
whofe Succeflbrs to the Crovi^n oi Spain 
Hainault continued, till the French got 
the greateft Part of it, by Force of Arms, 
in the laft Century. 

I The 

^ L:. 




The moft remarkable Places in Hainault 

Mons^ Capital. n 
















Braine le Comptey 

Fontaine fEvefquey 

St. Ghittatny 

Leufe. J 

< MonSy named Bergen by the Natives, 
LaU MonteSy or Monies HannonMy is iitu- 


We fhafl afcribe thefe 
. to their refpeftive 
^ Maftcrs as .we pro- 

the PRESENT WAR; n^ 

.aicd on a Hill near the River Trout Ik. It 
19 large, and well fortified with good Bul- 
warks^ and three Ditches ; with Sluices 
that may drown all the Country round 
about, except the South-Eaflem Side, where 
the Ground is foii\^what higher, and whera 
they have raifed good Baftions. This 
Town has fine ]^ildings» and an old 
Caftle ; and. is fiimous for its Trade, good 
Workmen, and the Abbey of Canoneiles 
of St Waltruie. They are Virgins of 
Quality, who are prefent at the Mqrrv- 
ing Service in Canonical Habits, but wear 
Secular Clothes the reft of the Day, and 
are permitted to marry. The antient 
Earls of Hainault took the Title of Earis 
of Mms. This Town was fome Years 10 
the PoffeflSon of the Frencby who carried 
it after a vigorous Siege, and gallant De^ 
fence, in 1 69 1, Le'wisl^W. being prefent 
in Perfon. He reftored it by the Peace of 
Ryfieicky but fetzed it again upon the Death 
of King Cbarks H, and kept Pofleflion till 
J 709. That Year it was befieged by the 
Dnke of MarBorougb; and the grand 
French Armyy under die Marifaals Viliars 
and BmfflerSy threaten'd to relieve it. The 
Duke advanced to give them Battle,, andl 
came np with them in the Woods nc&r thr 
Village oi Malfdaquety aboutUbvcU'Ca eight 
Miles to the South of this City, where 

I 2 they 

xj6 njeTHEATREof 

they lay behind treble ^Intrenchments, 
He attacked them, however,, and gave 
them an entire Defeat, tho' with great 
Lofs on the Side of the Allies. This Vic- 
tory was followed by the Reduction not 
oi Mons only, but of almoft all Haitiaulty 
the greateft Part of which was confirmed 
to ' the Houfe of Auftria by the Peace of 
Utrecht. It ftands 27 Miles S. W. oiBruf- 
feh^ 37 ^- of Namury 39 almoft 8. of 
Gbenty 48 almoft S. q& Antwerp^ 65 almoft 
W. oi Liege ^ and 48 almoft N. E. oi Arras. 
Long, 4 D. 4 M. Lat. 50. D, 26 M. 

^^ Btncby or Bins, Lat. Bincbium, is fitu*- 

^''''^^' ated upon a Branch of the River Haine. 
It is an antient and pleafant City^ in a 
fertile Country, abounding in all manner 
of Game, and the Air is very good : For 
which reafon Mary Queen of Hungary, 
Sifter to the Emperor CA^^r/fj V, built in it a 
very fine Houfe, which the French mined 
in 1 5 1;4, after the taking of Marienburg 
and Dinant. It has been fince rebuilt^ 
and calked Marimont. The French became 
Mafters of Binch in i668> being yield- 
ed to them by the fecond Article of the 
Peace of Aix la Qoapelle, after which they 
rcpair'd it, and added fome new For- 
dncations. But it was rained again in the 
late Wars of the Low Coimtries, and the 


» / 


fbePRESET^T WAR. 117 

Fortifications demolifhed. It ibnds 12 
Miles E. of MonSy 1 1 W. of Cbarleroy^ 
and 30 S. of Brujfeh. 

Conde^ Qmdet^ hat. Condatum^ ox Con" III. 
date^ is fituated on the Banks of the Scheldt ^"^^ 
with the Title of a Principality. The 
French took it in 1 676, and rendered it a 
very important Place. It has given its 
Name to many of the Royal Houfe of 
Bourbon^ fince Francis of Bourbon^ Count 
of Vendomey married Mary of Luxemburg^ 
eldeft Daughter and chief Heirefs of Pe^ 
ter of Luxemburg^ fecond of the Name, 
Count of St Paul^ Coiwerjion^ Soijfons^ 
Vifcount ^ of Meaux^ Lord of Enghien^ 
Conde, &c. The Family of Condi-Bour^ 
bon is next in Blood to the Houfe of Or^ . 
leans. LewiSy Prince of Conde^ was one 
of the greateft Generals of the laft Cen- 
tury. This Town is antient as well as 
flrong. The French ^ after the Lofs of 
Flanders and Brabant^ at the End of the 
Year 1706, caft up new Lines from Mom 
along the Haifne to Conde\ and from 
thence along the Scheld to l^ournay. The 
Allies becoming afterwards Mafters of this 
Place, it pafTed, with mofl of the other 
Towns in the Netherlands^ to the Em- 
peror, Father of the Queen of Hungary. 
Qondi flands 13 Miles W. of Mons^ 6 

1 3 a^moft 


ii8 rbe THEATRE cf ' 

atmoft N. E. of Valenciennes^ and 14 S. E, 
ot Tournay. 

IV. Valenciennes^ hat. VaUntiana^ or Valen-- 
Tii/f^aV*- flfi^ana^ is a very antient, pleafant, and 
ftrong Town upon the Scheldt and the 
little River Rond. It is thought the Vir- 
gin Mary's Church there was built by 
King Pepin. There are feveral other con- 
fiderable Churches and Colleges, {it being 
an Univerfity) with a fine Town-Houfe. 
The Inhabitants are noted for Commerce 
and Riches. This Place was bcfieged in 
1656, by the Marifhals of Turerme and 
La Fert^ Senneferre ; but Don John of 
jiu/lriay backed by the Valour of Ae 
Prince of Conde\ raifcd the Siege, and 
took Marfhal La FertS. Lewis XIV. 


having laid Siege to it in 1 677, carried it 
by Aflault, by the Favour of one of the 
Gates, which was half open ; and to fave 
it from Plunder, forced the Inhabitants to 
be at the Charge of building a Citadel. 
Valenciennes is reckoned the fecond City 
in Hainault. It remained to the French 
by the Treaty of Utrecht. The late King 
Leivis XIV. caufcd a noble Caufeway to be 
thrown up from this Place to Lifle^ and 
fo on to Tpres^ extending above fifty Miles. 
The chief ManufeAures of Valenciennes 
are at prefcnt Silk and Linoens. It ftands 


the PRESENT WAR. li^ 

f 7 Miles abnoft W, of Mmty as much 
near S. of Houmay^ 418. W. of BruJfeUy 
and 43 S. of Ghent. Long. 3 D, 37 M, 
Lat. 50 D. 20 M. 

Boucbaiftj Lat. Bocbofiium and Bucci-* v. 
;i/i^/^, is fituafied upon the left Bank of the ^ ^'*' 
Scheldt between Valenciennes and G?/;^ 
bray. It is a fnaall Town, but well forti- 
fied, and has a very good Caftie. It is 
the Capital of the County of Qfietvand^ 
yrhich in Times paft belonged immediate* 
ly to the eldeft Sons of the Earls of Hai^ 
naidt. It belonged to the French fix>m 
1 676, when they took it, till 1 7 1 1 , when 
the Duke of Marlborough carried it after a 
pretty fmart Siege. It was retaken by the 
French in 171 2, after the Englijh had fe- 
parated ftom the other Allies. It ftands 
1 2 Miles S. W. of Valenciennes^ 28 S. W, 
of MonSy and 9 N. of Cambray. 

Soignes is a fmall, and not very confi-i- vi. 
derable Town, on the River Senne, 9 ^"^''"• 
Miles ,N. E. of Mons^ and 1 1 S^ E. of 

Roccks^ or Riux^ a finaH open Town^ vri. 
7 Miles almoft N. E« of McnSy and 5 al- ^<^^/^'- 
moft S. of Soignes. 

1 4 ^efnoy 


the PRESENT WAR. ^l^ 

A J Miles almoft W. of Mmt^ as much 
near S. of l^mrnay^ 41 S. W. of Brujfels^ 
and 43 S. of Ghent. Long. 3 D. 37 M. 
Lat. 50 D. 20 M. 

Bouchairtj Lot, BQcbomum and Buccw ^. 
mi/;97, is fituatcd upon the left Bank of the 
ScbeUy between Valenciennes and Cam- 
bray. It is a fnmll Town, but vi»cH forti- 
fied, and has a very good Caftie. It 18 
the Capital of the County of Qfietvand^ 
yrhich in Times paft belonged immediate- 
ly to the eldeft Sons of the Earls of Hai^ 
natdt. It belonged to the French fixMn 
1 676, when they took it, till 1 7 1 1 , when 
the Duke of Marlborough carried it after a 
pretty fmart Siege. It was retaken by the 
French in 171 2, after the Englijh had fe- 
parated from the other Allies. It ftands 
1 2 Miles S. W. of Valenciennes^ 28 S. W. 
of MonSy and 9 N. of Cambray^ 

Soignes is a fmall, and not very confix vi. 
derable Town, on the River Senne^ 9 ^''^''"• 
Miles ,N. E. of Mons^ and 1 1 S^ E. of 

Roccles^ or Reux^ a fmaU open Town^ vri. 
7 Miles almoft N. E. of MonSy and 5 al- ^«^^'''- 
naoft S. of Soignes. 

1 4 %5/wjf 

the PRESENT WAR. n^ 

f 7 Miles almoft W. of Mm%^ as much 
near S. of l^ournay^ 41 S. W. of Brujfels^ 
and 43 S. of Ghent. Long. 3 D, 37 M. 
Lat. 50 D. 20 M. 

Boucbaiftj Lat. Bocbomum and Bucci-* ^' . 
wV/w, is fituatcdupon the left Bank of the ^'^ "*'"' 
Scheldt between Valenciennes and G7/;2- 
in-ay. It is a fnaall Town, but well forti- 
fied, and has a very good CaiHe* It is 
the Capital of the County of Qfietvand^ 
yrhich in Times paft belonged immediate- 
ly to the eldeft Sons of the Earls of jEfc/- 
nault. It belonged to the French iix>m 
1 676, when they took it, till 1 7 1 1 , when 
the Duke of Marlborough carried it after a 
pretty fmart Siege. Jt was retaken by the 
French in 17 12, after the Englijh had fe- 
parated from the other Allies. It ftands 
1 2 Miles S. W. of FalencienneSy 28 S- W. 
of MonSy and 9 N. of Cambray. 

Soignes is a fmall, and not very confi'- vi. 
derable Town, on the River Senne, 9 ^'''^''''• 
Miles ,N. E. of Mons^ and 1 1 S, E. of 

RoccleSy or Reux^ a fmaH op©a Town^ vri. 
7 Miles almoft N. E.ofMom^ and 5 al- ^^^''^• 
moft S. of Soignes. 

1 4 %5/wjr 

the PRESENT WAR. li^ 

€ 7 Miles altnoft W. . of Monty as much 
near S. of T^mmay^ 41 S. W. of Brujfelsy 
and 43 S. of Ghent. Long. 3 D. 37 M. 
Lat. 50 D. 20 M. 

Bouc&ainy Lat. Bocbomum and BuccU ^' . 
niumy is iituated upon the left Bank of the ^ ^'"* 
Scbeldy between Valenciennes and Cam^ 
bray. It is a fmall Town, but vwll forti- 
fied, and has a very good QdHe. It is 
the Capital of the County of Qfiervandy 
.yrhich in Times paft belonged immediate* 
ly to the eldeft Sons of the Earls of jHtf/- 
nault. It belonged to the French from 
1 676, when they took it, till 1 7 1 1 , when 
the Duke of Marlborough carried it after a 
pretty fmart Siege. It was retaken by the 
French in 171 2, after the Englijh had fe- 
parated from the other Allies. It ibnds 
1 2 Miles S. W. of V'alencienneSy 28 S- W. 
of MonSy and 9 N. of Cambray. 

Soignes is a fmall, and not v«y confi- vi. 
derable Town, on the River Senney 9 ^''^''"' 
Miles ,N. E. of MonSy and 1 1 S^ E. of 

RoccleSy or ReuXy a fmaH opm Town^ vri. 
7 Miles almoft N. E. of MonSy and 5 al- ^^^'''• 
mofl S. of Soignes. 

1 4 %c/^ 



Fortifications demolifhed. It ilands 12 
Miles E. of Mons^ 1 1 W. of Cbarleroy^ 
and 30 S. of Brujfels. 

Conde^ ConJety Lat. Condatumy or Con^ III. 
date, is fituated on the Banks of the Scbeld^ ^^^*'* 
with the Title of a Principality. The 
French took it in 1 676, and rendered it a 
very important Place. It has given its 
Name to many of the Royal Houfe of 
Bourbon^ fince Francis of Bourion, Count 
of Fendome, married Mary o^ Luxemburg ^ 
eldeft Daughter and chief Heirefs oi Pe^ 
ter of Luxemburg, fecond of the Name, 
Count of St Paul, Converfion^ Soifons, 
Viicount .of Meaux, Lord of Enghieny 
Condi y &c. The Family of Condi-Bour^ 
ban is next in Blood to the Houfe of Or^ . 
leans. Lewis, Prince of Conde, was one 
of the greateft Generals of the laft Cen- 
tury. This Town is antient as well as 
ftrong. The French, after the Lofs of 
Flanders and Brabant, at the Pnd of the 
Year 1706, caft up new Lines from Mons 
along the Haifne to Conde, and from 
thence along the Scheld to Tournay. The 
Allies becoming afterwards Maflers of this 
Place, it pafTed, with mofl of the other 
Towns in the Netherlands, to the Em- 
peror, Father of the Queen of Hungary. 
Condi fbnds 13 Miles W. of Mons^ 6 

1 3 a^mofl: 

/i&^PRESENT WAR. 117 

Fortifications demolifhed. It ilands 12 
Miles E. of Mons^ 1 1 W. of Charleroy^ 
and 30 S. of Brujfels. 

Conde^ Condety Lat. Condatum^ or Con- III. 
date^ is fituated on the Banks of the Scheldt ^^^'* 
with the Title of a Principality, The 
French took it in 1 676, and rendered it a 
very important Place. It has given its 
Name to many of the Royal Houfe of 
Bourion^ fince Francis of Bourbon^ Count 
of Vendomey married Mary of Luxemburg^ 
eldeft Daughter and chief Heirefs of P^- 
ter of Luxemburg^ fecond of the Name, 
Count of St Faul^ Converjion^ SoiJfonSy 
Vifcount . of Meaux^ Lord of Engbien^ 
Condi ^ &c. The Family of Condi-Bour^ 
bon is next in Blood to the Houfe of Or-^ . 
learn. I^e^is^ Prince of Conde^ was one 
of the greateft Generals of the laft Cen- 
tury. This Town is antient as well as 
llrong. The French^ after the Lofs of 
Flanders and Brabant y at the End of the 
Year 1706, cafl up new Lines from Mons 
along the Haifne to Conde^ and from 
thence along the Scbeld to Tournay. The 
Allies becoming afterwards Maflers of this 
Place, it pafled, with mofl of the other 
Towns in the Netherlands^ to the Em- 
peror, Father of the Queen of Hungary. 
Condi flands 13 Miles W. of Mons^ 6 

1 3 a^mofl: 

128 "tbt^tHBATRBof 

took it,tfa«^vY|earafbr, ^nd kept the In^. 
habitants in Awe by a Citadel built at 
tbeir own Expence. It changed Mafters 
fomc Time after, when the Puke ofj^en^ 
fpnf King Henry 111^ was made 
Count of Flandp'S in 1582, and alfo Ma-* 
- fter of Camifoj/fr He left , it . ta. yohn . 
MpniieUy Sieur of Be/agnyy whp foon after 
joined Hinifelf tp. the Leagup, and after- 
wards nt^de Peacq with Henry IV,^ who^ 
created «kim Prince- of Ca^brayy aad Mar-; 
ihal of France^^ ?^*^h594* ^ut ^the ^pa^ ' 
ni(^rds furMiz^drthis^'J'own^^nd^orce^ 
hipfi to them the CiiSfdel, the 9th . 
of OBob€r\ji^c)ti, ' The Inhabitants, acf 
knowledged Pm/p lly oi Spain ^i but the 
Archbifhop inade fech Complaints, and 
fhewed foch Reafons for them, th^ thp 
King was. fatisfied with being Mafter ot, 
the Citadel, and Protector of the Country, 
and left all other Jurifdi(^on to th^t Pre** 
late. Th^ Spaniards fortified thisTpwn very 
well, and kept fuch a ftrojng Garrifon in it, 
that it was looJlQd upon tol)e impregnable^ 
Yet the King of France took it in 1 677, 
and got jt confirmed to him the follow- 
ing Year by the Tfeaty ofNimeguen, The 
great. Citadel is uppn a Height in the 
Eaft, which qfJit>«)^nds all the Town : 
The Ditch .is wrought in a R(>ck. Th? 
lUmpafts Qijlh^ToVfn Mte alfb environM^ 


■•>.•' '* 

/58p RBlI5$JElfa^ WAR. -»?9 

, icaid&d ^itti mm. §(iodMS^ns, XiMfe 

:i)tbei: gopd f\(>r&td ^ddfeirf it «n ,thA'3ilJe, 

. .^icHlfyin^ Jteff^ lie ibfHi drO^^fW 

by/idx^in^.th^ Skkesi . T^9.CiiaptQr l>f 

this City is one of the moft confiaerablc 

. Mght :Qim>nii^ and InmKfj^&yi BccldMf- ^ 

It is affirmed, that MiMiaeii %^Xjrf^n 
by Nation, was the Arft Prelate of Cam^ 

iabowt 408.: iPdfjr P^r^vIV"* frwle it\in 
:jALfdi^i{l)6t)fkk in' J.5595 .upon the Jle- " 
^oft of jKiog UHfilipvet Spain ; iand the 

Bifhopricks QTi^fri^ii, jT^iira^, Sf.Omer, 
and Ndmur^ were given it for Suffragans. 
iThe Archbiihops take the Title of Ehikes 
of Qambray^ Cbnnts ^i^tmbr^^ and^ 
Princes of the Empire. The Streets of 
:?lihis Town arc wide and 'ftcry neat, awd . -' 
• Ate priccipai .and richeft'icn^. in a great 
i Square, whert the Town^ou& is buttt, 
« loid.h^ a Tory cDriou3 Gleek. ' -Here are 
nine Pari(h Churches, three. Abbies, and 
ifeveral other. KcligiausHoafes.^d ^TO- 
'nidleties. IThe J^xu>us FdvfAw^, Audtor 
of I'ckmachus^ was ArcKbifliop Iwe /at 
lithe Beginning of the pirefent Century. j 

r Onhere are veiy g;i»d:Maniafiii£h^ ^ftrC^m*' ^ 

• > < 

from thisCity*- It4biid8,t34Miii^.S«iiiC^^ 
^ v-. 7 tof JWb;t#, ao abnoft E. oiJh-My^ 4o:N. E. 
« '^^'Amensi iu^' 94/'»lmoft N* of Barh^ 
^ : l<«ig. 3D. 18 M. Lat 50 D. n M< -* 

II. GrtfVf^^rwr is a Place, of ape gsetl Mo- 
.^'^^"' jtneot, either for Magaitudc^pTi Strength. 
^^"^^Jk Aakxls-cfi ihe RJ^a ;4^dW, 4)^ 
Miles Sw cf Cambray. ^ • . 

-•,': ♦ '...'• 'T I ••.. f ^^'-^ r .' 

in. . ^ 0mUmCiOubnfo^ or Cb0tein^rn.€aM^ 

^^*^^^j, is another inconfiderable Toivn of 

- ttus ProviiKe) on the BUver&ZJ^ ijl^Miles^ 

V'^ £« of Ctf^^^. Its Foctificatioaisr.^ 

now in a ruioous .Conditbn* * . ^ . ..« ' 

• 1 

Q/^ //&^ County ^,A^tx>is^ 


^. aRTOIS borders Pi«r-^ , oa,. the 
-^ -• Sooth 5. the -Baulomwis on tlie Weft 5 
. the County «f Flandars «i.the,i^ort4i^ 
and the Cambrefii, with Part diFlanitirs^ 
i on theEaft. 
Fxtcnt. - Its Extent South and Nocth-^Weft : is 
aixnit fixty<-five Miles, -and about .fifty 
/-Weft and Baft- • 
Qua%Y It is ^exceeding fertile in aU Sorts, of 
-Com, Iv^feKiare |wrtiaijarly o£ Wheat ^ 


tv> -« .. r* 

/BfPH'fe^^iWt^^AR. ,31 

'■ •'■m has in It 1 2 Citws of will'd "^irtis, Citiet, 
•%50 Tillages, 9 ChatteHihles;'or'X:^e-^;'*8«' 
•wstrds, ai3kl' feveral At>l>l& «ijd jMolaf- '* 

terics. ' 

• ' • '■ T!re thief Hirers in thif^Prov&fcS^ are' y. 
'^: i>*'Tfic iSri^^f/ which here ^«fties 'f'v^^- 
->frr/w,-aridniiisi^ Fhnders nigli Ao- 
t'^iijr, -^' ' ' . • ! '."'■ 

^2. The Ljfi, which here wafhcs jiire 
■•&id 5^i f^iw/, "aridYiins im6 Planders 

1^^^ Eftaires.' '^' '''^ - >"''^';; -.> 

'^ • ^. TJleJit,, which hcro»'Waflic« Jt/fc/y'" 
'•-tcrrd** St. Omert^ runs into* Fhtldert^ and 
&lls into the Sea by Gravelitkfi 

4. The Cancbfy which wafhes Hefdin^ 
ftfcw into France^ and mingles with the 
Sea below Monjlreuil. - 

j^ivsiVTZS fubjcdt to the Romans in com- Hiftmy 
" ttion with the bthferCoiintries hereabputs ; ^jJ^^Y 

* afterwards to i!h^ Freneh^ and, •upofi the 

• DiVifionfof 'the.Fr^/rriJDoniiniorts; tothe 
% Kings of -Aryfr^^ ; fincc'wh^fe Time it 

has often chan^d Matters. i^rWj XI, 

King of JB'4;?rr> made himfdf Matter of 

' Jirtofs tn r477, after*<he Dr:|th of G6wr/?i 

^ tlfe Bold^ Duke of Burgmtdy : But -ftfory 

^ -ifF''''ft/f^4*> * ^^**^ G^/fjr's JXughter^ 
-.^uglir^t into^^Hofete^f:/^rt^, by 
•^^ ^ K 2 marry- 

—■» >» 

of Philip 1^ and Crandfathcr pf Cbarles'Vy 
and Ferdinand I. For hy .the Tiacaty. be- 
tween -Ghirks Vlll;, King oi Frswe^ anct 
Maximilian^ this Provincje was furrcnacr;d 
to Philip oiAuftria. Ppancit'i. of Francf^ 

^ Was forced by the f ekce of MaHriHy in. 
1-5 2 9> to qDit Artois to-^tfce r^^afwr^^ 

• which was afterwards poifefic^fby Philip 
liV^and IIL ,3ut the jpr^^^^ 
it \indev Pinlip IV,. Son oi* the.J^aft, 
. who yicld^^it tothen^ hv the 2!5th' Ar- 
ticle of the PyrefKgan tv&itjyy kt^^ ^^^y^ 
rcferving to hraiielf the Toii^ ^i Jure- 
. and 5/. G»Mr, fince taken ^y the iFrewrX ;. 
:1b that they are now Mai£ars of all this 

• \ r » • 

' The moil remarkable f^lacesin Jfr^i^^^ 
ArraSy Bifli. Cap. I Aire^ trioiyy 


Hefdiny, . . •. 

Bethuney. V LiqueSy 

St. Venanty I Pernes^ 


. tf ' A. • « • A . 

■ • 

l> ArraSy AtrecbtyL^a.liigiacumy.orprU' 

* Arras. giacuWy onticotly called Atrehauimy is fcaai- 

cd on the Scarpe.. It !» a Biihoprickr 

•'Sof&aga& aiCambray\ ami! a wiyantiesit 

X .« 



' ! ♦ 







> 1 

^ t ♦ * '' i 



' J 

^ ^S 



/ • 

M4 • - "J. 

i. . .7 

. » . » -■ ^' 

. i 


r* ^ 

; «*» 

.1 ,»" ., 


City, ^^ajiy vho died in 540, was it^ 
firft Bilhop. liewis XL of France m^de 
himfelf Mafier of tt in 1477, but reftor'd 
it aftefward^ (as^ abbve-mentioned ai the 
Province) to tht. £mperor Maximiium. 
The Spaniards fortified il;, ib as to think 
they had rendered it impregnable : Where- 
4jpon, it is faid, they cauied the Emblem 
of fome Rats ranning after ISats^ to be 
carved on the Fronti^iece of <}ane ^dE tRe 
Cates of this City, with theic two hom- 
ing Vcrfcs* 

^and ces flats ffrtndrtmt ces Chats, 
Jjes Fjan9ois frrendrmt Arras. 

That is. 

When diefe RtUs /hall catch thde Ctis^y 
. Then die French flull take Arras, 

This Security, however^ was Dot well 
fimnded.^ for the .Mailbals of Cbaunej^ 
Cbatillon^ and La M^illeraye^ laid Sie^ 
to, and carriedit in 1640, after they had 
defeated the Cardinal In£uite, who came 
to rdieve the Place. Tht French then 
leaving the (aid Emblem upon the Gate, 
did but take away the P, in the Wbr& 
f^renibront of the fecond Verfe, which 

K 3 quifc 

qttHn<ik^ ^k^ignification of t&b Mau 


I . 

^tiand ces Rats prendrmt ces Chats, 

4 i •• 

t »•• 

.;. ': ^* 

♦ « 


That is. 

iWhen thefe i^i fhall catch tfaefe Cats^. \ 
v5the. French fhali then r^ij^« Arras. 

; HheSpanianisCsLt down beforeitio 1 6 C4^ 
but ^ere beat off with great Lofs ; fo that 
it fttli belongs • to l^- French^ who have 
made its Foitifications very ftrong and ro- 
gular. Ir is a Place of large Circumfe- 
rcnce» well peopled, cich, and trading. 
.Tbci Streets stt^ broad and fair, adorned 
wifib^afpaciou) Market-place. Here is alb 
a beautifiilCatbfidral,ia veryvwealthy Abbe^, 
.and a ftrong Caftle. . The Inhabitants have 
been famous for making of Sa^, and are 
l^aw £o for Tapeftry Hangings. They hanre 
faves bhdei; xnoft of their H(Dixfes^ where 
their Wives and Children ufed to bclodmd 
tin Tinaes of AjSiege. The- Abbey of St ri^ 
dffti Of V^fjly' has a , Revenue of 20t,ooo 
,Circiwn!J ^ Yeai]. ^ -^r<d/5 is.dividcd into the 
.City ai^ ,tl»e Town, of which the ISdwn 
is generally the beft built . This City 
/bands 20 Miles almoft W. of Cambray^ 

the V ff M"S!l^t^ *^.^flriL is^s^ 

and 92 N. of Pans,' ^ Loiig 2 D; 49 
Lat. 50 D. 8 M. 

St. Omr; La/Fmnim Sarf&iAuJimit^\ n. 
and UrAs AudmarenfiSy' lies oft the River*'* ^*^' 
Aa^ in the Country of the antient Mdrim\ 
and is a Bifhop's See, linder tlie Archbi«<' 
^ffy^ofv Cami^ray. ^. O^^, ot jiudo^ 
maruty Bifho^ oi^ertmane^ Buik this Cfty 
10670. AnAFoulqueSy Abbot of 8t, B^- 
/i;i, began, to encompafs it with Walls in 
&&Oy which were afterwards finifhcd b^' 
SakkiM 11^ fimamed the BaUj Barl of 
FLhtderSy ki 902 ; who alfo jbmed the 
Abbey of Sttbieu to the City. Afterwardfi 
Tertmam beings demoliihed^ in the XVIdi 
Centuiy, there were^ inAead of it, found- 
ed .tW9"Bifliopritks* ih 1550, m'j^* thit«f 
Bokgfieia Frane^;^iMAwihd(St(h9^ 
Near tli^ City is^ik Lake, fdid to contain 
feverai fmali ' floating ^Iflartds^ inbabited 
by-certain Faibiliei who' never itiairry 
hot among ditenfdves, withoU€ going out 
^ thfefti iflands^ whicli ^tllfey ihlke tti 
move too amd fro ^ FleaiA^^ either witH 
Cacds^ov Poles. ' Perhaps there. 19* fome* 
what beyond the 'Truth in thii ' Story, 
which yet is rtJisltdd'-by trioft Awik»ri^Whfef 
xnentioA «S/. O/s^^, eventh^mbftfUo^e^h 
among the F;r^f/i. We muft, therefore, 

K 4 leave 


». t 

y «Ucfl^, #0. f ?fefc. 'ia: JtaJw Tiiifiisi- upon 

Traft • for to fuch we o\i^the.>fcu»hHa-i 
./ tiw. fli'ng^ny -Wortd^, iii diifercttt P^[ts 

JUj4 GM»e ptijfcr ^4« b?iErg!<^fe64ed b^*; 
f^^JSgL q^aie, wid^.gopd P^iTiods,. «M| 
d^pjuid twfed.Ditcfees. N^Ilat cjWJtri- 
Uit|?S mud;i: to jiie Tradei qf . tlu$ Place». » 
a navigabte Gan^ a^t from thence to (?m-; 
Wiit«<r, by: whicji it has a Commiihicajioii 
: with;.tte %, . AboU^,;s5:j(5, P-6/%11. of 
%K''?.foii^4-.hecfift-Golicge forjBMr^^fr 
J?(u^s^ en^o\yii^'k largely: Tliey bxvt 
fopep.ufp>%fv4:./^'6/fc« CJoiftciv' which is 

Jjlajfajit/Pjiccj syi^ ?;?oftfe ^00 /, prjbins 
^y a.^ 3 gE." tbc frftt^kJt>tfi«%fidiSt, Qmerfbol 
in -waip. -Jiy: pul^:^jf Or/?4«»irith* i-'rwwi 
icing's. %otheF, tookfdi>.TpvMa b v^Hftl 
J^a7a i46t,the,B4tMf-.J^WM;^,and 
hyj the Pagq^'o^.. Nmgitem it. Vft»:. conk 
hmsd ,to J^tpk ; :Xi V> It, ,is. ^ jiwrcaotBb 
^i^K) a^d r©9i^rfcab|e f<f rf^<5^Al)b«v o£ 
§.t ^^/fffy. >P j^ri^>. it. is- jn©6 lavfet&f. 
y^fim^J9 cntqtf Ruling- Mfy. nfa< tQ= |)^ 
fairjcd-i^r PieatV:i'«Sfe*Aflfffnfiabd»Kf5^ 

J t 

•I »i'... ' .' «•' -»• 4»,' 

and it was lefltVo them .fa*f 'tii«^"iy«^^^' 
Treaty in •>659, T hey'liave b^- ifi 

tib Bc«d«rt W P»V/w^, lr4 Milfe 
■5^}^*. ••" '-'■ ■' '■■ ' • ' 

• • - . # . I 

. • . • . * f 

<jr afdimtm, knJfar^Sei Town <>ii lft» ^«^^" 
Ri^«M' .Caneite iffd T^ontidrsr qf ' Pi€0^l 
f6teSiekiffg»Att6 iiijaigM Haiti tb^PkMf 
where.-'it xftow '^is^ ^fW ^fig flii^ 
dnriftg^the 3i^^''t]iet?09V»A Pfaniis I 'iM 

bidihg tir> tile -old M^^d o^^ fldaSb <s6 

Situaetibn. 'a^ isWiti^;g«(tr'HekEigQi»; fo 
w^ll contrived and'ifortifiedv 'Aat it i^'ac- 

^Knkrkndi", yet it'-w^>kk^ "by «!«» 
Fr^emb in ^»^) -16391 (md yielded td 
' ' • them 

JS^n tmsbet B«fi^bKt of the iustiant^ 

]^rl»c(ss of ^/«j and Flanders, The pB>: 
ISp^Towo ftaa^ 2 5 M^ca ;S, (rf! S/- 0«*r, 
a^.Vj'^.oi. Arras, iLoog. j&D. i6.M; 
^v 50 Dl. 23)M,» . ; .' 

,<* - • J .--••» i 

\ ...... t f . » 4 ■• «. 

J? w "^ ^^f ** ^^ ^^^ T/>wji of the Coui^ 
"^ typf th^:Name. It (unds on the fiMk 
River B/V/y^. It is a very good Placc^^ pr^4 
ty well fcrtific4r .and here are t3«ro Fairs 
: which bring it a confidcraWe Trade. Xhc 
Sahabitants are &mou8 for making of 
C3>«cfe>- Vfbith tfety fell U> Places very 
itsfDota r The jRr<w^ took i):, under tho^ 
Duke of. Or^^^; in ^'iww 1645^ iaod ^^ 
vv»i^ yicdded ta them by tbci 3 5th, Aslit^ 
of: thf> Treaty t^ihe Pyrfnees^ Jfifopnkm 
1 659* . It ha9 gix^o Titbto Jeymaligmt 
Men» who hdve. been Dufccci, Fters^aiid 
Mtetrihak^jt^ Frames and doncCth^rKingft 
^e^ Service in the W^rs«. Bithfoie ivas 
i^keR by the Allies, in v4gli^ 1710, and 
ceftored to Fw w^ by^ the Peaite oSUtnfdst 
ivaMay 1713; It lies 18 MiiwN^ W.of 
idrmsy and ijr^S, E, of.j^/m'': Long* 4 
!)• 43M. Lftt;-5oP..a.8M. • t : ; 


VI. r. ,^. Vemttt^ Lat. Fanutn San&iVrmiaHi 
^'*' "''"'• M ft im^, but ftroDgTownoh thtRher 

'■. ■ .; and 

iirtd cedfti to th A*f abfotalsely Jh' i6r59, tr 
1«isY«tft^ly a Pliee-of-gfealer^ti^ength 
tfaftn at prefent, • However, it gave the 
Ailks finie TfoUble befi)re dieybeadnc' 
Mdfters of it, in ^temier 1710^' . They 
reflored it ^ain by the fcM'e^mentipned 
l^c^ce of Utrecbt^ in 171 3. It ftan^s 26 
Miles. TiighS. of Dunkirk^ and as niany 
nigh N. <A Arras. Long. 2D. 35^ M, 

Lat. 50 D. 38 M, ^i 

• • k \ 

w . . . . - . . i 

Jire^ AriiHy Ldt. Atria^ is a very vil. 
ftroBg Town, with aigbodCgftlej on the ^""'^ 
Frontiels of Fiand^s^ wiiliin three Leagued 
oS^St^Qmer^ The River Lys rans through 
tt,^and*|lle^Malfhes that fiirrcmnd it hwk 
heeft4b$ug^t.*ttfrend6rit'almbft vmpwg^ 
wdAcA ijt has Jij^t Churches, efpecialiy 
theaiftient iCdlegiateChuPch of St. Peter\ 
taakidtir:B)fkb»in Coo&t of Menders ad^ 
ded. foixrteen. Prebendaries. The French 
mek ^k Place in 1641; after a metnDTr 
able .Siege -; bat Jt was quickly after re^ 
taken by the SfitniarJs, It wa$ again 
takeh bV-the Fr^»^ in 1676, under the 
ConuLmd of Marihal d'Htmiim. Th^ 
kept it till ^i^ 10, when it was beficgwl 
by the Duke of Marlborough^ at the famd 
TiiiKwitIrs8/;F<?iw«/.. It made ^ pretty 
long^%'obflinate Defence^ froih the 6tn 
e£Sef Umber to the;;}ttth of Niruemit^^ 

U. oi Boulogne. J-o;ig, a M, 'J^tj 
50 D. 391M. 

vm, , ^er&fufpcy^ or Xb€n>i4apei Lfit. Tertfo^^ 

the wtient Marim/ It had formerly a 
BHhop'sSee, Sufiraganjof i^/;??^^ dtw^is 
Ipoked upon as an impresiabk^Plagce : B^ 
P^us ae L^Jlaxf, .Lo^ x>{ 'Bngm^^ 

dered it Should be demoliihed : ^ that 
thfre- ai» sKnir iHrt few Iiih^b^l^jiiili^ .in^o 
ate fuj)jea tcj^^ the ;lMng of «^^ Wf« 
c»entipq lihis Pl^ce, ther^fore^ i^ar*£)C 
vrhat it.ha$ bem^ thw for what ii ^sj| 
pi^iept* It. ftaiKi^ on the R^Vior Iff^ ^ 
m^ W.p{j^rfi, and 9 S. of .iS/J qji»r. . 

r I 

J^'"' finall Town upon tlic River SqmheU^ fy$^ 
merly pr<^ty w^li jbrtiiied^. biit maigi 
, Years £incej9ighte4;«nddi/maii^ .Thf 
Prince ofCoiw g^ve the Spaniards :z. great 
Overfhrbw here ki XJ648, and afterv^ods 
took theTo^ioi, ^ickwas kfttoiSvwtf 
by^the 3 5th Article €>f • Ac PyrenaoM f cca^ 
!^y,ini659, I^fb!nkis^^MiiesN«af<ii^tff» 

a«d J 5 W. of -Dw^/- 

/,.: vt. Avefnes 

' Avefnes^ ie Cmte^^ is b|rt a finall Towrr X. 
€0 the Frontiers hi:\P4€a9^yy vciy njuch-'^'-^'^ * 
n»^ by the Wau^Si^ dt dihods ejg^t IVEJ^ ^^^' 

JJfttes is a finall X-Qwn on the iBorgcrs xi. 
:r2 almofl S^ of ;C^4n^. ^ 

' ij 

Femes i$ aUo; a fiimll Town, /JVEks xn. 
^iQfBftbwKy ^ S» of ^rif, a?^,ao N. ^^'^• 
W; of -^A5. i^ckher of ' thde- five laft- 
menckmed rlaces is novir'of aay Stiengdi. 

- '^Tjiete «te ioMeo^cr/maHTowijs^ j4«»» 

J^Iirs^^JDire 6t\Dfieffy ic^. ^irt they a(fe 
«^' in^tohiideiratile to^ fn&it ^ Pkce in this 

if ihe- Seat* of War ihou^d * eter corae 
amqn§(l them. We would Dot, however^ 
&ut;et»-t!iat/not £ir from St.. Paul is the 
ViUag^ of Jlgincwrt^ famoos Icr the Vic-^ 
toty. obtainqd near it over ihc'Frencb^ i^ 
' i4i5> Vfiiw^ V> King of JSi^^i. ; 

^ * • 

7 \- r w 

. w » * 


That' this , Page -may not remain v^- 
caiit, we cannot do^eKer than infett ip;}t a 
fhort Dcfcription of Calais ^ tho'-iioC^r^- 
pejrly- in the L(m Countries^ but i|i that 
^ ' Part bf the Govefhment df Pm^iie All'd 
the Bouionmisy or 'P^^'i" Reccnqms.'] This 
Town, which dandle within a f^ery few 

• it Js the ufoal Pott into France, at the DiJP- 

tarice of only 2 1 Mfle§: ' It-belonged to^hie 
[Englijh a 10 Years, till it ^^ taken ^fr^ 
' tfieni in i 558-by'tw Dtike ofGmJey under 

King Henr^ II otFrancfy ^lid a Ifele bdbre 
'- the Death of Qaeeri Mkry of Englandy to 
'which it is thought to ha vi" contributed. 
: ]\nfehliife€effic^n'WasmAae oPKKy'Que^ 
^ Elizabeth to Kin^i??;?/;' IV; in 1 59^. The 
f new Wall itnd Citadel, built about i oeYears 
' fin9e, anci encloling the old Wall, tare tic- 
'Counted ftrong. The Port and' Mole ^c 
'iefteemed,4>bth fortheirMighitude" Strength 
, andReautyi But here l6 potDepth of Waticr 

for Ships of large Burthen.' rovi Nieulety 
'above half a Mile from the Town on the 
, Lan(i Side, is alfo ^roif^. Calais ftands 7 

Miles W. from GravelineSy and as much Jn. 
"W. from -^r^r^j. Long, i D, 53 M. Lit. 

-50 P- 57 M. 



»J I 



!-*'» A *■' 


' . 





. "5 

Course of the RHINE. 

\ ' 

r J I 




r #' I 

Z>efcriftim ^ she. Jiivfr RawJs w 

HE i?:i&;w, llj^)^;i, Xat !2c&f ^i?i, Sonicc. 

tas its Sources in the ^ps^ in 

Amount Adula^ or 5/. Got bar J y, in 

the Country, of the. Gn^ QxRbatia^ two 

or tl^ee licfigues fbcm the Head of the 

^ JZiiwif. It fprings jGrom two Foontiins, 

^ the one called by the Germans f^ordfr 

] jkiyny or [Farther Hhiney anrf the otllfer 

^BfnJfr Riyn, or the Hither Rbine^Vf^^ 

• join both tcDgethcr. The Frincb ^(Hn- 

144 ^ ; 1h THEAfREy^' - ' 

Ijaife diem hy..tiij^ Najbes of Baui,^ 
BaSy or Upper and Lower Rhine. 
Cdnrfif. This River bcgf¥ t? ^ navigable hear 
Cbuf^ or fi(?/r<f, tne Capital of the Grifons; 
MiA Q»fering Into ihe great I#k^ oi^C^a-^ 

Towns, and -6^// From thence it nins 
into jlfatidj itiA liicrea^ng by the Influr 
of many great Rivers, ft V^raters the Pala- 
tihtt«)f .Sc W^ ft ^rftifioK^^^ks 
and Ele<florates of Mayence^ or Mentz-, 
TreveSy or iriieXS ^ /laod Cologne j or C!f»-' 
/f«: Then the ISncceflion of Cleves and 

vides into two l^ranches : Whereof the 
one, called the" Fabaly or WaaT^lms 
through NimegueHy Tidy and Bommely 
i»kd^€fitik)g Willl^tke'a^^i; lo^V\|0;^t!?3kne. 
The other Bran^tad^ its Courfe towards 
the JJ^orthj^almoft^ far ^^^^pjPf^^h'SJ^ 

' it fepkrates into t Wl^^rtsS -M^i^SK^^'^e 
fifhy calka f^t r^/,'/|^aflkh ;^ %0^y 
"Zytpheny AnA ^^mer^\'im dlfehirees 
itfejf "irito .the -^^^^^ 

' Arttiy ^\t\i fihcethe ^^r^t^ h^fqr^ti- 

tV Sedj,^ is called 

'':hy:' Vtrirht and.Zi>//fW'' ^ 
(.th^rci)dng nowpniy-a fmall'^^re^ 
': Way, v^hich dividing at TkreMy ^Part of 


the PRESENT. WAR. 145 

,^t -runs Northv^ard iijto the Amftel^ .jwd 
the remaining Rivulet lofes itfelf in the 
' JS^uids beyond Ley deity where was tJic an- 
txeat McfitJi) but to Cullemburg^ Wyck^ 
an4 Neifiporty and finally difciuirges ii^i 
into the Merwe^ and from tlionce into the 

)cean*, ^ . ^ .. 

^, ^y^his RIvoTj. famed by the Gr^'t'y^ and^'i^o^y- 
*i^///zWriters,,. IS without doubt the-great- 
\ eft in Europe^ hex!t to the Lidnube. j and 
noted foi: the excellent Wine^ which 
grows on its Banks, called RhcniJh'Winc. 
. .The Etymology of its Name is varioufly 
difcourfed of by Authors : Some deriving 
it from the German Word Keyn^ vvhich 
lignifies flowing hiths;rward ; ^f Rein^ 
which fignifies. Clearnefs and Purity^ bc- 
caufe it was formerly made a Teft of con- 
jugal Chaftity: For, as Hoffman reLues, 
the antient Inhabitants about the Rhtnty 
did ufe to try the Legitimacy of Children, 
by throwing them into it^ reckoning fuch 
as funk to be B.:ftards, but thofe who 
fwam, were looked upon as lawfully be- 
got. Hence Ciaudian^ 


Et quos NafcenteS;expIorat gurgite Rhenus. 

It was alfo called Aurifer by fpme, be- 

caufe of the Gold foUnd mixed with its 


* • L The 



^6 ^e rS EAT RE of 

The Rbine was the antient Boundaiy 
betwixt France^ or Gauly and Germany. 
Conftantine the Great began a Bridge over 
this River at Cologne^, to ftrike Teiror Jnta 
the Franks. Cbarlemaigne built a won- 
derful one of Wood over it at Mentz of 
five hundred Paces long^^- which was burnt 
by a cafual Fire aboirt a Year befi>re his 
Death. The Frenchy f« a Century paff, 
have been labouring to extend their Mo- 
narchy to this antient Limits and have 
Jlbmetimes even gone beyond it, to the 
great Jealoufy of their Neighbours. By 
the Conqueft of Alface they are Matters 
of the weftcm Shore of this River for 
above a hundred Miles^, and have at Ibme-^ 
times, by the Succefs of thck Arms, been 
able to command almoft the uchole Courfe 
of it down to Holland. 

In the Defcription we defign to make 
of the Cmrfe of the Rhine, we (hall con- 
fine ourfelves to that Part of it only which 
is moft remarkable both in tiie Treaties of 
Peace, and in the prefent and fermer Wars 
between the Houie of Auflria and France : 
That is^ fi*om its Entrance into Jilfatia^ 
at Bajil^ down to the Fort &chehk in the 
liW) Countries ; which comprehends fiis 
difierent Territories. 

" i 


/if PRESENT WAR 147 

2. The Palatinate of> tt v ;i 
the R&ine, I ^"^'^^^S' 

3. The Eledorate of; Mentz^ or Maymce^ 
. MentZj ^ Archbi/hopriclc 

4. The Eloflorate of > Treves^ or Triers^ 
Treves > Archbifhoprick. 

5. The Eledocate of iCohgne^ or Ceukn^ 
Cologne^ S Archbiflioprkk. 

6. The SaccdSion of? Cleves. 
Ckves and JuUers^ > JuUers. 

Cy* Alsatia, 

THIS Province, which the French^oMnds; 
QsXXAlfaee^ and the Germans Elf alt z^ 
has the Rhine on the Eafl ; the Palatinate 
on the North; X^rr/z/« on the Weft ; and 
SuntgaWj or the County of Ferrete, with 
fbme Part of Franche Comte and Swifzer^ 
land^ on the South. This is taking it in 
the narrowefl: Limits : For in the full and 
antient Extent, including all its Depen^ 
dendes, it took in not only the ^unt^ 
:gmjo on this Side the Rbinij but the Brif^ 
gaU) and Ortmnp on the other. 

Its Extent South and North is about E«cnt. 
a hunted Miles, including the Sutitg;aw -, 

L 2 and 

148 Tbi THEATRE of 

and Eaft and Weft, including the BrtJ^ 
gaw and Ortnaw above-mentioned, about 

It is reputed to have been the Seat of 
the antient Tr/^^rri&/, or Tri If ocesy who re- 
tained their Name till the Time of Cbar^ 
lemaigne. The Romans were Mafters of 
it near five hundred Years : Then it was 
under the Kings of France till Otbo I. 
By Otbo II. it was eredted into a Land- 
graviate, and the Houfe of Aujlria «i- 
joyed it till the Ufurpations of theFr^ri&, 
in the late Wars, made it a Wildernefs by 
their unheard-of Devaftations. Afterwards 
it was foldtOjL^w/jXIV, oi France^ (who 
had before conquered the greateft Part of 
it) with the Suntgaw and Brifac^ by Fer^ 
dinand'CharleSy Archduke of Infpruck^ in 
1648, for the Sum of three Millions of 
French Livres : And fo the Emperor was 
forced to refign it to the French Crown, 
by the Treaty of Munjier in the fame 
Year ; the Spanijh . King refigning his 
Right alfo by the Treaty of the Pyrenees, 

in 1659. 
Quality. rpj^jg .^ ^^ ^f ^^ ^^ watered Parts of 

all Germany, and the moft fertile in Wines, 
Corn, Fruits, Paftures. Its Mountains 
have feveral Silver, Brafs, and Lead-Mines. 
Yet it was ill peopled in the laft Century, 

- . be- 

■v. ■> .. 

the P:RE SENT WAR. 149 

i^caufe a Frontier, and the Seat of War. 
We niay look upon it to be now pretty 
.well recovered, after having been near an 
hundred Years in the Hands of the French^ 
%vithout changing M after* It is in many 
Places over-grown with Wood, and has 
abundance of Iron- Works, which bring 
Money into the Country. The Woods, 
being upon the Bank of the Rhine ^ help 
to fecure the Country againft the Rapi- 
dity of that River. 

This Province has 46 walled Towns, p'i»> 
50 Caftles, and a great Number of Vil-yjjj^ 
lages. It is divided into five Pkrts^ Upr 
per and Lower Alfatia^ the Suntgaw^ 
BriJgaWy and Ortnaw : Of which theie 
-three, Suntgaw^ Upper Mfatia^ and Lower 
Alfatia^ are on the left Side of the Rhine ^ 
and Brifgaw and OrtnaWy as before ob- 
ferved, on the right. 

A L s A T I A with its Dependencies y as di^ 
vided into five Farts. « 

I . Lower Alfatia^ (^^Jf^ Alface) be- 
bctwen the Fqlatinatey the Rhine y Up^ 
per Alfatiay and Lorrainy contains 

L3 Straf- 

i50 theTHE^rREof 

Bifli. Capital/ 


Oher Rubeim^ 


Hoks/lein, County, 
Phaljbourg, in Lorraine^ j 

3. Upper j^fatla, (Haute Alface) be- 
tween the Suntgaiv^ the Rhiney Lori-ain^, 
and Lower ^^atia, contains 

Colmar, Capital, -> 

Enfficim, | 

Kvfccb, I 

Munjier in Crsgorienthal, >To the French. 

Marbach-, 'I 


J^eio BrijijCy 

■,. The 

/^^ PRESENT WAR. /iji 


3. The Suntgaw^ or SuntgoWy LaU 
Suntgovia^ has Uf>per Alfatia on the 
Nordi ; the ]Rbine on the Eaft ; the Bi- 
ihoprick of BaJU on the South; and 
Franche Comti on the Weft. The prin- 
cipal Places in it are, 

Ferrete^ County, Cap. 

Jltkirk, / 

Betfort, ^TothePr^«^*. 

HunningefL y 

Mdba^en^iotmtvXy Imp. 

4. The Brifgaw^ or Brifgow, LaL 
Brifgoviay or Brifgoiay lies between the 
Rhine on the Weft, and the Black Poreji 
on the Eaft. The principal Towns in it are, 

Brifac, 7xo the Qaecn 

Fribourg, Cap. ^ of Hungary. 

Newburg^ -> 

5. The Ortnaw, or Ortrum, Lot. Ortna- 
via, lies betwcn the RMne on the Weftj 
Brtfgaw on the South ; the Dutchy of 
Wirtmburg on the Eaft j and the Pala^ 
tinate on the North. The moft fcmark.- 
able Places are, 

L4 Ofem-^ 

. \ 

J52 rfje i'HEATRE of 

Ofcmhurgy Cap, Imper. 
Gcngenhachy Imper. 
Badcn^ Marq. 
• Fort Kiel. 
Durlacbj Marq. 
Pfortzheim^ to Baden. 

Remarkable To'wns of Lower Alsatia.' 

I. CTR ASBOURG, or Strajburg, Laf. 
Sirasburg.kJ jjrgentoratum^ ox Argentina^ or Tr/V 
bocorumy ^ndTribocum^ and by feme Mo- 
derns Slrajlurgur/?y is the Capital City of 
yllfatiay and one of the faireft oi Germany. 
It is a Bifhop's See, under the Archbifliop 
of MentZy and was for many Ages a Free 
and Imperial City, or Republick in itfclf. 
It is feiited in tlie midft of a great Plain, 
A ii[on the River ///, where it receives 
tlie Breiifchcy about a Mile*from the Rhine y 
over which it has a Timber Bridge of great 
J-yCngth, Tl}is is a Place of very great 
5?treng;dTi nnd We;ilth, and fo anticnt, that 
it is truditionallv faid to have been built 
jI.M. ig^^5. The Arfenal and Town- 
Houlcweil dcferve theVieyv of Strangers, 
^ and the Cathedral, dedicated to the Blcffcd 
i-y^gi% their Admiration, not only for the 
Ma;^nihcence and Vafthefs of the Strufture, 



/i&^ PRESENT war: 155 

9nd its Gates of Brafs, but more particu- 
larly for its Steeple, which is pyramidical, 
and lies all open and pervious to the Light, 
being the moft efteemed for its Work- 
manfliip of any Steeple in Chriftendom, 
It is 574 Feet high, and has 700 Steps, 
But that which is moft of all admired is 
the Clock -Work, which, befides the 
Hours of the Day, reprefcnts the Mo- 
tions of the Planets. The Hours are 
crowed by a Cock, and afterwards ftruck 
upon a Bell by an Angel. But a ftill 
t)efcription of this Piece of Mechanifm 
would carry us beyond our ufual Limits. 
In the Year 1440, or thereabouts, the 
Art of Printing was firft invented by one 
^ohn Gutienburg^ z Citizen of Strajburg^ 
who removed about the fame Time to 
Mentz^ '' and there nioftly ufed and im- 
proved this noble Art : So that a mighty 
Conteft has been managed between Har-^ 
kniy Strajburg^ and Mentz^ which of 
them fhould have the ' Honour of this 
Invention. In 1529, this City embraced 
the Proteftant Religion, and the Year fol- 
lowing entered into a League with the Re- 
formed Cantons for her Defence. Since 
that Time its .Government was Republi- 
can, till September^ 1681, when the 
French King, having before poffefled him- 
felf of all Alfatia^ fuddenly furprized this 


rbe THEATRE of 

unportant Place in a Ti0»e of Peace, when 
nobody fufpeded it ; Which may be afcrib'd 
to the Pride and Sufpicion of the Citizens, 
and theirgreatLrOve of Liboty^thcyrefiifing 
a Garrifon the. Emperor offered them for 
their Security. The old Fortifications of 
,this Town vfere.but a.douWe Wall, acnla 
Faujje^braye ; fo tha^ it was not c^pabl? of 
making a long Refiitanipo ^ But the French 
have fortified it very flrongly* There is 
SL Citadel buUt on di^ Side that, goes to thq 
BMnei and towards the Bridge ^ there is a 
Horn-Work, thstf runs a, great W^y, There 
aro alfo two fmall Forts at the.t;wopri|ic|r 
pal Gates, .which lead towards Jlfatia ; 
fo that, in .cafe of a Revolt, they c^n cut 
o£r all Conmiunicatipn with the Coqntry^. 
There ar^ alfo Forts in fome Iflands of 
the 'Rhine ^ and forae Redoubte. \xi ihort, 
all round this Place .there are fome of the 
greatefl and fincft Fortifications in JE«r^. 
£iut it has been juftly obferved> that the^ 
^Fortifications are the only Improvements 
to be met with at Strajburg^ fince it fell 
into the Hands of the French : For the 
^Trade of the Inhabitants, which was .bo- 
fore great and flouri(hing, is fallen to de^ 
cay with its Liberties. Here are to be 
feen a great Number of Houfes, exclufivc 
of the publick Buildings, that are fi.t for 
Palaces of Princes, There is an Univerfity, 



fpunded by the Senate in 1538, on which 
,the Emperor Ferduiand H. conferred toa- 
ny great Privileges. The Fremb are ftill 
faid to tolerate here ^ Proteftant Reli- 
gion^ as. tb^ agreed by their Capitulations^ 
tbp* the Ch<irchf^ are r^ftppRd to th^ Paa- 
piils, who haye again their Bifbop. axid 
Canons. The Womer) of Straftmrg are 
qoted for the B^uty of their Perfons, and 
the Fajitafticalpefe of t^pir Drc&, iSfertf^. 
^i^r^. ftands ^^ Miles: N. of Bafily 140 W. 
dSAufhurgy 6i^ S.W. of ffei^ei^ergy 100 
&• E. oi Luxemburg^ and 70 E. oi Nancy. 
Jyoi^. 7 D* 50 M; La*. 48 D* 35 M, 

Schekftady or Scblefiady fituated on the ^^• 
River J//, was formedy free and imperial, ^ ^ ^^"^^ 
apd of the GovernmeiKt of i£^itfif/'ai^ } bit 
now belongs to tbe.C?own of Franc^^ be-*. 
ing cfeded to it by the Peace oiWtJipbalia, 
Its Fortifications Were dcfftoiiflie^ in 1 673 , 
but new-built in 1675 ; fo that it is now a 
Race of confiderable Strength. Itftands. 
in a fine fertile Country, which makes 
the Inhabitants grow rich by Commerce, 
for which they have great Convenicncies 
by the River HI It ftands 13 Miles al- 
moft N. of Colmar^ and 2 1 S. of Strafe 
burg. J-rong. 7 P. 38 M. Lat. 48 E). 
j8M^ • ' 

156 the7HEArRE(f 

III. Weiffemburgy or Cron Weijfemburg^ (to 
^^^" diftinguifh it from tVeiJfemburg in Bava- 
^' ria) is fituate upon the- River hauter^ in 
the Territory of IVafgow^ towards the Bor- 
ders of the Palatinate of the Rhine. Da-- 
gcberty YJsngoi France^ built here a cele- 
brated Monaftery in 623, which in 1496 
was changed into a College. By the Peace 
of Munjier this Place was granted to 
France. In 1673 itfufFered much by the 
GtrmanSy but it was afterwards rebuilt. 
In 1704 the Confederates took it^ and 
laifea Lines about it, which the French 
retook and demolifhed in 1705. The 
Englijh and Hanoverians advanced to the 
Lines between Lauterbtirg and this Place at 
the End of the laft Campaign, 1743. It 
Hands 24 Miles N. of Strajburgy 20 W. of 
Fhilipjhugy and 9 S. W. of Landau^ 

IV. Landau^ Lat. Landavia^ is fituate upon 
''''"^** the River ^eichy in the Confines of the 
Palatinate^ and Territory of ^^<?u*. It 
was formerly an Imperial City, made (o 
by the Emperor Maximilian in 1 5 1 1 . It 
was yielded to France by the Peace 'of 
Munjier. Lewis XIV. much augmented 
the Fortifications in 1 680, and the follow- 
ing Years. The Frf;;^^ having plundered 
moft Towns of the Palatinate^ and a 
great Part of Suabia^ in 1688, laid the 


the PRESENT WAR. 157 

Booty up here, where all was burnt by ant 

accidental Fire, in May 1689. This Place 

fulFered three Sieges in the Beginning of 

the prefent Century, in all which it Was 

taken 5 firft, by the King of the Romans^ 

December 20, 1702 ; fecondly, by Mar- 

fhal ^allardy November 1 9, 1 703 ; and, 

laftly, by the Duke of Marlborough^ No^ 

member c, 1 704, after the glorious Vidlo- 

ry at Blenheim. Marfhal Villars took it 

again July 10, 171 3, and it remained to 

the French by the Peace of Rajiadtj which 

followed the next Year. It ftands 15 

Miles W. of Pbilipfiurg, 8 S. of Neu/iat, 

and 1 6 S. W. of Spire. Long. 8 D. 50 M. 

Lat 49 D. 8 M. 

Moljheim is a little Town on the River V- 
Brenche, 8 MUes W. oiStraJburg 5 and the^^^>^"*- 
Refidence of the Prebendaries oi Strajburg. 
The Fortifications are inconfiderable, as 
are alfo thofe of Dachtein, Mutzigy Ro^ 
Jheimy Berfchy Obernayy all within four or 
five Miles of this Place, and of one an- 

Saverney Zaberny or Zabumy Lat. 7*^- VI 
berna Alfatiay is feated at the Foot of the ^«*""^- 
. f^tfag*f Mountains,near theFrontiers of Lcr- 
raine^ upon the River Lory in the Road 
that goes to 5/r/7^i^r^, It is the ufiml Refi- 

158 neTHEytritE of 

dtnct of the Bifhop of Strajburg^ who is 
Lord of it. Near this Place Anthony 
Duke of Lorraine defeated the Lutherans, 
^ ^5^5- ^^ ftands 16 Miles N. W. of 
Stri^urgy and ^^^^ of ZiveyAruci, Buf- 
wetter and Phaljburg are both within five 
Miles of this Town, one to the N. E. and 
the other to the N. W. 

VII. Haguenau^ Lat. Hagenoay is featcd on 
Hasuenau.^Yi^ River Afdf^r, above two Leagues W. 

from the Rhine, and the n<iw To^n of 
Fort Louisy and near four N. from Straf- 
burg. It yiras an Imperial City, and the 
Chief of the Lower Alface, before it fell 
to the French, The Emperor, Frederick 
Barbarojfa^ firft walled it about in 1 1 64, 
and built a Palace therein. Being feated 
in a iandy unfinitfiil Soil, the old Land- 
graves of jilface chiefly jeforted thither 
for the Conveniency of Hunting. Thfe 
Prefcdnre of Haguenau was ceded to the 
French by the Treaty of Wejiphalia, and 
the Place Was afteI^va^ds united to the 
Crown. Prince Montecuculi raiied the Si^ 
of it in 1675, and the Fortifications were 
demolifhed the lame Year. In 1702, the 
AUfes poffefled it. The French got it iln 
1703, and in 1704 drew Lines by it, 
which the Prince di Baden forced in 1705, 
and took the Town. In 1706 the French 




I < 

fitf PRESENT WAR. ,59 

took it agun, and haVe kept it ever Gactl 
Long. 7 D. 50 M» Lat. 48 D. 49 M. 

F(?r/ Xrm/X commonly called Fort Lwis viii. 
eftbe Rbin, is a very conliderableF<Mtifi-^«^^i«««>* 
cation. It takes its Name from Lewis 
XIV, King of France^ who caufcd it to 
be ercfted in 1688. It is very ftrong, and 
iituated in a finall Ifland of the Rhine, 
24 Miles below Strajburg^ and 36 above 
Pbilipjburgy aknoft between B^^ and 
Haguenau. The Works on the Side of 
the Marquiiate of Baden, and the Bridge 
over that Branch of the Rhine y were de- 
molifhed by the Treaty of Ryjwick in 1 697. 
The Fortifications of this Place are admir- 
ed for their Beauty : Some of them are on 
the main Land ofjilface. There is a larger 
Ifland in the Middle of the River, between 
the Town and die Marquiiate. Long. 7 
D. 59 M. Lat. 48 D. 50 M. 

Phaljburgy a City of Lorretne, Wirfi ix. 
the Tide of a Principality, now include ^*«^»^^* 
ed within the Limits oiJUface. It Hands 
near the Mount de Vauge, and the &iv^^ 
Zinzel, at the chief Opening between 
jilfatia and Lorraine, rhaljmrg has a 
Caftle, with round Towers. Lc*oisXlV, 
caufed this Place to be fortified in 1680, 
«n accotUit of due Importance of its Siti^ 


,i6o the THE AT RE of 

.•atldpj at only five Miles. Diftante from 
Saverne. . The Princes Palatines of Fei^ 
dentz fold Pbaljburg. to the Duke oiLor^ 
rathe; who ceded it afterwards toFranccy 
•(vith all its Rights^ It ftands about 2$ 
Miles N. W* of Strajburg, 22 S. W. of 
HaguenaUi and 45 nigh E. oi Nancy. Long, 
7 D. 33 M. Lat. 48 Dj 47 M. 

The other Places of Lower Alface^ fuch 

zsSeltZy Ober Ruheim^ Lauterburg^ &c. are 

not of any great Confideratioh, tho* fome 

of them have old Fortifications, that are 

.now little defenfible. 

Remarkable Towns of Upper Alsatia. 


I. /^OL MA Rj Lat. Colmaria^ and Column 
C9lmar. Kj baria^ . or, according to others. Argent 
tuariay is. an Imperial Town under the 
French^ and the Capital of Upper Alface^ 
upon the River ///. The Duke oiWeymar^ 
affifted by the Troops of France^ made 
himfclf Maftcr of this Town in 163^: But 
this Duke dying, Colmar was yielded to 
the King of France by the Negociations 
of the Marfhal of Guebriant^ and con- 
firmed unto him by the 47th Article of 
the Treaty of Wcftphalia^ where it is 
named amongft the Imperial Towns of 



\Alface. Yet afterwards, during the Wars 
of 1674, it was demoliih^d and abandon*- 
ed. It ftands 10 Miles W. oiBrifac^ 28 
N. of Bq^ly and 33 aimoft S. of Straf- 

Efifijheim is a fmall Town, near the H- 
River i//, once imperial, but now fubjed ^'/A^. 
to the French y 10 Miles S. of Colmar, and 
6 N. of Mulbaufen. 

Ruffacby Rufecby Lat. 'Ruhedcum^ is a fmall in. 
Town upon the River Roltback^ which ^*/"'^^^- 
falls into the i7/, in the Territory ofMun- 
dahy once an Imperial and Free Cit)^, but 
taken by the Marfhal of Tiirenne in 1675, 
after a great Defeat of the Imperialifts. It 
is one 6i the anticnteft Towns in Alfatiay 
and was for the Fertility of its Soil, for 
five hundred Years, the Seat 6i fomc of 
the Roman Nobility. It ftands 6 Miles S. 
of Colmary and 5 N, W. of Enjijheim. 

Ne^ ErtfdCy a fmall City, but a very iv. 
fbong Fortrefs of Upper Alfacey fituated ^'^^^^ ^'''' 
about two Miles from xht Rhine y over- •^'^* 
againft Old Brifac. Lewis XIV caufed it 
to be built and fortified after the Peace 
of Ryfibicky in 1697, by the famcms Mar- 
fhal cie Vaiiban. The Fort of Mortiery be- 
lohgiflg to Old BrifaCy and upon the Left- 

M hand 

^62 ^^ THEATRE of ' 

hand Bank, of the Rbine^ was prefervedl 
to France. New Brifac is a regular Odoi- 
gon, of great Beauty. From this Placs 
Old. Brifac was taken, in 1703, under the 
Duke of Burgundy. It is dijftant from 
Scbleflat 1 5 Miles near S. and from Hun-- 
ningen abqut 2<r N.. Long. 7 D. 42 M. 
Lat. 48 D^ 5 M. 

Munjiery Murbacb^ Keiferjj>er^:,i<xi.^t 
fmall Towns of little Moment, and there- 
fore barely mention'd. 

RemariaSIe Towns in the Sv^tqavt^ 

Finite /r^^^-ET£, Lat. Ferreta, which the 
^'^'*'' i Germans call Pfrty ftaads 22 Miles 

W, oiBafiU and 25 S, of Mulbaufen^ 
the Title of a County. It was reiign'd to 
the French by the Pacifications of l^in^ 
Jier^ and the Pyrenees. 

H. Hunningen was only a Village, about a 
Humwgen ^ jjg fc^low %y5/, fituatcd upon the Rbine: 
But the Fn^/?il& have now rendcr'd it very 
remarkable for the ftrong Fort they have 
erefted there, and which at the firft gave 
no little U n '.^i age and Jealoufy to the 
Swifs. This Fort is a regular Pentagon^ 
with Lodgings for 3 or 4000 Mens good 



/i&^ PRESENT WAR. 163 

Ratnparts, a large Ditch, Horn-works, 
Half-mootis, and other Out-works. Here 
is alfo a Bridge over the Rkine^ lodged 
partly on an Ifland, which is fortified with 
an Horn-work; fo that it. is now one of 
the jftrongeft Places in Europe^ being feat- 
ed in a great Plain, and. commanded by 
no rifing Ground; 12 Miles S. of Neu^ 
burg^ and as much S. E. of Mulhaufen. 
Long, 7 D. 36 M, Lat. 47 D. 47 M. 


Mulhauferiy on the River i7/, was once l^^- 
an Imperial and Free City, but in 1515 ^^''r^^' 
leagued with the SwiJ}^ and united to 
Suntgow. It ftands 13 Miles N. W. of 
Bafil^' and 16 S. of Colmar. It heretofore 
belonged to Alfatia : But nominal Diftinc- 
tions are now little worth, to this or any 
othG" of the pflce free Cities of Germany ^ 
fince they have fallen into the Hands of the 

Betforty or Beforty a ftrong Town of 
this Diftridt, ftands at the Foot of the ^'''>'- 
Mont de Fauge, which feparates Alfatia 
from Lorrainey and the Suntgcw frorri 
Francbe Comtek It is divided into the old 
and new Towns, and has a good Caftle 
upon an Eminence. This Place is well 
fortified. It had once Counts of its own, 
and after that belonged to the Houfe of 

M. 2 Au- 

164. 5^^ 1' HE AT RE of 

Aufiria. It was^ceded to France in . 1 648,- 
by the Pe^ce of Munjier j and being again 
loft, was retaken by the French in Febru^ 
ry, 1654. After that Time Lewis XIV 
added to it a great many Works. Bef^ 
fort is 27 Miles W. oiBaJil, and 22 S. W. 
of New Brifac. Long. 7 D. 3 M. Lat. 
47 D. 44 M. 


V. jiltkirky a ftnalt Town* on the River 

Mkirk. jii^ fometimes called the Capital of the 
Suntgow. It became fubjeft fCo the French 
with the reft of this Country^ and has re- 
mained to them ever fincc. It ftands 13 
MUes almoft N. W. of Bajil,, and 7 S; of 

Remarkable Towns in Br is caw. 

I. nRISACy Lat. Brifacunty or Brifacus 
Brifac. JJ j^onSy ftands on a rifing Ground, on 
the Right-hand Bank of the Rhine yVr\i\d[i 
has there a fine Stone Bridge. This Place 
is efteemed one of the ftrongeft Fortreffes 
of Europe, whether its Situation be con- 
fidered, or what Art has contibuted to 
render it regular : So that fome Authors 
call at the Citadel of Alfatia. Gujiavus^ 
Home, a Swede, made an Attempt on 
this City in 1633, after his great Advan- 

/i5^ PRESENT WAR. ;i65 

tagcs over the Imperialifts : But the Duke 
ofFeriahrok^ his Meafures, and threw 
Succours into the Place. The Duke of 
JVeymar being iick at Newenburg^ near 
Brifac^ in 1639^ the Marquifs of Gue^ 
briant poilefied himfelf of this and the 
other Places, which were left to the 
French King by a Treaty the Year follow- 
jng ; and whicn were yielded by the 47th 
Article of the Peace oiWeJlpbalia^ in 1 648, 
and confirmed again by the 60th Ar- 
ticle of the Pyrenaan Treaty. Brtfac 
gave, its Name to the BriJgaWy and 
has been in former Times its Capital^ 
.but fince, Friburg has carried it The Brif- 
gaw belonged formerly to the Duke& of 
Leningen ; and afterwards to the Earls of 
Furjiemburg. Hugh, or Hegon, fold it, 
in 1367, to the Dukes of Aujiridy to • 
whom the Emperor, Lewis of Bavaria^ 
had already mortgaged Brtfac about the 
Year 1326. Since that Time the Couni- 
try oi Brifgaw has always belonged to the 
Houfe qA Auftria^ till the French made, 
themfelves Mafters of the moft Part, and 
particularly of the City of Brtfac^ as 
above-mention*d, and kept Pofleffion 6i 
it till the Peace oiRyfwick in 1697, when 
it was furrendercd to the Emperor, all but 
the Fort Mortier^ on the French Side, 
which Lewis XIV referv*d. New Brifac^ 

M 3 al- 

i66 neT'NEjrRB of 

already mentioned, was built upon th^ 
Reilcration of the old, which the French 
furprized again in 1703, and held it till 
the Peace ot Baden in 171 4, when it wa$ 
rcfurrendered, and has ever fince rcmain- 
^*d to the late Emperor and the Queen of 
JJungary. Bnfac, tho' a notable Fortifica- 
tion, is but a mifcrable Town. It ftands 
26 Miles N. of Baji/, and 30 S. of StraJ- 
burg. Long. 7 D. 48 M. Lat. 48 D. 4 M. 

II. Friburg^ Freiburg^ Lat.Frihurgtmy is 

hilurg. jjQ^ ^g Capital City of the Brifgaw, 

feated upop the litdfe River of Treifamy at 
the End of a fertile Plain, and upon a fif- 
ing Ground where the black' Mountain be- 
gins, j/llhrt VI. Duke of Aufiridy found- 
ed in it a Univerfity, and a Sovereign 
Chamber ; the Jiirifdiftipn of which 
reached once a great Way, but now not 
above four Miles. The Swedes took it 
three Tiiiies in. 1632, 1634, and 1638. 
This Town is renowned for its Riches, 
and other Advantages, and for a famous 
Uattlc that the Puke of Enguien^ after- 
wards Lewis Prince of CG7ide\ Won there 
in 1644, iti which General Merci was 
Killed. Marjfllal Cfequi took it in* 1677, 
for Leivis XiV, after a Siege of feven or 
pight Day?.. The French kept it till the 

^eace of Ry/i::::^^, when it was reftored 

' " ■ to 

/i&^PRESENT WAU. 167 

to the "Emperor Le<^old^ Marlhal FUlars 
took it again at the End of the laft War, 
in the Year 171 3, when a Campaign was 
made by the Emperor and the Empire, 
without the Englijb or Dutch. But the 
next Year it was furrendered to Charles 
VI, by the Treaty oiRaJiadt^ or Baden-, 
to .whom, and his Daughter, it has ever 
fince belonged. It is a large and well peo- 
pled City, regularly fortified, with feveral 
Churches and Religious Houfes in it. To 
the Eaft of the Town, a Row of Works 1 

arc continued up a fteep Hill, which con- 
tribute much to the Strength of the Place. 
This is alfo the Refidence of the Chapter 
of B^/, from which Place it ftands 26 
Miles almoft N. and i o Miles E. of Bri^ 
fac. Long. 8 D. 5 M. Lat. 47 D. 58 M. 

Newenbutg is a decaying Place, on the nx. 
Rinue^ 14 Miles S. of BrifaCj and 13 N. N€weft^ 
of J8^/; once Imperial, but now fubjedl ^^^^' 
to the Houfe oiAi^ria. 

Remarkable Places in the Ortnaw. 

OFFEMBURG, Lat. Offemburgum, i 
is an Imperial Free City in Suabia, ^I^'^^i 
and the Capital of OrtnaWy fjatcd upon 
tlic River Kintzig^ about 5 Miles from 

M 4 the 

i68 the rUEArRE of 

\ht Rhine y and lo S, £• o{Strafiurg. It 
is under the ProtedUou of the Houfe of 


^^' Gengenbacb is a little Imperial Free 
Wa City on the River Kintzig^ 14 Miles S. E. 
of Strajburgy and 4 of Offembwg. It is 
alfo protedled by the Houfe oiJiujiria. 

^^^- Baden J or Bade^ Lat. Bada.y andTJ^r- 
^'"'^'"^ m^ Inferior es, with the Title of Marquis 
fate, is a fmall> neat City, famous lor its 
Baths. This Marquifate extends along 
the Rhine y between the Brifgaw and the 
Dutchy of Wirtemburg. Its Marquiiles 
are Princes of the Empire, and are of a 
very noble and antient Family ; of which 
there are two Branches : The one is B^iden 
Ilocberg^ more frequently called Baden^ 
Baden ; and the other Baden-Durlacb : 
The firft is Roman Catholick, and the io» 
cond Lutheran. Thefe two Branches .ad 
by Turns in the D.yet of the Empire^ and 
in the Circle of Siiabia : But the Badefh* 
Durlach Branch has two Voices, one for 
'Purlack^ and the other for jy^c^^^. The 
late Prince Le^is of BadenSaden^ who 
had been General for the Emperor in Hun^ 
gar)\ and rendered his Name immortal by 
the great Viftories he obtained againft th^ 
Turt^f came over into England to vifit 


the PRESENT WAR. t^ 

their Majefties^ King William and (^leeQ 
Mary\ in 1 694. He commanded the Im-^ 
perial Araiy at the Beginning of the laft 
War, and came up at the End of the Bat- 
tle of ScheUemhurg : But was detached^ 
with 10,000 Men, to inveft Ingold/ladi\ 
before the more memorable Victory ai 
Hockfiedt. This Prince built for his Pa- 
lace the Caftle of Rajiadt, 5 Miks N. E. 
of Baden^ and upon the River of Murgy 
where the Peace was concluded in 17 14, 
between Prince Eugene and MaiAai f7/l 
fars. The Town 6i Baden ftands 22 
MileV N. E, of Strajburgj ^4 almoft S. of 
Spire^ and 40 N. W. of Tubingen. Long.* 
12 D. 8 M. Lat. 48 D. 42 M. 

Durlacby Lat. Dorlacbum^ is aTown and i v. 
vtry good Caftle of the Marquifate of Ba- DurUch: 
deny giving the Title of Marquifs to the 
Proteftant Branch of the Family of Baden. 
It is fubjeft to its own Prince, who is alfo 
Sovereign of Baden ^ and ftands 16 Miles 
N. E. of Baden, and 12 S. of Philip/- 

Pforfzheim is a finall Town in the v. 
Marquiifate of Baden, on the Rivers Entz ^{^l^' 
and Nagoldy 17 Miles high S. o{ Philip/' 
burg^ and iy N. E. of Baden. It was 
taken by the French in 1691 5 left, and 



^jFo The THEATRE of 

taken again in 1692 ; but upon the Coni 
ciufipn of a Peace reftoroi to its own 

VI. Fort Ktil^ Khely or Kbeller, is a very 
P^ Kill, ji^ong and important Poft, upon the Eaft 
Side of the Hhine^ ovcr-againft Strajburg. 
It had been taken by the French^ under 
the Madfhal de Crequiy in 1 678 ; but was 
reftorcd to the Emperor by the Peace of 
Ryjwicky in 1697. The French retook it 
in 1703, and kept it till 1714, when it 
was again rdftored by the Peace of Rq/iadf. 
A third Time the French took it was in 
OSober 1733, being the firil of itheir mi- 
litary Operjitibns after they broke with the 
late Emperor : To whom they reftored it 
by the Peace that followed about two Years 
after. The Fort itfelf is a regular Oftor 
gon, defended by other very confiderable 
Worjk^, and the Waters of the Rivers 
^incbe ^d Scboutery which here fall intp 
the Rhine. 

lie Palatinate cf the Rhine, or 

Lower Rhine. 

Bounds. " | HE Palatinate of the Rhine ^ or 

\ Lower Rhine^ Germ. Pfaltz^auff 

Rfjein, or Nider P/a/tZy . (to diftinguilhit 


the PRESENT WAR. jyr 

from the Upper y which lies on the Danube^ 
a;id belongs to the Duke of Bavaria^ ac- 
cording to the Treaty oiMuhJier) borders . 
on the North the Archbiflioprick ofMentz*, 
on the. Weft Lorraine^ and the Archbi- 
flioprick of Treves > on the South Alfatia ; 
and on the Eaft Francania^LndSuaiia. Ics 
Extent South and North is about 80 Miles, Extent; 
and almoft as many Weft and Eaft, includ- 
ing the Biftiopricks of Spire and Worms. 

The Air is here good and wholfome, 
thp* fomewhat cold : The Soil extreamly 
fruitful in delicate Wines, Corn, and Pas- 
tures: There are alfo feveral Mines of 
Agate and Jafper 5 and fi;ie Gold is drawn 
out of the Sand of the Riwe, of which 
they coin very good Ducats, which bear 
the Name of that Riven 

The Rivers here are, 

1. The Rbiney already deicrlbed. Rivets. 

2. The Neckarj which waflies Heide/- 
iurgy and fo falls into the Rhine at Man^ 

3. Tht Nahe^ whici) wafhes Ebernberg 
and Creutznachy and falls into the Rhine 
at Bingen ; not tq mention feveral of fmal- 
ler Account, 

This Country takes its Name from the 
Office of Count Palatiney beftowed by 
the Emperor on thofe who adminifter'd 
Juftice in his Name to the Empire : Of 


yjz Ihe THEjiTR E of 

whidi Officers there ivere two; oneofdi& 
Sbmey who had the Charge oifranconia^ 
and the neighbouring ^untries ; and the 
either in Saxony ^ and the other Countries 
ikbjeA to the Saxon Laws* Hence it is 
that the Ele<ftOT of Saxony y ex the Eleftor 
Falatiney or Elector k^ Bavaria, are Vi- 
cars of the Empire in their refpeftiyePro- 
vmccs, when there is an Interregnum by 
die Emperor's Deadly or othcrwife. 
^ptory. At firft the Count Palatine of the Rhine 
had no Poflefnons on that River ; but in 
Procefs of Time got them by Marriage, 
Purchafe, or Imperial Gift, and formed a 
very confiderable Principality : So that, be- 
fid^ the Palatinate y^A feveralFiefsbetwixt 
Cobkntz and Jindemacb^ he has Juliers 
and Berg lower down the Rhine -y alfo 
the Dutchies of Newburg and Sultzbacb 
near the Danube^ and other Pependcncies 
on thehi. 

The Eleftoral Family of the Princes 
Palatine of the Rhine ^ is defcended from 
Otho the BluJiriouSy Duke of Bavaria, 
who died in 1245; leaving two Sons, 
Le^is 11, Count Palatine ot the Rhine, 
and Elector, and He?iry XIII, Duke of 
Bavaria. The Elector Frederick III be- 
gun in 1 576 to entertain many Proteftant 
Families in his Dominions, who fled froni 
the Low Countries. His Succeflbrs doing, 


the PRESENT WAR. lyj 

the like, did diereby mightily enridi Afe 
Country. This Prince made his Reve- 
nues very confiderable- by the Reforma- 
tion, Right of Gonduft to Strangers, ToU 
upon Merchandizes that pafled hb Terri- 
tories, and the Title he had to the Goods 
of Strangers, or thofe who died without 
Will in his Dominions. Frederick III 
was liicceeded by his Son Lewk IV, who 
turned P^oteftant, and was iiicccedcd by 
Frederick IV, who alfo abandoned Po^- 
pery. He married Lotdfa^ Daughter to 
the Prince of Orangey l^ whom h^ had 
FrederickYy who waschofen King o£Bt>^ 
hernia mibig^^y but being dethroned after 
the Battle of Prague^ in 1620, his Ter- 
ritories were given to the Duke of Bat^d-^ 
riay with the Dignity of Ele6tor.» He 
died at Mentz in i6ji, leaving behind 
him three Sons, by Elizabeth Daughter of 
yames I, King of GreaUBrifairiy vi^. 
CharleSy Robert, and Edward. RoBert, 
or Rupert y commonly called Prince Rtt- 
ferty and well known in Englatidy was 
created Duke of Cumberlandy and died 
without Legitimate Iffitie. Edward died 
a Papift at P^/r/ J in 1663, leaving three 
Daughters by Princefs j4nne of Mantua ; 
one of them, Anne^ married to thePrince 
of Oondi. Charles had Part of his Father's 
Inhcritwice reftored to him^ by the Peace 


17^ <the THEAfRE of 

c£Mun/ier in 1648, and an eighth Elec- 
torate was created in his Behalf, as Pala- 
tine of the Rhine ; the Upper Palatinatey 
and the Priority of Rank, which he before 
held in the Eleftoral College, femaining 
in the Duke of Bavaria'^ Hands. The 
Elector G6tfr/fi married G6^r/o//^, Daugh- 
ter of the Landgrave of Hefe^CaJfely by 
whom he had CbarleSy and EUzabetb^ 
Charlotte, who was married to the Duke 
of Orleans y only Brother to King Lewis 
XIV, of France. Charles fucceeded his 
Father in the Eleftorate, and in 1671 
married Willelmina'-Ernejlinai Daughter 
to Frederick III, King of Denmof^L He 
died in 1685, without liTue, and was fuc- 
ceeded by Philip-WilUamy Duke of New^ 
burgy a Popifli Prince. In 1688 and 
1689 the French entered Jiis Territories, 
and laidmoft of themwafte, on Pretence 
of the AJlodial Succefiion claimed by the 
Dutchefs of OrleanSy Sifter to the late 
Elector, who died without Iflue. This 
Eleftor died in 1690, and was fiicceeded 
by his eldeft Son, John-Williamy who re- 
. {\ditdL?xDuJfeldorpy in the Dutchy of £f rg:, 
during the Devaftation of his Country. 
This Prince dying in 171 6, without 
Heirs, was fiicceeded by his Brother 
CbarleS'Pbilipy the late Eledor, who died 
in 1743, Iciaving the Ftincc of StdJtzSacby 


th presenTn War ha 

Son of that Prince who had married his 
Daughter, and defcended of a collate, al 
Branch of his Family, his fole Succeflbr. 
This young Prince, oamed alfo Charles- 
Fhilip^ and born in 1724, is the Eieftor 
now reigning. Great- Difputes were ex- 
peAed to arife about his Succeffion to the 
Dutchies of Berg and JuUerSy Partbf the 
Eftates of the Houfe of Cleves^ to which 
he has but a very remote, if any, Ckisn, 
other than by Donation 5 and which were 
claimed by the King of Pruffia^ whofe 
Anceftor had been joint Heir with the 
Ele(5tor "Palatine^ to the Siicceflion* of the- 
Houfe of CieMes : But nothing has yet 
happened to difturb his Poffeffion, tha* 
nobody can tell what may hereafter hap- 
pen, from a Prince of that Ambition and 
Secrecy as his prefent PruJ/ian Majefty. 

This Country may admit of two Divi- 
fionsi the P^A^/witff? properly fo called, 
and the Dominions of feveral particular 
Princes adjoining to it. 

i; The Paiatinate properly {o called, 

wherein are, 

• Heidelberg^ Cap. 
. Manbeimy 




^76 "J^e THEATRE of 






Simmereriy County^ 



2. Places adjoining to the Palatinaie^ ami 
fubjcfl: to feva^ Princes : 

Spirey Imp. Bifh. 
JVGrtnSy Imp* Bifli, 
Philipjburgy to the Emperor, 
' Darm/iaty Landgraviate« 
Deux^Ptmijfy Dutchy. 
Btfkenfeldy County. 


Remarkable Towns ^n the Palatinate 

of the Rhine. 

E^uihcr IJEIJ^ELB^RGy Lat. Heidelber^ 
"^^tl. ^^^ (which fome think to be the 
Bi/iw-w of the Antient$) is the Metropo- 
lis of the Palatinate of the Phiney feated 
at the Foot of an .Hill, on the Neckaty 
over which it has a Wooden Bridge. It 
is faid to have fopnerly belonged to the 
Bifhoprick of WormSy h\x\ v^as granted to 


the PRESENT WAR. 177 

LiCms Count Palatine in 1225. It was 
enlarged by Robert^ or Rupert^ Count Ptf- 
iz//«^, who was chofen Emperor, in 1392: 
And the fame Rupert Count Palatine foun** 
ded an Univerfity here in 1387. This 
Town has been large, fair, well built, 
and well peopled. It was the ufual Re- 
fidence of the Elector, who had a noble, 
magnificent, and ftrong Caftle here, till 
the French blew it up in the War be-p 
fore-mentioned, when they were forced to 
leave it, contrary to the Capitulation made 
with the Dauphin. The Town-Houfe, 
and the Churches of St. Peter and the 
Holy Ghojiy are ftately Buildings. The 
Wine of this Place is much efteemed. 
The Caftle is Mfo famous for a huge 
Wine-fat, commonly called the Tun of 
Heidelberg. The Univerfity has great Pri-. 
vileges ; one of which is. Power of Life 
and Death over all that belong to it, witli- 
out Power of Revocation, or Infi-ingement, 
in the Prince himfelf. This Univerfity 
has been famous for many great Men, 
and had one of the beft Libraries in £//- 
fope^ which Count T^illy fent to Rome in 
1622, after he had taken the Town, 
which fufFered cxtreamly in the late Ger^ 
man Wars. It was taken by the French 
in 1688, and a little while after burnt 
and abandoned. In 1 693 Heidelberg was 

N be- 

178 , TheTHEuiTREcf 

betrayed to the French King's Troops^ ur^ 
dcr the Command of Marfhal Je Lorge^ 
the City laid in Alhes, the Tombs of the 
dead Princes and Princefles inhumanly de» 
ftroyed, and their Corps expofed] the 
Garrifon and Inhabitants cruelly butcher- 
ed; and the Women, after Protection 
promifed, brutiflily ravifhed. Part of tlie 
Garrifon, flying to the Caftle, capitulated, 
A little while after, Heiderfdorf xht Go- 
vernor, being condemned to Dqath by a 
Council of War at Hailbron^ was repriev* 
ed : But degraded of the Teutonick Order, 
led about the Imperial Camp in a Cart, 
buffetted in a difgracefol Manner by tha 
common Hangman, treated with the 
Height of Ignominy, then banifhed, and 
cudgel'd to Death by the Peafants, after 
he was let go by the Executioner, Hei^ 
delberg confifts chiefly of one large hand-r 
fome Street, with a fpacious Market-place, 
Since its Devafbtion, the Eledoral Refi-. 
dence has ufually been at Manheim^ The 
famous Tun, before-mention'd, holds two 
hundred Tuns oiEngliJh Meafure. Inflead 
of Hoops, it is encompafled with large 
Trees of Knee^Timber, like the Ribs of 
a Ship, which have feveral Infcriptions 
and Figures painted and carved on them, 
and are fupported by carved Pedeftals, 
On pne Side of the Veflel th^e is a hand^ 


f^e PRESENT WAR. 179 

Ibme Stair-cafe, leading to the Top, into 
a Gallery, fiirrounded with Ballifters, three 
and forty Steps from the Ground. It is no 
uncommon Thing, in other Towns of 
Germany^ to fee Veflcls of enormous Mag- 
nitude ; but this at Heidelberg exceeds all 
the reft. It ftands 13 Miles N. E. of 
Spire, 1 6 S, E. of Worms, 8 E. of Man-- 
heim, 1 8 N. E. of Pbilipjburg, and 3 8 al- 
moft S. of Franckfort. Long, 8 D. 40 
M. Lat 49 D. 20 M. 

Manheim is feated on the Confluence of il. 
the Rljine and the Neckar. It was taken ^^^«^- 
and ruined by the Spaniards in the Be- 
ginning of the Seventeenth Century, 
but rebuilt and handfomely fortified by 
CbarleS'Lenvis Eleftor Palatine. It was 
taken by the French in 1688, and entire- 
ly ruined in a moft barbarous Manner. 
But this City feems to have recovered 
much of its antient Splendor, as well as 
Strength, during the Repofe enjoyed by 
the Palatinate. The late Eleftor ereftcd 
here a magnificent Palace, where he ufu- 
ally refided, as does alfo the prefent, . 
The chief Security of this City, as well as 
Heidelberg^ feems to be in its Situation 
on the Right-hand Side of the Rhine, the 
French having frequently marched much 
lower dowu that River on the oppofite 

N 2 Shore, 

l8o rbe rHEJTREof 

Shore. It ftands 8 Miles W. of HeiJeir 
Aerg, 1 1 N. of Spire, g S. E. of fFcrms^ 
and 20 N, E. of Landanv. Lrong. 8 D. 
31 M. Lat. 49 D. 22 M. 

III. Frankendaly hat. Franchendalia^ forr 
Tranken- nicrly HO more than an Abbey, afterwards 

a Place qf Refiige for the Low Country 
Exiles. About 1 574 it grew into a City, 
and was well fortified, at fcarce a League 
diftance from the Ehine. It was t^ken by 
the Spaniards in the laft Century, andre- 
ftored to the Eleftor Palatine^ by the Pa- 
cification of Munfler. But in the Inva- 
fion of the French it was nioft cruelly 
laid in Aflhes. It ftands 1 2 Miles almoft 
W. of ffeidelAergj 5 N. W. of Manbeim, 
and 5 S. of Worms. 

IV. Oppenbeim, Lot. Oppenhemium^ sl finall 
Ofpenheim (>j^^ Imperial and Free, till it was grant- 

ed with its Territory to Rupert Prince Pa- 
latine by the Emperor in 1402. It ftands 
upon a Hill near the Rbine^ 9 Miles al- 
moft S. of Mentz, 1 2 nigh W. of Darm^ 
Jiadty and 14 N. oi Worms. The French 
put a Garrifon into it in 1688, and after- 
wards ruined it in 1693. Neither this 
Town nor Frankendal are now Places of 
any confiderable Strength. 

. Cauh 

ibe PRESENT WAR. ' i8| 

i Caub is a little Town, with a Caftle cal* v. 
led Gudenfeksy on the Rhine \ againft ^''"^' 
which, in the Middle of the River, is the 
Gaftle of PfaltZy whence fome erroneouf- 
ly would have the Prince's Title of Pfaltz^ 
grange derived. It ftands 5 Miles S. of 

Rhinfels^ ^nd 20 nigh W. of Mentz, 


Creutznacb is a pretty good Town, on vi. 
a Hill, near the fmall River Nabe, with ^''^^ 
a, ftrong Caftle. It was fubjeft to the 
French zSttr 1688, but now again under 
its natural Matter the EleAor Palatine; 
It ftands 17 Miles S. W. of Mentz^ and 
24 almoft N. W. of Worms. Ebernberg^ 
about 2 Miles to the S. W. upon the fame 
River, is another fmall Fortrefs: 

Newjlat is a fmall fortified Town, feat- VII; 
ed on the Kivtv Spirebacb, 8 Miles N, of^'^-^^V 
Lan3aw^ 1 5 N. W. of Pbitipjburg^ and 
J.3 almoft W. of Spire. 

K^iferjlauterny Lat. Cafaropoh\ Is upon viii. 
the River I/^af^r, near theDutchy oiDetix-^ yw^ 
pcnts. The French cd\i it Cafehutre. They *^^'^' 
tookit in5^/f;»^^ 1688, under the Mar- 
quifs of Boujlers, after they had been re- 
pulfed in two feveral Storms. But it re^ 
turned to the Eleftor upon the Peace. It 

N 3. ftands 

ftands 25 Miles S. W. oiWorms^ 28 nigh 
W. of Spire y and 3 5 almoft S. of Mentz^ 

IX. Bacbaracb is a iifnall Town on diei2i&i>r^, 

'rtff/ ^'^^^ ^^^ ^^ imperial, now belonging to 
the Eledor Palatine. It ftands 20 Miles 
W: of Mentz, 6 S. of Rhinfelt^ and 9 N. 
W. of Bingen, 

X. Simmereny hat. Simmeray is the Capital 
^""*^^' City of a little Province of the fame Name, 

bearing the Title of a County. This little 
Place is adorned and ftrengthened with ^ 
very confiderable Caftle. It belongs to 
the Eleftor Palatine y but has been fbbje£l: 
to the French. It ftands 23 Miles nigh S, 
oiCoblentZy and 30 W, of Mentz. It i» 
a Place of no Strength ; but Cajlelauney 5 
Miles to the N. W. is fortified, 

XL Ingelbeim^ hat. Ingelhemiumy and /»^^- 
^' "^'^^ lenhemiumy is a fmall Town near the Rbine^ 
once free and imperial, but now belong- 
ing to the EleftoF Palatine^ and fubjeft 
to the French. The Emperor Charle^ 
maigne was born th6re in 742, and afters- 
wards repaired it. Lewis the Debonair 
died there in 840. It ftands 7 Miles W.. 
of MentZy and as many E. of Bingen. 
jilgejheim is another Fortification, at about 
a Miles to the S. W. of Ingelheim. 



* t 


' \ 

» « 

> •• 

r c 

thePRUSENT WAR. 183 

Traerbacb is a fbong Town and Fortrefs Xll. 
topon tlic Mofellcy in the County of Span-S^^^t^^b 
heimy between Bern^Caftle and Cell in the 
Ele<florate of I'reves. It was fubjedt to 
the French^ with the reft of the FalatU 
nate^ at the End of the laft Century, but 
reftorcd by the Peace of Ryfivick to the 
Eledor Palatine. The French took it 
again in 1702. The Imperialifts retook 
the Town in 1703, and blockaded the 
Caftlc ; from which they were diflodged 
the fame Year by the French^ as thefe were 
difpoiTeffed again the next Year by the 
Hereditary Prince of Heffe-CaffeL The 
Eleftor Palatine now poffeiTes Traerbach. 
It ftands 2 Miles S, of Mont-Royaly 1 8 
N. E. of Trevesy and 28 S. W. of O^* 

Other fortified Places in the Palatinate 
are, Turkbeimj 7 Miles N. of Neu/iati 
Neulinangen and Grunjiai^ both about 6, 
and Gelbeim^ about lo Miles &rther to 
the N. W } Kircbeim j Altzey^ formerly 
the Refldence of the Eledtors j Sintjheimy 
where Marfhal Turenne obtained a iignal 
Vidlory; OdembeiMy JVolfieiny &c. fmall 
Places at a Diftance from the Pinne on 
the Weft ; and on the Eaft, hadenburg^ 
upon the Neckar^ between Manbeim and 
Heidelberg^ under the joint Dominion of 

N4 the 

184 ^e THEjrRE df 

the Elexftor Palatine and the Bifhop of 
Worms ; Gernjheim^ upon the Rhine ^ 1 o 
Miles N. of Worms J and others of fmall 

Places adjoining to the Palatinate* 

I. CPIRE, or Spires^ Germ. Speir, Lat. 
Spire. O spj^^^ Qj. Augiijia Nemetumy or Novio^ 

maguSy has been a great, rich, populous 
City, near the Rhine^ with a Bifhopricky 
under the Archbiihop of Mentz. It is an 
Imperial and Free City, but under the 
Proteaion of the Eleftor Palatine. The 
Cathedral was built in 141 1, by Qmrade 
the Emperor, in which are the Sepulchres 
of the Emperors fi5?;7ry IV, PbilipY^ Ru-^ 
dolpb I, Adolpbus of NaJaUy and Albert I. 
The Imperial Chamber, which was fiift 
inftituted ztFrancfort in 1495, by Mdximi^ 
Han I, was in 1530 removed to this City 
by Charles V. It confifts of two Prefi- 
dents, whereof the one is a Proteftant^ 
the other a Romanift, and of 1 5 Coun* 
fellors, of whom feven are Proteftants, and 
eight Romanics. The Government of the 
City was all Lutheran ; but the Cathedral 
was in the Hands of the Bifliop, a Roman 
Catholick. There were feveral Convaits 
of both Sexes, and a Collie of Jefuks. 


/i&^ PRESENT WAR. 1^85 

The Cahnnifis had alfo a Church here, 
but their Number was not confiderablc.^ 
Tho' the Town fubfifted chiefly by the 
Imperial Chamber, yet there was an end- 
lefs Difpute between them and the Cham- 
ber, concerning their Privileges. For the 
Government of the Town pretended that 
the Judges of the Chamber, as they were 
private Men, and out of the Court of Ju- 
dicature, were fubjeft to them; and in 
the Year 1685 they put one of them in 
Prifbn: And, on the other hand, the 
Judges faid their Perfons were iacred. In 
the War of 1672 between the French and 
the Emperor, the City enjoyed a Neutra- 
lity, on the Account of this Chamber: 
But in the Year 1688 it was taken and 
garrifon'd by the French y and in 1689 a 
War eniiiing, for the Recovery of the 
Countries ravifhed from the Empire by the 
French^ they with the utmoft Inhumanity 
burnt and deflxoyed this antient and ve- 
nerable City. Hereupon the Imperial 
Chamber was by the Dyet, with the Con- 
font of the Emperor, removed to Witjlary 
a City of Heffe. To this Court there lies 
an Appeal from any Prince's Court in the 
Empire, and the Eleftors themfelves may 
in fome Cafes be fummoned to appear 
there. SpirCy in its prefent recovered 
6tate> is large and populous, but not 


i86 .The r HEAT RB of 

flrong enough to fuftain a Siege ; where- 
fore it lies open to almofl every Amnty 
that happens to march that Way« It 
ftands 13 Miles S. W. of Heidelbefg, 
5 N, of Philipjburgy 1 2 S, of Manbeimy 
and 20 S, of Worms, Long« 8 D. 26 M. 
Lat. 49 D. 14 M. 

Other Towns in the Diocefe of Sfire 
are Brucbfaly Weibfiat^ Altripy Marten* 
trauU Kijlochy and Philipjburg : The lat- 
ter of which we fhall defcribe feparately. 

II. WormSy Lot. Vormacidy BarbetomaguSy or 
Worms. J^arbitomagus Vangionuniy is a great, feinous. 
Imperial City, upon the Rhiney with 
a Biflioprick, Suflfr^sm of Metaz. The 
Bifhop is Lord of it» as well as of the 
little Country, whereof it is the Capital. 
Attila deftroyed it in the Fifth Century, 
and CImis repaired it again. It has been 
often taken in the Wars of Germanyk 
The Town was honoured a coniiderable 
Time with an Archbiftipp's See, whereof 
it was deprived about 7 50, by Pope Za^ 
fbary yVfho removed thatDignity to MentZy 
leaving only the Title of Biihoprick to 
WormSy in Puniihment of GerviUm's 
Treachery, the laft Archbifhop, who kill'd 
an Officer, whom he had invited to eotoe 
ta confer with him out of his Enenues, 




the SaxonSy Camp. Here have been fe» 
verai Councils held> as in 764, 770, 
1078, &c. A famous Diet was held nere 
in 1 52 1, in which Lutber defended his 
Doftrine before the States of the Emnirc, 
JPbrms was alfo burnt by the French in 
1 689. It is .fince great Part of it rebuilt ; 
but there are ftill, as formerly, large void 
Spaces within the Walls, planted with 
Vines, which yield two or three thouiand 
Hogfheads of excellent Wine annually. 
The Inhabitants are a Mixture of Papifb 
and Lutherans ; but the Papifts are poP- 
ii^ed of the Cathedral, and moft of the 
Churches. Worms Hands 20 Miks N. of 
Spire y i6 N. W. of Heidelberg^ 5 R of 
Frankendaly 25 N. of Pbilipjlmrg^ 23 S. 
of MentZy and 3 3 S. of Francfort. Long. 
8 D. 22 M. Lat. 49 Dl 32 M. 

Within the Limits of this Bifhoprick 
arc the Towns of Hernjheimy Obermim^ 
Pfrderjheim, Wefihoffim, OoJiboffeH, Dai^ 
Jbeinty and ^me others. 

Pbilipftmrg h a very important Fortrefs iir. 
near the Rhine y called formerly Udenbeim: ^^^^ 
It todc its modem Name from Philips ^^' 
Chrijhpher de Saleren, Bifhop of Spire, 
and Archbifhop of Treves. This Prelate 
caufed it to be bulk, and forti^d with 

ie ven 

,88 l^e ruHATRB^f . 

feyjen BaftionSi where the Biihop's Caftle> 
and the Village of Udenheim ftcx)d, Almoft 
upon the Eaft Bank of the Rfjiney in a 
Plain furrounded. with marfhy Ground. 
The Place was configned to the Biihop. 
of Spire^ but ftill under the Protedion of 
the. Emperor^ The Bifhop has ever had 
his Refidence in the Caftle, which is a 
noble Pile. It fell into the Hand^ of the 
Ijnperialifts^ in the Wars at the B^inning 
of the laft Century, through the Coward- 
linefs of the Gro vernor. The Swedes drove 
them thence in 1634, and gave it to 
L^ewis XIII ; but as the Fortification of it 
could not be finiftied, becaufe of the Ri- 
gour of the Winter, the Imperialifts fiir- 
prized it by Night, in 1635. Afterwards 
the Duke oiEnguien^ having defeated the 
Bavarians at Friburg^ retook Bpirf^ and 
Pbilipjburgy in 1644. The French King- 
caufcd it to be regularly fortified, and 
made it a very important Plage, The 
Germans^ and their Allies, who had block-' 
ed it up for a long TiijjQ, befieged it, in 
May 1 676, and it was furrendered to them 
upon Articles the September following. In 
September 1688, it was inverted again by 
the Frencby and in OSlober the Dauphin of 
France came hither, and here made his 
firft. Campaign. The Firft of November 
it was furrendered, when it might have 


/ift*? PRESENT WAR. jSg 

!K)lderi out much longer. However, diis 
Siege drawing the Attention of the French 
on* that Side, gave Liberty to the Princi 
of Orange^ afterwards King JFilliam of 
Great-Britain^ to come over into England. 
Pbilipjburg was again befieged and taken 
by the French ^ in 1734.. The Siege was 
long and bloody, and remarkable befides 
for the Lofs of the famous Duke of Ber-- 
wick, who was killed in it by a Cannon 
Ball. The great Prince Eugene^ who 
commanded the Imperial A^^y* made 
feveral Motions in vain to relieve the 
Place : For the French, under the Direc- 
tion of Baron ctAlfeldt, had thrown up 
fuch Intrenchments round their Camp, 
that it was thought imprad:icable to at- 
tack them. They reftored the Prize that 
coft them fo' dear upon the Peace that 
followed, at the Beginning of the Year 
1736: Since which, Philif>Jburg hzs con-- 
tinued in the Hands of the late and pre- 
fent Emperor. It (lands 5 Miles S. of 
Spire y 12 E. of Landaw, 25W. of^/7-' 
^rony 20 N. E. of Weijfembergy and 18 
S. W. of Heidelberg. Long. 8 D. 25 M. 
Lat. 49 D. 8 M. 

Darmjlaty Lat. Darmftadiuniy with the IV. 
Title of Landgraviate, is above two Leagues ^^^fi^^» 
from the Rhine. It belongs to a Prince of 


I90 The THE ATR E of - 

tbe Family of Heffe^ and has a well forti- 
fied Caftle. The CMles of Marienburg 
on the Rhine and RuJeJbeim on the Main 
belong alfo to that Prince. Darmftat (lands 
on the little River of the fame Name, 12 
Miles S. of Francfort^ 16 nigh E. of 
Mentz, 19 N. E. of Worms ^ and about 
26 nigh N. of Heidelberg and Manheim. 

V. . DeuX'Ponts^ Lat. Bipontium^ Germ. 
p^' Zweibruck, is a Town on the fmall Ri- 
ver Swolbey with a ftrong Caftle, and the 
Title of a Dukedom, It ftands 40 Miles 
S. W, of JFormSy and about 50 from 
Strajburg on the S. E. Mentz on the N. 
E. and I'riers on the N. W. 

This Town gives its Name to a very 
antient and noble Family, which is a 
Branch of that of Palatine and Ba^aria^ 
in this manner. Stephen Duke of Sim-- 
meren^ fecond Son to the Emperor Robert 
the Littky had two Sons by his Wife jinne 
of VeldentSy viz. Frederick and Lewis the 
Black. Lewis dying in 1489, left Alex^ 
ander^ firnamed the Lame^ Duke c^Deux-^ 
Fonts J who died in 15 14, and was file- 
ceeded by Lewis II, who embraced the 
Proteftant Religion, ^nd died in 1532. 
His Son Wolfgang was his Succeflbr. He 
added to his Father's Dominions the Prin- 
cipality of Newburg^ and died in France^ 


/i&^PRESENT WAR. 191 

in 1569, whither he had led Sticcoun 
out of the Palatinate^ to the Proteftants 
of that Kingdom. He left • five Sons, 
Philip y Lewis y Johriy Frederick^ and 
Charles^ and two Daughters. Jcbn was 
his Succeflbr, who died in 1 604, and had 
by his Wife Magdalen^ (Daughter to H^iU 
Ham Duke of Cleves and Juliers^ who 
brought along with her the Reverfion of 
her Father's Eftates) four Sons ; Lewis-- 
Willi am y who died in 1581J John II ^ 
Frederic k'Cafimir^ (who married, in 16 14, 
Amelia Daughter of William Prince of 
Orange) ; Jcbn^CaJimiry (who, in 1 6 50, 
married Catharine Daughter to Clharles X, 
King of Sweden^ by whom he had Charles' 
Gujlavus King of Sweden^ and Adolph^ 
yobn*^ and two Daughters. John II, Duke 
of Dewc^PontSy took the Title of Duke 
of Cleves and Juliers, and died in 1635, 
leaving behind him, by his fecond Wife, 
(Louifa^Jub'ana, Daughter to Frederick 
IV, Eleftor Palatine) feveral Daughters, 
and one Son called Frederick^ who enjoy- 
ed his Father's Eflates by the Treaty of 
Wejiphaliay in 1648, and died in 1661, 
without Ifliie. His Nephew Fredericks 
Lewis (Son to FredertckX^aJimir^ and 
Amelia Countefs of Orange and NaJJau) 
fucceeded him. This Frederick-Lewis 
was married to his Coufin "Juliana^ 


192 ^e THEATRE of 

Magdalen^ Daughter to John II, by whom 
h&haA LemS'JVilliamy bom in 1648, to 
whom belonged theDutchy of Deux^Ponts. 
Yet upon the Pretence of the King of 
Sweden'^ Right to it, the French made 
themfelves Mafters of the Town and 
Callle of DeuX'Ponts in January i6y6y 
which they kept till it was for the moft part 
ruined. The Family of Deux-Ponts was 
extinft in 1732, in the Perfon of Gii/ia^ 
"vus-LeopoU, who fucceeded Charles XII, 
King of Sweden^ Grandfon of the before- 
mentioned Charles^Gu/lavus, Since that 
Time this Dutchy has been in Sequeftra- 
tion, the Landgrave of Heffe-Darmftat^ 
and the Abbot of Fulda. both Roman 
Catholicks, being Adminiftrators. The 
Elcftor Palatine^ as Duke of Newburg\ 
claims this Succeflion; as does alfb the 
Prince of Birkenfeldty who is a Proteftant, 
and next Claimant to the Eleftoral Dig- 
nity after the Houfe of Sultzbach. 

VI. Birienfeldy Lat. Birchofeldiay is a fmall 

BirkcnfM.r^^^^ with the Title of Principality and 

Dukedom, in the Palatinate of the 
Rhine. It ftands in the Country of Hunf-^ 
ruk^ nekr the Nahe^ 22 Miles almoft E. 
of TrierSy and 45 nigh S. W. of Mentz. 
The prefent Prince of Birkenfeld, Chnf^ 
tian III, refides chiefly at Btfchweiler in 


/-fe- PRESENT WAR. 193 

liower j^/acey of whith TaWn and Tctj- 
ritory> with fome other- firiaH Diffrids, he 
iicids Pc^cffion b^ iwwcA Curtefy* 

• . • , • - ' • •• . 

. Mont-R^l W&s a ^ry ftrongrnew Kttlc vii. 

Town, buih by ^the French in 1 687 in the J^^^'; 

P^tinste^ upoA die Lcft«*8Me of . the ^"^ ' 

MJfelUi oter-againil: Traerifinck They 

were obliged to demolifli it iii^ 1697; by \ 

the' Peace of ;Jf}[/wioi. 

<. < 

-^ AfKhh^boprick mid Mle^oraie of 

» • • 

^nr<H)B ArcjhW/boriek fend' Elc(5tontte Bounds. 
^jt ,,. of M«nt» borders Wef^ra^ an tKc* 
North ; the Blea<>rat|£} of Triifi oft the 
Weft J the ic?^^^ Pfilatinafe on the South $ • 
and i^tf«fc«}!'^oh the Eaft. , 

Itjs fa ftrang^ly divided^ :ixiA intcrmix'ti J^xtent. 
with other Provintes, that the Diihenlions 
of it cannot well be given, , 

Its Archbifho|>- is Arch^hancellor of ^^i^^iy. 
the Empire, and the firft of the Eleftoral 
College. In all publick'Convfentions; he 
fits at the Right-Iiand of the Emperor. 
ThisDignity istelo^ive, and dp^pcnds upon 
the Chapter, which confifls of twenty- 
four Canons that have Voices, commonly 
called Capitularies. There are other Ca- 

O nons, 

194 ^^ THEATRE of 

nons, who have neither t^oice nor Re-^ 
venae, tho' they have made the ufuaf- 
Proofe of Nobility ; (for none btit Gentle- 
men, who can prove themfelvcs fo by 
Defcent, are admitted into this Chapter ;) 
but they may fill th6 Vacancies of the 
Twenty-four. This Elefior has a Mar- 
shal and a Chancellor under him, the fif^ 
for Military Aflairs, and the €)ther for die 
Adminiftration of Juflice : His Dominions' 
confift of five and twenty Bailiwick^i 
which in good Times yield the Arch-* 
bifhop about 100,000/. per jinn. The 
greateft Part of this Revenue is rai&d m 
MentZy by the Toll which all the Boats 
that go through it are obliged to pay. 

The prefent Eledor, Fredenci-ubarleSy 
is but lately choien, in the room of Charles-- 
Pbilh itEltZj eleacd in 1732- 
Rivew, The chief River which waters this 
Eledorate, befides the Rbtfiey is the Main^ 
or Meiriy which £dls into that near Mentz. 

The Eledorate and Archbilhoprick of 
Mentz is fcattered in feveral Provinces, 
ThePlaces moft commonly mentioned are. 

MentZy Arch. Cap.'] 






)>about the Hinne. 

/i&<? PRESENT WAR. 195 

TriSergy Imp. ^ . rg,^ 

Reineck^ Cpunty, 

• • • 

Erfort, ^ '' 

• Skilingerifiat^ > in Huringia^ 

Dude^^y ' 3 

Wclhiilgivc here a particular Dcfcrip- 
tion of Ithofc Places only, which are about 
i^c Rhine and the Mei/iy the reft being alto** . 
gcAcr* foreign to our Defign. 

MentZy French Mayencey Lot. Moprnf^:. I. 
tiay Maguntiay vrnd Moguniiatuniy isfifii* ^^"^^^ 
ated Upon the. Icift Bank 6{ ths Rhine. Jt^ 
deriveth its Naine from the River Mein^^ 
^hich fells intb the Rbim over-agamft it, 
and is. the ahtientcft Qty in that Part of 
Gern^njy having been certainly built bcW 
fore the Birth of our Saviour, and famous 
in the Times of DrufuSy General of jfu- 
guftus. In 745 it was toade an Arch- 
bifhop's^ee, inftead of WbrmSy to which 
it was Suffraean befbfe. It wa§ very fe- 
terely treated by Ffederick Mnobarbus, or 

O2 Bar-- 

J96 "The rHEAtR^ of 

Barbarojfa^ the Emperor, in 1 1 58 ; bnt 
rebuilt and rcftorcd by O/A? IV. In 1462 
it was taken and deprived of its Imperial 
Privileges by Adotpbm of NaffaUy its Arch- 
bifliop. Its Univcrfity was opened in 
1461. Gujianms Adolphus^ King of Swe- 
deriy enter'd it in Triumph in 163 1. It 
was retaken from the Swedes in 1635 ; 
but they took it again the next Year after, 
and kept It till the Peace oi Munfter. 
This is a very ftrong Place, , adom'd with 
Churches, Monafteries, and other fine 
Buildings; but the Narrownefs of the 
Streets, and the many old Houfes, take 
away from its Beauty. It is moft exten- 
ded towards the River, and that Part ex- 
cels the other towards the Land, as 
being more populous and better built. 
This City is famous for die Invention oi 
Printing about 1430, or rather for the 
Skill oijokn Guttenbnrg^ who firft taught 
the Ufe of it in 'Europe^ which ibme iky 
he had learnt in Cbtna^ where they pr&- 
tend to have had it for above two thou* 
fand Years. The Inhabitants alTo iay, 
that Gunpowder was firft invented here, 
by Bartkoldus SwartZy a Francifcan Friar. 
But it is plain beyond Contmdidtion, that 
the Compofition of Gunpowder was 
known long before in England to Friar 
Bacon j and as to Printing, the Cits: of 

/^f PRESENT WAR. 197 

Harlem in Holland flill diiputes the Ho^ 
nour of it with MentZy which they 
afcribe to Luvwrence Co/iery a Citizen of 
their own. Mentz received a French 
Garrifon in 1688 ; but being bcfieged by 
the Confederate Forces under the Duke of 
Lcrrainy it was furrendered September i j, 
1689, after fix or feven Weeks Refiftance. 
It flands 2 1 Miles almoft W. of Francfort, 
28 almoft N. of mrms, 48 N. W. of 
Heidelberg^ 74 S, E. of Cologne^ 90 N. of 
Strajburgy 25 N. of JVorms^ and 66 E. 
of Treves. Long« 8.D. 20 M. Lat. 49 
P. 53M. 

Bingen is a fine little Town and Caftle li. 
upon Ac Mouth of the KiyttNabe^ or Nave^ ^*''^^' 
on the Left of the Rhine. Ammianus }/[ar^ 
cellinusy and the Itinerary of Attoninus 
make mention of it. It was once Impe- 
rial, but is now fiibjeft to the Archbi- 
flioprick of MentZy and ftands 16 Miles 
W, of that City, and ly E. of Simmeren. 
Near it is an Ifland in the Rhine^ with a 
Caftle callejd Maufziburny wherein it is 
faid, that HattOy fecond Archbifliop of" 
MentZy was eaten alive by Rats: It is 
now almoft whdly rained. Travellers 
are very fiiU of the Reality of this Story, 
• which perhaps they had better infert in 
the fabulous Legend. 

O 3 Among 

1.98 the IT HE AT RE of' 

Among the Towns of the BhingaWy z 
narrow Tradt along the Banks of the 
FbinCy belonging to this Eleftor, we are 
to mention, bc^des thofe already de- 
fcribed, El/ddfy a Town of fbme Strength, 
, 1 5 Miles W. from Meniz ; Erbacby re- 
markable for its magnificent Monaftery ; 
' Rodejheinty fiimous fpr the Growth of the 
beft Wines, and about 2 Miles N. E, of 
Bingen; and IVinckel znd, EJiricf^y about 
two Miles afiindcr, and both fortified. 

it would have been foreign to our Pur- 
pofc to take notice of the Ele<ftor's Poflcf- 
fions on the Main^ had it not been that 
tKey were, by an unexpefted March and 
Aftion, the chief Scat of the laft Cam- 
paign in 1743.' Her? we hi^ve worthy of 
Remarit J . , . .* 

III. Ht>cl^, fituate on the North of the 
^-^¥-' Main J having the Privilege of taking Toll 
of the Veflcls which pafs op and down 
that River, for the Benefit of the Ekdor, 
It ftands 4 Miles E. of Mentz^ and 6 W. 
of Francf art. Here thcEfiglr/h lay a confi- 
derable while encanipeci before the March 
to Afcbnffcmbourgy which produced the 

/i^ PRESENT WAR. 199 

'^Afchaffembourg^ fituate likewiie on the iv* 
North Side of the Main^ at the Influx oi f'^f'' , 
the little River jifda£ ao 'Miljes E; oP"^*'^- 
Mentz, 24 B. o£ Francfqrtj, and 25 N* 
of Erfiack It was once Imperial, bat 
DOW {vhpSt to the £ledx)r of Mentz^ whp 
has here a fine Palace, wherein his Bntattr 
nick Majefty took up his Q^rters during 
the Stay of the Army iii thofe Parts. 
Geographers call it the ftrongefl City in 
the Elector's Dominions ; hat we imagine, 
by what pailed in the laft Campaign, unr 
juftiy. For it was at this .Place that the 
French intended to have pafled, after thp i 

Confederates had quitted it, in order to 
attack his Majefty in the Rear upon his 
March : Nor did they find any DifHcolty 
in taking Pofleflion of the Town, the' the 
Bravery of the Confederate Troops, and 
the Rafhnefs or Miftake of one of the ^ 

French inferior Generals, defeated AePro.- 
jedt of Mfiihal NomUes^ dnd obliged his 
Party, that had pafled the Maihzt ^eligen^ 
Jiadt^ to repafs it widi Lofs and Difgrace. 
This Seligenjiadt is a fmall Town, on the 
left Side of the Mainy about c Miles E. 
by S. of^ HanaUy and 14 E. of Frankfort : 
As Dettingeriy where the A<9:ioh happen^ 
ed, is a fmall Village a little higher t^ the; 
iliiver, on the other Side, about Midway 
•' '^ O 4 between 

apo "The rffEATRB of 

,between Jfchaffembourg and Hanau^ an4 
about fix or feven Miles from each. * ' 

( . i 

V. Hanau^ \vh ither the Confederates march- 

Hanau. ed after the Action at Dettingen, and which 
they had before pafled in their .Way to Ap- 
'chaffembourg^ is a ftrong Town in the We^^ 
teraWy the Metro{)oKs"^of the County of 
jiamu^ and fubjeift to its own Count, who 
is Prince William oiHeffe^ Brdthcr to th6 
King of Sweden^ arid Father of Prince 
Frederick:, who married the ^rincefs Ma- 
ry of Eyigland, It ftands on the River 
Kintz^ near the Main^ ji Miles E. cdf 
Francfort, arid i8 N. E, oi Darmjlaf. • 

FrZrart ^^^^<^f^^t upon the Main. . We only 
Y ^^"^^ ' mention this large, 'ftrong, and ridi City, 
one of the principal oi Germany:, inftead 
of defcribing it particularfy, as we imagine 
its JDignity and IJberty, being Injperial, 
and at prefent tlie Seat not of tj^e Em- 
peror only, but of the Diet of the Empire; 
will preferve it from any Violences during 
the prefent War. It ftands on the North 
of the Main, but has a large Suburb on 
the South, called Saxenhaufen, and a imaU 
piftridl round it. Diftant from Mehtz 20 
^Vfiles aimoft Eaft. - 


the PRESENT WAR. aoi 

Jj)e Jtrcbbijhoprick and Ele^orate of 
' • -• '- ■ : Treves. ■' 

TH E Eleftorate of ^reveSy or Triers^ Bounds, 
' lies towards Weterdw and the 'Pala^ 
pnate on the Eaft; Lorraine on the South • 
Lmemburg oft the Weft ; the Dutchy cf 
JtiUerSy me Archbiflioprick of Cologne^ 
and the Wefierv)alt on tne North. 

It is of great Eitent, above 80 Miles, Extent, 
from North-Eaft to South-Weft; but no 
where above 50, and in fome Placfes not 
25, from North to South. 

It is watered both by the 'Bhine and Riven, 
the Mofeiley and yields moft plentifiilly Qsality. 
'all Things xv^ccSkry for the l^ife of 
Man, • 

The Chapter of Treves have the Privi- 
lege of chufing their Archbi/hops, and re- 
ceive no Princes, nor fcarcely any Counts, 
in their Prebends or Canonries. The Gen- 
tlemen referVe them for People of their 
own Rank, as their only Means to come 
to the Dignity of Eledor, or Prince of ^ 
the Epipire. • But the Canons, before they 
are received, muft give as good Proofs of 
their noble Birth, both by Father and 
]^other, as is required of the Knights of 
-'' Ma/^ 

«o2 rbe THEjITRE of 

Malta. The Elector of Treves is titular 
Great Chancellor of the Empire in the 
Gaulsy and in the Kingdom oiArks ; but 
does not exercife the Function of this 
Charge, becaufe thefe Places are not now 
under the German Empire. He has Pre- 
cedency of the Eledor of Cologne^ and 
poflfeffes ieveral other Advantages ; votes 
before all the other Eledors in the Dyets 
and Affemblies of the Eledlors, in wnich 
he has his particular Seat over-a^ainft the 
Emperor, between the two Benches of the 
other EleSors. The King of Francey in 
the late Wars, was Mafter of feveral Towns 
and Caftles in this Archbiihopripk all along 
the Mofelky which he was obliged to ncr 
ftore upon the feveral Pacifications. But 
he always allowed the Archbifhop the Ec- 
clefiaftigal Privileges and Revenues, which 
iriTimes of Peace amount to *bbut 70,000 /. 
Sterling^ per jinnum^ according to the Au- 
thor ot the Prefent State '^^ Germany, 
This Archbifhoprick has twentyrfovir Bai- 
liwicks. The prefent Elector is Francis^ 
George^ Count of Schoenbt^fn^^ucHmny 
chofen in 1729, upon the Rcfigna-tign of 
the late Eledtor of Mentz. 



the PRESENT WAR. 205 

The principal Cities and Places in this 

Elcdlorate are. 

Treves y or Trier Sj 

Arch. Cap. 


Truimy Abbey, 

TreveSy or Triers^ Lat. Jugufta Trevi- I. 
rorum^ is a very antient City, icated on ^'^^^^ 
the Mofelky being an Archbiihop's See, 
and an Electorate of the Empire. Some 
will" have it to be the moft antient City of 
thefe Parts, and to have been built long 
l)efore ^me itfelf : But this is certain, 
that it v^is in the Tiine of the Romans 
one of the moft coniidemble Cities in 
'Europey hiving been the Refidence of 
icvenJ Emperors, whofe Coins and Me- 
dals are fHU found there. It was ruined 
' four ot five Times by the Hunsy VandaUy 
Goths y arid French ; but always recovered 
with greater Luftre, while the Emperor^, 
:that ftaid any Time in the GaulSy m^de it 
their ordinary Refidence. It was then 
adorned with a Cirque and CapitoU But 
it is at prefent, however, thro' the Vicif- 
fitudes of Fortune, neither very well built 
npr populous. The* Archbifhop of Treves 

;504 ^^ rUEATRK of 

in that Quality is Prince of the Empire, 
and Temporal Lord of his Eftates, and 
was formerly Metropolitan of the Bifhop- 
ricks of MentZy Cologne^ Liege, Utrecht^ 
Strajburgy JVorms^ and Spirey all which 
are now feparated from his Archbifhop- 
xick: So that he has but three Suffragans ; 
MdZy ^Quly and Verduriy which are all 
under the King gf France. They pre- 
tend they have our Saviour's Timick at 
^rtves^ and that, left it ihould be ftolen 
iiway^ tliey conceal the Place it is hidden 
in; tho' probably this Care is taken the 
tetter to keep the Cheat undifcovcred. 
Several Synods have been held herp> the 
chief whereof was that in 386, upon the 
Stibjeft of the Prifcillianijlsy by Older of 
Tfhc Tyrant Maximus. This City has four 
Collegiate Churches, five ParifheSj two 
Abbies, and ieveral Religious Houfes. It 
was put into the Hands of the. Frericb in 
1632, to preferve it, as was pretended, 
irom the Sivedes : They kept it till 1 645. 
Marflial Crequi was defeated near Treves, 
at tlie Bridge oi Confmibrick upon the Sarr, 
A^giiji ii> 167c, and afterwards retired 
tiji tliis Pkce, wnich was inimediately be- 
lieged by the GermaJis^ who forced the 
Garrironto furrcnder upon very diflionouTr 
able Terms. The French became Mafters 
of it again in 1688, and kept it till the 


/i&^ PRESENT WAR, 2o| 

Peace of Ryfwick. In 1703 they toojc it 
again, but loft it to the Duke of Marlbo^ • 
rough in 1704, who determined the next 
Year to carry the War into France by the, 
Mojelky it being lefs defenfible on that. 
Side than towards Flanders or '^rabant^ ' 
But henois XI V« hereupon fending a la^ 
Army into Flanders to frighten the Iksfeb^ 
and make a Diveriion, the Duke w^- 
obliged to abandon his Defign. Treves- 
then fdl once again into the Hands of 
the French y after the Lofs of aU the Ma- , 
gazines that had been erc<Sed there for 
the Ujfc of the Army ; and tjie Seat of diCr 
Wan being no more moved that Way, jt . 
remained to them till the Peace of Utrecht^ 
when they reftwed' it to the Elefior.. It 
fkunds 28 Miles N, E. of Luxmbm-gy .70 
S. of Coiogney 95 N. of Stra^ufgyO^nd. 
6q N* W. of Menf^. Long. 6 D, 48 IVL • 
Lat 49 D. 46 M. 

Coilentz is a very ftrong and populous UL 
City upon the Confluence of the MofcUet^ OUe^tm^ 
and Bifine ; for which Reafon it is called- 
m Latin), ConJktenteSy (x ConfiuerUla^ It 
is a pretty Place, with fine Churches ^nd' 
ftately Houfes, along the River. ' The 
Eleftor of Treves has a Palace here;, 
where he* nukes his prdinanr Refidence^; 
It ftands C2 Miles N. E. ot T?'evcSy 28 

^6 ."the THEATRt: of 

^ S. E. of Bonn, 13 W. of Nqffau, 35 N. 

V^, of Mentz, and 42 fix)m Cologne to the 
S. E. Gafper a Petra much improved: 
its Fortifications, by drawing a Line fi-om 
one River to the other, with Fortifications 
after the moft regular modem Way. On 
the other Side the Rhine, is the ftrong 
Fortrefs of Ebrenbeijieiny commonly cal- 
led Hermanjiein. This Caftle is fituated 
upon a Rock, and has Communication 
with the Town of Coblentz by a Bridge 
of Boats over the Rhine. It is efteemed 
one of the ftrongeft Citadels ia Germany, 
and could not be taken, hi 163;^, pther- 
wife than by Famine, There is another 
good Stone Bridge over the Mofelle. Cob-^ 
lentz is nearly of a triangular Form, two 
Sides being defended by the Rivfers, and 
the other by the Works ; and is^ die moflt 
confidcrable Place, next to Jiis. Capi- 
tal, that belongs to the Archbifhop of 

^^ , Sarirugj or Sarbruken, Lot. Sarapons^ 
* or Saraburgum, is on the River &wr, 
over-againft St. Jean, on tiie Borders of 
Lorraine ', formerly an Imperii Town, 
h\x% exempted by the Emperor Rodolpbus I, 
and belonging to the El^orate ofT'reves. 
}t has been a fine Town, very antient, 
and is mentioned in t}ie Itinerary oiAnto^ 

nine ; 

the PRESENt WAR 207 

nine \ but filing under the Duke of jLat- 
raine^ came into the Hands of the French. 
It is, however, now under its' proper 
Mailer, and gives Title to a Prince of the 
Houfe of N^au^ who has a Caftle here, 
which was his ufual Refidence. It ftanck 
1 2 Miles W. of DeuX'Ponts, and 40 E. 
of Metz. 

Boparf^ Lat. Bopartium and Bodohriga^ IV. 
is a finall Town upon the Rhine^ at the Boparu 
Foot of a HiH, aritiently Imperial, now 
fobjeft to the EleSor of freves. It ftands 
8 Miles S. oiCoblentz. Here the Vcffels 
which pafs the Rhine pay a Toll to his 
Electoral Highnefs. 

Pruimy or Prume, is a little Town and V. 
Abbey oiBenedidline Monks, in the Fo-* ^'^'^• 
reft oi jirdenney between the Eledloratc 
of Treves and Luxemburg. It is an Ec- 
cleliaftical Principality of the Empire, 
whereof the Abbot was formerly Lord j 
but fince 1 576 the Eledor of Treves hks 
it, and it was confirmed to him by the 
Diet of Ratijbtm in 1654. It ftands on a 
little River of the iame Name, 27 'Miles * 
N. of Trier Sy and 31 S. of Aix la Cba^ 


2o8 The Theatre of 

VI. Grimberg is a fiiiall Town about 15 
Gnmberg.y[i\^^ S. W. oi THcrs, fubjefl to this' 


VII. Oberwefd.WefeU Lai FiceUa, ovVefaJia,: 
Ohrwefel..^^ a Tdwn upon the Rhine, rmperjfljW' 

Free, till, in l3i'2, it fell into tHQlmiids 
of the Eleftor of Tren^es. It is memorable 
for St. Werner's D(^th, flain here hy the 
y^^i in 1287. The Mother of Alexdn-^ 
aer^ the Roman Emperor, is al^o i^Id to 
have been .aflaflinated hete. This rtace 
ftandfe 20 Miles S. of C9^/^»te, aad loN, 
W. of Bingen. 

vill. XJlmen is another fmall Town, 27 Miles 
ifimiH. y^ ^£ Coblentz. Travellers mention i)c- 
fides in this Ele<5lonit6, Meyn^ on the Ri* 
ver Nette, 1 5 Miles W. oiCoilentz \ Gc-^ 
cbeimj a fortified Town on the Mo/e^^ 
8 Miles N. E. of Cell; Saffkh, the Ca- 
pital of a County of the, fame Name j 
EngerSy a haridfome Town on the Rhine j 
4 Miles N. of Coblentz i Berneq^hy a 
Town of confiderable Trade on the. il4&- 
felle^ 3 Miles S. W. of Traerbach^ where 
they make good Wine ; Cell^ alfo on th^ 
Mofelle, t Mites N. E. of "Traerhach, fe^ 
mous likewife for Wine; St. Vendel, 2, little ' 
fortified Town on the Borders of the 


th PRESENT WAR. 209 

Palatinate I Litniurg, St.Maximw^Pbaltz, 
Montreal^ and Witlicbz 

The jirchbijhoprick and EleSiorate of 


TH E Eleftorate of Cologne^ by the Boundk. 
Natives called Ceulen^ borders the 
Dutchy oijuliers on the Weft 5 the Elec- 
torate of "Treves oh the South ; the Dutchy 
of Berg on the Eaft \ and Cleves and Gel^ 
derland on the North. 

Its Dimenfions cannot eafily be deter- Extent. 
tnined, becaufe it is intermixed with other 
Provinces. However^ in general, it ex- 
tends aboilt one hundred Miles North 
and South, along the Banks of the Rhine^ 
but is feldom more than feven or eight 
Miles in Breadth. 

The Archbilhop is Great Chancellor of Hiftory. 
the Empire in Italy ^ but never exercifes 
the Funiftion of his Office : For Princes 
that hold any Principalities of the Empire 
there are Its perpetual Vicars, in which 
Quality they can. do in all Places of their 
Jurifdiftions what the Emperor could do 
in common Gifcs, and in higher Points 
have Recourfe to the Iriiperial Court. 
Wherefore the Archbifhop oiMentz^ who 
is Great Chancellor oi Germany^ is Keeper 
^ P of 

210 The THEATRE of 

of the Archives, and the Titles that con- 
cern Italy. The Golden-Bull bears, that 
the Archbifhop of" Cologne has the Privi- 
lege of crowning the King of the Romans: 
Neverthelefs it feems this does not belong 
to him, but when the Ceremony is per- 
formed in his Diocefe, or in the Suffragan 
Biftiopricks ; for the Archbifhop of Mentz 
difputes it with him, when it is done elfe- 
where. This does not hinder but the 
Archbifhop of Cologne goes before him of 
Mentz within the Diftrifts of his Pro- 
vince, and Chancellorfhip of Italy ^ where 
he puts himfelf at the Emperor's Right, 
leaving the Eleftor of Mentz^ who pre- 
cedes him in all other Places, the Left* 
The Eleftor of Cologne has alfo, by the 
Golden-Bull, the fecond Suffrage in the 
Eleftoral College, with Privilege to vote 
immediatelyaifter the Archbifhop of Treves. 
He exercifes Juflice by his Officers in all 
criminal Cafes in the City of Cologne ^ tho* 
otherwife free, and immediately depend- 
ing on the Empire. But the Citizens of 
Cologne do not liiffer him to make any 
long Stay with them, nor come with a 
great Train,, for fear of furprizing them^ 
and depriving them of their Liberty^ 
which has been the Occafion of feveral 
Debates thefe many Ages, and is the Rea- 
ion why that Prelate keeps his Refidence 


the PRESENT WAR. 211 

for the moft Part at Bonn. The Great 
Chapter of Cologne is one of the noblefl 
in Europe i it confifts of fixty Canons, all 
Princes or Counts, for they receive no 
tneaner Perfon : Quite contrary to thofe 
of Treves and Mentz^ where they receive 
neither Princes nor Counts, unlefs for 
fome weighty Reafons, The twenty-four 
Elders of the fixty fqrni a particular Chap- 
ter for the EIe(3:ion of the Archbifhop, 
and have their a<3:ive and paflive Votes, 
having Power to ch^fc any of the Col- 
leagues, or to be chofen themfelves to the 
vacant Dignity. The, annual Revenues of 
this Archbi£hoprick, in Time of Peace, a- 
mount to about 13 0,000 /^ per Annum. 
But the prefent Ele<ftor, Clemens Augujlus 
ofBavariay Brother of the Emperor, (who 
fuccceded his Uncle, the Eleftor yofepb-- 
Clement y in 1722, to whom he was be- 
fore Coadjutor,) is poflefled pf fo many 
other great Benefices, as to make his 
whole Income amount to no lefs than 
;^ 00,000/. a Year: For he is Bifhop of 
Mtmjiery Paderborny Hildejheimy andO/- ' 
nabrugy all confiderable Sovereignties,, 
and Grand-Mafter of the Teutonick Or- 

P 2 th( 

212 TbeTHEATREcf 

The moft remarkable Places in the Elec- 
torate of Cologne are, 

Cologne^ Arch, 
Nuts, ' 







I- Cologne^ or Collerty or Ceulefiy Lat. Colo^ 

^^^^^' nia Vbioruniy and Colonia Agrippina^ is 
feated upon the Rhine. It is an Imperial 
Free City, and one of the four capital 
Hans TownSy with an Univerfity and Arch* 
bifhoprick, whereof the Prelate is Prince, 
and laft Ecclefiaftical Eleftor of the Em- 
pire. This Place is very antient, deriv- 
ing its Origin from the XJbiiy who court- 
ed Julius Cafar*s Alliance to refift the 
Suevi, their mortal Enemies. In Auguf- 
tus's Reign they put themfelves under 
-^r/]^/j*s Protcftion, and paffing xhtRbine 
they founded on the left Bank the Town 
of Cologne^ which they then called the 
Colony of Agrippa. Some fay the Place 
was built before they came, and that they 
only enlarged it, about twenty or twenty- 
four Years before our Saviour's Birth; and 
that afterward? Agrippina^ Grand-daugh- 

/i&^PRESENT WAR. 313 

tcr of this Agrippa^ and Nero's Mother, 
to fhew her Power and Magnificence, 
when married to the Emperor Claudius^ 
made the Circuit of this City far wider 
than it was before, and eftablifhed a Co- 
lony of Veterans in it, about forty-eight 
Years after our Saviour's Birth. When 
Vitellius and Vefpajian difputed the Empire, 
A. C. 69, this Town was befieged by Tu- 
tor and SabinuSy who had revolted againft 
the Romans. The Colonians obeyed the 
prefling Neceflity, and received their GaN 
rifon, which they afterwards maflacreed, 
when Cerealis had beaten the Rebels. 
King Meroveus of France beat the Ro- 
mans hence in the Reign of Valentinian 
III ; and foon after Atttla ruined it; But 
it being rebuilt by the Romans^ Cbilderic^ 
Son to Meroveus J took it from them a fe- 
cond Time, and gave it to a Prince his 
*Coufin, Father to Sigebert^ called the 
Lame^ King of Cologne and Ribarols^ who 
was killed in 509, by Cloderic his Son^ 
It was then that Clovis^ the Great ^ who for 
this Murder put the Executioner to Death, 
united the People of Cologne to the Crown 
of France y imder which it remained dur- . 
ing the Reigns of the Kings of France of 
the firft Race. Under thofe of the fecond 
it fell to the Kings of France^ Emperors 
of Germany. In 881, when Charles the 

' P 3 Grofi 

a 14 "Jloe THEATRE sf 

Grofs went to have himfelf proclaimec} 
Emperor beyond the ji/pSy Godfrey and 
Sigrfro)\ Kingsof the NormanSy took and 
burnt Colcgney with fifteen or twenty of 
the beft Cities in Gallia Belgica. The 
Emperor Otho the Great ^ under whom it 
was repaired, fubjed:ed it to its Prelates 
about 95 o; but fucceeding Emperors made 
it free. Fr^i/^nV^ I. allowed it great Pri- 
vileges, fince which Time it increaied 
mightily, efpccially in 1260, when it en- 
tered into the Lei'.gue of the Hans TownSy 
and becariie Capital of the fourth of their 
Provinces. After this it was governed by 
Senators, till the Senate was changed in 
.151;^, by a rifing of the People, who 
maffacreed the Confuls, Treafurers, and 
fome other Magiftrates, accufed to have 
cheated the Publick. The Senate, before 
this Change, was looked upon to be much 
like that of old Rome. At prefcnt, Qh 
logne is governed by fix Burgomafters, fer 
ven Aldermen, and a hundred and fifty 
Commoa-council Men, who all continue 
for Life. They govern and judge in civil 
Mutters : E]ut for Criminals, they have only 
the Power to feize and examine, with- 
out the Authority of acquitting or con- 
demning them. For the Eleftor, as be- 
fore hinted, referves this to himfelf, as 
the highefl Degree of Sovereign Authority j 


the PRESENT WAR. 215 

and 'tis for this Reafon, that tho' the 
Town is free, yet it does him Homage, 
and fwears Allegiance, upon Condition 
that he will preferve the Privileges it en- 
joys. As for the reft, Cologne is called 
the RoTjte of Germany^ for its Magnitude, 
its Senate, and fine Buildings. For it is 
certainly one of the fineft, richeft, and 
biggeft of all Germany. The Fortifica- 
tions are at prefent fo inconfiderable, that 
whoever is Mafter of the Field, may foon 
become Mafter of this City alfb. It is,' 
however, environed with Walls, that have 
eighty-three Towers,' and a triple Ditch, 
that furrounds it in Form of an Half- 
Moon. The Metropolitan Church of St: 
Peter would be one of the moft magnifi- 
cent in the whole World, if quite finifti- 
ed. Befides which it has ten Collegiate 
and nineteen Parifli Churches, eleven 

' Monafterics, twenty-two Nunneries, fe^ 
veral Hoipitals, and thirty Chapels. The 
Univerfity was re-eftabliftied in 1388. 
Befides which there is a Jefiiits College, 
built after the Italian Faftiion, with a 
very fine Dome. There are five great 
Squares, or principa.1 Places, in this Town, 

. where, befides its Bignefs, the Cleannefs 
of the Streets, the Magnificence of both 
its private andpublick Stractures, the 
fweet Humour and Civility of the Inhabi- 

P 4 tants. 

2i6 The r HE AT RE of 

tants, amongft whom there is ever a great 
Number of learned Men, contribute-much 
to render it confiderable. There are abun-*- 
dance of Relicks in this City, among 
which three Skulls, richly en/hrined, and 
Lid to belong to the three wiie Men, 
who came to viiit our Saviour, hence cal- 
led the tJiree Kings oiCoUen^ are the moft 
taken notice of by Travellers. Cologne 
has been a Bilhoprick in former Times, 
Suffragan of Treves^ but was erected into 
an Archbiflioprick in 755, ten Years after 
Meritz was made one in Favour oi Boniface. 
The firft Archbiftiop was called Adolpb. 
He had, for Suffragans, the Bifhopricks of 
Munjler^ Liege^ Ofnabrug^ Minden^ and 
Utrecht ; but the two laft being become 
fecular, there are but the three firft that 
depend on it now. The antienteft Aflem- 
bly of the Clergy held at Cologne was 
that of 346, wherein Euphrates^ thenBi- 
(hop of the Town, was depofed for fidr 
ing with the Jlrians^ and Severinus put in 
his Place. Charkmaigne ordered another 
there in the Vlllth Century ; and tliere 
were fome others held in the IXth, ©r. 
In 1688, Prince Clement oi Bavaria was 
chofen Archbiihop of Cologne^ in Oppofi- 
tion to Cardinal William of Furfemburg^ 
who, being fupported by the King of 
France^ entered this Eledorate to main- 

the PRESENT WAR. 217 

tain his pretended Right by Force of Arms, 
and made himfelf Mafter of Bonn^ Ket- 
ferfwert^ &c. which were retaken in 1 689, 
by the Brandenburgers^ and reftored to 
the right Owner. This Conteft about the 
Eleftion of the Archbifhop of Cologne is 
the more remarkable, as it was the firft 
' Spark that kipdled the War, which 
raged thro' moft Part of Chriftendom, 
from 1688 till 1697, when it was paci- 
fied by the Treaty* of Ryfwick. In 1701, 
it received fortie Dutch Troops, in Oppo^ 
fition to the Eleftor, who was in the 
French Intereft, Cologne ftands 25 Miles 
E. of Juliers^ 68 almoft N. of Triers^ 70 
S. of Munfter^ and 74 N. W, of Mentz, 
Long. 7 D. 10 M. Lat. 50 D. ^^ M. 

Bonn is fituated upon the Rhine ^ 14 11. 
Miles almoft S. of Cologne^ in a very fine ^^^'^ 
Country, environed with Hills, and co* 
vered with Vines and Wood. Several 
Authors fabuloufly fay it was built by the 
TrojanSy after the Deftruftion of Trcy^ 
However, it is certainly the jira TJbiorum 
of the Antients, and the b«5it« of Btolomy. 
Its Name was alfo found in fome Medals 
of Auguftus, related by Goltzius^ under 
the Name of a Colony, Coh Julia Bona. 
It is. a regular Fortification ; the Walls 
are faced with Bricki and the Ditch, which 


2i8 rfje rHEATRE of 

is dry, is pretty broad 3 but the Counter- 
fcarp is none of the beft. As for the 
Town itfelf, it is not large ; yet remark- 
able, as being the ordinary Refidence of 
the Eledtor of ColagnCy who has there a 
very fine Caflle, and curious Gardens, 
with Waterworks, in the Neighbourhood. 
The Town-Houfe is alfo very well built, 
with divers Paintings, and a Clock with a 
melodious Chime, after the Fafhion of the 
Countrv. There are flill fine Churches 
to be feen, notwithftanding tlie Ruins oc- 
cafioned by the late Wars, the principal 
of which is dedicated to the Martyr^ 
CaJfiuSy FlorentiuSy and Malufius. This 
Town fufFered much in the firft Wars of 
the jL^^ Countries^ and was fiercely attack'd 
partly by the Bavarians^ partly by the 
Troops of the Duke of Parma^ who car- 
ried it at laft by Famine, in 1588. In 
this .City Frederick of Auftridy chofen in 
Oppofition to Lewis of Bavaria, was 
crowned Emperor in 13 14. It was in 
Times paft an Imperial City, tho' now 
entirely under the Archbifhop. In 1673 
the Prince of Orange, afterwards King of 
Great^BritaiUy having taken Naerdeity 
•and fecured Holland by a Part of tlie 
Army, marched with the reft into 
Germany y and joined Part of the Con- 
federate Troops to befiege Bonn^ which 


/^^ PRESENT WAR. tig 

had been put into the French King's ' 
Hands^ by the Eleftor of Cologne ; and 
the taking this Place forced the French . 
King to withd-aw his Forces out of the 
United Netherlands. The French made 
themfelves Mailers of it again in the Bc- 
;inning of the War of 1688, Lewis XIV 
laving given Troops to Cardinal Furftem-' 
hurg^ to maintain his pretended Right to 
the Electorate. It was befieged in the 
Summer of 1 689, by the Elecflor of Bran-- 
denburg^ who, after having almoft hiin'd 
it with Bombs, took it by Capitulation. 
In the War which commenced in 1702, 
Bonn flood by its Eleftor for the French 
Intereft, and was reduced by the Confede- 
rate Army under the Duke of Marlborough 
in 1703, remaining in the Hands of the 
Emperor till it was reftored at the general 
Peace that followed ten Years after. At 
the Siege of this Town by the Eleftor of 
Brandenburg^ they found a Vault in which 
there was an Iron Chefl, that was fiill of 
Medals of Gold, to the Value of 1 00,000 
Crowns. The Metal was Ducat-Gold, 
and the Impreflions made for Romany but 
very ignorantly, as not being above 4 or 
500 Years old. Some few of them, that 
feemed trae, were of the later Greek 
Emperors. Bonn flands 14 Miles almoft 
S. of Cologne, 28 S. E. of Juliers, ^^ ^^ 


3ZO tlje THEjiTRE of 

• moft N. E. of Treves, and 60 N. W^ of 
Mentz. Long. jT>. 1 8 M. Lat. 50 D. 

44 M. 

^^' Hhineberg^ ovRbeinberg, Lat. Rhenober^ 

' ^^^'gay is a little but very ftrongTown, fituated 

upon a Hill near the Rhine, and towards 

the Dutchy of Cleves. It was taken from 

the Spaniards by the Hollanders in 1633, 

and continued under them till 1672, when 

. it wus taken by the French, and reftorcd 

to the Eledor of Cologne, the right Owner. 

In 1702 it was garrifoned by the French, 

and fome of the Elector's Troops ; but 

furrendered to the Pruffians in 1703, and 

was again rcftored by the Peace ofUtrechtj 

' in 1 7 1 3 , to the Eleftor. . It (lands 42 Miles 

N. W. of Cologne, and 1 2 E. of Gelders. 

ly. Keiferftvert, Lat. Colonia ^raja, Cay^ 

M^rf" P^J*^^^^^^ ^^d Infula Rheni, is a . very 
mean but well fortified Town, upon 
the Right -Hand Side of the Rhine. 
It has a broad Ditch, very regular 
Fortifications, and high Walls, feced 
with Brick ; as is alfo the Counterfcarp, 
which is in very good Condition. This 
Town was firft mortgaged to Adolph Duke 
of Cleves, by Charles IV, Emperor of 
Germany. Gerard Duke of Cleves, Bro- 
tlier of Adolph, fold it to the Archbifliop 



of Cologne for 100,000 Florins, about the 
Year 1399, and in 1464 it was finally, 
with Bieljiem and Frederberg^ confirmed 
to him, in Exchange for Soeji and Santen^ 
by John Duke of Cleves. The French 
had poflefs'd themfelves of it for Cardinal 
Furjtemburg*, but the E left or of Branden- 
burg retook it in 1689. It was delivered 
to the French by its Sovereign in 1701, 
and recovered by the Confederates in 
1702, who kept Pofleffion till the Peace 
/ of Utrecht. It ftands 24 Miles beneath 
Cologne, totheN. W. 6^.of Dujfeldorp, 
and 9 S. of Duyjbourg. 

NuiSj or NuySy Lat. Novefium, is feat- v, 
td on the left Bank of the Rhine, where ^^^'^* 
. it receives the little River Erpt. It is an 
antient ftrong City, and famous for the Re- 
fiftance it made againft Charles the Rajh, 
Duke of Burgundy, who befieged it a 
whole Year, It was often taken and re- 
taken during the great Wars of Germany. 
The Emperor held it, with other Towns 
of the Eleftorate, during the Ban againft 
its Sovereign. It ftands 22 Miles N. W, 
of Cologne, and 3 S. W, of Dujjeldorp. ♦• 

' j^ndernach, a fmall Town, ftands on VI. 
the left Bank of the 'Rhine, by the Borders ^^^^^»^'^ 
9 f Triers, j8 Miles almoft S. E. of Bonn, 


822 The TBEAt^kE of 

and 9 N. W* of Coblentz. It was once 
Imperial, but now fubjed: to the Elector 
of Cologne. It is a Place of fome Strength, 
but not capable of any great Defence. 

At Broely in the Midway between Co^ 
logne and Bonn^ the EleAor has a fine 
Hunting^Seat : Lintz is an old Cky» on 
the Eaft Side of the RbinCy 1 8 Miles to 
the Northward oiCoblentz : ZonSj y Miles 
South of Nuts J ilands in a Country plen- 
tiful in Corn j Kempen, upon the River 
Erpty is a fortified Town and Caftle, near 
the Confines of Ckves and jfuliers ; Reck^ 
Knghaufen and Dorjiein are other fortified 
Places, the former under an Abbefs of its 
own, and the latter flanding upon the 
River Lippe, Thefe lie between the Bi^ 
(hoprick of Munjier and the County of 
Markj at a Diflance fi^om the Body of the 

The SucceJJioH of C i £ v £ s and 

J u L 1 E R s. 

loand«. ' I ^ H E Countries of Cleves^ Jutiers^ 

Bergy Marky Ravenjbergy and Ra^ 

iriy are about the Rhine^ but fa 

flrangely difperfed that it is hard to deter-^ 

mine their Bounds. One may fay, however^ 


/i&^ PRESENT WAR. 223 

in general, that they border the United 
Provinces on the North ; the Catbolick 
Provinces on the Weft j the Archbifliop- 
rick of Triers on the South ; and Hejfe 
and WeJtphaKa on the Eaft^ 

Their Extent North and South is about Extent, 
a hundred Miles ; and about feventy Eaft 
and Weft, including the Eleftorate of 
Cologne^ which is incircled in them. 

The Air is here pretty cold : The Soil Qoaiitj. 
fertile in Corn, Wine in fonle Places, and 

The principal Rivers here, befides the Rivenw 
Rhine ^ are, the Roer and the Lippe^ which 
fall both into that, the firft at Duyjbttrg^ 
the other at Wefel : There are alfo leveral 
Spriogs of Hot- Waters, and fomc Marfhes. 

The Socceffion of Cleves and Juliers is DivaSon. 
divided into fix Territories, viz. 

\ . The Dutchy of Cleves, Cleves, 
is The Dutchy of Juliers, Juliers. 

3 . The Dutchy of Berg, Dujfeldorp. 

4. The County of Mark, Dortmond. 

5. The County Qi Ravenjberg, Pavenfberg. 

6. The Lordlhip of J?tfv^fw, Ravejtein. 


224 ^^ THEATRE of 

Dutcby of Cleves. 

Bounds. inpHE Dutchy of Cleves lies Parf 
X on thisy and Part on the other* 
Side of the Rhine ^ having the Bifhoprick 
of Munjier ' and other Part of Weftpha-- 
lia to the Eaft; Brabant ^ and Part of 
the Dutchy of Gelderland to the Weft ; 
the Archbifhdprick of Cologne y and other 
Part of Gelderland to the S6uth ; Overyf^ 
fel and the Province of Zutpben to the 

Extent. This Country is about fifty Miles in 
Lengthy and near thirty broad. 

Quality. The Soil, tho' hilly, and much cover- 
ed with Wood, is very fruitful in all Kind 
of Grain^ and abounds wth good Pafture^ 
and ereat Quantity of Game. 

Hifiory; The Dukes of Cleves were a Sovereign 
Family of Germany ^ extinft by the Death 
of Jobn*Williamy IXike of CleveSy Juliers^ 
Mons^ &e. in 1609, without Ifliie by 
either of his Wives,, Jacqueline of BadefZy 
Daughter of Pbilibert Marquifs of Badefty 
or Antoniette of Lorraine^ Daughter to 
Charles II, Duke of Lorraine. This 
Death was the Source of the Civil Wars 
of Germany in this manner : Mary^Elea-^ 
wr^ the Duke's eldeft Sifterj (married to^ 


the PRESENt WAR. iz^ 

jilbert^Frederick of Brandenburg y Duke of 
PruJJia) left four Daughters. The Elder, 
tailed jinne^ was married tp John Sigif- 
mnd Marquife of Brandenburg ^ and Elec- 
tor of th^ Empire. This Eleftor, the 
Duke of Newburgy the Marquifs of B«r- 
gann^y and Jobn-George of Saxony^ which 
three laft married the three younger Sifters, 
pretended all to the Succeffion. John II 
oi Bavaria y Dvkcof Deux-Ponts, Son of 
yobn of Bavariaj and of Magdalen of 
CleveSj Sifter to Mary^Eleanor^ laid in his 
Claim like wife; and Charles of Gonzague 
and CleveSf Duke of Nevers, appeared al- 
fo, becaufe he was Coufin by the Mother's 
Side, and bore the Family-Niime. In the 
mean Time,> the Emperor Rodolpb II 
would fcquefter the Eftate, pretending it 
was a Fief, with an Intention, perhaps, 
to appropriate it to himfelf. It is thought 
that Henry IV, the Greats King of France^ 
was abqut taking the Field to decide the 
Qiiarrel, when he was murthered in 1 6 1 o. 
Aftcrwiu-ds the Marquifs of fir andenburg^ 
tffifted by the Dutch, and the Duke of 
Nefvburgy fupported bv the Spaniards^ 
difputcd the Succeflion by Force of Arms^ 
which they divided at laft, after long Gon- 
teftjT the Dutchy of Cleves, with the 
Counties of Mark and Ravenjberg^ falling 
to the iirfty and the Dukedoms of Julkn 

C^ and 

2a6 "The THE AT RE of 

and Berg^ and the Lordftiip oiRa^efiein^ 
being left to the Duke of Newburg. The 
SpaniardSy under Spinoldj made themfelves 
Mafters of Juliers in 1622 > but it was 
reftored to the Duke again in 1659. 

The Places of Note in the Dutchy of 

CkveSy are, 


CleveSy Cap. 1 Buricb^ 

Emmerick^ I Orfoy^ 

ReeSj ^ 


MeurSy County, 





Fort de Skenck. 

^* Ckves^ Lot. Clhisy or CUvia, becanic 

it is bmlt in a Place near the Rbine^ vrhcrc 
there are three deepDeclivitics, or Defeents. 
This Derivation of Name from the Litttn 
makes fome think that the Town was^ 
built by the Romans. However, it is but 
fmall J yet well peopled, and lies upon a 
little River, near the Place where the 
Rhine divides itfelf into two Branches, and 
where the Fort Skenck commands thepi 
both. There is a fquare Tow-r, and 
other Remains of old Buildings feen ntar 
it, which (hew that it has formerly been 
far greater than it is now. Qeves has be<n 
the laft Time in the Hands of the Brdfi-- 



denburgers ever fince 1673. It Hands 12 
Miles almoft S. E. of Nimeguen^ and 66 
N. W. of Cologne. Long. 6 D. 25 M. 
Lat. 51 D. 48 M. 

Emmericky vulgo Embric^ Lat. Emme-- li. 
rica^ is a large, beautiful, and wealthy ^^"**^^^* 
City, feated upon the Right of the Rhine, 
. making almoft a Triangle with Cleves and 
.the Fort Skenci, being about 6 Miles N. 
E. from the firft, and near as much S. E. 
from the latter. It belongs to the Houfe 
of Brandenburg y now Kings of Prtf^a, 
but was garrifon'd by the Hollanders a 
long Time, who took it from the 5/5- 
niards in 1 600* The tledlor of Bran^ 
. denbur^ pawned Emmericky Orfoy^ and 
. Wefel to the Dutch ^ and by the taking of 
them, the French began their Conqueft 
of the United Provinces in 1672. But 
the Year next following they reftorcd them 
to the Eleftor. - ' ' 

ReeSy Lat. Reefunty is a fmall Town lir. 
upon die Rhine y formerly well fortified ^''• 
and garrifon'd by the HoIldnderSy tho' it 
belonged to the Eleftor of Brandenburg. 
It was taken from them by the French in 
1672, and reftored to that Prince in 1 674, 
'.but was firft difmantled. It ftands 12 
Miles E. of Cleves. 

(Xj fVefet 

128 "The THEArRB of 

IV. fFefel is a ftrong City, featcd iipon the 
f^e/il. Right of the Rbiney a little below the 
Influx of the Lippe^ and direftly over- 
againft Buricb. It was taken from the 
Spaniards by the Hollanders in 1629, and 
from the Hollanders by the French in 1 672> 
tirho left it to the Eled:or of Brandenburg 
in 1674, after they had difmantled it. It 
was very well fortified afterwards by thalt 
Prince. This Place ftands 27 Miles S.E. 
of CleveSy 12 N. E. of Gelares^ and 48 
almoft W. of Cologne. 

V- Meurs is a well fortified Towrt, with a 
*^'^'' fmall Territory, and the Title of a Coun- 
ty : Some place it in the Archbiftioprick 
of Cologne^ with which it is in great Part 
fiirrounded. It had particular Counts for* 
merly, but more lately belonged to the 
Houfe of Orange and Naffau^ and fo to 
Ae late King IVilliam III. Upon the 
Divifion of that Prince's SucceflSon it came 
to the Houfe of Brandenburg^ and is 
now fubjed to his Frujfmn Majefty. The 
City of Meurs ftands 28 Miles S. E. df 
Cleves^ 6 W. of Duyjbourgy and 3 7 M. W. 
of Cologne. 

Vl. Genepy or Gemepy Lat^ GennapiuMy \i a 

^^^' finall City, wen fortified, 10 Miles S.W, 

of CleveSy and 11 S. of i4prAegue*i. h vst 


/>6^ PRESENT WAR. zj^ 

Abated upon the River Niers^ where it falls 
into the Maes^ in the Territories ofBran- 
denburg. It was once taken by the Spa-^ 
niards^ but recover'd by the Hollanders ia 
1641, who garrifon'd it till thelaft War* 
when it came to the King of Prujia. 

Buricby or Budricky Lat. Burichum^ Vlj. 
and Budriacbium^ or Burtmcbium^ is a little ^^^'^ 
Town pleafantly feated on the Rhine^ an4 
pretty well fortified. The Hollanders were 
formerly Maftors of it, and it is one Qf 
the four Cities which the French King 
caufed to be attacked, at one and the 
iame Time, at the Opening o£ the Cani- 
paign in 1 672. Marflial ^turenne befiegod 
and carried it ; but it was afterwards. Anr- 
rendered to the Brandenburgers^ and now 
belongs to the King of Pruffia. It flands 
.20 Miles E. of Cleves, and 48'N. W. of 
Cologne. 21 

Qrfoyy Lat. Orfiviumy or Orfocuniy is a vili. 
ftrong Town upon the Rhiney about .3 ^''^' 
Miles S.E. dRbinberg, and S N. W. of 
; Du)f/hurg. It was taken hy the Prjiice 
of Orange in 1 634, for the Hollanders^ and 
afterwards taken from them by the French 
in 1672 > but abandon'd in 1674, and now 
belongs to the King of Prujjpa. 

0^3 Calcar 

_ V 

ti<^ "The THEArRE of 

IX. Calcar is fituated upon the little River 

Calcar. ^^;2^aLeague from thel2i?//z^,andtwo from 

Cleves to the S. E. It has a Caftle, and is 

well fortified : The Streets are narrow, fa 

that there is nothing coniiderabie but the 

;reat Square, where the Town-Houfe is. 

[t is in the King of PruJ/:a's PofTefTion. 

^- Duyjburgy hat. Duijburgum^ is feated 

"^P^Z- ^j^ ^^ River Koer^ at its Influx into the 
Bhtney and belongs alfo to the King of 
Prujfia. It was an Imperial Town for- 
merly, but has loft this Privilege. This 
Town is to be diftinguiihed from tlie other 
Dttyj urgy the moft antient Vifcounty of 
Brabant. It ftands 35 Miles S. E, of 
Cleves^ ana 1 6 almoft N. of DuJJeldorp. 

XI. Santen is a large and antient Town, 
fanten. ^ot far oflF tjie iJA/V, 9 Miles W. of ^^/, 
and 1 5 S. E. of Cleves, It is under the 
King of PruJJiay^ and noted for the fineft 
Church in all that Dutchy, wherein are 
above thirty Altars, with the Hiftory of 
the Gofpel carved exquifitely . in Timber. 
They have abundance of Relicks here ; 
and among other Tings pretend to a 
Manufcript of St. PauN Writing. This 
Place is remarkable for the Encampment 
of the French Army near, it during Part of 
the Year 1702, before tlie Allies were 


the FKESENT WAR. £31. 

fbrong enough to make Head againft them 
in the Fieidr 

Fort de SkencL Lat Jlrx Skenciia. Xll. 
Germ. SchenkenfcbanSy is a ftrong Fort on ^J^^^^ 
the Borders of G elder land^ in a Place where 
the Rbine^ dividing itfelf into two Chan- 
nels, makes the River Wahal^ the other 
Branch keeping the Name of Rhine. This 
Fort takes its Name from the Builder, 
Martin Skenck, The Spaniards took it 
by Surprize from the Hollanders in 1635, 
who retook it the next Year, after a Siege 
of eleven Months. In 1 672, it was taken 
by the French in two Days, an ^ was by 
thenx furrender*d to the Duke oi Braitden- 
hurg in 1674. In 1679 it was mortgag- 
ed by that JPrince to tne Hollanders^ who 
are now Matters of it. It ftands 4. or 5 
Miles N. of Ci^^i, 61>i.W.ofEmmerick^ 
and about 1 2 E. of Nifneguen4 

Dutcby ^JuLiERs. 

THIS Dutchy lies betwixt the M^^^ and Bounds^ 
the Rhine ^ the Countries of Gelders 
and Limburg^ the Biflioprick of Liege^ and 
the Archbifliopricks of Cologne and Treves. 

It is about thirty-fix Miles in Length, Extent, 
and ZQ in Breadth. 

Q4 The 

232 I'be rHEATRE of 

The moft confiderable Places in it are^ 


JulierSy Cap. 


Aix laCbapelieJmp. 

Zulchy or Zu/picby 

KerpcHy I Grevembruck, 

Daleriy I JUdenboven^ 

Mufifter-'Eiffelty J MonjoUy 

Nidecky * 1 Germundy &c. 

I. JulierSy Lat. JuUacum^ Germ, yulici^ 

>^'''"'' or GuHck, is fituated upon the Hitber 
Roer^ which falls into the Maes at Roer^ 
mondey (the other JR(?^r, etRbur^ running 
into the Rhine at Duyjburg and Roeroort). 
It is an antient and ftrong .City, with 
• a good Citadel. Some Authors affirm it 
was built by Julius Cafar^ tho* Others arc 
of Opinion that it was btrilt by Dn/fus. 
It was taken in 1622 by the Spaniards^ 
but reftored to the Duke of Newburg 
by the Pyrenaan Treaty in 1659. The 
Houfe oiNewburg coming to the Eleftoral 
Dignity by the Extinftion oixht Palatine 
Branch of Simmer en^ the Dutchies oiju-- 
Hers and Berg have been annexed to the 
Palatinate during' the three laft Reigns, 
and were fufFered to pafs peaceably under 
the Prince oiSultzbacb^ the prcfentEleftor, 


the PRESENT WAR, 233 

aotwithftanding what was expcfted from 
the Claims of the Houfe of Brandenburg^ 
and the Difpofition of his F ruffian Majefty. 
The City of "juliers is 44 Miles W. of O?^ 
Icgne^ 1 5 N. E. of Aix la Chapelle^ and 3 3 
E. o( Maejlricht. Long, 6 D. 46 M» Lat. 
50 D. 48 M. 

Dureny or Dueren^ is a fmall Town on W. 
the River Reer, 8 Miles S. E. of Julters. ^«^^- 
It was once Imperial, but is now (ubjeft 
to the Eledtor Palatine. This Town pre- 
tends to great Antiquity. 

Aix la Ghapelky Lat. Aquf/granumy in. 
Verm. Aken^ * is an Imperial Town on the j^'^ ^^ 
JFrontiers of Julters. It is ifeid to have ^^^ '' 
been built by Gr^jmr^, the Brother of ^<rr^, 
A:C. 50, and thence called -^5^1^/5 Gr^Xfw;72: 
Others give it a fabtiloirs Etymology, deriv- 
ing its Name from Apollo^ called GraniuSy 
becattfe of its Medicinal Waters and fittths. 
Charleinaigne riding tliro* the Woods a 
Hunting, his Horfe's Foot ftrack into one 
of thofe hot Springs, which occafioncd 
his obferving of the Pkcc, and the Ruins 
of many Palaces adjoining, the City hav- 
ing been deftroyed by Attiky King of the 
'HiAis. He found the Place fo agreeable, 
that he btiilt it up again, and chofe it for 
jiis Refidence, conferred great Privileges 


ft34 . ^^ THEATRE of 

i>poii it^ and^ made it the Seat of the Enir- 
pire oathis Side of the.^^j;. x>rdainiiig4 
that the King of the Romans ihould be. 
<:rowned hfre with an Iron Crown, as at 
Milan with one of Silver, and at Rome 
with one of Gold, He built here a CoU 
legiate Church, dedicated to the Virgin, 
and enlarged and fortified the City ; fo 
that it ilourifhed till 882, when it was 
deftroyed by the Normans. It has fufFer-t 
cd much by Fire divers Times £nce^ and 
particularly in 1656^ when 20 Churches, 
and 5000 private Houfes were can&uned. 
The Town-Houfe is well built of Free- 
stone, having a Hall of 162 Feet long, 
and 60 broad, where the Empqrors, at 
their Coronation^ treat die Eledtors and 
other Princes* The Church of Our Ladvy 
built by Charlemaigne^ is adorned in the 
Iniide with Pillars of white Marble, and 
Brafs gilt Statues, Brafs Doors, and much 
Mo^ck Work. In the Middle o£ the 
Church, vfh^e Cbarlemaigne was buried, 
hangs a Crown of Silver and Brafs, adorn* 
cd with 16 litde. Towers, and 48 Statues 
of Silver, of about a Foot high, and 32 
which are lefler, between which ftand 
48 Candlefticks to receive the Lights burnt 
tnere upon Feftivals. . This was the Gift 
of the Emperor Frederick I, wfho took up 
the Body of Cbarkmaigne^ and buried it 


the VKESEH^T WAR. 235 

iagain in a Silver Coffin, under his own 
Tomb-Stone, which is of white Marble^ 
and faid to have been that of Julius Ca^ 
far. It has the Figure oiProferpine upon 
it. Out of this Tomb were taken a great 
many Rarities and Relicks, which tli^e faid 
Emperor had got from ji^rm King of 
Perjia, the Patriarch of Conjiantinople^ 
and others. In this Place is alfo the 
Tomb of the Emperor Otbo^ who is £dd 
to have firft conflituted the Eledors at the 
Beginning of the Xlth Century. Near this 
City ace many Mines, as Lead, Sulphur, 
Vitriol, . Iron, Co;il, jind Lapis Calaminom 
risy with which they make Brafs, or mul- 
tiply Copper in their Furnaces^ This City 
is ftill famous for its Hot Baths, which 
ate very much li^quented, and exceeding 
convenient: Three of them are within 
the Walls. The principal is called the 
Emperor'sBadi; k has five Bathing Rooms^ 
in one of which Cbarlemaigne ufed to bathe 
and fwim. Thefe Baths rife fo hot, that 
they are faid to let them cool twelve 
Hours before they ufe them. There is 
alfo a Fountain of this hot Water, much 
refort^ to, and drank of in the Sumpier, 
A little from this City, on the ofhcr Side 
of a -Hill, at a Village called Borfetty are 
many hot Springs on both Sides of a little 
Rivukt, which compofe twenty-eight 


036 ^^ ft HEAT RE if 

Baths^ whoie Springs are hotter than 2sxf 
of the City, and are reported to be cool'd 
eighteen Hours before they are ufed. Bat 
how this agrees with Reafon, I leave Phi- 
lofophers to determine. This City fiiffer- 
od much in the late Wars, being taken by 
t^ Proteflants, and retaken by Spinola in 
16 14. Several Councils have been held 
in this City ; which is alfo famous for a 
Treaty of Peace concluded there betwixt 
the French and Spaniards in 1 668, and 
for fome Negociations within every Man's 
Memory. It ftands 3 a Miles almoft W. 
«f CologMy 26 almoft £. of Uege^ and 15 
almoft N. E. of Limburg. Long. 25 D, 
36 M. Lat. 50 D. 48 M. 

IV. Zulch^ or Zulpicby Lat. Tolbiacumy 
^ ftands near 20 Miles S. W, from Cologne^ 
and is the fame that was formerly called 
fToIiiaCj famous for the Vidory won there 
in 496 by Clovisy becaufe it occafioned 
his Convwiion. 

The other Towns in yuliers are not very 
remarkable, except Grevembruck^ which 
is famous by the Defeat of the Imperialifts 
in 1648. Efkelens^ tW in the Midft of 
this Dutchy, belongs to GeUerJand^ as 
docs 2k/ich to Cologne, 


the PRESENT WAR. 237 

Dtdcby o/Behg^ of- Mo w «t 

TH E Dutchy of Berg^ or of Mons^ Bounds, 
is a fmall Cocottry upon the Rbtne^ 
betwixt the County of Mirky and the 
Archbiftioprick of Cologne. 

It abounds with excellent Com, and Quality. 
Coal Mines, and belongs to the Eleftor 

The Towns in it arc. 

Dufeldorpy Cap. 

Sobngen, . 













Bujfeldorfy the chief Town of the I- 
Dutchy of Berg, is pretty well fortified ^*-^'^'^- 
upon die Ithim. As it belongs to^ the 
Eledors PMatme, io was it &fr diief 
Refidence during the Devaflations of the 
PaJatinMe^ Wfmtk the End cxf tlie laft 
Ofidtriry. fc has its Name from tike River 
Di^a, Wfaidk ker« i^ into ike Rkme. 
'the Town is large^ pleafant^ and well 

^ built. 

«38 l^e THEATRE of 

built. It has a confid^able Trade in Corfirf 
The Eleftor's Palace, the Church of St. 
Martiriy and the Jcfuits College, are the 
moft admired^ 

The other Places in this Dutchy arc 
not coniiderable fenough to . nierit a parti^ 
cular Deicription. 

County of Mark. 
Bounds. PTp HIS County lies betwixt the t)utchy 

of JVeJipbalia to the Eaft j the 
fhoprick of Murifier to the North ; and 
the Dutchy of Berg^ or Mons^ to the Weft 
and South. 

The moft remarkable Places in k ais^^ 

Dorimundy Cap. 












I. Dortmund J Lati ^remonia^ h z Ik^, 

99rtmimJ. j-JqJj^ populous, imperial, and Hws^Toum^ 

on the River Empfer. It fbebngs now ^ 

'J : 'tile 

* * 


King of Prujpay and ftands ^4 Miles S. 
of Munjier^ and 40 almoft N. of Cologne. 

EJfen, 1 5 Miles N. E. of Duffeldorp, has "• 
a noble Nunnery, to which none but La- •^*' 
dies of the beft Defcent are admitted. 
The Natives arc reckoned excellent Arti- 
ficers in Iron, and particularly in Fire- 

The other Places here do not deferve 
a particular Defcription, nor a»e they much 
in Danger of being affofted by the prefent 

Gmnfy of Ravens burg. 

THIS County is a fmall Territory Bounds, 
that lies between the Biihopricks of 
Minden and Ofnaburg to the North and 
Weft ; that of Munjier to the South j and 
the County of Lippe to the Eaft. The 
only Place of Note here is Raverijbergy 
iituated upon a Hill, and fubje^l to the 
Eleftor of Brandenburg. We mention it 
only as Part of the Clevian Succeffion, 
and not as a Place interefted in the pre- 
fent Difputes. 

The Lordihip of Ravejiein has been 
dbready mentioned in Dutch Brabant. 


fi40 ^e TliEArAM of 

Retdrixing back again tip the Rhifte be- 
yond CoblentZj between Bopart and Ober-^ 
wefely we meet with the ftrong Fortrefs of 

nnfelden^ cm: Rhinfeldts^ whkh we omit- 
ted as we went down, becaufe it did not 
belor^ to any of the Princes whofe Terri- 
tories we defcribed. It is, howeveir,^ one 
of the moft confiderable Places for Strength 
in thefe Parts, for which Reafon we have 
given the Plan of it over our third Map 
of the Courfe of the Rhine. It (lands on a 
fteepHiU, about a Mile North oiSt.Ge^ver^ 
or St.Goar^ in the County oi Catzeneli^ogen^ 
and gives Title to a Branch of the illnftri- 
ous Family of tiejfe. The French befieg- 
ed it in 1692, but foon abandoiijed their 
Enterprize^ By the Treaty of Utrecht it 
Was confimftcd to the Landgrave of Heffe- 
Cajeh Rhinfeldts ftands 16 Mijes S. of 
CooIenfZy and 22 N. W.of Afepte. 

Still farther up, and turning off on tjie 
Left frona Manheimy we havej upon the 
Neckary the Town oiHailbrmy of ^hich^ 
for the fame Reafon of its Import^fie, and 
coming often in theWayof Arnfiie3>.wehave 
alfo infertesd a Plan, tho' it lay not difo^ly 
in our Route. This Plac? is fr-cje end im- 
perial, and of confiderable Strenglji. It 
ftinds in the Dutchy of Wirten^r^ 

the PRESENT WAR. 241 

28 N. of Stutgarty 26 S. E, of Heidelberg^ 
ahd 33 E. qi PbiUpfiurg. 

Of the Dutcby qf Lorrain; 

TH E pre^t Sitbatioa of the Aitniqs 
in Alfacey and the fuppofed Inten« 
tion of Prince Charles^ in cale he proves 
ihccefsful, makes it neceflary to fay fome- 
What of t^s Datchy, tho* no Part of it 
lies very jncv ihtRt>ine. 

Larraiffi I^baringia, fo called fromj^amc. 
Lotbarius one of the Succeflbrs of Charle^ 
maigne^ (qua;^ Lotber-'Reicbj X^ctfjariufs 
Kingdoni) is bounded op the Nojth by Bounds. 
Jjuxemiiirg and the Palatinate ; on the 
J)aft by Jlfati^i on the South by the 
Francbe^Comte 'y and on the Weft by Cham-^ 
p^igm i edEtending from North to South c:xtent. 
I9<> lyUleSy and aboyt th$ (ante from Eaft 
to WeflL It is reckoned in the Circle )f 
the Upper RJbine^ tbo' not fubjed: to ali 
the Laws qf the Empire, and thus divided: 

Zfifrain^ properly, fo called, containing the 


J^ncy^ - - - - Nancy. 
V^Wge^ - - - - Mirecour. 
V(f^drmange - - • Vaudrevange^ 

R The 

c^ ^f THEATRE of 

* m 

The Dutcby of Btfr, - Bar k Due, 
The Three Bifhopricks of 

Metz, - -? All with Capitals of thq 

r/^7 ' \ ^^c Name. 

Verdun. - - J 

The Bailiage of Nancy lies in the Midft 
of the Province of Lorrain^ and compre- 
hends thefe coniiderable Towns : 


St. Nicholas, 




, Jf- Nancy ^ Nanceium^ the Capital City of 
^^^- torraine^ is fituated in the Midft of the 
Province, near, the River Meurte:, 155 
,Miles dircdly E. from Faris^ and 20 fr<«i 
the Kiver Maei ; 45 from the Borders of 
Jilface^ and 60 from Strajburg to die W ; 
30 from Metz to the S, ami 50 from the 
Confines of Frawhe^mti to the N. It 
: is divided into the Upper or Old Town, 
. wherein flands the Duke's Palace and Ma- 
gazine, and the Lower or New Town, 
^v^hich is of larger Extent, and contains 
^ny very fine Buildings, taken into the 



City In 1587, having been bfefore only a 
Suburt>. It is adOTned with divers Churches 
and Mbnafteries^ a College of Jefuits, and 
three Gates j a Chamber of Accounts, and 
a Senefchal's Court. This Town, or ra- 
ther this City^ hath ftiftained niany Sieges, 
and been often takea j for Charles the laft 
Duke of Burgundy f took it in 1475 from 
Ren^ Duke of Lorrain j who regained it 
-again the next Year : At which Charles 
being ienraged, immediately befieged it, 
but loft both his Life and the Battle on 
.the 5th oi January following. Nancy was 
cxtreamly well fortified in 1587, during 
the Civil Wars : Ncverthelefs Lewis XIII 
made himfelf Mafter of it in 1633, and 
its Fortifications were deftroyed by Lewis 
XIV, in 1661. They were afterwards 
repaired with great Advantage, and again 
demoiifhed upon the Reftoration of the 
Dutchy to its lawfiil Sovereign, from whom 
the Ffencb King had wrdted it ThtJ 
continue at prefent in their ruinous Condi- 

St. Nicholas y Fanuin St Nicolai^ is a it 
Borough,' very pleafandy featcd on the Ri- *'* jJJ'*'" 
ver Miurte^ two Leagues above N^nty to 
^ S, and famous for the Conccmrfe of 
* Peopfe reforting tibhher to pay their De* 
votioDS at the Shrine of St. Nicholas^ fome« 

R a time 

fe44 The r HEAT RB of 

time Bifliop of Myra in Lycia^ who vigo^ 
roufly oppoiibd the Errors of AriuSy and 
aiiiiled in the General Cottncil of Nice^ 
A. C 315. 

lir. Faudem$nty Fadanus Mons^ and Valde^ 
^"^"^^ montmmy ftands on a Hill .between the 
Maei and Mofelle^ 20 Miles from Nancy 
to the S. It is a fnull Town, neverthe- 
lefs dignified with the Title of a Prin- 
cipalitity, belonging to a Branch of the 
Ducal Family, and fenced with a ftrong 

IV- Marfaly Marfaliumy is a fmall but weK 
■'^''^' fortified Town on tlie Banks of the Brook 
SeUey amidft the M^ih^s, at the DiAance 
of about z o Miles from N(mcy to the E. It 
was ced«i to Lewis XIV by the Duke in 
the k^ .Century, and has been fince con-* 
firmed by repeated Treaties. The French 
now reckon it in their Govemmo^t of the 
Three Bifhdpricks, and call it one of theii 
nine Arong Places in this Divifion. 

V' Lunelle i$ a fmall plea&nt City, 14 

been the Refidence of the Dukes of lj9r^ 
rainy and wns ib for fome Time pf tha 
Pretender iq the Reiign oii^^nAme. 


K /. 

■ ff 

' >, 

.y •■ . •- 


. » 

-• •• 

the PRESENT WAR. ^5 

jRg&r«, on the Meurie^ la Miles S. g. vi. 

of Nancy y is confiderable for Salt-Spiijig? ^-^''* 
about its Neighbourhood, 

Nomenyy on the Selky anoth^ fma}! Vil. 
Town, between Nancy and ^te, is Jk)^ ^i>«wy; 
noured with the Title of a Marquiikte. 

MoyetmCy a fmall F^CMtrefs upon th^ Vlil. 
Road, called le CbemnRoy4, whieh ^^"^''^^ 
French hold thro' L^rrain into ^face^ was 
granted to X^w/i XIV, by the Trejity of 
Munfter^ and confirmed by fubfequent 
Treaties. South of Marjal 3 3V%s.. ; 

The Bailiage of Vatige is e^en^ed pf^ 
the South Side of the Province of Lorrain^ 
and comprehends theie prracipal Towns ; 

Mirecourty Cap. I St. D/V, 
^miremont^ J ConfianSy 
Fmtenajy \ PhmbicrCg 

Epinal^ J 

Miretourty Mirecurtium^ a fno^U Town^ ix. 
but called the chief of the Bailiage, isfituated Mir^ourt. 
near thelUfe of Mounti^<w(g'^,frQm whence 
the Bailiage hath its Naipe, on the I^ivulet 
of Maiden^ which falls into the Mofelle at 
Chaligny:^ It is diftant 25 Miles from 
J^ancy to the S- about as many from Ti^xrf, 

R 3 and 

?46 ^The THBjiTkE cf 

y aad 1 5 from the Confiiies of Cbampaigne 
' ' totheE. 

X. Remiremont^ Romaricus Mom^ Romarici 
^^^' Mons^ and Romaricum Cafthumj or J^oendi 

Cafirumy is fituated on the River Mofelie^ 
at the Foot of Mount Vauge^ and remark- 
able on account of a famous Abbey of 
Nuns there. It Is diftant 6nly one League 
* from the Frontiers of the Francbe-Comt^^ 
30 Miles from Mirecourty and jo from 

Nancy to the S» E.- 


XI. Epinal is a final! Town upon the Mo^ 
^"^ ' fi^^^y 'l^g^ Midway between Mirecourt and 


• • ■ 

XII. St: Die- ftands upon the Mntrte, near 
Si. Dte. ^^ Borders of Aljace^ and in much the 

iaoie Parallel wltH &chelejiat. 

XIII. , Ccnfam is the n»ft Southerly Town 
r^'fi^^* in Lorraifiy upon the Confluence of two 

fmall Rivers, which foon after join the 

Sodne inFrancbe^ComtS, 


xiv. Phmbierei^ another fmall Town upon 
^^^**'*^'''- the Frontiei^ of Franche-^Comtiy between 
Remiremont and ConfaTis. 

/*f PRESENT WAR. ^47 

, Pdiainayi Ventenayy Fmtenaum^ a fiftall XV. 
Village, featcd on the Frontiers df the '*''• ' 
Francbe-Cmt^y about 25 Miles S. from 
Mirecaurty £udous on account of a fierce ^ 
Battle :fi)ught.near it, with a very great 
Slaughter on all Sides, between the En^ 
perof LotbariuSy Lewis King of Germany^ 
and darks the Bald^ King of France^ all 
three Brothers, A.C. 841. 

The Baiiiage of Vaudrevange^ Ballma^ 
tus Valderjmga^ takes up the North-Eaft 
Part of Lorraifiy and contains thefe Places 
m£ chief Note ; , 

Sore Louis y 





Sm-guemine^ &c« 

Sare I^yis^ Saravum Ludovia\ is a very XVI. 
ftrong Fortrcfs, on the South Side of thc^*^^*^* 
River Sare^ about 2 or 3 Miles above Faum 
drevangCy and fo called in Honour of the 
French King, Lewis XIV, who built it in 
i68o, and eftablifhed therein a Prefidial 
Court of a large Junfdi<ftion. It is diftant 
30 Miles from TrierSy 10 ^Qm Sarbruck, 
and 17 &om Hbmiurg. 

R 4 V^tudre^ 

f4$ nerHBATkgJ^fi , 

<L^^r T<?wn of the ftdliage of the iatoe Name, 
is Uke:Wi& feated oo the $arey ^o Mil^ 
from Metz to the N, E. as many fiottt 
^btonvilky and fopewhat pioife fitom 
DHx-Ponts to the N. W, It was almofl: 
ruin*d during the laft German War^ but 
hath beeii well repaired^ 

XVIII. Sirky or SircqtieSy Sirca & Stricum^ is 
^^^' watfered with the Streams of the MojeUe^ 
and defended by a ftrong FcHt, buih ^jear 
it on a Hill, and the veryBorders of the 
Dutchy of Luxemburg^ about 20 Miles 
from Metz to the N, 15 from Triers, 
to the S, W. and as rfiany from Lftxemlntrg 
to the S. E. This Town hath been ia 
the Poffeflion of the Prencb King'ever fincc 
the Year 1643. 

xrc. Vencjirange^ upon the ^are^ is a fmall 
w^nt^ Town, of fome littleSferengtbi near the 
^'"^^'^ Borders of ^>^^. 

XX. Soi'bmrgy Sernlhe^ Barv>erdeny, aatd Jdr- 

5.,;-^.«;^. guemnc, afe all of theni imall Towns, 

with intonliderable Works, that lie in a 

Line iipDn the fanile River, from which 

tiicy receive their, Nairie. 

V . - 


the !»^k£^^K¥ WAR. S49 

Bitcky at titt F(Mt of the ^M^^ Mmm^ xxi. 
^1^ U ahb^ a Fbttnft, tbit conuAands '"'^ 
tnb of the f^ti beewesn L$rhtm atad 
j(tf^^. ' • • • , 

Bwquenont a litdie bebw SarwettkHt XXii. 
japon the faitne River i&ir^, is of ibme'^'**""f 
Sb^t^gth, ind confidetaUe Miai^utnde. 

PittebMge ilands upon a finaii River, ^xiit. 
teC#keil5<rk»0^andO^eim^<r^, ^Hiich'''^'^*^ 
fonttierly gave Title to a firaiu^ of ^ 

tht Dirtchy idf fiJr;* or Barrors, Soreth* 

Jii Dtttalas^ it eMended on bbtk ^defi of 

•dib Rioter Aftii^i, fhMi line ConntiV of £«rr 

^ify to ^ Du^y dElMemktrg^ he>. 

tvtfeen Lm^ti and C&kz/it^^. Tins 

poBttryr Is divided iiito fefiaiUag*: 

\Thfe 'Bailiagts <ifBitrk Dttc^ 
The Bai(iag6 of Grtfki^ Reaurs, 
The ^lu^ oi'Baffigne, or dlir laMotbe^ 
The Bailiage of 5/. Micbely or Micbgy 
The Bailiage of Pes/ ^ Moujfotiy 
The Bailial^ ^J^ome, or (It^'mM/, 

ij(? D2<r, Bw^odtidum^ ftetds on ii xxiv. 
fifing Groand, fteair the Banks of Ae^*^''^*'- 

fUtier OmatHi and hath u dtonc Caftie 

2y> 9^^ rHEATREpf 

lor its Defence, ,at the Di^qe of about 
±o Miles from N^mcy to the W, and 5 or 
6 firom the Borders of Champaigne. This 
Town, being the Capital of the Dutchy of 
Bar^ is fair and well built, and fubjed to 
the Duke o£\Lorrain. 

V • . .... 1 

XXV. St. Mchely Fartum St. MicbofUs, is fitu- 
^'•^^^'ated on the Eaft Side of the River Maes^ 

ahnoft in the Midft between 7oul tp the 
S, and J^erhn to the N, and 20 Miles 
hattkBarleDucXo^tT^i.^. It hath been 
fcr fome Time a very copfiderable^Tovn, 
and is at prefent the Seat of the Parliament 
of Barrpis. It.was taken \fy I^ewh XHI, 
in the Month oi'June^ A. i).,j6^z^ and 
a^erward refigned tp dje puke of Lorrain 
by the Teaty of JJvurdin : Nc^rerthebfs 
the fame French Kipg made'hirofelf Ma- 
iler of it a fecood Time in 162^, when 
the Inhabitants revolted againft his Garri- 
fon, but were at length conftrained to fur- 
render at Difaerion. :It was again, with 
the reft of the Dutchy, reftpred to the 

XXVI. Pont a Moufon^ Mujfipontum^ is feated 
w""^"* on both Sides of the River Mofelle^ near 
^''-^'^- the Ruins of the.Oiftle of Mmfon, 

from whence it took its Name, at the 
Diftance of 17 or 18 Miles ivom Nancy to 


the PRESENT WAR. 251 

flic N, \owards Metz^ arid almaft as many 
from St. Michel to the E. It is a vciy 
fair Town, but deftitute of Walls, digni- 
fied with the Title of a Marquiflite, and 
adorned with two Abbies, divers ftately 
Churches, and an Univerfity founded in 
the Year 1573, by Charles Cardinal of 
Xtorrairiy who gave it to the Jefuits for the 
teaching of Divinity, Philofophy, and the 
Learned Languages : Afterwards the Duke 
of Lorrain dlablifhed certain Profeflbrs of 
Law and Phyfick, and Pope Gregory XIII 
added a Semmary for the Scotch Nation. 

Longwy is a flrong Town of the Dutchy xxvir. 
of -B^r, in the Bailiage of St. Michel, and ^"^^^ 
upon the Borders of Luoiemburg. It llands 
upon an Eminence, bounded on the Eaft 
and South by a Precipice. It a regular 
Hexagon, fortified with Half-Moons, Baf. 
tions, and Ravclines. It was taken by the 
French in 1646, and afterwards fortified 
by Lewis XIV in the prefent Marnier, 
which makes it pafs for one of the ftrong 
Places of French Lorrain. It is diftant 
about 24 Miles firom Thionvilky and 6 from 

The Three Bifliopricks, Tres Epifcopa-^ 
tuSy form^ as it were, an equilateral 


2SZ ^tbe THEj4TRB tf 

Triangle in the Northern and Wcflbcra 
Parts of horrain^ The chief Cities are 

XXVIII. }J[etz, Met€e& Metenjis Vrhs, dim 
Metz. j)i^^^f.^f^ (^ Mediomatrices^ is feated oa 

the . Confluence of the Rivers Seijle and 
Mofelky in a very fruitful Country, at the 
Diftance of 30 Miles ^rom Nancy to the 
Nj 1 7 from Udonville to the S, 30 from 
Verdun to the E^ and. 156 E» homParis. 
It was heretofore the Metropolis of the aa- 
tient People n^jx)^ MediomftriceSy asaifo 
afterward of the j^ingdom of Ju/irafia^ 
under the firft Race of the Frenfb Mo^ 
narchs 1 and is at p^fent the capital City 
of the Country 01 Mejfin^ (Jkhified with 
an Epifcopal See, under tne Metropolitan 
of ^iers. The Blifhop is Ailed Prmpe cfcf 
the Empire 5 and the^athedral}. dedicated 
to St. Stephen^ is an antient and iioble Pile 
of Building, wherein are to be i^n nuny 
Curiofities, particularly a Font, made of 
one entire Piece of J?orphyry, . ten J^eet 
lon^. The whole Diocefe i^ divided into 
four Archdeaconries, cojnprehending fix 
hundred and twenty-ihrec Pariihes, wnere- 
bf fixteen are included within the Walls 
of Metz. There are alfo feven Abbics 
for Nuns, divers other Religious Hoii^s, 
a College of Jefoits, C?r, This. City ha4 
been for a long Time imperial and free^ 


the PRESENT WAR. 25^ 

teitil it was taken in 15x2 by the Gon*- 
Aable of MMtmorency^ General under the 
French King, Henry II, who caufed it to 
be fbrdiied with a Citadel and other Bul- 
waiis ; by which it was made fo ftrong, 
that the Emperor Cbarks V, having in- 
yefted it in me iame Year, was compel* 
led to raife the Siege, This City is 
the Seat of a Bailiage, and of a Coiut ti£ 
Parliament, eftabliihed by J^im XIIL 


Toul^ Tuikm^ or Tu&im Leucarum^ h xxix. 
(eated on the River Mo/el/e^ in a fotile ^'^• 
Soil, as ate all the Towns of this Province, 
at the Difbince of 30 Miles from Mefz to 
the S, 13 from Nancy to the W, and 27 
from Bar le Due to the E. It was con-, 
flituted an imperial and fi-ee City by the 
Emperor JH^Tzr^ I, but fdl iiAo thePofleA 
fion of the French King iti 1552. It is 
Capital of the Country c^ the fame 
Name, the See of a Prefete, Suf&agan to 
the Archbiihop of Trsersy and the Seat 
"^ of a Bailiwick : Its Diocefe is very large, 
and contains a great Number of Ab- 
and Convents. 

Verdutty Verodonum & Firodummj a xx: 
very antient City, and one of the largeft ^'^"^^ 
of Lorrmn^ is feated upon die Ri^^ 
Mae^y whidi these divi<ung its Stream, 


«54 "^^ irHEATREZof 

fyms divers fmall JUlands, which- do not 
a Utde contribute, to its Advantage : It is 
fortified with a -Citadel and other regdsBT 
Works, and honoured with an Epiicopal 
See, depending on the Metropolitan of 
triers. The Cathedral Church, dedicat-^ 
ed to the Virgin Mary^ hath a confidera^ 
ble Chapter, from whence have proceeded 
divers iUuftrious Prelates, who are ufually 
ftilcd Counts of Verdufiy and Princes of 
the Sacred Empire, This City hath been 
alio imperial and free, but was taken by 
iiiXtFrencb^ together with the other Bifhop* 
ticks, under Henry lly A^ D, 1552, and 
is at pre&nt the Capital c^a Baili^e. It 
ftands 30 Miles W. of Mentz^ andibale^ 
thing nM)rc N. W» of I'oul. 

. As thefe three Biihoprlcks, with the 
other Towns we have mentioned, belong 
entirely to the Grown of France^ we may 
fay, that all the reft of the Dutchy virtit^ 
ally does fa ever fince the Year 1736, 
when it was given to JCing Stamjlausy 
Father-in-LawofXfiewXV, during Life, 
and upon his I>eath to be incorpocated 
with the French Monarchy, In Exchange 
fcr this the reigning Duke, Francis-Ste^ 
pben^ was obliged to accept of the Grasd 
/I^utchy of T^ufcany^ upon the Extin&ion 
ojf the Family Z>^ Mediate But ts Cqi>' 


the PRtSENf war: 055 

ceffions extorted by Power arc never bm4^ 
kig when the Party aggrieved is able to re- 
^daim them, we may expetft the Brother 
ofthis Prince,' the galiant young Cbarks^ 
win make a Fufh this Way, in cafe the 
Army he commands continues vi^orious 
in J^face^ and is not recalled to oppofean 
Enemy in the Empire. 

At the Time of writing this thettf is 
great Probability that thefe Expeditions 
will not be difappointed, his Serene High- 
nds, idter pailing the Hhine without Lofs, 
qnd in a Manner that muft do Honour 
to the moft experienced General, having ia 
a (iciott Time overHnn moft of the Lower 
jiljaceydnven theEnemy from feveral Lines, 
and made himfelf Mafter of Lauterburg^ 
Wetjfemburgy Haguenau^ and many other 
Places of &>niideration. He alio bids fair 
for the taking of Fart Ltmis^ which will 
fecore him a Paflage over the Bbine at 
Pleafifi-f^ As' to LandaUy 2nd even Strafe 
burgy tb^re is no doubt but they muftfall 
of courfe in a fliort Time, if he can bot 
remain Mafter of the Field. But the 
French King having now turned his maxn 
Strength (which during the fbnner Pait 
of the Camp^gn ov»-awed the Allies, 
and covered his Conquefb in Flanders) 
thatWay^ and being alio gone to command 
Army in Pcrfon, we may expefl: very 


^ttF»prdjnary Efforts to bs va^ie, the 
Event of which icmaihs at pre&nt galy 
IP tjv 3rcafi of Provideocc In the taw\ 
Time it is a Satisfeftioo to obftryc, that 
the Ala^B LewisX^ hsB fqc^vdoi^ the 
.^m>, has not oAly fiopp'ii h^ Cvxtf ifi( 
^ ^tbfrl4ndsj which he thccaten'il ajr^ 
nioft to fwallow before Winter, hat given 
^e Allies an C^portunity to tfm t]ie Ta- 
bles npon hiniy aind qiuitqr <on b^s Do^ 
minionEs while his Anny is cpntcj^t ta 
tnift fipr Security t« R^«i |p4 ^^JttRaodi* 


f I N I S.' 




Art ^Fortification. 


Dnu^hts of aU die Common Works ufed 
ioMii-iTARY Architecture, and of 
the Machines and Uteniils employed in 
Attacks and Defences j 


Brief REfBRSircEa for thdr Ejqilanadon. 


Military DicxioNARr, 

L N O O N: 
Printed ibr and Sold by John Bkikolky, Book- 
fcOer to hit Royal Highneri the Prince of /^^^ 
at the Ftethtrt in Nno-B'^nd Strttt. 






FORTIFICATION is defined the 
Art of applying the Dodtrine of Plain 
Trigonometry to the Calculation of the 
Lines, Si^, and Angles of a Fort of any 
Figure, regular <»* irregular, in order to 
fecure and defend the Place To fortified, 
E^ainft the Attacks of an Enemy. It is 
better taught by Reprefentation than by 
Difcourfe^and there6>re ^e have laid down 
all the Parts of it in the two Cuts hereto 
annexed ; in the firft upon a Plane, and 
in the iccond by an Orthographical SeiEUon, 
or Profile, which are explaii^ acccording 
to the References, and more fiilly under 
the refpedive Articles in the fub&queat 
Diftionary: To thefe therefore we recom- 
mend our Reader for whatever might be 
farther expcfted in this Place, by Way of 
Introdudlory Difcourfe: Particularly in 
^ Words Fortifcation and Maxim. 

a z Exp LAW 

• • 


Explanation of the References in toe 
Plates ©/"FoxTipicATioNs and At- 
tacks, end Miljta&v Utensils. 

A. n^HE Towtty an Lregtdar Fiartifi' 
-^ cation, 

B. ^e Citadel, a Regular Pentagon, 

D. Atrvum fPbri, 
£. A Single tenaiUe, 

F. 4 Double TewfiJfe, 

G. A PrieJ^i Bonnet.. • \ 
If. A Swaffow^s Tail. " . 

' i. A Ciunter'Gu^d. 
%, .4Raveliiie. 

L. Am^J^pon^ • :, - 

M. "Two Lunettes. ' . ■ .. t 

N. "N. T^»«/fe[ »« the Foji^ . ' , . . : 

p. jf i&r/^ SJ^e. 

P. A Bonnet. .... 

Qj_^ Regutar iBaJlim. 

R. ^« ^regular Ba^n. 

S] A Deform' d Bafiqn. 

y. A Demi Bajiion. 

W. A Retrenchment. . 

X. -^ Retiraie, 

V. Rtddnit or hderit^dU^orh. 

Z. -/f« Envelope t . <r 5;7fo;i, 

a.b! the hterior Poligone. 


mthf ?L, ATE 3,1 

c. d. The Exterior PoUsMI/t* 

e.g. AFUmk, 

eg. AFace, 

c. h. The Gorge. . 

£ c. g. Angle of the Qfrtk^. 

•f-g'C? As^le <f u>e Sboitl4er^ ^ 

g. c. i. 7%^ Flanked Angle. 

SL.h.k. Angle of the PtfUgwie* 

1. m. d. -4«^iif 2^ ^'ft^ T«^4^. 

e.^,. him ^ Defence Sa^nf, Line of Defence Ficbant, 

fe. z. ^^ Second FM. 

r. c. TiB^ Capital. 

p. Cazemates. 

q. Orillons. 

o. ^ Shoulder, 

r. A Cavalier. 

0. APlatfrrm, 
t ACoffre.^ 
s. ^ Capomere. , 

u. ^ Traverfe. -^ : . 

V. 7^ C3«»r/ IPiy, «»/ CwHterfcarf. 

y. 7%^ Advance Fofs, Ditch or Moat, 

1. Lines of GrcwHfoalla^iMt* 

2. X/nM ofContrvwUatio^. 
'^. Fart of the Camp. 

4. Ptfrifc of Artillery. * . . 

5. ^iM%^<»'** "... 

6. IZi/fe^ 



L Rifing Grounds. 

7. Opening of the Trencbei, by tik AAho^ 

tage of the Ri/ing Grounds, 

8. Epaulement, 

9. Jttack on the Right 

10. Attack on the Left. 

11. Parallek^ l^ines of Cmtnumcation^ or 

Boyavfs^ - . . 

12. Likewife BoyauU. 
1%. Places of :Ayns. 

14. Batteries for difmountsng tbtBnemf^ 


1 5. Breach Batteries. . 
i6. Mortar Batteries, 

17. Coehom Motors, 

18. ASapp, 

19. ^ Lodgment. 

20. Mines. ^ • 

21. ^raverfee to pafs the Foft, 

22. Lodgments on the Works. • . - — 
{^3. -rf Powder Chamber, • ^ - 
?4. ,4 jBom^ QhanAer, 

« • > •. 

Military UxEKsiiis, 

* « •. 

»5. Faci/tesy or Faggots. 

26. Earth Barrels fiUd^ 

27. -/< ifer/^, -» 

28. AHerJilhn. - 

?9' -AWe^eforpinting the Camon, 


to /if PLATE d. 

30. Pincers^ for putting red-hot BsUinU 

the Cannoftt 

31. jiHairy Drag. 

32. ^ Lint/iock, tojire the Camm, 

33. A Wormy to draw the Shot. 

34. A Gunner's Hammer. 

35. A Drag far cleamng the Camm. 

36. A Shemeltofttr the Pow(kr with. 

37. An Iron Crow. 
30. A Cannon Rammer. 

39. Jbtftrument to ^ in the Pmoder. 

40. uuttrid Stakes toftop up Pajfes, 

Military UxEHSits, Plate II. 

i< A Cheval de Prize nuunted. 
z, A Cheval fitted with Pireworks. 

3. A Barrel with Pireworks. 

4. Bf^ne for lifting heavy Baggage^ &c, 

5. Phating Bri^e^ to crofs a wet Ditch, 

6. Madrierfor carrying on Approaches, 

7. An Pingtneef's Level, 

8. Qrofs-Bar Buttets. 

9. Oofs-Bar Half-BaUs. 

10. Qiained BaUs. 

1 1. A Miner's hftruments, to makg Boles 

in RockSy &c. 

12. Gate with Orgues. 

13. Gate with a Herfe, or Portcullis. 

14. 'A little CraB^ to raife Canmky Cfc 

15, AChiorette^ w Crab. 

l6* Another Qrab^ to file (SatOm ehthUr 

Garrtagef. • • 

17, ACaffiane^ er Crane. % 

1%. A Scaling Ladder. 

19. BMfdfir taking of Ffatt. 

20. AOdhim. 

21. ADoffer. 

22. A Bag of Earth. 

23. Gallery y ninth a Cohering ofOabims^ 

24. C/aryf J, ^ IJkrdles. 

25. AFetrard^ with its Madrier. 
26* ACbandelifr. . 

27. Caltrops J or Crows ^eeK 

2o« «/f C^m^^ M /Vi Stocks. . 

29* ^ Aforiar on its Stocks^ 

30% Bombs. 

31. A Hollow ^uSt^t. ^^ * •^ 

34, A C^own Firework^ tf CMn wHb t 

33; AnAimProniki. 
34» Grenades. 
3 J. Sacks of Earth fof^thi^e/l^t 

36. ^ G7«w« OT ?ft 5/(?ir^ anaua^'i^e. 

37. G/*/« /(^ /(^ FiJ^i- SHd^t,' vr 

Boots, ^c. ^ 

38 Beriffons. 

39. Pw^ f^ jifeof tff Rejoicingi. 

40. Cafcq^es. 

41 1 lif Casjbnj with its Lid and SauciJ^e. 



^ the PLATES. 

42. A Bridge of Boats. 

43. Flying Bridge of Ck>mmunication. 

44. Floating Bridge upon Cajks. 

45. Corbeilks^ or little Baskets. 
^6. Fire^pot full of Fireworks. 

An Orthographical Seftlon of all the com*" 
mon Works, for the better undcrftand- 
ing of the Plan. 

t^ ID. Level of the Plan. 
lyZ. Bafe of the Rampart. 

4. 5. The Faujfe Braye. 

4,4. Space of the Faujfe Braye. 
4, 5. B^j/J tf the Parapet o^ /i&^ Fauje 

5. 6. 91&^ Berme^ or Foreland. 
6, 7* Breadth of the Ditch. 
7, 9. il>e QoFoert'Way. 

29, 10. ^T&f Glacis. 

3, 4. Breadth of the Banquet of the Faujfe 

Braye. • 
8, 9. Breadth of the Banquet of the Covert 

1, 19,2, 26. Height of the Bampart. 
19,20. hward Talus of the Rampart, 
zhj 30. OutwardTalus of the Rampart. 
22, 30. Bajkof the Parapet. 
22, 23. £fe^i&/ of the Parapet. 
22, 25, GiiwV gj^ /^ Parapet. 

b 22, 

22, o. l^gbt of the Banquet. 
24, o. Height above the Banquet. 
4, 27. Height of the Banquet of the Fauffe 

27, 28. Glacis of the "Fauffe Braye. \ 

6. 1 1. 7, 16. Depth of the Ditch. 
II, 12. ic, 16. Talus of the Ditcb. 

6. 12. TbeEfcarpe, 

7, 1 5. 7^^ Counterfcarpe. 
13, 14. Breadth rf the Cuvette. 
17, 18. Ttf/oj ^/Af Cuvette. 
9, 29. Depth^ the Covert Way. 
20,21. 'TheTerre Plain, or the I^evei of 
the Rampart. 


r'i -J 

Military Didionary. 


aOJVTJNT, the fame m 

^J Aid Mcjer, which Word 

confult. TheformerName 

is moft ufed in England, the !at- 

ler abroad. 

Ad-vaKc'dTtiJfe. A Moat round 
the Glaca, or ETplBiuule of a 
Place, to prevent a Surprize, 
Sec Avant Tii^t. 

Advanc'd Uuard. See GmotJ. 

Aid di Cemf. An Officer al- 
ways following one of the Ge- 
nerals ; that is, the Field Mar- 
Ihal, GeocTal in Chief, Lieute- 
nant General, oiMajor General, 
to receive and cany their Or- 
ders, at Occafion requirei. When 
the King ii in the Field, he ap- 

A I 

points young Gentlemen of Note 
to carry his Ordcn, and they are 
called the King'i Aids dt Caa^. 
A LicD tenant General has two 
Aidi de Camf, and a Major Ge- 
neral one. 

Aid Majar, or Ai^Mtata. An 
Officer who enfes the Major of 
Part of the B.;rrhen of hisl>nty, 
and performs it all in his Ah-' 
fence. He receives Orders from 
the Major, and delivers them to 
the Serjeants in aRingi appoints 
Detachments for Convoys, placea 
the Guard), dijlributei Ainmu- 
nition, tiTc. Some Majors have 
feveral Aidi Majari. Each 
Troop of Guards has but vat 
b 2 Major, 

A I 

Mljor, who kas two Jids Ma- 
jors, Every fortified Place has 
hu one Major, who has snore 
«r fewer ^ids Majorf under him, 
according to its Signefs Every 
BegimcDt of Foot ha« as many 
JUt M.^jcn as it contains Batta- 
lions. When a Battalion is 
drawn up, the Aid Mfjor't Poft 
is on the Left, beyond all the 
Captains, and bchuid the Lieu- 
tenant Colond. 

Aim Frontlet, An Engineer*s 
Machii»e, wheacby he levels and 
dirofts his Cannon, 

Alarpt^ fometimes falfely writ 
Alarum^ is a fudden Apprehen- 
fion upon fome Report, which 
makes Men run to their Arms to 
fiand upon their Guard. Falfe 
Alarms are when they are taken 
upon falfe Reports, occaiioned 
by a fearfal or negligent Centi- 
Tel \ or they are given by the 
Enemy, only to keep their Ad-^ 
verfaries from Reft, or other- 
wife to deceive them ; or fome- 
times by a vigilant OfHcer, to 
try if the Guaid^ are ftri& upon 

Alarm Pvfl. . The Ground 

S pointed by the Quarter Maftier 
eneral for each Regiment to 
march to, in Cafe of an Alarm. 
AvilhfcadCf or Ahila^. A 
Body of N'-en that lie conceal- 
ed in A Wood, or other conve- 
nient Place, to furpri?.e or en- 
dofe an Enemy, iofall into an 
Amhvjh ; To difiover an Amhufo ; 
71? di^jeat anAmhuPn j are Phrafes 
ufcd on Accoui^ of thefe Par- 


AmhUgm. AnAm^cfmmm 
than 90 Deg;tet$, or oboife An«- 

AmmmtitioM. Implies all Sorta 
of Wariike Stores^ bot more 
pardcolarly Powder and Bait 

AmmumtwnBrtad. The Bread 
that is provided ibr, and diftri« 
buted to the Soldiers. The ufoal 
Allowance is a Loaf of fix Potmib 
to every Soldier* once in Ibiif 

AngU^ As a Geometrical 
Term in genemlp £gnifies tfe 
meeting of twol^es* and tosch- 
ing one another in the iame 
Plain ; yet not lying in the £uno 
ftrait DtredioD* but fo, that if 
prolong'dy they wonld cut one 
ahotheri and fo form anotkcr 
Angle upon the Back of th< 

A Right An^ is formed by « 
Line falling perpcndiculady up- 
on another^ and the Meafure of 
this Angle is always 90 De-* 

Ah Acuti Angh, - That whick 
is (harp, and lefs open than the 
right Angle, in \Meafure under 
90 Degrees. 

AnOhtvfeAnglt^ That which 
is blunt, and more open than a 
right Angle 2 the fame as Am- 

An Angle Re&iBntar is made 
by ilrait Lines* tt) diflinguiih it 
from the Spherical* or Curvili- 

Angle <?/ the Cmter. In For- 
tification, is that which is form- 
ed in the Midfl of the Polygon^ 
or Figure, by two Lines po- 



maedrng ftomL the Center, and 
tenninatiog at tlie two neareft 
Angles of the Polygon, 
^ Angk of tig CurtiXf or jfngle 
^ the Flank. That which is 
madeby, and contsun'd between 
the Curtin and dte Flank. 

AngU of the Polygon. That 
which is made by the Meeting 
^ the two Sides of the Pofyg0t, 
or Figure, in thp Center of the 

Jngle of the Triangle. Half 
the Anele of the Pofygon. 

Anguofthe Baftion^ or Flanked 
Angle. That wlkich is made hy 
tiie two Faces, being the utmoft 
Part of the Bafbon, moil ex^ 
pofed to the Enemies Batteries, 
mid called the Point of the Baf* 

Angle dimimfil^d. Only ufed 
by the Duttb Engineers, and 
compsfed by the Face of the 
Baftion, and the exterior Side of 
jhe Polygon. 

Angle of the Shoulder^ or Epaui 
k. FormM by one Face and one 
Flank of the Baftion. 

Angle of the Flank. "Vide An* 
gle <f the Curtin p 

Angle of the Tenaille, Or out- 
ward Flanking Angle^ called alfo 
Angle-mart^ or Dead AngU ^ An- 
gle Rentrant^ or Angle Inwards. 
Made by two Lines Bchant^ that 
is, the Faces c£ the two Bi^ionai 
extended *till they ineet in an 
Angle towards the Curtin, and 
is that which always carries its 
Point towards the Work. 

Angle forming the Face, is the 
inward Angle, compo&dofono 


^An^firmikgthtFlhitk. }sfyii 

by the Flank, and thiit Part of. 
the Side of the F-d^gon, whfeli' 
runs from the faid Flank to tlid 
Angle of the Polygon, kni if pro^ 
traded crofles the Baflion. 

Angle 9f the Mohit, i$ formed 
before the Center of the Curtin i 
by the outward Line of the Moat 

Flanked Angle, or Point of the 
Baflion. See Angle pf the Baf- 

Angle Saillant, Sortant,' or 
Sallying Angle. That which 
thrufb out its Point fi'om the 
Work towards the Country. 
Such is the Angle of theCounter- 
fcarp before the Point of a Baf- 

Angle Rentrant, or Entering 
Angle. An Angfe pointing in* 
wards, as the Saillant does out- 
wards. Such is the Angle of 
the Counterfcarp before tho 

hwuard Flanking Angle; That 
which is made bf the Flanking 
Line, and the Curtin. * 

Angle of the Omnterfcenrf. 
Made by two Sides of the iUoun- 
terfcarp befort the WMk of the 

AngUt of a BattaHen* Made 
bv the laft Men at the Ends of 
tne Ranks and Files. ' 

Fhmt Angles. The two laA 
Men of the Front Rank. * 

Rear Angles. The 'two laft 
Men of the Rear Rank . 

Anj^fade. See Lan/^fade. 

Anteflature. ' A imail- Re.* 
trenehment, haftily made with 


A P 

MHUbe^ Oabions^ or Sags of 
Earth, wherewith Men cover 
themfelres fiuitdenl^, to cSiipute 
the reft of the Ground, whei^ 
t|ie Enemy las gained Part. 

JpfrintL A Foot Sddier. 
who, for htf long Service ana 
cxtraordinaiy Braveiy, receives 
Pay above the private Centinels, 
and ezpeds to be advanced. This 
is in France onlv, we having no 
fnch in England. 

Affroaches, All the Works 
that are carried on towards a 
Place that is befieged; as the 
Trenches, Epaulments withont 
Trenches, Redoabts, Places of 
Armsi Sappe, Galleries, and 
Lodgments. See tbcfe W^rds in 
thnrfrvitalTlacts. Approaches 
«j/&J^f«^ Attacks. 

Jt'mjpeit ttammn. Branchy 
Rowrn^ or GalUtj of a Mme. 

Jtna. The foperfidal Con- 
tent of any^ Rampart, or other 

Jrmy. A nomerood Body of 
Troops, - confining of HoHe, 
Foot, and l^ragoons, cominand- 
cd by a General, and divided 
into Brigades. See fVings^ Cen^ 

fhhg dmr^f or Ffying Camf. 

Arms^ Place of. See Pldci. 

Arfaml, or MegaKtne. A 
Place appointed for making and 
keeping of all Kind of Warlike 


AtiOkfy. All Sorts of great 
Guns, Mortars, Petards, and 
the like. - The Tram of ArtU- 

A T 

lery tnclodes all Sorts of Waf*' 
like Stores. There is a Comp*- 
troller, and very many .other 
Officers belongmg to the Artil. 
lery ; befides Conduflors, Bom^ 
bardiers. Gunners, Matrofles^ 
Pioneers, Pontoon -men. Car- 
penters, Whedwrights, Smiths, 
Coopers, Tinmen, and Collar- 
makers. See Cannon. 

Artillery Park. See Park. 
AJjfauIt^ OT Storm. The Ef- 
fort Men maite, and the F^ht 
they engage iA, to become Ma- 
ilers of a Poft, and gain it by 
main Force, driving the Defen- 
dants from it. and expoiing their 
Bodies, for this Farpofe, to the 
Fire of the Befieged, without 
the Defence of any Works. An 
Ailault is generally made by 
the Regiments that guard the 
Trenches, fuftained by Detach- 
ments from the Army* WhiHET 
it lafts, and both Patties are*" 
mixed, there is no Danger of the - 
Canaon on dthor-Side, becaule • 
both are afnud of deflrqying their • 
own Men among, the Enemies. 
The Phmfes the Word is oied 
in are } To ghve em Jffemlt i 7# 
he co mman ded to the Affanit : To" - 
fiandto an AJffault : ^lofecondthe 
Affienh : To refidpt an ^anlt : To 
carry by AJfamlt. 

To AJfanky or Stome. Vide 
To hfiUt. 

AJ^mbly. The fecond Beat 
of Drum before si March, at 
which they ftrdce and roll up . 
their Tents, and (land to their 

Attack. The General4ffiiQltr 


A T 

or Onfct, that » given to gain 
a toSt, or upon any Body of 

Attack rf a Siege, ThcWorJca 
the fiefiegers cany on> either 
Trenches, Galleries, Sappes, or 
Breaches, to reduce a Place, on 
any of its Sides. Moft common- 
ly two Attadcs are carried on 
againft one iame Teiiailley or 
Front of a Pkce, with Lines of 
Coaunnnication between them. 

talfe Jnaekt are not carried 
on with fuch. Vigour as true, 
not being intended to do the 
fame Med, bat only to give a 
Diveriion to the Befieged, di- 
vide the OarrifoQ^ and favour 

B A 

the real Attack ; andvccfom^* 
times the faHe Attack nas prov- 
ed as fucceisful as the rnl, 

Repdar^ or t^roif Attacks. 
Thoie which are carried on lo 
FonDt according to Hules of 

Afvant Tojfe^ or Ditch of tho 
Coonterfcarp, next the Cam« 
paign, at the Foot of the Gladk 
Engineers do not approve of it, 
where there is a roffibility of 
draining it, becaafe then it it a 
Trench ready made for the Be- 
fiegen, to defend themfdves a- 
gainft the SaUies of the Befio|« 
ed I and befides, it obftru^sw 
throwing of Succours into tho 


J>ACULE. A Gate made 
^ like a Pitfall, with aCoim- 
terpoife before the Advanced 
Guards, near the Gate, which 
u fupported with Stakes. 

Baggage Waggms* Thofe in 
Mikh the Offitersand Regiments 
Baggage i» carried. Before a 
March they are appointed « 
Rendezvous, and are maiihall'd 
by the WaggOA*maftQ' General^ 
according to the Rank the Regi- 
jttents have in an Aiaiy. Out 
Maich thiqr fomethnes foUow 
their refnedive Columns of the 
Amy, iomodncs the Artillefy, 
and Ibmathnet make a Column 
of themiUvev. The General'* 
Bafgag^ is fiift. irthe Amgr 
JttMck%»m thaRight, theBiq(- 

^age of that Wing has thoVaft^ 
if irom the Left, the Bannge 
ofthe Left hat the Van. uSh 
Waggan has a Flag» to ihtw 
to what Rcgune^ it hdoQ0B» 
Beigi. Vide Ummas Sa^^ 
Bamm^. See Biymet. 
BaU, Vide BalUi aad Avv* 

Bm, A Prodamatkm made 
at tfaeHcad of aBqdy ofTioop^ 
or in the feveral Quarters ofAc 
Army, by Sound of Tnm^c^ 
or Beat U Dnun, ekher for oh* 
fervjng of Maoial Difcipline, ok 
for dadving a new Officer, or 

puniihing a Soldier, or 

Bamle/ieri, Little Woodea 
Caib covered widi Leather, oi 
whidi every Muiketeet ufal to 

B A 

wear 12 laogiAg on a Shoulikr 
tdt, or Colkr : Each of them 
.contained the Charge of Powder 
for a Mttfket. But they are not 
ttfed noWy the Foot Soldier 
wearing a Leathern Pouch to a 
Broad Belt. 

BomIs. Bodies of Foot pro- 
perly, as the French .formerly 
called all their Infantry, Batiis 
trancmjii* In England theWord 
is ftill ufed, the Militia being 
called the Trained Bands: As 
alfo for the Band of Penfioners, a 
Coknpany of Gentlemen attend- 
ing the King's Perfon upon fo- 
lemn Occafions. 

Banquette, Vide Footbank, 

Barrack. A Hut, like a lit- 
tle Cottage, for ^Idiers to lie 
in the Camp. Qnce only thofe 
of the Horfe were called Bar- 
racks, and thofe of the Foot 
Huts I -but now the Name is in- 
diiFcrently given to both Thefe 
are made, either when the Sol- 
diers have not Tents, or when 
kn Army lies long in a Place in 
IhuI Weather ; becaxife they keep 
ont Cold, Heat, of Rain, better 
than TentSi and are otherwife 
more commodioos. They are 
generally made by fixing four 
S)rked Poles in the Ground, lay- 
ing four others a-crofs them, 
and buildmg the Walk with 
Wattles, Sods, or fuch as the 
Place affords. The Top is ei- 
ther thatch*d, or coverM with 
Planks, or fometimes with Turf. 

Barhi. To fire M Barbe^ 
h to fire the Cannon over the 
parapet, ' inftead of putting it 

B A 

thfoagk EwArmKur4$. To lf# 
thus, the Parapet muft be b«c 
three Foot and a half hkii. 

B^yn, or Berm, Vide Are- 

Barricade. A Fence made of 

Barrels, filled with y-ar»K^ 
ferve to make Parapets to cover 
the Men, like the Gabions, and 
Canvas Bags. 

Thundering Barrels are fiJled 
with Bombs, Grenades, and 
other Fireworks, to be rolled 
down a Breach. 

Ba/e^ or Bafis. The Level 
Line on which any Work ftands, 
that is even with the Ground, 
or other Work on which it is 
ere6led. Thus the Bafe of a 
Parapet is the Rampart. 

ji ^iz/^&;ntfies alfo the final- 
left Piece ofCannon, carrying a 
Ball but of five Ounces. 

^o/f-ri^ofaCannon. The 
great Aing next to aoid behind 
the Touch-hole. 

Bajkefs, or Corieilles, are nfed 
to fill with Earth, and placed 
one by another ,npon a Parapet, 
to cover the Men from the nne- 
my*s Shot. They are wider at 
the Top than at the Bottom, 
that there may be Space between 
them below for the Men to fire 
thro* upon the Enemy. They 
are generally a Foot and a half 
high, as much broad at Top, 
and eight or ten Inches at Bot- 

Baji inceinti, or Baje Em- 
elo/ure. T\U fiune ai Femfi 


B A 

Bapion, A great Work of 
Ifearth, fometiraes fac'd or lih*d 
with Stone, or Brick, and fome- 
times with Sods, generally ad- 
. yancing before an Angle of the 
Polygon towards the Campaign. 
TheLines terminating it are two 
l^ac^s, two Flanks, and twm Dc- 
migorges. The Union of the 
two Faces makes the outmoft 
Angle, caird The Angle af the 
Baftion. The Union of the two 
•^aces to the two Flanks, makes 
the SicicAngles, called the Shoul- 
ders or EfmUes ; and the Union 
of the two other £nds of the 
Flanks to the twpCurtins, forms 
the Angles of Ihe Flanks. 
\ A Bafiiori Compos'J^ is when 
the two Sides of t&e interior Po* 
lygon are very unequal, which 
makes the Gorges alfo unequal. 

A Bafiion cut off *witb a Te- 
fUttJie, in pyench, Safiion coup^^ 
pv Bafiion a Tenailjey is that 
whofe t^oint is ait off, and makes 
an Angle inwards, and two 
Points outwards, that is a TVr 
maille. This is done when Wa- 
ter, or any other Accident, hin- 
ders carrying on the BaiUon to 
its full Extent. 

A Bafiion defornCd. That 
which wants one of the Demi- 
corges, ' bccaufc one Side of the 
interior: Polygon is fo very (hort. 

A Demi Bafiion. Has but one 
Pace and Flank^ and is ufually 
before a Horn-work, or Crown'- 
Work. It is alfo call'd viEfaui- 

■' A Bafiion detach* d^ or cut off. 
That which is feparated from 
Ihe Body of the Work. It dif- 
fers from a Half Moon, whofe 
Rampart and parapet are not fo 

B A 

high and thick as the Body of tie 

A Dcuhie Bafiion^ is rais'd on 
the Plain of the great Baftion, 
and has another Baftion built 
highfer, leaving 12 or 18 Feet 
between the Parapet of the low- • 
er, and the Foot of the higher. 
It isfometimes in the Nature of 
a Cavalier. 

A Hollmv^ or frndedSafiitm, 
m French, Bssfiion Fuide, or 
Cteux, has only a Rampart and 
Parapet about its Flanks and 
Faces, leaving an empty Space 
towards the Center, and the 
Earth foloW) that when an E- 
nemy is once lodg'don theRam- 
part, there is no making a R#« 
trenchment towards the Centre^ 
but what win be under the Fire 
of the Befiegers. 

A Plater Flat Bafiion. If the 
Diftancc between the Angles of 
the interior Polygon be double 
the ufual Length, then a Baftioa 
is made in the middle Lefore the 
Curtin or ftrait Line ; whereas 
the others are generally before 
the Angles : And this is caird 
a Plat i.Qfiion. It has generally 
this Difadvantage attending it. 
That unlefs there be an extraor- 
dinary Breadth allow'd to the 
Moat, the returning Angle of 
the Counterfcarp runs baoc too 
far into the Ditch, and hindeis 
the Sight and Defence of the 
two oppofite Flanks. 

A Regular.. Bafiion^ is that 
which has a due Proportion of 
Paces, Flanks, and Gorges. 

An Irregular Bafiion, is that 
wherein that Equality of Pro* 
portion is omitted. 

' « J 

6 A 

B A 

'J Sqlid Bafiion^ rife equal- When there arc Conmanies of 

ly to the Ramparts of the Place, feveral Regiments in a (^arriibn, 

without any empty Space to- and they arc to form a Battalion, 

wards the Centre. They have thofe of the eidcft Regiment poft 

this Advantage above others, themfelves on the Right ; thofe 

that they afford Earth enough of the fecond on the Left ; and 

to make a Retrenchment, in fo the others fucceiSvcly on the 

cafe the Enemy lodge himfelf on Right and Left, till the yoilRg- 

die Top of the Baftion, and the eft fall into the Centre. The 

Beficged arc rcfolved to difputc fubaltem Officers take their Pofb 

every Foot of Growid. before their Companies, the 

Batallim. A Bo4y of Foot, Captains on the Right and Left, 

commonly confifting of 700 or according to their Degree. Bat- 

^00 Men, two Thirds whereof talions are divided into three 

afed to be Musketeers, and the great Divifions, which are the 

other Third Pikemen, who were 
pofted in the Centre. But the 
general Ufe of Bayonets has 
brought that of Pikes into Dif- 
nfe. Battaliom arc for the moft 
Fart drawn up fix deep, that is, 
fix Men in File, or one before 
another ; thofe in length, or 
£de by fide, being call'd Ranks. 
Some Regiments confift of but 
one Battalion ; but if more nu- 
merous, they are divided into fe- 
veral Battalions, according to 
their Strength ; fo, that every 
one may be about the Number 

Right and Left Wings, and the 
Centre. The Grenadiers, of 
whom there are now ufually one 
Company in a Battallion, take 
the Right of the other Compa- 
nies. In marching, when there 
is not room for fo large a Front, 
they break into Subdiviiions, ac- 
cording as the Ground will ^- 
low. The Art of drawing up 
Battalions, teaches how to range 
a Body of Foot, in fuch Order 
and Form, that it may moft ad- 
vantageouily engage a greater 
Body, either of tlorfc or Foot, 

aforefaid. ThufrtheBattalionsof or both : But the main Defign. 

French Guards have commonly is, to prevent the Foot being 

but five Coxtlf|tanics,bccaufe each broken by the Horfe when at- 

of thofe Companies have 150 tack'd in open Field, where 

^en ; but of other Fre»ch'Rt' there are no Ditches, Hedges, 

giments ihere go r6 Companies or other Advantages to fecure 

•to make up a Battalion, becaufe them. Formerly they ufcd to 

they arc but 50 Men in a Com- reduce the Battalion to an 0^9- 

pany . Of the Sivi/j Guards four gon, or Figure of eight Sides ; 

Companies make a Battalion, and fince the Hollow Square has ' 

•becaufe they are 180 in a Com- 
pany. In the Englijh Foot- 
Guards, the Firft Regiment con- 
fids of three Battalions, and the 
&condand Third of two each. 

been us'd : But both thefe Me- 
thods require too much Time 
upon fudden Occafions, and Men 
muft be very well difciplin'd, or 
it will put thent hxo greater 


B A 

ConfoAon. There is ufually 
great Uncertainty in computing 
the Namber of an Army from 
that of the Battalions, which, 
by the common Chance of War, 
are often liable to be very in- 

BatteryyOxFlatform^ A Place 
to plant Guns on. It is laid 
with Planks and Sleepers for 
them to reft on, that the Wheels 
of the Carriages may not fmk 
into the Earth. They are al- 
lowed a little Stoop, or Inclining 
towards the Parapet, that the 
Guns may recoil the lefs, and 
J>e more ea£ly brought back to 
their Place. Field or Camf Bat- 
teries are to have a Ditch before 
them, to be pallifado^d, and have 
.a Parapet on them, and two Re* 
doubts on the Flanks, or Places 
of Arms, to cover the Troops 
that are to defend them. The 
open Spaces in the Parapet, to 
put the Muzzles of the Guns 
out at, are called Emhrazures, 
and the Diilances between the 
Embrazures, Merlons, The Guns 
are generally about 1 2 Feet dif- 
tant from one another, that the 
*Parapet may be flrong, and the 
•Gunners have room to work. 

Battery of Mortars^ Differs 
from that of Guns, being funk 
into the Ground, and without 
Embrazures ; The Dutch call it 

a Kettle. 

Battery Sunk^ OxBurfd, In 
French^ Batterie Enterre^ or Rid- 
nante. When the Platform is 
funk into the Ground, fo that 
there muft be Trenches cut in 
the Earth againfl the Muzzles of 
the Guns for them to fire out at^ 

B A 

ortoferveasEnibrazures. Thii 
Sort of Battery is generally us'd 
upon firft making theApproach- 
es, to beat down the Parapet of 
the Place. 

Crofs Batteries. Two Bat- 
teries which play athwart one 
another, upon the fame Body^ 
forming an Angle there, and 
beating with more Violenoe^ 
whence follows greater Deflruc- 
tion ; becaufe what one Bullet 
(hakes, the other beats down. 

Battery de Enfilade \ That 
which fcours, or fweeps the 
whole Length of a Urait Line, 
or the Face or Flank of any 

Battery en Ecbarpe\ That 
which plays on any Work ob« 

Battery de RiverSy or Mur» 
dering Battery \ That which 
plays upon the Enemy's Back. 

Joint or Comer ade-Batt cry ^ 
in French^ Batterie par Camd- 
rode. When feverad Guns fire 
at the fame time upon one Bo- 

• To raife a Battery*, « T^ 
plant a Battery*, *To ruin a Bat- 
tery*, are thePhrafes that refpedb 
this Work. The latter figni- 
fies to blow it up, or nail the 
Guns. In a Siege, Guns are 
brought to the Battery in the 
Night, by Men, having Harnefs 
for that Purpofe. 

Batterie de Tambour, The 
French fo call the Beat of Drum, 
which we call the General. Vi* 
de General, To beat the Gene- 

Batteurs d*Eftrade, Scoutt or 

Difcoverert, Horfcmen fent out 

c 2 before^^ 

B A 

before, and on the Wings of an 
Army, a Mile, two or three, 
^odiicpver, and give the General 
Account of what they fee. 

Batfcty-Majitr. His Province 
15 to raife tfic Batteries ; The 
Office is now fapprclTcd in Eng- 
fand^ but not in iiolland, 

V*attlt. The regular Engage- 
ment of two Armies. 

BcmU' Array, The Order or 
Line of Battle ; the Form of 
^rawing up the Army for Fight. 

Muhl Battle, In French^ Corps 
de ^.iit.iilU. The main Body of 
the Army, which is the fecond 
o: tiic iiiTce Lines, whereof the 
/iiil i» tt^e Van, and the third is 
the Rear, or Rcfcrve. Vide 

Bayonet, A broad Dagger 
.^vithout any Guard, generally 
'made with a round hollow Han* 
i(dle, and a Shoulder, to fix to 
the Mu'^zle of a Musket, in 
>vhich Manner it ferves inftead 
of a Pike, to receive the Charge 
of Horfc, all the Men having 
firil the Ad vantage of their Shot, 
and then, as many as there is Oc- 
cafion for, with their Bayonets 
thus qn their Muskets, cover 
the rcii pf the Musketeers. Fre- 
quently the whole Body fire with 
their Bayonets fi;<*d, which they 
po clear of them by means of the 
Shoulder abovemention'd, that 
jhey may be ready to ufe them 

To beat a Parley, Vide Cha- 
made. For this, and all other 
Beats, fee alfo Drum. 

Buetlts. Great Sledges, or 
Hammers, to drive down Pali- 
fcdoes, ot for other Ufes. 

Berme. Vide foreland. 

Bivvac. A Guard at Nighf, 
pcrfonn'd by the whole Army ; 
which cither at a Siege, or lyiag 
before an Enemy, every Even- 
ing draws but from its Tents or 
Huts, and continues all Night 
under Axins before its Lines o^ 
Camp, to prevent any Surprize. 
When Troops arc much har- 
rafsM, or there is no great Ap- 
preheniion of the Enemy, fomc- 
times it is allowed in the Bw^^e^ 
that the two front Rank5« by 
Turns, ftand under Arms, whilil 
the rear Ranks take fome Reft 
on the Ground. The Word Bi- 
cmac is a Corraption of the Ger^ 
man Weinack^ which figiufie^ 
double Guard. * To raife the 
Bityvac'*^ is to return the Army 
to their T^ts or Huts, fome 
time aft^r Break of Day. 

Blindes, Pieces of Wood to 
lay acrofs the Trench, to bear 
the Fafcines, or Clayes laid on 
them, loaded with Earth, to co- 
ver the Workmen. This is ge- 
nerally done when the Work is 
about the Glacis, and the Trench 
is carry 'd on facing the Place. 

Blifidis^ are alio ibmetimet 
only Canvas (Iretch'd to take 
away the Sight of the Enemv. 
Sometimes they are Planks set 
up, for which *vide Manfelcts ; 
others of Baskets, for which vide 
Gabions ; others of Barrels^ and 
Others of Sad) fill'd with Earth. 
But molt properly Blindes are 
Bundles of Ozier, or other fmalJ 
Wood, bound at both Ends, and 
fet up between Stakes or Clayes. 
In (hort, they iignify any ihinr 
that covers frbm'aii Enemy. 



BBnde is alfo the &me as O- Brackets or Cheeks of a Mm^ 

rilhn^ which fee. to the Bed, are called Bed- 

BhckaJe, or BIocus. Is in Bolts, 
the Nature of a Siege, when Bomb, An Iron Shell, orhdl- 

Troops are pofted on all the A- low Ball, with a large Touch- 

venues that lead to the Place, m Hole to put in a Fufee, whidi 

order to keep any Supplies of is made of Wood, and full of a 

Men or Provifions from going Compoiition that isto burn flow-* 

into it ; fo that it is proposed to Iv, that it may lafl all the Time 

ilarve and wade it out, and not the Bomb is flying, and the Fire 

take it by regular Attacks. * To not come to the Powder withm^ 

JForm a Blockade* * To raife a tijl it falls, and fo do Execution 

Blockade* * To turn a Siege by firing what is about it, or hf 

into a Blockade* are Phrafes here the Pieces of the Shell flying a- 

vfed; and all very intelligible. bout. This Bomb isdapp'din- 

Jo Blockade^ or blodk up a to a Mortar- Piece, mounted on 

Place ; To fhut up all the Ave- a Carriage, and when the Bom* 

nues, fo that it can receive no hardier has fet fire to the Fufee 

Relief. ^ with one Hand, he gives Fine 

Blujtderhufs. A fliort Fire- to the Touch Hole of the Mor» 

Arm with a very large Bore, to tar Piece with the other. Whea 

carry a Number of Musket or the Bomb is filPd with Powder, 
Piflol Bullets, proper to do Ex- . the Fufee is fix*d into the Vent 

ecution in a Crowd, or to make or Touch-Hole, and pitch*d 

food 2t narrow Paffage, as the over to preferve it. When th^ 
)oor of a Houfe, a Stair-Cafe, Bomb is put into the Mortar, 
or the like. the Fufee is uncapp'd, and 
Solts\ in Gunnery, are of fe- ftrew'd with Meal Powder, 
veral Sorts. Thofo between Bombs may be nfed without 
the Cheeks of a Gun Carriage Mortar Pieces, as the Venetian 
to fhrengthen the Tranfums, are did at Candia^ when the Turks 
called the Tran/um Bolts, The had poflcfe'd themfelves of the 
large Iron Knobs on the Cheeks Ditch, rolling down Bombs up- 
of a Carriage, which keep the on them, along a Plank fet ftoop- 
Hand-Spike $eady, are called ing towards their Works, with 
f rife-Bolts. The two fhort Bolts, Ledces on the Sides to keep the 
that, when they are inferted in Bomb right forwards. The/ arc 
each End of an 'fxrj^Z^ Mortar alfo buried under Ground £o blow 
Carriage, ferve to traverfe her, it up, for which fee Caiffon, 
are call'd Tra*verfc- Bolts, The Bombardiers^ Are thofc cm- 
Bolts that pafs thro' the Cheeks ployM about a Mortar, wha 
of a Mortar, and keep it fix'd drive the Fufee, fix the Shells, 
»t the Elevation by the Help of load, and fire the Mortar, ^e. 
Coins, are call'd Bracket Bolts, Bomb Ketch^ Is a fmall Vef- 
^od the four Bolts that faHen (hp fel made (bong with largeBeams, 



fm Ae Ufe of Mortais at ScaJ 

Bomui. A Work confining 
^ two Faces, >vluch make an 
Asgle Saillant, in the Nature 
«f « (mall Ravelin, without ixiy 
Ditch, having only a Parapet, 
three Feet hi^h, and pallifado'd, 
with another Palifado at ten or 
twelve Feet Diilance. The Bou' 
mei is made beyond the Counter* 
fcarp, in the Nature of a little 
advanced Corps de Gardt* 

Btmtet a Prefirij qr PrieJTs 
Cap. An Outwork, which at 
the Head has three Angles fail- 
lant, and two inwards, and differs 
from the double Tenailk only in 
this Point, that its Sides, inHead 
#f being parallel, are made like 
the ^ueued'Trondey erSwallow^s 
Tail, that is narrowing or draw- 
ing dofe at the Gorge, and 
opening at the Head. 

Moyau^ or Branch of tbt 
Trttuhes. A Line, or particu« 
hx Cut, that runs from the 
Trenches to cover fome Spot of 
Ground, and is drawn parallel 
to the Works of the Place, that 
k may not be enfiladed, that is, 
that the Shot from the Town 
may not fcour along it. Some» 
times a Boyau is a Line of 
Comma nicacion from oneTrcnch 
to another, when two Attacks 
are carry^d on near one another. 
The Parapet of a Boyau .being 
always; next to the Place beHeg- 
ed» it does the Service of a Line 
of Contravallation^ to hinder 
Sallies, and cover the Pio« 

Branchy fee Boyau above. 

Branch of a Mine, Vide 

B R 

Breach. The RiHn of -anj 
Part of the Works, beaten do^-a 
with- Cannon, or blown up hj 
Mines, preparatory to the giv- 
ing an Aflault. To make good 
the Breach ; To fortify the Breach 
nvith Chevaux de Frize^ or ibw 
it with Crows Feet ; To make ^ 
Lodgment on the Breach ; To clear 
the Breach \ that is, to remove 
the Ruins, that it may be the 
better defended; arethePiirafea 
l>el9nging to this Term. 

To break Ground. To begin 
the Works for carrying on the 
Si^e about a Town» or Fort. 
It is performed in die Nighty 
by the Advantage of fome hol- 
low Way, or Eminence, or 
whatever will ferve to cover and 
ihelter the Men. 

Breaft Work. Sec Parapet. 

The Breech of a Gun, Is the 
Fcry End of it next theTouchr 

Bridge. The Word in gene- 
ral needs no Expofitlon : But 
this may be faid in relation to 
it, that of late Years Copper 
and Tin Boats have been much 
ufed to be carried in Armies, 
for laying Bridges over Rivers 
upon Occafion, which is done 
by joining thefe Boats Side by 
Side, 'till they reach acrofs the 
River, and laying Planks over 
them to make all plain for the 
Men to march upon. This is 
'called a Bridge of Boats. Sec 

Flying Bridge, or Pont *volant^ 
is made of two fmall Bridges, 
laid one over the other in fuch 
manner, that the uppermoil: 
ilrecches and runs out, by the 



Help of certain Cords ranning 
through PuUies placM along the 
Sides of the Under Bridge, 
which pufh it forwards, 'till the 
End of it joins the Place it is 
icfign'd to be fixed on. When 
theic two Bridges are ftrctch*d 
out at their full Length, fo that 
the two middle Ends meet, they 
tnuft not be above four or five 
Fathom long, becanfe if longer 
they will break; and therefore 
they are only us'd to furprize 
Oat-works, or Pofb that have 
but narrow Moats. 

Bridge of Rujhes^ or Pont di 

Jmc, a Bridge made of great 

Bundles of Rufhes that grow in 

marfhy Grounds; which being 

bound together, have Planks 

fadenM on them, and are fo laid 

over MoraiTes or Boggy Places, 

for the Horfe and Foot to 

inarch over. They have alio 

been ufed to pafs the Moat of a 

Place befieged, and are not fo 

eafy to be burnt as Fafdnes, 

tho* thefe be loaded with Earth. 

Draw - Bridge^ A Bridge 

fliade fail onlv at one End with 

Hinges, fo that the other End 

may be lifted up, and then the 

Bridge flands upright to hinder 

thePaiTageof theMoat. There 

ftre others made to draw back. 

to hinder the Pailage, and to 

thrufl over again to pafs. Again, 

there have been others which 

open in the Middle, and one half 

of them turns away to one Side,. 

and the other to the other Side, 

and fo they are join*d again at 

Pleafure: But thefe are not fo 

proper, becaufe one half of them 

remains on the Enemy *s Side. 

In the common Way they arc 


formM with Plycrf, twice A» 
Height of the Gate, and a Foot 
Diameter: The inner Part is 
travers'd with a St. Andrew^ 
Crofs,. which ferves for a Coun^ 
terpoize; and the Chains whidi^ 
hane from the other Extremities 
of the Plyers, to raife or fall 
the Bridge, are of Iron or Brafs. 

Bridge of Comffmnicatioftf is 
a Bridge thrown over a River^ 
by which two Armies or Towns^ 
feparated by the River, comma*^ 
nicate with each other. 

Brigade, A Party, or Body^ 
commanded by a Brigadier. 
There are two Sorts of Bn>- 
gades, a Brigade of an Armyp. 
and a Brigade of a Troop of 
HorCe. A Brigade of an Army 
is either of Horfe or Foot, and 
not fixed of what Number or 
Force it muft be; for the Bri- 
gade of Horfe may confift oT 
eight, ten, or twelve Squadrons^ 
and that of Foot of three, four^ 
£ve, or fix Battalions. The 
eldeft Brigade has the Right of 
the firil Line; the fecondof the 
fecond Line ; and the reft in Or- 
der, the youngeft pofTefling the 
Centre. The Battalions, or 
Squadrons, which compofe z 
Brigade, obferve the fame Or- 
der. The Brigade of a Troop 
of Horfe is the third Part of it^ 
when it does not exceed forty 
or fifty Men ; but if the Troop* 
be a hundred ftrong, it is di- 
vided into fix Brigades, The 
Troops of Horfe Guards in- 
England are divided into feveral 

Brigade Major, An Officer 
appointed by the Brigadier to 


A B U M ^ 

fefift iiim i> the Affairs of hi» Stri9gs liTcc a Parfe ; their Uft 

Bti^e. The moft able Cap- i^ for carrying Powder along 

tains are nominated to this PoiU with a Gun or Mortar, as they 

They ad in the Brigade as Ma- ire lefs dangerous, and more 

ior ficnerak m the Armies, ^e- portable than whole Bvids. 

cciviiig ihc Qrdcrs of. their Prin- They are alfo ufcd on7a.Batteiy 

"* cip^. » ^^ Mortars, ,to contain Meal 

,,. ^riV/z^Vr/'^hc General Offi- Powder. ' . . " 

"cer that 'commands a Brigade. • -5«Zr^^ Bail, or S^ot. Th^ 

, Brigadiers of the Army are Pall of Iron, or Lead, that is 

ikplc that command a Brigade fir'd out of a Cannon, Mu&ct,- 

«f fo many Squadrons of Horfcj, or Pifto! ; ^ for it comprehends 

jff Battalions of Foot, as was all Sorts. That of the lloyal, 

mentioned in fpcaking of the or whole Cannon, weighs 481b. 

Brigade of an Army; theyhav- .of the Baftard Cannon 4a, of 

jittg the fifth Degree in the Ar- the ordinary Demi Gannon 32, 

jny, being next in Command to of the .24 Pounder 24, of the 

the Major Generals, above large Culverin 18, of the 12 

whom are Lieutenant Generals, Pounder.^ 2, of the large Demi 

Generals, and, of late Years, Culverin 10, of the 6 Pounders 

Tidd Marihals- Every Briga- 6, of the Saker 5 and a Quarter, 

\fier marches at t)ie Head of his of the Minion about 4, of the 

Brigade upon Service. The 3 Pounders 3, of the Drakes, 

Brigadier of Foot commands redrcroes, and Bafes, gradualljr 

him of Horfe in Garrifon ; and ^^^s. All thefe are of Iron. 

the Brigadier of Horfe him of T^^ Mufket Ball is about an 

;Foot in the Field. Brigadiers Ounce; the Carabine and Pi- 

cf the Horfe Guards conunand Rol, and thofe of Lead, left* 

:as youngeft Captains of Horfe. Red -hot Bullets are (hot in 

'Other Troops of Horfe in Sieges to fire Houfes, and do 

FroKce have Brigadiers, which the more Mifchief in a: Towtt. 

'they have not generally in Eng- they are heated in a Forge 

tand, where they are called Cor- made for that Purpofe^ dofe by 

porals of Horle: But there are the Battery, whence they are 

in the EttgUjh Horfe Guards Sub taken out with an Iron Ladle, 

Brigadiers, as well as Brigadiers, and thrown into the Pieces, into 

• ^ Brtttgers up. The whole M which before a Tompion of Sod 

Rank of a Battalion drawn up, or Turf is ranmiM down, that 

'being the hindmpft Men of the Bullet may not touch the 

every File. Powder. It fires not only com- 

Budge Barrels, Are fmall buftible Matter, but Floors and 

barrels well hoop'd, with only Planks. 

one Head. On the oppofite , Buliuatk. The antient Name 

Snd is nailed a Piece of Lea- for a Baftion, or Rampart, now 

ther to* draw together with antiq^ted. . See thofc Words:. 



t A 

C A 


frjiDET, A foang Gentfe- 
man; who; to letm Experi- 
ence, and watt for Preferment; 
tarries Arms as k privite Man in 
%. Company of Foot. He dif- 
fers from a Volrnitei^r; bectafe 
he receives the Pay of a com- 
tnoiiSddier^ whereas a Volun- 
teer fervet without Pay. In 
France the King allows but tWo 
Cadets to be received into any 
one Company 6i To6t. The 
propet Significaticfn of the Word 
IS a younger Brother; and thence 
hpply*d to bear this Senfcy be- 
biufe yOuifget Brothers take 
this apon them to rai(^ theu 
Foi^ries. It alfo is tiiken for ui 
Officer who^ in refped of An- 
other, is younger in the Service. 
Caijfon^ of Superficial Four^ 
keau: A Wooden Cafe or Cheft,; 
into which they put three or 
four Bc^mbSf and fometimes to 
the Number of ftx^ according to 
the Execution they are to do, or 
As the Ground is firmer or loofer. 
Sometimes this Cheft is only 
fill'd with Powder. When the 
Befieged difpute ertty Foot of 
Groandy the Csbflbn is buried 
tindtr fome Woric the Enemy 
intends to poflTeGr himfelf of, 
ind when he is Mafter of it, 
they fet Fire to it by a Tn^n 
conveyM in a Pipe, wiilch blows 
tbeffl np. Thus we may fay; 
* After ui^ Mine or Fntmeau had 
-^ieftrof ed the B^mtu^ a Cmj^m 
was bmied under tUie Ground 
tbownup^ add tiir Encis?^ ftl« 

Vaacii^ to make k Lod^ent 
on the Ruins of the BomtUp 
the Ctfj^was fir'd with a Sau- 
ddge, and ble^ up the Poft eke 
fecond time.* 

Caifitti is Idfo * C07er*d 
Waggon; to cany Bread or Am- 
innnitibn. ., 

. Caii^ Cmpajis. Ufed Iiy 
Gunners to meafdre the Dia- 
meter of. Bullets, and the Cy- 
linder of Gtms; and therefbre 
the Legs,; infU^ of being flrait^ 
tfre made arching, to find tho 
true Dilimeter of any Circle. 
'They have a Quadrant Men*d 
to one Leg, and paffing through 
the other, mark'd with Inches; 
and Parts of an Inch, to prc- 
ferve Exa^efs. 

Caltrops, Vide CrvuTs Fett. 
Cafnp, The Ground on which 
an Army pitches its Tents,' and 
lodges, fometimes intrenching^ 
imd fometimes without any other 
Defence than chufing the Ad- 
vantage of the Situation. It iif 
marked out by the Quarter Ma- 
fter General; who allots every 
Regiment its Ground; in doing 
whKh he is to confult the Na- 
ture of the Country, both fof 
J>efence aninft the Snemy, and 
upplies for the Army. It 
fliould have a Communication 
with Oarrifons, hare Plenty of 
Water, Forage, send Fuel, and 
either Rivers, Marflies, Hills, or 
Woods to cover it. An Armjr 
always encamps frontiitf the £>« 
nemy, and geoeally'iB Ovo pa- 
d fal)|4 

C A 

C A 

Qdlel Lines, a)x)at 500 Yards Camj^algn/ The Word-is alfo 
diftaftt; the HorTe and Pra^ ufed for the open Coaaciy bt^ 
coom on the WingSy and the fore any Towns. 

i Foot IB the Centre. Three or 
•* Smt Brigades encamp between 
• dw two Lines, aid are called 

the JWy 0/ Re/erve. The Ar« 

tiU^ry and >Braul Waggons are 

in the Rear of the two Lthes^ 

A Baltatfipn of Foot is allowed 

80 or K3K> Pfces fox its Camp, 

H4 50 or 40 for an Interval 
'Between one Battalion and an-^ Cannon of Ei|lit f Bafhird 

)ather« A Squadron of Horfe . non, or Cimnon (^ Seven : But 
' lias 30 Paon for its Camp, and thofe are both too large for 
' 30 for an Interval, or more, if common Ufe, to which the fojk 
•the Gro^md. will allow it. Each lowing ate cKiefl]^ adapted: i. 

6r Aftifiery^ ' pjre Arms^ eiljiet 
of Brais or Iron, long^ ronaid* 
and hollow, charg-d with Pow- 
der and Ball, or €artridg>e. 
There arefeveralDeginses and 
Sizes of tlieoK, difUngoi&^d by 
thefe feve'ral Natnes : Cannon 
I(oya!, or Whole Cannon, or 

Batn^ion po^s a fmaU Guard, 
commanded by a fubaltem OiB- 
•cer, about 100 Yards before the 
Front of the Regiment, called 
>tho i^u4rietr Guard, And each 
Regittiei^t of Hor£e mounts a 
fintJl Guar^ on Foot, called the 

Demi Cattnon, darrjring a. Ball 
of 52 Pounds, and u(cd in the 
Lower Tire of « FirdRate 
Man of War. a. 24 Pounders. 
3. Whole Cultcrins, carrying 
18 Pounds j 4/12 Pounders* 
5. Dekni Culv^rins, or 9 Poiui- 

•Siattdi^rd Gtutrd^ The Grand .ders. 6. 6 Pottnders . 7^ Sakers^ 
Guard coniifts of HorC:, and li carrymg 5 f ounfds and a Quair- 

*pofted n Mile and« half diftant 
^wardsthe Eoeiny.. 

- Ffyitf§ Cam^ or Jrmt, A 
&x)iig B^9i^ of Horfe ana Footj 
ooounanded for the moil Part 
bf a Lieocenaat General^ which 
9 always in Motion*, bpch.- to 
iDover it» ovm Garriibns, an^ %o 
keep.tbe Army in continual A- 
larm* Itis ^Ifo ufed for the 
Gsoimd on which fuck a Body 
of Men encamps. 

. Camfofgn. The Time every 
Year that an Army, continues in 
iiCL .Fields, daring any War. 
We fay, ' Akan.has fenr'd fo 
many Campaigns. ' The Can^ 
;Biugn wiU begin at Aach a 
Time. « This will bealong 

ter. 8. Minions, carrying 4 
Pounds; and laftly, '3 Poondera 
for Drakes, Slings, Cots, and 
Pedreroes., See more of each 
under its proper Letter. Caa* 
hon ofteh iir^d, muft be care* 
fully cool'd, w elfe ft WiU budl. 
The Length of a true fortify*d 
Gun. is dxHit feveft- Diai^etexa 
of the Metal "at tho V^c, tho 
Jt)iameter of th^ Metal thraa 
)>eifig three Diameters of tiie 
Bore ; fo that a 24 Pounder h^ 
ing fix Inches !h the Dkuaecer 
of her Bore, ti^ Thioluieifk W 
the Metal at the Vuit ai«ft-1)e« 
Foot and ^ half, aM herLe^g^ 
thirteen F^^sted- a'halfv^ Soe 
more nnder Ai/AQ7> CkmsjEt^^ 

MmirmsstP'iJ ^ 

C A 

"^^ EmhraxureSy to Ifailf to J?/^ 
ai'4 and Qtrri^isi ^o the 
Names of thftftver^ Guns re- 

Camnm R^al, or of Eight. 
A great Gun e^t Inches iSia- 
Buter in the Bore> 8000 Pounds 
Weijghty the Length and Thick- 
neis in the Proporc^n mentioned 
JB the kft Article. It carries a 
Chargie of 32 Pounds of Pow* 
der^ aad a Ball {even Inches and 
four £iffhts Diameter, and. 48 
Pounds Weight. Its Ppint-blaak 
Shot 185 Paces. 

QpmoM Baskets^ Vide GaH- 

Canvas Bags^ or Earth Sags, 
are Bags containing about a Cu* 
bical Foot of Eaith. They are 
ufed to raife a Parapet in Hafle, 
or repair one that is beaten 
down. Thefe are of Ufe when 
the Ground is rodcy, and affords 
not Earth to carry on Ap/ 
proachesy becaufe they can be 
ealily brought from afar pff^ and 
removed at Will. The French 
call them Sacs a-Terre, that is, 
£artb Bags. The . fame Bags, 
won Occafion, are tisM for 
rowdcTf and hold 50 Pounds. 

Capital, A Line drawn from 
the Angle of the Polygon, to the 
Point of the Bafiioti, 

CafitiJation. The Conditions 
on which aPIace^hat is befiegM 
fnrrenders, being Articles agreed 
on between (he Beiie^M and 

Cap9tder€, A Work, or Lodg- 
ment, foak four or i\t Feet into 
the Ground, with a Parapet on 
its Sid0s made with the Earth 
thrown out of it^ ji£ng about * 

c A 

two Feet aboriT the Ground, on 
which they lay Planks well co« 
ver*d with Earth, They aie 
big -enough \o Idd^ 1 5 bp b6 
Mufketders, who £re npon tte 
Bciiegers throndi ' B^ibbunjict 
made on the Sides. Thefe tnf 
generally made on the Oiacis^ tft 
to dry Moats. 

Captain. The Commander ill 
chief of a.Conipajiy of Foot, oif 
Troop of Horie, or DtBgoont*. 
He is to march, or fight, atditf 
Head of his Company.. AmOni^ 
the Horfe, when Captains ot 
feveral Reghnents meet, heduft 
has the ddeft Conmnffion takes 
i^lace and commands ; but a-» 
mong the Foot, the Ciiptain of 
the eldeft Regiment cOmmandi 
all that are of younger Regi« 
ments, tho* they hart ^elder 
Commiilions. A Captain has 
the Power of making Seijeantt 
and Corporals in his own Com<^ 
pany. He ought' to be vei^ 
vigjlant^and acquainted with thi 
Difpofltions of ail his Men. , 

dcAtain- Uiktenant. TheC«Q>* 
maiiding Officer of the Colond^i 
Troop, orC<Mnpany, in en^ 
Regiment. He ^omttaitds m 
ypongefi Captain, tho* in reiili- 
ty he is only Lieutenant, ^ 
Co!6nel being hhnfdbf Captain. 
In finance dim are fever^ Qtsf- 
tain Lieutenants, as thofe of tlie 
two Troops of Mufquetairer, ^f 
Gendfttmet, and the Indepeoh 
dent *troof^ of Light Horfe^ 
whereof the King, Queen, Diui^ 
phin, or Duke of Oricam, ^upc 
Captains. Thofe of the Mnf- 
quetaires. Gendarmes, and Liglit 
noife, whereof himfelf is Cap* 
da tam» 

%mr t^ Hmc is cUeft Colofi> eansfiC . A jnlcfaifetwr^ii^ 

ii^s of Light Horfe^ and aocxynL* ideation m die 'tidanf' of ^4 

i|iigl^>«i]OU8nidj]l others. The Bbm6, and tfanwli likcT it |id| 

Cafrtaia^ Liontaoaocai ' of tlie t)f a Moftar-pfcoea iris' oaV* 

Q^een'f, DaDpttin^, and Duke fokdofhttmcti-fo^rdite^Stlt^ 

ofpeAMiDtilrmp^ f^^/ Siilbhufjr l^rokea Giifii^ 

XientcaanlB of. the |Ciiig*8 pfii- Shavings oF Horn^ Picc^» '^Ta)*' 

^fianvcB^ nakttotk all Colonels IpWy ami Liti&edOS; ibcne-: 

^ Uoi^aa»vfiB{ to dieJOa;^ times of two, tj^ee, or moit 

^f thefrCommsfiiQins. 0ratiadpet« ^d '^veral fitaall 

* Cffiaim. miEitd. > A Captain piftol Baftic^, ctxi^U * aod 

jkcptin Pay^thai is aot xefonn d. wrapped np^wkb the Grukdoa 

-'The vExpreffion occofs ipni^r n Tpw^ ^P*^ ^ ^^ ^"^4 

4iinet.. '^ other onribiiftibly Matter. The 

txC^ainJUfirmU. One^vJiQ whol^ is ^u^intoariiitcli'dCfaKl^ 

fflftredacmgoftheFprcetlofes ini^ m 6Vd;> which is At in 

Company, yet is contsaued an lR>a Iskea j^mkocii, hatiw 

^ * cither at ^ood to a- ^ hoUow Top and Boctothy u^ 

r,.'cr without Po(L Vide $ar& f aiming between diem' iq 

fbrfonm^dJ ' " hold ttiettitdgetha*^. TheielMe 

.. < Cs^im tn Seemtd. y]6z Sf- $an» that jofft tKblTojp and fi<tt- 

f|m/. . fom^ aire bound t«g«t|a»^br0iie 

^i Caftmin dti QMards. ii a9Jf or ziio.ieIr6ii*IU9gti'ailW)ikh, 

LCMrda. Tho* this Di&in&ipn in fonie Meafikre; iVprefeirtrtho 

,t»&pecaiiflr to Franu^ it ocean ^nink of a d^ C^j^cafe. One 

•^ Qftea^.that it requires to be of the conotre 'PlUfes has'i^ 

stfxplain'd.. ThtSng&jb of it Is^ Itia^ to Uf^'and^t iriato the 

ftCa^tain f>f the . Gwrds/ or in Mortar^]:4eoe ;' the ^er iua a 

^thc Gvards. Cafianidis Gardts^ Toodi^hole to'^^ ifre to the 

(kirdCaptaiiioftheGvards^i&Oq)- Qutais, whicK is flult: Vkb a 

llsincf o»e of the l^our Troops Bomb vpon aw ^htce mtatidBd 

^of HorfeGuarck Caftfhutux to be fired. *ni^eCiuratSbilq 

.jfim^axy or CaMLJn in the liqt anfwer fa miaHi as wai^cac- 

;42uard% as the Captain of f peftediran them. There 4re 

.^ t RegHnent ofi^ ptt^er CmkBks for the^Sea-ler- 

V. J^ootGuards. .vice, which diffbrfroxa aBdml^ 

f Carmtmi. A imall Fm Aim only in . iIib /Compofitsbn, sind 

JUBtweeBA Piftol and aMulket, the five Hdes^fo)!!! which it 

vUfbdby^tkeHode. Itcarfip bo ns when fizad: ' 

yjaULiof.aS|.inthefQimd. Cmriai^fimGmr An m 
^ CaraiMTu •. Ibe^imeBts pf the ^atuv of long-Qifintiw Carts. 

• , Light . fiocfi^ carrying Ipngipr ^ich made to thePropomok of 
' fC^rabi ACS. tfaan^ other JEicKrfe, ' tiie C^tn it is t6'cari7 'Whai 

and «fec( iinintimes as. Foot, ^they &ad tqpdnBattencs/ thqr 

..jike^^e Dragoons. 'We but two Wlieels, * and iq 

■ ■ thw 

^diother kfr AyiMselffmrr«Ufld( Eodeet HgTcw ^^ '^ ^r 

Wood tkue BMch of^ Pko^ n Ct/caM. Tlievs^.Und|i9ft 

TI16 Cacrfara % Moitaits : ak* SbqI^ of tkm CaAno% or itoaoft 

ldw».«itii£apWheclB^cadiy^ tiPjut'of th^ Bretofa. .... >: ) 

)[te Pieo^ «daiai}r Uk^ thefie^- • Ca/li. A Plan ahmg^Sttm 

T0 carryn thiTimhM. W^t k^.City^ or m lh6iQdooiijr» 4# 

frtneb€$\ .^.. ^^ > iDoe|>*tfae Ppople^m Obedbeiics^ 

^ €«rf#A An Ameotfliit' te« A Son of aiittUCka4jeL ; \j 

.fwetu Prinoes j^Wat:^ ferthc . . Cavaiur, jot Mama* - A gnat 

•Etchangeof PHfeoein. < Ebradon pt.Mafi .of fSitb, 

Carimcb^ A iQdTcof Wood Amctimfls lound^ . . sod 

fiboat ftee^ lafhtt thick aiBat> times a long Square, ufoallf fita^ 

<oflft» firt rosnd wicii Miutfliy •ertedin theGargr df afiaUoD*. 

jiolding abottt4QD^uflcctBalb, On tkr Top.of itia a P]aifiuiii« 

!Jbefidc9 fix #rei|;kt Balkof Irao wjik a Panprt .10 ccovar iHc 

of aPoQttieack., •& isfiradoQt Camum tkaMony xnarfianlNes* 

of aHai^tz^ a fmaU.Sort bf aiires to firetbnii>tkio*;. ..'£be 

M<mar to de^ad a IhA^ Qdifer Height of it moft be pmortioii- 

SortSr of diierent Inventioos, abla to that fttft of thcAiemy*! 

Jttve^ been na^e for Mortan, Ground, or Works, it is ^x 

aiid foaie for great Guae^ -tp uie ignti to ovcrlaokoramnnaiuL 

jbftead of Partridge^ot. < r^fhoSe which acsi raised' apdft 

Carfrulgt, AApIlof Ite<^, ^> Bhcbforr of loa^: tiacip 

Pafteboaird, orfiardment, ue :.<whether jn the Middle of tfe 

^ Cafe^ made ta tostaiE the .2Ctirtin,:oir. mrvthe Gbfge/of«# 

Charge of anv Fiie Arm* Catar- .^^oa, m waenHkf 1^ ot if 

tridges for PilMs toA yinSa^z J^cathi|^ than the^TMrx#./Mi 

are made oiF Pafiea, vhick/is ipftkeKampast. .Thaftmadlk 

ifofficicnt tp cqiafiaia that Charge ciaf them b to be ttgdatedfajrdle 

of Powder ana Ball;; but- thr^ ahloaidier of Oaoaoadsfi^icd at 

^are of Paft^oafd, or PahduBaat, .be planted on them, ouctviilgf 

to hold the 'Skn, bcokeo Iiqii, that there mnftte 10 or 19 Feet 

•imd Powder 10 chnrge GaokioD, J>]flanoeattowedbetveai every 

wheft it ts to ffie n^bur at fibnd. two Guns, for theConvcdedlgr 

In Camiott, ofOazateattes, or p- .of. the Goaaeia. .Hwjr iue a 

ther Poft» that dcftnd thePaf- double DcAnceifo|> the Anaadf 

lage of the l>itch^ ot* thrlike, theoppoits BhdiJoii^ dcfetidsht 

theft haTa^dMa(&^ Bi;^. Ditdi, famdc tha fiiemibsiSal* 

%Uafin4ff Bb^^ a Ode of ledcs,. ooounand tbeTtaverfee 
Wood,. ortniinedilnMi,- hddtng - in drj- Moaii^ fponr the 6lnlhUi( 
# Doaeoe Muiket ChMfjieSd It . Aarle of the Gantterfcafp,. and 
^ wam^iqpan a< fieh^ aM haags. u enfilade the Bnami^ Xrencfaci. 


^ers that ferve$ smd %hu on. 
Harfdwck. TWe are either 
xflgtswRted^ or indepeiKiait 
Troops, ai theTroops of Guards 
m JSMghaUi and in Franct the 
Gf-ndaniflt, and Mttfquetairet 
m HarfdMbck. AU thefc arion 
Scrvioe are dcawn up in Booiea, 
call*d Squadrons, a Number of 
Hfiiidi fom a Brigade. 

Ctfmr. A natural Hollow, 
i^ to covor Troops, and fadli- 
ttte their Approach to a Place* 
If k he within Mdket-fliQC, it is 
a Place of. Arms ready maido to 
Hand, and « Conveniency for 
4)pcntns the Trenches, out of 
fear of she Bncmy^s Shot. 

CsKmrnttti. A PUtfonn in 
d^t Part of the Flank of a Baf - 
tion next thoCortin, fomewhait 
jotirid, or dnnvn. back towards 
the Capital of tfaeBaflion. Some- 
lUKs It conMs of three Plat- 
ihrms, fine above another,, the 
fmrs^fbuM of she Baftiqn being 
thr h%faeftf for which Reafon 
^S^Enmei^ give the othemthe 
Mnass of P/acss Bafies, or low 
itms* Behind their Pttapet, 
erhich finmtB idong sIk line of 
.the Flank, there ane Gnns plant- 
Jidr loaded «with Caxtddges of 
AoUJ&hot, tD kom dkmg the 
''l^itch.^. 40ui thefe Gnns areco- 
arenad foMa thefiocaiy*sBaiteiies 
A|y(icaBnlai, or foneiimes fifvase 
JSmjA Wodu, faced or Uned 
with Wsdl, and. calkd OHMmt, 
Shmdikns, or EfmdmeMts. The 
Csaumatu k lit ,aoft ejoodlent 
finfimaea JPbce can have. 


Rooin9»or LpdgmentSy ge^fraDjr 

buiU between the Rampart a^^ 
Hottfcs of a fortified I'own, uf 

Siarter Soldiers for the £a£e of 
e Inhabitants. There are ge* 
nerally two Beds in each Cazem,' 
for fix Soldiers to lie, three and 
thm; but fo that the third Part 
being always upon guard, there 
ace hat four lett in the Cazem, 
c^r twQ in 4 Bed. 

Center. The Middle Point of 
anyWork or fiody of Men. The 
Pikes ufedto be in the Center of 
the Battalion ; the Infantry, and 
^mong thena, the ypungch Re- 
giments, are in the Center of the 
Army. From the Center of a 
Place are drawn the £rft Lines to 
lay down the Form of a Fortifi- 

Owce cf a Gun. The whole 
Length of it. 

Chain fir Engineers^ is no« 
thing but a Sort of Wire-chain, 
divided into Links of an equal 
Lengths which Engjneeis makp 
ufe of for fetting out Works on 
the Ground, becaufe the Line is 
apt both u> (brink and give 
. ClHun Shot. Vide Sb^t. 

Clb^meuie. A Signal made by 
the Enemy, ekher by Beat if 
Drum, or Sound of Trumpet, 
when ^y have any Matter to 
piD|>ore. Otberwife callM, 7# 
fifrnd^ or heat a PMrlej, which 
is the more proper £«y4^ : But 
Ci^««M^ begins to pow famHiaf, 
as do all other French Terms in 
Martial Affaies. We fay. The 

^Befiegers heat the Chaaoiade ^ 
Parleys /d b^v* Lemw f hmy 


e H 

ihr'r Dea4; %he Sefieged heMt /*# 
' Oianuid^ 9r Fiu:lex> 'wbtn tbtj 

Ciamiir$/4iGtm, That Part 
of die Ghace wheic the Pov^der 
' and Shot lie, 

Chambtr •/ a Mine, Vide 

CkaTHher pf aMorfar. Where 
the Powder lies alfo. It is' much 
narrower thaa the reft of the 
Cylinder, and of different Forms ; 
but the moft common Form is 

Chmmhtr •/ a Battery. Cal- 
led Powder Chamber^ <x Bomb 
Chamber. A PJace funk under 
Ground, for holding the Pow- 
der or the Bombs, where they 
may be out of Danger, and pre- 
ierved from Rains. 

Chandeliers. Wooden FrSdfies, 
lajge and fbrong, to pile Fsig- 
gota ]^;ainft* one upon another, 
to cover the Workmen iniead 
of a Parapet. Thefe are to re- 
move from Place to Pkce, as 
Oocaiion requires, upon fudden 
Emergenciea, or whilft the 
Trenches are digging. Some- 
tiiftes they are only ftrong 
Planks, with two Pieces cS 
Wood perpendictthn-, for. the 
Fafcines to bind between r ' But 
they are made in other Forms 
for other Occafions. 

Charged Cylinder y or Cbamher. 
That Pm of a Gannon which 
contains the Powder and Shot. 
. CboHjire. Res d$ Ciemffi. The 
IgtfA ttf; tke Fi6l4> the plam 
> Ckas^jffk Tnifi. See CnmV 


Flanks of neir a feilddtidar 
Form, bonnd with thick Iron 
Plates, and fixed by B<^ to^ 
Bed. They keep the Mortftr 
-at ally ghren Etevatioa. 

Ckismn C^vpt. See Ccwrt 

Cbennn des Rondet^ or W^ay vf 
the Rounds. A Sfiet between 
the Rampart, and the low ft- 
n^>et under it, fbr the Ronndt 
to go about. It>9 the fame u 
the Fanfe Btaye. Vide Ftajfi 

Cbend/i. AWordahnoioaC 
of Date, formerly ii g nii y ing die 
WaU that &ced dr linedaWmk 
of Earth, efpedaUy when the 
Soil was landf and loofe, and 
therefore eottU not fnpport it- 
ielf, witheat aliowhig ic* too 
great a fakt^ or Stoop. 

a^oMx de Frifo. Tiefame 
as Tornpikea $ onhr ^Mewfll 
have it, that the Uievanz ate 
ftronoer than the Toonftet: 
Bat there is no other BMwgcmp 
than m tho' Langnage, one bo* 
ing the Fnmc^, ^ othcrtHe 
Englijh Name; ye^ bot& indif- 
fierently now ufedhi fiQ^Ann/^' 
and the Frmh rather the aolL ^ 
See Tmnfiie. 

Chfnmn. An anticinit Order 
of Battle, todtaEwnpfiveBato^ 
lions, fo that thry my mdtto 
three^Lmes, that Is a Van, Mmn ' 
Body, and Bod)r df RcfttHs. 
Snppofittg die five Bamtfawt to 
be in Line, the ad and 4ftli 
advanee and fenn theVan, the 
^d falls bade ibr the Rear 
Guacd, or fiocty of Reftive, tbn^ 
&ft and*^ form die MunBndy 
k^on tha fimrGronnd. Then 



iimpf BituHommiglit td liiivt il 
QfttMflyti tpf Horfe dB iti- Rlgfat, 
ttd mMRlifr dh hi Lieft. Ai^ 
-ManlMr of Itegimenti prodacM 
bf tbe iMriiSicadon df tte 
wtmber 5, s» io$ 1 5y 20, l^r. 
may be drawn up in the fkm6 
Maimer; •■ 

rCirckfrnndlmtUiti A Line; ^' 
Tx«ttdH'wlchaFal^pK| dirdWn 
«ttp -by Che BeAegtrs/^ « Caenne/A- 
^hot from tftte IHaoe; eifoftinipttfr. 
^Ql^.att their Qaniri to defend it 
aganift any Arm^ that may ait- 
tsmtft t» ralteiTe the Flact : So 
that th» Army befieginrtles bAe- 
. e«r«citthe t«iro Lineff et Contra- 
vaUation and CircamYadlation, 
dm Ibrmer againft the Bedeged, 
-and the lattfr hgainft thofe that 
lliatt> pretend to relieve them. 
TheTop of xkm Line of Cittum- 
vallation is genetallv about fe- 
vmi Feet deep, and about tz 
Veet bMad; The Pirapet rtins 
■qoke round the Top of it, and 
^ ocrtBJnOiftiAices it isftrdigth- 
cned with Redoubts and ttiall 
FcmV The Baft of It is gene- 
'ndly about eighr Foot wide, the 
HcMc Withinfide fee, and oh 
aho Outiide five, with a Banquet 
of threeFoot'Wide, and one and 
almlf high; 7%e Ltoe of Ciir- 
comvdlation mnft never run a- 

.beaanfe, if lui Enemy (hdl pof- 
Afs Umfelf ' of the Height, lie 
«iig^ pkmt Cannon tfac^, and 
command the Line. 

Gfadeh IsaFortil^h four, 
fiw^ or fix Baftions, raifed on 
the noft ridtanmgeottt Ground 
about a Clty^ the better to com- 
~ it, «iHt€oii«(iottly divided 

horn it by an t^Jatutde, QtofS 
Space, the bm*r to hinder thxf 
Approach of an Edemy. Sef 
that the Citadel defends the In- 
habitants, if'thfty continue at 
their Duty, and pbnifhes themr 
if tliey revok." Befiegers ahvays 
attack the City iirll, that, beings 
Mafters of it; they may cover 
dienyfefves die better againft the 
ftre of thte Citadel, its havhig 
Baftions dxftxDgtrifties it fi'om r 
CsMi. Sometimes the Citadel 
Hands half within; and half with- 
buftheRampartsofthePlice. ^ 
•Clares. Af e the fame we coiir- 
monly csAl ffur/lks,* bf WattUii 
being made of ilr'obg'Sulces, in- 
terwoven with Oaicrs^ or other 
ftnafl pKable Twigs, and tfai^ 
clofer the bettfr. They are ge- 
nerally about fivd or fix Feet 
long, and three, of three and a 
hidf broad. . Tim Ufe of them 
is to 'Cover Lodments over 
Head; with mudi Earth heap*d 
on them to fecure the Men x- 
^aaxA, the t^ireWorks, and Stones 
Sirown by the Beiieged. They 
are alfo call into a Ditch that 
'has been drained, for the Be- 
%egen to pifs over on them 
without (Uckkg in the Mud. 

^0 that the Trmcbes.- To 
best out thofe that acre to guard 
Hiem with a vigorous Sally from 
the P&ure beliegid ; to throw 
downtheParapet, CIl theTrcnch|; 
and nail the Caxmon. 

JoCbyGms. Vide To Nail. 

Cofn. A Depth funk in ths 
Bottom of a dry Ditch, of about 
fix or feveh Foot wide, and the 
Length of it the whole Breadth 
of tho'iiid Oaldi firom Sidttor 


M^. Itis..oQVfr'dwiAJ«ab. 

jtlfitjie^ and £axtKxaIa*d two 
feet s^bove die. Bottom of tke 
Ditch ; wibicji Rifiog ferves ia- 
itead of AFarapct» with Lqcm^ 
J^Gles^^it ; And thU Worfct 
being made at Lai^ure bythr 
3efieged» feryc^ to ire on the 
»BefiegerS|^ When th^y attempt, to 
crofft the Ditch* Its Length di- 
/linguiihes the Ccjfre from the 
Capofmien^ which does not reach 
the whole Breadth of the Ditch ; 
and it dif en from Xht Tran/erfg 
and Gallery^ in that thefe two 
ju-e made hy the ^eiiegeii, and 
^heC^r#i)ytheBefieged. The 
^Aegen efauU^ or cover them- 
/elves againil the Coffres, hy 
throwing up the Earth on that 
Side on i^hich (he Muskiiteers in 

Coffr^ IS idfo taken for the 
^ame as Caijon, Vide Qmjffom^ 

Colonel. T'heCommaiMiiqr in 
Chief of A Regiment, «uha: of 
Horfe, Foot,, or Dragoons in 
JEngUuidj £ut in frmcti and 
Sfai/i they, gall the jCoknels of 
<Horfe Maltres de Cafitp. Colo- 
nels of Foot take P4ace» and 
•command one another, ficcording 
to the Antiqujgr of their Regi- 
ments, and not of their Com- 
miffions i b^t thofe of Horfe, on 
the contrary, ^ccordin^ to the 
Date of their Commiinons, with- 
out regard to the Antiquity of 
the Regiments, Their PoM ^ 
the^H^ of the Regiments is 
ihree. Paces before the Captains. 
Generals of Horfe, Foot, and 
Pragoons are ufually Colonels, 
whofe Authority extends parti- 
i:uIaf]Y over, each of their xe- 


fpttOivt Bodiisw ArC^lMl 

may hy an Officet «tf fais R«gi- 
foait in Arreft,. bnt-wnft a«- 
quaint the General Hfitkiu He 
ianot aUow*d a Goatfd^ but only 
a Centinel from the tQ^nrttr 

Columti. The long File, « 
Row of Troopc, or ^ the JBaff- 
gage of an Ann^ oaits Mara. 
So, *TomarchuiaCalamn%ts 
to march a great Depth, orina 
iong File, iaHcad of making.a 
large Front. An Army marahas 
in on^, two, threei or more 
Columns aconrding asditGround 
will allow, and the Chief G«ro>- 
ral fees expedient, each Colinm 
being led by a General Officer. 

CoMtmeni, Wonl of Com- 
mand. The Teems ufed by 
Officers in Exeidfe, or upoh 

C0mmatidiMg Crutml. Ariiing 
Ground which overlooks any 
Poft, or ftrong Place. There 
are three Soru of ConqMnding 

Jt FroMt Cammttmfffig Grotind, 
A Height oppojitie^o <he Face 
of the roft which p^n vpon its 

J Re'uerfi CommamKng Ground^ 
An Eminence, whichplays npon 
the Back ofaPoft. 

Jm Enfilade CommamdutgGrpmd, 
fiT Qirtin Commamdhig Grtrntd. 
A h%h Place which with ifs 
Shot (cottrsali •the Length of a 

(kmmjfarj General of the 
MttfterL, or MufterMmJkrGenerat, 
He tak^sAccount of ^e Strength 
of eveiy Regim<nt» us often as 
the General pl^l^^i TVicvs 
c theai. 

c o 

tiioBk, re«s the Hoffe be wdi 
moulded, and all the Men well 
arai'd and accoatrcd. He re* 
ceives and infpedbthe Muftcr 
Rolls, and knows moMy an 
Army's Strength. 

Comtnijffary General tf thi 
Stores, An Officer in the Artil- 
lery, who has the Charge <A afl 
the Stores, for which he is ac- 
countable to the Office of Ord- 
nance. He is allowed an Affif- 
tant, Clerks, and Conductors 
under him. 

C^tnrnijfary cf tht Horfes. An 
Officer likewifc of the Artillery, 
.who has the Infpedion oi the 
Artillery Horfes, having under 
him a Number of Condn^rs 
of Horfes for his AOiilants. 

CGiTvnijJary Genfral of Provi- 
fions, Has the Charge of fur 
nilhing the Army with ail Sorts 
of Provifions, and maft be very 
vigilant and induftrtous, ihat 
they may never fuflfer Want. 

Ccmmiffion. The Authority 
by which every Officar aAs in 
his Foil, fign'd by the King, 
or by his General, if he be im- 

CommtJJion Off.cers, Vide Of- 
ficcn, # 

Cemwunication, See Line of 
Commuuii at ion. 

Compatr^, A fmall Body of 
Foot, the Number never fix'd, 
but generally from 50 to 75, 
commanded, by a Captain, who 
has under him a Lieutenant and 
an Enfign, and fometinies two 
Lieutenants. A Company has 
uiually three Serjeants, three 
Corporals, and twoJJrums. In 
iiie Guards the Companies coa- 

c o 

Ml of^o Men each. - Pomterf^ 
two Thirds, of the Ccbnpaay 
were armM with Muskets, tod 
the Rft with Pikes. 

Indefemdera Cdmfdt^. That 
which is not meorjlomtcd at i^ 

CtmpliMiat ofthwCurHT, Is 
thjR. Part of the iifttrior Side 
which forms the D^migerge. 
' CiHtriwmlUtiott. K Trendk 
•with a Panpeti wMdi the Be- 
fiegers cover themftlves wkb, 
next the Place beiieged, to de- 
fend ri^eaA againft the Salfiea of 
Che Garrifon : So that the Ar- 
my forming a Siege, lies bettveeii 
the Lines of Cii«OtilYal)adoti 
and Contra vallation. This Line 
is carried on without Mtisket 
Shot of tile Town, and fcnne- 
times gocsi^uite round it, fome- 
times not, according as the Ge- 
neral fees Occafion. It fhoald 
be made in the fame Manner as 
the Line of Circumvallation. 
Which Word fee. 

Contre ^eue d^Trondcj or Cavv- 
ter SnvaiJciiv^s Tail, An Out- 
work in the Form of a fingle 
Teftaille, wider next the Place, 
that is, at the Gorge, than at 
theHead, or next the Campaign ; 
which is the contrary to the 
i^tte d^Tronda^ or ^ncalUv^^^ 
Tail^ this being the wtdeft art the 
Head* The Sides of the Gmtn 
^ieud are not fo well flankM 
from the Place as thofe of the 
^ifu'e d^Yrendi^ or $RWill9^'*s 
Tail^ ^d therefore it is not fo 

Ccntrihutiim, An Iiki|iofiti<m, 
or Tax, paid by all Frontiet 
Countries, to redeem chemfelves 

^- from 


fpNon fayejug pluaderM mi de- 
firoy'd by the Enemy. 
. Converfion^ A Milkary Mo- 
tion which turas' the Front of 
^ Battalion where the Flank 
svas^ when the Flank is attacked. 

Convoy. A Supply .of Men^ 
Money, Ammunition, and Pro- 
tjUsoiis, conveyed into a Town» 
or to an Aimy. The Body of 
Men iikewife that marches to 
iecure ai^ thing frqni the Enemy 
is called a Convoy. 

Q^fer Boats. Vide Brii^e* 

CorhtiUu. Wd&Baskeu. * 

Cwdeau. A Line divided intp 
<Fa;thoins, Feet, ^c. to mark 
Outworks oa the Gronad, us^d 
by Engineers. 

Cmrdon. Is a Batting out of 
£tone, commonly round, run- 
jaing roonid the Wall towards the 

Coridor, Vide Coverit-nvay . 

Cmrnet, ^ T^e third Commif- 
Jion OfHcer belonging to evczy 
Troop of Horfe, fubordinate to 
the Captain and Lieutenant^ 
equivalent to the Eniign among 
the Foot. His principal Duty 
is to carry the Staiadiirdy near the 
jatddle of the £rfl Rank of the 

Comi/b'TM of a Gun. The 
next .King fiom the Muzzle 

CorporaL All inferiot Officer 
of Foot, under a Serjeant, who 
has Charge of one of the Divi- 
ilons of a Company, places and 
relieves Centinels, and keeps 
good Order In the Corps de Garde, 
Ue receives tlie Word of the 
nferior Rounds that pafs by h{s 
Qorpi dt Garde, Every Com- 

c o 

i»a9y, if fittall; has u&ally dime 
Corporals ; but more^ if nU'- 

Qjitps de Garde, AFodfome* 
.times under Covect, and fome- 
times in the open Air» to receive 
a Number of Men who are re- 
lieved from Time to Time, to 
watch, i^L their Turns for the 
Security of fome more coniide- 
rable Pofl. This Word Corps 
:dt Garden does not only Uglify 
the Poft, bat the Men in it. , 

Corps de BaftailU, The main 
Body of an Army drawn ujp for 
Battle, wherepf the firft J^ine is 
caird the Van^ the fecond the 
Corps de BattmiU or hjiain Bat^ 
tle^ and the third the Corps 4* 
Reft:r*ue^ Body of Re/er^e^ or 
Rear Guard. Vide Battle. 

Corps de Rejer^e, Vide Line 
ef Battle^ and Rear Guard, 

Convert ijuay. In French ^ (bf- 
mn Covertf or Condor. A Space 
of Ground level with the Field, 
upon the Edge of the Ditch, 
three or four Fathom wide, and 
covered with a Parapet, or 
Breall work, running all round 
the Moat, and Hoping gently 
towards the Campaign. It has 
alfo a Foot- bank or Banquet. 
One of the greateit Di&culcies 
in a Siege, is to make a Lodg^ 
ment on theO?'&r/'/-a(;a)^,becaufe 
.generally the hefieged Pallifadoe 
is along the Middle, and un- 
dermine it on all Sides. This 
is commonly caiPd the Counter^ 
/cnrp, bccaufe it is on the Edge 
of it. The Slope is called the 
Glacis. The Paifipet of a C$- 
n;ert'i»aj. is about ilx Foot high^ 
and fpr^i^ a fai^l^t Angle befc^e 
e a the 

ttre Cbftbi, which fctires for n 
Flaccof Attn*. 

CniHfir' Jfptoachfs. Lines or 

•rTmicfew txnied on by the Be- 

ftrged, whr^ they come out to 

"attftck the Linet of the Befiegen 

irt Form, or prevent Approaches. 

^er Counter ^Treiwhcs . 

QmnttrBmttiry, A Batterjr 
'that plays upon another,. lo dif 
*3noant the Guns; 

Cmtntir Gmtni, in French 
'CoMifi GttarJ, or E/i^tUpe, A 
fbiatl Kampart, with a Parapet 
and Ditch, to cover fome Part 
of the Body of the Plaice. 
There are Counter Guards of 
feveral Shapes, and differently 
fituated. Thofe ratfed before 
the Point of a Baftion, coaftft ef 
two Facei, making an Angle 
Haitlant, and parallel to the 
Facel df the iiaftioir. Thofe 
which cover one of the Faces 
of the Baflion, are fliap^d like 
^ Demi Biiftion, witka Parapet 
tlipon the Face and Capital, bat 
none on the Mank, which, miift 
be open and expofed to die Fire 
•f the Place. This Name of 
Counter Guard is not much- m- 
Ufe at prefcntamong Engineers,, 
who call it ufually an Envelope. 

Counter Line. Vide Contra^ 

CounNrmarch. When the FU^ 
^buQtermaroh, it changes the 
Face, or Front, of the Batta- 
lion ; and when Ranks counter- 
jnardi, ft is exchanging the 
Wings of the Battalion. The 
Fil^ countermarch to bring 
thofe that ate in the Front to 
the Rear,' which- is proper when 
^ Battalion is charged in the 


"Rear, afidtheCeriniandeMrdalS 
have the Fil^ Leaders;. wfia:aA 
generally dMaito Men, taketiie 
Place or the BringersTipr The 
Ranks countermarch, when k is 
required thitone'Witfg of the 
^Battalion Aioald exchange its 
Ground* with the' other.- Asi 
Army coumermarches todilap- 
'point or amufe aii' EBemy^ when 
going fuddenfy tdanyProjeft. 

CotnttermfM0. A Well, ar 
Hole, funk ilttio the Ground-, 
^(■om whkh a Galteiy or Branch 
runs out under Groutid, to ferfc 
out the Entoiy's Mine, mid dif- 
tippoirit it. The Woid is aUe 
uM when the Be§egers have 
pafTed the Fort, and- |»nt the 
miner to the Fdot of the Ram- 
part. Thefe Countermines are 
either made when- the Baftion is 
raifed, or afterwards, when it is 

Countcrfiarp, Is properiy^die 
exterior Talus ^ or Slope 
of the Ditch, on the farther 
• Side from the Place, and facing 
it. But by this Name is com- 
monly meant the' Covert-*vjay 
and Glacis^ and in this Senfe, it 
hr faid the Enemy *tittackM the 
Counterfcarp,. or * lodgM thenr- 
felves on the Counterfcarp. 

CoufttirfcArf, Ditih of the 
CounttrfcAff. -Vide A'vamt F^Jk, 

Counter Snvai/ow^s Tas/, See 
Cofttre^sue d^YronJe. 

GmnterTrrticBf I, Trtnctics caft 
up ' agafnft' the Befiegers, which 
confequentl)^ have their Parapet 
towards them, and are enfiladed 
from feveral Pairts of the Place, 
to hinder the Bnemy from mak- 
ing Ufe of them, whci they 



•flrr MftAen of 4hein. Bat C«e 
nmft be tftiUn- that they be not 
eoftladed^* (tf «Ofl*iumdeti bf 
^9B))r Eniinescc poifefled by the 
£oeiDy • 

Croah. '> Properly Ac People 
ef Gna^i BmmFrmuithatt 
h t Regiment of HorCe fo cal- 
led, beowCeM firft they were of 
that Nation, tho* now they are 
all Ftmeh^ fl» are thoft Ihey 631 
^al\xht^eoUbGeikU»m*i. Thefe 
CnMi/i are oomnHuided upon all 
< teip er M e Scvvice^; and there- 
fore in a Battle they are poftcd 
on the WingSy a Ikde advuiced 
bcfoie theodberSqnadroiis, upon 
the Line with (he Dragoon^. 
See Tand^nn, 

CrwotrlFork. In French C^- 
'vragg tf Qomrtmte^ An Out- 
gone that takes up more Ground 
than any other. It is made up 
of a h^e Gorge, and cwa Sidu 
terminating towards the Cam- 
paign in two Demi Baftions, 
each of which is joinM by a 
particular Curtin to a whole fia- 
^ion, that b at the Head of the 
Work. CrownWorksare madb 
to cover fome large Spot of 
Ground, to fecure fome Emr- 
nence, or to defend the Heaul 
of a Camp that is intrenched. 

Crtfwsfiity Caltrops^ or Cbauf- 
fe-'trapis. Pour-pointed Irons fo 
made, that what Way foever 
they fall, one Pbint is up, being 
two, three, or four Inches long^; 
the (hort ones to drew on Bridges, 
or Planks, the longer on the 
Earth. Both to incommode the 
Cavalry, that they may not ap- 
proach without great Difficulty, 

die Po&it th*t ftkks op mnftii^ 
into the Horfes Foe^ < 

JCkSe, A geneta). loathe'-' 
Term, ^gnafyiog a A»bl 
Body, every way fqiiare. 
. CMeaL The Body that is (b 
folid and iqiiaxe-; aA a- Cubical 
Foot, that is, aPootiquarcevcrf 
way of any Snbftatkce^ . 

Gmrmjfiirt. Horfo that wear 
Armour, as fiack> BtfeaA, an4 
Head Pieces. MoftoC^)leC^- 
mtfff Cavalry are Ouii^eis as 
are alfo wmt of €he/VvM«^ 
but we have had none ia ^Mg- 
Jami fince the laft R^voioiiofli. 

Cml'verin of the leail SiaoA A 
Gun £ve Inches piaaieter ia t|u: 
Bofo, 4000I&. Weight, uke& a 
Charge of ten Pounds of Pow- 
der, and carries 4. Bail four 
Incbes and fix Eights Diame- 
tar^ and 16 Pounds Weight. Ita 
Random Shot is i So Paces. . 

Cul*uerin Ordinary^ Is €1*6- 
Inches two Eighths Diameter in 
the Bore, 4500 {^)unds Weighs 
takes 1 1 Pounds 6 Ounces Charge 
of Powder, and carries a Bali c 
Inches Diameter, and 1 8 Pbiuu^ 

Cuboerin of the largeft Size, 
is I Indies 4 Eighths Diameter 
in the Bore, 48001b. Weight, 
takes a Charge of 1 2 Pounds 8 
Ounces of Powder, and carries 
a Shot 5 Inches and 2 Eighths 
Diameter, and 2oib. Weight. 
This and the lalt are good faat,- 
tering Cannon, but too heavy 
for Field Service. 

CurtHi. That Part of the 
Wall, or Rampart, that lies be- 
tween the Flanks of two Ba- 


W their Attaoc's againit it^ be- 
caufe it is tlb« )»eil flunked of 
iuiy Party but on the Faces of 
the Baitioitti wbidb are defefided 
but by ofieF^ank. 

Cuttinii off. Vide Ritrnub* 

Cwvttte^ or Csmetu, A deepen 
Trench cut along the Middle of 
the dry Ditch* ^nd ^neral^ 
carried down Hiil there be Wa- 
ter to fill it. This is a Qitioh 
within a Pitchy and run& all the 

Ltnfjik of it, the better to lt«ef 
oiF thie Eoctj^J. The Breadtii 
of it ought to be 1 8 or 20 Feet, 
It is good to prevent the fie* 
fiegers raining* 

Cyiiudo', Concave .Cyliocler 
of a Gaiety all the Jbollow 
J^^ength of a Piepe^ or the Bore. 

CkargedCjUtidtr. The Chana* 
ber, or that Pajt which receive 
iJbi^ Cbi^geof Powder and Shot, 

F^canrf^mUr, That Flair 
of the Iiidlow whic^ tpBO^m 
empty %h^n the G^q is c)yug'di» 


T\£cagoH, A Polygon Figure 
that has ten Sides and as 
tnany Angles^ capable of being 
fortiiSed with ten fiaflions. 

To Decamf, To raifc the 
Campf to break up from the 
Place where the Army lay cn- 
campedy and march away. 

Defence. Line . of Defence^ 
Vide Line. 

Defence cf a Place. All thofe 
Parts of a mortification that ftaok 
other Parts, as the Parapets ^ 
Cazemattes^ or Fauffe Brajes^ 
which face and defend thofe 
Polls that are oppofite to them. 
It is almoll impoiUble to fbc the 
Miner to the Face of a Baition, 
^till the Defences of the oppo- 
fite Baftlon are ruinM ; that is, 
*till the Parapet of its Flank is 
beaten down, and the Cannon in 
all Parts, that can £re upon that 
Face which is attacked, are dif- 

f fl be in u Pofure of Defence^ 

Is to be ready and provided tar 
gppofe an Enemy. As ' Our 
.t^c<V>ubt is ija a gopd Paihire 
of Defence.;* thatis^ the Wor]p 
of it is £nifh'd, and it can op- 
.pofe an Enemy. 

Defile. A narrow Pais, or 
Way, where Troops cannot 
mar^ but by making a fmail 
Front, and therefore are forced 
to file oF# which gives the Enemy 
an Opportunity of charging 
them more aovantageouily, pe- 
caufe the Rear cannot come op 
to relieve the Front. 

To dtfile^ Is toreducean Army 
to a fmall Froat, to naiirch thro' . 
,fuch a narrow Pailage. 

Degree. .Tbp' this Term pro* 
perly belong;} to Geometry, it 
IS fo often tt(ed in P'ortification^ 
that it will not be improper to 
declare it is a fmall Part of an 
Arch of a Circle, whereof eveiy 
Circle contains 360, whickfen^ 
to meafure the Content of thtf 


D E 

A«^A S^•we fey an Atigffe h 
of 20, of 50, or of 70 Dtegrcw, 
i^ mor«. Vide A^/ir. 
• 0mi Bdfhm. Vidtf AffjftW. 
Pnm Canmn lm»&fi, A grcfdt 
Ovn thAt carries a B^H of ^db. 
Weight; ahd 6 indies Diameter. 
I« Ctulfefe of Poivder t4ib. It 
lho6ts pb2nt-b1ank i;6 Pace^. 
Tic WdJ^t of it 540olb. the 
Length 11 or i2reet. The 
IKameter of die Bore 6 Itidie^, 
two 8 Parts. 

great Gtm 6 Inches 4 Eights 
Diameter in the Bore» 12 or 
13 Feet long, weighs 5600H). 
takes a Charge of 1 7 Pounds 8 
OoAcin of Powder, carries a 
Shot 6 Inches i fi^th Diametef , 
and 321b. Weight, and ihoots 
point-blank 162 Paces. 
' Detfti CamoH tf the greafeft 
Size, A Gun 6 Feet, 6 cigfit 
farts Diameter in the Bore, fVom 
J 2 to 14 Feet long, 6ooolb. 
tVeight i takes a Chargeof 1 8lb. 
0f Powder; carries a BaH 6 
Inches ; Eighths Diameter, and 
361b. Wcicht. This Piece ftioots 
point-blank 180 Paces. 
' Dem Culwrin of the bnvifi 
Size, A Gun 4 Indies 2 Eighths 
Diameter in the Bore, 8 or 9 
Feet long, aobolb. Weight; 
takes a ChaigEe of 6 Pound 4 
Ounces of Powder, carries a 
pall 4 Inches Diameter, and 91b. 
Weight, and (hoots point- plank 
1 74 Paces. 

Dem Culverift Ordinnry. A 

Gun 4 Inches 4 Eighths Diamls- 

ter in the Bore, 9 Feet Ibn^, 

27odb. Weight, ciaayM with 7 

'founds 4 Ounces of Powder; 


tarA^'i BaH 4 fnclie^ 2 Emht^ 
jyhrAztttt and to Pound x'\ 
Ounces Weight. liftbetspoiint- 
Wank 175 Paces. 

Dmi Cul'Verifif eUer Sort. A 
Onn 4 Inches and 6 Eighths I>ia- 
meter in the Bore, 10 Feet il^ 
Liength, 3000 Pounds Weight, 
tfaargM with ^Pounds 8 Ounces 
of Pdwder, alid carries a BaH 
4 Inches 4 Eighths Dhonete^, 
and I a Pounds ti Ounces 
Weight. .Its point-blank Shdt 
178 Paces. The Demi Culre- 
rins are rery good Field Pieces. 
Demi Oorgi. Half the Gorge, 
or Entrance into the Baftion, 
not taken dire&ljr from Angle 
to Angle where the Baftion 
joins to the Curtin, but ftom the 
^ngle of the Flank to the Cen- 
tre of the Baftion, or Angle the 
two Cmtins would make, wesie 
they protra6(ed to meet in the 
Baftlon. Vide Oorge, 

Depth if a SquAOron vr Satta^' 
tkn. The Number of Men there 
is in a File. That of a Squadron 
is always thtee, and that of a 
Battalion generally fix. So we 
fay, the Battalion is drawn up 
fix deep, or fire deep. 

Defcents into the Ditch, 
Trenches or Guts made by w^ 
of Safpty in the Ground of tlfe 
Counterfcarp, under the Covert^ 
tvay, and coverM with Ma- 
driers, that is. Planks, or witli 
Clays, thzt is. Hurdles dole 
bound together, and well loaded 
'with Earth tofecure themagainft 
Fire. In Ditches that are fill 
of Water, the Defcent is made 
even ta the Superficies of the 
Water, and then the Ditch is 



f)kdm tkc ff]^/ i* carried Dtvi/kni^MBtttaiim, The 

damm to tke BoUov, ami tbcy fmnd hu^ls iaco whidi a 

/iMks Tnmnfif in it, citKer to Battalion is divided in buur^- 

.]od|r Jthonfeives, or fecure tkc ii^tConiillitteyencnMy of about 

fMciicn fix Fifes eadb, and kd br tbe 

. Dffirttr. A Soldier that mm Xieotcnantt and y^tfigy^ tbe 

]mm»f lo tbe Enemjr^ or dbat Cantains narcUaf intbeFionc 

qntt the Service without Lcavcv JtndRear. TheDivifiojpttof an 

m' ran finn one Regiment to ,Anny are the JtrigpidM. 

■noihtr. Percrtersirei^nilhM D^cafn, A Figure that 

•viptlk Death. has twelve Sides, aiid as many 

. Deis0cimfmf^ A Number of Andes, catpable of being fbtti* 

Men dfswn oot of one or more fy'a with tnc iame Numbef- |i^ 

jpcater Bodies; either to mount fiafUons. 

Gaaidmoake an Attack, icour Do^r. A Baiket of a pecur 

the Connoy, or other Service. liar Form, flat on one Side, for 

Sonctuacs a flying Army is the Mqi to cany Earth ia upon 

.made vp of Detadunents in- their Backs. 

Scad of whole Jtegimcnts. ^ Don-Jon^ is a Plaqp of Re- 

T^difianmf. The vulgar and treat, to <9{>itnla|e with mose 

.^eocnl Meaning i& to anhorfe^ Advjknt^gfi, iff C^e of Neoeif- 

ju^ to difmowt Cavalry: But^ fity. 

t0 Sfinwt CatmoMf. is to JDwUt T€MiUi. Vide 7>«»* 

thcow them o^ the Carriages, Hit,. 

Impk thefe, and render thinp To^ D'ouhle, To put two 

MpitlbrSeprice. Ranks into one, or two Files 

Di^i. To di&vt a Ca^* into one, according as the Word 

.mm, IS to iet a Mark on the of Command cxpreiHi^ it. As 

Mnxale Ring to be of an equal DouUe yomr Xamb, is for the 

Height, or Level with the Bafe fecond, fourth, »si4 ^th Rank^ 

(6 that a Line drawn bc^ to march into the £rft, third an^ 

twecn them ^all be parallel to ilt^a (o tiizt of fix Ranks they 

the Axis of the Concave Cv- make but three, leaving douUe 

linder, for the Gunner to take the Interval there was l^etweea 

Aim by it at the Mark he is tp them before; which is not fo 

Jhoot; for the Bore and this be- when they double by half Files, 

iog. parallel, the Aim taken by becaufe then three Ranks Hand 

it maft be true. This Line is together, and the three, others 

called the Difpart of a Gun^ and come up to double them ; that 

is found by a Pair of Calliber is, the firfi, feoond and third, aap 

jpompafies. doubled by the fourth, fifth anji 

Pitcb. Vide Moat. fixth, or the contrary. D^mhU 



'Jfmtr PHm^ is for eirer)rotker File 

to march mt6 t&atwhlch is next 

^to k on die Right 'ot Left, as 

« the Word of Coiiimand direds, 

«nd then th#lbr lUnks ate turti*d 

* into twehre, cbe Meti danding 
twelve ndecrp, and the Diftance 

"httwean the Hlet is doable 
what it was before. 

' />r6,|«M/.Mtti^aeteersmount- 
edyWho fervefoihetimes onFoot, 
•find fometimes on Horfeback ; 
being always r^d/ upon any 
QThing that reqtii)^ B^^yedition, 

'^ being able €o' keep Pace with 
the Horfey and do the Service 
of Foot. Ih Btttle, ' or apon 

* Attadcsy they "ar^ commonly the 

* EnfamftrdiUy or FotlorriHope, 
being the firft that fkU (in. In 
the FieW they' encamp either at 
the Head Of the Afitiy, or on 
the Wiiigsi to c6ver(he others, 
and be the firft at their Arms. 
Thfey are divided intof Brigades, 
as the Cavalry, and eath Regi- 

* tnent into Troops. * -They have 
' Colonels, Lieutenant Colbhefc, 
'Captains, Lieatenants, anfd Oof 

nets like the Horfe, and Ser 
jeants and Corporals like the 
foot, but atis loOkM u^n las 
Foot. ' Their MsiHid Miifkk 
\i Drtihis, and fbhy^times Baf- 
*foons and Haud^bys. 
' Dra^ Bridge, Yide Sndge. 

Drain. A Ti'toch cut to 
^raw the Water out of a Moat. 
As fooil as the Moat is drain*d, 
•they caft into it a ^laye, covered 
•witii Earth, or Bundles of 
ftuihes whii Planks on them, to 
fnake a Pafiage over the Mud: 

Droit AHtuks. Vide JttackL 

* Drum. Either the Martkl 

Inibument itfidTiMTd^^ Fiot 
and Dragoons^ or' the Man that 
beats it; which ^^fe: dfifkie «Mer 
• feveral Manners, ^ekher t^'^e 
Notice to the Troops of wliat 
they are to do, orto daMbd 
Liberty to make fome Propolal 
to an Enemy. Every Regkncnt 
of Foot has a Drum Msjor, 
who comtifiLttds dl th^ reft; ^and 
every Company has two; three, 
or four Drams, as the Menwe 
in Number. To heat the Getre* 
rai, is to give 'Notice to the 
Forces that they are to march. 
To heat the jfjfemhfy, or ?>»^, 
is to order the Men- to rtpkit to 
their Colours. To heat irtfe 
March, is to command them to 
move; To heat the Tet-to&j is 
to order all to retire to their 
•Qjiartert. To heat the Rewi 7e^ 
at Break of Day, is to warn the 
Sbldiers to rife, and the Cenci- 
-neU to forb^air Challenging, and 
to give Leate^ to eonte t>at of 
••-Quarters-. To heae a' Ch^tge, 
is SL Signal to fail upon die 
the Enemy. T6 heat a Retreat^ 
is a'^ignaJ to dmw of fi-om die 
» Enemy. To htat t& Armsf* ys 
for Soldiers that are^difpers^d to 
^repair to them. To heat -a 
'Ca/fy i^tpadvertifetheSoldiert 
to ftand to theh* A rms. To heett 
an Alarniy is* to give Notice of 
fuddeit Dangef, that all may be 
hi Bfeadinefs. T<^heara l^arity^ 
or Cbamadc^ is a Sigmct to de- 
mand fome Conference wwh she 
Enemy. When a' BatfaAiob :^ 
drawn'up, the Drums areotithe 
flanks; and when itmardMlBy 
Divifions, or Sabdiviiioils/they 
march between them, 

f D^.y 


. Duty. ThcExercifeof thofe 
Fondions that belong to a Sol- 
dier ; yet with this nice Dillinc- 
tion however, that Duty is coan- 
te3 the Moanting Guard, and 

E N. 

the like, where thfert is not »it 
Enemy dire£lly't6 be engaged; 
for when thcj* march ^o meet 
the Enemy, ic is call d Going 
upon Service* 


JiJR7H Sags. ^tCoiivas 

Ecbm-pe. To batter en Etharfe, 
is to batter obliquely, or Tide- 
ways. Vide Battery. 

EcboMgette. Vide Gueritte^ 

Elder Battalion^ or Officer. A 
Battalion is counted elder tha)i 
another , by the Time fmce it 
was raifcd. See more of this 
under the Word Seniority. 

Emhr azures. The Gaps, Cuts, 
or Loop-holes^ left open in a 
Parapet for the Cannon to fire 
thro\ The ufual Dif^ancs be- 
tween the Embrazures is gener- 
ally 12 Feet, for the Conve*- 
niency of the Gunners, and that 
the Parapet may not be too 
much weaken'd. Every Bm- 
brazure is three Feet above the 
Platform next to the Cannon, 
and a Foot and a half next^the 
Campaign, to fmk the Muzzle, 
and play low. Each of them 
is about three Feet wide within, 
and about fix or feven without 
for the Convenicncy of oSHverf- 
iog the Guns. See Battery. 

Eminence^ ox Height, Arifing: 
Ground that overlooks, and. 
commands that under Ji. 

Empattement. The fame as- 
^aluSf which fee. 

-Enceinte. ThcW^l or Ram- 

jgart which furrounds a Place ; 

. lomc(imes comfofed of Baftiona 

and Curtins, either Faced withr 
Brick or Stohe, or only made 
of Earth; fometimes only flank- 
ed by round or louai-e Towers,, 
which is called a Kidfnan Wall. 

Enfant perim. Men detached 
from fevcral Rcgiiiiente, or 
otherwiie appointed to give the 
iiril <infet in Battle, or an 
Attack upon the Counterfcarp, 
or the Breach oF a Place &efieg*d ; 
fo caird becaiifc of the imn)inen£ 
Danger the]^ are expofed to. 
In England they aire commonl)^ 
call'd, ne Forloni Hopi. 

Enfilade^ The Situation of a 
Foil, which can difcove): and 
fcouc all the Length of a fbaic 
Lint, which, by that Means,, 
is rendered almoid defencelefs. 

"To EnJiU^ or EMade the 
Qirtin or Rampart. To fweep 
the whole Length of it with the 
Shot. In condufling the Ap- 
proaches of a. Siege, Care mull be. 
taken that they be not en£iad- 
edfromtheWprks of the Place ; 
but that they be carried on with. 
Windings and Turnings up %o 
the Glacis, and then ilrait for- 
wards, being funk deep in the 
Ground,and covered overHead. 

Enneagon. A J^igure that has 
nine Sides, and at many Angles,, 
capable of bemg fortified with 
the fame Nu^nber orBaftions. 

Efijgn. Tiie Officer "that 


E N 

carries the Colours among tlue 
^ooty ^nd 19 the loiveft Uom- 
tniffion Officer in the Company, 
being fubordinate to the Captain 
^and Lieutenant. He has the 
Charge of the Enfign* in Battle, 
^d is to die rather than lofe hi» 
Colours. If he be killM, the Cap- 
tain h to take them in his Stead, 

Envelope. A Work of Earth 
raisM fometimes in the Ditch of 
a Place, fometimes beyond the 
Ditch: Sometimes like a plain 
Parapet, and fometimes like a 
imall Rampart with a Parapet 
to it. fmjilopes are generally 
made, when weak Places are 
cpver^d only with bare Lines, 
and -cither they cannot, or will 
cot ib^tch out towards the Cam- 
p^gn with Half Moons, Horn* 
works, Tenailles, or the like 
Works which, require much 
Ground. The Envelopes in a 
Ditch are fometimes jcall'd SH' 
/om, Contre Gardes, fior^er^ves, 
or Lufiettej, See Sil^ott, Centre 
Garde, Lunettes, 

^Pf^^^'^ <^ Shpulder of a Baf- 
tion. The Space contained by 
.the, Angle, made by the Union 
of the Face and Flank j whence 
i^ Angle is caird, 7he Angle of 
the Epaule, or Shoulder. 

Epaulment. A Work to cover 
ailde, or Side-ways, made either 
of Earth thrown up, of Bags of 
Earth, of Gabions, or of Fafcines 
a^id Earth. The Epaulments of 
the Places of Arms for the Caval- 
ry , behind .theTrenc})es,are gene- 
r;dly only of Fafcines and Earth. 

Epaulment^ is alfo taken for a 
pcifd Bajiim. Vide Bajiion. 

LpaulmetU^ or S^tfare OrMn, 

E T 

A MaCs of Earth almoft fquarf ^^ 
and faced or lined with a Wal], 
to cover the Cannon of a Caze* 
matte. Vide Orillon, 

Eptagon, See Heptagon. 

Equilateral. A Figure thajC 
i^as all its Sides equal. 

E/calade. Vide Scalade. 

Ejcarf, Vide Scarf, 

Efcouade. Generally . is the 
-third PartoFa Company of Foot^ 
fo divided for mounting of 
Guards, and relieving one ano- 
ther : Equivalent . to a Brigade 
of Horfe, 

Efplanade, It properly Signi- 
fies the Sloping of the Parapet 
of the Covert yi%y towards thp 
Campaign, and is therefore the 
fame as the Glacis of the Coun- 
terfcarp; but begins to b^ 
antiquated in that Senie, and is 
now only taken •for the empty 
Space between the Glacis of f 
Citadel, and the firft Houfes of 
a Town. 

Efioile. Vide Star Redouht. 

Etappe, An Allowance of 
Provifions and Forage, for 
Soldiers in their March througl^ 
a Hingdom, to or from Winter 
CJuarters. . 

Etappier, One that contrafts 
with a Country, or Territory, 
for furnilhing Troops in their 
March with Provifions, and 
Forage. The Etappiers are to 
deliver the Etappe to the Majors 
of Horfe, or Foot, and in their 
Abfence to the Quarter Mafters 
of each Troop of Horfe, or 
Sergeants of the Company of 
Foot. They arc forbid giving 
Soldiers their Etappe in Money. 
Sometimes the Etappiers and 

fa Officer* 

Officers compCKind for a Sosi of 
'Moncj, and obhge the boldiert 
to make two Days Jlfarch in 
one ; which is great harrafling 
of Men and Horfes, and a 
jiotoHoiM Fnio4. 

Bvo/ations. The Motions 
made by a Body of Men in 
changing'their Poflare, or Form 
of drawing up, to make goo^ 
che Ground or Poll they arc on, 
or poiTefs themfelves of another* 
that ihey may either atuck the 

F A 

Enemy, or receive liis Onf*t 
more advantageoufly. The E- 
nnlutions are Doubling ef Ravkt 
5>r Files, Cnorter Marches j and 

Exagms. See Hexagm. 

Exerd/e. /rtic PraAice of afl 
thofe M6tions and Adions, and 
the whole Management of Anns 
a Soldier is to be perfed in, to 
be fit for Service, and make 
him underftand how to attack 
and defend. 


P^CS of. a Bafiion. . The two 
foremoft f idei, reaching hroih 
the' Flanl^s tothePoiiit of the 
Baftion where they meet, are 
caird the Faces. Thefe are 
comriiohly the firft undermin'd, 
becaufe they reach fartheft out; 
and are leail flankM, and there- 
fore \ycfdceft. But even before 
^is can Be done,' the oppofite 
Flank, which defends thePalTage 
of the Moat, (hould be ruined. ' 
\, Face of a Place, callM alfo the 
Venaille of the Pmce. The Inter- 
yal between the Points of two 
neighbouring Baftions, contain- 
ing the Curtin, the two Flunks, 
and the two Faces of the Bafiion^ 
that look upon one anofhcr. In a 
Siege, when the whole 7cnaille 
is attacked j the Approaches are 
carried on ngainfl both Baftions. 
. Face proion^d, of extended, 
Js that Part of the Line of 
Defence razant, which is termi- 
nated by the Curtin, and the 
Angle of the Shoulder ; that is. 
It is the Line of Defence razant^ 

diminiihed by the Face of tic 
Baft ion. 

Face of a Gun, is the Superficies 
of the Metal at the ExtreButy of 
the Muzzle of the Piece. - 

Face is a Wo r d that lefpefis alfi^ 
theMotionsoFTroops. To Face, 
is to look towards faeh a Side, or 
to turn to it 5 35, Face to the 
Right, or t^ the Left, h, to mm 
the Face a^^ whole Body on^ 
Quarter that Way, npon the 
oppcfite Heel. 

Faggots. The French call 
fhcm Faffe^olant, They ^ 
Men hired to tnoftcr, byOfRccrf 
whofe Companies are not hlU 
to cheat the Sovereign of fo 
many Men's Pay. The late 
King of France Ordcr'd, that anf 
who fhould be found fo to pais 
in MuHers, if difcqver d, ihooH 
have a Flower de Luce burnt 
Upon their Cheek, and lofe 
their Arms and Equipage. F<^ 
gvi/^rc alfo the fame as Fafiv^'- 

Faife Attack, Vide Attdck- ' 

Falcon. Vide Femon. 

■ Fakpm* 

Falcona. Vide FaucMet, 
Falfe Alarm. Vide Alarm, 
Fanion, - A Banner carried by 
a Servant belonging to each 
brigade of Horfe and Foot, at 
the Head of the Baggage of each 
Brigade, to keep good Order, 
and prevent Confiiilon in the 
March. It is made of Stuff of the 
Colour of the Brigadien, or the 
Comnumding Officer^t livery. 
It is a Corrupticni of Gfmfatman, 
jvhich in //tf/z^mfigi^ifies a Banner, 
Fafcines^ are Faggots of fmall 
Wood, which diftinguiihes theni 
from the Saueijons^ made of 
bigger Branches of Trees. Faf- 
tines are greater or lefs, accord- 
ing to the feveral Ufes they are 
put to. Thofe diat are to be 
pitchM, to bum a Lodgment, 
Gallery, or other Work of the 
Enemies, are but a Foot and ^ 
half long, and a Foot thick'; but 
thofe that «re for nudcing Epaul- 
mentSy or Chandeliers, or to raife 
Works, or to fill up wet Ditches, 
jnuft be between two and three 
Feet in Thicknefs, and four Feet 
long; and being to be loaded 
^th much Earth to make then^ 
more folid, and prevent their 
being fired, they are bound at 
both Ends^ as well as in the 
Middle. The Enemy has no 
Way to deftroy them but by 
Fire; to prevent which, they 
are either loaded with Earth, as 
has been faid, or coverM with 
raw Hides, 

* A FaueoHy or Falcon, A very 
fmall Cannon z Inches and 6 
Eighths Diameter in the Bore, 7 
Feet long, weighing 7501b; 
takes a Charglft of 2 Founds 4 


Ounces of Pow4ef,; a&^ icaiticf 
a Ball 2 Indies and -5 EiehilU 
Diameter, and a Poan£ 8 
Ounces Weighs Its point bknk 
Shptjs 100 Paces. 

"A Fauconet, or Falconet, A 
very iinall Piece of Can- 
nori, 2 Inches and 2 Eighths 
Diameter* in the Bore, 6 Foot 
long, weighing 460 'Weight; 
takes a Chargife pf i Pound 4 
Ounces of Powder, and carriei 
9 Bullet 2 Inches and i Eighth 
Diameter, and i Pound5 Ouncei 
Weight. Its point blank Shot 
90 Paces. Thcfe Pieces are now 
pretty much out pf ufe, Jbcing 
found too fmall to be of confi- 
derable Advantage in an Army, 
where tlic three Pounden, Mi- 
nions, and Sakers, are generally 
the fmalleft now to be met with'. 
Fauffe Braye^ Cbemin ies Ron-^ 
des^ oajfe Enceinte, or Lower 
Enclofure, This is a Space 
about the Breadth of two of 
three Fathom round the Foot of 
the Rampart, on the Outfide^ 
defended by a Parapet, with a 
Banquet, which parts it from the 
Berme, or Foreland, and the 
Edge of the Ditch. The Defign 
of die FauJ^e Braye^ is to defend 
tbq Moat : But they are ufeleTs^ 
where Ramparts are faced otr 
lined with Wall, becaufe of the* 
Rubbifh the Cannon beats down 
into them. Therefore moft 
Engineers will have none beforq 
the Faces of the Baflion, where 
the Breach is commonly made,, 
becaufe the Ruins falling, the 
Fauffe Brey: makes t3ie Afccnt 
to the Breach the eafier, and 
what flies from the Faces, kills' 



,tbe Soldiers that ar^ to ddea4 generally Sx deep ; among the 

them. Traverfe^y SiUonS| or Horfe, but three. The Files 

.CoJFers, are muoh better Works . maft be ftrait, and parallel t» 

for the fame t^urpofe of defpnd^ pne ai^other. To aouSle the 

^ing the Ditch . Jv/fi, is tio pat two Files into 

• FidfaiU. Vide Line ofDtfence one, whichmakes the Depth of 

Tich^nt, . ' the Battalion double what it was ; 

Ficid (Mceru JSee Oficer, not in the Spd|ce of Ground^ but 

fU\d Pieces, Small GanS| in Number fxf Men; and aHa 

proper jto be cajried along with doubles the Intervals between 

^n Army i^ito (Ke Fidd ; iuch ai the Files,ma^i^ theRanks look 

I ^aunden, Minloiis^ Sakers, thin. Tne ^les in a File are 

6 Pounders, Demiculverins, and dillingoiih'd by the ieveral 

V 2 founders; iivhicb^ becanfe of Names gf File Leadexs, Half 

tlitfirSmallnersyareeimerdrawnj t^ile LeadfCtiSy ^d firingersiip: 

cafjer ferv'd^ require lederQuan* if a Battalion be idrawn up eigbr 

titles of Ammuaition^ and are, de^, there may be Quarter 

upon the whoky of lefs Charge, Files ; but thia is not ufual. 

FiAd Staff. A Weapon car- File Leaders. The Men that 

rued by the Gunners, about the compofe the Front, or firfUlank 

Length of aH albert, with a Sp^ir oTa Battalioa^ ^^fi^ ^^ ^^ of 

at the End, haying on each Side every File. 

Eiirsfcrew'doQ^ like the Cock "lofUoff, The fame as to ^- 

«f a Matchlock, where the Gun* JiU^ to fail off fr«m nuurching 

ners foew in lighted Matches in a fpaciotts Front, and march 

when they are upon Command: ia Length by Files. When a 

And then the Field Staffs are Regiment is marching in full 

faid to be arm'd« J^ront, smd comes to a namm 

. FitU MarJhaL A Rank not Fafs, it may march off by Di> 

ci" long ftanding in England^ but viilons^ or Subdivisions, or file 

Vnperior to all others in the Mi- off from the Right, or Left, or 

i^tary ^ay: There never have as the Ground requires, 

been above two or three Field Fire. To iice ; To difchai^ 

"Marlhals "in Ettgland sx once j *^^ire Arms. 

but the Mar(hals of trance are Fire Arms. Under this Name J 

tommonly pretty numerous. are comprehended all Sorts of 

file. The ilrait Line Soldiers Arms, that are charged with 

make, that fiahd one before Powder and £ail, as Cannon^ 

Vnother, which i; the I^epth of Muskets, Carabines, Piftols^ 

the battalion, or Squadron, and Blunderbuffes, 6rV. 

thus didinguiih'd from the Rank Rmmng Flare. Wben Men 

where the Men Hand Side' by drawn up for that Furpofe fire 

Side, and make the Length oif one a£ter another, fo that it nms 

the Battalion, or Squadron. A- the whole Length of the Line, 

mong the foot, the Files are or round a Town, or the like, 


w^ikli isufed upon puhl^k Oc* it breaks atd (ires tke Pbwd^f, 

caiions of Rejoicing. -and barns all that is near it, and 

Fire BalL Is made of ground fifccwifc fires the Powder ita the 
or Meal Powder, Saltpetre, Grenade, which ought ttt havie 
Brimftone, Camphire and Bo'- no Fufee, to the End its Opera- 
race, all fprifikled With Oil, tioh may be quicker, 
and moulded into a Maf§, with Fire-nXnrk^rs. Officers fubor- 
Mutton Sufet, and twitch, and ^nate tO'tlJe FireMafter, but 
made as big as an ordinary Gnj- who coninlafad the Bombardiers, 
'nade. This is Wripp'd ilp ih They receive their Onders froxi^ 
Towe, with a Sheet of filing the Fire Mailer, and not only 
Paper over it. To fire it, they fee theib executed, but wort 
make a Hole into it with a Bod* tfae^felves afong with the Bom- 
kin, into which they put a Fufee bardiei^. There are Twentjr 
of a Compofition that will burn four i^re- workers eibdbliihM hi 
flow. This thfey caft into any the Offtcetrf Crdiiance. ' 
Works of anEheiny^ when they . Flank, That Part of t&e Baf- 
would discover them in theN ight tion whi^reathes from the Cur- 
Time. They are alfd nfed to tin to t&e Face, comprehended 
lire Houfes, or Galleries ; btk betwixt the Angle of th^ Cur- 
'^e tben axin^d iVith Iron Spikes, tui and the Angle of the ShouU 
or Hooks, that they may hold ^der, and is the t>rindpai Ddeneo 
ftft where they fall. of a Place: Its UfeVtt) defend 

Ftr€ Mafier, An Officer that t!he Curtilk, the Flank, and face 

makes the Fufees for Bombs and of the oppoffte Baltson ; to de • 

Oranadoes, andother Fireworks, fend tke Padkge of the Moat ^ 

He alfo gives theDire£Uo'ns, and batter the Saillant Angles of the 

proportions the Ingredients for ' Counterfcarp and Glacis, from 

an Compoiitions in Fireworks, whence the Bdieged generally 

Firelock. The Arih carrrcd ' ruin tht flanks- With their Af- 

by a Foot Soldier, 3 Foot d tillery } for the Fhnks are the 

Inches in the Barrel, the Stock Parts cf a Fortification, which 

4 Foot Z Inches. It carries a the Befiegeils endeavour moit tc^ 

Leaden Bullet of ah Ounce ruin, in order to take away the 

Weight. bcfence o£ the Face of the op - 

Fire Pus. Small Earthen po^re Ea(Hon, 

Pots, into which is put a Gre- . FlatikObliaue^ ox S4coh ! Flanks 

nade filled with Fo wdler, and then That Part ot the Curcin that caR 

the Pot is fiirdwith fine Powder fee to fcottr the race of the 

tQl the Grenade is covered: The oppofice Balllon, aad is the 

Pot' is afterwards covered with ' Diftance hcftwc'en the Lines 

a Piece of Parchment, and two RazoTit znd Fichant. This ap- 

Matches lighted acrofs. This pears in a Pl^n upon Paper t9 

Pot being thrown by a Handle bcagoodDefence,butisreje£led 

of Match where it is* defigh*3, by xnol^ Engineers, beitig Habte 



to bf jnioed at t)ie B^^inntoff of hat do Defence but right for- 
« Siege, e^eclally if it be of a wards, h faulty, and to make k 
a^if Ejinh,, The feoondl^ant- compleot, one Part oiigkc io 
pet, which may be raifed behind flank the other. The CurciDi is 
• the former,, ts of no Ufe ^ for alw^s the ftifongefl Part of any 
It neither difcovers nor defends fortify *d Place, Waufe it b 
the I ace of the oppofite Baftion : flankM by the two Flanks at the 
Befides, it {hortens the Flwak, Ends of it | and the Face, having 
which b the true Defence, apd but one Defence from the oppo- 
I the cozuinual Fire of theBefiegqrs iite Flank;, is counted the weak- 
Cannon, will never fuffer them eft., 
' to raife 1^ fccond Parapet. This flanVd Jngie, "The Ai^ 
^ fecona flank defends " very forpiM by the two Faces o'f the 
obliquely the ojppofite Face, and Baflion ; thc.Pcjfint of dieBaflios. 
is ^ to \h ufcd only in a Place Sec An^e,^ 
which i? to be attacked by an , Flask,' ^fi^ ^hlng gencratly 
Army without Cannon. . made of fiorn; to carry Powdtf 

flankretir^i^ Low or coof^^d in, witB ^hc Meafute of t^ 
fltmk^ Flank reiirL The Plat- Charge of the Piece on the Top 
, form. of the Ca%emattt^ whidi of it. 

lies hid in the Bailion This is • . Fifing Arn^^ or Flying Camf. 
generally called the Caxematf^ ' See Camp, 
when there is only one Platform Flyivg Bridge, See Bridge. " 
retirM towards the Capital gf Foot, So abfolutely takeii, 
the BafUon, and covered by an 'fignifies all thofe Bodies of Men 
Orillon. Thefe retired Flanks that ferve on FoOt. They afc 
are a great jJefpnce to the oppo- arm'*d with a Sword, Bayonet^ 
fite Bailio9, and to the Pa^ge Firelock, or Pike, Collar of 
of the Moat^bepiufe the Befiege^s Bandeleers, or Cartridge Box,(f r. 
cannot. fee, nor eafily di&nount The Foot are formM into Conl- 
their Gi^ns. panies, and according to theAt- 

. Flank frolon^d^ qr extended, tideS bf War. a Soldier is n6t 
Is the ftretching put of theFlank to leave lus Compaiiy, without 
from the Angle of the ISfaule io Leave from his Officer, or to go 
the exterior Side, when the An- about his own BUAilers, without 
gle of the Flank is a right An- being reputed a Deferter, and 
gle. tried fbrnis Life. ThefeCom- 

Flanks of an Arf/r/^ are the panics arc forin'dlntoRcfgiments. 
Troops encamp'd on the Right Foot, Is a known Meafute 
^nd Left. Flanks of a Battalion ^divided into twelve Inches, beiri^ 
arc the Files on the Right and the 6th Part of a fathom, tfie 
Left. 5 th of & Geometrical Pace, tod 

To Flank i. To dlfcover and ufed in Fortification. ' 
£re upon tlie Sid^ or Flank of an * To be on xYitfame Foot with 
Enemy^ Any Fortification wh.'tii another'*, is to be under the fame 


TO F?0 

^Okcum&ances in point of* Sbr- of Strw, and/ fyr Want, of 

▼ke ; to hate the fame Number ' Straw, 25 ib. of Hay. 

of Men, and the fiune Vkj. Tbt Forlorn Hopi. Vide £«• 

' To gain oir lofe Ground fans ferfys. 

A0/ by Fa0/y is to do it regularly Forge. 'An Engine earriod 

^nd rdblotely, defending every along witfc the Artillery for the 

Thing to the utmoKy. or forcing Smiths, and is .a travelling 

it by Dint of Art Or Labour. Smith'sForee. Theforr/ for hoc 

poodoMi, Footfiep, or Ban- * Balls, is the Place where the 

^uitte. A final! 6tep of Earth Balls are made hot before they 

under Jthc Parapet, to raife the are fired off: It is built of Brick, 

Men to fire over it, about a Fooc and.hath,a Furnace below, over* 

and ahatf high, and three Pert which are Ban of Iron : It it 

wide. They ufually make twp covered overHead, and the Balls 

or three of them under the Para- laid upon the Ban till they be 

?;ts of little Ports and JRedoubts. hot, and are taken out with long 

he Parapet Ihould be always I»adles, tO;be put into the Gun. 

four Foot and a half above th^ The Materials for fn^h Forges 

Ugheft Footbank. are carried along with the Artil- 

Mkrelami^ Barm^ . Berm^ or leiy, when there Js any Defiga 

tizier ; Relais^ Retraite, and of b1^1ling Magazines, or the 

Fas ie Sonris. A fmall Space of like, with hot Ball. 

Ground between the Rampart of Formers^ are of feveral Sorts.; 

a Place, and the Moat, which but the chief is for making Car- 

the beft Fortifications have not, tridges for Cannon. They are'is advantageous for 'round Pieces of Wood fitted to 

the Enemy to come over the the Diameter of the Bore of ^ 

Moat, and get Rooting ; and Gun, on which the Paper, 

therefore this is only left, where Parchment, or Cotton, which 

there is not enough to 4cfcay the is to make the Cartridge, is 

Expence of Stone to face fhe roU'd4>efore it be fewed. 

Foot of the Rampart, in place Fort^ is a Work environ*d o|i 

.whereofthis helps to fupporti^ ;sJl Sides with a Mpat, Ram- 

^nd is generally from 3 to ^, or part, and Parajpet : The DfB- 

10 Feet wide. This Space is iign.of it is to leaqre fome high 

left to receive what the Enemy Ground, .or the Pafifage of ^ 

J»ttiers down from the Parapet, River, to make good an ad* 

that it may not fill the Ditch, vantageons Pofl, to fortify the 

For the more Security this Pore- Lines and Quarters of a Siege^ 

iauJiA generally pallifadoed. i^c. They are of different Fi- 

' Fbrage. Hay, Straw, and gures^ and are made fmaller and 

Oats; for the Subfiftence of . greater, as the Ground requires. 

Horfes.. A Ration of Forage is Some are in the Shape of Baf- 

ja Day's Allowance for a Horfe, tions ; fomc arc fortify'd wiiji 

. which is zo,it^. of ^a}^, iplb'. ehtire Baftions, othen with De« 

8 «"- 

F O F 6 

jBtii B^ions ; ftme are ndfed on Natural fhrtlficatiur, conGfU 
a Square, anii others oa a Pen- in- the natural j5ifBcalt)r of Ac« 
tagon. A Fort diiFers from a cefs to any Place, caus'd by Wa- 
Citadel, becaafe this lall is alway$ tars, MoralTe^, cngp or fieep 
rais'd by the Orde)rs of the So- Afcents,, or the like, and teaches 
vereign. Small Fort« are made an Engineer how to make the 
inform of a Star, having five jnoft of then^. 
or feven Angles, andarerais*d ' Jrtijfcial ForiiJUitim, kwhait. 
f6r the Security of the Linee of an Engineer thinks fit to add in 
Circumvallation. WoIeIls, as Ram|Kurts, Trenches, 

Fortijicattm. The Art of Baftions, Ravelins, Half Maons^ 
fortifying a Place, fo that every {jTr. to fnpply the Deleda df 
Part may difcover the l^emy in Nature, and fecure a Place 
Front and Flank, and bppofe agalnft an Enemy, 
the Depth of the Ditch, and the Ancient fprtificatt^H^ confifti 
Height and Thifikneft 4>f. the only in Plabes fiirrottitded witK. 
tlampart againfl him i that fo a Walls,' and Towers on them 4 
^nall Body Of Men within diat certain Difta'nces^ 
Enclofure may advantageoafly Modem FortifieaiiM, is that, 
pppofe a great Army. This which b flanked and defended 
lame Word k idfo us*d to iignify by Baftions and Outworks, and 
Jdl the Works' that cover or de- wbofe Works ate fo folid, that 
fend a ilrong Place. It is alfo they are Proof agalnft the Force 
the An by which an Engineeti of Cannon, and cannot be beat 
makes Plans and Defigns, raifes dbwn, but by a perpetual Fire 
different Sorts of Works, digs from feveral Batteries of Can* 
the Fofs, faces the Ramparts, ji^n: ' ' 

. ^nd conduds the Approaches; ' fortification R/gtilar, confiftt 
either in the Attack or Defence In the Placets being ' fortify 'd 
pf a Place : In (hort, it recpxirea according to the Rules ; the 
an Engineer to be a good De- §idcA -of the Polygon not et^, Ardiitedl, Miner, and ceeding a Musket^ Shot, and the 
^lechanick, ^d to underhand Angles-beinge^ual; in its being 
punnery. defended by BafEdns and other 

■ Fortijication Offenfi^oi^ teach- Works,' whbfe relative Paffe are 
es a General how to take alt Ad^ equal and linifbrm. ' 
Vantages for his Trbops ; the IrregUatFortiJicaiienvky^^iksiecLZ, 
Manner of encamping, and of . Town has fuch^n irregular Situ- 
beficging aiid tdking of Towns, ation , as renders it incapable of be- 
FortificationVfftnft'ue^ (hews ing ^legularly fortify 'd, both bc- 
a Governor how to make the caureQftheDifl[crence of its Sides, 
. beft of tKc Garrifon committed foriie being too long, .others too 
^o hb'Care, and to provide all .ftion ; as likewife becanie of its 
things ncceffiwy for its De- being furrounded with Prccija- 
fence. • . ces, Vallies, Ditches^ ^vets, 

f- Hills, 

FO Fd 

Ijiiis, Rocks» or Mdtt&ti&ms, a Mine, being z Hollow aiadd 
^nd mail tlicrcfprc be fortlf/'d ' tinder foihe Work that is* to be 

. wif^Wprks fttitabic to tlie Si- blowaup> TheTapof itisibme. 

. tH^U^pn. ' ' ' times inaie like a Prieft's ( ap; 

To fortiff imvarjsf is to rt- that ]&, with foUr or ^wc flol- 

frefent the JpafUon witiim the lows, or Cliiinneys In it, that 
ol/Spn.propos^d to be fortify *(1; the Powder may find the more 
and then that Polygon is called P^fTages, and have the giTe^^s 
the Extirior ^ol^^n*, ai^' each different Ways. Sometimes tbLs 
of its- Sides the \2fir/miroi^/ tcr- Chamber fs 5 or 6 Feet every 
minating at the Points of the tyo Way^ being exa&Iy fquare, 
iieareft BafUons. which is moil afual. About 

To fortify outn»>arJs^ is to te- 1 000 Weight of Powder j either 
Jxrefent the BaHion , without the in Bags or Barrels, is tiie cdiii- 
Polygon proposed to be fortify M; mon Charge of one of thefe 
■ ^nd then that Polyjgpn is calPd Chambers : Bat it ii at the 
the Interior Pofyggrt, ^d each of Difcretion of the ' Engineer to 
its Side^ the Interior Side, ter- . Add or diminilli this Proportion, 
ininaxing in the Centers of the according to the Bulk or Nat:u^*^e 
two neareft Baftions. ' . of the Soil he is to blow dp, 

Fortin. A fmall Fort made whetjicr loofe Earth, or Rock* 
^ like a Star; of £ve or mdre ^or fometimes they make foar 
;pl'9ints^ to fbength^ a Lipe of or five Chambers under one 
Circumvallation, ot thd like. Work, each of which has not 
.. ^SAjft. Wide Meat, . above j 00 Weight of Po.vder* 

' .«; ^9^/?^^i Foftfodo, or fWr-. A Fpurneau ought not to be 
i.i^Jft' .A fmall Founttfiu; ot charged till it is ready to fpring, 
, •J^me.^ade like a Well^ eight becaufe- the fowder lying too 
[ pr ten Feet wide^ and ten or long in the Humidity of the 
twelve in Depth, chargM with Earth, loics its Force. When 
Barrels ot Bags of Powder, and the i'owder is put in <>arreis, one 
prepared under a Poft that is like of the Staves ntufl be taken out» 
to be loft. It is covered with and a X^antity of Powder feat- 
Wood and £arth» and Fire put tered round; if it be in Sacks^ 
to ii by a Sandfs Train con- they muit be ripped, and Powder 
.t^^diii ^ Pipe, to apDther I^oft. ftrow'd abdut, that they may 
^14ilitaty.?erfons.iay, 'Wecou'd f*re all at once. The Mouth 
Qot.keep oar, footing oi^ the of the Founteau'}& to- be ilopp'd 
. ;Half Mqon We had gain'd, be- with «eat Planks, and Plctes of 
^pwi4^,the£9e;m7j>lay'dtwof<9«- .Woo^ and the Vacancy which 
.^«f/ri, .which nun*d.the Lodg-, is left, .after the Fcurneau is 
in^it ^e 1^ iqade upon the^ charged, muft be filled with 
GoiSe\ Stones and Pieces of Wood, and 

, ^^fyttrufou, .The^Qhaiiibei^or.aU the Tumings Well flopped.' 

* ** * ' • ^ 

MlUters Teiltl iiVtV Hdi»fe> aM 
tile Sergeants in the Foot.* • • 

FUnt •f Mr Fiace^ k the haait 
fts the Face tf a Place^ -or* tile 
7>^iZI<», •Geiifg all that iscon- 


" Fdumam JkftrfttaL ViJie 


Fraifet. Stakes about fix or 
ftveft Yctt kJng, whereof about 
one thihl Part is drove into the 

Wall of a fortiBed -Phe^, a-little ' chined between the j?tf«iA/.^4k^ 
below the Cordon of the Wsdl. of two neighbouring BaJH^kSy 
In ' fuch Places ' as ' arc not *wfe. th<f Hjvo ' fWiv/, the two 
faced or lined with Wall, 'they FUnks, and ehe'Cnr/m. 
ai-e planted on the Oudidc of the To F^oyrt e^ery'ff^ay,'h whtti 
"Rampart, abbat the Foot of the ^ the Men are faced tO all Sides. 
Parapet. They are alWays ftxick Furlough. A Licence gitttM 
ift doping a little, -that is, not ' by an Officer to a Soldier, to be 
quite parallel to the Levct of'thc ' abfent fbr'a Time from hJsDofy. 
Plain, bat the Pbihts ha«iging AIT Sbldfcrs foand half a ~ 
downwards, that Meh may not 
Ihind upon them. They fervc 
to prevent Scalades and' DefA*- 

To Fraize a Battalion: Is'fo 
to line it every Way with Pikes, 
or Bayonets, that it may (land: 
the Shodc of a Bod/ of Horfe. 

Front of a Battathn^ is the 
firft Rank, or the Fil^ Leadet% : 
It is likewtfe called the ' Face or 

frdm arGamfon. or Ahnyt go- 
ing to an" finemy^s Country, ru 
Quarter, without a* Pafe, arc 
deemed, and treated as De- 
fcrters. ^ 

A'Fu^.'FuJhe. A Kpc fbU of 
Wildiftfe put <nto thcTooA- 
hole of a Bomb, Oranado»;or 
tftcHlce, if<yfireit. ' 

Fusdliers, Foot^pldlers arm* 
ed With • Hrelodcs j wliich are 

Head oi 2i Battalion. Front of generally (lung. There ista 

a Squadron is the* firft Rank^of- Regiment of fTelJb Foxiliefs, 

Troopers, Fr©»/ of ah Army is ' and another of Scotch, - m ■ ^c 

the firft Row of Tents in the firft Effg/ifi Sttvke: • ' 

Line, which are the Quarter* ' 


f^ABIONS^ or Qinnon Bfif- 
kets. Great Baskets 5 or 6 
Feet high, and about 4 Feet 
Diameter, as well at the Bottom 
a^ Ae Top: They are filled* 
with Earth, to make a Cover or 
Parapet againft the Enemy, and- 
dte fometimes ufed hi making 
Batteries: * They- arc brought 

H^pty to the Placei and placed 

three a-breaft, which inakes die 
Dhlattce between the Embre- 
a&ures. I'wo are placed^ beynd 
thefe, fo as to cover the Join< 
ings of the fiHl three; and one 
behind the two^whichnurkisthe 
£mbisi2u¥e wide enough -oi-tiie 
Outfide,<thefe {\x Gabions Mhg 
the Merbh. - The t^ionecfts, or 
Soldifrs employed forthM Ufe^^ 


i^ A / O A 

«re. Mirer Co good a$ a- Battery Brancbea. ^oder Grovmk .a 

^ Earch or Fa£dncs> be- ieavchi of. eadk. cthei^. Wiilo, 
<Aufe, if diere be » Cowier whidi 5)Acto tne€t,^$aA,A9fifnf 

Battery to pl^ upon thedii they one asiotJiei, « ov t^imft 4ifi|p* 
are ^ily nuaed^ So^n^inies point' tne jfiffod o(t <^%Mia0* 

they areufedan inakiiq; Lodg- SeeiA&fff. - -y^ • 

Bientson aPoft, and fometimes . Gamfoik ^^vn^^ js a. 43^{. 

ki making; the Parapet of the Places VBk W^ch .Trooj^%.itfe 

Approaches/ efpecially wliendie . «uoftiei«d, ^xA-^tifitf-isSi 4^ 

Attack is carrying on tkreiigh Secarity.ofthetTownj»keq^il^ 

a rooky Groand. When £e Goands at.eaoh- Poiti a^ 

Approaches are oot near die Main Guard in tHa Majrkgtr 

Covert Way, the ^Befieged . en- • place. The Troopa i^/§^ 

deavour to iet the Gabions on put ipto a Town, . eith<^;, for 

iire i^ fniall Fafcmit^ or Bavins their Security or SabiiO«acei m 

IMtched overy which they dirow the Winter- tin^e» or are ^fre 

«pon them. in the Summer for the Defeme 

GaUiiy^ or Pafiage made of the Plaoe» are caUed the 

crofs a Moaty is a Walk*, of Carri/o^ ^f tf^ Tawm, •. 
ftrong Beams, covered overhead Gate^ M^de of fboi^ PI^ik» 

vriik PiaakS) and loaded with with jwn Baifs to. of pofe fut 

Earth: 'Twas Ibrmeriy us'dlbr Enemy^ lUm.QatA of a ^^rqpg 

patting the Miner to the Foot. Hold ooght.tfi b^^Mjdille 

of the Rampart* Sometnmthe- oC arCuistia, Mu^itmy b^¥9^1l' 

Galleiy-is covti'dam,. with, de&iidod fay bfuh FIMml Th^e 
rawHidet, tO' defend, it from.. whkhrax^eJQ.thQ.i'lafikc.weak^ 

%ht unSkial Fire of the Befieg- the moft neceilkry Part of die" 

ed..« Iton^ t» be 8 Foot high, FordficatiOo i .> and whMi,;they 

imd loor rawide: The Beams .are in:. the Face, they-are i|ill 
ought to bo half a Foot thick,- more prejudicWi to the Baf^<}n, 

and a or 3 Feet afunder; the. whiehqu^tobedear, tpm^e 

Flanks ov Boards nailed on each Aetrenebmonti^. upon- jOecaTiifn. 

SideV and- filled with Earth •. or-. At the Qpeniag of the Gaj:€a, a 

Plates in 'the Middle > the Co- Party of Horfe is (ent to pap-ot^ 

vering to rife with a Ridge,, in the Country rpund thf rlaf e, 

chat what is thrown upcm it by to difcoVer Attl«afcade$-€fir lisfk- 

the Befiegers to bam. it» may ing Parties of-the ^M9iy,:'^d« 

roB ofl ' ' ' . to:fee iTtht Conatty be cl^r. 

GMry^/a MtMe, is ^Oune In- fooie Garrifons the Gu^rd 

^Sr4mA of a Mine t that ie, a- mounts at the Opening of the 

iPaiage under Ground of 3 or 4 Gate,- fo .that in cafe of a Sur- 

Feet wide under the Works, prize, both the old andi^w 

Whore a Mine or Countermine Guaidi? being under Arms, jtbey 

ia- earmd om Tho Bcfiog^dc ^are in^^.Coi^ioft of makif« a 

^•OniM»ei^t««iii«r t^^befsven ^of ^e Duke of OrUv^tp are 
«^«fter €ke>GaiM are Qm, Sot -xaUed ^^^nudlGatdaannyt.m^ 
'"fJhir 'ot $piM ' luriBiiig m the haarc each a. Captain Lieviewuit, 
- Vown;- tbat* tttif .«ai^ (Xiitidli- •. SiA Lieutev asu, EnfigPi Guidon, 
*^piioe«Wtke Sooaay. ^luLQHartejcMafter. Xtieycar- 

Gtf«a«r. Sods of Tucifs about ,j^.1 $taodani. longer tian die 
li^Foof itmg, and half^i^Fooc Light Horfe, a^d .divided into 
-'broad, ^mOn'F^nn o£a W^i^e^jtv/hiPmm a' little r^iuuied^ ge- 
^tib fate-.^Htkftt. Thwy^fitc "benli^r adom'd.wita fome litde* 
.niib'fd; -^at ' ^i«tr .. Sokidk/ • #evioe or Cypher, iu JEjoobrpi- 
''forms , a -^iangle^ '>thac >beihg ^ideiyyand a Kii»ge« Each Tropp 
•iiiiji^ widi'tho rdft of^fap £ajth (baa a Pair of KettkJDraxxis, a^d 
efyielUttuptit,* €hey may^a^ly iw6 Tnuspete. . TKc Tro<^s 
utorporate in- a Maft. Tbie of Life Xxuard?; thoTe. of (be 
<ift Bed of Gasops ifi-fixed with Mofqiiet^es, and iiJbofe.of t^ 
'>Fegs of Wood I the-^fecond Bed • Lighit < lioxfe of the Qjieen, 
cyght to lie bad to bind the for- Dauphin^ and Duke oC O/V^i^^r; 
• ner, -that As over the Joints^of ^an recboa'd as Ga^rmfs, and 
it» and >fo cootinufd till ^e >takii, place as fu^* 
^R«mpart»^ be- liniflied. Betwixt iQauraltfan Am^. He that 
thefe . Beds they geneildly- -few conunaads itinChkf i.who« tobe 
.,«11 forts of Undbg Hetbe^ to 'fi^forfo^irea&aaEniploya ought 
'ftrengthen -th^ Rai^part. T«m« to Jiave excelleat Condud;' 
Vterfes «Mde to ^% a Diteh are .wellihiird in the 4rt 
often €o<Fer'd WitbGageofli^ kid ^o^ attacking. iUopg Places,. .aa<^ 
^m Flankft to pive -them Irom -^kiiow howta eocamftf^tL^van- 

*OPire. ^tageoiidy.ithat it mayi^inLi^is 

' Qeniarmis^ ot Mim at Arms, - ^hoke whether be^.wlR. figjbit oi' 
Hodemen w(bo formerly- fought - >iK>t« > The Ftto£lip|is of a ^cae- 
sn eempleat Amour;, now- a* raljire, tojegulatQ>|lv^archof 
feled Body of Horfe ifi Ff^tttice^ the; Amy, and. theix l^qamp- 
being m aU* nine-IndepoRdant-meBt^ to Yifit the Pofts> to pom- 
Troops^not^agimented. Thefe -mandPaxties for lAffiUigfope; 
TrOopftara commanded by Cap--^>to jgsve but the Ordersjuid (he 
tain LietttcRant$|'fhe iCingand ■ . Wm-drvsry Night to the.Lieu- 
^I^inoes of the Bk>od beu^ their < -tenant and Major Coimals : Jtf 
Captains i • the i Knig*8 l'roop» . Day. of Battle» . be (;ht|fes the 
-befidesa^C^tainLieutenant^has moft advantageous .Q/ouiHiy 
twflF Sob LieutenaatSy* three En- .mafces the DiffMfi^ion of bis Ar^ 
figBs» . and duree Guidons. The oay^poftstheArttllefyy^aadiipiids 
•other Troops^ which arethofe of . bis Onien by bis Aid dfi Clmps, 
the^fli/rM^nianswr/ytbeQuecn'Sf . where there is Oc<9iloai .At a 
tbe Daopbia*Sy the Qimltames Siege, be caufes the Pbiipe to. be 
.of dig^t Butrffrnd^'ik^ En^^ >inilefied » be views aod'^feiVes 

it, otitnrtht iMakirfg of , die - 

Lines' of Gircuxnvallation and . 

Contravanation, and makbg 

the Attaclcs : He vifiu often the - 

Works, and makes Detachments . 

tQ fecur^ hh Cortvoys. Thcte 

are alfo Lieutend^l^ Gencirffa; 

'Brigadier Gen^tak, GoninybtKttx 

General) and QuanSer-m^et 

'GcnefUls, of wltich* we ih$iU 

fpeak ander their pMkular Let^ 


General of Horje^ and Qmral 
of Foot , are Pofts oes^ undesf the 
peiit^ of thi» Army. They, 
have ^ abfohite Cdinand ov«r 
all the Horfe or Foot of an 
Anny,«pbh aU Occafit)n3» above' 
]the Lieutenant Generals. 
. General tf the Artillery^ or 
Mafter Gtntral of the Ortifbmciy^ 
18 one of the' greateft Employs 
in the Kingdopi^ being a Charge- 
of extenfive Trnft'. * Ij: is gener- 
. ally beftoi^ed oh one of the firib 
peers of the Kingdom ; ' Ho 
has the Management of all the 
Ordnance ' of- the State^ and 
ought to know and conftdes 
^'hatevcr can be ferviccable ot 
nfeful in the Artillery, and to 
diftribute the Vacancies to fncH 
OS are qualified for them. He ha) 
for fai& Afliilaiits in thtt Employ^ 
a Lieutenant General; who cojm 
inands in the Abfence of the 
General ; a Sarv*e)'or General^ 
Clerk, Store Keeper, and Clerfc 
of Deliveries, who are called 
the Principal Officets of the 

General. The Beat of Dram 
fo caird, is the firft which gives 
>}otice, commonly in the Morft- 


inf ..eart^ Ibivjthe^Foet to hf^ ij^ 

a H^dinefs to mardw 

• .C^fW O^iTs. Vide Q^ 

Giftf or Crab, An Engine : 
for liftia|c ex ralfmj; of gr)^ 
Guns upon, or %M thdr Car- 

Jlo f^9 Ground. To retire, . 
to lofe the Poft a* ^ody of- Men . 

; 0laeis, .This Word-in ^ne-'^ 
ral fignifies a very ea^ little, 
S(ope^ whkll difisngiiifhes it 
from the Tahu. For in the 
Qlacis ^he Height is always lefs- 
thfti^ the Safe of tiie 81ope ; but 
in the Talus theKdght is equal 
to, or more than the Baie of 
^e Slope., The Name of Glacia 
is psoticalarly applied to the 
Slope of the Parapet of the Co- 
vert \t^ay, which falls off eveft 
with f he Level of the Field- 
this Glacis is alfo call'd &J]^a^ 
nadey but that Wo^ in this 
Sc»ife grows out of Date. The 
Soldiers corruptly call the Top 
of the Glacis the Counterfcarp. 
XVhen the Approaches are 
brought to the Foot of the 
Glacis, they are fo near, that 
they cannot turn my Way, but 
th^ mull be enfilcUied ; therer 
A>re they are carried ftrait for* 
wards - by Sap, unlefs it be re- 
folved Xo attempt the Covert 
Way by Atfault. 

Gorge, The Entrance that 
leads into the Body of a Woik. 
All Gorges muft be plain, with- 
out any Parapet,' left when the 
Beiiegers have poiTefsM them- 
felves of the Work, that Parapet 
•^^ > ' - ^ : IhouW 


4htM tOYer them- froifr ^tm 
Fire of the Place: Bat the 
Gorges are palHsdo^d to pre- 
▼enc Surprize ; and during the 
Sfege the/ generall/ make little 
Mhies, Coffers, andFoamctux 
u&dtr dtem, to blow up the 
Enemies before they can lodge 
dicisfelves. The fcvcrad Gorges 
are £fljn'guiih'd«s foUows. 

G9t^e of a Bafiiouy is that 
9pace which is taken equally on 
each Side of the Angle of the Fi« 
gure on the Sides df the interior 
Polygon, which makes the Entry 
into theBaftion from theTownor 
Place, one half of which is ad- 
led the Demt Gorge. 

Gorge of a fiaf-Bafiion, is a 
right Line, which terminates the 
Diftance between two Flanks. 

Qorge of M Half Moon, vi a 
Diflancebetween thetwo Flanks, 
taken on theAn^eof the Coan- 
Cericarp. - ' 

Gargi of a Ravelin, is die 
Difbnce between-the two Siddi 
!br Faces towau^ the Place. 

Th Gorges of all other Out- 
works^ are the Entry into them 
Irom'dieTbcey the Diflance be- 
tween their Skies. 

Go*vMtor of a Garrifon, A 
eotffiderable ;Olficer, reprefcnt- 
5ng the Ring's * Perfon, whofe 
Authority cxfends not only over 
the Inhabitants' and tjarrifon, 
but over all Troops that may be 
there in ' Winter Quarters, or 
<3narter5 of Refrefhmcnt. His 
Charge is to order the Guards, 
the Rounds, and the Patrouilles ; 
to give every Night the Orders 
and the Word, after the Gates 
2tre ftut , t(5 vifit the Foils i to 

G R 

fee that both Officers and Sfi^ 
, their Duties ; to fei^ 
fr^uently Parties abroad for Lb* 
tetiigence, and to raife Contn. 

'Grenadier, A Foot Soldier, 
aimed with a Sword, Firelock, 
Bayonet, aiid a Ponch to hoJd 
his Grenades. They are doath*d 
diftiently fnm ftc left of the 
Battalion, and y^ear hi^ C^ps. 
Each Regiment, of late Yeaf% 
Has a Conpany cif GrenuUen, 
whkh takes alws^ the Itigktof 
the Battalion. The ptmadka 
Brt generally the talleft and 
briikeft Fellows, and always the 
iirft upon Attacks : Wli^ there 
is any Aj^earance oi A^tufo, 
each. Grenadier carrws tkiee 
Hand Grenades. Horfir Gre- 
]ia4iers, called by the Fremk 
Grenadiers volam^ or f^fyi^g 
Grenadiers, are fuch as are 
mounted on Horfdubck, andfight 
on Foot ; their Exercife is the 
iame with the other Grenadiers. 
We have in Xii^/WtwoTroops 
of Horfe Grenadier Guards. 

Grenadoes, Grenades, Small 
Shells, concave Globes, or hol- 
low B^dls, feme made of Iron, 
feme of Tin, others ofWood, and 
evehofPeftJboard; butmoftoom- 
Inonly ef Iron, becaofe the 
Splinters of it do moft Execu- 
tion. This Globe k filPd with 
iinc Powder, and mto theTooch- 
hole of it i^ flock a Fofee of 
Powder, beaten and tempered 
with Charcoal Dufl/that it ihzf 
not flafh, but bum gently 'tHl 
it comes to the Charge. ThdGb 
are thrown by Hand into Places 
where Men (land thick, and par- 


O V 

mcnts the Enemjr aiakes> md do 

GauirJ, The Dttjr.perfQrm'd 
l}y a Body of Men with Vigti* 
lanoe, <to fecare all agauill the 
Attempti aiid Sarpfixes of ai| 
Enemy. * To be upos Guard', 
< To monAt the Cua«d% ' T<» 
MUeve tki Giiani\ < The 
Pficer of the. Guac^\ ' The 
'Serjeant of the Giwd*, are 
Phnifea refpe^i^the Gqardy 
«]i4 >U iatellkible. In Time of 
j>angief< all, Gtuu-ds gre draws 
i^ IsQfi, to. prevent .any treach- 
«MNM Oficeis lu^yiag the . Oip^ 
jpettmMf of betn^ing a. Poft lo 
dic Enemy* .Troo^ ia Garri- 
{qtk geneially oiosnt the Guard 
4fv«ry third Nigl)!^ and have two 
$if4ghta to 19ft. 

• Maia Guards i9: that from 
4ivheuGealltheotbeT fm^l Guards 
^e4otach*d. .Thpfe who ace 
<p mount the Gi^ard, meet .a^ 
^ rtfpt dive C|tpt«n,'a Q^^ 
.te«B, «uo ire «airned wm thencft 
^o the Pan^e i wb^ve, - a&er the 
.whole Guard is drawn up, the 
|b»ail ^Snards are detach'd for 
the Pom .^n4 Mfigf^iocs, and 
^he fabaltern Officers throwLott^. 
for their Guards^ an4 ^te fuboi- 
idittiite to ihe Captaiai of th^: 
J^ain Qiiai4. The Guardi ano 
mottiited ia Ganrifons at different 
Hoa|0> acoording as the Gover* 
fi(^ pltafes ; but the moft ufual 
Tim^ is at the Opening of the 
drnsi at ten a do^k, or at two 
ia (he Aftemooiv. 

. ^d'vanc^d Quardy isjbe Party 
of either Horfe or Foot tha( 
tnmb before a ^ody, (o give 

G u 

tham Notice if any Panger ap« 
pean. When the Army is *ipon 
their Marcb, the Gi^nd (juards^ 
w^P ihould mount ch^t Day^ 
ferve. as an Advance Guard to 
the A/my. If a Body of Foot 
b^ marchi^, theif .Advance 
Guard are root. In fmall Far- 
ties, 6 or 8 Horfe are (^fficient» 
and they are not to go.a}x)ve 4 
Of 500 Yards birfpr^ the Party, 
An Advanced Guard is likewife 
the final! Body of )2 or 16 
Horfe, under a Corporal or 

goarter MaAer* wbo are polled 
fore the Grand Guard of the 

Rear Guards n th^t Part of 
the Army which brings up th^ 
I^ear* which is generally the 
old Grand Guards of the Camp. 
The Rear Guard of ^ Party is 
6 or 8 Horfei that QUfch about 
4 pr 50Q Paces behind thcParty. 
The Advanced Giiard going out 
Mftpn SzxtYt TB^t .the Kear 
.(f uatd iii.thcir Rfitujm.. 

Grand Guard y are. 3 or four 
Squadron! of Horfe^ command- 
ed by a Field Offic9r, pofted be- 
fogcq the Camp. on the Right and 
Left Wing towards the £nemy, 
for the Security of tne Camp* 
ThisGuard mount^ every Morn- 
ing about fcv^Q or eight a Clock* 
See Camp, 

Picket ^orPiquet Guard. A cer- 
tain Number of Horfe and Foot^ 
who are to keep themfelves in a 
Readineis, in cafe of an AIa,r;n : 
The Horfe keep their Horfes 
iaddledy and are booted all cue 
Time, in order to mount in a 
Minute. The Foot draw up at 
the Head of the Bat^lion, at tlve 
h bcac- 

. <5 tr 

> ' ' ' 

ifMting of the Tattoo j but re- 
turn to thck Tents, wbere they 
liold thcn^elyes in a Reading 
4D jnan^ upon any foddeh A- 
lanoL This fotint a goodBpdjr^ 
glble tp^'. make a RcMance« tiU 
die Anny caa be ia a R^suli^ 

' Forrfife Guard. A Detach- 
picnt feftt oat to fecare the'For- 
tagen, iuid are foiled at all 
^Iace9« whete either (he Enemy's 
Pirtie$ may come to difturb tb|s 
Forragen, or they may be dif- 
perfed toa near the Eneihy^ and 
pe taken. This is tikewue cal- 
led the C^vfrsng P«r(f> and 
marches the Ni|fht before the 
Fonaging; that thejr^' may be 
po{kd in the Mormne before 
the Fonagers come, 'nxeycon- 
6& b<Htl of Horf(5 and Foot, and 
mu&i^ $t th^it Poft, till the 
ForQig<ri*areaUv$yme gff th« 
jGround. : " ':' ' ' 

\ JrHUit) Onmd^ is f I>e>- 
ticbnent.firom the Army, to 
fecurc the'^ Artillery. . Thcjr 
Ktrfi de Gardt is in the Front, 
and their Gentries roand the 
tark. Thisis'a48HounGuard, 
and upon a Ms^eh they ^o in t);p 
Front aind Realr of the Artillery^ 
^d muftbefare^o leaye nothing 
behind. U a Gtm or Waggon 
break down, the Captain is to 
leave a Fart of his Guavd to af- 
fift the'bun'nerft.and l^atroiTes 
jh raifing it again. 
j Gb^s de G^rde^ are Soldiers 
^cntru&d with the 'Guard of a 

JQft.'iiAdcr the Command of 
ne oruwJi^Officers. ' ♦ 
' Gi^rd$^} Q^tLi du Corps. 
JJ^>; Hcrfe Giuit^j are Gentle- 

d u 

* ' * , « • 

men Aofen for their Bra-rcrf 
and Fidelity, to be entruflcd wim 
the Giiard of ib^ King's Pertbiv 
divided/ in Ei^land^ into four 
TrooD^, caU*4 the Troops of 
Guards. Esfch Troop' liath a 
Colonel, two LienteDaat-Colo- 
aels, a Comet, a Guidon, four 
Exons, Bri^idiers, and Sab- 
Brigadiers, and 160 private 
Men. ' The Foot Gttardf are 
Regiffleiit9 of Foot appointed 
for the puardt qf his ' Majdfy; 
and his Palace : Tbef e are three 
Regiriients of thedk,''ean*4 the 
Firft and Seeond Regimeiita of 
Gqaiib, the one having tliree 
Bafitalions, and the^other two ; 
and theRegitnent of ^€o/iGiiaids 
having likewife tw6 fiattalioni. 

Gmeritif^ A Cpntihers Bo^ 
being a little Tower ipad^ ^ithlir'' 
t)f St/mti Bricjc, or ^Vbod, to 
preferve tl^e Centihel firom th^ 
Weather, Some call than £f 
iiatt£iites. They kit ganerally 
plac*d on (he Points of Bailion^, 
and Angles of thtp famie, and 
ftfmetinief in the Middle of t 
Ciirdn', and are tb hang a little 
over the Wall, thiii the Cent>- 
Jiel may look jown to the Foot 
of the Kampaits, and |nto the 
Fofsy to prevent Surprise. 
' GvMj: Captained the Goida 
Is an OfUccf appointed for prd^ 
viding Guides for uie Army, 
of which he X)aght to have aJ- 
Ways a fufficicnt Number with 
him, who khow the Counriy, 
tdfend out as Qccafion requires. 
Such as ^re to guide the Army 
on a March, for Convoys, Par- 
ties, Haggle, Artillery, and 
I^etadbmentt I to provide whicA 


be ought to have aPsrQr of to underftand feveralLangnagest 

Horie to eo to the aidjac^t Vit- efptcMy that of the Coimciy 

lagecy Caftles, orFom, tO'de- in which the Arnty ^. . ' ^ 

mand Boors, whom he brings to t^Msn, A RnmtBi^:ctxtt.£or 

his Quarters, abd keeps tinder'a lAm that ' carries fth<f Stiiodard in 

Guara, left thef (hopld cTcape^ the Guards, or ^;jw^^^£Wi9wd 

till the Army come to another ^gniiies' likewife thr^ScantlkW 

Ground, wh^ he can be pro- inelf. It is now bexXMB&tom- 

▼ided with othen ^'He ooght non in Engiand» -^ -.- 


I ■ 

tlA^Fibi. ^ The dqree fore- for Men to ftop whdi th^ Are 

moftMen in thd Field, when marching, is\ff^//.' 

^a Battalion is dfawn np, are Hgiui if the 'Gantff. ' Th^ 

galled the F^dnt HalfBleSy and ^hfotmd before theCam|>i whet^ 

the three hindmoft Men UtitRtar 'is^the Brovac^ or on whidi tje 

Half Tilts. • • Ahmr draws 6<K. ' • 

Half Movni An Otttworic JUadofaWi4: Its Fronc 

coniiftmg of tvi^oFaces, which next the Enehi/; and' Artheft 

makes an Jtfgh Saiilant^ the from the Place ; as th/^FVonr of 

Gorgt whefebf bends in like a a Hom-w^M-k is thd- D^aace 

Bow, or Crefcent* and were for- between- the flankM Alk|;les oi 

mtT\y p&"ii id cover' the ' Poii)t tiie Demi-BiiUontf. . - ThiHrd 

of a BaiUony which difBngtriihes of ^a double TenaHIe is ithe Sj* 

them froih Itofoelutr, always Rint Angle in the^MickUe and the 

placed before ^^die-Cmtin; bdt ;<wq bche)' Sides, ^ith fbm 

thgr have bceh\fbnitd deftAire tSx^Ke entring Angllr/' 

i:indurelefs,asb*dhg*lllflaiikM. At * HckdiCAgtm. A'^Ki^uVe that 

prefent only Engineers diftin- has eleven Side^, tend a^ 'many 

^ifli b^t^een Ra^velins and Ha/f Angles, capable-of beWg ftnr- 

Mdns ; for the Soldiers, and fibd\vith the'llke'^Nttttber of 

other Perfons, call them all in- Baftiotis. •' ' ^ ' •. * . '^' ^ 

differently Ha/f Moons, tfio**!!!!- * Hgftagon. 'A?%tr^d'that%tt 

properly. Ciuftom, however^ feven Sides, and k^tnAsny Anelett 

prevails, dpecjally becaufe the each caplUe of a regohr - Haii 

. PifTerence IS rather in the Situ- tion. * ^ "'" - ^"U's^ 

ation, than in the Thing itfelf. Herrif/n. - A Baivie^ maddoF 

*yidc Ru've/ffi. one ftrong Beam of ' Plankt of 

^oHali. Isto^diTcontinudtbe Wood, full of Iron Spikcsw' It 

March of Troops, to ' (bind ftill, is fuppokted in the Middli^ ^and 

to ftop in order ^ to re^ or on turns upon a Pirot or Airis.^K'ft 

any other Accdunt whatfoever s is ufed in topping a PiaAge )Uec 

iLfid fo the Word «f Coz^mand a Tura'Stile ; fi^ it is evuliny 

• * ♦ h »• • ^ ••• bati* 


ballancM upon the Pivot^ fland- Carriage, but much ihorter. 

ing upright in the Middle of the They march with the Gnm, and 

Paflage, upon which it turns are very ^ood for incommoding 

round, as there is Occafion to an Enemy at a Diftance, with 

open or fhut the Paflage. fmall Bombs, which they throw 

jKfr/f J, or PortcuUtcei, Strong two or three Miies ; or in keep- 
Pieces of Wood jointed crofs- ing a Pafs, being loaded with 
ways, like a Lattice or Harrow. Cartouches. 
They ufed formerly to hang in Htgfreads, or Barrels J Fill'd 
the Middle of a Gateway of for* with Earth they fenre to make 
tifyM Towns, to be let fall to Parapets to cover the Men, in- 
ilop the PafTaee, in cafe theGate (lead of Gabions and Earth- 
had been broke down,^ or pe- bags. 

tordedk It is either a Stop or a Hollofw Square^ Vide S^tutr/, 
Separation, if any of the Enemy Honey Camh in Catmon. Flaws 

liave already entredf for before in the Metal, a. Fault ino^ng, 

it can be broke open, the Be- and dangerous in firing, 
fieged have Time to rally, and Horizontal Superficies. The 

Tepulfe them. Sec Orgucs, plain Field lying upon a Levd, 

Herfe^ is likewife. an Engine without any rifing or fidling. 
like a Harrow, full of Iron ffomnvork, £i Frtnch^ Oa- 

Spikes ; and ufed inHead of the vrage a Come, Is an Ontwork. 

Cb£<vaux de Frife^ to throw in which the Fnn^b Engineers prc- 

the Ways where Horfe or Foot fcr before Tenailles^ Sivaiiow 

are to hinder theirMarch, Tails ^' or Priefi Bonnets, becanfe 

and upon Breaches to flop the it takes inagreat deal of Ground, 

Foot. Common Harrows are and has a better Defence. It ia 

fometimes made ufe of in cafe of compofed of two long Sides or 

Hade, and are turn'd with the.'r' Faces parallel, the Diftance be* 

Points upwards. * tween them being the LcngA 

Herfillott, is for the fame Ufe of one Curtin : Their Length 

as the Herie, and is made of one meafuring from the Angle of the 

ilrong Plank of Wood, about Shoulder, is the Lengdi of one 

ten or ti4relve Foot long/-iluck Side of the Polygon, or of the 

full of Points or Spikes on both Curtin, and one Demi-Gorge. 

Sides. The Head or Front of this Work 

Hexagon ^ h a Figure of li» i& ibrtify'd with two* Demi- Baf- 

Sides, capable of being fortify*d tioAs and a Curtin. They have 

with fix Ballions. ibmetimes Flanks on their lon^ 

Hobits. A Sort of fmall Sides, and then they are called 

Mortars, about 8 Inches Diam- HomWorks with donbleFlanks, 

cter, fome 7, fome 6. They or Shoulders. They have ge- 

differ nothing from a Mortar, nerally a Ravelin in theiiGorge,. 

but in their Carriage, which is and a fmall Ravelin before the 

made after theFafiiion of a Gun- Cuj;tin. 


H b 

Ihrfe. Is taken for ^t M^ 
of Men that fervci on Horft^ 
back, whether Gnards, Troop- 
ers, or Dragoons. So wfe fjqr < A 
Body of Horfc', « The ff orfc 
fought wcir, *TheHorfeMarch. 
It is the fame as Cavalry. 

Btrfe de Frife, Vide Ofe- 
^aux de Frife znATumfiktu 

Horfejhoe. A fmall - round or 
-oval Work, enclofcd with a Pa- 
rapet, raisM in the Moat of a 
marfhy p]ace,or in lowGroands, 
'Or elfe to cover a Gate, and keep 
a Corp de Garde to prevent Sur- 

Hof^a!. A Place appointed 
- iofr the fide and wounoed Men, 
who have there a Number of 
Phyfidans^ Surgeons, and S^^ 
vants to attend them, and cure 

Hurdles. See C/ayes, 
Huffars. Hiatgariam Hoife- 
men, of whom we have heard 
much imce the Beginning of the 
' prefent Wan in Germofy, Their 
Habit is a furred Bonnet, adom*d 
with a Cock*s Feather, (the 
OiEcers either an Eaglets or « 
Heron's) m Doublet, with a 

■ IN 

Pw of dreeches, to which thc!r 
Stockings are Men^d, and BotJtu 
Their Arms are a Sttbre, Car- 
bines, and Piftols. Before they 
begin an Attack, they lay them- 
felves To flat on the Necks of 
their Horfes, that it is har^ 
pofi3>le to diicover their Force; 
but, being eome within Fittol 
fihot «f the Enemy, they raffe 
themfelves with fnch furprising 
Qukrknefs, and fall on with foch 
Vivacity on every Side, that, 
unlefs the Enemy is accuftom'd 
to them, it is very difficult for 
Troops to preferve their Order, 
When a Retreat is neceflaty, 
their Horfes have fo mudi Pire» 
and are fe indefatigable, their 
Equipage fo light, and them* 
felves fttch excellent Horfemen, 
that no other Cavalry can pn:- 
tend to follow them; they leap 
over Ditches, and* fwim- over 
Riven, with a furprizing Faci« 
lity. The Queen of rlttrrgAry 
and the Eling of France have 
Troops under this Name in their 
Service, tho* it properly and 
or^naUy fignifies only Hung:i' 


JNeamp, To incamp is . the 
pitching of Tents, when th(v 
Army after a March is af rived 
at a Place where it is de(ign*d to 
ibiy a Night, or longer. The 
Serjeants Tents in the Foot, and 
Qci^rter Maften of Horfe, are 
the firft of the Company or 
Troop; The Officers incamp 
jft the Rear f th« Subdrertis in 

one Line next the Company, 
fronting from it; the Captains 
in anotherLine atfome Diftance, 
each behind his own Company^ 
fronting the Subalterns ; the 
Field Officers behind them, the 
Colonel in the Centre, the Lieu- 
tenant Colonel on his Right, the 
Major on his Left, and the Sut- 
lers behind aU . Each Company 



anka X Line in Pile, lutviK an gimratf . The R^uaents of 
iUl««nuice of (even Feet ior a. toot Goordt take Place ef bU 
Tent, and twa Feet Difance : others, the reft btring Prece- 
The Tents of two CompRniei denae according to Seniority. 
fiont one another, leaving a TIhi IVecedenccii for tktaldeft 
'Street of ; or 6 Yards between Regiment to march in tke Front, 
them. The Troops of HorCe the next in the Rear, and (b on 
JDCamp the &ine Way, only the with the reft. The eldefi to 
Diflance between the Tents is encamp on the Ri^, the next 
about 3 or 4 Yards for the Fo- on' the Lcfi, and to die reft in 
lage, and the Space between Courfe. The Officen of FoqC 
twoTroops, ja 14 or 15 Yards comnuutd thofe of Horfe in 
Jot th,e Stabler : At two Yavds Garrifon, bnt are comRUndod 
Pifiance fnxa the Doors of tlieir by them in the i- ield, Sm Bri- 
Tents, is a Rope called the gade. 
Piquet Rope, ftrexhed upM) Iitgimtr, or Enpnttr, a Pet- 

Smted Sttkes, to which their fon well IkiH'd in the Art of 
orfcs are tied. For the Ground contriving all Sorts of Foitt. 
allowed a Battalion or Sc|uadron. , and other Works; judidoos in 
See CfMip. finding 6ut Faults in all Fortifi- 

bJeuiid Umi, is a Line nn- cations, and knowing how to 
ning ont and in, like the Teeth attack and defend all Sorta ^T 
of a Saw, fomiingfeveral An- PoAt. 

gles; fo that one Side defends Tb Mu/t, ttf7o AJfmdt. I* 

another. They arc ufcdon the to attack n Poll by opea Force, 

Banks of Riven, where thev en- coming on without any Shelter 

ter a Town t likewife the Para- to fall to handy Strokes, without 

making ufe of Trenches, Sappe, 

or other Forms of Art to gain 

Ground Foot by Foot, The 

Counterfcarp is generidly inful^r 

cd or altaiiltea, to pre%-ent tbe 

Enemy's leaving Time to fpring 

the Foumeaiuc, or Fougal^e^ 

they have prepared. In thefc 

Attacks the Grenadiers cen- 

monly march at the Head ofthe 

other Troops j and there muft 

be Pioneers ready to malce a 

_ ^ , _,, Lodgment, (o fecure iKe Poft 

IS what b-not incorporated into when gain 'd. 

Wy Re^mcDt. htrtnth'd. An Army is faid 

hfenirj. The «:hoIe Bo3y to be intrench'd, when they 

'of hoot ;<^ers, whether In- have laifed Works before them, 

dependent Cqinfanin, or Ke> io fortify thcmfelves againft the 

" Enemy, 

f N 

I , 

Snem/y that thoy xnsr^ Apt h^ 
forced to engage at a Difadvan- 

htrtfichment. Any Work that 
fortifies a Pod asainft the Bne-^ 
iny*s Attac1c9. It is gencrall/ 
takcQ for a Ditch or Treiich^ 
With a Parapet, Jntrenchmen^ 
are alfo made pf Fafcines, or 
jt^aggot9» with. Earth thrown 
overth^; ofGabioAs, Hogf- 
lieadfiy or Bi^9fiU*d\vith Earth, 
that coyer the Meii from the 
Enemy *s Fire. See Retrtncb- 

' Jmialid^ is a Man who has 


I. »r. 

fyspx his Time in the WMt 
and is ekher, through Age<>1^ 
by reafon of his Wounds, ren- 
dei;ed incapable of the Seis 
vjce. They are difpofed of ^ 

limjefilng a Vlactj is when a 
General having an Intention to 
beilege ^t, detaches a Body of 
Hbrfe to pofiefs all the Ave- 
nues s blocking up the Garrifon, 
and preventing Relief from gel- 
tmg into the Place, till the Ar- 
my and Artilleiy are got up t» 
form the Skge. t 


.jrf^TTLSy is a Term the 
*^ Dutch give to' the fiattenr 
p[ Mortars, becaufe it is funic 
imder Qrotlncl. See Battaj. 

Klinkets^ 2n a Sort of find 
Gates made through PaKfadgqi 
for SalUes. 


TAhcratory. Signifiew t^e Flacr 
"^ where the Fireworkers and 
Bombardiers prepare their Stored. 
'* r^oiilefdr a Gun. ' A long StaflF 
with a Plate at the End of it, 
l>owM half round, to pat m the 
Charge into the Piece. 
'^ Lane. To make a Lane. To 
draw up Menr in two Rabks 
facing one another, as on the 
^kies^ of a Street^ ' or* the like, 
for any great Perfon to pafs 
through ; - or foroctitaies ' for a 
Soldier to ran the Gauntlet. 

Lanj^fadc. An. Inferior OiE- 
per, fubordinate to the Corpo- 

raly to aliiil hin^ 14 his I^uty, 

and fupply his Plape m j^ A^' 
.fence. In France he be has 
fome Allowance G^traar^inaiy* 
but not in tngland. H« is ge- 
nerally eyeoipt froni Duty, ex- 
cept Roun^, aadCentinds P&^ 
dus. He tegiches the new Soldiers 
their E^er$ifip, and has his Place 
^t the Right df the fecond Rank. 
The true ^fine is Anfpe&de, 
but the L is added from the 

i'rencb Artide ^<* 

Lieutinant of Horfe^ JPtiot^ Or 
Dn^om. The fecond Officer 
in the Troop or Company^ whQ 
commands in the Abfence of the 
Captain. Whetf the/ Company 

is a^ Axjx^j, be ^cs thi l^cft of 0/ Hotfi J^ the fame ; he marcBei 

t]]^ Gaptq^f .'.Kiif the Right^ ij^ at the Head pf the fccond St^ua- 

dicEniigjijbc there, pcmarcacs dron. But the Frencl have n^ 

t|^ Cozupai^x ia the Abfence .of (bch Officer^* 
ll^eCagl^ia ; but when the Cap- Liiu tenant General, A great. 

u^ a pieient, his Poft is ia t£tf Commander, next in Place to 

ILear. Wh^n .tjie Batt^oiL tic Geaeral of an* Army, who 

^ofches^ui line of Batde^ t)M| in Battle commands one of the 

LieuteaanJLs lake their Poll a^ Lines or Wings ; a Detachment 

|h^Headot;the Divifions, ac« when the^r marcly qx a Flying 

fosding to.ti^eir .Seniority.. Ue Camp ;. a Quarter at ^ Siege^ 

frught to mjlpedi the Adions of and one of the Attacks, "when 

^f the Sergeant and Corporals* it is his Day of Dutv. Ttcy 

i|f k«q> t)^l^ tp their Duty« and ought to be dailpr witn the Ge* 

take ^are^ c^^rv dung that if i^eral to know his'Orders : The^ 

fieceflary to the Company ; to are ^llpwed iKich twq ^ids aa 

iff e thf m exerdfe^ to caufe them Camp, and a Foot Guards 

to keep their Arms clean and &t mounted by a Subaltern^ with a 

fur Service, and to fee that the Sergeant an^ 30 Kien. 
Soldiers be provided of Powder Lieutenant General of the Ar- 

^nd 3aji; , ; " iilUry. The next to the Gene- 

i.Mnotinam Colonel qf Uorfiy fal of the Artillery, who in hk 

JFw/, or DritgQ09is. The fcconl Abfen^e has'tfee whole Chaige 

Odicer in a Regiment, and fhould of all that belongs to it. 
be a Man of great Experience ; Lieutenant du Roy. The Dc- 

ttnowing how to attack or de- puty Governor of all ftrong 

fend a Poft, lead the Regiment Towns in France', who is a 

to^Battlci^ and how to make ^ Check upon the Governor, and 

-|>eod fttftreat. ^He is to fee the commands in his Abfeiice. 

itegtmeBt kept to their Exercife^ . Lieut inant RefornCd^ Vide 

«and is to faiow. -the Qufdiiica^ RcfornCd, 
tions olali-the Officers of the Lieuttnani en Seeond^ Y'^ 

R^^nent.i In die Abfence of .Second. '. 

'the Celonft h^-commands the ' H/a Guards. Vide Carder 

Jlegiment.^ His Poft is on the ^^ Corps, 

-Colonel's Left Hand, three Light Hor^, This Name » 

Faces before th« Captain- s, when given to diftingnilh them from 

* there is but one Battalion of the Men at Arms formerly ufed* 

Foot ; but if the Regiment be who were all m Armour, as arc 

.of two, the Colonel commands now the German Cuirafliers. In 

the firfl, and he' the fecbnd. England all are now callM Light 

'Colonels and Lieutenant Colo- Horfe, except the Troops pf 

]iel» are cxcufed from mounting Life Guards. In Franc* they 

the Guard when the Regiment is except not only the Gardes de 

iaGarrifon. Lieutenant Cqhnel Corps, but the two Troops' of 


I, I 

Mofqnet^res on HorfAttck, and 
till the Gendarmes. Eadl R6- 
{imenr confifb of Sx Troopsi 
)uid is commandedlbx k G^ond, 
Lieacienant Colbnet, Major, 
Captains, Liententots, Cofnets^ 
ana Quarter Maften. They rank 
acdorouig to Seniority* . '' ^ 

fJne, In the Geometrical 
Senfe flgftifies a Length witAoot 
*BrdidtI)( i in the MiHtary Art k 
is taken reveral Ways. 

Lint^ Is i&it drawing ^*np of 
an Army for Battle, extendng its 
Front )as far as the Ground will 
beitiiir, that'itmav-not'bediul- 
ked. .TJbeTiiri^ Annies often 
'draWup in a crook^ Line, pr 
■ Half ^bon, that, behig veiV 
hameroos, they may ehdoife 
their Bntfrnies. Chnftian At- 
mies general^ draw up in thrive 
Lines ; the firft calPd the fan ; 
' the fecoitd, the Main Budy \' and 
thethii^^ the Rtfirhej wkh a 
convei^etit DifbUxce Wt^tfen 
thenl^ and' Intervals, that,thiey 
maynbt pot one anothei' into 
ConfhfiOn. ' >'• 

Linf. In Fortification it l^ts 
feveral Significations. In ^#* 
ing a Flan upon Papef^ it jar ot- 
ly a plain Line drawn from one 
Poiiit to another. On the 
Gronnd^it is fometimes taken for 
a Tn^ch'with a Panroet, and 
fometimes for a Row of Gabions, 
or Bags Ml of Eirth, to cover 
Men from the £nemy*s Fii^. 
Sowefay, 'WhentheTrenchies . 
were carried on within 30 Ptees 
of the Glacis, we drew t^o 
Lines, one on the Right, and 
the other on the Left, for a 
Place of Arms,' To Line a 

^f i, IS to trace it ont. T$ 
Uik a W^t\M likewd^ Vg^ Ace 
k with Brick ^ Stone. Lhiti? 
are fometimesc made to cover a 
Govntty^e^pecially by ilt^FlreVck, 
line 6f Defence. A (tk^^M 
Lind that reprefents the ragW 
of a 'Ball I but partitnhirly a 
Mnik^t Bait, fr(^ thtf Plact 
where the MiKketeer mail4aiid| 
to fconr the Face oftheBH^fHoiK 
Thdre ar^ two Sorts of this 
Line ; the Fichant, and th% 
Razant, or Fianking, 

Uneifdefikcefix'd, otjfchani. 

li ^ Liiie'dniwn ifook the Angle 

ofthoCnrtifl, to the Ptoint of 

the oppofite Baftion, which ii 

'nottoexoaed^ooF-eet; or, as 

^th^Ftene^Uiy, l-zo Toifes, bi?- 

caufe that'M the Length of th«. 

Port of a Muikei; and from 

"the Point of the Gurtin and 

Fhmki the-Faoc of thooppofiic 

'Baiioii is to be defended. 

Line Raiiant^ Stringent^ ft* 

Flanking^ or ^ec^nd Flank. A 

Linfc drawi/ ffom the Pomt of 

«the Baflion slong the Face, ^till 

ft comes to die Cartin whidi 

' fhews how much of tllfe Curthk 

. will deaf, or fconr th« Face. 

Line fvrming the FUmk, A 
Line drawrt^^ frotoi the Avgte, 
formM^by flMtwo Demi Gorges 
of the Bafllotf, td the Angte 4t 
the Flank. This is only uied by 
itof'i^ Engin^efsC 

Coital Line. A Lind drawB 
from the Point of the Baftioo to 
the Point where the two Demi 
Gorges meet« 

Ltnes of CircunromUeOion and 
ControHfallation. See Circmmmed" 
lation and ContravaUaiian* 

^ tftm rf, Ccmmu^caiJmi' Ait GTa ?r^ piiucb more da«g6rous;- 

Treilthei. tfaec k?iv . from end as thcjr arcmore exposed to th^ 

Wod^ tea&other^ ff> th^t Mea fciifinici^ Fire^ and having Je& 

flBAy paft betweea thAAy withont Ekrtk.^ W&ea kis refc^ved t^ 

being expofed to' the. Enemy : infoU die' Covert Way, tScrc 

Theirefore the whole Intrendi^ great Proviiibn. - made 

menti^tid any Pfa^eiiaftinieT of Fkfcines;. Sand. Bags^. and 

«iiiie$ called a hm of Cqmmi^ pther Materials ifr the TrencVes ; 

fn»iikatien» becaufj^ k J^ad^.t^' and<^i»g. the Aj^ioa^diepio- 

aU Ute Works. . ../.-..:• :nq^K,withTafcines,Wo4ftiiicv 

... i^itiei oft^p^^hi^. .^4f' or Sand Bags^ ftould; lie mak- 

ff^qa^hfi, ^ . : c. ,j ... &g..tbe Lodgment;' CQVorii^ 

Ttf line Hedgtf. ^oTo plaat thwcfclvej a3 advanfigeoafly 

.Moft«Mip«« along- th!«« lUlder ;» ' poffible • from the'oppofite 

^^rC^rvortj to. Ai^-u jp^ j(|i .Baftiqi?,- or, Place moll to to 

1 X 

il£nf]s^,d^t.a>me»of^Pr,oi'>to fearei , , 

defend theax froti ^ Hotrfe. . /^('« 'A irtadi/.Work, 

IT, UptpcL AXjhuj»fi,> Staff, .CoMn^cr ipuard. or Eiivilope. 

^■wlikhhe faft^ JtM4lMi^> in;?dje:in,tjbi^ Ditch hefori the 

^difchargeaX}aii«oii,: Gu'rtin,- It; tonftft* ^of . two- 

r ^izierf, S» F^eipi^^ -_ ^ f^h ma^a« a|i Aoglc in- 

irMVfif- The^fm^afiut <^ ^m^^ iLiw«« ar^* generally 

JT^ench, of^abottt at JPootwidf , ihgdeVfiitd^sfclUof V?it«-,. 

made .with the %^^ (P^i^^k i^jfe^re .i^ifteadr^^^A Fiafle 

T^ut.ihe firft Line* ftfa^p^ork that Br^f,'and <iifEpte -d^ j?aflage 

-^ to be madie. ^ • , . ^..ofr, jji, Dit^. /Thfe Terrc- 

•Wo:Mr»w«f. . A Work «ured\jrt|d».,of rtjsiirifa4..%:a'litae 

fwith Earthy! Gablonai, Fafcmep,. above the Surface'of*iihe*Wattr» 

5WoolP*ck$> OP M^ntelets^ to ,^ is bat twelve ifeertroad^ 

i.cover the fiefiegei^ from tijc .^iij|^ « Parapet thptt'.)ffi^oaa 

Eaeimes Fire. In eonc^jfting ..tii^iifo^thatthcwl^drSr^dth 

,the Approachev ^ certain Di- . of, t^LKnim h f v^JTathoms. 

,fttoc«, . are made LoA^ma»r , »pt g<fpiterGiUirJ^n4 Mm^e. 

^ V^.^^ ^^^^ ^ *^ . f iThere4fi anothe;? Sort of Z*- 

• the Trcaches,, c^^able of hold- inffte^y which are ia|s^> aad' 

ing a hundwlM^n, whkh fenrc . jcaifisd^to cover t^e ^ace^ of a 

as a Guard (o the Trench^. ..HatfMoon: Theyifr^iflcewife 

. BatJ Lodgments made on the . coippofed of two f a«^,«iongpe 

Gkcis, CofVert Way, Bacacb^ ar¥U*oitcr. . . . , ^ 





^ * ■« •» * » <* 

?f Wood very broad, ufed 
ipporting the Earth in 
Nining, in carrying on a Sap, ia 
Aiakiiig CofF<ers, Caponiers. Gal^ 
ieries, and many odier Ur^^d fit a 
Siegff. , They are Hcewife ufed 
to cover the Month of Petarda 
after they are loaded, and are 
fixed widi the Petards to the 
Gates, or other Places deiign*d 
to be forc'd open. When ' the 
flanks are not ftcong enough, 
they txt doubled with Platjes of 

Main Body of the Armf^ is the 
Sody of Troops that marches 
$>etween the Advance and the 
Rear Guard. In a Camp, it is 
that Part of the Array which is 
encamped betwixt' the King and 
Left Wing. 

Minin Guards is a -Body of 
Horfe pofted before- the Camp^ 
for the Safety of the^Army. In 
parrifon, it is that -Gaard to 
ivhidi all the reft arefubordinate. 
^ee Guard, 

Maj»- of a Repment of Horfe 
&r Foot, is the next Officer to 
the liieutenant ColoneU and 
j^enerally made from eldeft Cap- 
tain. He is to take Care that the 
Regiment be well exercisM, that 
It be drawn up in good Order 
at a Review^ Or upon a Parade, 
or any other Occafion ; to fee it 
march in good Order, and to 
fallv it, in cafe of its being 
broke. He is the only Officer 
among tlic-Foot that is- allov/cd 

to bo %i Horidbadc S9 Tom of 
A^ioxli that he xa^y be the rea^ 
dier to ^ecute the Lolotiel^s Or^ 
ders, either in advancing ^ 
dj^awing off tjl^e Regimj»t; H4 
has an Adjuluit is^pointed foff 
bis Affifhuit.' ' ' 

Mofor GeiNfMj,, is the neaet 
O^cer t€> ^ Lieutenant Gene* 
ral* When there are hv^ At* 
tacki at a ^iege, he doq^manda 
that on the left* His d^<( Bal 
fin^ffs is to receive the X)xderi 
crerf Night fropOL the G^eral^ 
or^ In his Ablence^ from thi 
Lieutenant General of the Day^ 
which he is to diftribute to tho 
Brigade Mfi^K, with whom h« 
b to regulate the Guards^ Con- 
vqySy &r. and appoint the^ l^act 
and Hour of their Rendezvous. 
He is to know the Strength of 
each Brigade in Genenl, and 
«ach Regifnent in particuUry an< 
to }mt a Lift of #11 the Fid< 
Officers, f inaUy> he is in th6 
Anny,'the fame as the Major of 
a Regiment in the Regiment^ 
He is allowed an Aid de camp, 
and has a< Serjeant and ^tcen 
Men for his Guard. 

Major 0f a Brigade, See Brif^ 
gade Major, 

Town Major, is the third Offi* 
cer in a Garrifon^ and next to 
the Deputy Govemor His Bu* 
iinefs is to fee the Gu^ds 
mounted, the Rounds and Pofts 
affign*d; he regulates the (^en- 
tinels, goes every Evening to 
receive the Word from the Go 
i a veinor. 

"M A 

^eitor, and eives it out upon 
!ybe PUc« of Ann4» to the Adja- 

. Uifits and Serjeants of the Gar- 
rifoAi. he.goca bis Roand Major^ 

. vifits the Corps de Gardes, and 
fees that all the Soldiers Arms 
%$c ^ftdp and in good Order; 
he caufes neceflary Ammunition 
to he diftributed among them, 
orders the Gates tq be opened 
Mdihut, atd gives the Gover- 

^ Apr an Recount .of fHX that pafTes 

' in the "Place. .' 
1. Mantitu. flinds of. thick 
Plainksy Moiket-proofy 'aqdofi;en 
coycr'd -\vith Tin, pr ti^tten, 
which the'.Cioneen g^erally 
roU before them, they be^ng 
fixed upon Iqw Wheels, or 
Trucks, to cover them frojn the 
^emy's Fire. There are dou- 
ble M^telets, which make an 

. Angl^ 4nd ftand fquare to fopn 
Jwo Fronts, and cover the Front 
Wd.Fl4iik.. ;Thcfe have double 
?%Ic^ .Yb^ich Earth lamm'd in 
I>«tw^lW thfim. They moil .be 
five Fept high, and tbxeci in 
Brca^th^ Ti)ey are fometixne^ 

. Ihe Thidoieft of two or three 
r lanks, bound together with Iio^ 
Plates , . T-hey are uied in mak - 
P£ 4pprQa^ei sMid Batteries 
near lue Flacq, as tiic others are 
jn making. Lodgments on the 

, Counterfcarp, 

. March, in geQc;raI, is the Steps 
inade in marUnng, or the moving 
of a Body of Men from one 
l^la»..; Ui liuo'.her. The Peat of 
fhe Druip, when tlie Soldiers are 
upon Miirch, or beginhing to 
icarch, is likcwifc called The 
March. Jt is.likewife a Word 

«^pl commaTid when aEatialion 

& to alter its DS|bo&]<M. Tbi 
General aadAflembly areib^ 
before the March o^ Party^ wheb 
%n Armv istofetoat in a Men^* 


Marefchaltk BaitaiU. It «fra« 

pace a diftin^ Command; but 
this Duty being only Part of the 
Major Gcfneral*8, i^ |s n<9W exe- 
cuted by him. ' 

Marefchal^ aj^MarfidldeCamf. 
A Prench General Officer^ next 
in Poft to the Lieutenant Gene- 
xsi. Wc find no IMerence be- 
twixt him and the fjgr^iS^ Major 

Marines. Soldiers who ferve 
on Board of Ships. 

Marjhal^ Dr Marefchai of 
France^ is thq higheft Prefeimcne 
in the Army or in the Fleet : 1% 
is the fame with Captain Gene- 
lal. When two or more MarOial^ 
^e in 04e Army, die elde^ 

U^lloHd^ and lately FiddMarflial 
in En^and, is likewife the famj 
y/ith Cfiptain General. 

MafifT^qX Cmmp. Nq 
Other than a Colonel of Horfe, fp 
jQaird in France and Sfaiu, where 
they giyc the Title of Colonels 
only to (hofip that command Re^ 
giments of Foot and Dragoons 5 
whereas with us they are all in- 
diiFerciitly called Colonels. 

Mafi:r de Camp GeniraL The 
ff^cond Genera] Officer over all 
the Regiments of Light Horfe. 
^nd ne^t \o the Colonel General. 
He has a Regii|[ient ^ Horfq 
belonging to him, which takes 
the ftcond Poft of Hononf next 
to the Colonpl General's. This 

•M A iM A 

^tooism Fratfcf,' {or thtrt V liP ^^e attack it in that FUee,. tt^ 
>Jixc)^moxigt}ic£tiiIiAPmceh. calry iV '":'', , 

Ma/er of the pr^nancc. 'Sec z.^J fnrfrefs Ih^ MhfUM 
OiHtral 6f the ArtiUcry^ 'a^tieCouvtry round irjUCSl dStf 

Match. A Sort of Rope rna^e , ^efiegers nxxy' nof covferdicto- 
on purpofe, which once lighted fclves, nor ffid Places W AVcSir 
attheEndy bufns on gradaally their Approaches ati<^ Attatte^ 
And regtjlarlv, without ever go- nor .to overloolc'tJic'/Phice', to 
ing Qut as long as apy of it is }}atter the W<>i*ks With more Ad- 
left. It was formerly us'd for tage.' ...*.r. t >. 

firing Match I-ockMaflccts, and ' ' ^.fhe tFotitfurtheftdlflani 
iiow for all forts of great Giins. from tht Centrttf the ftdee^ mfi 
It 18 alfp laid in Mines that are he JHll hwejfy wii cofomofuUtliy 
toblowupfoxnan^ Hoursaftery thofe thai are' meaner yiottiiE A 
and die Time is regulated by the they ^ay be defbufird by the 
Length of Match there is to higher Works^ and thofe nearer 
ham before the I^ire comes to the Places thaCfo the Enemy, by 
the Powder; and by the fame being expofcil, ma}^ be obliged 
Rule, thofe that >Te us'd to it^ to quitt^em, after they havo 
know how the Hours pafs. been pofTeiTed of'^iem. becaitfe 

Matrojfes. A Sort of Soldiers pf the Fire of the cefteged; 
m the ArtiHerv, next in Degpeo and likewife, that the Enelny^ 
tmder the Gunners^ who affift by being Mafters of fuck Works, 
them about t)iciGuns, in traye^- -may not overlook the Works^of 
fing, fponging, firing, loadmg. ^e Place, 
fcf^. They carry Fire1ocks,marS ' 4. fhe Jlanktd Aigle, 4r P^ni 
along with the Store Waggons, 0/ the Bafiion, ou^ht to he at leajl 
as a Guard, and alfo as Afliftants^^ 70 Degrees ; that it maj^ the bet- 
in cafe a Waggon fli9uld breal( ter refill the Force ot i^€ Eiie- 
4own. ' ■^'' - • '^ ' • ^ '. j^y'g Batteries, in cafe they de* 

Maxims in fortification^ are figncd to beat it down toloc^e 

certain general Rul^ eftablilh'*a there. 

By Engineers', founded on Rea^ ' y %he acut§ fianhi An^le^ 

fon and Experience, which being nedr to a right Anffe^ is ptefer- 

exactly ob(crve<), a: Place forti- able to all other. It is certain, 

* fted according as thi^ direfl, if the Hanke4 Angle be i right 

will be in a gooa Pofture of De- Angle, it has'ji^l the Strength 

fence. The chief Maxirijs are : can be given It, having Solidity 

I. There mufl not be any Fart enough to withftand the Enemy's 

of a Fortification, but what is Batteries: But aii Angle near to 

iifco^jcr''d^and flank]d by the Be- a Right, makes the Tenaille of 

Jigged. For if there be any Part the Place more compafl, by the 

4f a Place which is riot well Angle of the Shoulder** Ihorten- 

^sgijced, the Enemy being there ing and bettering the Defence, • 

ender Cover, will with the more and by its not expofing the Pace 

^ ^-- • f ^' ' ft 

Jb much to the Enonjr. Sp Aat 
k follows of Confequence, that 
tsk Obtttfe Aagk is very defi- 

. 6. Ti^* JharUfi Baas ^i the 
hefi \ becaufe th|»)oi^er they are^ 
the weaker ; for the Enemy at- 
iiai:k& ihem with a grea( Front. 
However'; they muft be at leaft 
fcrty or fifty Fathoms long, to be 
able to defend' the Outworks. 

futt uader C»vif^ Which fignj- 
4^«.xt mud b^ C9ver'd by an 0> 
sill^n^ ocberwife the Defence is 
prafently ruined^ and the Lodg- 
mfti^ > no fooner . made on . the 
Cdumecfcarp^ (kut the Place 13 
qhliged to capitulate. 

.8. There mufi hi a Cotiformiijj^ 
^flm^ein ihefit Maxfnu^ to render 
'tf^ Fcrtifcatioa ferfc&. For if 
the Gorge be large, the Face 
l\i^ers. .Tbp more the Flank ii| 
coverM, the lefs it is fubjeft to. 
be ruin^d^ ^% them the Defenc^ 
k more obliqae. In making a 
iecood Flankj the flanked i^ngle 
i&m^de too weak» In discover- 
ing the Face, |he Defence is 
more eafy» h^ %. is more ex- 
pofed to the £nemy*s Batteries. 
1(1 a wofd» there are Advantages 
and Difadvantag^s over all ; and 
the Seeret coniifts in judging 
ivdbethef confofming with one 
Maxiit) be mort^, advahtagjeous, 
than diTagreeing with another. 

McAfure' Angle. . An Inftru- 
nrent of Brafs for ineafuring An- 
rks, either Saliant or ReHtrant, 
to know exadly the Number of 
Degrees and Minutes, to lay 
them out upon Pap^, 

Uerkn. That Part flf tiie Fa- 

M I 

l^et which i$ terminated by twcy 
Evibrafures of a fiattexyi. ib 
that its Height and Thickiiefs is 
the fame with that of the Para* 
pet ; but its Breadth is ordinarily 
nine Foot on the Xn&ie» and fur 
pn the Outfide. It ferves to 
cover thofe on the Battery from 
the £nemy; And it is better..of 
Earth* well beat and clofe, than 
of Stonei becaufe thifs flies about, 
and wounds thofe whom the 
IrVork fiiould defend*^ 

Military Execution, . The ra- 
v«^ing ^nid deftcoy ing a Country 
(hat. refufes to pay Contribution, 

Mine. . A^ Overture made ii| 
^ Wall or other Place, which ia 
defig^M to be blown up with 
Powder: It is compofej of s^ 
G^ery and a Chamber. The 
paUery is the.£fil P^age made 
under Ground, being no hiflhec 
nor no broader than to fufrer a 
Man to work on his Knees, 
iThe Chamber ia the fmall SpacQ 
at the Fn4 of the Gallery, like. 
a fmall Chamber, where the: 
4arre|s of Powder are depofited^ 
for blowing up what is propofeci 
U^ )bc fprung. When the Cham- 
ber is dry, the Powder is put in 
Sacks initead of Barrels. The 
Form of the Chamber is cubi- 
cal j its Height and Depth bcin^ 
^bout fix. Foot. "When the Mine 
is under the Rampart of an 
empty Baflion,,lcft by the Thin- 
nefs of the Earth on the Side 
next the Place, tlie Powder 
fhould buril forth that way ; the. 
Top of .the Chamber is cut into 
two Paflages like Chimneys, to 
oblige the Mine to have its Ef- 
fect upwards. If the Chamber 


''Mi M 6 

he Ri«oid or, damp, the rowcfer tkrcc fiidies two Eigith;? intfe 

h p&t mto Barrels orCaiflTo^, Bore/ eight Pto long, wngbs 

and. firM with aSaucifs: If tKe looo lb. Its Charge J Pounds 

' Places to be blown up arc rocky, 4 Ounces of Powder, andcarrii!* 

or. If.. there happen to be any a Bullet 3 Itiches Diameter, "atnd 

thing fife iji the Way to hindd: weighmg 3 Pbnnds 1 2 GunccL 

t&e\Miners, they make Four- 'Its Shot Pt>mt-Mailk 125' M- 

neaux^ Jtrratgtties, or Ranteaux, its,' *' ^ ^ * 

all which arc the fame thing, ' Jkfiir/, D9tch, or Fafi/'^h 

andiigpify Branches which ter- Depth, or Trench cutrocM^ 

2ninat^ in fmall Mmes^ and are Town 6r Fortfefs ; which l^'ii^ 

fittd jdl together by feveral Sad- under the Flire of the Rampahs, 

cifijcs. The GallQry of a Mine mud therefore be alfb^ w^i 

goes turning and winding; t^ itsutk^d. .The Breadth kA± 

Earth w put 19 fmall Baflcets, Depth of it is more 'or lefs,' hi- 

and out B«ttwxt the Mi- cbrdifig' t6 this ' Nature" ttf die 

jQcrs Ii^s backwards from oije Earth.' "in general it otigfit'io 

' to another, becaufe of' the Nar- be fo fWMd, that no Tree/ or 

^towneii of the* Paflage. The * Laddet-, *cto be had <y<rer It ; 

Earth of the Chamber is to' be that Is, 1V6Yh 1 6 to « Fathoiis,. 

iiipported with p]anks> and when ani about. 15 and 16 Feet 

the Chjunber is damp, it muft be deep. T^he, Brink of the'Woat 

floored with Boards. .;'. . next thV Rampart^ i§ caHed; tile 

Jmners, Men appointed to Scarp, and tha^ oppofite on tfac 
WQrk in tbe Mine^ b^ing a par- other Iside^ ii call'd' the Cona- 
ticalar Company, cojbmanded t'erfcarp, wh!ch forms a re-en- 
ky a Captam of the Regiment ' tring ArigMis^fc^e the Centre 6f 
o^Fuzileers, which kegimetit theCurtin. A dry Moat round 
is appointed for the Service of a Place that i^ large, and has a 
the Artillery. When the Miner ftrong Garrifop, i? preferable tt> 
is it work, he' wesurs a fort Of one full of Water, becaufe the 
Hood, to keep the £arth that PaiTage ihay be difputed Inch by* 
faUs out of hi^Eyes, this Hoed Inch, aiid the Beficgers, when, 
throwing it over his Shoulders! lodged in. the Moat, are conti- 

Mimott Ordnance. A'imall ^nually eitpofed to the fitobs. 
Gun three Inches. Diameter in 'Grenades, ^hd other FireWcrrks, 
the Bore, fcven Feet Ibn^ which are thrown inceffantly 
Weighli^ about Soolb.' takes s over tlVcRampartc^n their Works. 
Charge of two pQifjids eight . In the ^ddle of dry M6ats, is 
Onnces of Powder, 'ap4 carries a fometinie^ madd another fmall 
Sullet two Inchet (eren Eighths Moat, called the Cunjttte^ whit^ 
Dliameter, and th]!eeP/>iwd&four is generally dug fb de^p, tfll 
Ounces Weight ^ts.^o| point- they find Water to fill it. . The? 
Uaok 120 Pace&» '\. u ^ , deepeil and broadelfc FofiS^ iCte 

.Minigk of ttihnge^Slzi'n 1% Counted the be* j but a ^ep 

• Fo& 


Fofi- if ptcfoiible to ft- htpnd 
^ons* . Tp drsdfi a Fo& or Moat 
foil of Wj^tcr, is to dig a Trench 
deeper tfam the Level of the 
Water, to let it run out. Whem 
It IS drained^ there aiie Hurdles 
thrown ugon theMud andSlime, 
and coVered with T.arth» or 
Bundles of Ruihesi to .make a 
iore and firm Paflage. 

Mmmau. . A French Term 
' for a little fiat BafUoh r^ifed upon 
ft re-entering- Ai)gle» before a 
Cttrtin which is tod long* be- 
tween two other Bafttons ; i£ is 
commonly join V to the Curtin, 
bat fometimes fepatated by a 
Fo&, and is then cairda detachM 
Baftion. They are not raifed 
io high as the Works of the 
' Place, becaufe they muft be ^x- 
polcd to the Fire of the Befieg- 
«i, in ode the Enemy fhoald 
lodge thcmfelves there. Their 
Parap^^ as well as the Parapet 
of ail Outworks, ought to be 
Cannon-Proof» that is to fay, 
1 8 FootthIck« 

M^nt Papntii ot Pofi rf the 
Invulnerab^. An Emmen^ 
chofen out of Cannon- Shot of 
.the Place befi^'d, where cu- 
rious Perfons potft Uiemfelves to 
fee an Attack, and the^ Mannqr 
of the Siege, out of Danger. , 
Mortar-fiece, A very fhort 
Piece of Artillery, with an ex- 
traordinary large Bore, and a 
dofe Chamber : This to hold 
theCharge of Powder ; the other 
to contain the Bomb, Carcafs, or 
orFire-pot,it is to throw. Mor- 
tars are- fomethnes mounted on 
low Carni^es, like thofe ufed 
&r Qmnon at Sca^ the Wheals 

. beiDg each of one Piece. Th^ 

are not firM right forward, VSoA 
Cannon, but mbunted into th^ 
Air, fo that the Bomb afcending 
a vaft Height, fafis with tfie 
greater Force, and flijte the fur- 
ther. Sometimes thi^ Mortal 
are chaigM with Bi^fccts full of 
' Stones, which they thtdw inn> 
Towns, ^d do great' Excal- 
tion, becjiufe falling thidc, there 
IS no Place of Safety froii them. 
Mprtafs are ofcdboth at S6t 
;&nd" Land, but they differ vciy 
fauch in Form'. A ^ed Mortar u 
generally ij Inches Diameter 
in the Bore, is longer and mofe 
remford'd than a Land Mortar, 
becauTe they Arc fired with a 
greater CJuantity of Pdwdcl* ; 
ibihetifties with 30 or 33 Pound. 
Some of them ha^e fheir Bdd 
tx Stools of Metat, <^' into a 
Piece with the Mortars ; others 
' have them Of a' thick i^uare Piece 
of Oak, which, by the Help Of 
Hand-Scfews or Jacks, is turned 
round upon a Ibong Axis Of 
Iron, to fire aAy Way. ' They 
tarry Bombs of rct> Pound, and 
generally weigh about 9 or 
10,000 Weight. 
Land Mortars are of different 
' Sorts ; thofe ufed moft in Eng- 
Jand^ are, 10, 13, 15, and i% 
Inches Diameter ; but ther^ are 
fmailer Mortars of f!x and eight 
Inches. All but the i'8 In^h 
Mortars are mounted on a very 
thick Phnk of Oak, on whith 
rife two Cheeks or Bratkets On 
the Sides of the Mortar. But 
the I i Inch is mounted on a low 
Dutch Carriage, confifting of 

iwo ftrong nanki of WoQd„ 

• bOQnA 



KcMUid.with tljick Elites of Ir6n» 
l^nd jdin'd together with Tran- 
fums of' Wood. All Land 
Mortars may be elevated tx> anjp 
Degree of the Qsadnwt. They 
h^ve no Wheds, therefore on a 
March they arc laid upon a 
Block Carnage made on por- 
poie. They are never carried 
along with the Army, becaufe 
of their great Weight, except 
upon an Occafion of a Siege or 
Bombardment ; bat a Sort of 
fmall Mortars, called Hobits, 
mounted in Gan Carnages, are 
always a Part of the Field Ar« 

Hand Mortars^ are likeinie of 
feveral Sorts. ht7inkersM^tars^ 
which are fixM at the End of 
a Staff, of about four Foot and 
a half long, the other End being 
ihod with Iron to (lick in the 
Ground, while a Soldier with 
^nc Hand keeps it in an £1- 
jevatior, and with the other 
Hand fires, firelock Mortars are 
^'d in a Stock, with a Lock like 
a Firelock ; they fwing betwfeen 
two Arches of Iron, with Holes 
anfwering one another, by which 
.the Mortar is elevated. Thefc 
Hand upon a Sole or Plank of 
Wood, and may be carried by 
one Man from one Place to ano- 
ther. There are more Sorts of 
Hand Mortars, but Corkomc^s 
new Invention exceeds them all, 
fo far as to dcferve a particular 
Defcription. They are made 
of hammered Iron, of four In- 
-ches Diameter in the Bore, ten 
. Inclies anda half long, and nine 
Inches in the .Chace* fixM upon 
] a I'iece of OaV Weiify Iiichcs 


long, ten and a half broad, anjl 
betwixt three and four thidc* 
They Hand fijt'd at 45 Degrees 
of Elevation, and throw Hand 
Grenades, as all other Han^ 
Moftars do. They are placed 
in the Bottom of the Trenches^ 
at two Yards Diftance from one 
another, having each a Soldier 
to /erve it, and an Officer, xq 
every forty or fifty, who lays 
them to what Elevation hethinkt 
convenient, by railing or finking 
the hindPart of the fied. Three 
or four Hundred of them arc 
fomecimea in Snernce at onc«, in 
different Parts of the Trenches^ 
60, 70, or 8b in a ftace. Thofe 
in one Place fire all at once^ 
immediately after the Batteries 
have done, and are anfwer^d 
from another Part of theTrench, 
which brings fack a Shower of 
Hand Grenades into the Covert 
Way, that thoCe-whe defeedity 
are thrown into unavoidable 
Confufion. • > 

Mction of a Bomb, or Bali^ is 
the Progrefs it makes in the Air 
after it is delivered, and is of 
three Sorts : 1 he Violent Motion 
is the firft Expnlfaon, when the 
Powder has work'd.its EfFeet 
upon the FaH, or fo far as the 
Bomb or l^all may be fuppofed 
to go in a right Line : The 
Mix* d Motion is, when the Weight 
of the Ball begins to overcome 
the Force which was given by 
the Powder ; and the Natural 
Motion 19, when the Ball or* 
Bomb is falling. 

Motiohs f>f an Anm^i T^ie fe - 
veral Marches and Countcu- 
marchcs i; raakes, ov-theChang- 

k in2 


{ng of Its Polls, either for better 
Ground, to force an Enemy to 
Battle, to avoid it, or the like. 

MoulMngs of a Gun or Mortar. 
All the eminentParts, as Squares, 
pr Rounds, which (erve gene- 
rally for Ornament ; fuch ai the 
Breech Mouldings and Muz- 

Thickncfs of the Ramparts vA 

Mnskiteer^ or JMufquitter^ 
'A Foot Soldier, armM with a 
Musket, or Firelock; Sword; 
Bayonet, {jTr. In Frana there 
are two Cotnptnies, or rather 
Troops, the Grey and thdBiack; 

ale Mouldings. The Rings of called Momfptetwtira dm Ro^, or 
aGunarelikewifecall'dMouid- the King's Musketeers, 


To Mount the Guard^ is to go 
upon that Duty : * To mount a 
Breach,- \& to run up it, or to 
attack it : < To mount the Tren- 
thes> is to go upon Guard in 
the Trenches. , 

' Musket^ or Mufquet. The 
moft commodious and ufeful 
Fire- Arm ufed in the Army, ei- 
ther in attacking or defending a 
foft : It is eMily managed, and 
is carried with fmall Trouble, 
Which makes its Ufe the more 
com nion . Formerly two Thirds 
of every Company were Muf- 
keteers, and the reft Pikemen ; 
but the Pikes being laid afide in 
our Army of late, and Muskets 
brought in their Stead, (hews, 
that tho* Pikes are ufeful,' yet 

pofed all of Oemleoiea «x- 
cellentlywell moaBted,whofcrTe 
either on Foot or on Horfiebodtf, 
and fignaliae themfelves opoa 
alldefpente Qcca£<ms-, beng 
there' only for Pxeferment.- Am 
Inftance .of theh* Braverjr the^r 
gave in the late Battle of 'Dit" 
ttngen. The King himfelf is 
their Captain, fnd the Officer 
commanding each of them, i& 
called Captains-Lieutenant ; yet 
eiuh of them commands as Co- 
lonel both of HorTe and - Foot, 
and accordingly take Place of all 
younger Colonels of either. 
They are reckoned as Gendarms, 
and march next to the Scotck 

Alusketoon, A fhort Fire- Ann, 
with a very large Bore, to carry 

Muskets, with the Addition of feveral Musket, or Piftol- Bullets*, 
JPayonets, are much more fo, proper to fire among a Crowd, 

are macn more 

and can do better Service. They 

carry a E all of i6 in the Poqnd. 

The Length of the Line of De 

fence is limited in Fortification,- 

by the ordinary Ciftance of a 

Masket Shot, which is- about 

1 20 Fathom, {720 Feet, o;- 240 

■ Yarus) and a'moil all the Mili- 

iary Architecture is regulated 

or to keep a Pafs. It is th^ 
fame as a ^lunderbufs. 

MujUr, A • narrow Review 
of Troops under Arms, to fee if 
they be compleat, and in good 
Condition \ that their Arms and 
Accoutrements be in good Or- 
der ; thereby to know the 
S:r5ngth of an Army. The 

ty this Rule for the Length of Gtoeral may o^der either Muf- 
ihe Defence, as the Eftcd of ter or Review, as often as Ire 
L«^iinon gives a Rule for the pleafes. • 



Ulufier Mafiv. For which 
lee Commffary GeturaJ, 
. Mitfler RdI/s. The Rol^ or 
pats of theCompanies orTropps, 
which are delivered to the Coin- 
inlilar^ by the Captains. 



MmxxU tf a Gun or Mart at ^ 
The Extremity of the Cylinder, 
where the Powder and Ball is 
put in. 

Muzsde Mouldings, The Or- 
nament round the Muzzle. 


'T^O VmlCmmonl or als fome 
* call it; 7a chj. To drive 
ii larg6 Iron Spike by main 
Force into th^ Toudi-hole of 
ii Gun ; or, fofWaxit of Spikes, 
fniail Flints, or other Stones. 
Thi^ renders the Cannon nnfer- 
Ticeabk, either ftopping up the 
Touch-hole, or,ifth6Spikebe 
taken oiit,' leaving it fo large 
that It cannot be fi^*d, becaufe 
it t^es too ntuth Vent there. 
The Remedy is; td drill a new 

Touch-hole. The nioft ho- 
nourable Thing the Garnfon of 
a l^lace befieged can propof^ i6 
itfelf in a Sally, is to nail up 
the Enemy^s Canndn, becaufe 
it takes fome Time to repair. 

Neck of a Gun. That i'art 
betwixt the Muzzle Mouldings 
and the Co'mifH Rliig. 

Neck of the Cnfcabel, is tK« 
Part betwixt the lireach Mould- 
ings and the Csifcabel. 


t »• 

rxBUpi Drfeuct. That which 
is under too gfeat an Angle, 
as is generslly the Defence of a 
iecond Flank; which can never 
be fd good as a Defence in 
Front, no^ is it SCpproved by 

OBogon. A F^re of eight 
$)desj of Polygons, forrildng the 
iimt Ntfmber of Angles, and 
capdl>le of being fortified with 
eight BaHions. 

Officer in tie Army* In gene- 
fal a Perfon having si Command 
in the Army. Thofe having 
Commiflions from the King or 
General, are called Qmmmffio^^d 

Officers^ which includes all froipi 
the General to an Enilgn. Such 
as have no Commiflions, but on- 
ly Warrants from their Colonels^ 
are called Warrant Opcers^ as 
Quarter Mailers of Horfe, and 
Sufgeoiis. Thofe that have 
neither Commiflions nor War- 
rants; are called &taff Officers^ 
' as Sergeants, Corporals, Lan- 
fpefades, &r. 

General Officers^ are fuch as 
command a iiody of Troops of 
feveral Regiments, as the i*'ieid 
Marihal; Captain General, Lieu^ 
tenant General, Major General, 
Brigadier General, Quarter Ma^i 
k 2 iitr 

^a F OK 

firr Ocn*ral*, and Adjvttint Gc Open» A Word of Command, 

^^eral. as Open your Ranh iaik^vardiv 

• FkidOffiters^ arcthofewho fucb a Difimue^ is whai tlic 

htve a Cofnmand over a whole Ranks ftll-lNiek without chvig^ 

Regiment, as the Colonel, ingAfped, obferving their Rig&c 

Lieutenant Colonel, and Mtt- Hand \4fen and their L^adert. 

jor. Open your Files from the Centre^ 

Subaltern 'Off eers^ are the is when they face outwards from 

Lieutenants, Cornets, and En- the Centre : If there be an odd 

figns. File it fhrnds, the reft take the 

To open Trenches^ is . the frft Diftance commanded. Open your 

breaking of Ground by the Be- Fti^s to ttfe Right or Left. 

fitfeef^, in order to cany on Order. A Word of Com- 

th«r AppVoaches towards a mand: Ai Order your Fireloth^ ts 

Plate. The Differente between the planting the But End of the 

opening and carrying on the Piece againft the Middle of the 

benches, is, that the f.rll is Outfide of the Rigjit Foot, with 

©idy the Beginning of thcTrcnch, the Lock outwards, 

which is always turned towards Order of Battle^ b a Difpofi- 

the Befiegers : It is beguti by a ticfn of the Battalions and Sqna- 

fmal! FoS, whidf th* Pioneers A-ons of an Ajfmy, 'in one of 

make In the Night-time on their more Lines, acctfnding to the 

Knees, generally a MufketSihoc Naturd of the GrocAd, either 

from the Place, or half a Can- to engage an Army, or to be 

non Shot, and fometimes with* reviewed by the General, 

out the Reach of Cannon Ball ; . Orders. Notice given every 

efpecially if there be no Hollows Night by the General to the 

or rifmg Grounds to favour Lieutenant General of the Day, 

them, or if the Garrifon Ife ^who c6nveys iheni to the Majdr 

llrong, and their Artillery be .Goieral, and he to the Brigade 

-well ferved. This fmall Fofs is Major, who gives them to thfe 

aifterwards enlarged by the next Adjutants, and they to the Scr- 

Pioncers which come behind -geants,- that the Army may 

them, who di^ it deeper by know wheA to march j what 

Degrees, till it is about four Detachments, £^r. are to go a- 

;Tards broad, and four- or ftve broad next Morning ; when ^cy 

^Feet deep, efpecially if they be are to forage or graxe ; when 

^near the Place ; to the End the they are to muller or re^v^, 

X^h which is taken and many other Things. The 

"taaHf be thrown before them to Orders are generally given out 

forvBL a Parapet, to cover them in the Evfening at the Head 

-from the Fire of the Befieged : Quarters, where allthe Generals 

"The P^ce where the Trenches meet at that Time. Orders in 
are opened, is called the Eitd of gtneral^ fignify all that is ci»m- 

*the Trench* manded i>y a Snperiof Offictr. 


O R 

KMHaktr. All Sorts of Guns, 
Morurt, Firelocks* Cacaibines, 
Piftols, ^r. all Sorts of Arms, 
or Scores^ belonging etther to 

. Qfenoe orOefenoe. 

Maffer #/* t/fe Ordnance. See 
CcMer^a /j^tilJery, 

Orgmei. Thick iong Pieces 
of Wood, pointed or fhod with 
Iron, dear one of another, 

r hanging each by a particular 
Rope or Cord over the Gate- 
way of a ftrong Place, perpen- 
dicalary to be let £ill in cafe of 
an Enemy. Their Difpofition. 
IS foch, that they ftop the Paf- 
iage of the Gatc» and are pre- 
fetable toHerfes or PortculUfes, 
becanfe thefe may be either 
broke by a Petard> or they may 
be ftopped in their falling ^wn, 
by a Wooden Horfe« or other 
Coatrivaace. Bat a Petard is 
ufeleft againfl ztk .Orgufy for if 
it break one or two of the 
Pieces, others immediately fall 
<}own, and fiU up the Vacancy ; 
or if they dop* one or two of the 
Pieces from foHing, it is no 
Hindrance to the rdk, for being 
aU feparate, they have no De- 
pendence OB oife another. 

Ori^tfji, or BJimi. A Mafs 
of Earth faced with Stone, boilt 
on the Shoulder of a Oaumattid 
Bafihn^ tO' cover the Cannon of 
the retired Plank, and hinder its 
being difmounted \nf the£nemy's 
Cannon . They are made fome- 
times round, and fometimes 
f<}uaFe. Some maintain the 
Tound to be beft, becanie they 
are not fo eafiiy beat down by 
diie Cannon of the fiefiegers ; for 
the R<»mdiic^ hinders the Ball 

o V 

«very wtSk from it> ElliA. 
Others like the fquare OriUim 
better, becaafe thcjr IM leb 
Charge, and can coataiamoie 
Men to fire dire^y oa the Faoe 
of the oppofite Baftioa^ than 
the ronnd can do. OrUlm is 
likflwiie called the Shmddtt^sA 
the Efmdmemt^ 

^ Qrtiograpkical SeSiat^ or Fn- 
/U. Is that Draught which 
fbews the Thiokneis, Bi«adth» 
Depth, and Height of any 
Work, as it would appear, if 
perpendicularly cut off from the 
higheft to the loweft Part of it. 
It does not reprefent the Len«h 
of the Work, which the Pam 
does ; but then the Plan does 
not (hew the Height and Depth, 
but reprefents the Breadth. 

Ova/, A plain Figure boun- 
ded by Its own Circumference, 
within which no Point can be 
taken, from which all Right 
Lines drawn to the Circumfer- 
• ence can be equal. 

Out'toorks^ whkh are l^- 
ynhcsUVdAihancedWcrJU^ Di- 
tachedWorks^ SLlidBxteHor WtiHif. 
Works of feveral Sorts, whidi 
cover the Body of the Place to- 
wards the Campaign ^ as Rare- 
linS) Half Moons, Tenaiiie^, 
Horn Works, Crown W^oiics, 
Counter Guards, lAinet«es,Swal- 
lows Tails, and the lik«. Thefe 
ferve not only to^ovcrthe Plsfice, 
but likewife to keep an Enemy 
at a DifbiKce, and to hibderhis 
getting any Advantage of Hol- 
lows or rmng Grounds that may 
happen near the Comtevfe^fp 
of thePhice: For thefe Cavities 
and Eminences may ierve for 


o u 

Lod^ents to the Befiegeh, iai 
habutc tke caiTTing on their 
Appnotckes^ jmd rii^ng that 
Bitteno iigiiaft the Toiwn. It 
tt a fcnertl Rdie^ tluit if there 
be {tY€nlQMt-4vorASf one before 
another, to odver one and the 
iioie T«iuuUe of a PlKce, thofe 
that are neareft the Place, ttoft 
mdoall^, 6nd after another, 
ionnand thoft thftt are fkrtheft 
idnmoed oat into the Campaign j 
Ihftt ki maSt hAVe higher Ram- 

p it 

parts; that they may overioolc 
and &r€ upon the Befiegen, wh6n 
they have pofTefs^d themfelves 
of the fiairthefE. The Gorges 
of theni mail be always plain,' 
for fear if they had any Parapet, 
it might ferve the fieAegces/ 
when they are M^ers of it, to* 
corer th^emfelves agaxnil the Fire 
of the Befieged ; and therefore 
the Gorges are only paii&do'd; 
to prevent Surpri^: 


pjiLISJ^ES, LohgPi«fces 
of Wood or Stakes^ planted 
ismaaUy befote Pofts which 
Bi^ht be taken by Soiprite^ oi* 
Isbre the Accefs is vexy eafy, 
to fecore them both from a fad- 
dea andaregttUr Attaek. They^ 
are gcoarally csgbt Foot long,* 
and fix or feren Inches fquare; 
the one End is pomted, afid the 
^ther is let three Feet perpendi** 
c^larly into the Groand: Some<s 
tinies they are phmted obliquely, 
pdiafting sowaids the finemy, 
that in cafe the fiefiegens ftiould 
cndeavottr to pull theni out with 
Golds, the Cords may flip of, 
haying ao Hold. Pali£ides are 
planted on the Benn, or Fore- 
land, at the Foot of the Baftions 
of Placet iitfroundedwith a wet 
Foft, to prevent an Efcalade or 
Sm^dEe. They are likewtfe 
planted in the Bottom of diy 
afbaa* efpeeiaUy if there be 
Traverfesosade. Sometimes they 
are .fet in the Goiges of Half 
Meons^ and o(her«Ottt Works. 

But ttbove all, the Parapet of 
the Covert Way mnf^ be widT 
palifaded, either on the Paiapet, 
or in the Covert Way. They 
we to itand fo dofe, that the 
Muzzle of a Mufquet tfok bat 
juft get betwixt them. The Me- 
thod of planting iheni» is by 
^guig a Trench qf about t 
Foot, or a Foot and a half wide, 
and three Feet deep, and after 
the Palifades are fet in ^ dofe 
to Okie another j£i before faid, the 
Trench is then filled with Eaf thV 
which is bent and fet very hard 
sibottt the Palifades With Ram- 
mers. > Palifades are very ufeful; 
and a good I>efeace in ail forts 
of Fortifications,' provided* they 
be well planted and dofe. They 
are likewife ufeful in Siegte, to 
pbmt on the Outfide of the Fof- 
fees of the Batteries, to prevent 
the Befiegedfrom furpHzing the 
Batteries in their SiUliesi andr 
their nailing the Caninph* Pali- 
fades are either pulled up by 
ihaking them with Ropes, . cat 


PA P 4 

i i A . 

ddwji by the Grenadiers, beaten t)ie hinder Point tf miadx hUh 

''kown with Cannon, or butned down upon the Bnd^ like a Sack » 

down with fmallFafcines pitched a lar^e loofe upper GaED&eBt; 

'x)ver. fix'd dght to their Bodies by 4 

Tsimrng Palifitdes. An Inven- Girdle^ with great Sleeves} and 

tion of Go€homi%f to preferve Lihnen.Bree<£es/whichaie 

the Palifades of the Parapet of large, and reach down to their 

the Redans from thi Beiiegers* Andes ; Inftcad of Shoes thqr 

Shot. He orders th«n fo» that have a Piece of Leather/ dt 

iasmany of them as ftand in a perhapji a Felt,*ty'd about di^' 

'Rod'sLengthy turn up ^nd down l-'oot with aCofd, They nib 

like a Trap; with all the Faci- Fire Arms well, and are excd- 

lity imaginable. They are a lent Markfmen:' They carry a 

^oodBefehee, becaufe they are f^ufil, and four Pillols: The/ 

aot in Sight of the Befiqgers, make Ufe ef great Sabres, a 

but juft when they bring on Cuttoe, and anothet InHnunent 

their Attack, and yet are always of Steely made lik^ a Rake; 

ready to do the proper Service wJ(ichthey carry in their Bon- 

pf Palifades. They are like- n^t, and which fenres then for. 

vife frugal, becaufe they may fevepd Uiies, pardcolarly to de^ 

be preferved in the Magazines^ fend themfelves when they have 

and need not be left on the Para* 40 other Weapon at Hand : 

pet: Befldes, there may be fquare They wear Chains about theiif 

Palifades kept ready to fupply Necks, which they make Ufe 

the Place of fuch as xn^ be of to fecure their fVifoners. 

broke by the Befiegers* Cannori. ParalleL Tho^ this be pro- 

Pam, The faxiie as the Face perly a Term in Geometry, fct 

of the Baftion, ^bicb fee. ' being often nfed m Fortification^ 

Parade. The Place where it deferves to be eicplain*d. PzA 

Troops meet together to go rallel Lines are thoie which are 

upon Guard, • or any other Ser-* of an equal Di&uce from one 

vice. InaGarrifon, wherethe^ another in every Part of them j 

are two or three, or more Regi- and will fo condnae, tho' ever 

ments,' each has their parading fo fsir extended; fo that thcy^ 

Place appointed, where they are can never meet or draw nearer, 

to meet upon all Occafions, ef- oppolite Sides <^' a Square, 

peclally upon any Alaim. In a are parallel to one another. 

Camp, all Parties, Convoys, or The Ranks of a Battalion are 

Detachments^ that are to go A^ parallel, and fo are the files' 

^road, have a parading Pla^e among themfelves. The Co«n» 

appointed them at'^e Head of terf<;arp is dmwn parallel to tb^ 

^me Regiment. Face of its BaHion; and gene- 

Pandouts^ or Greats. Infantry, rally the Line of Approaches i^ 

Thcii* Habit Is firft « 6onn6r, drawn parallel to the Face of - 

■ i • ' ■ , ' the 

tarpf^^-sttadt't^; to f^eeVent beecufe'of the K«igkb(m&ooi 

111 tteinj^ elilfackd> t>r fcour'd in Cff the Faces^ Flrniksatrd Cttstiti^ 

l^rtpk, • " of the Pkoe. • I^'i^ the Ikaie 

PcaraHeh at 4-9iege, figniiy wirfi Glacis^ whkh Signifies xhU, 

t'ftertforr the Trenches or Lines whote Mafs^ of Earth that ierves 

mdc parallel to the Defence of tocover the Coridor^ .and goea 

the Pisqp beiiegM. They, are ilbping towards the Cotintiy. 
MtLewifc catfed Lints of Qmtmu^ The Name of Parafet » gW 

idcefbrij'akd Boyaus. - van ki general to any Line that 

Paraptt. An Elevation * of CQvecs Men from the fiaeoiy^s 

Earth, dcfign'tf for cavfering the Fire; fo there are Parapets of 

Soldiers from the EStiemy's Can- Barrels, of GdbSbhs, and of Baga 

non or £nail Shot, wherefore its RUed ^h Baifh. 
Thk3bBef$ is from eighteen to Park of the ^AhiUhj, A Poft 

tsi'c^nty Feet. It is ix •i'eet high in the Camp, appointedby the 

en the Infide, and.four or itve Quarter MicfterGenecal a the 

Qhthe Side next the Country. Rearbf both Lin^ of the Army » 

It is taifed on the Rampart, and out of Canndn Shet'ef the Ene- 

has a Slope abovcf called, the my, an^ fortified to feoire the 

Smperior Ydlus, and fometitnes Magazines and Ammunition ; 

the Glaeu of the Parapet^, on where, to pre^nt Aecidents of 

which the Soldiers lay their Fire/ only Fikemefi do I>uty. 

Mafcets for to fire over: This 5 very Attack at a Siege has ita 

Jcntc or Slope makes it rafy for ftuit of Artillery. The Ammu* 

iiie Mufketeers tt> fire into the iV^on Waggons iitaPark fomt 

]>itdi,or, at leaft, on.thcCoUn'- the two or three firft Lines, and 

tcrfcarp. Ttf iite razing the tljic Pontoons and Tembrils the 

Clacis of the Par.apet, is called laft. The whole is farrounded 

firing iM Bdrbe. The exterior with Ropes. ' The Gunners and 

Talus of the Parapet, is the MatrofTes endkn^ on the Fiank, 

Wope facing the Country. Thfe and the reft of the Tram in the 

tie^ht of the Parapet btiin fu Rear. Here are kept all the 

Feet on the InUde, it has a Bati- Arms and Utenfils necefTaiy for 

^ettQ or two for the Soldiers a Siege ; as JBombs, Petards, 

who defend it, to mount upon, Carcaffcs, Hand Grenades, Pow- 

(liatthcy may difcovertheCoun- der. Ball, l^t, with all forts of 

try the bcHcr, as liktwife the Inllruments for removing the 

i-oTs r.nd Cou'itciTcarp, to flre Earth, as Spades, Shovels, Pick- 

*s \\icy find Occafiou. axes, fiills, flows, and Whcel- 

P^rapet cf the Co^'ft't lyay, or barrovvs, with many Thingj 

i.V/V^.-, is v/ hat covers that Way more. 

from the Sight, of the Enemy, /*/jr^^/T/ct7/S>;yj, is the Place 

whkh renders it the moft dan» where the Sutlers pitch their 

jcroub Place for the EaCiegQ^s, TciUb, and fell" Pfovifions to thp 


^ A V K 

^fidUfen, whkh k m At Rear 'Fbni|^, or toasna&the Bscmf; 
^cKhIlegu&eiitslmtdiec}iief Upon a March they are fre- 
W dl is the Gtoimd allocted at quemly fent upon the Flanks of 
'theHeadOgarters for theSntlen, the Army, to difcoTer if the E- 
^-^ere there is ffcill eveiy thhq^ nemy isnear, and to prevent the 
' to be had, and it is from thence Army*sbeing furpriz^i. Thelato 
•for die inoft Fart that the other Kingof/r^cc, to prevent Rob- 
Sutlers, axe fomiihM. Bat in benes, ordered tkkt all Parties of 
fad, the Place 'where the Bread F.nemjfs, under fifteen in Nam- 
'Waggons are. drawn np, and ber» that did not produce an Dc- 
where the Soldiers receive their dernnder^commandlngOfficei^f 
•Ammunition &ead, being the Hand, if taken, (hould be fent 
Store of the Army, is properljf to theGallies as Robbers. 
"die Park of ProraLcms. Party Bieu, A Company of 

P«r^. To beat <Hr (bund a Villains who ufed to infeft the 

Pkrley. VhicOkamaJe. Roads in the Netiniands; they 

ParHfim. A good Partifan » belonj;ed to neither Army, btit 

an able canning Soldier, well robbed both Sides, without anjr 

ikiil*d in coma^tiding a Party, Regttrd to PAfTes.' 
who knows the Country^ and PatdeSottris. ^tt Foreland, 
how t0 avoid Ambofiies, far- PaJhVotans. SteFaggon, 

priw the Enemy* or get Intelli- ' Tatte, A fmall Work, or Platr 

genoe. . form, like that they call a HoHe- 

• PertifRH Party. A fmall Body flioe, not always regular^ but for 

ef Inftntry given to a Partifan, the moft Part oval, encompafs*d 

to make an Incurfion upon the with a Parapet, without any 

Enemy, to. lurk about their other Defence except only that 

Camp, to diftnrb their Foragers, fore right, and having nothing 

.and to intercept their Convoys, to flank it. They are commonly 

Partrnfim, or Perttti/m, is a ereded in marmy Grounds to 

Weapon fomettmes carried by cover a Gate of a Town. 
}«ie«teBants, not nnl^e a Hal- Pafrotdl/e, or Pa/roIL A 

bert. , Round going about in the Nighty 

Party. A fmaR Body of coniifling generally of £ve or fix 

Horfe or Foot, fent into theE- Men, (or of fewer, if Horfe) 

nemy*s Country to pillage or commanded by a Serjeant, that 

take Prifoners, or to oblige the fets out from the Corfs de Garde^ 

Cowitry to come under Contri* to fee what is done in the Streets, 

botion, which is to pay a certain and keep Peace and Qjiietnefs in 

Sum of Money, to redeem them- the Town, 
felves from rlander. Parties PannUou, An old Term for a 

are often fent oot by a General Tent. 

to view the Way ana Roads, and Pay. The Wages given to a 

^o gain Intelligence! to look for Soldier for his Maintenance in 

1 i|ii 

*or lefs^ a^cordmg to the Cnj^xna 
4)f fcVcRil Cottixtrics. 
* • Tay Mafier. He who is m- 
^trudcd 'witji the MoAcy, f nd !«» 
'the Charge of paying th^* Soi- 
*dicr» in each Regiment. Thepe 
-is !L Pag^n^fi^ XigntraJ pf.uif 
'AriT^r. * ', . .! 

Pcdrero, ox Fattarerd. J^fina^ 
Sort of Cannon, xjaoftly^iffeti 09 
Ihe Qgartcr Deck of ^jiipsi tp 
fire Stones or broken lim^upo;! 
^o^rding. .Spme pf tl^eig\are 
pade to open at tlbif j^f^eecb^ ijD 
take in the Charge i^a|t ^W^«.' '' 
. T^fA/ofTi Vide-PZj/i^, ' 
. T'er.taZQn, A FifiHW pf frvt 
oides, and as many Angjes^ ca- 
pable of teing fortifiecl.with the 
fanie NoJjiber of ?aftioiyi5* .. • 

Terf(*n4icular, ^ WghjT^'^^ 
falling h'^m^ or raifu^g itfelf upoii 
S^nothor, .ufright, and makjng 
the Angles on both Sules ei^aaH 

Petard. An Engine of Me- 
tal, alniod ill the Shape of g 
Sugar Loiify about feven or eight 
Inches deep, and about ^v^ 
Inches over at the Month^.and 
at the r^otroQi one and a half. It 
IB changed with .fijie Powdjsrwell 
beaten, and made- for breaking 
open Gates V Draw Bridge^, 
Barricades, and Barriers. The 
^hickrct's of ivletalatthc Neck 
if half an Inch, and that of the 
ferocch confidcrnbly more Jti 
O'pj g'c of Powder 51b. or there- 
abouts, and it weighs abcut 55 
or 60. Piiirfxarcinuch larger and 
ftroni»;cr Petards, and there are 
Hkewiie finaHcr:fThe firft are 
employ 'din breaking openilrong 

zeiiifot%*d.!Gatesy «id the-JjA 

fttcniu.Q^i: xnake but /nuUB^r 

ICftance. ' When the Petard .js 

'kiaded .wi^l iPowdcr, it n jfn^t 

'^.«P V Jwn<»> pr ftj^TOg ^«9e 

.of Bla))ky QDvcr'd with a Pbue 

of Iron on the Ootuder vhidi 

xo verf tbie Oveftujce, haag 

iioUowcd a little ijor ^k^ .Pua- 

pofe ; the PJUq^ w|)ere ^ey .join 

IS ilpoe over with )f^^p ritd^ 

.'and Rofi^ to eaforpe '^H^Sfii^ 

This bciia; .<^> i^ i* WWtIp 

the Tla:te /defig|XMp4 to be btaSF 

'^'Pr 1^^ ioiwg *hc EiWv«- 
iaiy to tbe Gate, *c Pe^f49 
jla^ed arhin^v ana-^ed'))f a 
jP,iuee^ t^ the Bcuirdeer jottf- 
We TiBoe tp get pif. T}iqr 
iare fometim^ uied in Ooi^q^ 
Mines^ to break \thiot|ghittK^ 
the Ejiei^y's GallerJ^.^ to ^^fr 
point thjeif JVlincs. 
. PetwJar /He wholo^ui^ hxes 
and fires thp£ftard, whoxmg^ 
to be a Man of Courage^ for ^ 
Js often eai^fed. * • .i 

rUia^^ei^ . yfed in digging 
Grpu^.v)r4^Nt90t juni for \k$ 
$p2laei'bat^(QO.€pnuaQn t^je<- 
gnine mp^e u> be iaid of -tfeeoK 
fho' al^/x^i-Vjccyr nece%cy in^ 
Army. . .' , ., 

P/tfii/^ or Piftui Guard. Vide 
Girftfr^, . •. . . ; 

' Picket. A fxoall pointed Staf" 
Ih^ with Iron, wiuch isXy^-U^ 
mark out the Angl^ of <a Fom? 
ilcation^.and the principal Pafbu 
when the Eng^i^oer is tracing % 
Plan upon the Grouod \^ith 4 
Line. Thcr&are Jikewife fniall 
pointed Stafces, .which ferve. tQ 
dhve through JFardoes or Ga-^ 
. •- \ . . 8&ttn§| 

p ^r ^p I 

tki Hai^ 19 ba4 or tkt Wock AonBeH^, to i^ Coi&vpan/ of 

*aM«d iftlifafte, . " ^ Foot, two Thirtb Were Muft 

. PicMsy arem wtovW Kfe Scafed keteer^ and the otk^fs Pike. 

Wlii^Ii Che Ttomai invt before nlieir. Th«r Pikes wert fcmrtefen 

tMr Tents, immt two YanlA or iixiaeA Feet long. Wljcn a 

4!)iftanc& Frdm cme to another ARdiiion was form'dto en#ag» 

of rhefe Pkketit-is ftreteh'd 4 Horfe in ofien FteM^ the Pike*, 

R<^,«called tife ^/Mf/ Rifi, to were fo ordered, that they mfghr 

i^Hiich'they cid^theiiiH^rfes. &oe and charge every .Way, to; 

' wT^FSfiir/, is likewtfe a Stake oiF cover not only the Moflceteerv 

nin^ or ten Fdct* li^gh, B^d ni bvt the Colours, Drams, and 

rhe OrouncF, 9>id' ftindkig up* Ba^gige. Binyoiiets, er fh'ore 

fight: RoBndthe Foot of it are Swords, made to fix to theMoz-i 

fimdl Sckks wirii fhairp Points t ales of Mulkcts, ferre • ndW inu 

Thi» is at the Head of each ftead of Pikes. 
Regmleht of Horie, to punifli Ha// Pike. The Weapon 

CVimto that do not deferve CBurrial by an Ofiicer ofFoor, 

'Death, by ptitfing die Criminal and differing from a Pike, be>-^ 

H^kh' his Foot on one of thefe caufe it is but eight or niae Fooc 

lifrNill poflited Sticks, and tyin^ long, and the Spear k fmallcr 
up his Hand to a Ring abore his . and narrower. 
Heady fo that he ffieither ftands Piie^ or Pyramid of Bombs or 

nor hangs^ aor can he fhift his BaiU% TKe way of difpoffng 

Foot,' nor change Feet to eafe thea in Magazines^ or the pIU 

liim{^. ing tlKm op regKlariy ih the 

Piettof Ordnawti ineladesaft Courts of the Arfenal, as may* 

Sorts of great Guns* and Mor- beteaikifFooi^wieS: H^sfuppoie 

tars. Battering' Pieces arc the 389 Bombs to be madoin a i'lle^ 

Urge Gims u£tA at Sieges for thefirft muft belaid inn Square 

making the Breaches, fttch as the of ten on each Side« which 

24 Poonder and the Culverin ; ttakes 100 in the firik Bed, and 

the one carrying 24, and the let half a Foot in the Ground ; 

dthe^ tWi>. Bftll. Field Pidces to the end, the great Weight 

are 1 2 Pounders, Deliii Culvc- which comes above them may 

rihs, 6 Ponnderf, Sakers, Mi- not force them to /lide out, for 

niohs, llnd 3 Poanders^ which then the whole Hie falls: The 

tnarch with the Army, and en* iecond Bed will be ei^^hry one,* 

camp always behind the fecond which is nine of a Sulc, and 

Line, but in Day of Battle are mull be laid on the vacant Space 

in the Front. ASoldier's Fire- which happens between every 

lock iy IMeeWife c^lid his I'iece. (our Bombs of the firil Beds 

i Pike. A Weapoh for a Foot and the third Bed being eight of 

Soldier, nulda oF a long Staff, aSide,i8fu0ty four, laid the fame 

fmaftl and rounds aiftd arii'-d at way, and fo to the Top of ta^ 

1 2 Piles 

€De BcMb, auking a fyacuajud^ 
vriio&fifcfeis a Squares^ 
. Pmmtn. - Socfli » are com- 
aMnd«diin from the Coandy, to 
vacofaAlottg^ with an Army fot 
mcndingthe Ways, fDrwmkkg 
40 iBtsendunents and Fortifi^ 
catians, aod for making Ap* 
paoashes} hmx the Soldiers are 
wtoSL geaaraUf. cmplojs'd in all 
thcfe Thills. 

- Pmu A Fieoe of Ixmc oa 
Br^ xoonded at the Point, that 
k sof- torn eaiily roand in a 
Piece, or Socket of bott'Oc 
firafs^ hollowed to receive it. 

PJacc. The Word conunoi^ 
iignifies a FortveTsy or l" own 
fortified nnukffly or irregidacly^ 
and i» often ufedr? tho^ fre- 
quently we fay it is a ftrong 

JfVtfflp Y Arm. Thus abibi 
liitely. taken* is-aflrong Citji 
«hofea for die diief Magazine 
of an Army. 

\ Bhu rf, Arm» in a Garriftm 
A large open Spot of Groondi 
either in the Midft of the Cit}^ 
where the gireat Streets meet, or 
between the Ramparts and the 
Hoafes, foe the Garrifon to 
yendezyona hiy upon any.fudden 
Alarm, or other Occasion. In 
Places regularly foitiiied, the 
Plate vfJrm ought to be inthe 
Cmitre, and a Figort like that 
«f the Polygon ^ its Greatodb 
«ttght Ukewafe to be proportkMM 
«d to the Polygon. 
. Phct 9f Aicm of an Attack, 
or of aTnsnch.. A Fof» with 
a JR^apet, .on an Epaohnent, to 
fovec a JBody^ Uorft or is«iK% 

«riian. <|i«^may ^te' at ikiim 
Anns ti^ widtftaad Ae> Saflitf 
of the. Bdiegfd^^ Hie Pfaos# 
moft coaiw2ene far js^Ukxtig 
PUttu rfArmit «are inch arcaal 
cafily fiitc^ur xma* another,, awir 
are out of Sight of the^efeacsir 
of the Place hefitgod, aalUi 
lows,' Of holkw, Way8,.e%o^ 
cially if th^ cnofs:one anodies^ 
for their Sc^ ArreaiasirBanb. 
pet to' cover the Infaatiy t. U 
thcsf haye i^ thi^ natncal 
Depth, thtpr soxf hi^y^that 
Defed withGabiahS|,Sa»i fii^, 
car whatever can.himkr thftBa^ 
fiegeia fr<»n feeing .inm ir» If 
there be a Foia ma^ioundit^ 
it is called a Kedoidit^ In caiu 
rying on tha^TvcadMa, theta 
sauabe fnch Redoaibts raaindat 
j0onr#nient Dkifiancea to hidn 
the Infantiy,^ which .have> & 
Guard of tho-.Trenches. . . 

Pla€fy[JrmsUdiOfmp. The f 
Place chofenat the Head of the 
Camp» for the Acmy to form 
themfelves.ia a Lme of Battle^ 
fos a Reviaw, or the like. 
. Place,0f Jtrmifor 41 7r9^.^ 

Place where the Tixm^ or Com^* 
pany are ailembkd.-. . * ^ 
r . JP/aff, Grwnd Pkt, or Jchm- 
ff^^^ in fprtificatwi.^ Tk^ 
Repreieotation of the firft-or 
fuaaamental Tma of a Work, 
Aewing thoiLeag^ of its Lines, 
the Quaattty of its Angles, the 
Breadth of the Ditdies, Thick.* 
ne(8 of the Ram|ttrt and Famu 
pets, and the JDiimne of one 
Ji^n from anpther v So that-a 
Plan reprefeats a Work, . foch 
IS it.w«ikl apfoaa^x if .it euart 



CBt^art VN0I i^ilMfA eNke^ 
HariBon^jiv 6«Mlff«t t]i0 Fnon- 
dttioai. Btt k. «aiiM nslihdr 
dpeJEidghtsncc Oifdu of iM 
fisTsed Buits. of tte Works; 
wkkk is pfopoiy Frafik,.ai]fA 
wcfakii: eiqpwffooidjduiieigliaa^ 
BmdtkB, .n^Ddpchst wimovr 
tikpng . Notkc'cr tie Leupksw 
As Ankksds, befoe tlie^ Ujr 
tke FonndttioQ t)f t)Kff BAh^i 

wkkk Mens tb^find out tkeitf 
FJauks;. fb an £n^De<r» ke^ 
fere: ttado^ kis-Wodoi oft ^ 
Gnwad, fkmklmakt Flam of 
Us Defi|<Ds amn Fapir» to Iks 
Snd kft wMijr do nowdg'Witkoiil 
faioiis Delibeiattom Plams tat 
¥Cff]nilefiil for GcMtaH otGq- 
veiBOcv ia citkdr attacking or 
ighnihig a* Plaoe, in duifiog a 
CaiD^detqrniiiiin^. AttackS) ooft* 
dttdmg tiivApproadieSj'or in 
czamiiu&g tka Steettgtk • and 
WcaknetoofiDPlacoj efpacbl-' 
hr lack PJmu as* • raprcMnt a 
fbuct with tke Coantry about 
it, ikeimg die Rivtny Foan^ 
law, MuikfSy Ditdies, Val- 
icyi, Woodst Ho^^,Ckof«ke% 
and otker £icticQktf8» wkich kapi- 
penaboata PkiOe. 

Plaaki^ m^adtiirj. Pieces 
«f Oak very thick aad hroad« 

PJalii. Th^ PHfg Piata, 
an two PiaUt of Jsoa on the 
Ckedcs of a GuA Catrhige from 
tke Cape^ioaare t» tbeCentrei 
akro' wkkk tiu><Frife Bote gp, 
aad on wkkk the Hand Spike 
«eAi» wkea k- poifet up tka 
Ireeck of tke Piece. Bnajf 
Pk$g$ are tke xm^PUuc* ob tke 

tke two Ma<tf9v:0A ikiifflkitfikii 

ae ttbe^Tram >of-«ke Cai|k|c'> 

Mi/^ «rtkac Wkeeki«r .rn^Owa 

joined 'togtker^ * stfiLtietva V9 

fantetliea the Dalidyn, ...^. v 

P /tf/i wai, k gUMtraV isrom 

Ekvation o(. Easik^vi >wkicl| 

Cannon is placed, ^jfUtia^kkt 
Moonts on tke Middle' of tke 
Cmufti anck is^JilBewiAii a, 
&n«of Baftion anftra£^«n.« 
Ae-oatring Ai^^ wken itstuMi^ 
Faoa BBabB e vigbc'Line4 Plk^ 
/m V* 4r Astf «r>y k a FlcMtr of 
JBoards nailed down npon Sleeps 
en^.ifoping ;t IftrietQwaids tke 
EinbrasMVe^ lot iIM' Guns 't9 
VOL npon, and to keep- tkfi 
Wkeele from ^inkiag into iCu^ 
Gfoondr 'Tke>^<^'^ierf« 
duniniik tik^ Itevwfe o{ tke 
Picae^ and loa tke aHr«*ea% 
raoning her up to ker Finbi a» 
rare. £ack QngsL kai seaetallj 
H ftatt&rm. for kerfia^. -Sen 

Pi4$imn; o^taaiketPJaiom, A 
A iinaU Square of Mofifneteany 
iiickas is afed to be dnwii oat 
of A Battalkxi of Footg wkea 
they form tke Hollow Squai^ 
to ftrangtken tke An|^es. Tke 
Gvenadiers are generally tkiis 
pdked. Piloiui'is tke frnck 
Wordy only the ToigarConrupr 
tioii'las bpoogkt it to be pre^ 
nounced P/atmt, 

Pmard, aSort of ihortSVord 
nfrd in Sfcum and Jtafy, 

P^Uu-iimk rf a Gm. 1%* 
Diffance ike Hmfn n I^t in a 


Mug bM ar JM> *£1c9^«m, bvn 
it«itt«d^{«ttlMto the BoHfcoaJ 

iDMiitf k i^ aertam^ >and- ca^^ 
fwttA, Iho^-ni Jadl cantao«^ 
l0^FaM ol i«^ Range in^ rigk 
tinfc ; • bufrllMfcfvdM^r it Aie% tH^ 
never k afj^MMdMs «o a riglJt 
lonc^; or- tM l^s-crdok«dift 
iftAtige. TkePW^^/W of an^ 
ftofDSlloll ktgtf €aiH|o» if aM »< 
fcove iSoI^ttces. - - > 

P«jgofv. 'A Figure 6f tttbri 
l&m Kmr Sidci, • smd is- eJlKer 
Iftgaiftr or irr^Unv «xtci^ler dT 
jAterior. Alfo iht' Pigui^ or 
^ot of Grenad'tHat is'toi>eV or 
is. fortiied. • 

• PoljgOft rf^t»i A PigttiJ 
It hae an AAgfeF^ofllie Centre; 
end 'an Aiigk -of tke P^g^n. 
T'he CeAtt^ ol^ ^regular iPb^|di 
is the Cencre of « Ciitle^ wkid^ 
cireitlHfcribes the Polygtn^ thit i?, 
^hofeCircaiAlerence paiTes thro** 
all tke Angles of the Figure. • 

• 'Irrfgulut* Polygon i Who(« 
§ide8 and Angles are unequal < 

Exterior Pilygon, The Lines 
dmwn coaching the Points of 
the Flank Angtoi/ when a Plae^ 
h fortified inwards ; 01^ the-Oilt 
Lines of all the WoHcs, di^wil 
fiom one oncm&ft Angle to ano^ 
ther quite about. 

Interkr P^fygm. To for6ff 
outwards, whkh makes the An- 
gles of tke Polygon to be the 
Angles of the Gorge, fo that 
the whole feaftion is without the 
Tohgon. The inain Body of the 
1^^, or T«Wtt| exclttdmg x\\$ 

Pi a 


Tin, •botft'S' Yards long Midtw0 

Mtedj ' Thi( F<mii' otL'i« 'is- « 
loA^ Square, havilig ^ a^ ktfgtf 
ttiag« ait tach C<»fn^. It k la«t 
tf^9 a Cari»lage wheif fl» Army 
IMMlreft, asad draM^ilf^X 5HeHieSi 
Sack Mat^hai -aUKAMho^' »ad 
^}fl(ble4 azid Btfulks aHd-^Che^ 
MoMgin]^ t6 ft« T3ieL BMtIi 
«l^4tO«e f o^ 6 iWcM io^arei 
mA afeMt 7 Yaidb t^fig^: Thae 
Ckeftsior Boards j^iifed together 
^'WoodMf-Bars^' abonta Yaid 
teoltd, an4-4Yafl^!oAgk When 
iMre is O«cafion fer^&g ehefe 
inputs, titty Bm&fpif^^itM<he 
WaVer, and ^he&i about two 
Yardi ' iteldi^r, ' each faftineS 
Wi^ an Anchor, ha«ihgb«fidei 
it ftrong Rope, Whidi^ froA 
through theJUin^' and-ii -faft- 
^ehed" on ea^^edf fiva. Kver 
id a Treej of ft Stkke madi 
very ikft iiV4ke Grotaind.' The 
Batilks^ ate - laid (MCb tht Boa6; 
at fome Diftanlce>/rbin one anb« 
ther, - and- the Chefts upotfthcm 
joined tMtr whkh naltts a 
iR^idge in a very ft«rt Tilhe for 
HdM'er F^of, ^-Artillery t* 
inarch over. 

Petti f^9Mfitm ' See' Brttfgfm 
Pwt Fire, A ComfiDiftioA 
of Meal Powder, Sulphur, and 
Saltpetre, ram*d into a Cafe of 
Paper, but not very hard. It 
Is about 9 or 10 Inches long; 
and is ufed to lire Guns or Mor* 
tars inikad of s Match r bet 
then it is cut ihtto-KMris'of a* 
bout an Inch long, and put in t 
Lintftock, ortl^Stiek« * 



f f^. Any spot of Q^vatidl o;;i|pM6n^ A CompofiiiMii'^ 

y^h^Aer fdrbfir'doT not; fnlHi ^Miur,^ $jBtpctyt, . ilttd^jOiMii. 

<fs Gap«Ue orkdginr SoiaboL ^^ Daft; The Mf)i«i»4lt 

.^o.\ire &7^ ^Togaitt.aPoltiivMi ^^iiMooal ^Uke fire; f<ifti(L Cli 

^«td:iti KaKMi\.; ^Tdrelie«e MifAt^e ntkefttlie OMdle':^ ^ 

.«f(facl^.: ■'■" JoJoii:)ii! -Am au«|y4ig a Ball '«f ^t4fllf. 

Simxd !ai, ^^oi^dt of tHoMdj;^ €iti^ farr ffpb tteif i td^ ^]h% 

.Ti»jlighi f>£!iike.twi»aLiiiii lb ^cidt. '■4^d;lfcoefttiielrdtk' ^ 

the Pofi: of Honour, and isr. ih- C«kiio»«MtFMUef; ' '^ " ' * 

-WA^giywivto ^ elddft OTegi- i' r.Mifih^ (Step. .''VMe 9mWb 

^meolis : lyfhe. /Left isroihe ilSft ifrvftte, .:f -.;:c' . » ? •"' ' -'• 

•l?oft,* 11110 as givw t()> the itciit ^^ f^iiM^'^^'-'^^^de^ii^^^ 

^kriiftaitsUtng.thePofrj&ecitaft Igqod^r tiik^Amf.^ • '-'•-< 

«boafiii«abkp and 'h^ivaoH tlm > P^MK^.^ 'ft^M^^'td 1^^- 

yo!Mg*ft'R^gni«kt8. ' .; r^ffi 4eiii AJPittf^gkl&V^Di^tlM, ''idll 

' Athnmctd\?ofi. A.Spbc! of Thidcnefs of a Work, i«4fkt)itt 

^som^ fbiz^ i^ a Pasqr «x> fa^ Depth and BrMdl!li' of the Fof- 

QirediQiiiiS^iint, and <over||ie 4«0|,'^r. d6 ir«^^Pi<e«Hks 4r 

£ofb behind t§Mm. t ^ . . lithography, " ^JilSeh "^tilppel^ 

i Ptf/itm. ^-A' ftnddl Door ih the Work to be {^^fcfpendit 

the£)anllx>fjrfiaftk>a, of<ilchi^ ^'^arly >froffl T^ t6~ Bottom, 

pan^of a.Gamfon, |0^ihar<sh iii iSe&QtiUf^gtafiikal'Sefikk: "" 

Itnd out ixn^roeiiiod ibjnikirlBk- -^^^rowJtMJ^JM, ^Afr'Olfeer 

oemy^ .leither to ^tpditfpo tlii «ppolnt«d to'*'4bi^ aiid' '^tift; 

Works, tmtomako.^iil^.K^'^vt -Defrtterj, iuid 'Stii*>cMliH«^01mf'- 

: PoMr^;. AOi?en;(dici'VBo»d^ 1Ukl», and t«(fM' jlatei dndVo- 

js a Sqnace Cafe or Bag of 4;es^ vifions in the' VVrli^r/ ~ He haf ii 

ehsr, 'WlixarJNap •ovts it, haiig^ -LieuteDant, aifd aCletic ' and a 

iag Jn-a 8t«ap^ ;^bott( twn Ia- ^Troop of Ppbv%Av"di''MartHart 

dies broad^ » over the left 8hoi0L Men on Horfehack i as alio an 

der, in whichiie canaes hieGre^ JSxecotiORer, '^^' 


.^ A < 

<S)Uadf'4mt^ QT' ^artfir 9/ A made t)f two Pieces of Wood,' cfr 

r^ CiVr/^; An Inilninient "of Brafs, jom*d at right Angle?, 

Bral& or Wo.od, «fed by Gun*, one of which is longer than the 

nei^, in ][>ointing Guns to ah other, that 5t may enter tFo 

Objc£l, and by Bombardiers «n Mberfe of the Piece. Th^ 

flevatkig their Mprtars:: It 13 are ^^ a Quarter of ^ 

1 - ^ J . . .. * . , Circle, 

mtm Ctom^^,^ QcMcjif rfwfcintndad W die QaienO^ it 
!wMi ».*W ll^e tlTff Paeo» ji called tj^ffmut^tuvim^s ^tim 
jlfe^i|ira9^enf#^Ch)^^ Aiirm; Wkm .the- Cao^ » 
• Tbmid :li(i£k;:ikrHlHMVi; 4lMik*d out aboot ^ fbqe he* 
^IVI^tl. iiiarfc%.|h0.^«ifMlt £k- A«BBd« 4in. the .4^ttcn se 

S'iii$4Kf«^i^<»,faitli«Gim^. &id<obe<lirpoM;^beagn«t 
iPf diet 4in|ie^ ^"jHImb ?^ sDetapboeBtii aie ande fitn m 
>lf,«lk^ it^. isiifagi»tpiit(ipf :ibp .Qserter for CenToyt, &r. {wk 
)t»m^%yi^.t9tif^ki^ it Qgaoar u&adto 1^ w«ds^ 

tkOTfl^ce; wbcfUkePlHBmetfalb ea'd. .^ 

fmf mJMvi jf .ajtfd aMudu the .. .n* Himl J^K00un, mkum 
Ai^entkeQaaarant. .Wb^ iitc Genend jof ai» ^Aipiiy 
th<^Vi inr.MojMc hjAtsf^uA -^bu Kit. Qaaftan* it .faieaJ]|r 
iip ih^ D«eiWileficVl» it is. kept lecar tlie Ccmre of dw AcByi« 
^Kie by QaMAof..)yoi>4»{Ni(^ Tke QQartea.i^4)ie iScMV^ 
^^liieSiTMCkiOf a.QiA/ or jtf Hoi^, ve i» the^ YiUj^ 
JMvi«:^tl)e Bncket-iMto of a that happen iMmtea.the|t«l|| 
J(dQ«tar. ' • < • end Lfft Wiiig% TheJGeMffeb 

. , >9V,%ff4^; M .5|^4mr ePfV^. of Foot jure often in thefinieVilf- 
J^ to fep.wlittliir k is .d«lr lb>(* ii(f « with tlAQeBcnaiB.duef. 
.<a|i^' apd' w«Qrpfm!d» on. the ^luntrmamHei^ AFIacto 
jparTii«ea«d¥/|ietis, .. , . . fortified withe Ditch and Para^ 
. .^nir/#'i M0iSi» Jlie ^^eiiM fKbteiepueaB^^nof Treopai 
«rilfpMi((jir^jlto4.givie|^g«pi :.: mafer^smim^ Sometuacii 
Tnatnaet .la Eii^mie» ^aar iutakan f«r the {manrai ofTiane 
enuOCd^ -^ Sii^ Jl^ «fa]p» < The hetw eae tiao. Campaigas i hot 
.vrnVM^OnHofip-Uig^ QbkRt more genenOhF-fer the Hace oc 
teA\ . * Th« £«iqty M'4 Qsvs- Hacea where Tieopt ate iodg^d 
^:i *. Wt,^mP^Xi^fMer\ r dufang t^ WJ^i^e,: ^ we ftf; 
.«/ ^MfiCr* I iStenj6e^iiotw99^ .« The . Ari^f iii^riivrchiiig i^to 
lythoGjE^mid a $4c^ of Mdt lKiater,Q|afteiir,. .TJKeWi«isr 

iacmp^ <yb iM the. T];oQp| QBarteiaacefetc^^^TheWi^- 

thonftives. Tkcr^fof^ yirj^fy^ H(i£^|^utcri ;FilLfae^ iheit\ 

• T^ beat. op the £iieiay^» '^uMr$€rp^£^ri^mita. Tkt 

Q|ertaia\ « St^t^auOgert^ it Flace^ pr Placqf» where Treope 

vdi fiUlify'd*. that have beee much &anraft*(^ 

^luupter of mm JJfmhlj. Th^, are pat in to reoever th«ntelvea» 

JRece where Trpojps meet to during ibmeTime.of the Sum* 

leardi » a BodjrtfK.apf^ is a Flmie mer, or Sea&a lor the Caif- 

^f K/cndezvoiis,^ , i- IW>gn* This.i^ often- dpne m 

i^eff#<r ii/ e &'^^^ The Ei>- ]|ot Cottntiiet diVBing.the viekat 

. fcampment n^oa ope of the pria- Heacs. 
^p4 Pa4^^ )f^iKl ahoitf e ^it^tif Mafier^ Am O^eer 

fiififtjbeiieeedi to prevent R^- J^Hpfe prinppal Bufineft k to 


look: ftA^C ^ '^^^x^ «f .the of Foot and Horfe to meet him 

^oldHf^.^ Tkere is s Qaarter* liext Morning, with w]^om -hi 

Inaller-Graiend of the Army, marches to the next Qimp, 

Every jfCegiment of Foot has a where being come, and having 

Qaarter-mSfter, and every Troop viewed the Ground, he ipitrki 

or Horfe otic. out to the Quarter Matters ^th* 

; garter Mafitr of Hvrp. A Ground allowed each Regimcni 

Wan-aixt Officer, appdlnced by for their Camp. He chufes the 

the Colonel. He takes up th^ Head Quarters, and appoints 

Ground for the Troop, and di- the Villages for the General 

▼Sdes it, in allotdng fo much for Officers of the Army; where 

each Tent. He receives the they (hallquarter. He appoints 

Ordeft, keeps a Lift of the ^ proper Place for the Encamp* 

TVoop, yifits the Stables, an4 ment of the Train of Artillery, 

Idces cait of die Arms. He He-carries theAhny a forraging, 

marehes m the' Rear of the and plan|^ the^'Covering-Parcy, 

Troop, but m Camp his Tent for. their Security, at all the Paf- 

is pitched in the Frotit. In fes round them, and aflifts in di« 

Winter t^uitfters he receives and ftributing the Winter Quarters 

dftribotes the f orrage to the to the Army. 

Troop. * Quarter fVhteiingofa Bo^; of 

^Iforter Ma^er' ^ffhot. An Jlic», is turning the Front where 

Officer who mkcs ea^e of cn,<* the Flank was ; which is done 

damping the Regiment. He at** to the Right by the Man oii ch^ 

iends the Quarter Mafter Ge« Right Angle keeping hii^Grouml^ 

Jieral upon a March, to know and &ctng about while the reft 

where the Ground is for the wheel. • 

Regimentt which he divides a* ^euif Jt tronity or S^Konllcnv^^ 

■long the Companies . TaiL A detach*3,' or Outwork, 

Quarter Mmper General*, A who& Sides open cowards the 

confideraUe Qt^cer in an Army, Head, or Campaign, and dravf ' 

wlio ought 10 b^-aMln of great dofer or narrower towards the 

Jndgmenr and Exp^riftiice, and Gorges There are fingle and 

to ondejHbmd Geography ; for double Tenailles, and Horn* 

fincehtsProviaceii to mark the works, call'dby this Name of 

March^ and Bacampments of ^aeiih tV Yrmd^^ or S^alU^^s 

an Army, he ihoald know the ?WA, for this fole Reitfon, be- 

Counny perfefily well» all the caufe their Sides, inftead^jf be' 

Rivers, Plains. Marfhes, Woods^ ing parallel, open towards the 

Mountains, PafTages, Defiles, Head, and grow narrow at the 

(9^c. even to the (malleft Broolci Gorge. When thefe Works are 

The Evening before a March» caft up before the Front of a 

he receives tiie Orders and Route Place, they have this Fault, that 

JTom the General, and appoints they do not fufficiently cover 

ft Place fit the Quarter Mafters the Flanks of the opposite Baf 

m tias» 

tk>ns; bat, befides that Engf- 
ncers fomctimcs muft work ac- 
cording to the Ground and Situ- 
ation , they have this Advan- 
tage, that they arc extraordina- 
ry well flank'd by the Place, 
which difcovcrs all the Length 
of their Sides the better. Sec 

^utjottr Arms. A Word of 

R A 

C<imitiand in the Foiot, whflt 
they l4y down their. Arms, at 
which they iland iip, till they 
are ordered to the Right about, 
when they march clear off their 
Arms and difperfe : But "upon 
the Beat of £)rum they run iq 
their Arms with a Hu^5:a, hav- 
ing their Swords diawa, and the 
Point upward. 


jyjbanet. The fmallcft Piece 
■^ of Cannon but one, be- 
tween a Falconet and a Bafe, 
being one Inch and four Eighths 
Diameter in the Bore, five Feet 
Xix Inches long, 300 lb. Weight, 
takes a Charge of fix Ounces of 
Powder, and carries a Shot one 
Inch and three Eighths Diam- 
eter, and eight Ounces Weight. 
The Point-blank Shot of the 
Piece is 70 Paces. 

To Rai/e a Siege. To give 
over the Attack of a Place, and 
to quit the Works thrown up a^ 
jainil it, and the Polls taken 
about it. If there be no Caufe 
to fear a Sally froni the Place, 
then the Siege may be raifed in 
the Day time, by fending away 
firft the Sick and Wounded, the 
Baggage, the Sutlers, bro- 
ken Cannon and Mortars, and 
if poflible, all the Inftruments 
which have been ufed in the 
Siege. The Artillery and Am- 
munition may follow, and a 
ftrong Rear- Guard muft face the 
Jcficgers, in cafe they fhould 
flfFer to charge the Rear. But 
if there be any Fear of an Ene- 

my in Front, this Order muft be 
alter *d according eo the Prudence 
of the General, and as the "Na- 
ture of the Country will allow. 

"To raife a Flan of a Tortrefs. 
The meafuring with Cords, and 
Geometrical Iniln^nents, the 
Length of the Lines, and the 
Capacity of the Angles, that by 
knowing the Length, Breadth^ 
and Thickncfs of *Il the diffe- 
rent Parts of a Forrtlfication, it 
may be rcprcfented in (mair up- 
on Paper, fo as to know the Ad- 
vantages and Difadvantages of 

Rampart. Somfe'Wifl call^t 
Jtampircy but improperly. The 
great maffy Bank of Eardi nnsM 
about a Place to rdift Ae Ene- 
my's great Shot, and rover the 
Buildings. On it h raifed a 
Parapet towards the Campaign. 
It is not to be above three hz*- 
thom high, and ten or twelve 
in Thicknefs, unlefs more Eartk 
be taken out of the Ditch than 
can be otherwife beftowed. The 
Rampart of Half Moons is the 
better for being low, that the 
Muskets of the Defendants ta^f- 

R Ar RE 

t}iebeUeri:cach tbf^^^mst of 4Ulribated to eveiy Man in. tha^ 

tlieDiteh; butit muft.^^q p hljgh Army.- A.Foot Soldier receives 

as not to be cof9Q|ian,4^ by the a Ratioq of Bread, wrhich is »: 

Qo-vert Way. A £^4u»irt oucht Pound and f half for each Day ;. 

to be flopc^ on bq^h Jj^^ $l^tr and aTroqper a Ration of firead^ 

isy th^Mafs qf Eart]^ i^^h-opi^i- and. another of Forrage. 

I^qfps thfi RaJnpart, 99S^ (^ ^^. \ ^^^^^i^nt, . Wprks raifed oa 

l|rg^ a^^^l^ttoqfi tWi} ffi.'^^Pr. ^c Coonterfcarp before the 

?ofp or le^Sf aocqrdiof^ to the iCurtin of a 'Place, and whid^ 

^ll^te 9JF the Earth ^ ^pught &rye tpy^ver the Gates of a 

to.l^ebroai4 plough to ^o.w .the. Town auul the Pri4ges. They 

ixiarc^ing^-of Waggom^dCan-, cpnfijl pf^^wo Faces fom^in^.a 

5^>-l§c^^ ^ P^^P^F' which' Valiant Angle, and are defended, 

% »^^ , on i^. As t^ ]iaxth by the Faca of the aeig}d>puring 

which makes the. .Aao^part, is^ &^ions. The Half Moont^ 

tal^ "ifpoi, tbe. (^tfi4^ of it, which cover the )Points oi the 

£^c^u£s . then thc»,]^a92fart and |aiVio^s, havif their Defence! 

Fofsj^^faadp atth&ftmeTimcy ^oi^ the RaveUns. They ara 

It fbUo^r&i iha| thpir-.Prqpor- the jnoftin ulie of all OaCworkS|» 

tiffiis ^^^nd^o^e^wother; for and are b^ the Soldiers called 

fince t^Raq^irt is nqade of a Half Moons. * They ought ta 

certfip Qig^pfs, the f ofs .mail be lower than the Works of the 

l?e de^i. deep' enough (^aiFord Place* that they, nuiy be nnder. 

Eartk for the £Uaip9rt|< the Pa-^ the Fire of tli^ Befieged, in cafe 

xapef^' and the. £fp)a{)a4f . the Enemy flioMld endeavour to 

Randezfijomi JhefPljMie whene lodge themfelves there. Their 

Troops are -to afibo^lpie. &ee Parapets, ,as thoie of all Out* 

'^4nd^xnf9^Sn ,' , works,, ought to be Canno^ 

Ranfrru Ring of aGuJu That Proof ; that is to fay, about ig 

which is next before the Touch- Foot thick. Their Ramparts 

hole, between ft and the Trun- ought to be the half or third of 

nions. See Reinforced, one of the Flanks of the Place, 

Rank. The Order or freight and the Breadth of their Moats 

Line made by the Soldiers of a half the Breadth of the Moat of 

battalion or Squadron, drawn the Place, 

up Side by Side. This Order Razant. Line of Defence 

was eilabliih'd for the Marches, Raxant, Vide Line. 

and for regulating the different Rear. In general is the Hind- 

Bodies of Troops and Officers moil part of a Bactalion or Ar- 

which compofe an Army or a my, or the Ground behind it. 

^ttalion. Rear^ or Rear Guard. The 

Douhling of the Ranks^ is the lad of the three Lines of an Ar- 

^tting of two Ranks into one. mv drawn up in Battalia, where- 

Ration. A Portion of Am- ot the iiril is the Van, or Van 

fnunition^ Bread, or Forrage, Guard, the fecond the.iV^aiii 

m 2 Bod/j 

toifv flftd the laft- the Rear 
^?uard» or^ by another Name, 
the Corps 4e kefenre, of Body 
of Rdme. T&e old Onmd 
Guards tif'thr Campi 9X& al- 
wa^rs ^ Rear Guard of tbe Ar- 
iby, and ate' to fee *tfaat ievery 
thing <^me9 fafe vtn to^bc sew 
CamJ>: ' • *•* . . • ' ; 

Jte4r H^ifFUes. Thetliree 
lifidmoft AiBiks of iha' fitttea- 
Hon, whflii it h dhifin m fip 
(fce|i - ' -^^ T 

0xfnpnd tittK IS always 4-k)r 

{06 Yiirdrdiftuit from^theiirft 
.ine» whidi & like^e^^UlM 
^e: ftova. Liae. -Tiieie two 
Lines ffh |mndl4» ^Dd Mve 
A>metkae$ ^thfrd^ ivIikU is cid- 

' Riaf Rankl is d^e laft Rafak 
of a Batt^ilioifi when drawn iip. 
' XiM^fCamk. The ^fd. 
tiOQ^ Rim* it takes backwards 
if\ktgt%x'^ caas'd by the* Force 
of the PinC tvhidi;* wheft this 
: Piece is* di&Aarged* f(^l^g 
every Wty' to fly oat; drives'ttie 
pun back, and the Powder arid 
Ball fo^rwai^. * Gnns' Whofe 
Vcnis are a Iktle foi%vards m the 
Chace^ ufuall^ tcontt liioft. . A 
Cannon: generally recoils ttii or 
twelve Feet, to \ti}ca wMch» the 
Platform dftlfe Batteries iscom- 
monly madeiaiifclihe, orftoop 
ft littieto'Wards.thc EfrArazufcs. 
•' Rceruitt. ' :NeW Men^ rais'd 
to fijpply the Places of firoh la 
hare jf*ft thtlr Lives in the &r- 
tricc, *0r arc render *d urifervice- 
ible bv Age or^Wbunds. ^Rfe- 
iiniit" Horfcs arc the Horfes 

t ought Up fot coniplcaring the 

• • • 

R je glm g nu bf Horfe or Dragpoo^ 
•t^ery Yean • ■ 

- Bidmit^otlkdhitiH^orkSfZTe 
Lines or Faces that fom ftUy- 

. ing and're-itering An^fesfiank- 
ihg one andth^r, and^'aie -jme- 
tally uiedra ^ $ider « a 
Riyei^ tldncb ntaa tfafongk a 
Caxrifon Tonm. ' Xhty ^ers 
ofbd tefonr iiUMons -^ktat/ mai 
are'by ioAe thought pfefenble 
00 thte. The ^Parapet of the 

: Covert Way is geae]»ly^aixy*4 
on id this M^sner/ - ^ • 
' Jot d i wHii ^ AviMbI foaseFORf 
foferreibr t^dtXtdAoirftdt 
Qarde. Th^antiftdtoAfeiire 
the Lines* cf CfatBon^dattoo 
asNL Coatraiiallation^ anrthe 
Appxoadies.' Thef ite Mo 
made ftiiiatimesi opon- ^tdy 

:Tnrrerfe <if the Ttaiehef^ td 
defend the Woffane^^^^ttAihe 
SalHes 0^ thellcMid. They 
ife often ti6d H&re ferdbe 
Towns,* at Musket Shot I^ 

stance, and conrer. the *Sidlks of 
the ijartifon. Thefe RidaAtt 

. are fometimes g^dder^ -and 
fofflctimes lefe^ but theii» Pata-^ 

rt» not being to'lrefift'CaiinaR, 
only eight orniae Feet1chick« 
-with two^ or *hrce- FootbaSdcs; 
and the* Ditch *a6out the fame 
Bi'ead^lraikd De^^. -' T&eLengtfa^ 
of their .Sides, may be imac ten 
to t\^enty *Fathom.* They are 
likewise tailed Places of Arm^, ^ 
' ReJftc^k Nact. To oblige 
the Governor to fnrrendei^ iced 
the Befjegers by Ca^itnlation. 

Reduh^ Caflff^ or Don^joft.- A 
Place more parficalaffy en 
orenchM/ aiid fepafated ^om the 



ikdly in each of theni ft higf^ .gendraliy^inTka^ of n^e^ht 

Tower; fipoar^kence theCotm- I'lioopsy and in 'tHn^^or Pettier 

try reanddieJiboeiiifty be dif- .fant/fix.' fitch Regimimt h!^^ 

^foverecL' Chflplain, onA »Stir|^(Ai. 

Aitce « BMf t& Mtn,' by* either incde jnrfano, that is, fay Xa{ik« 
dHbanding the v^ole, or only irJffnadKtk ^' . 
brealcing a«Vart$ and retaining JReinfirced Ring of « Giv. 
the reft if or kme^am fay k^- K*9%at nejct the f HeairMr// betwee^ 
^rporating theniiiito other Re- lehnii and the VenCi ^The rek- 
|;imeBtt. ' - * c.-fosoed Rut' of a^ Oaii; irfipom 

*• Refirm^dOjfU^ OnewkoTe i^e Safe Ring to the Rnvfw^ei 

and he 'cotttittaad'ia whole or * M|^ thatt any other Part of 
)telf ¥^y» 'dixia^. Dter in the ' tkeftecr, becaafeof the Force 
Kegia^frht^ ' Hec prtftnre^ his . df the Powjer, 
Right tiffilsnioiiitf^dtiiidooQtiiiikes'. . RAtfarctmM A attUrn^. Aa 
jtatheWi^tfPiivferaieDt;* * Additioti of > fieOi Troow to 
-*' Jb;p'j»i«r;'v<A^Bed)roFfar«fea) ib-engtiienan Anoy, aiidtoeh- 
Ti'oepv of if drfe, orCoin^eines able them to go « oil with ai^ 
of Foot; ami cbnttttabded^'by-a . £iKerprize, - 
C(4arneH"'Xie»tei^tTVCekineIy <- Rthh. $tit Ik^^and^- •^" 
tondMapr.--iidq(eiidetit€ohi- 'ReUiiue. To PoUk^ af§9nard^ 
i^amesr beioog^o.lnotR^flleA't. i» to pat fi^ McaVnpoii ^ 
:Tfa^ NoeiBerbof Tooop^; or ^uard: Tort&mM'i^iifmhts. 
'€^iiipknien'%hira<e to'lbrm a .iiterifriiieve the Qoani: of the 
flegiment, haftiaKfbeen'afcer- Trenches; byftndiiig oflp tho& 
eain*d, no iribre than the Num- "trho hare been the^ Bpon Btrty 
ber of Men that iu^ to fohn a before *' ^» 
Troop or Coihpaily'. Forthere^ *- Stemomt: T'otetmma tbtCiz* 
are Regimeats 'Of 'H<)He of 360 ^nfahy eit Drngoom^' ii to fixmflh 
'^en, and feae>so5^#rjK(Sii»f of 'them with' Itofo in tlie irocin 
2000* '* 80 there ate Regiikienti of thofe Mdiidi have bcAn either 
of Foot-of I tor 4^5 Companies; Milled or diiabled: 
which miy make 7 or-Soo Men; • Reft f^B\ or Catfidt RtferSe^ 
and the Regnnent x^^Picmrdy in A Body 'df Troopt ibmetiirtes 
\^r«iisrrconik&of'i20Cofflpaiiiei, dnuirn out of 'tfeer Amy, aAd 
which, at 50 in aOompany^a-r -eneamped by -'^themielveflr in 
ihomitto 6000 hkn: hi England a ^Mt behind tte other two 
our /^/^Mffrfr are generally ffom Linev. %ecCamf, Liie'o/Bai- 
to to r3 .Gompahiei. tJne of //r> Rear 6iuM,>' *• 
whieh is always Grenadiers. Re- ' Rendtnofvput, • ~) A ^ Place ap- 
^hntmr of Horfe tenrmoft oeni* pomted by the Genual; wher^ 
BKHiiy ikr •Tfoopfi,*- jyot fome of jdl t)ie- Troop%' whick compo(i^ 
^■^ ■ • •: / ' -. '. %■ , ^ ajj 


an Anofi are ta affirmblt «t a founding at the Head of diof 

Day pi^ed. sefpe£liv^ Troops. Tliis i» to- 

Rttiradc, A Tneadi witb m warn the Soldiers to forbear 

Parapet* But Ritirade^ or Cm- firing, and the Gentries to ckal- 

j>i^/Y, is moft oidinarily taken fof lenge till fireak of Day » tha^ 

a Retrenchment formed by the the Reveille is beat. I'he Re- 

two Faces ^ a Re-eatring An- treat i%. likewife called Sating, 

gle in the Body of a Place, af- tke Wai^h^ 
\Kt the inrii Defence is ruined, Rttrmii^ftmt. Any Work, 

^d the Befieged are obliged tcr raifed to cover a Poft, and for- 

absuMiion the Head of the Work, tify it ag^i^ an Enemy, fuck 

without ^uiftiiig it entirely.: as Faldnes loaded with Earthy 

Therefofe, while fome are oiak^ Oabidnsy. « Barceb of Eacth,, 

]pg Htad to ^^ Enemy, others Sand 6^, and generally all 

•ught to be l^fy in *^ nuking the Thifiga that can cover the Men,. 

^tirade^\ w^ich is only a fimple and fcop the Enemy. Bat it is 

Barricade or Retrenchnlenc more particularly applicable to 

ihcpwn 19 in hafte, with a Sort a Fofs bordered with % Parapet s 

#f f ofs before.' It depends and a Po^ ibitified thus, is 

iip«n thfi Knowledge of the En* called a P^fi rHretuhed^ or firing 

'gi|ie^ ti^ diz«£t, and the Honour P^fi* RMtrnuhmtnti ace ekher 

of the Officers and Soldiers to general or i^uticular. 

work at fuch a Time, fmce they * Gemral Rurenchmints, artt 

do it ibr the Defence of their ficw FortiHquiona made in a. 

Liberty ; and' no Officer ought Place befieged, to cover thtt 

to think it below him to carry Defendants, when the Enemy 

J^akkies^ GabioM, Barrels, or ))eoome Mafters of a Lodg- 

tp throw up the Eaxth to cover ropox on the Foiti&cntion, that 

himfelf Tln^R^tirade ought to they may be • in a Condition of 

be raifed as high as poffible ; difputing the Ground Inch by 

and fome Fourneaux or Feu- Inch, and of putting a Stop to 

^gades made under it, .to blow- the tncmy^s Progrels, in Ex- 

«p> the' Enemies Loci^ments. pe^lation of Relief. ^^ if the 

' ' Retreat y'Or T^t'tco, A Beat Sefieged attack a Tehaille of 

«f the Drum in tbe Evening, at the Place which they pdge th^ 

the firing 6f a Piece, called the weakeft, either by ks being ill 

Wiirning Purc^ at which the flanked, or being conimanded 

Drum Major, wfth all the Drums by fome neighbouring Ground ; 

of the Battalion, '' except I'uch then the BeiiegeFS make a greai 

js arc upon Duty, beats round Retrenchment^ inclofing all that 

ihe Regiment : The Drums of Part which they judge in molt 

the Quarter Guards, of the Ge- Danger. Thcfe ought to be 

kcrar> Guard, and all brhcr fortiiied with Ballions and Demi 

fanall Guards, do likewife beat; Baftions, wkh agood Foft, and 

the^Trumpets at the fame Time fhould be higher thai^theWorka 


RE' R I 

t^ '^'c PUce, that tbqr naj Diftance betwten the TsSvltA 

Command the old Works, and 'the Head of the TVcnckes, 

give the Befiegen great Trou- which arc bat at a fmall Di- 

fcle in covering theroftlvcs ; ftancc going the ftrait Way* 

they ought 1ikewii« to be coua- When ttie Head 'is atuck*d by 

terrained. -any SaHy , the Volonteers ana 

* Particular Retrenchments^ are Braves among the Befiegers leap 

fuch as are made in the Ballions, 'Over the Line, and ran out of 

Avhen the Enemy arc Mailers of Shelter tp repulfe the SaH/, and 

the Breach. They^ can never «tit off the Enemy's Retreat. . 
be.made bat in full Ba(tions, for Renmiit. A Beat of th^ 

in empty or hollow Baflions Dran^ about Break .of Day^ t^ 

there Can be made only RetJ^ julrertifr' Ae Army that it is 

raJu, Thefe f articular Re^ Day -light^ and that th« Ccntrics 

irenciments are made feveral forbear chodlenging. 
Ways» aocordmg to the Taate R^v^fcy jQgiufie? oi| the Back, 

they have to cover themfelves : or fachmdL: So we fay/ * Re- 

Sometimes they Are made bc;- ycrfeVfew* *a Rcverfe com- 

fbre-hand, which is certainly manifiag Oipand, -* a Reverie 

the beft; and a. Retrenchment &ttery, Clfr. 
toade before-hand ^eqaires nd Review, The drawing oiA 

more Men for its Defence, than all, or Fart of the Army in Lino 

if it were not made, becaufe of Battle, to be viewed by xhp 

they never defend it till the General in Chief, or other greac 

principal W«rk be loft*. The Officer, that he may know the 

Parapets offuch Retrenchments Condition of the Troops, 
ought to be 5 or 6 Feet thick, ^ RimdandRod, A Meafure df 

and five Feet high, with a huge two Fathom, or 1 2 Feet, ufctt 

deep Fofs, from whence ought by the Dutch Engineers. 
to run out fmall Pougades and Rhomb^ ox Lotcafige. A fquar« 

Countermines. Pig;ure'that has the four Sides 

Returns of a Mine. The equal, but not the Angles,^ 

TTumings and Wiijdings of whcredf two mre obtufe, and 

the Gallery. See C^/Z/ry and two acute. It is what we. vul- 

Mine, gzrXy caX\,Diamond'Cut^ likeMi$ 

Returns 6f the Trench. The Glafs of old Windows, , • 
feveral Bendings and oblique Rhomboide. A foarfided Fi- 

Lines of the Trenches, drawn gure, whofe Angles and oppo* 

ki fome Meafure parallel to the fite Sides are lequal, but ail its 

Sides of the Place attacked, t^ four Sides are not equal. 
(oeVent being enfiladed, or hav- Rideau. A fmall rifmgGroun^ 

ing the Enemy's Shot fcour or Eminence, commanding a 

along the Length of .the Line, Plain, which is fometimes near 

Theft Returns make a grea( ^arall^^ to the Works of & 


lear a Forr mrring wk]K>ut the works« 

taLze t0 liave RtJeauj near , . ^ . . 

ImcadoQ, cTpeculIy whoa thc^ to Tee that thc^ Centrics be . 

lEoot from far, and ten|una^ gent upon theif Ditty^ an^tliaft 
cfni the CoanterTcarp ; for th«y ^tfT Thing be in order. la 
not only commana the Placc^ fiflft Garrlfon^^ tKc' Rounds gp 
hut Ekcwik facilitate the £n^ evety Quarter .of an Hour, that 
liiy '6 Approaches. It is proper- tije Rampar^ may £11 be fur- 
ly fo called^ becaa{e\R^r4»v. ia nitticd, Jt]he Centhes ought c6 
French is a Curtin drawn by challenge at a DfllanceV and arc 
Mature to liide Men from the ta reft their A/mi m tbie ttmoid 
Town. paiTesy letting no^ Man dome 

ItidfOM^ is likewife a Trench^ near them. When djfe Romut is 
covered with Earth, in Fonn near, the Cmrpi Ji^ G^rie^ the 
of a Parapet to cover the Sof- CimiY calls . alou J, If^bp comif 
diers. * /^rrr / Whpi it is inlWered,- TiSr 

, Ralt^ Muft^Rill. A Scrojll Roundi \ii fiys^' StanJ^ and 
of parchment, which each Capr calls for fhe Corporal of the 
tain gives the Mufter Maibiu on Guard, who> drawing his Sword, 
which are writ the Names or the <al]s, Who comes tberf? and is 
Soldien of his Company. anfwered. The Rmmd. Thei^ 

T« rpU i» Dm0p is when Offi- Let him 'who has the Word eut- 
cen of the iaine Rank take their 'vance. The Corporal receiver 
Turns upon Duty, as Captains theWord with his Sword driiwny 
with Captains, and Subalteny and pointed at the Heart of hixd 
with Subalterns, and conunand who gives it. Wlieq the MajoY 
according to the Seniority of goes the Round, the Officers of 
their Commiflions. the Guard receive him with two 

Rollers, Round Pieces of Mufoucteers, and give him the 
Wood of about 9 Inches Dianie- Word only once, which is when 
ter» and four Foot long, which he goes his Round Major ^ Whei^ 
ferve in moving Mortan from |he < Governor goes his Round, 
one Place to another, when it the Officers draw oot the Guard 
is nesir, bv raiUng the fore Part withotit Arms, and fend four 
ff (hoBed fo hi]^, that one of Mufqueteers to receive him sk 
ihdTe RoIUrs may be laid under ten Paoes Diftance, .and give 
it^ then pufhing the Bed for- him the Word as- often as he 
wards^ and laying another in pleafes to demand it. AH other 
its Way, and another before Rounds, without Exception, are 
that, and fo on : Thus the Mor- obliged to give the Word to the 
tar is with little Trouble brought Corporal of the Guard, 
to anotlier Place. . . ^0 Rt^ the Gauntlet, A Pu- 

Round. A Night Watch com- niSiment for confiderable Of- 
manded by an Officer, who goes fences. When a Soldkr is fea^ 
xound the Rampart of a Garri* tenoed to Run the Gauntlet, tlTe 


R tJ 

ipiegiinent is ^ drawn outy and 
%ui]ce a Lane, each Soldier hav- 
ing a Switch Ip his ijraaa. The 
Cruninal^s Shouldersand Back ai^ 
naked, and is &e runs along, 
every one .has f Stroke iu hun, 
While he cuns^ th^ Drumft, be^ 
at each End o/ the Lane. Some- 
times he runs (hr^e. times; fome- 

•S A 

fimcsfivc, and (bmetitnes fev^ 
dnies, according to the Naturtf 
of the Offence. If in- 
tended to make the Pudi(hment 
jrigorodsy the Officers have. a. 
watchful Eye to fee diat the 
Men do not favoar th6 Crimi- 
nal, and puniih zHy that pre<> 
flintd fo CO do. 


rAc a T/srre. fideCatrvas Bfrgs, 
^a/e Guard, 'A Frote^ion 
which uie t^rince,^ or his Gencii, 
ral, gives to fomef of the Ene- 
iny*s Country; to fecui;p them 
JfTbml)eingravag''^ by his Men, 
or quartered upon* Soldiers 
left in i^cli Places,, to fecure 
them againi( their own Men, 
are called Safe, (guards. » . . 

Sajur, thd IciWjBft Sbrf. A 
Caanoil three Iiiches and foAir" 
Eighths Diiuneter In the Bore, 
eight Feet long, 1406 Weight: 
Its Charge of Powder is three 
Pound fix Ouncds, and it carries 
a Bullet thtee Inches and two 
Eighths Diameter, and four' 
Pounds twelve Ounces Weight. 
The poiiit-blanlc Shot of it 15b ' 
Paces. " J * 

Saler, ordinaryV A Gun thVec 
Inches, fix Eighths I^iameter in 
the Bore, nine Feet long, 1500 
Weight ; takes 41b. . for i^ . 
Charge of Powder, and carries 
a Bullet three Indbes and four 
]£ighths DiamAer, andfix^ounds 
Weight. . Its point-blanic Shot 
160 Payees. " . ! . 

Sdker of the largeS Size. JPour 
inches Diai^eter in th^ Bore,' 

ten Feet long, 1800 Weight, (ts 
Oiargc 51b. of Powder; the 
Diameter of its Shov.3 Indies 
and fix Eighths,* the Weight of it 
feven Povnds 'Bye Onrices, the 
point blank Shot of* the Piec«' 
ilSj Paces. TTicy are all very; 
good lield Pieces. ' 

JSaI/j,mFrfftch; Sertie. Thi 
iffhing out of the B^ficged from' 
thch" Works, and failing npoii 
die Befiegers fo cut them off; 
and deflroy their Work$; as' 
they often db in fuccefiful Sal- 
lies, killinj^many Men, deftroy- 
ing the Trenches and Biatteries^ 
and nailing the-CannAn. We 
fay, * To make a Sally', « Td 
i-epulfe a Sally', * To cut cfi i 
Si\\y\ (hat is, to get between 
theffai that made it and Home. 
When a Place bcfieged is (veik* 
in Men, they make few Sal- 
lies)' but wlien the Garrifon ii . 
ftrong, and the Inhabitants nu-" 
znerous, the Governor oug^ 
to diffurb the Enemy by Sallies, 
whidi ought to be as frequent as 
poflible. Thofe .who ma^e 
the SaUjr, are to be arm'd with 
(hort Anns, and arc to have 
G'xtfnades, Firepots, Goudcf ons 
A and 

«id Pionc6rs, to defcoy aiicf 
level the Enemy *^s Works. 

To Salute a Prince, or Perfoii 
ht extraordinary Qjality, at his ' 
tomii^ mto a GarrUbos h the 
£ribg of the Cannon round the 
Plaee. On Icfs Oceafiotw, the 
fmall Arms of a particahir Cotp* 
only falute. LikeWife ki the 
Field, when & Regiment is to be 
viewed by a King or his Gene- 
ral, the Drums beat a March as 
he approaches, and the Officers 
^lute one after another as he 
f feffes by^ ftepping back with the 
fight Foot and Hand, and bow- 
ing (he Spears of their Half 
Pikes to the Ground, and after- 
Wards fecovcring them gently, 
and bringing np the Foot and 
Hand, and planting, themv Ai 
foon as they have fdot^d, thjSy 
are to pull ofF their Hats with- 
©ut bowing, fifut ftatiding up- 
right. The Enfigns falute all 
together, bringing down theft 
Colours near the Ground di- 
retflly* before them at one Mo- 
tion, ai|^ having taken them up- 
again g/itly, lift theiF H^ts. if 
It be a Review of the Army, 
every Battalion id to falute with. 
Mufquets and Bayonets charged; 
We call any of thefc Aftions J 

Sand Bags, Bags containing 
nlout a cubical Foot of E&rrh, 
ufed for raifmg Parapets in 
Hade. See Cam/as Bap. 

Sap, or Safpe. A Trench da J 
-gradually deep under the Earthy 
to pafs under the Glacis, and 
t?pen a Way to come under Co- 
ver to the Paflagc of the Moaf . 
After they have oveitoioe aE 

tRe Obrtadles v^hich the Bes^ 
fiegcd have oppofed to hlndcf*' 
the Advancement o^ their Ap- 
proaches, and that notWith- 
(landing their frequent Salfiesr 
they are at Idt gpt near the Pooe 
of the Glacis, the* Trench is 
carried direftly fetwaiA, the 
Workmen covering thcrafelvcs 
the beft Way they can, witl^ 
Blinds, Woolpacks, Sand Bags,., 
or Mantelets upon Wheels. 
When they are got to the Foot 
of the Glacis, they nu^e Epatd** 
jnents orTraveifes on each Side 
Co lodge a good Body of Men. 
The Sap is made five or fix Fa^ 
thorn from the Saliant Angle of 
the Glacis, where the Men are 
only cover'd fideways; whcrc- 
ibre they lay Planks over Head,, 
with mirdles and Earth above 
them. Hathig by this Means 
obliged the Enemy to tpk the 
Covert Way, the Pioneers, with- 
Mantdetj, Woolpacks, or Sand 
Bags, make immealatelv a Lodgr 
ment, covcrhrg themielves the 
moft advantageoufly they can- 
from the Fire of the oppofite 
Baftion'. Fonnerly this Word 
Sappf figniiicd a Hole dug tmder 
a Buildmg,. in order to over- 
throw it. When a* Covert Way 
II well defended by Malketeen, 
the iBefxegefsr maft mike thear 
Way down mto^ it b^ Sappe. 
y iclb De/ci9it. 

SarrAfdne. ThefameasHesfe^ 
or Poitcullkes. See Her/e. 

SauciJJk. A long Thun Of 
Powder roU*d «p in sf Pitd> 
Cloth, and few'd together ti 
Length, fo that it may reachfrom 
tbe 7oameau, ot Cicanter ^ 


he Minct to the Place whece 
the Engineer ftsLods to fprlng the 
Aline. It may be about two 
Inches Diameter. There *re 
generally two Saucijis to cvexy 
l^iae, that if the one fails^ the 
other may hit. Saucijfes are alfo 
aifed to fire Caiffona, 'whicb fee. 
Saucijfons^ or ^aucijfei. Hag- 

the natural Reprefentation oF^ 
Place, fuch as it appears to us 
whei;i we look upon it from 
without, confidering its Situa* 
tion, the Form of its ^Valls, the 
Number and Figure of its Stee- 
ples, and tie Top of its Build- 
iAg3, both publick and private. 
Scla'ifomans^ or IVaradins, Jn- 

gots made of the Bodies of fantiy. Their Cloathing is no- 
Xniderwood, or of the large thing more than a CaiTock, of 

Branches of great Trees, whercia 
they diiTcr from Falcines, which 
are of fmall Wpod. The Zau-^ 
.^/^« is hound in the Middle, and 
at bothEnds^ and ferves to cover 
the Men, and make Epaulments, 
and for other \3it:^. They are 
About a Foot and a half, or two 
Feetthick, and four. Feet long« 
They are good to flop Paflage^, 
'and being mixed with £arth and 
Fafcines, to make Xfaverfes over 
a wet Ditch. 

Zcaladcy or Efcalade, A fu- 
rious Attack upon a Wall or 
Rampart, contrary to Form, and 
with no Precaution to fecure 
the Men, carried on with Lad- 
ders, to infult the Wall hY open 

Scale. A right Lme, or Rule, 
divided into equal Parts, repre- 
fenting Miles, JPathoms, Paces, 
Feet, Inches, or any other Mea^ 
fure; itj^ u fed in making Plans 
upon Paper, in giving ^ch Line 
ks true Length. Gunners hav^ 
alfo a peculiar Scale. 

Scarf, or Efcarfi, Tfie inte- 
rior Talus or Slope of the Ditch, 
aext the Place, at theFoot of the 
Rampart or Lizierp. 

Scenografhy^ wliich is like- 
wife called FrofptQ, or /7tw, is 

white coarfe Cloth, which comes 
down to thcjr Knees, and which 
they bind to their Bodies with a 
Leather Thong; Their Breeches 
are very large, made of Linnei^ 
and come dovifn to their Ancles? 
Their Shoes are a Piece of Skin. 
or Felt, tied to their Feet wit^ 
Cords : On their Heads they 
have a Bpnnet of "black Felt, 
which rifes up like a $ugar LoaiL 
but round, and not witli a Iharp 
Point, the Brim of which is cut. 
with a Peak. Their Arms are ji 
Fuill, and Piftols; the But End 
of their Fufil ferves them for 
a Spade, when they have Occa- 
iion to throw up Earthj They 
carry alfp a great KniK; anq, 
when they kill their Enemies, 
they have a fort of Satisfadlion 
in putting them out of their 
Pain with this Weapon. Befidej 
thefe Weapons, they carry alfo 
a Sprt of Mace, which they ufe 
to great A<ivantage, by reafoxi 
of their extraordinary Strength: 
They eaiily knock down a 
Horfe, or break open a Gate 
with It, without Trouble. 

To fcour the L^^th of a Ltml 

To rake it from End to End with 

the Shot; fo that every Bullet 

which comes in ^t one End^ 

■ n 2 ' fweepi 


8 E 

^ecps aU tloug to tkc other, 
and leaves no Place of Security. 
Second Cttttain^ or Uiutemunt 
in Second. One whofc Company 
has been broke, and he is joii^^d 
to another, to aift, «id fcrvc 
under the Captain, or LieuijUiant 
.of it, and receive Pay as reformed. 
There axe alfo Second Caftains 
and Ueutenauts of the firft Crea- 
tion, that is, who were never fo 
in the other Companies; but 
particularly Second Lieut ennntt 
arc much ufed among the Foot in 
France^ and in fome Engli/b Re- 

Seniority, The Order of Time 
elaps'd fince the firH raifmg of 
two Regiments^ or of the Offi.< 
cer'^s receiving their CommiiHons. 
In the Line of Battle, the Squa- 
drons of Horfe are polled on the 
Right oV Left of the Line, ac- 
cording to the Seniority of the 
Officers, that is, of their Com- 
xniffions; for the Colonels of 
Horfe command hy the SerUority 
of tlieir CommiiTions: But this 
Tvlethod is not obferved among 
the Foot 5 for thqir Colonels 
have Precedence and Command, 
according to the Seniority of 
their Regiments. The Captains 
in the fame Regiment of Horfe 
or Foot, roll, and have Place 
among ^hemfelves, according to 
the Seniority of their C ommif- 
fions ; and their Troops or Com- 
panies have no. Preference one 
before the other, but by the Date 
of their Captains Commillions. 
^The firll Captain failing, his 
'Company of, the firfl becomes 
the la0 in t)ie Battalion, and the 
f^ond becomes the firft. As for 


Siibalteiiis» t]^ Stmcrsf^ of Adf 
Comfniifions ibes not alter their 
Poft, .but they rolL and afcrnd 
or 4^ce&d with their Compa- 

Sentinel f or CentineL A pri- 
vate Soldier taken out of the 
Corps de Gardty and pofted upon 
any Spot of Ground, to fibuid 
fuid watch carefully for the SeOB- 
rity of the faid Gtrard, of any 
Body of Troops, or Poft, and 
prevent any Surprise from the 

Sentinel perdu. A Ccntinel 
polled near an Enemjr in fome 
very dangerous Poft, where he 
is in perpetual Hazard of being 


Sergeant, An Officer without 
CommiffioQ, or a Staff Oficer, 
above a CorporaI» in a Company 
of Foot, or Troop of Dra- 
goons. Sometimel he commands 
fmall Detachments, and, among 
other Things, it is his particular 
Duty to fee the Men keep their 
due Diftances, Generally com- 
mon Companies have two Ser- 
geants each. He muft read and 
write, and hu Weapon is a Hal- 
berd. They are obliged to keep 
a Lift of the Soldiers and their 
Lodgings, and to vifit them 
pften. They are to teach the 
Company the Exerdfe of their 
Arms, and how they are to pre- 
ferve their Ranks and Files. 
Their Poft on a March is on the 
Flanks, to caufe the Company 
to march in good Order. A Srr^ 
geant of each Coraipany is to be 
on the Parade at Night, to re- 
ceive the Orders aod the Word 
from the Adjutant, which he is 


- jaherns. * Viktu the • Adjutant then they Tire Hanked from the 

; cojnOy the S^rgeaajj plsLce them- Place. Bat if the'Sldes are above 

ieives in a Rmg with him, ac- Muflcet Shot, they are . fomc- 

cording to the Precedency of times mdented, 6r made Vith 

their Comppniej, with their Hats iRedans; or elfe there are ^ra- 

'on the Spears of their Halberds ; Verfes, or CTofs Intrenchments, 

and after he has giren them the cat in their Ditch. So that it b 

* •Orders, he whifpers the Word more d^Lngerous attacking the 

to the firft Sergeant f who gives it Sides of thefe Works than the 

•to the next, and fo on, till it Head.* 

comes to the youngcft, who gives ■ Sie^s. The Encdmpnicntf of 
it to the AdUatant. They ac- an Army entrenched and fSrti- 
quaiBt the Officers who are to fied round "a P!acc, with an lo- 
go next upon Duty. They viih tention to take it. When a Ge- 
the Men*s Anns, and diflribute neral defies tp if'Jirjrg a P&ce, 
AmmoDition to them. he mufl f.r!l order it to be in- 

Sergeant Majm^, Vide Mojor, veiled by a Body of Horfe, nn- 
Sbot. All Sorts of Bullets for dcr the - ommand of a Lieute- 
whatfoever fire Arms, from the nant General, to prevent any 
Cannon to the Piftol. Thofe Succours from en!ring the Hace. 
'for Cannon are of Tron; thofe The Method of encamping in a 
for Mttikets, Carabines, and Pi- £iege differs from * that on a 
• ftols, of Lead. At Sea* they ufe March : For in a ^iege the Army 
Chain and Bar Sbot^ which are fnrrounds the Place, that nodiing 
' two whole, or half Bullets join'd may enter, and lies without Can- 
by an Iron Bar, or Chain, which non Shot of the Town. If the 
gives them Length to cut all Place be fituated on a River, 
they meet with. They arc very Part of the Army is detachM 
nH^ul to cut an Enemy*s Sail and to the other Side ; and Bridges 
Rigging. Vide Builet, of Conimunication are made 

Shvels. UsM in all Works, above and below the Town, 
too well known to need a De- with Redoubts guarded by a 
fcription. Body of Foot. If the Place be 

stfoulderofaBaflion.VfheTtthic encompaffed with Mountains, 

* Face and Flank meet. See EpauU. they pofTefs all the Heights froi^ 

Sides ef Mom fForks^ Crown whence they can gaul the Ene- 
Worksy ^fenaiilesy and fudi like my. At a Siege the Army en- 
Ont Works, by the FrcTich calPd camps with their Backs to the 

' AilleSy or Wings ^ are the Ram- Place; Battalions and Squadrons 
parts and Parapets that enclofe interlined. The Engineers trace 
them on' the Right and Left, the Lines of Circumvallation and 
from the Gorge to the Head. Contravallation, with Redoubts 

' Thefe Sides, when they are not and Angles, at proper Diftances, 

• longer than Muiktt Shdt, are 'and evety Regiment works at 


(ke Pbce appDkiud thcflfe The 
Line of Cireomvaiktioii is with- 
out the Cmnp, to prevent Sac^ 
ceurs. The Line of Contnval'* 
htion k that betwiji the Army 
and -the Plaoe^ and it coven the 
Befiej^ers from the Sallies of the 
Garrifon. When the Genetal 
h«9 difjpofed'his Camps, placed 
his Guards, and eftabliOi'd the 
Lientenant Generals to oMn^ 
inaiid m cKe patticnkr Qgarters, 
with Orders for their Condafty 
he goes with tho Engineen to 
view the Fkce, and onlers the 
Attack in the Qaaiter he jadges 
the weakeiti Bat becaufe it is 
difiiculr to find two Places iitu- 
uxtd dfcer the &me manner, fo it 
js hard to make two Si^s in the 
iame way. For there are fome 
Towns, Where^ without opening 
Trenches, the ^f/^tf^^/ advance 
imonediately, and lodge them- 
ielves on Che CoUnterfcarp, by 
ihe Facilitation of hollow Wavs, 
JRoxns, Cavities, or weak 8»- 
^bs: And there are othen^ 
when the Ground is •better ma- 
naged, where, within Cannon 
Shot of the Out Works, there is 
nothing which can fiicilitate the 
.Enemy *s Approaches. To fuch 
ibrt of Places, whidi are the 
beft, there muft be Trenches and 
Approaches to gain the Ground 
Foot by Foot, which renders 
fuch Sieges dan^eroQs and very 
long, becauie of many Acci- 
dents which happen daily In the 
Attacks, SalUes, Mines, and 
other Accidents of War. 

; 7i make or firth a Siegt, 
ihere muil be an Army fufficient 
to furhifii five or fa. Reliefs for 

8 I 

the Trenckei, PioncHStt* ptu»»d^ 
Convoys, £fi»ct$» 4Mid what elfe. 
majf h^^fipen: An ArtiUf^y, with 
Magaseiiies ^mifiied with a fuf- . 
£cient Quantitgr Qi AmmuiMdon^ 
and ProvifioBs: And an Ho^- 
tal with PhyiiciaQS^Cbirargeosis, 
Uc. and Medicmes* 

To turn a Siege into a Bbckadi^ 
is to Eive over the Atucks, and 
poffeS all the> Avenues leadLog 
to the Plade, to hinder ^^ Suc- 
cours or Convoys gating into ic, 
with a Defign to ^e it by Fa- 

To raije a Siege^ is entirely to 
abandon the J^efigi^ iipon the 
Appjoach of a fupcriv Army, 
or the meeting with infurmowit* 
able Difficnltks. &» Rof/e. . 
Si/loM. A Work Kaifed in thts 
jnidft of a Ditch to deftnd it, 
when it is too wide.. This 
Wotkhas no particular Far^^ 
but, ai itxuBSy forms, little 6i^t. 
itions. Half Moons, andlCodats, 
or Indenturesp which sure jiower 
than the Rampart of the Plac?, 
but higher than the Coveri^ay. 
This Nome of 5i/im is going out 
of Ufe, and they .now call it 
£n^k>pe. Vide (nvelofe^Coun^ 
toKguatJf and Lumttf, . 
SinguTiUMUe. Yidermi/^ 
Sixam. An ^antient Order of 
Battle for fix Battitlioosi which, 
fuppofing thc«i ta he all in 4 
Line, is 'formed thus : Theie- 
cond and fifth Battalions ady<syi^ 
and cdniUtute the V an« ibQ firft . 
and fixth fell back into the Hear, 
or Corps de ^Refer^e^ and the 
third and fourth J^main on. the 
fame Ground for the vain Bat* 
tk. ^ Every ftmalion .ought to 


4K S Q^ 

Ittte a squadron df Hbrfeoti kr tke WmsAei' not-fiiEc^ tmf ftcqot 

Kfghf, fittid Miodier on its Left, an Mtndrod «» two HuniNwA 

Any Niunbe): of BittadioBs^ pro- Men, fometimes more, aad fono- 

dated hy the Mulctpiicadoii of dt&o le&raK^orduig atGenenb^ 

fiXy ma]^' be drsvvfi up in tliis feefit» the Amy'nin$ixeaph^ 

Order; for twelve fiettaiioivwill andOccaiion require». It is ufiir 

make two Siaains^ eighteen wilt a^ oompofed of three Troopi/ 

make three, and fo on. Vide each 50 Troopera. A greater 

Chtquain, Nomber than zoo- ciuinervr be 

SAtrmip, A ffrdden Encomi- adirantageoaily poAed, aor hawe 

ter of two fin(dl Bodies of* Men^ Roooa to a£l inaefrow^sroaiidi.* 

when thef fight in Confii^oa The ddeft Troop takes dway» 

withdot obferving Order. the Right of the Squadron ; the. 

J Soiditr. He that is tiffed^ fecond the Left, and the yoangr 

and receives Pay, to ferve hia efttheCenter* A Squadron it. 

Prince or State in the Wats, always drawn np tluree deep^ 

cither on Footy or onHorfeback. that is to fay, in three Ranks # 

Ta fnmi tbi frvmfet. Vide having the Length of a Horie,, 

Tmmfet, or lather more, between Rank 

i[^^i,fbrthrowingirpWbrks, and Rank. The. Standard ifr 

do notneed any thing particahr ahrays in the Center of the firfr 

to befiddof thenu ' Rank. Whea the Armv is en^ 

T0 jpin Hftf , is to Cwift it up camp'c^ a Squadron of riorfe i» 

m ROpes very hard, for an Ex* allowM 30 Paces for their Front|r 

-pedition in the Wmeer Time; and 30 Paces Interval between 

each Trooper canyihg as mock one Sqnadronr and aoother ; On 

as he can behind him. a March, the Squadrons of the 

SM^e cf a Qun. A lew fimie Colvnm oaght to keep % 

Stair put into a Roll of WbofC convenient JDiftjuice. 
which is coverM over with « Sfuare^ A Figure well known 

Sheep*s Skin, the Wool outw to be compofed of four equat 

waids, to f^ge and dean the Sides, and four Right Angles. 
Gun. As loon aa ibt Gtm has l$Mg ^^nan. Has right An* 

lir'd, a MaCrofs is*ready with the gles, but two of the sSes are 

Sfttftge, while another daps his k)ng, and the other two fliort. 

on the Vent to ftop tite SfuareBattatimrfMeH, Thae 

Air, and flifle what Fire may which is compoled of an equal 

lemain in the Chamber. The Number of Men in Rank and 

Spuige^ Rammer, and Ladle, File, or when the Number of 

after the Gun is loaded, are laid Men in each File is equal to the 

ander her betwixt the Wheels. Number of Men in each Rank.; 

Spun. Are WaBs that croft Sqamr BattaHm pfGrowid^ is 

a Fart of the Rampart and join nHxen die Ground of the Flanka 

to the Town Wall. is of the (mne Extent, as die 

Smuubm. A fiody of fiovfe^ Ground of the Ffont and Rear. 


6 T 


To make a Square. BatuUoii of 
Men, whofe ^f amber is knarwa, 
sa ^o, take the ncareil Radix or 
Square Root, which is feven, 
for the Number of Men mRauk 
aad File. To xnake a Square 
Battalion of G rounds the Num- 
ber being likewiff^ determin'dy as 
^ that Number mufl be muU 
tiply^dhy 3, which is the Num- 
ber of Keet that every Man 
takes in Front, and the Product 
180 divided by 7, which is the 
Number of Feet that each Man 
taketh up in Deepnefs, or the 
BUlance of the Ranks: The Quo- 
tient is 25 i the Square Root of 
which is 5, which is the Num 
berof Men in each File $ and if 
by this Radbc 5, you divide 6o» 
the Quotient is 12 for the Num- 
eer of Men in each Rank. 

Hollow Square »^ A Body of 
Foot drawn up wi^h an empty 
Space in the Middle, for the Co- 
lours^ Drums, and Baggage, 
iacmg, and covered by. the Bay- 
onets eve^ Way, to oppofe the 

Standard. A Piece of Silk 
or Damask, about a Foot and a 
half Square ; on which is em- 
broidered the Arms, Device, 
or Cypher of the .Prince, or of 
the Colonel. It is £xed on sC 
Launce about 8 or 9 Feet long, 
and carried in the Center of the 
firil Rank of the Squadron. In 
rainy or bad Weather, it has a 
Cafe of Leather over it. 

Star Redoubts f are now out of 
Ufe, the Square being found 
more convenient. They were 
inade with Saillant and Re-en- 
tring Angles, and had from 5 to 


8. PointB ; aod each of theif 
Sides or Faces was from 12 to 

25 Fathom long. 

Su^ Brigadier, A Poll in the^ 
Troops of Guanfe, nett linder 
a Brigadier. 

SuS Lifutemint^ An Ofixc^' in 
Regiments of Fufileers, and in 
Companies of Grenadiers, where 
there are no Enfigns, having a 
CommifDon as youngefl Lieuce> 
liant, and Pay only as E^nfign ;. 
but takes Phhce of aU Enfigns, 
except the GuaYds. 

Storm,. See Afiault; Infidt.^ 

Straifj^ A Woxdoir Command 
to difmifs the Soldiers wnen the^*^ 
have grounded their ^fms, fo 
that they be ready to return to 
them upon the £rft firing of a 
Musket, or Beat of Drum. 

Suhfijlcnce, Is Money paid 
Weekly, Monthly, or^otherwifc, 
to SoUiiera, for them to fubfill 
on till the general Pay Days^ 
whea they receive what more isr^ 
due to them \ for the Subdilence 
is always lefs than the Pay, be- 
caufe their Cloaphs, Accoutre- 
mentSp, Tent^, Bread, tSc, are' 
to be paid. It is likewiie the 
Money paid the OfHcers upon 
Account, till their Accounts be 
made up, which is generally 
once a Y^, and then they are' 
paid their Arrears.. 

SubDivifiotu. The leffer Par- 
cels into which a Regiment is 
divided in marching, being half 
die greater Divifions. 

Succour. To fuccoor a PlacC|| 
is to laife the Siege, driving 
the Enemy from before it. 

Superficial Fwnuau^ VkIc 


- Smfigte ht F^fnijkathni Thai 
iPartoftheextcnor 8]de, which 
is terminated by die Flank, pro- 
longM or extended, and the 
Angle of the neareft Baftion. 
The Doable of this Line, vdth 
the Cartin, is equal to the ex* 
tenor Side. 
Sutler. One that follows the 

T A 

Ounp» and feUs aH Sorts of 
vifions to the Soldiers. TYktf 
pitch their Tents in the Rear <rf 
each Regiment^ and aboat the 
6«neral*s Quarters. In all Gar- 
nfons there are alio Sutlers, who 
ferrc the Soldiery. 

Stua/law's Tail. Vide 9ufjg 


^Ail oflbi Trittehes. The firft 
Work the Befiegers make 
when they open the Trenches, 
«s the Head of the Attack is 
carried on towards the Place. 
. There is always Danger at the 
Tail of the Trenches, becaufe 
it is expofed to the Batteries of 
the Place, and the Cannon, 
mounted on the Cavaliers, plays 
npon thofe that relieve and 
mount the Gnard. A Guard 
of Horfe is ever kept at the Tail 
of the Trenches, to be in a Rea- 
dinefs to come to the Relief of 
Workmen at the Head, in cafe 
of Sallies : And this Guard is 
relieved as often as theTrenches. 
Talus, The Slope allowed to 
every. Rampart Work raifed of 
Earth, that it may (land the faf- 
ter, and is more or lefs, accord- 
ing as the Earth is loofer or more 
binding. As for Inflance, the 
Sampart is not built upright, 
becaufe it is of Earth ; but it 
goes floping, being thicker at 
the Bottom or Foot, than at the 
Top, and this Slope is called the 

SMtiHor, or Otgtnvm^d 7alut^ 
Tht ^ope given to a Work on 

the Side towards theConntfy, 
and ought to be as fmall as pof- 
fible, that the Enemy may not 
find itr eafy to be mounted, ei- 
ther by Scalade or ochen^afe. 
But if the Earth be not good, 
the Talus mufl be large, that it 
may keep it up the better. In 
iuch a Cafe it were good to fup- 
port the Earth with a Wall, 
which the French call Chemtfe^ 
when it is not thick, and other- 
wife Rrvetementy which fignifiet 
doathing or fencing, to makd 
the Earth lafl longer, and to 
fave the making too large a Ta^ 
lus. This W^ oueht to have 
a fmall Talus of a fifui or iixth 
Part of its Height, and for a 
Reinforcement it is generally 
fupported in the Infide by Coun- 
ter-forts, or a Sort of Buttref- 

Interior y Or biward Talus^ 
The Slope of the Work next 
the Town, which is much larger 
than that of the Outfide i and has 
at the Angles of the Gorge, and 
fometimes in the Middle of the 
Curtin, Ramps, or flopmg 
Roads, to mount upon the Tex- 
re-plein of the Rampart. The 
• latcri^l 

Iiitcriof Taltu of the Parapet i«i<>fc Front is tfJrantV! ttminfa 

ought to be very fmall, that the the Conntiy, Ithi^ntig two Pftbei 

Men may tvfrh moi-e Eafe fire fbrming a Re-e^tiin<g ot Ren- 

bver it. See Ptofk, trantc Angle ; i\Ps two long 

Superior or Upper Talus of the •Sides terminate o*i theCoant^- 

'Paut>ct. The Slope on thb fairp, oppoftt^ t6 die Aag^e of 

Top of the Parapet, ^is Slope theShonlder. 

Allows the Soldiers to defend Double Tenaiile. A Woik 

the Covert Way with ffliall Shot,* whofe Front ImviisJ foar Paces^ 

which they could not do were forms two Re-entrings, and 

it level. three Saliant Angles ; its long 

Tat'too. Sometimes caird the Sides are likewiie parallel, and 

Retreat, or Beat of Drum at terminate on the Counterfcarp, 

Kight for all SoMiers In Gatri- oppbAte to the Awglfe '6t thfe 

fon to rtpaif to their Quarteh, ^ottldfer. Both thie fiwgic and 

and fo their Tents fn the Field : 4o«iblfe Tenailles h«ve this f^nilt. 

After whiA in Frtrntier Towns, that they arc not Aankedor de- 

and where the Inhabitants art fended at the Re-^htHhg Angte^ 

fufpefted, they are not permit- becaufe the Height of the Plara- 

ted to llir abroad, or, at leaft, pet hinders the Soldiers from 

not without a Light. See Re- -tfifcovering befb^e that Atigte. 

treat. Th'efrfbre Tenaillep are Oldy- 

TV bi^fn, A holy Hynfa made when there H not Tirtte 

•fnng in Thankfgiving for aify enough to mfeke 'Hbtt&woriDB. 

Victory obtained, whidi is of- The Rahiparts, f^Krapets^Foffh, 

ten abus'd, being fung by thdfc Govfeit Way> akvd OiatSl of fV- 

'that are beaten to conceal their imtliesi aVe the iiiWie widi other 

Shame. Outwdifes. 

TeTfioins. A hiftc% Term f6r Teftaine in the fofs. A low 

the Kecei of Ear A left ftanding Work raifed Mbre the CXirdli 

as Matks ot Witneffes, in the in the mid<fle iff the Fafs, and 

FofTes of Places tiiey are einp- i^ of three dMFerent Sores. The 

tying, to the end they mayknow ftrft is x:oflipofed of a Caitm, 

cxadtly how mahy cobical Fa- two FUmks. and tw* Ffttes. 

'thorns or Feet of Eaith have been The Rampart of the Cartin, hk- 

carried away, thereby to pay dtiding die Parapet aad TalnSy 

the Workx*nen. il but five F«thom thiek, bat 

Tenaiile of a ^lace^ or Fortrefi. the Rahipart of the Flanks end 

The Face of it. Vide Fb«. Faces is leven. The ftcond is 

Tenaiile. An Outwork fon- compofed only of two Ftcrt, 

ger than broad, whofe long made oh the Lines of Defenol^, 

Sides are parallel ; and is titirer Whofe Rampart and Faces are 

flngle or dont4e. There a^e paralld. The third differs, fitmi 

likewife Tenailles in the Pofs; the iaft, only in having il^am* 

SingU Tenaiile, k Wotk tzxt paraHd to thit eorBn of liie 

. Place. 

Place. Alt tbefe Sorts are very 
good Defences for tbe Fok, and 
lie (o low> thfit xhvy cannot bf 
hurt by the ^e^qsers CaanoO) 
till it be Qfi the Covert Way. 
See ^ueife d\ Tr4mdf>n 

TitnPlojiQf a Rampart. The 
Horizontal Superficies of the 
Rainpart, between the Interior. 
Talus and the Banquet. 'Ti# 
pn the ferr^ flein (hat the De- 
fei)dants go aad ccune : It is 
likewife the Pafiage of the 

ToTertiaU a P*w. To^- 
aaiine whether it has the i\^ 
Thicknef$ of Metal in every 
Place, 4iid whether it be tru^ 

Ttfj/?. A Meafur^ ufed by 
the Fremch Engineers in 9XL their 
f ortificationsy and is a. Fathom 
£« Foot« A fqua^e Toifi is 
36 ff^qare Fieet, and ^ cubical 
Z»ife is 216 cubical Feet. 

Tompiofi, A Stopple of Wood 
or Cork, whkh is ufed in 1^- 
ing a Mortfir } it is ejca^ly Ittted 
fpr the Mo(}th of the Chamber, 
^4i^ dfovehjird \^ %fi^ the 
Powdf^» #ndthe Bomb is placed 
above it : It fefv^s, by con- 
^ning the Powder, to wke it 
))«rft out with th^ more Violence. 

TomftM is likewife, a topple 
of Wood fortheMQuth of the 
Mortar or Gbus t% keep oat 

f«9i. Th« fme «s Tejtfu/le. 

Toucb-boli. The Hole of 
gny Piece to give Fire to it. 

T9wn M^^- Vide Maj§r» 

Train. Vide Artilltry, 

Tra^fim* A Piece of Wood 
frkich goes acri>& beurixt tha 

T R 

Cheeks of a Gun Carriage, or 
of a Gin, to keep them fix*d to* 
gether ;- each Tranfum in n Car- 
riage is ftre^thened by 1^ BoU 
of Iron. 

Trafesce: A Figure that haa 
only two oi its four Sides pa- 

Trapixiuiky or TaUet, Has 
all its lour Sides and Angles uu* 
equal, and no Sides parallel. 

fraverfe, A Trench with g 
Parapet, and fometiqies two» 
oi^e on (he Hight> aod another 
on the Left. • Soxnetimes thif 
Trench is op^n over He;Ml» 4h4 
foatetinacis covered with Flanks* 
load^ with Earth This^Word 
is often dken for a Q^ipry, an4 
^fo iignifies z^ Retrenchment, or 
J^in^ fortify'd with Fafciaes^ 
Barrels, or Sags of Earth, or 
Gabions. Jraverfa are very 
ndvantageoiM in Hopping an Er 
nemy's Wav, 4nd to prevent 
heing enfiladed They are like- 
wife a good Dpfen^re in a dry 
fofs, in making the P^rfipetoa 
the Side next the i9ppoiite Flank. 

made by throwing into the Fifi^ 
over ag^nft the Pla4:e where th^ 
Miner is to be pu$ to the Foot 
of the Wall, Sundance of Sau- 
dflbns, Joyfts, and other Pieces 
of Wood, with Fafcines, Scones, 
£artb» aad all other things 
which can help to fill up ihtFofs^ 
and be capable of carrying a 
Gallery far fuch as ufe i(« 

Traverfe, is likewife a Wall 
of Earth or Stone crofs a Work 
which is commanded, to cover 
the Men. 

# a T# 

f R 

To trepverfe a Otm cr Mortar, 
is to bring her about with Hand 
Spikes to the Right or Left, 
till (he is pointed exactly at th# 

• Trtncb. In general it fignifies 
any Ditch, or Cut, made in the 

Trenches, approaches, or Lines 
of Attack, Works carried on 
by the Beliegen, being ufually 
cut into the Ground, with Para- 

Gts next the Place, for their 
en to gain Ground, and draw 
near the Fortifications of the 
Place under Covert. They are 
carried on diiferently, according 
to the Nature of die Ground. 
For if all round the Town the 
Ground be rocky, the Trenches 
are raifed above it with Fafctnes, 
or Faggots, Bags of Earth, Ga- 
bions, Woolpacks, Epaulments 
of Earth brought from far, and 
any thing that may cover the 
IMen without flying, as Stones, 
and the like. But if the Earth 
is fit to dig, the Frenches are no 
other than a Ditch, or Way funk 
down into the Earth, and edg*d 
with a Parapet next the Be- 
fieged*. Its Depth b about fix or 
feven Feet, and its Breadth fe- 
ven or eight. Howfoever the 
Trenches 1^ made, they muft al- 
ways be fo contrived, that the 
Befieged may never • enfilade 
them, that is, fcour the Length 
of them with their Shot. JKor 
this Reafon they are carried on 
by CoudeSjElbows, or Traverfes, 
which are Lines returning back 
from the End of them, and run- 
ning almoft parallel with the 
jHace. As the 2tr/»cirri are never 

T R^ 

dtfried on bat in the Night^tnae^ 
tlierefore thcGioand oughrtd 
be cxadly viewed in the Digr. 
On the Angles or Sides of the 
Trenth, there ou^t to be Lodg- 
ments or Epanhnents in form of 
Traverfes, to hinder the Salliet 
of the Garrifon, favour the Ad* 
▼ancement of the Frenches, and 
to fuftain the Woiicmen. Tbefe 
Lodgments are fmall Trencha 
fronting the Place befieged, and 
joining the Trgmh at one Sad. 
The Platifbrms for the Batteries 
are made behind 'the Tretfchttp 
the firft at a good Diftance, to 
be afed only a^ainft Sallies of 
the Garrifon. As- the Ap«> 
proaches advance, the Batteries 
are brought nearer, to ruin the 
Defences of the Place, and dil^ 
mount the Artillery of the Be- 
fieged. The Batteries for tie 
Breaches are made, when the 
Trenches are advanced near the 
Covert Way. If there be two 
Attacks, there moft be Lines of 
Communication, or Beyasts, be- 
tween the two, with Places of 
Arms, at convenient Difiances. 
The Parapet ought to be five 
Foot thick, and have Banquets 
for the Soldiers to mount upon. 

Rjetnms of a Trench. The 
Elbows and Turnings, which 
form the Lines of Approach, 
and are made as near as can be 
parallel to the Defences of the 
i'lace, to prevent their being en- 

To open the Trenches, fee OpetSk 

To carry on the Trenches, to ad* 
yance them towards the Place. 

To mount the Trenches, is to 

mount Gaard in the Trtnchet* 



T$ riJuv9tbe Tfrfictes, it to re-' who are the loweft Officers in » 

htvciheGmr^oftheTretuifes* froof. A Regiment of Li^hc 

IFo difmpunt the Trmeha, is to Horfe, in England^ coniifb ofhx 

eome off the Guard of the Troops, and femetimes nine. 
Tremcha^ T0 dism/e •rfcmar tin Independent Troop, That which 

trtiKhts^ is to Biake a vigorous is not incorporated in any Regi- 

Salley upon the Geaid of the xoent. 

Tmehet ; forcing them to quit Troop. To heat the Troop, or 

the Groond, brealung down the JJfemUy. Is the fecood Beat of 

Fantpety &Uing up die Trench, Dram when the Foot are to 

and nailing their Cannon. march ; the General being the 

1 Counter Tnadis. Trenches firft, to give Notice of the 

sbode againft the Befiegers, which March^ and the Troop the next» 

confequently have their Parapet for the Men to repair to their 

turned againft the Enemy's Ap- Colours. 
froaches^ and are enfiladed from TrOper, The vulgar Name 

tereral Parts of the Place, on by which every Horfe Soldier ia 

pnrpofe to render them ufelefs call'd. The French call them 

to the Enemyt if they chance to Maitres, or Cavaliers. 
be Maften of th«n 1 but they Trumpet, Signifies either the 

ought net to be. enfiladed or Martial Inftrument ufed among 

commanded by any Height in the Horfe, to give Notice what 

ihe Enemy's Trenches. tiiey are to do, or the Man 

• Triangle, OTTrigon. A Figure that founds it. We fay, * To 

confifting of three Sides, and as found to Horfe, a March, a 

many Ansles. Charge, a Retreat, a Levee.* 

Triamgu ReSat^tdar. Which Every Troop of Horfe has two 

has one right Angle, Trumpets. The Sound of the 

Triangk Jmbiigpne. Which Trumpet before a March, is to 

has an <3)tufe Angle. boot and faddle, at which the 

Triangle Osrigon, Which has Troopers get themfelves ready 

a iharp or acute Angle. to mount. This is (bunded when 

Triangle EfuilateraL Which the Drums beat the Gene- 
has all * three Sides of an equal ral. When the Aflembly is beat» 
Length. ' the Trumpet founds T'o Hor/e, 

Triangle I/o/cele. Which has and they all mount ; the third 

only two Sides equal. is 7a March. They found a 

Triangle Scalene. Which has Charge in Dav of Battle, and 

aU three Lines unequal. the Retreat at Night. 
' Troop of Hor/e or Dn^oons. A Trunions 0/ a Gun. The two 

fmall Body of about 50 or 60, Pieces of Metal fticking out of 

fometimes more, fometimes lefs ; the Sides of a Piece, by which 

conunanded by a Captain. Each it fwings in its Carriage. They 

Troop has, befides a Captain, are generally the Diameter of 

a Lieutenant, Comet, Quarter the oaH of the Piece in Length, 
Matter^ and three Corporals, and 

T U 

ind their Diameter is the iama 
witk the Diameter of the Ball. 
The Axis of the Tnmious, is 
equal with the lowermoft Si4e 
of the Chace of th£ Gun. 

TruMimRifigf n that Oma^^ 
ment or Jutting-out a little be- 
fore the Trusuons. 

Tmmfiki. A Piece of Wood, 
or Spar, lo, i2» or 14. Feet 
long, 6 or 8 Inches, or evea » 
Foot Diameter, cut in a Sex- 
fingttlar Form, every Side of it 
bor'd full of Holes ^bout an Inch 
Dameter, and 9 or 6 Inches from 
e^e another, but not anfwering 
#D the Sides to one another i on 


the contrary, all diflferendy pro- 
fited. Throi;^h thefe Holes» 
Pickets, that '^, fhort Pikes, 
»re run, being about 5 or 6 
Feet long, and am Inch Diame- 
ter, pointed with lron» and 
faftened.into ihe Holes with 
Naib or Wedges. Thus the 
Points Aand o«t efery Wa^ 1 
fnd thefe Twwipikes are of -great 
Ufe tQ ilqp an Sn^my, bemg 
pUeed on a Srfech, or at the 
Entrance of % Camp, or in wmj. 
Gap. They aw likewife a good 
Defenoe agaipft tktt^ Hoife of am 
Anny. ITf^^'aie likewift 


yjNy OtVottgHord. Thcfirft 
• Line of ^m Anny drawn up 
IB Battalia, which gives the firu 
Charge upon the Enemy ; the 
fecond Line is the Main Body, 
and the Third the Rear Guard, 
or Body of Refcrve. The Van 
is the Front, or foreniofl Part 
of any Body, or Bodies of 

FeJette. A Centry on Horfe- 
|>ack, or a Trooper upon a 
Centry Poft. His Horfe's Head 
is towards the Place from whe(ice 
any Danger is feared, and his 
Carabine is advanced with the 
Butt End againft his Right 
Thigh; when the Army lies 
encamped, there are Vedettes 
pofted at all Avenues, and on 
all riiing Grounds, to watch for 
Its Security. 

^0 Fiew a Place in order to 
befiege it, which the Frencb call 

'^Reconnoitre, is when the Gene-' 
ral, accompanied l)y the Hn^^ 
neer, rides round the Place^ 
obferving the Situation of i^ 
with the Nature of the Couatij 
about it ; thereby to judge of 
the moft convenient Place |bf 
0|>ening the Trenches, and par- 
rying on the Approaches; 1;^ 
find out pi-opei: fl^ces for en- 
camping the Anny, for thf 
Lines of Circumvallation and 
Contravallation, and for the 
Park of Artillery. 

I'o Finv, or Kecotomtn rnn 
Enemy, To get as near their 
Camp as pofnble; to fee the 
Nature of the Ground* and the 
Avenues to it ; to find out the 
Strength and Weaknefs of their 
Encainpment, where they may 
be beft attacked, or whether it 
be proper to hasaurd bringing 
them to AfUon, Parties <^ 


Horfc arc generally fcnt out W 
view the Enemy's March, t# 
know whither it tends ; thereby 
to gaefs at their Deiigns, and to 
nguiatd t'Ke Mdtibnt of die At- 
\^ aco6rdih^y. 

^9% wlien the Quarter Maftor 
Oenetal, with a ftreng Party of 
Horfe, %tm ta view die Ways 
!R»r the Marth of an Amy^ and 
to iiikl the nod coh^eaknt Pkpe 
fn- an fihcafnpmem. 

t/Amf. HoHeiMli. TfaeOA- 
C(^ at ffottC) ai« dftfs'd in 
'Clo^i and tte ^▼<^te Men in 
Sheep's Skine. Thwr wear a 
Mantle Aiade of Wbol, an Inch 
thiek» fo that the Raili can never 
enter It : Th^ Man it aboat 
theiif Ntcks with a Leather 
Th49tt|r, or Pleeet)f Silk, andfe 
torn it whkh Way the Wind 
fits, or the Rain fUb: Tbeir 
Breedies are very large, and 
eome down to theiir Andes : 
They wear a Boiaiet and Bas- 
kins, tht Heels of which are 
ihod with fmall Nails: They 
had fblineily Whka CockV 
Wiitgs at their 8«:k», wlddk 
were to iVight theiir Eneaiy's 
Hoffes) tad, for the fame Pur- 

Soie, iSieir StMdards were a- 
omed with £^e*6 Wings. 
The Anns they nfc are a B«^ 
ind Arrows, vA SiA^e, which 
th^ auDM^ wi& grtaic Dent* 

u % 

rity. When they ride full Speed, 
they will raife themfelves upon 
their Stirrups, and^ like the 
old PartbtanSf difcharge whole 
€howei8 of Arrdwt belund them 
vpcHi thehr Porihen. They 
are in general much afraid ef 
Fire Arms : Btit thofe in the 
-toicice of the King of Pruffia 
are armed with a Carabine and 
PiAds. They always carry a 
Knife and an Awi, for the mak^ 
ing their Whips, whidi they call 
Kmtfcbom^ the Handle of which 
is compoTed of feveral little 
Twigs of brown Wood, to which 
they attribute this fingufaur Vk^ 
tue, that, hy ftrikine thrice on 
the Crupper, a Horle that cM- 
not ftale is inamediately owed. 

V^lmuiers. Gentlemen, who^ 
withoot having any certain Poft^ 
Pay, vr Employment, in the 
Forces under Command, pat 
themfelves at their own Expeaee 
«pon warlike Expeditians, and , 
nm into Dangers only to gala 
Honottr and Employment. 

VJiem/Ui. The liecelbries dae 
to every SokKer, and to be for* 
nifli'd by- hii Hoft wheie ka» 
ipiarter'd: They aiv, « Bed 
with Sheets, a Pot, a Glaftv 
or Cop to drink tout of, aDiih, 
a Place at the Fitt, and a Quk- 
die. Sometimntt die Inhabitants 
oampound, and allow fo mach 
in Money to be eafcd of it. 


W A 



Zf^AD D. A Stopp«rof H![^ 
or Straw forced into a Gun 
upon the Powder, to keep it 
dofe in the Chamber. When 
it is home at the Powder, the 
Conner gives it generally three 
Thumps with the Rammer Head. 

Wad H^ok.txt Worm. Afmall 
. Iron tum'd Serpentwife^ like a 
Screw, and pat upon die End 
of a long StfliiF, to draw oat the 
Wad of a Gun when fhe is to be 

Waggon Mafter General, He 
who has the ordering and march- 
ing of the Baggage of anAnny. 
On a Day of iVjarch, he meets 
the Bs^age at the Place ap- 
pointed in the Orden, and mar- 
ihals it according to the Rank 
of the Brigade or Regiment each 
Waggon belongs to, and marches 
it according to the Rout given 
him; whi<£ is fometimes in one 
Column, fometimes in two ; 
fometimes after the Artillery'; 
and fometimes the Bageage of 
each Column follows tneir re- 
fpe^ve Column. 

Warning Piece. The Gun 
which fires every Night about 
i>un-fet, to give Notice to the 
Druroi and Trumpets of the 
Army* to beat and found the 
Retreat or Tat-too, which is 
likewife caMtASetting the Watch. 

WaraMns. See Sclanwtians, 

Warrant Officer. See Officer. 

Way of the Roundt. See 
ChemtM 4if Rondet, or Fauffie 

Welt. A Depdi the Miner 
finks into the Ground, and 
thence carries on the Branches, 
OP Galleries^ to find oat, and 
difappoint the £nemy*s Mines, 
or to prepare his own. 

To tuheeL This is a Motloa 
that brings a Battalion, or Squa- 
dron, to front on that Side 
where the Flank was, which is 
wheeling to the Right or Lefv 
if an Enemy appear ready to 
attack the FIank> or if it be 
thought fit to fall upon the Ene- 
my's Flank. In this Motion the 
Ranks and FUes muft take great 
Care not to bend, but eveiy 
one to keep his due Diftance ; 
and there muft be very able Ser- 
geants at the Angles, to fee the 
Files do not breaki and fall into 
Confufion. If the Battalion 
wheels to the Right, the Left 
Wing moves firft, defcribing the 
fourth Part of a Circle about the 
Leader on the Right, who is the 
Center of the Motion, and ftirs 
not off his Ground. If the 
Wheeling be to the Left, the 
contrary is to be performed. To 
nvheel byfingle Ranis ^ if it be to 
the Right, the Right Hand Man 
of each Rank turns on his Heel^ 
while the Left Hand Men move 
round, and the whole are form- 
ed into one Rank, fronting as 
their Flank was before. To re- 
duce them into Ranks again, the 
Left Hand Men turn on their 
Heels, while the Rirht Hand 
Men move r^und. Sqoadrons 

w I wo 

« I 

hf Horfc wheel after the fame when they TFT^etl to the Right^ 
Manner. " the Left Wing of the Battalion 

ff^icket. A fmall Door in a moves firft, whiUl the Right 
Gate of a fortified Pbce^ at Wing takes a (hort Compafs, 
which a Man on Foot may get turning tip the File Leader of the- 
in, and which is fometimes open- firft i*'iley as upon a Centre, 
ed when the Gate is ordered to T^e contrary is done if they 
be kept fhut. The Height of. Wheel to the Left, 
it is aDOut three Feet and a half, iVinttr Quarters. See ^mar^ 
and the Breadth two. ■ ttrs. 

Windage of a Cun.^ The Dif- Witnejfes, See Temoins. 
firence between the Diameter of ^ke Word, A Word that 
th^ Bbre, and the Diameter of ferves for a Token^ and Mark 
the Ball: For finc^ the Balls are of Diftin^Hon, given privately 
rough, if they were not fome- every Night in an Army by the' 
what lefs than the Bore, they General, and in Garrifon by the 
m^ht jamm in the Piece : So Governor, or other Officer com- 
that the Windage of a Demi manding in Chief, to prevent 
Culverin is a Quarter of an Inch. Surprize, and hinder an Enemy, 

Windlace, A RoUei' of Wood or any treacherous Perfon, to 
fquare at each End, thro' which pafs backwards and forwards. 
are either crofs Holes for Hand When the Governor, Deputy 
Spikes, or Staves acrofs to turn Governor, orTown Viajor, goes 
it round : By this means it the Rounds in a Garrifon, tho 
draws a Cord, one End of which Officer commanding in every 
* is fattened to fome Weight wjiidi Corfs de Garde ^ is to receive and 
it raifes up. They are ufc^i in give them the Word\ but infe- 
Gins, and about D«f£i^ Mortars, rior Rounds are to give Wordio 
to help to elevate them. the Guard. In an Army, the 

Wingof an Armfdranimupfor General gives the Word to the 
MattU^QtWingof one of iti Lines. Lieutenant General, or Major 
The Horfe on the Flanks^ or at Genehd of the Day, who gives 
the End of each Line on the it to ^the Majors of Brigades, 
Right and Left. * they to the Adjutants, who give 

Wing of a Battalion^ or Squa^ it firft to the Field Officers, and 
drou. The Right and Left Hand afterward to a Sergeant of each 
Files, that make up each Side Company, who carry it to the 
or Flank. Formerly when a Subalterns. In Garrifon it is 
Battalion was drawn up, the givenbytheGovemor, after the 
Pikes were in the Center, and Gates are fhut, to the Town 
the Mufqueteers on the Wings, Major, who gives it to the Ad* 
which Wings are alfo calPd Great jutants> and they to the Sergeants. 
DiviJionSy or ivboU Di*vijums o£ Words of Command, are the 
th« Battalion, In Wheelings, Terms ufed by Officers in exer- 

^ p ciiing 

wo Y O 

ci£Ag Battaltom or Squadioiu, Wgrh of the Plate ; ud moi* 

or when tbiy tre upon Adion. partkularl^ all detackcd ^prit, 

tFarii, AU the Fortifications ue called ^e Omt-tuerii. 
about a Place, are oiled the 

YO»»gtr Ht%imeBt, or Oficcr. lie be never fo oU a Man, t 

That Regunenr u joioigtfi have ferved never fo long i 

which wai laft raifed, and that other Ca^dties. See more Ui 

Officer jmfttp whofe CommiT- der the Word Sadtritj. 
fion ia of uc lateft Date, tho' 


nis Day is PubUJhed, 

By JoHW Briitdley /^New-JBond-Strect^ 

[ Price Four Guineas in Sheets. ] 

[ Beautifully Printed en a Royal Papery in Two f%* 
hemis F^Ho^ adorned noifb' near Fourfiore Copper^ 
Platis. ] 



o r 


In aU its BRANCHES* 

VoLtl. Containing, 

A Faithful TranlUition of that moft Noble and 
Ufcfiil Work of His Grace, WiLti am Cavsn- 
DISH, late Duke of ^mv^/f, intitled. The Man' 
mr of Feedings Dr effing^ ondTraimng if Horfes for 
the Great Saddle^ and Fitting them for the Service of 
tbi Field in Time of War^ or for the Exercifi 
emd Improvement ofGentlenven in the Academy at Heme : 
A Science pecuHarfy necejfary throughout all Europe^ 
and which has hitherto heenfo much negle^ed^ or dif^ 
attraged in England, that foung Gentlemen haveheem 
oUiged to have Recourfo to Foreign Nations for this 
Part of their EdMonkm With all the original Cop- 
per- Plates, which were engraved bj the hm Foreign 
Matters, under His Grace's immediate Care and 
Infpeftion, and which jare explained in the different 
Lellbns. And that no Improrements might be 
wanting, this moft Noble Work is beautifully orna- 
mented with Head-pieces and Initial Letters, proper- 
ly adapted to the fubfequent Chapters; and enlarged 
with an Index. 

Vol. n. Containine, 

I • Diredions for the Choice of Stamansmd ifares^ 
and for Weaning and Managing of Foals until they 
come' to a proper Maturity for&rvice, fuitable for 
the Ufes they are defigned for. 

^. Inftrudions for tne Choice as well as Manage* 
OEient of Hunters. Under which Head is included. 

A fupplemental Difcourfc, containing proper mS 
ufeful Inftrudions in the Choice of Hounds : Alio, 
The Manner of Breeding, Keeping, and Phjrficking 

3. The Pirfi^t KnowUigi of H$rfts ; being a 
luccind Account of their various Diforders, both In'* 
^trnal and External, and their good and bad Quali- 
ties \ ihewing, the Seat, Caufe, and Symptoms of 
all Difeafes with proper Recipes, and Methods of 
Cure, whether by Manual Operation or otberwife ; 
the like not hitherto extant in any Book of Farriery 
whatfoever inthe^iifilr^Tognue. 

4. The Oftiology and Myobgy of a Horfe : or. An 
Anatomical Dedchption of all the Bones and Mufclcs 
diat cdmpofe that moft Noble and Ufeful AriimU | 
pointing out their VariousUfes and AfFedions, and ac- 
counting for many other Particulars in theOeconomy 
of a Horfe, that are not generally known. Uluftrated 
with near 30 Copper-plates, in which the Seats of 
all Difeafes are not only cxa£Uy defcribed, but fe- 
deral new Inftruments requiiite in the Cure of them 
moft accurately delineated. Alfo, In order to give a 
more perfefb Idea of the different Subjects, all the 
Anatomical Prints, reprefenting the Mufcles, Bones, 
b^r. are wrought oiF in their proper Colours to render 
it the moft complete of its Kind hitherto publiihed. 

5* A Colle£tion of choice Recipes communicated 
by Perfons of Experience and Diftindion. . 

To this Part are added two complete Indexes, the 
one of Difeafes, the other of Medicines. In order 
to which, at the End of each Recipe is added, the 
Price of each Medicine. 

And to the Whole is ad^j^, The Horjeman and 
Farrier's Diifionaryy explaining all the Technical 
^trtas that belong to' the Stud, the Stable, the Ma* 
nage. Farriery, or whatever relates to Horfes. 

' A few are printed on an Imperial Paper, Price 
Seven Guineas. 

N. B. Jf any Gentleman is dejirms of feeing ibis 
tVorky on finding their Dire&iws^ they will iev/aited 
Mfl tberewitb.