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ANNALS 



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THE KINGDOM OF IEELAND, 

' . BY THE FODR MASTERS, 

FROM 

THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE YEAR 1616. 

KDITKD FROM M38. IN THB LIBRARY OF THB ROYAL IRISH ACADBMY AND OP TRINITY OOLLBGB. DUBLIN, WITH 

A TRANSLATION, AND COPIOUS NOTES, 

BY JOHN O'DONOVAN, LLD., M.R.I.A., 

BABEISTEB AT LAW. 



" Ulim Regibu parebtnt, nunc per Principes factionibus et studiu trahantur : nee tliud advenu* valMiaimM gouts 
pro nobU utilioa, qiuun quod In commune non consulunt. Rtnu doabus tribusve civiutibui ad propulfandnm ( 
periculom conventui : ita dum singuli pugnant univerai vincuntur." TACITUS, AOUOOLA, c. 12. 



SECOND EDITION. 

VOL. III. 

x 

DUBLIN: 
HODGES, SMITH, AND CO., GRAFTON-STREET, 

BOOKSELLERS TO THE UNIVERSITY. 

1856. 



DUBLIN: 

at li)t 

BY H. H. OIL!.. 



emeaNN. 



B 



emecraN. 



aois chreioso 1172. 

ChpiopD mile ceo peachcmojac aoo. 

UQ CClUhaiN comapba maeooij oo ecc. 
J5'ollu aeba ua nuiiDin (DO mumcip aipib loca con) eppcop copcaije Do 
ecc peap Ian Do pach oe eippibe, cuip oije a^up fgna a aimpipe. 



O'A'ane, O'Cacliam.-Thisname isanglicised 
O'Cahan in old law documents, inquisitions, &c., 
but it is at present made O'Kane, or Kane, in the 
north of Ireland, and the form O'Kane is adopted 
throughout this translation. There were several 
families of the name in Ireland, of whom the 
most powerful and celebrated were seated in the 
baronies of Keenaght, Tirkeeran, and Coleraine, 
in the present county of Londonderry ; but it 
would not appear that the ecclesiastic, whose 
death is here recorded, was of this sept. 

b Succettor of Maidoc, Maodhog, or Aedhan, 
now anglicised Mogue and Aidan, was the first 
Bishop of Ferns, and successor of Maodhog is 
used in these Annals to denote Bishop of Ferns. 
The word comapba signifies successor, either 
ecclesiastical or lay, but generally the former in 
these Annals. There were two other ecclesias- 
tical establishments, the abbots of which were 
called Comharbas of Mogue, or Maidoc, viz. 
Rossinver, in the county of Leitrim, and Drum- 
lane, in the county of Cavan ; but whenever the 
abbots of these places are referred to, the names 



of the monasteries are mentioned, as O'Farrelly, 
Comharba of St Mogue, at Drumlane ; O'Fergus, 
Comharba of St. Mogue, at Rossinver ; but when 
the Bishop of Ferns is meant, he is simply called 
Comharba of St. Mogue, without the addition 
of the name of the place. 

c Giolla-Aedha, i. e. servant of St. Aodh, or 
Aidus. The word Giolla occurs so frequently, 
as the first part of the names of men, that I shall 
explain it here, once for all, on the authority of 
Colgan. Giolla, especially among the ancients, 
signified a youth, but now generally a servant ; 
and hence it happened that families who were 
devoted to certain saints, took care to call their 
sons after them, prefixing the word Giolla, in- 
timating that they were to be the servants or 
devotees of those saints. Shortly after the in- 
troduction of Christianity, we meet many names 
of men formed by prefixing the word Giolla to 
the names of the celebrated saints of the first age 
of the Irish Church, as Giolla- Ailbhe, Giolla- 
Phatraig, Giolla-Chiarain, which mean servant 
of St. Ailbhe, servant of St. Patrick, servant of 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1172. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-tu-,: 



O'KANE", successor of Maidoc 6 , died. 
Giolla Aedha c O'Muidhin (of the family of Errew of Lough Con"), Bishop of 
Cork, died. He was a man full of the grace' of God, the tower of the virginity 
and wisdom of his time. 



St Kieran. And it will be found that there were 
vi-ry few saints of celebrity, from whose names 
those of men were not formed by the prefixing 
of Giolla, as Giolla- Ailbhe, Giolla- Aodha, Giolla- 
Aodhain, Giolla - Breanainn, Giolla - Bhrighde, 
Giolla-Chaomain, Giolla-Chainnigh, Giolla-Da- 
chaisse, Giolla- Chaoimhgin, Giolla -Chiarainn, 
Giolla-Dacholmain, Giolla-Choluim, Giolla-Cho- 
main, Giolla -Chomghaill, Giolla -Domhangairt, 
Giolla-Finnein, Giolla-Fionnain, Giolla-Mochua, 
Giolla-Molaisse, Giolla-Moninne, Giolla-Phatruig, 
&c. &c. 

This word was not only prefixed to the names 
of saints, but also to the name of God, Christ, 
the Trinity, the Virgin Mary; and some were 
named from saints in general, as well as from 
the angels in general, as Giolla-na-naomh, i. e. 
the servant of the saints ; Giolla-na-naingeal, 
i.e. the servant of the angels; Giolla-De, the 
servant of God ; and Giolla-an-Choimhdhc, L e. 
the servant of the Lord ; Giolla-na-Trionoide, 
the servant of the Trinity ; Giolla-Chriost, the 
M-rvant of Christ ; Giolla-Iosa, the servant of 



Jesus; Giolla-Muire, the, servant of Mary. These 
names were latinized by some writers in modern 
times, Marianus, Christianus, Patricianus, Bri- 
gidianus, &c. &c. But when an adjective, signi- 
fying a colour, or quality of the mind or body, is 
postfixed to Giolla, then it has its ancient signi- 
fication, namely, a youth, a boy, or a man in big 
bloom, as Giolla-dubh, i. e. the black, or black- 
haired youth ; Giolla-ruadh, i. e. the red-haired 
youth ; Giolla -riabhach, the swarthy youth ; 
Giolla-bnidhe, the yellow youth; Giolla-odhar, 
Giolla-Maol, &c. &c. 

The family name O'Muidhin is unknown to 
the Editor. 

d Of Errew of Lough Con, dipib toco Con, 
now Errew on Lough Con, in the parish of 
Crossmolina, in the barony of Tirawley, and 
county of Mayo. There was an ancient church 
here, dedicated to St. Tighernan. See the year 
1413. See also Genealogy, &c., of the Hy-Fiach- 
rach, p. 239, note '. 

Grtux of Ood, pach o< The word parh, 

which is now used to denote prosperity or luck, 



B'2 



Rioghachca 



[1172. 



Cicchfpnac ua maoileoin corhopba aapdin cluana mic noip Do ecc. 

Uicchfpnan ua Ruaipc cicchfpna bpfipne ajup Cornnaicne agup pfp 
curhachca moip ppi pe poca Do rhapb'aD (.1. i clachcja) la hujo DC laci i 
piull agup la Domnall mac Qnnaba ui Ruaipc Dia cenel pepm boi imaille 
ppiu. T?o Dicfnnab e leo. Ruccpac a cfnn agup a copp 50 oocpaib co 
hach cliar. 17o eoccbab an cfnn uap Oopup an Duine ma pcac beapcc- 
rpuaj DO jaoibealaib. T?o cpochab beop an copp ppia hac cliac acuair 
a coppa pnap. 



is employed throughout the Leabhar Breac to 

translate the Latin word gratia, from which the 

modern word SP^P 01 nfts been obviously derived. 

f Tiernagh CPMalone: in the original, Gicchfp- 

n ich ua Hlaoileoin The name Cicchfpnach 

or Cij^eapnach, which is derived fromCijeapna, 
a lord, and is synonymous with the proper name 
Dominic, is pronounced Tiernagh, and shall be so 
written throughout this translation. The name 
maoileoin, is written in ancient Irish characters 
on a tombstone at Clonmacnoise, 

maetiohaiN eps". 

i. ' '. Mael-Johannis, Bishop. 

The word maol, mael, or moel, like jioila, 
has two significations, namely, a chief, and a 
tonsured monk. It was anciently prefixed, like 
Giolla, to the names of saints, to form proper 
names of men, as Hlaol Colaim, ITIaol Seac- 
naill, which mean the servant or devotee ofHhe 
saints Columb and Secundinus ; but when an 
adjective is post-fixed to MAOL, it has its ancient 
yignincation, as Maoldubh, i. e. the black chief. 

* Kieran, Ciapun. This celebrated Irish 
saint died in the year 549. Cluain mac not*, 
or. as it is now anglicised, Clonmacnoise, was a 
famous monastery near the Shannon, in the ba- 
rony of Garry Castle, and King's County. The 
name is sometimes written Cluain muc Now, as 
if it meant the insulated meadow, or pasturage 
of Nos. The place was more anciently called 



Druim Tiprad See Annals of Inisfallen, at the 
year 547, and Ussher's Primordia, p. 956, and 
Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. 
ii. pp. 52-59. 

h Tiernan O'JRourke, $c., Cicchfpnan ua 
Ruaipc. The name Cijfpnan, or Cijjeapnan, 
is a diminutive of Cijeapnach, and may be in- 
terpreted "Little Dominic." It has been an- 
glicised Tiernan throughout this translation, as 
this is the form it has assumed in the surname 
Mac Tiernan, which is still common in the 
county of Roscommon. Dervorgilla, in Irish 
OeapBpopjaill, the wife of this Tiernan, who is 
generally supposed to have been the immediate 
cause of the invasion of Ireland by the English, 
died in the monastery of Drogheda, in the 
year 1193, in the eighty-fifth year of her age. 
She was, therefore, born in the year 1 1 08, and 
was in her sixty-fourth year at the death of 
Tiernan, and in her forty-fourth year when 
she eloped with Dermot, King of Leinster, in 
1 152, who was then in the sixty-second year of 
his age. Dermot was expelled in the seventieth 

year of his age See Dr. O'Conor's Prolegomena 

ad A in inles, p. 146 ; and also O'Reilly's Essay on 
the Brehon Laws, where he vainly attempts to 
clear the character of Dervorgilla from the charge 
of having wilfully eloped from her husband. The 
family of O'Ruaipc, now usually called in Eng- 
li-ili O'Kmirkr, vx-re anciently Kings of Con- 
naught, but they were put down by the more 



1172.] 



N \!.S OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Tiernagh O'Maloiie', successor of Kieran 1 of Clonmacnoise, died. 

Tiernan O'Rourko*, Lord of Breifny and Conmaicne, a man of great 
power for a long time, was treacherously slain at Tlachtgha 1 by Hugo de 
Lacy and Donnell*, the son of Annadh O'Rourke, one of his own tribe, who was 
along with them, lie was beheaded by them, and they conveyed his head and 
body ignominiously to Dublin. The head was placed over the gate 1 of the for- 
tress, as a spectacle of intense pity to the Irish, and the body was gibbeted, with 
the feet upwards, at the northern side of Dublin" 1 . 



powerful family of the O'Conors, and then be- 
came chiefs of Breifny. It is stated in the Book 
of Fenagh, that this Tic-man acquired dominion 
over the entire region extending from sea to sea, 
that is, from the sea, at the borders of Ulster and 
Connaught, to Drogheda, The territories of 
Mivifuy and Conmaicne, which comprised Tier- 
nan's principality, would embrace, according to 
this passage, the counties of Leitrim, Longford, 
and Cavan, but no part of the county of Meath 
or Louth. 

1 Tlachtgha Dr. Lanigan, in his Ecclesiasti- 
cal History of Ireland (vol. iv. p. 223), says, 
that Tiernan O'Ruairc was slain on a hill not 
tar from Dublin, by Griffin, a nephew of Mau- 
rice Fitz Gerald. Tlachtgha, however, is not near 
Dublin, but was the name of a hill much cele- 
brated in ancient Irish history for the druidic 
fires lighted there annually on the 1st of No- 
v. -tuber, in times of paganism, and described as 
-ituated in that portion of Meath which originally 
belonged to Munster. It is the place now called 
the Hill of Ward, which lies in the immediate 
vicinity of Athboy in the county of Meath, as 
is evident from the fact, that in these annals 
and other authorities Athboy is often called Qc 
Ouioe Oaccjjo, or Athboy of Tlachtgha, to dis- 
tinguish it from other places of the name Athboy 
in Ireland. This Hill of Ward is crowned with a 
iii!iL.Miiticunt ancient rath, consisting of three cir- 
umvallations, which, connected with the histo- 
rical references to the locality, and the present 



local traditions, establishes its identity with the 
ancient Tlachtgha. The identity of Tlachtgha 
with the Hill of Ward was first proved by the 
Editor in a letter now preserved at the Ord- 
nance Survey Office, Phoenix Park. The situa- 
tion of Tlachtgha has been already given by 
Mr. Hardiman in a note to the Statute of Kil- 
kenny, p. 84, on the authority of a communica- 
tion from the Editor. 

k Donnell, in the original t)omnuU, is still 
common among the Irish, as the proper name of 
a man, but always anglicised Daniel. The Editor, 
however, has used the form Donnell throughout 
this translation, because it is closer to the original 
Irish form, and is found in the older law docu- 
ments, inquisitions, &c., and in the anglicised 
forms of names of places throughout Ireland, as 
well as in the family names, O'Donnell and Mac 
Donnell. 

1 Ooer the gate, uop oopor- an oume This 
was the Danish fortress of Dublin, which occu- 
pied the greater part of the hill on which the 
present castle of Dublin stands. 

m The northern tide of Dublin The northern 
side of Dublin, at this time, was near the present 
Lower Castle-yard. At the arrival of Henry II. 
the whole extent of Dublin was, in length, from 
Corn Market to the Lower Castle-yard ; and, in 
breadth, from the Lifley, then covering Essex- 
street, to Little Sheep-street, now Ship-street, 
where a part of the town wall is yet standing. 



eiRectNR 



[1173. 



Dorhnall o peapjail coipeac Conmaicne DO rhapbab la muinncip pij 
Sa^an. 

TTiaol maipe mac mupcaba coipeac muinncipe bipn Do rhapbab la haeb 
mac Clenjupa agup la cloinn aCtxi Do uib eacDac ulab. 

Oiapmaio ua caeblaiji DO ecc. 

ITIaibm pop cenel neojam pia pplaiebfpcac ua maoloopaib apjp pia 
ccenel cconaill. Oo beprpaD ap a&bal poppa cpia naerh miopbal De ajup 
naerh pacpaicc agup naerh colaim cille ipa cealla po oipccpfo inopin. 

Can cuaipc coiccib Connacc an cfrparhab peace Do cabaipc la jiollu 
macliacc comopba parpaicc agup Ppiomaib Gpenn, co hapDmacha. 

TTlac )illeppcoip caoipeac cloirine aeilabpa peccaipe chaca TTIonaij 
Do mapbab la Donnplebe ua neochaba pf ulab i piull. Na plana bacap 
fcoppa .1. maice ulab Do rhapbab OuinDplebe inD. 



" Chief of Conmaicne. That is, of South Con- 
maicne, or Anghaile, which in latter ages com- 
prised the entire of the county of Longford. 

Mulmurry Mac Murrough, Lord of Muintir 
Birn. The name maolmaipe or ITIuolinuipe, 
signifies the servant of the Virgin Mary. The 
name is correctly latinized Marianus, by Colgan ; 
but the Editor thinks Mulmurry a more appro- 
priate anglicised form, as it is found in ancient 
law documents, inquisitions, &c. Mac Murrough 
has also been adopted throughout, as an angli- 
cised form of ITIac mupchaoa. Muintir Birn, 
mumncip bipn, was the ancient name of a terri- 
tory in Tyrone, bordering upon the barony of 
Trough, in the county of Monaghan. 

P The Clann Aodha of Ui Eathach Uladh. 
Clann Aodha, i. e. the clan or race of Hugh, was 
the tribe name of the Magennises ; and it also 
became the name of their territory ; but they 
aferwards extended their power over all Ui 
Ethach Cobha, now the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Iveagh, in the county of Down, and, as 
O'Dugan informs us, over all Ulidia. Ro jabruc 
Ulaouile, "They took all Ulidia." Tojmyraphi- 
calPoem. This territory was called Ui Eathach 
Uladh, or Ui Eathach Cobha, i. e. descendants 



of Eochaidh Cobha, to distinguish it from Ui 
Eathach Mumhan, Ui Eathach Muaidhe, and 
other tribes and districts called Ui Eathach, in 
different parts of Ireland. 

" Dermot WKaetty The Irish name Diap- 
maio is anglicised Dermot in the older law do- 
cuments, inquisitions, &c., relating to Ireland, 
and in the family name Mac Dermot. It is 
now almost invariably rendered Jeremiah, but 
the Editor prefers the form Dermot, as it comes 
nearer the original Irish. This family, who now 
anglicise their name Kelly, were located in the 
south of ancient Ossory, and were chiefs of the 
territory of Ui Berchon, now Ibercon, lying 
along the River Barrow, in the county of Kil- 
kenny. O'Heerin thus speaks of O'Caelluidhe, 
or O'Kaelly, in his topographical poem : 

Ui 6eopclion an Bpuic buioe; 
Ri na cpiche O' Caollaije, 
Clap na peabna ap qiotn oo ril, 
CIn ponn op 6eapBa bpaom-jil. 

" Ui Bearchon of the yellow surface ; 
King of the district is O'Kaelly, 
Plain of the tribe, who heavily return, 
The land over the bright- watered Barrow." 



1173 ! 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Donnell O'Farrell, chief of Conmaicne", was slain by the people of the King 
of England. 

Mulmuny Mac Murrough , Lord of Muintir Birn, was slain by Hugh M;i 
^i-iinis and the Claim- Aodha of Ui Eathach Uladh". 

Dermot O'Kaelly" died. 

The Kind Owen' were defeated by Flaherty O'Muldorry' and the Kind 
Conneir. They [the Kinel Connell] made prodigious havoc of them, through 
the holy miracles of God, of St. Patrick, and St. Columbkille, whose churches 
they [the Kinel Owen] had plundered. 

The complete visitation" of the province of Connaught was performed the 
fourth time by Giolla MacLiag [Gelasius], successor of St Patrick and Primate 
of Ireland, to Armagh. 

M;io Giolla Epscoip", chief of Clann-Aeilabhra, legislator of Cath Monaigh", 
was treacherously skin by Donslevy O'Haughy, king of Ulidia". The chiefs of 
Ulidia, who were as guarantees between them, put Donslevy to death for it 
[i. e. for his crime]. 



' Kinel Owen, Cenel n-eojum, i. e. the race 
of Eoghan, the son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. 
This Eoghan died in the year 465, and was 
buried at Uisce CAaoin, now Eskaheen, an old 
church in the barony of Inishowen, in the north- 
east of the county of Donegal. This tribe pos- 
sessed the present counties of Tyrone and London- 
derry, and originally the baronies of Inishowen 
and Raphoe, but these were, in later ages, ceded 
to the Kinel Connell. 

1 O'MiiUorry, OTTlaoloopaio. This name no 
longer exists in Tirconnell, but there are a few 
of the name in Dublin and in Westmeath, who 
anglicise it Muldarry. 

1 Kind t'liinifll, Cenel cconaill, i. e. the race 
of Conall or Connell, who died in the year 464, 
and who was the brother of Eoghan, or Owen, 
ancestor of the- Kind Owen. This tribe pos- 
sessed, in later ages, the entire of the county of 
Tirconnell, now Donegal. 

u A eititatioH, Cuaipc. A journey performod 
puriiciiliir districts by the bishop or abbot, 



to collect dues, or obtain donations for the erec- 
tion or repairing of churches or monasteries. 

* Mac Giolla Eptcoip This name would be 

anglicised Mac Gillespick, and is the same which 
in Scotland is now Mac Gillespie. 

w Cath Monaigh. The territory of Cath Mo- 
naigh is somewhere in the present county of 
Down, but its extent or exact situation has not 
been discovered. 

* Ulidia, Ulao Uladh was the original 
name of the entire province of Ulster, until 
the fifth century, when it was dismembered by 
tin: Ily-Niall, and the name confined solely to 
the present counties of Down and Antrim, which, 
after the establishment of surnames, became tin- 
principality of O'h-Eochadha (now anglicised 
O'Haughy), and his correlatives. The founders 
of the principality of Oirghialla, or Oriel, in 
the fourth century, deprived the ancient Ulto- 
nians of that part of their kingdom which ex- 
tended from Lough Neagh to the Boyne ; and 
the sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages, in the 



8 QNNaca rcioshachra eirceaNN. [1173. 



Cpeac pill la mac dnDuib ui Ruaipc, ajup la Sapranachaib ap muinncip 
na hdnnjaile, agup ap muinnnp mesiollgan co pugpac bu, ajup bpoiD 
lomba. Sloij;eab leo Dopibipi co hdpDachab Gppcoip TTUl jup po aipgpfc 
an cfp ap mebon, agup Do pocaip leo Domnall ua peapjail, raoipeac mumn- 
cipe hanjaile Don cup pin. 

Seanab cleipeac nGpenn la coigeab connacc laechaib cleipchib occ 
cuaim Da jualann im Ruaibpi ua concobaip ajup im Chabla ua nDubcaij 
QipDeppcop Uuama agup cpi ceampaill DO coipeapbaD leo. 

QO1S CflRlOSO 1173. 
Qoip cpiopD mile, cfcc, peachcmojac, a cpf. 

THuipfbac ua cobcaij eppcop Doipe, ajup 17aca boc, mac oije, leacc 
lo^rhop, gfm jlomibe, 17eDla polupca, cipDe caipccfba na hfgna, cpaop 
cnuapaij na canome, lap cciobnacal bib agup eDai^ Do boccaib agup Do 
aibilgneacaib, lap noiponeab Saccapc ajup Deochon agup aepa gaca 
jpamh, lap nacnuabujab eacclup momba, lap ccoippeaccab rempall ajup 
pelgeab, lap nDfnarh lolap mamipDpeac agup pecclep, agup jaca lubpa 
ecclupcacDa lap mbuaib ccpabaib, oilicpi agup airpicche. l?o paoib a 
ppiopaD Do cum nimi i nDuibpecclfj" colaim cille i nDoipe an 10. la Do pebpa. 

fifth century, seized upon the northern and wes- their country, which comprised the entire of the 

tern parts of Ulster ; so that the ancient inha- present county of Longford. According to the 

bitants, viz. the Clanna-Eury and Dal-Fiatachs, genealogical Irish MSS., the O'Farrells derived 

were shut up -within the bounds of the present this tribe name from Anghaile, the great grand- 

counties of Down and Antrim ; but their coun- father of Fearghal, from whom they derived their 

try, though circumscribed, still retained its an- surname in the tenth century. 
cient appellation. The writers of Irish history * Muintir Magittigan, which is usually called 

have therefore used the form Ulidia, to denote Muintir Giollgain throughout these Annals, was 

the circumscribed territory of the Clanna Rury, the tribe name of the O'Quins ofAnnaly, who 

and Ultonia, to denote all Ulster __ See O'Fla- were seated in the barony of Ardagh, in the pre- 

herty's Ogygia, Part III. c. 78, p. 372; also sent county of Longford, as will be more distinctly 

Ussher's Primordia, pp. 816, 1048 ; O' Conor's shewn in a note under the year 1234. 
Dissertations on the History of Ireland, 2nd edit * Bishop Mel. Bishop Mel, who was one of 

p. 176 ; and Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of the disciples of St. Patrick, is still the patron 

Ireland, vol. ii. p. 28. saint of the diocese of Ardagh, and the ruins of 

" Annaly, or Anghaile, was the tribe name of his original church are still to be seen in the vil- 

the O'Farrells, and it also became the name of lage of Ardagh, in the county of Longford. 



1173.] ANNA I. S OF Till. KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Tin Mm i.|' Annadh O'Rourkc and the English treacherously plundered the 
inhabitants of Annaly' and Miuntir Magilligan*, carrying off many cows and 
prisoners. They ultrnsards made another incursion into Ardagh of Bishop 
Mel*, and ravaged the country generally, and slew Donnell O'Farrell, cliief of 
Annaly, on that occasion. 

A synod of the clergy and laity of Ireland was convened at Tuam, in the 
province of Connaught, by Roderic O'Conor and Kyley [Catholicus] O'Duffy, 
Archbishop of Tuam, and three churches were consecrated by them. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1173. 
T/ie Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-three. 

MurrayO'Coffey", Bishop of Deny and Raphoe, a son of chastity, a precious 
stone, a transparent gem, a brilliant star, a treasury of wisdom, and a fruitful 
branch of the canon, after having bestowed food and raiment upon the poor 
and the destitute, after having ordained priests and deacons, and men of every 
ecclesiastical rank, re-built many churches, consecrated many churches and 
burial-places, founded many monasteries and Regles's [i. e. abbey churches], and 
fulfilled every ecclesiastical duty ; and after having gained the palm for piety, 
pilgrimage, and repentance, resigned his spirit to heaven in the Duibhregles e 
of Columbkille, in Deny, on the 10th day of February. A great miracle 11 

Murray O'Coffey, TTluipfoach ua CoBcaij. erected in 1164, by Flaherty O'Brollaghm. 

The name IDu ipeaooch, which is explained Concerning the situation of this old church, see 

ci^eapixi, a lord, by Michael O'Clery, though it Trio* Thaum., p. 398. 

would appear to be derived from muip, the sea, d A great miracle, 3ft This passage is thus 

is now obsolete as the proper name of a man, but rather loosely, but elegantly, translated by Col- 

it is preserved in the surname Murray, and has gan, in his Annals of Derry: "8. Muredachus 

anglicised Murray throughout this trans- O Dubhthaich" [reete O'Cobhthaigh], "Episco- 

lation. The family name O'CoBraij; is anglicised pus Dorensis et Robothensis, vir virginitatis, seu 

<'..ir.-y in the northern half of Ireland, but some- cast i tut is intactw, lapis pretiosns, gemma vitrea, 

t iiiii-s barbarously, Coichig, in the south. The Edi- sydus pnefulgidum, area et ctutos Ecclesic sedu- 

tor has adopted O'Coffey throughout this work. lus, et conservator canonum Eccleain; postquain 

c Duibhrfglei -- The Dubh-Regles was the multos pauperes, et egenos enutrierit; Pitt*. 

name of the ancient abbey church founded by by tcros, Diaconos, aliosque diuenorum ordinum, 

>t. I'nluinbkille at Derry; it was probably Deo consecrauerit ; postquam diuerm monasteria 

called Duhh, or black, in contradistinction from et Ecclesias extruxerit, et consecrauerit ; post 

the new Tenipleinore, or cathedral church, palmam poinitentite, peregrinationis, abctinentia- 



10 



[117:5. 



Oo pona6 miopbail mop ip in omche acbac .1. an oibce Dopca Do poillpiu- 
506 o cha mpmeipje co muichofooil agup an oap leo an ha poppel Do na 
compocpaibe Do'n Doriian baoi pibe pop comlapao agup lonnarhail caoipc 
moipe ceneb Do eipp op an mbaile ajup a cocc poip&fp. Ro eipijpfo cac 
uile, uciip ant>ap leo po ba la boi ann agup po boi arhlaib pin le muip 
anoip. 

Conamj ua haenjupa cfnn cananac popa cpe Do ecc. 

Gccpu ua miaDachdn, 6ppcop cluana Do ecc ma SeanDacaiD icqi 
nDeccbeachaiD. 

Cionaeb ua Ronain Gppcop jlinne Da locha DO ecc. 

TTlaoiliopu mac an baipD Gppcop cluana peapca bpfnamn DO ecc. 

TTlaolmochca ua maoilpeacnaill abb cluana mic noip DO ecc. 

Cpeac mop la haeD mac aenjupa ajup la cloinn aeba. Ro aipccpfo 



& reliqua religiosissimae vita; exercitia ; ad Domi- 
num migrauit in EcclesiaDorensi.-DMMr^rfe* nun- 
cupata, die 10 Febr. Miraculum solemne patra- 
tum est ea nocte qu4 decessit : nam a media nocte 
vsque mane tota non soluin ciuitas, sed et vici- 
nia ingenti splendore, ad instar iubaris diurni, 
circumfusa resplenduit : et columna insuper 
ignea visa, est ex ciuitate ascendere, et versus 
orientalcm Austrum tendere. Quo prodigio 
excitati ciues tanti spectaculi testes vsque ad 
ortum solis, et venerabundi posted prsecones ex- 
titera Quai. Mag." Trias Thaum., p. 504. 

The phrase cpaoB cnuapaij na canoine, 
which is translated " consenrator canonum ec- 
clesiaj" by Colgan, is more correctly rendered 
" the fruitful tree of the Canon" in the old 
translation of the Annals of Ulster. 

The account of this miracle is given in the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster as follows: 
A. D. 1173. Do ponu6 oono tnipbuil mop ip 
m aibce aobar .1. in a6ai oo polupcujab oca 
lapmeipji co ^uipm in coibj 7 in ooman uile 
pop Uipao 7 coep mop cemeb oeip^i op in 
baile 7 a cocc poipoep 7 eipji oo cac uile in 
oap leo pob i in laa, 7 po boi amlaio pem pe 
muip unoip. It is thus rendered in the old 



English translation: " A, D. 1173. There was 
a great miracle shewed in the night he died, 
viz. the night to brighten from the middest to 
Cockcrow, and all the world burning, and a 
great flame of fire rising out of the town, and 
went East and by South ; and every body got 
upp thinking it was day, and was so untill the 
ayre was cleare." 

Here it is to be remarked that neither this 
translator nor Colgan has rendered the phrase 
pe muip anoip, which literally means east of the 
sea. In the Annals of Kilronan, the reading is 
7 po boi athlaio pin co himeal in aieoip, 
" and it was thus to the borders of the sky." 
The meaning of pe muip anoip is, that the 
inhabitants of the east coast of Ulster saw the 
sky illumined over the visible portions of Scot- 
land on the east side of the sea. For the mean- 
ing of the preposition le, pe, or ppi, in such 
phrases as pe tnuip anoip, see the Editor's Irish 
Grammar, p. 314, line 1, and p. 439, note ', and 
Cormac's Glossary, voce ITIoj 6ime, where ppi 
muip anaip is used to express "on the east side 
of the sea." 

' Conaing O'Hennesgy, Conainj ua haenjupci. 
The name Conaing, which is explained pij, 



ANN Al.S OF TIIK KIXCDoM OF IRELAND. 



11 



was performed on the night of his death namely, the dark night was illumined 
from midnight to day-break ; and the people thought that the neighbouring 
parts t>!' tin- world which were visible, were in one blaze of light; and the like 
in >$ of a large globe of fire arose over the town, and moved in a south-easterly 
direction; and all persons arose from their beds, imagining that it was day- 
liLfht ; and it was also thus on the east side of the sea. 

Conaing O'Hennessy*, head of the canons of Roscrea, died. 

Ettru O'Meehan f , Bishop of Cluain [Clonard], died at an advanced age, 
after having spent a good life. 

Kenny O'Ronan 1 , Bishop of Glendalough, died. 

Maelisa Mac Ward", Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan', died. 

Maelmochta O'Melaghlin*, Abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. 

A great plunder was made by Hugh Magennis and the Clann-Aedha. They 
plundered the large third 1 of Armagh ; but this man was killed in three month- 
after this plundering of Armagh. 



a tiny, in Cormac's Glossary, is now obsolete as 
the proper name of a man, but is preserved in 
the family name O'Conaing, under the anglicised 
form of Gunning. The family name Uu h-Qen- 
Kupa, is now invariably anglicised Hennesy. 
'This family was anciently seated in the terri- 
tory of Chum Colgan, in the barony of Lower 
Philipstown, in the King's County, and adjoin- 
ing the conspicuous hill of Croghan. 

f O'Mtehan, Ua mia6achan This name is 

still common in most parts of Ireland. 

Kenny O'Ronan, Cionaeo Ua Ronum 
Tlir name Cionaeo is anglicised Kincth by the 
Scotch ; but Kenny by the Irish, in the family 
name Kenny. It is obsolete among the latter 
as the proper name of a man. O'Ronan is still 
common as a family name in many parts of Ire- 
luml. luit tin- O' is never prefixed in the angli- 
1 form, which is Ronayne, in the south of 
Iri'luml. 

11 M,n-!isii .I/-'- II 'fin/, IDuoiltru mac an 
timpo. This family, who were hereditary poets 
t" ( I'K.'lly, were seated at Muine Chasain and 



Ballymacward, in the cantred of Sodhan, in 
Hy-Many See G'Flaherty't Oyygia, p. 327. 

1 Clonfert, a bishop's see in the south-east 
of the county of Gal way. 

k .Maelmochta CTMelagUin, maelmoclica oa 
maoilpeacnaill. The name TTIaoltnochca sig- 
nifies the servant or devoted of St Mochto, or 
MocU'us, first abbot and patron saint of Louth. 
This family is generally called O'Maoilseachlainn, 
or O'Maoileachlainn, which was first correctly 
anglicised O'Melaghlin, but now incorrectly 
Mac LfOUghlin. They are named after their great 
progenitor, Maelseachlainn or Malachy the Se- 
cond, Monarch of Ireland, who was dethroned 
by Brian Borumha, and who died in 1022. 
The name Mael-Seachnaill signifies servant of 
St. Seachnall, or Secundinus, the patron of 
Dunshaughlin in Meath, and the tutelary saint 
of this family. 

1 Laryt third, cpion mop. Colgan, in the 
Annals of Armagh (Trias. Thaum. p. 300^ thu ? 
speaks of the ancient divisions of that city : 

" 1112. Arx Ardmachana cum templit, dutr 



c2 



Rioshachca emeaHR [1174. 

cpian mop apoa maca. T?o mapbab Dan an peap (fin i ccionn rpf mfp lapp 
an opccam pin apba macha. 

Oomnall bpfjach ua maoileclainn Ri TTlibe DO mapbab la mac a arcip 
pem la hope ua maoileclainn agup la mumap Laejacdm i noupmai^h 
colaim cille. 

^lollu macliacc mac Ruaibpi comapba pacpaicc Ppiomaib Qpoa maca 
ajup Gpenn uile mac oijeldn.Do jlome cpoibe ppi Dia ajup ppi Daoimb 
DO ecc 50 pechcnach lap pfnoacaib coccaibe, 27, mapca Dia ceoaom 
tap ccaipcc ip in peccmab blia&am ochcmojjac a aoipi. ajup baoi pibe pe 
bliabna Decc i nabbame coluim cille i nOoipe pia ccomapbup pacpaicc. 

aO]3 CR1OSD 1174. 
Qoip cpiopD mile, ceo, peaccmojacc, aceacaip. 

TTlaoilfopa ua connaccdm eppcop pil TTluipeabaij DO ecc. 

ITlaolpaccpaicc ua bandm, Gppcop Conbepe -\ bal apaibe pfp aipmib- 
neac Ian Do nairhe, Do cfnnpa "] Do glome cpoibe bo ecc co peaccnac mb 
hi colaim cille lap Seanoacaib cojhaibe. 

5'ollu mochaibbeo abb mainipbpeac pfccaip ~\ p6il i napbmaca, 
TTlob cpeabop caipippi Don coimbeab DO ecc an 31. DO TTlnapra Secc- 
mojac bliabam a aeip. 

plann (.1. plopenc) ua ^opnia" 1 aipbpfp lecchinn apba maca, -] 6penn 
uile, Saoi, eapgna eolac ip in eaccna biaba ~\ borhanba, lap mbeic bliabain 

plateae in Trian Mastain, et tertiani Trian-mor tioris vitas, discipline et bonarum litteraruiu 

incendio deuattantur." gratia in magno numero olim Hiberniam fre- 

" Ex hoc loco & aliis dictis supra ad annum quentare solebant." See also Stuart's History of 

1092, colligimus ciuitatem Ardmachanam in Armagh. 

quatuor olim partes fuisse diuisam. Prima m Sil-Murray, Siol IDuipeaDui^, i. >-. the 

RatA-Ardmacha, i. Arx Ardmachana, dicebatur : progeny, race, or descendants of Muireadhuch 

Secunda Trian-mor, id est tertia portio maior : Muilleathan, king ofConnaught. who died in 

Tertia Trian Massan, id cst tertia portio Massan. the year 701. The principal families amonv 

Quarta, Trian taxon, id est, tertia portio Saxo- them were O.'Conor Don, O'Conor Roe, O'Fi- 

num, appelkta: quod nomen videtur, adepta naghty of Clanconway, O'Flanagan of Clancahill, 

ex eo, quod vel mercatores vel (quod verosimilius and Mageraghty. The Liber Reyali. Vlxiiiitimiif 

est) studiosi Anglosaxones illi inhabitauerint. of 1615, places the following fourteen parishes 

Nam Monachi et studiosi Anglisaxones abstrac- in the deanery of Silmury, which was coextim- 



1 17-1.] ANNALS OF TI1K KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 13 

Donnell Breaghach [the Bregian] O'Mclaghlin, King of Meath, was slain by 
the son of his own father [step- brother], Art O'Melaghlin, and by Muintir 
Lacghachain, at Diirrow of Columbkille. 

(iilla Mac Liag [Gelasius], the son of Rory, the successor of St. Patrick, 
and Primate of Armagh, and of all Ireland, a son of chastity, filled with purity 
of heart towards God and man, died in righteousness, at a venerable old age, 
on the 27th of March, being the .Wednesday after Easter, and in the eighty- 
seventh year of his age. He had been sixteen years in the abbacy of St Co- 
lumbkille, at Derry, before he became successor of St. Patrick. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1174. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-four. 

Maelisa. O'Connaghtan, Bishop of Sil-Murray [Elphin], died. 

Maelpatrick O'Banan", Bishop of Connor and Dalaradia", a venerable man, 
full of sanctity, meekness, and purity of heart, died in righteousness, in Hy- 
Columbkille, at a venerable old age. 

Gilla Mochaibeo, Abbot of the monastery of SS. Peter and Paul at Armagh, 
a diligent and faithful servant of the Lord, died on the 31st day of March, in 
the seventieth year of his age. 

Flann [i. e. Florentius] O'Gonnan, chief Lecturer of Armagh, and of all 
Ireland, a learned sage, and versed in sacred and profane philosophy, after 

sive with the territory : Elphin, Kilmacumshy, the north between it and the River Boyle were 

Shankill, Ballinakill, Kilcorkey, Baslick, Kil- in Moylurg See Moylttry. 
kivgan (Kilkeevin), Ballintober, Kilcooley, Kil- O'Banan, O &anam, There were several 

lukin (now Killuckin), Ogulla, Roscommon, distinct families of this name in Ireland. It is 

Fuerty, Drumtemple. now anglicised Bannan and Banon, but incor- 

This, however, is not a complete list of all the rectly Banim by the late celebrated novel writer 

parishes in Silmurry, for the parishes belonging in Kilkenny. 

to monasteries, and those of which the tithes Bithop of Connor and Dalaradia, i.e. Bishop 

belonged to laymen, are omitted. The list, how- of Connor and Down. Dalaradia, according to 

. \.r, as far as it goes, is very useful to the the Book of Lecan, extended from Newry to 

topographer, as it proves where Moylurg and Slieve Mis (now Slemmish, in the present 

Silmurry meet. The parishes of Shankill, Kill- county of Antrim), and from the sea to Linn 

y, and Kilcorkey, were in Sil-Murry, Duachaill, now Magheralin, in the west of tlit 

Kik-olagh, and all the parishes lying to present county of Down. 



Jl 



uio^hachca emeaNN. 



[1174. 



ap pichic i pppancaib q i Saxaib ace pocchlaim, i piche bhaban ele 05 
ppiochnarh ~\ 05 pollarhnacchab Scol Gpenn, acbac co pomrheac ip in cfc- 
caoin pia ccaipg mpp an Seaccmojao bliaban a aoipi. 

TTluipjfp ua Dubcaijj abb mainipcpec dca Da laapcc pop buill Do ecc. 

Ruaibpi ua ceapbaill cijeapna Gle DO mapbab ap lap innpi clocpann. 

Con^alac ua Coinpiacla cijeapna cfcba Do ecc. 

TTlaolpuanaib ua ciapba cijeapna caipppi Do rhapbab i mebail la gal- 
laib dca cliac, .1. la mac cupnin, -| la mac Qoba uf peapjail, -| la ceallac 
ua pionoalldin cijeapna Delbna moipe. 

paipce mpcaip mibe Do cup le cacaip cluana mic noip DO peip cleipeac 
Gpenn. 

SluaicceaD lap in mpla Dinopab TTlurhan. Sluaicceao ele la Puaibpi 
Dia himDrjail poppo. Oc cualaccap na joill Ruaibpi Do cocc ip in 
muriiam in aipfp caca ppiu, po cocuippioc goill dca cliac Dia paijib -\ m 



p Died happily, acbar co roinriieac. Colgan 
renders this phrase "pie in Domino obdonnivit," 
in his Annals of Armagh. In the Annals of 
Ulster the phrase is acbac co picamail, i. e. 
" died peaceably." The whole passage is thus 
rendered in the old translation : " A. D. 1174. 
Flan O'Gorman, Archlector of Ardmagh and 
Ireland all, a skillfull notorious man in divine 
knowledge, and also Mundane, after being 2 1 
yeares in France and England learning, and 20 
yeares keeping scoole in Ireland, he died peacea- 
bly the 13 Kal. of April, on Wednesday before 
Easter, in the 70th yeare of his age." 

11 Maurice O'Duffy, ITloipjeapuaDuBcai^. 

The name muip^eap, which seems different 
from TTluipip, is anglicised Maurice throughout 
this translation. 

* At/i da laarg (i. e. ac oa jjabul, vadum dua- 
rumfurcarum, vide Trias Thaum., p. 173, n. 23), 
now the abbey of Boyle. There was an ancient 
Iri.-h monastery or church here before the erec- 
tion of the great Cistercian one by Maurice 
O'Duffy ; as we learn from the Irish Calendar of 
the O'Clerys, that the holy bishop Mac Cainne 



was venerated here on the 1st day of December : 
" Decemb r 1. The holy bishop Mac Cainne of 
Ath-da-larg." 

We learn from the Annals of Boyle and Ware, 
that in the middle of the 12th century, the 
abbey of Mellifont, in Louth, sent out a swarm 
of monks who had settled in several localities 
before they procured a permanent establish- 
ment on the banks of the Eiver Boyle. In Au- 
gust, 1 148, they settled at Grellechdinach, where 
Peter O'Mordha became their first abbot. lie \\ n> 
afterwards promoted to the see of Clonfert, and 
was succeeded in the abbacy by Hugh O'JI:n - 
cain, who removed the convent to Drumconaind. 
He was succeeded by Maurice O'Duffy, who 
remained there nearly three years, when he 
removed to Bunfinny, now Buninna, near Ton- 
rego, in the county of Sligo, and after having 
resided there for two years and six months, ut 
length fixed his family at Boyle (opposite tin 
ford of dc 06 laapcc), in the year 1 161, where 
this abbey was founded as a daughter of Melli- 
font, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary. See 
Annals of Boyle, at this year. 



1171.. 



\\N.\LS OF TIIK KIN(il) XI) 



15 



having spent twenty-one years of study in France and England, and twenty 
iithc-r years in diivctinir and governing the schools of Ireland, died happily" on 
1 1 ic Wednesday before Easter, in the seventieth year of his age. 

.Maurice O'Dully q , Abbot of the monastery of Ath da laarg*, on the I- 
I !. >yle, died. 

Rory O'Carroll, Lord of Ely', was slain in the middle of the island of Inish- 
cloghran'. 

Congalagh O'Coinfiacla", Lord of Teffia, died. 

Mulrony O'Keary, Lord of Carbury T , was treacherously slain by the Galls 
[Ostmen] of Dublin, i. e. by Mac Turnin, assisted by the son of Hugh 
( > Tarrell, and Kellagh O'Finnallan, Lord of Delvin-More". 

The diocese of Westmeath was annexed to the city of Clonmacnoise, by 
consent of the clergy of Ireland. 

The Earl led an army to plunder Munster ; Kimj Roderic marched with 
another army to defend it against them. When the English had heard of 
Roderic's arrival in Munster, for the purpose of giving them battle, they 



This abbey was sometimes called niainipcip 
Qca oa laapj, i. e. ford of two forks, but gene- 
rally mamirrip na 6uille, i. e. the monastery 
of the (River) Boyle. For the meaning of 
loapcc, see MS. Trin. Coll., Class H. 13. p. 360. 

Klit, Gile O'CarrolPs territory, generally 
called Ely O'Carroll, comprised the baronies of 
Clonlisk and Ballybritt, in the soutli of the pre- 
sent King's County. 

1 IitixltcliHilirmt, imp clocpann. It is an is- 
land in Lough IJ.v. in the River Shannon. See 
note under the year 1 193. 

u O'Coinfiacla. Tliis name is now obsolete in 
Teffia, which is an extensive district in West- 
iin ;itli. See note under the year 1207. 

' Miilnni ;/()' Kfary, Lord of Carbury CPKeary, 
niaolpuanaib ua ciupoa eijeapna Caipbpe 
ua Ciapba Thi* territory, about the situa- 
tion of which Irish writers have committed most 
nxuuxxranttble blunders, is the barony of Car- 
luiry, in flic north-west of the county of Kildare. 
In the translation uf the Annals of Clonmac- 



noise by Connell Macgcoghegan, the translator 
states, under the year 1076, that " Carbrey 
O'Kiergie was then called Bremyngham's 
country." The family name O'Ciardha is n<rw 
anglicised, correctly enough, Keary, but some- 
times incorrectly Carey, and is common in the 
counties of Meath and Westmeath. muolpua- 
naib, which signifies the ruddy cliirf, is anglicised 
Mulrony throughout this translation ; for al- 
though it is now obsolete as a Christian name, 
it is preserved in the surname Mulrony. 

" Delvin-More, now the barony of Delvin, in 
the east of the county of Westmeath. See 
Ogygia, part iii. c. 82. The family of O'Fin- 
nallan were soon after conquered by Hugh de 
Lacy, who granted this territory to Gilbert 
Nugent, the ancestor of the present Marquis of 
Westmeath ; and the O'Finnallans have been 
for many centuries in a state of obscurity and 
poverty. When the Editor examined the ba- 
rony of Delvin in 1837, he did not find many of 
this family in their original locality. 



16 



emeaNN. 



[1174. 



po haipipeab leo 50 panjaecap 50 oiiplap. Uanaic t>orhnall ua bpiain, -] 
t>al ccaip, -] car lapraip connacr, ~\ mopcar pil ITluipeabaij cenmora 
rjipim ofspluaij po paccbab lap an pij l?uaibpi. Po pijeab cac cpoba 
ecep jallaib, -| gaoifcelaib an mi pin, 50 po ppaoineab po oeoib cpe nfpc 
lommbualca pop na jallaib, i po mapbab pecc cceo t>ecc Do jallaib ip 
in car pin, co nac ceapna ace ciopuaippi bfcc beo ap in cac pin t>o 



x Thurlet, in Irish ftuplap , a name signifying 
"strong fort," now a small but well-known 
town in the county of Tipperary. In the Bod- 
leian copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, it is called 
Durlus Ui Fogarta, L e. O'Fogarty's Durlus, 
from its situation in the territory of Elyogarty. 

1 Dint of fighting, neapc lommbualca. From 
this phrase it would appear that both parties 
fought with stubbornness and bravery. This 
entry has been abstracted by the Four Masters 
from the continuation of the Annals of Tigher- 
nach. According to Giraldus Cambrensis, the 
detachment sent from Dublin were slaughtered 
in Ossory by the Irish, who attacked them early 
in the morning, while sleeping in their camp. 
Giraldus also informs us that this party con- 
d of Ostmen, or Dano-Irish soldiers, and 
that the number cut off was four hundred, be- 
sides four knights by whom they were com- 
manded. Giraldus devotes the third chapter of 
the second book of his Hibernia Expugnata to 
the description of this event ; and as he is so 
directly opposed to the Irish annalists, and has 
been followed by Cox, Leland, and others, it is 
but fair to lay his words before the reader : 

" Interfectio Dvblinensium apud Ossyriam. 
His ita complctis, familiaque tarn maris quam 
ten-SB successibus egregie refecta : 'dum Rey- 
mundus ob patris, quern audierat, obitum, 110- 
bilis vide! viri Guilielmi Giraldidse, remenso 
pelago, in Cambriam recessisset : Herueius ite- 
rum se constabularium gerens : vt absente Eey- 
nmndo aliquid agere videretur: Comitem cum 
familia Cassiliam duxit. Dubliueiisium autem 



exercitus in eorum interim auxilium ex edicto 
veniens, cum apud Ossyriam forte pernoctaret: 
ecce Limiricensium Princeps Duuenaldus \ir 
sua in gente non improuidus, ipsorum aduentus 
exploratione certissima prsescius, summo dilu- 
culo cum manu armata irruens in incautos, 
4. milites qui aliis prseerant & 400. Ostman- 
norum viros simul interemit. His autem 
auditis, Comite Guaterfordiam cum confusione 
reuerso, casus istius occasione, totus Hibernia; 
populus in Anglos vnanimiter insurgunt : ita 
vt Comes tuuquam obsessus, Guaterfordiensi 
nusquam ab urbe discederet Rothericus vero 
Connactiensis Synnenensis fluuii fluenta trans- 
currens in manu valida Mediam inuasit. Cunc- 
taque eiusdem castra vacua vsque ad ipsos Dub- 
liniBe fines igne combusta, soloque confracta 
redegit." 

Hanmer states, upon what authority the 
Editor has never been able to discover, that 
one of the four knights who commanded these 
Ostmen soldiers was an Irishman, by name 
O'Grame. As the English and Irish accounts 
of this event in Irish history differ so much, the 
Editor thinks it necessary to give here, for the 
use of the future Irish historian, the various 
notices of it in the older Irish annals. In the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of tJlster, it is 
noticed in the following brief manner : 

A. D. 1174. Cach t)upluip la tDomnull huu 
nibpiam 7 lu concobup maenriiai jt pop muin- 
cip mic napepip .1. pij fcrtan. 

"A. D. 1174. The battle of Thurles by Don- 
nell O'Brien, and by Conor Moinmoy, against 



1171 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINdPn.M OK IRELAND 



17 



t.> thuir assistance the Galls [Ostmen] of Dublin ; and these mad' 
(1. lay till they came to Thurles". Thither came Donnell O'Brien and the Dal- 
cassians, the battalion of West Connnught, the great battalion of the Sil-Murray, 
besides numerous other good troops left there by the King, Roderic. A brave 
little was fought between the English and Irish at this place, in which the 
Kii!_ r lish were finally defeated by dint of fighting'. Seventeen hundred of the 



the people of Fitz-Empress, i. e. the king of 
England." 

In the Annals of Boyle, a compilation of the 
thirteenth century, it is entered thus: 

" A. D. 1174. Helium Durlat comiftum ett 
nun Any/ids et Dubliniensibu* a Domnallo Rege 
Mumunie et Coneobaro Maenmaiyi cum suit, in 
quo Anglici defecerunt ad mortem, et DiMinientet 
perierunt." 

In the older Annals of Innisfallen, preserved 
in the Bodleian Library (Rawlinson, 503), the 
number slain is said to be about seven hundred, 
not seventeen hundred, as the Continuator of 
Tighernach, and from him the Four Masters 
have it. The entry is as follows: 

A. D. 1174. Sluuj^eo la ^allaib jjlapa 50 
rancacap in h-Gli, co po cinolpacap Oomnall 
ua 6piam 7 Cuaomuriiam 50 Ouplap ui PO- 
capca, co po cuipeo each ecappu, co pomaio 



paulo plup cecioepunc. Conr-eapla 

cum oucencip ulnp cecioepunc la jal- 
i nouni pem. 
" A. D. 11 74. An army was inarched by the 
ii Gulls till they came into Ely ; and 
Donnell O'Brien and the men of Thomond 
(locked to Thurles, and a battle was fought 
brtwivii thi'in, and the green Galls were de- 
fi-utrcl iii the battle, in quo dec. vel paulo plut 
ceciderunt. The Constable of Waterford, with 
two hundred others, were slain by the Galls of 
their own fortress." 

In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfal- 
len also, the number slain is stated to be seven 



hundred. The literal translation of the passage 
is as follows : 

"A. D. 1174. A great army was led by 
the Earl of Strigule to plunder Munster ; and 
he sent messengers to Dublin, desiring all the 
Galls left there to join him ; and a battalion 
of knights, officers, and soldiers well armed came 
to him, and they all marched to Durlus-O'Fo- 
garty. But Donell More O'Brien there defeated 
the Earl and the knights, and slew four of 
the knights, and seven hundred of their men. 
When that news came to the hearing of the 
people of Waterfordi they killed the two hun- 
dred who were guarding the town. Then the 
Earl went on an island near the town [the Littlr 
Island], and remained there for a month, and 
then went back again to Dublin." 

The reader is also referred to Ware's Annals, 
cap. 6, regnant Hen. IL, to Cambrentii Evertut, 
p. 89, Leland's History of Ireland, vol. L b. 1 , 
p. 99, and the Abbe Mac-Geoghegan's Hutoire 
flrlande, torn. ii. p. 9, where the Abbe writes : 
" L'armee etant restce sans chef par la retraite 
de Reymond, Strongbow en donna le commande- 
ment a Hervey. Ce Capitaine voulant tenter 
fortune, & faire dcs incursions du cote de Lime- 
rick, assembla les troupes de Waterford & de 
Dublin, & marcha du cote de Cashil ; mais 
ayant ete rencontre a Durlas Hy-Ogarta, au- 
jourd'hui Thurles, dans le pays d'Ormond, par 
Roderick O'Connor le Monarque, son annee 
fut entierement defaite, & dix-scpt cens Anglois 
resterent sur le champ de bataille. Wareus 
duune la gloire de cette action a Donald O'Brien 



18 awNQta Rio^hachca emeaNN [1175. 



b imon lapla. Caeo pibe po mela oia cij 50 popclaipje. Soaip 
ua bpiain Dia cij; mp ccopccup. 

TTlaelpeclamn 6 oonnagan njeapna apab DO mapbab la hua ccona[in^]. 

CIOIS C171OSO 1175. 
Qoip Cpiopo mile, cfcc, peaccmojacc, a cuig. 

Qn ceppoc ua bpiain, eppoc ciUe Dapa DO ecc. 

Hlaoiliopa mac an clepij cuipp eppcop ulab, DO ecc. 

^lolla Domnaill mac capmuic eppcop ulab DO ecc. 

plaicbfpcac ua bpolcam comopba colaim ciUe cuip eccna -| emj, peap 
Dia ccuccacop cleipij Gipfnn cacaoip eppcoip ap a peabup -j ap a eaccna 
1 Dia ccapccup comopbup me, DO ecc co peaccnac lap ccpeablaio cojaibe 
i nDuibpecclep colaim cille, -\ jpollu macliacc ua bpandm DO oiponeab ma 
iona6 ip in abboame. 

ITlaiDm pop cenel nfnDa pia neacmapcac ua ccarain, -| pia mall ua 
n^aipmleabai^ -| ap mop Do cop poppa. 

TTlajnup ua maoilpeacluinn cicchfpna aiprip mibi Do cpochab la jallaib 
lap ppeallab paip in dc cpuim. 

Roi de Limerick, & diminue beaucoup la perte Cox, distinctly state that they were. Cox says 

des Anglois. Get echec causa tant de chagrin (Hibernia Anglicana), p. 27, without, ho\vi-v< r, 

au Comte Strongbow, qu'il s'enferma pour quel- quoting any authority, that this massacre wu> 

ijue terns a Waterford sans voir personne." perpetrated by Donald [Fitzpatrick], prince of 

Mr. Moore, however, without making any Ossory, but he observes, that the soldiers cut 

allusion to the Irish accounts of this event, off were of that sort of the citizens of Dublin 

gives full credence to Giraldus's story, and thus called Easterlings. 

manufactures it for the use of posterity : " A * Waterfard, in Irish, popr luip^e, which is 

reinforcement from the garrison of Dublin, the name of the city of Waterford at the pn-M-nt 

which the Earl had ordered to join him at day in Irish. Both names seem to be of Danish 

Cashel, having rested for a night at Ossory on origin, and the latter is most probably deriv.-d 

their march, were surprised sleeping in their from a Danish chieftain, Lairgc, who is IIH-H- 

quarters by a strong party under Donald tioned in these Annals at the year 95 1 . 
O'Brian, and the greater number of them put Ara. The territory of O'Donnagan, and 

almost unresistingly to the sword." History of afterwards of a powerful branch of the O'liriens 

Ireland, vol.ii. p. 273. He does not even inform the chief of whom was styled Mac-I-Bricn-Ara, 

us that the soldiers thus massacred were Ost- is now called Ara, and sometimes Duhurra, and 

men, though Giraldus, and even Sir Richard is a half barony in the county of Tip[x.-rary Lor- 



117.-,] ANNALS UK TIIK KIMiDoM OF IKKI.AND. l!) 

KiiL r Ii.-li were slain in this battle. ;uul only a few of them survived with tin- 
Earl, who proceeded in sorrow to his house- at Waterford*. O'Brien returned 
home in triumph. 

Melaghlin O'Donnagnn, Lord of Ara*, was slain by O'Conafing 5 ]. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1175. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-five. 

()'lru-n, Bishop of Kildare, died. 

Maelisa Mac an Chlerigh Cuirr, Bishop of Ulidia (Down), died. 

Giolla Donnell Mac Cormac, Bishop of Ulidia, died. 

Flaherty O'Brollaghan, successor of St. Columbkille, a tower of wisdom 
and hospitality, a man to whom, on account of his goodness and wisdom, the 
clergy of Ireland had presented a bishop's chair, and to whom the presidency 
of Hy [lona] had been offered, died in righteousness, after exemplary sick- 
ness, in the Duibhregles of Columbkille ; and Gilla Mac Liag O'Branan was 
appointed in his place in the abbacy*. 

The Kinel-Enda d were defeated, and a great slaughter made of them by 
Eachmarcach O'Kane', and Niall O'Gormly. 

Manus O' Melaghlin, Lord of East Meath, was hanged by the English, after 
they had acted treacherously towards him at Trim. 

ilerinji on the River Shannon. Lough Foyle and Lough Swilly. that is, between 

" (PCmMing The last syllable of this name Liffordand Letterkenny. The Kincl-Enda w.-r. 

is effaced in the original, but it is here restored descended from Enda, the youngest son of Niall 

fr. .111 the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen. of the Nine Hostages, monarch of Ireland. 
O'Conaing resided at Caislean Ui Chonaing, now * Eachmarcach if Kane, ecicmopcai Ua Ca- 

corruptly called Castleconnell, in the county of c6m. The name Gacniapcac, which signifie* 

Limerick. See note J, under the year 1 1 75. , horse-rider, equet, is anglicised Eghmarkagh in 

peaccnach is used in the LeaMar Bretir to the old translation of the Annals of Ult>r. The 

trnii-lutc the. Latin piu, and nempechcnuc, im- surname Ua Cacain, is anglicised O'Cahan 

pint. O'C'lery explain* it by the modern word throughout the same work, and in most Anglo- 

ppenru, i. ,. just, upright Irish records previous to the year 1700; Imt 

d Kinrl-Eixla, Cinel Cnoa, otlierwise called the form O'Kan6 U now so well establishul 

Tir-Enda, was a territory comprising thirty in the north of Ireland, that the Editor h 

'[uartc rs uf'luiul in the present county of Donegal, thought it the best to adopt in this translation. 

south of Inisln.w.'ii. K-tween the arms of See p. 2, note V 



[1175. 



Oorhnall caerhdnac mac Diapmaoa T?i laijfn DO mapb'an la hua poipc- 
cepn i la hua nuallam i ppioll. 

TTlac Oorhnaill mic DonncaDa cicchfpna opppaiji DO rhapban i meabail 
la Dorhnall ua mbpiain. 

Uaohj mac pfpghail uf Ruaipc Do rhapbab. 

OiapmaiD mac caiDg ui bpiain -[ TTlacjamain mac coipbealbaij ui 
bpiain DO ballab (.1. ma cij bubein i ccaiplen ui conaing) la Dorhnall ua 
mbpiain -] DiapmaiD DO ecc mpccain. Qgup mac an leiroepcc ui concobhaip 
.1. TTlac ui Concobaip copcmobpuao DO rhapbanh beop la Dorhnall ip in 16 
ceDna. 



f Donnell Kavanagh, t)omnall Caomanac. 
He was the illegitimate son of Dennot, King of 
Leinster, and the ancestor of the most distin- 
guished branches of the family of Mac Murrough, 
now Kavanagh. He was called Caomanac 
from having been fostered at Cill Chaomam, 
now Kilcavan, near Gorey, in the county of 
Wexford. Dennot Mac Murrough's only legi- 
timate son, Conor, was put to death by Eo- 
deric O'Conor, monarch of Ireland, to whom 
he had been given as a hostage by Dermot 
Hib. Erpuff., lib. L cc. 10, 17. This Donnell, 
though illegitimate, became the most powerful 
of the Mac Murroughs, and attempted to become 
king of Leinster, but his sister Eva, the wife of 
the Earl Strongbow, having proved his ille- 
gitimacy, he never was able to attain to that 
dignity See Hibernia Expugnata, lib. L c. 3, 
where Giraldus writes : " Murchardides autem 
audito eorum aduentu cum viris quasi quingentis 
(praemisso tamen Duuenaldo naturali eiusdem 
filio, et quanquam non legitimo, in sua tamen 
gente praualido) ad eos statim ouanter accessit." 
Sec also. Pedigree of the Kavanaghs in the 
Carew Collection of MSS. in the Lambeth Li- 
brary, No. 635, in which it is stated that Eva, 
the wife of the Earl Strongbow, to whom Der- 
mot had bequeathed the kingdom of Leinster, 
proved in England and Ireland that this Donnell, 



and his brother Eochy, or Enna Kinsellagh, 
were both illegitimate. , 

8 O'Foirthcern This name is probably tliut 
now made O'puapcam ; anglicised Forehan, or 
Foran. 

11 (? Nolan, O'Nuallam He was chief of the 

barony of Fotharta Fea, now the barony of 
Forth, in the county of Carlow. O'Flahurty 
informs us (Ogygia, Part iii. c. 65), that the 
last O'Nuallan who had hereditary possessions 
here, died not long before his own time. The 
family are, however, still respectable in the 
territory. 

' The son of Donnell, oh of Donough. He was 
Gillapatrick, son of Donnell, son of Donough, 
who was son of the Gillapatrick, from whom the 
family of Mac Gillapatrick, now Fitzpatrick, 
derived their name and origin. 

J 0sory The ancient Ossory was a very 
large territory, extending, in the time of Aengus 
Oisreithe, in the third century, from the Kiver 
Harrow to the River Suir, and from the Slieve 
Bloom mountains to the meeting of the Three 
Waters ; but at the period of the introduction of 
Christianity it comprised no part of Minister, for 
it is referred to in all the lives of the primitive 
Irish saints as forming the south-western por- 
tion of Leinster, in fact, what the present dio- 
' of Ossory is. Sen Life of St. Patrick, quoted 



1173.] 



ANNALS OF TJIK KIN(i!)()M OF IKKI.AM) 



Domirll Kiivaini^li', tlu- son of Dermot, King of Leinster, was treacherously 
slain by O'Foirtchcrn* and O'Nolan". 

The son of Donnell, son of Donough 1 , Lord of Ossory J , was treacherously 
slain by Donuell O'Brien. 

\ tin- *on of Farrell O'Rourke, was killed. 

Dermot, the son of Teige O'Brien, and Mahon 1 , the son of Turlough 
O'Brien, were deprived of sight in their own house at Castleconning", by Don- 
nell O'Brien ; and Dermot died soon after; and Mac an Leithdheirg O'Conor, 
(i. e. the son of O'Conor Corcomroe ), was also slain by Donnell on the same 
day. 



by Ussher in his Primordia, p. 855, where Os- 
aargy is described as " occidentalis Laginensium 
plaga. 1 ' Also the life of St. Cronan, published 
by Fleming, where we read: " Mater vero ejus 
Sochla, id est, Largo, vocubatur qua; erat de oc- 
cidental) Laginiensium plaga, id est Osraigi 
oriunda." O'Dugan, in his topographical poem, 
and Keating, in his History of Ireland, reign of 
Aodh Mac Aiumire, describe Ossory as extend- 
ing from Slieve Bloom to the sea. In the lat- 
in <-i>Mturifs Ossory has been understood as 
comprising the country of the Fitzpatricks, or 
tlir barony of Upper Ossory, in the Queen's 
county ; but its ancient extent is preserved in 
tin- diocese. 

* Teige, Caojj. This name, which signifies 
a poet, ami which was used in the last century 
as an opprobrious name for a vulgar Irishman, 
like Paddy in the present century, is now angli- 
cised Timothy and Thady, and sometimes latin- 
ised Thaddanu and even Theophilus. 

1 Mahon, muryiihain, said by Spenser to 
signify a bear, is now anglicised Matthew, as the 
proper name of a man ; but the Editor prefers 
tlnj form Mahon, as it is used in the Irish Inqui- 
sitions and law documents, and also in names of 
pUrcs, anil in tin- family name Mac Mahon. 

m Tiirlouyh, CoipbeuUiach, now generally 
anglki^ol 'IVrrmv; Imt the Editor has used the 
form Turlough throughout this translation, it 



being that most commonly found in old law 
documents, inquisitions, and most Anglo-Irish 
records. 

n Catdeconning, Cair-len ui Chonainj, L e. 
O'Conaing's, or Gunning's Castle, now corruptly 
anglicised CastleconnelL O'Conaing was Lord of 
Aos Greine, the situation of which is thus 
described in O'Brien's Dictionary: 

" Aos-Greine, the small county of Limerick, 
from the hill called Knockgreine to Limerick, 
the ancient patrimony of the O'Conuings, whose 
principal castle, near Limerick, was called Gait- 
lean (fC'onaing, or Castle Connell ; Aos-tri- 
maighe from Owny to Limerick." Castleconncll 
is now a village situated about six miles to the 
east of Limerick. 

Corcomroe, Copcmoopuao. The barony of 
Corcumroe, in the west of the county of Clare, 
preserves the name of this territory, but tin- 
territory was unquestionably more extensive 
than the barony, and comprised not only thin 
barony but also the entire of the barony of 
Burrin, in the east of which the abbey of Cor- 
cumroe is situated. According to the Irish 
genealogical books, this territory derived it* 
name from Core Modhruadh, the great grandson 
of Rury Mor, monarch of Ireland, A. M. 3845, 
and the ancestor of the families of O'Loughlin 
Burrin, and O'Couor Corcumroe, the ancient 
proprietors of these two baronies. 



22 

Sluaicchfb la Ruaibpi ua cconcobaip la Rij Gpeann i murhain, Ro 
lonnapb Domnall ua mbpiain a cuabmurham -| po mill an cip 50 mop Don 
chup pin. 

Concobop mac Concoille abb Recclepa poil, ~\ pfoaip, -| comopba 
Pacpaicc lapccam Do ecc hi l?oimh lap nool DO accallairh- comopba pfc- 

caip. 

5'olla coluim ua maolmuaib, ciccfpna pfp cceall Do mapbab la Ruaibpi 
mac concobaip meg cochlam cpe meabail. 

QO1S CR1O8O 1176. 
Ctoip Cpiopo, mile, ceD, peacrmojaD, ape. 

pabap, i Ceanannup Do papujab Do jallaib ~\ DO uib bpiuin. 
Cughrhag DO papujab Do Sa^aib. 

Niall mac mec lochlamn Do mapbab la mumncip bpanam (.1. Dal 
mbuinne). 



p Mae Concoille This name is now obsolete, 
or translated Cox, or Woods. 

' CfMolloy, Ua maolmuaio. This family 
descends from ITlaolinuaio, a name signifying 
noble or venerable chieftain [muab i. uapal no 
aipmioin, Cor. Clot."], who was lord of the terri- 
tory of Feara Ceall, and was slain in the year 
1019- He was descended from Fiacha, the third 
son of King Niall of the Nine Hostages. The name 
of this territory is still preserved in that of the 
small barony of Fircal, in the south-west of the 
King's County ; but we have the most satisfactory 
evidence to prove that it originally comprised the 
baronies of Fircal, Ballycowan, and Ballyboy, in 
the same county. The name Ua maolmuaio, 
was originally anglicised O'Mulmoy, but it is 
now invariably written without the second m. 

' Mae Coghlan See note on Dealbhna Eathra, 
t the year 1178. 

Fore, pabup, or potiap Ussher (Prinwr- 
dia, p. 966) states that Fore is called by the Irish 
Bailie faalhair, the town of books ; and he has 



been followed by Archdall, O'Conor, Lauigan, 
and all other writers on Irish topography ; nor 
was this etymology questioned till the locality 
was examined, in 1837, for the Ordnance Survey, 
by the Editor, who found that this is one of 
those inadvertent errors into which Ussher has 
fallen from his want of intimate acquaintance 
with the Irish language. The Irish name, 
as now pronounced in Westmeath, is baile 
poBuip, which means the town of Fore, and not 
the town of Books ; and Ussher was led into 
this error by the similarity of the pronunciation 
of both combinations, for baile pgbaip and bail' 
leab'aip are not very dissimilar to the ear. 
According to the life of St. Fechin, who founded 
a monastery here in the seventh century, this 
place was originally called Gleaun Fobhar ; and 
it is probable that the term FMar was origi- 
nally applied to the remarkable springs which 
flow from the hill into the mill-pond at the 
village of Fore, for the word pobap, or popap, 
is explained in an old Irish glossary, called 



ANNALS OF T1IK KINGDOM OF IUMI.AND. 



I; lerie < V<>n<>r. King of Ireland, marched with an army into Munster; he 
i.\|)(l| ( il Donnell O'Brien from Thomond, and much wasted the country <>n 
that expedition. 

' MI Mac Concoille", Abbot of the church of SS. Peter and Paul, and 
iilti-nviinls successor of St. Patrick, died at Rome, having gone thither to con- 
fer with the successor of St. Peter. 

Gillacolum O'Molloy", Lord ofFircall, was treacherously slain byRory, the 

of Conor Mac Coghlan'. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1176. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-six. 

Fore* and Kells' were laid waste by the English, and by the Hy-Briuin u . 

LoutlT was laid waste by the Saxons. 

Niall, the son of Mac Loughlin, was slain by Muintir Branan, i. e. the Dal- 

m-Huinne". 

proprietor. There is another Ceanannup in the 
county of Kilkenny, which is also anglicised 
Kells. The castle of Kells referred to on the 
next page (or rather reedification of it), stood 
not many years since opposite Cross-street, in the 
town of Kells, in the county of Meath, but no 
part of it now remains. Tradition ascribes its 
erection to Hugh de Lacy. 

u Ily-Briuin, uiB bpunn, Le. the descendants 
of Brian, son of Eochaidh Muighmheodhain, 
monarch of Ireland in the fourth century. 
There were many septs of this race, but the 
people here referred to are probably the Hy- 
Briuin-Breifne, which was the tribe name 
of the O'Rourkes, O'Reillys, and their correla- 
tives. 

* Isnith, lujihojj. The name is sometime* 
written luBmaj, and Colgan thinks that it sig- 
nifies either the plain of Lugh, a man's name, or 
the plain of herbs : " Lugi campus sou campus 
herbidus." Ada Sanctorum, p. 731, col. 2, n. 7. 

w I)al-Buinne, Dal m&umne, anglicised Dal- 



Oeip&pup oo'n ea^na an ^ijfe, as signify- 
in -> the same as cobap, a spring. Besides 
these celebrated rills which turn the mill of 
St. Fechin, there are in Gleann Fobhar, as it 
was originally called, two other wells dedicated 
to St. Fechin, one called robop no Cocaine, 
and the other ouoach Peichin. For the legend 
ronnected with the rills and mill of Fore, see 
Lite of St. Fechin, published by Colgan in Aeta 
Sanctorum, 20th January. For some account 
of the state of Fore in 1682, see Sir Henry 
1'iers's account of Westmeath, published in the 
first vol. of Vallancey's Collectanea; and for a 
description of the uncirnt remains there in 1837, 
see a letter written by the Editor at Rathowen, 
ilat.xl October 13th, 1837, now preserved at the 
Ordnance Survey Office, Phoenix Park. 

' KrlJjt, Ceonannup This name was first an- 
glicised Kcnlis. See Ussher, De Primordiit, 
I>. '!;!. The name signifies the head seat, or 
residence, ami is now translated Headfort, in the 
name of the seat and title of the present noble 



24 



emeaNR 



Injfn Ruainpi ui concobaip (.1. pi Gpeann), bfn plairbfpcaij ui maoiloo- 
paiD Do mapbaD la macaib ui caipellam 

bfnmiDe mfn t>onnclia6a ui cfpbaill, bfn Chonrhaije ui plamn, baincic- 
chfpna ua ccuipcpe i pfp If Do ecc. 

Cumaije ua plainn cicclifpna ua ccuiprpe, pfp If, -\ Dal apai&e DO rhap- 
b'ab la commiDe la a bpacaip pen -\ la pfpaib If. 

Sa^am Do lonnapbab Do Dorhnall ua bpiain a luimneac cpia popbaipi Do 
Dfnam 66 poppa. 

CaipDiall gall 501 Dfnarh ) ccfnannup. 

Qn napla Sa^anach (.1. RiocapD) Do ecc in arh cliac Do bainne aillpi 
po gab ap a coip DO miopbailip bpicchoe colaim cille -\ na naom apcfna ipa 
ceallu po milleaD laipp. Qc connaipc piurh peipm bpijic anDaplaip 05 a 
riiapbaD. 



Boyne. This tribe was seated near Lough 
Neagh, in the present county of Antrim ; and 
their territory was nearly coextensive with the 
district of Killultagh, which was a part of the 
county of Down in the year 1662, though now 
in the county of Antrim. According to the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, at the 
year 1176, this tribe of Dal-Buinne was seated 
in the territory of Moylinny, which extended 
from Lough Neagh to near Carrickfergus. For 
the descent of the Dal Buinne, the reader is 
referred to O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 46. 
For a list of the parish churches and chapels in 
this territory about the year 1291, see Pope 
Nicholas's Taxation of the Dioceses of Down and 
Connor and Dromore, edited by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Reeves, M. B. 

* Benmee, bfnmioe, denotes vornan or lady 
of Meath. It was very common as the proper 
name of a woman among the ancient Irish, as 
was also 6eanmunian, meaning " woman, or 
lady of Munstcr." 

1 OfDonoitgh 0' 'Carroll, Donnchaoa u! Ceap- 
BaiU. This was O'Carroll, chief of Oriel, not 
of Ely O'Carroll. There is a curious entry 
respecting the death of this Donough O'Carroll 



of Oriel, in an ancient Antiphonarium, formerly 
belonging to the cathedral church of Armagh, 
and now preserved in Ussher's collection of 
MSS. in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin 
(Class B. Tab. 1. No. 1). It has been recently 
published, with a literal English translation, in 
Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the 
Round Towers of Ireland, p. 389. 

1 Gooey O'Flynn, cumaij^e ua plainn The 
name of this family is now anglicised O'Lynn in 
the north of Ireland, and by some incorrectly 
made Lindsay. Their territory lay between the 
Lower Bann, Lough Neagh, and the sea, in the 
present county of Antrim ; but there seems to 
have been another branch of them in the barony 
of Loughinsholyn, in the south of the county of 
Derry, where they gave name to Lough Inish 
O'Lynn, i. e. the lake of O'Lynn's island, near 
the village of Desartmartin, and also to Desert 
Lyn and Monaster Lynn, in the same neigh- 
bourhood. 

The pedigree of this famous family, who were 
the senior branch of the Clanna Rury ofUladh, 
or Ulidia, is thus given in a MS. in Trinity 
College, Dublin, Class H. 1. 15- p. 266, line 
28: 



1176 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



25 



The daughter of Roderic O'Conor, King of Ireland, and wife of Flaherty 
O'Mnldorv, w.-i- killed by the sons of O'Cardlan. 

Benmee*, the daughter of Donough O'Carroll 7 , and wife of Cooey O'Flynn, 
lady of Hy-Tuirtrc and Firlee, died. 

Cooey O'Flynn*, Lord of Hy-Tuirtre*, Firlee, and Dalaradia, was slain by 
Cumee, his own brother, and the Firlee. 

The English were -driven from Limerick by Donnell O'Brien, by laying 
siege to them. 

An English castle was in progress of erection at Kells. 

The English Earl (i. e. Richard b ) died in Dublin, of an ulcer which had 
broken out in his foot through the miracles of SS. Bridget and Columbkillr, 
and of all the other saints whose churches had been destroyed by him. He 
saw, as he thought, St. Bridget in the act of killing him. 



1. Eory, the son of 

2. Donnell, who was son of 

3. Cumee, or Cu-Midhe. 

i 

4. Murtough, or Moriertagh. 

5. Alexander. 

6. Cumee, or Cu-Midhe. 

7. Cooley, or Cu-Uladh. 

8. Cumee, or Cu-Midhe. 

9. Rory. 

10. Foley. 

1 1. Mac Kieran, 

12. Hugh, or Aodh. 

13. Donnagan. 

14. Forgartagh. 

15. Flann, the progenitor, a quo the O'Lynns 
[Ui f,omn], &c. &c. up to Colla Uait, monarch 
of Ireland in the fourth century. 

1 In- name Cu maighe, meaning dog, or grey- 
hound of the plain, and Cumidhe, dog, or grey- 
limind of Aleath, were very common among this 
family. The former is anglicised Cooey, and 
the latter Cumee, throughout this transla- 
tion. 



* Hy-Tuirtre, Ui Cuipcpe, was the ancient 
name of a territory in the county of Antrim, 
lying to the east of Lough Neagh. The parishes 
of Kacavan, Ramoan, Donnagorr, and Killead, 
the church of Dun ChilleBice, now Downkilly- 
begs, in the parish of Drummaul, and the island 
of Inis Toide, now Church Island, in Lough 
Beg, were included in this territory, which was 
the name of a deanery in Colgan's time. See 
Trieu Thaum., p. 183. 

The tribe called the Firlee, and sometimes 
Fir Li of the Bann, were originally seated on the 
west side of that river, but at this period they 
were unquestionably on the east of it. They 
were probably driven from their original locality 
by the family of O'Kane, who, at this period, 
had possession of all the district lying between 
Lough Foyle and the Bann. For the descent of 
the Fir Li of the Bann, see Oyygia, part iii. 
c. 76 ; Ogygia Vindicated, Dedication, p. Ivi ; 
and Duald Mac Firbis's Genealogical Book, 
Marquis of Drogheda's copy, pp. 95, 128. 

b The Englith Earl, i. e. Richard de Clare, Earl 
of Strigul, commonly called Strongbow. Matthew 
Paris inserts the death of this earl at the same 
year ; but Pembridge places it about the 1st of 



26 QNNW-a Rio^luichca eirceciNN. [IIT<; 

Cniplfn Sldine i paibe RiocapO plemeann co na pluaj, ap po bap oc 
milleaoh oippall i ua mbpium -\ pfp mi6e DO opccain la TTlaoileaclainn 
mac meclochlamn la ciccheapna cenel neojain -| la cenel neojain buben ~\ 
la haipsiallaib. Ro niapbpac cuicc cfcc no nf ap uille Do na jjallaib la 
caeb ban, leanam -| eac co na cfpna Dume i mbrchaib ap in ccaipoiall. 
l?o papaijre cpi caipcceoill im mi&e ap nabapach ap uarhan cenel neo^ain 
.1. caipciall cfnannpa, caipplfn calacpotna i caiplen noipe paccpaic. 17io- 
capo pletnenn pem Do mapbab Don chup pin. 

baile biacaijj DO lobbaipc la puaibpi ua concobaip l?i Gpeann Don coim- 
6e6 i Do naoirh beapac 50 bpac .1. baile cuama achab. Iciao Slana na hoj- 
bilpi 50 bpac. Cabla ua Dubraij aipoeppcop cuama, aipeaccac ua Roouib, 
plann ua pionnachca, aob ua ploirm, T?uapc ua TTlaoilbpeanamn, Ijnaiohe ua 
mannacam, )K>Uu an coimbeb mac an leapcaip, ua liainli 51, -| concob'ap mac 
DiapmaDa, a ccopaigeacc an baile pin Do bfic 05 oia -] ag beapac 50 bpac 
6 ua cconcobaip ~\ o piop a lonaiD. 

Oomnall mac coipoealbaij uf Concobaip ctcchfpna cuaiy>cceipc Con- 
nacc, opDan, Smacc -\ Dfjcomaiple na njaoibeal Do ecc -| a abnacal i 
maij eo na Sa^an. 

Oomnall mac coipbealbaij ui bpiain piojtmrhna muman DO ecc. 

May, 1177, and Giraldus Cambrensis about the rationis & refugii signum manebat. In vtraque 

1st of June. In the Dublin copy of the Annals belli for tuna stabilis & constans, nee casibus 

of Innisfallen, Strongbow is called the greatest aduersis desperatione fluctuans ; nee secundis 

destroyer of the clergy and laity that came to vlla leuitate discurrens." Hibernia Expugnata, 

Ireland since the time of Turgesius. His cha- lib. i. cap. 27, Cainden. Francofurti, M.D.CIII. 

racter is thus given by Giraldus, who was his p. 774. 

cotemporary : c Slane, Slcnne, now generally called 6uile 

" Comiti vero modus hie erat. Vir subrufus, Slame in Irish. It is a small village near the 

lontiginosus, oculis glaucis, facie fccminea, voce Boyne, midway between Navan and l)rnL'ln da. 

'xih, collo contracto, per cetera fere cuncta, in the eounty of Meath. The site .,(' Fli min- '- 

corpore precero, vir liberalis & lenis. Quod re Castle is now occupied by the seat of the Mar- 

non poterat, verborum suauitate componebat. quess of Conynghaiu. 
Togatus & inermis parere paratior, quam impe- d Besides icomen, cliiblren, <iml hwses. It- r<u-V) 

rare. Extra bellum plus militis, quam Duels : ban leanurh 7 eac This was evidently copied 

in bello vero plus Ducis quam militis habens : by the Four Masters from the Annals of Ulsti r. 

I'limia suorum audens consilio: Nihil vnquam in which the original reads as follows : ou m po 

ex se vel armis aggrediens, vel aniuiositate prae- mapbao cec no ni ip moo bo jallaiB pe ccieB 

sinnuns. In prcclio positus fixum suis recupe- ban 7 leanum 7 ec in caipceoil oo mopbao 



117ft] ANNALS OF TIIK KINdDoM OK IUKI. AND _>; 

The castle of Slane c , in which was Richard Fleming with his forces, and 
l'n mi which ho used to ravage Oriel, Ily-Driuin, and Meath, was plundered by 
Mi lairlilin, the son of Mac Loughlin, Lord of the Kinel-Owen, by the Kind 
( hvc-ii t lie in selves and the men of Oriel. They killed five hundred or more of 
i he English, besides women, children, and horses"; and not one individual 
escaped with his life from the castle. Three castles were left desolate in 
;h on the following day, through fear of the Kinel-Owen, vi/c. the castle of 
Kclls, the castle of Galtrim", and the castle of Derrypa trick'. Richard Fleming 
himself \v;is slain on this occasion. 

A ballybetagh was granted in porjK-tuity by Roderic O'Conor, King of 
Ireland, viz. the townland of Toomaghy* to God and St. Berach. The follow- 
ing were the sureties of that perpetual gift : Keyly [Catholicus] O'Duffy, Arch- 
bishop of Tuam ; Aireaghtagh O'Rodiv ; Flann OTinnaghty ; Hugh O'Flynn ; 
Rourke O'Mulrenin; Ignatius O'Monahan ; Gilla-an-choimhdhe Mac-an-leastair ; 
O'Hanly; and Conor Mac Dermot; who were to guarantee that this townland 
was to remain for ever the property of God and St Berach, from O'Conor and 
his representative. 

Donnell, the son of Turlough O'Conor, Lord of the north of Connaught, 
the glory, the moderator, and the good adviser of the Irish people, died, and 
was interred at Mayo of the Saxons. 

Donnell, the son of Turlough O'Brien, the heir apparent to the kingdom of 
Minister, died. 

co nu ee"pna ouine i mbechaib up in caipeeU the town of Athenry, but who was knighted 

Tim- rendered in the old translation of the for having killed O'Kelly and his esquire, in the 

Ulster Annals : " where one hundred and more battle of Athenry, in the year 1316. q. v See 

WIT.' killed of the Galls, besides women and Hibernia Anglicana, by Sir Richard Cox, p. 96. 

children, and the horses of the castle, soe as f Ooipe [>urpuic, now Derrypatrick, a 

none living escaped out of the castle." townland containing the min of an old castle, 

' The easdt of Caltruim. Caiplen Cala in a parish of the same name, in the barony of 

Cpomo, Le. the castle of Galtrim. Galtrim is Deece, and county of Meath See Ordnance 

now i In- imine of a townland, containing a moat, Map ofMeaih, sheet 43. 

in a parish of the same name, in the barony of * Toomagky, euaim acab. A ballybetagh 

Deece, and county of Meath. The district be- was the thirtieth part of a triocha ctad, or b*- 

longing to this castle was an ancient palatinate, rony. It contained four quarters, or scisreaghs, 

and gave the title of Baron to the family of each seisreagh containing 120 acres of the laiyt 

whose ancestor had been a butcher in Irish measure. The name of this ballybetagh is 

1 



28 aNNCtta Rio^haclica emeawN. [1177. 

Oorhnall ua mailli cijeapna umaill DO ecc. 

Oiapmaic mac copbmaic meg cajiraij pi ofpmurhan Do jabail la a 
mac pfm copbmac liachanac -| copbmac DO mapbab hi ppiull la a rhuinnp 
bubem -\ Diapmaic DO jabail a cijeapnaip lajiam. 

Oomnall mac jpollapacpaicc cijeapria oppaije DO ecc. 

(lob mac giollabpoiDi ui puaipc Do ecc. 

Oomnall mac jiolla pacpaic cijeapna caipppe ua cciapba, Do mapbab i 
ppiull Dua maoileclamn (.1. Qpc), -\ dpc Do airpiojab la peapaib mibe, -] 
pije (no cicceapnup) DO cabaipc Do bonnchab ua maoileclamn agup plann 
a mac Do mapbab la caipppe ua cciapba. 

QO1S CR1OSO 1177. 
Qoip Cpiopb mile, cecc peaccmojar, a peace. 

Uiuianup capDinal DO reacc i nGpinn. Seanab clfipeac 6penn Do bfic 
ecap eppcopaib i abbaib iman ccapDinal in ach cliac an cfo Dorhnac Don 
copjup i po cmnpfo DeichiDe lomba no: comailceap. 

Qeb O Nell.i. an macaom comleapcc cicchfpna cenel neojain pe heaoh 
1 Riojbamna 6peann Do mapbab la maoileaclamn ua loclainn ~\ la hapDjal 
ua laclainn i apDjal peipin DO corhcuicim la hua nell ap an lacaip pin. 

Sluaicchfb la lohn DO cuipc ] lap na piDipmib i nDal apame -\ co 



now forgotten. It must have been applied to a set at liberty. Giraldus Cambrensis states, in 

large townland, since subdivided into quarters, his Hibernia Ezpiynata, lib. ii. c. 17, that this 

somewhere near Kilbarry, in the north-east side Legate held a synod at Dublin, in which he pub- 

of the county of Roscommon, where St. Berach's lished the King of England's title to Ireland, and 

principal church is situated. But the name pronounced excommunication against all that 

does not appear in any form on the Down Survey should oppose it ; that he also gave leave to the 

for Connaught, or on the Ordnance Survey. English, to take out of the churches and nionas- 

h Cardinal Vivianut He was sent to Ireland teries corn and other provisions as often as they 

by Pope Alexander III., as apostolic Legate, should require them, always paying the true 

According to Rogerus Hoveden, and the Chro- value for the same. To which Hanmer most 

nicle of Man at this year, Vivianus was in the impertinently adds : " He filled his bagges with 

Isle of Man on Christmas-day with King Gothred. the sinnes of the people ; the English cuptuim-s 

After Epiphany he landed at Downpatrick, and understanding of it, gave him in charge, either 

on his way to Dublin was taken prisoner by the to depart the land, or to goe to the warres, and 

soldiers of John de Courcy, by whom he was serve for pay with them, and no longer to re- 



1177.] ANNALS OK THK KINGDOM OF IHKI.AM) _*. 

DoniK-11 O'Malley, Lord of Umallia [thcOwles, in the county of Mayo], died 

Dermot.tlu' ><m of CormacMacCarthy, King of Desmond, was taken prisoner 
by his own son, Cormac Liathanach; but Cormac was treacherously slain by 
his own people, and Dermot then re-assumed his lordship. 

Donnell Mac Gillapatrick [now Fitzpatrick], Lord of Ossory, died. 

1 1 ugh, the son of Gilla-Broidi O'Rourke, died. 

Donnell, son of Gillapatrick [O'Keary], Lord of Carbury O'Keary, was 
treacherously slain by O'Melaghlin (i. e. Art), upon which Art was deposed 
by the men of Meath, and his kingdom (or lordship) was given to Donough 
O'Melaghlin ; and his son Flann was slain by the inhabitants of Carbury 
O'Keary. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1177. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy and seven. 

Cardinal Vivianus" arrived in Ireland. A synod of the clergy of Ireland, 
both bishops and abbots, was convened by this cardinal on the first Sunday in 
Lent, and they enacted many ordinances not now observed. 

Hugh O'Neill, popularly called an Macaemh Toinleasc, who had been for 
some time Lord of the Kinel-Owen, and heir presumptive to the throne of 
Ireland, was slain by Melaghlin O'Loughlin 1 and Ardgal O'Loughlin; but 
Ardgal himself fell on the spot by O'Neill. 

An army was led by John De Courcy 1 and the knights into Dalaradia and 

<vivc money for nought." Hannter't Chronidt, membris neruosis & ossosis, stature grandis, 4 

i.tlition of 1809, pp. 295, 296. See also the corpore perualido, viribus immcnsis, audacic 

same fact given as true history by Sir Richard singularis, vir fortis & bellator ab adolescentia. 

Cox in his Hibernia Auglieana, pp. 33, 34. Semper in acie primus, semper grauioris periculi 

' CPLougUin The name of this family, ppndus arripiens. Adeo belli cupidua & ardens, 

which was the senior branch of the northern vt militi dux praefectus, ducali plerunque d- 

Hy-Niall, is now generally written Mac Loughlin. serta constantia Ducein exuens, et militem in- 

iJoJin De Courcy. lie sot out from Dublin, duuns, inter primes impetuosus & praecep* : 

and in four days arrived at Downpatrick. The turma vacillante suorum, nimia vincendi cupi- 

clmractcr and personal appearance of this extra- dilate* victoriam amississe videretur. Et quan- 

<>rdinary man arc thus described by his cotem- quant in annis immoderatus, & plus militi; 

1'orary, (iiraldus Cainlm quam Ducis habens, inermis tamen modestus, 

" Erat itaquc lohannes vir albus & procerus, ac sobrius, & Ecclesiee Christi debitam reueren- 



30 



[Ill 



nu Ifcjlapj 1 - Ro mapbpac Oorhnall mac mic cacapatj cicchfpna Dal 
apaibe. Ro hoipcceao ~\ po nulleab nun oa Ifc^lapj 1 la lohn -\ lay 



tium prsestans, diuino cultui per omnia deditus : 
Gratiseque supernse, quoties ei successerat, cum 
gratiarum actione totum ascribens, Deoq; dans 
gloriam, quoties aliquod fecerat gloriosum. Sed 
quoniam, vt ait Tullius, Nihil simplici in ge- 
nere, omni ex partc perfectum natura expoliuit : 
nimiffi parcitatis & inconstant ice nceui, niueum 
tantae laudis nitorcm denigrauerant. Regis 
itaque Manniae Gotredi filia sibi legitime copu- 
lata, post variu belli diuturni proelia : & graues 
vtrinque conflictus, tandem in arce victories 
plane constitutus, Vltoniam vndique locis ido- 
neis incastellauit. & nusquam (non absque la- 
bore plurimo) & inedia, multisque periculis, pace 
linnissima stabiliuit. Hoc autem milii notabilc 
videtur : quod grandes hi quatuor Hibernicse 
expugnationis postes, Stephanides, Herueius, 
Reymundus, & Johannes do Curcy (occulto qui- 
dem Dei iudicio, sed uunquam iniusto) legiti- 
niam ex sponsis prolem suscipere non merue- 
runt. Quintum autem his Meylerium adiunxe- 
rim, qui legitimani vsque hodie de sponsa prolem 
non suscepit. Sed hsec de lohanne Curcy sum- 
matim, & quasi sub epilogo commemorantes, 
grandiaq ; eiusdem gesta, suis explicanda scrip- 
toribus reliquentes." Hibernia Expugnata, 
lib. ii. cap. xvii. 

k Donnell, son of Cahatagh, tDomnall mac 
Carajxii j. In the Dublin copy of the Annals 
of Ulster, and in the Annals of Kilronan, he is 
called Ootnnall mac mic Cacupai j, i. e. Don- 
nell, son of the son, L e. grandson of Cahasagh. 
In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, 
the chieftain who contended with De Courcy 
at Down, on this occasion, is called Rory Mac 
Donslevy ; and it is certain that the family 
name was Mac Donslevy at this time, though it 
was originally Cfh-Eochadha (O'Haughy). The 
name is latinix. d Durdeuut by Giraldus Cam- 



na 



brensis ; but Dr. Hanmer, who knew but little 
of Irish families or history, supposing that by 
Dunleuus (which he reads incorrectly Dwdenut) 
Giraldus meant O'Donnell, he speaks through- 
out of the chief who contended with De Courcy, 
at Down, as O'Donell ! Giraldus, who was co- 
temporary with Sir John De Courcy, speaks 
in high terms of the valour of the King of 
Down, who contended with him on this occa- 
sion. It appears that the Pope's Legate, Cardi- 
nal Vivianus, happened to be at Downpatrick 
on De Courcy's arrival, and that he endeavoured 
to prevail on De Courcy to withdraw his forces 
from Down, on condition that Dunlevus should 
pay tribute to the King of England. De Courcy 
refusing to comply, Dunlevus, encouraged by 
the suggestions of the Legate, collected his 
forces, and attacked the English, we are told, 
with astonishing bravery ; but if we believe 
Giraldus's statement, that he mustered ten 
thousand warriors, who, fighting manfully 
(yirUiter) with spears and battle-axes, were de- 
feated by three hundred English soldiers, com- 
manded by twenty-two knights, we must con- 
clude that his people were either very feeble 
or very unskilful warriors. Giraldus describes 
the conquest of Down by De Courcy in the 
sixteenth chapter of the second book of his 
Hibernia Expugnata, where he writes as follows : 

" Videns autem Dunleuus se verbis minime 
profecturutn, corrogatis vndiq; viribus cum 
10. bellatorum millibus infra 8. dies hostes in 
vrbe viriliter inuadit. In hac etenim insula 
sicut et in omni natione, gens borealis magis 
bellica semper et truculenta reperitur, &c., &c. 

" Prospiciens itaq; lohannes hostiles acies 
Heritor ad vrbem accedere : quanquam manu 
modica, tamen perualida, potius obuiam exire, 
& viribus dimicando, belli fata tentare, quam 



1177.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KlN(il)().M <)K IUKI.AN1) 



in Dun da lr:itht_ r lil:is; they slew Donnull, the grandson of Cathasach", Lord <>f 
Dalaradia. Dun da leothgUu was plundered and destroyed by John smd the 



.xili nmnicipio, quod in vrbis angulo tenuiter 
crexerat, diutius ab hoste claudi, & fame confici 
longe prteelegit. Igitur atroci bello conserto, 
in priino rtninus sagittarum iaculorumq; gran- 
ilinc perfuso. Deinde cominus lancete lanceis, 
securibus enscs confligentes : ad tartara moltoa 
vtrinq; transmittunt. Dum igitur acerrimo 
Martis conflictu, lam dypeo dypeut, vmbone 
repellitur nmbo : Ente minor entis, pede pet, t'j- 
cwtpide ewtpit: qui gladii loannia ictus hie 
oerneret, qualiter nunc caput ab humeris, nunc 
artnos a corpore, nunc brachia scparabat, viri 
bellatoris vires digne possit commendare. Mul- 
tis igitur in hoc conflictu se strenue gerentibus : 
Roger, tamen Poerius adolescens imberbis & 
t hi 11 us, pulcher & procerus (qui postmodum in 
Lethliuiae & Ossyrice partibus emicuit) secun- 
ihini IIDII immerito laudem obtinuit. Post 
graues itaq; diuq; ambiguos, nimis impari cer- 
tainine belliq; congressus, tandem loannis vir- 
tuti cessit victoria: hostium multitudine raagna 
per marinam glisiu, quo transfugerant, inter- 
inpta." 

And again, in his short recapitulation of the 
battles of De Courcy, towards the end of the 
Minn 1 chapter: 

"In duobus itaque magnis preliis lohannes 
:i].ud Duuam victor enituit. In primo post 
purificationem. In secundo circa Calendas lulii, 
in luitiuitali' Sancti luhannis, vir de quindcciin 
viroruin militibus [al. niillibus] victoriam obti- 
nuit cum paucissimis, hostium extincte multitu- 
iline. Tertium erat apud Fcrly in pneda; cap- 
tione," &c. 

It is stuti'd in the Dublin copy of the Annals 
<>t lunistallrii, a work wlii<-li seems to have been 
v.Ty niucli interpolated, that Jolin De Courcy 
"ii tlr^ occasion erected a strong fort of stones 
and clay at Down, and drew a ditch or wall 



from se* to sea, but that he was defeated and 
taken prisoner, and the greater part of his men 
slain by Rory Mac Donslevy ; that he was after- 
wards set at liberty ; and that the English, 
taking fresh courage, being led on by DC Courcy 
and a valiant knight called Roger Poer, again 
attacked the Irish and made a great slaughter 
of them ; and took from them the croziers of 
St. Finghin and St. Ronan, and that then all 
the English of Dublin went to the assistance 
of De Courcy. These Annals then add : 
" Melaghlin O'Neill [recte Mac Loughlin], at 
the head of the Kinel-Owen, and Rory Mac 
Donslevy, at the head of the Ulidians, accom- 
panied by the Archbishop of Armagh, Gilla- 
an-choimdedh O'Carran, the Bishop of Ulidia, 
and the clergy of the north of Ireland, repaired 
with their noble relics to Downpatrick, to take 
it from John De Courcy. A fierce battle was 
fought between them, in which the Kinel-Owen 
and Ulidians were defeated, with the loss of 
five hundred men, among whom were Donnell 
O'Laverty, chief of Clann Hamill; Conor O'Car- 
ellun, chief of Clann,- Dermot ; Gilla Mac Liag 
O' Donnelly, chief of Ferdroma; Gilla-an Choim- 
dedh Mac Tomulty, chief of Clann Mongan ; 
and the chiefs of Clann Cartan and Claim 
Fogarty. The Archbishop of Armagh, the 
Bishop of Down, and all the clergy, were taken 
prisoners; and the English got possession of the 
croziers of St. Comgall and St. Dachiarog, the 
Canoin Phatruic [L e. the Book of Armagh], be- 
sides a bell called Ceolan an Tiy/tearna. They 
at'trrwards, however, set the bishops at liberty, 
and restored the Canoin Phatruic and the bell, 
but they killed all the inferior clergy, and kept 
the other noble relics, which" [remarks this 
compiler] "are still in the hands of the English." 
Dr. IlamiRT, in describing this battle, states 



32 



[1177 



piDipib camic i na pocpaiDe. Oo ponab Dona caiplen leo ann ap a ccugpao 
Tnaibm po 6f ap ulcaib -| maibin pop cenel eojjain -| pop aipjiallaib aipm in 
po mapbab concobop o caipealldin coipeac cloinne DiapmaOa -\ jiollumac- 
liacc ua Donngaile noipec pfp nopoma. l?o jonab ann beop Dorhnall ua 
plaicbfpcaijj Do poijoib j^up ba mapb e laparh Do na gonaib pin i pecclep 
poil in apDmaca lap ccairfrii cuipp cpiopo i a pola, lap non^ab i aich- 
picclie. Po mapbab Dona moire lomba aile leo cenmochaicpibe. Udinic 
lolin DO cuipc co na pocpaiDi an peacr ceDna i nuib cuipcpe -\ i ppfpaib 
If. l?o loipcc Cumibe ua plainn aipreap rhaije perhe. T?o loipccpfc Dona 
cul pacam, i ceallu lomba oile. 

Niall ua ^a'pmleabaij ncchfpna pfp maije hire -\ cenel fnoa DO map- 



citizens that the enemy would wade up to the 
knees in their blood. Stanihurst, enlarging on 
a slight hint thrown out by Giraldus in his ac- 
count of these prophecies, writes thatDe Courcy, 
in his anxiety to adapt these prophecies to him- 
self, took every care to adapt himself to the pro- 
phecies, and with that view provided for his 
equipment, on his expedition to Downpatrick, a 
white horse, a shield with birds painted upon it, 
and all the other predicted appendages of the 
predestined conqueror of Ulster ; so that he 
sallied forth like an actor dressed to perform a 
part ! This, however, is overdrawing the picture ; 
for Giraldus says that De Courcy happened by 
mere chance (forte) to ride upon a white horse 
on this occasion, and had little birds (aviculas) 
painted on his shield, evidently the cognizance 
of his family ; but he distinctly states, however, 
that De Courcy always carried about with him 
a book in the Irish language, containing the 
prophecies of St. Columbkille, as a mirror in 
which the achievements which he himself was 
predestined to perform were to be seen ; to which 
Stanihurst, drawing on his imagination, imper- 
tinently adds, that he slept with this book under 
his pillow ! " Ad dormiendum proficiscens, eun- 
dem sub cubicularis lecti pulvino collocaret." 
The charge brought by Dr. Hanmer against Cam- 



that De Courcy was opposed by Roderic [OConor] 
the Monarque and CPDonnett, king of Duune ! 
See his Chronicle, Dublin edition of 1809, 
p. 300 ; and Cox (Hibernia Anglicana), p. 32, 
gravely repeats this blunder as true history. 
By this expedition and battle were fulfilled, in 
the opinion of both parties, two prophecies, 
which would appear to have depressed the spirit 
of the Ultonians, and animated De Courcy and 
his superstitious followers for further conquests. 
The one was a prophecy among the Britons, said 
to have been delivered by Merlin of Caermar- 
then, in the latter part of the fifth century, and 
which had declared that " a white knight, sit- 
ting on a white horse, and bearing birds on his 
shield, would be the first that with force of 
arms would enter and invade Ulster." (" Miles 
albus, albo residens equo, aues in clypeo gerens, 
Vltoniam hostili inuasione primus intrabit.") 
The other was a prophecy ascribed to Saint 
Columbkille, who had foreseen this battle not 
long after the time of Merlin, and who had writ- 
ten in Irish that a certain pauper and beggar, 
and fugitive from another country ("qucn- 
dam paupercm & mendicum & quasi de aliis 
terris fugacem") would come to Down with a 
small army and obtain possession of the town, 
and that such would be the slaughter of the 



1177] 



ANNALS Ml- Till-. KIMiDOM OF IKKI.AND. 



33 



knights who came in his army. A ca^tic was erected by them there, out nf 
which they defeated tlie I'lidians twice, and tlir Kim-l-Owen and Oriels once, 
?lc\v I'unor O'Carellan, chief of Clandcrmot 1 , and Gilla-Macliag O'Don- 
nelly, chief of Feardroma 1 "; and Donnell O'Flaherty [now Laverty] was so 
wounded by arrows on this occasion, that he died of his wounds in the 
church of St Paul at Armagh, after having received the body and blood of 
Christ, and after extreme unction- and penance. Many other chieftains were also 
slain by them besides these. During the same expedition, John [De Courcy] 
proceeded with his forces to Hy-Tuirtre and Firlee ; before his arrival, however, 
Cumee O'Flynn had set Annoy" on fire; but they burned Coleraine and many 
other churches on this incursion. 

Niall O'Gormly, Lord of the men of Magh-Ithe and Kinel-Enda, was 



tions, which never at any period belonged to the 
O'Donnellys. 

" Armoy, Qirfpimii^e The author of the 
Tripartite Life of St, Patrick, which was trans- 
lated and published by Colgan, in his Trial 
Thaum., calls this "Arthermiigia prcecipua cicittu 
Dalriedinorum." It was anciently a bishop's see, 
and an ecclesiastical town of consequence; but in 
Colgan's time it was only a small village in the 
territory of Eeuta. It is still called by its an- 
cient name in Irish, but is anglicised Annoy. 
It retains at present no monumental evidence of 
its ancient importance except a part of an an- 
cient round tower, which, however, is no small 
proof of its ancient ecclesiastical importance. 
Colgan in his Acta S. S., p. 377, col. 2, note 6, 
describes it as follows : " Est hodie vicus tantum 
exiguus in regione Keuta juxta Oceanum octo 
circiter millibus passuum a Dunliffsia" [Dun- 
luce] "distans." 

Magh-Itht and Kinel-Enda Mut/A like, L e. 
tlie plain of Ith, is said to have derived its name 
from Ith, the uncle of Milesius of Spain, who, 
according to some of the Irish Shanachies, was 
slain by the Tuatha De Dananns, at Drumline, 
near Lifford, and buried in this plain Set- 
K eating's History of Ireland, Haliday's edition. 



, that having malevolent feelings towards 
De Courcy, he slightly passed over and misrepre- 
sented his actions, seems very unfounded, for Cam- 
1 'ivnsis speaks of the noble achievements of this 
knight in terms of the highest admiration, say- 
ing that he would leave his grand exploits to be 
blazoned by De Courcy's own writers, evidently 
alluding to the monk Jocclyn, who was at the 
time employed by De Courcy to write the Life 
of St. Patrick. " Sed haec de Johanne Curcy 
summutini, & quasi sub epilogo commemorantes, 
grundiaq; eiusdem gesta suis explacanda scrip- 
t.iriluis reliquentes." Hiber. Expugnat. lib. ii. 
.. 17. 

1 Clandermot. The name is yet preserved in 
Clonderinot, a parish in the barony of Tirkeeran, 
in the county of Deny, east of the Foyle. The 
O'Caireallans are still numerous in this parish, 
Imt the name is variously anglicised Carlan, 
< 'urlaud, Carellan, Carelton, &c. 

m Fturi/roma This was an ancient terri- 
in the county of Tyrone, containing Castle- 
CaulJtield, anciently Ballydonnelly, and the 
Mil-rounding district. See note on Ballydon- 
nelly, at the year 1531. It is to be distin- 
guished from the townland of popopuim, or 
Fardroiue, mentioned in tlie Donegal Inquisi- 



34 



[1177- 



ba6 la bonncha6 ua ccaipealldm -| la cloinn Diapmaoa ap lap Dope 
colainn cille ap po loipcceab ceac paip cfcup "| cfpna mall amac app -j 
po mapbab i noopup an cicche lapccain. Da pome Dona Oonnchab ua 
caipellam opic ppi Dia ppi colaim cille ] ppi mumncip boipe annpin cap a 
cfnn pen -| cap cfnn a pleacca .1. a mamchine pen, a mec, a ua, -| a mptnua 
cpia biche Do colaim cille -\ Do mumncpi boipe. T?o io6baip oond baile 
biacaijj i pp"appab Domnaij riioip boib. Oo pao Doib beop TTlac piabac 
.1. copn ap pfpp boi i n6pmn ip in aimpip pin i njioll cpi pichic bo. Oo 
ponab imoppa ceac Don clfipeac i nionaD an cije po loipcceab ua6a pop ua 
njaipmleaDaij. 17o hiocab uile ppipp jac ap loipcceab imbe. Oo paDpac 
clann nDiapmaoa uile lopgniorh cap a ccfnn pen uacha. 

THupcab mac ]?uai6pi ui Concobaip DO bpeic TTlile coca co na pioipib 
laip 50 l?op commain Do milleab Connacc ap ulca ppi Ruaibpi. 17o loipcc- 
pfo Dona Connaccaij po cfooip cuaim Do gualann i ceallu an cipe ap 
cfna ap na haipipDfp joill inncib. I?o chuippfc mpccain maibm popp na 
jallaib i po Diochuippfc ap eccm ap an cfp mcc. T?o ball Ruaibpi a mac 
mupchab i ccionab an cupaip pin. 



p. 266, and note on Druim lighean, in these 
Annals, at the year 1522. From the situation 
of the parish church called Domhnach more 
Muighe Ithe, or the great church of Magh Ithe, 
now Donaghmore, it is quite evident that Magh 
Ithe is the tract of level land in the barony of 
Raphoe, now called the Lagan. The territory 
of Kinel-Enda lay immediately south of Inish- 
owen, and comprised the parishes of Raymoaghy 
andTaughboyne. See Colgan's^lrta Sanctorum, 
Life of St. Baithenus. The Editor has a copy 
of the will of O'Gallagher, who was steward to 
the celebrated Red Hugh O'Donnell, in which it 
is stated that Kinel-Enda contained thirty quar- 
ters of land. 

P Near Donaghmore, Domnac mop, i. e. the 
great church, generally called t)omnac mop 
rriui^e l^e, as in the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, and inO'Donnell'sLife of St. Columbkilk-, 
apud Colgan. Trial Thaum., p. 390. It is a 



parish church, near the village of Castlefin, in 
the barony of Raphoe and county of Donegal. 
It was in the territory of Magh-Ithe, of which 
O'Gormly was lord. From this passage it ap- 
pears that O'Carellan had seized upon some of 
O'Gormly's territory, after he had killed him. 

q The tan-coloured son This is a fanciful 
name given to the goblet. The adjective piatiac, 
pronounced in the -south of Ireland as if written 
pictc, and anglicised Reagh in names of men and 
places, signifies tan-coloured, or greyish, and is 
translated fuscus, by Philip O'Sullevnn Beare, 
in his History of the Irish Catholics See 
pp. 123, 145, et pas* im. 

1 This exjtedition The Dublin copy of the 

Annals of Innisfallen contains the following ac- 
count of this excursion : 

" A. D. 1 177. A great army was led by the 
Kuirlish of Dublin and Tullyard [near Trim] 
into Connaught. They proceeded first to Ros- 



1177 



ANNALS (iK TIIK KINCDoM OF IIIKI.AND. 






-hin by Donoii^li O'Carellan and the Clandermot in the middle of Deny 
Columbkille. The house in which he was was first set on fire, and afterwards, 
as he was endeavouring to effect his escape out of it, he was killed in the door- 
way of the house. Donough O'Carellan then made his perfect peace with God, 
St. Columbkille, and the family [i. e. clergy] of Deny, for himself and his 
descendants, and confirmed his own mainehine (gifts) and those of his sons, 
grandsons, and descendants, for ever, to St Columbkille and the family of 
Deny. He also granted to them a ballybetagh near Donaghmore p , and, more- 
over, delivered up to them the most valuable goblet at that time in Ireland, 
which goblet was called Mac Riabhach [i. e. the tan-coloured son"], as a pledge 
for sixty cows. There was also a house erected for the cleric, in lieu of 
that burned over the. head of O'Gormly, and reparation was made by him 
for all damage caused by the burning. All the Clandermot gave likewise 
full satisfaction on their own behalf. 

Murrough, the son of Koderic O'Conor, brought Milo de Cogan and his 
knights with him to Roscommon, to ravage Connaught, to annoy Roderic his 
father. The Connacians immediately burned Tuam and other churches, to 
prevent the English from quartering in them. They afterwards defeated the 
English, and forcibly drove them out of the country [of Connaught] ; and 
Roderic put out the eyes of his son, in revenge for this expedition'. 



common, where they remained for three nights. 
Here they vrerc joined by Murrough, the son 
of Roderic O'Conor, who guided them through 
the province. King Roderic at the time hap- 
I'fiii-d to be on his regal visitation, and was in 
lar-Connaught when the news of this irruption 
into bis territories reached 'his ear. The Eng- 
lish proceeded through the Plain of Connaught, 
burning the country as they passed along, in- 
cliuLiiig the churches of Elphin, Fert-Geige, 
Imlragh Fordcorach, Imleagh an Bhroghadhia, 
and Dunamon, and making their way to Ath 
Mogha and Ficnlh Monach, and passing over 
th<- Togher [causeway] of Muin Coinueadha, 
and through the great rood of Lig Gnathaile, 
and the ford of Athfinn, near Dunmore, proceeded 
directly to Tuam ; but they made no prey or 



battle during all this excursion, for the Con- 
nacians had lied, with their cattle and other 
moveable property, into the fastnesses of the 
country. On this occasion Tuam was evacuated, 
and the churches of Kilbannan, Kilmaine, Lack- 
agh, Kilcahill, and Roskeen, and the castle of 
Galway, were burned. The English remained 
three nights at Tuam, without being able to ob- 
tain provisions, or gaining any advantage ; here 
they were informed that the men of Connaught 
and Monster were on their march to give them 
battle, which indeed they soon perceived to be 
true, for they saw that Roderic gave them no 
time to consider, for he drew up his forces for 
an engagement. The English took to flight, 
and escaped to Tochar mona Comneadha. They 
were, however, hotly pursued and attacked a* 



F2 



ciNNata Rio^hachca eiReawN. 

pop ua maoiloopaib -\ pop cenel cconaill pia cconcobop ua 
ccaipeallam aic in po mapbab ap cenel fnoa im mac in Seappaij; i im 
maicib lomba apcheana. 

Oomnall ua heaghpa ciccfpna Cuijne DO ecc. 

QO1S CI71OSD, 1178. 
Qoip Cpiopb mile, ceo, peaccmo^ac a hocc. 

bachall coluim mic luijbeac oo bfic ace lomacallarh pe na cleipeac 
pfm co piabnac. 

Oorhnall ua poccapca eppcop oppaije Do ecc. 

5'ollu cpiopo ua heochaib eppcop Conmaicne Do ecc. 

Concobap mac conallaig ui luinij Do gabail coipijeacca ceneil TDoen ~\ 
Domnall mac oomnaill in jaipmleabaij DO lonnapbab a maij iche i ninip 
eojain DO cum Donnchaba uf buibbiopma. Cenel moien i ccionn pdice 
japarh Do cup concobaip mic conallaij a coipijjeacc, i a ccfnnup DO cabaipc 
Do bomnall mac Domnaill ui gaipmleabaij. TTlumncep Dorhnaill .1. mac 
jiollu caec uf eDepla -| uf plannagain Do mapbab concobaip mic conallaij 
i ccoij Domnaill pfipin i meabail ap comaipce aipcmmj na hfpnaibe boi ma 
pappab an can pin. Ro lonnapbpac laparh cenel TTloain Domnall ua saipm- 

they were crossing the Togher, or causeway, the churches were burned by the Connacians 
where they would have. been defeated had not themselves, and that the English, who were five 
the son of Roderic assisted and guided them, hundred and forty in number, lost only three of 
They next proceeded directly to Oran-O'Clabby, their men ! "Rothericum vero Conactia prin- 
and passed the next night there, and on the cipem cum 3. exercitibus magnis in sylua qua- 
day following went on their retreat to Ath- dam prope Sinnenum obuium habens, inito 
league, where they were overtaken at the ford graui utrinq ; conflictu, demum tribus tantum 
by a party of Connacians, who made a vigorous satellitibus equestribus amissis, & interemptis 
attack upon them, and they did not know their hostium multis, Dubliniam indemnis euasit." 
losses until they were clear out of the province. * Colum Mac Lui\//t<l/n'<ic/i This is the Col- 
For this, and other previous offences, Murrough man, son of Lughaidh (of the race of Niall of the 
O'Conor, the. son of Roderic, had his eyes put Nine Hostages), whose festival is marked in the 
out by the Sil-Murray, with the consent of his Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, at the 2nd of 
father." Giraldus Cambrensis, in his account February. The Editor has not been able to 
of Milo de Cogan's excursion into Connaught discover this entry in any of the older annals. 
(Ilibernia Expugnata, lib. iLc. 17), asserts, that ' G 1 Loony The O'Loonys were afterwards 



I IT- 



ANN A l.S nl TIIK KIXCIHi.M OF IRELAND. 



87 



O'Muldory and tin- Kincl-Connell were defeated by Conor O'Carelluii in u 
batik, in whirh < > Sherry and many other distinguished men of the Kinel-Enda 
were slain. 

Donnell O'Hara, Lord of Leyny [in the now county of Sligo], died. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1178. 
Tfie Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred seventy-tight. 

The crozier of Columb Mac Luighdheach 1 openly conversed with its cleric. 

Donnell O'Fogarty, bishop of Ossory, died. 

Gilchreest O'Hoey, bishop of Conmaicne [Ardagh], died. 

Conor, the son of Conallagh O'Loony', assumed the chieftainship of Kinel- 
Moen 11 ; and Donnell, the son of Donnell O'Gormly", was banished from Moy 
I the into Inishowen, to Donough O'Duibhdhiorma". In three months after- 
wards, the Kinel-Moen deposed Conor, the son of Conallagh, and gave back 
the chieftainship to Donnell, the son of Donnell O'Gonnly. The people of 
Donnell OGormly, namely, Gilla Caech O'Ederla, and the O'Flanagans, trea- 
cherously slew O'Loony in Donnell's own house, even while he was under the 
protection of the Erenagh of Urney", who was with him at the time. Upon 
this the Kinel-Moen drove Donnell O'Gormly from the chieftainship, and set 



ilriv, n into the wild mountainous district of 
Muintir- Loony, in the north of the county of 
Tyrone. 

u Kinel-Moen The Kinel-Moen, or race, or 
descendants of Morn, tlir principal family of 
whom were the O'Gormlys, inhabited that tract 
now called the barony of Raphoe, which was 
thi-n a part of Tir Eoghain, or Tyrone. In 
aftt-r times this tribe was driven across the rivrr 
K.iyle by the O'Donnells, and their original 
country was added to Tirconnell. 

' CfOormly An old map of Ulster, preserved 
in the State Papers' Office, shews the country 
"t'o'Gonnly, who was originally the chief of 
Kinel-Moen, as extending from near Derry to 
Stratum.'. 



" O'Duibhdhiorma. The country of O'Duibh- 
dhiorma was called Bredach, and comprised the 
eastern half of Inishowen. This is to be distin- 
guished from the half cantred of Bredach in Tir- 
awley, in the county of Mayo, the patrimonial 
inheritance of O'Toghda, who was descended 
from Muireadhach, son of Fergus, son of Amh- 
algaidh, a quo Tirawley. O'Duibhdhiorma was 
of the Kinel-Owen, and his family had their 
tomb in the old church of Moville, near Lough 
Foyle. The name is still numerous in the ba- 
rony of Inishowen, but corruptly anglicised to 
Diarmid, and sometimes, but rarely, to Mac 
Dermot, though always pronounced O'OuiB- 
biapma by the natives when speaking Irish. 

* Urnfy, Gpnaio*, L e. Oratorium A parish 



[1178. 



Iea6ai5 a coipijeacc i cugpac RuaiDpi ua plairbfpcaij i ccfnnup popaib. 
TTleabal DO 6fnarh la cpib tnacaib ui plairbfpcaij pop cenel TTloain. Oorh- 
nall mac Domnaill ui jaipmleabaij Do rhapbaD leo, []] Uicchfpnan 
mac Rajnaill mic Domnaill -\ occap DO rhainb Cenel moam immaille ppm. 
Rajnall mac eacmapcai j uf cacdin Do rhapbaD la cenel moain a ccopac 
an cparhpaiD pin cona ma Diojail pibe Do pocaip galac ua lumij -| TTluip- 
ceapcac ua peacain, ~\ ap na Diojail beop Do ponaD in meabail pempaice 
pop cenel TTlodin. 

^aec mop ip in mbhaDain pi. T?o la piobap, Ro cpapccaip pailje. T?o 
cpapccaip Dona pe pichic cpann i nooipe colaim cille. 

lohn Do cuipc co na allmupchaib Do ceacc co macaipe Chonaille, Do 
ponpac oipccne ann. 6aDap oibce lonjpuipc i njlionn pije lapam. Do bfpr 



partly in the county of Tyrone, and partly in 
the county of Donegal, extending to the south 
of Lifford. 

1 (yFlaherty, in Irish Ua plairbfpcaij. 
This name is still common in the counties of 
Donegal, Derry, and Tyrone, but, by an aspi- 
ration of the initial p, is anglicised Laverty, and 
sometimes Lafferty. See note on O'Flainn, 
where a similar suppression of the initial p 
takes place in the modern anglicised form 
O'Lynn. 

z Derry- CdumbkiUe This passage is given 
in the Annals of Kilronan, as follows : " A. D. 
1178. 5 ao ^ aobal oo coijecc ip in mbliaoain 
pi, co po cpapcuip bloib vhoip oo coillcib 7 
o'piobaioib, 7 oo pailjib pa riiopa ppi lap, 7 
co cpapcaip pop pe picic palac, uel paulo 
plup, a nooipe colaim cille. 

" A.D. 1178. A great wind occurred in this 
year, which prostrated a great portion of the 
woods, forests, and great oaks, and prostrated 
among the rest six score oaks, eel paulo pint, in 
Roboreto Columboe Cille." 

The word pail, pl ur . pailje, signifies an oak 
tree. The oak wood of Derry-Columbkille, 
now Londonderry, is specially mentioned in 
O'Donnell's Life of Columbkille, as an object 



for which the saint had a peculiar venera- 
tion. 

* Macliaire Chonaille, i. e. the plain of Conaille 
Muirtheimhne, a territory comprising the level 
part of the present county of Louth, as appears 
from the ancient Lives of St Bridget and St. Mo- 
nenna, and from the Festilogy of Aengus, and 
other calendars, which place in this territory 
Ihe churches of Faughard, Iniskeen, Kill Uinche, 
and Druim Ineascluinn. This district retained 
the name of Machaire Chonaille in the seven- 
teenth century, as we learn from Archbishop 
Ussher, who, in his notices of St. Bridget and 
St. Monenna, has the following notice of tlu> 
territory : " Intra alterum autem a Dundalkia 
miliarium, in Louthiano Comitatu & territorio 
olirn Conayl-Murtltemni Caiii/m Murthemene 
(in quo Conaleorum gens maxime viget, de qua 
4' ipsa sanctissima Monenna procreata eet; ut 
habet in libri secundi Vitse illius initio Conchu- 
branus) hodie Maghcry-Conall dicto, posita est 
villa Fochard : quem locum tuitiritntis Briyidu 1 
virginit habitum fuisse, & in Vita Malachite 
notavit olim Bernardus, & hodierna totius vici- 
nife traditio Fochardam Brigidce earn appellantis 
etiam nunc confirmat." Primordia, pp. 705, 
706. The Conaleorum gens here mentioned 



1178.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINCDoM OF IRELAND. 



Bf 



up Ivory < )Tlaherty* as their chieftain : but tlie three sons of this O'Flaherty 
acted a treacherous part towards the Kinel-Moen; they -lew Doniiell, the son 
of Domicll O'Gormly, Ticrnan, the son of Randal Mac Donueli, and eight 
other gentlemen of the Kinel-Moen. Randal, the son of Eachmarcacli ( )'K:mr. 
had been slain by the Kind-MoiMi in the beginning of this summer, and in re- 
venge of this were slain Galagh O'Loony and Murtough O'Petan; and it was 
in revenge of this, moreover, the aforesaid act of treachery was committed 
against the Kinel-Moen. 

A violent wind-storm occurred in this year ; it caused a great destruction 
of trees. It prostrated oaks. It prostrated one hundred and twenty trees in 
Derry-Columbkille 1 . 

John De Courcy with his foreigners repaired to Machaire Conaille*, awl 
committed depredations there. They encamped for a night in Glenree b , where 



\v.-re the descendants of Conall Cearnach, the 
most distinguished of the heroes of the Red 
Branch in Ulster, who flourished early in the 
first century. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. 
c. 47. 

b In Gltnree, i njlionn pije, i. e. the vale of 
tin- River Righe. Giraldus Cambrensis, in his 
brief enumeration of the battles of De Courcy, 
in the sixteenth chapter of the second book of 
his Ilibernia Erjniffnata, calls this his fifth bat- 
tle, and says that he fought it at the bridge of 
Newry. In this he is right as to the place; but, 
it is quite evident from the older Irish Annals 
ilmt In- has transposed the order of the battles, 
tor lie was not in Ireland when De Courcy first 
invaded Ulster. Giraldus came first to Ireland 
in 1 1 83, and again in 1 1 85, as tutor to the Earl 
if Moreton, after\vnr<l> King John. The bridge 
.f .Vury well agrees with the Glenn Righe of 
tin- Irish Annals, for the river of Newry wasan- 
eieiitly e:illeil the Kighe, and the valley through 
whicli it flows bore the appellation of Glenn 
Kighe. Cimldus states that De Courcy was 
the victor in this battle: "Quintum apud Pon- 
teni luori in rcditu ab Anglia, unde tainen ad 
ietor evasit." But in the Annals of Ulster 



and Kilronan, and in the Dublin copy of the 
Annals of Ulster, it is emphatically stated that 
the English were dreadfully slaughtered here : 
Ro mebnio pop jallcnB 7 po cuipeo oepj 6p 
poppu. The number of the English slain on 
this occasion is not stated in the Annals of 
Ulster or Kilronan, but it is given in the Dub- 
lin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen as four 
hundred ; and it is added that the battle was 
fought at Newry, and that O'Hanvy, chief of 
Omeath, and one hundred of the Irish, were 
killed, and that Murrough O'Carroll, King of 
Oriel, and Rory Mac Donslevy O'Haughy 
(D'h-Gochaoa), were victors. The name Rory 
is, however, incorrect ; for, on the death of Don- 
nell, the grandson of Cahasagh, Cu-UUdh, the 
son of Conor, who was son of Donslevy, son of 
Eochaidh, became the ehief of the Dal-Fiatachx. 
The pedigree of this Cu-Uladh (i. e. dog of 
Ulidia) is given by Duald Mac Firbis in hi- 
genealogical work, p. 5 1 0. He was succeeded 
by Rory Mac Donslevy, who is introduced in 
the interpolated Annals of Innisfallen as the 
chieftain who opposed Sir John De Courcy at 
Down, in the first battle in 1 177. Dr. Hanmer, 
with that love of dull invention which distin- 



40 



[1178. 



ITlupcaD ua cfpbaill cicchfpna Oipgiall -] cu ulab mac Dumnplebe .1. l?f 
ulab puabaipc biobbab poppa jup po mapbab ~\ gup po bdbab ceicpi ceo 
co leic Dfob. Uopcpacap ceD Do na gaoibealaib i ppiocjuin an caca im 
ua nainpper cijeapna ua meic maca. 

Uainic lohn Do cuipc lap ccpioll Do opccam Dal apaibe -| uib Uuiprpe. 
Cucc Dona cumibe ua plainn cicchfpna ua ccuipcpe -] pfp If Deabaib uoporh 



guished him, metamorphoses this Rory Mac 
Donslevy into Roderic O'Conor, Monarch of 
Ireland. 

The exact situation of the valley of Glenree 
had never been known to any Irish historical or 
topographical writer in modern times, till it was 
identified by the Editor of this work when em- 
ployed on the Ordnance Survey in 1 834. Keating, 
Duald MacFirbis, O'Flaherty, and all the ancient 
Bardic writers of the history of Ireland, state 
that the three Collas, who formed the territory 
of Oriel, deprived the Ultonians of that portion 
of their kingdom extending from Gleann Righe, 
and Loch n-Eathach, westwards. The general- 
opinion was, that the territory of Oirghiall, or 
Oriel, comprised the present counties of Louth, 
Armagh, and Monaghan, and that Uladh or 
Ulidia, the circumscribed territory of the an- 
cient Clanna Rury, was, when formed into shire- 
ground, styled the county of Down, from Down, 
its principal town. This having been established, 
the Editor, during his examination of the ancient 
topography of Ulster, was led to look for Glenree 
somewhere on the boundary between the coun- 
ties of Armagh and Down ; and accordingly, on 
examining the documents, he found that, on an 
ancient map of the country lying between 
Lough Erne and Dundalk, preserved in the 
State Papers' Office, the vale of the Newry River 
is called " Glenree," and the river itself " Oteen 
Gknree Jluviut." He also found that in the 
Ulster Inquisitions the remarkable place near 
Newry called Fathom, is denominated Glenree 
Magafiec. Oriel, or Oirghialla, anciently ex- 



tended from this Glenree to Lough Erne, and 
comprised the counties of Louth, Armagh, Mo- 
naghan, and in later ages the whole of the 
county of Fermanagh, as we learn from O'Du- 
gan, who, in his togographical poem, places 
Tooraah, the country of O'Flanagan, in the 
north-west of Fermanagh ; Lurg, the country 
of O'Muldoon, in the north of the same county ; 
and the entire of Maguire's country in it. That 
the county of Fermanagh was considered a part 
of Oriel, at least since the Maguires got po- 
sion of it, is further corroborated by the fact, that 
throughout these Annals Maguire is called the 
pillar and prop of the Oriels. It is stated in a 
manuscript in Trinity College, Dublin (H. 3. 18. 
p. 783), that the boundary between Oriel and 
Ulidia, or the Clann Colla and Clanna Rury, 
or ancient Ultonians, was made in the wi^t side 
of Glenree from Newry upwards, and that the 
Clanna Rury never extended their territory be- 
yond it. This boundary, which consists of a 
fosse and rampart of great extent, still remains 
in some places in tolerable preservation, and is 
called by the strange name of the Danes' ( 
in English, and 5^ eann "" muice ouibe, i. c. 
Valley ofl/tc Blitxk Pig, in Irish. For a minute 
description of this ancient boundary the reader 
is referred to Stuart's Hatorical Memoirs <if th? 
City of Annagh, Appendix, No. III., pp. 585, 
586. 

r lli/-Mritlt M/icfia. Now the barony of M<>- 
naghan, in the county ofMonagfaan. Thi> \\a> 
otherwise called Hy-Mcith Tire, to distinguish 
it from Ily-Meith Mara, now Omeath, a moun- 



1178.] 



ANN.M.S OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 



41 



< >'(';i!Toll, Lord of Oriel, and ('nolcy Mac Donslevy, King of Ulidia. 
madi- ;i hostile attack ii|><>n them, and drowned and otherwise killed four hun- 
dred and fifty <>f tin-in. One hundred <>f the Irish, together with O'Hanvy, 
,,f Ily-Mt-itli Macha c , fell in the heat of the battle. 

DC ( 'mircy soon after proceeded to plunder Dalaradia and liy-Tuirtre; 
CUUM-C ( Flynn, Lord of Hy-Tuirtre and Firlee*, gave battle to him and 



tainous district lying between Carlingford and 
Newry, in the county of Louth. This is evident 
from the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, published 
by Colgan, and from the Irish Calendars, which 
place in it the churches of Tehallan, Tullycorbet, 
and Kilmore, all situated in the present barony 
of Monaghan ; and the former authority states 
that the place called Omna lienne was on the 
boundary between it and Crich Mughdhorn, now 
the barony of Cremourne, in the county of Mo- 
naglmn. For the descent of the Hy-Meith, see 
('Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 76; and Duald 
Mac Firbis's Pedigrees. Harris is totally incor- 
rect in his account of the situation of the dis- 
tricts called Hy-Meith See his edition of Ware, 
vol. ii. p. 51. 

d J-'irli'e, pip 1 1. n triln- and territory situated 
mi tin- Biinn, in the county of Antrim. Oyyyia, 
part iii. c. 7'i- Set- unto under the year 1176. 
(Jinildus Cambremuti writes this name /'(//'/. 
anil states that l)e Courey fought his third battle 
lii-i'e. where he lost all his men except eleven. 
1 1 1 - words are : " Tertium erat apud Ferly in 
1'ra-daj cuptioue, vbi ob arctam vite transitum 
I- -i graues tandem congressus & anxios : sic 
pars lohannis victa succubuit, aliis interemptis, 
uliis per neiuora <lis|iersis, vt vix lolianni 11. 
militia Mi]HTStitcs atlhtesissent. Ipsc vero vir- 
tuti- inuicta" cum tantilla suorum paucitate 
per :(o. milliuria sc ab host iii mill tit inline con- 
tinue defendendo, equis amissis omnibus vsq; ad 
nun suum duobus diebus & noctibus, ieiu- 
nii, armuti peilite-, iniiv eonatu memoriuq; dig- 
iii-Minoeuasciiait." lltber.Ejr{><i<iniita, l.ii.c.UJ. 



It may be curious to remark here, as an e.\ 
ample of the manner in which Irish history has 
been manufactured by English writers, how Dr. 
llanmer changes the Ferly of Cambrensis into 
Ferny ; and attempts by the sheer force of 
impudence to break down his evidence in this 
instance. He says that Cambrensis lightly 
" overskippcd the achievements of De Courcy, 
partly upon private grudge, for that Sir John 
De Courcy allowed him not for Vicar-general 1 
in Ireland, and secretary to the state ; yet that 
the certainty of his exploits hath been preserved, 
and in Latine, committed to paper by a Fryer 
in the North, the which booke Oneil brought 
to Armagh, and was translated into English by 
[George] Dowdall, Primate there Anno 1551." 
It', however, the account which llanmer p. 
of this battle, in direct opposition to Giraldus 
and the Irish Annals, has been taken from this 
book, it would appear to be a work compiled at 
a comparatively modern period, and perhaps first 
written in Latin on paper as he states, llaiinu-r 
(or his author) not knowing the situation of 
Ferly, found no difficulty in changing the name 
to Ferny, a well-known territory in Oriel, in 
which the Mac Mahons were noted rebels in 
Hunmcr's time ; and takes occasion to introduce 
Sir John De Courcy in 1 178, as fighting against 
the rebel Mac Muliun. Now it is worthy of re- 
mark here that Hanmer's cotemporary, Spcn 
writes that Mac Mahon was of English descent, 
and that the first of them, an Englishman, named 
Filz-Ursula, came to Ireland with his relati\e 
Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford [1385], and de- 



42 



[1178. 



co na jallaib ipuibe. l?o meabaib poppa. Ro cnip a nap cpia rmopbailib 
pacpaic, coluim cille ~\ bpenainn. Ocup ceapna lohn pem ap eccm ap co 
cpeaccnaighre co painic co hoc [cliar]. 

Conpcapla pij Sa;ran i nac cliac (.1. hugo), ~\ i naiprfp mibe co na 
j-ocpaioe Do cocc 50 cluam mic noip. T?o aipspfo anbaile acr na cempaill 
1 ncche an eappcoip. Oo pome Dia -| ciapdn miopbaile poillpi poppa, urnp 
m po cumamjpfo cararh no cionabpab Do bfnarh gup po elaibpfo a cuipp 
cluana apabapac. 

Qbann na gaillme Do cpacchab ppi pe laice aicfnca. Na huile aibme 
po baibiD innce 6 cen co na hiapcc DO cionol la luce an Duin i an npi i 
ccoiccinne. 



generating into a wild Irishman, changed his 
name to Mac Mahon, which is a translation of 
Fitz-Ursula, or son of the bear. Both stories 
were evidently invented to turn them to account 
against the Mac Mahons of Ferny and Oriel who 
were then very troublesome to the government. 
But it is well known that the Mac Mahons were 
not chiefs of Oriel, or Uriel, in De Courcy's time, 
for it appears, from the concurrent testimony of 
all the Irish annals, that O'Carroll was then king 
or chief lord of Oriel, and that the Mac Muhons, 
who are a collateral branch of the O'Carrulls, 
were not heard of as chiefs of Oriel for some 
tune after De Courcy's disappearance from Irish 
history in 1205. Hanmer manufactures the 
story as follows, and his version of it is gravely 
quoted as true history by Cox, Leland, Ledwich, 
and Stuart, who were not able to detect the for- 
gery, but each echoing the tale of his prede- 
cessor : 

" The third battaile that Sir John De Courcy 
fought was in Ferny, against eleven thousand 
Irishmen : the occasion was thus, Courcy had 
builded many Castles throughout Vlster, and 
especially in Ferny [recte Ferly], where Mac 
Mahon [recte O'Lyn] dwelled ; this Mac Malitin 
[recte O'Lyn] with solemn protestations vowed 
to become a true and faithful subject, gave 



Courcy many gifts, and made him his Goship, 
which is a league of amitie highly esteemed in 
Ireland. Whereupon Courcy gave him two 
Castles, with their demesnes, to hold of him. 
Within one month after, this Mac Ma/ton [/<</< 
O'Lyn], returning to his vomit, brake downe 
the Castles, and made them even with tin: 
ground. Sir John De Courcy sent unto him 
to know the cause that moved him to fall to 
this villanie: his answer was, that IK- promised 
not to hold stones of him, but the hind, and that 
it was contrary to his nature to couche himself 
within cold stones, the woods being so nigh, 
where he might better warme himself, with 
'other slender and scornefull answers." He then 
goes on to give a detailed account of a prey 
taken, and a battle fought, in which, of tin- 
eleven thousand Irishmen, only two hundred 
escaped with their lives. But the Doctor is 
obliged to confess that there was a totally dif- 
ferent account of this battle (alluding to that 
already qtioted from Cambrensis), which, how- 
ever, he feels inclined not to believe : " There 
are," he says, " some out of the schoole of envy, 
with grace to disgrace Courcy, that report the 
story otherwise, which deliver not wherein he 
was to be honoured, but wherein he was foiled, 
fortuna de la guerra ; that he was driven, with 



1178 



ANNALS OF TIM-: KIXdH'M OF IUKI.AND. 



43 



his foreigner^, and dd'entrd them with great slaughter, through the miracles of 
Patrick, Cohunbkillc, and liivndun ; and John himself escaped with difficulty, 
being severely wounded, and fled to Dublin'. 

The Constable of the King of England in Dublin and East Meath (namely, 
Hugo) marched with his forces to Clonmacnoise, and plundered all the 
town, except the churches and the bishop's houses. God and Kieran wrought 
a manifest miracle against them, for they were unable to rest or sleep, until 
they had secretly absconded from Cuirr Cluana on the next day. 

The River Galliv (Galway) was dried up for a period of a natural day'; all 
the articles that had been lost in it from remotest times, as well as its fish, were 
collected by the inhabitants of the fortress, and by the people of the country in 
general. 



. 1. VITI persons in arnies, to truvaile a foote some 
30. miles, for the space of two dayes, the enemy 
still pursuing (the which they lay not downe), 
all fasting without any ivlirf, till he came to an 
OLD Castle of his owne, which savoureth not 
altogether of truth, but forwards with the his- 
tory." Iliinmer't Chronide, DubL edit. 1809, 
p. 309. 

* Dublin, or clior. The latter part of this 
name is destroyed in the autograph original ; but 
is here restored from Maurice Gorman's copy, 
which had been made from the autograph before 
the edge of the paper was worn away. The place 
to which De Courcy fled on this occasion is not 
mentioned in the Annals of Ulster or those of 
K Unman, or in the Dublin or Bodleian copy of 
the Annals of Innisfallen ; and it is highly pro- 
bable that lie lied to Downpatrick'not to Dublin. 

Under this year the Dublin copy of the An- 
nals of Ulster has a brief notice of an attack 
made u|>n .lohn De Courcy in the territory of 
Cuailgne, which is not in any of the other An- 
na!-. umliT tliis or any other year, except the 
Dublin copy f the Annals of Innisfallen, in 
which it is entered under the year 1180, as fol- 
lows : 

"A.I). 1180 John De Courcy plundered 

O 



Machaire Chonaille, and Cuailgne, and took a 
prey of a thousand cows ; but Murrough U'Car- 
roll, King of Oriel; Mulrony O'Boylan, Chief of 
Dartry ; and Gillapatrick O'l lanvy. Chief of 
Mugdorna [Cremourne], pursued and overtook 
them : a battle ensued, in which the English 
were routed, and deprived of the prey ; and 
John De Courcy betook himself for shelter to 
the castle of Skreen-ColumbkUle, which he him- 
self had built" 

1 1 tinnier gives a strange version of this excur- 
sion, evidently from the Book of Howth, which 
is a collection of traditional stories, written by 
an Anglo-Irish Romancer in the fifteenth or x- 
teenth century. 

f Natural day, laice aiceanca The word 
cucneo is used in ancient Irish writings to de- 
note nature, and aiceanca, natural O'Flaherty, 
in his Account of lar-Connaught (printed for 
the Archaeological Society), notices this occur- 
rence as follows, from which it will be seen that 
he had other Annals besides those of the Four 
Masters : " There is an island, where the river 
issues from the hike, now called Olen na 
mbrahar. or the Fryars Isle, but anciently Olen 
na gclereagh, i. e. the Clergy's Isle ; for the Irish 
Annals mention that, anno 1 178, from midnight 



11 



[1178. 



TTlaiDm pia nape ua maoitechlamn, -| pia nmb pailje, -] pia njjallaib 
pop oelbna earpa, -| pop TTlhaoileachlainn mbfcc, ] pop Dpeim Do pfpaib 
rfrhba ou in po mapbaD TTluipeaDhac mac an cpionnaigh. 

Ctob ua plaicbfpcaiji; cicchfpna mpraip Connacc DO ecc i neanach Duin. 

Qrhalgaib mag arhalgait) oo mapbaD la piol nanmchaoha. 

TTlaelpeclainn bfcc ua. maoileclamn Do gabdil nje pop Qpc ua maoi- 
leaclamn, -] Qpc Do ceapnub ap, -\ plann mac meg amalgam caoipeac 
calpaie Do mapbaD ann la TTlaelpeclainn. 



to noon Galway river became dry from Clergy 
Isle to the sea; and much fish, and goods long 
afore drowned therein, found by the people of 
the town." pp. 28, 29. See note under the 
year 1191. 

* Ojfaly, Ui puilje This was originally a 

very extensive territory in Leinster, and the 
principality of the O'Conors Faly. Before the 
English invasion it comprised the present ba- 
ronies of eastern and western Ophaly, in the 
County of Kildare, those of upper and lower 
Philipstown, and those of Geshil, Warrenstown, 
and Coolestown, in the King's County, as well 
as those of Portuahinch and Tinnahiuch, in the 
Queen's County. Shortly after the English in- 
vasion, however, the Fitzgeralds of Kiidare 
wrested from O'Conor Faly and his correlatives 
that portion of his original territory of Ui 
Failghe comprised within the present county of 
Kildare, and now called the baronies of eastern 
and western Ophaly. There were then two 
Ophalys formed out of the ancient Ui Failghe, 
namely, the English Ophaly, in the county of 
Kildare, giving the title of baron to a branch of 
the Fitzgeralds; and the Irish Ui Failghe, ex- 
tending into the present King's and Queen's 
Counties, as already specified, and giving the 
Irish title of King of Ui Failghe to O'Conor 
Faly, the supposed senior representative of Rosa 
Failghe, thu eldest son of Cathaoir Mor, monarch 
of Ireland in the second century. See O'Flu- 
herty's Oyygia, part iii. c. 59, and an old map 



of the territories of Leix and Ophaly, made in 
the reign of Philip and Mary, the original of 
which on vellum is now preserved in the Bri- 
tish Museum, and copies in the MS. Library of 
Trinity College, Dublin, and at the Ordnance 
Survey Office, Phojuix Park, Dublin. See note 
on Clann Maoilughra, or Clanmaliere, under the 
year 1193- 

h DeaJbhna Eathra, called Dculbhim Mcir 
Cochlain in these Annals, at the years 1572 and 
1601. This territory comprised the entire of 
the present barony of Garrycastle in the King's 
County, except the parish of Lusmagli, which 
belonged to Sil Anmchadha, or O'Maddcn's 
country, and which is still a part of the dim 
of Clonfert. See Colgan's Ada Sanctorum. 
p. 132, col. 2; Keating, in the reign of Xiall 
Cailne ; O'Flaherty's Offi/ffia, part iii. c. 82 ; 
and De Burgo's llibernia Dominicaua, pp. 305, 
306. 

' Annadown, 6unach t)um, an ancient cathe- 
dral on the margin of Lough Corrib, in the 
barony of Cla're, and county of Galway. Si , 
note f , infra, A. D. 117!*. 

k Sil- Anmchadha^ This was the tribe name 
of the O'Macldeus, and was also applied to theii 
country, which in latter ages oomprued tin- 
barony of Longford in the county of Galway, 
and the parish of Lusmagli in the King's d unity, 
on the ra-t >ide of the Shannon. See Tribes 
and Customs oflly-Many, published by the Irish 
Arrhu-ologieul Sudc-ty in 1MU. p. 119, note". 



1178 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIMIDO.M OF IRELAND 



A victory was ^ainnl by Art O'Melaghlin, the people of Offaly 1 , and the 
ViT tin- people of Delvin Eathra h and Melaghlin Beg, and a party of 
tin- men of Trllia; in the battle, Murray, the son of the Sinnagh (the Fox), 
was slain. 

Hugh O'FlalnTtv, Lord of West Connaught, died at Annadown'. 

A \vley Mac Avvley was killed by the Sil-Amiichadha k . 

Mrhighlin lieg O'Melaghlin took the house of Art O'Melaghlin, who made 
his escape out of it; but Flann, the son of Mac Awley 1 , chief of Calry, was killed 
by Mrla-hlin m 



1 Mnr. Aidey. He was the chief of Calry an 
elwla, which comprised the parish of Ballylough- 
loe, in the county of VVestmeath. 

m The Bodleian copy of the Annals of Innis- 
liill.'ii lias the following brief notice of the trans- 
'iis of the English in Munster, which is 
iitnitted by the Four Musters: A. D. 1178. 
Copcach oo mpiuo la mac mic OomnuiU 
ua Capchaij 7 la jgallaio jlapa. popbaip la 
Illilio Cocain 7 la lilac Scemm i Copcaij. 
Cupup la biitiin oib 550 h-Qchao oa eo, 50 po 
buoap oa la, 7 ou eochi mnci, 7 appm 50 
Copcaij apip boib. lap pin ooib fip ammup 
puipcluip^e j;o po chinolpacap na 5 aeo| l 
cucu illuiiuipoe Up mop, 50 po mapbaic ule 
pent. 

" A. 1>. 1178. Cork was plundered by the 
grandson of Donnell, who was the grandson of 
Carthach and the green Galls. Cork was be- 
. i>\ Mil, i Cogan and Fitz Stephen. A 
jiiirt.y "1" their people made an > excursion to 
Airlmdoe, where they remained two days and 
uvn nights, and then returned again to Cork. 
After thi> they went towards Waterford ; but 
tin- lri^ll Lrathered against them at the hill uf 
LiMimrr, and nearly killed them all." 

I'lnler this year also the same Annals record a 

i:iting war between the Irish inhabitants of 

Thomood uml I le-iunnd. (luring which the whole 

i-<niiitry rxtriiclinLr I'roui Limerick to Cork, and 

I nun tlie pluiu of D,-rrvinore, neur lioscreu, to 



Brandon Hill, in Kerry, was desolated. In the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen it is 
stated, that during this war several of the Euge- 
niau septs fled from their original territories. 
"A.D. 1178. There was a very great war be- 
tween the O'Briens and Mac Carthye, go that 
they desolated the entire country from Limerick 
to Cork, and from the plain of Derrymore to 
Brandon Hill, and the greater part of the race 
of Eoghan fled to the woods of Ivahagh, south 
of the River Lee, and others to Kerry and Tho- 
tnond. On this occasion the Hy-Conaill Gabhra 
and the Hy-Donovane fled southwards over the 
Mangartan mountain.' 1 

Dr. O'Brien, in his History of the House of 
O'Urinn. published by Vallancey, in his own 
name, in the first volume of the Collectanea de 
Rebut tlibernieit, thus very correctly paraphrases 
this passage. "A.D. 1178. Donal O'Brien, at 
the head of the entire Dal Cassian tribe, greatly 
distressed and reduced all the Eugcnians, laid 
waste their country with fire and sword, and 
obliged the dispersed Eugenians to seek t'-r 
shelter in the woods and fastnesses of Ive 
Eachach, on the south side of the Lee. In this 
expedition they routed the O' Donovans of Ive- 
Figeinte, or Cairbre Aodhbha, in the county 
of Limerick, and the O'Collins of Ive-Conaill 
Gabhra, or Lower Connallo in said county, be- 
yond the mountain of Mangcrton, to the west- 
ern parts of the county of Cork : here these 



46 



[1170. 



QO1S CR1OSD 1179. 
Qoip Cpiopo mile, ceo, peaccmojar, a naoi. 

Cuacal ua Connachcaig eppcop cipe bpiuin colmdn ua pcannldin aip- 
anneac cluana, giollu Dorhnaij ua popanndm aipcinneac apoa ppacha, -j 
TTlaelmaipe mac giollu colmain Secnap apoa ppaca DO ecc. 



two exiled Eugenian families, being powerfully 
assisted by the O'Mahonys, made new settle- 
ments for themselves in the ancient properties 
of the O'Donoghues, O'Learies, and O'Driscolls, 
to which three families the O'Mahonys were 
always declared enemies, to the borders of 
Lough Leane, where Auliff Mor O'Donoghue, 
surnamed Cuimsinach, had made some settle- 
ments before this epoch." See note under the 
year 1200. 

The territory of Hy-Figeinte, here referred 
to by Dr. O'Brien, derived its name from the 
descendants of Fiacha Figeinte, son of Daire 
Cearb, who was the son of Oilioll Flannbeg, 
King of Munster, in the latter part of the third 
century, and comprised the barony of Coshma, 
and all that portion of the present county of 
Limerick lying to the west of the River Maigue. 
Its situation is thus described in the Life of St. 
Molua, who was descended from Fiacha Fidh- 
geinte : " Et venit [Molua] ad Mumeniatn, et 
lustravit patriam suam, .i. Nepotes Fidgenti, 
qua; gens est in medio Mumenie, a media planicie 
Mumenie usque ad medium Montis Luachra in 
occidente ad australem plagam fluminis Synna." 
Vitce S. Maine, Abbatis et Confessoris, as in the 
Codex Killkenniensis in Marshe's Library, v. 3. 
14. F. 135. In a MS. in Trinity College, Dub- 
lin, H. 3. 17. p. 748, it is described thus : hip 
i cpich hua Piojfmoce o tuachaip 6pum co 
6 P U P'& 7 &P U P'5 co &uai|\ " The country 
of the Hy-Fidgeinnte is fromLuachair Bruin to 
Bruree, and from Brurec to Buais." Keating 
describes this territory as the plain of the county 



of Limerick : Ui Piojeince pe paiDriop clap 

Conrae luimmj aniu History of Ireland ; 

Reign of Diarmaid Mac Ceirbheoil and Conall 
Caol. O'Flaherty has the following notice of it 
in his Ogygia, pp. 380, 381 : " Anno 366. Crim- 
thannus filius Fidachi Heberio e semine Achaio 
Mogmedonio sororio suo Temorise extremum 
diem quiete claudenti substituitur Rex Hiber- 
nise annis tredecim. Transmarinis expeditio- 
nibus in Gtallia, et Britannia memorabilis erat : 
uxorem habuit Fidengam e regio Connactia; 
stemnate, sed nullam sobolem reliquit. 

" Crimthanni regis abavus Fiachus latus ver- 
tex rex Momonies duos Olillos genuit Flannmor 
et Flannbeg cognominibus distinctos. Olillus 
Flannmor rex Momonise sobolis expers Olillum 
Flannbeg fratrem adoptavit. Olillo Flannbeg 
regi Momoniee superant Achaius rex Momoniw, 
Darius Kearb, ex quo O'Donnowan, Lugaduis 
et Eugenius. 

" Darius Kearb prater Fidachum Crimthanni 
regis, et Mongfinnse reginae Hibernije patrcm 
genuit Fiachum Figente, et Achaium Liatha- 
nach, ex quo Hy-Liathan in agro Corcagiensi. 
Fiacho Figente nomen et originem debet Hy- 
Figenta regio olim variis principibus Celebris 
in media Momonise planicie usque ad medium 
montis Luachra in Kierrigia ad australem Si- 
nanni fluminis ripam ; licet liodie hoc nomine 
vix nota, sed Limericensis comitatus planities 
appellata." 

Nothing has yet been discovered to prove 
whether the O'Donovans ever returned to their 
original territory of Cairbre Aobhdlia, in the 



1179-] 



\NNALS OF TIIK K1N(,D(>M <)F 1IIELAND. 



IT 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1179. 
The Aye of Christ, one tiiowand one huit-li- '/-nine. 

Tiiiithal O'Connaghty, Bishop of Tir-Briuin"; Colman O'Scanlan, Erenagh 
iii' Cliiyne; (iilladowny O'Forannan, Erenagh of Ardstraw; and Mulmurry 
Mm- (Jillacolwn, s(.-achnab p (prior) of Ardstraw, died. 



present county of Limerick, after this expul- 
sion. It ia stated in Lewis's Topograghical Dic- 
tionary, under the article Croom, that Derraot 
O' Donovan was possessed of the territory of 
Coshma in the reign of King John, when he 
built the Castle of Croom on the River Maigue; 
but tin- I-M i tor has not been able to discover 
uny original or trustworthy authority for this 
statement It would appear, however, that all 
the Clann-Donovan were not driven out of 
Cairbre Aobhdha in 1 1 78, as the name has been 
vi-ry common in many parts of the county of 
Limerick, particularly the parish of Kilmoylan ; 
and in the year 1551, John Done van, Rector of 
iVrrygallavan, in the diocese of Limerick, ob- 
tained a grant of denlzation (Inrolled 5 Edw. 

VI. f. r. 19.) 

" Bithop of Tir-Briuin There were many 
territories in Ireland called Tir Briuin and Hy- 
liriuio, as Tir Briuin na Sinuo, Hy-Briuin 
ii.. lly-llriuin Seola, &c. Sir James Ware 
Mii'iition-. :i Tiiiitlial < >'Commohtaigh, Bishop of 
llua mhriuin, which he explains by Enaghdune, 
as attending at the Council of Kells in 1152, 
who would appear to be the same whose death is 
hi'iv ivcm-ilnl, fur Knaghdune was the capital of 
tin- Ily-I5riiiin S,.,ilo, or O'Flahertys, and their 
correlatives. See Ussher's Primordia, p. 955. 
KixWic O'Flsih.Tty, in his account of the terri- 
tory of Inr-Connaught, states that the cathedral 
of the seigniory of the O'Flahertys was "Enagh- 
dun, dedicated to St. lircudan, the 16th of May, 
Amiti ( ],n~ti .'iTT. ilirn- deceased, in the ban my 
"i' I'lurr. on the brink of Lough Orbsen." But 



that " in the time of MalachUt Mac Aodha, of 
West Conuaught extraction, archbishope of 
Tuam [ab an. 1313, ad ami. 1348], after a long 
debate for many years before and in his time, 
the rat hed rail of Enaghdun was, anno 1321, 
united to the see of Tuam, by the finall decision 
of Pope John the Twenty-second." Duald Mac 
Firbis states, in his Genealogical work, that 
Aodh, the son of Eochaidh Tirmcharna, was tlu> 
first that granted Eanach Duin to God and St. 
Brendan. 

Ere>iatj/i, dipcmneac. This term is ex- 
plained as follows in Corraac's Glossary : uip- 
cinoech .1. apcenoach, ajicop x;pece, e;ccelpup 
lacine oicicup. Qipcmoecli Din .1. epceno oj, 
.1. uapal-ceno comlan. " Airchindech, i. r. 
arcendach, archo* Grece fzceUtit Latine dicitur. 
Airchindech then, i. e. erchend ogk, i. e. a noble 
perfect head." In the LeaMar Breac, fol. 76, a, b, 
the term is used to denote a president or super- 
intendent, and is applied to Satan, who is styled 
" Airehinnech of hell and prince of death," mp- 
cinoech ipppn 7 cafpech in Baip. The Jir-t 
mention made of this office in these Annals oc- 
curs at the year 788. Thus Doimreach, aip- 
cinoeach Cpepoio moip, becc, L e. " Doimh- 
theach, airchinneach of the great Trevet, died." 
From tliis period forward, however, all the an- 
nalists frequently mention this office. Ussher, 
in his Treatise on Corbes, Herenachs, and Ter- 
mon Lands, published in the second Number of 
Vallancey's Collectanea, asserts that the office of 
I! ivnach and Archdeacon was the same; and 
Connell Mageoghegan, in his Translation of flu- 



48 dNNata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [ii:<). 

GpD maca Dolopccab eccip cemplaib -| pecclfpaib ace pecclfp bpicchDe 
1 ceampall na ppfpca namat. 

Cealla cipe heogam o pleb buD Dfp DO poltnujab cpe coccab, -| corh- 
puachab, cepce, ~\ DocmacaiD. 

Ua puabacdn cicchfpna ua neachoac DO ecc DO galop cpi noibci lap na 
innnapbab cpe pdpuccab canoine pacpaicc Do gap poirhe. 

816 DO bfnam Do bonnchab ua caipeallain -] Do cloinn nDiapmaoa uile 
la cenel TTloen -\ la hua njaipmleabaijj, arhlaib mac mfnman Dfpbparaip 
pioe mna an Donnchaib pempaice. 6a hann po naibrnpfo a pib pe apoile 
i ceampall apDa ppara po mionnaib na heaccailpe fpm, Domnaig moip -j 
na hfpnaibe. Cainic Dona ua gaipmleabaij .1. amlaoib ap na mapac Do 
cuinjeab cuilleab plcrna co ceac DonncaiD ui caipeallain l?o mapbab pom 
po cfooip ap lap an aipeachca a noopup an cighe i ppiabnaipi a nfpbpea- 
rop .1. bfn Donncaba. Ro mapbab beop cpiup Dia mumncfp i maille ppipp 
.1. cionafb mac aipc ui bpacdin, -j mac jiollu cpiopD mec copbmaic mec 
peoodin .1. Dfpb comalca Donncaib ui caipeallain. 

CtpDppaca Oomnac mop an Gapnaibe ************** 
DO polmujab la pfpaib maijhe hiche. 

Annals of Clonmacnoise, always renders aipcm- founded the church, and called it by the name 

nech by archdeacon. In this, however, it is of that saint, and then gave the land to some 

more than probable that both Ussher and Ma- clerke, not being in orders, and to his heires for 

geoghegan are mistaken. The annalists have ever ; with this intent, that he should keep tin- 

another term to express the office of archdeacon, church clean and well repaired, keep hospitality, 

and it is quite certain that the archdeacon was and give almes to the poore, for the soul's health 

always in holy orders, whereas the airchinnech of the founder. This man and his heires had 

was always a layman, or at least one who had the name of Erenach. The Erenach was also to 

merely received primam tonsuram. The origin make a weekly commemoration of the founder 

and duties of the office of Herenach are stated in the church ; lie had always jn-immn tntifimnn. 

as follows by Sir John Davies, in his letter but took no other orders. He had a voice in 

to the Earl of Salisbury : " For the Erenach : the chapter, when they consulted about their 

There are few parishes of any compass or extent revenues, and paid a certaine yearly rent to the 

where there is not an Erenach, which, being an Bishop, besides a fine upon the marriage of every 

office of the Church, took beginning in this man- of his daughters, which they call a Loughinipy ; 

ner : when any lord or gentleman had a direc- he gave a subsidy to the Bishop nt his first en- 

tion to build a church, he did first dedicate some trance into the bishoprick, the certain! v of all 

good portion of land to some saint or other, which duties appears in the Bishop's Regii-tn- ; 

whom he chose to be his patron ; then he and these duties grew unto the Bishop, first l>e- 



[179-3 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKLAND. 






Armagh was burned, as well churches as reglese8 q , excepting only Regies 
Brighde and Teampull na bh-Fearta. 

The churches of Tyrone, from the mountain southwards, were left desolaU-. 
in consequence of war and intestine commotion, famine, and distress. 

( > Rogan, Lord of Iveagh, died of three nights' sickness, shortly after he 
had been expelled for violating the Canoin-Phatruig'. 

A peace was concluded by Donough O'Carellan and all the Clandermot 
witli the Kinel-Moen and O'Gormly (i. e. Auliffe, the son of Menman, brother- 
in-law of the aforesaid Donough). This peace was concluded between them 
hi the church of Ardstraw, upon the relics of that church and those of Donagh- 
more and Urney. On the following day, O'Gormly (Aulifie) repaired to the 
house of Donough O'Carellan to demand further guarantees, but was killed 
in the middle of the meeting, in the doorway of the house, in the presence of 
his own sister, the wife of Donough. Three of his people were also killed 
along with him ; namely, Kenny, son of Art O'Bracan ; the son of Gilchreest, 
son of Cormac Mac Reodan, the foster-brother of Donough O'Carellan'. 

Ardstraw', Donaghmore, Urney, *********** were 
desolated by the men of Magh Ithe. 



cause the Erenach could not be created, nor the 
church dedicated without the consent of the 
Bishop." 

P SearA nab. At the year 1089 of these An- 
nals, Seachnab is explained by Prior: in Cor- 
mac's Glossary it is explained tecuntittt abbot, 
i e. vice abbot. The Irish word peach has the 
same signification in compound words as the 
English vice, in ticepresideiit, viceroy, vicere- 
geiU, 

* RegUt seems to have been abbreviated from 
the Latin Regular!* ecrletia, and means a church 
belonging to the regular, not the secular clergy, 
i 'Flaherty says it is an ecclesiastical word of no 
great antiquity in the Irish language 0>iyyia, 
p. HI. 

' Canoin-Phatruio. is the old name of the 
ancient manuscript book of the Gospels, com- 
monly called the Book of Armagh. See a de- 



scription of this manuscript written by the fa- 
mous Antiquary Lhuyd, and published by Dr. 
O'Conor in his Rerum Ilibernicarum Scriptorei, 
vol. L Epitt, Nunc. pp. Ivii, Iviii, and reprinted, 
with an English translation, by Sir William 
Betham, in his Antiquarian Researches, and in 
the original Latin in Petrie's Essay on the Bound 
Towers of Ireland, pp. 329, 330. 

O'CWfan. This passage shews that O'Ca- 
rellan, Chief of the Clandermot, had seized upon 
that part of Moy-Ithe, O'Gormly's country, in 
which Donaghmore-Moy-Ith* was situated. 

1 Anhtrutr, 6po [fiora, an ancient church in 
Tyrone, formerly the head of a bishop's see, of 
which Bishop Eoghan, or Eugenius was patron, 
whose festival was annually celebrated there on 
the 23rd of August, as was that of Bishop 
Coibhdhenach on the 26th of November. See 
the /Wire dengua, and Irish Calendar of the 



II 



50 



[USD. 



Coicc cije ap ceo Do lopccab In ccluain mic noip hi ppojail. 

Cluam pfpca bpfnamn co na cfmplaib Do lopccab. 

Corpa, apopeapca bpenamn, Caipiol, cuami Da jualann, Dipfpc ceatlaij, 
ceallmfboin ~\ balla, laiopiDhe DO lopccab uile. 

TTlaelpeaclamn ua maoilmiaDaijtj caoipeac mvnnncipe heolaip Do ecc. 

lorhap ua cacapaigh cijeapna na paichne Do ecc. 

TTIaoileaclainn piabac o peachnapaij cicceapna leice cenel Cto6a DO 
mapbab la mac DonnchaiD f cacail. 



QO1S CR1OSO 1180. 
Ctoip CpiopD mile, ceo, ochDmojacr. 

Lopcan ua cuacail .1. labpap aipDeppoc laijfn, -| lejaicr na hfpeann DO 
mapcpaoh hi Sa^ain. 



O'Clerys' at these days. It was afterwards an- 
nexed to the see of Clogher ; but about the year 
1 266 it was separated from the see of Clogher, 
with other churches in the territory of Hy- 
Fiachrach Arda Sratha, in the gift of the Kinel- 
Owen, and incorporated with the see of Lon- 
donderry. See Ussher's Primordia, p. 857 ; 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 76 ; and Ord- 
nance Memoir of the Parish of Templemore, 

u Clonfert-Brendan, Cluam pepca bpenamn. 
The church of Clonfert, the head of an ancient 
bishop's see, in the barony of Longford, and 
county of Galway. 

w Lorka, tocpa A small village in the ba- 
rony of Lower Ormond, about six miles to the 
north of Burrisokcaue. Here are the ruins of 
two abbeys of considerable extent, but none of 
an antiquity prior to the Anglo-Norman inva- 
sion, though St. Rodanus, the patron of the 
place, had erected a primitive Irish abbey here 
in the sixth century. For an account of Ro- 
danus, the reader is referred to his Life, as 
published by the Bollandists, at 25th April. 

*Ar<lfert- Brendan, now Ardfert, in the county 



of Kerry, about four miles to the north of 
Tralee, where the ruins of several ancient 
churches are still to be seen. 

" Disert-Ketty, Dipepr Ceallaij The name 
is now corruptly anglicised Isertkelly, and is 
applied to an ancient church and parish in tin 1 
diocese of Kilmacduagh, situated to the south- 
west of the town of Loughrea, in the county of 
Galway. See Ordnance Map of the county of 
Galway, sheet 114. 

1 Kilmaine, Cill meabom, i. e. the middle 
church, a small village in a barony to which it 
has given name in the south of the county of 
Mayo, and not far from the boundary of the 
county of Galway. 

a Balla, or Bal, 6alla, a village containing tin- 
ruins of an ancient church and round tower in 
a parish of the same name, in the barony of 
Carra, and county of Mayo, and about eight 
miles south-east of Castlebar. See Life of St. 
Medina, published by Colgan, in .\<in >'/<eto- 
rum, at 30th of March. 

'' .Miiiiitir-Edai* This territory, which iii'tcr- 

wards became the principality of Mac-Kiiiinull, 



1180.] 



ANNA I. S OF TIIK KIM.Do.M <>K IIIKI.AND. 



51 



One hundred and live houses were burned in Clonmacnoise, during a pre- 
datory incursion. 

Clonl'm-Brcndan", with its churches, were burned. 

Lorha", Ardfert-Brcndan*, Cashel, Tuam, Disert-Kelly", Kilmaine 1 , and 
Balla". were all burned. 

Melaghlin O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, died*. 

Ivor O'Casey, Lord of the Saithne , died. 

Melaghlin Reagh O'Shaughnessy, Lord of half the territory o/Kinelea, was 
killed by the son of Donough O'Cahill". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1180. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eig/Uy. 

Lorcan O'Toole, i. e. Lawrence, Archbishop of Leinster and Legate of Ire- 
land, suffered martyrdom* in England. 



comprised the southern half of the present 
county of Leitrim. It extended from Slieve-in- 
ierin and Lough Allen to Slieve Carbry, and 
to the west of Ballinamuck, in the county of 
Jxmgford, and contained the castles of Rinn, 
I."iigh-skur, and Leitrim, and the monasteries 
i >t Fiudhnacha Muighe Rein, now Fenagh, Mao- 
tlmil, now Mohill, and Cluain Conmaicne, now 
iie. The mountains of Slieve-in-ierin are 
jiliiivd in this territory by the ancient writers. 
'Saithne, an ancient territory in East Meath, the 
anciiMit inheritance of theO'Caseys. The Saithne, 
>r O'-Caseys, are descended from Glasradh, tlie 
second son of Cormac Gaileng, who was of the 
Minister race, and settled here under King Cor- 

iinir M:i,- Art, in the third century See O'Fla- 

h.Tty's Oijitgia, part iii. c.69 ; and Mac Firi 
li -i-h Pedigrees. Giraldus Cambrcnsis states, in 
hi- ////.,/-. l-'.j-i'iiiiiinta, lib-ii. c.24, that Philippus 
WignniiriiMs sei/i-d on the lands of O'Cathesie, 
t" the king's use, though Hugh de Lacy had 
formerly sold them. "Inter ipsa igitur operum 
initiuliii, terms, quas Hugo de Lacy 



alienuerat, terrain videlic. Ocathesi & alias quani 
plures ad Regiuin mensam cum omni sollicitu- 
dine reuocauit." 

d O'CaJtiil, ua cacail O'Slmughnessy shortly 
afterwards became lord of all the territory of 
Kinelea, and the O'Cahills sunk into compara- 
tive insignificance. This territory comprised the 
southern half of the diocese of Kilmacduagh, in 
the south-west of the county of Galway, and 
contained the churches of Kilmacduagh, Beagh, 
and Kilbecanty, and the castles of Gort, Fe- 
ilane, and Ardinulduane. 

' Suffered martyrdom. This is a mistake of Uie 
Four Masters, for it is stated under this year in 
the Bodleian and Dublin copy of the Annals of 
Iniiisfallen, as well as in the Annals of Boyle, 
and in Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, that he died [a natural death ?J 
in France. The fact is that St. Laurence O'Toole 
died in the monastery of Auginn, now Eu, in 
Normandy, but an attempt had bt*>n made by a 
maniac to murder him at Canterbury in 1 175. 
and this is the martyrdom alluded to by the Four 



H2 



52 



emeaNN. 



[1180. 



TTlacpaic ua taipe aipcinneach ooipe [DO ecc]. 

T?anall ua caipeallam tx> mapbab lo cenel TTloafn i neneac colaim 
cille pop lap Doipe colaim pahfm. 



Masters. Ussher has the following curious no- 
tice of this distinguished prelate in his Veterum 
Epistolarum Hibernicarum Syttoge, note to the 
Brief of Pope Alexander III., Epist. xlviii. Anno 
Christ! 1179: 

"Est hie Laurentius O'Tolus ; cujus Vitam ab 
Augiensft Collegii monacho descriptam tomo 6. 
Vit. Sanctor. Novemb. 14. inseruit Laurentius 
Surius. Patrem habuit, ut author ille indicat, 
Muriartach sine Mauricium O'Tuohail, ad quern 
non modica pars Hibernice, quce Lagenia dicitur, 
iure haereditario pertinebat : matrem Ingen Ybruin 
(ita enim legunt duo hujus Vitas, qua? ego habeo, 
Manuscripta exemplaria) idest,JiliamPnncipis, 
ex Birnorum, ni fallor, familia. Annos natus 
decem, Dermitio regi (qui alius ab illo Mur- 
chardi filio fuit, a quo Angli in Hiberniam sunt 
introducti) a patre obses datus, durissime ab eo 
habitus est : post biennium vero patri restitu- 
tus, et Ecclesise uiinisterio ab eo dicatus, sub 
magisterio Glindelacensis Episcopi vixit. Cum 
annorum esset xxv. Ecclesia? S. Comgeni sive 
Keivini de Glindelach Abbas, Clero et populo id 
postulantibus, constitutus est : ac demum Gre- 
gorio Dubliniensi Archiepiscopo defuncto, ad 
Dubliniensem cathedram evectus, anno Domini 
1 162, a Gelasio tot ins Hibernice Primate, in ipsa 
Dubliniensi Ecclesia, multis Episcopig prcesen- 
tibut, ffratias agents populo, tolemniter congecratus 
est. Anno 1179. una cum Cathdico Tuamensi 
Archiepiscopo et quinque vel sex Hibernise Epis- 
copis Romam ad Lateranense concilium profec- 
tnrus, per Angliam transiit : ubi omnes pro 
licentia transeundi iuraverunt, qubd neque Regi, 
neque regno eiut daiinmm qwererenl ; quemad- 
modum in anni illius historia refert Rogerus 
Hovedenus. Laurentium tamen, ob privilegia 
in Lateranensi Concilia contra Regice dignitatis, 



zelo suce gentis, utferebatur, impetrata, Anglorum 
Regi suspectum fuigse, libro 2. Expugnat. Hi- 
bern. cap. 23. narrat Giraldus Cambrensis. Eo 
tempore, Dubliniensi suas Metropoli prsesens hoc 
impetratum est ab eo privilegium, ex antique 
Dubliniensis Archiepiscopi Regesto, quod Crede 
mi/ii appellant, a nobis exscriptum. Obiit apud 
Augiense Normannise castrum (cujus Comes 
Richardus Strongbous fuerat, qui Dubliniam & 
Lageniam, Laurentii sedem metropoliticam & 
provinciam, ipso vivente & vidente subjugavit:) 
quum patrias ab Anglis vastatse calamitatem de- 
plorasset, miserabiliter lingua materna dicens : 
Heu popule stulte fy insipiem ; quid jam facturus 
es ? Quit sanabit aversiones tua-s ? Quit mise- 
rebitur tui? Atque ita, XVHI. Calendas Decem- 
bris, cum sextce ferice terminus advenisset, in 
confinio Sabbati gubsequentis gpiritum santti viri 
requieg ceterna suscepit ; inquit vita eius scriptor. 
Annum, quern ille tacet, Annales nostri assig- 
nant 1 180. quo et 14. dies Novembris in sertam 
feriam incidit. Rogerus Hovedenus, & eum 
secutus Caesar Baronius in Annalibus suis ad 
sequentem annum male referunt. Nam ut ipse 
Rogerus postea confirmat, anno 1181. Henricug 
Rex Angliae, flius Imperatricis, dedit loanni 
Cumin clerico suo, Archiepiscopatum Divetinia; 
in Hibemia, vm. Idus Septernbris apud Eues- 
ham. (ideoque Novembris dies 14. qui electioneni 
hanc antecesserat, ad annum 1180, necessario 
retrahendus est.) et anno 1182. Lucius Papa 
III. ordinavit loannem Cumin in sacerdotem III. 
Idus Martij apud Velletre: deinde consecravif 
eum in Archiepiscopum Dicelinice xn. Calend. 
Aprilis, Dominica in ramis Fulmarum, apud 
Velletre, cui Calendarij quoque ratio suffragatur; 
qua; anno 1182. Dominicam Pasclialem 28. die 
Martij celebratani fuisse docet. In sanctorum 



1180.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OK JUKI. AND. 



Macraith O'Deery, Eronagh of Derry [died]. 

Randal O'Carellan was killed by the Kinel-Mocn, in defence of St. Columli- 
killc, in the middle of Derry-Columbkille. 



vero numeriim relatus est Laurentius ab Hono- 
rio III. Mini" 1225. cujus canonizationis Bulla, 
data Reatt-, III. Id. Dccembr. anno Pontificatus 
10. habetur in Laertij Cherubini Bullario ; 
tomo 1 . pag. 49- edit. liom. anno 1 6 1 7." For more 
information about this distinguished prelate, the 
reader is referred to his Life, as published by 
Messingham in his Florilegium, and to De Burgo's 
H\l*rnia Dominicans Dr. Lanigan in his Eccle- 
siastical History of Ireland, vol. iv. p. 174, and 
Mr. Moore, in his History of Ireland, vol. ii. 
p. 308, state that Muirchertach, the father of 
St. Laurence, was prince of Imaile ; but this is 
as great a mistake as that of the author of St 
Laurence's Life, who makes him a son of the 
King of all Leinster, for O'Toole was at this 
period Lord of the tribe and territory of Hy- 
Muireadhaigh, called Omurethi by Giraldus, 
comprising about the southern half of the pre- 
sent county of Kildare, to wit, the baronies of 
Kilk.'u mid Mooui 1 , Narragh and Rheban, and 
part of the barony of Connell. It was bounded 
on the north by the celebrated hill of Allen, on 
i hr north-west by Offaly, which it met at the 
Curragh of Kildare, and on the west by Laoighis 
or Lfix, from which it was divided by the River 
Burrow. According to O'Heerin's topographical 
poem, O'Teige was the ancient chief of Imaile 
(which was a very small district), but O'Toole 
was Lord of Hy-Muireadhaigh, which extended 
along the Barrow northwards as far as the hill 
i if A Imliuiii. now Allen : 

Cpiall cup 6eapbu an b'uipo ealaig, 

O'n cip locliiiiinp uipmeukiij, 

O Oinopij; co maipom mip, 

Do biol m'utpcip o a n-uairie. 

O'Cuacail an muip meaoai^, 

tip Uib menpou Hluipeaoaij, 



Co h-Qliham an ceoil coclcnj, 
Qn peoip bappglom bpaoncopraij. 

" Pass across the Barrow, of the cattle abound- 
ing border, 

From the land rich in corn and honey, 
From Dinnree to the pleasant Maisdin (Mulla- 

mast), 

My journey is repaid by their nobility. 
O'Toole of the festive fortress, 
Is over the vigorous Hy-Muireadhaigh, 
As far as Almhuin of melodious music, 
Of the fair, grassy, irriguous surface" 
The ancient Irish topographical work called 
Dinnsenehus, places in the territory of Ui Muire- 
dhaigh, the old fort of Roeireann, which was 
situated on the top of the remarkable hill of 
Mullach Roeireann, now Mullagh-Reelion, about 
five miles to the south-east of A thy, in the county 
of Kildare. The name of this territory is pre- 
served even to the present day in that of the 
deanery of Omurthie, which, according to the 
Regal Visitation Book of 1615, comprises the 
following parishes, in the county of Kildare, viz., 
Athy, Castlereban, Kilberry, Dollardstown, Ni- 
cholastown, Tankardstown, Kilkea, Grange- Ros- 
nolvan, Bel in, Castledermott, Grange, Mount-, 
Timoling, Narraghmore, Kilcullen, Usk. And 
this authority adds : " Adjacent to the deanery 
of Omurthie is the parish church of Damenogc 
[now Dunamanoge], and the parish church of 
Fontstown." See Ledwich's Antiquities of Ire- 
land, second Edition, p. 294, where the author 
ignorantly assumes that Omurethi was O' Moore ! 
Soon after the death of St. Laurence the 
O'Tooles, or O'Tuathails, wep driven from this 
beautiful and fertile district of Omurethi by 
the Baron Walter de Riddles ford, or Gualtems 
:>>uesfonlia, who, according to Giraldus 



aNNCtr,a 



[1180. 



OonncaD ua caipealldin DO mapbab la cenel cconaill i nDiojal a meabla 
ap ua nsaipmleabaij cpe miopbaibb na nafrh ipa heneac po ^apaij. 

Qinoilfp ua oochapcaij Do ecc i nDoipe colaim cille. 

Cac na cconcobop .1. Concobop mafnmaijje mac Ruaibpi in Choncobaip 
1 Concobap ua ceallaij (.1. cijeapna ua maine) Du i ccopcaip Concobop ua 
ceallaij, cabg a riiac, a bfpbpacaip DiapmaiD, ~] TTlaoilpeachlainn mac 
Diapmaoa ui ceallaij, i mac caibg in Concobaip (.1. cabs). 

TTluipjhfp ua heohin cijfpna ua bpiacpach ai6ne Do mapbab la pfpaib 
TTlurhan. 

Cappjamam ua jiolla ulcdin caoipeac TTIuinncipe TTlaoil cpionna Do 
mapbab la haeb TTlac cappjarhna i ninip enDairh pop moploch. 

Domnall mac caiDg uf chinneioijj cijeapna uprhurhan Do ec. 



(Hibernia Expugnata, lib. iL c. xxL), had his cas- 
tle at Tristerdermot [Disert Diarmada, now Cas- 
tledermot], in the territory of Omurethi. In 
the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen it 
is stated, under the year 1 178, that the English 
ofWexford set out on a predatory excursion 
into Hy-Muireadhaigh, and slew Dowling O'Tua- 
thail [O'Toole], king of that territory, and lost 
their own leader, Robert Peer. But though the 
O'Tuathails were driven from their original ter- 
ritory about this period, they were still regarded 
by the Irish as the second highest family in Lein- 
ster, and the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as trans- 
lated by Mageoghegan, record under the year 
1214, the death of Lorcan O'Twahall, "young 
Prince of Leinster, and next in superiority of that 
province." After their expulsion from the rich 
plains of Omurethi, the O'Tuohills, or O'Tooles, 
took shelter in the mountain fastnesses of Wick- 
low, where in course of time they dispossessed the 
O'Teiges of Iniaile, and other minor families. 

It has been the object of the Editor in this 
note to collect together such evidences as will 
prove that the liuher of St. Laurence O'Toole, 
though not King of all Leinster, was chief of a 
more important territory than Imaile, a fact 
whii-h has hitherto escaped our modern his- 



torians and topographical writers, who have 
copied each other without consulting any but 
printed authorities. 

f Violated. It is worthy of remark here, that 
whenever a chief, who had offered insult to a 
church or sanctuary, happened to be killed, his 
death is invariably atributed to the miraculous 
interposition of the patron saint. 

g Hy-Many. The following parishes, or 
coarbships, were in Hy-Many, according to a 
tract in the Book of Lecan, treating of the man- 
ners and customs of the O'Kellys, viz. : Clonfurt, 
Kilmeen, Kiltullagh, Kilcommon, Gamma (where 
the Hy-Manians were baptized), Cloontuskert 
(where the O'Kelly was inaugurated), and Cloon- 
keen Cairill. The following families were located 
in Hy-Many, and tributary to O'Kelly, viz., 
Mac Egan, Chief of the tribe of Clandermot ; 
Mac Gillenan, Chief of Clann Fluitheamhla ami 
Muintir kenny ; O'Donnellan, Chief of Clann 
Brcasail ; O'Doogan, Chief of Muiutir-Doogan ; 
O'Gowran, Chief of Dal-Druithne ; O'Docomh- 
lain, Chief of Kinn-na-hEignidi ; O'Donoghoe, 
Chief of Hy-Cormaic, in Moinmoy ; and O'Maoil- 
brighde, Chief of Brcdach, which was the best 
territory in Ily-Many. For further particulars 
concerning the families and districts of Hy- 



I H< I , 



\.\N.\I.S (>l Till-: KINGDOM OF IIIKI.AM) 



56 



Donough O'Carcllau was killed by the Kinel-Conncll, in revenge of his 
treacherous conduct towards O'Gonnly, and by the miracles of the saints wl, 
guarantee he had violated f . 

A i nd i leas O'Doherty died at Derry-Colnmbkille. 

A battle, called the battle of the Conors, was fought between Connor Moin- 
nioy, the son of Roderic O'Conor, and Connor O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many 1 , in 
which were slain Conor O'Kelly, his son Teige, his brother Dermot, Melaghlin, 
the son of Dermot O'Kelly, and 'IVige, the son of Teige O'Conor*. 

Maurice O'Heyne, Lord of Hy-Fiachrach-Aidhne 1 , was killed by the men 
of Munster. 

Carroon O'Gilla-Ultain, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, was killed by Hugh 
Mac Carroon", on Inis Endaimh 1 , in Mor-loch. 

Donnell, the son of Teige O'Kennedy, Lord of Ormond" 1 , died. 



Many, the reader is referred to Tribet and Cut- 
tonu of Hy-Many, printed for the Irish Archae- 
ological Society in 1843. 

h O'Conor It is added in the Annals of 

Kilronan, that this battle was fought at Magh 
Smibhcgealain, at the head or extremity of 
Dai re na g-capall. 

' Ili/-Fiachrach-Aidhnt, Ui Piachpach Qione. 
A territory in the south-west of the county of 
Galway, which, as we learn from the Life of St. 
('<>lman Mac Duach, published by Colgan, was 
originally coextensive with the diocese of Kil- 
macduagh. 

k Mac Carroon, mac cuppj^arhna. This name 
is anglicised Caron by O'Flaherty, in his Ogygia, 
part iii. c, 85, and Mac Carrhon by Connell Ma- 
geoghegan, who knew the tribe well. The name 
is now anglicised Mac Carroon. O'Flaherty lo- 
cates thi'in in the territory ofCuircnia, now the 
Unmy "f Kilkenny West, in the county of West- 
nii'iiili. Tlirir ancestor was called ITlael Sionna, 
i. <. Chief of thc.Shannon, from the situation of 
his territory mi ili<' cast side of that river. They 
are to be distinguished from the O'Caharnys, 
Si'iimachs, or Foxes of Kilcoursey, whose tribe 
mime wii* Muintir-Tudhgain. 



1 Inis Endaimh, is now called Inchenagh, and 
lies in Lough Ree, not far from Lanesborough. 
It is curious that Lough Rcc is here called rn<5p 
loc, or the great lake. 

m Ormond, Upriiuriinin. Now the baronies of 
Upper and Lower Ormond, in the county of 
Tipperary. The territory of U|iriiumain was 
anciently very extensive, but it has been for 
many centuries limited to the baronies now 
bearing its name. O'Kennedy, who descended 
from Donnchuan, the brother of Brian Borumha, 
was originally seated in Glenomra, in the east 
of the county of Clare, whence they were driven 
out, at an early period, by the O'Briens and 
Mac Namaras. O'Heerin thus notices the ori- 
ginal situation of O'Kennedy in hi* topogra- 
phical poem : 

O Cmnemij; copcpar 50, ap 5"l*a"n pa'Pr" 1 ?- 

peib Ompu, 
Sliocc ap nOuinocuam, cpe cpolkicc, na pumn 

puaip jjan lapmopacr. 

" O'Kennedy, who purples the javelin, nde* over 
the extensive, smooth Glenomra, 

()!' the race of our Donnchuan, who, through va- 
lour, obtained the lands without competition." 



56 ciNNaca rciosliachca eiReaNN. [iisi. 

TTlaolmuipe mac cuinn na mbochc ppimhpfnoip Gpeann Do ecc. 

dob ua caicniab, cigeapna loppaip DO mapbab la hua cceallachain hi 
ppiull hi ccill domain. 

Gmhlaib ua cojoa caoipeac na bpeDca, DO mapbab la hua ngaibrecain 
caoipeac rhaije helfg. 

TTlupchab ua laccna caoipeac an Da bac DO babaoh illoch con. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1181. 
Qoip CpiopD mile, ceo, ochcmojacc, a hafn. 

Ounjal ua caellai 51 eppoc Ifichjbnne DO ecc. 

TTlaolmuipe ua Dunain abb cnuic na Sfngan hi lujmaj Do ecc. 

TTlaolciapam ua piobabpa comapba ciapain Do ecc. 

Cachpafnfb pia pplaichbfpcac ua maeloopaib cicchfpna cenel cconaill 
pop macaib pij Connacc Sacapn cmccibipi Du in po mapbab pe meic Decc 
Do clannuib cicchfpnab ~\ coipeac Connacc la cenel cconaill co pocaibip 
oile DO pofpclannaib -| Dofpclannaib immaille ppiu cenmochdiDpfte. 17o 
chmppfcc Connaccaij po Daoipe boib ppi pe imcen lappan cac pin. Car 
cpice coipppe amm in caca pin. 

D Mac Con-na-mbocht, i. e. the descendant of barony of Tirawley, and county of Mayo. The 

Conn of the poor, was the name of the Erenaghs monastery of Errew, on Lough Conn, is in this 

of Clonmacnoise. district, and the family of O'Flynn, a branch of 

0' Caithniadh. This name is now obsolete whom were hereditary Erenaghs of this monas- 
in Erris, an extensive and remarkably wild ba- tery, are still numerous in the parish of Cross- 
rony in the north-west of the county of Mayo, molina. They were till lately in possession of 
unless it has been changed to O'Cahan, or O'Kane. the celebrated reliquary called Mias Tighernain, 

p OfBredagh, na bpeoca This is the name of which is now at Eappa Castle. These O'Flynns 

a district in the barony of Tirawley, comprising are mentioned by Giolla losa Mor Mac Firbis, 

the parish of Moygawnagh, and part of that of the compiler of the Book of Lecan, as the Brugh- 

Killuui. It is to be distinguished from Bredagh aidhs, or fanners, or Maghheleag. See Genea- 

in Inishowen, in the north-east of the county of logies, Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiactirach, 

Donegal, which was the inheritance of O'Duibh- printed for the Irish Archteological Society in 

dhiorma, of the race of Eoghan, son of Niall of 1844, p. 113, note k , and p. 239, note '. 

the Nine Hostages. r j) a -B/iac, now generally called the Two 

1 Moy-/ieleag, maj helfj This is also called Backs ; a territory in the south of the barony 
tnajj heleoj ; it was the ancient name of the of Tirawley, in the county of Mayo, lying be- 
level part of the parish of Crossmolina, in the tween Lough Conn and the Kiver Moy See 



I Ml.] ANNALS OK THK KINGDOM <>K IUKI.AND 57 

Mulraurry Mac Con-na-mbocht n , chief senior of Ireland, died. 

Hugh O'Caitlmiadh , Lord of Erris, was treacherously slain by 0'Calla<rli;m 
at Kilcommon. 

Aulill'c O'Toghda, Chief of Bredagh", was killed by O'Gaughan, Chief of 
Moy-heleag*. 

Murrough O'Laghtna, Chief of Da Bhac r , was drowned in Lough Conn. 

HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1181. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-one. 

Dungal O'Kaelly, Bishop of Leighlin, died. 

Mulmurry' O'Dunan, Abbot of Cnoc-na-Seangan' (Louth), died. 

Mulkieran O'Fiavra, successor of Kieran, died. 

Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Tirconnell, defeated the sons of the King of 
Connaught on the Saturday before Whitsuntide. Sixteen of the sons of the 
lords and chieftains of Connaught were slain by the Kinel Connell, as well as 
many others, both of the nobles and the plebeians". They held the Connacians 
under subjection for a long time after this battle, which was known by the 
name of Cath Criche Coirpre' [i. e. the Battle of the Territory of Carbury]. 



/ '////-/ 'oK-hrach, pp. 11, 165, 228. The called in English, Pismire HilL It contains 

name O'Toghdha, which would be pronounced the ruins of a church, but no part of the great 

O'Toffey in this district, is now obsolete. Under abbey is now traceable on it. This abbey w* 

t!ii> year the Dublin copy of the Annals of In- founded and endowed for Augustinian Canons, 

nisfallen, record that John De Courcy fled from by Donough O'Carroll, Prince of Oriel, and 

Downpatrick, and went to Ath Glaisne [Ard- Edan O'Kaelly, or O'Caollaidhe, Bishop of 

glass?] where he built a castle which he made Clogher. See Triat TAaum., p. 305 ; Ware's 

lii- resilience for some time. According to the Antiquities, cap. 26; and also his Bishops of 

Annals of Clonmacnoise he returned to Down Louth and Clogher, at the name Edan. 
in 1181, and repaired his house there. u Doth of the noble* and the pltbei&tu. In the 

' M'lliimrry, maelmuipe. Colgan says, Ada Annals of Kilronan this phrase is given in Latin : 

&, p. T.'iT. that this was the celebrated Ma- " et alii nobilet et igtwbilet cum ei. n 
rianus, the author of the Irish Martyrology, so ' Cath Criche Coirpre. According to the An- 

>t ton quoted by him and other ecclesiastical nals of Kilronan the persons slain in this battli- 

wrii w, re the following, viz. : Brian Luighnech and 

>in-Seangaii. L e. Hill of theants. This Manus O'Conor ; Melaghlin, Murray, and Mur- 

place, which is situated about thirty perches to tough, three sons of Turlough O'Conor; also 

the east of the town of Louth, is now generally Hugh, son of Hugh, son of Rory (O'Flaherty), 



58 



[1181. 



lap napnile liubap iciacc na mfic pioj copcpacup la plairbfpcac ip in 
cac pempdice, bpian -| TTlajnup Da mac coippbealbaij moip, * -\ 

TTlaolpuanaij, Da mac ele Goba f concobaip. Oo pocaip beop dob mac 
concobaip ui cellaij, -| jpollacpfpc mac megoipeaccaij uil?obuib,eachmapcac 
ua muipfoaij, Donnchab mac bpiain luijnij ui Concobaip, cucuallacra mac 
TT1 uipcfpcaijui Concobaip, cpi huf maoilbpenamn, Da mac jiollabuibe, -| ao6 
mac mic aoba mic Ruaibpi, -\ pocaibe ele Do pafpclannaib. 

Sloicchfb la Domnall mac afba rhec lachlamn, -\ la cenel neojam celca 
65 i nulcoip. T?o meabpacc pop ulcoip, pop uib ccuipcpe, ) pop pfpaib If 
im Ruaiopi mac Duinnplebe -\ im commibe ua plainn. 

Sluacch la pfpaib maije hiche im ua ccacain 6acmapcac, ] im cenel 
' mbinij jlinne co pangaoap cap cuaim. Ro aipccpfo pip If, -\ ua ccuiprpe 
uile Ruccpac ilmile DO buaib. 

Uomalcac ua Concobaip Do oiponeab i ccomopbup pacpaicc. Cuaipr 
cenel eojjain DO rabaipc laipp, Do bfpc a pfip uaibib ~\ po paccaib bfnnacrain. 



King of West Connaught ; and Donough, son 
of Brian O'Fallon, et alii multi nobikg et ignobiles 
cum eis. The same annals also state that it was 
Donough, the son of Donnell Midheach O'Conor, 
that brought Flaherty O'Muldory to assist him 
in asserting the chieftainship of the territory of 
Carbury for himself. They also add, that this 
was called the Battle of Magh Diughbha, and 
that the bodies of the chieftains were carried 
to Clonmacnoise, and there interred in the tombs 
of their ancestors. 

w O'Connor According to the Annals of Uls- 
ter and of Rilronan, three of the sons of Hugh, son 
of Turlough O'Conor, were slain in this battle, 
namely, Melaghlin, Murray, and Murtough. 

* O'Murray, O'muipeaoaij In 1585 the 

head of this family was seated at Ballymurry, 
in the parish of Kilmaine, barony of Athlone, 
and county of Roscommon. 

' (PJUulrenint, pronounced in Irish OTTIaoil 
V>p5namn, CFMtd-vrenin, 

Kind-Binny, Cenel Sinnijg It would ap- 
pear from several authorities that this tribe was 



seated in the valley of Glenconkeine, in the 
south of the county of Derry. 

* Toome, Cuaim This is called peappac 
Cuama, i. e. the trajectus, or ferry of Tuaim, in 
the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick. The place is 
now called Toome-Bridge, and is situated between 
Lough Neagh and Lough Beg, and on the boun- 
dary between the counties of Antrim and Derry. 
" Fearsait Tuama hodie vulgo vocatur Tuaim 
est vadum vel trajectus ubi Banna fluvius ex 
lacu Echach." Trias TAaum., p. 183. 

" Firlee, F'P l! The Tripartite Life of St. 

Patrick, as translated by Colgan, in Trids Tlttntm., 
pp. 127, 146, calls this territory "Leieorum 
fines," and states that it was on the east side of 
the River Bann. " Venit (Patricms) in Leffiorum 
fines Bannse flumini ad orientalcm ejus ripam 
adjacentes." But though the Firli were unqn< < 
tionably seated on the east side of the River 
Bann, since the twelfth century, it would ap- 
pear, from the Annotations of Tireclmn on the 
Life of St. Patrick, that they were on the west 
side of this river in the time of the Irish npos- 



ANNALs o| TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. !.) 

According to another book, the sons of kings who were slain by Flaherty 
in the last mentioned battle were the following, viz. Brian and Maims, t\v< > 
sons of Turlough More ; and Mulrony ; and * * * two sons of Hugh O'Con- 
nor". In that battle also fell Hugh, the son of Conor O'Kelly, and Gilchreest, 
the son of Mageraghty O'Rodiv ; Eachmarcach O'Murray* ; Donough, the son 
of Brian Luighneach O'Conor ; Cucuallachta, the son of Murtough O'Conor ; 
three of the O'Mulrenins" ; the two Mac Gillaboys ; and Hugh, son of Hugh, 
who was son of Roderic, together with many others of the nobility. 

Donnell, the son of Hugh Mac Loughlin, and the Kinel-Owen of Tullaghoge, 
made an incursion into Ulidia, and defeated the Ulidians, the Hy-Tuirtre, and 
the Firlee, together with Rory Mac Donslevy, and Cumee O'Flynn. 

The men of Moy-Ithe, together with O'Kane (Eachmarcach), and the 
Kinel-Binny* of the Valley, mustered an army, and crossed Toome*. They 
plundered all the territories of Firlee" and Hy-Tuirtre, and carried off many 
thousands of cows. 

Tomaltagh O'Conor was consecrated successor of St Patrick. He performed 
the visitation of the Kinel-Owen, received his dues from them, and left them 
his blessing. 

tie. The Barm (i. e. the Lower Bann), accord- among the inhabitants of the plain of Eilne, 
ing to the oldest accounts of that river, flowed prepared an entertainment for St. Columba ; 
between the plains of Li and Eilne, and we and Colgan, in a note on this passage, conjee- 
learn from Tirechan that the plain of Eilne was tures that the plain of Eilne was west of tin- 
on the east side of the river, and consequently River Bann, and that which was then called 
tli.- plain of Li, or Lee, was on the west side of " an Mhachaire," L e. the plain. But that 
it : " Et exiit [Patricius] in Ardd Eolergg et Magh Li was west of the Bann is put be- 
Ailgi, et Lee Bendrigi, et perrexit trans flumen yond dispute by the fact that the church of 
Bund*, et bencdixit locum in quo est cellola Achadk Dubhtkaigk, now Aghadowey, on the 
Cuiif lUithin [Colerainc], in ilniu, in quo fuit west side of the river Bann, is described in 
"Jin-. , t fecit alias cellas multas in Eilniu. ancient authorities, as in Magk Li, or Campus 
Kt IMT iSmi-i ilumon" [Bush Kiver] " foramen Li, on the margin of the Lower Bann. See Col- 
(..rtulit, et in Dun Sebuirgi" [Dunseverick] gan's Ada Sanctorum, p. 223; the Irish Calen- 
"sedit super petran,, &,-. Ac. Et reversus est dar of the O'Clerys, at 9th and 22nd of Janu- 
in cainpuin Eilni . t to, it uuiltas ecclesias quas ary; and Sampson's Memoir of his Chart and 
Condiri [tlir .l.-ix-y of Connor diocese] habent." Survey of Londonderry. [.. 222. But on the 
Adamnan, in hi- Lifo ..floluniba, says, lib. i. increasing power of the O'Kanes, the Firli were 
c. 50, tliat Conallus, Bishop of Cuil Raithin unquestionably driven aero* the Bann. See 
[Coleraino], having collected many presents note under the year 1 1 78. 

i2 



(jo awwaca Rio^bachra eiueawN. [1183. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1182. 
Qoip Cpiopo mile, ceo, ochcrhojjacc, aoo. 

dob ua caellaiji eppoc aipjiall, ~\ cfno cananach Gpeann DO ecc. 

Oomnall ua huallacham aipoeppoc murhan Do ecc. 

Sluaicchfb la Domnall mac afba ui lachlainn 50 Dun bo i nDail piaoa. 
Do pao pom car Do jallaib ip in Du pin T?o meabaib pop cenel neojam 
l?o mapbab ann Dna Rajnall uabpfiplen, J5'M< a cpiopD 6 cacdin co pocaiDip 
oile i maille ppiu, 17uccpac Soipcela mapcain leo Don cup pin. 

bpian mac coippDeatbaij ui bpiain DO mapbab la Rajnall mac Commapa 
bice cpe meabail. 

Qo6 mac cappgamna caoipeac muinncipe maoilcpionna DO mapbab la 
jpolla ulcain mac cappgamna. 

ITlupchab mac caichlij uf oubhoa, DO mapbab la TTlaoilpeachlamn ua 
TTlaolpuanaib. 

Qrhlaib ua pfpjail DO jabail caipijecra na hansaile -| Gob DO innapbab. 



Q01S CR10SO, 1183. 
Ctoip Cpiopo mile, ceo, ochcmojacc, acpf. 

lopeph ua liaoba Gppcop ua ccemnpelaij [DO ecc]. 

6ec ua hf^pa ciccfpna lui^ne Connacc Do mapbab la concobap ua Diap- 
maca mic Puaibpi, ap loc mic pfpabaij ma rij pfin cpe meabail. 

c Dun6o,inDalRiada This is a mistake of the dred-Owen, and Ranall O'Bryslan was killed 

annalists, but not of the Four Masters, as it is there, and Gilli Christ O'Cahan, and many more; 

found in the older Annals of Ulster and of Kilro- and the Galls carried Martin's Gospel with 

nan. Dunbo was not in Dalriada at any period, for them." From a notice in a manuscript in the 

it is west of the River Bann, in a territory called Bodleian Library, Laud. 615. p. HI, it would 

an Mhachaire, the Plain, in Colgan's time. Dal- appear that this copy of the Gospels, which vnu 

riada never extended westwards beyond the Bann. believed to have belonged to St. Martin of Tours, 

d .ST. Martin This passage is rendered in the was brought to Ireland by St. Patrick, and that 

old translation of the Ulster Annals in the Bri- it was preserved at Derry in the time of the 

tish Museum, as follows : "An army by Donell writer. There was a cemetery and holy well 

' n.oghlin to Dunbo in Dalriada, and tin- Galls at Derry dedicated to this St. Martin. In the 

gave battle to them there, and vanquished Kin- Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster, and in the 



1183.] ANNALS OF TI1K KINMXt.M OF IHFLAND. <i] 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1182. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eiglity two. 

I high O'Kaelly, Bishop of Oriel, and head of die Canons of Ireland, died. 

Donncll O'Huallaghan, Archbishop of Munster, died. 

Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, marched with an army to Dunbo, 
in Dal Riada c , and there gave battle to the English. The Kinel-Owen were 
defeated, and Randal O'Breslen, Gilchreest O'Kane, and many others, were 
killed. On this occasion they carried off with them the Gospel of St Martin". 

Brian, the son of Turlough O'Brien, was treacherously slain by Randal 
Macnamara Beg. 

Hugh Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, was killed by Gilla- 
Ultain Mac Carroon. 

Murrough, the son of Taichleach O'Dowda, was killed by Melaghlin 
O'Mulrony. 

Auliffe O'Farrell assumed the lordship of Annaly, and Hugh was expelled'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1183. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-three. 

Joseph O'llea, Bishop of Hy-Kinsellagh (died). 

Bee O'Hara, Lord of Leyny in Connaught, was treacherously slain by Conor, 
the grandson of Dermot, who was son of Roderic, in his own house, on Lough 
Mac Farry. 

Annals of Kilronan, the portion of the passage Imokilly, in the county of Cork. The Irish anna- 

relntinc: to theGospel reads: 7 [xSrcela mapeain listsdonotfurnishuswithanyfurthiTparticulan; 

no Bper DO jalluib leo. but GiraldusCambrensis, in his //iforniYi Expug- 

I'n.], T this year the Annals of Kilronan, of nata, lib. ii. c. 1 8, calls Mac Tyrus a betrayer : "a 

Clonmacnoin, andofUlster, record the death of proditoreMachtyroquieoswi noctehotpitaridebH- 

Miln (],. C.tfran, the destroyer of all Ireland, both mjf.cujnaliisquinquemilitibusimpronisisatergo 

Church and State; also of Reymondde la Gross, securium ictibus sunt interempti." Sir Richard 

Cenn Cuillinn [Kantituiu'nsis?],andthetwo sons Cox, in his Hibemia Ani/Hcana, p. 37, magnifii-. 

>f Kit/-Sti'|>hi'ii. Thi- Annals of Kilronan and of this act ofMacTyrus into an awful specimen "t 

I'loiiniacnoise add, that Milo was killed by Mac Irish treachery, and adds, that Milo had been 

Tire, I'rin.v of I'i Mac Cuille, now the barony of invited by MacTyrus to lodge at his house that 



62 aNNQta Rio^hachca eircecmN. [ii84. 

Oo pala oeabaib eccep ua plaichbfpcaij, an jiollu piabac, -| TTlac ui 
^aipmleabaij. T?o mapbab ua plaicbfpcaij ip in lomaipeacc pin -] opong 
mop DO cenel TTloain. 

pfpjal mac Qmlaib ui puaipc, DO mapbab la loclainn mac oomnaill ui 
puaipc. 

5'ollaulcdin mac cappjamna caoipeac muincipe maoitcpionna DO map- 
bob la macaib ui bpaoin -) la macaibh an cpionnaijh ui cacapnaigh 50 
ccuicceap ele a maille ppip. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1184. 
Ctoip Cpiopo mile, ceD, ochcmosacc, a cfchaip. 

^lolla lopa ua maoilin Gppcop eipibe Do ecc. 

bpian bpeipnec mac coippbelbaijj ui concobaip DO ecc. 

TTlaoiliopu ua cfpbaill Do oiponeb i ccomopbup pacpaic icp na paccbc'nl 
DO romalcac ua concobaip. 

Qpc ua maoileaclainn cicchfpna mpcaip rhiDe DO mapbab i meabail la 
Diapmaic ua mbpiain .1. mac coippbelbaij cpia popcongpa jail, -\ TTlaoil- 
peaclamn beacc Do jabail a lonaib, -j maibm Do ppaoineab laip a ccionn cpi 
la poppan Diapmaic ceDna Du in po mapbaic lie im mac marjamna i bpiain. 

Caiplen Do curhDac la jjallaib i ccill dip. 

Caipleri oile Do opccain la TTlaoilpeaclainn -\ la Concobop mafnmaije 
ua cconcobaip. Ro mapbab Dpong mop Do jallaib ann. 

Dec ecicche pichfc Do poijnib cumDaijn apDa macha DO opjam la jal- 
laib mibe. 

TTIaimpcip eapa puamh DO eDhbaipc la plaichbfpcach Ua TTlaoloopaib 
nccfpna cinel cconaill Do bia -\ DO naoim bfpnapD DO paich a anma. 

night. The same is repeated by Moore, in his Beapcai^). In the old translation of the Annals 
History of Ireland, vol. ii. p. 31 1, without quot- of Ulster preserved in the British Museum, the 
ing any authority, which is very unfair, as it name of this Tyronian family, Ua phluirbep- 
turns out that the prejudiced Giraldus is the cai^, is anglicised O'Lathvertay, which is close 
only authority. enough to the form it has assumed in modern 
f 0' 'Flaherty This was not O'Flaherty of times. The above passage is thus Englished in 
lar Connaught, but of Tyrone, where the name is this translation : " A. D. 1 183. A skirmish lie- 
now changed to Laverty, or Lafferty (O'phlaic- tween Gilla Eevagh O'Lathvertay and O'Garm- 



11X4.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 63 

A battle was fought between O'Flaherty' (Gillarevagh) and the son of 
O'Gormly, in which O'Flaherty and a great number of the Kinel-Moen were 
slain. 

Farrell, son of Auliffe O'Rourke, was slain by Loughlin, son ofDonncll 
o'Kourke. 

Gilla Ultain Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, and five others, 
were slain by the sons of the Sinnach (the Fox) O'Caharny 1 . 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1184. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-four. 

Gilla Isa O'Moylin, a bishop, died. 

Brian Breifneach, son of Turlough O'Conor, died. 

Maelisa O'Carroll was consecrated successor of St. Patrick, after Tomal- 
tach O'Conor had resigned that dignity. 

Art O'Mclaghlin, Lord of Westmeath, was treacherously slain by Dermot 
o'Urien (i. e. the son of Turlough), at the instigation of the English, and 
Melaghlin Beg assumed his place, and in three days afterwards defeated tin- 
same Dermot in a conflict, in which many persons were slain, among whom 
was the son of Mahon O'Brien. 

A castle was erected by the English at Killare*. 

Another castle was plundered by Melaghlin and Conor Moinmoy O'Conor, 
in which many of the English were slain. 

Thirty of the best houses in Armagh were plundered by the English of 

ith. 

The monastery of Assaroe 1 was granted to God and St. Bernard by Flaherty 
( >'Muldory, Lord of Kinel-Connell, for the good of his soul. 

I. a\v's son; and O'Lathvertay and some of Kin- regione Medis qu Magh atutf appellatur : in 

In-cl Muan wn> killed." qua sunt trea ecclesie ; mm parochialis viro 

* Uii'lrr tliis year the Dublin copy of the An- sancto (Aido) dicata; alia qme templum Sanctn- 

nals of lunisfallen record the erection of a mo- Brigidte, et tcrtia qua; aula SancUe Brigid* ap- 

n:istcry nt Dulcek, by Sir Hugh De Lacy. ]n.-llatur : et tres etiam fontes quorum aqau in 

h Killare^ Cillaip. A parish in the barony unum confluentibus yicinum non sine miraculo 

of Rathconrath, and county of Meath. Colgan agitur et velociter mouetur molendinum."- 

-ibes it as follows: " Killaria %-ieus est in Atta XV., p. 423, coL 2, note.31. 



[H8R 

CfnDpaolab ua jpaDa comopba cponain cuama jpene DO ecc. 

Niall mac an cpionDaij ui carapnai^ Do ecc. 

Qrhlaib mac pfpjjail ui puaipc ciccfpna bpeipne DO mapbaD a ppiull la 
ITlag pajnaill. 

Oomnall ua plannaccdin caoipeac cloinne cacail DO ecc hi cconga 
peicfn. 

pfpjal ua pajallaij DO mapbaD hi ppiull la TTlaeileclainn ua puaipc. 



QOIS CR1OSO, 1185. 
Qoip Cpiopo mile ceD ochcmo^aD a cuig. 

TTlaoiliopu ua muipeabaij pfp leccinn ooipe colaim cille Do ecc lap 
Sfnoacaij rhojaibe. 

Pilib Unpeppa co njallaib uime Do bfic in apomaca co cfnn pe laire 
cona noibcib i mf6on copjaip DO ponnpaD. 

cpiopo mac cacmaoil apD caoipeac cenel peapaoaij -| na cclann 



There are no ruins of the Castle of Killare now 
visible ; but there are considerable remains of 
the churches mentioned by Colgan. 

' Assaroe, cap puab. The remains of this 
abbey now stand about one mile west of Bally- 
shannon ; one of the side walls and a part of the 
western gable of the abbey are yet standing. 
The architecture is very good; but there are 
at present no windows or architectural features 
worthy of notice remaining. 

J Tomgraney, Cuaim jpeine. An ancient mo- 
nastery dedicated to St. Cronan, in the barony 
of Upper Tullagh, in the county of Clare. It is 
now a small village. 

k Under this year the Annals of Kilronan 
record the falling of the great church of Tuam, 
both its roof and stone work ; also the burning 
by lightning of the fortress of the Clann Mul- 
rony, called the Rock of Lough Key, in which 
>ix or seven score of persons of distinction, with 
fifteen persons of royal descent, were destroyed. 



l PhilipUnserra HeiscalledPhilip Worcester 
in the old translation of the Annals of Ulster, in 
the British Museum, and by his cotempornry Gi- 
raldus Cambrensis, Philippus Wigorniensis See 
Topographia Hibernice, dist. 2, c. 50, where there 
is a strange story told about his conduct at Ar- 
magh. Hanmer repeats the same ; and Sir Richard 
Cox, who was always anxious to hide the faults of 
the English and villify the Irish, has conde- 
scended to tell the story in the following strain : 
Hibernia Anglicana, p. 38, ad ann. 1 184 : "Pliili/i 
of Worcester, Lord Justice or Governour of Ire- 
land, came over with a smart party of Horse and 
Foot ; he also brought with him Hugh Tirrel, a 
Man of ill Report : He was not long in the Go- 
vernment, before he seized on the Lands of 
CPCathesie to the King's Use, though Lacy had 
formerly sold them : He also went a Circuit, to 
visit the Garrisons, and in March came to Ar- 
magh, where he exacted from the Clergy a great, 
Sum of Mony ; thence he went to Doicn, and 



1185.] 



ANNAI.S OF TDK KIM.Dn.M <F IKKI.ANI) 



Kcnfaela O'Grady, lueceaBOT "I" C'ronan .1' Tomgraney', dit-<l 
Niall, son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) O'Caharny, died. 
Aulille, the son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was treacherously 
-lain by Mac Rannall. 

Donnell O'Flanagun, Lord of Clann-Cahill, died at Conga-Feichin [Cong]. 
l-'arrell O'Reilly was treacherously slain by Melaghlin O'Rourke*. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1185. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-five. 

* 

Maelisa O'Murray, Lector of Derry-Columbkille, died at a venerable old age. 
Philip Unserra 1 (of Worcester) remained at Armagh with his Englishmen 
during six days and nights in the middle of Lent. 

Gilchreest Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry and of the Clans, viz. Claim- 



so to Dublin, loaden both with Curses and Kx- 
torsions. Tirrel took a Brewing-Pan from the 
poor Priests At Armagh, and carried it to /Mir//, 
Kin tli. House where he lay was burnt, and so 
were also the Horses in the Stable, so that he 
was fain to leave the Pan, ./or vant of Carriage; 
and Philip had a severe fit of the Gripes, like to 
cost him his life ; both which Punishments 
(tlifv Miy) were miraculously inflicted upon 
tin-in for their sacrilege." Cox, however, should 
Imve here stated, on the authority of Giraldus, 
that Tyn-ll restored the pan to the poor priests, 
(or CiniMiis writes: "Sed eadem nocte, igne, 
|>r<>]irio eiusdcin hnspitio accenso, equi duo qui 
HIM i Atnixi rant, cum aliis rebus non 
panels, statiui rr>mt>u*ti sunt. Pars etiam villas 
nmxiniri ( :i'li in oivasioiie igne est consumpta. 
Quo vi-o, IIiiLro Tyn-llus mane cacabum inue- 
nii-ns prorsus illsesum, pecunia ductus, Arthma- 
ciam eum remisit." It looks very strange that 
tin- Irish annalists should have passed over tin* 
transaction in sili-nci-. it licintr ju>t the sort of 
tln-y {.'iii-rally comment upon. 



m Kinel-Farry, cinel peapabuij;, and the 
Giant. The territory of Kinel-Farry, the pa- 
trimonial inheritance of the Mac Cawells (the 
descendants of Fergal, son of Muireadhach, son 
of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages) 
was nearly coextensive with the barony of 
Clogher, in the county of Tyrone ; in which 
barony all the clans here mentioned were lo- 
cated, except the Hy-Kennoda and the Claim 
Colla, who were seated in Fermanagh. The 
Hy-Kennoda gave name to the barony of Tir- 
kenncdy, which is situated in the east of F. r- 
managh, adjoining the barony of Clogher in 

Tyrone See it mentioned at the years 1427, 

1468, and 1518. The family of Mac Cathmhaoil, 
a name generally anglicised Mac Cawell and lati- 
nized Cavellus, who supplied several bishops to 
the see of Clogber, are still numerous in this 
their ancient territory, and the name is also 
found in other counties, variously anglicised 
Camphill, Cambell, Caulficld, and even Howell ; 
but the natives, when speak ing the Irish language, 
always pronounce the name lTkic Cormaoil. 



K 



Rioghachca 



[1185. 



.1. dance aengupa, clann Duibinnpeacc clann pojapcaij, ui cfnnpooa, -\ clann 
collu DO peapaib manac cfnn coriiaiple cuaipcipc 6peann Do rhapbao la hua 
neccnij ~\ la mumncip caorhain, -| a cfnn Do bpfic leo 50 pppic uaca i ccionn 
miopa lapccain. 

TTlaoilpfclainn mac muipceapeaij ui laclainn Do rhapbaD la ^allaib. 

TTlaoiliopa ua Dalaij oltarh epeann, ] alban apo caoipeac copcapaibe 
1 copcaoain, Saoi oipbepc ap ban, ap eneac, -| ap uaiple Do ecc j ccluain 
lopaipD oca oilicpe. 

TTlac pfj Sajcan .1. Seon mac an Dapa llenpi Do ceacc i n6pmn luce cpf 
picie lonj DO jabail a pije. T?o jab accliac, i laijin. Oo pome caipDiall 
oc ooppaic paccna, i occ apD pfondm. T?o aipg murha epDib. l?o bpip cpa 



n Corcaree, now a barony in the county of 
Westmeath. It is bounded on the north and 
north-east by Loch Dairbhreach, anglice Lough 
Derryvara ; on the west by Lough Iron ; and on 
the south and south-east by an irregular line 
of hills, which divide it from the barony of 
Moyashel. This territory is mentioned by our 
genealogists and historians as the inheritance 
of the descendants of Fiacha Raoidhe, the 
grandson of the monarch Felimy Reachtmhar, 
or the Lawgiver. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, 
part iii. cap. 69 ; and Duald Mac Firbis's Pedi- 
grees, p. 106. This was originally the lordship 
of O'Hionradhain, and not of O'Daly, as we 
learn from O'Dugan : 

O't)onncha6a na noa^-ap, 
l?i Cealaij mm mooapam; 
O'nionpaoam, paoipe pin, 
Rt Chopca Raoije poj loin." 

"O'Donaghoe, of good tillage, 
King of the smooth Tealach Modharain ; 
O'Hionradhain, nobler he, 
King of fairest Corca Ree." 

Corca-Adain, sometimes called Corca- Adaim. 
This was the original lordship of the O'Dalys ; 
but unfortunately its situation is not to a cer- 
tainty known. The Editor has been long of 



opinion that it is identical with the barony of 
Magheradernon, in the county of Westmeath. 
At this year, 1185, we find that O'Daly had 
possession of Corca-Ree, in addition to his own 
original territory of Corca- Adain ; and it is not 
unreasonable to conclude that the two territories 
adjoined. Here it is necessary to remark, that, ac- 
cording to O'Dugan's topographical poem, Corca- 
Adain was in Teffia, or Tir-Maine, and that Corca- 
Ree was not ; that O'Daly was descended from 
Maine, and the original inhabitants of Corca- 
Ree were not. It may therefore be lawfully 
assumed, that about this period O'Daly got a 
grant of Corca-Ree, which adjoined his original 
territory of Corca- Adain, from the O'Melagh- 
lins, for some great service which that noble 
poet had rendered them by his sword or pen. 
That Corca-Ree was not in Teffia may be clearly 
inferred from Tirechan's annotations on the Life 
of St. Patrick, in the Book of Armagh. Thus, 
in describing St. Patrick's travels through 
Mcath, that writer says : " And he (Patrick) 
built another church (Lecain) in the country of 
Roide, at Captit Art, in which he erected a stoin' 
altar, and another at Cuil-Corre, and he canu: 
across the River Ethne (Inny) into the two 
Teffias." It is, therefore, highly probable that 
the portion of the country lying between the 



na r >.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Acngus, Clann-Duibhinreacht, Clann-Fogarty, IIv-Knmoda, and Clann-Colla 
in Fermanagh, and who was the chief adviser of all the north of Ireland, was 
slain by O'llegny and Muintir-Kcevan, who carried away his head, which, how- 
rvrr, was recovered from them in a month afterwards. 

Melaghlin, the son of Murtough O'Loughlin, was slain by the English. 

Maelisa O'Daly, ollave (chief poet) of Ireland and Scotland, Lord of Cor- 
caree" and Corca-Adain , a man illustrious for his poetry, hospitality, and 
nobility, died while on a pilgrimage at Clonard. 

The son of the King of England, that is, John, the son of Henry II., came 
to Ireland with a fleet of sixty ships, to assume the government of the king- 
dom. He took possession of Dublin and Leinster, and erected castles at Ti- 
praid Fachtna" and Ardfinan", out of which he plundered Munster ; but his 
people were defeated with great slaughter by Donnell O'Brien. The son of 



River Brosnagh (which connects Lough Owel 
and Lough Ennell) and the baronies of Delvin 
and Farbil, was anciently called Feara asail, or 
Magh atail, and that the tract lying between the 
same rirer and the barony of Rathconrath, was 
called Corca-Adain. Mr. Owen Daly of Moning- 
town, in the barony of Corcaree, is supposed to 
be the present head of the O'Dalys of West- 
meath. 

P Tibraghny, cippaic paccna, L e. St. Fachna's 
well, is a townland con tain ing the ruins of an 
old castle, situated in a parish of the same name, 
on the north side of the River Suir, in the ba- 
rony of Iverk, in the south-west of the county of 
Kilkenny See the Feilire Aeiyuit, at the 13th 
of February and 18th of May, and Irish Calen- 
dar of the O'Clerys at the same days, from 
which it will be seen that this place was in the 
west of the ancient Ossory. See also the Ord- 
nance Map of the county of Kilkenny, sheets 38 
and 39. Sir Richard Cox, in his llibernia An- 
ylieana, p. 40, conjectures that this place is 
Tipperary ; and Dr. Leland, and even Mr. Moore, 
have taken Cox's guess as true history. See 
Inland's Hittory of Ireland, vol. i. p. 146; and 
Moore's, vol. ii. p. 320. 



* Ardfiiman, Qpo ,pionn6m, i. e. St. Fin- 
nan's height, or hilL It is situated in the ba- 
rony of Iffa and Offa, in the county of Tippe- 
rary. The ruins of this castle are still to be seen 
on a rock overlooking the River Suir. Giraldus 
States (Hit. Erpvynnta, lib. ii. c. 34) that John 
erected three castles, the first at Tibractia, the 
second at Archphinan, and the third at Lwmore. 
The Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen 
also state, that John Earl of Morcton, son of 
Henry, King of England, came to Ireland this 
year, accompanied by four hundred knights, and 
built the castles of Lismore, Ardfinan, and Ti<>- 
braid [Tiobraid Fachtna]. 

For the character of the English servants and 
counsellors who were in Ireland about the King's 
son at this period, the reader is referred to 
Giraldus Cambrensis' Hibernia Expugnata, lib. ii. 
c. 35, where he describes the Normans as M Ver- 
bosi, iactatores, enormium iuramentorum au- 
thores, Aliortun ex superbia contemptores," Ac. ; 
and also to Hanmer's Chronicle, and Campion's 
Hittorie of Ireland*, in which the Normans are 
described as "great quafiers, lourdens, proud, 
belly swaines, fed with extortion and bribery." 
Dublin Edition of 1809, p- 97. 



K2 



68 QNHaca rcioshachca eiReciNN. [1186. 

Domnall ua bjiiam TTlaibm ap jallaib mic Rij Sa;ran l?o cuip a nap. Do 
beachaib Dna mac pij Sajcan caipip inunn mpccain DO copaoio hugo Delacn 
pe a acaip uaip aye hugo ba poplarhaij a hucc pfj Sapcan apa cionn in 
Gpinn, i nip leicc cfop na bpaijoe cuigepium 6 pijjpaib Gpeann. 

Comcoccbail coccab Do pap i cconnaccaib eDip na piojbarhnaib .1. ercip 
17uaibpi ua concobaip -\ concobap maenmaije, mac l?uaibpi, -| concobap ua 
Diapmaoa, Carol cappac mac concobaip maonmaije, i cacalcpoiboeapj mac 
coippbealbaij, po mapbab pocaibe fcoppa. Do pome T?uaibpi ~\ a mac pib 
lap na huaiplib ele mprcain. 

lapcap connacc Do lopccab caigib, cfmplaib la Domhnall ua mbpiain, i 
la jallaib. 

Cacal cappac mac concobaip maonmaije mic Ruaibpi Do lopccab cille 
Dalua raijib, cemplaib cap a neipi, cucc a peocca -| a maoine leip. Uuab- 
rhuma beop Do milleao, ~\ Dopccam la concobap maonmaije mac RuaiDpi, I 
la gallaib. Na goilf peipne Do ceacr leip co poppcommain, -\ mac Ruaibpi 
DO cabaipc cpi mile Do buaib Doib i ccuapapcal. 

Qmlaoib ua muipfbaij eppcop apoamaca, -] cenel pfpabai^h locpann 
polupca no poillpiccheab cuac ] ecclap Decc, -\ pojapcac ua ceapballam DO 
oipDnfb ma lonab. 

DiapmaiD maj capraij cijeapna Dfpmuman Do mapbab la jallaib cop- 
caije. 

Domnall mac giolla paccpaicc njeapna oppaije Do ecc. 

QO13 CP1O3D, 1186. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, ceo, occmogao, ape. 

TTlaolcallann mac aoaim mic cleipcein eppcop cluana peapca bpenainn 
DO ecc. 

Domnall mac aoba uf laclamn Do cop a plairfp, ~\ Ruaibpi ua plaich- 
beapcaig Doiponeab la Dpuing DO cenel eojain cealca 6cc. 

1 The death of this bishop is thus noticed in cuair 7 eclaip, in Chpipro quieuic i nDun 

the Annals of Ulster: "A. D. 1185. Qrhlaim Cpucnai, 7 a cabaipc co h-onopac co t)aipi 

h-ua rDuipeoui^, epipcopup Qpotnaca 7 cen- Coluim Cille, 7 a aonucal po copaib a acap, 

mil Gpaoai j, locpunn polupca no poillpi^eo .1. an eppuic h-ui CoBraij, .1. i coeB in cem- 



UHfi.] A\\A!> OF Till-: KFNCDoM OF IUF.I.AND. ff.i 

tin- Kinir <>i' KiiLfland then returned to Kngland, to complain to his father \ 
Ilu.L'o il.' Lacy, who was the King of England's Deputy in Ireland on hif 
(John's) arrival, and who had prevented the Irish kings from sending him 
(John) either tribute or hostages. 

A general war broke out in Connaught amonLr the Roydamnas [princes], 
viz. Roderic O'Conor, and Conor Moinmoy, the son of Roderic; Conor O'Diai- 
mada ; Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy ; and Cathal Crovderg, tin- 
son of Turlough. In the contests between them many were stein. Roderic 
and his son afterwards made peace with the other chiefs. 

The West of Connaught was burned, as well churches as houses, by Don- 
nell 0'P>ri. MI and the English. 

Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy, who was the son of Rodent-. 
burned Killaloe, as well churches as houses, and carried off all the jewels and 
riches of the inhabitants. Thomond was also destroyed and pillaged by Conor 
Moinmoy, the son of Roderic, and by the English. The E*nglish came as far as 
Roscommon with the son of Roderic, who gave them three thousand cows as 
wages. 

Auliffe O'Murray, Bishop of Armagh and Kinel-Farry, a brilliant lamp that 
had enlightened clergy and laity, died'; and Fogartagh O'Carellan was oun-> 
crated in his place. 

Dermot Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, was slain by the English of Cork. 

Donnell Mac Gillapatrick, Lord of Ossory, died. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1186. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-six. 



Miielrallann, son of Adam Mac Clerken, Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan, died. 
Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, died; and Rory O'Flaherty [O'La 
verty] was elected by some of the Kiuel-Owen of Tullaghoge. 

paill bic. Thus rendered in the old transla- quievit in Dun Cruthny, and [was] brought h<>- 

ii 'ii preserved in the British Museum : " A. D. nourably to Dyry-Columkilly, and was buried at 

1185. Auliv O'Mureay, Bishop of Ardmach his father's feete, the Bishop O'Coffy, in the side 

(Tirone) and Kindred-Feray, a bright taper that of the church." It looks wry odd that a Bishop 

lightneth spiritually and temporally, in C'Mtto O'Murray should be the son of a Bishop O'Coffey ! 



70 



Rioshachca 



[1186. 



Conn ua bpfiplein (.1. caoipeac panac) camoeal eimj, -) j;aipcceD cuaip- 
cipc Gpeann Do mapbab la mac mic laclamn, i la Dpeim Do cenel eojain, -j 
imp eogain Dopccam po a birin jpon 50 paibe aon Doib ann. 

^lolla paccpaicc mac an jiolla cuipp coipeac ua mbpanam Do mapbab 
la Dorhnall ua laclamn cpe epail mumcipe bpandin po bein. 

T?uaibpi ua concobaip Do lonnapbab i murhain la concobap maonmaije 
la a mac buoein. Connaccaij DO milleab fcoppa Diblmib, -\ cuccab e Dm 
rip DO pibipi cpe comaiple pil muipebaijj, i Do paDacc cpioca ceo Dpfpann 

DO. 

llugo Delacn TTlalapcac -] Di'pcaoilceac ceall niomba cicchpfna gall 
TThbe, bpfipne, -\ aipjiall. Qp DO Dna DO bfipci ciop Connacc. Qp pe po 
j;ab fprhop Gipfnn Do jallaib. T?6 ba Ian mf&e uile 6 Shionamn 50 paippji 
DO caiplenaib jail lepp. lap ccaipccpm laparh caiplen Dfprhaije 66 caimc 



s Fanad was a territory in the north of Tir- 
Connell, or the county of Donegal, extending 
from Lough Swilly to Mulroy Lough, and from 
the sea to Ratluueltan. In the old translation 
of the Annals of Ulster this passage is rendered 
as follows: "A. D. 1186. Con O'Brislen, the 
candle of liberality and courage of the North of 
Ireland, killed by some of Kindred-Owen, and 
all Inis Owen spoyled and preyed through that, 
though innocent of it" [L e. of the crime, cm co 
paiBe cm ooiB ann]. 

1 Mac Louffftlin. There were some monarchs 
of Ireland of this family, but they were at this 
time only Lords of the Kinel-Owen. 

u Cpioca cdo signifies a cantred, or barony, 
containing 1 20 quarters of land. It is thus ex- 
plained by Giraldus Cambrensis : " Dicitur au- 
tem cantaredus tarn Hibernica quam Britannica 
tanta terra; portio quanta 100. villas continere 

solet." Hibernia Erpugnata, lib. ii. c. 18 

See also O'Fkherty's Ogygia, pp. 24, 25 ; and 
O'Brien's Irish Dictionary, at the word Cpioca. 
It is translated, " Cantaredus seu Centivillnria 
regio" by Colgan, in Triat Thaum.,y. 19, col. 2, 
n. 51. 



w Hugo de Lacy The character and descrip- 
tion of the personal form and appearance of 
Hugo de Lacy, is thus given by his contempo- 
rary, Giraldus Cambrensis : 

" Si viri colorem, si vultum quscris, niger, 
nigris ocellis & defossis : naribus simis, facie a 
dextris igne casuali, men to tenus turpiter adusta. 
Collo contracto, corpore piloso, pariter et ner- 
uoso. Si staturam quaeris, exiguus. Si factu- 
ram, deformis. Si mores : firmus ac stabilis, & 
Gallica sobrietate temperatus. Negotiis fami- 
liaribus plurimum intentus. Commisso quoque 
regimini, rebusque gerendis in commune vigi- 
lantissimus. Et quanquam militaribus negotiis 
plurimum instructus, crebris tamen expeditio- 
num iacturis, Ducis officio non fortunatus : post 
vxoris mortem vir vxorius, & non vnius tantum, 
sed plurimarum libidini datus : vir auri cupi- 
dus & auarus, propriique honoris & excellentia?, 
trans modestiam ambitiosus." Hi hernia Expug- 
nata, lib. ii. cap. 20. 

x Profaner, tnalapcac. This word is used in 
the best Irish manuscripts, in the sense of pro- 
faner or defiler, and the verb malapcuijim 
means, I defile, profane, curse. The following 



us; 



ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OK IRELAND. 



71 



Con O'Breslcn, Chief of Fanad', the lamp of the hospitality and valour of tin- 
north of Ireland, was slain by the son of Mac Loughlin" and a party of the Kinel- 
( hvcn ; in consequence of which Inishowen was unjustly ravaged. 

Gillapatrick Mac Gillacorr, Chief of the Hy-Branain, was slain at the insti- 
gation of the Hy-Branain themselves. 

Roderic O'Conor was banished into Munster by his own son, Conor Moin- 
moy. By the contests between both the Connacians were destroyed. Roderic, 
however, by the advice of the Sil-Murray, was again recalled, and a triocha- 
ched u of land was given to him. 

I lugo de Lacy," the profaner* and destroyer of many churches ; Lord of the- 
English of Meath, Breifny, and Oriel ; he to whom the tribute of Connaught 
was paid ; he who had conquered the greater part of Ireland for the English, 
and of whose English castles' all Meath, from the Shannon to the sea, was 
full ; after having finished the castle of Durrow 1 , set out, accompanied by 



examples of it in the Leabhar Ereac, fol. 19, b, 6, 
will prove its true meaning : Uuip ip menic 
elni5chep 7 mulapcuijjchep in pobul uili qua 
itnapbup aenoume ; como aipe pin ip coip po 
ceooip a maluiprpium nap ob jjuapochc DO 
pochaioe he 7 na caecpac cpia pochamo. "For 
it is often that all the people are corrupted and 
dcliled through the crime of one man ; where- 
fore it is proper to excommunicate him, that he 
may not be dangerous to the multitude, and 
that they may not fall through him." Also at foL 
4, b, l>, Ocup acbepim, ol pe, a beich mulupca, 
epcoiccheno cpia bichu. " And I say, quoth he, 
let me be accursed, excommunicated for ever." 

i Kiujlith cattle* For a curious account of the 
castles erected by Sir Hugh de Lacy, the reader 
is referred to Ilibemia Expugnata, by Giraldus 
Canilm n-i-, cap. 19, 21, and 22. Besides his 
M ;ith castles he erected one at New Leighlin, 
in I drone, called the Black Castle; one at Tach- 
nu'ho now Tiuiahoc, in the territory of Leix ; 
one at Tristcrdcrmot, now Castledenuot, in the 
tiTritory of Hy-Muiredhaigh, O'Toole's original 
country ; one at Tulachfelmeth, now Tullow, in 



the county of Carlo w; one on the Barrow, near 
Leighlin ; and one at Kilkea, and another at 
Narragh, in the present county of Kildare. 
See also Hanmer't Chronicle, Dublin Edition, 
pp.321, 322. 

' Daipnnach, now Durrow, situated in tin- 
north of the King's County, and close to tin- 
boundary of the county of Westmeath, where 
St. Columbkille erected a famous monastery 
about the year 550. See Lanigan's Ecclesiasti- 
cal History of Ireland, voL ii. p. 118. At the 
period of the erection of this monastery, Dur- 
row was in the territory of Teffia, and the site 
was granted to St. Columbkille by Brendan, 
Chief of Teffia, the ancestor of the Irish chieftain, 
Fox, or O'C'aharny, at whose instigation Sir 
Hugh de Lacy was murdered. Adamnan, in 
his Life of Columba, thus speaks of the founda- 
tion of a monastery in this place by St. Columb- 
kille : " Vir beatus in mediterraned Uibernue 
parte Monasterium, quod Scotice dicitur Dar- 
maig, divino fundavit uutu." See his Life of 
Columba, published by Colgan in Triat Thattm., 
lib. i. cap. 31. lib. iL c 2, and lib. iii. c. 19. 



7-2 



[118G. 



amac 750 ccpiap gall ma coirhioeacc Do bechpam an caiplen. Uainic Din 
aon occlac ^lolla gan lonarap 6 TTlia&aij Do pfpcnb ceachba Dia ^01516 ~\ 



nevertheless, that the Darmaig of Adamnan is 
Durrow, in the county of Kilkenny; but he 
offers no proof, and is manifestly in error. See 
his little work entitled the Life and Prophecies 
of St. Columbkille. 

a O'Meyey There are several families of 

this name in the county of Westmeath, and in 
the parish of Magheross, in the county of Mo- 
naghan. 

Mr. Moore, in his History of Ireland, vol. ii. 
p. 321, states that De Lacy " met his death from 
a hand so obscure, that not even a name remains 
associated with the deed." And adds, in a note: 
" Several names have been assigned to the per- 
petrator of this act, but all differing so much 
from each other, as to shew that the real name 
was unknown. Geoffry Keating, with that love 
of dull invention which distinguished him, de- 
scribes the assassin as a young gentlemen in dis- 
guise" Kea ting's account of this murder referred 
to by Mr. Moore, is thus given in Dr. Lynch's 
translation of Keating's History of Ireland : 

" Hugo de Lacy Midise ab Henrico pra?popitns 
tanto illico in indigenes seviendi libidine cor- 
rcptus est, ut nobilem imprimis in eo tractu 
Colmanorum gentem funditus pene deleverit, 
aliisque regionis illius proceribus insidias dolose 
instruxerit, et laqueis quas tetenderat im-tit.>> 
vita fortiiuis spoliaverit. flu idem autem e no- 
bililatis flore animosvsjtircnis indignissimam hanc 
suorum csedem, fortunarumque jacturam iniquif- 
simo ferens animo, audax sane fscinus ftggrewus 
est. Cum enim Hugo condendo castello Durma- 
giae in Midia teneretur implicitus, operarios qiu >s- 
cumque idonea mercede conducons, quibns it;i 
familiariter usus est, ut consortio eorum opcris- 
ipic, quandoque se immiscucrit; jtinenis ille nf>- 
liili.t operarii speciem cultu proe se furcns operain 
>u;iin ad hoc opus locavit, confus furr, ut facul- 



Venerable Bede has the following notice of 
the erection of this monastery (Histor. lib. iii. 
c.4); 

"Fecerat, (Columba) priusquam Britanniam 
veniret monasterium nobile in Hibernia, quod a 
copia Roborum Dearmach lingua Scotorum, hoc 
est, Campus Roborum, cognominatur." 

Camden and Mercator thought that by Dear- 
mach in this passage, Bede meant Armagh, and 
the former, in pp. 764, 765, of his Hibernia, 
states, that a celebrated monastery was founded 
at Armagh by Columba, about the year 610 ; but 
Dssher, who knew Irish topography far better 
than either of these writers, proves that Dear- 
macli was the present Durrow in the King's 
County. 

" Columbse vero Dearmach eadem ipsa est 
quam Giraldus Cambrensis (Hibern. Expugnat. 
lib. ii. c. 34) non Dernach, ut habet liber editus, 
scil ut M3S. Dervach vel Dermach : (litcram 
fiiiin M aspiratam et v consonam eadem pene 
sono Hiberni efferunt:) ubi Midiaj ilium debel- 
latoreiii Ilii'itmem de Lacy, a securibus male se- 
mriim. >/olo Hiberncnsmm suorum interemptum 
1'uisse narrat. In regio comitatu ea est, Burtogl) 
vulgo appellata : qua? monasterium habuit S. 
Columbse nomine insigne; inter cujus Kupfatf 
Euangeliorum Codex vetustissimus asservabatur, 
(]uem ipsius Columbse fuisse monachi dictitabant. 
ex quo, et non minoris antiquitatis altero, eidem 
Columbee assignato (quern in urbe Stilts sive 
Htnlis dicta Midenses sacrum habent) diligenti 
cum editione vulgata Latina collatione facta, in 
iM^trn> iiMis variantium lectionum binos libellos 
concinnavimus." Primordia, pp. 690, 691 ; 
:ind Britannicaruiii /.',,/,,.'<//?/( Antiquitates, 
London, 1687, p. 361. 

The Rev. Di-nis 'J'aaile, who was well ac- 
witli the forogoing passage, asserts, 



1188 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRKI.AM). 



78 



tlmv Kuirlislmu'ii, to view it. One of the men of Teffia, a youth named Gilla- 
gan-inathur O'Meyey*, approachc-d him, and drawing out an axe, which he had 



tatem aliquando nancisceretur animam illarn 
tanti guorum sanguinis profusione cruentatam 
huurifiuli; mr suu spo frustratiis est ; quadam 
nun \ ii'<- Hugonetn gravitcr in opus incumben- 
tem con*pieatus, bipennem alte sublatum in ter- 
gum ejus adegit, animamque dumicilio suo ez- 
egit, ac extrusit." 

That this story wag not invented by the honest 
Keating, will appear from the following entry in 
the Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster, which 
was transcribed long before he was born. 

A. D. 1186. Uja oe 6aci .1. mulapenc 7 
oipcailcec iieimt-o 7 cell Gpenn, a mapbao i 
n-emech coluim cille ic oenum caipceoil .1. 
a nt)epmui; oo mcipbao o' O m.iaoai oo 
Cecba. 

" A. D. 1186. Hugo de Lacy, L e. the pro- 
faner and destroyer of the sanctuaries and 
churches of Ireland, was killed in revenge of 
Columbkille, while making a castle at Durrow ; 
he was killed by O'Meyey of Teffia." 

This entry is thus rendered in the old trans- 
lation of the Annals of Ulster in the British Mu- 
seum : "AD. 1186. Hugh de Lacy killed by a 
we irkiuan. Hugh de Lacy, spoyler of churches 
and privileges" [neimeo] " of Ireland, killed by 
one of Brewny, by the Fox O'Catharny, in re- 
venge of Colum Kill, building a castle in Dorow 
(his Abby, Anno 640 [540 ?J ex quo fundata est 
Daria Koclesia)." It will be seen that in this pas- 
sage the translator, who was well acquainted 
with the English accounts of the murder of De 
I.a. y, ivnders O' miuouij, by "a workman" \ 
thus : " Hugh de Lacy killed by a workman of 
Tathva" (oo nuipbao o' O miuouij oo Cecba). 
But this is so manifest a Hiimli-r that it is unne- 
cessary to descend to particulars to refute it ; for 
O' m 106.11,1; is decidedly a family name, not 
nftauing descendant of the labouring man, but 



descendant of the honourable man, for miu6 
means honour, respect, and miaoac, an honour- 
able or estimable man. In the record of the 
murder of Hugo De Lacy, preserved in the An- 
nals of Kilronan, it is stated that this O'Meyey 
was the fos terson of the Fox, Chief of Teffia. The 
passage is very curious and runs as follows : 
" A. D. 1 186. Uga oe 6aci oo Oupmaj Coluim 
cille, oo oenam caiplem mod, 7 pluaijj oiuip- 
roibe oo juUaiB laip ; uaip ip p pa pig fTliof 
7 &pepni, 7 Gipgiall, 7 ip 06 oo bepca cip 
Connacc, 7 po gap 6pmn uile DO gallaiB. 
M ' po Ian ono Tllioi o Sinamn co paipci DO 
[reete o'a] caiplenaip, 7 oo jallaiB. lap ccaipc- 
pin oo in qxio^uip pin .1. caiplen Oupmaij^e 
DO Denaim, cumic amacli DO pecham an ccnp- 
lem, 7 rpiap oo gallaiB laip. Camic Dno 
en occlac DO pepuip miDe Da inDpaige. 7 a 
cuojh pa na coim .1. Jilla yn inathup o 
miaoaij^, oalca an cSinnaib peippm, 7 cue 
in puille oo, jup Ben a cenn oe, 7 j;up cuic 
eicip ceno 7 colaino a clooh an caiplen." 
" A. D. 11 86. Hugo de Lacy vent to Durrow to 
make a castle there, having a countless number of 
the English with him; for he was King of Meath, 
Breifny, and Oriel, and it was to him the tribute 
of Connaught was paid, and he it was that won 
all Ireland for the English. Meath, from tin- 
Shannon to the sea, was full of his castles, and 
English [followers]. After the completion of 
this work by him, L e. the erection of the castle 
of Durrow, he came out to look at the castle, 
having three Englishmen along with him. Then 
came then one youth of the men of Meath up to 
him, having his battle-axe concealed, namely, 
Gilla-gan-inatliur O'Meyey, the fostenon of tin- 
Fox himself, and he gave him one blow, so that 
he cut off his head, and he fell, both head and 
body, into the ditch of the castle." 



74 dNNaca Rioshachca emeaNN. [1186. 

ruaj po a coimm laipp. Do bfpc buille Do llugo gup bfn a cfnn De gup 
cuic eccip cfnn ~\ colainn i cclab an caiplen i neneac colaim cille. Clguf 
no cuain jiolla gan lonacap no copan a peaca apj", 6 j;allaib ~\ o jaoibealaib 



Now it is quite clear, from these authorities, 
that Mr.Moore is wrong in charging Keating with 
dull invention for having written that the mur- 
derer of De Lacy was a young gentleman in dis- 
guise. He should have remembered that Keating 
had many documents which he (Mr. Moore) could 
not understand, and which are probably now lost. 
As to calling O'Meyey & gentleman, we must ac- 
knowledge that the term could then be properly 
enough applied to a youth who had been fos- 
tered by an Irish chief of vast territorial pos- 
sessions, till he had been deprived of them by 
De Laoy. The scheme of O'Meyey could have 
been known to the Irish only. The English 
might have taken it for granted that he was a 
labourer at the castle. But after all there seems 
to be no original English authority which calls 
the murderer of De Lacy a labouring man, nor 
any authority whatever for it older than Holing- 
shed. Campion, who wrote in 1571, gives the 
following description of the occurrence, in his 
Histarie of Ireland, which savours really of 
dull invention : " Lacy the rather for these 
whisperings, did erect and edifie a number of 
Castles, well and substantially, provided in 
convenient places, one at Derwath, where 
diverse Irish prayed to be set on worke, for 
hire. Sundry times came Lacy to quicken his 
labourers, full glad to see them fall in ure 
with any such exercise, wherein, might they 
once be grounded & taste the sweetness of a 
true man's life, he thought it no small token of 
reformation to be hoped, for which cause he 
visited them often, and merrily would command 
his Gentlemen to give the labourers example in 
taking paines, to take their instruments in hand, 
and to worke a season, the poore soules looking 
on and resting. But this game ended Tragically, 



while each man was busie to try his culming; 
some lading, some plaistering, some heaving, 
some carving; the Generall also himselfe digg- 
ing with a pykeaxe, a desperate villain of them, 
he whose toole the Generall used, espying both 
his hands occupied and his body, with all force 
inclining to the blow, watched his stoope, and 
clove his head with an axe, little esteeming the 
torments that ensued" [no torments ensued, for 
the murderer, who was as thin as a greyhound, 
baffled all pursuit ED.] " This Lacy was con- 
querour of Meth, his body the two Archbishops, 
John of Divelin and 3[athew of Cashell, buryed in 
the monastery of Becktye, his head in S. Thoma 
abbey at Divelin." Ilistorie of Ireland, Dublin 
Edition, pp. 99, 100. See also Hanmer's Chroni- 
cle, Dublin Edition, pp. 322, 323, where Han- 
mer observes of the tragical end of De Lacy : 
" Whose death (I read in IMimhed) the king 
was not sorry of, for he was always jealous of 
his greatnesse." 

The only cotemporaneous English account of 
this event are the following brief words of Gi- 
raldus Cambrensis, in the 34th chapter of the 
second book of his Hibernia Expugnata, which is 
headed Breois gestorum recapitulatio: "De Hu- 
gonis de Lacy a securibus male securi dole II i- 
berniensium suorum apud Dernach [reete Der- 
uach] decapitatione." Giraldus would call both 
the Fox and his fosterson O'Meyey the people 
of De Lacy, inasmuch us they were inhabitants 
of Meath, of which he was the chief lord, and 
of which, it would appear from William of New- 
burg, ho intended to style himself king. The 
Abbe Mac Geoghegan, in his Histoire d' Irlande, 
torn. ii. ]). 36, calls the murderer of De Lacy a 
young Irish lord disguised as a labouring man, 
("un jeunc seigneur Irlandoi^ dgnise en <niv- 



ANNALS OF T1IK KlMiDoM OF IKF.I.ANI) 



( -nil, -calcd. In-, with one blow of it, severed his head from his body; and 
both head and trunk full into the ditch of the castle. This was in rerenge of 
Cohunlikilh'. GilUi-gan-inathar fled, and, by his fleetness of foot, made hi.- 



rior"), in which he is borne out by Keating, 
and not contradicted by the Irish annals ; but 
he had no authority for stating that Symmachus 
O'Cahargy (for so he ignorantly calls an Sin- 
nach OC'aharny, or the Fox, Chief of Teffia), 
who had an armed force concealed in a neighbour- 
ing wood, rushed upon, and put to the sword 
the followers of De Lacy ; or that the Irish 
obtained possession of his body. The fact 
would appear to be, that his own people buried 
De Lacy's body in tho cemetery of Durrow, 
where it remained till the year 1195, when, as 
we learn from Grace's Annals and other autho- 
ritio, the Archbishops of Cashel and Dublin 
removed it from the Irish territory ("ex Ily- 
bernica plaga"), and buried the body in the 
Abbey of Bective in Meath, and the head in St 
Thomas's church in Dublin. It appears, more- 
over, that a controversy arose between the ca- 
nuns of St. Thomas's and the monks of Bective, 
, concerning the right to his body, which contro- 
versy was decided, in the year 1205, in favour 
of tho former, who obtained the body, and in- 
terred it, along with the head, in the tomb of 
his lir>t wile, Uus:i de Muuemene. See Harris's 
Wutv, vol. i. p. 141, and the Abbe Mac Geo- 
ghegan (ubi supra). De Lacy's second wife was 
Rose, daughter of King Roderic O'Conor, whom 
he married in the year 1180, contrary (says 

Holingshed) to the wishes of King Henry II 

See Dublin Copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, 
A. I). 1180, and H.mimr 1 , Chronicle, Dublin 
Kdition, p. 318. It is stated in Grace's Annals 
ol'Ireland, that tin- Sir Huirli left two sons (but 
by what mother we are not infonncil). Waltt T 
and Hugh, of whom, according to the Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, the former 
became King of Meath, and the latter Earl of 

L 



Ulster. It also appears from the Irish annals, 
that De Lacy had, by the daughter of King 
Roderic O'Conor, a son called William Gorra ; 
from whom, according to Duald Mac Firing, 
the celebrated rebel, Pierce Oge Lacy of Brurec 
and Bruff, in the county of Limerick, who 
flourished in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
was the eighteenth in descent ; and from whom 
also the Lynches of Gal way have descended. 
(8e Vita A'iroiYim, p. 9, and O'Flaherty's Ac- 
count of lar-Connaught, printed for the Irish 
Archaeological Society, p. 36.) The race of 
Walter and Hugh, who were evidently the 
sous of Hugh I., by his first wife, became ex- 
tinct in the male line. Walter left two daugh- 
ters, namely, Margaret, who married the Lord 
Theobald Verdon, and Matilda, who married 
Geoffry Genevile. Hugh had one daughter, 
Maude, who married Walter De Burgo, who, in 
her right, became Earl of Ulster. See Han- 
mer's Chronicle, Dublin Edition, pp. 387, 388, 
392. For the different accounts of the death of 
Hugh de Lacy the reader is referred to Guliel- 
mus Neubrigensis, or William of Newburg, L 3, 
c. 9 ; Holingshed's Chronicle ; Camden's Bri- 
tannia, p. 151 ; Ware's Annals, A. D. 1186; 
Cox's Ilibfrnia ^ngticana, p. 40; Leland's His- 
tory of Ireland, vol. L pp. 147, 148; Littleton's 
Life of Henry II., book 5 ; and Moore's History 
of Ireland, voL' ii. pp. 321, 322. 

It may not, perhaps, be out of place here to re- 
mark, that, in our own time, a somewhat similar 
disaster occurred at Durrow; for its proprietor, 
the Earl of Norbury, was assassinated by a hand 
still unknown, after he had completed a castle 
on the site of that erected by De Lacy, and, as 
some would think, after having insulted St. 
Columbkille by preventing the families under 



76 QHwata Rio^hachca eiReaNR [1187. 

po coill an cldip. Rdinicc lapam i ccfnn an cpionnaij ~\ ui bpaoin, uaip 
appiao po pupdil aip an ciapla DO mapbab. 

TTlupchab mac caibj ui v ceallaijh cijfpna ua mdine Do mapbab la 
concobap maonmai je. 

O bpfiplein caoipeac panac hi ccenel cconaill DO mapbab la mac mic 
laclamn. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1187. 
Qoip CpiopD mile, ceD, ochcmojhac, a peachc. 

TTluipcfpcac ua maoiluibip eppoc cluana peapca, -\ cluana mic noip Decc. 

TTlaoilfopa ua cfpbaill eppucc aipjiall Decc. 

Puaibpi ua plaichbfpcaij cicchfpna cenel eojain Do mapbab ap cpec i 
ccip Conaill la hua maoloopaij .1. plaicbfpcach. 

Cappacc locha ce Do lopccab Do cene Doaic. l?o baibfb ~[ po loipceab 
mjfn ui eibm (.1. Duibeapa) bfn concobaip mic Diapmaca (cijfpna maije 
luipcc) 50 peace cceoaib (no cfcpaca ap ceo), no ni ap uille eiccip pfpaib 
] mnaib ppi pe naon uaipe innce. 

^lolla lopa mac ailella ui bpaoin pecnap ua maine pfnchaibe pccpibmje, 
1 peap Dana D'ecc. 

his tutelage from burying their dead in the generally anglicised Moylurg. The district is 

ancient cemetery of Durrow. now locally called the " Plains of Boyle." This 

b Kilclare, Coill a' claip This place, which territory was bounded on the north by the Ivivn 

was originally covered with wood, retains its Boyle ; on the east partly by the Shannon and 

name to the present day. It is a townland in partly by the territory of Tir Briuin na Sionna ; 

the parish of Kilbride, in the barony of Kil- on the south by Magh Naoi, or Machaire Chon- 

coursy and King's County See Ordnance Map nacht, which it met near Elphin ; and on the west 

of the King's County, sheet 8. by the River Bridoge, which divided it from tlu- 

' Maelisa O'Carrott. He was elected Arch- district of Airteach. Moylurg extended from 

bishop of Armagh, and died on his journey Lough O'Gora to Carrick-on-Shanuon; from tin: 

towards Rome. See Harris's Ware, vol. L p. Curlieu Mountains to near Elphin; and from 

180. Lough Key to the northern boundary of the ]>- 

* Lough Key The Rock of Lough Key, cup- rish of Kilmacumshy. Mac Dermot was Chief 

paic loca ce, is the name of a castle on an of Moylurg, Airteach, and Tir Tuathail ; and at 

island in Lough Key, near Boyle, in the county the time of dividing the county of RoMommon 

of Roscommon. It is still kept in good repair. into baronies, these three territories were joined 

uirg, i. e. the plain of the track, or road, into one, and called the barony of Hoylc. Lat- 



1187-] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 77 

escape from the English and Irish to the wood of Kilclare". He afterwards 
went to the Siini'iijh (the Fox) and O'Breen, at whose instigation he had 
killed the Earl. 

Murrough, the son of Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, was slain by 
Conor Moiiunoy [O'Conor]. 

O'Breslen, Chief of Fanat in Tirconnell, was slain by the son of Mac 
Loughlin. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1187. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-seven. 

Murtough O'Maeluire, Bishop of Clonfert and Clonmacnoise, died. 

Maelisa 0'Carroll c , Bishop of Oriel (Clogher), died. 

Rory O'Flaherty [O'Laverty], Lord of Kinel-Owen, was slain, while on a 
predatory excursion into Tirconnell, by O'Muldory (Flaherty). 

The rock of Lough Key d was burned by lightning. Duvesa, daughter of 
O'Heyne, and wife of Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg', with seven hun- 
dred (or seven score f ) others, or more, both men and women, were drowned 
or burned in it in the course of one hour. 

(Jilla-Isa [Gelasius], the son of Oilioll O'Breen, Sech-Abb [Prior] of Hy- 
Many, a historian, scribe, and poet, died. 

i.rly. however, by a Grand Jury arrangement, of Taghboyne, or Tibohine." 

the south-west part of the barony of Boyle has f Sertn tcore is interlined in the original : 

been called the barony of French- Park, from the the compilers could not determine which was 

little town of that name. See other references the true number, and so gave the two readings, 

to Moylurg at the years 1446 and 1595. The In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster, it 

following parishes are placed in the deanery of is stated that the number destroyed on this occa- 

Moylurg by the Liber Reyalit Vititationit of sion was "un.cAc, no m if moo," and in the old 

1615 ; but it must be understood that by Moy- translation, the number 700 is written in Ara- 

lurg is there meant all Mac Dermot's lordship, bic figures. Thus : " A. D. 1 187. The Carrick 

which comprised Moylurg (now the plains of of Lough Cc burnt at noone, where the daugh- 

Boylc), In Tiiathail and Airtcuch ; viz. Kilnama- ter of O'Heiyn was burnt and drowned. Coner 

nagh; Ardcarne; Killutuod; Assylin, now Boyle Mac Dermot, King of Moyloyrg, and 700 or 

parish; Taghboin, now Tibohine; Killcoulagh; more, men and women, were burnt and drowned 

Killowckin, now Kulluckin, in Irish Cill 6iBi- within an hower." 

cin; Kilrudun, CUmard, and Killicknan, be- The burning of this fortrew is recorded in the 

longing then (us they now ul>o do) to tin- parish Annals of Kilronan, at the yean 1185 and 1 187; 



78 



[1187. 



Caiplen cille aip Do lopccaD ~\ DO mupab pop jijallaib la concobap 
mafnmaijje -\ la maelpechlainn mbecc cona cepna pjeolanga uaca gan 
mapbaD, i muohucchaoh. Uuccpac a bpomb, a naipm, apceic, alluipeacha, 
1 a neocha leo, i po mapbaicc Dip DO pioepibh leo. 

Oonnchaoh ua puaipc Do mapbaoh la mumnp eolaip hi ppiull. 

Opuimcliabh Do opccain Do mac TTIaelpeachlainn uf jiuaipc Do cijjeapna 
ua mbpiuin -\ comnaicne, -| DO mac carail hui puaipc, -] goill mi6e amaille 
ppiu. Do pome Dia, -] coluim cille piopc ampa innpin, uaip po mapbaD mac 
maelechlainn ui puaipc pia caonn coicoipi mp pin hi cconmaicnibh, -] po 
DallaD mac cacail huf puaipc la hua maoloopaiD .1. plaicbfpcach in enech 
colaim cille. T?o mapbaD Dna pe pichic Dafp jpaba mfic Hlaoilpechlainn 
ap puD conmaicne, ~\ caipppe Dpoma cliabh cpe miopbail 06, -] coluim cille. 

TTlac Diapmacca, TTluipsfp mac caiDcc, cigfpna muije luipcc Decc ina 
rijh pfm ap claonloch hi ccloinn cuain. 

Rajnall mag cochlam ciccfpna Dealbna Do ecc. 

QOD mac maoileachlamn ui puaipc njeapna bpeipne Do mapbaD la 
macaib cuinn 11165 paghnaill. 

Qipeaccach mac amalgam caoipeac calpaije Do ecc. 



at the former year the number stated to have beeu 
destroyed is six or seven score, but at the latter 
the number destroyed is not stated. In the An- 
nals of Boyle the burning of Carraic Locha Ce 
is recorded under the year 1186, but the num- 
ber destroyed is not mentioned. 

8 Muintir-Edaig, i. c. the Mac Eannals and 
their correlatives, who were seated in the south- 
ern or level part of the present county of Lei- 
trim. Their country was otherwise called Magh 
Rein ; and they were as often called Conmaicne 
Maighe Rein, as Muintir-Eolais. 

" Drumdiff, Dpuim cliab A small village 
in the barony of Carbury, and county of Sligo, 
remarkable for the remains of an ancient rqund 
tower. O'Donnell, in his Life of St. Columb- 
kille, states that a monastery was founded here 
by that saint. This is doubted by Dr. Lanigan, 
in his Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. ii. 



pp. 132-137; but it must be acknowledged that 
St. Columbkille was held in peculiar veneration 
at this place, and was regarded as its patron 
See Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys at 9th of June. 

' Son of Melaghlin. His name was Aedh, or 
Hugh, according to the Dublin copy of the An- 
nals of Ulster. 

J In revenge of Columbkille, i neneac colaim 
cille. This phrase, which occurs so frequently 
throughout the Irish annals, is rendered " in 
revenge of Columkill" in the old translation of 
the Annals of Ulster, preserved in the British 
Museum, in which the above passage is rendered 
as follows: "A. D. 1187. Drumcliew spoylrd 
by mac Moyleghlin O'Royrck, King of O'Briuin 
and Conmacne, and by Cathal O'Royrck's son, 
and the Galls of Meath with them ; but God 
shewed a miracle for Columkill there, li>r Moy- 
laghlin's son was killed two weeks after, and 



11H7-] ANNALS OF TIIK KIMilJO.M OF IUKI.AND. 7i 

The castle of Killaiv, which was in possession of the English, was buriu-d 
and demolished by Conor Moinmoy [O'Conor] and Melaghlin Beg : and not 
one of the English escaped, but were all suffocated, or otherwise killed ; 
They carried away their accoutrements, arms, shields, coats of mail, and horses, 
and slew two knights. 

Donough O'Rourkc was treacherously slain by the Muintir-Eolais 1 . 

DrumclilP was plundered by the son' of Melaghlin O'Rourke, Lord of Hy- 
Briuin and Conmaicne, and by the son of Cathal O'Rourke, accompanied by 
tin- English of Meath. But God and St. Columbkillc wrought a remarkable 
miracle in this instance; for the son of Melaghlin 1 O'Rourke was killed in Con- 
maicne a fortnight afterwards, and the eyes of the son of Cathal O'Rourke 
were put out by O'Muldory (Flaherty) in revenge of Columbkille'. One hun- 
dred and twenty of the son of Melaghlin's retainers were also killed throughout 
Conmaicne and Carbury of Drumcliff, through the miracles of God and St 
Columbkille. 

Mac Dermot (Maurice, son of Teige), Lord of Moylurg, died in his .wn 
mansion on Claenlough, in Clann-Chuain". 

Randal Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin, died. 

HiiL'h, the son of Melaghlin O'Rourke, Lord of Breifny, was slain by tin- 
sons of Con Mag Rannal. 

Aireaghtagh Mac Awley, Chief of Calry, died 1 . 

Cutlml's son was blinded, with whom the army him, and placed himself under the protection 

in O'Moyldory's house, in revenge of of Mac Dermot, Chief of Moylurg See Tribe* 

( 'olnmkill, and a hundred and twenty of the and Cuttomt of Hy-FiachracA, printid in 1844, 

ehirfest" [followers] "of the sons of Moylaghlin for the Irish Archaeological Society, pp. 163, 

were killed in Conmacne and Carbry of Drum- 204, 205. Tin- name Claonloch is now forgot- 

Uiew. tlinmirh the miracles of Columkill." ten; it was probably the ancient name of the 

k dann-Cfitinin, Clonn Chuain, called also lake of Castlebar, for we learn from the Book 

Kir 'I hire tuiil Fir Siuire ; their territory com- of Locan that the Clann Chuain were seated on 

prised tin- northern pnrt of the barony of Carra, the River Siuir, which flows through the town 

in the foiinty of Mayo, and was originally a of Castlebar. 

lirtiuii oi' tin- country of O'Dowda, under ' Chief of Calry, cuoirac calpaige, that is, 

whom it was held by O'Quin of Carra; but about of Calry-an-chala, which, according to the trt>- 

the year 1150, O'Quin, in consequence of the ilition in the country, and as can be proved 

Wbarous conduct of Rory Mear O'Dowda, who from various written authorities, comprised the 

violated liis daughter while on a visit at his entire of the parish of Ballyloughloe, in the 

c<>\>iiiM's) house, renoiiiu-en. liis all.'.'iance to county of Westmeath. 



80 QNNata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1188. 



QO1S CR1OSO, 1188. 
Qoip CpiopD mile, ceo, ochcmojac, a hochc. 

TTlapcam ua bpolai^h aipoeccnaiD gaoibeal -\ pfp Ifijmn QpDa macha 
Do ecc. 

Qeoh ua bechan eppcop mnpi cacaij DO ecc. 

Qmtaoib ua Daijjpe DO cocc co hf Dia oilicpe, -\ a ecc ann iap naicpijhe 
coccaibe. 

Ruaibpi ua canannam cijfpna cmel cconaill ppi hfb, ~\ pio^hoamna 
Gpeann bfop Do mapbaD la plaicbfpcac ua maoloopaiD cpe mebail ace 
Dpoichfc Sliccighe iap na bpeccaD Do lap Dpomaclmbh amach, -\ bpacaip 
ele DO Do mapbaD amaille ppip, ~[ Dpfm Dia mumnap. TTlajnap ua gaipb 
coipeac pfp nopoma (po imbip larh ap ua ccanannain) Do mapbaD la muinn- 
np eachmapcaij ui Dochapcaij i nDio^ail uf canannam. 

Oomnall ua canannam Do IfopaD a coipi Dia cuaij pfm i nDoipe ace 
bfm apcclamge connaioh, -\ a ecc De cpia eapccaine pamra colaim cille. 

^oill caipceoil maije coba, ~\ Dpong Do uib eachbach ulaD Do cocc ap 
cpeich i ccip eogain 50 ccopachcacap 50 Ifim mic neill, l?o gabpac bu annpm. 
Do DeachaiD Dorhnall ua laclamn cona cfcclac ma nDeaohaib, puce oppa 

m O'Brdy, O6polaij This name still exists pp. 2-7. It continued to be the seat of a bishop 

in Derry, anglicised Brawly and Broly. This till about this period (1188), when it seems to 

passage is given in the Dublin copy of the An- have been united to the see of Limerick. Ussher, 

nals of Ulster, as follows : A. D. 1188. tTlapcam however, who thought that it owed its origin 

hua bpolaij apoecnaio ^oeibel uile, 7 apo to St. Patrick, informs us that its possessions 

pep lei^mn aipo maca DO ec. And thus ren- were divided between the sees of Limerick, Kil- 

dered in the old English translation in the Bri- laloe, and Ardfert : " Atq; hie notandum, Patri- 

tish Museum : "A. D. 1188. Martan O'Brolay, cium in metropoli Armachana successore relicto 

archlearned of the Irish all, and archlector of ad alias Ecclesias constituendas animum adje- 

Armagh, died." cisse : in quibus sedes ilia Episcopalis fuit in 

" Inii-Cathy, Imp Carai j. Now called Scat- Sinei (Sljanan) fluminis alveo, Init catti & eodem 

tery Island. It is situated in the Shannon, near sensu in Provincial! Romano Imitla Cathay 

the town of Kilrush, and is remarkable for the appellata. Is Episcopatus inter Limiricensem, 

remains of several churches, and a round tower Laonensem & Ardfertensem hodie divisus." 

of great antiquity. A church was founded here Primordia, p. 873. 

by St Senan, a bishop, about the year 540. See Sincere penitence, iap nairpijhe roccame, 

Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. ii. literally, after choice penance. This phrase is 



1188.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AM; 81 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1188. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred eighty-eight. 

Martin 0'Broly m , chief Sage of the Irish, and Lector at Armagh, died. 

Hugh O'Beaghan, Bishop of Inis-Cathy", died. 

Aulifle O'Deery performed a pilgrimage to Hy [lona], where he died after 
sincere penitence . 

Rory O'Canannan, sometime Lord of Tirconnell, and heir presumptive to 
the crown of Ireland, was treacherously slain by Flaherty O'Muldory on the 
bridge of Sligo, the latter having first artfully prevailed on him to come forth 
from the middle of Drumcliff. The brother and some of the people of O'Ca- 
nannan were also killed by him. Manus O'Garve, Chief of Fir-Droma (who 
had laid violent hands on O'Canannan), was afterwards slain by the people of 
Eachmarcach O'Doherty, in revenge of O'Canannan's death. 

Donnell O'Canannan wounded his foot with his own axe at Derry, as he 
was cutting a piece of wood, and died of the wound, in consequence of the 
curse of the family [clergy] of Columbkille p . 

The English of the castle of Moy-Cova q , and a party from Iveagh, in Ulidia, 
set out upon a predatory excursion into Tyrone, and arrived at Leim-mhic- 
Neill r , where they seized on some cows; Donnell O'Loughlin pursued them 

very frequently given in Latin in the Annals " while cutting," and this is, in the opinion of 
of Ulster thus : " in bona penilentia quievit," or the Editor, the true reading. 
" i/i bona }>enitentia mortttut ett." Moy-Cova, maj coBa, a plain in the ba- 
P Columbkille. In the Dublin copy of the An- rony of Upper Iveagh, in the county of Down. 
nals of Ulster this passage reads as follows : A. D. Its situation appears from the position of the 
1 188. Domnall huacanannan oo lernao a coipi church of Dorahnach Mor Muighe Cobha, now 
oia cucnj pern i nouipe i juic apclainne con- Donaghmore, a parish lying nearly midway be- 
nuib, 7 a ec oe cpia tnipbail coluim cille ; and tween Loughbrickland and Newry See Feilirr 
thus translated in the old work already referred Aeitgtiit, at 16th Novemlx-r. 
to: " A. D. 1 188. Donell O'Cananan cut his footc ' Leim-mhie-Xeitl, i. e. the leap of the son of 
by his oune hatchet in Dyry" [when stealing] ''a NialL This was the name of a place near Dun- 
tree for fewell, and died thereof through Colum- gannon, in Tyrone, called after Donnagan, the 
kille's miracles." Here it is to be remarked that son of Niall, who was son of Maelduin, the son 
i j^uic is left untranslated; it means " stealing," of Aedh Oirdnighe, monarch of Ireland, vli" 
<>r " \vhiU- stealing." In the Annals of KUronan, died in the year 819- See Duald Mac Firbis's 
the reading is 05 buam, i. e. "cutting," or Pedigree* of the Kinel-Owen, p. 126. 



82 awNaoi Rioghachca eiraeaNN. [use. 

hi ccaban na ccpann apD, Do paccpac lomaipecc Dm poile, po maiDh pop 
allaib, po cuipfo a nap. Oo paDab eirh pabaDh DO jallja pop Dorhnall a 
aenap, ~\ copchaip innpn hi ppiorgum ci jfpna Qibjh, Dorhnall rnac ao6a hui 
laclainn, piojbarhna 6peann ap cpuc, ap ceill, ~\ ap cpebaipe. TCuccab an 
la pin pfm 50 hapDmaca. l?o haDnaicfb co nonoip, ~\ co naiprmbin moip 
mparh. 

Goaoin mjfn ui cuinn baina jepna murhan bai 050 hoibrpe i nooipe oecc 
mp mbpfich buaba 6 borhan -\ o t)frhan. 

Sluaicceab la lohn Do cuipc ~\ la gallaib Gpeann hi cconnaccaib amaille 
le concobap ua noiapmacca. Uionoilib pi connacc .1. concobap maon- 
mai^e maice connacc uile. Cainic Dorhnall ua bpmm co nDpuinj Do pfpaib 
TTlurhan i pochpaicce pijh connacc. Coipcic na 50111 apaill Do ceallaib na 
npe pfmpa. Ni po Ificcic pccaoileab Doib co pan^accap eapoapa. 6a 
Do ceacc i cnp conaill on, uaip na po Ificcpiocc connaccaij map pia Dia 
cci]i iaD. lap bpiop pccel Do ua niaolDopaib DO plaicbepcac, ceajlomaiD 
pi'De cenel conaill na ccoinne co Dpuim cliabh. OD cualaDap na joill pin 
po loipccpfo eapoapa co Ifip. SoaiD cap a naipp. UiajaiD ip in coipp- 
pliab. Oo beapcpaD connaccaijj ~\ pip murhan ammup poppa. TTIapbaiD 
pochaiDe rhoiji bib. paccbaiD na goill an cip ap eccin, -\ nf po rhillpfo a 
beacc Don chup pin. 

8 Cavan nag-crann ard, Caban na ccpann apo, Leabhar Breac, fol. 52, l>, and 104, a; but the 

i. e. the hollow of the high trees. This name Editor has translated it throughout by " the 

does not now exist in Tyrone, nor does it occur heat of the conflict," or "thick of the battle." 
in the Ulster Ir|uisitions, or Down Survey. u Sjtear. 5 a ^5 ai ^ s rendered a pike in thv 

There are two townlands called Cavan-O'Neill old translation of the Annals of Ulster, thus: 

in the county of Tyrone, one in the parish of " A thrust of a Pike was given the King among 

Kildress, near Cookstown, and another in the all, and fell there unhappily, viz. Donell mac 

parish of Aghaloo, near Caledon. Dr. Stuart, Hugh O'Loghlin, King of Ulster [Aileuch] and 

in In-; llistwiral Memoirs of Hie City of Armagh, heire of Ireland for personage, witt, liberality 

p. 163, thinks that this is the place now called and housekeeping, and was caried the same day 

Cavanacaw, situated within two miles of Ar- to Armagh and was honorably buried." 
magh on the Newry road; but this is far from * OfO'Qiiin, Ui Chumn This was O'Quin, 

being certain. Chief of Muintir-lflernan in Thomond, now re- 

1 Heat of the conflict, hi ppiocj;u'n. The word presented by the Earl of Dunraven. The situ- 

ppioc^um, which occurs so frequently in these ation of the territory of O'Quin, from whom 

Annals, literally means, the retort, or return of Inchiquin derives ks name, is thus jrivm in 

the assault, or onset, or the exchange of blows ; O'Heerin's topographical poem : 



IKS.] ANNALS ol-' Till! KIMJIinM OK IKKLAM) 

with his retainers, and overtook them at C'uvan na j.'-crann nnl', where an 
gagemeiit took place between them; and tlie English were defeated with _ 
slaughter. But Donnell, the son of 1 1 ugh < I'Loughlin, Lord of Aileaeh, and 
presumptive heir to the throne of Ireland, on account of his personal sym- 
metry, intelligence, and wisdom, alone received a thrust from an English spear 1 , 
and fell in the heat of the conflict". His body was carried to Armagh on the 
-aine day. and there interred with great honour and solemnity. 

Edwina. daughter ofO'Quin*, and Queen ofMunster, died on her pilgri- 
mage at Deny, victorious over the world and the devil. 

John de Courcy and the English of Ireland made an incursion into Con- 
naught, accompanied by Conor O'Dermot; upon which Conor Moimnoy, King 
of I'onnaught, assembled all the chieftains of Connaught, who were joined by 
Donnell O'Brien, at the head of some of the men of Munster. The English set 
fire to some of the churches of the country as they passed along, but made no 
delay until they reached Eas-dara (Ballysadare), with the intention of passing 
into Tirconnell, because the Connacians would not suffer them to tarry any 
longer in their country. 

As soon as O'Muldory (Flaherty) had received intelligence of this, he 

mbled the Kinel-Conell, and marched to Drumcliffto oppose them. When 
the English heard of this movement, they burned the entire of Ballysadare, and 
returned back, passing by the Curlieu mountains, where they were attacked by 
the Connacians and Momonians. Many of the English were slain, and those 
who survived retreated with difficulty from the country, without effecting much 
destruction" on this incursion. 

t)' O'Chumn an cpoibe nearhnuip oon cup pin. " And the English left thecountry 

ip paippnj; Ipepn6m; without doing much damage on this occasion." 

ropuio cm Kille jjloin I D tne Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster it 

pa copa pnne plenooijq. reads: pacbaic na gaill in op ap cicin cen a 

becc oo Kleuo, which u rather incorrectly n-n- 
" To O'Quin of the Rood heart belongs 

dered, " And left the country by force without 

The extensive Mumtir-Ilernan ; . . . , n . 

much fight," in the old translation in the Bn- 
llir fertile district of tins splendid man 

* ^ f .- o c. , tish Museum. 

Is at the festive Corafin." .... 

It is nddud in tlie Annals of Kilmnun, tliat 

" Mur/i ,1,-fii-iiftion, 7 ru po millreo a beacc. Murrough, the son of Farrell O'Mulrony, and 
In the Annals of Kilronan the reading is: 7 O'Medden, and many others [alii mviti turn eit], 
^uill in cip cen a bee oo milleo were slain at the Curlieus on this occasion. 

M '2 



84 QNNaca Rio^hachca eiReaww. [iisg. 

Cpeach la jallaib ulab pop cenel neojham co pugupcoip Dorhnall mac 
aoba uf lachloinn cijeapna cenel neogham poppu, ] po chuippfc ap pop jjal- 
laib, ~\ acpochaip Dorhnall i ppiorghum an charha pin. 

QO1S CR1OSD, 1189. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, ceo, occmojaD, anaoi. 

TTlaolcainnij ua pfpcomaip pep leccinn Doipe Do bachaD eccip dipD -\ 
imp eojain. 

Gpomaca Do opccain la hiohn DO cuipc ~\ la jallaib Gpeann ina pochaip. 

QpDmaca DO lopccaD o cpoppaib bpijjoe co pecclfp bpiccDi eccip pair, 
1 cpian, i ream pall. 

TTlupcha ua cfpbaill c^epna oipjpall Do ecc ip in maimpoip moip lap 
nairpicci cojaiDi. 

Ooriinall mac TTluipceapcaij mec loclamn Do mapbaD la jallaib Dal 
apaibe aca pfm. 

6chmili6 mac mec cana, ponap i pobapran cfpe heocchain uile Do ecc. 

TTlacnahoiDce ua TTlaolpuanaiDcijeapna pfp manac DO cop ap a cigeap- 
nap, -\ e Do bol DO cum ui cfpbaill. Cainicc pluaj gall Don cfp mpccain, ) 
DO pao ua cfpbaill -\ ua maolpuanajD cacap Doib. TTlaiDiD pop ua ccfp- 
baill, i mapbrap ua maolpuanaiD. 

Concobap maonmaije (.1. mac Ruaiopi) aipD pi connacr eiccip gallaib 
H jaoiDealaib DO mapbaD la Dpuinj Dia muincip pfm -\ Dia oipecc .1. la 

* Aird is now called Ardmagilligan and Tarn- year 1 165. This passage is rendered as follows 

laght-ard ; it is a parish, situated in the north- in the old translation of the Annals of Ulster : 

west extremity of the county of Londonderry, "A. D. 1189- Murogh O'Carroll, Archking of 

and is separated from Inishowen by the straits Argiall, died in the greate Abbey of Melifont 

of Loughfoyle. That part of this parish which after good repentance." 

verges on Lough Foyle is low and level; but * Eghmily, Gcrhilib. This name, which is an- 

the high mountain of 6eann foiBne, now Ben- glicised Eghmily in the old translation of the 

eveny, is situated in the southern part of it, from Annals of Ulster, and Acholy, in the Ulster In- 

whence it has got the name of Ard, or height. quisitions, is compounded of ech, Lat. equii.t, a. 

i The Great Monastery, i. e. the Abbey of Melli- horse, and milio, Lat. miles, a soldier. The 

font, in the county of Louth which was erected country of Mac Cann is shewn on an old map 

by Donough O'Carroll, Chief of Oriel, in the preserved in the State Papers' Office, London, 



1 1 S3.] ANNALS OK TIIK KIM-DoM OF IRELAND. 85 

The English of Ulidia took a prey from the Kinel-Owen; but they were 
overtaken and slaughtered by Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Loughlin, Lor 
tin- Kinel-Owen; but Donnell himself fell fighting in the heat of the battle. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1189. 
The Age of Cfirist, one thousand one hundred eighty-nine. 

Mulkenny O'Fearcomais, Lector of Deny, was drowned between Aird" 
(Ardmagilligan) and Inishowen. 

Armagh was plundered by John De Courcy and the English of Ireland. 

Armagh was burned from St. Bridget's Crosses to St. Bridget's Church, 
including the Rath, the Trian, and the churches. 

Murrough O'Carroll, Lord of Oriel, died a sincere penitent in the Great 
Monastery*. 

Donnell, the son of Murtough Mac Loughlin, was slain by the English of 
Dalaradia while he was [staying] amongst them. 

Eghmily 1 , the son of Mac Cann, the happiness and prosperity of all Tyrone, 
died. 

Mac-na-h-Oidhche* [son of the night] O'Mulrony*, Lord of Fermanagh, was 
driven from his lordship, and fled to O'Carroll. Shortly afterwards an English 
army arrived in that country, to whom O'Carroll and O'Mulrony gave battle; 
but O'Carroll was defeated, and O'Mulrony killed. 

Conor Moinmoy (the son of Roderic), King of all Connaught, both English 
ami Irish, was killed by a party of his own people and tribe"; i.e. by Manus, 

as the north-eastern angle of the county of Ar- b Hit own tribe This passage reads as follows 

iiia-li. wlii.-h borders on Lough Neagh, and in the Annals of Ulster: ConcoBup nkienmaigi, 

thro ujjh whidi tliu River Bann flows on its way mac Ruaiopi, aipopi Connacc, 7 pionmno 

into that lake. 6penn uile, DO mapbao 06 luce gpaoa pm 

O'Jf'ilrony, O'lTlaolpucmaib. There were cpia epail a Bpafap; and is thus rendered in 

many distinct families of this name in Ireland, the old translation: " Coner Moynmoy mac 

o'Mulrony here mentioned, was of the Roary, archking of Connaught, and to be king 

same race as Maguire, by whom the former, as of Ireland, was killed by his minions, by hi* 

well as O'Hegny, who was by far more illus- brother's advice.'' 
was soon after subdued. 



86 



Ulajnup mac ploinn ui pmacca (oia njoipci an cpopac oonn), -| la haooh 
mac bpiain bpeipnij mic coippoelbaij ui concobaip, -| la TTluipcepcac mac 
cacail mic oiapmaca mic caioj, ~\ la jpolla na naorh mac jiollacomam, mic 
muipfoaij bain ui maoil TTlicil Dona cuaraib. TTlaipg oipeacc po cogaip 
abbap aipD pijh 6peann t>o rhapbab, uaip cuccpac uprhop tfire mogha a 
ccfnnup Do pia pm po mapbab, Ooij cairncc Oorhnall ua bpiain Dia cij 50 
Dun leooa, ) boi pfccmam ina pappab, ~\ cue cpi picic bo gaca cpioca ceD hi 
cconnaccaib 66, -| .f. peoiD 50 nop, ] ni puce ua bpiain ofB pin uile, ace copn 
Diapmaca ui bpiain a pfnacap pfm, i Do bai Ruaibpi mac puinnplebe pi 
ulab ina cijj, ~\ Do bai Domnall mag capcaij ci jeapna Dfpmuman ma nj -| 
DO paD pom cuapupcal mop DO .1. cuicc eich jaca cpiocaic cec hi cconnac- 
raib. 6ai TTlaelpeaclainn bfg pi cfmpa ina ajh, ~\ puce cuapu]'cal mop 
Ifip, -) bai ua puaipc ina cij, -\ puce cuapupcal mop Ifip. 

lap mapbao Concobaip maonmaiji cangup 6 piol muipeabaij ap cfnD 
T7uai6pi ui Choncobaip pi 6peann Do cabaipc pije Do lap necc a mic, -| 6 panaic 



c Crossach Donn, Cpopac Donn. The word 
cpopac means streaked, seamed, or marked with 
crosses, and was probably applied to O'Finaghty, 
from having had the cicatrices, or seams of wounds 
intersecting each other on his face. Shane 
O'Mullan, a celebrated highwayman, who flou- 
rished in the county of Londonderry about one 
hundred years since, was, according to tradition, 
called Shane Crosach, from having his face co- 
vered with scars of this description. 

d The Tuathas Generally called Ceopa Cua- 
cha, i. e. the three districts. These were Tir 
Briuin na Sinna, Kinel Dofa, and Corachlann. 
The tripartite territory called the Teora Tuatha 
formed a deanery in the diocese of Elphin, com- 
prising the ten parishes following, viz., Aughrim, 
Kilmore, Clooncraff, Kiltrustan, Kilglass, Bum- 
lin, Termonbarry, Cloonfinlough, Lissonuffy, 
Kilgefin, and Cloontuskert. See Liber Jieyalit 
I'ititatiouit of 1615, and Colgan's Trias Thumn., 
p.5'24, wli.Ti-, .-] .. uking of the church of Kilgefin, 
In- poinis out its situation thus: "Killgeuian 
iTL-lcsia parochialis Diacesis Alfinensis in regionc 



et decanatu de Tuatha." From these atithoritii-. 
it is clear that the territory called the Tuatha, or 
Three Tuathas, comprised that part of the county 
of Eoscpmmon extending from the northern 
point of Lough Kee to Jamestown, 011 the Shan- 
non, from Jamestown to near Elphin, and thrncc 
again to Lough Ree. It was bounded on the east 
by the River Shannon ; on the north by the Shan- 
non and the territory of Moylurg: on the we>t 
by Sil-Murray, or the Plain of Connaught ; 
and on the south by the modern IIv-Miiny. 
See Map prefixed to the Tribes and Customs of 
Hy-Many, published in 1843, by the Irish Ar- 
chaeological Society. According to these an- 
nals, and to O'Dugan's topographical poem, tin 
O'Monahans were originally the. chiefs of Tir- 
Briuin na Sinna (but were subdued by the 
O'Beirnes); the Mac Branans and O'Mulvihils 
of Corcachlann or Corca Sheachlann; and the 
O'llanlys of Kinel-Dofa. 

e To his house. This is the phrase used by 
the Irish annalists to denote "he submitted, or 
made his submission." On such occasions the 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIN<iI)<)M OF IRELAND. 87 

the son of Flann O'Finaghty (usually cullrd an Crossach Donn e ); Hugh, son ..f 
Brian I'.ivifncach, the son of Turlough O' Conor; Murtough, son of Cathsil. 
of I) mi'it, tho son of Teige; and Gilla-na-naev, the son of Gilla-Coman, wh-- 
Avas the s<>n of Murray Bane [the Fair] O'Mulvihil of the Tuathaa*. 

Alas for the party who plotted this conspiracy against the life of the heir 
presumptive to the throne of Ireland! To him the greater part of Leth-Mho- 
gha had submitted as king. Donnell O'Brien had gone to his house' at Dunlo', 
where he was entertained for a week; and O'Conor gave him sixty cows out 
<>1 'every cantred in Connaught, and ten articles ornamented with gold; but 
( >T>ru'ii did not accept of any of these, save one goblet, which had once been 
tin,- property of Dermot O'Brien, his own grandfather. Rory Mac Donslevy, 
King of Ulidia, had gone to his house. Mac Carthy, King of Desmond, was 
in his house, and O'Conor gave him a great stipend, namely, five horses out 
of every cantred in Connaught. Melaghlin Beg, King of Tara, was in his hou<< . 
and took away a large stipend; and O'Rourke had gone to his house, and aN 
carried with him a great stipend. 

After Conor Moinmoy had been slain, the Sil-Murray sent messengers to 
Roderic O'Conor, the former King of Ireland, to tell him of the death of his 
son 1 , and to give [offer] him the kingdom : and as soon as Roderic came to 
Moy Naei", he took the hostages of the Sil-Murray, and of all Connaught ; for 

king to whom obeisance was made, always pre- of Ballinasloe lying to the west of the Kiv. i 

I those submitting with gifts. Of this cus- Suck, in the county of Galway. Dunlo-street, 

t'lin we have a remarkable instance on record in in Ballinasloe, still preserves the name, 
the Irish work called Caithreim Toirdhealbhaigh, Hit ton. This pMMge u to confusedly 

or Wars of Turlough O'Brien, in which it is given in the original that the translator has 

stated that at a national assembly held by thought it necessary to transpose the order of 

tin- Irish at Caol Uisce, near Ballyshannon, the language in the translation, but the ori- 

< >'.N.'ill sent Teige O'Brien one hundred horses ginal is printed exactly as in the autograph, 
as wages of subsidy, and as an earnest of the " Moy Naei, mctf ncioi This is otherwise 

subordination and obedience due to him from called Machaire Cbonnacht. The inhabitant* of 

oT.n.-n; but O'Brien, rejecting the subsidy the town of Roscommon and its vicinity, when 

and denying the superiority of O'Neill, sent speak ing of the country generally, cull the district 

him two hundred horses, to be received in lying between them and Athlone, the Ikiromy, ami 

acknowledgment of O'Xeill's submission to that between them and Elphin, the Magkery; but 

( riJrii-n. they say that you are not in the Maghery till you 

f Dunlo, Dun leooo It is the name of a are two miles and a half to the north of the town 

tnwnlan.l, whirh .-..main* that part of the town of Roscomm.m. The following are the bound- 



88 QNNaca Rioghachca eiReawn. [1190. 

T?uai6pi 50 maj naof po gab jialla pfl muipfoaij ] Connacc, ap ay ann po 
bacap jeill Concobaip maonmui je i ninip clocpann pop loc pib an can pin. 

plaicbeapcac ua maolDopaiD cijeapna cenel cconaill cona coicepcal DO 
bfic iltonjpopc ip in ccopann, -| connaccaij uile eicip gall ~\ 5001600! ma 
najjhaiD Don leic aile. 

Concobap ua Diapmaca DO mapbab la cacal cappac mac concobaip 
maonrhaije a nDiojail a acup. 

QnceD RipDfpD Do piojao op Sa^aib .6. lultj. 

SluaijeaD la hua TTiaoilDopam (plaicbfpcac) Do jabail ppi connachcaib 
gup po jab longpopr ip in Copann. Uanjacap connaccaij uile eicip jal- 
laib i gaoibealaib ma ajaiD, ap a 001 ni po curham^prc nf 66, -\ po (cap- 
pcappac ppi apoile Don chup pin. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1190. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, ceD, nochac. 

Oiapmaic ua pabapcaij abb DTpmaije DO ecc. 

TTlqelpeaclainn ua neaccam ~\ ^lollabeapaij ua Sluajaoai j Do nmpbao 
la coippbealbac mac I?uai6pi ui concobaip. 

TTlop injean coippoealbaijui Concobaip, -| Ouibfppa injfti Diopmaca mic 
iDg DO ecc. 

Coinre eicip Cacal cpoiboeapcc ~] Cacal cappac hi ccluain peapca 
bpenamn Do Denarii pfo6a fcoppa. Ufccaic piol muipeaDaijj uile ip in ccoinre 
ceona im comapba pacpaicc, -| im Concobap mac Diaptnaca, -\ im nipeac- 
cacli ua poouib, -] ni po peaoaD a piooucchab pe poile Don chup pin. 

of the Magkery, according to tke general tra- Driskagkan, in tkat parish, the navel or centn- 

dition of the people in the county of Roscommon. of the Machaire or plain of Connaught, which 

It extends northwards as far as Lisraacooil, in conveys a distinct idea of the position of thi> 

the parish of Kilmacumshy ; eastwards, to Falsk, plain. 

in the parish of Killuckin; westwards, from ' MM Teige It is added in the Annals of 

the bridge of Cloonfree, near Strokestown, ae Kilronan, that >hc wa.-. tlic wile of Cosnamlmcli 

far as the bridge of Castlereagh ; and south- O'Dowda. * 

wards, to a hill lying two miles and a half north k Cathal CrovJerg, Ca al cpoilifteop^, i. e . 

ni' the town of Roscommon. The natives of the Cathal, or Cakill, the Rud-hundod. 'IV name 

p:irisk of Baslick call a hill in tke townland of Cathal, which means warlike, and appears to be 



1100.] ANNALS <>I TIIK KINGDOM OF 1KKLAND. 8f> 

the hostages that had been delivered up to Conor Moinmoy wero n Inish- 
cloghran, an i>l;m<l in Lough lice, at that time 

Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Tirconnell, encamped with his forces in ( 
ran; and all the Connacians, both English and Irish, were against him on the 
other sid' 

Conor, grandson of Dermot, was slain by Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor 
Moinmoy, in revenge of the death of his father. 

Richard I. was crowned King of England on the 6th of July. 

< > Muldory (Flaherty) marched with his forces against the Connacians, and 
pitched his camp in Corran. All the Connacians, both English and Irish, 
came to oppose him; however, they were not able to injure him, and both 

departed without coming to an engagement on that occasion. 

' 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1190. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety. 

Dermot O'Rafierty, Abbot of Durrow, died. 

Melaghlin O'Naghtan and Gilla-Barry O'Slowey were skin by Turlough, 
the son of Roderic O'Conor. 

More, daughter of Turlough O'Conor, and Duvesa, daughter of Dennot 
Mac Teige', died. 

A meeting was held at Clonfert-Brendan, to conclude a peace between 
Cathal Crovderg" and Cathal Carragh. All the Sil-Murray repaired to this 
meeting, together with the successor of St. Patrick', Conor Mac Dermot, and 
Am:aghtagh O'Rodiv; but they could not be reconciled to each other on this 
occasion. 

synonymous with tin- \Y, Mi Cadett, is now ge- Archwological Society in 1845. See l*o note 

nerally anglicised Charles, an the Christian name under the year 1224. 

of a man, but Cnhill as a surname, which is in ' The tuettuor of St. Patrick, Comapba pa- 

Iri-UO'Cathail. Dr. O'Conor, in treating of this cpuic, i. e. the Archbishop of Armagh. II. 

kin- in his suppressed work, Memoirt of the was Thomas, or TomalUch, O'Conor, who WM 

Life and Writings of Charles a Conor of Belana- related to the rival princes, and " a noble and 

iniohii.s his name "ChafTes the Red- worthy man," who wms anxious to restore his 

haml.il. "See p. 32 of that work. O'Flahcrty native province to tranquillity See Harris's 

translates it "CathaUl Red-fist." See his ac- Ware, voL i. p. 62. 

of Hiar Connnught. printed for the Irish 

N 



emeaNN. [liyi. 

Uanaicc ua concobaip -| piol muipeDaij 50 cluain mic noip in 06015 pin, -j 
po eipij an coblac 50 mod apa bapach, i cangacap pompa ap puD na 
Sionna 50 panjacap 50 loc pib. Ro eipij anpao anbail Doib ap an toch 
50 po pccaoilpioc a napcpaije 6 apoile ~\ po cuaipcc an canpaD an cfcap i 
m'bof 6 concobaip conap larhao a luamaipeacc la meo an anpaib, ~\ ba ip in 
apcpach i mbof ua Concobaip .1. Cacal cpoiboepcc, bai Gipeachcach ua 
poouib, i concobap mac cacail. Oo coioh an cfcap po uipcce 50 po baiofo 
i mboi mnce cenmoca peipeap ceapna im Chacal cpoiboeapj. 17o bai6ea6 
Qipeaccac ua poouib, -| Concobap mac cacail, Concobap ) Ctrhlaib Da 
mac Qo&a meg oipechcaij, ua TTlaoilbpenainn, i mac ui mannacam co 
pocaioe ele. 

aois CRIOSO, 1191. 

Qoip Cpiopo, mile, ceo, nochac a hafn. 

I?uai6pi ua Concobaip Do paccbail Connacc -] a 6ol co cip Conaill Do 
paighiDh plaicbrpcaij ui maoilDopam, ~\ i ccfp neojam lap pin oiappaio 
pocpaicce ap cuaipceapc nGpeann Do jabdil T?ije Connachc Do piDipi, ~\ m 
po pafmpac ullca peaponn Dpajail Do 6 connaccaib, -] Do com poirhe DO 
paijib gall na mi6e, i nf po fipjfccup piDhe leip, i Do cafo ap pin ip in 
murham, coniD eipci pin cuccpac piol muipfoaij pfpann Do, .1. cip piach- 
pach, i cenel ao6a na heccge. 

Qillfnn tnjjfn Riaccam ui mailpuanaib, bfn aipeaccaij ui po6uibh DO 
ecc. 

m It foundered, DO coioh an cfcap po uipce, i. e. the race of Aodh, or Hugh, of SlieveEchtghe, 

literally, " the vessel went under water." now Slieve Aughtee. This was the tribe name 

Conor, son of Cathcd, i. e. Conor, Cathal of the O'Shaughnessys and their correlatives, 
Crovderg's own son. The translator has been which became also that of their country, ftir the 
obliged to transpose a part of this sentence, custom of ancient Ireland was, "not to take names 
which is not properly arranged in the original, and creations from places and countries, as it is 
but the Irish text is printed exactly as in the with other nations, but to give the name of t he- 
autograph, family to the seigniory by them occupied." See 

Tir Fiachrach, i. e. Tir Fiachrach Aid/me O'Flaherty's^yyz'a Vindicated, p. 170, and Col- 

oountry of the O'Heynes in the south-west gan's Acta Sanctorum, p. 354, note 8. O'Shaugh- 

of the county of Galway. nessy's country of Kiuelca comprised the south- 

p Kinelea ofEchtghe, cenel aoba na h6chrjje, eastern half of the diocese of Kiltnaccluagh, in 



11!)!.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKLAND. <H 

O'Conor and the Sil-Murray \vnt to Clonmacnoise on that night, and early 
next morning embarkrd in their fleet, and sailed up the Shannon until they 
came to Lough Ree. A violent storm arose on the lake, by which their vessels 
were separated from each other; and the storm so agitated the vessel in which 
O'Qonor was, that it could not be piloted. Such was the fury of the storm, it 
foundered, and all the crew perished, except O'Conor himself and six others. 
In this vessel with O'Conor (Cathal Crovderg) were Areaghtagh O'Rodiv and 
Conor, son of Cathal", who were both drowned, as were also Conor and Auliffe, 
the two sons of Hugh Mageraghty; O'Mulrenin, and the son of O'Monahan, 
and many others. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1191. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-one. 

Roderic O'Conor set out from Connaught, and went to Flaherty O'Muldory 
in Tirconnell, and afterwards passed into Tyrone, to request forces from the 
north of Ireland, to enable him to recover his kingdom of Connaught ; but the 
Ultonians not consenting to aid in procuring lands for him from the Conna- 
cians, he repaired to the English of Meath, and these having also refused to go 
with him, he passed into Munster, whither the Sil-Murray sent for him, and 
gave him lands, viz. Tir Fiachrach" and Kinelea of Echtge". 

Ailleann, daughter of Regan O'Mulrony, and wife of Aireachtagh O'Rodiv, 
died. 

the county of Galway See map prefixed to on cuipp 50 cele 61, 7 ppie rl*5 mnc * 7 T 1 
Triliet and Cuttnmt ofHy-Many, printed for the ouipn 7 cpi meoip illeiceo pie"" *** fl*ifa 
Irish Archaeological Society in 1843. For a list p n < 7 Mm o'n njualomn a pae." 
of townlands in Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy's " A. D. 1191. The River Galliv dried up tin- 
country in tin; year 1543, see Trifatand Cuttoms year, and there was a hatchet found in it, mea- 
nflly-Fiachrack, printed fur the same Society in tunny a hand from one point to the other, and 
1844, pp. 375, 376. Under this year the An- there was a spew found in it measuring thr.-. 
nals of Kilronan record the erection of the castle hands and three fingers in breadth, and a hand 
of Rath Cuanartaighe, but without giving the from the shoulder in length." 
name of the builder, or the situation of the cas- See O'Flaherty's Account of lar-Connaufrht, 
tie. They also contain the following entry un- published by the Irish Archaeological Society, 
der this year, respect inir tin- drying up of the [.. 29, and Ware's Antiq. Hibtrnicte, c. xiL, 
r Galway: A. D. 1 191. In^aillim oocpa^h- where we read: ''In Annalibus Roscomanensi- 
ao an oli'ioum pi. 7 ppir ruuo innce, 7 lam bus, ad annum NCXC, fit mentio ctpitis Hast*, ad 

N2 



92 



emeaNH. 



[1192. 



QO1S CR1OSO, 1192. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, ceD, nochac, aoo. 

Oojiup ppoinncicce an Duibpecclfpa colaim cille i nooipe Do ofnamh la 
hua ccacam na cpaibe, -| la hmjhin ui Innfipje. 

Uaichleac ua Duboa cicchfpna ua namalgaba -\ ua ppiacpac muaibi Do 
rhapbao la Da mac a mec pen. 

Qe6 ua plainn coipeac pil TTlaoilepuain Do ecc. 

TTlaiDm ace capaio 6achapa6 ap jallaib la mumncip maoilcpionna. 

Caiplen acha an upcaip -| caiplen ciUe bipji Do Dfiiarh ip in mbliaoam pi. 



longitudinem uniuscubiti, repertiinfluvioGalivse 
turn desiccate." See note under the year 1178. 

q Of Greece, na cpaoibe The district near 

Coleraine, west of the River Bann. The cataract, 
now called the Cutt's Fishery, was anciently 
called Eas Craoibhe. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, 
Domestica, cap. 3, where, describing the course 
of the River Bann, he writes : " Banna inter 
Leam et Elliam prseter Clanbresail regionem 
scaturiens per Neachum lacum transiens J2ndro- 
inensem agrum etFircriviam (Pipna CpaoiBe) 
Scriniamque in Londinodorensi agro intersecat, 
et tertio e Culrania, et Cataracta Easeribe lapide 
se in oceanum trausfundit, salmonibus totius 
Europae longe facundissimus." 

1 CPInneirghe, now anglicised Henery. This 
family descends from Brian, grandson of Niall 
of the Nine Hostages, Monarch of Ireland in 
406. There are several of this name in the pa- 
rish of Ballynascreen, in the county of London- 
derry, of whom Dr. Henery, of Maghera, in the 
same county, is at present the most respectable. 
See Duald Mac Firbis's Irish Pedigrees, Lord 
Roden's copy, p. 178, with which the copy in the 
Royal Irish Academy corresponds. 

4 Hy-Awley and Hy-FiachracJi, i. e. the inhabi- 
tants of the baronies of Tirawley and Tireragh. 

1 Sil-Madruain This was the tribe name of 
the O'Flynns of Connaught, and it also became 



the name of their territory, which comprised the 
entire of the parish of Kiltullagh, and part of 
the parish of Kilkeevin, in the present county 
of Roscommon. The present head of this sept 
of the O'Flynns told the Editor in 1837, that it 
was the constant tradition in the family, that 
O'Flynn's country extended southwards as far as 
the bridge of Glinske, in the county of Galway, 
but the Editor has not found any authority for 
extending it beyond the limits of the present 
county of Roscommon. It comprised the en- 
tire of the mountainous district of Sliabh Ui 
Fhloinn, i. e. O'Flynn's mountain, which con- 
tains twenty townlands, and lies partly in the 
parish of Kiltullagh, and partly in that of Kil- 
keevin. The lake called Lough Ui Fhloinn, i. e. 
O'Flynn's lake '(incorrectly anglicised Lough 
Glynn by Mr. Weld, in his Statistical Account 
of the county of Roscommon), also lies in this 
territory, as does the village of Ballinlough, 
called in Irish baile locha Ui Pliloinn. i. . . 
the town of O'Flynn's lake. O'Flynn's castle, 
of which the foundations only are now trace- 
able, stood on the top of the hill between the 
village and the lake. 

The present head of this sept of the O'Flynns 
is Edmond O'Flynn, Esq., of Newborough (the 
son of Kelly, son of Edmond, son of Colla), who 
possesses but a few townlands of the territory. 



1HW.J 



ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



TIFF: AGE OF CHRIST, 1192. 

Tfie Aye of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-tow. 

The doorway of the refectory of Duv-regles-Columbkille was made by 
O'Kane, of Creeve", and the daughter of O'Henery'. 

Taichleach O'Dowda, Lord of Hy-Awley and Hy-Fiachrach 1 of the Moy, 
was slain by his own two grandsons. 

Hugh O'Flynn, Chief of Sil-Maelruain, died 1 . 

The English were defeated at the weir of Aughera", by Muintir Maoil-t-Sinna. 

The castle of Ath-an-Urchair" and the castle of Kilbixy 11 were erected in 
this year. 



Dr. O'Brien, in his Irish Dictionary, printed 
at Paris in 1768, states that Edmond O'Flin, of 
Ballinlagh, Esq. (the grandfather of the present 
Edmond), was then the chief of this ancient fa- 
mily. He also states that " the Right Hon. Lady 
Ellen O'Flin, Countess de la Hues of Lahnes- 
Castlo, in Normandy, was of the same direct 
branch of the O'Flins, her ladyship being daugh- 
ter to Timothy O'Flin, of Clydagh, in the Co. 
of Koscommon, Esq." The Connaught O'Flynns 
are of a different race from O'Flynns of Arda, 
in Munster, and from the O'Flynns, now 
O'Lynns, of Hy-Tuirtre and Firlee, the warlike 
opponents of Sir John De Courcy. 

u The weir of Aughera, cupuio Gacapab 
This place is called Acharudh Lobrun at the year 
1 1 63. The only place near the country of the 
Muintir Maoil-tsionna, or Mac Carroons, called 
Aughera, is the parish of Augher, in the barony 
of Deece, in the county of East Meath. The 
Mac Carroons were seated in Cuircne in Teffia, 
whicli was the western part of the county of 
Westmeath. According to the Annals of Kil- 
Mimn the Mac Carroons were defeated this year 
at Rath Aodha (Uathhugh, near Kilbeggan), by 
tin- English, on which occasion the two sons of 
Carroon, the two sons of Teige Mac Ualgairg 
[Magoalrie], O'Hart, Branan Mac Branan, and 



many others, both Irish and English, were slain. 

w Jlth-an- Urchair, now called in Irish baile 
urci unchuip, and in English Horteleap: it lies 
in the barony of Moycashel, in the south of the 
county of Westmeath. Sir Henry Piers of Tri--- 
ternagh, who wrote in 1682, says, that Sir Hugh 
De Lacy was murdered here by a mere villain 
or common labourer, and a native, as he was 
stooping down to give some directions to the 
workmen ; but this cannot be true, as it ap- 
pears, from the old Irish annals, that Sir Huirh 
was murdered in 1 186 by O'Meyey. the fo*t-r- 
son of the Fox, prince of Teffia, L e. six years be- 
fore this castle was erected. See note u; 
the year 1186. 

Piers says that this place was called Hontleap, 
from Sir Hugh de Lacy having leaped on hone- 
back over the drawbridge of the castle See 
Vallancey's Cuiledanea, voL i. pp. 84, 85. II . 
describes this castle as a stately structure, and 
such no doubt it was, but there are no Ji>tii,. t 
ruins of it at present, except the two piers of the 
drawbridge ; masses of the walls are seen scat- 
tered over the hill, but the ground-plan of the 
building could not now be determined^ See 
other references to this place at the years 1 207 
and 1470. 

* Kilbixy, Cill ftirji, rede Cill bitftjp, i. e. 



Cpeach mop DO benam la jallaib laijfn ap bomnall ua mbpiain, 50 
pangaccap cpe clap alle Dalua piap 50 tnajh ua ccoippnealbaij, -\ pucc- 
pacc Dal ccaip oppa 50 po mapbpac pochaibe Diobh. Oo ponpac joill 
caiplen alle piacal, -| caiplen cnuic Rapponn Don chup pin. 

TTlaibm mop pia noorhnall ua mbpiain pop jallaib opppaije 50 po 
cuipeab a nap. 

QO1S CR1OSD, 1193. 
Qoip CpiopD mile, ceo, nochac, acpi. 

6ochaib ua baoijill DO rhapbab la huib piachpac apoa ppaca. 
TTlaolpaccpaicc ua cobraij DO ecc. 
Carol mac jaichene DO ecc. 



the church of St. Bigseach This place is de- 
scribed in the Gloss to the Feilire or Festilogy 
of Aengus at 4th October, as in the territory of 
Ui Mac Uais (Moygoish), in Meath. It after- 
wards became an English town of some impor- 
tance, according to Sir Henry Piers, who wrote 
in 1682 : " Kilkixy, of old a town of great note, 
having, as tradition telleth us, twelve Burgesses 
in their scarlet gowns, a Mayor or Sovereign 
with other officers suitable to so great a port, 
&c." The Editor visited this place in 1837, 
and found but few traces of this ancient town. 
They were as follows : 1. The Leperhouse, a 
mere ruin ; 2. The site of the castle, but no 
remains whatever of its walls ; 3. A moat sur- 
rounded by one circular fosse ; 4. Site of the 
gallows. There is a holy well near the church 
still bearing the name Cobap ftijpje, i. e. the 
well of St. Bigseach, a virgin, whose memory 
was venerated here, according to the Irish Ca- 
lendars, on the 28th of June and 4th of Octo- 
ber See other references to Kilbixy at the 
years 1430 and 1450. 

> llagh-Ua-Toirdhealbhaigh, a plain near the 
Shannon, in the parish of Killaloe, in the east 
of the county of Clare. 



z Cill Piacla, now Kilfeakle, an old church, 
giving name to a parish, in the barony of Clan- 
william, and county of Tipperary, and about 
four miles and a half to the east of the town of 
Tipperary. In the Book of Lismore, fol. 47, b, b, 
this church is described as in the territory of 
Muscraighe Breogain, which was the ancient 
name of the barony of Clanwilliam. See also 
Annals of Innisfallen, at the years 1192, 1196, 
and 1205 ; Colgan's edition of the Tripartite Life 
of St. Patrick, lib. iii. c. 32 ; and Lanigan's Ec- 
clesiastical History of Ireland, vol. i. p. 290. 

a Knockgraffon, Cnoc Rappon, i. e. the hill of 
Raffon, who, according to Keating and the older 
writers, was the nurse of Fiacha Mulleathan, 
King of Munster, in the third century. It is 
a townland in a parish of the same name, in the 
barony of Middlethird, and county of Tipperary, 
and about two miles to the north of the town of 
Cahir. O'Brien has the following notice of this 
place in his Irish Dictionary, vote GHAKANN : 
" GEAFANN, Knockgraffan, or Raffan, in the 
county of Tipperary, one of the regal houses of 
the kings of Munster in ancient times, where 
Fiacha Muilleathan, and other Momonian kings, 
had their courts ; it was to that seat Fiacha 



ANNALS OF THE KINfJDOM OF IHKLAND. 



TIic English of Leinster committed great depredations against Donnell 
O'Brien. They passed over the plain of Killaloe, and directed their course 
westwards, until they had reached Magh-Ua-Toirdhealbhaigh r , where they were 
opposed by the Dalcassians, who slew great numbers of them. On this expe- 
dition the English erected the castles of Kilfeakle* and Knockgraffon*. 

Donnell O'Brien defeated the English of Ossory, and made a great slaughter 
of them. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1193. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-three. 

Eochy O'Boyle was slain by the Hy-Fiachrach of Ardstraw". 
Mulpatrick O'Cofiey died. 
Cathal Mac Gaithen died. 



brought Conuac Mac Airt, King of Leath-Coinn, 
prisoner. In after ages it was the estate, together 
with its annexes, of the O'Sullivans. A very 
remarkable moat yet remains there to be seen to 
this day." Again, under the word RAPKAN, he 
writes ; " RAFFAN, Cnoc-Eafian, a beautiful hill 
near the River Suire, the centre of the primitive 
estate of the O'Sullivans, descended fromFinin, 
elder brother of Failbhe Flann, ancestor of the 
Mao Cartys." 

The Editor visited KuockgrafTon in the year 
1840, and found the ancient ruins to consist of 
a large moat surrounded by a ratli of ample <li- 
iiu-nsions. The moat is about fifty-five feet in 
perpendicular height, and sixty feet in diameter 
at top. At the foot of the moat on the west 
aide is a curious platea measuring seventy paces 
from north to south, and fifty-seven paces from 
east to west. This place remained in the pos- 
session of the descendants of Fiachii Muillea- 
than, the O'Sullivans, until the year 1 192, when 
tin- English drove them from their rich plains 
into the mountains of Cork and Kerry, and 
erected, within tlirir Rath of Knockgraffon, a 
strong castle to secure their conquests. Of this 



castle only one small tower now remains, but the 
outlines of some of the walls arc traceable to a 
very considerable extent See Cormac's Glos- 
sary, vote Ctna ; and Keating' s History of Ire- 
land, reign of Cormac Mac Art. 

The Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfullen 
records the erection of the castles of Kilkenny 
and Kilfeakle, by the English, in this year. 

b Hy-FiachracJt ofArdttrax, ut pacpuc apou 
rpara, i. e. the descendants of Fiachra of A ni- 
si t raw. Their territory was situated along tin- 
River Derg, in the north-west of the county of 
Tyrone, aud comprised the parish of Ardstraw 
and some adjoining parishes. Ussher state* 
(Primordia, p. 857 X that *h church of Ard- 
straw, and many other churches of Oj>keitlkrach, 
were taken from the see of Clogher, and incor- 
porated with the see of Deny. This tribe of 
the Hy-Fiachrach are to be distinguished from 
those of Connaught, being descended from 
Fiachra, the son of Ere, who was the eldest 
son of Colla Uais, monarch of Ireland in the 
fourth century See O'Flaherty's Oyyyia, P. iii. 
c.76. 



[1193. 

Ofppopjaill(.i.bfncijepnain ui Pucupc) injfn mupcaba uiTTlaoileachlainn 
DO ecc i mainipDip Dpoicic acha ip in cuiccfo bbaban ochcrhojac a haoipi. 

Diapmaio mac Conbpojoa ui biomupaijj caoipeac cloinne maoilujpa, -| 
cicchfpna ua pailge ppi pe pooa Do ecc. 

Cachal obap mac mej capraij Do rhapbaoh la Dorhnall mag capcaijh. 

TTTvnpcfpcac mac mupcaba TTTec mupcaba cicchfpna ua ccennpelaij 065. 

QoDh ua maoilbpenamn caoipeac cloinne concob'aip Do mapb'ab la gal- 
laibh acha cliach. 



c Dercorffilla, OeapBpopjaill Shewas, there- 
fore, boni in the year 1 108, was forty-four years 
of age when she eloped with Dermot Mac Mur- 
rough, King of Leinster, who was then in the 
sixty-second year of his age, a remarkable in- 
stance of a green old age. Dermot was expelled 
in eight years afterwards, but, as Dr. O'Conor 
observes, not for the seduction of this woman 
See O' Conor's Prolegomena ad Annales, part ii. 
.p. 146. O'Reilly, in his Essay on the Brehon 
Laws, attempts to defend the character of this 
woman ; but it cannot be defended, as we have 
the authority of these Annals, and of the older 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, to prove that she not 
only consented to go home with Dermot, but 

also carried with her, her dowry and cattle 

See Mageoghegan's Translation of the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, and note under the year 1 172, 
p. 4. 

d Monastery of Drogheda, mamipcip Opoicic 

Qra Colgan observes that, by the Monastery 

of Drogheda, the Four Masters mean that of 
Mellifont, which is near that town. See Trias 
Tftaum., p. 309, and Ada Sanctorum, p. 655, 
776; see also Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History 
of Ireland, vol. iv. p. 167, note 22. 

' Clanmalier, clann mnoilujpa. This. 
which was the territory of the O'Dempsys, ex- 
tended on both sides of the River Barrow, in the 
King's and Queen's Counties. It appears from 
an old map of the countries of Leix and Ophaley, 
made in the reign of Philip and Mary, that the 



territory of Clanmaliere extended to the margin 
of the Great Heath of Maryborough, and com- 
prised the barony of Portnahinch in the Queen's 
County, on the south side of the River Barrow, 
and the barony of Upper Philipstown, in the 
King's County, on the north side of that river. 
This Dermot O'Dempsy was the only man of 
his name that obtained the chieftainship of all 
Offaly. He founded, on the site of an ancient 
church dedicated to St. Evin, about the year 
1178, the great Cistercian abbey of Rosglas, 
now Monasterevin (TTlainipcip 6irh!n), which 
he richly endowed See his Charter of Foun- 
dation published in the Monasticon A nylicanum, 
vol. ii. p. 1031. For the extent of Ui Failghe 
before the English invasion, see note under the 
year 1178. 

f Murtough, fan ofMurrough MacMurrough. 
He was Murtough na moor (i. e. of the Stew- 
ards), son of Murrough na nGaedhal (of the 
Irish ),wh o was the brother of Dermot na nGall 
(of the English), who first brought the English 
to Ireland). According to the Book of Leinster, 
a very important fragment of a MS. preserved 
in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (II. 
2, 1 8), Murrough na nGaedhal was the ancestor 
of the celebrated family of Mac Davy More, or 
Mac Damore, said by Sir George Carew to be a 
branch of the Barrys, and also of Mac Vaddock, 
whose country was situated round Gorey, in the 
north-east of the county of Wexford, supposed 
also, but without any proof whatever, except 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINGDOM OK IHKLAX1). 



Dcrvorgilla c (i.e. tin- wife of Tii-nian O'Rourke), daughter of Murrougli 
( .Mi'biL'lilin, dk-d in the monastery of Drogheda" [Mellifont], in the eighty-fifth 
year of her age. 

Dermot, son of Cubroghda O'Dempsey, Chief of Clanmalier*, and for along 
time Lord of Oflaly, died. 

Cathal Odhar, the son of Mac Carthy, was slain by Donnell Mac Carthy. 

Murtough, the son of Murrough Mac Murrough f , Lord of Hy-Kinsellagh* , 
9ied. 

Hugh G'Mulrcnin h , Chief of Clann-Conor, was slain by the English of Dublin. 



mere conjecture, to be of English descent 
From Donnell Kuvanagh, the illegitimate son 
of Dermot na nGail Mac Murrough, are de- 
scended all the Kavanaghs, including the Mac 
Dermots Lav-derg ; and from Enna, another 
illegitimate son of the same Dermot, are de- 
scended the family of the Kinsellaghs, now 
so numerous in Leinster. The country of Mac 
Davy More, or Mac Damore, was in the ba- 
rony of Ballyghkeen, comprising the h\nds of 
Glascarrick, &c. In the State Papers' Office, 
London, is preserved a petition, dated 1611, of 
Art Mac Dermott Kavanagh, Chief of the Kin- 
Kollaghs, and Kudmond Mac Davimore, Richard 
Mac Vaddock, and Donnell Kavanagh Spauiagh, 
nd other gentlemen and freeholders of the 
countries of Mac Dermott, Mac Davimore, and 
Mac Vaddock, through their agent, Henry Walsh ; 
aii'l another petition, dated May, 1616, of Red- 
mond Mac Damore, gent., Chief of Mac Daruorc's 
country, in the county of Wexford, to the English 
Privy Council, regarding the new Plantation 
in Woxfordshirt'. In this petition Mac Damore 
states that he holds his lands by descent and not 
l>y tanistry. This, however, is not enough to 
prove his descent, from the Barrys, in opposition 
to the Hook nf l.ciiiMer,N vellum manuscript, 

;:l le:i-t live eelltUrifS old, wllU'll tlUCCS hlS pedi- 

gree to Murrtniifli nn /i<i,n,//i,i/, the brother of 
IVrmot mi n(i, ill. It is highly probable., ix>w- 
eu-r, that Murrough na nUaetHiat, lu<.l iiiarricl 



a lady of the Barry?, and thus brought the name* 
David and Redmond into this branch of the 
Mac Murrough family, as the Kavanaghs have 
that of Gerald, Maurice, Walter, &c., from in- 
termarriages with other English or Anglo-Irish 
families. The pedigrees of the above septa of 
the Mac Murroughs are also given in Duald 
Mac Firbis's Genealogical Book, p. 473, and in 
Peregrine O'Clery's, p. 82. 

Hy-KinuUagh The people called Hy-Kin- 
sellagh, were the descendants of Eochy Kinsel- 
lagh, King of Leinster, about the year of Christ 
368. Their country originally comprised more 
than the present diocese of Ferns, for we learn 
from the oldest lives of St. Patrick, that Do- 
naghmore, near Sletry, in the present county of 
Carlow, was in it. In an ancient Tripartite Life 
of St. Patrick, quoted by Ussher (Primordia, 
p. 863), it is called the larger and more power- 
ful part of Leinster. " Ordinavit S. Patrieiut 
<tt gente Laginentium alium epiteopum nomine 
Fyaeha virum religiotittimum : quijuttioM Lea- 
t i it ni Patririi yentem t'rniuelntA ad Jit/em con- 
vertit et baptisavit ; qute gen* major atque fsoten- 
tior par* Laginentium eit." The country of Hy- 
Felineadha, north, which was the ancient name 
of the district around Tullow-Ofelimy, in the 
present county of Carlow, was also in the ter- 
ritory of lly-Kinsellugh. 

h U'Mulfeiun, OITIuoilBpenamn. The exact 
limits of the cantred of Clann-Conor, the tern- 



Rio^hachca emeauR [1194. 

Ua cfpbaill ciccfpna aipjiall DO jabail la ^allaibh, ) a Dallab leo o 
cup, i a cpochaoh lapccam. 

Imp clochpann DO opjain la macaib oipoealb, -\ la macaib concobaip 
ITIaonmaije. 

QO1S CP1OSO, 1194. 
Goip CpiopD, mile, ceo, nocliac, acfchaip. 

Confcancin ua bpam [ua bpiam?] eppoc alle Dalua Do ecc. 

Oorhnall mac coippoealbaij ui bpiain Ri muman, lochpann polupoa 
pfooa i coccao T?eDla aDatica emj i fnjnarha na muirhneac, ] Ifire mooa 
apchfna DO ecc, ] muipcfpcach a mac Do jabail a lonaiDh. 

^oill DO chiachcam ap mipp ua ppionncam, ~\ a ccop ap eccjn Di. 

Cumibe ua pknnn Do mapbao la jallaib. 

Sloicchfo la jillebepc mac joipoealbaij co heapp puaib, ~\ a iompu6 
appiDen gan nach capba Dia SloijCo iccip. 



tory of O'Mulrentn, cannot now be determined, 
as this family sunk at an early period under 
O'Flanagan and O'Conor Roe ; but its where- 
abouts may be ascertained from O'Dugan's 
topographical poem, which makes the Clann- 
Conor a subsection of the Clanncahill, v.'hose 
territory comprised the parishes of Kilmacum- 
shy, Kilcorkey, and Shankill, and parts of the 
parishes of Creeve and Elphin, in the county of 
Roscommon. ITlael Ijpenamn, the name of the 
progenitor of this family, signifies the servant, 
or devoted of St. Brendan. 

' Inishcloghran, Imp Clorpann, L e. the is- 
land of Clothra. This Clothra is said to have 
been the sister of the famous Meadhbh, or Meave, 
Queen of Connaught. The island lies in Lough 
Ree, near St. John's, and is now sometimes called, 
by the people of the counties of Longford and 
Roscommon, dwelling in its vicinity, the Seven 
Church Island, from the ruins of seven old 
churches still to be seen on it ; and sometimes 
Quaker's Island, from Mr. Fairbrotlier. the pre- 



, occupier. These churches, to one of which 
is attached a very old square belfry, called in 
Irish Clojjar, are said to have been erected by 
St. Dermot in the sixth century ; but some of them 
were re-edified. The famous Meave of Croghau, 
Queen of Connaught, was killed on this island by 
the champion Forby, her own nephew, and the 
spot on which she perished is still pointed out, 
and called ionao mapb'ca meioBe, the place of 
the killing of Meave. There is also on the highest 
point of the island the remains of a fort called 
Grianan Meidhlihe See Ordnance Map of the 
Island ; and Petrie's Inquiry into the Origin and 
Uses of the Round Towers of Ireland, p. 358. 

k The Sons of Osdealv, i. e. the Mac Costtl- 
loes According to the Annals of Kilronan, the 
island of Inis Clothrann was plundered this year 
by Gilbert Mac Gosdualv, and his English ful- 
lowers, and the sons of Gilchreest Mac Carroon, 
viz., Gilla Croichefraich and Auliil'c;. who had 
tht3 tribe of Muintir Maeltsinna with them. 
According to the Dublin copy of the Annals of 



HIM.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM <>l IUK1.AND. )) 

O'Carroll, Lord of Orii !, was taken by the English, who lii>t put out his 
S and afterwards hanged him. 

In^hcloghran' was plundered by the sons of Osdealv", and the sons of 
Conor Moinmoy. 

THE AGE OF CUKIST, 1194. 

Tfa Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-fair 

Constantino O'Brain [O'Brien?], Bishop of Killaloe, died. 

Donnell, son of Turlough O'Brien, King of Munster, a beaming lamp in 
peace and war, and the brilliant star of the hospitality and valour of the Momo- 
nians, and of all Leth-Mogha, died; and Murtough, his son, assumed his place. 

The English landed upon [the island of] Inis-Ua-bh-Fionntain 1 , but were 
forcibly driven from it 

Cumee O'Flynn was slain by the English. 

Gilbert Mac Costello marched, with an army, to Assaroe", but was com- 
j>elled to return without being able to gain any advantage by his expedition. 

Innisfallen, it was plundered by Gilttert dc after whom several place* in Ireland are named, 

Nangle ; and this is correct, for DC Nangle was but from a family of the name O'Finun. 

the original name of the CosteUoes. > Cumee O'Flyn* This is the celebrated 

Under this year the Annals of Kilronan re- chieftain, who, in the year 1178, defeated Do 

cord the erection of the Castle of Domhuach Courcy in the territory of Firlee, and cut off all 

nmighcn, now Doiiaghmoyne, in -the barony of his men except eleven. The name of the person 

Farney, and county of Monaghan, but do not by whom Cumee was slain is not given in the 

give the name of the builder. Under this year, Annals of Ulster, Kilronan, or IhnUfalleu. Do 

also, the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- riiupoub oo julluiB is the phrase used by them 

fallen record the erection, by the English, of the all, and the old translator of the Annals of 

Castle of Brigiuis, in Thomond, with the con- Ulster renders the passage : " Cumie Offlin 

sent of DonueU More O'Bri. n, who, it was be- killed by the Galls." The term Goto is at thi* 

lieved, permitted its erection for the purpose of period always applied to the English, though in 

distressing Mac Carthy. The same chronicle the previous century it means the Danes, or 

also enters under this year the death of the Scandinavians. 

daughter of G<xlfml, King of the Lie of Mann, n Aitaroe, ear puaii, L e. the Red Cataract, but 

and wife <>f John <le Courey. the name is more correctly Bar- Qooa puuio, i. .-. 

1 Init-l'a-b/t-FioHut'iin, i.e. itutula OTinta- the cataract of Aodh Euadh, the son of Badharu, 

minim Tin- situation of this island is unknown who was drowned here in the year of the world 

K> tiie Editor. It is not called fruin St. Fintan, 4518, according to the chronology of these an- 

o2 



loo ctNNata Rio^hachca emeawN. [1195. 

TTlaolpeachlainn mac oorhnaill ui jiollapacpaicc nccfjina oppaie DO 
ecc. 

Concobap mac TTlajnapa mic Dumnpleibe ui eochaba DO mapbab la hUa 
namiluam i meabail. 

Cteoh Dall mac coippbealbaijj ui concobaip Do ecc. 

Sicpiucc mac plomn ui pmoacca caoipeac cloinne mupchaba Do 65. 

Oonnchab mac TTluipcfpcaij mic coippbealbaij DO mapbab la TTIuipcfp- 
cach mac Domnaill ui bpiam. 

ttlupchab mac Qmlaoib uf cinoeiDij DO mapbab la lochlainn mac micpair 
uf chinneiccij i pionjail. 

Q01S CR10SO, 1195. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, ceD, nochacc, a cuicc. 

Oomnall ua Conaing eppcop cille oalua DO ecc. 

plopenn mac Rfaccdm ui maoilpuanaib eppcop oile pim> Do ecc. 

Dorhnall ua pino corhapba cluana pfpca bpenaino Decc. 

Gacrhapcach ua cacapi Do ecc i pecclep poll. 

Concobap mag pacrna Do ecc i pecclep ooipe. 

Sicpiucc ua jaipmlebaij Do mapbab Do mac oupm Slebe. 

Sluaijeab la lohn DO cuipci, -\ la mac hujo De laci DO jabdil nfipc a]i 
jallaib laijfn, -j muman. 

Sluaiccheb la Cacal ccpoibofpcc ua cconcobaip, la mac joipoelbaij 50 
nopeim Do jallaib, -\ Do jaoiohealaib na mibe imaille ppip ip in murhain 50 
panjaccap imleach lubaip, ] caipiol 50 po loipcceab cecpe mopcaiplein leo 
1 apaile Do rhioncaiplenaibh. 

Cachal mac Diapmaoa DO cochc i cconnachcaib ap in mumain, i ba 
copgpach in jach maijin cpiapa cubchaib 50 paimj coloch mfpg, -) co himp 
Pobba, i po jabaic lonj^a cacliail cpoibneipg uile laip, ] pug laip me co 

nals, but in the year 3603, according to O'Fla- called the Erne, in the town of Ballyshannon. 

herty's corrected Irish Chronology. See Ogygia, CF Finnaghty There were two families of 

part iii. c. 36. This name is now pronounced this name in Connaught, of whom one was Chief 

Attaroe, but the cataract is more generally of Clann-Murrough, and the other was Chief of 

known by the appellation of the Salmon Leap. Clann-Conway, and had his residence at Duna- 

It is on the River Samhaoir, now more usually mon, near the River Suck. These families were 



11J5.] ANNALS ()T Tl IK KIMiDnM <>F IRELAND. In] 

Mclaghlin, the son of Doimell. who was the grandson of Gillapatrick, Lon! 
of ( )VM ii-y, died. 

Conor, son of Manus, who was son of Donslevy ( Hluughey, was treacher- 
ously slain by O'Hanlon. 

1 high Ball (the Blind), the son of Turlough O'Conor, died. 

Sitric, the son of Flann O'Finnaghty , Chief of Clann-Murrough, died. 

Donough, son of Murtough, who was son of Turlough, was slain by Mur- 
tough, the son of Donnell O'Brien. 

Murrough, the son of Aulifle O'Kennedy, was slain wfingail* by Loughlin. 
the son of Magrath O'Kennedy. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1195. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-Jive. 

Donnell O'Conaing [Gunning], Bishop of Killaloe, died. 

Florence, the son of Regan O'Mulrony, Bishop of Elphin, died. 

Donnell O'Finn, Coarb of Clonfert-Brendan, died. 

Eachmarcach O'Kane died in St. Paul's church. 

Conor Mag Fachtna died in the abbey church of Deny. 

Sitric O'Gormly was slain by Mac Donslevy. 

John De Courcy and the son of Hugo De Lacy marched with an army to 
conquer the English of Leinster and Munster. 

Cathal Crovderg O'Conor and Mac Costelloe, with some of the English and 
Irish of Meath, marched into Munster, and arrived at Imleach lubhair (Emly) 
and Cashel. They burned four large castles and some small ones. 

Cathal Mac Dermot marched from Munster into Connaught, and passed 
victoriously through the province. On arriving at Lough Mask and Inishrobe", 
lie seized upon all the vessels [i. e. boats] of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and 

su], planted by that sept of the Burkes called eluded patricide, matricide, fratricide, and the 

David, who had their chief castle at murder of any relation. 

Cliusk, on the west side of the River Suck, in Initkrobe, mi r poobo, Le. the island of the 

the county of Galway. See note under the River Robe. A small island in Lough Mask, 

year 1225. opposite the mouth of the River Robe, not far 

vFingaU. The crime of pion^a. I was counted from the town of Ballinrobe, in the county ..I 

\v.>rse than simple murder by the Irish. It in- Mayo. 



102 ciNNCiai Rioshachca eircfcciNR [ligG. 



caiplen na caillije co noeapna ulca lomba ap ap jach leic DC co 
cachal cpoiboeapg co nbpeim DO jallaib -\ Do cloinn maoilpuana, -\ DO ponab 
pib po beoib jie mac DiapmaDa j;ep uo mop na huilc Do pome 50 pin. 



CXO1S CR1OSO, 1196. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, ceo, nochac, ape. 

Recclep p6il -j pecaip in QpDmacha cona cfmplaib, -| 50 mbloib mofp 
Don 17aic Do lopccad. 

TTIuipcfpcach mac muipcfpcaij ui laclamn cij;eapna cenel eojain T?ioj- 
bamna Gpeann cuip jaipcce6, ~\ eangnama leice cuinn, Dfop^aoilcib carpac, 
) caiplen jail, cupjbalam cealt, ~\ caoirhneirheao, Do mapbab la Donnchao 
mac blopjaib ui cacdin cpe comaiple cenel neojam mp ccabaipr na creopa 
pcpfne, i canoine pacpaig 66ib im Dilpi 66. RUJOD a copp laporh 50 Doijie 
colaim cille, -\ po hannacc hipuibe 50 nonoip, -\ cacaib. 

SloijeaD la Rudibpi mac Dumnplebe co njallaib, -] 50 macaib cofpec 
connacc Do poighiD cenel neojain, ~\ na naipcep, Uanjaccap t>na cenel 
eojam celca 6cc, -\ piopu aipcip co macaipe apDamaca ma najaib, i DO 
f aopac cac Doib 50 paoirheab pop mac Dumnplebe -] po lab bfp^ap a rhuin- 

r Caislen na-Caittighe. Now called the Hag's w Honour and respect This passage is truns- 

Castle in English : it is situated in Lough Mask, lated by Colgan as follows, in his Annals of 

and is a round enclosure of great extent. Deny, Trias Thaum., p. 504: " A. D. 1196. 

* The rath, or fort, that surrounded the cathe- Murchertachus Hua Lachlainn, filius Muivlu r- 

dral of Armagh extended, according to tradi- tachi, Hibernise regis, Princops de Kincl-eoguin, 

tion, as far south as the present market house. & expectatione multorumllex Hibernise futurus, 

' Churches and fair nemeds. CupjBulaibe turris fortitudinis & defensionis Aquilonarit; 

ceall 7 caoiriineiriieao is translated by Colgan Hibernisc, victoriosus Anglicarum Ciuitatum & 

" Multarum Basilicarum et Sanctuariorum fun- fortalitiorum expugnator, & multarum Basili- 

dator." Vide Trias Thaum., p. 504, coL 2. carurn & Sanctuariorum fundator, de consiliu 

u Blosky O' Kane That this Blosky is the an- quorundam procerum de Kini-l-eoguin qui ptr 
cestor of the numerous clans <>i' the Mac Clos- tria Scrinia, & Canones S. Patricij iuramentuni 
keys, in the county of Londonderry, can scarcely fidulitatis ant ipsi jirrestiterant ; manu Dun- 
he doubted. The Erenagh Mac Closkey signed c-liudi filij Bloscadii O Cathain dolose intcr- 
liis name Blosganus in the reign of James I., rwnptus occubuit : eiusque corpus Doriam de- 
which at once affords a clue to the true original Intum ibi cum funebri pompa & In more sepul- 
name of this family. tui.i >!." And thus, very cnreli-ssly in the 



!!!)&] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IHKLAND. K>;-j 

Ijiouirht tliem away to Caislen na-Caillighe r [the Hag's Castle], where he pro- 
ceeded to commit great ravages in all directions until C'atlml Crovderg, accom- 
panied by a party of the English and of the Sil-Maelruana, arrived and made 
peace with him (Mac Dennot), although he (Cathal) had thitherto committal 
grout injuries. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1196. 
The Aye of Christ, one thousand one hundred nimty-six. 

The Abbey of SS. Peter and Paul at Armagh, with its churches, and a great 
part of the Rath', were burned. 

Murtough, the son of Murtough O'Loughlin, Lord of Kinel-Owen, presump- 
tive heir to the throne of Ireland, tower of the valour and achievements of 
Leth-Chuinn, destroyer of the cities and castles of the English, and founder of 
churches and fair nemeds 1 (sanctuaries), was killed by Donough, the son of 
Blosky O'Kane", at the instigation of the Kinel-Oweu, who had pledged their 
loyalty to him before the Three Shrines and the Canoin-Phatruig [i.e. the Book 
of Armagh]. His body was carried to Deny, and there interred with honour 
and respect". 

R< >ry Mac Donslevy, with the English, and the sons of the chieftains of 
Connaught, inarched an army against the Kinel-Owen and Oners*. The 
Kinel-Oweu of Tulloghoge and the men of Orior proceeded to the plain of 
Armagh to oppose them, and there gave them battle. Mac Donslevy was 

old translation of the Annals of Ulster : " A. D. Orior, L. e. of Upper and Lower Orior, in tlu- 

1195. Murtagh mac Murtagh O'Loghlin, King east of the county of Armagh. The word 

<>f Kindred Owen, and that should be King uipcep signifies Oriental, or Eastern ; and the 

of all Ireland, the supporting Post of Leth- territory and people wer% so called from their 

quin tor feates of Arines and courage [cuip jjaip- situation in the east of Oriel ; and the name of 

ci6 7 enynoma leici cuinn], Banisher [recte the inhabitants is accordingly latinized ArtAeri 

destroyer] of Gallsand Castles, Rearer of churches and Oriental**, by Probus, Colgan, O'Flaherty. 

and holiness" [neimeo], "killed by Donogh mac and other writers. Probu* call* this territory 

y O'Cathan, in counsel of all Kindred Reg* Orientalium. See the second Life o; 

. after bringing the three schrines and Patrick, published by Colgan, in Triat Tkatan.; 

canons of Patrick with him into the south church Usslier's Primordia, pp. 847, 1047 ; O'Flaherty's 

of Armagh, and he was carry ed to Dyry Co- Cfcijyia, part iii. e. 76; Mac FirbU's Genealogical 

lumkill,-, and he was buried honorably." Book (Marquis of Drogbeda's copy), pp. 107, 

uiprep. i. e. the inhabitants of 130 ; and Dublin P. Journal, vol. L p. 103. 



104 



[1190. 



cipe. Uopcpacap ann Dna aoo becc DO macaib placa, ~\ cofpeac Connacc 
50 pochaibib oile Do bofpcuppluaj imaille ppiu. 6a oia maicib bpian buiDe 
ua plaicbepcaijj, mac maoiliopa ui concobaip a connaccaib, mac ui conco- 
baiji pailge, -\ mac ui paolain na noeipe. 

TTlac blopccaib ui cuipin too apjain ceprhamn Dabeocc, -\ po mapbab 
e pen 50 nofpsap a muincipe pia ccino rhtopa cpia piopcaib DC, ~| Dabeog. 

Oorhnall mac Diapmaoa rhecc capcaij Do bpipeab cara ap allaib 
luimnij i murhan, -\ po cuip a rtDeapj ap, ~| po Diocuip a luimneac, i po 
bpip ba rhaibm oile poppa cen mocd an maibm pin. 

Concubap mac Diapmaoa cijeapna maije luipj Do bol hi nupo i mamip- 
cip na buille, i po jab comalcach cijeapnup Dia epi. 

dob ua peapjail cijeapna muincipe hanjaile DO mapbab i meabail la 
macaib Sicpioja ui cuinn. 

TTlaice muincipe heolaip DO mapbab la mac cacail ui Ruaipc hi meabail. 

TTluipfbac rhdcc Ragnaill .1. an jiolla puab cnoipeac muincipe heolaip 
DO mapbab la mac majnupa ui Concobai]i cpe pupail mic carail ui Ruaipc 
lap po mapbab na maire pempaice. 

TTlachgamham mac Concobaip maonmaije piojDamr,a Connacc DO map- 



' Desies, Ddipe. At this period the territory 
of Desies extended from Lismore to Credan- 
liead, in the county of Waterford. The last chief 
of the Desies, of the family of O'Faelun, was 
Melaghlin, or Malachy, who was deprived of his 
principality shortly after the English invasion, 
when it was granted to Robert Le Poer, whose 
descendants (now called Powers) for ages after 
possessed the territory See Cambrensis' Hi- 
berniaExpugnala, lib. i. c. 16 ; and O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, P. iii. c. 69. 

1 Terrhon-Daveog, Cecipmann oubeoj, i. e. 
the sanctuary of St. Daveog. The church of this 
Tennon was situated on an island in Lougli 
Derg, in the county of Donegal, but not a tnu > 
of it now remains. For some account of this cele- 
brated island in Lough Derg, commonly culled 
the island of St. Patrick's Purgatory, see Dean 
Richardson's work entitled Folly of Pilgrimages, 



and Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, 
voL i. p. 368. The stone chair of St. Daveog, or 
Daibheog, the patron of this Tennon, is yet 
shewn in a townland of Seeavoc, which verges 
on Lough Derg on the south side. The church 
lauds of Termon Daveog are now called Tcr- 
mon-Magrath. 

* Limerick The Dublin copy of the Annals 
of Innisfallen state, under this) ear, tluit Don- 
nell More na Curra Mac Carthy destroyed the 
castle of Kilfeakle.and slew many of the English 
there, and took two of their chiefs prisoners; 
that he also plundered the territory of Imokillv, 
where he destroyed another custle ami slew many 
of the Knirlish; that he and his Ku^eniini forces 
joined Cat hulCrovdergO'Conor and O'Brien, and 
marched to Cork, then in the possession of the 
English, to destroy it; but that he did not suf- 
fer the town to be burned, on condition that the 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIXCDOM OF IRELAND IP:, 

defeated with dreadful .*laui:liier; and twelve of the eons of the lords and chief- 
tains of Connaught, with many of an inferior grade, were slain. Among the 
chieftains slain were Urian Boy O'Flahc-rty; the son of Maelisa O'Conor, of 
Connaught; the son of O'Conor Faly ; and the son ofO'Faelain (Phelan), of 
the De^i' 

The son of Blosky O'Currin plundered Termon-Daveog* ; but in a month 
afterwards he himself was slain, and his people were dreadfully slaughtered, 
through the miracles of God and St. Daveog. 

Uonnell, the son of Dermot Mac Carthy, defeated the English of Limerick" 
and Munster in a battle, with dreadful slaughter, and drove them from Lime- 
rick, lie also defeated them in two other battles in this year. 

Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, embraced Orders" in the monastery 
of Boyle; and Tomaltagh assumed the lordship in his stead'. 

1 1 ugh O'Farrell, Lord of Muintir-Annaly, was treacherously slain by the 
sons of Sitric O'Quin. 

The chiefs of Muintir-Eolais were treacherously slain by the son of Cathal 
O'Rourke. 

Murray Mac Rannall, surnained the Gillaroe d , Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was 
slain by the son of Manus O'Conor, at the instigation of the son of Cathal 
O'Rourke, who had procured the deaths of the above-mentioned chiefs. 

Mahon, the son of Conor Moinmoy, Roydamna" of Connaught, was slain 
by O'More (Donncll) and the men of LeLx r , who attempted to prevent him 

English should quit it The same chronicle re- this chief, state, that he died i nouici immaij, 

cords an excursion made by the English this year " in the novioeship of a monk." 
to Fordruiin, where they slew O'Kedfy, and the * In hit ttead, Ola e"pi: literally, " after him." 
twosonsofHuudliachorVictorO'Sullivan.name- * The GHlaroe, an giolla puao, i. e. red or 

ly, Murtough and Gillycuddy (Jj'oUa niocuoa). red-haired youth. 

In the margin of this work is the following note, * Jloytlamna, pfosoariino, i. e. materiet of a 

which was probably taken from Dr. O'Brien's king, a term applied to the son* of a king, like 

copy of the Annals of Innisfallen: " Vide Wa- prince, in the modern acceptation of the word, 
rffium ad hunc annum, ubi actiones hie descrip- ( Leii, luoiRir-. This territory, which was the 

Us in sensum a reipsA alienum et Anglis favora- patrimonial inheritance of the family of O'Morc, 

bilem, uti in suis passim annalibus, detorquet." comprised a considerable part of tl..- Queen's 

o Embractd Ordert, DO ool hi nupo, i. e. took County. If we uke from that county the ba- 

the lml.it of u monk_The Annals of Kilronan, ronies of Portnahinch and Tinahinch, which 

under the year 1 1 y7, in recording the death of belonged to the families of O'Dunn and O'Demp- 



emeanN. 

bob la hua mopba borhnall, -| la laijipp occ copnarh na hebala Do Bfpc o 
allaibh ppipp, 1 cachal cappac DO mapbab uf mopba ma Dioghail. 

Conjalach mac pfpail uf Puaipc Do mapbab la luijnib ap pbab Da en. 

lobnaibe ua mannachain cijijfpna ua mbpiuin na Sionna DO ecc. 

Cachal mac afoha uf plaichbfpcaij DO mapbab la macaib muipcfpcaij 
rmbij. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1197. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, ceo, nocacc, a peace. 

Sluaijeab la lohn Do Cuipc co njallaib ulab co hfppccpaibe, -\ Do pon- 
pacc caiplen cille Sanccam, R6 papaijeab ~\ po polmaijeb cpioca cer> 
cianacca leo. T?o pajaib Roicpel picun co pocpaioe moip immaille ppip 



sey, and were a portion of the territory of Ui 
Failghe, and the barony of Upper Ossory, which 
was a part of the ancient Osraighe, and be- 
longed to the Mac Gillapatricks, or Fitzpa- 
tricks, the remainder will be Leix. SeeUssher's 
Primordia, pp. 818, 943, and Map of Leix and 
Ophaley, in the British Museum. The territory 
of Laoighis, or Leix, was originally divided into 
seven parts, the boundaries of which mei at a 
stone, called Leac Riada, on the plain of Magh 
Riada, now Morett, which originally comprised 
all the Great Heath of Maryborough. These seven 
districts were under the government of seven 
petty chiefs, who were all under the jurisdiction 
of one arch chief, called Righ Riada, who ge- 
nerally resided at Dun Mask, now Dunamase 
See Duald Mac Firbis's Genealogical Book, un- 
der the head LAOIGHIS LAIGUEAN. For the 
bardic account of the original acquisition of this 
territory by Laoighseach Ceannmhor, the ances- 
tor of the O'Mores, the reader is referred to 
Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of Clon- 
1 1 iiicnoise, reign of Felym Reaghtwar ; and to Keat- 
ing's History of Ireland, reign of Cormac Mac Art. 
g In revenge ofhim r ma oiopjail The An- 



nals of Kilronan state that Mahon was slain by 
an archer of Donnell O'More's people, and that 
Donnell O'More fell on the same day by the hand 
of Cathal Carragh, in revenge of his brother. The 
entry is thus given in the Annals of Kilronan 
at the year 1196: itiacjamain mac concobaip 
maonmaije t>o tnapbao le peppenach .1. Con- 
5oBan,oo thumcip t)omnaillUi mopoa. t)om- 
nall ua mopoa pein Do cuicim ip in uaip 
ceona DO lairii carail cappai^. And thus in 
the Annals of Boyle, but under the year 1 1 97 : 
"A. D. 1197- niarjamain mac Concubaip 
maenmaijji oceisug ab aliquo sagittario <le fa- 
milia Oomnaill ui mopoa, et in eadem Inn-a 
<5omnall ua mop&a cecidit de manu carml 
cappaij." 

h Congalach, Conjjalac This name is now 

obsolete, as the Christian name of a man, but is 

M^rved in the surname of Conolly, in Irish 



1 ,^!'ue-da-en, pliab" oa en, i. e. the mountain 
of tin: two birds. This mountain, which retains 
this name to the present clay, lies principally in 
the parish of Kilross, barony of Tirrerill, and 
county of Sligo, and extends from near Lough 



111)7-! 



ANNALS OF THK K1N(,I)()M OF IKKLAND. 



107 



from bearing ofl' tin.- spoil which lit- hud taken from the English; butO'M 
was killed by Catlial Carrach [O'Conor], iu revenge of him* [Mahon]. 

Conpilai 'h", the son of Farrell O'Rourke, was slain by the men of Leyny, on 
Slicve-da-rn'. 

I Inniillu' O'Monahan, Lord of Hy-Briuin na-Sinna k . 

Cathal, tlie son of Hugh O'Flaherty, was skin by the son of Murtough 
Midheach 1 [Midensis]. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1197. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-seven. 

John De Courcy and the English of Ulidia marched, with an army, to Eas- 
Creeva, and erected the castle of Kilsanctan", and wasted and desolated the 
territory of Kienaghta . He left Rotsel Pitun, together with a large body of 



Gill to Colooney. It is worthy of remark, that 
there is a lough on the north side of this moun- 
tain called Lock da yttedh, i. e. the lake of the 
two geese. See Map prefixed to the Tribe* and 
Customs of Ily-Fiachrach, printed in 1844. 

^Hy-Hriulii mi-Siiinu, now locally called Tirwi- 
Riuin. It is a beautiful territory lying between 
Elphin and Jamestown, in the county of Roscom- 
mon, and comprising the parishes of Cill mor na 
Sinna, now Kilroore, Eachdhruim mac n-Aodha, 
now Aughrim, and Cluain crearaha, now Cloncraff. 
According to the tradition of the district, O'Mo- 
nahan lived at Lissadorn, near Elphin, now the 
seat of John Balf, Esq., where there is a will 
called Monuhnn's well ; and the last of the 
O'Monahans, who was chief of this territory, was 
killed here by O'Beirne with a blow of his fist, 
unde , ID, i. e. the fort oflhefitt. 

' Murtniiiih Miillicach, i. e. the Meathian. He 
was so called from having been fostered in Meath. 

Under tliis year the Dublin copy of the An- 
nals of Innisfallen state, that Gilbert de Nangle 
was expelled fnun Meath by the King's Deputy, 
Hanion de Yulentiis [De Valuignes] who took 

P 



possession of his castles and lands. 

m Ecu-Creeva, fprcpaiBe, nov * called the Sal- 
mon Leap, or the Cult's Fishery, is a cataract on 
the River Bann, to the south of Coleraiue, in the 
county of Londonderry. 

" Kiltnnctan, Cill Sancr6ia In the An- 
nals of Kilronan it is called caiplen cill* San- 
cuil, and in the old translation of the Annals of 
Ulster, " the Castle of Killsandle." It wa ri- 
tuatcd on the east side of the River Bann, not 
far from Coleraine. There is itill a remarkable 
mound near the Salmon Leap on the Bann, called 
Mountsandall. See Ordnance Map of London- 
derry, sheet 7. 

Kienaghta, Cianacco, now the barony of 
Kivnaght, in the north-west of the county of 
Londonderry. The tribe called Ctonacro, L e. 
the race or progeny of Cian, were descended from 
Cian, the son of Oilioll Olum, King of Munstcr 
in the third century. After the establishment 
of surnames the principal family of the Cianachta 
of tliis territory took the surname of O'Conor, 
and is distinguished in the Irish Annals by the 
appellation of O'Conor of Glenn Geimhin. 



108 



uio^hacbca 



[1197. 



ipm ccaipciall hfpin, ~\ po jabpac 05 mopab, -\ occ npjain cuac -] ceall ap. 
Caimg lapom Roicpel plurun ap cpeic co pope ooipe, i po aipg cluain f, 
eanac,-| ofpgbpuach,]?^ nna plaicbeapcac ua maoiloopam cijeapna conaill 
1 eojam co nuarao t>o clanoaib neill an cuaipapc poppa, Ro pijet> lomaipfg 
eacappa pop cpaij na huacon^b'dla, -| po cuipeab a nap im mac apogcnl 
riiec loclairin cpia rhiopb'ail colaim cille, cauiDij, -| bpeacam ipa cealla po 
aipccpeacr. 



p The territories and the churches, ruar 7 
ceall. By this phrase the annalists often mean 
lay and ecclesiastical property, loip ruac 7 cill 
generally means " both laity and clergy." 

i Cluain-I, Enagh, and Dergbruagh, cluain i, 
eanac 7 ofpjbpuach. The Editor has been 
able after much study and attention, to identify 
these three churches, though Colgan, a native of 
this part of Ireland, had done much to confound 
them. Cluain f is the present townland of 
Clooney, containing the ruins of an old church, 
in the parish of Clondermot, not far from the 
city of Londonderry ; unuc is the old church 
of Enagh, situated between the two loughs of 
the same name, in the north of the parish of 
Clondermot; andDfpjbpuach, i.e. iheredbrink, 
is the townland of Gransha, in the same parish. 
Colgan, in Trias Thaum., p. 505, gives an in- 
correct translation of the following part of the 
this passage, viz. : Cuinij laparii Roicpel picun 
ap cpeic 50 pope ooipe 7 po aipj cluain I, ea- 
nach 7 ofp^bpuach. " Rotsellus Pitun venit 
ad portum Dorensem, Ciuitatem ipsam, Ecclesiis 
de Cluain an Eanack, & Dearg-bhruach spoliatis, 
invasunis." 

Here he reads Cluain ;, Ganach, " Cluain an 
Eanach," as if i were an abbreviation of the ar- 
ticle in or an ; but in this he is undoubtedly 
mistaken, for we learn from the older Irish 
Annals of Ulster and of Kilronan, that three 
churches are distinctly mentioned in the passage, 
viz., Cluain i, and Ganach, and OeapjBpuuc. 
The passage runs as follows in the Annals of Ul- 



ster : A. D. 1 197. Cainic ono Roirpel picun co 
popcOaipe, co poaipc cluami 7 enach 7 oepc- 
bpuac. And thus rendered in the old transla- 
tion of the Ulster Annals, preserved in the Bri- 
tish Museum, MSS. add. 4795. " This Rochel 
Pitun came to Port Dyry, and spoyled Cluain 
hie and Anagh and Dergbruagh." 

Colgan, who thought that he understood the 
passage correctly, concluded that only two 
churches are mentioned, and took for granted 
that Clitain i Eanagh was the name of one 
church, and this he evidently took to be the 
one now -in ruins between the two lakes Enagh 
already mentioned. Thus in the note on his 
wrongly made name of Cluain an jEanach, he 
writes : " Est Capella Diarcesis Dorensis, juxta 
Eanach arcem nobilissimce familiar O'Cathano- 
rum ; a qua et Cluain Enaich appellatur." 
Trias Thaum., p. 450, n, 51. And again, in 
his notice of the church of Eanach, he writes : 
" Ecclesia vulgo Eanach dicta (juxta quern est 
arx nobilissima? familia: O'Cathanorum) tertio 
tan turn milliari versus aquilonem distat ab ipsu 
civitate Dorensi." Trias Thaum., p. 377, col. 2. 

The Editor, who took for granted that Col- 
gan's knowledge of the topography of this part, 
of Ireland was next to perfect, as he was a na- 
tive of Inishowen, was very much puzzled by 
these notes ; but on examining the parish of 
Clondermot in 1834, he found that Cluain i and 
Eanach were two distinct townlands, containing 
each the ruins of an old church. O'Donnell, in 
his Life of Coluir.bkille, distinctly points out 



1197.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINCDoM (F IIIK1.AND. 



I', nves, in the castle, out of which they proceeded to plunder and ravage 
the territories and the churches'". Rotsel Piton afterwards came on a pn - 
datory excursion to tin- harbour of Deny, and plundered the churches of 
Cluain-I, Enagh, and Dergbruagh q . But Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Kinel- 
Owen and Kinel-Conoll, with a small party' of the northern Hy-Niall, overtook 
him; and a battle was fought between them on the strand of Faughanvale', in 
which the English and the son of Ardgal Mac Loughlin were slaughtered, 
through the miracles of SS. Columbkille, Canice', and Brecan, whose churches 
they had plundered. 



the situation of Cluain i, which he calls simply 
Cluain, in the following words : 

" In loco quodam quern Cluain vocant, a Do- 
tvnsi oppido ad advcrsum Feabhalii lacus margi- 
iH in non procul distant! templum excitavit." 
(Columba). O'Donnell then goes on to state, 
that Nicholas Boston [Weston], an English Bi- 
shop, had, not long before his own time (1520), 
I'lillnl down this church and commenced erect- 
ing a palace with the materiajs obtained from its 
ruins, at a place called Bunseantuinne, not far 
from Deny. " Faucis retro ab hinc annis, 
Episcopus Anglicus, Nicholaus Boston dictus, 
praifatum templum demolitus, ex ejus rude- 
ribus palatium molitus est, sed consummare non 
lituit vindicante Deo." &c. Trias Thaum., 
p. :<!(!>, col. 1. 

Tin- place called Deargbruagh by the anna- 
is i-allril tlir " Grange of Dirgebroe," in an 
imiui.-itioii taken at Durry, in the year 1609, 
and i< imw, beyond dispute, the townland of 
<;ran-ha. orCriiiii:.-, In the parish of Clondermot, 
but its clum-h has been totally destroyed. See 
Onliumcr Map of Londonderry, sheets 13and 14. 

r .1 fiinil! i>,n-ty. unfuo. This word is used 
throughout tlu-si- annuls to denote "a few, or a 
! 1 party." S.v O'Brien's Dictionary, in vote. 
In th.' o!.l translation of the Annals of Ulster 
tin- passage is remlcn-d thus, un.l.-r the year 
ll!i;[w/,. ll;>7]: "An. 11%. An army by 
Mm ili- (.'..iir-y with the Gall* of VNtrr to 



Krivy, and made the castle of Killsandle, and 
wasted theTrichaced ofKyanaght"[out] "of that 
castle, In that castle was Rochel Pitun left with 
a number to him. This Rochel Pitun came to 
Port Dyry, and spoyled Cluain hie and Anagh 
and Dergbruagh. Flaithvertagh O'Moildory, 
King of Kindred Owen overtooke him with a 
few of Conels and Owens, and broke of them 
uppon the shore of Vochongvail, that most 
of them were killed through the miracles of 
Columkill, Cainegh, and Brekan, whom they 
spoyled [i. e. whose churches they had plun- 
dered]." There is no reference to Ardgal Mac 
Loughlin in this translation, but his name is in- 
serted in a more modern hand in the Dublin copy 
of the Annals of Ulster. The son of Ardgal Mac 
Loughlin seems to have joined the English on this 
occasion, as he is stated to have been slain through 
the miracles of the patron saints of the district 

'FaughanvaU. Colgan writes \tNuaeJiongbail. 
There are several other places of this name in 
Ireland : one near the foot of Croaghpatrick, 
in the county of Mayo ; a second in the county 
of Westmeath, on the borders <jf the county of 
Longford ; a third on the River Boyne, to the 
west of Drogheda ; and a fourth in the county 
of Clare. The name is translated Noon habitatio 
by Colgan. See Ada Sanctorum, p. 141, note 8. 

( Canice, cumoech He is the patron saint 
of the territory of Kienaghta, in which he wa.< 
born in the year 516 See Colgan, Triat 



110 dNNaca Rio^hachca eiraeaNR [1107. 

TTlac ecijj Do cianaccaib Do plar alcopa ceampaill moip ooipe colaim 
cille, i cficpe cuipn bao peapp po baoi in Gpmo oo bpeir eipce, .1. mac 
TCiabac, mac polap, copn uf maofloopaib, ~\ cammcopamo copn uf bocapcaij;, 
T?o bpipicc imoppa ~\ Do all a nionnmappa, ~] a loppa bi'b. popic [ppir] 
imoppa na peoiD ip in cpfp 16 lap r\a njoio, -\ an ci po 5010, -| po cpochab la 
plaicb'eapcac 05 cpoipp na piag i neneac column cille ipa hulroip po papai. 

plaicbfpcac ua maoiloopaib cijeapna cenel cconaill, eojam, ~\ aipjiall 
copnamac cfmpa, ~\ piojbamna Gpeann uile ; Conall ap Idoc6acc epibe, 
Cuculainn ap jaipcceab, 5 ua T e a P e n ea c, TTlac lujac ap occlacup Decc (an 
oapa la pebpuapi) lap ccpeablaio cojaioe, i mmp Sairhep ipm cpiocacmab 
bliabam a plairiupa, -\ ipm nomab bliabain ap caogacc a aoipe. Qgup po 
habnacc t nopuim cuama co nonoip arhail po ba6 ofop. 

^abaip eacmapcac ua Docapcaij (.1. an giolla pponmaol) cfnnup cenel 
cconaill po ceDoip, -| i ccionn coicribipi laporh cainij lohn Do cuipc co poc- 
paice moip imaille ppip cap cuaim hi ccfp eogain, aippibe co hapoppara mp- 
pm cimceallgo Doipe colaim cille. Qipipic coicc haibce ann. 'CiajaiD laparh 
co cnoc napcain Dia niomapcap caipip. Ueccaic Dna cenel conaill im ecmap- 
cac ua noocapcaij Dia paijiD, peprap cac fcoppa, ~\ copcparop pochaibe 
mop aDiu i anall. "fori mo cenel conaill ann po oichijic ifccpibe uaip rop- 



Thaum., p. 182 ; and Ada Sanctorum, p. 190 ; * Guaire in hospitality He is here compared 

also Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, to Guaire Aidhne, King of Connaught, who was 

voL ii. pp. 200, 202. so distinguished for hospitality and bounty that 

u Mac Etigh In the Annals of Ulster and he became the personification of generosity 

Kilronan he is called Mac Gilla Edich. among the Irish bards. Guaire was King of Con- 

w Their jewels (1 nionmapa 7 a loppa naught for thirteen years, and died in the year 

In the Annals of Ulster the reading is : 7 call 662. See Tribes and Customs oflly-Fnn-hrnch, 

a nmnmnpa 7 a lapa bib ; which in the old printed for the Irish Archaeological Society in 

translation is rendered, "broke their gilt and 1844, p. 391- 

silver off them." * Mac Lughach in feats of arms. He was the 

1 Defender of Tara, copnamac cfmpa This best spearsman among the Fiana Eireann, or 

might also.be translated contender for Tara, i. e. Irish Militia, in the third century. He was the 

for the sovereignty of Ireland. son of Daire Dcrg, and grandson of Finn Mac 

i ConneU . . . Cuchullin. These were two of the Cumhaill, the FingalofMac Pherson's Ossian, 

most distinguished of the Red Branch heroes, and was called Mac Lughach, from his mother 

who flourished in Ulster under Concovar Mac Lugha Sec Book of Lismore, fol. 204, b, where 

Nessa in the first century. St. Patrick is introduced as asking the senior 



l!!)7.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM <>I' IllELAND. Ill 

Mac Etigh", one of the Kienaghts, robbed the altar of the great church <>! 
I). Try, and earrinl oil' the four best goblets in Ireland, viz. Mac Uiabhach, 
Mac Solas, the goblet of O'Muldory, and the goblet of O'Doherty, called 
Cam-Corainn. These he broke, smd took off their jewels" and brilliant g< 
On the third day after this robbery, these jewels and the thief were discovered. 
He was hanged by Flaherty [O'Muldory] at Cros-na-riagh (i. e. the Cross of 
Executions), in revenge of Columbkille, whose altar he had profaned. 

Flaherty O'Muldory, Lord of Kinel-Connell, Kinel-Owen, and Oriel, de- 
fender of Tara x , heir presumptive to the sovereignty of all Ireland, a Connell in 
heroism, aCuchullin" in valour, aGuaire 1 in hospitality, and a Mac Lughach in 
feats of arms', died on Inis Saimer", on the second day of February, after long 
and patient suffering, in the thirtieth year of his reign, and fifty-ninth of his 
age, and was interred at Drumhome with due honour. 

Eachmarcach O'Doherty (i. e. Gilla Sron-mael) immediately after assumed 
the chieftainship of Kinel-Connell. A fortnight afterwards John De Courcy, 
with a numerous army, crossed Toome into Tyrone, thence proceeded to 
Ardstraw, and afterwards marched round to Derry-Columbkille, where he and 
liis troops remained five nights. They then set out for the hill ofCnoc- 
Nasruin", to be conveyed across it ; but the Kinel-Connell, under the conduct 
of Eachmarcach O'Doherty, came to oppose them, and a battle was fought 
between them, in which many fell on both sides. The Kinel-Conell were much 

nain, who this Mac Lughach was, side of the river, about one mile to the west of 

tlm.- : Cm oap mac ITIuc lujqach, po piappaijep the town of Ballyshannon. 

r>ic (i peip, (i Cinlci, 'ip pacptuc. Dlac DO c Drumhome, opuim ruama, a church and 

t)uipe Oepjs mac Finn, ap Cuilci. "Whose parish in the barony of Tirhugh, and county 

midi, I asked of thee last of Donegal. This church is referred to under 

niiihi. ot'ailti, Mii<l Patrick. He was the son the Latinized name of Dortttm Tvmma? by Adtm- 

of I' :'Finn, replied Cailti." nan in his Vita Cclumba!, lib. iii. c. 23. 

: i-l:iml in tli l; ;..; Kino, im- also mentioned in O'Donnell's Life of Columba, 

:ictofEosAodhaRuaidh, lib. iii. c. 61 ; in Ussher's Primordia, p. 969; and 

1:11111011. Km- tin' origin of the name also in the Irish Calendar of the O*Clerys, at 

Imp Siimu-p. ^'s History of Ireland, 23rd September, where it is stated that it in 

Hnliiby'-. Edition, p. KM; and O'Flaherty's one of St. Adamnan's churches. 

... O'Muldory had a house d CHOC Nateain, was the ancient name of a hill 

MI ilii> island Tin- ii]i'na<t<-ry of Eas Aodha near Lough Swilly, in the barony of Inishowen, 

i- not on tin- i-l.iipl, hut on the north but the name is now obsolete. 



112 ciNNata Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [in is 

cpacap Da cet> oiob im eacmapcac pep pin, im 6onncha6 ua caipceipc coipeac 
cloinne Srieogile 0005 einij, i ean^nama, ceille, -| comaiple cenel cconaill 
inle im jiolla mbpijoe ua noocapcaij, im rhag noubain, im lliling pfpjail, -] 
im rhacaib ua mbaoijill, -] im paopclanoaib oile, -| po aipccpfo imp eojain. 
1 DO beapcpacc bopaime mop leo epce, ~| lompoiDicc imp pin. 

Concobap ua cacain Do ecc. 

Concobap mac caiDg ci^eapna maije luipg ~j maije aof, cuip opoam, 
aipecaip, einij, ) comaipce connacc uile Decc lap nairpije cojaiDe i mamip- 
np aca Dalaapj. 

ITiacpair ua laicbepcaij canaipi cfpe heojain ~| TTlaolpuanaiD ua cai- 
pellain coipec cloinne Diapmaoa Do rhapbaD. 

Dorhnall mac Rajnaill mec Rajnaill Do rhapbaD Do rhacaib mec Duib- 
Dapa i piull. 

T?uai6pi ua plairbfpraij cijeapna lapcaip connacc DO jabail la caral 
cpoiboeapg la pig connacc. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1198. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, ceD, nocacc, a hocc. 

^lolla macliacc ua bpandin Do arcup a corhapbaip uaDa, -\ jiollacpipc 
ua cCpnai^ Do oipDneab ma iona6 in abbDame colaim cille Do pfip coja 
laoc -] cleipeac cuaipcipc 6peann i ccoicanne. 

RuaiDpi ua concobaip 17i Connacc ~\ 6peann uile eiccip jallaib ~| gaome- 

' Tower, euip The word cuip properly p. 295 ; but Ru6paie is found among the Irish 

means a prop, pillar, support, or fulcrum, and as the proper name of a man at the earliest pe- 

cop means a tower. But as Colgan has trans- riod of their history. Id., pp. 26, 59, 293. 

lated cuip throughout his works by the Latin Throughout this translation the name Ruaiopi 

turris, the translator has adopted the word tower, is anglicised Kory, except in the name of this 

but it should be understood in the sense of sup- last monarch of Ireland, which is made Roderic 

port, or prop, throughout. for the sake of distinction. During ten years 

f Roderic O 1 Conor, Ruaiopi ua ConcoBaip. of his life this unfortunate prince reigned over 

The nameRuaiopi, which is to be distinguished Connaught only, for the eighteen following he 

from Ruopaije, seems to be of Danish origin in WHS acknowledged by the greater part of the 

Ireland. It first occurs in the Irish Annals at Irish chieftains as monarch of all Ireland ; but 

the year 780. See O'Conor's edition of the finally, upon the unnatural revolt of his sons, 

first part of the Annals of the Four Masters, he retired, according to the Annals of Kilronan, 



II 'JR.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 113 

slaughtered, for two hundred of them were slain, besides Eachmarcach himself 
and Donough O'Tairchirt, Chief of Clann-Snedhgile [Clann-Snelly], the prop 
of the hospitality, valour, wisdom, and counsel of all the Kinel-Conell; and also 
(Jilla-Brighde O'Doherty, Mag-Duane, Mag-Fergail, the sons of O'Boyle, and 
many other nobles. The English then plundered Inishowen, and carried off 
a great number of cows from thence, and then returned. 

Conor O'Kane died. 

Conor, the son of Teige, Lord of Moylurg and Moynai, tower* of the gran- 
deur, splendour, hospitality, and protection of all Connaught, died after ex- 
emplary penance in the monastery of Ath-da-laarg (Boyle). 

Magrath Laverty, Tanist of Tyrone, and Mulrony O'Carellan, Chief of 
Clann-Dermot, were slain. 

Donnell, son of Randal Mac Ranall, was treacherously slain by the sons of 
Mac Duvdara. 

Rory O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, was taken prisoner by Cathal 
Crovderg, King of Connaught. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1198. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-eight. 

Gillamacliag O'Branan resigned his abbacy; and Gilchreest O'Kearney was 
elected coarb of St. Columbkille by the universal suffrages of the clergy and 
laity of the north of Ireland. 

Roderic O'Conor', King of Connaught and of all Ireland, both the Irish and 

in 1183, into the abbey of Cong, which had lustre, without any alloy from temerity, revenge, 

founded and endowed by himself, where he and despair," p. 28. But Mr. Moore, who hu 

i the last thirteen years of his life. The weighed his character without any bias from fa- 

late Dr. O'Conor, in his suppressed work, Me- mily pride, has come to the conclusion, that 

Hi-urn of the Life and UV/V//<y. <// ('hark* O'Conor "the only feeling his name awakens is that of 

<> I',, ' 'i "it/are, has endeavoured to invest the pity for the doomed country which at such a 

lif< and character of this weak monarch with crisis of its fortunes, when honour, safety, in- 

hiToic dignity and interest, asserting that "in dependence, national existence, were all at stake, 

his advorMty his fortitude was not of thut ig- was cursed, for the crowning of its evil destiny, 

noble species, which flows from resentment ;" with a ruler and leader o utterly unworthy of 

liut that "his constancy shone forth in all its hi high calling." History of Ireland, vol. ii. 



114 



[1198. 



laib Decc hi ccandncaib i ccunga lap naicpi^e rojame, ~| mji mbpfir bua6a 
6 Doman, ~\ o beaman, ~\ puccab a copp co cluam mic noip, ~\ po habnaicean 
Don caob cuaib Dalcoip cfmpaill moip cluana mic noip. 

TTIac bpmm bpeipmj mic coippbealbaij uf concobaip Do mapbaD la cacal 
cappac mac concobaip maonmaije. 

Cacalan ua maolpabaill cijeapna caippje bpacaije Do mapbab Dua 
oepain, -\ ua Depain peipin Do mapbab ma Dfogail po ceboip. 

Sluaicceab la lohn De cuipr hi ccfp eojain ap puD na cceall, ~\ po 
haipcceab, -\ po milleab Gpbppaca, -\ parboc laip, Ramie mporh Doipe 
colaim cille, -] baoi ainnpibe DI oibce pop peacrmain ajmilleao inpi heojain 
1 an cfpe apcfna, -| nf pajab app icip ineallma muna coippeab ao& 6 nell 
luce coicc long co cill * * * i lacapnaib, -\ po loipc nf Don baile, ) po mapb 
occ ppip becc Do jallaib, T?o nonoilpfc joill maiji line, -\ Dail apame cpi 
ceD DO poccain ao&a, "| nf po pachaij aoD nac nf co po Doipcpfc ma cfnn 05 



p. 340. The only remark which the Editor 
deems necessary to add here on the history of 
this unfortunate monarch is, that it is stated in 
the Hisloria Families De Burgo, preserved in 
the Library of Trinity College, Dublin, that 
Kickard More, the son of William Fitz Adelm 
De Burgo, in the battle of Leithridh, near 
Dublin, deprived him of his arm and kingdom 
with one stroke of his sword ! a fact which, if 
true, has been concealed by all other writers on 
Irish history. The descendants of Roderic have 
been long extinct in Ireland, in the male line ; 
but, if we believe the author of Vita Kirovani, 
and O'Flaherty, the Lynches of Galway descend 
from him in the female line. See Account of 
West Connaught, printed for the Irish Archaeo- 
logical Society, p. 36. According to Duald 
Mac Firbis, the Lacys of the county of Lime- 
rick have sprung from William, the son of Sir 
Hugh De Lacy, by the daughter of Roderic 
O'Conor. 

8 Carrick-Braghy, cappaic bpacmoe, a terri- 
tory comprising the north-western part of Inish- 
owen, where the family of O'Maelfabhaill is still 



in existence ; but the name is anglicised Mul- 
faal, and sometimes, incorrectly, Mac Paul. 

11 John De Courcy. This passage is also given 
in the Annals of Ulster and of Kilronan, nearly 
word for word as in the text of the Four Mas- 
ters, except that they add that some of the 
English of Moylinny and Dalaradia were dressed 
in iron mail. It is rendered as follows in the 
old translation of the Annals of Ulster. The 
Irish phrases in brackets are from the Dublin 
copy of the Ulster Annals. " A. D. 1 198 \recte 
1199]. An army, by John de Courcy, into Tir- 
owen among the churches [up puc na ceall], 
viz., Ardsraha and Rathboth spoyled by him, 
untill he came to Dyry, and was there nine 
nights, spoyling of Inis Owen and the country 
about, and [zeowW not have] went [gone] (Vein 
thence for a long tynie [7 ni pa ja6 ap ppi pe po- 
ca], untill [unless] with five ships HughO'Nealt: 
went [had gone] to Killaharna and burnt part of 
the town, and killed forty wanting two. Them 
were the Galls of Moyline and Dalnaray, tlin . 
hundred before them in iron plate and without 
iron, and wist nothing untill they rushed upon 



ANNALS OF TIIH KIX(M)()M OF IRELAND 



115 



the English, died among the canons at Cong, after exemplary penance, victo- 
rious over the world and the devil. His body was conveyed to Clonmacnoise, 
and interred at the north side of the altar of the great church. 

The son of Brian Breifneagh, who was the son of Turlough O'Conor, was 
slain by Cathal Carragh, the son of Conor Moinmoy. 

Catlialiiii ( )'Mulfavil, Lord of Carrick-Braghy 1 , was slain byO'Dearan, who 
was himself slain immediately afterwards in revenge of him. 

An army was led by John De Courcy* into Tyrone, among the churches ; 
;iiid Ardstraw and Rnphoe were plundered and destroyed by him. He after- 
wards went to Deny, where he remained a week and two days, destroying 
Inishowen and the country generally. And he would not have withdrawn all 
his forces from thence had not Hugh O'Neill sailed with five ships to Kill 1 * * * 
in Latharna, burned a part of the town, and killed eighteen of the English. 
The English of Moylinny* and Dalaradia mustered three hundred men, and 
marched against Hugh, who had no intimation of their approach until they 



tin 'in, burning the town. Then they fought in 
the midcst of the towne [op lap in baile] untill 
the Galls were put to flight, and gave them five 
overthrows after untill they went to their ships, 
and killed but five of O'Neal's men. Then went 
John away [from Dyry] hearing of this." 

1 Kill in Lome, cill I lacopna In 
tin- Annals of Ulster this name is written cill, 
with a blank left for the latter part of the name, 
exactly as in the text of the Four Masters ; but 
in the Annals of Kilronan it is written cill a 
larapna, L e. a church in the territory of La- 
tharna; and in the old translation of the Annals 
of Ulster it is made Killaharna. Latharna is 
rii ' w called Larne, and is the name of a village 
in the east of the county of Antrim ; but it was 
originally a tuath, cinainuut, or regiuncula, near 
Lough Laoigh in Ulster See Colgan's Trias 
T/iaum., p. 188, and 5th Imli-x. There can be 
little doubt that the cill, or church, whose name 
is hi- re K-l't iiii|-rh<-t l.y the annalists, is the 
celebrated church of Cill Ruao, now anglicised 

Q 



Kilroot but anciently Kilroegh and Kilreiigh 
which was certainly in this district See the Ca- 
lendar of the O'Clerys, at 16th October. This 
church, whose patron saint was a Bishop Colman, 
son of Cathbhadh, IB described as situated on 
the brink of Loch Laoigh in Dalaradia, in Ulster. 
See also the Feilire, or Festilogy of Aengus, at 
the same day, where this church is described, a* 
pop bpu locha laijj i n-UUcaiB, " on the brink 
of Loch Laigh in Uladh." For the descent of 
the tribe originally seated in the regiuncula of 
Latharna, the reader is referred to Duald Mao 
Firbis's Genealogical work, Marquis of Drogh- 
eda's copy, p. 248. 

* Moylinny, mcrj line This name is still pre- 
served as that of a townland in the parith of An- 
trim, in the county of Antrim. But Moylinny, 
before the present arrangement of the ban.! 
in the county of Antrim, was a territory which 
extended from Lough Neagh toCarrickfergu*. 
See note ', p. 23, on Dal Euinne. For its boun- 
daries in 1609, see note under the year 1503. 



116 aNNdta Rio^hachca eircecmN. [1199. 

lopccan an baile. l?o pfpa6 lomaipeacc eacoppa laporii, -| po rhuiD pop jal- 
laib, i cucca6 coicc mabmanna poppa 6 cd pin co noeacpac ina longaib, i 
ni po mapbaD Do mumcip ao6a ace coi^eap namd. lap cclop na pccel pin 
t)o lohn po pagaib an baile i paibe .1. ooipe colaim cille. 

Coccao eicip cenel conaill -| eojain, i cenel conaill to coimcfnjal la 
liua neccmj in accham cenel eojain, -\ po boi coinne fcoppa Do naiDm a 
ccapaopab hi ccepmann Dabeocc. Cainic cpd ao6 ua neill 50 ccenel eojam 
imme Do coipmeapcc na coinne, i po lonnpaijj ua heiccnijj, -j po rheabaiD 
paip co bpapccaib bpaiccDe la hua neill. 

Oo DeachaiD aob 50 ccenel eojjain ip in 16 cfona, co nDepnpac cpeic pop 
cenel conaill hi macaipe TTlaije hioca, ~\ cucpac bopairhe Dipime mp mapbaD 
leo ui DuibDiopma pop pceimleaD mapcpluaij. 

SluaijeaD la haob ua nell -\ la cenel neojain Dopioipi 50 macaipe TTlaije 
hioca Do cabaipc caca Do cenel cconaill, -| po pdgaibpfc cenel cconaill a 
longpopc leo, ) DO ponaD blobaD pice i caoac fcoppa Don cup pin. 

Cacal cpoiboeapj ua concobaip Do Denarii pio&a ppi cacal cappac mac 
concobaip maonmai^e, ] a cabaipc Don cfp, ~| peapann Do cabaipc Do. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1199. 
Ctoip CpiopD, mile, ceD, nochacc, anaoi. 

TTlaolfopa mac jiolla epdin, aipcmoeac cille moipe ua malldin, ~\ a6bap 
comapba pacpaic Decc. 

Sanccup TTlaupiciup ua baoccdin Decc in hf colaimm cille. 

Do ponpac goill ulab cpf ploij mopa hi cfp neojain, ~| an cpep ploij DO 
ponpac, po ^abpac longpopc 05 Doriinac mop maije lomcldip, -\ Do cuippfc 

1 WHegny He was at this period the Chief observed, was the level part of the barony of 

of all Fermanagh, the Maguires not having as Raphoe, now called the Lagan. 

yet acquired any power over that territory Kilmore-Oneilland, cill mop ua niallain 

See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 76. Now the parish of Kilmore, in the barony of 

m A skirmish, rceirhleao tna]icfluaij5, askir- Oneilland, and county of Armagh, about tlmv 

mish of cavalry. In the old translation of the miles east of the city of Armagh. 

Annals of Ulster, it is rendered " Nell O'Duiv- p Donaghmore-Moy -Imdare, Domnac mop 

dirma was killed uppon a skirmish." muije imclaip. Now Donaghmore, a cliurch 

n The plain of May Itha This, as already and parish in the barony of Dungannon, and 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 117 

round him, wliiK- he was burning the town. A battle was then 
louuht between them, in which the English were defeated. The Engli-h \ 
routed five succe-M\v times before they retreated to their ship*-, and li 
were only five of Hugh's people slain. As soon as John [De Courcy] hud 
heard of this, he left the place where he was [determined upon making con- 
ijuests], that is, Derry-Columbkille. 

A war broke out between the Kinel-Connell and the Kinel-Owen. The 
Kiuel-Connell joined O'Hegny 1 against the Kinel-Owen; and they had a meet- 
ing at Termon Daveog, for the purpose of forming a league of amity with him. 
Hugh O'Neill, however, repaired thither to prevent the meeting, and attacked 
and defeated O'Hegny, who delivered him hostages. 

On the same day Hugh and the Kinel-Owen went to the plain of Magh 
Ithe, and plundered the Kinel-Connell. From this place they drove off a vast 
number of cows, after killing O'Duvdirma in a skirmish" between the cavalry. 

Hugh O'Neill and the Kinel-Owen made a second incursion into tin- plain 
of Moy Itha, to give battle to the Kinel-Connell; but the Kinel-Connell left 
their camp to them, upon which terms of peace and friendship were agreed on 
between the parties. 

Cathal Crovderg O'Conor made peace with Cathal Carragh, the son of 
Conor Moinmoy, brought him into his territory, and gave him lands. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1199. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand one hundred ninety-nine. 

Maelisa, son of Gilla-Ernain, Erenagh of Kilmore-OneilhnuT, and intended 
Miccessor of St. Patrick, died. 

Sanctus Mauritius O'Baedain died in Ily-Columbkille. 

Tin- Knglish of Ulidia made three great incursions into Tyrone, and on tin- 
third incursion they pitched their camp at Donaghmore-Moy-Imclare p , and sent 

three miles west of the town of Dungannon. This before St. Patrick's time, as we learn from the 

church was founded by St Patrick, who placed Festilogy of Aengus, at the 6th September : 

th.n u St. Columba, called in Irish ColumRuis Ropr slonoa amm in bcnU pniup .1. jltin 

The place where this church stands amm na ribpao pi arm, 7 oomnach mop amm 

called Ros Glandu, from a well named Glan, moiu ; " Roes Gland* wat the name of the place 



118 



eiueaNN. 



[1199- 



Dponj mop Dm mumcip Do rhillea6 i DO cpeachaD an ape. Camic Dna ao6 
6 neill inD oipfp an cploij coma compamic 66, -| DO na jjallaib, i po la a 
nap, i an Do fpna uaba po elaibpfc fan aiDce gan nac caipfpeam co noea- 
cacap rap euaim. 

SluaicceaD la Ruai&pi ua nouinnplebe co nf Do jallaib miDe, i po aipcc- 
pec mamipeip phoil, -j peaccaip co nap paccaibpfc innce ace aon bo. 

Oomnall ua Docapcaij cijeapna cenel nenDa i apoa mioDaip Oecc. 

Donnchao uaieneac mac RuaiDpi ui Concobaip DO mapbaD la Sapcaib 
luimnij. 

TCobub mac poeDig coipec cenel aongupa DO rhapbab la gallaib ap cpec 
in ua neapca cein. 

Cacal cpoibDeapj ua concobaip DO lonnapbab a pije Connacc, -\ cacal 
cappac DO jabail a lonaib. 

Sluaicceao la hao6 ua neill i poipian cacail cpoibDeip^jobpfpaibmaije 
hfoca, 1 co naipjipallaib ju pangaccap cfj baoirin aipcij. Soipfc laporh 50 



capaic ap oiapmioe poppo, 7 po elaoup pan 
amce co noecaoap cap Cuaim. It is rendered 
as follows in the old translation : " A. D. 1 199" 
\recte 1200], "The Galls of Vlster this yeare 
prayed" [preyed] " thrice in Tyrowen, and the 
third tyme they camped at Donnaghmore, and 
sent forth a great army. Hugh O Neale came 
to prevent them, and fought with the Galls and 
broke of them, and slaughtered a great number 
of them, and they stole away by night, untill 
they went beyond Toame." 

' O'Donglti-y, ua oumnpleiBe ; more cor- 
rectly mac tiuinnplebe, in the Dublin copy of 
the Annals of Ulster. It is thus rendered in 
the old translation : " A. D. 1 199- An army by 
Rory Mac Dunleve to" [with] " some of the 
Galls of Meath, and spoyled the Abbey of Paul 
and Peter, so as they left but one cowe." 

* Kinel-Enda and Ard-Mire. Kinel-Enda 
was the ancient name of the district situated 
I ii 'tween the Rivers Foyle and S willy, in the 
county of Donegal See p. 19, note d . Ard- 
mire, or Ard Miudhair, was the name of a ter- 



first, L e. from Glan, the name of the 
well which is there ; and Domnach mor is its 
name at this day." See also the Irish Calendar 
of the O'Clerys at the same day, where it is 
added that Domhnach mor Moighe lomchlair is 
in Tir Eoghain, now Tyrone. Magh Imchlair 
was the ancient name of the plain in which the 
church of Donaghmore stands. It is explained 
by Colgan as follows : " Imcklair, qua; et ali- 
quando Maghclair, .i. campus planus, sive pla- 
nities legitur vocata ; est ager regionis Tironiffi, 
non procul a Dungenainn, et in ecclesia eiusdem 
regionis Domnach mor dicta colitur S. Columba 
Prsebyter 6. Septemb." Trias Thaum., p. 184, 
c. 1. 

q Toome This passage is given as follows in 
the Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster : A. D. 
1200. Oo ponpac jaill ulab cpi cpecha i cip 
neo^ain, 7 in qifp cpech DO ponpac oo jabpac 
lonjpopc ic botnnach mop muiji imclaip, 
DO cuippec cpech mop imach. Caintj aeo 
ua neill in aipcip na cpeice co po compac oo 
7 na jaill 7 co po mai6 ap jallaiB. 7 co 



1199-] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



lirt h a large body of their troops to destroy and plunder the country. Hugh 
O'Neill set out to oppose this host; and they came to an engagement, in which 
tin- English were slaughtered, and such as escaped from him fled 'secretly by 
night, tarrying nowhere until they had passed Toome 9 . 

l.'.'i -y ( )'Donslevy r , and some of the English of Meath, mustered a body of 
troops, and plundered the Monastery of SS. Peter and Paul (at Armagh), and 
left only one cow there. 

Donnell O'Doherty, Lord of Kinel-Euda and Ard-Mire 1 , died. 

Donough Uaithneach, the son of Roderick O'Conor, was slain by the Eng- 
lish of Limerick. 

Roduv Mac Roedig, Chief of Kinel- Aengusa, was slain by the English, on 
a predatory incursion, in Hy-Earca-Cein'. 

Cathal Crovderg O'Conor was banished from the kingdom of Connaught ; 
and Cathal Carrach assumed his place. 

Hugh O'Neill, with the men of Moy-Itha and the men of Oriel, marched tn 
Tibohine-Artagh", to relieve Cathal Crovderg O'Conor. They returned again, 



rilory lying westwards of Kinel-Enda, in the 
direction of Lough Finn. It is to be distin- 
guished from Ceann Maghair, near Fanaid. The 
O'Dohertys were afterwards settled in the ter- 
ritory, now the barony of Inishowen, which had 
been previously possessed by families of the 
Kinel-Owen race, who were all tributary either 
to Mac Loughlin, or O'Neill ; but after the set- 
tlement of the O'Dohertys, who were of the 
Kmel-Connell race, the inhabitants of Inish- 
\\vii generally paid tribute to O'Donnell. 

r ilii-Earca-Cein This was the ancient name 
of a tribe situated in a valley in the present ba- 
rony and county oif Antrim. SeeColgan's Trio* 
TAaum., p. 183, coL 2, note 221. 

The Kinel-Aengusa were a tribe of the Clanna 
Kury, in the sume neighbourhood. They de- 
scend, according to Duald Mac Firbis, from 
^nis, the second son of Maelcobha, and the 
(.'hiri's i.f Lcath Cathnil, now the barony of Le- 
cale, in the county of Down, were of them 



See his Genealogical Book (Lord Roden's copy), 
p. 568 : Da mac ITIaoilcooa .1. blacmac, u 
quo piojpaib ulab, 7 aonjup, a quo cinel 
n-aongupu; ap t>ib pio^puio leire curcul. 

u Tibohine-Artagh, Ceac oaoicin aipci j, L e. 
the house, or church of St. Baoithin, of the ter- 
ritory of Airteach. It is now the name of a j*- 
rish church in the diocese of Elphin See the 
Feilire Aenyuu at 19th of February, where. 
this church is described as lying to the west of 
Croghan, in Connaught: "ppi cpuacham Con- 
nachc oniap;" and the Irish Calendar of tin- 
O'Clerys at the same day, where the saint is 
called " Bishop Baoithin, the son of C'uanach, 
of Airteach." See also Colgan's Trio* Tka*m,, 
p. 370, coL 1, notes 17, 18, 19 ; and Aeta Sanc- 
torum, pp. 369, 370 ; also Erck' Ecclesiastical 
Register ; Beaufort's Ecclesiastical Map of Ire- 
land ; and ArchdalPs Monasticon (at Tibohin). 
The parish called after this church is still some- 
times locally called Airteach ; but the territory 



120 



[1199. 



panjaoap eapoapa, -\ puce oppa cacal cappac co maieib connacc, i uilliam 
bupc 50 njallaib luimnij maille ppip. peacap lomaipeacc eacoppa, ~\ po 
ppaomeab pop euaipcepe Gpeann, -| po pdgbab ann ua heccmj cijeapna 
oipjiall, i pochame cenmocd pom. 

Sluaigheab la lohn Do Cuipc co ngallaib ulab, i la mac hujo De laci co 
njallaib mibe hi poipian cacail cpoiboeipg 50 panjaoap cill mic Duac. 
Uainicc laporh cacal cappac co cconnaceaib imaille ppip, ~\ po cacaijpfc 
ppi apoile. Spaoineeap pop jjallaib ulab -\ mibe aipm hi pabaceap cuicc 
caca, m eepna ace Da cae bfb, -| po leanab iaD alldcaip an caea 50 pmn 
Duin pop loc pib, i po jabab lomcurhanj pop lohn ainnpibe, -| po mapbab 
Dponj mop Do jallaib, i po bdibiD apaill Dfob ap ni puapaccap conaip 
eeichib ace a noeacaib i neacpaib cap loc poip uaca. 

Ruapc ua TTlaoilbpenamn coipech cloinne concobaip DO ecc. 

l?i Sa;ran lohn Do pioghaoh op Sa^ain .6. Ctppil. 

TTlupchab mac cochldin cijeapna oealbna fchpa DO ecc. 



of Airteach was more extensive than the present 
parish of Tibohine See note under the year 
1197. There is another parish church called 
Teagh Baoithin, in the barony of Raphoe, but 
the name is now anglicised Taughboyne, though 
always pronounced Tiboyne by the Scotch set- 
tlers, and Tibweeheen by those who speak the 
Irish language. This is called after St. Baoithin, 
orBaithenus, son of Brendan, son of Fergus, the 
relative and companion of St. Columbkille, and 
his immediate successor in the abbacy of lona. 

w Kilmacduagli, Cill mic t)ucic, i. e. the 
cliurch of Mac Duach, an ancient cathedral 
church in the barony of Kiltartan, and county 
of Galway. This church was erected by Guaire 
Aidhne, King of Connaught, about the year 
610, for his kinsman, Colman Mac Duach, who 
is the patron saint of the Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne, 
a tribe who possessed the entire of the present 
diocese of Kilmacduagh before the English in- 
vasion See Colgan, Ada Sanctorum, p. 245 ; 
and Tribe* and Customt ofHy-Many, printed for 



the Irish Archa?ological Society in 1842, p. 71, 
note b , and map to the same work. 

* Rindoten, Rum oum, i. e. the point or pe- 
ninsula of the dun, or earthen fort. This penin- 
sula extends into Lough Ree, in the parish of St. 
John's, barony of Athlone, and county of Ros- 
common, and is about eight miles to the north 
of the town of Athlone. See Ordnance Map of 
the county of Roscommon, sheet 46. This pe- 
ninsula contains the ruins of a castle of great 
size and strength, and of a military wall, with 
gates and towers, of considerable extent and 
magnificence, measuring five hundred and sixty- 
four yards in length, and dividing the liin, 
or point, from the main land by extending 
from water to water. It is stated in the Iri^h 
Annals that the Danish tyrant, Turgesius, built 
a fortress on Lough Ree, and it has been con- 
jectured that by him was erected the dun, or 
fort, from which this point of land was denomi- 
nated Rinn oum See a very curious descrip- 
tion of this place, by Mr. Pctrie, in the Irish 



11!)!).] 



ANNALS OF THi: KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



limvever, and on coming to Easclara (Ballysadurc), wore overtaken by Cathal 
Carragh, with the chiefs of Connaught, and William Burke, with the English 
<>i' Limerick: a battle was fought between them, in which the/mw (/the 
north of Ireland were defeated; and O'Hegny, Lord of Oriel, and many others 
beside him, were slain. 

John de Courcy, with the English of Ulidia, and the son of Hugo De Lacy, 
with the English of Meath, marched to Kilmacduagh" to assist Cathal Crovderg 
< )'( 'onor. Cathal Carragh, accompanied by the Connacians, came, and gave 
them battle : and the English of Ulidia and Meath were defeated with auch 
xt, i //>/// tn- tlmt, of their five battalions, only two survived; and these were pur- 
sued from the field of battle to Rindown* on Lough Kee, in which place John 
was completely hemmed in. Many of his English were killed, and others v. 
drowned; for they found no passage by which to escape, except by crossing 

lake in boats. 

Rourke O'Mulrenin, Chief of Clann-Conor r , died. 

John was crowned King of England on the sixth of April. 

Murrough Mac Coghlan, Lord of Delvin Eathra, died 1 . 



Penny Journal, No. 10, pp. 73, 74, 75. 

1 Clann- Conor. See note under year the 
1196, 

' The Annals of Kilronan and of Clonmacnoise 
enter these transactions under the year 1200; 
and the former contain a much fuller and more 
detailed account of the battles between the two 
rivals of the house of O'Conor in this and the 
two succeeding years. The Annals of Clon- 
muenoise add, that soon after this slaughter of 
tin- English at Lough Ree, Cathal Carragh 
was treacherously taken prisoner by Hugh 
De Lacy, who confined him in tin- Castle of 
Nobber (an Obaip), there to be kept until he 
slu-uhl '_'ive them their pay. The whole pas- 
sage is thus translated by Connell Mageoghegan : 
"A. D. 1200. Cahall Crovcdearg O'Connor, ac- 
eompmii.'il with tin- forcvs of John De Coursey and 
lltv.'h Delacic. jmssed through Connought. untill 
they came to Tyrefiaghragh Aynio, where they 



were mett by Cahall Carragh O'Connor, with all 
his Irish and English forces, and were overthrown 
and pursued to Koyndown (now called Teagh 
Eoyn, or John's house, ncer Loghrie). John 
Coursey was driven to take boate when he came 
to that place, and his people knew not where to 
betake themselves for their safety, but only by 
sailing into the islands of Loghrie, where an in- 
finite number of them were slain and drowned. 
Soone after Cahall Carragh was taken deceipttully 
by the English of Meath, and by Hugh Delacy 
the younger, and was conveighed to the Cast : > 
the Ubber, there to be safely kept, untill he had 
given them their pay, which he was content to 
give in part, and for the rest to give security, 
by which means he was sett at Liberty, and im- 
mediately went to Munster to Macarthic and 
William Burke. And for John Coursey, after 
Claying of his people, [he] returned to Ulster 
again." 



122 



[1200. 



aois crcioso, 1200. 

Ctoip Cpiopo, mile, t>6t ceo. 

CaDhla ua Dubraij aipDeppcop cuama oecc lap pfnoacaib. 

Uaipeipje mac maoilmopba mic uaipeipje uf neaccain uapal ppuic DO 
cib cluana mic noip, pfp Ian DO bepepc, -\ Da gac poalcib apcfna, -| 
ceann cele nDe cluana Decc an Deacmab la DO rhapra. 

TTlaoleoin ua cajimacdin corhapba commain Decc. 

GOD ua neill Do aicpijjab Id cenel neojain, i concobap ua loclamn DO 
pi jab ma iona&, -| DO ponab cpeac laip hi ccip nenDa, 17o mapb Daoine, -| 
puce buap lomoha. 

Oo beachaib cpa Gccneacdn ua Dorhnaill cijfpna cenel conaill co loin^fp 
cenel conaill ap muip laip, -| cona ploj ap cfp, ~\ po jjabpac longpopc 05 
gaoc an caippgfn, cangaccap clann oiapmaoa Don leic oile 50 pope T?oip DO 



Under this year the Annals of Kilronan 
state that Gormgal O'Quin, Dux, or Captain of 
Muintir Gillagan, was taken prisoner by the 
English, who plundered his people, and reduced 
them to great distress for want of food and rai- 
ment. They also record the erection of tkc 
Castle of Granard under this year, but without 
giving the name of the builder. The Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Innisfallen state that it 
was built by Richard Tuite, as a stronghold 
against O'Reilly in south Breifny ; and this ap- 
pears to be correct : for Granard is very close to 
the ancient dunck/ad/i, boundary wall, or ditch, 
between Breifny and Annally, extending from 
Lough Gawna to Lough Kinclare. 

Under this year also the Annals of Ulster and 
of Kilronan record the death of Rowland Mac 
Uchtry, King of the Gall-Gaels in Scotland. 

a Kyley O'Duffy, cabhla ua ouBcaij;. This 
is the prelate called Catkolicus Tuomenemis by 
Giraldus Cambrensis, in his //////'<* l-:.r/ni : iii<itn. 
lib. i. c. 34. He succeeded Edan O'Hoisin in the 
year 1161. In the year 1 1 75 he was sent to Eng- 



land, together with Laurence O'Toole, Archbi- 
shop of Dublin, and Concors, Abbot of St. Bren- 
dan's, by King Roderic O'Conor, to negotiate 
with King Henry II. ; and they waited on the 
King at Windsor, where a grand council was 
held, and a convention ratified, by which Henry 
granted to his liegeman Roderic, that as long as 
he continued to serve him faithfully he should 
be a king under him ready to do him service as 
his vassal, and that he should hold his heredi- 
tary territories as firmly and peaceably as he 
had held them before the coming of Henry into 
Ireland. Roderic was likewise to have under 
his dominion and jurisdiction all the rest of the 
island, and the inhabitants, kings and prince* 
included, and was bound to oblige them to pay 
tribute through his hands to the King of Eng- 
land, &c. See this treaty in Rymer's /'"</</<;. 
vol. i. ; and also as given in the original Latin in 
Cox's Hiiieniia A nif/icaiKi, p. '2 ( J ; and an ab- 
stract of it in Leland's History of Ireland, vol. i. 
p. 104; and in Moore's History of Ireland, vol. ii. 
p. 287. 



1900 



AXXAI.S ()F IIIK K!N<;i><.M OF IRELAND. 



123 



TIIK ACi: OF CHRIST, 1200. 
The Age of Christ, one t/iousand tuco hundrxl 

Kyley [Catholicus] O'Dufly", Archbishop of Tuam, died at an advanced age. 

Uaireirghe, son of Mulmora, the son of Uaireirghe O'Naghtan, one of the 
m>l>le sages of Clonmacnoise, a man full of the love of God, and of every 
virtue, and head of the Culdees of Clonmacnoise, died on the tenth of 
March. 

Malone O'Carmacan, Successor of St. Coman 6 , died. 

1 1 ugh O'Neill was deposed by the Kinel-Owen, and Conor O'Loughlin was 
elected in his stead. The latter plundered Tir-Enda, killed many persons, and 
drove off many cows. 

Egneghan O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, sailed with the fleet of Tircon- 
nell [thirteen vessels] by sea, and despatched his army by land, and pitched his 
camp at Gaeth-an-Chairrgin e . The Clandermot repaired to Port-Rois d on the 



In the year 1179, Cadhla, or Catholicus 
< i' Duffy, attended the .second Council of La- 
t'T.iii, together with Laurence O'Toole, Arch- 
bishop of Dublin ; Constuntine, Bishop of Kil- 
laloe ; Brictius, Bishop of Limerick ; Augustin, 
lli>hop of Waterford ; and Felix, Bishop of 
Lismore : but on their passage through Eng- 
liiml. they were obliged to take an oath that 
they would not say or do anything at the council 
]irejii<licial to King Henry or his kingdom. 
note under the year 1180, p. 51. Accord- 
ing to the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 
liillen. In- died in the Abbey of Cong, in the 
year 1201. 

b Succtsror of St. Coman, i. e. abbot of Ros- 
coramon. 

t/i-an-Chairrgin, L e. the inlet of Carri- 
pin (,'nrrigin is a village three miles to the 
MUith ni' tin- eit\ uf Limdoiuleny, on the welt 
M<le .if th, Uiver Foyle. The word jpaer, or 
ffaor, enters into the names of three other 
places in the county of Donegal, as 5^ ^P 

R 



(Gweedore), fiaor 6eapa (Gwecbarra), 
Cuacpoip (Loughros Bay), all on the western 
coast. 

d Port-Roil, i. c. the port or harbour of Rosa, 
This is not the Portrush in the parish of Bal- 
lywillin, in the county of Antrim, but Rones 
Bay, a short distance to the north of Dcrry. 
This story is very confused in the original. It 
should be told thus: "Egneghan O'Donnell, 
Lord of Tirconnell, despatched the ships of Tir- 
connell, thirteen in number, by sea, ordering 
their commanders to meet him at Gaeth-an- 
Chairrgin. He then marched the remainder of 
his forces by land, and pitched his <a&np at 
Gaeth-an-Chairrgin. As soon as the Clann-Der- 
mot, his opponents, had heard of this division of 
his forces, they marched to Port-Rois (Rosses 
Bay), to intercept the passage of the ships, and 
prevent them from joining the land forces ; but the 
crews of the thirteen ships attacked and defeated 
them. This shews how unequal they were to 
compete with the combined forces of O'Donnell. 



124 QHwata Rio^hachra eiRecmw. [1200. 



ppip an loinjfp. OD conncaoap poipne na ccpf lonj noecc baoi an 
coblac inDpin, l?o leccpfc pochaiB lace gop paoirheab pop clomn noiapmaoa. 
Uicc mace lacloinn (.1. concoBap becc mac muipcfpcaij), ma bpoipirm, ] po 
jonao a eac poo, ] po cpapccpab pomh DI, copcaip laporh la cenel cconaill 
in eneac colaim cille, a corhapba, i a pcpini po DirhijneaD pecc piam. Ctp 
cpiapan Dimiab ceona po mapbaoh TTlupcab ua cpicdin cijeapna ua ppiac- 
pach. Leanaic muincip eccneacam an mamm lapccamjnp po cuippeac dp 
ap eojanchaib ~\ ap clomn noiapmaoa. 

Sluaicceab la ITlelfp -\ la gallaib laijfn 50 cluain mic noip i ccoinne 
cacail cappaij. Ro bacap of oibce i ccluain, i aipccrfp leo an baile eicip 
cpo6 i biab, i Do coiopeao po a cfmplaib. 

Carol cpoiboeapg DO Dol ip in murhain DO paijib mic mec capcaij ~\ 
uilliam bupc. 

^eppmaiDe ua baoigellain Do rhapbao la hua nDomnaill .1. la hecc- 
neacan. 

lomaipeacc eiDip ua noorhnaill -] ua puaipc, ualjapcc, -\ concoBap na 
jlaippene ua Ruaipc. Ro rhaib pop uib bpiuin, ] po cuipeab ofpgdp a muin- 
cipe eiDip bnbab, -\ mapbaDh, i po bcncheab concobap pepin Don cup pin, occ 
leic uf maoiloopaib Do ponnpaoh po pighfoh an lomapjoil pin. 

e Murrough CPCreaghan, TTlupcaD na cpiocum. Cambrensis : " Meylerivs vero vir fuscus, oculis 

This name would be now anglicised Morgan nigris, & toruis, vultuque acerrimo. Statura; 

Creighan, or Cregan. paulo mediocri plus pusillse. Corpore tnmen 

f Hy-Fiachrach, i. e. Hy-Fiachrach . of Ard- pro quantitatis captu perualido. Pectore qua- 

straw See note under the year 1193. drato, ventreq ; substricto, brachiis cetcrisq ; 

g TAeC7-Z>en<rt,Clanrioiupmaou. These membris ossosis, plus neruositatis habentibus, 

were a tribe of the Kinel-Owen, who inhabited quam carnositatis. Miles animosus & semuhis. 

and gave name to the present parish of Clonder- Nihil vnquam abhorrcns, quod aggredi quis vd 

mot (anoiently Clandermot), on the east side of solus debeat vel comitatus. Primus in prodium 

the River Foyle, in the barony of Tirkecrin, ire: vltimus conserto proelio redire consui-tu^ : 

and couuty of Londonderry. in omni conflictu omnis strenuitatis opera M n 

h Meyler, i. e. Meyler Fitz-IIenry, natural son perire pnratus, seu prajire : adeo impatiens A 

of King Henry I., by Nesta, the mother of Mau- prajocps: vt vel vota statim, v*-l fata comph-re 

rice Fitzgerald. He was made Lord Justice of dignum Jucat. Inter mortis & Martis triumphos, 

Ireland in the year 1 199 __ See Harris's Ware, nil medium ponens: adeo laudis cupidus & glo- 

voL ii. p. 102; and Cox's Hibernia *An</licana, IIK, quod si viuendo forte nou valeat: vinci-n- 

p. 46. His personal form and character are de- velit vel moriendo. Viritaq; fuisset cuniuliit:i 

scribed as follows by his cotemporary, Giruldtis laude dignus vterque, si ambitione postlml.it . 



1200.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND 125 

other side, to attack the fleet: when the crews of the thirteen vessels percciv.-d 
their intentions, they attacked and defeated the Clann-Dermot Mac Loughlin 
(Conor Beg, son of Murtough) came to their assistance; but his horse was 
wounded under him, and he himself was dismounted. He was afterwards slain 
by t!,< Kincl-Connell, in revenge of Columbkille, his coarb and shrine, that he 
had violated some time before. And it was for the same violation that Mur- 
rough O'Crcaghan', Lord of Hy-Fiachrach f , was killed. Egneghan's troops 
followed up the route, and slaughtered the Kinel-Owen and the Clann-Dermot 1 . 

Meyler", and the English of Leinster, marched to Clonmacnoise against 
Cathal Carragh (O'Conor), where they remained two nights: they plundered 
the town of its cattle and provisions, and attacked its churches. 

Cathal Crovderg O'Conor went into Munster, to the son of Mac Carthy and 
William Burke [to solicit their aid]. 

Gerrmaide O'Boylan' was slain by O'Donnell (Egneghan). 

A battle was fought between O'Donnell [on the one side], and O'Rourke 
(Ualgarg) and Conor na-Glaisfene O'Rourke [on the other]. The Hy-Briuin 
(O'Rourkes) were defeated, and their men dreadfully cut off, both by drowning 
and killing. Conor himself was drowned on this occasion. This battle was 
fought at Leckymuldory k . 

Christi Ecclesiam dcbita dcuotione venerantes, ' O'Boylan, ua baoieall6in The O'Boylann 

antiqua & autentica eiusdem iura non tantum were chiefs of the territory of Dartry-Coininsi, 

illihata conseruassent : Quinimo tarn nous, tarn- now the barony of Dartry, in the county of Mo- 

I'.ii' crueutse conquisitionis (plurima quippe naghan. O'Dugan calls them the blue-eyed, 

aanguinis effusionc, Christiantcq ; gentis inter- white-handed, red-lipped host, the griffins of 

rinptione focdata 1 ) partem placabilem Deoq ; splendid horses, and the bold kings of Dartry. 
placentem, laudabili largitione contulissent Ve- * LcctymuUory, leoc ui thaoileopaib, i. .. 

rumtaraen quod mage stupendum est, amplioriq; O'Muldory's flag-stone, or flat surfaced rock. 

dolore dolendum: postrcmum hoc vitium toti The Editor, after a minute examination of the 

inilitise nostnc a prime adventu, vsque in topographical names in O'Muldory's country, 

hodiernum constat commune fuisse." Hibernia has come to the conclusion that tliii u the re- 

Kfji : iHiita, lib. ii. c. x. This Meyler was the markable flat surfaced rock called the loc, 

fouii.lor of the abbvy of Great Conncll, in the under the cataract at Bellicc, now Bclleek. n 

omnty of Kildare, in which he was buried in the RiTer Erne, about two miles to the east of 

th.- j-L-ar 1220. See Archdall's Monasticon, at Ballyshannon. Se it described in the note* 

GroatCuim.il. county of Kildare, where there under the -years 1409, 1522. Hy-Briuin. 

arc some curious notices of this "Tameless Hy-Briuin Breifne, was the tribe name of the 

tauuT of the Irish all." O'Rourkes and their correlatives. 



Rio^hachca eiReaww. [1201. 

Oonnchab uaicneach mac Ruaibpi uf Concobaip Do mapb'ab la jjallaib 
luimnij. 

tTlachjamain mac pollapacpaicc uf chiappoa Do mapb'ab la ^allaiVi 
cluana lopaipo. 

Cluain lopaipD DO lopccab Dua ciapba Do pojail pop na jjallaib barap 
innce. 

Cpeach la cacal cpoib'Deapj i TTlumain gup po loipj; caiplen uf conaing, 
-] mapgab luimnij, ~\ caiplen uilcin, -\ cue uilcfn cona rhnaoi illaim laip lap 
niapb'ab DI pmepe Decc, -] lolap Daome cenmochac. 

piacpa ua plainn caoipeac j^il ITIhaoilpuam DO ecc. 

Cachal cappac Do jabail Rige connacc, "] cacal cpoibDeap^ Do lonnap- 
baD Do i milcaib 50 paimg co ceaj ui Gijnij cijeapna peapmanac, -\ aipibe 
Do pai^ib lohn Do cuipc gup po naibm a cupa ppip. 

Q013 CR1OSO, 1201. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da cheD, a haon. 

Comalcach ua concobaip comopba paccpaicc, -\ Ppfomaib na hGpeann 
Decc. 

Conn ua meallaij eppcop eanaij Duin, jfm jlomibe ecclapcacba Decc. 

lohannep De monce celion capDmdl comopba peacaip Do cocc 6 Roim 
co hepmo. Sfnab mop DO ceaglamab ma bail co hoc cliac eiDip eppcopaib, 

1 To injure the English, opojail pop na jal- of the affairs of Munster, of which the Four 

laiB, i.e., not for the sake of destroying the Masters have collected no account :" A. 1). 1 200. 

monastery, but to take revenge of the English ; A great army was mustered by William De 

or rather, lie ran the risk of committing sacri- Burgo, and all the English of Munster, joinud 

lege to wreak his vengeance on the English. by Murtough Finn, Conor Roe, and Donough 

m Besides tliem, centnocuc. This phrase is Cairbreach, the three sons of Donnell More 
very generally used throughout these Annals, OBrien; and they marched through Munster 
though it has little or no meaning, and might to Cork. They encamped for a week at Kin- 
be left untranslated throughout. neigh, where Auliife More O'Donovan, King of 

a Banished into Ulster This is a repetition, Cairbre Aodhu, and Mac Costello were sluin. 

for it is mentioned under the last year. Then came Mahon O'Heney, the Pope's Legate, 

Under this year the Dublin copy of the An- and the bishops of Munster, and made peace 

nals of Innisfallen contain the following notice between the O'Briens [on the one side] and thu 



1201.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRKLAND. |-_>7 

Donough Uaithneach, the son of Roderic O'Conor, was slain by the English 
of Limerick. 

M.-iljon, the son of Gilla Patrick-O'Keary, was slain by the English <>!' 
Clonard. 

Clonard was burned by O'Keary, to injure the English 1 who were in it. 

( 'n t hal Crovderg O'Conor made a predatory incursion into Munster, and 
plundered Cnstleconning [Castleconnel], the market of Limerick, and Castle- 
\Vilkin ; and led Wilkin and his wife away captives, after having killed thirteen 
knights, and many other persons besides them". * 

Fiachra O'Flynn, Chief of Sil-Mailruana, died. 

Cathal Carragh assumed the government of Connaught, and Cathal Crovderg 
was banished by him into Ulster". He arrived at the house of O'Hegny, Lord 
of Fermanagh, and went from thence to John de Courcy, with whom lie 
formed a league of amity 6 . 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1201. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred one. 

Tomaltagh O'Conor, successor of St. Patrick, and Primate of Ireland, died. 

Conn O'Melly, Bishop of Annaghdown, a transparently bright gem of the 
Church, died. 

Johannes de Monte Celion, the Pope's Legate, came to Ireland, and con- 
voked a great synod of the bishops, abbots, and every other order in the Church. 

Mac Carthys, O'Donohoes, and the rest of the [Mortogh Fionn O'Brien] marched at the head 

Eugenians" [on the other]. of the Dal-Cassians, his brothers, Connor Ruadh 

In a marginal note is the following observation and Donough Cairbreach, serving an officers un- 

in Latin: "O'Donovan, Rex Carbriae Aodha; der him, against the Eugcniang, whom he greatly 

nnin ub anno 1178 relagatus erat O'Donovan ex harassed, and slew Auliff O'Donovan, chief of 

ditiune sua de Cairbre Aodhbha in regione Li- that family, with many others of sin Kuir>-niaii 

iiiiriiviisi in (x-ciilentalem partem regionis Cor- nobility. After which a peace was conclu<li-<l 

cagiensis. Vid. supra ad istuin annum." The between him and Donall Mor Mac Carthy, gur- 

substance of this passage is thus given by Dr. named na Curadh, King of Desmond, by the 

O'Brien, in ln> History of the House of O'lirien, mediation of Mahon O'Hcney, Archbishop of 

|ni'n!is|,,.,l by Vallancey, in the first volume of Cashel, who was the Pope's Legate in Ireland at 

his Collectanea de Rebut Hibernian, under tin- that time." See note under the year I'J.'il. 
titl.- of Law of Tanistry. "A. D. 1200. He 



-] abbabaib, 1 jac spab eccailpi,"] pochaibe DO paopclanoaib Gpeann imaille 
ppiu. Ro opDaijpCo mjiorh a ccamgne uile lap na ccoip eiccip ecclaip -] 
cuair. 

Senab cor.Dacc (immon caipDinal ceona) laochaib, cleipchib occ ar 
luain hi cmo coicnbipi laporh, i po anopfr a ccaingne peb poba cecca. 

Niall ua ploinn DO rhapbab la jallaib ulab i meabail. 

TTlajnup mac Diapmaoa uf laclamn Do rhapbab la muipceapcac ua nell, 
1 muipceapcac DO mapbab ma cionaib. 

Concobap mac muipjfpa uf eDin oecc. 

Cabg ua bpaoin ojeapna luijne mibe Decc. 

TTluipeabac mac neill mic an cpionnaij ui carapnaij Decc. 

TTiupchab ua TllaDabdm lee coipec pil nanmcaba DO juin ma cfnn DO 
poijic i a ecc cpemic. 

Sluaijeab la cacal cpoiboeapg, ] la huilliam bupc cona pocpaioe jail -j 
hi cconnaccaib o ca lummeac 50 cuaim Da ualann, aippibe 50 



slain by Teige mac Connor Mocnmoye there ; 
also Cahall Carragh O'Connor, King of Con- 
naught, came in view of the said forces to a place 
called Gurthin Cowle Lwachra, and from thence 
he went to the skirmish between his forces and 
them, who finding his people discomfited, and 
put to flight, was killed himself, by the miracles 
of St. Quairan, together with Kollye mac Der- 
mott O'Moylerwayne, and many others. 

" Cathal Crovdearge and William Burk, after 
committing these great slaughters, went with 
their forces to Moyuoye and Moylorge, over 
Donleoy into Moynemoye, from tlieuce to West 
Connought, until they came to Cowyuge of St. 
Ftehiue, v.-here they kept their Easter. At 
that time William Burke, and the soune of 
O'Flathvertye, privily consulted and conspired 
together to kill Caluill Crovederge O'Connor, 
which God prevented, for they were by great 
oaths sworn to each other before, which whoso- 
ever wuu'd breake wits to be excommunicated 
with booke, bell, imd candle. 

\Villium Burk sent his forces to distrain for 



' Lune, luipie This was a territory of con- 
siderable extent in ancient Meath ; and its name 
is still preserved as that of a barony, anglicised 
Lune, and now corruptly pronounced in Irish 
luiBne ; but the ancient territory of Luighne was 
much more extensive than the modern barony, 
for we learn, from the Tripartite Life of St. Pa- 
trick, that Domhnach mor Muighe Echnach, now 
Donaghmore, near Navan, was situated in it. 

q Forr.es The account of the death of Ca thai 
Carragh, and of the actions of William Fitz- 
Adelrn De Burgo, is given as follows in the Annals 
ot' Clonmacnoise, as translated by Macgeogheguu : 
"A. D. 1201. Cahall Crovedearg and William 
liurk, with all their forces of English and Irish- 
men, came to Couun light, pass'd from Limbrick 
to Twayuie, from thence to Owran, from thencu 
to Alfyn, from thence to the Carrick of Loghke, 
from thence to the Abbey of Athdalaragh, 
where the chambers and rooines of that ablx-y 
were the lodgings of the ariuie. Cahall mac 
Connor O'Deruiott went to prey the lands of 
iMuc Dcruiott" [recte Hy-Diarmada], "and wii* 



laoi.j 



ANNALS OF TIIK KlXCDo.M OF IRELAND. 



121) 



at Dublin, nt which also many of the nobles of Ireland were present. By this 
synod many proper ordinances, for the regulation of the Church and the State, 
were enacted. 

A fortnight afterwards the same Legate called a meeting of the clergy and 
laity of Connaught at Athlone, at wliich meeting many excellent ordinances 
WITC established. 

Niall OTlynn [O'Lynn] was treacherously slain by the English of Ulidia. 

Manus, the son of Dermot O'Loughlin, was slain by Murtough O'Neill; and 
Murtough was killed in revenge of him. 

Conor, the son of Maurice O'Heyne, died. 

Teige O'Breen, Lord of Lune p , in Meath, died. 

Murray, son of Niall, who was son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) O'Caharny, died. 

Murrough O'Madden, Chief of half Sil-Anmchadh, was wounded in the 
head by an arrow, and died of the wound. 

Cathal Crovderg and William Burke, at the head of their English and Irish 
forces", marched from Limerick, through Connaught, to Tuam, and proceeded 



his pays and wages throughout Connought, who 
wiTf soone cut off, for six or seven hundred of 
tin in were soone after slain. William Burk 
afterwards repaired to Limbrick, and Cahall 
Crovederge tooke upon him the name of King 
of Connought again." 

The Annals of Kilronan, which may be con- 
sidered the chronicle of the district, contain a 
much fuller account of the battles between these 
two rivals of the house of O'Conor. The account 
of the profanation of the abbey of Boyle, and of 
the il.-uth of Cathal Carragh, is given as follows, 
under the year 1 202 : " A great army was led into 
Continuant by C'utlutl I'rovderg, joined by Wil- 
li:uii Hurkr, the sons of Donnell O'Brien, viz., 
Murtough and Conor lioe, and by Fineen Mac 
Cartliy. They marched to the monastery of 
Ath-dalarac, on the River Boyle, and took up 
their quarters in it ; und they remained there for 
three days, during which time they profaned 
nnd defiled the whole monastery; and such was 



the extent of the profanation that the archers of 
the army had women in the hospital of the 
monks, in the houses of the cloister, and in 
every apartment throughout the whole monas- 
tery; and they left nothing in the monastery 
without breaking or burning, except the roofs 
of the houses only, and even of these they 
broke and burned many. They left no part of 
the monastery to the monks excepting only 
the dormitory and the house of the novices. On 
this occasion William Burke commenced the 
erection of a cashel [or circular wall] around 
the great house of the guests, on which he be- 
stowed two days' work. On the third day after 
the commencement of this wall, Cathal Carragh, 
King of Connaught, was killed by the English, 
as were also Dermot, son of Gilchreest, son of 
Dermot, who was son of Teige O'Mulrony, and 
TomalUgh, son of Taichleach O'Dowda, and 
many others. They then departed from the mo- 
nastery, after which William Burk dismissed 



130 QNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNR [1201 

huajidn 50 hoilpinn 50 cappaic loca ce, 50 mamipcip aca Da loayij, i apian 
cije na mamipcpe pobcap boca longpuipc Ooib. Oo coiD Din cacal mac 
DiapmaDa pop cpec in uiV> DiapmaDa. 

ftucc caDj mac concobaip maonmaijje paip. l?o pijea6 eapgal eacoppa, 
1 copcaip cacal. 

Dala cacail cappaij pij connachc cionolaiD piDe a pocpame, -\ camic 
Do poijiD an cploij 50 piacc juipcin cuil luacpa hi ccompocpaib Don 
rhamipcip. bacap parhlaib ucc pe hucc co cfnn peccrhaine, ~[ DeabaiD gac 
laoi fcoppa. Hi popcfnn na pee hipin Do DeachaiD cacal cappac Do Deccpn 
na Deabra. Spamceap ppurrhaiDm Dia muinnp ma cfnn, "] caipceap epfm 
ina ccpecommapcc, i po mapbaD e, ba cpia piopcaib De ) ciapdin mopin. 
T?o mapbaD beop an collaiD mac DiapmaDa uf maoilpuanaiD Don DeabaiD 
pin i maille pe pochaibib ele. CUID cacal cpoiboeapj -\ uilliam bupc cona 
plojaib ap a haicle i muij luipcc, i muij naoi, aippiDe co hiapcap connacc. 
Pangaccap conja peicin, i ap innce Do ponpac an caipcc. CiD cpa, ace po 
cojpab la huilliam bupc, -\ la cloinn Ruaibpi uf plaicbfpcai^ peall Do 
Denam pop cacal cpoiboeapj, ~\ po paop Dia e Don cup pin cpia pldnaD na 

the sons of O'Brien and Mac Carthy and their dred, vel amplius. When ^"illiam Burke had 

forces. The resolution to which Cathal Crov- heard of the killing of his people he sent tor 

derg and William Burke then came, was to O'Conor. A forewarning of his intention rwirh- 

despatch their archers throughout Connaught ing O'Conor, he shunned the place where William 

to distrain for their wages, and William Burke was. William then set out for Munster, having 

and his attendants, and Cathal Crovderg, re- "lost the greater part of his people." 

paired to Cong. Then a miraculous report was r Oran, uapan, now Oran A well-known 

bruited abroad, and it is not known whether it place, containing the ruins of a church and round 

proceeded from a man, or from the spirit of God tower, in the barony of Ballymoe, and county of 

in the shape of a man, namely, that William Roscommon See Trias Thaum., p. 13G, where 

Burke was killed! There was not a way or road the name is thus explained : " Huaran enini sire 

in Connaught through which this report had fuaran idem Hibernis sonat quod fons vivus, 

not passed. On hearing this news a resolution sive viva vel frigida aqua e terra scaturk-ns." 

was adopted by the tribes of Connaught, as una- See also the year 1556, at which mention is made 

nimously as if they had all met in council for the of Gillacoluinb O'Clabby, Coarb of St. Patrick, at. 

purpose, and this was, that each person should this place. The place is still called Uupan Lli 

kill his guest [i. e. the soldier liillftal <m him]. _ Chlabttijj, and "Patrons" are yet held tli.'iv 

This was done: each tribe killed the number annually on St. Patrick's day (17th March), 

billeted among them, and their loss, according and on the last Sunday in July, called Garland 

to the report of their own people, was nine hun- Sunday. Not many years ago the senior at' the 



121)1.] \\NALSOF THK KINdDnM OF IHKI.ANI) ];\\ 

from th< v.x.v/n/y to Onm r . ID Klphin, to the Rook <>!' Lnudi Key, and to 

thf niniiiisU'ry of Ath-dii-Loiiri.' < B.>yle); and the houses of the monastery 

. r<l them as military <|uart-Ts. 

At this time Cathal Mac Dermot went on a predatory excursion into Hy- 
Diannada': Teige, the son of Conor Moinmoy, overtook him, and a battle was 
f.iuirhi Ix-turni ihein, in which Cathal [Mac Dermot] was slain. 

A- to Cathal Carragh, King of Coiiiisiiiirht, he assembled his forces, and 
n lurched against this army, and arrived atGuirtin Cuil luachra', in the vicinity 
ol' the monastery. They remained confronting each other for a week, during 
which daily skirmishes took place between them. At the end of this time 
( at hal Carragh went forth to view a contest ; but a body of his people being vio- 
lently driven towards him, he became involved in the crowd, and was killed. 
This happened through the miracles of God and St. Kieran. Ancolly, the 
eon of Dermot O'Mulrony, and many others, were also killed in this battle. 
After this Cathal Crovderg and William Burke passed with their forces 
through Moylurg and Moy-Nai, and thence through West Connaught, and 
arrived at Cong, where they spent the Easter. William Burke and the sons 
of Rory O'Flaherty, however, conspired to deal treacherously by Cathal Crov- 
derg, but God protected him on this occasion from their designs, through the 
iruarantee of the ecclesiastical witnesses to their league of mutual fidelity. 

OVlabbys used to appear at the Patront, and which the pilgrims kneel. Traces of the foun- 

jH>iiit i nit tn the people the extent of the Termon* datious of other buildings are also observable in 

liiii'ls possessed by his ancestors, on which occa- the field adjoining the church, which shew the 

si. m the people were accustomed to make a col- ancient importance of the place. 

a for his support. The O'Clabbys, now Hy-Diarmada This was the tribe name of 

Clabbys, are numerous in the couuty, but have the family of O'Concannon, in the county of 

n 'turned no property in this Termon. Galway. The chief of the name had his seat, in 

.in .all.-, thi* irlmrch nokiliMtnw ecdttia 1585. at Kiltullagh, in the county of Galway. 

./. llii'ifiiit, but little of its magnificence, how- See Tribet and Cuttonu oflly-Many, printed for 

t |iivTMt. there being at the place the Irish Ardueological Society in 184.'l. p. l!i 

but a mere fragment of the ruins of the church. The Hy-Diarmada are to be distinguished from 

uii.l the base of its cLx/at, or round tower, mea- thcClann-Diarmada, who were at Dun Doighre, 

suring about fifteen feet in height. The uaran, now Duniry, in the barony of Lei trim, in the 

i>r spring, from which the place derives its name, county of Galway. 

il accounted a Luly well, and frequented by -rtin Cuil luaclira, L e. the little field of 

pilgrims. It iuu> a small stone cross over it before the rushy corner or angle. This name is now ob- 

s2 



132 aNwac-a Rio^hachca emecmN. [1202. 

heaccailpe baoi eacoppa im bflpi ppi apoile. Uanjaoap muincip uilliam 
bupc lapDcam Do cobac a ccuapapDail pop connaccaib, lingic connaccai 
poppap orh, 1 mapbair 700. Dib. Soaip uilliam co luimneac mp pin -\ gabair 
cacal cpoibDeaps pije 061516 connacc. 

Sloigheab la hnaljapcc ua Ruaipc Do bul i ccenel cconaill, -| ap poch- 
cam Doib ipm ccpich Rugpac bu 1 jabdla. Rug ua Domnaill eccneachdn 
poppa occ leic ui maoiloopaib. peachap pcamoeap fcoppa 50 paeimen 
pop uib bpiuin cona pocpaiDe, -\ po laab a noeapjdp eicip rhapbab ~\ babab. 
6a Don cup pin po baibeab concobap na jlaippene. 

Cenel neojain t>o cochc pop cpeich naile i ccenel conuill ipm 16 cfcna. 
Oo pala fcappa -| ua oorhnaill jup po ppaomeab pop cenel neojhain -| po 
mapbab ^eapprhaioi ua baoijeallam co pochaibib aile Do chenel neojham i 
niaille ppip. 

Uijfpnan mac Dorhnaill mic carail ui Ruaipc Do mapbab la mag piac- 
pac -| la cloinn chachail, -\ an ceojanac mag piacpac DO rhapbab ap an 
lacai p pin. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1202. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceD, aDo. 

TTIuipcfpcac ua capmacam eppcop cluara pfpcu bpenamn DO ecc. 

TTlaolcolaimm ua bponam aipomoeac copaije Decc. 

Dorhnall ua bpolcdin ppioip -\ uapal peanoip, Saof Deappcaijce ap ceill, 
ap cpuc, ap belb, ap mine, ap rhopbacc, ap cpabab, i ap eagna 065 lap 
nDeijbfchaib an peaccmab Id picfc Qppil. 

solete, for the oldest men in the parish of Boyle of, or devoted to, St. Columba. This name is 

never heard of it. made Malcolm in Scotland. 

u (yCarmacan, O Canmacam, now anglicised x Of Tory, Copaije, and sometimes calk-d 
Gormican. The family of this name were seated Coip-inip, i. e. the island of the tower. It is an 
in the parish of Abbey- Gormican, in the north- island off the nortli coast of the county of Done- 
west of the barony of Longford, in the county gal, where St. Columbkille is said to have erected 
of Gal way, which parish derived its name from a monastery and cloiytheach, or round tower 

a monastery founded by a chief of this tribe, belfry, in the sixth century See O'Donnell's 

The name is written O'Gormagan in the Galway Life of Columba, lib. i. c. 73, lib. ii. c. 20, and 

Inquisitions. Calendar of the O'Clerys, at 9th June. For the 

" Maelcolum, TTlaolcolaimm, i. e. the servant early history of this island the reader is referred 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKLAND. j; 

The people of Willimn Burke afterwards went to demand their wages from 
the Connacians ; but the Connacians rushed upon them, and killed seven hun- 
dred of tlK'in. William then returned to Limerick, and Cathal Crovderg as- 
sumed the regal sway of Connaught. 

Ualgarg O'Rourke mustered an army, and marched into Tirconnell. On 
their arrival in the country, they seized upon a number of cows and other pro- 
perty. O'Donnell (Egneghan) overtook them at Leck-I-Muldory, where a 
battle was fought between them, in which the Hy-Briuin (O'Rourkes) and their 
army were defeated and cut off with terrible liavoc, both by killing and drown- 
ing. It was on this occasion that Conor" na-Glais-fene (O'Rourke) was drowned. 

On the same day the Kinel-Owen made another predatory incursion into 
Tirconiu'll; and a conflict took place between them and O'Donnell, in which 
the Kinel-Owen were defeated, and Gearrmaidi O'Boylan and many others of 
the Kinel-Owen were slain along with him. 

Tiernan, the son of Donnell, who was the son of Cathal O'Rourke, was 
slain by Mag-Fiachrach and the Clann-Cahill ; but Mag-Fiachrach, surnanuat 
Eoganach [i. e. the Tyronian] was killed on the same spot 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1202. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred two. 

Murtough O'Carmacan", Bishop of Clonfert-Brendan, died. 
Maelcolum" O'Bronan, Erenagh of Tory* (island), died 
Donnell O'Brollaghan, a prior, a noble senior, a sage illustrious for his in- 
telligence, personal form, and comeliness, and for his mildness, magnanimity, 
piety, and wisdom, after having spent a good life', died on the twenty-seventh 
of April. 

to Keating's History of Ireland, Haliday's Edi- the most distinguished aint of this inland next 

lion, pp. 122, 180, 182; and O'Flaherty's Ogyyia, after St. Columbkille. 

part iii. c. 7. See also Battle of Mayk Rath, ' A good life. Thus expwwed in Latin, in 

printed for the Irish Archsjological Society in the Annals of Ulster: " DomnaH k Ua Brolclta,*, 

1-12, p. 106, note *. A St. Ernan, son of Col- Prior, SfC. fa po* magnam tribulatione* ft 

man, son of Maen, son of Muireadhnch, who was optimam peniteneiam in quinta Kalrm/at 

son of Eoghan, ancestor of the Kinel-Owen, was uitam finiuit." 



134 ciNNCita Rio^hachca eiReawN. [12:>3. 

ITlaolpinnem mac colmdin peanoip co^aioe -\ conn cpaiboec ua planna- 
5din 065. 

Dorhnall cappac uo oocapcaij; (.1. pio raoipeac dpDa miobaip) DO rhap- 
bab la mumcip baoijipll lap napjain ceall -[ cuac momba. 

Concobap puab mac Domnaill uf bpiain Do mapbab la a Deapbpacaip pfm 
-] la muipcfpcac mac Domnaill mic coippbealbaij uf bpiain. 

Coippbealbac mac Ruaibpt uf concobaip Do elub a jeirheal, 1 cacal 
cpoiboeapg &o benam pioba ppip, ~\ pepann Do cabaipc Do. Coippbealbac 
Kipom DO lonnapbab Id cacal i pfb DO Denorh pip po ceDoip cpia impibe na 
ngall. 

Dorhnall mac muipcfpcaij uf maoileachlamn DO ecc. 

Diapmaicc mac aipc uf maoileachloinn DO rhapbab la mac lochlamn ui 
concobaip. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1203. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, DO ceD, acpf. 

Qn ceppcop mac 5iolla ceallaij f puaibin eppcop cille mic Duach DO ecc. 

Ooipe colaim cille Do lopccab o ca pelecc TTlapcain co cioppaic abam- 
nain. 

maimpcip Do benarh lot ceallac ap lap cpoi la gan nach Dlijeb cap 
papuccab mumcipi la pobern, 1 po mill an baile co mop. Cleipij an cuaip- 
cipc Do cionol co haofn lonab Do bul 50 hf .1. plopenc ua cfpballan eppcop 
cipe heojain, TTlaoliopa ua Dopij eppcop cipe conaill, i abb pecclepa poil 
1 peaDaip in apDmaca, amaljaib ua pepjail abb pecclepa Doipe, -| ainmipe 
ua cobcaij, ~| oporij mop Do mumcip Doipe, -\ pochaibe DO cleipcib an 
cuaipcipc jenmofaicpfbe. CiagaiD mporh co hf, ~\ pcaoilceap leo an mainip- 

1 O'Boyke, muinop Baoijill According to 1284 and 1343. 

O'Dugau's topographical poem, the O'Boyles * At once, po cd&oip .1. po ceo uaip This 

were chiefs of Cloch Chinnfhaolaidh, now Clo- adverbial expression, which occurs so frequrntly 

ghineely, in the north-west of the barony of throughout these Annals, signifies at once, vitlt- 

Kilmucrennan, and of Tir Ainmire, now the ba- out delay, sine mora. 

rony cf Boylagh, and Tir Bughaine, now Ban- b Avley, Qihal^aib. This name, which ha* 

nagh barony, in the west of Tirconnull, now the been anglicised Awli;y throughout this transla- 

county of Donegal See notes under the years tion, existed among the Irish from a remote pe- 



ANNAI.S ()K T1IK KINGDOM OK IliKI.AXD I!}.-, 

Muellincn Mac Column, a \vnerable senior, and Conn Craibhdheacli ( t he- 
Pious) < (Tlanau'un, died. 

Donnell Carragh O'Doherty, Royal Chieftain of Ardinire, was slain ly tin- 
O'BoyK's", after he had plundered many churches and tcrritori 

Conor Roc, tin- son of Uonm-ll O'Brien, was slain by his own brother 
Murtonj, r li, son of Donnell, who was son of Turlough O'Brien 

Tnrlniurh, the son of Roderic O'Conor, escaped from continement; and 
Cailial C ro vi 1 erg made peace with him, and gave him land He atu r\\ 
expelled him, but,at the intercession of the English, made peace with him at once*. 

Donnell, the son of Murtough O'Melaghlin, died. 

Dei-mot, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, was slain by the son of Loughlin 
O'Conor. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1203. 
The Aye of Christ, one thousand two hundred three. 

The son of (Jillakelly O'Ruaidhin, Bishop of Kilmacduagh, died. 

Derry-Columbkille was burned, from the cemetery of St. Martin to the 
\\ I'll of St. Adamnau. 

A monastery was erected by Kellagh without any legal right, and in despite 
of the family of lona, in the middle of lona, and did considerable damage to 
tin- town. The clergy of the north of Ireland assembled together to pass o\ . -i 
into lona, namely, Florence O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone [i. r. >f Deny]; 
Maelisa O'Deery, Bishop of Tirconnell [Raphoe], and Abbot of the church <> 
SS. Peter and Paul at Armagh ; Awley" O'Fergahail, Abbot of the regies of Derry; 
Ainmire O'CofTey; with many of the family [clergy] of Derry, besides numl 
of the clergy of the north of Ireland. They passed over into lona; and, in 
accordance with the law of the Church, they pulled down the aforesaid monus- 

rio<l of their history. It is to be distinguished written O F'P*' 1 - '* WM tha niune of ''"' 

fruni QriiluoiB, which they derived from tht-ir hrntliury Kri^naghs of Kilmcrenn, by whimi 

connexion witli thu Danes, and which has been the O'Donnell* were inaugurated. It i* now 

.inirli. i-. .1 Aulitle in this translation. This lat- pronounced as if written O'^pi^il. )>y a meto- 

tur is identical with the Danish Awlaff, Anlaff, thesis or transposition of letters, not unusual in 

Olaf, andOle. The surname O'Ferghail was, and marty words in the modern Irish, and always 

i~ still, vrry common in Tirconnell, but usually iingliri-'-'l Fie.-l, without the prefix < >'. 



136 



[1203. 



ap pemepepcmap DO peip blijeb na heccailpi, -\ po hoipDneb an carhalgaib 
perhpdice in abbaine la cpia coja jail -\ jaoibeal. 

Oiapmaicc mac muipcepcaij uf loclamn co nopuing Do jallaili Do 6ul 
ap cpec hi ccfp neogain, -\ po aipjpfc Scpm colaim cille, -\ pugpac Dpeam 
DO cenel eojain oppa, ~\ ppaomrep leo pop biapmaicc co na jallaib, i po map- 
bab OiapmaiD pfipin cpia ihiopbailib na Scpine. 

Sloijeab la mac hujo oe laci co nopuing DO 5allaib mibe i nulcaib co po 
Diocuipfb lohn Do cmpc a hulcoib lap ccop cara fcuppa i noun Da Ifcjlap, 
in po mapbhaoh pochaibe. 

TTluipcepcac cerbac mac concobaip maonrhaije mic Ruaibpi uf concobaip 
DO mapbab la Diapmaio mac TCuaibpi ~\ la haob mac Ruaibpi .1. Da Deapbpd- 
caip a acap pen ap paichce cille mic ouach. 

TTlaibm pia nDomnall mac meg capcaij -j pia nDfpmumain pop jallaib 
DU hi ccopcpacop peapccarc ap ceo no nf ap mile. 

paolan mac paolam cijfpna ua ppaolam Do ecc i mamipcip Congalaij. 



c Galls, L e. the northmen or inhabitants of 
Scotland who were not of the Gaelic or Scotic race. 

d This passage is translated by Colgan as fol- 
lows: "A. D. 1203. Kellachus extruxit Monas- 
terium in Insula Hiensi, contra ius & aequitatem 
reniteutibus loci seuioribus. Quo facto audito 
Clerus Aquilonaris Hibernise indicit publicuni 
conuentum ; ad quern Florentius O'Kervailan- 
Episcopus Tironia;, Moelia O'Dorigh Episcopus 
Tirconallise, & Abbas Monastery SS. Petri & Pauli 
Ardmachae ; Amalgadius Hua Fergail, Abbas 
Dorensis, Anmirius O Cobhthaich, & multi alij 
de Clero convenerunt. Et posted omnes profecti 
sunt ad Insukm Hiensem, & Monasterium jam 
memoratum a Kellacho ibi extructum, destrux- 
erunt: & prsedictum Amalgadium, communibus 
suffragiis electum, Hieusi Monasterio prasfici- 
unt." Trias T/taum., p. 501. 

e Screen-ColumbkiUe, Scpin Colaim cille 

This is not the shrine of Columbkille in Ardma- 
gilligan, as assumed by Archdall and Sampson, 
but the present old church of Ballynascreen, in 
the barony of Loughinsholin. This Colgan 



clearly shews in Trias Thaum^ p. 494, col. 2 : 
" Hie locus est Dioccesis Dorensis jacens in valle 
de Gleann Conncadhain, unde diversus ab alio 
cognomine loco ejusdem Diocesis." The valley 
of Gleann Concadhain here mentioned by Col- 
gan still retains its name, which is correctly an- 
glicised Glenconkeyne in the Ulster Inquisitions, 
and other Anglo-Irish official documents. It is 
a wide and beautiful valley in the west of the 
barony of Loughinsholin, and county of London- 
derry, bounded on the south by the remarkable 
mountain of Sliabh Callain, Anglice Slieve Gal- 
lion, and on the north by the Dungiven and 
Banngher mountains. According to the tradi- 
tion of the country, which is corroborated by 
written documents, this district, which was the 
patrimonial inheritance of O'llenery, comprised 
the parishes of Ballynascreen, Kilcronaghan, and 
Desertmartin. 

There is a remarkable esker, or long hill, to 
the south of the old church of Bally nascm.-n, in 
the west of this district, called Kisgir Mliic Loch- 
hiinn, which tradition points out as the site of a 



1208.] 



ANNALS OF THK KINMM'.M < >F III! 



1:57 



ti-iy; ami ilic aforesaid Awley was i-Icrted Abbot of lona by the suffrages of 
the Galls 6 and Gaels". 

Dermot, the son of Murtough O'Loughlin, went on a predatory excursion 
into Tyrone, and plundered the Screen-Columbkille'. He was encountered, 
however, by a party of the Kinel-Owen, who defeated Dermot and his English; 
and Dermot himself was killed through the miracles of the Shrine. 

An army was led by the son of Hugo de Lacy and a party of the English 
< >f Meath into Ulidia ; and they banished John de Courcy from thence, after 
they had defeated him in a battle fought at Dundaleathglas (Downpatrick), in 
which many had been slain. 

Murtough the Teffian, son of Conor Moinmoy, who was the son of Roderic 
( )'( 'onor, was slain by Dermot, the son of Roderic, and Hugh, the son of 
Roderic, namely, by his own two paternal uncles, on the green of Kilmacduagh. 

A victory was gained by Donnell, the son of Mac Carthy, and the people of 
Desmond, over the English ; in the conflict one hundred and sixty persons, or 
more, were slain. 

Faelan Mac Faelan f , Lord of Ily-Faelain 1 , died in the monastery of Connell*. 



great battle fought between the two rival chiefs. 
O'Neill and Mac Loughlin, in which the latter 
was defeated and slain, and there can be little, 
if any, doubt that this tradition alludes to this 
Dermot O'Loughlin. See note at 1526. 

f Muc Faelan He is called Mackelan in the 

^ 

work attrilmtiHl to Maurice Regan SeeHarris's 
Ware, vol. ii. pp. 192, 193. 

' Hy-Fadain. This was the name of the tribe 
and territory of the O'Byrnes. Before the Eng- 
lish invasion, their country comprised the pre- 
sent baronies of Clanc and Salt, and the greater 
portion, if not the entire, of those of Ikeathy and 
Oughteranny, in the present county of Kildare, 
as appears from the Irish calendars, and otli-r 
clorumrnts, which place in this territory the 
t.>\vn of Naas, and the churches of Claenadh, 
now Clanc; Lai th reach Briuin, now Laragh- 
brine, near Maynooth ; Domhnach Mor Moighe 
Luadhat, now Uonaghmore parish ; Cluain Co- 



nairc, now Cloncurry ; and Fiodhchuillinn, now 
Feighcullen. Shortly after the English invasion, 
however, the Hy-Faelain, or O'Byrnes, were 
driven from their original level territory, and 
forced to take refuge in the mountain fast- 
nessea of Wicklow, where they dispossessed 
other minor families, and became very power- 
ful See the Feilire or Feetilogy of Aengu*, 

and Calendar of the O'Clerys, at 18th May, 8th 
June, 8th August, 2nd and 16th September, 
and 27th October. See also note on Hy- 
Muireadhaigh, under the year 1 180. It is quiu- 
clear, from the authorities here referred to, 
that, previous to the English invasion, the 
families of O'Tooleand O'Byrne, with their cor- 
relatives and followers, were in possession of the 
entire of the present county of Kildare, with the 
exception, perhaps, of a very small portion ad- 
joining the present county of Carlow. 

h Connell, Conj^uluifl. Now the abbey of 



138 



[1204. 



Cfnanoup Qch cpuim ~\ an opoichfcc nua DO lopccab. 
Sicpicc ceabchac ua ceallaij TTIaine DO ecc. 



QO18 CR1OSO, 1204. 
Goip CpiopD, mile, Da cheo, a cearaip. 

Sicpiucc ua Spuiehen aipchinDeac na congbala, .1. cfnn ua TTlupcele -\ 
coipeac cloinne SneDjile ap cocachr Decc lap noeij pfnoajnn, i a a&nacal 
ip in cfmpall Do ponaD leip pein. 

lohn De Cuipc inopfbac ceall, ~\ cuac Do lonnapbab la mac hujo De Ian 



Great Connell, in the county of Kildare. Ac- 
cording to Ware this abbey was founded, under 
the invocation of the B. V. Mary and St David, 
by Myler Fitz-Henry, Lord Justice of Ireland, 
in the year 1202 See Harris, Ware, vol. ii. 
p. 262. It looks strange that the chief of Hy- 
Faelain should die in this monastery the year 
after its erection. It is probable 'that, after 
being subdued, he consented to become a monk 
in the great abbey erected in his territory by 
the English conqueror. See Archdall's Monat- 
ticon. The ruins of this abbey, which was one 
of great extent and magnificence, are now almost 
totally destroyed, and nothing remains to at- 
tract the notice of the antiquary, but the figure 
of a bishop and an old Latin inscription in the 
Gothic character, which has been often published. 

' Under this year the Annals of Kilronan 
contain the following curious passage, which is 
altogether omitted by the Four Masters: 

"A. D. 1203. William Burke marched with 
the English of Munster and Meath into Con- 
naught, and erected a castle at Meelick in Sil- 
Anmchadha, and where he erected it was around 
the great church of the town, which was filled 
all round with stones and clay to the tops of 
the gables ; and they destroyed West Connaught, 
both churches and territories." The erection 
of this castle is also given in the Annals of Clon- 



macnoise, but entered under the year 1202, 
and it is added, that it was broken down the 
same year by the King of Connaught. 

k Sitric O'Sruit/ien. His death is entered in 
the Annals of Ulster as follows, under the year 
1205. 

" A.D. 1205. Sicpiuc huappuiren oipcinnec 
na conjbala .1. cenn hua muprele, 7 coipec 
clamne pneibjile ap corucc, post optimum pe- 
nitentiam feliciter finiuil vitani, et sepultits est in 
templo quodfactum eat apud ipsum." 

1 Conical, ConjBail This is generally called 

ConjBail 5^ Ir >n e Suilije, i. e. Conwall of thu 
vale of the River Swilly; it is an ancient parish 
church, now in ruins, near the River Suileach 
(Swilly), in the barony of Kilmacrenan, and 
county of Donegal See the Feilire Aengug, and 
the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, at 8th of 
February, and Colgan's Acta. Sanct., p. 406 ; 
also Erck's Ecclesiastical Register, p. 44. The 
ruins of this church are to be seen on tlir 
right of the road as you go from Letterkenny to 
Dunglow, about two miles i'roin the former. 

m Clann-Snedhgik, Ctann Sne05ile, wort' u 
tribe of the Kinel-Connell, seated in Glenswilly, 
to the west of Letterkenny. They descend from 
Snedhgil, son of Airnualach, son of Maelduin, 
son of Kinfaela, son of Garbh, son of Ronan, son 
of Lughaidh, son of Sedna, son of Fergus Kin- 



AXXALS OK THE KIN(J1)().M OF IUKLAXD. 



Kolls, Trim, and Droichr:id Nun (Newbridge) wi-iv Imnn-d 
Sitric (the Teffian) O'Kelly, <>t Ily-Mum..-. died 1 . 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1204. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred four. 

Sitric O'Sruithen", Erenagh of Conwal 1 , i. e. head of the Ily-Murtele, and 
chief man of all the Clann-Snedhgile" for his worth, died, after exemplary 
IK nance, and was interred in the church which he had himself founded. 

John de Courcy", the plunderer of churches and territories, WHS driven by 



I'adu, who was son of Conall Gulban, ancestor of 
the Kinel-ConnelL 

n John de Courcy. This is the last no- 
tice of De Courcy in these Annals. It is en- 
tered in the Annals of Ulster under the year 
1205. At the year 1204 the Annals of Kilro- 
mm state that a battle was fought between 
Hugo de Lacy, with the English of Meath, and 
John de Courcy, with the English of Ulidia, in 
which John de Courcy was taken prisoner, but 
nt'tiTwards set at liberty, tap na cpoppao 06 on I 
co lapu|tileni, having been prohibited from go- 
ing to Jerusalem. Under the year 1205 the same 
Annals record, that John de Courcy brought a 
tWt from the Innsi Gall, or the Hebrides, to 
mutest I'lulin with the sons of Hugh de Lacy 
und the English of Meath, but that he effected 
nothing by this expedition except the plunder- 
ing of the country ; that ho was compelled to go 
away without making any conquest, and that 
iii'ti-r iliis liv entered into a league of amity with 
' > Nfill and the Kiiifl-Owen. In the interpolated 
Dublin ru[>y of the Annals of Innisfallen it is 
stated, that John de Courcy gained a great vic- 
tory at Ciirrickft-rgus in 1207; but this must 
l>f a mistake. In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, 
as translated by Council Mageoghegan, it is 
stated, under the year 1203, that Sir John de 
Courcy uud his Iivr.- wriv, in a long encuun- 

T 



ter, overthrown at Downdalethglass [Down] by 
Hugh de Lacy, and himself banished into Eng- 
land ; but under the next year the same Annals 
would seem to contradict this entry, or, if not, 
to give us to understand that De Courcy re- 
turned from England. The passage is as follows : 

"A. D. 1204. John de Courcy and the Enp- 
lishmen of Meath fell to great contentions, strife, 
and debate among themselves, to the utter ruin 
and destruction of Ulster. John was gone t<. 
the country of Tyreowne, and Hugh Delacir 
went to England." 

The Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallcn, 
in noticing the doings of King John in Ireland, 
state that he summoned the sons of Hugh de 
Lacy to appear before him to answer for tin- 
death of the valiant knight John de Courcy, 
who was treacherously killed by them. Mr. 
Moore thinks (History of Ireland, vol. iii. p. 3) 
that this was the great Sir John de Courcy, 
conqueror of Ulster; but this is not the fact, for 
the Sir John de Courcy killed by the De Lacy* 
was Lord of Kathenny and Kilbarrock, in the 
county of Dublin. See Grace's Annals of Ir. 
hind at the year 1210, and Campion's Historic 
of Ireland, Edition of 1809, p. 109- Ware sup- 
poses that this Lord of Kilbarrock and liathenny 
WAS the natural son of the great Sir John <lc 
Courcy, but this does not appear probable, for 

2 



140 



[1204. 



hi cfp eojain ap comaipce cenel neojjcun 50 pamicc 50 cappaicc pfpjjupa, ~\ 
po mapbpac joill ulab pochaibe Dia rhumcip. 



we find that the Earl Richard (Strongbow) had 
granted Rathenny to Vivian de Cursun and his 
heirs, as fully as Gilcolm before held them : and 
it is most likely that the Sir John de Courcy, 
Lord of Rathenny, was the son of this Vivian. 
The great Sir John de Courcy had a brother, 
Jordanus de Courcy, who was killed by his own 
people in the year 1197, as appears from the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, and 
who was possibly the ancestor of the Mac Pa- 
tricks of Kingsale and Ringrone. 

The truth seems to be that the conqueror of 
Ulster went to England in 1205. The archives 
of the Tower of London furnish us with the 
mandate of King John to the Ulster knights, 
who had become sureties for their chief, direct- 
ing them to cause him to appear and perform 
his service by a term to be assigned by his Lord 
Justice of Ireland ; together with the King's 
safe conduct to De Courcy, and the names of the 
hostages delivered on his part. See Rotuli Z/i- 
terarum Patentium in Turri Londinensi asser- 
vati, an. 1201 ad. 1216, vol. i., part L, London, 
1835. 

Here we lose sight of Sir John de Courcy, 
conqueror of Ulster, as he is called, for we have 
no trustworthy records to prove what was his 
ultimate fate. The Book of Howth, now pre- 
served among the manuscripts in the Lambeth 
Library, P. 628, contains a detailed account, 
professing to be authentic, of his subsequent his- 
tory, of which the Editor is tempted to give 
here a brief outline. 

Immediately after his defeat nt Down, De 
Courcy offered the combat to Hugh de Lucv, 
which this cowardly lord refused, alleging that 
as he was the representative of the king in Ire- 
land, it would be beneath his dignity to enter 
the lists with a rebellious subject. De Lucy 



next proclaimed De Courcy as a rebel, and of- 
fered a large reward to any who should seize 
him and deliver him into his hands. This having 
proved ineffectual, he next bribed the servants 
and followers of De Courcy, and held out great 
rewards to them for betraying him. To this 
they agreed, and gave De Lacy the following 
information : that De Courcy was a man of such 
gigantic strength, and always so well armed in 
public and private, that no one man durst lay 
hands upon him. However, that upon Good 
Friday yearly he wears no arms, but remains 
alone, doing penance, in the church-yard of Down ; 
.that if De Lacy would have a troop of horse in 
readiness near Down, he could, by their (the 
betrayers') directions, apprehend their master. 
These directions were followed. De Courcy 
was attacked unarmed: seeing no other weapon 
at hand he ran to a wooden cross that stood in 
the churchyard, and, tearing its shaft from the 
socket, he dealt such powerful blows of it upon 
his enemies, that he killed thirteen of them upon 
the spot. He was, however, finally overpowered, 
fettered, and delivered a prisoner into the hands 
of De Lacy, who conveyed him to London, where 
he was confined in the tower and condemned to 
perpetual imprisonment. For this service Kill}? 
John conferred the Earldom of Ulster upon IV 
Lacy, who, instead of rewarding the betrayers 
of De Courcy, caused them to be hanged. 

In this condition would De Courcy have 
passed the remainder of his life, had it not been 
for some difference that arose between John, 
King of England, and Philip, King of France, 
about the right to some fort in Normandy, whi, 
to avoid the shedding of Christian blood, ngreed 
to put it to single combat. King Philip had in 
readiness a Frencli knight of so groat pm- 
and renown, that King John found no subject 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Ill 



the son <>1 Hugo de Lacy into Tyrone, to seek the protection of the Kinel- 
Owen. He arrived at Carrickfergiis, and the English of Ulidia slew great 
of his 



The two kings, disappointed in their antici- 
pated pleasure of seeing a combat between mighty 
champions, intreated De Courcy to give them 
some proof of his bodily strength. Complying 
with their request, he ordered a strong stake to 
be driven firmly into the ground, on which were 
placed a coat of mail and a helmet. He then 
drew his sword, and looking with a frowning 
and threatening aspect upon the kings, he clett 
the helmet and coat of mail, and sent the wea- 
pon so deeply into the wood, that no one )>ut 
himself could draw it out. Then the kings 
asked him what he meant by looking so sternly 
at them, and he answered iu a sullen torn-, that 
had he missed his blow, he would have cut off 
both their heads. His words were taken in good 
part, on account of the services he had per- 
formed. King John gave: him his liberty, as well 
as great gifts, and restored him to his poaae*- 
sioiis in Ulster. He then sailed to England, and 
coming to Westchester, committed himself to 
the mercy of the sea, but was put back again 
by contrary winds, which rose upon a sudden 
at his embarkation. This he did for tii't-n 
days successively, and upon every repulst- In- 
wan admonished at night in a vision, that all his 
attempts to cross the sea to Ireland were vain, 
for that it was preordained that hr should never 
set foot upon Irish ground, because he had grie- 
vously offended there by pulling down the mas- 
ter and setting up the servant. De Cun-\ 
collected that he had formerly translated tin- 
cathedral church of Down, which had I 
dedicated to the Holy Trinity, into an aUx-y i.f 
black monks brought thither from Chester, and 
that he hud consecrated the same iu honour uf 
St. Patrick. On being driven back the tit'teviith 
II had so j-owert'ully wrought upnii 



of his realm willing to encounter him. At 
length he was informed by one of his officers, 
that tliiTt- was a mighty champion confined in 
the Tower of London, who would prove more 
than a match for the French knight. King John, 
right glad to hear this, sent to De Courcy, call- 
ing upon him to support the honour of England ; 
and who, after repeated denials, is at last pre- 
vailed upon to accept the challenge. He sends 
for his own sword to Ireland, which was a 
]tonderous weapon, of exceeding good temper, 
and which he had often imbrued in the blood 
of the men of Ulster. The rigours of his im- 
|iri>onnient were softened, and his strength re- 
Ntored by proper nourishment and exercise. 
The day came, the place is appointed, the list 
provided, the scaffolds set up, the princes with 
their nobility on each side, with thousands in 
expectation. Forth comes the French champion, 
gave a turn and rests him in his tent. De 
Courcy is sent for, who all this while was truss- 
ing of himself with strong points, and answered 
the messengers, that if any of them were invited 
to such a banquet they would make no great 
haste. Forth, at length, he comes, gave a turn, 
and went into his tent. When the trumpets 
sounded to battle the combatants came forth 
nd viewed each other. De Courcy looked his 
antagonist in the face with a wonderful stern 
< < untenance, and passed by. The Frenchman, 
not liking his grim look, gigantic size, and sym- 
ini trie proportions, stalked still along, and when 
tin' irumi>c-ts sounded the last charge, DeCourey 
ilivw out his ponderous sword, and the French 
knight, Iviiifr seized with a sudden panic, ran 
away, uml tied into Spain; \vhercii|iii the Eng- 
lUh Miiuidrd victory, clap[>ed their liui,.!-. and 
ip their caps. 



142 



[1204. 



Uilliam bupc Do inDpaD connacc eicip chill -| cuaic -\ po biogliail Dm -| 
na naoim inDpn paip uaip po 65 DO alup lonjndc Do bab abnap Daipneip. 
TTluipcfpcach ua plaichbfpcaij cijeapna mpchaip connacc Do ecc. 



his imagination, that he submitted to the decrees 
of heaven, passed sentence upon himself, re- 
turned to France, and there died about the year 
1210. 

Dr. Leland observes (History of Ireland, v. i. 
b. L c. 6, p. 180), that those who reject the su- 
perstitious addition, have yet adopted the ro- 
mantic part of the narrative without scruple, 
though both evidently stand upon the same ori- 
ginal authority. It is quite certain, however, that 
it stands upon no original authority, but is a 
mere story invented in the fifteenth or sixteenth 
century to flatter the vanity of the Howth fa- 
mily, whose ancestor, Sir Armoric Tristeram, 
or St. Laurence, married De Courcy's sister, 
and followed his fortunes into Ireland. Leland 
adds, that this romantic part of the history of 
Sir John De Courcy was invented by Irish 
bards and romancers, and writes as follows : 
" But it would not be worth while to detain the 
reader by this romantic tale, merely for the sake 
of refuting it, if we did not conceive it to be a 
specimen not unworthy of regard of the narra- 
tive of Irish bards and romancers, and the liber- 
ties they assumed of enlarging and embellishing 
the real incidents of their times. They who 
lived in earlier times are not so easily detected. 
But we see with what caution we are to receive 
their narratives, when, in times less obscure, 
and when confronted by other evidence, this 
order of men have hazarded such bold fictions, 
and with such ease and such success have ob- 
truded the marvellous and the affecting upon 
their unrefined hearers for real history. But as 
we find in these instances that the tales of the 
Irish bards were founded upon facts, we may 
reasonably conclude that their predecessors took 
the same course : that they sophisticated the 



truth by their additions, but were not entirely 
inventors." 

There can be little doubt, however, that this 
story about Sir John de Courcy was not invented 
by any Irish bard, for it has not been found in 
any Irish manuscript in prose or verse. It is 
evidently a story got up in the fifteenth or six- 
teenth century, on the slender basis of an Anglo- 
Irish tradition, and was first committed to wri- 
ting, with other stories of a similar character, in 
that repertory of Anglo-Irish traditions and le- 
gends, the Book of Howth. 

A similar story is told in the mountainous 
districts of Kerry and Beare, and Bantry, about 
Donnell O'Sullivan Beare, who fought with us 
much valour and desperation in the reign of 
Elizabeth, as Sir John de Courcy did in the 
reign of Henry II., and who was, perhaps, as 
great a hero as Ireland ever produced. But 
stories of this description are poetical inventions 
of later ages, when tradition, through the want 
of written records, had fallen into that degree 
of obscurity which left romantic writers at full 
liberty to raise as bright a fabric of fable as they 
pleased, on the slender basis of true history. 
They often, no doubt, owe their origin to vivid 
traditional reminiscences of the valour of noble 
warriors, whose real characters, if described by 
writers who could keep within the bounds of 
nature aud of truth, would afford abundance of 
shining virtues to be held up for the admiration 
of posterity. 

We have already seen that Giraldus Cambren- 
sis states that Sir John de Courcy had no legiti- 
mate son. According to the Dublin copy of the 
Annals of Innisfallen, he was married in the 
year 1180 to [Affrica] the daughter of Godfred, 
King of the Isle oi'Man ; and she died in the year 



1204.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OK IRELAND 



William Burke plundered Connaught, as well churches as territories ; but 
God and the saints took vengeance on him for that ; for he died of a singular 
disease, too shameful to be described. 

Murtough O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died. 



1 193, having borne no children up to the middle 
of the year 1 186, when Giraldus's historical no- 
tices of the Irish invaders end. Campion, who 
compiled his Ilittorie of Ireland in 1571, asserts, 
that " Courcye dying without heires of his body, 
the Eiirldome of Vlster was entirely bestowed 
upon Hugh de Lacye, for his good service." See 
Dublin edition of 1 809, p- 1 00. But Dr. Smith, in 
his Natural and Civil History of Cork, states that, 
" notwithstanding what Giraldus Cambrensis 
asserts, in the second book of his History, 
that John de Courcey, Earl of Ulster, had no 
issue, there is a record extant in the Tower of 
I. .. ; ,,lon (Rot Pat 6 Johan. M. Dors.), that 
Milo de Courcey, son of John de Courcey, was 
mi hostage for his father upon his enlargement 
from the Tower to fight the French champion." 
Vol. ii. pp. 228, 229, of the third edition. It 
is also stated in a Pedigree of the Mac Carthys, 
<>f Loch Luigheach, now Corraun Lough, in 
K.-rry, now preserved in the Library of the 
Koyal Irish Academy, that this branch of the 
Mac Carthys descend .from a daughter of Sir 
.John de Courcy. 

Lodge enters fully into the question of the 
legitimacy of the issue of De Courcy in vol. iv. 
1>1>. 30-32, edition of 1754, and thinks that 
wearing the hat in the royal presence is con- 
clusive as to lawful issue ; but the antiquity of 
the' privilege has not been proved by document- 
ary evidem-i' sufficient to establish it to the sa- 
ti faction of the historian. Mr. Moore seems 
that De Courcy had one legitimate son, 



Milo, but agrees with Lehmd in doubting the 
story of HiinmiT. ami his legendary authority, 
the Book of lluxvth. He writes, "that he" [Sir 
John l>e Courcy] " did not succeed, as some 



have alleged, in regaining his place in the royal 
favour, may be taken for granted from the fact 
that, though he left a son to inherit his posses- 
sions, both the title and property of the earldom 
of Ulster were, on his decease'' [yr. before hit 
decease ?] " transferred to his rival, Hugh de 
Lacy." History of Ireland, vol. Hi. p. 4. 

The Patent Roll referred to by Dr. Smith men- 
tions a Milo de Curcy, juvenis, son of John de 
Curcy, Junior, but contains not a word to shew 
who this John de Curcy, Jum, was, or about the 
combat with the French champion. On tin- 
strength of the traditional story, however, the 
heads of the Mac Patricks, or DeCourcys of Cork, 
have claimed and exercised the privilege of ap- 
pearing covered in the royal presence. It may not 
be impertinent to remark, however, that no men- 
tion is made of this privilege in the works of 
Hanmer or Campion. The former merely states 
that King John gave De Coury, Earl of Ulster, 
" great gifts, and restored him to his former pos- 
sessions in Ireland." Dublin edition of 1809, 
p. 368. And the latter writes in 1571. "Ix.nl 
Courcye, a poore man, not very Irish, the ancient 
descent of the Coureyes planted in Ireland with 
the Conquest" Hittorie of Ireland, Dnblin e<li- 
tion, 1809, p. 10. 

Mr. Burke states, inhisPeerage, but upon what 
authority the Editor knows not, that Almericus, 
the twenty- third Lord Kingsale, in observance 
of the ancient privilege of his house, appean^l 
in the presence of King William III. covered, 
and explained to that monarch, when his Ma- 
jesty expressed surprise at the circumstance, tin- 
reason thus: "Sire, my name is Courcy; I am 
Lord of Kingsale, in your Majesty's kingdom ul' 
Ireland; and the reason of my appearing covered 



144 



[1205. 



aois crcioso, 1205. 

Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a cuicc. 

Qn caipoeappoc ua teienni [hemni] to 6ol i maincini, -\ a ecc po cenoip. 
Oonaic ua bfcba eppcop ua narhalgaba Do ecc. 



in your Majesty's presence is, to assert the an- 
cient privilege of my family, granted to Sir John 
de Courcy, Earl of Ulster, and his heirs, by JOHN, 
King of England." Burke adds : " The King 
acknowledged the privilege, and giving the Baron 
his hand to kiss, his Lordship paid his obeisance, 
and continued covered." The oldest authority 
the Editor has been able to find for this privilege 
is Smith's Natural and Civil History of Cork, 
first published in 1750, in which it is added, 
by Smith himself, but without citing any autho- 
rity whatever, to Hanmer's account of Sir John 
de Courcy's enlargement from prison to fight the 
French champion. He also adds : " The privi- 
lege of being covered in the royal presence is en- 
joyed to this day by his lordship, being granted 
to his great ancestor, the Earl of Ulster, by King 
John. On the 13th of June, 1720, the late 
Lord Gerald de Courcy was by his Grace the 
Duke of Grafton, presented to His Majesty 
King George I., when he had the honour to 
kiss his hand, and to assert his ancient privi- 
lege. And that on the 22nd of June, 1727, 
he was presented by the Lord Carteret to His 
Majesty George II., by whom he was graciously 
received, had the honour of kissing his hand, 
and of being also covered in his presence." He 
then adds : " In May, 1627, Sir Dominick 
Sarsfield was created Lord Viscount Kinsale, to 
the great prejudice of this ancient and noble 
family, and set up his arms in the town. But, 
upon a fair hearing before the Earl Marshal of 
England, he was obliged to renounce the title 
of Kinsale, and take that of Kilmallock. The 
lords of Kinsale were formerly the first barons 



of Ireland, but are said to have lost their prece- 
dency anno 1489. James lord Kinsale, having 
missed being at a solemn procession at Green- 
wich, King Henry VII. gave the title of Premier 
Baron of Ireland to the lords of Athenry, who 
have ever since enjoyed the same ; but this 
fact is disputed." It may be here remarked, 
that as the Barony of Athenry is now extinct, 
the title of Premier Baron of Ireland reverts to 
the De Courcys, and that the late John de 
Courcy, twenty-sixth Baron of Kinsale, exer- 
cised the ancient privilege of his ancestors on 
George the Fourth's visit to Ireland in 1821. 

William Burke The Annals of Clonmac- 

noise, as translated by Connell, the son of Niall 
Mageoghegan, in the year 1627, record the 
death of William Burke at an. 1204, in the 
following words : " William Burke took the 
spoyles of all the churches of Connaught, viz. : 
of Clonvicknose, Clonfert, Milick, Killbyan, the 
churches of O'Fiaghragh, Twayme, Kill-Ben- 
eoine, Killmeoyne, Mayo of the English, Cownga 
of St. Fechin, the abbey of Athedalaragh, Ailfynn, 
Uaran, Roscommon, with many other churches. 
God and the Patrons of these churches shewed 
their miracles upon him, that his entrails and 
fundament fell from his privie place, and it 
trailed after him even to the very earth, whereof 
he died impenitently without Shrive or Extream 
Unction, or good buryall in any church in the 
kingdom, but in a waste town." Mageoghegan 
then adds the'following remarks by way of an- 
notation, though he incorporates them with the 
text: 

" These and many other reproachable words 



AXNAI.S (F TIIK KINT.DOM OF IRELAND. 



in 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1205. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand tico hundred five. 

The Archbishop 0'Heney p retired into a monastery, where he died soon 
after. 

Donat O'Beacdha, Bishop of Tyrawley, died. 



my author layeth down in the old book, which 
I was loath to translate, because they were ut- 
t.-rM by him for the disgrace of so worthy and 
noble a man as William Burke was, and left out 
other his reproachfull words, which he (as I 
conceive) rather declear'd of an Evillwill he did 
bear towards the said William then" [L e. than] 
" any other just cause." 

This is the famous William Fitz Adelm de 
Burgo, who is generally called the Conqueror of 
Connaught Mageoghegan's defence of him, in 
opposition to all the Irish authorities, is to no 
effect ; aud should any one be inclined to reject 
the testimony of the Irish writers altogether, 
the following character given of him by his own 
countryman and contemporary, Giraldus Cam- 
brensis, must have some weight in corroborating 
thrir veracity : "Erat autem Aldelmi filius vir 
corpulentus, tarn statura quam fuutunc, inter 
parum mediocribus maiores satis idonete : vir 
ilapsilis & curialis. Sed quicquid honoris cui- 
quara impendit, semper in insidiis, semper in 
dolo, semper propinans sub melle venenum, 
semper latens anguis in herba. Vir in facie 
liberalis & lenis, intus vero plus aloes quam 
nu-llis habens. Semper 

I'etticulam veterem retineru, vir fronte politut, 
Attutam tapido portant tub pectore vulpem, 

"Semper 
Impia sub duici melle venena ferent. 

Molliti sermonos eius super oleum : sed ipsi 
sutit iarula. Cuius hodic venerator, eras eius- 
spoliator ' xistens, vel delator. Imbellium 



debellator, rebellium blanditor : Indomitis dc- 
initus, domitis indomitua, hosti soauissimug, 
subdito grauissimus : nee illi formidabilis, nee 
isti fidelis. Vir dolosus, blandus, meticulosua, 
vir vino Veneriq; datus. Et quanquam auri 
cupidus, & curialiter ambitiosus : non minus 
tamen curiam diligens quam curam." Hibernia 
Erpuffnttta, lib. ii. cap. xvi 

Duald Mac Firbis, in his account of the Eng- 
lish families of Ireland, attempts, in the pedi- 
gree of the Earl of Clanrickard, to defend the 
character of Fitz Adelm, by stating that Giraldus 
was prejudiced against him ; and it must be 
admitted, on comparing the character which 
Giraldus gives of William Fitz Adelm with that 
of Fitz Stephen, the uncle of Cambrensis, that 
there was more or less of prejudice in the way : 
but still, when it is considered that De Burgo's 
character, as drawn by Cambrensis, does not 
' much differ from that given of him in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, it is clearly unfair to 
conclude that both arc false, though it may be 
allowed that both are overdrawn, aa Giraldus 
was undoubtedly prejudiced, and as the Irish 
ecclesiastic, who compiled the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, could not be expected to give an im- 
partial account of an invader and conqueror, 
who had plundered the church of Clonmacnoise 
and all the most sacred churches of Connaught. 
P The ArMithop CFHeney. In the Annals of 
InnUfallen, at the year 1 192, he is called tin- 
Pope's Legate. According to the Annals of 
Mary's Abbey, Dublin, he died in the Abbey 
of Holycross, in the county of Tipperary Stt 

U 



146 



eirceciNN. 



[1205. 



Saoipbpecac ua Doipeb oipcinneac Domnaij moip, ~\ pacpaicc ua mojpoin, 
Decc. 

ITlajnup ua cacain mac cijepna aanacca, ~\ pep na cpaoibe, cuip gaip- 
cceb, i beoDacca an cuaipcipc Do juin Do poijic, ~\ a ecc laporh. 

TTlac 5 ul ^ ea ^ ai S U1 cepbaill cijepna ele Do rhapbaD la jallaib. 

Concobap ua bpaoin bpeajmaine Do ecc ma ailicpe i ccluam mic noip. 

Rajnall mac Diapmaca nccfpna cloinne Diapmaca Do ecc. 

Oomnall mac concoiccpice caoipec muincipe Sepcacam Do ecc. 

Oomnall ua paolain cijeapna na nofipi muman Do ecc. 

Cabcc mac cacail cpoiboepcc Do ecc DO jalap en omce i ccluam mic 
noip. 

TTlaebp mac TTlaelip Do Dul ap eccin ap luimneach, -] cogab mop Dfipji 



Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, pp. 469, 
470. 

11 Donaghmore, tDomnac mop, is a church 
near Castlefin, in the county of Donegal, of 
which the O'Deerys were Erenaghs, according 
to the Ulster Inquisitions. 

r Kianaghta, Cianacca, is the present barony 
of Keenaght, in the north-west of the county of 
Londonderry. It derives its name from the 
tribe name of the family of the O'Conors of 
Glengevin, who descend from Cian (son of Olioll 
Olum, King of Munster), and who were chiefs i 
of it, previous to the O'Kanes. 

5 Firnacreeva, pip na cpaoiBe, i. e. the men 
of the bush or branch ; latinized Fircrivia by 
O'Flaherty. This was the name of a tribe of 
the O'Kanes seated on the west side of the Bann. 
" Bann, fluvius inter Learn et Elliain" [recte 
Elniam] " prater Clanbreasail regiouem scatu- 
riens per Neachum lacum Oendromensem agrum 
et FIKCRIVIAM Scriniamque in comitatu Derri- 
ensi, intersecat, et tertio a Culraniii ct cataracta 
Eascrive [cap cpaoiBe] lapide in oceanum trans- 
fundit." Ogygia, part iii. c. 3. This tribe of 
the O'Kanes had some time previously driven 
the Firlue eastwards across th'e Bann ; and the 



latter settled in Magh Elne, where they cer- 
tainly were seated in the time of Sir John de 
Courcy ; for it appears from these Annals, at 
the year 1 1 77, that Cumee O'Flynn was then in 
possession of the ecclesiastical town of Annoy, 
called Airther Maighe, i. e. the eastern part of 
the plain, because it was in the east of Magh 
Eilne, into which the Firlee had been driven by 
the O'Kanes. 

1 Toieer, cuip The word cuip properly means 
prop or support. This passage is rendered as 
follows in the old translation of the Annals of 
Ulster: "A. D. 1205. Manus O'Calian, son to 
the King of Kienaght and men of Krive, the 
upholder of martiall feats, and stoutnes of the 
North of Ireland, was slayne with the shot of 
an arrow." 

u The son of Guill-bhealach In the pedigree 

of O'Carroll, given by Duald Mac Firbis, he is 
called Finn mac Goill an bhealaigh, and is 
made the twenty-fourth in descent from Eile 
Rigdhearg, from whom O'Carroll's country, in 
the now King's County, was called Eile, or 
Ely See note under the year 1174, p. 15. 

"Brawney, bpeajpiiaine, an ancient territory, 
now a barony in the county of Westmeath, ad- 



120T).] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 



117 



Saerhrehagh [Justin] O'Deery, Ercnagh of Donaghmore', and Patrick 
O'Muron, died. 

Manus O'Kane, son of the Lord of Kianaghta r and Firnacreeva', tower 1 of 
the valour and vigour of the North, was wounded by an arrow, and died of 
the wound. 

The son of Guill-bhealach" O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, was slain by the English. 

Conor O'Breen, of Brawney", died on his pilgrimage to Clonmacnoise. 

Randal Mac Dermot, Lord of Clanderraot, died. 

Donnell Mac Concogry, Chief of Muintir Searcachan, died. 

Donnell O'Faelain (Phelan), Lord of the Desies of Munster", died. 

Teige, the son of Cathal Crovderg, died of one night's sickness at Clon- 
mqcnoise. 

Meyler, the son of Meyler", took possession of Limerick by force ; on ac- 



joining Athlone and the Shannon. 

x Deiiet of Munttcr, t>eipi ITIuman This 

name is still preserved in the two baronies of 
Desies, in the present county of Waterford, but 
the ancient territory was much more extensive 
than the present baronies. Keating informs us 
(Reign of Corniac Mac Art) that the country of 
the southern Deisi extended from Lismorc to 
Ceann Criadain, now Credan head, at the east- 
ern extremity of the county of Waterford, and 
from the River Suir southwards to the sea ; and 
that of the northern Dcisi from the Suir to the 
southern boundary of Corca Eathrach, or the 
Plain of Cashel, comprising tin 1 present baronies 
of Middle-third and Iffa and Off'a East, in the 
south of the county of Tipperary. The country 
<>f tlu> northern Deisi was otherwise called Magh 
hin. which comprised, according to Keating, 
the haronies of Clonmel-third and Middle-third. 
The two cli-trirN formed the see of St. Declun 
of Ardmore, which became united to that of 
l.i-more, and is now comprised under its name. 
These united dioceses extend northwards to 
about midway between Cashel and Clonmel, and 
there also ended the country of the northern 

U 



DeisL See Ussher's Primordia, pp. 782, 866, 
867 ; O'Flaherty's Oyyyia, part iiL c. 69 ; and 
Lanigan's Ecclesiastical Hittory of Ireland, vol. i. 
p. 282. The Deisi were originally seated near 
Tara, in Meath, and their country there is still 
called Oeipe Ceariipac, Anglice Deece barony. 
In O'Heerin's topographical poem it is stated 
that O'Bric and O'Faelain were the ancient 
kings or head chiefs of the Desies, and that their 
sub-chiefs were as follows : O'Meara of Hy- 
Fatha (now Offa barony) ; O'Neill of Hy-Owen 
Finn, O'Flanagan of Uachter Tire, Anglice Up- 
perthird ; O'Breslen of Hy-Athele, as far as the 
sea to the south-east ; O'Keane of Hy-Foley, 
along the River Moghan ; O'Bric of Hy-Feathach, 
from Leac Logha (doc labpaip?) to Liath- 
ilruiin, now Leitrim, on the boundary of the 
counties of Cork and Waterford. 

' Meyler This passage is given M follows in 
Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise: "A. D.I 205. Meyler the younger, 
son of Meyler Bremyngham, besieged Limbrick, 
and at the last tooke the seme per force, for 
which there arose great dissent ion between the 
English of Meath. In which dissention Cowley 



148 



[1206. 



eicip jallaib na TTlioe -\ joill TTlaoilip cpiD pin, -| cuulao rhac conmfoha uf 
laeghachain caoipeach pil Ronain DO mapbao ap an ccoccao pin la cenel 
piachach mic neill. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1206. 
Qoip CpiopD, nifle, Da cherc, a pe. 

Doriinall ua muipfohaij aipDpfpleijinn Doipe Do ecc. 

TTlaolpfccaip ua calmain comapba cainDij cuip cpdb'aio -) eccna cuaip- 
cipc Gpeann Do ecc. 

plaicbfpcac ua plaicbfpcaij ppioip ouine jfirnin, -| jiollapacpaicc ua 
palaccaij aipchinDeac bum cpuicne DO ecc. 

Giccnfchdn ua Dorhnaill Do Denarii cpeac -| mapbca i ccfp eojain. 

Comapba pacpaicc Do 6ol i ccfnD Righ Sa^an Do cuin^m pochaip ceall, 
1 Do copaoio ap jallaibh 6peann. 



Mac Convey O'Leygaghan was killed by those 
of Kynaleaghe ; he was Chief of Sileronan, with 
many other hurts done among the Englishmen 
themselves." 

1 0' 'Laeghaghan This family was other- 
wise called Mac Conmeadha, now Mac Namee. 
O'Dugan makes O'Konain Chief of Cairbre 
Gabhru, which was in North Teffia ; but whe- 
ther O'Ronain and O'Laeghachain of Sil Eonain 
were the same, or of the same tribe, the Editor 
has not been able to determine, for the tribe 
name of one family may agree with the surname 
of another, and yet be very different. Nothing 
will determine those points but positive evi- 
dence of their localities, and of their exact pedi- 
grees. 

1 Race ofFiacka, cinel piaca true n6ill, i. e. 
the race of Fiagha, son of Niall. This Fiagha 
was the third son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 
monarch of Ireland in the beginning of the fifth 
century. His descendants were the Mageoglio- 
gans and O'Molloys, whose country extended 
from Birr to Killare, as we learn from an entry 
in Mageoghegau's translation of the Annals of 



Clonmacnoise, at the year 1207. But in later 
ages the name Kinel Fhiacha, or Kineleaghe, 
was applied to Mageoghegan's country only, 
which comprised the present barony of Moy- 
cashel. It should be here remarked that the 
country of Kinel-Fhiacha was never accounted 
a portion of Teffia, as asserted by some of our 
modern writers. The men of Teffia were the de- 
scendants of Maine, the fourth son of King Niall 
of the Nine Hostages, and their country was some- 
times called Tir Maine. The families of Tdliu 
were the Foxes, orO'Caharny, who were originally 
lords of all Teffia, but were in latter ages seated 
in the barony of Kilcoursy (in the north-west 
of the present King's County), which bore thuir 
tribe name of Muintir-Tagan ; the Magawlc).- 
of Calry an chala, comprising the parish of Bal- 
lyloughloe in Westmeath ; the O'Breens of 
Brawney ; the Mac Cargharuhnas (anglicised 
Caron by O'Flaherty, and Mac Carrhon by 
Connell Mageoghegan, but now always Mac 
Carroon) of Muintir Maoiltsinna, placed by 
O'Flaherty near the Shannon, in the territory 
of Cuircnia, now the barony of Kilkenny We>t : 



ANNALS OF 'I UK KINGDOM OF JUKI. AND. 

cuiint of which a great war broke out between the English of Meath and the 
Kii.ulifh of Meyler, during which Cooley, the son of Cumee O'Laeghaghan 1 , me 
slain by the race of Fiacha", the son of Niall [i. e. the Mageoghegans, &c.] 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1206. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred *i.r. 

1 ).iniii'll O'Murray, Chief Lector at Derry, died*. 

Mulpeter O'Calman, Coarb of St. Canice c , and tower of the piety and wisdom 
of the north of Ireland*, died. 

Flaherty O'Flaherty, Prior of Dungiven', and Gillapatrick O'Falaghty, Ere- 
nagh of Dun-crun f , died. 

Egneghan O'Donnell took a prey, and killed some persons in Tyrone. 

Tlio successor of St. Patrick went to the King of England on behalf of the 
churches of Ireland', and to complain of the English of Ireland. 



the O'Dalys of Corca Adain ; the O'Quins of 
Muintir Gilligan, in The present county of Long- 
ford ; and a few others, who all sunk into insig- 
nificance and obscurity shortly after the English 
invasion See note under the year 1207. 
b This passage is thus translated by Colgan : 

|i..:nri.ii In- ( I'Muireduich Archiscolasticus sen 
>ii[iremus professor S. Theologite Uurensis Ec- 
ulesise obiit" Tria* Thauin., p. 504. 

c St. Canice is the patron saint of the barony 

it' Keenaght, in the county of Londonderry, in 
which thi! chief church seems to be that of 
Drumachose. 

1 \<1A of Ireland. The coarb of St Canice, 
in tin- north of Ireland, was the abbot of Termon- 
kenny, in the territory of Kiemighta, now the 
Itiipiny >it' Keenaght, in the county of London- 
derry, of which territory St. Canice was a native 
and the principal patron. The Annals of Ulster 
a quotation from an ancient poem on the 
high diameter of this ecclesiastic, and the old 
.m-licix'S his name Mocl- Peter U'C'ul- 



' Dunyiren, Dun fleirinin, a village in the 
barony of Keenaght, in the county of London- 
derry. Dun geiihm signifies the fortress of 
Geimhin. a man's name, but no historical ac- 
count of his tribe or period has been discovered 
by the Editor. 

'Dun-crun, Dun cpuirne, translated a rx Cru- 
tiurnorum by Colgan in Trias Thaum., p. 181, 
col. 2. The name is now sometime* anglicised 
Duncroon, and is a townland in the parish of 
Ardmagilligan, in the county of Londonderry. 
There was a church erected here by St. Patrick, 
and a shrine finished for St. Columbkille by the 
celebrated brazier, Conla. See Tripartite Life of 
St Patrick, lib. ii. c. 125 ; and O'Donnell's Lid- 
of St Colnnilikille, lib. L c. 99. See also Samp- 
son's Memoir of a Map of Londonderry, p. 487, 
and the note given above under the year 1203. 

On behalf of tk churche* of Ireland, ro&ip 
cenll n-6pean. The Primate went to England 
to request that the King would compel the Eng- 
!i-h chiefs in Ireland to restore their lands and 
other liberties to the Irish churches. It appears 



150 



Comalcac, mac concobaip, mic Diapmaca mic caibg njeapna rhaie 
luipcc i aipcigh, 1 na haicibecca en bjianan cloinne maolpuanaib Do ecc. 

Cpeac la heccnecan ua noorhnaill in uib papannain, ~\ hi ccloinn oiaji- 
maca. T?o gabhpac bu iomDa, ] po mapbhpacc oaome. Ruccpac uf Diap- 
macca, uf popanndin i uf gaipmlfohaij; oppa. Ro mapba6, ~\ po bdibfb 
pocaibe fcoppa, ~\ puccpac cenel cconaill an ccpeich po bfoib lap moppao- 
cap. 

Ruaibpi ua gabpa ciccepna Slebe luja Do ecc. 

Qooh mac mupchaba uf ceallaij ciccfpna ua maine, -\ caicniab ua cair- 
niab cijeapna loppaip Do ecc. 

Qo& ua joipmjiallaij ciccfpna papcpaije cfpa t>o mapbab la peapaib 
cfpa. 

T?uai6pi ua cojDa caoipeac na bpeocha la hua narhalsaib DO ecc. 

5'll'bepc ua plannaccdin, ~\ lomap mac mupchaib cdc Diob 60 mapbab 
apoile ip pop comam 



from charters in the Book of Kells, now in the 
Library of Trinity College, Dublin, that the 
word pocap means advantage, benefit, or freedom. 
It is in this sense the opposite of oocap. 

In Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops (under 
Eugene Mac Gittivider, p. 64), he gives the fol- 
lowing translation of this passage from what 
he calls anonymous Annals : " The comarb of 
Patrick (Eghdon Mac Gilluys), went to the 
King of England's house, for the good of the 
churches of Ireland, and to complain of the 
GALLS (i. e. the English) of Ireland." Harris 
took this extract from the old English transla- 
tion of the Annals of Ulster, preserved in the 
British Museum, which contains the above quo- 
tation, word for word. See note under the year 
1216. 

b Tvmaltagh, romalcac. In the Annals of 
Kilronan he is styled na caippje, i. e. of the 
rock. Charles O'Conor of Belanagare status in 
one of his manuscripts, that he built the castle 
and chief seat of the family on one of the islands 
of Lough Key, and that this seat obtained the 



name of Mac Dermot's Rock, which it retains to 
this day. See Memoirs of the Life and Writings 
of Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, p. 305. 

' Moylurg, Airtech, fyc. Mac Dermot, or, as 
the family were more anciently called, O'Mul- 
rony, was Chief of Moylurg, Airteach, and Tir- 
tuathail, all included in the old barony of Boyle. 

k Clann-Dermot, clann Oiapmaoa, i. e. the 
O'Carellans. These, as well as the O'Forannans 
and O'Gormlys, were of the Kincl-Owen race, 
and were at this period seated on both sides of 
the Eiver Mourne, and of the arm, or narrow 
part, of Lough Foyle. The O'Donnells after- 
wards drove them out of the plain of Magh Ithe, 
and established families of the Kinel-Connell in 
their place. 

1 Sliabh Lugha. The name of this territory 
is still well known in the county of Mayo, and 
its limits pointed out. It comprises the parislu- 
of Kilkclly, Kilmovee, Killeagh, Kilcolman, and 
Castlemore-Costello, in the south-east of the 
county of Mayo, that is, that part of the barony 
of Costello included in the diocese of Achonry. 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIXCDO.M OF IKKI.AXI). 



1.11 



Tonniltagh", the son of Conor, son of Dermot, who was the son of Teige, 
Lord of Moylurg, Airtech, and Aicidhcacht', and chief hero of the Clann- 
Mulrony, died. 

Egneghan O'Donnell plundered Hy-Farannan and Clann-Dermot*; he took 
many cows, and killed persons. He was overtaken by the Hy-Dennot, the 
O'Farannans, and the O'Gormleys; and a struggle ensued, in which many were 
killed and drowned on both sides ; but the Kinel-Connell ultimately bore off 
the prey, after much labour. 

Rory O'Gara, Lord of Sliabh Lugha 1 , died. 

Hugh, the son of Murrough O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, and Caithniadh 
O'Caithniadh, Lord of Erris", died. 

Hugh O'Goirmghialla, Lord of Partry" in Carra, was slain by the men ot 
Carra. 

Rory OToghda, Chief of Bredagh in Hy-Awley [Tirawley], died 

Gilbert O'Flanagan and Ivor Mac Murrough slew each other at Roscom- 
mon p . 

According to Downing, in his brief, but curious 
and valuable account of the county of Mayo, the 
country of the Galcngi, i. e. the O'Haras and 
O'Garas, comprised the entire of the diocese of 
Achonry. The O'Garas were afterwards driven 
out of Sliabh Lugha by the family of Costello, 
and in later ages were possessed of the territory 
of Coolavin only, in which they had their chief 
castle at Moy- O'Gara, near the margin of Lough 
Gara. In an inquisition taken at Castlemore, on 
the 14th of July, 1607, this name is anglicised 
Slewlowe. 

m Err it, loppup, an extensive and remarkably 
wild barony in the north-west of the county of 
Mayo. The family of O'Caithniadh are now 
extinct, or the name changed, in this barony. 

" Partry, papcpaijje This name is still well 
known in the county of Mayo, as a territory 
forming the western portion of the barony of 
Ceara, and now believed to be coextensive with 
ilit! parish of Ballyovey, or Odhbha Ceara, 
which is locally called the parish of Partry, and 



in which there is a range of mountains 
called Sliere Partry; but it would appear, from 
the writings of the Mao Firbises of Lecan, that 
the territory of Partraighe extended originally 
into the present parish of Ballintober. See 
Tribet, Genealoyiet, and Ciutonu of the ffy-Fiaeh- 
rach, printed for the Irish Archeological Society 
in 1844, p. 152, note k , and p. 189, note'. The 
family name, O'Goirmghialla, is now called in 
Irish O^opmffiil, which is anglicised Gormilly. 
Gonnly, and even Gorman, which latter is an 
unpardonable corruption. See Tribet, tfc. of 
Hy-Fiachrach, pp. 47, 187, 202, not* . 

Of Bredagh, no bpeochu. Thi territory 
which contained fifteen bally*, or sixty quartern 
of land, of the large old Irish measure, comprised 
the parish of Moygawnagh, in the wwt of tin- 
barony of Tirawley, in the county of Mayo, and 
a part of the adjoining parish of Kiltian See 
Genealogies. Tribet, and Cuttotiu <>f Hy- Fiarh- 
rach, pp. 10, 11, 165, 228. 

P Rop chomain, i. e. Bitctu Sanrli Comani, 



152 cmNata rcioshaclica emeaNN. [1207. 

TTluipcfpeac mac cappjarhna caoipec mumcipe maoilcpionna Do ecc. 

Sloiccheab la mac 111150 De laci co ngallaib mibe -] laijean i ccelac 
nocc. Ro loipcceb cealla, -| apb'anna laip, -| m puce geill naiD fioipf6a 
aoDhae uf neill Don chup pin. 

Sloiccheab lap an luce cceDna i cciannaccaib. Ro loipccpfcc cealla 
cmnnacca uile, "| puccpac buap Oipfmhe. 

QO18 CR1OSO, 1207. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a peachc. 

Cpeach la heiccnfchan ua noomnaill a bffpaibh manach 50 po jabhpac 
bu. Ruccpac pip manach poiplion poppa, -\ po mapbpac Ua Domnaill cij- 
eapna cfpe Conaill, cuip fngnarha, -\ emij an cuiccm ma pfirhrp,i copcpaccap 
Dponj Do paopclarmaib ele i mailli ppipp. Iciac na huaiple Do pocpaccap 
ann, an jpolla piabac mac ceallaij uf baoijill, Donnchab conallac mac 
concobaip maonmaiji, i TTIac^amain mac Dorhnaill miDij uf concobaip -| 
laochpam lomba cenmocdc. 

Oorhnall mac pfp^ail ui puaipc ciccfpna upmoip bpeipre Do ecc. 

TTluipfohac mac RuaiDpi uf Concobaip, -] Qmlaib ua pepjail caoipec 
muinnpe hQnjaile Do ecc. 

Diapmaic ua maoasdm cijeapna pfl nanmcha&a Do ecc. 

Caippi Ruaibpi ui concobaip Rf Connacc Do cabaipc a calmain, ~\ a 
ccup hi pccpfn cloice. 

now the town of Roscommon, which gives name noise record the death of the abbot CaLal 0'M:>- 

to the county. St. Coman's well, called t)aBac lone, a man of great riches and learning. They 

Clio ma in, is still in existence, and lies in a field also contain the following passage relative to the 

to the east of the town, in the townland of town of Ballyloughloe, near Athlone, in the 

Ballypheasant. county of Westrneath, of which town the Four 

q These two passages are rendered, in the old Masters have collected no early notice. " A. D. 

translation of the Annals of Ulster, as follows : 1206. The sons of Art O'Melaghlyn preyed tin: 

"A. D. 1206. An army by Hugh de Lacy to town of Balleloghloe, and burnt part tlinrol V 

Tule Og, and burned Churches and Corne, but were overtaken by Melaghlyn Begg O'Melagh- 

caried neither pledg nor hostage with them for lyn, Sile Crowherfrey Mac Carrhon, and ccr- 

that tyme. An army by de Lacy in Kyanaght, tain English forces, where in pursuitr thut 

burnt many churches, and tooke many cowes." rowtc- of Muathrmm were discomfitted and 

' Under this year the Annals of Clonrnac- to flight, killed Mortagli, or Morrogh, son 



I-J07.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 153 



Murtough Mac Carroon, Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-Sionna, 

An army was led by the son of Hugo de Lacy, and the English of Meuth 

and Leinster, into Tullaghoge (in Tyrone), and burned churches and corn, but 

obtained neither hostages nor pledges of submission from Hugh O'Neill on this 

occasion. 

The same people led another array" into Kienaghta, and burned all the 

i ! lurches of that territory, besides driving off a countless number of cows'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1207. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seven, 

Egneghan O'Donnell set out upon a predatory excursion into Fermanagh, 
and seized upon cows ; but a considerable muster of the men of Fermanagh 
pursued him, and slew O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, tower of the warlike 
prowess and hospitality of the province in his time ; and some others of his 
nobility were slain along with him. The following were the nobles who fell 
on this occasion : Gillareagh, the son ofKellagh O'Boyle; Donough Conallagh, 
the son of Conor Moinmoy ; and Mahon, the son of Donnell Midheach (i. e. 
the Meathian) O'Conor. Many other heroes fell besides these*. 

Donnell, the son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of the greater part of Breifny, 
died. 

Murray, the son of Roderic O'Conor, and Auliffe O'Farrell, Chief of Annaly, 
died. 

Dermot O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died. 

The remains of Roderic O'Conor, King of Connaught, were disinterred, and 
deposited in a stone shrine. 

Melaghlyn Begg, Mortagh mac Donnagh Koyle, O'Donnell in Fermanagh; but the men of Fer- 

and also Morrogh mac Morrogh O'Kelly was managh overtook him with a more numerous 

taken." host than he had, and slew O'Donnell King of 

They also record the death of Robert, son of Tirconnell, till then the tower of valour, hos- 

1 1 ugh Delude, under the same year. pitality, and bravery of the north of Ireland. 

Betide* thete __ This passage is better given Some of his chieftains also fell, viz., Gillareagh, 

in the. Annals of Kilronan. The literal trans- son of Kellagh O'Boyle; Mahon, son of Donnell, 

lation is as follows : the Meathian O'Conor; Donough Conallagh, the 

" A. D. 1207. A prey was taken by Egneghan son of Conor Moinmoy O'Conor, et alii multi 



154 



[1207. 



Cacal cpoibbfpcc 6 Concobai]! Rf Connacc DO lonnapbab Qo6a uf plaic- 
beapcaij q a cpioch t>o cabaipc t>ia mac pfm oGob mac cacail. 

Coccab mop eiccip jallaib laiean pfm .1. eicnp TTlaoilip q Sepppaij; 
mapep, i Uilliam mapupccal ^up milleab laijin, -| pip murhan fcoppa. 

Coccab mop pop eiccip Hugo oe laci -} maoilip, 50 po milleab uile mumcip 
TTlhaoilip. 

Cpfch mop la cacal cappac mac ompmaca mic caibjj, ap copbmac mac 
comalcaij mic Diapmaca, -\ ap ua pploinn Gappa, co puccpac opem Do Con- 
naccaibh paip .1. oiapmaic mac TTlajnupa mic TTluipcfpcaij uf concobaip, ~\ 
copbmac mac comalcaij, Concobap 500 o hfjpa cijfpna luigline, q oonnchab 
ua oubDa cijeapna ua narhatjaba, -| ua ppiachpac 50 po chuippioc cliach- 
a>6 50 po muioh pop cacal cappac, -| 50 po 5aba6 e pfm, "] 50 po oallao, 1 
po mapbab muipjfp a mac, ~\ TTIac Chonjpanna uf plannaccam co pocaibib 
ele. 

Cpeach mop la TTlaoilip occ, -j la DTiuipcfpcac ua mbpiam, -| la coipp- 



nobiles, et ignobilet, cum eis occisi sunt. The son 
of Mac Mahon, the men of Fermanagh, and the 
Oriels cictores fuerunt" 

1 Geoffrey, Mares, and William Mareschal. 
The former is generally called Geffry de Marisco, 
or De Mariscis, by English writers. See Han- 
mer's Chronicle, Dublin Edit, of 1809, pp- 382- 
385. He -was made Gustos or Governor of Ire- 
land in 1216, and Lord Justice in 1226. See 
Harris's Ware, vol. ii. p. 103. William Mares- 
chal, or Marshal, was Earl of Pembroke, and 
Prince of Leinster in Ireland, in right of his 
wife, the granddaughter of Dermot Mac Mur- 
rough See Hanmer's Chronicle, Dublin Edit, 
of 1809, p. 343, et tequen. 

u These passages are thus given in the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan : 
" A. D. 1207. There arose great warrs in Lyn- 
ster between the Englishmen there, viz 1 , between 
Meyler and Geffry March, and also William 
Mareschall, which soone brought all Lynster and 
Munster to utter destruction. 

" There arose also the like contention and 



strife between Meyler and Hugh Delacie, that 
between the said partys the land ofFohartif< 
was wasted, preyed, and destroyed." 

T Cathal This passage is given more fully in 
the Annals of Kilronan, but under the year 1 208, 
as follows: "A.D. 1208. Cathal, son of Der- 
mot, son of Teige O'Mulrony, King of Moylurg, 
was taken prisoner by Cathal Crovderg in vio- 
lation of the guarantee of the bishops who were 
securities between them, namely, Ardgal O'Con- 
nor, Murray O'Duffy, Clement O'Sneyey. He 
was, however, set at liberty, through the guaran- 
tee of those bishops, without giving a hostage or 
pledge. After this he went out of the country 
and took a great prey, which he drove on as far 
as Lough Macnean. A week afterwards he srt 
out on a predatory excursion into Tir-Oiliolla 
[Tirerrill], and drove off a prey into the Cur- 
lieus, and over the Curlieus into Moylurg. A 
great force overtook him here, namely, Dermot, 
son of Manus, son of Turlotigh O'Conor; Manus, 
son of Murtough, son of Turlough O'Conor : 
Connac, son of Tomaltngh of the Rock ; Murray, 



iarr.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



155 



Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, King of Connaught, expelled Hugh O'Flaherty, 
and gave his territory to his own son, Hugh O Conor. 

A great war broke out among the English of Leinster; i. e. between Meyler, 
Geoffrey, Mares, and William MareschaT. Leinster and Munstcr suffered se- 
verely from them. 

Another great war broke out between Hugo do Lacy and Meyler ; and the 
ivsult was, that nearly all Meyler's people were ruined". 

Cathal' Carragh, son of Dermot, who was son of Teige [O'Mulrony], took 
a great prey from Connac, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, and O'Flynn of the 
Cataract", but was overtaken by some of the Connacians, namely, Dermot, son 
ofManus, who was son of Murtough* O'Conor; Connac, son of Tomaltagh; 
Cqjior God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny; and Donough O'Dowda, Lord of Tirawley 
and Tireragh ; and a battle ensued, in which Cathal Carragh was defeated. 
Hi was taken prisoner, and blinded; and his son, Maurice, with the son of 
Cugranna O'Flanagan, and many others, were killed (in the battle). 

Meyler Oge, Murtough O'Brien, and Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor, 



son of Tomaltagh of the Rock ; Donslevy, son of 
Kory O'Gara, Lord of Sliabh Lugha; Flaherty 
O'Flanagan, Chief of Clann Cuhill ; and Gilla- 
na-nech O'Monahan, King of Hy-Briuin ua 
Sinna. When his Breifnian archers perceived 
that they were overtaken by this great force, 
they fled as soon as they had crossed Lee Da- 
inhaighc, and Mac Dermot, being left accompanied 
by his own followers only, he was rushed upon, 
and his son Maurice, and many others of his 
people, were slain, and he was himself at length 
taken prisoner, and his people routed. When 
this great force had dispersed, the counsel which 
the sons of Tomaltagh of the Rock adopted wma, 
to put out Mac Dermot's eyes, and this was ac- 
cordingly done." 

I'mlcr this year the Annals of Ulster and 
"!' Kilronuii record a battle between the son of 
Kandal jlac Sorlry and the men of Skye [Sciadh], 
in which a countless multitude were slaughtered. 
- t'tttaract, i. e. of 6apui plamn, or As- 



sylyn This was the name of a small cataract, 
now nearly removed by the wearing down of the 
rock, on the River Boyle, about one mile to the 
west of the town of Boyle. There was an ancient 
church on the north side of the river, opposite 
this cataract, originally called Cap Dachonna, 
Le. St. Dachonna's cataract, and 6op mic n-eipc, 
Le. the cataract of the son of Ere, that being the 
saint's patronymic name, from his father Ere ; 
but in later ages, Gar- Ui phlomn, OTlynn's 
cataract, from the family of O'Flynn, who were 
the hereditary Erenaghs, or wardens, of the 
church, and the coniharbas of St. Dachonna. 
See note under the year 1209. 

* Dermot, ton of Mount, *ko vat ton qf Mttr- 
tough This Murtough O'Conor was the cele- 
brated Muircheartach Muimhneach, or the Mo- 
monian, the eleventh son of Turlough More 
O'Conor, monarch of Ireland, and the ancestor 
of that warlike clan of the O'Conon. called 
Clann-Muirchetrtaigh. 



156 



[1208. 



Dealbac mac Ruaibpi uf Concobaip i ccfp piacpac ai&ne co po aipccpioe 
cuicc baile 6ecc. 

Cacal mac Rnampi mac an cpionoaij uf carapnaij cijeapna cfcba DO 
ecc. 

SluaiccheaD la macaib flugo DC laci, ~\ la jallaib mibe 50 caiplen ara 
an upcaip 50 pabaccup peccmain pop mfp ace popbaipi paip 50 po paccbaD 
an caiplen leo, ) cpioca ceo pfpcceall, -] 50 hionnapbab ITiaoilip ap in cfp. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1208. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo a hochc. 

OauiD bpfcnac eppcop puipc Caipjje Do mapbaoh la hUa bpaolam Dona 
Deipibh. 



* Fifteen baffys, cuicc baile oe'cc. A bally 
was at this period, the thirtieth part of a triocha 
ced, or barony. 

1 Teffia, cearBa This was anciently a large 
territory, comprising, according to several ancient 
Irish and Anglo-Irish authorities, about the 
western half of the present county of West- 
meath. It appears from various ancient autho- 
rities that it comprised the following baronies : 
1. The baftny of Rathconrath ; 2. That pert of 
the barony of Magheradernon, lying to the west 
of the River Brosnagh, and of the lakes of Lough 
Oul and Lough Ennell ; 3. The barony of Cuircne, 
now Kilkenny West ; 4. The barony of Brawney ; 
5. Clonlonan (into which the O'Melaghlins were 
afterwards driven), with that part of it which 
was added to the King's County, by the procure- 
ment of the celebrated Terence Coghlan ; and 6. 
The barony of Kilcoursey in the King's County. 
See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 85, where 
it is stated that the lands assigned to the Tuites, 
Petits, and Daltons were in Teffia. 

In the fourth century the southern half of 
this territory of Teffia was granted by the Mo- 
narch Niall of the Nine Hostages, to his son 
Maine, from whom it is sometimes, but not fre- 



quently, called Tir-Maine of Meath, and among 
whose descendants it was afterwards subdivided 
into petty territories, the lords of which were 
tributary to the archchief, who was looked upon 
as the representative of Maine, though not 
always of the senior branch of his descendants. 
North Teffia was divided from South Teffia by 
the River Eithne, now the Inny, and was granted 
in the fourth century to Carbry, the brother of 
Maine. This territory is frequently called Cair- 
bre Gabhra in the old Irish authorities, but for 
many centuries before the English invasion, 
North Teffia was the principality of the O'Far- 
rells, who gave it their tribe name of Anghiiile, 
or South Conmaicue. 

South Teffia was subdivided into the follow- 
ing lordships or chieftainrios, viz. : 1. Breach - 
mhaine, now Brawney, the lordship of O'Brecn ; 
2. Machaire Chuircne, which was originally the 
lordship of O'Tolairg, but was in the possession 
of the Dillons from the period of the Anglo- Nor- 
man invasion till the seventeenth century; 3. 
Calry-au-chala, and sometimes Calry-TeafFa, the 
lordship of Magawly, now the parish of Bally- 
loughloe; Muintir Tadhgain, the lordship of the 
Fox, or O'Caharny, now the barony of Kil- 



1208.] 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINCDnM OF IRKI.AM). 



157 



made a predatory incursion into Tir-Fachrach Aidhnc, and plundered fifteeu 
ballys" (townlands). 

Cathal, son of Rory, who was son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) O'Caharny, 
Lord of TeffiV, died. 

The sons of Hugo de Lacy and the English of Meath marched to the castle 
of Athnurcher [now Ardnurcher], and continued to besiege it for five weeks, 
when it was surrendered to them, as was also the territory of Fircal*; and Meyler 
was banished from the country". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1208. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eight. 

David Breathnach (Walsh), Bishop of Waterford , was slain by O'Faelan of 
the Dcsies. 



coursey, in the King's County; 5. Corca Adaim, 
or Corca Adain, now in all probability the ba- 
rony of Magheradernon. 

*Fircal, Peapa Ceall, was, as already shewn, 
a territory in the south of ancient Meath, com- 
prising the present baronies of Bally cowen, Bal- 
lyboy, and Fircall, or Eglish, in the King's 
County. 

b Under this year the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
have the following entries, altogether omitted 
by the Four Masters: 

" A. D. 1207. The English of Meath and 
Lynster, with their forces, went to Killaloe to 
huild a castle, near the Borowe [6*al 6opuriia], 
and were frustrated of their purpose, did neither 
castle nor other thing worthy of memory, but 
lost some men and horses in their journey, and 
-< returned to their houses back again. 

Mnriertagh mac Bryen an Tleyve besieged 
tin- castle of Byrre, and at last burnt the whole 
town. 

" The castle of Athroynny, in Lease [Bally- 
roane, in the Queen's County], was spoyled 
altogether by the said .Mortagh and the sons of 



O'Connor of Connought" [who] " slewe many 
of the inhabitants, and after taking away all the 
cowes, sheep, harnesses, and other things therein, 
they burnt the town. 

" The Castle of Kinnetty, the Castle of Byrre, 
and the Castle of Lothra, were broken downe 
and quite destroyed by the said Mortagh 
O'Bryen." 

Under this year, also, the Dublin copy of tht- 
Annals of Innisfallen state, that the churches of 
Tigh Damhnad [Tedavnet], Kilmurrigan, and 
Clones" [in Ulster], " were burned by Hugo de 
Lacy. 

8 Waterford, Pope laipje. Port Laiiv i- 
the present Irish name of the city of Waterford. 
See note ' under the year 1 174, p. la Neither 
Ware nor Harris has any notice of this David 
as a bishop. See Harris's edition of Ware's 
Bishops, under O'Heda, and Robert of Bedford, 
pp. 551, 552. His name does not occur in any 
of the Irish annals known to the Editor, except 
Mageogbegmn's translation of the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise, in which his death is noticed as fol- 
lows: " A.D. 1207. David Breathnagh, Busfaopp 



158 QNNaca Rio^hachca emeawN. [1208. 

CpeachploiccheaD la hQooh Ua neill i ninip Gojjain. Rucc ua Dorhnaill 
.1. Dorhnall mop cona pocpaicce paip, T?o cuipfo cairiopjail fcoppa in po 
mapbaD ap Dipimhe ap jach lee. Copcaip ip in maiDm pin oomnall mac 
mupchaba, ) ap aobal DO cenel Gojain imaille ppipp. Copcpaccap i pppioc- 
juin an rhaoma Cacb'app o Dorhnaill, pfpjal ua baoijill, Copbmac Ua Dorh- 
naill, DauiD ua Oocapcaij, ~\ Dpfm Do maiab cenel cconaill cenmocdcc. l?o 
ppaoineaD po ofoiD cpe nfpc lommbualca pop cenel neoghain. 

Sluaiccheao la hUa nDorhnaill (Oorhnall mop) pop cenel neojain, i pop 
QOD ua neill 50 puce pop cpfcaib -\ bpaijDib an cipe gup pnabmab pfoh 
eiccip Ua nDorhnaill -\ Ua neill, ~| po naiDmpior a ccapaccpaoh ppiapoile 
i nacchaiD gall -\ gaoiDeal no cuippeaD ina najhaib. 

Ouibmnpi ma5 afnjupa ciccfpna clomnehQoDa ua neachDac DO mapbaD 
la mac Duinnpleibe uf GochaDa. 

pinjin mac Diapmaca mic copbmaic meg cdpcaij Do mapbaD la a 
bpaicpib pfipm. 

Ualjapcc ua puaipc Do cop a cigfpnap pfp mbpeipne, -| Qpc mac Dorh- 
naill mic pepjail Do jabail a lonaiD a hucc jail. 

lohannep epipcopup nopbup Do cop Do l?ij Sa^ran i nGpinn Dm bfir ina 
lupcip innce, -] Saprom DfpcoiccionnucchaD la corhapba pfccaip poDaij an 
eppcoip DO cop cum coccaD i nepinn, 50 mbaccap Sa^ain jan aipppionn gan 
baipccfo gan ongaD, jan aDnacal macecca ppi pe cpf mbliaDhan. 

of Waterford, was killed by O'Foylan of the gennis of only a portion of it called Claim 

Desies." Breathnach, as a family name, is now Aedha. 

always anglicised Walsh. Waterford was made e Fineen, F' n 5 In This name, which is very 

an episcopal see in 1096, and united to the see of common in the family of Mac Carthy, signifies 

Lismore in 1 363. See Harris's Ware, vol. i. p. the fair offspring. It is Latinized Florentius by 

533 ; and Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of O'Sullevan Beare, throughout his History of the 

Ireland, vol. iv. pp. 15, 16, 45. Irish Catholics, and now always anglicised Flo- 

d David CPDoherty He is the ancestor of the rence. The name Finnen is translated Albinus 

family of Mac Devitt, now so numerous in the by Colgan See his Acta Sanctorum, p. 353, 

barony of Inishowen. note 3. 

' Duvinnsi, ouiBmnp This name signifies h Ualgarg, ualjapcc This name, which was 

the black, or black-haired man, of the island. very common among the family of O'Rourke, 

f Iveaffk, Ui eacoach The name of two is now obsolete, as the Christian or baptismal 

baronies in the county of Down. At this time name of a man ; but is preserved in the fa- 

O'Haughey was Chief of all Iveagh, and Ma- mily of Magoalric, a collateral branch of the 



l-jifi.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. l. 

A prey was taken by Hugh O'Neill in Inishowen. O'Donnell (Donnell 
More) overtook him with his forces ; and a battle was fought between them, 
in which countless numbers were slaughtered on both sides. In this battle 
fell Donnell Mac Murrough, and a great number of the Kinel-Owen with him. 
In tin- heat of this conflict fell also Cafiar O'Donnell, Farrell O'Boyle, Cormac 
O'Dumull, D:ivid O'Doherty d , and other chiefs of the Kinel-Connell. The 
Kiiirl-Connell were at length routed by dint of fighting. 

An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) against Hugh O'Neill and 
the Kinel-Owen; and he seized upon the spoils and hostages of the country. 
A peace, however, was afterwards concluded between O'Neill and O'Donnell, 
who entered into an alliance to assist each other against such of the English or 
Irish as should oppose them. 

Duvinnsi* Magennis, Lord of Clann-Aodha, in Iveagh' , was slain by the son 
of Douslevy O'Haughy. 

Fineen', son of Dermot, son of Cormac Mac Carthy, was slain by his own 
brothers. 

Ualgarg" O'Rourke was deprived of the lordship of Breifny ; and Art, son 
of Donnell, who was son of Farrell, assumed his place through the influence of 
the English. 

John, Bishop of Norwich 1 , was sent by the King of England into Ireland as 
Lord Justice; and the English were excommunicated by the successor of 
St Peter for sending the Bishop to carry on war in Ireland; so that the English 
were without mass, baptism, extreme unction, or lawful interment, for a period 
of three years. 

< )'K.urkes, now very numerous in the county wrote him a sharp letter, upbraiding him with 

of Leitrini. It is derived from uaill, pride, and his unjust proceedings, which caused His Holi- 

yapj;, fierce. new to lay the whole kingdom under an in- 

1 John, Dithop ofNorvich, Johanna Epitcopus terdict. This event is stated as follows in 

Norbiu His name was John de Gray. He was Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 

chosen by King John's recommendation to the Clonmacnoise, under the year 1207 : 'An Eng- 

archbishopric of Canterbury in 1205 ; but Pope lish Bushop was tent over into this land, by the 

Innoci-nt III. refused to confirm his election, King of England, to govern the land as Deputk- 

and procured the election of Cardinal Stephen thereof: he was Bushop of Norway [Norwich], 

Langton, an Englishman then at Rome, in his and was Excommunicated by the Pope, together 

place, and consecrated him with his own hands, with all Englishmen in England, which Excom- 

The King, enraged at this conduct of the Pope, munication hung over them for the space of two 



160 



[1209. 



TTluipcfpcac mac oorhncnll ui bpiain nccfpna cuaomurhan Do jabdil la 
b lunnnigh cop papiiccao cpf neppcop cpe popdil 6onnchai6 caipbpij 
a Dfpbparap pfin. 

Ompmaicc ua caomdrn raoipec o cuaini Da bobap 50 gteoip Do ecc. 
Qrfilaib ua Rocldin caoipec calpaije cuile cfpnacan Do mapbao la hua 
TTlopain. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1209. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a naoi. 

Cele ua oubcaigh eppcop TTlaije eo na Sapan, pollacpipc ua ceapnaij 
comopba cormepe, -\ plaicbfpcach ua plainn comapba Daconna eapa mic 
neipc DO ecc. 



or three years, in so much that their churches did 
not use the Sacraments dureing the said space." 
Hanmer says that this excommunication ex- 
tended to Ireland also ; but he should have said, 

to the English in Ireland See his Chronicle, 

Dublin Edition of 1809, pp. 373, 377. 

k This passage is rendered as follows in Ma- 
geoghegan's translation of the Annals of Clon- 
macnoise : " A. D. 1 207. Mortagh mac Donnell 
O'Bryen, prince of Thomond, was taken by the 
Englishmen of Lymbrick against the wills of 
three Bushopps, by the procurement of his 
own brother Donnagh Carbreagh mac Donuell 
O'Bryen." 

1 O'Keevan, ua caotham, ^ow sometimes 
anglicised Kavanagh, but totally different from 
the Kavanaghs of Leiuster. The Counaught 
Kavanaghs are yet numerous in the district 
here mentioned, but they have all dwindled 
into peasants, or small farmers See Tribes, $c. 
o/Hy-Fiachrach, pp. 109, 167, 248, 350. 

01 From Toomore to Gleoir. Tuaim-da-bho- 
dliar is now anglicised Toomwe. It is the 
name of an old church and parish near the 
River Moy, in the barony of Gallon and county 
of Mayo See Tribes, Sfc. of Hy-Fiachrath, 
printed for the Archaeological Society in 1844, 



p. 242, note , and map prefixed to the same 
work. According to a tradition in the county of 
Sligo, Gleoir was the ancient name of the river 
now called the Culleen or Leafony river, which 
takes its rise to the south of Tawnalaghta town- 
land, in the parish of Kilglass, and barony of 
Tireragh, and running northwards, empties 
itself into the sea at Pollacheeny, in Cabrakeel 
townland. From the position of this river, and 
the old church of Toomore, or Toomour, it is 
quite clear that the O'Caomhains possessed, or at 
least were the head chiefs of all the territory of 
Coolcarney, and the western portion of the ba- 
rony of Tireragh, verging on the River Moy, 
near its mouth, and that their territory com- 
prised the parishes of Toomore, AttymahS, and 
Kilgarvan, in the county of Mayo, and the pa- 
rish of Kilglass, in the county of Sligo. See 
Map prefixed to Tribes, Genealogies, and Ctts- 
taiits of Hy-Fiachrach, printed for the Irish Ar- 
chtcological Society in 1844. 

n O'Rothlain, now pronounced by the Irish in 
the county of Sligo 'as if written O'Roithleain, 
and incorrectly anglicised Rotcley. It might be 
more analogically anglicised liollin, which would 
sound better. For the extent of the territory 
of this tribe of the Calry, see note under Cool- 



1*1.).} 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



161 



Murtough, the son of Donnell O'Brien, Lord of Thomond, was taken pri- 
soner by the English of Limerick, in violation of the guarantee of three bishops, 
and by order of his own brother, Donough Cairbreach*. 

Dennot O'Keevan 1 , Lord of that tract of country extending from Toomore 
to Gleoir" 1 , died. 

Auliilb O'Kothlain", Chief of Calry of Coolcarney, was slain by 0'Moran J . 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1209. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred nine. 

Kele O'Duffy", Bishop of Mayo" of the Saxons; Gilchreest O'Keamey, Coarb 
(Bishop) of Connor'; and Flaherty O'Flynn, Coarb of Dachonna' of Eas-mic 
n-Eirc [Assylyn], died. 



carney, at the year 1225 See also Tribes, dfc, 
of Py-Fiachrack, printed for the Irish Archte- 
ological Society in 1844, pp. 167, 423. 

G'Moran, He had his seat at Ardnarea, on 
the east side of the River Moy, at Ballina-Ti- 
rawley, and his territory extended thence to 
Toomore. See Tribes, Genealogies, and Customs 
of Hy-Fiackrack, pp. 167, 245. 

" Kele O'Duffy.He is called Celestin, or 
Cele O'Dubhai, in Harris's edition of Ware's 
Bishops,, p. 602. 

q Mayo, inajj eo, translated by Colgan, cam- 
pus quercuum, the plain of the oaks, though it 
more probably means plain of the yewt. This 
place, which contained a monastery and a ca- 
thedral, was founded by St. Colman, an Irish- 
man, who had been bishop of Lindisfarne, in 
tin- north of England, and who, returning to 
his native country in the year 664, purchased 
from a chieftain part of an estate on which 
he erected the monastery of Maigeo, in which 
he placed about thirty English monks, whom 
he had taken with him from Lindisfarne, and 
whom he had first i-tal>li-lifl.>ii Inis BoFinne. 
Ussher states (Primordia, p. I/G4) that the see 



of Mayo was annexed toTuam in 1559, and that 
Eugenius Mac Brehoan was the last Bishop of 
Mayo. See also O'Flaherty's Oyyaia, part L c. 1 ; 
Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 602 ; and 
Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, voL 
iii. p. 79- 

' Connor, conneipe, now a small town in the 
barony and county of Antrim. Until the year 
1442 it was the head of a bishop's see, founded 
by Mac Nise, who died in the year 507. See 
Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, p. 190 ; and Harris's 
Ware, vol. L p. 218. It was united to the Me 
of Down in the year 1442. In the old Irish 
Annals, and other documents, the Bishop of 
Down is often called the Bishop of Uladh, or Dal 
Araidhe, while the Bishop of Connor, is always 
called after his cathedral church. Immediately 
before the English invasion, the territory of Dal 
Araidhe, comprising the diocese of Down, was 
possessed by Mac Donalevy, and Hy-Tuirtrc and 
Firlee, comprising the diocese of Connor, by 
O'Lynn. See note , under the year 1171. 
p. 13. 

' DatJtonna, In the Irish Calendar of the 
O'Clerys, at the 8th of March, he is styled 



102 



GIRGCINN. 



[1209. 



Qpc mac Domnaill mic pfjijail ui T?uaipc cijeapna bpeipne Do mapbaD 
la copbmac mac aipc uf maoilfchlainn, i la copbmac mac aipc uf puaipc, 
1 ualgapcc ua Ruaipc DO jabail ciccfpnaip ma biaioh. 

OonnchaD ua pfpjail ciccfpna na hanjaile DO ecc. 

T?i Sa^an Do cecc i nepinn peace cceo long. 1p ann po jjabpac in ach- 
cliac. 6aoi achaib ainnpein ace legaD pccipi na mapa De lap ccoppachcam 



Mochonna Mac Eire, Abbot of Eas-mic nEirc, in 
the county of Eescommon ; and in the Feilire 
Aenguis, at the same day, the place is distinctly 
called cap mic nGipc, i. e. the cataract of the 
son of Eire, i. e. of Dachonna. Ear- mic nGipc, 
now Gap ui phlom, an old church about one 
mile to the west of the town of Boyle. Colgan, 
and after him Lanigan, confounds this with the 
great Abbey of Boyle. The Editor has adduced 
various evidences to shew that Eas mic n-Eirc 
is not the great Abbey of Boyle, in a letter, de- 
scribing the localities in the neighbourhood of 
Lough Key, written at Boyle, July 23, 1837, 
and now preserved at the Ordnance Survey 
Office, Phoenix Park. In this he has proved 
that Gap mic nipc was the ancient name of 
the present Assylyn, and Or oa laupj that 
of the great Abbey of Boyle, and that Gap mic 
nSipc was also often called Gap Oachonna, 
from St. Dachonna, otherwise ITlochonna mac 
nSipc, the patron saint of the place. See note 
under the year 1463. 

c Seven hundred ships, peace cc6t> lonj. 
The Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster has 
the same number : " A. D. 1210. Ri Sqiun oo 
raioece i n-Gpinn co lonj^aip Diapmioe .1. occ. 
long. The King of England came to Ireland 
with a great fleet, i. e. seven hundred ships." 
The exact number of ships brought by King 
John to Ireland is not stated in any other of 
the Irish Annals. In the Annals of Kilronan 
his fleet is styled lomgepp aooal, " a prodi- 
gious fleet," at the year 1209 ; and coblac mop, 
" a great fleet," at 1210. In the old translation 



of the Annals of Ulster, the entry is given briefly 
as follows, without mentioning the number of 
ships : " A. D. 1209. The King of England came 
to Ireland with a great navy." In the Annals of 
Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, 
the account of the acts of King John in Ireland 
is entered as follows under the year 1209. 

"A. D. 1209. The King of England, with a 
great Company of men and ships, came into 
Ireland, and landed at Dublin, came from thence 
to Tibreydultan, called Ardbreackan, in Meath, 
where Cahall Crovederg O'Connor came to the 
King's house, banished Walter Delacie out of 
Meath into England, whereupon the King and 
O'Connor, with his Fleett, departed, and went 
to Carrickfergus, and banished Hugh Delacit- 
from out of Ulster into England. 

" O'Neal came then to the King of England's 
house and departed from him again, without 
hostages or securitie : O'Connor return'd to 
his own house from thence [and] the King of 
England lay siege to Carrickfiergus, and com- 
pelled the Warde to leave the same, and did 
put a strong ward of his own in the same, and 
from thence the King came to Rathwry, or 
Kathgwayrie, [where] O'Connor came again 
to the King's house and yealded him four hos- 
tages, viz 1 . Connor God O'llara, prince of 
Lawyne in Connought, Dermott mac Connor 
O'Moyleronie, Ffyn O'Carmackan, chieftaine of 
Klyn Kelly, and Torvean mac Gollgoyle. The 
King of England went soon after for England, 
and conveighed his [these] hostages with him." 

It is given in the Annals of Kilronan as fol- 






120!).] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



Art, son of Donnell, who was son of Farrell O'Rourke, Lord of Hn-ifny, 
was slain by Connac, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, and Cormac, the son of Art 
O'Rourke; and Ualgarg O'Rourke assumed the lordship as his successor. 

Donough O'Farrell, Lord of Annaly, died. 

The King of England came to Ireland with seven hundred ships', and landi-d 
at Dublin, where he remained until he had recruited himself after the fatigues 



lows, under the year 1210, which seems the 
true Connaught account of the event. 

" A. D. 1210. Johannes, the son of Fitz- 
Empress, King of England, came to Ireland 
with a great fleet this year. On his arrival he 
It-vied a great army of the men of Ireland, to 
inarch them to Ulster, to take Hugh De Lacy, 
or banish him from Ireland, and to take Carrick- 
fergus. Hugh departed from Ireland, and those 
who were guarding Carrickfergus left it and 
came to the King, and the King left a garrison 
of his own there. He afterwards dispatched a 
fleet of his people to the Isle of Mann, who 
plundered the island, and killed many of its in- 
habitants. Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, King of 
Connaught, and his Connacian forces, were on 
tliis r\|H'ilitii>n. On their arrival in the north, 
the King of England had told the King of Con- 
naught to return to him at the expiration of a 
fortnight, and the latter promised that he would 
do so, and bring his son Hugh O'Conor with 
him to be delivered up as a hostage. This, 
however, tin- King did not require; but he 
raid, ' Bring him, that he may receive a chart. -r 
for the third part of Connaught.' But when 
O'Conor returned home, the advice which he 
and his wife and people adopted was, the worst 
that could be, not to bring his son to the 
King. However, O'Conor repaired to the King 
of England, and as he did not bring his own 
son, the king obtained the following person* 
in his stead, viz., Dermot, son of Conor Mac 
Dermot, King of Moylurg ; Conor O'Hara, King 
of Leyny in Connaught ; Finn O'Cannacan, a 



servant of trust to O'Conor ; and Torbert, son 
of the King of the Gall-Gaels, one of O'Conor's 
lawgivers (peactuipio). The King of England 
then returned, and brought these chieftains with 
him into England. He left the chief govern- 
ment of Ireland to the English bishop, and told 
him to build three castles in Connaught The 
English bishop soon after raised an army in 
Mi-nth and Leinster, and marched to Athlone, 
and there erected a bridge across the ford, and a 
castle on the site of O'Conor's castle." 

In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 
fallen, a somewhat different account of King 
John's actions in Ireland is entered under the 
year 1211, which the Editor is tempted to insert 
here ; for, although he has some suspicions of its 
authenticity, he thinks that the compiler had 
original documents which are now lost, or, at 
least, not preserved in Ireland. 

"A. D. 1211" [rwfe 1210]. "John, King 
of England, with a large fleet and a numerous 
army, set sail for Ireland, and landed at Water- 
ford. Thither Donough Cairbreach, the son of 
Donnell More O'Brien, repaired, to make his 
submission to him, and received a charter fur 
Carrigogonnell, and the lordship thereunto be- . 
longing, for which he was to pay a yearly rent 
of sixty marks. 

" Cathal Crovderg, the son of Turluugh More 
O'Conor, King of Connaught, repaired with a 
great body of troops to make his obeisance unto 
him. 

' King John proceeded from Watcrford to 
Dublin, with the intention of banishing from 

2 



164 



[1209. 



Do, i canaic o achcliac 50 eioppaicr ullcain i miohe. Do comh Caral 
cpoibofpcc 6 Concobaip ma cfch. T?o hionnapbab ualcpa De laci ap in 
inibe hi Sa^ain. Do coio laparh an l?i -| na moire bai ma pappab 50 cappaic 
pfpjjupa co po biocuip hugo De laci a bullcaib hi Sajcain. Qooh 6 neill Do 
bol po ro^aipm an l?ij -| a reacc pop cculaib ^an jpallaoh. Qn T?i t>o 
bfic i bpopbaipi pop an ccappaicc co po paccbaoh 06 i, -| cucc a mumcip 
pfm nince. Uanaicc 6 concob'aip laporh Dia nj bu6 tfin. 

Oo coiDh laporii T?i Sapran 50 paich nguaipe, -| canaicc ua concobaip 
Dopibipi Dia poijhib, -\ po bai an T?i ace lappaib a rheic ap ua cconcob'aip 
DO jiall ppi corhall Do. Ni cnpo ua concobaip a mac ua6a, ace Do paD 
cfcpap Dia mumcip Dia cionn, .1. Concobap 500 6 hfjpa cijeapna luijne, -| 
piapmaic mac concobaip ui ITlaoitpiianaiD cijeapna muiji luipcc, pionn ua 
capmacam, ~| coipbeanD mac pij jallsaoi&el Do afp jpaba ui concobaip, i 
DO COID an l?i 50 Sa^ain, i puce na bpaijDe pin laip. 



Ireland Walter de Lacy (who afterwards passed 
into France). The King inarched from Dublin 
into Meath, and dispatched a large fleet north- 
wards to a fortress of the English called Carling- 
ford, to command the sons of Hugh de Lacy, 
viz., Walter, Lord of Meath, and Hugh, Earl of 
Ulster, and then Lord Deputy of Ireland, to 
appear before him to answer for the death of the 
valiant knight, John de Courcy" [Lord of Ea- 

thenny and Kilbarrock Grace], " who was 

treacherously slain by them, and to answer to 
such questions as should be asked of them, for 
their apparent ill conduct. When Hugh de 
Lacy had discovered that the King was going 
to the north, he burned his own castles in Ma- 
. chaire Conaille, and in Cuailgne, before the 
King's eyes, and also the castles which had been 
erected by the Earl of Ulster and he men of 
Oriel, and he himself fled to Carrickfergus, leav- 
ing the chiefs of his people burning, levelling, 
and destroying the castles of the country, and, 
dreading the fury of the King, he himself went 
over the sea. 

" Whtm the King saw this disrespect offered 



him, he marched from Drogheda to Carlingford, 
where he made a bridge of his ships, across the 
harbour, by which he landed some of his troops 
on the other side, and proceeded thence to t'ar- 
rickfergus, partly by sea and partly by land, 
and laid siege to the castle, which he took." 

According to the Itinerary of King John, by 
the accurate and trustworthy T. D. Hardy, Es<].. 
the King was at Crook, near Waterford, on the 
20th of June, 1210, and was on his return, at 
Fishguard, on the 26th of August, the same 
year. For an account of his movements in Ire- 
land at this period, the reader is referred to the 
Rev. Mr. Butler's curious work on the History 
of the Castle of Trim. 

Hanmer, Cox, and Leland, assert that O'Neill 
submitted to King John on this occasion ; but, 
if we believe the Irish accounts, he refused to 
give him hostages. 

u Tiopraid UUtain, i. e. St. Ulltan's wll. 
There was a place so called in Westmeath in 
Colgan's time See his Acta Sanctorum, p. 2-42, 
note 25 ; and Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History of 
Ireland, vol. iii. p. 52. There is a holy well 



1209.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



L65 



of his voyage, and then set out for Tioprait Ulltain" in Meath, where Cathal 
Crovderg O'Conor came into his house [i. e. made his submission to him}. \l< 
banished Walter de Lacy to England, and then proceeded, with his nobles, to 
Carrickfergus, whence he also banished Hugo de Lacy to England. Hugh 
O'Neill repaired hither at the King's summons, but returned home without 
giving him hostages. The King besieged Carrick until it surrendered, and he 
placed his own people in it. O'Conor then returned home. 

The King of England then went to Rathguaire", whither O'Conor repaired 
again to meet him; and the King requested O'Conor to deliver him up his son, 
to be kept as a hostage. O'Conor did not give him his son, but delivered up 
four of his people instead, namely, Conor God O'Hara, Lord of Leyny; Dermot, 
son of Conor O'Mulrony, Lord of Moylurg ; Finn O'Cannacan ; and Torvenn, 
son of the King of the Gall-Gaels", one of O'Conor's servants of trust. The 
King then returned to England, bringing these hostages with him. 



called Tobar Ulltain in the townland of Bally- 
imskea, near the old church of Rathcore in 
Meath. See Ordnance Map of Meath, sheet 48 ; 
and there is also a townland called Tobar Ulltain 
in the parish of Killinkere, in the barony of 
Cast lerahun, and county of Cavan, and not far 
from the boundary of the county of Meath. 
This townland contains a holy well dedicated to 
^' I'lltan, which was formerly visited by pil- 
grims; but it is more than probable that Ma- 
geoghegan is right in making the Tobar Ulltain, 
\ iMi.'d l>y King John on this occasion, another 
name for Ardbraccan., See p. 162, supra. 

" Itathguaire is so culled by those who speak 
Irish at the present day, but anglicised Rath- 
//!. It lies in thu parish of Killucan, in the 
east of the county of Westmeath, and about 
tlini: mill's north north-west of Kinnegad. 
Sec Circuit of Ireland Inj Miiircheartack Mae 
A'eiU, published by the Irish Archasological So- 
ciety iu 1841, p. 4!l, note 151. The castle of 
Kathwin- is thu> described by Sir Henry Piers 
iu 16S2, in his Chorographical Description of 
the County of \VrMiin-utli : " Kathwire is the 



first place of note that presents itself to OUT 
view, and that at a distance, if you come from 
the east, situate in the barony of Farbill, on a 
high rising ground, built as of design not 
to overlook, but to awe the whole country ; 
founded (as tradition goes) by Sir Hugh deLacy, 
who was one of the first English conquer* i -. 
and fixed in this country in or very near the 
reign of Henry the Second. It seems, by what 
to this day remains of the ruins, to have been a 
strong, well-built fort, for the manner of build- 
ing at that time capacious and of good receipt ; 
now only remain some portions of the out wall* 
and heaps of rubbish." Collectanea de Rebut 
Hibernicif, p. 61. See also a notice of this place 
at the year 1450, where it is mentioned that 
this town was plundered and burned by Ma- 
geoghegan. There is scarcely a vestige of it n> ,\\ 
remaining. 

* Gatt-Gaeb. Of this people O'Flaluvty 
writes aa follows: " Gallgaidelio* vero exist inm 
Gaidelios insulas Britannic adjacent*-* turn in- 
colcntes, Nam Donalduni filium Thadci O Brian, 
quern Anno Christi 1075 Mannue, ac Iiuularuni 



166 dNNata Rio^hachca eiReaNR [1210. 

QOIS CR10SO, 1210. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a Deich. 

^oill Do ceacc co caoluipcce. Qo6 6 neill, -\ Domnall ua Domnaill Do 
cionol cuca 50 po roapbaic leo na goill im henpi mbecc. 17o pomnpioc a 
nionnmupa, ~\ a neodla pop na plojaibh. 

Coippoelbach mac Ruaibpi ui concobaip Do benam cpece i minj luipcc, 
1 puce Ifip ip in Sejaip i Do paijhib oiapmara a bpacap. Luib Qoo mac 
cacail ina Deaohaib co nDeachaib coippoelbac ip in cuaipceapc ap ceicheb 
poimhe. 

bpaishoe Connachc Do coibecc i nepinn, concobap 500 o hfjpa cijeapna 
luighne, i Diapmaic mac concobaip ui maoilpuanaib, pionD ua capmacam, 
1 aipeaccach mac DonnchaiD. 

TTluipcfpcach muimhnech mac coippDealbaij moip Do ecc. 

Coccab mop DO eipje eicip Rij Sa;ran i 17i bpfcan, ceacca Do r.ocr 
o Rijh Sa^an ap cfno an ^ailleappuicc, i maire jail nepeann imon ngaill- 
eppcop DO bol po cojaipm Rijh Sa^an, -j RiocapD DIUID Do paccbail ma 
lupcip i nepjnn, "| an lupcip Do cocc co hcic luain ap baigh 50 ccuippeab a 

proceres regni sui protectorem acceperunt, Inse place, called Henry the younger." 

Gall, & Gallgsedelu regem Hibernice dictum In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 

reperio. Hebrides vero sunt, quas nostri Inse- fallen this castle is said to have been built by 

gall dixerunt." Ogygia, c. 75, p. 360. Henry, the King of England's son, upon an 

i Cael-uisge, i. e. narrow water, now called island [recte caol ?] of Lough Erne, and that 
Caol-na-h-Eirne, is that part of Lough Erne he was slain by O'Neill and Mac Mahon. 
near Castle Caldwell, where the lake becomes a Mae Donough This passage is copied in- 
narrow. No remains of the castle are now correctly by the Four Masters, from mere care- 
visible; nor does it appear that it was left stand- lessness: indeed they have left many entries im- 
ing for any considerable period. perfect throughout their compilation. It stands 

1 Henry Beg. This passage is given as follows more correctly in the Annals of Kilronan, as 

in Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of follows : 

Clonmacnoise: "A. D. 121 1. 6pai^oe Connacc oo coi^eucc 

"A. D. 1210. The Castle of Keylcuskie was i n Gpinn .1. Oiapmnio mac Concutaip tnic 

made by Gilbert Mac Cosdealvie" [now Costello]. t>iar.nKit>a pi tnuijje luipc, 7 Concuoap O 

"O'Neale came with his forces to the place, hectpu pi luijjni 7 pmo O Capmoxan, 7 coip- 

caused them to desist from building thereof, beapo mac 5 a ^5 oebl1 - Qipeuccuc mac 

killed the builders with the constable of the Oumncuraij occipup err. 



1210.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF I UK LAND. Hi; 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1210. 
TJie Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ten. 

The English came to Cael-uisge*. Hugh O'Neill and Donnell O'Donnell, 
assembling tlu'ir forces, marched thither, and slew the English, together with 
I IiMiry Bi-g 1 , and distributed their goods and property among their troops. 

Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor, took a prey in Moylurg, and carried 
it with him to Seghais [the Curlieus], to his brother Dermot Hugh, the son 
of Catlml, pursued him ; but Turlough fled before him to the North. 

The hostages of Connaught arrived in Ireland, viz. Conor God O'Hara, 
Lord of Leyny; Dermot, son of Conor O'Mulrony; Finn O'Cormacan ; and 
Airuachtach Mac Donough". 

Murtough Muimhneach b , son of Turlough More [O'Conor], died. 

A great war broke out between the King of England and the King of 
Wales : and ambassadors came from the King of England into Ireland for Un- 
English bishop ; and the chiefs of the English of Ireland repaired, with tl it- 
English bishop, to attend the summons of the King of England : and Richard 
Tiiiu- c was left in Ireland as Lord Chief Justice. 

" A. D. 121 1. The hostages of Connaught or- death is entered aa follows: " A. D. 1210. Mor- 
rived in Ireland, viz., Dermot, son of Conor Mac Ugh Moyneagh mac Terlagh, Tanist, or I 
Dermot, King of Moylurg; Conor O'Hara, King successor of the kingdom of Connought, died," 
'i l.'-yny; Finn O'Curmacan, and Torbert, son This Murtough Muimhneach* had four ions, 
>t the Gall-Gaul. Aireaghtagh Mac Doncahy namely, Manus, Conor Roe, Donough Reagh, and 
ticfitut ett." Here it is to be observed that the Conor Gearr, who raised great disturbance in 
death of Aireaghtagh is a distinct entry, and Connaught in their time. See the Book of 
has nothing to do with the account of the re- Lecan, fol. 72, el teyuen., and Duald Mac Fir- 
turning of the hostages. The list of these ho*- bis's Genealogical Book, Lord Kodun's co]>y, | . 
tages is given correctly by the Four Masters 219. 
uii.lrr the last year. c Richard Tuite. This is mistake of the 

h Mitrtoiiifh Muimhneafh, \. e. the Momonian, Four Masters, for Richard Tuit was not Lord 

so called because he was fostered in Munster. Justice of Ireland. His name does not appear 

II. was the son of Turlough More O'Conor, in the list published in Harris's edition of Ware's 

Monarch of Ireland and the ancestor of the war- works, voL iL, or in any of thn older Irish an- 

like and restless clan of the O'Conors called nals. This entry is given as follows in Ma- 

1'l.inu Mum-lii-iirtuiirh. In the Annals of Clon- geoghegan's translation of the Annals of Clon- 

macnoisc, as translate) l>y Mageoghegan, his macnoise, which is more correct than the ac- 



[1210. 



bpaichpe co luimnech, 50 pope laipjje, -| co loc gnpman -\ co mbiat>h pfm in 
Gchcliar, -\ in Qc luain. Do pala 06 up po cuicp fc cloca caiplen aca luam 
ina cfnn gup bo mapb gan anmam Riocapo DIUID cona pacapc, i co nopfim 
Dia rhumcip imniaille ppipp cpia miopbailib De, naoimh pfoaip, ~\ naoimh 
ciapain. 

Clann Ruaibpi ui concobaip, i caoj mac concobaip TTIaonrhuije Do rocc 
cap SionainD anaip ip na cuacaib, -\ bpfrn Do mumcip an^aile imaille ppm 
1 puccpac cpeich leo i noicpeibh cfineoil Dobca. Oo cafo QoD mac caeail, 



count of the transaction manufactured by the 
Four Masters: "A. D. 1210. The English 
Bushopp that was Deputie and Richard Tuite 
founded a stone castle in Athlone, wherein there 
was a Tower of stone built, which soon after 
fell and killed the said Richard Tuite, with eight 
Englishmen more. My author sayeth that this 
befell by the miracles of St. Queeran, of St. 
Peter, and St. Paule, upon whose Land the said 
Castle was built." After this it is stated that 
the English bishop went to England. The An- 
nals of Kilronan also state that the bridge of 
Athlone was erected by the English bishop this 
year, and also its castle, on the site of O'Conor's 
castle, namely, on the site of one erected in 1 1 29 
by 'furlough More O'Conor, then King of Con- 
naught. 

The fact is, tHltt the Four Masters have dis- 
arranged this passage, as appears by the original 
Irish of it given in the margin of Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise. It 
is as follows: Caiplen cloice oo benatti ay; ar 
luain la ^allaib .1. lap an njailleppoj;, 7 la 
RiocapoOeUioe. Cop cloice DO oeanarh ipan 
caiplen, yucuicim copomupbRiocapo ^occap 
jjallrnuille ppip.i. cpia peupcaibciupam, poll 
7 peaoaip pa peapunn ap a noeapnaban caip- 
len pin. In the Annals of Kilronan, and in Grace's 
Annals, it is stated that Richard Tuite was killed 
by the fall of a stone at Athlone, in the year 
1211. The Four Masters should have arrunircil 
the passage as follows, as is evident from the older 



annals: "Previous to his being called to Eng- 
land, this Lord Justice (John de Gray) went to 
Athlone to erect a castle there, that he might send 
his brothers [or relations] to Limerick, Water- 
ford, and Wexford, and that he himself might 
make Dublin and Athlone his principal quarters. 
For this purpose he raised forces in Leinster and 
Meath (where Richard Tuite had been the most 
powerful Englishman since the flight of the 
De Lacys to France), and marched to Athlone, 
where he erected a bridge across the Shannon, 
and a castle on the site of the one which had 
been built by Tur lough More O'Conor, in 
the year 1129. But it happened, through 
the effects of the anathema pronounced against 
this warlike bishop by the Coarb of St. Peter, 
and the miraculous interposition of St. Peter 
and St. Kieran, into whose sanctuaries he was 
extending the outworks of the castle, that he lost, 
on this occasion, Richard Tuite, the most distin- 
guished of his barons, as also Tuite's chaplain, 
and seven other Englishmen, for one of the towers 
of the castle fell, and overwhelmed them in the 
ruins." 

This Richard Tuite received large grants of 
land in Teffia in Westmeath, and was made 
baron of Moyashell. His pedigree is traced by 
Mac Firbis to Charlemagne, but upon what au- 
thority the Editor has not been able to discover. 
Thus, the pedigree of Andrew Boy Tuite, of the 
castle of Moneylea, near Mullingar, runs as fol- 
lows : " Andrew Boy, son of Walter, son of An- 



1210.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKLAM) 



The Justice went to Athlone, with the intention of sending his brothers 
!> Liiurruk, Waterford, and Wexford, that he himself might reside in Dublin 
and Athlone (alternately) ; but it happened, through the miracles of God, 
Si. I'eter, and St. Kieran, that some of the stones of the castle of Athlone fell 
upon his head, and killed on the spot Richard Tuite, with his priest and some 
of his people, along with him. 

The sons of Roderic O'Conor and Teige, the son of Conor Moinmoy, 
accompanied by some of the people of Annaly, came across the Shannon, from 
the east side, into the Tuathas d , and carried a prey with them into the wilderness 
>f Kinel-Dofa e . Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, pursued them; and a battle 



drew, son of Edmond, son of Andrew, son of 
Geoffry, commonly called an Gitta Gorm, son of 
Thomas, son of James, son of Thomas, son of 
John, son of Richard, son of Rickard, surnamed 
of the Catties, son of Thomas, son of Maurice, son 
of Rickard More, son of John Tuite, son of the 
King of Denmark, son of Drobard, son of Richard, 
son of Lui bincus, or Lai nurd, son of Arcobal, 
on of Rulandus, son of Oliver, son of Carolus 
Magnus, King of France. 

In tin: AM. nils of Kilronan is the following 
curious account of the affairs of Connaught 
at this period: "A. D. 1210. Donough Cair- 
brench O'Brien with his forces, and Geoffry 
Mares with his forces, composed of the English 
i-f Minister, iiiul Hugh, son of Roderic O'Conor, 
joined by the sou of O' Flaherty, marched into 
Connaught as fur as Tuam, and proceeding thence 
to Loch na n- Airncadh in Ciarraighe, they seized 
upon great preys, and remained a fortnight, or 
nearly twenty nights, in Ciarraighe, the Con- 
nacians opposing them. After this O'Conor 
and his people came on terms of peace with 
Uonough Cairbreach and Geoffry Mares, and 
ill.' conditions were these, that they should be 
permitted to pats to Athlone to the English 
bishop, and that O'Brien and Geoffry Man* 
should make peace between O'Conor and the 
English bishop. This was accord, ngly done. 



and Turlough, the son of Cathal Crovderg, and 
the sons of other distinguished men of Connaught, 
were given into the hands of the English bishop." 

d Into the Tuathas, ip na cuaraiB. There 
were three territories of this name on the west 
side of the Shannon. The sentence would be more 
correct thus, "oo cocc cop Sionamo aniap if 
na cuacaiB," i. e. came across the Shannon west- 
wards into the Tuathas. For the situation and 
exact extent of the territory called the Tnathas, 
in the county of Roscommon, the reader is re- 
ferred to Tribe* and Customs o/Hy-JIaay, printed 
for the Irish Archaeological Society in 1843, p. 
90, note b , and the map prefixed to the same. 
The celebrated mountain anciently called 8liu6 
&ajqnu na o-Cuac, now Slieve Baune, extends 
through the Tuathas from north to south, nearly 
parallel with the Shannon. The word cuoca is 
the plural of cuor, a territory or district, and 
the districts or Tuathas here referred to were 
three in number, namely, Tir Briuin na Sinna, 
Corca Eachlann, and Kinel-Dofa. See the next 
note. 

Kinel-Dofa, cenel DoBra This wma in 
latter ages called Doohy-Hanly, from its chief. 
O'Uanly, the senior of the Kinel-Dofa. It 
was the ancient name of a territory in the 
present county of Roscommon, extending along 
the Shannon from Caradh na-dtuath (now 



170 



nio^hachca 



[1211. 



cpoibofipcc ina nDiaib, ~\ Do beapcpac Deabaib Dia poile i po rheabaiD ap 
rhacaibh Puaiopi jup po cuipeaD Dap Sionamn paip oopibipi lacciap ppacc- 
bail Daoine -\ each. 

Q01S CR10SO, 1211. 
Goip CpiopD, mile, Da cheD, a haon nDecc. 

Sicpiocc ua laijenam coriiapba corhjaill Do ecc. 

Caiplen cluana heoaip DO Denarii la gallaib ) lap an ngailleppoc, -| 
cpfchpluaiccheab Do Denarii leo i ccfp eojain. GOD 6 neill DO bpeir oppa, ] 
po ppaoineaD periie pop jallaib, ~\ po cuip a nap im TTIaoilip mac RobfpD. 

Uomap mac uccpaijh 50 macaib TCajjnaill mic Sorhaiplich Do cecc co 
Doipe coluim cille poipfnn pe long peaccmojac, -| an baile Do opjam -j Do 
milleab leo. Looap appide co lump eojain, ~| po riiillpfr in inpi uile. 



called Caranadoe Bridge) to DnundafT, in the 
southern extremity of the parish of Kilgefin. It 
was divided from Carcachlann, or Corca Sheacli- 
lann, the country of Mac Brannan, by the ridge 
of the mountain called Slieve Baune, the west- 
ern face of which belonged to Mac Brannan, 
and the eastern to O'Hanly ; and tradition soys 
that there were standing stones and crosses on 
the ridge of the mountain which marked the 
boundary between them. According to the 
most intelligent of the natives, the following are 
the townlands of this mountain, which were in 
Corcachlann, viz. : Aghadangan, Corrowhawnagh 
(in Bumlin parish); Cloonycarron, Carry ward, 
Ballymore, Ballybeg (in LissonufFy parish) ; Leck- 
an, Aghalahard, Reagh, Killultagh, Aghaclogher 
(in Cloonfinlough parish). All the other town- 
lands of the mountain lying east of these be- 
longed to Kinel-Dofa. Treanacreeva at Scra- 
moge Bridge was also on the boundary between 
both territories. 

Kinel-Dofa, or O'Hanly's country, comprised 
the following parishes, viz., the entire of the 
parishes of Kilglass and Termonbarry, Cloon- 
tuskert and Kilgefin ; one towuland of the pa- 



rish of Bumlin, now called North Yard ; the 
east half of the parish of LissonufFy (as divided 
by the ridge of Slieve Baune, as aforesaid). The 
desert or wilderness of Kinel-Dofa (in which St 
Berach, or Barry, founded his church of Cluain 
Coirpthe), is thus described by the Rev. John 
Keogh, of Strokestown, author of the Irish 
Herbal, who wrote in 1682: 

" The woods, the chiefest in the county of 
Roscommon, are lodged about the saide mnun- 
taine (Slieve Bawn), situate most upon the north- 
east side of it, and beyond the north part thereof, 
Montaugh (momceac), is an aggregate of many 
and great bogs several miles long, and in some 
parts thereof two miles in breadth, intercepted 
betwixt the said mountain and the River Shan- 
non, interspersed here and there with some little 
islands of profitable land, interrupted one from 
another by interpositions of the said bogs." 

O'Dugau speaks of O'Hanly's country as fol- 
lows: 

Ouraio oo'n peaoain aipmje'p, 

Cenel oobca nolur airhpeo; 

6i coitiipeapc um cp!6e 

dp oipeacc 6 n-amlije. 



l-Jll ! 



\NN\I. S OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



171 



was fought between them, in which tin- sons of Roderic were defeated, and 
again driven eastwards across the Shannon, leaving some of their men and 
horses behind. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1211. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eleven. 

Si trie O'Laighenain', Coarb of St. Comgall [of Bangor], died. 

The castle of Clones was erected by the English and the English bishop, 
and they made a predatory incursion into Tyrone; but Hugh O'Neill overtook 
them, and routed and slaughtered them, and slew, among others, Meyler, the 
son of Robert. 

Thomas Mac Uchtry and the sons of Randal Mac Sorley 1 came to Deny 
witli a fleet of seventy-six ships, and plundered and destroyed the town. They 
passed thence into Inishowen, and ravaged the entire island \recte peninsula]. 



" The country of the tribe of sharp weapons 
Is Kinel-Dofa fast and uneven; 
There dwells affection in my heart 
For the people of O'Hanly." 

The following pedigree, as given by Duald 
Mac Firbis, will shew how O'Hanly descends 
from Dofa: 

Longhlin, son of 

1 1 ugh, or Aedh, who was the son of 

Conor, or Conchobhar. 

Donnell, or Domhnall. 

Ivor, or Imhar. 

DonnelL 

AiiilatF, or Amhlaoibh. 

Ivor rnor. 

Murtough, or Muircheartach, who found the 
white steed which Teige O'Conor had, and 
from which he was styled an eic jil, or of 
the White Steed. 

Raghnall, who fought at the battle of Clontarf 

in 1014. 

I 



Morough, orMurchadh. 

Teige, or Tadhg. 

DonnelL 

Teige. 

Murtough, or Muircheartach. 

A nly, or Ainlighe, a quo O'Hanly. 

Hurly, or Urthuile. 

Muldoon, or Maelduin. 

Cluthechar. 

Funis. 

Dofa, or Dobhtha, the progenitor of the Kinel- 
Dofa, and from whom St. Berach, or Barry, 
the patron saint of the district, was the fifth 
in descent 

Aengus. 

Ere the Red. 

Brian. 

Eochy Muighmhcodhain, Monarch of Ireland 
in the fourth century. 

{ CT Laiahenain, now anglicised Lynam. 

8 Mac Sorley, mac Samaiple, anglicised Mac 



z2 



172 dNNata rcioshachca eircecwR [1212. 

Sloicceab la connaccaib cpia cojaipm an j;aiUeappuic ~| jjillibeipc mic 
5oipoelbai co hfpppuaib, I DO ponpac caiplen occ caol uipcce. 

Ruaibpi, mac puaibpi, tnic coippDealbaij in concobaip, DO mapbab la lui^- 
mb Connacc. 

Copbmac mac Qipc uf maoileacloinn Do buam Delbna Do na sallaib, "j 
TTlaoileachlamn mac aipc DO cabaipc ma&ma ap na jallaib DO bai 05 coim- 
ecc Dealbna, -j a cconpcabla TCobeapD buncomaip DO mapbab. 

Cugaela ua heiDhin DO ecc. 

Rajnailc q Caillec oe of in^in Ruaibpi ui Concobaip DO ecc. 

aois CRIOSO, 1212. 

Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a DODCCC. 
Opuimcaoin cona cfmpall Do lopccab la cenel neojain gan cfo Dua 



pfpjal ua cacain cijeapna ciannacca i pfp na cpaoibe Do mapbab la 
jallaib. 

^ill'bepc mac joipDelbaij Do mapbab i ccaiplen caoiluipcce, -\ an 
cajplen pfippin Do lopccab la hua neiccnigh. 

Caiplen cluana heoaip Do lopccab la hdob ua neill, -\ la cuaipceapr 
epenn. 

Donnchab ua hfibin DO ballab la hQob mac cacail cpoibDeipj jan cfo 
Dua concobaip. 

TTlaibm caille na ccpann Do cabaipc la copbmac mac Qipc ui maoilfc- 

Sawairle in the old translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise : 

Ulster. Samhairle, anglicised Sorley, was a "A. D. 1211. Cormack mac Art O'Melaghlin 

name very common among the Mac Donnells of expelled the Englishmen out of Delvyn, and 

Scotland. Thomas Mac Uchtry was Earl of gave a great overthrow to a company of Eng- 

Athol in Scotland, and the son of Alan de Galla- lishmen that were left to defend that contrey, 

way. . in which discomfiture Robertt Dongomer, their 

h Cael-uisge, caol uip^e, i. e. narrate rcater, constable and chief head, was slain, together 

is now called Caol na h-Eirne, and is that narrow with Gillernew Mac Coghlan, the Prince of Del- 

purt of Lough Erne near Castle Caldwell. No vyn's son." 

remains of the castle are now visible. k Raghtiailt. A woman's name, corresponding 

' Duncomar __ This passage is given as follows with the man's name Raghnall, or Randall. 

in Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of ' Cattlech De, i. e. the Nun of God. It would 



1212.] ANNALS OF Til K KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 173 

An army was led by the Connacians, at the summons of the English bishop 
and Gilbert Mac Costello, to Assaroe ; and they erected a castle at Cael-uisge*. 

Roderic, the son of Roderic, who was son of Turlough O'Conor, was slain 
by the inhabitants of Leyny, in Connaught. 

Cormac, the son of Art O'Melaghlin, wrested Delvin from the English; and 
Melaghlin, the son of Art, defeated the English, who were maintaining posses- 
sion of that territory, and killed their constable, Robert of Duncomar 1 . 

Cugaela O'lleyne died. 

Raglmailt* and Caillech De 1 , two daughters of Roderic O'Conor, died. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1212. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twelve. 

Drujnquin m , with its churches, was burned by the Kinel-Owen, without the 
consent 11 of O'Neill. 

Farrell O'Kane, Lord of Kienaghta and Firnacreeva, was slain by the Eng- 
lish. 

Gilbert Mac Costello was slain in the castle of Cael-uisge ; and the castle 
itself was burned by O'Hegny. 

The castle of Clones was burned by Hugh O'Neill and the [men of the] 
north of Ireland. 

Donough O'lleyne was deprived of sight by the son of Cathal Crovderg, 
without the consent of the O'Conor. 

The victory of Caill-na-gcrann" was gained by Cormac, the son of Art 

appear to be the feminine form of Cele DC, which dered in the old translation of the Annals of 

is Latinized Deicola by Giraldus Cambrensis, Ulster: " A. D. 1212. Drumkyn with iUchurche 

and Anglicised Culdce. burnt by Kindred Owen, without O'Neil's li- 

"Drumqiiin, opuim caom This is the name cence." 

of atownlund and village in the barony of Omagh, " Clonet. A well-known town in the county 

in tlic county of Tyrone, and about six miles to of Monaghan. A round tower and large stone 

tin- west nftlic town of Omagh See Ordnance cross, with antique ornament*, and now or 

Map of Tyrone, sheet :!3. lately used as the market cross, point out tin- 

n \\~ithnutthe content, jan ceao oua neill, antiquity of this town. 

" O'AW/o invito," 5 an ceao DO is an idiomatic 'CaM-xa-gcran, cnill no ccpann, written coill 

expression, generally denoting " in detpite of," na ccpann, in the Annals of Kilronan, L e. tke 

or " in defiance of." This passage is thus ren- wood oftke [great] treet This place is now called 



171 aNNCioi uio^hachca eiReawN. 1212. 

lainn -\ la hGob mac Concobaip maonmaije ap jallaib Du in po lab a nap 
im piapup TTlapan -\ un macaib Sleirhne. 

Oonnchab mac cana coipec cenel Qonjuya Do ecc. 

Oomnall 6 Oaimin Do mapbab la macaib meg laclainn i nDopnp peclep 
a ooipe. 

Cpfch lap in njiolla piaclach ua mbaoijill co nopuinj DO cenel cconaill 
a maille ppip pop apaill Do cenel eojam baoi pop comaipce uf caipcfipc, .1. 
an jiolla piabach coipeac cloinne Snfibjile -| cloinne pfnjin. 17ucc imoppoo 
caipcfipc poppa, -| pfpaib Deabaib ppiu -\ mapbcap 6 bub Dfipin 05 cop- 
namh a einigh. 

Ueach DO jabail la Diapmaic mac Ruaibpi uf Concobaip pop Gob mac 
TTlajnupa uf Concobaip hi ccill colmain pmn hi ccopann gup po loipccic 
cuicc pip becc ap picic ann. 

TTlaiDm DO cabaipc Do borhnall mac Domnaill bpfjaij i maoilfchlamn 
pop copbmac Ua maoileachlamn Du in po mapbab giolla cpiopD mac coljan 
co pocaibe ele amaille ppip. 

Oomnall mac Domnaill uf maoileaclainn DO mapbab ap cpfic la mumcip 
TTlaoilip. 

Sluaicceab la gallaib TTluman 50 Ropcpe 50 nDeapnpac caiplen ann. 

Kilmore, or Great Wood, and is situated in the and were thus translated, in the year 1627, by 

parish of Killoughy, barony of Ballyboy, and Connell Mageoghegan of Lismoyny, who knew 

King's County. See Ordnance Map of that coun- this place well : 

ty, sheet 24. The name Coill na g-crann has been "A. D. 1211. The English Bushop came over 

long obsolete, but we have the clearest evidence into this land again, and was Deputie thereof, 

to prove its situation and modern name. Thus, and went, with all the English forces, of Ireland 

the writer of the old Irish story called the Bat- to Cloneis, in the north, where he built a castle, 

tie of Moylena (CWA Maigke Lena), in describing The English Bushop sent certain of the army to 

the rout of the Munster forces coming to the Magmahon's Land to take the preys of the Land ; 

battle field of Moylena, which is about two miles they were overtaken and mett by Magmahon, 

to the north of Tullamore, states that they [who] slew divers of them about Myler mac 

marched by Coill na g-crann, which was then, Robert, and Myler himself, and divers of the 

he says, called Coill Mlior (or Great Wood). Englishmen of Lynster, took and caused them 

But, if we had no other evidence, the following to leave the prey and horses, and gave them 

passage in the Annals of Clomnacnoise would be many fierce onsetts as well by night as by day 

sufficient to shew the situation and modern name from thence forward. 

of this place. In these annals the above passages " The said Deputie came from thence to Lyn- 

are given more fully than by the Four Masters, stcr, and sent for the forces of Munster, who 



1212.] ANNALS OF TIIK K1NCDOM OF IRELAND. 17:, 

O'Melnghlin, mid HtiLrli, tlie son of Conor Moinmoy, over the English, in whirli 
the latter, together with Tierce Mason and the sons of Sleviny, were slaughtered. 

Donough Mac Cann, Chief of Kinel-Aengusa* 1 , died. 

Donnell O'Devine was slain by the sons of Mac Loughlin in the doorway of 
the abbey-church of Deny. 

A prey was taken by Gillafiaclagh O'Boyle, accompanied by a party of the 
Kinel-Connell, from some of the Kinel-Owen, who were under the protection 
of O'Tairchcirt (Gillareagh), Chief of Clann-Sneidhghile and Clann-Fineen. 
O'Taircheirt overtook them (the plunderers), and gave them battle, but was 
killed while defending his guarantee'. 

Dcrmot, the son ofRoderic O'Conor, forctidy took the house of Hugh, 
the son of Manus O'Conor, at Kilcolman-Finn 1 , in Corran. Thirty-five men were 
burned in the house on this occasion. 

Donnell, the son of Donnell Brcaghagh [the Bregian] O'Melaghlin, defeated 
Cormac O'Melaghlin in a battle, in which Gilchreest Mac Colgan and many 
others were slain. 

Donnell, the son of Donnell O'Melaghlin, was slain, while on a predatory 
excursion, by the people of Meyler. 

An army was led by the English of Munster to Roscrea, where they erected 



accordingly, with Donnogh Carbreagh honic legal phrase, occurs very frtipn-iitly 

< iT.ryen, and marched with nil their forces to throughout the Irish annals. This passage is 

Killnegrann in Ffercall, now called Kilmore, rendered as follows in the old translation of the 

win-re they were met by Cormac mac Art Annals of Ulster : "A. D. 1212. An army by 

"Mi-laghlyn, who disoomfitted them, where Gillafiaglagh O'Boyle, and some of Kindred (.' m- 

I'-ri all thoir cowes, horses, gold, silver, nell, vppon Tirowen, being in protection with 

uii.l ,,ihi-r tilings to the said Cormaok." the Conells and especially of O'Tirohirt" [7 rwc 

'' kintl-Aexgnt<i. This is anglicised Kindred ap emec ceiwoil conaill uile 7 hui ruipcepc 

II in tin- old translation of the Annals of co ponpaoac]. "O'TirchcrtcamoiipiKin them, 

i. It was the tribe name oftlu- Mac Canns fought with them, where Gillariavagh CVTir- 

mid tln-ir r< irrelative*, who were seated in the chert was slayne. King of Snedgaile and Clan- 

present county of Armagh, where the Upper fynin, in taving kit credit." 
linnn CULTS Loii-h Neagh. There wereseveral Kilrolman-t'inn, cill Colmtitn fmn. This 

triU-s of this name in the province of is certainly the present Kilcolinan, an old church 

ui-11 as in other pin .ml. near Ballaghaderreen, in the barony of Cosu-llo, 

r H '////< dt>ftiuiin<j ku guarantee, 117; copnam and county of Mayo; but it in at least nine miles 

<i emi^, whilr lUtVnding those whom he had from the nearest boundary of the present barony 

-ruaraiitted to protect. This, which is a Bre- of Corran, in the county of Sligo. The festival 



170 



[1213. 



Qppaioe 50 cill achaib 50 puce TTluipcfpcac mac bpiain oppa cona ploij 50 
ccapo oeabaio ooib. Ro loiceaoh TTlaoileachlainn mac cacail cappaij gup 
bo mapb Ota jonaib. 

QOIS CR1OSO, 1213. 
Ctoip CpiopD, mile, Da cecr, a cpf Decc. 

fillet na nafrh ua ]?ua6an eppcop luijne, ~[ TTlnipiccen ua muipeccein 
eppcop cluana mic noip DO ecc. 

Gmmipe ua cobraijh abb Reclepa ooipe coluim cille uapail clepec 
cojaioe ap cpabao, ap cfnnpa, ap bfipc, ap eccna, i ap gac maic apcfna 
[DO ecc]. 

Comap mac uchcpaijh -\ RuaiDpi mac T?ajnaill Do opccain 6oipe 
cotuim cilli ~\ DO bpeich peoo rhuincipe Doipe, ~\ cuaipcipc Gpearin apcfna a 
lap cfmpaill an Recclepa, i a mbpfic leo 50 cuil painn. 



of St. Colman Finn, or Colman the Fair, is 
marked in the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys at 
the 4th of ApriL 

1 XiUeiyk, cill acaio, anciently called cill 
cicaib opoma pooa, and referred to in the 
Feilire Aenguis, at 25th of June, as in Ui 
Failghe. It isafair-town in the barony of Geshil, 
iu the King's County, about four miles to the 
south of Tullamore. Here are still some remains 
of a great abbey, and also a holy well dedicated 
to the two St. Sinchells. This place is to be 
distinguished from Killoughy in the barony of 
Ballyboy, in the same neighbourhood. The 
Murtough, son of Brian, who opposed the Eng- 
lish here, was son of Brian Breifneach O'Connor, 
who died in 1 1 84. 

It is to be suspected that this entry refers to 
the same event as that already given under the 
year 1211, namely, the victory of Coill na gcrann, 
for we find the different compilers of the annals 
of Ireland, whose works have been amalgamated 
(frequently without much skill) by the Four 
Musters, often repeat the same events, as having 



found them entered in different forms and under 
different years in the compilations of more ancient 
writers. The present entry is given somewhat 
differently in Mageoghegan's translation of the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as follows : 

" A. D. 1212. The Englishmen of Ireland 
made a voyadge" [an expedition] " to Roscre, 
where they built a castle. 

" The Englishmen of Meath with their great- 
est forces took their journey to Killnegrann in 
Ffercall, where they were mett by Cormack 
mac Art O'Melaghlyn, and were quite over- 
thrown by Cormack, with a slaughter of the 
chiefest and principallest Englishmen in Meath, 
as Ferrus Mersey, the two sons of Leyvnie 
Wanie, and William Howard, and many others 
of them; that they left all their cattle, both 
horses and cowes, gold and silver, and shirts of 
mail; and pursued them to the abbey of Kil- 
beggan, and the place called Bealagh-monie-ne- 
Sirrhydu. Melaghlyn mac Cahall Carragh O'Con- 
nor was killrd liy (Jeffrey March of that journey." 

According to the Annals of Kilronan the per- 



law, 



ANNAI.S (>F TIIK KINCDOM OK IRELAND. 



177 



a castle. From thence they proceeded to Killeigh', where they were overtaken 
by Murtough, the son of Brian [O'Conor], and his army, who gave them 
battle; in which Melaghlin, the son of Cathal Carragh [O'Conor] receive 1 
wounds of which he died". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1213. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thii" 

Gilla-ua-naev Oliowan, Bishop of Leyny, and Aluirigen O'Muirigen, Bishop 
i if Clonmacnoise, died. 

Ainmire O'Coffey, Abbot of the Church of Derry-Columbkille, a noble 
ecclesiastic, distinguished for his piety, meekness, charity, wisdom, and ever}' 
other good quality [died]". 

Thomas Mac Uchtry and Rory Mac Randal plundered Derry-Columbkille, 
;ind carried off, from the middle of the church of Deny, all the precious articles 
of the people of Derry, and of the north of Ireland, which they brought to 
Coleraine". 



sons slain were Ferris Messat and Walter Dunel. 

u Under this year the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
record the death of William Petitt, and contain 
the two entries fo Up wing, which the Four Mas- 
ters have very much shortened : 

" A. D. 1212. Mortagh O'Bryen, Donnell mac 
Donnell O'Melaghlyn, Cowlen O'Dempsie, and 
Donnell Clannagh Mac Gillepatrick, gave an 
overthrow to Cormack mac Art O'Melaughlyn, 
where were killed Gillechrist mac Murrough 
Macoghlan, and Donslevey mac Connor O'Me- 
laghlyn, with many others. 

" Donnell mac Donnell Bregagh O'Melaghlyn, 
next in succession of Meath and Irish of Ire- 
land, made a journey to take a prey from Mey- 
ler, was overtaken by Meyler himself, and great 
forces of both Knplisli and Irishmen, who killed 
the said Donncll with many others with him, at 
the River of Rahan in Ff.Tcall." 

" Died. This passage is thus translated by 
Colgan : " Anmirus O'Cobhthaich, Abbas Do- 

2 



rensis, vir sapientia, religione, mansuetudine, et 
eleemosynis selectissimus, obiit." TrieuTAaum., 
p. 506. In the Dublin copy of the Annals of 
Ulster, the character of this Ainmire O'Coffey 
is thus given : " A noble ecclesiastic, distin- 
guished for his piety, descent, meekness, majesty, 
mildness, charity, and every other goodness, 
pott optimum penitentiam ingrestiu ett viam uni- 
verse carnit in Dubreclei Col*im CiUe. n 

1 Coleraine, cuil paicin, now locally but cor- 
ruptly called in Irish ci'ip-porain, but more cor- 
rectly anglicised Coleraine. This name is trans- 
lated "Secetttu //>," in the Tripartite Life of 
St. Patrick, lib. ii. c. 1 36, published by Colgan in 
his Trin* Tkaum., where its situation is distinctly 
pointed out as " in aquilonari Banncei fluminit 
margine." L e. on the north (eastern) side of the 
River Bann. Colgan, who was well acquainted 
with the situation of places in the north of Ire- 
land, shews that Cuilraithin is the place now 
called Coleraine: " ci vitas Dalneda seu Reuta, 



178 QNNata Rio^hacbca emeaNN. [1'213. 

Ua carain, -] pip na qiaoibe Do reacc 50 Doipe Do jabail njhe ap 
macaibh meg lachlainn: Ro mapbab celloip mop Recclepa Doipe fcoppa 
occa nfccapjoipe. Oo pome Dm i colunn cille miopbail innpin uaip po 
mapbab an pfp cionoil -] coichfpcail baf leo, .1. TTlarjamam mag aicne i 
neneach coluim cille i noopup in ouibpecclepa. 

Caiplen cuile Racam DO Denarii la comap mac uccpaij -\ la jallaib 
ulab, 1 po pccaoileab pelcce, ~\ cumoaijce an baile uile Do cum an caiplem 
pin cenmocd an cfmpall. 

Qo6 ua neill Do cabaipr mabma ap gallaib 1 po la a nofpccdp, ~\ po 
^oipcceab beop laip an capplongpopc ipm 16 ceccna eicnp Daoimbli, -| 
mDibbh. 

Donn 6 bpfiplem caoipeac panacc Do rhapbab Da rhumcip pfm i meabail. 

piono ua bpolcdin maop f borhnaill (.1. Dorhnall mop) DO bol i cconnac- 
caib DO cuingib cfopa f borhnaill. Qppeab DO coib ceccup co caipppe 
Dpoma cliab. Ro rabaill pibe cona caoirhfeccoibh Do njh an pilib TTluipC- 
Dhaij Ifpa an Doill ua [ui] Dalaij, -\ po jab pop miocopcab mop ppipp an 
bpilib ap ba haireach porn a hucc cpfoin (jpon gup bo he a riccfpna po corh- 
aipleicc Do). Ro lonnaijeab an pfp Dana ppip, 1 pon gab biail mbicgeip ma 
lairh co ccapacc bfim nOo 50 ppapccaib mapb gan anmain. Ufirc pfiyin 
mppin ap iomjaV>ail ui borhnaill hi cclomn Riocaipo. lap na piop pin DUa 
Dorhnaill Do ponab leipcionol ploij laip ma Deaohaib, "| nf po aipip co pamicc 

Culraine vulgo dicta." Trias Thaum., p. 183, nor vicar." 

coL 2, note 127- a Castle This passage is thus rendered in 

T CfKane. In the old translation of the An- the old translation of the Ulster Annals : 

nals of Ulster this passage is rendered thus: " A. D. 1213. The castle of Cailrathan, built 

" O'Kathan and the men of Kriv caine to Dyry by Thomas Mac Ughtry and Galls of Vlster, and" 

to take house vppon the Maglaghlans, and killed [they] "broke down all the stones, pavements, 

between them the great Caller of the Church of and fences, of all the town for that work, the 

Dyry. God and Columkille shewed a great church only excepted." 

miracle, viz., the gatherer and bringer, Mahon The Irish text is thus given in the Dublin 

Magaithne, [was] killed at Columkill his prayer copy of the same annals: 

justly in the church doore." Caiprel culu pacam DO oenum le Comcif 

1 Prior, celloip in the original. It is thus n>ac ucqiai^ 7 le jullaib Ulao 7 po rcaileo 

explained in O'Brien's Dictionary. " Cealloir, the peilce 7 clacana 7 cumoaici in baile uile 

-upcrior of a cell or monastery; ex., ni ceulldip cenmorci in cempull amain cuice pein. 

na pub-cealloip cu ; you are neither superior b Curlongptiort, now Carlingford, a decayed 



1-21:; ANNALS OF THK KIXdlxi.M OF IRELAND. i; i 

( >' Katie" and the [sept of] Finiacn-rva, came to Deny to take the h<>u>r 
if the son of Mac Loughlin. The great prior* of the abbey church of I). n \ , 
who interposed to make peace between them, was killed. God and 
Columbkille wrought a miracle on this occasion; for Mahon Magaithne, tin- 
person who had gathered and mustered the army, was killed in the doorway 
of the church of Duvregles, in revenge of Columbkille. 

The castle* of Coleraine was erected by Thomas Mac Uchtry, and the Eng- 
lish of Ulidia; and all the cemeteries and buildings of the town were thrown 
down excepting only the church to supply materials for erecting this castle. 

Hugh O'Neill defeated and dreadfully slaughtered the English, and, on the 
same day, burned Carlongphort b (Carlingford) both people and cattle. 

I > nn O'Breslen, Chief of Fanad, was treacherously killed by his own people. 

Finn O'Brollaghan, steward of O'Donnell (Donnell More) went to Con- 
naught to collect O'Donnell's tribute. He first went to Carbury of Drumcliff, 
win-re, with his attendants, he visited the house of the poet Murray O'Daly of 
Lissadill* ; and, being a plebeian representative of a hero, he began to wrangle 
with the poet very much (although his lord had given him no instructions to 
do so). The poet, being enraged at his conduct, seized a very sharp axe, and 
dealt him a blow which killed him on the spot, and then, to avoid O'Donnell, 
he fled into Clanrickard. When O'Donnell received intelligence of this, he 
collected a large body of his forces, and pursued him to Derrydonnell" in 

tmvn in the barony of Lower Dundalk, and the Annals of Ulster, or in the Annals of Kil- 

i -ounty of Louth. This passage is rendered as ronan. 

follows in the* old translation of the Annals of * Lntadill, liar a ooill, i. e. the Lit, or fort 

Ulster : of the blindraan ; it is situated in the fouth- 

A. D. 1 2 1 3. Hugh O'Ncile broke of the Galls, west of the barony of Carbury, near the Bay of 

and had a great slaughter of them, and burnt the Sligo. On an old map of the coast of the counties 

Cuirlongfort the same day, both men and cattle." of Mayo, Sligo, and Donegal, made in the reign of 

The same work gives the following entry im- Elizabeth or James L, preserved in the State 

mediately ut'tcr the foregoing: Papers' Office, London, Lisaadill is marked as a 

.l.'Kn, King of England, gave England and castle. 

Ireland into the Pope's hands, and the Pope sur- d Dfrrydonnell, ooipe ul bothnaill, i. e. Robo- 

inl tlirin to himself againe, and 1000 marks return Odonnetti. A townland containing thu 

to liim, and nlVr rvrry yeare 700 out of Eng- ruins of a castle in the parish of Athenry, and 

i u.'i, and 300 out of Ireland." about three miles to the east of Oranmore, in 

But this passage is not in the Dublin copy of the county of Gal way. The territory of Clau- 

2x2 



180 aNNdta Rio^hachca eircecwN. [1213. 

Doipe f Dorhnaill i cclomn Riocaipo, conab ua6 po ab ainmniuccab, a|i u 
b'eif aoliaib longpoipc ann. 17o jab pop cpeaclopccab an ci'pe gup bo piapac 
ITlac uilliam DO po bfoib, i co po biocuip Tllui|)fbhac Dm comaipje i 
ccuabrhurham. Oo raeo ua Dorhnaill ina biuib, -\ jeibib pop imipab, -\ op- 
ccam na cpiche (pin copop arcuip oonnchab caipbpec ua bpiain TTluipfohac 
uaba i nucc mumcipe luimnij. I?o Ifn ua Dorhnaill e co Dopup linmni, -] 
baf i ppopbaippi ~| hi b'poplonjpopc 05 mom uf borhnaill conab uab ainmnigh- 
cfp. Ro biocuippioc lucr luimni TTUnpfohac uabaib pop popconjpa ui 
bomnaill co nach ppuaip a imbiDfn ace a raipbipc 6 lairh Do lairh 50 piacr 
ach cliach Duiblmne. 

Soaip 6 Dorhnaill Don chup pin lap pipfoh, i lap ccop cuapca connaclic 
uile 50 hiornlan. Oo ponab Sloicceab ele laip Dopibipe ^an lornpuipeac jan 
popuccab ip in mbbabam cecrna bfop co hQchcliac ^up ba lificcfn DO lucr 
Ctcha cliac TTluipfDhac Do cop uabaib 50 halbam, -| bai annpaibe co nofpnu 
cfopa Dpecca abmolca DO cumjioh piooha, ~| maichme nanacail ap Ua 
nDorhnaill, -] ba he an cpeap Dan Dibh piohe, Q bomhnaill Deablarh po 
pich, ^jc. Do paoaoh pich Dopomh ap a abmolcaibh, -| galiaib O Dorh- 
naill ma rhuinrfpap e mporh, -] DO pao popba, -) pfpann oo peib po ba Daca 
laip. 

Cpeach la Copbmac ua maoileachlamn pop caiplen chinn clai]i 50 po 

rickard comprised six baronies in the county of ploring his protection. It begins, cpeao 050 ili 

Galway, namely, Leitrim, Loughreagh, Dunkel- ctoibij a jc^m? i. e. ''What brings a guest 

lin, Killartan, Clare, and Athenry See Tribes to you from afar?" In this poem (of which 

and Custom* of Hy-Many, printed for the Irish there is a good copy on paper in the Library of 

Archaeological Society in 1843, pp. 17,- 18; and the Royal Irish Academy), the poet calls hiin- 

Map to the same, on which ooipe ui ooriinaill is self O'Daly oi'Meath (see note ", under the year 

shewn due east of the town of Galway, and on 1185, pp. 66, 67), and states that he was wont 

the boundary between the territories of Claim to frequent the courts of the English, and to 

Fergaile and Hy-Many; see also Ordnance Sur- drink wine from the hands of kings and knights. 

vey of the county of Galway, sheet 95. of bishops and abbots; that, not . wihliinir M iv- 

e Mac William. This was Richard de Burgo, main to be trampled under the feet of the Race 

the son of William Fitz-Adelm, and the great of Conn, he fled to one who. with his mail-clad 

Lord to whom King Henry III. granted the warriors, was able to protect him against the 

province of Connaught in the year 1225. On fury of the King of Dcrry and Assaroe, win. 

this occasion O'Daly addressed a poem to De had threatened him with his vengeance, though 

Burgo, stating the cause of his flight, and im- indeed the cause of his enmity was but trifling, 



1'213.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 181 

( lunrickard, a place which was named from him, because he encamped tl 
!< >r a night ; and he proceeded to plunder and burn the country, until at last 
Mm- \Villiam c submitted to him, having previously sent Murray to seek I'm 
refuge in Thomond. O'Donnell pursued him, and proceeded to plunder and 
ravage that country also, until Donough Cairbreach O'Brien sent Murray 
away to the people of Limerick. O'Donnell followed him to the gate of Lime- 
rick, and, pitching his camp at Monydonnell (which is named from him), laid 
-it -ire to that town; upon which the people of Limerick, at O'DonnelTs com- 
mand, expelled Murray, who found no asylum anywhere, but was sent from 
hiind u> hand, until he arrived in Dublin. 

O'Donnell returned home on this occasion, having first traversed and 
completed the visitation of all Connaught. He mustered another army without 
much delay in the same year, and, marching to Dublin, compelled the people 
<>f Dublin to banish Murray into Scotland; and here he remained until he 
composed three poems in praise of O'Donnell, imploring peace and forgive- 
from him. The third of these poems is the one beginning, " Oh! Donnell, 
kind hand for [granting] peace," &c. He obtained peace for his panegyrics, 
and O'Donnell afterwards received him into lu's friendship, and gave him lands 
and possessions, as was pleasing to him. 

Cormac O'Melaghlin plundered the castle of Kinclare f , burned the bawn, 

t'nr that the fugitive had only killed a plebeian of his house and its inmates, calls him the chief 

!ii< jMi>ple who had the audacity to affront him! of the English, the lord of LeinFtrr, tin- King 

becij ap Bpala pip an Bpeap, f Connaught, the proprietor of the fortt of 

baclac oo Beic com c6inecio, Croghan, of Tara, of Mac Coisi's wall of stone, 

mi DO mupBao an mofrio; ><* ofMur mic an Duinn, thru called Caislen 

a 64 ! an aoBap unpolao ? Ui Chonaing, and hints that he might yet invite 

the poets of the five provinces to hi* house. 1 1 

" Small u oar difference with the man. ... , , / i . j i c i 

then tells Rickard that whatever deeds of valour 

epherd was abusing me. ,. , , . , , 

A J Ik 11 1 any one may have achieved, he cannot be truly re- 

nowned without protecting the venerable or thr 
> God 1 is tins a caus, .or enmity?" ^^ ^ ^ he now hw , opportunilv ot 

II. 'calls upon the puissant knight Rickard, making himself illustrious l>y protecting O'Daly 

tli.' -in ,,f William, to respect the order of the of Meath, a poet, whoeeversea demand attention, 

poets, who arc never trnHi-d witli harshness by and who throws himsvlf on his generosity. II. 

'hit'ftains, and to protect the weak against the concludes by reminding him of his duties as King 

-M'ing. He next bestows some verses of pane- of the famous province of Connaught 

iryric upon him, describes the splendour of f O/Kinfiare,ch\nnc\.f\\. This name is now 



182 



loipcc an ba6boun, ~\ 50 paoimir) pop na gallaib co cruccab eic i eicce 
lom&a uacha. 

TDoppluaijeab la jallaib Gpeann tnonnpaicchib Copbmaic mic Gipe jup 
compaicpioc ace opoichfc cine, peachap lomaipfcc fcoppa, -| po meabaib 
pop mac aipc, -| Oo pocaip Ruampi ua ciapna ip in t>eabai6 pin, -\ po 
niocuipeab mac Qipc a oealbna, -| po haipccfoh a rhumcip. Do coibpioc na 
joill 50 hoc luain, -| DO ponab caiplen leo ann. Oo ponpac bfop caiplen 
cinneirij, caiplen bioppae, -j caiplen oupmaije. 

Cpeach la copbmac mac Qipc i noealbna co po aipcc TTlaoilpeachlamn 
bfcc -| 50 po lonnapb ap an cip. T?o mapb fcna uilliam TTluilmn, -\ po jab 
pfm cigfpnap oealbhna. 



obsolete, but the situation of the place is dis- 
tinctly pointed out in Mageoghegan's translation 
of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in which it is 
stated that it was originally called Claire Ath- 
moynie, and situated to the west of Lismoyny 
(which was the name of Mageoghegan's own 
house), and is still that of a townland in the pa- 
rish of Ardnurcher, orHorseleap, in the barony 
of Moycashel, county of Westmeath. See Ord- 
nance Map of that county, sheet 37. The trans- 
actions of the O'Melaghlins in this year are 
given in the Annals of Clonmacuoise as follows : 

" A. D. 1213. Cormack mac Art O'Melaghlyn 
took a great prey from the town of Ardinurcher, 
and the next morrow after took the spoyles of 
the Castle of Ardinurcher, and markett of the 
same; he tooke many other small preys and 
booties. 

" The said Cormack mac Art tooke a prey 
from the Castle of Kynnclare, together with 
the spoiles of the Bawne and Markett of the 
said town, and also killed many of the English- 
men, that they left him twenty-eight horses, 
with eight other harnished horses, and shirts of 
Mail, and burnt many men in the said town, [and] 
returned to his own house without loss. All the 
forces of the English of Ulster, Munster, Lyn- 
ster, and Meath, together with all the Irish 



forces that owed service to the King of England 
throughout all the provinces and parts of Ire- 
land, assembled, and mett together at the bridge 
of Tynnie to assault the said Cormack mac Art 
O'Melaghlyn, whom they did also meet at a place 
then called Clare Athmoynie, now called Killclare 
[*i'c], adjoining to Lissmoyne and weast, fought 
couragiously withall, where four principall men of 
the said Cormack's army were slain, as Rowrif 
O'Kiergy, and others. The English army came 
from thence to Delvyn Mac Coghlan, and so to 
Clonvicknose, where they built a Castle; also 
they finished and aided the Castles of Don-owe, 
Byrre, and Kynnety of that voyage [expedi- 
tion]." 

"Cormack mac Art O'Melaghlyn wenttoAth- 
boye" [Ballyboy] " and there devised a strata- 
gem to make the Ward come out of the Castle, 
and killed ten of them immediately, and took all 
theirs and spoyles of the towne with him. Scone 
after he departed the contrey, and came after a 
long space into the contrey again, tooke all the 
spoyles of Melaughlyn Begg O'Melaghlyn, and 
killed some of his people, and among the rest, 
killed the knight called William Moylyn, and 
took the possession of the country again against 
them. 

" Cormack mac Art tooke the spoyles of the 



ANNALS OF TIIK K INC DOM OF IKK LAND. 



K< 



and defeated the English, and carried away from them many horses and 
accoutrements. 

The English of Ireland led a great army against Cormac, the son of Art 
[O'Melaghlin]. They met him at the bridge of Tine*, where a battle was fought 
between them, in which the son of Art was defeated, and Rory O'Keary was 
killed. The son of Art was then banished from Delvin, and his people were 
plundered. The English then went to Athlone, where they erected a castle. 
They also erected the castle of Kinnity", the castle of Birr 1 , and the castle <>1 
Durrow k . 

Cormac, the son of Art, went on a predatory excursion into Delvin. and 
plundered Melaghlin Beg, whom he banished from that country: he sil-n 
slew William of the Mill, and assumed the lordship of Delvin himself. 



Castle of Smerhie, together with mil the cowes, 
horses, and other cattle in the towne, was over- 
taken and fought withall by the English of the 
towne, where the English forces were over- 
thrown, three of their knights slain, with their 
Constable and Cheif man, and Corinack broght 
himself, men, and prey home salfe and sound." 

* Bridge of Tine, opoichec Cme -This name 

wmild be anglicised Drehidtinny. It must have 
been the name of some old wooden bridge on the 
Urosna or on the Silver River ; but there is no 
bridge or place at present bearing the name in 
the King's County, or in the county of West- 
nieath. The name Tinnycross, a townland in the 
parish of Kilbride, barony of Ballycowan, and 
Kind's County, would seem to retain a portion 
of this name, viz.. Tinny ; but as Tinnycross is 
but an anglicised form of cij na cpoipe, i. e. 
koute of the craw, it cannot be considered as 
bearing any analogy to opoichec Cine. 

b Kinniiy, cenn eicijj, i. e. the head of Etech, 
o called, according to a note in the Feilire 
mil, at the 7th of April, from Etech, an 
ancient lri:-h In-mine, whose head was interred 
lii-re It i> the name of a townland and parish 
in the barony ofllallybrit, in the King's County. 



' Birr, btoppa Now generally called Par- 
sonstown, from the family name of the present 
noble and distinguished proprietor, Lord ROBS. 
This name is explained by C^Clery an " a 
watery plain," thus: 6ioppae .1. TTHIJ; uipje: 
oip ap lonann bip j uipje : lonann pop pa* 7 
maj. " Biorra, i. e. a plain of water : for /// 
means water ; and rat means a plain." A mo- 
nastery was founded here, according to the Irish 
Calendar of the O'Clerys, by St. Brendan, the 
son of Neman, who died on the 29th of Novem- 
ber, A. D. 572. 

k Durrow, oupihui j. A castle had been 
finished at this place by Sir Hugh de Lacy, tin- 
elder, so early as the year 1 186. In the Annal- 
of Clonmacnoiae, as translated by Coiuiell M- 
geoghegan, it is stated, more correctly, that tin 
English on this occasion " finished and aided the 
Castles of Dorrowe, Byrre, and Kynnety." 

1 Under this year the Annals of Clonmacnoisr 
state, that Finn O'Dempsey, and his Krothn 
Donough, were most deceitfully taken by Gef- 
frey March [De Marisco], who conveyed Finn 
to Dublin, where he was bound to a horse'* tail. 
and so dragged through all the street*, and al'ti-i 
wards hanged. 



184 aNNa^,a Rio^hachca eiReawN. [121.5. 

aois crcioso, 1214. 

Uoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a ceachaip oecc. 

Ctn ceppcop 6 ceallaij .1. eappcop 6 ppiacpach DO ecc. 

Gpojap ua concobaip eppcop pfl TTluipfoaij DO ecc. 

6fnnm6e mjfn eccnigh bfn aooa uf neilt bamcijeapna oilij Decc mp 
nofijjbfchaiD. 

Cpeach DO Denamh la hCtob mac ITlaoilpeachlainn ui laclamn pop 
comopba coluim cille, ~| CtoD bubfipin Do rhapbaD ta jjallaib pia cann 
bliaohna cpia piopcaibh De ] coluim cille. 

Cacal mac Diapmacca mic caiDj nccfpna TTluije luipcc, cuip opoam 
Connachc DO ecc. 

bpian mac RuaiDpi f plairbfpcaij mac ciccfpna lapraip Connachr 
DO ecc. 

Cpeach cpiche caipppe Do Denarh la hualgapcc ua puaipc ap pilip mac 
jjoipoelbaij co puce bu lomba laip. 

QO18 CR1OSO, 1215. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, a cuicc Decc. 

Oiompiup ua longapgain aipteppoc caipil Decc hi Roirh. 
Concobap ua henne eppcop cille Dalua Do ecc ap plijioh occ cionncub 
Do lappan ccfcpamab comaiple senepailre bai in ecclaip lacepanenpip. 

m Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach, eappoj ua ppiac- "6fnmioe mjenhJ Gicnic .1. bfn Oeoa li! ndill, 

pach lie was Bishop of the Hy-Fiachrach .1. pi Oili j, in bona penitentia quieuit." 

Aidhne, whose country was co-extensive with Elagh, oileach This was one of the four 

the diocese of Kilmacduagh. He could not have royal palaces of Ireland, and its ruins are 

been bishop of the northern Hy-Fiachrach, situated on a hill about six miles north of 

or Killala, as Cormac O'Tarpaidh was bishop of Deny. Colgan thus speaks of it in Trias 

that see from 1207 to 1226 See Harris's Edi- TKaum., p. 181, col. 1, note 169 : " A priscis 

tion of Ware's Bishops, pp. 649, 650. scriptoribus Ailech Neid, hodie vulgo Ailech 

n Of[0~\ Hegriy, ejnij. The Four Masters appellatur. Fuit perantiqua Kegum Hibernia; 

have omitted the ui by mere oversight. In the sedes, et post tempora fidei per easdem derelicta, 

Annals of Ulster the reading is, bfnmioe injen Temoria denuo repetita et restaurata. Jact-t in 

hui Gijnij, &c., and in those of Kilronan : Peninsula Borealis Ultonia; Inis Eoghuin dicta 



1-J15.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1214. 
T/te Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred fourteen. 

O'Kelly, Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach m , died. 

Ardgar O'Conor, Bishop of Sil-Murray [Elphin], died. 

Benmee, daughter of [0'] Hegny", and wife of Hugh O'Neill, Queen of 
Aileach , died, after having spent a virtuous life. 

A depredation was committed by Hugh, the son of Melaghlin O'Loughlin, 
on the coarb of Columbkille ; but Hugh himself was killed before the expira- 
tion of a year afterwards, through the miracles of God and Columbkille. 

Cathal Mac Dermot, the son of Teige, Lord of Moylurg, and tower of the 
glory" of Connaught, died. 

Brian, the son of Rory O'Flaherty, the son of the Lord of West Connaught, 
dii'il. 

The territory of Carbury [Co. Sligo], the possession of Philip Mac Costello, 
was preyed by Ualgarg O'Rourke, who carried off a number of cows". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1215. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred fifteen. 

Dionysius O'Lonargan, Archbishop of Cashel, died at Rome. 
Conar (Cornelius) O'Heney, Bishop of Killaloe, died on his return from 
the fourth General Council of Lateran. 

t. rtio lapide a civitate Dorensi." nobleness, or dignity, in a paper MS. in Trinity 
p Glory, opoan. -The word opoan, which oc- College, Dublin, H. 1, 15, p. 946. Colgan tran- 
i'iir> so t'ivi|Ufiitly in these Annals, is explained lates euip opoam 7 oipeachaip iupraip Domain, 
jjloip, no uipechap,glory, nobility, in thu Gloss to supremum caput urJinum & procerum occiden- 
Km. li's Hymn, in the Liber llynmorum ; uopal tis." Triat T/iaum., p. 298. 
ST>u6, i. o. noble grade or dignity, in a MS. in Trin. 'Under this year (1214) the Annals of Ki4- 
l'..l. Dublin, II. 3, 18, p. 550; it is glossed opo ronan record the erection, by the English, of the 
"iinin, i. e. high name or fame, in the Amhra castles of Clonmacnoise and Durrow; and they 
Shenain, preserved in the Leabhar Breac, fol. add that, shortly after the completion of the 
121, ii; 5pti6 no uuiple, dignity or nobility, castle of Clonmacnoise, Cormac, the son of Art 
I >) Michael O'Clery, in his Glossary of ancient O' Melaghlin, who bad been expelled from Del- 
Irish words; and upo uoiple, no ciipeacap, high vin, returned into that territory, and plundered 

2B 



186 



[1215. 



Gnnuo ua muipfohaij eppcop Conmaicne, ~\ TTIaolpoil ua muipfohai 
ppioip buine gfirhin DO ecc. 

UpaD ua maoilpabaill coipec cenel pfpjupa cona bpaicpib, i co nDpuing 
moip ele immaille ppiu DO rhapbao la TTluipeabac mac mopmaip Ifrhna. 

Oonnchab ua ouibbiopma coipeac na mbpeoca Do ecc, i nDuibpecclep 
ooipe. 

Qongup ua caipelldm coipeac clomne Diapmaca Do rhapbaD la a bpair- 

pib pen. 

TTlupchaD mac cacmaoil coipec ceneoil pfpaDhatjj Do ecc. 

TTla5 cana coipec cenel afnjupa Do rhapbaD la a bpairpibh. 

RuaiDpi ua plomn ciccfpna Dfplaip Do ecc. 

^illa cuicpijh mac cappjamna caoipec muincipe maoilcpionna Decc. 

^lolla caoimgin ua ceallaij bpfj DO jabdil la gallaib i maimpcip pfr- 
caip ace achluam, i a cpochaD leo in achcpuim. 

mac eicigem caoipeac clomne Diapmaca Do ecc. 



versed. The diocese of Ardagh, however, was 
extended beyond the country of these tribes at 
the synod of Rath Breasail, about the year 1118, 
when it was defined thus : " the diocese of Ar- 
dagh, from Ardcana to Slieve-an-ierin, and from 
Ceis Goran to Urchoilten." 

O'Mulfavill, Ua maolpabaill This name, 
which is Anglicised Moylfavill in the old transla- 
tion of the Annals of Ulster, is still common in 
Inishowen, but Anglicised Mulfaal, and some- 
times Mac Paul. The same name is Anglicised 
Lavelle in Connaught, though pronounced in 
Irish O'Mullaville. The territory of the Kinel- 
Fergus, of whom O'Mulfaal was chief, was called 
Carraic Bhrachaidhe, and comprised the north- 
west part of Inishowen. 

c The Great Steward of Lennox,, mopmaop 
learhna. SeeO'Flaherty'sOy//y/c, purt iii. c. 81. 
teariiain, now the Loven, is a river flowing out 
of Loch Lomond, and uniting with the Clyde at 
the town of Dumbarton. It gave name to a dis- 
trict coextensive with the present Dumbarton- 
shire in Scotland. O'Flaherty th inks that the great 



the castle of Clomnacnoise of its cattle, and de- 
feated the English who were defending it 

Under this year, also, the Annals of Ulster 
and of Kilronan mention the appearance of 
a certain character, called Aedh Breige, or the 
false, or pretended, Hugh, who was styled the 
Cobhartach, the Aider, Liberator, or Deliverer. 
He was evidently some person who wished to 
make it appear that he came to fulfil some Irish 
prophecy, but failed to make the intended im- 
pression. 

1 Bishop of Conmaicne. That is, bishop of the 
see of Ardagh, which comprises the country of 
the eastern Conmaicne ; that is, Annaly, the ter- 
ritory of O'Farrell, in the county of Longford ; 
and Muintir Eolais, that of Mac Rannall, in the 
county of Leitrim. These two families descend 
from Cormac, the illegitimate son of Fergus, the 
dethroned King of Ulster, by Meave, Queen of 
Connaught, in the first century. See O'Fla- 
herty's Ogygia, part iii. c. 46, where, by a mere 
oversight in the construction of a Latin sen- 
tence, the situation of these territories is re- 



1215.] 



ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



1*7 



Annuclh O'Murray, Bishop of Conmaicne' [Ardagh], and MaelpoilO'Murray, 
Prior of Dungiven, died. 

Trad O'Mulfavill', Chief of Kinel-Fergusa, with hia brothers, and a great 
number of people who were with them, were slain by Murray, the son of the 
Great Steward of Lennox 1 . 

Donough O'Duvdirma", Chief of Bredagh, died in the Duvregles of Deny. 

Aengus O'Carellan, Chief of the Clann-Dermot", was slain by his own 
kinsmen. 

Murrough Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry, died. 

Mac Cann, Chief of Kinel-Aengusa, was slain by his kinsmen. 

Rory O'Flynn [O'Lynn], Lord of Derlas", died. Gillacutry Mac Cartoon, 
Chief of Muintir Maoil-t-sionna, died. 

Gillakevin O'Kelly of Bregia, was taken prisoner in the monastery of St. 
Peter at Athlone, by the English, and afterwards hanged by them at Trim. 

Teige Mac Etigen, Chief of Clann-Dermot, died'. 



Stewarts of Leamhain, or Lennox, were descend- 
ed from Maine Leamhna, the son of Core, King 
of Munster, by Mongfinna, the daughter of Fe- 
radhach, King of the Picts. In the year 1014 
Muireadhach (a name which the Scotch write 
Munloeli). tln> marmaer of Leamhain, assisted 
Kriau liorumlm in the battle of Clontarf against 
the Danes, which the Irish writers urge as an 
evidence of his Munstt-r descent; and some have 
tli. night that they discovered a strong resem- 
blance between the pronunciation of the dialect 
t' tin; Gaelic which is spoken in this territory, 
and that spoken in Munster. 

u O 1 Dvvdirma This name is yet common in 
Ini-lioweii, but sometimes corrupted to Mac 
l>. rinot Bredach was the north-east part of 
Inishowni. 

w Ctann-Dermot, clann oiupmaoo, was the 
tril>.' name of tlic Mac Egans, situated in the 
1 Strict lying round Duniry, in the south of 
the present county of Galway. 

* Derlut, oeplup, called tn'iplapin the Annals 
of Ulster and of Kilronan. It was the name of 

2 B 



th seat of O'Lyn, Chief of Hy-Tuirtre. This 
name, which signifies a ttrongfort, was applied to 
many other places in Ireland, and is sometimes 
Anglicised Thurles. The Editor has met sever*! 
forts of this name in Ireland, but none in Hy- 
Tuirtre in the county of Antrim. The most 
remarkable fort of the name remaining in Ire- 
land is situated in the parish of Kilruane, in the 
barony of Lower Ormond, in the county of Tip- 
perary : it consists of three great circular em- 
bankments and two deep trenches. 

r Under this year the Dublin copy of the An- 
nals of Innisfallen record, that a great war broke 
out between Dermot of Dundronan, the son of 
Donnell More na Curra Mac Carthy, and his 
brother Connac Finn; that the English wen- 
assisting on both sides ; and that during this 
war the English acquired great possessions, and 
made great conquests of lands, on which they 
built castles and strong forts for themselves, to 
defend them against the Irish. The following 
v. i ! the castles erected on this occasion : 

The castle of Muintir Bhaire. in Kilcrohanc 

2 



1HS 



[1216. 



QO13 CR10SO, 1216. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, Da cecc, a pe oecc. 

TTlacjamain ua tairbfpcaij cijeapna cloinne oorhnaill Do ecc. 

5'olla apnam ua mapcain ollam Gpenn i mbpeicfrhnup Do ecc. 

Uomalcac mac ao6a mic aipeaccaij uf poDuib Do rhapbaD ta Domhnall 
mac afoha mic Diapmacca. 

Gach&onn mac jilliuiohip comapba pacpaicc, -\ ppiorhaiD na hGpeann DO 
ecc hi Roimh lap nofijhbfchaiD. 

TTIaoilpeaclainn mac Diapmaca Do mapbaD Dpeapaib ceall, -| Do muinnp 
THhaoilip. 

TTlupchaD mac RuaiDpi uf Concobaip DO ecc. 



parish, erected by Mac Cuddihy See Ordnance 
Map of the County of Cork, sheet 129- 

The castles of Dun na mbarc [Dunnamarc] 
and Ard Tuilighthe, by Carew See Ordnance 
Map of the county of Cork, sheet 118. 

The castles of Dun Ciarain [Dunkerron] and 
Ceapa na Coise [Cappanacusha], near the Ken- 
mare Eiver, in Kerry, by Carew. See Ordnance 
Map of Kerry, sheet 92. 

The castle of Dunloe, in Kerry, by Maurice, 
son of Thomas Fitzgerald. See Ordnance Map 
of Kerry, sheet 65. 

The castle of Killforgla [Killorglin], and the 
castle of the Mang [Castlemaine], in Kerry, by 
the same Maurice. See Ordnance Map of Kerry, 
sheets 47, 56. 

The castles of Moylahiff, of Gala na feirse 
[Callanafersy], of Cluain Maolain [Cloonmea- 
lane], and of Curreens [now Currans], by the 
son of Maurice Fitzgerald See Ordnance Map 
of Kerry, sheets 46, 47, 48, 56. 

The castle of Arlioch, by Roche. 

The castles of Dunnagall and Dun na scad 
[Baltimore], by Sleviny. The ruins of the for- 
mer are marked on the Ordnance Map of the 
County of Cork, sheet 150, on Ringarogy Is- 



land, in the parish of Creagh, in the east divi- 
sion of the barony of West Carbery ; and the 
ruins of the castle of Baltimore, which was an- 
ciently called oun na p4a, are shewn on tin- 
same sheet, at Baltimore village. 

The castle of Traigh-bhaile, near the harbour 
ofCuanDor [Glandore], was erected by Barrett. 
This castle was afterwards called Cloghatrad- 
bally, and belonged to Donell na Carton , O'Do- 
novan, Chief of Clann-Loughlin, who died on 
the 10th of May, 1580, and to his son and 
grandson. It was situated in the townland of 
Aghatubridmore, in the parish of Kilfaughna- 
beg, and is now generally called Glandore Cnstli . 
See Ordnance Map of Cork, sheet 142. 

The castles of Timoleague and Dundeady wen.' 
erected by Nicholas Boy de Barry. For their 
situation see Ordnance Map of the County of 
Cork, sheets 123, 144. 

m Clann-Donnell, clann Ooriinaill These 

were a distinguished sept of the Kinel-Moen, 
originally seated in the present barony of Ra- 
phoe, but afterwards driven across the Foyle 
by the O'Donnells. See the year 1178, where 
it is stated that Rory O'Laverty was elected 
chief of all Kinel-Moen, in place of Donnell 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINCMnM OF JUKI. AND. 



[fig 



HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1216. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred sixteen. 

Million O'Laverty, Chief of the Clann-Donnell 1 , died. 

Giolla Arnain O'Martan, Chief Ollave (professor) of law in Ireland, died. 

Tomaltagh, the son of Hugh, who was the son of Oireaghtagh O'Rodiv, 
was slain by Donnell, the son of Hugh Mac Dermot. 

Eachdonn Mac Gilluire*, Coarb of St. Patrick and Primate of Ireland, died 
at Rome, after a well-spent life. 

Mclaghlin, the son of Dermot b , was slain by the men of Fircall c and the 
people of Meyler. 

Murrough, the son of Roderic O'Conor, died. 



O'Gormly, who was deposed. This is sufficient 
evidence to shew that O'Laverty was of the 
race of the Kinel-Moen. 

* Eghdonn Mae Gtila- UMir.Ke is called 
Eugene Mac GUlivider in Harris's edition of 
Ware's Bishops, p. 62. His death is entered in 
the Annals of Ulster, as follows: "A. D. 1216. 
Gchoonn mac ^ille uibip, comapba paepcnc, 
7 ppiihair Gpenn pope jenepale conpilium 
' :repanenpe Rome pelicicep oboopmmie." 
Thus ri'mlcml in the old translation : " A. D. 
1216. Eghdon Mac Gilluir, Coarb of Patrick 
and Primate of Ireland, pott general* Conn/turn 
lAittranente Romce fdieiter oodormiuit." See 
note under the year 1206. 

b Melniihlinn, the son of Dermot. His surname 
was O'Dempsey, according to Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise. 

' 1'trcoU The territory of Feara-Ceall, as 
already observed, comprised the baronies of Bal- 
lycowan, Ballyboy, and Fircal, aiiat Eglish, in 
tlu> King's County. It was the most southern 
territory of ancient Meath, and the hereditary 
principality of the O'Molloys, descended from 
Fiachu, the son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. 
1 1 was IwunJed on the north by Muintir-Thadh- 



gain, or Fox's country, and Kinel-Fiacha, or 
Mageoghegan's country, both which it joined 
near Kilbeggan ; on the west by Delvin Eathra, 
or Mac Coghlan's country ; on the east by Of- 
faly, O'Conor Faly's country ; on the south-east 
by Hy- Regan, or Duthaidh Riagain, O'Dunne's 
country ; and on the south by Ely O'Carroll, 
from which it was separated by the Abhainn 
Churn, which falls into the Little Brosna, near 
the town of Birr See Feilire Aenguit, pre- 
served in the Leabhar Breac of the Mac Egans, 
foL 9, in which Kinnity (church) is placed on 
the frontiers of Ely and Feara Ceall : " f<n&n 
cam Cino ecij i ccoicpich heti 7 pep cell." 
" Finan Cam of Kinnity, on the frontiers of Ely 
and Feara CealL" The following places are men- 
tioned by the old Irish writers as in this territory, 
viz. : Rathain (now Rahen) ; Durrow ; Magh-leana, 
now the parish of Moy lena, alitu Kilbride, con- 
taining the town of Tullamore ; Lann Elo (now 
Lynally); Coill-na-gcrann (now called Kilmore 
and Greatwood, and situated in the parish of 
Killoughy) ; Pallis ; Ath-buidhe (now Ballyboy); 
Eglish; Baile-an-duna ; Drumcullen. O'Dugan 
honours the peupa ceall with the following 
quatrain : 



190 



[1217- 



Caiplen cille Dalua Do Denarii la Seappaijj mapep, -\ an jjailleappoc 
pop DO benamh cijhe innce ap eiccin. 

Qn cpfp llenpg Do piojhaDh op Sajcain 19. Occobep. 



QOIS CR1OSD, 1217. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mite, Da ceo, a pechc oecc. 

cijeapnaigh mac giolla l?onam eppcop Qipjiall, -\ cfnn candnac 
6peann DO ecc lap bpfnnainn, -\ lap naichpicche. 

Oiapmaic mac concobaip mic Diapmaca cijeapna muiji luipcc Do ecc. 
TTlop injfn uf bpiain, .1. Dorhnaill bfn cacail cpoib&fipcc Do ecc. 
Oorhnall ua jabpa Do ecc. 
Niall mac mic lochlaitin uf Concobaip DO ecc. 
Oonnchao ua maoilbpenainn caoipeac cloinne concobaip DO ecc. 
ua pfpjail Do mapbaD la TTlupchaD cappac ua ppfpjail. 

c mac acaDain caoipeac cloinne pfpmaije Do ecc. 



Ware's Works, vol. i. pp. 521-593. 

e Under the year 1216 the Annals of Kilro- 
nan contain the following entries, which the 
Four Masters have omitted: 

"A. D. 1216. A synod of the clergy of the 
world at Rome at Lateran, with the Pope Inno- 
centius, and soon after this synod (council), Pope 
Innocentius quieuit in Ckristo. 

" John, King of England, was deposed by the 
English this year, and died of a fit. (In the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Ma- 
geoghegan, it is stated that he died in the Ab- 
bey of Swynshead, being " poyson'd by drinking 
of a cup of ale wherein there was a toad pricked 
with a broach.") "The son of the King of 
France assumed the government of England, 
and obtained her hostages." 

"Gilla Croichefraich Mac Carroon and the 
priest O'Celli died, both having been crossed and 
ordered to go to the River [Jordan]. 

" The abbot O'Lotan, a learned and pious 



Ri Bpeap ceall na j-cloioearii pean 
O'lTlaoilihuaio, paop an ploinoeao, 
Ro paomao jac lann leipean ; 
Ran na aonap aijepean. 

" King of Feara Ceall of ancient swords 
Is O'Molloy, ^noble the surname, 
Every sword was vanquished by him ; 
He has a division to himself alone." 

d T/ie castle ofKUlaloe. This passage is given 
in the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by 
Connell Mageoghegan, as follows: " A. D. 1216. 
(Jeffrey Marche" [De Marisco] " founded a 
Castle at Killaloe, and forced the inhabitants 
to receive an English Bushop." The name of 
this bishop was Robert Travere. He was after- 
wards deprived (in 1221), and the see continued 
to be filled almost exclusively by Irishmen till 
the Reformation, there having been but one 
Englishman, namely, Robert de Mulfield, who 
succeeded in 1409 See Harris's edition of 



1217-] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM <>F IKKI.AND. I'.tl 

Tin.' castle of Killaloe" was riveted by Geoffrey Mare>. The English liish< >\> 
also built a house there by force. 

I l.-nry III was crowned in England on the 19th of October'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1217. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred seventeen. 

Gillatierny Mac Gillaronan, Bishop of Oriel (Clogher), and head of the 
canons of Ireland, died, after penance and repentance'. 

Dermot, the son of Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, died. 

More, daughter of O'Brien (Donnell), and wife of Cathal Crovderg 
[O'Conor], died. 

Donnell O'Gara died. 

Niall, the grandson of Loughlin O'Conor, died. 

Donough O'Mulrenin, Chief of the Clann-Conor, died. 

Teige O'Farrell was slain by Murrough Carragh O'FarrelL 

Gillapatrick Mac Acadhain, Chief of Clann-Fearmaighe 1 , died. 

man, in face quieuit. Gregory, son of Gilhv-na- in the county of Leitriin ; Muintir-Kenny lying 

uaiugeL, abbot of the monks of Ireland, in pace principally between Lough Alien and the boun- 

yuifiiit, in the East, being expelled by the monks dary of the county of Roscoimuon, and Clann- 

of Droghcda, through envy and jealousy. Fermaigh, comprising all the valley of Glanfarne. 

" The Archbishop O'fiooney was cruelly and The following chiefs are placed in the district of 
violently token prisoner by Maelisa O'Conor, West Breifny, and tributary to O'Rourke, in 
and the Connacians, who cast him in chains, a O'Dugan's topographical poem, viz. : Mac Tier- 
thing of which we never heard a parallel, i. e. nan of Tealach Dunchadha, now the barony of 
t tering of an archbishop. Tullyhunco, in the county of Cavan ; Magauran, 

" Patricius, Bishop of Knockmoy, quieuit." Chief of Tealach Eachdhach, now the barony <>( 

( Repentance, tap bpfnamo 7 naichpicche Tullyhaw, in the same county; Mac Consnamhu, 

In the Annals of Ulster at 1218, and of Kilro- now Mac Kinnaw (and sometimes ridiculously 

nan in 1217, this phrase is given in Latin thus: anglicised Forde), Chief of Muintir-Kenny. and 

"5'llo cij;fpnaij5 mac JiUu Wonum eppuc Mac Cagadhain, Chief of Clann-Fermaighe, both 

uip^iull 7 cfnn cunonac Sperm in bona peni- in the present barony of Dromahaire, in tin- 

Italia, quieuit." county of Leitrim ; Mac Darcey, Chief of Kinel- 

* Clann-Fearmaighe. The natives still remem- Luachain, a territory which compriaed the pre- 

ber the name of this territory, and that of the sent parish of Oughteragh, at the foot of Slieve- 

adjoining one of Muintir Kenny, both which are an-ierin ; and Mac Clancy, and his correlatives 

contained in the present barony of Dromahaire, in Dartry and Calry, territories nearly all in- 



192 



[1218. 



Dorhnall mac TTlupchaD meg coclain cijeapna uprhoip Dealbna Do rhap- 
ba6 DO macaib TTlaoileaclainn meaj coclin i meabail i liacopuim. 

Cacal pionn 6 laccna caoipeac an Da bac Do mapbaD la hna pploinn 
rhaijhe heleocc i ppiull ina cigh pfm. 

Copbmac mac Uomalcaij Doiponeoh. 



QO1S CR10SO, 1218. 
Qojp Cpiopo, mile, Da checc, a hochc Decc. 

Clemenp eppcop luijhne Do ecc. 

na naorh ua gopm^aile Saccapc paca liipaij Do ecc ina oilichpe. 



eluded in the present barony of Rossclogher, in 
the north of the county of Leitrim. 

h LiatMruim. There is no place in the ter- 
ritory of Delvin Mac Coghlan, now called Liath- 
druim, unless we may suppose Leitra, in the pa- 
rish of Clonmacnoise, to be a corruption of it. See 
Ordnance Map of the King's County, sheet 13. 
There is a place called Liathdruim, Anglice Lei- 
trim, in the parish of Monasteroris, in the same 
county. See Ordnance Map, sheet 11. 

' Moy-h Eleog, maj heleoj. A level district 
in the parish of Crossmolina, in the barony of 
Tirawley, in the county of Mayo. See note 
under the year 1 180. The territory of the Two 
Backs lies principally between Lough Conn and 
the River Moy. 

k This entry should be made a part of the 
second paragraph under this year, relating to 
Dermot mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, for so 
it js given in the more ancient and more correct 
Annals of Ulster and of Kilronan. It stands 
thus in the Annals of Ulster : 

A. D. 1218. Oiapmcno mac ConchuBaip 
mic TDiapmaoa pi minjje luipj mopcuup epr. 
Oopmac oo j^abail pt^i Da 6ip. 

In the Annals of Kilronan, which is the Chro- 
nicle of the district, this Cormac is called the 



son of Tomal tagh of the Rock, the son of Conor. 

Under this year the Annals of Kilronan con- 
tain the following entries, which have been 
altogether omitted by the Four Masters ; 

"A. D. 1217. Oisin, Abbot of Abbeyderg [in 
the county of Longford], died. 

" The fishermen of all Ireland, from Water- 
ford and Wexford in the south, to Derry- 
Columbkille in the north, went to the Isle of 
Mann to fish, where they committed aggressions, 
but were all killed in Mann in retaliation for 
their violence. 

" The Abbots of all Ireland went to England, 
to the general chapter held there this year ; but 
their attendants were dispersed, and the most of 
them were slain in England ; and the Abbot of 
Drogheda was deprived of his abbacy at this 
chapter." 

" Every fruit tree produced abundance of fruit 
this year." 

" The English of Ulidia mustered a plunder- 
ing army, with which they proceeded to Armagh, 
and totally plundered it. O'Fotuelan was the 
person who guided them, for he had promised 
the people of Armagh that the English would 
not plunder them so long as he should be with 
them (the English). In a week uftor, O'Neill 



1218.] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIN(iI)().M <>F IKF.I.AND 



1'K 



Donnell, the son of Murrough Mac Coghlan, Lord of the greater part of 
Delvin, was tivurherously slain by the sons of Melaghlin Mac Coghlan, at 
Liathdruim". 

Cathal Finn O'Laghtna, Chief of the Two Bacs, was treacherously slain 
in his own house by O'Flynn of Moy-h-Eleog 1 . 

Connac, the son of Tomaltagh [Mac Dermot], was inaugurated 11 . 

% 
THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1218. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred eighteen. 

Clemens, Bishop of Leyny [Achonry], died. 

Gilla-na-naev O'Gormally, priest of Rathloury 1 , died on his pilgrimage. 



mil Mac Muhun came and took a great prey 
from the English, namely, one thousand two 
hundred cows. The English and (XFotuelan 
pursued them, but the Kiuel-Owen turned upon 
them, and killed fourteen men who were clad in 
coats of mail, besides the Constable of Duudalk ; 
and O'Fotuelan wan killed in revenge of St. 
Patrick." 

1 RaMoury, Rue lupui, L e. St. Lurach's 
fort This church, about the situation of which 
our topographical writers have committed so 
many strange blunders, is still well known; it 
i> the head of a deanery in the county of London- 
derry, and is situated in the town of Maghera, 
anciently called Machaire Katha Luraigh, where 
the church, grave, and holy well of St. Lurach 
are still to be seen, and where his festival was 
celebrated on the 17th of February See Ca- 
lendar of the O'Clerys at this day. The situa- 
tion of this church, which some have supposed 
to be the same as Ardstraw, was well known to 
ier See his Primordia, pp. 856, 857, where 
lie say.* thut the bishopric of Ardstraw, together 
with thut of Hathlurig, then a deanery called 
Until/miry, was annexed t the geeofDerry. Its 
situation wit? uLo well known to Ware and even to 



Harris. See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 
p. '286, under Flathberty CFBrolcain, where it is 
stated that "the episcopal ice was translated 
from Ardtrath to Maghere, which was dedicated 
to St. Luruch, whose festival is celebrated on the 
1 7th of February." In a Latin epitaph on a tomb- 
stone in the cemetery of the Roman Catholic chapel 
of Maghera, the late 1 >r. Makeover, P. P. of Ma- 
ghera, is ca\\eAParoclnt*llutUurensis. The patron 
saint is now locally called St. Lmiry. The cathe- 
dral church of the Kin. 1-Owen was originally at 
Ardstraw, in the north-west of Tyrone, whence it 
was afterwards translated to Rath Luraigh, in the 
present town of Maghera, in the county of Lon- 
donderry. In course of time the ancient bishop- 
ric of Ardstraw became a part of the see of 
Clogher; but on the elevation of Uerry into a bi- 
shop's see in the year 1158, the bishopric of 
Rath Luraigh was made a part of its diocese; 
and finally, by the power of German O'Cer- 
vallan, and his tribe of the Kinel Owen, the 
bishopric of Ardstraw was separated from the 
diocese of Clogher, and annexed to that of Derry, 
about the year 1266. See note under the year 
1179- 



2c 



194 



[1218. 



TTlaoiliopa ua Daijjie aipchmneach Doipe coluim cilte Do ecc an eocrrhab 
la Do becembep lap mbfic cfrpacac blia6am ina aipchinDeac, -| lap noenarh 
gaca mairfpa pop caomnaccaip Do jniorh hi call ~| i ccuaic. 

Ufmpall mainipepe na buille Do coippeaccab. 

TTluipcfpcac ua ploinn nccfpna ua ccuipepe Do mapb'ab la gallail), -| 
Conjalach ua cuinn caoipeac TTlaije lujaD, -\ pi ccarapaicch uile, cuip 
jaipcceb, emijh, -| oifioeapcaip ruaipcipc Gpeann Do mapbab la gallaib b'eop 
ip in 16 ceona. 

ftuaibpi, i TTlaoilpeaclainn Da mac riiej coclain Do ecc i maimpeip cille 
bfccain. 

Lochlainn ua ConcoBaip DO ecc -\ mainipnp cnuic muaibe. 



m Maelia O^Deery This passage is thus trans- 
lated by Colgan : " Moelisa Hua Doighre Ar- 
chidnechus Dorensis in hospitalitatiis, aliisque 
bonis operibus prsedicabilis, postquam munus 
Archidnechi quadraginta annis exercuerat; obiit 
Doria 8 Decembris." The aipcinneach was 
not the archdeacon, as many respectable anti- 
quaries have supposed. 

n Moy-Lughad, moj lujao. This is called 
Magh Lughach in the Annals of Kilronan. 
There were several districts in Ireland of this 
name, but the one here mentioned is a level dis- 
trict in Hy-Tuirtre, in the present county of 
Antrim, which is mentioned in these Annals at 
A. M. 2859, and in Keating's History of Ireland 
(Haliday's edition, p. 178), as cleared of wood in 
the time of Neimhidh, the leader of the second 
colony into Ireland. This passage is rendered 
in the old translation of the Annals of Ulster as 
follows: "A. D. 1218. Murtagh O'Flyn, King 
of Turtry, was killed by the Galls, Congalarh 
O'Cuin, the Candle of feats and courage of the 
North of Ireland, Prince [pijf coipech"! of Moye 
Luga and Kindred Cathasay, all" [both] " killed 
the same day." 

Kilbegyan, cill beccain. Now a town in 
the south of the county of Westmeath. There is 
not a vestige of the monastery now remaining, 



but its site is pointed out about one hundred 
perches to the south of the town. Its burial 
ground still remains, but the site of the monas- 
tery is now a green field. 

p Louffhlin 0' Conor. He was the tenth son of 

Turlough More O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland 

See Book of Lecan, fol. 72, b, col. 4. 

^Knockmoy, Cnoc muaibe, i. e. CollisMuadin'. 
Now the Abbey of Knockmoy, in the barony 
of Tiaquin, in the county of Galway, and about 
six miles to the south-east of Tuam. This is 
the first mention made of this monastery by the 
Four Masters. According to Grace's Annals of 
Ireland, the Abbey of Knockmoy, which was 
otherwise called de Colle Victoria, was founded 
by Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, in the 
year 1 189; but the Dublin copy of the Annals 
of Innisfallen, and Ware's Antiquities at Gal- 
way, and also his annals, place its foundation in 
the year 1190. It is the general opinion of 
Irish historians that Cathal Crovdorg founded 
this abbey for Cistercian monks, in commemo- 
ration of a victory, which he had gained nt 
the hill of Knockmoy, and hence called it de 
Colle Victorias. In a compilation of the sixteenth 
century, now at the Convent of Esker, near 
Athenry, it is stated that the Abbey of cnoc 
buab, i. e. inonasteriuin de Colle Victoria?, wa< 



1218 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKF.I.AND. 



III.-, 



Muelisa CyDeery", Ercnagh of Deny, died on the 18th of December ; 
U'on Erenagh of Derry for forty years, and having done all the good 
in his power, both in Church and State. 

The church of the monastery of Boyle was consecrated. 

Murtough O'Flynn, Lord of Hy-Tuirtre, was slain by the English; and 
Congalagh O'Quin, Chief of Magh Lugad", and of all Sil-Cathasaigh, and tower 
of the valour, hospitality, and renown of the north of Ireland, was also shun 
by the English on the same day. 

Rory and Melaghlin, two sons of Mac Coghlan, died in the monastery of 
Kilbeggan . 

Loughlin O'Conor" died in the monastery of Knockmoy". 



founded by Carolus O'Conor about the year 
1220; but this is totally wrong in the name 
and date of the foundation, for the original Irish 
imtu': is not cnoc buuio, the hill of the victory, but 
cuoc imiaioe, the hill ofMuaidh, a woman's 
name, denoting good, or noble (maic no uapal) ; 
and this name is unquestionably older than the 
linn- of Cathal Crovderg, for the plain adjoining 
the hill of Knockmoy was called Magh Muaidhe 
at a very early period. The Editor has dis- 
covered no contemporaneous or trustworthy ac- 
count of the battle said to have been fought and 
won by Cathal Crovderg at this place, and is in- 
clined to think that Cullit Victoria is but a fan- 
cil'ul translation of the ancient Irish name of the 
hill, as if it were cnoc rnbuaib. Of such fanci- 
ful translations we have several instances in 
other parts of Ireland, as tie Rotea Voile, for 
Wop jlap; iff \'iridi ligno, for Newry, or luBap 
Cmn cpu^a; de Vatte salutii, for mamipcip cm 
6ealui, &c. The Book of Howth, and from it 
Hitnmer, in his Chronicle (Dublin edition of 
I SOy, !>!> 338-341), give an account, but with- 
out nu-nt i<>! i ing the place, of a "bloody battaile" 
1 I'Conorand Sir Armoric St. Lawrence, 
in which Sir Armoric and all his small band of 
steel-clad warriors were annihilated; but it is a 
r<<mancu, and should not be received as his- 

2c 



tory without being corroborated by some cotem- 
poraneous English or Irish authority. Dr. Led- 
wich says, that the battle in commemoration of 
which the Abbey of Knockmoy was built, wan 
fought in Ulster! " In the height of the battle," 
writes the doctor, " O'Conor vowed to build an 
abbey I'M hit otcn country, if he was crowned with 
success, and he erected Knockmoy, in Irish, Cnoc- 
muyha, the hill of daughter, and in monkish wri- 
ters styled Monasterium de Colle Victoria;,' to 
perpetuate the remembrance of O'Conor'* vic- 
tory." Antiquities of Ireland, second edition, 
p. 520. 

Dr. Leland, however, with that display of 
philosophic inference from legendary events, 
which renders his work worthless as an autho- 
rity, treats as true history the account of this 
supposed battle contained in the Book of Howth, 
which he quotes (but without knowing that it 
was the Book of Howth), as a MS. in the Lam- 
beth Library, P. No. 628, and draws the fol- 
lowing conclusion, which shews that a man may 
be a sound logician, though a bad judge of the 
authenticity of historical monuments. After 
describing the fictitious battle, he writes: " An 
advantage gained with such dilh'culty and so 
little honour, was yet sufficient for the levity 
and vanity of Cathal. He founded an abbey 

2 



196 



[1210. 



Cpeac DO benam la gallaib mi6e, ~\ la muipcfprac cappac ua ppfpjail 
ap uib bpium na Sionna, ) Diapmaic mac coippbealbaij mic maoileaclainn, i 
Dpeam Do connachcaibh DO bpeir poppa 50 pairhib popp na jallaib 50 crop- 
cpacap cuilleab ap ceD eiccip rhapbab, ~\ babab Diob. Do pochaip mac uf 
Concobaip i pppiorgum na pjaiiinpe 50 nopuing Dia muincip a maille ppip 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1219. 
Cloip Cpiopo, mile, Da ceo, a naoi Decc. 

Qob ua maoileoin eppcop cluana mic noip DO bacab. 

ponachcan ua bpondin comopba column cille Do ecc, ~\ plann ua bpol- 
chcinn DO oiponeab ina lonab ip in comopbup. 

TTlaelfpclamn mac Concobaip maonmaije Do mapb'ab la TTla^nup mac 
coippbealbaij f Concobaip lap njabdil cije paip i ccluain cuaipcipc. 

Sluaiccheab la hUa noomnaill .1. Domnall mop i ngaipbrpian connacc Da 



upon the field of action called de Cotte Victorias ; 
and by this weak and inconsiderate mark of 
triumph, raised a trophy to the romantic valour 
of his enemies." 

Mr. Moore says, in opposition to all writers, 
that this battle was fought on the site of the 
abbey, between two rivals of the house of 
O'Conor, but he quotes no authority, and we 
must therefore conclude that he drew his account 
of the event by inference from other collateral 
facts. The truth would seem to be that there is 
no evidence to prove that such a battle was ever 
fought, and it is, therefore, but fair to assume 
that the name de Cotte Victories is but a fanciful 
Latinized translation of cnoc IDuaioe, orKnodt- 
moy. 

1 Hy-Briuin oft/ie Shannon, otherwise <-:illi <1 
Tir Briuin na Sionna, now Tir ui Bhrinin. A 
lxutiful district in the county of Koscommon, 
lying between Elphin and Jamestown, of which 
( r.Mimachain, now Monahan, was chief up to the 
year 1249, but after that period it became the 



lordship of O'Beirne. To this circumstance 
O'Dugan refers in the following lines: 

rflumeip beipn, cpoba an carpal, 
dp thacaiB O'Dlannachun; 
.Cpe jled, cpe Bpi^j, qie bugap, 
Q|- Ie6 cip a o-canguoap. 

" The O'Beirnes, a brave battalion, 
Are over the race of O'Monahau ; 
By fighting, by vigour, by threatning, 
The district into which they came is their's." 

' Under this year the Annals of Ulster and of 
Kilronan record the death of Gilla-Ernan O'Mar- 
tan, chief Brehon of Ireland, who had retind 
into a monastery ; and the latter annals record 
the death of the poet O'Maelrioc, the most dis- 
tinguished of the poets of Ireland, next after the 
O'Dulys ; also the death of O'Nioc, Abbot of 
Kilbeggan; and they also record the burning of 
that part of the town of Athlone belonging to 
Mi-ath. 

1 In his place. '1 his passage is thus rendered, 



1219-] 



ANNALS OF TMK KIX(iI)i>M OK IKKI.AXI). 



A ilfpredatiim was committed l>y the English of Mi-ntli. and liv Murtough 
Carragh O'Farrell on the Hy-Hriuin of the Shannon'. Dermot, the son .t 
Turlough, who was the soaof Melaghlin, and some of the Connaciau.-. ovrr- 
took them, and defeated the English, of whom upwards of one hundred 
persons were either slain or drowned. The son of O'Conor and some of hi < 
people fell fighting, in the heat of the conflict*. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1219. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred nineteen. 

Hugh O'Malone, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, was drowned. 

Fonaghtan O'Bronan, Coarb of St. Columbkille, died ; and Flann O'Brol- 
laghan was appointed in his place*. 

ughlin, the son of Conor Moinmoy, was slain by Manus", the son of 
Turlough O'Conor, who had taken his house (by force) at Cloontuskert". 

An army wasjed by O'Donnell (Donnell More) into the Rough Third of 



word for word, in the old translation of the Annals 
of Ulster : " A. D. 1219. Fonaghtan O'Bronan, 
Coarb of Colum-kill, died. Flan O'Brolcan was 
put iti his place in the coarbship;" and thus by 
Colgan, in Triat Thaum., p. 506: "Fanactanus 
U'Broin, Abbas Dorensis, obiit; et in ejus locum 
PUnnius O'Brolchain sufluctus est." 

In the Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster it 
is stated, that on the death of O'Bronan, a dis- 
pute arose between the people of Derry and the 
Kinel-Owen, about the election of a successor ; 
that the people of Derry elected Mac Cawell, 
and that Hugh O'Neill and the Kinel-Owen 
.I Flann O'Brollaghnn, and established him 
in the co:irV)ship; that soon after a dispute arose 
between the people of Derry ami O'Brollaghan, 
when the latter was expelled; that after this 
the people of Derry and the Kitu-1-lhven fleeted 
Murti'iiL'li l I'MillL'iiii. the Lector of Derry, who 
enjoyed his professorship and the abbacy for a 
year, vtl pavlo jilii*, when a dispute arose between 



him and Godfrey O'Deery, the E rough, about tin 
professorship, when the matter was referred to 
the Coarb of St. Patrick, who settled their dif- 
ferences, and decided, by consent of all the par' 
that John Mac Infhir leighinn should be ap- 
pointed to the professorship. 

" Afanut, mojjnup He was the tenth son of 

Turlough More O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland. 
See Book of Lecan, foL 72, b, col. 4. 

" Cloonttitkert, cluain cuaipcipc There are 
two places of this name in Connaught, but tin- 
one here referred to it unquestionably that si- 
tuated near the River Suck, about five miles 
south of Ballina.-l.K-, in the county of Gal way, 
where are the ruins of an extensive monastery 
erected by O'Kelly. Conor Moinmoy O'Conor, 
the father of Melaghlin O'Conor, who had hi* 
house here, made great efforts to wrest the ter- 
ritory of Moinmoy from the O'KelJys of lh 
Many, and erected a castle at Ballinasloe, in tin- 
very heart of their country. 



198 ciNNata Rioghachca emeciNR [1220. 



bpnaip bpaijDe, -| urhla uf puaipc, -| ui l?aijilli, i cara ao6a pinn u>le -| 
jabail 06 lap pin cpe pfpaib manach 50 po milleab laip gac conaip cpep <t 
ccuohcaiD ecip cill, i cuaic ooneoc bai i pppfpabhpa ppipp. 

Ualcpa DC lacg, i mac uilliam bnpc Do ceacc a Saproibh. 

OuV)Dapa mac Tnuipfbaijj ui maille Do mapbaD i njfirheal la cacal 
cpoibhbfpcc ina longpopc pfin cpe na rhijniomaibh. 

6noa mac Danaip uf maoilciapain DO ecc. 

QO13 CR1OSO, 1220. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, Da ceD, a pice. 

lacobup DO cocc i nGpinn ina lejaioec on bpapa DO pfibiuccaD, -] 
DopDucchaD Dal ecclapcacDa na h6peanr, ) a ool pop cculaibh Dopioipi. 

Oiapmaic mac TCuaiopi (.1. mac coippDealbaij moip) Concobaip DO map- 
baD la comap mac uccpaij 05 cecc a hinnpibh jail, ap ccionol coblaij DO 
Diapmaic 05 cecc Do jabail pije connachr. TTlaolpuanqiD ua Duboa Do 
barab ap an ccoblac cceDna. 

TTTIaolpeachlainn, mac maoilpeclamn bice Do bachab ap loc pib. 

Oiapmaic mac bpiain Daill DO mapbaD Do mac macgamna ui bpiain cpe 
meabail. 

SluaijeaD la ualcpa De lacg, ) la jallaib mibe 50 hach bacc 50 nofpn- 

x Bough Third of Connauglit, yaipbrpian Con- Brian, the brother of the Monarch Niall, of the 

nacr. Connell Mageoghegan, in his translation Nine Hostages, and ancestor of the most dis- 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, states that the tinguished families of Connaught. 
rough third of Connaught comprised the counties * CPMalley, ua maille. The O'Malleys \ven- 

of Leitrim, Longford, and Cavau. " A. D. 765. The chiefs of Umhall, a territory comprising the ba- 

Rules of St. Quseran and St. Aidan were preached ronies of Murrisk and Burrishoole, in the A\<I 

in the three thirds of Counaught, whereof the of the county of Mayo. It was divided into t\vn 

two Brenyes and Annally, counties of Leytrym, parts, called Upper and Lower Umhall, tlie for- 

Longford, and Cavan were one third part called mer comprising the barony of Murrisk, and the 

the Rough Third Part of Connaught" latter that of Burrishoole. These divisions are 

* Race of Aedh Finn, car aeoa pinn, i. e. the called the Owles by English writers. See map 

O'Rourkes, O'Reillys, and their correlatives, de- prefixed to Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of 

scended from Aedh Finn, son of Feargna, the son Uii-Fincliruch, printed for the Irish Archteologi- 

of Fergus, son of. Muireadhach, son of Eoghan cal Society in 1844. 
Sriabh, son of Duach Galach, who was son of * Under this year the Annals of Kilronan 



1-2-20.] \\N.\I.S OF TI1K KINGDOM OF MlKLAND 



t*, and obtained hostages and submission from O'Rourke and O'Ri-illy, 
and from all the race of Aedh Finn'. lie afterwards passed through Ferm.i 
nagh, and destroyed every place through which he passed, both lay and e< 
siasticnl property, wherein there was any opposition to- him. 

Walter (Ic Lacy and the son of William Burke returned from England. 

Duvdara, the son of Murray 1 O'Malley, was put to death for his crimes by 
Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, while in fetters in O'Conor's fortress. 

Enda, the son of Danar O'Mulkieran, died*. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1220. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty. 

Jacobus came to Ireland as the Pope's Legate, to regulate and constitute 
tin- ecclesiastical discipline of Ireland, and then returned home 6 . 

l3ermot, the son of Roderic (who was son of Turlough More O'Conor), was 
>luin by Thomas Mac Uchtry, as he was coming from the Insi Gall (Hebrides), 
after having there collected a fleet, for the purpose of acquiring the kingdom 
' { Connaught. Mulrony O'Dowda was drowned on the sajpe expedition. 

Melaghlin, the son of Melaghlin Beg [O'Melaghlin], was drowned in Lough 
Ree. 

Dermot, the son of Brian Dall, was treacherously slain by the son of Main >n 
O'Brien. 

An army was led by Walter de Lacy and the English of Meath to 

contain the following entries, of which the Four Salvation." 

Masters have collected no account: " A. D. 1219. But in the Annals of Kilronan, under the year 

Ilic Coarb of Feichin of Fore mortuut wt" 1221, this entry is given differently, thus: A. L). 

"Cluain Coirbthe [Kilbarry] was burned, both 1221. lacop penciuil DO cfcc map Uguio 6 

its houses and church, in this year, and Drogheda Roim oo peoujuo 6ul ejlaroacoo, 7 eiptu^u 

was carried away by the flood. no n-ec o'op, 7 o'aipgeo DO cimpujuo 66 o 

6 Returned home. In the Annals of Clomnac- cleipciB Sperm cpe Simoneace, 7 imceuce oo a 

. :i> tniiislated by Mageoghegan, this passage h-6ptnn ip |n mbliuouin ci&no. "A. 1). \'2'2l. 

is given as follows: Jacob Penciailcame to Ireland as a Legate fruin 

A. 1>. I _"_' i. Jacob, the Pope's Legate, came Rome, to settle the ecclesiastical affairs, ami h. 

to Inluiul thif yr:ir, went about all the King- collected horse-loads of gold and iilver from the 

dome lor tho Kfloriimtion of the Inhabitants, clergy of Ireland by simony, and he departed 

:iml constituted many wholesome rules for their from Ireland the same year." 



200 

pac uprhop caiplein ann. SluaijeaD ele la cacal cpoibofpcc cap Sionamn 
poip ip in ccalaD, jup gab eccla na joill 50 noeapnpac pic le hua cconcobh- 
aip, 1 co po pccaoilpioc connaccaijh an caiplen. 

On caipneach piabach rhaj plannchaDa, i pfpgal mas pampaDam DO 
mapbaD la hOooh ua puaipc .1. mac oomnaill mic peapjail, -| la clomn 



QO1S C171OSD, 1221. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceD, pice a h-aoin. 

Sancc Dominic [DO ecc]. 
Copbmac ab comaip Do rhapban. 

TTlac hujo De laci DO rechc q nGpinn DO nfmroil Rfj Safari, ~[ cainij 
i mbaiD ao6a uf nell. Oo coibpioD ap aon i, najjaiD gall 6peann, ~\ DO 



c Qr liaj, now called baile ara liaj and 
Anglicised Ballyleague. The name or liaj was 
originally applied to the ford on the Shannon at 
Lanesborough. Ballyleague is now the name of 
that part of the village of Lanesborough, on the 
west side of the Shannon, in the province of Con- 
naught See Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, 
printed for the Irish Archaeological Society, in 
1843, and the map prefixed to the same work. 
The Athliag on the Shannon is called Athliag 
Finn in the work called Dinnsenchus, where 
it is explained the ford of Finn's [Mac Cum- 
haill's] stones. There is another place on the 
River Suck, called anciently Athliag Maenacain, 
i. e. St. Maenacan's Stony-ford, now Anglicised 
Athleague. 

d Caladh This territory is still well known 

in the country, and contains the parish of Rath- 
cline, in the west of the county of Longford. 
This passage is given as follows, in Mageoghe- 
rau's translation of the Anuals of Clonmacnoise. 
" A.D. 1220. Walter Delacie and the Kn-lish 
of Muath, with thoirforces, went to Athliag, where 
they founded a castU-, which they finished almost; 



whereupon, Cattail Crovederg, King of Con- 
nought, with his forces, went to the west" [rede 
east] " of the river of Synen, and the English- 
men, seeing them encamped at Calace, were 
strocken with fear, and came to an attoneinent 
of Truce ; the Englishmen returned to their own 
houses, and Cahall Crovederg broke down the 
said Castle." The passage is better given in the 
Annals of Kilronan, but under the year 1221, 
as follows: 

A. D. 1221. Caiplen Qra liaj DO puabmpc 
Do oenurii oo Ualopa Delaci, j oo pluaj5 "O 
rnioe ule. Oo cualaoap imoppu Connacca pin 
cancooap caipip miap co pancooap cpi lap 
muincipe h Ctn^oile, j a roaj mbpenjjmuioe 
jup loipceoop Oamjjfn hi Chinnn, -j co noea- 
caoap cpemic piap ip in Caluo, cup pcicbao 
ooib in cmplen ap eicm, -j rpe coin pra. 

"A. D. 1221. The Castle of Ath liag was at- 
tempted to be made by Walter De Lacy and the 
forces of all Meath. But when the Conna<;ian> 
heard of this, they came across [the Shannon] 
from the West, and proceeded through the mid- 
dle of Muintir-Annaly, and Magh Breagh- 



L221.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM <>! I UK LAM) 



Athliag c , where they erected the greater part of a castle. Another army 
was led by Cathal Crovderg, eastwards across the Shannon, into the territory 
of Caladh d , mid tlie English, being stricken with fear, made peace with him; 
and the Commcians destroyed the castle. 

The Cairneach Riabhach' Mac Clancy', and Farrell Magauran', were killed 
by Hugh, the son of Donnell, who was son of Farrell O'Rourke, and by the 
Clann-Fermaighe*. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1221. 

V 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-one. 

St. Dominic [died]. 
Cormac, Abbot of Comar 1 , was killed. 

The son of Hugo de Lacy came to Ireland, without the consent of* the King 
>t Kngland, and joined Hugh O'Neill. Both set out to oppose the English of 



uihuidhe, and burned O'Quin's fortress, and pan- 
ing through it westwards into the territory of 
Caladh [i. e. Caladh na h-Anghaile], they com- 
pelled the castle to be left to them, on conditions 
of i>eace." 

' The Cairneach Rialhac/t, L e. tarerdos futcut, 
the swarthy or tan-coloured priest. O'Clery ex- 
plains the word cuipneuc by pojapc, a priest. 
It was the name of a celebrated saint, who flou- 
rished in the sixth century, and had his principal 

church at Dulane, near Kells in Muath See 

Jiattle of Magh Rath. pp. 20, 146. 

1 .1/nr Clancy, mux plunnchuoo, was chief of 
Dartry, now the barony of Bossclogher, in the 
iirtli of the county of Leitrim. 

* Matfauran, muc r-ampuoain. This name is 

sometimes Anglicised Magovern and Mogowrau. 

The head of the family was chief of the territory 

I .'alach Eachdhach, now the barony of Tully- 

liuw, in the north-wot of the county of Cavan. 

b Clann-Fermaighe. See note under the year 

1^17. Under this year the Annals of Kilronan 

rJ the death of Gilchreest Magornmn. tin- 



great priest of Taglishinny" [in the county of 
Longford], "a senior distinguished by his piety, 
charity, wisdom, learning, and writings, on his 
pilgrimage in the sanctuary of Iniscloghran" [in 
Lough Kee]. 

They also record the coming of Lucas de Le- 
treuille f Netterville] into Ireland, as Primate of 
all Ireland, and remark that he was the first 
Englishman that became Primate of Ireland. 
For more of this Primate's history, see Har- 
ris's Ware, vol. L pp. 64, 65. 

1 Comar. This place is called Domhnach Com- 
bttir, in the sixth life of St. Patrick, upon which 
Colgan writes the following note in Triat Thanm.. 
p. 114, col. 2, note 142: " Domnack comma ir 
hodie sine addito vocatur Comar, estque noliilc 
cocnobium Dioccsis Dunensis et Connerensia." 
It is now a village on the north-west branch of 
Lough Cuan, or the Lake of Strangford, in the 
barony of Castlereagh, and county Down. 

" Without the content of. Do nimroil. In the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster the phrase 
is (xi mnoeoin, which would mean " I'M detpitt 



2 D 



202 



[1222. 



Deacaccap cecup 50 ciilpacam, i po pcaoilpioc a caiplen. Loccup lapam 
i mi6e, i i laijnib gup po rmllpioc lie Don cup pom. Uionolaio cpa goill 
Gpeann cfcpe cara picfe 50 oealccam. Uainicc aoo 6 neill -| mac Hugo 
cecpe caca commopa ma naai6 co rruccpac goill annpinn a bpfc pfm oua 
nell. 

QO13 CR1OSO, 1222. 
Qoip CpiopD, mfle, Da ceo, pice aoo. 



Ctn ceppcop mag ^ e ^ ain eppcop cille oapa Decc. 

Qilbm ua maolmuaio eppcop pfpna Decc. 

TTlaoibpa ua ploinn ppioip eapa mic nepc Decc. 

^065 ua baoijill ponup -\ caccao cuaipcipc Gpeann, cioonaicceac peD, 
] maoine Daop jaca Dana Decc. 

Niall 6 nell DO papucchao Doipe im nijin ui carain. l?o ofojail Dia -| 
colum cille innpin uaip nip bo cian a paojal pom oia ep. 



of." The whole passage is thus rendered in the 
old translation of the Ulster Annals : 

'A. D. 1221. Hugo de Lacy his son, came 
into Ireland against the King of England's will, 
and came to Hugh O'Neale, and they on both 
sides went against the Galls of Ireland, and 
spoyled much in Meath, Leinster, and Vlster, 
and broke down the castle of Culrathan. And 
the Galls of Ireland gathered 24 Battles" [bat- 
talions] "toDelgain, and Hugh O'Neale and 
Hugh de Lacye's son came against them,4 Bat- 
tles" [battalions] " where the Galls gave O'Neale 
his own will" [co cucj-ac jaill bpec a beoil 
F ein o' O Neill]. 

1 Under this year the Annals of Kilronan re- 
cord the death of DermotO'Culeachain, "a learnrd 
historian and scribe; a man who had more books 
and knowledge than any one of his time, lie who 
had transcribed the Mass Book of Knock, and a 
befitting Office Book for Dermot Mageraghty, his 
tutor, and for Gillapatrick, his own foster-bro- 
r, who were successively coarbs of Aehadh 



Fabhair" [Aghagower, in the county of Mayo]. 

m Albin CPMulloy. He was raised to this dig- 
nity in the year 1 186. He was the great rival 
of Giraldus Cambrensis, to whom the bishop- 
ric of Ferns had been offered by John Earl of 
Moreton, afterwards KiugJohn; but Giraldu> 
refusing to accept of it, Albin O'Molloy, then 
Abbot of Baltinglass, was elected bishop. It is 
stated in the Dublin copy of the Annals of Innis- 
fallen, that this "righteous philosopher preachy I 
an excellent sermon at a synod in Dublin, in 
the year 1185, on the chastity of the clergy, and 
proved satisfactorily before the archbishop, John 
Cumin, and the whole convocation, that the 
Welsh and English clergy, by their vicious livo 
and bad examples, had corrupted the chaste and 
unspotted clergy of Ireland, a thing which gave 
great offence to Giraldus, who wus called Cam- 
brensis." 

For more particulars of the history of this re- 
markable prelate, the reader is referred to Har- 
ris's Ware, MI!, i. j,p. -139, 440; und 



1222 



ANNALS OF T1IK KI.NCDn.M <! IKKI.AND. 



In-land, and first went to Coleraiiu-, \vhfiv thry demolished il<- They 

afterwanls went into Mt-ath and Leinster, and destroyed a great nunilxr ui' 
persons on that occasion. The English of Ireland mustered twenty-four 1 >atta- 
lions at Dundalk, whither Ilui/h < >'Nt -ill, and the son of Hugo de Lacy, came 
to oppose them with four great battalions. The English upon this occasion 
gave his own demands to O'Neill'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1222. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred ticenty-tiro. 

Mag-Gelain, Bishop of Kildare, died. 

Albin O'Mulloy, Bishop of Ferns, died. 

Maclisa O'Flynn, Prior of Eas-mac-neirc", died. 

Teige O'Boyle, the Prosperity and Support of the North of Ireland, and 
! 'slower of jewels and riches upon men of every profession, died. 

Mall O'Neill violated" Derry with the daughter of O'Kane, but God and 
St Columbkille were avenged for that deed, for he did not live long after it. 



Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. iv. p. 277- 
Ea-mac-neirc, now called Gaf ui phloinn, 
from the family of O'Flynn, who were the he- 
reditary Erenaglis of the place. Ware thought 
(Antii[. c. '26, at Roecominon), that this place 
might have been the same as Inchmacnerin, an 
island in Lough Key; but this notion cannot be 
reconciled with the statements of the older 
writers, who never speak of it as an island, and 
:i::ive in placing it near the River 6uill (Boyle). 
C'olgan thought that it was the very monastery 
\vliieh, many centuries later, fell into the posses- 
sion of the Cistercian order, and became BO fa- 
mous under the name of the Abbey of Boyle ; 
" Eat mac iteirc Monasterium ad ripam Buellii 
lluvii in Conocia. llodie vocatur Monasterium 
Buelleiise ct.[ue ordinis Cisterciensis." Act. 
494. But Colgan, who knew but little 
of tht> localities about Lough Key, is un<|iics- 
tionably wrong, for the great Cistercian Abbey 
of Boyle was that culled Atli-da-Laurc. O'Don- 

2 



nell, in his Life of Columbkille, lib. i. c. 104, dis- 
tinctly points out the situation of Eas mic Eire, 
as follows : 

" Inde ultra Senannum versus occidentem 
progressus pervenit [Columba] ad turn locum 
cui praeterlabentis Buellii fluminis vicina cath- 
aracta nomen fecit Eat-mic-h'irc, eumque Deo 
acravit" The place is now called Assylyn, 
which is but an anglicised form of 6up u i Fl'l tnn > 
and is situated on the north bank of the Kivcr 
Boyle, about a mile west of the town. The ruins 
of t lie church still remain, and, in the memory of 
the old inhabitants, a part of a round tower was 
to be seen adjoining it. 

Violated. In the old translation of the An- 
nals of Ulster this passage is rendered as follow*: 
"A. D. 1222. Neal O'Neal forcibly took away 
OTathan his daughter, and God and Columb- 
kill miraculously shortened his days." 'Hie 
word pupii juo in this sense means to profane 
or violate. We cannot understand from this 

D2 



uio^hachca emeawN. 



1-223. 



mochoinni ua cacail cijeapna ceneoil aooa coip -j nap DO 
mapbab la Sfcnapac mac jiolla na tiaomh uf Sfchnapaijh mp na bpar oa 
rhuipcip pen. 

TTlop in^ean ui baoijill bfn QrhlaiH uf beollain Decc. 



CIO1S CR1OSO, 1223. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mfle, Da ceo, pice, a cpf. 

TTlailiopa mac coippDealBai^ uf Choncobaip ppioip innpi mfboin Decc. 

Oubrach ua oubraijh abb conga Decc. 

Sloiccheab la hua noorhnaill (oomnall mop) co cpuacham connachc, 



sentence what Niall O'Neill did to the daughter 
of O'Kane; it merely states that he profaned 
Deny by some misconduct towards the daugh- 
ter of O'Kane. The j>apujn6 would be com- 
mitted by taking her a prisoner from the sanc- 
tuary, in order to detain her as a hostage ; by vio- 
lating her person, without carrying her away; or 
by forcing her away in abduction, with a view of 
marrying her See note under 1223, on bacall 
mop colmuin cille mic Ouuc. 

p Maelisa, the son of Turlough 0' Conor. Ac- 
cording to the Book of Lecan, fol. 72, b, coL 4, 
this Maelisa was the eldest of the three sons of 
Turlough More O'Conor, monarch of Ireland, by 
his married wife. It appears that he embraced 
a religious life in his youth, and left his younger 
brothers to contend with each other for the 
sovereignty of Connaught, and crown of Ireland. 

q Inisfimaine, Imp mfoom, i. e. the middle 

island It is situated in the east side of Lough 

Mask, in the county of Mnyo, between the islands 
called Inis Cumhang and Inis Eoghain. It con- 
tains the ruins of a small but beautiful abbey. 

' Croghan, Cpuucam, now generally called 
Kathcroghan It is situated in the parish of 
Kilcorkey, nearly midway between I'x-lanagare 
nud Elphin, in the county of lioscomnion. This 



was the ancient palace of the Kings of Connaught, 
so celebrated in the Bardic histories of Ireland 
as having been erected in the first century by 
Eochaidh Feidhleach, monarch of Ireland, the 
father of the celebrated Meave, Queen of Con- 
naught. As the remains at Rathcroghan have 
never been minutely described by any of our 
topographical writers, the Editor is tempted 
here to give a list of the forts and other ancient 
remains still visible at the place. It may be 
described as the ruins of a town of ratV. 
having the large rath called Rathcroghan, placed 
in the centre. This great rath is at present 
much effaced by cultivation ; all its circumval- 
lations (for such it originally had) are destroyed, 
and nothing remains of it but a flat, green moat, 
said to be hollow in the centre, and to contain a 
large, round chamber with a conical roof. 'Hie 
natives of the district believe that there were 
apertures all round the moat which admitted 
light and air to this internal chamber, which is 
now inhabited only by Queen Mab and her at- 
tendant fairies. The following are the present 
names of the raths and other artificial featuiv- 
wliic-h stand around it. Many of them arc 
clearly modern, thoimh the features to which 
they are applied ore ancient. 



1223 



ANN.M.s OF TIIK KINGDOM < >F IKKLAND. 



a .- 



(Jillii Moclminni O'Cahill, Lord of Kincloa East and \\V-t. was slain l>v 
ShaughneSsy, t! !' ' iilla-na-naev O'Shaughnessy, after having been be- 

trayed by his own people. 

M >ie, daughter of O'Boyle, and wife of Auliffe O'Beollain [Roland], died. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1223. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-three. 

Mudisa, the son of Turlough 0'Conor p , Prior of Inishmaine q , died. 

nullah O'DufFy, Abbot of Cong, died. 

An finny was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) to Croghan', in C 



1. Hath Screig, to the north, in the townland 
I' TiiU-rrory ; 2. Cuirtmhaol, near RatliScrei;;, 
in the same townland ; 3. Rath Carraiu. a fort 
containing a cave, in the same townland ; 4. Rath- 
beg, in the townland of Hathcroghan, lying to 
tin' north-west of the great central rath ; 5. 
li':itliiii.r<\ lying about five- hundred paces to the 
north-west of Rathbeg ; 6. Knockaun-Stanly, 
i. e. Stanly's Hillock, a fort lying a quarter of a 
mile t<> the north-west of Hathcroghan ; 7. Rath- 
na-dtarbh, i. e. Fort of the Bulls, due west of 
Ratheroghan ; 8. Rath-na-ndealg, i. e. Fort of 
the Thorns, which gives name to a townland. lies 
a short distance to the west of Rath-na-dtarhh ; 
9. Hath finulaoh, lies to the south-west of Rath- 
oroghan, in the parish of Baslick, and gives name 
to the townland in which it is situated ; 10. 
Caisiol Mhanannain, i. e. Manannan's stone fort, 
lie, ti> tin- south-west, about a quarter of a mile 
from Rathi-rnrhiin, in the townland of Glenbally- 
thomas. This caisiol or circular cyclopean fort 
of stone, is now level with the ground, but its 
outline can yet be traced ; 11. Roilig na Riogh, 
i.e. the Cemetery of the Kings, lies a quarter of 
a mile to the south of Rathcroghan. This was 
tl' royal cemetery o f Connaughtin pagan times, 
ami lias Urn miieh elehrnteil t>y the lainls. It 



is of a circular form, is surrounded with a stone 
wall now greatly defaced, and it measures one 
hundred and sixteen paces in diameter. Ii 
hiliits several small tumuli, now much effaced 
by. time. One of these was opened by the uncle 
of the laU- Mr. O'Conor, of Mount Druid, who 
tin mil that it contained a small square chamber 
of stone-work, without cement, in which \ 
some decayed bones. 

Close to die north of Roilig-na-Riogh is 
small hillock, called Cnocan na gcorp, i. . tin- 
Hillock of the Corpses, whereon, it is said, the 
Ixxliesof the kings were wont to be laid while 
the graves were being dug or opened. About 
two hundred paces to the north of the circular 
enclosure called Roilig-na-Riogh is to be seen a 
small circular enclosure, with a tumulus in the 
centre, on the top of which is a very remarkable 
red pillar-stone which marks the grave of Dathi, 
the last pagan monarch of Ireland, and the an- 
cestor of the O'Dowdas of Tir Fiachrach. This 
stone stood perpen<lirulurly when seen by tin- 
Editor in the year 1 837, and measured seven fei-t in 
height, and four feet six inches in width at ite 
base, and three feet near the top. It gradually 
tapered, and was nearly round at the top. It i- 
ralled the caipre oearij;. or red pillar-ntone, by 



2(Xi 



[1224. 



appame In rcuaraib connachc, -j cap Suca pmp pip rhill q jup cpfchloipcc 
jjach cip jup a pamicc co ppuaip a mbpai^De -| a nurhla. 

Seachnupach mac jpolla na naom uf peachnupaij DO rhapbab no cloinn 
cinlein, q papucchab na bachla rhoipe Cholmdin cille mic Ouach uime. 

TTlupchab cappac ua pfpjail Do mapbab Daon upcop paijDe, 05 Denarii 
jjpeippi ap Got) mac Gmlaoibh uf pfpjuil. 

QO1S C171O8D, 1224. 
Ctoip Cpiopo, mile, Da ceo, a cfchaip. 

fflamipcip. 8. ppompiaip i narluam Do nonnpcnab la cacal cpoiboeapj ua 
cconcobaip la pij connacc in eppuccoiDeacc cluana mic noip ap bpu na 
pionna allanoip. 



Duald Mac Firbis, in his account of the monarch 
Dathi, in the pedigree of the O'Dowdas. See 
Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach, printed for 
the Irish Archaeological Society in 1 844, pp. 24, 
25, note m . 

12. Cathair na Babhaloide, the caher or stone 
Fort of the feasting Party, lies about three quar- 
ters of a mile to the east of Rathcroghan ; 13. 
Cam Ceit, lies one mile to the south-west of Rath- 
croghan ; it is a tumulus raised over the cele- 
brated Ceat Mac Magach, a Connacian champion 
who flourished in the first century, and was con- 
temporary with the heroes of the Red Branch in 
Ulster. 

There are two large stones lying flat on the 
ground, about one hundred paces to the north- 
west of Rathcroghan, the one a large square rock 
called Milleen Meva, the other, measuring nine 
feet in length, two feet in breadth, and about 
two feet in thickness, is called Misgan Meva. 

There are also some curious natural caves near 
this fort of Rathcroghan, in connexion with 
which there are some wild legends told in the 
neighbourhood, and there are also some written 
ones in ancient Irish manuscripts. The n-mliT 
will find all the above forts accurately shewn on 



the Ordnance Map of the county of Roscommon, 
sheets 21 and 22. 

* Clann-Cuikn Until the year 1318 the 

territory of the Clann Cuileain, which belonged 
to the Mac Namaras of Thomond, was a small 
district lying eastwards of the River Fergus in 
the county of Clare, and containing the follow- 
ing parishes, viz., Quin, Tulla, Cloney, Dowry, 
Kilraghtis, Kiltalagh, now included in the parish 
of Inchacronan, Templemaley, Inchacronan, and 
Kilmurry-na-Gall. But after the year 1318, in 
which the Hy-Bloid were defeated by the descen- 
dants of Turlough O'Brien, aided by the Mac 
Namaras, the latter got possession of nearly the 
entire country lying between the River Fergus 
and the Shannon. 

1 Bachal mor, i. e. the great crozier. This re- 
lic is yet extant, but in very bad preservation. 
It is in the cabinet of George Petrie, Esq., Au- 
thor of the Essay on the Round Towers, and an- 
cient Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland. 

u Cdtnan Mac Duach, i. e. Colman the son of 
Duach, who founded the church called Kilmac- 
duagh, situated in the barony of Kil tartan, in 
the county of Galway, about the year 620. He- 
was of the illustrious tribe of Hy-Fiachrach 



I _>_> I 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINGDOM )F IKK I. AN I). 



-'7 



t hence into tin- Tuathas of Connaught, and westwards across the Suck, and 
plundered and burned every territory which he entered, until he had received 
their hostages and subnii.-^ious. 

Shaii'.'line.y, tlie son of Gilla-na-naev O'Shaughnessy, was slain by the 
Clann-Ciiilen', a deed by which the liachal mor 1 of St Colman", son of Duach, 
was profaned*. 

Murrough Carragh O'Farrell was slain [at Granard, An. Ult.] by an arrow, 
in ;i battle against Hugh, the son of AulilFe O'Farrell". 



THE AGE .OF CHRIST, 1224. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-four. 

Monastery of St. Francis at Athlone, was commenced by Cathal Crov- 
<lerg O'Conor, King of Connaught, in the diocese of Clonmacnoise, on the > 
ern bank of the Shannon. 



Aiclhnp, in the south of the province of Con- 
naught, and nearly related to Guaire Aidhne, 
Kinp of that province, so famed in Irish history 
for unbounded hospitality. See Colgan's Actn 
XX.. p. 248. 

* \\'nt profantd, DO papujao When parties 
had sworn on a croziur or any relic to observe 
certain conditions, such as to offer protection to 
a man in case he made his appearance, and that 
such an oath was afterwards violated, the crozier 
<>r relic, in the language of these Annals, was 
said to be profaned. The true application of the 
word papuflao will appear from the following 
passage in these Annals at the year 907 : 

A.D. 907. Sopuccab dpomacha la Cfpn- 
uchun mac Ouiljjen .1. cimbio oo Bpeic ap in 
ciU, 7 a Vx'iuub hi loch Cuip ppi h-cipomacha 
(in nip. Cfpnnchan oo fiaoxo la Niall mac 
Qooa, pijq m cuaipcipc ip in loc ceona hi 
ccionn pt'ipmj^re paopaicc. 

It i- translated by Colgan as follows in his 
Annals of Armagh : 

" 907- liatiliea strdmaehana tocriUffam vim 



pasta per Kernathanumfilium Dulgeni ; qui queu- 
e/am Captiuum to refuyij cauta ejfitgientem, ex 
Ecclesia sacrilego ausu eiJraxit, et in lacu de LoeJi 
Kirr ttrbi versus occiderttem adiaeenti, suffocant!, 
ted Kernachanm intlam lanti sacrikgij ptrnam, 
max luit, per Niellumjilium Aidi Regent Aquito- 
narii partis : et posted totius Ilibcrnio! in eodeni 
lacu sufibcatus." Trial Thaum. p. 296; see alw. 
note on Terrnon Caelainne under the year 1225. 

" Under this year the Annals of Kilronan liavr 
the following entries, which have been omitted 
by the Four Masters : 

" A. D. 1223. Clonmacnoise was burned, in- 
cluding two churches, and many valuable arti- 
cles. 

" A great storm occurred the day after the fes- 
tival of St Matthew, which destroyed all tin 
oats throughout Ireland that remained unreaped 
in the fields. 

" Finn O'Carmacaa, a steward to the King of 
Connaught, and who held much land, died. 

" Twenty-six feet were added to the church of 
Tigh Sinche [Taghshinny, in thr ..mnty of 



eirceciNN. 



[1224. 



TTIaolmuipe 6 connmaic eppoc ua bpiacpac -\ cenel aor>a Do ecc. 

Gppoc Conmaicne, .1. an gailleppoc Decc. 

TTluipjiup cananac mac Puaibpi uf concobaip aon ba Deappcnaija Do 
aoibelaib illegionn, i ccanncaipeacc, -\ a nDenarh ueppa Decc, ~| a abnacal 
i ccunga. 

ITIaolcaoimjpn ua Scm5in aipcinneac apoa capna Decc. 

TTlaoilipu mac an eppuic in maoilpajmaip peappun ua bpiacpac ~\ ua 
namaljaba, -] a'bbap eppuic ap eccna, Do mapbab Do mac Donnchaba ui 
6uboa map nap bu bo uaip nocap rhapb neac Dufb DubDa piarh cleipeac 56 
pin. 

Cior-abbal abuarrhap Dpeapram i ccuiD Do connaccaib, .1. i ccip maine i 
Sooain, i in uib Diapmgca =fc. Diap pap cebm, 1 jalap aibbpec DO cfrpaib 



Longford], by the priest of the town, namely, 
Mael- Magorman. 

" William de Lacy came to Ireland and made the 
Crannog [wooden house] of Inis Laeghachain ; but 
the Connacians came upon the island by force, 
and let out the people who were on it, on parole." 
This latter entry is given in Mageoghegan's 
translation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise under 
the year 1222, as follows : "A. D. 1222. Wil- 
liam Delacie and the English of Meath, with their 
forces, founded a castle at Loghloygeaghan ; the 
Connoghtmen of the other side came with their 
forces to Loghloygeachan" [and] " the ward of 
the said castle came forth to the principalls of 
Connoght, and as soone as they were out of the 
Castle the Connoughtmen broke the same, and 
so departed.'" 

* The Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach and Kindea, 

eappoc ua ppiacpac 7 cinel aooa By this 

the Annalists mean the Bishop of Kilmacduagh; 
but they have expressed it incorrectly, for the 
Kinul-Aodha were Hy-Fiachrach, as much as the 
inhabitants of the rest of the diocese of Kilmac- 
duagh. They should have called O'Conmaic 
Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach Aidlinu, which would 
express the diocese of Kilnincduach without 
adding another word; or have called him Bishop 



of Coill Ua bh-Fiachrach and Kinel Aodha na 
h-Echtghe, which would express and distinguish 
the two districts of which the diocese consisted, 
namely, the countries of O'Heyne and O'Shaugh- 
nessy: but the fact is, that the Four Masters 
who compiled this work from various sources, 
have left many entries imperfectly arranged. 

' Conmaicne, i. e. of the people and district so 
called, on the east side of the Shannon. The 
principal families among the eastern Conmaicne 
were the O'Farrells and Mac Rannalls, whose 
territories are comprised in the diocese of Ar- 
dagh. The name of this bishop was Kobert, but 
his surname no where appears. He was au Eng- 
lishman, and had been the eleventh abbot of St. 
Mary's Abbey, Dublin, before he was elevated 
to the see of Ardagh See Ware's Bishops by 
Harris, p. 250. 

1 Maurice The natives of Cong still point 
out his tomb in the Abbey, but some suppose 
it is the tomb of his father Roderic. 

* Poetical compositions, a noenam ueppa, li- 
terally " in making of verses." In the Annals 
of Kilronan, the term employed is ueppofnmui- 
oeucc, i. e. in verse-making. In the Lowland 
Scotch a rnuker signifies, "a poet." 

b Ardcarne, Q|io cupnu. A vicarage in the 






ANNALS OF THK KIX(iD).M <>[ IRELAND. 



20f) 



Multnurry O'Conmaic-, Bishop of Ily-Fiachrachand Kinelea* [Kilmacduagh] 
died. 

The Bishop of Conmaicne* [Ardagh], i. e. the English bishop, died. 

Maurice 1 , the Canon, son of Roderic O'Conor, the most illustrious of the 
Iri-h for learning, psalm-singing, and poetical compositions", died, and was in- 
terred at Cong. 

Mulkevin O'Scingin, Erenagh of Ardcarne", died. 

Maelisa, son of the Bishop O'Mulfover, parson of Hy-Ffachrach and II)-- 
. \\vlcy, and inateries of a bishop for his wisdom, was killed by the son of DO- 
IK nigh O'Dowda, a deed strange in him, for none of the O'Dowda's had 
before killed an ecclesiastic. 

A heavy and awful shower c fell on a part of Connaught, namely, on II)-- 
Many", Sedan", in IIy-Diarmada f , and other districts, from which arose a mur- 



diocese of Elphin, situated in the barony of 
Boyle and county of Roscommon, and about four 
miles to the east of the town of Boyle. This 
church was founded by St. Beo-Aedh, a bishop 
who died on the 8th of March, 524 ; and it conti- 
nued for some time to be the head of a bishop's 
see. For some account of the patron saint of 
thi> church, the reader is referred to Colgan's 
' Sanctorum, at 8th of March ; the Feilire 
Aenyuig, and Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, at 
the same day; and also toLanigau's Ecclesiastical 
1 1 1 -lory of Ireland, vol. i. p. 462. Archdall places 
Ardcharn in the county of Westmeath, which 
is a very strange blunder, as Colgan, his autho- 
rity, had described it as in Maghluirg, in Con- 
naught. 

Considerable ruins of the church of Ardcarne 
are still to be seen; and in the field lying be- 
11 tli.' church and the high road are shewn 
slight remains of the walls of an abbey, and the 
foundations of sonic !' tin- houses which consti- 
tuted the ancient village of Ardcarne. 

c A heavy and awful ttower, cioc abbul 
ciDUacriiup. This shower is also mentioned in 
the AinuiU . .1' Kilrunun, but not in any way con- 

2 



nected with the death of Cathal Crovderg, of 
which the Four Masters represent it as an omi- 
nous presage. The literal translation is as fol- 
lows: "A. D. 1224. A shower fell in parts of 
Connaught, namely, in Tirmany, in Soghan, in 
Hy-Diannada, and in Clann-Teige, of which 
there grew a great murrain among the cows, 
after having eaten of the grass and herbage ; and 
the people, after having taken of their milk and 
flesh, contracted many diseases." 

d Jly-Many, ui maine. O' Kelly's country, 
originally extending from Athenry to the Shan- 
non, and from the borders of Thomond to Lanes- 
borough, on the Shannon. 

' Sodan This was the country of the 

O'Mannius, and, as appears from various) autho- 
rities, was included in the present barony of 
Tiaquin, in the county of Ualway. For a list 
of the townlands in the occupation of different 
persons of the name of O'Mannin in this terri- 
tory, in the year 1617, the reader is referred to 
Tribe* and Ctutomt ofHy-Matty, printed for the 
Irish Archcological Society in 1843, p. 164. 

' Hy-Diarntada, ul Oiupmuou. This was the 
tribe name of the O'Concannous, which also be- 



210 



[1224. 



na ccpfoc pempaici lap ccaicfrh an peoip Do pliuch an cioc pa 66ib. Do 
gniob beop lace na mnnileb pin jalpai^n inmeobonca 50 he^-arhail Do na 
Daoimb DO coimleo e. 6a Decbip na Deapbaipbi pi DO cecc i cconnaccaib ip 
in mbliabain pi uaip ba mop an cole, -| an cimneb Do pala boib mnce, .1. 
cacal cpoiboeap5 mac coippbealbaij moip uf concobaip, T?f Connacc, aon ap 



came that of their country. The head of the 
O'Concannons was seated at a place called Kil- 
tullagh, in the county of Gal way, in 1585, and 
his country was then considered a part of Hy- 

Many See Tribes and Customs of Hy- Many, p. 

19, note '. 

CatAal Crovderg, Carol cpoiB&eapj, i.e. 
Cathal, or Charles of theRedHand. The obituary 
of Cathal Crovderg is thus given in the Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Ulster, with which those 
of Kilronan agree. 

"A.D. 1224. Coral cpoiboepj hua concobuip, 
p! connacc, 7 pf jaioel Gpenn ap cocuccaobac 
i mamipcip cnuic muaioe u. Kal. lunn, in 
caen jjaioel ip pepp cainij o bpian bopoma 
anuap ap uaipli, 7 ap onoip ; cojbalach cpep- 
ajmup cocuccacnacuar; pob'apcanacpaiobip 
puairmj poinemail na piccana, 0615 ip pe 
peiriiep DO jabao Decmaib co olijcech ap cup 
i n-iar Gpenn ; columam connail cpaiobec 
cepcbpiarpac cpeiomi 7 cpipruioecca ; cep- 
raijjceoip na cmcac, 7 na coiboenach ; 11165- 
ai jreoip na meiplec 7 na malapcac ; coime- 
cai jcoiccenn cacbuaoac in pecca poo blepcaij;, 
o'd cue t)ia oe^onoip i culmam, 7 in plairiup 
nemoa call ap nej in aibic riianaic DO, lap 
mbpeic buaoa 6 boman 7 o oeman .'' 

Thus rendered in the old translation of the 
Annals of Ulster, in which it is incorrectly placed 
under the year 1223. 

" A, D. 1223. Cathal Crovderg O'Coner, King 
of Connaught, and King of the Irish of Ireland, 
died at the Abbey of Knock-moy, 5 Kal. Junij. 
The best Irishman that was from the time of 
Brien Boroma, for gentility and honor; the up- 



holder, mighty and puissant, of the country; 
keeper of peace, rich and excellent. For in his 
time was tieth payd and established in Ireland 
first legally. Threshold, meek and honest, of 
belief and Christianity ; corrector of transgres- 
sors and thieves ; the banisher of " [the] "wicked 
and robbers" [mu^ai^ceoip na meiplec 7 na 
malapcac] ; " the defender of the right Law, con- 
ning and couragious; to whom God gave great 
honour in this life, and everlasting" [life] " in 
heaven, dying in a Munck's habit, overcoming 
the world and the DevilL" 

Cathal Crovderg was the son of Turlough 
More O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland, and the bro- 
ther of Roderic O'Conor, the last of the Irish mo- 
narchs. According to the traditional story 
told about him in the neighbourhood of Ballin- 
tober, in the county of Mayo, he was the illegi- 
timate son of King Turlough by Gearrog Ny- 
Moran of the territory of Umhall. The tra- 
ditional story, which is very vivid, and believed 
to be true, runs as follows: 

" Shortly before the English invasion of Ire- 
land, the King of Connaught, who was of the fa- 
mily of O'Conor, having no issue by his lawful 
queen, took to his bed a beautiful girl, out of 
the territory of Umhall, by name Gearrog Ny- 
Moran, who soon exhibited symptoms of fertility. 
When the Queen of Connaught heard of this de- 
monstration of her own barrenness, she became, 
like Sarah of old, jealous in the highest degree, 
and used every means in her power to persecute 
the King's concubine. She even had recourse 
to witches, who were then numerous in the pro- 
vince, but without success, until at last, shortly 



1224 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRKLAM) 



211 



rain und dreadful ilistciujx-r among the cattle of the aforesaid territories, after 
they had eaten of the grass moistened by this shower, and the milk of these 
cattle produced a variety of inward maladies in the people who used it. It was 
no wonder that these ominous signs should appear this year in Connaught, for 
great was the vil and affliction which they suffered in this year, viz., the death 
of Cathal Crovderg 1 , son of Turlough More O'Conor, King of Connaught, a man 



before Gearrog was about to be delivered, a ce- 
lebrated witch, more skilful than the rest, who 
livi-d in the neighbourhood of Ballytoberpatrick, 
in the county of Mayo, presented the Queen with 
a magical string, with three intricate knots, tel- 
ling her, that as long as she kept it in her pos- 
session Gearrog Ny-Moran, against whom its 
magical properties were directed, could never be 
delivered of a child. Before, however, the string 
had been fully indued with the intended charm, 
the King's child thrust his right hand into the 
external world, but farther he could not move ; 
for, as soon as the last word of the incantation 
had been pronounced, he was fixed, spell-bound, 
in his awkward position. lie continued thus for 
several days and nights, and though his mother 
wished for death she could not die. At length 
a certain good man, who had heard of the magi- 
cal string, and of the pitiable condition of < )' M . > - 
ran's daughter, called one day at the palace, with 
a view to destroy the properties of the string, 
and tn \\ho hrM him in high esteem, 

having no suspicion of his design, bade him wel- 
come and asked him the news. He answered, 
with suniif expression of annoyance on his coun- 
tenance, that the principal news in the west of 
Connaught, was, that Gearrog Ny-Moran had 
brought forth a son for the King of Connaught. 
When the Queen heard this from the lips of one 
on whom she placed the utmost reliance, she 
took the magical string, which she was persuaded 
to believe would for ever prevent O'Moran's 
daughter from giving birth to a roydamna, and 
cast it into the fire in his presence, calling down 

2 



all sorts of execrations on the head of the old 
sorceress, who had so much deceived her. No 
sooner had the last knot of the string been de- 
stroyed by the action of the fire, than the King's 
son, who had been so long kept spell-bound by its 
influence, was ushered upon the theatre of his 
future greatness; but his crov, or that part of 
the hand, from the wrist out, which he had 
thrust into the world before the magical string 
was perfected, was as red as blood, from which 
he received the cognomen of CpoiB-oeopjj, or 
' the Red-htinded' 1 Crm-dery. 

"The Queen of Connaught, who was of a most 
powerful family, continued to persecute the 
red-handed child and his mother, with all the 
perseverance of a jealous barren woman; but 
the child, who had all the appearance of royalty 
in his countenance, was sheltered by the clergy 
of the province; and when the Queen discovered 
that he was lurking in one monastery, he was 
secretly sent away to another. In this manner 
was he sheltered for three years in the monaste- 
ries of Connaught At last the Queen's fury 
rose to such a height against the clergy, that 
they gave up all hopes of being able to protect 
the child any longer. His mother then fled 
with him into Leinster, where, for many 
years, disguised, she supported him by labour- 
ing work. When the boy grew up, although 
he was constantly told of the royalty of hi* 
birth, and of the respectability of the O'Mo- 
rans, still, having no hopes of being able to re- 
turn to his native province as long as the Queen 
lived, he was obliged to apply himself to common 

2 



'212 



CINNCKXI woghachca 



[1224. 



mo DO rhuDaij Do meplechaib, ~\ oeapccaipoib Gpenn pe haimpip imcfin, aon 
ap mo po pap DO clepcib, boccaib, -\ aibeljneachaib, aon ap uille inapboipc- 
eapoaip Dia gac mair, ~\ jac mop puailce Da ccaimc Duaiplib 6peann a 
ccompoccup Dia pemfp, 6ip ap e po congaib e pen ap aon mnaoi popoa jan 
cpuailleD a jfnmnameacca cap a heip co a bap. dp pe a linn beop ap 
mo po ^abaD Deacmab 50 Dlijceac cecup i nGpinn. Qn Ri pfpen poipcclibi 
pi, "| an cairmileD conDail cpaibcec ceipcbpfcac D'CCC an coccmao la picfc 
Do parhpaD (Dia luain DO pamnpiub) i naibiD manaij lee i mainipcip cnuic 



labouring work for subsistence; and it was ob- 
served by the clowns of Leinster, that he exhi- 
bited no appearance of industry, or taste for 
agricultural pursuits, but was constantly telling 
stories about Kings, wars, and predatory ex- 
cursions. 

" Time rolled on, and the poor boy with the red 
hand was necessitated to pass his time in misery, 
in the society of Leinster clowns and buddaghs, 
whom he held in the highest contempt. At 
length a Connaught Bollscaire, or bearer of pub- 
lic news, passing through Leinster, happened to 
come into the very field in which Crovderg 
was employed, with several others, reaping rye. 
They immediately recognized by his dress that 
he was a Bollscaire, and, therefore, inquired 
what proclamation he was publishing. He re- 
plied in the set words of his commission, that 
the King of Connaught was dead, and that the 
people, assembled in council, had declared that 
they would have no king 4 but Cathal Crovderg 
his son ; and, he added, I, and many others, have 
been for several weeks in search of him in diffe- 
rent parts of Ireland, but without success ; some, 
who wish to support the claim of rivals to the 
throne of Connaught, have reported that the 
Queen, his step-mother, had him secretly assas- 
sinated, but others are of opinion, that he lurks 
in some obscure place, disguised in humble 
garb, and that he will return home as soon as 
he will hear of this proclamation. He will be 



at once known by his right hand, which is as 
red as blood from the wrist out. 

" The heart of Cathal bounded with joy at 
the news, and he stood on the ridge for some mi- 
nutes in a reverie. His comrades told him to 
get on with his work, that he was always last, 
and that there never was a good workman from 
his province. Hereupon, Cathal pulled off the 
mitten, with which he constantly kept the red 
hand concealed, and exhibited it to the Bolls- 
caire; and his eye beamed, and his countenance 
glowed with all the majesty of his father's, 
when he first mounted the throne of Connaught. 
The Bollscaire recognizing him at once by his 
resemblance to his father, fell prostrate at his 
feet. Cathal cast the sickle on the ridge, say- 
ing: ' Sl6n leuc, a cojipam, anoip oo'n cloi- 
oeam,' i. e. ' Farewell, sickle, now for the sword.' 
And to this day, Slan charcnl paoi an cpeu^ul, 
i. e. Cathal's farewell to the rye, meaning a fare- 
well never to return, has been a common proverb 
among the Sil-Murray and their followers. 

" He returned home without delay, and was 
solemnly inaugurated King of Connaught on 
Carnfree, near Tulsk, in the presence of the t wel vt- 
chieftains and twelve coarbs of Sil-Murray; and 
though he found many rivals in the province 
before him, he put them all down by his supe- 
rior wisdom and valour. When he had restored 
his native province to tranquillity he did not 
forget his old friends the- friars, who had made 



IJ-J1 



\\N.\LS OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 



wh<>, ol' nil other-, had destroyed most of the rebels and enemie- nf Ireland, he 
who had most relieved the wants of the clergy, the poor, and the destitute, he 
who, of all the Irish nobility that existed in or near his time, had received from 
(iod most goodness, and greatest virtues, for he kept himself content with one 
married wife, and did not defile his chastity after her death until h is own death, 
in whose time most tithes were lawfully received in Ireland ; this just and up- 
right king, this discreet, pious, and justly-judging hero, died on the 28th day of 
th<' summer (on Monday), in the habit of a Grey Friar, in the monastery of 
Knockmoy", (which monastery, together with its site and lands, he himself had 



such efforts to save him from the fury of the 
Queen. lie erected several monasteries for them 
on an extensive scale, and in magnificent style, 
namely, the monastery of Ballintober in Mayo, 
which was three years in building, and which 
was roofed and shingled with oak timber ; the 
monastery of Athlone, on the Shannon; and 
also that of Knockmoy, in the county of Galway." 

Notwithstanding the evidence of this vivid 
tradition, we must conclude from the Book of 
Lecan, fol. 72, b, coL 4, that furlough More 
O'Conor, King of Ireland, had three sons by 
hii married wife, namely, Maelisa, Coarb of St 
MUI, who was his eldest son and heir, Aedh 
Dull, and Tadhg Aluitm. 

Dr. O'Conor, in his suppressed work. Memoirs 
H 'the. Life and Writing* of Charlet O'Conor of 
UelaiKit/are, who was his own grandfather, al- 
ludes to the traditions preserved in the country 
about the valour of " diaries the Red-handed," 
but makes no allusion whatever to the story 
alwve given, which, though in great part fabu- 
lous, is generally believed to be true by the 
tory-tellers ami farmers in the counties of 
Mayo and Galway. Hut to .-nter upon the 
is of the legitimacy or illegitimacy of Cathal 
lerg would swell this note to a length 
which would interfere with the elucidation of 
other eiitrie< in those Annals, and the Editor 
limit, therefore, reserve the discussion of the 



question for another work. 

Ledwich, in his Antiquities of Ireland, second 
edition, p. 520, says, that there is a monument 
to Cathal Crovderg in the Abbey of Knockmoy ; 
but the monument in that abbey to which he 
alludes, but which he evidently never saw, is 
that of Malachy O 1 Kelly, who died in 1401, and 
of his wife Finola, the daughter of O'Conor, who 
died in 1402. Ledwich was of opinion that tin 
fresco paintings on the north wall of the choir 
of this abbey, were executed in the seventeenth 
century, " when,* he says, " the confederate 
Catholics possessed themselves of the abbeys of 
Ireland, which they everywhere repaired, and, 
in many instances, adorned with elegant sculp- 
tures;" but it is quite clear, from the style of 
these paintings, and from the legible portion !' 
the inscriptions, among which may be clearly 
read, in the black letter, ot.iti pro antrna jttaUrtw, 
that they belong to the period of the aforesaid Ma- 
lachy O'Kelly, by whom the abbey of Knockmoy 
teems to have been repaired if not in great part 
re-edified ; for it is quite obvious, from the style 
of the abbey of Ballintober, which unquestion- 
ably exhibits the architecture of the latter part 
of the twelfth century, that there is no part of 
that of Knockmoy as old as the period of Cathal 
Crovderg. 

" Knockmoy. According to the Annals of 
Clonmacooise, as translated by Mageoghegan, 



214 



emeciNN. 



[12 -24. 



muaiDe lap na heDbaipc Do buDen t>o Dm, -\ Do na manchaib poime pin guna 
ponn i peaponn, -| a abnacal innce co huapal onopac. Q bpupc loca 
mepca Do geneaD cacal cpoiboeapcc, ~] a oilfrham in uib Diapmaca agcaocc 
ua comceanainn. Ctob 6 concobaip a mac Do gabail piji Connacc cap a ep 
5an caipDe uaip baDap bpajjDe Connacc ap a lairh pe necc a acap. Qp pe 
hucc gabala pije Don aob pa cucc po Deapa mac ui mannacain Do DallaD 
cpe eccfn mnd Do cabaipc, i a lama -\ a copa Do ben DO neoc oile lap 
nDenarh meple DO. Do coimeo pmacca plara mnpm. 

Cfob mac Concobaip maonmoiji Decc 05 coiDecc 6 lepupalem, -| 6 ppuc 
lopDanen Do. 

DonDcacaij mac aipfccai^ui Rabuib cofpec cloinne comalcaig Decc ma 
oilicpi ace copup paccpaicc. 

TTlaoilpeaclainn mac caiDj ui ceallaij cijeapna 6 maine Do ecc. 

^lolla na naomh cpom 6 Seacnupaij ci^eapna lece lapcapaije cenel 
aoba na heccgi Decc. 

Doriinall 6 ceallaij cijeapna 6 maine Decc. 

Cucfnann ua coincfnamn Decc. 

TTlacjamain mac cecfpnaijuf cepin cijeapna ciappaije loca na naipneah 
Decc. 



Cathal Crovderg died at Broyeoll in Connoght. 
Bruigheol, or Briola, is in Clann-Uadagh, near 
the River Suck, in the county of Roscommon. 
The entry is as follows : 

"A. D. 1223. Cahall Crovederge O'Connor, 
King of Connoght, and King of the Irish of Ire- 
land, one that used reverence and bounty towards 
the Church, and both ritch, fortunate, .and 
happy, died in Broyeoll in Connought, and Hugh 
mac Cahall, his son, was constituted King of 
Connoght in his place." 

' Harbour of Lough Mask, popclocha meapca. 
This place is now called Caladh Loclia Mensca, 
and Ballincalla, and is a parish in the barony of 
Kilinaine, and county of Mayo, verging on 
Lough Mask. Culao, in this part of Ireland, 
signifies a landing place for boats, and is synony- 
mous with pope; though in the county of Ros- 



common it means a wet meadow, or a strath or 
holm on the margin of a lake or river. 

k A robbery, iap noenam mple This pas- 
sage is given more satisfactorily in the An- 
nals of Kilronan, as follows: " Hugh O'Conor, 
his own son, assumed the government of Con- 
naught after him, and right worthy of the dig- 
nity he was, for he had been a king for his effi- 
ciency, might, and puissance, in his father's 
life-time, and he had the hostages of Connaught 
in his hands. And God permitted his succession, 
for such was the strictness of his law, that no 
evils were committed in Connaught at his ac- 
cession, but one act of plunder on the road to 
Croagh-patrick, for which the perpetrator had 
his hands and feet cut off; and one woman was 
violated by the son of O'Monahan, for which he 
was deprived of sight." 



1224.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 215 

granted to God and the monks), and was interred therein nobly and honourably. 
Cathal Crovderg was born at the Harbour of Lough Mask 1 , and fostered in 
Hy-Diannada by Teige O'Concannon. The government of Connaught was as- 
sumed without di-liiy by Hugh O'Conor, his son, for the hostages of Connaught 
were in his (Hugh's) hands at the time of his father's death. Hugh, upon 
his accession to the government, commanded the son of O'Monahan should be 
.It'prived of sight as a punishment for his having violated a female, and ordered 
the hands and feet of another person to be cut off for having committed a rob- 
bery 1 '. This teas done to maintain the authority of a prince. 

Hugh, the son of Conor Moinmoy [O'Conor], died on his return from Jeru- 
salem and the River Jordan. 

Donncahy, the son of Aireaghtagh O'Rodiv, Chief of Clann-Tomalty 1 , died 
on his pilgrimage, at Toberpatrick*. 

Melaghlin, the son of Teige O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, died, 

Gilla na-naev Crom [the Stooped] O'Shaughnessy, Lord of the Western 
half of Kinelea of Echtge, died. 

Donnell O'Kelly, Lord of Hy-Many, died. 

Cucannou O'Concannon died. 

Mahon, the son of Kehernagh O'Kerrin, Lord of Kerry of Lough-na-narney", 
died. 

1 Clann-Tomalty, clann 'romalcmj. This rony of Costello, in the south-east of the county 

tribe was situated in the plains of Roscommon, of Mayo. Colgan, and after him O'Flaherty, 

not far from Rathcroghan, but they sunk into have supposed, that the territory of Kierrigia de 

obscurity, and were deprived of property at so Loch nairne was co- extensive with the barony 

early a period, that the extent, or even exact of Belathamhnais, otherwise called Costello, in 

position, of their cantred, cannot now be deter- the county of Maya See Triat Thavm., p. 1 37 ; 

mined. and Ogygia, part iiL c. 46, p. 276. But this, 

01 Toberpatrick, ropap pacputc, i. e. St. Pa- which is put as a mere conjecture by Colgan, is 

trick's well This is certainly the Abbey of certainly incorrect; for the mountainous district 

Ballintober, in the county of Maya There are of Sliabh Lugha, which belonged to the Galengw, 

couinl.-ss ntln'r places in Connaught so called. and of which the Kierrigii never possessed any 

n (\\-rrvofLotiffk-na-nariiey, ciappaije loca na portion, formed the greater part of that barony. 

i)6ipnea6. This territory is now simply called The boundary of the diocese of Achonry runs 

ciuppaije by the natives of it, who speak the across the barony of Costello, in such a manner 

Irish language remarkably well. It comprises as to divide it into two almost equal parts. That 

the parishes of Annagh, Bekan, and Aghamore, part of the barony to the north of this boundary 

which form about the southern half of the be- is, even at this very day, called Sliabh Lngha, 



216 



uio^hachca eineciNN. 



[1224 



Qn capbap gan buam 50 peil bpijoe, -\ an cpeabab 050 Denarii DO 
an coccaiD, ~| na DoimnDe. 

TTlaimpcip Do rojbail la TTluipip mac jfpailr (6 ccacc jfpalcaij cille 
Dapa, i jeapalcaij Dfpmurhan) in eochaill in eappcoboicceachc cluana ip in 
TTUirhain Do bpairpib S. ppoinpiaip. 



and was O'Gara's original country ; and the part 
of the barony lying to the south of the said 
boundary is Kerry of Lough-na-narney. The 
lake of loc na n-aipnea6, i. e. Lake of the Sloes, 
from which this territory took its name, is si- 
tuated on the boundary between the parishes of 
Bekan and Aghamore, in the barony of Costello, 
and is now more generally called Mannin Lough. 
Downing, who wrote about the year 1682, when 
the name of this lake was well remembered, puts 
the situation of this lake beyond dispute by 
stating that the castle of Mannin is in Lough 
Arny. " There is likewise," he says, " a small 
lough in the barony, called Lough Arny in for- 
mer times. In the west end thereof stands an 
antient ruin of a castle called Mannin." See 
Map to the Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs ofHy- 
Fiachrach, printed for the Irish Archaeological 
Society in 1844, on which this lake and its castle 
are shewn, as well as the true boundary line be- 
tween Kerry of Lough-na-narney and Sliabh 
Lugha, or O'Gara's country. 

Maurice Fitzgerald. He was the grandson of 
the Maurice Fitzgerald who came to Ireland with 
the Earl Strongbow, and who died on the 1st of 
September, 1177. For the origin of the family of 
Fitzgerald the reader is referred to the History of 
the Earls of Desmond, by the celebrated Daniel 
O'Daly, published at Lisbon in 1655, under the 
title of " Initium Incrementum et Exitus Familial 
Giraldinorum, Desmonicp. Comitum Palatinorum 
Kyerria in Hibernia, acpersecutionisHaTi'tiriirum 
Descriptio, ex nonmdlisfragmentis collecta, ac La- 
tinitate donata." In this work O'Daly deduces 
the pedigree of the Fitzgeralds from Troy, and 
places their ancestors among the followers of 



^Eneas into Italy, where they settled in Tus- 
cany, or Etruria, from whence some of the fa- 
mily passed into Normandy, thence into Eng- 
land, and, in process of time, into Ireland. But 
the Editor is of opinion that there is no authen- 
tic monument of the history of this family earlier 
than the time of William the Conqueror, with 
whom they seem to have come into England, 
though Mr. Burke, in his pedigree of the Duke 
of Leinster, asserts that his ancestor Otho was a 
Baron of England in the 16th year of Edward 
the Confessor. 

The character of Maurice Fitzgerald, the first 
of this family that came to Ireland, and who was 
one of the principal heroes of the English Con- 
quest, is given as follows by his contemporary, 
Giraldus Cambrensis : 

" Erat autem Mauritius vir venerabilis & vere- 
cundus : vultu colorato, decentique : mediocri 
quodammodicitate, tarn mediocribus minor quam 
modicis maior. Vir tarn animo quam corpore 
modiiicato : nee illo elato, nee hoc dilatato: In- 
nata vir bonitate bonus & tamen longe cura pro- 
pensiore bonus fieri, quam videri malens. Mau- 
ricio modus, in omnibus seruare modum : vt 
credi possit suarum partium, suique temporis 
tuincensuramorum, quam facetiarum exemplum. 
Virbreuiloquus et sermone perpauco sed ornato: 
puta, plus pectoris habens quam oris, plus rati- 
onis quam orationis : plus sapientia [sapientiae ? J 
quam eloquentia. Et tamen cum sermouem res 
exigebat : ad sententiam dicendam, sicut serus, 
sic scientissimus. Rebus quoque in Martiis, vir 
animosus : et nulli fere strenuitate secundus. Ad 
capessenda tamen pericula, nee impetuosus nee 
prajceps : scd sicut prouidus in uggrediendis : 



1224. 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIXdIHiM OF IKK!. AND 



217 



The corn ivniainnl unreaped until the Festival of St. Bridget [1st Fe- 
bruary], when the ploughing was going on, in consequence of the war and 
inclement weather. 

A monastery was erected by Maurice Fitzgerald", from whom the Fitzge- 
ralds of Kildare and Desmond are descended, at Youghal p , in the diocese of 
Cloyne, in Munster", for Franciscan friars'. 



sic pertinax ernt in aggressis. Vir sobrius, mo- 
destus, et castus : stabilis, firmus, atque fidelis. 
Vir quidem non expers criminis : crimine tamcn 
omni notabili carens et unorruL" Hibemia Et- 
fiufftiata, lib. i. c. 42. 

It is stated by some popular Irish writers 
that this first Maurice Fitzgerald was ap- 
pointed Chief Governor of Ireland by Henry 
II. in 1173; but this seems to be an error, 
as no original authority has yet been found for 
it, and his name does not appear in the list of 
Chief Governors of Ireland given in Harris's 
Ware, vol. ii. c. 15, p. 102, nor in any other trust- 
worthy authority that the Editor has ever seen; 
but his grandson, the Maurice mentioned in the 
text, was Lord Justice of Ireland in the year 1 229, 
and again in 1232. This Maurice is said to have 
been the first who brought the orders of Friars 
Minors and Preachers into Ireland. By a manda- 
tory letter of Henry III., dated 26th November, 
1216, he was put into possession of Maynooth, 
and all the other lands of which his father died 
seised in Ireland ; and was put also into posses- 
sion of the castle of Crome in the county of Li- 
merick. According to the tradition among the 
O'Donovans, as stated in the Pedigree of the 
late General (^Donovan, by John Collins, he 
was the first that drove the head of that family 
from the castle of Crome, or Croom, in the 
county of Limerick; but the Editor has not 
been able to find any cotemporaneous authority 
for this statement, nor any authority whatever 
older than a manuscript, entitled Carbria No- 
titia, written in 1686, which formed No. 591 of 

2 



the Sale Catalogue of the books and MSS. of 
the late Lord Kingsborough, in which it is 
stated as follows: "But let us pass from the 
rough seas to the smooth plains, whereof we 
shall find few till we pass Clancahill, a territory- 
belonging to the Donovans, a family of Roy all 
Extraction amongst the Irish. They came hither 
from Coshma, in the county of Limerick, and" 
" built there the famous Castle of Crome, which 
afterwards falling to the Earle of Kildare, gave 
him his motto of CROME- A-BOO, still used in his 
scutcheon." Dr. Smith, who has used the infor- 
mation in this MS. throughout his Natural and 
Civil History of Cork, repeats the same passage, 
vol.i. p. 25, but quotes no authority whatever. 

This Maurice died on the 20th of May, 1257, 
in the habit of St. Francis, and was succeeded 
by his son Maurice Fitz-Maurice Fitzgerald, 
who was appointed Lord Justice of Ireland on 
the 23rd of June, 1272. See Lodge's Peerage, 
and a curious pedigree of the Fitzgerald*, in 
the handwriting of Peregrine O'Clery, in the 
Library of the Royal Irish Academy, and another 
in the copy from the Autograph of Duald Mac 
Firbis, in the same Library. 

' YouifAai, 6ocaill, a well-known town in 
the county of Cork, situated on the River Black- 
water, about twenty miles east of Cork. 

' InMuntter, ir m mumain, i. e. ip in, m thr. 
and mumain Muntter ; the article an or in being 
sometimes prefixed to names of territories and 
countries in the Irish language. 

' Under this year the Annals of Kilronan con- 
tain the following entry relative to the son of 



218 dNNata raiohachca eirceciNN. 



QOIS CR1OSO, 1225. 
Goip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, pice a cuig. 

Grhlaoib ua beollain aipcmneac opoma cliab, Saoi eccna, -\ biaccac 
coiccfnn Decc. 

Ua TTlaoilbpenainn ab maimpcpe na buille oecc DO birin cuiplinne DO 
leicceab 66. 

TTlaolbpijDe ua maiccm ab copaip paopaicc, mac oije -\ eccnaibe Decc. 
Gplep po cionnpcnab reampal cobaip pacpaic,"] po popbai6 jona Shanccaip, 
1 cpopaib lap mop paocap a nonoip pacpaic, ) TTluipe, coin, ) na nappcal. 

5'olla an coirhbeD mac ^nolla cappai j uapal paccapc -] peappun cie 
baoicin Dej. 

Oionip 6 maoilciapam aipcmneac apDa capna Decc. 

^lollacoippce ua mujpoin Decc, i a a&nacal i cconga pecfn. 

Coimepje mop pluaij Do Denam la hua nell i cconnaccaib DO congnam 
le cloinn 17uai6pi ui concobaip, .1. coippbealbac -j ao6 cpe popconjpa Duinn 
615 mecc oipeacraij pfojcaofpeac Sil ITluipeDhaij a nDiojail a peapainn 
Do ben De Duu concobaip (.1. ao6). Qcr cfna 6 po lompaiD mace 



Hugh de Lacy: "A. D. 1224. The son of Hugo English were challenged to approach them in 

came to Ireland, despite of the King of England, those places. However, when the English of Ire- 

and a great war and contention arose between land perceived that they occupied such strong 

him and the English of Ireland, all of whom rose positions, they came to the resolution of making 

up against him and banished him to O'Neill, peace with the sons of Hugo, and to leave the 

King of Aileach. Thither the English and Irish conditions to the award of the King of England. 

of Ireland pursued them, with their forces, The English of Ireland then dispersed without 

namely, Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, King obtaining tribute or reward from Hugh O'Neill." 

of Connaught; Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, s Biatagh, biacach, a public victualler. Sir 

King of Munster ; Dermot Cluasach Mac Car- Richard Cox thought that this term was the 

thy, King of Desmond ; and all the other chiefs same as Buddagh, a clown or villain ; but the 

of Ireland, except the Kinel-Connell and Kinel- two words are essentially different in their ap- 

Owen. They marched to Muirtheimhne and plication and derivation, biacacli being derived 

Dundalk, where they demanded, hostages of the from biao, food, and boouc, which is a name of 

sons of Hugo and of O'Neill. Then came O'Neill contempt,fromadifferentradix. The Biatagh was 

with his English and Irish forces, and distributed endowed with a quantity of land called a baile 

them on the passes of Sliabh Fuaid and the Gates biacaijj, or ballybetagh, which was the thirtieth 

of Emania, and the woods of Conaille; and the part of a triocha ced, or barony, and contained 






AXXAL.s >! TIIK KI.M.IMIM OF IHKLAND. 



2] 



'HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1225. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty -jive. 

Auliffe O'Beollan (Boland) Ercnagh of Drumcliff, a wise and learned man, 
and a general Biatagh 1 , died. 

o'Mulivniii, abbot of the monastery of Boyle, died in consequence of 
having been blooded. 

Maelbrighdc O'Maigin, Abbot of Toberpatrick ? , a son of chastity and 
wisdom, died. By him the church of Toberpatrick, together with its sanc- 
tuary and crosses, had been, with great exertions, begun and finished, in honour 
of St. Patrick, the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. John, and the Apostles. 

Gilla-an-Choimhdhe Mac Gillacarry, a noble priest, and parson of Teach 
Baoithin, died. 

Dionysius O'Mulkieran", Erenagh of Ardcarne, died. 

Gilla-Coirpthe O'Muron, died, and was buried at Conga-Fechin (Cong). 

O'Neill mustered a great force at the request of Donn Oge Mageraghty, 
royal Chieftain of Sil-Murray, who wanted to be revenged of O'Conor (i. e. 
Hugh"), for having deprived him (Mageraghty) of his lands, and marched into 
Connaught to assist the sons of Roderic, viz., Turlough and Ilugh. But 



four quarters or seisreaghs, each containing one 
hundred and twenty acres of land. The ancient 
had two kinds of farmers, the one called 
Biataghs and the other Brughaidhe ( Brooees), who 
Mem to have held their lands of the chief under 
different tenures; the former, who were com- 
paratively few in number, would appear to 
have held their lands free of rent, but were 
obliged to entertain travellers, and the chief's 
soldiers, when on their march in his direction; 
and the latter would appear to have been sub- 
ject to a stipulated rent and service. Ac- 
cording to the Leahkar ISitiilht, or the Yellow 
>t' the Mac Kirhises of Lecan, preserved 
in the MuiniM-ript Lil>rary of Trinity College, 
Diihlin. 1!. ;t, is. p. 921, it appears that the 
Brughaidh, or farmer, called bpujaio ceoac, 

2F 



was bound by law to keep one hundred labourers, 
and one hundred of each kind of domestic ani- 
mals. For a curious dissertation on the tenure 
of the Irish Biataghs, the reader is referred to 
Harris's Ware, voL ii. c, 10, pp. 157, 158; and 
Statute of Kilkenny, edited by Mr. Hardiman 
for the Irish Archaeological Society, pp. 4, 5. 

1 Toberpatrick NowBallintober, in thecounty 

of Mayo, where the ruins of a great abbey and of 
a small church, dedicated to St. Patrick, may be 
seen. 

Cf Muikieran, O mcioilci<ip6m. This name 
is still common in the vicinity of Boyle and 
Ardcarne, 

* Hugh, doo, L e. Hugh, the son of Cathal 
Crovderg, who succeeded his father as King of 
Connaught. 

2 



220 



in ajaio aot>a t>o ponpac Sfol muipfohai -\ mprap connache im ao6 ua 
plaictfpcaij eigeapna mjicaip Connacr, ~\ 500161! an cuiccm t>oprhop 
coimepji ma 05016 ace mac oiapmaca, .1. copbrnac mac comalcaij. Oala 
ui nell nip haipippeao lep 50 paim^ tap pi muipeaohai^. Ctipbe 50 peaoha 
ara luain, 50 mbaoi r>d oibce 05 ITluilleann juanac jup lomaipccffcup loc 
nen 50 puce p^oio ui concobaip ap. Ceccam aipfoe 50 capn ppaich. T?io- 
rap coippbealbac mac Ruaibpi annpm, ~\ ceo ao6 ua nell cona muinnp oia 



" Foes of Athlone, peaoa aca luain, i. e. the 
woods of Athlone. This was the name of O'Nagh- 
tan's country, containing thirty quarters of land 
in the barony of Athlone, and county of Ros- 
common See Inquisition taken at Athlone, on 
the 26th of October, 1587, and another taken 
at Roscommon, on the 23rd of October, 1604; 
also Tribes and Customs of Hy- Many, printed for 
the Irish Archasological Society in 1843, pp. 
175, 176, and the map prefixed to the same. 

i Muitteann Guanach In the Annals of 
Ulster and of Kilronan this name is written 
iiin il lil) uanac, and muillib uamioe, in the 
Annals of Connaught. The Editor has not 
been able to find this name in any form in 
the Faes, or in any part of the county of Ros- 
common. The whole passage is given somewhat 
more intelligibly in the Annals of Ulster, and 
thus Englished in the old translation : 

" A. D. 1224. A great array by Hugh O'Neale 
into Connought with the sons of Rory O'Coner, 
and consent of all Sylmurea, only Mac Dermot, 
viz., Corrnac mac Tuniultach, that he went along 
Conought southerly into the woods of Athlone, 
that they were two nights at the Mills of Vo- 
nagh, and prayed Loghnen, and brought O'Con- 
ner's Juells and goods out of it. He came after 
to Carnefrich and prayed" [recte inaugurated] 
" Tirlagh mac Roary there, and went in haste 
home, hearing" [that] ' a great army of Galls and 
Mounsterinen about Donogh Kerbregh O'Brian 
and Geffry Mares, with Hugh O'Coner and Mac 
Dermot coming uppon him ; and" [these] "having 



not overtaken O'Neile, they followed Roary's 
son until they dog'd him to O'Neile againo. 
Mounster in that journey killed Eghmarkagh 
O'Branan, Chief of Corkaghlyn at Kill-Kelly, 
after banishing Roary's son out of Connaght, 
Hugh mac Cathall Crovderg reigned in Con- 
naght after him." The account of the coming 
of O'Neill into Connaught on this occasion is also 
given in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, but incorrectly entered 
under the year 1224, as follows: " A. D. 1224. 
Hugh O'Neale and Tyreowen" [recte the Kinel- 
Owen], " with their forces, accompanied with 
Terlagh O'Conor and his brothers, the sonns 
of Rowrie O'Connor, with their forces also, 
wasted and destroyed all Moyntyrr Arteagh, 
and the most part of the countrey of Moy- 
noye. Donn Mac Oyreaghty made a retraite 
upon Hugh O'Connor, and afterwards went to 
O'Neale. O'Connor returned to the Deputie, 
Geffrey March his house in Athlone; where- 
upon the said Geffrey March sent his letu-r> 
to all parts of Ireland, and assembled to- 
gether his forces of the five Provinces, which 
being so assembled and gathered together, the 
Deputie and O'Connor, with their great forces, 
sought to banish O'Neal and the sons of Rowrie 
O'Connor, from out of Connought," [and] " pur- 
sued them. O'Neale returned to his own house, 
and left the sons of Rowrie O'Connor in Con- 
nought, between whom and the forces of the De- 
putie and O'Connor all Connought was wasted. 
Upon the Deputies and O'Connor's going to 



1225 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIXCPn.M OF IRELAND. 



Mageraghty turned against Hugh, the Sil-Murray also, and the inhabi- 
tants of West Connaught, with Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, 
as well as all the Irish of the province, with the exception of Mac Dermot 
(Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh), conjointly rose out against him. As to 
O'Neill he made no delay until he arrived in the very centre of Sil-Murray, 
whence he marched to the Faes of Athlone 1 ; and he remained two nights at 
Muillcann Guanach', and totally plundered Lough Neil*, from whence he car- 
ried off O'Conor's jewels. Thence he proceeded to Carnfree', where Turlough, 
the son of Roderic, was inaugurated; and then O'Neill, with his people, 
returned home ; for all their own people were faithful to the sons of Roderic, 



Twayme, from Esroe to Clonvicknose, in so much 
that there was not in all those Contrcys, the door 
of a church unburnt, with great slaughters of 
both partys. Eachmarkagh Mac Hrannaii, Chief- 
tuiiiti of Corckaghlan, was killed. Mories Mac 
Murrogh, with his brothers, Mahon Mac Connor 
Menmoye, Neal O'Teig, Teig mac Gilleroe 
O'Connor, Flann O'Ffallawyn, and others, were 
all killed. The sons of Kowrie O'Connor left 
Connought. Hugh O'Connor took hostages of all 
the Provence, and Geffrey March the Deputie, 
with the most part of the English, returned to 
thi-ir houses." 

* Lough Nen, loc ne'n This is the place 
now called LocA-na-n-ean, or lake of the birds. 
It lies to the west of the castle of Boscommon, 
and is said to have been originally a deep lake ; 
but at present it is generally dried up in sum- 
mer, in consequence of drains which were sunk 
to carry off the water ; but in winter the drains 
are not sufficient for this purpose, and the land 
becomes inundated. 

Cariifree. This earn, which was culled after 
Fraech, the son of Fiodhach of the Bed Hair, 
was the one on which the O'Conor was inau- 
gurated. It is situated in the townland of Cams, 
in the parish of Ogulla, in the barony and 
county of Roscommon. The situation of this 
earn, s,o often mentioned in Irish history, was 



never before pointed out by any of our topo- 
graphical writers. One of the legends given in 
the Dinnteanehut points out its situation very 
distinctly in the following words : " They con- 
veyed the body of Fraech to Cnoe na Dala (Hill 
of the Meeting) to the SOOTH-EAST of Cruaekain, 
and interred him there ; so that it is from him 
the earn is named : unde dicitur Cam Fraeich, 
i e. the com of Fraech." Book of Leean, fol. 
243, p. a, col. a. . 

It is a small earn of stones and earth, situated 
to the south of the village of Tulsk, and about 
three miles to the south-east of Rathcroghan, in 
the townland of Cams, to which this earn and a 
small green mound, or tumulus, situated to the 
east of the earn, give name. This earn, though 
small, is a very conspicuous object in the. plain 
of Croghan ; and a good view of it, as well as of 
Rathcroghan, may be had from the street of 
Elphin. Not far from this earn, in the same 
field, is a long standing stone, called doc paou 
na gcapn, which was probably erected here as a 
boundary. The Editor visited this place on the 
10th of August, 1837, and made every search for 
the inauguration stone of theO'Conors,but could 
find no such stone, nor tradition respecting it. It 
is probable that it was either destroyed or carried 
away several centuries since. The green moat to 
the east of Carnfr.. i- tli. Diimha Seaiga, so 



2-2-2 



[1225. 



ceijhib. (o poba caipipi la cloinn Ruaibpi a naipecca buben) ace ma6 aop 
gpaba aoba namd, .1. mac DiapmaDa, ) Dauic ua plomn, ^c. 

Gpf comaiple ap ap cinneab annpin le mac carail cpoiboeipg, Dul i 
cceann gall co cuipc aca luam, 6ip Do pala 50 pobdnac Doparh maire gall 
Gpeann DO beic comcpuimi ainnpibe an lonbaib pin, ~\ bdccap capaiD a 
nupmop Dopam alop a arap, ~\ ap apon pepin uaip bd cuapupelac ciob- 
laiccec iaD apaon Doib. piaohaibiD goill poirhe pirn 50 lucjaipec ~| conjbaio 
fcoppa e 50 Ian gpabac achaib lap pin. Uuccparh an nipcip -| map lop laip 
DO riiaicib gall ap cfna ma commbaib annpin, oonnchab caipbpec ua bpiain, 
] ua maoilpeclamn gona pocpaiDib. 

lap cclop an comcpummjci pin Do luce moijp haf, -| Do cuacaib 
Connacr, po cecpioo pompa i ccpic luijne, -| i ccfp narhalgaib gona 
mbuap i innileaba, ~\ po paccaibpioD meic TCuaibpi in uacab pocpaiDi. 
UeccaiD clann T?uaibpi uf concobaip pompa lapom an lion bdccup co cill 
ceallaij ap cul a mbo -] a mbuaip. Imcupa aoba 50 ngallaib uime cuipio 
piopca piublaca uara Dapccam aopa gpaib clomne T?uaibpi, ~[ congbaiD 
cpom a ploij ma ccimcel pe hionnpaigib DO cabaipc oppa buben. T^eD aob 
mac 17uaibpi mic TTluipceapcaij, Dorhnall ua plaicbfpcaij, cijeapnan mac 
cacail miccdpam, -j mac coippbealbaij mic Ruaibpi Danacul coDa Da naop 
gpaib. UeccaiD 501 II im aob mac cacail cpoib'beipg lappin i ccimceal roipp- 



celebrated in the Dinnseanchus and Lives of St. 
Patrick. 

b Had paid them waffes, fyc., uaip ba cnapup- 
rlac, cioolaicreac iao apaon ooib . The cuap- 
apcul was the stipend or wages paid by the su- 
perior to his assistant. It never means tribute, 
or even rent, but a stipend or salary for work 
or service done. The Annalists here look upon 
the English as hireling soldiers, who were em- 
ployed in the service of the King of Connaught. 
They do not appear to have been aware of the 
mandate, dated 12th June, 1225, issued by King 
Henry III., directing William Earl Marshall, 
the Lord Justice, to seize on the whole country 
of Connaught, stated to have been forfeited by 
O'Conor, and to deliver it to Richard de Burgo; 
or, if they were aware of it, they may not have 



been willing to acknowledge the King's right to 
make such a grant. 

c Troops. All this is much better told in the 
Annals of Kilronan, in which it is stated that 
the sons of Roderic were left with a few Roy- 
damnas, chieftains, horse-boys, and servants: 7 
po pa^buic meic Ruaiopi jan cinol aipecca, 7 
ni pcnbe na bpappab cicr uacao pioamncib 7 
caoipec, 7 jtlle ech, 7 jiUe ppireoltha. 

d Kilketty, cill ceallaijj, i. e. the church of St. 
Ceallach An old church in a village and pa- 
rish of the same name, in the barony of Costello, 
and county of Mayo. See it marked on the 
map prefixed to Genealogies, Tribes, and Customt 
of Hy-Fiachrach, printed for the Irish Archae- 
ological Society in 1 844, and noted in the expla- 
natory Index to the same Map, p. 484. 






122.5.] ANNALS OF TIIK KIXC.DO.M OF IRELAND. 

pting only the supporters of Hugh, namely, Mac Dermot, Duvid O'Flynn. 
&c. 

The resolution then adopted by the son of Cathal Crovderg, was to repair 
to the English to the Court of Athlone; for it happened, fortunately for him. 
that the chiefs of the English of Ireland were at that very time assembled 
there, and the greater part of them were friendly to him, on his father's account 
as well as on his own, for both had paid them wages" [for military services], and 
had boon bountiful towards them. The English received him with joy, and kept 
him among them with much affection for some time afterwards. He then 
engaged in his cause the Lord Justice, and as many of the chiefs of the English 
of Ireland as he considered necessary, together with Donough Cairbreach 
O'Brien, and O'Melaghlin, with their forces. 

When the inhabitants of Moynai and of the Tuathas of Connaught had 
hrurd of this muster, they fled into the territory of Leyny and Tirawley, with 
their cows and other cattle, and left the sons of Roderic attended by only a few 
troops*. The sons of Roderic O'Conor afterwards proceeded to Kilkelly" with 
all the troops they had, and placed themselves in defence of their cows and 
flocks. As for Hugh [O'Conor], and the English who accompanied him, they 
despatched light marauding parties to plunder the retainers of the sons of 
Roderic, but detained the main body of their army about them for the purpose 
of making an attack upon [the sons of Roderic] themselves. Hugh, the son of 
Roderic, Donnell O'Flaherty, Tiernan, the son of Cathal Miccarain', and the 
son of Turlough, son of Roderic, went to protect some of their Aes graidh f . 

' Cathal Mirrarain He is called Cathal "servants of trust." It is stated in the Annals of 

Miogharan by Dusld Mac Firbis, in his Pedigree Kilronan that they went on this occasion to pro- 

>t' the O'Conora, in Lord Roden's copy of his tect the cows and people of Farrell O'Teige, who 

ii. m-alogical Book, p. 219. He was the fifteenth had taken an oath to be faithful to them, bat that 

son of Turlough More O'Conor, Monarch of Ire- he was the first of the Connacians that violated 

land. See also the Book of Lecan, fol. 72, b, his oath to the sons of Roderic ; and that In- 

col. 4. This Catlml, who was one of the Ulegiti- brought in their stead Hugh, the son of Cathal 

mate sons of King Turlough, left one son, Conor, Crovderg, and the English, to protect his cows 

of whose descendants no account is preserved. and people; that it was on this occasion th. 

{ To protect tome of their Aet ffradha, ocmacul English came in collision with Turlough, tin 

cooa oa naop 5pai6, i. e. to protect their stew- son of Roderic, who, perceiving the treachery 

ards and chief servants of trust. Clop p<ii6 is of O'Teige, made a judicious and clever retreat 

used throughout these Annals in the sense of by the help of Donn Oge Mageraghty, Flaherty 



224 



[1225. 



bealbaij. lap na aipiuccab pin Doparh cuipip a jlapldic i perhcup poirhe, 
Oonn occ mag oipeaccaij jona anpabaib, plairbeapcac ua plannagdin, -| 
uacab oarhpaib eoganac baoi ma pocaip, opoaijip mo oia mmofbfh ma 
nDeoib 50 cceapnaoap parhlaib ona mbiobbabaib jan aon t>o cuicim Dfob. 
Do pala an la pin opong Do piopcaib aoba ui concobaip i ccfnn eacmapcaij 
mic bpandm 50 nDeachaib t>o copnarh a boicpece oppa 50 ccopcaip eacmap- 
cac Don anbpoplann jalccaD baof na ajaib. Leanaip aob 6 concobaip 50 
ngallaib uime mac puaibpi an oibce pin 50 mflecc 50 mbaof ceopa hoibce 
mppin 05 apjjain luijne DO gac lee. 6a hionDoconaij Do pala Do eajpa 
annpm. Sic DO benani lap na apgain cap cenn an ciopuaippi Do paccbab ca 
hinnibb illuijmu. 

Qp ann baccap meic Ruaibpi mun ampa a ccorhjap DO loc mic peap- 
abaij i njlfnD na mocapc. Comaiplijip aob pe na jallaib annpm na 
cuaca Dionnpaijib Dia napgain, Sfol TTluipeaDhaij, i clann comalcaij 
Dinnpab map an ceDna 6 DO baccap ap ccecfb poirhe. lap ccmneab 
na coriiaiple pi loccap pom pa i plijib nac pmuainpeab gall co bpac t>ul 
cpempe .1. hi bpiob njaclaij 50 piaccpac ac cfje in meppaij gup aipccpioo 
cuil cepnana lap nDiljfnn a baoine Doib. ^ac ap jab 50 Dubconja Do lucr 



O'Flanagan, and some of the Tyronian route of 
soldiers, who covered their retreat. 

g Tyronian soldiers. These were some of the 
soldiers left by O'Neill to assist Turlough, the 
son of Eoderic, whom he had set up as King of 
Connaught. In the Annals of Kilronan these 
are called beajan oon Rue 6oanac, L e. some 
of the Eugenian, or Kinel-Owenian, route, turma, 
or company of soldiers. 

h Him In the Annals of Kilronan it is 
stated that Mac Brannan displayed great valour 
in defending himself, but that he was over- 
whelmed by too many men of might. 

' Meelick, FTIiliuc. A church, near which 
are the ruins of one of the ancient Round Towc i . 
in a parish of the same name, in the barony of 
Gallen, and county of Mayo. 

k Then left, oo paccbub That is, the num- 
ber not seized upon by the plunderers previously 



to the ratification of the peace. 

1 Lough Macfarry, loc mic pepaoaij, called 
loc mic Gpabai j, in the Annals of Connaught, 
and loc mic Qipeaoaij, in those of Kilronan. 
This name is now forgotten ; but the Editor 
thinks that it was the old name of the Lake of 
Templehouse, in the county of Sligo. 

m Inhabitants of the Tualhax This is better told 
in the Annals of Kilronan, thus : " The resolution 
which the son of Cathal Crovderg then adopted, 
was to go with the English in pursuit of the cows 
of the Tuathas, of the Sil- Murray, and of the 
Clann-Tomalty, by a way which no Englishman 
had ever passed before, that is, by Fidh Gadlaigh, 
until they arrived at Attymas, and they received 
neither javelin nor arrow on that rout. They 
plundered Coolcarney, where they seized upon 
the cows and destroyed the people. Some at- 
tempted to escape from them into the Backs; 



l-J-r>.] ANNALS OK TIIK KIN(J1)OM OF IRELAND. -J-.T, 

The English, with Hutrh, the son of Cathal Crovdcrg, then set out to MII 
round Turlough; but the latter, on perceiving this, ordered his recruits in 
the VMM, Mini DOMM Oge Mageraghty, with his Calones, Flaherty ()' Flanagan, 
and a fe\v Tyronian soldiers 1 , who were with him in the rear, to cover 
the retreat, by which means they escaped from the enemy without the 
!-- of a man. On the same day some of Hugh O'Conor's marauding parties 
eiieouiiteivd Eachmarcach Mac Branan, who had gone to protect his cows 
against them ; and Eachmarcach fell by the overwhelming force of the 
warriors who fought against him". Hugh O'Conor, and the English, pursued 
the sons of Roderic that night to Meelick 1 , and for three nights afterwards 
roMtiiuied plundering Leyny in all directions. This was unfortunate to 
( >'IIara, who had to make peace with them, in consideration of the inconsider- 
able number of its cattle then left" in Leyny. 

The sons of Roderic were at this time stationed near Lough Macfarry 1 , in 
Gleann-na-Mochart. Hugh then proposed to the English that they should 
pursue and plunder the inhabitants of die Tuathas, the Sil-Murray, and 
Clann-Tomalty, as they had fled before him [with their cattle] ; and this 
being agreed upon, they set out, taking a road which the English alone would 
never have thought of taking , viz. they passed through Fiodh Gatlaigh, and 
marched until they reached Attymas"; and they plundered Coolcarney", after 

but such of these as were not drowned in the Attymas, cue ne an merfa'S- A parish 

attempt were killed or plundered. It was forming about the southern half of the territory 

pitiful! Such of them as proceeded to Dubh- of Coolcarney, in the barony of Gallen, and 

chonga were drowned, and the fishing weirs with county of Mayo See Map to Gfnealtyiet, Tribm, 

their baskets, were found full of drowned child- and Cuttomt of Hy-Fiaekraeh, printed in the 

iv n. Such of the flitting Clann-Tomalty as year 1844, and Explanatory Index to the same, 

escaped the English and the drowning, fled p. 477- 

to Tirawley, where they were attacked by v Cooieanuy, Cuil Ceapnaco This territory 

O'Dowda, and left without a single cow." retains its name to the present day. It is ti- 

" Would never haw thought of taking, nac tuated in the barony of Gallen, and county of 

pimimnr-oio jpill co bpor oul qieimpe, that is. Mayo, and comprises the parishes of Kilgmrran 

Hujrh. wlid w;i< intimately acquainted \vitli the and Attymas, which are divided from the county 

passes and population of the country, conducted of Sligo by a stream called Sruthan geal. Ac- 

the Kii-lish l.y .1 rout which they themselves cording to the Book of Hy-Fiachrach, Cuil 

would never hnvo thought of. The Annals of Cearnadha extended from Beul atha na nidheadh, 

r-.nnauirlitnwl of Kilronan describe these trans- six milea from Ballina, to the road or pass of ' 

a, tidiis mure fully than those of the Four Masters. Bremchmhuighe (Breaghwy), which is the name 

2o 



226 aNNCita Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1225. 

an cecrhe po bai&ie a noprhop. Qp arhlaib DO jjebci na cfpcanna uap a 
ccaippib lomlan Do leanbaib lap na mbachaD. ^ac a cceapna Don coipc 
|'in Diob 6 allaib, ~\ on lombaraD pemponee loDap i ecfp nariialjaib 50 
noeacaib 6 DubDa puca jonap paccaib aon bo aca. 

TTlaD iao clann Ruaibpi cpa apf comaiple Do ponpae 035 loc mic pea- 
paoaig pjjaoileab 6 apoile ooib 50 pjepDfp pocpaioe gall pe haob. Donn mag 
oipeccaij, i apoile Dia maicib Do cop DO paijib uf plaicbaepcaij a ppip com- 
luiji i comcooaij. TTIeic muipceapcaij ui concobaip, -| cijeapnan mac carail 
DO Dul ap cul a mbo -j a mumceap, -| Sic Do Denarii Doib cap a ccfnn 50 
bpagbaiDip joill mac carail cpoiboeipj. Qp ann baoi aob mun am pom i moij 
neo, ] ciajaiD meic muipceapcaij muimnij ma cfnn ap Shlanaibi comaipcib. 

TTlaD an caob ceap Do connaccaib Dana nip bo ciuin Doib Don Dul pom, 
uaip canjaoap joill laijfn ~\ muriian im muipceapcac ua bpiain, joill ofp 
murhan beop, -| Sippiam copcaije ina ccpecomnpc gup mapbpac a noaoine 
Doneoc ap a pucpac Diob, -\ gup lonnpaDap a mbpuij ] a mbailce. 6a 
hole cpa la hao& mac cacail cpoib&eipj a ccoccpom Don cupup pin uaip nf 
he po cocuip iaD, ache cnuc, ~\ popmac Da ngabail pen pe gac mairfp Da 
ccualaDap Dpdjail Don mpDip jona jallaib i cconnaccaib an can pom. Qp 
Don puacap po DO mapbaiD cecpe meic mec mupchaiD ap en lacaip. 

6a cpuacch cpa an nerhpen Do Deonaij Dia Don cuicceD Do bpfpp baoi 
i n6pmn an lonbaiD pi, uaip nf coiccleab an mac occlaoic apoile ace 50 
cpeachaD ] apccain pona curiiang. Oo cuipiD beop mna, i lemrh, painn, ~| 
poDaoine Dpuacc i jopca Don coccab pin. 

of a townland in the parish of Castleconor, lying Lough, in the parish of Attymas, in the barony 

to the east of Ardnarea, of Gallen, and county of Mayo See Ordnance 

> After having destroyedits people, lapnoiljenn Map of the county of Mayo, sheet 40; and also 

u ouoine ooiB. The word oiljenn or oiljeann Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiuc/i- 

signifies destruction, or depopulation. O'Clery rack, pp. 242, 243, and map to the same, 
writes it oil^ionn, according to the modern Irish s The baskets of tfie fishing tceirs, na cepcanna 

orthography, and explains it pjpior-, no oioluir- uap a ccaippib. In the Annals of Kilronan the 

piujaoh. The compound uile-oil^enn means reading is, no cappanna co na ceapcanoaib; 

total destruction, extirpation, or annihilation, and in the Annals of Connaught, nu caipp co 

See Annals of Tighernach at the year 995. n ceppucliuiB, i. a the wi-irs and baskets. The 

' Duvconga This place is now called b6al children that had been carried away by the floods 

6ra conja in Irish, and Anglicised Bellacong were found entangled in the baskets, which were 

and Ballycong. It is situated near Ballymore placed for nets in the carrys or fishing weirs. 



l-j-_>.-).] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 227 

having nearly destroyed its people'. Some of them fled to Duvconga', but tin 
greater part of these unv drowned; and the baskets of the fishing weirs' ^ 
found full of drowned children. Such of them as on this occasion escaped 
from the English, and the drowning aforesaid, passed into Tirawley, where 
they W.TI: attacked by O'Dowda, who left them not a single cow. 

As to the sons of Roderic, the resolution they adopted, at Lough Mac- 
Carry, was to separate from each other, until the English should leave 
I luirli; to send Donn Mageraghty, and others of their chieftains, to OTlaherty, 
their sworn friend and partisan ; and the sons of Murtough O'Conor, and 
Tiernan, the son of Cathal', to take charge of their people and cows, and to 
obtain peace on their behalf, until the English should leave (Hugh) the son 
of Cathal Crovderg. Hugh was at this time at Mayo, and the sons of Mur- 
tough Muimhneach [O'Conor] went to him under protection and guarantee". 

As to the inhabitants of the southern side of Connaught, they were not in 
a state of tranquillity at this period, for the English of Leinster and Munster, 
with Murtough O'Brien, the English of Desmond, and the sheriff of Cork, had 
made an irruption upon them, and slew all the people that they caught, and 
burned their dwellings and villages. Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was 
displeased at their coming on this expedition ; for it was not he that sent for 
them, but were themselves excited by envy and rapacity, as soon as they had 
heard what good things the Lord Justice and his English followers had obtained 
in Connaught at that time. During this incursion the four sons of Mac Mur- 
rough were slain on the same spot. 

Woeful was the misfortune, which God permitted to fall upon the best pro- 
vince in Ireland at that time! for the young warriors did not spare each other, 
but preyed and plundered each other to the utmost of their power. Women 
and cliililun, the feeble, and the lowly poor", perished by cold and famine in 
this war ! 

' Tiernan, the m of CaHaLHo was the son Kilronan it is stated that the sons of Murtough 

of Cathal O'Conor, who was one of the sons of " went into his house [to make their submis- 

Turlough Mure O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland. sion] under sureties and guarantees." 

" I'ndsr r r,,' '' ; marantee, ap rWnaiB " The poor. The Annals of Kitronan state, 

7 comuipcio, that is, they had persons to gua- that during this war women, children, young 

ranteu thoir safety on their arrival in his presence, lords, and mighty men, as well as feeble men, 

to make their mock peace. In the Annals of perished of cold and famine. Do ctnpic mna 

2o2 



2-28 aNNata Riojjhachca eiReawN. [122.3. 

lap nDul cpa Do macaib muipcfpcaij inuirhmj DO lacaip ao6a ui con- 
cobaip Do peip map Do puiDfmap, Do cuaiD ap ndbapac 50 all mfboiri. 
Compaicic cpi ploig na ngall ann pin pe poile, -| ap bfg nap bo Ian an cpioca 
ceo ma mbaccap Ifc ap Ifc eDip gallaib -| gaoibealaib. Uainicc aoD 6 
plaicbeapcaicc ap copaib i ap planaib maice gall, i Donnchaoa' caipbpij ui 
bpiain a caipDfpa cpiopD hi ccfnn aoDa ui concobaip, "| an lupoip co noeapna 
pic cap cfnn a buaip, i a Daoine pip, ap macaib Ruampi Daccop uaio. Imcijip 
aoD lap pin, i a joill imaille pip co cuaim Da jualann, ) leiccip goill laijean, 
1 ofpmumari uaio annpin. lompaiDip pen ap ccula Do com ui plaicbfpcaij 
oip nfop bo caipipe laip epiDe, uaip baccap meic Ruaibpi poirhe pin allamap 
DO loc aicce, -| Donn occ mag oipeaccaij apaon piu. 

Qnnpin po pcap mac magnupa pe cloinn Ruampi gup innpaij In ccfp 
namalgaiD ap cfnn a bo, i a rhumcipe 50 bpuaip mcc 50 pobanac gan 
cpeachaD gan apccain. T?ucc leip iaD lapam po bioean ui T?uaipc, i e lap 
ccpeachab pilip meic joipDelbaij. 

OonnchaD caipppeac ua bpiain Dana Do cuip piDe Dpong Dia muincip poirhe 
50 neoalaib aibblib. lap na piop pin DaoD mac RuaiDpi ~) Deojan 6 eiDin 
loDup pompa uarab DfjDaoine gup muioeaD pop muimnecaib, gop beanab a 
neDala 6iob, ] gup congbab bpaijoe Da mainb uaca. lap na clop pin Do 
DonnchaD caipbpeac cicc Do lacaip aoba mic RuaiDpi 50 ntieapna pir bdicce 
coinDel pip, i gup jab Do laim gan coiDeacc na aghaiD DopiDij i Dia lecceao 

7 lemb 7 oijn^eipn 7 cpeoin 7 ecrpeom pe ai^e, 7 a cliamam pern .1. Oonn Og maille 

puacc 7 pe gopca oon 00506 pin. ppiu. " He then came to another resolution, 

* Of his gossip, a caipoeapa Cpfopo This namely, to return back to O'Flaherty, for he 

term is used in the modern language to denote did not like how he left him ; for he had on 

a gossip, or one who is a sponsor for a child at the west side of the lake the sons of Roderic, 

baptism See O'Brien's Dictionary in voce. and his own son-in-law, that is, Donn Oge along 

See also Harris's Ware, vol. ii. p. 72, for Gosti- w jth them." 

pred. Hanmer says, that it was a league of * Manus. According to the Book of Lecan, 

amity highly esteemed in Ireland See note d fol. 72, b, col. 4, he was the ninth son of Tur- 

under the year 1178, p. 42, supra. lough More O'Conor, monarch of Ireland. Hi- 

i Donn Oge It is stated in the Annals of descendants took the surname of Mac Manus, 

Kilronau that Donn Oge Mageraghty was O'Fla- an d were seated in Tir Tuathsiil. in the north- 

herty's son-in-law: Oo pome pirn comuipli east of the barony of Boyle, in the county of 

uili ann pin .1. impo6 oo cum 1 plairbepcai^ Roscommon. 

cip cula, uaip nip caipipi leip map DO pu^uib e, After having first plundered, lap ccpeachao. 

uaip DO buoup meic Ruuiopi alia aniap DO loc That is, on his passage through the present 



lil] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. , 

Tlic sons of Murtough Muimhneach [O'Conor] having ! Hugh 

O'Conor, as we have stated, he went on the next day to Kilma'me, where tin- 
three English armies met; and nearly the whole of the triocha ched (cantred) 
was filled with people, both Kngiish and Irish. Hugh O'Flaherty, under the 
protection fend guarantee of the chiefs of the English, and of his gossip", 
Donough Can-breach O'Hricn, came to Ilugh O'Conor and the Lord Justice, 
ami made peace with O'Conor, on behalf of his people and cows, on condition 
that he should expel the sons of Roderic. After this, Hugh and his English 
went to Tuam, where he dismissed the English of Leinster and Desmond ; 
after which he returned back to (watch) O'Flaherty, for he did not confide in 
him, as O'Flaherty had, some time before, the sons of Roderic at the west side 
of the lake, together with Donn Oge" Mageraghty. 

The son of Manus 1 then parted fromlhe sons of Roderic, and set out 
for Tirawley, in quest of his cows and people, and fortunately found them 
there, without having been plundered or molested. He then took them with 
him, under the protection of O'Rourke, after having first plundered* Philip 
Mac Costello. 

Donough Cairbreach O'Brien sent a detachment of his people before him. 
with immense spoils; but Hugh, the son of Roderic, and Owen O'Heyne, having 
heard of this movement, went before them with a few select men, defeated the 
Momonians, deprived them of their spoils, and detained some of their nobles 
as hostages. When Donough Cairbreach heard of this, he came to Hugh, the 
son of Roderic, and made a solemn peace" with him, and bound himself never 

liarony of Costello, which lay on his way to and people, and found them in good condition, 

O'Rourke, he plundered Mac Costello. In the without having been plundered or molested, 

Annuls of Kilronan, the language of this pas- and they took them with them to O'Rourkc, 

sage is much better than that written by the and on their tray they took a great pivy from 

Four Mast.T-i. It runs thus: If ann pm po Philip Mac Costello." 

beilijj meic mujpiupa pe macaio liuuiopi, 7 " A talemn peace, r 1 ^ btiicce combe I, i. e. 

DO cuaeap u ccip miihuljjiiib up cenn a mbo a peace of the extinguishing of candle*, L e. a 

7 a mumeeup, 7 puupaoap lao jo poounac peace so solemn, that he who should violate it 

can mpuo can upjum, 7 pujpae leo we a would incur excommunication, of which cere- 

nucc 1 Riuiipc, 7 oo ponptic cpeic moip ap mony the extinguishing of the candles formed 

pitilip miic ^oipoeulbh. "Then the sons of the last and most terror-striking part. Ma- 

Manus separated from the sons of Roderic, and geoghegan expresses it, " a peace so solemn that 

they went to Tirawley in quest of their cows whoever would break it was to be excommuni- 



230 QNNata Rio^hachca eiReaNN. 



a aop 5pai6 cuije. 5'b eaC) h P coriiaill pom a coinioll DO mac T?uai6pi 
(lap bpajail a rhuinnpe 66 uaio) uaip cainicc ap an ceo pluaijjeaD ma 
05016 la hao6 mac cacail cpoibDeipj. 

UeD 006 i an uipDip jona jallaib mppin 50 cala6 mnpi cpfma jup 
beccin Do plaicbeapcaicch imp cpfrha, -| oilen na cipce 50 naprpaijib an loca 
DO cabaipr ap laim ao6a. ^piallaip an lupofp lap pin Dia cij. Ueo ao6 
6 concobaip Dia io6laca6 uioe cian Da plf 516 jup pagaib an lupofp uacaD DO 
rhainb a muincipe aicce imaille pe hiomao penneo, ~\ peaposlaoc oip nfop bo 
caipipi laip connacraij accmaD bfcc. Uuccpom annpin moire a oipeacca 
illairh jail a ngioll pe a ccuapapclaib, .1. plaicbeapcac 6 plannaccam, pfp- 
j^al ua caiDj, ~\ apoile DO maicib connacc, i ap Doib pen DO beccin a bpuap- 
laccao. 

Qp a haicle pin iompaf6ip ua*plaicbeapcaij, meicc muipceaprai j, ~\ na 
huaiple apcfna ap ao6 mac cacail cpoibDeipj lap nimcecc cpoimcionoil 
na ngall uaiD, ~\ po gabpac le macaib RuaiDpi. Cuipip ao6 o concobaip 
annpin cecca i pgpibne Do paijm an iiipcfp Dia poillpiujaD pin 66, -| Diap- 
paiD puilleaD pocpaiDi. Nip bo hairepc po lap Dopam pin, uaip Do ppeccpa- 

cated with book, bell, and candle." See note of it as follows : " Iniscreawa, or Wildgarlick 

under the year 1200. Isle, is near Cargin, in the barony of Clare ; a 

c Lord Justice. He was Geoffry de Marisco, small island, where the walls and high ditch of 

or De Mariscis, or Geffry March, as he is called a well fortified place are still extant, and en- 

by Mageoghegan, in his translation of the An- compass almost the whole island. Of this isle, 

nals of Clonmacnoise, at the years 1225, 1226. Macamh Insicreawa, a memorable ancient magi- 

He was succeeded by Richard de Burgo, the great cian, as they say, had his denomination." See 

Lord of Connaught, on the 10th of March, 1227. Territory of Hiar Connaught, by Roderic O'Fla- 

See list of the Chief Governors of Ireland given herty, printed for the Irish Archseological So- 

in Harris's Ware, vol. ii. p. 103, where it is in- ciety in 1845, p. 25. The walls here referred 

correctly stated that Hubert de Burgh, after- to by O'Flaherty still remain, and are of a cy- 

wards Earl of Kent, was appointed Lord Justice clopean character. The natives assert that this 

of Ireland, on the 10th of March, 1227, and was the castle of Orbsen, from whom Loch 

Richard de Burgo appointed Lord Deputy of Orbsen, now Lough Corrib, took its name. 

Ireland, on the same day and year. See Map to Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, 

d Inig Creamha This is a small island in printed in 1843, on which the position of this 

Lough Corrib, near the Castle of Cargins, island is shewn. 

and belonging to the barony of Clare, in the The transaction narrated in the text is thus 

county of Galway. The name is translated stated by O'Flaherty, in his Account of West 

Wildgarlick Isle'by Roderic O'Flaherty, in his Connaugn*t : "Anno 1225. The Lord Justice of 

Account of Wesf Connaught, where he speaks Ireland coming to the port of Iniscreawa, caused 



1225.] ANNALS OF T1IK KINGDOM OF I UK LAND. 231 

again to oppose him, on condition that Hugh would restore him his Acs grnidh. 
But lie did not adhere to this his covenant with the son of Eoderic; for, 
after obtaining his people from him, he came in the first army that Hugh, tin- 
-on of Ciithal Crovderg, marched against him. 

After this, Hugh [the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor], and the Lord 
Justice', with his English, set out for the port of Inia Creamha"; and O'Flaherty 
was compelled to surrender the island of Inis Creamha, and Oilen na Circe', and 
nil UK- vessels [boats] on the lake, into the hands of Hugh. The Lord Justice 
then returned home, and was escorted a great part of the way by Hugh 
O'Conor, with whom he left a few of the chiefs of his people, together with 
many soldiers' and warriors; for the Connacians were not faithful to him, ex- 
cept very few. After this Hugh gave up to the English the chiefs of his people, 
as hostages for the payment of their wages', as Flaherty, O'Flanagan, Farrell 
O'Tcige", and others of the chiefs of Connaught, who were subsequently obliged 
to ransom themselves. 

After the departure of the main army of the English from Hugh, the sons/ 
of Cathal Crovderg, O'Flaherty, the son of Murtough 1 , and all the other nobles, 
revolted against him, and joined the sons of Roderic. Hugh O'Conor then 
ilc^patched messengers and letters to the Lord Justice, to inform him of the 
riivumstance, and request additional" forces. His request was by no means 

Odo O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, to de- the reward or wages to be paid them by the 

liver that island, Kirke Island, and the boats King of Connaught for their services in war. 

of Lough Orbscn, into the hands of Odo O'Con- This had nothing to do with the tribute to be 

nor. King of Connaught (Cathald Redfist's son), paid to the King of England in accordance with 

for assurance of his fidelity." p. 25. the Treaty of Windsor. 

Oilen na Circe, now Castlekirk island, in b CTTeigt is now anglicised Teige, and soine- 

the north-west part of Lough Corrib, containing times Tighe. The name is common in the neigh- 

the ruins of a very ancient castle. See Hiar bourhood of Castlereagh, in the county of Ro- 

Cormaugkt, by Roderic O'Flaherty, pp. 22, 24. common. 

f Soldier*, penned According to the An- ' The ton of Murttntgk, mac 1Tluipcheproi& 

nuls of Kilronun, the Lord Justice left with i. e. the sons of the celebrated Muirchertach 

Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, on this occa- Muimhneach, or Murtongh the Momonian 

aion, a few [uaruo] of the chiefs of the English O'Conor, who, according to the Book of Lecan, 

mid ninny archers [peippennuij imoa]." was the eleventh son of Turlough More, monarch 

Wage*, cunpaprluib. In the Annals of of Ireland. 

Kilronan, the reading is, a njjill pe ccuanur-- * Additional. piiilleb is the old form of the 

bal, i. e. in pledge for their pay or stipend, L e. modern word cuilUao, more. In tUe Annals of 



[1325. 



nap joill 50 pomnirh paipepccaib e. dec cfna ba ruillrheac Doibpiorh an 
cupup pin oip pa mop a neoala, -\ ba bfcc a nimpeapgna. Cuipceap jjoill 
laijean cingipiorh annpin )m uilliam ccpap, i im niacaib gpippin. lap mbper 
na pocpaiDi pin aippiom lonnpaijib meic Ruaibpi cap cocap piap, ~\ jabaip 
poirhe in uib Diapmaca map a ccuala meic Ruaibpi DO beir gan Uon poc- 
paiDe, uaip nf panjaccap a luce combaba iaD mun am pom, i cuipip pebti- 
mi6 a bpacaip, -| apoile Do rhaicib a muincipe, ~\ pocpaiDe mop DO glapldraib 
gall Dionnpab eojain uf e6m in uib bpiacpac aibne co mbaDap abaij lonj- 
puipc in apD parain pa comaip na cipe oapccam a muca na mamne ap 
ccionn. 

poillpijceap Dua plairbeapcaig, -] Do macaib muipceapcaij (baDap 
05 lonnpaijib mac Ruaibpi) goill DO bul Do cpeachab a bpip comluicce, 
Gojan 6 heibin, -\ a mber an apD parain, nfp paillicceab pin piupom oip 
Do Ifnpac mcc Dencoil i Denaoncaib 50 pansaoap i ccompoccup Doib. Do 
jnfaD comaple pe poile annpin, .1. cuaral mac muipceapcaij, | caiclec ua 



Kilronan, the reading is, oiappaio cuilleao 
pocpume. 

1 Struggle trifling, ba becc a nimpfpjna. 
In the Annals of Kilronan the reading is : DO 
jjeibcip dcalci 7 ni paj^oai p 566 na himeapap- 
cain, i. e. " They used to obtain the spoils, but 
did not expose themselves to the danger of 
the conflict" The word impep^na, which is 
used by the Four Masters, is thus explained in 
O'Clery's Glossary of ancient Irish Words : im- 
peapjna, .1. imeapopjam, .1. bpuijean. " Im- 
teargna, i. e. striking on every side, i. e. con- 
flict." Both forms of the word are correctly 
explained in the Irish Dictionaries of O'Brien 
and O'Reilly, both having taken them from 
O'Clery. 

m William Grace, Uilliam Ccpap. In the 
Annals of Kilronan he is called Uilliam Cp6p, 
i. e. Gulielmus Cratstu. Cras, or Gras, was the 
soubriquet of Raymond le Gras, and afterwards 
became a family name, which is now always 
incorrectly written Grace. It is derived from 
the French (jrras, or Grus. 



a The togker, i. e. the causeway. This cause- 
way, which was called cocap mono comea&a, 
is still well known, and its situation pointed 
out by the natives, though the country is very 
much improved. It is situated in the parish of 
Templetogher, in the barony of Ballimoe, and 
county of Galway. Hugh O'Conor, who had 
his residence in the plain of Croghan, marclifd 
on this occasion across the ford at Ballimoe, and 
directing his course south-westwards crossed 
this causeway, and proceeded into Hy-Diann; 
or O'Concannon's country, where he had heard 
his rival was staying. See note ', under the 
year 1 177, pp. 34, 35, 36. Also note under tla- 
year 1255. 

Recruits, p;lapla6caiK, i. e. raw recruits, 
or soldiers lately enlisted. The Annals of Kil- 
ronan call them juillpeippeancaib, i. e. Eng- 
lish archers. 

p Ardrahin, apb pacnm, a fair-town in the 
barony of Dunkellin, and county of Galway, 
and a vicarage in the diocese of Kilmacduagh. 
Here is still to be seen a small portion of the 



]>f>.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINdDOM OF IRELAND. 

an iiirllivtiuil HIM-, for tin- Knu'lish retpotujed to his call cheerfully and expcdi- 
tiously; and well was tlu-ir promptness rewarded, for their spoil was great, and 
their struggle trilling 1 . The English of Leinster, under the conduct of William 
Grace 1 " and tin- sons of Grillin. w re sent to aid him. On the arrival of these 
I. lives, lludi proceeded westwards, across theTogher" [the Causeway], against 
the sons of Roderic, and advanced to Hy-Diarroada, where he had heard they 
wrro stationed, without any considerable forces, for their allies had not as yet 
joined them; and he sent his brother Felim, and others of the chiefs of his 
people, and a great number of the English recruits into Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne, 
to plunder Owen O'Hcyne. These encamped for one night at Ardrahen", with 
a view to plunder the country early in the morning following. 

O'Flaherty and the sons of Murtough [O'Conor], who were then on their 
way to join the sons of Roderic, having received intelligence that the English 
had gone to plunder their sworn partisan, Owen O'Heyne, and were stationed 
at Ardrahen, did not abandon their friend, but, with one mind and accord, fol- 
lowed' the English until they came very close to them. They then held a 
oiincil 11 , and came to the resolution of sending Tunthal, the son of Murtough' 

ruins of an ancient cloigtheach, or Round Tower. O'Flaherty, and the other ion of Murtough, 

i They then held a council, DO jniox comaiple was to remain outside the town. The Irishman 

pe poile ann pn This attack on the English selected to accompany Tuathal O'Conor, was 

at A rdrahen is much better described in the An- Taichleach, the son of Hugh O'Dowda ; and they 

nalsof Kilronan, particularly in giving the names entered the town with great courage and bold- 

of persons, which are so confusedly given by ness, and the English fled out of the town, one 

the Four Masters. It runs as follows : " O'Fla- party of them passing eastwards and another 

liorty and the sons of Murtough [O'Conor], as westwards. They were pursued eastwards. The 

they were coming to join the sons of Roderic, party who fled to the west came in collision with 

heard of the English having set out to plunder the Irish who were at the back of the town, and 

their sworn ally O'Heine, and of their being at routed them, though there were not living among 

Ardrahen ; and they adopted the resolution of the Irish any people more rigorous than they ; 

going to Ardrahen, attacking the English early but fortune did not favour them. The party 

in the morning, and burning the town over who fled eastwards were pursued by Tuathal 

thiir heads. They travelled all night, and [O'Conor] and Taichleach O'Dowda. Tuathal 

early in t lie morning arrived on the green, of first wounded the constable of the English, who 

the town. The resolution they then came to fell by the hand of Taichleach. It was indeed 

was, to sent first into the town Tuathal, the son fortunate for the son* of Koderic that they were 

of Murtough, und whomsoever of the Irish chief- not in this conflict," Sec. 

tains hu would wish to accompany him, while ' Tuathal, the ton of Murtough. From the 

1 11 



234 aNNata Rioghachca eirceccNR [1225. 

Duboa 50 nDipim amaille piu Do cup DO poijib an baile ceeup ua plaicbeap- 
caij i mac muipceapcaij iman mbaile peccaip juna pocpaiDib. Luib 
cuacal, i caicleac jona bpianldc 50 mfnmnac meapbdna i cepecommupc 
jail ip in mbaile 50 ccucpac eiuj puabaipc biobbaib oppo. TTlmbeeap pop 
jallaib poip i piap ap a hairle. Lfnaiepiom aop na ma6ma poip. Coieip 
euacal conpcapla na ngall Da ceo pupjarh. Qr^onaiy caicleac e gup paj- 
bab an conpoapla jan anmain De pibe. Odla na ngall ap ap muibeab ap an 
mbaile Don caoib apaill po eipij ua plairbeapcaij, ~\ mac muipceapcaij Doib. 
^i6ea6 capla Dampen DaibpiDe jup bpipeaccap joill oppa po ceDoip. Qp 
Don coipc pin DO mapbab macjarham mac aoba mic concobaip maonmaije, 
giolla cpiopD mac Diapmaoa, mall mac peapjail ua caibg, ^fc. Qcc cfna 
po mapbab an peap po rhapb mall 6 caibg, .1. bpacaip colen uf biomupaij. 

Oala mac Ruaibpi coniDpecaiD ap abapac pe hua pplairbeapcaig, ) pip 
an CCUID oile Da naop comra 50 ccangacap pompa a nDeap 50 Dpuim cfnan- 
nciin. Luib aob mac cacail cpoiboeipj gona jallaib ina noiaib. Comaip- 
lijceap 05 aipeaccaib clomne Ruaibpi annpin gac aon Diob Do paijib a 
mfnnaca pepin, -\ Do gnfar pamlaib ace Donn occ mag oipeccaij nama. 
Gib cpa ace mp ppagbdil na puipeac, .1. clomne Ruaibpi uf concobaip 
annpin in uacab pocpaiDe looap DO paijib aoba uf nell, -] Donn mag oipeac- 
caij imaille pifi. 

lonnpaijip aob mac carail cpoibDeipg ua plairbeapcaij annpin 50 ccuc 
jell, i eDipeaba uaib. Camic poime mpam 50 cill meaboin, -| 50 moij 
neo i nDiaib mic muipceapcaij, -) cijfpndm mic cacail miccapam 50 
noeapnpac pic cap cfnn a mbuaip i a mumcipe, -| 50 noeacpac DO lacaip 

manner in which this name is given by the Four See Book of Lecan, fol. 75, b, a ; Book of Bal- 

Masters, one would suppose that this Tuathal lymote, fol. 23, p. b, col. a, line 29 ; and Duald 

was one of the O'Dowda family ; but the more Mac Firbis's Genealogical Book, p. 575. 

ancient annals shew that he was Tuathal, the ' Druim Ceanannain The Editor could not 

son of the celebrated Muircheartach Muiruh- find any place of this name in the county of 

neach O'Conor, and the brother of Maims Galway. There is a Liscananaim in the parish 

O'Conor. of Lackagh, in the barony of Clare, and county 

s They joined, comopecaio In the Annals of Galway. 

ofKilronan the reading is, po compuiceaoap, u /.V.W,v/rv._.mfnnao, is explained by O'Clery, 

i. e. they met. The word comopeccuo is often in his Vocabulary, ut the word muipea&ac, thus: 

used to translate the Latin word conveninni. " muipeaohac .1. cijeupna. muipeaoac j^ac 






ANNAI.* "I I1IK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 

[O'ConorJ, and TaicliU-ach < )'l)o\vda, with numerous forces, into the town, while 
O'Flaherty and the [other] son of Murtough were to remain with their forces 
outside. Tuathal and Taichleach, with a strong body of their soldiers, marched 
spiritedly and boldly into the town, and made a powerful attack upon the 
English there, who were routed east and west. They pursued those who fled 
eastwards. Tuathal wounded the constable of the English with his first shot ; 
and Taichleach, by another shot, gave him so deep a wound, that he was left 
lifeless. As to the English who were routed westwards from the town, they 
were met by O'Flaherty and the [other] son of Murtough ; but it happened, 
through their evil destiny, that the English routed them immediately. On thi> 

!-i< >n Mahon, the son of Hugh, who was son of Conor Moinmoy; Gilchreest 
Mac Dermot; Niall, the son of Farrell O'Teige, and others, were slain; but the 
man who slew Niall O'Teige, i. e. the brother of Colen O'Dempsey, was slain 
himself also. 

As to the sons of Roderic, ^hey joined* O'Flaherty and their other allies 
the next morning, and proceeded southwards to Druim-Ceanannain 1 ; but Hugh, 
the son of Cathal Crovderg, with his English, set out after them. The tribes 
who supported the sons of Roderic now held a consultation, and came to the 
resolution that each of them should return to his own residence", which all 
accordingly did, excepting Donn Oge Mageraghty ; and the princes, i. e. the 
sons of Roderic, being thus left with only a small force, went to Hugh O'Neiir, 
accompanied by Donn Mageraghty. 

Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, then attacked O'Flaherty, and took 
hostages and pledges from him. He then proceeded to Kilmaine and Mayo, in 
pursuit of the sons of Murtough" and Tiernan, the son of Cathal Migaran 
[O'Conor] who came before him under the guarantee ofDonough Cairbreach, 

meunnarra, .1. cijeapna op j-nc tonaoh: mfn- turn to his people nd cattle, and leave the sons 

not> .1. lonuo." of Roderic. The sons of Roderic then left the 

* It".-/// to Ilniih O'Xrill, looap oo po'S'o ooa comntry, for they had no English or Irish forces 

ui neill. The compound preposition, or prepo- at hand, and Donn Oge went again to O*NeilL 

Mtiomil |ihr:iM-. oo pciij^io, is now obsolete, and And nothing resulted from this expedition, but 

o'lonnpn^io, or oo cum, used in its place. This that the best province in Ireland wag injured 

passage is given somewhat differently in the and destroyed between them. 

Annals of Kilnumn. thus: "The resolution "Murtougk, L e. the celebrated Muircheartach 

they uiloptnl \MI- that each of them should re- Muimhneach O'Conor. 

2 ii 2 



236 dNNata Rio^hachca eiraeaNR [1225. 

aoba ui Concabaip ap pldnaibeacc Donnchaba caipbpij, ) maire na njall. 
6a curhpanab na lonam pin uaip ni paibe cill na cuaic i cconnaccaib an can 
pom jan loc ~] Idinmilleb. 

Uebm Diopulaing oo ceccbdil i ccpfc connacc an lonbaib pi, .1. cpeablaio 
rpom rfpaijn gup polmaijea6 mop mbailce bi gan elaibrec bfra opdgbdil 
lonnca. 

plann mac amlaoib ui paltamam coipec clomne huaDac DO mapbaoh 
opeblimm mac cacail cpoiboeipg Don coccab pin. <Cabs ua pfnnacca peap 
5pdi6 Dao6 mac Ruaibpi Do mapbab la mumcip mec aobajdin ip in coccab 
ceDna. 

Qmlaoib mac peapcaip ui pallarhain roipec a Duccupa pen Do bpeapp 
Don cenel Da mboi DO ecc. 

IThnpeabac ua pfnnacca coipec cloinm mupchaba Decc in aprpac ap 
loc oipbpion, i e plan 05 ool inn. 

Ueac DO jabdil pop concobap mac caibg <K ceallaij (cijfpna ua mame) 
1 pop apojal a bparaip la macaib caibj ui ceallaij, -| a lopccab ann ap 
aon. 

Duapcdn 6 hfjpa, cabg 6 hfjpa, -] eDaoi'n in^ean Diapmaca mic Domnaill 
in ejpa Decc. 

1 ^1 necessary tranquillity, curiipanab na y Clann-Uadach, a territory in the barony of 

lomim In the Annals of Kiln man the reading Athlone, and county of Roscommon, comprising 

is : if cumpanao pangup a leap pin, uaip ni the entire of the parish of Camma, and the 

jiaibe ceall na cuac jan milleab in la pin a greater part, if not the entire, of that of Dysart. 

ConnuccuiB. lap naipjniB 7 tap mapb'ao bo Briola, in the parish of Dysart, is referred 

in cipe 7 a ouoine, 7 ap cup caic pe puacc 7 to in old manuscripts as in this territory See 

pe jopra, DO pap reiom mop^alaip ip in cip Tribes and Customs qfHy-Many, printed for the 

uile .1. cenel cepca cpep a bpolthuirre na Irish Archaeological Society, in 1843, p. 19; 

baileaoa jan oume beo opacbdil mncib. and map to the same. O'Fallon resided at Mill- 

" This rest was wanting, for there was not a town, in the parish of Dysert, in the year 1585, 

church or territory in Connaught, which had as appears from a curious document among the 

not been destroyed by that day. After the Inrdments tem]>ore FMzabethcc, in the Auditor 

plundering and killing of the cattle, people had General's Office, Dublin, dated 6th August, 

been broken down by cold and hunger, and a 1585, and entitled "Agreement between the 

violent distemper raged throughout the whole Irish chieftains and inhabitants of Imany, called 

country, i. e. a kind of burning disease, by O'Kelly's country, on both sides of the River 

which the towns were desolated, and left with- Suck in Connaught, and the Queen's Majesty." 
out a single living being." * Clann-Murrouyh, Clann mupchaoa. Ac- 



ANNALS OF T1IK KINGDOM OF IRKLAND. 

and the chiefs of the English, and on condition that he should spare their 
|M'<>i>lr ami cuttle. This was a necessary tranquillity*, for there was net a 
church or territory in Connaught at that time that had not been plumlnvd 
and desolated. 

An oppressive malady raged in the province of Connaught at this time : 
it was a heavy burning sickness, which left the large towns desolate, without 
a single survivor. 

Flann, the son of Auliffe O'Fallon, Chief of Clann-Uadagh", was slain by 
Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, in this war ; and Teige O'Finaghty, one of 
the officers [Acs graidh] of Hugh, the son of Roderic, was slain by the people 
I' Mac Egan during the same war. 

Auliffe, the son of Fearcair O'Fallon, chieftain of his own tribe, and tlu- 
best of them, died. 

Murray O'Finaghty, Chief of Clann-Murrough 1 , died in a vessel on Lough 
Oirbsen (Lough Corrib), which 1 he had gone into in good health. 

A house was attacked upon the son of Teige O'Kelly (Lord of Hy-Many), 
and upon Ardgal his brother, by the sons of Teige O'Kelly, and both were 
burned within it 

Duarcan O'llara, Teige O'Hara, and Edwina, daughter of Dennot, the sou 
!' Doiniell O'llara, died. 

cording to O'Dugan's topographical Poem, there way, and that each sept had twenty-lour 
were two chiefs of the O'Finaghtys in Con- ballya, or ninety-six quarters of land. Both 
nought (516 enmuicne n! hionunn), one called septs were dispossessed soon after the English 
Chief of Clann Murrhadha, and the other Chief invasion by that family of the Burkes called Mac 
of Clann Conmhaigh, The latter name is still Davids, who descended from a furious heroine, 
remembered and now pronounced Clanconow, named Nuala na meadoigc, the daughter ! 
but the former is totally forgotten. According O'Finaghty, who was the mother of David 
to Duald Mac Firbis, and the tradition in the Burke, the ancestor of Mac David, Lord of Clan- 
country, tin O'Finaghtys were seated on both conow, and by whose treachery the O'Finaghtys, 
sides of the River Suck, and their territory her own tribe, were dispossessed. In the year 
comprised, before the English invasion, forty- 1628, Sir Ulick Burke, only son of Edmond 
eight ballys, or large Irish townlands. Some Burke, of Glinske, Lord of Clanconow, was 
think that the sept of them called Clann-Mur- created a baronet of Ireland, and from him tin- 
h \\.-iv ..n tl.. i-ast side of the River Suck, present Sir John Burke, of Glinsk Castle, the 
in the present county of Roscommon, and that present head of this family, is descended. I 
.iill.-d Clmmi-onow, or Clanconway, on the west Genealoyiet, Tritxt,%c.,ofIIy-Fiathrack. p. 108, 
<!' the same rivir. in the now county of Gal- note b . 



238 



[1225. 



TTluimmj -| goill DO 6ul po ceapmann caolainne, ap na njall DO cop Don 
coipc pin cpe peapcaib De -| caolainne. 

Qn rapbap 50 buain a hairle na pell bpijDe. 



* The Momonians, $c This entry relating to 
the plundering of Tearmann Caelainne, is entered 
in the Annals of Kilronan under the year 1 224. 
These annals state-that when O'Neill (after having 
inaugurated Turlough, the son of Roderic, as 
King of Connaught) had heard that Donough 
Cairbreach O'Brien and Geoffry Mares were 
coming into Connaught, he retreated with all 
possible expedition ; and that theMomonians and 
English not finding O'Neill in Connaught before 
them, pursued the sons of Roderic, and banished 
them to O'Neill a second time, &c. &c. They 
then add : " The English and the Momonians 
then attacked Tearmann Caoilfinn, but the Eng- 
lish were slaughtered through the miracles of 
Caoilfinn." 

b Tearmann Caelainne, i. e. the Termon, or 
sanctuary of the virgin, St. Caelainn. The si- 
tuation of this place has not been pointed out by 
any of our historical or topographical writers. 
Duald Mac Firbis, indeed, in his Genealogies of 
the Irish Saints, p. 733, states that it is in 
Connaught. Thus: "Caolpionn 6 Cfpmonn 
Caolainne i cconachcnib," i. e " Caolfionn of 
Termon Caolainne in Connaught." It appears 
from an Inquisition taken on the 27th of May, 
1617, that Termon-Kealand belonged to the 
monastery of Roscommon. The Editor, when 
examining the localities of the county of Ros- 
common for the Ordnance Survey, found that 
this place is still well known, and that its ancient 
name is not yet forgotten, though Termonmore 
is that more generally used. It is situated in the 
parish of Kilkeevin, and about one mile to the east 
of the town of Castlereagh, in the county of Ros- 
common, where the virgin, St. Caellain, is still 
vividly remembered, and curious legends told 
about her miracles. Her holy well, called Tobar 



Caelainne, is situated in the townland of Moor, 
in the same parish, and from it an old road led 
across the bog to the Termon, where her nun- 
nery church stands in ruins. See Ordnance 
Map of the county of Roscommon, sheets 20 
and 26, whereon the ruins of her church and 
nunnery, and also her holy well, called Tober- 
caelainne, are shewn. 

This virgin was the patron saint of the tribes 
called Ciarraighe or Kierrigii, of the original 
settlement, of whom in this neigbourhood, as 
well as in the present barony of Costello, in the 
county of Mayo, the following account is pre- 
served in a vellum MS. in Trinity College, Dub- 
lin, H. 3, 17, p. 875. 

Cum rancacap Ciappaiji a Conaccaib? 
NTn. 1 n-aimpip Qeba mic Gacach Cipmcapna. 
Cia DID cainic ap rup? NIn. .1. Coipbpi mac 
Conaipe ramie a rPumam a nbeap lap na m- 
oapba eipo. Camic cpa co n-a mumcip uile 
co hde6 mac Gachuch Cipmcapna. 6ai m- 
jfn bfppcairech la coipppi; po chninoi^ Cteo 
ap a harhuip hi. Caimc pi peacr aon Do ri 
a hacap. Ro jab a haruip pern coippi moip i 
n-a piabnaipi. Ro piappaio in mjfn oe cib 
bia mbui. ITlo Beic jun pfpann pop oeopai- 
fcc ap p4. Canjap on pij ap cfnn na liin^me 
lap pin. Ro cino imoppu an mji;in na pajuD 
rpia oiehu co caporu pfpann mair oia haruip. 
Oo B^appa bo ap dec, boneoc a ciucpa cim- 
cheall i n-aen lo oo na poichpiB pea piap, 7 
oo be'uprap Caelamo cpaibreach ppip nu 
bilpi. Cimceallaib pin lapam co mop an cip 
pin amail a oubpab pip 7 bo poich pa beoij 
bia 15. 6eipio a mumcip ip na pfpanoaiB 
pin. Caipi^ib Connacca co mop an n dec ap 
a mec leo oo pab b'pfp an choipbpi, 7 ap- 
beapcacap coipbpi bo mapBur. NI pfcpaibcfp 



l.o i 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



The Momonians* and English attacked Tearmann Caelainne 6 , but tin- 
English were slaughtered on this occasion, through the miracles of God and 
St Caeltiimi. 

The corn remained unreaped until after the festival of St Bridget [the 1st 
of February*]. 



I m, ap Qeo, 6p aca Caelaino u n-oilp ppip 
pein, 7 ppia pfpano. Qcc cfna De"ncap lino 
ujaiB oo, 7 cabap oeoc neihe oo aeon lino pin, 
jup ob mapB oe. Oo jnirfp lapam ariiluio 
pn an plfo, jup Bo uplaiii. poillpijrfp laparh 
on coiriiDi DO Chaelaino in ni pn. Ci^ pioe 
oo pH^it) na pl el 5'' C\6 Ola P l| m papuioip, a 
Qeo? ap pi. Sapatopecpa rupa poo pii mo. 
C'oijqpiap ouic mo, ap an pijj. 5 eoao i a P 
Caelaino. fteip DO Bpeic DUO, ap an pi. 
6epao, ap pi. Qp ip cpia lino po poibpip a 
mapBao, ap pi, a metich no 05 pipemai, ap 
pi, .1. pi Connacc oia neaba lino Ciappaije co 
bpac; conao oe pin na nemno ciappaije lino 

00 pi Connacc oo jpfp. pfpann oarii pim, 

01 in cailleac. Rajaio ap an pig. Do Bfp- 
rap in Cipmuno mop 01 mpam ; conao ano pil 
i ceall anm. 

" When first did the Kiorrigii come into Con- 
naught? Not difficult. In the time of Aedh, 
son of Eochy Tinneliarna. Which of them came 
lirst? Not difficult. Coirbri, son of Conairi, 
who came from the south of Munster, when he 
had been expelled. He came with all his people 
to Aedh, the son of Eochy Tirmcharaa. Coirbri 
had a famous daughter. Aedh asked her of her 
lather. She came one time to her father's house ; 
her father conceived great grief in her presence ; 
his daughter asked him from what it rose ' My 
being without land in exile, 1 said he. Messen- 
gers came afterwards from the King to see the 
daughter, but she determined that she would 
not ir<> to tin- Kin- until he should give a good 
portion of land to her father. ' I will give him,' 
*aid Aedh, 'as much of the wooded lands to the 
west, as he can puss round in one day; and 



Caelainn, the Pious, shall be given as guarantee 
of it.' Coirbri afterwards went round a great 
extent of that country, according to the mode 
directed, and finally returned to his house. II. 
brought his people into these lands. The Con- 
nacians greatly criminated Aedh for the too 
great extent of land, as they deemed, which he 
had given, and said that Coirbri should be killed. 
' This cannot be done,' said Aedh, ' for Caelainn 
is guarantee for himself and for his land. But, 
however, let some beer be made by you for hint, 
and give him a poisonous draught in that beer, 
that he may die of it' A feast was, therefore, 
afterwards prepared. This thing was afterwards 
revealed by the Lord to Caelainn. She came to 
the feast. ' Why hast thou violated my guaran- 
tee,' said she to Aedh. 'I will violate thee as 
regards thy kingdom.' Accept thy own award, 
in compensation for it,' said the King. ' I will,' 
said Caelainn. ' Pass thy sentence, then,' said the 
King. ' I will,' said she. ' Because it is through 
the medium of beer thou hast attempted to de- 
stroy him [Coirbri], may the King of Connaught 
meet decline or certain death, if ever he drink 
of the beer of the Kierrigii.' Hence it happens 
that the Kierrigii never brew any beer for the 
Kings of Connaught. ' Grant land to myself,' 
said the Nun. ' Choose it,' said the King. The 
Termonmore was afterwards given, where her 
church is at this day." 

c Under this year the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, as translated by Mageoghegan, record 
that Moylemorrey O'Connor of Affalie [Offaly], 
was killed at Rosseglassie" [now Monasterevin], 
" by Cowlen O'DempsJe." 

Under this year also the Dublin copy of the 



-240 aNNata raioshachca eiraeaNR [1226. 

OO1S CR1OSO, 1226. 
Qoip CpiopD mfle Da ceo pice ape. 

Oonum Dei eppcop na TTlibe DO ecc. 

Connmach ua capppa eppoc luijne DO ecc. 

QOD mac Duinn uf poclacam aipcinneac conga, Saoi canncaipe, Sccpibnig, 
~\ ceapo nejcarhail epibe Do ecc. 

TTlaca ua maoilmoicepje Do ecc. 

dgeapnan mac carail miccapain mic UoippDealbaiji; moip RfojDarhna ba 
mo eneach, -\ eangnarh, ~| ap mo Do pmne Do nfirib puaicfnca poDaanacha 
ramie Da ciniD pe haimpip epibe, DO rhapbaD Do DonnchaD 6 DubDa -j Da 
cloinn. 

Nuala mjfn Ruampi uf concobaip baincijeapna ula6 Decc i cconga 
pecin, i a TiaDnacal 50 honopac i cceampall cananac conga. 

Domnall mac 17uai6pi uf plaicbeapcaij DO rhapbaD Do rhacaib muipcfp- 
caij uf plaicbeapcaij lap ngabail cije paip Doib pfn, i Dpe6bm mac carail 
cpoibhbeipg. 

peap jal ua caiDg an ceajlaij, coipec ceajlaij carail cpoib&eipg, i 
aob mac cacail Do rhapbaD la Donnplebe 6 ngabpa. 

QOD mac Domnaill uf puaipc DO mapbaD Do cacal 6 pajaillij i DO 
concobap mac copbmaic uf maoilpuanaiD ap loc aillmne. 

TTluipjfp mac Diapmaca Do rhapbaD. 

Annals of Innisfallen record the erection of the arts of poetry, embroidery, and penmanship, and 

castles of Dublin and Trim by the English. every other known science. 

d Donum Dei He is called " Donum Dei, f O'Mulmog fiery, O ITlaolmoceip^e. This 

Bushopp of Meath," in Mageoghegan's translation name is still common in the county of Domini, 

of the Annals of Clonmacnoise ; but in the An- but anglicised Early, because moceipjje signifies 

nals of Multifernan he is called " Deodatus dee- early rising. ITIaolmoceipje signifies chief of 

tut Midie." See Harris's edition of Ware's the early rising. The word maol, when not 

Bishops, p. 142, where it is conjectured that prefixed to the name of a saint, signifies a king 

he was never consecrated. or chief, as in the present instance, but when 

* A learned singer In the Annals of Kilro- prefixed to the name of a saint, it means one 

nan, it is stated that he made a kind of musical tonsured in honour of some saint, as we learn 

instrument for himself which had never been from Colgan : " Mail, seu ut varie scribitur 

made before, and that he was skilled in the Hibernis maol, niael, moel, idem nunc quod do- 



1226.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM <>! IliKI.AND. 241 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1226. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-six. 

Donum Dei", Bishop of Mcath, died. 

Connmagh O'Tarpy (Torpy), Bishop of Leyny, died. 

I high, the son of Donn O'Sochlaghan, Erenagh of Cong, a learned singer", 
a scribe, and a man expert in many trades, died. 

Matthew O'Mulmoghery f died. 

Tit-man, the son of Cathal Miccaruinn, who was son of Turlough More, a 
Roydamna [prince], the most hospitable man and most expert at arms, and 
whose exploits had been more various and successful than those of any of his 
tribe for a long time, was slain by Donough O'Dowda and his sons. 

Nuala, daughter of Roderic O'Conor, and Queen of Ulidia 1 , died at Conga 
Fechin [Cong], and was honourably interred in the church of the Canons at 
Cong. 

Donnell, the son of Rory O'Flahcrty, was slain by the sons of Murtough 
O'Flaherty, after they and Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, had attacknl 
and taken the house in which he was. 

Farrell O'Teige, surnamed an Teaghlaigh, Chief of the household* of Cathal 
Crovderg, and Hugh, the son of Cathal, were slain by Donslevy O'Gara. 

Hutrli, the son of Donnell O'Rourke, was slain on Lough Allen 1 by Catlml 
O'Reilly and Conor, the son of Cormac O'Mulrony. 

Maurice Mac Dcrmot was slain. 

minut vd rex, idem nunc <\\iodealt>tn, tonntt, vel of his son after him." The word loce ci^e is 

corontitui." Ada Sanctorum, p. 188, n. 4. See anglicise! Loghty, and Loglitee in tome Anglo- 

also p. 386, n. 1, of the same work. Irish documents, in which the term is used to 

* Queen <>f ( 7/.//<i She was the wife of Mac denote mcnsal lands, or lands set apart for the 
levy, who was at this period styled King maintenance of the chiefs table. Sec Harris's 
';lh ; but by this is not to be understood Ware, vol. iL p. 70. There was a celebrated 
tin- entire province of Ulster, but only that territory in Oriel, called luce eige Hlej mar- 
part of it lying eastwards of Glenree, Lough jariino, anglicised " the Loughty," a* appears 
Neagh, and the Lower Bann. from several ancient maps of Ulster. 

h Of the tu>iiff/iM, ceajluij In the Annals ' Lough Attfn, loc aillinne. A well known 

>t 'Kih -linn: ]>m loieu cije Carail CpoiB- lake in the county of Leitrim, near the source 

oeip5 7 ci riiic na 61016, L e. " Leader or chief of the Shannon, 
of the household of Cathal Crovderg, and of that 

2i 



242 aNNdta Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [1227 



Caiplen cille moipe Do leaccab la cacal 6 
Qooh mac cacail cpoibDeipj DO jalidil Qooha uf plaicbfpcaij, -] a 
rabaipc i lairh jail. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1227. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceD, pice, apeachc. 

Concobap mac Neill uf chachapnaij DO rhapbaD la hampaib laijneac po 
baoi i pochaip T?!^ Connachc. 

Gnpi ua maoileacloinn ~| muipcfpcac ua maoileacloinn DO rhapbaD la 



TTlaolpeachlainn ua concobaip pailge Do rhapbaD la cuilen ua noiornu- 
paij. 

^lollacoluim ua TTlaoilmuaiD DO rhapbab la hua TTlopDha. 

^oill Gpear.n Do comcpumniuccaD 50 hdrcliac. Qo6 mac carail cpoib- 
oeipg T?i connacc DO cocuipeab Doib. lap noul DO Da paijib po cionnpcam- 
pioD peallaD paip. Uilbam mapupccdl a peap capaopam DO rochc cuicce 
5ona pocpaioe, i 6 Da bpec DaimDeoin gall ap lap na cuipne amac, -| fi 
loblacaD Do 50 noeachaiD T cconnaccaib. 

Qo6 mac cacail cpoib&eipj DO Denarh coinne lap pin 05 laraij cafccucbil 
pe hmlliam mapep mac SeappaiD .1. lupcip epenn, -\ nf DeachaiD piorh cap 

k Demolished, DO leaccao, literally, was himselfe and his brother. Hugh O'Flaithvertay 

thrown down. In the Annals of Kilronan, the committed by Hugh mac Cathal Crovderg & 

verb used is DO Bpipeao, and in the Annals of did deliver him into the hands of the Galls." 

Ulster DO ] caileo, and in the old translation m Henry CPMelaghlin This entry is given as 

the passage is rendered : " The Castle of Kil- follows in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 

more broken down by Cahall O'Rely." nals of Clonmacnoise, but under the year 1226, 

1 The passage is given as follows in the An- " Henry O'Melaghlyn, son of the knight O'Me- 

nals of Ulster : A. D. 1226. Peiolim hua Con- laughlyn, was killed by the Englishmen of Ardi- 

coKaip Do jaBail caiji ap Domnall hua plair- nuroher. Murtagh mac Melaghlyn Begg was also 

bepcaic gup mapB 7 5up loipc i pem 7 a killed by the English." 

bparaip. Qeo hua plarbepcaic oo jabuil la n Assembled at Dublin. In the Annals of Kil- 

hQe6 mac cacail .cpoiboeipj 7 a cobaipc ronan this passage is entered under the year 

illdim njall. And thus rendered in the old year 1226. It begins thus: Cuipc DO oenarii 

translation : " Felun O'Conor, taking a house oo jjallaib aca cliar 7 6penn a nQc cliac, 7 

uppon Donell O'Flaithvertay, killed and burned aoo mac Cacail CpoiBoeipj DO jaipm puippe, 



1-T27.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF 1KKI..VND. 243 

The Castle of Kimlore was demolished* by Cathal O'Reilly. 
Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, took Hugh O'Flaherty prisoner, and 
him up into the hands of the English 1 . 



'HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1227. 
Tfte Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-seven. 

Conor, the son of Niall O'Caharny [Fox], was slain by the Leinster soldiers, 
who were along with the King of Connaught 

Henry 0'Melaghlin m and Murtough O'Melaghlin were slain by the English. 

Mcla^hlin O'Conor Faly was slain by Cuilen O'Dempsy. 

Gilla-Colum O'Molloy was slain by O'More. 

The English of Ireland assembled at Dublin" and invited thither Hugh, the 
son of Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught. As soon as he arrived they 
began to deal treacherously by him ; but William Mareschal, his friend, coming 
in with his forces, rescued him, in despite of the English, from the middle of 
the Court, and escorted him to Connaught. 

Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, appointed a conference at Lathacli 
Caichtubil with "William Mares (de Marisco), the son of Geoffry Lord Justict- 

i.e. A Court [Council] was formed by the English England, did assist II ugh, and by the help of 
of Dublin and of Ireland, at Dublin, and they his sword and strength of his hand he conveighed 
summoned Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg to Hugh away from them, mid so departed to Con- 
it" naught in safety. Within a week after the Eug- 
The account of this transaction is more fully lishinen kept court in Athlone, wbereunto the 
given in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- Connoughtmeu came, and tooke captive William 
mils of Clonmacnoise, as follows : " A. D. 1226. March, the Deputie's son, and tooke other prin- 
Hugh O'Connor, King of Connaught, went cipal men belonging to him, and also killed a 
I- tin- English Court of Dublin; by the com- good knight at his taking." 
pulsarie means of the English they tooke his LatliafltCatchtul>iL This LatAacA, or slough, 
sonn and daughter as hostages, with the hos- is now dried up, but the old men living near 
tages of all the principal! men in Connought; Athlone still point out its situation and exact 
upon examining of some criminal! causes there extent. The name is still preserved in that of 
ted to the said Hugh, he was found guilty a village and townland lying immediately to the 
in their censure, and being to be apprehended west of Athlone, in the parish of St. Peter, viz. 
tor the same, u pcciall friend of his then within, Jfeal-LathaicA, i. e. the o, mouth, or entrance, 
and of great favour and power with the King of into the latkach. The name of this village is 

2 I -> 



244 aNNaca Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1227. 

lacaig anonn accrhab uachab Deagbaome, .1. copbmac mac comalcaig, 
Oiapmaio mac magnupa, magnup mac muipcfpcaig uf concobaip, cabg mac 
macgarhna uf cepin, i TCuaibpi ua maoilbpenamn. Uilliam mapep oo ceacc 
occap mapcac ina com6ail. O DO cuirhnig 6 concobaip an peall pempaire 
epgip i ccoinne na ngall, gpepip a mumcip poca lonnpaigib pen uilliain 
mapep gup gabapcaip e po ceDoip. Cioo iaD a mumcip ann po ppeaccaip- 
pioo gpeapacc uf Concobaip po IficcpioD pona gallaib iaD gup moibpioo 
oppa, mapbaicc Conpcapla aca luain, gabam maijipoip Slerhne -\ hujjo 
aipooin. Cuipip aob na goill pin i mbpaij;ofnup cap lacaij puap. Luib 
poime gon a pocpaioe ap a haicle gup aipgfpoaip mapgab aca luain, -| gup 
loipcceapcaip an baile 50 hiomlan. 6d gmorh pocaip oo connaccaib an 
gmorh po, 6ip puaippiom a mac, a ingean, -| bpaijoe connacc ap ceana bac- 
cap ap lamaibh gall Do corhpuapglab ap na bpaigDib pempaice genmoca Sic 
Dpagail Dpeapaib connacc. 

Oonnplebe ogaopa cigeapna plebe luga Do mapbaD Don giolla puab mac 
a Deapbpacap pen mp ngabdil cige in oibce paip, ~| an giolla puab Do map- 
bab inn lap pin cpe imoeall aoba ui concobaip. 

Clob mac Ruaibpi uf concobaip, ~\ mac uilliam bupc Do coibecc plog Ian- 
mop i ccuaipceapc Connacc gup loipcpioc imp mfooin gup aipccpioD an 
cpfoc i ccangaoap, -] gup gabpac a bpaigoe. 

Sluaigeab la peappaib mapep i la coippbealbac mac Ruaibpl uf conco- 

now correctly enough Anglicised Bellaugh, and Costello included in the diocese of Achonry. 

sometimes, but incorrectly, Bellough, and even The remaining parishes in this barony are in 

Bullock. The Irish, however, call it dis- the diocese of Tuam, and constitute the territory 

tinctly b6al lacai, and understand it as refer- of Kerry of Lough-na-narney. See note under 

ring to the laruc which lay between it and the year 1224. 

Athlone See map prefixed to the Tribes and q By the devise, Tpe imoeall In the Annals 

Cuttotns oflly-Many, printed for the Irish Ar- of Ulster the phrase is written cpe imoelt. Th.- 
chaeological Society in 1843, on which this name whole entry is thus rendered in the old trans- 
is given, lution: "A. D. 1226. Dunleve O'Grada wu, 
p Sliabh Lugka, i. e. Looee's mountain. This killed by [the son of] his own brother, and he 
territory still retains its name, and comprises was killed therefor himselfe soone by the devise 
the northern half of the barony of Costello, in of Hugh O'Connor." 

the county of Mayo, viz., the parishes ofKil- r The ton of William Burke, i. e Rickard 

beagh, Kilmovee, Kilcohnan, and Castlemore- More, the son of William Fitz-Adelm. 

-.llo, being the portion of the barony of ' Geoffrey Mares In Mageoghegan's trans- 



I 27.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINCDo.M OK IRKLAND. -_>i:, 

f Ireland. A few only of his chiefs went with him across the Lnthach [slough], 
namely, Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh [Mac Dennot], Dennot, the son of 
Maims tlii' son ,.f Murtough O'Conor, Teige, the son of Million O'Kerrin, 
and Rory O'Mulrenin. William Mares set out to meet them, accompanied by 
eight horsemen. But when O'Conor recollected the treachery already men- 
tioned, he rose up against the English and excited his people to attack them ; 
and In- himself attacked William Mares, and at once took him prisoner. His 
|K.'<>I. mded to O'Conor's incitement, rushed upon the English, and 

defeated them; they killed the constable of Athlone, and took Master Slevin 
and Hugo Arddin prisoners. Hugh sent these Englishmen across the Lathach 
to be imprisoned; and then, advancing with his troops, he plundered the 
market of Athlone and burned the whole town. This achievement was of 
great service to the Connacians, for he [O'Conor] obtained his son and daughter, 
and all the other hostages of Connaught, who had been in the hands of the 
English, in exchange for the aforesaid prisoners ; and obtained moreover a 
peace for the men of Connaught. 

Donslevy O'Gara, Lord of Sliabh Lugha", was slain by Gillaroe, his own 
brother's son, after the latter had, on the same night, forcibly taken a house 
from him ; and Gillaroe himself was afterwards put to death for this crime by 
the devise* of Hugh O'Conor. 

Hugh, son of Roderic O'Conor, and the son of William Burke', marched 
with a great army into the North of Connaught, and they burned Inishmaine, 
plundered the country into which they came, and took hostages. 

An army was led by Geoffrey Mares' [de Marisco] and Turlough, the son 

lution of tin- Annuls of (.'louiiiacnoise these trans- Connought, returned from Tyrconnell, into 

Actions are given somewhat more copiously, as which he was banished by Geffrey March, 

follows : brought with him his wife, son, and his brother 

\. D. rj'J'i. (irtrri'y March, Deputie of Ire- Felym O'Connor, and came to a place in Con - 

him), with a great army, went to Connought to noght called Gortyn Cowle Lwachra, out of 

!1 Hugh O'Connor from out of that pro- which place Mac Meran, his porter, fled from 

vciir.-. which In did accordingly, und established him, and betraid him to the son* of Terlagh 

of Bowrie O'Connor, named Tur- O'Connor, who came privilie to th said Gortyn, 

Ugh ami Hugh, in the possession and superiority without knowledge of the said Hugh. O'Connor, 

thereof. knowing them to be then about the house, tooke 

i iV.mnor, that was before King of one of his sons, his broth'-r Kfdym tooke the 



246 ciNNata Rioshachca emeaNN. [1228. 

baip i maj aof 50 nDeapnpac caiplen ipRmn oum, i gup jjabpac bpaijjoi pil 
muipfohaij. 

Gob mac cacail cpoibDeipg DO 6ul i ccip conaill Docum uf bomnaill, i a 
lompob bu beap DopiDipi, -\ a bfn Do rabaipc lep. TTleic roippbealbaij Do 
ceccbdil cuicce a ccompoccup na pfjpa, a bfn "| a eacpaib Do ben DC, -] 
an bfn DO cop illairh gall. 

Sluaicceab oile let coippbealbac beop, ~\ la gallaib mibe in lapcap connacc 
co noeapnpac cpeac mop ap aob mac Ruaibpi ui plaicbfpcaij. Q noul 
aipibe i ccpich ceapa, i bpaijDe mac muipceapcaij Do gabdil ooib, -| nuiriup 
DO buaib peolmaij ap cec cpioca ceD Do coippbealbac uaca. 

Cumapa o Dorhnallain Do mapbab i ngemil la RuaiDpi mac Dumnplebe 
a nDiojail a acap. 

bpian mac concobaip ui oiapmaca DO mapbab. 

Caiplen aca lacc Do benarh la Seppaib mapep. 

QOIS CR1OSO, 1228. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceD, pice a hocc. 

dob mac carail cpoiboeipj uf concobaip pi connacc Do mapbab hi 
ccuipc Sepppaib mapep cpe meabail ap aplac gall lap na bfocup Do con- 
naccaib. 

other son, and so departed safely, save only that this year, he calls this castle " Eindowne," and 

the Lady Eanelt, Hugh his wife, and daughter adds, " now called Teagh Eoyn, or John his 

of O'Fferall, was taken. Melaughlyn mac Hugh House, neer Loghree." See a curious account 

mac Bryen O'Connor was killed, arid the said of this castle, written by Mr. Petrie, in the 10th 

Ranelt delivered to the Englishmen. Number of the Irish Penny Magazine, Septcm- 

" The Englishmen immediately founded a ber 5th, 1840, pp. 73-75. 

castle in Eindowne, now called Teagh Eoyn, or w The sons of Murtough. In the Annals of 

John his house, neer Loghree." Kilronan they are called clann muipceapcaijj 

1 Moynai, ma naoi. Now Maghery-Con- muiriimj, i. e. the sons of Murtough Muimhneach 

naught, lying between Strokestown and Castle- O'Conor, who was one of the sons of Turlough 

reagh, and Eoscommon and Elphin. More O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland. 

u Rindown, Rinn oum A peninsula on x Athleague, now Bally league, the western, or 

Lough Eee, in the county of Eoscommon See Connaught part of the village of Lanesborough, 

note under the year 1199. In Mageoghegan's on the Shannon. It is in the parish of Cloon- 

translation of the Annals of Cloniniicnoisu, at tuskert, and the barony of south Ballintober 



1-2-28.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 247 

of Roderic O'Conor, into Moynai 1 , erected a castle at Rindown", and took tin- 
hostages of the Sil-Murray. 

Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg, went to Tirconnell to O'Donnell. and 

returned again southwards, taking his wife with him ; but he was met by tin- 

of Turlough very near Seaghais [Curlew Mountains], who took his wife 

and his horses from him, and his wife was given up into the hands of the 

English. 

Another army was led by Turlough, and the English of Meath, into tin- 
West of Connaught, and they committed a great depredation on Hugh, the son 
of Rory O'Flaherty. They proceeded thence into the country of Carra ; they 
took hostages from the sons of Murtough", and Turlough obtained from them 
a number of fat beeves out of every cantred in their possession. 

Cumara O'Donnellan was slain, while in fetters, by Rory Mac Donslevy, 
in revenge of his father. 

Brian, the son of Conor O'Diarmada, was slain. 

The castle of Athleague* was erected by Geoffrey Mares [De Mariaco]. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1228. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-e'ujht. 

Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, King of Connaught, was trea- 
<-h< rously killed by the English in the court [mansion] of Geoffrey Mures, at 
the instigation of the English, after he had been expelled by the Connacians'. 

See Ordnance Map of the county of Roscommon, Mageoghc>gan'8 translation of the Annals of Clon- 

shoet 37. According to the Annals of Clonmac- macnoise us follows: 

noise, as translated by Connell Mageogeghan, this "A. D. 1227. Hugh O'Connor came to an 

castle was erected by William Delacie and the atonement with Geffrey March, and was again 

English ..f M.'Mtli. Under this year the same restored to his kingdome of Connoght by th.- 

annals record the erection of the castle of Rahen said Deputie, and being afterwards in the De- 

n'^waim- (now Rahen, near Tullamore, in the putie's house was treacherously killed by an 

Kind's County), by Symon Clifford, who gave Englishman, for which cause the Depntie the 

an annuity of four hundred [?] to the Prior and next day hanged the Englishman that killed 

r.imvnt of Dorrowe. him for that fowlc fact. The cause of killing 

' Connarian* The account of the murder of the King of Connaught was, that after the Wit". 

li O'Conor is more satisfactorily given in of that Englishman that was so hanged by th- 



248 aNNata Rioshachca emeciNN. [1228. 

Coccub mop Do eijije In cconnaccaib ecip Da mac Ruaibpi in concobaip, 
.1. ecip aob ~| coippbealbac, lap mapbab an ao6a pempaice, ap nf cucc an 
mac bd po umla Don mac ba pine jup millpeac Connacca eacoppa i po 
pdpai^eab leo 6 eappoapa co habamn ua ppiacpac po bfp ace ma& beacc hi 
Sleib luccha, ~\ luce aipcij nama. 

Niall mac congalaij uf Ruaipc eijeapna oapepaicce, -| cloinne pfpmaije 
DO mapbab la Da mac aipe mic Domnaill uf T?uaipc, .1. ape -| arhlaoib. 
Grhlaib jfpp mac neill mic conjalaij Do mapbab hi pocpaccab la hamlaib 
mac aipc ceDna. 

pfpjal mac picpiucca uf puaipc DO mapbab la macaib nell mic conja- 
laij uf Ruaipc. 

TTluipcfpcac mac plaicbeapcaicch uf plannaccdin Do mapbab la macaib 
caibg uf gabpa. 

Qob mac oonnchaib uf peapjail Do mapbab Id haob mac arhlaoib uf 
peapjail. 

OauiD ua plomn caoipeac pil maoilpuain, -| ftuaibpi ua maoflbpenairm 
Decc. 

T?iocapD mac uilliam bupc Do cecc 6 T?ij Saccpan ma lupcfp in epinn. 

Qob mac Ruaibpi uf concobaip Do jabail pije Connacc DO pfip coccha 
an lupcfpgomairib connacc ap belaib coippbealbaij a bpdcap pa pine map. 

Deputie, had so washed his head and body with toms of Hy-Fiachrach, on which the relative po- 
sweet balls and other things, he, to gratifie her sition of these territories is shewn, 
for her service, kissed her, which the English- * Dartry is generally called Dartry-Mac 
man seeing, for meer jealousie, and for none Clancy, as being the territory of Mac Clancy, 
other cause, killed O'Connor presently at un- It looks wild and romantic at the present day, 
awares." Dr. Leland had this passage furnished and was anciently formidable in its mountains 
him by Charles O'Conor, of Belanagare, and has and fastnesses. It comprises the entire of the 
given its substance in a note in his History of present barony of Rossclogher, in the north of 
Ireland, vol. i. p. 208, b. 2, c. 1. the county of Leitrim, for which it is at present 
z Airteach is a territory in the present the most usual popular appellation. In this 
county of Roscommon, comprising the parish of territory were situated the castles of Rossclogher 
Tibohine, lately in the west of the barony of (from which the barony took its name), Dun- 
Boyle, but at present in the barony of French- Carbry, and the Crannog of Inishkeen, an island 
park. It adjoins Sliabh Lugha, which is the in Lough Melvin, as well as all the islands of 
northern part of the barony of Costello, in the that beautiful lake, with the monasteries of 
county of Mayo See map to Tribes and Cits- Doire Melle, Carcair Sinchill, Bealach Mith- 



1228.] ANNALS OF TIIK KIMiDoM OF IRELAND. 

A great war lnokc out in Connaught between the two sons of Rodfri< 
O'Conor, Hugh and Turlough, after the death of the Hugh above-mentioned, 
for the younger son did not yield submission to the elder ; and they destroyed 
Connaught between them, and desolated the region ejctend'mg from Easdam 
[Ikllysadare], southwards, to the river of Ily-Fiachrach, excepting only a 
small portion of Sliabh Lugha, and the territory of the people of Airtech*. 

Niall, the son of Congalagh O'Rourke, Lord of Dartry* and Clann Fear- 
maighe, was slain by the two sons of Art, the son of Donnell O'Rourke, 
namely, Art and AulifFe; and Aulifle Gearr, the son of Niall, who was son of 
Congalagh, was slam, while bathing, by Auliffe, the son of the same Art 

Farrell, the son of Sitric O'Rourke, was slain by the sons of Niall, the son 
of Congalagh O'Rourke. 

Murtough, the son of Flaherty O'Flanagan, was slain by the sons of Teige 
O'Gara. 

Hugh, the son of Donough O'Farrell, was slain by Hugh, the son of Auliffr 
O'FarrelL 

David O'Flynn, Chief of Sil Maelruain, and Rory O'Mulrenin, died. 

Richard, the son of William Burke, came to Ireland, from the King of 
England, as Justiciary". 

Hugh, the son of Roderic O'Conor, assumed the kingdom of Connaught, 
by the election of the Justiciary and the chiefs of Connaught, in preference to 
Turlough, his elder brother*. 



( now Ballaghmeehin), and Rossinver. The the Plunderer, who deduced his lineage from I th, 

ancestors of the family of Mac Clancy, with the uncle of that Milesius. See O'Flaherty's 

their neighbours the Calry Laithim, or Calry of Ogyyia, part iii. c. 67. There was another family 

Lough Gile, in the barony of Carbury, in the of this name in the county of Clare, but of a to- 

county of Sligo, who settled in this part of Con- tally different lineage, being dewvndcd from the 

naught at a very remote period, have sprung from same stock as the Mac Namaras. both now An- 

a stock totally different from the Hy-Bruin- glicise their name Clancy. 
Bivit'ne and Coninaicne, who occupied the re- b Judiciary. ThU pansage is given in the 

inaining part of the county of Leitrim; but we Annals of Kilronan under the year 1237. Ac- 

have no accurate record of how they were ena- cording to the list of the Chief Governors of 

bled to settle here. The Mac Clancys, and their Ireland, given in Harris's Ware, voL ii p. 103, 

correlatives, in this m'iirhUiur'liiHHl, are notof the Richard de Burgo was appointed Lord Deputy 

race of Milesius of Spain, being, if we can depend of Ireland on the 10th of March, 1 1 
>.>n the Bardic pedigrees, descended from Daire, EUtr brother. The son* of Roderic O'Co- 

2K 



250 cmNata Rio^hacbua eiReanN. [122*). 

TTlaolpeaclainn mac coippDealbaij mic Ruampi uf concobaip DO mapbab 
la haooh pi Connacc. 

^opca Diopulaincc i cconnaccaib cpi coccao cloinne I?nai6pi. l?o haipc- 
cicc cealla -| cuara. T?o Diocuipic a clepij -\ a hollamain hi ccpfochaib 
cianaib comai jcib, i arbac ci6 apaill oib opuacc ~\ DO jopca. 

DauiD ua plomD caoipeach pil TTlhaeilpiiain Do 65. 

Ge6 mac Donnchaib uf pfpjail DO mapbaD la haeb mac arhlaoib uf pfp- 
jhail. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1229. 
Qoip Cpiopr, mile, Da ceD, pice anaof. 

TTlameipcip 8. ppanpeip hi ccopcaij DO cojjbail la mag capraij mop. 
Diapmaicc. 

TTluipfDac ua gapmjaile ppioip innpi mic nepin paoi connachr hi ccpa- 
ba6 i in eccna [Decc]. 

Oiapmaic ua piaic abb pecclepa gillamolaipi uf 5'^ a p air i ruaim Decc, 
1 a a&nacal in apDcapna. 

nor, King of Ireland, are set down in the follow- sumed by Eickard, the son of William Burke, 

ing order, in the Book of Lecan: Aedh, Tadhg, 5 Iu r c 'r e ^ c na h-6penn D0 jabail bo mac 

Concobhar Maenmaighe, Muireadhach, Toirdhel- uilliam bupc .1. picapo. Thus rendered in the 

bhach, Murchadh, Diarmaid." Fol. 73. But old translation : " The Justiceship of Ireland 

it is highly probable that they are set down in taken by Mac William Bourk." 

the order of their celebrity, rather than in that A. D. 1228. Under this year the Annals of 

of their births. Kilronan contain the following passages, which 

d Melaghlin, TTIaolpeciclciinn. He was the have been altogether omitted by the Four Mas- 
son of Toirdhealbach, who was the fifth son of ters : 
Roderic O'Conor, Monarch of Ireland. "A. D. 1228. Rinn duin was plundered by 

Famine Thus rendered in the old trans- Felim O'Conor and Conor Boy, the son of Tur- 

lation of the Annals of Ulster : lough, and Teige, the son of Cormac, were killed, 

"A. D. 1228. Hugh mac Roary tooke the and the justiciary came to Tearmann Caoluinne, 

kingdome of Connaght and prayed [preyed] and the town was burned, as was also the 

Church and Laity of Connaght, and their Clerks church of Imleach Urchadha. 

& Learned men were banished into strange coun- " Felim gained the victory of Cluanacha over 

trys." the sons of Roderic, and over Conor, the son of 

f Under this year, 1228, the Annals of Ulster Cormao." 

state that the justiciaryship of Ireland was as- g CfGormaUy, OJJopmjaile. In the Annals 



1*2!).] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 251 

Melaghlin", the son of Turlough, who was the son of Roderic O'Conor, was 
slain by Hugh, King of Connaught. 

An intolerable doarth prevailed in Connaught, in consequence of the war 
of the sons of Roderic. They plundered churches and territories; they 
banished its clergy and ollaves into foreign and remote countries, and others of 
them perished of cold and famine'. 

David OTlynn, Chief of Sil-Maelruain, died. 

Hugh, son of Donough O'Farrell, was slain by Hugh, son of Auliffe 
< Parrel!'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1229. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred twenty-nine. 

The monastery of St. Francis, at Cork, was founded by Mac Carthy More 
( Dermot). 

Murray O'Gorraally*, Prior of Inis-macnerin 11 , and the most renowned in 
Connaught for piety and wisdom, died. 

Dermot O'Fiach, Abbot of the church of Gilla-Molaisse O'Gillarain, of 
Tuaim, died, and was interred at Ardcarne 

( Kilronan he is called O Jopmpuilij ppioip localities. See note* under the years 1209 and 

pej;Up|X3 mnpi mac neipin." 1222. That the correct name of this place u 

h Init-macneriri, Imp mac n6pm, now gene- Imp mac nGipnJn appears from the Irish Ca- 

rally called Church Island. It is situated in lendar of the O'Clerys; and, that it received this 

Lough Key, near Boyle, in the county of Ros- name from St. Barrfionn Mac Ernin, and hi* 

common. Archdall thought that this was the brothers, who were the patrons of the place, 

same as Eas-mac-m-irc ; but it appears, from the and renerated there on the 22nd of September, 
meaning of the word, and from these Annals, that ^ ^^^ j^ Ernin . 

ih,.y were two distinct places. The fa^[,n, r ] ^ ^ Q{ ^^ rf j^^ 

of the sons of Erin could not be the same as the a-Einun in Lough Key, in Connaught" 

nihiraci [eop] of the son of Ere. The Cistercian 

Abbey of Boyle was that called by the Irish mai- The family of O'Gormaly are still numerous in 

niprip ora Da laapc. Gar- mic neipc is the pre- this neighbourhood ; but they are to be distin- 

snt Assylyn ; and Imp mac n-eipin, or more pro- guished from the ul 5 a 'P rr >l* a a | e t , or (yGorni- 

pcrly imp mac ngipnin, is the present Church- lys of Tyrone, who are of a different lineage. 

Island in Loupli Key. Ware, Colgan, Archdall, This island, which now goes by the name of 

and Weld, have confounded these names, be- Church Island, contains the ruins of a small 

cause they had no accurate knowledge of the church of great antiquity. 

Ill 



i:>-> dNNata Rio^hachca eiraeaNN. [1230. 

Oiapmaic mac jiollacappntj, aipcmneac cijje baoinn, ~\ uapal pacapc 
oecc. Q ablacab i mamipcip na cpinome lap net buain amac 6 ceapc Do na 
canancaib, Do rhancaib maimpcpe na buille, -| bof pibe cpf hoibce jan aola- 
cab ap baDap na manaij agd popoab ina mamipcip peipin. 

^ipapD ua cacdin cananac Dob eccnaibe po baoi Don opD cananac Decc. 

OuiBeaya ingean I?uai6pi bean cacail mic Diapmaca Do ecc ma caillij 
Duib. 

OiapmaiD maj capcaij ci^eapna Dfpmurhan Decc. 

Dionip ua mop&a eppcopShflTTIuipeDhaij Do cpecceb a eppuccoiDe ap 6ia. 

Loclainn ua manncdin DO riiapbab Id Deapbpacaip a acap. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1230. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceD, cpioca. 

plopenc ua cfpballdm eppcop cfpe heojain, uapal pfnoip coccame Decc 
lap pe bliaDnoib ochcmosar a aoipi. 

^lollaiopa ua cleipij eppcop Cuijne, lopep mac ceceDain eppcop con- 
maicne, TTlac Raic TTlag Seppaij eppcop conmaicne, l?ool pecic eppcop na 
mi6e Riagloip coccaibe, -\ milib Cpiopc, 5 10 ^ a coimoeab ua Duilenndin 
comapba peicin, -| ab peicclepa cananac eappaoapa, TTluipfDac ua gopm- 
jgaile ppioip innpi mic nepin, TTlaolmuipe ua maoleoin comapba ciapdin 
cluana mic noip, jpollacapraij ua heilgiupdin cananac -| angcoipe, oonn- 
plebe ua hionmamen manac naomca -\ apomaijipcip paoip mamipcpe na 
buille Decc. 

' Died. His death is entered in the Annals holy a man interred in their sanctuary, 

of Ulster, but they make no mention of the ' Duvesa. In the Annals of Kilronau she is 

contention about his body. The entry is thus called the daughter of Roderic 0' Conor : t)ui- 

given in the old translation: "A, D. 1229. beappa mjen Ruaiopi hi ConcuBaip, bean 

Dei-mot Mac Gillcarrick, Erhenagh of Tybohin, cacuil meic thapmuoa DO eg inn caillij ouiB. 

and gentle priest, and best man for Almes & m Dionysius CPMore. In the Annals of Clon- 

liberality in those parts of Connaught, in Christo macnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, he is 

guieuit." called, " Denis O'More, Bushopp of Oilfynn." 

k Had attempted to retain it, baoap na ma- He resigned the duties of his bishopric to apply 

nai j 05 a popoao, literally, " the monks were himself more sedulously to devotion, 

keeping it in their own monastery ;" that is, n Rool Petit. He is called Ralph Petit in 

they wished to have the honour of having so Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 142. In 



1230.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. J M 

Di-rmot Mac Gillacany, Erenagh of Tibohine, and a noble priest, died'. 
II was buried in the monastery of the Holy Trinity, his body having been 
by right obtained by the canons, from the monks of the monastery of Boyle, 
after it had mna'mrd three nights unburied, because the monks had attempted 
to retain it" in their own monastery. 

Gerard O'Kane, the wisest of the order of canons, died. 

Duvesa 1 , daughter of Rodcric [O'Conor], and wife of Cathal Mac Dermot, 
died a nun. 

Dermot Mac Carthy, Lord of Desmond, died. 

Dionysius O'More" 1 , Bishop of Sil-Murray [Elphin], resigned his bishopric 
i'"r the s;iki- of God. 

Loughlin O'Monahan was killed by his father's brother. 

TIIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1230. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty. 

Florence O'Carolan, Bishop of Tyrone, a noble and select senior, died in 
the eighty-sixth year of his age. 

Gilla-Isa O'Clery, Bishop ofLeyny [Achonry] ; Joseph Mac Techedan, 
Bishop of Conmaicne [Ardagh] ; Magrath Mac Sherry, Bishop of Conmaicne ; 
Rool Petit" (Rodolphus Petit), Bishop of Meath, a select ruler and soldier 
of Christ ; Gilla-Coimdeadh O'Duileannain, Coarb of St. Feichin, and Abbot 
'!' the church of the Canons at Easdara [Ballysadare] ; Murray O'Gormally, 
Prior of Inis-mac-nerin ; Mulmurry O'Malone, Coarb of St. Kieran, of Clon- 
niacnoise ; Gilla-Carthy O'Helgiusain, a canon and anchorite ; and Donslevy 
< > Hinmainen", a holy monk and the chief master of the carpenters of the 
monastery of Boyle, died. 

i In- Annals of Kilronan his death is thus en- Abbey." 

tered under the year 122'J: "Rool peiclc epj\ In the Dublin copy of the Annals of 1 

n i mibe, uir religion* et caritatitsiniHt, et Dei his death is entered thus: A. D. 1230. Oonn- 

famulus in Chritto qttieuit." pleibe hua inmuinen naem 7 maijprrep [>aep 

This passage is thus correctly translated in quieuic in Chpipco; and thus rendered in the 

Archdall's Monasticon : "Died Donn Sleibhe old translation: " A. D. 1230. DunleTe O'ln- 

O'Hionmaine, a reverend and holy monk, and nianen, a sacred monk and free master, died." 

now principal master of the carpenters of this In the Annals of Kilronan, he is styled TTVinat 



254 



[1230. 



TTlaolpeclainn mac pipeDinD uapal paccapc -] mai^ipcip leijinn oecc ma 
nompc manaij i mamipcip na buille. 

SloicceaD la hua nDorhnaill (Domnall mop) hi ccuicceab Connacc mt> 
05)1016 Qo6a mic Ruaibpf f Choncobaip baoi hi pppicbfpc ppip co po mill 
maj naof, ] mopan Don cfp, ace apa aof nf po jiallpac clann Ruaibpi Don 
Dnl pin. 

Sloiccheab la mac uilliam bupc i cconnaccaib jup milleao mopan Do 
Connaccaib laip, -| po mapbab Donn 65 maj oipeccaij, ~\ eiccijeapn mac an 



naorh 7 apomaijipip paop maimpopec na 
buille. " Monachus sanctus, et archimagister 
fabrorum Monasterii Buellensis." The word 
poop means cheap, free, noble, as an adjective, 
and an artificer, as a noun. It is very probable 
that it is a noun in this sentence, and in the 
genitive case plural, governed by 



But if we take poop to be an adjective, and pre- 
fix it to mamipopec, thus : ap&rhai^iptip paop- 
rhamipopec na 6uille, then it will mean "chief 
master of the free (or noble) monastery of Boyle ; 
and if we make it an adjective belonging to 
apomaijipcip, the translation will be "noble 
or free head master (or teacher) of the monas- 
tery of Boyle." 

P A. D. 1230. The Annals of Kilronan give a 
much longer account of the death of Donn Oge 
Mageraghty, and of the contentions between the 
son of William Burke and the Connacians, but 
under the year 1229. It is as follows : 

"A. D. 1229. Hugh, the son of Roderic, and 
the Connacians in general, turned against the 
son of William Burke and the English, through 
the solicitations of Donn Oge, son of Donncahy 
Mageraghty, and of Cormac, the son of Tomal- 
tagh Mac Dermot of the Rock, and his retainers, 
for they had pledged their word that they would 
not belong to any king who would bring them 
into the house of the English. Hugh, the son 
of Roderic, and the people of West Connaught, 
plundered the young son of William and Adam 



Duff; and Donn Oge and the sons of Manus 
[O'Conor], and the young soldiers of the Sil- 
Murray, plundered Mac Costello and Hy-Msny. 
The son of William, however, mustered the 
greater part of the English of Ireland, and many 
of the Irish, and marched into Connaught, ac- 
companied by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, 
to give him the kingdom of Connaught, and to 
expel Hugh, the son of Roderic, and every Con- 
nacian who had joined him and opposed himself 
[the son of William]. They first advanced to the 
castle of Bun-Galvy" [L e. the castle at the 
mouth of the River Gaillinih, which flows through 
the town of Galway], " to attack Hugh O'Fla- 
herty. Then Hugh, the son of Roderic, went to 
the relief of Hugh O'Flaherty, and was joined 
by the Connacians under the conduct of the 
sons of Murtough [Muimlmeach] O'Conor; and 
the Connacians were on the west side of the 
River Gnlliv, and the English on the east side, 
and great conflicts were daily carried on between 
them. The English, having remained here for 
some time, without having obtained either peace, 
hostages, or pledges from the Connacians, con- 
sulted together, and resolved upon going in 
pursuit of the cows and the people who had fled 
into the mountains and fastnesses of the country 
and upon the islands, and they went that night 
from the castle of Bungalvy to Droichead Ing- 
hine Goillin [i. e. the bridge of the daughter of 
Goillin] where the morning rose upon them. 



1230] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



966 



M.-laghlin Muc Firedinn, u noble priest and a professor of literature, died 
in his monastic noviciate in the monastery of Boyle. 

An army was led by O'Donnell (Donnell More) into Connaught, against 
Hugh, the son of Roderic O'Conor, who was opposed to him, and destroyed 
Mvnai and a great part of the country [province]. The sons of Roderic. 
however, diil not give him hostages on this occasion. 

An army was led by the son of William Burke into Connaught, and deso- 
lated a large portion of that country, and Donn Oge Mageraghty p and Egh- 



the son of William inquired, 'Is there a 
pass between us and the lake, by which a party 
of the Connacians could come down ?' The 
Guides answered and said, ' There is.' He then 
arrayed a party of horse to proceed to Cong and 
Kilnmin.- (or Inishmaine). At this time it 
happened that great numbers of the Connacians 
were coming early in the morning from Cong, 
having unwisely and unwarily passed the night 
before in parties of two and three, and a few of 
the better sort among them were slain under the 
conduct of the officers of Murtough, the Bon of 
Maims O'Conor, namely, Dermot O'llenaghan, 
Loughlin Mac Classan, and Teige Mac Gilchreest 
1 ''Mulrenin. With respect to the English, they 
proceeded after this fortunate occurrence to 
Mayo of the Saxons, and on the day following 
they went to Toberpatrick [the Abbey of Bal- 
lintobcr], where the canons and victuallers of 
the town came to the son of William and begged 
if him, for the love of God, not to stay with 
them that night This request of their's wag 
complied with, and the English moved onwards 
to Muine Maicin ; and they would not have 
marched from Mayo so far, were it not that 
they had not obtained hostages or pledges from 
iiis, the son of Murtough Muimhneach. On 
the next day they proceeded to Achadh Fabhuir 
[Aghagower], and encamped in the town, on 
the east side of the church, that is, at Marge- 
nana, on the margin of Lough Crichan. Hither 



Manns, the son of Murtough, came into their 
house, and gave them hostages. On the day 
following the English returned to Muine Maicin, 
and remained there for a night, and on the next 
day they went to Magh Sine, and thence they 
passed through Leyny, and Ceis Corann ; thence 
they set out for Coirshliabh [the Curlieu moun- 
tains], where though the guides missed the 
common pass, they crossed the whole mountain 
without meeting any accident. With respect to 
Hugh, the son of Roderic, and Cormac, the son of 
Tomaltaghof the Rock, who was the son of Conor 
Mac Dermot, and Donn Oge Mageraghty, and the 
Sil- Murray, they were at this time in a wood, 
and the resolution they proposed was this, as 
they had sent their cows and people into the 
fastnesses of Muintir-Eolais, and of Sliabh an 
larainn, not to come in collision with the Eng- 
lish on this occasion ; but Donn Oge said that 
he would not agree to this resolution ; but that 
he would proceed to the west side of the Eng- 
lish ; and he set out forthwith for Fincarn, 
accompanied by his own brother, the youth* of 
Sil-Murray, his English allies, the ton of Don- 
nell Bregach O'Melaghlin with his English, and 
Brian, the son of Turlough O'Conor. On his 
arrival at Fincarn, Donn sent forth to battle a 
body of his troops, who fought well with the 
English, while he himself remained on the top 
of the earn, earnestly looking on at the conflict. 
Then the English sent a counties* number of 



256 



[1230. 



bpfirfmam f mionacam -| pochaibe oile nac aipimrfp, i po hionnapbabh (qua 
anppoplann) Qo6 mac Ruaibpi Rf Connacr la mac uilliam, -| la ^allaib 
Don cup pin 50 haob ua neill cpe lompub 66 ap jallaib, i po pfojab peiblim 
mac carail cpoibofipcc la mac uilliam. 

Qo6 6 neill cijeapna cipe heojain pfo^oamna Gpeann uile, copnarhcac 
lere cuinn pe jallaib Gpeann, i pe lee moja nuabac. pfp na cucc geill, 
eicfpfba, na cfop Do jail na DO jaomeal, pfp Do paD mnbmanna, -\ apa mopa 
mence pop jallaib. Gipcceoip j;all i jaoibeal. pfp po cpiall lonnpoijiD 
Gpeann uile becc gen gup paofleab bap naile bpajbail Do ace a cuicim la 
Tjallaib. 

Qpc mac aipc uf puaipc Do mapbab la pajnall ua ppmD i meabail. 

TTlaolpeaclamn ua mannacdm DO rhapbab la a bpairpib. 



archers and horsemen towards the earn, and 
they were not perceived until they had the earn 
surrounded, and Donn Oge was thus left almost 
alone, being accompanied only by Brian, the son 
of Turlough O'Conor, and a few of his own re- 
latives ; and these were but a short time left 
thus together. Donn Oge, being left thus un- 
protected, was soon recognized, and many archers 
pressed upon him, and five arrows entered him ; 
he was at length overtaken by one horseman, 
and though he had no weapon but a battle axe, 
he prevented the horseman from ^closing upon 
him, but the horseman drove his spear though 
him at each push. At last the archers sur- 
rounded him on every side, and he fell attempt- 
ing to defend himself against an overwhelming 
number." 

" With respect to Hugh, the son of Roderic, 
he was stationed at the east side of the English, 
and he did not wish to come to an engagement, 
and indeed it was against his will that Donn had 
done so, nor did he know that Donn had been killed . 
The routed forces were driven towards him, but 
Hugh escaped by the strength of his hand with- 
out discredit. One man pressed upon him, but 
he turned upon that man, and gave him a shot 
of the javelin which he held in his hand, and 



sent its shaft through him, after which he made 
his escape. 

" The English, being fortunate in thus cut- 
ting off Donn Oge, carried away great spoils on 
their way to Sliabh an larainn, and they killed 
women and children, and stripped those they 
had not killed. They carried great booties to 
the English camp. In consequence of this spo- 
liation many of the natives perished of cold and 
famine. On the next day the English departed, 
leaving the kingdom of Connaught to Felim, the 
son of Cathal Crovderg, and banished Hugh, 
the son of Roderic, to Hugh O'Neill." 

In the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated 
by Mageoghegan, it is stated, under the year 
1230, that Donn Og Mac Aireaghtie was killed 
by Ffelym O'Connor, and by Mac William 
Burke, at the mount called Slieve Seysie [the 
Curlieus]. 

i Hugh O'Neill. The notice of the death and 
character of this O'Neill is thus given in the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghe- 
gan: "A. D. 1230. Hugh O Neale, King of 
Aileagh, the greatest spoyler of the Churchmen 
and Churches of Connaught, and the only ba- 
nisher and extyrper of the English, and de- 
stroyer of the Irish, died." And thus in the 



12*) 



ANNAI.s '(. TIIK KINGDOM OF IRKLAND. 



257 



tighern, the son of the Brehon O'Minaghan, and many others not enumerated, 
were slain. Hugh, the son of Roderic, King of Connaught, was expelled by 
the son of William [Burke] and the EiiL'IMi (by overwhelming numbers), mi 
ili is occasion, to Hugh O'Neill, because he had risen up against the English; 
and 1'Vliin, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was proclaimed King [of Connaught] 
by tin- .-mi nf William [Burke]. 

Hugh ()'Neill q , Lord of Tyrone' and Roydumna [heir presumptive to the 
throne] of all Ireland, the defender of Leth-Chuinn against the English of 
Ireland and [the people of] Leth-Mbogha Nuadhat ; who had never rendered 
hostages, pledges, or tribute, to English or Irish ; who had gained victories 
the English, and cut them off with great and frequent slaughter; the plunderer 
of tin- English and Irish ; a man who had attempted the subjugation of all 
Ireland. died 1 [a natural death], although it was never supposed that he would 
die in anv other way than to fall by [the hands of] the English. 

Art, the son of Art O'Rourke, was treacherously' slain by Randal O'Finn. 

\i -laghlin O'Monahan was slain by his relatives". 



old translation of the Annals of Ulster : "A. D. 
1230. Hufth O Neile, King of the north of Ire- 
land, and King of all Leithquin, and that shou'd 
bee King of all Ireland ; a man that most killed 
and prayed" [preyed J " Galls, and broke most 
Castles of the Irish, died, and a man thought 
less to dye by the Galls." A much more pa- 
triotic character of him is given in the Annals 
if Kilronan under the year 1229, thus : "A. D. 
I -'-:. Hugh O'Neill died in this year. He was 
Kintr of tin- Kind-Owen, and inferior to none in 
renown and goodness ; a king who had not 
given hostages or pledges to any man English or 
Irish ; n king who had gained many victories 
over the English, and had slain many of them ; 
a king who was the support of all the Irish ; 
who had never l>een expelled or exiled ; a king 
tin- mo-it hospitable and defensive that had 
come of the Iri>li lor a long period." 

* Tyrone, cip 6ojqain, comprised the present 
counties of Tyrone and Londonderry, and the 
baronies of Inishowen and Raphne, in the county 



of Donegal. The inhabitants bore the generic 
name of Kinel-Owen, and had at this period 
branched off into various families, who were all 
tributary to one archchief, commonly called pig 
cmeil eojmn; and who was sometime* of the 
family of Mac Loughlin, sometimes of that of 
O'Neill, and, in one or two instances, of that of 
O'Flaherty, now Laverty, descended from Aedh 
Allan, who was one of the sixteen monarch.* of 
the Kinel-Owen race. These once great family 
names are still numerous in this region; but 
none bearing them at present are above the rank 
of farmers, except those who have entered into 
holy order*. 

1 Died, dec. The phrase u*ed in the 
Dublin copy of the Annals of Ulster, is " qvierit 
in Ckri*o. 

1 DvacAerotuty, i meeiBciil. In the old trans- 
lation of the Annals of Ulster, this sentence is 
rendered : " Art mac Art OKoirke killed by 
Ranall O Fin mutkfrmuly." 

u Rri<itirtt, bpairpio. The word bpuruip in 



2 L 



258 cmNata Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [1231. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1231. 
Qoip Cpiopr, mile, Da ceo cpioca, a haon. 

Oionip ua mopba eppcop ailpmn Do cpiocnuccaD a bfraD in oilen na 
rpmoioe ap loc ce an .15. Do Oecembep ~\ DonnchaD ua concobaip DoipDneao 
na iona6. 

plann ua connaccaij eppcop ua mbpiuin bpeipne Decc. 

Scepdn ua bpaoin aipcinnec TTlaije eo [oecc]. 

Celecaip ua Oob'ailen aipcinnech camca peap oepcac, cpaiboeac, ecc- 
naibe, epnaijrec [DCCC]. 

perpoilje mjfn concobaip mic Diapmaca bfn muipceapraij muirhmj mic 
coippoealbai j rhoip [oecc] macaippibeTTlajnupa micTTluipcepraij, concobaip 
puaiD, cuarail, -\ roippDealbaij paccaipr, ~\ ppioip pecclepa peaoaip -| poil. 

Dubcoblaij mjfn concobaip nnc Diapmaca Decc i mainipcip na buille. 

plaicbfpcac ua plannaccain caoipeac cloinne cacail meic muipfbai^ 
muillfcam Decc ina oilicpe i mainipcip na buille. Oubcfrhpac injean uf 
cuinn bfn an plaicbeapcai^ hi pin Decc. 

Ualsapcc ua Ruaipc ci^eapna bpeipr.e Decc ma ailirpe ap pl'jiD an 
cppoca. 

^lollaiopa mac pampabam cijeap^a ceallaij ecbac, ~\ DuinDin ua 
TTlaolconaipe ollam pi'l muipfohaij muillfcam Decc. 

ancient manuscripts signifies a brother ; but in of O'Kelly, and his people of Ily-Many, that all 
the modern Irish language bpacaip means a the Hy-Many were baptized here. " St. Bridget 
kinsman, and oeapbporaip is the word used has the baptism of the race of Maine, and al- 
to denote a brother. though the children may not (always) be brought 

"Bishop of Hy-Briuin Breifney. This is the to her church to be baptized, her Coarb has the 

Bishop of Kilinore, called Florence O'Conacty power to collect the baptismal penny from those 

in Harris's Ware, voL i. p. 226. In the Annals tribes. This money is divided into three pai -i>. 

of Ulster he is called Bishop of Breifney, and in of which she herself (rectius her Coarb) hus < nu- 

those of Kilronan, Bishop of Hy-Briuin. part, Druim Dreastan (now Drum parish) the 

* Of Gamma, cumcct. A parish church in the second, and Cluain Eamhain (now Cloonoun) 

barony of Athlone, and county of Roscoinmou, the other third part." See Tribes and Customs 

dedicated to St. Bridget. The small village of of Hy-Many, printed for the Irish Archaeological 

Tober Brighde, generally called in English Society, p. 78, note d , and map to the same 

Brideswell, is in it. We learn from a tract pre- work. 

-. i ved in the Book of Lecau, foL 92, treating ' Fethfoilge In the Annals of Kilronan she 



1231.] ANNAI.S OF TIIK KINCDO.M OF IRF.I. AND 

HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1231. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-one. 

Dmuvsius O'More, Bishop of Elphin, closed his days on the Island of tin- 
Blessed Trinity on Lough Key, on the 15th of December, and Donough 
O'Conor was appointed in his place. 

Flann O'Connaghty, Bishop of Hy-Briuin Breifney" [Kilmore], died. 

Stephen O'Breen, Erenagh of Mayo [died]. 

K richer O'Devlin, Erenagh of Gamma*, a charitable, pious, wise, and 
prayerful man [died]. 

Fethfoilge', daughter of Conor Mac Dermot, and wife of Murtough 
Muimhneach, the son of Turlough More [died]. She was the mother of 
Manus, Conor Roe, Tuathal, and Turlough the Priest, Prior of the Church of 
SS. Peter and Paul. 

Duvcovlagh, daughter of Conor Mac Dermot, died in the monastery of 
I '. -yle. 

Fliilu-rty O'Flanagan, Chief of the race of Cathal, the son of Muireadhach 
Muilleathan 1 , died on his pilgrimage in the monastery of Boyle. Duvtawragh, 
daughter of O'Quin, and wife of this Flaherty, died. 

Ualgarg O'Rourke, Lord of Breifney, died on his way to the River [Jordan]. 

Gilla-Isa Magauran, Lord of Tealach Eachdhach*, and Duinnin O'Mulconry, 
Ollave [chief poet] of the race of Muireadhach Muilleathan [the Sil-Murray], 
died. 

is called Fethfailghe (Fefalia), and her death is nagans, the CTMorans, and their correlatives. The 

thus noticed: "A.D. 1231. Fethfailghe, the extentof their territory la still remembered in the 

daughter of Conor Mac Dermot, and the wife of neighbourhood of Elphin, Belanagare, and Man- 

Murtough Muimhncach, the son of Turlough tua, between which it principally lies. See note 

' >V<m<>r, died this year. She was the h , under the year 1 193, pp. 97, 98. 
largest, the most beautiful, the most hospitable, * TeolaeJt Eartidkack. now sometimes called 
the most chaste, ami tin- most famous woman of Tullughagh, but generally Tully haw, a barony in 
Cluiinn. Shi- was the mother of Manus, the north-west of the county of Cavan, the an- 
Conor Roe, Tuathal, and Turlough the priest, dent inheritance of the family of Magauran, or 
i ... th, l'ri..r ,<( the Kegles of SS. Peter and Magovern. The level part of this barony, con- 
Paul. 11 taining the village of Ballymagovern, or Bally - 
" The race of Cathal, ion of Muireadhach Mail- magauran, L e. Magaurau's town, was anciently 
-This was the tribe name of the O'Fla- called Magh Sleacht. 

2 L2 



'2(JO 



emeaNR 



[1232. 



Concobap jocc ua lifjpa ci jeapna luijne Decc. 

Sloicceab la oomnall ua noomnaill ci^eapna cipe conaill, ] la haonjup 
mac jillepinnein co pocpaioe peap manac Do paijib i Rai^illij cacail. 
Ruccpac loinccfp leo pop loc uaccaip, -\ po aipccpfc eo imp. Cucpac apiap 
la caob peoo maoine ~\ lonnmup an baile uile leo 

peiblirmb mac cacail cpoiboeipg DO abail la mac uilliam bupc i mfbucc 
cap pldnaib maire gall epeann. 

dOlS CR1OSO, 1232. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceD, cpioca, aDo. 

Paccna ua hallgaic corhopba Dpoma muca&a, >i oipicel ua ppiacpac pfp 
056 aomfb, Ifijinn, -] lubpa, ~| Ifpaijce cpua^ DO ecc. 

Cempall cille moipe i ccip bpiuin na pionna DO coij'peccaD la Donnchao 



b Conor God, Concobap 5 OCC In the An- 
nuls of Ulster and of Kilronan the name is 
written Concobop 5- The adjective 500 is 
used in medical Irish MSS., to translate the 
Lutin balbus, or balbuttens. 

f An army was led. This event is given some- 
what more satisfactorily in the Annals of Kilro- 
nan, as follows: 

"A. D. 1231. A great army was led by 
Donnell O'Donnell, King of Tirconnell, and 
by Aengus Mac Gilla-Finnen, against Cathal 
O'Reilly, and they brought a fleet [of boats and 
cots] with them upon Lough Oughter, and 
plundered Eo-inis, and kilkd the best white 
steed that was in Ireland, and carried away 
Cacht, the daughter of Mac Fiachrach, the wile 
of O'Reilly, and the jewels and goods of the 
whole town." 

d Mac Gilla-Finnen, now made MacGillinnion. 
The name is still very common in the west of 
the county of Fermanagh ; but many have 
changed it to Leonard. This family is of the 
Kinel-Connell race, and descend from Flaherty 
Mac Loingsigh, who was Monarch of Ireland 



from the year 727 to 734. For the pedigree of 
this family see Battle of Magh Rath, printed 
for the Irish Archaeological Society in 1842, 
p. 335. 

e Eo-inis Archdall states that Eo-inis, or 
Inis-eo, was an island in Lough Erne; andrvi'ii 
Colgan, in Ada SS., p. 222, places Inis-eo, not 
Eo-inis, in Lough Erne; but this passage af- 
fords evidence to shew that Eo-inis was in Lough 
Oughter. It is at present the name of an island 
in Lough Oughter, Anglicised Eanish (Go-imp, 
in accordance witli the Ultonian pronunciation), 
but no remains of antiquity are to be seen on it, 
except an earthen fort. 

f Under this year the Annals of Kilronan re- 
cord, that Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh [Mac 
Dermot], commenced the erection of a market- 
town at Port na Cairrge. This is the place now 
called Rockingham, the well known and mag- 
nificent seat of Lord Lorton. 

g Faghtna, This entry is given somewhat 
differently and better in the Annals of Kilro- 
nan, as follows: 

A. D. 1232. puccnu O llall^aic comupbu 



I-J32.] ANNALS OK TIIK KIXCJDo.M OF IKKLAND. 201 

Conor God b O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, died. 

An army was led' by Donnell O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconncll, and Aengus 
Mac (jrilla-Finiicn d , with the forces of Fermanagh, against O'Reilly (Cathal): 
tln-y brought boats with them upon Lough Oughter, and plundered Eo-inis', 
and, after obtaining their own award, they carried away with them all the 
jewels, treasures, and wealth of the whole town. 

Felim, the sn of Cathal Crovderg (O'Conor), was taken prisoner by the 
son of William Burke, at Meelick, in violation of the guarantee given by all 
the English chieftains in Ireland'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1232. 
Tlie Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-ftco. 

Faghtna* O'llallgaith, Coarb of Drumacoo*, and official of Hy-Fiachrach 
[ Aidhne], who had kept an open house for strangers, the sick, and the indi- 
gent, and also for the instruction of the people, died. 

The church of Kilmore 1 , in Hy-Briuin na-Sinna, was consecrated by 

opomtmi mucaoa, 7 Oippiroet ua ppiacnac, under the name of t>puim mocuu, as in the dis- 

peup ei^e aioeo, 7 luopa 7 lei^inn 7 Urpjijjci trict of COILL CA BH-FIACHRACR, a short dis- 

cipp 7 eulriiun in oc anno quieuic. tance to the south-west of Kilcolgaii, and not 

' A. I). 1232. Faghtna O'Hallgaith, Coarb of far from the margin of the Bay of Gal way. 
Druim Mucadha, and official of Hy-Fiachrach, ' Kilmore , in Hy-Briuin-na-Sinna, now Kil- 

u man who had kept a house for' the entertain- more, a parish church in the district now called 

nil-lit i >f strangers and of the sick, and also for Tirarune, but anciently Tir-Briuin, situated in 

the in-trurtinii and improvement of the country the east of the county of Koocommon, stretch- 

and the land, in Aor anno quieuit." ing along the western bank of the River Shan- 

11 '"' l>rumat<K>, Opoma tmica6<i A parish non, and about \x milc-o-asf nt'Klphin. Archdall 

U-li'iiuMiiif tn tin- ili(H--sf of Kilmacduagh, in the has confounded this place with Coill-mor, near 

barony "f I)iinki-llin, and county of Gal way. St. John's, at Lough Ree. 
See ( )rdnanw Map of the County of Gal way. There is a curious stone inserted in the wall 

-In'. -t li>;{ ; and also Trihtt ami Cuttoms of Ily- of the church-yard of Kilmore, exhibiting a 

/. printiil for tin- Irisli Arrhteological So- fragment of an inscription in Saxon characters, 

in tho year 1843, p. 71, note b , where it is which runs thus: 

-lii-wn tluit thr territory of Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne " A. D. M: CCC.L: VH. KATHKAN INGE AN Mi< 

was i- with the present diocese of Kil- HRANAN ME FECIT." 

macduaifh. Sec also the map prefixed to the " A I'. It". 7 K \TIIK N DADORTEB OF MAT 

MI mi? work, on which this church is shewn, BBAXAN. MADE ME." 



2(>2 aNNCtwi Rioghuchca eiraeaNN. 



ua concobaip eppcop ailpinn, ~\ candnaij DO benarh ipm mbaile cetma la 
conn ua plannaccam baof na ppfoip ann. 

Uioppaicce ua bpaoin corhopba commdin paof cleipcecca, pfncupa, -\ 
bpficfmnappa Decc in imp clorpann ma ailirpe. 

Qob mac arhlaoib mic Dorhnaill ui peapjail coipeac mumcipe hangaile 
DO lopccab ap imp loca cuile Id cloinn aoba ciabaij mic mupchaba uf 
pepjail lap ccaicfm naof mbliaban i ccoipijecc na hangaile ofip mupchaib 
cappaij i pepjail. 

TTlajnup mac ariilaib mic caibs mic maolpuanaib cainDel einij, eanj- 
nama, -| cpabaio oecc. 

Oonnchab mac comalcaij meic Diapmaoa paoi ap eineac, -\ ap fngnam, 
lercpoman Connacc DO ecc ip in aicioecc. 

Concobap mac Ctoba mic Ruaiopi Do elu6 6 jallaib, -| clanna cofpeac 
Connacc Do cionol ma rimcealt. i a nool ip na cuacaib ap lonnpaijiD. Ro 
mapbab cpa eipiom lap na Uuachaib, ~\ jiollaceallaij ua hfibin, giolla- 
cpiopc mac Donnchaba mic Diapmaoa, -\ pochaibe amaille ppiu. Ctpe an 
la pin po jealpac na ruara na pamcaca uile, an can acpubpan peap pam- 
caije gile Do rhapBab meic aooha. 

l?ije Do rabaipc Daob mac Ruaibpi la mac uilliam bupc DO pibipe, ~\ pic 
DO Denam bo pip lap ngabdil pfiblim mic carail cpoiboeipg Do. 

k Tliere. This passage is rendered as follows Aicidheacht; and at the year 1273, O'Quin is 

in the old translation of the Annals of Ulster: styled lerroipeac na haicioeacca, from which 

" A. D. 1232. The church of Kilmore sanctified, it would appear that this was another name for 

and canons made in the same by Con O'Flana- the territory of the Clann Cuain, in which Mai- 

gan." Dermot had a house on an island in the lake called 

1 Coarb of St. Coman, i. e. the Abbot of Eoscom- Claenloch, (see entry under the year 1 1 87i p. 79, 

mon. Inisclothrann is an island, containing the note l '),andwhichO'Quinhadplacedunderthepro- 

ruins of seven churches, in Lough Ree, an expan- tection of Mac Dermot about the year 1 1 50. The 

sion of the Shannon between the counties of word aicioeacca is used in the Annals of Kilro- 

Longford and Eoscommon. See note under the nan in such a manner as will shew that it was 

year 1193. used to denote chiefry, as in the following pas- 

m Auliffe, arhlaoib. He was the son of'l'eige, sage: "A.D. 1225. Coimeipje cocca oeipje ip 

who was the son of Mulrony, the ancestor after in mbliaomn pi la CoippoealBac mac Ruaibpi 

whom the Mac Dermots of Moylurg were called mtc Coippoealbaij, 7 le h Qe6 mac Ruaiopi 

Clann-Mulrony. -j V e hQoD O Neill DO copnum CUICID Corv- 

n Aicideacttt Under the year 1 206 Mac Der- nacc pe hQeo mac Curail CpoiBoeipj cpe 

mot is called Lord of Moylurg, Airteach, and popconjpao t)umn Oij me^ oipeaccaij, pijj- 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IKK1.AND. 263 

Donough O' Conor, Bishop of Elphin; and canons were appointed in the same 
town by Conn O'Flanagan, who was Prior there*. 

Tipruide O'Bivcn, Coarb of St. Coman 1 , who was learned in theology, his- 
tory, and law, died on the island of Inis-Clothran, on his pilgrimage. 

lluirh, ' "f AulilFe, who was son of Donnell O'Farrell, Chief of An- 

naly, was burned on the island of Inis Locha Guile by the sons of Hugh Ciabach, 
the son of Morogh O'Ferrall, having been nine years Chief of Annaly, from 
the death of his predecessor, Morrogh Carrach O'Ferrall. 

Manus, son of Auliffe m , the son of Teige Mac Mulrony, lamp of hospitality. 
feats of arms, and piety, died. 

Donough, son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, eminent for his hospitality and 
feats of arms, died in Aicideacht", a great loss to Connaught. 

Conor, son of Hugh, the son of Roderic, made his escape from the English, 
and the sons of the chiefs of Connaught assembled around him, and they made 
an incursion into the Tuathas ; but Conor, with Gilla- Kelly O'Heyne, and Gil- 
chreest, the son of Donough Mac Dermot, and many others along with them. 
were slain by the people of the Tuathas. This was the day on which [the people 
of] the Tuathas whitened" all the handles of their battle-axes, because it was 
rumoured that it was by a man who carried a white handled battle-axe that 
the -'in of Hugh had been slain. 

Tin- kingdom [of Connaught] was again given to Hugh, the son of Roderir, 
by the son of William Burke p , who made peace with him after he had taken 
Felim. -ou of Cathal Crovderg, prisoner. 



fil rnuipecioaij a nt>iUtl a peapumn who had opposed him whitvm-d the handle of 

7 a aicioeacca bo 5uam be. i. e. A war was his battle-axe, in order that his slayer might 

khullrd in this year by Turlough, the son of not be identified, from fear of the vengeance of 

rir. who was the son of Turlough, and his father, who was then very powerful, and be- 

II ugh, the son of Roderic, and by Hugh O'Neill, came King of Connanght immediately after. 

ntesting the province of Connaught with f The ion </ Wittiam Bvrke. This wan the 

HuL'h, the son of Cathal Crovderg, at the so- celebrated Richard de Burgo, who was calU-d the 

lii-itation of Donn Oge Mageraghty, royal chief- Great Lord of Connaught. He WM the son of 

tain of Sil-Murrny, in revenge of the loss of his William Fits-Adelm de Burp", by Isabel, natu- 

lands awl AirMenrfit." ral daughter of Richard L, and widow of LI. 

H /,, mv/, po ^enlpac, i. e. a rumour having w;llyn, Prince of Wale*. He is said to have 

spread abroad, that the person who slew him struck off the arm of King Roderic O'Conor, in 

carried a white-handled battle axe, each of those th<- llattlo of LvithriJh. near Dublin. He was 



264 



CINNCFXI 



emeaNN. 



Caiplen bona gaillme DO Denarii la T?iocapt> De bupcc, -| caiplen Duin 
lomjam DO rinDpcfccal la haDam SoonOun. 

^iolla na naorh ua Dalaij paof pe Dan, -| le cfj aibeab coiccfnn Do conj- 
bdil Do rpuaccaib -| DO rpenaib Decc. 

TTlaeleoin bobap ua TTlaolconaipe Do jabail cluana bolcdin. 

pfiblinmb mac carail cpoibDeipg DO leccah amac la jjallaib. 

Concubap mac neill ui gaipmlfohaijcj coipeac cenel ITIoain Decc. 

Sloijeab la coriinall ua laclamn cijeapna cfpe heojain co njallaib, i co 
ngaoibealaib i ccip conaill Dia po mill mop hi ppdnaic, -| cue bpaijoe Dorh- 
naill ui baoijill, i uf caipceipc Ifiy. 

Sloicceab Id hua nDomnaill i ccip eojjam co piacc culac nocc Dia po 
ririptt bu lomba Dia po loipc apbanna, i Dia po milleab mopan, i cainic ap 
cula co copccpach. 

TTIiDbec i faghimp Do opccain Id cinel eojain uaip Do poccaccap a 



Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1227, and died on 
his passage to France in January, 1243, in pro- 
ceeding to meet the King of England at Bour- 
deaux, attended by his barons and knights. He 
married Hodierna, daughter of Robert de Ger- 
non, and grand-daughter, maternally, of Cathal 
Crovderg O'Conor, King of Connaught, and had 
by her two sons, Walter and William, the for- 
mer of whom marrying Maud, daughter and 
heiress of Hugh de Lacy, Junior, became, in her 
right, Earl of Ulster on the death of his father- 
in-law, and had by her one son, Richard, coin- 
monly called the Red Earl, who was considered 
the most powerful subject in Ireland. See Pedi- 
gree of the Earl of Clanrickard by Duald Mac 
Firbis, O'Clery, Lodge, and Burke-, and the 
manuscript entitled Historia Families De Eurgo, 
preserved in the MS. Library of Trinity College, 
Dublin, F. 4, 13. 

' OfBuiigalvy, bona juillihe, i. e. of themouth 
of the River of Gal way, from which river the town 
takes its name. In Mageoghegan's translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, this name is Angli- 
cised Bonagalvie, thus: "A. D. 1222. The Castle 



of Bonagalvie was made by the son of William 
Burk;" and in the old translation of the AnuaU 
of Ulster it is made Bun-Gallaway. Thus: 

" A. D. 1232. An army by William Burke 
[recte, the son of William Burke] to the castle 
of Bun-Gallaway, and there made another cas- 
tle." This castle was erected near the mouth of 
the River Galway, on the east side. 

There had been an earlier castle erected here 
in the year 1 1 24 by the Irish. See the earlier 
part of these Annals at the years 1124, 1132, 
1149; see also O'Flaherty's Account of West 
Connaught, printed for the Irish Archaeological 
Society in 1845, p. 31 ; and liardiman's History 
of Galway, p. 47, note u ; and the old map of 
Galway in the same work, at p. 30. 

1 Dunamon, L)un lomjum A place on the 
River Suck, on the borders of the counties of 
Roscommon and Galway. Tradition says that 
Dunamou was originally the residence of O'Fi- 
naghty, whose territory, consisting of forty -eight 
ballys, or townlands, lay on both sides of the 
River Suck, and this tradition is curiously cor- 
roborated by a notice given of this family in 



1232 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



The castle of Bungalvy' 1 \va< erected by Rickard de Burgo, and the erection 
of the castle of Dunanion' was commenced by Adam Staunton. 

Gilla-na-naev O'Daly, a learned poet, who had kept a house of hospitality 
for the indigent and the mighty, died. 

Malone Bodhar [the Deaf] O'Mulconry took Cluain Bolcain 1 . 

Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, was set at liberty by the English. 

Conor, the son of Niall O'Gormly, Chief of Kinel-Moen, died. 

Donnell O'Loughlin, Lord of Tyrone, at the head of an army composed of 
the English arid Irish, made an incursion into Tirconnell, and did much injury 
in Fanat', and carried away the hostages of Donnell O'Boyle and O'Tairchirt 

An army was led by O'Donoell into Tyrone, and arrived at Tullaghogt 
which occasion he killed many cows, burned the corn crops, and did much 
injury, and then returned home in triumph. 

Mevagh" and Aughnish" were plundered by the Kinel-Owen, for their ships 



Mac Firbis's Book of Pedigrees, the original 
of which is in the possession of Lord Roden, and 
a faithful copy of it iu the Library of the Uoyal 
Irish Acudemy. The- literal translation of it 
is as follows : 

" Conmhach was the son of Muircadhach, and 
li>- was his eldest son, and in consequence of this 
seniority, the descendants of Conmhach (though 
interior in power) are entitled to great privileges 
IV' 'in the descendants of the other sons of Mui- 
readhach, viz., to drink the tint cup at every feast 
and banquet <>f a king : and all the descendants of 
the other sons "I Muireodhach must rise up be- 
fore tin- representative of Conmhach, or Chief of 
Claim Coriway. O'Finaghty was the royal chief- 
tain <>f Chum Couway, and had forty-eight ballys 
bout theSuek l>etore the English Invasion; but 
the BnjrketdrOTB him from his patrimonial inheri- 
tance, so that there liveth not of the family of 
O'Fimurlity, at the time of writing this Book 
(1650). any one more illustrious than the blessed 
and iiiirnmloiiv ]>rii>t, James, whose brothers 
are William and liodmond, sons of Cathal, son 
of Uonough, son of Hugh, son of Rory, son of 

2 



.Cathal, son of Tvige Oge, son of Teige, son of 
Cathal." 

Dunanion, Dim tomtom, means the dun or 
fort of loinghuin, a man's name : the dun 
is yet in existence. See Ordnance Map of the 
County of Roscommon, sheet 38; and of Gal- 
way, sheets 8 and 20. 

Fanat. A district in the north-east of the 
barony of Kilraacrenan, in the county of Do- 
negaL See note , under the year 1 186, p. 70. 

1 Cluain Boicain The O'Mulconrys were, 

and are still, seated at Clonahee, near Strokes- 
town, in the county of Roscommon; bat there 
is no place in that neighbourhood now called 
Cluain Bolcain. 

u Mevatfk, mio&fuc. A parish in the barony 
of Kilmacrcnan, and county of Donegal, part 
of which forms a well-known promontory called 
Ros GuilL, extending into Sheephaven and the 
Atlantic Ocean See Ordnance Map of the 
County of Donegal, sheets 7 and 16. 

" AttyhHtiJt, fcu^mir, rtttr cue-imp, i. e. korte- 
inluHil. An inland in Lough Swilly, near Rath- 
ineltoii, in tin- east of the barony of Kilmacrenan, 



2(j6 aNNdta Rio^hachca eiRecwR [1233. 



an DU pin, -| DO pala opfm DO cenel conuill im mac neill ui Domnaill 
cuca, po lab dp na lomgpi laip, -| po mapbab pom peipin hi pppior^uin. 
^lolla na nafrh 6 odlaij paoi i noan Decc. 

QO1S C171O3U, 1233. 
Qoip Cpiopr, mile, Da ceo, cpioca, acpi. 

<5FFP ai 5 ua Daijpe aipcmnec Doipe colaim cille [Decc]. 

TTlaoliopa ua TTlaonai uapal paccapc no jabab a ppalcaip gac laoi acr 
Dia Dorhnaij namd [DO ecc]. 

Donncachaij aipcmnec achaib pobaip pfp pfibijce jaca cuipi, -\ gaca 
cainjne, pfp co naipmiom, ~\ co nonoip Decc an .15. Do becembep. 

Sloijeao Id peiblimib mac cacail cpoiboeipj i cconnaccaib, ~| DO beacaib 
copbmac mac comalcaij (cijeapna maije Imps) ma bail, i cue lep i maij 
luipcc e. Do ponab longpopr leo occ Dpuim jpejpaije. baoi copbmac, 
concobap a mac, "\ na cpf cuaca, Da mac muipcfpcaij meic Diapmaoa, .1. 
Donncab, ~\ Uluipcfpcac ma pappaib annpin. Qpi comaiple Do ponpac Dol i 
noiaib aoba (pij Connacc), ~\ clomne Ruaibpi ap cfna. lap nool Doib ma 
nnocum, po ppaofneab pop aob mac Ruaibpi po mapbab e pern, -\ aob muimnec 

in the county of Donegal. The ruins of the Hugh was King of Connaught for five years, 
original church of the parish of Aughnish are and that he was the last of the descendants of 
still to be seen on this island. See Ordnance Roderic that was King of Conuaught; that tin- 
Map of the County of Donegal, sheets 37 and Pope offered Roderic, and his issue, for ever, the- 
46- title to the sovereignty, and six married wives, 

x Gitta-na-naev This is a repetition. if he would thenceforward abstain from the sin 

y Excepting Sunday In the old translation of the women ; that Roderic did not accept of 

of the Annals of Ulster this passage is rendered this offer on such conditions ; and, as he did not, 

as follows : " A. D. 1233. Moylisa O Moynig, that God deprived him and his race for ever of 

a gentle priest that would repeat his psalter reign and sovereignty, in revenge of the gin of 

every day, Sunday excepted, died." concupiscence. Oeooplair cloinni Ruaiopi lit 

z The Three Tuatltas. These were three dis- Concubuip pi 6penn innpm. Uuip cupcaio an 

tricts on the west side of the Shannon, in the papu ceapc up 6pinn DO pern 7 oa piol na 

east of the county of Roscommon See note d , biuio 50 bpoc, 7 peipeup DO mnuiB popoo, 7 

under the year 1189, p. 86. 17> U P DO P eca o no mbun 6 pin amac; 7 nip 

* Defeated Hugh, the son of Roderic. It is ub Ruaiopi pin, 7 6 nup ^ab oobeun DIU pij^e 

stated in the Annals of Kilronau, that this 7 plaiceammip DU piol co ppur i noio^olcap 



1233.] ANNALS < 'I TIIK KI.MJlXi.M OK IKKLAXD 

touched at these places ; but a party of the Kinel-Connell, with the son of 
Niall O'Donnell, came u{x>n them, and slaughtered the crews, but the son >( 

il him.-elf was slain in the heat of the coiiflict 

Gilla-nii-nuev' ( )'Daly, an adept in poetry, died. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1233. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-tl 

(Jroflry O'Deery, Eronagh of Derry-Columbkille [died]. 

lisa O'Maeny, a noble priest, who was wont to sing his psalter every- 
day, excepting Sunday" only [died]. 

Donncahy, Erenagh of Aghagower, settler of every dispute and covenant, 
a man of esteem and honour, died on the 1 5th of December. 

An ;u my was led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, into Connaught 
and Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh (Lord of Moylurg), went to meet him and 
l>n>ught him with him into Moylurg. A camp was formed by them at Druim 
Gregraighe, and Cormac, his son Conor, the people of the Three Tuathas 1 , 
the two sons of Mnrtough Mac Dermot. namely, Donough and Murtough, 
joined him there. The resolution they adopted was to go in pursuit of Hugh, 
King of Connaught, and the other sons of Roderic. On overtaking them they 
attacked and defeated Hugh, the son of Roderic*, slew himself and his brother, 

pecaio no mbun. Dr. Ilaiuncr, in the speech but it is certain that Giraldus Cambrensi* does 

which he has manufactured and put into the not make Dermot charge King Koderic with 

mouth of Dermot Mac Murrough, King of any such crimes, in the speech which he put* 

Leinster, makes him say to the men of Leinster into his mouth. In this speech no allusion 

and the British knights : " The tyrant Roderic whatever is made to Roderick lasciviousneM, 

hath murdered his own natural! brother, he hath but he is called a tyrant, and an artful, ambi- ' 

three wive* alive, he hath eleven bastards by tious man : " Malleus ille malarum artium & 

severall women. villaine! to behold a mote ambitionum omnium magiiter & author, violento 

in our eye, and cannot see a beam in his owne." dominatu cunctos opprimere cupiens : ad DOS 

ner't ChronitU, Dublin Edition of 1809, p. itcrum a patria pellendoa, vel etiatn in ipa 

'235. \Vluth.r Dr. llunmer found materials (quod absit) delendos, ecce super, capita nobis 

for this speech in any old historical collection iam iniminct. De multitudine superbns & elatus 

among the families of the English Pale in Ire- ambitionem suam brachio metitur. Scd inenni 

land, or whether it i> a pure fabrication of his multitudini & inerti plt-runq; gravis ease solet 

"win the Editor has not been able to determine; animosa pauciUs et anna to. 8ed (si) Lagcniam 

2 M2 



268 cmNdta Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [1233. 

a oeapb'pafaip, i a rhac, q oonnchab mop mac oiapmaoa mic Ruaibpi, -| tie 
oile cfnmocac. l?o mapbYm ann Dana Ra^allac ua plannapain, q comap 
bipip conpcapla na h6peann, eoan a bpafaip, eoan guep, q jaill iom6a ele 
beop mp mbuam clog q bacall, iap nDenam eapccaome q bacha6 comoell 
no cleipcib Cornacc oppa uaip po papai^ i po place aob muimneac ceai; 
baoirin, q cealla lomoa ap cfna jup po cuicpfc pein in enec na naom ipa 
cealla po pdpaijpfc. T?o bfnab pfje, q cfnoup ConDacc oo cloinn Ruaibpi 
mic coippbealbaij; ip in 16 pin. ) a b a 'b F e ^ im1 ^ mac cara '^ cpoiboeipj 
pije Connacc mprcain, -| na caiplefn DO ponab la neapc clomne T?uai6pi uf 
concobaip, -| mic uilliam bupc Do pgaoileab laip 100, .1. caiplen bona gaillrhe, 
caiplen na cipce, caiplen na cailli^e, -| caiplen Duin lom^ain. 

Sloicceab la huilliam mac hugo De laci (mjfn 17uai6pi uf concobaip a 
macaip piDe), -| la gallaib miDe amaille ppip ip in mbpeipne in Docum cacail 
uf Pagallaig co nDeapnpac cpeaca mopa. Ruccpac imoppo Dpong Do mum- 
cip ui Rajallaij pop uilliam De laci, -| pop mainb an cploij i noeoib na 
ccpeac cuccpac cacap Dia poile, mapbcap ann uilliam bpic, -] Dponj Do 
mainb gall ap aon pip. T?o jonab uilliam De laci co pocaibib oile. Soaicc 
ap an cfp jan giall pan eiccepe. Do ceap uilliam l>e laci ~\ Seplup mac 
carail 5aill uf concobaip, peopup pionn mac na jjaill piojijna, "| oiapmaiu 
beapnac ua maoilpeclamn DO na jonaib DO paoab poppa in lomatpecc TTlora 

quserit: quoniamalicuiConnactensiumalitjuando dropping stones into the lake. See this castle 

subiecta fuit: Ea ratione & nos Connactiani pe- referred to at the year 1195, p. 102, note T . 

tiraus, quia nostris aliquotles cuni totius Hi- d William He was the ancestor of the cele- 

bernise subdita fuerat monarchia. Nee ille more brated Pierce Lacy, of the county of Limerick ; 

monarches dominari quterit : sed damnare, sed and also of the Lynches of Galway. See note 

a patria propellere, & in omnium iura solus under the year 1 1 86. In Mageoghegan's trans- 

succedere: & omnia solus obtinere." Hibernia lation of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, this event 

Expuffnata, lib. L c. 8. is noticed as follows : " A. D. 1233. William 

b Ca&tle-Kirk, now called the Hen's Castle. Delacie, chiefest Champion in these parts of 

Its ruins are still to be seen on a rocky island, in Europe, and the hardiest and strongest hand of 

the north-west part of Lough Corrib, in that any Englishman, from the Nicen seas to this 

arm of the lake which receives the river of Beal- place, or Irishman, was hurt in a skirmish in 

anabrack, and belongs to the parish of Cong. the Brenie, came to his house, and there died of 

c Caitlen-na-Caillighe, now called the Hag's the wound. Charles O'Connor wus also wounded 
Castle, which is a translation of its Irish name. the same day, and died thereof. Nealc Ff<>x, 
It stands on an artificial island in the east side King of Teaffa-land, was likewise hurt in thi- 
ef Lough Mask, said to have been formed by said skirmishe, came to his house in like man- 



12B.] ANNALS ()F T1IK KINGDOM OF IHKLAND. 



Muiinhneach, his son, Donough More, the son of Dcnnot, who was 
if lioderic [O' Conor], and many others besides them. There were also slain 
on this occasion Kaghallagh O'Flanagan, Thomas Biris, Constable of Ireland. 
John, his relative, John Guer, and many other Englishmen ; after they 
had been cursed and excommunicated by the clergy of Connaught, by tin- 
ringing of bells with croziers, and the extinguishing of candles; for Hugh 
Muiinhneach had violated and plundered Tibohine, and many other churcli< - 
so that he [and his party] fell in revenge of the saints whose churclu- 
they had violated. The kingdom and government of Connaught was on 
that day taken from the sons ofRoderic, the son of Turlough. After thi^ 
Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, assumed the government of Connaught, 
and demolished the castles which had been erected by the power of the MHI< 
of Roderic O'Conor, and the son of William Burke, namely, the castle of 
Bungalvy, Castle-Kirk b , and Castle-na-Cally c , and the castle of Dunamon. 

An army was led by William d , the son of Hugo de Lacy (whose motlu-i 
was the daughter of Roderic O'Conor), accompanied by the English of Meath, 
into Breifny against Cathal O'Reilly, ami committed great depredations; but 
a party of O'Reilly's people overtook William de Lacy, and the chiefs of hi- 
army, who were behind the preys, and they gave battle to each other, in which 
William Britt, and a number of the chiefs of the English along with him, wen- 
slain. William de Lacy, with many others, was wounded. They returned 
from the territory without hostage or pledge. And William de Lacy, Charli-.*, 
the son of Cathal Gall* O'Conor, Feorus Finn', the son of the English Qui--n. 
ami Dermot Bearnagh* O'Melaghlin, died of the wounds they received in that 
battle of Moin-crann-chaoin". Niall Sinnagh O'Catharny, Lord of Teffia, was 

HIT, ami, after receiving the sacraments of the Marche in France. See Hanmert Chronicle. 

altar mid Extruam Unction, died penitently." Dublin edition of 1809, p. 353. 

' Cathal Oall, Cacul gull, i. e. Cathal the Eng- Beamaek. This word, which tr 

lishmau; he was so called by way of reproach, gapped, is often applied to person who had lost 

for sjM-akiiig the English language. his front teeth. 

' t\t>rits Finn, i. e. Pierce the Fair. He must h Maotn-eraHn-eaoin, i. e. the bog or mow 

have IH.VII half bn.ther to Henry III., whose of the beautiful tree*. There is no place at 

mother, Queen Isabella, who was the daughter sent bearing the name in the county of Cavan. 

and heir of Aim TU-, Earl of Angolesm, after the which comprises the entire of the territory of 

death of King John, married the Count de la Breifny O'Reilly- 



270 QNNaca Rioghachca emeaNN. 

cpann caoin. Niall pionnac ua cacapnaij cijeapna peap ceacba DO juin ip 
in amup ceona, -\ a ecc ma cijh lap noenam a ciomna, -| mp na ongab. 



QOIS CR1OSC, 1234. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceD, cpioca, acfcaip. 



Ctonjuf ua maolpojmaip eppcop ua ppiacpac, )iUa " naomh mac aipr 
uf bpaoin aipcmneac l?opa commain, TTlaobopa mac Daniel uf gopmgaile 
Ppioip innpi mac nepin, TTlaolpeaDaip ua capmacam maijipcip Ropa comctin, 
1 jiolla lopa ua gibellam manac -| ancoipe oilein na cpmoiDe Decc. 

Oomnall mac aoba i neill cijeapna cenel eojain, abbap pij 6peann DO 
mapbab la mag laclainn .1. Dorhnall ~\ la cenel eojain pobein, -\ Domnall DO 
jabdil cijeapnaip. 

Qonjup mac jillepinDein cijeapna loca hfipne Do lompub ap ua nDorh- 
naill, i a bol ap cpeic i ccip conuill, ~| 6 Domnaill, .1. Domnall mop, Do bpfir 
aip, i a mapbab a noiojail eiccneacdin. 

Ctob ua hfjpa cijeapna luijne Do mapbab la Donnchab mac Duapcdin f 
eagpa (lap lopccab cije paip, ] lap ccecc app), a noiojail a beapbpacap, 
1 coicc mac DeapBpacap a acap Do mapbpom, ~\ a Deapbpacaip ele Do 
ballab laip. 

DiapmaiD ua cuinn caoipeac muincipe giollgain Do mapbab. 

RiocapD mac uilbam mapapcal Do ool inD ajaib Rij pa^an hi 



1 Under this year the Annals of Kilronan re- Muinter Pheodachain. 

cord the death of Donncatha, Erenagh of Ag- k Muintir-Gittagan This territory was dis- 

hagower, on the 18th of the Calends of January; tributed among the baronies of Ardagh, Moy- 

a man respected in the Church and State for his dow, and Shrule, in the county of Longford. 

wisdom and personal form ; a man the most The townlands of which it consisted are speci- 

bountiful of his cotemporaries in bestowing cat- fied in an Inquisition taken at Ardagh, on the 

tie and food; protector of the poor and the 4th of April, in the tenth year of the reign of 

mighty;, the ornament of the country, and the James I., which found that thirty-five small 

guide and settler of every covenant among his cartrons of Montergalgan then belonged to 

own people, and all in general. O'Farrall Bane, and seventeen one-half cartrons 

' Mac Gillafinnen, now Mac Gillinion __ Ma- of like measure to O'Farrall Boye's part of the 

guire was not as yet powerful in Fermanagh, county of Longford. The territory of Caladh 

The Mac Gillinions were afterwards chiefs of na h-Anghaile, called in this Inquisition " the 



1234.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. -_'7I 

also wounded in this battle, and died at his own hou<e, after making his will 
and being anoim 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1234. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-j 

Aengus O'Mulfover, Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach [Killala] ; Gilla-na-naev, the 
son of Art O'Breen, Erenagh of Roscommon ; Maelisa, the son of Daniel O'Gor- 
mally, Prior of Inisraacnerin ; Mulpeter O'Carmacan, Master at Roscommon ; 
and Gilla-Isa (Gelasius) O'Gibellan, a monk and anchorite on Trinity Island, 
died? 

Donnell, the son of Hugh O'Neill, Lord of the Kinel-Owen, and heir pre- 
<mnptive to the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Mac Loughlin (Donnell), 
and the Kinel-Owcn themselves, and Donnell [i. e. Mac Loughlin], assumed 
the lordship. 

Aengus Mac Gillafinnen J , Lord of Lough Erne, turned against O'Donndl, 
and went into Tirconnell upon a predatory incursion; but O'Donnell (Donnell 
Mure), overtook him, and killed him in revenge of [the death of] Egnc^hun. 

Hugh O'llara, Lord of Leyny, was killed by Donough, the son of Duarcan 
( t'Hnra (after he had burned the house over him, and after Hugh had escaped 
out of it), in revenge of his brother, and the five sons of his father's brother, 
whom he [Hugh] had slain, and of another brother who had been plundered 
by him. 

Dennot O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan*, was slain. 

Ki.'hsu-d, the son of William Mareschal 1 , having rebelled against the King 

Callow," a name still locally remembered as Prince of Lcinster, in Ireland. Se* Hanmer'i 

that of a low district in the barony of Rathcline, Chronicle, Dublin Edition of 1809, pp. 346, 347- 

lies between Muintir (lillagan and the Shannon. The Four Masters have given thi account 

S.e note on Magh Treagha, under the year very imperfectly. They should have written it 

1 '255 . thn : " A. D. 1 254. Richard, the son of William 

1 Kichard, the ten of WiUinm Mare*chal.He Mareschal, having rebelled against the King of 

was the second son of William Mareschal, or England, came over to Ireland, and took powes- 

Miirsholl, or, as Hanincr will Imv, it, Maxfield. sion of Leinster. Th English of Leuuter as- 

!!> was Earl Marshall of England, Earl of Pern- sembled to oppose him on behalf of the King, 

broke, in Wales, and of Ogie, in Normandy, and namely, Maurice Fitxzerald, the Justiciary, 



272 



emecmR 



1 cocc Do caipip anoip co po jab illaijnib. Cionoilic goill Gpeann na ajaib 
po 0615 pfjj pa;ran, .1. mac TTluipip lupcip na hGpeann, hujo te laci lapla ulab, 
1 ualcpa oe laci cijeapna na mibe. Uangaccap 50 cuippec lipe hillaijnib 
gup cuippioc cac ppip an mapapjal, -| mapbrap an mapapcal, -| po jabab 
Seppaij mapapcal, -\ nf paibe 05 cup an cara ace epiom a aonap lap na 
rpegeb Oia rhumcip buoein. 

QO18 CP1OSU, 1235. 
Goip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceo cpiocac, acuicc. 

Ipaac ua maoilpojmaip aipcinbec cille halaib Decc. 
TTlacheup ppioip oilem na cpinoioe [oecc]. 
TTlaoaban ua maoabam cijeapna pil nanmchaba oecc. 
Coclamn mac eiccijepn uf ceallaij oo mapbab la macaib an jiolln 
Riabaij uf baoijill. 



Hugo de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, and Walter de 
Lacy, Lord of Meath. They came to Curragh- 
Liffey, in Leinster, where they had appointed to 
hold a conference with the EarL But they 
quarrelled with him at the conference, and took 
him prisoner, after having first wounded him 
mortally, for, being deserted by his false friend, 
Geoffry de Marisco, he was left almost alone on 
the field, and his stubborn valour would not 
allow him to submit tamely to his betrayers." 

m Mac Maurice This is a mistake, for the 
person who opposed Richard Mareschnl was 
Maurice, the son of Gerald Fitzgerald. He 
might have been called Mac Maurice, patro- 
nimically, from his grandfather, but it does not 
appear that he ever was. 

Currech-Liffey, Cuippec life, i. e. Cur- 
ragh of the Liffey The Curragh of Kildare 
is so called throughout these Annals, from 
which it may be safely concluded, that the 
Curragh anciently extended eastwards as far 
as the Rivx-r Liffey, for the enclosures which 
from time intruded on the plain have gradu- 



ally narrowed it. The word cuippec, or, as it 
is now written, cuppac, h^s two significations, 
namely, a shrubby moor, and a level plain, 
or race course ; and it appears from the deriva- 
tions given of the word in Cormac's Glossary, 
that it has this two-fold application from a very 
early period. 

Geoffry Maresc/ial. This is an error of name 
and fact, for there was none of the great family 
of the Mareschals called Geoffry, and the person 
evidently referred to was Geoffry de Marisco, 
who did not stand alone fighting in the field of 
battle, but, according to Mathew Paris, marched 
away with four score of the Earl's company, who 
had been bribed to this desertion. 

The fact seems to be that the Irish annalists 
knew nothing of the insidious plot laid by the 
Anglo-Irish barons against Richard Mareschal, 
and therefore described it as a regular battle. 
The best account of the plot against Mareschal 
is given by Matthew Paris, who bestows four- 
teen folio pages on the story of the last days and 
death of this young nobleman. See LelamiV 






ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. 



873 



of KiiL'tuml, in England, he came over to Ireland, and landed in Leinster. Tin- 
English ofLeinster assembled to oppose him, on behalf of the King: Mac 
Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland; Ilugode Lacy, Earl of Ulster; and Walur 
tlr Lacy, Lord of Meath. They came to Cuirreach-Life, in Leinster, where 
they engaged with Mareschal, and killed him; and they made a prisoner of 
Geoffry Mareschal", who had stood alone fighting on the field of battle, after 
all his people had fled from him p . 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1235. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-five. 

Isaac O'Mulfover, Erenagh of Killala, died. 
Matheus, Prior of Trinity Island [died]. 
Madden O'Madden, Lord of Sil-Anmchadha, died. 

Loughlin, the son of Echtighern O'Kelly, was slain by the sons of Gilla- 
Reagh O'Boyle. 



History of Ireland, book ii. c. 1, vol. i. pp. 21 3- 
219; and Moore's, voL Hi. pp. 16-19. Dr. Han- 
mer, who had read Matthew Paris, is guilty of 
an intentional forgery in his Chronicle, ad arm. 
1233, where he says, that "Richard Marshall 
was mortally wounded in a battle near Kildare, 
uppon the great Heath called the Curragh, 
fighting against the O'Connors I" Dublin Edi- 
tion, p. 34t'>. 

In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, the account of this rencounter 
at the Curragh of Kildare, is thus briefly and 
incorrectly entered: "A. D. 1234. William 
Marshall gave battle to the rest of the English- 
men of Ireland, where William himself was shun 
and Guoffry March was taken." 

The compiler of the Annals of Kilronan also, 
who appears to have known nothing of the plot 
against the Earl, described the encounter on the 
Curragh as a regular battle, and adds, that the 
death of Richard was one of the most lamenta- 
ble occurrences of these times. 



P Under this year the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise record, that Felim O'Conor, King of Con- 
naught, marched with his forces to Meath, and 
burned Ballyloughloe, Ardnurcher, and many 
other towns. Under this year also the Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Innisfallon record the 
death of Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath, leav- 
ing no issue, except two daughters. They also 
record the erection of the great church of St. 
Canice, at Aghaboe, by the successor of St. 
Kit-ran of Saigher. The Annals of Ulster and 
of Kilronan record a great snow and frost in this 
year, as follows: "A. D. 1234. finecni mop 
icip ou nooluic, 7 pic tup pin co mmgiofp 
otioim 7 etc po ncpea&aib ppim lo5a 7 aiBne 
peunn. It is thus rendered in the old trans- 
lation of the Annals of Ulster: "A- D- 1234. 
Extreame snow betweene both Christmas'* this 
yeare. Great frost after that. Men and horses, 
with their loads, went uppon" [the] "rivers and 
lakes of Ireland.'' 



274 



[1235. 



Uaicleach mac aoba uf ouboa cijeajina ua namalgaba ] ua ppiacpac 
DO rhapbab Daon upcap poijijoe i nfoaipjaipe i longpopc peblimib mic cacail 
cpoiboeipg. 

Sluaicceab la gallaib Gpeann ap na ccionol la Riocapo mac uilliani 
bupc. Gpiao poboap oipoepca bdoap pop an pluaijeab pin laip TTlac muipip 
lupei'p na hGpeann, huccooe laci lapla ula6, ualcpa RiccabapD apo bapun 
laijfn co ngallaib laijjfn, -| eoan gogan co ngallaib murhan, i Rucaba Gpeann 
apaon piu. Cangaccap cap acluain 50 popcomdin. Po loipccpfc an baile. 
Gppen co hoilpmn. 17o loipcpfc cfmpall mop ailpinn. Qppen co maimpcip 
aca Dalaapcc pop buill oibce oorhnaij na cpinoioe Do ponnpab. Oo coccap 
oponga Dia ppianlac pon maimpcip, bpipic an pcpipca,cuccparcaili5 aippinn, 
eoije, i lonnmupa app. ba spam mop la mainb gall in nf pin, "] Do cuippioc 
pop ccula gac nf ppir Diob pin, -| po focpac Dap cfnn an nfic na ppfr. Po 
cuippfc apabdpac pipce uabaib co cpeic, co caipre muilcen, co cop jbnne 



q The most illustrious Ctp iao poboap oip- 
oeapca baoap pop an pluai^eao pin is a very old 
and obsolete form of construction, which would 
stand iu the Irish of the present day thus: ip iao 
ba oipbeipce bi ap an pluuijeub pin. Charles 
O'Conor, of Belanagare, in the preface to his 
Dissertations on the History of Ireland, says that 
the Four Masters had in their writings preserved 
the language of the sixtli century; and though 
we cannot fully acquiesce in this opinion, it must 
be acknowledged that they used very ancient 
forms of expression, and had no scruple in bor- 
rowing phrases from the oldest specimens of com- 
position in the language ; but they generally 
abstracted the words of the older annalists, with- 
out much regard to strength or neatness of ex- 
pression, or purity of style. 

' Mac Maurice This name should be Mau- 
rice Fitzgerald. 

* Waller Rittabard. He is called Gualterus 
de Kidenesfordia by his cotemporary, Giraldus 
Cambrensis, in his Hibernia Expugnata, lib. ii. 
c. xxi; and Walter de Eiddlesford by most 
modern writers. He had his chief castle at 



Tristerdermot, now Castledermot, in the terri- 
tory of Omurethi, in the south of the now 
county of Kildare, whence he and his followers 
had expelled the O'Tooles, shortly after the Eng- 
lish invasion See note under the year 1180, 
pp. 53, 54 ; and Genealogies, Tribes, and Cus- 
toms ofHy-Fiachraeh, pp. 400, 401, note ". 

' John Goggan. O'Flaherty, in his Hiar- Con- 
naught, quoting this passage, calls him, " the 
Lord John Cogan." The name is still numerous 
in Munster, but now generally Anglicised 
Goggan. 

u Routes. The word puca, which is drrivr<i 
from the Norman-French word route, is Eng- 
lished Rowte by Mageoghegan, in his translation 
of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at the year 1237- 
It means n band or company in a military sense, 
but in a legal sene it signifies an assembly of 
persons going forcibly to commit an unlawful 
act. In Dr. Cowel's Law Dictionary this word is 
correctly explained routa, turma,colu>rs, and Jacob, 
in his Law Dictionary, derives it from the French 
r<,/iti', and explains it, "a company or number." 
In the Annals of Kilrouan, at the year 12'25, 



1235 



ANNALS ()K TIIK KINdDoM OF IKF.I.AND. 



27- r 



Taic.hlcach, the son of Hugh O'Dowila. Li>rl of Tiniwley find Tiroragh, 
was killed by one shot of an arrow during his into t'cn m-c [to quell a quarrel] 
in the camp of Felim, the son of Cuthal Crovdr 

An expedition wa> made by the Engli^Miflreland [this year], lx>ingawetnl)le<l 
l>y Kiehard. the son of William Burke. The most illustrious" of those who vrere 
with him on this expedition were Mac Maurice', Lord Justice of Ireland; II 
ilr 1.1,,-v. Marl of Ulster; Walter Rittabard', the chief Baron ofLeinster, who 
commanded the English ofLeinster; and John Goggnn', with the English of 
Minister, together with all the routes" of soMitr.* in Irelarid. Crowing [the 
bridge] at Athlone, they proceeded to Roscommon, and burned the town; 
tin-nee, going to Elphin, they burned the great church there, and proceeded 
from thenee to the monastery of the Ath Dalaarg, on the [river] Boyle, on the 
night of Trinity Sunday precisely. Parties of their soldiers assailed the monas- 
tery, broke into the sacristy, and carried away chalices, vestments, and other 
valuable things". The English chiefs, however, were highly disgusted at this, 
and sent back every thing they could find, and paid for what they could not 
find. Next day they sent marauding parties" to Creit, to Cairthe-muilchenn', 



( >'.\Yill's band, or company of soldiers, is called 
Rue Goj^anac ; and, at the same year, pucaba 
ceireipne is used to denote bands, or companies, 
of kernes, or light-armed infantry. 

"Chalices, vettmentt, 8jt. The passage relating 
tn tin- riiMiiii!.' nf tho abbey of Boyle is given as 
follows, in Mageoghegan's translation of the An- 
nals of Clonmacnoise : "A. D. 1235. The Eng- 
lish of Ireland went with their forces to Con- 
noght, untill they came to the abbey of Boylle, 
when- they encamped within the walls of the 
said abK-y, tooke all the goods they cou'd finger, 
us well as holy vestments, Challiccs, as also the 
habit ts of the Monks, and striped the fryers and 
Monks very irreverently of their babbitts in the 
miilili-j-t of their Cloister. Took also a great 
prey from Cormack Mac Dermott, which was 
then generally called the prey of preys." 

1 Murnuiliim /Hirtirt, ppre In the Annals 

f Kilronan the reading is as follows: Oo 

2 



cuipeaoiip a ppre 7 a r*pr* na 'S op uoapod 
7 upiieuoti ceiceipne 50 cpeic 7 CO caipc' 
imnlce, 7 ar p n co CO P & tlmt F^P" - "They 
sent on the next day their scout*, their archer*, 
and their routes [cokortn'] of kerne to Cn-it, U. 
Cairthi Muilche, and thence to Tor-GHnne- 
fearna." There i no pl*o in the county of 
Leitrim now called Creit, unles* it be Creagh, 
in Kiltoghcr parish. 

1 Cairt/ie MttiMtn* now called in Iririi Gleftnn 
a Chairthe, and in En^l^h. C.l.-noar. It i* a 
Talley, in the county of L-itrini. and adjoining 
t he barony of Carbury, in the county of Sligo 
See its position marked on the map prefixed to 



enao. , 

published by the Archeological Society in 1844. 
See also Ordnance Map of the County of Lei- 
trim, sheet 6, and of the County of 
sheet 9- 

N2 



276 aNNdta Rioghachca emeaNN. [1235. 

peapna, ~] cugpac cpeaca mopa leo co hapo capna i ccoinoe an lupcip. Oo 
ponpac goill comaiple mcleice annpin cpia aplac eojain uf ebm DO biojail 
a cneab ap muimneacaib, i ap bonnchab caipppec ua mbpiain, .1. poo ina 
pppicfmj ip in conaip ceDna hi ccfp rhaine, immaonmai, -j appibe 50 cuab- 
muriiain gan pabab jan pacujab Do muirhneachaib. Oo ponab cpeaca 
oipfme leo. 

OD connaipc peiblimib mac cacail cpoiboeipj na joill DO bul uaba api 
comaiple po cmo Dol cona pocpaioe i mbaib muimneac, -| lap poccain DO Dia 
poijib no cuipDfp' Deabca cpoba j;ac laoi. Qn la Deibeanac cpa DO cooap 
Connaccaij, ~| muimmj ip in caclacaip, i po caraijpfic co pfpba. Qcc cfna 
po popcamlaij popbon na njjall neDijce, -| an mapcpluai?; poppo po beoib, -j 
po mubufjic pochaibe fcoppa Dfblinib ace ap mo po Diolairpijeab 
cpia cojaofp bonnchaba caipppij. Uanjaoap Connaccaij laporh Dia 
Do pome ua bpmin apabapac pic pe gallaib, ~\ DO beapr bpaijoe Doib. 
CanjaDap cpa na goill cap anaip 50 Connaccaib. Qpeab loDap ceoup 50 
haob ua plaicbfpcaij, ~\ DO pijne pibe pic ppiu Dap cfnn a bo, ~\ a mumncipe. 
peDlimib imoppo mac cacail cpoiboeipg, apf comaiple po pgpuo pom a 
mbaoi DO buaib a cconmaicne mapa, i a cconmaicne cuile ooneoc po jab a 
comaiple, ~\ mac majnupa, ~\ concobap puab mac muipceapcai^ minmni^ Do 
bpfic laip Do poijib f bomnaill, .1. Domr.all mop, ] an cfp uile Dpdpuccab pop 
cinD gall, lap pin cpa canjaoap goiU 50 Dun mugDopo. T?o cuippioD cfcca 
50 majnup mac muipceapcai5 muimnij Diappam giall paip, -| nf capo majnup 
pfc na eicepTba Doib. Ro cuippfc Dm goill 6 bun mu jDopD ploj Diaipmibe 
pa macaib puaibpi gup po aipccpfc eccuill, -| DO beapcpac cpeaca lomba 

* Tor-Glinne-fearna, i. e. the tower of Glen- now bearing the name in Glenfarn. 

fame, or the alder glen, a remarkable valley, * Moinmoy, ITIaonihu^. A level territory in 

in the parish of Cloonclare, near Manor-Hamil- the county of Galway, comprising Moyode,Finure, 

ton, in the barony of Rossclogher, and county and all the champaign lands around the town of 

of Leitrim. Glenfarn Hall is in this valley. Loughrea, in the county of Galway. It was 

See Ordnance Map of the County of Leitrim, bounded on the east by the territory of Sil-Anm- 

sheet 13. The tower here referred to would chadha; on the south by the mountain of Slieve 

not appear to have been a castle or steeple, but Aughty; and on the west by thedioceseofKilmac- 

either a Cyclopean fort, or a natural rock resem- duagh. This was the original inheritance of the 

bling a tower, like the rocks called tors on the O'Mullallys and O'Naghtans, who, shortly after 

: of Antrim and Donegal. There is no place the English Invasion, were driven from it by the 






pj:tt.] ,ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OK IKKLAND. 277 

to Tor-Glinne-fearna 1 , and they carried off great spoils from those places to tin- 
Lord Justice at Ardcarne. Here the English held a private consultation, at 
the request of Owen O'Heyne, who wished to be revenged on the Momonians, 
and on Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, and they determined on going back tin- 
same way through Hy-Many and Moinraoy*, and thence to Thomond, without 
giving the Momonians any notice or forewarning of their intentions. [This they 
accordingly did], and committed great depredations. 

Now when Felim, the son of Cathal Grovderg, saw that the English had 
departed, the resolution he came to was to proceed with his forces, to succour 
the Momonians. [This he did], and, on their joining them, spirited skirmishes 
txx)k place every day. At last the Connacians and Momonians came to a 
pitched battle [with the English], and fought manfully. But the English cavalry 
and infantry, who were clad in armour, finally overcame them. Many were 
slain on both sides, but the Momonians suffered most loss, through the im- 
jiradence of Donough Cairbreach. The Connacians then returned home", 
and on the next day O'Brien made peace with the English, and gave them 
hostages. The English returned into Connaught, and went first to Hugh 
( )'Flaherty, who made peace with them in behalf of his people and cattle. As 
to Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, the resolution which he adopted was to 
take with him to O'Donnell, i. e. Donnell More, all the cows belonging to such 
of the inhabitants of Conmaicne-mara and Conmaicne-Cuile who should take 
his advice, together with the son of Manus, and Conor Roe, the son of Mur- 
tough Muimhneach, and leaving the whole country desolate for the English. 
The English soon afterwards came to Dun-Mughdord c , and sent messengers to 
Manus, the son of Murtough Muimhneach, to demand hostages from him ; but 
Miinus would not give them either peace or hostages. The English then sent 
from Dun-Mughdord a numerous force against the sons of Roderic, who plim- 

Burkes, when the former settled in the barony of stated that the Connacians returned from thi 

Dunmore, near Tuatn, and the latter in the woody battle, having gained great credit for their va- 

district of the Faes, in the barony of Athlone, lour and skill, without having lost any man of 

in the county of Roscommon See Tribet and distinction : Cancocnp Connaceaij uiptxs fo 

Teiritories of Hy-Many, printed for the Irish pceim en^mimu 7 pommr 1 50" ouine puacrnrn 

Archaeological Society, p. 70, note ", and the DO mapBub Di6. 

map prefixed to the same work. c DtM-MtyUord, now Doon, a castle in the 

b Home.\\\ the Annals of Kilronan it is parish of Aghagower, about three mile* east of 



278 



[1235 



leo 50 opuimm nf i ccoinne gall. Uanaic Dana ao6 ua plaicbeapcaij, -j 
eojan ua heDin pluag mop ele cimceall, i aprpaije leo ap na ccappainj; 
co Ifonan cinD mapa. Ranjjaccap na Viaprpaije pin cona pocpaioe, -\ an 
lupcfp ma ccoinoe co Dpuimni co calab mpi aonaij. 

ITlagnup, imoppo, bat pi&e "] a longa ap ppuc na hinnpi, -| oeabra fneince 
uaba pop jallaib, "] imapeac 6 jallaib paippiom. l?o pacific cpa gaill ppip 
pin, 1 apeaD Do ponpac a lonjpopc Do bpeic leo, ~\ a naprpai^e Do rappaing 
cuca i ccuil cpd^a mop bof ip in maijm pin. Opo parai majnup inDpm Do 
cuaib in imp paicm, ~| po cuip Dpong Dia mumcip mo imp aonaij. OD connca- 
Dap jaill majnup cona mumcip Do 6ol pop na hoilenaib hipin, po cogbaDap a 
naprpai^e leo ap puD na rpaja, ~\ po cuippfc pop muip lac, ~] po Ifonaic co 
liobann Do pluaj, -\ DO pipchib apmra eDijre, -| locup popp na hoilenaib i 
mbaoap mumcip majnupa (cenmoca imp painn i mbaoi majnup pepin), i 
po rhapbpar a ppuapaoap Do Daoimb inncib. Do DeochaiD majnup ~\ i 
mbaoi Dia mumcip in imp paicne ma lonjaib, -| po pajaibpfc an mpi, -] 
DiambaD caipipi la majnup mumcip maille po cuippeab a lonja hi ccfnn 
lomjip na njall. 



Westport See Ordnance Map of the county 
of Mayo, sheet 88. 

d Ac/till, GccuiU, a well-known island in the 

barony of Burrishoole, and county of Mayo 

See its most remarkable features and antiqui- 
ties shewn on the map prefixed to Genealogies, 
Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiarhrach, published 
by the Irish Archaeological Society in 1844. 

e Druimni. There is no place at present 
bearing this name in the barony of Burrishoole 
or of Murresk, in the county of Mayo. See Ord- 
nance Map of that county, sheet 87, &c. 

f Which titey carried Roderic O'Flaherty, in 
his Account of Hiar-Connaught, says that the 
boats of Lough Orbsen were drawn from Bon- 
bonan for five miles [rede six miles and a-half] 
on this occasion. 

* Linan Cinn-mara, is now called Leenaun, 
a well known place near the Killary Harbour, 
in Connatnara, in the north-west of the county 
of Galway. It is described by O'Flaherty, in 



his Account of Hiar-Connaught, printed for the 
Archaeological Society in 1845, as " Imair-an- 
Linain, antiently Linan Kinmara, a long green 
spot of land by the sea of Coelshaly Ro" [Kil- 
lary]. 

h The sound near the island, fpur na hmpi. 
In this part of Ireland PP U ^ means a sound or 
inlet of the sea, into which the tide flows with 
the rapidity of a stream. Of this application of 
the word we have a striking illustration in the 
name ppur cinn GacUi, at Achill head ; baile 
an cppora, or streamstown, near Clifdcn, in 
Connamara ; and rpuc na maoile, in the north 
of Ireland, near Ballyshannou. 

' iMrge strand. This strand lies to the north 
of .Murresk Lodge, and extends from Bartraw 
point to Aunagh Island, near the foot of Croagh- 
patrick. 

k Inis-raitlmi, i. e. the Ferny Island, now cor- 
ruptly Anglicised Inishraher. It is an island in 
the Bay of Westport See Ordnance Map of 



> ] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKLANI) 

dcred Achill d , and carried off great spoils to Druimni c . Hugh O'Fluherty und 
( hven ( >'l leyne also came round with a great army, having vessels with them. 
which they carried' [by land] as far as Linan Cinn-mara*. These vessel?, with 
their forces, being met by the Lord Justice at Druimni, were brought to the 
Callow of Inis-Aenaigh. 

Manus at tlus time was with his ships ou the Sound near the island", and 
In- made frequent attacks upon the English, and they upon him in return. The 
English, however, desisted for a time; they removed their camp, and drew 
tlu'ir vessels into the angle of a large strand' at that place. When Manus 
observed this, he landed on Inis-raithni k , and sent a party of his people on the 
Island of Inis-Aonaigh 1 . As soon, however, as the English perceived that 
Manus and his people had landed on these islands, they drew their boats along 
the strand, and having them on the sea, they quickly filled them with a nume- 
rous army and troops of well-armed and mail-clad soldiers; and these landed 
on the islands on which the people of Manus were (except Inis- Kahlua", where 
Miinus himself was), and killed all the people they found on them. Upon this 
Manus, and those who were with him on Inis-Raithin, took to their ships, and 
fled from the island. Had Manus, however, been on friendly terms with tin 
< >'Malleys, they would have sent their ships against the English fleet 

tV iiiity of Mayo, sheet 87. See also Genea- means clearly betide*. According to the Annul- 

Uyiet, Tribes, and Custom* of Hy-Fiackrack, of Connaught and of Kilronan, from which the 

p. :>:{, note h , and the map prefixed to the same Four Masters seem to have abstracted their ac- 

work. count of this transaction, the English landed ..n 

1 luit-Aonaiiih, i. e. the island of the fair or the two islands. These Annals state, thut 

market, now correctly anglicised Inisheany. It " when Manui O'Conor had perceived that the 

is an island in the same bay, lying immediately English had drawn their boats ashore, and that 

to the east of Dartrnw point, and nearly due- they could not be attacked, he tailed eastward* 

south of Inis-Raithin. It is nearer to the [recte north-eastwards], and landed on Inb- 

largo strand alluded to in the text than Inis- Rathain, and some of his people landed on Init- 

lUitliin. Aonaigh, and took some hep there to kill and 

ro Krr,-j>t I nit- A'niM/H, cenmoru Imp Raicin. eat them. When the English observed this i 

In tln-sc Annuls cenmoro, like the Latin printer, rose up actively and drew their boats along tli. 

has two opposite meanings, namely, except and strand with rapidity, and launching them on th 

ft- fiilct, and it is sometimes not easy to determine sea, filled them with well-armed and mailed 

which of these meanings is intended. At the soldiers and archers, and, landing on the two 

year 1020 it is translated praeter by Colgan in islands [7 DO cuooap op op oa oilen], tli.) 

Triat Tliauni., p. 298 ; but at the year 1391 it killed all the people they foun.l ..n them. Manu* 



280 awwa^a Rio^hachca eiraeccNN. [1235. 

Ni baof bo ap oilen in mpib mo6 nap cuippfc goill ap calab in aon 16, -\ 
no ciocpaoafp mumreapa na mbo cona mbuap DO na hoilenaib hipm la 
haibble a nfocaiD ~\ a nocapaip mena bfic jabdil poppa. 

Ro mapbaio pobaoine lomba la jallaib an oibce pin. Qn aoine imoppo 
ap na rhapac Do cuap leo ap oilenaib cuaipcipr urhaill. -Ro popconjpab la 
roipeachaib an cploijj jan Daoine DO thapbab mo onoip cepca cpiopc. 

O raipnic cpa la jallaib plao -\ cpeachab hurhaill eicip rhuiji ~\ rfp 
canjaoap pfmpu, ~\ a mbii, -| a ccpeaca leo 50 lujbupDan. Do cuaoap ap 
piDe ina nuibeDhaib imreacca co hfppcapa co noeapnaoap cpeic ap ua 
nooriinaill ap Daijm lonnapbca pebbmib cuicce. Canjacrap appibe i 
ccoinppliab na pejpa, ~\ 50 calab puipc na caippcce ap loc ce Da jabdil ap 
Dpuinj DO rhuincip peobmib uf concobaip -| copbmaic mic comalcaij baoi 
occa coimeD. Cuccpac imoppo jaill Gpeann, -\ an lupcip comaipce -\ rfp- 
mann Do clapup mac ITIailin DaipciDeocam oilepino, -\ Do cananacaib oilem 
na cpinoiDe in onoip na naorh cpmoiDe, -\ DO com an liiprip pen, -] maire na 
ngall DO Decain an lonaiD pin, -] Do Denarii pleccana ) fpnaijre an Du pin. 

Do ponpac gaill laporh aibme longnaice Dariiampi ealaban ~\ innrlecca 
cpiap po jabpac Cappaj loca ce pop rhumcip peblimib -| copbmaic, -\ mp 
rid jabdil po pdgaib an lupcip luce coirheoa puippe, -] an po ba lop leo DO 
biub, 1 lionn, -\ po pajaibpfc jaill connaccaij Don cup pin gan biab gan eoac 

and such of his people as were on Inis-Rcthain, neologies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiachraclt, 

then went into their ships," &c. printed for the Irish Archceological Society in 

" Ini Mod/i This is a general name for a 1844, p. 153, note *, and p. 402. There is 

group of islands in Clew Bay, said to be 365 in another place of the name in the parish of Boyle, 

number. See Ordnance Map of the County of in the county of Roscommon; it is a hill in Lord 

Mayo, sheets 67, 76, and 87, and the Map to Lorton's demesne, and now pronounced lu jBup- 

Genealogies, Tribes, and Territories of Hy-Fiach- Dun in Irish, and Lurton in English. 

rack, already referred to; and also the paper on P Port-na-Carrick. This name is now angli- 

Inis Mochaoi, published by the Down and Con- cised Eockingham. It is situated in the county 

nor and Dromore Architecture Society, in which of Roscommon, near the shore of Lough Key, and 

the author, the Rev. William Reeves, corrects is well known to tourists as the princely seat of 

an error of Dr. O'Conor, who had stated that Lord Lorton. The natives of the town of Boyle 

the Insi Modh were the Copeland Islands. and its vicinity, when speaking Irish, always 

Luffertane, luj^Bupban, a townland in the call Rockingham pope na caipje. 

parish of Ballintober, in the county of Mayo, * And pray there. This passage is given in 

containing the ruins of a castle said to have the Annals of Boyle, as follows : t)o cueo 

been erected by the family of Burke See Ge- imoppo in lupcip 7 maci njall 6penn ou 



!:.] LMNAL8 >K TMK KINdDu.M <>! IUK1.AND. 281 

Then- was not a single cow upon any of the Insi Modh" islands which tin- 
Kiiirlish did not carry off to the shore in one day; and those to whom these 
cows had belonged would have been obliged to come off their islands, in con- 
>i i|ucnrr nt' tliirst and hunger, if they had not been [killed or] taken prisoners. 

MMMV <>f tin- inferior sort were slain that night by the English. On the 
next day, which was Friday, the English went upon the islands north of 
Umallia; and the chiefs of the army ordered that no people should be slain on 
that day, in honour of the crucifixion of Christ 

After the English had plundered and devastated Umallia, both by sea and 
land, they marched on with their cows and spoils to Luffertane" ; thence they 
proceeded, by regular marches, to Easdara [Ballysadare], where they took a 
pivy from ( )'Donnell, because he had granted an asylum to Felim after his 
I'xpul.-ion ; and from thence to the Curlieu Mountains, and to Caladh-Puirt 
na Cairrge p , on Lough Key, to take it from a party of the people of Felim 
O'Conor.and Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh [Mac Dermot], who were guard- 
ing it. On this occasion the English of Ireland and the Lord Justice spared 
and protected Clarus, the son of Mailin, Archdeacon of Elphin, and the'Canons 
of Trinity Island, in honour of the Blessed Trinity; and the Lord Justice him- 
self, and the chiefs of the English, went to see that place, and to kneel and 
pray there'. 

The English afterwards, with great art and ingenuity, constructed wonder- 
ful engines', by means of which they took [the fortress of] the Rock of Lough 
Key from the people of Felim and Cormac; and the Lord Justice, after taking 
it, left warders in it, with as much provisions and beer as they deemed suffi- 
cient By this expedition the English left the Connacians without food, rai- 



in mine pen 7 o'aipnicee ann oo cab- translation, which is as followi : " The Justiciary 

uipc caoip DO sun n 6 Uumuo ouni eaponoip and the chiefs of the English of Ireland went to 

in nininc pen. Which is thus most incorrectly see that place, and to pray and to pay reneration to 

trnnsliitcil by Dr. O'Conor : " Profecti sunt vero it, so that none should offer dishonour to the place." 
InMitiarius, ct Magnates Alienigenarum Hi- ' Wonderful eiyina. The AnnaU of Boyle 

beruia^ ad expugnandam istam gentem istam, contain a very curious account of \heptrreU, or 

et transcgtrunt noctes ibi, dantes impetus in engines, constructed by the English for taking 

earn absque vulncratione Arcis durante eo tern- the Hock of Lough Key on this occasion ; In. 

pore." 11,. r.,mlurt ..ft he English was, however, O'Conor has mistranslated almost erery sentence 

the very reverse, as will appear from the true of it 

20 



282 aNNdta Rio^hachra emeawN. [1235. 

jan eallac, -\ nf po pajjaibpeaD pic nd pdirhe innce, ace mab jjaoibil pfin 05 
plac i 05 mapbab a cele. Qp a aoi nf puccpac goill giall na eicepe Don 
cup pn. 

Oo pome peblimib pic pip in mprip, ~\ cuccaic cuig cpiucha an pigh 
Dopnmh jan cpo6 gan cfop oppa. 

Cappac loca ce DO abail Id copbmac mac Diapmaca i ccfnn picfc aibce 
mporh lap nool Don conpcapla imac co nopuing moip Da rhuincip imme, po 
lab peap Di'ob pfm, .1. 6 hopcin an baile cap a neip, ~\ Do paD Do copbmac 
lapccam. Po hionlaiceab na gaill ap comaipce co hoilcn na cpmoioe, i po 
cuipeab plan ap an cfp iaD. Upapjapcap -| mupcap an cappacc Id copbmac 
mporh conac jabDafp jaill DopiDipi. 

Oomnall i muipceapcac Da mac muipeaDaij ui maille DO rhapbab Id 
nomnall mac ma^nupa mic muipceapcaij uf concobaip, ~\ Id mall puab mac 
cacail mic concobaip i cbapa, -) a nabnacal innce beop. 

Uuaral mac muipceapcaij ui concobaip Do mapbab la concobap mbuibe 
mac coippbealbaij ui concobaip, ) la concobap mac aoba minmnij. 

Caiplen Hlilic DO bpipeab la peblimib ua concobaip. 

s Free of tribute. According to the Annals of O'Conor : "A. D. 1236. Bryen Mac Turlagh 
Kilronan, Felim was to receive rent and custom O'Connor was then established in the possession 
out of these five cantreds. Dr. O'Conor, in his of the five cantredes belonging to the King of 
suppressed work, Memoirs of the Life and Writ- Connaught, who preyed the provence and de- 
ings of Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, p. 41, states stroyed it, without respect to either spiritual! 
that Felim obtained a royal charter in the year or temporall land." 

1257, "granting to him, and to his heirs for Taken The Annals of Kilronan state that 

ever, free and peaceable dominion over five ba- O'Hoist remained inside the gate and closed it 

ronies, in as ample a manner as ever they were against the constable; and that thereupon the 

enjoyed by his ancestors." These five cantreds English fled to Claras Mac Mailin, who afforded 

would seem to have constituted the mensal them protection. The same account is also given 

lands of the Kings of Connaught from time im- in the Annals of Boyle, but totally falsified by 

memorial. According to the Annals of Clon- Ur. O'Conor. 

macnoise, Felim O'Conor was deprived of " the u Cliara, so called at the present day in Irish, 

King's five cantreds" in the year 1236, when but anglicised Clare Island. It is a eelc'Lrated 

they were given to Brian, the son of Terlagh island in Clew Bay, still belonging to the 

O'Connor." Thus, after describing the treache- O'Malleys, and containing the ruins of a castle 

rous but unsuccessful attempt of the Justiciary and monastery erected l>y that family See Map 

tu take Felim O'Conor prisoner, the following jirriixcd to (iri/fnliu/ii:*, Tr!l>ex, <nxl Cufttnits of 

observation is made on the character of Brian JI//-l''-ni-/irncfi, and Ordimmv .Map uf the County 



>. ANNALS OF TIIK KINfiDoM OF IKK!. AM) 

ment, or cattle, and the country without peace or tranquillity, the Gaels [Irish] 
themselves plundering and destroying one another. The English, however, 
did not obtain hostages or pledges of submission on this expedition. 

Felim made peace with the Lord Justice; and they [the English] gave him 
the King's five cantreds, free of tribute' or rent 

The Rock of Lough Key was taken', twenty nights afterwards, by Cormac 
Mac Dermot. As the constable and a great number of his people had gone 
out, O'Hostin, one of his own people, closed the gate of the fortress, and after- 
wards gave it up to Cormac. The English were conveyed [recte fled] to 
Trinity Island, and afterwards conducted out of the country in security. [The 
fortress of] the Rock was afterwards razed and demolished by Cormac, in 
order that the English might not take it again. 

Donnell and Murtough, two sons of Murray O'Malley, were slain by Don- 
ncll, son of Manus, who was son of Murtough 0' Conor; and by Niall Roe, son 
of Cathal, son of Conor [recte O'Conor], in Cliara 11 , and were interred there. 

Tuathal, the son of Murtough O'Conor, was slain by Conor Boy, the son of 
Turlough O'Conor, and by Conor, the son of Hugh Muimhneach [O'Conor]. 

The Castle of Meelick" was demolished by Felim O'Conor. 

of Mayo, sheets 84, 85. Island, and they enter the death* of Gilk-an- 

- The Cattle ofMedick is near the Shannon, in Choimdedh O'Cuilin, Prepotitta of Inrola mmc 

the barony of Longford, and county of Galway. Nerin, and of the father of Clru Mac Mailin, 

Under this year (1235) the Dublin copy of Archdeacon of Elphin, in the following words : 

the Annals of Innisfallen contain the following " Gilla Coimdedh O'Cuilin, Prepotitut de 

notices of the transactions of Munster, which mac Nerin et Pater Gari Elfenetuu, 

liave been omitted by the Four Masters. ami, felieiter in Ckruto juieuit ; t 

" A. D. 1235. Teige Duvdedagh, the son of Sancte Trinitalit e* tepiiJtia die Saneti Fim*ini, 

Dermot of Dundronan, who was the son of eujtu anima requietcat in pact." The Editor 

Donnell More na Curadh Mac Carthy, was slain has not been able to determine satisfactorily of 

by Cormac Finn and Donnell God, the two sons what family this celebrated ecclesiastic, Clarus 

of Don... 11 More na Curadh Mac Carthy. Mac Mailin, was; but incline* to think that 

"'IV lii>h wore defeated by the English at he was a branch of the O'Mulconrys; for, in 

Tralee, in a conflict, in which Cormac, the son Mageoghegan's Annals of ClonmacnoUe, under 

of Cormac Finn, who was the son of Donnell the year 1260, he is called, " Claru* MAC Moy- 

More na Curadh Mac Carthy, Gasginach O'Dris- lyn O Moylchonrie," See note under that year, 

coll, ami Murtough, his brother, were slain." respecting the remoral of the canons of Trinity 

Under this year tin- Annals of Kilronan Island, in Lough Key, to Trinity Island, in 

record the death of Matheus, Prior of Trinity Lough Oughter, in Breifny. , 

2 o2 



284 ciNNdta Rio^hachca eiReawN. [1230. 

QO1S CR1OSC, 1236. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, oa ceo, cpioca, ape. 

ITlacpaic mac maoilin Sagapr cille ITlic cpeana [oecc]. 

Qo6 ua jibelldm Sagapc cille Pooain. 6a cananac e po Deoib in oilen 
na cpmoiDe Decc oibce noolac. 

Qn lupcip, .1. mac muipip Do rionol gall Gpeann na comne co har peo- 
painne. Cainic pfiblim mac carail cpoiboeipg l?f Connacc ip in comne 
hipin. Ipeab ba mfnmapc leo uile peall pop pemtim ge po baoi na caipoeap 
cpfopr 05 an lupcip, ~\ ba he pin pocann a ccionoil co haon maijin. lap bpiop 
pjeil i lap ppagbail paba6 Dpeiblimib po piacc ap in ccoinne uachab mapc- 
pluaij co popcomam. T?o leanao ap pen co opoicfc pliccije, i oo cuaib in 
ucc uf 6orhnaill, "| 6 nac puccpac paip DO ponpac cpeaca mopa ap rabj ua 
cconcobaip, i pucpac oeaj mna im&a i mbpoio -j i nDaofpe. Co pangarcap 
gup na 5abalaib pin leo 50 Dpuim njpeccpaije i maij luipcc, uaip ap ann 
baoi an lupcip pfin occa nupnaibe. ba mp nDol mic uilliam hi pa;raib DO 
ponab an comne hfpm. 

Sobaip an lupcip ) na goill lap pin Dia cnjib, i po pajaib poplarhup an 
ripe 05 bpian mac coippbealbaij. 

Cpeaca mopa Do benarh la bpian ~\ la hampaib an lupcip ap macaib 
aoba mic carail cpoibbeipj, -\ ap pocaibib oile Do mumnp peiblimib. Cpea- 
ca eile Do benarh la macaib aoba ap jjallaib ~\ ap a nfpccaipDib 50010- 
ealoa co po loicfb an cfp eacoppa imapeac amne. 

Concobap mac aoba muimnij Do mapbaoh la majjnap mac muipceap- 
rai^h uf concobhaip. 

TTlaolmuipe ua laccnain DO roja in eppcopoiDe cuama, "| a bul i pa;raib, 

1 Kilmactranny, Cill mic Cpeana Charles west of the county of Hoseommon. 

O'Conor adds: i ccip Oiliollu; but the Editor ' Ath-fearainne, now Aieoran, a townland on 

does not think it proper to give it in the text. the east side of the River Suek, in the parish of 

Kilmactranny is a vicarage in the diocese of El- Taghboy, barony of Atlilom 1 , and county of 

phin, situated in the barony of Tirerrill, in the Koscoinmon. See Tribet and Custom* of Hy- 

county of Sligo. Many, printed for the Irish Archaeological So- 

' Kilrodan, Cill Rooain, an old church in ciety in 1842, p. 115, where the situation of 

the parish of Tibohine, or Airteach, in the north- this pluee is distinctly pointed out in a 






ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OF IKKI.AM). 285 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1236. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-six. 

Ma^nith Mac, Mailin, Priest of Kilmactranny", died. 

I high O'Gibellan, Priest of Kilrodan", and finally canon on Trinity Island, 
(I ifd on the Christmas night. 

The Lord Justice of Ireland, .Mac Maurice, summoned the English ul 
Ireland to meet him at Ath-feorainne 1 , at which meeting Felim, the son <>f 
( athal Crovderg O'Conor, was present. They all yearned to act treacherou-ly 
inwards Felim, although he was the gossip* of the Lord Justice; and this >v:i- 
the reason that the meeting had been called. Felim having received intelli- 
gence and forewarning of their design, departed from the assembly ; and, 
attended by a few horsemen, proceeded to Roscommon. He was pursued 
[thither and] as far as the bridge of Sligo ; he fled to O'Donnell for protection 
A- they did not overtake him they committed great acts of plunder upon Teige 
O'Conor, and carried away many respectable women into captivity and 
bondage ; they then proceeded to Druim Gregruighe in Moylurg, when- 
the Lord Justice awaited their return. The meeting above mentioned was 
(ailed immediately after the departure of [Richard], the son of William Burke, 
for England. 

After this the Lord Justice and the English returned home, leaving the 
government of the country to Brian, the son of Turlough [O'Conor]. 

Great depredations were committed by [this] Brian and the soldiers of tin- 
Lord Justice on the sons of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, and others of tin- 
people of Felim. The sons of Hugh committed other depredations among Un- 
English and their own Irish enemies; so that the country was destroyed 
liftNveen both parties. 

Conor, the son of Hugh Muiinhneach, was slain by Manus. the -<>n <>l 
Murtough O'Conor. 

Mulimirry (VLaghtnan was appointed to the bishopric of Tuam, and went 

tion from a irnint. in lt>!2, to Captain Colla He wa uponsor or godfather to one of In- 

( t'Kclly. children. C6ipoar cptor* is till the common 

->/>, 5<? P buoi MCI caipoeap cptorr term used in I reland to denote gwfip or sponsor. 



286 aNNdtci Rioghachca eiReawN. [123!>. 

1 jpaDa DO cabaipt? poip cpia pcpibfnnaib comapba pfcaip, ~\ cpia corhaonca 
pfjj Sa;can. 

TTlac uilbam DO euibece a pa;raib, -| ni pfp ceap cucc i euochaib pa po 
pic no po eipie. 

peblimib mac cacail cpoibbeipg DO roce i cconnaceaib Dopibipi lap nd 
cocuipeab Do Dpuinj Do connaccaib .1. ua ceallaij ua plainD mec aoba mic 
cacail cpoibDeips, ] mac aipc uf maoilpeaclainn 50 pabacap uile cfirpe 
caca commopa i po lonnpaijpfc laporh co pim> Duin aipm i mbaDap bu an 
cfpe uile 05 bpian mac coippbealbaij, -| 05 eojan ua fibm, i 05 concobap 
buibe mac coippbealbaij, ~\ 05 mac goipoelb. Ranjaoap cpa mumcip peo- 
limib cap Dunclab ~\ cap oainjean clapaij an oilen, ~\ po cuip jac cfnD ploij, 
1 506 caofpioc buibne Dib a ppolapcnaib Do na buaib peampa arhail po 
jebccfp ap a cconaip iao ap a ccinD. 17o pgaoilpfc mumcip peblimib ap na 
heDalaib co na po aipip ina pocaip .Dona ceirpib cacaib accmab aon 
cfcpap mapcac namci. 

OD connaipc bpian mac coippbealbaij ~\ eojan ua heibin cona pocpaiDe 
mumcip peblimib 50 hfpppaofce la a neDalaib, Do eipjfoap 50 harlam epjaib 
uachab mapcpluaij -\ ampab lomba Do paijib uf concobaip cona uarab 
muincipe, nf po aipij concobap buibe mac coippbealbaij ni conup capla i 
ccfnn mac naoba mic carail cpoibDeipj i piocc a muincipe pfm, ~\ po cuic- 
piorh la puaibpi mac aooa mic cacail cpoiboeipj. 

l?o meabaib pop juc peblimib (an aipopij) occ popcab ~| occ lompuipeacli 
a muincipe 6 a neDalaib ppi hiombualab a najaib a mbiobbab. l?o mapbab 
pochaibe lomba Don cpluaij la peolimib cona mumcip ip in maibm pin ip in 
oilen -\ alia muijDon oilen DO macaib mallacc, i Do luce Denma uile ace 

b Mac William. In the Annals of Kilronan sion ; they abandoned their lord, their guaran- 

it is stated that he did not do much good for tee, and their valour, for the spoils which they 

Ireland by his journey to England. met. They left their lord and king, attended 

e Rindoten, pinn bum See note x , under the only by four horsemen out of the four batta- 

year 1199, p. 120. lions which he brought with him, so that the 

d Dispersed with their spoils The Annals of king strained his voice calling them back." 
Kilronan, which describe this attack on Rin- Foot- soldiers, ampaiB. The Annals of Kil- 

down more fully, have the following remark on ronan call them peppenui^, i. e. archers. 

the conduct of Felitn's people on this occasion : f He fell by him This is very lamely ex- 

" Lamentable was their conduct on this occa- pressed by the Four Masters, who appear to 



1236.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IUKI.AND. 

to England, where he was consecrated, after having received tin- I'o|n-' li- tiers, 
by consent of the King of England. 

M ic \Villiam b returned from England, but whether with JH-UCI- or with war 
was unknown. 

I'Vlim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, returned to Connauglit, having ! 
invited thither by some of the Connacians, namely, by O'Kelly, O'Flyim, tin- 
>on of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and the son of Art 
< ) Mclaghlin; all forming four equally strong battalions. They marched to 
Uindown', where Brian, the son of Turlough, Owen O'Heyne, Conor Hoy, son 
of Turlough, and Mac Costello, had all the cows of the country. Frlim'> 
people passed over the ramparts and ditches of the island [reck peninsula], 
and every chief of a band and head of a troop among them drove off a propor- 
tionate number of the cows, as they found them on the way before them ; after 
which they dispersed, carrying off their booty, in different directions, and of 
the four battalions, leaving only four horsemen with Felim. 

When Brian, the son of Turlough, Owen O'Heyne, anil tlu-ir forces, 
observed that Felim's people were dispersed with their spoils", they set oil 
actively and quickly with a small party of horse and many foot-soldiers' to 
attack Felim and his few men. Conor Boy, son of Turlough, did not pero 
his situation until he came up with Rory, son of Hugh, son of Cathul Crovderg, 
and, mistaking him for one of his own people, he fell by him'. 

Felim (the King) strained his voice calling after his army, and commanding 
them to abandon the spoils and rally to light their enemies. Many of tli. 
[enemy's] forces were killed in this rencounter by Felim and his people. itjxm 
the island and outside the island; all excommunicated persons* and do- i 



left the sentence unfinished. It IB better rai^Olic Oiopmaou namti." 

I..1.1 iu the Annals of Kilronan, but it would The Annals of Clonmacnoise, at translated l.y 

^w.-ll this work to too great a size to notice dif- Mageoghegan, describe Felim's atUck -n Kin- 

i, r, , , s ,.f this kind. down M follows : " A. D. 1236. Felym O'Connor 

Excommunicated jx-rtont, macuio mullace, with an army came to Connoght again, and 

lit.-rally, ton* ofeur**.ln the AnnaU of Kil- inarched on untill he came to John's botMe, 

ronan, the reading is : " Ro mapoao pocaibe took all the spoiles of tb town and inlands 

t>on erludj ip m oiWn 7 ullamo.j oon oilen oo thereof, and left nothing that they cou'd take 

txio.mli m.illuisre comn.ol-ouicce i r in maiom or see from the door of the Castle foorth : Fe- 

PM. uOc nvio C 6c mac copmaic mic ComaU lym'scamp lay at the markctt crotwof the t...,: 



288 cmNara Rio^hachca emeciNN. 

ma6 cafr5 mac copbmaic mic comalcaij mic Diapmara nama. Oo cualam 
rpa mac uilliam an maibm pin Do cabaipc ap gac aon Dap lompoiD paip, po 
eipij la liua concobaip Dia ccfnnpucchaD. Do chuaib Dana DiapmaiD mac 
majjnupa lap na cluinpm pin Dionnpoijib majnupa mic muipceapcaij uf 
concobaip. 

Uamj lapam mac inlliam jan pabao jan pacuccaD 50 cuaim Da jualann, 
ap pme 50 maijj eo na pa;ran, ~| nf po pdg^am cpuac na cliab apba i pelic 
moip maije eo na hi pelic cfmpaill rrnchil apcaingil, ] cucpac cficpi picic 
cliab ap na ceamplaib pfipin. UangaDap na 6eaDhai6 co cuplac, ] cucpar 
an Diac ceDna paip. Oo cinppfc Dana plua^ Do cpeachab muiricipe Diap- 
maDa mic majmipa, i DO pala muinnp concobaip puaiD, -| cuploca Doib, ~\ 
po aipgpfc na pluaij pin iaD uile hi crpecomnpc a cele. l?o beigCn Din Do 
ma^nup mumcip DiapmaDa DO ofochup j Dionnapban nana. Oo chuam 
concobap puaD apabapac hi cech mic uilliam, -| Do pome pfc ppip, ~] puaip 
aipeac a cpece Dona buaib cpiap po haipjeaD, "] an po arinpfc luce na cille 
Dia ccpub Do paDaD Doib Dopibipe. Oo DeachaiD beop DiapmaiD mac maj;- 
nupa hi cceach jail cap cfnn a bo, ~\ a mumcipe Doneoc po pagbab occa. 
Luib mac uilliam co balla, i po bof oiDce ann, Do chuaiD aip pfbe co 
cuaim Da jualann, i po pagaib coicceaD connacc gan pic na paime gan bian 
i ccill na hi ccuaic innce. 

Cteb ua plaicbeapcaij cijeapna mpcaip Connacc Decc. 

OiapmaiD mac neill uf Ruaipc Do DallaD la coinconnacc ua Rajallaij;. 

Cacal piabac mac 5iolla bpuDe uf Ruaipc ci jeapna ua mbpiuin Do ecc. 

manj- of the meaner sort of Felym's people were height, in good preservation. 

drownded in the puddle of that town ; he left k Balla, situated near the boundary between 

[behind] much of the small cattle of the said prey." the baronies of Carra and Clanmorris, in the 

h Went over to, cuaib oionnpoi^io. This county Mayo; it is a fair-town and a vk-a- 

phrase simply means to go to, or towards. In rage in the diocese of Tuam. It contains the 

the Annals of Kilronan the phrase used is, ruins of an ancient church and round tower, 

came a nucc; which means that Dertnot re- ' Within it This account of the desolation 

paired to Manus for protection. of the province of Connaught is given much 

1 Turlagk, now Turlagh, situated in the ba- better in the Annals of Kilronan. They state 

rony of Carra, and county of Mayo. It is a fair- that on this occasion the people of Brian, the 

town and a rectory, in the diocese of Tuam, son of Turlough O'Conor, burned the church of 

where there is a round tower of considerable Imlagh Brocadha over the head of O'FlynnV 



ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OK I UK LAND. _'-, i 

evil, excepting only 'IVi.uv, son of Cormar. who was son of Toraaltagh Mac 
Dcrmot. As soon as Mac William learned how O'Conor had defeated all who 
had turned against him, ho joined him to reduce them. Dermot, the son of 
Manus, upon licarinir this, went over to" Manus, the son of Murtough O'Conor. 

After i William proceeded toTuam da ghualann, without notic 

tun; warning, and thence to Mayo of the Saxons, and left neither rick nor 
basket of corn in the large churchyard of Mayo, or in the yard of tin- 
i ] uirch of St Michael the Archangel, and carried away eighty baskets out of 
the churches themselves. They afterwards went to Turlagh 1 , on which they 
indicted a similar calamity. They then sent a body of men to plunder the 
people of Dermot, the son of Manus, and these falling in with the people of 
Conor Roe, and the inhabitants of Turlagh, they plundered them all indiscri- 
minately ; and Manus was compelled to expel and banish Dermot's people 
from him. On the following day Conor Roe went into Mac William's house, 
made peace with him, and received a restoration of the prey of cows which 
had been taken from him ; and such part of their cattle as the people of the 
church [of Turlagh] were able to recognize as their own was restored to them. 
Dermot, the son of Manus, also went into the house of [i. e. submitted to] the 
English, that they might spare such of his people and cattle as were then 
remaining with him. Mac William proceeded to Balla k , where he stopped for 
one night, and went thence to Tuam da ghualann. He left the province of 
Connaught without peace or tranquillity, and without food in any church or 
territory within it 1 . 

Hugh O'Flaherty, Lord of West Connaught, died. 

Dermot, the son of 'Niall O'Rourke, was deprived of sight by Cuconnaught" 
O'Reilly. 

Cathal Reagh, son of Gilla-Brude O'Rourke, Lord of Hy-Briuin, died. 

people, while it was full of women, children, compounded, as Cu Ulub, the hero of Ulfter, 

and nuns, and had also three priests within it ; name translated eanit Ultonitf, by the compiler o 

and that Tearmann Caoluinne was also burned the Annal. of Ulster; Co ro.be, the hero o 

by the Lord Justice, Meath ; Cu luacpo, the hero o 

Cc n U -;A/.-Charles O'Conor, of Belana- muthcm, the hero of Munster; C 

garc, anglicises this name Constantine. Cu co- hero of Sliere Bloom ; C 

nacc signifies the hero, or literally, dog of Con- Cashel. 
naught. There are several names of men similarly 

2P 



290 aNNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReanN. [1237. 

pleochaD mop, Domeann, i coccab Deaprhaip ip in mblianampi. 

Tllaiom cluana caca Do cabaipc la pe6limi6 ua cconcobaip ap cloinn 
Ruaibpi, 1 ap concobap mac copbmaic meic Diapmaoa. 

^lolla pacpatc mac giollapoio ajeapna cenel aonjupa oecc. 

Ufpmann caelainne Do lopccaD lap an lupcip. 

SloiccheaD la hUa nDomnaill (oomnall mop) in Ullcoib co hiubap chinn 
choiche t>ap mill gac ci'p gup a painicc, i Da ppuaip geill ~\ umla o upmop 
ula6. 

dOlS CPIOSO, 1237. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceo, cpiocac, apeacc. 

T^omap ua pua6am eppcop luijne [DCCC]. 

^)iollafpu mac an pcelaiji uf copmais eppcop Conmaicne [oecc]. 

J^iolla na necc ua mannacmn Decc i mainipcip na biiille. 

Sluaijeao la peblimm mac cacail cpoibDeipg cona bpairpib hi cconnach- 
caib. Cuconnacr ua TJajallaij con ufb bpiuin uile, -\ caral mag Rajnaill 
50 cconmaicniB immaille ppip DionnpoijiD pleacca 17uai6pi .1. bpian mac 
coippbealbaij, ITluipceapcac -\ Domnall meic DiapmaDa mic I?uai6pi, ~\ 
concobap mac copbmaic meic Diapmaoa. Do oeacaDap cap coipppbab na 
pfjpa bub ruaic mDDeaohaiD pleacca puaiDpi co pangaoap Dpuim paicce, -| 
oo cuippioc pliocc RuaiDp ampa an lupcip (baccap ina bpappab) DO cabaipc 

n Heavy rains. The Annals of Kilronan give county of Down, which is now called in Irii-h 

a horrible account of the weather, wars, dis- lubhar Chinn Tragha. See Battle ofMni/li Ruth, 

tresses, and crimes of this year. printed for the Irish Archaeological Society in 

Cluain CaUia, now Battlefield, a townland 1842, p. 276, note c . Under this year (1236) 

and gentleman's seat in the barony of Corran, the Annals of Clonmacnoise, as translated by 

and county of Sligo, about four miles southwards Mageoghegan, record the death of Hugh O'Ma- 

of Ballymote. lone, Bishop of Clonmacnoise, in the abbey of 

v TearmonnCadlainne. The Annals of Kilro- Kilbeggan. They also record the erection of 
nan state that this act was committed by the the castle of Loughreagh by Mac William Burk, 
L/ord Justice, when he went to Connaught to and of the castle of Ardrahan by the Lord De- 
assist the son of William Burke. For the situa- puty Mac Maurice ; also of the castle ofUllin 
tion of Tennonn Caelainne see note b , under the Wonajrh, but without mentioning by whom, 
year 1225, p. 238. Acording to the Annals of Kilronan, the CUM If 

q lubhar Chinn Choiche. This is the more of Muillu Uunach was erected by the Justiciary 

ancient name of the town of Newry, in the Mac Maurice [Fitzgerald] after Felira O'Conor 



1237-] ANNALS OF Till! KINGDOM OF IRELAND. _>! 

Heavy rains", harsh weather, and much war prevailed in this year. 

The victory of Cluain Catha c was gained l>y Frlim O'Conor, over the 
of Rodcric, and Conor, the son of Oormac Mac Dermot 

Gillapatrick Mac Gillaroid, Lord of Kinel-Aengusa, died. 

Tearmonn Caollainne p was burned by the Lord Justice, 

< >'I)oiim-ll( Donncll More) marched with an army to lubharChinn Clioichf" 
in Ulidia, and destroyed every territory through which he passed : he also 
obtained hostages and submission from most of the Ulidians. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1237. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundrxl thirty-seven 

Thomas 0' Rowan, Bishop of Leyny', [died]. 

Gilla-Isa Mac-an-Skealy O'Tormy, Bishop of Conmaicne [Ardagh], died. 

Gilla-na-necc* O'Monahan died in the monastery of Boyle. 

An army was led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg [O'Conor], and his 
brothers, into Connaught, being joined by Cuconnaught O'Reilly, with all the 
Ily-IJriuin, and by Cathal Mac Randal, with the ConmaicnP, against the 
drsrnulants of Roderic, namely, Brian, son of Turlough, Murtoogli, and 
Doiincll, sons of Dermot, who was son of Roderic, and Conor, son of Cormac, 
\\lio was son of Dermot. They went northwards across Coirrshliabh-na- 
Seaghsa", until they arrived at Drumraitte", in pursuit of the race of Roderic. 
The descendants of Roderic sent the soldiers of the Lord Justice, who were 

had fled to O'Donnell, and while the son of neach, i.e. the yomtkof fa karte*. 
William Burke was in England. The Annals ' Conmaicni, L e. the Conmaicni of Moy-I 

of Kilronan record, under this year, the killing who possessed the southern part of the county 

,.f M.'laghlin O'Malley by Donnell, son of Manus of Leitrim. See note ', under the yer 1215, 

who was the son of Murtough Muinihueach p. 186. 

O'Conor, on the island of Oilen da Chruinde, CoirrMiabh^a-Seagkta. This u 

which is a small island near Rinvile, in the ba- name of the Curlieu mountains, situate* 

rony of Ballinahinch, in the north-west of the north of Boyle, in the county of Boscommon. 
county of Galway. " Drumraitle, now Drumrat, a pariah in the 

/*/,,> of Leyny, i. e. of Achonry. barony of Corran, and oounty of Sligo, situated 

GiUa-H-*ecc. In the Annals of Kilronan to the north of the Curlieu mountains. . 
the name is written more correctly, 5'^ a na . 



2j/2 QNNaca Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [1237. 

oeabca Dpeblimib cona pocpaioe. Ro popcongaip peblimib popa plojjaib 
gan a nDiubpacab icip ace cocc Dia niombualab gan puipeac. Oo ponat> 
paippiom pin, ni po puilngfccap na hampa 50 cian an lomcuap^am an can po 
ppaofneab poppa i ccfnn a muincipe. T?o mapbab Dpong mop Diob nn ITlac 
mibpicc Don cup pin. 

Oo conncaccap plicc Ruaibpi an pcaoileab ~\ an pcainDpeab cujjab pop 
a pocpaioe, po lomjabpac an cionab a mbaccap jan aofnneac Do mapbab 
ofb. Oo pcaoilpfc a liaicle an mabma pin cona baof aiccpeabh hi pfol 
inuipeabaij leo. Ro haipcceab a muinnp uile la peblimib, ~\ Do ponab 
cpeaca lomba ap concobap mac copbmaic hi ccip nailealla. RuccupDap 
lapom a loinjfp pop loc ce, ~[ po biocuip De copbmac mac DiapmaDa ajeapna 
maije luipg, -| po aipc.c ma^ luipcc uile. paccbam Dana, cijeapnup an 
cfpe i an loca 05 Donnchab mac muipcfpcaij luarpui'li^. 

Sir Do benarh Don lupcip pe peblimib, ~] cuccab cuig cpiuca an pi'gh 
boporh jan cpob jan ciop onpa. ( Vide supm, 1230). 

TTlajnup mac DiapmaDa mic majjnupa DO mapbab la Domnall mac Diap- 
maDa mic TCuaibpi uf concobaip. 

TTluipceapcac mac DiapmaDa mic Ruaibpi uf concobaip Do mapbab la 
mac majnupa mic muipceapcaij muimmj. 

Cpeac DO Denarh la Concobaip mac copbmaic pop Ruaibpi ua njabpa, 
-] bpacaip 17uaibpi Do mapbab. 

bpaijDe Concobaip mic copbmaic Do mapbab la peblimib mac cacail 
cpoibDeipg. 

Tllainipcip cananac Do cionnpcnab la clapup mac mailin in oilen na 
cpmoiDe ap loc uaccaip tap na corhaipleaccab bo 6 cacal ua Rajallaij. 

x Mac Mibric. This name is still extant in Lough Key and Lough Arvagh [Lough Arrow], 

the county of Mayo, but always anglicised Mer- on this occasion. 

rick. This family, which is of Welsh extraction, * Free of cattle-tribute or rent. This is'scai ctdy 

was seated in the valley of Glenhest, to the west true ; for it appears, from an entry on a great 

of Glen-Nephin, in the county of Mayo See roll of the Pipe, of the forty-sixth year of Henry 

Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Flack- III., A. D. 1262, that Ffuthclmus O'Konedu.r 

rack, published by the Irish Archaeological So- owed 5000 marks and 2000 cows, for ha\ -inir 

ciety in 1844, pp. 331, 332, 401. three cantreds of land in Connaught in liv- 

i Lough Key. The Annals of Clonmacnoise farm. viz.. the oantreds of Machney fma nooi], 

state that Felim O'Conor took possession of Tyrtotha [cpf rwtrci], and Moylurg Sue 



1237.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKLAND. -J.H 

along with them, to give battle to Felim and his forces. 1-Vlim, however, 
ordered his troops not to shoot at them at all, but to come to a close fight 
without delay. This was done according to his order ; and the soldiers did 
not long sustain the charge, when they were routed towards their people. A 
L'lvat mimber of them were slain, and, among the rest, Mac Mibric*. 

\Y hen the descendants of Roderic saw the flight and confusion into which 
thoir forces were thrown, they retreated from their position without the loss 
of a man. After this defeat, however, they were dispersed in such a manner 
that they had no residence in [the territory of] Sil-Murray. All their people 
we re plundered by Felim, and many preys were taken from Conor, son of 
Cormac, in Tirerrill. They [Felim's party] afterwards brought their fleet on 
Lough Key r , and drove from thence Cormac Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg, 
and plundered all Moylurg ; and the lordship of the territory and lake they 
gave to Donough, the son of Murtough Luath-Shuileach. 

The Lord Justice made peace with Felim; and the five cantreds of tin- 
King were given him [Felim], free of cattle-tribute, or rent 1 . ( Vide 
1230.) 

Manns, son of Dennot, who was son of Man us, was slain by Donnell, 
of Dermott, who was son of Roderic O'Conor. 

Murtough, son pf Dermott, who was son of Roderic, was slain by the son 
of Maims, son of Murtough Muimhneach [O'Conor]. 

A prey was taken by Conor, son of Cormac, from Rory O'Gara, and R< 
brother was slain. 

The hostages of Conor, the son of Cormac, were put to death by Fclim. 
son of Cathal Crovderg. 

A monastery for canons was commenced by Clarus Mac Mailin, on Trinity 
Island* in Louj^li t highter, under the patronage of Cathal O'Reilly. 



I lurdiman's History of Galway, p. 48, note *. and 1 1 perches, English measure. According to 

Trinity fulan-/ in /.>,,i,,t, Ouyhter. This island Ware this monastery was founded in the year 

is in the upper or southern part of Lough Ough- 1249 See Harris's edition of his Antiquitiw, 

ti-r, and belongs to the parish of Kilmore, in the p. 272. 

i L.mghtcc, and county of Cavan. Under this year (1237) the Am 

See Ordnance Map of tins ,-,-unty, sheet 20, nan and of Clonmacnoise record the death of 

..M which Trinity Abbey and grave-yard are nat O'Fidhubhra, called in the latter O'Furir. 

sli.-wn. The island contains 122 acres, 2 roods, Archbishop of Armagh. 





2<j4 cwNata Rio^hachca eiReciNN. [1238. 

6apuin na hepeann Do cocc i cconnaccaib, -| caiplem Do cinnpcfcal Doib 
DO benam ir.nce. 

QO1S CR1OSC, 1238. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da cheD, cpiocac, a hochc. 

Peli;c ua Ruanaba aipDeppcop cuama lap ccop a eppcoboioe De ap bia 
piap an can pin, ~| mp ngabdil liabice mancfppa ime hi call muipe in arcliar 
065. 

Donncha6 uaicneac mac aoba mic Ruaibpi uf concobaip DO mapbab la 
cabj mac aoba mic carail cpoibbeipj. 

Oonnchab mac Duapcain uf fjpa njeapna luijne Do gabdil let cabg mac 
aoba mic carail cpoibbeipg, -] an can pugab Dia coimeo e po mapbpac a 
bpaicpe bubbein, .1. meic aoba uf fjpa ap an plijib a ccfp bpium na pionna. 

plaicbeapcac mac Cacmaofl apDcaofpeac cenel pfpabaij, ~| coipeac 
clomne Congail, i 6 ccfnnpoDa i ccfp manac, peije jaipccib ~| einij cfpe 
heojain Do rhapbab la Donnchab mac cacrhaoil la a bpacaip pfin cpia r 
nacc. 

Oonnchab mac muipceapcaij DO bol ip in mbpeipne 50 hua 
1 T U 5 r^ ua S m "P ^ a T ' cconnaccaib, ~\ po aipccpfc mumcip cluana coippri, 
1 po mapbab pochaibe Do rhaifib mumcipe heolaip hi ccopaijeacc na cpece 
pin, i Dpong mop Dona cuachaib. 

TTlaolpuanaib mac Donnchaba ui buboa Do mapbab la maulpeaclamn 

b Under this year the Annals of Kilronan resigned in the year 1235, he spent the remain- 
state, that Donough, the son of Murtough der of his life in St. Mary's Abbey, near Dublin, 
O'Conor, granted the lands of Drumann iarthar, where he died in the year 1238. It is stated in 
and the tract extending from Lathach Cille the annals of this abbey, that he covered the 
Braoin to the lake [Lough Key], both wood, church and belfry of the Blessed Virgin, near 
bog, and plain, to the congregation of the Holy Dublin, with lead ; and that he was magnificently 
Trinity of Lough Key, and to Clarus Mac Mailin, interred in the chancel of the church, at the 
and that he reigned but one month after making steps of the ultar, on the left hand side. 
this grant. d Clnnin ( 'uirjitlti. In the Feilire Aenguis, at 

c Felix O'Jiooney In Harris's edition of the 15th of February, this place is described as 
Ware's Bishops, p. 605, in which he is called i noicpiti cenel oobca i connaccaib, i. e. "in 
Felix O'Ruadan, it is stated that he was the the desert or wilderness of Kinel-Dofa, in Con- 
uncle of King Koderic O'Conor, and that having naught" For some account of this place, see 
f 



12VS.] ANNALS OF T11K KINGDOM OF IKKLAM) ->c, 

Tlie barons of Ireland went to Connaught, and commenced erecting castles 

there". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1238. 

The Age of CJirist, one thousand two hundred tbirti/->'i.jht. 

Fdix O'Rooney c , Archbishop of Tuam, after having some time bei'oiv 
resigned his bishopric for the sake of God, and after having assumed the 
monastic habit in Kilmurry [Mary's Abbey], in Dublin, died. 

Donough Uaithneach, son of Hugh, who was son of Roderic O'Conor, was 
slain by Teige, son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg. 

Donough, son of Duarcan O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, was taken prisoner by 
Teige, the son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg; and, while on \\\< 
way to the place of confinement, he was killed in Hy-Briuin-na-Sinna, by his 
own kinsmen, namely, the sons of Hugh O'Hara. 

Flaherty Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry, and Clann-Congail, and of 
1 Iy-Kennoda in Fermanagh, the most illustrious in Tyrone for feats of arms 
and hospitality, was treacherously- slain by Donough Mac Cawell, his own 
kinsman. 

Donough, son of Murtough [Mac Dermot], went into Breifny to O'Reilly, 
and Brought a great force with him into Connaught, and plundered the people 
of Cluain-Coirpthi"; and many of the chiefs of Muintir-Eolais' were slain in 
pursuit of the prey which had been taken in the country, as were also a great 
number of [inhabitants of] the Tuathas. 

Mulrony, the son of Donough O'Dowda, was slain by Melaghlin, the son <! 

C..IK i .^anetorum, at the 15th February, parish of Tennonbarry, iu O'llanly's country, 
and the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerye, at the near the Shannon. The ruin, of several churches 
same day. St Berach, or Barry, the original are still to be seen there, and there was a round 
tnuii.l, T.I I 'this rhurrh.ilouris.hed about the year tower standing near one of them in the memory 
580. 1 -ituation of Cluain Cnirpthi', whichhas of some old persons, with whom the Editor con- 
mistaken by Archdall, and even by the accu- versed in the year 1837, when he Yuited thi- 
rutc' Dr. Lanigan (see his Ecclesiastical History, celebrated locality. 

v,,l. ii. ],. liJ.-,), is still well known to the natives JIuintir-Eolait Th O'Ferralls were called 

, ,f Kin, .1-1). .Hi, in the county of Roscoramon. It Muintir Anghaile ; the Mac Banals Muintir 

w oilli-tl KLlbarry, and is situattjU in the Eolais. 



290 



[1231). 



mac concobaip |iuai6 mic muipceapcaij muirhmj, ~\ la mac njeapnnin mic 
cacail miccapam uf concobaip. 

Caiplena Do Denam hi mumnp mupchaba hi cconmaicne cuile, -\ a ccfpa 
lap na bapiinaib perhpdice. 

SluaijeaD Id mac muipip lupcfp na hepeann, i Id hujo De laci mpla 
ulab hi ccenel eojain -] hi ccenel conaill. 17o airpijffc mag laclamn 
(.1. Domnall) -\ cucpac cijeapnup cenel eojain DO mac uf neill, -\ po gabpac 
pfm bpaijDe an cuaipcipc. 

Cloicceac eanaij Dum Do Denam. 

Cacal mag piabaij caoipeac peap pceDne Decc. 

QO13 C171OSO, 1239. 
Qoip Cpiopr, mile, Da ceD, cpiocac, anaof. 

TDuipcfpcac mac Oomnaill ui bpiaiam Do ecc. 

Cac caipn cpiaDail Do cabaipc la Domnall maj laclamn Du in po mapba6 
Domnall carhnaije ua neill, maj macjamna, Somaiple ua jaipmleabaij, 
caoc bfpnaip ua gaipmleaDaij, i maice cenel moain 50 pochaiDib iom6a 



f Muintir Murchadha This was the tribe 

name of the O'Flahertys, and it became also 
that of the territory which they possessed, and 
which, before the English invasion, was nearly 
co-extensive with the barony of Clare, in the 
county of Galway. In an Inquisition taken at 
Gal way, on the 20th of March, 1608, before 
Geffry Osbaldston, Esq., this territory is called 
Muinter-murroghoe, and described as forming 
the northern part of the barony of Clare, then a 
part of Clanrickard. The O'Flahertys seem to 
have been driven from this territory in the year 
1238, or very soon afterwards, when they settled 
in that part of the county of Galway lying west 
of Lough Orbsen, where they became as power- 
ful as ever they had been in their more original 
territory of Muintir Murchadha. 

Tlie ton of O'Neill. Charles O'Conor writes 
inter linea-s, .1. oo 6lipian, L e. to Brian. 



h Cloictheach is the Irish name by which the 
round towers of Ireland are still known in their 
respective localities, as cloijceac cille ptj, in 
the county Kilkenny ; cloicreac cluana Urha, 
Cloyne steeple. See O'Brien's Dictionary, in 
wee cloijreac and cuilceac. In some parts of 
Ireland the word is made cuilcceac by metathesis, 
and in others clojjap is the form used to express 
steeple or round tower. O'Brien gives cloig- 
tfieach and cuilceach as denoting a steeple or 
belfry ; and clogas as a belfry or steeple. O'Reilly 
also gives both forms of the term. See Petrie's 
Inquiry into the Origin and Uses of the GoUnd 
Towers of Ireland, p. 390. 

' Annadoten, 6anac ouin A townland, con- 
taining the ruins of a monastery and several 
churches, near the margin of Lough Corrib, in 
the barony of Clare and county of Galway. 

k Mac Reevy, tncij piubcu j, now generally an- 



1231).] ANNALS OK TIIK KFXCDoM OK IIIKI.AND. 

Conor Roc, who was son of Murtough Muimhncach, and by the son of Tiernan, 
who was son of Cathal Miccarain O'Conor. 

Castles were erected in Muintir-Murchadha', in Conmaicne-Cuile, and in 
Carra, by the barons aforesaid. 

An army was led by Mac Maurice, Lord Justice of Ireland, and Hugo de 
Lacy, Earl of Ulster, into Tyrone and Tirconnell. They deposed Mac Loughlin 
(Donnell), and gave the government -of Tyrone to the son of O'Neill*, and they 
themselves obtained the hostages of the north. 

The Cloictheach" of Annadown 1 was erected. 

Cathal Mac Reevy", Lord of Feara-Scedne 1 , died". 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1239. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred thirty-nine. 

Murtough, the son of Donnell O'Brien, died. 

The battle of Caratee!" was fought by Donnell Mac Loughlin. where 
Donnell Tamnaighe . O'Neill, Mac Mahon, Sorley O'Gormly, and Caech- 

glicised Mac Creevy, or M'Greevy. no notice : " A. D. 1238. Mac Gille Morie, a 

1 Feara-Scedne. The situation of this tribe, to good chieftaine of Ulster, was killed by some of 

whom there is no other reference in the Irish the people of Hugh Delacie, Earle of Ulster, M 

annals, has not been determined. Duald Mac he was going to the Earle's house; whereupon 

Firbis, in his Genealogical Book (Lord Roden's Mac Donnsleyve, the King of Ulster's" [reel* 

copy, p. 783), gives a list of the families of the Uladh's, or Ulidia's] " son, Melaghlyn, Prince of 

Feara Sgenne, consisting of Mac Riabhaigh, as Kynell Owen, and all the Chieftains of Ulster, 

chief, and thirty-one other families ; but he doe* took armes and banished the said Earle of Ulster 

not inform us where they were located. O'Dug- out of the whole provence. The Earle of Ulster 

gan, in his Topographical Poem, makes Mac assembled together all the English of Ireland, 

Riabhaigh the ancient Chief of Moylurg, in the and went the second time to Ulster where be 

now county of Roscommon ; but we cannot be- possessed himself of all the lands again, in the 

lieve that he and his thirty-one families had any three months of harvest, and banished Melagh- 

powt-r in Moylurg at this period, unless as fol- lyn from thence into Connought. O'Xeale the 

lowers of the Mac Dermots, who were then its Read took the superioritie and principmlitie of 

chief lords. Tyre Owen afterwards." 

" Under this year(1238) the Annals of Clon- Carntetl, capn cr-Kioail, i. e. the C*rn of 

macnoise, as translate, 1 l,y Mageoghegan, contain Siadhail, Sheil, or Sedulius ; small village in 

the following passage, relating to the affairs of a parish of the same name, in the barony of 

Ulster, of wliicli the Four Masters have collected Dungannon, and county of Tyrone, a short dis- 

2Q 



awwaf-a wio^hachca eirceciNN. [1240. 

immailte ppiu, -\ po ab apfp an cijjeapnup, -\ po bfnab be jan puipeac Deip 
an mabma pin. 

Uoippbealbach mac puaibpi ui Concob'aip (Ri Connachc) oecc. 

pfpjal mac conconoacc uf pajallaij cijeapna Dapcpaije -| cloinne 
pfpmaije, -\ ci^eapna bpeipne 6 pliab paip, mab lap leabap oile, DO mapbab 
la maolpuanaib mac peapjjail ] la concobap mac copbmaic ap noula bo ap 
cpec 50 mac neill mic conjalaij Dia po-aipcc 100, ~\ Diap gab reaj oppa, -\ 
ramie TTluipcfpcac mac neill ap bpficip ap an cij amach. Po jjab'ab e, i 
po mapbab po cfcoip oeip mic ui TJajallaij Do mapbab. 

Cpeac Do benarh la sallaib Gpeann ap ua nDorhnaill jup po aipjpfc 
caipppi, ~\ po baof an lupcfp pfin occ fppoapa occa nupnaibe, i Do beacaoap 
a pipri 50 Dpuim cliab. 

Lapaippina mjfn cacail cpoibbepj bfn huf Domnaill DO rabaipr Ifcbaile 
Da peaponD popca .1. Rop 6ipn, Do clapup mac maoflfn, ~\ Do coimcionol 
candnac oilen na cpmoiDe ap loc ce in onoip na cpmoioe -| muipe. 

Copbmac mac aipc huf rhaofleaclainn 065. 



aois CRIOST:, 1240. 

Qoip Cpiopc, mfle, Da ceD, cfrpachac. 

TTlaineipceip DO chojbail i bpupclaip^e la Sip hujo pup pel Do bpaifpib 
.8. ppampeip. 

na naorh ua Dpeain aipcmneach apoa capna Do ecc. 



tance to the north-east of Aughnacloy, on the which it appears that the Mulrony and Conor 

road to Dungannon. here mentioned were sons of Cormac Mac Der- 

Caech-Bearnais, \. e. the blind man of Barnis. mot, Chief of Moylurg. 

' Mountain __ The mountain of Breifny means s Rosbirn The Down Survey shews a deno- 

Slieve-in-ierin. mination of land called Rossborne, near the 

q Congattagh. See an entry under the year mouth of the Ballysadare River, in the parish of 

1228, where this Niall, the son of Congalagh, is Kilmacowen, barony of Carbury, and county of 

called O'Rourke, and said to have been Lord of Sligo. This barony belonged, at this period, to 

Dartry and Clann-Fearmaighe. O'Donnell, who must have given this, and other 

r The ton of O'Reilly. This story, which is lands in its vicinity, as a tiiwcra, or dowry, to 

so briefly and imperfectly told, has been copied his will-, according to the old Irish custom. 

by the Four Masters from the Annals of Con- ' Cormac His death is noticed as follows in 

naught __ See entry under the year 1240, from Mageoghegan's translation of the- Annals of 



1240.] ANNALS OK TIIK K I \GDOM OF IRELAND. > n 

Bearnais O'Gormly, and the chiefs of Kind Moen, with many others, v. 
slain. Mac Loughlin reassumed the lordship after this battle, but was deprived 
of it without delay. 

Turlough, the son of Roderic O'Conor (King of Connaught), died. 

Farrell, the son of Cuconnaught "O'Reilly, Lord of Dartry and Clann- 
Fmnaighe, and, according to another book, Lord of Breifny, from the moun- 
tain 1 ' eastwards, was slain by Mulrony, son of Farrell, and Conor, son of Cormac 
[Mac Dermot], after he had gone on a predatory excursion to the son of Niall, 
the son of Congallagh 1 ' [O'Rourke], on which occasion he plundered them and 
took their house. Murtough, son of Niall, came out on parole, but was seized 
and killed, immediately after the son of O'Reilly' had been slain. 

A prey was taken by the English of Ireland from O'Donnell, and they 
plundered Carbury ; and the Lord Justice himself was awaiting them at Bally- 
sadare, and his scouts went as far as Drumcliff. 

Lasarina, daughter of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and the wife "of 
O'Donnell, gave a half townland of her marriage dowry, viz., Rosbirn', to 
Clarus Mac Mailin, and the Canons of Trinity Island, in Lough Key, in honour 
of the Trinity and the Virgin Mary. 

Cormac', the son of Art O'Melaghlin, died. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1240. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty. 

A monastery was founded at Waterford for Franciscan Friars by Sir Hugo 
Purcell. 

Gilla-na-naev O'Dreain, Erenagh of Ardcarne, died. 

Clomnacnoise: "A. D. 1238. Connac mac Art by the Four Masters: 

CTMelaghlyn, the prince that most annoyed and "A. D. 1238. Geffrye O'Dalie, an excellent 

hinder'd the English in his own time, and next poett, died in pilgrimage in Sruhir. 

successor of the Kingdome of Meath, if he had " Walter Dekcie repaired to the King of 

lived and were suffered by the English, died England. 

quietly in his bed, without fight or dissention, "The Earle of Ulster 1 , sonn ww killed l.y 

in Inis Dowgyn, upon the river of Sack." the Ulster men, and twenty-eight men in shirt* 

The same Annals contain the following pas- of mail with him." 
sages, under this year, which have been omitted 

2Q2 



SOD 



[1240. 



Sluaijeab mop Id comconnacc ua pajallaij pop copbmac mac noiap- 
maca co po aipcc an cfp uile co hapD capna, ~\ po mapu Daoine lomba i 
noiojail a meic, -| copbmac mac comalcaij DO airpfjaD, i Donnchab mac 
muipcfpcaij DO jabciil cijjeapnupa muie luipj. 

peblimiD ua concob'aip DO Ool Do laraip pi j pa;ran Do copaoiD jail -\ 
gaoibeal ppip, "1 puaip onoip mop on pi Don cup pin, i cainig plan Dia cij. 

Qo6 mac giolla na naom cpuimm uf Seacnupaij DO rhapbab la concobap 
mac aoba mic cacail cpoib'oeipj, -\ la piacpa ua ploinn. 

8a6b injean uf cemneiDij bfn oonnchaib caipbpij uf bpiain Oecc. 

TTlamepcip cighe TTlolaja hi ccaipppe ipm mumain in eppcopoioecc puip 
DO ponnpab Do cogbail Do bpairpib .8. Ppanpeip la TTlag capraij piabac 
njeapna caipppeach ] a cumba pein DO Denom hi ccopaiD na mbpacap. 
Qp mnce pop aDnaicrfp an bappach mop, -\ 6 TTlarjamna caipppeac, -\ 
bapun cuppach. 



u Felim C? Conor. In the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, as translated by Connell Mageoghegan, 
the notice of Felim O'Conor's appearance before 
the King of England is given as follows : 
" A. D. 1240. Felym O'Connor went into Eng- 
land, because the English of Ireland refused to 
yeald him any justice; the King graunted him 
the five cantreds, which himself had, and [he] 
returned in safety." 

Matthew Paris gives a curious account of the 
reception of Felim O'Conor at the English court, 
but he errs in giving John as the name of the 
De Burgo, against whom he lodged his com- 
plaints ; for it does not appear from any trust- 
worthy document, nor any authority whatever, 
except Matthew Paris himself, and Dr. Hanmer, a 
very careless chronicler, who merely copies him, 
that there was any powerful man named John de 
Burgo in Ireland at this time. So effectually did 
Felim plead his cause on this occasion, that Kini; 
Henry Ill.ordered Maurice Fitzgerald, tlu-n Lord 
Justice of Ireland, " to pluck up by the root that 
fruitless sycamore, De Burgo, which the Earl of 
Kent, in the insolence of his power, had planted 



in those parts, nor suffer it to bud forth any 
longer." " Ut ipsius iniqua; plantationis, quain 
Comes Cantise Hubertus in illis partibus, dum 
sua potentia debaccharet, plautavit, infructuo- 
sam sicomorum radicitus evulsam, non sinerat 
pullulare." See Matthew Paris at this year. 
Dr. O'Conor states, in his suppressed work, 
Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Charle* 
O'Conor, p. 42, that Felim O'Conor obtained a 
royal charter for five baronies in the year 1257, 
and that he shortly after built the abbeys of 
Roscommon and Tuamona. In the last edition 
of Eymer, vol. i. p. 240, there is a letter from 
Felim O'Conohur, King of Conuaught, to Henry 
IIL, thanking him for the many favours which 
he had conferred upon him, and especially for 
his having written in his behalf against Walter 
de Burgo to his Justiciary, William Dene; but 
this letter, though placed under the year 1240 
by Ryiner, refers to a later period, as Dene was 
not Justiciary before 1260. 

T ,S'/>/, Suob. This was very common us the 
proper name of a woman, till a recent period, in 
Ireland, but it is now nearly obsolete. The 






\-2\0] 



ANNALS OF TIIK KIXCDOM OF IIIKI.AM) 



:*n 



A great army was led by Cuconnaiight O'Reilly against Cormac Mac 
Dermot, and plundered the entire country as far as Ardcarne, and slew many 
people, in revenge of his son. Cormac, the son of Totnaltagh, was deposed, 
mid Donough, the son of Murtough [Mac Dermot], assumed the lordship <>t 
Moylurg. 

Fclim O'Conor" wenfbefore the King of England to complain to him of the 
English and Irish, on which occasion he received great honour from the King ; 
he then returned safe home. 

Hugh, the son of Gilla-na-naev Crom O'Shaughnessy, was slain by Conor, 
*on of Hugh, who was the son of Cathal Crovderg, and by Fiachra O'Flynn. 

Sabia", daughter of O' Kennedy, and wife of Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, 
died. 

The Monastery of Timoleague", in Carbery, in Munster, in the diocese of 
\l"<s, was founded for Franciscan Friars, by Mac Carthy Reagh, Lord of 
Carbery, and his own tomb was erected in the choir of the Friars. In this 
monastery also Barry More, O'Mahony of Carbery, and the Baron Courcy, an- 
interred*. 



word signifies goodneu. 

w Timokayue, a monastery, now in ruins, in 
the barony of Barryroe, in the county of Cork. 
Ceac moluju signifies the house of St. Molaga, 
who probably erected a primitive Irish mo- 
nastery at this place, but of this we have no 
record. This saint was a native of Fermoy, 
atid his principal monastery was at a place 
in that territory called Tulach min Molaga 
See his Life given by Colgan, in his Ada Sanc- 
torum, at 20th January, p. 148. The year of 
his death is not recorded, but it must have been 
after the year 666, as we learn from his life that 
he survived the great pestilence which raged in 
that year. Dr. Smith, in his description of this 
abbey, gives the following account of its tombs: 
H.Ti! are several tombs of the Irish families, 
viz., Mac Carthy Reagtis, in the midst of the 
choir; west of it is an old broken monument of 
thr < >\'iilliiiii's; and on the right a ruined tomb 
<>( tin- lords Courcy. The O'Donovans,O 'Heas, 



Ac., were also buried here." Natural and Civtl 
Hutory of Cork, vol. L p. 251. In the will \ 
Daniel I O'Donoyane, made at Rahin, in August, 
1629, and now preserved in the Registry of the 
Court of Prerogative in Ireland, he orders hi 
"bodie to be buried in the Abby ofTytnolege," 
but his descendants soon after placed their tomb 
in the churchyard of Myross. Most, if not all 
the other families have also discontinued to bury 
in this abbey. 

* Under this year the Annals of Clonmac- 
noise, as translated by Mageoghegan, contain tl. 
following passages, which have been omitted by 
tin- Four Masters: 

' " A. D. 1 240. William Delacio, Lord of Meath, 
the only son of Walter Delacie, and hi wife, 
died in one week. Some say they were poytoned. 

There arose great dissention* in Ulster 
against the Earle of Ulster this year. Richard 
Tuite, with a company of 3000 soldier*, went 
to assist him." 



302 cwNaca Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [1211 

QO1S CR1OSU, 1241. 
Qoip Cpiopc mfle, Da ceD, cfcpacacc a haon. 

Qn ceppcop ua plaicbeapcaijj (.1. TTluipcfpcac), .1. eppcop eanaij oiiin 
[DO ecc]. 

Coipeapccab cfmpaill na mbpacap minup in acluain la comapba PO- 
rpaic. 

Dorhnall mop mac eccneacain huf borhnaill ci jfpna cfpe conaill, peap- 
manac, -| foccaip conoacc co coipppliab, -\ oipjiall 6 clap anuap Decc in 
aibfc manaij lap mbpeic buaba 6 borhan, ~\ o bfrhan, ) a abnacal co nonoip 
1 50 naipmiDin i mainipoip eappa puaib ip in pojmap t>o ponnpab. 

TTlaolpeaclainn ua oorhnaill Do oipDnfb i ccijfpnup cfpe conaill inD lonab 
a acap. Ua neill, .1. bpian Do ceacc cuije lap not lonDapbab la Dorhnall 
mag laclamn, ~[ ua Domnaill DO bula cona pocpaioe la bpian ua neill hi 
cenel eojain, ~\ cuccpac each DO mag laclamn, .1. cac caimeipje, ] po rhapb- 
pac oomnall ua laclaino cijfpna cenel eojain, -| Decneabap Da Depbpine, ~\ 
caoipicch cenel eojain uile immaille ppip, 1 po hoiponeab bpian Don chup 
pin i ccigfpnup cenel eojam. 

OiapmaiD mac magnupa mic coippbealbaij moip uf concobaip paoi einij; 
1 eangnama Do ecc. 

Sicpiucc 0165 oipeaccaij caofpeac cloinne comalcqij Decc. 

Ualcpa De laci cijfpna mibe 6 gallaib, i cfnn comaiple gall epeann Deg 
hi pajcaib. 

Cabj mac puaibpi uf gabpa Decc. 

Uabj ua concobaip Do apguin Dapcpaije -| cloinne pfpmaije. 

1 The plain, clap. The plain here referred believe to be that of the battle here referred 

to is Machaire Oirghiall, or the level part of the to. 

county of Louth, which was then in the posses- * Walter de Lacy His obituary is given as 

sion of the English. follows in Mageoghegan's translation of the 

1 Caimeirge. There is no place of this name Annals of Clonmacnoise: 

now in the ancient territory of Kinel-Owen. "A. D. 1241. Walter^Delacie, the bountifull- 

But tradition points out the site of a great est Englishman for horses, cloaths, money, and 

battle between the rival families of O'Neill and goold, that ever came before his time into this 

Mac Loughlin, near Maghera, in the county kingdom, died in England of a Wound." 

of Londonderry, which the Editor inclines to His only son, William, died in 1 240 See 



1241.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINCDOM OF IHKLAND. .in.; 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1241. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-one. 

Kishop O'Flaherty (i. c. Murtough), i. e. the Bishop of Annadown, cli. 

The; church of the Friars Minor in Athlone was consecrated by tin- MI. 
<vssor of St. Patrick. 

Donnell More, the son of Egnaghan O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Frr- 
managh, and Lower Connaught, as far as the Curlieu Mountains, and of Oriel, 
from the plain T northwards, died in the monastic habit, victorious over the 
world and the devil, and was interred with honour and respect in the inona- 
irry of Assaroe, in the harvest time. 

Melaghlin O'Donnell was installed in the lordship of Tirconndl, in the 
place of his father. O'Neill (i.e. Brian), after having been expelled by Ma. 
Loughlin, came to O'Donnell, and O'Donnell, with his forces, went with Brian 
O'Neill into Tyrone, and they gave battle to Mac Loughlin, i. e. the battle of 
Caimeirge*, in which they slew Donnell O'Loughlin, Lord of the Kinel-Owen. 
and ten of his family, together with all the chieftains of the Kim-l-< hvi-n 
Ami Brian [O'Neill] was then installed in the lordship of the Kinel-Owcn 

Dermot, the son of Manus, son of Turlough More O'Conor, celebrated for 
hospitality and prowess, died. 

Sitric Mageraghty, Chief of Clann-Tomalty, died. 

Walter de Lacy*, Lord of the English of Meath, and head of the council" 
< >!' the English of Ireland, died in England. 

IVige, the son of Rory O'Gara, died. 

Teige O'Conor plundered Dartry and Clann-Fearmaighe [in the county of 
Lcitrim]. 

not,- * under that year. This Walter left two was re-united in favour of Roger Mortimer, who 

daughters, co-heiresses, Margaret and Mabel, married Geneville's grand-daughter and heire**. 

tin- elder of whom married Lord Theobald de Rot. Pat. 2 Hen. V. 137. See Grace's Aitiwlt 

: .n, and the second, Geoffry de Gencville. of Inland, edited by the B*r. Richard Bull. r. 

The palatinate of Meath was divided between for the Irish Archseological Society, p. 30. 

these two ladies, Lough Seudy, now Bollymore- note '. 

Lough Seudy, in Wcstmeath, being the head of * Head of tin Council, ceonn occoihaipc, mwui 

V,T.I..M\ m,,i,ty, and Trim that of Geneville's. nothing more than that he was o politic and 

In 1330, aft.-r Verdon's forlVitun-, the palatinate prudent as to be always consulted by the Eng- 



304 QHwaca Rioghachca eineaNH. [12-12 



Sluaj mop DO benam lap an lupcip, .1. muipip mac jeapailc i maig nae 
go po aipccpfc piacpa ua plainn, -\ Donnchab mac Diapmaoa, i puccpac 
uacab Do mumcip ui concobaip poppa, -\ po mapbab leo nap mac giolla 
ceallaij -\ pochaibe ele. 

Oomnall mag plannchaba caoipeac Dapcpaije DO ecc. 

QO1S CR1OSC, 1242. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mfle, Da ceD, cfcpacao, aDo. 

Oomnall mac aipcen DO ecc ma candnac hi ccill moip. 

Caibial mop la Ppfmaib apDa maca, i la habbabaib cananach epeann 
i lujmab Dia po cogbab mopan Do caipib Do rionoil mocca on T?6im. 

Oonnchab Caipppeac ua bpiam (cijfpna Dail ccaip) cuip opDam ] 
oipeacaip Deipcipc Gpeann, ~| a mac coippbealbac mac Donnchaba caipbpijj 
Decc. 

Concobap ua bpiain DO jabail pije cuabmurhan. 

Qeb ua concobaip (.1. an caircleipeac) mac aoba mic Ruaibpi uf Chon- 
cobaip DO mapbab la coippbealbac mac aoba mic cacail cpoibbeipj. 

bpian mac Donnchaib uf Duboa ci jeapna ua ppiacpach, -| ua namalgaba 
1 icppaip DO mapbab ap plicchib ace Dol Da oilirpe co mainipcip na buille. 

Sluaijeab mop lap an lupcip i la gallaib epeann apcfna, i la peobmib 
mac cacail cpoiboeipg hi cenel cconaill in Diaib caibj uf concobaip Do coib 
Dionnpoijib cenel cconaill. Ro gabpao na ploij pin Lonjpopr i nopuim 
cuama, ~| po rhillpfc a Ian Don cuaipc pin gen gup cpegeab cabj boib. ^abj 
ua Concobaip DO jabail mpccain la coinconnacc ua Rajallaij cpia pop- 
congpa peibbmib mic cacail cpoibbeipg. 

lish whenever they engaged in a -war, or came In Mageoghegan's translation of the Annals of 

on terms of peace with the Irish. Clonmacnoise, he is called a Scotchman, the 

c Nar. The Mac Gillakellys had this name translator having mistaken Glmameac, a Ger- 

from Nar, the eldest son of Guaire Aidhne, King man, for Qlbanac, a Scotchman. 

of Connaught, from whose son Artghal they Mochta. In an epistle attributed to him, 

descend See Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs he styles himself, " Manchteiis peccator presbyter, 

of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 69- Sancti Patricii discipulus.'" He was by nation a 

d Primate His name was Albert of Cologn. Briton, and is generally supposed to have been 

See Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 65. the first Bishop of Louth. He died on the 19th 



I-.M2.] ANNALS OF TIIK KINGDOM OK IKK LAND 305 

The Lord Justice, namely, Maurice Fitzgerald, mustered a great army 
with which he marched into Moynai [in the county of Roscommon], and plun- 
dered FiachraO I'lyiin and Donough Mac Dermot; a email party of O*Conor*8 
people overtook them, and slew Nar c Mac Gillakelly, and many others. 

Donnell Mac Clancy, Chief of Dartry, died. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1242. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-two. 

Donnell Mac Airten died a Canon at Kilmore. 

A great chapter was held by the Primate" of Armagh, and the abbot* of 
the Canons Regular of Ireland, at Louth, on which occasion many of the relics 
which Mochta' had collected, and brought from Rome, were taken up. 

Donough Cairbreach O'Brien, Lord of the Dalcassians, tower of the splen- 
dour and greatness of the south of Ireknd, and his son Turlough, died. 

Connor O'Brien assumed the lordship of Thomond. 

Hugh O'Conor (i. e. the Aithchleireach'), son of Hugh, who was son of 
Roderic O'Conor, was slain by Turlough, son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal 
Crovderg. 

Brian 1 , son of Donough O'Dowda, Lord of Tireragh, Tirawley, and Erris, 
was killed on the way as he was going on a pilgrimage to the Abbey of Boyle. 

A great army was led by the Lord Justice and all the English of Ireland, 
with Felira, the son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, into Tirconnell, in pursuit of 
Teige O'Conor, who had fled to Kinel-Connell. The army encamped at 
Drumhome, and they destroyed much on this expedition, but Teige was not 
abandoned to them. Teige O'Conor was afterwards taken by Cuconnaught 
O'Reilly, at the request of Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg. 

.-i^ust. in the year 535. See Colgan, Acta 5ria. Charles O'Conor write*, inter li*#u, 

.^uictonim, p. 737; Irish Calendar of the .1. 6pi an oeapj, i. e. " Brian the Red." It doe* 

O'Clerys, at 19th of August ; and Lanigan'a not appear from the pedigree of th^O'Dowdaa, 

Ecclesiastic*! History of Ireland, voL I pp. 308- compiled by Duald Mac FirbU, that he left any 

3KI. dwcendant* See Geiuahyitt, Tniti, and C*+- 

f Aithchlfirrach, i. e. the denounced or super- totn* of Hy-Fiackrack, p. 1 15. 
annuaU'il clergyman. 

IB 



300 aNNdta Rioghachca eirceciNN. [1243. 

QOIS C171OSU, 1243. 
Goip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceo, ceacpacac aepf. 

pecpup macpaic lap ccinneb a bfchab i ccandnchaib oilen na cpmoiDe 
ap loc ce Decc, "] a abnacal la pele mapcain. 

pmoacca ua lujaba comapba beneoin [DO ecc]. 

TTlaoleoin ua cpecdin aipciDeochain cuama ap ccecc caipip (.1. cap 
muip) ina maijppcip Decc in dc cliac. 

Cacapac ua pnebiupa Deaganac muincipe maolpuanaib Decc in apD 
capna an 10. aujupr. 

CaDj mac aoba mic cacail cpoiboeipj DO leccab Dua Rajallaij, -| a 
reacc co maimpcip na buille cona pocpaiDe, Dul Do lapomh co ceac mic 
DiapmaDa, Copbmac mac Comalcaij, ~| e pein, ) a bfn mgfn meg capcaij; 
(.1. ecaoin mjfn pmjin, ] bd hipibe machaip caibj buD&ein) DO jabail, i a 
cabaipc Do coinconnacc ua pagatlaij map mnaof ap a puapjlao pein. 

CaDg Do Dul DopiDipi pa peil mapcain in uachaD pochaiDe hi coinDe 50 
hua Rajallaij, i caDg Do jabail DO hi pill, ] a muincip Do mapbab, ~\ a 
beic pfin i lairii co peil beapaij ap ccinD. 

Sluaijeab mop DO cionol Id Rij Sa;ran Do paijib pij Ppanc, i cecca DO 
rocc on pfj Diappaib jail epeann cuige. RiocapD mac uilliam bupc DO bul 
ann i ccuma cdich, i a ecc coip ap an pluaicceab pin. 

Cacal mac aoba uf Concobaip Dalca muincipe Rajallaij DO lompub 
opjia, i cpeac DO benam bo ap muipcfpcac mac jiollapuilij i muij mppe, ) 

h Coarb of St. Benen, i.e. successor of St. Beuig- or manager, of the church lands, 
nus, who was a disciple of St. Patrick and his k Festival of St. Bearacii, that is, of St. lieu- 
immediate successor in the see of Armagh. The rach, or Barry, of Cluain Coirpthe, now Kil- 
most celebrated of his monasteries were Druim barry, in Kinel-Dofa, or O'Hanly's country, in 
lias, in the county of Leitrim, and Kilbannon, the east of the county of Roscommoiu The 
near Tuam, in the county of Galway. It is not memory of this saint was celebrated annually, 
easy to determine of which of these the Finaghty ou the 15th of February. See the Peilire Aen- 
in the text was coarb. yuis ; the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys; and 

' Archdeacon, aipcioeocham This term is Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, at this day. 

to be distinguished from aipcinneach, the for- ' Moy-Nitsi, maj nippi. This is called mu^ 

mer meaning the archdeacon, and the latter, the nep in O'Dugan's topographical poem, und mciiq 

hereditary warden, prepositus, or chief farmer, neip in the Book of Fenagh, in which it is 



ANNALS OK TIIK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 
'HIE AGE OF CHRIST, 1243. 






T/te Age of ' 'tie thousand two hundr&l forty-three. 

Petrus Magrath, after having retired to spend his life among the canons of 
Trinity Island, on Lough Key, died, and was interred on St. Martin's festival 
day. 

Finaghty O'Lughadha, Coarb of St Beneii*, died. 

Malone O'Creghan [Crean], Archdeacon 1 of Tuam, after having returned 
across the sea as a professor, died in Dublin. 

Cahasagh O'Snedhuisa, Deacon of Muintir-Mulrony [i. e. the Mac Derraots 
of Moylurg], died at Ardcarne on the 10th of August 

Teige, the son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, was set at liberty by 
O'Reilly, and he came with his forces to the Abbey of Boyle, and afterwards 
to the house of Mac Dcrmot (Cormac, son of Tomaltagh), whom he took 
prisoner, together with his wife, the daughter of Mac Carthy (viz., Edwina, 
daughter of Fineen), who was Teige's own mother, and gave her as wife to 
Cuconnaught O'Reilly, for his own ransom. 

Teige went again on the festival of St. Martin following, with a small party, 
to a meeting appointed by O'Reilly. Teige was taken by treachery, and hi* 
people were slain, and he himself was kept in confinement until the festival 
of St. Bearach k ensuing. 

A great army was mustered by the King of England, to oppose the King 
of France, and he sent ambassadors to [summon] the English of Ireland to his 
aid. Among the rest went Richard, the son of William Burke, and died on 
that expedition. 

Cathal, son of Hugh O'Conor, the fosterson of the O'Reillys, turned against 
them, and committed depredations on Murtough Mac Gilhooly in Moy-Nissi 1 , 
and made a prisoner of Murtough himself, whom he afterwards put to death 

-tatwl that it was granted to St Caillin, the shoot. Moy-Nissi was the name of a Icrel tract 

first abbot ofFcnagh, who was of the same race of country on the east side of the Shannon, in 

as the Mac Rnnnalls, the head chieftains of Con- the barony and connty of Leitrim. The family 

maicne of Moy-Rein. According to O'Dugan name Mac Gilhooly is still common in this di*. 

it was the patrimonial inheritance of the O'Mul- trict, but the prenx Mac is usually rejected. 

veys, of whom the Mac Gilhoolys were an off- See note l , p. 309, infra, 

2 R2 



308 aNNata Rio^hachua eirceawN. 

TTluipceapnac pfm DO jabail DO, -\ a rhapbab hi cill Seppin. Cpeac oile Do 
benorh 66 po ceDoip ap cloinn peapmaije -\ ap Dapcpaijib. 

Cpeac maije pem la cacal, -\ po eipij cogab eiccip ua cconcobaip -\ ua 
TCajallaij. 

aois crciosc, 1244. 

Qoip Cpiopc, mfle, Da ceo, cfcpacac a ceacaip. 

Oonncab mac pmjm mic maoilpeaclamn mic aoba mic coippbealbaij uf 
concobaip eppcop oile pinn Decc an 23. appil i ninip clocpanD, -\ a abnacal 
i mainipcip na buille. 

Gpcioeocham cuama DO babab ap glaiplinD cluana. 

Oonnchab mop ua Dalaij paof nap papaijeab, 1 nac pdipeocap 16 Dan 
Do ecc, i abnacal hi mainipcip na buille. 

Uabg mac aoba mic cacail cpoibbeips DO ballab ~\ Do chpochaoh la 
comconnacc ua Rajallaij i pel beapaij occ imp na conaipe pop loch 
aillinoe iap na bfic illdirh aije 6 peil mapcain gup an lonbaib pin. Ruaibpi 

m Kitt-Sessin, now pronounced in Irish as if Moy-Turey, who passed through it as far as 

written cill rr^ipn, and Anglicised Kilteashin. Fenagh, where they were overtaken, slain, and 

It is the name of a townland in the west of the interred, and where their graves are still pointed 

parish of Ardcarne, where, according to tradi- out. 

tion, the Bishop of Elphin had formerly his pa- P Inishcloghran An island in Lough Ree in 

lace. See note under the year 1258. the Shannon See note ', under the year 1193, 

Clann Fearmaighe, was a territory in the p. 98. 

county of Leitrim, adjoining Dartry, which is 1 Glaitlinn signifies green pool, or pond 

now called the barony of Rossclogher, and Tir There is no place at present bearing this name 

Tuathail, in the county of Roscoinmon. in the neighbourhood of Tuam, and there are so 

Moy-Rein, maj p6in. This comprised the many places near it called Cluain that it is im- 

southern or level part of the county of Leitrim. possible to determine to which of them this pool 

The inhabitants were called Conmaicne Maighe or pond belonged See Tribes and Customs of 

Rein, and also Muintir Eoluis, of whom, since Hy-Many, p. 1 30, where Glaislinn is referred to 

the establishment of surnames in the tenth cen- as at the head of Magh Finn, which was a terri- 

tury, the Mac Rannalls were by far the most tory in the barony of Athlouu, in the county 

celebrated family. In the Book of Fenagh the lloscommon. 

name maj pirn is explained plain of the track, T Donoutjh More. OP Daly. In Mageoght-gan's 

and the name is said to have been derived from translation of the Annals of Clomnacnuisc he is 

the flight of the Fomorians, from the battle of called " chief of Ireland for poetry." It is gne- 



1244.] 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



809 



at Kill-Sessin*. Immediately after this he committed another predatory 
outrage in the territories of Clann-Fearmaighe" and Dartry [in the county of 
Leitriin]. 

In the same year Moy-Rein was plundered by Cathal, and a war broke 
out between O'Conor and O'Reilly. 



THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1244. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-four. 

Donough (son of Fineen, the sou of Melaghlin, son of Hugh, who was son 
of Turlough) O'Conor, Bishop of Elphin, died on the 23rd of April on Inisli- 
cloghran p , and waa interred in the abbey of Boyle. 

The Archdeacon of Tuam was drowned in the Glaislinn q of Cluain. 

Donogh More O'Daly*, a poet who never was and never will be surpassed, 
died, and was interred in the abbey of Boyle. 

Teige, the son of Hugh, son of Cathal Crovderg, was blinded and hanged' 
by Cuconnaught O'Reilly, on the festival of St Bearach, on Inis-na-Canaire 1 
[an island], in Lough Allen, having been kept in confinement by him from tin- 
feast of St Martin to that time. Rory, the son of Hugh, his brother, was 



rally supposed that this Donough waa Abbot of 
Boyle, but it does not appear from the Irish 
Annals, or any written authority, that he was 
an ecclesiastic. According to the tradition pre- 
ferred in the north of the county of Clare, he 
was the head of the O'Dalys of Finnyvara, in 
the north of Burrin, where they still point out 
the site of his house and his monument. He is 
the ancestor of the O'Dalys of Dunsandle, whose 
ancestor came from Finnyvara with Ranailt Ny- 
Brien, the wife of Teige Roe O'Kelly, of Callow, 
in the latter part of the fifteenth century. See 
Tribet and Cuttomt of Hy- Many, p. 125. 

O'Reilly says that he was called the Ovid 
of Ireland, and such, indeed, he may be re- 
garded, though it must be acknowledged that 
lie could bear no comparison with the Roman 



Ovid, in the soft luxuriance of his poetical 
imagery, or daring flights of his genius. Hi* 
poems are principally of a religious or moral 
character, and possess considerable merit, though 
not so much as to entitle him to the unqualifutl 
praise bestowed upon his powers by the Four 
Masters. See O'Reilly's Irish Writers, pp. 88- 
92, for a list of his poems. 

Wat Uindtd nd kanyed, oo balUio 7 oo 
qiochab. Charles O'Conor writes inter lima* 
"oo rpocao patiut ; vide infra." In the Dublin 
copy of the Annals of Ulster the reading is, Do 
oullao 7 oo pbochuo, L e. " was blinded and 
emasculated." The old translator of the Ulster 
Annals renders it, "Teige O'Conner blinded and 
maymed by Coconaght O'Rely." 

' Jnit-na-Canaire is now called variously Big 



310 aNNdta nioghachca eiReaHN. [1244. 

mac ao6a a Dfpbpacaip Do babab ap an cuippfn connaccach 05 dcliacc no 
pionna an 9. la Do rhapca, -\ a abnacal i mamipcip cluana cuaipapc co 
haiprhioneac onopac. 

Concobap mac aoba mic cacail cpoibDeipj Do ecc hi ccinD mfopa oeap- 
pach. 

Sluaijeab la peblimib mac cacail cpoibDeipj ip in mbpeipne paip 50 hua 
Rajallaij Do biojail a balca i a bpacap paip, .1. cabg ua concobaip. T?o 
baDap abaij lonjpuipc hi piobnac maije pein, nf paibe an comapba ip in 
baile an aibce pin, "] ni paibe cinD pop ceampall piobnaca, ~\ o nac paibe po 
Ipipcfcap Dponj Don cploij boca i belpcdlana bacap ip in cempall hi pcij 
j>an cfc Da nDajbaofmb. Ro muchab Dalca De an comapba anc. Cainic 
an comapba peipin apabapac co bpeipcc i lonnup mop po bap a balra. 
I?o lapp a epaic ap ua cconcobaip. Qobepc ua concobaip co cciobpab a 
bpfr pfm Do. Qpf mo bpfrpa ap an comapba an caon Duine ap peapp agaib 
in epaic mo balca De Do lopccab lib. TTlajnup mac muipceapcaij muirhmj 
pin ap ua concobaip. Nf me inp ap majmip acr an cf ap cfnn ap an pluaj. 
Nf pcepabpa pib ap an comapba co ppagap epaic mo balca. Cocap an 
pluaj lap pin ap an baile amac, -] DO lean an comapba iat>. Do coibpfc 
co hoc na cmppe poppin njeipcnj, ~\ po baof an cuile cap bpuachaib Di, i 
nf caomnacacap cocc caippe gup po pcaoilpfc ceac Sepel eom baipce 1 Do 

Island, Gilhooly's Island, Mary Fitzgerald's west of the town of Roscommon, is the Ath liag 

Island, and lastly, O'Reilly's Island, from the mentioned by the Four Masters, at the year 

present head landlord. It lies near the southern 1266. 

extremity of Lough Allen, not far from Drum- * Cluain-tuaiscirt, now Cloontuskert, a parish 

sluunbo. containing the ruins of a small abbey, near 

"Cuirreen-Connaughtagh t Cw\\\\\nConnacca.ch t Lanesborough, in the barony of South Ballinto- 

uow locally called Curreen. It is the name of ber, and county of Roscommon. See Ordnance 

the southern extremity ofrthe towuland of Bally- Map of that county, sheet 37. There is a larger 

clare, in the parish of Cloontuskert, near Lanes- abbey of the same name in the barouy of Clon- 

borough. It is often overflooded by Lough Ree. macnowen, in the county of Galway. See it 

w Ath-liag-na-Sinna, now beul acu liaj, marked on the Ordnance Map of that county, 

Anglice Ballyleague, that part of Lanesbo- sheet 88. 

rough lying on the Connaught side of the Slum- i Fenagh-Hoy-Rein, pioonac muije p6m, 

non. The Qc Uaj mentioned in these Annals, now Feuagh, in the barony and county of Lci- 

uader the years 1140, 1220, 1227, and 1244, is trim. A monastery was erected here by St. 

Ballyleague, or Lanesborough. The little town Caillin, in the sixth century. It is now a pa- 

of Athleague, on the River Suck, to the south- rish church in the diocese of Ardagh. There is 



1244.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OK 1 1! X LAND. :<11 



in Cuirrccn Connaughtagh", at Ath-liag-na-Sinna", on the 9th day of 
March, and was interred in the monastery of Cluain-tuaiscirt 1 , with great vene- 
ration and honour. 

Conor, son of Hugh, who was son of Cathal Crovderg, died at the enl ( 
the first month of SpriiiLT. 

An army was led by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, eastwards, into 
Kivifny, against O'Reilly, to take revenge of him for his [Felim's] fosterson and 
kinsman, Teige O'Conor. They encamped for a night at Fenagh-Moy-Rein'. 
The Coarb was not home 1 on that night, and there was no roof on the chur<-h 
. >f FriiaL'h. and as there was not, a party of the troops, without the permission of 
their chiefs, burned some tents and huts which were within the church, and the 
Coarb's ward was there suffocated. The Coarb himself, on coming home next 
day, was greatly angered and incensed at the death of his ward, and he de- 
manded his eric* from O'Conor, who answered that he would give him his own 
award. " My award is," said the Coarb, " that you deliver up to me the very 
best man among you as me, for your having burned my ward." " That is 
Manus, the son of Murtough Muimhneach," said O'Conor. " I am not at all," 
said Manus ; " it is he who is head of the army." " I will not depart from 
you," said the Coarb, " until I obtain eric for my ward." The army then 
marched out of the town, and the Coarb followed them. They proceeded to 
Ath-na-Cuirre, on the River Geirctheach", but the flood had then OVXT- 

MiJl extant a curious manuscript which belonged which nineteen Irish kings were baptized. 

to Fenagh, and which enumerates the lands, * The Coarb wot not at kom^ln the Annl- 

privileges, and dues of the monastery. The ori- of Connaught the language of this passage i* 

ginal is preserved in the British Museum, and a better arranged, thus: "There was no roof on 

copy made in 1517, by Maurice, son of Paidin the church of Fenagh, and the Coarb was not at 

i > Mulcunry, was lately in the possession of a home that night ; and'as he wm not, a party of 

Mr. Rody, who lived near Fenagh, of which Felim's troop*, Ac." 

tin K.litormmle a copy in the year 1829, which Eric. An amercement or fin-> f..r 

is now in the Library of the Royal Irish Aca- shed; a mulct or reparation. It was 

.Iriny. I 'loir-im-Hogl, still exists and ispreserved similar to the ert or veryiU of the 8o 

iu tho chapel at Foxficld, n,:ir Kouagh, where it See Harris's Ware, TO!, it p. 71. 

is regarded as a sacred relic, and held in great " Orrf*if4-This is the river now calle 

v, -IK Tatim,. According to the Book of Fenagh, Yeliov Kiver, " l>ich formed by a June 

it was called Chyna.riogh, i. o. Bell of the Kings, several streams rising in Sliabh an larainn, 

l*cause it was used to contain the water in it subject to great floods ; it pMM through tl* 



[1-21:. 

baof mo imeal inD dra Dia cup cappan abainn Do 6ol caippi Don cpluaj. 
Do beacaib TTlajnup mac muipceapcaijtj muirhnijj ip in cij, -\ concobap mac 
copbmaic mic Diapmaoa. T?o paib majjnup pip in bpfp baof ap mullac an 
cije occa pccaofleab 05 pfneab a cloioearh uaba puap, 05 pin ap pe an 
caippnse congbup an maiDe j;an cuicim. Ctgd pab pin Do po cuic pecce an 
cije hi ccfnn magnupa co noepna bpuipij Dia cino gup bo mapb po ceDoip 
ap an laraip pin, I po ha6naicea6 e hi nDopap ceampaill piobnaca alia 
amuij, i cuccaD cpf Ian cluij na pfj Doppail ap a anuiain, "| Dec nee picfc. 
^onab arhlaib pin puaip comapba Caillfn epaic a Dalca. Do ponaD lecc 
Do clochqib pnaicce, ] cpop caomDenmac uap a cinD, -] po bpipeab la 
mumcip puaipc mcc CIOD lap ccpiol. 

Copbfnac mac comalcaij mic concobaip mic DiapmaDa cijeapna clomne 
maoilpuanaib uile Decc in aibic manaij leic hi mainipcip na buille ip in 
ppojrhap lap mbpfic buaba 6 Doman ] 6 Deaman, lap ccairfrh pe mbliabari 
piceac a ccijfpnup. 

peapgal mac caccaDam Do rhapbab la concobap mac cijeapnam i pill 
in imp ppaoic pop loc gile. 

QO1S CR1OSC, 1245. 
Qoip Cpiopc, mile, Da ceo, ceacpqcacc acuicc. 

Domnall ua planoajain abb cunga Decc. 

Concobap puab mac muipceapcai j rhuirhnij mic coippoealbaij uf conco- 
baip Do loc Dua cimmaic Da rhaop bubbem la pcfn cpia lomaccaillaim peipcci 
DO cecc fcoppa hi pupr na leicci, -\ jiollacpiopc mac lorhap uf bipn Do 

little town of Ballinamore, which it sometimes age whatsoever. They killed both men and 

almost inundates. beasts without any remorse. At last they came 

c Fractured it. This passage is given more to the Corre, where there was a tyniber house 

briefly and somewhat differently in the Annals of couples into which Magnus mac Mortagh and 

of Clonmacnoise, as translated by Mageoghegan, Connor mac Corrnack entered, and immediately 

as follows: "A. D. 1244. Felym O'Connor with there arose a great blast of Winde which fell 

great forces went to be revenged for their sinis- downe the house, whereof one couple fell on the 

ter dailings on the O'Reillys and the Breuiemen, said Magnus, and did put the topp of his head 

and made havock of all they could meet withall thro his brains to his very neck, and caused his 

in that country, without respect to either sex or neck to sinck into his breast ; was strocken 



l-Jlfx] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM <U IIM.I.AND. ;\\:\ 

(lowed its banks, and they were not able to cross the ford; so they pulled 
down tlu> clia|)cI-ln)U8e of St. John the Baptist, which was on the margin of tin- 
ford, that they might place its materials across the river, that the army might 
pass over it Manus, the son of Murtough Muimhneach, and Conor, son of 
C'onnac Mac Dei-mot, went into the house; and Manus called to the man who 
was on the top of the house throwing it down. " There," said he, pointing up 
his sword, " is the nail which prevents the stick from falling ;" and while he 
was thus speaking, the rafter .of the house fell down on his own head and 
fractured it c , so that he died immediately on the spot He was buried outside 
the door of the church of Fenagh ; and three times the full of Clog-na-Riogh, 
together with thirty horses, were given as an offering for his soul ; and thus it 
was that the Coarb of St. Caillin obtained eric for [the death of] his ward. A 
monument of hewn stone and a beautiful cross were raised over his head, but 
they were broken down not long afterwards by the O'Rourkes. 

Cormac, son of Tomaltagh, the son of Conor Mac Dermot, Lord of all the 
Clann-Mulrony, died in Autumn, in the habit of a Grey Friar, in the abbey of 
Boyle, victorious over the world and the Devil, after having been in the lord- 
ship twenty-six years. 

Farrell Mac Tagadain was treacherously slain by Conor Mac Tiernan on 
Inislifree", an island in Lough Gill. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1245. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-Jive. 

Donnell O'Flanagan, Abbot of Cong, died. 

Conor Roe, the son of Murtough Muimhneach, [who was] son of Turlough 
O'Conor, was wounded with a knife by O'Timraaith, his own steward, in < 
>-'liience of an angry conversation that occurred between them at Port-na-leicce*. 

dead. This is the end of this man that escaped It lie* near that extremity of Lough Gill, where 

narrowly from many dangers before, lost his it receives the River Buanaid (Bonet) from the 

litV in this manner by a blast of Wynde mise- county Leitrim. See map prefixed to Gt*eu 

nil.ly." hyitt, Trilxt, and Cuttonu of Hy-Fiadurtdk, on 

d Iiiifht'r,','. Imp ppuoich, i. e. die Itland of the which the position of thii island is shewn. 
Heatk This island retains itt name to this day. Port-na-leiect. This wa the name of a 

2s 



314 



[1245. 



mapbaD an rhaofji pin, ) concobap Rua6 Do bpeic co mainipcip na buille, -\ 
a ecc Don loc pin, -\ a ablacab ip in mainipcip hipin iap mbuaiDh ongca ~\ 
aicpije. 

Caiplen pliccij DO benorh la mac muipip mic geapailc, luprfp na hepeann, 
1 pe piol muipf6aij uaip po popconjpab pop peblim a Denam ap a pinging 
pfm, ~\ cloca, i a el, "| cije ppicel na cpmoioe Do cappaing cuicce lap ccab- 
aipc an lonaib ceDna lap an lupcip Do clapup mac mailin in onoip na naom 
cpinoioe. 

SloijeaD mop la pij pajcan i mbpfcnaib, "| po jab longpopc oc caiplen 
gannoc, -] po cocuip ma bocum an lupcip co njallaib epeann, ~\ peblimiO mac 
cacail cpoibDeip^ cona pocpaiDe. O Do cuarap cpa po milleaD bpfcain leo. 
1 apa aof ni po ^abpac jeill na eirepf6a Don cup pin. boi honopac peDbmiti 
6 concobaip 05 an pi j ap an ploicceaD pin. 

Caiplen aca an cip ap bpu maije nippe Do Denam la miliD mac joipoelb. 

piacpa mac Dauio uf plainD raoipeac pil maoilepuain, Decc. 

Ceapball buibe mac caiDj mic aongupa pinoabpac uf Dalaij Decc. 

Caiplen puicfn Do Denom. 



place on the Shannon, near Jamestown, in the 
county of Roscommon ; but it is now obsolete. 

f Gannoc is a castle in Caernarvonshire, near 
the shore of the Conwy, called Diganwy by the 
Welsh See Gough's Camden, p. 560, col. 2, 
where it is related that Henry III. was reduced 
to great straits under its walls in the year 1245. 

He invited to his aid, Do cocuip ina Oc- 
cam, literally, " he invited to him." The Irish 
annalists speak as if the King had no right to 
summon them. It appears that at this time the 
Irish barons, among other peculiar rights, claimed 
that they were not bound to. attend the King be- 
yond the realm, differing in this from the nobles 
of England, who were bound by law to assist 
the King in his expeditions, without as well as 
within the kingdom. That King Henry was 
aware of the exemption claimed by them is evi- 
dent from the writs issued by him on this occa- 
sion, having been accompanied by an express 
declaration that their attendance now should not 



be brought forward as a precedent. See Close 
Koll, 28 Henry III. Matthew Paris gives, in 
his Chronicle at this year, a letter, said to have 
been written at the time by a nobleman in 
Henry's camp, which conveys a vivid idea of 
the distressed condition of the English army 
before the Irish had joined them. Its substance 
is as follows: "The King with his army lyeth 
at Gannocke fortifying that strong castle, and 
we live in our tents, thereby watching, fasting, 
praying, and freezing with cold. We watch for 
fear of the Welshmen, who are wont to invade 
and come upon us in the night-time ; we fast 
for want of meat, for the halfpenny loaf is worth 
five-pence; we pray to God to send us home 
speedily; we starve with cold, wanting our win- 
ter garments, having no more but a thin linen 
cloth between us and the wind. There is an arm 
of the sea under the castle where we lie, when tc 
the tide cometh, and many ships come up to tin- 
haven, which bring victuals to the camp from 



19151] ANNU.S OF TIIK KINCDoM (>F IKKI.ANI) 

The steward was killed by Ivor O'Beirne ; and ( '<>n> .1- !{( \\a- 1 to the 

ul)l)cy nl' 15. -vie, where he died of tin- wound, after Kxtreine Unction and 
Penance, and he was interred in that monastery. 

The castle of Sligo was erected by Maurice Fitzgerald, Lord .1 
Ireland, :md by the Sil-Murray; for Felim [O'Conor] was ordered to erect it at 
his own expense, and to convey the stones, lime, and houses of Trinity Hospital 
thither, after the Lord Justice had granted that place to Clarus Mac Mailin, 
in honour of the Holy Trinity. 

A great army was led by the King of England into Wales, he pitched his 
camp at the castle of Gannoc f ; and he invited to his aid' the Lord Justice, the 
English of Ireland, and Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg O'Conor, and his forces, 
to come to him. As soon as they had come they desolated all Wales, but ob- 
tained neither hostages nor pledges on this occasion. The King treated Felim 
O'Conor with great honour on this expedition. 

The castle of Ath-an-chip [on the River Shannon], on the borders of Moy- 
Nissi [in the county of Leitrim], was erected by Myles Costello. 

Fiachra, the son of David O'Flynn, Chief of Sil-Maelruain, died. 

Carroll Boy, son of Teige, the son' of Aengus Finnabhrach O'Daly, died. 

The Castle of Suicin" was erected. 

Ireland and Chester." See Matthew Paris, ad Justice, to Ireland, he performed a successful 

an. 1245; Hanmcr's Chronicle, Dublin edition expedition against the Irish of Ulster, but that 

of 1809, p. 393; and Moore's History of Ireland, this was of no avail, for that the King, whose 

vol. iii. p. 20. " All this time," say* Matthew displeasure was inexorable, dismissed him from 

Paris, " the King was looking impatiently for his office, and appointed Sir John, the ion of 

the Iri>h forces, mused with himself, fretted Geoffry de Marisco, in hi place. Maurice Fitz- 

wiih himself, the wind serving, and yet said gerald, after some contest* with the Irish, and 

nothing. At length their .-nils were descried, the new Lord Justice, took upon him the habit 

and Maurice Fitz-eruKl and the Prince of Con- of 8t Francis, in the monastery of Youghml, 

naught presented them>elvc8 in battle array be- where he died, in 1256. 

fore the King." Hanmeradds: " When all the " The Cattle of Suicin was probably new the 

forces joyned together, the Welshmen were head of the Suck, in the county of Mayo. In the 

ihn.wne; the King manned and victualled townland of Cashcl and parish of Kiltullagh. 

hU Castles, returned into England, gave the and county of Roscommnn, near the head of the 

Irishmen leave to returne, winking awhile in Suck, which is callod Bun Snicin, there is an 

]*>lieie at the tarriancc and slow coming ofMau- ancient Irish cashel, or Cyclopean tov 

Fitzgerald." I laniner also remarks that, no ruins of a modern castle are now risible near 

on the return of Maurice Fitzgerald, the Lord Bun Suicin, excepting the site of O'Flynn's 

2s2 



316 QNNata Riofthachca emecmN. [i24(i 

Rajnall ua maoilmiabaij Do mapbab la connaccaib. 

TTluipcfpcac mac muipjiupa true cacail mic DiapmaDa Do mapbab la 
peapaib bpeipne. 

Sluaicceab la hUa nDorhnaill (TTlaoilechlamn) pop jallaib, ~\ gaoiDelatb 
loccaip connachc co ccuccpac bu -\ eDala lomba leo Don cupup pin. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1246. 
Goip CpiopD, mfle, Da ceo, cfchpacha, ape. 

Goin ua hugpoin mac comopba mochua, eppcop oilepinn an ceom fpin Do 
ecc i Rair aeba mec bpic. 

loam mac lajppi DO cochc ma mpcfp in Gpmn i TTIuipip mac gfpailc Do 
aiqiijaD. 

Opuim Ifchain Do lopccab an bliabampi. 

TTlaoilpeaclamn mac Concobaip puaiD mic muipcfpcaij muimnij ui Con- 
cobaip DO mapbaD la hua nDuboa, .1. muipcfpcac. ITiuipcfpcac DO lonnapbah 
cap muip Dfip an mapbca pin. 

Sluaijfo DO bCnam Do TTIuipip mac gCpailc i rcip Conaill ~\ 6 DO rabaipr 

castle, near Ballinlough See note under Sil Cluanense aliosque nostros annales." Colgan's 

Maelruain, at the year 1200. Acta SS. p. 423, col. 2, notes 30, 31. 

' Rath-Aedha-mic Brie, now Rahugh, a parish This St. Aedh is still vividly remembered at the 
in the barony of Moycashel, about three miles foot of Slieve League, iu the barony of Banagh, 
south-east of Kilbeggan, in the county of West- and county of Donegal, on which mountain his 
meath. The name signifies the fort of Hugh the little chapel is yet to be seen in ruins. Tin- 
son ofBrec, a saint who founded a monastery Sainthimself is called in English HughyBreaky ! 
there, within a rath or fort, in the sixth century. He is also remembered at Killare, in the county 

" Hc ecclesia est hodie Parochialis Dioecesis of Westmeath, but not here at Rahugh. 

Midensis in regione de Kinel-fiacha et denomi- k John Fitz-Geoffry, i. e. Sir John, the M>H <a 

natione a viro sancto sumpta, vocatur Rath- Geoffry de Marisco, who had been Lord Justice. 

aod/ia." Florilegus writes on the depriving of Fitx.- 

" Colitur in diversis ecclesiis, ut patronus, ut gerald as follows : 

in Enach-Briuin, in regione Muscragiae in Mo- " Mauritium Hibernise Justiciarium eo quod 

monia; Sliebh-lieg in Tirconallia, ubi capella ipsi ficte & tarde auxilium ab Hiberniu domino Iti-^i 

sacra, et solemnis perigrinatio ; Rath-aodha in duxerat periclitanti a Justitiaria deposuit." 

Kinel-Fiacha, et Killaria qua vicus est in re- See Hanmer's Chronicle, Dublin edition of 180'J, 

gione Midise quae Magh-assuil appellatur. Obiit p. 395. 

autem S. Aidus, anno 588 juxta Chronicon John Fitz-Geoffry du Marisco was appointed 



ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRK LAND. 



MIT 



Randal O'Mulvcy was slain by the Connacians. 

Murtough, son (' Maurice, who was son of Cathal Mac Dermot, wan slain 
by the men of Breifny. 

An army was led by O'Donnell (Melaghlin) against the English and Irish 
of Lower Connaught, and he carried away many cows and other projx-rty <-n 
that expedition. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1246. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-sit . 

John (Vllughroin, son of the Coarb of Moclma, Bishop of Elphin, died 
in Ratli-A'(l!i;i-inic-Bric'. 

John Fitz-Geoffry 11 came to Ireland as Lord Justice, and Maurice Fitzgerald 
was deprived 1 . 

Drmnlahan was burned in this year. 

Melaghlin, son of Conor Roe, the son of Murtough Muiinhneach (.)'(.'< >n'i. 
was slain by O'Dowda (Murtough), who was banished over sea after the com- 
mission of that deed. 

Maurice Fitzgerald marched with an army into Tirconnell : he gave tin 



Lord Justice of Ireland on the 4th of November, 
1 245 ; and, it is quite clear that Maurice Fitz- 
gerald performed the expedition into Ulster 
(gainst ' >'! >.iinn 11 :ift. i In- \\.i~ <1. prhr'l <( hi* 
tli'-i-. notwithstanding Ilimmcr's assertion to 
the contrary. See the year 1247. Mr. Moore 
seems to think that Maurice Fitzgerald retired 
from the world immediately after being re- 
moved from office. See his History of Ireland, 
vol. iii. p. 21 ; but it is evident from the older 
lri<h annals that he continued his struggles 
with the native Irish, and even with the new 
Justiciary, for some years before he retired into 
tin' monastery of Youghal. After his removal 
the Geroldines for some time kept the state of 
an independent sept, supporting themselves by 
tln'ir own power, and making war and peace by 
tlirir own authority Thi'y made mighty efforts 



to annihilate or reduce to a state of abject slavery 
the Irish of Desmond; but they received a great 
check from the fierce and warlike rl of the 
Mac Carthys in the year 1261. 

' Deprived, airpiojjcm, literally Jelkronnl, <T 
ttnking&l, that being the term used by the an- 
nalists to express the deposing of thi-ir own 
petty kings or chieftains. 

"Drum/atari, opium Ifruin, hut inor. 
rcctly opuim Ifctin, L c, the broad ridge or hill, 
now generally anglicised Drumlanc, a townland 
imd parish, remarkable for the ruins of a chutvh 
:inV"" na< tower, in the barony of Lough Uv an.l 
county of Cavan, and about three miles from til-- 
town of Belturbet. St Mogue, or Maidoc, .f 
Ferns, is the reputed patron saint and loun.l. r 
of t)iis church, which was monastic; but Dr. Lu- 
nigan thinks that a monastery had cxi*t<il h<-r> 



318 awNQ^a Rio^hachca eiReaNN. [1247 

Ifiche rhipe Conaill DO copbmac mac Diapmaoa nuc l?uaibpi uf Concobaip. -| 
bpaijoe uf bomnaill DO jabail ap an Ific oile. Na bpaijoe Do paccbail i 
ccaiplen plicaje. 

Ua oomnaill, .i.TTlaoilpeaclamn ~\ maice cenel cconaill Do ceacc laSamna 
50 Slicceac. babun an baile Do lopccab boib. Ni po pfopac Dol pop an 
ccaiplen, -] po chpochpac luce an caiplen a mbpaijDi ina ppiabnaipi mp na 
leccab pfop DO ihullac an chaiplen, .1. 6 TTlianam oiDe uf Dorhnaill -) a chom- 
alra. 

TTiupchab ua hanluam cicchfpna na naipffp Do mapbab ap popcongpa 
bpiain uf nell. 

Qe6 mac afoa uf Concobaip Do gabail -] a apgain. 

Coippoealbac mac af&a uf Concobaip Do elu6 a cpanoij locha Ifipi ip 
in pojmap. Qn luce coimfoa bof aip DO bd6a6 Do, .1. copbmac ua muip- 
eabaij i Da ua ammipeac. Uoipp&ealbac Do jabail Do pi&ipi ap comaipce 
eppcoip cluana ~\ lap na rabaipr illaim jail a chup i ccaiplen acha luain. 

Qlbepc almameach aipDeppuc QpDamacha DacpuccaD Docum na huri- 



QO18 CR1O3O, 1247. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceo, cfchpacha apeacc. 

Concobop uaTTluipeaDaij eppcop ua ppiacpach ai&ne Do ecc ~\ mbpipcuma. 

Qe6 mac concaillfb abb cluana heoaipp Do ecc. 

TTlaoilpeachlainn 6 Dorhnaill cicchfpna chipe Conaill, cenel TVloain, inpi 
heojam ~| pfpmanac Do mapbab la TTluipipp mac gfpailc. 6a harhlam po 
pop caomnaccaip pibe. Sluaijfb mop Do cionol la ITluipipp mac gfpailc ~\ 

before St. Maidoc was born __ See his Ecclesias- suggestion. In the old translation of the An- 

tical History of Ireland, voL ii. p. 336, note 122. nals of Ulster this passage is rendered thus: 

n Lord of the Oriors, ciccheapna na nai|ireap, " A. D. 1246. O'Hanlon, King of Oirthir, killed, 

L e. dominus Orientalium, i. e. of the two baro- through the persuasion of Brieu O'Neal." 
nies of Orior, in the east of the county ofj\.r- P Lough Leisi. This name is now obsolete. 

magh. The inhabitants of these baronies were See note under the year 1452, where it is shewn 

so called from their situation in the east of the "that Lough Leisi was the ancient name of Muc- 

territory of Oriel. kenagh Lough, near the old church of Kilglass. 

Command, popconypa This word signifies in O'Hanly's country, in the east of the county 

order or command, and sometimes request or of Roscommon. 






1*17.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKLAND. 

luilf of Tirconnell to Cormac, son of Dermot, who was son of Rode; nor, 

;iiid ohtaiiird hostages from O'Donnell for the other half. These hostages In- 
left in the castle of Sligo. 

( I'Donnell (Melaghlin), and the chiefs of the Kinel-Connell, came on All- 
Saints' Jay to Sligo, and burned the bawn, but were not able to make their 
way into the castle; upon which the people of the castle hanged the hostages 
in their presence, having suspended them from the top of the castle, i 
( )'.Mianain, the tutor of O'Donnell, and [another who was] his foster-brother. 

MurnuiL'h O'llanlon, Lord of the Oriors", was put to death by enmnuuid 
..f Brian O'Neill. 

1 1 ugh, son of Hugh O'Conor, was taken prisoner and plundered. 

Turlough, the son of Hugh O'Conor, made his escape from the Crannnf: 
[wooden house] of Lough Leisi p in Autumn, having drowned his keepers, namely. 
Cormac O'Murray, and the two O'Ainmireachs. He was again taken while 
under the protection of the Bishop of Cluain [Clonfert], and, being given up 
into the hands of the English, was confined in the castle of Athlone. 

Albert, the German* 1 , Archbishop of Armagh, was translated to Hungary'. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1247. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-cven. 

Conor O'Murray, Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach Aidhne [Kilmacduagh], died at 
Bristol. 

Hugh Mac Conchaille', Abbot of Clones, died. 

Melaghlin O'Donnell, Lord of Tirconnell, Kinel-Mocn, Inishowen, and 
Fermanagh, was slain by Maurice Fitzgerald. He was enabled to accomplish 
this in the following manner: A great army was led by Matinee Fit/gerald. 

" Albert, the German, albepe almmneuch. Rath Luraigh [Maghera], was elected t.. the 

note under the year 1242, and also liar- archbishopric of Armagh. 

ris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 66, where it ' Mc CWaiVfe. This name is still cxUnt 

is stated that All.ert ..f Cologne resigned his in the neighbourhood of Clone*, in the county 

see in 1247, and died beyond seas. of Monaghan, and in the county of Fermanagh, 

' Under this year (124(J) the Dublin copy of but anglicised by some to Wood*, and by others 

the Annuls ,,f U-ter n -. ,, r ,l, that the Bishop of to Cox, because it i* assumed that faille, or 



320 



[1247. 



la gallatb apcfna 50 piachracap Sligeac ap cup, aippine co lifpp aeba puaib 
mic babaipn. Oo beachaib copbmac mac DiapmaDa mic Ruaibpi uf Concobaip 
ina chionol. ba ipin cfcaoine lap ppel pfecaip -| poll inopm. T?o chionoil ua 
Dorhncnll cenel Conaill -| eojjain ap a ccmt) conap leccpfc j;aUna gaoibeal 
rap ach Sfnaij anunn pe hfb peq^cmaine on cpar 50 apoile Comb e 
aipeacc appamicc leo copbmac ua Concobaip 50 pochpaioe moip mapcpluaij 
opaoibfb cpiapan maj piap ~\ lompub ap puO an rhaije puap ppi bopo an 
moincij poip jan aipiujab Do neac co painic bel ara culuain pop fipne. Hi 
po aipjpfr cenel ccoriaill nf conup pacarap an mapcpluaij Do Ific a ccuil 
cuca Don caob Dia pabacap Don abainn. Soaic laparii ppiu. OD conncacap 
joill aipe cenel Conaill pop an mapcpluaij canjaoap Do Ifir a nDpnmann 
chuca, uaip Do bab ofpbh leo no: caorhpacaoip i pppfpoal Diblimb, T?o linj- 



Coille, the latter part of the name, may signify 
of a wood, or of a cock. 

1 The cataract ofAedh Ruadh, the son ofBadh- 
arn. This was the ancient name of the cataract 
called the Salmon Leap, at Ballyshannon, in the 
county of Donegal. The name is now pronounced 
as if written eapa puao, and in English Assaroe, 
See note n , under the year 1194, p. 99. 

u Bethought them. Qipeacc means a sudden 
thought or impulse of the mind. This passage, 
the language of which is so rudely constructed 
by the Four Masters, is much more clearly, 
though more briefly, given in the Annals of 
Ulster, and thus rudely Englished in the old 
translation of these annals : 

" A. D. 1247. Melaghlin O'Donnell, King of 
Tirconnell, and Gilla Munelagh O'Boyl, and 
Mac Sowerly" [were] " killed by Mac Morris 
in Belasena. Kindred Conell defended the ford 
for a whole weeke, that there could not pass 
neither English nor Irish, untill Corinac O'Con- 
ner used craft at last; for he carried with him 
a number of horse along the fields westwards, 
and turned again upwards nere the bogs by 
Easterly, until he came to the ford of Cuil uone 
upon the Erne. And Kindred Conell wot 
nothing" [m po cnpi^r-ec Cenel Conuill ni] 



" untill they saw the great troop of horse on the 
side of the river where they were. And as they 
noted the Horse on their backs, the Galls came 
over the Ford, so that Mac Maurice had their 
killing as aforesaid." The meaning of this 
passage, the language of which is so lamely con- 
structed by the Four Masters, is evidently as 
follows. " When it was perceived by Fitzgerald's 
party, that they had no chance of being able to 
cross the ford at Ballyshannon, while the forces 
of O'Donnell were defending it, they had re- 
course to the following stratagem, which was 
suggested by Cormac, the grandson of King Ro- 
deric O'Conor, who had been appointed as chief 
of half the territory of Tir-Connell, a short time 
before, by Maurice Fitzgerald. Cormac proceeded 
at the head of a strong body of horse first west- 
wards, along the plain of Moy-Ketne. so as to 
make the Kinel-Conuell believe that he was re- 
treating into Connaught. He then turned up- 
wards, that is, southwards, and proceeded in the 
direction of Connaught, till he was so far from 
those who were defending the ford, that they could 
no longer see him, when, wheeling round, he di- 
rected his course eastwards along the margin of the 
bog, until he arrived, unporceived by the enemy, 
at the ford of Belacooloon, on the River Erne, a 



1--M7 



ANNA; ; OK IUKLAND. 






and thi/ other English chiefs, first to Sligo, and thence to the Cataract of Aedh 
!!"-. the son of Il.idliani'. Cormac,the sun of Dennot, who was son of Rod- 
O'Conor, joined his muster. This was on the Wednesday after the fe.-tival o! 
SS. Peter and Paul. O'Donnell assembled the Kinel-Connell and Kin. 
aguinst tin-in, so that they did not allow u single man, either English or Irish, 
i.) erou ilu- ird of Ath-Seanaigh fora whole wt-ck. The English then be- 
thought them" of sending Cormac O'Conor with a large body of cavalry west- 
wards along the plain, who was to turn southwards through the plain, and 
then eastwards along the borders of the bog, unperceived by any one, until he 
should arrive at Bel-atha-Culuain [a ford] on the Erne. [This was accord- 
ingly done], and the Kinel-Connell knew nothing of the movement until they 
saw the body of cavalry advancing on their rear", on their side of the river; 
they then turned round to them. When the English saw that the attention* of 
the Kinel-C'onncll was directed towards the cavalry who had advanced on their 
rear', they rushed across the ford against them, being confident that they [the 



short distance to the west of Bellcek, which 
ford he crossed, and being then on the north 
side of the river, he proceeded towards Bally- 
shannon, and advanced on the rear of O'Don- 
neH's forces, who were still defending the ford. 
The latter, who had expected no such ma- 
noeuvre, 1 1. -ing alarmed at the approach of a 
large body of fierce cavalry, suddenly turned 
their luces towards them to sustain their onset, 
leaving tin- ford unprotected. When Maurice 
Fitzgerald perceived that the defenders of the 
lord had turned their faces towards O'Conor's 
cavalry, he immediately ordered his troops to 
cross the ford, and to attack the rear of the 
enemy, thinking that the force* of O'Donnell 
would ;,'; 1. 1- uble to sustain the attack on both 
side.-. la thi> he was uot mistaken; for, although 
tin- Kiiiel-l'oiinell, on observing his intention, 
had sent a party t prevent him from crossing, 
still he succeeded, and joined O'Conor's cavalr\, 
and both united routed the Kinel-Connell, 
&c..\ 

* Ontltcir rear, oo leic u ccinl cucu. In 

2 



Grace's Annals of Ireland this sentence is thus 
given in Latin : " Occurrit O'Donell cum suis ex 
tota Kin. -oil Conaill ad vadum Athshani, eos 
cum prcterire minime andirent ibidem ^ dies de- 
finuit, missus igitur Cormacus cum equitum 
parte clam ad vadum Cuiluanio:, Erne fluminis, 
terga hostium aggreditur, qui statim in fugam 
conversi sunt, &c." 

Grace place* these events under the year 
1242, and Dr. Ilanmer under 1245, but both are 
evidently wrong. 

1 That the attention, <fc When the Kinel- 
Connell had wheeled round to sustain the onset 
of the cavalry, their backs were turned towards 
Fitzgerald's forces, who were on the south side 
of the ford. 

i- Wko had advanced upon their nor, an 
mupcpluuj cunyioup oo leir a nopumann 
c hucn, i. e. tqxitatut qui rtnerunt a ttryo in eat. 
the nominative case to the verb canga- 
oap is the relative u, understood, for in ancient 
Irish com} o -itious, which the Four Master* af- 
fected to imitate, the verb has a plural Urmiua- 



322 awwata Rioghachca emeaNN. [1-217. 

pfcc an car puppo 50 mbaoap cenel cconaill in eoipmfoon a mbiobbab mp 
nm6a6 boib lompo Da jac ICic. dec cfna po mapbao ua Domnaill ap an 
lacaip pin, an cammumelac ua baoijpll ppiomcaoipeac na ccpi ccuac, 
TTlac pomaiple cicchfpna aipfpjaoibeal -\ main cenel Conaill apcfna. Ro 
baibic i po mapbaio Dpong mop DO plojaib mic jjfpailc annpin. Ro baibiD 
Dana apaill Dib ap an ppinn bub chuaic i pochaibi oile Don cploij cfccna 
i ccfpmonn Dabeocc i ccopai^eacc na ccpeac po cecpfc pfmpu im uilliam 
bpic Sippiain Connacc ~\ im RiDipe occ oile ba Deapbparaip Dopibe. 17o 
hinDpeab ~| po haipccfb an cfp Leo lappin. 17o paccaibpfo cfnnup cenel 
cconaill 05 Ruaiopi ua cananndin Don cup pin. 

Gacmapcac 6 caram cicchfpna cianacca i pfp na cpaoibe DO rhapbari 
la majnup ua ccacam ap nDol DO ap cpec ina cfp 50 haipchfp maije i 
nodilpiaoa. 

Uoippbealbac mac aoba uf Concobaip Do elub a hoc luain. 

TTlilib mac goipoelb DO gabail pfba Conmaicne ] cacal ma5 Rajnaill 
Do Diochup epDib i cpannocc clafnlocha DO gabail Do, ~\ luce a gabala DO 
pagbail Do mnce ua6a pen. Cacal i coippDealbac Da mac afba uf Conco- 
baip Do coimfipje la masRajnaill Do Diochup meic goipoelb a pibConmaicne. 
l?o gabpaD an cpannocc -| an loch, T?o Scaoilpfcc caiplen lecce oeipje i 
pacapn Domnai j cincibipi, uaip Do chuaib coippbealbac co hoilen na cpinoiDe 
ap cfnn clapupa mic moilfn an aipcinm^ ap nf po pafmpac na goill cocc ap 
an caipplen amac muna ccfopoaofp ap comaipce an aipcinmj Dia nioohlacab 
cap Sionamn anaip co cuam mna. Uanjaoap le clapup lapom, ~\ po 010- 
chuipeab clann joipoelb ap in cfp amac uile. 

tion to agree with the relative when its antece- Gaels This is the name by which Argylo in 

dent is a noun of multitude, or of the plural Scotland is always called by the Irish writers, 

number See the Editor's Irish Grammar, part and not Ard-na-Ngaodhal, us O'Flaherty very 

iii. c. i. pp. 359, 360. erroneously states in Ogygia Vindicated, Dedica- 

* Chieftain of the Three Tuathas, Coipeac nu tion, p. li See Colgan's Triat Tltaum., p. 115. 
ecni ccuar These were three territories in the b O'Canannan There is not one of this name 
north-west of the county of Donegal. They at present in Tirconnell, though they were the 
passed afterwards into the possession of a branch ancient chiefs of it preceding the O'Donnells. 
of the Mac Sweenys, who received from them c Arnwy, aipceap maije An ancient eccle- 
the appellation of Mac Suibhne na dtuath. siastical town in the barony of Carey, in tin- 

* Argyle, aipep jaoioeal, i. e. the district of the north of the county of Antrim See note ". un- 



1247.] ANNALS OF THK KIXdDOM OF IKKI.AND. 

Kind Council] would not be able to attend to the attacks of both. The Kinel- 
Connell were now in the very centre of their enemies, who had surrounded 
them on every side. O'Donnell was slain on the spot, as well as the Cammhuinea- 
lach [Wry-necked] O'Boyle, the head Chieftain of the Three Tuathas*, Mac 
Sorli \. Lord of Argyle 1 , and other chiefs of the Kinel-Connell. A great 
number of Fitzgerald's forces were slain and drowned here; others of them 
were drowned northwards in the River Finn, and many others at Termon 
Daveoj/, in pursuit of preys that fled before them ; and among the rest William 
Hritt. sheriff of Connaught, and his brother, a young knight The country 
was then plundered and desolated by them [the English], and they left the 
chieftainship of the Kinel-Connell to Rory O'Canannan 6 on this occasion. 

Eachmarcach O'Kane, Lord of Kienaghta and Firnacreeva, was slain by 
Manus O'Kane, after having gone on a predatory excursion into his country 
as far as Annoy in Dal-Riada". 

Turlough, the son of Hugh O'Conor, made his escape from Athlone, 

Miles Mac Costello took possession of Feadha Conmaicne', and expelled 
Cathal Mac Rannall from thence : the Crann6g of Claenlough' was also taken 
for him, and he left those who had taken it to guard it for him. Hereupon Cathal 
and Turlough, two sons of Hugh O'Conor, rose up to assist Mac Rannall in ex- 
pelling Mac Costello from Feadha-Conmaicne. They retook the Crann6g and 
i he Lake, and demolished the castle of Leckderg on the Saturday before 
\V hit-Sunday; and Turlough went to Trinity Island, to Clarus Mac Mailin, the 

uagh, fur the English were not willing to come out of the castle, except on 
the condition that the Erenagh would protect and escort them westwards 
across the Shannon to Tuaim-mna*. Soon afterwards they went away with 
Clarus, and the Clann-Costello were all expelled from that country. 

der the year 1 177, p. 33. bearing this name in the county of Lcitrim, but 

i Dal-Riada A territory which compre- the Down Survey shews " Clean logh" in the 

licnilc.1 that port of the county of Antrim north parish of Killarga, in the barony of Dromahaire, 

of Sl.-mmish. SeeUssher's Primordia, p. 1029. having the Duff, now DifTagher River, running 

Feadha Conmairnr, i. c. the woods of Con- from it to Lough Allen. This Lough is now 

maicne A district, nmr the Kivi-r Shannon, in called Belhavel Lough, and is shewn under this 

Mac HannaH's country, in the south ofthecounty name on the Ordnance Surrey of the county of 

of Lcitrim. Leitrim, sheet 15. 

( Claenlouyh. There is no lough at present TWro-maa, now Tumna, a parish in the 

2x2 



[1217. 

Coccab mop la eoippbealbac mac afba ui Concobaip i la Donnchab mac 
anmchaba mic Donnchaba ui giollapaepaicc DO opppaijib pop alla b Con- 
nacc. Ro rionoil coippbealbac clannn ciccfpnab Connacc 50 piachcaDap 
pib ua riDiapmaDa i mumcip pachaib. Ro mapbpac Daome lomba. Ranga- 
Dap appibe 50 caiplen bona ^aillme. Ro loipccpfcc an baile -] an caiplen. 
Ro mubaijrc Daoine leo im mac Gljee Senepcal Connacc no mapban la 
oonnchab mac anmcaba. Leanaio ^oill iao lapccam diccpacc oeabam 
6oib, Du in po mapba6 Gpong Do jallaib, Looap uara oaimbeom co panjaoop 
cfpa. Ro chionoil cpd Siupcan oejcfepa, Clann aoaim, -] ^oill cfpa 750 
roipp6ealbac poppaccaib coippbealbac an cfp boib 6 na bof coirhlfon ppiu. 

buipjep cinncpaclica DO lopccab la caDg mac concobaip puaib, ~\ la 
ca&j mac cuarail mic muipcfpcaij muirhni j, ace cfna nf puapacap joill Con- 
nacc ppi pe imcen poirhe pin pamail coccao na piojDamnaD poppa Don cup 
pin. Cona bof cuac no cpiocha cfcc Do cpich ^all i Connaccaib jan cpech 
jan apccam uabaib. 

Ropp commain -| apD capna Do lopcab la jallaib. 

Pionnjjuala mjfn Ruampi 111 Concobaip Do ecc i ccun^a pechin. 

Loinjfpp Do ceacc Do ua buboa -| Dua baoijill DO apccam caipppi, -| 
luce lumje Dib Do babab occ mpi ruar papp pa ma^nup ua mbaoipll, 

barony of Boyle, and county of Eosconnnon, ad- * The cattle of Bungalvy, Caiplen boiia 

joining the River Shannon. Archdall docs not 5 a '^" le > i- & th g castle at the mouth of tin- 

mention this monastery. In the Irish Calendar River Gahvay. O'Flnherty, in combating the 

of the O'Clerys, the patron saint of this church assertions of Ptolemy as to the tribes eimme- 

is called Etaoin, at the 5th of July. Thus: rated by him, thus speaks of this river : "Flu- 

fccuom o Cuaimna a maj luipj le caoB vius in occidental! Connacta: e lacu Orbsen 

uBann 6uille, i. e. Etaoin of Tumna, in Moy- (Lacus Curb) dilabens nunquam Ausuba aut 

lurg, at the bank of the River Boyle." This Ausona, nomine innotuit, sed Gaillimh, a quo 

virgin is still vividly remembered at this church, urbs Celebris, Connactte decus, in ostio nomen 

and her grave is shewn in the churchyard See Galviam mutuavit." Oyygia, pp. 16, 17- 

note under the year 1249. ' Mac Elget. Mageogbegan calls him Mac 

h (yGittapatrick. In Mageoghegan's transla- Eligott. A family of this name, and probably 

tion of the Annals of Clonmacnoise he is more the descendants of this seneschal, settled at 

correctly called Donnogh mac Anmchie mac Bally-Mac-Elligott, near Tralee, in the county 

Donnogh Mac Gillepatrick. of Kerry, where they were highly respectable 

' Fiodh- Ua-n-Diarmada, i. e. the wood of the till the close of the seventeenth century, 

territory of Hy-Diarmada, or O'Concannon's m liitir< j res Ctrinnlracfita, i.e. the borough at the 

country, in the county of Gal way. head of the strand. That this place was in 



1-JI7-] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRKI.AXD. 

\ "\ > \vsir [was kindled] by Turlough, the son of lluirh <)'('< >nor. and 
Diiiioutrh, the son of Anmohadh < >'(iillapatri<-k h <>f Ossory, against tlio KntrlHh 
of Connaught Turlough assembled the sons of the lords of Connaught, with 
whom In- proceeded to Fiodh-Ua-n-Diannadu' and Muintir-Fahy, where they 
slew many persons. Fr<>m thonce they mnrched to the castle ofBungalvy* 
[Galway], and burned the town and the castle. Many persons were destroyed 
by them, with Mac FJ.irei', Seneschal of Connaught, who was killed by [the afore- 
said] Donough, the son of Anmchadh. The English afterwards pursued them, 
and gave them battle, in which a number of the English were slain; and the 
Irish retreated in despite of them into Carra, where Jordan de Exeter, tin- 
Clan n- Adam, and the English of Carra, assembled against Turlough. Turlough 
left the country to them, as he had not forces equal to their'e. 

Huirges Chinntrachta was burned by Teige, son of Connor Roe, and 
Teige, son ofTuathal, who was son of Murtough Muimhneach. The Eng- 
lish of Connaught had not for a long time before experienced such a war as 
was waged with them by the Roydamnas [the royal heirs presumptive] on this 
occasion; for there was not a district or cantred of the possessions of the 
English in Connaught which they did not plunder" and devastate. 

Roscommon and Ardcarne were burned by the English. 

Finola J , daughter of Roderic O'Conor, died at Con^a-Fechin [Cong]. 

( >'I)owda and O'Boyle brought a fleet to plunder Curbury ; and the crc-w 
of one ship, under the command ofManus O'Boyle, were drowned at lni- 
Tuathra 



I'.iiniuught, mul not lubhar Chinntrachta, now Finola, rwrmffitfci, i-ignifying of the fair 

V wry, in Ulster, no doubt can be entertained, shoulders, was common as the name of a woman 

It was in all probability the ancient name of in Ireland, till the latter end of the seventeenth 

Jlurrisearra, which is situated at the north-east century; but it is now entirely obsolete. 
mity of Lough Carra, in the barony of f Init-Tuathrau, i.e. the island of the d; 

Carra, and county of Mayo, and where the Eng- of the Rose*. There is no island ,.tl tl,,- cowt 

li-l, turtili.Ml themselves in the year 1238. See >f Sligo, or Donegal, now bearing this uam. 

<;. m-aloyie*. Tribe*, andCuttam* ofUy-h'inrhrnrh, was probably tlir anoi.-nt name of Cruit Island, 

jip. -2tr2. -2(M. off the coast of Tuathrass, now the district of tin- 

\Vhich they did not pinker, literally, there Hosses, in the north wert of the barony of Hoy- 

was not a nmqh or cantred of the territory of lagh, in tin- .-oiinty of Donegal. The ship oi 

ttu- Kniflish in t'onniuiirht, without I..MII- ].r.-y.-.l Munus O'lJoyh- would teem to hare been lost 

un.l phandkrad l.y tl,,',,, ." before she had cleared the coast of Tireonn.-ll. 



:V2<) awnaca Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1-2 K 



mac Concobaip puaib DO lopccab mpi moipe claenlocha -| ochrap 
ap pichic DO jallaib Do lopccab innre. 

TTlainepcip DO Dfnorh i ngaillim in aipDepppocoicecc ruama la huilliam 
bupc cijeapna cloinne RiocaipD Do bpaicpib .3. ppampeip. Oo ponaoh ruam- 
ba6a lomba la Dpuinj moip DO maicib an baile ip in mamepcip pin. 

TTIainipnp Inpe i ccuabmumain in epppocoirecc cille Da Lua Do Denarh 
la hua mbpiain conab innre bfop a&nacal pil mbpiain. 

Sloi jeab mop la TTlac TTluipip mec geapailc -] la gallaib ap cappaing gop- 
pa&a uf Domnaill 50 hepp 17uaiD. Do chaoc I?uai6pi 6 canannam 50 ccenel 
cconaill ma naaiD, i ni po chumamjjpfc nf Do ina Dul peacha pin Don chup 
pin 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1248. 
QoipCpiopD, mile, Da ceo, cfchpaca, a hochc. 

OiapmaiD ua cuana Saccapc mop oile pinn DO ecc i a aDnacal i call 
moip. 

TTlaijipDip gillbepc ua cfpbaill Do ecc. 

Opichin guep DO mapbab Do giollamocoinne ua cacail. 

Coimfipje DO ofnarh DO mac maj^nupa i Do mac Concobaip puaiD "| 
lompub Doib pop jallaib. Caiplen meic enpg, .1. piapup pufp DO lopccab 
boib i a conpcapla Do jabail, Cpeaca cuaipcipc umaill DO bpfic leo ap 
mpib mob, Ro chionoil Siupcan Deprecpa, Seon buicilep, Pobbfn laiglep ~\ 
Daoine imoa immaille ppiu CangaDap 50 baile copaip pacrpaicc aippibe 
50 liachab pabaip. T?o aipccpioo umall ap nabapach chuaic ~\ reap. Cainicc 

q Claenlough This cannot be the Lough Cleane rally, they were not able to do aught to him. 

in the parish of Killarga, in the county of Lei- * Or to proceed further, Dul peaca pin, literally, 

trim above mentioned in note f , because that " to go beyond that," L e. beyond Assaroe, at 

lough contains no island. There is another lake Ballyshannon. 

which anciently bore this name near Castlebar, u G'Cuana. This name is now Anglicised 

in the county of Mayo. Cooney. 

r Race of Brian, [~\oi mbpiain, i. e. of the w Kilmore, L e. the church of Kilmore na 

race of Brian Borumha, Monarch of Ireland. Sinna, to the north-east of the town of Elphin. 

These are the O'Briens of Thomond, and all the * Inse Modha, named from Modha, one of the 

branches that shot off from them. Clann Hua Mor, a tribe of the Firbolgs, a clus- 

s Were nnable, ni po cumam^pfc ni DO, lite- ter of islands in Clew Bay, between the baronies 



12 is.] ANNALS OF Till-: KINCDo.M OK IRELAND 

Teige, the son of Conor Roc, burned Inishmore iii Claenlough", on which 
i.ccaMon twenty-eight of the English were also burned. 

A monastery was founded in Galway, in the archdiocese of Tuam, by 
William Burke, Lord of Clanrickard, for Franciscan friars. Many t..mi,v 
were erected in this monastery by the chief families of the town. 

Tin- monastery of Knuis, in Thomond, in the diocese of Killaloe, was founded 
by O'Brien, and in this monastery is the burial-place of the race of Brian'. 

A great army was led by the son of Maurice Fitzgerald and the English to 
\ -;iroe [at Ballyshannon], at the desire of Godfrey O'Donnell. Rory O'Can- 
annan. witli the Kinel-Connell, came against them, and the English were unable' 
to do him any injury, or to proceed furthur' on that occasion. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1248. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred forty-eight. 

Dermot O'Cuana", the great priest of Elphin, died, and was buried at 
Kilmore". 

Master Gilbert O'Carroll died. 

( )pichin Guer was slain by Gilla-Mochoinne O'Cahill. 

The son of Manus and the son of Conor Roe rose up together against the 
Knizlish. The castle of Mac Henry, i. e. of Piers Poer, was burned by them, 
and its constable was taken prisoner. They carried the spoils of the north 
I 1 Umallia along with them to [the islands called] Inse Modha*. Jordan de 
KxfttT. John Mutler, Robin Lawless, and many others, assembled, and marched 
t BiillytolxTpatrick', and from thence to Aghagower 1 ; and, on the next day. 

"I Murrisk and Erris, in the county of Mayo. St. Patrick's rick or stack. The author of tin 

* BaUytuforfiotridl:, 6aile Copuip puccpaicc, Tripartite Life of St. Patrick thus speaks of 

now mil. ,1 1'i.illintober. A village in the ba- this place: " Progrewiu Patricius pervt-nit us- 

r. my of Carra, in the county of Mayo, where the que in Umalliam quss est regio maritima occi- 

ruins of an abbey founded in the year 1189 or dentulis Connacitc. Ibi i-.xtrucUc Eccletue de 

1 1 110, by Cathal Crovderg, King of Connaught, Achadh fobhair pncfecit, et in Episcopum coost-- 

m- still to be seen in good preservation. cravit S. Senachum virum viue innocentia & 

' Aghagotcer, CIcuo pab" jip, a parish church nniuii submiwione longe celebrem.'' Lib. ii. c. 

in the barony of Murrisk, county Mayo, east of 62. And again: "His peractis deacendit !. 

thr famous mountain called CpuacphciDpciij;, or monte (Cnmch Patraic) Patricius, ac in ecclesia 



328 aNNCica Rio^hachca eiReawN. _-is. 

6npi Dana mop pluaijeab in umall (Dia tip bubfn) uaip ap irmce boi a 
aiccpeabab. Oo poijne Din piapup puep mac Gnpf Sic pe Domnall mac 
rhajnupa. Ro geall Dana oomnall 50 cciobpab pocpaiDe -j apcpaiji DO 
DO cum Dula ap a bpairpib. 

Oala mac ui Concobaip imoppo DO baoop ap mpib mob, Do poillpicchfb 
boib pocpaioe Do bul o mac Gnpi a ccoinne apcpaijjfb Do cum oomnaill. lap 
na piop pin Da cloinn ui Concobaip looap Rompo gup mapbab leo o huam 
mac ria 5 a| MT lccne 1 Seon mac an gall pacaipc. Ro mapbab beop la Diap- 
inaiD mac manupa ap an ccoimfpji pin Sfnoicc guep -] Dpong oia mumcip 
amaille pip. Rob e pin an caicfp gan aichfp uaip po mapbab an cumjio 
calma ) an caippib lopgaile .1. DiapmaiD mac majnu,pa ip in maijin pin. 

Uabcc mace Concobaip puaib Do mapbab la jallaib. ba mop cpa abuac 
1 imeacclu an caibg pin pop jallaib ~\ jaoibealaib Doneoc Do biob na aghaib 
bfob 50 ppuaip a aioheab. 

Sluaijeab la TTluipip mac gfpoilc i ccip conaill. Cpeaca aibl>le,upcha, 
1 aipccne Do ofnam laip. Ruaibpi ua cananncon Do lonnapbab bo i ccenel 
Gojain i cicchfpnup cenel cconaill Do paccbail 05 goppaib mac OomnaiU 
uf Domnaill. 

Sluaiccheab Do bfnarh la cenel neojain ~\ la.hua ccanannam i ccip Conaill 
r>opibipi 50 ccugpao car Do joppaib ~\ Do cenel cconuill jup mapbab ua 
cananndin .1. Ruaibpi i lomao ina pocaip Don coipc pin. 

Sluaicchfb oile la mpcfp na hfpeann i ccenel neojain 50 hua nell. 
Qppi comaipli Do ponpaD cenel eojain annpm bpai^oe DO rabaipc uaca o Do 
buf nfpc gall pop saoibealaib Gpfnn, i pic Do Dfham piii cap cfnn a cci'pe. 
Qp Don cup pin Do ponpac goill Dpoichfc na banna ~\ caiplen Dpoma caip- 
picch. 

de Achadh-fobhair reliquam pascha; celebravit * Umattia, north and south. North Umallia 

solemnitatem." Colgan has the following note is the present barony of Burrishoole, and south 

on its situation, in Trias Thaum.. p. 178, Umallia is the barony of Murrisk. The former 

col. A, r.ote 118: " Ecclesia de Achadhfbbhair is called Umhall iochtrach, or lower Umhall, 

est Diiwesis Tuamensis et Comitatus Mageo- and the latter, Umhall Uachtrach, or upper 

nensis in Connacia. Et licet hodie sit tan- Umhall, by the Irish, and both " the Owles" 

turn parrochialis. & caput ruralis Dccunatus, by Knjrlish writers. 

fuit olim -c K-s Kpiscopalis." See Genealogies, b Lord Justice. According to the Dublin 

Tribfa, rim! C/iftnmn nf Hi/-Fiachrach, printed for copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, this expedi- 

the Irish Archaeological Society, p. 150, note 11 . tion against O'Neill was performed by Theobald 



1248.] ANNALS OF THK KINODo.M <>K IKKI.AND 

they plundered Umnllia north and south'. Henry came with a numerous army 
into Umallia (his own country), for his residence was there. Pierce Poer, 
the son of Henry, made peace with Donnell, son of Manus, and Donnell pro- 
mised that he would give him men and vessels to attack his kinsmen. 

As to the sons of O'Conor, who were on the [islands of] Inse Modh, they 
received information that a body of men had gone from the son of Henry 
[Poer] to Donnell, for the purpose of bringing his ships ; and O'Conor's sons, 
on learning this, went forth and killed O'Huain, son of the Englishwoman, 
Mini John, the son of the English priest In the affray, Sinnott Guer, and a 
number of his people, were also slain by Dermot, the son of Manus; but this 
was a victory without triumph, for Dermot himself, the son of Manus, that 
valiant hero and stay in battle, was killed on the spot 

Teige, son of Conor Roe, was killed by the English. This Teige had been 
the dread and terror of such of the English and Irish as were opposed to him 
up to his death. 

An army was led by Maurice Fitzgerald into Tirconnell, where he engaged 
in conflicts and committed great depredations and plunders. He banished 
Rory O'Canannan into Tyrone, and left the lordship of Kinel-Connell to God- 
frey, the son of Donnell O'Donnell. 

The Kinel-Owen and O'Canannan mustered a body of forces and marched 
into Tirconnell, and gave battle to Godfrey and the Kinel-Connell, on which 
expedition Rory O'Canannan and many others were slain. 

Another army was led by the Lord Justice" of Ireland into Tyrone, against 
< >'Xeill. The Kinel-Owen held a council, in which they agreed that, as the 
English of Ireland had, at this time, the ascendancy over the Irish, it would be 
advisable to give them hostages, and to make peace with them for the sake of 
their country. It was on this expedition that the English erected the bridge 
of the Bann c , and the castle of Druim Tairsigh a . 

Butler, who was then the Lord Justice. " A. D. 1248. An army by the Galls of Ire- 

The bridge of the Bann, opoicfc no bonna. land to Culraghan, and [they erected] 

This is not the bridge now called Banbridge, bridge of the Banna, and the castle of Drom- 

in the county of Down, but a bridge on the tarsy, and a dwelling at Drom." 

Lower Bann at Coleraine. In llu ,-M translation * Druim Tairtiffh.ln the Dublin copy of the 

of the Annals of Ulster this passage is given as Annals of Ulster, the passage ia given thu- : 

follows : A D. 1248. lupip no hepenn DO oul 

2u 



330 dNNata Rio^hachca eircecmN. [1248. 

Gpcpcnji DO cabaipc la bpian ua nell ciccheapna chipe heo^ain 6 loch 
peabail i maj nice cap cfpmann Da beocc 50 painicc loc neipne 50 noepna 
cpeaca Dioaipme -\ jup bpipp caiplen ann. 

Conmaicne mapa uile Dapccain Do jallaib. 5 ai ^ Do Du ^ FP T^ uai 5 eaf> 
DO com ui plaichbepcaij. rHaibm Do cabaipc Do poppa i pochaibe Do 
mapbab biob. 

TTluipceapcac ua oubDa .1. an caiccleipeac (.1. cijjeapna 6 cill Dapbile co 
cpaij) DO mapbab la mac pe6limiD uf concobaip. 

Uilliam bupc Do ecc i pajcaib. Q copp DO cabaipc co hetpinn -| a abna- 
cal in ac ipeal. 

Ri ppanc DO bul co hiepupalem DO copnarh na cpiopoaibeachDa. 

loan cpnal DO mapbab la giollu na naem ua bpfpjail. 

peblimib mac carail cpoibbeipj DO cabaipc paca na nomanac Do can- 
anchaiBcille moipe cpe popconjpa caibj ui mannacdin an onoip naem muipe 
) .p. au^upcfn. 

Ctrhlaoib mac cacail piabaij uf puaipc DO mapbab la concobop cappac 
mac Donnchaib cpe cangnachc. 

pacchapcac ua Dobailen ciccheapna an copainn Do ecc. 

TCaighneD aipoeppcop apDa macha Do cecc on poim iap ccabaipc pal- 
lium laip, i aipppionn DO paba Do leip a bpeil peoaip, ) poll in apDinacha. 

50 cul param, 7 caiplen 7 opoiceao oo oenum repaired. 

66ib 05 opuim caippic, i e. " The Justiciary ot e Vestels These were cots, or small boats, 

Ireland went to Coleraine with an army, and a which were carried by land on the shoulders of 

bridge and a castle were built by them at Druim men, to be launched on lakes for plundering 

thairsich." islands. This passage is not in the Dublin copy 

There is no place on the River Bann now of the Annals of Ulster, but it is thus given in 

called Druim Tairsigh, or Drurntarsy ; but there the old translation : " A. D. 1 348. Shipping 

can be no doubt that it was on the western side brought by Brian O'Nell, Archking of nil the 

of that river, opposite Coleraine. According to North of Ireland, from Lochfevail to Moynithu, 

Pope Nicholas's Taxation (in 1291), there was overTermon Daveog to Logh Derge, till he came 

a parish of Drumtarsi, in the diocese of Derry, to Lough Erne, until he made a great prey un<l 

which must be somewhere about Killowen, as it broke a castle there." Termon- Daveog is now 

is mentioned between Camus and Dunbo. In called Termon Magrath, and its church wivs 

the year 1347, Donald O'Kenalar was parson of situated on an island in Lough Derg, near 1". iti- 

Drumtarsny, in the diocese of Derry; and, in goo, in the county of Donegal. 
1382, the castle of Druntarcy was ordered to be 



1-218.] ANNALS <F TIIK KIXfiDOM <.K IIIKLANl). 



331 



Brien O'Neill, Lord of Tyrone, brought vessels' [small boats], from Lough 
Foyle into Magh-Ithc f , and across Tennon Daveog, until he reached Lough 
Erne, where he committed great depredations, and demolished a castle. 

The entire of Conmaicne-mara [Conamara] was plundered by the English. 
The En^li^h went upon an expedition against O'Flaherty, who defeated them, 
and killed numbers of them. 

Murtough O'Dowda, that is, the Aithchleireach, Lord of the tract of 
o mntry extending from Kildarvilla* to the Strand, was killed by the son of 
Felim O'Conor. 

William Burke died in England. His body was brought over to Ireland, 
and buried at Athassel". 

The King of France went to Jerusalem in defence of Christianity. 

John Tyrrell was slain by Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell. 

Felim, son of Cathal Crovderg, gave, by order of Teige O'Monahan, Rath- 
na-Romhanach 1 to the canons of Kilmore, in the honour of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary and St. Augustine. 

Auliffe, son of Cathal Reagh O'Rourke, was treacherously slain by Cathal 
Carrach Mac Donough. 

Faghartach 0' Devlin, Lord of Corran [in the county of Sligo], died. 

Raighned*, Archbishop of Armagh, came from Rome, bringing with him a 
pallium, in which he said Mass at Armagh on the festival of SS. Peter and 
Paul. 

f Lough Foyle into Moy-Ithe The ancient Tireragh, in the counties of Mayo and Sligo. 
Irish gave the name of Lough Foyle to the whole " Atha$tet, or ipal, L e. the low ford. A. vil- 

extent of water from the mouth of the lake to lagc situated in the barony of Clanwilliain, in 

Lifford. They had no Kiver Foyle. Magh Ithe the county of Tipperary, on the west idv of 

lies to the west of what is now called the River the River Suir, where William Fitz-Adelm dc 

Foyle. Burgo founded a priory for canons regular of 

* Kil<l(irrilla* cill oaipBile, i. e. the church of the order of St. Augustine. See Ware and 

St. Derrilln. This is a very ancient church in Arohdall. 

the south of the parish of Kilmore, in the ba- ' Kath-*a-Ramhanack if the name of a town- 

rony of Krris, and county of Mayo. The land in the parish of Kilmore in the territory of 

strand hen :>llu<K'<l t<> is Troigh Eothuile, near Tir-Briuin na Sinna, of which O'Monahan was 

Tanrcg<>, in the county of Sligo, which formed chief at this period. It is now called in English 

the eastern boundary of O'Dowda's country at RathnaroTanaglu See Ordnance Surrey of the 

this pvri.wl. This O'Dowda was chief of the en- county of Roacommon, sheet 1 7 
tire of the baronies of Erris, Tirawley, and k Rai<ihntd. His real name wa Reiner. For 

2u2 



332 QHwata Rio^hachca eiweaNN. [i24<j. 

Q01S CR10SO, 1249. 
Goip Cpiopo, mile, Da ceo, cearpacac a naof. 

TTlaolmuipe ua lachcndm aipDeppcop cuama, -| mai^ipDip a ccanoin DO 
ecc ip in ngeimpeaD jap beacc jua noolaicc. 

Qnopiap mac gilla gep comopba pecin oecc. 

TTlaolciapam ua lenacain uapal paccapc cuama mna, peap cije aomeao 
coiccmn iDip eacclaip -| cuaic Do ecc ap plicchm 05 oul 50 hapocapna 
Deipoeacc penmopa ip in aoine pe lucchnapaD "| a aonacal 50 huapal ono- 
pac in oilen na cpinome pop loch ce. 

Conn ua plannacam ppioip cille moipe na pionna DO ecc. 

TTlop inj;fn DonncaiD uf Duboa bfn an jiollu mumelaij ui baoijjill DO ecc. 

Z^aDg ua mannacam ciccheapna ua mbpiuin na pionna Do ecc an pepeaDh 
la Do mf lum ~\ a a&nacal i ccill moip na pionna. 

CoccaD mop -| mlc iom6a DO Denarii Do pinjjm mag capcaij ap jallaib 
Oeapmuman. 

Piapup puep mac 6npi, Dabic cpiu, i pocaiDe DO gillib occa amaille piu 
DO coibeachc le mac peopaip i cconnaccaib co caiplen pliccij. Qocuap oo 
mac peolimiD ui concobaip innpin 50 ccucc aippcip oppa. peacaip oeabaib 
aicgep fcoppa 50 ccopcaip piapup puep -\ Dabic cpiu amaille le opuing 
oona Qillib occa pempaice i puccao a ccuipp co hfpp Dapa Da naonacal. 

Imcupa mac peolimiD lappin cainic poirhe 50 cip piacpac -[ ap puD 
clipiche mic peopaip jup lomaipcc i 6 riiuaiD co cpaicch neocuile an cpaoip. 

some account of this archbishop, whose surname was built by the family of Lenaghan. The 

or country has not yet been determined, see name is still extant in the parish. 

Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 66. He Gilla-Muinelach O 1 Boyle, i.e. the wife of Gilla 

returned from Rome in the year 1247- Cammhuinelach, or the wry-necked, O'Boylu, 

1 A proficient in the canon late, maijipcip a who was slain at liallyshannon, in the year 

ccanom By this is meant that he was an emi- 1247' 

jient canonist. p Made a great tear. This passage could nut 

m Coarb of Fee/tin, i. e. abbot of Cong, in .the be literally rendered into English. The reader 

county of Mayo. may form an idea of the construction by tin- 

"Tuam-mna. See note 8 , ad an. 1248, p. 323. following Latin version: " Bellum magnum i-t 

There is a tradition in the neighbourhood of mala multa facta sunt per Florentiutn Mac Car- 

Carrick-on-Shannon, that the chapel of Toomna thy in Anglos Desmonite." 



IJI!).] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 333 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1249. 



The Age of Christ, one thousand two hundred foi-ty-nuc 

Mulmurry O'Laghtnan, Archbishop ofTuam, a proficient in the canon law 1 , 
died in winter, a short time before Christmas. 

Andreas Mac Gillager, Coarb of Fecliin , died. 

Mulkieran O'Lenaghan, a noble priest of Tuam-mna", who kept a house of 
hospitality for the clergy and the laity, died on the way as he was going t<> 
Ardcarne, to hear a sermon, on the Friday before Lammas, and was interred 
with pomp and honour on Trinity Island, in Lough Key. 

Conn O'Flanagan, Prior of Kilmore of the Shannon, died. 

More, daughter of Donough O'Dowda, and wife of Gilla Miiim-lm-li 
()'H< )yle j , died. 

Tc'i'_ r r < )'Monahan, Lord of Ily-Hriuin-na-Sinna, died on the 6th day of 
-June, and was buried at Kilmore-na-Sinna. 

Fineen Mac Carthy made a great war 1 " on the English of Desmond, and 
inflicted many evils upon them. 

Pierce Poer, the son of Henry, David Trew, and a number of young men, 
went, along with Mac Feorais 11 , into Connaught, to the castle of Sligo. Tin- 
son of Felim O'Conor marched to meet them, and a fierce battle was fought, 
in which Pierce Poor, David Trew r , and many of the youths aforesaid, w<-n 
slain ; and their bodies were carried to Ballysadare for interment. 

As to the son of Felim, he proceeded after this to Tireragh, and tlmniL'li M 
Feorais's country, which he entirely plundered from the Moy' toTrnighEtliuili 



i 



Mac Feorait, now pronounced MacKeorish, Harbour. Sec his Ethnography of the IVlti.- 

tli.' initial p being aspirated. This was the Irish Race, sect. xii. par. 2. O'Flaherty thu speak* 

Mirnaim assumed by the Berminghams from of this river, Offyyia, p. 165: " Muadus Adain- 

Feorus, or Piarus, the son of Myler Berming- nano Moda, Moadus Giraldo Cambrensi, Cal- 

liain, thrir ancestor See Harris's Ware, vol. ii. gano Muadius, Moy Anglis, unde Muyu* W.rw, 

p. 59. Lugnia districtus Sligoensis in Galengaiii 

' JMcid TV**. Magooghegan writes the name Mayonensem dimanat, & ooewium ingmiien- 

David Drew, in his translation of the Annals of utrumque comitatum disterminat, Tirticria - 

Clonmacnoise. goensi, & Tiramalgad Mayoensi ultra citraque 

1 The Moy. This river is the Moda of Adam- poMtia," 
nan, which Dr. Prichard takes to be Wexford Tim* Colgtn, Triat Tka*m^ p. 37-1, col. a. 



331 



[124U. 



Leanaipp gepoicin mac peopaip iao co pug ap oonncab mac majjnupa jup 
cpfccnaijjeab e laip. ^ a ^ ra P oeop lap net jnin -] bepceap e 50 Dun concpea- 
cam. Leanaipp mac peobmib iao mpom 50 ccucc mac majnupa leip lap 
rnapbab jepoiccin. TTlac majjnupa Do ecc lapom DO bicin an luic pin i ba 
moipeapbaib epibe. 

TTlac muipip Do cionol pocpaioe 50 ccamicc i cconnaccaib j;up ben an 
meo ap a puce Dona cpeachaib DO mac peblimib. OD cuala peblimib mac 
cacail cpoiboeipg cionol na njall DO beic ina compoccup cap ep na mop olc 
Do poijne a mac oppa app i comaipte DO pmne a imipceacha Do cop cap 
pionainn poip ip in mbpeipm, 1 1 ccuaipceapc eipeann. Uionoilipoman lupcip 
goill mibe ) laijfn 50 ccamicc pluaj mop poime cap achluam, aippibe i 
piol muipeabaij ~\ mac muipip Don leic apaill, goill connacc ~| muman 
mapaon pip. UanaDap na pluaijpi DO gach caoib 50 hoilpinn lap milleaD 
pil muipeabaij pompo 50 pin, -] cuccpac cuca coippbealbac mac aoba mic 



note 35 : " Moda fluvius est ConnacisD Celebris, 
vulgo Muaidh & nobis Latine Moadus sive Mua- 
dus appellatus." 

c Cpaij 6oruile an q>aoip, i. e. tfie strand of 
Eothuile the arttfex, anciently called cpaij an 
caipn and cpaij Ruip aipjio. A very large strand 
in the county of Sligo, near Ballysadare. It is 
thus described by O'Flaherty, Ogygia, p. 174, 
note 3 : " Traigh an chairn, hodieTraighe eothuile 
in Sligoensi agro, littus marinum, ubi congeries 
lapidum (unde Traigh-an-chairn dictum videtur) 
etiamnum conspicitur in medio littore semper 
fluctibus mirabiliter eminens." This earn is now 
called Cairgin mor, and it is believed that it is 
never covered by the tide. 

u Gereoitin Mac Feorais, i. e. little Garrett 
Bermingham. Mageoghegan calls him Gerdin 
Bremyngham, in his translation of the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, under this year. 

w Them, iao. The most remarkable imperfec- 
tion in the style of these Annals is in the manage- 
ment of the personal pronouns. The leading nomi- 
native in this sentence is the son ofFelim, and yet 
the writer suddenly introduces ICID, them, though 



there is no plural noun in the previous part of 
the sentence to which it could refer. This is 
to be attributed to the carelessness or want of 
skill in the writers, perhaps to both, not to any 
imperfection in the language, for nothing could 
be easier than to set the sentence right by intro- 
ducing pocpaioe instead of iao. 

1 Dun Contreathain, now Donaghintraine, a 
townland in the parish of Templeboy, in the 
barony of Tireragh, and county of Sligo. See 
Ordnance Map of that county, sheet 12 ; and 
Genealogies, Tribes, and Customs of Hy-Fiach- 
rach, p. 283. 

* As muck of the preys, that is, as much as he 
could catch of those preys which the son of Fe- 
lim had driven away from Tireragh, then in the 
possession of the Berminghams. 

z The Lord Justice, This passage is well 
translated as follows in Mageoghegan's Annals 
of Clonmacnoise under this year. 

"The Deputie of Ireland assembled together 
all the English of Meath" [and] "Lynster, and 
with them came to Athlone, from thence to Sile- 
moreye. Mac Morishe was of the other side, witli 






ANNALS OF TI1K KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 



an-tsaoir. (ieivoitiu Mac Feorais" pursued them" [i.e. the son of Felim and hi- 
I'orces], overtook Donough, the son of Maims, and wounded him; he was ; 
taken, after being wounded, and led captive to Dun ContreathainV The wm >l 
Felim afterwards followed them, killed Gereoitin, and rescued and carried with 
him the son of Manns, who afterwards died of his wounds. He was a great lose. 
Mac Maurice [Fitzgerald] mustered an army, and, proceeding into Con- 
naught, took from the son of Felim as much of the preys' as he could overtake. 
When Felim, the sou of Cathal Crovderg, heard that an English muster waa 
in hi* neighbourhood, and reflected on the great injuries which his son had 
done to the English, he adopted the resolution of sending his raoveable jw. 
perty eastwards across the Shannon into Breifny,and into the north of Ireland 
The Lord Justice* then assembled the English of Meath and Lein.-u-r, wh> 
marched a great army across [the bridge of] Athlone, and thence into Sil- 
M array; and Mac Maurice [Fitzgerald], on the other side, had with him the 
Kn<rlish of Coimaught and Munster. Both these armies, having first plundered 

all the forces of the English of Connought and 
Minister. Both armies mett at Alfyn, destroy- 
int' and spoyleing all Silmorey to that place, 
in. in whence they came to Terlagh Mac Hugh 
Mae Cahall Crovoderg, who being come, was by 
them made King of Connought instead of Felyui 
Mac Cahall Crovederg. They afterwards preyed 
inn! sptiyh.-d the lands of Brenie, and also made 
many great hurts in that con trey, and con- 
veighed their preys along with them; remained 
twenty nights at Silemorey, ruining and de- 
stroying that Contrey, they took with them 
the spoyles of Loghke, Carrick, and their 
Islands. The Deputy returned to Meath, Mac 
M.irish to Sligoe, and Terlagh O'Connor was 
It-It then in Connought, to ward and defend 
Sileinorey. 

"The Nol>ility of Connought went to Athen- 
rie, to prey and spuylc that towne, on the day of 
< >ur Lady the Blessed Virgin Mary, in the middest 
ifhurveM. There were there a great army, with 
Terlagh mac Hugh, the Sheriff of Connoght, 
with many Englishmen, were in the said towne 



before them, the Sheriff and Englishmen 
them, in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
whose day then was, to forbear with them thnt 
day, which the said Irish Nobility refused t<> 
give any respect, either in honour of the Blessed 
Virgin or holie roode; they assaulted the towne 
against the will of the said Terlagh, which .1- i 
dan de Exetra, the Sheriff, and Englishmen see- 
ing, they rushed fortlie to meet with the Mid 
Irishmen, where the Virgin Mary wrought mi- 
raculouslic against the said Nobility. When 
the Irish Nobility saw the Englishmen, well 
apoynted with harness, armes, and shi: 
mail, make towards them, they were daunted 
and affirigted at their sight and presently du- 
comtitted. Hugh mac Hugh O'Connor wan 
killed in that presscnce, Dermott roe Mac Cur- 
mac O'Melagblyn, the two sons of O'Kellie, 
Bryen-an-Dery Mac Manns, Carried an Tivall 
mac Neal O'Connor, Boythgalagh mac Keigii, 
the son of Dermott Bacagh O'Connor, the two 
sunns of Loghlyn O'Connor, Donell mac Cur- 
mack mac Dermodda, Finnanagh mac Brannau. 



336 ctHNata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [124;). 

cacail cpoiboeipj; jup piojpao e an iona6 peDlimib mic cacail. l?o aipcc- 
pfcc cpioc bpepni laparh. Do ponpac uilc iom6a innce Da jnc aipD. Uucc- 
paD cpeaca Dipimi eipDi. baoap piche oibche jona laib i piol muipeabaij 
50 milleabsupaipccpioo loc ce gona oilenaib -] an cappac immaille pu'i. Oo 
cuaib cpa an lupcip ipin mibi lappin ~\ mac muipip 50 plicceac. paccbam 
coippbealbac 05 coimeD pil muipeabai j. 

Sluaiccheab la piojbamnaib connacc, .1. coippbealbac -\ aeb Da mac aeba 
mic carail cpoiboeips 50 har na pioj Da lopccab "] ta lomapccam im pel 
muipe imebon pojmaip. 6aoi pippiam connaccip in baile ap a ccionn, ~\ goill 
lomba ma pocaip. lappaiD r.a joill caipoi an laoi pin ap cloinn pij connacr 
an onoip naerh muipe pa pel bof ann. Nocan puaippfc pin uacha. 5 ] beab 
bof coippbealbac 50 ccoipmeapc im an mbaile Dionnpai jib, ~| nocap Darhpac 
uaiple an cpluaij jan a paijib Da aimbeoin. Oo connaipc piupcan 50 
njallaib pin cansaDap ap ip mbaile amac i ccoinne an cploij, ] IOD apmra 
eoijce. ^abaip cpa eacclu -| uipmeacachc occbaib an cpluai apaill 50 
hpaicpin pamlaib ma ccoipijcib cara lonnup gup meabpaD pompo cpe miop- 
baibb mop muipe pa pel map DiulcpaD an caipoe Do hiappab oppa. 17o 
mapbab Da maicib ipuibe aeb mac aeba uf concobaip, DiapmaiD puab mac 
copbmaic uf maoilpeaclainn, Da mac uf ceallaij, bpian an Doipe mac 
majnupa, cappac in piubail mac nell uf concobaip, baor^alac mac aebac- 
cain, Da mac lochlamn uf concobaip. Oorhnall mac copbmaic meic Map- 
maoa, an pionndnac mac bpandin, cumuman mac cappaplaij, i apaill 
immaille piu. 

Donncab ua giollapaccpaicc .1. mac anmcaba mic Donncaib Dopppaijib 
DO mapbab la jallaib. l?o blighpioo joill innpin, uaip ba mop po mapb, po 

Cowmowan mac Cassurley, with many more, macnoise. 

were killed in that place." " Donnogh mac Anmchy mac Donnogh mac 

* Twenty nights and days, piche oibche 50 na Gillcpatrick, thebestheadofa companie that ever 

laib, literally, " twenty nights with their days." descended of Osserie, of the race of Colman mac 

b The rock Mac Dermot's castle in Lough Brickne high" [rarte 6icne caoic], "orScanlan 

Key, in the barony of Boyle, and county of line- mac Kynfoyle clown, for manhood, vallour, and 

common. bounty, was killed by the Englishmen of Forgif, 

" Truce, caipoe, literally, respite. as he deserved of the English divers times before, 

d Donmtgh O'diH/xitrirk. This passage is given for he killed, preyed, and burnt many an English- 
as follows in Mageoghegan's Annals of Clon- man before that day. Donnogh was the third IrUli- 



1-J19.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND 337 

Sil-Miirray on their route, proceeded to Elphin, and, having sent for 'Furlough, 
son of Hugh, who waa son of Cathal Crovderg. they elected him King in tlie 
jilsicc of rVliin, the son of Cathal. They afterwards ]ilundered Bn-ifny, and 
committed many injuries there in every direction, and carried away from thence 
innumerable spoils. They were twenty nights* and days in Sil- Murray ravag- 
ing it, so that they plundered Lough Key, with its islands, and also the Rock". 
The Lord Justice then went to Meath, and the son of Maurice to Sligo, leaving 
Torlough in charge of Sil-Murray. 

An army was led by the Roydamnas [heirs presumptive] of Connaught, 
namely, Turlough and Hugh, two sons of Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg. 
to Athenry, on Lady Day in mid-autumn, to burn and plunder it. The sheriff 
of Connaught was in the town before them, with a great number of the English. 
Tho English demanded a truce* for that day from the sons of the King of 
Connaught, in honour of the Blessed Virgin Mary, it being her festival day ; 
but this they did not obtain from them ; and although Turlough forbade his 
troops to assault the town, the chiefs of the army would not consent, but 
determined to make the attack, in spite of him. When Jordan and the Eng- 
lish saw this, they marched out of the town, armed and clad in mail, against 
the Irish army. The youths of the latter army, on seeing them drawn up in 
battle array, were seized with fear and dismay, so that they were routed ; and 
this was through the miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on whose festival 
they had refused to grant the truce demanded from them. Of their chiefs 
wore here killed Hugh, son of Hugh O'Condr; Dermot Roe, son of Corroac 
O'Melaglilin, the two sons of O'Kelly ; Brian an Doire, the son of Manus ; 
Carragh Inshiubhail, son of Niall O'Conor; Boethius Mac Egan; the two sons 
of Loughlin O'Conor; Donnell, son of Cormac Mac Dermot; Finnanach Mac 
Branan ; Cumumhan Mac Cassarly, and others besides. 

Donough O'Gilhipatrick 11 , i. e. the son of Anmchadh, son of Donough, one 
of the Ossorians. was killed by the English. This was a retaliation due to 
the English; for, up to that time, he had killed, burned, and destroyed many 

man that [most] war'd against the Englishmen, son of Anmchy in his own person, did use to 

aftor tl., firM (.< .ting in this land, viz., Connor goe to Uke view of the Englishmen's towns and 

< i -M.-Ia-hl) -ii, Connor of the Castles Mac Cogh- forte, in the habbitt of a poor man, carpenu-r, 

Ian, and this Donnogh mac Ainuchy; for the turner, or other tradesman." 

2x 



338 dNNata Rio^hachca eirceaNN. [1250. 



loipcc i po lepionnaip biob 50 pin. bahe an Donncab pa an cpeapp 
bub mo Dpo^lab oppa, .i.Concobap ua maoilpeaclainn, Concobap naccaiplen 
mac cochldin ~] TTlac anmchaoha .1. an oonncab pa. Oip ap e rejeab Do bpac 
na mbailceab mapccab i ccpuc ouine boicc, no paofp no copnopa, no eataona, 
no DO bfnarh cepoe cfnnaiji, arhail po paibfb. 

6ib na Shaep, bib na copnoip, 
bib mo laoj na leabpoip 
bib 05 pec piona ip cpoicionn, 
map a bpaicfnn pe pfpmoin. 

Oun mop DO lopccab Do cloinn pij Connacc. 

Sluaiccheab la hua noorhnaill, .1. goppaib in locrap Connacc jup milleab 
1 jup lomaipcceab laip 6 coipppliab co muaib co craimcc plan mp mop 
copccap Don cup pin co neoalaib -] co mbpaijDibh lombaib. 



CP1O8O, 1250. 
Ctoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceD, caocca. 

Uomap ua meallaij eppucc Ganaij Duin Do ecc. 

6ppcop imlij lubaip Do ecc. 

Congalac mac ciDneoil eppcop na bpfipne Do ecc. 

Uoippbealbac mac muipcfpcaij muimnij uf Concobaip ppioip pecclepa 
pfccaip i poll DO ecc. 

peblimib ua concobaip Do roibeachc ap an cuaipcceapc 50 pocpaioe moip 
laip a cenel neojain Do paigib na bpfipne. Qippibe ip na cuaraib ] Con- 
cobap mac ciccfpnam mapaon pipp. Qippibe i ccfp maine jup Diochuippfo 
coippDealbac aConnaccaib amac 50 noeachaib in uchc ^all Dopibipi. Uio- 
noilib peblim imipceaca Connacc laip cap pliab pegpa pfop gup cuippioo 

' He if, bio This translation is strictly li- of Tuam, in the county of Galway. A short 

teral, word for word, except that bio is in the distance to the west of the town are the ruins of 

consuetudinal present tense in Irish, which has a castle in tolerable preservation, which was 

no corresponding tense in English. originally erected by Hosty Mac Mebric, or Mer- 

f Dun mor, i. e. the great fort, now the little rick,but which afterwards fell into the possession 

town of Dunmore, about eight miles to the north of the Berminghams. 



1250.] ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 339 

of them. This Donough was, of the Irish, the third greatest plunderer of the 
English : the three plunderers were Conor O'Melaghlin, Conor Mac Coghlan, 
[surnamed] of the Castles, and the eon of Anmchadh, viz., this Donough 
[Fitzpatrick]. He was in the habit of going about to reconnoitre their market 
towns, in the guise of a pauper, or a carpenter, or a turner, or poet, or of one 
carrying on the trade of a merchant, as was said [in the following quatrain] : 

He is a carpenter, he is e a turner, 
My nursling is a bookman, 
He is selling wine and hides, 
Where he sees a gathering. 

. Dunmore f was burned by the sons of the King of Connaught. 

An army was led by O'Donnell (Godfrey), into Lower Connaught, and he 
destroyed and ravaged [that tract of country reaching] from the Curlieu 
Mountains to the Moy, and returned safe and in triumph, carrying with him 
great spoils and many hostages. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1250. 
The Age of Christ, one thousand tico hundred fifty. 

Thomas O'Meallaigh, Bishop of Annadown, died. 

The Bishop of Imleach lubhair [Emly] died. 

Congalagh Mac Kidnel*, Bishop of Breifny [Kilmore], died. 

Turlough, son of Mortough Muimhneach O'Conor, Prior of the church of 
SS. Peter and Paul, died. 

Felim O'Conor came from the north, with a numerous force, out of Tyrone ; 
he marched into Breifny, and thence into the Tuathas, accompanied by Conor, 
son of Tiernan [O'Conor] ; thence into Hy-Many, and they expelled Turlough 
out of Connaught, who again went over to the English. He [Felim] then col- 
lected all the moveable property of Connaught, and proceeded with it down 
across Sliabh Seaghsa [the Curlieu Mountains], but the English sent messen- 

* Mac Ki,liu'l He is called Congalach Mac- p. 226, where he is given as Bishop of Kilmore. 

Eneol in Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, 

2x2 



aio aNNdta Riogbachca emeaHN. . [1251. 

501!! ceachca na 6eoi6 50 nofpnab pic fcoppa, -\ a piji Dai peace 66 pen 
Dopibipi. 

6p.uDe Connachc Do ballab in ach luain DO jallaib. 

Cpeac mop Do bfnarh la peblimib pop cacal ua Concobaip ~\ a accop a 
connaccaib. 

Caipbpe ua maoilpeaclamn DO mapbab i ppell la oauic Roicpi. 

OiapmaiD ua hfjpa cicchfpna lui^ne Do ecc i bppiopun 05 ma5 geapailc. 

Sluaicchfb mop la muipip mac jeapailc, cacal ua pajallaij, cuconnachc 
ua pajallaij, -j maice ua mbpiuin uile immaille ppiu i ccenel eojam 50 
pabaoap cfopa hoibce i cculaij dec. puaippioD mop Dulc -| Dimneao ainn- 
pine. Nochap jabpac gell na eDipeaba 6 uib nell Don cup pin. lap cceachc 
Doib cap a naipp i ccenel Conaill muipip mac gepailc Do gabail uf canannain 
cicchfpna cenel ccor.aill ap comaipce an eappuicc uf cfpballam. Q mapbab 
boib lappin i e 05 cpiall ap eccin uaca. 

Pinjfin rhaj capchaigh DO mapbab la jallaib Dfpmuman. 

. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1251. 
Qoip Cpiopo, mile, Da ceD, caoccae a haen. 

17ai jneD aipoeppcop apoamaca Do Dul Do Roirh Dia oilicpe. 

Plopinc mac ploinn DoipDneab la noolac in aipDeppcopoiocacc cuama 
ap meD.a eccna ~\ a eolaipp. 

TTlainepcip hi ccill na mullach in eppcopoiccecc copcaijhe Dochumoach 
lapan mbappach i cojha abnaicce na mbappac pin innce. 

^lollumocoinne mac jiollamocoinne uf cachail DO mapbab la Concobop 
mac afoha mic carail cpoibbfipj. 

h Were blinded, DO baUao This would ap- lin copy of the Annals of Innisfallen, he was 

pear to have been done, not by putting out the slain by his own uncle, Donnell God Mac Carthy, 

eyes, but by thrusting needles into them. See who was assisted by the head of the Goggans, or 

Genealngieg, tyc., of Hy-Fiachrach, p. 337. De Cogans, though they were at peace with him. 

' Bishop OfCardan. He was German, or Gilla- This Fineen was the son of Dermot of Dundro- 

Coimdedh O'Carolan, who was Bishop of Derry nan, who was the son of Donnell More na Curra 

from the year 1230 till his death in 1279 See Mac Carthy. 

Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 288. ' Raiyhned. His real name was Reiner, as 

* Fineen Mac Carthy According to the Dub- appears from the public records. He obtained 



1251.] ANNALS OF TUK KINGDOM OF JUKI, AND. 341 

gcrs after him, and, a peace being concluded between them, his kingdom was 
again restored to him. 

The hostages of Connaught were blinded" by the English at Athlone. 

A great ik-pivdation was committed by Felim on Cathal O'Conor, and the 
latter was driven out of Connaught. 

Carbry O'Melaghlin was treacherously slain by David Roche. 

Dermot O'Hara, Lord of Leyny, died in prison, where he had been con- 
fined by Fitzgerald. 

A great army was led by Maurice Fitzgerald, Cathal O'Reilly, Cucon- 
naught O'Reilly, and all the other chiefs of Hy-Briuin, into Tyrone, and 
remained three nights at Tullaghoge, where they sustained much injury and 
hardship, but obtained no pledges or hostages from the O'Neills on this 
expedition. On their return into Tirconnell Maurice Fitzgerald took O'Can- 
annan, Lord of the Kinel-Connell, prisoner, under protection of Bishop 
O'Carolan 1 . He was afterwards killed as he was trying to make his escape 
from them. 

Fineen [Florence] Mac Carthy* was slain by the English of Desmond. 

. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1251. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand ttro hundred fifty-one. 

Raighncd 1 , Archbishop of Armagh, went on a pilgrimage to Rome. 

Florentius Mac Flynn was, on Christmas Day, consecrated Archbishop of 
Tuam, for his wisdom and learning. 

A monastery was founded at Kilnamullagh", in the diocese of Cork, by 
Barry, who chose a burial place for his family in it 

Gilla Mochoinne, son of Gilla Mochoinne O'Cahill, was slain by Conor, son 
of Hugh, the son of Cathal Crovderg. 

th.- King's license for five months on the 1 1th the fiill or wmmito. It is now called Buttermnt, 

of June, 1253, to repair to Rome, in order to and is situated in the barony of Orrery, in the 

settle some affairs relating to his church. He county of Cork See O'Sullivan Scare's Hi* 

never returned, but died at Rome in 1256. See tory of the Irish Catholics, p. 159, where be 

Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 66. translates this name " Eccbtie tumulorum." 
m Kiliiamullayh, cill na mulluch, church of 



342 cwNCK-a Rioshactica eiReaNN. [1251. 



mac cuarail mic muipcfpcaij muimnij; uf Concobaip Do mapbaD 
DO gallaib. 

Da mac Ruampi uf nell DO mapbaD i ccill moip ua niallnm. 

Qpogal ua laichbfpcaij comoeal jjaipccib ~\ emj cuaipccipc 6pea nnDo 
ecc. 

)iollucpiopD ua bpeiplen coipeac panaD -\ a bparaip Do mapbaD la 
ceallac mbalbh ua mbuijill. 

OonncaD mac cacmaoil coipeac cenel ppfpa&aij Do mapbaD Daipgial- 
laib. 

lorhap mac maoaDain coipeac cloinne puabpac Do mapbaD. 

Concobop mac copbmaic mic comalcaijj meic DiapmaDa, Sai emj -| fng- 
nama Do ecc. 

plaicbfpcac ua cfpbaill coipeac calpaije Do mapbaD la hapc mac aipc 
uf T?uaipc. 

TNuipeaDac ua camj Do ecc. 

doc mop Dpeapcam la pell poil -j peDaip in uib bpiuin 50 pnamaD earop 
aDbal cimceal baile cille moipe na Sionna, -\ 50 melpeaD muilfnn ap an ppuc 
bof on pouaij 50 hac na paichce i bpio&nac ppi pe ceileabapca eappapca. 

plann 6 lachcndin caefpeach an Da bac Do ecc. 

u KHmore-OneUland, cill mop ua niallam, part of the county of Leitrim, for Druim da 

i e. the great church of the territory of Hy-Niattain, eitkiar, now Dromahaire, in the county of Lei- 

now the church ofKilmore, in the barony of trim, is mentioned as in the territory of Calrigia. 
Oneilland, and county of Armagh, and about r Hy-Briuin-na-Sinna comprehends the pa- 

three miles to the east of the city of Armagh. rishes of Aughrim, Kilmore, and Clooncraff, in 

Fanad. A territory in the north-east of the east of the county of Eoscommon. It was 
the barony of Kilmacrenan, in the county of divided from Kinel-Dofa, or O'Hanly's country, 
Donegal. See note s , under the year 1 1 86, p. 76. by a chain of lakes now called Muckinagh, and 

P Kinel-Farry, cmel pfpaoai j. A territory separating the parish of Kilglass from those of 

in the barony of Clogher, in the county of Ty- Kilmore and Clooncraff; and from the territory 

rone. of Corcachlann, by the River Uar, or Owenoor. 

1 Cdry, calpaije, and Latinized Calrigia Coradh na dtuath, the weir or dam of the 
A territory in the north-east of Connaught, the Tuathas, now a bridge on an arm of the Shan- 
name of which is still preserved in the parish of non, and on the road from Rooskey to Drumsna, 
Calry, in the barony of Carbury, and county of divided Tir Briuin from Kinel Dofa, and the 
Sligo; but it is quite clear from a passage in ford of Bellanagr'ange, now spanned by a bridge 
the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, lib. ii. c. 103, on the road from Strokestown to Drumsna, is 
that this territory originally comprised some the point at which the three Tuathas met. 



1251.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRELAND. .11.1 

Tcige, son of Tuathal, who was son of Murtough Muimhneach O'Conor, 
was slain by the English. 

The two sons of Rory O'Neill were slain in Kilmore-O'Neilland". 

Ardgal O'Laverty, the lamp of the valour and hospitality of the north of 
Ireland, died. 

Gilchreest O'Breslen, Chief of Fanad , and his brother, were slain by 
Kellagh Balbh [the Stammering] O'Boyle. 

Donough Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry", was slain by the men of Oriel. 

Ivor Mac Madden, Chief of Clann-Ruadhrach, was slain. 

Conor, son of Cormac, who was son of Tomaltagh Mac Dermot, illustrious 
for hospitality and prowess, died. 

Flaherty O'Carroll, Chief of Calry", was slain by Art, son of Art O'Rourke. 

Murray O'Teige died. 

On the festival of SS. Peter and Paul, a great shower of rain fell in Hy- 
Briuin-na-Sinna r , so that a large boat might have sailed round the town of 
Kilmore-na-Sinna; and a mill might grind on the stream which ran from the 
hill down to the ford of Ath-na-faithche, at Fenagh, during the time that 
vespers were being chaunted. 

Flann O'Laghtnan, Chief of the Two Bacs, died 1 . 

See entries at the years 1398 and 1451, where the Annals of Clonmacnoiae and of Connaught 

the churches of Aughrim and Clooncraff are contain the following notice of the death of 

mentioned as in this territory. Clarus Mac Mailin, Aichdeacon of Elphin: 

' Tvo Sac$, an Da Bac This territory " Clarus Archidiaconus Olfyn, vir providu* fc 

retains its ancient name to the present day, discretus, qui Carnem suam jeiuniis ct oration i- 

and is applied to a Boman Catholic parish, bus macerabat, qui patientiam ct Coronam ob- 

which comprises the ancient parishes of Bally- servabat, qui persecutionem a multu propter 

nahaglish and Kilbelfad, in the barony of Tir- justitiam patiebatur, venerabilis fundator Loco- 

awley and county of Mayo. But it appears romfreternitatisSanct*Trinitati,pertoUm Hi- 

from the Book of Hy-Fiachrach, as transcribed berniam specialiter fundator Monastery Sanct* 

by Duald Mac Firbis, that Ardagh, Kilmore- Trinitatis apud Loghke, Tir Locum Sepulture 

Moy, and Rosserk, were originally comprised in ibidem elegit, ct in Christo quievit Sabatho 

this territory. It was bounded on the east by Penthecostes dominie*, cuius anirn* propitietur 

tli,- Kiv.-r Moy, and on the west, to a consider- Deus omnipotens in Colo, cui ip* enivit in 

able extent, by Lough Cullin and Lough Conn, seculo, in cuius honore eocleiiam de Byndoyno, 

See Genealogiet, Tribet, and Ciutomt of Hy- et monasterium Sancte TrinitatU apud Ath- 

Fiachrach, p. 232, note k , and fcote ' under moye, Ecclesiam Sancte Trinitatia apud Kill- 

theyear 1180, p. 56, tupra. Under this year ruisse tedificaTit." 



344 dNNata Rio^hachca eiReaww. [1252. 

QO1S CR1OSO, 1252. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, od ceo, caocca, aoo. 

TTlaolmae66cc ua beolldin corhopba colaim cille in opium cliab, pfp ba 
mop ca6up i conac, ba hoipbfpca oineac, ba huille onoip ~\ aipnnoin 6 jal- 
laib i 6 jaoibealaib pe a linn Do ecc. 

Caipplen caoiluipcce Do 6fnarh la mac muipip meic jfpailc -| caiplen 
muiji coba. 

Concobop ua Dochapcai^ coipeac apt)a miooaip, cuip omij -\ fnsnama an 
cuaipcceipc Deg. 

Concobop mac carmaoil coipeac cenel ppfpabaij ~[ lolcuac apcfna. Sfor>- 
ai^he Conaille, Gojain, ~\ oipjiall t>o mapbao la muincip bpiain ui nell 05 
copnarh a comaipci ppiu, lap mbeic 60 pop planaib uf gaipmleaDaij -| ui 
cachdin. 

Cuconnacc mac Conpnama coipeac muir.cipe cinaic Do ecc. 

^lollu ipu ua cfpbaill coipeac calpoiji Dpoma cliab Do ecc. 

Tnajhnup mac jiollu Duib coipeac ceallaij gaipbec Do ecc. 

lupDfpna hfpfnn Do cheachc co hapDmaca immaille pe pluaij lanmop, 
eipDipiDe co huib eacDac', aippiDe cap a naipp co cluam piachna. bpian 6 
nell od noijpeip annpiri, -\ a Dfpbparaip, PuaiDpi 6 nell Do cabaipc Do 

^ r * Cael-uisce, i. e. Narrow-water. This place County of Down, p. 294. 

retains its ancient name to the present day u Moy-Cova, fn&fi coBa, i. e. the plain of 

among those who speak Irish, but is always Eochy-Cova, the ancestor of the tribe called 

called in English Narrow-water. It is situated Ui Eathach Cobha, located in the present ba- 

"between Warren's Point and Newry, in the ba- ronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, in the 

rony of Upper Iveagh, and county of Down, county of Down See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part 

The name was originally applied to the narrow iii. c. 78. The Four Masters, and from them 

part of the river, near the head of Carlingford Colgan and others, have erred in placing this 

Lough See the Irish Calendar of the O'Clerys, plain in Tyrone ; and, Dr. Lanigan has been set 

at the 2nd of April, where the church of Cluain astray by them, where he conjectures (Ecclesi- 

Dallain, now Clonallon, is described as near astical History of Ireland, vol. iv. p. 1 1, note 26), 

Snamh Each, i. & the harbour which is near the that Magh Cobha was probably where the vil- 

Cael in Iveagh, in Ulidia. " Conall mac Qoba lage now called Coagh is sftuated : but the situ- 

6 cluain t>all6m a Bpail piaiha eac .1. an cuan ation of the plain of Magh Cobha is fixed by 

Icniii pip in cool i nUiB Gacuc Ulao." See the older writers who place it in Uibh Eathach, 

also Dubourdieu's Statistical Survey of the now Iveagh, arid who place in it the church of 



1_'.V2.] ANNALS OF THK KINGDOM OF IRKLAND 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, Is?:,:.' 
The Age of Christ, one thousand tiro hundred fifty-two. 

Muelmaedhog 0'Be(511ain, Coarb of Columbkille, at Drumcliff, a man of 
great esteem and wealth, the most illustrious for hospitality, and the most 
honoured and venerated by the English and Irish in his time, died. 

The castle of Caol-Uisce' was erected by Maurice Fitzgerald, as was also 
the castle of Moy-Cova u . 

Conor O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire [in the county of Donegal], tower of 
the hospitality and feats of arms of the north, died. 

Conor Mac Cawell, Chief of Kinel-Farry [in Tyrone], and many other 
territories, and peace-maker of Tirconnell, Tyrone, and Oriel, was slain by tin 
people of Brian O'Neill, while defending his protegees against them, he him 
self being under the protection" of O'Gormly and O'Kane. 

Cuconnaught Mac Consnava, Chief of Muintir-Kenny 11 , died. 

Gilla-Isa O'Carroll, Chief of Calry of Drumcliffe, died. 

Manus Mac Gilduff, Chief of Tullygarvey r , died. 

The Lord Justice of Ireland came to Armagh with a very numerous army, 
iind proceeded thence to Iveagh, from which he marched back to Cluain- 
Fiachna*. Brian O'Neill and his brother made submission to him, and Rory 

Domhnach more Muighe Cobha, which is un- Kindred Feragh and many other placet, also 

questionably the present Donaghmore, in the the upholder of liberality and fortitude of the 

burony of Upper Iveagh, nearly midway be- "North of Ireland ; the peace-maker of Council* 

tween Newry and Loughbrickland. See Fei- and Owens, and Airgialls also, killed by the 

lire Aenguis, at 16th November; and Haliday's Rules" [cohortet] "of Bricn O'Neal, defending 

uclition of Keating's History of Ireland, p. 318, his comrick from them, being upon O'Gannely 

where the plain of Magh Cobha, which is said & O'Cahan's word himself." 

to have Rsen cleared of wood in the reign of * Muintir- Kenny, mumcip cmair The name 

Iriul Faidh, is said to be situated in Aoibh of a tribe and territory in the barony of Droma- 

Kaclmch, anglice Iveagh. See note t> , under haire, in the county of Leitrim. The name i 

tin 1 year 1188, p. 81, tupra. still locally known and applied to the district 

Tmlfr the }>rottrtion This passage is not in lying between Lough Allen and the River 

tin' I>iiMin copy of the Annals of Ulster, but it Arigna. 

is giVen in English as follows, in the old trans- * TtaUatk GiurUteth, now the barony of Tully- 

lation preserved in the British Museum : " A. D. gan-oy, in the north-east of the county of Cavan. 

1252. Conner Mac Cathmoyl, kingly chief of * Clutrin Fiackna, i. e. St. Fiachna'f lawn, 

2 Y 



346 dNNata Rioghachca emeaNN. [1253. 

bpajaio Doibli. Clp ap an pluaigheab po caplu impeapam longpuipc eoip 
pfpaib mme ~\ muimneacaib i noun ofl^an co ccopcpoap pochaibe Do pfpaib 
inurhan. 

Ueapbac mop -] ciopmac ip in pampab 50 ccejcf copaib ciopmaib cap 
ppiorhaibhnib 6peann. Qpbanna 6peann beop 50 mbuain piche laice pia 
lujnapab. Na cpomn ja ccorhlopccab le cfpp ngpene. 

nionab nua Dopoujab Do pijj Sapran Do benarh in eipinn i an caipcceac 
boi innce pia pin DO cpecceab. 

TTlupcab ua pallarham apoconpcapla Connacc Do mapbab Dpeapaib 
bpeipne i niaijh pen. 

Cpeachpluaijeab la joppaiDh ua noorhnaill hi cip neogham Dia ccap- 
paib bu ~\ bpaijhoe ile. Rucc bpian ua neill paip ag pagbail an cfpe. 17o 
piccheab lomaipeag amnup fcoppa aDiu ~| anall 50 pafmib pop cenel neosli- 
ain co ppapgaibpfc ap cfnn im Dpuing riioip Dia nDaghoaoimb. 

QO1S CR1O3O, 1253. 
Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceD, caocca, a cpf. 

Qlmn ua Suilleabain eppucc leapa moip DO ecc. 

. Oauic mac ceallaij uf giollupaccpaicc eppcop cluana mic noip Do ecc, 
1 comap ua cumn bpacaip mionup Doiponeab ip in T?oim na lonab. 

^lollaceallaij ua Ruaibfn eppuc ua ppiachpac DO ecc. Seon ua laioig 
bpacaip DopD .8. Dominic ooiponeab ina lonab i ccill alao ua ppiachpac, -j 
5paba eppuic Do cabaipc paip i ccuaim an Dapa Dorhnac Don searhcopjup. 

TllamipDip DO benarh Do bpaicpib .8. Oomimc i Slicceach. 

meadow, or bog-island. It is mentioned at the b Thomas O'Quin He was a Franciscan Iriar, 

years 1003 and 1069 as a monastery; but its and was confirmed by King Henry III., on the 

exact situation, or modern name, has not been 20th of February, 1252, English style See 

determined. Harris's edition of Ware's Bishops, p. 171. 

a Ditcontiniied, DO cpfcceuo, literally, was c Gilla-Kelly O'RuaidJtin See Harris's edi- 

abandoned. In modern times this entry would tion of Ware's Bishops, p. 6oO, where the Edi- 

be thus expressed: New coin was issued in Ire- tor writes, under JOHN O'MAILFAGAMAIR, who 

land by order of the King of England, and the died in 1234 : " I do not find who was his next 

old coin was called in. successor. But it is certain the see was vacant 



1 ' , ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IKKI.AND. .,17 

( > Xeill was given up to him as a hostage. It was on this expedition u nut 
took place between the nu-u of Meath and the men of Minuter, in tin- [KnulUli] 
camp at Dundalk, and many of the men of Munster were killed. 

Great heat and drought prevailed in this Summer, so that people crossed 
the [beds of the] principal rivers of Ireland with dry feet The reaping of tin- 
corn crops of Ireland was going on twenty days before Lammas [the 1st of 
August], and the trees were scorched by the heat of the sun. 

New money was ordered by the King of England to be made [coined] in 
Ireland, and the money previously in use was discontinued*. 

Mill-rough O'Fallon, High Constable of Connaught, was slain in Moy-Rein 
l>v the men of Breifny. 

Godfrey O'Donne 11 made a predatory incursion into Tyrone, and took many 
rows and prisoners, but was overtaken as he was leaving the country by Brian 
O'Neill, and a fierce battle was fought between them, in which the Kinel- 
( )wen were defeated, and left behind many heads, with a great number of 
their chieftains [i. e. as prisoners]. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1253. 

The Age of Christ, one tliousand two hundred fifty-three. 

A 1 inn O'Sullivan, Bishop of Lisniore, died. 

David, the son of Kellagh O'Gillapatrick, Bishop of Clonmacnoisc, d led 
nnd Thomas O'Quin", a friar minor, was consecrated at Rome as his successor. 

Gilla-Kelly O'Ruaidhin e , Bishop of Hy-Fiachrach [Killala], died, and John 
< i Laidig, a friar of the order of St Dominic, was elected to succeed him at 
Killala in Hy-Fiachrach, and the degree of Bishop conferred on him at Tuam, 
on the second Sunday in Lent. 

A monastery for Dominican Friars was founded at Sligo. 

on the 22nd of June, 1253, on which day King mair, or who interveiu-d ; but there u mention 

H.nry III. granted a licence to proceed to the made in the Records, of a Bishop of KiOala 

, 1, , tion of a Bishop of Killala, as appears in the (whose name is not told) who went to England 

Records of the Tower of London." He then with Florenct Mae Fli*, Archbishop of Tuam, 

remarks, under O'LxiDio : " I do not know A. D. 1255, to complain of grievances." 
In- immediately succeeded O'Mail/aya- 

2 r2 



348 QHwata Rio^hachca emeaNN. [1253. 

TTlamipDip Do ropamn Dona bpairpib cena ag ac lechan illuijhmb. 

Cmpc DO Denarii la comalcac ua cconcobaip eppcop oilipinn i call cepin. 

Gojan ua hebin cicchfpna ua ppiachpac DO ecc. 

Injfn an lapla ulcoijj bCn milio mic goipoealbaij Do ecc -| a habnacal i 
mamipDip na buille. 

Sluaiccheab mop la gallaib eipeann im TTIac minpipgo noeachaib i rcip 
rieojhain Do paijib uf nell -| nochap jabpac jell na eoipeaba innce, uaip 
cuccab ap abbal mop Don oul pin oppa. 

Coccab mop Do Denarii la bpian ua nell plaic cenel neojain pop jallaib, 
1 oul DO 50 moij coba gup cpapccpab a caiplen leipp nnniaille le mop DO 
caiplenaib oile. Coipcccfp an Spaobaile leipp ~\ polmaijip macaipe ulab. 

Sluaiccheao Do Denarh Do Domnall uaRagallai^ i Don caec uaTJajallaij 
Do cacal ua concobaip ~\ DO jiollu na naem 6 peapjail i muincip eolaipp 
DionnpaighiD cacail mecc Rajnaill gup aipccpfcc an cip uile. baoap Da 
oibce longpuipc 05 culaij alainn, -| an cpfpp oiDc'e 05 eanac Duib. Deiljip 
giollu na naerh ua pfpgail ppiu annpin. UeaccaiD muincip Pajallaij i carol 
6 concobaip 50 cluain conmaicne co mbaDap abaij lonjpuipc innce. Oo 

4 Atit Leathau, i. e. the broad ford, now Bally- this passage is rather carelessly constructed by 
lalian, in the north of the parish of Templemore, the Four Masters. The literal translation is as 
in the barony of Gallen, and county of Mayo. follows: " A great hosting by the Galls of Ire- 
See Ordnance Map of the county of Mayo, land about Mac Maurice, so that they went into 
sheet 61. The Four Masters are wrong in Tyrone against O'Neill, and they did not take 
placing this in the territory of Lcyny, for it is hostages or pledges, for a prodigious great 
certainly in the ancient territory of Gailenga, slaughter was, on that occasion, brought on 
O'Gara's original country. them." It is thus Englished in the old transla- 

e Kittlesin, nowKilteashin, thenameof atown- tion of the Annals of Ulster: " A. D: 1253. A 
land in the west of the parish of Ardcarne, in the great army by Mac Morris, &c., went to Tyrone, 
barony of Boyle, and county of Roscommon. and tooke" [i. e. obtained] " neither force nor 
There are at present no ruins of this palace to be might there. And the Galls lost a great navy" 
seen here, but there is a mound called Suidhe [recte army] u by that journey." 
;iu Easbuig, i. e. the Bishop's seat, near which, g Chief of Kinel-Oicen. In the Dublin copy 
tradition says, the Bishop of Elphin had formerly of the Annals of Ulster he i called pij^ ripe 
a palace. See entries under the years 1243 ami heoain, i. e. King of Tyrone, and in the old 
1258. It is sometimes called Cill Seisin by tlio translation of these Annals he is styled Arch- 
annalists, but now always cill tSeipin, or Kil- king of the A'orth of Ireland. Thus: 
teashin, by the natives. "A. D. 1253. An army by Brien O'Neal, 

f Hut far from obtaining. The language of Archking of the North of Ireland, to Moycova, 



ANNALS OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 

Another monastery for the same order of friars was founded at Ath- 
Leathan' 1 in Leyny. 

A palace was erected by Tomaltagh O'Conor, Bishop of Elphin, at 
Killtesin'. 

Owen <)'IIeyne, Lord of Hy-Fiachrach [Aidhne], died. 

The daughter of the Earl of Ulster, wife of Miles Mac Costello, died, and 
was interred in the Abbey of Boyle. 

A great hosting by the English of Ireland, under the command of Ma*; 
Maurice (Fitzgerald), and they marched into Tyrone against O'Neill; but, far 
from obtaining' either hostages or pledges from him, they were cut off with 
very great slaughter on that occasion. 

A great war was waged with the English by Brian O'Neill, Chief of Kinel- 
< hven*. He marched to Moy-Cova, the castle of which, with a great number 
of other castles, he demolished. He also burned Sradbhaile*, and desolated 
Machaire-Uladh 1 . 

An incursion was made by Donnell O'Reilly and the Caech [Monoculus] 
O'Reilly, Cathal O'Conor, and Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, into Muintir-Eolais 
against Cathal Mac Rannall, and they plundered the entire country. They 
remained two nights encamped at Tulach-alainn", and stopped the third night 
at Annaghduff 1 , where Gilla-na-naev separated from the others. The O'Reilly < 

and Cathal O'Conor then marched to Cluain-Conmaicne", where they remained 



broke down the castle, and many castles more which simply means " ttrett-totcit." 
in Ulster, &" [killed] "many men in that ' Mackaire Uladh, i. e. the plain of Ulidia. 

journey." This was an ancient name for the level part -I 

" Sradbhaile, L e. Street-town This is still the county of Down, which wa at this period 

the local name for the town of Dundalk, in tho called Uladh by the Irish. 
county of Louth; but sometimes the natives of * Tulaek-aluinn. The ancient name ol a hill 

ir- immediate vicinity call it simply an crp6i, nt the village of Carrigallcn, in the county ot 

i. >. " I/if street," \\itliout ad&ng buile; in like Leitriin. 

manner as they coll Drogheda [Pontana cieitat] ' AtuugUtf, eonac ouiB. A prih near 

simply tin opoiceao, i. a. "the bridge," with- Dmmsna, in the county of Leitrim. 
outaddiiiirnni, i. t-. of the ford. The strand n, a r Cbiain Cmtmaieiu Now the village of 

Dundalk was anciently called Traigh Bhail.' doone, in the barony of Mohill, and county of 

mhic Buain, i. o. the strand of Baile, the son of Loitrim. There was a monastery erected hero 

Buan, btit tins has no connexion whatever with in the aixth century by St. Cruunthcr Fraech, 

it- more modern appellation of SpaoBaile. but there is not a vestige of it at present Sw 



aNNdta Rio^liachca emeaNN. [1254. 

cuala aeb mac peblimib pin cionoilip co cinneapnac a mumcep. Cenaipp 
moporh 50 cluam Uuccpac cpfpp aj^japb Dia poile j;up moibib pop mumcip 
TCajallaij, mapbrap ann Donnchaoh mac jiollu lopu mic Donncaib uf l?aal- 
lai, mac jiollu coeoocc ua biobpaij, ~\ pochaibe oile imaille piu. 

Tnamepcip .8. Ppanpeip in apDpeapca DO oenom la ITlac TTIuipip ciap- 
pmfce. 

QO1S CR10SO, 1254. 
Qoip CpiopD, mfle, Da ceo, caocca, a ceacaip. 

TTlaolpinnen ua beolldin corhopba Dpoma clmb Do ecc. 

ITIupcan ua maoilpeaclamn DO rhapbab la mac an cpionnaij ui carap- 
naij. 

QinDilfpp ua hmnfpji cuip engnama chuaipccipc epeann Do ecc. 

Piapup ppamipcep cicchfpna conmaicne Duin moip Do ecc. 

TTlaimpDip bparap .8. Oomimc in ac leachan DolopccaD uile. 

Piapup Pipcubapcc cicchfpna pil maoilpuam, bapun eppibe, a mapbab 
np loch pib la mupcao ua maoilpeaclamn. 

Sicpeacc mag peanlaoi 5 DO jabail Dpe6limi& mac carail cpoibDeipg, ~\ 
an peanpuileac mac peanlaoich Do DallaD laipp a lopp aimlfpa, oip DO 
paiheab pip co mbaoap 05 peallaD paip. 

Oonnchab mac DonnchaiD mic comalcaij, -| amlaoib ua biobpaij DO 
rhapbab la Connachcaib i ccluain Conmaicne. 

ITIa^nup ua ganpa Do mapbab cpe anpocham Do muinnp mic peblimm 
in concobaip. 

Colgan's Ada Sanctorum, p. 346, and Lanigan's Londonderry. This passage is not in the Dub- 
Ecclesiastical History of Ireland, vol. ii; p. 324. lin copy of the Annals of Ulster; but it is found 
The name of this saint is now locally pronounced thus Englishc-d in the old translation: " A. D. 
Cruffer Eee. 1254. Anyles Hfterge, the threshold of ruan- 
n Ardfert is a village in the barony of Clan- hood [tcin^nurhcij, in the North of Ireland, 
maurice, and county of Kerry, about four miles died." 

to the north-west of Tralee. The extensive ' Citiaictie of Dunmore. This territory is 

ruins of this monastery are still to be seen a comprised in the barony of Dunmore, in the 

short distance to the east of the village. north of the county of Gahvay, which at thii 

" Ilmery. The O'Henerys were seated in period belonged to the family of Bermingham, 

tin- viillcj of Glenconkeine, in the county of or Bnmingham, of which name Pramister, in 



ir>4.] ANNALS OF TUB KINGDOM OF IRELAND. 

imped for a night When Hugh, the son of Felim, heard this, he quickly 
assembled his forces, and followed them to Cluain. They gave each a fierce 
battle, in which the Muintir-Reilly were defeated, and Donougb, son of Gillu- 
Isa, the son of Donough O'Reilly, the son of Gilla-Toedog O'Biobhsaigh, and 
many others, were slain. 

The Franciscan monastery of Ardfert" was founded by Fitzmaurice ol 
Kerry. 

THE AGE OF CHRIST, 1254. 

The Age of Christ, one thousand ttco hundred fifty-four. 



Maelfinnen O'Beollain, Coarb of Druracliff, died. 

Murrough O'Melaghlin was slain by the son of the Sinnagh (the Fox) 
O'Caharny. 

Aindiles O'Henery , tower of the valour of the north of Ireland, died. 

Pierce Pramister, Lord of Conmaicne, of Dunmore", died. 

The Dominican monastery of Ath-leathan [Ballylahan, in the county of 
Mayo] was totally destroyed by fire. 

Pierce Ristubart q , Lord of Sil-Mailruain', and a baron, was slain on Lough 
Ree, by Murrough O'Melaghlin. 

Sitric Mac Shanly was taken prisoner by Felim, the son of Cathal Crovderg, 
who also caused Sean-Shuilcach Mac Shanly to be blinded, for he had been 
told that they- were forming treacherous plots against him. 

Donough, son of Donough, who was son of Tomaltagh [Mac Dermot], and 
Auliffe O'Biobhsaigh, were slain by the Connacians, at Cluain-Conmaicne. 

.Maims O'Gara was unjustly' slain by the people of the son of Felim O'Conur. 

the text, is obviously a corruption. Muilruain, Baro ille, occisui est super Lacum 

i Pierce AufutanA At the year 1235 the Righe per Murchadum O'Melaghlin." 

Four Masters call the Baron Walter de Riddles- r SU-Maelnuun. This was the tribe name 

ford by the strange nameof&alcaip Riccabapo, of the O'Flynns of Ballinlough, in the west of 

and the probability is, that Ristubard is here an the county of Roscommon, who appear to have 

attempt ut writing the same surname. If not, been for a time subdued by this baron ; but 

the name' intended may be Rochfort This sen- they recovered their possessions soon after bi- 

tenco is rather carelessly constructed by the death. 

Fuur Muster*. The literal translation is as fol- ' Unjtudy. Cp empocam means per ntfat; 

lows : " Piarus Ristubardus, dominus de Sil- focim means cause; an-poeain, wrong cause. 



352 cmNCK-a Rio^hachra eiReaww. [1255. 

17i ppanc DO coibeachc o lepupalem lap nDenam pioba ceopa mbliaban 
eoip na cpiopoaijpb ~\ na pioppaipomib. 

TTlainepcip glap cille oajia Do Denarii la hiapla cille Dapa, -| acd cumba 
onopach qca i pepel muipe ip in rhainepcip ceccna. 

aois crcioso, 1255. 

Qoip CpiopD, mile, Da ceD, caocca, a cuig. 

Oonnplebe 6 ploinn abb pecclepa peoaip ~[ POI! in Qpomaca Do ecc, -\ 
paccpaicc ua muipeabaij ppioip an cije ceona Do coja DO cum na hab- 
Dame. 

Uomap mac Oiapmaoa aipanneac oilepinn DO ecc. peappun maijhi 



luipg aipnj, i cloinne cuain eipiDe. 

Ua laioij aipcmneac eanaij Dum DO ecc. 

Qe6 mac peblimiD ui concobaip Do Dull ccfp eojain -| pic Do Denamh Do 
eoip a araip pen -| cuaipccfpc 6peann ) a paibe Do connaccaib ap eppir 
ipm cuaipccfpr Do cabaipc lepp acuaic cpe lap a DfpjnamaD cona nimep- 
jpb, .1. mec Ruampi ui concobaip i goill, -| nocha larhoaoip upcoio Do Denarh 
Doib an narhaiD pin, .1. mec Ruaibpi ~\ na joill pfmpaice. 

ITlac cfpbaill Do gabail aipDeppucoioeacca caipil murhan. 

plopenp mac ploinn aipoeppucc cuama DO Dul cap muip Dajallairh 



' Under this year the Dublin copy of the An- in the county Cork], about the fight of Cow- 

nals of Innisfallen, and a fragment of a Minister boys, by the people of O'Mahony." 
copy of the same, contain the following notice of The Crom here mentioned is the ancestor of 

a local feud in Munster : all the septs of the O' Donovan family in the ba- 

" A. D. 1254. pmjin Reanna pom, mac ronies of Carbery, in the county of Cork, and of 

Oomncull 5 UI0 ' 1 O OonnnBum DO maptjuo several others in Leinster. He gave name to 

Oiapmaoa uiTTIar^arhna, a n-eipic anChpuim Gleann a Chruim, i. e. Crom's Glen, a district 

liui DhonnaBam oo mapbao ap Innpe an