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cctxmcctcc uiccbh. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEE. 

OTHERWISE, 

ccNNalcc senccit;, 

ANNALS OF SENAT; 



A CHRONICLE OF IKISH AFFAIRS 

1 W 

FROM AD. 431, TO A.D. 1540 




DITED, WITH A TRANSLATION AND NOTES, 

BY 

WILLIAM M. HENNESSY, M.R.I.A., 

THE ASSISTANT DEPUTY KEEPER OF THE RECORDS. 

VOL. I. 
A.D. 4311056. 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOEITY OF THE LOUDS COMMISSIONERS OF HER MAJESTY'S 
TBEASUEY, UNDER THE DIltECTION OF THE COUNCIL OF THE 
ROYAL HUSH ACADEMY. 



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1887. 
Price 10s. 



m^iT 



*( 

**^ 

CrIHW 



CONTENTS. 



rage 

PREFACE, iii 

CHRONICLE, 



JT? 



frefci- ifrfl^ f 



THE Editor was desirous that the important publication 
of which this forms the first volume should be published 
in a complete form, and not in separate volumes, for the 
reason that, considering the great value of the Chronicle, 
the questions so often discussed regarding the compilers 
and the sources trom which the work was compiled, and 
the relation to each other of the MSS. from which the 
text has been formed, it seemed necessary that these 
subjects should be dealt with in an Introductory Essay. 
But it would be obviously impossible to write an Intro- 
duction of the nature required before the whole work 
was in print. The Council of the Royal Academy, under 
whose direction the publication of the work has been 
placed by the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty's 
Treasury, having ordered the immediate publication of 
this volume, the Editor submitted respectfully to their 
directions. The Introduction must therefore appear in 
the last volume of the work in that, namely, containing 
the Appendices and Index. 

W. M. H. 

June, 1887. 

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ANNALS OP ULSTER; 

OTHERWISE, 

a*mcclcc seNccir. 
ANNALS OF SENAT. 



ccKmcctcc uiccbh. 



Fol. 16a. 



ihc, 

esc iMcipene, 1:111 GST; pwme. 



t lenccifi. (Xnno abincan,nat;ione'oornini cccc. 
'ccocx. 1. palla-ouif QT> Scosof a Celefinno 
ibif Uomae epifcopo ofiTmicrciif epifcopiif, 
CCeno er llalen.io conpubbup pfumur rnimcun, m hi- 
befiniarn, uc Chpifstim cn.6T>eft6 pocuiffent;, anno 
11111. 




1 Falladws. Prosper Aquitanus, in 
his Chronicon, Basso et Antiocho coss. 
(I.e. A.D. 431), after mention of the 
Council of Ephesus adds : " Ad Scotos 
in Christum credentes, ordinatus a 
papa Coelestio Palladius, et primus 
episcopusmittitur" (Opp.p.432). This 
cardinal record in Irish church history 
has been repeated by Beda, Ckron., p. 
26, and Hist. Eccl twice, i., 13, v., 24 ; 
where he assigns 430 as the year, i.e. 
of his mission, whereas 431 was the 
date of his arrival. See Pagi, Critica, 
t. ii., pp. 2146, 2386. Subsequent 
chroniclers, enumerated by Ussher, 
IVks. vi., 353, have adopted the same 
form of words, among them Marianus 
Scotus, who notices both Palladius and 
Patricius, under the 8th of Theodosius, 
junior. Palladius is styled by Muir- 
chu, writing circ. 690, <; Archidiaco- 
nus pape Caelestini" (Bk. Arm., fol. 
2aa). So theVit. Sec. in Colgan, Trias 
Thaum., p. 136 ; the Vit. Quarta, ib. p. 
386; Probus, ib. 486; the Vit. Tripart. 



-oechon, which Colgan not 
very closely renders, "eximium Dia- 
conum," ib. p. 123a. 

2 Cehstinus. The writers in the 
Book of Armagh note him as " qua- 
dragensimus quintus a sancto Petro 
apostolo," fol. 2oa, 16ra. But Prosper, 
Idatius, and Marcellinus, whom these 
ann. profess to follow, have XLI. 
Sixtus, his successor, is set down next 
year as XLII. 

3 Etlus and Valerius. Their con- 
sulship belongs lo 432. Bassus and 
Antiochus were the consuls of this year. 

4 Might believe Prosper 's i Chris- 
tum credentes has, from Ussher down, 
been generally understood as implying 
that there existed at the time in Ire- 
land a number of acephalous Chris- 
tians. Muirchu, who, writing about 
690, says of Palladius that he had 
been ordained and sent " ad hanc in- 
solam sub brumali rigore possitam 
convertendam " (Bk. Arm., fo. 2aa), 
or "ad doctrinam Scottorum" (ib. 



ANNALS OP ULSTEll, 



JESUS, 

Mine it is to Begin, Thine it is to Finish. 



RALENDS of January. In the year 431 from the 
Incarnation of the Lord, Palladius, 1 ordained by 
Celestinus, 2 bishop of the City of Rome, is sent, in the 
consulship of Etius and Valerius, 3 into Ireland, first bishop 
to the Scots, that they might believe 4 in Christ ; in the 
8th year of Theodosius. 5 



[431.] 



IGaa). Nennius comes next, about 
half a century after the Book of Ar- 
magh was written, and he, drawing as 
he says, " de historiis Scottorum licet 
inimicorum," expressly states " ad 
Sccttos in Christum convertendos " 
(p. 41). Probus uses language simi- 
lar to that of Muirchu (Tr. Th. 486). 
The Tripart. Life, the substance of 
which can be proved to be older than 
800. says, -DO pjxccicepc -DO 'goi'De- 
laibh, ' to instruct the Gaeidhil'. So 
Vit. Sec. in Colgan, Tr. Th., 136; 
Vit. Tert (ib. 23a) ; Vit. Quart, (ib. 
386); Jocelin (t'6. 70a). Ussher's Irish 
Life had what his interpreter renders 
"ad praedicandum Hibernis"; while 
his Latin Tripart. Life had " ad Sco- 
tos convertendos ad Christum" ( Wks., 
vi. 368). Even for the wording of the 
present text, which is so rude, there 
is a counterpart in the Annals of Inis- 
fallen at 431, " Palladius ad Scotos a 
Caelestino, urbis Romae episcopo, or- 
dinatus, primus mittitur in Hiberniam, 
ut Christum credere potuissent. " This 



and the text would seem to imply that 
the Irish had the offer of conversion, 
but refused it. Prosper closed his 
chronicle in 455, but in a work which 
is peculiarly important as having been 
written in 433, i.e. 2 years after Pal- 
ladius' arrival, he says of Caelestine, 
" Ordinato Scotis episcopo, dum Ro- 
manam insulam (i e. Britanniam) 
studet servare Catholicam, fecit etiam 
barbaram Christianam " Contra C"os- 
sianum, c. 20 (Opp. 209). Innes re- 
conciles the two statements of Prosper 
to his own satisfaction (Hist., p. 55); 
but Sir James "Ware, more in accord- 
ance with Irish writers, says " Et ad 
Prosper! ipsa verba, Scotos in Chris- 
tum credentes, quodattinet.eafortasse 
referenda sunt ad tempus quo Pros- 
per Chronicon suum scripsit, quando 
nempe longe maxima pars Hiberniae 
ad Christi fidem, S. Patricii praedica- 
tione et opera sua fuit converse" (S. 
Pair. Opusc. p. 107> 

s Theodosius. See note on Theodo- 
sius the younger, in the year following. 
B2 



ocNNcctcc ulcroti. 



]ct. lenaip. (ui. p. bin). CCnno T>ornmi cccc. xxx. 11. 
(vm. -DC. xxxtn. fecunT)um Thonipiurn). paqfiiciuf pefm- 
enic at> hibejiniam nono anno pe^m 'Ceo'DOfn rninon.ip, 
pn.imo anno epipcopasup Ctifn, xt. 11. epipcopi Homane 
eclefie. Sic en time pant; OeT>a ec Tnan.cilliuf ec 1pfio- 
T>on.up m cfiomcip ftnp. [1n xu (uet xnn) anno fie^m 
mic Neilt. CCbmiuio ITIUITDI iuxt;a Ixx. mcefi- 
u. T)ccc. Ixxxu ; mxca uefio Gbfieof TnT. -DCXXXUI. 
CCb mcan-namone ue^io iuxr;a 6bp.eof "oclxxxu, fecunTum 
aucem T)ionifium cccc. xxx. n. anni f unc ; fecun-oum 
ue^o beT>am cccc. xxxi anni func.] 

]ct. lenaip.. CCnno "Domini cccc. xxx. ni (TTTi.T)c. xxxun.) 

]ct. lenaifi. (11. p. tu. u.) CCnno T>omim cccc. xxx. 

1111. (Tvn. -ocxxxuni.) Cecna bfiar; Saxan T)1 6n.e [no 



1 Friday. This was leap-year, and 
the Sunday letter CB, as the 1st of 
January fell on the sixth day of the 
week. It may be observed here, once 
for all, that the chronological nota- 
tions, except the year of the Lord, 
whether at the beginning or close of 
the entries of each year, are not in 
prima manu, but added subsequently 
in paler ink. 

3 Dionysius. See his system referred 
to at A.D. 531 infra. 

3 Patrick arrived. See Ussher, 
Whs., vi, 370, 371, 396-407, 443 ; 
Todd, St. Patrick, pp. 392-399. 

4 Theodosius the younger. There 
are three dates for the commencement 
of the reign of Theodosius junior 
1st, A.D. 402, when he was declared 
Augustus by his father, Arcadius; 2nd, 
A.D. 408, when Arcadius died, and he 
succeeded to the empire of the East ; 
3rd, A.D. 423, when, on August 15, 
his uncle Honorius, Emperor of the 
West, died, and thus left him supreme 
in the regions of Latin. The third era 



is that which these Annals adopt, as 
did Beda, in Chron., and H.E., i., 13. 
So also the Chron. Scot. ; Ann. Inisf. ; 
Leab. Brec. ; Vit. Tripart, and Mari- 
anus Scotus. Tirechan states, " xiii. 
anno Teotbosii," but 30 + 24 would 
be according to the earlier computa- 
tions, so that his xiii. is evidently a 
clerical error for uiii. Baronius takes 
exception to the present date, and 
observes at A.c. 429, vii., " ex Prospero 
corrigendum esse Bedam " ; upon 
which Smith well observes, "non ex 
Prospero Beda, sed ex Beda Baro- 
nius corrigendus est " (Baeda, i., 13, 
p. 51). See Pagi, Critica, ii., 2146, 
n., xi. 

5 Xistus Over this name is written, 
in another hand Celestine, which is an 
error. Celestine died 13 July, 432, 
and Sixtus iii. was consecrated eleven 
days afterwards. In the chronicles 
of Prosper, Idatius, and Marcellinus, 
Sixtus is set down as 42nd Bishop of 
Rome. 

Chronicles. This is a very slov- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Friday, 1 m. . . .) A.D. 432 (4636, according [432.] 
to Dionysius). 2 Patrick arrived 8 at Ireland, in the 9th 
year of the reign of Theodosius the younger, 4 in the first 
year of the episcopate of Xistus, 5 the 42nd bishop of the 
Church of Rome. So Beda, and Marcellinus, and Isidorus 
compute in their chronicles. 8 [In the 15th (or 14th) 
year of the reign of Laegaire, son of Niall. 7 From the 
beginning of the world, 8 according to the LXX. Interpre- 
ters, 5885 years; but according to the Hebrews, 4636. 
Also, from the Incarnation, according to the Hebrews, 
685 ; but, according to Beda, there are 431 years.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 433 (4637). [433.] 

Kal. Jan. (Monday, m. 5.) A.D. 434 (4638.) The [434.] 
first prey 9 by the Saxons 10 from Ireland [or, in Ireland], 



enly entry ; the chronological order 
of the writers is inverted, and Beda 
says nothing on the subject. Marcel- 
linus has " Valeric et Aetio coss. (i.e. 
432), Romanae ecclesise Xystus xlii. 
episcopus ordinatus, vixit annis viii." 
7 Laetjaire, son of Niall. O'Fla- 
herty makes the 4th of Laeghaire to 
synchronize with 432 ; therefore 428 
+ 35, the length of his reign, makes 
4G3, the correct date of his death. 
Ann. Inisfall., and the ancient autho- 
rities cited by Petrie from Leabhar 
Brec, place Patrick's arrival in the 
4th of Laeghaire (Tara, 77, 79) ; so 
also the F. Mast. Nennius says, " In 
quinto anno Loygare regis exorsus est 
praedicare fidem Christi" (p. 44). 
But though Ann. Inisf. here assign 
the 4th, further on they have a stray 
sentence, which contradicts this 
" Patricius vero xiii vel ut alii di- 
cunt xiiii . anno ejusdem venit ad 
Scotos Patricius." And in the present 
entry xiiii. is written al man. over 
xu. The addition therefore of 10 to 
the regnal year of Laeghaire brings 
us down to 443, the date at which 



Todd has arrived from independent 
considerations, S. Patr. 392-399 

Beginning of the world. The 
whole of this chronological paragraph 
is added by another hand, which sub- 
sequently appears in similar additions. 
9 Prey. The Irish bjxac or bfiat) 
seems to be cognate to the Latin 
praeda. From bp.<ro comes the ad- 
ject. bfuroccch " thievish," the noun 
bfurocnj, a "thief," and the name 
mac bficroaij;, now Brady. At 820 
Infra, we find bfxcro in the form 



10 Saxons. The Saxons first ap- 
pear in history at A.D. 287, and then 
as marauders. At 364, according to 
Ammianus Marcellinus, " Picti Saxo- 
nesque, et Scotti et Attacotti Britan- 
nos terumnis vexavere continuis" 
(xxvi. 5). They were associated with 
the Picts when defeated by the Bri- 
tons in the Alleluiatic victory, which 
Ussher, on just grounds, places at the 
year 430, and which was certainly 
prior to the year 435, as St Germa- 
nus the leader died that year. See 
his excellent obss., Wks. v. 385, 



6 



CCUNCClCC 



Fol. 16a&. 



jet. 1 enaip. CCnno Tornini cccc. xxx. u. (nn. TJC. xxxix.) 
TDopp bpeppail pegip Lai^en. [Opopiup ec Ppoppep ec 
CipiUup m -ooctpma Chpipci plopuepunc pecummm 
quop-oam]. 

]ct. 1 enaip. (4 p. 1. 27.) CCnno T>otnim cccc. ococx. 
ui. (iTiT. T>C. xl.) tlet hie mopp bpepait. Opopiup et; 
Ppoppep ec Cipillup m Chpipco plop.uep.unt:, [tiel m 
oocrpma Chpipn, pecunr>um abop. tlet hoc anno Ope- 
fal mopcuup ept pecunDum abop]. 

jet. lenaip. (6 p., I. 9, alias 8 a .) CCnno 7>omini cccc. 
xxx. tin. (1111. T)C. xb.) pnnbapp mac hui bapT>ene. 

]ct. lenaip,. (7 p., 20 lunae.) CCnno T>omini cccc. 
xxx. uin. (vnT. -DC. xlii.) Sencup mop T>O pcpibunn ; [uel 
quoT) hie -oebec mpepi SecunDUp cum pocnp pecun-oum 
abum tibpum]. 



Also Thorpe's Lappenbcrg, vol. i., 
62, 63. The Irish invasion here re- 
corded may have been a sequel to 
their defeat in Britain. These annals 
assign their permanent arrival in 
England to 464 ; and they add asecond 
descent on Ireland at 471 infra. The 
authorities, followed by the Books of 
Lecan and Ballymote, represent the 
wife of Eochaidh Muighmedhoin, 
Cairenn Casdubh ("curly black"), 
mother of Niallix. Host., as daughter 
of a king of the Saxons. Which is 
adopted by O'Flaherty, Ogyg. 376, 
393. Indorb Find, also, wife of 
Eoghan, son of Niall, is said to have 
been daughter of a Saxon prince. 
Mac Firbis, however, Geneal. MS., p. 
108, contends that the first named 
woman was more likely to have been 
Pictish or North British. It is curi- 
ous that the B. of Armagh, referring 
to the death of Munissa, a disciple of 
St. Patrick, whom some of his Lives 
style Britoniua, speaks "de morte 
Moneisen Saxonissce" (fol. 20 ab). 



1 Bressal More fully in the F. 
Mast. (435), " Breasal Bealach, son 
of Fiacha Aiceadh, son of Cathair 
Mdr (king of Leinster), died." The 
death of Cathair Mdr is set down at 
A.D. 174, so that there must be a de- 
ficiency of several generations in the 
descent. See Keating, 308 ; Ogyg. 
311 ; B. of Rights, 201-203. 

2 According to some. This, from 
Orosius, added al. manu. See under 
next year. 

3 Orosius Cyril Ororius, in A. 
by a clerical error. Paulus Orosius, 
a priest of Tarragona, flor. 416. In 
413 he was sent by two Spanish 
bishops to St. Augustin ; during his 
stay with whom, and at whose in- 
stance, he composed his Historia. 
St. Augustin characterizes him as 
" Vigil ingenio, promtus eloquio, 
flagrans studio," Epist. 166. Prosper, 
of Aquitaine, appeared before pope 
Ccelestine, in 431 (the year of Pal- 
ladius' mission), to vindicate the 
memory of St. Augustin. In 433 he 



ANNALS OF ITLSTER. 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 435 (4639). Death of Bressal, 1 King 
of Leinster. [Orosius, and Prosper, and Cyril flourished 
in the doctrine of Christ, according to some.] 8 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 27). A.D. 436 (4640). Or, here 
the death of Bresal. Orosius, Prosper, and Cyril, 8 flour- 
ished in Christ [or, in the doctrine of Christ, according to 
others. Or, in this year Bresal died, according to others.] 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 9, or 8). A.D. 437 (4641). Finn- 
barr 4 son of Ua Bardene. 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 20). A.D. 438 (4642). The Sen- 
chus Mor 5 was written. (Or, here should be inserted 6 
Secundus with his companions, according to another 
book.) 



[435.] 



[437.] 



[438.] 



published his Collator, and in 455 he 
completed his Chronicon, which is a 
very important record. Cyril, patri- 
arch of Alexandria, presided at the 
third General Council, in 431, and 
died in 444. The mention of his 
name here was probably suggested by 
Isidore, who says, in his Chronicon, 
" Hoc tempore Cyrillus Alexandrite 
episcopus, insignis est habitus." Opp. 
vii. 101. The best edition of his 
works is that by Jo. Aubertus, 6 torn. 
(in 7 voll.), foL Paris, 1638. Gibbon 
accuses him of tyranny, murder, and 
a long list of crimes and infirmities. 
Decline, ch. 47. With such a wide 
margin as the claruere of these three 
writers it was absurd to repeat the 
entry the year following. 

* Finnbarr. The F. Mast, borrow 
this entry, changing the descent to 
mac UabcnfVDene, and adding-oecc, 
4 died ' ; but they give no clue to his 
lineage or history. O'Donovan sup- 
posed that Ua Baird, which appears 
in St. Patrick's kindred, might be 
intended. It is more likely, however, 
that the reference is to some one 



mccccu bccifvoene, 'of the sons of 
Bairdene,' such as the Dal Bairdine 
of Uladh, whom Tighern. notices at 
628, these Annals at 627, and the F. 
Mast, at 623. Colgan's conjecture 
of Firtnanus, TV. Thaum. 268a, is in- 
admissible. 

* Senchus Mor. "Chronicon Mag- 
num scriptum est." O'Connor, R. H. 
SS. iv. 1 . It was a body of laws, the 
first materials of which were com- 
piled by St. Patrick and some of his 
disciples ; and which grew by sub- 
sequent accretions till it attained its 
present voluminous dimensions. The 
Senchup 1T)6fx, occupying 4 vols. of 
the intended series of the Ancient 
Laws of Ireland, was published in 
the years 1865, 1869, 1873-79, edited 
by Professors Hancock, O'Mahony, 
and Richey, from the texts and trans- 
lations of the late Dr. O'Donovan 
and Professor O'Curry. In the 
learned Prefaces to these important 
volumes full information is given of 
the code. 

6 Inserted. Inserti, for insert, A. 
See under next year. 



ulcroti. 



b. Jet. lenaip. (1. p., 1. 1.) CCnno -DOTnim cccc. xxx. ix. 
(mi. "DC. xlm.) SecuiTDUf, CCuxiliup, ec Sep.nintif 
ctipecepifcopi ippi m Ilibepniam m auxilmm 

|ct. lenaip. (2 -p., 1. u.) CCnno 7>ommi cccc. xxxx. 
(TviT. -DC. xtun.) 6xmip Xipci epipcopi Homane aecle- 
pie, qui tuxir; um. anmp m epifcopcrcu Romane eclepie 
ec xxun. -oiebup, uc be-oa nappat m cponico fuo. CCln 
bbpi Tncum; TYlaine -pibum "Heill m ipco anno pepippe. 
[CCu5Up7>in naerfi ap na gaBcnl on Beauaig po cmpa f eif 6T> 
bliaT>am T>hec ap 3 xx. 1 ^ a aife, epipcopacup uep,o pui 
anno 40. "pLopuic CCu^Ufoin cipca annop -Domini 
cccc. co f.] 



1 Secundus. Recte Secundinus. 
Called Sechnall by the Irish, and 
from him dotnnctcti Sechnaitt, now 
Dunshaughlin, in the S.E. of Meath, 
derives its name. Born in 374, which 
is the alleged year of St. Patrick's 
birth, who was his uncle, and in 
honour of whom he composed the 
hymn Audite omnes. See Ussher, 
Wl-s. vi. 383, 384, 401, 518 ; Colgan, 
Tr. Thaum., 2266 ; Todd, Lib. Hymnor. 
7-42. His death is entered below at 
447. 

Auxilius. Brother of Secun- 
dinus, sixth son of Restitut Ua 
mBaird, and, with Isserninus, or- 
dained as a coadjutor of St. Patrick. 
In Irish his name assumes the form 
of Ausaille or Usaille. Cill-Ausaille, 
now Killashee, in co. Kildare is called 
from him, and he is also patron of 
Cill Ua mBaird, now Killymard, near 
Donegal, in the county of the same 
name. His death is entered at 459 
infra. 

3 Serninus. Generally written Is- 
serninus ; but sometimes Eserninus, 
B. Arm. foL 15bb ; Serenus, Tr. 
Thaum. p. 14a ; Iserinus, Nennius, 43. 
In the B. of Armagh he is in three 



instances called epfcop ^icti, one 
of which is as a gloss upon his name, 
in the following passage " Patricius 
et Iserninus (.1. eppcop Pich) cum 
Germano fuerunt in Olsiodra civitate. 
Germanus vero Isernino dixit utprae- 
dicare in Hiberniam veniret, atque 
prumptus fuit oboedire, etiam in 
quamcumque partem mitteretur nisi 
in Hiberniam. Germanus dixit Pat- 
ricio, et tu, an oboediens eris ? Pat- 
ricius dixit, Fiat sicut vis. Ger- 
manus dixit, Hoc inter uos erit; et 
non potuerit Iserninus in Hiberniam 
non transire. Patricius venit in 
Hiberniam. Iserninus vero missus 
est in alinm regionem : sed ventus 
contrarius detulit ilium in dexteram 
[i.e. australem] partem Hibernije,*' 
(fol. 18 aa) ; probably Magh Itha, or 
the barony of Forth, on the south 
coast of the county of Wexford. 
Ann. InisfalL at 440, say, "Secun- 
dinus et Auxiliarius, et Iserninus 
mittuntur in auxilium Patricii, nee 
tamen tenuerunt apostolatum, nisi 
Patricius solus." So also Chron. Scot. 
438. This joint action appears in 
the titles of some collections of Irish 
Canons, and strikes the eye in the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 1). A.D. 439 (4643). Secundus, 1 
Auxilius, 2 and Serninus, 8 themselves also bishops, are sent 
to Ireland, in aid of Patrick. 4 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 5). A.D. 440 (4644). The decease 
of Xistus, 5 bishop of the church of Rome, who lived 8 
years and 27 days in the episcopate of the church of 
Rome, as Beda, in his chronicle, relates. Some books say 
that Maine son of Niall 8 perished in this year. [Saint Au- 
gustin 7 taken away from this life in the 76th year of his 
age, and the 40th year of his episcopate. Augustin 
flourished about the year of Our Lord 400.] 



[439.] 



[440.] 



earliest synodicals which appear in Sir 
Hemy Spelman's, and Wilkins' great 
collections of British Councils. For 
the entry of the death of Iserninus, 
see at 468 infra. 

* Patrick. In the margin of A. 
is an entry partly obliterated : no 
comcro aifi .... geineamain 
bfufeoi], ' or t perhaps, on this [year] 
should be the birth of Brigid.' See 
under 456, infra. 

5 Xistus. Sixtus iii. In the chron- 
icles of Prosper, Idatius, and Marcel- 
linus, he is reckoned 42nd Bishop of 
the church of Rome ; as also in these 
annals, at 432. His tenure of 8 years 
and 19 days, as calculated by Anas- 
tasius, is the correct period. These 
annals add 8 days, and also err in 
citing Beda as the authority, for he 
makes no mention, in either his 
Chronicle or History, of the ponti- 
ficate of this Sixtus. 

a Maine, son of Niall. Fourth son 
of Niall ix. Host, and one of the four 
brothers, whose posterity constituted 
the Southern Hy Neill. His descend- 
ants, who occupied Teathbha or Teffia, 
were represented by O'Caharny or Fox, 
Magawley, O'Breen, O'Daly, &c. in 
the present counties of Longford and 



Westmeath, see Keating, p. 372 ; 
Ogyg. p. 401. The Tripart. Life. 
(ii. 26) states that Patrick, when he 
visited south Teffia, converted and 
baptized this Maine ; after which he 
founded the church of Ardachadh 
(Ardagh) ; but that Maine, on account 
of a deception which he practised, 
incurred the saint's severe displeasure. 
Colgan, Trias Thaum., 1326. 

7 St. Augustin. Bishop of Hippo. 
Possidius, in his Life, says (cap. 31), 
" vixit annis LXXVI. in clericatu au- 
tem vel episcopatu annis ferine xl. 1 ' 
Beda has the same words, Chron. 
p. 26 ; and Marianus Scotus, Chron. 
431. He was ordained priest in 391, 
and bishop in December, 395. He 
died v. Kl. Sept. (Aug. 28), A.D 
430. The insertion in the text is, 
therefore, ten years too late. See 
Tillemont, Memoires, torn. xiii. p. 
943 ; and the Latin version of the 
substance of his admirable memoir, 
which was made by Dom Hugues 
Vaillant and Dom Jacques du Frische, 
members of the congregation of St. 
Maur, in the exhaustive Vita which 
forms the first portion of the last 
volume of the Benedictine St. 
Augustin, cols. 102, 141, 491. 



10 



CCNNCClCC UlCCt)tl. 



Fol. IGba. 

.b. 



]ct. lenaip. CCnno -conum cccc. xt. 1. Leo op-oma- 
cup act. 11. Rornane ectepie epipcoptip ; ec ppobacup epc 
m p-ce carobca paqucmp epipcopup. 

]ct. lenaip. CCnno T)ommi cccc. cct. 11. 

]ct. lenaip. CCnno T>ormm cccc. xl. 111. pacpiciup 
epipcopup api>ope pT>ei ei: -oocrpma Chpipt;i ptopenp m 
nopcpa ppouincia. 

]ct. lenaip. CCnno T>07rnni cccc. xt. 1111. CCpDYYlaca 
pun-cam eft:. CCb tin.be COITOICCC upque a-o hanc citn- 
cacern punDacam nT. cxc. 1111. 

]cb.1enaip,. CCnno -Domini cccc.ccl. u. "Man mac p- 
acfiac mai^e 'Cent, mic eachacli tlfluigm 61)0111 05 fteib 
Satpa [no lap. na t5eitn] -DO -poignen cei 1111^156 05 T>ot 
rap. ropamn obnr, ec xx. rpibup anmf pegnaun: in 
hibep.ni a. 



i Leo. Consecrated Sept. 22, 440. 
These annals, at 432, correctly reckon- 
ed Sixtus III , 42nd Bishop of Rome, 
so that 42 here is a mistake for 43, 
which is the number in Prosper, 
Idatius, and Marcellinus. 

Catholic jaiih Ann. Inisfal. at 
442, have " Probatio sancti Patricii 
in fide Catholica." Ann. Clonmac- 
nois. at 427, say "Pope Leo was 
ordained the 46th or 47th to succeede ; 
by whom St. Patrick was approved 
in the Catholique Eeligion, and by 
the rest of the Popes of Rome that 
succeeded in his time, and then after 
flourished in the heate of Christian 
Religion in this Land." 

3 In our province Todd under- 
stands this of Ulster, and couples it 
with the founding of Armagh men- 
tioned under the next year. St. 
Patrick, 470. O'Conor's copy, how- 
ever, reads nostra Hibernia, which 
gives the term provtncia a wider 
application. At the council of Aries 
in 314 Britain was regarded as a 



provincia. In 592 Pope Gregory 
designates Italy a provincia; and 
half a century later John, pope-elect, 
writing to the Irish prelates speaks of 
Ireland as "provincia vestra" (Beda, 
H. E., ii. 19). The use of the term 
provincia at that date forbids the 
limitation of it to the Irish coigea'D 
or province, as long subsequently 
adopted in ecclesiastical language. 
See Reeves, Adamnan, p. 451. Sicily 
was the first recipient of the designa- 
tion provincia, 

4 Ard-Macha was founded. In the 
Book of Armagh is the following 
curious notice concerning Trim : 
"sedificavit seclessiam cum illis xxv. 
anno antequam fundata esset fficlessia 
Altimachae (fol. IGba); which Ussher 
reads " vigesimo secundo " ( Wks. , 
vi. 414). His Tripart.Vit. had xxv.; 
so also the Bodleian Tripart. Life, 
Colgan's copy (2V. Th., p. 129a) ; 
but the Brit. Mus. copy has xxii. 
See Colgan's note, p. 1 00 (recte 110) b, 
n. 57. The F. Mast, place the found- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



11 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 441. Leo 1 ordained 42nd bishop of the 
church of Rome : and Patrick, the bishop, was approved 
in the Catholic faith. 2 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 442. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 443. Patrick, the bishop, flourishing 
in the zeal of faith and the doctrine of Christ, in our 
Province. 3 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 444. Ard-Macha was founded. 4 From 
the building of Rome 5 to the founding of this city is 
1194 years. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 445. Nathi, 6 son of Fiachra of Magh 
Tail, 7 son of Eochaidh Mughmedhoin, 8 was struck by 
lightning at the Alps mountain as he was passing the 
limits of the same, and died. He reigned 23 years in 
Ireland. 



[441.] 

[442.] 
[443.] 

[444.] 
[445.] 



ing of Trim at 432, and of Armagh 
at 457. See Colgan, Tr. Thaum., 
2906; Ussher, Wks., vi., 414, 570 
(an. 445) ; Lanigan, i., 312. 315, 317; 
Todd, St. Patrick, 260, 268-480. 

6 Building of Rome. Foundation 
of Rome (according to Polybius), 751, 
B.C., which+444 = 1195. See Ussher, 
Wks., vi., 414 ; Colgan, Tr. Th., 1106, 
n. 57. Todd errs in saying, "The 
Dublin MS. of these Annals seems to 
read 1197" (p. 469); it is plainly 
1194. Ussher, who owned the MS , 
so read it, and there can be no uncer- 
tainty about the reading, for a later 
hand has entered in the margin 
opposite, in Arabic numerals, 1194. 

6 Nathi The death of Nathi, or 
Dathi, occurred before the year at 
which these Annals commence, namely 
in 428 ; as he succeeded in 405, and 
reigned 23 years. Accordingly it is 
at 428 that his death is recorded by 
the F. Mast., and O'Flaherty (Ogyg., 
159,413). His name, however, occurs 
in iheAnn. fnisfal at 446, and it would 



seem that that chronicle, as well asthis, 
borrowed from some authority which 
used a different computation. Suppos- 
ing it to be correct, and that the arrival 
of Patrick occurred in the 15th of 
Laeghaire, it would almost coincide 
with the death of Sen Patrick, and 
would upset the chronology of these 
Annals. We must,therefore,conclude 
that the present entry is 18 years too 
late. Regarding Dathi's death, see 
Keating, 394; Ogyg., 413; and above 
all O'Douov. in Ily Fiachrach, 17-27, 
345, 346. The F. Mast., at 449, 
enter, instead, the death of his brother 
Amhalgaidh. 

7 Magh Tail Seems to be a poetical 
name for Fiachra's inheritance. 
0'IIuidhrin applies the term mop, 
rnaj; 'Gait to the Dalcassian dominion 
of Brian Boru (Topogr. Poems, 98). 
Curry, MS. Mater., p. 479. 

s Mughmeadhoin. " In English 
Moist-middle, because he was much 
troubled with y e flux of y* bellye." 
Ann. Clonmac. 



12 



uloroh. 



}ct. lenccin.. (111. -p., 1. 18.) CCnno T>omim cccc.ocl. ui. 
(iTTT. 7)c. I.) bellum emin m quo ceci-oic ptiur Coeji- 
chm piln Coelbo. CCtn "Dicunc T>I cfitnrnitl puipe. 
t>- jet. lencofi. (4.-p.,t. 29.) CCnno -oomim cccc.xl.uii. (fnT. 
TIC. li.) Cfuiep Secun-omi fctncci Ixx. u. anno ecanf 

|ct. 1enaifi. CCnno -nornim cccc. ucl. um. 
cenfiaemocu pefi loca uctnia imminence ptun.imi u 
au^ufce muni ftecenci ccohuc \ie aeT)ipicacione con 
f^inucci cum I. un. rufifiibuf conjiueyiunr;. 
. ICM. ]ct. 1enai|i. CCnno T>omim cccc. cct. ix. 

impe^acoii uiuenDi pmem -pecic ficuc aT>pin.maT: 
cillmuf. Locum 'Ceo'DOf 11 TTIap,cianuf impeficn;on.<roep- 
, UT: TDa|iciltinuf T>ICIC. 

CCnno oomim cccc. l. 



1 Femhin. Or Magh Feimhin, as 
in Ann. InisfaL, 448. Keating gives 
the origin of the name at p. 142. It 
was a plain in the S.E. part of the 
present co. of Tipperary, comprising 
the barony of Iff a and Offa, and 
represented by the old rural deanery 
of Kilshillan, in the diocese of Lismore. 
It was taken about this time from 
Ossory, in Leinster, by Aengus, son 
of Nadfraech, king of Munster, and 
transferred to the northern Deise in 
his province, for which he suffered at 
Cenn-Losnadh in 489. Another battle 
of Femhin is recorded at 472 infra. 

2 Son of Coerthenn. Ann. Inisfnl., 
at 448, have Cac muije pemm ecifi 
TDtmechu ytaigmu in quoceci'Dir; 
Cafxcmn meic CoeUxxcTi qui iecirj 
Senu-p Leung. Coelbadh, son of 
Crunn Badhrai, king of Uladh, was 
slain in 358. He was great-grandson 
of Fiacha Araidhe, from whom the 
Dal-Araidhe, or Irish Picts, derived 
their descent and name. The grand- 
son of Coelbadh, who fell in this 
battle, was probably the leader of 



Dalaradian auxiliaries in the service 
of the king of Munster, and mainly 
instrumental in the acquisition of 
Femhin. See note on Cruithne at an. 
573 infra. Reeves, Eccl, Anliqq. 
337, 349, 353, and Adamnan, 93, 94. 
The Chron. Scot. an. 445, makes 
Colboth son of Niall. 

3 Secundinns. Or Sechnall, of 
whom an. 439 supra. His festival 
is Nov. 27, at which day, Aengus 
wrote in his Felire, circ. 800 



ecncn con am 
Sechnall mitTo a-p, placha 
Re-gab ceol poeyx f a-oat) 
TTIola'D Pacp,aic YTlacha. 

A stream of wisdom with splendour, 
Sechnall diadem of our realm, 
Chanted a song, a noble solace, 
A praise of Patrick of Macha. 

The Life of Declan says : " de quo 
fertur quod ipse primus episcopus 
sub humo Hibernise exivit." See 
Ussher, Wks., vi., 384; Vit. Tripart., 
iii., 81 ; (Trias Thaum., 165J.) The 
deaths of St. Patrick's three coadjutor 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



13 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 18.) A.D. 446 (4650). Battle [446.] 
of Femhin, 1 wherein fell the son of Coerthenn, 2 son of 
Coelboth. Some say that he was of the Cruithne. 

Kal. Jan. (Wednesd., m. 29.) A.D. 447 (4651). Re- [447.] 
pose of Secimdinus 3 the holy, in the 75th year of his age. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 448. By a violent earthquake, 4 which [448.] 
prevailed in various places, very many walls of the Im- 
perial city 5 rebuilt of masonry still fresh, together with 
57 towers, were thrown down. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 449. The Emperor Theodosius 6 closed [449.] 
his life, as Marcellinus affirms. 7 Marciaims succeeded as 
Emperor in room of Theodosius, as Marcellinus states. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 450. [450.] 



bishops are entered in these annals 
at the years 447, 459, 468. 

4 Earthquake. This account is 
borrowed word for word from the 
Chronicle of Marcellinus, where it is 
recorded under Indict, xv. Ardabure 
et Callepio Coss. (I.e., A.D. 447). 
Beda also notices the event, Chron. 
p. 31, and H.E., i., 13. The fullest 
account of it is in Evagrius, who ex- 
plains the word imminente by o it 
7rd00 rat inl %p6vov rjc yi/f 
iirttcpaTTjotv (Eccl. Hist., i. 17). 

* Imperial city. " Urbs Augusta" 
is ten times used by Marcellinus, and 
is borrowed by other writers, to denote 
Constantinople. The expression in 
Evagrius dvd rrjv (3affi\ida was 
rendered in palatio, till Valesius gave 
the proper interpretation, in urbe 
Regla. We find Regia urbs of Mar- 
cellinus copied in these annals, at 
526 infra. 

6 Theodosius. Junior. In the top 
margin of A. there is this note on the 
name, in a different, but nearly coeval, 
hand, " Ab isto Theodossio Bononia 
habuit privilegia stuclii po: et regnare 
cepic anno Domini cccc. 25 . Et 



regnavit aiinis xxvii. De hoc vide 
gl. in Cle., i.e., de Magixtris in verbo 
Eononiensi." The reference is to the 
Corpus Juris Canonici, in the Cle- 
mentina;, lib. v., tit. i. c. 5, where it 
is stated, " Hoc constat quod Bononia 
habuit privilegia studii a Theodosio : 
de minore tameu intelligo, qui 
reguare cepit (prout ex chronicis 
quas veriores puto, percipio) anno 
Domini ccccxxxv., et regnavit annis 
xxvii. (xxvi. in some copies). Quo 
tameu anno sui imperii hec conces- 
serit, non percipio : currentibus auteiu 
cccclii. successit Martianus." Tom. 
iii., col. 286. 

7 Marcellinus affirms. His words 
are: "Indict. UL Valentiniano, vii., 
et Abieno Coss. (f.e., A.D. 450). Theo- 
dosius Imperator vivendi iinem fecit : 
regnavit post mortem Archadii 
patris sui aunos xlii. Loco ejus 
Marcianus imperium adeptus est." 
Galland. Bill, x., 348. He died, 
28 July, 450. Pagi, ii., 317. Beda 
agrees with these annals in antedating 
Marcianus' accession one year. ILK. 
i., 15. 



uloroti. 



.b. 



X 



|ct. lenaip. CCnno 7H>mini cccc. t. 1. papca -DO- 
rnini tim. "jCalen-oap TTlan celebpacum epc. [Uel uep.iup 
hie qtneuir; "Geo-oocmp rmnop..] 

let. lenaip. CCnno -Domini cccc. l. 11. Tlic atn 
oictmc na^itncacem pancce bfiiice. Incefipecno 
ma^na Lagenafium. [tlel uepnip hoc anno YYlapcianup 
irnpefiacop. pucceppis 'Geo'oopio YYhnon.1.] 

jet. lenaip.. (. p., t. 5.) CCnno T)omim cccc. t. 111. 
Caqfiomeai) p.ia Loe^aipe mac 



T>c. 



luii.) 



(1111. 
pop. t 
]ct. 
(iTiT. DC. Uii 11.) 



la) Loe^aipe pitium 



(6 a p., 1. 16.) CCnno -Domini cccc. l. 1111. 
Cena (abap peip) "Ceron-a apUT> (abap 



1 The Lord's Passover The Sun- 
day letter of this year was G, and 
the 24th of April fell upon Tuesday ; 
from which some might suppose that 
the Irish at this period were Quarto- 
decimans, i.e., observing Easter not 
on the Sunday which followed the 
14th after the vernal equinox, but on 
the 14th itself, irrespectively of the 
day on which it fell. Both A and B 
mark this year in the margin as bis- 
sextile ; but it is 452 that was really 
so ; and its Sunday letter is FE, the 
24th of April falling upon Sunday. 
But there can be little doubt that 
the present entry is misplaced, and 
properly belongs to 455, in which 
year Easter was kept on the 24th 
of April by the Church of Alexandria, 
but on the 17th by some of the 
Latins, who followed the computation 
of Victorius. Prosper, in the closing 
paragraph of his Chronicle, Valen- 
tiniano, viii. et Anthemio Coss. (i.e., 
an. 455), writes : " Eodem anno 
Pascha Dominicum die viii. Kalen- 
das Maii celebratum est, pertinaci 
intentione Alexandrini Episcopi, cui 
omnes Orientales consentiendum 
putaverunt : quamvis sauctus Papa 



Leo XV. Kalendas Maii potius 
observandum protestaretur." Opp 
p. 438. In this year Leo the Great 
wrote to the Emperor Marcian to 
state that " eundem diem venerabilis 
Festi omnibus Occidentalium partium 
sacerdotibus intimasse, quern Alex- 
andrini Episcopi declaravit instructio, 
id est, ut anno prassenti viii. Kalendas 
Maii Pascha celebretur, omissis omni- 
bus scrupulis propter studium unitatis 
et pacis." Leo referred the question 
in 451 to the best informed authorities, 
especially Paschasinus of Lilybaeum, 
and further commissioned Julianus, 
when proceeding to the Council of 
Chalcedon, to consult the most eminent 
fathers present on the subject, in 
order to avoid all future uncertainty. 
Pagi, ii., an. 453. The Ann. Clonmac. 
give a curious turn : "The Kesurrec- 
tion of Our Lord was celebrated the 
Eight of Kalends of May by the 
Pelagian heresie" ! See Labbe, Con- 
cordia Chronol., Pt. i., pp. 105, 108. 
The Ann. Inisfal. are very exact in 
assigning to the year 455 "Pascha in 
viii. Kal. Maii." These annals, how- 
ever, are four years behind. Marianus 
Scotus says "Hoc anno, i.e., 455 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



15 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 451. The Lord's Passover 1 was cele- [* 51 -1 
brated on the 8th of the Kalends of May. [Or, in this 
year, Theodosius Minor 2 rested.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 452. Here some place the nativity of [452.] 
Saint Brigid. 3 A great slaughter of the Leinstermen.* 
[Or, truly, in this year the Emperor Marcianus 8 succeeded 
Theodosius Minor.] 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., in. 5.) A.D. 453 (4657). [Defeat [453.] 
in battle" of the Leinstermen by Loeghaire, son of 
Niall.] 

Kal. Jan. (Friday, m. 16.) A.D. 454 (4658). The [454.] 
Cena (or Feast) of Temhair, 7 kept with (or by) Loeghaire, 
son of Niall. 



incarnatiouia (iuxta Dionysium) 
Pascha Dominicum 8 die Caleiidis 
Maii recte celebratum est, ordinatione 
sancti Theophili: quod sanctus Leo 
Papa 15 Calend. Maii potius obser- 
vandum protestatur." 

8 Theodosius Minor. A and B 
have this entry in al. man. After 
minor A adds : " ut patet ex glossa 
predicta in 1 anno in Clementinis, 
i.e., de Magistris, in verbo Bononicnsi, 
juncto eo quod habetur in 2 auno 
pagine precedentis." 

3 St. Brigid These annals record 
her death in her 70th year, at 523 
and 525, which refers her birth to 
453 or 455, the former being the date 
generally received. Ussher proposed 
453 (Wks. vi., 445-447, 573), which 
Colgan, Tr. Th., G20a, and Lanigan 
(i., p. 378) have accepted. A mar- 
ginal note in A, at 438 supra suggests 
that year. Ann. Inisf. have 456, and 
An. Clonmac. 425. 

* Leinstermen. This seems to be 
taken from a Latin version of what 
is recorded in Irish under the year 
following. 

* Marcianus. In A and B, from 
veritis to minor i is in al. man. A 



adds, " ut patet in Clementinis, i.e., 
de Magistris, in verbo Bononieitsi 
predict. 1 anno. 1 ' 

6 Defeat in iaWfe.-Literally 'battle- 
breach.' See Hennessy, Chron. Scot., 
p. 352. Interfcctio is the equivalent 
in the preceding year. The old 
English translation makes the word 
a proper name, " the battle called 
Cathroine," but the place is not re- 
corded. The F. Mast., at 453, add 
mop, and it is properly rendered by 
O' Don. 'a great defeat.' Ann Inisfal., 
at 456, curtly say paip.t>be Icrgen, 
' cutting off of Leinstermen.' paifvobe 
= poificbe the older form. The battle 
was probably fought in Leinster, and 
concerning the Borumha or 'Cow- 
tribute,' see at 458 infra. 

"> Feast of Temhair In A and B 
peir is given as the Irish word for 
cena, and is the only word employed 
in the entry at 461 infra. 0' Flaherty 
calls it "Temorensis comitia" (Ogyg., 
213). Similar celebrations used to 
be held at Tailte (Teltown), and 
Uisnech (Ushnagh) ; but concerning 
this, which was the imperial one, see 
Keating, p. 414, and especially Petrie, 
Tara, 31, 32, 82-85, who asserts that 



16 



]Ct. lenaip.. CCnno 



tiloroh. 
cccc. t. u. e 



ui. 



jet. 1enaifi. (1. p. 1. ix.) CCnno T>omini cccc. 
(1111. T>C. tx.) YYlofif Onnai mic Car bora, ec 
pancre bpiji'oe, us alii T>icunc. TYlan.cianuf impenxrcon. 
mre fpifiicum armffiT;. Inipenamc anmp fex (abap 
Foi. I7aa. quacuofi) er rnenpbup ui, net un TTla^ciltmuf Docec. 
Leo eiT>em f ucce^fir [T>epuncco]. 

]ct. lenain.. CCnno -comim cccc. l. un. Calce-oo- 

Cfuiep femf 



uc aln 



T)icunr;. 



this was the only convention of Tara 
held by Laeghaire during his reign 
(p. 82). 

1 Victorius. Or Victoriuus, a native 
of Limoges in Aquitaine, whom Gen- 
naclius, Vir. Illustr., c. 88, styles 
" Calculator scripturarum," nourished 
in 457. In that year he composed a 
new Paschal Canon, at the instance 
of Pope Leo, who, to prevent a recur- 
rence of the controversy which arose 
iu 455, between the Eastern and 
Western Churches, about the proper 
Sunday for the celebration of Easter, 
commissioned Hilary, his Archdeacon, 
to employ a competent person for 
the purpose. He framed a cycle of 
532 years, i.e., 28 x 19, the product 
of the solar and lunar cycles, com- 
mencing from A.D. 28, the computed 
year of the Passion, or A.M. 5229. 
Curumian, in his Paschal epistle (A.D. 
634) mentions this cycle. Ussher, 
Wks., iv., 440. And the anonymous 
Irish writer of the tract De Mirabilibus 
Sacr. Scriptures reckons by it. See 
Pagi, Critica, ii., 3706, 582a, 626a ; 
O'Conor, Rer. Bib. SS. t ii., 112 ; Tille- 
mont's Memoires, xv., 770. Ann. 
Inisfal., in the parallel entry (an. 
458) have " Victorius scripsit ciclum 
Pascha. " 



2 Enna, son of Cathboth. O'Conor 
conjectures that this was Enna of 
Aran (ii., pt. 1, p. 109), but unhappily, 
for that saint was son of Conall derg, 
and was alive in 530. The present 
entry is found in An. Inisfal. (an. 
459); An. BueU. (an. 462); Chron. 
Scot. (an. 455); F. Mast. (an. 456); 
but none of them help to identify the 
subject of it. In the B. of Armagh 
mention is made of the seven 
sons of Cathbadh, a Leinster clan, 
who with Bishop Isserninus were 
expelled by Enna Cennsalach (fol. 
18oa). 

3 St. Brlgid. See note at 452 supra. 

4 Marclan. Accession, Aug. 20, 
450; death, Jan 31,457. B. reads 
quievit, which is technically incorrect, 
and not the expression of Marcellinus, 
from whom this entry is borrowed. 
His words are: "Indict, x. Constan- 
tino et Rufo Coss. (i.e., A.D. 457), 
Marcianus Imp. bonis principibus 
comparandus vitaj spiritum amisit : 
imperavit annos vi. menses vi. Leo 
eidem defuncto successit, cujusvolun- 
tate Majorianus apud Ravennam 
Caesar est ordinatus." Galland, x., 
3486. Beda, less correct, says: 
" Septem annis tenuit," and with this 
entry, antedates by a year the acces- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



17 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 455. Victorius 1 the astronomer flour- [465.] 
ished. 

Kal Jan. (Sund., m. 9.) A.D. 456 (4C60). Death of [c.] 
Enna, son of Cathboth, 8 and birth of Saint Brigid, 3 as 
some say. The Emperor Marcian 4 resigned the vital 
breath. He reigned six (or four) years and six months, 
as Marcellinus states. Leo succeeded him [on his 
decease]. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 457. The synod of Chalcedon 5 was [457.] 
assembled. Repose of Old Patrick, 6 as some books 
state. 



sion of Marcian. An. Inisfal. have 
454; Marian. Scot., 452. But 457 
is the true date. See VArt de Verif. 
les Dates, p. 180. Instead of annis 
sex the al. man. in A. and B. have 
iiii. or which is a manifest error. 

Synod of Chalcedon. Six years 
too late. The fourth General Council, 
held at Chalcedon, to condemn the 
Eutychian heresy, sat from October 
8th till November, 451. Concilia, t. 
iv., cols. 761-2074 ; Baronius, t. viii., 
p. 87 ; L'Art de Verifier les Dates, p. 
180; Ann. Inisfal., 452. 

Old Patrick. Distinguished by 
the epithet Sen or ' Old,' from Patrick 
the Apostle of Ireland, who was 
somewhat his junior. The acts of 
the two are so interwoven that it is 
very difficult to resolve them. The 
present entry, however, affords some 
help. Nenuius says : " A nativitate 
Domini usque ad adventum Patricii 
ad Scotos ccccv. anni sunt. A morte 
Patricii usque ad obitum sanctae 
Brigidae ix. anni," which numbers 
are utterly inapplicable to the Patrick 
of 432 and 493. Gir. Cambr. dates 
Patrick's death, " ab incarnatione 
Domini cccclviii."; this he learned 



in Ireland ; but it cannot be strained 
to suit the Apostle. Allowing, how- 
ever, for the slow year of these Annals, 
it is identical with the date in the 
text. Again, three of the Armagh 
lists (published by Todd, St. Patrick, 
174, 181) make Sen Patraic third 
abbot, while these annals reckon 
larlath his successor once removed, 
the third; therefore they ignore the 
first two, namely Patrick and Sechnall, 
and leave to Sen Patraic, the first 
place. Ussher saw that two names 
should be expunged (Wks. vi., 437), 
but he erred in making Sen Patraic 
one of them. In two of these lists 
Sen Patraic is allowed an incumbency 
of ten years, which deducted from 
457, gives 447 as his inception, 
within three years of the founding of 
Armagh, which event is most pro- 
bably to be referred to him, not to 
the Apostle ; and further it is equally 
probable that the encomiums bestowed 
upon Patrick the Bishop, at the years 
441 and 443, belong to the earlier 
ecclesiastic. His successor, Bishop 
Benignus, died in 467, which allows 
the exact ten years assigned to Sen 
Patraic in the lists. So far the 



18 



uUroti. 



.b. 



X 



let. lenaip. (1111. p., 1. 1.) CCnno mmiini cccc.l. U111. 
(ivn. T>c. ben.) Ccrc CCsho t>apa pop Laigaipe pe tai^ni^ 
[m quo ec ippe capeup epr, pei) rune Dimippup epc 
iupanp pep. polem ei: uensurn p e bouep eip T)imippupum]. 

Jet. lenaip. (u. p., 1. xn.) CCnno 7>omini cccc. l. ix. 
(iTTT. T)C. Ixin.) CCuxibup epipcopup quieun:. No 
SuniaT) aip an jet. po ca CCra T>apa pecun7>um aliop. 

jet. lenaip. (6 p., 1. 23.) CCnno T>omim cccc. lx. 
(TTTi. T>C. Ixnu.) Leo papa mopnup eps. Rom an e eclepie 
obcimnc peDem perpi XXL (abap quacuofi) annip ec 
menpe uno ec r>iebtip xm., picuci enumepar be-oa m 
cpomco puo. 

]ct. lenaip. (1. p., I. 4.) CCnno -ocmim cccc. lx. 1. 
(viTT. -DC. Ixu.) llilapiup Homane aeclepie poni:ipex 
.xl. 1111. U P pacrup, ec uixic anmp .ui. Hie aln quierem 
Pat:pici Dicunr. toegaipe pibup 1\leiU pope cenam 
"Cenipo anmp .un. ec menpibtip .1111. es T)iep .un. uixic. 
Cac CC^a -oapa pia tai5m13 pop taegaipe, quibup 
Cpemrhann cunc ppeepac. 



Apostle does not appear at all in 
official connexion with Armagh. Sen 
Patrick's death is commemorated in 
the Felire of ^Engus, at the 24th of 
August, thus : 

Sen Pctcficcic cing cachet, 

Coem-aice afi pj\ocha. 

' Old Patrick, champion of battle, 
Loveable tutor of our Sage.' 
Upon which the Irish annotator 
writes " Old Patrick, of Eos Dela in 
Magh Locha : sed verius est that he 
may be in Glastonbury of the Gael, 
in the south of Saxonland (for Scoti 
formerly used to dwell there in 
pilgrimage). But his relics are in 
the tomb of Sen Patrick in Ard 
Macha." Felire, pp. cxxv., cxxxiii. 
At 461, infra, his death is again 
recorded, but simply as Patricius. 



1 Ath-dara. ' Ford of the oak,' on 
the river Barrow, in Magh Ailbhe 
(a plain in the co. Kildare). Shear- 
man conjectures, and indeed states, 
that it was at Mageney Bridge 
(Loc. Putric., 67, 101), which is 
in the parish of Dunmanoge in the 
extreme south of the county of Kil- 
dare, on W. side, O.S., s. 39. This 
battle is entered under next year, 
and again at 461. See next note. 

2 Cow-tribute. Oofucmcc; which 
O'Flaherty renders Boarla. Ogyg., 
305. Said to have been first imposed 
on the Leinstermen by Tuathal 
Teachtmar, circ. A.D. 130. After 
proving a source of violent contention 
for a long series of years between 
the chiefs of Ulster and of Leinster, it 
was abandoned by Finnachta Fledach, 
about the year 680. There is a full 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



19 



Kal. Jan. (Wednesd., m. 1.) A.D. 458 (4662). Battle 
of Ath-dara, 1 by the Leinstermen against Laeghaire, [in 
which he was made prisoner, but was presently liberated 
on his swearing by the Sun and Wind that he would 
remit to them the cow tribute]. 2 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 12.) A.D. 459 (46G3). Auxi- 
lius, 8 the bishop, rested. Or, in this year, according to 
some, the battle of Ath-dara was fought. 

Kal. Jan, (Frid., m. 23.) A.D. 460 (4664). Pope Leo 
died. He occupied the chair of Peter in the Church of 
Rome 21 (or 24) years, 1 month, and 13 days, as Beda 
reckons in his chronicle. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 4.) A.D. 461 (4665). Hilary 4 
was made 44th bishop 5 of the church of Rome, and lived 
6 years. 6 Here some record the repose of Patrick. 
Laeghaire, son of Niall, lived after the Foast of Tara 7 
years, and 7 months, and 7 days. The battle of Ath- 
dara was gained over Laeghaire, by the Leinstermen, of 
whom Crimthann 7 was then commander. 



[458.] 



[459.] 



[460.] 



[461.1 



and most curious tract, in prose and 
verse, on the subject in the Books of 
Leinster and Lecan. See O'Curry's 
Lect. on MS. Mat., 230-232 ; Keating, 
303-306; 0' Donovan, ffy-Fiachr., 
32, 33. 

Auxilius. See under an. 439. 
His festival is August 27th, at which 
day his name occurs, in the Mart. 
Taml., Mar. Gorman, and Mart. 
Doneg., as Usaille son of Ua mliaird, 
bishop of Cill-Usaille in Leinster, 
now Killashee. He is not noticed 
by the Felire. Colgan has collected 
the little that is known of him at 
19th March in AM. SS., pp. 657-650. 
4 Hilary. Over the name Ilila- 
ruur, there is written in a very old 
Irish hand in MS. A., Uelhoc anno 
Leo obiic, ("or in this year Leo 
died"). The death of Pope Leo 



(who died on Nov. 4, A.D. 461), is 
entered under the previous year. 
^Bishop. Poncipex, B. ; om. in A. 

6 arm op, A. 

7 Crimthann This entry is added 
in A., in a very old hand. In B. it 
appears in the hand of the transcriber 
of that MS. See under 458. The 
Crimthann here referred to was the 
son of Enna Ceinnselach, whom he 
succeeded as king of S.E. Leinster, 
about the year 444. His residence 
was at Rathvilly, in the N.E. of the 
present county of Carlo w, which gives 
name to a parish and barony. In the 
Irish notes in the Book of Armagh 
(fol. 18a), St. Patrick is stated to 
have visited Crimthann at Rathvilly : 
Lara iafirniiT>iu cu Criimchan mac 
n-&n*oi cemnpetich, ec ippe crie- 
DI-DIC ucc rvaich bilich. " He (St. 

c2 



20 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



jet. lencnp,. (2 p., t- 15.) OCnno oomim cccc. tx. 
11. (iTTT. T)C. lxui.) Tftofip tae^aijie pitu NeiU oc 
Daphit (aticcp oc 5yieaUai| saipit, pon. 
caippe, m campo tip) ecifi m T>a cnoc .1. Gifiiu 7 
CClbu a n-anmcm'occ. ^ unria ^ a T*crccc fie Lai|niB svucm 
7 sae fioptrian,15pccT). 

jet. lenaifi. (3 a p., 1. 26. n ) CCnno -DOTnim cccc. lx. 
in. (1111. TMJ. lactm). Imcium yiegm CCilella muilr; mic 



]ct. lenaifi. (4 p., 1. 7.) CCnno -normm cccc. lx. 
Foi. !7aJ. 1111. (ivn. T)C. Ixuin.) Pianninn bellum CCp.fiT>a coyiann 
yua Lcn^niB. CCngli uenep-unu m CCn^liam. 

]ct. lencnp.. (6 p., 1. 18.) CCnno T>ormm cccc. lx. 
u. Tlitaniuf epipcopup Romane aeclepie moiictiupepc, 
qin popeDic ca^heT)|iani per;p,i .ui. cmnip ec menpibup 
.111. ec "Diebup .x. 8empticiup on.T)inaT:up, qtn peDii: 
anmp .xn. menpe .1. 7>iebup . . Go^an mac Weill moyx- 
cuup epc. 



Patrick) went after that to Crimthan 
son of Enda Ceinnselach, and he 
believed at Rath-bilich." Crimthan 
was a strenuous assertor of Lagenian 
independence, and won many battles 
in defence thereof, which are enumer- 
ated by Dubtach Ua Lugair, in his 
eulogistic poems on the triumphs of 
Crimthan, some of which have been 
published, from the Book of Leinster, 
by O'Curry {Lectures, cj-c., pp. 484- 
494). 

1 Alias The alias reading in A., 
put here in parenthesis, and which 
is in an old hand, agrees substan- 
tially with the text of B. The name 
of the place where Laeghaire met his 
death is variously written in different 
authorities. But the oldest form of 
the name seems to be Grellach Daphil, 
as appears from the reference to 



Laeghaire's death in Leb. na hUidre, 
118&. The Four Masters (458) say 
that the place of Laeghaire's death 
was in Ui-Faelain, i.e. the northern 
part of the co. Kildare. In the 
Borama Tract {Book of Leinster, 
2996), it is stated that Laeghaire was 
killed by the elements (earth, sun, 
and wind), by which he had pledged 
himself two and a half years before 
(supra, 458), not again to exact the 
tribute called borama (or "cow 
tribute "). But he came, and seized 
cows at Sidh-Nechtain (Carbury 
Hill, co. Kildare, at the foot of which 
is the source of the River Boyne), 
and met his fate on the side of Caiss, 
between the two hills called Eriu and 
Alba (supposed to be the present Hill 
of Dunmurry, and Hill of Allen). 
2 Ailill Molt. The cognomen 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



21 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., in. 15). A.D. 462 (4666). Death of 
Laeghaire, son of Niall, at Greomach-daphil (alias 1 at 
Greallach-gaifil, on the side of Caiss, in Magh-Life), 
between the two hills, viz., Eiriu and Alba their names. 
May be it was his guarantees to the Leinstermen, the 
Sun and Wind, that killed him. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 26.) A.D. 463 (4667). Com- 
mencement of the reign of Ailill Molt, 2 son of Nathi. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 7.) A.D. 464 (4668). First battle 
of Ard-Corann 3 by Leinstermen. The Angles 3 (rt) came 
into England. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 18.) A.D. 465. Hilary, bishop of 
the Church of Rome, died, who occupied the chair of 
Peter 6 years/ and 3 months, and 10 days. Simplicius 
was ordained, who sat 12 years, 5 1 month and . . days. 
Eogan 6 son of Niall died. 



[462.] 



[463.] 



[464.] 



[465.] 



molt, a " wether,'' is Latinized ven-e- 
cinus by O'Flaherty. Ogygia, p. 429. 
He was son of Nathi (an. 445 svpra), 
whom he succeeded as provincial 
king of Connaught. From his brother 
Fiachra descended the Ui-Fiachrach 
of Connaught. O'Flaherty gives 463 
as the date of his accession, and 20 
years as the length of his reign. See 
for Ailill's death ann. 482, 483 infra. 
Dr. O'Conor absurdly renders molt by 
"laudabilis"; Tigh. 4(53. 

8 Ard-Corann. This place is again 
mentioned as battle-ground at 506, 
507, 610 and 626. In the Ann. 
Inisfallen the battle here recorded is 
mentioned under 467 ; but the Four 
Mast, omit all the foregoing entries 
except the last, having probably 
thought that Ard-Corann was a place 
in Scotland, and, as such, foreign to 
their scope. From the mention of 
Leinstermen in the foregoing entry, 



however, it must be presumed that 
the place of the battle was in Ireland. 

3 (a) Angles. Marianus Scotus 
places their arrival at 450. In the 
Saxon chronicle the date is 449. 
Ussher assigns 450. 

4 6 Years. B. reads, erroneously, 
" 7." See an. 461 supra. Hilary's 
death is placed here three years too 
soon. He died Feb. 21, 468. 

5 Years. The length of the 
pontificate of Simplicius is given in 
B. as " ten years, two months, and one 
day," which is also wrong, as the 
real duration was 15 years and 6 
daj-s, Simplicius having been ordained 
25th Feb., 468. The beginning of 
the Pontificate of his successor, Felix, 
is entered infra, under the j'ear 481. 

6 Eogan, i.e , Eogan son of Niall 
Nine-hostager, from whom the power- 
ful sept of the Cinel-Eogain (or Cinel- 
Owen) derived their name and lineage. 



tiloroti. 



.b. 



Foi. 



jet. lenain.. (7 p., t. 29.) CCnno T>omini cccc. loc. 
ui. Rauennam cluiearem T;efip.emoT;up T>er;eppuic. 
"Domansanr; mac "Nipi quietus. 

]ct- lenaip. (1. p., L. 10.) CCnno 7>orrnni cccc- lx. 
un. Cfuiep bempii epipcopi (pucceppon.ip 
Cena 'Cempa la hCCibll mole (mac "Daei mic 
mic Gacac muif>emom). ic m bbpo Cuanac muem. 
bap theep pen7)fia^en iiepf CCn^lie, cui 

fuuf .1. dn^h CCiticu|i .1. -DO on.iroai5 an 



(2 -p. 



1. 21.) CCnno T>ommi cccc. lx. 
mofiit;ufi. beUum "Dumai 



]ct. lenaifi. 
um. Iffepm 
achiji .1. pofi Oibll motr, ficuc muem m bb|io Cuanac. 

]ct. 1enaij\. (4 p., 1. 2.) CCnno Domini cccc.tx. ix- 
"No peif Teamn.a la hCCibll mole hoc anno fecun-oum 
ab of. 

|ct. 1enai|i. (5 p., 1. 13.) CCnno T)omim cccc. lxx. 
Peip 'Cemfia la CCilill molr;, UG aln -oicunr;. 

let. lenaifi. (6 a p., 1. 24.) CCnno T>omini cccc. Iccoc. 
1. p|\eT>a pecun-oa 8axonum -oe hibepma, uc aln 
T)icunt:, m ipeo anno T>eT>ucT;a epi;, ur; tTlauceetip (.1. 
TYloc^ae) T)icic. S\c m libjio Cuanac muem. 

]ct. lenaifi. CCnno T>omim cccc. lxx. 11. 

Jet. lenain.. CCnno Domim cccc. locx.iii. Leopemop, 
impepacop, Leone mmope a pe iam ceppap.econpt:it;UT;o 
mopbo pepnc, cam pui impep.n anmp quam hump leomp 



1 In A. the daj- of the week on 
which the 1st of January fell is 
omitted ; and the age of the moon is 
given as 20, in place of 29, as in B., 
in which the 1st of January is stated 
to have fallen on a Saturday. 

2 Domangart. This entry (from 
B.), not found in either the older and 
better copy (A.), nor in the so-called 
' translation ' in the MS. Clar. 49, 
(Brit. Museum), is probably the re- 
sult of a great prolepsis, as there 



appears to have been no ecclesiastic 
of the name of Domangart Mac Nisi 
at such an early period. The term 
quieuic used by the Annalist, in 
recording the death of Domangart, 
indicates that he regarded the deceased 
as an ecclesiastic. The demise of a 
Domangart Mac Nisi is given by the 
Four M. under A.D. 462 ; in the 
Chron. Scotorum under A.D. 464 
( = 462), and in the Ann. Inisfall. at 
495 in O'Conor's ed. (=464). The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 29.) 1 A.D. 466. An earthquake 
frightened the city of Ravenna. Domangart 2 Mac Nisi 
rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 10.) A.D. 467. Rest of Benignus, 
the bishop, successor 3 of Patrick. The Feast of Tara 
held by Ailill Molt (son 4 of Dathi, son of Fiachra, son of 
Eochaid Muidhemhoin). So I find in the Book of Guana. 
Death 5 of Uter Pendragon, King of England, to whom 
succeeded his son, i.e. King Arthur, i.e. who ordained 
the Round Table. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) A.D. 468. Iserninus, bishop, 
dies. The battle of Duma-achir, i.e. over Ailill Molt, as 
I find in the Book of Guana. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 2.) A.D. 469. Or, the Feast of 
Tara by Ailill Molt this year, according to others. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 13.) A.D. 470. The Feast 6 of 
Tara was held by Ailill Molt, as others state. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 24.) A.D. 471. The second prey 7 of 
the Saxons from Ireland, as some say, was carried off in 
this year, as Maucteus 8 (i.e. Mochtae) states. So I find in 
the Book of Guana. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 472. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 473. The Emperor Leo the Elder was 
earned off by disease, Leo the Younger having been pre- 
viously created Caesar by him. Leo the Younger, who was 



[466.] 






person intended may have been Dom- 
angart, 3rd king of Dalriada in Scot- 
land, son of Fergus M6r. SeeReeves's 
Adamnan, pp. 434, and the Genea- 
logical Table accompanying. See 
also note at A.D. 506. 

* Successor of Patrick. This clause 
is only in B. A marg. note in A., 
in an old hand, adds that Benignus 
was bishop of Armagh. 

* Son of Da/hi, &c. The geneal. 
particulars here given from A. are 
not in B. 

* Death, &c. The original of this 



entry is in B. only, and in a more 
recent hand. 

6 Feast. The author of the so- 
called 'translation 1 of the Ann. Ult. 
in Clar. 49, renders peif by "another 
feast"! 

7 Second prey. The first prey 
taken by the Saxons from (or in) 
Ireland, is recorded above under A.D. 
434, where see note. 

* Maucteui. Mocteus, B. See 
note under A.D. 511, referring to the 
so-called " Book of the Monks." 



[469.] 

[ 470 
[471.] 

[472.] 



24 



ulcroti. 



pegm menpibup compueaeip anno x. un., menfe ui. 
%enonem teo mniop i-oemqtie impepaeop pilmp ppm- 
cipem conpeietne. Cfwep T)occi epipcopi pancei bpi- 
eonum abbaeip- "Dopn^at t5pi 61 le pop Lai 511111 pia 
nCCilill molt;. 

jet. lenaip. CCnno T>ommi cccc. lxx. 1111. Uelhic 
cae T)umai achip -pop, CCiliU mote pia tai|m"6. 

jet. lenaip. (4 p., I. 9.) CCnno T>ommi cccc. UTX. 
u. (vTn. T)C. txxix.) bettum (aliap T>ofinT)5at) bpeg 
h-6ite pe n-Cdtitt mote pop Lcn|niu. Sic m tibpo 
Cuanac mueni. 

let. Oenaip. 5 p., t. 20.) CCnno -Domini cccc.txx.tu. 
(TviT. T)C. txxx.) COG "Dumai CCap pop CCibtt mote pia 



]ct. 1enmp. CCnno T)omim cccc.txx. un. 
mic CCe-oa pepp Cuatann. 

jet. lenaip. CCnno T>omini cccc. tocx. tmi. bettum 



.b. ]ct. lanaip. (3 p., t.) CCnno -Domini cccc. txx. ix. 

Jet. Icmcnp. CCnno -com i m cccc. txxx. TTIoppConaitt 
Cpemeamne mic Kleitt. 
]ct. lanaip. (5 p., t. 15.) CCnno Domini cccc. txxx.i. 



1 17th year and 6th month. B. has 
ccrmo x. tim. ,menpe 111. , although 
O'Conor prints anno x.tiiii. ,men^e 
u. (18th year and 6th month). But 
the date is not accurate in either MS. 
Leo I. was crowned February 7, 457. 
He died in January, 474: ; so that his 
reign wanted but a month of 17 
years. His daughter, Ariadne, was 
married to Zeno, and their son Leo 
was born in 458. His grandfather, 
the year before his death, appointed 
him his successor. He died in Novem- 
ber, 474, at 17, in the eleventh month 
of his sole reign. At the instance 
of his mother, and of his grand- 
mother Vcrina, Leo II. associated 



with him in the throne his father, 
Zeno, whom his own father-in-law had 
passed over on account of his vices 
and deformity. This entry seems 
to have been borrowed from the 
Chronicle of Marcellinus, where the 
computation above given is " tarn sui 
imperil amis quam Leonis Junioris 
iregni mensibus computatis, anno 
xvii., mense v." 

"*Doccus. The only individual of 
this name whom we meet with in 
British Ecclesiastical History is the 
Docus who is set down in an ancient 
authority, cited by Ussher, as the 
contemporary of David and Gildas, 
and a preceptor of the Second Order 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 25 

also Emperor, and son to Zeno, creates him Prince in the 
17th year and Gth month, 1 reckoning as well the years 
of the former, as the months of the latter, Leo's, reign. 
Rest of the holy bishop Doccus, 2 Abbot of the Britons. 
The 'fist-fight' 3 of Bri-Eile over the Leinstermen, bv 
Ailill Molt. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 474. Or, in this year 4 the battle of [474.] 
Duma-Achir was gained over Ailill Molt by Leinstermen. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 9.) A.D. 475 (4679). The battle [475.] 
(otherwise 'fist-fight') of Bri-Eile gained by Ailill Molt 
over Leinstermen. So I find in the Book of Guana. 

Kal. (Jan. Thursd., in. 20). A.D. 476 (4680). The battle [476.] 
of Duma-Achir gained over Ailill Molt by Leinstermen. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 477. Death of Tocca, son of Aedh, [477.] 
King of Cualand. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 478. Battle of Bri-Eile. [478.] 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m.) A.D. 479. [479.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 480. Death of Conall Cremthainn 5 son [480.] 
ofNiall. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 15). A.D. 481 (4685). Rest of [481.] 



of Irish Saints (Brit. Ecd. Ant., c. 17 ; 
Works vi., p. 478), and who is men- 
tioned in the Life of St. Cainnech as 
the abbot under whom he studied in 
Britain (/&., p. 520). This Docus is 
commonly called Cadocus, and is 
known in Welsh hagiology as Cuttwg 
Ddoeth, " Cadoc the Wise." He was 
abbot of Llancarvan, and flourished 
about A.D. 600. The entry of his 
death, above given, would therefore 
be too late, and may be regarded as 
out of its place. But see Shearman's 
Loca Patnciana (Dublin, 1879), pp. 
223-5, where the learned author states 
that Cadoc, the preceptor of St. 
Cainnech (or Canice) was the nephew 
of Doccus whose obit is given above. 
* Fist-Jight.-~ "Ooyingat. O'Donovan 



translates this "boxing-battle," and 
regards it as " nothing more than a 
boxing match between the pugilistic 
champions of Leinster and Meath.' 1 
(Four Mast., A.D. 468, note"). In 
the so-called Translation in Clar. 49, 
it is described as "the handie skir- 
mish." It seems to be the same as 
the conflict designated by the term 
bellum in these Annals, under the 
years 475 and 478. 

4 Or, in this year Uel hie, B. Not 
in A. 

5 Cremthainn. Cramthainne (In 
the genit. form), A. More usually 
written Crimthainne, in the genit. 
case ; nom. Crimthainn ; although it 
is Cremthainne in the Book qfLeiiuter 
(p. 246.) 



uloroti. 



(1111- T)c. txxxu.) Cfuief 1antai mic 'Cn.ena i;en.T:ii 
epifcopi CCfvomacai. Romane eclefie elix xl.ui|T 
epifcopup ojvomacup, uixit; anmp xn. uel ocin. CCb 
imcio munTM iuxca .Ixx. inrefipfiecep u. T>CCC. Ixxix. 
SecunT>um hebfieop aucem niT. T)C. Ixxxu, CCb mcafina- 
cione fecunT>um Mebfieop T)cc. xxxnn. $ecun7)um 
"Oyonifumi uep.o cccc. Ixxxi. 

]Ct. lanaip.. CCnno T)ornini cccc. txxx. 11. Oetlum 
Oche in quo ceciT)iT: CCilill molt; .1. la Lu^aiT) mac 
taegaiiie 7 ta TTltMficheiu;ach mac 6|ica. CC Concobfio 
pibo "Nepae Ufque a-o Copmac pibum CCip,c anni ccc. 
tim. CC Coyimac Ufque hoc bellum c. XUL, uc Guana 



.b. let. lanaifi. CCnno -Domini cccc. txxx. 111. 
cio Chfiaumrham mic Gnna Cemnpelais mic 
betaic mic paca baiccea-oa mic Caixnp, mo . . , 
La^en. (Uetm hoc anno ca OchapecunT>um abof, ta 
LuaiT> 7 ta TTluip-chep,T;ac mac 6ap,ca 7 ta peyi^Uf 
mac Conaitt cpemramn, 7 ta pacpa ton mac 
T>at 



1 Third. larlathi, son of Trian, is 
set down in the Book of Leinster List 
of St. Patrick's successors at Armagh 
(p. -12, col. 3), as the fourth in order ; 
and is said to have been from Cluain- 
fiacla (Clonfeakle, co. Tyrone) ; but 
under the reigns of the " Kings after 
the Faith" in the same MS. (p. 
246), larlathi is described as " third 
Bishop." 

8 Felix. Felix III., consecrated 
on Sunday, March 6, 483; died 24 
February, 492. His Pontificate there- 
fore lasted only 8 years, 11 months, 
and 18 days ; and not 12 years, or 13, 
as in the text. 

3 From the beginning, &c. The re- 
maining entries for this year, which ap- 
pear in an old hand in A, are not in B. 



4 Ocha The date above given for 
this battle (which was fought in 
Meath, as stated in the Life of St. 
Kieran, and near Tara, as Animosus 
asserts in his Life of St. Brigid 
(Colgan's Trias Thaum., p. 5516, and 
notes 9 and 10, p. 565), seems to 
be a year too soon, the correct date 
being 483, under which it is also 
entered. The battle of Ocha forms 
an important era in Irish history, 
many events recorded in the Irish 
Chronicles being dated from it. See 
the Annals of the Four Masters, at 
A.D. 478, where the particulars of the 
battle are more fully detailed, and 
0' Done van's notes on the subject. 

5 116. This calculation must surely 
be wrong. The death of Cormac 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



larlathi, son of Trian, third 1 bishop of Armagh. Felix, 3 
ordained 46th bishop of the church of Rome, lived twelve 
years, or thirteen. From 8 the beginning of the world, 
according to the Seventy Interpreters, 5879 years ; but 
according to the Hebrews, 4685. From the Incarnation, 
according to the Hebrews, 734 years ; but according to 
Dionysius, 481. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 482. The battle of Ocha, 4 in which 
Ailill Molt fell, was gained by Lugaid, son of Laegaire, 
and by Muirchertach Mac Erca. From Concobhar Mac 
Nesa to Cormac Mac Airt, 308 years. From Connac to 
this battle, 116, 6 as Guana has written. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 483. The killing of Crimthann, 6 son 
of Enna Cennselach, (son of Breasal Belach, son of Fiacha 
Baicceadha, son of Cathair-nior), King of Leinster. (Or 
in this year, according to others, the battle of Ocha was 
gained by Lugaid, and by Muirchertach Mac Erca, and 
by Fergus Cerbhall, son of Conall Crimthainn, and by 
Fiachra Lon, 7 son of the king of Dal-Araidhe. 8 ) 



[482.] 



[483.] 



Mac Airt is entered in the Annals of 
the Four M 'asters under A.D. 266. 
O'Flaherty, however (Ogygia, p. 341), 
places the accession of his son and 
successor, Cairbre Lifechair, in A.D. 
279, the year, it is to be assumed, of 
King Cormac's death. The addition 
of 116 years to this number would, 
according to this calculation, give 
A.D. 395 as the date of the battle of 
Ocha, which is unquestionably wrong. 
The Chronlcon 8coto>itm, which gives 
the battle of Ocha under A.D. 482, 
states that 207 years intervened be- 
tween the time of Cormac Mac Airt 
and the said battle. The MS. Clar. 
49, has " A Cormac usque ad hoc 
bellu m 206, ut Cuanascripsit." This 
would be more near the mark. 



6 Crimthann. Corruptly written 
Chraumthain in A., and Chraeumthain 
in B. 

7 Fiacfira Lon, or "Fiachra the 
Fierce.'' In O'Conor's ed. of these 
Annals the name is printed " Fiachra 
Aon." The Four Mast. (A.D. 478 
erroneously call him son of Laeghaire, 
as he was really son of Caelbad. 
See Reeves's Eccl. Antiq , pp. 330, 
339. 

8 Dal-Araidhe. A large district, in- 
cluding the southern half of the county 
of Antrim, and the northern half of 
Down. In O'Conor's ed. of these 
Annals, the name is inaccurately 
printed Dalriada. For a full account 
of Dal-Araidhe, see Reeves's Eccl. 
Antiq., pp. 334-348. 



28 



ulcroti. 



let. lanaifi. (p., I.) CCnno 7)omini cccc. lxxx. 1111. 
1mcium fie^m lu^oech mic Lae^aipe hoc anno. 

Jet. 1anaip (p., t.) CCnno T>ommi cccc. txxx. u 
bellum pfiimum ^fianaepa-D ; Coin.pn.1 mac "Neill .10:. 
Siallais uiccofi efiat;, m quo ceci7>it; "pineal. Uelpibup 
Gfice uicron. uc alu T)icunc. Uel hie ^tnn Cpem^amT) 
mic Gnna Chemnpeatai%. 

]ct. lanaip. (5 p., 1. 21.) CCnno 7>ommi cccc. tococcc. 
ui- "Uel hoc anno pfiimum bellum ^fiame m quo 
TTIuipocheap.uac mac Gayica uiccop. epat;. 
.|j t ]ct. lanaifi. (6 p., 1. 2.) CCnno T)omim cccc. locxx. 
tin. (iTTi. T>C. cccn.) Cfuiep pancn TTleil epipcopi m 
acur. 

]ct. lanaip. (1. p., 1. 13.) CCnno -oomini cccc. lococx. 
uni. (vTn. T>C. occm). Cftnep pancci Ciannami cui 
panc^up parfiiciup euan^ebum lap,pr:up epc. 

|Ct. 1anaip,. (2 p., 1. 24. a ) CCnno T)ommi cccc. locococ. 
ix. (TTn. -DC. xciiii.) Cfuiep TTlic Caille epipcopi. 
Oellum dnn lopna-oo (no Ceall lopnai% 1 mai^ pea), 
ubi ceciT)ir; Oen^up pibup "NaT>pn.aic fii TTlu^an, uc 
Cuana pquppn;. 

let. lanaip. (3 p., 1. 5.) CCnno T>omim cccc. xc. 



Fol. \8aa. 



(iiTT. -DC. cccu.) %eno 



WCCL -oecef pc cam 



1 Commencement. This entry is 
written in pale ink in A., in the hand 
of the person who has made most of 
the additional entries in that MS. 

2 Granaerad. The name of this 
place is differently written in some 
Chronicles. The Four Masters give 
the name (in the genit. form) 
Granaird, which in the nom. would 
be ' Granard,' and would be some- 
what like the form above given. But 
under the very next year (486) the 
name is written ' Graine,' as in the 
Ckron. Scotorum (484), Annals of 
Clonmacnoise (at 497), and in Keating. 
The version of these Annals in Clar. 



49 has 'Granard.' At 494 (infra) 
these Annals further vary the ortho- 
graphy by giving 'Granairet.' The 
place is now called Graney, and is 
situated in the south of the county of 
Kildare. 

3 Or, in this year. Uet hie, B. 
Not in A. 

4 Graine. The entry of this event 
is not fully given in B., which does 
not refer to the victory of Muircher- 
tach Mac Erca. 

5 Mel. First bishop of Ardagh, in 
the county of Longford ; said to have 
been Patrick's nephew. Some call 
him a Briton. His foreign extraction 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



29 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 484. The commencement 1 of the reign 
of Lugaidh son of Laeghaire, in this year. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 485. The first battle of Granaerad. 2 
Coirpre, son of Niall-Noighiallach, was victor. In it fell 
Fincath. Or Mae Erca was victor, as others say. Or, 
in this year, 8 the killing of Crimthann son of Enna 
Ceinnselach. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 21.) A.D. 486. Or, in this 
year, the first battle of Graine, 4 wherein Muirchertach 
Mac Erca was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 2.) A.D. 487 (46^2). Rest of 
Saint Mel, 8 the bishop, in Ardagh. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 13.) A.D. 488 (4693). Rest of 
Saint Cianan, 6 to whom Saint Patrick presented the 
Gospel. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 24.) A.D. 489 (4694). Rest of 
Mac Caille, 7 the bishop. Battle of Cenn-losnado (or Cell- 
losnaigh, 8 in Magh-Fea), in which fell Aengus son of 
Nadfraech, King of Munster, as Guana has written. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 5.) A.D. 490 (4695). Zeno 9 
Augustus departed this life, in the 17th year and 6th 



[484.] 



[485.] 



[486.J 



[487.J 



[488.] 



[489.] 



[490.1 



might account for the absence of his 
pedigree from the ancient lists. 

8 Cianan. The founder of the 
church in East Meath -which was 
called, par excellence, ' Daim-liag,' or 
the ' Stone-church.' Saint Cianan 
was tenth in descent from Cian, son 
of Oilill Oluim, King of Munster (ob. 
234, Four Mast.), who gave name to 
the various tribes of Cianachta. 

7 Mac Caille After the name 

Mac Caille in B., and Clar. 49, the 
word "Mannensis" has been added. 
But this is an idle gloss, as it con- 
founds two persons who were quite 
distinct. St. Patrick is stated to have 
converted an unbeliever in Magh-inis 
(or Lecale, co. Down), called Macal 



dus, Mac Cuil, or Mac Fail, who after- 
wards became bishop of Man. (See 
Trias Thaum., p. 16; and Book of 
Armagh, fol. C.) The Mac Caille 
whose obit, is above given was a 
totally different individual, being the 
saint commemorated in the Calendar, 
at April 25th, as the bishop who 
placed the veil on the head of St 
Brigid, and whose church was at 
Cruachan-Brig-Eile, in Ui-Failge (i.e. 
near the well-known Hill of Croghan). 

8 Or Cell-Losnaigh, &c. The alias 
reading is not in B. See note under 
A.D. 491. 

9 Zeno. This entry is taken from 
Marcellinus; but a clause necessary 
to the sense is omitted here. The 



30 



ccMMCcloc uloroti. 



.b. 



impepn annip compucacip anno xun. menpe pexco. hi 
pex men pep ec pex men pep TYlapciani aTvounc annum 
cfuem non numepanr cponica. CCnapcappiupimpepacop 
cpeacup epc. (tlel hie ca cell opriaiT), pecunmim 
aliop. TDac Gapca uiccop, pex Caipil tuccup). 

|ct. lanaip. (4 a p., I. 16.) CCnno Domini cccc. xc. 
1. (Trn. T)C. xcin). "Oicunc pcoin hie pacpicium 
apchiepipcopum "oepuncsum (pope). 

jet. lanaip. (6 a p., 1. 27. a ) CCnno -Domini cccc. xc. 
11. (TTTi. T>C. xcun.) Oellum ppoa. Romane eclepiae 
xlun u r alapiup epipcopup op-omacup annip mxiu 111. 
bellum pecuiToum ^panaipec. pacpiciup apchipop- 
rolup (uel apchiepopcopup er; apopcolup) pcocopum 
ffuieuir; c. mo xx. anno eixrcip pue, 16 ]ct. CCppibp, lx. 
aucem quo uemc at> nibepmam anno aD bapcif^an-DOp 
Scor;op. CCb micio mun-oi pecunT)um .Ixx. muepppe- 
t:ep u. "occcc. xlui. 1uxT:a aurem Tlebpeop mi. T>C. xcun. 
CCb mcapnaaone iuxua Tlebpeop T>CC. xlui. CCb mcap- 
nacione pecuiToum "Oiompium cccc [xcn]. 

]ct. lanaip. (7* p., I. 9. a ) CCnno 7>omim cccc. xc. 
111. Cach "Caill^en pop Lai|mu pia Caipppi mac Neilt. 

]ct. lanaip. (1. p., 1. 20. 8 ) CCnno Domini cccc. xc. 
1111. Oellum pecunT)um ^panaipec m quo ceciT)ir; 



original is " tarn sui imperil annis 
quam Basilisci tyrannidis computatis, 
anno xvn., mense vi." He reigned 
from Feb., 474, to 9th April, 491. 
This includes the period of Basiliscus' 
usurpation, who, in the third year of 
Zeno, by Verina's instrumentality, 
drove the Emperor into Isauria, and 
took possession of the throne, creating 
his son Marcus Caesar. But he was 
dethroned by Zeno in August, 477, 
after a 20 months' usurpation. 

1 Anastasius. Crowned April 11, 
491. These Annals are, therefore, 
only a year behind the common 
reckoning at this period. 



2 Cell-osnaid. This is also the 
form of the name in Tigernach 
and Keating. The Annal. Inisfall., 
at 484, have Cend-losnai. In the 
entry above for last year (489) the 
place is called ' Cenn-losnada,' or 
' Cell-losnaigh,' and is stated to 
have been in Magh-Fea. Keating 
says that Cell-osnaid was situated in 
the county of Carlow, four miles to 
the east of Leighlin. It is now called 
Kellistown, and gives name to a 
parish chiefly comprised in the baron}' 
of Carlow. Dr. O'Donovan states 
that 50 years ago the remains of an 
ancient church and Round Tower were 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



31 



month, the years as well of his reign [as of the tyrant 
Basiliscus] being computed These 6 months, and 6 
months of Marcian, add a year which the chronicles do 
not count. Anastasius 1 is created Emperor. (Or, in this 
year, the battle of Cell-osnaidh/ according to others ; 
Mac Erca was victor ; the King of Cashel vanquished.) 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 16.) A.D. 491 (4696). The [491.] 
Scoti say that Patrick, the Archbishop, died this year. 3 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., in. 27.) A.D. 492 (4697). Battle of [492.] 
Sruth. 4 Gelasius having been ordained 47th bishop of 
the Church of Rome, lived 3 years. Second battle of 
Granairet. 5 Patrick, the arch-apostle 6 (or archbishop 
and apostle) of the Scoti, rested on the 16th of the 
Kalends of April, in the 120th year of his age, and also 
the 60th year after he had come to Ireland to baptize 
the Scoti. From 7 the beginning of the World, according 
to the LXX. Interpreters, 5946, but according to the 
Hebrews, 4697. From the Incarnation, according to the 
Hebrews, 746. From the Incarnation, according to 
Dionysius, cccc [xcii]. 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd.,m. 9.) A.D.493. The battle of Tailltiu [493.] 
was gained over the Leinstermen, by Cairpri, son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 20.) A.D. 494. The second [494.] 
battle* of Granairet, 8 in which fell 9 Fraech, the son of 



still existing, which are now all 
effaced. (Four Mast.,A..D. 489, note). 
The site of the Round Tower, how- 
ever, is marked on Sheet 8, Ordnance 
Survey Maps, co. Carlow. The entry 
is added in a very coarse hand in A. 

3 This year. This entry seems to 
be antedated by two years. 

*Srutk. 8p,ota, in the gen. case. 
Tigernach calls it " Srath ;" but the 
Annul. InisfaU. (485) have the entry 
more fully, thus: "The battle of 
Srath- Conaill, in which fell Fiacha, 
son of Finchad, King of Leinster, and 
Eochu, son of Cairpre, was victor." 



5 Granairet. See note under 
485, respecting this place. 

"Arch-apostle. CCfid 
The altered reading uet 
copur ec apofroUif is interlined 
in the old hand in A. CCp.chiepif- 
copur in 15., without the apofcoluy. 

' From. The remaining entries for 
this year are not in B. 

8 Granairet. See above, under 
485, note 2 . B. commences the entry 
with a "Vel hie." 

9 Fell. Ceci-Dic, B. CeciT>iT>, A. 



32 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



mac pnchcroa (mic gappchon mic porais mic 
Gachach lanrooiT) mic meippeancopb) pi tai^en. Gocu 
pibup Coipppi (.1- 6-ochu mac Caipbpi mic OileUa 
mic T>unUnn5 mic Gnna nia-o) uiccop pum 
t). ]ct. lanaip. (2 p., t. 1.) CCnno T)ommi cccc. ccc. u. 
Sobp -oepeccup appapuir. (fuiep TYlic Cuibnn <3pip- 
copi Lupcan. e-xpugnacio T)uin te-cgtaippi. tlet hie 
car 'Calcen. 

]ct. lanaifi. (4 a p., 1. 12 a .) CCnno T>omini cccc. xc. 
ui. Rotnane ectepie ocLum^f CCnapcapiup poni:ipex 
ixir; anmp Duobup. TTlocoei n-OenT)poma 
Con.macci epipcopi CCfi'Dmacha hepeDip pac- 
P-1C11 quiep. "Uel hie bellum pectnToum ^pane, m quo 
ceciT>iT: ppaech mac 
Gachu mac Cainbp.1 

Foi. I8ab ]ct. lanaip. (5 p., 1. 23). CCnno T>omim cccc. xc. 
un. tlel hie expujna^io "Duui te^laippe. beltum 
1nni moep. 1 epic oa n-ablapon. Laigmu. TTIuipce|icac 
.1. piliup 6p.ce tuccop epar. hoc anno ui^enp ceppe- 
morup poncicam concuppic ppoinnciam. Cfuiep Chtun- 
net>a mic Carnio^a, .1. TTIac Cuibnn eppcop tup^a. 

]ct. lanaip. (6 a p., I 4.) CCnno -Domini cccc. xc. 
uin. Homane eclepie xt. ix u P Simacup epipcopup 
pacT:up, UIXIT; anmp .xu. bellum m quo mac Gipce 
uiccofi epac. beltum Slemna TDiTie pia Caipbpe 
mac "Neill pop Lai^mu. tlel hie TDocoe n-oaenDpoma 
pecun-oum bbpum abum. 



1 S(m. This parenthetic addn. is 
in an. old hand in A. Om. in B. 

2 Eochu. --The orig. of the paren- 
thesis here is om. in B. 

3 (?or?ac. -In the margin in A. he is 
called Cppcop Cojfitrme C|iic inn-o 
6-p,naiT)e (" Bishop Cormac of Crich- 
in-Ernaidhe.") See O'Donov. Four 
Mast., A.D., 496, note k. 

4 Grane. Granairet, in B. See 
above, under 485, note*. The text 



from this to the end of the entries for 
this year is wanting in B. 

5 Or, in this year. Uet trie, in B. 
only. 

6 Dun-kthglaissi. Downpatrick. 
See under 495. 

7 Crich-ua nGabla. O'Conor's ed. 
has Crick Congdbhla. But the ver- 
sion in Clar. 49 has "O'Gawla's 
Country " It was the name of a 
territory in the south of the present 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Finchad (son 1 of Garrchu, son of Fothadh, son of Eochu 
Lamhdoid, son of Messincorb), King of Leinster. Eochu, 
son of Cairpri (i.e., Eochu, 2 son of Cairpri, son of Ailill, 
son of Dunlang, son of Enna Niadh) was victor. 

KaL Jan. (Mond., m. 1.) A.D. 495. An eclipse of [495.] 
the sun appeared. Rest of Mac Cuilinn, bishop of Lusk. 
The storming of Dun-lethglaissi. Or, in this year, the 
battle of Tailltiu. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 12.) A.D. 496. Anastasius [496.] 
having been ordained 48th bishop of the Church of 
Rome, lived two years?. Mochoe of Oendruim rested. 
The rest of Cormac, 8 bishop of Armagh, successor of 
Patrick. Or, in this year, the second battle of Grane, 4 
in which fell Fraech, son of Finnchad, King of Laighen- 
desgabhair. Eochu, son of Cairpri, was victor. 

KaL Jan. Thursd., m. 23.) A.D. 497. Or, in this [497.] 
year, 8 the storming of Dun-lethglaissi. 6 The battle of 
Inne-mor in Crich-ua-nGabla 7 was gained over the 
Leinstermen. Muirchertach, i.e., Mac Erca, was victor. 
In this year a great earthquake shook 8 the province 
of Pontus. The rest of Cuinnidh (son of Cathmugh, i.e., 
Mac Cuilinn,) 9 bishop of Lusk. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 4.) A.D. 498. Simacus, 10 ordained [498.] 
49th bishop of the Church of Rome, lived 15 years. A 
battle 11 in which the son of Ere was victor. The battle 
of Slemhain 18 of Meath was gained by Cairbre, son of 
NiaU, over the Leinstermen. Or, in this year, 18 Mochoe 
of Aendruim [rested], according to another book. 



county of Kildare. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast., A.D. 497. note I. 

8 Shook. ConcluffMc ( for CO"' 
cuppc), A. B. 

'Mac Cuilinn. The origl. of this 
parenthesis is not in B. 

M Simacut. Symmachus,a Sardian, 
was ordained Pope on Sunday, Nov. 
22, 498. He sat till July 19, 514, 
that is, for 15 years, 7 months, and 



27 days. The length of his Pontifi- 
cate is given as 12 years in B. 

11 Battle. This entry is not in B. 
Neither is there any indication in A 
as to where the battle was fought. 

12 Slemhain. Now divided info 
Slanebeg and Slanemore, two town- 
lands in the parish of Dysart, co. 
Westmeath. 

11 This year. This entry is not in 
D 



ulcrun. 



Jet. lanain. (7 p., 1. 15.) CCnno T>omim cccc. occ. 
ix. bellum. Cfuief Ibinn. epifcopi .ix. Jet. TTlaii. 

]ct. lanain. (2 p., I. 26 a .) CCnno T>omini ccccc. . 
1Tluificen.T;ac tnccon. -pun:, ec mofip epifcopi Ibain. .ix. 
fa' Tnct11 - CCn Soifsel n 5 T C W^ TTlaca ftn'birset 
T)a lamaiB pem,7 caife 5afinabair,7vpa5t5aithoc anno. 
Car cmT> aiU5e -pop. Lai^mu p.ict Cai|ib|ii mac "Meill. 

"|ct. 1anai|i. (3 a p., t. 7 a .) CCnno -Domini ccccc. 1710 i. 
beltum fegaiffe m quo ceciT)ir; T)aui (no TDuac) 
.1. |ii Connachc. TTIuiticetii;ac mac 6an.ca 



let. lanain.. (4 a -p., I. 18.) CCnno T)ommi ccccc. 11. 
T>p.oma lochmuiTie fua Lai|mu ipoji huiB WeilU 
let. lanaifi. (5 -p-. t. 29 a .) CCnno -oomim ccccc." 10 111. 
Ceifipan moni:uup efc, epifcopuf o pen.T;i Chep,pain oc 
bellum manann ta hCCe-oan. tlel hie 



epifcopi 

let. 1anai|i. CCnno T>omim ccccc. 1110 1111. 
b)fitUT)i mic TTlailcon. 

let. 1anai|i. CCnno T>omini ccccc." 10 u. 
TTlic Caijvchmn clocai|i. 



B. The death of Mochoe of Aen- 
druim (or Nendrum: Mahee Island, 
in Strangford Lough, co. Down), is 
entered before under the year 496, at 
which date his obit is also given by 
the Four Masters. See Reeves's 
Antiq. of Down and Connor, 187, sq. 

1 Battle This entry is left un- 
finished in A. and B. 

2 Victor. It is to be feared that 
there is some confusion here, and that 
the battle mentioned in the last entry, 
the site of which is not there specified, 
was the one in which the victory was 
obtained, here credited to Muircher- 
tach. But Clar. 49 says M. was 
victor " toto anno." 

3 Found this year. Bede'a Chroni- 



con says : " Corpus Barnabas apos- 
toli, et Evangeliu.n Matthaei ejus 
stylo scriptum ipse revelante, reperi- 
tur." The entries for this year in B., 
though substantially the same as in 
A., differ slightly in arrangement. 

4 Cend-Ailbhe. O'Conor's ed. of 
Ann. Ult. incorrectly has Cnoc-Ailbhe. 
O'Donovan (Four Mast., 494, note g~) 
conjectures that Cenn-Ailbhe was 
probably the name of a hill in Magh- 
Ailbhe, in the south of the co. Kildare. 

5 Segals. Pronounced like shayish. 
It was the old name of the Curlieu 
Hills, near Boj'le, county Roscommon. 

6 Or Duach. Daui (or Dui seems 
to be the nomin. form of the name, 
gen., Duach. The epithet tenga-umha 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 15.) A.D. 499. Battle. 1 Rest [499.] 
of Bishop [bar on the 9th of the Kalends of May. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 26.) A.D. 500. Muirchertach was [500.] 
victor, 8 and death of Bishop Ibar on the 9th of the 
Kalends of May. The Gospel which St. Matthew Evan- 
gelist wrote with his own hands, and the relics of 
Barnabas, were found this year. 3 The battle of Cend- 
Ailbhe* was gained over the Leinstermen by Cairbre, 
son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 7.) A.D. 501. The battle of [501.] 
Segais, 5 in which fell Daui (or Duach) 6 tenga-umha, i.e., 
King of Connaught. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 18.) A.D. 502. The battle of [502.] 
Druim-Lochmuidhe was gained by the Leinstermen 7 
over the TJi-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd. m. 29.) A.D. 503. Cerpan died [503.] 
a bishop from Fert-Cherpain 8 at Tara. The battle of 
Manann by Aedhan. 9 Or, in this year the death of 
Bishop Ibar. 

Kal. Jan. A.D, 504, DeathofBruide,sonof Maelchon, 10 [504.] 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 505. Rest of Bishop Mac Cairthinn, of [505.] 
Clochar. 



signifies "of the brazen tongue." 
O'Donovan (Four Mast., A.D. 494, 
note^>) says that he was otherwise 
called Duach Galach, i.e., the 
Valorous, and was the son of Brian, 
who was brother of Niall Nine- 
hostager. But this is an error. 
Duach Galach succeeded Ailill Molt 
as King of Connaught about A.D. 
463 ; and two Kings (Eogan Bel and 
his son Ailill Inbanda) intervened 
between Duach Galach and Duach 
Tenga-umai. See Book of Leimter, 
p. 41, col. 1. 

7 By the Leinstermen. The transl. 
in Clar. 49 wrongly says, " against 
Leinstermen by O'Neales." 



8 Fert-Cherpain. Or " Grave of 
Cerpan." In the Book of Armagh, 
Tirechan writes (fol. 10, 6. a.), " Fun- 
davit [Patricius] aecclesiam i Carrie 
Dagri, et alteram aecclesiam immruig 
Thuaithe, et scripsit elimenta Cer- 
pano." The site of Fert-Cherpain is 
marked on Petric's plan of Tara 
(Essay, plan facing p. 129). 

9 Aedhan. lie was not yet born. 
This entry belongs to 581 or 582, as 
does the next to 583. This is a re- 
markable prolepsis, and the error must 
have existed in very ancient autho- 
rities, for it occurs in Tigernach at 
504, 505, in anticipation of 582, 583. 

10 Madchon See under 583. 

D2 



36 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOtl. 



Foi. isfa. let. lanaip. CCnno T>omim ccccc. ui. bellum CCp-oa 
copann, ec mopp Lu^ac piln toegaipe, ec uc aln 
oicunc, "Domangapi; mac "Mippe p-eci peceppic anno 
ococxu. Cfuiep TTlic Klippe Connaipe epipcopi. 
b. let. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ccccc. un. Uel hie 
mopp Lu|T)ac piln taegaipe, 7 ca CCp-Da coppanu 
let- lanaip. CCnno -Domini ccccc. uin. 
let. lanaip. (6 a p., 1. 5.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. ix. 
bellum Pfiem onn pop pacai mac "Meill. "Pail^i bep- 



x. 



let. lanaip. (7 a -p., t. 16.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. 
bellum pecunmim CCyiDa co|in.ann, uc aln wcum;. 

let. lanairi. (i. -p., L 27".) CCnno -oomim ccccc. x. i. 
Cfuiep bfionm epipcopi. *0epeccup pobp comnpv 
"Nat;iuicap pancci Ciap.am piln apapicip. Uelhic bap 
tu^-oac mic taegaipe pecunT)um bbp,um monachopum- 

let. lanaip. (3 p., I. 9*.) CCnno t>omini ccccc. a;. n. 
Cfuiep Opci epipcopi Slane. T)ubrac (a T)p.uim T>ean.t5), 
eppuc aip,T> TTldcai, obni:. TYluin.ceapcach mac Gapca 



l Ard-Corann. See under the year 
464, supra. 

2 Reti secessit. This expression is 
very obscure, and may be a blunder 
for 'vita secessit,' or for 'requiescit,' 
according as the transcriber took 
Domangart for a king or an ecclesias- 
tic. This entry and the one which 
follows are fused into one in B., which 
has "Oorticmscqxc mac "Mippe epip- 
copup Cormeyxe Tuc quieuic. There 
was no Domangart bishop of Connor. 
ButMacNisse, i.e., Oengus, whose 
death is recorded under the year 513, 
infra, was the first bishop, and founder 
of Connor. The subject is further 
complicated by the marginal entry, 
epipcopup, which 



occurs in A., in a very old hand. In 
the entry of his death in Tigemach 
(A.D. 505), Domangart is called "King 
of Alba." At A.D. 559 infra, the 
death of Gabran, son of Domangart, 
is given. This Domangart was the 
son of Fergus Mor Mac Nisse, and 
3rd King of the Dalriadic Scots. 
Five years was the length of his 
reign, according to the best authorities. 
It was in the year 502, according to 
Tigernach, that the colony went over 
to Scotland ; and, allowing three years 
for the joint reign of Lorn and Fergus, 
the date of Domangart's accession 
would be 505, and his obit (after a 
reign of five years) A.D. 510. It is 
worthy of observation that 35 years is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



37 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 506. The battle of Ard-Corann, 1 and [506.] 
the death of Lugaid son of Laegaire, and as others state, 
Domhangart Mac Nisse reti secessit* in the 35th year. 
Rest of Mac Nisse, 8 bishop of Connor. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 507. Or, in this year, 4 the death of [507.] 
Lugaid son of Laegaire, and the battle of Ard-Corann. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 508. [508.] 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 5.) A.D. 509. The battle of [509.] 
Fremhonn was gained over Fiacha son of Niall. Failghi 
Berraide was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 16.) A.D. 510. The second battle [510.] 
of Ard-Corann, as others say. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 27.) A.D. 511. The rest of [511.] 
Bishop Bron. 6 An eclipse of the sun happened. Birth 
of Saint Ciaran 7 son of the Carpenter. Or, in this year, 
the death of Lugaid son of Laegaire, according to the 
Book of the Monks. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 9.) A.D. 512. The rest of Ere, [512.] 
bishop of Slane. Dubthach from Druim-dearbh, 9 bishop 
of Armagh, died. Muirchertach Mac Erca begins to 
reign. 






T T 



the length assigned to his son Comgall's 
reign by these Annals (infra, 537), from 
which date, if 35 years be deducted, 
we get the year of the migration. 
See Reeves's Adamnan, pp. 433-43G. 

* Mac Nisse. See under A.D. 513. 

4 Or, in this year Uel hie, B. 
7 (for ec), A. 

4 Ard- Corann. See under the 
year 464, supra. 

9 Bishop Bron. Bishop of Cashel- 
Irra, now called Killaspugbrone 
('church of Bishop Bron'), a little 
to the west of Sligo. 

7 Ciaran. Founder of Clonmac- 
noise. His obit, in the 34th year of 
his age, is given infra, at 548, which 
would refer his birth to the year 514, 



the true year, and the year at which 
Tigernach has it. 

8 Book of the Monks. SectiTToum 
tibfium monachofium, A. Not in 
B., nor in Clar. 49. The word 
monctchofium is written in an ab- 
brev. form in A. ; but there can be 
no doubt as to the way in which it 
should be represented in full. There 
is no other reference to a " liber mon- 
achorum " ; and the name here may 
possibly be a mistake for "liber 
Mochod," or "Book of Mocbod," 
referred to infra, at 527. 

9 From Druim-dearbh. Not in B. , 
though Clar. 49 has "de Druimderb." 
The addition also occurs in the Ann. 
Four Mast, at this year. 



38 



cctiMcclcc uloroti. 



. 



"jet. lanaip. (4 a -p., t. 20.) CCnno 7>ormni ccccc. x. 
111. Caippni T>aimapii; (mac 6aac true Cp-imcom-o 
niic peis mic T)eaa T>tnp.nn mic Reoccroa mic Colla 7><x 
cpich) pi CCinsiall- Ulac Wipi .1. CCengup eppcop 
Com-oefie quietus. 

]ct. lanaip. (5 p.) CCnno -nornim ccccc. x. 1111. 
"Romane ectepe t u r tlofitnifca epifcoptif 
nixie cmnif .ix. 

Foi. 1866. let. lanaifi. (6 p., 1.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. ac. 
bellum T)|\oma 7)6^6 po 
Tlein-oe campup TTIiTie a 
"Har;iuir;ap Com^mll beanncaifi. 

let. 1anai|\. (1. p., I. 23.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. 
i. Quiep "Datieyicae Citle pteibe Ctnlmn .111. nonap 
iuln. Uet pecun-Duni almm libjfitim ncrciui^ap Ciafiain 
hoc anno. Cac TDfioma T>ep5aiTe ^ia piacaiT> mac Kleilt 
pop. pul^e m-bep-tiai|e. 1nT>e ma TTlise CC tagemp 
publa^up epr, tic CennpaeUro 

"Oigat T)ia peach t; 

ba pi t)i5T)e a qfiit 

Cat mn 'ofiomaib 

ba T>e T)ocheap, ma TTIi p 6e. 



publarup 



x. 



CCn p.1 aite afThbeftit>, 
12iaca mac "Meill m celai-o, 
ba paip, cap, cpemta citi 
Cac "Pifiemon [THiT)e] Tnerhait). 

let. lanaift. (2 p., t. 4. a ) CCnno -oomini ccccc. x. 
tin. CCnapcapiup impepaLOp, pubira mop,t;e pepuenctip 
epr, maiop. occosenapio pepnu. Resnatnr annop .xx. 
uu., menpibtip 'ouobup, T)iebup .xx. ix. 



1 Eocka The original of the par- 
enthesis is not in B., nor in Clar. 49. 

2 Mac Nisi. See under the year 
506, supra. 

3 Failghi, i.e , Failghi Berraide, 



whose victory over Fiacha son of Niall, 
in the battle of Fremonn (Frewin, co. 
Westmeath), is recorded at 509, supra. 
This battle is entered in the Ann. 
Four Mast, under 507, See O'Dono- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 20.) A.D. 513. Cairpri Daim- 
argit (son of Eocha, 1 son of Crimthand, son of Flag, son 
of Deaga-duirn, son of Reochaid, son of Colla Dacrich), 
king of Airghialla, [died], Mac Nisi, 2 i.e. Aengus, bishop 
of Connor, rested. 

KaL Jan. (Thurs., . .) A.D. 514. Hormisda, having 
been ordained 50th bishop of the Church of Rome, lived 
nine years. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., ra. . .) A.D. 515. The battle of 
Druim-derge was gained over Failghi. 8 Fiacha was 
victor. Thereupon the plain of Meath was taken from 
the Leinstermen. Birth of Comgall of Bangor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 23.) A.D. 516. The rest of 
Darerca of Cill-Sleibhe-Cuilinn, on the 5th of July. Or, 
according to another book, the birth of Ciaran in this 
year. The battle of Druim-dergaidhe was gained by 
Fiacha son of Niall, over Failghi Berraide ; after which 
the plain of Meath was taken from the Leinstermen, as 
Cennfaelad sang : 

His seven years' vengeance 
Was the wish of his heart. 
The battle in Druim-dergaidhe 
By it the plain of Meath was lost. 



[513.] 



The 4 other king ftray mention 
Fiacha son of Niall hide it not 
Over him, contrary to a false promise, 
The battle of Fremhon [of Meath] was won. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 4.) A.D. 517. The Emperor 
Anastasius was overtaken by a sudden death. He died 
over eighty years old. He reigned 27 years, 2 months, 
and 29 days. 5 



van's notes under that year, respect- 
ing the extent of the lands lost to the 
Leinstermen, as the result of their 
defeat. 

4 .This stanza, which is not in B., 



is added in the lower margin of fol. 
186 in A. 

4 Days. The numbers of the 
months and days are added in an old 
hand in A. 



[614.] 



[515.] 



[516.] 



[517.] 



40 



CCMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 



t). 



let. lanaifi. (3 p., I. 15.) CCnno 7>ommi ccccc. oc. 
um. Naciuicap Coluim CiUe eo7>em -Die quo buee 
macbfionai5T>onmiuic. Cfuiep "Oan.en.cae que Hloninne 
nommcrca e^c. 

"|cb lanaifi. (4 p t) Uma 26.) CCnno -oomini ccccc. 
oc. ix. Conlae-o eppcop CiUe T>ano moficu 
betlum T)ernae 1 n-T>n.umbait5 bfieg, m quo 
CCn.T>T>5at -piliur Conailt plii "Neill. Colssu moo 
Cluaechi fiex O^ienralitim, ocuf triuiticep.'cac mac 
Ofica uicrojief ejfiann. Comgall benncuiyi ncrcuf efc 
fecun-oum [aliof]. 

]ct. Icmaifi. (G p., t. 7.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. ocx. 
Camneach CCchai-o bo ncrcuf efc ^ecumoum quof-Dam. 



11. 



let. lanaifi. (7 a p.,l-18. a ) CCn no -oomini ccccc. ocx.i. 
|ct. lanaifi. (1. -p., I. 29. a ) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. axc. 
Cash T)ez;na 1 n-T)fiommaiB bfieg m quo ceciT>ir; 
mac Conuill cfiecmainne mic "Neitl fecunT)um 
buisi mac bftonaig obnc. Cotum cille nacup 



.t). "|ct. lanaifi. (2 p., 1. cc.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. xx. 
111. (abaf 1111.) bellum Camfn pibi "NeiU, 7 beoig 
(Opfcop) CCfi-oa cafina. Cfuiep -pancce bnipcae anno 
.txx. aecacip fue. 

Fol. I9aa. ]ct. lanain. (4 -p.) CCnno Domini ccccc. ocx. 1111. 
lohanmf Romane eclefie papa l.i.r "ouobuf anmf m 
Conpeancinopolim uemc, qui T>um 



1 Colum Cille. The birth of Colum 
Cille is also entered infra, at 522, 
which is the date adopted by Ussher. 
(Index Chron. ad an). Tigernach 
gives it at 520. 

2 Darerca. The "rest "of Darerca 
is entered before, at 516. 

s Son ofCluaeth. In A. and B. the 
words " son of Cluaeth " are repre- 
sented by moo ctuaechi, which seems 
corrupt. The name in the corres- 
ponding entry in the Ann. Four Mast. 



is mac loici, " son of Loit." Bat the 
Chron. Scot. (518), has TTIocloice, 
altered by Rod. O'Flaherty to Mac 
Cloithe, or son of Cloth. See Chron. 
Scot., p. 39, note i. 

4 Others. The corresponding Latin 
is not in A. or B. In fact, even the 
word pecun-Dum is neither in B., nor 
in Clar. 49. See 601 infra. 

6 According to some, Sectin-otim 
quofoccm. Not in B. St. Cainnech's 
birth is again entered under 526. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



41 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 15.) A.D. 518. The birth of [518.] 
Colum Cille, 1 on the same day in which Buite, son of 
Bronach, slept. The rest of Darerca, 2 who was called 
Moninne. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed.,m. 2G). A.D. 519. Conlaedh, bishop [519.] 
of Cill-dara, died. The battle of Detna, in Droma-Bregh, 
in which fell Ardgal, son of Conall, son of Niall. Colgu, 
son of Cluaeth, 3 King of Airthera, and Muirchertach 
Mac Erca, were victors. Comgall of Bangor was born, 
according to [others 4 ]. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 7.) A.D. 520. Cainnech of [520.] 
Achadh-b6 was born, according to some. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 18.) A.D. 521. [521.] 

KaL Jan. (Sund., m. 29.) A.D. 522. The battle of [522.] 
Detna, 6 in Droma-Bregh, in which fell Ardgal, son of 
Conall Cremthainne, son of Niall, according to others. 7 
Buiti, son of Bronach, died. Colum Cille was born. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Mond.,m. 10.) A.D. 523 (alias 9 524;. The [523.] 
battle of Cainri, 10 son of Niall, and [the rest] of Beoid, 
bishop of Ard-carna. Rest of Saint Brigifc, in the 70th 11 
year of her age. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn. .) A.D. 524. John, 12 the 51st [524.] 
Pope of the Church of Rome, having lived two years in 
the See of Peter, came to Constantinople ; and when, on 



Of Detna. Not in B. 

7 Others. The orig. of this clause, 
which is not in B., is added in the 
marg. in A. 

8 Born. The entry in B. is uel hie 
ncrcitncap Cottnm Cille, "or here, 
the birth of Colum Cille." See under 
518. 

9 Alias. The suggested correction 
is in a very old hand in A. Not in B. 

10 Battle of Cainri. There is some 
error in this entry, which it is very 
hard, if not impossible, to rectify. 



Niall had no son named CainrL The 
name might have been so written, by 
mistake, for CairbrL 

11 In the 70th. The death of St 
Brigit is recorded in these Annals, 
from different authorities, at 523, 525, 
and 527. Tigernach has it at 526. 
Early authorities state that she sur- 
vived St. Patrick 30 years, in which 
case the year of her death would be 523. 
See Chronicon Scotorwn, A.D. 523. 

u John. itlohanmp, A. 






42 



CCNNOtCC UlCCt)tl. 



.t>. 



pe-oienpftauennam uempper, "Ceosopicuppex CCppianup 
eum cum cominbup capcepip ccopliccione pepemn:, 
cump coppup T>e Rauenna cpanpUrcum m bapibca 
bean pecpi peputsum epc, popr; T>uop annop 7 .ix. 
menpep 7 7>iep ocun. 

]ct. lanaip. (5 -p.) CCnno -nornim ccccc. xx. u. 
"Ooprmcacio pancre bpipce anno .txx. ecacip pue. 
CCibll eppcop CCjiT) TTlaca qmeuii:. 

]ct. lanaifi. (6 p.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. xx. tn. 
Cainm CCchaiD bo. 1Do|if UtamT) mic 
mic 6nna niax* mic bp,eavail belai|. CCnno 
yiepae up,bif .1. Confcan^mopobm conT)ii:ae, c.xc.un., 
lufnnuf impep,aT:ofi 1ufT;inianum ex fofiojie fua nepo- 
cem, ianTDUT>um a fe nobiliffimum T)efi5naT:urn quoque 
lie^m fui fucceprop.emque cfieaun:, ]ct. CCpp-ilif. 1ppe 
uepo quapco ab hoc menpe uica "oecefpc, anno impeyin 
ix. menpe 11. paufar:io fanci:i CCilbe. 

]ct. lanaip. (7 p., I. 24.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. xx. 
tin. pebx Romane eclepie epipcopup peDic anmf .1111. 
menpibup ix. -oiebup .xnn. lohannip. eu T>iep. xun. et; 
menpibup .11. er; T)iebup .xm. pebx epiciunr; quapr;um 
annum, er; pepulriup epc m bapibca pecp.1 beaci 
apopcob. bellum dnneic ec beltum CCca fi^he pop, 
taigmu. TTIuipcepcac mac Qpcae uiccoppuir;. Uethic 
T)opmn:acio bpip-oe pecumjum libpum TTlochoT). 

]ct. lanaip. (2p.,l. 5.) CCnno -oomim ccccc. xx.uui. 
Coemam bpicc. bene-oicuip monachup 



1 St. Brlgit. See under 523. 

y AiKIL A mutilated note in the 
marg. in A. suggests that he was of the 
Ui-Bresail. In the List of the Suc- 
cessors of St. Patrick, contained in 
the Book of Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), 
this Ailill, who is there called " pri- 
mus," as well as his successor, Ailill 
"secundus," is stated to have been 
from Druimchad, in Ui-Bressail. The 



death of Ailill " the second " is entered 
under 535 infra. 

3 Cainnech. St. Canice, Patron St. 
of Ossory. His birth is also entered 
supra, at 620. Tigernach places his 
birth at 517, which seems the true 
date, as his obit is given at 599 infra 
(=600), iu his 84th year, according 
to Tigern. 

4 Saint Ailbhe, Founder and Patron 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



43 



his return, he had arrived at Ravenna, Theodoric, the 
Arian king, put him and his companions to death under 
the rigour of imprisonment. His body, removed from 
Ravenna, was buried in the church of St. Peter, after two 
years, and nine months, and seventeen days. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursday.) A.D. 525. The repose of [625.] 
St. Brigit, 1 in the 70th year of her age. Ailill, 8 bishop of 
Armagh, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Friday.) A.D. 526. The birth of Cainnech, 8 [526.] 
of Achadh-bo. Death of Illand, son of Dunlaing, son of 
Enna Niadh, son of Bresal Belach. In the 197th year 
after the foundation of the regal city (i.e., Constantinople), 
on the Kalends of April, the Emperor Justin appointed 
as his successor on the throne Justinian, his nephew by 
his sister, who had, long before, been designated "Nobilis- 
simus" by him. He died in the fourth month following, 
in the 9th year and 2nd month of his reign. Rest of Saint 
Ailbhe. 4 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 24.) A.D. 527. Felix, bishop of the [527.] 
Church of Rome, sat 4 years, and 9 months, 8 and 14 days 
(and the 17 days 6 of John, and the two months and 
13 days of Felix, make the fourth year) ; and he was buried 
in the church of Saint Peter the Apostle. The battle of 
Cenn-eich, and the battle of Ath-sighe, gained over the 
Leinstermen. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor. Or, 
in this year, the repose of Brigid, 7 according to the Book 
of Mochod. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 5.) A.D. 528. Birth of Coeman [528.] 
Brecc. Benedict, the monk, attained celebrity. 



of Imlech-Ibhair (Emly, county Tip- 
per ary). His death is also entered 
under 533 and 541, infra. 

6 Months. menpbup, B. ; 
menfei A. 

'Days. The original of the parenthe- 
sis here, which in A. seems very cor- 
rupt, is not represented in the text of B. 



7 Repose of Brigid. See note under 
523, supra. 

8 Book of Mochod. See note on the 
"Book of the Monks," under 51 1 supra. 
The clause pectin-ntim tibfuim 
THochoT) is only found in A. (a& man.) 
and Clar. 49. 



44 



ctuticclcc uloroti. 



Fol. I9oi. 



"Jet. lancnp.. (3 p.) CCnno 7>omini ccccc. xx. ix. 
]ct. lanaifi. (4 p.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. xxx. 
pancn CCnconn monachi -oitnna peuelasione fiepefirum 
CCtaxan7>niam pejvoucicun., esin eclepiapancci lohanmp 
bapTnpcae humacun.. 

|ct. lanaifi. (5 p., I. 9.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. xxx. 1, 
1n hoc anno T)iomfpiup papcatep pcp.ippin cictop, mci- 
pienp ab anno "oomimcae incafinacionip u xx. qui epc 
*Oioclisiani cc. y r osl. ui.^f. 

let. lanaiyi. (7 p., I. 20.) CCnno T>otmm ccccc. occcx. n. 
111. bettum m hoc anno ^ef^a uno, ec poffico ep^enfe 
^cc,leccani liap,(;pelix -peputcuf efc m bafibca beari 
^pecfir~apofT;oti.) betlum Gbtmne i"ua TTIuincencac 
mac 6pce, 7 ca mui|i CCilbe ^0^ iaigniu, 7 car CCi^ne 
pO|i Conachca, 7 ca CCtmume, 7 cac dnneic -pop. 
7 op^ain na Cbac in uno anno. Cac CCca fi|e. 

mac Gapca uiccop, epac. 

]ct. lanaip (i. p., I. 1.) CCnno -oomim ccccc. xxx. 
T)emeppio TT)tnn.cenT;ai5 pitn Gpce, .1. TDuip,ce|i- 
mic Tnuip-ea-Dai-D mic Gogam mic "Meill .ix. pat- 
, m T>olio pleno timo, m an.ce Cle^ig puppa bomn. 
CCitbe imleca Ibuip. bompanuf pomanup 
epifcopuf pe-on: anmf .11. Tuebuf xx-tn., -pepulr;tifque 
m bafibca bean pecn.1 



111. 



1 Year 520. This should be the 
year 532. 

2 The 2iGtL Should be "248th," 
Dioclesian having been proclaimed 
Emperor in A.D. 284. The old hand 
adds " Dion. Exiguus," in the mar- 
gin in A. 

s Three battles. In orig. (A.) .m. 
beU/um. The entry seems quite un- 
intelligible,being,as it stands " tria bel- 
lum (sic) in hoc anno gesta uno et 
possito (corrected from possite, by old 
hand) ergense ecc leccam lias." For 
.111. beU/um, we might perhaps read 
tn. betlcc (" six battles" this being 



the number mentioned in the latter 
part of the entry.) But the Editor 
cannot attempt to explain the mean- 
ing of possito ergense ecc leccam lias. 
The introduction also of the name of 
Pope Felix (ob. 530), whose death and 
burial are referred to at the year 527, 
seems to indicate that some great 
confusion has occurred in the trans- 
cription of the text. The entry, un- 
fortunately, is not found in B., and is 
only represented in Clar. 49, by " 3* 
Bella hoc anno." The so-called " trans- 
lator " who composed that version of 
these Annals must have had the full . 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



45 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd.) A.D. 529. [629.] 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn.) A.D. 530. The body of St. [530.] 
Anthony, the monk, having been recovered by Divine 
revelation, is conveyed to Alexandria, and buried in the 
church of St. John the Baptist. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 9.) A.D. 531. In this year [531.] 
Dionysius wrote his Paschal Cycle, commencing from the 
year 520 1 of the Incarnation of our Lord, which is the 
246th 8 of Dioclesian. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 20.) A.D. 532. Three 8 battles [532.] 
were fought in this one year, et possito ergense ecc 7/ ? 
lecam lias, Felix was buried in the church of St. Peter 
the Apostle. The battle of Eblinne, gained by Muir- 
chertach Mac Erca, and the battle of Magh- Ailbhe, 
gained over the Leinstermen, and the battle of Aidhne 
over the Connaughtmen, and the battle of Almhu, and 
the battle of Cenn-eich, over the Leinstermen, and the 
plunder of the Clius, in one year. 4 The battle of Ath- 
sighe. Muirchertach Mac Erca was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 1.) A.D. 533. The drowning of [533.] 
Muirchertach Mac Erca, i.e., Muirchertach, son of Muire- 
dach, son of Eoghan, son of Niall Nine-hostager, in a vat 
full of wine, in the fort 5 of Cletech, over the Boyne. The 
rest of Ailbhe 6 of Imlech-Ibhair. Boniface, bishop of 
Rome, having sat 2 years and 26 days, was buried in the 
church of St. Peter the Apostle. 



entry before him, in someancient copy, 
but was probably unable to under- 
stand it, and therefore passed it by. 

4 In one year. 1n uno anno. Not 
inB. 

/ the fort. 1n axe, A. and B. 
But, of course, by mistake for ayice. 
In an ancient account of the death of 
Mnirchertach Mac Erca, contained in 
the Yellow Book of Lecan, it is stated 
that hia destruction was contrived by 
a fairy woman named Sin (pron. 
Sheen), for whose society he had dis- 



carded his queen. But his relative St. 
Cairnech of Dulane (in Meath), having 
persuaded him to take back L's queen, 
and dismiss his fairy favourite, the 
latter, through her fairy machina- 
tions, successfully plotted the destruc- 
tion of King Muirchertach. The tale 
is wild and imaginative, but contains 
much historical information. See 
the Ann. Four Mast, under A.D. 527, 
and Citron. Scot., at 531. 

8 Rest of Ailbhe. Hia "rest" is 
also entered under 526 and 541. 



ccNuoclcc ulccoti. 



Jet. lanain. (2 p., t. 12.) CCnno -normm ccccc. xxx. 
1111. "Oonmicano TTlucni -oipcipub Pcrcnicn xm. ]ct. 
fepcembfiip ; fie if>pe fcnippn; in epipsola fua, 
TTIaucceup peccaron. pfie-ppicep, -panca parnicn T>if- 
cipulup, m "Domino falucem. bellum tocan.a mon.e 
einp. T>a mben. p.ia <Guaal maetgafiB mac Contnaic 
caeic mic Cainbfie mic Meilt .ix. sialtaig -pop, Cian- 
nachr. Cac CCiblmne fiia TDuificea^ach mac Qapca 
pofi taisruu uc aln uolunc. 

.b. ]ct. 1anai|i. (3 p., tu. 23.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. ocxx. 
Foi. I9ta. u .o "hue ufque TTIa|iceUinuf pe|iT>uxiT: cpomcon -puum. 
TTle|icu|iiUf qin ec lohannif nacione |\omanup fiomane 
ecclefiae epipcopup fe-oic annif -11- menpibuf .1111. 
T)iebup .UL, fepulcuf epc m bapibca bean pecn.1 
apofrob. pe|iT)icio panif. CCibll eppcop CCiii-o 
maca obnc. tlel hie ba'oa'D TTIui|ichea|iT:ai5 mic 
6a]fica, f ecunT)um aliof. 

}ct. lanaip. (5 -p., 1. 4). CCnno Domini ccccc. ataccc. 
ui. beltum Giblmne moncip. 'Cuamt maetgafiB fieg- 
anniy .xi. Uet hie T>oifimiT;ario fanca TTlocca 



]ct. lanain.. CCnno -Domini ccccc. xxx. tin. 

nai:ione ifiomanup, Horn an e ecctefie epipcopup 
menpibup .oci. -oiebup .11111., ec m bafilica beari 
apoproli -pepulcuf epc: xxui 7)iep bonipacn, 
.1111. menpep ev .111. T)iep TTleficupui, ec .XL menpep 
-oiep .11111. CCgapi^i, eppicmnc annum ec .1111. menpep 



> Mochta. (Mauchteus) A. The 
clause here quoted is not in B., but is 
in Clar. 49. 

2 Luachair-mor. The Four Mast., 
who have the entry of this battle 
under A.D. 528, state that it was called 
the " battle of Ailbhe in Brega," and 
was gained over the " Cianachta of 
Meath." The place is now supposed 
to be represented by Clonalvy, bar. 



of Upper Duleek, co. Meath. It is 
entered again, under 538. 

3 As some say. uc <xln uoUmc. 
Not in B. 

4 Ailill. A marg. note in A. has 
TO ib bjxecrpccit beop ("of the 
Ui-Bresail still.") See note under 
525 supra, regarding another bishop 
of Armagh of the name. 

,-- Aibhlinne, at 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



47 



KaL Jan. (Mond., m. 12.) A.D. 534. The repose of [534.] 
Mochta, disciple of Patrick, on the 13th of the Kalends ACL, 
of September. Thus he wrote in his epistle : " Mochta, 1 
a sinner, presbyter, disciple of Saint Patrick, sends greet- 
ing in the Lord." The battle of Luachair-m<5r 2 between 
two ' invers,' was gained by Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of 
Cormac Caech, son of Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager, 
over Cianachta. The battle of Aibhlinne was gained 
by Muirchertach Mac Erca over the Leinstermen, as some 
say. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 23.) A.D. 535. Thus far Marcel- [535.] 
linus brought down his Chronicle. Mercurius, who was 
also called John, a Roman by birth, bishop of the Church 
of Rome, sat 2 years, 4 months, and 6 days; and was 
buried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle. Failure 
of bread. Ailill, 4 bishop of Armagh, died. Or, in this 
year, the drowning of Muirchertach Mac Erca, according 
to others. 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 4.) A.D. 536. Battle of [536.] 
Sliabh-Eibhlinne. 5 Tuathal Maelgarbh reigned eleven 6 
years. Or, in this year, the repose of Saint Mochta, 7 
disciple of Patrick. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 537. Agapitus, a Roman by birth, [537.] 
bishop of the Church of Rome, sat 11 months and 8 days. 
He was buried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle. 
Twenty-six days of Boniface, and 4 months and days 
of Mercurius, and 11 months and 8 days of Agapitus, 
make up a year, and 4 months, and 10 days. The battle 



A.D. 534. Now known as the Sliabh- 
Phelim Mountains, on the confines of 
Tipperary and Limerick. 

'Eleven years.- A. and B. have 
" annis xi". But Clar. 49 has iL (for 
' two' years), which is probably a mis- 
take for 11. The murder of Tuathal 
Maelgarbh is recorded infra, at 543, 
and as the length of his reign was 



eleven years, the date of his accession 
must have been 532. Tuathal Mael- 
garbh was grandson of Cairbre, son 
of Niall, and the only sovereign of 
Ireland in this line. His surname is 
interpreted calvo-asper by O'Flaherty. 
7 Mochta. His "dormitatio " is en- 
tered above, under the year 534. 



48 



CCNNCClCC UlOTDtl. 



.b. 



ec .x. T>iq\ betlum Cloenloca ubi ceciT>ic TYlane mac 
Cefibaill. YYlofip ComgaiU mic "Domansainr, xxx. u. 
anno ne?;ni. 

]ct. lanain.. CCnno oommi ccccc. xxx. um. pep, 
TMCIO pamp. beltum locan, "Gua^al maelgan-b (mac 
Cofimaic cai mic Caipbni mic "Heill .ix. pallais) 
uiccofi en.ac, uc aln T)icunr. itue)iiuf nacione Homa- 
nup f6T>ic anno .1. menfibup .11. T)ief .xi., conpefop, 
obnc. 

CCnno 7>omini ccccc. xxx. ix. 
Home, thgiliup nai:ione pomanup 
copup pomane ecctefie pe'Dic annip .xun. 
.ui. T)iebti .xxi i. San.acui Teuncr;U ec ; Uia 



CCnno T>ormni ccccc. xl. 

Foi. 1966. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno 73ommi ccccc. xt. 1. 
Comgailt mic "Domanial \it. CCLbeup paufar;. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -Domim cccc[c]. xt. n. beltum 
Tx>n.T:en .1. pia Lai^nib, ubi cecTDir mac epce pliup 
Cdlella molr. bellum Stici^e ubi ceciT)ic Ou^en bel 
pex Connachc. Pefi^up 7 "Domnall, T>UO piln mic 
6n.ce, uiccopep epani:, 7 CCmmifie mac Secna 7 
mac Seem. 
.b. Kt. lanaip. CCnno T)ommi ccccc. xl. 111. 

maelgapb lugulacuf efc .1. a n-^neallaig altca, ta 

TTlaelmo|i > ba, cui -pucceffic "Diafimair: mac Cepbaill. 

]ct. lanaip. (1. p., I. 2.) CCnno -cornim ccccc. xl. 

1111. Tnon.calicap ppima que T)icit;un. blepe-o, m qua 



1 Cloenloch. The Four Mast., at 
531, place it in Cinel-Aodha (or 
Kinalea), a district well known as 
O'Shaughnessy's country, and lying 
round the town of Gort, in the co. 
Gal way. 

2 Mane son of Cerbhall. He was 
of the " Ui-Maine " of Connaught, 
who derived their tribe-name from 



Maine, fifth in descent from Colla- 
da-crich. 

8 Comgall. See note under A.D. 
506, supra. 

* Luachair. See thisbattle entered 
above, at 534. 

6 Son. The parenthetic matter is 
not in B. 

6 Confesso): opepofi, A. ^Pi B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



49 



of Cloenloch, 1 in which fell Mane 5 son of Cerbhall. Death of 
Comgall 8 son of Domangart, in the 35th year of his reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 538. Failure of bread. The battle of 
Luachair.* Tuathal Maelgarbh, (son 5 of Cormac Caech, 
son of Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager), was victor, 
as some say. Silverius, a Roman by birth, sat 1 year, 
5 months, 11 days, and died a confessor. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 539. Birth of Gregory 7 at Rome. 
Vigilius, a Roman by birth, bishop of the Church of 
Rome, sat 17 years, 6 months, and 22 days. He died at 
Syracuse, and was buried in the Via Salaria. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 540. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 541. Death of Comgall, 8 son of Doman- 
gart. Ailbhe 9 rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 542. The battle of Torten 10 was gained 
by the Leinstermen, in which fell Mac Erca, 11 son of 
Ailill Molt. The battle of Sligech, in which fell Eogan 
Bel, King of Connaught. Fergus and Domnall, two sons 
of Mac Erca, were victors, and Ainmire son of Setna, 
and Ninnidh son of Setna. 12 

Kal. Jan. A.l>. 543. Tuathal Maelgarbh was slain by 
Maelmordha, i.e. at Greallach-allta, to whom Diarmait 
Mac Cerbhaill succeeded. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 2.) A.D. 544. The first mor- 
tality, which is called ' blefed,' 13 in which Mobi Clarainech 



7 Gregory. See under A.D. 644. 

8 Comgall. His death is entered 
before under 537, which seems the 
proper date. See a note on the sub- 
ject at 50fi, supra. 

' Ailbhe. The "quies" of Ailbhe 
is recorded above under the year 533. 

10 Torten. So called from the Ui- 
Tortain, a small branch of the Airghi- 
alla, who settled near Ardbraccan in 
Meath. They derived their name 
from Tortan, fifth in descent from 
Colla-da-crich. 

11 Mac Erca, . Tigernach states 



that the " men of Cera " (or tribes 
inhabiting the barony of Carra, co. 
Mayo), descended from him. This 
battle is entered again under 547. 

"Setna. This should be " Duach," 
as in Tigernach and the Ann. Four 
Mast 

13 Blefed. See several references to 
this plague in the Census of Ireland 
for 1851, part V., vol. I., p. 46, 
where some curious information on 
the subject of this and other plagues 
is collected. 



E 






[539.] 



[640.] 

[541.] 

[542.] 



[543.] - 



rw 



50 



ulcroti. 



TTlobi clapcamecc obnc. TTioftp Corn^aill mic T)om- 
angaipcc us aln T)ICUTIT:. T)ian.mait; mac ^en^upa 
Cepjibeoil mic Conailt cn.emamn6 mic "Neill .ix. 
Sialtaig fiegncqie iiicipic, fecumDum libfium Cuanach. 
tlel hie "Mcrciuicaf ^fie^on-n pecun'oum aliop. 

let. lanain.. (2 -p., 1. 13.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. oct. 
u. T)aifi6 Column cilte -putrocrccc eps. 

fct. lanaipv. (3 p., t. 24.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. xl. ui. 
(atiap47.) bellum Stigi-De m quo ceceppir; Gu^en bel(.i. 
Connacht;), 7 "Oomnatl 7 pe^up -DUO pin TTluificeifi- 
mic exrfica, 7 CCmmiiie mac 8ecna mic pe^ufa mic 
Conaill ^utban mic Meill .ix. paltai^, uiccoyief efiam;. 
.b. ]ct. lanaifi. (4 p., I. 5.) CCnno 7>omini ccccc. ocl. tin. 
"Dubcac (no T)uac, TO fit Cholta naif) ab CCn/o maca 
quietnc. Cluam mic "Kloif pun-oara epc. Cac 'Coji^an 
fua Lai^mti, m quo cecnDiT; mac Gafica mic CCilella 
minlc. Uet hie ca^ Stip-De. 

let. lanain.. (6 a p., 1. 16.) CCnno -oorninj ccccc. cd. 
um. T)o|\miT:acio pin an.nr.icif .1. Ciayiaim, anno 
xxx. 1111. aetxrcif -pue (uel anno 7 popcquam Ctuain 
mic "Moip conprn.uen.e cepic). 'Ci^efinac Cluana eoip. 
TYlonrxxlicap magna 111 qua ipa paupanc, pmmo mace 
Foi. 20aa. u "CeVouib, Cotaim nepop Ctiaumcaman, TDac rail 
Cille cuilmi), Smceall mac CenamiT>am abbap Cille 
achaiT) T>pumm[a] poco, 7 Columbae mnpae Celcyiae. 
Uel hoc anno 'Cuacal maelgapcB ni 'Ceamn.ach m- 



1 Gregory Afterwards styled the 
" Great." See also under 539. 

2 Alias 47 Added in old hand in A. 

3 Sligech. The river which gives 
name to the town of Sligo. This battle 
is entered above at the year 542. 

* Domnall. The remainder of this 
entry is not in B. 

& Duach. This is the name in B., 
and also in the list of the Comarbs 
(or successors) of St. Patrick, in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 42, col. 3. The 



original of the parenthesis appears as 
a gloss in the original hand in A., and 
also in B. 

6 Tortan. This battle is entered 
above at the year 542, where see note. 
The text of this and the entry which 
follows in A. is represented in B. by 
uel/ hie beltum concern 7 bellum 
Sligi'oe. 

7 Clonmacnoise. This clause is not 
in B., nor in Clar. 49. 
8 Cluain-eois. Clones, co. Monaghan. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 51 

died. The death of Comgall, son of Domangart, as some 
say. Diarmait, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil, son of Conall 
Crimthainne, son of Niall Nine-hostager, begins to reign, 
according to the Book of Cuanu. Or, in this year, the 
birth of Gregory, 1 according to some. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 13.) A.D. 545. Daire-Coluim- [545.] 
Cille was founded. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 24. A.D. 546 (alias 47). 8 The [546.] 
battle of Sligech, 8 in which fell Eugen Bel (i.e., King 
of Connaught), and Domnall 4 and Fergus, the two sons 
of Muirchertach Mac Erca, and Ainmire son of Setna 
(son of Fergus, son of Conall Gulban, son cf Niall Nine- 
hostager), were victors. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 5.) A.D. 547. Dubtach (or [547.] 
Duach, 8 of the race of Colla Uais), abbot of Armagh, 
rested. Cluain-mic-Nois was founded. The battle of 
Tortan 6 was gained by the Leinstermen, in which fell 
Mac Erca, son of Ailill Molt. Or, in this year, the battle 
of Sligech. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 16.) A.D. 548. The falling asleep [548.] 
of the son of the Carpenter, i.e., Ciaran, in the 34th year 
of his age, (or in the 7th year after he had commenced to 
build Clonmacnoise. 7 ) Tigernach of Cluain-eois 8 [died.] 
Great mortality, in which these persons rested : Finnio 
Macc-U-Telduibh ; 9 Colam descendant of Craumthanan ; 10 
Mac-Tail of Cill-Cuiliud ; Sinchell son of Cenandan, 
abbot of Cill-achaidh of Druim-fota, and Colum of Inis- 
Celtra. Or, in this year, 11 Tuathal Maelgarbh, King of 



8 Mace U Tdduibh. Corruptly 
written maccuc -omb in A. Not in 
B. The name is Mac Creduib in 
Clar. 49. But this is more corrupt 
still. Tigernach, at the parallel place, 
gives the name as printed above. 

10 Descendant of Craumthanan. 
The Four Masters (A.D. 548) call him 
Colum son of Crimthann. But he 
was really the sou of Ninnidh, who 



was the fifth in descent from Crim- 
thann. 

11 This year. This entry is added 
at foot of fol. I'Mb. in A., in an old 
hand. It is represented in B., in the 
text, after the name of Columba of 
Inis-Celtra, merely by uel hoc anno 



'Cuatal triaelsttiit) ingularup 
puic. The entry in Clar. 49 is 
nearly the same as in A. 

E 2 



52 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



1 n-gpeallais eitue, lugulacup o Tnaelrfion. hu 
mic hi, qui ec ippe pcacim occippup epc. UnT>e THCI- 
cup echt; Tnaeitrrioip. 

Jet. lanaip. (7 p., I. 27.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. xL 
ioc. beltum cuile Conaipe 1 Cepu, ubi cecToepunc 
CCilill mbanna (.1. pi Connachc), 7 CCe-o popsobot 
.1. a bparaip. T^epgup 7 T)omnalt (.1. 7>a mac TTluip- 
cepraig rnic Gpce) uiccopep epanc. Uel hoc anno 
qmep "Cigen-naci. 

]ct. lanaip.. (1 p., 1. 9.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. l. 
Quiep "Oaui-Dip paficmnaim (piln ^uaipe 1 papanain), 
epipcopi CCpT) macha en legai:! cociup hibepme. 

let. 1 anai p.. (2 p.) CCnno T>omini ccccc. 1.1. bellum 
Cuilne m quo ceciT>ep.unc copcu Oche TDunnan opa- 
ciombup 1cae Ctuano. TTlopp pouaic piln Conaitl. 

]ct. lanaip. (4 p.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. 1. 11. TTlopp 
Gucac mic Conlei-o .1. pi UtaT), a quo hu Gcac tlla-o 
naDi punr, 7 mopp bic mic T)eici. TTlopp Cpaunicam 
mic bpium. Sic m libpo Cuanac inuem .1. HeiLci 
parpaic T)O cabaipc 1 pcpm 1 cmn cpi ccx 1c blia-oan 
lap n-ecpechc pacpaic la Cotum citle. 'Cpi mmna 
uaiple TO pagbail ipni ai>nucat .1. a coac 7 poipcela 
m-o aingili, 7 clocc m ai-oecna. 18 amlai-o po po pogail 



1 Feat eclic. Translated "great 

act," in Clar. 49. 

*Aedh FortoM More correctly 
called Aedh Fortamhail ("Aedh the 
Strong ") by the four Mast., at the 
year 644. 

3 Tigernach. His death is among 
the entries for the previous year. 

4 Son of. The parenthetic clause 
is added as a gloss in A., in a 
very old hand. There is no entry 
for this year in B., but Clar. 49 has 
the notice of David in exactly the 
same words as A. The name of 
David does not occur in any of the 
Lists of the Bishops of Armagh ac- 



cessible to the Editor. See Ware's 
Works (Harris's ed.), voL 1, p. 38, 
where reasons are adduced in disproof 
of the statement above given regard- 
ing David, and Colgan's Trias Thaum., 
p. 293, col. 2, where it is stated that 
this David was the same person who 
was called Fiacher [or Fiachra] in 
the " Psalter of Cashel." The name 
"Fiachra," occurs in the Book o/ 
Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), and in other 
ancient lists, as the successor of 
Duach, bishop of Armagh, whose obit 
is given above under the year 547. 
The entry is written in a coarse hand 
in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



53 



Tara, perished in Grellach-eilte, being slain by Maelmor 
Ua^MicrHi, who himself was slain immediately after. 
Hence is said the ' feat 1 of Maelmor.' 

Kal. Jan. (Sat.,'m. 27.) A.D. 549. The battle of Cul- 
Conaire in Cera, in which fell Ailill Inbanna (i.e., King of 
Connaught), and Aedh Fortobol, 8 i.e., his brother. Fergus 
and Domnall (i.e., the two sons of Muirchertach Mac 
Erca)were victors. Or, in this year, the rest of Tigernach. 8 

KaL Jan. (Sund., m. 9.) A.D. 550. The rest of David, 
descendant of Farannan, (son 4 ot Guaire, descendant of 
Farannan), Bishop of Armagh, and Legate of all Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond.) A.D. 551. The battle of Cuilen, 5 
in which the Corco-Oche of Munster were slain, through 
the prayers of Ita of Cluain. 6 Death of Fothad, son of 
Conall. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed.) A.D. 552. Death of Eacha, son of 
Conled, i.e., King of Ulad, from whom the Ui-Echach of 
Ulad are descended ; and death of Bee Mac Deiche. 7 Death 
of Craumthan, son of Brian. Thus I find in the Book of 
Cuanu, viz. : The relics of Patrick were placed in a 
shrine, at the end of three score years after Patrick's 
death, by Colum-cille. Three splendid minna? were 
found in the tomb, to wit, his goblet, and the Angel's 






s Cuikn Writteu Ctntne in Irish 
text. ButCuilne is thegenit. form, 
the 110 m. of which may be Cuilen. 
(Compare colinn, " caro ; " gen., 
colno, Ebel's Zuess, p. 41.) As the 
Corco-Oche of Munster were certainly 
located in what is the present county 
of Limerick, if this suggestion is 
correct, the site of the battle was pro- 
bably the present village of Cuilen, 
near the Limerick Junction, but 
situated within the limits of the 
county Tipperary. Keating (at reign 
of Diarmait mac Cerbhaill) calls the 
event the battle of Cill-Cuile. 

8 Ita of Cluaiti. St. Ita of Cluaiii. 



The site of St. Ita's church, anciently 
called Cluain-Credail, is now known 
as Killeedy, in the parish of the same 
name, barony of Upper Connello, and 
county of Limerick. 

7 Sec Mac Deiche.Hia death is 
entered at 557 infra, where the name 
is written Bee Mac De, the more usual 
form. 

8 Minna , pi ur. of m in n , or mind, which 
signifies a crown, diadem, or precious 
thing. The term was also generally 
applied to reliquaries, on which oaths 
were sworn; and thus came to signify, 
in a secondary sense, an oath. 



[549.] 



[550.] 



[551.] 



[552.] 



CCMMCClCC WlOCDll. 



me ainget T>O Cotum ciUe mnammna .1. m coac 

7 cloc m aiTjechca -DO CCn/o maca 7 poi-pceta mn 

DO Colum cille pem. 18 aifie -DO safian. poipcela in 

amgil 7>e, an. ip a laim m ampl afip,oet; Colum citle 

he. tlel hie quiep "Dauitnp epipcopi CCfvo macha er; 



Jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omini ccccc. 1. 111. 

true u Ochae. pefcif (.1. lepjicc) que uocaca 






|Ct. lanaifi. CCnno T>omini ccccc. l. 1111. Cachub 
mac "Pe^lufa epfcop CCciT) cmn obnc. Colman map, 
mac T)ia|imar;a -061115 mic "Pep^ufa ceppbeoil rnic 
Fol. 20ab. Conaitl Cpem^amne mic "Neill .ix. paltaig, quern 
T)ubfloiT: lugulauiT;. Qcclefia benncuip punT)ar;a epc. 
.b. "(ct. 1anai|i. (7 p., t. 4.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. 1. u. 
Pelapuf nan one yiomanuf fe-oic annip .xi. -oiebuf 
.ccuin. -pepulcuf efc m bafilica bean pecn.1 apofcob. 
Triotiralicaf mapia hoc anno .1. 'm cpon conaill .1. m 
buiT>e conailt. 

]ct. lanain. (2 p., I. 15.) CCnno 7)omini ccccc. 1. ui. 
TTlopr pen^na (uel pacac) nepocif Ib-oaig, yiegif tllorh. 
]ct. lanaip,. (3 p., t. 26.) CCnno T)ommi ccccc. t.un. 
Colmam moip, micT)iaifimaT:a quern T)ubfloic 
Ceana Tempa ta T)iajimaiT; mac Cepbaitl, 
-pu^a an^e -pibum TTlaelcon, ec moyif ^abpam mic 
bpent>muf ecctefiam 1 cluam pepcapun- 
TTlop.p 6auac mic Conlaic ^15 Ulau 






mic t)e 



1 Therest of David. Added in coarse 
hand in A. See the note under the year 
550 in reference to the person called 
David, Bishop of Armagh and Legate 
of all Ireland. The foregoing entry 
is not in B., nor in Clar. 49. 

2 Samthrotc. In the Cambridge 
Cod. Canon. Hibern. (p. 134) trusci is 
glossed by " scabiem ;" which would 
prove, without the gloss lepra in the 



entry, that the " samthrosc " was a 
cutaneous disease. 

3 Colman. This entry is faultily 
constructed. The death of Colman 
is again entered under 557, in more 
accurate terms. See under A.D. 699. 

4 Founded. The foundation of the 
church of Bangor is again entered at 
the year 558. 

s Cron- Conaill, This is further ex- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



55 



Gospel, and -the Bell of the Testament. This is how the 
Angel distributed the treasures for Colum-cille, viz. : the 
goblet to Down, and the Bell of the Testament to Armagh, 
and the Angel's Gospel to Colum-cille himself. The 
reason it is called the Angel's Gospel is, because it is 
from the Angel's hand Colum-cille received it. Or, in 
this year, the rest of David, 1 Bishop of Armagh, and Legate. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 553. The birth of Lugaid Mac Ui 
Ochae. The distemper (i.e., leprosy), which is called the 
Samthrosc. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 554. Cathub, son of Fergus, bishop of 
Achad-cinn, died. Colman 3 the Great, son of Diarmait 
Derg, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil, son of Conall Cremthainne, 
son of Niall Nine-hostager, whom Dubsloit killed. The 
church of Bangor was founded. 4 

KaL Jan. (Sat., m. 4.) A.D. 555. Pelagius, by birth a 
Roman, sat 11 years and 18 days. He was buried in 
the church of St. Peter the Apostle. A great mortality 
in this year, i.e., the cron-conaill, 5 i.e., the buidhe-conaill. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 15.) A.D. 556. Death of Fergna 
(or Fiacha), descendant of Ibdach, King of Ulad. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 26.) A.D. 557. The slaying of 
Colman the Great, son of Diarmait, whom Dubsloit slew. 
The Feast of Tara by Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill ; and the 
flight before the son of Maelchon, and the death of Gabran, 
son of Domangart. Brendan founded a church in Cluain- 
ferta. The death of Eacha, 7 son of Conlaedh, King of 
Uladh. The death of Bee Mac De, the prophet. 8 



plained by buidhe-conaill. Cron 
means ' saffron-colour,' and buidhe 
' j'ellow.' The term is usually written 
crom-conaill. (See Census of Ireland, 
1851, part 5, voL 1, pp. 46-7.) But 
the form cron-conaill seems the more 
correct. The second member of the 
name, ' conall,' is evidently the same 
as the word connall (gl. stipulam : 
Kelij. Celt. 38). The disease was of 



the nature of jaundice. It seems to 
have been the same kind of disease 
as that which proved so fatal in 548. 
It was variously Latinized jlava 
pestis, flava identify and icteritia. 
9 Colman. See under the year 554. 

7 Eacha. The death of this person is 
also entered under the year 552 supra. 

8 Prophet. The epithet prophetaa 
(or ' propetae,' as in A ), is not in B, 



A tl 



[554.] 



[555.J 



[556.] 



[557.] 









- |Li3 



56 



CCNNCClCC tllCO)1l. 



fct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini ccccc. 1. tjin. Occlepia 
benncaip pun-oaca epc. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini ccccc. l.icc. peipp'Gempa 
la ThapmaiT) mac Cepbaill 7 mopp <abfiam mic 
T)oman5ai|\T: fecunT)um abof. Immifi^e p,e mac 
TDaelcon (.1. bn,ui7)e |iex). Cac Guile T)|ieimne. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -Domini ccccc. lx. bellum Cuile 
Diaeimne -pop. T)iap.maic mac Cepbaill, ubi .111. miba 
ceciT>ep.un^ "Pep^uf 7 "Domnall -oa mac mic Gyice (.1. "oa 
mac Tnuiiichetirais mic TTluifieaT)ai| mic eo^am mic 
1\Ieill), 7 CCinmifie mac Serm, 7 "Namm-o mac T)uac (fii 
Connachr) tncrop-ef e^ianu, 7 CCei* mac Gchach n|\m- 
chapna |ii Connachc. pep opa^ionep Coluim cille 
tucepunT:. Pfiaechan mac'Cemnan ifeT)opi5nem n-ep.be 
n-TptK(T> -DO T)iapmaic. 'Cuaacan mac "Dimain mic 
Sapam mic Copmaic mic 60501 n ipe pola m epbe 
n-7>puaT) i:ap cenn. TTlaslaine po cmg rappe qui poltip 
occipup epc. Oellum Guile uinpen. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>ommi ccccc. loc. 1. Uel hie 
bellum cuile umpen 1 'CeBrai -pop "DiapmaiT: mac 
Cepbaill pe n-CCei) mac bpenam. "Chapman; 
Foi. 206a. bellum 171 on a Daipe. 



The death of Bee Mac De is entered 
above at the year 552, where the 
name is differently written. 

1 Founded. See under 554, where 
the foundation of the Church of Ban- 
ger is also recorded. In Clar. 49, in 
the passage parallel to the present, 
the word ' finita ' is used instead of 
'fundata.' But Clar. 49 is a very 
poor authority. 

2 According toothers. -SecunT>um 

In B. only. 

Expedition. This entry is not in 
B., nor\in Clar. 49. The Irish word 
immiifi5e means a hosting, expedi- 
tion, or assembly. Skene (Chron. of 
the Picts apd Scots, p. 344) under- 



stands imtnifise (or as he writes it 
Inmirge) to mean " expulsion." But 
this is wrong. 

4 Battle of Cul-dreimne. The os- 
tensible cause of this battle was the 
execution, by King Diarmait Mac 
Cerbhaill, of Curnan, son to the King 
of Connaught, who was forced from 
St. Columba's protection, to which he 
had fled, and the desire on the part of 
the Northern Hy-Neill -to revenge the 
insult offered to their kinsman. The 
real cause would seem to have been 
the rivalry of the two great families. 
In the account of the battle in the 
Ann- Four Mast., at 555, however, an 
additional cause is assigned, namely 



^ tt v 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



57 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 558. The church of Bangor was founded. 1 

KaL Jan. A.D. 559. The Feast of Tara by Diarmait 
Mac Cerbhaill; and the death of Gabran, son of Domangart, 
(according to others 8 ). ABt-expeditioft- 8 by^the son of 
Maelchon (i.e., King Bruide). The battle of Cul-dreimne. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 560. The battle of Cul-dreimne, 4 gained 
over Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill, in which 3,000 fell. Fergus 
and Domnall, two sons of Mac Erca (i.e., two sons 5 of 
Muirchertach, son of Muiredach, son of Eogan, son of 
Niall), and Ainmire, son of Setna, and Nainnid, son of 
Duach, King of Connaught, 6 were victors, and Aedh, son 
of Echa Tirmcharna, 7 King of Connaught. Through the 
prayers of Colum-Cille they conquered. 'Fraechan, son 
of Temnan, 8 it was that made the Druids' erbe 9 for 
Diarmait. Tuatan, son of Diman, son of Saran, son of 
Cormac. son of Eogan, it was that thfew^-over head the 
Druids' erbe, 9 Maglaine that passed over it, who alone 
was slain.| ! The battle. of Cul-Uinsen. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 561. Or, in this year, the battle of 
Cul-Uinsen, in Tebhtha, was gained over Diarmait Mac 
Cerbhaill, by Aedh son of Brenan. Diarmait fled. The 
battle of Moin-Daire. 



[558.] 
[559.] 



[560.] 



[561.] 



a decision given by King Diarmait 
in a dispute between Colum Cille 
and St. Finnen. See O'Donovan's 
notes on the subject, Four Matt., 
A.D. 555. That it was considered an 
era in the life of St. Colum Cille 
appears from Adamnan's words, who 
dates the arrival of St. Colum Cille 
in Britain as occurring in the ' second 
year after the battle of Cule-Drebene.' 
The name Cooledrevny is now obso- 
lete, but Colgan states that the place 
was in the territory of Carbury, near 
Sligo, on the north. (Trias Thaum., 
p. 452.) It must therefore have been 
in the neighbourhood of Drumcliff. 



5 Two sons. The claube within 
brackets is interlined in original hand 
in A. It is not in B. The notice of 
this battle is more briefly given, under 
the year 559, in Clar. 49. 

6 King oj Connaught. Not repre- 
sented in B. 

1 Tirmcharna. Not in B. 

8 Temnan. 'Tenusan,' in the Four 
Mast., Chron. Scot., and other autho- 
rities. These particulars are not in B. 

9 Druids 1 erbe. ejibe rfojXtiCTO 
The meaning of this ' Druids* erbe,' 
some kind of charmed invention, or 
obstacle, has not been yet explained. 



58 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



Jet. Icmctifi. (2p., t. 21.) CCnno T)oiidini ccccc. loc.ii. 
beltum TTlona T>aipe loaip, -pop. Cptncniu pe n-tnb 
"Meitl m cuaipceipc. baecan mac dnn co n-t>ib Cpui- 
niB noDpic -ppi Cpuj^niu. ^enup Gugain 7 Conailt 
mepce'oe con"oticT;i mna Lee 7 aipie eolap^g. 

Sinfic paebp,a finpc pp, 
1 mom moip, *Oaip,e locaip, 
CGobap, comp,oma T)0. cep,c, 
Sechr; p,i Cp,tiicne im CCet) m-bp,ec. 










-oa mac [mic] 
Cummai in checnai ; 
Pillif in fti CCmmeyie 
Le felbaib -Secnai. 












cat Cpmtne n-tiile, 
[Ocuf ] poyiloif cf ec Oitne ; 
Piccip, cat n-abp,a Lipe 
Octip cat Ctnte T)p,eimne. 












Oe|iuai|i giattno lap, 
[CCf f -pap.] im chnafp nauch, 
poftgsuf *Oomnall CCinmifie 
Ocuf WaiTDi-o mac "Dtiach. 

18 alainT) peftap altuat, 
^abaip, Oaecam po|\ m 
PO la baecan puitt: btiifie ; 
a epen puifii. 



jt 4Mr *n> 



1 The account of this battle in Clar. 
49 is as follows: "The battle of 
Moindoire Lothair upon the Cruhens, 
by the Nells of the North. Baedan 
mac Gin with two of Cruhens fought 
it against the rest of the Cruhens. 
The cattle and booty of the Eolargs 
were given to them of Tirconnell, and 
Tirowen, conductors, for their leading 
as wages." 



2 Sharp weapons These four stan- 
zas are written in the lower margin, 
fol. 20a&, in A. They are not in 
B. A note in the top marg., fol. 206 
in A., states that the stanzas above 
printed should be inserted where they 
are here introduced. 

3 Seven. VII. , A. 

4 They bear. beyicaifx (lit. " are 
borne"). t)ep.paic, Four Mast., at 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



59 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) A.D. 5C2. The battle of 
Moin-daire-lothair was gained over the Cruithni, by the 
Ui-Neill of the North. Baetan, son of Cenn, with two 
of the Cruithni, fought against the Cruithni. The Lee 
and Arda-Eolairg were given to the Cinel-Eogain and 
Cinel-Conaill, as a reward. 1 

Sharp weapons 2 stretch, men stretch, 

In the great bog of Daire-lothair 

The cause of a contention for right 

Seven 8 Cruithnian Kings, including Aedh Brec. 



The two sons [of Mac] Erca return 
In the same manner. 
The King Ainmire returns 
With the possessions of Setna. 

The battle of all the Cruithni is fought, 
[And] they burn Eilne. 
The battle of Gabhair-Life is fought, 
And the battle of Cul-dreimne. 



[562.] 



fcfc 






They bear* pledges after valour, 

[Thence westwards] about 

Ferggus, Domnall, Ainmire, 
And Nandidh, son of Duach. 

Splendidly 5 he bears his course 
Baetan's steed upon the host. 
Pleasing to Baetan of the yellow hair. 
'Twill bear his burden upon it. 



A.D. 557. bejifCOCjCAron. Scot.,&t 
A.D. 563. 

* Splendidly. This stanza is writ- 
tea on the top margin of foL 206, in 
A. It is not in B. Although printed 
by O'Donoran in connexion with the 



battle of Cul-dreimne, Four Matt., 
at 555, it seems to belong to the poem 
of which the foregoing is a fragment, 
relating to the battle of Moin-daire- 
lothair, in which the name of Baetan 
occurs. 



60 



cctiNcclcc uloroti. 



b. 



.b. 



CCe-oan mac piacpac mopicup.. Naingario Cottnm Cilte 
a-o mpotam 1ae, anno ecacip pue xL - 11 - lusuLacio 
Colmam rnoin. mic 'Dian.mo'oa. 

]ct. lanaifi. (3 p., 1. 2.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. lx. 111. 
Uencup mapiup paccup epc. 171 opp lappe o T)aiminip. 
Uel hoc anno bfienam-o pun-oatnc ecctepiam ctuana 
pepca. 

let. lanaip, (5 p., t. 13.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. bc. 
1111. Occifpo T)ia|imar:o mic Cefibtnlt .1. ta hCCe-o 
mac StnBne, cui fUcceffe|\tinT:'DUo ptn mic 6|ice, 
7 "Domnall. Cftnef bjien-oain bifiop, uc alu 
bellum ^ab|iae liphi 7 mon-p *0aimm 



let. 1anai]i. (6 p., t. 24.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. lac. 
bellum abn,a 

TTloiif quoque T)omnaiU 
mic Gafica, cui pucceppic CCmmip.e mac Sesm. 
mup mmoia anmp .xi. uc be*oa DIGIT: p-e^naun:. 

let. lanaip. (7 p.) CCnno -oomini ccccc. toc. oi. 
lohannep namone pomanup pe-oic anmp .xn. menpibup 
.xi. Diebup .ccccuL, QK m bapibca beai;i pecp.1 apO|-T:olt 
peputcup epc. pech;: m lapDoman. 

let. lanaip.. (1. p., 1. 16.) CCnno Domini ccccc. lx. 
un. pecc m lap/ooman ta Cotman m-bec mac n-*Oiap- 
maro 7 Conatt mac 



1 Island of la. lona. B. has 
merely -oe hibefitiia, and does not 
refer to the age of Colum Cille at the 
time of leaving Ireland. 

2 Laisre. There were three famous 
saints of this name, who generally 
appear in Irish hagiology, with the 
devotional prefix Mo (" my "), in the 
form Molaisi, namely, Molaisi, son of 
Cairill, abbot of Leithglinn ; Molaisi, 
son of Declan, abbot of Inishmurray, 
and Molaisi, son of Nadfraech, abbot of 
Daimhinis, the one in question. He 
founded the church of Daimh-inis, 



' Bovis insula,' in Loch-Erne, now 
called Devem'sh, nearEnniskillen. The 
death of Molasse (above called Laisre) 
is entered again at the year 570. 

3 Cluain-ferta. Omitted from the 
entry in B. The foundation of the 
church of Cluain-ferta (or Clonfert,co. 
Galway), by St. Brendan, is entered 
before under the year 557. 

4 Diarmait MacCerbhaill. Pro- 
perly, Diarmait son of Fergus Cerb- 
haill (or Cerbheoil). In the Ann. 
Four Masters, the Chron. Scotorum 
and other Chronicles, it is stated that 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



61 



Aedan, son of Fiachra, dies. Voyage of Coluin-Cille to 
the Island of la 1 , in the 42nd year of his age. The 
slaying of Colman the Great, son of Diarmait. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 2.) A.D. 56 3. A great storm C 563 -] 
occurred. The death of Laisra* of Daimhinis. Or, in 
this year, Brenaind founded the church of Cluain-ferta. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 13.) A.D. 564. The murder of [564.] 
Diarmait MacCerbhaill, 4 i.e., by Aedh Dubh 5 son of 
Suibhne, to whom succeeded the two sons of Mac Erca, 
Fergus and Domnall. The repose of Brendan of Birr, as 
others say. The battle of Gabair-Liphe ; and the death 
of Daimin Daimairgit. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid.) A.D. 565. The battle of Gabair- [665.] 
Liphe. Fergus and Domnall were victors. Also the 
death of Domnall, son Muirchertach Mac Erca, to 
whom succeeded Ainmire son of Setna. Justin the 
younger reigned, as Bede says, eleven years. 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd.) A.D. 566. John, a Roman by [566.] 
birth, sat twelve years, eleven months, and twenty-six 
days, and was buried in the church of St. Peter 6 the 
apostle. An expedition into lardoman. 7 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 16.) A.D. 567. An expedition [567.] 
into lardoman, 8 by Colman Bee, son of Diarmait, and 
Conall son of Comgall. 



King Diarraait's head was buried in 
Clonmacnois, and his body in Connor. 
*Aedh Dubh." Black Hugh." 
He was King of Dalaradia, whose 
father Suibhne Araidhe had been put 
to death by King Diarmait, and he 
had in early life been taken in fosterage 
by Diarmait. But Diarmait having 
been warned against Aedh, the latter 
was banished into Alba (Scotland), 
whence he returned to perpetrate the 
deed recorded in the above entry. 
Aedh afterwards fled back to Scotland, 
and took the clerical habit in one of 
the Coluinbau Monasteries. But he 



returned to Ireland, and became King 
of Ulad in 581 ; and was himself slain 
in 587. Adamnan gives a very bad 
account of him- See Reeves's Eccl. 
Antiqq., p. 279. 

6 Peter. peicjxi, A. 

7 An expedition into lardoman. 
This entry is not in B. See the next 
entry. 

8 lardoman " The Western re- 
gion." In the Ann. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 565, it is stated that Colman 
Beg, son of Fergus, son of Diarmait, 
and Conall son of Comgall, King of 
Dal-Riada, brought a sea fleet 



62 



CCMNCClCC UlCTOtl. 



let. lanaip. (3 p., t. 27.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. lx. 
tmi. Occippio CCmmipec mic Secna la Tpep^up mac 
"Neittem. 

Foi. 20W. Jet. lanaip. (4 p., t. 9.) CCnno 7>omim ccccc. bc. 
ix. lugutacio pep^upa mic Nettem. Oena, abb 
ctuana mic "Noip, 7 1cae ctuana cpe-oait, 7>opmiepunT:. 
ittap obm;. CCe-oan .h. pacpac obnr;. 

}ct. lanaip. (5 p., 1. 20.) CCnno T>omini ccccc. txx. 
CC mopce pacpicn c. anni. Uet hoc anno quiep 
TTlotappe -oaimmnpe. 

CCnno T>ommi ccccc. bcx. 1. 
i. boecdn mac Tnuipcep^ai^, 
mic 1Duipcep.T:ai5mic6pca, 
Cponan mac ri^epnaig pi 

Ciannachcae ^teanna geimin occipop eopum epau. 
TDoenu eppcop ctuana pepca bpenam-o qtneuic. TT'lopp 
T)emam mic Caipitt. tlet hoc anno occippio 'Diapmo'oa 
mic Ceapbuitt. 1n hoc anno capra epc m 
bhpenumn bippa tit; atn 



Jet. lanaip. (6 p., 1. 1.) 
Occipio T>a aeu TDuipe-oai^ 
7 Ochai-o macT)omnaiU -1. 
anno pegm pui. 



(tnuyvcol5Lach) to Sol and He, and 
carried away spoils therefrom. Here 
we have the Sol and lie of the Four 
Mast, corresponding to the lardoman 
of these Annals. In the Book of 
Leinster (p. 246) the expedition to 
lardomon is stated to have been 
i poll 7 in ill ("to Sol and He"), 
agreeing with the Four Masters. 
The latter is Islay; and the former 
is either Sell or Colonsaj' not Coll, 
which is too far off, although 
O'Dcnovan thought so (note ad an. 
565, F. M.). Islay was at this time 
in the possession of the Scots, as 
appears from Adamnan's life of St. 
Columba (ii. 23), having been occupied 
by Muiredach, son of Aengus, who 
was first cousin of Conall's grand- 
father Domangart. Conall's territory 
lay in Cowall, and this expedition 
was probably against the rival house 



of Gabhran. But it is strange that 
Colman Beg, whose territory lay very 
near the centre of Ireland, was ad- 
venturous enough to engage in mari- 
time warfare. 

1 Ainmlre. Called " Ainmorius 
filius Setni " by Adamnan. Vit. 
Columb. i., 7. See again under A.D. 
575. 

2 Fergus. Slain in the following 
year by Aedh son of Ainmire, in 
revenge of his father. 

3 Fergus. The Four Mast, say 
(568) that Fergus was slain by Aedh, 
son of Ainmire, in revenge of his father. 
The entry is repeated under 576. 

4 Ita of Cluain-credail. See note 
on Cuilen, under 551 , supra. The 
death of St. Ita is repeated under the 
year 576, where the repose of Oena of 
Cluain-mic-Nois, and of Gildas, is 
also repeated. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



63 



Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 27.) A.D. 5G8. Murder of Ain- 
mire, 1 son of Setna, by Fergus 8 son of Nellen. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 9.) A.D. 5G9. The skying of 
Fergus 8 son of Nellen. Oena, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 
and Ita of Cluain-credail, 4 fell asleep. Gildas died. 
Aedhan Ua Fiachrach 5 died. 

KaJ. Jan. (Thursd., m. 20.) A.D. 570. From the 
death of Patrick one hundred years. 6 Or, in this year, 
the repose of Molasse of Daiminis. 7 

Kal. Janair. (Frid., m. 1.) A.D. 571. The assassinar 
tion of two grandsons of Muiredach, viz. : Baetdn__spn 
of Muirchertach. and Eochaid son of Domnfl.11 (i.e.., son of 
Muirchertach Mac Erca^ in the third year of their reign. 
Cronan, son of Tigernach, King of Cianachta of Glenn- 
geimin, was their slayer. Moenu, bishop of Cluain-ferta- 
Brenaind, rested. The death of Deman son of Cairill. 
Or, in this year, the killing of Diarmait Mac Cerbhaill. In 
this year the ' muirgeilt ' 8 was captured. The repose of 
Brendan 9 of Birr, as others say. 



* Aedhan Ua Fiachrach This may 
be the Aedan ' son ' of Fiachra, whose 
obit is given above at the year 562. 

' One hundred years. The entry 
at 552 would refer the death of St. 
Patrick to the year 492, but this to 
470. Tigernach indicates 571 as a 
hundred years after thateveut. Again, 
in these Annals, the year 663 (and in 
Tigernach 664) is set down as 203 
years from the death of St. Patrick. 
See at the years 999, 1013, infra. 
According to these computations 471 
is the latest date. The death of Sen 
Patrick is entered above under the 
year 461, which partly explains the 
confusion of dates. 

* Molasse of Daiminis. Called 
" Laisre," under A.D. 663, where see 
note. 

8 Muirgeilt " Sea Wanderer." 

Sometimes called Murgein, " sea- 



born," and liban, ' sea- woman." The 
entry is fuller in Tigernach. " In this 
year was caught the Muirgelt on the 
shore of Ollarba, in the net of Kenan, 
son of Innli, fisherman of Comgnll of 
Bangor ;" to which the Four Mast, add 
" that is, Liban, daughter of Eochaid, 
son of Mairid." The legend concerning 
her (see Lebor na h Uidre, p. 39, sq.) 
is, that she was daughter of Eochaid, 
King of the tract now covered by 
Lough Neagh, who was drowned by 
its eruption about the time of the 
Christian Era ; that she was changed 
into a salmon, and traversed the sea 
until she allowed herself to be cap- 
tured on this occasion. Under the 
names Muirgen and Liban, she appears 
mentioned in the Calendar at Jan. 27, 
and Dec. 1& 

9 Brendan. See under A.D. 564. 
The death of St. Brendan, of Birr, is 



[568.] 
[569.] 

[670.] 
[571.] 






CCNNCClCC tllCTOtl. 



.b. 



let. lanaip. (i. p., U 12.) CCnno -normm ecccc. lococ* 
11. bellum peimm in quo turnip epc Colman moTncup 
pibup *0iapmaco, ec ippe euapic. Uel hie bellum 
^abpae tipi pop taigmu. Uel hoc anno bap T)om- 
naill mic TYluipcheapcai mic Gapca, cui pucceppic 
CCmmipe mac Seunai. Uel pic bellum cola 7 pop- 
cola .1. nomen campopum ecip 6ile 7 Oppai^e, 7 
ecip Cluain pepca TTlolua 7 Saigep. pacpa mac 
baecam uiccop epac. 

]ct. lanaip. (2 p., 1. 23 a .) CCnno T>omim ccccc. locx. 
111. bellum cola 7 popcola m pegionibup Cpuicne. 
TTlopp Conaill mic Com^aill anno pegni .xui. pin, 
qui obculic mpolam iae Columbe cille. 

]ct. lanaip. (3 p., I. 4.) CCnno T>omini ccccc. lxx. 
1111. rnagna conuencio "Dpoma ceaca m qua epanc 
Colum cille ocup CCe-fc mac CCmmipec. 

]ct. lanaip. (4 p., 1. 15.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. locx. u. 



recorded in Tigernach under the year 
573, which is probably the true date, 
although the Mart. Donegal and the 
Four Mast, have his obit under A.D. 
571. 

l Femhin. Commonly called Magh- 
Feimhin, a plain comprised in the 
barony of Iffa and Offa, East, county 
Tipperary. The Annals of Inis- 
fallen, which have the entry of this 
battle under 565, state that Colman 
Bee was slain therein by the men of 
Munster. But Tigernach (at 573) and 
the Four Masters (at 571) agree with 
this chronicle in recording the escape 
of Colman Bee, whose death is men- 
tioned, infra, at A.D. 586, and again 
at 592. 

2 Gabair-Liphe. ' Gabair of the 
Liffey.' The situation of this place 
has not yet been fixed ; but Father 
Shearman, a very good authority, 



states that it was the name of a dis- 
trict comprising " the hilly country 
bounded bj* the Dublin Mountains 
on the north ; on the east by the 
River Liffey, from its source in 
Kippure to Ballymore-Eustace ;" its 
western boundary including " the 
hills from Tipperkevin, by Rathmore, 
to Athgoe, towards Tallaght, and the 
hill of Lyons." Loca Patriciana, 
p. 28, note 2 . 

3 Tola and Fortola. This entry is 
in the margin in B , and also in A. 
(in which it is partly obliterated). 
The Four Masters (at 571) have but 
the name of Tola, which O'Donovan 
(Loc. cit. t note ,) identifies with 
Tulla, in the parish of Kinnitty, 
barony of Ballybritt, King's County. 

4 Ele and Ossory. Ele, called from 
its occupants Ele-0'Carroll, comprised 
the present baronies of Ballybritt and 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



05 



Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 12.) A.D. 572. The battle of [572.] 
Femhin, 1 in which Column Bee, sou of Diarmait, was 
vanquished ; but he escaped. Or, in this year, the battle 
of Gabair-Liphe 2 over the Leinstermen. Or, in this year, 
the death_of Domnal^son of Muirchertach Mac_Erca. 
to whom succeeded Aininire. son of Setna. Or thus, the 
battle of Tola and Fortola, 3 viz., the names of plains 
between Ele and Ossory, 4 and between Cluain-ferta-Molua 
and Saighir. 5 Fiachra, son of Baetan, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 23.) A.D. 573. The battle of [673.] 
Tola and Fortola, in the territory of the Cruithne. 7 The 
death of Conall, son of Comgall, 8 in the 16th year of his 
reign, who granted the island of la to Colum-Cille. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 4.) A.D. 574. The great Con- [574.] 
vention of Druim-Ceta, at which were Colum-Cille, and 
Aedh son of Ainmire. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 15.) A.D. 575. A spark of leprosy, 10 [575.] 



Clonlisk, in the south of the King's 
County 5 from which the territory of 
Ossory, now partly represented by 
the baronies of Upperwoods and Clan- 
donagh, in the Queen's County, is 
divided by the Slieve-Bloom Moun- 
tains. 

* Cluain-ferta-Mohia and Saiyliir. 
The former, commonly called Clon- 
fertmulloe, is now known as Kyle, a 
parish in the barony of Clandonagh, 
Queen's County. Saighir, or Seir- 
kieran, is a parish in the barony of 
Ballybritt, King's County. 

e Fiachra, son of Baetan. Other- 
wise called Fiachra Lurgan, after- 
wards King of Ulidia. 1 1 is death is 
recorded under the j-ear G25, infra, 
where the name is Fiachna. 

7 The Cruithne. The Picts. In the 
entry of the battle of Tola and For- 
tola under the preceding year (572) 
the site of the battle is fixed in the 



south of the present King's County, 
which was hardly Pictish territory ; 
though Fiachra, son of Baetan, the 
victor, was an Ulster chieftain. 

8 Conall, son of Comyall. See under 
A.D. 667, supra, where Conall is men- 
tioned as leagued with Colman Bee, 
son of Diarmait, in a maritime expe- 
dition. 

*Great Convention of Druim-Ceta. 
1T)oj;na concio, for m. conuencio, 
A., I}., and Oar. 49. The word 
inofXTjdil, ' great assembly,' is added 
as a gloss over concio in B., and in 
the margin in A. On the date and 
place of this famous Convention, see 
Reeves's Adamnan, page 37, note b. 

l "Lej)rosy This entry is misplaced 
in the MSS., being introduced into 
the middle of the record of the battle 
of Teloch, which should probably 
follow it, as in the printed text in the 
next page (6G). 



CCMNCClCC UlCCDll. 



I"' 

M7 



lepficce ec habun-oancicc nucum mau- 
oica. beltum 'Gelocho 1 ciunn cifie, m quo CGCITMC 
"Dunccrc mac Conaill mic Cornwall! ec atn mulct 7)6 
rocnp pliofium gabnain ceciT>en.unc. ITIofif bfien-oam 
mic bfiium. tlel hie occiffio CCinmin.ec mic pecna, -oe 
quo Tnccum eps: 

Pemen an can fiobtn fii, 
Min, bo rnennoc nac T>et;tai ; 
1n-6iu if jpofvoefis a ti 
La hCCmmi|ie mac Secnai. 

]ct. 1anai|i. (6 p., t. 26.) CCnno -oomim ccccc. lxx. 
Foi. 2iaa. ui. bellum "Celoco. Imcium itegm "dbeiiii Confi:ancini 
qui |iegnauic anmf .un. Quiep 5]ienT)ain Clona peyira. 
lugulcrcio CCe-oct mic Ocbac'Ciiiimcapna (abaf 
mic pefigur-a mic TTluiyie-Dai^ maeil mic Gogan 
mic Tuac Calais mic bjnain mic Garbac 
ta bui bfiiuin. Pjiimum pejuculum ULocb m Gupania. 
Uet bic lugulacio pep^upa mic Neillme, j Oena abb 
ctuana mic "Noip, 7 1cae Ctuana c^e-oail, 7 ^illap. 

jet. 1anai|i. (7 -p., t, 7.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. txx. 
un. (finer- eprcuip Giccben CLuana poca boecan 
Reuen,piotlLoT:h T>e 6umama. pei-Dilmii) pinn abb CCp.T> 
maca qineuir. 

]ct. lanaip,. (1 -p., t. 18.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. locx." 



I 0/Teloch "DeU)co, A. ; celoco, 
B. Cenn-tire, in which Teloch was 
situated, and which signifies ' Head of 
the region,' was the territory of the 
Cinel-Gabrain. 

2 Brendan, son of Brian. Chief of 
Teffi a. He was brother of Cremthann, 
mentioned at the year 552, and father 
of Aedh, whose death is recorded at 
588. 

3 Femen. See under the year 572. 
This rann, which is written in al. 
man, in A., and in original hand in 6., 
seems taken from a poem in praise of 
some king of Munster, after whose 
death Magh-Femhin was wasted by 



Ainmire, son of Setna. The death of 
Ainmire is recorded above under 568. 

4 Teloch Detoco (gen. of "De- 
toch), A. See under 575. 

5 Brendan. He died, according to 
his Acts and the Four Masters, on the 
16th of May, in the 94th year of his 
age, at Enach-duin, in the nunnery 
of his sister Briga, and was buried at 
Clonfert. Enach-duin, now Anna- 
down, county Galway, had been 
granted to him by the King of Con- 
naught ; and it is probable that the 
nunnery there was founded by him, 
and placed under his sister's super- 
intendence. See under the year 582 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



67 



and an unheard of abundance of nuts. The battle of 
Teloch, 1 in Cenn-tire, in which fell Duncath, son of Conall, 
son of Comgall, and many others of the allies of the sons 
of Gabran. The death of Brendan, son of Brian. 8 Or, 
in this year, the killing of Ainmire, son of Setna, of whom 
was said : 

Femen, 8 when there was a King, 

Was not a place without valour. 

To-day, crimson is its aspect 

By Ainmire, son of Setna. 

Kal. Jan. ' (Frid., m. 26.) A.D. 576. The battle of [576.] 
Teloch. 4 The beginning of the reign of Tiberius 
Constantinus, who reigned seven years. The repose of 
Brendan, 5 of Cluain-ferta. Murder of Aedh, son of Eocha 
Tirmcarna (alias Timrim, son of Fergus, son of Muiredach 
Mael, son of Eoghan Srebh, son of Duach Galach, son of 
Brian, son of Eocha Muighmedhoin), bytheUi-Briuin. The 
first adventure of the Ulidians in Eufania. 7 Or, in this 
year, the murder of Fergus, son of Nellin, 8 and [the repose 
of] Oena, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, and of Ita, 9 of Cluain- 
credail, and of Gildas. 9 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 7.) A.D. 577. The rest of Bishop [577.] 
Etchen, 10 of Cluain-fota-Baetain. 11 The return of the 
Ulidians from Eumania. 12 Feidilmidh Finn, abbot of 
Armagh, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 18.) A.D. 578. The repose of [578.] 



infra, where the entry of St. Brendan's 
death is repeated. 

'Alias. The clause within brackets, 
which is not in 15., is interlined in A. 
in a very old hand. 

7 Eufania. Under next year the 
name is written 'Eumania.' Tiyer- 
nach has ' Eamania.' 

8 Fergus, son of Nellin. See under 
A.D. 569. 

Ita, Gildas. The obits of these 
two persons are not in B. under this 



year ; but they occur therein, as in 
A., at 569. 

10 Bishop Etchen He is best known 
as the bishop at whose hands St. 
Columba received holy orders. See 
the curious legend concerning him in 
Colgan's AA. SS., p. 306, b., n. 17, 
and the Introduction to the Obits of 
Christ Church, p. liv. See under 583. 

11 Cluain-fota-Baetain. Clonfad, 
par. of Killucan, county Westmeath. 

12 Eumania. See note 7 . 

F2 



68 



tilcroti. 



.b. 



Fol. 21a5. 



mil. Cfuiep thnniam epipcopi, mac nepocip "piacac. 
beneT>ict;up nanone pomanup pe-oic annip .1111. menpe 
.1. T>iebup ocx. ix., pepulrup epc m bapibca bead pespt 
apopcob. Occipio CCe-oa mic eno, ec mopp bptiT>if;i 

p nepoirum pailgi. 

jet. lanaip. (2 -p., 1. 29.) CCnno oommi ccccc. lxx. 
ix. bellurn -oponia mic Opce, ubi Cot^u 
T)omnaitl piln mui|icepcai5 mic 
Gogam ceciT)it:. Gee's mac CCinmi|\ec uiccop 
"Pechr; Oftc la h-CCe'Dan mac ^abfiam. CennaUrc 



]ct. lanaifi. 4 -p., t. .) CCnho T>omim ccccc. lxxx. 
Uel hie beltum T)p.oma ITHC Qjicaae- TTloiaf baecain 
mic Caifiitl. "pecht: O^c. 

let. lanaifi. (5 p.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. lxxx. i. beltum 
TDanonn m quo uiccofi en.ar; CCe'oan mac ^ab^am mic 
"Domangai pc. TTlopp "Pepgna mic Caibteine. 

]ct. lanaip. (6 p., 1. 2.) CCnno -oomim ccccc. lxxx. 
11. TTIopp pepaTai mic "Ouac pepp Oppai|i. Peta- 
pup narione pomanup peDir; annip .x. menpibup .11. 
T)iebup .x. bellum manan-o ppi CCeT>an. TTlopp "Pepgna 
mic Caibleine. Uel hoc anno quiep bhpenamn cluana 
pepca pecun-oum aliop. 



. { w 

fof ; 
.%/A 



1 Vinnian. Erroneously printed 
Umaniuin by O'Conor. This was St. 
Finiiiau, of Magh-bUe, or Movilla, the 
patron saint of the Ulidians. 

2 Aedh, son of Geno. This entry is 
not found in any of the other Annals. 
At 587, infra, the entry 'Mors nepo- 
tum Geno' occurs. 

3 Brudig. In the list of kings of 
Ui-Failgi, or Offaly, contained in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 40, col. 3,) the 
name of a ' Bruidgin, son of Cathair,' 
occurs immediately before that of 
Aedh Roin, whose death is entered 
within at the year 603. And in the 



Pedigree of the Ui-Failgi, in the same 
authority (p. 314, col. 2), a Bruidgi is 
set down as fourth in descent from 
Ros Failgi, the ancestor of the Ui- 
Failgi. 

4 Druim-mic-Erca. This place has 
not been identified. Colgu's father, 
Muirchertach, bore the matronymic 
of Mac-Erca, and from him this place 
may perhaps have derived its name. 
See under 580 and 585. 

5 Or, in this year. 11 et hie, in B. 
only. 

6 Baetan, son of Cairell. Entered 
again at 586, with a ' vel hie,' 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



G9 



Vinnian, 1 the bishop, son of Ua Fiatach. Benedict, a 
Roman by birth, sat four years, one month, twenty-nine 
days ; and was buried in the church of Saint Peter the 
Apostle. The killing of Aedh, son of Geno, 2 and the 
death of Brudig, 3 King of the TJi-Failgi. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 29.) A.D. 579. The_battle of [579.] 
1)rin'ir>-mir-E!rca. 4 in which fell Colgu, son of Domnall, son 
of Muirchertach T son of Muiredhach, son o^Eogan. Aedh, 
son of Ainmire, remained victor. An expedition to the 
Orkneys by Aedhan, son of Gabran. Cennalath, King of 
the Picts, dies. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. .) A.D. 580. Or, in this year, 8 [580.] 
the battle of Druim-mic-Erca. The death of Baetan, son 
of Cairill. 6 The expedition to the Orkneys. 7 

KaL Jan. (Thursd.) A.D. 581. The battle of .Mv"^," [581.] 
in which Aedhan, son of Gabran, son of Domangart, 9 was 
victor. The death of Fergna, son of Caiblein. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 2.) A.D. 582. The death of [582.] 
Feradach, son of Duach, King of Ossory. Pelagius, a 
Roman by birth, sat ten years, two months, and ten 
days. The battle of Manand against 10 Aedhan. The 
death of Fergna, 11 son of Caiblein. Or, in this year, the 
repose of Brenaind, of Cluain-ferta, according to others. 12 



" Orkneys. This is, of course, a 
repetition of the entry under the year 
679. The Orkneys are also noticed 
at the years 681 and 1013, infra. 

8 Battle of Manonn. Dean Reeves 
thinks that this was the name of 
" the debateable ground on the con- 
fines of the Scots, Picts, Britons, and 
Saxons, now represented in part by 
the parish of Slamannan (Sliabh 
3/anann, ' Moor of Manann '), on 
the south-east of Stirlingshire, 
where it and the counties of 
Dumbarton, Lanark, and Linlithgow 
meet." Adamnan, p. 371, n. d. 



O'Donovan was surely wrong in 
thinking Manann the Isle of .Man. 
(Frag, of Annals, 581.) 

9 Son of Domangart. In A. only. 

10 Against. pjxi, A., probably a 
mistake for fii, " by " (i.e., " won 
by ") ; in which case the entry would 
seem a repetition of that under 581 . 
Not in B. Clar. 49 has ' per.' 

11 Fergna. A repetition of the entry 
at 581. 

12 According to others. pecutroum 
aliop, in B. only. The death of St. 
Brendan is entered above at the year 
576. 



70 



ulcroti. 



.b, Jet lanain. (7 p., 1. 13.) CCnno 'oommi ccccc. txocx. 
in. Cftnep pen^uppo epipcopi T)una le^laipe qui 
punT>auic Cill biem. TYlaun.iciup anmp .cm. pcegnauic 
UT; be-oa ec Ipiooopaip TMCUTK;. TYlon.p byiunoe mic 
fflaelcon pepp piccopaim, ec moyip Pen.ccoai mic 
"Duac p.epp Oppose, tlel hoc anno quiep Birchen. 

Ictlanain.. (2p.,L24.) CCnno -comim ccccc.lxxcc. iiii. 
(aliap 85.) Cfwep mic Nipp e abb ctuana mic u Kloip,.ccuii. 
anno. TYlon.p CCe-oa [mic] Suibne, laepf TTloenmaisi. 

]ct. lanaifi. (3 p., t. 5.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. Ixocx. 
u. Occipo baei;ain mic "MmneTo piln T)uac (abap 
mic pefigupa ceannpa-oa) piln Conaill ^ulban fiepp 
'Cemn.o, qui uno anno fiesnauic. Cummaene mac 
Colmain ^15 mic Than-maca, 7 Cummaene mac Libyiaen 
piu, IlLcnrjon mic Cep.baill occi-oeiiunT; eum conpilio 
Colmain .1. oc leim UTD eic. tlel hoc anno ca "Dpoma 
mic Ofice. 

]Ct. lanaip.. (4 p., 1. 16.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. Ixocx. 
ui. bellum "Daece m quo ceciT>ic Colman bee mac 



1 Of Dun-lethglaise. The name was 
originally written (in the. genit. form) 
^m a t/ecj;Uxif e(of Druim-lethglaise) 
in A., as in B., but a rude attempt 
has been made in the former MS. to 
alter Djxoma Coma) to "Ounce, to 
make the name "Dun tecj^cnpe 
(Dun-lethglaise), the usual form. See 
Keeves's Eccl. Aniiq., pp. 41, 144, 
224. At the year 589 infra, how- 
ever, the name of the place is as 
originally written in the present entry. 
2 Bruide, son of Maelcon. Tiger- 
nach, too, has the obit of Bruide at 
583. But, by a strange prolepsis, 
the death of Bruide is entered above 
at 504, and in Tigernach at 505. 
For the mors of Bruide at 504, in his 
edition of the Ann. Ult, Dr. O'Conor 
proposes nativitas, an emendation 
which, as Dean Reeves observes 



(Adamnan, 148, note /), " harmonises 
very well with the true date of his 
death, as it allows a period of 78 
years for the term of his life, but is 
open to the objection that in both 
authorities the ' Battle of Manann by 
Aedhan,' is entered under the preced- 
ing year (503), although Aedhan was 
not j r et born, and the true date of 
that battle is 582 : which creates a 
suspicion that these entries were 
taken from an earlier record whose 
chronological system was different, or 
that they were displaced through 
carelessness iu the scribe." 

3 Feradach. The death of Fera- 
dach is also recorded under the pre- 
ceding year. The Four Mast, at 582, 
and Tigernach at 583, state that he 
was slain by his own people. 

4 Bishop Etcken. See under 577, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 1.3.) A.D. 583. The repose of 
Fergus, bishop of Dun-lethglaise, 1 who founded Cill-Bien. 
Mauricius reigned twenty-one years, as Bede and Isidore 
state. The death of Bruide, son of Maelcon, 3 King of 
the Picts ; and the death of Feradach, 8 son of Duach, 
King of the Osraighe. Or, in this year, the repose of 
Etchen.' 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 24.) A.D. 584 (alias 85). The 
repose of Mac Nisse, abbot of Cluain-mic-u-Nois, in the 
17th year. 5 Death of Aedh [son of] Suibhne, King of 
Moenmagh. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 5.) A.D. 585. The assassina- 
tion of Baetan, son of Ninnidh, son of Duach (alias, son 
of Fergus Cennfada 6 ), son of Conall Gulban, King of 
Tara, who reigned one year. Cummaene, son of Column 
Bee, son of Diarmait, and Cummaene, son of Libraen, son 
of Illannan, son of Cerbhall, killed him, at the instance 
of Colman namely, at Leim-ind-eich. Or, in this year, 
the battle of Druim-mic-Erce. 7 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 16.) A.D. 586. The battle of 
Daethe, 8 in which fell Colman Bee, son of Diarmait ; 



[683.] 



where the death of this prelate is 
entered also. 

4 The 17th year, i.e., of Mac 
Nisse's abbacy. The death of his 
predecessor, Oenu, is entered above 
under the year 569, and again at 57G. 
Mac Nisse's death is entered also 
under 590 infra. 

6 Fergus Cennfada The orig. of 
this clause is interlined in an old hand 
in A., and in the orig. hand in B. 
The death of Baetan is given by the 
Four Masters at the year 567; but 
Tigernach has it at 586, agreeing 
with these Annals. Fergus Ceunfadda 
was otherwise called Duach. See 
Reeves' s Adamnan, Geneal. Table at 
p. 342. 

1 Battle of Druim-mic-Erce. This 



battle is also referred to at the years 
579 and 580. 

8 Battle of Daethe The name of 
this place is written txxefce in A. and 
B., although O'Conor prints Dro- 
maethe. O'Donovan, under an extra- 
ordinary misconception, States (Ann. 
Four Moat., A.D., 572, note) that 
Cod. Clar. 49 has Bellum Droma- 
Ethe,' whereas it really reads ' Bellum 
Doothe.' See under 592, infra. The 
record of this battle under this year, 
in A , B., and Clar. 49, is somewhat 
confused, the notice of the death of 
Daigh, son of Cairill, being intro- 
duced into the middle of it. The 
Editor has taken the liberty of putting 
it in its proper place in the text. 



[584.] 



[685.] 



[686.] 



72- 



CCNNCClCC 



T)iapmaco. CCe-b mac CCinmip.ec tnccop, epac; 7 m quo 
^ ceciTMT; Libpaen mac IllamrDon mic Ceapt>aitl. "Daig 
mac Caipitl obnt;. tlel hie mopp baecain mic Caipitl 
pi% tlta-5. 

b- let. lanaip. (5 p., t. 27.) CCnno T>ommi ccccc. lococx. 
im. Cfmep Caiptaen eppcoip CCp7> maca. Cftnep 
Senaic eppcoip Cluana 1paip/o. TYlopp nepocum $eno. 
Conueppio Conpcantnn aD "Dommum, 7 wx magna, 7 
nisulacio CCe-ikc mgp.1 mic SuiBni, 1 luing. 

let. 1anai|i. (7 a p., I. 9.) OCrrno -oommi ccccc. 
Foi. 2iba. txxoc. inn. Cfuief efpuic CCeta pin bfiicc. CCe-o 
mac bfieiroain \iex "Ce^cba mo|iT:uuf epr, (.1. ape |}o 
T)eyimai5 TDO cotum citle.) eo-oemque cempofte 
cofijii'Da er; ficca concipT:. 

let. 1anai|i. (1 p., 1. 20.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. 
txoccc. ix. TTlofip peiT)etmrie mic "d^ennaix; |iepp 
TTluman. beltum LeirfieiT) la CCeixxn mac ^abyiam. 
bellum TT1ai|i oct:ai|i fie mbfiannuB mac Gchach 
pop, uu "Neitl. Uel hoc anno quiep "Pep-^upa epip- 
copi T)poma lear^taipe qui puiToatur; Gill m-biam. 
let. lanaip. (2 p., I. 1.) CCnno "Domini ccccc. occ. 






1 Baelan, See under 580. 

2 Carlaen. Amarg.note in A. gives 
his name as " Ciarlaech,'' and states 
that he was from Crich ua Niallain, 
"the territory of Ui-Niallain," now 
Oneilland West, in the county of 
Armagh. His day in the Calendar is 
the 24th of March. In the list of the 
comarbs of St. Patrick in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 42, col. 3), his name is 
written ' Caurlan'; and he is stated 
to have ruled 4 years, and to have 
been from Domnach mic U Garba, 
and of the Ui-Niallain. See Colgan's 
Acta SS., p. 744. 

3 Grandsons of Geno nepocum 
^ eno . Clar. 49 has " nephewes of 
Geno." This Geno is not noticed in 



the other Annals. The assassination 
of his son Aedh is recorded under the 
year 578, supra. 

4 Constantine. He had been King 
of Cornwall; but abandoned the 
throne, and became a monk under 
St. Carthach (otherwise called Mo- 
chuda), at Eahin, in the present 
King's county, whence he passed over 
to Scotland, and founded the church 
of Govan on the Clyde. He suffered 
martyrdom in Cantyre, where there 
is a church, Kilchoustand, called after 
his name. His festival, in the Calen- 
dars of both Scotland and Ireland, is 
March 11. See Reeves's Adamnan, 
p. 371, note e. 

s Aedh Dubh. "Black Hugh." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



73 



Acdh, son of Ainmire, being victor. And in which fell 
Libraen, son of Illannon, son of Cerbhall. Daigh, son of 
Cairill, died. Or, in this year, the death of Baetan, 1 son 
of Cairill, KingofUladh. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 27.) A.D. 587. The repose of 
Carlaen, 2 bishop of Armagh. The repose of Senach, 
bishop of Cluain-Iraird. The death of the grandsons of 
Geno. 8 The conversion of Constantine 4 to the Lord ; and 
great snow ; and the murder of Aedh Dubh, 5 son of 
Suibhne, in a ship. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 9.) A.D. 588. The repose of 
Bishop Aedh, son of Brecc. 6 Aedh, son of Brendan, King 
of Tethba, died. (It was he that presented Dermhagh 7 
to Colum-Cille.) And, in the same time, there was a 
scorching and droughty summer. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 20.) A.D. 589. The death of 
Fedelmith, son of Tigernach, King of Munster. The 
battle of Lethreid was gained by Aedhan, son of Gabran. 
The battle of Magh-ochtair was gained by Brandubh, son 
of Echa, over the Ui-Neill. Or, in this year, the repose 
of Fergus, bishop of Druim-lethglaise, 8 who founded 
Cill-Bian. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 1.) A.D. 590. An eclipse of the 



[587.] 



[588.] 



[589.] 



[590.] 



Lord of Dalaradia, and afterwards 
King of Ulster. The murder by him 
of Dermot MacCerbhaill, King of 
Ireland, is recorded above under the 
year 5G4. Adamnan gives a bad 
character of him (Vit. Columbae, 
i. 36). 

' Aedh,son ofBrec Better known 
as Aedh Mac Brie. Founder of Kil- 
lare, in Westmeath. Also venerated 
at SHabh Liag (Slieveleague), in the 
Co. Donegal. He was also the 
founder and patron of Rathhugh,near 
Kilbeggan, in the Co. of Westmeath. 
His life has been published by Colgan 



(A A., SS.), at Feb. 28th. See under 
594 infra. 

7 Dermliagh. Durrow, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's County. 
Added as a gloss in A. Not in B. 
In the Annals of the Four Masters, 
at A.D. 585, Brenainn, the father of 
Aedh, is represented as the person 
who presented Durrow to St. Columba. 
But this is an error. The death of 
Aedh son of Brendan (or Brenann) is 
entered again under 594 infra. 

8 Druim-kthglaise. See the entry 
under 583, where the name has been 
altered, so as to read Dun-lethglaise. 



74 



ularoti. 



pobp .1. mane cenebpopum. tlet hie quiep 
TTlic Nipi abbaift Ctuana mic Noip. 

]ct. lanaip. (3 p., 1. 12.) OCnno -Domini ccccc. ccc. i. 
Obicup Lu5i7>e Lip moep. Nanuirap Cummem longi. 
TUcrcurina cenebpopa. 1mcium pegm CCe-fta mic 
CCinrmpeac. 

]ct. lanaip. (5 -p., 1. 23.) CCnno -nornim ccccc. xc. 
11. TTIopp CCen^upa mic CCmatngcroo. Spegopiup 
nacione pom an up, ex paepe opT>mno, fe-oic an nip 
xiii. menpibup .ui. T>iebup .x. pine eempon.e impe|ia- 
ropip Tnaufiicn e^pocanp; fecun-oo anno pepn emp- 
T>em poccanp peu "Poce pepulrup epc m bapibca 
beat:i peqn apopcob ance pecp.aicap.itim. Uel hoc 
anno cac Bealaig -oaire m quo ceci-oii; Colman beag 
mac T)iapmoT)a a quo clann Cholmam .1. .h. TYlaei- 
leachlamn eccecepi. CCeT>mac CCmmi peach uiceopepac. 

]ct. lanaip. (6 p., 1. 4.) CCnno T)omim ccccc. -xc. 
111. bellum ^eipeiDe pi Cianacheae; oc euT>onn mop 
po mebaiT). pacna mac baecain uicrop epac (.1* 
Pacntc mac baecam mic CaipiU mic TTliiipea'Dai 



jet. lanaip. (7 p., t. 15.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. xc. 
1111. Cfuiep Colinm cilte .u. iT>up iunn, anno aecanp 



1 Mac Nissi. See under the year 
584. This entry is added in a coarse 
hand in A. In text, in B. 

* Lismore. This is the Lismore of 
Scotland, whose founder, Molua (or 
Moluag, as the Scotch call him), was 
in after times the patron saint of tho 
diocese of Argyle. See Reeves's 
Adamnan, p. 371, note y. 

3 Gregory. St. Gregory the Great. 
Styled beloir, " of the golden mouth," 
by the Four Mast. (A.D. 590); a 
name given to him by the Irish so 
early as 634 ; for Cummian writes in 
his Paschal Epistle of that year 
"Ad Gregorii papse, urbis Romce epis- 



copi (a nobU in commune suscepti, et 
oris aurei appellatione donati) verba 
me convert!." (Usshcr, Syllog. xi ; 
Wks. vol. iv., p. 439). Gregory the 
Great was consecrated on Sunday, 
the 3rd of Sept., 590, in the 9th year 
of the Emperor Mauricius. He was 
buried on the 12th of March, 604, in 
the 3rd year of the Emperor Phocas, 
having governed the See of Rome for 
13 years, six months, and ten days. 
Gregory was son of Gordian,a wealthy 
senator, and Sylvia, a lady of rank 
and piety. O'Conor adds " Sed secun- 
dum Bedam, Gregorius quievit xiv. 
anno ab hoc loco infra.'' (Rer. Hib. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



75 



sun, that is, a dark morning. Or, in this year, tho 
repose of Mac Nissi, 1 abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 12.) A.D. 591. The death of [591.] 
Lugaid of Lismore. 2 The birth of Cummen the Tall. 
A dark morning. The beginning of the reign of Acdh, 
son of Ainmire. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 23.) A.D. 592. The death of [592.] 
Aengus, son of Amalgaid. Gregory, 8 a Roman by 
birth, son of Gordian, sat 13 years, 6 months, and 10 
days. He was [Pontiff] in the time of the Emperors 
Mauricius and Focas. In the second year of the reign of 
the same Foccas, or Foca, he was buried in the church of 
Saint Peter the Apostle, in front of the sacristy. Or, in 
this year, the battle of Bealach-Dhaithe,* in which fell 
Colman Bee, son of Diarmait, from whom [are descended] 
the Clann-Colmain, 5 viz., the Ui-Maelechlainn and 
others. Aedh, son of Ainmire, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., in. 4.) A.D. 593. A battle [against] [593. -j 
Geirtide,King of Cianachta. 6 At Eudon-mor it was won. 
JFiacHnafsonof Baetan (i.e., Fiachna, 7 son of Baetan, son 
of Cairill, son of Muiredhach Muinderg), was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 15.) A.D. 594. The repose of [594.] 
Colum-Cille, 8 on the 5th of the Ides of June, in the 76th 



Script., vol. 4, p. 32). But this is 
not in any of the texts. See under 
605 infra, and 0' Donovan's note x, 
Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 590. 

4 Bealach-Dhaithe. O'Donovan 
states (Four Mast., 572, note n) that 
the site of this battle was Ballaghanea, 
par. of Lurgan, co. Cavan. The 
name of the place is written (in the 
genitive case) Daethe (or Doethe) 
under 586 supra, where see note. 

4 Clann-Colmain. This sept were 
really descended from Colman Mdr 
(brother of Colman Bee), whose death 
is entered tupra, at 554 and 557. 

Cianaohta. The Cianachta of 



Brega ; a tribe occupj-ing the S.E. 
portion of the county Meath, probably 
the barony of Duleek. 

7 Fiachna. The parenthetic clause, 
which is in the marg. in A, occurs by 
way of gloss in B. Fiachna was 
lord of Dalaradia, king of Ulidia. 
The death of his father, Baetan, is 
entered at 580 supra, and his own 
death at 625 infra. See Keeves's 
Eccl. Ant., pp. 202, 340, 353. 

8 Repose of Colum-Cille. "Regard- 
ing the date of St. Colum-Cille's 
death, see the learned note of Dean 
Reeves, Adamnan, p. 309, sq. 



76 



CCNNCClCC tllCCOtl. 



K/t-S" 



pue Ixx. ui. TTlopp 611501 n mic gabpam. tlel hoc 
anno quiep eppcoip CCe-oa mic bpicc 7 CCeT>a mic 
bpenainn. 

" let. lanaip. (1 p., 1. 26.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. xc. 
FoL 2166. u. bellum HaEo m -opua-o. bellum CCipT> penT>aim. 
1u5iilacio pibopum CCeT>am .1. bpain 7 "Domanial pr. 
bellum Copamn. 

let. lanaip. (3 -p., t. 7.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. xc. 
ui. Occipio Cumapcai mic CCe-oo la bpannuB mac 
n-Gcac 1 n-T)un bucac. bellum moncip Cuae m 
peponibup TTIumen, ubi pacna mac baecam uic- 
cop epar:. TTlopp 'CibpaitPci pi In Cal^ai^. 

let. lanaip. (4 p., I. 18.) CCnno T>omim ccccc. xc. 
un. Quiep baeiem abbacip 1ae. Occipio (abap bel- 
lum) "Dum bolg ubi ceci-oir; CCe-o mac CCmmipec la 
bpanT)uB mac Gcac, 7 beacc mac Cuanac pex nepocum 
mice Uaip. Goco abb CCipT) macaquieuic. 
uemr; m CCngliam. Imcium pegni Colmain 
7 CCe-oa plain e pimul. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 29.) CCnno -Domini ccccc. xc. 



1 Eugan. In the valuable " Genea- 
logical Table of the Dalriadic Kings," 
compiled by Dean Reeves, facing p. 
438, in his splendid edition of Adam- 
nan's Life of St. Columba, the name 
is 'Eoghanan.' The Dean identifies 
him with ' logenanus,' the brother of 
Aedan (son of Gabran), whom St. 
Columba wished to inaugurate as King 
of the Scotch Dalriada, in the place 
of his brother Aedan (lib. iii., cap. v.) 

2 Bishop Aedh. His obit is entered 
above, under 588. 

3 Aedh, son of Brenann (o? - Bren- 
dan.") See above, under 588. 

4 Raih-in-druadh. Aed-Sendaim. 
The sites of these battles have not 
been satisfactorily identified. . - _, 

8 Aedan. A marginal note in A. 



adds that he was the son of Gabran, 
son of Domangart. 

6 Dun- Buchat . Dunboyke, par. 
of Hollywood, co. Wicklow. See 
O'Donov. Four Mast.,A..v. 593, note d, 
and Shearman's Loca Patriciana,p.29 

7 Sliabh-Cua, The ancient name 
of the range of mountains now known 
by the name of Knockmeldown, in 
the N.W. of the co. Waterford. 
This battle is again entered at 602. 

8 Calggach. First written " Galg- 
gaig " (genit. of " Galggach '') in A. 
But the copyist has written a C over 
the first G, by way of suggesting that 
the name should be " Calggaig '' 
(nom. "Calgach.") This name has 
been rendered classical by Tacitus' 
account of the battle fought between 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



77 



year of his age. The death of Eugan, 1 son of Gabran. 
Or, in this year, the repose of Bishop Aedh, 8 son of 
Brecc, and of Aedh, son of Brenann. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 26.) A.D. 595. The battle of [595.] 
Rath-in-druadh. 4 The battle of Ard-Seudaim. Murder 
of the sons of Aedan, 5 viz. : Bran and Domangart. The 
battle of Corann. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 7.) A.D. 59C. The slaying of [596.] 
Cuinasoach, son of Aedh, by Brandubh, son of Eocha, in 
Dun-Buchat. The battle of Sliabh-Cua, 7 in the regions 
oFUunster ; in which Fiachna, son of Baetan, was victor. ' 
The death of Tibraitte, son of Calggach. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 18.) A,D. 597. The repose of [597.] 
Baitheni, 9 abbot of la. The slaughter (or battle 10 ) of 
Dun-bolg, 11 in which fell Aedh, son of Ainmire, by Bran- 
dubh, son of Echa, and Bee, son of Cuanu, King of Ui- 
mic-Uais. 12 Eocho, 18 abbot of Armagh, rested. Augustin 
came to England. The beginning of *>>A imnf. r ^g n nf 

o p o p u u 

Caiman Righmidh and Aedh Slaine. 

KaTJan. (Thurs., m. 29.) A.D. 598. Ailither, abbot [698.] 









Galgacus and Agricola, at the Gram- 
pian Hills. The ancient name of 
Derry was Daire Calgaich, which is 
Latinized by Adamnan Roboretum 
Calgachi (lib. i., cap. n.) 

9 Baitheni. See, regarding this 
person, Reevos's Adamnan, p. 372. 

10 Or battle. Added as a gloss in 
A. For ' occisio,' B. reads 'bellum.' 

1 ' Dun-bolg.' Fort of Sac ks.' For 
the situation of this place, and the 
causes which led to the battle, see 
O'Donov. Four Mast., A.D. 594, 
note A., where a full summary is 
given from the account of the battle 
of Dun-bolg contaiced in the Borama 
Tract, Book ofLein*ter, p. 294, ft., sq. 

"Ui-mk-Uaif A name borne by 



a powerful sept of the Airghialla, 
who were settled in or near the pre- 
sent county of Armagh, a branch of 
which emigrated southwards, and 
gaye name to the district now cor- 
ruptly called the barony of Afoygoinh, 
connty Westmeath. See Reeves's 
Eccl. Ant., p. 387. 

I3 ocho In the List of the Comarbs 
of St. Patrick, Book of Leinster, p. 
42, col. 3, he is called Eochaid son of 
Diarmait, and the length of his abbacy 
is limited to three years, which differs 
considerably from the period assigned 
in other ancient Lists published by 
Dr. Todd. (St. Patrick, pp. 177, 
179). 



78 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



um. CCiliep. ab Ctono mic "Noif* paupac. Cfuiep 
Cainm|; in CCcaiT) b6 uc Cuana Docec. 

b ]ct. lanain.. (6 -p., t. 10.) CCrmo T>omini ccccc. xc. 

ix. Cfuiep Cainni% fancci, 7 betlum Saxonum m quo 
uicrup epc CCeT>an. 1ugular;io Suibne mic Colmaen 
rnoefi (mic "Diap.mo'oa 7>ein.s mic "Pe^u^a cejin.beoil 
mic Conaill cn.emt;ainne mic "Neilt .ix. patloiS;), la 
hCCe-o flane, 1 m-bpi Tam po|a 8uamu .1. fiiuuluf. 

]ct. lanaifi. (1. -p., I- 21.) CCnno Domini cccccc.? "Cei[i- 
fiemocui' 1 m-baifichiu. tnojif 0]ienT>ain mic Coi|ip|ii 
[mic] "Peiceni. ic muem m bbfio Cuanac. bellum 
lemne, 7 belturn Cute coil, 7 paufa Com^cntl, 7 mo^f 
ODT)ac tnic CCe7>a m if^o anno peyipecca epfe. Uel 
hoc anno quief Cbolumi citte m nocce T)oininica. 

jet. lanaifi. (2. p., t. 2.) CCnno T>omini T>C. 1. Cfuiep 
Com^aitt benncaiyi. bettum Stennae m quo Cotman 
p.imiT> \IGX ^eneyiiip Gu^am incrofi ejaac, 7 Conatt cuu 
mac CCet>o mic CCinmifT.ee pugiT:iuuf euapr. bettum 
Foi. 22aa. Cute coit m quo pacna mac T)emam puigir. 
"Piacna mac baersani inccofi efiac. 1Tlo|ip htlacac 
mic CCeT>o. bettum 



1 Repose of Cainnech. See under 
526 supra, note 3. 

2 Battle of the Saxons. This seems 
to be the battle recorded in the Saxon 
Chronicle at A.n. 603, as fought be- 
tween Aegthan, King of the Scots, 
against [recte with] the Dalreods, 
against ^Ethelferth,King of the North- 
umbrians, at Dsegsanstan (Dawston 
in Cumberland), where all his (Aeg- 
than's, or Aedan's) army is said to 
have been slain. Bede also refers 
this battle to the year 603. (Hist. 
Eccl. i., 34.) 

3 Son The original of this clause 

is interlined in A. and B. in very old 
writing. 

4 Suaniu. Supposed to be the an- 



cient name of a river near Geshill, in 
the King's County. See O'Donov. 
Four Mast., under 5y6, note o. 

5 Coirpre [son of~\ Feichen. The 
name is Coirpri Feicheni in A., but 
4 Coirpri mic Feicheni ' (' C. son of 
Feichen') in B., and in the Four Mast. 
Clar. 49 has ' Cairbre St. Feichin,' 
which is a blunder. In the Geneal. 
Table of the Hy-Maine, given by 
O'Donovan (facing p. 97, Tribes cj-c. 
of Hy-Many) Cairpri Mac Fechine 
is set down as the son of a Feradach, 
and 5th in the line of descent from 
Maine Mor, from whom the Hy-Many 
sept was named. See also the Work 
referred to, at p. 1 5. 

6 Slemain, Cuil-cott, Comgall, Odda. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



79 



of Cluain-mic-Nois, rested. The repose of Cainnech 1 in 
Achadh-b6, as Guana states. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 10.) A.D. 599. The repose of 
Saint Cainnech j 1 and the battle of the Saxons, 8 in which 
Aedan was vanquished. The killing of Suibhne, son of 
Colinan Mor (son 3 of Diarmaid Derg, son of Fergus Cerr- 
beoi], son of Conall Cremthainno, son of Niall Nine-hos- 
tager), by Aedh Slane, in Bri-dam on the Suaniu,* i.e. a 
stream. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 21.) A.D. 600. An earthquake 
in Bairche. The death of Brendan, son of Coirpre [son 
of] Feichen. 5 Thus I have found in the Book of Cuanu : 
the battle of Slemain, 6 and the battle of Cuil-coil, 6 and 
the rest of Comgall, 6 and the death of Odda 8 , son of 
Aedh, took place in this year. Or, in this year, the 
repose of Colum-cille, on Sunday night. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 2.) A.D. 601. The repose of 
Comgall 7 of Bangor. The battle of Slemain, 8 in which 
Colman Rimidh. King of Ginel-Eogain. 9 was victor, and 
Conall Cu, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, escaped by flight. 10 
The battle of Cul-coel, in which Fiachna, son of Deman, 
fled. Fiachna, son of Baetan, was victor. The death of 
Uata, 11 son of Aedh. The battle of Echros. 18 



These entries are recorded under 
the next year, which is the correct 
date according to the enumeration of 
these Annals. 

' Comgall. His birth is entered at 
515, and again at 519, supra. 

*0f Slemain.-- 8tenne,for&temne, 
A. B. Supposed to be now repre- 
sented by Slanemore and Slanebeg, 
in the parish of Dysart, near Mullin- 
gar, county Westmeath. 

9 King of Cinel-Eogain. But also 
joint-monarch of Ireland. See above 
under 597. 

10 Escaped by flight. Pugiciup 
euctfic, A. V^E'ciuf euctffic, B. 



The death of Conall Cu is recorded 
infra, under 603. 

11 Uata. Written Oivoac, gen. of 
OtvDCf, under last year. In the 
Chrou. Scot, at A.D. 592, where he 
is called King of Connaught, the 
name is written Uadu; but Uata 
by the Four Mast., 597. From 
him was derived the name Clann- 
Uadach, " descendants of Uadu," the 
tribe-name of the O'Fallons of Ros- 
common, whose patronymic was also 
derived from Fallomhan, the great- 
grandson of Uadu. 

12 Echrot. See under next year. 



[599.] 



[600.] 



[601.] 



80 



cciiMccloc ulcroti. 



.b. 



]ct. Icmcnfi. (3 p., t. 13.) CCnno 7x>mini -DC." n. 
Quiep pnncain piln neposip 6cT>ac. bellum Ocp-oip 
imTYIuintnpc mcep. gen up Coipcpn.1 j nepocep pacjiac 
TYHnppce. TDaelcorhais p.ex nepo^um piacpac m 
pu^am euejtpup epc. Omma que pcp.ipi;a puns in 
anno pubpequence mueni in libfio Cuanac in ipco eppe 
penpecra. Smell epfcop campi bill [quieun;.] Ca^ 
pleiBe Cua imTTluniain. 

]ct. 1anmi"i. (4 p., 1. 24.) CCnno < oornim -oc. 111. 
lugulano Colniam iiimeiio (mic bae-oain bpigi mic 
imtni"ice|iT:ai5 mic Gayica) a 111110 -oe senen.e puo qui 
tiocacup epc Locan *Diolmana : 

Ce-ou ftije ce-ou yiecr, 
CeDti neftt: pojx 
1niT) Colmam 
Rombi Locan 

CCeT>o plane (mic "DiapcniODa T)eip-5 nnc 
Ce^yi^eoil mic Conaill Cpeirisainne mic 
noi5iallai|) o Chonall mac Suibne, qui jies- 
nauen.unt; TJemofiiam aequab pouepcaue pimul. 
luguUrcio CCe-oo pom pex nepocum Pailgi 1 paecgi 
mic TTleccnaen pon. bpu loca einiT)iTe, eo-oem TUG 
quo nisulacup epc CCeT> plane. (CCei) ^upuan comal^a 



1 Buttle of Echros. O'Donovan 
identifies - this place with Aughris, a 
townland in the parish of Ttmpleboy, 
bar. of Tireragh, co. Sligo. Hy-Fia- 
chrach, p. 138. 

2 Muirisc, i.e., the " Sea Plain." 
A district in the bar. of Tireragh, co. 
Sligo. For its exact situation, see 
O'Donovan's Hy-Fiachrach, p. 257, 
note b, and the Map prefixed to the 
same Work. 

3 Magh-Bile. Now Movilla, near 
Kewtownards, in the co. Down. See 
O'Donovau's important note on Magh- 
Bile, Four Mast., 602, note t. 



4 Sliabh-Cua. Already entered 
under 596. 

5 / Munster. ImTTlusam, A. 
More correctly imTTIurhain, B. 

fi Son of Baetan, $c. This clause 
is interlined in A. and B. by later 
hands. 

7 Who was called. The equivalent 
of this clause, " qui dictus est Locan 
Diolmana," is interlined in al. man. 
in A. 

8 Dithnada. A variation of the 
epithet Dilmana. These lines, which 
are not in B., are written in the lower 
margin of fol. 216 in A., with a mark 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



81 



[603.] 



Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 13.) A.D. 602. The repose of [602.] 
Finntan son of Ua-Echdach. The battle of Echros 1 in 
Muirisc, 9 between the Cinel-Coirpri and the Ui-Fiachrach 
of Muirisc. 8 Maelcothaig, King of the Ui-Fiachrach, was 
put to flight. All things which are written in the fol- 
lowing year, I find in the Book of Cuanu to have taken 
place in this. Sinell, bishop of Magh-Bile, 8 [rested]. The 
battle of Sliabh-Cua 4 in Munster. 5 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 24-.) A.D. 003. Ajjsassination_QJL 
CoJman_Bimidh ( c son of Baetan Brigi. son of Muircher- 
tach Mac Erca), by a man of his kindred (who was called 7 
Locan Dilmana). 

Notwithstanding kingship, notwithstanding law, 

Notwithstanding power over chieftains ; 

Behold ! Colman Rimid, a king 

Locan Dithnada 8 slew him ! 

Assassination of Aedh Slane (son of Diarmaid 9 Derg, son 
of Fergus Cerrbheoil, son of Conall Cremthainne, son of 
Niall Nine-hostager), by Conall, son of Suibne. They [i.e. 
Colman Rimidh and Aedh Slaine] reigned 10 together at 
Tara with equal power. The assassination of Aedh Boin, 
King of the Ui-Failgi, in Faethgi-mic-Meccnaen 11 (on the 
brink of Loch-Semdidhe), on the same day in which 



of reference to their proper place in 
the text. 

' Son of Diarmaid, (fc. This 
clause is interlined in A. and 13. 
O'Conor has created some confusion 
in his edition of these Annals, by 
making this clause a continuation of 
that above given (see note 6) in con- 
nexion with the name of Colman 
Kimidh ; thus giving both kings the 
same pedigree, which is wrong. 

19 Iteigned. This entry is very 
loosely constructed in both A. and li. 
The events are recorded by the Four 
Must., under A.D. 600, in a much 
more simple and intelligible way. 



11 Faetltyi-mic-Meccnaen. "The 
Fair -green of Mac Meccnaen." Faith- 
che-mic-Meccnain, Chron. Scot(G04; 
F. mic Mencnaln, Four M. (GOO). 
The so-called Translator of Clar. 49 
renders it by " the field of Macnaen." 
The parenthesis which follows (inter- 
lined in A. and B.) fixes \\i& faithche 
as on the brink of Loch-Semdidhe, or 
Lough-Sewdy. The name is now 
obsolete, but there can be little doubt 
that the " green " occupied the site of 
the present village of Ballymore- 
Lough-Sewdy, barony of Kathcon- 
rath, co. Westmeath. 



O 






82 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOll. 



Conaill, 7 baetal bile, pon5onpaT)ap), uiroe 7)iccum 
epc: 

flip' bo aipriiipc itiT> cnple 
"Oona h-ogaib caaii) cuiprhe ; 
Conall po bi CCet plane ; 
CCet> plane po bi Suibne. 

CCe'D buiTM pi cemut TYlaem [occipup epc]. TYlopp 
ChonaiU Chuu mic CCe-oa mic CCmmi|iec. Cuu cen 



T>omini T>C. 1111. bellum 
epc bp,anT)tJ^ mac Gacac. 

eyianc, .1. CCe'D UcqieT>ac, m 
lugutacio bfian-ouib 



]ct. lanaifi. CCnno 
m quo 
"Meill 
quo cempo^e 



a ^enefie fuo pep, T>olum (mac 6ai;hach mic 
TDuipea'Dai mic CCe'oa mic pei^bm mic Gnna Cemn- 
fealaig mic Labpa-oa mic bpeapail belaig mic 
Paca baicceaT>a mic Caraip moip.) Tpipnca anmp 
m tagima, 7 a ca na "Damcluana p,o 
No goma-o e 8apan paefJ-oepg .1. oipcinneac 
pine popmaippeai), uc poeca T>IXIC .p. 

Sapan paeb'oep^ peol co -pe, 
Oipcinneach Senboice pne; 
O ni occtb gan bpairoal bpat, ' 
Ho riiccpb bpaiToub mac Oachach. 

Poccapatimp .uii. pegnauic. Obicup Laippen abbanp 
1ae. 



1 Aedh. This clause is added in 
al. man. in A. Interlined in B. 

2 Of which was said. Unde dictum 
est, A. Not in B. The verses which 
follow (and which also are not in B.) 
are in the top marg. of A., fol. 22a ; 
another, but more corrupt, copy being 
written in the lower margin, foL 216. 

3 Tuath-Tuirmhe. O'Donovan 
(Fwr Mast.) 600, note g) says that 



this was a Bardic name for Bregia, 
' from Tuu-bhe, or Turvey, near 
Swords, in the county of Dublin.' 

* Aedh Buidhe. He was king, or 
chieftain, of the Cinel-Maine (or des- 
cendants of Maine, son of Niall Nine- 
hostager), whose territory was in 
later times known as Tethbha, or 
Teffia, a district comprising the 
western part of the present county of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



83 



Aodh Slane was assassinated, (Aedh 1 Gustan, ConalTs 
foster-brother, and Baethal Bile, that killed him) ; of which 

was said : 8 

Not wise was the counsel 

For the heroes of Tuath-Tuirmhe ; 8 

Conall that slew Aedh Slane ; 

Aedh Slane that slew Suibne. 

Aed Buidhe, 4 King of Cinel-Maini, [slain]. Death of Conall 
Cuu, 5 son of Aedh, son of Aimnire. Cu-cen-mathair 6 died. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 604. The battle of Slaebhre, in which 
Brandubh, son of Eacha, was vanquished. The Ui- 
Neill were victors, (le., Aedh Uaridnach,who then reigned). 
The killing of Brandubh, King of Leinster, by his 
own tribe, through treachery : (son of Eacha, son of 
Muiredach, son of Aedh, son of Fedhlim, son of Enna 
Cennselach, son of Labraidh, son of Bresal Belach, son of 
Fiacha Baicceda, son of Cathair Mor). He reigned thirty 
years in Leinster, and in the battle of Damcluaiu he 
was slain. Or it may have been Saran * Saebhderg,' i.e., 
the ' Herenagh ' of Senboth-sine, that killed him, as the 
poet said : 

False-eyed Saran, a guide hitherto, 
1 Herenagh ' of Senboth-sine, 
Was he, no falsehood, without bright judgment, 
That killed Brandubh son of Eacha. 

Foccas 7 reigned seven years. Death of Laisren abbot 
of la. 



Westmeath, with adjacent parts of 
Longford and King's cos. See 
O'Donov. Four Mast., at A.D. 1207, 
note 2, and Ir. Topog. Poems, note 35. 
The Four Mast. (A.D. 600) and the 
Chron. Scot. (604) state that Aedh 
was slain by Conall son of Suibhne, 
on the same day on which Aedh Slane 
was killed. 

* Conall Cuu. Said to have been 
defeated in the battle of Slemain, 
supra, 601. O'Conor thinks the name 



signifies ' Conallus placid us,' and not 
' Conallus canis,' as O'Donovan sug- 
gests (Four Mast. 600, note K). 

6 Cu-cen-mathair, i.e., " Canis sine 
matre." The record of his obit here 
is decidedly wrong, and for " inor- 
tui sunt", we should probably read 
" natus est," as his death is recorded 
infra, at 664. 

7 'Foccas. The Emperor Phocas. 
This and the following entry are not 
in 13., nor in Clar, 49. 

G2 



[604.] 



IU 



iiloroti. 



226 

.b. 



let. lanain, CCnno T>omini T>C. u. Cfuiep 
abbaap ben n coin.. TYlopp CCe-ikcm mic abn.ain (mic 
"Oomansaip-c, 1115 CCtban). Insulate piliopum baesain 
.1. mic Caifiill. Secun-oo anno "poccae impep.ai;on.ip, 
^ne50p.iuf papa pecunt>um be-nam mi^fiauic aT> oomi- 
num. bompatno p-o^ance ptatun; peT>em poiinanae 
eu apofcobcae aecclepaecapuc eppe omnium ecctepia- 
paim, quia ecclepia Conprancinopobcana pp.imum pe 
omnium ecctefiajium fcpibebar. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>C. ui. Uel ut: atn 
oicunc hie mi^auiT: ^tiesofiiuf a-o Chn.ifrum, -pcilicer; 
hoc anno. 

let. lanaifi. (2 p., I. 9.) CCnno T>omim 7>c.ini. mopr 
piacp.ac caic mic baecain la Cyiuicniu, ~j quiep CCe-oac 
mic T)aiU. Sabunianuf nation e "Cupcup peT>em perp.1 
anno .1. menpibup .u., -oiebup .ix., ec peputrup 
m bapibca pe^pi. 

let. 1anmn. (4 p., t. 20.) CCnno -oomini T>C. uin. 
Occipio 8ecnupai5 mic ^ap,bam, -j mopp Conaill mic 
"Daimem, -j quiep Lu^ac mic U Ochae. 



1 Beogna. Written Oeugnai (the 
gen. case) in A. and B. O'Conor 
has erroneously printed the name 
' Bengnai,' and Latinized it Benignus, 
in his ed. of these Annals. His 
festival is given as 22 Aug., in the 
Martyr, of Donegal, where the name 
is Beoghna. 

2 Aedhan. The Cliron. Scotorum, 
in giving his obit at the year GOG, 
adds that this was the 37th year of 
Aedhan's reign, and the 88th, or 86th, 
of his age. But Aedhan died in the 
74th. year of his age, according to 
Tigernach. 

3 Sons of Baetan.The death of 
this Baetan is entered, supra, under 
the years 580 and 586. The Chron. 
Scot., which records the murder of 



Baetan's sons at the year 606, adds 
that they were slain in ' Dun-Mogna,' 
a Jilio mains slice. In the Book of 
Leinster (p. 330. col. 4), the slayer of 
the sons of Baetan is stated to have 
been his brother, Maelduin, and the 
place where they were slain is called - 
Dun-Mugnae. 

* According to Bede. See Bede's 
Eccl. Hist., Book ii., chap, i, 

5 He, i.e., the Emperor Phocas. 
Vid. Paul. Diacon., de Gest. Reg. 
Longolard., lib. 4, cap. 37. 

6 Fiachra Catch, i.e., ' Fiachra the 
one-eyed.' Cfiaic (gen. of cp.aec), 
A. Written p_iacp,a cfiaic in B., 
and printed Fiachrait by O'Conor, 
who has fused the name and the 
epithet into one. Skene prints the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



85 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 605. The repose of Beogna, 1 abbot of [605.] 
Bangor. The death of Aedhan, 2 son of Gabran, son of 
Domangart, King of Alba. Assassination of the sons 
of Baetan, 4 son of Cairill. In the second year of tho 
Emperor Phocas, Pope Gregory migrated to the Lord, 
according to Bede. 4 At the request of Boniface, he 5 had 
decreed the See of Home and of the Apostolic Church to 
be the head of all Churches, for the Constantinopolitan 
Church used to describe itself the first of all Churches. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. GOG. Or, as others say, in this place [606.] 
Gregory migrated to Christ ; to wit, in this year. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 9.) A.D. 607. The death of [607.] 
Fiachra Caech, son of Baetan, by Cruithni; and the 
repose of Aedh, son of Dall. 7 Sabinian, by birth a 
Tuscan, held 8 the See of Peter one year, five months, and 
tea days, and was buried in the Church of Peter. 

KaL Jan. (Wed., m. 20.) A.D. 608. The killing of [608.] 
Sechnasach, 9 son of Garban, and the death of Conall, son 
of Daimin, and the repose of Lugaid Mac-Ui-Oche. 10 



entry of Fiachra Caech's death (Chron. 
of the Picts and Scots, p. 346,) as if 
he regarded Fiachra as a Scottish 
personage ; but Fiachra was evidently 
the son of the Baetan above men- 
tioned (580, 586). 

7 Son of Dall.'Omll (gen. of 
octU/) A. and B. O'Conor prints 
Domhnaill (' of Domhnall ') ; and 
Clar. 49 has 'Donill.' The word 
quier would imply that the person 
referred to was an ecclesiastic. There 
is no corresponding entry in the A nn. 
Four Mast. 

* Held. The words pecp,i tenuic, 
in the original text, omitted in A., 
are supplied from B. 

9 Sechnasach. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (605), and Chron. Scot. (609), 
Sechnasach is stated to have been 



King of Cinel-Boghaine, a tribe 
located in the district corresponding 
to the present barony of Banagh, co. . 
Donegal. 

1 Lugaid Mac- Ui- Oche, i.e. , ' Lugaid , 
son of the descendant of Oche.' His 
birth is entered under the year 553, 
supra. He is better known by his 
alias name Molua, which is the form 
used in Tigernach. His father was 
one Carthach, of the Munster tribe 
Corco-Oche, mentioned supra, at 551. 
Hence the description Mac-Ui-Oche. 
Lugaid, or Molua, founded the church 
of Cluain-ferta-Mohia, or Clonfert- 
Mulloe, now known as Kyle, in the 
barony of Clandonagh, Queen's co. 
O'Conor erroneously prints the name 
L. mac Cuochw. 



86 



ccMNcclcc ulcroti. 



.b. 



}ct. lanaifi. (5 -p., 1, 1.) CCnnoT>omini T>C. ix. TTIop.p 
CCe'oo mic Golden f*epF 1ia n-Cdfirep.. 1Tlo|if Sillam 
mic Cummmn abbcrcif benncoifi, 7 mop.f CCeT)am anco- 
jiicae benncoip., 7 mofif Tnaelehumai mic baecam. 
Senac (o cluain 1100111511151), abb CCiff/o maca, qtneum 
qionici liifebn. 

lanaip.. (6 p., I. 12.) CCnno T>ommi TC. x. 
efc exe^cmif tllor im mbaipciu 
loiif TTlaeileT)tiin rnic CCteni 

7>ofinae, 7 mojip Ou^ain mic 6cac taiB. Cfuief Colmam 
elo. 8ic efc m bbpo Cuanach, CCe-5 fiom 7 CCeT> taigen. 
]ct. lanaifi. (7 -p., I. 23.) CCnno T)ornini r>c. xi. 
TTlonf CCe-bo at-D-oain piln "Oomnaill nepf "Cemiio. 
belltim OT)bae fie n-Oen^Uf mac Colmam, m quo 
cecnDic ConaU lae^bfie^ piliuf CCe'oo plane. TTlaelcoBa 
tie^naiie mcipit: hoc anno. 

Jet. lanain.. (2 p., 1. 4.) CCnno T>omim -oc. xn. Cfmep 
Oenr|\ai15 abbanp benncoiji. ID ofip Colmam 
bellum Caipe legion ubi fancn occifi 
;, 7 ceciT)ic Solon mac Conaen fiex b)fiit:anofium. 
annif .xxui. 



1 Aedan. This entry, which is not 
in B., is in Clar. 49. 

2 Cluain- U-Aingrlghl. In the List 
of Successors of St. Patrick, contained 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 42, 
cols. 3-4), Senach, who is called 
garbh (' rough ') is stated to have 
been from Cluain. h. micGHcci (' Plain 
of the descendant of Gricci's son '), and 
of the Ui-Niallain ; and it is further 
added that Senach was ' a blacksmith 
in Orders, from Kilmore.' The Kil- 
more here referred to is probably 
Kilmore, in the bar. of O'Neilland 
West, co. Armagh. See Todd's St. 



Patrick, p. 180. The clause is not 
in B. 

3 Chronicle ofEusebius. This can- 
not refer to the genuine chronicle of 
Eusebius, who died A.D. 340, but 
may possibly allude to some copy 
thereof, with additions, known to old 
Irish Annalists. 

4 Echa Laibh. The Echodius Laib 
of A damn an (Vit. Columb., i., 7). 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 33, note h. 

6 Aedh Roin AedhLaighen. The 
preceding statement, " Thus it is in 
the Book of Cuanu," seems to refer 
to the imperfect conclusion of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



87 



Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 1.) A.D. 609. Death of [609.] 
Aedh, son of Colgu, King of the Airthera. Death of 
Sillan, son of Cummin, abbot of Bangor ; and death of 
Aedan, 1 anchorite of Bangor ; and death of Maeluma, son 
of_Baetan. Senach (from CluainTU-Aingrighi 2 ), abbot of 
Armagh, rested. End of the Chronicle of Eusebius. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Fiid. m. 12.) A.D. 610. The army of [610.] 
Uladh was struck by terrible thunder in Bairche. The 
death of Maelduin son of Alen, King of Mogdorna ; and 
the death of Eugan, son of Echa Laibh. 4 The repose of 
Colman Elo. Thus it is in the Book of Cuanu. Aedh 
Roin 5 and Aedh Laighen. 5 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 23.) A.D. 611. Death of Aedh [6H-] 
Aldan, 8 son of Domnall, King of Tara. The battle of 
Odba was gained by Oengus, son of Colman, in which 
fell Conall Laegh-bregh, son of Aedh Sldne. Maelcobha 
begins to reign in this year. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 4.) A.D. 612. The repose of [612] 
Finntan of Oentraibh, 7 abbot of Bangor. The death of 
Colman Uath[ach] 8 . The battle of Caer-legion, 9 in which 
holy men 10 were slain, and Solon son of Conaen, King of 
the Britons, fell. Heraclius reigns 26 years. 



entry that follows, and not to the 
" quies " of Colman Elo (St Colman 
of Lainn-Elo, or Lynally, in the 
King's Co.), the date of whose death 
is given in the Irish Annals generally 
as CIO. Of Aedh Roin and Aedh 
Laighen, nothing is known, at least 
to the Editor. 

Aedh Aldan. An alias name for 
Aedh Uaridnach, King of Tara. See 
under the year 604 supra. The 
accession to the throne of the real 
Aedh Aldan (or Aedh Allan) is entered 
at the year 733 infra. 



i Oentraibh. The Irish form of the 
name of Antrim. 

Uathack.* The hateful" Writ- 
ten uccch. in A. and B. ; but ticrctmis 
(genit. of uccchcich) in Chron. Scot. 
(613). 

9 Caer-hgion. Chester. The An- 
glo-Saxon Chron. records this battle 
under the year 606. See Thorpe's 
ed., London, 1861. See also Bede's 
account of it, Eccl. Hitt., Book 2, 
Chap. 2. 

10 Holy men. pa, for tancti, 
A., B* 



88 



ccNucclcc uloroti. 



Foi.226a. "jet. lanaip. (3 p., t. 15.) CCnno -oomini T>C. xm. 
'Gotpa poca abb Cluana mic u ttoip paupai;. Suella 
uipa epc hopa uin T)iei. 

]ct. lanaip. (4 p., I. 26.) CCnno T>ommi T>C. xmi. 
lu^uUrcio Tflaeticoba mic CCe-oo m betlo montip (beal- 
5aT>am) lAiec (uel ca -SleiBe rpuim). Suibni menn 
uicrop. eficrc ec pegnauis pope eum. Cfuiep "Oiapmato 
cepun abbanp Cluana ipaipD. beltum "Pi-Dnaigi ei 
le^s m |iiaT)Tai. Coeman bp.ecc quieuic. 
.t>. let. lanaip. (5 p., t. 7.) CCnno -oommi -oc. ecu. 

TTIop.f Suibne mic Cp-aecem fie^if Cianaccae ^bnne 
gainim, 7 mofip CCe-oain mic Tnongain yiegif T>atn.iai;a 
(no a|iaiT)e), 7 mo^if pecfiam epfcoip Lufcan- 60 
[anno] CCe-D 7 C^iran apem obiep.unc. Combupcio 
benncoip.. 

]ct. lanaip. (7 p., 1. 18.) CCnno -Domini T>C. x. u. i. 
Combupcio mapxip,um 6ga. Combupcio "Donnain G^a 
hi .ocu.]Cal. TTlai cum .cl. mafrcifiibup, 7 occipio "Cop-chae, 
7 topcai) ConTupi. Upque hunc annum pcpippic 1pio- 
T>on.up Cpomcon puum, ira "Dicenp, Gpacbup T>ehmc 
qumr;um annum agii; impepn, hoc epc anno quinco 



1 Tolua. "Cotpa, A., B., and 
Clar. 49. But "Tolua" in the Ann. 
Four Mast., which have his obit 
under the year 609. 

2 Sliabh-Tueth. Originally written 
moiT cuech in A., over which a 
second hand has added rip beal- 
ga'oain, as if to correct the name to 
mantis Eealffadhain, or Sliabli-Belga- 
dain (as in MS. B.) The alias read- 
ing which would fix the site of the 
battle at Sliabh-Truim (now known 
as " Bessy Bell " Mountain, in the 
bar. of Strabane) is added in the 
margin in A. and B. Clar. 49 has 
simply " in bello Montis Belgadhain." 
But the Four Masters write the name 
Sliabh-Toadh ; and the Chron. gicot. 



has " in bello montis Toath (or 
Taeth)"; whilst in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 25a) Maelcobha is stated 
to have been slain in the battle of 
Sliabh-Toad. Keating writes ' ' Sliabh- 
Bealgadain." 

3 At. ei (for ec, or ic) A., B. 
O'Conor prints ic (" at.") Clar. 49 
has " at Legg-in-Riada." The name 
signifies " the stone of punishment." 
The place has not been identified. 

* Coeman Brec. His birth is re- 
corded supi-a, at the year 528 ; so 
that he lived to the age of 86. 

5 Dalriata or \_DaT\araide. Over 
the name -oatfiiaca, in A., the copyist 
has written t afiaToe (or aruidt) 
rightly correcting the name to Dala- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



89 



Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 15.) A.D. 613. Tolua 1 the Tall, [6i3.j 
abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, rests. A star was seen the 
eighth hour of the day. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 26.) A.D. 614. The killing of [GH.l 
Maelcobha son of Aedh, in the battle of Sliabh-Tueth 8 
(Sliabh-Belgadain ; otherwise, the battle of Sliabh- 
truira.) Suibne Menn was victor, and reigned after him. 
The repose of Diarmait, third abbot of Cluain-Iraird. 
The battle of Fidnacha, at 3 Legg-in-riaddai. Coeman 
Brec 4 rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 7.) A.D. 615. The death of [615.] 
Suibne, son of Crachen, King of the Cianachta of Glenn- 
gaimhin, and the death of Aedhan son of Mongan, King 
of Dalriata or [I)al]araide 5 ; and the death of Petran, 
bishop of Lusca. In the same year 6 Aedh, and Critan 
Areni, died. Burning of Bangor. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 18.) A.D. 616. The burning of [616.] 
the martyrs of Egg. The burning of Donnan 7 of Egg, 
on the loth of the Kalends of May, with 150 martyrs ; 
and the devastation of Torach, 8 and the burning of 
Condere. Isidore wrote his Chronicle down to this year, 
thus saying : Heraclius completed the fifth year of his 
reign from this time, 9 which is in the fifth year of the 



raide, of which Aedhan was King. 
See Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq., p. 340. 

8 // the tame year. Co in A. and 
B., the word anno being omitted in 
both MSS. Clar. 49 has eo an. 
O'Conor, in his ed. of these Annals, 
has joined 60 to the following name 
CCeT>, and formed from the conjunc- 
tion the unusual form of name " Eac- 
haedh." 

1 Donnan. The original of this 
entry is added over that of the pre- 
ceding entry in A., and partly in B. 
Regarding St. Donnan of Egg (or 
Donnan Ega, as he is generally called), 



see Reeves' Adamnan, Additional 
Note K., p. 303, where much curious 
information on the subject is given. 

8 Devastation of Torach. occifio 
is the word used for " devastation," 
in A., B., and Clar. 49. The Chron. 
Scot, has uctf ccccio. Torach is Tory 
Island, off the N.W. coast of Donegal. 
The devastation of Torach is men- 
tioned under the year 612 by the 
Four Matt., who have no notice of 
the massacre of Donuan's people above 
recorded. 

" From this time. oeliinc, A., B., 
and Clar. 49. 



90 



CCMMCClCC UlCCOtl. 



impep.11 e-n.ccctn ec quango fieti5iopippimi pp.incipip 
8epibti7:i ; p unc ab exop.7>io mtmT>i anni upque <ro Gfiactn 
annum ppepencem, hoc eps qtnncum, u. T>CCC. ocim. 
let. lancnp. (1 p., L 29.) CCnno T>omim -oc. x. tin. 
immain.ecc m Oiluuin m T>IG papccc. lusulcrcio 
mic Stnbm 7 mopp pacfiac mic Conmll, 7 
ptln Colmmn magni .1. o CCnpcqvcac 
htl TTlefcain T)O muinnt:i|i blacme : 

TTlai Totn ifeT)fa com tech, 
hit a TTlefcain CCnpo|iT:acTi, 

> oo|ibach 'oombeuifi TJO, 
50110 



I'M can -DOftejcrc bui-one 
Cemtut Cotmain -pech cuilne, 



Sit TTlepcain im 

glmne 7>a loca 7 Com^alt eppcop, 7 eppcop 
Gogan Rara piche, quieuep,unT:. In'Dfiae'o TTIaca, ec 
ceppemocup m pallia. 

let. lanaip. (2 p., 1. 10.) CCnno -cornim 7>c. x. uni. 
bbep, abbap CCchcm> bo Cammg. tnopp 8iltani 
abbanp campi bib. TTIop-p CCe-bo bennam 7 
mic pacp.ac. 



in the genit. case in A. and B., is 
entered in Ann. Four Mast., under 
the year 613. 

* Anjortach Ua Mescain. This 
name is written Anfartech .h. Mescill 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 42, col. 1), 
where it stated that he slew Fergus 
" in the battle of Blatteine." 

8 Blatini. See last note. 

6 Coemgin of Glenn-da-locha. St. 
Kevin of Glendalough. The Chron. 
Scot., and the Martyr of Donegal (at 
June 3), give his age as 120 years. 
This and the remaining entries for 



1 Of the most religious. 

Y\ mi, A. Sesibutus was King of the 
West Goths in Spain, A.D. 612-620. 

2 Eiluidn. 6itiuim, in B., which 
O'Conor inaccurately prints Eili unn, 
and he then translates the entry 
" Disceptatio in Eili hoc anno in Die 
Pasche," which is worse. The place 
alluded to was not any of the territo- 
ries called Bile. Elphin, in the co. 
Roscommon, may possibly have been 
intended. 

* Colggu. The killing of this per- 
son, whose name is written Colggen 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



91 



reign of Heraclius, and the fourth of the most religious 1 
prince Sesibutus. From the beginning of the World to 
the present year, that is the fifth, of Heraclius, there are 
5814 years. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 29.) A.D. 617. The conflict in 
Eiluuin 8 on Easter Day. The killing of Colggu, 8 son of 
Suibne ; and the death of Fiachra, son of Conall ; and 
the killing of Fergus, son of Colman Mor, by Anfartach 
Ua Mescain, 4 of Muintir-Blatini. 

If to me, to my house, should come 

Mescaii's descendant, Anfartach, 

Poisonous water I would give him, 

Because of the slaying of Fergus. 

When bands of the Cinel-Colman 
Shall go past Cuilne, 
They will question, therefor, 
The Sil-Mescain in Blatini. 8 

Coemgin of Glenn-da-locha, 6 and Bishop Comghall, 7 and 
Bishop Eogan, of Rath-sithe, 8 rested. The devastation 
of Macha ; 9 and an earthquake in Gallia. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 10.) A.D. 618. Liber, 10 abbot 
of Achad-bo-Cainnigh [rested]. The death of Sillan, 
abbot of Magh-bile. The death of Aedh Bennain, 11 and 
of Fingin son of Fiachra. 

this year, added in the margin in A., 
are partly illegible. The text is 
therefore taken from MS. B. See 
under the year 621. 

7 ComghalL In Clar. 49, Comghall 
is called Bishop of Daire (Derry). 
But this must be an error. 

8 Rath-sithe. Now Rashee, bar. of 
Upper Antrim, co. Antrim. O'Conor, 
in his ed. of these Annals, prints this 
entry very inaccurately, and trans- 
lates " Comgall Episcopus et Episco- 
pus Eogan Ecclesisa Sancti collis 
spiritum, seu lemunim, quieverunt in 
Raedmacka." He seems to have taken 



the uroTxaet) moca ("devastation of 
Macha ") of the following entry for 
the name of a place. See Reeves' 
Eccl. Antiqq., p. 68, note p. 

9 Devastation of Macha. itTOfUie^ 
meteor. See last note. Possibly 
Macha may be for Ard-Macha 
(Armagh). 

10 Liber. Printed " Libren," with 
characteristic inaccuracy, by O'Conor. 

11 Aedh Bennain. King of West 
Mnnster. His death is entered in 
Ann. Four Mast., under the year 614, 
as is also that of Fingin son of Fiachra. 



[617.] 



[618.] 



% 



6r.fr. 



92 



CCMNCClCC tllCCtrtl. 



Fol. 226J. let. lanain.. (3 p., I. 21.) CCnno -oomini 7>c. x. ix. 

Occipio (.1. ivnmaif; plecht; 1 cn.ich Gouache) eneju 

baeeain .1. CCileatta mic baeeain, j TYlaele-oum mic 

Pencil pa mic baecam, j moyip piacp,ac mic Cianxxm 

pitn CCmmeiiec mic Seeni. 

let. lanaifi. (5 p., t. 2.) CCnno T>omim T)C. xx. 
enac ^a|iB abbap Cluana pefica mofiieup. lu^uLaeio 
CCen^Ufa mic Cotmam magni .1. ftepp nepoeum "Heilt. 
"Duncae mac eugam, "Necean mac Canonn, j CCe-o 
obiejiunt:. 

let. lanain.. (6 p., I. 13.) CCnno -oomini -DC. xx. 1. 
beltum Cm-D -Deil^-DDen. Conall mac 8uibne mceop. 
T)uo pitn Libn.am mic Ittan-oon mic Cepbaitl 
Conam^ mac CCeT>ain 
Gonna mofta mogalna, 



12fti ctiftac 'ptefc -pann 



TTlop.f TTlailembtiaco mic Rimeto mic Cotmam pitn 
7 CCilelto mic Celtai^. bellum Im-oaip. 
Coempn ^tmne T>a loca. betlum Cenbuigi in 
quo ceciDir; Colman mac Cob^ai|. lusulaao Cdletlo 
mic Cellaig. TTlo|if Col^en mic Ceatlaig. 

let. 1anai]i. (7 p., I. 24.) CCnno T>ommi T>C. xx. n. 
abbanp 1ae. Cfuiep mic tapfie abba- 



1 Mwjk- slecht. The ancient name 
of a plain in the present bar. of Tully- 
haw, co. Cavan. This clause is added 
by way of gloss in A., over the word 
bccipp. 

2 Ui-NelU. The southern Ui-Neill. 
In the list of the Kings of Uisnech, 
contained in the Book oj Leinster (p. 
42, col. 1), Aengus is stated to have 
reigned 7 years, and to have been 
slain by one Domnall son of Mur- 
[chadh.] 

3 Eugan. Apparently the Eugan 
(or Euganan), son of Gabran (King 



of Dalriada), whose death is entered 
at the year 594 supra. 

4 Nechtan A Pictish king. 

6 Conainy son of Aedhan, i.e., son 
of Aedhan Mac Gabhrain, King of 
Alba, whose death is entered above 
at the year 605. The verses that 
follow, referring to the drowning of 
Conaing, and which are not in B., are 
so corrupt that they could scarcely 
be set right without the expenditure 
of more time and trouble than the 
subject is worth. They are much 
more correctly given in the Chron.. 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



93 



Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 21.) A.D. 619. The murder (in [619.1 
Magh-slecht, 1 in the territory of Connaught) of the 
family of Baetan, viz., of Ailill, jspn of Baetan, ancLof 
Maclduin, son of Fnrgus, son of Baetan ; and the death 
of Fiachra, son of Ciaran, son of Ainmire, son of Setna. * 

Kal. Jan. (Thursd., m. 2.) A.D. 620. Senach Garbh [620.] 
abbot of Cluain-ferta, dies. The killing of Aengus, son 
of Colman Mor, i.e., King of the Ui-Neill. 2 Duncath son 
of Eugan, 8 Nechtan* son of Canonn, and Aedh, died. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 13.) A.D. 621. The battle of [621.] 
Cemi-delgden. Conall, son of Suibne, was victor. Two 
sons of Libran, son of Illandan, son of Cerbhall, were 
slain. Conaing, son of Aedhan, 5 was drowned : 

Great bright sea waves, 

[And] the sun, that killed him, 

At his weak wicker skiff, 

Arrayed themselves against Conaing. 

The death of Maelbracha, son of Rlmidh, son of Colman, 
son of Cobthach, and of Ailill, son of Cellach. Battle 
of Lindair. 8 The rest of Coemgin, 7 of Glenn-da-locha. 
Battle of Cenbuigh, 8 in which Colman, son of Cobthach, 
was slain. Murder of Ailill, son of Cellach. Death of 
Colggu, son of Cellach. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat. m. 24.) A.D. 622. The death of C<522.] 
Fergna, 9 abbot of la. The rest of Mac Laisre, 10 abbot of 



Scot., under the year 622. Skene 
has published them as they appear in 
Ttgernach, with a translation ; and 
both text and translation are very 
inaccurate. (Chron. Picls and Scots, 
p. 69.) 

8 Lindair. Not. identified. 

7 Rest of Coemgin. A marginal 
note in a/, man. in A. adds " secun- 
dum alios." St. Kevin's death is 
entered before under the year 617. 

Battle of Cenbiuffh. The Four 
Mast., who record this battle under 
the year 617, write the name of the 



place Ccnn-g-ubha (or Cenn luyhbha), 
which O'Donovan identifies with- 
Cainbo, in the co. Koscommon. 

9 Fergna. Or, as he is sometimes 
called Fergna Brit, fourth Abbot of 
la. See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 372. 

10 J/tfc Laisre. Some old annotator 
wrote the alias name of MacLaisre in 
the margin in A. ; but only the letters 
epp ... .1. T>abcc . . (Bishop .i. 
Daba. . . .) can be read. Ware com- 
plains that his " proper name is no 
where mentioned.'' (Harris's Ware, 
Vol. i., p 39.) 



/' 



ulcroti. 



.b. 



ctf CCfvo macae, 7 Umei abbanf neip.. 
Rao guali la Piacna mac 

Re-gab cene Raic n- 

TxxifciT> biucatxxti uait>i, 

1f "cian a'Ofian'oaT; mT> tulc 

'Geni'o ifificdt CCet>a btntc. 

fat. lanain.. (1 p., 1. 5.) CCnno -comim T)c. ocx. 111. 
nflopif Ron am mic Colrnam, 7 Cotman -pceltaen obnr, 
7 lUsulaciOTioiinmic CCeTo CCl'D'oain. Mantii^air 1 CC"Doni- 
nani abb an r 1ae. 

]ct. lanaip. (3 -p., 1. 16.) CCnno T>ornim T>C. xx. 1111. 
CCnnup cenebyxofUf. CCe'Dan mac Cumufcaig, 7 Cotman 
mac Com^etlain cm "Dommum migiianT;, 7 Ron an mac 
, fiex na n-CCifirefi, 7 THon^an mac piac[n]ae 



Lcmn Ctuana 

CCiiin.a ceqaajx 

Co|xmac [caerii] p|\i imocait> 

Ocuf iltann mac piacach. 

1M T)iaf aile 

pofgniac tnoft vi ruachaib, 
TTI origan mac piacnai LuTigan, 
Ocuf Honan mac "Cuatail. 
THae-DOicc peapna quieuic. 
Foi. 23aa ]ct. lanaifi. (4 p., I. 27.) CCnno 7>ommi T>C.XX.U. 



1 Rath-Guali. These lines, which 
are not in B., are written on the top 
marg. of fol. 221 in A. 

"*Ronan King of Leinster. In 

the Book of Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), 
Ronan son of Colman, King of L., is 
stated to have died de rith fola, " of 
the bloody flux." 

3 Colman SteUain. Abbot of 
Terryglass, co. Tipperary. 

4 Aedh Aldan. The same as Aedh 



Uaridnach, King of Tara, whose death 
is recorded at the year 611, supra. 

5 la. I-Columcille. Not in B. 

6 Colman, son of ComgeUan Clar. 
49 has ' Comgellau mac Colmain,' 
which is an error. Regarding Colman , 
son of Comgellan, see Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 92, note c. 

1 Mongan, son of Flachna Lurgan. 
In the List of Kings of Dal-Araide 
contained in the Boole of Leinster (p. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



95 



Armagh, and of Vineus, abbot of Neir. The destruction 
of Rath-Guali by Fiachna, son of Baetan. 

Fire seized Rath-Guali, 1 

Save ye a little from it. 

Vehemently the wicked have ignited 

Fire in the Rath of Aedh Bole. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 5.) A.D. G23. The death of [C23.] 
Ronan, 2 son of Colman ; and Colman Stellain 3 died ; and 
the murder of Doir, son of Aedh Aldan. 4 The birth of 
Adamnan, abbot of la. 5 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 16.) A.D. 624. A year of dark- [G24.] 
ness. Aedhan, son of Cumuscach, and Colman, son of 
Comgellan, 8 pass to the Lord ; and Ronan, son of Tuathal, 
King of the Airthera, and Mongan, son of Fiachna 
Lurgan, 7 die. 

The church of Cluain-airthir 8 to-day 

Famous the four on whom 'twas closed 

Cormac [the mild], through suffering, 

And Illann son of Fiacha. 

And the other pair, 
Whom many tribes obeyed 
Mongan, son of Fiachna Lurgan, 9 
And Ronan, son of Tuathal. 

Maedhocc 10 of Ferns rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 27.) A.D. C25. The battle of [025.] 



41, col. 5), the name of Fiacha Lurga 
(as it is there written) occurs after 
that of Aedh Dubh, whose death is 
entered under the year 587, svpra. 
Fiachna is also in the List of Kings of 
Ulad in the Book of Leinster (p. 41, 
col. 3). 

8 Clitain-airlhir. Dean Reeves 
thinks is the place now called 
Magheracloone, in the co. Monagluui. 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 373, note t. 



The Irish text of the first of the 
foregoing stanzas (neither of which 
is in B.) is written in the lower 
margin of fol. 23a in A., and the 
second in low. marg. 226, in orig. 
hand. 

9 Lurgan. Lufigdfl, A. 

10 Maedhocc. St. Mogue, as the 
name is now usually written. See 
O'Donovan's Arm. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 624, note .p. 



06 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



.b. 



betlum leidiec miT>in7>, in quo ceci-oic piacna 
Pacna mac "Oemmain uicuop epac. Obpepio boils 
luaca a nepcrcibup "MeitL. 

fat. lanaip. (5 p. l. 9.) CCnno -oornmi T>C. xx. ui. 
bellum cqnyoa Coppan-o, T)alpiarai uicropep epanr, 
m quo ceciiMT; pacna pliup -oemain. bellum Caipn 
Pefur5ai 1 Cbu, ubi paelfte plann eimm uiccop epar. 
uaipe CCi-Diie pujic Conall mac TTIael-DUiB pu^ic, 7 
ceciTMC |iex neporum TDaeni : 

Tli roficaifi 7)1 Connaccaib, 

Tlic atcumai m-o feifip,, 

ITlaet-Dum, ITlaelfuiairi, TDaetcatcaic, 

Conatt, THaet-Dub, 
tlipo quatn 

]ct. 



(G p., 1. 20.) CCvmo7>omini T>C. xx. un. 
(aliaf 28). Oeltum boil^ luara, m quo paetan pilnif 
Colmain |iex Laejen mcrop epacc. beltum bo in quo 
8uibne menu mac pacna inccofi ep.ar;, 7 "Domnatl mac 
CCeTo pu^ic. Occipo 8inbne menu mic pacna mic 
mic TnuipeaDai^ mic 6oain, p.1 Ojienn, 1 
m (.1. la Congal caec mac Scannlain). paupa 



1 Lethet-HfiJind, The Four Mast. 
(an. G22) say that the battle of 
Lethet-Midind was fought at a place 
called Drung. In the Book of 
Leinster the battle is simply called 
cat -oifunns, ''battle of Drung," 
(fol. 41, col. 3). Neither place has 
been identified. 

2 Bolg-luatha. " Sack of Ashes." 
A nickname applied to Crundmacl, 
son of Eonan, King of South Leinster 
(or Ui-Cennselaigh), as appears from 
a marginal note in the Book of Leinster, 
p. 316. He is called Crunnmael 
erbuilff, C. of the big " sack," or 
"belly," in the Ann. Four Mast., at 
C50, and '' Crunnmael Builg-luatho " 
at the year G4C infra. 



3 Ard-Corann This place is also 
mentioned as battle-ground at the 
years 4G4, 50G, and 510, supra. See 
note 3 under the year 464. According 
to the Four Mast. (G24) and Chron. 
Scot. (627), this battle of Ard-Corrann 
was gained, and Fiachna slain, by 
Conadh Cerr, king of the Scotch Dal- 
riads (and son of Eochaid Buidhe, son of 
Aedhan, sin of Gabhran). The death 
of Conad Cerr is entered under the 
year 628 infra. 

4 Carn-Feradhaiyh in Cliu. Cliu 
(or Cliu Mail mic Ugaini, i.e., CJiu 
of Mai son of Ugaini) was the d 
Irish name of a territory in the S.E. 
of the present co. Limerick. Cam 
Feradhaigh, " Feradach's Cairn," is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



97 



[626.] 



Lethet-Midind, 1 in which fell Fiachna Lurgan. Fiachna 
son of Deman was victor. The besiegement of Bolg- 
luatha 2 by the Ui-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 9.) A.D. G26. The battle of 
Ard-Corann. 8 The Dalriata were victors ; in which fell 
Fiachna son of Deman. The battle of Carn-Feradhaigh 
in Cliu, 4 in which Failbhe Flann of Feimin was victor. 
Guaire Aidhne fled. Conall, son of Maeldubh, fled ; and 
the King of Ui-Maini was slain. 

There fell 5 of the Connaughtmen, 

At Ath-cuma-ind-seisir, 6 

Maelduin, Maelruain, Maelcalcaigh, 

Conall, Maeldubh, Maelbresail. 

The vision which Fursa, 7 the devout bishop, saw. 

KaL Jan. (Frid., m. 20.) A.T). G27 (alias 28). 8 The [6S7.] BIS. 
battle of Bolg-luatha, 9 in which Faelan, 10 son of Col man, 
King of Leinster, was victor. The battle of Both, 11 in 
which Suibne Menn, son of Fiachna, was victor, and 
Domnall, son of Aedh, fled. The killing of Suibne Menn, 
son of Fiachna (son 12 of Feradach, son of Muiredach, son 



supposed by O'Donovan to be the 
old name of Seefin, a hill in the bar. 
of Coshlea, in that county. Four 
Mast., A.M. 365G, note y. 

s There fell. Mi cojxcccijx (" there 
fell not "), A., which seems a mistake 
for tli cofXCdifV. The Four Mast. 
have T>O fiocccifi, which is better. 

6 Ath-cuma-ind-seisir. The "ford 
of the slaughter of the Six." Not 
identified. The orig. text of these 
lines (a fragment of some poem) is 
added, in orig. hand, in the lower 
marg. of fol. 23a, in A. It is not in 
B. The account of this battle is 
more fully given in the Ann. Four 
Mast. (622), where the names of the 
Connaughtmen slain are mentioned 
in the prose entry. The Citron. Scot. 
account (627) is somewhat confused. 



7 Fursa The death of St. Fursa 

is entered at the year 660 infra. 

8 Alias 28 Added in very old 
hand in A. Not in 8. 

* Bolg-luatha. See above under 
the year 625, and under 646 infra. 

10 Faelan. In the list of the Kings 
of Leinster in the Bk. of Leinst. 
(p. 39, col. 2), Faelan, who is stated 
to have reigned 30 years, is called 
oatcct Caerngm, or St. Kevin's 
"foster-son," he having been educated 
by that Saint. 

11 Both. Pronounced Boh. Not 
identified. 

12 Son. The original of the par- 
enthetic clause, interlined in B., is 
added in an old hand in the margin 
in A. 



98 



CCNNOtCC 



Fol. 



Columbam piln baipT>7>aeni, abbacip Ctorio. 

Curnmeni piln Colmam. "Uapcario tagen ta "Domnall. 

"Oomnall mac CCeftcc mic CCmmipeac pesnape incipis. 

let. lanaip. (1 p., 1. 1.) CCnno T)omini "DC. ococ. 11111. 
bellum pe-oa eum, m quo TTlaelcaic mac Scannail pex 
Cpuiune uicsop puic, "Dal Riaci ceci'oepunc. Conn) 
cepp pex T)al Hiasi ceci7>iT:. betlum T)uin 
in quo Congal caec -pugic 7 "Domnalt mac CCe-oo 
eyiat;, m quo cecnDic 5ifie mac pofiim>ain. tlet bellum 
Pe-bo eum ubi ceciT)e^unr; nepo^ef CCe-oain, 
Paetbae. THojif 6cT)ac bui-oe 1*051 p 
CCe-oam. ic m bbyio Cuanac mueni. tlel pic m bbpo 
'DuiB'oatece nafifia^uyi : bellum te^iiibe eci]i Ceniul mic 
Op,ca 7 Cemul pefia-oais, in quo TTlaetpi^ic ceciT>ir. 
6finaine mac piacna uicro|\ epac. 

]ct. lanain.. (2 -p., 1. 12.) CCnno "Domini 7>c. jcx. ix. 
beltum teicip,Be mi:efi genup Bujam muicem, in quo 
ceciT)iT:, 7 bellum 1DiT:ani. 'Caepp, bpem 
7 iusulat:io bpanT)UiB mic THaelecoBo. 

]ct. lanaip. (3 p., 1. 23.) CCnno -Domini T>C. ocxoc. 
bellum piln CCilli, 7 mopp CmeT>on piln 
pejip 




1 Taeii'-Breni. A., B., and Clar. 
49. O'Conor renders it " in regione 
Brefnise ! " But Taerr-Breni should 
be "Traig-Breni" (" strand of Bren"), 
as in the Four Mast., Chron. Scot., 
Book of Leinster (25a), and other 
authorities. O'Donovan identifies 
Traig-Breni (or Brena) with a strand 
on the shore of Lough Swilly, in the 
bar. of Inishowen, co. Donegal. Four 
Mast,, at 623, note n. The place is 
again referred to at the year 629. 

2 Cluain, i.e., Clonmacnoise. The 
Four Masters (at 623) write the name 
of Columban Caiman Mac Ui Bard- 
dani (" C. son of the descendant of Bar- 



dam "), and add that he was of the 
Dal-Barrdaine. 

3 Fidh-eoin " John's Wood," or 
the " Bird's Wood." Not identified. 

4 Maelcaich His death is entered 
at the year 665 infra. 

4 Conad Cerr. See note 3, p. 96, 
supra. 

6 Dun- Ceithirnn. Now known as 
the " Giant's Sconce," a cyclopean 
stone fort on the summit of a hill in 
the par. of Dunboe, co. Londonderry 

7 Rigullon [and] Fallbe. Kigullon 
was the son of Conang, son of Aedan 
Mac Gabhrain; and Failbe son of 
Eochaidh Buidhe, Conang's brother. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



99 



of Eoghan), King of Ireland, in Taerr-breni, 1 by Congal 
Caech, son of Scanlan. The rest of Columban, son of 
Barrdaeni, abbot of Cluain. 3 Murder of Cummen, son of 
Colman. The wasting of Leinster by Domnall. Domnall, 
son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, begins to reign. 

KaL Jan. (Sund., m. 1.) A.D. 628. The battle of 
Fidh-eoin, 8 in which Maelcaich, 4 son of Scannal, King 
of the Cruithni, was victor. The Dalriata were slain. 
Conad Cerr, 5 King of Dalriata, fell. The battle of Dun- 
Ceithirnn, 6 in which Congal Caech fled, and Doinnall, 
son of Aedh, was victor ; and in which fell Guaire, son 
of Forindan. Or, the battle of Fidh-eoin, 3 in which fell 
Aedan's grandsons, Bigullon [and] Failbe. 7 The death of 
Eochaidh Buidhe, King of the Picts, the son of Aedan. 
So I find in the Book of Cuanu. Or thus 8 it is related 
in the Book of Dubhdalethe : the battle of Lethirbhe, 9 
between the Cenel-mic-Erca and the Cenel-Feradaiglu in 
which Maelfi thrich fell. Ernaine,son of Fiachna, was victor. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 12.) A.D. 629. The battle of 



-between the Cinel-Eoghain themselves, in 
which Maeltithrich jell ; and the batfle of Mitan. Taerr- 
breni 10 is burned ; and the killing of Brandubh, son of 
Maelcobha. 

KaL Jan. (Tues., m. 23.) A.D. 630. The battle of 
the son of Alii, 11 and the death of Cined, 12 son of Lugtren, 
King of the Picts. 



[628.] 



[629.] 



[cso.] 



Aedan's death la entered at the year 
605 tupra, and Conang's at 621. 
O'Conor prints the names of Kigullon 
and Failbe re guillon Faelbe, and trans- 
lates " a servo Falbi !" 

8 Or thus. The orig. of this entry^ 
which is in the text in B. (at 628), is 
added in the margin in A. Clar. 49 
has no notice of it. 

9 Lethirbhe. This place has not 
been identified. 



10 Taerr-breni. See this place re- 
ferred to at 627, and note there. 

11 Son of AlK. Eadwin, son of 
./Ella, King of Northumbria, who was 
slain in A.D. 633, according to the 
Anglo-Sax. Chron. 

12 Cined (genit Ctnedon). The 
" Cinioth filius Lutrin " of the Pictish 
Chronicle. See Skene's Chron, Pictt 
and Scott, p. 7, et passim. 

H2 



100 



ccMticclcc ulcroti. 



.b. ]ct. lanaip,. (4 p., I. 4 a .) CCnno 'oomini T>C. ocxx. 1. 
bettum Caloen pegip bn.iconum 7 CCnppic. Com- 
bufT:io benncoip, moen. in bpicanma, 7 lUguUrcio 
Ronain mic baerain. bellum ao aublo m quo 
ceci-oir; Them II mac pen^upa rmle la TTHimain. 
Inpola TYle-osoei; pun-oa^a epr. Hlon, muman m^ean 
CCe'ba beannain mopxua epc. 

"(ct. lanaip.. (6 p., t. 15.) CCnno T)omim T>C. ccocac. n. 
betlum lu-onip l^epf bpiconum. bellum CCco goan 
1 n-ia^aii Lip, m quo ceciTHT; C^emrann mac CCe-oo 
piln Senaic fil La^eno|ium. 

]ct. lanaifi. (7 p., t. 26.) CCnno -Domini -DC." xxx. 111. 
lu^ulano 7)uoiium pibopum CCef>a plane la Con all 
mac Suibne ecc loc "Chpeirm ap, Ppemuin .1. Congal 
pi bpeg, 7 CCibll cfUiiT>ine penacaip pi I "Dluraig. 

]ct. 1anaip~ (1 p., I. 7 a .) CCnno T>ommi T)c. xxx. 1111. 
Occipio Conaill mic 8uil5ne 1 ci mic "Mappaic la 
T)iaifimaiT: mac CCe-oa plane, bellum Guile coelaen pe 
n-T)iapmaiomac CCe-oa plane, m quoceciT)ir; TDaelumai 
mac Oenguppa. CCecclepia Recpann pun-Daca epc. "Mix 
magna OCCTDIC muluop m campo bpe. Cfuiep pnt;ain 



1 Catldoen. Cadwalla. Regarding 
tliis king, see Reeves' A damnan (notes 
at pp. 13, H, 16, 34). 

*Anfnth Eanfrith, son of ^Ethel- 
frith, King of Bernicia. Slain by 
Cadwalla, King of the Britons (in the 
year 634:, according to Flor. of Wor- 
cester). 

3 Ath-abla" Ford of the Apple- 
tree." Not identified. 

4 Fergus Tuile. O'Conor, in his ed. 
of these Annals, separates the epithet 
Tuile (which signifies a " flood ") from 
the proper name Fergus, and prints 
Tuile la mumain, which he translates 
" Inundationes in Momonia !" 

* Inis-Medgoeth. Fame, or Lindis- 
farne (Holy Island), off the coast of 
Northumberland. For evidence as to 



which of these islands is meant, see 
Beeves' Adamnan, p. 374, note r. The 
Four Mast, have the entry at the 
year 627 ; but the correct date is 635. 

* Mor-Mumhan. TTlop, Ttiugan, 
A. TTIon,ptn5cm,B. Mor-Mumhan 
("Mor of Munster") was wife to 
Finghin, King of Munster, ancestor 
of the O'Sullivans. She is described 
as the paragon of the Irishwomen of 
her time, in several old authorities. 
A very curious account of her life 
and adventures is contained in the 
Boole ofLeinster, p. 274, gq. 

7 Ath-goan in larthar Lift. Ath- 
goan has not been identified. larthar- 
Lifi, or " West of Liffey," was a 
name for that part of the co. Kildare 
lying along theriver Liffey on the west 



I 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



101 



Kal. Jan. (Wed., ra. 4.) A.D. G31. The battle of [631.] * 
Cathloen, 1 King of the Britons, and of Anfrith. 8 The 
burning of Great Bangor, in Britain ; and the killing of 
Ronan, son of Baetan. The battle of Ath-abla, 8 in which 
Dichuill, son of Fergus Tuile, 4 was slain by Munstermen. 
Inis-Medgoeth 5 was founded. Mor-Mumhan, 8 daughter 
of Aedh Bennan, died. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 15.) A.D. 632. The battle of [C32.J 
ludris, King of the Britons. The battle of Ath-goan in 
larthar-Lifi, 7 in which fell Crimthann, 8 son of Aedh, son 9 
of Senach, King of the Leinstermen.A 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 26.) A.D. 633. The murder of [633.] 
two sons of Aedh Slane, by Conall son of Suibhne, at 
Loch-Treithni on Fremhuin, 10 viz. : Congal, King of the 
Brega, and Ailill Cruitire," ancestor of Sil-Dluthaigh. 

KaLJan. (Sund.,m.7.) A.D. 634. Murder of Conall son [C34.J 
of Suibhne, in the house of the son of Nafraech,byDiarmait 
son of Aedh Slane. The battle of Cuil-Caelain by Diar- 
mait, son of Aedh Slane, in which fell Maeluraai son of 
Oengus. 12 The church of Rechra 13 was founded. A great 
snow killed many in Magh-Bregh. The repose of Fintan 14 



8 Crimthann. In the list of the 
Kings of Leinster contained in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), he is 
called " Crimthand Cualand " (" C. of 
Cualand"), and the duration of his 
reign set down as 28 years. The 
death of his predecessor, Ronan son 
of Colman, is given by the Four 
Mast, at 610, and in Citron. Scot. 
under 615. 

' Son. ptj (piliup) for pitn, 
A.,B. 

10 Loch-Treithni on Fremhuin. 
Loch-Treithni (now called Lough- 
Drin, a little to the east of the town of 
Mullingar, co. Westmeath,) is not on 
the hill of Fromhuin (or Frewin), but 
r about a mile and a half to the east of it. 



11 Ailill Citire, i.e., "Ailill the 
Harper." 

12 Oengus. This was Aengus (or 
Oengus), son of Colman Mdr, whose 
"Jugulatio" is entered at the year 
G20 supra. 

13 Rechra (gen. Rechrann). Lam- 
bay Island, a few miles to the north 
of Howth, co. Dublin. See Reeves' 
Adumnan, p. 164, note b. 

14 Fintan ton of Telchan. Other, 
wise called Minimi, or Mundu. He 
was the founder of the monastery of 
Tech-Munna, now Taghmon, in the 
county of Wexford. In the Felire of 
Aengvt, at his festival (21 October), 
his father, Tulchan (or Telchan), is 
stated to have been a Druid. 



102 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



mic 'Gelcam, 7 6n.nami mic Cnepeni. 1T)on.p 
mic POI. ectn-o Lipp moin. obns. bellum Seguppe ' 
m quo ceci7>en.unc Locene mac "Mec^am cennpocai, 7 
Cumupcac rnac CCenguppo, 7 ^a^navch mac [p]oich. 

> Jet. lanaip.. (2 -p., 1. 18.) CCnno -Domini T>C. ococx. u. 
lugulacio Gn.nani mic pacae qui tncit; TTlaelpi'Gn.ic 
pibum CCefto aUooam, abap uaitii-Dnais, 111 bello 
Leii|ibe, 7 epu^aao Cap^aig T>\ Haiuiun m T)iebup 
pafca. 

23ba. fct. 1cmoi|i. (4 p., I. 29.) CCtino T>ommi T>C. ocxx. ui. 
bellum Roc 7 beltum Sailcifie m una "Die pacca 
punt;. Conall coel mac TTlaelecobo, pociup T)omnailt, 
uicropc ep^ar; r>e genepe Gu again m bello Saelcipe, 7 
mon.p "Paeltje plain n peimm p^egip THuman. TTIuch- 
aucu Ucrcm paupau. 

let. lanaip. (5 p., I. 10.) CCnno T>omini -oc. ccocx. 
1111. bellum ^Imne TTlu|iepon 7 obpepio Gem. Cponan 
mac 11 Lo65T>ae abbap Cluana mic U Woip obnc. 
]cb lanaip.. (6 p., I. 21.) CCnno -Domini TC. ccacx. 



' 



1 Ernaine. Otherwise called Mer- 
nocc (=Mo-Ernocc). According to 
the Felire of Aengus (18th Aug.), he 
was the founder of the churches of 
Rathnew (co. Wicklow), and Kil- 
dreenagh) co. Carlow. 

2 Gartnan son of Foith. The"Gar- 
nard filius Wid" of the Chron. 
Pictorum. See note ' infra. 

3 Lis-mor. TheLismorein Scotland 
is here referred to; not Lismore, co. 
Waterford. 

4 Seguis. See under the year 501 
supra, note 5 . 

5 ' Cennfota,: " Long-head." 

6 Gartnaith son of Foith. This is 
also in B., and in Clar. 49. But it 
is probably only a repetition of the 
record of the death of Gartnan son 
of Foith, just given (see note 2 ), 



as it is not found in Tigernach, nor 
in the Chron. Scot. 

7 Vanquished. See under the year 
629. 

8 Flight. epugacio, A. eppu- 
50x10, B. *0o lonnaYibcroh (" was 
banished "), Four Mast. (631.) 

9 Carthach. Otherwise called 
Mochuta. See note H infra. 

10 Raithin. Rahan, in the bar. of 
Ballycowan, King's co. 

11 Battle of Roth Adamnan writes 
the name Roth (Vit. Columb. iii., 6). 
Better known as the "battle of Magh- 
rath." The place where this famous 
battle was fought is now known as 
Moira, a village in a parish of the 
same name, bar. of Lower Iveagh, co. 
Down. A romantic, but valuable, 
account of the battle has been edited 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



103 



son of Telchan, and of Ernaine 1 son of Cresen. The death 
of Gartnan son of Foith. 2 Eochaidh of Lis-mor 8 died. The 
battle of Seguis, 4 in which fell Lochene son of Nechtan 
' Cennfota,' 5 and Cumuscach son of Aengus,and Gartnaith 
son of Foith. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 18.) A.D. 635. The killing of [635.] BIS. 
Ernaine son of Fiacha, who vanquished 7 Maelfithrich son 
of Asdh A]dan (alias Uairidnach), in the battle of Leth- 
irbhe; and the flight 8 of Carthach 9 from [Raithin, 10 at 
Easter-tide. 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 29.) A.D. 636. The battle of [636.] 
Roth, 11 and the battle of Saeltire, were fought on the 
same day ; Conall Gael, son of Maelcoba, colleague 12 of 
Domnall, of the Cinel-Eogain, was victor in the battle of 
Saeltire; and the death of Failbhe Flann of Femhin, 18 
King of Munster. Mochuta 14 of Raithin rests. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 10.) A.D. 637. The battle of [637.] 
Glenn-Mureson 15 and the siege of Etin. 15 Cronan Mac IT 
Loeghde, abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 21.) A.D. 638. The killing of [688.] 



by O'Donovan, from the Yellono Book 
of Lecan, for the Irish Archseol. Soc. 
(Dublin, 1842.) See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 200, note n. 

12 Colleagne, pociuf. Conall Gael 
("Conall the Slender") was not the 
colleague of Ring Domhnall son of 
Aedh in the sovereignty, but of his 
own brother Cellach. See under the 
year 642 infra. 

13 Failbhe Flann of Femhin. For 
the situation of Femhin, see p. 64, 
note '. Failbhe Flann was the an- 
cestor of the powerful Munster sept 
of the MacCarthys. 

14 Mochuta. TT1 uchaucu, A. Cor- 
rected to TTlocuca in the margin. 
After his " effugatio " from Rahan 
(see notes 9 , "), St. Mochuta, or 



Carthach, founded a religious estab- 
lishment at Lismore, co. Waterford, 
which subsequently became a bishop's 
see, and was united to that of Water- 
ford, A.D. 1363. Lanigan gives a 
very interesting account of St. Mo- 
chuta. Eccl Hist, of Ireland, vol. 2, 
pp. 350-6. 

15 Glenn-Mureson Etin. Dean 
Reeves thinks Glenn-Mureson was 
the name of " a tract in the debate- 
able ground of West Lothian," and 
that by Etin was not meant Edin- 
burgh, as some suppose, but " Caii-- 

Eden now 

Carriden, a parish on the Forth, in 
Linlithgowshire." Adamnan, p. 202, 
note. 



104 



uloroti. 



um. lu^ulcrcio Congcnle mic "Duncha-oa. Obirup 
"Oumpicae uacofuy "Oomnaill. bellum OpubalTN fiepp 
Saxonum. Cfuiep Cn.iT>aen 1 No6nT>ntnm 7 CCeTxx 7>uiB 
abbai-o CiUe T>an.o, epipcopofium. "Oolaipp mac Cui- 
ni-oe abbap LeiT^lmne paupauiu. TTlon.p CCilella mic 
CCe-oo ftoen. Opaclap cum masfie pua TYlapxina anmp 
.11. fie^naun:. 

.b. let. lanaip.. (7 p., I. 2.) CCnno T>ommi T>C. xxx. ix. 
bellum Caqucc cinncon. Oenguf liac-oana uiccoyi 
ejiap. . TQjigt;DUjn mac CCeTa bennain pugic. 

|ct. lanaifi. (2 p., 1. 13.) CCnno 7>ormni 7)c. ccl. 

icfie5if Ofiient:alium. 
"Oomnall mac CCeT)a 

1 n-T)fiuimm ndo. Mauppagium fcaphae parrnliae 1ae. 
Obfepo Uichae. Combufcio TTIaele-puin m mfola 
Cami. lugula^to "niaeleipuin mic pen.^Ufa 7 TDaele- 
Tunii mic CottriaiTv. 

"jcb 1anai|i. (3 p., I. 24.) CCnno -nornim -oc. act. i. 
tnoyif "Domnaill mic CCe'oo tiegiy; Tlibeyinie m pine 
lanuap.1. popcea T)omnall b|iecc m bello 
Caifium m pme anni m T)ecembp,i mi:e|ipecT:up 
ab tloan fie^e b|iiT:onum ; anmp .xu. ^e^nauii:. 1ugu- 




1 Drnnnall. Domnall son of Aedh, 
King of Ireland. 

2 Saxons. Oswald was King of 
the Northumbrians. He was slain 
by Penda, King of the ' Southum- 
brians,' in the year 642, according to 
the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 

3 Nendruim. Otherwise " Naen- 
druim." Nendram, or Mahee Island, 
in Strangford Lough. 

4 Aedh Dubh." Black Aedh." 
Originally King of Leinster, which 
position he is stated to have resigned 
in the year 591, afterwards becoming 
abbot of Kildare. His name occurs 
under the form " Aed Cerr " in the 



List of Kings of Leinster contained in 
the Book of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2. 

5 Dolaissi, son of Culnid, TTlac 
Cuimtxxe, A. Dolaissi is a variation 
of Molaissi, and Laisren, by either of 
which names the Saint is better 
known. His festival in the Calendar 
is 18 April. In the Book of Leinster, 
(p. 349, col. 4), and in other old 
authorities, the father of St. Molaissi 
is called Cairill. 

6 Heraclas. eifiaclaf , A., B. 
Apparently Heracleonas, son of the 
Emperor Heraclius. (See under 616 ) 

7 CatJiair-Cinncon. O'Donovau 
says that this was the name of a stone 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



105 



[640.] 



Congal, son of Dunchad. The death of Duinsech, wife of 
Domnall. 1 The battle of Oswald, King of the Saxons. 3 
The repose of Cridan in Nendruim, 8 and of Aedh Dubh,* 
abbot of Cill-dara, bishops. Dolaissi, son of Cuinid, 5 
abbot of Leithglinn, rested. Death of Ailill, son of Aedh 
Roen. Heraclas, 6 with his mother Martina, reigned two 
years. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 2.) A.D. 639. The battle of [639.] BIS. 
Cathair-Cinncon. 7 AengusLiathdanaJwas victor. Mael- 
duin, son of Aedh Bennan, fled. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 13.) A.D. 640. Death of 
Maelodhar Caech, King of the Airthera. Death of Bruide 
son of Foith. 8 Domnall, son of Aedh, pitched his camp in 
Druim-Nao. Wreck of a boat of the family of la. 
Siege of Ritha. 9 Burning of Maelduinjin Inis-Cain. 13 
Murder of Maelduin son of Fergus, and 01 Maelduin son 
of Colman. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 24.) A.D. 641. The death of 
Domnall, son of Aedh, King of Ireland, in the end of 
January. Domnall Brecc 11 was slain afterwards, at the 
end of the year, in December, in the battle of Srath- 
Caruin 12 (by Hoan, 13 King of the Britons). He reigned 
15 years. The killing of Ailill, son of Colman, King of 



[641.] 



fort near Rockbarton, bar. of Small 
County, co. Limerick. {Four Mast., 
A.D. 636, note <.) See under the 
year 642 infra. 

8 Bruide ton of Foith The 
" Breidei nlius Wid " of the Chron. 
Pictorum. 

* Ritha. Not identified. 

10 Inis Cain. Inishkeen, co. Louth, 
according to O'Donovan (Four Mast., 
A.D. 636, note z). 

11 Domnall Brecc The llth King 
of the Scotch Dalriada, and son of 
Eochaidh Buidhe (8th King), whose 



obit is given above at the year 628. 
See under 685 infra, where the death 
of Domnall Brecc is again entered. 

12 Srath-Caruin. The " Srath " 
(=stratum), or holm, of " Carun." 
Dean Reeves thinks that this battle 
was fought in the valley of the 
Carron in Stirlingshire. Adamnan, 
p. 203, note. 

1J Uoan. Probably the Auin, the 
obit of whose son Domnall, " King of 44W- 
Ailcluaite," is recorded under 693 . 
infra. The orig. of this clause, added 
in the margin in A., is in the text in B. " 



%uJs && 

** 



106 



utoroti. 



Icrcio CCitello mic Colmam, pepp genepip Loi%aipe. 
FoL 2366. Concancinup pibup 6pacln menpibup .ui. pesnauic. 
belltim Oppu conspa bpiconep. 

fat. lanaip. (4* -p., I. 5.) CCrmo -Domini T>C. xl. 11 . 
Tftopp hllaipte pbae Suibm. Cfuiep Cponain eppcoip 
"NonTOfiomrno. bellum dnncon. topco 1apnnboiT>t5 
mic apsnai. Celtac 7 Conall c[a]el, T>a mac ITIait- 
cobamic CCet>a rntc CCinmipec, yiegnaiie mcipiuni: ur; alu 
7)icunT:. Confcancmuf pitiup Confcancini anmf .xx. 
in. tiegnatuc. hie TDtibicacup quif ^e^nauic pope 
"Dorrinalt. *0icunr; aln hifco|iia5|iaphi ifie^naffe 1111. 
fiesep .1. Cellac 7 Conatl c[a]el, 7 7>uo piln CCe-oo lane 
(mic "Diap.ma'Da rnic pefi^ufa cefifi^eoil rnic Conaill 
CtierricanTDe true "Meitl .ix. sialtaig) .1. T)iaifiniaiT; 7 
blcrcmac, pep. commixra pe^na. 

]ct. 1anmp. (5 p., 1. 16.) CCnno oommi T>C. xl. 111. 
lugutcrcio -Duopum neporum bogame .1. TTIaelbp,efait 7 
1Tlaelanpai. ^uin plamn aenai. THop-f bpepail 
mic 8ecnafaic. 

"jet. lanaip. (7 p, t. 27.) CCnno Domim -DC. xl. nn. 
TTlopp pup.u-op.ain mic becce mic Cuanac pi ua mice 
Uaip. tocem mac Pinpn pi Cpui^ne obnu. 

]ct. lanaip. (1 p., 1. 8, atiap 9.) CCnno -oomini 7>c. 
xl. u. ^um Bcannail mic becce mic piacpac pegip 
Cpuicne. THac tappe abb benncaip 



Constantine. The word itnpe- 
is added in the margin in A. 

2 Against. MS. A. has the ab- 
breviation for " contra," MS. B. that 
for " inter." 

3 Britons. Probably the Britons 
of Strathclyde. This battle is not 
noticed in the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 

* Uaiskj daughter of Suibkne. 
The Four Mast. (642), and the 
Chron. Scot. (641), state that she 
was queen of Faelan, King of Leinster, 



whose obit is given by the F. M. at 
the year 665. 

5 Battle of Cenn-con. Apparently 
an inaccurate repetition of the entry 
under the year 639, where the name 
is more correctly written "Cathair- 
Cinncon." 

6 Gartnat. Evidently the " Gart- 
nan son of Foith," referred to under 
the year 634 supra. O'Conor has 
strangely misunderstood this entry, 
which he prints wrongly, and renders 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



107 



Cinel-Loeghaire. Constantino, 1 son of Heraclius, reigned 
six months. The battle of Ossa [Oswy] against 8 the 
Britons. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Wed., m. 5.) A.D. 642. Death of Uaisle, 
daughter of Suibhne. 4 The repose of Cronan, bishop of 
Nendruini. The battle of Cenn-con. 8 The burning of 
larnbodb, son of Gartnat. 6 CeJlach and Conall Gael (i.e., 
two sons 7 of Maelcoba, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire), 
begin to reign, as others say. Constantino, son of Con- 
stantine, reigned twenty-eight years. Here it is doubted 
who reigned after Domhnall. Other historiographers 
say that four kings reigned, viz., Cellach and Conall Gael, 
and the two sons of Aedh Slane (son of Diarraait, 8 son of 
Fergus Cerrbheoil, son of Conall Cremthainn, son of 
Niall Nine-hostager), viz. : Diarmait and Blathmac, in 
joint sovereignty. 

KaL Jan. (Thurs., m. 16.) A.D. 643. Murder of two 

grandsons of Boghaine, viz. : Maelbresail and Maelan- 

faith. The killing of Flann Aenaigh. The death^of 

Bresal, son of Sechnasach. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat., m. 27.) A.D. 644. Death of Furu- 

dran, son of Becc, 9 son of Cuanu, King of Ui-Mic-Uais. 

Locheni, son of Fingin, King of the Cruithni, 10 died. 
KaL Jan. (Sund., m. 8, alias 9.) A.D. 645. The 

wounding of Scannal, son of Becc, son of Fiachra, King 

of the Cruithni. 10 Mac Lasre, abbot of Bangor, rested. 



[642.] 



[643.] 



[644.] 



[645.] 



by " Comburitur postea propter boves 
filii Garthnat ! " 

7 Sons. The orig. of this clause, 
added in al. man. in the margin in 
A., is not in B., nor in Clar. 49. 

Son of Diarmait. The orig. of 
this clause, which also is neither in 
B. nor in Clar. 49, is interlined in 
A. 

9 Becc. This person was slain in 
the battle of Dun-bolg, along with 



King Aedh, son of Ainmire. See 
above, at the year 697. 

10 Cruithni. These were the 
Cruithni (or Picts) of Ireland. Skene 
thought the Picts of Scotland were 
meant, as he has included these two 
entries in the extracts regarding 
Scotch events, taken by him from 
these Annals. Chron. Picts and Scott, 
(p. 348). See Reeves A damnan, p. 94, 
note h, and Todd's Irish Nennius, 
Add. Notes, p. xlvii. 



108 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOh. 



CCnno T>ommi 



epc, 
bellum 



T)omini 
| Con- 
7 



Cocac 



Jet. 1anai)a. (2 p., 1. 19, abap 20.) 
T>C. acl. ui. TYlaelcoBo mac pacna 
V pex tllo. T)unca aue Ronam lugulacup. 

Col^an mic Cfiunnmael builds luao p.i huae Ceinn- 
pelaig. 

b- ]ct. lanaifi. (3 p., t. 3t), aliap 1.) CCnno -nornim 7>c. 
xl. un. pun.pu cnxxitroec obnc. 

]Ct. 1anaip*. (5 p., I. 11, aliap 12.) CCnno 
Tic. net. 11111. uin Ra^attais mic htlar;ac | 
Fol. 24a. nachr. beltum Caijinn Conaill ubi ump.e 
T)ia|imaiT: inccoyi efiai:, mac CCe-oo flame. 
Oen^upa bponbaclae t^e^if Cemuil Coijapfii. 
huae n-CCeT>am 7 ^afiT:naic mic CCcciDam. 
pufifi m ban.p.una. 

|ct. 1anai|i. (6 p., t. 22, aliap 23.) CCnno 
DC. xl. ix. bellum OffU p|ii pant:e. bellum 
C^aum^am m quo ceci-oit: Oen^uf mac "Oomnaill. 
pin TTlaelcoBa uiccojaep enanr; .1. Ceallac 7 Conall 
c[a]el. TTlofif Cacufai mic *Oomnaill bpicc. TTIopp 
Cfionam maigi bile, hoc anno bei>a nacup epc. 

Jet. lanain.. (7 p., 1. 3, aliap 4.) CCnno 7>ommi T>C. 
L Cfuiep CCe-oam epifcopi Saaconum 7 lugulacio 
ouo[ium pliojaum blaimicc mic CCe-oo plane .1. *Oun- 
cha-o 7 Conall. 



-comim 



1 Crunnmael Bolg-luatha. Men- 
tioned by his epithet " Bolg-luutha " 
under 625 and 627 supra, where see 
notes. The death of a " Crunnmael 
Erbuilg" King of the Leinstermen, is 
entered infra, at the year 655, who 
seems to be the same person, Erbuilg 
(of the "big sack " or " belly") being 
probably a variation of the epithet 
Bolg-luatha. 

2 Fursa Repeated under the next 
year. 

3 Guaire. Guaire Aidhne, King of 



Connaught, whose obit is given by 
the Four Mast. , and also infra, at A.D. 
662. On the lower margin of MS. A., 
fol. 236, four stanzas in Irish are 
written (which are not in B.), without 
any sign to indicate where they should 
be introduced into the text, if they 
were intended to be so introduced. The 
three first are ascribed to Cumeni, and 
the fourth to Guaire. But as they are 
somewhat corrupt, and contain no his- 
torical fact, it has not been considered 
necessary to reproduce them here. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



109 



[C48.] 



Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 19, alias 20.) A.D. G46. Mael- [C4G.] 
cobha, son of Fiachna, King of Ulad, was slain. Dun- 
cath, descendant of Ronan, slain. The battle of Colgu, 
son of Crunnmael Bolg-luatha, 1 King of the Ui-Ceinn- 
selaigh. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 30, alias 1.) A.D. 647. Fursa 2 [647.] BIS. 
the Pious died. 

Kal. Jan, (Thurs., m. 11, alias 12.) A.D. 648. The 
killing of Raghallach, son of Uada, King of Connaught. 
The battle of Carn-Conaill, where Guaire 8 fled, and 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane, was victor. The death of 
Oengus Bron-bachal, 4 King of Cinel-Coirpri. The war of 
the descendants of Aedan, 5 and of Gartnat son of Accidan. 
The repose of Fursa 6 in Peronne. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 22, alias 23.) A.D. 649. The 
battle of Ossu [Oswiu] against Pante [Penda], The 
battle of Dun-Cremtain, in which fell Oengus son of 
Domnall. The sons of Maelcobha were victors, viz. : 
Cellach and Conall Gael. The death of Cathasach, son of 
Domnall Brecc. 7 Death of Cronan of Magh-bile. In this 
year Bede was born". 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd., m. 3, alias 4.) A.D. 650. The 
repose of Aedan, bishop of the Saxons ; and the killing 
of two sons of Bla[th]rnacc, son of Aedh Slane, viz. : 
Dunchad and Conall. 



[649.] 



[650.] 

>, 



4 Otngvt Bron-bachal. The " Oin- 
gusius cujus cognomentum Bronba- 
chal" of Adamnan (i., 13). See 
Reeves' ed., p. 41, note a. 

8 'Aedan, Aedan son of Gabran, 
King of the Scotch Dalriads, whose 
death is recorded at the year 605 
tvpra. 

B Furta. His death is entered 
under the previous year, and also at 



660 infra. The ' Vision ' of St. Fursa 
is entered above under the year 626. 

7 Domnall Brecc.- - " Domnall the 
speckled," King of Dalriada in Scot- 
land, whose death is recorded above 
at the year 641, and again, by a 
great mistake, under 685. 

9 Born This entry is added in al. 
man. in A . B . has merely n aci u icap 
be"De. See under the year 653 infra. 



110 



CCNNCClCC 

blacmac mac CCetia, in 
Rue a mac ap, 7)1511 ; 
beftait* hifu a t>a mac 
1na -oijait ap, btattnac. 



TTlaeto'Dfian cecinic. 



CC mtntmn, 

Ce fio mile moft -01 

"Mi bo comaitc ipafi fej\bainn 

[CC] fio mitt; pofi tub Ceyitiaili. 



CCn men meitef m 

"Mi cojica ache 

1f T)1 ipogtu m c|iuinn 

"Pota mm tint) TTlaeto'D|iain. 



t>- let. lanaip.. (i. p., I. 14, aliaf 15.) CCnno 

T)c. 1.? 1. Obirup Severn abacif 1ae .1. piln pacnae, 
7 quief Cd'clogo mic Camain abacif Cluana mic "Moif, 
7 Tjonmirasio TTIancheni abbaeif TTlenoDtiociT:. 1mai- 
fiicc Cule cojif e m quo cecnoic Culene mac 
TTIael'Deich 7 Oncu uiccofief eyiani:. 

let. lanaif. (3 p., I. 25, aliaf 26.) CCnno 
T>C. l. 11. (abaf 3). THofif "Pefie mic "Corotam, 7 
mic tlooic riepf picronum. lugulacio Conaill 



1 Blathmac. The original of this 
stanza is written on the lower margin 
of fol. 226 in A.; but it seems to 
belong to this place. It is not in B. 

2 0, mill. CC muitmn. These 
words should be repeated, to complete 
the linej according to a practice 
frequently followed by Irish Poets. 
In the Ann. Four Mast. (647), the 
authorship of these verses is ascribed 
to Maelodran. But in a curious 
account of the catastrophe, and the 
cause thereof, contained in the MS. 
Kawlinson, B. 502, Bodleian Lib. 



(fol. 73, b 2), the composition is 
attributed to Ultan (i.e., St. Ultan of 
Ardbrackau). In this account, three 
persons are stated to have been killed, 
viz. : Dunchad, Conall, and Maelo- 
dhar, who are represented as the sons 
of Diarmait MacCerbhaill (si. 5fi4 
supra). But this last statement must 
be an error. The event is thus re- 
ferred to in Mageoghegan's Transl. of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at the 
year 648. " The two sons of Hugh 
Slane, Donogh and Conell, were killed 
by the Lynstermen, near Mollingar, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Ill 



Blathmac, 1 son of Acdh, the King, 

Gave his sons for 

Jesus shall take his two sons 

From Blathmac, in revenge therefor. 

Maelodran sang : 

O, mill, 8 

Though much of wheat thou didst grind, 

It was not the grinding of oats 

Thou didst grind on Cerbhall's descendants. 

The stuff which the mill grinds 
Is not oats but red wheat. 
Of the saplings of the great tree 
Is the ' feed ' of Maelodrain's mill. 

The killing of Oissen son of Osirg. 8 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 14, alias 15.) A.D. 651. Death [651.] BIS. 
of Segene, abbot of la, i.e., son of Fiachna ; and the repose 
of Aedlug, son of Camaii, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois ; and 
the falling asleep of Manchen, abbot of Menadrochit. 4 The 
conflict of Cul-corra,* in which Culene, 6 son of Forindan, 
was slain. Maeldeich and Onchu were victors. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 25, alias 26.) A.D. 652 (alias 653). 
The death of Ferith son of Totholan, and of Tolarg son 
of Foith, 7 King of the Picts. The murder of Conall 



in the mill of Oran, called Mollen- 
Oran." See O'Donov. Four Mast., 
A.V. 647, note d. 

3 Gitsen son of Olslrg. Oswine, 
son of Osric, King of Deira from 647 
to 651, wheu he was slain. See 
Anglo-Sax. Ckron., and Bede's Eccl. 
Hist, III., 14. 

4 Menadrochit. Now Mondrehkl, 
parish of Offerlane, in the Queen's co. 

* Cul-corra. The " recess of the 
weir." O'Donovan states that this 
place is now known as Coolarn, near 
Galtrim, co. Meath. 



6 Culene. It is stated in the Ann. 
Four Mast. (648), and Chron. Scot. 
(649), that Culene was King of Ui- 
Failghe, or Offaly. 

7 Tolarg ton oj Foith. Foith is 
the form in which the Irish writers 
generally represent the " Wid " of the 
Pictish Chronicle, in which the name 
of Talorc (for Tolarg) appears after the 
names of " Garnard filius Wid," and 
" Breidei filius Wid," with the addition 
" f rater eorum." See Skene'a Chron. 
Plct$ and Scots, p. 7. 



112 



ulcroti. 



cait. bellum Conn ache m quo ceciT>iE fTlancan pliup 
"Comaim. 

let. lanain.. (4 p., t. 6, abap 7.) CCnno 7>ommi T>C. 
l. 111. lupiUrcio Conaill mic TTIoelocoBa .1. la 
"DiapjnuiT) mac CCe-oa plane. Colman eppcop mace U 
"Del-Quit), 7 Oppene pora, -DUO abbasep Cluano inaip.T>T>, 
obienunt;. "puchuae locpae abb j?ep,nann quieuir. 
lusuUrcio pensuppo mic "Oomnaill, 7 pensuppo mic 
X Ro^aittnig, 7 CCeDo bejop, 7 Cummem. bellum 8|iaro 
euaifir; ubi "Dtmca^ mac Conamg ceciT)ir;. [TDopp] 
CCeT>o pou\ mic TTlaelco15o. bei>a hoc atino nacup epc. 
Foi. 24ab. |ct. lanaifi. CCnno "Dormm T>C. l. 1111. "Hem mac 
Inn Oipn paupac. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini T)C. t. u. bellum 
Cumapcai mic CCilello m quo ceciT)ir. Cpunnmael 
niac Suibne uicrop. epac. bellum panue pepp 
Saxonum. Oppu uiccop epar. bellum CCnnae. TTlopp 



1 Conall Cael Joint-King of Ire- 
land. See under the next year. 

2 Marcan. It is stated by the 
Four Mast. (649), and the Chron. 
Scot. (650), that Marcan was chief of 
Ui-Maine (Hy-Many). 

3 Conall. The Conall Cael who 
shared the sovereignty of Ireland with 
his brother Cellach. Their accession 
is entered at the year 642 supra. 
The Four Masters give Conall's death 
under the year 656, the same year in 
which they have his brother Cellaclf s 
obit. See Chron. Scot., p. 92, note 6, 
and infra, iinder the year 657. 

4 By. The original of this clause 
is added by way of gloss in A. and B. 
It is not in Clar. 49. 

*Mac-Ui-Telduibh.Sonot "Ua 
Telduibh" (" descendant of Teldubh,") 
tJ in orig. texts. 



6 Ducliita Lochra.-~- Duchua (or 
Dachua) of " Luachair." Also called 
Mochua and Cronan. His festival is 
given as 22nd June in the Calendar, 
at which date the Martyr. Donegal 
has " Cronan, that is Mochua of 
Luachair, Abbot of Fearna (Ferns, 
co. Wexford "). 

7 Aedh Bedri Cummen. The 
Four Masters (649), and the Chron. 
Scot. (651), state that Aedh Bedri 
(or Beathra') was the son of Cummen. 

* Srath-Ethairt. The Srath (or 
<ra<A=stratum),or"holm,"ofEthart. 
Not identified. Dean Beeves thinks 
it was the name of a place in Perth- 
shire. Adamnan, p. 375, note u. 
The record of this battle is more fully 
given in the Chron. Scot., at the year 
651. 

9 Conang. The Conang, son of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



113 



[G5S.] 



Gael. 1 The battle of Connaught, in which fell Marcan, 2 the 
son of Toinain. 

Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 6, alias 7.) A.D. 653. The 
killing of Conall, 8 son of Maelcobha, i.e., by 4 Diarmait, 
son of Aedh Slane. Bishop Colman Mac-Ui-Telduibh, 5 and 
Ossene Fota, two abbots of Cluain-Iraird, died. Duchua 
Lochra, 6 abbot of Ferns, rested. The killing of Fergus, 
son of Domnall, and of Fergus, son of Rogaillnech, and of 
Aedh Bedri, 7 and of Cummen. 7 The battle of Srath- 
Ethairt, 8 in which Duncath, son of Conang, 9 ^vvas slain. 
[The death] of Aedh Roin, son of Maelcobha. Beda 10 was 
born in this year. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 65 1. Nem Mac-Ui-Birn 11 rests. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 635. The battle of Cumascach 12 son of 
Ailill, in which he fell. Crannmael son of Suibhne was [635. J 
victor. Battle of Pante, 13 King of the Saxons. Ossu' 1 
was victor. Battle of Anna. 15 The death of Crunmnael 
Erbuilc, 10 son of Ronan, King of the Leiiistennen. The 



Aeclhan, whose death by drowning is 
entered under the year G2 1 tupra. 

10 Beda. This entry is added in al. 
man. in A. B. has Uel tnc nacitn- 
car t)et>e. The birth of Bede is 
also recorded at the year 649 supra. 

11 Nem Mac- Ui-Birn " Nem, son 
of the descendant of Birn." O'Conor 
very inaccurately prints the name 
Neln me hui Ibirubir I The Four 
Masters state (654) that Nem was a 
successor of Enne of Ara. (St. Enna, 
or Knda, of Aranmore Island, in Gal- 
way Bay). Nem's day in the Calen- 
dar is June 14. 

> 2 Battle of Cumascach. The Four 
Mast. (650) call this the battle of 
Rescach, and add that Cumascach, 
son of Ailill, was Chief of Ui Crernh- 
thainn. The site (Flescach) has not 
been identified. By " battle of Cumas- 



cach," the Annalist meant that it was 
a battle in which Cumascach was 
slain. There are numerous examples of 
this practice throughout these Annals. 

13 Battle of Pante (i.e., Pcnda> 
This is one of the examples referred to 
in the last note. Penda was slain in 
the battle of Widwinfield (Wingfield), 
in the year 655, according to the 
Anglo-Sax. Chron. 

14 Ossu. Oswiu, King of the North- 
umbrians, whose death is entered in 
the Anglo- Sax. Chron. at the year 
670. 

15 Battle of Anna. By this is meant 
that Anna (King of the East Angles) 
was slain in a battle. The Anyio- 
Sax. Chron. has Anna's death under 
the year G54. See note I3 . 

16 Crunnmael Erbuilc. See at the 
year 646 tupra. 



114 



uloroti. 



pecun'oum 



Cp.unnmael en.btnlc mic Honam 
TYlon-F TYlaelaiccem 'Gin.e 7>a glaf. 
mic tJaT>ac 1115 Connachc. tlel hie 
all op. TYlocoemos Leich moifi quieuic. 

let. lanaip,. (1 p., 1. oc.) CCnno T>omim TC. l. ui. 
Obicup Subm mic Cujvqu abbaciy 1ae, 7 Hiram 
U Choncobaip. bellum T)elenT) m quo 

TnaelT>en mac Conaill. TTlon.p 'Colafigain mic 
551 V Piccofium. TDop-f Cellceni Lon.i. Ofica 
uacca ilLa^ifiu bpiuin que .1111. uiculop pepep.ir. 

let. lanain. (2 p., 1. 21.) CCnno -oommi -oc. 1. un. 
TTlo|if Ceallai^ mic TT1 aelecoljo, 7 Cellai^ mic Safuxm 
(no Ronam), 7 Pacn.ac celnam, 7 blai^cmicc mic 
Honam mic Coluimb. TTlop.f ^un.en: yiegif CClocluare, 
"pep5ailequepliiT)omnaill. Uencuf manuf. domain 
mac 'Cai^cem mofiicun.. 

let. lanaip (3 p., 1. 2.) CCnno T>omim -DC. l.um. 
T)imma mgeji epfcop ConT)i|ie, 7 Cummem epfcop 
"MdenT)p.oma, 7 "Ouncai) mac CCeTio plane, moprui ftmr, 
7 iugulai:io On.CT)Oic mic Secnupai^ 7 Concenn mic 
LaiTsnein 7 pUroubuifi ]iex "P|xancon.um, 

that Delenn may be Telenn, in the 
west of the co. Donegal. Four Mast., 
A.D. 654, note a. 

5 Maeldeith son of Conall. The 
Four Masters (654) and the Chron. 
Scot. (653) have " Maeldoid son of 
Conaing"; to which the latter autho- 
rity adds "or of Conall." 

6 Tolargan son of Anfrith. The 
" Talorcen filius Enfret " of the Pic- 
tish Chron. 

7 Lothra Lorrha, in the bar. of 
Lower Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

8 Lathrach-Briuin. Now Laragh- 
bryan, bar. of North Salt, co. Kildare. 
This prodigy is noticed in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 25, col. 1), thus: 
"Vacca quatuor vitulos in una die 
peperit." 



1 Raghallach. The killing of Kag- 
hallach is entered also above at the 
year 648. This and the two following 
entries, added in al. man. in A., are 
in the text in B. 

2 Fursa. The death of St. Fursa 
is entered above, under the years 646 
and 647. O'Conor prints frosa for 
Fursa, and translates " Pluvia mira- 
bilis " ! But his own blunder is more 
wonderful. This entry is not in Clar.49. 

3 Mac-Ui-Conchobair. "Son of 
the descendant of Conchobar." See 
O'Donovan's F. Mast., at 656, note d, 
Martyrology of Donegal, at Septem- 
ber 4th, and under 662 infra. 

4 Defend. This is in the genit. 
form. The nomin. form should pro- 
bably be Deliu. O'Donovan thinks 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



115 



death of Maelaiohthcn of Tir-da-glas. The killing of 
Raghallach 1 son of Uada, King of Connaught. Or, in 
this year [the death of] Fursa, 2 according to others. 
Mochaemhog of Liath-mor rested. 

KaJ. Jan. (Sund., m. 10.) A.D. 656. The death of [656.J 
Suibne, son of Curthri, abbot of la, and of Ultan Mac-Ui- 
Conchobair. 3 The battle of Delend, 4 in which Maeldeith 
son of ConalP was slain. Death of Tolargan, son of 
Anfrith, 6 King of the Picts. Death of Cellcen of Lothra. 7 
There appeared a cow at Lathrach-Briuin, 8 which calved 
four calves. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 21.) A.D. 657. Death of Cel- 
lach 9 son of Maelcobha, and of Cellach, son of Saran (or 
Ronan), 10 and of Fiachra Telnan, and of Blathmac, son of 
Ronan, son of Columb. 11 Death of Guret, King of Al- 
Cluathe, 12 and of Fergal 13 son of Domnall. A great storm. 
Tomain, son of Taithen, dies. 

Kal. Jan. (Tues., m. 2.) A.D. 658. Dimma Dubh, 14 [658.] 
bishop of Connor, and Cummeni, bishop of Naendruim, 
and Dunchadh son of Aedh Slane, died ; and the slaying 
of Orcdoith sou of Sechnasach, and of Concenn son of 
Ladgnen, and of Flodubur 16 King of the Franks. 



9 Cellach. King of Ireland con- 
jointly with his brother Conall, whose 
death is entered above at the year 
653 (where see note), and again at 663. 

10 Or Ronan. This is the name in 
B. But the Four Mast, say that 
Ceallach was son of Saran, and abbot 
of Othan-rno'r, now Fahan, bar. of 
Inishowen, co. Donegal. 

11 Columb. " Colman," Clar. 49. 
12 Al-Cluathe, genit. form Alo- 

Cluathe. The Petra Cloithe of 
Adamnan (ii., 1 5). Now Dumbarton 
in Scotland. See Reeves' Adamnan, 
pp. 43, 44, and at the years 693, 721, 
779 and 869, infra. 

" And of Fergal. Pejfigaile que, 



a curious combination of Fergaile, the 
genit. case of the name Fergal, and 
the Lat conjunction que. 

14 Dubh. The "black." Latinized 
niyer in the origL texts. But Dimma 
is better known to the student of 
EccL History as Dimma Dubh. 

15 Flodubur. plomibuifi, in the 
genit. case, in A. and B. (although 
O'Conor prints " Clodubuir [Clodo- 
vaei.]" The date of the entry might 
probably indicate that Clovis II. (ob. 
655) was meant, rather than his son, 
Clot hair III. (ob. 670.) But aa 
Irish writer would be more likely to 
represent Clothair than Clovis by the 
form in the text. 

12 



[657.] 



116 



CCMMCClCC UlCTOtl. 



Fol. 24ia 



let. lanain. (4 p., I. 13.) CCnno -oomini -DC." l- ioc. 
Obirup pmnam epifcopi pin Rime-oo, 7 Colman 
^Imne -oa loco qtneuic, 7 T)amel epifcopuf Cinn^a- 
p,a'D. THonf GcDac mic blairmicc. Con all cfian- 
namna mofiictin. Ouganan mac "Couhalam 



]ct. lanain.. CCnno T>ormni T)c. lcc. 'Commene (.1. 
mac Ronain) eppcop CCn/o macae, 7 ConainrT nepop 
T)ami: abb imleco Ibaifi, 7 LaiT^en ^apienp mac 
baicbannai, T>epuncT;i finis, pufifu in pepyiuna pau- 
fatnc. 

]ct. lanain. CCnno -Domini T>C. loc. i. Cummem 
(bran. anno ecacif f ue quieuir) 7 8an.an nepof 
fapienref, T0fimiepunu. bellum Ogomam 
ubi ceciT>e]atinc Conaing mac Con^aile, 7 11 Iran mac 
eyiname pex Cianachue, 7 Cennpaela-b mac 
blamac mac CCeix) uicriuf efc, -pocuip 
TTlael-Dtun mac "pu^UT)p.ain mic becce moyicuuf 
TTIaenac mac pnpm (mic CCefia T)Uib mic C|nmramn 



1 Finnan. The Finan who suc- 
ceeded St. Aedan (ob. G50, supra), in 
Lindisfarne, and who was himself 
succeeded by Colman. See Bede's 
Eccl. Hist., Book III., chap. 25. His 
day in the Calendar is variously given 
as Jan. 8th and Jan. 9th. Neither 
O'Donovan at Four Mast., A.D. 659), 
nor Ussher (Index Ckron., at the years 
G51, G61), seems to have perceived the 
identity of this Finan with the suc- 
cessor of St. Aedan. 

2 Colman His obit is recorded in 

Ann Four Mast., under 659, where 
it is stated that he died on December 
2. But his festival is given in the 
Martyr, of Donegal, as Dec. 13. 

3 Cenngaradh. Kingarth, in Bute. 
The Martyr, of Donegal gives his 
festival as Feb. 18. 

4 Conall Crannamna.Son of Eo- 



chaidh Buidhe, son of Aedan, and 
12th King of the Scotch Dalriads. 

5 Totholan.- - The name is other- 
wise written Tuathalan, and h> a 
diminutive of the name Tuatha?. 
This is the last entry on fol. 24n of 
MS. A., on the upper margin of which 
a stanza in Irish is written, and two 
on the Icwer margin, without any 
marks to indicate the place in the 
text where they should be introduced. 
It is doubtful if they have any parti- 
cular connection with the text at all, as 
they do not occur in MS. B., nor in Clar. 
49. They do not seem worth printing. 

6 Ronan. This clause, added by 
way of gloss in al. man. in A., is not 
in B. or Clar. 49. 

7 Conalnn Ua Daint. " Conainn 
descendant of Dant." The Latin 
equivalent for Ua (nepos) is written 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



117 



Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 13.) A.D. 659. The death of [659.] BIS. 
Bishop Finnan, 1 son of Rimid ; aud Colraan 8 of Glenn-da- 
locha rested, and Daniel, bishop of Cenngaradh. 8 Death 
of Eochaidh, son of Blathmac. Conali Crannamna 4 dies. 
Euganan, son of Tothalan, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 660. Tommene (i.e., son of Ronan 6 ), [660.] 
bishop of Armagh, and Conainn Ua Daiut, 7 abbot of 
Imlech-Ibair, and Laidhggen the Wise, son of Baeth- 
bannach, died. Fursa rested in Peronne. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 661. Cummeni the Tall 9 (in the 72nd [661.] 
year 10 of his age he rested) and Saran Ua Critain, 11 sages, 1 
fell asleep. The battle of Ogoman, 12 in which fell Conaing 
son of Congal, and Ultan, son of Ernaine, King of 
Cianachta, and Ceimfaeladh son of Gerthide. 13 Bla[th]mac 
son of Aedh, Diarmaid's colleague, 14 was vanquished. 
Maelduin, son of Furudran, son of Becc, died. Maenach, 
son of Finghin (son 15 of Aedh Dubh, son of Crimthann,son 



, a, 4>fcv* 
V*^' 



nepotis in A. and B., but nepos in 
Clar. 49. For the name " Conainn," 
the Four Mast, and Chron. Scot. 
(657) have " Conaing." 

8 In Peronne. 1n pejifuna, A. 
1n ppma, B. Clar. 49 has "in 
prisona," although O'Conor states 
(note 2, ad. an.) that this MS. reads 
" in propria persona !" The death of 
St. Fursa is noticed above under the 
years 646 and 647. The present 
entry is added in al. man. in A. But 
it is part of the original text in B. 

9 The Tall. Theorig. of this clause, 
added in al. man. in A., is part of the 
text in B. lonsuf, MSS. 

10 In the 72nd year The birth of 
St. Cummeni the Tall, orCummenybta 
(" long," " tall "*), is entered at the 
year 591 supra. Much curious infor- 
mation regarding the alleged in- 
cestuous origin, and history, of St 
Cummeni Fota has been published by 



Dr. Todd. See Book of Hymns, pt. 
I., pp. 81-93. 

11 Saran Ua Critain " Saran de- 
scendant (nepos) of Critan." St. 
Saran is patron of Tisaran, in the bar. 
of Garrycastle, King's co. 

12 Ogoman. The Four Mast. (660) 
add that Ogaman was oc cinn cop.- 
bcroain, "< Cenn Corbadan ;" but 
neither place has been identified. See 
note 14 . 

13 Gerthide. See under the year 
5^3, supra. 

"Diarmaid's colleague. rociur 
ThafXtncrDCC. The battle of Ogoman 
seems to have been fought between 
the two brothers, Diarmaid and 
Blathmac (sons of Aedh Slaiiu'-), who 
were Joint-Kings of Ireland at this 
time, and whose death is entered 
under the year 664 infra. 

15 Son, &c. The original of this 
clause is interlined in A, and B. 



118 



cctiNcclcc uloroti. 



mic eiT>limiT> mic CCenpifa mic Na-opunch), fiex 
TYluman, moficuup eps. Uigulcrcio 1TlaelepuaT:ai 
piln Ofinam. Scannlan abb Lu^mai'D quietus. 

jet. lanaifi. (1 -p., 1. 16.) CCnno T>omini T>C. lx. 11. 
Cfuiep Regain mic 11 Chuuro abb benncoifc, 7 mofip 
uaip.e CCiTine. In^ulasio 7)UOfium pbofium "Oomnaill 
pin CCe-oo .1. Conall 7 Col^u. TYlojip ^ 
"Oomnaill, 7 "Domnaill mic Tosolam. TTlojif 
mic TDoji^anTD. "Cueno^ pibuf pmnsm abb 
1nT)e^"icac epifcopup, "Dim a epifcopuf, quiefceyiunr;. 
Ulcan mac U CbonculSaip, quieuis fecuiroum alium 



b. }ct. Icmaifi. (2 p., 1. 27.) CCnno -oomini -oc. lx. 111. 
"Cefnejbp-ae in ]ct. TTlan m nona hop.a, 7 m ea'oem 
aefsase coelum ajvoepe tupum efs. tnofiralisaf m 
Tliben.niam petiuemu m jet. CCusufd. bellum tuco 
peipnn .1. 1 "Pofiqfimn. TTloiif Cep.nai| pin *Dia|imaso 
mic CCetio flane mic T)iap,maT)a cefin.beoil mic Conaill 
cyiemrainne, es cep,fiemor;uf m Ojussania, 7 Comgan 
mac U 'Ceimne, 7 bepac ab benncaifi. baesan mace 
tl Cojimaicc abb Cluano obnu. 1n campo 1 

mo|ir;alisaf pnimo in tlibepma. CC 
cc. .111. pynma mofisalica'p .cxn. Ceallac 
macTDaeilecoBa mofiisuyi hie fectin-oum alium 



1 Segain Mac-Ui-Chuind "Segain, 
son of Cond's descendant." His name 
is written " Seighin" in the Martyr. 
of Donegal, where his festival is 
given at September 1.0. 

2 Guaire Aidhne. King of Con- 
naught, celebrated for his hospitality. 
He is mentioned at the years 626 and 
648 supra: and his obit is again 
entered under the year 665 infra. 

3 Domnall, son of Aedh. King of 
Ireland. His obit is entered above 
under the year 641. 

4 Gartnaidh. A Pictish king. The 



" Gartnait filius Donnel " of the 
Pictish Chronicle. 

*Finntin. Fintain (gen. of Fintan), 
Four Mast. (662). 

6 Indercach This name seems 

comp. of in (the defin. article in Irish) 
and dercach (" charitable "). 

7 Ullan. See above, at the year 
656. This entry, added in al. man. 
in A., is in the original text in B. 

8 Luth-feirnn, i.e., in Forlrenn. 
Luth-feirnn has not been identified. 
Fortrenn was " one of the seven pro- 
vinces of the Picts, and lay to the 
west of the River Tay," according to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



119 



[662.] 



of Fedhlimidh, son of Aengus, son of Nadfraech), King of 
Munster, died. The slaying of Maelfuataigh, son of Ernain. 
Scannlann, abbot of Lughmadh, rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Sund., m. 16.) A.D. 662. The repose of 
Sega in Mac-Ui-Chuind, 1 abbot of Bangor ; and death of 
Guaire Aidhne. 2 The killing of two sons of Domnall 
son of Aedh, 8 viz., Conall and Colgu. The death of 
Gartnaidh, 4 son of Domnall, and of Domnall, son of 
Totholan. Death of Tuathal, son of Morgand. Tuenog, 
son of Finntin, 5 abbot of Ferns; Indercach, 6 a bishop, 
Dima, a bishop, rested. Ultan 7 Mac-Ui-Conchobair rested, 
according to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 27.) A.D. 663. Darkness on [663.] BIS. 
the Kalends of May, at the ninth hour ; and in the same 
summer the sky seemed to be on fire. A pestilence 
reached Ireland on the Kalends of August. The battle 
of Luth-feirnn, i.e., in Fortrenn. 8 Death of Cernach, son 
of Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane, son of Diarmait Cerrbeoil, 
son of Conall Cremthainne ; and an earthquake in Britain ; 
and Comgan Mac-Ui-Teimhne, 9 and Berach abbot of 
Bangor, [died]. Baetan, son of Ua Cormaic, abbot of 
Cluain, 10 died. The mortality raged at first in Ireland in 
Magh Itho of Fothart. From the death of Patrick, 11 203 
[years] ; the first mortality, 12 112 [years]. Ceallach, son 
of Maelcobha dies in this year, 13 according to another Book. 



Skene. Chron. Picts and Scots, Pre- 
face, p. cxx. But Dean Reeves 
thinks the name was applied to all 
Pictland. Adamnan, pp. 202, 332. 

9 Comgan Mac-Ui-Teimhne. "Com- 
gan, son of the descendant of 
Teimhne." In the Martyr, of Done- 
gal, which gives bis festival at Feb. 
27, the name of Comgan is written 
" Comman." 

10 Cluain. Clonmacnoise. 

11 Patrick. The Patrick referred 
to here must be " Old Patrick " (or 



Sen-Patrick'), whose death is entered 
supra, at the year 457, and again 
(as " Patrick " only) under 461 ; and 
not " Patrick the Archbishop," whose 
quievit is recorded at the year 492 
(=493). See under 457 supra, 
note 6 ; and under 670, note b. 

12 Mortality. moficalicct, A. 
The plague, or leprosy, called Sam 
throsc, mentioned at the year 553 
supra, is probably here referred to. 

13 In this year. hi (for hie) A. B. 
See under the year 657 supra. 



120 



(XWICClCC UlCCDtl. 



let. lanaip. (4 p., 1. 8.) CCnno T>omim 7>c. tx. nii. 
TYlopcaliTXtp magna. TMapmais mac CCe-oo plane, 7 
blaimac, 7 TTlaelbfiepcnl pimp 1TlaeleT>uin, moptui 
punTM.7)on t>uiTe conaill. UUxxn mac Caun^a, abCluana 
ipaipu "OopmiTxrcio peichem abaip (.1. -oe eoT>em 
Foi. 24 bb. mopbo .1. oon bwoe conaill), 7 CCilepam papiencip, 7 
Cponani piln 8ilm. Cu cen maT;aip mac Cacail (mic 
CCeT>a mic Caipbpi mic Cfiimram) pi TDuman mopiDUp. 
blaimac Tebae, Oengup tlla, TTlancati Leic, epipcopi 
abbarepqtie auque aln mnumepabilep mop^ui punr. 
Colman capp abb Cluana mic "Moaip, Cummeni abb 
Cluano mic tl "Moip, Dopmiepunr;. 

]ct. 1anaip. (5 p., 1. 20.) CCnno T>omini -oc. loc. u. 
TTlopp CCilella p'lainneppo piln "Oomnaill piln CCetio 
piln CCmmepeac. niaelcaic mac Scannail7>i Cpui^mB, 
TnaelT)Uin pilmp Scannail pex ^enepip Coipppi, obie- 
punT;. OochaiDiap.laici pex Cpuirne mopir:up. "Dubmn- 
pechc mac "Ouncha-oa pex .h. mbpium CCi mopicup. 
TYlopp Ceallaig mic ^uaipe. ^uaipe CCiTine mopruup 
epr pecun-oum alium libpum. 

]ct. lanaip.. (6 p., 1. 1.) CCnno T>omim T>C. 1x. ui. 
TTIopi:alir;ap in hibepma. bellum CCene inp CCpaT)a 7 
ht! p-ogenci, ubi cecfoit: Ougen piliup Cpunnmail. 
Ceapnac pocal mac "Diapmaca quieuii:. 



1 DiarmaitBlathmac. Brothers, 
and Joint-Kings of Ireland. 

2 Buidhe-chonaill. The original of 
this clause is added by way of gloss 
(though a little displaced) in A. and B. 

3 Ultan the son of Cunga. Ulccm 
m caungcc, A. B. The Four Masters 
write the name mac Tiui cunga 
(" son of the descendant of Cunga.") 

4 Buidhe-chonaill. The orig. of 
this, not in A, or Clar 49, is added 
by way of gloss in B See note 5 , 
p. 54 supra. 



5 Son of Silne. Called " Cronan, 
son of Sinill" in the Martyr, of 
Donegal, at the llth of Nov., where 
his festival is given. 

6 Son. The original of this clause, 
which is added by way of gloss in A., 
is not in B. 

7 Dies. The obit of Cu-cen-mathair 
(" Canissine matre ") is wrongly entered 
above at A.D. 603, instead of his birth. 

8 Llath. Liath-Manckain, or 
Lemanaghan, King's co. 

9 Other persons, CClli,B. Not in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



Kal. Jan. (Wedn., m. 8.) A.D. 664. A great mortality. [664.] 
Diarmait, 1 son of Aedh Slane, and Bla[th]mac, 1 and CSUl 
Maelbresail, son of Maelduin, died (i.e., of the ' Buidhe 
chonaill')*. Ultan the son of Cunga, 8 abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, [died]. The ' falling asleep ' of Feichen of Fabhar 
(i.e., from the same distemper, i.e., the ' Buidhe chonaill '),* 
and of Aileran the Wise, and of Cronan, son of Silne. 5 
Cu-cen-mathair, son of Cathal (son 6 of Aedh, son of Cairbre, 
son of Crimthan), King of Munster, dies. 7 Bla[th]mac of 
Tethba, Oengus Uladh, Manchan of Liath, 8 and bishops 
and abbots, and other persons 9 innumerable, died. Colman 
Gas, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, [and] Cummeni, abbot of 
Cluain-mic-Nois, slept. 

KaL Jan. (Thurs., m. 20.) A.D. 665. The death of [665.] 
Ailill Flannessa, son of Domnall, son of Aedh, son of 
Ainmire. Maelcaich, 10 son of Scannal, of the Cruithni, 11 
[and] Maelduin, son of Scannal, King of Cinel-Coirpri, 
died. Eochaid larlaithi, King of the Cruithni, 11 dies. 
Dubhinnrecht, son of Dunchad, King of Ui-Briuin-Ai, 
dies. Death of Cellach son of Guaire. 12 Guaire Aidhne 18 
died, according to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 1.) A.D. 666. A mortality in [666.] 
Ireland. 11 The battle of Aine" between the Arada and 
Ui-Fidhgenti, in which fell Eugen son of CrunnmaeL 
Cemach Sotal, 16 son of Diarmait, rested. 



10 Maelcaich Mentioned at 628 

gupra. 

11 Cruithni. The Cruithni (or 
Picts) of Dalaraide, co. Antrim. 

" Guaire. The Guaire Aidhne 
(Ring of Connaught) referred to in 
the next entry. 

1S Guaire Aidhne. See at the year 
662, supra, where the death of Guaire 
is already noticed. This entry is 
added in al. man. in A B. has 
merely Uel hie Scnne ai'one. 



14 In Ireland. in hibefinia, B. 
The same words seem to have been 
added as a gloss over mofvcalicap in 
A. ; but they are now almost illegible. 

Aine. - Any, or Knockany, in 
the barony of Smallcounty, co. Lime- 
rick. 

Cernach Sotal. The Cernach, 
son of Diarmait, son of Aedh Blanc", 
&c., whose death is entered above 
under 663. This entry is added in 
the later hand in A. 



122 



ccNNCclcc uloroTi 



.b. let. lanaip. ( p., I. .) CCnno -Domini -DC. lx. un. 
mapia .1. an bui-oe con en U. beltum 
mcep Ulcu 7 Cpuitne, ubi ceciDii; Caupac mac 
m. "Mauisano Columbani epipcopi [cum] peb- 
quip panrcopum ai> nipotam uaccae atbae, m qua 
pun-oauit; aecclefiam, 7 nauigacio pibopum ^ap^nai-o 
a-o Tlibepniam cum ptebe -peer. Pepjjup mac 1T)ucc67>o 
mopuuup e r c - 'Oiapmai'o 7 blacmacc T>a p,i| GfienT), 7 
Peichm poBaifi, 7 aln mulci monmn -punr; .1. 7>on bui-5 
conaill, fecuiToum abum b bp.it m. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omim -DC. tx. tmi. Obicup 
Cummem aitbi abbanp 1ae, 7 Cpicani abbacip benn- 
caip., 7 TTIucuae mice liUifc, 7 mopp 
nuc SuiBne pegip nepocum 



Cennpaetat) cecimc : 
TH 'Ditm 

Mach p,i limpa atatiu, 
bp,eca TTlaelpocaficai 
1na geimnen T>O -6aip,iu. 



Icapnan 7 Copm-ou apu-o piccopep 7>eipuncci punc. 
TTIaele'DUin mic TTlaenaic. 



1 A great mortality. The words 
magnet .1. an btnt>e conaitt, which 
are not in B., are added as gloss 
over moifxcaticap in A. The writ- 
ing is now extremely faint. Clar. 
49 has "Mortalitas magna called 
Buichoinnell." See note 5 , p. 54 supra. 

^Fertais. Pep,cpi *(genit, of pejx- 
caip). See O'Donovan's Four Mas- 
ters, A.D. 665, note a, where the 
Editor expresses the opinion that from 
this "Fertais" the name of Belfast 
(bet/ peficp ; " mouth of the ford ")> 
has been derived. 

3 Colman. Cotumbani (in the 



genit case), A., B., and Clar. 49 ; in 
which latter MS. an old hand has 
written Colmani in the margin," 
Column's death is recorded at the 
year 675 infra. 

4 With the relics oj the Saints. 
fietiqtnp pcoyium, A., B., and Clar 
49. O'Conor, however, prints " cum 
reliquis Scotor." The entry of Col- 
man's retirement to Ireland in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 24, col. 1), has 
cum fiekicrunp pcojx. The Four 
Masters say (667) 50 tiaoriiaib oile 
imaitle pp-ip, " together with other 
Saints." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



123 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 667. A great mortality, 1 i.e., the [667.] BIS. 
' Buidhe chonaill.' The battle of Fertais 8 between the 
Ulaid and the Cruithni, in which fell Cathusach son of 
Lurgein. Voyage of Bishop Coltnan, 8 with the relics of 
the Saints, 4 to Inis-bo-finde, in which he founded a 
church ; and the voyage to Ireland of the sons of Gartnat, 
with the people of Sceth. 5 Fergus son of Muccid died. 
Diarmaid 6 and Blathmacc, the two Kings of Ireland, and 
Feichin of Fobhar, 7 and many others died, i.e., of the 
' Buidhe chonaill,' according to another Book. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 668. Death of Cummene the Fair, [668. j 
abbot of la, and of Critan, abbot of Bangor, and of Mocua 
son of Ust; and the death of Maelfothartaigh, son of 
Suibhne, King of the Ui-Tuirtri. 

Cennfaeladh sang 8 : 

Not dearer 

Is either king than another to me, 
Since Maelfothartaigh was borne 
In his ferer to Deny. 



Itarnan 9 and Corindu died 10 among the Picts. 
tion of Maelduin, son of Maenach. 



Assassina- 






/ / 



5 Sceth. The Isle of Skye. In the 
Book of Leinster (p. 358, col. 3), the 
name is written jxjecha. For various 
other forms of this curious name con- 
sult Reeves' Adamttan, p. 62, note b. 
See Armstrong's Gaelic 'Dictionary, 
under the word sgiathanach, where a 
good deal of nonsense regarding the 
etymology of the name "Skye'' is 
printed. 

6 Diarmaid. This entry is repre- 
sented in B. by Uet hie "Oiafwnaic 
7 blaimac 7 Pecin moyxcui pine 
.1. TK>n bwoe cotiaiU.. ("Or in 
this year Diannait, and Blai[th]mac, 
and Fechin died, ie., of the ' Buidhe- 



chonaill.' ") The decease of all three 
is entered above at the year 664. 

7 Fobhar. Fore, in the bar. of the 
same name, co. Westmeath. For some 
curious notices regarding Fore, see 
O'Donovan's Four Mast., at A.D. 1176, 
note *. 

8 Cennfaeladh sang. The following 
stanza, which is not in B., is written 
on the lower margin of fol. 25a in A. 

9 Itarnan. O'Conor mistook this 
name for the name of a place. See 
his ed. of these Annals at the same 
date. 

10 Wed. Deptmci func punc,A. 



124 



comedo: uloroti. 



t. lanain.. OCnno -comim T>C. lx. ix. "Nix mapia 
a epr. Opcolt; mop., lu^utacio TTIoele-DUin nepo- 
np Ron am. TTlofip bUrcrmcc mic THaelecoljio, 7 111511- 
Foi. 25aa. Urcio Cuanai pitn C.ettai. Uemt; genuf afi[c]nair; 
-oe tlibep,nia. lusuUrcio bftam pmn mic YYlaeleporan.- 
cai|. YYlopp "Duncha-oo hm Ronam. 

}ct. lanaip.. CCnno -Domini T>C. lccx. TTlop.p Oppu 
pin Cicitbn.iT; t 16 ^^ Saxonum. pejisuf mac Cfumnmail 
moiaiT:u|i. lusulacio 8ecnufai pin blamiic t^^T 
"Cemoifne, mit:io hiemif ; 

ba fftianac, "ba echtafcac 
CC tech ambii) Sechnaf ach ; 
ba hiniT>a puit>et po|\ flaiuc 
Tli caij i rn-bich mac [bjtaitnieicc. 

"Dub-oum fiex semiiif Coippfii lugutauii: ilium; 7 bfian 
pmn mac TTlaeleocqfiaic mop,icup. bellum "Dfioma 
cepaif. maitfiubai m b|ncanniam naui^ac. 
.b. Jet. lanaifi. (5 p., 1. 26.) CCnno -Domini T)C. lxx. 1. 
beltum "Oun^aite mic TTlaeteT:uile, 7 combupcio 
macae 7 "oomup "Cailb piln ^egeni, -Delet:! f unr; 
TTlofip Cummapcaic mic Ronam, TTlep mofi. Cenn- 



1 Fell. pacca epc, A. Not in 
B. 

z Famine. Opcotc. Otherwise 
written apcatc (see Chron. Scot, at 
A.D. 962). See also Stokes's ed. of 
Cannae's Glossary, p. 1. O'Conor 
erroneously prints Scol mor., and 
more erroneously translates " mortali- 
tas magna armentorum.'' Clar. 49 
reads " Great sleaing of chattle." 

3 Family of Gartnat. gen up 
^ayicnaic. See under 667. Re- 
garding the identity of this Gartnat, 
see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 290. 

4 Son of Maelfothartaigh. The 
death of another " Bran Finn," stated 
to have been the son of a "Maeloch- 
traich," is entered under the next year. 



5 Ossu. Oswiu, King of the Nor- 
thumbrians. 

6 Eitilbrith. ^Ethelfrith, slain in 
617, according to the Anglo-Sax. 
Chron. 

1 Full of bridles. The original of 
this stanza, which is not in B., is 
written on the lower margin of fol. 
25a in A. 

8 Clnel- Coirpre, i.e., the race of 
Cairbre, son of Niall Nine-hostager, 
who were at this period seated in the 
present bar. of Granard, co. Longford, 
but whose descendants afterwards 
gave name to the districts now re- 
presented by the baronies of Carburj', 
in the cos. of Kildare and Sligo. 

9 .Bra?* Finn. Bran the "Fair." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



125 



Kal. Jan. A.D. G69. Great snow fell. 1 A great famine. 2 
The murder of Maelduin Ua Ronain. The death of 
Blathmac, son of Maelcobha, and the murder of Guana, 
son of Cellach. The family of Gartnat 3 comes from 
Ireland. The assassination of Bran Finn, son of Mael- 
fothartaigh. 4 The death of Dunchad Ua Ronain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 670. The death of Ossu, s sonof Eitilbrith, 8 
King of the Saxons. Fergus, son of Crunnmael, dies. 
The assassination of Sechnusach, son of Bla[th]mac, King 
of Tara, in the beginning of winter : 

Full of bridles, 7 full of horse- whips, was 

The house where Sechnasach was wont to be. 

Many were the leavings of plunder, 

In the house in which Blathmac's son used to be. 



[6G9.] 



$ lit 



[670.] 



f 4, 



ftr- 



/ 



Dubhduin, King of Cinel-Coirpre, 8 slew him. And Bran 
Finn, 9 son of Maelochtraich, dies. The battle of Druim- 
Cepais. 10 Maelruba 11 passes over to Britain. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 26.) A.D. 671. The battle of [671.] 
Dungal, 12 son of Maeltuile ; and the burning of Armagh, 
and of the house of Taille, 13 son of Segene. [Many}iwcre 
destroyed Ow*e. u The death of Gummascach, son of Ronan. <*****$"- t<"w** 
Great fruit. Cennfaeladh,son of Blathmae, begins to reign. 



: 



The assassination of a " Bran Finn." 
son of Maelfothartaigh, is recorded 
under the preceding year. 

10 Druim-Cepais. Not identified. 
Clar. 49 has " Druim-cexais." 

11 Maelruba. See under the year 
672. 

12 Battle of Dungal. bellum 
"Oungcnte. This idiomatic form of 
expression is used very frequently in 
these Annals, to indicate that the 
person whose battle is thus noticed 
was himself slain therein. This battle 
is called the battle of Tolach-nrd 
( ' high hill ") in Three Fragments of 
Annals, at A.D. 672. 



13 The " House of Taille:' Tech- 
Taille. Now Tehelly, in the par. of 
Durrow, bar. of Ballycowan, King's 
co. See O'Donovan's Four Mart., 
A.D. G70, note . The Tjotnup cmlli 
of the original text is printed do 
mglalli by O'Conor, who translates it 
" duo Mactallii ! '' 

14 \_Many~\ were destroyed there. 
The original, -oeleci punc ib-oig, 
seems corrupt, and should probably 
be corrected to ec mulei "oeleci 
yunc ibi C r ibi-oem). For ibt>i5, 
O'Conor reads ibi, as does the " trans- 
lator " CO of Ciar. 49. 



126 



CCNNCClCC 



paelaT) mac bloom aic pesnafie mcipic. Oxpulpio 
"Dfiopco T>e p,e$no, 7 combupuio benncaifi bpiuconum. 

]ct. lanaip,. CCnno -oomini T>C. lxx. n. Combupcio 
maise Lunge, lugulauio TJomangaip-t; mic "Oomnaill 
bpicc pegip T)al Uiacai. 'gabail eiiuin mic Cuip.p 7 
Conamail piln Canonn, 7 Copmacc [mac] TTlaele- 

abba^ip 1ae 

TTlai lyiubai punDauic aecclepiam 
npcanr;inup piliup pupe]iiop.ip Con- 
anmp x. 7 un. 
rCt- 1anaiH> (JLnno "Domini "DC. LXX. 111. lugf LCCCIO 
Congaile cennpoci mic "Ouncha-oo, pegip tllo^. becc 

mic 



in hibefimam. 

CCpop-Cfioopan. 



Cianacce. TTlop,f Scannlain mic 

"Mubep t;entnp7qaemuta aD ppeciem 
ayicup .1111- 11151 li a iiocnp ui. peji.ia ance papca ab 
o|iieni;e m occiT>encem pe\i pepeiium coelum appap.uiT:. 
tuna m pangumem ue]ipa epc. 

]ct. lanain.. (2 p., I. 29.) CCnnoT>ommi T>C. txx.ini. 
Fol. 25ab. bellum Cm'Dpaela'D piln bla^cmaic pitn CCeT>o plane, 
m quo CiiTopaetaT) mce^peccup epc. Ipmechca mac 
"Duncha-oa IHCT:OI"I epao. lusutacio CCip.meT)ai5 hui 
TTIofip "Hoe mic T)anel. TTIopp piln 



1 Magli-luinge. The "Campus 
Lunge" of Adamnan (i., 30; ii., 15). 
An establishment founded by St. 
Colum-Cille in the island of Tiree. 
See Eeeves 1 Adamnan, p. 59, note /, 
and Ulster Jl of Archceol., Vol. II., 
pp. 233-244. 

2 Domnall Brecc. See under the 
year 641 supra. 

3 OfElvin, son of Corp. 61iuin me 
Cuifip, A., B. The translation of 
this clause in Clar. 49 is "the capti- 
vitie of Eolvin me Cairbre and Con- 
maoil me Canonn. Cormac Maile 



folhart moritur.'' But this is plainly 
wrong. Although the text of B. is 
at one with A., O'Conor incorrectly 
prints Gabhail Eluan me Coirpre, &c. 
("Capture of Elua, son of Coirpre,''&c.) 

4 [#o.] See Fragments of Annals, 
p. 69. 

8 To Ireland. The return of Failbhe 
from Ireland is entered under the year 
675. 

6 Aporcrosan. Applecross, in 
Ross-shire, Scotland. The death of St. 
Maelrubha, in the 80th year of his 
age, is recorded at the year 721 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



127 



Expulsion of Drost from the kingship ; and the burning 
of Bangor of the Britons. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 672. The burning of Magh-luinge. 1 
The killing of Doinangart, son of Domnall Brecc 2 King 
of Dalriata. The capture of Elvin son of Corp, 3 and 
Conamail son of Caiio; and Cormac, [son 4 ] of Mael- 
fothartaigh, dies. Voyage to Ireland 5 of Failbhe, abbot 
of la. ^iaelruba founded the church of Aporcrosan. 
Constantine, 7 son of the previous Constantino, reigned 8 
seventeen years. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 673. The assassination of Congal 
Cennfota, 9 son of Dunchad, King of Uladh. Becc Bairche 10 
killed him. The assassination of Doir, son of Maeldubh, 
King of Cianachta. Death of Scannlan, son of Fingin, 
King of Ui-Meith. A thin and tremulous cloud, in the 
form of a rainbow, appeared at the fourth watch of the 
night, on the Friday 11 before Easter Sunday, [extending] 
from east to west, in a clear skv. The moon was turned 

V 

into blood. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 29.) A.D. 674. The battle of 
Cennfaeladh, son of Blathmac, son of Aedh Slane, in 
which 12 Cennfaeladh was slain. Finachta, son of Dunchad 
was victor. The assassination of Airmedach, descendant 
of Guaire. Death of Noe, son of Danel. Death of the 



[C72.] 



[674.] 



His festival appears in the Calendar 
at April 21. 

7 Constantine. This was Constan- 
tine III., Emperor of the East, who 
reigned from GG8 to G85. Art de V, 
let dates, t. 1, p. 417. 

8 Reiyned. fiegip, for jxe^nccc, 
or fvesnauic, A., B., and Clar. 49. 

9 Congal Cennfota. "Congal Long- 
head." 

10 Becc Bairche. In the list of the 
Kings of Ulad, contained in the Book 
of Leinster, (p. 41, col. 3), Eecc 



Bairche is stated to have been king of 
that province for 2-t years, and to 
have died in pilgrimage. 

11 Friday. ui tt j.'ep.ia or sixth 
day of the week. The Chron. Scot, has 
u a vep-ia> or Thursday. 

"/ which.- The original of this 
clause, which is part of the text in 
B., is interlined in al. man. in A. 
Cennfaeladh only commenced to reign 
in A.D. 671, and was succeeded in 
the kingship by his slayer, Finachta, 
who was Cennfaeladh's second cousin. 



128 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



Sccmnlam rnic pm^m fxegip nepocum 

nafie incipic, fcibcec pinachca plecroac 
mac *OuncaT>a nuc CCe-oa flame. 

|Ct. 1anai|t. (3 p , t. x.) CCnno T>ommi T>C. locx.u. 
Cotumbana epipcopup ni^olae uaccae albae, 7 pnan 
CCifiermam paupanr:. Iti^ulacio TTlaele-ouin pin 
am 7 t)oiT>b pin Honain hoi Con^aile. TTlulci 

7>imen.p -punc iltam-D abae. 
CCilce piam^fienn la pneclicae. "Paelbe -oe 

Cental mac TnaeleT)Uin,7 pin Scannail, 7 



]ct. lanaifi. (o p., 1. 21.) CCnno T)ommi T>c. lxx. tn. 
Scella comecef infa lunnnofa 111 menpe pepcimbn.if 7 
occimbiiiy. "OunchaT) mac tl Irani occiftif e^c i n-Dun 
PP55- bellum \nte\i pnpiecra 7 lasenop in loco 
pjaoximo Loco ^abap, m quo pnfnecliua uiccojt ejiar. 
CuanDai mic Ouanam. Conieo Cule 



1 Son of Penda. Apparent!}* 
Wulfhere, son of Penda, King of 
^Icrcia, whose obit the Anglo-Sax. 
Chron. has at A.D. G75. The name of 
Penda is written pcmce in the MSS. 

y Scannlan. The death of this 
Scannlan is already entered under 
the year 673. 

3 Finachta the Festlce. fTinctchccc 
pLea-oac. The original of this clause 
is added in al. man- in A., and in the 
original hand in B. For some curious 
information regarding King Finachta, 
see Fragments of Irish Annals under 
the year G77. 

4 Columban. This is the Colman 
whose voyage (from Lindisfarne) to 
Inis-bo-finde (Inishbqfin, off the W. 
coast of Mayo) is entered at the year 
G67 supra. Bede devotes a 



deal of attention to St. Colman, Eccl. 
Hist., Book III., caps. 25, 26. 

5 Finan. The festival of this 
Fiuan is given in the Martyr, of 
Donegal under Feb. 12, where his 
father's name is written " Erannan," 
a mere variation of " Airennan." 

6 Son.fC\, A., B. 

7 Riyullan. This was probably the 
Rigullan whose death is noticed at the 
year G28 supra, and who was son of 
Conang (see at A.D. 621), son of 
Aedan Mac Gabrain, King of the 
Scotch Dalriads (whose obit is given 
above at the j'ear 605). 

*Ronan Ua Congaile. Ron am 
hoi Congaile, A., B. But O'Conor 
blunderingly prints hot (nepotis) 
"hoc est" Ronan Ua Congaile 
means " Ronan descendant of Congal." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



120 



son of Penda. 1 Death of Scannlan, 2 son of Fingin, King 
of Ui-Meith. Finachta begins to reign, viz., Finachta 
the Festive, 8 son of Dunchad, son of Aedh Slane. 

Kal. Jan. (Tuesd., m. 10.) A.D. 675. Columban/ 
bishop of Inis-bo-finne, and Finan, 5 son" of Airennan, 
rested. The assassination of Maelduin, son of Rigullan, 7 
and of Bodb, son of Ronan Ua Congaile. 8 A great many 
Picts were drowned in Land-abac. 9 The destruction of 
Ailech-Frigrenn 10 by Finachta. Failbhe 11 returned from 
Ireland. Congal eon of Maelduin, and the sons of 
Scannal, and Aurthula, were slain. 

Kal. Jan. (Thurs., m. 21.) A.D. 676. A bright comet 
was seen in the months"' 2 of September and October. 
Dunchad 18 son of Ultan was slain in Dun-Forgo. A 
battle between Finachta 14 and the Leinstermen, in a place 
near Loch-gabar, in which Finachta 11 was victor. The 
assassination of Cuanda son of Eojranan. The encounter 



The Four Masters, wko often ignore 
events connected with Scotch histor)", 
have no reference to -the death of 
Maelduin son of Rigullan, or of Bodb 
son of Ronan Ua Congaile, having 
apparently regarded them as members 
of the Gaelic family of Alba (or 
Scotland). 

9 Land-abae. Not identified. See 
Reeves* Adamnan, p. CO, note b. 
Skene (Chron. Picts and Scots, Index 
v. Lindabae), says it ia " Lundaff 
now Kinloch, Perthshire," without 
vouchsafing any authority for the 
statement 

10 Ailech Friyrenn. Ailech, or 
Elagh, as the name is now written, 
near Lough Swilly, in the bar. of 
Inishowen West, co. Donegal. 

" Failbhe. The voyage to Ireland 



of Failbhe is noticed at the year G72. 
His obit appears under 678 infra. 

lt In the months. in menpe, A., 
B., and Clar. 49. The appearance of 
this comet is noticed in the Anglo* 
Sax. Chron. at the year 678, where 
it is stated that it shone every morn- 
ing for three months like a sun- 
beam. Its appearance is likewise re- 
corded in the Chron. Scot, and Annals 
of Clonmacnoise, at the year 673, but 
under 677 (which is the proper year) 
in Tigernach. 

13 Dunchad. The Four Masters 
state that Duncbad was chief of the 
Oirghialla. 

lt Finachta pinfmectica (" white- 
snow "), in original. This was Fin- 
achta, King of Ireland. Sec under 
the year 674. 

K 






130 



ulcroti. 



X 



Fol. 2Zba. 

.b. 



TTlaem, ubi ceci7>efiunr; -pi In -DUO YYlaeleaicT>in. beccan 
fiuimm quietus. 

]ct. lanaifi. (6 p., t. 2.) CCnno -Domim T>C. locx. un. 
(aliap uin.) YYlon.f Col^en mic "Pael1!>ei -plamn pe^f 
TVluman. *Oain,cill mac Cup.ei;ai eppcop $lmne "oa 
loca, Coman eppcop en.nann, paufanc. Insefvpeccio 
5enep.if_togy[i][Ln 1 'Gifiinn. 'Goinrpnamo fiex Ofp.ai|i. 
bellumT)uin loco, j bellum liacc TTloelam, 7 T>oifun> 
eilm-o. TTloifiif 1 T)tioft;o -pitu T)omnaiU. beltum 1 
Cala6|iof in quo uiccuf efn "Domnatl bfiecc. 

let. 1 anai p. (7 p., t. 13.) CCnno 7>omirn T)c. toccc. 
uin. Cfuief paeitbi abbacif 1ae. CennpaelaT) mac 
CCilelta mic baerann, papienf, paufauic. bellum 
Pnfnechra conqfia beicc mbaipce. T)on.miT:aT:io 
Weccam neift. "Domnall mac Suibni la htlUni 



]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omim "oc. Iccoc. ix. Colman 
benncaip paufau. lugulano "Piannarfila mic 
THaelecuile yiepf tagenopum. Caal mac Ro^ail- 
bellum Saxonum ubi ceciinc CCilmme 



1 Cul-Afaini. According to 
0' Donovan, Cuil-Maini (or Cuil- 
Maine), was the ancient name of the 
parish of Clonmany, in the north- 
west of the barony of Inishowen, co. 
Donegal. (Four Mast., A.D. 1499, 
note &.) But as there were other 
places of the name, it is not certain 
that the Cul-Maini above referred to 
was the Clonmany in Donegal. 

''Beccan Ruimm. Plainly so writ- 
ten in A. and B. But Clar. 49 in- 
correctly reads Ruinim, whilst O'Conor 

prints Beccan puim The 

Four Matters, who write the name 
"Becan Ruimind," state (675) that 
he died in Britain, on March 17th, 
which is his festival day in the 
Martyr, of Donegal. 



3 Slain. Clar. 49, and O'Conor 
following it, have " quievit" which is 
wrong. The Four Masters (at 676), 
state that " Tuaimsnamha " was slain 
by Faelan Seanchostol. Faelan Sen- 
chustul is in the list of Kings of the 
Ui-Cendselaig in the Book qfLeinster, 
p. 40, col. 1, where he is stated to 
have fought seven battles against the 
Ossorians, in the last of which Tuaim- 
snamha was slain. 

4 Battle in Calathross. This entry 
is quite out of place here, and should 
appear under the year 634 supra. 
The death of Domnall Brecc is re- 
corded above at the year 641, and 
again inaccurately at 685 infra. See 
Beeves' Adamnan, p. 202, note. 

Tailbhe Abbot of Hi from 669 






ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



131 



[677.] 



of Cul-Maini, 1 in which two sons of Maelaichdin were 
slain. Beccan Ruimm* rested. 

Kal. Jan. (Fricl., in. 2.) A.D. 677 (alias 678). The 
death of Colggu, son of Failbhe Flann, King of Minister. 
Daircill, son of Cureta, bishop of Glenn-da-locha, and 
Coman, bishop of Ferns, rest. Slaughter of the 
CmeULoarnn, in Tirlnn. Toimsnamho, King of Ossory, 
[slain.] 8 The battle of Dun-locha, and the battle of 
Liacc-Moelain, and the enslavement of Elend. The death 
of Drost son of Domnall. A battle in Calathross, 4 in 
which Domnall Brecc was vanquished. 

Kal. Jan. (Sat, m. 13.) A.D. 678. The repose of 
Failbhe, 5 abbot of la. Cennfaelad, 6 son of Ailill, son of 
Baetan, a wise man, rested. The battle of Finsnechta 7 
against Becc Bairche. The falling asleep of Nechtan 
Neir. Domnall, son of Suibne, dies by the Ulaid. 8 

Kal. Jan, A.D. 679. Colman, abbot of Bangor, rests. [679.] DM. 
The assassination of Fianamail, 9 son of Maeltuile, King 
of the Leinstermen. Cathal, son of Raghallach, dies. A 
battle of the Saxons, in which Ailmine son of Ossu 10 was 



[678.] 



to 679, and predecessor of Adamnan. 
Failbhe is mentioned above at the 
years 672, 675. 

6 Cennfaelad. This seems to have 
been the remarkable man who lost his 
" brain of forgetfulness" (inchind der- 
mata), through a wound received in 
the head, at the battle of Magh-Rath 
(A.D. 636, supra). See O'Donovan's 
ed. of the account of this battle, pub- 
lished by the Irish Archceol. Society 
(Dublin, 1842), p. 278, note e. 

''Battle of ' Finsnechta' (or 'Fin- 
achta.') The Four Masters (at the 
year 677) call this the battle of 
" Tailltiu " (now Teltown, co. Meath.) 

8 Dies by the Ulaid. " Killed by 
the northern men." Clar. 49. 

9 Fianamail. In the Ann. Four 



Mast. , at A.D. 678, Fianamail is stated 
to have been slain by one of his own 
people, at the command of Finachta 
Fledach. But in the list of Leinstcr 
Kings in the Book of Leinster (p. 31>, 
col. 2), Fianamail (the term of whose 
reign is given as 12 years), is stated 
to have been slain by the Ui-Cend- 
selaigh in the battle of Aife, or of 
Selga, in the fortuatha ("borders") 
of Leinstcr, or by one of his own 
people. In the Fragments of Irish 
Annals, the beginning of Fianamail's 
reign is erroneously entered under the 
year 679. 

10 Ailmine son of Ossu. ^Elfwine 
son of Oswy. See Anglo- Sax. Chron. 
at the year 679. 

K2 



132 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



quo 



pi Imp Oppu. Obpepio *0um baicre. "Ounchat) piliup 
euganam lugulacup epc. TYlopp maeleporaficais 
eppcoip CCp/o pn.ao. bellum 1 m-boDbpiu ubi ceci- 
oic Conalt oifi^nec. leppa spauipima m tlibenma 
que uocasup. bolgcach. 

}ct. lanaiji. CCnno T>omini T)C. Iccxx. Combupno 
pegum 1 11-7)1111 Ceicipnn .1. "Dunged mac Scannail 
iui^ne, ~j Cennpaelcro \iex Cianaccae, .1. mac 
111 11111:10 aefcacif, la Tmael-oum mac TTlaete- 
belluni btaifleib pofcea m 1111^10 hiemip, ni 

pc TTlaelDUin pbuf 
Conaill coil pin "Ouncha-oo 1 Ciunn 
Secnafais mic CCi|nneT)ai5 7 Conams mic 
Ob^effio -own poirep. 
]ct. 1 anai 11. CCnno 7>ommi T>C. tccjcx." 1. 
Cinnpaeta-o mic Colgen tiepp Conachc. beltum 
mojie maii line conqfia bfiiconef, ubi 
Carufac mac TTIaeleT)Uin pi Cpuirne, 7 UUxm pbuf 
T)icolla, 7 lusulano THuifimin m mano. Obicuf 
8uibne pi In TDaeleumai pifiincipif Cojicoi^i. Ojica-oef 
t>elecae f unc la bpuitje. 

]ct. lanain.. CCnno T>omini DC. Ixxac. 11. "OunchaT) 



1 Dun -Baltic. Not identified. Ap- 
parently the name of some place in 
Scotland. 

2 Bodbgna This was the name of 
a hilly district in the east of the pre- 
sent co. Roscommon. The name is 
still preserved in that of the well- 
known mountain Slialh-Badbgna 
(anglice, Slieve Bawne), in the barony 
of Roscommon. 

3 Conall Oirgnech. "Con&M the 
Plunderer." The Four Masters add 
that he was " Chief of the Cinel- 
Cairbre " (678). 

4 ' Bolffack.'-~ r he Irish name for 
the small-pox is bolgach beg, or "little 
bolgacli." 



* Dun-Ceithirnn. Now known as 
the " Giant's Sconce," in the parish of 
Dunboe, in the north of the co. Lon- 
donderry. 

6 Cruithni. The Cruithni (or 
Picts) of Ireland. 

7 Cianachta. The "Cianachta of 
Glenn-Gaimhin," whose territory is 
now represented by the barony of 
Keenaght, co. Londonderry. 

8 Bla-sliabh. Not identified. 

9 Cenn-tire. "Land's Head.'' 
Cantyre, in Scotland. 

10 Dun-Foither. Now known as 
"Dunnottar in the Mearns" (Scot- 
land), according to Skene. Chron. 



ANNALS OF ULSTEH. 



133 



slain. The siege of Dun-Baitte. 1 Dunchad, son of 
Euganan, was slain. The death of Maelfothartaigh, 
bishop of Ard-Sratha. A battle in Bodbgna, 8 in which 
Conall Oirgnech 8 was slain. A most severe leprosy 
in Ireland, which is called ' bolgach.' 4 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 680. Burning of the Kings in Dun- 
Ceithirnn, 8 viz., Dungal son of Scannal, King of the 
Cruithni, 6 and Cennfaelad, King of the Cianachta, 7 i.e., 
the son of Suibne, in the beginning of summer, by 
Maelduin son of Maelfitrich. The battle of Bla-sliabh 8 
afterwards, in the beginning of winter, in which Maelduin, 
son_pf Maelfitrieh, was slain. The killing of Conall 
Gael, son of Dunchad, in Cenn-tire. 9 The killing of 
Sechnasach, son of Airmedach, and of Conang, son of 
Congal. The siege of Dun-Foither. 10 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 681. The slaying of Cennfaelad, 11 
son of Colgu, King of Connaught. The battle of Rath- 
mor of Magh-Line 12 against Britons, in which fell Cathasach 
son of Maelduiu, King of the Cruithni, 13 and Ultan son 
of Dicuill ; and the killing of Murmin ' in mano.' u Death 
of Suibne, son of Maelduin, abbot of Corcach. 15 The 
Orkneys were destroyed by Bruide. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 682. Dunchad Mursce, 16 son of Mael- 



[080.] 



[681.] 



[682.] 



Picts and Scots. See the Index thereto, 
v. Dunfother. 

11 Cennfaelad. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (680) it is stated that Ceun- 
faeladh was slain after the house in 
which he was sheltered had been 
captured against him ; and that his 
slayer was one Ulcha Derg (" Red 
Beard ") of the " Conmaicne Cuile.'' 

lt Rath-mor of Magh-Line. Now 
Rathmore, par. of Donegore, bar. of 
Upper Antrim, co. Antrim. A place 
very famous in Irish history. See 
Lebor na hUidre, p. 133a; and 
Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq., p. 69, note *. 

"Cndthm. TheCruSthni (or Pints) 



Not the 



of Dalaraide in Antrim. 
Picts of Scotland. 

14 Murmin ' in mano.' Of the 
person called Murmin, or the addition 
' in mano,' the Editor is unable to M 9 y 

give any satisfactory explanation. 
Dean Reeves prints ' in manu.' 
Adamnan, p. 377. 

u Corcach. Cojvcoiji, the genit. 
form. Ware has no notice of this 
successor of St. Barra, or Finnbarr, 
founder of the Monastery of Cork. 

16 Dunchad Mursce In his ed. of 
these Annals, O'Conor ignorantly 
renders Mursce by " Dux maritimus." 
But the epithet Mursce means that 






134 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



mufipce pliup TYlael'ouib' lugutaruf epc. belLum 
Con.amT> in quo ceciT>en.unc Colgu pbup blaimaic 7 
Tpepsup mac TYlaele'ouin fiexsenenif Coip.pfii. Obfefio 
T)uin aw, 7 obfeffio T)uin T>uifin. 

pueyio^um m menfe Occimbpif. 

na Cn-deifte. 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno -oomini T)C. lxxx. in. 
uim. TTloyif TDami abbacif 

^ Foi. 2566. 7 mopf T)en.^o|i5aill. TYlo^f Concolinm. bellum 
Caiffil pmnbavp. Toch Gacac T>O -pouf> hi puil hoc 
anno. 

Jet. lanain.. CCnno ttomim T>C. lxxx. 1111. tlen^Uf 
'Cefip.emocuf m mfola. Saxon ef campum 
uapcanc, 7 aecclefiap pluynmaf, m menfe 1um. 
Congaile mic ^uai^rie, 7 mon.f bjiefail pin 



ct. lanaiji. CCnno 7>ommi TC. lacxoc. u. bellum 
7>uin "Mechcain tucipimo T)ie menpif TTlan pabbaci -Die 
Caecum epc, m quo 6r;pni mac On'U t^ex Saxonum, 
xu. anno fiegni pui confummaca magna cum caceyiua 



Dunchad (who was King of Con- 
naught) had lived, or been fostered, 
in the territory of " Muirisc," in the 
north of the present barony of Tire- 
ragh, co. Sligo. See O'Donovan's 
Hy Fiachrach, p. 314, note/ 

1 Dun- Alt. " Dunad, in the parish 
of Glassary in Argyle." Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 377, note b. 

2 Dun-Duirn. Dean Reeves thinks 
that this may be " Dundurn, at the 
east end of Loch-Earn in Perthshire " 
(Adamnan, p. 377, note c.) 

3 Of October. Occobfii, B. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 182, note a, in 
which the learned Editor, with 
characteristic industry, lias collected 
numerous references to the pestilences 
which prevailed in this country 
anciently. 



4 Craebh. Craebh-Laisre, or the 
"Tree of St. Lasair," a monastery 
said to have been near Clonmacnoise. 
See Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 208, 
note x. The site of the monastery is 
not now known. 

8 Of Noendruim, Clar. 49 reads 
"abb Aondromo," "abbot of Aon- 
druim." A very old hand, like that 
of Ussher, writes " Antrim " in the 
margin. But Nendrum (Mahee Is- 
laud, in Strangford Lough) seems to 
have been meant. See Reeves' Eccl. 
Antiqq., p. 149. 

6 Death. moixfxp, A. 

7 Loch Echach. Lough Neagh. 
The words hoc an no are omitted in B. 

9 In the Island. m inroLcc, A., B. 
111 inpula, Clar. 49. The Chron. 
Scot. (681=684) has m 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



135 



dubh, was slain. The battle of Corand, in which were 
slain Colgu son of Blathmac, and Fergus, son of Mael- 
duin, King of the Cinel-Coirpri. The siege of Dun-Att, 1 
and the siege of Dun-Duirn. 2 The beginning of the 
mortality of children, in the month of October. 8 The 
falling asleep of Airmedach of the Craebh. 4 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 683. Mortality of children. The [683.] BIS. 
death of Maine, abbot of Noendruim ; 5 and the death 6 of 
Derforgall. The death of Cucoluim. The battle of 
Caissel-Finnbair. Loch Echach 7 was turned into blood 
in this year. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 684. A great storm. An earthquake 
in the Island. 8 The Saxons wasted 9 Magh-Bregh, and 
several churches, in the month of June. The death of 
Conghal son of Guaire, and the death of Bresal, 10 son of 
Fergus, from disease. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 685. The battle of Dun-Nechtain 11 was 
fought on the 20th day of May, on Saturday, in which 
Etfrith, 18 son of Oswy, King of the Saxons, the 15th year 
of his reign being ended, 18 was slain, together with a great 



mrota (" in the Island of Ireland"), 
which seems more correct. 

9 Wasted. Under this year, the 
Anglo-Sax. Chron. states that " Ecg- 
ferth sent an army against the Scots, 
and Berht, his aldorman, with it ; 
and miserably they afflicted and 
burned God's churches." Thorpe's 
Translation, London, 1861. Ecgferth 
succeeded his father Oswy (whose 
obit is entered at A.D. 670 supra), 
as King of the Northumbrians. See 
Bede's account of the transaction, 
Eccl. But., Book 4, chap. 26. The 
death of Ecgferth (or Etfrith, as the 
name is there written), is entered 
under the next year in these Annals. 

10 Bresal. The Four Matters state 
(A.D. 683) that Bresal was chief of 
Cobha (or Ui-Echach-Cobha), now 



represented by the baronies of Iveagh, 
co. Down. Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq., 
pp. 348-352. 

11 Dun-Nechtain. " Nech tan's 
Fort." Supposed to be " the modern 
Dunnichen, which is situated in a 
narrow pass in the range of theSidlaw 
hills, which separate Strathmore from 
the plains of Forfarshire." Skene 
(Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref. cxix.) 

12 In which Etfrith. The "Ecg- 
ferth" of the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 
See note under preceding year. 
O'Conor, in hia ed. of these Annals 
(note 1, ad an.), wrongly observes 
that the words in quo are wanting in 
Clar. 49. 

13 i'ntfec/.-confummaca, in A., B., 
and Clar. 49. Probably a mistake 
for conpumrnaco, aa in Tigernach. 



[684.] 



13G 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



ption.um 

Ollaig. "Calon^s mac CCciraen, 7 "Domnatt bfiecc 
mac echac, mon^m func. 1 11511 tamo Tlomchcais 7 
mic pinnguine. TYlon.p banbam ofcac 



]ct. 



mane. 



CCnno -comim TDC. lxxx. ui. 
mic Congaile. Cftnep *0ocumaiconoc abbaciv 
loco. T)onmirar;io Rof f em abbanp CoficaiT>e 
TTlofif Offem epifcopi mono|Te|m Pnnnn pitn 
CC-Domnanuf cap^iuof tie-otixic a-o tlibep.- 



niam .lx. 

]ct. lanai^i. CCnno Domini T>C. Ixxcc. un. 
Segeni (o acaT> cLai-oib) epipcopi CCp.T)macae. Occifio 
Canonn piln afu;nai'&. pinfnech^a clepicacum 
Oetlum Imleco pic ubi ceci*oe^unT: "Dub- 
fiex CCfi-n-oa Cianacca, 7 titlafic[iiT>e nepop 
Offeni, 7 Congalac mac Con ai 115 
"Hialt mac Cejfinaig 



1 Tula-aman. The meaning of 
this is unknown to the Editor, who 
is unable to say whether it is the 
name of a person, or a term for some 
fiery element. O'Conor translates 
" Tula regalia " 1 

2 Dun-Ollalgh. Dunolly, in Argyll- 
shire. Referred to as Duin-onlaigh 
(in the genit. form), at the year 700 
infra, anil in the accus. form arcem 
ollaigh, at the year 733. The nomin. 
form, Dun-ollaigh, occurs at the year 
713. 

3 Domnatt Brecc. If this is the 
same Domnall Brecc referred to above 
at the years 641 and 677, as no doubt 
he is, there is much confusion re- 
garding him, not only in these Annals, 
but also in the Annals of Tigernach. 
See Rceyes' Adamnan, pp. 202-3. 



The Chron. Scot., at the year 682 
(=685), records the death of Domnall 
Brecc in nearly the same words 
as are used in the entry at 641 
supra. 

4 Banban Oscach The epithet 

oscach is possibly for os each, " beyond 
all." He is called " Banban egnaidh,' 
or " Banban the learned," at his 
festival da} r (9th May), in the Martyr, 
of Donegal, and " Banban sapiens '* 
in the Martyr, of Tallaght. In the 
Fragments of Annals, at 686, Banban 
is called " Scribe of Kildare." 

* Corcach-mor ; or the " Great 
marsh." Now known as Cork, in 
the south of Ireland, mctfve, gen. 
of mafi, " great," A. ; men fie, B. 

6 Finntan son of Finngulne. The 
Ann. Four Mast, (685), and the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



137 



multitude of his soldiers ; and Tula-aman J burned Dun- 
Ollaigh. 2 Talorg, son of Acithaeo, and Domnall Brecc, 
son of Eocha, died. The killing of Rothachtach, and of 
Dargairt, sons of Finnguine. The death of Banban 
' Oscach ' 4 the Wise. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 686. The killing of Feradach, son of 
Congal. The repose of Dochuma-Conoc, abbot of Glenn- 
da-locha. The 'falling asleep' of Rosseni, abbot of 
Corcach-mor. 5 The death of Osseni, bishop of the 
Monastery of Finntan son of Finnguine. 6 Adamnan 
brought back 60 captives 7 to Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 687. The repose of Segeni, from 
Achadh-claidib, 8 bishop of Ard-Macha. Murder of Cano, 
son of Gartnaid. Finsnechta 9 entered into religion. The 
battle of Imlech-Pich, 10 wherein fell Dubhdainbher, King 
of Ard-Cianachta, 11 and Uarcride 13 Ua Osseni ; and 
Congalach, son of Conang, escaped by flight. Niall, son 
of Cernach, 18 was victor. 



[686.J 






[687.] 



Chron. Scot. 683 (=687), state that 
Finntan (called Munnu) was the son of 
Tulcan. This Finntan was the founder 
of the monastery of Tech-Munnu, or 
Taghmon, co. Wexford. But Osseni 
is usually regarded as abbot of 
Clonenagh, Queen's co., with which 
Finntan (Munnu) was also con- 
nected. 

T Captives. In the Frag, oj Irish 
Annals, it is stated that these were 
" the captives whom the Saxons had 
carried off from Ireland," on the 
occasion, apparently, of the de- 
predation recorded above at the year 
684. 

Achadh-claidib The situation of 
this place, which would be translated 
"Sword-field," is uot known to the 
Editor. 



9 Finsnechta. Finnachta, King of 
Ireland. The Four Mast, say that 
Finnachta went " on his pilgrimage." 
His return to the kingship is men- 
tioned under the next year. 

10 Imlech-Pich. EmJagh, in a 
parish of the same name, bar. of 
Lower Kells, co. Meath. 

11 Ard-Cianachta. Now repre- 
sented by the bar. of Ferrard, co. 
Louth. 

12 Uarcride. The Four Mast, stata 
that Uarcride was King of Conaille- 
Miiirthcinnc, a district in the present 
co. Louth. 

13 Cernach. This is the Cernach 
[Sotal, or " the haughty "], son of 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Shiu<\ whose 
death is noticed at the year 663 
tvpra. 



138 



ccNMccloc ulorolv 



Ofionaij Conaitli ITTOIU, 
"Oeicbtp -ooaib tap n-Uaip,cpi'Oiu ; 
Mi ba ellniu biap gen 
1 n-CCipt> tap n-*Oubi>airibep. 

Sip,eccac, 

bponan pie pop, cip, 'CaiTJgs ; 
Cen "Oubctnle cen mac tn-Opam, 
Cen *Ou b-oambep, ap, aip-o. 

Sipechtrac, 

Sella pftia, lecc leacca, 

pa|i coin, ipap, milcoin, ^pap, mna, 

"OobuiD la payi n-eccp,aca. 

TDona ica-o -Dam amne, 
TTlac C|iunTiTnael TJO 
Roprif ^ota ocuf cp,o 
TTlo tiep, -DO mapb Imbtecho. 



/ 

- 



CCnno 7>omim -oc. lxxx. uiu. 1olan 
eppcop Cinn^apcrc obuc. pnpnechca fieuepcicup ai> 
pegnum. lugulcrcio T)iapmaT:o miT)i -pi In CCipme-Daig 
ceci. TDopp Ccrcupai^ nepocip "Domnmll bpicc. 
Obicup "Docinm "Daipe mupcaipi. TTlopp pepcroail mic 
Fol. 26aa. "Cuacalam. ffiop.pTTlaele'ouin mic Conaitl cpannamna. 
Obpcupaca epz; papp polip. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>C. txxx. ix. Congat 
mac TTlaeilmnn mic CCe'oo bennain, pex lapmuman, ~j 



1 Sad. The following stanzas, 
which are not in B., are written on 
the lower margin of fol. 25 b in A. 
The name of the author is not very 
legible ; butit looks like " Gabaircenn." 
The first stanza occurs in the Frag, 
of Irish Annals, at the year 686, 
where the authorship is ascribed to 
" Gabhorchenn." 

* Ard. Put for " Ard-Cianachta." 
The land of Tadhg. 'Cip. 



A Bardic name for the 
land of the sept which gave name to 
Ard-Cianachta, and which was de- 
scended from Tadhg, son of Cian, son 
of Oilill Oluim (King of Munster 
in the 2nd century). 

4 Cenngarath. Kingarth, in Bute, 
Scotland. 

& Returns to the kingship See the 

entry under last year regarding 
Finnachto. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



139 



Sad 1 are the Conailli this day. 
They have cause, after Uarcride. 
Not readier shall be tb sword 
In Ard, a after Dubhdainbher. 






Sorrowful, 

The grief that is in the land of Tadhg, 3 
Without Dubcuile, without Bran's son, 
Without Dubhdainbher over Ard. 8 

Sorrowful, 

To look at their stony graves 

To see your dogs, your grayhounds, your women, 

In the possession of your foes. 

If Crundmael's son had not healed 

My sorrow for me, truly, 

Of blood and gore my tears would be, 

For the dead of Imlech. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 688. lolan, bishop of Cenngarath, 4 
died. Finnachta returns to the kingship. 5 The killing of 
Diarmait of Midhe, son of Airmedach ' caech.' 6 Death 
of Cathasach, 7 grandson of Domnall Brecc. Death of 
Dochinni of Daire-murchaisi. 8 Death of Feradach, son 
of Tuathalan. The death of Maelduin, son of Conall 
Crannamhna. 9 Part of the Sun was darkened. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 689. Congal, son of Maelduin, son of [689.] 
Aedh Bennan, King of lar-Mumha, and Duinechaid son 



6 Airmedach ' caech,' i.e., Airme- 
dach "the blind." ceci, for caeci, 
A.,B. 

J Cathasach. This was Cathasach, 
the son of Domangart (si. 672 supra), 
who was sou of Domnall Brecc. 

8 Daire-murchaisi. O'Conor ab- 
surdly translates this " Monasterii 
Roboreti maritimi.' 1 The Four Mas- 
ters (688) write the name, and 
probably more correctly, " Daire- 
Bruchaisi," which O'Donovan identi- 



fies (note e, ad. an.) with " Derry- 
brughis, alias Killyman, in the county 
of Armagh." 

9 Maelduin, son of Conall Cran- 
namhna. Maelduin was the 14th 
King of the Scotch Dalriads. His 
father, Conall Crannamhna (whose 
obit is entered above at the year 659), 
was the 12th King of the same im- 
portant tribe, and son of the 8th 
King, Eochaidh Buidhe (ob. 628 
supra). 



140 



CCMNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



T)innecaiT3 mac Oip.c7)oi, yCCititl mac "Dun^aite Gitne 
mic 8cam>ail, 111511 Urci punr. Combupcio aip-oD TTlachae. 
fflopp "Pmguine ton^i 7 < pefiaT>ai| meir mic Klechrleicc ; 
7 Chobtai piba Canonn mopicup. T)obecoc Cluana 
aip-o-o paupauic. 1tifdnianuf mtnop pbtipConfcwnrmi 
anmp .cc. 

Jet. lanaip. CCnno 7)omini T>C. xc. Cponan mac 
u Chualne, abbap benncwp, obm:. T3heoT>opup epipco- 
pup bpiraamae qineuit;. "Oatpiaci popular 
Cpu^mu 7 Ulcu. pircealtac mac "plamn pex 
TTlaine mofiicufi. Uencuf magnuf .ocui. jet. 
quo-foam .111. ex -pamilia 1ae mepfir. 

"(ct. lanaip. (2 p., I. 7.) CCnno T>ormni -oc. cec. i. 
CCT)omnanup .xnn. anno pofc paupam pailBei aT> 
tlibefitnam peppr. Conca-5 epifcopuf mopicup. pep^up 
mac CCeDain p.exm COICIT) obnc. 1 11511 tacio TTlaeleT)it;)fiaiB 
mic euganain. tuna m fansumeum colopem m nacali 
uepp a e^. Obpepo T)um -oeauae -oibp. 



anci:i 



]cl. 
bib pex 



CCnno -nornim T>C. xc. 11. 

mopirup, 7 CCtphm mac 



mac 
Wecnn. 



I 0rcdoith. Probably the Orcdoitb, 
son of Sechnasach, whose death is 
noticed above, at the year 658. 

2 Dungal of Ellne. He was pro- 
bably the son of the Scannal referred 
to above, at the year 665, and was 
called " Dungal of Eilne" from a 
territory so called, in the present 
county of Antrim. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast., A.D. 557, note i. In the 
corresponding entry in the Chron. 
Scot., 686=689, Dungal's son, Ailill, 
is called King of the [Irish] " Crui- 
thne," or " Picts." His name occurs 
also in the list of Kings of Dalaraide, 
in the Book of Leinster, p. 41, col. 
6. 

3 Tall Or the " Long." 

4 Dobfaoc of Clualn-ard. Dobecoc 
was also called Mobe'coc, both being 



devotional forms of the name Becan. 
The church, anciently called Cluain- 
ard-Mobecoc, is now known, accord- 
ing to O'Donovan, as the old church 
of Kilpeacan, in the bar. of Clanwil- 
liam, co. Tipperary. (Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D. 689, note/.) This Becan 
is wrongly said to be of Cluain-Iraird 
(Clonard, co. Meath), in Tigernach 
(690), Four Mast. (687), and Frag, 
of Irish Annals (690). 

5 Justinian. This entry is some- 
what out of place, as Justinian the 
younger began to reign A.D. 685. 

6 Of Bangor [in Down]. benn- 
cinp,, A., B. 

7 Dalnata. " It is doubtful 
whether these were the people of 
Scotch or Irish Dalriada. The scene 
of their depredation was the territo- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



141 



of Orcdoith, 1 and Ailill. son of Dungal of Eilno. 2 son of 
Scannal, were slain. The burning of Armagh. The 
death of Finguine the Tall, 8 and of Feradach the Fat 
son of Nechtlecc ; and Coblaith daughter of Cano dies. 
Dobecoc of Cluain-ard 4 rested. Justinian 8 the younger, 
son of Constantino, [reigns] ten years. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 690. Cronan son of Ua Chualne, abbot [690.] 
of Bangor, 6 died. Theodore, bishop of Britain, rested. 
The Dalriata 7 spoiled the Cruithni and the Ulaid. Fith- 
chellach, son of Flann, King of Ui-Maine, dies. A great 
storm, on the 16th of the Kalends of October, over- 
whelmed some six persons of the community of la. 

Kal. Jan. (Mond., m. 7.) A.D. 691. Adamnan comes [691.] 
to Ireland in the fourteenth year 8 after the death of 
Failbhe. Conchad the bishop dies. Fergus son of Aedan, 
King of the Province, 9 died. The killing of Maeldith- 
raibh son of Eoganan. The moon was turned 10 into the 
colour of blood on the Nativity of St. Martin. The 
siege of Dun-Deavse dibsi. 11 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 692. Bruide son of Bili, King of [692.] 
Fortrenn, dies, and Alphin son of Nechtin. The death 12 of 



rics of the Cruithne and Ulidians, 

now the county of Down, and the 

southern half cf Antrim." Reeves' 

Adamnan, p. 377, note d. 

* Fourteenth year The Abbot 

Failbhe died on the 22nd March, 679. 

His death is entered above under the 

year 678=679. 

9 Fergus ton of Aedan, King of the 
Province. By "the Province," is 
meant Ulidia, generally designated in 
Irish Annals the coicvo, "fifth," or 
Province. The Four 3f asters (689, 
O'Doaovan's ed.) have " Fergus son 
of Lodan." The Frag, of It: Annals 
(G92) have " Fergus son of Aodhan." 
But the name in the list of " Kings 
of Ulad " in the Book of Leinster (p. 
41, col. 3) is " Oengus son of Aedan," 



who is stated to have reigned 16 
years. 

10 Was turned. Uep.ro ere. 
Omitted in A. 

11 Dun-Deac<e 'dibsi' This name 
must be corrupt, the last member 
thereof, ' dibsi,' being quite unintel- 
ligible. Dean Reeves thinks that 
" Dundaff," south of Stirling (Scot- 
land) may have been intended. Adam- 
nan, p. 378, note e. 

"Death. TTloixr, A. MS. B. has 
theabbrev. for "et" instead of mojxr, 
and makes the entry run on as a con- 
tinuation of the previous sentence, 
which ends with "Nechtin, in A. 
Clar. 49 does not exactly agree with 
A. or B. But the variations are of 
no importance. 



142 



uloroti. 



THopp Thpat; epipcopi pepnann, 7 bpan nepop j?aelaen 
fiex La^enennum mopcui punt;. Ceallach mac Honain 
moip. mopicup. bellum msep Oppaigi ocup 
in quo ceci'oit; paelcap nepop TTIaeleoT>pae. 
Foi. 26a&. CCmpng 7 mec Weill 7 fibopum boen-oo. 

T)oep5aips mic Pingume. bellum concpa [pilnim] 
panre. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim -oc. xc. 111. Cpon becc 
abbap Cluana mic tJl tsloip obnr;. beccpola epipco- 
pup quieuic. lugulamo Cepbaill mic TTlaeleo'Dpae. 
v Obpepio 'ouin porep. TYlopp Pepcaip mic Conaec 
cipp. "Domnall mac CCtrin pex CClocluare mopicup 
Tlui-openi campi bile quieuit;. Obicup Cponam 
balm. 

]ct. lanaip. (ui. p., luna x.) CCnno -oomim T)C. xc. 
1111. pmpneachT:a pex "Cempo 7 bpepal piliup eiup 
i5Ulat;i punc (ag ^peallaig T)oUai5) apu-o (aliap ab) 
CGe-5 mac T)lumi (mic CCilella mic CCe'Da plaine) 
7 a Congalac mac Conams (mic Con^aile mic CCe-oa 
plaine). 



1 Of the Leinstermen. Lugenen- 
ciam, A. 

2 Died. moficui f unc, for mofv- 
cuur ere, in A. Omitted in B. 

3 Dies. TTIOKX, for mop,icuifi, or 
moficuup epc, A. moyxcui f unc, 
B. 

4 Grandson of Maelodar (or Maelo- 
dhary. Faelchar was son of Forandal, 
son of Maelodhar, son of Scanlan 
M6r (King of Ossory ; whose obit 
the Four Mast, give under A.D. 
640). 

4 Ainftech Nieth-Neill Boenda. 
The bearers of these names have 
not been identified by the Editor. 

6 Doergart. Apparently the Dar- 



gart son of Finnguine, whose killing 
(" Jugulatio ") is noticed above at the 
year 685. This Finnguine may have 
been the same as Finghin, fourth in 
descent from Conall (son of Com- 
ghall), 6th King of the Scotch Dal- 
riads. See Reeves' Adamnan, GeneaL 
Table of Dalriadic Kings. 

7 Against [the son of~\ Penda. 
concp,a perroa, A., B., and Clar. 
49. But Penda had been at this time 
thirty-eight years dead. (See at the 
year 655, supra). The Chron. Scot. 
(689) more correctly reads concficc 
plium penT>cc (" against the son of 
Penda.") This son of Penda must 
have been ^Ethelred, who succeeded to 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



143 



[G93.] 



Dirath, bishop of Ferns, and Bran grandson of Faelan, 
King of the Leinstermen, 1 died. 2 Cellach, son of Ronan 
Mor, dies. 3 A battle between the Osraighi and the 
Leinstermen, in which fell Faelchar, grandson of 
Maelodar. 4 The killing of Ainftech, 5 and of Nieth- 
Neill, 5 and of the sons of Boenda. 5 The death of 
Doergart," son of Finguine. A battle against [the son 
of] Penda. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 693. Cron Becc, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
Nois, died. Beccfhola, a bishop, rested. The killing of 
Cerbhall, son of Maelodar. The siege of Dun-Fother. s 
Death of Ferchar, 9 son of Connadh Cerr. Doranall, son 
of Auin, 10 King of Al-Cluaith, dies. Huidreni of Magh- 
bile, rested. The death of Cronan of Balna. 11 

Kal. Jan. (Frid., m. 10.) A.D. G94. Finsnechta, 12 
King of Tara, and Bresal his son, were slain (at Grellach- 
dollaigh 13 ), by 14 Aedh, son of Dluthach (son 13 of Ailill, son f Y e $ 
of Aedh Slane), and by Congalach, son of Conang (son 1 
of Congal, son of Aedh Slane). 



LC94.] 



the Kingship of the Mercians in G75, 
on the death of his brother, Wulfhere. 
But the last battle ^Ethelred is stated 
to have fonght was a battle against 
King Ecgferth of North uinbria, in 
C79 (Anglo-Sax. Chron.) In this 
case, the above entry is somewhat out 
of place. See Lappenberg's England 
under the Anglo-Saxon Kings. 
(Thorpe's Transl.), London, 1845, vol. 
i., p. 291. 

6 Dun Father. See above, at the 
year 680. 

9 Ferchar. lie was the 10th King 
of the Scotch Dalriads. 

10 Auin. See a note on this name, 
under the year 641 supra. 

' Balna. Now Balla, bar. of Clan- 
morris, co. Mayo. 



12 Finsnechta, i.e., Finnachta. An 
old hand has added pte-oac (" the 
Festive,") in the margin in A. 

13 At Grellach-Dollaiffh O'Dono - 
van thought this the place now called 
Girley, two miles to the south of 
Kells, co. Meath. Ann. Four Mast., 
A.D. 693, note q. The name of the 
place is twice added in A., firstly, 
a ngfieatlaij; T>ollai5 (" in Greal- 
lach-Dollaigh") over the name of 
Finsnechta, and again, 05 gjxeaL' 

laig T>ollais (" at G D "), 

over the words pliup eiup. 

"By apu-o, aliaf ab, in A. 
ab, in B. 

l *Son. The original of these clauses 
is interlined in A. and B. 



144 



CCMNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



TYlolmj; local p, cecmic ; 
Oa 'oipr-an -DO 



ftambe la pip,u mme, 
ma boriaime ; 



1n bepn poppnbic pmpnecca 



CCeD toich sepifa "oo caiU, 
CCrofpolaic nippiaT>ai. 

Occipio / Caii>35 mic paelbei m tialle pellip. Cfuiep 
TThnnbaipenn abbacip CCchaiT) bo. ^anniDe Ltismai-o 
T>opmuii-. 111opp Opain mic Conaill bice. "Cornnat; 
uxop pepcaip mopicup. Hlopp Conaill piln "Cuacail. 
.b. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)ommi 'oc. xc. u. lugulano 
TDomnaill piln Conaill cpanDamnai. pinnguine mac 
camp pine macpe, pex TTIuman, mopicup. 
CCi'one eu piannaniail mac TTlennaic 
Loceni menu papienp, abbap Cille "oapa, HJ^uLaru]^ epc. 
Ctimmene TYItisDoprie panpar. Congalach mac Conain^ 
piln Congaile piln CCei>o plane mopicup. Loingpec 
mac CCengupa pepiape mcipir. 

JCI. lanaip. CCnno -oomini T)C. xc. ui. "Capacin -oe 
pej;no expulpup epc. pepcap poca mopicup. CC-oom- 



1 Moling Lochair (or Moling 
I.uachra), founder, and patron, of 
Tech-Moling, or St. Mullin's, co. 
Carlow. The stanzas following, not 
in B., are written in the lower margin 
of fol. 2Ca in A., with a mark of 
reference to their place in the text. 

2 ' Borama.' A large tribute ex- 
acted by the Kings of Ireland from 
the Leinstermen, from the time of 
King Tuathal Techtmar, in the second 
century, to the time of Finnachta. 
The circumstances attending the im- 
position of the Borama, and the 
way in which St. Moling succeeded 
in obtaining its remission from King 



Finnachta, form the subject of a long 
tract in the Book ofLeinste>\ p. 294S,s<?. 

8 Aed. The original text seems 
corrupt, and therefore difficult of 
translation. 

4 Glenn-gaiinhin. Or " Glenn- 
geimhin." 1n ualle petlip, A. B. 
" Vallis pellis " is au accurate trans- 
lation of the name Glenn-geimhin, 
which was the old name of the vale 
of the River Roe, near Dungiven 
(Dun-geimhin), in the county of 
Londonderry. 

6 Miniibairenn. - The name is 
" Meann Boirne" (Meann of Boirend), 
in tlie Ann, Four Mast. (G93). 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



145 



Moling Lochair 1 sang : 

It were sad for Finsnechta 
To lie to-day in his gory bed. 
May he bo with the men of Heaven, 
For the remission of the ' Borama.' 2 

The gap in which Finsnechta was slain 
Round which kingly cavalcades would ride 

Aed 3 

Since it has hidden him, he'll not ride over it 

The killing of Tadhg, son of Failbhe, in Glenn-gaimlun. 4 
The repose of Minnbairenn, 5 abbot of Aehadh-b6. 
Gaimide of Lugmadh slept. Death of Bran, son of 
Conall Becc. 7 Toinnat, wife of Ferchar, 8 dies. Death 
of Conall, son of Tuathal. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 695. The assassination of Domnall, 9 [695.] BIS. 
son of Conall Crandamna. Finnguine, son of Cu-cen- 
mathair, 10 King of Munster, dies. Fergal of Aidhne," and 
Fiannamhail, son of Mennach, died. Loclieni Menn, the 
Wise, abbot of Kildare, was slain. Cummene, of Mug- 
dorna, rests. Congalach, son of Conang, son of Congal, 
son of Aedh Slane, dies. Loingsech, son of Aengus, begins 
to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 696. Tarachin 12 was expelled from the 
kingship. Ferchar the Tall 13 dies. Adam nan proceeded 



[G9G.] 



6 Lugmadh. Now Louth, in the 
county of the same name. 

' Conall Becc; i.e., "Conall the 
Little." 

8 Wife of Ferchar. Apparently 
the Ferchar, son of Conad Cerr (King 
of the Scotch Dalriads), whose death 
is entered under the preceding year. 

9 Domnall This was Domnall 

Donn (or " Brown Domuall "), 13th 
King of Dalriada. 

10 Cu-cen-mathaii: " Canis sine 
matre." His death is recorded under 
the year CG4 supra. 



11 Fergal of Aidhne He was King 
of Connaught, and grandson of 
Guaire Aidhne, whose obit is given 
above at the year GG2. 

'- Tarachin King of the Picts of 
Scotland. Referred to under the form 
' Tarain " at the year G98. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 134, note a. 

13 Ferchar the Tall. Or " Ferchar 
the Long " (peificayx poca). Fercliar 
was the first Prince of the House of 
Loarn who became King of the 
Dalriads, having succeeded to the 
position on the c'eath (in G88, supra) 



146 



tiloroti. 



nanupa-ohibepmam peppcec Tie-on: legem mnocenrium 
popubp. Gchu nepop "Oomnaill lusulacup eft:. TTIael- 






mac TTlael'DUiB pex na n-CCipsialla mopicup. 
Immapecc Cpannchae ubi cecmit; epaT>ac mac 
Foi. 2Gba. TT)aeleT>oi. bellum mlcon. Gcompap mac Con^aile 
mic uaipe msuUrctip epr. moling tochaip T>opmiuic. 
bpiconep ec UHai-o uapcauepunc campum ftlutfwetmne. 
Caff an pcpiba o tupca quieuic. lugulauio Concot>o. 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno T)omini -oc. ccc. un. beltum i 
Peyinnmuis ubi ceci'oefunc Concobof. ITlachae mac 
TTlaele'DUin ocup CCe-o aipT)T) pex-oail CCp,aiT)e. bettum 
mcep. Saxonep eu PICCOV ubi ceciT)iT; bep.niu qui T)ice- 
bacup, bpeccpi-D. Combupno T)uin Onlaig. Occpulpio 
CCmpceLtaig pitn "Pepcaip T>e pe^no, ec umcnup a-o 
Tlibepmam uechicup. TTlopp popannam abbauip Cilte 
"oapo, ocup TTlaele'DUin mic TTlonsain. TYlopp TTluip- 
?;iupa mic tnaele-DUin, pegip genepip Coipppi. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -comim "oc. xc. um. bouina 
pcpagep 111 Saxoma. beltum pannamla mic Oppeni. 
'Capam aT) mbepmam 



of Maelduin, son of Conall Crannamna, 
(14th King of Dalriada), and the last 
King of the line of Fergus Mor Mac- 
Erca. second King of Dalriada. 

1 Law of the Innocents. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 179. The Frag, 
of Annals, at G98, state the law was 
against killing children or women. 

*Echu. Ouchcc, B. " Eucha," 
Clar. 49. 

8 Crannach, i.e. " a place full of 
trees." Not identified. The word 
immaifiecc (translated "conflict") 
is rendered by " Scirmish " in Clar. 49. 

* Battle, of Uilcon.bael- (for 
bellutn) A- For thlcon, Clar. 49 
has Ulcor. O'Conor prints Julcon, 
and thinks there is something omitted. 
The Editor cannot explain the entry. 

6 Congal The death of a J 



" Conghal, son of Guaire," is entered 
above at the year 684. 

e MolliKj Lochair. See under the 
year G94 supra. 

7 Cassan. This is the same as the 
" Caisin " of the Four Masters (at the 
year 695). See Colgan's Ada 
Sanctorum, p. 781. 

8 Cucolha. "The hound of Cobha.'' 
Probably some chieftain of the race 
of Eochaidh Colha, from whom the 
tribe of Ui-Echach-Cobha derived 
their descent. See Reeves' EccL 
Antiqq., p. 349. 

9 FernmagJi. Now represented by 
the barony of Farney, co. Monaghan. 
The Four Masters state (696) that 
this battle was fought in " Tuloch- 
Garroisg " in Fernmagh, which place 
has uot beea identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



147 



to Ireland, and gave the ' Law of the Innocents n to the 
people. Echu, 2 grandson of Domnall. was slain. Mael- 
fothartaigh, son of Maeldubh, King of the Airgbialla, 
dies. The conflict of Crannach;'' in which fell Feradacb, 
son of Maeldoith. The battle of Uilcon. 4 Ecomras, son 
of Congal, 5 son of Guaire, was slain. Moling Lochair 
slept. The Britons and Ulidians devastated Magh- 
Muirthemhne. Cassan, 7 scribe of Lusk, rested. The 
murder of Cucobha. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 697. A battle in Fernmagh, 9 in which 
Conchobar of Macha, son of Maelduin, and Aedh Aird, 10 
King of Dal-Araide, were slain. A battle between 
Saxons and Picts, in which fell Bernith, who was 
called Brectrid. 11 The burning of Dun-Ollaigh. 12 The 
expulsion of Ainfcellach, 13 son of Ferchar, from the king- 
ship, and he was carried 11 in chains to Ireland. The 
death of Forannan, abbot of Kildare ; and of Maelduin, 
son of Mongan. The death of Muirges, son of Maelduin, 
King of Cinel-Coirpri. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 698. A mortality of cows in Saxon- 
land. 15 The battle of Fiannamail son of Osseni. Tarain 10 
proceeds to Ireland. 



12 Burning ofDun-OUiayh. Cotn- 
bufrji -Diun Onlaig, A. The name 
of Dunolly (see note under the year 
G85 supra) is also written TiiTiii On- 
taij, in the genit. case, at the year 
700 infra. 

13 Ainfcellach. The son of Ferchar 
Fota (or " Ferchar the Tall.") He 
was of the House of Loarn Mor, and 
17th King of the Scotch Dalriads. 
The death of Ainfcellach, in the battle 
of Finn-glenn, is recorded under tho 
year 718 infra. See under the years 
733 and 735. 

14 Carried. uechictifi, B. Vehi- 
tur, Clar. 49. 

14 Saxon-land. Saxonia. England. 
10 Tarain. Apparently the Tara- 

L2 



Aird. " Acdh of Ard." 
" High Hugh," Clar. 49. The name 
is written Aedh Alredh in the Ann. 
Four Mast. (GOG), and Aed Airech 
vel [yled] Ared, in the list of the 
Kings of Dalaraide in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 41, col. 5), where Aed is 
stated to have been slain in the battle 
of Fernmag. The entry of this 
battle in the Frag, of Annals (G97) 
is very inaccurate. 

11 Bernith, who was called Brectrid. 
The " Berctus," or " Behrt," who 
wasted the plain of Bregia in G84. 
See above under that year. The 
Ar.glo-Sax. Chron. has the death of 
" Leorht the aldorman" at the year 
C99 (Thorpe's Translation'). 



t>93 



[697.] 






[G98.] 



arf-.K. 



JL 7 



148 



uloroli. 



]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -Domini T>C. xc. ix. 
bouma mofuxxbcap 111 hiben.nm 1 ]ct. ebn.ui m campo 
'Cn.ego 1 'Gecbai. Quiep CCeiio anchon.ice o Sleibciu. 
T)on.miT;aT;io 1an.ntai abba?:ip Lip moifi. pannamail 
nepof "DunchaDO, |iex T)at p.iar;i, ocuf plann mac 
Cin'opaela'D mic Suibne, lUguUrci -punt:. CCu^uite 
nepof Cfumnmail T>e fiegno expulfiif m On.icanmam 
peyigiu. "Pamef ei: pefdlencia .111. anmp m hibefima 
pacca epr, uc homo hominem comei)e|iec. ptann albup 
mac TTlaeteouile .1. -oe seneyie Gugam, nepof Cyiunnmail 
(.1. mic Suibne mniT)) mofimifi. 

]ct. 1anai]i. CCnno TDommi T)CC. bouma mon.t;ati- 
caf. Colman guae Oific, Cealtac mac TDaetefiacho 
epfcop, T)iccuill abbap CLuana auif, moficui 
Foi. 2G66. CCibll mac Con cen maraifi p.ex TDuman 

peiDetmiT> mac pen^iiya mic CCe-oam moincuti. 

Urcio CCe-oo Oi)bae. CCeT> mac "Dluchaig, Cental mac 

Ouganam, moprtn punc. Imbaijiecc 1 Sen ubi ceci- 



chin, whose expulsion from the king- 
ship [of the Picts of Scotland], is 
mentionel at the year GOG supra. 

*Aedh O 'Donovan says (Four 
Mast., A.D. G98, note 6), that " this 
was the Aiclus of Sleibte [Sleaty, bar. 
of Slievemargy, Queen's county], 
mentioned in Tirechan's Annotations 
on the Life of St. Patrick, preserved 
in the Book of Armagh." 

2 lamlach, Skene copies this entry 
(Chron. Picts and Scots, p. 352), under 
the impression that larnlach was 
abbot of Lismore in Scotland. But 
Colgan regarded him as connected 
with Lismore, in the co. Waterford, 
and the same as the larlugh whose 
festival is given at the 1 6th January, 
in the Martyr, of Donegal. (AA, 
SS., p. 155.) 

3 Fiannamall Da Dunchada. " F. 
descendant of Dunchad.'' Probably 



the same as the " Fiannamail son of 
Osseni," mentioned under the preced- 
ing year. 

4 Dal-Rlata. The Irish Dal-Eiata, 
or Dalriads. 

5 Flann. The Four Mast, state 
(A.D. G98), that Flann had been 
chief of the Cinel-Eoghain. 

6 Kinyxhip. The kingship, or 
chieftaincy, of the Cinel-Eoghain. 

7 Suibne Mend. The death 'of 
Suibne Mend (or Suibhne Mcnn), 
who had been king of Ireland, is re- 
corded above at the year G27. This 
clause, added by way of gloss in A., 
is not in B. ; but it is in the text of 
Clar. 49. 

8 Mortality of Cows. " Bovina 
adhuc mortalitas," Clar. 49. 

9 Colman Ua Oirc, i.e., " Colman, 
grandson (or descendant) of Ore. 
The Four Masters (at A.D. 700) call 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



149 



Kal. Jan. A.D. C99. A cow mortality broke out in [G99.] me. 
Ireland, on the Kalends of February, in Magh-Trega in 
Tethba. The repose of Aedh, 1 anchorite, of Sleibhte. 
The falling asleep of larnlach, 2 abbot of Lis-mor. Fian- 
namail Ua Dunchada, 8 King of Dal-Riata, 4 and Flann, 8 
son of Cennfaeladh, son of Suiblme, were slain. Aur- 
thuile, grandson of Crunnm.'iel, having been expelled from 
the kingship, 6 goes into Britain. A famine and plague 
prevailed during three years in Ireland, so that man 
would eat man. Flann Finn, son of Maeltuile, i.e., of 
the Cinel-Eoghain, grandson of Crunnmael (i.e., son of 
Suibne Mend), 7 dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 700. A mortality of cows. 8 Colman [700.] 
Ua Oirc, 9 Cellach son of Maelracha, a bishop, [and] 
Dicuill, 10 abbot of Cluain-eois, died. Ailill, son of Cu-cen- 
mathair, 11 King of Munster, dies. Feidelmidh, son of 
Fergus, son of Aedhan, 12 dies. The assassination of Aedh 
Odbha. 13 Aedh, son of Dluthach, 14 [and] Congal, son of 
Eoganan, died. A conflict in Scii 15 , in which Conaing, son 



him Colman Ua hEirc (" C. grandson 
or descendant) of Ere," and state that 
he was abbot of Cluain-Iraird 
(Clonard in Meath.) The Martyr of 
Donegal has his festival at Dec. 5. 

10 Dicuill. O'Conor, in a note on 
this ecclesiastic (ad an.) says that this 
was the author of the well-known 
work De Mensura Orbis Terra;. But 
this work was not written before 825. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 169, note. 

11 Cu-cen-mathalr. Lit. " Mother- 
loss Hound." His obit is entered 
above at the year GG4. 

12 Aedhan. This was possibly Aed- 
han, son of Mongan, son of Fiachna 
Lurgan (King of Ulad). See note 7, 
at the year G24 supra, and Book of 
Leinnter, p. 535, col. 7. The death 
of Aedhan, son of Mongan, is entered 
above at the year Gl 5, where he is 
said to have been King of Dalaraide. 



t3 Aedh Odbha. " Aedh of Odbha." 
Regarding the situation of Odbha, see 
0' Donovan's Four J/*<., A.M. 3502, 
note t. 

n Aedh son of Dluthach. Sec above 
under the year G94, where Aedli is 
mentioned as one of the persons en- 
gaged in killing King Finachta. 

15 A conflict in Scii. Imbatjxecc 
1 Sen. Dean Reeves translates this 
" bellum navale" (Adamnan, 378), 
and Skene "Water battle " (Chron. 
Plcts and Scots, p. 353). Both were 
no doubt misled by O'Conor, who 
wrongly prints Imbairecc iscu, and 
translates " pnclium navale,'' con- 
founding the words i pen ("in Skye") 
with tnpce, the Irish for " water." 
The name of Skye is written "Scia" 
in Adamnan (lib. i., cap. 33). See 
Reeves' ed., p. 62, note b. 



CCNMCClCC 



Conamg mac "Otmchcroo ec pibuf CuanT>ai. 
no 7>tnn Ontai| aptn> Sealbac. 
Cabo. 1 11511 Uncio Conaill mic Stnbne 
na n-T)eifi. Conall mac T)onennai5 yiex ne|iot;um 
Pinnsenci mop.icufi. Occifio "Neill mic Cep-nai^. 
1jij;alac nepof Conaing occiT>it; ittum. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno T)omini T>cc.i. TYltnp,eT>ac campi 
CCi (abaf multac leacan, mac 
Ifi^alac nepof Conam^ a b 
m infi mac "Mefan. paotDobofi Ciocai|i 
TDaccma |iex neporum Gcrac tltar;, CCibll mac dnn- 

pex Ciarmachca, mopi:ui -punc, ocuf 
, ocuf Colg^u mac TYloenai^ abbap Lufcan, 
Luac 120151)6 ocuf Ciiaceppaif, -papiencef, 

T3ibe|\uif cepap, anmf .1111. p-egnauiT:. 
jet. lanaip,. CCnno -Domini TCC. 11. betlum campi 
m aip,7)7> nepo^um n-ecT>ai5, mcep tllcu ec 
ubi pibuf Ra-Dgamn ceci-mr, 



1 Dunchad. Probably Dunchad, 
son of the Conaing, son of Aedhan, 
whose death by drowning is entered 
at the year 621, supra. The death 
of Dunchad (or Duncath, as the name 
is also written), is noticed above at 
the year 653. 

2 Dun-Ollaigh. Dunolly, near 
Oban, in Scotland. This place is 
mentioned at the years 685, 697, 
supra, and at 713, 733, infra. 

3 By. ccpun. Used also in *he 
same sense at the year 713. 

4 Selbach Son of Ferchar Fada 
(of the House of Loarn), 15th King of 
Dalriada, whose death is entered 
above under the year 696. On the 
death of his brother, Ainfcellach, in 
719, Selbach succeeded to the king- 
ship. 

6 Of the Ctnel-Cathbotha ^ene- 
txif catbot. Cinel-Cnthbotha (or 



Cinel-Cathbaid) was the tribe -name 
of the descendants of Cathbad, grand- 
son of Loarn Mor, 1st King of the 
Scotch Dalriads. 

6 Ui-Fidgenti. For piDgenci, A. 
and B. incorrectly read pinn^enci 
(which would mean " Fair Gentiles," 
and was the name applied by the Irish 
to one class of the Norse invaders of 
Ireland). For the situation and history 
of the Ui-Fidgenti, see O'Donovan's 
Four Masters, note m, at A.D. 1178. 

7 Niall, son of Cernack. The Four 
Masters (699) have Nial Ua Cear- 
naiyli ("Niall, grandson of Cernach"), 
which is probably wrong. The Niall 
here referred to was seemingly the 
Niall, son of Cernach, mentioned 
above at the year 687 ; the death of 
whose father, Cernach [Sotail], is 
entered under 663, supra. 

8 IrgaJach Ua Conaing. "Irgalach, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



151 



of Dunchad, 1 and the son of Cuanna, were slain. The 
destruction of Dun-Ollaigh 8 by 8 Selbach.* The killing of 
the Cincl-Cathbotha. 5 The assassination of Conall, son 
of Suibhne, King of the Desi. Conall, son of Donennach, 
King of the Ui-Fidgenti, 6 dies. The killing of Niall, 
son of Cernach. 7 Irgalach Ua Conaing 8 killed him. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 701. Muiredach of Magh-Ai (alias 
' mullach leathan,' 9 son of Fergus), dies. Irgalach 10 Ua 
Conaing was slain by Britons, in Inis-mac-Nesan. 11 
Faeldobhar, of Clochar, slept. Maccnia, King of Ui- 
Echach-Ulad, [and] Ailill son of Cennfaeladh, King of 
Cianachta, died ; and Garbhan of Midhe, and Colgu son 
of Maenach, abbot of Lusk, and Luath-foigde, and 
Crach-erpais, sages, died. Tiberius 12 Caesar reigned seven 
years. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 702. The battle of Magh-Culind in 
Ard-Ua-nEchach, 13 between Ulidians and Britons, in 
which fell the son of Radhgann [the enemy 14 ] of God's 



descendant (or grandson) of Conaing." 
The Four Masters (G99) state that 
Irgalach was " son of Conaing," as in 
the Fray, of Irish Annals (A.n. 700, 
702). In the latter authority, at the 
year indicated, some very curious 
particllars are given regarding this 
remarkable character, and his strange 
contest with Adamnan. See also 
Reeves' Adamnan, pp. liii., liv., 179. 
Irgalach's death is entered under the 
next year ; and his son, Cinaeth, is 
mentioned at 723. 

'> ' Mullach leathan.' This nick- 
name signifies "of the broad crown ;" 
or " latus vertex." The clause is not 
in B., or in Clar. 49. 

10 Irgalach. See note 8 . 

11 Jnis-mac-Nesan. " The Island 
of the sous of Nesan." The old name 
of Ireland's Eye, near Howth, co. 
Dublin. 



> 2 Tiberius Tiberius Absimarus, 
Emperor of the East from 698 to 705. 
u 3fagh-CvKd, in Ard-Ua-nEcftach, 
Magh-Culind has not been identi- 
fied. Ard-Ua-nEchach (" the height 
of the Ui-Echach ") was probably the 
name of a district in the present 
baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, 
co. Down, which represent the Ui- 
Echach-Ulad (or "descendants of 
Eocha of Ulster"). 

11 The enemy. The word crouefi- 
rctfViuf , which seems to have been 
omitted in A., B., and Clar. 49, occurs 
in the Chron. Scot, (at G99), and in the 
Frag, of Annals (703). The name of 
Rathganu (or Radgimd, as it is written 
in the Fray, of Ann.) is omitted in the 
Chron. Scot. O'Conor, with his usual 
inaccuracy, prints in place of the 
above clause, " Ecclesiarum Dei 
fVindicatores] Ulait victores erant." 



1702.] 






152 



CCMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 









aecclepiapum T)ei. Ulai uicconep epanc. bettum 
Cop.amn, m quo ceci-oepunc Lomgpec mac Oen^upa 
micT)omnaill mic(eTk^ic(Xinmin.each,p.exhibepnie, 
cum cpibup pilup puip (.1. la Cealtach loca Cime mac 
), ec -DUO piln Golden, e-c TJub-oibepss mac 
ec pepgup popcpaic, ec Cental gabpa, ec 
cerepi mulm "oucep; 1111. IT>. 1utn, ui. a hopa T>iei pabbaci 
hoc bellum conpeccum epc. Colman mac pnnbapp., 
abbap Lif moip., moiacuuf efr. CCilen Tiamgen 
mac TTlaetcon moticuup 



.b. }ct. lanaiji. CCnno T)omini T>CC. 111. Sqiasep T)al 
Riaii:i in ualte bmnae. CC'oomnanuf .locx. un. anno 
aecanf fue, abbaf 1ae, paufac. CClT>pfii mac OffU, 
f apienf, |iex 8axonum, mot\iT;u^. bellum pop. Cloenac 
ubi uici:op. pine Ceallac Cualann, m quo ceciTJit; 
boT)bca6 TTliT)e mac TDepmaco. Pocaprach nepop 
Cepnai pupc. "Pepa-oac mac TnaeleDUin pex genepip 
toegaipe ceci-oic. 

Foi. 27aa. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CC. 1111. Cennpaela-b 
nepop CCefio bpicc, abbapbenncaip, T>opmiebar;. bellum 



1 Corann. Another account of this 
battle is added, in an old hand, on the 
lower margin of fol. 26 b, in A. : 
Cat Cofxaitroin quo cecfoic Lom5- 
pec mac Oen^u^a, fii &yxenn, cum 
pilii'p puip, j |\1 Caiyiptn 
cbat5, j jxi .Ti. Conailt 
5abp,a, -] .x. p.15 "DO irnjaib 6p.eiin 
iTTiaitle yiiu pem, hi clx>inpim5 
Tn CUTD Oenaig toga m^ Cinel 
Conaitt -] Connachca. Cellach 
Cime mac Rajattaig mic tlacach, 
|\,1 Connachc [ ]. 

''The battle of Corand in which 
fell Loingsech, son of Oengus, King 
of Ireland, with his three sons, and 
the King of Cairpri of Drium-cliabh, 
and the King of Ui-Conaill-Gabhra, 
and ten kings of the kings of Ireland 



along with them. In Cloenfind, at the 
head of Oenagh-Logha [it wasfought], 
between the Cinel-Conaill and Con- 
naughtmen. Cellach Cime, son of 
Raghallach, son of Uata, King of 
Connaught [ ]." A few 

words have been cut off by the binder. 

2 Saturday. The criteria above 
given indicate that the true date of 
the battle of Corann was A.D. 704, 
when the 4th of the Ides (or 12th) 
of July fell on a Saturday. See 
O'Flaherty's Ogygia, p. 432. 

3 Ailen-dainyen. This name would 
signify "a strong island," or the 
"island of two daughters" (Ailen- 
da-iryen). It has not been identified. 
Its destruction is recorded at the 
year 713 infra. 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



153 



churches. The Ulidians were victors. The battle of 
Corann, 1 in which were slain Loingsech, son of Oengus, 
son of Domnall, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, King of 
Ireland, together with his three sons, (i.e., by Cellach of 
Loch-Cime, son of Raghallach), and two sons of Colgu, 
and Dubhdiberg son of Dungal, and Fergus Forcraith, 
and Conall Gabhra, and many other chieftains. On the 
4th of the Ides of July, at the 6th hour of Saturday, 3 
this battle was fought. Colman, son of Finnbarr, abbot 
of Lis-mor, died. Ailen-daingen 3 is built. Fergussan, 
son of Maelcon, died. The siege of Rithe. 4 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 703. Slaughter of the Dal-Riata in [703.] BIS 
Glenn-Limna. 5 Adamnan, abbot of la, rests in the 77th 
year of his age. Aldfrith the Wise, son of Oswiu, 6 dies. 
A battle at Cloenath, 7 where Cellach Cualann was victor ; 
in which fell Bodbcath of Meath, son of Diannait. 
Focartach, 8 grandson of Cernach, fled. Feradach, son of 
Maelduin, King of Cinel-Laeghaire, was slain. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 704. Cennfaeladh descendant of Aedh 
Brecc, abbot of Bangor, slept. The battle of Corc- 



4 Siege of Rithe. Obfepio, A. 
Obcerio, B. The situation of Rithe 
does not seem to be known ; but it is 
probably in Scotland. 

s Glenn-Limna. in uatrleLirmiae. 
Dean Reeves thinks that this is the 
Valley of the Levin Water, which 
runs from Loch Lomond to Dum- 
barton. Adamnan, p. 378, note g. 

8 A Idfrith son of Oswiu. 

Aldfrith, who was King of the 
Northumbrians, spent some time in 
Ireland, where he was known under 
the name of Flann Fina. Tigernach, 
at the year 704, in recording his death 
says: CClpfuch mac Off u .1. plain) 
pna la ^ae-oelu, "Alfrith son of 
Oswiu, i.e., Flann fina with the 



Gaedil." A good deal regarding Aid- 
frith is collected in Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 185, note /. The death of Aldfrith 
is entered in the Anglo- Sax. Chron. 
under the year 705. 

7 Cloenath. Now Clane, co. Kil- 
dare. 

8 Focartach. Wrongly written 
Vocafxcaig (the genit. form) in A. 
mull?. Focartach, afterwards King of 
Ireland (see under the years 713, 715, 
723 infra"), was the son of Niall, son 
of Cernach Sotail. See above at 
687. 

8 Was slain. CeciTjiT*, A. This 
entry is wrongly given in Clar. 49, 
which has " Fergus mac Laoghaire, 
rex gentis Maoileduin, cecidit." 



154 



tllCCOtl. 



Cofictno'Dfiua'D ubi CGCIDIT: Celecaip. mac Comcun. 
Ceatlac mac Ho5allai, fiex Con ace, pope clefiicarum 
obnc. lugulcrcio Conamlo mic Canonn. Con^all 
(cmnmasaifi) mac pefiguffa (.1. panae) fiegnafie incipic. 

jet. 1anai[i. CCnno Tiomirn T>CC. u. (aliap tn.). 
*0cticmna T)aifie, es Offene pimp ^altuifc, abbap 
CLuana mic Uoif, patifanc. bpui-oe mac *Oep.',ti 
mofiieun.. Concobap, mac TDaeteDtnn, \iex 
Coippni, lUsuUrcup epc. Cellan mac 8ecntifai, 
obnr;. 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno oomim T>CC. ui. 
obne. Occifio 1iTD]iecht:ai5 mic T)unchaT)a 
"Pejisal mac THaeteT)Uin, ocup pejigal mac 
ocuf Conall menu yiex genncip Coijipfii, occiTe)iunr; 
eum. bee nepof "Duncaiio lugula^up epc. CoiT)benac 
epfcop CCiji'D ffiauo qtneuiz:. "Duo ce|i|iemoT:up fepci- 
mana m eaT>em in menfe T)ecimb]ii m aquilonab 
hibeiimae. bachalt beicce baifice. 



1 Son of Itaghallach. mac 
Ho5allni5, for mac Rogatlaij, A. 
and B. Clar. '49 has " mac Raghalla." 
See above under the year 702. 

2 Conamail, son of Cano The 
name of Cano (who was also called 
Citgarbh, and Cano-garblO, is usually 
printed " Canonn " by modern editors. 
But Canonn is the genit, case of 
Cano. The form in the Frag, of 
Annals (686=687) is Cans. The 
death of Cano is recorded above under 
the year 687 ; and his sou Conamail 
is mentioned at 672. 

3 Cennmagair-Fanat. The original 
of these two clauses is added by way 
of gloss in A. and B. Cennmagair 
is now known as Kinnawcer, in the 
bar. of Kilmacrenan, co. Donegal ; 
and Fanat is a well-known district in 
the same barony. Clar. 49, which 
O'Conor quotes approvingly, has 
" Congal regnare in- 



cipit in Cennmagair, i.e., Fanad," 
which is not correct. See Ann. Four 
Mast, at A.D. 702, where the accession 
of Congal is noticed. 

4 Alias 706. Added in an old hand 
in A. Not in B. or Clar. 49. 

5 Daire ; i.e., Daire-Dachonna, or 
Daire-Mochonna (Dachonna's, or 
Mochonna's, " Oak-wood "). The 
form of the saint's name, Conna, was 
changed into Da-chonna and Mo- 
chonna, by the use respectively of the 
devotional prefixes da (" thy ") and 
mo (" my"). The Martyr, of Donegal, 
at the 12th of April, has " Conda, 
abbot of Daire-Dachonna, in Ulster." 

6 Bruide. He was King of the 
Picts of Scotland. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, App. to Pref., p. li ; and 
Skene's Chron. Picts and Scots, 
Introd., p. cxxi. The fettering of 
his brother Nechtan, by King Drust, 
is entered at the year 725 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



155 



Modruadh, in which Celechair, son of Coman, was 
slain. Cellach, son of Ragallach, 1 King of Connaught, 
died after entering religion. The slaying of Conamail, 
son of Cano. 2 Congal (of Cennmagair), 8 son of Fergus 
(of Fanat), 8 begins to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 705 (alias 4 706.) Dachonna of Daire, 5 
and Ossene, son of Gallust, abbot of Guain-mie-Ui-Nois, 
rest. Bruide, son of Derili, dies. Conchobar, son of 
Maelduin, King of Cinel-Coirpri, was slain. Cellan the 
Wise, son of Sechnasach, 7 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 706. Conodar of Fobhar 8 died. Mur- 
der of Indrechtach, son of Dunchad Muirsce. 9 Fergal 
son of Maelduin. and Ferial son of Loingsech, and Conall 
Menn, King of Cinel-Coirpri, s 
chada, 10 was slain, 
rested. 



im. .bee Ua Dun- 
Coibdenaeh, 11 bishop of Ard-sratha, 
Two earthquakes 12 in one week, in the month of 
December, in the northern part of Ireland. The ' bachall * 18 
of Becc Bairche. Death of Colman, descendant of 



[705.] 



[706.] 



7 Of Sechnasach. Secuyxxij, A. 

8 Conodar of Fobhar. Conodar 
was abbot of Fobhar, or Fobhar- 
Feichin, now Fore, co. Westmeath. 

9 Dunchad Jfuirsce. Dunchad, 
who was King of Connaught, was 
called " Muirsce," from having lived, 
or been fostered, in Muirisc, a district 
in the north of the bar. of Tireragh, 
co. Sligo. See above under the year 
682. 

10 Sec Ua JJunchaJa, Bee, grand- 
son, or descendant (nepos) of Dunchad. 
But it is uncertain who this Dunchad 
was. 

11 CoibdenacTi. - -Written coi-obenac 
in A. and B. ; but " Coivdenach " in 
Clar. 49, which is nearer the correct 
form " Coibdenach," as the name is 
generally written. 

12 Earthquakes. 
A. 



13 BachalL This is for "baculum." 
Clar. 49 has " the Crostaf [Cross- 
staff] of Becc Bairchc.' 1 The entry 
means that Becc Bairche, assumed 
the pilgrim's staff ; in other words, 
became a pilgrim. The Four Masters, 
under the year 704, state that he 
died on his pilgrimage 12 years after- 
wards. In the list of the Kings of 
Ulad in the Book of Lcinster, p. 41, 
col. 3, Becc Bairche, who is stated 
there to have reigned 24 years, is 
said to have ' died in pilgrimage (ec 
i n-ail/ichfii). In his Ed. of the 
Ann. Ult., at this year (note 1), 
O'Conor gives much unnecessary in- 
formation on the subject of penance. 
This Becc Bairche, who was a famous 
character in Irish History, is referred 
to above under the years 673 and 
678. 



156 



ulcroti. 



Colmain aui Suibm. Slo^a-D Congaile pilu 
pop Laij;niu. T)unchaT> ppmcipasum 1ae 
.b. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CC. tin. CampCuapam 
pex Cpuitne niguUrcup eft;, bouina pcpasep irepum 
mceiToiu. Cpoen pibup tnapoic mopruup epi;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini T>CC. um. bellum -oolo 
111 compo Gilni, ubi lU^uUrci punt; 1_elabap mac 
ec-oac, CuaUai-5, ocup CuT>maipc. bettum Sel^ae hi 
popruaraiB Laigen, conqia neporef Cennf elai|, m quo 
ceci-oefuini; .11. pitn Ceattai^ Cualann, pacp.cc ec 
Foi. 27ab. pannamail, ec luip^ cum Opicotubtif Cealtai|, er; 
pope pautulum Coippp.i mac Con column lu^uUrcup 
epc. TI"laelT)obopcon epfcop Citte T>apo paupauic. 
beltum -pop, Opcaib, m quo pimp CCp^ablmp lacuic. 
pepcip que 7)icir;up baccach cum uen^pip ppopluuio 
\ m hibepma. TTlacnio mac "OuiB-oambep 
Conaill mic 



1 CongaL The King of Ireland 
at the time. 

2 Dunchud. This entry is a little 
out of place, as Dunchad did not be- 
come abbot of la (or I-Colum-Cille) 
until A.D. 710. See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 379. 

3 Cluetrain. Camp cuctfiarn, A., 
B. The Four Masters, at A.D. 706, 
say that Cucuarain was " King of 
the Cruithni (i.e., the Picts of Dala- 
raide, in Antrim), and the Ulaid," 
and that the name of his slayer was 
Fionnchu Ua Ronain. The Chron. 
Scot. (704) agrees with the Four 
Mast., except as to the name of 
Cucuarain's destroyer, whom it calls 
" Finchu Ua Rebain." In the list of 
the Kings of Ulad contained in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 41, col. 3, " Cuc- 
huain " (as the name is represented 
in the Facsimile), is stated to have 
been 'son of Dungal," to have 
reigned two years, and to have been 



slain by one " Scandal Find Ua 
Redainof the Dalaraide." Elsewhere 
in the latter authority, however (p. 
25, col. 1), the same person is de- 
scribed as Cucuctfictin fii ULcro 7 
Cfmcliencucnche ( " Cuchuarain, 
King of Ulad and Pictland "). The 
name of Cucuarain is correctly in- 
cluded in the list of the Kings of 
Ulad in Reeves' Eccl. Antiqq.^.Sok, 
where the length of his reign is given 
as five years. 

4 Battle o/Dolo. "Bellum Dolo," 
in A., B., and Clar. 49. The Four 
Mast., at 707, have each T>ota 
(" battle of Dola "). But the Chron. 
Scot. (705) has cac maige e?,e pefi 
T>otum ( " Battle of MaghEle, 
through treachery' 1 ). 

5 Maffh-Elni. " Jlagh-Ele," in 
Four Mast., and Chron. Scot. This 
was the name of a plain on the east 
side of the River Bann, about Cole- 
raine, in the co. Antrim. See Reeves' 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



157 



Suibhnc. A hosting of Congal, 1 son of Fergus, upon the 
Leinstermen. Dunchad 2 held the government of la. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 707. Cucuarain, King of the Cruithni," [707.] BIS. 
was slain. A great cattle-mortality again raged. Croon, 
son of Masot, dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 708. The battle of Dolo 4 in Magh- [708.] 
Elni, 5 in which were slain Lethlabar son of Echaidh, 
Cti-allaidh, and Cudinaisc. The battle of Selga in the 
borders of Leinster, 7 against the Ui-Cennselaigh, in which 
were slain two sons of Cellach Cualann, Fiachra and 
Fiannamhail, and Luirgg 8 with Cellach's Britons ; and 
after a little time Coirpri, son of Cucoluinn, was slain. 
Maeldoborcon, bishop of Kildare, rested, A battle against 
the Orkneys, in which the son of Artablar was slain. 
The plague which is called ' baccach,' 9 with dysentery, 10 in 
Ireland. Macnio, son of Dubh-da-inber, dies. The 
killing of Conall, son of Feradach. 



Eccl. Antiqq. , p. 330, and 'Donovan's 
Four Mast. (A.U. 557, note i, and 707, 
note m). 

8 Selga. Selga, or Sclggae (as the 
name is written in the MS. A.), is the 
genit. form of f el^, " hunting,'' 
'' chace." O Donovan states (Four 
Mast., A.D. 707, note n), that Selgge 
was "the name of a place near Glcn- 
dalough, in the coun'y of Wicklow." 
Ses next note. 

7 In the borders of Leinster. R i 
pofxcuatcub' Lenten, A., B. Trans- 
lated "in the outwarde parte of 
Leinster," in Clar. 49. In the list of 
the Kings of Leinster in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), the death of 
Fiannamail son of Maeltuili, King of 
that Province (si. 679, supra), is 
stated to have occurred i cadi mpe 

no fel^a . . ; i 

Vofituachaib bjveg, "in the battle 

of Aife, or Selga, . 

in the borders of Brega." The For- 



tuatha of Leinster comprised that 
part of the present county of Wick- 
low containing Glendalough and the 
Glen of Imail. 

8 And Luirgg. er Lutfisg, A., B., 
and Clar. 49. Evidently used as a 
proper name. But nothing seems 
known respecting such a person. The 
corresponding passage in the Ann. 
Four Mast. (707) is 7 ctfXaiU, T>O 
byvecnuib cansacap, hi focjiaiT>e 
Ceatlaij, " and some of the Britons 
who had joined Cellach'a army." 
Ccallach Cualann, who was ancestor 
of the Ui-Cellaigh-Cualand, a tribo 
seated in the north of the present co. 
Wicklow, was rather a famous person 
in his time. See at the year 703 
supra; and again at 714, where his 
death is recorded. 

9 Baccach, i.e., " Lameness. 

1 With dysentery (or diarrhaa.)- - 
cum uencj\ip ptxopluuio, A., B. 
Clar. 49. 



158 



uloroti. 



jet. 1cm con.. CCnno -Domini T)cc. ix. Conamail mac 
paiU5i abbap 1ae paupac. Combupcio Cilte -oap.0. 
Congat .1. Congal cmn magaifi mac pen-gupa pan ceo, 
[mic "Oomriaitl mic CCeDa mic CCmmin.ec mic SeT>na 
mic Pen-gupa cmnpo-oa] mic Conaill ^ulbam, IT> epc 
nex i:emon.iae, pubica mo^e pennc (.1. -DO 81-05). 
1mmbcnn.ecc apui> 5011 up Com^aiU, ubi .11. pin Nee- 
cam mic *0oifi5cqu;o lUguUrci puni;. Oengtip mac 
TYlaeleanpaiD mpci lusulacup efr. Picccp,a mac T)un- 
gaite apUT) Cpuiune lugulacup efc. Colman mac 
Secnufai^ abbap Loqn mopicup. Uifcimanuf -pecun- 
T)Uf cum 'dbejiio pbo annif .111. fiesnamu. peji^al 
mac IDaileDUm jiesnaiae mcipii:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini Dec. x paelan nepop 
Slim mop.icup,. bellum nepouum ITlei^c ubi 'Cnuiiac 
mac TDoctomsfe \iex nepocum TTleir, ec Cuyioi pLiup 
CCef>o pin T)tucai5, ceciTeiiuiiT:. -Suyiasef piccon.um in 
campo TYlanonn apti-o Saxonef, ubi pinnjuine 



1 Son ofDomnall, &c. The original 
of the clause within the brackets is 
not in A., B., or Clar. 49. Its omis- 
sion would leave the entry very in- 
accurate, as Congal, King of Ireland, 
who died in A.n. 709, would appear 
described as the grandson (!) of Conall 
Guiban, whose death is recorded in 
the Ann. Four Mast., under A.D. 
4G5. The geneal. matter supplied 
has been taken from the authentic 
pedigree sources. 

2 Of a Jit. -oo tires- Not in B., 
nor in Clar. 49. In the Book of 
Leinster, p. 25, col. 1, Congal is stated 
to have died -DO biT>5 oen uaiifie 
" of a fit of one hour." Keating, in 
his brief account of the reign of 
Congal of Cenn-Maghair, states that 
the King's sudden death was in con- 
sequence of his having burned Kil- 
dare, it>it\. all ec cuaic, "both 
church and territory." The burning 



of Kildare is the second entry under 
this year. 

3 Cinel-Comgliaill. 'gen up Com- 
501 II. The descendants of Comghall 
(4th King of the Scotch Dalriads), 
whose death is recorded above at the 
year 537. The Cinel-Comghaill gave 
name to the district now known as 
Cowall, in Argyllshire, in Scotland. 

4 Dargart. Probably the "Dargart 
son of Finguine," referred to above 
under the year 685, who was the fifth 
in descent from Comghall, a quo 
" Cinel-Comghaill ; " and who is 
mentioned again at 711 infra. 

5 Maelanfald ' insci.' Maelanfaid 
' of the speech.' Clar. 49 has 
" Maelanfa in Sd,'' as if to convey 
that Maelanfaid had been slain in 
Skye. O'Conor, with his usual in- 
accuracy, misprints " Maelanfaid 
insci" Maelean for insci, and 
translates/or insci " supra insulam"! 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



159 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 709. Conamail, son of Failbhe, abbot 
of la, rests. The burning of Kildare, Congal, i.e., Congal 
of Cenn-Maghair, son of Fergus of Fanad [son 1 of Domnall, 
son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, son of Sedna, son of Fergus 
Cenn-foda], son of Conall Gulban, i.e., King of Tara, died 
suddenly (i.e., of a fit). 2 A battle among the Cinel- 
Comghaill, 3 in which two sons of Neetan, son of Dargart, 4 
were slain. Oengus, son of Maelanfaid ' insci,'* was slain. 
Fiachra, son of Duiigal, was slain by the Cruithni. Colman, ' 
son of Sechnasach, abbot of Lothra, dies. Justinianus II., 
with his son Tiberius, reigned six years. JFergal, son of 

MnpVliijji, hpgi'na tn rmnri. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 710. Faelan Ua Silni" dies. The 
battle of the Ui-Meith, 9 wherein were slain Tnuthach, 10 
son of Mochloingse, King of the Ui-Meith, and Curoi, son 
of Aedh, 11 son of Dluthach. A slaughter of the Picts in 
Magh-Manonn, 13 by the Saxons, wherein Finnguine son of 



[709.J 



[710.] 



Skcne copies this entry (Chron. Picts 
and Scots, p. 353\ as if he thought 
that " Oengus, son of Maelanfaid," 
was a Scottish character, apparently 
without having taken the trouble of 
ascertaining whether he was Scottish 
or Irish. 

6 Justinianus. lupciccntif, A.,B. 
The death of Justinian II., Emperor 
of the East, is generally referred to 
A.D. 711. 

7 Begins to reiyn ; i.e., as King of 
Ireland. The death of Fergal is 
recorded under the year 721 infra. 
O'Flaherty refers the accession of 
Fergal to the year 711. Ogygia, 
p. 432. 

8 Faelan Ua Silni-, i.e., Faelan, 
grandson (nepos) or descendant of 
Silne. 

Vi-MeUh. There were two tribes 
of this name descended from Muire- 
dach Meth (" the fat "), son of Imcbad, 



son of Colla Da-crioch ; one of which 
gave name to the district called Ui- 
Meith-Tire (in the present co. 
Monaghan), and the other Ui-Meith- 
Mara (in the co. Louth). The sept of 
Ui-Mcith-Mara is probably here 
referred to. See O'Donovan's ed. of 
Leabfiar na g-Ceart, p. 148, note a. 

1 Tnuthach. This name, which 
signifies "envious," was originally 
written TATOCIC in A., but has been 
corrected by an old hand to "Cnucac 
(as in B). Clar. 49 has Tudach. 

11 Aedh. This is the Aedb, son of 
Dluthach, whose obit is given above 
at the year 700. 

12 Magh-Manonn. See note 8, 
under the year 581 supra, on Manonn. 
This battle is recorded in the Anglo- 
Sax. Chron. at 710, thus: "The 
same year the aldorman Beohrtfrith 
fought against the Picts between 
Ilsefe and Cre." 



160 



uloroti. 






"Oeitepoiu mrncrciifia mopce iacuic. CennpaeUn> abbap 
Pobaip. mop.icup. Conspepio bpiconum ec *Oat 
-pop. Loip-55 ecctec, ubi bpisonep T>euicci. 
piliup "Moe mofiisup. Copcfia-o nepocum Neill uc 
Cumciu pobaipsi, m quo ceciT>ep,unT; pluip COUTH ec 
pitn "Oibceim. T)iccolan papienp 7 tllcan mac Cum- 
meni eppcop celcae OlaniD mopcui punc. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T)CC. oc. 1. CoeTroi epip- 
copup 1ae paupac. Combufcio "Caippip.!: boiccep. 
Context mac "Doipsapco mofiicup,. Obpepio CCbepxe 
apu-D Selbacum. bellum mcep -ouop nepocep CCe-oo 
-plane, m quo TTIane mac Neill lugulacup epc. ptann 
mac CCe-oo mic *0tuais uiccop puic- ULaiu ppopcpaci, 
ubi "Dub^ac -pibup becce baipce occubuic. "Quo piln 
'|2e]ia'bai5 mic TTlaeleT)Uin 111 ceT>e genepip Loe^aipe 
pepiepunT:. betlum apUD Lapnenpep T>ecepiop,ep, ubi 
bpan nepop Tnaele-ouin ec piluip eiup 



1 On Lorgg-ecclet poift 
ecclec, A., B. O'Conor, however, 
wrongly prints forloinyg ecclet, and 
translates " in navibus apud Cleti." 

2 Destruction. CopcyxaT). Thia 
word is represented by " fight " in 
Clar. 49. 

3 Cuince-Rolalrgi. Not identified. 
In the Tain 16 Cuailnge (Leb. na 
h Uidre, p. 65a) there is mention of a 
place called cuince (explained as a 
plmb, or "mountain"), in the dis- 
trict of Cuailnge, in the north of the 
present co. Louth. The name of 
Quin, in the co. Clare, was anciently 
written " Cuinche." 

4 Wtre slain. cecit>ic, A. ceci, B. 

4 Telach-Olaind. Incorrectly writ- 
ten "Cectae Olaitro (for "Cetcae 
Olam-D, the genit. form), in A and 
B. Sometimes written Tulach-Ua- 
lann, and Telach-Ualand (as at 730, 



infra.} Not identified. See 0'Dor.o- 
van's Four Mast., A.D. TOD, note *. 

6 Tairpert-loitter. Dean Reeves 
thinks that this was probably the 
Tarbert which gave name to East and 
West Lochs Tarbert, the inlets of the 
sea which nearly insulate Cantyre on 
the north. Adamnan, p. 380, note /. 
It is again referred to at 730, infra. 

7 I>oergart. Apparently the " Dar- 
gart " mentioned above at 700. 

8 Aberte. " Traces of the old castle 
of Dunaverty, standing on a precip- 
tous rock nearly surrounded by the 
sea, are to be seen on Dunaverty Bay, 
at the S.E. extremity of Cantyre, 
opposite Sanda." Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 380, note m. 

9 Niall. This Niall was son of 
Cernach (ob. 663, supra), son of 
Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane (si. 603 
supra). The entry of this event is 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



161 



Deileroth, was untimely slain. Cennfaeladh, abbot of 
Fobhar, dies. An encounter of Britons and Dalriata, on 
Lorgg-ecclet, 1 where the Britons were defeated. Murgal, 
son of Noe, dies. The destruction 2 of the Ui-Neill at 
Cuince-Robairgi, in which the son of Condi, and the 
sons of Dibhcein, were slain. 4 Diccolan the Wise, and 
Ultan, son of Cumraeni, bishop of Telach-Olaind, 5 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 711. Coeddi, bishop of la, rests. The [711.] BIS. 
burning of Tairpert-boitter. Congal, son of Doergart, 7 
dies. The siege of Aberte, 8 by Selbach. A battle be- 
tween two descendants of Aedh Slane, in which Mane, son 
of Niall, 9 was slain. Flann, son of Aedh, son of Dluthach 
was victor. The Ulidians were overthrown, where Dub- 
thach, son of Bccc Bairche, 10 was slain. The two sons of 
Feradach, son of Maelduin, perished in the slaughter of 
the Cinel-Loeghaire. 11 A battle among the Lower Lein- 
stermen, 12 wherein Bran Ua Mailduin and his son were 



inaccurately given by the Four Mast. 
(710), who represent Niall as having 
been slain in the conflict. But Niall 
had been dead very many years at 
that date, 

10 Becc Bairche. King of Ulidia. 
See above, under the year 70C, where 
Becc Bairche is stated to have as- 
sumed the pilgrim's staff ; or, in other 
words, gone on a pilgrimage. His 
obit is entered at 717 infra. 

" Cinel-Loeghaire. There were two 
tribes known by this name, both des- 
cended from Loeghaire (ob. 4G2 
supra), monarch of Ireland in St 
Patrick's time; the one, called Cinel- 
Loeghaire of Miclhe (or Heath), and 
the other, Cinel-Loeghaire of Brcga 
(or Bregia, in the S. part of the pre- 
sent co. Heath). The former tribe 
would seem to be here referred to. 
In the Pedigree of the Cinel-Loeg- 
haire contained in the Bool- of Leinster 



the Feradach mentioned in the fore- 
going entry is set down as seventh in 
descent from said King Loeghaire, 
and Cainelban (from whom the terri- 
tory of the Cinel-Loeghaire of Midhe 
was sometimes called O'Coindelbhain's 
country) as fifth in descent from 
Feradach. See O 'Donovan's ed. of 
O'Dulhagain, note 14 (p. iv.) 

12 Among the Lower Leinstermen. 
aput) lasmenpep T>eciofiep (for 
oecejxiofiep), A., B. " Apud Low 
Leinster," Clar. 49. The Four Mas- 
ters (712) have la Laigmti -oeapsa- 
tiaijx (*' by the South Leinstermen "). 
"OecefiiOfiep is obviously a mistake 
for -oexcefxiofiep, or 'Southern.' 
In a copy of Tigernach contained 
in the HS. II. 3, 18, Trin. Coll., 
Dublin, the reading is Logenenrir 
TjexcefXiofXip over which Roderick 
'Flaherty has written 



M 



162 



ulcroti. 



"Dubgualai abbap glmne T>a loca pep-nc. T)luac mac 
pcellai5 i^ne up,icufi. be-oa -pecic libp,um magnum. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T)CC. x. n. baesan 
epipcopup Inpolae uaccae atbae obnc. 

abbaf Cluana mic u "Moif paupau. 
m monaft;en.io 1l7> mop-icup,. CiniOD mac t)efiiti 
Tnaisep,nain niguUrci func. T)op,beni ]Ca^- 
eDfiam 1ae obumuic, GT; .. menpbup pe]aaccip m 
ppimacu, .u. ]ct. "Mouimbfiif Die fabba^i obnc. Cofi- 
mac mac CCiLeUo p.ex TTluman m bello lugulacuf 
Txytafiss -pibup T)p.0fi;ain ti^aoup. apiiT) -pp.ac- 
-puum "Meccan yiesem. Cucepcae fiex 
8ecnufac fiex h. fTlane mo^cuuf 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomim T>CC. x. 111. beltum 
imefec 111 campo Singiccae uc bitiu ceneD m CCffal, 
ubi plann pbuf CCiTo mic T)lu^cai5 ec tDub-oum nepop 
becce ceciDefiunc m alceiria consfieffione belli, ec 
Colgu ec CCeT> mac "Dep-maco m pp.ima congfieppione 
belli mceppecui funr. *0un Ollaig confcptn^tin. apu-o 



|iem 



l Beda. The original of this entry, 
which is not in Clar. 49, is part of 
the text in B. A marg. note in A., 
in an old hand, reads beixx ti barium 
magnum hoc 'anno pecic. 

2 fnis-bo-Jinne. 1 tif ola tiaccae 
al/bae ; i.e., " Island of the White 
Cow." Now Boffin (or Bophin) Is- 
land, or Inishbofin, off the S.W. coast 
of the co. Maro. 

3 Daughter of Ossu. ^Iflasd, 
daughter of Oswiu (or Oswy), King 
of Bernicia (ob. 670, supra). 

^Monastery of lid. The monastery 
of St. Hilda, at Whitby in Yorkshire, 
of which jElflsed was abbess. See 
Lappenberg's History of England, I., 
289, and Bede's Eccl Hist., III., 
chap. xxiv. 

4 Ciniod, This name would now be 



written " Kenneth." Ciniod was ap- 
parently the brother of Brude, son of 
Derile (705, szpra), King of the Picts 
of Scotland. 

^Obtained. obcenuic, A. O'Dono- 
van erroneously observes (Four Mast., 
at A.D. 713, note/), that the obit of 
Dorbeni " is not in the Annals of 
Ulster." The correct date is 713, ac. 
cording to the criteria. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 381, note n. 

1 Slain in battle. In. a list of the 
Christian Kings of Munster contained 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 320, col. 
1), Cormac, son of Ailill, son of 
Maenach (supra, G61), is stated to 
have been slain, after a reign of nine 
years, in the battle of Carn-Feradh 
aigh, gained over the Deis Tuais- 
cert (or " Northern Deis. ") See above, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



163 



slain. Dubhguala, abbot of Glenn-da-lacha, perished. 
Dluthaeh, son of Fithchellach, was burned by fire. Beda 1 
composed a great book. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 712. Baetan, aW*rt of Inis-bo-finnc, 2 [712.] 
died. Failbhe Bee, abbot of Cluain-mic-U-Nois, rests. 
The daughter of Ossu 3 dies in the monastery of lid. 4 
Ciniod, 5 son of Derile, and the son of Mathgernan, were 
slain. Dorbeni obtained" the chair of la, and having 
spent five months in the primacy, died on Saturday, the 
fifth of the Kalends of November. Cormac, son of Ailill, 
King of Minister, was slain in battle. 7 Tolargg, son of 
Drostan, was fettered by his brother, King Nectan. 
Cucherca, King of the Osraighi, dies. Sechnasach, King 
of Ui-Mame, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 713. A battle, 'imesech,' 9 in Magh- [713.] 
Singittae, at Bile-thenedh in Assal, 10 wherein Flann, son 
of Aedh, son of Dluthach, and Dubhduin descendant of 
Bccc, were slain in the latter encounter of the battle ; 
and Colgu, and Aedh son" of Diarinait, were killed in the 
first encounter. Dun-Ollaigh 11 is constructed by Selbach. 



at A.D. C2G, where Carn-Feradhaigh. 
is said to be in C/itt, a district in the 
co. Limerick. For the situation of the 
Deis or Deise,sec 'Donovan's Suppl. 
to &Reillifs Dictionary, under Deise 
beaff. In the Annals of the Four 
Masters (710), this battle is stated to 
have bean gained by the Northern 
Deis, and Cormac is incorrectly said 
to have been the son of Finghin, who 
was really Cormac's grandfather. 

8< Imesech.' A variation of the 
Irish adv. fa-sech (fo-sech, or mo- 
*ec/0, meaning "about," "by turns," 
" alternately." O'Conor translates it' 
"atrox"; Clar. 49, has "Bellum 
about Essech." But both are wrong. 
A battle imesech would mean a " free 
fight" 



8 Mayh-Sinyittae The " Plain of 
Singitta." Not identified. O'Conor 
incorrectly prints " in campo Ellech- 
yiltea." 

10 Bile-thenedh in Assal O'Dono- 
van says that Bile-thenedh is now re- 
presented by " Billy wood," in the par. 
of Moynaky, bar. of Lower Kells, co. 
Meatlu Four Mast., A.M. 3503, note 
L The old church of Dulane, situated 
a little to the north of the town of 
Kells, was on the Sline-Assail (or 
"Road of Assal"), an ancient road 
which led westwards from Tara, 
through Westmeath to the Shannon. 

11 Dun-Ollaigh. See above, at the 
year 700, where the destruction of 
Dun-Ollaigh by the same Selbach, 
18th King of Dalriada, is recorded. 
M 2 



164 



ulcroti. 



Fol. 27lb 



.b. 



Selbacum. CClen Dampen -oipcpuicup. pogapcac .Tl. 
Cepnai T>e pepio expulpup epc, m bpicanniam IUIT:. 
Copcpa-o .1. 'Safibfalca imTTliT>iu, m quo ceciTNT: opba- 
pac nepop Conaile, pex .h. 01151, apu-o uipop 1TliTe, 
uno "Die es betlum ppeinccum. Siccisap ma^na. 
bettum msep T>uop 'pibop becce bmp.ce es pibum 
bpepail pe^em nepocum Gc-oac, m quo uiccopef 
pi In becce. 1n hoc anno mcefipeca punc 
apUT) TTlumnenfep, ID epc, m Clapainec cum ornni 
pamiba fua. "Mox tuci-oa m au^umno. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -oomim T>CC. x. 1111. Ceattac 
Cualann pex La^en, plann pebla (mac Sgannlain, "DO 
iB TTIeic) abbap CCip.T) macae, Ciltem epipcopup, abbap 
Pepnann, mop^ui funr. lu^ula^io ITIun.ca'DO nrnc "Oep- 
maco pitn [CCip,meT>aic] ceci, pepp nepocum "Meitl. 
CCe-5 T)uB pex neporum piT>5enr;e, plasma mac Col^ 
_gen, fapienf, er; TTlochonno cuepm, Topmiepunc, 
Tnup.cha'oa mic bpam T>U Chaippil. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomim T>CC. x. u. lusutano 
Saxonum, Opn.1t; piln CClT>ppi nepot;ip Oppu. 



1 Alen-daingen. The building of 
this place is recorded above at the 
year 702, where see note. The igno- 
rant " translator " of Clar. 49, taking 
this entry as a continuation of the 
entry preceding it, joins both together, 
and out of them makes "Dun olla 
construitur apud Selvacum, and de- 
stroyed by his daughter Alena " ! 

2 Ua Cernaiyh. "Grandson of 
Cernach." Fogartach, afterwards 
King of Ireland, (see 715 and 723 
infra), was son of Niall, son of Cer- 
nach Sotal (ob. 663 supra). 

3 Garbsalach. Not identified 
The name would signify the " Rough- 
dirty " (or the " Dirty-rough ") place. 
Though evidently the name of a 



place, O'Conor understood Garbsalach 
to mean " foeda contentio." 

4 Descendant nepop. Clar. 49 
has " nephew," which is incorrect, as 
in this Chronicle nepo^ is used to 
represent "grandson,"' or "descen- 
dant." 

5 Becc Bairche. See above, at 
A.D. 706. 

6 Pilgrims. pefiisfuvm A., B. 
Clar. 49 reads " In hoc anno inter- 
fecti peregrini apud Mumnenses, that 
is called Clarainech, cum omni sua 
familia.'' The Annals of Clonmac- 
noise state (710) that " there were 
certain pilgrims killed by the Moun- 
stermen, viz., Clarinach with all his 
family." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



1G5 



Alen-daingen 1 was demolished. Fogartach Ua Cernaigh, 2 
was banished from the Kingdom, and went into Britain. 
The slaughter of Garbsalach 8 in Midhe, in which Forba- 
sach descendant 4 of Congal, King of the Ui-Failghe, was 
slain by the men of Midhe, on the same day as the afore- 
said battle. Great drought. A battle between two sons 
of Becc Bairche, 5 and the son of Bresal, King of Ui-Echach, 
in which the sons of Becc were victors. In this year 
pilgrims 8 were slain by Munstermen, viz., the Clarainech, /^ 
with his whole family. A bright night in Autumn. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 714. Cellach Cualann, 7 King of Lein- [714.] 
ster; Flann Febla, son 8 of Scannlan, of the Ui-Meith, abbot 
of Armagh, and Cilleni, bishop, abbot of Ferna, died. The 
killing of Murchadh, son of Diarmait, son of [Airmedach] 
Caech, 9 King of the Ui-Neill. 10 Aedh Dubh, King of the 
Ui-Fidhgente ; F|a.if,hnia. the Wise, son of Colggu. and 
Mochonna Cuerni, 11 slept. The hosting of Murchadh, sou 
of Bran, 12 to Cashel. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 715. The killing of the King of the [715.] BIS. 
Saxons, Osrid, 13 son of Aldfrid, grandson of Oswiu. Garnat 



: Ceallach Cualann. See above, 
under the year 703. 

8 Son.' The original of this clause 
is added in the margin in A., where 
Flann is called " bishop " of Ard- 
macha (or Armagh). It is not in 
Clar. 49. The words mac 8501111- 
tain (" son of Sgannlan "), are part 
of the text in B., in which -DO ib 
meiri (" of the Ui-Meith ") is inter- 
lined in the original hand. 

9 [AirmedacK] Caech. " Airme- 
dach the Blind" (or "One-eyed.") 
Ths MSS. A. and B., which omit the 
name of Airmedach, have ceci for 
ccceci. The Four Mast. (713) state 
that Murchadh was chief of the Ui- 
Neill of Clann-Colmain. But in the 
Book of Leintter (p. 42, col. 1), his 



name occurs in the list of the Kings 
of Uisnach. See under A.D. 688 
supra. 

10 Ui-Neill. See last note. 

11 Mochonna Cuerni. The Four 
Mast. (713) write Mochonna Cluana 
Alrdne (" Mochouna of Cluain-Air- 
dne.") The festival of Mochonna is 
given under Sept. 30 in the Martyr, 
of Donegal. But the situation of 
Cluain-Airdne is not known to the 
Editor. 

12 Murchadh, son of Bran.- -King 
of Leinster. His death is entered at 
the year 726 infra. 

13 Osrid. King of the Northum- 
brians, and son of Aldfrid, son of 
Oswiu (ob. 670. supra). See the 
Anglo-Sax. Chron., A.D. 716. 



166 



tilcroti. 



cam, 



1 Fogartach. There is some con- 
fusion regarding the length of Fogar- 
tach's reign. According to the Ann. 
Four Mast. (71y), he was only one 
year King of Ireland. O'Flaherty, 
who gives 722 as the date of Fogar- 
taeh's accession, gives him a year and 
some months. Ogygia, p. 432. Fo- 
gartacli's expulsion from the King- 
dom (de regno) is noticed above under 
the year 713, and his return from his 
exile in Britain is mentioned by the 
Four Mast, at 714. If he " reigned 
again" in 715, as above stated, he 
must have reigned as the rival of 
Fergal son of Maelduin, who was 
King of Ireland, according to these 
Annals, from 709 to the death of 
Fergal in 722 (infra, 721), when 



Fogartach became undisputed mon- 
arch. 

2 Easter is changed. comoccc- 
cujx, A., B. Regarding this change 
in the observance of Easter, see 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 28, note. 

3 Chair of Columba, i.e., the abbacy 
of la, or Icna. 

1 Of Id* ",'/<- -aerunp -pic, I!, 
vue is omitted in A. Clar. 49 agrees 
with B. 

*Flann FoirUhe. " Old Flan," 
Clar. 49. 'But foirbthe means "per- 
fect," not "old." 

Condalach, son of Conang 

Clar. 49 has " Connalach son of 
Crimthain," but this is incorrect. 

7 Dorsum Britannice. In Irish 
Druim-Brvtain, the " Back (or Ridge) 



T)eilep.oi 

.le^nor:. Pafca commueacufi m 
paelcti mac "Oofibeni fcace-ofiam Columbae 
.Ixx. 1111. aecasif fue anno, m .1111. "jet. Sepi;imbfiif, 
Tie fabbaci, fUfcepic. Obicup Cell 'dsep.nais abbatnf 
Cluana auif. plann "Poijib-ce mac "Poga^aic mo|i- 
ctuif eft:. TTIop.y i CCficbpain mic TTlaile'DUin. 

]cb lanaifi. CCnno -oommi T>CC. x. in. T)unchaT) 
mac Cinnpaela-o gbbaf 1ae obiiu. Cculb mac Octulb 
obnc. ConT)alach mac Conain5,.|iex nepo^um CfUim- 

epu. Oxpulfio pamiliae 1ae 
bjuccanmae a Meccano 
ec bfiicconum m lapToe qtn uocacun. 
ec bniconep 7>euicn ftinc. Commixcio 
al^en la po^afuxxc, ubi ceciT)ep,unT: 
Rubai ec pilnif T)tnbfleit5e. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim TCC. a. un. 
CuiT)ine fiex Saxonum mofiicup. becc baip.ce obnc. 
bellum Cemnnfo, ubi TAiaral nepop paelcon, ec 
Cellac T>ianaif), ec ^onm?;al mac CCe"ba mic 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



167 



son of Dcleroth, dies. Fogartach, 1 grandson of Cernach, 
again reigns. Easter is changed 2 in the Monastery of 
la. Faelchu, son of Dorbeni, assumes the chair of 
Columba, 3 in the 74th year of his age, 4 on the 4th of the 
Kalends of September, on Saturday. Death of Celi- 
Tigernaigh, abbot of Cluain-eois. FJann Foirbthe, 8 son 
of Fogartach, died. Death of Artbran, son of Maelduin. 

Kal Jan. A.D. 716. Dunchad, son of Cennfaeladh, 
abbot of la, died. Etulb, son of Etulb, died. Condalach 
son of Conang, 6 King of the Ui-Crimthainn, was slain. 
Expulsion of the community of la across Dorsum Britan- 
ni<B, 7 by King Nectan. 8 A meeting of the Dalriata and 
Britons, at the rock called Minuirc; 9 and the Britons 
were defeated. The disturbance 10 of the Fair of Tailtiu 11 
by Fogartach, wherein the son of Rub a 18 and the son of 
Dubhsleibhe, were slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 717. The son of Cuidin, 13 King of the 
Saxons, dies. Becc Bairche 14 died. The battle of 
Cenannus, 15 wherein fell Tuathal grandson of Faelchu, 
and Cellach Diathraibh, aiid Gormgal, son of Aedh son 



[716..] 






rt 



[717] 



of Britain." The great mountain 
chain dividing Tcrthshire ami Argyll, 
terminating in the Grampian Hills. 
Also called Druim-Alban. (Reeves' 
Adamnan, p.G4, note a.) Dr. O'Brien 
states that Druim-Alban was other- 
wise called Braid-alban. Irish Engl. 
Dictionary, voce Drom-saileach. 

8 Kiny Nectan. King of the Picts. 
The " Naiton " of Bede. Eccl. Hist.. 
V., 22. 

'Jfinuirc. This place has not been 
identified. 

10 Disturbance. Cormxcio, A., 
B. Clar. 41) reads " burning " ! 

11 Tailtiu The genit. form is Tail- 
tenn, from which comes the present 
name of the place, Teltown, in the 
par. of the same name, bar. of Upper 



Kells, co. Meath, where there are 
some remarkable remains of antiquity. 

12 Son ofRuba. The Four Masters 
(A.D. 715) have " Maelruba." But 
the Frag, of Annals say " the son of 
Maelruba," which is probably more 
correct. "Ruba M is not found as a 
proper name. 

13 Son of Cuidin This was evi- 
dently Cenred, son of Cuthwine, who 
succeeded Osrid (ob. 715 supra'), as 
King of the Northumbrians, and died 
after a reign of two years. 

14 Becc Bairche See at the year 
70G supra. 

15 Battle of Cenannus. Cemrmro 
(genit. form of Cenivmap, for Cen- 
armap, the ancient name of Kells, in 
the co. Meath). 



168 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOtl. 



ec CCmalnsai-o .tl. Conain^, es pepgal -pjficrceyi eiup 
ceci-oeptmT;. Conall spans tncsop epat;, er; Conall 
gpant; nepop Cepnaig irTpvne 7>uopum menpium pops 
Foi. 28aa. bellum inseppecsup eps la pep^al mac TYIaeleT)Uin. 
Cponan Ua Ooam abbap Lip moip mopisup. ian- 
namail nepop bo^ame mic Pnn, nrpolae pfimcepp 
TTIaise pam, ec 'Oub-oum nepof "Paetam, epifcopup, 
abbaf CUiana ifiaijiDT), Confii mac Congaite cennpoi:ai, 
ocuf CCiLill mac pnpnechti, lu^ulaci -punc. pluic 
pftoif melo pop. Oicm bice, ptuic pyioip fan^uimf 
pupeyi poffam Lagmap-um. 1iroe uocacup "Niall -ppo- 
pac, qui cunc nai:up epc, mac pep^aile. Gcbpfip 
lunae in ptemlunio fmo. 

]ct. lanaip. (p. 7.) CCnno T)omini T>CC. x. 11111. 
CCipmeT>ac mac "CaiT*^ er; Cp^cari^jiex riepocum mic 
! -punc; ec Gpcuile mac "Pep^upa ^uitl 
epc. TDpopcan T)aipr;ai5e quieuit; 1 n-apT> 
bpeccam. Cuu -Dimepsso mopicup. 'Cuibpi'oe .h. 
T)unchaT)a lugula^up epc. Congpeppio apUT) Lage- 



1 Conall Grant, i.e., Conall "the 
grey." He was the grandson of Cer- 
nach Sotal, whose obit, is given above 
at the year 663. 

2 Fergal. King of Ireland. See 
under 721 infra. 

3 Cronan Ua hEoain, i.e., " Cronan 
descendant of Eoan." The festival of 
this Cronan, abbot of Lismor Mochuda 
(Lismore, co. Waterford), is entered 
in the Martyr, of Donegal under the 
1 st of June. See Colgan's A eta Sanc- 
torum, p. 303. 

4 Inis-Maighe-Samh. Inishmac- 
aaint, bar. of Magheraboj', co. Fer- 
managh. For mpotcce pfiincepp 
1110156 patti, Clar. 49 has "primus 
Episcopus campi Saimh. 1 ' But "prin- 
ceps'' is frequently used in these 
Annals to signify a superior or abbot 



of an ecclesiastical establishment. 
O'Conor, in his ed., incorrectly prints 
" Maigi Samhin " (for Maiyi Sarnh), 
note 2 , sub an., and translates " Campi 
Solis " ! 

5 Congal Cennfota. Probably the 
Congal Cennfota, or " Congal Long- 
head," mentioned above at A.D. 673. 

6 Othan lecc. " Little Othan.' 1 
Apparently a place near Othan-mor, 
or " Big Othan " (now Fahan, barony 
of Inishowen, co. Donegal.) O'Conor 
translates " supra genistas spinosas 
parvas " ! 

7 On the 'foss ' of the Leinstermen. 
- Ipupeyx i:rf atT1 ^asma^uni. 
Translated " upon the borders of 
Leinster," in Clar. 49. The shower 
of blood is stated in the Book of 
Leinster (p. 274, a), to have fallen 



ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



169 



of Dluthach, and Amalgaidh, grandson of Conaing, and 
his brother Fcrgal. Conall Grant 1 was victor. And 
Conall Grant, 1 grandson of Cernach, was slain at the end 
of two months after the battle, by Fergal, 2 son of Mael- 
duin. Cronan Ua hEoain, 8 abbot of Lis-mor, dies. 
Fiannamail, descendant of Boghaine, son of Finn, abbot 
of Inis-Maighe-Samh, 4 and Dubhduin, descendant of 
Faelan, bishop, abbot of Cluain-Iraird ; Conri, son of 
Congal Cennfota, 5 and Ailill, son of Finsnechta, were 
slain. It rained a shower of honey upon Othan-becc. 8 
It rained a shower of blood upon the 'foss' 7 of the 
Leinstermen. HenceNiall * Frosach.' 8 son of_J?ergal. 
who was born then, was so called. An eclipse of the 
moon at its full. 9 

Kal. Jan. (Saturd. 10 ) A.D. 718. Airmedach, son of 
Tadhg, and Crichan, King of Ui-Mic-Uais, were slain ; 
and Ertuile, son of Fergus Goll, was slain. Drostan of 
the oratory 11 rested in Ard-Breccain. 12 Cu-dimerggo dies. 
Tui bride, descendant of Dunchadh, was slain. A battle 
among the Leinstermen, in which Aedh, son of Cellach, 18 



[7t8.] 



on j^Lent) Lagen (the "glen,'' or 
''valley," of Leiuster.) 

Niall 'Frosach: "Niall of the 
showers," or " N. the Showery." 
These showers, with some variation 
in their number and character, are 
again noticed at the date of Niall 
Frosach's accession to the monarchy 
of Ireland, A.D. 7G3 infra. In the 
Book of Leiuster (p. 25, col. 2) the 
showers one of white silver, one of 
honey, and one of wheat are stated 
to have occurred in tfte retyn of Niall 
Frosach, not at his birth or accession. 
They were probably meteoric pheno- 
mena. 

9 At its full. m plevnlurno f uo, 
A., B., and Clar. 49. 

10 Saturday p. 7 (for "seventh 



day of the week "), added in al. man. 
iii A. Not in B. 

" Drostan of the oratory. "Ojxor 1 - 
ccnn, A. "Ocnjxcaige is the genit. 
form of Tmifxcech (variously written 



signifies an oratory, or house of peni- 
tence. Absurdly translated " manse 1 ' 
in Clar. 49, under the year 1110. 

12 Ard-Breccain. CCp/D bjxecccm, 
A. " Breccan's Height." Now Ard- 
braccan, co. Meath. The festival of 
the founder, St. Breccan, occurs at 
the 16th of July in the Calendar. 

" Cellach __ This was Cellach Cual- 
ann, King of Leinster, whose obit is 
entered at the year 714 supra. See 
.Shearman's Loca Patriciana, Geneal. 
Table at p. 138. 



170 



ulcroti. 



nenpef tibi CCeT mac Ceallaig ceciiMT; .1. bettum mn- 
ubfiac. bellum pnnglmne incep. Tuop -pibop pepcaip. 
pom, m quo CCinpceallac lu^ulauup efc Die qumcae 
pepiae, ui. iu fep^imbfup. bellum man.i<simum CCn.7)ae 
nepbi, mcen. T)tmchaT) m-becc cum genepe ^abpam es 
Selbacum cum ^enepe Loaipn, er; ueppum epi; pupep 
Selbacum, ppiT). non. Sepsimbpip (uel Occobpip), T)ie 
.111. pepiae, m quo quiT)am comtcep confiuepuni:. 1uju- 
Icrcio m T>a ^igefina ilLoc hUcnme, .1. T>a mac TTlaele- 
b a m-byiaraip. .1. Cfiemcann cofip.ac. 
pamibae Stnbne i n-CCiiD maca. 



b jet. lanaip. CCnno T)omim T>CC- x. ix. 

pluuiabp. Smac mpolo Cpopann T)0pmiuic. TDup- 
bpucc map m menpe Occobpip. TeoT)opup anno .1. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno -Domini T>CC. xx. "DunchaD 
becc pex dnnnpe mopicup. 'oeppimocupm Ocr;imbpe. 
bellum niT;ep Conachca ec Copco baipcmn, ubi 



1 Finnabhair. This name would 
be pronounced Finner, Fennor, or 
Finure. The site of the battle was most 
probably Fennor, par. of Duneany, 
co. Kildare. 

2 Finn-Glenn. Dean Reeves ob- 
serves that there is a Finglen in 
Campsie in Stirlingshire, but that the 
place here mentioned seems to have 
been in Argyle, in the territory of 
Lorn. Adamnan, p. 381, note ?*. 

3 Ferchar Fota ; i.e., " Ferchar the 
Tall" (or "Long"), 15th King cf 
the Scotch Dalriads (ob. 696 supra). 
The opponents in this battle were 
Ainfcellach ] 7th King of the Dalriads 
(who was slain therein), and his 
brother Selbach, 18th King, whose 
obit is given at the year 729 infra, 
and who is also mentioned under the 
years 700, 71 1,713 and 72 2 



4 The 6th. Interlined in al. man. 
in A. Not in B., or Clar. 49. 

5 Ard-esbi. Not identified. It was 
apparently the name of some place on 
the S.W. coast of Scotland. 

(i Dunchad Becc "Dunchad (or 
Duncan) the Little." Called jxex 
Cinn cifie, or King of Cantyre, 
under the year 720 infra. 

1 Or October. uel. Occimbyur, 
in orig. hand, in A. Occobfiir, B. 
Om. in Clar. 4!). 

8 Loch Uaitlme. Lough Ooney, 
bar. of Dartry, co. Monaghan. 

8 'By their brother. ki ccmbrmcccifi, 
A., B. " By their cossen." Clar. 49. ] ','' 

10 Suibhne. Apparently Suibhne, 
son of Crunnmael, bishop of Armagh, 
whose obit is given at the year 729 
infra. The Four Masters have no 
reference to the outrage here alleged 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



171 



was slain, i.e., the battle of Finnabhair. 1 The battle of 
Finn-glenn 2 between two sons of Ferchar Fota, 8 in which 
Ainfcellach was slain, on Thursday, the 6th 4 of the Ides of 
September. The marine battle of Ard-esbi, 5 between 
Dunchad Becc c with the Cinel-Gabrain, and Selbach with 
the Cinel-Loarn ; and it was gained over Selbach, on the 
first of the Nones of September (or October), 7 on Friday ; 
in which some nobles fell. The assassination of the two x 
lords in Loch-Uaithne, 8 viz., two sons of Maelfothartaigh, 
by their brother, i.e., Crimthann Corrach. The killing 
of the family of Suibhne, 10 in Armagh. A dry 11 summer. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 719. A rainy summer. Sinach of [719.] BIS. 
Inis-Oothrann 12 slept. A great sea-burst 18 in the month 
of October. 7 Theodore, 14 one year. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 720. Dunchad Becc, 15 King of Cenn- 
tire, 16 dies. An earthquake in October. A battle between 
the men of Connaught and the Corca-Baiscinn, 17 in which 



[720.] 



to have been committed on the family, 
or community, of Bishop Suibhne. 
Neither is it referred to in Tigernach's 
Annals, or in the Chron. Scotorum. 

11 Dry. ficcap, A., B. Slcca, 
Clar. 49. 

1 - 1 nls- Croth rann. Rec 1 6 In is- Cloth- 
rann. An island in the expansion of 
the Shannon called Loch-Ribh, or 
Loch-Ree, and within the limits of 
the co. Longford. It is said to have 
been called Inis-CIothrann, from 
Clothra, the mother of Lugaid 
Riabnderg, 109th King of Ireland, 
(.Ogyyia, p. 289), and daughter of 
Eochaid Feidlech (104th King, ib., 
267). The Book of Leinster (p. 1246) 
has a curious account of the killing of 
the famous Queen Medb of Connaught, 
by Furbaide, son of King Conor Mac 
Nesa, the particulars of which remind 
one strongly of the legend of \V illiam 
Tell. See O'Curry's ^fanner and 



Customs, Vol. 2, pp. 290-1. 
O'Donovan erroneously states (Fowr 
Mast., 719, note c) that the fore- 
going entry " is not in the Annals of 
Ulster." 

13 Sea-burst TTIufibfiucc. Incor- 
rectly printed inmbracht by O'Conor. 

14 Theodore. By mistake for 
Theodosius (III.)) Emperor of the 
East. For anno .1., O'Conor prints 
" anno primo," as in Clar. 49. 

15 Dunchad Becc, See under the 
year 718. 

18 Cenn-lire. " Land's Head." 
Cantyre, in Scotland. 

17 Corca-Baiscinn. A sept de- 
scended from Cairbre-Baschain, son 
of Conaire II., King of Ireland 
(.Otj'jfjia, p. 3L'2), which at the above 
date occupied the territory now re- 
presented by the baronies of Clonder- 
law, Moyarta, and Ibrickan, in the 
S.W. of the co. Clare. 



172 



(XNNCClCC UlCCDll. 



mac < Galamnai|. lugulcrcio Coiroinaipc pin 
1x115. TYlofip TYIainai5 abbacip Lamne leju. 
Foi. 28ab. iT)aii Ofie^ T)U Caal mac pmn^uine ocup DO TYlufichaT) 
mac bfiam. Tnoyip Cuannat Roip eu. InnfieT) Laien 
la pep^al, ocup maiT>tn mna bop.aime, ocup maiT>m na 
la^en pp.1 penpal mac TYlaile-oum. Inmepac 
le^em cum pace Chpipci pupen. mpolam 
hibeyimae confcicuic. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno Domini T>CC. xoc. i. TDaelfiubai 
m CCpU|i cjiofon anno .locccx. ecaT:if. Col^u 
La|iann lu^ulacuf efc. TTIaelco^ip o 1)|iuim 
bile mac Gilpm p.ex CClocluace, moiaiuncu|i. 
mac Consalail obnc. Cuanan Cille -oeilse, ocuf 
"Dam mfe nepof Collae, Cuana T)|iomma Cuilmn, 
Cilleni loco^en^, mo|iiumcufi. 
1ae cenuiT:. 

mofir;ui 



bellum CClmtnne 



T>poma 

.111. 1T>. 



1 Maenach The gen. form, "Main- 
aigh,"is incorrectly printed Mamaiy 
by 0' Conor. The festival of Maenach 
is given in the Martyr, of Donegal, 
at Oct. 17. 

2 Lann-leri Dunleer, co. Loath. 

See Chron. Scot. (ed. Hennessy), p. 

*' 136, note 2, and Todd's Cogadh 
Gaedhel re Gallaibh, Introd., p. xl., 
note 2. O'Donovan thought that 
Lann-leri was the place now called 
Lynn, in the barony of Fartullagh, 
co. Westmeath. (Four Mast., A.D. 
740, note w, and 825, note #.) But 
he was mistaken. 

3 Ros-eo. The " wood of the yews." 
Now Rush, in the par. of Lusk, co. 
Dublin. See the Felire of Oengus 
at the 10th of April. 

4 Exaction. A. and B. havem aiT>m 
("breach," " defeat "), which is evi- 
dently by mistake for naTom, 
" exaction," " binding," as in the 



Chron. Scot, and Ann. Four Mast. 
(73 7). Clar. 49 has " The praying of 
Leinster by M'Maileduin, and the 
slaughter of the Boroive, and the 
slaughter of Gialne in Leinster," 
which is very wrong. Regarding the 
' borama ' (or ' cow-tribute '), see 
note 2 at p. 18 supra. 

6 By. pjxi (" against ''), A., B 
Clar. 49 has " by." The Four Mast. 
have Ui, "with," or "by"; which 
seems more correct. 

6 Maelruba. See under the years 
670 and 672, supra. 

1 Apurcrossan ; otherwise written 
" Aporcrossan." See under A.D. 672, 
supra. 

8 Maelcorgais. Apparently the 
Maelcorghais whose festival is noted 
at March 12th, in the Martyr, of 
Donegal. 

9 Drulm-ing. " Probably the 
place iiow called Dromin, situated 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



173 



the son of Talamhnach was slain. The assassination of 
Cudinaisc, son of Rothe[c]tach. Death of Maenach, 1 
abbot of Lann-leri. 2 The laying waste of Magh-Bregh, 
by Cathal son of Finnguine, and Murchad son of Bran. 
Death of Cuanna of Ros-eo. 8 The wasting of Leinster by 
Fergal, and the exaction 4 of the ' borama,' and the ex- 
action 4 of the hostages of Leinster, by 5 Fergal, son of 
Maelduin. Inmesach the Devout established a Law, 
with the peace of Christ, over the island of Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 721. Maelruba" [died] in Apurcrossan, 7 
in the 80th year of [his] age. Colgu, King of Ard- 
Lathrann, was slain. Maelcorgais, 8 of Druim-ing, 9 and 
Bile, son of Elpin, King of Al-Cluathe, 10 died. Ferdacrich, 
son of Congalach, died. Cuanan of Cill-deilge ;" Derir 
of Dam-inis, 12 a descendant of Colla ; Guana of Druim- 
cuilinn, 13 and Cilleni of Loch-Gerg, 14 died. Fedhlimidh 
held the government of la. Faelan of Martartech, 15 Sidal 
of Druim-Laidggin, 10 died. The battle of Almuin, 17 on the 



Co 7/ 7 / 



[721.] 









near Dunshaughlin, in the county of 
Meath." O'Donovan (Four Masters, 
A.D. 834, note rf). The Dinnsenchas 
account of Druim-ing (Book of 
Leinster, p. 1946) would lead one to 
think that its situation was much 
nearer to Dublin. 

10 Al-Cluathe. See note 12 , at A.D. 
667, supra. 

"Cill-deilye Kildalkey,co. Meath. 

12 Dam-inis. Devenish, co. Fer- 
managh. 

13 Druim-cuilinn. Now Drum- 
cullen, bar. of Eglish, King's 
county. 

14 Loch-Gerg. This was the old 
name of Lough Derg, in which is 
situated the Island of St Patrick's 
Purgatory. See Martyr, of Donegal, 
Todd's ed. ; App. to Introd., p. xl. 

14 Martartech. " House of Relics." 



The genit. case of the name, mafxcap,- 
60151, would be Anglicised " Mar- 
taray," " Martary," or " Martry ; " 
forms which are represented in the 
Townland Index. (Census of Ireland, 
1861.) But the particular place 
referred to here has not been identified. 
18 Druim-Laidggin. Not identified. 
17 Almuin. Now known as the Hill 
of Allen, a few miles to the north of 
the town of Kildare. Called Almu 
Lagen ("Almu of Leinster''), Book 
of Leinster, p. 202a. The Hill of 
Allen is celebrated in Irish legends as 
one of the residences of Finn Mac 
Cumhail, the Fingal of Macpherson's 
Ossian. This battle is entered in the 
Ann. Four Mast., and Chron. Scot. 
under the year 718; but Tigernach 
notices it at 722, which is the proper 
year, as indicated by the criteria. 






174 



"Oecimbpif T)ie tn e . pefime, 111 quo ceciT)efitinT: (.1. ta 
mac m-bp.ain) pe^al mac TTlaeleT)Uin (mic 
mic CCe-oa uaifUTmaic), ocup Conall menn 
fiex senepif Coippfu, CUrcgno mac Cot^en, "Dutroacpic, 
plann mac Uogeltnaic, CCei* Lai^en mac pitcetlais fiex 
nepo^um tTlaim, ["Khali] mac YTHnfisifo, "Mua-oo mac 
"OunchaDa, Chcnec mac Golden pex 
Pefigal nepop CCi^echcai. 

jet. lanaip. CCntio T>omini ^cc. xx. n. 
Ctona mic U Moif. TYlopf CCilchon mompqaech 

mac 1Tlui]rieT)ai|, yiex Conachr, 
Selbaich. Smac 'Cailcen mopcup. 

]cb. lanaifi. CCnrio Domini "occ. xx. 111. aelcu 
mac T)o|ibeni abba^ 1ae T)0fimiuic. Ciltennip ton^uf 
ei in pjfiincipacum 1ae fucceffii:. Cucongali: .Tl. 
ConmetDDe, TTlufiDobuja gfianaifc, mo]ii uncurl, beltum 
dnn "Dejl^g-Den m quo ceci-oic pogaiicac Ua Ce|inai|, 
mac Neill mic Ceayifinail hfocait mic *Oiap,moT>a mic 
OCe'oa flame. Cinaec mac Ifi^alai 
Cumnlep abbap Cluana mic "Mooif obnu. 



1 The kixth.wn, A. 

2 Son of Bran mac bfimm, A., 
B., and Clar. 49. But it should be 
mac bfiam. The death of Murchad, 
son of Bran, King of Leinster, the 
victor in the battle of Almuin, is 
entered at the year 726, infra. 

3 Son. The original of this clause, 
added in the margin in A., is in a 
gloss in B. It is not in Clar. 49. 

4 Dubhdacrich. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (718), and Chron. Scot. (id. an.), 
Dubhdacrich is stated to have been 
the son of Dubhdainbher, King of 
Ard-Cianachta (supra A.D. 687). For 
"Dubhdainbher,'' the Frag, of Annals 
(722) have " Dubhdabhairenn," 
which seems incorrect. 

s [Niall'] Supplied from Frag, of 
Annals (A.D. 722). 



Airthera. The name of this dis- 
trict is still preserved in the baronies 
of Lower and Upper Orior, in the co. 
of Armagh. The names and number 
of the principal persons who were 
slain in the battle of Almuin are more 
fully given in the Ann. Four Mast., 
and Chron. Scot. (718), and Ann. 
Clonmacnoise (720). 

7 Death of Aekhu. inoyip CCil- 
chon. CCilchon is the genit. form 
of CCelchu. His name is not found 
in the ordinary lists of the abbots of 
Monasterboice. 

8 Manistir-Buti. Monasterboice, 
co. Louth. 

9 The entrance into religion of 
Settach. Clefiicccci (for clejuca- 
cup, as in Tigernach), A., B. This 
entry has been misunderstood by 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



175 



third of tho Ides of December, the sixth 1 day of the 
week, in which were slain (I.e., by Murchad, son of 
Bran"), Fergal, son of Maelduin (son 8 of Maelfithrich, son 
of Aedh Uaridnach), and Conall Menn, King of Cinel- 
Coirpri ; Clothgno, son of Colgu ; Dubhdacrich ; 4 Flann, 
son of Rogellnach ; Aedh Laigen, son of Fithcellach, 
King of Ui-Maine : [NialP] son of Muirges ; Nuadha, son 
of Dimchad ; Eicnech, son of Colgu, King of the Airthera, 6 
and Fergal Ua Aitechta. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 722. The burning of Cluain-mic-U- 
Nois. The death of Aelchu, 7 ofManistir-Buti. R Indrechtach, 
son of Muiredach, King of Connaught, dies. The entrance 
into religion of Selbach. 9 Sinach, of Tailtiu, 10 dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 723. ^aelchu, son of Dorbeni, abbot of [723.] 
la, ' fell asleep.' Cillene the Tall succeeded him in the 
government of la. Cucongalt Ua Conmelde, Murdobur 
of Granasc, 11 died. The battle of Cenn-Delgden, 12 in which 
fell Fogartach, grandson of Cernach, (son of Niall, son of 
Cernach Sotail, 18 son of Diarmait, son of Aedh Slane). 
Cinaeth, 14 son of Irgalach, was victor. Cuinnles, abbot 
of Oluain-mic-Nois, died. The killing of Lethaithech, 15 



[722.] 



v ~^ 



O'Conor (Rerum Hib. Script., iv., 
p. 78), and by 0' Donovan (Four 
Mast., A.D. 719, note d). The for- 
mer thus blunderingly jumbles three 
entries into two : " IndrecJUach mac 
Murieadaig rex Connacht moritur 
in clericatu. Selbaic Sianac Tailten 
[Selbach genealogus Taltinensis] 
moritur"! O'Donovan, who ought 
to have known better (and in whose 
ed. of the Four Mast , the obit of 
" Sinach of Tailtiu is given under 
the year 720) follows the incorrect 
reading of O'Conor. The Annalist 
simply meant to convey that Selbach 
(18th King of the Scotch Dalriads, 
ob. 729, infra) assumed the religious 
habit, or went on a pilgrimage, in 
the year 722 (=723 Tig.} 



10 Tailtiu. Tel town, barony of 
Upper Kells, co. Heath. 

11 Granasc. Not identified. 

12 Cenn-Delgden. Another battle 
at the same place (which has not been 
identified) is referred to under the 
year 621 supra. 

13 Cernach Sotail. His obit is en- 
tered above at A.D. 663. 

14 Cinaeth. He was at the time 
Monarch of Ireland. His death in 
battle is recorded at the year 727, 
infra. 

15 Lethaithech In the Chron, Scot., 
and Ann. Four Mast. (71S),&ndFrag. 
of Annals (722), Lethaithech is stated 
to have been slain in the battle of 
Almuin (supra, A.D. 721). 



176 



CCMMCClCC UlCCOh. 



Foi. 286a. emicig mic Concajaar;. Caec pctnii pcpiba 
Catssai-o quietus. 

]ct. 1anaif\. CCnno "Domini T>CC. xx. 1111. CiUetvem 
nepop Coltae, abbap Ocnae, CClT>cu 

CCiten mic Cfiaic con pep. tn cup,. Simul 

p. Colman h-uamac pcpiba aip.DT> 
TTlacae, Uubni rnac Conn aft pcpiba TYluman, pliupque 
bpoccam o cai| eilte, qui map peep. bonup euan^ebi 
eyiar;, ec Colman banban fc[iiba Citle T>a|io, 

TTlo[if bfiam 

Chobo. tunacenebyiofaecfansuin 
Congal mac TTIaeleanpai6. Ojiecc poyi 
cepp 650, moinuncup.. 

|ct. lanaifi. CCnno T)ommi -DCC. ccx. 

T)eip.ile conpcfimsicuti apu-o "Ojiuifc fiegem. "Duchonna /'- 
cp,aibi>ec epipcopuf CoiiDeiae mopcuuf epu. 
maphan moiauiuf epu. lugulacio Cfiaumram 
Cellaig in belto bealaig Ucce immacupa ae^ace. 



. lanuayin. 
, Oan 



"Memxn mac 



1 Daire-Calgaldh. Derry, or Lon- 
donderry. See Reeves' Adamnan, 
page 1GO, note r . 

2 Othan Othan-mor, or "Othan 
Mura" (Othan of St. Mura) ; now 
Fahan, near Lough Swilly, in the 
barony of Inishowen, co. Donegal. 
See under the years 717, supra, and 
7G3, infra. 

3 Damliag __ Duleek, co. Meath. 

4 Alien M'Craich. " Mac Orach's 
Island." Not identified. It was pro- 
bably the name of some island-fortress 
in Scotland. O'Conor rashly suggests 
the translation " Monasterium Insulse 
caorack, seu ovis "? 

cuyx, as in A. and B. 
"constringitur"! 

5 Son of Drust. 
A., B., and Clar. 49. 

9 Colman Uamach. " Colman of 



Clar. 49 has 



the Cave " (naim, a " cave "). The 
Martyr, of Donegal, at November 24, 
identifies Colman Uamach with 
Colman, son of Lenin [founder and 
abbot] of Cloyne, co. Cork ; in Irish 
Cluain uama (the clualn, or meadow) 
of the cave. But they were different 
persons, as the death of Colman, son 
of Lenin, is given in the Ann. Four 
Mast, under A.D. 600. See Harris's 
Ware, p. 573, and Colgan's Ada 
Sanctorum, p. 539, note 15 . 

7 Tech-Theille See at A.D. G71, 
supra, where the name is " Tech- 
Taille," or " House of Taille." 

8 Colman Banban The death of 
Colman Banban is entered in the 
Ann. Four Mast, at the year 720, 
and in the Frag, of Annals at 725. 
In the latter authority he is called 
taoi (or " sage ") of Cill-Dara (Kil- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



177 



son of Cucarat. Caech-scuili, scribe of Dairc-Calgaidh, 1 
rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 724. Cilleneni Ua Colla, abbot of 
Othan, 2 and Aldchu of Damliag, 8 died. Ailen M'Craich* 
is built. Simul, son of Drust, 5 is fettered. Colraan 
Uaraach, 6 scribe of Armagh ; Rubin, son of Conna, scribe 
of Munster, and the son of Broccan, of Tech-Theille, 7 who 
was a good master of Christ's Gospel, and Colman Banban, 8 
scribe of Kildare all 'fell asleep.' The death of Bran, 
a Munsterman, and of Cass of (Jobha. 9 A dark and 
blood-red 10 moon on the 18th of the Kalends of January. 
Congal, son of Maelanfaith ; Brecc 11 of Fortrenn ; 12 Oan, 
superior of Eg, 13 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 725. Nectan, 14 son of Derile, was put 
in fetters by King Drust. Dachonna the Pious, bishop 
of Condere, died. Tolarggan ' maphan " 5 died. The kill- 
ing of Crhnthan, son of Cellach, 10 in the battle of Belach- 
licce, at an immature age. The repose of Manchein of 



[724.] 



[725. J 



dare). He was probably the same 
as the " Banban egnaidh " (" Banban 
the Wise ''), whose festival is given 
in the Martyr, of Donegal at May 9. 
The FeHre of Oengus, at 2G Nov., 
mentions a " Banban," bishop of 
Leighlin, of the Corco- Duibhne, who 
is not noticed in Ware's list of the 
bishops of that diocese. 

9 Cobha. Probably put for Magh- 
Cobha, or Ui-Echach-Cobha (Iveagh, 
co. Down). See Reeves 1 Eccl. Antiqq. , 
349-350. The name "Cass" does 
not appear in the ordinary pedigrees 
of the septs anciently inhabiting that 
territory. 

10 Blood-red. rjenebfiopa ec f*cm- 
5inea, A., B. Sanguinea, Clar. 49. 

11 Brecc. O'Conor took this name as 
an epithet (" maculntus") connected 
with the name which precedes it. 



12 Fortrenn Pictland. See note at 
A.D. 663, supra. 

13 Eg. Now Eigg, an island off the 
coast of Inverness, Scotland. See 
note r , at the year 616 sujrra. 

14 Nectan. The Nectan referred to 
under the year 716 supra, as having 
expelled the community of la, or lona, 
across Dorsum Britannisc. See Skene's 
Chron. of the Picts and Scots, Preface, 
p. clviL 

15 Tofargan ' maphan.'' Tolargan 
is a Pictish name; but the meaning 
of the epithet ' maphan ' is not known 
to the Editor. 

18 Cellach This was the Cellach 
Cualunn, King of Leinster, whose obit 
is given at the year 714 supra. See 
Shearman's Loca Patriciana, (Jeneal. 
Table, No. 7. 



178 



ulcroh. 



CCilello 



TVlofip 



Cfmep TTlancheme te^tmne. 
boubcoTia TTh'De. 

let. lanaifi. CCnno T>omini T>CC. xx. tn. 
CCilcon abbcrcip Cluana ijiaifiT>7). bellum 
pojuiocTiT: inrep senup Conaill ec 61150111, ubi 
mac CCuficaile en Sne-ogup T>eji55 nepop m[b]fiaciT>i 
lugutcrci puni;. Congfieppio Ififioip "Poicnae, ubi qui- 
oam ceciT)6fiunT: 'oerroiB CCip^iallaib, insefi Selbacam 
QcT>ac neponjp T)omnaill. Con all mac 



TnouT>ain maiar;i|iio coiionarup. CCDomnam Reliquiae 
T^arifpefuinrup, in Tlibeiamam en lex 
bellum mof ici]fi T)iaQ3ullai5inu, m quo 
tai-ognean mac ConmaelT)ae. TDuncha-o 

mac bfiam, yiecc Lapnenfium, 



1 Leth-fflenn. Now Leiglilin, or 
OldLeighlin,co,Carlow. See Harris's 
Ware, Vol. I., p. 453. 

2 Bodbchadh. This name is written 
"Bodbchar " in the Book ofLeinster, 
p. 43 a. See under the year 7U3, 
supra, where he is described as 
" Bodbchadh Hide (B. of Meatt) son 
of Diarmait." 

3 Lruimrfornocltt The " Naked 
(or exposed) Ridge." O'Donovan 
thought that this was " the Druim- 
fornocht mentioned in the foundation 
charter of the abbey of Newry, and 
which comprises the present town- 
lands of Crobane and Croreagh, in 
the Lordship of Newry." (Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D., 721, note o.) But in 
O'Clery's Pedig. (p. 31) Druim- 
fornocht is stated to have been the 
name of a place in the "Lagan" [in 
the barony of Raphoe, co. Donegal], 
which is more likely to be correct, 
considering that the battle in question 
is stated to have been fought between 
the Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eogain, 



who occupied respectively the present 
counties of Donegal and Tyrone. 

4 Ua Braichidi. "Descendant of 
Braichid." Clar. 49 has " nepos 
Inrachta. 1 ' But the Four Mast, have 
"Ua Brachaidhe." 
5 Irros-Foichne. Ififioif Poicnae. 
Dean Reeves correctly observes that 
this place, the name of which he 
prints " Ros-foichne," has not been 
identified, and that it is doubtful 
whether the place was in Scotland or 
Ireland. (Adamnan, p. 383, note x.~) 
But Skene identifies it with a "Ross- 
feochan," the situation of which he 
does not give. (Chron. Plcts and 
Scots.', Preface, p. cxxx.) As there 
is no notice of Hie conflict in the Ann. 
Four Mast., it may be presumed that 
the compilers of that Chronicle con- 
sidered it to have taken place in 
Scotland ; although the killing of 
"some of the Airghialla" (see next 
note) would imply that the fight had 
occurred in Ireland. 

6 Of the Airghialla. -Detroit) (DCifl- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



179 



Lcth-glenn. 1 The killing of Ailill, son of Bodbchadh 2 of 
Mcath. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 726. Death of Aelchu, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird. The battle of Druim-fornocht, 8 between the 
Cinel-Conaill and [Cinel]-Eogain, wherein Flann son of 
Urthaile, and Snedgus ' Derg ' Ua Braiehidi, 4 were slain. 
Tho encounter of Irros-Foichne, 8 wherein some of the 
Airghialla 6 were slain, between Selbach 7 and the family 
of Echaid^ Ua Domnaill. 8 Con all son of Moudan was 
crowned with martyrdom. The relics of Adamnan were 
translated to Ireland, and the Law 9 was renewed. The 

battle of Moin between in Leinster, 10 in 

which fell Laidgnen 11 son of Cumelde. Dunchad was 
victor. Murchad son of Bran, 18 King of the Leinstermen, 



[726.] 




-Den-Gib seems an error 
for -oetiib, -oinait), or T>onaib("of 
the"; see Ebel's Zeuss, p. 216.) 
Dean Reeves renders -Detroit) CCip,- 
giallaib by " utrorumque Airg- 
hialla " (Adamnan, p. 383), and 
Skene, like Clar. 49, "of the two 
Airgiallas " (jChron. Picts and Scots, 
p. 355.) But there were not two 
tribes of Airghialla. 

7 Selbach. This could scarcely 
have been Selbach, 18th King of 
Dalriuda, whose clericatus (or en- 
trance into religion) is noticed under 
the year 722 supra, and whose obit 
is given at 729 Infra. 

8 Echaid Ua DomnailL Echaid, 
descendant of Donmall. Skene thinks 
that Echaid, or Echa, was the son of 
Echa, grandson of Domnall Brecc[l 1th 
King of Dalriada, si. 641 supra.~\ 

9 The Law, i.e., the " Law of Adam- 
nan." For the provisions of this 
" Law, 1 ' see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 17!), 
and App. to the Pref. thereto, p. 1. 

10 Battle of Moin between . . , 



in Leinster. This entry is decidedly 
corrupt, the words -oia bultaijniu 
especially so. The Frag, of Annals, 
in the corresponding place (A.D. 727), 
have Cot TTIai'pcin i-oip, taigtnb 
pei n (" battle of Maistiu," or Mullagh- 
mast, " between the Leinstermeu 
themselves.") 

11 Laidgnen. The Frag, of Irish 
Annals (at A.D. 727) call him " Laid- 
cendMac Conmella, King of Ui-Ceinu- 
sealaigh." In the list of the Kings 
of Ui-Cendselaig contained in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 40, col. 1), Laid- 
cend Mac Conmella is stated to have 
reigned during ten years. 

12 Mnrchad son of Bran. He was 
victor in the battle of Almain (" Hill 
of Allen,' 1 co. Kildare), recorded at 
the year 72 1 supra. See Citron. Sco- 
torum, and Ann. Four ^fast., at A.D. 
718; Ann. Clonmacnoise , at 720; and 
the very romantic account of the 
battle given in Frag, of Annals, p. 
88*2. 

N 2 



180 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



*OubT>ambep. mac 



bT>ambep. mac Con^alais, p,ex Cfiuicne, lU^uUrcuf 
. bellum baifine, no mpe bfiegamn, in quo ceci- 



Foi. 2866. -Depamt: 6r;in.pcel mac Cellaig Cualann, ocup Con^al 
mac bpain. "Paelan uicuop. -puiu. *Do|imii;aT:io Ceili 

y\ 



]ct. 



bell 



um 



CCnno T)omim TDCC. xx. un. 
coficam msep, plaiben.T;ac mac 
dnae-o -pibum lyi^alais (mic Conain^ cumaich mic 
Con|atai^; mic CCeTia flame), m quo Cinae ec OuDUf 
mac CCilello, TTlaelT)Uin mac "Pe^afiaic, T)unchaT> mac 
Cofimaic cecineiaunc. bellum CCilenne irrcefi .11. gep.- 
manof piliof TTlu|icaT)0 mic bfiam, 7 "DunchaT) pemon. 

lumop. "Paelaniif fiepiac. 
abbaf benncuiyi obnc. bellum TTloniT) 

muicem, ubi Oenguf uiccoji -punc, ec 
mulri ex papue 6ilpim iiepf pepempn func. bel- 
lum lacfumabile mueyi eofDem ^ef^um epc iuxca 
cafcellum Cyie-oi, ubi eipinuf epugir. T)omnall mac 
Cellaig p.ecc Connacht; mo|iir;u|i. Cfuief pin beac 
uirn fapienr;if TTluman. 

]Ct. lanaifi. CCnno "Domini T>CC. xx. uin. 6icbep.icc 
Chpifd milep mn papca T)ie paupar;. bellum TYlomc 
capno iuxua f^agnum Loo^ae, m^ep hof^em "Meccain 



1 CruithnLfhe Picts of Ireland 
are evidently here referred to. 

^ Baii-in Inis-Bregainn. Bairin 
seems to be here put for " Bairend," 
a name now represented by the river 
Burren, in Carlo w. The other name 
(Inis-Bregainn, or Bregann's Island, 
some islet in the river Burren), has 
not been identified. 

3 Cellach Cualann. See under the 
year 714 supra. 

4 Congal. lie was brother of Mur- 
chad son of Bran. See note' 2 ,last page. 

s Faelan. The Faelan mentioned 
under the next year. 

6 Cele-Crist The Martyr, of Done- 



gal, at March 3, mentions a Cele- 
Crist, bishop of Cill-Cele-Crist, in 
Ui-Dunchadha, 1 ppojxcaiti 1 
m13 (for 1 pojxcuacaib i 
in Fortuatha ["border territories"] 
in Leinster). The territory of Ui- 
Dunchadha comprised the district 
through which the river Dodder flows. 
See O'Donovan's Four Mast., A.D. 
1044, note I. 

7 Druim - Corcain. " Corcan's 
Ridge." The Four Mast, have 
" Druim-Corcrain." Keating (in his 
account of the reign of Cinaedh) calls 
it " Druim- Carrthoinn." The place 
hag not been identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



181 



dies. Dubhdainbher, son of Congalach, King of tho 
Cruithni, 1 was slain. The battle of Bairin, 2 or of Inis-Bre- 
gainn, 9 in which Etirscel son of Cellach Cualann, 8 and 
Congal 4 son of Bran, were slain. Faelan 5 was victor. 
The ' falling asleep ' of Celi-Crist. 6 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 727. The battle of Druim-Corcain, 7 [727.] BIS. 
between Flaithbertach son of Loingsech, and Cinaedh, 
son of Irgalach (son of Conang Cumach, 8 son of Conga- 
lach, son of Aedh Slane), in which Cinaedh, and Eudus 
son of Ailill, Maelduin son of Feradach, and Dunchad son 
of Cormac, were slain. The battle of Ailinn between two 
brothei-s, sons of Murchadh son of Bran ; 9 and Dunchad, 
the elder, was slain. Faelan, 10 the younger, reigns. 
Flann of Ointrebh, 11 abbot of Bangor, died. The battle 
of Monidcroibh 12 between the Picts themselves, wherein 
Oengus was victor, and a great many were slain on the 
side of King Elpin. A lamentable battle was fought be- 
tween the same persons, near Castle-Credi, 13 where Elpin 
fled. Domnall, son of Cellach, King of Connaught, dies. 
The repose of Mac-Bethach, a wise man of Munster. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 728. Ecbericht, 14 a soldier of Christ, [728.] 
rests on Easter Day. The battle of Monith-carno, 15 near /e?^i 



8 Cumach. This epithet is more 
correctly given "Cuirri " by the Four 
Masters (A r>. 720). The original of 
this clause, which is not in B., is in- 
terlined in al man. in A.' 

* Son of Bran. See note l2 , p. 179. 

10 Faelan. See note ', supra, and 
Book of Leinster, p. 30, col. 2. 

11 Ointrebh. Antrim, in the co. 
Antrim. 

12 Monidcroibh. According to 
Dean Reeves, this was the old name 
of Moncrieffe, in the barony of Dun- 
barny, in Perthshire. Adamnan, p. 
883, note y. 

> J Cattk'Credi.JSovr " Boot-hill " 
(recti "Moot-hill"), near Scone, in 



Scotland. See Reeves' Adamnan. p. / 
383, note. 

14 Ecbericht. The Egbert, orEcg- / " $, fa 

beret, through whose exertions the 
change in the time of keeping Easter 
is stated to have been effected in la, 
or lona (supra, A.D. 715). See Bede's 
Eccl. IJist., Book 3, chap. 4, and Book 
5, chaps. 22, 23; and Reeves' Adam- 
nan (.!/>;> to Preface, p. 1), and 379. 
The death of St. Ecgberht, " in lona,' 
is entered in the Anglo-Sax. Chron., 
at A.D. 729. 

11 Monith-carno. This place has not 
been satisfactorily identified. Skene 
thinks that Monith-carno was the 
name of a mountain pass in theMearns, 



182 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



ec ecceficicum Oensupa, ec eccaccar;op.ep Necrain ceci- 
hoc epc biceoc mac TTloneiT: en pibup eiup, 
mac T)p.opuxin, "Pepon mac pm^umne, en qtn- 
mulm ; en -pamiba Oen^uppa npiumphaum. bet- 
tum t)pomo Tjepgs blanuus m pegiombup picnop.um, 
ninep Oengup en T)pupn pegem picnopum, en ceciT>in 
*Opupn. 1U5tilanio Canail cuijic -pi In "Meitt. 

]ct. 1anai^. CCnno -Domini TCC. ccx. ix. 
ctif .in. m pebfiuapn, 1111. pefiia. Heuefipio 
ayium CCDomnam T>e Hibefima m merife Oci:imb)iif. 
bjian pluif eugain, etbac mac pejacaip, moficui 
punc. Suibne nepop TDfiuicefaic (atiap mac Cp.unn- 
mail) epifcopup CCi|voT> macae, mac Oncon 
< Chille T>oj\io, ^injgall o Lilcac, pibuf Concumbu 

Cluana rmc tl "Moif T>oyimiep.unt;. OmecDe mac bai- 
^cecDe piln bla-cmicc, Oengup mac becce bailee, qtn- 
Foi. 29aa. euefiuriT:. Incefipeccio pitn dna-oon. Comrmxcio- \j 
TunaiT> pop- T)omnall mac Tnupcaf>o 1 culait5, 1-0 epc 



called Cairn o' Mounth (Cliron. Picts 
and Scots, Preface, p. Ixxxii.) See 
Keeves' Adamnan, p. 64, note b, and 
383, note c. 

1 Loch-Loegde. Loch lo 057506, A. 

2 ' Exactors.' exctccacofiep, A., 
and Clar. 49. exctccoifiep, B. 

3 Family of Oengus. This Oengus 
was the head of the Cinel-Oengusa, 
one of the four chief tribes of the 
Scotch Dalriads. See Chron. Picts 
and Scots, pp. 31G-317; and Beeves' 
Adamnan, p. 434. 

4 Triumphed. cfXihurripauic, B. 

5 Druim-DergUathug. Chalmers 
identifies this place with " Drumderg, 
an extensive ridge, on the western 
side of the river Ha [the Isla, in For- 
farshire.]" Cakd., i., p. 211, 

6 Relics. Their ' translation ' to 
Ireland is noticed at the year 726 
supra. The note be-occ dccfunc is 



added in the margin in A., in al. 
man. 

7 In. Supplied from B. 

8 Selbach. He was the 18th King 
of Dalriada. The ' clericatus ' (of 
entrance into religion) of Selbach 13 
entered above at the year 722. 

9 Suibhne. This was evidently 
the Suibhne referred to above under 
A,D. 718, where his family is stated 
to have been slain in Armagh. 
As the Lists of Comarbs of St. Patrick 
(or Bishops of Armagh) generally 
give 15 years as the length of his 
episcopacy, Suibhne must have been 
bishop of tlvat See at the time of the 
outrage (which outrage, it may be 
added, is not noticed by the Four 
Masters'). The death of Ferdacrich, 
son of Suibhne, who siicceeded Cele- 
Petair as abbot or bishop of Armagh, 
in A.D. 757, is given at 767 infra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



183 



Loch-Loegdae, 1 between the host of Ncctan and the army 
of Oengus ; and the ' exactors ' 2 of Nectan were killed, 
viz., Biceot son of Monet, and his son ; Finguine son of 
Drostan ; Feroth son of Finguine, and many others ; and 
the family of Oengus 3 triumphed. 4 The battle of Druim- 
Dergblathug 5 in the country of the Picts, between Oengus, 
and Drust King of the Picts, and Drust was slain. The 
killing of Cathal Core son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 729. An earthquake on the Gth of the 
Ides of February, the fourth day of the week. Return of 
the relics of Adamnan from Ireland, in 7 the month of 
October. Bran son of Eugan, Selbach 8 son of Fercar, 
died. Suibhne, 9 descendant of Mruichesach (alias son of 
Crunnmael), 10 bishop of Armagh ; Mac Onchon, scribe of 
Kildare; the Gall from LiJcach, 11 and Mac Concumba, 
scribe of Cluain-mic-Nois, ' fell asleep.' Oitechde, son of 
Baithechde, the son of Blathmacc, and Oengus son of 
Becc Bairche, rested. The killing of the son of Cinadon. 
A camp melee against Domnall son of Murchad, 12 in the 
Cula, i.e., ' adaigh noidhe ncphain,' 13 or of Imlech-Senaich. 



10 Crunnmael. This clause, which 
is not in B., is added in al. man. in 
A. In the list of Bishops of Armagh 
contained in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 3), it is stated that 
Suibhne was the son of Crunnmael, 
son of Ronan ; and of the Ui-Niallain, 
a local tribe which furnished many 
bishops to the See of Armagh. 

11 The Gall [or Foreigner] from 
Lilcach. The copy of Tigemach in 
the MS., H. 1, 18, T. C. D., at 729, 
has an 'gall u teach (" the bearded 
Foreigner "), and it is added that he 
was the most astute man of his time. 
After the word tilcox in A., there is 
a mark like j., which seems to have 
no special signification, unless it re- 
presents the abbrev. for ec. 



18 Domnall, son of Murchad. His 
accession to the Sovereign!}' of Ireland 
is recorded at the year 742, infra. 

13 ' Adaiyh noidhe nephaiit.' This 
is unintelligible to the Editor, and 
seems corrupt. Skene has printed 
this entry among his extracts from 
this Chronicle, in his Chron. Picts and 
Scots (p. 356), and has given a trans- 
lation which is quite inaccurate. Dr. 
O'Conor, in his edition of part of 
these Annals (at 729), also attempts 
a translation, which is even worse 
than that of Skene, for he renders the 
entry by. " Prselium Dunad, contra 
Domhnaldum filium Murcudi, in locis 
Saltibus obsitis in angustiis viarum 
Nephain, vel Imlecho Senaic;" a 
translation entirely misleading. 



[729.] 



184 



CCMMCClCC UlCTOtl. 









noiT>e nephain, no imleco Senaic. Cocul ofton. 
fcjuba pamilie benncaifi T>on.rmi;auic. bellum 

m quo ceciTMt; Cecomun. 
jet. lanain.. CCnno T>omini r>cc. xxx. 
Guile fiaiin. Clen.icat:up 6cT>ac pin Cwoini, jiex 
Saxan, es confcpmsirufi. Combufno "Gaifipijit; bois- 
cip, apU7> "Oungal. bellum inr;efi Cfiuiune ec -oat 
Ricrci 111 Tnu)ibuil55, ubi C|iuicni -oeuicci pue^unc. 
betlum mr;e]fi plium Oensupfa ec pibum 
feT) bp.ui'oeuv UICIT: 'Caloyicum 
mac Con^cale pin "Pep^ufa 
becc ^apierif "Pobaiyi, CC'Domnanuy 1 epipcopup 
TYim^e omai, Colman nepop Liccam jietegiomf T>occop, 
paupauefiunr;. lugulacio TTloenai^ mic 8ecnufai. 
TTlojip 6cT>ac mic Cotgsen ancopicae aip'O'D TTlacae. 
Colman "Celca h-UalanD, bp.ecc be^Ca, 
Coblaic pba Ceallaic CualanT* nriop,iT;up. 
]ct. lanaiyi. CCnno Tiommi T>CC. xxx. 1. 
finnae aui Collae, abbacif Cluana rmc 

Daicsurpa mic bai, tiegip na n-T)eiffe. 
"Outxoalece mac "Ounchon, plann cuip.p.15 mac CCiec7>ai, 
moiaiuncu]i. bellum ConnachT; m quo ceci-on; TIDuiie'Dac 
mac 1n-Dp.echr;ai5. poncipex mai|e h6u Saxonum 
obni:. ITIagnuf |5ilofopof llibe|iniae, nepop 



1 Fernmayh Farney, in the co. 
Monaghan. 

2 Cuidin. This was probably 
Cuthwine (son of Leodwald), King of 
Bernicia. See Lappenberg's England 
under the Anglo-Saxon Kings, Vol. I., 
p. 289. O'Conor prints the name 
Eudini, for Cudini. 

3 Tairpert-boitter. See above, at 
the year 711. 

4 Cruitlmi and Dal-Riata. The 
Irish tribes so called, situated respec- 
tively in the cos.of Antrim and Down ; 
not the Scotch tribes similarly named. 



5 Murbulgg This place gave name 
to Murlough Bay, on the N.E. coast 
of the co. Antrim. 

6 Rath-maighe-oenaigh. 0' Dono- 
van supposes this place to be repre- 
sented by the " Church of Rath 
. . . . near Manor-Cunningham, 
in the barony of Raphoe, and county 
of Donegal," Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 
779, note x. 

7 Cluain-mic-Nois. Clucmu frf 
Yltnp, A. Cluana m" ctmoip, B. 

8 Indrechtaeh. Probably the In- 
drechtach, King of Connaught, whose 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



185 



Cochul-Odhor, scribe of the family of Bangor, 'fell 
asleep.' The battle of Fermnagh, 1 in which Cetomun 
was slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 730. The burning of CuLgathin. The 
entry into religion of Echaid, son of Cuidin, 2 King of the 
Saxons; and he was put in fetters. The burning of 
Tairpert-boitter 8 by Dunghal. A battle between the 
Cruithni and Dal-Riata, 4 in Murbulgg, 5 wherein the 
Cruithni were vanquished. A battle between the son of 
Oengus and the son of Congus ; but Bruide conquered 
Talorg, who fled. Donngal^son of Congal, son of Fergus, 
dies. Faeldobur BeccT^the^Wise, of Fobar ; Adamnan, 
bishop of Rath-maighe-oenaigh, 6 and Colman Ua Littain, 
doctor of religion, rested. The killing of Moenach, son 
of Sechnasach. The death of Echaid, son of Colggu, 
anchorite, of Armagh. Colman of Telach-Ualand, [and] 
Brecc Berbha, slept. Coblaith, daughter of Cellach 
Cualand, dies. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 731. The death of Flann Sinna, 
descendant of Colla, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois. 7 The 
killing of Dathgus, son of Baeth, King of the Deise. 
Dubhdalethe son of Dunchu, Flann Cuirrigh son of 
Aithechda, died. The battle of Connaught, in which 
Muiredach son of Indrechtach 8 was slain. The pontiff of 
Magh-Eo of the Saxons, 9 Gerald, died. A great philo- 



obit, " tn clericatu" is entered above 
at the rear 722. His son, Muiredach, 
whose death is here recorded, is stated 
by the Four Mast. (A.D. 726), and 
other authorities, to have been bishop 
of Magh-Eo ; an error which owes its 
origin to the fusion into one of the 
above two distinct entries regarding 
Muiredach, son of Indrechtach, and 
Gerald of Magh-Eo. O'Conor, for in- 
stance, prints both entries as one, thus :-- 
u Helium Connacht in quo cecidit . . . 
Murcdach me Inrechtalg Pontifex 
Maiyi heu Saxonum Geraalt obiit." 



* Magh-Eo of the Saxons. Mayo, 
the seat of an ancient bishopric, in 
the parish of Mayo, and county of 
the same name. See O'Donovan's 
Four Mast., A.D. 726, note b, where 
some strange mistakes regarding the 
dateof the death of St. Gerald of Mayo, 
committed by Colgan, Dr. O'Conor, 
and others, are corrected. For some 
further account of St. Gerald, who 
was an Englishman, see Lanigan's 
Eccl. lli*t. t YoL III., pp. 166- 
168. 



[730.J 



[731.] 



186 



tilcroti. 









excmcuup epc. Ceallac uigeii "Ounclia-oa 
T>I auib liaam, pe^ma optima er; benigna, 
'Geimnen CiUe ^a|iaT, pebpopup clepicup, 
Cellac mac 'Gucrccnl, pex nepouum Cpaumuam, 
Foi. 29 a&. Urcup epc. bellum muep, genup Conaill eu Gugain, m 
quo pi Imp pepgaile CCiT) (.1. CCeT>) De "Plaibep,uaco pibo 
loingpic (rnic CCengupa mic "Oomnaill mic CCeixx mic 
CCmnnfieac) Cfiiumphauic; hnpT>ucibuf ceppip a Ticione 
emp, ptann ^ohan pibup Congaile nmc pefi^uppa, 
mac "DuibDibep,^. 'Comali:ac mac T)tnnecT>o 
bellum iriceji Laigmu DepsaBaijt ez: TDuim- 
necu, m quo CCe-o mac Col^en uiccop. ep.au. Seb-oann 
piba ChuipvC, pommarpix CiUe T>ap.o,- obnu. pepgup 
mac Conailt oificmc, ocup pepp.Domnach pcpdba aifiT)T) 
Ulacae, obiepunu. Con^atac Cnuco mopiuup. 

jet. lanaifi. CCnno Tiomini TCC. xxx. n. T) tin gat 
mac Selbaic T>eh on op.au ic "Cop-aic cum upaxiu bp,UT)eum 
ex ea, eu eatiem tnce mpota Ctnlen ^151 inuappiu. 
TTluipveT)ac mac CCmpcellaic fiegnum senep,ip Loaip,iTD 
appumic. Con^fieppio icepum muep, CCe-o mac pep^aile 
es ^enup Conaill m campo lo, ubi ceciDepunu Conaing 
mac Congaile mic pepguppo eu ceuepi mulci. Mauiui- 
cap "Donncha-oa mic "Domnaill. Occippio CCe-oo mic 



1 Ui-Liathain. A tribe descended 
from Eochaidh. Liathanach (son of 
Daire Cerba, ancestor of the Ui- 
Fidhgeinte), whose territory embraced 
the greater part of the present barony 
of Barrymore, co. Cork. The name of 
the territory and tribe is partly repre- 
sented by that of the present town 
of Castlelyons, in the aforesaid barony. 

2 Cill-Garadh Probably the Cinn- 
Garadh (Kingarth, in Bute), referred 
to above at the years 659, 688, and 
infra at 736, 789. 

3 Devout. Y^etesiopup, A. 
B. 



4 Aedh. CCet). Added in al. man. 
in A., over the form CCi-o. Clar. 49 
writes "Hugh," the English form. 
Aedh became King of Ireland in A.D. 
733, as stated infra at that year. 

5 Over Flaiihbertach. Monarch of 
Ireland, -oe plaicbep,cac, A. -oe 
plaitbevicaco, B. 

6 Son of Aenyus. The original of 
this clause, which is interlined in al. 
man. in A., is not in B. It is rather 
inaccurately written in Clar. 49. 

7 Aedh, son of Colgu. Aedh was 
King of theUi-Ceinnselaigh, or South 
Leinstermen. 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



187 



sophcr of Ireland, Ua Mithrebtha, died. Cellach, 
daughter of Dunchad, of the Ui-Liathain, 1 a most excellent 
and gracious queen, slept. Teiranen of Cill-Garadh, 2 a 
devout cleric, 8 rested. Cellach, son of Tuathal, King of 
the Ui-Crimthain, was slain. A battle between Cinel- 
Conaill and [CinelJ-Eogain, in which the son of Fergal, 
Aid (i.e., Aedh), 4 triumphed over Flaithbertach, 5 son of 
Loingsech (son of Aengus, son of Domnall, son of Aedh, 
son of Ainmire), of whose force these leaders were slain : 
Flann Gohan,son of Congal, son of Fergus, [and] Flaithgus, 
son of Dubhdiberg. Tomaltach, son of Duinechdo, dies. 
A battle between the South Leinstermen and the 
Munstermen, in which Aedh, son of Colgu, 7 was victor. 
Sebdann, daughter of Core, abbess 8 of Kildare, died. 
Fergus son of Conall Oircnech, 9 and Ferdomnach, scribe 
of Armagh, died. Congalach of Cnucha dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 732. Dungal, 10 son of Selbach pro- 
faned Torach, when he took Brude out of it ; and on the 
same occasion he invaded the island of Cuilen-rigi. 11 
Muiredach, son of Ainfcellach, assumed the government 
of the Cinel-Loarnd. Another encounter 12 between Acdh^ 
rm _ pf TTornl ami the Cinel-Conaill, in Magh-Itha, 



wherein were slain Conaing, son of Congal^son of Fergus, 
and many others. The~birth of Donnchad, 13 sonof Domnall. 



[732.] 



8 Albess. Tjomincrcfiix. Clar. 
49 renders this by " Lady." 

9 Conall Oircnech. " Conall the 
Plunderer." O'Conor translates the 
epithet oijxcnech " Praepositus, vulgo 
Erenach," which is incorrect, as 

C oificnech is an adj. derived from 
Oficain, or oyxcuin, " plunder," 
" destruction," &c. 

10 Dungal. Referred to again 
under the years 733 and 735. 

I n Cuilen-rigi. Originally written 
/ ctnjven 7x151 in A., but corrected to 
I culyien 11151, or cuilen 1x151, the 



> 



i v^syiw 



form in which the name is given at 
802 infra. Dean Reeves considers 
it to be probably the island called 
Inch, off Inishowen, co. Donegal. 
Adaoman, p. 384, note / MS. B. 
has culfien 1(1151. 

12 Another encounter. Consixep- 
rio icefxum. The first encounter, 
or battle, is noticed under the pre- 
ceding year (731). 

13 Donnchad. Afterwards King of 
Ireland. His obit is given at the 
year 796 infra. 



188 



CCNMCClCC UlCCt)tl. 



oen 



Conai[n]cc tve^iv Ifilocfiae. Occifio Ocroac cobo ptn 
bn.epail. Copcfiat; Caccnl T>O "Domnatl a 'Cmlrae, ocup 
copcfuro "Pallornum T>O Chaeal a "dacc^u. lu^ulcrcio 
"Duntam^e pitu "Ouncon. "Plann -pine abbap Ctuana 
mic U Kloip obnc. "Oocumai bol^an ancofiira 
niacae paupauie. Uacca tnpa epc 1 
Cuatann, fe cofpa teae .1. *oa cofip iafi 
cenn fmp; T)oomtacr; po cjii ol naip caic 

]ct. 1 an ai fi. CC n n o TKHTI 1 ni -DCC. ccocx. 1 1 1 . Heccabfiae 
nepof Ca^a^ai |iex nepocum "Cuifiupi mo^icuti. 
Foi. 29&a. Cctippp lunae m .oci. ]Ct. pebfiuctfin. Commor;aT;io 
mafiTJifium pecifi ocuf phoit ocuf pbcrcp.aicc aD legem 
pefipcieiroam ; ec occifio Coib-oenai^ -pitn ptainn hui 
Con^mte. CainnseiinT) mgen Cealtaig Cuatann mop.i- 
'Calop.js mac Con^unro a pp.ar[ie fuo umccup 
c|iaT)iruiT, m manuf pici:opum, ec cum iltip m 
aqua Demep.fUf efc. 'Calop.^an pibup "D^iopcani 
compp,ehenfUf allisacup, iuxr;a ajicem Ollai. "Dun 

7)ipi:|iuiT;uti pope uutnefiaeionem 
m Tliben.mam a poeefraue Oenguppo pugacup 

m campo 1co meefi pLaiubeyieach -pibum 
ec CCeT> CCLlam mac "Pep-gaile, ubi nepoeep 
Gc-oac (T>O cmet 60501 n) ceci-oefiunt;, ec cecep.1. "CaicLeac 



1 fr-Luachair. " Eastern Luach- 
air." A district anciently comprising 
the S.E. part of the present co. Kerry, 
with the adjoining parts of Limerick 
and Cork. The Paps Mountains in 
Kerry, and the country around King- 
williamstown (bar. of Duhallow), co. 
Cork, was included within it. See 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dugan and 
O'Huidhrin, note C56. 

2 Domnall Most likely the "Dom- 
nall, son of Murchad " referred to 
above at the year 729, and whose 
accession to the sovereignty of Ireland 
is recorded under 742 infra. 

3 7 T atfotM.--Teltown, co. Meath, 



where national games yere anciently 
celebrated. 

4 Tlachtga.- -The old name of the 
" Hill of Ward," near Athboy, co. 
Meath. 

5 Delyinis-Cualand. Dalkey la- 
land, near Dublin. 

6 Having six legs. The orig., r>e 
cojya l/eae, is roughly translated 
" six feet with her,*' in Clar. 49, 
which adds " and would yeald milk 
thrice a yeare." The construction of 
the Irish part of the entry is very 
faulty in A. and B. 

7 Greater. ol naif caic m- 

The meaning is that the 




ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



180 









[733.] 

krrWv TruW 



/ TT > 



11- 2.2-3 



The killing of Aedh, son of Conai[n]g, King of Ir- 

Luachair. 1 The killing of Echaid Cobo, son of Bresal. 

The spoiling of Cathal by Domnall, 2 in Tailtiu ; 8 and the 

spoiling of Fallomun by Cathal, in Tlachtga. 4 The killing 

of Dunlaing, son of Dunchu. Flann Fine, abbot of 

Cluain-mic-Nois, died. Dochuma Bolggan, anchorite of 

Armagh, rested. A cow was seen in Delginis-Cualand, 5 

having six legs, 6 viz. : Two bodies hindwards, one head , 

in front. I-milked thrice [in the day], the produce of f y| 

each milking was greater. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 733. Rechtabra Ua Cathasaigh, King 
of the Ui-Tuirtri, dies. An eclipse of the Moon on the 
llth of the kalends of February. Transposition 8 of the 
relics of Peter, and Paul, and Patrick, to fulfil the Law ; 
and the killing of Coibdenach, son of Flann TJa Congaile. 
Caintigernd, 9 daughter of Cellach Cualand, dies. Talorg 
son of Congus, was manacled by his brother, delivered 
into the hands of the Picts, and drowned by 10 them. 
Talorgan, son of Drostan, was taken and manacled, near 
Dun-Ollaigh. Dun-Leithfinn 11 was destroyed, after the 
wounding of Dungal ; and he fled to Ireland from the 
power of Oengus. An encounter in Magh-ltho, between 
Flaithbertach, 12 son ofLoingsech. and Aedh Allan, son 01 
Fergal, wherein the descendants of Echaid (of the Cinel- 
^) and others, were slain. Taichlech, son of 



commemorated in the Scotch Calendar 
at Jan. 9. The obit of her father, 
Cellach Cualann, King of Leinster, 
is given above at the year 714. 

10 By. cum, A., B. Ab. t Clar. 
49. 

11 Dun.Leithfinn. Not identified. 

1 2 Flaithbertach. King of Ireland 
at the time. See under 731 supra, 
The Four Masters (729=733 of this 
Chronicle) state that he died in 
Armagh, having resigned his kingdom 
to lead a religious life. 

l * Of the Cinel-Eogain. The 



produce of each successive milking 
was greater than the previous one. 
See O'Donovan's Four Mast., A.D. 
727, note h. 

8 Transposition. Commocacio, 
for cotnnrmcacio, A., B. By 
"commutatio martyrum " is meant 

disinterring and enshrining of 
relics, according to Dean Reeves 
> (Adatnnan, p. 313, note c, and 441, 
' V. Commutatio'). 

9 Caintigernd. The St. Kentl- 
gerna of Inch-caileoch (" Nuns' Is- 
land ") in Loch Lomond, who is 



190 



tHoroti. 



mac Cirmpaela-D pex tuigne mopieup. CCe-b ollan 
pegnape mcipic. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno'oomini T>CC. xxx. 1111. Oe^eDcap 
epipcopupNom-opomma paupae. beltum m pegiombup 
Ynupceimne mcep nepoeep "Meill 7 tlleu, ubi CCe-5 pom 
pex tllau 7 ConcaD mac Cuanac, pex Cobo, 
GCe-5 mac pepgaile inccop puic. bellum 
7 Laigniu, ubi mulci T>1 Laigmtj 7 pene mnumepabilep 
T)e TTIume pepiepunc, in quo Ceallac mac "Paelcaip 
pex Oppai^i ceciTMc ; pei> Cacal pituip pmngume, pex 
TTluman, euappiu. CCipechcac nepop T)unca'5o TTIuppce, 
pex nepoeum piacpac, 7 Cacal pitiup 
Connachc (a quo clann Ca^ail muigi liCCi), 

plamn mic Con ai 115, abbacip Cille mope 
T)paco mgenp m pine auuumm cum iconicpuo 
magno pope pe tiipup epc. bei>a papienp Saxonum 



|ct. 



CCnno'oomini T>CC. xxx. u. Oen^up mac 
pex picuoiium uaprauir; fiegionef T)ait|iiaT:ai, 
7 obcenuic T)un ac, 7 combupp^ Cp.eic, 7 T>uop pibof 
Setbaic cacemp aUi^auiT: .1. "Domical 7 pefia^ac ; 7 
paulo pope bpu-oeup mac Oengupa pi In pep^uppo obnc. 



original of this clause, which is not 
in B., is added in al. man. in A. 

1 Oegedchai: The so-called trans- 
lator of these Annals, whose version 
is contained in the MS. Clar. 49, repre- 
sents this name by " Hugh Edchar." 

2 Murtlieimhne. Otherwise called 
Magh-Muirtheimhne, " Plain of Muir- 
theimhne." See above at the year 
696. A large plain comprising nearly 
the whole of the district forming the 
present co. of Louth. 

3 Aedh Roin. In the list of the 
Kings of Ulad contained in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 41, col. 3), it is stated 



that Aedh Edin, after a reign of 26 
years, fell by Aedh Allan " in the 
battle of Fochard " (now Faughard, 
a village about two miles to the north 
of Dundalk, co. Louth). The Four 
Mast., at A.D. 732, calls this battle 
the " battle of Fochart in Magh- 
Muirtheimlme." See last note. 

4 King of Cobo. In the Frag, of 
Annals, at A.D. 732, Conchad is 
called " King of the Cruithne'' (or 
Picts, of Ulster). 

5 Aedh. Aedh Allan, King of Ire- 
land, who assumed the sovereignty 
in the preceding year. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



191 






Cennfaeladh, King of Luighne, dies. Aedh Allan begins 
to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 734. Oegedchar, 1 bishop of Nendrum, [734.] 
rests. A battle in the regions of Murtheimhne, 2 between 
the Ui-Neill and the Ulidians, in which Aedh Roin, 8 King 
of Uladh, and Conchad, son of Cuanu, King of Cobo, 4 were 
slain. Aedh/son_gf Fergal r was victor. A battle between 
the Munstermen and Leinsterraen, in which perished 
many of the Leinsterraen, and Munstermen 6 almost 
without number; in which Ceallach, son of Faelchar, 
King of Ossory, was slain ; but Cathal, son of Finnguine, 
King of Munster, escaped. Airechtach, grandson of 
Dunchadh Muirsce, 7 King of the Ui-Fiachrach, and Cathal, 
son of Muiredach, King of Connaught (from whom are 
the Clann-Cathail of Magh-Ai"), die. Murder of Flann, 
son of Conang, abbot of Cillmor-dithribh. 9 A huge 
dragon was seen in the end of autumn, with great 
thunder after it. Beda, the wise man of the Saxons, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 735. Oengus, son of Fergus, King of [735.] BIS. 
the Picts, devastated the regions of Dalriata, and seized 
Dun- At, 10 and burned Creic ;" and bound two sons of 
Selbach in chains, viz. : Donngal 12 and Feradach. And 
soon after, Brude, son of Oengus, son of Fergus, died. 



8 Munstermen. -oe tnurne, A. ; 
oe rnomonia, B. 

7 Dunchad Muirsce.- -The killing 
of this person is recorded above at 
the year 682. 

8 Clann Cathail of Afagh-Ai. 
Clann-Cathail was the tribe-name of 
the O'Flanagans of the co. Koscom- 
mon, -whose territory was anciently 
included in the great plain of Magh-Ai, 
in the district now forming that count y. 
The original of this clause, which is 
not in B., is added in al. man. in A. 

9 Cillmor-dithribh. The " Great 
church of the Wilderness." Now 
Kilmore, in the barony of Ballintober 



North, co. Roscommon. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 99, note*/. 

10 Dun- At, or Dun-Att, as the name 
is otherwise written. See above at 
the year 682. O'Conor incorrectlj' 
renders Dun- At by " arces," not con- 
sidering it a proper name. 

11 Creic. Skene says that this 
place is Creich, in the Ross of Mull, 
opposite the Sound of lona. Chron. 
Picts and Scots, Preface, p. cxxxi. 
O'Conor, mistaking the name cjxeic 
for cixich (a li territory "or " border"), 
renders it by regiones. 

lt Donngal. The Dungal men- 
tioned above at 732 and 733. 



192 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOn. 



bellum Cnuicc Coippp.i 1 Calatpop uc ecapliiro-ou, 
Foi. 2966. T)alpiacai 7 P)ipxp.im>, 7 'Calofiggan mac 

pibum CCinpceallaic pu^iencem cum exepcicu peppe- 
quicup ; 111 qua con^peppione mulci nobilep conci- 
"oefiunt;. TTlopp panamla mtc ^eficiiroi abbacip Cluancc 
1p.cn fiT>T>, 7 mopp Cpunnmail pin Colggen abb Lupcan. 
"DanelmacColmam nroirmi abb aip.T>bfieccain,7Colman 
mac TYlupcon abb maip bile, quieuepuni:. 
Tnaelepoaiit:ai5 pitn THaeleruite T> 
papienf 7 anchofiica Inpole uaccae atbae, 
7 8amfon nepop Copcpam, T)op.mie)aunT:. bo-obuac mac 
Conaitl gabyiai, |iex Coippfii, mop-icu]i. 

|Ct. lanaifi. CCnno T)omini T)CC O . ecoccc . u 
Honain abbanp Cinnsafia-D. paelbe pibup 
TYlaet|iubi [CCpop,]c^opan m ppopun-o 

epc, cum puip nauinp numep.0 acx. n. Conmal 
nepop Lochem abbap Ctona mic U "Noip paupac. 
Con^ifieppio mincem inr.efi nepocep CCeTo plane, ubi 
Conains mac CCmallai-o Cepnacum uicic, 7 Caal mac 
CCe^o ceciDic; iuxca lapi-oem CCilBe ab opieni:ali papxe 
gepca epi:. TT1 uippp mac pep^uppo popcpai^ lugulacup 
epc. bjiepal mac Concobaip aip.T)T) occippup epc. 



1 Calathros. Mentioned above at 
the year 687. See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 202, note. SkenesuggeststhatCala- 
thros was the Celtic name of the dis- 
trict comprising the Carse of Falkirk. 
Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref., p. Ixxx. 

2 Etarlindu. This place, the situa- 
tion of which has not been identified, 
signifies " between linns (or lakes)." 

3 Fortrenns. The Picts of For- 
trenn, in Scotland, are frequently 
designated by the name of their 
territory, Fortrenn, in the Chronicles. 
See note 8 , p. 118, supra. 

4 Talorgan. The Talorgan men- 
tioned as having been slain in the 



battle of Cat, at the year 749 infra, 
where he is stated to have been the 
brother of Oengus [king of the Picts], 
whose obit is given at the year 760. 

5 Son of Ainfcellach. This must 
have been Muiredach (called Uaig~ 
nech, or "the Looely "), son of Ainf- 
cellach, 17th kin of Dalriada (si. 
718 supra"). Muiredach, who was of 
the House, of Loarn, became king of 
Dalriada and Lord of Lorn, in the 
year 733 (732, supra). 

6 Fianamail. His obit is in the 
Ann. of the Four Masters under A.D. 
731, where his father's name is given 
as " Gertidh." Fianamail was brother 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



193 



The battle of Cnoc-Coirpri in Calathros 1 at Etarlindu,* 
between the Dalriata and Fortrenns; 8 and Talorgan, 4 son of 
Fergus, with an army, pursued the son of Ainfcellach, 5 who 
fled ; in which encounter many noble persons were slain. 
The death of Fianamail 8 son of Gertind, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, and of Crunnmael son of Colgu, abbot of Lusk. 
Danel, son of Colman ' Indinin,' 7 abbot of Ard-Brecain, 
and Colman, son of Murcu, abbot of Magh-Bile, rested. 
The killing of Maelfothartaigh, son of Maeltuile, by 
Leinstermen. Dublittir, a wise man and anchorite of Inis- 
bo-finne, and Samson, descendant of Corcran, slept. 
Bodbthach, son of Conall Gabra, 8 king of Coirpri, dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 736. Death of Ronan, abbot of Cenn- [736.] 
garadh. 8 Failbhe, son of Guaire, i.e. successor 10 of Mael- 
ruba of [Aporjcrosan, 11 was submerged in the depth of 
the sea 12 with his sailors, twenty- two in number. Conmal, 
descendant of Locheni, abbot of Clonmacnoise, rests. A 
conflict between each other, among the descendants of 
Aedh Slane, in which Conaing, son of Amalghaidh, van- 
quished Cernach, and Cathal, son of Aedh, was slain : 
near Lic-Ailbhe, 18 on the east side, it was fought. Muir- 
gis, son of Fergus Forcraidh, 14 was slain. Bresal, son of 
Concobhar of Ard, was slain. 15 Oengus, son of Ailill, king 



of Cellach Cualann, king of Leinster, 
whose obit is entered at the year 714 
supra. 

7 Indinin. Printed indmin by 
O'Conor. " Indinin " is probably a 
mistake for Ind-eidhnen, " the little 
ivy '' (or ivy-covered church). See 
Chron. Scot. ed. Ileunessy, p. 162, 
note 2. 

8 Conall Gabra Called " Congal 

Gabra " at the year 702 supra. 

Cennyaradk. Kingarth, in Bute. 

10 Successor. The Latin equivalent, 
heres, is misplaced in the entry. 

11 Maelrubaof [Apor~\crosan. See 
note 6 at the year G72 supra. 



12 Of the sea. piLagi, A. 

13 Lic-Ailbhe. This was the name 
of a large stone which stood in the 
plain of Magh-Ailbhc, in Meath Uhe 
name of which plain seems still pre- 
served in that of the townland cf 
Moynalvy, par. of Kilmore, bar. <:f 
Lower Deuce, co. Meath). The fall- 
ing of this stone is noticed at the year 
998 infra, where it is stated that four 
mill- stones were made of it by King 
Maelsechlainn. 

14 Fergus Forcraidh. The death 
of this person, in the battle of Corann, 
is recorded above at the year 702. 

15 Was slain. occiff up efG, A. 



194 



tilcroti. 



Foi.. 30aa. 



re*M Tl A AT 



Oen^up mac OCiletlo pi aip-o-oae Ciannacca mopiuip. 
YTlopp paipni|; abbanp imleco pa. T)al it;ip CCe-b 
n-al-D-oan 7 Ccrcat oc "dp T>a ^lap. texparpicn cenun: 
Thbepniam. pian^alac mac mupcaTX), pex htl TTlail, 
mopicup. 

Jet. lanaip. CCnno 7>omim T>CC. xxx. un. aetan 
nepop bpam, tasinenpium pex, immacupa aerate ac 
mopincrccc mopT:e in^efinr;. T^ole epifcoptif Clucma 
i]aai|iT)T), -oi^ntif T)ei rmtef, patifac. Ceianac 
"po^atiraig a puip fcelep.at:if -pocnf -Dolope 
quern uaccquim uiT:ub 7inpimi opbif tnutiefiep 

bellum aro Sencnc (.1. cac "Ucba-D .ocim. 
7>ie .111. pepia) inrep. nepocep Weill 7 tagffl- 
fc, m quobinatep pe^ef celfi 
peccoriif afimif att:epnarini congyieffi -punc .1. 
CCe-o atT)Tan f.1 'Cernfiach 7 CCeT> mac Col^en .1. t\i 
Lai^en, e quibtif unuf fuperifcef uulneriacuf uixic, .1. 
CCe-o atlan : abuf tierio, .1. CCe-o mac Collar), mibca|ii 
mucjione capir;e qfitmcorcuf efc. ^11110 neporef Cuinn 
immenfa incrop.ia T>icat;i func cum tagenof fuop 
emulop mfobco mofie m pu^am mirrunT:, calcanr;, 
p^erinunc, pubuerisunt, confumunr., ica UT; upque a-o 
incefimcionem umuerifUf liopcibf pene T)elei:u|\ exep.- 
C1t:u r> paucip nuncnp p^mHi^iarvcibup ; 7 in cab betlo 



1 Gralphnech. Gen. form Graiph- 
nigh. This name signifies " writer." 
The Four Masters, at A.D. 732, write 
the name " Graiphnidh." 

2 Imlech-Fia. Now Emlagh, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Kells, co. Meath. 

3 Aedh Aldan; or Aedh Allan. 
King of Ireland at the time. 

4 Catlial. Cathal Mac Finguine, 
king of Munster, whose obit is given 
within at the j-ear 741. Cathal is 
the hero (or rather the Gargantua) 
of a remarkable story, written in the 
Eabelaistic style, contained in the 



old Irish MS. known as the Leabhar 
Breac, called " Mac Conglinne's 
Vision " ; a' translation of which, by 
the Editor of the present work, was 
published in Fraser's May. for Sep- 
tember, 1873. 

5 Tir-da-glas. Terry glass. 

6 Ui-Mail. The tribe-name of the 
descendants of Maine Mai, ancestor 
of most of the ancient septs of the 
district now represented by the co. 
Wicklow. The well-known Glen of 
Imaile, in the barony of Upper Tal- 
botstown, co. Wicklow, derives its 
name from the 



> 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



195 



of Ard-Cianachta, dies. Death of Graiphnech, 1 abbot of 
Imlech-Fia. 2 A meeting between Aedh Aldan 8 and 
Cathal, 4 at Tir-da-glas. 5 The ' Law' of Patrickjeld Ireland. 
Fiangalach, son of Murchadh, king of Ui-Mail, dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 737. Faelan, grandson 7 of Bran, king 
of the Leinstermen, died at an unripe age, and un- 
expectedly. Tole, 8 bishop of Cluain-Iraird, a worthy 
soldier of God, rests. Cernach, son of Fogartach, 9 is 
treacherously slain by his own wicked associates ; whom 
the calves of the cows, and the women of this lower 
world, in long continued sadness bewailed. The battle 
of Ath-Senaigh 10 (i.e., the battle of Uchbadh, 11 on the 
14th of September, the 6th day of the week), was 
obstinately fought between the Ui-Neill and the Leinster- 
men, wherein the two kings respectively, men of heroic 
valour, 12 encountered each other in single combat, namely, 
Aedh Aldan, king of Tara, and Aedh son of Colgu, 
king of Leinster ; one of whom, Aedh Aldan, left the 
field alive, though wounded, while the other, Aedh son 
of Colgu, 13 had his head severed by the sword 14 of battle. 
Thereupon the race of Conn enjoyed a signal victory, 
whilst with unwonted measure they routed, trampled, 
crushed, overthrew, and consumed their adversaries of 
Leinster, insomuch that almost their entire army perished, 
and was only saved from utter annihilation by the escape 
of a few, who bore away the tidings of the disaster ; and 



[737.] 



7 Grandson. Faelan was the son 
of Murchad (king of Leinster, ob. 
72(5, supra), son of Bran, king of 
Leinster (ob. G92, swpra), and the same 
person stated to have been successful 
against his brother in the battle of 
Ailinne, recorded above at the year 727 . 

8 Tole This name should be pro- 
nounced T6-16. The Four Masters 
write the name Tola, at A.U. 733. 

9 Fogartach. See above, at the 
year 723, 



10 Ath-Senaigh Now Ballyshan- 
non, in the parish of the same name, 
barony of West Offaly, co. Kildare. 

11 Uchbadh. Another name for 
Ath-Senaigh. This clause, added in 
original hand in A., is not in B. 

12 Of heroic valour. celci ju- 
goyvip jxeccojxep, A., B. Clar. 49 
has celsi vigores rectores. 

13 Aedh son of Colgu. The original 
of this is not in B. 

14 By the sword. mocfione, A. 

O 2 



196 



CCMNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



canrof ceciT)iffe pefuinT; quancop peyicfianpacca fieqio 
pecula m lino fubcubmppe impesu 7 pefioci jimpfe 
conpticT;u non compefumuf. CeciT)ejUinc aucem m hoc 
belto opT;imi "oucef .1. CCe-5 mac Cot^en, bfian becc 
mac YYHifica'oo (.1. Da ^i^taisen), "Pefi^uf mac tT)oinai|, 
T)ubT>acfiic mac am Celtai mic ^fiiem, 7>a ci^ejana 
Porha^a, pangaiac .t). TYlaeleaiccen, Conall .tl. 
CCiecT)ai, ceip,e meic ptamn aui Con^aile, 6la-oac am 
1Tlaelui'Di|i, 7 ce^eyn mutci qin compenDn catifa omifp 
1 11511 tar:io pe^guffa mic C|iaiimain. TTIopf 
c mic "MoinDenai| yiepp ^aleng. bellum 1nfeo 
m quo cecnDic "pejinbeanD. TTloiif Socca^ai am 
TTlaelecoili. SlogaT) Ca^ail mic pmngmne co 
co fiucc ^lallii paelain, 7 co^aucc mame mafia. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini occ . xxx. 11111. 
gluuu, fiex CoBo, fpuuif uenenai;if malepico|iiini homi- 
num obiiT:. Cuana nepop Oeffam fcp.iba 'Cp.eoin 
T)o^miT;acio SaniDamne cluano bponaig, 7 
cip TTlaeleDacnein epifcopi. Com- 
rmnnncefu "Domnaitl 1 m-boT)bp.air, ubi ceciDir; 
CCibll bpe^ leiu m T>omo cenae. 1Tlo|ip CCilelto mic 
nepouim Cfiem-cam. plann mac Cel- 



1 Aedh. Aedh, son of Colgu, other- 
wise called Aedh Mend, was only 
king of Ui-Cendselaig, or Southern 
Leinster, according to a list of kings of 
that province contained in the Book 
of Leinster, p. 40, col. 1. 

2 Fotharta. The principal tribes of 
the Fotharta at the time of the above- 
mentioned battle, were the two septs 
who gave name to the districts now 
represented by the baronies of Forth 
in the cos. of Carlow and Wexford. 

3 Who. qui. Represented by 7, 
the sign for et or ocuf, in A. and B. 
Clar. 49 reads qui. 



4 Of fiiis. 



Inis means an 



" Island." But there is nothing in 
either MS. to indicate what island is 
here referred to. 

5 Cathal, son of Fmguine. King 
of Munster. See under the year 
736. 

' 8 Ui-Faelain. This was the tribe- 
name of the powerful sept descended 
from Faelan, king of Leinster, whose 
obit is given among the entries for 
this year. The name was also applied 
to the territory occupied by the clan, 
which included the northern part of 
the co. of Kildare until shortly after 
the English invasion, when they were 
driven out of this district, and settled 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



197 



such was the carnage in this battle, that more are reported 
to have fallen in it than we read of ever having perished in 
any one onslaught and fierce conflict of all preceding ages. 
The best captains, also, were slain in this battle, viz. : 
Aedh, 1 son of Coign, and Bran Bee, son of Murchadh (two 
kings of Leinster), Fergus, son of Moenach, and Dubh- 
dacrich, son of the grandson of Cellach, son of Trien, two 
Lords of Fotharta ; 2 Fiangalach Ua Maelaithcen ; Conall 
Ua Aitechta ; the four sons of Flann, descendant of Con- 
gal; Eladach, descendant of Maeluidhir, and many others 
who, 3 for the sake of brevity, are omitted. The killing 
of Fergus, son of Cremthan. The death of Coscrach, son 
of Noindenach, king of the Galenga. The battle of Inis, 4 
in which Fernbcand was slain. Death of Sothcathach, 
descendant of Maeltuili. A hosting by Cathal, son of 
Finnguine, 5 to the Leinstcrmen, when he earned off the 
hostages of the Ui-Faelain, c and great spoils. 

Kai Jan. A.D. 738. Fergus Glutt, king of Cobha, 
died from the envenomed spittles 7 of evil men. Guana, 
descendant of Bessan, scribe of Treoit, 8 rests. The 'fall- 
ing asleep ' of Samhthann of Cluain-Bronaigh ; and the 
' falling asleep ' of Ua Maeledathnen, 1 bishop. The burn- 
ing of the family of Domnall 9 iii Bodbrath, 10 where Ailill 
of Brig-Leith was slain in the banquet-house. Death of 
Ailill, son of Tuathal, king of the Ui-Cremthainn. Flann, 



[738.] 



7*. 



in the east of the present county of 
Wicklow. In later times the most 
respectable representatives of the sept 
were the families of O'Byrne and 
Mac Eochaidh (or Keogli). The 
Four Matters (A.D. 733) state that 
the hostages were taken from Bran 
Bee (" Bran the Little *'), whose 
death is recorded under this year. 

7 Envenomed spittles. pmcif uen- 
encrcif. uenencocip, A. The Four 
Masters explain this curious entry by 
stating (A.D. 734) that it appeared to 



Fergus Glut that wicked people used 
to cast spittles, in which they put 
charms, in his face, which was the 
cause of his death. 

8 Treoit. Trevet, in the baron y of 
Skreen, co. Mcath. 

9 Domnnll. Apparently the Dom- 
uall, son of Murchad, whose accession 
to the monarchy of Ireland is recorded 
at the year 742 infra, and who is also 
referred to above at 720. 

10 Bodbrath. Not identified. 



198 



-pitn Cfiutrorriail, epipcopup Reqiainne, mofticun.. 
mac "Dfiopcam fiex CC poile T>mnen.fup .1. 
la Oenguf. TTlonp CCe-o pin $anbam. 

Foi. 30a&. |ct. lanain.. CCnno T>ormni T>CC. xxx. ix. 1n clen.i- 
0- casum "Domnall eccnr;. lugulano neposip CCilello 
cigefinae ceniuit pacac. 'Cenjiimouup m Hi .11- IT>. 
CCpn.ilij\ plann nepof Congaile mon.ctiup epu. Cubn.e- 
ran mac Congupfo moyicuup efc, 7 mo|if Celtaig piln 
ecii-oi, abbacif Ctuano mic lloaif. T)ub-Dabai|ienn 
abbay pobaifi. "Doiimicacio TDanceme comae ^jieme. 
"Ootimiccrcio fancci bfiain lainne 6ta. plan-o peblae 
abbap ^OIJIT: chonaich mofiicu|i. 

|ct. lanaifi. CCnno T>omini -occ. xl. TYlon.p Conti 
"Ce^ba 7 CCmalsa-DO fie^if Con ai lie. lugulacio TTIun- 
chaT>a piln "Pe^aile pin TTlaeleT)Uin, 7 Conall mac 
1anlaii mofiiuup. TDofip plainn CCigle, epipcopi 
ecDjioma. TTlo]T.f puiyieccai p[\mcipif mnpeo Coil. 
Oepail ingen Secimfaig mop.iT;u|i. bellum "Pofibopop 
m quo ceciT)en.unu .11. piln pannamlo -1. 1nT)p.eci:ac 7 
Conall, 7 ceceni. 1u^ulai:io &|inani nepocif Qctnlp. 
Oellum caifin "pen.aTai5 m quo ceciDir; "Coiican i:ini|ieiT). J J\ 



1 Rechra. It is not certain whether 
the place here intended is Rechra, now 
known as the Island of Lambay, to 
the north of Howth, co. Dublin, or 
IJaghery (otherwise called Rathlin 
Island), off the north coast of the co. 
Antrim. The name " Rathlin," ap- 
plied to this island, is a corruption of 
" Eechrainne," the genit. form of 
" Rechra." 

2 Ath-Folthk. Athol, in Perth- 
shire. For other forms of the name, 
see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 385, note j. 

3 By Oengus. O'Conor reads the 
orig. (la Oengup) "in Laaengif and 
translates " in nave " ! 

4 Domnall. Evidently Domnall, 
son of Murchadh, who became king of 



Ireland in 742, and who is elsewhere 
referred to in these Annals by his 
Christian name (Domnall) merely. 
The re-entrance of Pomnall into reli- 
gion is recorded at the year 743 infra, 
5 Cinel-Fiachach Usually Angli- 
cised Kenaliagh. The territory of 
the descendants of Fiacha, son of 
Niall Nine-hostager, which comprised 
some of the southern part of the 
present co. Westmeath, and a large 
portion of the King's county adjoin, 
ing. It was in later times known as 
" Mageoghegan's Country." See 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dubhagain, 
note 30. 

6 He. The Island of Islay, Scotland. 

7 Flann Ua Congaile. "Flann, de- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



190 



son of Cellach, son of Crumlmael, bishop of Rechra, 1 dies. 
Talorgan, son of Drostan, king of Ath-Foithle, a was 
drowned, viz., by Oengus. 8 Death of Aedh, son of 
Garbhan. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 739. Domnall 1 entered into religion. [739.] 
The killing of Ua Ailella,~Tord of Cinel-Fiachach. 5 An 
earthquake in Ile, c oa the 2nd of the Ides of April. Flann 
Ua Congaile 7 died. Cubretan, son of Congus, died ; and 
the death of Cellach, son of Secde, abbot of Cluain-inic- 
Nois. Dubdabairenn, abbot of Fobhar, [died]. The 'fall- 
ing asleep ' of Mancheine of Tuaim-greine. 8 The 'falling 
asleep' of Saint Bran of Lann-Ela. Flann Febhla, abbot 
of Gort-chonaich, dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 740. Death of Conla of Tethba, and 
of Ainalgaidh, king of Conaille. The killing of Murcha.^h, 
son of Fergal, 9 son of Maelduin ; and Conall, son of 
larlaith, dies. Death of Flann Aighle, bishop of Ech- 
druim. 10 Death of Fuirechtach, superior of Inis-Coil. 11 
Befail, daughter of Sechnasach, dies. The~Battie^ of 
Forboros, 18 in which Fiannamail's two sons, viz., Indrech- 
tach and Conall, and others, were slain. The killing of 

O 

Ernaine, son of Eculp. Battle of Carn-Feradhaigh/ 3 in 



[740.] 



scendant of Congal ;" the same person 
referred to above under the year 737, 
where four of his sons arc stated to 
have been slain in the battle of Ath- 
Senaigh. The obit of Flann is given 
by the Four Masters at A.D. 746. 

8 Tuaim-greiite. Tomgraney, in 
the barony of Upper Tulla, co. Clare. 
The Chron. Scot., at A.D. 9G4, refers 
the erection of its claigtcch (or Round 
Towei) to Cormac Ua Cillin, whose 
obit is given at that year in the same 
Chronicle. The entry is remarkable 
as being the first record occurring in 
the Irish Annals, indicating the date 
of the erection of a Round Tower. 

9 Fergal. Fergal, king of Ireland, 



whose death in the battle of Allen 
(co. Kildare) is recorded at the year 
721 supra. 

10 Echdruim. Now Aughrim, in 
the co. Gahvaj', the site of the famous 
" battle of Aughrim," fought on July 
12th, 1691, between the Jacobite and 
Williamite armies, in which the 
Jacobites were defeated. 

11 f iiis-Coil. Now Inishkcel, an 
island on the south side of Gweebarra 
Bay, in the barony of Boylagh, co. 
Donegal. 

12 I 1 orboros.- -This place has not 
been identified. 

13 Carn-Feradhaiyh See note 4 at 
the year 620 supra. 



200 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



1 11511 laao CCitello coppaig mic plamn, pepp 
bellum -opoma Carniail mcep Cptncmu 7"0alpiai;i 
1nT>pecht;ac. pepcuppio "Oatfticrcai la hOen^up mac 
Copp peqiomlle inline pea-oaip T>'apu- 
hoc anno, 7 na poccail po T>'pa|;l;>ail pcpipha T>O 
peanaip pem an n pan aT>laca-o rfiapmtnp ap ap 
hi .1. apea peupomlle Tulecrippirne plie. 
Jet- lanaip. CCnno -Domini T>CC. cel. 1. TDopp 
CCipechsaif; piln Cuanac ppmcipip pepnai 
cemtnl pacac 7 T)elynne la Oppaige. TTIopp 
mic pnn^uine pegip Caipil. TTIopp TTIaileocqais abba- 
r;ip Cille pobpi. TTIopp CuiT>ple pcpiba 7 abbacip 
tusrnaiT). TTIopp CCe'oo ^failb pepp Conacht; .1. Tnac 
1nT>peccai5 mic TTluipeTDaig. Scpan^ulano Conamg 
mic CCmal^ai-D pe^ip Ciannaccae. lugulacio CCp^pac 
piln CCiecT>ai, pi nepocum Cpaumramn. teppa m 



1 Flann. Better known to the stu- 
dents of Irish (MS.) history as Flar.n- 
Dachongal, king of the Ui-Failge for 
fourteen years. See Book ofLeinster, 
p. 40, col. 3. 

2 CruitlmiDalriata. It is not cer- 
tain whether these were the Picts 
(Crulthnf) and Dalriads of Scotland, 
or those of Ireland. But they were 
probably the Pictish and Dalriadic 
septs of Ireland. " Dalriata " is 

V written "Dal. fieci_in A., "Oatfuaci 
in B., and DaTriada in Clar. 49. 

31 Smiting.'' peficucio, A. peyi- 
cupio, B. " Percussio," Clar. 49. 

4 Petronilla. There can be no 
doubt that there was a very early 
martyr or confessor of this name, 
which is a diminutive not of Peter, 
as is supposed, but of Petronius, and 
formed in the same manner as Dru- 
sillaand Priscilla; although in French 
it is Perrine. She was probably of 
the noble Roman " familia Petronia." 
And as to her relationship to St. Peter, 



it may, as Baronius suggests, have 
been in the same sense as " Marcus 
filius meus." This writer treats of 
her under the year of Christ G9, 
(cap. xxxiii. Annales, torn, i., p. 
640 6 ed. Lucse 1738). She is com- 
memorated at the 31st of May, in the 
Roman and other Martyrologies ; and 
all the particulars that are known or 
conjectured of her history are to be 
found in the Actt. SS. of theBollandists 
at that day. Of her translation (above 
represented by acruigcro) the earliest 
authority is the chronicle of Sigebcrt 
of Gemblours, who died in 11 13, and, at 
758, has the following entry : " Cor- 
pus Sanctaj Petronilltc, Petri apostoli 
filiffi, a Paulo papa transponitur, in cu- 
jus marmoreo sarcophago, ipsius apos- 
toli Petri manu sculptum legebatur: 
Aureae Petronilse, dilectissimaj filiae. 
Pistorius, Rer. Germ. Script., torn, i., 
p. 776 (ed. Ratisb. 1 726). According 
to most ancient authorities the ' trans- 
lation ' of the remains of St. Petronilla 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



201 



which fell Torcan Tinircid. The killing of Ailill Corrach, 
son of Flann, 1 king of the Ui-Failghe. The battle of 
Druim-Cathmail, between the Cruithni 2 and Dalriata, 2 
against Indrechtach. The 'smiting' 3 of the Dalriata by 
Oengus, son of Fergus. The body of Petronilla, 4 daughter 
of Peter, was translated in this 3~ear ; and these words 
were found written, in Peter's own handwriting, in the 
marble tomb out of which it was taken, viz. : " the place 
[of rest] of Petronilla, most dearly beloved daughter." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 741. Death of Airechtach, son of [741.] 
Cuanu, superior of Ferns. The devastation of Cinel- 
Fiachach 5 and Delbna, by the Osraighe. Death of 
Cathal, son of Finnguine, King of Cashel. Death of 
Maelochtraigh, abbot of Cill-Fobrigh. Death of Cudgile, 
scribe and abbot of Lughmadh. Death of Aedh Balb, son 
of Indrechtach, son of Muiredach, King of Connaught. 
The strangling of Conaing, 7 son of Amalgaidh, King of 
Cianachta. The killing of Artru, son of Aithechda, King 
of the Ui-Cremthainn. A leprosy in Ireland. Besiege- 



was effected by Pope Paul I., who 
was under the fear that the cemetery 
in which they were deposited might, 
with other cemeteries, he desecrated. 
" Erat inter alia (Baronius says) vetus 
cccmeterium, S. Petronilla! dictum, ex 
quo idem Pontifex sacrum corpus 
ejusdem sanctaj sublatum, transtulit 
apud hasilicam Vaticanam hoc anno." 
Annales, J. C. 758 (torn. 12, p. 644). 
See Stoke's ed. of theFelire ofAengus, 
p. xci. ; Obits and Martyrology oj 
Christ Church, Dublin, p. 121 ; and 
Book of Litmore, fol. 52, b, 1. The 
Pontificateof PopePaul (I.),757-7CG, 
embraces the date of ' Translation ' 
of St. Petronilla's remains, as given 
by Sigebert, but is 18 years later than 
the date in these Annals. It is to be 
further observed, that the motto said 
to have been found on her tomb, as 



given by Aringhi (Roma Sulterranea) 
and older writers, commences with 
the word aurea, whereas these Annals 
read area, in which case the word 
was probably supposed to bear 
the interpretation of ccemeterium, or 
sepulchrum. 

5 Cinel-Fiachach. See note under 
A.D. 739. 

6 Delbna. "Oelnine,A.,B, Delvna, 
Clar. 49. There were several terri- 
tories iii Ireland known by this name. 
The territory here referred to was 
probably Delbna-Ethra, in later times 
called MacCochlan's country, and 
now represented by the barony of 
Garrycastle, in the King's county, 
which adjoined the territory of Cinel- 
Fiachach. 

; Conaing. Apparently the Conaing 
mentioned above at the year 730. 



202 



CCNNOtCC utcCT>tl. 



thbenma. Obpepo CCutliuin piti^Cfiuip. 
Cemuil Choippfu 1 n-^P-anaifiec. 

]Ct. 1an. CCnno 7)omint T)CC. xl. n. 
1 cae t>ominat;n.icip Cille t>ajio. bellum T)aim 

tn quo ceci7)ep.unT: "Dungal mac plaint*, yii Cul, 
Foi. sola, pejaguf mac Opcic. Inn^eccac nepof Conain^ 






f I 



enar. TYlojaif 1 Cumene nepocip Ciafiain, abbacip Rec- 
fiainne. bellurn Sepecmaise (.1. 1 Cenannaf, la 
"Domnall mac TnuyicaTa), m quo ceciT)e|iunT: CCet) 
ol^DT) at n mac "Pep^aile, 7 Cumupcac mac Concobaiji 
fii na n-CCificep,, 7 TTloenac mac Conlaic pex nepouum 



[7], TTluifie7)ac mac 



nehocum 



fiex 



CCe-oa CCl7)ain fo : 
"OicrnornTnanfe-D mo "Ota -oil, X 

toca 8ailceT)ain, 
T)iambeinnfi p(u col, 
Ropat) rnain afi mot) m'anacot. 

bellum 1-cifi.quu TDaine, 7tJla pmcnac CCit>ne. bellum 
Luip-5 hi-cip,jjiu CCilello 7 ^ailengo. haec .1111. bella 
pene m una aeftxxue peyipec^a funu. Lex nepocif 



1 Son of Crop. ptn Cyitnp, A. 
Cuifip (of Corp) B. Cruip, Clar. 49. 

'Granairet. "Granard" [co. Long- 
ford], Clar. 49. 

3 Abbess. "Dormnoxrux, A., B., 
and Clar. 49, for -00111111 etc fucif. 

4 Dam-Derff. This place has not 
been identified. The Four Mast. 
(738) state that it was in Breagh. 
See next note. The name would 
signify " Red Ox " (or Red Deer). 

5 Cul. .In the Ann. Four Mast., at 
the year 738, where the battle of 
Dam-Derg is entered, this name 
is represented by l^efi Cul/ (genit. 
of Piyv Cut) the name of a district 
otherwise called Pectficc Cul 



comprising the baronies of Upper 
and Lower Kells, in the co. Meath. 

6 Rechra. Either Lambay Island, 
to the north of Howth, co. Dublin, 
or Rathlin Island, off the north coast 
of Antrim. 

7 Cenannas. This was the old Irish 
name of Kells, co.Meath. This clause, 
which is added in al. man. in A., is not 
in B. Clar. 49 has " Bellum Sretmaii 
at Kelles by Daniell M'Murchaa." A 
marg. note in A. has "OomnaU, mac 
Tntifichcroa tnccop, puic. 

8 Aedh Aldan, or Aedh Allan 
Monarch of Ireland. 

9 Airthera. The Oriors. The name 
of this district, which is often referred 



X 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



203 



ment of Ailivin, son of Crop. 1 The killing of/ the Cinel- 
Coirpri in Granairet. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 742. Death of Affrica, abbess 3 of Kil- 
dare. The battle of Dam-Derg, 4 in which Dungal, son 
of Flann, King of Cul, 5 and Fergus, son of Ostech, were 
slain. Indrechtach, descendant of Conaing, was victor. 
Death of Cumene, descendant of Ciaran, abbot of Rechra." 
The battle of Sered-magh (i.e., at Cenannas, 7 by Domnall, 
son of Murchad), jn^which fell Aedh Aldan, 8 son of 
Fergal, and Cumuscach, son of Conchobar, King of the 
Airthera, 9 and Moenach, son of Conlaech, King of the 
Ui-Cremthainn, and Muiredach, son of Fergus Forcraidh, 10 
King of the Ui-Tuirtri. 

This is Aedh Aldan's last verse ": 
" If my dear God protected me, 
On the brink of Loch-Sailcedan ; 12 
If I were afterwards given to sin, 
My protection would be beyond rule." 

A battle between the Ui-Maine and 

Aidhne. The battle of Lorg, 18 between the Ui-Ailello, 14 

and Gailenga. 15 These four battles were fought almost 



[742.] 






JVvy- w* //#<- / " 

d. *^-t, 

Ui-Fiachrach of 






to as " Orientates," i.e., the eastern 
parts of the ancient territory of the 
Oirghialla, is still represented by the 
baronies of Lower and Upper Orior, 
in the co. Armagh. 

1 Fergus Forcraidh. The death of 
this person is recorded at the year 702, 
supra. 

l *Last verse. The lines which 
follow here are written in the top 
margin of A., fol. 30 d. They are 
not in B. 

11 Loch-Sailcedan. Now Lough- 
sallagh, in the parish of Dunboyne, 
co. Meath, according to O'Donovan. 
Four Mast^ A.D. 738, note i. 



13 Lorg. This place has not been 
identified. 

14 Ui-Ailello. " Descendants of 
Ailill." The tribe name of the sept 
that inhabited the district forming the 
present barony of Tirerrill (in Irish 
'Gifi CCilellcc, or the land of Ailill). 

15 Gailenga. --This was the tribe 
name of a clan descended from Oilill 
Oluim, King of Munster, who occu- 
pied a large district embracing part 
of the present counties of Mayo and 
Sligo. The name of Gailenga is still 
preserved in that of the barony of 
Gallon, co. Mayo. 



204 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



Concenn irvgen Cellai Cu alarm moriictiri. 

TDtnb'ooirrie pepp nepoinim Dfiiftln. CCppia 
abbap Tnai%i bite [mojucuri]. Commocacio rnapxipaim 
"Gfieno Cille -Deil^e, 7 m bolgach. "Domnall mac 
TTIuricha'oa fiegnafie mcipic. 

jet. 1an. CCrmo T>omini T>CC. xl. 111. 1 11511 Icrao 
LaiT>55nem piln "Doinenn 
'Oomnall m clerucacum 
epifcopi tepfam, la 11 
ceciT)iT: Concobccft T>1 ainb 
T>abefifiac 111 quo ceciTiT: 'Dub'Da'DOfp mac 
T)a auae Ceallaig cualaiiT), Cacal 7 CCiblt, 

1ti5ulacio ITiuipsuifpa piln CCnluam 1 'Ctnlam. 

Cojicumu'Dfiua'D TOH "Deipp. Lex Ciapam 
afii;ipicip, 7 lex bp.erroain yimul, la 
mac Ceallaig. TYlofif Peyigupfa mic Colmam 



epipcopi, abbai;ip 

1u^ulaT:io Colmam 
beltum Cbac m cfuo 
betlum CCilnnn 



]ct. 1an. CCnno -aomini T)cc. xl. nn. 1n nocce 
hop|\ibile 7 mi|iabile tnpum epc 111 fcelbp. 
abbap CUiana ipaip.^^ obnu, 7 Congup anco- 
Cluana cibynnne. Cummaene aua TTloenais, 
abbap Lainne leipe, mopicup,. bellum inrefi nepor:ep 



1 Ua Suanaiyh. " Descendant of 
Suanach." The " Fidhmuine . . . 
nepos Suanaich," whose "quies" is 
recorded at the year 756, infra. The 
' Law ' of Ua Suanaigh is again 
mentioned at the year 747. 

2 Dubhdoithre The "Black [man] 
of the Dothra " (the river Dodder, co. 
Dublin). This river runs through 
part of the old territory of the Ui- 
Briuin-Cualand. 

3 Bolyacli. See above, at the year 
G79. 

4 Saiyliir. Seirkieran, a parish in 
the barony of Ballybritt, King's 
County. 

* Again, iceifiutn. This seems to 



have been the second effort of Domnall 
[son of Murchad, Monarch of Ireland] 
to assume the religious state. See 
above, at the year 739. But clericatus 
is sometimes applied to a " pilgri- 
mage," and does not always mean the 
state of being in priest's orderr. 

a Lessan. Now Lissan, in the parish 
of the same name, barony of Dun- 
gannon Upper, co. Tyrone. 

7 Cliu. See note 4 , at A.D. 626, supra. 

8 Ailen-daberrach. The " two- 
peaked Island." Situation unknown. 
The Four Mast. (O'Don. ed.) at 
A.D. 739, write the name Aikn (gen. 
Ailiuln) da lernach (" two-gapped 
Island"). 









/U'Ww^ %(*v/|. 



\ 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



205 



in one summer. The 'Law ' of Ua Suanaigh, 1 ConcTienn, ^ 
daughter of Cellach Cualann, dies. iTie killing of 
Dubhdoithre, 2 King of the Ui-Briuin. Affiath, abbot 
of Magh-Bile, [dies]. Translation of the relics of Trian 
of Cill-Deilge ; and the ' bolgach.' 3 Domnall, son of 
Murchadh, begins to reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 743. The killing of Laidgnen, son of [743.] BIS. 
Doinennach, a bishop, abbot of Saighir. 4 Domnall enters 
again 5 into religion. The killing of Colman, bishop of j 
Lessan, by the Ui-Tuirtri. The battle of Cliu, 7 in which ' 
fell Conchobar of the Ui-Fidgenti. Battle of Ailen- 
daberrach, 8 in which fell Dubhdadoss, son of Murgal. 
Two grandsons of Cellach Cualann, 9 Cathal and Ailill, 
were slain. The killing of Muirges, son of Anluan, in 
Tuilan. 10 Devastation of the Corca-Modhruadh by the 
Dcisi. The 'Law' of Ciaran, 11 son of the Carpenter, and the ; 
' Law ' of Brendan, 17 alTtne same time, by Fergus, 13 son of 
CVllueh. Death of Fergus, son of Colman Cutlach, a wise 
man. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 744. A terrible and wonderful sign 
was seen in the stars at night. Forannan, abbot of 
Cluain-Iraird, died ; and Conghus, anchorite of Cluain- 
Tibrinne." Cummaene, grandson of Moenach, abbot of 
Lann-leirc, 13 dies. A battle between the Ui-Tuirtri and 



[744.] 



9 Cellach Cualann. King of Lciu- 
ster. His obit is given above, under 
the year 714. 

10 Tuilan. \ TTuilctin, A., B. Clar. 
49 has " at the hill Tula aoin." 
The place in question was probably 
Tuilen, now known as Dulane, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

11 Ciaran. Founder and patron of 
Clonmacnoise. His obit occurs at the 
year 548, supra, 

12 Brendan. St. Brendan of Clon- 
fert (ob. 576, supra). 

18 Fergus King of Connaught at 

the time. 



11 Cliuiin- Tibrinne Now known as 
Clontivrin, in the par. of Clones, co. 
Monaghan. 

15 Jfneiiach, abbot of Lann-leire. 
The obit of a Maenach, abbot of 
Lann-leire, is given above at the year 
720. He was probably the same as 
the Moenach here referred to. Lann- 
leire, which O'Donovan (Four Mast., 
A.D. 740, note w) would identify with 
Lynn, in the parish of the same name, 
barony of Fartullagh, co. Westmeath, 
has been proved by Dean Reeves to 
be the place now known as Dunleer, 
co. Louth. See Todd's Cogadh 






fll'WO 



XVII 



206 



Ful. SO bb 



T/tftftbfii 7 na hCCificeftti. Congal mac Gicmg tnc^c-ft 
7 Cucon^atr; pitmp nepomp Cacapai^ pupciuup 
; 7 ceciT>entmi: bocaitt mac Concot5aip, 7 CCititl 
nepop Caapai|. 1 n-mip icip. Da T)abul ^epcum epr. 
TDopp Conaill polccam pcfiibae. TTlopp CmnpaelaD 
pfimcipip "Dpomo Cuilmn. TYlofip piln 
abbanp ci^e "Caille. 

|ct. lanaip.. CCnno Domini DCC. xl. u. 
Cofimaicc CCco Tpuim. T)p.aconep in coelo 



TTIonf beocailt CCiwo achait*. 1mi;hoiT:im "Dun^aile 
peitlae 7 YT)uin.ceftt;ai; piln Carail. Conmaicne ceci- 
oep-unr;, 7 "Pefi^iif tucciif euappit;. CCp .h. bpium m 
T)eipcein.T> la pep^up. TYlop.p THaeleanpaic Cille acaiT> 
T)|iommopor;o. pngalLippmoeii. TTlofip'Duib'naBaipen'D 
beccari, abb CLuana auip. TTIop.p Oen^upapiln 
, abbanp Cluana poca, 7 Ciallr;p,O5 abbap 
noiT>e mopicup.. TTlofip 8ecnupai| mic 
p.epp nepocum Cennpelai^. 
. cimmiT>i 



Gaedhel re Gallaibh, Introd.,p. xl., 
note 2 , and CJiron. Scot. (ed. Ilen- 
nessy), page 136, note 2 . 

1 Alrthera. Clar. 49 translates 
Airthera by " the East partes." See 
note under the year 742. 

2 CongaL His death is recorded 
imder 747, infra. 

8 Inis-itir-da-Dabul.The "Island 
between two Dabals." In Clar. 49 it 
is stated that the battle was fought 
" at Inis between the two Davuls." 
Dabhal was the ancient Irish name of 
the Kiver Blackwater, which forms 
the boundary, for a long distance, 
between the counties of Armagh and 
Tyrone. A tributary to this river, 
called the " River Tall," which joins 
the Blackwater, after a circuitous 



course, a few miles to the north of 
Charlemont. in the county of Armagh, 
may be the second Dabhal. 

* Conall Foltchaln " Conall of 

the fair (or beautiful) hair." 

5 Druim-Cuilinn. Drumcullen, in 
the south of the barony of Eglish, 
King's County. 

6 Mac-ind-fertliaiyse. This name 
would signify " Son of the CEconomus 
(or steward)." See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 365. 

7 Tech-Taille. See note 13 , under 
the year 671, ?/>?. 

8 Ath-truim Trim, co. Meath. 

9 Ard-achadh. u High-field." Ar- 
dagh, co. Longford. 

10 Escaped. The Author of the 
version of these Annals in Clar. 49 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



207 



the Airthera. 1 Congal," son of Eicncch, was victor ; 
and Cuchongalfc, son of Ua Cathasaigh, escaped by flight ; 
and Bochaill, son of Conchobhar, and Ailill Ua Cathasaigh, 
were slain. In Inis-itir-da-Dabul 3 it was fought. Death 
of Conall Foltchain, 4 a scribe. Death of Cennfaeladh, 
superior of Druim-Cuilinn. 5 Death of Mac-ind-ferthaigse, 
abbot of Tech-Taille. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 745. The ' falling asleep ' of Cormac 
of Ath-truim. 8 Dragons were seen in the sky. Death 
of Beochall of Ard-achadh. 9 The falling by one another 
of Dungal Feille, and Muirchertach, son of Cathal. The 
Conmaicne were slain, and Fergus, who was vanquished, 
escaped. 10 A slaughter of the Ui-Briuin, of the South, 11 by 
Fergus. 12 Death of Maelanfaith of Cill-achaidh of Druim- 
fota. 13 Fingal of Lis-mor fdiedl. Death of Dubhdabhairenn, 
descendant of Beccan, abbot of Cluain-eois. Death of 
Oengus, son of Tipraiti, abbot of Cluain-fota ; u and 
Cialltrogh, abbot of Glais-noide, 15 dies. Death of 
Sechnasach, son of Colgu, King of the Ui-Ccnnselaigh. 
Profanation of Domnach-Patraicc, 16 and six prisoners 
tortured." 



[745.] 



seems to have quite misunderstood 
this entry, for he renders pefigsup 
uiccuf euapf ic by " Fergus went 
away conqueror." 

Ui-Briain of the South Probably 
the Ui-Briuin-Seola, who were seated 
in the present barony of Clare, co. 
Galway ; and therefore the most 
southern of all the septs of the Ui- 
Briuin in Connaught. 

12 Fergus. This must have been 
the Fergus, son of Cellach, King of 
Connaught, mentioned above at the 
year 743. 

18 Cill-achaidh of Druim-fota. 

'The church of the field of the long 
ridge." Now Killeigh, in the parish 
of Geashill, King's County. 



14 Cluain-fota. Now Clonfad, in 
the barony of Farbill, co. Westmealh. 

15 Glais-noide Recte " Glais- 
noiden. " Glasnevin, near Dublin. 

16 Domnach-Fatraicc. Donagh- 
patrick, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
co. Meath. See under the year 749, 
infra. 

i 7 Six prisoners tortured. ui. cirn- 
mn>i qxuci (for cyvucicrci), A., B. 
The entry is translated in Clar. 40, 
" The forcible entry (f afiuscro) of 
Donagh Patrick, and 6 prisoners 
crucified or tormented." O'Conor ren 
ders it by " Violatio Ecclesise Dun- 
patric. Sex primariorutn Midiae 
suspcnsi." ! 



208 



CCMMCClOC UlCTOil. 



]ct. 1an. (i p., t. xu.) CCnno T>ommi *DCC. xt. in. 
ali ap 747. mofif CCbeil abbcrcif Imleco "pea. 
TYHnp.6T>ai'o nmrm, iiegip nepoTrum 17lei. Cuanan 
abbap mai$i bile mopxuup epc. CCei) mtnnT>ep,5 mac 
pLai6be)n:ai5 |iex_n^ pugv^cifit: [abut;]. Secnupac mac 
Coljen fiex Lai^en obnc. Cuctnmne papienp obns. 
TTIuirne concumnne cecinic: 

Cucuimne 

Roteg -puice co Dfttunme ; 
CCtteidi tiaitl hmfiaca 
an ccutteca. 



CCnt)O Coincuimne jiotriboi 
ImjiualaiT) De coniT) foi ; 
Roteic caitleca ha pailt, 
ataitt ajiiclimboi 



Unman mac Cotmam poeca op-cimtif 'qmeuic. 

Sayiam abbacif benncaift bellum Caijin ailce la 

TYlumam, 111 quo CGCITUT: Caifipfu mac CoiTDinaifc. 

TTIop,f "Dunlamp piln "0 tin con, pep f cemuil 

ITIotif T^ua^alam abbauif Cin|u|monai. 

CCetia T)tnl3 piln Ccrcail. paufacio Comam peb^iofi .1. 

mi* Roef, 7 quief ppDacfiic abbauif T)ai|iinfe. TTlop.f 



1 Alias 747. Added in al. man. 
in A. 

~ Imlech-Fea. The same as the 
Imlech -Pich mentioned above at the 
year G87, where see note. 

3 Magh -Bile. The plain of the bile, 
or sacred tree. Now Movilla, in the 
par. of Newtownards, co. Down. 

4 Tuaiscert.^ The North." This 
term was anciently applied to the 
North of Ireland in general ; but in 
later times it was used to indicate the 
northern part of the co. Antrim, with 
the country about Coleraine in Lon- 



donderry. For the limits of Tuaiscert, 
see Reeves' Eccl. Antlqq., pp. 71, 
324. 

5 King of Lelnster. The name of 
Sechuasach does not appear in the 
list of the Kings of Leinster, contained 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 39) ; but 
his name is included among the Kings 
of Ui- Cendselaig (or South Leinster) 
in p. 40, col. 1, where he is stated to 
have reigned two years. 

6 Cucuimne. The original of these 
lines, which are not in B., are added 
in the lower margin, fol. 306, in A. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



209 



Kal. Jan, (Sund., m. 15.) A.D. 746, alias 747. 1 Death 
of Abel, abbot of Imlech-Fea. 3 Death of Muiredach M enn, 
King of the Ui-Meith. Cuauan of Glenn, abbot of Magh- 
Bile, 8 died. Aedj^Muinderg. son of Flaithbertach. King 
of the Tuaiscert, 4 [died]. Sechnasach, son of Colgu, 
King of Leinster, 5 died. Cucuimno, a wise man, died. 
Cucuimne's nurse sang : 

Cucuimno 6 

Read knowledge Juilf through ; 

The other half . . 

He abandoned for hags. 

Well for Cucuimue, as he was, 
When & chanced that he was a sage, 
He abandoned hags, 
He read again whilst he lived. 

RumanJ son of Colman, the best poet, rested. Death of 
Saran, abbot of Bangor. The battle of Carn-Ailche 8 in 
Munster, in which Cairpre, son of Cudinaisc, was slain. 
Death of Dunlang, son of Dunchu, King of Cinel-Artgail. 
Death of Tuathalan, abbot of Cmnrighmona. 9 The killing 
of Aedh Dubh, son of CathajL The rest 10 of Coman the 
Pious, i.e., of the Roes, 11 and the rest of Ferdacrich, abbot 
of Dairinis. 13 The death of Rudgal, of the 



[74G] 



4 



T Ruman Called the "Virgil of the 

Gaedhil." 

* Carn-Ailche O'Donovan sug- 
gests (Four Mail., A.D. 742, note /) 
that this was probably the place now 
called Carnelly, near the town of 
Clare, in the county of Clare. 

Annrighmona. Called " Cell- 
Eigmonaig" in the Felire ofAengu*, 
at October 11. It was the ancient 
name of St. Andrews, in Scotland. See 
Reeve's Adamnan, p. 385, note /. 



11 Roes. 1m> fxoip, "of the Ros,' 
Four Mast. (A.D. 712). (_ Supposed, 
but on no sufficient authority, to be 
lios-Comain,jno\<f Hoscommon, in the 
co. RoRCommon. See O'Donovan's 
cd. of the Four Mast., A.D. 746, note . 

12 Dairini*." Oak Island." Other- 
wise called Dairinia-Maelanfaiuii. 
Now known as Molana, an island in 
the Blackwater, a few niiies to the 
N.W. of Youghul. 



210 



uloroti. 



popcea 



T>1 ,qi5rn. Cfuiep lacobi 1 apannain, 
maximi cempope puo. 
I). jet. laiiaip. CCnno T>ormr)i T>CC. xL tm. 

CCpapcaic abaiD TYluiccinnpe Reguil. Cfuiep Guam 
caimt> papierrap. Klix inpobuae masmmj'oinip, ica Uo 
pene pecopa -oeleca punc rosiup mbeprne 
mpobca piccicace muiroup exappiu. 
rai nepouiv Coriain^ pe^if Ciannacue. 
"OoDirnoc aiico|n-ac, abbaoi]^ Ctuana ipcniiDT) 7 Cille 
T>a|io. "Oocumai v a 1 )<lC1l T' inin}ieiin pba Celled^ 
Foi. 3ia, Ctialann, yiepna Ija^alais, indinuncufi. Occiffio Con- 
Saile mic 6101115, V-^T 11ct n-ai|iceti, i]ipaiu Sfclai. 
Lex aui Suanaic pop. Leic Cumn. plann popbce mac 
Posepcaig, Ctian anchoipica ol/itcac, 

}ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomini T)CC. xt. uni. 
Cacufai piln CCilello ippaic beicec pegip Cpturne. 
TYlopp bpepml mic Col^en, abbauif "Pepnaim Com- 
Cluana pepra Ojien'oain. Combupcio CiUe 
CCe-oam pibi Oen^uppa. betlum aip.Te Cian- 
nccclrcae, 111 quo ceciTdr; CCibtl mac "OtnVoacpic, pi 
CCp-D-oa oa CinnpaeUro, m quo ceci-Dic "Domnall mac 
Cinccoon 1 ppiDjinn, IT> epc pex qtn uicic ppiup. TTlopp 



1 Jacob. This entry, which is 
added in al. man. in A. , is not in B. ; 
but it is in Glar. 49. 

2 Mucinis Riagail. "Riagal'sPig- 
island." The festival day of St. Riagal, 
\vho gave name to this island, is set 
down in the Calendars of Donegal 
and Aengus at October 16 ; and it is 
stated that the place was in Loch- 
Deirgdeirc, now Lough-Derg, an ex- 
pansion of the Shannon between 
Portumna and Killaloe. O'Conor en- 
tirely misunderstood the name-ft/a^/atY, 
which he renders by " ab alienigenis," 
as if he thought it represented the 
words urn gaU/aib, " by Foreigners." 

8 Dodlmoc " Thy little Dimma." 



This name is also written Afodimoc, 
" My little Uimma." 

4 Docmuai. "Thy Cumai." Also 
written Alocumai, " My Cumai.'' 
O'Conor wrongly prints Dochumai do 
chuain, and translates "mo?rore," 
thinking that the Annalist intended to 
represent Dodimoc, referred to iu the 
preceding entry, as having died " of 
grief "! O'Donovan falls into tho 
same error. (Four Mast., VoL I., 
p. 847, note o). 

5 Muirenn She was the mother of 
Cinaedh, King of Ireland, whose 
death is recorded above,at theyear 727. 

6 'Zaw' of Ua Suanaiyh ~ See 
above at the year HI 









ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



211 



The rest of Jacob, 1 descendant of Forannan, the greatest << C 
preacher in his time. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 747. Drowning of Arascach, abbot of [747] MS. 
Mucinis-Riagail. 2 The rest of Cuan Cam, a wise man. 
Snow of unusual quantity, so that almost all the cattle of 
Ireland were destroyed; and the world afterwards was 
parched from unusual drought. Death of Indrechtach 
Ua Conaing, King of Cianachta. The ' falling asleep ' of 
Dodim6c, 8 anchorite, abbot of Cluain-Iraird and Cill-dara. 
Documai, 4 the Wise, Muirenn, 5 daughter of Cellach 
Cualann, queen of Irgalach, died. The slaying of Congal <f- fy- 
son of Eicnech, King of the Airthera, in Rath-escla. 
The ' Law ' of Ua Suanaigh 6 over Leth-Chuinn. 7 Flann 
Forbthe, 8 son of Fogartach, and Cuan, anchorite from 
Lilcach, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 748. The killing of Cathasach, son of 
Ailill, King of the Cruithni, 9 in Rath-beithech. 10 Death 
of Bresal, son of Colgu, abbot of Feriia. Burning of 
Cluain-ferta-Brendain. Burning of Cill-mor of Aedan 11 the 
son of Oengus. The battle of Ard-Cianachta, in which 
Ailill, son of Dubhdacrich, King of Ard-Ua-Cinnfaelaidh, 
was slain, and in which fell Domnall, son of Cinadon, 12 in 



^ v / 



'Lelh- Cltuinn.' ' Conn's Half." The 
northern half of Ireland. 

8 Flann Forbthe. The death of a 
" Flann Forbthe, son of Fogartagh," 
is entered under the year 715 supra. 

9 Cruithni. The Cruithni, or Picts, 
of Ulad. The Four Masters, who 
record the death of Cathasach at the 
year 749, call him " King of Ulad." 
His name occurs as one of the kings 
of that province in the list contained 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 41, col. 3). 

10 Rath -Jei(/tecA-0'Donovan con- 
sidered this place to be Rathbeagh, a 
townland in the barony of Galmoy, 
co. Kilkenny. Four Mast., A.D. 749, 
note w. But he was probably in 



error. The name is written Rath- 
betha in the Book of Leinster, p. 41, 
col. 3. 

11 Cill-mor of Aedan. The Martyr, 
oj Donegal, at Aedan's daj r (Nov. 2), 
states that this church was in Ui- 
Meith-Macha, a district in the co. 
Mouagliau. The name seems to bo 
now represented by Kilmore, a parish 
in the barony and county of Monaghan. 
12 Cinadon. CiaT>o (for Cm croon ), 
the genit form, A., B. "Ciandon," 
Clar. 49. The Four Mast. (744) 
write the name " Cionaodo " (gen. 
form), i.e., " of Cionadh,'' or Cinaedh, 
which is probably more correct. 

P *> 

i -t 



[748.] 



212 



(XNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



Coipppi mic Tnupccroo TDnDe 7 becc baili mic 6cac, 
7tibipabbcrcipmai5i bile ; 7uenuip mapiup. "Dimep- 
pio pamiliae 1ae. TYlopp Conaill abbanp'Come speme. 
Nauep m aepe uipae puns cum puip uipip, op cmn 
Clucmcc mic "Noip. 

]ct. lancnp. (Xnno Domini T>CC. xt. ix. Combupno 
"Pot5aip7 combupi;io''OoiTmai5 phcrcpaig. TTlopp Sucnp- 
lic eppcoip "Pobcnp. Cfuiep Con^uppo epfcoip 
TDacae. betturn Cato hie ince 
111 quo ceciT)ic 130101155011 mac 
Oen^Uffa- TTlofif Cacnl ITlainmai^e, pegif nepot:um 
TTlaine. CCu imp 'oepepiuup. TDopp aui Cuipc Cille 
^apo. TTlofif comafipais pitn Cealtam, abba^ip Citte 
mope 6imp. TTDopp CoiTomaipc nepocip "Peps^uppo, in 
auit) pmcpac. lugutauio piacpac mic CCileni pegip 
Tno5T)aipne, 7 bpepcnl mic CCe-oo pom. CCicbe ptcrco 
Oen^uppa. TDopp "Dui^Dateiui abbacip citte Scipe. 
TDac "Nemnaill abbap bipop mopruup epc. TTlopp 
Concocai pitn TTIoims. 

|ct. 1anmp. CCnno T)omim T)cc. 1. TTlopp plcnnT) 
Congaile pe^ip nepocum "poil^i. TDopp 
pitn pogep^ail pe^ip -oeipcep-D bpe^. Com- 



1 Family. The Four Mast., at 744, 
say " a great number of the family." 

2 Fobhar. Fore, in the barony of 
Fore, co. Westmeath ; where there 
are some fine ruins of a monastery, 
and other ancient remains. '- 

3 Domnach - Patraic. Donagh- 
patrick, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
co. Meath. See above, at year 745, 
where a curious entry regarding 
Donaghpalrick is given. 

* Congus. In the list of the 
Comarbs, or successors, of St. Patrick 
contained in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 3), Congus is distin- 
guished by the epithet pcyubni'o, or 
"scribe." See Todd'e St. 



p. 181. The Ann. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 732, have some Irish verses 
attributed to Congus. 

5 Cato. The MSS. A. and B. 
have Cacohic ; but Clar. 49 has 
" Bellum Cato hie." Catohic may 
possibly be a mistake for Catonic. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 385, note m. 
' 6 Au-inis. The " Island of Au." 
Not Identified. 

7 Ua Cuirc. " Descendant (or 
grandson) of Core." This person, 
whose real name is not known, is 
not found in the ordinary lists of 
the abbots or ecclesiastics of Kil- 
dare. 

s Cill-mor-Einir, Or Cill-mor- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



213 



[740.] 



the heat of battle, to wit, the king who conquered at 

first. Death of Coirpre, son of Murchadh Mide, and of 

Becc Baili son of Echa, and of Liber abbot of Magh-Bile ; cf 7 1 5 > * * 

and great wind. Drowning of the Family 1 of la. Death 

of Conall, abbot of Tuaim-greine. Ships, with their \ f, 7. 

crews, were seen in the air, over Clonmacnoise. / L-^i 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 749. Burning of Fobhar, 2 and bum- 
ing of Domnach-Patraic. 3 Death of Suairlech, bishop of 
Fobhar. 8 The rest of Congus/ bishop of Ard-Macha. 
The battle of Cato, 8 in this year, between the Picts and 
Britons, in which fell Talorgan son of Fergus, the brother 
of Oengus. Death of Cathal of Maenmagh, King of the 
Ui-Maine. Au-inis 8 is deserted. Death of Ua Cuirc, 7 of 
Cill-dara. Death of Comarpach son of Ceallan, abbot of 
Cill-mor-Enir. 8 Death of Cudinaisc, descendant of 
Fergus, of the Ui-Fiachrach. The killing of Fiachra 
son of Alen, King of Moghdarna, and of Bresal son of 
Aedh Roen. End 9 of the reign of Oengus. 10 Death of 
Dubhaleithej 1 abbot of Cill-Scire. 12 Mac Nemhnaill, 
abbot of Birr, dies. Death of Cucothaigh son of ' 
Moenach. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 750. Death of Flann descendant of [7501 
Congal, 18 King of the Ui-Failghi. . Death of Fergus" 
son of Fogartach, King of the South of Brega. Burn- 






Maighe Einir, the " big church of 
Magh-Einir." Now Kilmore, a few 
miles to the east of the city of 
Armagh. 

* End. ctlibe ; lit. ebb, decay, or 
extinction. O'Conor inaccurately 
renders the entry by "Atbli ducis 
Oengusii." 

10 Oengus Seemingly Dengue, son 
of Fergus, King of the Picts, referred 
to above at the years 728, 730, 733, 
735, and 740. 

Dubhdaleithe. The Four Mast., 
who give his obit at A.D. 745, call him 
Dubhdd'eithe " of the writing," He 



was probably the compiler of the 
work from which a quotation is given 
in this Chronicle at the year 628 
supra. 

12 Cill'Scire, Kilskeery, co.Meath. 

11 Conyal. Flann descendant of 
Congal. The Flann Ua Congaile 
mentioned above at the year 737. 

14 Fergus. Originally written. 
Percale (gen. of Pefijal) in A., 
over which name uel Peyigupa 
appears in the original hand ; with 
which correction MS. B. agrees. 
Clar. 49, however, has " Mora 
Fwgail." 



214 



CCMMCClCC Ulcct)tl. 



bupno JLecoij\le Cluana ipaiprvo in ballenio. tTlopp 
ecroac Cille romae. TTIopp Cell T)ulappi o "Dantump. 
Foi. 3ia&. TTlopp Colman na m-bpemn mic "Paelam, abbanp 
Slame, 7 bp,an mac baecbeqii mopirup. TTlopp 
piln T)uibpleit)e, abbanp Cluana auip. TTlopp 
abbanp lecnae TniTie. TTlopp 1Tlaeleimopvcain, 
eppcoip 6cTip.oma. 

]ct. lanaip,. CCnnoT)omini Tcc.l.i. TTloppCilleine 
op-ocns uncopirae 1ae. Caual mac popinT)ain abbap 
Cille "oapo, Cummene nepop becce pebpopup 650, 
moprui punc. TT)ofip T)icolla piln TTleni7)i, abba^ip 
mnpe TnuipeDaig, 7 mop,p Con^uppo ceci pcpibae, ab- 
bauip Leic moin. TYlocomec. TTIopvp "Piacna nepoi:ip 
TTlacnia-D, abbar;ip clona pepra bpenamn. TTIopp 
plaicbepT;ai5 piln Conaill mmn, pe^ipgenepip Coipppi. 
1nT>p,echcac mac TTliii|ieT)ai mmn mopicup. TTIopp 
")2oiT)minn mic "Pallaig, pepp Conaile TTlupreimne. 
TTIopp Cilleni piln Con^aile m hi. TTIopp Conamg 
nepoz:ip "Dui^DUin, pe^ip Coipppi 'Cerbae. TDopp 
TTlaeleruile abbcrcip "dpi -oa glap. TTIopp Opbpam 



1 1 kth-airle.' 1 "half-airle." . This 
means the "half of the granary," 
according to O'Donovan. (Four 
Mast., A.D. 746). 

2 In ballenio. ' In vellenio,' Tiyer- 
nach. The meaning is not very clear. 
Clar. 49 has "Comhustio lethairle 
Cluana Iraird m Ballenio," where 
' Ballenio ' is taken for a man's name. 
The record possibly means that half 
the corn of the establishment was 
burned in the kiln. 

3 Cele-Dulassr. This name signi- 
fies the "cele" (socius) of "Dulassi," 
a variation of the name of Molassi, 
or Molaisse, the founder and patron 
of Daimhinis, or Devenish (in Loch- 
Erne). 



4 Clualn-eois. Clones, co. Mon- 
aghan. 

^Lecan-Midhe. " Lecan of Meath." 
Now Leckin, " an old church, near 
Bunbrusna, in the bar. of Corkaree, 
co. "Westmeath." See Four Mast., 
O'Donovan's ed., A.D. 746, note g. 

6 Eclidhruim. " Horse-ridge." 
Now Aughrim, in a parish of the 
same name, and barony of Kilconnell, 
co. Galway. 

7 Cillene 'droctech.' "Cillene the 
' bridge-maker.' " Although here 
called merely " anchorite," Cillene 
appears to have been abbot of la, or 
lona. See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 382. 
The number 320 is added in the 
margin in A., probably to signify 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



215 



ing of the ' letlvairlo n of Cluain-Iraird in ' ballenio. 8 
Death of Echaid of Cill-toma. Death of Cele-Dulassi 8 
of Daimh-inis. Death of Colman of the Britons, son of 
Faelan, abbot of Slane ; and Bran, son of Baeth-bethri, 
dies. Death of Nuadu son of Dubhsleibhe, abbot of 
Cluain-eois. 4 Death of Fursu, abbot of Lecan-Midhe. 8 
Death of Mael-imorchair, bishop of Echdhruim. 6 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 751. Death of Cillene ' droctech,' 7 [751] BIS. 
anchorite of la. Cathal, son of Forandan, abbot of Cill- 
dara, and Cummeno descendant of Becc, a devout man of 
Egg, 8 died. Death of Dichuill, son of Menid, abbot of 
Inis-Muiredhaigh ; 9 and death of Conghus ' Caech,' scribe, 
abbot of Liath-mor of Mochoemoc. 10 Death of Fiachna, 
descendant of Macniadh, abbot of Clonfert-Brendan. 
Death of Flaithbertach, son of Conall Menn, King of the 
Cinel-Coirpri. Indrechtach, son of Muiredach Menn, 
dies. Death of Foidmenn, son of Fallach, King of 
Conaille Murteimhne. Death of Cillene, 11 sen of Congal, 
in Hi. Death of Conang Ua Dubhduin, King of the 
Coirpri of Tethbha. 12 Death of Maeltuile, abbot of Tir- 



( 



that this year is the 320th rear from 
the commencement of these Annals 
(431). 

8 Devout man oj Egg fxetegiopup 
650, A. j\eti5ioppif, B., which 
omits (^50. The copy of the entry 
in Clar. 49, though confused, is in 
agreement with A. By Egg is meant 
the island of Eigg, of! the coast of 
Inverness, Scotland. See above, at 
the year C16. 

* fnis- Muiredhalyh. Tnishmurrny, 
a well-known island off the coast of 
the barony of Carbury, co. Sligo, 
containing some remarkable remains 
of its ancient importance. 
. I0 Liath-mor of Mochoemoc. Now 
Leamokevogc, in the parish of Two- 



Mile-Borris, barony of Eliogarty, co. 
Tipperary. The obit of its founder, 
Mochoemhoc, or ' rulcherius,' is given 
above at the year Goo. 

11 Cillene. Dean Reeves thinks that 
this Cillene, son of Congal, was pro- 
bably brother to " Slcbhine, son of 
Congal," abbot of lona from A.D. 752 
to 767. Adamnan, p. 385. 

12 Coirpri of Tethlha. The terri- 
tory of this branch of the powerful 
tribe of Cinel-Coirpri, is now partly 
represented by the barony of Granard, 
in the county of Longford. Tethbha, 
sometimes written Tebktha, was in 
later times known as " Teflia," See 
O' Donovan's ed. of O'Dubhagain's 
Topng. Poem, note M . 



216 



CCNNOtOC UlCCt)tl. 



ancopice 7 epipcopi Cluana cpeama. fflopp Recra- 
bpac nepocif uaipe, abbasip "Uomrnae speme. 1T)opp 
*OeT>imi nepotip iigatn, papiensip Cluana. "poiyi-D-obe 
bpecpi^e -DO cfemul Coipppi 1 celais prroin. "Poipixobe 
Caillpi5e luips la uu bpium.^ 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CC. t. n. 8ol t;ene- 
bpopup. "OopmiTxrcio TDaccoi^eT) abbcrcip Liff TTloip. 
Cfuie^ LucfH'D abbcrciy ctona mic tl "Hoif. Lex Colinm 
cille la "Oomnall TT)iTe. TTlo]if Cellam abbanf 
cluana pepra bpenamn. TTlopf Scannlani T>um le- 
OcaiT> nepof THoinai^ pex nepocum maccu 
TTlopp IQoM 1 - Tnopp "Pepblai mic 
-papiennf. . Inceppecno nepot:urn CCilello 
la ^peccpaip. . TDopp Scannlai^i cluana Oaipenn. 
TTIopf ]2uip.fi eppomac n-6ipc. Tnilmop'oopala'Docum 
wpe 1 m-baipciu mT> aimpip pacnai mic CCeTa pom 
tllaf, 7 rpi pmcla oip ma chirm, 7.1. un^cnti 
piacail T>i5, co pu^at) piacail T)it5, co paibi pop 
bermchaip an blia-oam pi, pcibcer anno -Domini 752. 



1 Tir-da-glass. This name signifies 
the " land of the two streams.'' Terry- 
glass, in the barony of Lower Ormond, 
co. Tipperary. '. !.v ': 

-.2 Cluain-creamha. .Now Cloon- 
craff, in the parish of the same name, 
barony and county .of Roscommon. 
The name Cluain-creamha. signifies 
the " Lawn (or meadow) of the 
Wild Garlic." 

8 Cluain, i.e., Clonmacnoise, in the 
King's county. 

4 Brecrighe. This was the name 
of a tribe . situated in Magh-Brec- 
raighe, in the N.AV. of the co. of 
Westmeath, adjoining the county of 
Longford, in which the Cinel-Coirpri 
were at this time located. . O'Conor 
blunders most egregiously regarding 
this entry, in his ed. of these Annals. 

5 Telach-Findin. This place, the 



name of which would now be written 
Tullatinneen, or Tullyfinneen, has not 
been identified. 

6 Calrighe of Lurg. A sept of the 
Calraighe, seated in the district of 
Magh-Luirg, or Moylorg, co. Ros- 
common. " 

i 7 Domnall of Meath. This was 
Domnall, son of Murchad, King of 
Ireland,, whose accession is recorded 
above, at the year 712. He was 
probably called Domnall Mide ("Dom- 
nall of Meath"), from having been 
the first of the Meath branch of the 
Ui-Neill who became King of Ireland. 
See Boole of Leinster, p. 42, col. 1. 

8 Dun-lethglaisi. Downpatrick, 
co. Down. See note \ at the year 
583, supra. . .. ; . 

9 Ui-mic-Uais. See note 12 , at 
A.D. 597, supra, ; 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



217 



da-glas. 1 Death of Osbran, anchorite and bishop of 
Cluain-creamha. 8 Death of Rechtabrat, descendant of 
Guaire, abbot of Tuaim-greine. Death of Dedimus, 
grandson of Ligan, sage of Cluain. 8 The annihilation of 
the Brecrighe 1 by the Cinel-Coirpri, in Telach-Findin. 5 The 
annihilation of the Callrighe of Lurg, 6 by the Ui-Briuin. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 752. A^ dark sun. The 'falling' asleep 
of Macoiged, abbot of Lis-mor. The rest of Lucridh, 
abbot of Cluain-mic-U-Nois. The 'Law' of Colum Cillo 
by Domnall of Meath. 7 Death of Cellan, abbot of Clonfert- 
Brendan. Death of Scannlan of Dunlethglaisi. 8 Echaidh, 
descendant of Moenach, King of the Ui-mac-Uais, 9 dies. 
Death of Mobai. Death of Ferbla son of Nargus, a wise 
man. The killing of the Ui-Ailella 10 by the Grecraighi. 11 
Death of Scannlach of Cluain-Bairenn. 12 Death of Fursa 
of Es-mac-nEirc. ls A whale was cast ashore in Bairche, 14 
in the time of Fiachna son of Aedh Roin, King of Ulad, 
which had three teeth of gold in its head, and 50 ounces in 
each tooth of them, and one of the teeth was taken to, and 
was on the altar of Bennchair 15 this year, to wit, A.D. 752. 



_ 7^ \\f\\, 



10 Ui-Ailelta. " Descendants of 
AililL" See above at the year 742, 
note. 

11 The Grecraighi. Otherwise 
called the " Grecraighi of Loch- 
Techet." Loch Techet was the ancient 
name of Lough-Gara, between the 
counties of Sligo and Roscommon. 
The territory of the Grecraighe is 
believed to have comprised the entire 
of the present barony of Coolavin, co. 
Sligo, and a portion of the co. Roscom- 
mon. See O'Flaherty's Ogygia, part 
III., cap. xlri. 

12 Cluain-Bairenn Now known as 
Cloonburren, in the barony of Moy- 
carnan, co. Roscommon. 

is Es-mac-nEirc. The " Cascade of 
the sons of Ere." r Also called " Es- 
Dachonna" and " Es-Ui-Fhloinn." 



Now known as Assylin, near Boyle, 
co. Roscommon. 

i* Bairche. Dean Reeves has satis- 
factorily proved that this was the 
ancient name of the territory now 
forming the barony of Mourne, co. 
Down. Eccl. Antiqq,, p. 205 tq. 
The Mourne Mountains were known 
as Btnna Bairchf, the "Peaks of 
Bairche." The Four Matters record 
this prodigy at the year 739. But 
Fiachna son of Aedh Roin was not 
then King of Ulad. His obit is 
given at the year 788 infra ; and as 
the Book of Leintter (p. 41, col. 3) 
gives the duration of Fiachna's reign 
as 38 years, he could not have been 
King of Ulad before A.D. 750. Clar. 
49 has no notice of the prodigy, 
i* Bennchair Banger, co. Down. 









218 



UlCfOtl. 



.0. 



Cfuic-p 
neposip 
beltum 



let. lanaip. CCnno oomim T>CC. l. 111. 
p.lain-0 pitn Concobaip. pepp maip CCii. 
mac taibept;ai5 pex ^ene-pip Conaitl 
Steibene abbap 1ae m hibeii.ni am uenvu. 
Foi. 3Ua. Ceppam T)oimliacc. liisulcrcio CmnpaeUro 
Cuileni. poipsbe pouapu peae T>O Opfii^ui. 
aip.T>T> tloipcan inrep. nepocep bjiiinn 7 ^enup 
m quo ceci-oepunr; rmiloi. TTIo|ip CCbeil a^o Omnae. 
Oellum niT:ep, neporep 'Cmpqai nnnceni. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno Tomini T>CC. t. 1111. TTIop,p 
plai^ma-o mic 'Cnumis, pegip nepoictim TTlei^. Com- 
btipno cliiana mic "Moip m ecu ]cb. CCppitip. 
Pacpac map,sapuai|e. petcmaipe mac 
Camt mac Thapmata papienp, "Doel^yp abbap citle 
Scipe, mop^tn punr;. In-opeccac mac TMucaif; pex 
nepocum TYlam, ptaicma mac plamn nepocip Congaile 
p.ex nepomim "Poilgi, pian^atac mac CCnmcha-oa piln 
TTlaelecupaic, abb 1nnpe bo pinne pop loc Hi, TTlacc 
Uoncon TII cemtil Coipppi, Sneiuceipi; abb n 
mop.r;ui pnnT:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CC. t. 
benncaip moep m pepia paqucn. 
CeaUaig (no pouhai-5 ^ai-oeips mic 
Connacc, CCitgat ancopiT~a CtuanalCopmaic 
epipcopup meruip ctnpm, baeallac mac Cotmam 



CombtipT:id 
mac 
) pi 



1 Daim-Hacc. " Stone-house " (or 
"church"). Duleek, co. Meath. 

2 Fotharta-Feu. The tribe-name of 
a sept inhabiting the district now 
represented by the barony of Forth, 
co. Carlos. 

3 Ard-Nmscan Ardnyskine, near 

Ardagh, co. Longford, according to 
O'Donovan ; Four Mast., A.D. 749, 
note t. But the site of the battle 
may have been Ardneeskan, in the 
barony of Tirerrill, co. Sligo. 

4 Martar-tech. This name signi- 



fies "House of relics," or "Kelic- 
house." It has not been identified. 

5 CUl-Stire^ Kilskeer, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

*Bangor the Great. -benncai|i 
moep,. The great monastery of 
Bangor in the co. of Down. 

/ Fotkad gai-deirg ; i.e. " Fothad 
of the red dart " (or " spear"). The 
original of this clause is added in the 
margin in A., in a later hand. B. 
does not mention Cellach., but describes- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



219 



[753.] 



[754.] 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 753. Death of Fhmd son of Copcho- 
bar, King of Magh-Ai. Loingsech son of Flaithbertach, 
King of Cinel-Conaill, dies. Sleibene, abbot of la, comes 
to Ireland. The rest of Cerpan of Daim-liacc. 1 The 
killing of Cennfaeladh descendant of Culeni. The devas- 

O 

tatiori of the Fotharta-Fea, 2 by the Osraigi. The battle 
of Ard-Noiscan, 3 between the Ui-Briuin and the Cinel- 
Coirpri, wherein many were slain. Death of Abel of Ath- 
omna. A battle among the Ui-Tuirtri, between each other. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 754. Death of Flaitlmia son of 
Tnuthach, King of the TJi-Meith. Burning of Cluain-mic- 
Nois, on the 12th of the Kalends of April. Death of 
Fiachra of Martar-tech.* Felcmaire son of Comgall ; n/r 
Cathal son ofTDiarmaicl, a wise man ; Doelgus, abbot of 
Cill-Scire, 5 died. Indrechtach son of Dluthach, King of 
the Ui- Maine ; Flaitlmia, son of Flann Ua Congaile, 
King of the Ui-Failghi; Fiangalach, son of Anmchad, 
son of Maelcuraich, abbot of Inis-bo-finde on Loch-Ri; 
Mac Ronchon, of the Cinel-Coirpri, and Sneithcheisfc 
abbot of Nendrum, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 755. Burning of Bangor the Great, [755] BIS. 
on the festival of Patrick. Fergus son of Cellach (or of 
Fothadh Gai-deirg, 7 son of Muiredach), King of Con- 
naught ; Ailgal, anchorite 8 of Cluain-CwHWUC ; 9 Forindan, 
bishop of Methus-tuimi, 10 and Baethallach, son of Colman 



/? J" 



Fergus as the son of Fothadh Red- 
spear, son of Muiredach. Clar. 49 
says " Fergus son of Cella," and 
does not notice the alteration suggested 
in A. The Four Mast. , at A.D.751 , give 
the obit of " Fergus, son of Ceallach, 
King of Connaught." Fergus is also 
called " son of Cellach " ( mac 
CeUxxig) in the Book of Leimter, 
(p. 41, col. 1). He was probably 
the " Fergus son of Cellach " men- 
tioned at the year 743 supra, in con- 



nection with the ' Law ' of St. Ciaran, 
and the ' Law ' of St. Brendan. 

8 Anchorite. ccncoiyucct, A. 

9 Clnain-Cormaic. The " Lawn 
(or meadow) of Cormac." The Four 
JMast.,at A.I>. 751, say that Ailgal 
was anchorite of Imlech-Fordeorach. 
But neither place has been identified. 

10 Meihus-tutrm. So in A. and B. 
"Methius-truim," Clar. 49. "Methas- 
Truim " in Four Mast. (A.n. 751J. 
This place has not been identified. 



A I T& Ufv 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



ol. 31M. 



220 



neponp Suibne, moprui punc. . Slo^aT) laien la 
"Domnall ppi Wiall, co paba^ap 1 mai TDuipreimne. 
"Mauppaguim "Delbnae m pcagno Ri ep^a "oucem .1. 
"Diumapac, (. 1 . ocxx eap, 7 111 cepna Dib ache luche 
aen eraip). bellum ^ponnae ma^nae m quo gen up 
ppopcpacum epe. ..j 




]ct. 

iT)TTiuine 
6T>albalT) 
mope 



CCnno 



T>CC. t. in. 



ID 



Cfuiep i 
8unaic. 



Saxonum mofiit:u|i. Combupno Cille 
o auib Cpemuamn. . TTlopp pincon 
moip. Oellum Cinn -pebpac muep 
TDutriunenpep muicem, m quo ceciDii; bo-obgal ppmn- 
cepp TDun^aipT:. T)oprmi;acio iaf>ail Im-oe -ouacait. 
Pep|up mac Con^aile, 'Comatrac pi Ciaimachr;a gtmne 
CuiD^at ancopica, CCilDobup abbap TTHiccipi;, 
punc. Uisulacio T)uirm mic Cumupcai pi 
.tl. mbpiuin m DeipceipT:. Lex Columbae cille la 
Sleibene. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini "occ. l. un. "Miallgup 
mac boi^ pex na n-T)eippe m-bpe^, TYluipeT)ac mac 
Copmaic plana abbap Lusmai-o, Cacal pi nepoeum 
Cennpelai, T)omnall mac .plainn T>eip5^e, Olpm 
^laippe noiT>e, CCe-b mac Copmaic lepi Cianiiacr, 
piT)baT>ac Cille Deil^e, mopcui punt:. Celeperap (a 



1 Over against. efij;cc, A. B. 
The Four Mast. (751) say im a 
ccijeifina, " with their lord." 

2 Boats. The original of this 
clause is interlined in al. man. in A., 
by way of gloss. B. has " xxx 
ecctfi pfiecejx unum," which sub- 
stantially agrees with the addition in 
A. 

8 Gronn-mor gfiormcce magncte, 
A. B. Clar. 49 reads Crane magnce. 
The place has not been identified. 

4 Ua Suanaigh " Descendant (or 
nepoi) of Suanach." See above at 



the years 741 and 747, where the 
'Law* of Ua Suanaigh" is men- 
tioned; and Martyr. Donegal at May 
16. 

3 Cill-mor-dithraibh. See note on 
this name under the year 734 supra. 

6 Cenn-Febrat. " This was the 
ancient name of a part of the moun- 
tain of Sliabh Riach, to the south of 
Kilmallock, on the confines of the 
counties of Limerick and Cork.'' 
O'Donov. FourMast.,A.D. 18G, note a;. 

7 Between each other. inuicem, 
A. B. '- 



ANNALS OF ULSTJ2R. 



Ua Suibne, died. The hosting of Leinster by Domnall, 
against Niall, until they were in Magh-Murtheimne. . ^i ^ 

Shipwreck of the Delbhna in Loch-Ri, over against 1 jrfyw c 
their leader, i.e., Diumasach (viz., 30 boats, 8 and only the fcww 
company of one boat of them escaped). The battle of 
Gronn-mor, 8 in which the Cinel-Coirpri was overthrown. 
JN Kal. Jan. A.D. 75 C. Rest of Fidhmuine, i.e., Ua [756.] 
{HSsuanaigh,* anchorite of JRathin. ^Ethelbald, King of 

the Saxons, dies. Burning of Cill-inor-dithraibh 5 by o^ ^^J 

the Ui-Cremthainn. Death of Finnchu, abbot of Lis- 

mor. Battle of Cenn-Febrat 8 among the Munstermen, 

between each other, 7 in which Bodbgal, superior of fy** 

Mungairt, 8 was slain. The ' falling asleep ' of Siadhal 

of Linu-Duachail. Fergus, son of Congal ; Tomaltach, King ct^/fa tflf ^ 

of Cianachta of Glenn-geimhin ; 9 Cuidghal, an anchorite, 

and Aildobur, abbot of Muccert, died. The killing of 

Donn, son of Cumuscach, King of the Ui-Briuin of the 

South. The ' Law ' of Colum-Cille, by Sleibene. 10 <f r 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 757. Niallghus, son of Boeth, King of 
theDeisi-Bregh ; u Muiredach, son of Cormac-Slana, 18 abbot 
of Lughmadh ; Cathal, King of Ui-Cennselaigh ; Domnall, 
son of Flann Deirgge ; Elpin of Glais-Noiden ; 13 Aedh, son 
of Cormac, half-king of Cianachta, and Fidhbadhach of 
Cill-dcilge, died. Cele-Petair (from Crich-Bresail)," 



[757.J 






9 Mungairt. Now Mungret, a few 
miles to the S.W. of the city of 
Limerick. 

9 Cianachta of Glenn- geimhin. 
See note 7 under the year G80, and 
note 4 under 694, supra. . 

10 Skibene. Abbot of la from 752 
to 767. The 'Law,' or tribute, of 
St Colum-Cille is referred to again 
at the year 777. 

n Deui-Bregh The territory of 
this tribe, which was otherwise called 
Dtisi-Temrach (or " Deises of Tara "), 
is now represented by the baronies of 



Upper and Lower Dcecc, iu the county 
of Meath. 

" Slana. " Of Slane." The Four 
Mast., at A.D. 753, write the word 
Slaine (in the genit. case). 

13 Glals- Noiden. Glasnevin, near 
Dublin. 

"From Crich-B>-etail. Th6 ori- 
ginal of this clause, which 13 not in 
!>., is added in a/, man. in A. In the 
List of the comarbada, or successors, 
of St Patrick contained in the Book 
ofLeintter (p. 42, col. 3), Cele-Petair 
is stated to have been "from Druim- 



222 

cpich bp.eapail)abbap ap.T)T> TTlacae [obitc]. TTlapxu pba 
maicc "Dubain, T>ominacim Cille T>ap.o, obnu. bellum 
T)p.omap,obai5 uicep, nepocep Pacp.ach7 nepocep bp.ium, 
111 quo ceciTep.unc T/aT)^ mac TTluiji'oibuii'i 7 nepouef 
qiep Cellaic, Cacfiannac, Ca^cmug, CCyi^bpan. CCilill 
nepop 'Dunco'oa uicz:op, puic. 

|Ct. lanaip.. CCuno T>omini T>CC. l. uni. SlogaTiac 
mac ^Oonn^aile Te ^enepe coip.pp.1, 6caiT mac Conaill 
mmn abbap poibpam, pop-ouban bpecaipe, "Oomnall 

mac CCe-oa la^en, SmDail mac Luait; -Doccon, Ocai-o 

*< 'U 

mac pacpac papienp, mopcui funi;. Oellum Gmnae 

Tllacae, ubi "Dun^al nepop Conaing 7 T)onnbo 
pecui punr;. "Piacna mac CCetio pom uiccop. 

TJimcrcutcnj T)onn bo bafie 

Co cqi5aib a rxige ; 

ConiT) cal m aT)bai huip,e, 

1aft cat Chtnle ciyie. 

"Cecht; hi ftiab T>a|i eip, 
tlo ac Tjeiyigi m 'Daim tiac; 
*Doltoca|i hi cmnn 
-8uiti caich noticiat:. 



chetna in Ui-Bresail." TJi-Bresail, 
or Clann-Bresail, was the name of a 
tribe (and also of their territory) 
situated in the present barony of 
Oneilland East, in the county of 
Armagh. 

1 Abbess. "ooTninacifux, A., B., 
and Clar. 49. 

s Grandsons ofCellach. The Four 
Mast., at A.D. 753, state that the three 
persons, whose names follow in the 
entry, were sons of Fergus, son of 
Roghallach. But this is incorrect, as 
their father Fergus [vid. 744-, supra] 
was son of Cellach [King of Con- 
naught, ob. 704, supra], son of 
Kaghallach [also K. of Connaught], 
whose death is entered above at the 
year 648. 



3 Dunchadh, i.e., Dunchadh Mursce, 
or " Dunchadh of Muirisc." See 
note 18 , under the year 682, supra. 

4 Foibhran At the year 815 

infra, (where the name is written 
Folbrein, (genit. of Foibren), the place 
is referred to as in the territory of 
Graicraigi (or Gregraidhi), which 
anciently comprised the present barony 
of Coolavin, co. Sligo, and a consider- 
able portion of the N.W. of the co. 
Eoscommon. 

5 Emaln-Macha. Now the Navan 
fort, about two miles to the west of 
Armagh. For much useful information 
as to the way in which several present 
Irish topographical names, beginning 
with the letter N, are formed from 
old names beginning with vowels (as 






' * 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



223 



abbotof Armagh, [died]. Marthu, daughter of MacDubhain, 
abbess 1 of Cill-dara, died. The battle of Druim-Robaigh, 
between the Ui-Fiachrach and the Ui-Briuin, in which 
fell Tadhg, son of Muirdibur, and three grandsons 
of Cellach* Cathrannach, Cathraugh, Artbran. Ailill, 
grandson of Dunchadh, 8 was victor. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 758. Slogadach, son of Donngal, of 
the Cinel-Coirpri ; Echaidh, son of Conall Menn, abbot 
of Foibhran ;* Fordubhan Liphechaire ; Domnall, son 
of Aedh Lagen; Siadhail, son of Luath, doctor, and 
Echaidh, son of Fiachra, a wise man, died. The battle of 
Emain-Macha, 5 in which Jjungal Ua Conaing. and 
Donnbo, were slain. Fiachna, 7 son of Aedh Roin, was victor. 

Not well 8 did Donn-bo go [on his] career 
Until he left his kingship ; 
Wherefore lie is in a house of clay, 9 
' After the battle of Cul-Circ. 10 

Going into a sliabh afterwards, 

On abandoning the daim-liac, 11 

They ^Keat-to- th point where they are 

The eyes of all see them. 



Navau from Emain), see Joyce's Irish 
Names of Places, First Series, p. 83. 

8 Donnbo. Probably the same as 
the Donnbo, son of Cubrcatan, by 
whom Cocgal, son of Eignech, lord 
of the Airthera (or Oriors) was slain 
in A.D. 743, according to the chron- 
ology of the Four M. The killing of 
Congal is entered in these Annals at 
the year 747 ; but the name of his 
slayer is not given. The Fray, of 
Irish Annals, at A.D. 722 (p. 33, s?.), 
give a harrowing, and apparently 
apocryphal, account of the history of 
another Donnbo. 

7 Fiachna. See the note on Fiachna 
son of Aedh Roin, at the year 752, 
supra. 

* Not well nimccculai5, probably 



[758.] 



for nimat>utuiT> ("not well did he 
go "), a form of expression not yet 
satisfactorily examined or explained, 
seems cognate with the forms nimcc- 
maloTjmajx, mma|x[o] 
(" not well have we 

gained,"" passed," " taken"). 

See Chron. Scot., A.D. 827. These 
stanzas, which are not in B., or in 
Clar. 49, are written in the lower 
margin of fol. 31 d in A., with a sign 
referring to their place in the text. 

9 House of clay, i.e., a grave. 

10 Cul-Circ. Not known. The 
name may possibly be only a local 
name for the exact site of the battle 
of Emain-Macha. 

" Daim-liac. The name ' Dam- 
liac,' which means ' stone-church,' 



224 



ulcroti. 



ouic a chetpchen chochtaic, 
CCp nap it>ip nacpaic, 



Tuscan ppicro boT>bai 
"Do cul ppif m carpai 5. 

T>u teicne ppi loca 6ipne, 
h6pim -DUIC 1 TTlfoe, 

ataile 

poglacti 11156. 

Rec^abf.ar: mic "Otincoii, 
T)iibDfiumman abbap "Cuitiam 
pluumtif. benn TDuilc eppuDic amnem cum 
lusutcrcio pep-namail rnic CmnpaetaT). 
b. Jet. 1cmaif*. CCnno -Domini -occ. 1. ix. 

hi 1111. nonaf "Pebyiuapn. Imaipecc Poling in quo 
ceciT>e]iunT; "DunchaT) mac Carail -j Ceiuepnac mac 
Tnofif 'Cai^cellrais fapiennp. Occifio 
mic Conaitl Tiesip ^Oicrcjiaitl. TTloji^ 
nepocif bfiam 11651^ Lagen. "Pamep 7 
Tllopf ConcoBaip. nepor;if 'Cai'D^^ ceirnm ; 
7 Conair; abbap Lpp moep, 7 ^a 1 ^^ abbap aipne 
On-oai, mopcui punc. bellum hinp munTCip Clono 7 
bipoip, imTTlom choippe btae. Coiroam ctuana 



map. 



when not used in connexion with any 
establishment in particular, is usually 
understood as indicating " Daim- 
liac-Chianain," or Duleek, co Meath. 
> Amongst worms. njiyv nacyiaic. 
llatyxmc is put for nacfung, to 
rhyme with cacfictis, the last word 
in the stanza. The proper form of 
the accus. plural of nachip, (natrix'), 
however, is nachyvacha. 

2 The city, i.e., the "city" of Ar- 
magh ; or probably by "the city " was 
meant Emain-Macha, or Emania, the 
ancient seat of royalty in Ulster. 

3 Glenn-rige. This was the old 
name of the valley of the Newry 



river. See Reeves' Eccl. Antigq., 
p. 253. 

4 Benn-muilt. The " point of 
molt" (molt being the Irish for a 
" wether "; comp. Fr. mouton, old Fr. 
moulton,ormuhon). Clar. 49 describes 
Benn-muilt as " a mountain," but 
gives no clue as to its situation. 

5 Conflict of Foltnff.Clar. 49 has 
"the Skirmish of Foling "; but 
O'Conor, in his ed. of these Annals, 
renders " Imairec Foling''' by " Con- 
flictus cruentus." Foling was, how- 
ever, the name of a place, which has 
not been identified. This entry is not 
given by the Four Masters, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



225 



Alas ! for thee, thou hooded little black - 

'Tis a shame [thou should'st be] amongst worms I 1 

Thy face towards thy hateful foes, 

Thy back towards the city.* 

Thy side towards the Lakes of Erne, 
(A journey thou hadst to Meath) ; 
And thy other side 
Towards the angry Glenn-rige.^ 

The killing of Rechtabrat, son of Dunchu, King of 
Mughdhorna. Dubhdrumman, abbot of Tuilen, dies. 
A rainy summer. Benn-muilt 4 poured forth a stream 
with fishes. The killing of Ferdamal, son of Cennfaelad. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 759. Great snow on the fourth of the [ 759 -3 BI8 - 
Nones of February. The conflict of Foling, 8 in which 
Dunchad son of Cathal, and Ceithernach son of Dothadh, 
were slain. Death of Taircelltach, a wise man. Murder 
of Congalach, son of Couall, King of Diathraibh. 6 Death 
of Muiredach, grandson of Bran, 7 King of Leinster. 
Famine, and abundance of acorns. Death of Conchobhar, 
son of Tadhg Teimin ; and Conait, 8 abbot of Lis-mor, 
and Gaimdibail, abbot of Ara-Enda, 9 died. A battle 
between the ' families ' of Cluain 10 and Biror," in Moin- 
Coisse-Blae. 12 Condam of Cluain-Cuifthin 13 dies. 



n/ 

- A 



8 Diathraibh. The situation of this 
tribe (or territory) is unknown to the 
Editor. The entry is not in the Ann. 
Four Mast. O'Conor blunders, as 
usual, and for " Diathraibh " prints 
dia thib, and translates" a latereejus"! 

7 Muiredach, grandson of Bran. 
Muiredach (ancestor of the Ui-Muir- 
edaigh, the tribe name of the O'Tooles) 
was the son of Murchad (ob. 726 
supra), son of Bran Bee (otherwise 
called Bran Slut), whose death is 
recorded above at the year 737. See 
Shearman's Loca Patriciana, Geneal. 
Table at p. 138. 

8 Conait. This name is written 



" Condath " by the Four Matt. (A.D. 
755). 

Ara-Enda. Ara of St. Enna (or 
Enda). Now Aranmore Island, in 
Galway Bay. 

10 Cluain ; i.e. Clonmacnoise. This 
entry is not given by the Four Matt., 
who persistently ignore incidents of 
this nature. 

11 Biror. Birr; or, as it is now 
generally called, Parsonstown. 

12 Moin-Coisse-Blae This name, 

which means the " Bog at the foot of 
(or along) the [river] Bla," is now 
forgotten in the district 

13 Cluain- Cu(fthin. NowClonguffin, 



226 



.ccMNcclcc uloroli. 



Foi. 32. 






]ct. lanaip. CCnno Tjomim T>CC. lx. 
piln posepcail;, nepoi:if Cepnaig. bellum CCo -oumai 
Ulcu 7 neporep Gcac, in quo ceciT)ii: CCibll mac 
bellum beluic abn.ain m quo cecn)en.unc 
"Donngal mac Lairgnaen, p.ex nepocum Ceinnfelai^, 7 
alii fiegef. TTlop.p Oen^Ufa mic pep-suppa, pepp PIC- 
copum. 

]Ct. lanaift. CCnno 'Domnn 7>cc. lx. 1. "Mix ma^na 
7 luna cenebfiofa. Occifio Cur;i5i|in epifcopi a fac- 
e]ai)OT:e, i n-Depxaif; Cille T>ap,o. Cfuiep Cofimaic 
abbanf ctuana mic 11 Woif. Klox tuciT>a m 
betttim Cailte t:uiT)bi5 ubi tuigni p|iofr;iiaT:i 
Cenel Coip.pn.1 tucrop-iam accepic. pep,po mac 
, abaf Comfiai|ie IDi-De obni:. bellum 

RoBayirac mac Cuanac, ppmcepf Ocnae, 



11. 



TTlon.f 



ct. 1anai|i. CCnno T)omini T>CC. 
"Domnaill mic TTlup.chaT)a, (mic 
mic Oi|imea'Dai5 caeic, mic Conaill mic 8uiBne mic 
Colmain moi|t mic "Diayima-oa mic pep.ufa cep.|ibeoil), 
'Cemofiiae; in xn. ^alen-oaf "Oecimbfiir mop.- 
eft;, bee laicne ab Cluana in-aip-DT), 7 "Paelcu 
i, 7 piT>aip.le Oa Suanaic, abb Uacin, 
mofii:ui funr. TTlopf Reoran)i abb 



in the parish of Rathcore, co. Meath. 
See at the year 770 infra, where the 
name is Cluain-Cuibhtin. 

1 Fogartach. See above, under 
the year 723. 

2 Ath - duma. " Ford of the 
Mound." Not identified. 

3 Belut Gabrain. The " Pass (or 
Road) of Gabran." The Bally- 
gaveran of earlj r Anglo-Norman 
documents. Now Gowran, in the co. 
Kilkenny. 

4 Oeugus.- -The alfhle (" ebb," or 
"decay") of the sovereignty of an 
Oengus, soil of Fergus, is recorded 



above at the year 749 ; and the death 
of another Oengus, son of Fergus. 
King of Fortrenn (Pictland), is 
entered at the year 833 infra. 

5 A dark moon. An eclipse of the 
moon occurred in the year 762. 

6 Caill-Tuidbig The "Wood of 

Tuidbeg." O'Donovan suggests that 
this place is probably Kiltabeg, near 
Edgeworthstown, in the county of 
Longford. Four Mast., A.D. 757, 
note f, and Addenda to vol. I., p. 
1192. 

7 Lu'igni. Clar. 49 has " Luigni of 
Connaght " [i.e. the ancient inhabij,- 



00 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



227 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 7GO. Death of Finsnechta, son of 
Fogartach, 1 grandson of Cernach. The battle of Ath- 
duma, 8 between the Ulaid and the Ui-Echach, in which 
Ail ill, son of Feidhilmidh, was slain. The battle of Belut- 
Gabrain, 8 in which fell Donngal son of Ladgnen, King 
of the Ui-Cennselaigh, and other Kings. Death of 
Oengus 4 son of Fergus, King of the Picts. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 761. Great snow, and a dark moon. 5 
The killing of Eutigern, a bishop, by a priest, in the 
oratory of Kildare.*" The ' repose ' of Cormac, abbot of 
Cluain-mic-U-Nois. A bright night in autumn. The 
battle of Caill-Tuidbig, where the Luigni 7 were over- 
thrown, and the Cinel-Coirpri obtained the victory. 
Ferfio, son of Fabre, a wise man, abbot of Comrair-M ide, 8 
died. The battle of Sliabh-Truim. 9 Robhartach, son of 
Cuanu, superior of Othan, 10 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 762. Death of Domnall, son of 
Murchad (son of Diarmaid Guthbhinn, 11 son of Airmedach 
Caech, son of Conall, son of Suibhne, son of Colman the 
Great, son of Diarmaid, son of Fergus Cerrbheoil), King 
of Tara. On the 12th of the Kalends of December he 
died. Bec-Laitne, 12 abbot of Cluain-Iraird, and Faelchu 
of Finnglais, 13 and Fjdairle Ua Suanaigh, abbot of 
Rnthin, 14 died. Death of Reothaide, abbot of Ferns. 



ants of the present barony of Leyny, 
co. Sligo.] But the " Luigni of 
Meath," who gave name to the barony 
of Lune in the latter county, were 
evidently meant. 

8 Comrair - Mide, " Comranr of 
Meath." Now Conry, a parish in the 
barony of Rathconrath, co. YTcst- 
meath. 

' Slidbh-Truim. See note 2 under 
the year G14 supra. 

10 Othan. Otherwise called Olhan- 
ALura. Kalian, in the present barony 
of Juishowen West, co. Donegal. 



11 Diarmaid Guthbhinn. Diarmaid 
"of the sweet voice." This clause, 
which is interlined in <tl. man. in A, and 
which also occurs indar.49,isnotin B. 

"Bec-Lailne. " Bee of the Latin." 
No specimens of his Latin appear to 
have survived. 

13 Finnyla'u, i.e. the " Bright 
Stream." Now Finglas, a village a 
little to the north of Dublin. 

"Rathin. Otherwise called Rathin- 
Ui-Suanaigh. Now Rahan, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Ballycowan, King's County. 

92 



[7GO.] 



[761.] 



[762.] 
L ft 



228 



CCNNCClCC 



LI- 



;-/i-^ CCnpa-oain abbcrcip Imne T)uacail. Sol senebpopup 

m hopa cepsia niei. TTlopp plainu gcrpaf). 

genepip mic Gpcae. "Duceixx tocpi. Scpa^ep 
mape, ubn Connacsa ppopcpari puns, bellum 
. h. p-ogentn 7 Copcumpua-o 7 copco baipcamn. 
bpuiTie pex poprpenn mopn:up. "Miall ppoppac 
pepiape mcipir. 

.b. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CC. lx. 111. "Mix ma^na 

rpibup pepe menpibup. CfuiepHonain abbar:ip Cluana 

Foi. S2ab. mice tl Moip. TTlopp Copmaic mic CCilella, 

VY\ rt^ Y\ \ v*^v^ ir* 1^11 1 7*7~ \ i \\T rf v^/^rf I T tn r\v\ 7 jfirtim ov* 
lilLlllll] Ol tt/l-* \J UlOOl* IIIO U.IL'LIUO lllv/]t / "L.H.ilIO| 

"DmB-Deil^e papien^ip. bellum CCp^amam 
pamibam Cluana mice "U "Hoip 7 T)epmaii, ubi ceci- 
"oepunT: "Dmpmair; Tub mac "Domnaill, 7 "Oiglac mac 
T)uiblipp, 7 .cc. uipi T>e pamiba TJepmai^e. bpc-pal 
mac TYlupchaT)a uicrop exprecic cum pamilia Cluana. 
Siccicap magna ulcpa moDUm. CCibll aua T)uncaT>a, 
pex Connachc, mopcuup epc. Scannlan peimm, mac 

. Hiurh pola m ^oca hibepma. 

mic YYlupcha-oa. bellum "Dumbile 
pe T)onnchaT) pop pipu 'Celac. Tllopp piacpac mic 



1 Duceta of Lothra. *Duceca 
Ixjcyxi, A. B. Duceta Lothra, Clar. 
49. O'Conor prints -ouceccc tocyn as 
part of the preceding entry recording 
the death of Flann Garadh, and trans- 
lates " occisi a Lothriensibus," which 
is surely wrong. Duceta is not men- 
tioned by Tigernach or the F. M. 
Lothra is now known as Lorrha, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Ormond, and county of Tip- 
perary. 

2 Fortrenn. Pictland, in Scotland. 
See note 8 , under the year 663 supra. 

3 Niall Frossach. Niall of the 
Showers." OTlaherty Latinizes 
Frossach, " Nimbosus." Ogyyia, p. 
4133. See under the next year. 

* Of Clonmacnoise, Ctuana mcu- 



noip, A. Ctuana m noip, B. 
Cluana m c Nois, Clar. 49. The Irish 
form of the name of Clonmacnoise is 
variously written Cluain-mic- V-Nois 
(the " meadow of the son of Nois's 
descendant "), and Cluain-mic- Nois 
(the "meadow of the son of Nois ") ; 
and it is difficult to say which is the 
more correct form, as the etymology 
of the name, which is sometimes 
found written Cluain-muc-Nois (the 
" meadow of Nois's pigs "), is uncer- 
tain. 

& Manistir-Buiti. Now Monaster- 
boice, in the co. Lonth ; a few miles 
to the N. W. of Drogheda. 

6 Famine. Probably a return, or 
continuation, of the famine mentioned 
above at the year 759. 



x 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



229 



Death of Anfadan, abbot of Linn-Duachail. A darkened 

sun at the third hour of the day. Death of Flann Garadh^ f /* t ' 

Kirignfninpl-MiP.-TCrfiii. Duceta of Lothra 1 [died]. The ^ 

slaughter of Cuilnech-mor, where the Connaughtmen 

were overthrown. A battle between the Ui-Fidgenti, I 

and the Corcumruadh and Corco-Baiscinn. Bruide, King 

of Fortrenn, 2 dies. Niall FrQssa.o.h 3 b/^ginc fa raigry 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 763. Great snow for nearly three [763.] BIS. 
months. ReposeofRonan, abbot of Clonmacnoise. 4 Death of 
Cormac, son of Ailill, abbot of Manistir-Buiti. 5 The great 
scarcity and famine. 6 Death of Dubhdeilge the Wise. 
The battle of Argaman, between the ' family ' of Clon- 
macnoise 4 and [the ' family ' of ] Dermagh, 7 wherein 8 fell 
Diarmait Dubh, son of Domnall, and Dighlach, son of 
Dubhliss, and 200 men of the famity of Dermagh. 7 Bresal, 
son of Murchad, remained victor, with the family of 
Cluain. 9 Great drought beyond measure. Ailill, grand- 
son of Dunchad, 10 King of Connaught, died. Scannlan of 
Feimin, son of Aedhgal, dies. The bloody-flux 11 in all Ire- 
land. The killing of Bresal, 12 son of Murchadh. The battle 
of Dun-bile, 13 by Donnchad, over the Fera-Tulach. 11 Death 



7 Dermagh. Otherwise written 
Dairmayh, Durrow, in the barony of 
Ballycowan, King's County. For an 
account of the foundation of the 
monastery of Durrow, by St. Colum- 
Cille, see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 23, 
note b. This entry, like others of the 
same kind, has been intentionally 
omitted by the Four Masters. 

* Wherein. uibi, A. The words 
" nota bene " are added in the margin 
in B. 

9 Cluain, i.e.j Clonmacnoise. 

10 Dunchad, i.e., Dunchad Mursce 
(si. 682 supra). Ailill was the son of 
lunrechtach, son of Dunchad Mursce. 
See O'Donovan's Hy-Fiachrach, 
Geneal. Table, facing p. 476. 

11 Bloody fotx. juuch pola. Clar. 



49 has "A runinge flood of blood in 
whole Ireland." This seems to be the 
first mention of the prevalence of the 
bloody flux, or true dysentery, iu 
Ireland. 

12 Bresal. Apparently the Bresal 
referred to a few lines before, as 
engaged in the fight between the 
'families' of Clonmacnoise and Dur- 
row. 

M Dun-bile. This place, the name 
of which signifies the " Fort of the 
ancient tree," and which was evidently 
in the present co. Westmeath, has not 
been identified. 

Fera-Tulach. Or Fir-Tulach. 
The tribe-name of a people who occu- 
pied the district now represented by the 
barony of Fartullagh, co. Westmeath. 



230 



CCNMCClCC UlCTOtl. 



/ 



flr*. 



bapbce. TDufica-o mac In^echraig 
(sic). 'Cfii pfiopa *oo pefrcain 1 cfiich TTIuiiieT)ai5 i n-mif 
Ougain .1. pjiopp T)'afi5Ui: 51 1, 7 pfiofoo cimi^muchi:, 7 
DO mil. 



aijfvo Uilimie, 
CCfi Sficro Heill 730 nitn ; 

affair, Tpyiof ruijamne, 

O Tflll. 



TTlac pejajait ba pefiarhail, 
Oc laech|xait> a 501^111 ; 
-puaifi each t)ia lenariiam, 
"Mialt ioach a anim. 



Cer n-gialt af cac oen coiceti 
Uo tobaij 11 1 all nf; 
Robo cp,oi)a m faep, bae-oet) 
CC cobach 



X 



]Ct. Icmaifi. CCnno T>omini T>CC. tx. 1111. 1n nocre 
hoiap.ibile 7 rnifiabile m fceUif uifum epr. 
laicbep^ail mic Lom^fic, fie^if 'Cemoyne, m 

clejucacu. Cfuief "Colai aifiT b^ecam. 

8uibne mic Tnufico-oa, cum T>uobup 



1 Baslec, Baslick, barony of Cas- 
tlereagh, co. Roscommon. 

2 Three slimce.rs. This is possibly 
an amplification of the entry above 
given, at the year 717, of the falling 
of two showers (one of honey, and one 
of blood), in celebration, as the story 
goes, of the birth of Niall Frossach 
in that year. The record of the 
accession of Niall Frossach to the 
monarchy of Ireland is the last 
entry under the year 762 ; wherefore 
it would appear that the prodigy 
above mentioned was regarded by the 



Annalist as signalizing Niall's eleva- 
tion to the throne. In the Book of 
Lelnster (p. 25, col. 2), the three 
showers are merely stated to have 
fallen in the reign of Niall (mna 
plaic). But at p. 274 , the same 
MS. contains the statement that the 
" shrines and precious things " of the 
saints of Ireland were covered with 
the silver which fell. These showers 
may really have been only some phe- 
nomena, like showers of shooting stars. 
3 Ard- Uilinne. Not identified. 
The original of these stanzas, which 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



231 



of Fiachra, son of Fothad, abbot of Baslec. 1 Murchad, 
son of Innrechtach, [died]. Three showers 2 were shed in 
Crich-Muiredaigh in Inis-Eogain, viz. : a shower of white 
silver, a shower of wheat, and a shower of honey. 

The three showers of Ard-Uilinno 8 
From Heaven for love of Niall [fell] : 
A shower of silver, a shower of wheat, 
And a shower of honey. 



Fergal's son 

"With heroes was his calling; 
Since he found all to follow him 
Niall Frosach his name. 

A hundred pledges from each Province 
The hero Niall exacted. 
Brave was the noble,, who boaotod 
That he had thrice exacted them. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 764. In the night a terrible and 
wonderful sign 4 was observed in the stars. Death of 
Flaithbertach son of Loingsech, King of Tara, in the 
religious state. 5 The repose of Tola of Ard-Brecain. 
The killing of Suibhne son of Murchadh, with his two 
sons. The battle of Carn-Fiachach between two sons 



[704.] 



are not in B , Is written in the top 
margin of fol. 32 in A., with a mark 
indicating the place in the text where 
they might be introduced. 

4 Sign. A similar prodigy is re- 
corded above at the year 744. 

5 Religious state The Four Matt., 
who incorrectly give the obit of 
Flaithbertach at the year 729 of 
their reckoning (= 734), and enter it 
again at A.D. 7GO (=7G5), say that 
he died in Armagh. At the year 
729 the F. 31., instead of giving 
the death of FInithbcrtach, should 



have recorded his retirement from 
the kingship, and entrance into tho 
religious state, in which he continued 
until his death. See O'Flaherty's 
Uff!/ffi, P- 4 33. 

8 Carn-Fiachach. The " Cam (or 
monumental heap) of Fiacha," This 
Fiacha, who was son of Niall Ninc- 
hostager, was ancestor of the tribe 
called Cinel-Fiachach, whose territory 
lay in the S. of the present co. of 
Westmeath. Carn-Fiachach, now 
called Carn, is situated in the barony 
of Moycashel in the said county. 



232 



ccNNcclcc ulcroti. 



Fol. Z'lba. 



bellum 



bellum caipn pacac mcep. T>uop pliop "Domnaill, 
1T> epc, "OonnchaT> 7 nflupchau allomon la "Oonncha-o, 
la Tnup-chaT). 1n bello cecn>iu TTIupchaT); 
m pugam ueppup epc. "polaccac abbap bipop. 
mopxuup epc. toapnn abbap Clona ipaip-o 
Cellbil cluana bponaig [obn^]. "Oepeccio 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini -occ. lx. 
Cpaumsam abb an p Cluana pepi:a. 
main mic Concongalt;, pepp TniDi, nolope. 
Spupae inp .h. bpium 7 Conmaicmu, ubi 
ceciT)epunT: 7)1 ConmaicmB, 7 CCe'D T>uB mac T3oiclic 
"Dubmnpecc mac Cacail uicrop p.uic. bellum 
THiT)i 7 bpe^u, ubi ceci7>epunc TDaelumai mac 
7 "Donngal mac "Dopeic. Tllopp Cepnaig mic 
cTrcaTl 7 Cepnaig mic plamn. Suibne abbap 1ae m 
jlibep.ni am uemc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno oommi T>CC. lx. ui. Conbpann 
abbap Cille aciT> mop^uup epi:. lugula^io YYlupca-oa 
mic plairbeppais pigh cemul Conaill. pi-oba'oac 
abbap benncaip quieuic. "OubT>ambep mac Copmaic 
abbap maimpcpec buiti. ^uiep^leibeni "lad. T?Tac 
paep, abbap 6naic T>uit5 [obnu]. ^lam-oibup abbap 
bpium paupac. Cellac mac Coipppi 



1 Domnall; i.e. Domnall son of 
Murchad, king of Ireland, whose obit 
is entered above at the year 762. 

2 Donnchad. He became king of 
Ireland in the year 770. 

3 Falloman. The entry of this 
battle in Ann. Four Mast., at A.D. 
760, differs somewhat from the fore- 
going entry. The F. M. represent 
Falloman as having been slain by 
Donnchad, in place of having assisted 
Donnchad. The death of ' Follamhan ' 
is the second entry under the next 
year in these Annals. 

4 Cluain-Bronaiffh. The '' Lawn 
(or Meadow) of Bronach." Now 



Clonbroney, near Granard, in the- 
county of Longford. 

5 Failure. Depecno, A. -oepec- 
cu]p, B. 

6 Cluain-ferta ; i.e. Cluain-ferta- 
Brenainn (Clonfert-Brendaa) ; Clon- 
fert, in the barony of Longford, co. 
Galway. 

7 Follamhan. This name is written 
Falloman in an entry under the pre- 
ceding year, where see note. 

8 Sruthair. O'Donovan identifies 
this place with Shrule, or Abbey- 
shrule, in the barony of Shrule, co. 
Longford. Four Mast., A.D. 761, 
note iv. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



of Domnall, 1 to wit, Donnchad 2 and Murchad. Falloman 8 
was with Donnchad; Ailgal with Murchad. Murchad 
was slain in the battle, Ailgal was put to flight. 
Folachtach, abbot of Birr, died. Loam, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, rested. Cellbil of Cluain-Bronaigh, 4 [died]. 
Failure 5 of bread. 

Kal. Jan. A.B. 765. The 'falling asleep' of Cremthan, 
abbot of Cluain-ferta. 6 The killing of Follamhan, 7 son 
of Cucongalt, king of Meath, treacherously. The battle 
of Sruthair, 8 between the Ui-Briuin and the Conmaicni, 
where great numbers of the Conmaicni fell, and Aedh 
Dubh, son of Toichlech, was slain. Dubhinnrecht, 9 son 
of Cathal, was the victor. A battle between the men 
of Meath and the Brega, where Maelumha son of Tothal, 
and Donngal son of Doreith, were slain. Death of 
Cernach son of Cathal, and of Cernach son of Flann. 
Suibhne, abbot of la, comes to Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 766. Conbrann, 10 abbot of Cill-achaidh, 11 
died. The killing of Murchad, son of Flaithbertach, 
King of Cinel-Conaill. Fidbadach, abbot of Bennchair, 12 
rested. Dubhdainbher son of Cormac, abbot of Manistir- 
Buiti, 13 [died]. The repose of Sleibene" of la. Mac-ind- 
sair, 15 abbot of Enach-dubh, 10 [died]. Glaindibur, abbot 
of Lathrach-Briuin, 17 rests. Cellach, son of Coirpri, 



9 Dubhinnrecht. The name is writ- 
ten " Dubhindreachtach " by the 
Four Matt. (A.D. 761). The obit of 
Dubhinnrecht appears under the year 
767. 

1 Conbrann. The name of this 
ecclesiastic is written " Cubran " in 
the Ann. Four Mast., at A.D. 762. 
The genit. form of " Cubran " is 
" Conbran." 

" Cill-achaidh. The " Church of 
the Field." Now Killeigh, in the 
barony of Geashill, King's County. 

12 Bennchair. Bangor,in the county 
of Down. 



[765.J 



13 Manistir-Buiti. The" Monastery 
of Buite " (ob. 518, supra). Now 
Monasterboice, co. Louth. According 
to the Ann. Four Mast. (A.D. 7G2), 
Dubhdainbher was drowned in the 
river Boyne. 

14 Skibene. Abbot of la (or lona) 
from A.I>. 752 to 767. He is men- 
tioned at the years 753 and^oG supra. 

15 Mac-ind'Sair. "Son of the 
Carpenter." 

" Enach-dubh. Aimaduff, in the 
parish of the same name, co. Leitrim. 

17 Lathrach-Briuin. Laraghbryan, 
near Maynooth, co Kildaro. 



[76G.] 



234 



CCNNCClCC UlCC-011. 



Hub) 



a tacfione lugutaeup epc. platgup mac 
mic Caail lugulacup ept; ootope. .lecc 



jet. lanaifi. CCnno T>omim T>CC. loc. un. TDubinn- 
fiechr; mac Carait, fiex Connacc, mop.T;uup epc .1. a 
iptuacu ranstnnip. op.m;at mac CCilello mopxuup epe. 
CCi7)ain abbap Lip moiia, hllae TTliannai5 abbap fjunci 
CLuana mic TJoif, mopctn -puns. peyi-Dactnc mac 
Suibne abbap aifiD-o Tflacae quieuir. Girne mgen 
.bjiepailbjies, ^epna yiegum "Cemoinae, iie^num celepce 
a-Dipipci mepuiT: pope poenicenT:iam. Coib-oenac abbap 
C\\\,Q "Comae paupac. bellum 1 "pofHSfunn 
7 dnae-o. 



m 



CCnno -Dommi TCC. lx. uni. Copcpa-o 
Opp,ai5i muicem, ubi piln Ceallai pin paelcaifi 
usam uepcpi func. "Coimpnama urccon, euappit:. 
beltum 'Pep.nam), 111 quo ceci-oic *0uacat55aif> mac 
tait55nen. Cemipelaig uiccopc puic. Quiep TDup.gaile 
mic Nnroe'oo abbacip Recp.ainne. encop^ac huae 
*DoaT)am, abbap ^Lmne T)a loca, mojaeuup epu. Lonsii)^ 
Coip.pp,i rmc Po5ep.cai5 p.e n-T)onnchaT). "Cepcp-emocup 7 
pamep, 7 moyibup lepp-aemulropmuapiT:. hCCbumxmuia 



1 The ''Law' of Patrick. Regard- 
ing the nature of this 'Law,' or 
system of collecting tribute, see Dean 
Reeves' observations, Gallon's Visita- 
tion, Pref., p. in., sq. 

2 Dulhinnrecht. Mentioned above 
at the year 765. 

3 Aedan. Written CCiT>ain in A. 
and 13., and " Aoan " in Clar. 49. 
The Four Mast., at A.D. 763, have 
CCeT>cm, which seems more correct. 
The form GCiTXiin in the text is the 
genit. of CCiDan, or CCe-oan. 

4 Ua Miannalgh, i.e., a " descendant 
(or grandson) of Miannach." The 
Four Mast, (at A.D. 763) have pop,- 
gla f ifiuice (the " IMBJOI ity of the 





sruithe," or " religious seniors,'' as 
O'Donovan translates). But this is 
surely wrong. In note g, appended 
to this entry in the Four Mast, by 
O'Donovan, he states that Clar. '49 
(ad. an. 767) has " Lyne sapiens 
Cluana-mic-Nois " ; whereas this 
latter authority has really " Hue (for 
Ua) abbas et sapiens," the name 
Mianniayh being omitted after Ua. 

5 Suibhne. This is the Suibhne, 
bishop of Armagh, mentioned above 
at the years 718 and 729. 

6 Of kings. ^e^um, A. B. "Of 
the kings," Clar. 49. The Four 
Masters (A.D. 763) say ben fii "Cem- 
ficcc ; which O'Donovan renders " wife 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



233 



son of Fogartach, was slain by a robber. Flathgus, 
son of Fiachra, son of Cathal, was treacherously slain. 
The ' Law ' of Patrick. 1 

KaL Jan. A.D. 767. Dubhinnrecht, 8 son of Cathal, [767.] BIS. 
King of Connaught, died, i.e., from 'bloody flux.' Gormgal, 

son of Ailill, died. Aedan," abbot of Lis-mor, Ua 

q 

Miannaigh, 4 the most learned abbot of Clonmacnoise, 
died. Ferdacrich, son of Suibhne, 5 abbot of Armagh, #. 
rested. Eithne, daughter of Bresal Bregh, the queen of 
kings 8 of Tara, deserved to obtain the heavenly king- 
dom, after penance. Coibdenach, abbot of Cill-Toma, 
rests. A battle in Fortrenn, 7 between Aedh and Cinaedh. > 

KaL Jan. A.D. 708. A destructive fight 8 among the [7C8.] 
Osraighi themselves, where the sons of Cellach, son of 
Faelchar, were put to flight. Toimsnamha escaped 
victorious. The battle of Ferna, 9 in which fell Dubhcal- 
gaidh, son of Ladgnen. Cennselach 10 was victor. Repose of 
Murgal, son of Nindidh, abbot of Rechra. 11 Encorach 
Ua Dodain, abbot of Glenn-da-locha, died. The banish- 
ment of Coirpre, son of Fogartach, by Donnchad. 13 An 
earthquake, and a famine ; and a leprous disease attacked 



of "the King of Teamhair [Tara]." 
But Eitlme may have been the wife 
of more than one King of Tara. 

7 Fortrenn. For Fortrenn, a 
name for the country of the Scotch 
Picts, see note 8 , under the year 
663 supra. The Four Ma$t. (at 
A.D. 763) imply that this Fortrenn 
was in Leinster ; which seems doubt- 
ful. Skene quotes the entry (Chron. 
Picts and Scots, p. 358), as an inci- 
dent in Scotch history ; but it does not 
follow, from Skene's quotation, that 
the scene of the battle was in Scotland. 

* Destructive fight. Cofx:p.cr6. The 
Four Matt, (at the year 764) use the 
term iomaip.ecc, which means "con- 
flict." 



' Ferna. Ferns, co. Wexford. 

18 Cennselach. CennpeUng (for 
" Ui-Cennselaigh," the tribe-name 
of the people of South Leinster), A., 
B. Clar. 49 has Clnnselach. The 
death of Cennselach, son of Bran (the 
person meant, no doubt, in the fore- 
going entry) is recorded among the 
events of the next year. 

11 Rechra. Dean Reeves thinks 
that Ha till in, off the coast of Antrim, 
was meant (Eccl. Antiqq., p. 249). 
But Lambay Island, off the east coast 
of Dublin county, also called Rechra, 
may have been intended. 

12 Donnchad. King of Ireland at 
the time. 



23G 



CCMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 



v. 



fcaipmepa. Commanenai| T>ar:e, Concobup mac Cumaf- 
caic p,ex OCi'one, mopcui f unc. 

Foi. 326&. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CC. tx. ix. 
mac Wacftuai^ mop.ruuf efu a ptuxu 
'Coimfnama mac ptanin, pex Ofpaigi, mgutacuf efr;. 
CTpc^at, abbaf Ctocaip. mac T)oimeni, mopruuf efc, 
bettum mT:ep La^enenfef muicem pop, a Ope, ubi 
U Ceattac mac "Ouncha'oa uiccop puic, 7 ceciT>6ptmi: 

e-o pitiuf ptainn 7 ppasep eiuf Ceattac, 7 
mac becce, 7 cecepi mutci. piacpai ^panai 
Citte mope emp, pep^Uf epifcopuf pibuf Cacait, 
mopr;ui funr. pota&oach 1:156 'Cuae, abbaf Ctona 
mace U "Noif, mopcuuf efc. bettum muep nepor;ef 
Cennfetaig, ubi ceci-oic Cennfetach mac bpam, 7 
mac CCeT>a pitn Gotten uiccop puiu. Con- 
inp "OonnchaT) mac "Domnaitt 7 Cettac mac 
n-T)onnchaT)a, 7 exiin'Donncha'D cum exepcicu nepor;um 
Kleitt cu Laigniu, 7 eppugepunc eum tapnenfef, 7 
exiepunc 1 8ciai "Hecum ; 7 manfepunc hui "Heitt . un . 
T)iebuf 1 p.aiu CCtmne, 7 accenT)epunr; 15111 omnep 
Lapnencium. Cofcpa-o buitg^ bomne pop 
Opeg, ubi ceciT)epuni: ptaicbepi:ac mac 
ptainn pitu Uosettms, 7 "UapcpiTie mac bai, 7 



1 Acorns. -Daiyunefcc, genit. of 
oailimef, "oak fruit." 

2 Enach-Dathe. This place has not 
been identified. 

3 Toimsnamha. Or Tuaimsnama, 
See Shearman's Ossorian Genealogy, 
Part I. (JLoca Patriciaiia, p. 264). 

4 Clocliar-mac-Doimhenl. Clogher, 
in the county of Tyrone. 

5 Ath-Orc. The " Ford of Ore." 
Not identified. It was probably the 
name of some ford on the Liffey, or 
Barrow. 

6 Cellach. King of Leinster, and 
son of Dunchad, -whose death is re- 
corded above at the year 727. 



7 Granairet. Granard, in the co. 
Longford. 

8 Cill-mor-Enir. Now Kilmore, in 
the parish of the same name, barony 
of Oneilland West, co. Armagh. 

9 Tech-Tua The " House of St. 
Tua." Now Taghadoe, in the par. 
of the same name, barony of North 
Salt, co. Kildare. 

10 Cennselach. See note 10 , under 
the preceding j*ear. 

11 Donnchad. King of Ireland at 
this time. 

12 Cellach. King of Leinster. See 
note 6 . 

13 Sciach - Ne-chtln. " Nechtan's 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



237 



many. Abundance of acorns. 1 Cominanof Enach-Dathe, 3 
Conchobar son of Curaascach, King of Aidhne, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 769. Nargal, son of Natsluagh, died 
of the ' bloody flux.' Toimsnamha, 8 son of Flann, King 
of Ossory, was slain. Artgal, abbot of Clochar-mao 
Doimheni, 4 died. A battle between the Leinstermen 
themselves, at Ath-Orc, 5 where Cellach 6 son of Dunchad 
was victor; and where Cinaedh son of Flann, and his 
brother Cellach, and Cathnio son of Becc, and a great 
many others, were slain. Fiachra of Granairet, 7 Fergil 
of Cill-mor-Enir, 8 Fergus son of Cathal, a bishop, died. 
Folachtach of Tech-Tua, 9 abbot of Clonmacnoise, died. 
A battle among the Ui-Ceunselaigh, in which Cenn- 
selach 10 son of Bran was slain, and Etirscel, son of Aedh, 
son of Colgu, was victor. An encounter between Bonn- 
chad 11 sou of Domnall, and Cellach 12 son of Donnchad ; 
and Donnchad proceeded to Leinster with the army of 
the Ui-Neill. And the Leinstermen eluded him, and 
went to Sciach-Nechtin. 13 And the Ui-Neill remained 
seven days in E-ath-Alinne," and burned all the borders 
of the Leinstermen with fire. The slaughter 16 of Bolg- 
Boinne against the men of South Brega, in which fell 
Flaithbertach, son of Flann, son of Kogellnach, 16 and 
Uarcridhe son of Baeth, and Snedgus son of Ainftech, 17 



[769.] 



Bush." The Fovr Mast. (A.D. 766) 
write the name pcicrc tJeaccam, 
which O'Donovan correctly translates 
" Neachtain's Shield (note b, ad an.). 
But SriachNechtin seems more correct. 

14 Rath-Alinne. - The ' ; Rath of 
Alinn." Now the hill of Knockaulin, 
in the parish of Kilcullen, co. Kildare. 

15 Slaughter. cofcjxcro. Clar. 49 
has "one sett," for "onset," and 
O'Donovau (F. M. 765) translates 
copcp.cct> "battle.'' But cofCficro 
signifies more than a battle. See 
()' Donovan's Suppl. to O'Reilly, v. 
corgyxat). The so-called translator 



of these Annals, however, in the MS. 
Clar. 49, renders the word by " skir- 
mish.'' 

" Son of Roffellnach.The F. M. 
(at 765) have mic RogaU/cng, " son 
of Roghallach, 1 ' which is probably 
correct, although the name is written 
Ro5eU,nccic, in the genit. case (nom. 
Rogellnac), in these Annals at the 
year 721 supra. 

"Son of Ainftech. mac CCmpcij; 
(for mac CCinbcig, " son of Ainbh- 
tech," in A). The form in B. would 
represent mac GCinpfiici, " son of 
Aufritech," which would be incorrect. 



J* 



f 



238 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



Fol. 33aa. 



mac CCinpn|, 7 Cepnac mac plamn poipbe. 
Copcpa-o ara Cba pia Ciannacht; pop hll 'Ceig. CCfi 
mop T>I Lai^niB. Robba-oat* pochaiT>i T>I aannacht; 
iJLtan mopa oc nnnmu ^opmman m^en "plamn mic 
CCe-Da mopcua efr. Cfiunnmael epifcopup, abbap Cille 
mope einifi, quietus. TTIofif Conmaic mic bpen*Dam, 
abbanf Ctuana T>ochpe, TnaelT)Uin mac THnbirmfiechc 
ni?;utar;uf epc. TDopf htn becce abbai:ip pobaifi. 

|ct. lanaifu CCnno -Domini DCC. locx. TTIopf plain n 
hm "Docuae, abbaaf 111 npi cam "Dega. CCeD^en pobaip 
obnc. becc mac Conlai, pi "Cerbae, mopr;uup epc. 
Coipppi mac po^epcais, pex bpe%, mopcuup epr;. 
popbapac nepop Cepnai, abbap Cluana mic 11 "Moip 
[obiit;]. Oengup mac Pogeprail;, pi ceniuil Loegaipe, 
mopre pepns. ~~Cacal mac Conaill minn, pi/ 

j'i, "Dun^alach mac "Caiclic, TIUOC Lui^ne, )( 
moprui ptniT:. Coblairingm Cauail, T)ominacp.ixClt]ana 
cui^iuin obnr. CCllcellac uelca Olan-o, 7 CCiclec huae 
CmTpiaec, obiepuiiT:. Blo^at) ipm pocla la "OonnchaT). 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>ommi TCC. lxx. 1. TTIopp 
CCipleTo Cluana ipaipu lu^ulano Concobaip .IT. 
TTlaeleT)Uin. Sloa-D TDonnchaDa co cnocc m-bane. 



1 Flann Foirbthe. His obit is 
entered above at the year 715, at 
which date Clar. 49 calls him ^Old 
Flann m Fogarta.' 1 

2 Ath-cliath. Dublin. 

3 Cianachta. The Four Mast. 
(A.D. 765) say " Cianachta-Bregh"; 
^a sept descended from Cian (a quo 
"Cianachta"), son of Oilill Oluim, 
King of Mu-.ister, whose territory 
seems to have comprised the present 
town of Duleek, co. Meath,andalarge 
portion of the surrounding country. 

4 The full tide " In a sea tide," 
Clar. 49. The situation of the place 
where this drowning occurred is left 
to conjecture. But it was probably 
in the tidal part of the river Liffey, 



across which the Cianachte, in their 
return home, would probably have 
had to pass. 

s C7/-mor-'mtV.-Seenote 8 ,p. 23G. 

6 Cluain - Dochre. " Cluain- 
Tochne," in the Four Mast, (A.D. 
765). The Chron. Scot, and Ann. 
Four Mast, (at A.D. 977) mention a 
" Cluain-Ueochra," which is stated 
in O'Clery's Irish Calendar, at llth 
January, to have been in the co. 
Longford, although Archdall (Monast. 
fflb., p. 708) identifies it with Clon- 
rane, in the bar. of Moycashel, co. 
Westvneath. It may be the place 
now called Cloondara, in the parish 
of Killashee, bar. an 1 county of Long- 
ford. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



230 



and Cernach son of Flann Foirbthe. 1 The massacre of 
Ath-cliath, 8 by the Cianachta, against the Ui-Teig. A 
great slaughter of the Leinstermen ; and numbers of the 
Cianachta, 8 were drowned in the full tide 4 when returning. 
Gorman, daughter of Flann, son of Aedh, died. Crunnmael, 
a bishop, abbot of Cill-mor-Einir, 5 rested. Death of 
Conmach, son of Brendan, abbot of Cluain-dochre. 6 
Maelduin, son of Dubhinnrecht, was slain. Death of 
Ua Becce, abbot of Fobhar. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 770. Death of Flann Ua Dachua, 

/ * 

abbot of Inis-cain-Degha. 8 Aedgen of Fobhar 7 died. Becc, 
son of Conla, King of Tethba, died. Coirpri, son of 
Fogartaeh, King of Bregh, died. Forbasach Ua Cernaigh, 
abbot of Clonmacnoise, [died]. Oengus, son of Fogartaeh, 9 
King of the Cinel-Loeghaire, died suddenly. Cathal, son 
of Conall Menn, King of Coirpri-mor, 10 [and] Dungalach, 
son of Taichlech, chief of Luighne, died. Coblaith, 
daughter of Cathal, abbess of Cluain-Cuibhtin, 11 died. 
Ailcellach of Telach-Olaind, 12 and Aichlech CJa Cindfiaech } 
died. A hosting into the Fochla ls by Donnchad. 14 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 771. Death of Airlid of Cluain-Iraird. 
The_kjlling of Conchobar Ua Maeleduin. A hosting by 
Donnchad to Cnoc-mBane. 15 The " Fair of the clapping 



T Fobhar. Fore, in the barony of 
Fore, co. Westmeath. 

* Inis-cain-Degha. Inishkcen, in 
the barony of Farney, co. Monaghan ; 
giving name to the parish of Inish- 
keen, situated partly in the county of 
Monaghan, and partly in Louth county. 

9 Son of Fogartaeh. The Four 
Mast, (at 766) have mac 
" son of Feradhach." 

" King of Coirpri-mor. jxi 
pp.1 moip,, "king of the great Coirpri 
(o Cairbri)," A. B. has p,i Coijxpfii 
mop, (for " king of Coirpri, moritur " 
(or " mortuus est "). Clar. 49 has 
also "moritur." But the reading in 



[770.] 



tfni. 



A. is probably correct. The territory 
(or tribe) of " Coirpri-mor " is men- 
tioned in the Ann. Four Matt, at the 
years 949, 974, 1029, and 1032. 

11 Cluain- Cttibhtin. See note at the 
year 759 supra, where the name is 
41 Cluain.Cuifthin." 

"Telach-Olaind. See this place 
referred to above at the years 710 
(note 5 , p. 160) and 730. 

18 Fochla. The north of Ireland. 

14 Donnchad. King of Ireland a 
the time. 

" Cnoc-mBane. The "Hill of 
Bane.' 1 See O'Donovan's Four Matt. 
at A.D. Ill, notey. 



240 



uloroti. 



Oenac ma lamcomapae, m quo ignip 7 
pimilicuDineDiei 1UD1C11. 1nT> lam com apt; hi -peil THicel 
Dianeppe-o m cene T>I mm. YYlopp Suibne abbacip 
1aeH CCenpic oiT>il 7>a rpeT>an immelle, 7 oen ppainT) 
etappu, ap orriun m T:einiT. Cfuiep TTlaelaicchm abb 
cluana eiT>nis. tex Comain 7 CCe-oain pecunDapop^eopa 
Connachc. CCe-o ai-cgin pex htle TTIane, CCpc mac 
plai'cmaT) pex CCixme, lu^ulan -punt:, lep^up mac 
T)uibcombaip mop^uup ept:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim T>CC. lxx. n. TYloenac 
mac Colmam, abbap Slane 7 cille poibpic, a -pluxu 

tecubai, quieuir;. t)onruco6aiT> pex Connacc mopctmp 
epr;. Inpolira picciuap 7 ap^op polip, ur; pene panip 
ommp Depepni:. "Oeipmepp mop mna T)eaT). TTlapran 
mpe QiT>nec, CCe-oan epipcopup maige hOu, Ceirepnac 
huae Gpumon ^abbap cluana -pepca bpenamn, mopctn 
^ funr;. Lepan Tjomnia^pix Cille T>apo obnr. Luna 
cenebpopa m . 11 . nonap -oecimbpip. CCei> mac Coipppi, 
ppmcepp Hecpamne, mopouup epc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim Dec. lxx. 111. fllopp 
CClbpam mic poiT)miT, abbacip "Cpeoi-o moip, m pexz:a 



entry " Irishmen fasted for feare of 
theire destruction, one meale among 
them in awe of the fyre." Dr. 
O'Conor (Ann. Ult. ad an.) translates 
ctenpch " consensio spontanca, 1 ' 
which is as bad. But the translation 
given in the Census of Ireland for 
1851 (Part V. vol. 1, p. 57), where 
aen-pc is rendered by " all in one 
place'' (as if the original was cten 
rich) is even worse. 

3 Two ' tredans'; i.e. two fasts of 
three days each. See tredan, i.e. tre- 
denus, i.e. tres dies. Gloss in Fel. of 
Oenyus, at Nov. 16. 

4 Cluain - Eidhnecli, Clonenagh, 
near Mountrath, in the Queen's 
County. 



1 " Fair of the clapping of hands" 
This evidently refers to a celebra- 
tion of national games somewhere, 
during which the people present 
thereat were so terrified by excessive 
thunder and lightning, that thej' 
clapped their hands in token of horror 
and despair. Dr. O'Conor, and the 
so-called ' translator ' of Clar. 49, 
considered lamcomairt ("clapping of 
hands ") as the name of the place in 
which the oenach (or " fair ") was 
held. But they were clearly mistaken. 
A similar incident is noticed at the 
year 798, infra. 

2 Fasted. aenpc (for amf ic), A. 
B. The so-called " translator " of 
these Annals in Clar. 49 renders this 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



241 



of hands," 1 in which occurred lightning and thunder, 
like unto the day of judgment. The ' clapping of 
hands' 1 on the festival of St. Michael, of which was 
said the " fire from Heaven." Death of Suibhne, abbot 
of la. The Goidhil fasted 2 two ' tredans ' 8 together, and 
only one meal between them, through fear of the fire. 
Repose of Maelaichthiu, abbot of Cluain-Eidhnech. 4 The 
' Law ' of Cornan and of Aedan, a second time, 6 over the 
three divisions of Connaught. Aedh Aithgin, King of 
the Ui-Maine, and Art son of Flaithniadh, King of 
Aidhne, were slain. Lergus, son of Dubhcomair, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 772. Moenach, son of Colman, abbot 
of Slane and Cill-Foibrigh, died of the ' bloody flux.' 
Daniel Ua Foileni, scribe of Letuba, 6 rested. Donncoth- 
aidh, King of Connaught, died. An unusual drought 
and heat of the sun, so that almost all food failed. A 
great abundance of acorns after it. Martan of Inis- 
eidnech, Aedan bishop of Magh-Eo, 7 [and] Ceithernach 
Ua Erumono, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, died. 
Lerthan, abbess 8 of Cill-dara, died. A dark moon on 
the second of the Nones of December. Aedh son of 
Coirpri, abbot 9 of Rechru, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 773. Death of Albran, son of Foidmed, 
abbot of Treoid-mor, 10 on the sixth day between the two 



5 A second time vet (for 
A. B. O'Conor prints fa. Clar. 49 
ignores it. The beginning of the 
third " Law " (Lex, or tribute) of 
Coman and Aedan is noticed under 
the year 779 infra. 

* Le(uba. This place, which has 
not been identified, is again referred 
to at the year 778 infra. 

1 Magh-Eo The "Plain of the 

Yew." Mayo, barony of Clanmorris, 
co. Mayo. 

8 Abbess. oominacp.ix. A B. 

9 Abbot pjxincepp, A. B. Clar. 
49 has "prince"; but pjxmcepp 



seems used throughout these Annals 
to signify the abbot or superior of a 
monastery. 

10 Treoid-mor ; or " Great Treoid." 
But there is no mention in these 
Annals, or in any other authority 
known to the Editor, of a Treoid-bey, 
or "little Treoid." The place re- 
ferred to is now known as Trevet, in 
the parish of the same name, barony 
of Skreen, and county of Meath. The 
old name of the place was Duma- 
dergluachra (" Mound of the red 
rushy -place"), according to a state- 
ment in Lebor-na-hUidri, p. 119a 

B 



/ - 



-77 



[772.] 



[773.] 






242 



uloroti. 



Fol. 335. 



mref, T>UO pafcha. tllcan .Tl. 
abbaf 0nae mofe, 0-ifennac mac Gicm abbaf Lei- 



, pc-finnani fcf.iba 7 epifcopuf T3f eon:, pefief tins. 
"Ounlaii; mgen poseficaif; obnc. 'Comatrac mac TTluifi- 
^aile, fiex Cjauacna OCi, bo7)bcaT) mac Gci^tifa, fiex 
cemtnl pin Qjacae, mo^ui -punt:. Suaifilec .h. Con- f 
abbap Liff moiyi, 1mfiaie6 glmne Cloit;i|e, 
ptarfitiae mac pacyiac, 




mac Cotmam a ftuxu 
7 cesen i mulxi ex ifro T>otof e mof^tn 

]ct. lanaif. CCnno t)omini T>CC. lxx. 1111.' 
dna-oon fepf picuofum ; 7 "Domical mac 
abbaf tu5maiT>, 7 "Piancu abbaf Lu^maiT), 7 Conall 
mai^eLump, 7Suainlec abbaf Lmne, pefieftinc. Com- 
bufno aif.T>T> TTlacae. Combufcio CiUe -oafo. Com- 
bufuio ^Imne T>a loca. Con^neffio mi:ef. TDumanen- 
fef 7 nepocef "Neilt, 7 fecin *DonnchaT) uaf cation em 
magnam m fimbiif IDummenfium, 7 cecnDef-unr; 
TI TYltnnrmecait). 1maif,ecc 1 Cluain if,aifT>T) 
"DonnchaT) 7 mumrif. Cluana inaif,T)T). Cftnef Ciafam 
.1. betais Tinn. bellum acai-o bag 



1 Two Easters; i.e. Easter Sunday 
and Low Sunday. 

2 0than-mor. "Great Othan." 
Now Fahan, barony of Inishowen, co. 
Donegal. 

3 Leithglenn. Now known as Old- 
Leighlin, the site of a Bishop's See, 
in the barony of Idrone West, co. 
Carlow. 

4 Treoit. Trevet, bar. of Skreen, 
co. Meath. 

5 Of Cruachan-Ai The Four 

Mast, (at A.D. 769) have maige hCCi, 
" of Magh-Ai," the name of a well- 
known district in the co. Roscom- 
mon. 

6 Gknn-Cloitif/he. O'Donovan 



thought that this was probably the 
vale of the river [Clody], near New- 
town-Barry, in the county Wexford. 
(Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 769, note o.) 
B ut this is doubtful. O'Conor absurdly 
translates the name " vallis illustrium 
heroum." 

7 Cruithni, i.e., the Crnithni, or 
Picts, of Dalaraide, in Ireland ; al- 
though Skene copies the entry as 
referring to the Scotch Picts (jChron. 
Picts and Scots, p. 358). 

8 Fair. O'Conor thought that (he 
Fair (or assembly) meant was the Fair 
of Tailltiu (or Teltown), co. Meath ; 
and he was possibly right in this 
instance. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



243 



Easters. 1 Ultan Ua Berodeirgg, abbot of Othan-mor 2 ; 
Eirennach, son of Eichen, abbot of Leithglenn, 8 [and] 
Forinnan, scribe and bishop of Treoit, 4 died. DunJaith, 
daughter of Fogartach, died. Tomaltach, son of Murgal, 
king of Cruachan-A.i, s [and] Bodbchad, son of Echtgus, 
king of Cinel-mic-Erca, died. Suairlech TJa Conciarain, 
abbot of Lis-mor, [and] Imraithech of Glenn-Cloitighe, 6 an 
anchorite, died. Flathroe, son of Fiachra, king of the 
Cruithni, 7 dies. Disturbance of^a, fair 8 bv Donnchad. 
Eugan, son of Colman, died from the ' bloody flux,' and 
many others died from that disorder. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 774. Death of Cinadhon, king of the Picts ; 
and Donngal,son of Nuada, abbot of Lughmadh, 9 and Fian- 
chu, abbot of Lughmadh, and Conall of Magh-luinge, 10 and 
Suairlech, abbot of Linn, 11 died. Burning of Ard-Macha. 
Burning of Cill-dara. Burning of Glenn-da-locha. Abattle 
between the Munstermen and the TJi-Neill, and Donnchad 12 
committed great devastation in the borders of the Munster- 
men ; and many of the Munstermen were slain. A conflict 
in Cluain-Iraird, between Donnchad 12 and the ' family ' of 
Cluain-Iraird. The repose of Ciaran the pious, i.e., of 
Belach-duia 13 The battle of Achadh-liag, u between the 
Ui-Briuin and the [Ui]-Maine, where the [Ui]-Maine 



[774.] 



9 Lughmadh. Louth, in the co. 
Loath. 

10 Magh-lulnge. See note ', at the 
year 672, supra. 

11 Linn. This should evidently 
be Linn-Duachaill, a place which 
O'Donovan identifies withMagheralin, 
in the co. Down ; but on no sufficient 
authority, so far as the Editor can 
see. The Martyr, of Donegal, at the 
23rd of April, has " Suairlech, abbot 
of Linn-Duachaill, A.D. 774." 

12 Donnchad. Monarch of Ireland 
at the time. 



13 Belach-duln. The "Pass" of the 
" dun " (or " fort "). This was the 
old name of Disert-Chairain,or Castle- 
keeran, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
and county of Meath. 

" Achadh-liag. The " Field of the 
Stones." Dr. O'Conor (in Ann. Ult 
ad. an.) states that this place was 
Athleague [in the bar. of Athlone, co. 
Roscommon] . B ut 0' Donovan (Four 
Mast., A.D. 770, note z) thought that 
the place referred to was "the place 
now called Achadh- leaga, situated on 
the east side of the river Suck," in the 
same barony. 

R 2 



244 



CCNNCClCC 



.b. 



nepocep bpium 7 TTlaine, ubi Tllane pp.opcn.acup epc. 
Scpagep nepocum pibopum bpocc m cempope Golden 
mic Cellai|;. Combupno mpole baicem. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CC. lxx. 11. Cfuiep 
Colmam pinn ancopicae. TTlopp ^oiT)il Cluana 
ipaipT). TTlopp TJopbupaic abbacip paro CCi'oo. 
CollbpaniT) abbanp Cluana mice U Woip. 

pancci Gpce 8lane, 7 comocacio 

Cluana ipaip-o. TTlopp TTIaelemanac 

Cmn^apa-D. bellum mcep T>al n-CCpai-oe muicem, 1 

pleib TTlipp, m quo cecnnc "Mia mac Conalca. bellum 



eoT)em anno, 
Cinaet* 



vat n-CCyiai'oe, 
mac Ca^afaig, 7 
T;omalT:ac mac 
mac pmcnae uiceon.ep enanu. 



icepum m 
m quo ceciT)epunT: 
THingal .Tl . 
1nT)pechcai| 7 Gcai-o 

Cellac mac T)unchaT)a, , ~~. ~.., ...^, , 

Foi. 336. bellum CCca Tiumai icip na hCCipcepu 7 . Tl . Qcoc 

m quo ceciT)iT: ^opm^al mac Conaill cpui, pex CoBo. 
Ougan mac Roncinn abbap Lipp moip, 7 TTlaelpuBai 
.[). TTIoinai5, pepiepunc. Cacop[c]n.aT) icip 11 Weill 
7 TTluime, m quo pamiba "Depmaigi puic, 7 pi In 
Tobaic, IT) epc tDumecaii) 7 Cacjiannac, 7 aln T)e pilnp 



1 IFere overthrown. pp,oipcifiactir > 
epc, A. and B., with which Clar. 49 
agrees. But the name of Mane (or 
Maine), ancestor of the sept, is put 
for the sept itself in these authorities. 
The Four Mast, (at A.D. 770) have 
more correctly in j\o meaticd-D pop, 
thb TTlaine ("in which the Ui- 
Maine were defeated"). 

2 Colgu King of the Ui-Crem- 
thainn. His obit is given at the year 
780, infra. 

3 Inis-Baiihin. Now Ennisboyne. 
in the barony of Arklow, co. Wicklow. 

4 Clvmn-fraird. Clonard in the 



barony of Upper Moyfenrath, co. 
Meath. 

6 Rath-Aedha Now Rahugh, in 
the parish of the same name, baron}' of 
Moycashel, and county of West- 
meath. 

6 OfFinian Ummtii, A. Pmni- 
aui, B. " Finiani," Clar. 49, which 
seems more correct. 

7 Cenngaradh. Kingarth in Scot- 
land. 

8 Themselves m u 1 ce m , A. B. For 
invicem the Four Masters generally use 

(' ' themselves"), as in this case. 
Sliqbh-Mis. Slemish, a moun. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



245 



were overthrown. 1 A slaughter of the Ui-Mac-Brocc, in 
the time of Colgu, 2 son of Cellach. Burning of Inis- 
Baithin. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 775. The repose of Column Finn, [775.] BIS. 
anchorite. Death of Goidel of Cluain-Iraird. 4 Death 
of Forbasach, abbot of Rath-Aedha. 5 Death of Colbrand, 
abbot of Clonmacnoise. ' Translation ' of the relics of V 
St. Ere of Slane, and ' translation ' of the relics of Finian 
of Cluain-Iraird. Deatli of Maelraanach, abbot of 
Cenngaradh. 7 A battle among the Dalaraide themselves, 8 
at Sliabh-Mis, 9 in which Nia, son of Cualta, was slain. 
A battle of Drung 10 again in the same year, among the 
Dalaraide, in which fell Cinaedh Cairgge, son of Cathasach, 
and Dungal, grandson of Fergus Forcraidh. 11 Tomaltach, 12 
son of Indrechtach,and Echaidh, 13 son of Fiachna, were vic- 
tors. Cellach, son of Dunchad, King of Leinster, died. The 
battle of Ath-duma 14 between the Airthera and the Ui- 
Echach-Cobha, in which fell Gormgal, son of Conall Crui, 
King of Cobha. Eugan, son of Ronchenn, abbot of Lis-mor, 
and Maelrubha Ua Moenaigh, died. A destructive battle 
between the Ui-Neill and Munstermen, 15 in which were 
the ' family ' of Dermagh, 16 and the sons of Tobath, i.e. 
Duinechaidh and Cathrannach, and others of the sons of 



tain in the barony of Lower Antrim, 
in the co. of Antrim. 

10 Drung See note 1 , p. 96, supra. 

11 Fergus Forcraidh. The death of 
this person is recorded above under 
the year 702. 

12 Tomaltach. This Tomaltach, son 
of Indrechtach, is mentioned among 
the kings of Ulad in the list in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 41, col. 3), and 
also in the list of kings of Dalaraide 
(p. 41, col. 5). See under the year 
789 infra. 

"Echaidh Called "Eocho" in 

the Book of I^eintter list of the kings 



of Ulad (p. 41, col. 3), whore ho is 
stated to have reigned 10 years. 

14 Ath-duma. A battle of Ath- 
duma between the Ulidians and the 
Ui-Echach is mentioned above at 
the year 7GO. The place has not been 
identified. 

15 Munstermen. - - TDuirno, A. B. 
has the abbrev. for TTluimnecu 
(accus. pi. of TTluimnec, a " Munster- 
man "). 

19 1 Family ' / Dermagh. The 
community of Durrow, in the King's 
county. The Four Hasten do not 
give this entry. 



246 



ulcroti. 



'*' 



X 



T)omnaill; 7 ceci7>efitmr; mulci 7>e tYlume, 7 

pjepunc nepo^ep Neill. Conba-o mna con. 

}ct. lanaip. CCnno -oommi T>CC. lxx. tn. 

Cumapcaic oc oi>paib, aliup tnxic aliup mopcuup 
Cojrn_rpvo cachimaipecc isip T>CC ua Cepnai|,i7> 



pin 
oenai| la 



"Khali 7 Cumupcac, m quo ceci-oepunt: Gc^uf mac 

bai, 7 cecepi mulei, hi pallet CaUropomo. 

tagen la "Donncha-o pop bpega. 1ni> tile 

pampaT> .1. pleco'D mop 7 gaec mop. 

"Oomnaill pegip Conn ace. Cumupcc 

'Dpnncha'D pop Ciannace. 1n cocca-o icip "DonnchaD 7 

Congalac. Sepagep Calpaigi lahU Pacpac. banbo'bB- 

gni papienp obnr:. 1m> piuc pola. 'g^T 101 H^'OCH 

olchena, pene mopealieap. 1n bo ap map. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "Dormm T>CC. lxx.un. 1n cocca-o 
ceima icip "OonnchaT) 7 Congalac .1. mac Conamg, 7 



bellum popcalaiD inna popciunn, ubi ceciitepunr; Con- 
^alac mac Conain^, 7 Cuanu mac GcniD, 7 *0epmait: 
mac Clo-cgm, 7 "Duncha-o mac CClem, 7 plasma mac 
TTlaele'DUin, 7 ceeepi muln. "Donncha-o uiceop 



1 Combat of the Cut's. Qbai) (for 
conba-DjOrcomba^innacon. This 
would also mean "battle of the dogs," 
CM (gen. pi. and sg. cow.) a " dog," 
being frequently used in the formation 
of the names of remarkable Irishmen 
in ancient times. This entry may 
have some reference to the 1st and 
2nd entries under the next year. 

2 ' Jugulatio.'' This word as used 
in the Irish Annals always means a 
death inflicted by violence. The 
Four Masters, who have the entry of 
this event at the year 772, say that 
the one killed the other; in other 
words, that they fell by each 
other. 



3 Odhra. Now Odder, in the 
parish of Tara, barony of Skreen, 
and county of Meath. 

4 Cernach. The Cernach, son of 
Diarmait, son of .Aedh Slane, whose 
death is entered above at the years 
663 and 666. 

5 Caladruim. Now Galtrim, in the 
par. of the same name, barony of 
Lower Deece, co. Meath. 

6 King. tiegif , A. B. Clar. 49 
has 'rex.' But the older MSS. are 
probably correct, and as the forms 
pitii and Yiegiy are used in connection 
with ' ' Flathrui " (the genit. form 
of Flathrue, or Flathru), it follows 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



247 



Domnall ; and many of the Munstermen were slain ; and 
the Ui-Neill were victors. Combat of the Cu's. 1 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 776. The ' jugulatio ' of Cumuscach's 
sons, at Odhra, 8 one lived, another died. A mutual 
battle between two descendants of Cernach, 4 viz., Niall 
and Cumuscach, in which fell Echtgus, son of Baeth, and 
many others, in the fair-green of Caladruim. 5 The 
hosting of Leinster by Donnchad upon Breg. Winter 
altogether in the Summer, viz., great rain and great wind. 
Flathrui, son of Domnall, King 6 of Connaught. Dis- 
turbance of the fair, 7 by Donnchad, against the Cianachta. 
The war between Donnchad and Congalach. 8 Slaughter 
of the Calraighi by the Ui-Fiachrach. Ban-Bodbhgna, 9 
a wise man, died. The ' bloody flux.' Many diseases 
besides; a mortality almost. The great mortality of 
cows. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 777. The same war between Donn- 
chad and Congalach (i.e., son of Conaing 10 ) ; and the 
battle of Forcalad at the end of it, in which were slain 
Congalach, son of Conaing, and Cuanu, son of Ecned, 
and Diarmait, son of Clothgna, and Dunchad, son of 
AliSne, and Flaithnia, son of Maelduin, and many others. 
Donnchad was victor. 



[77G.] 



[777.] 



that some word like mop,f , 

has been omitted before 

But the dealh of Flaithruae, King of 

Connaught (the same name a little 

altered), is entered under the year 

778. 

7 The fair. The " Fair " (or 
" national games ") celebrated an- 
nually in Tailltiu, or Tcltown, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
See above, at the year 716. O'Conor 
entirely misunderstood this entry, 
which he translates in his ed. of these 
Aiinala (ad. an.), " Levia pugua, seu 



velitatio, facta apud Doenag, a Dunn- 
chado rege contra Ciannachtenses." 

8 Congalach. The same personage 
mentioned under the next year. 

9 Ban-BodW>yna."'B&n of 'Bod- 
bligna.'" Bodbhgna b now known 
as Sliabh-Baune, in the county of 
Roscommon. 

10 Son of Conaing. The original of 
this clause is added by way of gloss 
in B. It is in the text in Clar. 49. 
Congalach, son of Conaing, was King 
of the Brega, 



248 



CCNMCClCC UlCCOh. 



Fol. 3366. 



T)o each pop,cataiT; 
"Oortinach "otibac "oepach ; 
ba imDa mataip, boeT> bp,onac 
1n tuan tap, na b'ap/xch. 

Combupcio ctuana mice U "Noip hi .111. 1-otip 1uit. 1nT> 
piu pota. 1n bo--ap. map. Lex Colinm Citte ta 
"DonnchaT) 7bpepat. Til opp 61:1 ppceiti mic CCepo mic 
Cotggene, pep p .M. Cenn petai . "Oopmicacio CCmpcet- 
tai, abbanp ConnT)ipe 7 Lainne eta. "Miatt ppopac 
mac "Pep^aile (ann 1 cotaim citte), 7 "Mmtt mac Conaitt 
Spains pex 'Deipceipu bpe, 7 Duaal mac Cpemuam 
pex CuatanT), 7 ptannabpa pex .h . mail, 7 (Deft pinn 
mac ecT)ac pex T)at Uiaui, omnep mopcui punu. 
Siumai6 abacipa cluana baipenn mopcua epc. pman 
abbap Cluana auip, 7jCojipjcarip_jQapienp loca n-6ipne, 
quieuepunt;. Ce-oip nepouum 1Tlam m campo "Daipben, 
ubi CCp^al uiccop epau. Girni mgen CmaT>on mopcua 
epc. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -Dommi T>CC. txx. uni. TTlopp 
epipcopi Cluana ipaipT. Oengup mac CCleni 



1 Forcalad. O'Donovan was un- 
certain whether this should be "For- 
calad,"or/or Calad (" upon Calad "); 
which (" Calad ") he regarded as 
" probably the .... Caladh of 
Calraighe .... in the present 
parish of Ballyloughloe [co. West- 
meath]. Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 773, 
note o. This stanza, which is not in 
B., is added, in the original hand, in 
the lower margin of fol. 336 in A., 
with a mark of reference to its place 
in the text. 

2 Donnchad. Monarch of Ireland. 
The enforcement, or promulgation, of 
the ' Law ' (or tribute) of St. Colum- 
Cille by his father Domnall, also 



monarch of Ireland, is recorded above 
at the year 752. 

3 Lann-Ela.--Now Lynally, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's county. 

4 Niall Frosach. Niall "of the 
Showers." His accession to the 
kingship of Ireland is recorded above 
at the year 7G2 ( = 763). In the 
Book of Leinster (p. 25, col. 2), 
Niall is stated to have died in Hi 
(lona), na ailichfu, "in his pil- 
grimage ;" and it is added that three 
remarkable showers fell in his reign, 
namely, a shower of " white silver," 
a shower of honey, and a shower of 
wheat. See under the years 717 and 
763, supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



249 



By the battle of Forcalad 1 was caused 
A sorrowful, tearful Sunday. 
Many a fond mother was sad 
On the Monday following. 

Burning of Clonrnacnoise on the 6th of the Ides of July. 
The ' bloody flux.' The great mortality of cows. The 
' Law ' of Colum-Cille by Donnchad 2 and Bresal. Death 
of Etirscel, son of Aedh, son of Colgu, King of Ui- 
Cennselaigh. The ' falling asleep ' of Ainfcellach, abbot 
of Connor, and of Lann-Ela s . Niall Frosach, 4 son of 
(in I-Colum-Cille 8 ). and 



Niall son of Conall 
Grant, 6 King of the South of Bregh, and Tuathal son of 
Cremthan, 7 King of Cualand, and Flannabra, King of 
Ui-Mail, and Aedh Finn son of Echaidh. King of Dal- 
riata 8 all died. Sithmaith, abbess of Cluain-Bairenn, 9 
died. Finan, abbot of Cluain-auis, 10 and Constans, a 
wise man, of Loch-Eirne," rested. A slaughter of the 
Ui-Mani, in Magh-Dairben, 12 where Artgal 13 was the 
victor. Eithni, daughter of Cinadhon," died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 778. Death of Fulartach, bishop of 
Cluain-Iraird. Oengus son of Alene, King of Mughdorne; 



4 I-Coluim-Cille. lona. This 
clause is interlined in A and B. 

8 Conall Grant; i.e. Conall "the 
Gray." See under the year 717, 
tvpra. 

7 Cremthan. The Crimthan, son 
of Cellach Cualand, whose death is 
entered above at the year 725. 

8 Dalriata ; i.e. the Irish Dalriata, 
in the co. of Antrim. See Reeves' 
Eccl. Antiqq., p. 318, *q. 

Cluain-Bairenn. Cloonburren, 
in the parish of Moore, barony of 
Moycarn, and county of Roscommon. 

10 Cluain-auis. Otherwise written 
Cluain-eois ; now Clones, county 
Monaghan. 

11 Loch-Eirne.' Lough Erne, in 



the co. Fermanagh. But this is 
probably a mistake. The Martyr, of 
Donegal, at Nov. 14, give the festival 
of " Constans, Priest and Anchorite, 
of Eo-inis, in Loch-Eirne in Uladh, 
A.D. 777 ;" evidently the same person. 
But according to the Ann. Four 
Mast., at A.D. 1231, Eo inis [Eanish, 
O'Donov. note e ad an.] was in Logh- 
Oughter [co. Cavan ; an expansion 
of the River Erne further south]. 

12 Magh-Dairben. Somewhere in 
Connaught. Not identified. 

" Artgal. King of Connaught. 
See under the year 781 infra. 

14 Cinadhon King of the Scotch 
Picts, whose obit is given above at 
the year 774. 



l 
4t u^ fv & 



1778.] 



250 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



^ (we In/dt 



X 



fiex mu5T>opne, Conall hua Off em abbap tesubai, 
CCmmepi abbap Hao nuae, Conn a mac Con am, TDoman 
mac Copmaic abbaf capac puppi 1 Ppancia, lai- 
puae pex ConnachT:, -oepuncci punu. bouum mopxali- 
cap non T>epinit;, 7 mopcalirap hommum ne pennupia. 
Combupcio Cille "capo hi .111. iT>up 1um. Combupno 
cluana moep TTlaeT>occ. Combupcio Citte T>eil's^e. 
1n botg^ach pop 6n.mn huile. Uencup maximup m 
pine aucurnm. TTluipeT)ac mac Oengupa, pex apT>a 
Cianachca, lugula^up epc. SlogaT) la T)onnchaT) ipm 
^ocla, co cucc paltu o T)omnatl mac CCei>o mtunDeipg, 
pege aquitomp. bellum TTDumen muicem, ubi ceciT>it; 
mac eiaTai pex "Deppmuman. bpeiplen 

i tuccop, puiz:. "Pop-bopac mac TT1 aetecotaiTaBbap 

chaimm, mopi^up,- 

lanaip. CCnno T>omim T>CC. lxx. ix. Combupcio 
CClocluaT>e m |CatenT>ip lanuapn. Combupcio cluana 
baipenn 7 combupno balm. Tllopp TTlupcoTia mic 
TJuiBToa^ua^. bellum T>O ma'bmaim pe Colg^en mac 
Cellai popp na hdipepu, ubi ceciDepunt: mul^i 
ignobilep. 6ilpm pex Saxonum mopicup. TTIac temne 
abbap mnpe baipenn obnt:. "Pu^a RuaDpac a Occun. 
ochae, 7 Coipppi mic taiT^nein, cum Duobup ^enepibup 



1 Letuba. This monastery is men- 
tioned above at the year 772. 

2 Fur go's City. Peronne, in 
France. St. Fursa is referred to at 
the years 626, 647, 648, 655, and 
660, supra. 

3 Flathrua. See under the year 
776. 

4 Ceased not. non T)epiuic, A. 
non desinit, Clar. 49. Omitted in 
B. 

6 Fochla. A name for the North 
of Ireland. 

6 Des-Mumha Desmond. 

7 Brelshn of Berre. Berre is now 
represented by the barony of Bear, in 



the N.W. of the co. Cork. The obit 
of Breislen of Berre is entered under 
the year 798 infra, and that of 
his son Maelbracha, lord of Corca- 
Loighde (a territory to the south of 
Berre. in the same county), is given 
by the Four Masters at A.D. 800 
(=805). 

8 Ros-caimm. Plainly written 
jxoip chaimm (in the genit. case) in 
A. and B., and " Koischaim" in Clar. 
49. The Four Mast.,atA.v. 774,have 
fiopcc Comdm ("of Roscommon"). 
But the place intended may be Ros- 
cam, in the parish of Oranmore, co. 
Galway. It certainly could not have 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



251 



Conall Ua Osseni, abbot of Letuba j 1 Ainmeri, abbot of 
Rath-nua ; Conna, son of Conan ; Moenan, son of Cormac, 
abbot of Fursa's City 2 in France, [and] Flaithrua, 8 King 
of Connaught, died. The mortality of cattle ceased 
not ; 4 and a mortality of men from want. Burning of 
Cill-dara on the 3rd of the Ides of June. Burning of 
Cluain-mor-Maedhog. Burning of Cill-deilgge. The 
small-pox throughout all Ireland. A very great wind in 
the end of Autumn. Muiredach, son of Oengus, King of 
Ard-Cianachta, was slain. A_hosting by Donnchad into 
the Fochla, 5 so that he brought hostages frojaJOomnal], 
son of Aprlh JVTnjndffig, King of the North. A battle 



*//, 



among the Hunstermen themselves, in which fell Fergal* 
son of Eladaeh, King of Des-Mumha. 6 Breislen of 
Berre 7 was the victor. Forbasach, son of Maeltola, abbot 
of Ros-caimm, 8 dies. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 779. Burning of Al-Cluadhe, 9 on the 
Kalends of January. Burning of Cluaiii-Bairenn, 10 and 
burning of Balne. 11 Death of Murchadh, son of Dubh- f ML iU< 

datuath. A battle was broken 12 by Colgu, son of Cellach / 

xv A ru t, TT^ t- 

upon the Airthera, where many ignoble persons werev. 

slain. Eilpin, King of the Saxons, 13 dies. Mac-Leinne, 
abbot of Inis-Bairenn, died. The flight of Ruaidhri from 
Ochtar-Ocha, 14 and of Coirpre, son of Ladhgnen, with the 



been intended for Ros-Comain (Ros- 
common). 

9 Al-Cluadhe. Also written Al- 
Cluaithe, or Al- Cluathe. Dumbarton, 
in Scotland. See note 12 at the year 
657 supra. 

10 Cluain-Bairenn. Cloonburren, 
co. Roscommon. 

11 Balne. Or Balna (Latinized in 
the genit. form Balnf). Now Balla, 
in the barony of Clanmorris, co. 
Mayo. See above under the year 
693. 

18 Wat broken. "Do mcrDTnaitn. 
Dr. O'Conor, in his ed. of these Au- 



nals (ad an.), mistaking this expres- 
sion for the name of a place, translates 
" Praelium Domadhmanense " ! 

13 King of the Saxons. This seems 

a mistake, as Elpin was a Pictish /-_ A fl 
King. See Skene'a Chron. Picts and 
Scots, Pref., p. cxxvi. note. 

14 Ochtar-Ocha. Or Uachtar-Ocha 
("upper Ocha"). Some place in 
Leinster ; but not identified. O'Don- 
ovan says (Ann. F. M. A.D. 765, note 
a) that Ocha was the ancient name of 
a place near the hill of Tara, in Meath. 
See note 4 under the year 482 supra. 
Some lines of poetry referring to 



252 



ulccoti. 



t 



I. / 



1M3 

j/ (A. 



"Oonnchai) pef-fecutuf ep: eof curri pnf 
, uafcawcque 7 combtifpc pnef eofium 7 aecte- 
paf. "Mix mapia m CCpfutio. pen-giif TYlaisi T>umai 
mopTsuuf epr;. pon.bptaic 1115111 Connlai, oommaqaixciu- 
ana Ofionaig, mc-fxua efu. CCu^Uf^m benffcaTn., 7l$eT)n.ac 
mac Sobafxain, 7 "Nccoaficu -papienf, mop.T;tii 

o feno'DOfium nepor:um "Neitl 
'Cerrvpo, ubi -puejfiunc ancop.ir;ae 7 fcpibe 
T>UX eicrc "Dubtitrcep.. TTIacmo mac 

~ Oorrmam 





7 (Cef>ain 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno 7>ommi T>CC. txxoc. 
mac Con^aile mopcutif efu. TTla^na comixao m 
Foi. 34a. TDachae, 111 quinquapfpma Die, in qua ceciT>ic Con- 
T>alac mac CCitlello. 8encan abbaf Imleco Ibaip, 7 
Ofiac abbaf Lif moep., abbap inn^e "Daimle, 7 Sae^al 
hue e^oaifinsnae abbap cluana pe[ir;a TTloluae, 7 
"OuBinnfiechT; macjUep-^ufa abbaf "Pepn an n, 7 CCilngna-D 
epifcopuf af,T) bfieccan, 7 TTloenac .tl. TTIonai^ abbaf 
iainne leife, 7 peci:ac abbaf "Po^aiyi, 7 Cot^u mac 
Cellai |ii .Tl. Cfemcain, 7 CCitbf,an .Vl. Lu^aDon abbaf 
cluana "Dolcain, "NuaDa .Tl. Oolcam abbaf T^ommae 
oa olann, ^ungaljqfWfc-I^Lairiim'o iiex-4^JTlcnl, oep gat 



Ochtar-Ocha are written in the top 
margin of fol. 34 in A. But they 
arc not worth printing. 

1 The two tribes of the Leinstermen, 
i.e., the North Leinstermen proper, 
and the South Leinslermen, or Ui- 
Cennselaigh. Euaidhri was King of 
Leinster (see his ob. at 784 infra), 
and Coirpri King of Ui-Cennslaigh. 
(.Boofc of Leinster, p. 39, col. 2, and 
p. 40, col. 1.) 

2 Donnchad. King of Ireland at 
the time. 

3 Of the, synods. feno'DOTfUim, 
A. and B., (though O'Conor prints 



from the latter MS. "Sinodorum' 1 ). 
" Synodarum," Clar. 49. 

4 Dulhlitter Probably Dubli- 

litter, abbot of Finglas (near Dublin), 
whose obit is given infra at the 
year 795. 

5 President. -DUX. Clar. 49 
translates " Captain." 

6 Third. The " Lex secunda," or 
second promulgation of the ' Law,' or 
tribute, of Coman and Aedan, is 
recorded above at the year 771. 

7 Quinquagesima. "Shrovetide," 
Ann. Clonmacnoise, A.D. 778. 

8 Imlech-Ibhair. Emly, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



253 



two tribes of the Leinstermen. 1 Donnchad 2 pursued 
them, with his confederates, and wasted and burned their 
territories and churches. Great snow in April. Fergus 
of Magh-duma dies. Forbflaith, daughter of Connla, 
abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. Augustin of Bennchair, 
and Sedrach, son of Sobarthan, and Nadarchu, a wise 
man, died. A congress of the s} T nods 8 of the Ui-Neill 
and the Leinstermen, in the town of Tara, where were 
several anchorites and scribes, over whom Dubhlitter 4 was 
president. 5 Macnio, son of Cellach, abbot of Dun- 
lethglaisi, rested. The third 8 'Law' of Coman and 
Aedan begins. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 780. Dungalach, son of Congal, died. 
Great confusion in Ard-Macha on Quinquagesima 7 day, 
in which Condalach, son of Ailill, was slain. Senchan, 
abbot of Imlech-Ibhair ; 8 Orach, abbot of Lis-mor ; the 
abbot of Inis-Daimle ; 9 Saerghal Ua Edairngnae, abbot of 
Cluain-ferta-Molua 10 ; Dubhinnrecht, son of Fergus, abbot 
of Ferns ; Ailgnadh, bishop of Ard-Brecain ; Moenach 
Ua Monaigh, abbot of Lann-leire ; 11 Fechtach, abbot of 
Fobhar; 12 Colgu, son of Cellach, king of the Ui-Cremthain ; 
Ailbran Ua Lugadon, abbot of Cluain-Dolcain ; 18 Nuada 
Ua Bolcain, abbot of Tuaim-da-olann ;" Dungal. son of 
Flaithniadh, king of Ui-Mail ; 15 Saergal Ua Cathail, a 



[780.] 



9 Inis-Daimle. In the Martyr, of 
Donegal, at July 4, Inis-Daimle (or 
Inis-Doimhle, as the name is there 
written) is described as between Ui- 
Cennselaigh [county of Wexford] 
and the Deisi [co. Waterford]. Dr. 
Todd thought Inis-Daimle was pro- 
bably the same as " Little Island," in 
the expansion of the Suir, near 
Waterford. War of the GaedMl, &c., 
Introd., xxxvii., note 2 . 

10 Cluain-ferta-Molua. See note 10 , 
p. 85, supra, 

11 Lann-leire, Or Lann-kri, as 



written above at the year 720, where 
see note a . 

12 Fobhar. Fore, co. Westmeath. 

IS Cluain-Dokain. Clondalkin 
near Dublin. Other members of the 
Ua Lugadon family seem to have been 
abbots of Clondalkin. See under the 
years 789 and 800, infra. 

14 Tuaim-da-olann. A variation of 
the name Tuaim-da-ghualaun ; Tuam, 
co. Galway. 

14 Ui-Mail. --This territory com- 
prised the well-known Glen of 
Imaile, in the present county of 



254 



uloroti. 



.Tl. Ccrccnl papienp, 7 "pepsur mac Gcac n.1 T)al Riat;i, 
omnef T>e-punct;i ftmt;. betturn pi^e fie pepaif) bfieg 
pop. Lai^niu, -Die pamnae, 111 quo cetn'oit; Cucon^alr; fii 
Rauo mbip. 'Oiapman; mac Conaing 7 Conams mac 
7>a ua Conaitig, 7 TTlaet'ouin mac 
mac Cuma-pcai?;, T>UO nepocef 
belli Uigi. 

Lorccfi Laijin a|i farham 
T)o taij T>a$p|i naT 
lugcc -0151, 
byiu Riji fio 

eicnecmac eiprenail equonimuf*Ooimliacc,7CuT)inaifc 



fiex 



CCnno Tomim T>CC. locccx. 1. 
.tl. THaileuoile, 7 Co]imac mac Ofiepail abba 
b|ieccain 7 aliajuim ciuiracum, 7 "Dubcolap.^ 
piccofium cncfta TTlonou, 7 TTluiyie'Dac mac 
equommuf 1ae, 7 beccan Lippecai|M, 7 Scannal 
'Gai'Dss abbaf CCchaiD bo m pe]iiaCom|aill, 
act. 111 anno, 7 ban[ban] abb Cloenuo, 7 OCef>an abbap 
fioipp Commam, 7 "Ulcan equommup benncaip, 7 
pepT)omnac "Comae T)a gualann, omnep 



Wicklow. The Four Masters (at A.D. 
776) have " Umhall," now represented 
by the baronies of Mijrresk and Bur- 
rishoole,co. Mayo ; which seems wrong. 

1 Right. O'Donovan (Four Mast. , 
A.D. 776, note#) says that this is the 
River Rye, which unites with the Liff ey 
at Leixlip, after forming the boundary 
for several miles between the coun- 
ties of Kildare and Meath. But 
Shearman would identify it with the 
King's river, in the centre of Wick- 
low. Loca Patriciana, p. 121. 

2 Bath-inbMr. The " Rath (or 
' fort ') of the Estuary." According 



to the Irish life of St. Patrick in 
the Leabar Breac (p. 28, col. a) 
Rath-inbhir was in the country of the 
Ui-Garchon, which comprised Rath- 
new, Glenealy, and other places in 
the present barony of Newcastle, co. 
Wicklow. It was probably the old 
name of the present town of Wicklow, 
which is situated at the mouth (or 
estuary) of Inbher-Dea, the ancient 
name of the Vartry river. 

3 Samhain. Allhallowtide. 

4 Desire of drink [i.e., thirst] 
seized them not. O'Donovan trans- 
lates this line "They left not the 



)7-2 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



255 



wise man, and Fergus, son of Echa, king of Dalriata 
all died. The battle of Righe 1 [gained] by the men of 
Bregh over the Leinstermen, on the day of Allhallows, in 
which were slain Cucongalt, king of Rath-inbhir. 3 
Diarmait son of Conaing, and Conaing son of Dungal 
two descendants of Conaing and Maelduin, son 
of Fergus, and Fogartach, son of Cumascach two 
descendants of Cernach were victors in the battle of 
Righe. 1 

The Leinstermen went on Samhain 3 

To the house of a good man they loved not ; 

Desire of drink seized them not ; 4 

They remained on the brink of Righe. 1 

Eicnech, son of Eistenach, steward 5 of Daimliacc, and 
Cudinaisc Ua Ciarraighe, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 781. Uarcridhe Ua Mailetoile ; Cormac 
son of Bresal, abbot of Ard-Brecain and other monas- 
teries ; Dubhtolarg, King of the Picts on this side of 
Monoth ; 6 Muiredach, son of Uargal, steward 7 of la ; 
Beccan Liffechaire ; Scannal Ua Taidg, abbot of Achadh- 
bo (on the festival of Comghall, in the 43rd year of his 
government) ; Ban [ban], 8 abbot of Cloenad ; 9 Aedhan, 
abbot of Ros-Comaiu ; Ultan, steward of Bennchair, and 
Ferdomnach of Tuaim-da-ghualann 10 all died. Tho 



[781.1 



least of drink" ( Ann. Four Mast., 
A.D. 776). But this is clearly wrong. 
The poet meant to convey that the 
army which remained on the brink 
of the river Righe could not have 
suffered from thirst. 

5 Steward. Or House-steward, 
ecfuonimtif, for oeconomup, A., 
B., and Clar. 49. 

6 Monoth. One of the two moun- 
tain ranges in Scotland called the 
" Mound," or " Mounth." See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 387, note r. 



1 Steward. ecfuommup, MSS. 
The Four Mast, (at A.D. 777), have 
pfiioifi, or " Prior." See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 365. 

8 Ban[ban]. bom, A., B. " Ban- 
ab," Clar. 49 ; which adds the title 
" Airchinn," for Airchinnech, "Heren- 
ach,'' or " Erenach." The name is 
written Banbhan in the Ann, F. J/., 
which is probably the correct form. 

9 Cloenad. Clane, co. Kildare. 

10 Tuaim-da-ghualann. T\iam, co. 
Galway. 



256 



CCNNCClCC 



V bacalt CCprrgaile mic Catail pegip Connachc 

pmano emp m pequenn anno ceo mpotam 1ae. bel- 
lum Cmppic m conpimo Citte -ocqio m in. |CatenT>ap 
pepnmbfup, repna pepia, imp, RtJ<ropai$ mac paetain 
7 bpan mac Tntnn,eT)ai, ubi ceciT>eptms THu^pon mac 
plain n pex .tl. poil&i, 7 "Dub-oacpic mac tai-opiem, |ri_ 
X ppecufi. Rimi-oni uiccoyi -puic. bfian capr-iuufouc^Uf 

]ct. lanaip.. CCnno T>omim T>CC. lococx. n. 
T)omnaillp"Lii plaicmaT>,fii5 .h. poit|i,i cluain 
. TTlaelT)Ui15 1 n-^eifbnmu. Oenguf mac Cn.unnmail 
Foi 3iab. abbaf *Ooimliacc, 7 CCilill -h. 'Cipfiai^i, 7 
cebbynp Li moen., 7 bacallac 



fp moen., 7 

Sencuae, 7 "Oomnatl mac Ceicefinail pex nepoicum 
Canpcon m clepicacu, 7 Hec^laicen po6ai|i fapienf, 
7 CCopon fapienp, 7 paetguf mac 'Cnurgaite papienp 
Cluana ipaiiiT)T), 7 peyiguf epifcopup T)oimliacc, 7 
becc mac Cumufcai, omnep mop^ui punc 
aijTo TTlacae7 maii h6u -paxonum 
coi;a nocre pabbaci, 7 toniqauum, hi .1111. nonap 
7 uenr;up magnup 7 ualiDippimup Tupupuxic monap- 
repium ctuana bponai|. betlum T)umai aca-5 mrep 
T)at tiCCpaiTe muicem, m quo ceciT>ic pocap^a nepop 



1 ' Bachall ' of Artgal. This is an 
idiomatic way of saying that Artgal 
assumed the pilgrim's staff (bachal= 
baculum). See a similar expression 
used in reference to Becc Bairche, 
King of Ulad, at the year 706 supra. 
The obit of Artgal (whose victor} r in 
the battle of Magh-Dairben, over the 
Ui-Maine, is recorded above at the year 
777) is given under 790 infra. 

2 la. lona, in Scotland. 

3 Cuirrech. The Curragh of Kil- 
dare. 

4 In mutual conibact. Tn pfiecufi, 
A., B. Literally meaning "in re- 
sponse " (or " in opposition ''). The 
blundering author of the version in 



Clar. 49 makes a proper name out of 
hi Ffiecujx, and writes " Duvdacrich 
Me Laignen O'Frecar.'' 

5 Cluain- Conaire-Maelduibh. The 
" Cluain-Conaire " (" Conarj-'s mea- 
dow") of Maeldubh, a saint whose 
festival is mentioned in the Martyr, of 
Donegal, under Dec. 18. Now Clon- 
curry, in the parish of the same name, 
barony of East Offaly, co. Kildare; 
and not Cloncurry, in the barony of 
Ikeathy and Oughterany, in the same 
county, which was anciently known 
33 Cluain-Conaire-Tomain. See the 
Felire of Oengus at Sept. 16, and 
Book ofLeinster, p. 43a. 

6 In geiilinne. i 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



257 



[782.] 



' bachall ' of Artgal, 1 son of Cathal, King of Connaught, 

and his pilgrimage to the Island of la 2 in the following 

year. The battle of Cuirrech 3 in the vicinity of Kildare, 

on the Gth of the Kalends of September, the third day 

of the week, between Ruaidhri son of Faelan, and Bran 

son of Muiredach, in which Mugron sou of Flann, King 

of Ui-Failghi, and Dubhdacrich son of Ladgnen, were 

slain in mutual combat. 4 Kuaidhri was the victor. Bran ** ^ r 1 

was led away captive. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 782. The slaying of Domnall son of 
Flaithniadh, King of Ui-Failghi, in Cluain-Conaire- 
Maelduibh, 5 in ' geislinne." 5 Oengus, son of Crunnmael, 
abbot of Daimliacc ; Ailill Ua Tipraiti ; Suairlech, a cele- 
brated anchorite, of Lis-mor ; Bathallach, a wise man, of 
Scnchua ; Domnall, son of Ceithernach, King of the Ul- 
Carrcon, in religion ; Kechtlaiten of Fobhar, a wise man ; 
Aaron, a wise man ; Faelgus, son of Tnuthgal, a wise 
man, of Cluain-Iraird ; Fergus, bishop of Daimliacc, 7 and 
Becc, son of Cumascach all died. Burning of Armagh, 
and of Magh-eo 8 of the Saxons. Terrible lightning 
during the entire night of Saturday, 9 and thunder, on 
the 4th of the Nones of August ; and a great and mighty 
wind destroyed the monastery of Cluain-Bronaigh. The 
battle of Duma-achadh 10 amon the Dalaraidhe them- 



A., B. "in Geislinne," Clar. 49, 
where " Geislinne " seems to be re- 
garded as the name of a place. Dr. 
O'Conor, in his ed. of these Annals 
(ad an.), altogether misrepresents 
both the text and its meaning. 

7 Daimliacc. Duleek, co. Meath. 

8 Magh-eo, Mayo, in the county 
of Mayo. See cotes 8 and 9, under 
the year 731, pp. 184-5 supra. 

9 Saturday. nocce fabbccn. 
Translated " night of Sunday," in the 
extract from these Annals published 
in the Table of Cosmical Phenomena, 
&c., Census of Ireland for the year 



1851 (Part V., Vol. I., p. 57). The 
year 782 of this chronicle corresponds 
to the year 783 of the common 
reckoning, the Dominical Letter of 
which being E., the 3rd of August 
was Sunday, and the fourth of the 
Nones (or 2nd) of August was there- 
fore a Saturday. 

10 Duma-achadh. The "mound of 
the field" O'Donovan, observing 
that this name is written "Dunai- 
achaidh" [the gen. case], in the Annals 
of Ulster, identifies the place with a 
fort in the parish of Dunaghy, co. 
Antrim. Four Matt., A.D. 778, 
S 



258 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



Conalea. belttim In "Pepnae moep meep abbarem 7 
equommum, IT> epu, Caal 7 pcmnachcac. tTlomach 
nepop TT1oinai pex nepocum pibopum Cuaip, mac 
plaimaT> abbap Cluana pepea, mopeui punt:. Scamac. 
"Popup cano pa~picn In Cpuaemt), la T)ubDaleii 7 let 
'Cippaiei piluim 'CaiT)^. 

" ]ct. lanaip. CCnno 'oommi -occ. lxxx. 111. Heccnia 
abbap cluana mace "U "Kloip obnc. TnaelDtnn mac 
Oengupa, pi cenel Loi^aipe, 7 IrrnpecTieac mac *Qu_n- 
chaDa, 7 Ciapan abb Ha^o mai|e oenaig 7 1:156 TDopmnu, 
7 CCe-o^al pi htlmaill, 7 Cepnac mac uibne equommup 
aipDT) IDacae, 7 Coipenmec nepop Pfie-oem pex nepoeum 
6cT>ac tllai^, 7 ITlaelcaec mac Cupcpaie mmn, 7 
Conall mac Cpunnmail abbap Lupcan, 7 Cu^amnae 
mac "Moennenaig pex ^enepip coipppi, omnep -oepuncei 
pune. Combupno CCco epuim. bellum pe n-"0om- 

-^( nail mac CCeio munToeip^ pop cenel mboanie. 
bacall T)uncaT>o mic TJuib-Da^uai), pegip nepor;um 
TTlaine. plann epipcopup papienp, abbap mnpe cam 
"Dego, u en en o mop^ipicaeup ep<c. bellum caipn 
Conaill m CCiT>mu, ubi T3ippaiT:i uic?:op, 7 nepouep 
Piacpac uicei. Ri^al ieip "OonnchaT) mac nT)omnaill 



note t. But " Duma-achadh'' is the 
form in A. and B. Clar. 49 has 
"Duma-acha." 

1 Ferna-mor. Ferns, co. Wexford. 
This battle is not noticed in the Ann. 
Four Mast., the compilers of which 
generally omitted entries of this kind, 
apparently from a disinclination to 
notice events calculated to bring 
discredit on the church of which they 
were such devout members. 

2 Son of Flaithniadh. The cor- 
responding entry in the Ann. Four 
Masters, at A.D. 776, has Flaithniadh, 
son of Congal, and not mac Flaith- 
niadhy or " son of Flaithniadh." 



3 Scamach Under the year 785, in 
the MS. Clar. 49, scamach is ex- 
plained by " scales." But scamach 
seems connected with seaman, which 
in the "Lorica of Gildas" (Stokes's 
Old Irish Glossaries, p. 141,) appears 
to signify " lungs," cum pulmone being 
glossed cusin seaman (" with the 
lungs."). See the same work, p. 150, 
No. 221. 

4 Dubhdaleithi Tipraili. The 
former was Archbishop of Armagh at 
the time, and the latter King of Con- 
naught. This entry seems to have 
been quite misunderstood by O'Conor 
and by the so-called ' translator ' of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



259 



selves, in which fell Focarta Ua Conalta. A battle in 
Ferna-mor, 1 between the abbot and the steward, viz : 
Cathal and Fiannachtach. Moinach Ua Moinaigh, King 
of Ui-Mac-Uais, [and] the son of Flaithniadh, 2 abbot of 
Cluain-ferta, died. The ' Scamach.' 3 The promulgation 
of Patrick's ' Law ' in Cruachna, by Dubhdaleithi/ and 
by Tipraiti 4 son of Tadhg. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 783. Rcchtnia, abbot of Clonmac- [733.] BIS. 
noise, died. Maelduin, son of Oengus, King of Cinel- 
Loeghaire ; Innrechtach, son of Dunchad ; Ciaran, abbot /Vf J> 
of Rath-maighe-oenaigh and Tech-Mofinnu; Aedhgal, 
King of Umhall; Cernach, son of Suibhne, steward of 
Armagh; Coisenmech Ua Predeni, King of Ui-Echach of 
Uladh ; Maelcaich, son of Cuscrad Menn ; Conall, son of 
Crunnmael, abbot of Lusca, arid Cugamhna, son of Noen- 
nenach, King of Cinel-Coirpri all died. Burning of 
Ath-truim. A battle [gaincdl by Domnall f 5 son of Aedh 
Muinderg, over the Cinel-Boghaine. The ' bach all ' of 
Dunchad, 6 son of L^uUllduLlUitliT King of Ui-Maine. 
Flann, a wise bishop, abbot of Inis-cain-Dego, was put 
to death by poison. 7 The battle of Carn-Conaill 8 in 
Aidhne, 9 where Tipraiti 10 was victorious, and the Ui- 
Fiachrach were defeated. A royal meeting between 



these Annals whose version is con- 
tained in Clar. 49. 

* Damnall. Originally written 
"Oonnchcro in A., but properly cor- 
rected to "OorriTiaLt. 

8 The 'bachair of Dunchad. 
This is an idiomatic way of saying 
that Dunchad assumed the ' baculum' 
or pilgrim's staff ; in other words went 
on a pilgrimage. See above, under 
the year TOG, where a similar entry 
regarding Becc Bairche, King of 
Ulidia, is recorded ; and under the 
year 781, in connection with the 



name of Artgal, King of Con- 
naught. 

1 By poison. uenino, A. 

8 Carn-Conaill. See under the 
year G48 supra, and O'Donovan's ed. 
of the Ann. four Jfast., A.D. 645, 
note x. 

9 Aidhne. This was the ancient 
name of a district co-extensive with 
the diocese of Kilmacduagh, in the 
county of Galway. 

10 Tipraiti. King of Connaught at 
the time. His obit is entered under 
the year 785 infra. 

s2 



260 



ccnticclcc utceoti. 



7 r piacnae mac nCCe-oo fioen, occ 1nnfi 
n-ainrenu 



1n 7>&t occ 1tinfi na 
TDonnchcco m tiichec 

m cui'oechc hi 



CC-ouencuf fieliqtnantim pin Oific a7> 



|ct. lanaifi. CCnno7>omini T>CC. lxxx. 1111. T)unchaT> 
nepop *0aimem |iex nepocum TTIam, TTlaeloccaiaail 
Foi. 34 Za mac Conaill abbaf cille Ctiibnn 7 cille THanac 
7 mael-oinn mac pep^Ufa |iex toca sabofi, 7 
nepof Roicbc -papienf, 7 nflus^isefin-D mac 
ig fapienf abbaf 1nnfe cetrfiae, 7 1ofep .h . 
-papienf abbap bifiofi, 7 UuaiDin mac aetain 
croimm tapnencium, 7 Concobap mac Cot^en, 
omnef pe^ie|uJnT;. Commotxrcio jieliquiapum 11 Irani. 
bellum TTiuaiT)e, ubi Tippain tuccop. puiu. 
mac "Pocafirais, abbajQ^JQocla'DO 7 mnfi 

eipr. eUb^i| abanffa cluana 
eft;. 

"[ct. lanaip. CCnno .oommi -Dcc. lxxx. . TYlael'ouin 
mac CCeT>a bennam |iex 1p.loqie, Scannlan mac "plain n 



1 Donnchad. Monarch of Ire- 
land. 

*Fiachna. King of Ulidia. His 
obit is recorded xinder the j-ear 788 
infra. 

3 Inis-na-riffJi. The " Island of 
the Kings." Some island off the 
N.E. coast of the county of Dublin ; 
probably one of the group near 
Skerries. 

4 Of what. Offl, A. The Four 
Mast, write Cifi, which is un- 
doubtedly more correct. This stanza, 
which is not in B., is added in the 
lower margin of fol. 34a in A., with 



a sign of reference to the proper place 
in the text. 

5 Would not come. m cuToechc 
is seemingly a mistake f or m cuit>cTiec ) 
the proper form. 

6 Oj the son. pin, for ptln, A. 
and B. Dean Reeves, however, 
prints ' filiorum Eire" (" of the sons 
of Ere "). Adamnan, p. 387, note t. 

7 Tailtiu (gen. Tailten'). Teltown, 
in the parish of the same name, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
See Beeves' Adamnan, p. 194, 
note d. 

8 Cill-manach.1he Four Mast. 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



261 



Donnchad, 1 son of Domnall, and Fiachna* son of Aedh 
Roen, at Inis-na-righ, 3 in the eastern parts of Bregh. 

Of what 4 effect 

Was the meeting at Inis-na-righ ? 
Donnchad would not go upon the sea ? 
Finchna would not come* ashore. 

Arrival of the relics of the son 6 of Ere at the city of 
Tailltiu. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 784. Dunchad Ua Daimeni, Kino 1 of Ui- 

* o 

Maine ; Maelochtraigh son of Conall, abbot of Cill-Cuilinn 
and Cill-manach, 8 a scribe ; Maelduin son of Fergus, King 
of Loch-gabhor ; Faelgus Ua Roichlich, a wise man ; 
Mughthigernd son of Cellach, a wise man, abbot of Inis- 
Celtra ; Joseph Ua Foileni, a wise man, abbot of Biror ; 
Ruaidri 9 son of Faelan, King of all the Leinstermen, 
and Conchobar son of Colgu all died. 'Translation* 
of the relics of Ultan. 10 The battle of Muaidh, 11 where 
Tipraiti was victor. Echaidh son of Focartach, abbot of 
Fochladh and Inis-Clothrann, 12 died. Ellbrigh, abbess 
of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. , 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 785. Maelduin, son of Aedh \Bennan) 
king of Ir-Luachair ; 13 Scannlan, son of Flann7 king^of 



[784.] 






[785.] 



(at A.D. 780=785) write " Cill-na- 
raanach," the "Church of the 
monks ; " now Kilnamanagh, in the 
barony of Crannagh, co. Kilkenny. 
For a weird story, regarding the 
transformation of human beings into 
wolves, through the curse of St. 
Natalis, patron of Kilnamanagh, see 
Todd's Irish Nennius, p. 204, note p, 
and Girald. Cambr. Topoyr. Hibern., 
Dist. II., cap. 19. 

9 Ruadri. In the list of the 
Kings of Leinster contained in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 39, coL 2, 
Ruadri is set down as nest in suc- 



cession to Cellach son of Dunchad, 
whose obit is given above at the year 
775. 

l * Ultan. St Ultan, patron of 
Ardbraccan, co. Meath. See above 
at the years 656 and 662. 

11 Muaidh. The River Moy, in 
Connaught. 

1Z Inis-Clothrann. Inishcloghran, 
an island in Lough Ree, in the Shan- 
non. The name is wrongly written 
irmpi Cp.octip.cmn in A., B., and 
Clar. 49. 

lt Ir-Luachair. See note 1 , p. 188 
supra. 



262 



ccwicclcc ultroti. 



pi .tl. p-osenei, 7 "Gippaiei ^ac "Pepcaip abbap ctuana 
peped bpenamn, 7 Celtac mac TTIomaij;, 7 "Cippaiei 
mac txxiT>55 pi Conn ache, 8nei'0fuaail abbap ctuana 
mac Kloip, Celtac mac Copmaic pi ap-oae Ciannachea, 
mopiuneup. Ueneup maocimup m lanuapio. IntiiToaeio 
in T)aipimp. thpio eeppibibp hi ctuam mac "Noip, 7 
poemeeneia magna pep eoeam rhbepmam. bettuni 
meep Oppai^e muicem, m quo ceciDie ^aetan mac 
")2opbapai5. pebopT>aie abbap 'Cuiban ni^utaeup epe, 
7 11 In on em euip (.1. "Cuiteam, *Oonncha$ uiceop pine), 
bettum Liacpmi) meep TDonnchaD 7 ^enup CCef>a ptane, 
m quo ceciT>epune piacpai mac Caeail, 7 "Pogapeac mac 
Cumapcaif; pex Loca ^a15op, 7 T>UO nepoeep Conamg, IT> 
epe, Conains 7 T)iapmaie. bettum Cenon*o inp .tl. 
6cac [7] Conaitte, m quo ceciT>epune Caepue pex 
TTlu^DOpnae, 7 RimiT> mac Cepnai^. TDopp "Popbapai^ 
mic Becnupaig, pepp geneip bo^ame. pepeip que 
7>icieup pcamac. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CC. txxx. ui. Cotg^u 
mac Cpunnmait abbap Lupcan, Ctemenp mac Copbbem, 
tep^up nepop pii>cain papienp atle TTlaisnenn, 
Hobapeac mac tTloinaig equommup Stane 7 abbap 
citte poibpif;, TTIuipe'Dac mac Caeait abbap Citte T>apo, 



1 Died. moifiicufi, A., B., (though 
O'Conor prints moyictn punc). 
" moriuntur," Clar. 49. 

2 Dairinis. " Oak-island." This 
seems to be the Dairinis, otherwise 
called Dairinis-Maelanfaidh, from 
St. Maelanfaidh, its patron; now 
known as Molana, an island in the 
southern River Blackwater, a couple 
of miles to the north of Youghal. 

3 Tuilan. Dulane, in a parish of 
the same name, barony of Upper Kells, 
and county of Meath. The original 
of the parenthetic clause is added in 
the margin in A, , - 



4 Killed. The Four Mast. (A.D. 
781=786) represent Faebordaith as 
having died naturally. See next 
note. 

5 And the avenging of him, 7 ulr 
cionem emp. This entry is very 
loosely given in the MSS. 

6 .Donnchad. Called " Donnchad, 
son of Murchad," by the Four Mast. 
(A.D. 781=786). But according to 
the Book of Leinster (p. 42 col. ]), 
the Donnchad here referred to wag 
Donnchad (son of Domhnall, son of 
Murchadh), King of Ireland at the 
time. 






ANNALS OF ULSTER, 



203 



Ui-Fidhgenti ; Tipraiti, son of Ferchar, abbot of Cluain- 
ferta-Brenainn ; Cellach, son of Moenach ; Tipraiti, son 
of Tadhg, King of Connaught ; Sneidriaghail, abbot of 
Clonmacnoise, [and] Cellach, son of Cormac, King of Ard- 
Cianachta, died. 1 A very great storm in January. An 
inundation in Diarinis. 2 A terrible vision in Clonmac- 
noise, and great repentance throughout all Ireland. A 
battle between the Osraighe themselves, in which Faelan, 
son of Forbasach, was slain. Faebordaith, abbot of 
Tuilan, 3 was killed ; 4 and the avenging of him 8 (i.e,, at 
Tuilan f Donnchad 6 was victor). The battle of Liac-find, 
between Donnchad and the race of Aedh-Slane, in 
which fell Fiachra son of Cathal, and Fogartach, son of 
Cumuscach, king of Loch-Gabhor, 7 and two descendants 
of Conaing, viz. : Conaing and Diarmait. The battle of 
Cenond, 8 between the Ui-Echach [and] the Conaille, in 
which Cathrae, King of Mughdorna, and Rimidh son 
of Cernach, were slain. Death of Forbasach. son of 
Sechnasach, King of Cinel-Soghaine._ The plague which 
is calledT^camach.'^ 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 786. Colgu, son of Crunnmael, abbot 
of Lusca; Clemens, son of Corbben; Lerghus Ua 
Fidhcain, a wise man of Cill-Maighnenn ; 10 Robhartach 
son of Moenach, steward 11 of Slane, and abbot of Cill- 
Foibrigh ; 12 Muiredach, son of Cathal, abbot of Cill-dara ; 



7 Loch-Gabhor. An ancient lake, 
long dried up ; now represented by the 
townlands of Lagore Big and Lagore 
Little, in the parish and barony of 
Uatoath, co. Heath. 

8 Cenond. The site of the battle is 
not mentioned by the Four Mast. 
(A.D. 784). 

9 ' Scamach. 11 Written skawayhe in 
Mageoghegan's Translation of the 
Ann. Clonmacnoise (at A.u. 783). See 
note 3 , p. 258 supra. 

l *CiU-Maiqhnenn ; '.., the Church 



of St. Maighnenn ; now Kilmainham 
near the City of Dublin. St Maigh- 
nenn's day in the Calendar is Decem- 
ber 18. 

11 Steward. equonimup ( for 
oeconomup), MSS. 

14 Cill-Fmbrigh. Written " Kill- 
favar," in Clar. 49 ; but incorrectly. 
O' Donovan thought to identify it 
with the place now known as Kil- 
brew, in the barony of Ratoath, 
co. Meath. Four Matt, A.P. 768, 
note k. 



[786.] 



264 



CCNNOtCC UlOTOtl. 



173 



epipcopup CiUe T>apo, Snei-obpan epipcopup 
Foi. 34 5a. cille 7>apo, CCVocu ancopit;a ttao ombo, Conall mac 
'pi'D^aile p.ex nepocum TYlani, mop-sui punt:, beltum 
mcep, genup Conaitl 7 Oogam, m quo uicrop, pint; 
TYlael'DUin mac CCe'Sa atT>Tain, 7 "Oomnatl mac CCe-oa 
muinT>eip5 m pu^am ueyipup epc. beltum ^ob in 
quo nepocep bpium UICT:I punt;. Catmul mac 
7 T)ubT)ibeip55 mac Caail, muicem 
abbap Cluana ip.aip.Tyo 
p )( aDUipiT:auit; pjmuciam cpicaetlDuman. CCp nepot:um 
ft-* bp.ium htlmil a^)UT) nepoi:ep piacpac TTluippce, ubi 
Vwv omnep opt;imi cipca pegem plar^alum pibum plan- 

nabpac ceciT)efiunT:. Recht:abpa mac T)uiticombaip 
abbap 6cT>p.oma obnt;. 

b. |ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini -occ. lxxx. un. ITlopp 
TflaeleDum mic CCe-oa alTcoam pegip rrro 
TTIopp Cepnai mic Carail. Tnopp ect^aile piln 
abbanp TTluccipt;. Luna pubpa pimibcti'Dine 
m .xii. ]CalenT)ap 1TlapT:ii. TDacoac abbap 
mopruup epc. Cotuim mac "Pael^upa epipcopup 
mopi:uup epu. TDopp uain.e mic "Dungalais 
nepotum bpium CualanD. T)ubDauiac epipcopup 



1 Aldchu. -CCl-DCU, A. " Allchu," 
Clar. 49. The name is CClcro'hcu 
(Aladhchu) in the Four Mast. (782). 

2 Rath-oenbo. The " Fort (or 
Rath) of one cow." Not identified. 

3 Died. mofl 2, for moyicuu-p 
epc, A. and B. " mortui sunt," 
Clar. 49. 

4 Ui-Briuin. There were several 
septs the tribe-name of which was 
Ui-Briuin (" descendants of Brian "). 
But the site of the battle (Goli) not 
having been identified, it is impossible 
to specify the sept here referred to. 

5 ' Parochial ' Parochia ' (now- 
understood as simply meaning ' par- 
ish '), was used in old Irish records to 



signify ' diocese ;' the corresponding 
(loan) form in Irish being pcciyxce. 
But as regards its use in the above 
context, Dean Reeves observes " in 
monastic language a parochia was 
the jurisdiction of a Superior over 
the detached monasteries of the 
order." Adamnan, p. 336, note g. 

6 Ui-Briuin of Umal. The de- 
scendants of Brian, son of Eochaidh 
Muidhmedhoin (King of Ireland in 
the 4th cent.), who were seated in 
the 'Owles,' in the co. Mayo. The 
prevailing surname in later times was 
(and is) O'Malley. 

7 Where all ube omnep, A. 
ubi tiomitief, B. Clar. 49, trans- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



265 



Lomthuili, bishop of Cill-dara ; Sneidbran, bishop of 
Cill-dara ; Aldchu, 1 anchorite of Rath-oenbo,* and Conall 
son of Fidhgal, King of Ui-Maine, died. 3 A battle 
between the Cinel-Conaill and [Cinel]-Eoghain, in which 
Maelduin. son of Aedh Aldan, was victor, and Domnall, 
son of Aedh Muinderg, was put to flight. The battle 
of Goli, in which the Ui-Briuin 4 were defeated. 
Cathmugh son of Donncothaigh, and Dubhdiberg son of 
Cathal, fell by each other. Dubhdabhairenn, abbot 
of Cluain-Iraird, visited the 'parochia' 3 of the territory 
of Munster. A slaughter of the Ui-Briuin of Urnal by 
the Ui-Fiachrach-Muirsce, where all 7 the noblest were 
slain around the king, Flathgal son of Flannabhra. 
Rechtabra, son of Dubhchomair, abbot of Echdruim, 8 
died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 787. Reath of Maelduin, son ef Aedh [787.] BIS 
Aldan, King of the Fochla. 9 Death of Cernach, son of of f. 
Cathal Death of Echtgal, son of Baeth, abbot of 
Muccert. The moon was red, like blood, on the 12th of /*, 
the Kalends of March. Macoac, abbot of Saigir, 10 died. 
Colum, son of Faelgus, abbot of Lothra, 11 died. Death o 
Guaire, son of Dungalach, King of the Ui-Briuin- 
Cualand. 12 Dubhdatuath, a bishop, abbot of Rath- /j/6. 



lates "where all the chief est;" thus 
agreeing with A. 

8 Echdruim. Aughriin, in the 
county of Galway. 

9 Fochla. This was a term for 
the northern part of Ireland, or pro- 
vince of Ulster. 

10 Saigir ; or Saigir-Chiarain. 
Seirkieran, in the barony of Ballybrit, 
King's County. 

11 Lothra, Now Lorrha, in the par - 
ish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

14 Vi-Briuin-Cualand.In. his ed. 
of part of these Annals, O'Conor 
(note (*) ad. an.) states that "the 



O'Byrne's of the co. of Wicklow 
were meant But he was wrong. 
Ui-Briuin-Cualand was the tribe-name 
of a powerful sept descended from 
Brian Lethderg (descended in the 
fourth generation from Cathair Mor, 
King of Leinster), whose territory 
comprised the greater part of the 
present barony of Rathdown, co. 
Dublin, and a portion of the northern 
part of the co. Wicklow. The 
churches of Killiney, co. Dublin, and 
Delgany in the co. Wicklow, were 
included in this territory. See Shear- 
man's Loca I'titticiumij p. 156. 



266 



Fol. 35a. 



abbap pao CCiT>o, paupac. Lex dafiami pop, Connachira. 
Combupcio "Daipe calsaiT>. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim 7)cc. lxxx. 11111. TYlopp 
YYlupsaile abbacip cluana mace U Noip. pacnae mac 
CCei>o jioen, pex tlLa-o, mopcuup epc. "Peiiac mac 
Cop.maic, abbap Lti^maiTi 7 Slane 7 *Doimlidcc, 7 
toi|;eT>ac pex Conailb, mopcui f unr;. ^oiim^al mac 
Ola-bai^, pex Cnof>bai, m clefiicacu obnu. "Peppugaill 
epifcoptif cluano "Dotcam [obnc]. Combnfcio Cluana 
ifiaip/OT> m nocce papca. 1<lix ma^na .111. ]CateiToap 
TTlan. Concencioi n-ajvo TTIacae, in qua lusutac 
tup 111 hofcio ofiacopii LapiDei. Oelltim nicep, 
muicem, m quo ceci-oir; Tomalcac mac Cacail ; CCUIT> 
puic. Occifio cluano pefuxte TYla^am la 
mac TTlusiiom, m qua cecitdc OCepmac "Carnal- 
a.i, 7 ofiacopium combupuum. bellum 1 nceiT^Tccof 
ubi Conall mac TXHTIS uiccup epc 7 euapc, 7 Conp- 
cancm inccon. -pine. bellum Clovpigi nice]i 
7 Conaill, m quo ^entip Conaill 



1 Rath-Aedha. Now Rahugh (or 
Rath-Hugh), barony of Moycashel, 
cb. Westmeath. 

2 The ' Law ' ofdaran, See above 
under the year 743; and Reeves' 
Colton's Viiitation, Introd., p. iv. 
Mageoghegan, in his translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoite (at A.D. 
785), says " The rules of St. Keyran 
were preached in Connaught." 

3 Daire-Calgaidh. Derry, or Lon- 
donderry. 

4 Cnodhba This name is now 

represented by Knowth, near Slane, 
co. Meath. 

6 Cluain-Dolcain. Clondalkin, near 
Dublin. 

6 Easter night. 1n nocce 
A. "At Easter eve," Clar. 49. 



''Oratory. In Clar. 49 this entry 
is translated " A contention in Ard- 
macha, wherein a man was killed 
with a stone in the oratorie doore." 

8 Son of Ca'.hal. --In the Ann. 
Four Mast, (at 787=792), Tomal- 
tach is stated to have been the "son 
of Innreachtach," which is supported 
by the entry in the List of the Kings of 
Ulad in the Book of Leinster, (p. 41, 
col. 3), where the length of Tomal- 
tach's reign is given as 10 years. 
This notice seems out of place, if the 
entry in the Book of Leinsttr is 
correct, which represents Tomaltach 
as reigning 10 years after Fiachna 
son of Aedh Roan, whose obit is the 
second entry above given, under this 
vear. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



.267 



Aedha, 1 rests. The 'Law' of Ciaran 8 over the Con- 
naughtmen. Burning of Daire-Calgaidh. 3 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 788. Death of Murgal, abbot of Clon- 
macnoise. Fiachna, son of Acdh Keen, King of TJlad, 
died. Fedhach, son of Cormac, abbot of Lughmadh, 
Slane, and Daimliacc, and Sloighedhach, King of Conailli, 
died. Gormgal, son of Eladhach, King of Cnodhba, 4 
died in religion. Ferfughaill, bishop of Cluain-Dolcain, 5 
[died]. Burning of Cluain-Iraird, on Easter night. 6 Great 
snow on the 3rd of the Kalends of May. A quarrel in 
Ard-Macha, in which a man was killed in the doorway 
of the stone oratory. 7 A battle among the Ulidians 
themselves, in which Tomaltach son of Cathal 8 was 
slain. Echaidh 9 was victor. The destruction 10 of Cluain- 
ferta-Mongain, 11 by Oengus, 12 son of Mugron, in which 
Aedh, son of Tomaltach, was slain ; and the oratory was 
burned. A battle among the Picts, where Conall son of 
Tadhg was vanquished, and escaped, 18 and Constantino 
was victor. The battle o Cloitech 11 between the 
Cinel-Eoghain and [Cinel]-Conaill, in which the Cinel- 



[788.] 



Echaidh. The son of the Fiachna 
referred to in the last note. Accor- 
ding to the Book of Leinster list, he 
succeeded Tomaltach, and reigned 10 
years. His obit is given at the year 
809 infra. 

10 Destruction. Occippo, A. 
Translated " burning," Clar. 49. 

1 ' Cluain-ferta-Mougain. Probably 
an error for Cluain-ferta-Mughaine, 
now Kilclonfert, in the barony of 
Lower Philipstown, King's County, 
part of the territory of Ui-Failghe. 

12 Oengus. The name of Oengus 
son of Mugron appears in the list of 
the Kings of Ui-Failghe at this 
j>eriod, in the Book of Leintter, p. 
40, col. 3. 



13 Escaped. euapp'C, A. This 
battle is again referred to under the 
next year. 

"Cloitech. The Four Mast, (at 
A.D, 784=789) have lomccijxecc 
clan>i56 (" battle of Claidech," 
which place O'Donovan, note d, ad 
an., identifies with "Clady, a small 
village on the Tyrone side of the 
River Finn, about four miles to the 
south of Lifford." A marginal note 
in MS. B. has K. Clecig la liCCe-o 
oifinige (the " battle of Cletech by 
Aedh Oirdnidhe"). But Cletech was 
the name of a place on the Boyne, in 
Heath, whereas the battle in question 
must have been fought in the north 
of Ireland. 



268 



r 



ulcroti. 



, 7 *T)omnall euapn;. Cornbupcio 1 nn ye cam "Dego. 

abbap CCcai-o boo moyvcuup eye. bellum mcefi 
Lasenenipep T)efTCabaifi, m quo ceciTnc Oengup mac 
TYluficha-oa. bellum nicep, Connachca, n> epc "Dfioma 

quo 



mac Carail inccup euapic. 
.n. CCilelloTrTcCcaT) ablae. Sapviiga'o 
baclu 1pu 7 mmn paqunc, la T)onncha'D mac 
Ti-*0omnaill, oc p.ai ai|icip, ap, oenac. 

]ct. 1anaip.. CCnno oonnni "Dec. Ixcca-. 1 
"Moe abbacip Cinnsapa-b. Copmac mac 
"Dungal mac Loegaipe abbap T)uin lecglaipi, TTIael- 
combaip. abbap ^linne T)a loca, TDaelruile mac 
Oengupa, Sia-oail abbap T)uiblinne] CnTae? mac A/A 
CCrimcha'oa p.i .Tl. Liacan, 'Comalcac mac Irmpvechuaig 

bellum CCro 



-oal n-CCpaiTe, mojicui -punu omnep. 

|ie n-Oaib CCilello -po^i Ltngmu, m quo ceciT>ic 
mac plai^tifa, mice na cpi plomnre. 
Combufi:io CcT>poma mac n-CCefio. Comouauio 
quiafium Comigin 7 TTIochuae mic 11 Luge-oon. 



1 Domnall. The Domnall, son of 
Aedh Muinderg, King of the North of 
Ireland, referred to above at the year 
786. 

2 Inis-cain-Deya. Inishkeen, in 
the county of Louth. 

3 Fergil The Four Mast. (A.D. 
784) style him an geomecep, ( " the 
geometer "). Regarding this remark- 
able man, see Ware's Writers of 
Ireland (Harris's ed.), p. 49, and 
O'Conor's Rerum Hibern. Script., 
torn, iv., p. 173. The so-called 
' translator' of these Annals in Clar. 
49 writes the name " Ferall," thus 
indicating his ignorance of the iden- 
tity of " Fergil the geometer " with 
the " Virgilius Solivagus " of his- 
tory. 



4 Cathal. Son of Muiredach of 
Magh-Ai (King of Connaujrht), whose 
obit is entered above at the year 701. 

5 Luiffhni. Otherwise called 
" Luighni-Connacht ; " a sept that 
gave name to the district now repre- 
sented by the barony of Leyny, co. 
Sligo ; known in later times as the 
country of O'Hara. 

6 Ui-Ailella. A tribe descended 
from Cian, son of Oilill Oluim, King 
of Munster in the second century. The 
territory occupied by this tribe is 
now represented by the barony of 
Tirerril, co. Sligo. 

7 Achadh-abla The " Field of the 
apple-tree.'' According to the Life of 
St. Finnian of Clonard, contained in 
the Book of Lismore (fol, 26, page 1, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



269 



Conaill was overthrown, and Domnall 1 escaped. Burn- 
ing of Inis-cin-Dega. 2 Fergil, 3 abbot of Achadh-bo, 
died. A battle between the South Leinstermen, in which 
Oengus, son of Murchad, was slain. A battle between 
the Connaughtmen, i.e., [the battle] of Druim-Goise, from 
which Fogartach son of Cathal 4 escaped, vanquished. 
A slaughter of the Luighni, 5 by the Ui-Ailella, 6 in 
Achadh-abla. 7 Dishonouring of the Bachall-Isu 8 and the 
relics of Patrick, by Donnchad, 9 son of Domnall, at Kath- 
airthir, 10 at a fair. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 789. Death of Noe, abbot of Cenn- 
garadh. 11 Corraac, son of Fergal ; Dungal, son of Loegaire, 
abbot of Dun-lethglaise ; Maelcombair, abbot of Glenn- 
da-locha ; Maeltuile, son of Oengus ; Siadail, abbot of 
Dubhlinn ; 12 Cinaeth, son of Anmchad, King of Ui- 
Liathain, and Tomaltach, son of Innrechtach, King of 
Dalaraide all died. The battle of Ath-rois [gained] 
by the Ui-Ailella 7 over the Luighni, 8 in which fell 
Dubhdatuath, son of Flaithgus, chief of the Three 
Tribes. 13 Burning of Echdruirn-mac-nAedha. 14 'Translation 
of the relics of Coemgin and of MochuaMac-TJ-Lugedon. 15 



col. b.), there was a place called 
" Achadh-abhall " in Corann [now 
the barony of Corran], co. Sligo. 

8 Bachall-Isu. " Baculus lesu," 
the name of St Patrick's crozier. 
For some account of this remarkable 
relic, see Annals of Loch Ce, at A.D. 
1538, and Todd's Obits, tfc., of Christ 
Church, Introd., p. viii., tq. 

Donnchad. King of Ireland at 
the time. 

"Rath-airthir. The "Eastern Rath 
(or Fort)." Now Oristown [in the 
barony of Morgallion, co. Heath], 
according to O'Donovan, Four Mas- 
ters, A.D. 784, note f. 

11 Cenngaradh. Kingarth, in Bute. 

12 Dubhlinn Dublin. The name 

signifies " black-pool" 



13 Three Tribet. nacjvi f loin nee; 
lit. the " three denominations." Pro- 
bably a variation of the term " Teora 
Connacht " (" Tripartite Connaught," 
or <; Three Connaughts "), applied to 
the three aboriginal septs of Con- 
naught, called the " Gamanraide of 
Irras [Erris]," the " Fir-craibhi," 
and the " Tuatha-Taidhen/ See 
O'Flaherty's Ogygla, p. 175. Clar. 
49 renders na cp,i plomnce by 
" The Three Surnames." 

14 Echdruim-mac-nAedha. Augh- 
rim, in the par. of the same name, bar. 
and co. of Roscommon. 

14 Mac-U-Lugedon. "Son of the 
descendant of Lugedo." The names 
of other members of this family are 
mentioned at the years 780 and 800. 



[789.] 



270 



ulcroti. 



Fol. 35 ( 

* 



tlla-D la T>al n-CCpaiT>e. bellum Conailt 7 
Cuptancm hie pcpiptum epc in alnp bbpip. 

|Cl. 1an. CCnno T>omini T>CC. xc. Cepnach mac 
TYIuipe7>ai5, Ppeccmapc eppcop tupcan, Cui)inaipc 
mac Conapaic abbap ap-o TYIacae, TDonngal mac 
bocallo pex na n-CCipcep, CCptgal mac Carail pex 
Conn act; in hi, Soepbepg^ abbap cluana mace U 
1loip, Camcompacc eppcop "Pmnglaippi, Sipne abbap 
Oenncaip, Tninpe-Dac mac Oen^upa ab Lupcan, omnep 
T>epuncci punt;. liacaill mac "Cuarail mopniup epc. 
CCmalgai-D pex . Tl . mam mopnuip epc. bellum 
aipi> ablae, ubi ceciDic ^Oigpmai^ mac beicce pex 
'Cerbae, 7 pep^up mac CCilaile in crop pint:. Carcopcpa-5 
pe n-T)onncTfarra "Cailci T>U caipn mic Caipthn, pop 
CCe-5 nmgop, m quo ceciT>epunc Cacal mac OcT)ac pex 
nepouum Cpernrain, maelpocap-aic mac CCprp.ac, 7 
"Oomnall mac Golden. Thnepcac mac ITIbgaTKii^, 
ancopira, paupainr. 

]Ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim T>CC. xc. 1. TDaelpuain 
"Camlaccai, CCi-oam Rarain, CCe'oan .1). Concumbu, 
epipcopi 7 mibrep Chpipci, in pace T>opmieptmT;; 7 
Soepinus 6nai T>uib mopicup. bellum ppuire Cluana 
apgai ubi ceciTus Cmae-o mac CCprjaile, 7 ftlttinfjif 
mac 'Comalrai^ uict:op puic, 7 micium pe^m euip. 



1 Slaughter. Caetiif , A. Cetiep, 
B. 

2 Conall and Constantine. Conall 
son of Tadhg, and Constantine son of 
Fergus, Kings of the Picts of Fort- 
renn. The " Jugulatio " of Conall 
is recorded under the year 807, and 
the death of Constantine (or " Cus- 
tantin,'' as the name is generally 
written in Irish texts) under 820 infra. 

3 In other books m atip libyup, 
A. pecuri'Dum atiop libifiop, B. 

4 Conasach. Called " Concas, de- 
scendant of Cathbath son of Echaid," 
in the list of the " Comarbs '' (or 



successors) of Patrick, in the 
of Leinster, p. 42, col. 3. 

8 Artt/al. The assumption of the 
pilgrim's staff by Artgal is recorded 
above at the year 781, as well as his 
pilgrimage to the island of la, or 
Hi-Coluim-Cille. 

6 Ard-abla The " height (or hill) 
of the apple tree." O'Donovan 
identifies this place with " Lis-ard- 
abhla," now Lissardowlin, in the 
parish of Templemichael, co. Long- 
ford. Four Mast., A.D. 786, note q. 

7 By Donnchad. fie nT)onnch<XT>. 
The so called 'translator' of these 



OF ULSTER. 



271 



A great slaughter 1 of the Ulidians by the Dalaraide. 
The battle of Conall 2 and Constantino 8 is written in this 
place in other 3 books. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 790. Cemach, son of Muiredach ; [790.] 
Freccmarc, bishop of Lusca ; Cudinaisc, son of Conasach,* 
abbot of Ard-Macha ; Donnghal, son of Bochall, King of 
the Airthera ; Artgal, 5 son of Cathal, King of Con- 
naught, in la ; Saerberg, abbot of Clonmacnoise ; Caen- 
comracc, bishop of Finnglais ; Sirne, abbot of Benn- 
chair, and Muiredhach son of Oengus, abbot of Lusca 
all died. Bachaill, son of Tuathal, died. Amalgaidh, 
King of Ui-Maine, died. The battle of Ard-abla, 6 where 
Diarmait son of Becc, King of Tethba, was slain, and 
Fergus son of Ailgal was victor. A destructive battle 
[gained] by Donnchad, 7 from Tailtiu to Carn-mic- 
Cairthin, 8 over Aedh linger, in which were slain Cathal 
son of Echaid, King of Ui-Cremthain, ond Maelfothart- 
aigh son of Artri, and Domnall son of Colgu. Dinertach 
son of Mogadach, an anchorite, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 791. Maelruain of Tamlacht, 9 Aedhan [791.] MS. 
of Rathin, Aedhan Ua Concumba, bishops, and solders 
of Christ, slept in peace ; and Saermhugh of Enach- 
dubh 10 died. The battle of Sruth-Cluana-argai, 11 where 
Cinaedh, son of Artgal, 12 was slain, and Muirghis son of 
Tomaltach was victor; and the beginning of his [Muir- 



ZCf-VH. 



Annals in Clar. 49, mistaking the 
preposition jxe-n for a proper name, 
calls this battle " the battle of Ren." 

8 Cam - mic - Cairthin ; i.e., the 
" Cairn (or monumental heap) of 
Cairthin's son." This entry was 
greatly misunderstood by O'Conor, 
who took Cam for a man's name ! 

Tamlacht Tallaght, co. Dublin. 

10 Enagh-dubh ; i.e., the "Black 
Marsh." Now Annaduff, in the 
parish of the same name, co. Leitrim. 



11 Srutk-Cluana-aryai. The "river 
of Cluain-argai " (or " Cluain-arg- 
gaid," the nomin. form of the namo 
as given by the Four Masters, A.I>. 
787). The name Cluaiu-arggaid is 
now probably represented by that of 
Cloonarg'ul, in the parish of Tibohiue, 
count}" of Roscommon. 

12 Artgal. The Artgal whose ob't 
is given at the year 790. See note s , 
p. 270. 



272 



ccMNcclcc ultroti. 



bellum CCifiT) mcnccfiirne, ubi nepocef CCilelto 
cpcrci f unr, 7 Concobaji 7 CCijiechtac nepocef Carail 
ceci-oefumt;, 7 Catmus mac UnbefK;ai, fiex 
7 Cofimac mac T)tnt5T>acfiic, ju bfieipni, 



mac 
CCe-oo plu 
Riacai, 
moyie, 
let. 



\isx vail CCfiai'oe, TTIaelbyiefail mac 
, T)onncop.ci pex -oat 
Co|ica|i 



, 'Cejioc 



CCnno -oomim 'occ. occ. n. T)ubT>a- 
mac Sinaic abbaf aifi-o TTlacae, C|iunnmait 
"Djioma m afclann abbaf Cluana ifiaifi-DT), Coippfii mac 

ai^en -oef^abaip, T)oimT:ec 
moep, dnae-o mac Cumtifcai^ 
mac Txxicbc abbaf "Dyioma 
Lex Com am la CCil'oobuf 7 TTIinjiliUf, pop. 
Connacu. tex CCitt5i foja TDumam, 7 
mic~" Cacail m fe^num ITlumen. 

l^Jpjim|at mac n-*OinT>anat& 7 eccuyi 7 
TTlacae, 7 511111 7>uine aim la htl Cjiemrain. 
TJoiiToelais iceiium 1 n-CC^DT) TTlacae. Como- 
cano fieliquiajium 



1 Reign. i.e. as Kingcf Connaught. 
The death of Muirghis is recorded at 
the year 814 infra. 

2 Cathal Probably Cathal, father 
of the Artgal mentioned at the j'ears 
781 and 790. 

3 Ui-Fiachrach. O'Donovan states 
(Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 787, note u) 
that the sept of Ui-Fiachrach of 
Ardsratha (Ardstra-w, co. Tyrone), is 
here meant. See Reeves' Colton's 
Visitation, p. 9, note q. 

*Corcach-mor Cork, in Munster. 

8 Dubhdaleithi. In the list of the 
successors of Patrick in the Book of 
Leinster, p. 42, col. 3, Dubhdaleithi 
i's stated to have ruled during 18 
years. Ware gives him only 1 5 years. 



6 Druim-Inasclainn. Dromiskin, 
bar. and co. of Louth. 

7 Ladhgnen.-- r The words fii taiT>5- 
neirii " King of Ladhgnen," are 
added in A. and B., through an 
oversight. 

8 South-Leinster. Coirpri son of 
" Ladcnen " is included in the list of 
Kings of Ui-Cennselaigh, in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 40, col. 1), where the 
length of his reign is given as 14 years. 

9 Treoit-mor. " Great Trevet/' 
Now Trevet, in the barony of Skreen, 
co. Meath. 

10 The ' Law'ofComan See above, 

under the year 779, for a record of 
the third imposition of this ' Law, 
'lex,' or tribute. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



273 



ghis'a] reign. 1 The battle of Ard-mic-Rime, where the 
Ui-Ailella were overthrown, and Conchobar and Airech- 
tach, grandsons of Cathal, 2 were slain; and Cathmugh 
son of Flaithbertach, King of Coirpri, and Cormac son 
of Dubhdacrich, King of Breifni, were slain. Bresal, son 
of Flathri, King of Dalaraide ; Maelbresail, son of Aedh, 
son of Crichan, King of Ui-Fiachrach ; 8 Donncorci, King 
of Dalriada; Cathmugh, King of Calraighe, and Ternoc, 
superior of Corcach-Mor, 4 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 792. Dubhdaleithi, 8 son of Sinach, 
abbot of Ard-Macha ; Crunnuiael of Druim-Inasclainn, 
abbot of Cluain-Iraird ; Coirpri son of Ladhgnen, 7 King 
of South Leinster; 8 Doimtech, superior of Treoit-mor ;' 
Cinaedh son of Cumuscach, abbot of Dermagh, [and] 
Flaithgel, son of Taichlech, abbot of Druirn-ratha, died. 
The 'Law' of Coman, 10 by Aildobur 11 and Muirghis, over 
the three divisions 12 of Connaught. The 'Law' of 
Ailbhe over Munster ; and the ordaining of Artri, son of 
Cathal, to the kingship of Munster. The profanation of 
Faendelach, by Gormghal 18 son of Dinnanach ; and the 
preying and spoiling of Ard-Macha, and the killing of a 
man there, by the Ui-Cremthainn. Reception of Faen- 
delach again in Ard-Macha. 'Translation' of the relics 
of Tole." 






JU JL 



11 Aildobur. He was abbot of 
Ros-Comain (Roscommon). His obit 
is entered at the year 799. 

"Three Divisions, See note " 
under the year 789 tupra. 

11 Gomighal. In the Book of 
Leinster, p. 42, col. 4, Gormhgal is 
mentioned as one of the three Air- 
chinnechs (or " Herenachs ") who 
took the office of abbot by force, and 
who are not commemorated in the 
Mass. See Todd'a St. Patrick, p. 181. 
The name of Gormghal is not included 



in Ware's list of the Bishops of 
Armagh. But under the year 798, 
infra, he is stated to have imposed 
the ' Law ' of Patrick over Con- 
naught ; and in the entry of his obit 
at the year 805, he is described as 
abbot of Armagh and Clones. 

14 Tole. See note 8 under A.D. 737 
supra. In the MS. Clar. 49, the 
words " Ep. Clunard " are added in 
the handwriting of Archbishop 
Ussher. 



274 



CCNNCClCC tllCCDll. 



Foi 35 ba. jet. lanaifi- . GCnno -oomini T>CC. xc. 111. CCifieccac 
.h. paelain abbap ain/o TTlacae, 7 CCppiat; epipcopup 
aifi-o TTlacae, in pace T>ofimiep,unt; m una nocce- 
Tx)map abbap benncaip., 1opep nepop Cep.nae abbap 
cluana mace U Noip, obiefiunc. Cacma nepop ^uaip.e, 
abbap "Comae sfieme, 7 lepben banaificmnec cluana 
baiyienn, paupauepunt;. 1 u gu'laci o OCjWfiac -pitu 
Paelam. Commoua^io laeliquia^um Cfieno. Slo5aT> 
ta "DonnchaD OLD auxibum Lasmen^ium conqfia 
TTIumenenfef. Uafcacio omnium mvotarium bnican- 
mae a sennlibuf. In-orier; Tnusoofinne ma|en la 
CCef mac "Meill. 

let- lanai^i- CCnno -Qomini T>CC. xc. 1111- bfiann 
ariT>T)cenn fiex La^enencium occifUf efc, 7 fiegina 
6ine mpn "Oomnaill TTIme. pnfnechi;a 
, mac Ceallaig, occimr; eo-p hi Cill cule 
Dumai 111 pexca nocce pope jcalenttap TTlan, IT) epc 
.1111. pep.ia. Occipio Cuinn mic "Donncba'oa hi cn.ic 
Oa n-Olcan la plann mac Congalail. LopcaT Rec- 
yiamne o gemnciB, 7 8ci T>opcn.aT> 7 T>O lomfia'5. 



as O'Donovan renders it, F. M. 789). 
But the office of airchinnech, as 
O'Don. himself has explained (Suppl. 
to O'Rrilly in voce) was an office 
filled by one of the male sex, whereas 
banairchinnech is Latinized "antesti- 
ta " (for "antistita ") in the St.Gall MS. 
(p. 66 ). Clar. 49 has " Lerben, the 
abbates of Cluan Bairenn." Besides, 
Cluain-Bairenn (now Cloonburren, in 
the barony of Moycarn, co. Roscom- 
mon) was undoubtedly a nunnery at 
this time. O'Conor, of course, also 
misunderstood the entry. 

3 By Gentiles. a 5 eric1 b u P> B. 
The Annals of Clonmacnoise, at A.D. 
791, say "by the Danes." 

4 Mughdorna-Maghen Now re- 
presented by the barony of Cremorne, 
in the county of Monaghan. 



1 Ua Faelain ; i.e. descendant (or 
grandson) of Faelan. A later hand 
writes abcrp pteaT)ai5 (" alias 
Ua Fleadhaigh "), as in B. Clar. 49 
has O Fleai. But the orig. text in 
A. agrees with the Book of Leinster 
(p. 42, col. 3), in which Airectach 
Ua Faelain is stated to have been of 
the Ui-Bresail (a sept which furnished 
many bishops to the See of Ar- 
magh), and his rule is limited to one 
year. The name of Airectach is not 
in Ware's list of the prelates of A nnagh. 

2 A bbess. ban m fid n n ec. The 
Four Masters seem to have misunder- 
stood this entry, if they copied it 
from the original of these Annals, 
as out of Leyiben bcmaificmnec 
they make teayib'cmb'cm aiYvcin'o- 
each (" Learbanbhan, airchiimeach," 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



275 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 793. Airectach Ua Faelain, 1 abbot 
of Ard-Macha, and Affiath, bishop of Ard-Macha, slept 
in peace on the same night. Thomas, abbot of Benn- 
chair, [and] Joseph Ua Cerna, abbot of Clomnaenoise, 
died. Cathuia Ua Guaire, abbot of Tuaim-greine, and 
Lerben, abbess 8 of Cluain-Bairenn, rested. The killing 
of Artri, son of Faelan. ' Translation ' of the relics of 
Trian. A hosting by Donnchad, in aid of the 
Leinsterrnen against the Munsterinen. Devastation 
of all the islands of Britain by forces. 8 Devastation 
of Mughdorua-Maghen* by Aedh, 8 son of Niall. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 794. Brann Ardcenn, 8 King of the 
Leinstermen was slain, andEIs queen/ Eithne, daughter 
of Domnall of Meath. Finsnechta ' Cethar-derc,' 7 son 
of Cellach, slew them in Cill-chuile-duma, 8 on the sixth 
night after the Kalends of May, i.e., the fourth day of the 
week. The killing of Conn, son of Donnchad, in Crich- 
Ua-n Olcan, 9 by Flann son of Congalach. The burning 
of Rechra by Gentiles, and Sci 10 was pillaged and wasted. 



[793.] 



5 Aedh.- Aedh Oirdnidhe, whose 
accession to the sovereignty of Ire- 
land is noticed under the year 790 
infra. He was the son of Niall 
Frosach, King of Ireland, whose obit 
is recorded under the year 777 supra. 

6 Brann Ardcenn. " Bran of the 
high head (or forehead "). The 
Bran, son of Muiredach, mentioned 
above under the year 78 1 . See note ". 

7 Cethar-derc " Of the four eyes." 
See next note. 

8 Cill-chuik-duma. The " Church 
of Cuil-duma." O'Donovan rashly 
suggests (FourMait.yA.it. 790, note!), 
that this was probably the place now 
called Kilcool, in the bar. of New- 
castle, co. Wicklow. But in the 
Book of Leinster list of the Kings of 
Leinster (p. 39, col. 2), Bran Ardcend, 
son of Muredath, and his wife, are 
stated to have been "burned" in 



Cill-cule-dumai, in Laiyhis-chuile, 
which was a district in the present 
Queen's County. 

" Crich- Ua-n Olcan. The " terri- 
tory of the Ui -Olcan." O'Uonovan 
states (Ann. F. J/., A.D. 790, note m), 
that this was the name of " a small 
district in Meath." But he does not 
give any authority for the statement. 
10 Sci The Isle of Skye, in Scot- 
land. The text of this clause in A. 
and B. has fcjxi (with a " punctum 
delens " under the letter jx) to|x;jia > D 
[evidently for -DO copctxccT)] 7-00 Loni 
p-cro, "Sci (Skye) was pillaged and 
wasted." For fci (Skye) the Four 
Masters (at A.D. 790), have a 
8cqxme ("its [Rechra's] shrines "), 
which seems an error. The compiler 
of these Annals evidently meant to say 
that Skye was pillaged and wasted. 

T 2 




276 



CCNNOtCC UtCCDll. 



Fol. 35 bb. 



Tirf 



]Ct. 



Poin-oelacn (mac TTleanaig) abbap aip-o-o TYlacae 
pubica mop.ce pep.uc. Tflupcaf> mac pepxroais, 
paici mac pencaip. o cloni -pefvca bfienamti, 
jl. "dpiiai^i ab Cluana poca, obieyiunc. 

CCnno T>ormni T>CC. xc. u. 
7 Col^su nepo^ *Otmi6CT>o, OLcol5ufi mac 
plain n pi In Cijic, \IQX TTlumari, yicynbae 7 epipcopi 7 
ancopicae, T>o[imie|iunT;. Oppa \iex bonup CCnglofium 
moyicuup e| % c. Gquornmup aijiDT) TTlacae, Ocu mac 
Cepaiais, mopcuup epc mmacupca mop.ce. Sencan abbap 
CilLe acaiT> T>pcoma poca 7 bipop,, 7 ui15ne abbap CCta 
7 TDoenac mac Oengupa pecnap lupcan, omnep 
Wac Pepv5g[u]pa pi .h. mbpiuin, THnnecai-b 
T)aipe T>UX Ciap.paiT>e, mopcui punc. Cab CCca 
ubi rnuipcgip euapnc. Cloccu eprpcopup 7 anco- 
Cluana ipaipT) m pace quieuic. 
jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CC. xc. ui. TTlopp 
T)onnchaTa (mic "Domnaill) jiegip "Cemp.0 7 Innpech- 
cais mic "Oomnaill pyiacpip eiup. 

chup t>oTnain cialla cam, 
U. mile bticroaii bop,n-paT)ai5, 

1 pop ip pec peip,ig pin, 

Co clop ec -Deis mic "Oomncnll. 

Cumupcac mac pogapcaig, pex t>eipcei|ic 6^05, in 
clepicacu ; Hocechcac Cpoibe, 7 rnuipe'oac mac plain n ,/ 7i 
gapa-D, p^ex gencip mic Gpcae, 7 Cpunmael mac 
pip,*Dacyiic, 7 Cupoi mac Qengupa pex genepip loigaifie, /f 7 



boa 
pen, 



1 Maenach. The form of the name 
(in the genit.) in A. and Be is 
TYleanaig, (nomin. ITleanach). But 
in the Book of Leinster list (p. 42, 
col. 3), it is TTloencng, in the genit. 
form ; nomin. THoenach. 

2 Dubhlittir. See above at the year 
779. 

3 Of Munster. YTlurhen, A. ; 
TKluvhavi, B. 



4 Offa. KLing of the Mercians. His 
death ia recorded in the Anglo- 
Saxon Chronicle at the year 7U4, 
and again at 796, which latter is the 
correct date. 

5 Cill-achaidh of tiruim-fota 
Killeigh, in tne" barony of Geashill, 
King's county. 

6 Ath-truim. Trim, co. Meath. 

T Ciarraidhe. The Four Matters 



ANWALS OF ULSTER. 



277 



Foendelach (son of Maenach 1 ), abbot of Ard-Macha, died 
suddenly. Murchadh, son of Feradhach ; Tipraiti, son 
of Ferchar, from Oluain-ferta-Brenainn, and Guaire Ua 
Tipraiti, abbot of Cluain-fota, died. 

Kal. Jan, A.D. 795. Dubhlittir* of Finn-glais, and [795.] 
Colgu Ua Duinechda, Olcobhuv, son of Flann, son of 
Ere, King of Munster, 8 pZh^J scribes, and bishops, and 
anchorites, 'fell asleep.' Offa, 4 a good king of the English, 
died. Echu, son of Cernach, steward of Ard-Macha, died 
an untimely death. Senchan, abbot of Cill-achaidh of 
Druim-fota, 5 and of Biror, and Suibhne, abbot of Ath- 
truim, 9 and Moenach, son of Oengus, vice-abbot of Lusca 
all died. Mac Fergg[u]sa, King of Ui-Briuin, [and] 
Duinechaidh (Ja Daire, chief of Ciarraidhe, 7 died. The 
battle of Ath-fen, 8 where Muirgisgot off. Clothcu, bishop 
and anchorite of Cluain-Iraird, rested in peace. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 796. Death of Donnchad (son of [796.] 
Domnall), King of Tara, and of Innrechtach, son of 
Dornnall, his brother. 

From the world's beginning, meanings fair, 

Five thousand momentous years, 

Here in happy way it was, 

'Till the death of Domnall's good son was heard. 

Cumuscach, son of Fogartach, King of the South of 
Bregh, in religion; Rothechtach of Croebh, and Muire- 
dach, son of Flann Qaradh, King of Cinel-Mic-Erca, 
and Crunmael son of Ferdacrich, and Curoi son of 



(at A.D. 791) write this name "Ciar- 
raighe-Af," the ancient name of a 
district near Casllereagh, in the county 
of Roscommon, subsequently known 
aaClann-Keherny. 

* Ath-fen, Probably the " Ath- 
f ene " in Ciarraigi- Ai (see last note)' 



mentioned in Lebor na hUidre, p. 
21ft. 

From. The original of theae 
lines (which is not in IS.) is in the 
top margin of fol. 35 b in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
it should be included in the text. 



278 



CCMMOClOC lllCCDtl. 



7 CCilme-oaifi equommuf cltiana mic "Moif, omne'p 
mofirin flint:, bellum Ttyoma 7115, m quo cecn>efitmt; 
T>UO pin "Oomncnll, IT> efc, pinfnechra 7 "Oiafimaic 
homip pfiareri eiuf, 7 pinfnechta mac pollamain, 7 
alu mulci qui non numeiian puns. CCe-o mac KleiU 
pin Pep^aite tncroji puir. . 

Cia 'ooftocaift CCet) la "Oomnalt, icopcafi cicafi; 
Pfti OCet) pun pp, i cat "Ofiotnaifiig fio hicau 

Comoal plia TTltificoT)a, abacipfa ci|e ffiuic 
7>afio, T)0|imHiiT:. Uafca^io TTliT)i la CCe-b mac 
ppafaij, 7 mmum Tie^m eiuf. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T)cc. xc. un. 
nepof "Oicolla, abaf Cille -oa^o, mopcuuf efc. 

infe pacyiaicc o sennciB, 7 bojiime na cyiic T>O 
7 pcfim "Ooconna "DO bfiifea-o T>oait5, 7 vnnyie-Da 
mafia -ooaib cene, eicifi Gfimn 7 CClbam. 
Imleco pi a, 7 ConT>mac mac TTluitime'DO nepof 
OiT>ni, fcpiba Cluana mic Moif, 



Cille 



Com- 



1 Ailmedhair. O'Conor misprints 
this name " Ailine-Daire [Derrensis]," 
taking Ailine (rectd Ailme) as the 
full name, and daire (recte dhair") as 
representing Derrensis (" Derry"). 
Clar. 49 gives the name, as it would 
be pronounced, "Ailmear." 

' Druim-righ. " Dorsum regis,' or 
the " King's ridge. O'Donovan 
(Ann. Four M., A.D. 793, note w) 
identifies this place with Drumree, in 
the barony of Ratoath, co. Meath. 

1 Odur. Translated " yellowe," in 
Clar. 49. 

4 That are not numbered. So in 
Clar. 49. The original of this clause 
is not in B., which goes to prove that 
the so-called translator of Clar. 49 did 
not follow the text of MS. B. 

5 --lM; ',., Aedh Oirdnidhe, son 



of Niall Frasach, King of Ire- 
land. 

6 Aedh: i.e., Aedh Allan (or Aedh 
Aldan), as a gloss over the name 
indicates. He was King of Ireland, 
and was slain (see above under the 
year 742) by Domnall, son of Mur- 
chad, who succeeded him in the 
sovereignty. 

* Domnall. A gloss over the name 
in A. has TnctcTYluficria'oa ("son of 
Murchad"). See last note. These 
lines (which are not in B.) are written 
in the lower margia of fol. 35 b in 
A., with a mark of reference to the 
place where they should be inserted 
in the text. 

9 Tech-sruithe The 'translator' in 

Clar. 49 renders this term by "house 
of the wise." But over the word 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



279 



Oongiis, King of Cinel-Loeghairo, and Ailrnedhair, 1 
steward of Clonmacnoise all died. The battle of Druim- 
righ, 8 in which were slain two sons of Domnall, viz. : 
Finsnechta, and Diarraait Odur, 8 his brother, and Fins- 
nechta, son of Follaman, and many more that are not 
numbered. 4 Aedh," son of Niall, son of Fergal, was 
victor. 

Though Aedh' was slain by Dotnnall, 7 a fierce triumph; 
By the true, fair Aedh,' in the battle of Druim-righ," it was 
avenged. 

Condal, daughter of Murchadh, abbess of the Tech- 
sruithe 8 in Cill-dara, slept. The wasting of Midhe by 
Aedh, 5 son of Niall Frasach, 9 and the commencement of 
his reign. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 797. Eudus Ua Dicholla, abbot of 
Cill-dara, died. Burning of Inis-Patraicc 10 by Gentiles ; 
and they ^a.rriprl off tho preys-of the districts ; and the 
shrine of Dochonna was broken by them; and other 
great devastations" [were committed] by them both in 
Ireland and Alba. Forinnan of Imlech-Fia," and 
Condmach, son of Muirmidh," descendant of Guaire 
Aidhne, 14 scribe of Clonmacnoise, died. 



[797. 



" wise/' an old hand, probably 
Ussher's, has written " q. flre " ? 
Ttch-truitke means " house of se- 
niors." 

' Frcuach. pyxafaig (the gen. 
form of pyxapach, "of the showers"), 
added in B. See note 8 , p. 169, 
note 2 , p. 230, and note *, p. 248, supra . 
10 Inis-Patraicc. " Patrick's Is- 
land." O'Donovan thought this was 
St. Patrick's Island, near Skerries, 
co. Dublin. Four Mast., A.i>. 793, 
note y. But Dr. Todd understood 
Peel, in the Isle of Man (which was 
anciently called Insula Patricii), to 
have ben intended. Coyadh Gaed 



hel re Gallaibk, Introd., xxxv. 
note ! . 

11 Great devastations. inm>- 
fieta mafia- Wrongly translated 
" the spoyles of the sea," in Clar. 49, 
and also .by Todd, Cog. Gaedhel, &c. 
Introd. p. xxxv. 

l * Imlech-Fia.See note *, p. 194 
supra. 

11 Of Muirmidh. TYIuip.tiie'OO, A. 
B. The Ann. Four Mast, (at A.D. 
793) have the name in the geuit. 
form bui]xbucliu ; the uomin. of 
which would be bufibocha. 

14 Guaire Aidhne. OtT>ni, in A.- 
and B. See note *, p. 118 



280 



ccriNcclcc wlcroti. 



]ct. 1anaifi. 
*Dinn_ samba 
mac THimn, 7 
TY1uin|;if mac 



CCnno Domini "occ. xc. tim." bellum 
Connacca muicem, ubi Copcfiac 
7 aln mulci ceciT)epunt;, 7 
"Comal^ai^ in crop, f.uic. bellum 



Pmnubfiac hi "Gecbai, ubi negef muln occiffi func, 
Foi 36 na . IT) 6fc, pen^tif mac CClgcnle, Cofcajiac mac Ceief,naic, 
/*/ T 16 ^ 6 ? sen em f Coimpm . 1 . "Oubmnfiechc mac CCfx^aile fi 

7 Tllujicha'o mac Con-omai^. TYIutichaT) mac "Domnaill / 
tncrop f.uic. lugulario bUrcmTc mTc ^uaijie 
Cluana pora boerain, o Tnaelyiuanai^ 7 o 
plnf "Oonncha-oa. Mix ma^na m qua mulci hominef 
7 pecofia pef-ienunr. T)omnall mac "OonnchaDa 
a ffvacfubuf fuif lu^ulacuf efc. pefia'Dac mac 
abbaf Heqnainne, obnc. CCnaib abbaf cluana mic 
Moif, Ceicepnac abbaf $linne -oa loca, 7 Sia-oal . tl . 
Com am abbaf CiUeacavp, 7 picmnaccai 
8uibne Cille "oeil^e, 7^peij^lenJ)eifvifie uicam 
/Jnt) lamcomaf^ hi peil TTliceil, T>ia n-epfie-o m cene 
Di mmf] Lex paqfiicn pof. Connacca, la ^oprngal 
mac DinDacai^ CCititt mac frrbfiechcaig, fiex .ll. 
TTlaine Connachc, moyicuuf eft;, *0unplai plia 
plaicbefcaig mic Loi[n]5fic DOfmiuic. <v^v fy/^j, ~<&>w 
let. 1 an ai f. CCn n o T>om 1 n i TCC. xc. 1 x. CCi |im ea-oach 
abbaf benncaif., Connlae mac CCncsaile, CCil-Dobufi 
abbaf f.oif Comam, TTlimcenaca abbaf ^linne T>a loca, 




1 Dun-Ganiba. " Dun-Gaiiibhe," 
in the Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 794. 

2 Themselves inuicem, A., B. 

The corresponding word in the Ann. 
Four Mast, is pefin, " them- 
selves." 

8 Muirghis. King of Connaught 
at the time. 

4 Finnabhair. Supposed to be the 
place no\r called Fennor, in the 
parish of Rathccnnell, bar. of Moy- 
ashel and Magheradernon, co. West- 
menth. 



* Murchad. The Four Mast. (A.D. 
794) write the name "Muireadhach.'' 
The death of a " Muiredach son of 
Domnall, King of Meath," is entered 
at the year 801 infra. 

6 Cluain-fota-Baetain ; i.e., " Bae- 
tan's long meadow." Now Clonfad, 
in the barony of Farbill, co. West- 
meath. 

7 Rechra. Genit. form " Rech- 
rann," or " Rechrainne." This was 
the old Irish name of Rathlin Island, 
off the coast of Antrim, and also of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



281 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 798. The battle of Dun-Ganiba 1 [798.] 
between the Connaughtmen themselves, 2 in which 
Coscrach, son of Donn, and Gaiscedhach, and many 
others, were slain ; and Mnirghis, 8 son of Tomaltach, 
was victor. The battle of Finnabhair 4 in Tethba, where 
many kings were slain, i.e., Fergus son of Algal, 
Coscarach son of Ceithernach, [and] the Kings of Cinel- 
Coirpri, viz., Dubhinnrecht son of Artgal, and Murchad 
son of CondmacK. Murchad, son of Domnall, was 
victor. The killing of Blathmac, son of Guaire, abbot 
of Cluain-fota-Baetain, c by Maelruanaigh and Follaman, 
sons of Donnchad. Great snow, in which great numbers 
of men and cattle perished. Domnall, son of Donnchad, 
was treacherously slain by his brothers. Feradhach, 
son of Segeni, abbot of Rechra, 7 died. Anaili, abbot of 
Clonmacnoise ; Ceithernacb, abbot of Glenn-da-locha ; 
Siadhal Ua Comain, abbot of Cill-achaidh ; 8 Fiannachtach 
of Ferna ; Suibhne of Cill-delge, and Breislen of Berre, 9 
ended their lives. The ' lamchomairt M0 on the festival 
of St. Michael, of which was said the " fire from Heaven." 
The 'Law ' of Patrick 11 over Connaught, by Gormgal, 12 son 
of Dindatach. Ailill, son of Indrechtach, King of Ui- 
Maine of Connaught, died. Dunflaith, daughter of 
Flaithbertach, 13 son of Loingsech, 'fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 799. Airmedhach, abbot of Bennchair ;" [799.] 
Connla, son of Artgal ; Aildobur, 18 abbot of Ros-Comain, 



Lambay Island, off the coast of the 
co. Dublin ; and it is uncertain which 
of these islands, in each of which 
there was an ecclesiastical establish- 
ment of Columbian foundation, is 
here meant. 

8 Cifl-achaidk. Killeigh, in the 
barony of Geashill, King's county. 

' Breislen of Berre See under 
the year 778 tupra. 

10 4 Lamchomairt: See above 
under the year 771; p. 240, note '. 



11 The, Law of Patrick. See under 
the years 733, 736, 766, and 782 
supra ; and Reeves' Cation's Visita- 
tion, Introd., p. iv., tq. 

12 Gormgal. See above, under the 
year 792. 

13 Flaithbertach King of Ireland. 
His death, " in clericatu," is recorded 
under the year 764 supra. 

14 Bennchair. Bangor, co. Down. 
14 Aildobur. See under the year 

792. 



282 



CCNNCCtCC UlCCDtl. 



; 



pepiepunr;. Loingpec mac pacnae, abbap THun le- 
Slaippi, Con-omac mac "Dome abbap Copcai^e mope, 
pepiepunr. peipgil nepop "Caif*^, pcpiba Lupcan, 
oopmiuic. CCibll mac "Pep^upa, pex -oeipceipt; bpeg, 
cpaieccup epc De equo puo m cipcio pepie pin Cuibnn 
Lupcan, 7 concinuo mopcuuf efcT belli olum incep 
Loigaipe 7 gen up CCpT>T>5ail, in quo ceci-oic 
mac *0unlainse. Conall mac "Meill 7 Con- 
galac mac CCengupa uicropep epanc, caupa incep- 
pecnonip pparpip pui, 1-0 epc paelbi. Pcpicio p.eli- 
quiapum ConlaiT* hi pcpm oip "yapgair. CaccopcpaT 
icip na hCCipcepu muicem /mTTlais Lingpen, ubi 
ceci'DepuncTTlaeloccapaic abbap "Daipe eirnij;, 7 Conmal 

]Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T)ccc. popcio pebqui- 

apum Ronaen piln bepic 111 apca aupi 7 apsenn. 

Foi. 36 aft. -p e iT)lemiT) . Tl . Lusa-oon, abbap cluana "Oolcan, 

mopcuup epc. bellum mcep Ulru 7 nepocep Qc-oac 

Co^o, m quo ceciT>ic 6cu mac CCilella pex Cot5o, 7 



1 Dun-lethglaise. Downpatrick, co. 
Down. 

* Cwcach-mor; i.e., the " Great 
marsh." Cork, in Munster. 

8 On the festival of Mac Cuilinn. 
The obit of Mac Cuilinn (whose real 
name was Cuinnidh), patron of Lusk, 
co. Dublin, is recorded under the 
year 497, supra. His day in the 
Calendar is September 6. 

4 A battle beU,iolum, A., B. 

The corresponding word in the Ann. 
Four Mast., A.D. 795, is ioincop,ecc, 
a " conflict," or " encounter." 

* Bis brother, i.e., Failbhe. 
Failbhe was apparently the brother of 
Fiangalach, who was slain in this 
battle, and therefore son of Dunlaing, 
chief of Cinel-Ardgail, whose obit is 
recorded at the year 746, supra. 



a Conlaed. First bishop of Kil- 
dare. His obit is given above under 
the year 591. Regarding the shrine 
in which his relics were placed, see 
Jtessiugham's Florilegium, p. 199, 
and Petrie's Hound Towers, pp. 194- 
201. 

7 Airthera. A tribe inhabiting a 
district the name of which has been 
Latinized u Orientales," and " Regio 
Orientalium." The territory of this 
tribe is now represented by the 
baronies of Lower and Upper Orior, 
in the " east " of the county Armagh. 

8 Magh-Lingsen. The " Plain of 
Lingsen." Obviously some plain in 
the district now forming the baronies 
of Orior, in the co. of Armagh. Not 
identified. 

8 Z>o*'r Eiihniy\. O'Donovan? 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



288 



[and] Mimtcnacha, abbot of Glenn-da-locha, died. Loing- 
sech, son of Fiachna, abbot of Dun-lethglaise ; J Condmach, 
son of Donit, abbot of Corcach-mor, 5 died. Fergil Ua 
Taidhg, scribe of Lusca, slept. Ailill son of Fergus, King 
of the South of Bregh, was thrown from his horse on the 
festival of Mac Cuilinn 3 of Lusca, and died immediately. 
A battle 4 between the Cinel-Loeghaire and Cinel-Ardgail, 
in which Fiangalach, son of Dunlaing, was slain. Conall 
son of Niall, and Conghalach son of Aengus, were victors 
On account of the killing of his brother, i.e., Failbhe 3 [it 
was fought]. The placing of the relics of Conlaed in a 
shrine of gold and silver. A destructive battle among 
the Airthera 7 themselves, in Magh-Lingsen," where 
Maelochtaraigh, abbot of Daire-Eithnigh," and Conmal, 
son of Cernach, were slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 800. The placing of the relics of 
Ronan, 10 son of Berach, in a shrine of gold and silver. 
Feidlimid Ua Lugadon, 11 abbot of Cluain-Dolcain, 12 died. 
A battle between the Ulaid and the Ui-Echach-Cobho, ls 
in which fell Echu, son of Ailill, King of Cobho. And 



[800.] 



following the Martyr. Donegal at 
November 3, and a note in the Fel're 
of Oengus at the same date, which 
state that there was a " Doire (or 
Daire)- Ednech," otherwise called 
" Daire-na-fflann," in Eoghanacht- 
Caisil, identifies this place with 
the townland of Derrynavlan, in the 
parish of Graystown, barony of 
Slievnrdngh, co. Tipperary. (Four 
Matt , A.D. 795, note h.) But the 
accuracy of this identification seems 
questionable. 

10 Ronan. He was the patron of 
the church of Oruim-Inasclainn, 
now Dromiskin, in the barony and 
county of Louth. His death, from 
the plague called the ' buidfte-conaill,' 



otherwise called ' cron-conailV (see 
note.*, p. 64, supra) is entered at the 
year G64 in the Aim. Four Mast.; 
and in the Chron. Scotornm at A.D. 
661-664. 

11 Feidlimid Ua Lugadon. " Feid- 
limid, descendant of Lugadu." See 
under the years 780 and 789, for men- 
tion of other members of the family of 
Ua Lugadon, abbots of Cl uain-Dolcain 
(Cloudalkin, near Dublin). 

17 Cluain-Dolcain See last note. 

lt Ui-Echack-Cobko .The descend- 
ants of Bochaid Cobha, from whom 
the baronies of Iveagh, ^ Ui-Echach), 
in the co. Down have been so called. 
See Reeves' Eccl. Aittiqq., p. 350. 



284 



OCNNCClCC 



X 






.^ 



ceciTHt; Caifieall mac Carail ex pajice amiefipa belli, 
7 exeficicup eiup uiccofi puic. bfiepal mac 8e^eni, 
abbay* 1ae, anno pn.mcipacuv y>tn .xxxi. 7>ofirnitnc. 
Tluamnup abba-p T>omnaif; Secnailt moficuup epi;. 
bepcnl pilia Caail, pie^na *OonnchaT>a, moyirua epr. 
bfiepal mac ^ofimgaile, T>e genepe toesaifie, a ppcaqfu- 
bup ftnf T>olope occifUf epc. Cacyiannac mac Caail 
THoenmaigi, 7 Min'oi'D ancofiica, pau^anc. CCepcaf 
pluuiabf. 

|ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini -occc. 1. TTlui|ie'Dac mac 
T)omnailt pi Tni-De moyiruuf epc. SlosaT) la h CCef> 
poji TTDi'De, co |io yiann TniT>e inp. T>a mac *DonnchaT>a, 
1*0 efc, ConcoBayi 7 CCilell. CCilill mac Copmaic abbap 
Slane, fapien-p 7 iur>ex opr;imtif, obnc. 
mac CCnmcaTia pex Ofifiaigi movicuuf efc. 
CCpui|ic|iofan abbaf benncaip, TTlui}ie'Dac mac Olcobarp, R. MqyJfc 
abbaf cluana -penr;a bpen-oam, Cofcfiac nepof Pfioic 
abbaf LugmaTD, Clemenf 'Gifie T>a glaf, omrre^ pelicicefi 
uicam m pace piniepunc. CCiictxi mac CCilella, pex 
TTltjg'bop.ne magan, mofrcuuf epc. eugmif piba T)onn- 
chaT>a, fiegma fiegif Temofiiae, mopcua eps. 



1 Eresal. See Reeve' Adamnan, 
p. 386. 

2 Domnach - Sechnaill ; i.e. the 
" church of Sechnall." Now Dun- 
shaughlin, in the barony of Ra- 
toath, co. Meath. 

* Befall. This name means " Wo- 
man of F61," (Fal being a bardic 
name for Ireland). In the Tract on 
celebrated women in the Book of 
Lecan (p. 39 la), where the name is 
written " Bebail," this lady is stated 
to have been the daughter of a 
"Cathal King of Ulad," and the 
mother of Aengus (the Oengus whose 
obit is given at the year 829 infra), 



and of Maelruanaidh (ob. 842 infra). 
But the ancient lists of the Kings of 
Ulad have no king named Cathal. 

4 Cathal See last note. 

5 Donnchad. King of Ireland. 
His obit is given above at the year 
796. 

6 Summer. f^pcav, B. 

7 Aedh. King of Ireland. 

8 Aporcrosan. Applecross, in 
Ross-shire, Scatland. The foundation 
of the church of Aporcrosan by St. 
Maelrubha, abbot of Bangor in the 
co. Down, is recorded above at the 
year 672. Regarding the identifica- 
tion of Aporcrosan, and the etymology 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



285 



Cairell, son of Cathal, fell on the other side of the battle; 
and his army was victorious. Bresal, 1 son of Segeni, 
abbot of la, ' fell asleep ' in the 31st year of his govern- 
ment. Ruamnus, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill, 8 died. 
Befail, 8 daughter of Cathal, 4 queen of Dormchad, 8 died. 
Bresal, son of Gormgal, of the Cincl-Loeghaire, was 
deceitfully slain by his brothers. Cathrannach, son of 
Cathal of Maenmagh, and Nindidh, an anchorite, rest. 
A rainy summer. 6 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 801. Muiredach, son of Domnall, 
King of Midhe, died. A hosting by Aedh 7 upon Midhe, 
when he divided Midhe between two sons of Donnchad, 
viz., Concobhar and Ailill. Ailill, son of Cormac, abbot 
of Slaue, a wise man, and most excellent judge, died. 
Fergal, son of Anmchadh, King of the Osraighi, died. 
Macoigi of Aporcrosan, 8 abbot of Bennchair ; Muiredach, 
son of Olcobhar, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brendain ; 9 Cos- 
crach Ua Froich, abbot of Lughinadh, 10 and Clemens of 
Tir-da-glas" all ended 12 their lives happily in peace. 
Artri, son of Ailill, King of Mugdhorna-Magan, 18 died. 
Euginis, 14 daughter of Donnchad, 15 Queen of the King of 









[801.] 



of the name, see the Irish Ecclesias- 
tical Journal, July, 1 849, pp. 299, 300. 

9 Cluain-ferta-Brendain. Clonfert, 
in the barony of Longford, co. 
Galway. 

l Lughmadh.- Louth, in the county 
of Louth. 

11 Tir-t/a-glas Terryglass, in the 
barony of Lower Ormond, co. Tip- 
perary. 

"All ended, &c B. has merely 
ouinep oepuncci. But Clar. 49 
follows the MS. A. 

13 Mugdhorna-Magan. Otherwise 
written Mughdorna - Maighen, and 



Mughdorne. Now represented by the 
barony of Cremorne, co. Monaghan. 

14 Euginis. - - In the Ann. Four 
Mont., at A.D. 797, the name is more 
correctly written 611511110 for " Eu- 
genia." But A., B., and Clar. 49 
have " Euginis," although O'Donovan, 
in his ed. of the Four Masters (A.D. 
797, note s), quoting from the version 
of this Chronicle in the MS., Clar. 49, 
prints Euyinia. 

14 Donnchad; i.e. Donnchad, son 
of Domnall, King of Ireland, whose 
obit is recorded at the year 796, 
tvpra. 



286 ccNNcclcc uloroti. 

loca Riac la TYluifi|iur- 1 Columbae cille a 



.xtn. anno 



Foi. 366a. 



|ct. lanaip.. CCnno Tjomini T)ccc. 
rrnc Nap|;aile, qui m cemcacione T)olofur 
mcubuic. CCippmnan abbar 'Camlaccai 
pauraun; 111 \iac& ^unchai) mac Con^aile, |iex loca 
Cal, a pp. ^T 11 bur Y m V itigulacur er^. ^jjcsal mac 
pex mrolae Culenyii'gi. 7>e genepe Gugain, 
ep^- bellu m puI5ai Conatii meen. T)tior 
T)onnchaDa, ubi CCilill ceciT)ii: ec Concobap 



mac TTlu^|ioiii, |iex nepocum 
Dolose a fociif pmfiiecce piln 

Ceallaic, conplio jiegif fui. belliolum incep. 8ogen ec 
aicme Tnoenmaigi, in quo muln inr;e|ipecci fiinc. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno Dommi "occc. 111. ^or^nall mac 
CCeTia m u 1 rrDevjag, |iex aqti 1 1on 1 f , moficuuf efc. 
mac "Cuacail, |ieoc nepouim "Ceig, mopcuur efc. 
Canxrcbfiam abbacif biyio^. Cop,mac mac Conaill, 
equommiif Liifcan, mo^uuf efc. Uapcacio Lapnen- 
cium apu-D plmm Weill-ouabuv uicibu^ m uno menfe. 
paelan mac Ceallai^ pyimcepr Cille T>a|io, ec Cepnac 
mac T)unchaT)a|ieoc 17111^011116, pe]iie|iunc. Conspen^o 
penaco|ium nepocum "Neill, cm -DUX epac CoiiDmac 



q/" " Temoria " ; (or K. of 
'Tara'). See Ann. Four Mast., at 
A.D. 797, and O'Donovan's note 
regarding this entry. 

s Loch-Riack. The structure here 
referred to as having been demolished 
must have been some fortress in Loch- 
Kiach, the lake from which the town 
of Longhrea, co. Galway, has derived 
its name. 

Muirgttit. Muirghis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught, the 
beginning of whose reign is noticed 
lit the year 791, supra. O'Conor, 
with his \i-vial inaccuracy, translates 



the proper name ' Muirghis ' by 
' praedonibus rcaritimis. 

4 Of Narghal. Nayvgaite, A. 
Clar. 49 has"Argaile" ("of Argal"). 
But the Four Mast. (798) hare 
Naefigaile. MS. B. has Nayijaite 
(" of Narghal.") 

5 Tamlacht-Maelruain. Now Tal- 
laght, in the co. of Dublin. 

6 //oe^-(7a/.--Loughgall, co. Ar- 
magh. 

7 C'ulen-riffi. See note u . p 187, 
supra. 

8 Rubha-ConaiU. Now Kath- 
connell, in the parish of the same 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



287 



' Temoria/ 1 died. The demolition of Loch-Riach* by 
Muirghis. 8 I-Coluim-Cille was burned by Gentiles. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 802. The repose of Flann, son of 
Narghal, 4 who suffered for sixteen years from severe 
sickness. Airfhinnan, abbot of Tamlacht-Maelruain, a 
rested in peace, Duiichad, son of Conghal, King of 
Loch-Gal, 6 was slain by his brothers. ArfcgftJ, son of 

"Cathagac^King of tlie Island of Culen-rigi, 7 of the 

The battle of Rubha-Conaill, 8 



[802.] 



****&, 



between two sons of Donnchad, where Ailill was slain, 
and Concobhar was victorious. Oengus, son of Mugh- 
ron, 9 King of the Ui-Failghi, was deeeitfoHy slain by 
the companions of Finsnechta, 10 son of Cellach, by their 
King's advice. A little battle between the Sogen 11 and the 
sept of Maenmagh, in which many persons were slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 803. Domnall, son of Aedh Muinderg, [303.] BIS. 
King of the North, 12 died. Fiachra, son of Tuathal, King 
of the Ui-Teig, 13 died. The repose of Caratbran, abbot of 
Biror. Cormac, son of Conall, steward of Lusca, died. 
Pillaging of the Leinstermen, by the son of Niall, 14 twice 
in one month. Faelau, son of Cellach, abbot of Cill-dara, 
and Cernach, son of Dunchad, King of Mughdorna, died. 
An assembly of the senators 15 of the Ui-Neill, in Dun- 



name, a mile and a half to the east 
of Mullingar, in the county of West- 
meat h. 

' Of A/uffhron. t" "Dotrmcnlt 
("or of Domnall ''), as in the List of 
Kings of Ui-Falge, Book of Leintter, 
p 40, col. 3. The Four Mast., at 
A.D. 798, write Ua Mughroin, "grand- 
son of Mugliron." 

10 Finsnechta. King of Leinster, 
(ob. A.D. 807, infra). 

11 Sogen. Maenmayh. Septs of 
the powerful tribe of Ui- Maine (or 
Hy-Many). See O' Donovan's Tribes 
and Custom? <>j Hy ~M<iny, and map 
prefixed. 



'* King of the Xorth. jxex acfui- 
A., B. The words ju m 
, the Irish equivalent, are 
added by way of gloss in B. 

la Ui-Teig This was the tribe- 
name of the Ui-Cellaigh-Cualann (or 
" descendants of Cellach Cualann," 
King of Leinster ; ob. A.D. 714 supra), 
who were seated in the north of the 
present county of Wicklow. 

i The ton of Niall, i.e., Aedh 
Oirdnidhe, King of Ireland, and son of 
Niall Frosach, also King of Ireland. 
See above at the years 762, 777. 

" Senators. pencroorumi, A. The 
entry regarding this assembly is more 



288 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOll. 



X 



abbap CCip-OT) macae, i n-mm cuaep. belLum incep. 
nepocep Cpemcain muicem, ubi ceci-oepuni; Ocu mac 
Ccrcail ec "Oomnall mac Oc-oac, ec "Oubpoip ec aln 
mulci, ec T)onnclocaip mac CCpcpac uicrop 
SlogaT) n-OCeDO oipT>niT>i "ooctim Laigen co pu 
P'npnechca pi Laigen T>O CCe-5. romr;|iuum uab-oum 
cumuenco 7 15111 m nocce pp.eceT>ent:i ^e^iam paryiicn 
plu|iimof hommum, n> eft; mille ec T>ecem 
i tup, Coyico bafcinn, ec ma|\e T)iuifir: in^olam 
m c|ief payicef, ec itlu'5 mafie cum ha^ena 
cae abfcoiroic, IT> efc meit T>a boo 7>eac 
01 cip. 1fin bliat>ainfi T>ana po faeyiaT* cleifiich 
tiep,enT> a|i pecbc 7 ap. ftuai^e-o la hCCe-o oifinigi, DO 
Bfieich pachaiT) na Canoine. 'CaBaific ceanannpa 
cen cacroo cotuim cilte ceolach/ hoc anno. 

let. lanaip.. CCnno oommi -occc. 1111. ITIuiiie-Dach 
mac CCimifism abbaf Leicglmne, T)ubT)uin mac 
h1n.su pa, mofii:ui punu. Cuana, abbap mainipcp.ee 
[obiic]. TTloenac mac Cotgen, abbap tupcan, 



fully given by the Four Masters (at 
A.D. 799) than in these Annals. 

1 Dun- Cuair 0' D onovan identi- 
fies this place with Rath -Cuair, now 
Rathcore, in the barony of Lower 
Moyfenrath, co. Meath. Ann. Four 
Mast., A.D. 799, note d. 

2 Son of Artri. mac CCjxcyxac. 
Not in B. 

3 Oirdnidke. cofiyxigi, A. ; the 
words uel Oifvoni]5 being written 
over it. OiyvnTDi, B. 

4 Aedh. Here follows, in the text 
in B., the entry which is the last but 
one for this year in A. 

5 Dispersing. wpipavice, MSS. 
The corresponding expression in Ann. 
Four Mast. (A.D. 799) is 50 fio mctfv- 



bat) (' ' so that there were slain "), 
and in the Chron. Scotorum (804) 
co fio maifib (" which killed "). The 
Annals of Clonmacnolse (Mageoghe- 
gan's Transl.) have " put assunder." 
This great disturbance of the elements 
forms one of the " Wonders of Ireland," 
a curious list of which is given in 
Todd's 7mA Nennius, pp. 192-219. 

6 Corco-Bascinn. The S.W. part 
of the co. Clare. 

' Inland ofFita.O'Donovnn says 
that, " according to the tradition in 
the country, this is the island now 
called Inis-caerach, or Mutton- Island, 
lying opposite Kilinurry-Ibrickan, in 
the west of the c ounty of Clare." Ann. 
Four Mast., A.D. 799, note g. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



289 



Cuair, 1 of which Condmach, abbot of Ard-Macha, was 
leader. A battle among the Ui-Cremthain themselves, 
wherein were slain Echu son of Cathal, and Domnall 
son of Echaidh, and Dubhrois, and many others ; and 
Donnclochair, son of Artri, 2 was the victor. A hosting by 
Aedh Oirdnidhe 8 to Leinster, when Finsnechta, King of 
Leinster, submitted to Aedh. 4 Great thunder, with wind 
and lightning, on the night before the festival of Patrick, 
dispersing 3 a great number of people, that is, a thousand 
and ten men, in the country of Corco-Bascinn 6 ; and the 
sea divided the Island of Fita 7 into three parts. And 
the same sea covered the land of Fita with sand, to the 
extent of the land of 12 cows. In this year, moreover, 
the clergy of Ireland were exempted from expeditions 
and hostings, by Aedh Oir[d]nidhe, according to 
the judgment of Fathad-na-Canoine 8 . The giving of 
Cenannas 9 in this year, without battle, to Colum-Cille 
the musical 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 804. Muiredhach, son of Aimirgin, 
abbot of Leithglenn, [and] Dubhduin, son of Irgus, died. 
Guana, abbot of Manistir-Buiti, 10 [died]. Moenach, son 
of Colgu, abbot of Lusca, a good lector, unhappily, 11 and 



[804.] 



8 Fathadh-na-Canoine." Fathadh 
of the Canon " (or " the Canonist"). 
This entry, which is written in the 
raarg. of A., in a later hand, forms 
part of the text in B. The exemp- 
tion of Irish ecclesiastics from mili- 
tary service, through the alleged 
decision of Fathadh (or Fothadh) the 
Canonist, has been the subject of 
discussion by several writers on Irish 
History. See (/Donovan's Four 
M., A.D. 799, note e, and the 
authorities there quoted ; O'Curry's 
MS. Materials, p. 364, sq.; and 
Lanigan's Eccl. Hist., III., 244. It 
it worthy of observation that the 



compilers of these Annals seem to 
have attached but slight importance 
to an event regarded with such in- 
terest by many other Irish Historical 
writers, ancient and modern. 

9 Cenannan. Kells, co. Meath. 
This entry, which is part of the text 
in B., and is added in the margin iu 
A., in a/, man., seems to be a quota- 
tion from some poem ; only that the 
final words (hoc anno) in A. (not 
in B.) would spoil the metre. 

10 Mniiiftir-Buiii. Monasterboicv, 
co. Loutb. 

11 Unhappily. inpeliciren.. Not 
inB. 

U 



290 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



Fol. 



bonny, mpelicicefi er; lacnimabibcefi tnsam 
. pine abaciyya Chile -oafio obnc. "Oub-oa- 
baifienn . rl . "Oubam, pyiincepp Cluana ifiaifvo, parfii- 
buy yuif aoi)ittir eye. Cepnac mac JQejigUffo, fiex 
Loca gabop, mo^uuip e^c. SlogaD n-Oe-oa co "Dun 
Cuaeyi, co fio fiann Lai^nm ici^i THX THui|ief)ac, IT> efc, 
Tnuip,eT)ac mac Ruai)|iac, j (! 'iTltiip.6'oac mac byiain. 
1ugulai:io Cojimaic mic TTlui|igiufra abbarif OofUce, 
^To~p^oft^a~^ict|iai'De la rnuifigif. fDui|icefi- 
mac "Oonngaile, ]iex bp.eibne, mop,cuuf efc. Cell 



achai-o cum ofiacojiio nouo 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -Domini T)ccc. u. 1n 
pefdleni:ia magna m nibep,ma mfola oyica epc. 
mac "Oin-DagaiT), abbaf aijvo TTlacae 7 Cluana 
obnu. Cental mac TTIoenaig, abbaf Slane, 
m uift5iniT;ai;e T)0|imiuic. Pnfnechca mac 
Ceallaig yiegiium fuum accept. Lex pa^tucn la hCCef> 
mac Neill. ITleff moeyi. Loicec 'ppccuyi Oenncaiyi 
Camilla 1ae occifa efc a encilibu, TD 



.Ixum. Connmac, lu-oea nepocum bfiiuin, motvcuuf 



1 Was added. ccoTncup eye, A. 

2 Loch-Gabor. New Lagore, near 
Dunshaughlin, co. Meath. 

3 Dun-Cuair. Rathcore, co. Meath. 
See under the year 803. 

4 Muiredach His obit is given at 
the year 828 infra. 

5 Muiredach Ob. 817 infra. 

6 Bas/ec. Baslick, in the barony 
of Castlereagh, co. Roscommon. 

7 Ciarraidhe. Or Ciarraidhe-Ai, 
afterwards called, and still known by 
the name of, Clann-Keherny ; a dis- 
trict in the barony of Castlereagh, 
co. Roscommon. See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pt. III., c. 46. 

' Muirgis ; i.e. Muirgis son of 
Tomaltach, King of Couiiaught. 



Died. rnojxcm punc (for 
eye), A. B. 

10 Cill-achaidh Killeigh, in the 
parish and barony of Geashill, King's 
County. 

11 In which. m qftnbuf, A. Not 
in B. There is evidently some error. 

18 Broke out.- -The words in fold 
oyica eye are not in B. 

!8 Gormgal. See above at the 
years 792, and 798. 

14 Dindagad. Written Dindanaigh 
in the genit. form (nomin. Dindan- 
ach), at 792 supra, and [DJindnataig 
(nom. [D]indnatach) in the Book of 
Leinster, p. 42. col. 4. 

15 Cluain -auis. A variation of the 
name usually written "Cluain-eois" ; 
now Clones, co. Monaghan. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



291 






lamentably, ended his life. Fine, abbess of Cill-dara, 
died. Dubhdabairenn Ua Dubhain, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, was added 1 to his fathers. Cernach, son of 
Fergus, King of Loch-Gabor, 9 died. A hosting of Aedh 
to Dun-Cuair, 8 when he divided Leinster between two 
Muiredachs, viz : Muiredach 4 son of Ruaidhri, and 
Muiredach 8 son of Bran. The killing of Cormac, son of 
Muirgis, abbot of Baslec; 6 and the devastation of 
Ciarraidhe 7 afterwards by Muirgis. 8 Muirchertach, son 
of Donngal, King of Breifni, died. 9 Cill-achaidh, 10 with 
the new oratory, was burned. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 805. In which" a great plague 
broke out 12 in the island of Ireland. Gormgal 18 son ot 
Dindagad," abbot of Ard-Macha and Cluain-auis, 15 died. 
Conghal, son of Moenach, abbot of Slane, a wise man, 
died in chastity. Finsnechta, son of Cellach, obtained 
his kingdom. 16 The ' Law ' of Patrick by Aedh, son of 
Niall. Great abundance of acorns. Loithech, doctor, of 
Bennchair, died. The family ' of la slain by Gentiles, 
that is, [to the number of] sixty-eight. Connmach, judge 
of Ui-Briuin, died. Flaithnia, son of Cinaedh, King of 



[805.] 



10 Obtained his kingdom.- 
fiium accepit. Finsnechta became 
King of Leinster, in succession to 
Bran, son of Muridach, whom he 
put to death by burning in the year 
794, as above recorded under that 
year. He seems to have afterwards 
incurred the hostility of the King of 
Ireland, for under the year 803, supra, 
the latter is stated to have made an 
expedition into Leinster, and received 
the submission of Fiusnechta. But 
he seems to have resigned his king- 
ship, or been deposed in the next year 
(804 of these Annals), when King 
Aedh is stated to have divided Lein- 
ster between "two Muiredachs." The 



Four Master i, at A.D. 800 (=804 of 
these Annals, and 805 of the common 
reckoning), represent Finsnechta as 
having entered into religion. In the 
List of Kings of Leinster, in the 
Book of Leintter, p. 39, coL 2, Fins- 
nechta is said to have again assumed 
his kingdom, after twice defeating the 
two sons of Ruaidhri (one of whom 
was probably the Muiredach son of 
Ruaidhri, who was made King of the 
half of Leinster by King Aedh, as 
stated at the year 804) ; which 
accounts for the use of the word 
"accepit " in the text The death of 
this turbulent prince, in Kildare, is 
noticed under the year 807 infra. 

U2 



292 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



mac Cinaepa, peac nepocum 
epc ippaic Imsam. T^ip -oa slap ap-cec. 

let. lanaip. CCnno -nornim -occc. tn. Con-omac 
mac "OtnbT>ateii, ab aip-o TTlacae, pubita motive pepnc. 
Occipio CCpt^aile mic Caapai, pepp neporum Cptnnn 
na n-CCipep. lusulacio Conaill mic 'Cai-cg o Chonatl 
mac CCefaem 1 dunn cipe. Confctiuccio nouae ciuica- 
cif Cotumbae cille hi Cemnnup. eiap,mp, ancopiria 
ec pcpiba toca cpeae, -oofimiuiT:. Luna m fanstunem 
ueppa epc. TTlufichaT) mac ptainn, pi .tl. p-DgeTice, 
[obnc]. 'gencilep combupepunc mpolam TTluipeT)ai^, 
ec muatiepunr; popp Comam. beltum inrep pamibam 
CopcaiT>e ec pamibam cluana pepra bpeiroam, mcep 
quap ceT)ep mnumepabibp hominum aeclepiapncopum 
ec publimium -oe pamilia Copcaigi. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Tommi -occc. tin. Obicup ^0^1; 
_bai^ (abap ICalBaic, o Cluain cpacha) pcpiT3ae, 
"aSbacip CCip-OT) TTlacae. Tomap epipcopup, pcpiba, 
abbap Lnne TDuacal, quieuir. paelgup ppmcepp Cille 
achaiT) -oopmiuic. Sloga-o fnuipgiuppa mic 'Co.malcais 
co ConnachcaiC, la Concobap mac n-T)onnchaT)a, copici 



1 Rath-Imgain. Rathangan, co. 
Kildare. 

2 Was burned. a|XT>ec. r>o lop- 
cccro, " was burned," Four Mast. 
(A.D. 800=805). 

* Airthera. A territory now partly 
represented by the baronies of Orior, 
in the co. Armagh. 

4 Cenn-tire. " Head of the land." 
Latinized " Caput Regionis " by 
Adamnan, Vit. Columba, i. 28. See 
Reeves' ed. p. 57, note e. Cantyre, 
or Kintyre, in Scotland. 

*Cenannus. hi Ceninnup, A. B. 
Kells, co. Meath. See Reeves' 
Adamnan,p. 278. The corresponding 
entry in Ann. Four Mast. (A.D. 802) 
represents the church as having been 
razed, or demolished. 



6 Loch-Crea. Otherwise called 
Inis-Locha-Crea ; now known as 
Monahincha, a couple of miles to the 
s. e. of Roscrea, co. Tipperary. 

7 Inis-Muiredaigh. Inishmurray, 
off the coast of the barony of Car- 
bury, co. Sligo. 

8 Ros-Comain. Roscommon, .co. 
Roscoininon. It is not easy to under- 
stand how the u Gentiles " (or 
Foreigners), who generally committed 
their depredations from the sea, or 
from navigable rivers, could have 
made their way inland as far as the 
town of Roscommon. Instead of 
' Ross-Comain,' the Ckron. Scot., 
(A.D. 807), has Roiss-caim (in the 
genit. form ; nomin. Ross-cam . 

* Corcach. Cork, in Munster. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



293 






the Ui-Failghi, was slain in Rath-Iragain. 1 Tir-da-glas 
was burned. 9 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 806. Condmach, son of Dubhdaleithe, [806.] 
abbot of Ard-Macha, died suddenly. J]he__kiUingof 
Artgal, son j)f_Cathasacb, King of Ui-Cruinn ojf the 
Airthera. 8 The kUfihg oiTC'onall, son of Tadng, by 
Conall son of Aedhan, in Cenn-tire. 4 Building of the -L 
new church of Colum-Cille in Cenannus. 5 Elarius, 
auehorite and .scribe of Loch-Oea," slept. The nioun 
was turned into blood. Murchad, son of Flann, King of 
Ui-Fidhgente, [died]. Gentiles burned Inis-Muiredaigh, 7 
and invaded Ros-Comain. 8 A battle between the ' family ' 
of Corcach, 9 and the ' family ' of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, 
among whom there was a countless slaughter 10 of eccle- 
siastical men, and of the noblest of the ' family ' of 
Corcach. 9 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 807. Death of Torbach (otherwise [807] BIS 
Calbhach 11 from Cluain-cracha), scribe, abbot of Ard- 
Macha. Thomas, a bishop [and] scribe, abbot of Linn- 
Duachail, rested. Faelgus, abbot of Cill-achaidh, 18 ' fell 
asleep.' An expedition by Muirgis 18 son of Tomaltach, 
with the Connaughtmen, accompanied by Concobhar 14 son 
of Donnchad, as far as Tir-in-oenaigh. 18 And after three 



3 813 



10 Slaughter. pcer>ep, for cenep 
(cae-oep), A., B. 

11 Calbhach The alias is added by 

way of gloss in A. Bat B. has 
obicup Caluccic. The name of 
Torbach (or Calbhach) does not 
appear in the list of abbots or bishops 
of Armagh in the Book of Leimter, 
although it occurs in the other lists 
published by Dr. Todd from other old 
Irish MSS. (St. Patrick, 174-179). 
The .-Inn. Four Matt, have his obit 
at A.D. 807, where he is called 
" Torbach son of Gorman." The 
death of "Torbach, abbot of Ard- 
Macha," is also recorded in the Chron. 
Scot., at A.D. 808. 



Cill-achaidh. Killetgh, hi the 
barony of Geashill, King's County. 

i* Muirgit. King of Connaught. 

i* Concobhar. Afterwards King of 
Ireland. His death is recorded at the 
year 832 infra. 

u Tir-in-oenaigh, Le. the "land of 
the Fair." The place here referred 
to was probably Tailltiu (Teltown, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath), 
where a great national Fair, or assem- 
bly, was annually held on the first 
of August ; and where, &a O'Donovan 
alleges, ." there is a hollow pointed 
out still called Lug -an-oenaigh, i.e. 
the " hollow of the fair." Fow Ma*t . 
A.D. 803, note y. 



294 



ulcroti. 



Foi. 









ifi in oenai|, ec FUgefitmc fiepence pope cfiep noccep; 
ec mi5p.auir; CCe-o mac "Meill m ob[u]iarn eojium, ev 
combuppit; cefiminof TYliDi, eopdimque pu^a cappip ec 
hinulip fimulcrca epc. lu^ulacio Cinae-oa pin Conco- 
baip, in campo Cobo, o Cpaiinit5. pmpnecca mac 
Ceallai5, fcex ta^en, hi Cill -oafta T>e pen mofrcuup eft;. 
Jet. lanaifi. CCnno T>omim T>CCC. uin. "Oofimi- 
Toicnc (aliaf 'Caicbs, a "Ciji imclai|i), abbacif 
TTIacae. bellum 11:1^1 U Ceinnfelai^ inuicem, ubi 
ceciT)ic Ceallac cofac mac "Donn^aile, f.1 fia&x 
Occifio T)uncon pfiincipif "Celca Leiff, hi -pail 

1 T:I| abai-o "Celca liff. baecan CLuana 
, Cuu quiayiaen fecnabb Ctuana, T>o|imie|iunn 
cetefcif pefictifit; tiiiaum m ofiacojuo Mo-oan. 
abacifa cluano bfionai| mojficua efc. 1nT>|ie'5 
Ti-tHaT> la hCCe-o mac "Meill, T)i fafuisa- 
poyx "Duncoin. 

faep, faet laech^aij, 
la hCCeT> ^pofiiriubt:ait>, 
ant) anfic ^po melai 
. . consent bp-eni bfiticmaip,. 



1 Aedh. King of Ireland. 

2 Cruithni. The Cruithni, or 
Picts, of Dalaraide, in the now county 
of Antrim. See Beeves' Eccl. Antiqq. 
334-348. 

3 Finsnechta. See the note regard- 
ing Finsnechta, at the year 805 supra. 

4 Toichtech The name of Toich- 

tech does not appear in any of the old 
lists of abbots (or bishops) of Armagh 
published by Dr. Todd (St. Patrick, 
174 182) But it occurs in the Book 
of Leinster, p 25, col. 2, among the 
names of the abbots of Armagh who 
'rested during the reign of Aedh 
Oirdnidhe, King of Ireland from 796 
to 818, according to the chronology 
of these Annals. In recording his 
obit, the Four Master* and Chron. 



Scotorum, at A.D. 808, give him the 
title of " abbot of Armagh." But 
in the Ann. Jnisfall,, at A.D. 795 
(=808), he is merely called j?eyx- 
legin, or " Lector." His name is not 
in Ware's list of Archbishops of 
Armagh. 

5 Taichlech. This is the name in 
B., which ignores the form fl Toich- 
tech." The clause within the paren- 
theses is in A., not in B. 

6 Cellach. The epithet Tosach 
means " the first." The name of 
'' Cellachj son of Dnngal," appears in 
the list of the Kings of Ui-Cennse- 
laigh (or South Leinster) in the Boole 
of Leinster, p. 40, col. 1, as successor 
to Coirpre, son of Laidcnen, whose 
obit is given above under the year 792. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



295 



nights they fled suddenly. And Aedh, 1 son of Niall, 
marched against them, and burned the borders of Meath ; 
and their flight was compared to [the flight of] goats and 
kids. The killing of Cinaedh son of Coneobhar, in Magh- 
Cobho, by^Ouithni. 2 Finsnechta, son of Cellach, King 
of Leinster, died of ' emeroids,' in Cill-dara. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 808. The 'falling asleep' of Toich- 
tech* (alias Taichlech, 5 from Tir-Imchlair), abbot of Ard- 
Macha. A battle among the Ui-Cennselaigh them- 
selves, where Cellach 6 Tosach, son of Donngal, King of 
Rath-Etain, 7 was slain. The killing of Dunchu, abbot 
of Telach-liss, 8 beside the shrine of Patrick, in the abbot's 
house of Telach-liss. 8 Baetan of Cluain-tuaiscert, 9 [and] 
Cuchiarain, vice-abbot of Cluain, 10 ' fell asleep.' Light- 
ning killed a man in the Oratory of Nodan." Finbil, 
abbess of Cluain-Bronaigh, died. The plundering of 
Ulad by Aedh, son of Niall, [in revenge] for the profan- 
ation of the shrine of Patrick against Dunchu. 

Heroic 18 nobles return sadly, 

Ulidians, injured by Aedh. 

Where they stayed, under disgrace, 

Was [at] 18 . . . . of the active Brene. 14 



7 Rath-Etain. The rath, or fort 
of Etan. " King of Rath-Etain " was 
bat a bardic name for the king of 
South Leinster. 

* Telach-liss. --Tullylish, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Iveagh, c.o. Down. O'Donovan 
was wrong in identifying this place 
with Tullalease, in the bar. of Orrery 
[and Kilmore], co. Cork (Four Mast., 
A.D. 804. note c). 

B Cluain-tiMiscert. Now Cloon- 
tuskert, in the bar. of Ballintobber 
South, co. Roscommon. 

10 Clvain ; i.e. Clonmacnoise, King's 
County. 

11 Oratory of Nodan. O'Donovan 
thought, and rightly, that this oratory 



was probably at " Disert-Nuadhan " 
(the " desert," or " hermitage,"of Nua- 
du), now absurdly anglicised "Easters- 
now," near Elphin, in the co. Ros- 
common. Ann. Four Mast. } A.D. 804, 
note f, and 1330, note p. 

12 Heroic. The original of these 
stanzas, not in B., is in the top mar- 
gin of fol. 37a in A., with a marl; of re- 
ference to the proper place in the text. 

11 [At] The orig- 
inal seems like e consul (the first 
letter being mutilated by the binder), 
or ec congonl ("at Congal," ec for ic, 
ccc, oc, forms of the Irish preposition 
signifying " at "). 

'* Brene. " Fretum Brene " was 
the latinized form of the name of the 



[808.] 



296 



ccNNCclcc uloroti. 



imceachc chalcro, 
In faice ti attach utach ; 
CCccepfa guib co n-gpennaib 
Oc cecc -DO ceattaib Utar. 

rnaelf_OT;apcai5 mac plam-o, abbap Puroubpac abae 7 
cille TTIoinni, obnc. bellum la hlllcu ecip T>a mac 
Pacnae. Caipill tnccofi pmc. 6caiT> euafir. 

let. 1anai|i. CCnno -Domini -occc. ix. Ca^ma 
abbaf T)oimliacc,ec 'Cisefinac pun-oacoii -Dai|ie TTleilli, 
abbaf Cille aciT>, ec TDaelfoca|iT;ai5 mac CCe-ogaile 
pp.mncepf inT> aitiecuil^T)ocia|\oc fcjuba, Caual mac 
Pacfiac |iex Rao aifuif ec uifiofium Cul, ec ecai-5 
mac piacnae ]iex lllc-sh, ec nflaelTiuin mac *Donn- 
Sailee^uonimjup aijro TTlacae, ec CCnlon mac Concobaip, 
fiex CCi-one, TTlacoi|ibb pbuf "Meuciii, ec Cellac .TlT 
ConcoT)ai5, moinuncup. ^uaifie abbaf ^Imne T>a loca 
ec plania, T>UO pin TTlu 1^151 Uffo, 



i f unc oTui|niB. Uaf cacio Luigne la 
Laec T>e LuisniB Conachc cecimc : 

Ho niajib TTltii|i5if mo tnacfa, 



1f meifi imyiubafic caitg 

pop, bpajaic "Cai-og cap, a eiffi. 



mouth of Strangford Lough, co. 
Down. See Chron. Scotorum (ed. 
Hennessy), p. 6, note 8 , and Todd's 
St. Patrick, p. 406, n. 4 . 

1 Beaks ; i.e. the beaks of birds of 
prey were seen with fragments of the 
slain. 

a Finnabhar-abha. Fennor, bar- 
ony of Lower Duleek, co. Meath. 

Cill-Moinni. Otherwise Cill- 
Moena, or church of St. Moena. Now 
Kilmoone, in the barony of Skreen, 
co Meath. 

4 Cathina The name is " Caith- 
nia in the Ann. Four Mast. (A.D. 805 
=.810). 



5 Doimliacc Duleek, co. Meath. 

8 Daire-Meilli. Colgan states, 
(Acta Sanctorum, p. 796), that this 
establishment was founded by St. 
Tigernach for his mother, Mella, on 
the border of Logh-Melge (now Lough 
Melvin, in the north of the co. 
Leitrim). The place is not now 
known by this name. 

7 Airecul-Dochiaroc. - - " Dochia- 
roc's Chamber." Now known as 
Errigal, in the parish of Errigal- 
Keerogue, co. Tyrone. This entry is 
very inaccurately given in O'Conor's 
edition of this Chronicle. 
*Rath-aiHhir.-See&\)ove at A.D. 788. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



They tried to go by the shore, 
The proud Ulidian host. 
Beaks 1 were seen, with fragments, 
Coming from the churches of Ulad. 

Maelfothartaigh, son of Fland, abbot of Finnabhar- 
abha 2 and Cill-Moinni, 3 died. A battle among the Ulaid, 
between two sons of Fiachna. Cairill was victor. 
Echaid fled. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 809. Cathina, 4 abbot of Doimliacc ; 5 
and Tigernach, founder of Daire-Meilli, 6 abbot of Cill- 
achaidh ; and Maelfothartaigh, son of Aedhgal, abbot of 
AirecuUDochiaroc, 7 a scribe; Cathal, son of Fiachra, 
Kmg^oT Rath-airthir, 8 and Fera-Cul ; 9 and Echaidh, son 
of Fiachna, King of the Ulaid ; and Maelduin, son of 
Donngal, house-steward 10 of Ard-Macha ; and Anlon, son 
of Conchobar, King of Aidhne ; Macoirb son of Neuter, 
and Cellach Ua Conchodaigh, died. Guaire, abbot of 
Glenn-da-locha, ' fell asleep.' Tadhg 11 and Flathnia, two 
sons of Muirgis, 13 were slain by the Luighni. 18 Devas- 
tation of the Luighni 18 by Muirgis. 12 A hero of the 
Luighni of Connaught sang : 

Muirgis slew my son, 
Which grieved me very much. 
It was I that plaood a sword 
On Tadhg's neck therefor. 14 



g Fera-Cul. The name of a tribe 
inhabiting the district comprising the 
present baronies of Upper and Lower 
Kells, co. Meath. 

10 House-steward. equommup 
(for oeconomuf), A. B. The Four 
Matt, have (A.D. 805) peficigif, a 
title equivalent to ' custos monasterii." 
See Keeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

" Tadhg. cae-ogB, B. 
u Muirgis; i.e., Muirgis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught, 



whose death is recorded under the 
3 r ear 814 infra. 

>3 Luigkni; i.e. the Luighni of 
Connaught, whose territory is now 
represented by the barony of Leyny, 
in the county of Sligo. 

Therefor. cap, a eipp- The 
Four Mast, write -oayi 6ip. The 
original of these lines, not in B., is 
written in the lower margin of foL 
37a, in A., with a mark of reference 
to the place where they should be 
introduced in the text 



[809.] 



298 



ulcroti. 



Foi. 37a6 




let. 1anaifi. CCnno -Domini 7>ccc. x. "Mua-oa abbaf 
ain/o TTIacae misfiatnc cu Connacca cum lege pacfucn 
ec cum ccfimctfuo eiuf. "Oefibanj aige -oia facaifinn 
O ini| "Coilcen, cona fiecc ec na cafipac, la CCe-b mac 
'Neitl, IT) efc, mumncefv 'Camlacca 'oo'Of.on.bai iafi 
cefcmainn <Gamlaccai TYlaelefiuain DUU Neill, 
pamiliae 'Camtaccae multa mune|ia 
. CCT>moe|i 1115111 CCi7)a la^en m feneccuce 
bona moyicua efc. T)imman CCfiat), muminetifif anco- 
fiica, uicam pelicice|i pmuic. "Cuacgal abbap 
Cluana moficuuf efc. Scfiagef ^enntium apu-o 
blacmac nepof TTlui|iT)ibui|i, abbav "Oefimaigi, [obnr;]. 

let. 1anai|i. CCnno T)omini -occc. x. 1. pLann mac 
Cetlaic abbaf pmngtaife, fc|iiba ec ancofiica ec 
epifcopuf, fubica mon.ce peyxuc. 1cem 6caii> epifco- 
puy ec ancofiica p|iinncepf "Camlacca, qinetnc. Cofcyiac 
mac Niall^ufa \iex $an.t)n.oir, ec Ceyinac mac ptacma, 
fiex TDusTiofinae mbfieg, mo|icui func. Mua-oa loca 
hUamae epifcopuf ec ancojnca, abbaf aiffT) TTIacae, 
ooTimiuic. plann mac Congataig fiex Ciannaccai 
mop.icun, Oenguf mac "Dunlamge f,ex genefiif CCfcC- 
plaicbefcac mac Coifipni, pf,mcepf Cille mope 



1 Nuadha .... went. mig- 
A. tnon (for motxcuuf 
B. The name of Nuadha does 
not occur in the Book of Leinster 
list (p. 42) of successors of St. 
Patrick in the abbacy of Armagh. 
But at p. 25 b of the same MS., 
" Nuado " is mentioned among the 
abbots of Armagh who died during 
the reign of " Aed Orclnide," who 
began to reign in A.D. 796, and died 
In 818, according to these Annals. 
The Chron. Scot, has Nuadha' s obit 
at the year 812. It is entered under 
the next year in this chronicle. 

*Jo Connauffht. The MSS. A. 
and B. have cu cormacccc, the first 



c in connacca being wiongly mar- 
ked with the sign of ' infection.' 

3 Tailtlu. Teltown, in the barony 
of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

4 Tamlacht ; or Tamlacht-Mael- 
ruain. Tallaght, co. Dnblin. 

5 ' Termon ' ; i,e., the right of 
sanctuary, asylum, or protection. 
The term was also applied to a certain 
portion of the lands of a monastery, 
In Clar. 49, Termann ' is translated 
by " privilege." 

8 Aedh Lagen, i.e., " Aedh of Lein- 
ster." The death of Aedh Laigen, 
son of Fithcellach, King of Ui- Maine, 
is entered above at the year 721. In 
the corresponding entries in Ann. P.M. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



299 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 810. Nuadha, abbot of Ard-Macha, [810.] CS 8n 
went 1 to Connaught, 9 with the ' Law ' of Patrick, and 
with his shrine. Prevention of the celebration of the 
fair of Tailtiu, 8 on a Saturday, so that neither horse nor 
chariot arrived there, with Aedh son of Niall ; i.e. the 
' family ' of Tamlacht 4 that prevented it, because of the 
violation of the 'Termon' 5 of Tamlacht- Maelruain by 
Y the /Uj-Neill ; and many gifts were afterwards presented 
to the ' family ' of Tamlacht. 4 Admoer, daughter of 
Aedh Lagen, 6 died at a good old age. Dimrnan of Aradh, 7 a 
Munsterman, anchorite, ended his life happily. Tuathgal, 
a most wise abbot of Cluain, 8 died, ^-slaughter of _ 
_CLmr%g by tV Illi'dinna, Blathmac Ua Muirdibhuir, 
abbot of Dermagh 9 [died], 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 811. Flann, son of Cellach, abbot of[8ii]ms. 
Finnglais, 10 a scribe, anchorite, and bishop, died suddenly. 
Echaidh, also a bishop and anchorite, abbot of Tamlacht, 
rested. Coscrach, son of Niallghus, King of Garbhros, 11 and 
Cernach, son of Flathnia, King of Mughdhorna-Bregh, 
died. Nuadha of Loch-Uamha, 12 bishop, anchorite, and 
abbot of Ard-Macha 'fell asleep.' Flann, son of Congalach, 
King of Cianachta, died. Oengus, son of Dunlaing, King 
of Cinel-Artgail, and Flaithbertach, son of Coirpre, abbot 
of Cill-mor-Enir, 13 died. Aedh Roen, King of Corco- 



and Chron. Scot. (718), the same 
Aedh is stated to have been the 
descendant of Cernach, and one of the 
chiefs of the Southern Ui-Neill slain 
in the battle of Almuin, or Hill of 
Allen, in the present county of Kil- 
dare. The lady Admoer would there- 
fore seem to have survived her father 
about 90 years. 

* Aradh. The old name of the dis- 
trict now forming the northern part 
of the barony of Owney [Uaithne] 
and Arra, co. Tipperary. 

8 Cluain, i.e. Clonmacnoise, in the 
King's County. 



* Dermagh. Durrow, in the King's 
County. 

10 Finnglais. Finglas, near Dublin. 

11 Garbhros The situation of this 
place, the name of which signifies 
the rough " Ross " (or " wooded 
district ") has not been identified. 

12 Nuadha of Loch- Uamha. See 
note ', under previous year. According 
to Colgan (Acta SS. p. 373), Loch- 
Uamha (the " lake of the cave ") was 
in the district now forming the county 
of Leitrim. 

13 Cill-mor-Enir. See note *, p. 
236 tupra. 



'800 



ularoti. 



/ 



Pol. 



mofutmcufi- CCeT> fioen, fii cofico baipcinn, mofi- 
epc. CCfi gen nee la pfiu htlmaill. CCfi Conmaicne 
la gennci. CCfi Calfiaigi tuifigg la htl bfiiuin. CCfi Cofico- 
fioiT>e TYli-oe la hUa TTlacuaif. CCfi gennce la TTlumain, 
IT) epc, la Cob^ac mac TTlaeleDUin, fii loca Lem. 
1nT)fieT> 111 T>eifceifiT> la TTluifisiUf mac 
.1. fii Connachc. l^ex *0c[nii pofiConnacuu. 

]cl. lanaifi. CCnno Domini TWCC." oc. n. Conall 
mac "Qaimcig p)imcepf Dfieoic mofiicufi. pefiaiiac mac 
cannail fcfiiba ec facefi-oof, abbap CCcaii) boo, peb- 
cicefi tncam pimuir. Ceallac mac 6cT)ac, fifimcepp 
Cille come, moficutjf eft:. CCfi ntlmill la ^ennci, ubi 
CofCfiac mac 'plamT)T)abpac, ec TDunaTtac 
hUmill. Loigaifie mac Con^amna, fiex senejuf 
Coifipfii, mofiicufi. Congalcac mac equine, fecnab 
Cluana pefica, mofiiruii. jcapalup fiea 
immo conuf 6ufiopae impefiacofi, m pace 
Lex *Dafin la hU Meill. 

|Cb. lanaifi. CCTTno "comim T>CCC. x. 111. 

abbaf Cille TTlomni ec 'moefi bfieg o paqfiaic, 
Pfiecipuuf fcfiibaque opci m u f , ~ peli ci cefi 
Vimuic. "Cuacal pibuf "DuDubcae, 



1 Umhall. A district known as the 
" Owles," and "O'Malley's country ;" 
and comprising the baronies of Mur- 
resk and Burrishoole, in the co. Mayo. 

z Conmaicni. Otherwise called 
" Conmaicni-Mara," a name now re- 
presented by " Connemara," in the W. 
of the co. Galway. 

8 Corca-Roidhe A tribe which 

gave name to the barony of Corkaree, 
co. Westmeath. 

4 Ui-Mac- Uais. " Descendants of 
the sons of [Colla] Uais." A sept of 
the old Oirgiallian stock, from which 
the name of the barony of Moygoish, 
co. Westmeath, ia derived. 



'Loch-Lein. The Irish name of 
the Lakes of Killarney. King of 
Loch-Lein was a bardic term for 
" King of West Munster." 

6 South. Apparently the South of 
Connaught, Muirgis being King of 
Connaught at the time. Under the 
year 813 infra, a hosting by Muirgis 
against the Ui-Maine " of the South " 
is recorded. 

7 Son of Daimtech O'Conor in- 
accurately prints mac Dainlig, "son 
of Dainlech.'* 

8 Treoit. Trevet, in the parish of 
the same name, barony of Skreen, 
co. Meath. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



301 



Baiscinn, died. A slaughter of Gentiles by the men of 
Umhall. 1 A slaughter of the Conmaicni 2 by Gentiles. 
A slaughter of the Calraighi of Lurg, by the Ui-Briuin. 
A slaughter of the Corca-Roidhe 8 of Meath by the Ui- 
Mac-Uais. 4 A_slaughter of Gentiles by Munstermen, 
i., bvjOobthach son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Leln." 
Devastation of the South 6 by Muirgis son of Toiualtaeli, 
i.e., King of Connaught. The ' Law ' of Dari over Con- 
naught. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 812. Conall, son of Daimtech, 7 abbot 
of Treoit, 8 died. Feradhach son of Scannal, scribe and 
priest, abbot of Achadh-bo, ended his life happily. Cel- 
lach son of Echaid, abbot of Cill-Toma, 9 died. A slaughter 
of [the men of] Umhall 10 by Gentiles, in which were 
slain Coscrach son of Flandabrat, and Dunadach, King 
of Umhall. Loegaire, son of Cugamna, King of the 
Cinel-Coirpri, died. Congaltach, son of Etguine, vice- 
abbot of Cluain-ferta, 11 dies. Charles, 14 King of the Franks, 
or rather Emperor of all Europe, slept in peace. The 
'Law' of Dari 18 by the Ui-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 813. Feidilmidh, abbot of Cill- 
Moinne," and steward 18 of Bregh on the part of Patrick, 
an eminent anchorite and most excellent scribe, ended 
his life happily. Tuathal, son of Dudubhca, 16 a famous 



. . 



f8l2.] 



[813.] 



9 CM- Toma. Kiltoom, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

Umhall. See under the pre- 
ceding year ; note ', last page. 

11 Cluain-ferta ; Le. Cluain-ferta- 
Brendain. Clonfert, in the barony of 
Longford, co. Galway. 

12 Charles. Charlemagne. The 
correct date of Charlemagne's death 
is 28th Jan., 814. 

18 l Law' of Dari. The imposition 
of this ' Law ' over Connaught is the 
last entry under the preceding year. 



14 Cill- Moinne. Kilmoone, in the 
barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

16 Steward. moep. ; translated 
"Serjeant" in Clar. 49. The office 
of "steward" or "serjeant" (tnoen) 
here referred to, consisted in collecting 
Patrick's dues, or tribute, in Bregia, 
by the authority of the archbishop of 
Armagh. 

u Dudubhta. The Four Mast. 
(A.D. 809) have the name " Dubbta " 
which seems the more correct 
forui. 



302 



ccMMcclcc uloroti. 



y 



pcpiba ec "ooccop cluana mac U Noip, T)0pmitnr:. 
Oicippcel mac Ceallai, epipcopup g^nne ^ a ^oca 
ec Cinae-o mac Ceallaig epipcopup ec abbap <Gpelic 
moep, obiepunc. TKlael-oum epipcopup, amcinnec 
6cT>poma, lugulacup epc. 8uibne mac TTIoenais 
equommupSlane, er; ^opmgalmac Neill pin pep^aile, 
mopcui punc. Slosat) la TTlumsiUf ec Topceallac pop 
Uu mTTlaine 'Denlipoicc, ubi plupimi mceppecn. punc 
mnocenncep. popceallac obaip, abba)^ cluana mic 
Moip, ec Opcanac abbap Cille pobpic, Ron an nepop 
LocT>eipc epipcopup, omnep T)opnnepunc. bellum mcep 
La^enenpep inuicem, ubi neponep Cennpelai^ ppop- 
cpaci punc, ec piln bpain uiccopiam accepepunc.^' 
Ceallach abbap 1ae, pmnca conpcpuci;ione cempli 
Cenm-opa, peliquic ppincipacum, ec T)iapmiciup alum- 
nup "Oaigpi ppo eo op-oina^up epc. bpoen mac RuaT)pac ft. ^7 
jxicpapa Lagenapum mopirup. Lex Quiapani pop 
Cpuacna eleuaca epc la TDuipgiup. 8ae mop 7 
cpomgallpa. Ixhall mac CCetia, pex nepocum Copmaicc, 
pepentnna mopce mopirup. blarrnac mac CCilgupa* 
abbap cipe T>a slaip, ec blacmac T>alca Colg^en, abbap 
mpolae uaccae albae, obiepunc. 



1 Trelic-mor; i.e. "great Trelic." 
The place referred to is now called 
Trillick, and is in the barony of 
Omagh, co. Tyrone. Dr. O'Conor 
turns it into " Magni Tralee," taking 
Trelic as a form of the name of 
Tralee in Kerry. But he was 
wrong. 

2 Steward. equonimuf, for 
oeconomu-p. Muiredhach, son of 
Uargal, called equonimu-p of la, at 
the jyear 781 supra, is described as 
pfiioifx ("prior") in Ann. Four M., 
at the corresponding date (A.D. 777). 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

'Mvirgig; i.e. Muirgis, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught, 



whose obit is the first entry under the 
next year. 

4 Forchellach. Abbot of Clon- 
macnoise. See next entry. 

6 Gill- Fobric. Or Cill-Fobrigh 
Probably Kilbrew, in the barony of 
Ratoath, co. Meath. 

8 Cenannas. Kells, co. Meath. 
The genit. form Genm-ofcc (nom. 
Cenni'Dap) is wrong; the more usual 
nom. form being Cencmnap (genit. 
Cencmnfa). 

7 Diarmait. "Oiafuniciu-p, A. 
"Diap,nnciup, B. 

8 Foster-son. alumnuf. A. 
atumpnu^ 1 , B. 

9 Ruadhri. Apparently the Ruai- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



303 



scribe and doctor of Cluain-Mic-U-Nois, 'fell asleep.' 
Etirscel, the son of Cellach, bishop of Glenn -da- 
locha, and Cinaedh son of Cellach, bishop and abbot of 
Trelic-mor, 1 died. Maelduin, a bishop, ' herenagh ' of 
Echdruim, was slain. Suibhne son of Moenach, steward* 
of Slane, and Gornigal, son of Niall, son of Fergal, died. 
A hosting by Muirgis 8 and Forchellach* upon the Ui- 
Maine qObe-Seuth, when many innocent people were 
slain. Forchellach of Fobhar, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, 
and Orthanach abbot of Cill-Fobric, 8 [and] Ronan Ua 
Lochdeirc, a bishop all ' fell asleep.' A battle among 
the Leinstermen themselves, wherein the Ui-Cennselaigh 
were overthrown, and the sons of Bran obtained the 
victory. Cellach, abbot of la, the building of the church 
of Cenannas 6 being finished, resigned the abbacy ; and 
Diarmait, 7 foster-son 8 of Daigre, was ordained in his place. 
Broen, son of Ruadhri," a satrap of the Leinstermen, died. 
The ' Law' of Ciaran 10 was proclaimed over Cruachan 11 
by Muirgis^ Great suffering and heavy diseases. 12 Niall, 
son of Aedh, King of the Ui-Cormaic, died suddenly. 
Blathmac, son of Ailgus, abbot of Tir-da-glas, 18 and 
Blathmac, foster-son of Colgu, abbot of Inis-bo-finne," died. 



mi^j^CS 1 



dhri, son of Faelan, King of all the 
Leinstermen, whose obit is entered 
abore at the year 784. 

w Of Ciaran ; i.e. St. Ciaran of 
Clonmacnoise. qumyxam, A., B. 

11 Cruachan, A famous plain in 
lloscommoii, the principal fort (or 
rath) in which, Rathcroghau, near 
Belanagare, was anciently the chief 
seat of the Kings of Connaught See 
above under the year 782, where the 
'Law 'of Patrick is stated to have 
been proclaimed hi Cfumcrnrj. 

i Heavy diseases. 
M heavy disease," B. 



i Tir-da-glas. Terryglass, bar- 
ony of Lower Ormond, co. Tipper- 
ary. 

14 Init- bo- finite. "Island of the 
white cow." There are two islands 
thus named, seats of ancient eccles- 
iastical establishments, viz., Irish - 
bofin, an island off the coast of the 
barony of Murrisk, co. Mayo (see 
above at the year 007), and Inish- 
boiin in Logh-Ree (an expansion of 
the river Shannon), which is regarded 
as part of the barony of Kilkenny 
West, co. Weatmeath, and is the 
island here referred to. 



304 



CCNNCClCC 



Fol. 3766. 

b. 



let. lanaifi. CCnno 7>ommi -occc. x. 1111. TYlofip 
ii Conn ace. 

Ui T>efi5 'oaigchec cen oitnbaig, 
TTluifi5iiir -oe Cjiaachain clannaij, 
Ro ai& mac Cetlaig ctiififiis 
Tjin ben-ba bcmnaij. 



Cete 1hepu abbap citte TTlonine [obtrc]. 
Copcfiaic mic pinpnecci. Conatt mac Neitt, fiex 
ceifvo bfieg, mofiicun.. Cotman mac Neitt 
efc a genefie Conaitt. Slogan ta CCei) iap.um po^ cenet 
Conaitt, icoficain. Uogaittnec mac ptaic^Ufa. TTIaet- 
canaig ancofiica Lugmai'D, Cettac mac Congaile abbap 
1ae, T)o^miepunT:. O^am Ctuana cyiema, 7 guin jp^i^ 
A mT)i, TO pep.aib bjaeibne 7 T>O fit Cacait. pocafica 
mac Cejinaic, tec |ii T)eifcei|ir; bfieg, moficuuf efc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomim 'occc. x. u. "Dtmgal 
mac Cuanac fiex Roif, 'Cuacat mac T)omnaitt fiex 
aificefi Lipi, Ifigatac mac TTlaetehumai fiex cofico 
Sogam, Conan mac Hua-Dfiac fiex bjinconum, Cacat 
mac CCficfiac fiex 17lU5T>ofinae, omnep -oepuncci func. 



1 Cruachan See the entry regard- 
ing Cruachan under last year, and the 
note thereon (p. 303, note "). 

9 Son of Cellach. Probably Fin- 
snechta son of Cellach, King of Lein- 
ster, whose obit is given at the year 
807 supra. 

9 Cuirrech. The Curragh of Kil- 
dare. The Kings of Leinster are 
sometimes styled "Kings of Cuirrech," 
in bardic compositions. 

* Cill-Molnne. Kilmoone, in the 
barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

5 Aedh, i.e. Aedh Oirduidhe, King 
of Ireland. 

6 Lughmadh. Louth, in the county 
of Louth. 



7 Cluain-cremha. See note 2 , p., 
216, supra. Dr. O'Conor, in his ed. 
of these Annals, makes a most extra- 
ordinary blunder regarding this entry, 
which is plainly written in A. And 
O'Donovan (Four Mast., A.D. 810, 
note u) is scarcely more happy. It is 
a pity that the latter did not consult 
the MS. A. before constructing the 
note in question. 

8 Men oj Breifni, i.e. the men of the 
Western Breifue, or Breifni- Ui-Ruairc 
(Brefny-O'Rourke). 

Sil-Cathail, i.e. the "Seed (or 
descendants) of Cathal." Otherwise 
designated by the name of Clann- 
Cathail. This was the tribe-name of 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



305 



Kal. Jan. AJ>. 814. Death of Muirgis, King of [814.] 
Connaught. 

A fierce plundering king, without grief; 
Muirgis of fruitful Cruachan j 1 
Who hel|>etl the son of Oellach* of Cuirrech,* 
From the south, from the flowing Barrow. 

Celi-Isa, abbot of Cill-Moinne 4 , [died]. The killing of 
Coscrach, son of Finsnechta. Conall, son of Niall, King 
of the South of Bregh, died. Colman, son of Niall, was 
slain by the Cinel-Conaill. A hosting by Aedh 8 after- 
wards upon the Cinel-Conaill, in which Rogaillnech son 
of Flaithgus was slain. Maelcanaigh, anchorite of Lugh- 
madh, 6 and Cellach son of Congal, abbot of la, 'fell 
asleep.' The plundering of Cluain-cremha, 7 and the 
killing of a man therein, by the men of Breifni 8 and the 
Sil-Cathail. 9 Focarta son of Cernach, half-king of the 
South of Bregh, died. 

Kal. Jan, A.D. 815. Dungal, son of Cuanu, King of [315.] BIB. 
Ros ; 10 Tuathal, son of Domhnall, King of Airther-Liphe ; u 
Irgalach, son of Maelumhai, King of Corco-Soghain ; w 
Cor.an, 18 son of Ruadhri, King of the Britons, and Cathal, 
son of Artri, King of Mughdorna all died. Dubh- 



a respectable branch of the great 
Sil-Muiredhaigh stock of Connaught, 
whose chief took the name of 
O'Flanagan, when the adoption of 
surnames became general. The Clann- 
Cathail were seated in the barony 
and county of Roscommon. 

10 Rot. A district in the co. 
Monaghan, the name of which seems 
to be preserved in that of the parish 
of Magheross (" Machaire-Rois "), in 
the barony of Farney, in the same 
county. 

11 Airther-Liphi. u East of Lipht 



(or Liffey)." That part of the plain 
of Kildare lying to the east of tbe 
River Liffey. 

18 Corco-Soghain, i.e. the race of 
Soghan sal-bhuidhe ("yellow heel"), 
son of Fiacha Araidhe, King of 
Ulster. There were several distinct 
septs of this race in Ireland. See 
O'Donovan's Hy-Many, pp. 72, 
159. 

18 Conan. " Cinan rex moritur." 
(Ann. Cambria>, A.D. 81 6). The obit 
of " Kynon," King, is entered in the 
Tywysogion, under #17. 



CCNNCCtCC UlCCOtl. 



Jiff 



"Out>7>aleii mac 'Comal^ais T>UX namne, omnef penieri- 
unc. TYlofif loj'ep pcnibae fioif Commain. Combufcio 
CLtiana rnic Moif ^ejngsio^ex maio|ie panm Hflc-fif 
Stnbne rnic Cuanac, abbasif Cltiana rnic Woif. Cealtac 
mac TYluinprptf' ctbbaf "Dnomma cafio, lugutacif eft; o 
rnac DuaEail. tlen^uf magntif m ^Caten-oif 
betluni -DO ma'omaim pori htl piac|iac 
THtiip,fce fie n-TharuYiaic mac 'Comalcaig, 7 lofca'D 7 

poibriem 1 erne ^riaictiaisi, ubi plui\imi 
ignobilef. THo|if Cacail mic CCilelto 
nepocum Pacyiac. Oriauo|iium pobairi combtifcum 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno -oomini -occc. 
"Ocrcail epifcopi, fcpibae ec ancofiicae, hui T)uiblem. 
Hflo|if Concriuiune fcfubae primcipif tamne Gla. 
^ipjfiaici abbap cltiana perica brien-oain, Cumti|X)ac 
mac Cefinaig ecfuommuf oMfmv TTlacae, obiefiunc. 
belbotum iciti priu 7>6ivceiric brieg ec Ciannachcu, i 
coyicruroafi ill "01 ciannachcaib. bellum anise Cacal 
mac "Dunlainge, ec |ie mmnnciri ^151 TYluiTDti, 
perinan'D, ubi .cccc. incejvpecci 



THaeluuite abbaf benncaiti exulac. nflaet-DUin mac 



1 Namne. This place (or tribe) has 
not been identified. Mctnrme may 
have been written in mistake for 11 
mcme (Ui-Maine, or Hy-Many, in 
Connaught). 

2 All died. omnep pefiieyumc. 
Not in B. , in which the next entry is 
joined to this one. 

3 Death. rnofvjp. Not in B. 

4 Ros-Comain. Roscommon, in 
the county of Roscommon. The words 
mor>ctn ftmc are added in B., in 
which this entry forms part of the 
previous entry. 

5 Of the half.6e me'oia. Not 
in B. The expression "cZe media ex 
majors parte " occurs more than once 



in the MS. A. text of this Chronicle. 
(See at the year 833 infra) ; but B. 
does not employ the words de media. 

6 Druim-cara. Drumcar, in the 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Ferrard, and county of Louth. This 
place is called " Druim-cara of Ard- 
Cianackta " (the old name of the dis- 
trict now represented by the barony 
and name of Ferrard), under the year 
869 infra. 

Toibren. Graicraighe. See note 
4 , p. 222, supra. 

8 Ailill This Ailill was son of 
Innrechtach, son of the Dunchad 
Mursce whose death is entered at the 
year 681. See note 1S , p. 133, supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



307 



daleithi, son of Tomaltach, chief of Narane, 1 all died. 8 
Death 8 of Joseph, scribe of Ros-Comain. 4 Burning of 
the greater part of the. half 8 of Cluain-mic-Nois. Death 
of Suibhne, son of Cuanu, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois. 
Cellach, son of Muirghis, abbot of Druim-cara, 6 was 
slain by Gertide son of Tuathal. Great wind on the 
Kalends of November. A battle was gained over the 
Ui-Fiachrach of Muirisc by Diarmait son of Tomaltach ; 
and the burning and plundering of Foibren 7 in the 
district of Graicraighe, 7 where a great number of the 
common people were slain. Death of Cathal, son of 
Ailill, 8 King of the Ui-Fiachrach. The oratory of 
Fobhar 9 was burned. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 816. Death of Dathal Ua Duibhleni, 
a bishop, scribe, and anchorite. Death of Cucruithne, a 
scribe, abbot of Lann-Ela, 10 Tipraiti, abbot of Cluain- 
ferta-Brendain, Cumuscach son of Cernach, steward of 
Ard-Macha, died. A battle between the men of the 
south of Bregh and the Cianachta, wherein a great 
number of the Cianachta were slain. A battle by 11 
Cathal, 12 son of Dunlaing, and by 11 the 'family' of Tech- 
Munnu, 13 against the 'family' of Ferna, 18 wherein 400 
persons were slain. Maeltuile, abbot of Bennchair, lived 
in exile." Maelduin, son of Cennfaeladh, abbot of 



laigh, or South Leinster. His obit 
is entered in the Ann. Four Matt. 
under the year 817. 

18 Tech-Munnu, Ferna. Taghmon 
and Ferna, in the present county of 
Wexford. The Four Matters have 
no notice of this battle. 

14 Lived in exile, exulcnc (for 
exuloc, or exputcrc), A. B. The 
"quievit"of Maeltuile is entered at 
the year 819 infra. The Four 
Masters (at 812=816 of these An- 
nals) record the obit of Maeltuile, 
and repeat it at the year 818. 

x2 



9 Oratory of Fobhar. 
mm pobaifi. For oixcrcofuum the 
Four Mast, (at A.D. 812), have 
"Oejxcectc. Fobhar is now known aa 
Fore, in the county of Westmeath. 

1 Lann-Ela. Lynally, in the par- 
iah of the same name, barony of 
Ballycowan, King's co. 

11 By. ante. This is the ordin- 
ary Latin equivalent of Irish jxia, or 
|\6; but the Irish preposition fie, 
with its variations juct and jxa, has 
also the meaning of " by," and 
"with." 

i Cathal King of Ui Cennae- 



[816.] 



308 



uloroti. 



drmpaela'D ppmcepp Rao bo, -oe pamilia Columbae 
cille, lUguUrcup epc. rnumntnp Column cille TO 7)ul 
i "Gemarp "DO epcume CCe-oa. THael^uin pex Roip 
mopvcup. "Dongall mac "Cua^ail, pi CCpT)ae, mopii:up. 
Cillem abbap "Pepriann [obnc]. "Pep^up para Lupai%, 
abbap pinn^laippi, obnz:. iaT>al, abbap ec epipcopup 
poipp Commam, "oopmiuic. 

]cb. lanaip. CCnno -oommi "occc. oc. un. TTluipe'Dac 
mac bpam, lei^pi Laigen, mopirup. CCig anaiccenca 
Foi. 38 aa. 7 pneachca map pobar;ap o norlaic pcellae co h- 



' 



] boin-oe cofaib 
om cumai HTD tocae. 



j alanaile n-abanT). 
piantaiji mp loc 
Ococ. Oiff altci T>o ^copunn. olaic T>aup,ci5e tapmae 
o cece tap, locaiB Gipne a npib Connacc hi cip htla 
Cpatimcam ; abaque incosmca pep gelu ec span^mer 
in hoc anno -pacca. Ceallach mac cannlam abbap 
citte poibpi^, Cepnac mac Consalais pex Cnofcbai, 
mopiunctip. Cuanu abbap lusmai'D, co pcptn 
cai, T>O 7)la a npe TTluman pop longaip. 
aipchmnech aip-o TYlacae, co pcpm pacpaicc, T>O 
out a ConnacT;a. CCe-o mac "Neitt co pluagaiB co T)un 



TYloc- 



1 Ratk-both. Now Raphoe, the seat 
of an ancient bishopric, in the county 
of Donegal. Regarding the foundation 
of the monastery of Raphoe, see 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 280. 

2 Temkair. Tara, co. Meath. 

* To curse Aedh, i.e. Aedh Oird- 
nidhe, King of Ireland. TJO epctnine 
(for -DO epcuine, " to curse") A., B. 
The cause of this ' cursing,' or excom- 
munication, of Aedh may have been 
for his invasion of Cinel-Conaill as 
recorded above under the year 814, or 
for complicity in the murder of the 
abbot Maelduin. See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. 389, note x. 

* Rot. Otherwise written " Fera 



(or Fir) Rois " ; i e., " Men of Ros." 
See note on the name, under the year 
815 ; p. 305. 

6 Ard. Ard-Cianachta, a district 
in the co. Louth, now represented by 
the barony of Ferrard. 

6 Finnglais Finglas, near Dublin. 

7 Epiphany noclcoc preltae, 
" Christmas of the star," A., B. The 
Four Mast. (A.D. 815) have 6 nocc- 
tctic, " from Christmas," as in Clar. 49. 

8 Loch-Echach. Lough Neagh. 
"Roofing. -Soldi c. This word 

does not occur in any of the ordinary 
Irish Glossaries. It is rendered by 
"timber" in Clar. 49, in which the 
translation of the full entry is loosely 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



309 



Rath-both, 1 of the ' family ' of Colum-Cille, was slain. The 
' family ' of Colum-Cille went to Temhair, 8 to curse 
Aedh. 8 Maelduin, King of Ros, 4 died. Donngal, son of 
Tuathal, King of Ard, 6 died. Cilleni, abbot of Ferna, 
[died]. Fergus of Rath-Luraigh, abbot of Finnglais, 6 died. 
Siadal, abbot and bishop of Ros-Comain, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 817. Muiredhach son of Bran, half- 
king of Leinster, died. Unprecedented frost and great 
snow from Epiphany 7 to Shrovetide. The Boyne and 
other rivers were traversed with dry feet, and the 
lakes in like manner. Herds and multitudes [went] 
upon Loch-Echach, 8 and wild deer were hunted. The 
roofing 9 of an oratory was afterwards [brought] by 
carriage-way 10 across the lakes of Erne, from the lands 
of Connaught to the land of Ui-Cremthainn ; and other 
unprecedented things were done in this year through 
frost and hail. Cellach son of Scannlan, abbot of Cill- 
Foibrigh, 11 [and] Cernach son of Congalach, King of 
Cnodhba, 18 died. Cuanu, abbot of Lughmadh," went in 
exile to the land of Munster, with the shrine of Mochta." 
Artri, superior 18 of Ard-Macha, went to Connaught, with CS./o 
the shrine of Patrick. Aedh, 17 son of Niall, [went] with 



[817.] 



. 
fl- / ir 

.It 



made. But the construction of the 
original is very faulty. 

1 Carriage-way. o cece. cece 
is explained by conceit*., fee, a 
" road," " way," in the Felire of 
Oengus (Laud copy), at Dec., 20. 
See Stokes' ed., p. clxxix. 

CUl-Foibrigh. See note ", p. 
263 supra. 

is Cnodhba. See note 4 , p. 266 
supra. 

" Cuanu. His obit is entered at 
the year 824 infra. 

i Lughmadh. Louth, In the co. 
Louth. 

11 Mochta. The St. Mochta, abbot 



or bishop of Louth, whose obit is 
recorded at the year 534 supra. 

16 Superior. oifi (for cojvchin- 
nech), A. B. In the entry of the 
obit of Artri, at A.D. 832 infra 
(where see note), Artri is described as 
abbot (abbcif) of Ard-Macha. Re- 
garding the meaning of the title 
aifichinnech, see Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 364, note m, and O'Donovan's Ann. 
Four Mast., A.D. 1179, note o. In 
the corresponding entry in the Chron. 
Scotorum (A.D. 818), Artri is called 
Pfuncepf ("abbot" or "superior"). 

17 Aedh ; i.e., Aedh Oirdnidhe, 
monarch of Ireland. 



310 



ccuNcclcc ulcroTi. 



v 



Cuaeji co fio fiarm tai^mu icifi ta huae bfiam. CCifi- 
chmnech CiLle moi^e 6mfi T>O fayiu^otT), 7 Thibinnfiechc 
a peccnap T>O gum afi a mcaiB, la Lai|mu. Ofi^am 
coccae TU Cetlach mac Pogepxaic pop. Concobap. mac 
TY)uip.eT>aic .1. mac p,i laigen. belLtim accum efc in 
Depone t)elBnae NODOC, .1. ca^ poyiar, ubi nepocep 
TDani cum yie^e eop.m IT> eft: Caral mac TTlu|ica'DO, ec 
atn plu^imi nobilef, ptiofrfian pum:. Tle^ef nepocum 



T)iafimair; mac 



eyianr;. 



CCnTDola, abbaf T)aminnfi, 



Recca%a nepop 
Cluen mac "Moip 
ex 



pui. 

|ct. lanaip,. CCnno T>omini T>CCC. ac. um. 
Laigen ta hCCeT> mac Neill .1. cip, Cualann upque 
-ouopvUm pcagnop-um. TTIofip CCe-oa mic Neill iuxca 
ua-oum T)tiapvUm ^uipcucum m campo Conailte. betb- 
olum mcepv genup Gugain 7 ^enup ConaiLl, in quo 
ceciTMC TTlaelbp,epait mac fDupca-bo . p.eac genepip 
Conailt TTTupcai) mac maele-ouin puic uiccop,. belli- j~7j 
olum icip, tllcu inuicem, in quo ceciT)iT: Caiyiell piliup 
pacnae, ec Hfluipe > 5ac mac Gcac uiccop. puic. Cacal 
mac TDunlam^e pex nepocum Cennpelaig ec pecnap 
mop,it:up,. Cpunnmael mac CCilello pp-inncepp 



. See 



p. 



1 Dun-Cuair. See above, at the 
year 804. 

^Superior. cnticliirmech. 
note 16, p. 309. 

3 Cill-mor-Enir. See note 
212. supra. 

* Fought. accum epc, A. 
cum epc, B. 

5 DeUthna-Nodot. "Oett5nae Lo- 
t)oc, A. B. But the proper form is 
"OettJna No-ooc (=T). NUCTDOX), 
the ancient name of a district between 
the rivers Shannon and Suck, in the 
southern part of the co. Roscommon. 



See O'Donovan's ed. of Leabhar na 
g-ceart, p. 105, note n. 

6 Many. plufiimi, A. rntit-ci, B. 

7 Diarmait. The Diarmait son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught, 
whose obit is entered at the year 832 
infra. 

8 Daiminis Devenish, in Lough 
Erne, in Fermanagh county. 

, Of the Kalends. let. -Dlf , A. 
lCt, B. 

10 Aedh Monarch of Ireland. 

11 Ath-da-ferta. mxccc ncroum 
ui'|icucm (TTli|iabilium, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



311 



armies to Dun-Cuair, 1 when he divided Leinster between 
two grandsons of Bran. The superior* of Cill-mor- 
Enir 8 was profaned, and its vice-abbot, Dubhinnrechtt 
was wounded whilst under his protection, by the 
Leinstermen. A battle slaughter by Cellach, son of 
Fogartacb, over Cbnchobar "son of Muiredhach, i.e., son 
of the King of Leinster. A battle was fought* in the 
country of Delbhna-Nodot, 6 i.e. the battle of Forath, 
wherein the Ui-Maine, with their king, i.e. Cathal son of 
Murchadh, and many 6 other nobles, were overthrown. 
The Kings of the Ui-Briuin, viz., Diarmait 7 son of 
Tomaltach, and Maelcothaigh son of Fogartach, were 
victors. Rechtabhra Ua Andola, abbot of Daiminis, 8 
dies. Cluain-mic-Nois was again burned on the 12th of) W^ 
the Kalends 9 of November the third part of it. / 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 818. The wasting of Leinster by [818.] 
Aedh 10 son of Niall, i.e. the country of Cualann as far as 
Glenn-da-locha. Death of Aedh 10 son of Niall, near Ath- 
da-ferta" in Magh-Conaille. A battle between the 
Cinel-Eoghain and Cinel-Conaill, in which Maelbresail 
son of Murchadh, King of the Cinel-Conaill, 18 was slain. 
Murchadh, 18 son of Maelduin, was victor. A battle among 
the Ultonians themselves, in which Cairell 1 * son of 
Fiachna was slain, and Muiredhach son of Echaidh was 
victor. Cathal son of Dunking, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, 
and vice-abbot of Ferna," died. Crunnmael son of 



Af . 



O'Conor); over which an old hand 
has written 05 crc -DCC pejvca (a 
literal translation), in A. 

12 Cinel-Conaill 5enip,if Con- 
aill, A. 

"Mwchadh. King of the Cinel- 
Eoghain, or descendants of Eoghan, 
son of Niall Nine-hostager, who were 
otherwise known as the Ui-Neill of 
the North. 

M Cairell. According to a state- 



ment in the Book of Leintter (p. 41, 
col. 3), Cairell (or Can-ill, as the name 
is there written) reigned nine years, and 
was slain in a battle between the 
Ulaid and the Ui-Echach-Cobha, 
fought at a place called Lapast, in 
Carn-Cantain. Bat the situation of 
Lapast, or of Carn-Cantain, is not 
now known. 

w Ferna. Ferns, in the county of 
Wexford. 



312 



ccNNcclcc ulorol). 



Foi. 38 



^ 



T)oimliacc, ec TTltiifieT>ac -piliuf Cfiunnmail abbaf 
7>ipifiT; "Ceofinoc, T>epuncci punr. Con^atac mac pefi^uf a 
' V- ex Cul rnofiictifi. Cen^ci^ef ain.T>T> TYlacae cen 0151 cen 
tmcbcnl regime, 7 cumupc ann 1 contain. mac 
mic pacnae. POUT> ponae mopxuup epc. 

]ct. lanain.. CCnno T>ommi 7>ccc. 
mac Consufa, pynnncepf "Doimbacc, 
etosoD la muricha-D DO -oriuim m-o eic co n-Oib 
m cuaifci|ic. Concobaji co n-Oib "Neill m 
anT)6f , 7 co taigmB, -oonec T>euf eof f epapauir; peyi fmam 
magnam po^ennam. Cufcancm mac Pe^ufa, yiex 




pei'olimi'D mac Cfiemsain acceptc 



Jet. lanaip. CCnno T>ommi T)ccc. xx. Cpunnmael 
mac Oopain, abbap Cluana ipaipiyo, obnr. Coh^ulp 
p,ex 8axonum mopicup. Opggan ecin, o senncib ; ppaeT) 
mop. -01 mnaitS -DO bpiD app. Ceannpaela-o mac 
Kumam, pcpiba eu epipcopup et; ancopit:a, abb CCco 
T)0pmiuic. SlogaT) la Concobup mac n-T)onn- 



1 Daimliag. Daleek, co. Heath. 

2 J)isert-Ternoc. The "desert," or 
hermitage, of Terndc. In the Martyr, 
of Donegal, at Feb 8, there is men- 
tion of Ternocc, an anchorite, whose 
place was on the west of the river 
Barrow. But the exact situation is 
not indicated. 

3 Son of Fergus. The Four Mast. 
(at A.D. 817) have mac Pejigaile 
(" son of Tergal.") 

*Cul\ i.e. Fir-(orFera-)Cul; other- 
wise called Fera-Cul-Bregh, a terri- 
tory anciently comprising the barony 
of Kells, co. Meath. See note *, p. 
202 supra, and O'Donovan's Ann. 
F. M., A.D. 693, note p. 

8 Whitsuntide in Ard-Macha. 
Illucae (literally 



" Whitsuntide of Armagh "). This 
entry is not found in the other Annals ; 
not certainly in the Ann. of the Four 
Masters, the compilers ef which stu- 
diously suppress notices of events 
calculated to reflect, in their opinion, 
on the character of churchmen. 

'Elevation of a shrine. cticbcnl 
ferine. Some Whitsuntide cere- 
mony, or procession, at Armagh, of 
which no notice occurs elsewhere, as 
far as the Editor is aware. 

7 Fothud of Fothan. Fothud (or 
Fothad) of Fahan, in the barony of 
Inishowen, co. Donegal. See note * 
p. 289, supra. 

8 Daimliag. Duleek, co. Meath. 

9 Murchadh; i.e. Murchadh son of 
Maelduiu, King of Cinel-Eoghain, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



313 






Ailill, abbot of Daimliag, 1 and Muiredhach son of Crunn- 
mael, abbot of Disert-Tern6c,' died. Congalach, son of 
Fergus, 8 King of Cul, 4 died. Whitsuntide in Ard-Macha' 
without celebration, and without the elevation of a 
shrine ; 8 and a disturbance there, in which the son of 
Echaid, son of Fiachna, was killed. Fothud of Fothan 7 
died. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 819. Dalach, son of Congus, abbot of C 819 -3 
Damliag, 8 ' died. A hosting by Murchadh 9 to Druim- 
ind-eich, 10 with the Ui-Neill of the North. Conchobar 11 
[came] from the South, with the Ui-Neill of the South, 
and the Leinstermen, until God separated them by His 
great power. Custantin, son of Fergus, King of For- 
trenn, 12 died. Maeltuile, abbot of Bennchair, rested. 
Fedhlimidh, son of Creinthan, obtained the kingdom of 
CasheL 

KaL Jan. A.D. 820. Crunnmael son of Odhran, abbot [820.] 
of Cluain-Iraird, died. Comulf, 18 King of the Saxons, 
died. Plundering of Etar, 14 by Gentiles ; a great jarey 
of women bein^ taken therefrom. Cennfaeladh son of 
, and anchorite of Ath-truim, 16 ' fell 



asleep.' A hosting by Conchobar 18 son of Donnchad to 



y 



10 Druim-ind-eich. The " ridge 
(or back) of the horse." O'Donovan 
suggests (Four Mast., A.D. 818, note 
x), [that this is probably the place 
called Drimnagh, near Dublin. 

11 Conchobar. King of Ireland at 
the time. 

11 Fortrenn Pictland. See note ', 
p. 118 supra. 

18 Comulf. This name may be also 
read comutp, as Dr. O'Conor prints 
it from MS., B. The person whose 
' moritur ' is here recorded was 
evidently Cenwulf, King of the Mer- 
cians, whose obit is entered in the 
Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the year 819, 
and who was succeeded by his brother 



Ceolwulf . See Lappenberg's History 
of England, Vol. I., p. 291. 

14 .Etar. This was the ancient 
name of the peninsula of Howth, to 
the N.E. of Dublin. The Hill of 
Howth is still called Benn-Etair, the 
"summit of Etar," by those who 
speak the native language. Dr. 
O'Conor represents ofiggan dnp, 
by Orggan e tir, which he most 
inaccurately translates "Devastatio 
Regni." 

Ath-truim. The "Ford of the 
Elder-tree." Trim, on the Boyne, in 
the county of Meath. 

14 Conchobar King of Ireland. 
O'Flaherty refers the commencement 



314 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDTl. 



v 



chcroa co h-ctfvo aca-o Sleibe pumc. Uapcacio net 
n-CCipep copice Otfiam fflacae. 

Jet. 1cmaifi. CCnno -oomini -occc. ocx. i. flflacpia|oil 
nepop TYla^leni, pcpiba er; epipcopup, abbap bipop, 
peptic. CCig anaicenra, 7 ptipepec mna mtnpe 7 
mna loca 7 mna aibni, co fiuc^ca stxaige 7 en 7 v eT> ~ 
man ia|imai6. SloigeT) la tnufica-D mac TTlaileT)Uin 
co peyiaib inp jgocli copici aip,T) m-b|iecan. 
icifium ^DC^ -pe|iaibO|ie5 ctuce .1. "Diafunqicjrnac 
co fil CCefta ftane, co fiusialtfat; ic T>fitiim 



Tn-ofieT) -peyi m-bfie la Concobap. mac 
n-'Oonnca-oa, com>en > i p & ecc ^ucclaiu. 1nT)fxeT) oeifcein-'o 
Ofieg leif aiceyiyiac m (Calemjif Nouernbpif, co con.caip. 
flu 05 T>imofi leiff T>e pepaib -oeifceiyic byieg, 7 co fiu 
pallfaT; htn Cefinai ayi eicm. TTloti 
Foi.386a. abbacif CCcai-o bo Camnij. Cumufcac mac 
p,ex aip-oe Ciannachca, ni^ulacuf efc la 
belli! m "Cafibp mcep. Conacca muicem. "Mepocep 
bpium ppofcpaci punr:, plupimi nobilep m^eppecci 
punc ejiga T>ucep, i-o epc, "DunchaT) mac TYlomai^ ec 
Sopmgal mac 'OuncaDO. "Mepocep TTIam uiccopep 
epanc, ec "Diapmaic mac 'Gomabcaig. ^cpagep uipopum 



of Conchobar's reign to the year 819. 
Ogygia } p. 433. His death is recorded 
under the year 832 infra. 

1 Ard-achadh of Sliabh Fuaid. 
The name Ard-achadh would be An- 
glicised ' High-field.' Sliabh-Fuaid, 
the 'Hill of Fuad,' was the ancient 
name of a hill near the town of New- 
town-Hainilton, in the county of 
Armagh, according to O'Donovan. 
Four Mast., A.D. 819, note b. 

Airthera. See note T , p. 282, 
supra. 

3 Macriaghoil. Supposed to be the 
scribe of the beautiful copy of the 
Gospels known as the Gospels of 



MacRegol, preserved in the Bodleian 
Library, Oxford. See O'Conor'sPro- 
ley. ad Armales, Part IL, p. cxlii. 

*Murchadh. Chief of Cinel- 
Eoghain. 

6 Ard Brecain. Ardbraccan, co. 
Meath. 

6 Druim-Ferguso. The " Ridge 
(or Long Hill) of Fergus." The 
situation of this place is not known at 
present. 

7 At Gualat. ecc guaUnc. The 
situation of Gualat has not been 
identified. 

8 Ui-Cernaiffh; Le. the "descen- 
dants of Cernach." A branch of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



315 



Ard-achadh of Sliabh-Fuaid. 1 Devastation of the Air- 
thera* as far as Emhain-Macha. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 821. Macriaghoil 8 Ua Magleni, a scribe 
and bishop, abbot of Biror, died. Unusual -freet ; and 
the seas, and lakes, and rivers were frozen, so that 
droves, and cattle, and burdens, could be conveyed over 
them. A hosting by Murchadh 4 son of Maelduin, with the 
men of the North, as far as Ard-Brecain. 6 The men of 
Bregh thereupon went secretly to him, viz., Diarmait 
son of Niall, with the race of Aedh Slane, and gave 
hostages to Murchadh at Druim-Ferguso. 8 The plunder- 
ing of the men of Bregh by Conchobar, 4 son of Donn- 
chadh, when he rested at Gualat. 7 The plundering of 
the South of Bregh by him again, on the Kalends of 
November, when a great multitude of the men of South 
Bregh were slain by him, and the Ui-Cernaigh 8 sub- 
mitted through compulsion. Death of Forbasach, abbot 
of Achadh-b6-Cainnigh. 9 Cumuscach son of Tuathal, 
King of Ard-Cianachta, 10 was slain by Murchadh." The 
battle of Tarbga among the Connaughtmen themselves. 
The Ui-Briuin were overthrown ; a great many nobles 
were slain opposite 12 their leaders, viz., Dunchadh son of 
Moenach, and Gormgal son of Dunchadh. The Ui- 
Maini were victors, and Diarmait 18 son of Tomaltach. A 
slaughter of the men of Breifne, opposite 18 their King, 



[821.] 



V^^ 

*3? 



powerful sept of Sil-Aedha Slane or 
" Race of Aedh Slane " (see under A.D. 
603 pro), who derived their tribe- 
name from Cernach (ob. A.D. 663 
supra), son of Diarmait, son of Aedh 
Slaue (King of Ireland). 

'Achadh-M-Cainniffh. The "Field 
of (St.) Cainnech's cows." Now 
Aghaboe, in the parish of the same 
name, Queen's county. 

10 Ard-Cianachta. See note ", p. 
137 ttipra. 



u Murchadh. Murchadh son of 
Maelduin, chief of the Cinel-Eoghmn ; 
referred to in the 3rd entry for this year. 

12 Opposite. efiga, B. efvgo, A. 

11 Diarmait son of Tomaltach. His 
obit is given at the year 832 infra, 
where he is described as King of Con- 
naught Bat in the list of Kings of 
that province, contained in the Book 
of Leinster (p. 41, col. 1) where the 
name of Diarmait occurs nest after 
that of Muirghis son of Tomaltach 



316 



OCMMCClOC tllCCOll. 






fc 



^< bpeibne epga pe^em ptitim, i-o epc, TTlaeVotnn mac 
Gcugaile, la cenel pei'oilmco. ftomiwo pop pipti aipT)e 
Ciannachca ^e~^um~upcac" mac Con^alaig, tibi ceci- 
t>epunc 67>tip mac "dsepnais ec alu mulci. 6cti 
nepop tJuacail, ancopira ec epipcopup, abbap tujmaiT), 
oopmiuic. ftoimu-D pe n-oaib ^T 1 ^^ 111 1 Cuipcmu ^ 
pellu pop T)elbnai. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomini -occc. xx. 11. "Oepmaic 
mac "DonnchaT>a, abbap Roipp_ ec, obnc. 
mac THaelecoli, abbap Cille achaiT), 

' ^ nupac I/oca cenT)in, epipcopup ec ancopica, 

Con am?; mac Congail, pecc 'Cecbae, mopicup. Lex 

v/ pacpicii -pop TTlumam la "peiT>lime mac Cpemcarn7 
ec la hCCpcpil mac Concobaip (.1. eppcop ap-o TTIaca)- 
Ronan abbap cluana mic Moip peliquic ppmcipacum 
ptium. CCcpi -DO tienurn T>O TTlupca-o mac TYlaeleJoum, 
la Niall mac CCe'DO 7 la cenel n-Gugam. 5 ennci ^ e r 
benncup mop. ^almne na m bpecan 



(ob. 814 supra), his father's name is 
stated to have been Tadc, who was 
the father of Tomaltach, father of 
Muirgis. From which it would appear 
that Diarmait was the uncle of Muir- 
gis, his predecessor in the kingship of 
Connaught. 

1 Ard-Cianackta, See note u , p. 
137 supra. 

2 Euchu. This name is written 
Eocha by the Four Mast, (A.D. 820). 

3 Anchorite. cmcoyvfuca, A. 

4 Lughmadh. Louth, in the county 
of Louth. 

8 Ciiircni. A tribe descended from 
Gore, son of Lugaid, King of Minister 
in the 5th century ; which gave name 
to the district of Cuircne, now repre- 
sented by the barony of Kilkenny 
West, co. Westmeath, and was for 
some centuries known as "Dillon's 
Country.'' 



6 Fella.- -A. tribe inhabiting a 
territory bordering on the expansion 
of the Shannon called Loch-Bee, 
probably on the western side of the 
lake. O'Donovan identifies the terri- 
tory of the Fella with Tuath-n-Ella. 
Four Masters, A.D. 927, note e. 

7 Delbhna. The people here refer- 
red to were evidently that branch ef 
the great tribe of the Delbhna (des- 
cended from Lugaidh Delbhaedh, son 
of Gas, ancestor of the Dal-Cais of 
Thomond), which occupied, and gave 
name to, the territory of Delbhna- 
mor, now the barony of Delvin, co. 
Westmeath. 

8 Loch-Cendin. This name is now 
corruptly represented by " Lough- 
Kinn," the name of a lake near 
Abbeylara.in the county of Longford. 

9 Tethba. A territory comprising 
the most of the eastern part of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



317 



i.e. Maelduin son of Echtgal, by the Cinel-Feidhilmtho. 
A victory over the men of Ard-Cianachta, 1 by Cumus- 
cach son of Congalach, in which fell Eudus son of Tiger- 
nach, and a great many others. Euchu 2 Ua Tuathail, 
an anchorite 8 and bishop, abbot of Lughmadh, 4 'fell 
asleep.' A victory by the Ui-Garbhain, and the Cuircni, 8 
and the Fella, 8 over the Delbhna. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 822. Dermait, son of Donnchad, 
abbot of Ross-ech, died. Dubhdacrich, son of Maeltoli, 
abbot of Cill-achaidh, ' fell asleep.' Sechnasach of Loch- 
Cendin, 8 a bishop and anchorite, rested. Conaing son 
of Congal, King of Tethba, 9 died. The ' Law ' of Patrick 10 
[established] over Munster by Feidhlimidh 11 son of 
Crimthan, and by Artri son of Conchobar (i.e., bishop 18 of 
Ard-Macha).^ Ronan, abbot of Cluain-mic-Nois, resigned 
his government. Murchadh, son of Maelduin, was 



deposed 18 by Niall 1 *, son of Aedh. and the Cinel-Eoghaiiw 
Tfie Gentiles invaded Bennchair the Great". Gailinne 16 



[822.] 



county of Longford, and the western 
half of the co. Westmeath. It 
was divided by the River Inny into 
North and South Tethba (or Teffia). 
According to the Tain bo Cualnge 
story in Lebor na hUidre (p. 57, a), 
Granard (in the present county of 
Longford) was in Tethba tuascirt, or 
Northern Teffia. See O'Donovan's 
ed. of O'Dubhagain, note 85 . 

104 Law' of Patrick See note ', p. 
284 supra. 

11 Feidlimidh King of Munster. 

His obit is given at A.D. 846 infra. 

12 Bishop. See under the year 817 
supra, where Artri is described as 
airchinnech of Armagh. The original 
of this clause, which is not in B., is 
added in a/, man. in A. In the entry 
recording his death at the year 832 
infra, Artri ia described as " abbot " 
of Armagh. 



13 Mwchadh . . . was deposed. 
The original is crtfii TO oentini 
do TT)uftcaT>; lit "an ex-king was 
made of Murchadh." 

14 Niall Niall Caille, son of Aedh 
Oirdnidhe- The beginning of his reign 
as King of Ireland is recorde 1 at the 
year 832 infra. 

15 Bennchair the Great. Bangor, in 
the co. Down. 

16 Gailinne. Now Gallen, in the 
barony of Garrycastle, King's county. 
The church, or monastery, was called 
" Gailinne namBretan ("Gailinne of 
the Britons ") from a tradition which 
attributed its foundation to a Saint 
Mochondg, son of a king of Britain 
(or Wales). See Mart. Donegal, at 
Dec. 19, and Shearman's Loca Patri- 
ciana, p. 15G. Dr. 0' Conor blunders 
greatly (note *, Rer. Hib. Script, 
VoL IV., p. 204) in thinking 



318 



CCMMCClOC UlOTOtl. 



eacupcum efc o Pei-olimci-o, cum coca habicacione 
X ec cum onaconio. Ten e -01 mm pofifa pyiujn-abba'5 
i n-afvoT> TYlacae, cowofioloifcc. 

jet. lanaifi. CCnno T>omini T)ccc.xx. iii. Niall mac 
Pefigufa -DUX nepocum poninT>ain monicufi. 
benncaifi ac aijinu o ^encitS, 7 cofcn.a-5 a 
y( 7 yieilgi Com^aill DO cfiocaT) af a 



*0o -oeoin 



ina 



mo cnama cen qxon 
benncofi baja 



bellum 
ec 
magna ex 



betlum inseji ui[iof Tecbae muicem, IT> 
pim>ub|iac, in quo ceci-oepunr; CCe-o mac 
aln mulci. Roff Commain eacufcum 
pa|ice. bellum innefi Connacca muicem, m quo ceci- 
oepunc pluyuini. belliolum mceji T)unchaT> 
Cumurcac -ouof fie^ef Ciannachcae, in quo 
incefipecci ftint;. T)uncha-o inccofi puic; Cumufcac 
FoL38W. etia^c. BochaiT) mac OpeffonU T 11 "oat CC|iaiT)e m 
lugulcrcuf efc a fociif f ui f- Spelan mac 
, |iex Conaille TTluipcemm, 
a gencibup jiapcuf efu, ec ciuo 
pame ec fim. 

jet. lanaif.. CCnno -oommi 7>ccc. ccx. 1111. Cuanu 
tu^mai-D, fapienp ec epifcopuf, -oojimiuin. "Diapmaic 
huae CCe-oa |ioin, ancotura et: n-ebgiomf T>occofi 



"Gailinae" the same as " Gallovigia " 
(or Galloway). 

1 Burned. exctf cu tn , apparently 
corrected to exufcum , A. ; exTiauf- 
ctirn, B. The Chron. Scot., which 
has a corresponding entry at A.D. 823 
(the correct year), has exufciiTn. 

2 Fedhlimidh.--'K.ing of Munster. 
His obit is given at A.D. 846 infra. 

* Bennchair, Bangor, in the co. 
Down. 



4 True The original of these lines, 
not in MS. B., is in the lower 
margin of fol. 386 in A., with a mark 
to signify the place where it should 
be introduced into the text It is 
stated in the Ann. Four Mast, at 
A.D. 822, that the composer was Saint 
Comghall himself. 

8 Oentrobh. Antrim, in the county 
of Antrim. 






ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



319 



[823.J 






of the Britons was burned 1 by Fedhlimidh, 9 with all its 
dwelling-place, and with the oratory. Fire from heaven 
fell on the Abbot's mansion in Ard-Macha, and burned it. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 823. Niall son of Fergus, chief of 
the Ui-Forindain, died. The plundering of Bennchair 8 in 
the Ards, by Foreigners, and the spoiling of its oratory; \ 
and the relics of Comghall were shaken out of their shriue^J 

'Twill be true, true, 4 

By the will of the supreme King of Kings, 
My stainless bones shall be taken 
From beloved Bennchair to Oentrobh.* 

A battle among the men 'of Tethba 6 themselves, i.e. the 
battle of Finnabhair, 7 in which Aedh son of Fogartach, 
and many others, were slain. Ros-Comain was in great 
part burned. A battle among the Connaughtmen them- 
selves, wherein a great many were slain. A battle 
between Dunchad and Cumuscach, two Kings of Cian- 
achta, in which many persons were slain. Dunchad was 
victor ; Cumuscach escaped. 8 Eochaid son of Bressal, 
King of Dal-Araidhe of the North, was killed by his 
confederates. 10 Spelan son of Sloghadhach, King of 
Conaille-Muirthemne, died. Etgal of Scelig 11 was carried 
off by Gentiles, and died soon after of hunger and 
thirst. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 824. Cuanu of Lughmadh, a wise [3241 
man and bishop, ' fell asleep.' Diarmait, grandson of 
Aedh Roin, anchorite 18 and doctor of religion of all 



6 Tethba. See note under the 
year 822. 

7 Finnabhair. Fennor, in the 
parish of Rathconnell, co. West- 
meath. 

8 Escaped. euafpv, A. eua- 
r c, B. 

9 Eochaid. See Book of Leinster, 
p. 41, col. 5. 



10 By his confederate. 
, A. 

11 Scelig ; or SceUg-Michil ("St. 
Michael's Scelig "). The " Great 
Skellig " island, off the south-west 
coast of the county of Kerry. See 
Todd's Cogadh Gaedhel re GaUaibh 
(Introcl.), p. xxxviii, note l , and p. 
228, note '. 

Anchorite. ancojxico, B. 



320 



ccNNcclcc tilcroti. 



y 



tlibepmae, obnc; ec Ctnmnec abbap 
CCe-ocm abbap 'Gamlaccae, plannabpa ppmcepp 
bile mopitmcup. Colman pimp Cdlello, abbap 8lane 
et aliapum ciuiTxrcum in ppancia ec in tlibepnia, 
pepuc. t?epsal mac Capannai%, peac loca Hiac, 
mopicup. YTlaelbpepail mac CCilello Cobo, peoc T>al 
CCpai-oe, mofiirufi. TYla^na pefdlenna in 
infola femo|nbuf ec puepif ec mpyimi 
ec T>epecr;io panif. Oen^uf mac TTlaele-otnn |ieoc toca 
jabop, mofiitufi. 8lac "Dtun le^laifi 7>u genncib. 
iofcuc TYlai^i bile cona -oefiThsib o senciB. Hoiniu-S 
imTT1ai imp fie.n-tllraiB poyi jentJib, m quo cecn>ep.- 
uni: pluynmi. RoiniU'opo|i Ofpaigi fie n-^ennciB. plan*o 
mac 1pop.ceallai5, abbap Lip moip, m pace T>ofimiuic. 
Lex Partiicii yon i/eopa Connacca la CCp.cp.i5 mac 
Concobaiji (.1. epifcopup ayi-o TTlaca). Opgain mnfi 
T)aimle o genncib. "pallomon mac pogepcaic lugul- 
acup epc a ppacpe puo qui nominacup Ceallac. 
TTlap,r|ie Olaimicc mic plainn o genncib m hi Coluim 
Cille. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oommi -occc. xx. u. T)iapmaic 
mac Neitl, p-ex T>eipcepc bpe|, mopicup. "Mmll mac 
T)iapmaca, pex TTliT>e [obnc]. Hflac lomspig, abbap 



1 Of all Ireland. cociup tli- 
B. 

ile. See note 8 , p. 80 
supra. 

3 Pestilence. pepcitencm, B. 
This entry is more briefly given in 
B.,thus: Tnagna pepcilencia m 
hibevinm, 7 magnet pamep panip. 

4 Loch-G 'abhor. See note r , p. 263 
supra. 

5 Dun-lethglaise. Downpatrick, in 
the present county of Down. 

6 Over Gentiles. pop, gennci, A. 
pop, gencib, B. 

7 The ' Law ' of Patrick. See note 
'', p. 281 supra. 



8 Three divisions of Connaught. 
See note I3 , p. 269 supra. 

9 Artri. See above under the year 
817, where Artri is described as 
aifichmnech ("herenagh") of Ar- 



10 Bishop. The original of this 
clause, which is not in B., is added in 
al. man. in A., over the name Artri. 

11 Inis-Daimhk. The situation of 
this island has not been satisfactorily 
identified. The Martyr, of Donegal, 
at July 4, states that it was between 
Ui-Cennselaigh [the co. Wexford] 
and the Deisi [the baronies of Decies 
in the south of the co Waterford.] 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



321 



.Ireland, 1 died ; and Cuimnech abbot of Finnglaia, 
Aedhan abbot of Tamlacht, Flannabra abbot of Magh- 
Bile, 8 died. Colman son of Ailill, abbot of Slane, and of 
other churches in France and Ireland, died. Fergal son 
of Cathrannach, King of Loch-riach, died. Maelbresail, 
son of Ailill of Cobha, King Dal-Araidhe, died. A great 
pestilence 8 in the island of Ireland among the old people, 
children, and infirm; a great famine and failure of bread. 
Oenghus son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Gabhor, 4 died. 
Plundering of Dun-lethglaise 5 by Gentiles^ Burning of 
Magh-Bile, with its oratories, by Gentiles. A victory in 
Magh-inis by the Ulidians over Gentiles, 8 in which a great 
many were slain. A victory over the Osraighi by Gen- 
tiles. Fland son of Forcellach, abbot of Lis-mor, slept 
in peace. The 'Law' of Patrick 7 [was promulgated] over 
the three divisions of Connaught, 8 by Artri 9 son of Con- 
chobar (i.e. bishop 10 of Ard-Macha). Plundering of Inis- 
Daimhle" by Gentiles. Falloman, son of Fogartach, was 
slain by his brother, who was named Cellach. Martyr- 
dom of Blamacc, 12 son of Flann, by Gentiles, in I-Coluim- 
Cille. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 825. Diarmait, son of Niall, King of 
the South of Bregh, died. Niall, 18 son of Diarmait, King of 
Midhe, [died]. MacLoingsigh, 14 abbot of Ard-Macha, died 



Dr. Todd (Cogadh Gaedhel re Galr 
laibh, In trod., p. xxxvii., note 2 ), 
would identify it with Little Island 
in the river Suir, near Waterford. 
See O'Donovan's Four Masters, Index 
Locoruin, sub voce; and Chron. 
Scotortim (ed. Hennessy), p. 130, note 4 . 

12 Blamacc. The proper form of 
the name is " Blathmac." See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 389, note y. 

w Niall In the list of the Kings 
of Uisnech [i.e. of MeathJ contained 
in the Book of Leinster, p. 42, col. 
1, Niall is stated to have been the son 
of Diarmait son of Airmedacb, and 



to have been slain by his successor, 
Muridach son of Domnall, after a 
reign of seven years. 

14 MacLoingsigh ; "son of Loing- 
sech". The Four Mast, (at A.D. 825) 
give his proper name as " Flannghus." 
The Chron. Scotorvm (at 823) has 
" Fergus,'' which is probably incor- 
rect. It is worth remarking that the 
name " MacLoingsigh " does not 
appear in the list of the Comarbi 
(or successors) of Patrick in the Book 
of Leintttr, p. 42, though it is in 
other ancient lists. See Todd's 8t. 
Patrick, pp. 177-182 



[826.] 



322 



OCMMCCtCC UlCCOtl. 



flflacae, in pace obnc. CCpc mac "Oiapmaca, 
pex "Cecbae, pe|i T>olum lugulacup epc. Clemenp 
epipcopup, abbap Cluana ipaip-o-o, pelicicep uicam 
pinuns. CC^omnae mop pop hCpim) n-uile .1. pobu-5 
plaige o mac lellaen DI TTlumae. Tnael-ouin mac 
5on,maile, pex nepocum TTlenc, m clepicacu obnc. 
Foi. 39aa. lopcai) beicpe la pei'olimi^, plogaT) TTluman occo. 
\ 5 U1T1 CCp^Pc mic TTIuipgepa. pi^ "Ce^bae. Lex "Dapi 
co Connacca icepum. Uunel ppincepp ec 
cluana pepca bpenam-o mopicup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T)ccc. xx. ui. 
ppincepp "Camlaccae -oopmiuic. Sapuja-o Gugam i 
n-ap-DD TTlacae, la Cumupcac mac Cacail j la CCprpig 
mac Concobaip. Opggan Lupcan T>O genncib ~j a 
lopca-o, -j innpea-5 Ciannachca copici occap n-Ugan, 
j opgan ^all m-o CCipfrp olcena. bellum Letci caim 
pe Miall mac CCe-oa, -pop htl Cpemcam, 7 pop 
TTluipe'Dac mac Gac-oac pig n-tlla, m quo ceci-oepunr; 
Cumupcac 7 Congalac T>UO plii Cacail, ec aln 
mulci -Dinai6 CCippallaib'. Copcpax> omaig 



1 Fears. aT>omnae. This rare 
form seems comp. of ad, an intensive 
particle (=aith, ath\ and omna, plur. 
of oman, "fear." 

*By. o, omitted in B. 

3 Mac lellaen. "Mac Fellaen," 
Clar. 49. O'Conor prints " dictae 
Jellame" which is very incorrect. 
Nothing is known at present of this 
prophet. 

4 Of Munster. -01 TTltimae, A. ; 
01 rntumae, B. O'Conor wrongly 
prints di muniea. 

5 Bethra ; Le. Dealbhna-Bethra, 
otherwise Dealbhna-Eihra, & district 
comprising the present barony of 
Garrycastle, in the King's county, 
with the exception of the parish of 
Lusmagh, which belonged to the 



neighbouring territory of the Sil- 
Amnchada (or O'Maddens), on the 
Connaught side of the Shannon. 

6 ' Law ' ofDari. See above under 
the year 811. 

7 Ruthnel. O'Conor inaccurately 
prints this name BathnelL The Four 
Mast. (A.D. 824) write it " Kuthmael." 

8 Cluain-ferta-Brenaind. " Clon- 
fert of Brendan ;" Clonfert, in the 
barony of Longford, co. Galway. 

9 Abbot. pfunncepf , A. 

10 Eoghan Eoghan ' Mainistrech.' 
His name appears hi the list of comarbs 
(or successors) of St. Patrick, in the 
Book of Leinster (p. 42, col. 4), 
where he is stated to have been also 
the successor of St. Finnian, and of St. 
Buti (of Monasterboice). In this list 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



323 



in peace. Art, son of Diarmait, King of Tethba, was slain 
through treachery. Clemens, a bishop, abbot of Cluain- 
Iraird, ended life happily. Great fears 1 throughout all 
Ireland, viz., a forewarning of a plague by 9 Mac lellaen 8 
of Munster.* Maelduin, son of Gormghal, King of Ui- 
Meith, died in religion. Burning of Bethra 6 by Feidlimidh ; 
the army of Munster being with him. The killing of 
Artri, son of Muirghes, King of Tethba. The ' Law 'of 
Dari 6 [proclaimed] to the Comiaughtmen again. Ruthnel, 7 
abbot and bishop of Cluain-ferta-Brenaind, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 826. Echtgus, abbot 9 of Tamlacht, 
' fell asleep.' Dishonouring of Eoghan 10 in Ard-Macha, 
by Cumuscach,son of Cathal, and Artri 11 son of Conchobar. 
The plundering and burning of Lusca by Gentiles ; and 
the devastation of Cianachta as far as Uactar-Ugan ; and 
the plundering of all the Foreigners of the East. 18 The 
battle of Lethi-cam 18 by Niall, son of Aedh, over the 
Ui-Crimthain, and over Muiredach son of Echaid, King 
of the Ulaid, in which fell Cumuscach and Congalach, two 
sons of Cathal, and many other kings of the Airghialla. 
The destruction of the fair of Tailltiu, 1 * against the 



L / 
&*' 



[826.] 



the name of Eoghan (whose term of 
government is set down as eight years) 
is placed after that of Artri son of 
Conchobar (see at the year 822) ) 
who is stated in the above entry to 
have assisted in " dishonouring '* 
Eoghan. The account of this event 
in the Ann. Four Matt, (at A.D. 825), 
and in the Cftron. Scotorum (at 827), 
is much fuller than that above given. 
There is much confusion regarding these 
ecclesiastics. The death of Artri (whose 
rule as abbot of Armagh lasted only two 
years, according to the list in the Book 
of Leinster) is entered at the year 
832 infra ; and that of Eoghan at the 
year 838. See Harris's Ware, VoL I., 



pp. 43-45 ; O'Donovan's Four Mast., 
A.D, 825, note z, and 832, note s.' 

11 Artri. See last note. 

12 Foreigners of the East, Le., the 
Guill (or Foreigners) of the eastern 
part of Heath. 

"Lethi-Cam. In the Ann. F. M. 
(A.D. 825), and in the Chron, Scotorum 
(A.D. 827), Lethi-Cam is stated to 
have been in Magh-Enir, a plain 
which included Kilmore (Cill-mor- 
Enir), a place a few miles to the east 
of the city of Armagh. See note *, 
236 supra. 

UFair of Tailltiu The fair, or 
public games, celebrated annually at 
Teltown (Tailltiu), in the co. Meath 
Y2 



324 



cctiNcclcc utcroti. 



i 



b. 



Fol. Bdab. 



pop 5aileti<f;ait5 la Concobap mac nT)onnchaT>a, m quo 
ceciT>eptmc mtilci. Copcpai) oenaig Colmavn la TYltnpe- 
fcac pop tai^nm 7>ep5abaip, in quo cecroeptmr; plupimi. 
TYloenac mac Cptmnmail, pecnap pep Roip, moprtitip 
epc. CCbmep abbap Cille aciT) i)opmitiic. Copcpa-o 
ounai-B Laien T>O ^enciB, ubi ceciT)6|\tinc Conall mac 
Concon^alc, fieoc na "Poifictiar, &c alii innmifiabilef. 
Hi^al occ bi|itiaib ici|i 'Pei'olimi'b 7 Concobaiji. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomim T>CCC. ccx. un. 
mac "Dia^nmaca, |ii TTecBae, inrefipeccuF efr. 
cac mac Caafai pp.mcepf cluana moe|i 
TYltnficiu abbaf T)tiom[a] m afclamT), Clemenf abbaf 
linne T)u[a]cail, T)0|imie^tinc. THuca|i map -01 muccaitS 
mopa m aipep n-apT)7)ae Ciannacca o ^allaiB, 7 
maprpe Temnen ancopac. ^ U1n Cinae-oa mic Cumup- 
cai|, pi ap-oae Ciannaccae, o gallaiB, 7 lopccrb Lamne 
leipe CluanamoeposallaiB. Cacpome'5 pe teclaBap 
mac tom^pi^, pi T)al CCpai-oe, pop gennn. Capoine p 5 
aile pop ^ennn peCoipppi mac Caail,pi . tl . Ceinnpe- 
laif, 7 pe mtunncip n|e mturou. CCpTDeal^na hi pello. 

let. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CCC. xx um. THuipeTiac 
mac RuaT>pac pi Lenten, CCe-b mac Ceallaig ppmcepp 
Cille T>apo, TDael-DobopcoTi abbap cille CCupaile, 



1 Conchobar. King of Ireland at 
the time. 

2 The Fair ofColman. O'Ponovan 
states that this Fair was held on the pre- 
sent Curragh of Kildare. Four Mast., 
A.D. 825, note 1, and 940 note r. 

*Muiredhach. Muiredhach, son of 
Ruaidhri, King of Leinster, whose 
obit, forms the first entry under the 
year 828 infra. 

* A great many. pliifiinii, A. 
tntitci, B. 

*Birra. Otherwise written Blror 
Birr (now generally known as Parsons- 
town), in the King's County. 



8 Fedhlimidh. King of Cashel (or 
Munster). 

7 Cluain-mor-Arda. Clonmore, a 
townland giving name to a parish, in 
the barony of Ferrard, co. Louth, 
which represents the name (and terri- 
tory) of the Fera-Arda-Cianaehta, 
or " men of Ard- Cianachta." 

8 Abbot. pfiinncepp, A. 

9 Ard- Cianachta. See note 7. 

10 Lann-kire Dunleer, co. Louth. 
See note 16 , p. 205 supra. This entry 
is not in B. 

" Tech-Munnu.-Ta.gb.mon, co. Wex- 
ford. 
12 In treachery. fa pello is a rude 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



325 



Gailenga, by Conchobar 1 son of Donnchad, in which a 
great many were slain. Destruction of the Fair of Col- 
man, 8 by Muiredhach, 3 against the South Leinstennen, 
in which a great many 4 were slain. Moenach son of 
Crunnmael, vice-abbot of Fera-Ros, died. Abnier, abbot 
of Cill-achaidh, ' fell asleep.' Destruction of the camp 
of the Leinstennen by Gentiles, where Conall son of 
Cuchongalt, King of the Fortuatha, and others innumer- 
able, were slain. A royal meeting at Birra, 5 between 
Fedhlimidh 8 and ( kmchobar, 1 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 827. Uatha, son of Diarmait, King of [827] BIS. 
Tethba, was slain. Robhartach, son of Cathasach, abbot 
of Cluain-mor-Arda ; 7 Muirchu, abbot 8 of Druim-Inas- 
claind, [and] Clemens, abbot of Linn-Duachail, 'fell 
asleep.' A great slaughter of sea-hogs on the coast of 
Ard-Cianachta, 9 by Foreigners ; and the martyrdom of 
Temhnen, anchorite. The killing of Cinaedh, son of 
Cumuscach, King of Ard-Cianachta, 9 by Foreigners; and 
the burning of Lann-leire 10 and Cluain-mor, 7 by 
Foreigners, A battle was gained by Lethlabhar son 
of Loingsech, King of Dal-Araidhe, over Gentiles. 
Another battle was gained over Gentiles by Coirpri, 
son of Cathal, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, and the 'family' 
of Tech-Munnu. 11 Slaughter of the Delbhna in treachery." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 828. Muiredach, 18 son of Kuadhri, King [828.] 
of Leinster ; Aedh son of Cellach, abbot 14 of Cill-dara ; 
Maeldoborchon, abbot of Cill-Au&aille ; ls Cinaedh son of 



way of representing, in Latin form, 
the Irish i peatl (" in treachery "). 
The ignorant so-called 'translator' of 
these Annals, whose version is con- 
tained in the MS. Clar. 49, in the 
British Museum, renders this entry 
thus: "The slaughter of the Del- 
vinians by murther or iu guilefull 
manner." 



13 Muiredach. See under the year 
826 supra, p. 324, note 3. 

14 Abbot. pfvinncepp, A. 

18 Cill-Ausaille. -The church of 
(St) Auxilius. Now Killashee, near 
Naas, in the co. Kildarc. See note *, 
p. 19 supra. 



326 



tiloroti. 



Cinae-o mac tKlugfioin fiex nepocum pail&i, Co|imac 
mac muifi5iunx> pfincepf SencfunB, Cembali mac 
Ptifnechca fii "Oelbna, TTlaelumai mac Ceiefinai% 
equonimuf pinmibriach, "Ofiucan mac TxxiT>5 \iex nepo- 
cum TYlei, omnef monstn func. 1 11511 tcrcio Conamg 
mic Ceallaig o 60015 mac Cefinaig, peji T>olurn. 
["Diafimaic abbap 1ae T>O T>ul a n-CClbain co mmnaib 
Coluim dlle, Hoine'D ?o\i ConnaOTa \ie pefiaitS 
m quo ceciT>e|iunc mulsi. 

let. lanaifi. CCnno -oomim -occc. ocx. ix. 
mac *OonnchaT>a |iex cetach mi-oe mo|iicuti. Cojimac 
mac 8utBne abbaf Ctuanaitiai|iT)T>,fcriibaec epifcopuf, 
in pace quietus. Cealtac mac Concacfiaise, ptuncepf 
CCci-o c|iimcain, mofiiruri. tofca-5 poi|ie la pei-Dlimi-D. 
poltoman mac "OonncaT>a lusularuf eft; a tnuiminen- 
pbuf. Cumbae htlae mbpium in T>eifci|VGla pemU 
1ofep mac Neccain abbaf fioiff Com main 

mac bo-obco-Da, |iex ^enetiif ptn Oficae, 



l Sentrebh. Lit. ''old habitation." 
Now Santry, a village a few miles to 
the N. of the city of Dublin. 

2 DeMna. The Four Mast. (A.D. 
827) write Delhhna Beathraj the old 
name of the district now represented 
by the barony of Garrycastle, in the 
King's County. 

3 Steward. equomrnup (for oeco- 
TiOTritir 1 ), A. B. The Four Mast- 
(A.D. 827) write pfiioifi, "Prior." 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 365. 

4 Finnabhair. O'Donovan identi- 
fies this place with ''Fennor. near 
Slane, in the county of Meath." 
(Four Mast. , A.D. 827, note s.) ; but 
does not give his authority for the 
identification. There were many 
places called " Finnabhair." 

5 By Echaidh. o 66015, ^. o 
eocr.[aiT>], B. 



8 To Alba. a tiCClbam ; i.e. to 
Scotland. 

7 With the reliquaries. co mm- 
tmib,A.B. "With . . . reliques," 
Clar. 49. For the meaning of 
minna (plur. of minn, clat. minnaiU), 
see Reeves' Adamnan, p. 315, note r 

8 Victory. Roitie'6 (for^fioine-o), 
lit. "breaking," or " dispersion," A. 
Heine-o, B. 

9 Telach-Midhe. O'Donovan ex- 
plains this name by " Hill of Meath," 
which he would identify (Four Mast. 
A.D. 828, note w) with Tealach-ard, 
or Tullyard, near the town of Trim, 
in Meath. The name is corruptly 
written, as the proper genit. form of 
Telach-Midhe, should be Telcha (or 
Telaig)-Midhe. 

10 A chadh- Crimthain. ' ' Crimthan's 
Field." Not identified. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



327 



Mughron, King of Ui-Failghi ; Cormac son of Muirghis, 
abbot of Sentrebh j 1 Cerbhall son of Finsnechta, King of 
Delbhna; 8 Maelumai son of Ceithernach, steward 8 of 
Finnabhair, 4 and Drucan son of Tadhg, King of Ui-Meith 
all died. The killing of Conang, son of Cellach, by 
Echaidh 5 son of Cernach, by treachery. Diarmait, abbot 
of la, went to Alba, 6 with the reliquaries 7 of Colum-Cille. 
A victory 8 over the Connaughtmen by the men of Midhe, 
in which many were slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 829. Oengus, son of Donnchad, King 
of Telach-Midhe, 9 died. Cormac, son of Suibhne, abbot 
of Cluain-Iraird, a scribe and bishop, rested in peace. 
Cellach, son of Cucathraige, abbot of Achadh-Crimthain, 10 
died. Burning of Foir, 11 by Fedhlimidh. 18 Follomhan, 
son of Donnchadh, was slain by the Munstermen. Des- 
truction 18 of the Ui-Briuin of the South," by Fedhlimidh. 16 
Joseph, son 18 of Nechtan, abbot of Ros-Comain, rested. 
Finsnechta, 17 son of Bodhbchadh, King of Cinel-mic-Erca, 



CSSit 



[829. 



u Foir. Fobhar, or Fore, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

l - Fedhlimidh ; i.e Fedhlimidh, son 
of Crimthan, King of Cas v .el (or 
Munster). 

18 Dettrvction. Curnbae. This 
word, which is of rare occurrence by 
itself, is often met in composition 
with the particle aith (or atK), in 
old and modern Irish texts, in such 
forms as accuma (" wounding, lacer- 
ation;" O'Don. Suppl. to CPRielly), 
and aithchumbe (gl. " cauteria et 
combustiones," Ebel's ed. of Zeuss 
(p. 881). For Cumbcte (as in 
A.), MS. B. has Ctntnbae, which 
O'Conor wrongly translates " Con- 
ventio." 

" Ui-Briuin of the South, There 
were several septs in Connaught called 
' Ui-Briuin," who were descended 



from Brian, brother of Niall Nine- 
hostager. The "Ui-Briuin of the 
South " was, apparently, another name 
for the " Ui-Brinin-Seola," otherwise 
called " Muintir-Murchadha," who 
were seated in the barony of Clare, 
co. Galway. On the assumption of 
surnames by the Irish, the principal 
family of this tribe took the name 
of O'Flaherty, from an ancestor 
Flaithbhertach, who flourished 
'circa A.D. 970. See O'Flaherty's 
lar Connaught (Hardiman's ed.), 
p. 368. 

15 Fedhlimidh ; i.e. Fedhlimidh, the 
son of Crimthan, King of Munster, 
whose obit, is entered at the year 846 
infra. 

18 Son. mac. Omitted in B. 
17 Fintnechta. Pmechca, B. 



328 



ccMMccloc uloroti. 



[obnc]. 8tnbne mac popannan, abbap 7)tioptim rnen- 
pium i n-apivo TTlacae, obnc. 

Jet. lanaip. CCnno 7>omim T)ccc. acocx. "Oiapmaic 
DO ciachcam i n-h&pinT> co rrnmjaiB Column cille. 
TTltnpenn abacippa Cille 7>apa T)opmiuiT;. CCipmeTac 
ppmcepp TTlai5i bile -oimeppup epc. Cepnac mac 
t)tmcon, pcpiba ec papienp es pacep-oop aipT>T> TTlacae, 
paupatnc. Oenac TaiU;en "oo cumupc oc popa-baib im 
pcpin mic CuilinT) 7 im min-oa pasjiaicc, con-oi-o apra 
ib "oe. In-ofie-o Conaille T>O gennciB, conaixp^abaT) 
maelbfii5ci apyii, 7 Can an nan a bfiacaifi, 7 co pucca 
Foi. 396a. illonga. Cac -DO maTmaim 1 n-Cd^necaib p.e ^enncib, 
pop, mtnnnnp. n-aipT>T> TTlacae, conaipgabra pocai-oe 
mofia T>I ib. TTIopp *Ouncha-oa piln ConaingT pepp 
Cianaccae. Sapuga-D Ou^am mamipDpeach abbai-o 
aip7>T) TTlacae, hi poigaillnaig, la Concobap mac 
n-T)onnchaT)a, conaipgabta a mumncep 7 copuc^a a 
"pei-Dlimi-D mac Cpemcam co pluag TTlu^an 7 
DO ^ui-oechc 1 "Piambup T>O mnpiui) pep m-bpeg. 
In-ope-o Upi la Concobap. 



1 Suibhne, son of Forannan. 
Stubne mac IpaifMUg ("S. son of 
Fairnech"), in A. Called 'S. mac 
Pofiannan ("S. son of Forannan") 
in B. The name of this Suibhne 
does not occur in any of the ancient 
lists of the " Comarbs," or successors 
of St. Patrick. The Four Mast. 
however, in noticing his death under 
A.D. 829, agree with this Chronicle in 
stating that Suibhne was abbot of Ard- 
Macha for the space of two months. 

2 Diarmait. Abbot of Hi (or lona). 
See Reeves' Adamnan, pp. 315, 388. 
Another voyage of Diarmait, to Alba 
(or Scotland), is recorded above at the 
year 828. 

* Abbot, pfxinncepp, A. 
*Tailtiu. Teltown, co. Mea h 
See note n , p. 167 supra. 



5 Forads. In old Irish glossaries 
fora (or foradK) is explained by a 
"seat' or " bench " (i.e. the station) 
of the person who presided over an 
assembly, or celebration of national 
games. See O'Brien's Ir. Diet., voce 
tx>1fia; O'Curry's Mann, and Oust., 
I. ccxxxiii, and 3, 541, and Leabh. 
Gdbhala, p. 44. 

6 MacCuilind. Bishop of Lusk, in 
the county of Dublin. His obit is 
entered under the year 495 supra. 

7 Aighnecha. The plural form of 
Aighnech, which was probably the 
name of a district in the n.e. of the 
county of Louth, near Carlingford 
Lough (the ancient Irish name of 
which was Snamh-aignech." See 
Reeves Eccl. Antiqq., p. 252, note z). 
According to a statement in Lv.li. na 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



[died]. Suibhne, son of Forannan, 1 abbot for two months 
in Ard-Macha, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 830. Diarmait 8 came to Ireland, with 
the reliquaries of Colum-Cille. Muirenn, abbess of Cill- 
dara, 'fell asleep/ Airmedhach, abbot 8 of Magh-bile, 
was drowned. Cernach, son of Dunchu, scribe and wise 
man, and priest of Ard-Macha, rested. Disturbance of 
the fair of Tailtiu, 4 at the Forads, 6 about the shrine of 
MacCuilind 6 and the reliquaries of Patrick, and a great , 
many persons died thereof. The plundering of the \ 
Conailli by Gentiles ; and their King, Maelbrighte, and ^ 
his brother Canamian, were taken captive, and carried ' 
off in ships. A battle was gained in Aighnecha, 7 by~^ 
Gentiles, over the ' family ' of Ard-Macha, great numbers 
of whom were taken captive. Death of Dunchad, son 
of Conaing, 8 King of Cianachta. The dishonouring of 
Eogan Mainistrech, 9 abbot of Ard-Macha, in foigaillnaig, 
by Conchobar 11 son of Donnchad, when his ' family ' were 
made prisioners, and his herds were carried off. Fedh- 
limidh son of Crimthann, with the army of Munster and 
Leinster, came to Fiambur, 18 to plunder the men of Bregh. 
The plundering of Liphe by Conchobar. 11 



[830.] 



CS83I 



hUidre (p. 75 b) Fochaird (Faugh- 
ard in the barony of Lower Dundalk, 
co. Louth), remarkable as the birth- 
place of St. Bridget, and the scene 
of the death of Edward Bruce, in 
the year 1318, was anciently known 
by the name of Ard-Aignech. 

*Son of Conaing* flltl CoDOllt, 
corrected to pilii Conaing in A, 

9 Eogan Mainistrech. " Eogan of 
the Monastery " (i.e. Manistir-Buti, 
or Monasterboice, co. Louth). Eogan 
had been Lector of that Monastery. 
The entry of this incident in MS. B. 
is slightly inaccurate. Regarding the 
circumstances attending the elevation 
of Eogan from the Lectorship of 



Monasterboice to the Abbacy of Ar- 
magh, see Ann. Four Matt., at A.D. 
825, and Chron. Scot, at 827. 

"Infoigaillnaig. hi roigaillnais. 
This clause, which is probably cor- 
rupt, is unintelligible to the Editor. 
Dr. O'Conor renders it by " incur- 
sione nocturna." Rer. Hib. Script., 
Vol. IV., p. 208. The entry has 
been omitted by the Four Matt. 

11 Conchobar. King of Ireland. 

Fiambur. The Four Mattert, in 
the corresponding entry (A.D. 829), 
write ' Fionnabhair-Bregh ' (Fennor, 
near Slane, co. Meath), which is pro- 
bably correct In Clar. 49, the name 
is written " Finnuir." 



330 



CCMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 



b- let. lanaip. CCnno T>ommi T>CCC. xxx. i. Cfona 
opssam aip-ryo TYlacae o genncib po cpi in oen tfiip. 
Opggam TT)ucpnama7Lu5mai'6 7 Occ TYleic7 T)poma mic 
tibiae, 7 atanaile ceall. Opsgam "Duimliacc 7 pirn 
Ciannaccai cona cellaiB huiti6 o sennsitS. Opgabail 
CCitella mic Cotjen o sennsib. 'Cticrcal mac pepafcaic 
TJO bpeic TJO genncib, 7 fcyim CCDomnain, o T)omnuc 
magan. Op-s^ain paca tifiai 7 Conmfie o 

mac Oc-oac, fii -oat (Xtiaf5e m i;uaifci|ic, 
fc pefi 7>olum a -pocnf ftiif. Cinae-o mac 
, |iex Cualann, ec T)ia|imair mac HuaD|vac |iex 
Lipi, mo|xrui func. ConcoBa|i mac "DonnchaDa, 
fit Gjienn, mo^utif e^c. 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCnno Domini 'occc. axcx. n. CCficfii 
mac Concobaifi, abbaf aifi'DT) TYlacae, er Concoban. mac 
T)onnco'5a |iex "Cemfio, tmo menfe mo]ficui func. 
UuaiT)fii mac TYlaelepora^ais, leic |ii .h. Ctierncam, 
mofiicufx. "Miatl Cailli lae^nayie mcipic. Hoiniu-D fie 
Nialt 7 yie TTlu pica's pon. gatlu i n-r>ai|ie Calgai'b. Op-g- 
ctuana T)olcan o gennciB. Ccrcpoimti'D popmmnn- 
Citle 7>apo mna citl, pe Cealtac mac bpam, tibi 



l Kal.Jan __ The number '400' is 
written in the margin in A., to indi- 
cate that this was the 400th year 
from the beginning of Chronicle. 

*Mucsnamh. Mucknoe, co. Mon- 
aghan. 

8 Ui-Meith. Otherwise.called " Ui- 
Meith-Macha." For the situation 
and extent of this territory, see 
O'Donovan's Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 
1178, note c, and the authorities there 
cited. 



in the barony of Farney, co.Monaghan. 
8 Rath-Lwraigh. Now represented 
by Magliera, the name of a parish in 
the barony of Loughinsholin, co. 
Londonderry. See Reeves' Down and 
Connor, p. 27. 



6 Conchobar. Added in later hand 
in A. See under the next year. 

7 Artri. See note 16 , p. 309 supra. 
In the list of the comarbs, or succes- 
sors, of St Patrick in the abbacy 
(or episcopacy) of Armagh, contained 
in the Book of Lemster (p. 42), Artri 
is stated to have ruled for twojyears, 
the term accorded to him in the 
several lists cited by Dr. Todd ($!. 
Patrick, pp. 174-183). Ware fixes 
the beginning of his government in 
A.D. 822 (Harris's ed., vol. 1, p. 43). 
See Chron. Scotorum, at A.D. 827; 
and the references to ArtrTunder the 
years 822 and 826 supra. 

*Ui-Crimhtain. Otherwise written 
Ui-Cremhthainn. A tribe of the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



331 



Kal. Jaa 1 A.D. 831. The first plundering of Ard- [gsi.] BIS. 
Macha by Gentiles, thrice in one month. Plundering 
of Mucsnamh, 8 and of Lughmadh, and of Ui-Meith, 8 and 
of Druim-mic-U-Blae, and of other churches. The 
plundering of Damliag, and of the territory of Cianachta 
with its churches, by Gentiles. Capture of Ailill, son of 
Colgu, by Gentiles. Tuathal, son of Feradhach, was 
carried off by Gentiles, and the shrine of Adamnan, from 
Domnach-Maghen. 4 Plundering of Rath-Luraigh 5 and 
Connere, by Gentiles. Cinaedh son of Echaid, King of the 
Dal-Araidhe of the North, was killed, through treachery, 
by his associates. Cinaedh son of Artri, King of Cualann, 
and Diarmait son of Ruadhri, King of Airther-Life, died. 
Conchobar 8 son of Donnchad, King of Ireland, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 832. Artri, 7 son of Conchobar, abbot [832.] 
of Ard-Macha, and Conchobar son of Donnchad, King 
of Temhair, died in the same month. Ruaidhri, son of 
Maelfothartaigh, half-King of "Oi-Crimhtain, 8 died. ^iaU 
Cailli 9 begins to reign. A victory by Niall 10 and Mur- 
chadh over the Foreigners, in Daire-Chalgaidh. 11 The 
plundering of Cluain-Dolcain 18 by Gentiles. A battle was 
gained over the ' family ' of Cill-dara, in their church, by 
Cellach 18 son of Bran, where many were slain, on St. 



Oirghialla'seated in the present baron- 
ies of Upper and Lower Slane, in the 
county of Meath. See O'Donovan's 
Ann. Four Matt., A.D. 832, note t. 

9 Niall Cailli. The Four Masters 
.refer the accession of Niall Caille to 
A.D. 832. Bnt O'Flaherty states that 
Niall began to reign in 833 (Ogygia, 
p. 434), which is the true year ; thus 
agreeing with the present Chronicle, 
the chronology of which ia ante-dated 
by one year at this period. The 
original of the foregoing entry, which 
is added in an old hand in the margin 
in A., forms part of the text in B. 



i.e. Niall Cailll, King of 
Ireland, mentioned in the previous 
entry. 

11 Daire-Chalgaidh. The ancient 
name of Derry (or Londonderry). 
This victory is not noticed in the 
tract on the "War of the Gaedhel 
with the Gaill," edited by Dr. Todd. 

12 Cluain - Dolcain. Clondalkin, 
near Dublin. 

18 Cellach. King of Leinster. See 
the Book of Leinttcr, p. 89, col. 2, 
and Shearman's Loca Patriciana, 
geneal. ; table 11. His obit is recor- 
ded under the next year. 



332 



CCMMCClOC UlCCOtl. 



ftinc mtilci m pefiia lohanmp in aucumno. 
o muinnsifie cLuana mic U Moif, 7 lofctrb a 
cejuntnnn cofiici -oofiuf a cille, ta pei'5limi < & fii Caipil. 
POTI oen cumai mu in weep T)efimaisi co -oojiuf a citte. 
TTlofip "Oiafimosa pin 'Comalcai^, fiegif Connachc. 
Foi. 39W. Tffofip Cobcaifc TYUC THaile-otiin fiopp lafimuman. 
Lofca-o Liff moep. TYlocucu 7 aji "Oefmuman. tofccr5 
"Dfioma m afdaniT) o ^ennctB. Oti^sam loca bfii- 
ce|ina ipop, Con^alach mac necTxxc, 7 a matibcn) oc 

lafium. Reccabfia abbaf Citle acai-5 obnc. 

mac Uuamlufa, pfimcepr T)omnai5 Secnaitt, 



]ct. lanaifi. CCrino -oomim -occc. xocx. 111. 
mac pefi^Ufa, fiex poficjienn, mo|ncuf. Ougan TTlanif- 
cfiec, abb aip/OT> TTlacae ec Cluana IfiaijiTyo, ec 
CCppfiaic abacifa Cille -oafio, -DO|imieifiunT:. Ceallac 
mac bp.am, fii Lai^en, 7 dnae-o mac Conaing, 
"Cecbae, moficui func. 8tnl5ne mac CC|ic|iac, \iex 
T>opn6 n-uile, mceifipeccup eft; a pfiacp,ibup 
Concobayi mac CCilello occipup eft: a pp.ac|iibuf 
Confjalac mac Oen^Ufa, |iex geneiiif loegaifie, 

epifcopuf ec fcjuba Cilia T>a|io obnc. 
^ennci \ie n-'Ouna-bach mac Scannlam, t 



Cac 
.tl. 



1 Dermagh. Durrow, in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's Count}'. 

2 Lis-moT-Mochuta. " Mochuta's 
great fort " (or " inclosure "). Lis- 
more, co. Waterford. 

3 Druim-Inasclaind. Dromiskin, 
in the parish of the same name, 
barony and county of Louth. 

4 Lock-Bricerna. So in A and B. 
But the name should be " Loch- 
Bricrenn " (the " lake of Bricriu "), 
as in the Four Mast. ; now corrupted 
to Loughbrickland, near a lake of the 
same name, in the barony of Upper 
Iveagh, co. Down. The name of this 
lake is stated to hava been derived 



from Bricriu, a chief tain who flourished 
in Ulster in the first century, and 
who, on account of his talent for 
sarcasm, is nick-named Bricriu mem- 
thenga ("Bricriu l poiton-tongue'" t ) 
in the old Irish stories. 

* Cill^achaidh. Killeigh, barony 
of Geashil, King's County. 

6 Ruamlus. Under the year 800 
supra, the obit of a ' Ruamnus,' abbot 
of Domnach-Sechnaill (Dunshaugh- 
lin, co. Meath) is given ; who waa 
probably the father of the Tipraite 
here referred to. 

7 Fortrenn, Pictland. See note *, 
p. 118 supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



333 



John's day in Autumn. The killing of the ' family ' cf 
Cluain-mic-U-Nois, by Fedhlimidh, King of Cashel ; and 
the burning of its ' termon ' to the door of its church. In 
the same manner [did he treat] the 'family' of Dermagh, 1 
to the door of its church. Death of Diarmait, son of 
Tomaltach, King of Connaught. Death of Cobhthach, 
son of Maelduin, King of West Munster. Burning of 
Lis-mor-Mochuta, 2 and the slaughter of South Munster. 
Burning of Druim-Inasclaind 8 by Gentiles. The plunder- 
ing of Loch-Bricerna 4 against Congalach, son of Echaid, 
who was afterwards killed [by the Foreigners] at their 
ships. Rechtabra, abbot of Cill-achaidh, 8 died. Tipraite 
son of Ruamlus, 8 abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 833. Oengus, son of Fergus, King of 
Fortrenn, 7 died. Eogan Mainistrech, 8 abbot of Ard- 
Macha and Cluain-Iraird, and Affraic, abbess of Cill-dara, 
' fell asleep.' Cellach, 9 t son of Bran, King of Leinster, 
and Cinaedh, son of Conang, King of Tethba, 10 died. 
Suibhne, son of Artri, King of all the Mughdhorna, was 
slain by his 11 brothers. Conchobar, son of Ailill, was 
slain by his" brothers. Conghalach, son of Oengus, King 
of Cinel-Loeghaire, died. Tuatchar, bishop and scribe 
of Cill-dara, died. A battle [was gained] over the Gentiles 
byDunadhach, ia sonofScannlan,KingoftheUi-Fidgenti, 18 



8 Eogan Mainistrech. See the note 
on this name under the year 830. 

9 Cellach. Mentioned under the 
preceding year, as the perpetrator of 
a great outrage against muinntir, 
' family,' or community of Kildare. 

10 Tethba In later times called 

Teffia, a territory comprising adjoin- 
ing portions of the present counties of 
Westmeath and Longford. The Ann. 
Four Mast, and the Chron. Scotorum 
state that Cinaedh, son of Conang, 
was King of Bregh, the ancient name 
of a district in the present county of 
Meath. A stanza in Irish regarding 



Cinaedh, son of Conang, written in the 
top margin of fol. 39 6 in MS. A., has 
been partially mutilated by the binder. 

11 Hit. ftiif. Omitted in A. 

12 Dunadhach. The name of this 
chieftain is written Dunchadach in 
B. (which O'Conor prints DunchacK), 
3iQ.ADunchadh in the Chron. Scotorum. 
But the Four Mast, write it Dunad- 
hach. See the entry of his obit 
under the next year, where the name 
is written DunadJuiiyh, in the genit. 
form (nomin. Dunadhach). 

i* Ui-Fidgenti. A powerful tribe 
anciently inhabiting an extensive ter- 



[833.] 



334 



tiloroti. 



Fol. 40aa. 



i, -ou icoficficrcctfi iti, Ofi^mn ^inne 7>a loca 
o genncib. Oyi^mn lane7pinnu%ac habae o^enrib. 
Lofca-o cluana mic tl Moif "oeme-oia ex maiofie paftce. 
gum bfiocccnn mic Ceiroejicain 1 n-CCi'5niu. 

]ct. lanaiji. CCnno T)OTnmi T>CCC. xxx. 1111. Sloga-D 
la "Mi all co itaigmu cojfioii'Disefcaiijii pofiait) .1. bfian 
rnac paelan. Cinae-o mac Neill mic defta lugulacuf 
efc la htllm. 1nT)fie7> TTli'De la Miall, co |iolofca'5 
COITOICI cec THaelconoc. Cumufcac mac 
fecnap cluana mice U Moif, mop,icu|i. Op,5j;ain 
nann 7 cluana moep, TTloe'DOC o ^ennt;iC. Coemcltj-D 



abab-o 1 n-a|\T) TYlaca .1. "po|iinT)an (o Ra6 mic TDalaif) 
T)e|imoT;a (o i|eafinan). ecai-o mac Concon- 
fiex nepocum T3ui|iT;|ii, 7 Camcom|iac mac 
equommuf cille -oapo, 7 bfiefal mac Coyimaic 
Cille T>umai glmn ec aliapum citnixxcum, mopitincu|i, 7 
imuipce|icac mac ^ofimgaile, omnef mop,T:ui func. 
mac boT>bccc5a, |iex Cai^e byiacai-De, lugula^tif 
inenfibuf. TTlofif *OunaT>ai5 mic Scannlam 
.Tl . piT>56m;i. tofca'D Cluana mac Noifceyicia 
pafit:e ^tn .11. nom mayica. LofcaT* TTIun5ai|iiu 7 ala- 



ritory which included the present 
barony of Coshma, in the co. Limerick. 
See the interesting note regarding the 
territory occupied by this tribe in 
O Donovan's Annals of the Four 
Masters (A.D. 1178, note m). 

1 Finnabhair-abha. The ancient 
name of Fennor, in the parish of 
Fennor, barony of Lower Duleek, and 
county of Meath. 

8 Of the greater part. The MS. 
A. has " de media ex majore parte." 
But B. has merely " ex niajore 
parte." See note s , p. 306 supra. 

3 Aidhne. The ancient name of 
a territory comprising the present 
barony of Kiltartan in the county of 
Galway. 



* Niall ; i.e. Niall Caille, monarch 
of Ireland. 

5 When he ordained. The original 
in A. is coju>t>i5ef cafl, and in B. also 
cofiOT>i5efcayi, both MSS. in this 
case being" obviously corrupt. The 
Four Masters (ad an.) more correctly 
write co fio oyvomg (" when he or- 
dained "). 

6 Tech-Maelchonoc. The "House 
of Maelchonoc." In the Ann. Four 
Masters, under A.D. 834, the house 
of Maelchonoc, lord of Dealbhna 
Beathra (a territory now represented 
by the barony of Garrycastle, King's 
County), is stated to have been 
situated at a place called Bodham- 
mar But it has not been identified. 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



335 



wherein many were slain. The plundering of Glenn-da- 
locha by Gentiles. The plundering of Slane and Fin- 
nabhair-abha, 1 by Gentiles. Burning of the greater part" 
of Cluain-mic-U-Nois. The mortal wounding of Broccan, 
son of Cendercan, in Aidhne. 8 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 834. A hosting by Niall 4 to the [334 j 
Leinstermen, when he ordained 6 a King over them, to 
wit, Bran son of Faelan. Cinaedh, son of Niall, son of 
Aedh, was killed by the Ulidians. The ravaging of 
Meath by Niall, 4 when it was burned as far as Tech- 
Maelchonoc. 6 Cumuscach, son of Oengus, Vice-abbot of 
Clonmacnoise, died. The plundering of Ferna, and of 
Cluainmor-Moedhoic, by Gentiles. A change of abbots in 
Ard-Macha, to wit, Forinnan (from Rath-mic-Malais 7 ) in Ol.frZft 
the place 8 of Dermot Ua Tighernain. 9 Echaidh, son of #* 

Cuchongalt, King of the Ui-Tuirtri ; and Caencomrac 
son of Siadal, steward of Cill-dara, and Bresal son of 
Cormac, abbot of Cill-duma-glinn 10 and other churches, 
died, and Muirchertach son of Gormghal all died. Fer- 
gus son of Bodhbchadh, King of Carraig-Brachaidhei" 
was slain by Munstermen. Death of Dunadach, son of 
Scannlan, King of Ui-Fidhgenti. Burning of the third 
part of Cluain-mac-Nois, on the second of the nones of 
March. Burning of Mungairit, and other churches of 



1 Rath-mic-Malaig. The " fort " 
(or "rath") of the son of Malas. 
Added by way of gloss over the 
name Forindan, in A. and B. Now 
known as " Rackwallace," a townland 
in the parish and county of Mon- 
aghan, containing an old graveyard. 
The identification of this place is due 
to Dean Reeves. O'Conor did his 
best to prevent the possibility of iden- 
tification, by printing the name 
Raithinnmhalait. 

*In the place. i n-mcn>. ITVOOH, 
A. ; mnon, B. ; both of which are 



orrupt The Four Mast, write i n- 
loncroh, which is more correct 

9 Ua Tighernain. Descendant (or 
grandson) of Tighernan. Regarding 
these abbots (or bishops) of Armagh, 
see ^the lists published by Todd, St. 
Patrick, pp. "175-187 ; and Harris's 
Ware, vol. 1, "p. 45. And see also 
at the year 851 infra, 

10 Cill-duma-glinn. Now Kilglinn, 
barony *of Upper Deece, co. Meath. 

11 Carraig-Brachaidhe. This was 
the name of a territory forming the 
north-west portion of the present 
barony of Inishowen, co. Donegal 







336 



ccNNcclcc tiloroti. 









nmle ceall Ifimumen o sennits. 



-ofioma tilling o 



]ct. lancnfi. CCnno T>ommi T>CCC. xococ. 
mac lopep abbap lirme T>a loca ; oep,5tir nepop 
Cumne'oa abbap "Cep-mai^e, "Pofibupac epipcopup en 
ancopma tupcan, omnep pebcinep, tnnam pnneptmn. 
"Dunlaing mac Caupai|;, ppmcepp Copcaige moifie, 
mo|ir;uuf efc jpine ^ommumone 1 Caiyml fiegum. 
^abail in 7)ai|ici5e i Cill 7>a|ia pop, poynn'oan abbaiT) 
n-aeyvo-o TTIacae, co -pama-o pacfiaic olcena, la peiT)- 
limif> co ca j mT)nti, 7 |io ^abca 1 cacr; co n-anhumaloic 



T)e|imair; T>O T>ul co Connacca cum le^e er; ueocilbf 
Ceall T)a|ia -DO ofigam T>O gennB o 1nbi|i 
oeaae, 7 fiollofcaT) a leac na ciUe. Coifipfii mac 
TYlael6T)Uin,fiexl,oca 5aBo|i,iU5Utacuf eft; o'TTlaelce|inai, 
ec TTlaelcefina 111511 lacuf efc o Coippynu m earem 



er; moyicui f unr; ambo in una nocce. 
gencilnjm oTeifciutir; byie^ .1. o celcaiB T)f.oman 
7 o "Oefimais bpiconum, en capciuop cam plutief poyi- 
caueyiunr; en mofini'picauefitmr; mulno^ en cadmuof ft/ 
plup.imof apfnuleyiunn. TTlef mofi em|icnomef 77>afi- 
me-p , 7 fio iaT> ^tafa cop, anpan T>1 piun, Can "Ofitnns 
Connacna muicem, T>U mopcaip Ceallac mac 
ppmcepp Roiff cairn, 7 CCDomnan mac 



1 Druim-hlng. O'Donovan thought 
that this was probably the place now 
called Dromin, near Dunshaughlin, 
co. Meath. Four Mast., A.D. 834, 
note d. 

* Dermagh. Durrow, in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

3 Ended life happily. B. has -oe- 
puncci punc. 

4 Corcach-mor. The ''great cor- 
cach (or marshy Cork, in Munster. 
The Four Masters (A.D. 835), in 
noticing the obit of Dunlaing, style 
him r comarba (or successor) of Bara, 



the first bishop of Cork. But Ware 
has no reference to him in his list of 
bishops of that See. 

3 Forindan. See under the last 
year ; and also Todd's Cogadh Gaedhel 
re Gallaibh, Introd., p. xlv. 

6 Feldlimidh. Feidhlimidh, son of 
Crimthann, King of Cashel. 

7 Dermait. The Dermot Ua Tigher- 
nain mentioned under last year as 
having been displaced from the abbacy 
of Armagh, in favour of Forinnan (or 
" Forannan," as the name is written 
in the Book ofLeinster, p. 42, col. 4). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



337 



Ormond, by Gentiles. The plundering of Druim hlng 1 
by Foreigners. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 835. Suibhne son of Joseph, abbot of [836.J BIB 
Glenn-da-locha ; Soergus Ua Cuinneda, abbot of Der- 
magh ; 2 Forbasach, bishop and anchorite of Lusca all 
ended life happily. 8 Dunlaing, son of Cathasach, abbot 
of Corcach-mor, 4 died without communion, in Cashel of 
the Kings. The taking of the oratory in Cill-dara against 
Forindan, 5 abbot of Ard-Macha, with Patrick's congregation 
besides, by Fedhlimidh, 6 by battle and arms ; and they 
were taken prisoners, with great disobedience towards 
them. Dermait 7 went to Oonnaught, with the 'Law' 
and ' ensigns ' of Patrick. Cill-dara was plundered by 
Gentiles from Inbher-Dea; 9 and half the church was 
burned. Coirpri, son of Maelduin, King of Loch-Gabhor," 
was killed 10 by Maelcerna, and Maelcerna was killed 10 by 
Coirpri at the same moment ; and they both died in the 
one night. The first prey taken by Gentiles from the 
South of Bregh, i.e., from Telcha-Droman, and from 
Dermagh of the Britons ; and they carried off 11 several 
captives, and killed a great many, and carried away a 
great many captives. Great produce, between nut-crop 
and acorn-crop, which closed up streams, so that they 
ceased to flow. The battle of Drung between the Con- 
naughtmen themselves, in which were slain Cellach, son 
of Forbasach, abbot of Ros-cam, 12 and Adomnan, son of 









1 Inbher-Dea. The mouth of the 
Vartry River, which flows into the 
eea at the town of Wicklow, in the 
co. Wicklow. 

9 Loch-Gabhor. Lagore, near Dun- 
shaughliu, co. Meath. 

w Kilkd. By lugulcrcup epc, the 
compiler probably meant to convey 
that Coirpri and Maelcerna were 
mortally wounded in mutual conflict 



11 Carried off. For poficcctiefiUTic, 
B. has -ouxefiunc. The entry is 
rudely constructed. 

12 Abbot of Ros-cam. In the Ann, 
Four Matt., at the same year, Cellach 
is described as airchinnech (or "here- 
nagh ") of Ros-Commain, now Roi- 
common, in the county of Roscommon. 
The authority of the F. M. is followed 
by Colgan. Acta SS. t p. 33 i. 

Z 






338 



uloroti. 



CCl-DDaile-o, 7 Connmac mop uiccop pine. 
cpu7)6lippima a ^ennlibup omnium pimum Connac- 
copum. CCp caa poppin T)eip cuaipciupc o ^ennciB. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7>omim T>CCC. ccacx. ui. plaicpoa 
abbap mompqiec OttCt, epipcopup ec ancopica, TTIap- 
Foi. 40a&. can epipcopup Cluana cam, peqtueuepunc. TYlael-ouin 
mac Secnupaig, pi pep-Cul, T3uacal mac pian|alai| pi 
cemuil CCp7)5ail, Riacan mac pmpnecci leicpi Lai^en, 
mopcui punc. Lon^ap cpe pichec lon^ oi "MopT>T>man- 
nai 15 pop bomn. Lon^ap eile cpe picec lon^ pop abam-o 
Lipi- Ho plarpac lapum m -01 lon^aip pin ma tipi 7 
mbpe ei:ip cealla 7 Tiune 7 cpeba. Homiu-5 pe 
bpe pop ^allaiB ec T)eonmni 1 TTIU5T)opnaiB 
bpe, com-Dcopcpa'Dap pe picic rnb. bellum pe 
^enn^i^oclnbiup nam-bapc pop htl "Meill o pmainD co 
muip, T)U ippola-5 dp naT)n.dipmeT>, pe-o ppimi pe^ep 
euappepum;. Lopca'D Innpeo cealcpaeo 5en^il5- Cella 
loca Oipne n-uile, im cluam Goaip 7 "Oairmnip, -DO 
T>il5iunn o ^ennnB. liTopeT) cemuil Coipppi cpuim la 
peif>ilmiT). HomiU'5 pop TTIuimnecu pe Caml mac 
TTluip^eppo. THapba-D Saxoilt5 tx)ipi% na n-^all la 
Cianacc. 



1 Connmhach Mor. His obit is 
given at the year 845 infra, where 
he is described as jxex nepocum 
bifiitun, or King of the Ui-Briuin, a 
tribe whose territory comprised a large 
district lying to the east of Lough 
Corrib, in the co. Galway. See the 
map prefixed to 0' Donovan's ed. 
of the Tribes and Customs of Hy- 
Many. 

2 Northern Deisi A branch of 

the great tribe of the Deisi (which 
has given name to the two baronies 
of Decies, in the co. Waterford), 
whose territory embraced a large dis- 
trict lying about Clonmel, in the pre- 
sent co. Tipperary. See O'Flaherty's 
Oc/yyia, part iii., chap. 69, and 



Joyce's Irish Names of Places (2nd 
ser., 1875, pp. 425-7). 

3 Rested. cfuieuefuinc, 13. 

^Abhalnn-Liphe. The river Liffey ; 
or Anna Liffey, as the name is some- 
times incorrectly written. 

5 Magh-Liphe. The " Plain of 
Liphe " (or Liffey). The flat portion 
of the present co. Kildare, through 
which the River Liffey flows. 

6 Magh- Bregh. The " Plain of 
the Bregha." This comprised the 
southern portion of the co. Meath 
washed by the river Boyne. But its 
exact limits are uncertain. 

7 Victory. fioitnut), A. and B. 
A later hand attempted to alter 

to p,opiiaoini-o, by inter, 



/ 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



339 



Aldailedh ; and Connmhach Mor 1 was victor, Most cruel 
devastation, by Gentiles, of all the territories of Con- 
naught. A battle-slaughter upon the Northern Deisi, a by 
Gentiles. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 836. Flaithroa, abbot of Manister- 
Buti, bishop and anchorite, [and] Martan, bishop of 
Cluain-cain, rested. 3 Maelduin son of Sechnasach, King 
of Fir-Cul ; Tuathal son of Fianghalach, King of Cinel- 
Ardgail ; [and] Riacan son of Finsnechta, half- King of 
Leinster, died. A fleet of three score ships of the 
Norsemen upon the Boyne. Another fleet of three score 
ships on the Abhainn-Liphe. 4 These two fleets after- 
wards plundered Magh-Liphe 5 and Magh-Bregh, 6 between 
churches, and forts, and houses. A victory 7 by the 
men of Bregh, over the Foreigners, at Deoninne 8 in 
Mughdorna-Bregh, when six score of them were slain. 
A battle [was gained] by Foreigners, at Inbher-na- 
mbarc, over the Ui-Neill from the Sinainn 9 to the sea, 
where a slaughter was made that has not been reckoned; 
but the chief Kings escaped. Burning of Inis-Celtra by 
Gentiles. All the churches of Loch-Erne, together with 
Cluain-Eois and Daimhinis, were destroyed by Gentiles. 
The plundering of the race of Coirpri Crom 10 by Fedh- 
ilmidh. A victory over the Munstermen by Cathal," son 
of Muirghes. The killing of Saxolbh, 12 chief of the 
Foreigners, by the Cianachta. 13 



polating the letters ffvao. But 
fioimuT) occurs often in A. and B., 
and the suggested correction has not 
therefore been followed. 

8 Deoninne. This place has not 
been identified. The territory of 
Mughdorua-Bregh, in which it is 
stated to have been situated, was in 
Bregh (or Bregia) in East Meath. 

9 Situiinn. The river Shannon. 
See O'Donovan's notes regarding the 
event here recorded. Four Masters, _ 
A.D. 836, notes, b, c. 

" Race of Coirpri Crom A name 



for the people of Ui-Maine, or the 
Hy-Many, in the co. Roacommon. 

11 Cathal. King of Connaught. 
His obit is given by the Four Matt. 
in this year, who add that he " died 
[soon] after" the victory above re- 
ferred to. The death of his father 
Muirges, also King of Connaught, is 
entered at the year 814 supra. 

12 Saxolbh. r Saxulf. Regarding 
this person, see Todd's Cogadh Gaed- 
hel re Gallaibh, Introd., pp. Ixvi-vii. 

v danachta. The Cianachta-Bregh, 
or Ciauachta of Bregia ; a tribe 

z 2 



[836.] 



340 



CCMMCClCC UlCCDtl. 



y 



Foi. 406. 



]ct. 



CCrmo T>omini T>CCC. xxx. 1111. Copmac 
ec fcfiiba Citle poibfiic, bfian pnglaifi 
epifcopup ec fcfiiba, Z^efiriac mac CCe-oa abbap 
pirmDubfiae abae ec abafium citncacum, T>ofimi equine. 
"Oomnall mac CCexia, pfimcepf "Dfioma ujicaitle, mofii- 
cufi. Celtac mac Copcfiaic pyuncepr itro aifuctnt T)of en- 
ciaftocc, Cellac mac Coifipfu pyimcepf CCco cjauim, 
moircm -puni:. Con^atac mac TTloenai|, fiex nepocum 
plio^um Cuaif bjaeg, fubica mojice iT;am 
TTlaelcfton |iex Loca lem .1. mac Cobraig, 
Rig^al mofi 1 ctuain Conaiyie "Commain, ecip, 
7 Wmll. T)ocur:u fanccup epifcopuf ecancofiira lane 
uicam femlem pebcicep, pmuic. "pe|itiT)atac equon- 
imuf aifiT) TTlacae obnc. bellum fie ermnb -poia 
Conachca, m quo ceci7>efuinn TTlaelT)tiin pliuf TTlui|i- 
ec alii mutci. bfian mac paelam |iex 



]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domim -occc. xxx. um. TTlael- 
SaimfiiT) fcpiba opcimuf ec ancc-fusa, abbaf benncaip, 
pauf auir;. Colman mac Robaficaig abbaf 8tane, CCe-odn 
abbaf Hoif cfiea, Cofimac mac Conaitl pp.mcepf tfiwc, 
TTlaelfUianai-o mac Cacufai fecnap iu^can, 
func. Cumafcac mac Con^alais, fiex 
mo|iit;u|i. TDuifie-oacmacOc'Dac, pex coici'5 Concobuifi. 
a fuif p|icrcpibtif .1. CCe-5 ec Oenguf, ec 



occupying the district about Duleek, 
co. Mentli. 

1 Finnglais. Finglas, a little to the 
north of Dublin city. 

2 Finnabhair-aba. Fennor, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Lower Duleek, and county of Meath. 

3 Druim- urchaille. O'Donovan 
suggests (Am. F. M., A.D. 837, note 
q.), that this may have been the old 
name of a place called Spancel Hill, 
in the barony of Bunratty, co. Clare. 
But Shearman thought, and probably 
with good reason, that the name 



Druim -urchaille is now represented 
by that of Dunmurraghill, in the 
parish of the same name, in the north 
of the county of Kildare. See Loca 
Patriciana, p. 112. 

4 Airicul- Dosenchiarog. Another 
form of the name of a place men- 
tioned above under the year 809. 
See note 7 , p. 296. 

5 Cluain-Conaire* Tommain Clon- 
curry, in the barony of Ikeathy and 
Oughterany, co. Kildare. 

6 Feidhlimidh.- King of Cashel (or 
Muuster). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



341 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 837. Cormac, bishop and scribe of [837.] 
Cill-Foibrigh ; Brann of Finnglais, 1 bishop and scribe, 
[and] Tigernach son of Aedh, abbot of Finnabhair-aba* 
and other churches, ' fell asleep.' Domnall son of Aedh, 
abbot of Druim-urchaille, 8 died. Cellach son of Coscragh, 
abbot of the Airicul-Dosenchiarog, 4 Cellach son of Coirpre, 
abbot of Ath-truim, died. Congalach son of Moenach, 
King of Ui-Mac-Uais of Bregh, died suddenly. Maelcron, 
King of Loch-Lein, viz., the son of Cobhtach, died. A 
great royal meeting in Cluain-Conaire-Tommain, 8 between 
Feidhlimidh 6 and Niall. 7 Dochutu, a holy bishop and 
anchorite of Slane, ended a long life happily. Ferdalach, 
steward of Ard-Macha, died. A battle by Gentiles over 
the Connaughtmen, in which Maelduin son of Muirghes, 
and many others, were slain. Bran, 8 son of Faelan, 
King of Leinster, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 838. Maelgaimridh, an excellent scribe [ 838 -l 
and anchorite, abbot of Bennchair, rested. Colman son 
of Robhartach, abbot of Slane ; Aedhari, abbot of Ros- 
cre ; 9 Cormac, son of Conall, abbot of Treoit, 10 [and] 
Maelruanaidh, son of Cathasach, vice-abbot of Lusca, 
died. Cumuscach, son of Conghalach, King of Cianachta, 11 
died. Muiredach, son of Echaidh, King of Coiced-Con- 
chobair, 12 was slain by his brothers, viz., Aedh and Oengus, 



7 i\iall. Monarch of Ireland. 

8 Bran. See above, under the 
year 834, where Bran is stated to 
have been ordained King of the 
Leiustermen, by Niall Caille, Mon- 
arch of Ireland. In the list of the 
Kings of Leinster contained in the 
Book of Leinster, p. 39, the period 
of Bran's reign is given as four years. 

9 Ros-cre Written fiof qvae in 
B. But like jiop cjvea in A. Now 
Roscrea, in the county of Tipperary. 

l *Treoit. See note *, p. 800 supra. 
lor some curious traditions con- 
nected with Treoit (Trevet, co. 
Meath), and its etymology (c|ie 



poic, " three sods "), see the Pro- 
phesy of Art son of Conn, Lebor na 
hUidre, p. 119, Lithograph copy, 
publ. by the R. I. Acad. 

11 Cianachta. The Ciaaachta of 
Bregh, a tribe located in the eastern 
part of the present county of Heath. 

KCoicedConchobhair.The " Fifth " 
(or " Province ") of Conchobar Mac 
Nessa ; a bardic name for Ulidia. In 
the list of the kings of Ulidia con- 
tained in the Book of Leinster, p. 41, 
the name of "Muridach" appears, 
the duration of his reign being given 
as 17 years. 



342 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 




]ct. 



mutcip. Cenneicis mac Con^alais, pex neporum 
uaip bfieg, a fuo Ffiaspe .i.^Ceile, -ootofe 
epc. Cptmnmaet mac pannamait, equoni- 
mup *OefimaiJ5i, lugulacup eps o TTlaetpecnaitt mac 
TTlaetruianai-o. TJecc -01 |attait5 pop. toe ec-oach, copop- 
Tsat>ap ruara 7 cetla cuaipcepc 6penn app. Coemclo-o 
bba-o 1 n-a^-DD TTlacae .1. "Oefiman; (.h. 

(o Ha mic TTlaluif). bellunn 

^ienn, m quo 

mac Oen^ufa er Oficm mac Oen^upfa, et 
CCe-o mac boanca ; et: aln pene innume|iabilep ceci- 
LopcaT) pe|inann 7 Copcai-oe o 

CCnno Domini -occc. ocxx. ix. 
T)1 toe Ge-oac o ^enn^iC, qui eprpcopop ec 
p e<c papien^ep capmuop 'DUxepunT: ec abop 
mop-T:ipicauepunr;. ptofiiacup impeiiacofi "P^ancopum 
mopicuyi. LopcaTi aip.T> TTlacae cona T>e|iT;iiB 7 a T>oim- 
bacc. pei-Ditmi-D pi TTluman TO mnpiu-o TTliDe 7 bpeg, 
1 'Cenipai^, et: in itta uice mDpeT) Cett 7 
ta Miatt mac CCei>a. 

1p he pei'6timi - D in fii, 
*OiaTHT) opaip, oen laici, 

Connacc cen cac 
TTlit)e T)O tnanftac. 



year 834 supra, where Dermait is 
stated to have been removed from 
the abbacy of Armagh in favour of 
Forannan, he is called O'Thighernan. 

5 In the place. ift-oon (for i nincro), * ^ 
A., B. 

6 Raih-mic-Malais. See note on 
this name at A.D. 834. This clause 
is not in B. 

7 Forti-enn. See note 8 , p. 118 
supra. 

8 Corcach-mor. The " Great 
Marsh," Cork city, in Munster. 

9 Floriacus. For this name we 
should read " Ludovicus Pius," King 
of the Franks (who died on the 12th 



1 Dermagh. Durrow, in the baronj' 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

2 Maelsechnaill. The name is 
otherwise (and more usually) written 
M aelsechlainn. He was King of 
Uisnech (or Meath) for ten years, 
and his accession to the monarchy of 
Ireland is recorded at the year 84G 
infra. As Maelsechlainn (or Malachy) 
L, he occupies a conspicuous place in 
Irish history because of his sturdy 
resistance to the Norse and Danish 
invaders. 

8 Loch-Echach. Lough Neagh. 
4 Ua Tiyhernaiyh, i.e., " grandson " 
(or descendant) of Tigernach. At the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 343 

and by several others. Cenneitigh, son of Conghalach, 
King of Ui-Mac-Uais of Bregh, was treacherously slain 
by his brother, i.e., Ceile. Crunnmhael, son of Fiannamh- 
ail, steward of Derinagh, 1 was slain 










of^iaelruanaidh. An expedition of Foreigners on 
Loch-Echach, 8 from which they destroyed the territories 
and churches of the North of Ireland. A change of 
abbots in Ard-Macha, viz., Dermait (Ua Tighernaigh 4 ) in jfw 4, 
the place 8 of Forindan (from Rath-mic-Malais 6 ). A battle 
by Gentiles over the men of Fortrenn, 7 in which fell 
Euganan son of Oengus, and Bran son of Oengus, and 
Aedh son of Boaiit ; and almost countless others were 
slain. The burning of Ferna, and of Corcach-mor fi , by 
Gentiles. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 839. The plundering of Lughmadh [sso.] T.W. 
from Loch-Echach, 8 by Gentiles, who led captive bishops, 
and presbyters, and wise men, and put others to death. 
Floriacus," Emperor of the Franks, died. Burning of 
Ard-Macha, with its oratories and cathedral. 10 Fedilmidh, 
King of Munster, ravaged Midhe and Bregh, and rested A^/ 
in Teinhair ;" and the plundering of [Fera]-Cell 12 and 
[ Delbhna]-Bethri, 13 on that occasion, by Niall, 14 son of 
Aedh. 

Fedhilmidh 14 is the King, 

To whom it was but one day's work 

[To obtain] the pledges of Connaught without battle, 

And to devastate Midhe. 



of the Calends of July, 840). as 
O'Conor suggests. Her. Uib. Script., 
vol. 4, p. 214, note '. 

10 Cathedral. TJOiTnliacc; literally 
" stone house" (or " stone church *'). 

11 Tanhair. Tara, in Meath. 
'-Ftra-Cell. " This name was long 

preserved in Fircal, a barony in the 
King's County, now known as Eglish ; 
but there is ample evidence to prove 
that Feara ceall comprised not only 



also the baronies of Ballycowan and 
Ballyboy, in the same county." 
O'Donovan's ed. of O'Dulhagain, 
A pp., p. vi., note 2i . 

13 Delbhiia-Bethri.The old name 
of a territory comprising nearly the 
whole of the present barony of Garry- 
castle, King's County. 

lt Niall. Monarch of Ireland at 
the time. 

15 Fedhilmidh. These lines, (not in 



the present barony of Kglisli, but B.), are written in the lower margin 



344 



CCMMCClCC UlCCOtl. 



TYlufica'oa mic CCe-oa fiepf Connacc. Sum Cm- 
aefta mic Copcfiai'o fxepp Ofiegmaine, i 'Cerbai. 1opep 
Roipp moefi, epipcopup ec pcfviba opnmtif ec ancofiica, 
abbaf Cluana auif er; aliajium ciuicacum, T>o|\mitiic. 

I/"P 1frtirfiY) ^Pntirt 'nonnini T^OOO TTI ^^PTITII^I T^OY\ 

\ loch 6acac beof. Cumfun'DU'D pofi TTIael|iuanaif> mac 
n"OormchaT>a la T)iafimaiT) mac Concofiaiji, 7 mayibaT) 
T)ia|imaT:a layium la TTIaelfecnaill m ea-oem -Die, ec 
TYlaelifiuanai| m uica ^emanfic. CCei) mac "Ouncha-oa 
Foi. 406&. lugulacuf efc T>olofe a fociif Conamg mic plains jm 
iuf. LongpofiT; oc unn T>uacaill afa fiojitxx 
' cealla "Cecbai. tonspopr; oc "Ouiblmn 
Laipn 7 Oi "Meill ecifi rua^a 7 cealla, copice 
bla-oma. Sloga-o la 'pet'olimiT) cojiici Ca^main. 
la "Mi all ajfi a cenn co^ice 
bacat ^ei > otimif) 
pofiacbcro if na 
"Oofpuc Miall co nefiu riata, 
CC cejic m caca ctaitmnj. 



of fol. 406 in A., with a mark indi- 
cating the place where they might be 
introduced into the text. 

1 King. fiegif. Om. in B. 

2 Breghmaine. A territory now 
represented by the barony of Brawny, 
co. Westmeath. 

3 Tethba. See note 9 , p. 316 supra. 

4 Cluain-Eois. Written sometimes 
cluccm amp in the text. Clones, in 
the co. Monaghan. After this entry, 
the following note is added in a later 
hand in MS. B. : CCnnf a m-blia- 
jain ro tiof canscrouyi LoclomaiT) 
a n-Cifumi cqxctif t>o p.ei|x anc 
^encu^a. " I" this year below 
(scil, 840) the Lochlannachs came 
first to Ireland, according to the 
senchus (" history "). 

5 Victory. The word in the text 
is cumf tiTTOU-D, which is decidedly 
corrupt. In the corresponding entry 
in the Ann. Four Masters (at the 



same year) the word employed is 
ffvccounea'D, which means a "break- 
ing," ''rout," or "defeat." 

6 Maelruanaidh. King of Uis- 
nech (or Meath) ; and father of 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.), who 
became King of Ireland in A.D. 847. 
See at the year 846 infra, and the 
note on Maelsechnaill under the 
year 838 supra. 

7 Linn-Duachaill. The "Linn (or 
' Pool ') of Duachall." The name of 
some harbour on the coast of the 
co. Louth ; most probably Dundalk 
harbour. But see Todd's Cogadh 
Gaedhel re Gallaibh, Introd., p. Ixii., 
note J . This fortress, or encamp- 
ment, was of course formed by the 
Foreigners. It was a long way from 
it, however, to Tethba, a district 
comprising parts of the present coun- 
ties of Westmeath and Longford. See 
p. 316 ante, note 8 . 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



345 



Death of Murchadh, son of Aedh, King 1 of Connaught. 
The mortal wounding of Cinaedh, son of Coscrach, King 
of Breghmaine, 2 in Tethba. 8 Joseph of Ros-mor, a 
bishop and excellent scribe, and anchorite, abbot of 
Cluain-Eois 1 and other churches, ' fell asleep.' 

KaL Jan. A.D. 840. Gentiles on Loch-Echach still. 
A victory 3 over Maelruanaidh 8 son of Donnchad, by 
Diarmait son of Conchobar; and Diarmait was after- 
wards slain by Maelsechnaill the same day ; and Mael- 
ruanaigh remained alive. Aedh, son of Dunchad, was 
treacherously slain by the companions of Conaing, son of 
Fland, in his presence. A fortress at Linn-Duachaill, 7 
from which the territories and churches of Tethba 8 were 
plundered. A fortress at Dubhlinn, 9 from which Leinster 
and the Ui-Neill were plundered, both territories and 
churches, as far as Sliabh-Bladhma. 10 A hosting by 
Feidhlimidh as far as Carman. 11 A hosting by Niall to 
meet him, as far as Magh-ochtar. 11 

The crozier 12 of vigil-keeping Fedhlimidh, 

Which was left on the thorn-trees, 

Niall bore off, with austral power, 

By right of the battle of swords. 



8 Tethba. See last note. 

9 Dubhlinn. Literally, " Black- 
pool," from which the name "Dub- 
lin '* is derived. Thi3 fortress was 
also formed by the Foreigners, and 
is supposed to have been erected on 
the site of the present Castle of 
Dublin. 

10 'Sliabh-Bladhma. Now known as 
the Slieve-Bloom Mountains, on the 
confines of the King's and Queen's 
Counties. 

11 Carman Magh-ochtar. The 
names of two places in the present 
county of Kildare ; the first (Carman) 
in the south, and the second in the 
north of the county. O'Donovan 
wa wrong in taking " Carman " to 



be the same as " Loch-Garman," the 
old name of Wexford. See his ed. 
of the Ann. Four Matt., A.D. 8-tO, 
note h. It is strange that such an 
acute topographer and scholar, as 
O'Donovan undoubtedly was, should 
have considered it likely that King 
Fedhlimidh, marching from Cashel to 
meet the King of Ireland somewhere 
in Kildare, should go round by Wcx- 
ford, where the Ui- Ceinnselaigh would 
probably have given him very short 
shrift. But the correction of the error 
(which unfortunately has been repeated 
over and over again in works of seem- 
ing authority) would occupy more 
space than could be devoted to it here. 
" CrotUr. The original of these 



[840.] 



346 



ulcroTi. 



CCnno T>ommi 7>ccc. ocl. 1. 
mac Cen.nai5, equommuf ain/o TDacae, mofucun.. 
pop. T)tnblinn beojt pn^nechca mac bp.efail abbaf 
Citte *Dumai glmn, CumfUTD mac Huamtufa abbaf 
T>omnai|; Secnaitl, omnef mofxtn func. peiT>limiT) 
CiUe mofe emn., epifcopuf, quieinc. TTlael/oinn mac 
ConaiU, yu Calaqaoma, DO eyigaBail -DO gennciB. 
CLuana mic Noif o ^ennuiB T>\ Lnn T>uacail. 
bipofi -j ai5|ie o ^ennnB T>I "Duibtinn. 
Mop.T)manno|iuni pofi boinn> -poji Lmn fioiff- 
"Nofvomarmofuim oc Li n n fgi le c latl Iru . TDoyian mac 



1nT)|iechT;ai, abb clocaiyi mac n-TDaimem, 7>u ejigabait 
DU satlai^ Imnae, 7 a ec teo lapum. Com man abbap 
Linne Duacail T>O uvn'Do] tofca-5 o ^ennciti 7 ^o^e- 

T>\ coet 



Ceallach mac Cochin,, abb "Dpoma moeji La 
hll Gcac, T>op.miuiT:. "Oungal mac pejigaile, |ii 



]ct. lanaif. CCnno Domini DCCC O . ocl. 11. 
TTlaeliiuanai'D mic "Donnca-oa (.1. fii TTli-be 7 
fDaelfechlainn). Hlopf Carail mic ConcoBai|i. 
mac T)omnailt lugulauup epc -ootofe, a 



OCfic- 



lines (not in B.) is written in the top 
margin of fol. 406 in A., with a mark 
of reference to the proper place iti the 
text. They were meant to be severe 
against Fedhlimidh, King of Cashel, 
who was a sort of ecclesiastic. 

1 See note 9 , p. 345. 

2 See note 7 , p. 344. 

3 Dublinn The Four Mast. (841) 
say la ^uUcnti bfrnne, "by the 
Foreigners of the Boyne. " But see 



* Linn-Rois. The "Pool of Kos." 
That part of the Boyne (according to 
O'Donovan) opposite Rosnaree, in the 
barony of Lower Duleek, co. Meath. 
Four Mast., A.D. 841, note q. 



^Clochar-mac-nDaimeni. Clogher, 
in the co. Tyrone. See Reeves' Adam- 
nan, p. Ill, note c, where some 
curious information is given regarding 
the history of this place. 

6 Linn. Apparently the place re- 
ferred to in the next entry. 

" Comman. Called Caemhau in the 
Ann. Four Mast., and Chron. Scoto- 
rum, in both of which authorities he 
is stated to have been put to death 
by Foreigners alone. But the Trans- 
lator of the Annals of Clonmacnoise 
(at the year 839) states that " Koe- 
wan (abbott of Lyndvvachill), was 
both killed and burnt by the Danes, 
and some of the Irishmen." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



347 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 841. Muiredach son of Cernach, [g4i.j 
steward of Ard-Macha, died. Gentiles on Dubhlinn 1 still. 
Finsnechta son of Bresal, abbot of Cill-Duma-glinn ; 
Cumsudh son of Ruamlus, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill 
all died. Feidhlimidh of Cill-mor-Enir, a bishop, rested. 
Maelduin son of Conall, King of Calatruim, was taken 
prisoner by Gentiles. The plundering of Cluain-mic-Nois 
by Gentiles from Linn-Duachail. 2 The plundering of 
Biror and Saighir by Gentiles from Dubhlinn. 8 A fleet 
of Norsemen on the Boyne, at Linn-Rois.* Another fleet 
of ^Norsemen at Linn-sailech in Ulster. Moran, son of 
I ndrechtaHETabbot of 13IocIiar-mac-n-Daimeni 5 was taken 
prisoner by the Foreigners of Linn," and afterwards died 
with them. Comman, 7 abbot of Linn-Duachail, 8 was 
wounded and burned by Gentiles and Goidhel. The 
plundering of Disert-Diarmata, 9 by Gentiles from Cael- 
uisce. 10 CeJlach son of Cathgen, abbot of Druim-mor 11 in 
Ui-Echach, ' fell asleep.' Dungal, son of Fergal, King of 
Osraighe, died. 

Kal. Jan. A/D. 842. Death of Maelruanaidh son of [842.J 
Donnehadh, (King of Midhe, and father of Maelsechlainn 18 ). 
Death of Cathal, son of Oonchobar. Artagan, son of 
Domnall, was treacherously slain by Ruarc 18 son of Bran. 



8 Linn-Duacfiaill. Sec note 7 under 
the year 840. 

9 Disert-Diarmata. " Diarmait's 
Desert " (or " hermitage ") The old 
Irish name of Castledermot, a place 
of importance anciently, in the south 
of the County of Kildare, and about 
four miles to the eastward of the 
River Barrow, along which the 
" Gentiles '' from Cael- Uisce probably 
made their way into that part of 
Kildare. 

10 Cael-uisce ; i.e. the " Narrow- 
water," between the head of Carling- 
ford Lough and Newry, co. Down. 



11 Druim-mor ; i.e., the " great 
ridge." Now Dromore, in the barony 
of Upper Iveagh, co. Down. 

l * Maelsechlainn. Malachy I., King 
of Ireland. The name is often found 
written Muelscchnaill. See note on 
the name under the year 838 supra. 
This clause, which is not iu B., is 
interlined in a later hand iu A. 

13 Ruarc. He was king, or chief, 
of the powerful Leinster tribe called 
the Ui-Dunlaing. His death is re- 
corded at the year 860 infra. See 
Shearman's Loca Patriciana, geneal. 
Table xi., facing p. 223. 



348 



uloroti. 



mac bpom. Cinae"o mac Conpoi, pex genepip 

epc o "Oelo'ni. Cumpui) mac "Oepepo ec 
SocaT>ai|, TUO epipcopi ec -DUO ancopice, 
m una nocre mopcui punc 1 n-T>ipipc "Oiapmaca. ep- 
|up mac porai?;, peec Connachc, mopicup. "Donnacan 
mac Tfiaelecuite, pcpiba es ancopica, in Icaba quietus. 
Stnbne mac opannam, abbaf Imleco pio, mopicup. 
Col^u mac pe-oai^ ancopica paupauir. 

Foi. 4iaa. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini -occc. xl. 111. Tnaelmiris 
mac dnae'oa lugulacup epr; a ^encibbup. Ronan abbap 
Cluana rmc Moip "Dopmiuic. bpicceni abbap Lopi 
obnr. Lopca-D cluana pepca bpeni>ain o ^enciB -DO 
toe Hi. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omini DCCC. ocl. nn popinT)an 
abbap aip,T> TDacae T>U ep^at5ail T>U ^ennciB i QLogn 
Y gomajvoai, cona mm-oaiB 7 cona muinnnp, 7 a bpi "DO 
tonsaiB luimmg. Opssain -ouin TYlapc o ^ennr;iB,'DU m 
p,o mapba-o CCe-b mac "Ouifroacpic abb "Cipe T>a laip 7 
Ctuana 61-01115, 7 T>U 111 po mapba-o Ceirepnac mac Con- 
"Dinaipc, pecnap Cilte Tapo, 7 alaite lie. T)una-5 -01 
(.1. ta "Cupseip) pop toe Ui, copop^aT>ap Con- 



1 Two. n (for T>UO), A. Om d - in B. 

2 Night. nocce, A. nocce, B. 

3 See note 9 , p. 347. 

4 Imlech-jia. See note 2 , p. 194 



4 By Gentiles. a genncibup, B. 

' Lothra. Lorrha, in a parish of 
the same name, barony of Lower 
Ormoud, and county of Tipperary. 

7 Forindan. Or Forannan. See 
the entries regarding this ecclesiastic 
at the years 834 and 838, supra. 
His return from Munster is noticed at 
the year 845. 

8 Cluain-comarda.- -Written ct/oen 
comafvocci in A. and B. According 
to Dean 'Reeves this place, the name 



of which signifies the" Lawn (or pad- 
dock) of the sign, or token," now 
known as " Colman's Well," a village 
in the barony of Upper Connello, in 
the southern border of the co. Limerick. 
See Todd's Dano-Irish Wars, Introd., 
p. civ., note 3 . 

9 Luimnech. Limerick. 

10 Dun-Masc. Now known as the 
Rock of Dunamase, a little to the east 
of Maryborough, in the Queen's Co. 

11 Tir-da-glas.- -Terry glass, in the 
barony of Lower Ormond, county of 
Tipperary, where there are some 
ruins, the remains of an imposing 
monastic establishment. 

12 Cluain-Eidhnigh. Clonenagh, in 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



349 



Cinaedb, son of Curoi, King of Cinel-Loeghaire, was slain 
by the Delbhna. Cumsudh son of Derero, and Moinach 
son of Sotchadach, two bishops and two 1 anchorites, died 
in the one night 8 in Disert-Diarmata. 8 Fergus, son of 
Fothach, King of Connaught, died. Donnacan son of 
Maeltuile, scribe and anchorite, ' rested ' in Italy. Suibhne 
son of Forannan, abbot of Imlech-fia, 4 died. Colgu son 
of Fedach, an anchorite, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 843. Maelmithigh, son of Cinaedh, 
was slain by Gentiles. 5 Ronan, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
Nois, ' fell asleep.' Bricceni, abbot of Lothra, 6 died. 
Burning of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, by Gentiles from 
Loch-Ri 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 844. Forindan, 7 abbot of Ard-Macha, 
was taken prisoner by Gentiles in Oluain-comarda, 8 with 
his reliquaries and his ' family/ and carried off by the 
ships of Luimnech. 9 The plundering of Dun-Masc 10 by 
Gentiles, wherein was slain Aedh son of Dubhdacrich, 
abbot of Tir-da-glas 11 and Cluain-Eidhnigh, 12 and wherein 
were slain Ceithernach son of Cudinaisc, vice-abbot of 
Cill-dara, and several others. A host 13 of the Foreigners 
(i.e. with Turges 11 ) on Loch-Ri, so that they destroyed 



the barony of Maryborough West, 
Queen's County. 

13 Host. The word in .the text is 
Tjuna'6, which signifies ' fortress,' 
' encampment, 1 ' army,' or multitude. 
In the Chron. Scotorum, at A.D. 845, 
the word used is T>un, which mean? 
a ' fastness,' or ' fortress,' In the 
Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh, the 
corresponding term is tonsef , a fleet 
(from Ions, a ship). Todd's ed., p. 
12. The Four Mast, have floige-o, 
a hosting, or expedition. 

14 With Tvryes. The original of 
this parenthetic clause, which is not 
in B., has been added in al. num. in 
A. The identity of this Turges (or 



Turgesius, as bis name has been 
Latinized), who seems to have made 
himself very odious to the Irish by 
his oppression and cruelty, has for 
centuries been a subject of idle con- 
jecture. Giraldus Cambrensis, Top. 
Hib. Dist. iii , c. 38, identifies Tur- 
gesius with the Gormund of Geoffrey 
of Monmouth's Chronicle (lib. xL c. 
viii.) But Father Shearman tries to 
prove that this so-called African King 
Gonnundus was a chieftain of the 
Leinster sept of MacGormans. Loca 
Fatriciana, p. 215. See O'Donovan's 
ed. of Ann. Four Mast., A.u. 843, 
notes d. g, and Todd's War oj the 
Gaedhil with the Gaill, Introd., p. Iii. 



[843.] 



[844.] 



350 



CCNNCClCC 



HniTe, 7 co fio lopcaifet; CUiain mic 
>, 7 Cluaen pejrca bfieriT>ain, 7 "Gift T>CC 
Loqaa 7 alaile caqfiaca. pacna mac 
abbaf "Pmn-otibiiacabae, Tnofiirup. gofimsal mac 
eT>aic, epifcoptip ec ancofiiea Lamne leiyie, quieuiu. 
pop ^ennce fie Niatl mac defta 1 mai 
"Oonnca-oa mic pollomain 7 lainn 
1Tlael|iuanai5, la TTlaelfecnaill mac 



cona 



Ca- 



mic 



iltoc uai\ ia|ium. LabfiaiT> mac (DCilello abbap Stane 
Tlobajirac mac b|\efait, abbaf achaiT) bo 
mo^icufi. Uoba^irac mac plamn, abbaf 
;up. T)una > 5 TI ^atlaiB CCua cba^ 
oc Cluanaib aiToobuifi. 

let. lanaiyi. CCnno Domini T>CCC. xi. u. Ca^al 
mac CCitetlo \iex nepocum TDame, "Pefifroomnac fapienf 
ifiTro TTlacae, Connmac mop mac 
nepor;um bfinnn, T>ofimie|iiinT:. Ofi^ain 
Foi. 41 ab. baifbcce T>O %ennT;if>. Hiall mac CCeT)a fiex "Cemjio (.1. 
ic linne Neill poyi Caltaint)), mejifione mopr;uup eye. 



1 See note ", p. 348. 

2 See note 6 , p. 348. 

3 Finnabhair-abha. Fennor, near 
Slane, co. Menth. 

4 Lann-leire. See note 15 , p. 205, 
supra. 

5 Niall King of Ireland. 

* Drowning of Turges. In none of 
the Irish Chronicles is it absolutely 
stated that Turgesius was drowned by 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.) ; the 
statement being that Turgesius was 
drowned after his capture. But 
Mageoghegau, in liis translation of 
the Annals of Clonmacnoise, at A.D. 
842, says, " Turgesius was taken by 
Moyleseaghlyn mac Moyleronie, and 
he afterwards drownded him in the 
poole of Loghware adjoining to 
Molyngare." In the Book of Leinsttr 



also (p. 25, col. b,) it is positively 
asserted that Turgesius was drowned 
by Maelsechlainn. The silly story 
given by Giraldus (Topog. Hib., 
dist. III., c. 40) alleging that Tur- 
gusius was assassinated by 15 young 
Irishmen, disguised as females, is 
without any foundation whatever. 

7 Loch- Uair. Now known as Logh- 
Owel, in the co. Westmeath. 

8 Achadh-bo-Cainniffh. The " field 
of (St.) Canice's cows." Aghaboe, in 
the Queen's County. 

9 Cluana-andobair. Cluccnct ccii- 
cobaiii, B. This place has not been 
identified. The Four Masters, in the 
corresponding entry in their Annals 
(A.D. 843), add that the "fold of 
Cill-achaidh" (Killeigh, barony of 
Geashill, King's County,) was burned ; 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



351 



Connaught and Midhe, and burned Cluain-mic-Nois, with 
its oratories, and Cluain-ferta-Brendainn, and Tir-da- 
glas, 1 and Lothra, 2 and other establishments. Fiachna 
son of Maelbresail, abbot of Finnabhair-abha, 8 died. 
Gormghal son of Muiredach, bishop and anchorite of 
Lann-leire, 4 rested. A battle was gained over the, 
NialP sonT_of_Aedh, in Maorh-Itha. The 



plundering of Donnchadh son of Fallomhan, and of Flann 
sonof Maelruanidh, by 



Turges was taken prisoner by Maelsechnaill ; and the 
drowning of Targes" subsequently in Loch-Uair. 7 Labraidh 
son of Ailill, abbot of Slane, died. Robhartach son of 
Bresal, abbot of Achadh-bo-Cainnigh, 8 dies. Robhartach 
son of Flann, abbot of Domnach-raor, died. An encamp- 
ment of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath at Cluana-andobair. 9 

o 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 815. Cathal son of Ailill, King of 
Ui-Maine ; Ferdomnach, a wise man, and excellent scribe, 
of Ard-Macha, [and] Connmhach jVI6r, 10 son of Coscrach, 
King of Ui-Briuin, 'fell asleep.' The plundering of 
Baislic 11 by Gentiles. Niall 12 son of Aedh, King of 
Temhair, died by drowning (i.e., at Linne-Neill on the 
Calland 18 ). 



L845.] 



from which it would appear that 
Cluana-andobair was in the neigh - 
bourhood of Killeigh. 

10 Connmhach-Mor. See above at 
the year 835. 

11 Baislic. Baslick, in the parish of 
the same name, barony of Castlereagh, 
county Roscommon. 

12 Niall. -Niall Gallic, monarch of 
Ireland. The name " Niall,'' with the 
epithet " Caille," is added in the margin 
in A., and interlined in B. Niall Caille 
has been regarded by Irish writers gene, 
rally as one of the legitimate kings of 
Ireland. But it is strange that his name 
does not appear in the list contained in 



the Book oj Letnster (pp. 24-26). This 
maj- be an accidental omission. The 
beginning of Niall's reign is noticed 
at the year 832 (=833), supra. 

13 Calland. Represented by jet. 
in A. and B., in each of which the 
original of the clause is interlined. 
Supposed to be the River Callan, 
which flows by Armagh city, and 
joins the Blackwater a little to the 
north of Charlemont. O'Donovan 
thought that the ' water " (or river) 
meant was the Callan (otherwise 
called King's River), in the co. Kil- 
kenny. (Four Mast. A.D. 844, note n.) 
But this seems unlikelv. 



352 



<XNN<XlCC UlOTOtl. 



"Mi cap,ccini in m fci n-tmabaif 
Imreic feoc coeb m'anaif, 
CC CattaiiTD ce nomai'oe 
TTlac mna banse p,o 






TTlael-DUin mac Conaill, pex Calacpoma, lugutacuf a 
tagenenfibiif. "Khali mac Cinrcpaela-D, fiex nepocum 
pn>5ennci,mopit;up. betlum pop Connacca pe ^atlaiB, 
m quo Risan mac pep^upa, 7 TTlospon mac Thapmoca, 
7 CCe-o mac Ca6fiannai, ec alu mulci, ceci7)e|iunc. 
Romui'D|ie < Ci5epnac -po|i TTlaelfecnaittypop. Rua[fi]cc, 
in quo r;p,uciT>aT:i func mulci. THuifieT)ac mac "plam-o, 
abb momfcp.ec bua, mo|iT:u[u]f efc. ponin7)an abb 
ain/tromacae T>U nachrain a cifiiB TTluman, co minnaiB 
Coiiipfn mac Colmam, abb CC6a cpuim, mop.- 
Conam^ mac pefvoomnai^, abbap 



]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Dommi 7>ccc. 
(.1. mac Cyumcain), fiex TDuman, 
pau^auic fcfiiba ec ancoynra. TTlaetfecnaill mac 
Tnaelpuanai yiegnafie mcipic. 'Cojal mnfi loca 
TTIuinn.emai|i la TDaetfecnaitl -pop, piantac map, T)i 
maccaib baif Luigne 7 ^aleng pobacap oc m'opiU'D na 
mope ^encilium. Uoimu'5 ma^ pe Cepball mac 



1 Ui-FidgentL See note ', p. 150 
tupra. 

2 Maelsechnaill. The beginning of 
his reign as monarch of Ireland is 
entered under the next year. See a note 
respecting him at the year 838 stipra. 

3 Ruorc. Ruarc, son of Bran, chief 
of the Ui-Dunlaing, and for nine 
years King of Leinster. See above 
under the year 842. His death is 
recorded at 861 infra. 

4 Forindan. Mentioned above at 
years 834 and 838. 



* Ath-truim. Trim, co. Meath. 

6 Domnach - Patraic. Donagh- 
patrick, in a parish of the same name, 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
The first of the entries for this year, 
namely the obit of Cathal son of 
Ailill, King of Ui-Maine, is here 
added in a later hand in A. 

7 Son of Crimthan. The original 
of this clause is added by way of 
gloss in A. and B. 

8 Of the Scoti. ScocofxtiTn. Om. 
in B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



353 



I love not the hateful water, 

Which flows by the side of my house ; 

0, Oalland, though thou may'st boast of it, 

Thou hast drowned the son of a beloved mother. 

Maelduin, son of Conall, King of Calatruim, was slain by 
Leinstermen. Niall son of Cennfaeladh, King of Ui- 
Fidgenti, 1 died. A battle won over the Connaughtmen, 
by Foreigners, in which Rigan son of Fergus, and 
Moghron son of Diarmait, and Aedh son of Cathrannach, 
and a great many others, were slain. A victory by 
Tigernach over Maelsechnaill, 2 and over Ruarc, 8 in which 
many were killed. Muiredach son of Flann, abbot of 
Manistir-Buti, died. Forindan, 4 abbot of Ard-Macha, 
came from the lands of Munster, with the reliquaries of 
Patrick. Coirpre, son of Colman, abbot of Ath-truim,' 
died. Conaing, son of Ferdomnach, abbot of Domnach- 
Patraic, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 846. Fedlimidh (i.e. son of Crimthan 7 ), [846.] 
King of Munster, the best of the Scoti, 8 a scribe and . . . 
anchorite, rested. Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanaidh r"*r 
begins to reign. 9 The demolition of the island of Loch- /" *if 
Muinremar 10 by Maelsechnaill, against a great band of 
' sons of death '" of the Luighne 1 * and Gailenga," who 
were plundering the districts after the manner of the 
Gentiles. A great victory by Cerbhali 1 * son of Dungal 



9 Begins to reign. As King of Ire- 
land. Added in the margin in A. 
See under the year 838. 

10 Loch- Muinremar. Now Lough 
Ramor, near Virginia, in the barony 
of Castlerahan, co. Cavan. 

11 ' Sons of death ' ; i.e. malefactors. 
O'Conor incorrectly renders the orig- 
inal, di maccaib luis, by " Vulgi 
profauL" 

12 Luighne. A district now repre- 
sented by the barony of Lune, co.Meath . 



13 Gailenga. Otherwise Gailenga- 
mora. Now known as the barony 
of Morgallion, in the north of the 
county of Heath. 

14 Cerbhall. King of Ossory 
(during 40 years, according to the 
Book ofLeinster, p. 40, col. 5). For 
much interesting information regard- 
ing the history of this remarkable 
man, who is stated to have been King 
of the Danish settlement in Dublin, 
and som of whoso descendants are 

2A 



354 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



.b. 



"Oungaite pop CCgonn, in quo ceci-oepunc TKX cec -oeac. 
TTIaetsoan mac GcTac, pecc cemuit Oo^aine, mopuuip 
epc. Ceattac mac filaetpacpaic, pecnab pep Hoip 
T>ep abcmTD, mopisup. Conn mac mac Cepnaig, tepi 
Ciapai-otTCbnnack;, mop-uup epc. CCpsuip mac YYluipe- 
T>ai, pi mpraip tipi, moprmip epc. Carat mac Copcpaie, 
pi pocapt;, 111511 tamp ept; a nepotribup "Meill. 

jet. lanaip. CCnno T)ommi T)ccc. act. un. t-1ix 
ma^na m jcalen-oip pebpuap.n. pmpnecra 
ancop.ica, ec pex Connachc anrea, mopcuup epc. 
cap mac Cobrai|, pex Ltn^ne, mopxuup epr. Car pe 
VTIaetpecnaitt pop ^enci 1 ^opai^, m cftio ceci-oeptint: 
tin. cec. bettum pe n-Olcobtip pi ITliiman, 7 pe 
lopssan mac Cettaig co Laigniu, pop^ennci ecc pciaic 
Neccam, in quo ceciDic Tompaip epett canrpe pig 
FI. 4iifl. Lcn^tmne, 7"pa cer; T>ec imbi. HomiU'D pe Tijjepnac pop. 
Sennci 1 n-T)aip)U T)ipipu T)oconna, m quo ceciT>epunr; 
na cec T>ecc. Romui'D pe n-eu^anacbc Caipit pop, 
ice T)tin TTIaetecuite, m quo cecToepunr; .u. cec. 



- Cinel-Boyhaiiie. See note 9 , p. 85, 
supra. 

3 Vice-abbot. pocnccp. The Four 
Matt. (A.D. 845) write pp,ioiyi 
('' prior "). 

4 Fera-Rois, south of the River. 
Probably the River Lagan, which 
divides the southern part of the co. 
Monaghan from the counties of Meath 
and Louth. The territory of the 
Fera-Kois, a name still represented 
in Magheross and Carrickmacross, 
comprised the barony of Farney, in 
the south of the co. Monaghan, 
together with adjacent parts of the 
two latter counties. 

5 Ciaraidhe (or Ciarraidhe) . A 
district afterwards known by the 
name of Claim Ceithernaig!i,or Clan- 
kcrny, near Castlereagh, in the couuty 
of Roscommon. 



alleged to have bi-come great persons 
in Iceland (both statements resting, 
apparently, on insufficient authority). 
See the references in Todd's Coyad/t 
Gaedhil re Gallalbh, indicated in the 
Index under Cearbhall. s. of Dunyall, 
and Shearman's Loco. Patriciana, 
pp. 353, 356. The Irish Chronicles 
make ho mention of Cerbhall's king- 
ship of Dublin, or of the alleged 
connexion of his descendants with 
Iceland. 

1 Agoitn. 05011, in A. and B., 
which O'Conor renders by " de prse- 
douibus." The Chron. Scotorum (A.D. 
847) has agotTD. See that Chronicle, 
ed. Hennessj',p. 148, note '. TheFo^w 
J/.*/;., in the corresponding entry (A.D. 
845) write pop, ^aUxxib CCca ctmc 
("over the Foreigners of Ath-clinth 
(' Dublin'), which may be correct"). 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



335 



over Agonn, 1 in which twelve hundred were slain. 
Maelgoan, son of Echaid, King of Cinel-Boghaine, 2 died. 
Cellach, son of Maelpatraic, vice-abbot 8 of Fera-Rois, 
south of the River/ died. Connmach, son of Cernach, 
half-king of Ciaraidhe 5 of Connaught, died. Artuir, son 
of Muircdach, King of larthar-Lifi, 13 died. Cathal, son of 
Coscrach, King of Fotharta, was slain by the Ui-Neill. 

Kal. Jan. A.n. 847. Great snow on the Kalends of [ 847 1 
February. Finsncchta of Luibnech, 7 an anchorite, and 
previously King of Connaught, died. Tuathchar, son of 
Cobthach, King of Luighne, died. A battle [gained] by 
Maelseclmaill over Foreigners, in Forach, 8 wherein seven 
hundred were slain. A battle [gained] by Olchobar, 
King of Munster, and by Lorcan, son of Cellach, with the 
Leinstermen, over the Foreigners, at Sciath-Nechtain, 9 
in which Tomrair Erell, 10 tanist of the King of Lochlann, 
and twelve hundred along with him, were slain. A 
victory by Tigernach 11 over the Gentiles in Daire-Disirt- 
Dochonna, 12 in which twelve hundred 13 were slain. A 
victory by ihe Eoghanacht-Caisil over the Gentiles, at 
Dun-Maeletuile, in which five hundred were slain. A 



' larthar-Liji. See note 7 , p. 100, 
tvpra. 

7 Finsncchta of Luibnech. - Regard- 
ing this Finsnechta (or Finnnchta), see 
the Chron. Scotorum (ed. Hennessy), 
p. 148, note 3 . O'Donovan erred 
greatly regarding the situation of 
Luibneih,now Limerick, in the parish 
of Kilcavan, co. Wexford. See Ann. 
Four Mast., A.D. 846, note w. 

Forach. Now Farragh, near 
Skreen, in the co. Meath. 

9 Sciath-Nechtain. " Nechtan's 
Shield (or Bush)." See this place 
mentioned at the yoar 769, sujtra. 

10 Tomrair- Erell. Regarding this 
prominent character, see Todd's 
" War of the Gaedhil with the Gaill," 
Iiitrod., p. Ixvii., note 4 . 



11 Tigtnirtch. In tlie Ann. Four 
Mast. (84(1), and the Chron. Scotorum 
(848), Tigernach is called King of 
Loch- Gabhnr, a district the name of 
wh'ch is now preserved in that of 
Lagore, in the barony of Ratoatli, co. 
Meath. 

12 Daire - Disirt- Dochonna The 
" oak-wood of Dochonna's desert." 
This place has not been identified. 
Todd states (\Varof the Gaedhil, &c., 
Introd., p. Ixviii., note) that it was 
in Ulster. But this is unlikely, as 
the victor was King, or prince, of 
a district in the south of the co. 
Meath. 

13 Twelve hundred. The Four Mas- 
ters (846) and Chron. Scotorum (848) 
give the loss of the "Gentiles" at 

2 A2 



356 



ccNNcclcc uloroti. 



Coemclofc abba-o i n-ajvo TYlacae .1. Thenmaic in tncem 
pofunTjmn. "Oiafimaic CilLe Can 7)on,rmuic. . 

jet. lanain. CCnno -nornim -occc. xl. 11111. Conam^ 
mac plaint) n.ex bnef; mofucufi. Coifipni mac CinaeTto 
fiex nepocum TTlaet mofiump efc. pinpiechca mac 
Thajimaca abba-p*0oimliacc, TTlael-puacais abbaf aifvo 
bfiecain, Oncu epifcopup ec anconica Slane, obienunc. 
CCibll mac Cumufcai^, fiex Loca cat, moiiicun. ptaic- 
beprxxc mac Ceitecai|i occifUf efc a -pfia^fiibup T %u1 f* 
tnuijipecc .un. xx. tons -01 mtnnnnfi ^115 Salt -ou nach- 
cam -DU rabaific g^eamma popf na ^aillu fioba-oan, 
a|i a ciunn, co commafcpat; hOfienn n-uile iapum. 
1nT>fiechT;ac abb 1ae to -ciachcain -Docum n-6fienn co 
minT>aib Coluim cille. Robafirac mac Golden, abbap 
Slane, exulauic. plannacan mac 6cT>ac, |\ex -oail 
CCfiaiT)e m cuaifcitiu, lugulacuf e^c a senejie 
TTlaelbfiefail mac Cepnai^, fiex Tnus-ooiina, lu 
epc a gencilibup pofc conuepfionem fuam a-o 
CCi|iir>T)an abbap benncaiji TtoixmiUTC. popbair TTlael- 
fecnaill hi Ctiupaiu. 

jet. Gnaifi. CCnno "Domini T>CCC. xl. ix. Ceca-oac 
abbaf Cluana mic tl Woif, j "Cua^al mac "Penxniaic 
abbap Rechfian-o 7 "Oe^maise, 7 pejican. mac TTlui|ie- 
Bais pjimcepf Lamne lepe, Depqncn func. Oenguf mac 



" twelve score," which seems more 
reasonable. 

1 Change of abbots. This is the 
third instance recorded in this chron- 
icle of a change of abbots at Armagh, 
in connexion with the names of 
Forindan and Diarmtit. See above, 
at the years 834 and 838. 

2 Gill-Can. So in A. and B. But 
the Four Mast, write the name Cill- 
Caisi, now known as Kilcash, in the 
parish of Kilcash, barony of Ufa and 
Offa East, co. Tipperary. 



8 Ui-MailA. tribe anciently occu- 
P3 r ing a district including the Glen of 
Imail, in the present co. of Wicklow. 

4 Loch- Col. The name of this 
territory is still preserved in that of 
Loughgall, a parish in the county of 
Armagh. 

4 Reliquaries. In the partial trans- 
lation of this Chronicle in Clar. 49, 
Brit. Museum, co Tnitroaib is ren- 
dered by with his [Colum Cille's] 
" oathes or sanctified things." 

* Lived in exile. exutauic. The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



357 



[848.] 



change of abbots 1 in Ard-Macha, to wit, Diarmait in the 
place of Forindan. Diarmait of Gill-Can* ' fell asleep." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 848. Conaing, son of Fland, King of 
Bregh, died. Coirpri, son of Cinaedh, King of Ui-Mail, 1 
died. Finsnechta son of Diarmait, abbot of Daimliag ; 
Maelfuataigh, abbot of Ard-Brecain, [and] Onchu, bishop 
and anchorite of Slane, died. Ailill, son of Cumuscach, 
King of Loch-Cal, 4 died. Flaithbertach, son of Celechar, 
was killed by his brothers. A naval expedition of seven f 
score ships of the people of the King of the Foreigners/ 
came to exercise power over the Foreigners who were/ 
before them, so that they disturbed all Ireland afterwards] 
Indrechtach, abbot of la, came to Ireland, with the 
reliquaries 8 of Colum-Cille. Robartach son of Colgu, 
abbot of Slane, lived in exile. 8 Flannacan, 7 son of 
Echaid, King of Dal-Araide of the North, was slain by 
the Cinel-Eoghain. Maelbresail, son of Cernach, King of 
Mughdoma, was slain by Gentiles, after his conversion to - . 
religion. 8 Airendan, abbot of Bennchair, ' fe^fl asleep.' 'y 
Encampment of Maelsechnaill in Crupait. 9 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 849. Cetadhach, abbot of Cluain-mic- 
U-Nois ; and Tuathal son of Feradhach, abbot of Rechra 10 
and Dermagh, 11 and Ferchar son of Muiredhach, abbot of 
Lann-le'ri, 18 died. Oengus, son of Suibhne, King of Mugh- 



[840.] 



Four Matter* give his obit under the 
year 847=849. 

7 Flannacan. His name is not in 
the list of the Rings of Dal-Araide 
contained in the Book of Leimter, 
p. 41, col. 5. 

8 Conversion to religion. pore 
conuejxponem rtmm cro clejxicor. 
This means that Maebresail had em- 
braced a religious life. See the Ann. 
Four Mast. (847), and Chron. Scot- 
orum (849). 

9 Crupait. The name is "Cru- 
fait" in the Ann. Four Mast (847), 
which is also the form in Ltbor na 



h-Uidre, p. 127o, where the ancient 
name of the place is stated to have 
been Rae ban, "white plain" (or 
" field "). It has not been identified. 
O'Donovan suggests (F. 3f., A.. 
847, note n) that it may be the place 
now known as Croboy, in tho barony 
of Upper Moyfenraih, co. Meath. 

10 Rechra. Lambay Island, to the 
north of Howth, co. Dublin. 

11 Dermagh Durrow,inthe barony 
of Ballycowan, King's County. 

u Lann-leri. Otherwise written 



Lann - leire. 
tupra. 



See .note ", p. 206 



353 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOTl. 



Foi. 4iw. 



v 



Suibne, peoc TDus-oopna, Higularuf ep^ o ^appD pbo 
TTl'aetbfiisrae. dnaef* mac Conam^, pex dannaccae, 
-on ppifroin-pect: TD aelpecnaill anneufir ^all, co p' HTOPIT> 
Ou Meill o finai iTO co muip etip cella 7 cuaa, 7 co p* 
ope mnp Loca gabup-oolope, copbo comapTro ppi a lap, 
7 coyiotfcfcro lei^ -oepcac T^peoic 7 tpi xx ic -oec T>I 
DOimtS cmn. bpoen mac RuaTpac, |iex nepoctim C|ia- 
unirani, ec -DUO geyiTnani eiUf .1. "Po^e^ac ec byiuaT:u|i, 
lusutaci fimc a ppacyvTbuf ftiif. 
jet. 1anai|i. GCnno Domini T>CCC. l. Cols^u mac 



pjuncepp Cille commae, Scannal mac "Cib- 
pinncepf -oomnais Secnailt, Otcoba]i .1. mac 
Cmae-oa yiex Caifil, mofir;ui func. CniaeT> mac 
Conciing, fiex Ciannachca, Deme^f Uf efr 111 lacu cfiu-oeli 
mopxe, o 1Tlaetfecnaill 7 o ^isefinac, T>I yoefmaib^ 
-oonie n-ejienn 7 comafibbai 

TTlonuavi a T)oine 

ba feyiri a laici 

filop, Imch dnaech mac Conamg 

Tit lomaiiT) Docum cuiti. 

Tecacc -pubgennn T)U CCc cba^, co fiatfar; d]i mop. T)U 
pinngallaiB, 7 co po [pjlacpac m lonspopc ecip -ooine 
7 moine. 8lac T>O 'ouCsenncib oc tm-o T>uacail, 7 dp 



1 Garfidh. " 

Masters (848) write the name 
(Jech. 

2 Alael&echnaill. King of Ireland 
at the time. 

- To ths sea ; i.e. from the Shannon 
eastwards to the sea. The words co 
imnfi ('' to the sea ") are erroneously 
represented in A. and B. by comrn. 
The liberty has been taken of amend- 
ing the text, on the authority of the 
Ann. Four Mast. (848), and the Chron. 
Scotoi'um (850). It appeared plain, 
besides, that the compiler of ihis 
Chronicle intended to use the same 
form of expression, o pnaiTTO co 



., employed under the year 836 
supra, where the extent of the terri- 
torj- of the (southern) Ui-Neill was 
thus indicated. 

4 Level with the surface. The expres- 
sion in the text, com ayvoT> pp,i atafi, 
means " equally high with its floor." 

5 Was burned. cojiolfCfci'D, for 
co yxo lofccro, A. B. tO't 

6 C'lll-Toma. Kiltoom, in the 
parish of Faughals^own, barony of 
Fore, and county of Westmeath. 

7 Cwaedk See under the last year 

where hia rebellion against. King 
Maelsechnaill (or Malachy I.), and 
his depredations, are recorded. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



359 



.. ' . 
I850.J 



dorna, was killed by Garfidh, 1 son of Maelbrigte. Cinaedh, 
son of Conaing, King of Cianachta, turned against Mael- 
sochnaill, 2 through the assistance of the Foreigners, so 
that he wasted the Ui-Neill, both churches and districts, 
from the Sinainn to the sea, 8 and treacherously destroyed 
the island of Loch Gabhar so that it was level with the 
surface ; 4 and the oratory of Treoit was burned 5 by him, 
and 260 men in it. Braen son of lluadhri, King of Ui- 
Cremthain, and his two brothers, viz., Fogartach and 
Bruatar, were slain by their brethren. 

Kal. Jan. AD. 850. Colgu son of Cellach, abbot of 
Cill-Toma ; Scannal son of Tibraite, abbot of Domnach- 
Sechnaill, [and] Olchobar, i.e., the son of Cinaedh, King of 
Caisel, died. Cinaedh 7 son of Conaing, king ot Cianachta, 
was drowned in a pool, 8 a cruel death, by Maelsechnaill 
and Tigernach, 9 vyj^theapproval of the good men of 
Ireland, and of the successor of Patrick especially. 

Alas, 10 O good people, 

His days of play were better ! 

Great grief that Cinaedh, son of Conaing, 

[Should be taken] in ropes to a pool. 

The coming of Black Foreigners to Ath-cliatli, who made 
a great slaughter of the White Foreigners; and they 
plundered 11 the fortress, between people and property. 
A depredation by the Black Foreigners at Linn-Duachail, 
and a great slaughter of them [the White Foreigners]. 12 



8 Drowned in a pool. in Lucu. 
According to the Aim. Four Mast,. 
(849), Cinaedh was drowned in the 
Ainge (written Angi iu the Chrun. 
Scotorum) (861), now called the 
Itiver Nanny, which divides the 
baronies of Upper and Lower Duleek, 
in the county of Meath. 

9 Tiijernach. King, or lord, of 
Loch-Gabhar, in Meath. See under 
the year 847. 



10 Alas! The original of these lines, 
not given in 1J., is added in the lower 
margin of fol. 416, iu A. 

11 They plundered. co fiol/ac^ac, 
for co fvo fkicrac, A. and B. The 
Fvur J/. (at 849) have co \\.o 
mt>ip.pec; the Chrnn. Scotorum 
(851) 5uj\ in'oijipoc, couvej'ing 
nearly the same meaning as the 
expression in the text. 

n \\'liitc Foreigner?. Supplied from 



360 



CCNNCClCC UlCfOtl. 



mop. -onb. Congatac piliup Ipgalaic, peoc CoilLe 
poltamain, mopisup. HigDal 1 n-apT>T> TTIacae ecip, 
TTIaelpecnaill co maiaB leith Cuinn, 7 Tnatxroan co 
mcn&B COICI-D Concobaip, 7 *0epmai7 pecgna co pamai) 
Paepaicc, 7 Suaplec co cl6ipcit5 TTIi'De. Caipell mac 
Rucrbpac, pex loca htlaicne, lu^utaeup epc T>olope ance 
popcam opcrcofm 'dsepnail hi Ctuain auif, o Conailtit5 
Pepnmuigi. 6cu mac Cepnaig, pex pep Roip, 
peccup epc a gencilibup. "Cippaici nepop 
abbap Lipp moep, T>opmiuii;. 
b. ]ct. lanaip. CCnnoT>omini -occc. 1. i. "Duo tiepeT>ep 
Parpicn .1. popmnan pcpiba ec epipcopup er; ancopica, 
&c "Oepmaic papiennppimup omnium 7)occopum Ou- 
popae, quieuepunr. Uapcauio aip-o TTIacae o 
LinDae T)ie pamcapc. Luce ochc xx ic long T>I p 
t>o poaccaT>ap T>U cac ppi "Dubsennci t>o pnarfi 
"Cpi la 7 cpi aici oc carugaT) T>oaib, ace ip pe n- 
5enni:i pommeabaifi, co papj^abpana ceile allonga teu. 
8cam pugieiuup euapie, ec lepcne T>ecolLaeup lacuiu 
Foi 42aa. TDoengal abbap CCip'D'De ppaca, er; CennpaelaT) mac 
ULeain papienp boiee conaip, ee Lepgal ppmcepp 
poj;epeac mac TTlaelebpepail, pex 



Ann. Four Mast. (849), and Chron. 
Scotorum (851). 

1 Coille-FottamJialn, According to 
the Felire of Oengus, the church of 
Rosseach, (Rassagh, in the barony of 
Moygoish, co. Westmeath), was in 
Caille-Fallamain. See Stokes's ed., 
p. cxlv. 

2 Leth-Chuinn. " Conn's Half." 
The northern half of Ireland. 

3 Matodhan. King of Ulidia. His 
obit is recorded at the year 856 infra. 

4 Province ofConchobar. A bardic 
name for Ulster, oyer which Couchobar 
Mac Nessa ruled in the first century 
of the Christian Era. But Matodhan 
was only King of Ulidia, or that 



portion of Ulster comprising the 
present county of Down, with part of 
Antrim. 

5 Diarmait. This was the person 
so often referred to in these Annals, 
in connexion with the Abbacy of 
Armagh. See note 4 under the year 
847 supra. 

6 Loch-Uaithne This name is now 
represented by " Loughooney," in the 
barony of Dartry, co. Monaghan. 

7 Cluain-auis. Clones, county 
Monaghan. 

8 Fera-Rols See a note respecting 
this district, at the year 846 supra. 

9 Heirs. In the margin in A. the 
scribe has added the number 420, that 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



361 



Congalach, son of Irgalach, King of Coille-Follamhain, 1 
died. A royal meeting in Ard-Macha, between Maelsech- 
naill, with the nobles of Leth-Chuinn, 8 and Matodhan 8 . 
with the nobles of the province of Conchobar, 4 and 
Diarmait 5 and Fethgna, with the congregation of Patrick, 
and Suarlech with the clerics of Midhe. Cairell son of 
Ruadhri, King of Loch-Uaithne,' was deceitfully slain 
before the door of the oratory of Tigernach in Cluain- 
auis, 7 by the Conailli of Fernmagh. Echu, son of 
Cernach, King of Fera-Rois, 8 was slain by Gentiles. 
Tipraite Ua Baithenaigh, abbot of Lis-mor, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 851. Two heirs 9 of Patrick, viz., [851.] BIS. 
Forindan, scribe, and bishop, and anchorite, and Diarmait, 
the wisest of all the doctors of Europe, rested. Devasta- 
tion of Ard-Macha by the Foreigners of Linn 10 on the . 
day of Sam-chase. 11 A fleet of eight score ships of White I 
Gentiles came to fight against the Black Gentiles, to \ 
Snamh-aignech. They were three days and three nights 12 
fighting ; but the Black Gentiles were successful, that 
the others left their ships with them. Stain 18 escaped by 
flight, and lercne" was beheaded. Moenghal, abbot of 
Ard-sratha, and Cennfaeladh son of Ultan, wise man of 
Both-Conais, 15 and Lergal abbot of Othan, 18 ' fell asleep. 
Fogartach son of Maelbresail, King of the Airghialla, 



being the number of years elapsed 
since the beginning of the Chronicle 
(431). 

"Linn; i.e. Linn-Duachaill. See 
above, at the year 841, and Todd's 
War of the Gaedhil, &c., Introd., p. 
IxiL, note . 

11 Sam-chase. " Summer Easter." 
The Four Mast. (850) write an 
oomnac iafx ccaifc (" the Sunday 
after Easter," rendered by " the 
Sunday before Easter" in O'Dono- 
van's translation). But according to 
other authorities, Sam-chase was a 
name for the fifth Sunday after 



Trinity Sunday. See Chron. Scot- 
orum (ed. Hennessy), p. 152, not 1 . 

12 Three days and three nightt in. 
la 7 .111. aitci, A. B. 

13 Stain. Written like 8cam 
(Stam) in A. and B. 

14 lercne. Written eificne in B. 

15 Both- Conais. The remains of 
this ancient ecclesiastical establish- 
ment have been discovered by Dean 
Reeves in the townland of Carrow- 
more, in the pariah of Culdaff, barony 
of Inishowen East, co. Donegal. 
Adamnan, p. 405, note g. 

18 Othan. Fahan, in the parish of 



362 



uloroti. 



na n-CCin|;ialla, mofiicup. Caual mac THibaen, peoc 
Oa n-THiac Ctpcacpoip, mopiuup. ponbapac mac 
1T)aeltMT>ip, ppmcepp CilLe mope CiiToeic, mopicup. 
7y . CCp DI ^atlai15 oconai^ mpiB aipip bpeg, 7 ap aile uc 
pair CCt-oani la Cicmnachc, 111 uno menpe. 

Jet. laiiaip. CCnno Domini T>CCC. l. n. CCibll mac 
Hobaptai|ppinceppLupcan, er; plann mac Hechcabpai) 
abbaf lei^ fllancain, ec CCilgenan mac "DonngaiLe pex 
Caipl, 7)cpuncci func. CCmlaim mac pi LaibnT>e T>O 
cui-oeclic a n-e^niT), copo^iallfac ^aill OjienT) T)6, 7 cip 
o 5 01 ^ )e ^ ai ^ > 6cr;i5e|in mac ^uaipe, pex Laigen 
-oe^'saljap., HistiLar:!!] 1 efc -Dolose, a bptictcafi pbo CCef>o 
7 o Ceyiball pilio "Dtin^aile ; ec bjiuacap pibuf CCe-oo 
lu^ulacuf ept; T)olofe a focnp f ui]' inn. Die poy^c 111511- 
laoonem eccigeiin. pLacma abbap Oi|iofi, epifcopuf, 
obnc. Cepnac mac TYlaelebpepail, \\ex Cobo, 
Cacmal mac "Gornalccnf;, lee pi lilac, a 
mcejipecTcup epc. 

]ct. lanaifi. CCnno -oommi -occc. l. 111. "Cuat:al 
mac TTlaelebpici, pex nepocum "Dunlanigi, 



Fahan Upper, barony of Inishowen 
West, co. Donegal. Formerly called 
Otlian-Mura, from its founder St. 
Mura, an eminent ecclesiastic and 
poet. See Todd's Irish Xennius, p. 
222, note q , and Keeres' Coltons 
Visitation ) p OG. 

1 Ui-Duach of Argatros. The 
name of the tribe and territory of 
Ui- Duach is still preserved in that of 
the parish of Odogh, in the north of 
the present co. of Kilkenny. But 
the territory was anciently much 
more extensive than the present 
parish of Odogh. 

" At : he islands oconctib infiti, 
A. and 13., apparently a 'Mistake for 
oc ncnb mf i!5, the more correct form. 



8 Rath-Aldain. Acco/ding to 
O'Douovan (Ann. F. M., A.D. 850, 
note g ), this place is now known as 
Rathallon, in the parish of Moore- 
church, barony of Upper Duleek, co. 
Meatli. 

4 Liath-Hfanchain Leman;tghan, 
in the barony of Garrycastle, King's 
County. 

5 Amhla'un. Over the last m of 
the name in A. and 13 it is suggested 
that the name should be " Amhlaip." 

6 Of Locftlaind Corruptly writ- 
ten Iccicliiroe in A.j and Luiclmne 
in 13. But it has not been considered 
necessar)- to alter the text. 

7 Echtlijtrn The name of Echti- 
gern appears in the list of the kings 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



363 



died. Catlial son of Dubhan, King of Ui-Duach of 
Argatros, 1 died. Forbasach son of Maeluidhir, afybot of 
Cill-mor-Cinneich, died. A slaughter of the Foreigners 
at the islands 8 of the east of Bregha ; and another 
slaughter at Rath-Aldain 8 in Cianachta, in the same 
month. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 852. Ailill son of Robartach, abbot of 
Lusca ; and Flann son of Rechtabhra, abbot of Liath- 



and Ailgenan son of Donngal, 



King 



of 



Manchain ; 4 

Caisel, died. Arnhlaim 5 son of the King of Lochlaind, 6 
came to Ireland, when the Foreigners of Ireland submitted 
to him, and a tribute [was given] to him by theGaidhel. 
Echtigem 7 son of Guaire, King of South-Leinster, was 
treacherously slain by Bruatar son of Aedh, 8 and by 
Cerbhall 9 son of Dungal ; and Bruatar son of Aedh 8 was 
treacherously killed by his confederates on the 8th day 
after the slaying of Echtigem. Flaithnia, abbot of Biror, 10 
a bishop, died. Cernach son of Maelbresail, King of 
Cobha, 11 died. Cathmal son of Tomaltach, half-king of 
Ulidia, was slain by the Norsemen. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 853. Tuathal son of Maelbrighte, king 
of Ui-Dunlaing, 12 was deceitfully killed by his brothers. 



[852.J 



[853. 



of Ui-Cendselaigh, (or South Lein- 
ster), in the Book of Lehtster, p. 40, 
col. 1, where the duration of his rule 
is set down as nine years. His slayer 
ia described as Bruatar, son of Dub- 
gilla, King of the Ui-Drona, (a tribe 
occupying a territory now represented 
by the barony of Idrone, co. Carlo w). 

8 Bruatur son of Aedh. See last 
note. 

* Cerlhall. He was King of Ossory 
during 40 years, according to the 
Book of Leinster (p. 40, col. 5). See 
a note regarding Cerbhall at the year 
846 supra. His obit is given at the 
year 887. 

w Biror. Birr, in the King's County. 



11 Cobha The short form of a 
name otherwise written " Ui-Echach- 
Cobba, and "Ui-Echach-Ulad." A 
powerful sept, whose territory is now 
represented by the baronies of Upper 
and Lower Ivengh, in the County of 
Down. See Keeves' Antlqq. of Down 
and Connor, pp. 348-52. 

12 Ui-Dunlaing. This was the tribe 
name of a i>owerf ul family in Leinster, 
descended from Dunlang, who was 
King of that Province in the third 
century. See Shearman's Loca Pa- 
triciana, Geneal. Table, No. 7. The 
name of Tuathal occurs in the list of 
the kings of Leinster in the Book of 
Leintter, p. 39, coL 2. 



364 



CCMMCClCC UlOTDtl. 



plant) 



.b. 



epc -oolope a ppctcpibup puip. maelpecncnlt pex 
"Tempo T)O -out co pipu Tfluman copici mT>eum na 
X n-"0epi, ^(jv^ictlla -DO cabaipc. tlepep Colinm ci lie, 
papienp opcimup, -1111. IT> mapca apUT> Saxonep 
%acup. Cpec T)omnai| moip ir;ip "Ci^epnac 7 
mac Conains, ace ip pe planT) pomeman). 

1ct. lanaip. CCnno -oomini -occc. l. 1111. Ccrcan 
Cille T>apo mopisup. Sneachca co pepnu 
.ix. ]ct. Hlan. Cpec la hCCef> mac "Meill co hlllcu, co 
Foi. 42a6. pap^ab Connecan mac Cotmam 7 plaicbepeac mac 
"Meill, 7 pocai-5e cena. pinpneccai ppau-oe lu^ulacup 
epc.1. mac maelbpir;i. Hui^up mac TTlacnia-D, abbap 
moinipcpecbuii:i,T>imeppup epe. CCibll abbap CCchaiT) 
boo, Uobapcac abbap mnpe cam T)e^a pcpiba, 7 
Tninpefa6 pi aipT>e Ciannacca, mopeui punc. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno -oommi T>CCC. t. u. Coipne mop 
7 pieces comcap nuip-pj ppim loca 7 ppim aibne 
Gpenn 7>u cpaip:ecaiB 7 mapclaipB a .ix. let. T)ecim- 
bip upque aT> .un. it>up lanuapn. "Cempepetiopup 
annup ec appepippimup. TTIaelpecnaill mac ITIael- 
puanai 1 cCaipiul, co cue pallu TTluman. Coca-5 mop 
ecipSennci 7 ITIaelpecnaill co n-^all^oiT)elaiB leip. 

^-^ . * 

"DepceC Lupcan T>O lopcai) a "MopT)7)mannip. HomiUT> 
mop pe n-CCe-5 mac "Neill pop ^all^aei^elu 1 n-^lmn 



1 Indeoin-na-nDesi. The " Anvil 
of the Desi." This name is still par- 
tially preserved in that of Mullagh- 
noney (the "summit," mullock, of the 
inneoin, or " anvil "), a townland in 
the parish of Newchapel, barony of 
Iffa and Offa "East, co. Tipperary. 
See Joyce's Irish Names of Places, 
2nd Series, pp. 197-8. 

2 Success ->r. The Four Masters 
(at 852) call him Indreachtach. He 
is mentioned above at the year 848, 
as having come to Ireland with the 
reliquaries of Colum Cille. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 390. 



3 To the shoulders. co pyiomnu, 
B. A. has co peyxnu, " to the 
shields." 

4 Manister-Buti. Now Monaster- 
boice, co. Loath, founded by Buti (or 
Buite), son of Bronach, whose obit 
is given above at the year 518. 

5 Drowned. The Four Masters 
add (A.D. 853), that Ruidhgus was 
drowned in the B<5inn (Boyne). 

6 Achadh-bo. Or Achadh-bo- 
Cainnigh. The " field of St. Canice's 
cows " Now Aghaboe, in the barony 
of Clarmallagh, Queen's County. The 
name is written aciT) boo in A. ; but 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



305 



Maelsechnaill, king of Temhair, went to the men of 
Munster as far as Indeoin-na-nDesi, 1 and brought their 
pledges. The successor 8 of Colum-Cille, the best sage, 
was martyred by Saxons on the 4th of the Ides of March. 
The plundering of Domnach-mor, between Tigernach and 
Fland son of Conaing ; but it is by Fland it was won. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 854. Cathan, abbess of Cill-dara, died. 
Snow up to the sheuldogs* of men, on the 9th of the 
Kalends of May. A preying expedition by Aedh son of 
Niall to the Ulald, when he lost Connecan son of Column, 
and Flaithbertach son of Niall, and many more besides. 
Finsnechta was slain by treachery, viz., the son of 
Maelbrighte. Ruidhgus, son of Macniadh, abbot of 
Manister-Buti,* was drowned. 5 Ailill, abbot of Achadh- 
bo ; a Robartach, abbot of Inis-cain-Degha, 7 a scribe, and 
Muiredhach, King of Ard-Cianachta, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 855. Great ice and frost, 9 so that the [855. 
principal lakes and rivers of Ireland were passable for 
pedestrians and horsemen, from the 9th of the kalends of 
December to the 7th of the ides of January. A most 
tempestuous and harsh year. Maelsechnaill, son of 
Maelruanaigh, jn^CaiseL when he brought away the 
hostages of Munster. A great war between the Gentiles 
and Maelsechnaill, with whom were the Gall-Gaidel. 10 The 
oratory of Lusca was burned by the Norsemen. A great 
victory by Aedh, son of Niall, over the Gall-Gaidel, 10 in 



[854. 



achan) boo in B., which is more cor- 
rect. 

7 Inii-cain-Degko. Iniskeen, in 
the barony of Upper Dundalk, co. 
Louth. 

6 Ard-Cianachta. A district DOW 
represented by the barony of Ferrard, 
in the county of Louth. 

Frost. pccec, A.,B. ; probably 
for pecca-o, " freeing." 

" Gall-Gaidtl. "Foreign Gael." 
Dean Reeve* regarded them as the 



descendants of the Irish settlers in 
the Western Islea [of Scotland], 
Adtimnan, p. 390, note b. For further 
information regarding these Gall- 
Gaedhil (or Dano-Irish,asO'Donovan 
calls them ; Ana. M. F., A D. 854, 
note t). see Fragm. of Annals, pp. 
129, 139, 141, 233; and Todd's War 
of the Gaedhil, &c., in the places re- 
furred to in the Index under " Gaill- 
Gaedhil." But Skeiie, with much 
reason, suggests that the Gall -Gaidel 



366 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



oicle co. pa laT> leip ap Tmnop. T>nb. hopm coepec na. 
n- < Diibj;ennr;i lustilactip epc ta Rua-Djiai^ mac TTleip- 
minn, pi m-bpeT;an. Stnbne nepop Pu)icbc, pcpiba ec 
ancopica, abbap Ltff moep, Copmac tacpai^ bpumi 
pcpiba ec epipcopup, in pace Doprmopmit;. 8o7>omna 
epipcoptip SUme mapsipi^amp. 

]ct. 1anai|i. CCimo -Dornmi T>CCC. l, ui. Tlonnuf> p.o 
n-1mayi 7 fie n-CCmlaip po[i Caicuil pinT) co na >JIL- 
j;aeT>elait) In cip.it) fTluTTian. TTloensat abb pobcop. 7 
8iat>al T)ipipu ciapam peqineuepuiiT:. TTlar;uf)an mac 
TTIuipve'Dai^, pex tllar, mopirup. "Cpiafi -DO lopca-5 1 
"Caillce T>1 reni'D T>I mm. Uencup maximup co p^a^ta 
pf>ap, co compcap, mnpi Loca. Celtac TJIXIT:, 

bai penac pnin pocail 

11ecea pojt poep,aib pecaib, 

"Cpep blia-oam ni ap, bp.ecaib, 

CCp, rp^ictnc ap, cuic cecaiti. 

]Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CCC. t. tin. Ctimpuc 
epipcoptip er ancopiua, ppnicepp Cttiana ipaip-o-o, m 
pace paupatnc. Cinae-D mac CCitpm pex piccopum, 7 
CC'oulp pvex Baxan, mopT:ui punc. T^ippaici ban abbap 
Da glap [mopxuup epc]. maetpecnaill mac 
i^; co pepaib GpenT) T>O ruiTecl)r; hi 



wire the people who gave name to 
the district of Galloway, now forming 
the counties of Wigtown and Kirk- 
cudbright, in Scotland. Chron. Picts 
and Scots, Preface, pp. Ixxix.-lxxx. 
See also the references in the same 
work, under the name " Galloway " 
in the Index. 

1 Glenn- Fvlchle. Now known as 
Glenelly, a district coinciding with 
the parish of Upper Bodoney, barony 
of Strahane Upper, co. Tyrone. See 
Dean Reeves' interesting note on this 
district, Cvltons Visitation, p. 55, 
note o. 

2 Ruadkri. Probably Rodhri the 



Great, whose death is re-corded in the 
Annales Cambrics, and in Brut y 
Tywysogion, at A.D. 877. 

3 Mermen, i.e., Mervyn. See 
Annales Cambria, and Brut y Tywl- 
sogion, at the year 844. 

4 Lis-mor. Lismore, in the county 
of Waterford. 

5 Lathrach-Briuin Laraghbryan, 
in the parish of the same name, 
barony of Xorth Salt, and county of 
Kildare. 

6 Caittil Find For other forms of 
the name of this person, see Todd's 
War of the Gaedhil, &c., Introd., 
p. Ixxi., note*. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



367 



Glenn-Foichle, 1 where a great slaughter was made of 
them by him. Horm, leader of the Black Gentiles, was 
slain by Ruadhri, 8 son of Merminn, 8 King of Britain. 
Suibhne Ua Roichligh, a scribe and anchorite, abbot of 
Lis-mor, 4 Cormac of Lathrach-Briuin, 5 a scribe and bishop, 
slept in peace. Sodomna, bishop of Slane, was martyred. 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 850. A victory by Imar and Amlaibh, 
over Caittil Find" with his Gall-Gnidhcl, 7 in the territories 
of Munster. Moengal, abbot of Fobhar," and Siadhal of 
Disert-Chiarain, 9 rested. Matudhan, son of Muiredhach, 
King of Ulidia, died. 10 Three persons were burned in 
Tailltiu" by fire from heaven. A great storm, which 
caused great destruction of trees, and broke down lake 
islands. Cellach said : 

Since the fair great synod of Nice 

Was [held] in noble mannei', 

The third year, not by false reckoning, 

On thirty over five hundreds. 12 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 857. Cumsuth, a bishop and anchorite, 
abbot of Cluain-Traird, rested in peace. Cinaedh 13 Mao 
Alpin, King of the Picts, and Adulf, 14 King of the Saxons, 
died. Tipraiti Ban[bhan], abbot of Tir-da-glas [died]. 
Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanaigh, with the men of 
Ireland, went into the territories of Munster, and stayed 



7 Gall Ga : dhel. See the note on 
tl.is name under the last year. 

8 Fobhar. The monastery of Fore, 
in thcbiirony cf Fore, co. Westmeath. 

9 Dlsert-Chiarain. Now CaUle- 
kreran, in the barony of Upper Kells, 
co. Meath. 

10 DiedIn the list of the Kings of 
Ulidia in the Book of Leiniter it is 
stated (p. 41, col. 3) that Matudan 
die', in pilgrimage. 

11 Tnilltin Teltown, in the barony 
of Upper Kells, co. Month. A place 
much celebrated In ancient Irish 
history. 



l - Hundred*. The Council of Nicca 
was held in A.D. 325 ; and considering 
that this Chronicle is antedated by 
one year at this period, Cellach, who 
is alleged to have composed the fore- 
going quatrain, was not very much 
out in his chronology. 

13 Cinaedh Mac Alpin. Better 
known by the name of Kenneth Mac 
Alpin. 

14 And Adulf. The person here 
meant was probably ^Ethelwulf, whew 
death is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle at the year 855 (<J). The 
contraction (7) for ec is misplaced in 



[857.] 



368 



OCNNCClCC 



y 



it 



faM 










35- r 



TTluman, con'oeifiT) .oc. naicci oc Neim, 7 a n-mnfie'O co 
muin. -pa-oepf iayi maT>maim pop. appiga oc cap.nT> Lu&oac, 
co papgbaft ann tepi na n-T)eipe, TTIaelcpon mac 
TYluipeiktis. "Cue fflaetpec'lainn lapumsialtu TTluman 
o Oetuc abpam co 1npi 'Gapbnai lap n-6pe, 7 ot)un 
Cepmnai co hCCyiainn n-aifvciji. ptuuialiv au^urnnup 
ec pe|inicio[fi]ffimur piiu^ibup. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)ommi T>CCC. l. uin. Suaijfilec 
abbaf CCchaii) bo, CCibll banbame abbap bifiop, TTlael- 
coba 6a paelan abbap Ctuana uama, paelgup abbaf 
Roip cpea, in pace -ooimiieiujnc. Sloga-o mo]i la hCCm- 
laip 7 1m an. 7 Cefitalt 1 TTli-Be. Ri^-oal ma^e Ofienn oc 
CCe-oo mic bp.icc, im TTlaetfecnaitl fug "Certiiia, 7 
pergna comafiba pacyiaicc, 7 im 8uai|itec comajiba 
ic oenuni fi-oa 7 caincomjiaicc pe|\ n6|\em), 
p m TDait fin -oupai: Cefibalt |\i Orpai^i 05|iei|i 
paqunc 7 a comayiba, 7 coni-o an-o -DO oecai'5 
1 n-Ditfi pyn tec Cuinn,7aT)no5avp TTlael^ualai 
|ii TTluman a -Dilfi. TTIaelsuala fiecTfnuman a "No^-o- 
mannip occiffUf epc. Beconnan pibuf Conamg, nex 
Cai|\5i bnacaiT>e, mofiicup. 
b. ]ct. 1anaif> CCnno -oomini -occc. t. ix. 



7 TTluman 7 Conn ace, 7 Oa "Neitl m oeiycinr;, 



A., where it occurs after the \ronl 
8axcm. 

1 JVieim. This was the ancient 
name of the southern River Black- 
water. 

2 Carn-Luffdacfi. The cairn (or 
" monumental heap ") of Lughaid. 
The place has not been identified. 

s Half-king. The Four Masters 
(at A.D. 856) give Maelcron the title 
of cancof i, or " tanist." 

* Belat-Gabrain. Otherwise writ- 
ten "Belach-Gabhrain." Th"Road 
(or Pass) of Gabhran," (Gowran in 
the co. Kilkenny). This road led 
from Gowran towards Cashel. See 



O'Donovan's Ann, F. M., A.D. 756, 
note. a. 

Inis-Tarbhnai. Now known as 
the " Bull," a small island off Dursey 
Island, barony of Beare, co. Cork. 

8 Dun-Cermna. This was the 
ancient name of the Old Head of 
Kinsale, in the co. Cork. 

1 Ara-Airthir. " East Ara." The 
most eastern of the Islands of Arran, 
in Galway Bay, now known by the 
name of Inisheer. 

* Most destructive- pep,necio|yi- 
tnup, A. 

' Achadh-bo acit bo, A. achaiti 
bo, B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



369 



ten nights at Neim ; l and he plundered them southwards 
to the sea, after defeating their Kings at Carn-Lughdach* 
where the half-king 3 of the Deisi, Maelcron son of Muire- 
dhach, was lost. Maelsechlainn after wards carried off 
the hostages of [all] Munster from Belat-Gabrain,* to 
Inis-Tarbhnai 5 in the west of Ireland, and from Dun- 
Cermna to Ara-airthir. 7 A rainy autumn, and most de- 
structive 8 to all kinds of fruit. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. IMS. Suairlech, abbot of Achadh-bo; 9 [858.] 
Ailill Banbaine, abbot of Biror ; Maelcobha Ua Faelain, 
abbot of Cluain-uauiha ; 10 Faelgus, abbot of Ros-Cre 11 
slept in peace. A great hosting by Amlaiph, and Imar, 
and Cerbhall ; 12 into Meath. A royal assembly of the 
nobles of Ireland at Rath-Aedha-mic-Bric, 13 including 
Maelsechnaill, King of Temhair, and including Fethgna 
successor of Patrick, and Suairlech successor of Finnia, 14 
establishing peace and concord between the men of 
Ireland ; and it was in that assembly Cerbhall, King of 
Osraighi, gave the award of the congregation and suc- 
cessor of Patrick, and it was there the Osraighi entered 
iato allegiance with Leth-Chuinn, 15 and Maelgualai, King 
of Munster, tendered histcttegiance. Maelgualai, King of 7 
Munster, was slain by the Norsemen. Sechonnan, sonpf 
Conaing, King of Carraig-Brachaidhe, 16 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 859. A hosting [of the men] of Lein- [859] Bw 
ster, and Munster, and Connaught, and of the Ui-Neill 



10 Cluain-uamha. The "meadow 
(or paddock) of the cave." Cloyne, 
in the barony of Imokilly, co. Cork. 

11 Ros-Cre fxoip cfiea, A. jvoip 
cyvae, B. 

w Cerbhall. King of Ossory, and 
at this time in alliance with the 
Foreigners. 

is Rath Aedha-mic-Bric. This 
name, which signifies the "rath of 
Aedh (or Hugh) son of Brec," is now 



shortened to " Rahugh/ the name of 
a townland and parish in the barony 
of Moycashel, co. Westmeath. 

14 Successor of Finnia ; i.e. abbot 
of Clonard, co. Meath. 

:a Leth- Chuinn. " Conn's Half," or 
the Northern Half of Ireland, repre- 
sented at this time by King Mael- 
sechnaill (or Malachy I.) 

18 Carraig-Brachaidhe. ~ The name 
of this district is still preserved in 



370 



CCMNCCtCC UlOTOtl. 



x, la TTlaelpecnaill pig 'Gempo, con'oeipii) oc maig 
t>umai 1 compocup aip-o TTlacae. T)o popbaipc CCe-5 
mac "Neill 7 plann mac Conam^ an -DunaT* 1 n-aici, co 
p,omapbpac Tome pop lap m Tiunaii), 7 po memai'5 pop 
CCe'5 n-iapam, co papcaib ill prance exepcicu TTlael- 
pecnaill m pcacu puo. CCe'5 mac 'Otnltoabaipenn, pex 
Oa p'Dgennci, mopicup. TJlannacan mac Colmain 
mopicup. Niall mac lallam qui pappup epc pa- 
11. an nip, qui ueppacup epc uipiombup 
cam palpi p quam uepip, m Cpipco 



Jet. latiaip. CCnno T>omini T>CCC. lac. In'ope'D TTliT>e 
DO CCe'D mac Neitl co n-SallaiB. ^opmtaic mgen 
T)onnca'5a, amemppima pegma BcocopvUm, pope poem- 
cennam obnc. 

]ct. lanaip.. CCnno oommi T>CCC. loc. i. "Domnalt 
mac CCilpm, pex piccop.um, mopcuup epc. CCe-o mac 
"Meitl p-egnape tncipic. [LoicceT la] CCe'D mac tJeill co 
im TT1iT)e, 7 la plann mac Conamg -DO 
TniTe. pnan cluana cain,epipcopup ec anco- 
ep ancopica aip,T> TTIaca, tiicam m pace 
TTlaelpecnaill mac TYlaelp-uanaig (mic 
"Oonncha-ba, mic "Domnaill, mic TDup-chaTia TTli'Di, mic 
Tjen, mic Oipme-Dais caich, mic Conaill 



that of Carrickabraghy, a townland 
in the parish of Clonmany, barony of 
Inishowen East, co. Donegal. 

1 King of Temair ; i.e. King of 
Tara, or of Ireland. 

2 Magh - dumha. The " plain 
(MagJi) of the mound, or tumulus 
(dumha)" O'Donovan has identified 
this place with Moy, in the parish of 
Clonfeacle, barony of Dungannou 
Middle, co. Tyrone, on the opposite 
side of the River Blackwater from 
Charlemont in the co. Armagh. Ann. 
F. M., A.n. 858, note o. 



3 Aedh. The beginning of Aedh'a 
reign as King of Ireland is recorded 
under the year 861. 

* In its position in pccccifuo for 
in pcacu yuo, A. B. 

4 Ui- Fidhgennti. A tribe situated 
in the co. Limerick. See note 8 , p. 
150 supra. 

6 Mian. Written gmllain (in 
the gen. case) in the Ann. Four Mast. 
(A.D. 858). O'Conor prints (from B.) 
mac Fallain, and the translator in 
Clar. 49 writes mac Fiallain. 

7 Delightful amenip p i ma (for 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



371 



of the South, into the North, by Maelsechnaill, King of 
Temair, 1 who reste4-at Magh-dnmha 2 in the vicinity of 
Ard-Macha. Aedh" son of Niall, and Flann son of 
Conaing, attacked the camp at night, and killed people 
in the middle of the camp ; but Aedh was afterwards 
defeated, and lost a great number, the army of Mael- 
sechnaill remaining in its position. 4 Aedh, son of Dubh- 
dabhairenn, King of Ui-Fidhgennti, s died. Flannacan, 
son of Colman, died. Niall, son of lallan, 6 who suffered 
from paralysis during 34 years, and who was distur- 
bed by frequent visions, as well false as true, rested in 
Christ. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 860. Plundering of Meatb. by Aedh 8 
RnnofJJiq.11) with Fojejgnfiis. Gormlaith, daughter of 






[860.] 



Somchadh, the most delightful 7 Queen of the Scoti, died 
after penitence. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 861. Domnall Mac Alpin, 8 King of [861.) 
the Picts, died. Aedh, 9 son of Niall, begins to reign. 
[A hosting by] Aedh_son_oOJiall, with the Kings of the 
Foreigners, into Meath, and by Flann son of Conaing, to 
plunder Meath. Finan of Cluain-Cain, 10 bishop and 
anchorite, Muirghes, anchorite of Ard-Macha, made an 
end of life in peace. 11 Maelsechnaill, son of Maelruanaigh 
(son of Donnchadh, 12 son of Domnall, son ofMurchadh of 
Meath, son of Diarmaid Dian, son of Airmedach Caech, 



arnoernffimcr, A., B. According 
to the terms used by the Four Mas- 
ter* in recording her death (A.D. 859), 
Queen Gormlaith was not a blameless 
character. 

*Domna!l Mac Alpin. The brother 
and successor, as King of the Picts of 
Scotland, of Kenneth (or Cinaedh) 
Mac Alpin, whose death is recorded 
above under the year 857. 

9 Aedh. Aedh Finnliath, son of 
Niall Caille (whose death by drown- 
ing is noticed above at the year 845). 



The original of this entry, which 
forms part of the text in J!., is added 
in the margin, in a later hand, in A. 

10 Cluain-Cain. Now Clonkeen, in 
the barony of Ardee, co. Louth, 
according to O'Donovan (Fovr 
Masters, A.D. 836, note ). 

11 In peace. For tncam in pace 
pimeiumc, as in A., B. has -oofv- 
miefxunc. 

12 Son of Donnchadh. This pedi- 
gree, which is interlined in A., is not 
inB. 

2B2 



372 



CCNNOClCC UlCCOtl. 



.b. 



i, mic 8uit5ne, mic Colmam moip, mic "Oiapma-oa 
mic pepgupa Ceppbeoil), pi h6>penT) tule, .11. 
JCalen'oap IDecembpip, .111. pepia, anno pegni^puTlcui. , 
oepunccup 6pc. Ruap.cc mac bpoen, pex nepomim 
"Dunlamge, lugularup ope. TYlaelo-oop oa "Cin-opi-o, pin 
lei^if ^oiT>eal, mopcuuf eft;. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CCC. lx. n. CCef> mac 
Cumupcaig, pi .H. Wiallan, mop^uup epc. 
mac TTIaeleDUin, pecnap aipT) TTlacae, 7 pi na n-e 
lugulacup epc o "Oomnall mac CCe'oo mic Wei II. 
TTlupecan mac "Diapmaca, pex "Maipp 7 aipcip Lpi, a 
i "NopT>mannip mceppec^up epc. Uam CCcai'D alT)T)ai 7 
Cno-obai, 7 uam peipr; boa-oan op T)uba-D, 7 uam mna 
an gobann po pcpuiDipec ^mll, quoD ancea non pep- 
peccum epc .1. a pechu po placpac .111. pi% ^ a ^ peponn 
plamt* mic Conamg .1. CCmlaim 7 1map 7 CCuiple, 7 
Lopcan mac Cacail leo occa, pi TTniT)e. 

|Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omim T>CCC. lx. 111- Lopcan 
mac Ca^ail, pi TT1iT>e, T>O TallaT> la deft mac "Neill pig 
"Cempo. Concobap mac T)onncaTa, leicpi TniT>e, T)o 
mapba-o 1 n-uipciu oc Cluam ipaip-o-o la CCmlaip pi 



1 Ruarc. For the pedigree of this 
chieftain, see Shearman's Loca 
Patriciana, Geneal. Table ii. (facing 
p. 223). 

2 Ui-Niallain. A powerful tribe, 
the name of whose territory is still 
preserved in the baronies of O'Neil- 
land East, and West, in the co. 
Armagh, and which furnished several 
bishops to the See of Armagh. 

3 Airthera. Otherwise written 
Oirthera; and meaning "Easterns," 
or " Easterlings." The tribe occupy- 
ing this territory were so called 
because they were seated in the east 
of the country of Oirghialla (or, as it 
was in later times called, Oriel). The 
Irish name, which ha* been Latinised 



" Orientales," and " Regio Orient- 
alium," is now represented by the 
baronies of Orior, in the east of the 
county of Armagh. 

4 Murecan He was King of 
Leinster for one year, according to 
the Book of Leinster (p. 39), and father 
of Cerbhall Mac Muirecan, also King 
of Leinster, whose obit ia given at 
the year 908 (=909) infra. 

6 King ofNas; i.e., King of Naas, 
in the county of Kildare. This means 
that Murecan was King of Leinster. 

6 Achadh - Aldai. O'Donovan 
thought that this was the ancient 
name of the great mound of New- 
grange. Four Mast, AD. 8G1, 
cote b. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



873 



son of Conall Guthbhin, son of Suibhne, son of Column 
the Great, son of Diarmaid Derg, son of Fergus Cerrbeoil), 
King of all Ireland, died on the 2nd of the Kalends of 
December, on a Tuesday, in the 16th year of his reign. 
Ruarc, 1 son of Bran, King of the Ui-Dunlaing, was slain. 
Maelodhar Ua Tindridh, the most learned physician of 
the Gaedhil, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 862. Aedh, son of Cumuscach, King 
of Ui-Niallain, a died. Muiredhach, son of Maelduin, 
vice-abbot of Ard-Macha, and King of the Airthera, 8 was 
slarp by Dnnnnn.!!, firm nf Ap^h, snn nf Niall. Murecan,* 



[862,] 



son of Diarmait, King of Nas, 5 and of Airther-Liphe, was 
slain by Norsemen. The cave of Achadh-Aldai, 6 and 
[the cave] of Cnodhba, 7 and the cave of Fert-Boadan 
over Dubadh, 8 and the cave of the smith's wife, 9 were 
searched by the Foreigners, which had not been done 
before, viz., on the occasion when three Kings of the 
Foreigners plundered the land of Flann son of Conaing, 
to wit, Amhlaim, and Imhar, and Auislo ; and Lorcan 
son of Cathal, King of Meath, was with them thereat. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 863. Lorcan son of Cathal, King of [863.] ms 
Meath, was blinded 10 by Aedh son of Niall, King of Temh- 
air. Conchobar son of Donnchadh, half-King of Meath, 
was tolled 11 in a water at Cluain-Iraird, 1 * by Amlaiph, 






1 Cnodhba. Knowth, in the parish 
of Monknewtown, barony of Upper 
Slane, co. Meath. 

* Fert-Boadan over Dubadh. 
" Fert-Boadan " signifies the " grave 
of Boadan," and Dubadh is now 
known as Dowth, on the Boyne, a 
few miles above Drogheda. 

' The cave of the smith's wife. 
tmm mna an gobcmn. The Four 
Matt., at 861, say that this cave was 
at ofioicecro oca (Drogheda). See 
O'Donovan's note on the passage. 

10 Blinded. Apparently in punish- 



ment for his participation in tbe 
plundering of Meath in the previous 
year. 

11 Killed. TJO maixbcro. In the 
Ann* Four Mast., at A.D. 862, the 
expression is TO tkn>haT>, "was 
drowned." 

" Cluain-Iraird. Clonard, in the 
parish of Clonard, barony of Upper 
Moyf enrath, co. Meath. The " water " 
in which l.orcaii was drowned was 
evidently the River Boyne, which 
flows by Clonard. 



374 



(Ttmcclo: ulcroti. 



menfe 
abbaf 
mac 



yn 



Foi. 43 aa. all. HoimuT) mop, n.e n-CC6T> mac "Meill 7 fie plaunn 
mac Conam^ pon. CCnpiTi mac n-CCeT>o co n-tllsaib, 1 cifi 
Conaitli cen/o. TTlinfie'oac mac "Meilt, abb Lusmai 7 
alanaile cell, monicufi. CCe-o^en bnira epifcopup Citte 
oafio, er; pcniba ec ancofuca ec penex pep,e .cxtn. 
annon.um, paufauic. 

Jet. lanaip. CCnno -Domini T)CCC. lx. 1111. Gclipfif 
pobf m jCalenT)if lanua^n, et; ecbpfif Itmae m eonem 
Cetlach mac CCiletla abbaf citle T>a|io ec 
m fie^ione pict;o|ium. ^156^1100 
Loca ^aBofi 7 leupi bfie, mop,ruuf 
T)ii uroafibu af a np, -DO 
cacc popaib imTTIaen con am. 
]iex nepor-um 

T)olofe a pfiaqaibuf ftnp er; a plebe ftia. Con mat 
equommiif Tamtac^a, 7 "Cimtxxl mac CCp^tiffo ppim- 
epfcop po^fienn 7 abb T)tnn Ccnllenn, T)o^meip-unc. 
]ct. lanaiyi. CCnno T)ommi T>CCC. lx. . CCmlaip 7 
CCtnfle TO -out 1 "Po^fienn co ^ a ^ aiD O|\enT> 7 
CClban, co fi' inn^ivec Cp.uiencuaic n-tnte, 7 co cucfac 
a n -51 alto. Colgu 7 CCe-o, T>a abb mamifTn,ec buici, m 
uno anno mon.r;iii ^ur\v. Ceyinacan mac 

o 



mac 



mac CCeTacam. CCeT> mac Weill yioftar; uite 



1 Aedh ; i.e. Aedh Finnliath, King 
of Ireland. 

a Anfidh. The name of Anfidh, 
who was King of Ulidia, is written 
CCnbhich by the Four Mast., and 
CCnbich in the Book ofLeiniter, p. 
41, col. 3, where it is stated that he 
was slain in the country of the " Air- 
thera," (see note thereon, page 372, 
note 3 ), or by the " Conailli-Mur- 
theimne," another name for Conailli- 
Cerd. 

3 Lughmagh. Louth, in the barony 
and county of Louth. 



4 Of the moon. Lutie, A. 

5 Cellach See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 390. 

6 Britons ; i.e. the Welshmen. 

7 By Saxons. -DO Sccxcmacait),B. 

8 Maen- Conain. Otherwise writ- 
ten " Moin -Conain,'' and " Mona." 
The old Irish name of the Island of 
Anglesey. See Todd's 7mA Nennius, 
p. 190, note x. Rowland, (Mona 
Antigua, p. 20), prints some absurd 
conjecture regarding the etymology 
of the name Mona, not being aware 
of the form in which it is written in 



ANNALS OF ULSTRIl. 



375 



King of the Foreigners. A great victory by Aedh 1 sou 
of Niall, and Flann son of Conaing, over Anfidh 8 son of 
Aedh, with the Ulidians, in the territory of Conailli- 
Cerd. Muiredach son of Niall, abbot of Lughmagh 8 and 
other churches, died. Aedgen Britt, bishop of Cill-dara, 
and a scribe and anchorite, and an old man of nearly 116 
years, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 864. An eclipse of the sun on the- 
Kalends of January, and an eclipse of the moon* in the 
same month. Cellach, 5 son of Ailill, abbot of Cill-dara, 
and abbot of la, ' fell asleep ' in the country of the Picts. 
Tigernach son of Focarta, King of Loch-gabhor, and 
half-King of Bregh, died. The Britons 6 were expelled 
from their country by Saxons, 7 so that they were hgld 
in subjection in Maen-Conain. 8 Tadhg son of Diarmait, 
King of Ui-Cennselaigh, was treacherously killed by his 
brothers and his people. Conmal, steward 9 of Tamlacht, 
and Tuathal son of Avtgus, chief bishop of Fortrenn, 10 
and abbot of Dun-Caillenn, 11 ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 865. Amlaiph and Auisle 1 went into 
Fortrenn, 1 " with the Foreigners of Ireland and Alba, when 
they plundered all Pictland, and brought away their 
pledges. Colgu and Aedh, two abbots of Manister-Buti, 
died in the same year. Cernachan son of Cumuscach, 
King of Rath-airthir, 13 was treacherously slain by Mor- 
acan 11 son of Aedhacan. Aedh.son^QLNiall. plundered all 



Irish texts ; " Moin-Conain," or 
" Maen-Conain," probably represent- 
ing Mania Conani, the " stronghold 
of Conan." 

Steward. ecftionimup, for oe- 
conomup, A. B. 

10 Fortrenn. Pictland. See note 8 , 
p. 118 supra. 

11 Dun - Caillenn. Dunkeld, in 
Perthshire, Scotland. 



ia Auisle. There is great uncer- 
tainty regarding the identity of this 
person. See Todd's War of the 
tiaedltil, &c., In trod., pp. Ixxii., 
Ixxix. 

'* Rath-airthir. Sec at the year 
788 supra. 

14 Moracan. This name is written 
"Muiregen" in the Ann. Four J/., 
at A.n. 861. 



376 



CCNNCClCC ulCTOll. 



(.1. aipip mD pocla) ecip cenel n-Gugain 7 ~0al 
n-CCpaiDe, co cue a cenjYlai 7 a n-eci 7 a cpo-oa allon?;- 
popc ep cac^ R,omiUD popaib oc loc "Pebail, ap a 
cucca Da .xx. Deac cenn. Loc leibmn DO poUD 1 puil 
co capla a papcui cpoo amail pcarfianu mna imbeccap. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CCC. lx. ui. THaelT)Uin 
mac CCe-oa, pex CCilig, m clepicacu -oolope excenpo 
Foi. 43a6. quieuic. Robapcac pmnglaippi epicopup ec pcpiba, ec 
Con all Cille pcipe epipcopup, ec Copcpac "Cai^i caille 
pcpiba ec ancopica, ec Oege-ocap abbap Con-oipe (ec 
lamne 6la), ec Copmac nepop Liacam pcpiba ec epip- 
copup ec ancopica, m Cpipco omnep -oopmiepunc. 
TTlaelcuile abbap CCipne ipcip quieuic. ^^T 16 mcLC 
T)uibT>abaipenn mopicup. CCban mac Cmaei>[a], ^115- 
pomna Conn ace, DO opcain ppi Dai 51-0 o poclacan mac 
"Oiapmaco. CCuiple cepciup pex gencibum Dolo ec 
pappiciDio a ppacpibup puip lugulacup epc. bellum 
pop Saxanu cuaipcepca i Caip GBpoc, pe ri-T)ub ^allaib, 
in quo ceciDic CClli pex axan aquilonalium. LopcaD 
puine CCmlami oc cluam T)olcam la mac n-aicim 7 la 
TTlaelciapam mac Ron am, 7 ap cec cenn DI aipecaiB 



1 The coast of the Fochla.JocUa. 
was a name for the North of Ireland. 
The original of the clause is added 
by way of gloss in A. and B. 

2 Spoils. centilai, A. B. : a word 
which does not occur elsewhere, and 
the meaning of which is not clear. 
The translation is therefore conjec- 
tural. 

3 Over them ; i.e., over the For- 
eigners. 

4 Loch-Febhail. Lough Foyle, 
between the counties of Donegal and 
Londonderry. 

5 Loch~Leibhinn.~-Longh-Lene, in 
the barony of Demifore, co. West- 
uieath ; not to be confounded with 
the more famous lake of the same 
name in the county of Kerry. 



6 ' Lights ' ; i.e. the ' lights,' or 
lungs, of animals. This is included 
in the curious list of the " Wonders 
of Ireland," published by Todd, Irish 
Xenniu?, p. 193, sq. 

I Aedh. Aedh Oirdnidhe, king of 
Ireland, whose obit is entered under 
the j'ear 818 supra. 

8 Finnglais. Finglas, near Dub- 
lin. 

9 Cill-Scire. Now Kilskeer, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

10 Teck-Taille. See note 13 , p. 12 
supra, 

II Condere. Connor, in the county 
of Antrim. 

12 Lann-Ela. Now Lynally, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, King's County 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



377 



the fortresses of the Foreigners (i.e. on the coast of the 
Fgchla 1 ), between C'inel-flogain and Dal-Araide, so that he 
carried off their spoils, 8 and their flocks and herds, to his 
camp, after a battle*- ^ victory was gained over them 8 at 
Loch-Febhail/ from which twelve score heads were 
brought. Loch-Leibhinn 5 was turned into blood, which 
became lumps of gore like ' lights >6 round its border. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 866. Maelduin son of Aedh, 7 King of 
Ailech, after lengthened suffering, died in religion. Robh- 
artach of Finnglais, 8 bishop and scribe ; and Conall of 
Cill-Scire, 9 a bishop ; and Coscrach of Tech-Taille, 10 a 
scribe and anchorite ; and Oegedchar, abbot of Condere 11 
(and Lann-Ela), 12 and Cormac Ua Liathain, scribe, bishop, 
and anchorite all fell asleep in Christ. Maeltuile, abbot 
of Ara-irthir, 18 rested. Guaire, son of Dubhdabhairenn, 
died. Aban," son of Cinaedh, ' righdamna ' of Connaught, 
was destroyed with fire by Sochi achan, son of Diarmait. 
Auisle, third Sg of the Foreigners, was killed by his 
brethren in guile and parricide. A battle [was gained] 
over the Northern Saxons, in Caer-Ebroc, 15 by the Black 
Foreigners, in which Alii, 16 King of the Northern Saxons, 
was slain. Burning of Dun-Amhlaim at Cluain-Dolcain, 17 
by the son of Gaithin, 18 and by Maelciarain son of Hi man ; 



[see.] 



: 






The parenthetic clause, which is inter- 
lined in the orig. hand in A , is part 
of the text in B. 

11 Ara-irthir. ' Eastern Ara." 
The most eastern of the Islands of 
Aran, in Galway Bay. Mentioned 
above at the year 857. The adjective 
Ifitijx (recte aifxcifx) is written ifvcifi 
in A. 

14 A ban. This name is written 
huppdn (Huppan) in the Ann. Four 
SI., at the year 865. 

19 Caer - Ebroc. York, in Eng- 
land. 

'Alii. ^Slla,KiDgofNorthuinbria. 



See Anglo-Saxon Chron., A.D. 867 
(868). 

" Cluain - Dolcain. Clondalkin, 
near Dublin. Dun-Amhlaim, the 
fortress of Amlaimh, or Amlaff, must 
have a Danish fortress in the place. 

18 Son of Gaithin. His name waa 
Cenneidigh. He was lord (or King) 
of Laighis, or Leix, a district included 
in the present Queen's County, and 
a most formidable opponent of the 
Norse and Danish invaders. See 
Fragments of Irish Annals, pp. 157, 
159 ; and the other references under 
the name Cennedigh in the Index 
thereto. 



378 



ularoti. 










111 eo-oem Die aptco -oucef p[ieT>icu)r m conpimo 
cluana "DoLcain. TTluifie'oac mac Cacail, fii nepocum 
Cjiemrainn, pafialip lonj;a eaccmcctif efc. 

|Ct. lanaip. (Inno T>omirn T>ccc.bc. uii. Ceallac mac 
Cumufcaic, abbaf pobaip, iuuenif fapienp QT, m^eniofif- 
fimuf, peput;. Coiromac abbap Cluana mace tl Noip in 
nocce |CateiToap.tim 1 anua|in m Cyiifco T>o[imiuiT:. "Daniel 
abb gtinne T>a lacae 7 'Gamtaccae, Coiman mac "Dalaig 
ab "Doimtacc. belltim fie n-CCef> mac "Neitl oc Cilt Oa 
poji Ou Meitl b^eg 7 -po-fi Lai^mu, 7poyiftua5 
T)1 gatlaiB .1. cp.1 cec uel eo ampluif, m quo ceci- 
T>efiunt;plann mac Conain^ 1115 byieg n-tnle, ec "Diap.- 
mair; mac eici|ifceiti |ii Loca ^aljoia, ec m ifco bello 



m 



caca, eu atn 



ptann mac Conaing copu |\1, 
Rogab cifi ba 'Cai'oc tnaic Cein, 
Ro af a^fit) ce|\na 



aicfiu mi) 

caingen hi cuirnmb, 
Cen laec pefinai 
Cen plann bftegmaiji 



1 See note 17 , p. 377. 

2 Glenn-da-lacha. Elsewhere writ- 
ten Glenn-da-locha. Glendalough, 
co. Wicklow. 

1 Tamlacht. Tallaght, in the 
barony of TJppercross, co. Dublin. 

4 Diomliacc. Duleek, co. Meath. 

8 Aedh The King of Ireland. 

8 Cill-Ua nDaighri. This name 
would be pronounced Killoneery. 
The place has rot been identified, 
which is somewhat strange, consider- 
ing the important character of the 
battle. The late Rev. John F. Shear- 
man was of opinion that Cill-Ua- 



nDaighri was the same as the place 
called " Killineer," situated about a 
mile to the north of Drogheda, which 
is by no means improbable. 

7 Three hundred. cfii cec, A. 
But B. reads ix. cec, or nine hundred. 

8 Maelduin. The Maelduin, King 
of Ailech, whose obit is entered at 
the year 866. 

9 Tadg son of dan. Cian was son 
of Oilill Oluim, King of Munster in 
the 3rd century, and the progenitor 
of several septs distinguished by the 
title of Cianachta (or descendants of 
Cian). The Cianachta-Bregh (or 



ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



379 



and a slaughter of one hundred heads of the chiefs of the 
Foreigners was made on the same day by the said chief- 
tains, in the vicinity of Oluain-Dolcain. 1 Muiredach, son 
of Cathal, King of Ui-Cremthainn, died of prolonged 
paralysis. 

Kal. Jan. A.D.867. Cellach, son of Cumuscach, abbot [867.] BIS. 
of Fobhar, a learned and most ingenious young man, died. 
Condmach, abbot of Clonmacnoise, 'fell asleep' on the 
night of the Kalends of January. Daniel, abbot of 
Glenn-da-lacha 2 and Tamlacht, 3 [and] Coemhan son of 
Dalach, abbot of Doimliacc, 4 [died], A battle [was gained] 
by Aedh 8 son of Niall, at Cill-Ua-nDaighri, 6 over the Ui- 
Neill of Bregh, and over the Leinstermen, and- over a 
great host of Foreigners viz., three hundred 7 or more ; 
in which fell Flann son of Conaing, King of all Bregh, and 
Diaraiait son of Etirscel, King of Loch-gabhor ; and in 
this battle a great number of Foreigners were slaughtered, 
and Fachtna son of Maelduin, 8 royal heir of the North, 
and many others, fell in the .mutual -wounding of the 
battle. 

Flann son of Conaing, a king up to this, 

Possessed the land of Tadg son of Cian." 

Out of the Sidli of Cema the just 

Grew a golden sprig 10 in presence of Niall's race. 

Strange is it to see the Inber ! 11 

Easier [to keep] a covenant in remembrance ! 

Without a manly active hero, 

Without Flann of the populous Breghmagh. 12 



Cianachta of Bregia, in the co. 
Heath), of which Flann son of Con- 
aing was king, was perhaps the most 
powerful of these septs. These stanzas, 
which are not in B., are added in the 
lower margin of fol. 43 in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
they might be introduced in the text. 



10 A golden tprlg; ie. Flann sou of 
Conaing, the subject of this eulogy. 

11 Inber. Inber-Colptha, the old 
name of the estuary of the Boyne. 

12 Breghmagh. Another form cf 
the name Magh-Bregh, or plain of 
Bregia, in Meath. 



380 



ulcroti. 



Cental mac "peT>ai% abbap Cilte -nel^a, pcjiiba, 
ep,upcio ignoca aquae, *oe mouse Cualann, cum pipcv- 
cubf asn.ip. tlencup magnup m penia TTIaficini. 
Hecht;at>n.a mac TYlun.caT>a, abb Coficai^e moin.e, T>on.- 



Jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omim 7>ccc. lx. um. YTlan^an 
abbap Ctuana mace U Noip 7 "Dairmnnpi, -pquba, 
Foi. 436a. Dalian epifcopiif Slane, Toyimiep.unT:. Coyimac mac 
abbaf 8ai|fie, epifcopuf ec fcyuba, uii:am 
niuit:. plann mac "Peficai|i, equommup aiyi-o 
TTlaca ec pfuncepp Lamne teipe, heu bfieuiceja ui^am 
pnnuir;. TTlaelcia|iain macRonam ftismaaifvcifi Gpem), 
po^ta ^all, iu^ular;uf efc. Ceyinac mac Gacac, 
TTIU5'00|ina m-bjies, Uua-bacan mac "Meitl, 
Oa poyiHToan, moficui funz:. Ojiccam wfmQ 
THaca o CCmlaim, cofiolofca-5 cona T)eifiuai5i6, .x. cec 
ecip, b|ii^ 7 mafibaT), 7 flat; mop. cena. "Donnacan 
mac Cecpa-oa, p.ex Oa Cennfelai^ui^ulacuf epc -oolofe 
a -pocio puo. CCibtl Clocaip, -pcpiba eu epifcopup, 
abbaf Clocaifi mac n-T)aimen,T)op.mnnT:. "Dubcac mac 
lTlaelT:uile, -oocciffimuf Urcniofium cocuif Gupopae, 
m Cyiifco -Dopmiuir;. TTIaelbfci^i mac Spelan, pex 
Con ai lie, m clepicacu obnc. 
]ct. lanaifi. CCnno Ttommi -occc. lx. ix. Suaipleac 



1 Cill-delga. Kildalkey, in the 
barony of Lune, co. Meath. 

2 Cm-each - mor. The " great 
swamp." The ancient name of the 
site of Cork city. 

3 Daiminis. Devenish Island. 

4 Saighir. Saighir-Ciarain. Now 
Seirkieran, a parish in the barony of 
Ballybrit, King's County. 

5 Lann-leire. See note 15 , p. 205, 
supra. 

* Champion. fiisnict, A., B. The 
Four Masters have (867) tfiempep,, 
lit " mighty man." 



7 Mughdorna-Bregh. The name of 
a tribe whose territory was in Bregh 
(or Bregia), and in the vicinity of 
Slane, co. Meath. See O'Donovan'a 
Ann. Four M., A.D. 1150, note 1. 

8 Ui-Forindaln. '* Descendants of 
Forindan (or Forannan)." A sept 
located in the north of the present 
county of Tj'rone. See Reeves' Col- 
ton's Visitation, p. 10. 

9 Was burned. co ifiolcp cat), for 
co yxokopcaT), A., B. 

10 Betweenthe captives. ecifi bjiic. 
The FourM. (867) haveecuntifieoa-D, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



381 






Conghal son of Fedach, abbot of Cill-delga, 1 a scribe, 
rested. A strange eruption of water from Sliabh-Cualann , 
with little black fishes. A great storm on the festival of 
St. Martin. Rechtabhra son of Murchadh, abbot of 
Corcach-mor, 3 ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 868. Martan, abbot of Clonmacnoise [8(58.] 
and Daiminis, 8 a scribe, [and] Niallan, bishop of Slane, 
' fell asleep.' Cormac, son of Eladach, abbot of Saighir, 4 
a bishop and scribe, ended an old age. Flann, son of 
Ferchar, steward of Ard-Macha, and superior of Lann- 
leire, 5 alas ! ended a short life. Maelciarain son of Ronan, 
champion 6 of the east of Ireland, a hero plunderer of the 
Foreigners, was slain. Cernach, son of Echaidh, chief of 
Mughdorna-Bregh, 7 [and] Ruadhacan, son of Niall, chief 
of the Ui-Forindain, 8 died. The plundering of Ard-Macha 
by Amhlaimh, when it was burned, 9 with its oratories. 
Ten hundred persons [were lost] between the captives 10 
and the slain ; and a great depredation besides was com- 
mitted. Donnacan, son of Cetfaid, King of Ui-Cennse- 
laigh, was treacherously 11 slain by his companion. Ailill 
of Clochar, scribe and bishop, abbot of Clochar-mac- 
nDaimen, 18 ' fell asleep.' Dubtach, son of Maeltuile, the 
most learned of the 'latinists' of all Europe, 18 slept in 
Christ. Maelbrigti, son of Spelan, King of Conaille, died 
in the religious state. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 869. Suairlech Indeidhnen, 14 bishop [869.] 



which would signify "between burn- 
ing" (i.e., including the persons 
burned), which seems incorrect. In 
the Fragments of Irish Annals, and 
the Chron. Scotarvm, at A.D. 869, the 
word used is bfxcm>, " captivity." 

ll Treacheroitsly. DoU>fe,A., pe|\ 
oolum, B. 

11 Clochar - mac - nDaimen. The 
" stony place of the sons of Daimin." 
Now Clogher, in the county of Tyrone. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. iii.,note c. 



13 Of all Europe. cociur 1 6u- 
fiupae, B. 

14 Indeidhnen. uroeicnein, A., B. 
But the form is liroevohnen in the 
Four Matters, Fragments of Jr. 
Anna/s, Chron. Scotorvm, Martyr, of 
Donujal, and other authorities. The 
name seems to be comp. of uro, the 
Irish defin. article, and eiT>nen, "ivy," 
and would be applied to an ivy- 
covered building. See Chron. Scot. 
(ed. Hennessy), p. 162, note 2 . It 



382 



CCNflCClCC UlOTOtl. 



Fol. 4366. 



1nDeinem, epipcopup er; ancopica ec abbap Ctuana 
ipaipDD, opsimup Doccop petepomp cociup tlibepniae, 
paupamu. InDpeft Laigen la hCCeD mac Neill o CCc 
clia co ^abjauan. Cembali mac "Dungaile collm 
DKI n-inDpUD co "Oun mbolcc. Poppopapcap. 
DunaD Cepbaitl, er; mac ^aicine ec atiop occi- 
Depunc, ec iaeuep.fi puns m pu^am cum pe^e puo .1. 
TTluip.e'bac mac bpain, en qfiuciDaci punc alu x>e itlip. 
T)alac mac TT1 uipcepi:ai|, T>UX genepip Conaitt, a getinre 
pua iu^utacup e\^c. "Diapmaic mac "Oepm at:a"mcep7- 
pecic tupum in ap-o ITlaca anue lanuam xtomup CCe-oo 
pegip "Cempo. "Oub-Da^inle abbap tei moep TTIocoe- 
moc, ec TTlaeto'DOp ancopina abbap "Oaiminpe, ec abbap 
Dipipc Ciapam belaig T>um .1. Cumpcuc) pcpiba ec 
epipcopup, Comgan poca ancopica ?3amlaccae T>atcae 
TTlaelepuain, Coirola ancopira T)poma capa aip-oe 
Ciannachca, omnep m Cpipco uiram. pmiepunc. Ob- 
pepio CCilec clua^e a NopT>T>mamnp .1. CCmtaip ec 
1map, DUO pe^ep "MopT>tmannopum, obj^e-Depunn apcein 
iltu.m, ec Depcpuxepuni: 111 pine .1111. menpium apcem ec 
ppe-oauepunc. THaelpecnailt mac Meill, teupi 7>eip- 
cipr; bpe?;, mreppeccup epc Dotope o 11 Ip 
Cobcac mac IThnpeDai^, ppmcepp Cille -oapo, 

jet. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CCC. La-x. Catalan mac 
1nT)pechcai5, teirpi UUrc, lugulacup epc Dotope con- 
pi bo CCei)o. CCmtaip 7 1map DO uiDecht; appi^ipi DU 



maj' be now represented by " Inan," 
in the parish of Killj-on, barony of 
Upper Moyfeiirath, co. Meath, not 
far from the site of the ancient 
monastery of Clonard (or Cluain- 
Iraird), of which Suairlech was abbot. 

1 Aedh The King of Ireland. 

2 Gabran. Gowran, in the north 
of the co. Kilkenny. 

3 Cerbhall son of Dungal. King 
of Ossory. 

4 Dun-bole, See note n , p. 77 
supra. The Fragments of Annals t at 
A.I). 870, contain a pretty full account 



of the invasion of Leinster here re- 
ferred to. 

5 Son of Gaithin* Cennedigh, 
King of Laighis (Leix), mentioned 
above at the year 866. 

6 Liath - mor Mochoemhoc. Now 
known as Leamokevoge, in the parish 
of Two-Mile-Borris, barony of Elio- 
garty, co. Tipperary. 

7 Disert-Ciarain. The desert, or 
hermitage, of St. Ciaran. Now 
Castlekeeran, in the barony of Upper 
Kella, co. Meath. 

e 3faelruain; i.e., St. Maelruain, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



383 



and anchorite, and abbot of Cluaiii-Iraird, the best 
doctor of religion of all Ireland, rested. The plundering 
of the Leinstenneu by Aedh 1 son of Niall, from Ath- 
cliath to Gabran. 2 Cerbhall son of Dungal, 8 with the 
whole of his adherents, plundered them as far as Dun- 
bole/ 7 rhe~Leinstermen attacked the camp of Cerbhall, 
and slew the son of Gaithin 8 and others, and returned in 
flight with their King, i.e., Muiredhach son of Bran ; and 
some of them were butchered. Dalach, son of Muircer- 
tach, chief of the Cinel-Conaill, was killed by his own 
peppje. Diarmait, son of Diarmait, killed a man in Ard- f^_ 
Macha, before the door of the house of Aedh, King of 
Temhair. Dubhdathuile, abbot of Liath-mor of Moch- 
oemhoc; 6 and Maelodhor, anchorite, abbot of Daimhinis; 
and the abbot of Disert-Ciarain 7 of Belach-duin (i.e. 
Cumscuth), a scribe and bishop ; Comgan Fota, anchorite 
of Tamlacht, foster-son of Maelruain, 8 [and] Condla, 
anchorite of Druim-Cara 9 of Ard-Cianachta all 
ended life in Christ. Siege of Ail-Cluathe 10 by Norse- 
men; viz,, Amhlaiph and Imhar, two Kings of the 
Norsemen besieged it, and at the end of four months 
destroyed 11 and plundered the fortress. Maelsechnaill, 
son of Niall, half-king of the South of Bregh, was deceit- 
fully slain by Ulf, 12 a ' Dubhgall.' 13 Cobthach son of 
Muiredach, abbot of Cill-dara, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 870. Cathalan son of Indrechtach, [870.] 
half-king of Ulad, was deceitfully slain, through the 
counsel of Aedh. 14 Amhlaiph and Imhar came again to 



founder and abbot of Tamlacht (Tal- 
laght, in the co. Dublin), whose obit 
is entered at the year 791 supra. 

Druim~cara Drumcar, m the 
barony of Ardee, co. Louth. See 
note 6 , p. 306 supra. 

10 Ail-ClwttAt. The old name of 
Dumbarton in Scotland. See note 12 , 
p. 11") mipra. Written CCilec cluice, 
in tbe genit. form, in B. 



11 Destroyed. T>ipcfuixeTiunc, A. 

12 ;// Called Fulf, in the Chron. 
Scotorum, at A.D. 870. 

13 Dubhgall. This means Black 
Foreigner' (or Dane); from dubh, 
black, and gall, the ordinary Irish 
term for " foreigner." 

14 Aedh; i.e. Aedh Finnliath, King 
of Ireland. 



384 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



.b. 



CCc diorc a CClbain, T>it5 cecait!) long, ec pyie-oa maxima 
hominum GCn^lc-fium ec bjiiconum eu picr;op,tim Te- 
oucca epc pecum aT> Ihbefinaim m capcitncace. 6x- 
THiin Sobaifice, qucro anuea non pefipecsum 
occo la Cenet n-Qugam. CCibll mac "Oun- 
fiepp Lapnenpium a Mofi'omann'if 
CCilitt epifcopuf, abbaf poBai^, m 

Cupoi mac (XL'onia'D inpeo Clo6|iann 7 
TTIiT)e, abbaf, fapien-p, ec pepicippmup 
VccoT^icaifium, m Cpipco t>ofimitnr;. Colgu mac TTlaele- 
cuile, ipacep.T)Of ec ancoyura, abbap Ctuana conaifie 
'Commaen, quieuir;. TTloensaL ailicifi, abbap benncaip, 
uicam femtem -peliciceji piruinc. TTlaelmi-De mac 
Cumufcaic, fecnap cluana mic Noif, mofii^U)!. 

]cb lanaip. CCnno -001111111 T)ccc.lxx. 1. ^ma p|im- 
cepf "Oomiliacc, anco^ira et; epifcopuf er; fcfiiba opri- 
mui>, [obnc], maeltiuainaiT) mac TTlaelcauiaa]i'D-oa, 
T>UCC nepr;um pilio]fiuin Cuaif mT) poclai 
Cennpaeta-o nepof TTloccisepn, p.ex Caifil, 
Ttotofie m pace quieuic. pefiDomnac pyimcepp Ctuana 
mace U Moif T>o|imiuiT:. CCp^a p,ex bjiicanoinuni 
CluaDe, conpibo Cufuancmi ptn dnae-oo, 
IHaelcuile epii^copup, p^nicepp "Culiam, 



1 Ath-cliath. '' Ford of hurdles." 
A name for Dublin. 

2 Alba ; i.e. Scotland. 

3 Great multitude of men. pfie-oa 
(pfiaeTja) maxima hommtim, A. B. 
pp,eT>a is evidently here used for the 
Irish bTiaiTj, which signifies bondage, 
or captivity, as the concluding words 
of the entry, in cctptiuicerce, would 
indicate. 

4 To Ireland. in tlibeyinmm, A. 
in Tlibep.ru am, B. 

6 Dun-Sobhairce. Dunseverick, in 
the parish of Billy, barony of Cary, 
and county of Antrim. A place very 
famous in ancient Irish history. See 



Reeves' Down and Connor, p. 286, 
and O'Donovan's Four Mast., at A. 
M., 3501, note o. 

6 Of the Leinstermen. Lagenen- 
cium,A. The text is corrected from B. 

7 Inis-Clothrann. Now Inchcler- 
aun, in Lough Eee ; an island re- 
garded as belonging to the barony of 
Rathcline, co. Longford. 

8 Scoti i.e. the Scoti of Ireland. 
For fcoccicap,m, as in A., B has 



B. 



9 Slept. -oop-miutc, A. quieuic, 



inB 



Happily. peticicejv. Quitted 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



385 



Ath-cliath, 1 from Alba, 2 with two hundred ships ; and a 
great multitude of men," English, Britons, and Picts, were 
brought by them to Ireland, 4 in captivity. The taking 
by force of Dun-Sobhairce,* which had not been done 
before. Foreigners [were] at it, with the Cinel-Eoghain. 
Ailill son of Dunlaing, King of the Leinstermen, 8 was 
slain by the Norsemen. Ailill, bishop of Fobhar, ' fell 
asleep ' in Christ. Curoi son of Aldniadh, abbot of Inis- 
Clothrann, 7 and of Fochlaidh of Meath, a wise man, and 
the most learned in the histories of the Scoti, 8 slept 9 in 
Christ. Colgu son of Maeltuile, a priest and anchorite, 
abbot of Cluain-Conaire-Tommain, rested. Moengal, a 
pilgrim, abbot of Bennchair, ended an old age happily. 10 
Maelmidhe, son of Cumuscach, vice-abbot" of Clonmac- 
noise, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 871. Gnia, 12 abbot of Daimhliacc, an [871.] MS. 
anchorite 18 and bishop, and eminent scribe, [died]. Mael- 
ruanaidh, son of Maelchuararda, chief of the Ui-Mac- 
Uais 14 of the Fochla, died. Cennfaeladh Ua Mochtigern, 
King of Cashel, after prolonged suffering, rested in peace. 
Ferdomnach, abbot of Cluain-mac-U-Nois, ' fell asleep.' 
Artgha, King of the Britons of Srath-Cluade, 15 was killed 
by the advice of Constantino son of Cinaedh. 16 Maeltuile, 



11 Vice-abbot. f ecnap. In the 
Ann. Four Mast.,A.D. 869, the title is 
pfiioii\, i.e. prior. 

12 Gnia. Written like 51110, in B. 

13 Anchorite ancofucia, A. B. 

14 Ui-Mac-Uais. The descendants 
of the sons of Colla Uais, who were 
seated in the North of Ireland (here 
called the Fochla). The sitnation of 
this tribe has not yet been satisfac- 
torily made out. But in the Chron. 
Scotorum (ed. Hennessy, p. 5), a plain 
called Lecmagh [Magh-Lf in Bnnk 
of Leiniter, p. 5, col. 1] in Ui-Mac- 



Uais is described as in Ui-Mac-Uais, 
between Bir (the old name of the 
Moyola River, co. Londonderry) and 
Camus (on the Bann, to the south of 
Coleraine). See Reeves' Adamnan, 
p. 52, note d. 

15 Srath-Cluade. Strathclyde, the 
ancient name of a district in Scotland. 
See Skene's Celtic Scotland, I. 326, 
et passim. 

18 Constantine son of Cinaedh (or 
Kenneth). Constantine, son of Ken- 
neth Mac Alpin, or, as he is called, 
Constantino II., King of the Scots, 
2 C 



380 



CCNNOClOC UlCTOtl. 



in Cpipr-o T>opmiinr. loin^pec mac J?oiUem, pnmcepp 
cille CCufili, monicup. Hoftapcac "Depmaise pcpiba 
opcimuf paiifatnc. YYIusfton mac TTlaelecorai'b leqfii 
Connacc mopcuup epc. 

Foi. 44. "jet. 1 anai yi, ttinae .ami 11. CCnno T>ommi T>CCC. lxx. 
11. ptaicbeitccd; mac "Ombpoip, pex CopcumT>p,uaT> 
minip, till arm ap.au mac bpocan pex neporum 
CCi-5ne, THiiKcoac mac Hagaitlnic p.ex genepip 
moep, mopnincup. Leclaba^a mac Loinjfic, pex m 
coici'D, uicam femlem piminr. 1mafi pex 
novuini cociup llibe^niae ec bfiicanmae uicam 
"Oungal mac TTloenais, pnincepp 1nnpi cam "Oe|a, m 
pace quieuic. "Oonncuan mac ptannacan a Conaing 
mac plainT) pep -oolum lusulacup epc. Oenac "Cailcen 
cen 0151 fine caupa lupca ec "oigna, quoT) non au7>iuimuf 
ab anciquip cempopibup ceciT)iffe. Colman epifcopup 
ec pcpiba, abbap n_-OeiTDpomo, quieuic. plai^bepz;ac 
mac TTluipcepcais, ppmcepp T)Uin Chailt-oen, obnr. 

]ct. lanaip, lunae .ix. CCnno T)omim T>CCC. txx. 111. 
CCe^ mac piangupfa, pjimcepp popa Commain, epip- 
copup ec pcpiba opnmup; tTlaelmop-oa mac "Diapmaca 



1 Tulian. Otherwise written Tui- 
len. Xow Dulane, in the parish of 
the same name, baronj' of Upper 
Kells, co. Meath. 

2 Citt-Ausili.- The church of St. 
Auxilius (see above, note 3 , p. 19); 
now Killashee, near Naas, in the 
county of Kildare. 

3 CoTcumdruadh-ininis [or Ninis], 
This territory comprised the present 
baronies of Corcomroe and Burren, in 
the county of Clare, with the Arran 
Islands in Galway Bay, the people 
inhabiting which were called " Eogh- 
anacht-Ninais " (or descendants of 
Eoghan [son of Oilill Oluim] of 
Ninas.)" SeeLtbornah Uidre,?. 22a, 
where Eoganacht Nlnussa is otherwise 



called Eoganacht na n-drand, " the 
Eugenians of the Aran [Islands], 
See also O'Donovan's Four Mast., 
A.D. 871, note q, and 1482, n. p. 

4 Ul-Fiachrach of Aidhne. For 
the situation of this tribe, see the Map 
prefixed to O'Douovan's Tribes and 
Customs of Hy-Many. 

5 The Province. in coicit), lit. " of 
the fifth ; " i.e. of the Province of 
Ulidia, which in these Annals is al- 
ways referred to as the Fifth. The 
Provinces of Ireland, even when they 
were reduced to the present number 
of four, were each called coicei). or 
" fifth " by the Irish writers, in con- 
sequence of the quinquepartite di- 
vision made of the country by the five 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



387 



a bishop, abbot ot Tulian, 1 fell asleep in Christ. Loingsech, 
son of Foillen, abbot of Cill-Ausili,* died. Robhartach 
of Derrahagh, an eminent scribe, rested. Mughron, son 
of Maelcothaidh, half-king of Connaught, died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 27. A.D. 872. Flaithbertach, son of 
Dubhrop, King of Corcumdruadh-Ninis ; s Uathmaran son 
of Brocan, King of the Ui-Fiachrach of Aidhne ; 4 and 
Dunadhach son of Rogallnach, King of Cinel-Coirpri-mor, 
died. Lethlabhar son of Loingsech, King of the Province, 5 
ended an aged life. Tmhar, King of the Norsemen of all 
Ireland and Britain, ended life. 6 Dungal son of Moenach, 
cibbot of Inis-cain-Degha, 7 rested in peace. Donncuan, 
son of Flannacan, was slain through treachery by Conaing, 
son of Fland. The Fair of Tailtiu" not celebrated, with- 
out just and sufficient cause, which we have not heard to 
have occurred from ancient times. Colman, a bishop 
and scribe, abbot of Nendrum, 10 rested. Flaithbertach son 
of Muirchertach, abbot of Dun-Cailden, 11 died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 9. A.D. 873. Aedh, son of Fiangus, 
abbot of Ros-Comain, a bishop and eminent scribe ; Mael- 
mordha son of Diarmait, a bishop and scribe ; and Tor- 



[872.J 



sons of Dela son of Loch (who were 
of the Firbolg race). See O'Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pars III., c. viii. The tra- 
dition of this division seems to have 
been fresh in the time of Giraldus 
Cambrensis. Topogr. Bib., Dist. I., 
cap. viii., and Dist. III., cap. iv. In 
the list of the Kings of Ulidia con- 
tained in the Book of Ldnster (p. 41, 
col. 4), Lethlobor (as the name is 
there written) is stated to have died 
" of an internal injury," -oe gum 
me-ooin. 

6 Ended life. tncam prnuic, A. 
B. has in Cfvif co cruieuic 

1 fius-cain-Deyha. lalsketn, in 
the count v of Louth 



9 Tailtiu. NowTeltown, inaparish 
of the same name, barony of Upper 
Kells, co. Meath, celebrated for the 
nitiftMltoiMj or games, which were 
wont to be celebrated there every yaar, 
from the most ancient times, at the 
beginning of Autumn. A similar 
entry occurs at the year 875, but 
without the additional observation. 

* To have occurred. cecitJic, A. 
ceci (probably for cecfoippe), B. 

10 Nendrum. Mahee Island, in 
Strangford Lough. See Reeves' 
Down and Connor, p. 148. 

11 Dun - Caild&t. Dimkeld, in 
Perthshire, Scotland. 

2r2 






888 



CCMNOtOC lllCTOTl. 



quieuic 



er fcpiba ; T^oppai-o ppmcepr Tarnlaccae, 
ec ^cpiba opcimup, m Chfupco oofimiefitmt;. 
epifcopUf, liefiep Pacpicn ec capuc peb^ic-rup 
Tlibepniae ; in ppi7>ie tic-nap Ocnmbnip m pace 
Slo^a-D la hCCe-o mac Neill co tai^rnu, cop.o- 
celt CCupili, 7 alaile cealla -no lovca-o cona 
Ceall 



let. 1anai|i, lunae .xx. CCnno'oormni T)ccc. locx. iiii. 

X TTloensal ranifi Cluana mac Hoi f, 7 Hobapcac mac na 

cep-oa epifcopiif Cille T>ap.o, ec pcfiiba opcimuf, ec 

pfiincepp Cille achai-oh, ec taccnan mac TTlocr;i5e|in 

epifcopuf Cille -oa^o ec ppmcepf pepnann, [obiejumtQ. 

TTluipeT)ac mac bpain cum exepcicu Lagmenfium upque 

aT> moncem TTIonT)Uivinn uafcauic, ec a-o fuam 

tie^ionem ance ueppepam peueppuf efc. 

Piccopum ppi "Oubgallu, ec vcpa^ef ma^tia 

pacra efr. Oifcin mac CCmlaip pe&r Nojvo-omarmofium 

ab CClbanT) pep T>olum occiyup epr. Tnaccoigi ppincepp 

'Camlaccae, ec bennacca epifcopuf tupcan, m pace 

Foi.44&. T)Ofimie|xunT;. peccnac abbap ^Imne T)a loca obnc. 

.0. let. lanaip, 1. lunae. CCnno -Domini -occc. locx. . 



1 ' Fell asfeep.' 



(for 



T)ovimiep,uric) A. qe (for cftneue- 
jxtinc ?), B. 

2 Of religion. fielesiontif , A. 

3 Day before the Nones. in PV 11 " 
r>iar (forpYii-Die) A. 11. nonaf , B. 

* Cill-Ausili. See note 3 , p. 19 
supra. 

Cill-rnor of Magh-Ainir. Or 
Cill-mor of Magh-Enir. See note 8 , 
p. 236 supra, 

G By Foreigners. T>U gutlaib, al- 
tered to -on gccllccib, A. 

7 Tanist. camp ; i-e. " second," 
or next in succession to the abbacy. 



8 Mac-na-cerda. This epithet sig- 
nifies " son of the artist (or artificer)." 

9 And. ec omitted in B. 

10 Cill-achaidh. Killeigh, in the 
parish and barony of Geashill, King's 
County. 

11 Lachtnan. Harris blunders 
greatly in stating (Ware's Works, 
Vol. 1, p. 382), that Colgan (at p. 
793 Acta Sanctorum), and the Four 
Masters, at A.D. 813, mention a 
"Lactan"as bishop of Kildare at 
that date, whom Harris would identify 
with the Lachtnan whose obit is 
above recorded. 



ANNALS OF ULSTElt. 



389 



paidh, abbot of Tiimlilacht, a bishop aiid excellent scribe, 
' fell asleep '* in Christ. Bishop Fethgna, heir of Patrick, 
and the head of religion 2 of all Ireland, rested in peace on 
the day before the Nones" of October. A hosting by 
Aedh son of Niall to the Leinstermen, when Cill-Ausili 4 
was profaned, and other churches, with their oratories, 
were burned. Cill-mor of Magh-Ainir 5 was plundered 
by Foreigners. 6 

Kal. Jan., in. 20. A.D. 874. Moengal, 'tanist' 7 of [874.] 
Clonmacnoise ; and Robhartach ' mac-na-cerda,' B bishop 
of Gill-dam, and an excellent scribe, and 9 superior of 
Cill-achaidh, 10 and Lachtnan 11 son of Mochtigern, bishop 
of Cill-dara, and superior of Ferna, [died]. Muiredach 
son of Bran, with an army of Leinstermen, wasted as 
far as Sliabh-Monduirnn, 12 and returned to his own 
country before evening. An encounter of the Picts with 
the Black Foreigners, and a great slaughter of the Picts 
was committed. Oistin, son of Amlaibh, King of the 
Norsemen, was deceitfully slain by Alband. 13 Maccoigi, 
superior of Tamlacht, 14 and Bennachta, bishop of Lusca, 13 
slept in peace. Fechtnach, abbot of Glenn-da-locha 
died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 1. A.D. 875. Custantin 15 son of Gin- [875.] 



12 Sliabh-Mondulrnn. Not identi- 
fied. Sliabh - Modhairu was the 
ancient name of a range of hills near 
Ballybay, in the barony of Cremorne, 
co. Monaghan (according to 0' Dono- 
van, Four Masters, A. M., 3579, note 
g). But it could hardly have been 
the place here intended, being much 
more than a day's inarch from Muire- 
dach's home in Kildare. 

w Albaiid. Todd took this as mean- 
ing the " men of Alba " (or of Scot- 
land), War of the Gaedhil, Ac., 
lutrod., Ixxv., note 4 ; and Skene 
(Chron. Picts and Scott, p. 362), 



quoting from these Annals, represents 
the ab albctnT) of the text by " ab 
Albanensibus." But if the chronicler 
intended to say that Oistin was slain 
by the Albans (or Scotch) he would 
have used the expression ab CCtban- 
cliaib. The truth seems to be that 
Oistin was slain by Alband, King of 
the "Black Gentiles;" whose death 
is recorded under the year 876. 

14 Tamlacht. Tallaght, in the 
barony of Uppercross, co. Dublin. 

l5 L'isca. Lusk, in the barony of 
Balrothery East, co. Dublin. 

16 Cu*t<tntin. Coustantiue, son of 



CCMMCClCC 



mac dnae-oa pex picropum, Cmae-o abbap 
achai-o bo Cainmg, Con^alac mac pnpnefoa pex na 
n-CCipgiaUa, pe-oac ppmcepp Dipipr; *Oiapma7;a, mopiun- 
cup. Coipppi mac "Oiapmata, pex nepocum Cennpelai^;, 
a ppacpibup puip occipup epc. Oenac Tailnen cen 0151 
fine caupa iupra es TMpia. "Oomnatl epipcopup Cop- 
caige, pcpiba opcimup, -pubuxt mo^e peianc. 

]ct. 1anai|i 3 xn. lunae. CCnno T>omim T>CCC. lococ." 
ui. Ou^an ec TTlaelcuiLe nepop Cuanac, -DUO abbacef 
Ctuana mace U Noif, m pace T)0i|imi6punc. "Oonncha?) 
mac CCe'caccam mic Concobaifi o plaunn mac TTIaet- 
fecnailt pe^i -oolum occifUf epr;. Ruai'Dpi mac THuiti- 
mmn, fiex Ofiit:ronum, -ou rui'oecT: T)ocum n-6jien7> pop. 
ceice-o pe T)ubatlaiB. tllaelbpi^e epipcopup 8tane 
m pace -oopmiuic. belliotum occ ioc cuan einp. Pnn- 
7 "Oubsennr;!, 111 quo CClbann T>UX na n-T)ubsenr;i 
8ocaprac mac bpocain, -DUX neporum Copmaic, 
mopcuup epc. CoemctouT) abba-o 1 n-apT>T> TTlacae .1. 
CCenmipe m uicem TTlaelcoBa. Catalan mac Cepnai 
pi pep Cut mopicup. 



Kenneth Mac Alpin. Though his 
simple obit is here recorded, he is 
stated in other authorities to have 
been slain in battle by the Norsemen. 
See Todd's War of the Gaedhil, 
Sic., Introd., p. Ixxv., note 4 , and 
Skene's Cki-on. Picts and Scots, In- 
trod., cxxxv., and the references given 
in the Index to that work, regarding 
Constantino son of Kenneth. 

l DlsertDlarmata Castledermot, 
in the south of the county of Kildare. 

2 Colrprl. The name " Cairpri 
mac Diarmata," or Cairpri sen of 
Diarmait, appears in the list of the 
Kings of the Ui-Cendselaigh, con- 
tained in the Book of Lelitsttr, p. 40, 
col. 2. 



3 Fair of Tailtlu. The National 
games celebrated annually at Tel- 
town, in the county Meath. See a 
similar entry at the year 872, where 
it is stated that the non-celebration 
of the Fair of Teltown had not been 
known to have occurred from the 
most ancient times. The non-celebra- 
tion is also noticed at 877. But under 
the 3 r ear 915 (916) infra, the celebra- 
tion is said to have been renewed by 
Niall [Glundubh], on his accession to 
the kingship of Ireland. 

4 Corcach. Cork, in Munster. 

5 Flann.Flann Sinna, afterwards 
King of Ireland. The date of his 
accession to the monarchy is not given 
in these Annals, though his obit is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



aedh, King of the Picts ; Cinaedh, abbot of Achadh-bo- 
Cainnigh ; Congalach, son of Finsnechta, King of the 
Airgialla, [and] Fedach, abbot of Disert-Diarmata, 1 died. 
Coirpri, 2 son of Diarraait, King of Ui-Cennselaigh, was 
slain by his brothers. The Fair of Tailtiu 3 not celebrated, 
without just and sufficient cause. Domhnall, bishop of 
Corcach, 4 an eminent scribe, died suddenly. 

Kal. Jan., jn. 12. A.D. 876. Eugan and Maeltuile Ua 
Cuanach, two abbots of Clonmacnoise, slept in peace. 
Donnchad, son of Aedhacan, son of Conchobar, was slain 
through treachery, by Flann,* son of Maelsechuaill. 
Ruaidhri, 8 son of Muirmenn, King of the Britons, came 
to Ireland, fleeing before the Black Foreigners. Mael- 
brighte, bishop of Slane, slept in peace. A battle at 
Loch-Cuan, 7 between Fair Gentiles and Black Gentiles, 
in which Albann, 8 King of the Black Gentiles, was slain. 
Sochartach, son of Brocan, King of the Ui-Cormaic, died. 
A change of abbots 9 in Ard-Alacha, viz., Ainmire in the 
place of Maelcobha. Cathalan, son of Cernach, King of 
Fera-Cul, 10 died. 



[87G.J 



recorded at the year 915 (alias 91G) 
infra. The Four Master* have his 
accession at the year 877 ; but 
O'Flaherty refers it to 879, (Oyyyta, 
p. 434.) 

6 Ruaidhri Or Kodhri the Great, 

sou of Mervyn Vrycho. The record 
of his death, by the ' Saxous,' is 
entered under the next year. The 
Annalef Cambria and Brut y Ti/wy- 
toyion have it also at A.D. 877. See 
Williams' Eminent Welshmen, p. 438, 
and Chron. Scotorum (ed. Hennessy), 
p. 154, notes 4, 5. 

T Loch-Cuan. Strangford Lough, 
in the county Down. 

* Albann Seethe note regarding 

thib i>er*on at the year 874. 



Change of Abbots. In the margin 
in A. is written in a small neat hand, 
the note, " coinnnicacio abbip 
(abbacif) in Ard Madia." See the 
note on Maelcobho, at the year 878 
infra. 

W fera-Cul. Otherwise called Fera- 
Cul-Bregh. A district which seems 
to have included a large part of the 
present baronies of Upper and Lower 
Kell, in the county of Meath. Ac- 
cording to the Martyr of Donegal, at 
5th April and2Gth November, Imlecli 
Fiarch and Magh-Bolcc (now repre- 
sented by the parishes of Emlagh and 
Moybolgue, in the barony of Lower 
Kell*) were in the territory of Fera- 



392 



ulcroti. 



let. lanaifi, xx. m.a lunae. CCnno T>omini T>CCC. 
lxx. un. Unai-on-i mac niuifiminn, fiex bfuconnum, a 
Saoconibuf mcejiemptur. CCe-5 mac Cma-oan, n.ex PICCO- 
fium, a focnr fuif occifUf efc. Sanpc mac triael- 
, fiex Conaitle, -oecolUrcuf e^ o atnb 6cac. 



TTlatiann minn n-ame, 
CCer> a cfiichcnb Cinncifie, 
"OonnchaT) T)omTia pnn ^plcrcha, 
fTlaca mine; 



"Deflated m afi 
pujejoft concha mo 
Lecca ha|ia lap, n-aifie 
Oaile 0fi bafifipnn bile. 



Cumufcac mac THuifie-oais fiex nepocum 
o Ullcaib occifUf eft;. TTIaelpacftaicc mac Ceallaig 
pfimcepf mainifcfiec btnci fubica mofire pejinc. 
Uencuf masniip ec pulgo|i. P|iof pola pluxic co 
Pfiica a pafici cp.o 7 pola ^op.f na mai^iB. Oenac "Cail- y( 
cm cen aip fine caufa lUfca ec -oigna. Scbpfif lunae 
iT)ibuf Occobfiif, x.1111. lunae; quafp ceficia uigiba 
.1111. pefiiae, fobfque T>if.peccuf .1111. jet. "Mouemb|iif, 
lunae xxuni, quaf p .mi. hoyia T)iei, .1111. pen-iae, f obf .xu. 



it See the note regard- 
ing this King of the Britons (or 
Welsh), under the preceding year. 

" Aedh, son of Cinadh. This was 
apparently Aedh, son of Cinaedh (or 
Kenneth) Mac Alpiu. See Skene's 
Chron, of Plcts and Scots, Pref., 
p. cxxxiv. 

3 Ruaidhri of Manann, Kuuidhri. 
sou of Muirmenn (or Mervyii), seems 
to have been King of Manann (the 
Isle of Man). See Williams' Eminent 
Welshmen, p. 438. These stanzas, 
which are not in B., are written in the 



top margin of fol. 44 a in A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
they might be introduced in the text. 

4 Cenn-tire. Kantyre, in Scotland. 

5 Garbsith, The same as the person 
whose name is written " Garfith " in 
the preceding prose entry. See Ann, 
Four Mast., at 875. 

6 The Editor is unable to translate 
the original, baile for barrfhinn bile, 
which seems devoid of sense or mean- 
ing. 

7 Maiuiater-Buiti. Monasterboice, 
co. Louth. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



393 



Kal. Jan., 23rd of the Moon. A.D. 877. Ruaidhri, 1 son 
of Muirmenn, King of the Britons, was killed by Saxons. 
Aedh, son of Cinad, 2 King of the Picts, was killed by 
his confederates. Garfith, son of Maelbrighte, King of 
Conaille, was beheaded by the Ui-Echach. 

Ruaidhri of Manann, 8 gem of delight ; 
Aedh from the lands of Cenn-tire 4 ; 
Donnchad, fair heir of a prince ; 
Garbsith,* ornament of smooth Macha. 



A 



It wte-my heart's limits, 

When I call to mind 

The cold flags over princes ! 



[877.] 



Cumuscach, son of Muiredach, King of Ui-Cremthainn, 
was slain by Ulidians. Maelpatraic, son of Cellach. abbot 
of Mainistir-Buiti, 7 died suddenly. Great wind and 
lightning. A shower of blood fell, which was found in 
lumps of gore and blood on the plains. 8 The " Fair " of 
Tailtiu 9 not celebrated, without just and sufficient cause. 
An eclipse of the moon on the Ides of October, the 14th 
of the moon, 10 about the third vigil, on a Wednesday ; 
and an eclipse of the sun on the 4th of the Kalends of 
November, the 28th of the moon, about the 7th hour of 
the day, on a Wednesday, 15 solar days intervening. 



8 On tit* plains. In a corresponding 
entry in the Chron. Scotorum (878) 
these plains are mentioned as in 
Cianachta, at Dumha na nDetsi, some 
place in the barony of Upper or 
Lower Deece, co. Meath ; though 
O'Donovan would identify it with 
Duma-nDresa, a place situated to the' 
north of the well-known hill of Knock- 
graffon, in the barony of Middlethird, 
co. Tipperary. See under the year 
897 infra. 



9 Fair of Tailtiu. See the note 
regarding this Fair, at the year 875 
supra, 

10 Fourteenth of the moon. The 
4th of the moon, according to the 
MS. B. The whole of this entry, 
not fully given in B., is added in the 
lower margin of fol. 44 a in MS. A., 
with a sign of reference to the place 
where it should be introduced in the 
text. 



394 



titoroti. 



446a. T>i6bufincenueniencibuf\ Sqiin Coluim cille 7 a minna 
olcena T>U cmccain 7>ocum n-Sn.en'o pop. ceicea'o jua 






1111. tunae. CCnno7>ommi T>ccc. lacx.uiii. 
CCe-o [pinntiach] mac Neill [cailte], fiex ^emoriiae, in 
.xii. let. TJecimbfimm n-TDnmm in afclain-o 1 epic 
Con ai lie Tjopmunc. 

"OuoTjecevn calami) cheolac 
"Oecimbip, -oian a 
1 n-epbailc aiviftu ai 
CCei> 



peyx pal onrait> 

"Oia|\inbu Ian 

^cmt ip^ 1 omna 

*Oi cein b^oga mac TPilet). 



plann mac ITIailfecnaill tiegnaiae incipic. 
mac TTIui|ie'Daic epifcopuf, pnincepr "Ojioma m af- 
clainn, ecrcenfo Dolose paufauic. "Pepgil mac Cum- 
fai-o, abb -Domnais 8ecnaill, T>O maiabaT) i n-T)inneraiHi. 
Oenjuf mac Cma[e]-5a, T>UX pe|i n-ayi-oa Ciannacca, 
mofiicu^. TTlaelcoBo mac Cfiunnmaeil, pnincepf aifiT) 
TYlaca, T>O e^aCail T>O ^allaiB, 7in peyilesmn .1. TTlocra. 



i.~ -Reliquaries. See Reeves' 
Adamnan, p. 315, note '-, regarding 
the meaning of the word minna. 

-Finnliath. Caille. These epithets 
are added in the margin in A, in 
a very old hand. They are not in 
B. 

3 Klnrj oj Temair (or of Tara) ; i.e. 
King of Ireland. 

4 Druim-Inasdaind. Now Drom- 
iskin, in a parish of the same name, 
barony and county of Louth. 

6 Twelfth. These stanzas are writ- 
ten in the top margin of fol. of 44 I 
in MS. A., with a mark of reference 
to the place in which they should be 
introduced iu the text. They are 



not in B. See the Ann. Four Mast., 
at the year 876. 

6 Flann. Otherwise called "Flann 
Sinna." His obit is recorded at the 
year 915 ( = 916) infra. The original 
of this entry, which is in the text in 
B., is added in the margin in A. 

7 Domnnch-Sechnaill. Now D uu- 
shaughlin, in the county of Meath. 

8 In secrecy. The so-called trans- 
lator of these Annals, whose version 
is preserved in the MS. Clar. 49, British 
Museum, considered the expression 
in-T>tnnecaiciu. (which means killing 
a person, and hiding the body), as sig- 
nifying the name of a place. O'Couor 
reudero it by "iu depradatione." 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



31)5 



The shrine of Colum-Cille, and all his minnci, 1 arrived in 
Ireland, to escape the Foreigners. 

KaL Jan., the 4th of the moon. A.D. 878. Aedh 
[Finnlaith 2 ], son of Niall [Cattle 9 ], King of Temair, 3 
'fell asleep' in Druim-Inasclaind 1 in the territory of 
Conailli, on the 12th of the Kalends of December. 

On the twelfth 5 of the musical Kalends 

Of December, fierce its iefiFpgsts, 

Died the noblest of princes, 

Aedh of Ailech, chief King of the Gaedhil. 

Alstcady, manly man [was he], 
Ofwhom territorial Temair 3 was full ; 
A shield against Lulflon dangers, 
Of the stout stock of Milidh's sons. 

Flann son of Maelsechnaill begins to reign. Tigeruach 
son of Muiredhach, a bishop, abbot of Druim-Inasclaind, 4 
' rested ' after a protracted illness. Fergil son of Cuin- 
sad, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill, 7 was murdered in 
secrecy. 8 Oengus, son of Cina[e]dh, chief of the men of 
Ard-Cianachta, 9 died. Maelcobho 10 son of Crunnmael, 
abbot of Ard-Macha, was taken prisoner by Foreigners ; 



[878.] 



8 Men of Ard-Ciatutckta Or Fir- 
Arda-Cianachta : A tribe whose ter- 
ritory is now represented by the 
barony of Fcrrard, in the county of 
Loutli. 

10 Maelcobho. His name is in the 
list of the comarbs (or successors) of 
St. Patrick contained in the Book of 
Leltuster (p. 42, col. 4), where he is 
represented as having ruled only two 
years, (Todd wrongly prints v. years, 
St. Patrick, p. 182), and as having 
been of the ' family ' of Cill-mor, or 
Cill-mor-Ua-Niallain, now Kilmore 
in the barony of 0"Neilland West, in 
thu county of Armagh. Sec at the 
year 870 tupra, where it U stated that 



there was a change of abbots in Ar- 
magh, and that Aiumeri, whose obit 
is noted under this year in this 
chronicle, was appointed in the place 
of Maelcobho, who was displaced. 
There is a good deal of confusion 
regarding the succession to the ab- 
bacy or bishoprick of Armagh at this 
time, as appears from the lists pub- 
lished by Todd (St. Patrick, pp. 174- 
182). The oldest list, that in the 
Book of Leinster, which gives the 
order of succession as Ainmere, Mael- 
cobo, and Cathassach, is probably the 
most correct. See Harris's Ware, 
Vol. I., p. 4(i. 



396 



CCMMCClCC lllCTOtl. 



CCfcotc mon. pop, cep,ait> ipinT> eppuc. pole mop 

TTlaelcepe -DUX Oa Cpenicamn occipup epr. 
mac plaibep.cai|, pig-oomna m cuaipceipc, 
mopicup. pmpnecca mac TYlaelecopcpai, pex Luigne 
Connacc, mopicup. CCmmepi ppmcepp .ix. menpium 1 
n-apT> TYlaca -oopmiuic. "Dungal ptiincepp 



let. lanaip, xu. Umae. CCnno T)omini -Dccc. lxx. ix. 
pep.a'oac mac Copmaic, abbaf 1ae, paufauic. TTIaet- 
ciajaain mac Conain^, |iex "Cecbai, m clefticacu uicam 
pimtnc. "Dtiibticip, pfimcepf Ctuana auif ec 
CCi]fiinT)ain, moficuuf 



cen 'ootmai 
Mi |\oac 511 af co tnajibu, 
mDai) catam 
fencait) batiit) 



tTlinyiecan mac Cofimaic, pp-mcepf 
fYlaelmifrc mac "Duibm-Dfiecc occifup 

]ct. 1anai|i., tii. a lunae. CCnno T>omim T>CCC. Ixxx. 
Pepcaiia abbaf benncain. mofiruuv efc. Cfainnmaet 
Cluana cam, epifcopuf ec anco^ira, T>o|imiuir;. 
cac Ciannam DO cofcpac T>O gallaiB 7 a Ian TH 
T>O 



Autumn. iprro 

x, A. and B. 

2 Luiglme of Connaught A vcrj- 
distinguished tribe, whose territory is 
now represented by the barony of 
Leyny, in the county of Sligo. 

3 Leith-glenn. Now Leighlin, or 
Leighlin Bridge, in the county of 
Carlow, the site of a very ancient 
bishoprick. 

1 Feradhach. See Reeves' Ad 
amnan, p. 391. 



5 la. lona, in Scotland. 

6 TeMa.See note 9 , p. 316 supra. 

7 Dubhlitlr. Literally " Black- 
letter." 

8 Cluain-Eois. Clones, in the 
present county of Rfonaghan. 

9 Tech-Airenain. The " House of 
Airenan." Now Tyfarnham, in a 
parish of the same name, barony of 
Corkaree, and county of Westmeath. 

10 There tasted not death tii erpib 
bctf f. This is merely a portion of 






ANNALS OP ULSTER. 



397 



and the lector, i.e. Mochta. Great scarcity [of food] for 
cattle in the spring. Great profusion in the autumn. 1 

JJalgarg 
ilns- 



Maelcere, chief of the Ui-Cremhthain, was slain, 
son of Flaithbertach. royaljieir of the North, died, 
nechtalion of Maelcorcrai, King of the Luighne of Conn- 
aught, 2 died. Ainmeri, abbot of Ard-Macha during nine 
months, 'fell asleep.' Dungal, abbot of Leith-glenn,' 
died. 

Kal. Jan., m. 15. A.D. 879. Feradhach 4 son of 
Cormac, abbot of la, 5 rested. Maelciarain son of Conaing, 
King of Tethba, ended an old age in a religious state. 
Dubhlitir, 7 abbot of Cluain-Eois 8 and Tech-Airenain, 9 
died. 



There tasted not death 10 quickly, 
There went not usually to the dead, 
The fruitful land was not closed over 
A historian more illustrious. 

Muirecan son of Cormac, abbot of Sentrebh," died. 
Maelmithich, 18 son of Dubhindrecht, was slain. 

Kal. Jan., the Oth of the moon. A.D. 880. Ferchair, 
abbot of Bennchair," died. Crunnmael of Cluain-cain, 14 a 
bishop and anchorite, 'fell asleep.' The oratory of 
Cianan 15 was plundered by Foreigners, and its full of 
people taken out of it ; and Barith, a great tyrant of the 



[879.] 



[880.] 



some stanzas written on the top margin 
of fol. 45<i in MS. A., the beginning 
of the verses having been mutilated 
by the binder. 

"Sentrebh. The "Old House." 
Santry, a few miles to the north of 
Dublin. 

12 Madmithich. The Four Masters 
(at A.D. 877) write the name Mael - 
mithidh, and state that he was slain 
by the Airthera, a powerful tribe 
whose territory is now represented by 



the baronies of Orior, in the east of 
the present co. Armagh. 

>3 Bennkair Bangor, in the county 
of Down. 

lt Cluain coin. O'Donovan identi- 
fies this place (Four Mast., A.D. 836, 
note u) with Clonkeen, in the barony 
of Ardee, and county of Louth. 

15 The oratory of Cianan. This 
was at Duleek, co Meath, the monas- 
tery of which was founded by St 
Cianan. See note 6 , p. 29 supra. 



398 



ulcroTi. 



NopTvomarmopum a Cicmncmo occipup epr. Tttael- 
pincill mac 1TI 115110111 pex Oa paitgi mopirup. 



Foi. 4466. mac 1TlaetcaupapT>Ta ppincepp CCip-o ppam, Oenacan 
mac Hua-opac ppmcepp tupcan, placeman mac 
Ceallaij pex Oa mujfuuin Cuatann, mopuincup. 
Suibne epipcopup Cille 7>apo Cfineuic. Rui-o^el epip- 
copup abbap imteco 1baip qtnetnt;. YYlaelpabaitl mac 
tomtit, pex Caip^e bpacai-oe, mopisup. 

let. lanaip, un. a lunae. CCnno -Domim 7>ccc. lxxx. 1. 
Sloge-D la plann mac TTIaelfeclainn co n-'gaUaib j 
^oiT>elaib ifa pc-cla, con'oeifi'D 1 TTlas ici^ri T>a glaif co 
\i mn|ie < D leif a^i-DT) Tllaca. TTIuiiice^ac mac "Meill, 
abba^ -oai^e Calcai ec abafium ciuicarum, paufauic. 
1mcocaim inp, topcan mac Cofqiaic, pi "Miallain, 7 
"Oonnacan mac pogepcais pi| pepnmui^e. belboUim 
inp Conaille TTluip^eimney Ullui, irop.caip CCnp mac 
CCe'oa pecc tlta^, 7 Conaltan mac TTlaeleT>uin p.ex Cof>o, 
en aln nobilep ceci-oepunc. ConaiUe uiccopef epanc. 
Scannlan ppmcepp "Own le^glaifpi lugtilarup epc o 
llUraib. Copmac mac Ciapain, pecnap cluana pepra 
bpenamn ec ppmcepp cuama 7>a sualann, mopicup. 



1 Killed by Cianan. The Four 
Masters (at A.D. 878) state that 
Barith was "killed and burned" in 
Ath-cliath [Dublin] "through the 
miracles of God and Cianan." The 
Barith here mentioned was of course 
a different person from the " Barid 
son of Ottir " referred to at the year 
913 infra. See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhil, &c., Introd., pp. Ixxiv., 
Ixxxiv., and pp. 273-4. 

2 Maelsinchill. His name occurs 
in the list of the Kings of Ui-Failge 
in the Book ofLeinster (p. 40, col. 3), 
where he is stated to have reigned 
during nine years. 



3 Ard-sratha. Ardstraw, in the 
county of Tyrone. 

4 Imlech-Ibhair. Emly, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary ; 
the seat of an ancient bishoprick. 

5 Carraig-Brachaidke.~See note u , 
p. 325 supra, 

6 Mayh-ilir-da-glas. This name 
signifies the " plain between two 
rivers." The place has not been 
identified. 

7 Daire-Calcaigh. The old Irish 
name of Deny, or Londonderry. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 160, note r. 

8 Ui-Niallaln. A branch of the 
great stock of the Airghialla, whose 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



399 



Norsemen, was afterwards killed b}* t'ianan. 1 Mael- 
sinchill, 3 son of Mughron, King of the Ui-Failghi, died. 
Oenghus, son of Maelcaurarda, abbot of Ard-sratha; 8 
Oeiiacan, son of Ruaidhri, abbot of Lusca, [and] Flaithe- 
man, son of Cellach, King of Ui-Briuin-Cualann, died. 
Suibline, bishop of Cill-dara, rested. Ruidhgel, a bishop, 
abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, 4 rested. Maelfabhaill, son of 
Loingsech, King of Carraig-Brachaide/ died. 

Kal. Jan., the 7th of the moon. A.D. 881. A hosting 
by Flann_son of Maelsechlainn. witli_-E!oreigners and 
Irish, into the North, when tfcey-halted atlkfagh-itir-da- 
giasT^aDft Afd-lfteh4 was plundered by him. MuirclTer- 
Tach son of Niall, abbot of Daire-Calcaigh 7 and other 
monasteries, rested. Lorcan son of Coscrach, King of 
the Ui-Niallain, 8 and Donnacan son of Fogartach, King 
of Fernmhagh, 9 fell by each other. 10 A battle between 
the Conaille-Muirthemhne and the Ulidians, in which 
Anfith 11 son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, and Conallan son of 
Maelduin, King of Cobho, 12 and other nobles were slain. 
The Conaille were victors. Scannlan, abbot of Dun- 
lethglaisi, was slain by Ulidians. Cormac son of Ciaran, 
vice-abbot of Clnain-ferta-Brenainn, and abbot of Tuaim- 



[881.] 



tribe name, Ui-Niallain, is still pre- 
served in the names of the baronies 
of O'Ncilland East and West, in the 
county of Armagh. 

8 Fernmhagh. Now represented by 
the barony of Farney, in the county 
of Monaghan. 

10 Fell by each other. The literal 
translation of the original, imrocaitn 
idfv Lojvcan .... 7 "Donna- 
can, would be "a mutual falling 
between Lorcan .... and Don- 
nacan;" which means that the two 
fell in mutual conflict. 

"Anfith The name is written 

" Anbith" in a list of the Kings of 



the Ulaid contained in the Soot of 
Leinster, p. 41, col. 3, where he is 
stated to have reigned ten years, and 
to have been slain in the country of 
the "Airthera" (or " Oriors "), at 
Dabull [a river in the county of Ar- 
magh, now known by the name of 
"the Tall river."] See Reeves' 
Colton's Visitation, p. 126. 

12 Cobho. Here used forUi-Echach 
Cobho (or descendants of Echaidh 
Cobho), whose territory is now repre- 
sented by the baronies of Lower and 
Upper Iveagh, in the county of 
Down. 



400 



UlCCDtl. 



Fol. 



b. 



Concobap, mac T^aiT>5, pex ceofia Conn ace, 
penilem pmuic. CCe-oan pfimcepp Cluana ijxaifvo m 
pace quieuic. "Oubmnpe, pfimcepp mnfi cam "Oe^a, 



jet. lanaip, lunae xum. CCnno 7>ommi T>CCC. lxxx. 
11. rnaelpuam epifcopup tufcan m pace T>on.miuiT;. 
Cum up cac mac "Oomnaill pex Cemuil Loe^aiyie 
bfiaen mac 'Ciseyinais occif up epc o CCnpic mac 



bn-oen mac 'Cigeiinaij cen 501, 
Cat)la eticlo^ pon mbit che, 
Oenguf -00 gum anial toen, 
Cam oen "DO t>ecfiaiti "Oe. 

mic CCufti o maclenpn 7 o mgam TTlaetfecnaitl. 
CCnpic mac THup.ain,'DUx TTlusTiopnamb 
Oococcan mac CCe-DO, le fii tllaT), 
CCnpir mic CCe-bo. Cacapac mac Hobayxcaic, 
aip,T) TTlaca, m pace quieuir;. Oen^uf mac TYlaete- 
, fii5T)omna m cuaifcijic, oecoltacuf epc o 7>al 



]ct. lanaip., lunae xx. a ix. CCnno T>ommi T)CCC. C 
lxxx. 111. CCilbn-enn mac TTlaiccic, ppmcepf Cluana 

aifiD bpecain uiram pemlem pimuiu. "Oomnall 
Tnuipecain, pex Lapnenpium, -iii ^vw ^ 



mac 



1 Tuaim-da-ghualann. Tuam, in 
the count}' of Galway. 

2 A good old age. The words 
mcctm pernlem pinmic are repre- 
sented in the Ann. Four Mast., (A.D. 
879) by mri iroeisbechaiT), "after 
a good life." 

3 Inis-cain-Dega. Inishkeen, in 
the barony and county of Louth. 

4 Braen. The original of these 
lines, (not in B.), is written in the 



lower margin of fol. 446 in A., with 
a sign of reference to the place where 
they might be introduced into the 
text. 

5 Oengus. The person whose de- 
capitation forms the last entry for this 
year. 

6 Braen. The MS. A. has toen, 
which is obviously a mistake for 
byioen. 

7 lergni. Called lefxcne in MS, 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



401 



da-ghualann, 1 died. Conchobar son of Tadhg, King of 
the three divisions of Connaught, ended a good old age. 8 
Aedhau, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, rested in peace. Dubh- 
innse, abbot of Inis-cain-Dega, 8 died. 

Kal. Jan., the 18th of the moon. A.D. 882. Maelruain, [882.] 
bishop of Lusca, slept in peace. Cumuscach son of 
Doinnall, King of Cinel-Loegaire, died. Braen, son of 
Tigemach, was slain by Anfith son of Gairbhith. 

Rroen,* son of Tigemach, without guile ; 
Whose renown was great throughout the world. 
Oengus 5 was killed, like Braen. 6 
HP. w>yq not *f God's enemies. 

Death of the son of Ausli, by the son of lergni 7 and the 
daughter 8 of Maelsechnaill. Anfith, son of Mughran, 
chief of Mughdhorna-Bregh, was slain. Eochocan, son of 
Aedh, half-king 9 of Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Anfith, 10 
son of Aedh. Cathasach, 11 son of Robartach, abbot of 
Ard-Macha, rested in peace. Oenghus, son of Maelduin, 
royal heir of the North, was beheaded by the Dal- 
Araidhe. 

Kal. Jan., the 29th of the inoon. A.D. 883. Ailbrenn, [883.] BIS. 
son of Maichtech, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, died after 
a long illness. Suairlech, abbot of Ard-Brecain, 
ended a long life. Domnall, son of Muirecan, King 
of the Leinstermen, was slain by his associates. 



A., at the year 851 (=852) supra, 
and 6ifxcne in the corresponding 
entry in B See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhil, etc., Introd., p. IxiiL The 
Ckron. Scotorum, at A.D. 883, gives 
the name of the son of lergni (or 
Eirgni), as " Otir." 

'Daughter. Her name was Muir- 
gel, according to the Chron. Scotm-vm. 

9 Half-king. In the list of the 



Kings of Ulidia in the Book of Lein- 
ster, p. 41, col. 3, Eochocan is set 
down as full king of that province, 
the duration of his government being 
limited to one year. 

10 Anfith. See the record of his 
death among the entries for the pre- 
ceding year. 

11 Cathasach. Sec the note on 
Maelcobho, at the year 878 sujtra. 

2D 



402 



OCNUOClCC UlCCDtl. 






puip. Coipppi mac "Ounlam^e, pex iapaip lipi, mop- 
cuup epc. Conaing mac lamn, pigoomna Ciannachra, 
oecollacup epc a La^menpibup. "Oonncuan mac 
Com>alai5, pex Ciannachca glmne garnim, mopicup. 
"Ounacan mac T^uarcaip, -DUX galens collumpac, 
uiguUrcup epc o ^alen^ait) mopaiB. Copmac mac 
Ceicepnaig, fecnap "Cipe i)a glaf 7 cluana pepra 
bpenainn paupauic. Ho^aitlnec abbap benncatp, 
T)unacan mac Copmaic abbap maimpcpec buici, Con- 
allan mac TTlaelceimin ppmcepp mnpi cam "Dega, -oop- 
miepunc. 

]ct. lanaip, x. lunae. CCnno -Domini T>CCC. lxxx. 
1111. 'Cinleplaic abacipa Cille T)apo T>opmiuic, ec 
Scannal epipcopup Ctlte T>apo mopicup. "Oomnall mac 
Cmae^a pi cemuit Loegaipe m clepicacu obnc. TTIael- 
cuile mac peccnaig, ppmcepp gUnfr 6 noiT>e mopcuup 
epc. TTIaelparpaicc mac TTIaelecaupap-oa, pex na 
Ti-CCipgialla, lujtitacupepc a pocnppuip. Gclippippolip, 
ec uipae punc pcellae m coeto. ttlael/otnn mac Oen- 
juppo, pex coille pollamam, mopicup. Copmac, ppm- 
cepp Cluana ipaiptyo ec epipcopup "Ooimbacc, excenpo 
oolope paupar. 1n mac oc CpoeB laippe -oo labpa-5 
t wa *oa mip lap na ^eimmin, quo*o ab anciquip cem- 
popibup non au^icum epc. TDuipe^ac mac bpam 
pex taginenpium er ppmcepp Cille T>apa, -oopmiuic. 
"Ounecare -DO -oenum 1 CittT)apo. Uluspon mac Cmn- 
), ppmcepp cluana pepca bpen-oam, mopicup. 



1 larthar-Liphe. Or larthar Lifi. 
See note ', p. 100 supra. 

2 Cianachta, i.e. the Cianachta of 
Bregh (or Bregia) , in the present county 
of Meath; one of several septs de- 
scended from Cian, the son of Oilill 
Oluim, King of Minister in the 2nd 
century. 

3 Cianachta-Glinne-gaimhin. See 
note 7 , p. 132 supra. 



4 Gailenga-mora. The " Great 
Gailenga." The name is still pre- 
served in that of the barony of Mor- 
gallion, in the north of the county of 
Meath 

8 Pice-abbot. pecnap. The Four 
M. (at A.D. 881), say pfuoifi, or prior. 

6 Glais-noide. Usually written 
" Glais-noidhen ; " Glasnevin, to the 
north of Dublin. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 408 

Coirpri son of Dunlaing, King of larthar-Liphe, 1 died. 
Conaing son of Flann, royal heir of Cianachta, 8 was 
beheaded by Leinstermen. Donncuan son of Condalach, 
King of Cianachta-Glinne-gaimhin, 8 died. Dunacan son 
of Tuathcar, chief of Gailenga-Collumiuch, was slain by 
the Gailenga-mora. 4 Cormac son of Ceithernach, vice- 
abbot 5 of Tir-da-glas and Cluain-ferta-Brenainn, rested. 
Rogaillnech, abbot of Bennchair ; Dunacan son of Cormac, 
abbot of Mainistir-Buiti ; Conallan son of Maelteimin, 
abbot of Tnis-cain-Dega, ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan., the 10th of the moon. A.D. 884. Tuile- t 884 3 
flaith, abbess of Cill-dara, ' fell asleep ' ; and Scannal, 
bishop of Cill-dara, died. Domnall son of Cinaedh, King 
of Cinel-Loegaire, died in religion. Maeltuile son of 
Fechtnach, abbot of Glais-noide, 8 died. Maelpatraic son 
of Maelcaurarda, King of the Airghialla, was slain by his 
associates. An eclipse of the sun ; and the stars were 
seen in the heavens. Maelduin son of Oengus, King of 
Coille-Follamhain, 7 died. Cormac, abbot of Cluain-Iraird, 
and bishop of Daimliac, rested after prolonged suffering. 
A boy 8 spoke at Croebh-Laisre, 9 two months after his 
birth, a thing that had not been heard from ancient times. 
Muiredhach son of Bran, King of the Leinstermen, and 
abbot of Cill-dara, ' fell asleep.' A secret murder 10 was 
committed in Cill-dara. Mughron son of Cennfaeladh, 
abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brendain, died. 



7 Coille-Follamhain. " Follam- | 9 Croebh-Laiare. The " tree of St. 



han's (or Fallen's) Wood." A dis- 
trict which included the church (and 
present parish) of Knssagh, in the 
barony of Moygoish, co. Westmeath. 
8 A boy. 1n mac, " The boy," A. 



B. This proatfBp is included in the 
list of the " Wonders of Ireland," 
published by Todd, frith Nentriu*, 



Lasair." The name of a monastery 
near Clonmacnoise, in the King's 
county. See Todd's Irish ffenniug, 
p. 208, note x. 

10 Secret murder. Tjunecore. A 
term used to express an aggravated 
kind of murder, where the body was 
concealed afterwards. See O'Dono- 



p. 193, sq. ' van's Four .Wasters, A.n. 1349, note h. 

2D2 



404 



uleroti. 






.b. 



}ct. lanaip, crcci. 1. CCnno T>omim t>ccc. IOKCX." u. 
Gipemon mac CCe^o, lee pi lilac, o 6oloip mac 6psni 
occippup epc. Cloeobap mac TYlaelecinle, pecnap 
Foi. 45a6. cluana ipaipT), 7 Robapcac mac Colcan ppmcepp Cille 
comae, T>opmiepunc. pacnae mac CCnpc, pex UlaT), a 
pocnp pmp lu^ulactip epc. Scannal mac "peppl, ppm- 
cepp T>omnai Seen ai II, a ppacpibup puip occipup epr. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno -Domini T>CCC lxxx. in. THupca-D 
mao tnaele-ninn, pisDomna ifn]7> poclm, *DO mapba-o o 
plannacan mac po^ppcai?;, pi J2epnmai^i. _. Ti^epnac 
mac 'Colaip^, pig-oomna T>eipcipc bpej, m^ulactip epc 
a pocnp puip. 6ipipcil 7>o nachcam lapm aibcip 
oocum n-GpenT), co cam T)omnai| 7 co popceclait) maici15 
aiiliJB. ectn-D tamne mac Com$am, epipcopup, tiicam 
pemlem pmiuic. TTIaelmupa pi^pleT) Gpenn mopcuup 
epc. 



calam cogu, 1 

tit caipcett (^piti ipmap pep po TYlael tni[n]5la[n] TYltipti. 
Mi eppib bapp cen T>otmai, m poacc snap co mapbti, 
Mip la^a-o calam cpebcac pop pencait ba-oit* ampti. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T)ommi T>CCC. lxxx. un. 171 ael- 
coba mac Cpunnmail, abbap aip-o-o THaca,uicam pemlem 
pimuic. TTlaelcuile mac Cilen, ppmcepp cluana pepca 
bpenam-o, paupauic. TDaelpacpaicc pcpiba ec papienp 



1 Eiremhon. This name is written 
' ' Auromun " in the Book of Leinster 
list (p. 41, col. 3) of the Kings of 
Ulidia, where Auromun is represented 
as full King of the province during 
3 years. 

2 Ergne. Apparently the lercne 
(or Eircne) whose death is recorded 
above at the year 851. 

3 Clothobar. This name is repre- 
sented by " Clothchu " in the Ann. 
Four M. (A.D. 884), where he is said 
to have been "Prior of Cluain-Iraird," 
instead of vice-abbot. 



4 Cill-Toma. Kiltoom, in the 
barony of Fore, co. Westmeath. 

5 The Fochla. A name frequently 
applied in these and other Annals to 
the North of Ireland. 

6 Fernmhagh. - A territory now 
represented, in name at least, by the 
barony of Farney, in the county of 
Monaghan. 

7 ' Cain-Domnaigh.' Literally 
" Sunday Law." A code enforcing 
the strict observance of Sunday. 

8 Lann. The Four Masters (A.D. 
884) say that Echaidh was bishop of 



ANNALS OF ULSTEK. 



405 



CS 8& 7 



Kal. Jan., in. 21. A.D. 885. Eireiuhoii 1 son of [885.J 
Aedh, half-King of Ulidia, was slain by Eloir son of 
Ergne. 2 Clothobar 3 son of Maeltuile, vice-abbot of 
Cluain-Iraird, and Robhartach son of Colcu, abbot of 
Cill-Toma, 4 ' fell asleep.' Fiachna son of Antith, King of 
Ulidia, was slain by his associates. Scannal son of 
Fergal, abbot of Domnach-Sechnaill, was killed by his 
.brethren. 

Kal. Jan. AJX 886. Murchadh son of Maelduin, 
royal heir of the Fochla, 3 was~Eilled by Flannacan son 
of FogarTach, King^pfFennuhagh. 6 Tigernach son of 
Tolarg, royal heir of the South of Bregh, was killed by 
his associates. An epistle came with the pilgrim to Ire- 
land, with the ' Cain Domnaigh,' 7 and other good 
instructions. Echaidh of Lann, 8 son of Coingau, a bishop, 
ended a long life. Maelinura, 9 King-poet of Ireland, 
died. 

There trod not 10 the choice earth, there flourished not at 

Temair the high, 
The great Erin produced not a man, like the mild-bright 

Maelmura. 
There sipped not death without sorrow, there went not 

usually to the dead, 
The habitable earth was not closed over, a historian more 

excellent. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 887. Maelcobha 11 son of Crunnmael, C g 87.] HIS 
abbot of Ard-Macha, ended a long life. Maeltuile, son of 
Cilen, abbot of Cluain-ferta-Brenaind, rested. Mael- 



" Lami-Eala " (now Lynally, in the 
barony of Ballycowan, Kiug'scounty). 
" Maelmura, Otherwise known as 
" Maelmura Othna " (Maelmura of 
Othan, or Fahan, near Lough Swilly, 
in the present barony of Inishowen 
West, co. Donegal). See an account 
of Maelmura's compositions in 
O'Keilly's Irith Writer t, p. Ivi. See 
Todd's Irish Neimius, p. 222, note q. 



10 There trod not. The original of 
these lines (not in B) is written in 
the top margin of fol. 4<xr, in A. 
Some letters have been injured by the 
binder, in the process of trimming the 
edges of the MS. 

11 Maelcobha. See above at the 
year 878, where Maelcobha is stated 
to have been captured by Foreigner?. 



406 



ulcroTi. 



opcimup, ppmcepp TTpeoic 7 maep mumcepi 
* ppi pliat5 an-oep, quieuiu. T)unchaT> rnac "Ouib-oa- 

baipeann, pex Caipil, mopicup. Caqaoiniu-o pop plann 
mac Tflaelpecnaill pe n-^allaib, 7>u icopcaip CCe-5 mac 
Concobaip pex Connacc, 7 tepgup mac Cpuinnein 
epipcopup Cille -oa^a, 7 T)onnca mac 1TlaeleT)Uin 
pfimcepf CiUe -oetca &c aliapum ciuicacum. Cembali 
mac "Dungaile, fiex Oppai^i, fubica mofise pepur; 
Cucenmaai|i ppincepp imleco IBaifi paufauir. "Colafig 
mac Cellaig leic pi T)6ifci|ir; bfieg ui^am fenilem 
Sicpfiic mac 1mai|i fiex NojiT)manno[im a 
fuo pep -oolum occifup eft;. Oenac 
cen aigi ceciT>ic. 

]ct. lanaip.. CCnno'Domini -occc. locxx. uni. 
la *0omnalt mac CCe-oo co pepaiB cuaipcipc Gpenn 7 co 
n^altaib cu htl Wei II m Deifcipr. TTlaelmapcain 
Foi. 456a. comapba Camni mopcuup efc. TTloenach ppincepp 
, Cille acai"5 T>pummoca mopcuuf epc. Oenac caillcen 
cen 0151- 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>ommi -occc. Ixxx. ix. Coelum 
apDepe uipum epc in nocce jCalemjapum lanuapn. 
THaelpaupaicc mac "Neill, ppincepp 8lane, ^elicicep 
oopmiuic. Ougan mac dnnpaela-o, ppincepp imleco 
1 bai p, 1 u 511 lacu v epc. 5 1 blecan m ac TT1 aelbpi gee, pex 
Conaille TTluipceimne, mopirup. plann mgen T)un- 
jaile, pigan pig "Cempa, m penicencia "oopmiuic. CCip- 
meT)ac ppmcepp TTlaisi bile -Dopmiuic. 



1 Treoit. Now Trevet, in the 
barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

2 To the south of the mountain, 
PKI1 f licit) a n-T>ef ; literally "to- 
wards the mountain from the south." 
The translator in the Clar. 49 version 
renders the expression " by the moun- 
tain southerly," and renders the word 
rnaep, (or steward) by " Serjeant." 

3 Flann. Flann Shma, King of 
Ireland. 



4 Cu-cen-mathair. This name sig- 
nifies " canis sine matre." 

5 Imlech-Ibhair. Now Emly, the 
site of an ancient bishopric, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, co. Tipperary. 

6 Tatltiu. Now Teltown, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 
The celebration, or non-celebration, 
of the fairs (or games) of Teltown 
seemed to be regarded as matters of 
great importance, judging from the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



407 



patraic, a most excellent scribe and sage, abbot of Treoit,' 
and steward of Patrick's ' people ' to the south of the 
mountain, 2 rested. Dunchad son of Dubhdabhairenn, 
King of Cashel, died. A victory gained over Flann, 8 son 
of Maelsechnaill, by Foreigners, in which fell Aedh, son 
of Concobhar, King of Connaught, and Lergus son of 
Cruinnen, bishop of Cill-dara, and Donnchadh son of 
Maelduin, abbot of Cill-delga and other religious establish- 
ments. Cerbhall son of Dungal, King of Osraighi, died 
suddenly. Cu-cen-mathair, 4 abbot of Imlech-Ibhair,* 
rested. Tolarg son of Cellach, half-king of the South 
of Bregh, finished an old age. Sicfrith son of Imar, 
King of the Norsemen, was deceitTuITy slain Ey~iris 
Brother. !TEappene^~lJia1rtJie - Faii r of Tailtiu 4 was not 



celebrated, 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 888. A hosting by Domnafl^sdn of Aedh, 
with the men of the North of Irelandj^anoTwith Foreigners, 
to the Ui-Neill of the South. Maelmartain, successor of 
Cainnech, died. Moenach, abbot of Cill-Achaidh-droma- 
fota, died. The Fair of Tailtiu' not celebrated. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 889. The sky seemed to be on fire on 
the night 7 of the Kalends of January. Maelpatraic son of 
Niall, abbot of Slane, ' fell asleep ' happily. Eugan son 
Cennfaeladh, abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, 8 was slain. Gible- 
chan son of Maelbrighte, King of Conailli-Muirtheimhne, 
died. Flann daughter of Dungal, Queen of the King of 
Temhair, 9 ' fell asleep ' in penitence. Airmedach, abbot 
of Magh-Bile, ' fell asleep.' 



[888.] 



[889.] 



frequent allusions made to them in 
this and other chronicles. See under the 
next year, and note 8, p. 387 tupra. 

* On the, night. i nocce. A. 

* Imlech-Ibhair. See a note regar- 
ding this place, under the year 887. 

* King of Temhair. (or Tara) ; 
j.e. King of Ireland. The Four 



Matters (at A.I>. 886) explain that 
this King was Maelsechnaill son of 
M ad ru a uaii 11 1 (or Malachy I.), and 
that Flann Sinna, King of Ireland 
for nearly 30 years, and whose obit 
is given at the year 916 (alias 
91G) infra, was the son of Queen 
Flaun. 



408 



CCNNCClOC lllCCOtl. 



Jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omim T>CCC. xc. (aliap xc. 1.)- 
mac TYlaelemnn, abbap 1a, in pace quietus. 
Concobap mac plannacan, pex Oa pailgi, TK> opcam 
V yfH 'Qqigi'Pi cluain poca^ rnumcip pm -DO papu^a-D 
vprvo eclaip, 7 minna mnia T>O papu^a-D oco 7 T>O 
lopca-o. Tnaelmop-oa mac aipbi o Ceallac mac 
plannacam -oecollacup epc .1. pex Canaille TYluip- 
ceiTiine. Copmac ppmcepp pobaip 7 ranii abbait) 
Cluana mic Moif mo|iir;u|i. Coyimac mac 
ppmcepf T)|ioma m afclamn, T)on.mitiic. 
epifcopuf Lufcan T)oinniiuic. pou ptvmcepf mamif- 
buice mofiicufi. 8uibne mac TTIailehumai, 
a er; fcfiiba opcimuf Cluana mace U "Moif, T>on.- 
banf cal fiolai an mui|i a n-CClbam, cacc. .. 
ma poc, xtm. t?o^ o cfiillfi, uii. cfiaigi poc 
meoip, a laime, un. cn,ai|i poc a f|iona. S 1 ^ 1 !" 1 geif 
tule hi. TTlaelpaBtull mac Cleinis, fii| GCi-one, mop- 
coup epc. 

.b. let. 1 an ai p. CCn n o -nom 1 n i -occc. xc. 1 . (all ap xc. 1 1 .). 
1Haelbpi|ce, abbap Cluana mic "Moip, m pace-oopmiuic. 
Uencup mapiup m pepia TTlapcini, con'oappgap pi-odp 
map ip naib cailliB, 7 copuc na T>aupcaip ap a la- 
7 na caii olcena. TT1 aelcopgip, ppmcepp Locpi, 



1 Cluain-fota. The "long lawn" 
(or " meadow "). This entry is rather 
loosely constructed in the original, 
and the corresponding record in the 
Ann, Four Masters, A.D. 887, is not 
more grammatical. The old translator 
of these Annals in Clar. 49 renders 
the entry "Conor, &c., dyed of a mor- 
tall ftux [recte " was destroyed with 
fire"] at Clonfad-Mackfini, dishon- 
oured in the church, and the reliques 
of Finian dishonoured and burnt 
with him." The meaning of the 
passage is made clear by a note in 
the Boole of Leinster (p. 40, col. 3), 
which represents Couchobar son of 



Flannacan as having been slain in 
Cluain-fota, in the church, when all 
the writings (pcfiepcfui) of Finnian 
were burnt with him, and Finnian a 
reliquaries profaned about him. 

2 Tanist-abbot. Tanist is the 
Anglicised form of the Irish tamp 
(or tcmcnpi), which means "second." 
or next in the order of succession 

3 Druim-Inasclainn. This form 
has been corrupted to Dromiskin, the 
name of a townland and parish in the 
barony and county of Louth. 

4 Mainistir-Buite. Monasterboice , 
co. Louth. 

B Suibhne. This was an eminent 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



409 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 890 (alias 891). Flann son of Mael- ^m] 
duin, abbot of la, rested in peace. Conchobar son of 
Flannacan, King of Ui-Failghi, was put to death by fire 
in Cluain-fota. 1 The ' family ' of Fini were profaned in 
the church, and the reliquaries of Finnia were profaned 
and burned there. Maelmordha son of Gairbhith, i.e., 
King of Conailli-Muirtheimhne, was beheaded by Cellach 
son of Flannacan. Cormac, abbot of Fobhar, and tanist- 
abbot 2 of Cluam-mic-Nois, died. Cormac son of Fiana- 
mail, abbot of Druim-Inasclainn, 3 ' fell asleep.' Sechna- 
sach, bishop of Lusca, ' fell asleep.' Fothuth, abbot of 
Mainistir-Uuite, 1 died. Suibhne" son of Maelumai, 
anchorite, and excellent scribe, of Cluain-mac-U-Nois, 
' fell asleep.' A woman" was cast ashore by the sea, in 
Alba, whose length was 195 feet. The length of her hair 
was 1 7 feet ; the length of a finger of her hand was 7 feet ; 
the length of her nose 7 feet. She was altogether whiter 
than a swan. Maelfabhuill, son of Cleirech, King of . \ 
Aidhne, 7 died 

. Kal. Jan. A.D. 891 (alias 892). Maelbrighte, abbot [891.] BIS 
of Cluain-mac-Nois, slept in peace. A great storm on the 
feast of St. Martin, which created great destruction of 
trees in the forests, and carried away the oratories and 
other houses from their sites. Maelcorgis, abbot of 



man, and is believed to be the person 
mentioned by Ussher as "doctor 
Scotorum [i.e. of the Irish ScotiJ 
peritissimus," Index Chronol., ad an. 
891. His name appears printed as 
" Swifneh," in the Anglo-Sax. Chron. 
and in Flor, Wigorn, at 892, and in 
the Annulet Cambriae at 889. See 
Liinigan's Keel. Hist., vol. 3, p. 330. 
There is at Clonmacnoise a tombstone 
inscribed to Suibhne. See Petrie's 
Round Towers, p. 323 ; and Chron. 
Scotoi'um, ed. Heunessy,p. 172,note 3 . 



6 A woman. Meaning, of course, 
a mermaid. Oanrcat signifies a 
" female form." This entry, which 
is part of the text hi B., was added in 
A. by the hand which made the entry 
in the latter MS. at the year 762, 
regarding the mil ttioyx (or whale ; 
lit " great animal ") 

7 Aidhne. Or Ui-Fiachrach. A 
territory in the south of the county 
of Galway, which comprised the 
present barony of Kiltartau. 



410 



ulcroti. 



T/igefinan mac Sellacain, fiex 



|Ct. lanaifi. CCnno Tjomini T)CCC. ccc. n. (aliaf xc. 
Foi. 466ft. iii)- THocca T>abca pec^nai, epifcopuf ancofiica ec 
fcftiba opcimuf aifiT> YTlaca, in pace quieuic. Cumufc 
acenscigif 1 n-afvo TYlaca, ecin. cenel 11-6050111 7 Ulcu, 
ou irofiCfia'oaft ill. Cac poji T)uballu fie SaxanaiB, 
DO ico)ic|iaT)afi fluai TuaifiTni'De. TnepcbaiT) mop poyi 
^allaiB CCcocliar, conDecaDafi i n-e^piur, in T>ala p.anT) 
01 15 la mac n-1mai|i, mT) jiann n-aile la Sicpp,ir n-1en.ll. 
Conalac mac plannacam, n-i^Domna m-bpej, in pace 



]ct. lanaiji. CCnno 7>omini T>CCC. xc. 111. (aliaf occ. 
tin. ) TTlaelo-Dan, mac pop-bufai^, maen, mumncep.! 
Pat;|iaicc o fleib pa-Deaf, paupauic. Laccna[n] mac 
TTIaelciap,ain, fiex "Cecbai, mo|iicup. "Pejiguf mac 
Hlaelmifrl, equommuf Cluana mic Moif, T>opmiuic. 
TYlac 1mai|i icep,um T)ocum n-Qpem). 

let. lanain,. CCnno -oomini T>CCC. xc. 1111. (aliaf xc. 
u.) "Oublaccnai mac Tnael^ualai, p,ex Caipil, mofiicun,. 
TTlaelpecain, epifcopuf, pn.nicepf t^ifie -oa |laf, mopi- 
Cellac mac plannacain, ^i-oomna bjieg n-uile, o 
mac rolaip^ -oolofe l 
Mi patl mac jug 11151 
PO Cealtac n-gofimamec n-glan ; 
"Ceglac fo cegtac in-o fin, 
Mi fit fo mm mabta gal. 



l Lothra. Lorrha, in a parish of 
the same name, in the barony of Lower 
Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

2 Mockta. Evidently Mochta, 
" lector " of Armagh, who is stated, at 
the year 878 supra, to have been 
taken prisoner, with the Abbot Mael- 
cobha, by Foreigners. Mochta was 
apparently not Bishop of Armagh, as 
his name does not appear in any of 
the ancient lists of the successors (or 



comarbs) of St. Patrick. See Harris's 
Ware, vol. 1 , p. 47. 
3 Ath-cliath.The old name of Dublin. 
*Maelodhar. The Four Matters, 
at the year 889, give the obit of 
Maelodhar son of Forbassach, chief 
judge of Leth-Chuinn (i.e. the 
northern half of Ireland), who must 
have been the person referred to in 
the foregoing entry; but without 
mentioning his office of steward 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



411 



Lothra, 1 died. Tigernan son of Sellachan, King of Breifne, 
died. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 892 (alias 893). Mochta, 2 foster son of [892.] 
Fethgna, bishop, anchorite, and eminent scribe of Ard- 
Macha, rested in peace. A. disturbance at Whitsuntide 
in Ard-Macha, between the Cinel-Eogain and Ulidians, 
where many were slain. A battle gained over Black 
Foreigners by Saxons, in which countless numbers were 
slain. Great confusion among the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, 8 so that they became divided one division of 
them [joining] with the son of Imhar ; the other division 
with Earl Sichfrith. Congalach son of Flannagan, royal- 
heir of Bregh, rested in peace. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 893 (alias 894). Maelodhar 4 son of [893.] 
Forbusach, steward of Patrick's ' family ' from the moun- 
tain 5 southwards, rested. Lachtnan, son of Maelchiarain, 
King of Tethba, died. Fergus son of Maelmithil, house- 
steward of Clonmacnoise, ' fell asleep." The son of Tmar 
[comes] again to Ireland. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 894 (alias 895). Dubhlachtna, son of [894.] 
Maelghuala, King of Cashel, died. Maelpetair, a bishop, 
abbot of Tir-da-ghlas, died. Cellach, son of Flannacan, 
royal-heir of all Bregh, was deceitfully slain by Fogartach 
son of Tolarg. 

"There is no son 8 of a King that rules over lords, 

Like the mighty pure Ceallach ; 

A household like the man's household 

Is not under heaven of brilliant rays." 



4 The mountain. The name of the 
mountain (or flmt)) is unfortunately 
not given. It was probably Sliabh- 
Fuaid (the Fews Mountains, on the 
southern border of the county of 
Armagh). See last note. 

* Son. The original of these lines, 
which is not given in B., is added iu 
the top margin of foL 456 in A. 



(maefv) of the" family " 
or "people," of St. Patrick beyond 
" the mountain " southwards. The 
jurisdiction of this maep. (steward, 
or " serjeant," as it is rendered by the 
old translator of these annals in the 
Clar. 49 MS., Brit Museum) was 
evidently the same as that of the 
Maelpatraic whose " quievit " is 
noticed above at the year 887. 



412 



utcroti. 



Hluipe-oac mac Oococain, le pi Uloc, o CCeT>T>ei7> mac 
Laigne occipup epc. Nix magna 7 apcolt; mop. CCpT> 
maca -DO opcam o gallaib CCo clia -1. o 
copucpac 7>6ic6nbup 7 -peer cec 1 m-bpaic. 



a noeb pccupaic nap cmacc c'epnaiccht 
1n "gmtl cona cuajaib ic bucctcro T>O -Defitaiji. 

.b. [Ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CCC. xc..u. (aliap xc. 

ui.) blamac pjimcepf Cluana mic Noif, TTlopan Oa 
Oui7)epp.incepf bip,o|i, uicam femtem pinejiunr;. Cinae-o 
mac "Plannacain piDomna Ofiej mojaicuifi. 8iqfiiucc 
mac Imaiji ab alii| % NofiDmannif occifUf epc. TTlaet- 
mocetisi, mac In-ofiechcais, lee pi Uta-o, a fociip 
fif occifup efc. Cumupcac rnac rnuifie-oais, pex 
pep- n-ap7>a Ciannacra, o ULcaiB occifup epc. CCp 
n-Oosanachca la Orpaigi- CCp n-^all pa Conailliu 7 
la mac Lai^ne, in qua ceciT)ic CCmlaim .-tl. 1maip. 
fnaelaci-D, canapi Cluana mic Noip 7 ppmcepp 
T)aimmpi, T>O oul mapcpai la "Oelmnai. plannacan 
mac Ceallai, pi bpeag, a Nop'omannip lugulacup epc. 
4 plann mac lonain .h. guaipe -DO gum lap na T)eipe 

niuman. 
Foi. 46a. jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CCC. xc. i. e (aliap acc. 



1 Pity. The original of these lines, 
also not in B,, is written in the lower 
margin of fol. 456 in A., with a sign 
of reference to the proper place in the 
text. 

2 Blamac. The correct orthography 
of this name is Blathmac. See Ann. 
Four Mast,., at A.D. 891, and Chron. 
Scotorum (at 896). O'Couor, in his 
edition of these Annales, wrongly 
prints the name Blainn. 

3 Ua Buide Printed oa Binde, by 
O'Conor. 

4 Cinaedli. MS. B. has Cinaeto, 
which is the genit. form of the name. 

5 Sitriucc. Much confusion has 



been created regarding the genealogy 
of these Norse and Danish families who 
settled in Ireland, by the inaccuracy 
with which the names of the chief 
men are written, not only in the Irish 
Annals, but in other contemporary 
Chronicles. See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhel, &c., p. 271. 

6 By other. ab allp, A. 

7 Half-king of Utidia.TLhe Four 
Mast. (A.D. 891) say that Mael- 
mocherghi was lord of Leath- 
Cathail (Lecale, in the county of 
Down). His name does not appear 
in the Book of Leinsttr list (p. 41) of 
the kings of Ulidia. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



413 



Muiredach son of Eochacan, half-king of the Ulaid. was 
slain by Aided, son of Laigne. Great snow and great 
scarcity. Ard-Macha was plundered by Foreigners from 
Ath-cliath, i.e., by Glun-iarainn, when they carried away 
seven hundred and ten persons into captivity. 

" Pity, 1 Saint Patrick, that thy prayers did not stay 
The Foreignei*s with their axes, when striking thy 
oratory." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 895 (alias 896). Blamac, 8 abbot 
Cluain-mic-Nois, Moran Ua Buide, 1 abbot of Birra, ended 
a long life. Cinaedh, 4 son of Flannacan, Royal-heir of 
Bregh, died. Sitriucc, 5 son of Imhar, was slain by other 
Norsemen. Maelmocherghi, son of Indrechtach, half- 
king of Ulidia, 7 was slain by his associates. Cumuscach, 
son of Muiredach, King of Fera-Arda-Cianachta, 8 was 
slain by the Ulidians. A slaughter of the Eoghanachta 
by the Osraighi. A slaughter of the Foreigners by the 
Conailli, and by the son of Laighne, 9 in which fell 
Amlaim, grandson of Iinhar. Maelachidh, 'tanist' 10 of 
Cluain-mic-Nois, and abbot of Daimhinis, underwent 
martyrdom by the Delbhna. Flannacan, son of Cellach, 
King of Bregh, was slain by Norsemen. Flann, 11 son 
of Lonan Ua Guaire, 12 was slain by/Deisi of Munster. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 896 (alias 897). Cathusach, son of [896.1 



8 Fera-Arda-Cianachta. See note 7 , 
p. 324 supra. 

9 Son of Laighne. This was 
Aidith (or Aideid), King of Ulidia, 
whose death is recorded at the year 
897 infra, but by the Four Master* 
at the year 897 (=901), and in the 
Chron. Scotorum at 898. See the 
entry in the latter Chronicle regarding 
the battle above referred to (at the 
year 89fi), where " Aiteid," son of 
Laighne, is named as one of the 
victors. 

10 'TYjnwf.' This title is represented 
in the Ann, Four Mast, by pecccnabb 



.1. pjiioifv (" Vice -abbot," i.e. Prior), 
at the year 891, where an explanation 
is given as to the cause of the martyr- 
dom of Maelachidh. See the record 
of the event in the Chron. Scotorum, 
at A.D. 896. 

11 Flann. A famous poet In the 
Chron. Scotorum (at A.D. 896) Flann 
is called Pippl (" V^ 1 ") of the 
G aedh il. See O'Reilly's Irish Writers, 
pp. 58-60, and O'Curry's Manners 
and Customs, vol. 2, pp. 98-104. 

12 Ua Guaire, i.e. descendant of 
Guaire (Aidhne), King of Connaught. 
See note 2 , p. 118 suj>ra. 



414 



uUroti. 



un.) Ccrcupac mac pen^upa, canape abb aip-o fflaca, 
pelejiopup niuenip, paupauiT;. CaepomiUT> pia TTlael- 
pinma mac plannacam pop tlleu 7 pop 7>al n-CCpai-oe, 
7)ti i7x>pcpa7>ap ib nn pi 7>al CCpai-oe .1. im YYlmpe-oac 
mac TTlic 6^15, 7 im mac TYlaelmoceipli mic 1n-opech- 
^015, pi left Camil, CCiTvoeiT; mac Laigm uulnepaeup 
euapie. Uarmapan mac Concobaip, pex .h. 12ctil5i, a 
focnf Y'Uif pe|i oolum occipuf eft;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno T>omim T)ccc. xc. un. (aliaf acc. 
U111- ). CCiT)eiT) mac taigm, fiex Utoc, a focnf fuif 
pefi T)otum occifUf efc. Ppop -pota ptuxic 1 n-ai|\T> 
Ciannachca. Coifipjii mac Suibne, aipcmnec Lamne 



xc. 
abbap 



ct, 1anaiyi. CCnno T>omim T>CCC. xc. um 
ix.). TTlevcetl abbaf Imleco 1baip, 

ejileisim) ai|iT> TDaca, 
CCnno 7>omini T>CCC. O XC. ix. (abap -occcc. ) 
TDac 6ci| rnac Le^tabaip,, |iex -oail 
CCjiai-oe, mopicufi. CCf cote man, -pop, ce6|iai6. TTloenac 
mac Coemam, abbap T)oimliacc, mopir,up. "Ccn>-gg mac 
Concobaip, pex ceopa Conn ace, excenpo T>olope pau- 

"Oomnalt mac Caufeanem, p.1 CCLban, 
Jet. lanaip. CCnno T>omini T>CCCC. (atiap DCCCC. 
mac plain T> -pitu TTlaelfecnaitt, 



1 Mac-Etigh. The obit of this per- 
son, whose name appears in the list 
of the Kings of Dal-Araide con- 
tained in the Boole of Leinster (p. 41, 
col. 5), is given in these Annals at 
the year 899, where his son Muire- 
dhach (or Muridach, as the name is 
written) is mentioned as his successor. 
Mac-Etigh, Muiredhach's father, may 
have resigned the government before 
his death. But in the Book of 
Letnster, (loc. cit.), Mac-Etigh is 
stated to have been slain by Mael- 
finnia, in the battle of Rath-cro, which 
was the name of the place where the 



battle above mentioned was fought, 
according to the Ann. Four Mast. 
(A.D. 892). 

2 Son. His name is given as " Ain- 
diarraidh" in the Ann. Four Mast. 
and the Chron. Scotorum, at the 
years 892 and 897 respectively. 

3 Aiddeit or Aideid. See note 9 , on 
the "son of Laighne," under the 
year 895. 

4 Associates. jfoccif, for <poam 
A. 

5 Ard-Cianachta See note 7 , p. 

324 supra. 

6 Lann-kire See note 15 ,p.205 supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



415 



Fergus, tanist-abbot of Ard-Macha, a religious young 
man, rested. A battle-rout by Maelfinnia, son of Flan- 
nacan, over the Ulidians and the Dal-Araidhe, where a 
great many were slain, including the King of Dal-Araidhe, 
viz., Muiredhach son of Mac-Etigh, 1 and including the 
son 2 of Maelmocheirgho, son of Indrechtach, King of 
Leth-Cathail. Aiddeit 1 son of Laiglme, escaped wounded. 
Uathmaran son of Conchobar, King of Ui-Failgi, was 
treacherously slain by his associates. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 897 (alias 898). Aideid 8 son of l"897.] 
Laighne, King of Ulidia, was treacherously slain by his 
associates. 4 A shower of blood was shed in Ard-Cian- 
achta. 5 Coirpre, son of Suibhne, ' airchinnech ' of Lann- 
leire, 6 ' fell asleep.' 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 898 (alias 899). Mescell, abbot of [898.J 
Imlech-Ibhair; 7 Artagan, abbot of Corcach, and Bresal, 
lector of Ard-Macha, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 890 (alias 900). A rainy year. Mac- [899.] 
Etigh, 8 son of Lethlabhar, King of Dal-Araidhe, died. 
Great scarcity 9 [of food] for cattle. Maenach, son of 
Caeman, abbot of Daimliacc, died. Tadhg, 10 son of 
Conchobar, King of the three divisions of Connaught, 
rested after long suffering. Domnall," son of Custantine, 
King of Alba, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 900 (alias 901). Maelruanaidh, son of [900.] 
Flann, son of Maelsechnaill, royal-heir of Ireland, was 



7 Imlech-Ibhair. See above at the 
year 887 ; p. 406, n. 5 . 

8 Mac-Etigh. See note *. 

9 Great scarcity. The so-called 
translator of these Annals whose 
version is contained in the MS. 
Clarend. 49, Brit. Museum, renders 
this entry by great fleaing of Chattle. 

10 Tadhg. His name appears also 
in the Ann. Four Mast. (895), and 
the Chron. Scotorum (900), as King 
of the three Counaughts (or three 



divisions of Connaught) ; but it is 
not found in the list of the Kings of 
Connaught in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 41). Hence it may be assumed 
that the " three divisions of Con- 
naught "(ceofid Connacc, or "three 
Connaughts,'* as it is called in old 
authorities), did not comprise the 
entire province. See O' Flaherty's 
Ogygia, pp. 175, 269. 

11 Domnall. Regarding this Dom- 
nall (or Donald, as the Scotch histo- 



416 



CCNNOtCC U?,CCT)tl. 



f o1 ' 45 ^N 

(reete 46) 



pomna n-eperiT), o ui^niB occipup e^c .1. o maccaiB 
Cepnacam pin 'Caiftcc 7 o mac Lopcani mic Cacail, 
tibi mulci nobilep ceciT>ep.tmc .1. YYlaelcpon mac 
"Oomnaill, pecc senepip loegaipe, ec ppincepp Hoip ec .1. 
TDubcuilinT), ec aln mulci. "ppi T>ai5iT> p.o h-opca uite. 
"Cipnaid mac Nuauac, amcinnec Coifocfme ec almnum 

1 ^ , 

.1. Lamne Gla 7 larpaig Oitium. Coemclo-o 
.1. Cop,mac mac Ctnlermain T:ap,eifi Cinn- 
.1. pinn?;tnne. 

OCnno T>ommi T>CCCC. i. (abaf T>CCCC. n.). 
fiex Caifil a fociif puif occipup efc peji 
T>oLum. In-oafiba n-^ennci a h6p,e .1. longpoiiT: CCca 
cbac, o TTlaelpin'Dia mac plairoacam co pejriaiB bjfieg, 7 
o Cep.batl mac TTlup,icain co Lainil5, co payicabfac 
ofiechc map. 7)1 a longait), conep-lafac lecmapba iap na 
11-511111 7 a m-b|iifiu. "Pogap-uxc mac ptainr), ppmcepp 
lacpaig bpmin, mopcuuf efc. 

]ct. lanaip CCnno -oomim "occcc. 11. (abap T>CCCC. 
111.). Camcompuc epifcopup ec pfiincepp LugmaiD, 
TTIaelciapain abbap 'Cipe t>a glaf ec Cluana 61-01115, 
Ceattac mac Soepsufa, ancopica ec epifcopup aip-o 
fDacae, m pace T>ofimiefitmc. TTlaelpmnia mac plan - 
nacam, p.ex bp.es, pebsiofUf laicup, mopcuup 



rians prefer to write his name), see 
Skene's Chron. Picts and Scots, Pref . , 
p. cxxxviii., and his Celtic Scotland, 
vol. 1, p. 335, and 338-9. 

1 Luighni. A tribe which gave 
name to a territory which is now re- 
presented by the barony of Lune, in 
the count}' of Meath. 

2 Soil of Lorcan. The name of 
Lorcan's son is not given in any of 
the authorities consulted by the 
Editor. The blinding of Lorcan, by 
Aedh [Finnliath], King of Tara (i.e. 



King of Ireland), is mentioned above 
at the year 863. 

3 Nobles. nobilef. Omitted in B. 

*Ros-ech Now Russagh, in a 

parish of the same name, barony of 
Moygoish, and county of Westmeath. 
See Todd's/nsA Nennius, p. 201, note 
n. 

5 Condaire. Connor, in the county 
of Antrim, the ancient site of a 
bishopric now united with that of 
Down, both of which form the united 
Diocese of Down and Connor. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



417 



slain by the Luighni, 1 viz., by the sons of Cernachan son 
of Tadhg, and by the son of Lorcan, 8 son of Cathal, when 
a great many nobles 8 fell, viz., Maelcron son of Domnall, 
King of Cinel-Laeghaire, and the abbot of Ros-ech, 4 i.e., 
Dubhcuilind, and several others. By fire they were all 
destroyed. Tipraiti son of Nuadu, ' herenagh ' of Con- 
daire, 5 and of other establishments, viz., of Lanr.-Ela 6 and 
Lathrach-Briuin 7 , [died]. A change of kings at Caisel, 
viz., Cormac MacCuilennain in the place of Cenngegain, 8 
i.e. Finnguine. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 901 (alias 902). Finnguine, King of [901.] 
Caisel, was treacherously slain by his associates. Expul- 
sion of Gentiles from Ireland, i.e. [from] the fortress of 
Ath-cliath, by Maelfindia, son of Flannacan, with the 
men of Bregh, and by Cerbhall, son of Murican, with the 
Leinstermen ; when they left a great number of their 
ships, and escaped half-dead, after having been wounded 
and broken. Fogartach son of Flann, abbot of Lathrach- 
Briuin, 7 died. 

KaL Jan. A.D. 902 (alias 903). Caincomrac, bishop [902.] 
and abbot of Lughmadh ; 9 Maelciarain, abbot of Tir-da- 
glas and Cluain-eidneoh ; 10 Ceallach son of Soergus, an 
anchorite, and bishop" of Ard-Maoha, ' fell asleep ' in 
peace. Maelfinnia, son of Flannacan, King of Bregh, a 
religious layman, died. 



6 Lann-Ela. Lynally,in the barony 
of Ballycowan, King's Count}'. 

7 Lathrach-Briuin, Now Laragh- 
bryan, in the barony of North Salt, 
co. Kildare. 

8 Cenngegain. This was a nick- 
name for Finnguine. See Stokes's 
observations on the subject, in his 
edition of Col-mac's Glossary^ p. 
145. 

9 Lughwidh. L.outh, in the parish, 



barony, and county of the same 
name. 

10 Cluain-eldnech. The " Ivy lawn 
(or meadow)." Now Clonenagh, in 
the barony of Maryborough West, 
Queen's County. 

11 Bishop The name of Ceallach, 
son of Soergus, does not appear in any 
of the old lists of the abbots or bishops 
of Armagh. See Harris's I rare, vol. 1, 
p. 47. 

2s 



418 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



TYlac *0ep,bait oc baij; ap, 
bpife-o cec -0110115 n-Totbac ; 
ITIaet pat pmnicc poftolt ebp,ac 
h-6x> p,uat> p,050p, 

bcothitmn p,i p,eim cen 
CCffochti of Grnna oenuch, 
Pep, at>ipeiT)iTTi cen boegut, 
bet pu 6ipmn a oenup. 

TYlaelprmia pep, cen h-utta, 

Coinroiu bfteg b^eo T>aft 

*0elb-oai |\1 fiojac yiatgoiim, 

plaic coftac caclonn Cftinna. 
Cennecig mac ^aiim fiex Laicife, 
maelrmnfie tiecc 'Ciifibi, moiicm func. 
o maeUni^is mac "Plannacam 7 o Oenguf nepore 
TYlaelfecnailt,pefi confibum plain n piln TTlaelfecnaill. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domnn -occcc. in. (aliaf -occcc. 
1111.) 1ofe|5 abbaf Cluana mic "Kloif m pace qtneuit;. 
'Sap-u^a-D Cenannfa la plann mac 1Tlaelfecnaill, -poia 
"Donncha-o .1. a mac Kxroepin, 7 aln mulci -Decollaui 
func cipca onxTCOfmim. T)ungal epifcopup ppmcepp 
^Imne T>a loco, uicam femlem m Chpifco -pimuiT:. 
1map ua h1mai|i T>O mapba-o la pp,u Popcpenn, 7 dp, 
map n-imbi. plan n mac Con ai II, abb imleca IBaip. 
Foi. 466a. ]ct. lanaip. CCnno Tomim -occcc. 1111. (aliap TCCCC. 
u.). TTlaelciapam mac poipz:cipn, eppcop tainne leipe, 



CCm)ia|ii'D mac 
Occifio 



.b. 



1 Son. The original of these stan - 
zas, which are not in B., is added in 
the lower margin of fol. 46 in A., 
with a mark of reference to the place 
where they should be introduced into 
the text 

2 The word in the original, here left 
untranslated, is tvootbac. The metre 
of the line is faulty, some word 
having been apparently omitted before 
n-t>oU>ac. 

3 Crlnna. This was the name of a 



place in Meath, where a great battle 
was fought in the third century, in 
which Cormac Mac Airt was victorious. 
See Ann. Four Mast., at A.D. 226. 

4 Turbhi The name of this district 
is now represented by that of Turvey, 
near Donabate, in the north of the 
co. Dublin. 

s Treoit. Now Trevet, in the 
barony of Skreen, co. Meath. 

6 Flann. Flann Sinna, King of 
Ireland at the time. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



419 






The son of Derbhail, battling over Bregh-magh, 

Would scatter every 8 band ; 

Maelfinnia the generous, great and fierce, 
Most illustrious, most valiant hero. 

Hg wag a king whose career was without danger ; 
Chief over the ' fair ' of Emain : 
A man, I assert, without fear, 
Who was alone worthy of Ireland. 

Maelfinnia, a man without haughtiness, 
Lord of Bregh ; a torch over fortresses ; 
A well-shaped king, select, noble, 
The famed prince of the battalions of Crinna. 3 

Cennetigh, son of Gaithin, King of Laighis, [and] Annia- 
raidh, son of Maelmuire, King of Turbhi, 4 died. Destruc- 
tion of Treoit 5 by Maelmithidh, son of Flannacan, and 
by Oengus, the grandson of Maelsechnaill, by the 
advice of Flann, son of MaelsechnailL 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 903 (alias 904). Joseph, abbot of [903.] BIS. 
Cluain-mic-Nois, rested in peace. Profanation of Cenan- 
nas 7 by Flann, 6 son of Maelsechnaill, against Donnchad, 
i,e. his own son ; and a great many people were beheaded 
around the oratoiy. Dungal, a bishop, abbot of Glenn- 
da-locha, ended an old age in Christ. 8 Imhar, 9 grandson of 
Imhar, was slain by the men of Fortrenn, 10 and a great 
slaughter about him. Flann son of Conall, abbot of 
Imlech-Ibhair," [died]. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 904 (alias 905). Maelciarain son of [904. J 
Fortchern, bishop of Lann-leire, 12 rested in peace. A 



7 Cenannas. This was the old Irish 
name of Kells, co. Heath. 

8 In Christ. The Latin equivalent 
is not in B. 

9 Imhar. Or Ivar, as the name was 
otherwise written. Regarding this 
person, see Todd's War of the Gaedhil, 
&c., pp. 278-9. 



10 Fortrenn. See note*, p. 118 
suj>ra. 

11 Imkch-lbhair. Now Emly, in the 
barony of Clanwilliam, and county of 
Tipperary. 

12 Lann-kirt See note 15 , p. 205 
supra, 

2E2 



420 



uloroti. 



.b. 




111 pace quieuir. Slo^a-D la plann mac tYlaelipecnaill 
cu Opn.ai|i. Laccnan abbap Pepna mopxuuv efc 
Imnaifi car a emp. T>a mac CCeT>a .1. "Com n all 7 "Mi alt, 
co p.0 caipmeifceT) sn.ia impi-oe ceiniul n-Gogam. 

|ct. lanaip.. CCnno -Domini T>CCCC. u. (abap DCCCC." 
ui.). plan 11 mac "Domnaill, fiigDomna 111 
monruup eft;. Gicnecan mac "Oalaig, |iex 
Conaill, mofir;uuf efc. Slo^a-D la plann mac TTlael- 
feclainn co pifiu TTluman, co fi'mnfie-D leif o 
co iLuimnec. Ciajimac |ii .tl. 
abb benncaip, mop,i:uuf efc. 

jet. lanaifi. CCnno T>omini T>CCCC. ui. (abap T>CCCC. 
un.). Colman fCjiiba, epipcopuip "Doimbacc 7Lufca, m 
pace quietuc. "Pefigill, epifcopuf pinnT>ub|iac abea, 7 
pjimcepp 1nT)eiT>nem, uiuam femlem m C1i|Hfr;o 
mo|iT:aliuaT:if. "Dubfinna mac Gilge, |ii 
opcuuf [epc]. 

let. lanaip.. CCnno T)ommi TCCCC. un. (abafocccc. 
11111.). Sloj;aD la cenel n-Oogam -1. la 'Oomnall mac 
CCeTo 7 la "Mi all mac CCeiio, co 
1Tlaelman.t;ain pyimcepp Lugmai'D 
CCilbe, hi peil "Dasam [Inbip.] "oaile .1. m IT> 
1 TTIai|ic 7 1 qfiep Tec). bellum ei:ip pyiu TDuman 7 
lei Cumn 7 Lainiu, in quo occiftip epc Cop.mac mac 
Ctnleannam n.i Caipl, cum alnp ^esibuf pp.eclap.if. 
hi funt:, "Po^apcac mac Suibne pi Ciapaifie, Ceallac mac 



leo 



(1 



1 Flann King of Ireland. 

2 Aedh ; i.e. Aedh Finnlaith, King 
of Tara (or of Ireland), whose obit is 
given above at the year 878. 

3 Gabhran. Gowran,inthf present 
county of Kilkenny. 

4 Luimnecli. Limerick. 

5 Ciarmac. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (A.D. 901), corresponding to 
foregoing entry, the name is written 
Ciarmhacan, who is stated to have 
been Lord of Ui-Conaill-Gabhra, a 



territor}' now represented by the 
baronies of Lower and Upper Con- 
nello, in the county of Limerick. 

6 Ui-Fidhyenti.See note 6 , p. 150, 
and note 13 , p. 333, supra. 

7 Magh-ltha ; i.e., the "plain of 
Ith." The old name " of a district 
now represented by the southern half 
of the barony of Raphoe," in the co. 
Donegal. Reeves' Colton's Visitation, 
p. 69, note a. 

8 Domnall-NiaU. The two brother.') 






ANKALS OF ULSTER. 



421 



hosting by Flann 1 son of Maelsechnaill, to Osraighe. 
Lachtnan, abbot of Ferna, died. A challenge of battle 
between two sons of Acdh, 8 viz., Domnall and Niall; 
but it was prevented through the intercession of the 
Cinel-Eoghain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 905 (alias 90G). Flann son of Domnall, C 005 -] 
royal-heir of the North, died. Eicnechan son of Dakch, 
King of the Cinel-Conaill, died. A hosting by Flann, 1 
son of Maelsechlainn, to the men of Munster, when [the 
country] from Gabhran 8 to Luimnech 4 was devastated 
by him. Ciarmac, 5 King of the Ui-Fidhgenti, [died]. 
Indrechtach, abbot of Bennchair, died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 906 (alias 907). Colman, a scribe, [900.] 
bishop of Doimliacc and Lusca, rested in peace. Fergil, 
bishop of Finnabhair-abha, and abbot of Indeidnen, ended 
an old age in Christ. A year of mortality. Dubhsinna 
son of Eilge, King of Magh-Itha, 7 died. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 907 (alias 908). A hosting by the [907.] m 
Cinel-Eoghain, i.e., by Domnall 8 son of Aedh, and by 
Niall 8 son of Aedh, when Tlachtgha 9 was burned by 
them. Maelmartain, abbot of Lughmadh, rested (in 
Magh-Ailbhe, on the festival of Dagan of [InbherJ-Daile, 10 
i.e., the Ides of September, on a Tuesday, the 13th). A 
battle between the men of Munster and the Leth-Chuinn 11 
and Leinsterinen, in which Cormac Mac Cuileimain, 
King of Caisel, was slain, together with other famous 
Kings, viz., Fogartach son of Suibne, King of Ciarraidhe ; 12 



mentioned above at the year 904, as 
about to engage in battle with each 
other. 

9 Tlachtgha. This was the old 
name of the hill now known as the 
" Hill of Ward," near the town of 
Athboy, co. Meath. 

10 7. bher-Daile. This is now repre- 
sented by Ennereilly, in a parish of 
the same name, barony of Arklow, and 
county of Wicklow. This clause, which 



is not in B., is added in the margin in 
A. 

11 Leth-Chuinn. "Conn's Half," 
i.e. the Northern half of Ireland. 

12 Ciarraidhe. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (903), and the Chron. Scotorum 
(907), Fogartach is described as King 
of " Ciarraidhe-Cuirche," a territory 
now represented by the barony of 
Kerricurrihy, co. Cork. 



422 



CCNNCClCC UlCCDtl. 



Foi. 



T)aipe 
pfiincepf 



ix.). 



pex 
T>ait 



Cepbaitl pi Oppaigi, CCibll mac euain ppmcepp cpnnn 
Copcaisi, Cotman ppmcepp Cinn 61:15, 7 cecepi. plann 
/'mac TTlaelpecTainT) pi 'Gempac, Cepbatl mac YYluipecan 
pi Lai^en, Caal mac Concobaip pi Connacr;, uicsopep 
pueptmi;. Ca belai| TTlusna. TMapmanc ppmcepp 
l^aif; m pace quietus. Copmac ancopica 
"Dfioma moip, mofiicttfi. TTIaelogiiai mac 
, |ii Loca ^abop, pep T>otum occifup epc o 
mac 'Colaip^. 

. lanaip. (Xnno -Domnn 7>cccc. uin. (abap T>CCCC. 
Cepball mac Uluipecan, pex oprimup Lasinen- 
, T)olope mopruup epc. TTIuspon mac SocLacam 
nepomm TTlaine. Dec nepop Leclabaip pex 
CCpai-oe, "Depuncuup epc- bouina mop^aticap. 
mac ConsataicpiDomTiaOpes, 7 1rToeip|;i mac 
, tDaetceimm pebpopup laicup, T>ecoltar;i punt: o Con- 
aillit5 TDupueimm. Cumupcac mac (XileLlo, equornmup 
aipDT TTIaca, qmeuiT:. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnnoT)omim T)cccc. ix. (aliapT)cccc.x.). 
Carpomit) pe "Plann mac ITIaelpecnaitl cum puip pilnp 
pop pipu bpeipne, ubi ceciT)!!: plann mac T^igepnain, 7 
abi nobitep mulci mi:eppecT:i punc, CCe-5 mac ITIael- 
pacpaicc, pi .1). pacpac, oWmllmac CCe^o mueppecmp 
epc. 

CCnno T>omini T)cccc. x. (abap T>CCCC. 
mac Cell pex nepouum pibopum Cuaip 
mac pinpn, ppmcepp / Cpeoic,pemlem 
incam pimuic. T)i gpein T>O pic immalle m una T)ie 



]ct. lanaip. 

xi.). 



1 Cenn-Etigh. Now Kinnitty, in 
the parish of the same name, barony 
of Ballybritt, King's County. 

2 Flann. This entry, which forms 
part of the text in B. is added in the 
margin in A. 

3 Belagh-Muglma. The Road (or 
Pass) of Mughna. It is well known 
as Ballaghmoone, in the south of the 



county of Kildare. A curious account 
of this battle has been published in 
Frar/m. of Irish Annals, pp. 201-225. 
See also O'Dono van's P.M., at A.D.903, 
under which year the battle is there 
entered; the correct date being 908. 

4 Of the Leinstermen. Laginen- 
cititn, corrected to lagmenpium, A. 
B. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



423 



Ceallach son of Cerbhall, King of the Osraighi; Ailill 
son of Eogan, abbot of Trian-Corcaighe ; Colman, abbot 
of Cenn-Etigh, 1 and others. Flann 2 son of Maelsechlainn, 
King of Temhair; Cerbhall son of Muirecan, King of 
Leinster, [and] Cathal son of Conchobar, King of Con- 
naught, were victors. The battle of Belagh-Mughna. 8 
Diarmait, abbot of Daire-Calgaigh, rested in peace. 
Cormac, an anchorite, abbot of Druim-mor, died. 
Maeloghra son of Conghalach, King of Loch-gabhor, was 
treacherously slain by Fogartach son of Tolarg. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 908 (alias 909). Cerbhall son of LOOS.] 
Muirecan, a most excellent King of the Leinsterraen, 4 
died of anguish. Mughron son of Sochlachan, King 
of Ui-Maine, [died]. Bee, grandson of Lethlabhar, 
King of Dal-Araidhe, died. A mortality of cattle. 
Amalgaidh son of Congalach, royal-heir of Bregh, and 
Jndeirghi son of Maelteimin, a religious' layman, were 
beheaded by the Conailli-Muirteimni Cumuscach son 
of Ailill, house-steward 6 of Ard-Macha, rested. 7 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 909 (alias 910). A battle-rout by [909.] 
Flann 8 son of Maelsechnaill, with his sons, over the men 
of Breifni, in which Flann 9 son of Tigernan fell, and a 
great many other eminent persons were slain. Aedh 
son of Maelpatraic, King of Ui-Fiachrach, was slain by 
Niall son of Aedh. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 910 (alias 911). Fogartach son of [910.] 
Cele, King of Ui-mac-Cuais, 10 died. Eithigen son of 
Fingin, abbot of Treoit, ended an aged life. Two suns 
ran together on the same day, viz., the day before the 



Reliyiout. 



A. 



B. 

6 House- steward. equommup (for 
oeconomuf), A. B. 

7 Rested. cjuieuic, A. mop, (for 
mofucuf , or Tnoficuuf epc), B. 

8 Flann. ptonn, A, Flann was 
King of Ireland at the time. 



9 Flann. The Four Mast, (at A.D. 
905), call him Lord of Breifne. 

10 Ui-mac-Cuais. Otherwise, and 
correctly, written Ui-mac-Uais. The 
name of this branch of the Airghialla 
is preserved, but in an altered form, 
in that of the barony of Hoygoish, 
co. Westmeath. 



424 



CCNNCClCC tllCCOtl. 



,b. 



.1. 1 ppiT> nonap TTlai. T)omnatl mac CCe-oa T>O 
bachta. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domim T>CCCC. aci. (abap -occcc. 
ecu. ). plann mac TYlecUnge, ppmcepp Copcaii, T>op- 
muiiT:. TTIaelb 1115^6 mac TTIaelT)omnai5, ppmcepp Lip 
moip, m Chpipco quietus. Cepnacan mac "Duil^em, 
|H5T)omna na n-dificeyi, occiymp efc m tacu ctiUT>eli o 
Nialtmac CCef>o. TTluiyieTac mac Cofimaic pyimcepf 
TDpoma mafclamn, -j fu-oomna Conailb .1. 'gaiyibi-c mac 
TTlailmojToa, T>O opcam pjai Tai5if> 1 ppai 1111^15 "Dpoma 

mapctainn : 

TDuiiftet)ac, 

Cet> nach caini'D a coetnu, 
1f 'oonma vo t>tiTiebaf> ; 
1f nelt co mme noerfiu, 



tlTlofi diefbaif) me 
TTIac Cofimaic milib 
CC[n] min 
Oa camnet ceca 



Soclacan mac "Diapmaca, pex nepocum TDame, m 
clep.icaru pinitnc. Cleipcen mac TTlupchaDa, pi .1l. 
m-bpiuin peola, tT'ltnpe-Dac mac IDu^pom DUX ctainm 
Carail, mopiuncup. 'Caip iti T>O lofcai* ippaic aip7>7> 
ITlaca pep mcupiam. pluuialip aucfiie cenebpopup 
an n up. Comecep appapuir;. 

Jet. lanaip. CCnno -Domini -occcc. ocn. (abap T>CCCC 

4t5aa. xin.). repaid mac TTlaelpm-D ppincepp imteco 1baip, 

TTIaelmuipe inj;en dnae-oa mic OCilpm, Srulb pi 8axan 



1 ' In lacu crudeli.\ This must 
surely be corrupt. In the Ann. Four 
Mast. (907), and the Chron. Scotorum 
(911), the lake in which Ccrnachan 
is stated to have been drowned is 
called Loch-Cirr, to the west of Ar- 
magh. Possibly " crudeli " may be 
by mistake for " crudeliter." 

3 Druim-Inasclainn. Dromiskin, 



in the barony and county of Louth. 
The second member of the name (/- 
asdainn) is not in A., and is repre- 
sented in B. by f. 

3 By fire. pyu -oaigi, A. 

4 Muiredhack. The original of 
these stanzas, which is not in B., is 
added in the lower margin of fol. 466 
in A., with a sign of reference to the 






ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



425 






Nones of May. Domnall, son of Aedh, assumed the pil- 
grim's staff. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 911 (alias 912). Flann son of Mac- 
luighe, abbot of Cork, ' fell asleep.' Maelbrigte son of 
Maeldomnaigh, abbot of Lis-mor, rested in Christ. Cer- 
nachan son of Duilgen, royal-heir of the Airthera, was 
put to death ' in lacu crudeli,' 1 by Niall, son of Aedh. 
Muiredhach son of Cormac, abbot of Druim-Inasclainn, 8 
and the royal-heir of the Conailli, i.e. Gairbith son of 
Maelmorda, were killed by fire 8 in the refectory of Druim- 

Inasclainn. 

Muiredhach, 4 

Who lamonto him uaVyo learC&d ! 

It is a cause for plague. 

It is a cloud to holy heaven. 



[nil.] 









Great loss is theittuHtrians man, 
Son of Cormac, of a thousand graces 
The great, mummying gem, 
Who was the lamp of every choir. 

Sochlachan, son of Diarmait, King of Ui-Maine, died in 
the religious state. Cleirchen, son of Murchad, King of 
Ui-Briuin-Seola, 5 [and] Muiredach, son of Mughron, 
chieftain of Clann-Cathail, died. Many houses were 
burned in the ' Rath ' of Ard-Macha, through carelessness. 
A rainy and dark year. A comet 6 appeared. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 912 (alias 913). Tipraite son of Mael- 
find, abbot of Imlech-Ibhair, Maelmuire daughter of 
Cinaedh 7 Mac Alpin, Etulb 8 King of the North Saxons, 



place where they might be introduced 
into the text. 

8 Ui-Briuin-Seola. A powerful 
tribe, descended from Brian, the son 
of Eochaidh Muighmedhoin, King of 
Ireland in the 4th Cent., whose terri- 
tory was nearly co-extensive with the 
present barony of Clare, co. Galway. 
See Hardiman's edition of O'Flaherty's 
far Connauyhl p. 3G3. 



6 Comet. Comecip, A. Omitted 
inB. 

1 Cinaedh. Or Kenneth, as the 
name is usually written by Scotch 
historians. 

8 Etulb. ^Ethelwald, King of Nor- 
thumbria, whose death (in battle) is 
recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chron- 
icle at the year 905. See Lappen- 
berg's Hist, of England, pp. 85-6. 



[012.] 



426 



cembalo: ulcroti. 











mopiuntup. Congalac mac ^aipbiT), pi 
Conaille, a puip lu^ulanup epc ipin nomai> mip lap 
n-opcain in 1x1151 abac 1 n-*0puim inapclaiiro pop mac 
TYlaelmopTia 7 pop YYluipe-oac mac Copmaic ppincepp 
"Dpoma. Ctntennan mac TTlaelbpigce m pine eiup-oem 
anm mopicup. Capoinnn> pia n-T)onnchaT> Oa TTlael- 
pecncnll, 7 |ie 1T)aelmii'D mac plannacam, pop pogap- 
cac mac 'Cotaipj; pi Teipci|ic bpe|, 7 pop topcan mac 
"DormcTia-oa, 7 pop tai^mu, co papgabpac ib inp bap 
7 ep^abail. CarpomeT) pe n-'genciB pop paipmn npy 
T>e ULcaiB 1 n-aipiup axan, T>U icopcpa-oap 
im Cumupcac mac TTlaelmocopsi mac pi lei^i 
e-D la 11 1 all mac n-CCe-oo co Connacca, 7 
capoirnuT> piam pop ocu cuaipcipc Connacc .1. pop Ou 
7 pop pipu hllmaill, co pap^abpaopochai-oe 
bap 7 epsabail, im TTlaelcluice mac Concobaip. 
pluuiabp accfue cenebpopup aim up. TTlaelbpi^e mac 
'Gopnam -on cec^ imTTlumain TO puaplucax> aili^ip T>O 



(abap T>CCCC. 
Ciannacca 



|ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T>CCCC. 
xiin.). In-ope-o T)eipcipc bpe 7 
o plaunn mac TTlaelpecnaill. Cealla ib T)0 
leip. TTlaelbpis^e mac^iblecam, pi Conaille, T)O 
o htlib Ococh quapro menpe pegm pui. Slo^aT) la 
Miall mac n-CCeT>o rn-Dail n-CCpaiT)e 1unio menpe, 



1 Son His name is given as '^Gair- 

bith" in the entry regarding the 
outrage here referred to, under the 
year 911. 

2 Grandson. Donnchad was the 
son of Flann Sinna. King of Ireland 
at this time, -who was the son of 
Maelsechlainn, also King of Ireland 
(Malachy I.) 

3 Saxon-land ; i.e. England. 

4 Including, .1. in A. and B., ob- 
viously by mistake for im, as in the 
Ann. Four Mast. (908=913). 



5 Leth- Cathail. Now represented 
by the barony of Lecale, co. Down. 

6 Ui-Amalgaidh. " Descendants of 
Amalgadh." Apowerful tribe, whose 
name is now represented in that of 
the barony of Tirawley [rjift CCrha^- 
5aiT>], co. Mayo. 

7 Umhall. A district comprising 
the present baronies of Murrisk and 
Burrishoole, in the county of Mayo. 

8 Maelbrigte He was bishop (or 
abbot) of Armagh. His obit is entered 
at the year 926 infra, where he is 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



427 



died. Congalach son of Gairbhidh, King of the Conailli, 
was slain by his own people, in the ninth month after 
destroying the abbot's house in Druim-Inasclainn, against 
the son 1 of Maelmordha, and against Muiredhach son of 
Cormac, abbot of Druim. Cuilennan, son of Maelbrigte, 
died at the end of the same year. A battle was gained 
by Donnchad, grandson 8 of Maelsechnaill, and Mael- 
mithidh son of Flannacan, over Fogartach son of Tolarg, 
King of the South of Bregh, and over Lorcan son of 
Donnchad, and over the Leinstermen, who lost a great 
number, between those killed, and prisoners. A battle 
was gained by Gentiles over the crews of a new 
fleet of the Ulidians on the coast of Saxon-land, 8 where 
a great many were slain, including 4 Cumuscach son of 
Maelmocherghi; son of the King of Leth-Cathail. 5 A 
hosting by Niall, son of Aedh, to Connaught ; and he 
gained a battle over the warriors of the North of Con- 
naught, viz., over the Ui-Amalgaidh, 6 and the men of 
Umhall, 7 who lost great numbers between slain and 
prisoners, including Maelcluiche, son of Conchobar. A 
rainy and dark year. Maelbrigte, 8 son of Tornan, went 
into Munster, to ransom a pilgrim of the Britons. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 913 (alias 914). Devastation of the 
South of Bregh, and of the South of Cianachta, 9 by Flann 
son of Maelsechnaill. Several churches were violated 
by him. Maelbrigte son of Giblechan, King of Conailli, 
was killed by the Ui-Echach, in the fourth month of 
his reign. A hosting by Niall, 10 son of Aedh, into Dal- 



[913.] 






described as " comarb " (or successor) 
of Patrick and Colum Cille. But in 
the list of the comarls of St. Patrick 
in the Book of Leimter (p. 42), 
Maelbrigte is said to have been also 
a successor (comarV) of St. Bridget. 
See Harris's Ware, vol. 1, pp. 46-7. 
9 Cianaclita; i.e. the Cianachta- 



Bregh, a district comprising the east 
of the present county of Month. 

10 Niall This was Niall ' Glun- 
dubh' (Niall black-knee), afterwards 
King of Ireland, who wasKilled in a 
battle with the Danish invaders, 
fought at Kilmashogue, in the co. 
Dublin, in the year 919 (918 of these 



428 



CCNNCClCC 



.tl.Leclab'aip, pi T>al CCpaiT)e -01 a rxxipecc oc 
"Ppegabul, 7 iTiaiT)m paip co pap^af) a bpa&xip ap a 
Uipss .1. ptapuae .Tl. Leclabaifi. CCeT> mac Oococam pi 
m coiciT>, 7 lonispech pi Tal CCpai-oe, T>i;ct t;aipechc oc 
capn Gperm, 7 maiT>m popait). Ceppan mac Colman 
ropec cenet TYlaelce, 7 mac CCtlacain mic Laiececam 
7 alaile, T)ti pacbail ap a lupss- CCeT, imoppo, cum 
paticifpimip expu^a peuepcenp 7 aceppime mquc pu^am 
pepipcenp, quopiam ex rmlicibup Meill ppop^pauic. 
TJub^altpiliup emp mitnepacup euapii;. bellum nauale 
oc YTlanaimi eop bapi-o mac n-Oiap 7 Ha^natl.h. 
1maip, ubi bape[T>] pene cum omm exepcicu puo T>ete- 
cup epc. "Mocoblac map-oi 5 6T1C1 ^ c ^c tacaec. Sw 
ecip "Nialt mac n-Oe-oo pi n-CCiti 7 CCe-5 pig m COICIT>, 
Foi. 46a6. oc 'Cealaig occ, 1 jet. "Mouembip. Sto^a-o iriD poctai 
ta "Niall mac n-CCe-oo hi TDiTie hi mip T)ecimbip. 
8cppaip oc 5peUai eilli:i ppi Cpopa coil aniap. Lui-o 
plo h-ua-o apm T>unaf T>U pa|aiD apba 7 conT>aiT>. 
y: "pupnappaiD Oen^up .h. TTlaelpeclamn, cona bpaicpilj 
olcena, 7 co pto pep TniT>e, co pap^abpac coicep ap 
cerpacaic leo im Comnecan mac TTluipcepT:aic, 7 im 
pepgat mac Oenfaipfa, 7 im llacmapan mac n-OCilib, 7 
im Opu-oan mac ^aippiT> t;oi)^ech .tl. mbpepail TTIaca, 7 
im nflaetpuanai'D mac Cumupcaic coipec pilT)uiBipe, 
7 im TTIaelmbpi5ci mac n-CCeTacain, 7 im mac n-6pu- 
mani mic CCetio, 7 im Piacpai| mac Cellacain, 7 im 



Annals). See Todd's War of the 
Gaedhil, &c., Introd. pp. xc., xci. 

1 Fregdbal. A river in the county 
Antrim, the name of which is now 
corrupted to the " Ravel Water." 
See Reeves' Down and Connor, pp. 
334-5. 

2 Province ; i.e. the Province of 
Ulidia, often called the Province in 
these Annals , thcugh it merely re- 



presented the greater portion of the 
present county of Down. 

3 Carn-Erenn. Now Carnearny (ac- 
cording to Dean Reeves), in the parish 
of Connor, and countj r of Antrim. 
Down and Connor, p. 341 , note. 

4 Manann The Isle of Man. 

5 Loch-dacaech. The old Irish 
name of Waterf ord Harbour. 

6 Province. 1n COICTO (lit. "the 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



429 



Araidhe, in the month of June. Loingsech Ua Lethlabhair, 



King of Dal- Araidhe, jaek them at Fregabal, 1 when he 
was defeated, and lost his brother aut of hio ftrmy, i.e., 
Flathrua Ua Lethlabhair. Aedh son of Eochacan, King 
of the Province, 2 and Loingsech, King of Dal- Araidhe, mat 
them at Carn-Erenn, 8 but were routed. Cerransonof Colman, 
chief of Cinel-Maelche, and the son of Allacan son of Laich- 
techan, and others of their army, were lost. Aedh, however, 
returning from the flight with a very few, and fiercely 
resisting durin^ the flight, slew some of Niall's soldiers. 

O O O * 

Dubhgall, his son, escaped wounded. A naval battle 
at Man aim, 4 between Barid, son of Ottir, and Ragnall 
grandson of Iinar, where Barid was killed, together with 
nearly all is host. A large new fleet of Gentiles at Loch- 
dacaech. 5 Peace [concluded] between Niall son of Aedh, 
King of Ailech, and Aedh, King of the Province, 6 at 
Telach-og, 7 on the Kalends of November. A hosting of 
the Fochla 8 by Niall, son of Aedh, into Midhe, in the 
month of December. He encamped at Grellach-Eillte, 9 
to the^west of Oosa-cail. 10 A large party went from him 
out of the camp to procure corn and fire-wood. Oengus 
Ua- Maelsechlainn, with all his brethren and the army of 
the men of Meath, overtook them ; and they lost 45 men, 
including Coinnecan son of Muirchertach, and Ferghal 
son of Oenghus, and Uathmaran son of Ailib, and Erudan 
son of Gairfidh, chieftain of Ui-Bresail-Macha, and Mael- 
ruanaidh son of Cumuscach, chieftain of Sil-Duibhthire, 
and Maelbrighte son of Aedhacan, and the son 11 of Eru- 
man son of Aedh, and Fiachra son of Cellachan, and 









fifth '') ; by which was meant the 
Province of Ulidia. 

7 Telach-oy. Now Tullyhog, in 
the barony of Dungannoii Upper, co. 
Tyrone. 

8 Fochla. A name for that part of 
the North of Ireland occupied by the 
Northern Ui-Neill. 



9 Grellach Eillte. Girley, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

10 Crosa-cail. Crossakeele, in the 
last named barony and county. 

11 Son. His name is given as Mael- 
mordha, by the Four Masters, at A.D, 
910. 



430 



CCMNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



TTlaelmuipe mac plannacam p-ig-oomna na n-CCip,- 



p,on -DO 5p,ettai5 ettta 

cuam na caib ; 
Cofimacan p 
11 ac in tecap, flap, na^am pain,. 

]ct. lanaip.. CCnno T>omim 'occcc. xnn. (abap T>CCCC. 
ecu. ). Oengup . tl . TYlaetpecnaill, pig-oomna t;emn.ac, 
pepnmo iTHip ebp,uan,ii pepia ceficia mopcuup ep:. 

beannachc pop, tdm'i CIJITIT) mic 
Ho mafib Oenguf pnn muat 
11TD afti"iain gaifci 
CCet)a attain am. 



"Dorrmalt mac CCe-oo, p.i CCili, uep.no equmoccio m peni- 
cenT:ia mopicuyi. Piiiuui-Dechc plainn mic TTlaetfec- 
Lainn o maccai^ .1. o "Donncha-D 7 o concobup, 7 m-ofie'D 
rniT>e ua-oiB co toe fii. Slose-o m-o poclai la Wmlt mac 
n-Oe-Da p,i n-CCili co posaB nai-om "DonnchaDa 7 Con- 
coBuift ppia |iei|i a n-auafi, 7 co pap^aB opa-D icip, TTliT>e 
7 bp.ea. TTIaelciapain mac Gocacain, ppincepp Cluana 
h-auif*7 epifcoptif aip,T) TTIaca, anno tocx. aeurcip -pue, 
8canntan aipchinnech "CamLachca 7 Scannlan aipchm- 
nech na Congbala glmne 8uileiT>i, m Chjiipco mop.1- 
Huan.cc mac TTlaelbn,i5i;e, pi Tnupcpai'De 



1 Grellach-Elllte. Girley, in the 
barony of Upper Kells, co. Meath. 

2 Cormacan. Better known as 
Cormacan Eiges (or C. the " Poet "). 
His obit is given by the Four Masters 
at the year 946=948. See O'Dono- 
van's ed. of the Circuit of Ireland by 
Muircheartach Mac Neill, printed for 
the Irish Archteol. Soc., 1842. The 
original of these lines, which is not 
in B., is added in the upper margin 
of fol. 47a in A., with a sign of re- 
ference to the proper place in the text. 

3 Royal-heir T x1 ' DOIT1 n cf i A- 



4 Died. The Four Masters (at A.D. 
911) say that Oengus died of wounds 
received by him in the battle of 
Grllach-Eillte, mentioned under the 
preceding year (913) in this Chronicle. 

5 Fal. Fal, and Inis-Fail, were 
bardic names for Ireland. The orig. 
of these lines (not in B), is added 
in the lower margin of fol. 47 in A, 
with the usual mark of reference to 
the proper place in the text. 

6 Aedh Allan The death in battle 
of Aedh Allan, King of Ireland, is 
recorded above at the year 742. The 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 431 

Maelmuiro son of Flannacan, royal-heir of the Airg- 
hialia. 

Sorrow to the cold Grellach-Eillte, 1 
7< We found hosts by its side. 

Cormacan 2 said to Niall, 

" We will not be allowed to go westwards, let us go 
eastwards." 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 914 (alias 915). Oengus Ua Maelsech- [91*0 
naill, royal-heir 3 of Temhair, died 4 on the seventh of the 
Ides of February, the third day of the week. 

A blessing on the hand of Cernd son of Bernd, 
Who slew Oengus Finn, the pride of Fal ; 5 
It was a good deed of his sharp valour, 
To avenge the noble Aedh Allan. 6 

Domnall son of Aedh, King of Ailech, died in penitence, 
at the vernal equinox. A rebellion against Flann son of 
Maelsechlainn by his sons, viz., by Donnchad and Con- 
chobar ; and they devastated Midhe as far as Loch-Bi. 
The army of the North [was led] by Niall son of Aedh, 
King of Ailech, who received the guarantee of Donnchad 
and Conch obar that they would be obedient to their 
father, and left peace between Midhe and Bregh. Mael- 
ciarain son of Eochocan, abbot of Cluain-auis 7 and bishop 
of Ard-Macha, 8 in the 70th year of his age ; Scannlan, 
' herenagh ' of Tamlacht, and Scannlan, ' herenagh ' of 
Congbail 9 of Glenn-Suilidhe, died in Christ. Kuarcc son 
of Maelbrigte, King of Muscraidhe-thire, 10 was killed 



victor in the battle was Domnall son 
of Murchad, who succeeded Aedh 
Allan in the sovereignty, and who 
was the ancestor of Oengus Ua 
Maelsechlainn. 

7 Cluain-auis Or Cluain-eois, as 
it is otherwise written. Now Clones, 
in the co. Monaghan. 

8 Ard-Macha. There is probably 
some error here, as the name of Mael- 



ciarain does not appear in any of the 
ancient lists of bishops, or abbots, of 
Armagh. See the Chron. Scotorum 
(ed. Hennessy), p. 186, note 4 . 

9 Congbail. Now Conwal, in the 
barony of Kilmacrenan, co. Donegal. 

10 Muscraidhe-thire. The old name 
of a territory comprising the present 
barony of Lower Ormond, (and part 
of Upper Ormond), co. Tipperarr. 



432 



ulccoti. 






7)0 $uin sp.e meljail 7 T:a[n]snacc o hllib 
'Coiimac maia meimc 7)0 enciB T>O iachcam oc Loc 
oacaec beop, 7 inT>n.eT> cuac 7 ceall TTIuman h-uaT>iB. 
.b. jet. lanaifi. CCnno -Domini T>CCCC. O . u. (abap T>CCCC. 
ocui.). plann mac TTkcelpeclainn (nuc TnaelpaianaiT) 
nuc T)onnchaT>a), 111 "Cemiiac^iiejnanf annif xxx. er; UL, 
ecmenfibuf .ui. ecT)iebuf .u., anno aeTrasip fueloc-unv, 
occaua Die jcalen-oaftum 1unn pefiia -pepcima, hoyia 
Foi. 406. T>iei quap fepcima, moiiicup.. "Po^afirac mac "Colaifis 
111 Deifci|ic bn.es mopicuii. CCnnle mac Cacan, fu 
llaune Cliac, T>O baptugaT)] o ^allaiB Loca 7)acaec. 
CCe-5 mac CCilello abbaf cluana pe^ca bp.enT>am, 
Conligan mac "Djiaignen copech .Tl. Lomam 
mapcain abbaf iioifp Commam, moinuncup.. 
mac CCeT>a 1)111156 "Cemiiac, 7 oenac 'Cailuen T>O 
laif, quoD muluif cempoinbuf pn.eice|imifp< 
aill Loca Dacaec beof T>O mnn.iuu TTIuman 7 

D facavi-DT) Cluana mic Woif mojiicuii. 
TTlaca 7)0 lopca-o 7>iaii; 1 quint: jcalen-oap TYlai .1. 
a leirh Deipcen.cac, copn 1:01 7 copni: paboll 7 cupn 
cucin 7 copnT) Imp abbaiT) h-uile. Coblaic mpn *DuiB- 
T)tnn, comapba bingci, quieuic. 

]ct. lanain. CCnno Domnn T>CCCC. O X. ui. (abap T>CCCC. 
xun.). SneaCTa 7 h-uacc Dimap., 7 aig anaicensa, ipin 
bliaDam pe, com^apc puin.pe pfiim loca 7 pjiim abamn 
co pcO la a\i T)1 ce^iiailj 7 enait5 7 eicmt>. 
olcena. Comenp celum apDepve nip 
^emei* T)O aficfiujUT) co cojiainn iaji 11-61111111 



1 Son. The original of the paren- 
thetic clause, which is added in al. 
man. in A., is written by way of gloss, 
in the orig. hand in B. 

2 Who reigned. fiesnan^, in A. 
and B. 

3 Of June. 1tmm, A. The cri- 
teria above given shew that the 



correct year was 916, according to 
the common computation. 

4 Uaithne-Cllach. A territory now 
represented by the barony of Owney- 
beg, co. Limerick. 

5 Ul-Lomain-Gaela.A sept of the 
Ui-Maine (or Hy-Many) of Con- 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 433 

through treachery and malice, by the Ui-Dungalaigh. 
A great and frequent increase of Gentiles coming still to 
Loch-dachaech ; and the territories and churches of 
Munster were plundered by them. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 915 (alias 916). Flann, son of Mael- [915.] BIS. 
sechlainn (son 1 of Maelruanaidh, son of Donnchad), King 
of Temhair, who reigned 2 36 years, 6 months, and 5 days, OtilMf, //- 

died in the 68th year of his age, on the 8th of the 
Kalends of June, 8 the 7th day of the week, about the 
7th hour of the day. Fogartach son of Tolarg, King of 
the South of Bregh, died. Annie son of Cathan, King 
of Uaithne-Cliach, 4 was put to death by the Foreigners 
of Loch-dacaech. Aedh son of Ailill, abbot of Cluain- 
ferta-Brendain ; Conligan son of Draignen, chieftain of 
Ui-Lomain-Gaela f [and] Martain abbot of Ros-Comain, 
died. Niall, 6 son of Aedh, in the kingship of Temhair ; & , 

and the fair of Tailtiu was celebrated by him, which had ^ W 
been omitted for many years. The Foreigners of Loch- 
dacaech still plundering Munster and Leinster. Mael- 
barrfind, a priest of Clonmacnoise, died. Ard-Macha 
was burned by lightning on the 5th of the Kalends of 
May, viz., the southern half, with the 'Toi' 7 and the 
' Saball,' 7 and the kitchen, and the abbot's house all. 
Coblaith, daughter of Dubhduin, successor of Brigit, rested. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 916 (alias 917). Great snow and cold, [916.] 
and unprecedented frost, in this year, so that the chief 
lakes and rivers of Ireland were passable, which brought 
great havoc upon cattle, birds, and fishes. Horrid signs 
besides. The heavens seemed to glow with comets. A 
mass of fire was observed, with thunder, passing over 
Ireland from the west, which went over the sea eastwards. 



naught. See O'Donovan's Ann. Four 
Matt., A.D. 949, note k. 

9 Niall; Niall Glundubh, or Niall 
"Black- knee." The epithet glun- 
miV) is added as a gloss in B., in a 
very old hand, and the note 



fxegnafie inapic in the 



margin in A., in al. man. 

7 Toi Saball. Regarding these 
churches, see Reeves' Ancient Churches 
of Armagh, pp. 12, 13 ; and Todd's 



St. Patrick, p. 480. 



2F 



434 



X 



Fol. 46W. 



aniap co n-T>ecai'o T)ap mtnp paip. 8icpiuc .11. 1maip 
cona cobluc *oo ^abail oc Cinnpuai<c 1 n-aipmp 
Hagnall .tl. h1maip cona cobluc ailiu co 
toco *oacaec. CCp n^all oc neimliT> la TTlumain. 
CCp n-aile la eo^anachz: 7 Ciapai*6e. 1050*0 .H. 
m *oeipcipr; 7 m cuaipcipc la "Mmll mac nCCefia 
iiGpcii*n co pipii 1 Human, *no coctif) ppi ^emid. -8co- 
ala laiciu picec mip CCusaipc oc "Copop 

peimni. "Dollocap m ent;i ippm cip 
lau cecnai. puppuapapca'oap 111 oiT>il er;ip 
7 me*ooin laei, 7 caai5peT: co eppapram, co 
ca^p amail cec pep euippu, acht; ip lia -oocep 
T)ollor;ap ceopcobpai'o api,fl Ion5popc 
am mu 1 n r;i pe. 1m opjioi pec 



111 

culu *oocum a n-T>iinaiT> pepni coip *oe- 
.1. pe Ra^nall pi T)ii1j>5all, co plo5 T>1 
laib tume. Luif) "Miall mac CCeT>a co n-uacib 1 n-( 
no enci co capmapc *oia cpnc an ni5Uin. CCnaip 
iappm peer; n-ai*oce a n-7>una*o ppip n[a] 
CCpbpec n af> ppi 101511111 ap a n-5abcip cacc 
*oicem ppip m Ion5popi:. Roinip cac Cinnpuaic popaTb" 
pe Sicpiuc Till 1maip, COHDI-O ann *oocep CCusaipe mac 
CCilello pi Lai5en, 7 1DaelmopT>a mac TTluipecain pi 
aiprip Lipij TnaelmoeT)OC mac "Diapmaca ptn er; epip- 
copup Laisen, CCtispan mac Cen 1167:15 pi taicpe, ec 
cerepi -oucep acque nobilep. -Sicpuic .h . 1maip *oo 
cin-oechr; 1 n-CCc cliac. Gicne 1115611 CCefa, m tiepa 
poemcencia ec 111 pepio TTlapTini, *oepunct:a 

1 Cennfualt. O'Donovan {Four 
Mast., A.r>. 915, notes, pp. 589, 590) 
would identify Ccnnfuait with Con-- 
fey, in the barony of Salt, co. Kildare. 
But the above statement represents 
Cennfuait as on the "border" (1 
n-aifxiuyi) of Leinster, whereas 
Confey is several miles inland. 

2 Neimlid. The ' Translation ' of 
these Annals in Clar. 49 has " Imly " 



(i.e. Emly), bar. of Clanwilliam, co. 
Tipperary. 

3 Tobar - Glethrach. Not now 
known by this name. 

*Magh-Fenihin A plain, famous in 
Irish history and legend, comprising a 
large districtof country abont Clonmel. 

8 Tierce* This was the canonical 
term for the division of time extend- 
ing from the 9th to the 12th hour of 
the day. 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



435 



Sitriuc, grandson of linear, came with his fleet to Cenn- 
fuait 1 on the border of Leinster. Ragnall, grandson of 
Imar, went with his other fleet to the Foreigners of Loch- 
Dachaech. A slaughter of the Foreigners at Neimlid 2 in 
Munster. Another slaughter by the Eoganacht and 
the Ciarraidhe. A hosting of the Ui-Neill of the South, 
and of the North, by Niall son of Aedh, to the men of 
Munster, to wage war against the Gentiles. He en- 
camped on the 22nd of the month of August at Tobar- 
Glethrach* in Magh-Femhm. 4 The Gentiles went into 
the territory on the same day. The Irish attacked them 
between tierce 8 and mid-day, and they fought till vesper- 
time, so that about 8 100 men fell between them, but 
most fell on the part of the Foreigners. Reinforcements 
came from the camp of the Gentiles, to the aid of their 
people. The Irish returned baak to their encampment fr fa 
before [.tkerai-rival -of- the last reinforcement, i.e. before 
Ragnall, King of the Dubh-Gaill [arrived], accompanied 
by an army of Foreigners. Niall, son of Aedh, went 
with a small force against the Gentiles, so that God pre- 
vented their slaughter through him. Niall after this 
stayed twenty nights encamped against the Gentiles. 
He sent word to the Leinstermen to beseige the camp N( 
from a distance. The battle of Cennfuait 7 wa~s gained over 
them by Sitriuc grandson of Imar, in which fell Augaire 
son of Ail ill, King of Leinster ; and Maelrnordha son of 
Muirecan, King of Airther-Liphe ; Maelmoedhoc, son of 
Diarmait, a wise man, and bishop of Leinster ; Augran 
son of Cennetigh, King of Laighis, and other captains 
and nobles. Sitriuc, grandson of Imar, came into Ath- 
cliath. Eithne, 8 daughter of Aehh, died in true peni- f 6- 
tence, on the feast of St. Martin. 



,. l^/- 



& A. ' 



' About. am (for amail, "like''), 
A. B. The Four Mast. (915) say 
that 1100 men were slain. 

7 Cennfuait See note '. A mar- 
ginal note in A. reacts T>U icop.cp.a- 



oap, u. c. uet paulo ptup, "where 
500 or more fell." 

8 Eithne. According to the A nn. 
Four Must. (A.D. 9 1C), she was Queen 
of the men of Bregh. 

2r 2 



436 



CCNMCClCC UlCTOtl. 



jet. Icmaifi. CCnno T>ommi -occcc. xun. (abap 
occcc. ecu 111.) TYlaeliom ppmcepp 7 epipcopup Roipp 
cpeae, 6icnec ppmcepp CCpann aipip, T)amel Cluana 
coippre pen ca am pa, in pace -oopmiepunc. TYluipenn 
in^en Suaific, abaci fa Cille -capo, qineuic. gaill loca 
oacaec -DO 7>ep5iu 6penn .1. ttagnall pi ^Oubgalt 7 na 
oa iapla .1. Occip. 7 ^a^abai, 7 fagai^ -001 b iap.fin co 
CCtban. Pfi CClban T>ono ayi a cenn forri co com- 
pop. bpu 'Cine la Saxanu ^uaifcipr. "Dogen- 
pac 111 ^enci ce^pai ccrca T)iB .1. cac la obpi Ua 
nlmaip, cac laf na -oa iapla, ca6 lap na h-occi^epna 
Ca -oano la Uagnall 1 n-epoloc naT>acaT)ap pip CClban 
Homif pe pepai!5 CClban poppna cpi caa aDconncaT)ap, 
copolpac dp n-T)iniap T>I na 'genn^iB, im Ocr:ip 7 im 
Ragnall T>ono T>O puabaipc iappuiTiu 
pep n-CClban co po la ap T>i15, acliT; naT>papcba6 
pi na mopmoep i Dipui > oit5. Klox ppaebum T>ipimiu. 
eicilplei, pamopippma pegma Saxonum, mopicup. 
Cocai) icip "Miall mac CCeio pi 'Cenipac 7 Sicpiuc .h. 
nlmaip. TTlaelnii6iT> mac plannacam pi Cnogfiai TDO 
T)Ul co ^enT:i, ppi cof num cuaipcipr; bpe^ a mum 5 erice > 
quoT eo mhil conr;ulit;. 

]ct. lanaip. CCnno "oomim T>CCCC. xu. 111. (aliap 






1 Ara-alrther. The most eastern 
of the Islands of Aran, in the Bay 
of Gahvay. 

2 Fell asleep. T>oifimiuic, A. 

3 They went yagaic -ooib ["DOTdb 
incorrectly for -ooib], A. B. 

4 Banks of the Tine, i.e. the River 
Tyne. 

* North Saxonland. Northumbria 
or Northumberland. The meaning of 
the expression ta paxanu cuai'p- ) 
ci|xc, which signifies literally " apud 
Saxones sinistrales," has been mis- 
conceived by some writers on Scotch 
history. There can be no doubt that 



the foregoing statement, co comaifi- 
neccari pot\ bjiu dne la Saxanu 
cuai|^ci|ic, means that they (i.e. 
the Dubhgall [or Black Foreigners] 
and the men of Alba, or Scotland) 
met on the banks of the Tyne, in 
Northumbria. Skene, misunderstan- 
ding the expression, states that the 
men of Alba prepared to meet the 
invaders " with the assistance of the 
northern Saxons." ( Chron. Picts and 
Scots, p. 363). Dr. Todd fell into 
the same mistake, (WaroJ the, Gaedhil, 
$c., Introd., p. Ixxxvi). 

6 Graggaba Regarding the iden- 



ANNALS OF ULSTEH. 



437 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 917 (alias 918). Maeleoin, abbot and 
bishop of Ros-cre ; Eicnech, abbot of Ara-airther, 1 [and] 
Daniel of Cluain-coirpthe, an eminent historian, 'fell 
asleep 2 in peace.' Muirenn, daughter of Suart, abbess 
of Cill-dara, rested. The Foreigners of Loch-Dachaech 
left Ireland, viz., Ragnal] King of the Dubhgall, and the 
two Earls, to wit Ottir and Graggaba. And they went 8 
afterwards against the men of Alba. The men of Alba, 
however, were prepared for them ; so that they met on 
the banks of the Tine, 4 in North Saxonland. 5 The 
Gentiles divided themselves into four battalions, viz., a 
battalion with Gothfrith grandson of Imar ; a battalion 
with the two Earls ; a battalion with the young lords. 
There was another battalion under Ragnall, in ambush, 
which the men of Alba did not see. The men of Alba 
gained a victory over the three battalions they saw, and 
made a great slaughter of the Gentiles, including Ottir 
and Graggaba. Ragnall, however, afterwards attacked 
the rear of the army of the men of Alba, and made 
a slaughter of them, but no King or,. ' Mor-maer ' 7 
of them perished. Night interrupted the battle. 
Eithilfleith, 8 most famous queen of the Saxons, 9 died. 
War between Niall, son of Aedh, King of Temhair, and 
Sitriuc, grandson of Imar. Maelmithidh son of Flanna- 
can, King of Cnoghbha, 10 went to the Gentiles, with a 
view to defending the North of Bregh by the aid of 
the Gentiles; which availed him nothing. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 918 (alias 919). Easter on the 7th 



[917.] 



tity of this person, mentioned in a 
previous entry under this year, see 
Todrt's work, just cited, Introd., 
p. Ixxxvi, note '. 

7 Mor-maer. ".^hrat steward." 

8 Eithilfleith. .lEthelfled, Queen of 
the Mercians, whose obit is entered 
in the Anglo-Saxon Chron. at the 
year 918, and a second time at 922. 



8 Queen of the Saxons ^thelflsed, 
eldest daughter of Alfred the Great, 
and wife of ^Ethelrcd, 'ealdorman ' of 
the Mercians. See the previous note. 

10 Cnoghbha. This name is now re- 
presented by Knowth, the name of a 
townland containing a large mound, 
in the parish of Monknewtown, 
barony of Upper S,lane, co. Meath. 



438 



CCNNCClCC UlCCOtl. 



T>cccc. xix.) Caifc pop. fept: |ct. TTlai, 7 mmcaipc ala 
laiciu 7)0 f-amfiaf). CCei) Oa TYlaelfecnaill T>O T>allaT> 
47a. tebi"iarai|\ la'Donncha'D ]ii ITliTie. bellum fie n^enml!) 
occ "Ouiblmn -pof 1 S 01 ^ e ^ u ^ ^u 1 soficaip. "Khali (.1. 
X gluiToub) mac CCe-bo, fit Gperm, cen.cio anno fiegni fui, 
xun. ]ct. Occimbpif, 1111. pep.ia,7 T>U icopcaip. Ctei) mac 
Gococam pi coicif) Concobaip,, 7 TTlaelmicn) mac plan- 
nacain ju bpeg, 7Concobafi .h. TTIaelfecnaill p,iT)omn a 
'Cemp.ac, 7 "Plai^beyicac mac "Domnaill yii-oomna 
HIT) poclai, 7 mac "Ouibpnai^; .1. TTlaelcyiaibi, yn na 
n-OCi|\5iallu, ec alii nobilep mulci. 

Ojaonac mT)iu h6ip,iu h-tiag, 
Cen iiufiis titiag ^1151 51 all ; 
oeccif niriie gan Sfiein, 
muije "Netll gan Miall] 



t na f uba 
"Mi cumaing oenach DOjain, 
ftofbaiD m bp,oenach bftom. 

pn a maj m-byiej nii-bui p 6e, 



CC cift n-alainT) ^- 

Ro fcayiaif ffiic 1115 fttnfiech, 

pocftacmB Tliall mamguinech. 

[Caim mail iap,caift becha, 
Cain Sftam] cec aip,m5p,eta ; 
1nt>iT) Tliall cfiot>a Cnuca 
Uo rnalayic a mop0;ftiuca. 
mac plaicbe|T.cai jii Con.c-TT10T>n.ua5, 



1 Little Easter. rmncaipc. Low 
Sunday, i.e. the first Sunday after 
Easter Sunday. The true year was 
919, in which Easter Sunday fell on 
the 7th of the Kalends of May. 

2 In which fell. -DU 1 coficctip,, B. 
Mutilated in A. 

3 Glundubh." Black Knee." The 
epithet is added by way of gloss in B. 



4 The Vlih. The corresponding 
number is not in A., which has been 
partly injured in this place. 

* Province of Conchobar, (i.e. of 
Conchobar Mac Nessa, King of 
Ulster in the 1st century). A name 
for the Province (COICOD or " fifth ") 
of Ulster. See note 5 , p. 336 
supra. 



ANNALS OF ULSTElt. 



439 



6 Sorrowful. The original of these 
stanzas, not in B., is written iu the 
top marg. of fol. 47ao iu A., with a 
mark of reference to the place where 
they might be inserted in the text. 



of the Kalends of May, and Little Easter 1 on the 2nd 
day of Summer. Aedh, grandson of Maelsechnaill, was CS 
blinded by his brother, Donnchad King of Midhe. A 
battle gained by Gentiles at Dubhlinu, over Gaedhil, in 
which fell 2 Niall (i.e. Glundubh) 3 son of Aedh, King of 
Ireland, in the 3rd year of his reign, on the 17th 4 of the 
Kalends of December, the 4th day of the week ; and in 
which fell Aedh son of Eochacan, King of the Province 
of Conchobar; 5 and Maelmithidh son of Flannacan, King 
of Bregh ; and Conchobar Ua Maelsechnaill, royal heir 
of Temhair ; and Flaithbertach son of Domnall, royal 
heir of the Fochla ; and the son of Dubhsinach, i.e. Mael- 
craibhi, King of the Airghialla, and many other nobles. 

Sorrowful 6 to-day is *We Ireland, 

Without a valiant chief of hostage reign ; 

[It is seeing the heavens without a sun, 

To see Magh-Neill without Niall]. 

There is no joy in man's goodness ; 
There is no peace nor gladness among hosts ; 
No fair can be celebrated, 
Since the cause of sorrow died. 

[A pity] this, O beloved Magh-Bregh, 
Beautiful, desirable countiy. 
Thou hast parted with thy lordly king ; 
Niall the wounding hero has left thee ! 

[Where is the chief of the western world? 
Where is the hero] of every clash of arms ? 
SCHAV ia it the brave Niall of Cnucha 

That has been lost, O great cantred ! 

Cett son of Flaithbertach, King of Corc-Modruagh, [and] 
TigernachUa Cleirigh, King of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne,died. 



*"* 



Some of the words which had been 
cut off by the binder, have been re- 
stored from the copy in the Ashburn- 
ham MS. of the Ann. Four Mast. 
in the Royal Irish Academy. 



440 



CCNNCClCC UlCTOtl. 



]ct. lanaip. CCnno 7)0171 mi T>CCCC. x. iac. (abap 
Dcccc. a:x.). TYlaelmuipe, ppincepp aipim bpecam, 
moptuup. Ca^poimu-o pe nT)onnca-o .tl. 1Tlaelpecnaill 
pop enei, T>U luopcaip ap n-Dimap. "Pmcap epipcopup 
ec pcpiba opcimup T)oimliac pebcieep paupauic. 
Scannal Roipp Cpeae, es pcpiba Cluana mic Woip, 
ua h1mai|i T>O -oe^m CCca cbac pep. 
Diuinam. T)ombac Cenannfa DO bpifiuc 

^ensit) 7 focaiTe mafirpai ann. t)omtiac 'Cuiteam 
DO lofcat* m eoDem T>ie. Cofimac mac Cuilennam pi 
na nt)efi TTIuman lusutarup efc. 

]Ct. lancnji. CCnno Tomim T>CCCC. xx. (aliap T>CCCC. 
xx.i.). TTloenac mac SiaTiail, comayiba ComgaitL, cenn 
ecna mnpe Gpenn, -Dopmiuic. T)omnatl .Tl. maelpec- 
lamn pep. T>otum occifUf epc a ppa^pe puo "DonnchaT), 
cfuo-o apcum epai:. Ciapxxn abbap "Daimmpe paupar;. 
tDaelpectamn .1"). plamn pi^omna 'Cenipac, pacpa 
mac Caratam pi Coille "Pollamain, ftagnall .h. Imaip, 
pi pinnjall 7 TJub^all, omnep mopcui punt:, goiubpic 
.n. Imaip 1 n-CCc clm. Cinae-D mac "Domnaill, ppm- 
cepp T>aipe Calcaic 7 T)poma cuama, 7 cenn a-ocomaipc 
Conaill 111 cuaipcipc obnc. TTluipiucc T>a 
iltoc ")2e6ail .1. CCcolb co n-Dib longaib cpichac. 

1 n-mip etigam T>O T>epsiti co cpon 7 co leip noiB paucip 
m ea pemanencibup pep roppopem. "Pepgal mac 
T)omnaitl pi mD [p]oclai 1 n-epcaipi>iu ppiu co pomap^l 
luce lunga Ti15, 7 co pobpip m lungai co puc a ppaiT>. 



l ScannaL In the Ann. Four Mast. 
(at A.D. 918), where the name is written 
Scannlan, he is stated to have been 
abbot of Eos- ere (Roscrea.) 

2 The doimliac ; i.e. the "stone 
church." 

3 On. in, omitted in B. 

4 Cuiknnan. No Cormac " son of 
Cuilennan " appears in the Geneal. 
of the Desi-Muman (or Desi of Mun- 
ster). But there is a Cormac " son 



of Mothla," who was obviously the 
person intended. The obit of this 
Cormac son of Mothla, King of the 
Desi, is given by the Four Masters 
at A.D. 917, and by the CAron, 
Scotorum at the year 918 (=919.) 
See Harris's Ware, vol. 1, p. 549. 

5 Maelsechlainn Maelsechnaill, B. 

6 Coille- Follamhain See note 7 , p. 
403 supra. 

7 Gothfrtih He probably succeeded 



ANNALS OF ULSTER. 



441 



Kal. Jan. A.D. 919 alias 920). Maelmuire, abbot of 
Ard-Brecain, died. A breach of battle by Donnchad, 
grandson of Maelsechnaill, over the Gentiles, where 
a great slaughter was made. Finchar, a bishop, and 
excellent scribe of Doimliacc, rested happily. Scannal, 1 
of Ros-cre, and scribe of Cluain-mic-Nois, rested. 
Sitriuc, grandson of Imhar, left Ath-cliath, through 
Divine power. The ' doimliac ' 2 of Cenannas was broken 
by Gentiles, and great numbers were martyred there. 
The ' doimliac ' 2 of Tuilen was burned on 8 the same day. 
Cormac son of Cuilennan, 4 King of the Desi-Muman, was 
slain. 

Kal. Jan. A.D. 920 (alias 921). Moenach son of 
Siadhal, successor of Comgall, head of the learning of the 
Island of Ireland, ' fell asleep.' Domnall, grandson of 
Maelsechlainn, 5 was deceitfully slain by his brother 
Donnchad, which was meet. Ciaran, abbot of Daimiuis, 
rested. Maelsechlainn, grandson of Flann, royal-heir of 
Temhair; Fiachra son of Cathalan, King of Coille- 
Follamhain, 6 [and] Ragnall grandson of Imar, King of the 
Finn-Gam and Dubh-Gaill, all died, Gothfrith, 7 grand- 
son of Imar, in Ath-cliath. Cinaedh son of Domnall, 
abbot of Daire-Calgaigh and Druim-thuama, and head 
of council of the [CinelJ-Conaill of the North, died. 8 A 
fleet of the Foreigners in Loch-Febhail, viz., Acolb 
with thirty- two ships. Gen-rig 9 in Inis-Eogain was 
abandoned by them .Quickly and entirely ; a few remain- 
ing there, through laziness. Fergal son of Domnall, King 
of the Fochla, in enmity towards them, so that he killed 
the crew of one of the ships, and broke the ship, and took 



[919.] 



v fleet 



[920. J 



77 



his brother (or cousin) Sitriuc, whose 
departure from Ath-cliath (Dublin) 
is recorded under the year 919. 

8 Died.- -oiem obnc, A. obuc, B. 

9 Cen-rig. The name of some 
island off the coast of luishowcn, in 



the co. Donegal. See above at the 
year 732, for mention of an island 
called Culen-rigi, off the same coast 
The versions of this entry given in 
the MS. Clar. 49, and in O'Conor's 
eel,, are very inaccurate. 



442 



CCNNCClCC UlOTOtl. 



Fol. 17 ab 






Longup aile i Ciunn magaip a n-aipepipe Conaill.1. mac 
h-tlacmapan mic baipiu cum .xx. nauibup. 1nT>peT> aip/o 
TTTlaca hi .1111. ii> Mouembpip o 5 c ^bai6 CCa ctiat; .1. o 
obpi Oa 1maip cum puo exepcicu .1. h-ipmc paupn 
I pia peil Ulapcain, 7 na cai^i aepnaigi T>O anacal taip 
;' cona luchc T>e ceibB ue 7 T)1 tobpai13, 7 m cealt olceana, 
nipi paucip m ea cecr;ip exaupcip pep mcupiam. 1n- 
T)peT> lean uaT)ib pop cec lea .1. piap co h-1nip .11. 
Labpa-oa, paip co baniai, potuaic co TTlag nittpen. 
CCcc 111 plua pautiaig 'ooppappai'b TTIuipcepuac mac 
"MeilL, 7 G^isnepu mac TTlupcai>o, co p.emii> popaib 7 co 
ile, paucip elappip pubpiT>io pubtupcpip 
Oclippip lunae hi .xu. ]ct. lanuapn, .111. pepia, 
hopa noccip. plaicbepuac mac TTluipcepuaic, 
abbap Cluana moep, mopicup. 

CUDU an-DUT) im>baip h uaij, 
alluT) [a] T>ei5loip, ; 
placbe]tcac pinn pial, 

1Pp,i miat) Cluana moip,. 
]ct. lanaip. CCnno Domini T>CCCC. xx.i.(atiap TCCCC. 
xxii.). TTlaelpoil mac CCilella, pui 7 eppcop pit CCei>a 
8lane, "CaDC mac paelam pi .h. Cennpelaig, Cepnacmac 
plamn ppmcepp Lamne lepe 7 moep. muinncipi aipD 
TDaca o betac T)um co muip, 7 o boamn co Coppan, 
cenn comaiple 7 a-Dcomaipc pep mbpeg n-uite, omnep 



1 Cenn- Mar/hair. Or Kiiiimweer. 
See note 3 , p. 154 supra. 

2 Gothfrith. See note ', page 440. 

3 Church ; i.e. the Church- town, or 
the ecclesiastical buildings generally. 

4 fnis- Ui-Labrada. O'Labrada's 
Island. Not identified. 

5 Magh-Nillsen. Magh-Uillsenn, 
Four Mast. Not identified. 

e Cluain-mor. O'Donovan suggests 
(.F. J/., A.D. 919, note n), that this 
place is now represented by the place 
called Clonmore, in the barony of 
Eathvilly, co. Carlow. 

7 Foundation. CCITOUTJ. The 



name of the composer of these lines 
is not given. O'Conor's version of 
them is very incorrect. They are 
not divided metrically in A. 

8 Or 922. The suggestion "uet 
22," is in B., not in A. The correct 
year was, of course, 922. 

9 Maelpoil. Regarding this emi- 
nent man, and his identity with the 
Paulinus to whom Probus dedicated 
his life of St. Patrick, as alleged by 
Dr. 0' Conor (/!?*. Four Matt., ed 
'Conor, p. 440, note '), see 
O'Donovan's Four JU., A.D. 920, 



ANNALS OF ULSTEll. 



its spoil. Another fleet in Cenn-Maghair, 1 on the coast 
of Tir-Conaill, i.e., the son of Uathmaran son of Barith, 
with twenty ships. The plundering of Ard-Macha on the 
4th of the Ides of November, by the Foreigners of Ath- 
cliath, viz., by Gothfrith 2 grandson of I mar, with his army, 
on the Saturday before the feast of St. Martin. And the 
houses of prayer, with their company of Celi-De and of 
sick, were ptotgctcd. by him, and the church 3 besides, 
except a few houses in it which were burnt through 
negligence. An extensive devastation by them on every 
side, i.e., westwards to Inis-LJi-Labradha ; 4 eastwards to 
the Bann; northwards to Magh-jNillseu. 5 But Muir- 
chertach Mac Neill, and Aignert son of Murchad, *t 
the army [that went] northwards, who were defeated 
and lost a great many, a few escaping by the aid of the 
glimmering of night. An eclipse of the moon on the 
15th of the Kalends of January, a Tuesday, in the first 
hour of the night. Flaithbertach son of Muirchertach, 
abbot of Cluaiii-mor, 6 died. 

Where is the foundation 7 of a great treasure ? 

Where the report of his good fame? 
dwus JteLold, FlaitLbertdch the fair, generous, 

Has separated from the lionoui-s of Cluain-mor. f) 
Kal. Jan. A.D. 921 (or 922). 8 Maelpoil, 9 son of Ailill, 
a sage and bishop of the race of Aedh Slane ; Tadg son of 
Faelan, King of Ui-Cennselaigh ; Cernach son of Flann, 
abbot of Lann-leire, 10 and steward of the ' family ' of Ard- 
Macha from Belach-duin 11 to the sea, and from the Boinn to 
Gossan, 12 chief counsellor and protector of all the men of 



note tt ; and Chron. Scotorum, ed. 
Hennessy, p. 193, note *. 

Lann-kire. See note ls , p. 205 
tupra. 

11 Belach-duin. This was the old 
name of Disert-Ciarain (or, as it is now 
called, Castlekieran), in the present 
Larcny of Upper Kells, co. Heath. 

12 From the Boinn to Coitan ; i.e. 



from some point (not specified) on the 
River Boyne to Cassan-lin, supposed 
to bo the old name of the Glyde 
River, which joins the River Dee, 
not far from a village called Anna- 
yassan, to the S.E. of Castle, 
bellingham, in the county of Louth. 
See Todd's War of the Gaedhil, &c., 
Introd., Ixii., note '. 



$&Vtf' 



444 



uloroti. 



mopiuni;up. Human eppcop Cluana ipaip-o, pep-oalac 
eppcop cluana mic Noip, toingpeac mac Oenacam 
equommup "Ooimliac, Colgu mac TTlaelpempuil abbap 
Slane, omnep Dopmiepunc. Lonjjup Liiimnig .1. mic 
CCilce pop, toe pi, co po opsacap Cluain mic "Noip 7 
h-uile mnpi HTO loca, co pucpac ppaiD maip enp op 7 
ap^au 7 innbtipa ib. 

}ct. lanaip. CCnno T)omini T)CCCC. xx. n. (aliap 
Dcccc. cccc. in. ). TTlaetpaDpaic mac TDopamT), ppincepp 
T)poma cbat) 7 CCipD p paca, mopcuup epc. Spelan mac 
Congatai^, pi Conailte, pep 7>olum occipup