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ANNALS 



OF THE 



OXFORD, 

A. D. 1598 A. D. 1867 ; 



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BY THE REV. WILLIAM DUNN MACRAY, M. A. 

CHAPLAIN OF ST. MARY MAGDALENE AND ST. MARY WINTON COLLEGES; 
EDITOR OF "CHRONICON ABHATI^E EVESHAMENSIS," &c. 




RIVNfc'TONS 

Bonbon, (Dvforb, mib (Tambrtbge 

1868 



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PREFACE. 

THIS volume is an attempt to tell a tale which has not 
been told with any particularity and fulness since the days 
of Anthony a Wood, and yet a tale which, since those days, 
has been continually growing in interest, and engaging in 
fresh scenes the attention and admiration of successive 
generations. Fragments of the tale, it is true, have been 
told at times j latest of all, an abstract, brief but accurate, 
has been given in Mr. Edwards' valuable Memoirs of Libraries. 
But the present narrative, while it embraces a wider range, 
is, at the same time, independent throughout of all that have 
preceded it, being largely compiled from sources available 
only to those who are familiar with the stores of the Library 
and habituated to their use, as well as from private accounts 
and papers, for access to which, as for other kind assistance, 
the writer is indebted to the Librarian. Yet it is only 
as an attempt that the volume asks to be received and 
judged ; for a work of this kind cannot at once attain com- 
pleteness. Its very size will show to those who are ac- 
quainted with its subject, that minuteness in detail cannot 
be expected. The difficulty has been, out of the abundance 
of materials, to compile an epitome which should at once 



iv PREFACE. 

be concise and yet not, through conciseness, be deprived 
of interest. To point out all the special treasures in each 
branch in which the Library is rich, as it would occupy the 
extent of several volumes, so it would require the combined 
knowledge of several students, each in his several sphere. 
While, therefore, no portion of the Library has been un- 
noticed, it will, the writer trusts, be readily pardoned, should 
those portions with which he is specially acquainted, and 
in the direction of which his own line of work specially 
leads, seem to any to occupy more prominence than others 
of equal importance. It is worthy of notice that, in tracing 
the growth and history of the Library, the fact of its older 
divisions having undergone comparatively little change in 
arrangement, greatly facilitates examination, and, at the 
same time, often imparts an interest of its own to well-nigh 
each successive shelf of books j for each tier has thus its 
own record of successive benefactions and successive pur- 
chases to display, and leads us on step by step from one 
year to another. 

'Bowers of Paradise /' Thus it was that an enthusiastic 
Hebrew student, writing of the Bodleian but a few years 
ago, apostrophized the little cells and curtained cages wherein 
readers sit, while hedged in and canopied with all the wisdom 
and learning of bygone generations, which here bloom their 
blossoms and yield up their fruits. And, as if answering in 
actual living type to the parable which the Eastern metaphor 
suggests, these cells from year to year have been and (though 
of late more infrequently) still are, the resort of grand 
and grave old bees, majestic in size and deportment, of 



PREFACE. v 

sonorous sound, and covered with the dust, as it were, of 
ages. Just as a solemn rookery befits an ancestral mansion, 
so these Bees of the Bodleian form a fitting accompaniment 
to the place of their choice. And while the Metaphor well 
describes the character of that place whither men resort 
for refreshment amidst the work of the world and for the 
recruiting of mental strength for the doing of such work, so 
the Type well describes those who from the bowers gather 
sweetness and wealth, first for their own enriching and next 
for the enriching of others. Long then in these bowers 
may there be found busy hives of men- above all, those 
that gather thence, abundantly, such Wisdom as is pra 
melle ori. 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 
May 30, 1868. 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 

ANNALS i 

APPENDIX A. ACCOUNT OF A ' TARTAR LAMBSKIN ' CLOAK . 307 

B. VELLUM-PRINTED BOOKS, ADDED SINCE 1830 . 310 

C. LIST OF MSS. FROM MONASTIC AND OTHER 

LIBRARIES 313 

D. MSS. AND MISCELLANEOUS CURIOSITIES 
EXHIBITED IN THE LIBRARY AND PICTURE 

GALLERY 319 

E. NUMISMATIC COLLECTION 339 

F. PAST AND PRESENT OFFICERS OF THE LIBRARY . 341 

G. RULES OF THE LIBRARY 344 



LITHOGRAPH OF SHAKESPEARE-AUTOGRAPH, to face page 



ANNALS 



OF THE 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 






ANNALS 

OF THE 

BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 

T N the north-east corner of St. Mary's Church, a church full of 
nooks little known to ordinary visitors, is a dark vaulted cham- 
ber (dark, because its windows have been built up), whose doors, 
when opened, only now reveal the abiding-place of the University 
fire-engines. Here of old sat the Chancellor of the University, 
surrounded by the Doctors and Masters of the Great Congrega- 
tion, in a fashion which was formerly depicted in the great west 
window of St. Mary's Church, and is still represented on the 
University seal, and which, in the early part of the last cen- 
tury, was adopted by Dr. Richard Rawlinson as his book-plate, 
being engraved from the impression attached to his own diploma 
in Civil Law. Above this chamber there is another, lighted by four 
windows, containing forty-five feet in length and twenty in breadth, 
and now assigned as the lecture-room of the Professor of Law. 
Here was begun about 1367, and finally established and fur- 
nished in 1409, the first actual University Library, called after 
Bishop Thomas Cobham, of Worcester, who about 1320 (seven 
years before his death) had commenced preparations for the 
building of the room and the making provision for its contents 1 . 

1 When Duke Humphrey's Library was completed, and the books were removed 
thither, this upper room took the place of that beneath it as the Convocation 

B 2 



4 ANNALS OF THE 1345- 

Wood tells us that before this time there were indeed some 
books kept in chests in St. Mary's Church, which were to be 
lent out under pledges, as well as some chained to desks, 
which were only to be read in situ; but this University chest soon 
gave way to the formal Library, as, at a later period, another 
University chest was lost in funded investments and a banker's 
balance 1 . Another precursor of the general Library was found in 
the collection bequeathed to Durham College (on the site of which 
now stands Trinity College) in 1345 by one of its founders, the 
earnest lover and preserver of books, Philip of Bury ; he of that 
charming book, that 'tractatus vere pulcherrimus/ the Philobib- 
lion. He, who apostrophizes books as the masters who teach 
without flogging or fleecing, without punishment or payment; as 
ears of corn, full of grain, to be rubbed only by apostolic hands ; 
as golden pots of manna ; as Noah's ark and Jacob's ladder, and 
Joshua's stones of testimony and Gideon's lamps and David's 
scrip, and who says that in the noblest monasteries of England 
he found precious volumes defiled and injured by mice and worms, 
and abandoned to moths, gave strict injunctions for the care of 
the large collection, gathered from all quarters, with which he 
enriched his College 2 . It was to be free for purposes of study to 
all scholars, who might have the loan of any work of which there 

House, ' in which upper room,' says Hearne, ' was brave painted glass containing 
the arms of the benefactors, which painted glass continued till the times of the 
late rebellion.' (Bliss, Reliquiae Hearnianee, ii. 693.) 

1 The original treasure-chest, from which all academic money-grants are still said 
to be made, is preserved in the Bursary of Corpus Christi College, in which college 
it was kept in accordance with the statutes of the University, tit. xx. I. 

3 The Bishop's Bibliomania is thus noticed by a contemporary, W. de Chambre, 
in his Contimtatio Hist. Ditnelm. (Hist. Dunelm. Scriptt. tres ; Surtees Society, 
1839, p. 130): ' Iste summe delectabatur in multitudine librorum. Plures enim 
libros habuit, sicut passim dicebatur, quam omnes Pontifices Angliae. Et praeter eos 
quos habuit in diversis maneriis suis, repositos separatim, ubicunque cum sua 
familia residebat, tot libri jacebant sparsim in camera qua dormivit, quod ingredientes 
vix stare poterant vel incedere nisi librum aliquem pedibus conculcarent.' The 



-i 426 BODLEIAN LIBRARF. 5 

was a duplicate, provided they left a pledge exceeding it in value, 
but for purposes of transcription no volume was to go beyond the 
walls of the house. A register was to be kept, and a yearly visita- 
tion was to be held 1 . Some of these books, on the dissolution of 
the College by Henry VIII, are said to have been transferred to 
Duke Humphrey's Library, and some to Balliol College. 

The Librarian of Cobham's Library was also entitled Chaplain 
to the University, and as such was ordered, in 1412, to offer 
masses yearly for those who were benefactors of the University 
and Library, and was endowed with half a mark yearly, as well as 
with .5 issuing from the assize of bread and ale, which had been 
granted to the University by King Henry IV, who was also a 
principal contributor to the completion of the Library, and is 
therefore to this day duly remembered in the Bidding-Prayer at 
all the academic ' Commemorationes Solenniores.' But no trace 
remains of the devotional and sacred duties once attaching to the 
office, and laymen have been eligible to it from the time of 
Bodley's re-foundation. The old regal stipend, however, amount- 
ing at last to 6 13^. ^d., continued to be paid to the Librarian, 
until in 1856, by the revised code of statutes, various small 
payments were consolidated ; it is found entered in the annual 
printed accounts up to that year. 

'But not a score of years had passed after Cobham's Library 
had been actually completed and opened before the building of a 
room more worthy of the University was commenced. In 1426 
the University began to erect the present noble Divinity School 
for the exercises in that faculty; but as their own means soon 



bedroom of the late centenarian President of Magdalene College, Dr. Routh, was 
in this respect just like Bishop Bury's ; and as the latter sent his library from 
Durham to be in some sort a nucleus for an University Library at Oxford, so 
the former bequeathed his to Durham that it might assist the development of 
the University Library there. ' Pbilobiblion, cap. xix. 



6 ANNALS OF THE 1439. 

failed they betook themselves to all likely quarters to procure 
help. And Duke Humphrey of Gloucester, the patron of all 
learning 1 , and the fosterer of the New School of theological 
thought, the protector of Pecock, responded so liberally to the 
petition of the University for aid to the fabric of their Material 
School, that he is styled (says Wood) in the Bedell's Book its 
Founder, while the roof to this day perpetuates his memory among 
the shields of arms of benefactors with which its graceful pen- 
dants terminate. His gifts of money for the School were quickly 
followed by still larger gifts of books for the Library. Between 
the years 1439 an< 3 1446 he appears to have forwarded about 
600 MSS, which were for the time deposited in chests in Cob- 
ham's Library. The first donation, consisting of 129 volumes, 
was forwarded in November, 1439. The letter of thanks from 
Convocation is dated the 25th of that month, and on the same day 
a letter was sent to the House of Commons, to the ' ryght wor- 
shypfull syres, the Speker, knyghtes, and burges (sic) of the 
worshepfull parlament,' informing them that the Duke had mag- 
nified the University ' with a thousand pounds worth and more 
of preciose bokes,' and therefore beseeching their ' sage discre- 
cions to considere the gloriose gifts of the graciose prince .... 
for the comyn profyte and worshyp of the Reme, to thanke hym 
hertyly, and also prey Godde to thanke hym in tyme comyng wher 
goode dedys ben rewarded.' Statutes for the regulation of the 
gift were made on the same day, prayers appointed, and provision 

1 His love of literature was evinced by the motto which, according to Leland, 
was frequently written by him in his books : ' Moun bien mondain.' (Hearne's 
MS. Diary, xxxvi. 199.) Hearne, in his esteem for the memory of this 'religious, 
good, and learned Prince,' quaintly says that he used, whenever he saw his hand- 
writing in the Bodleian Library (where it occurs several times), ' to show a sort of 
particular respect' to it. (Preface to Langtoft, p. xx.) Was this 'sort of respect' 
a reverential kiss, such as that with which (as Warton in his Companion to the 
Guide tells us) he saluted the pavement of sheeps' trotters, supposed by him to be a 
Roman tesselated floor ? 



-1446 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 7 

made for the observance of the Duke's obit 1 . A catalogue of 364 
of the MSS. is printed, from the lists preserved in the University 
Register, p. 758, vol. ii. of Rev. H. Anstey's Documents Illustrative 
of Social and Academic Life at Oxford, published in the series 
of Chronicles issued by the Master of the Rolls. The extent of 
these gifts rendered the room at St. Mary's quite insufficient for 
the purpose to which it was assigned, and the University therefore, 
in a letter to the Duke, dated July 14, 1444, informed him of 
their intention to erect a more suitable building, of which (as a 
delicate way, probably, of bespeaking his aid towards the cost, 
as well as of testifying their gratitude for past benefactions) they 
formally offered him the title of Founder. In the subjoined note 
is given an extract from this letter (copied from the Register of 
Convocation), which is interesting from its description of the in- 
conveniences of the old room, and the advantages of the new 
site 2 . And this new building, first contemplated in A. D. 1444 

1 Register of Convoc. F., ff. 53 b , 54 b . The subsequent gifts are entered in the 
same Register as follows : 

1. Last day of Feb., 1440. A letter to thank the Duke for 126 volumes 
brought by John Kyrkeby. (f. 57 b .) 

2. Nov. 10, 1441. Letter acknowledging ten books (Treatises of Augustine, 
Rabanus, c,) received through Will. Say, proctor, and John Kyrkeby. 
(rT. 59 "-6o.) 

3. Jan. 25, 1443. Letter of thanks for 139 volumes, (f. 63.) 

4. Oct. 1443. Letter for another gift, number of volumes not specified, 
(f. 66.) 

5. Feb. 25, 1443 (-4 ?). Catalogue of 135 volumes, (ff. 67~68 b .) 

6. Feb. 1446. Letter of thanks for another gift, not specified, (f. 75 b .) 

2 ' Nemo illos [libros] sine admiratione conspicit, cunctis una voce testantibus, 

se nunquam libros tanta claritate conspicuos, tanta gravitate refertos vidisse 

Et ut per hoc, si quid maximo addi possit, tantae munificentiae gloria fiat illustrior, 
optamus sacram et celebrem scientiarum sedem reparari, ubi honorificentius et 
ad utilitatem studentium multo commodius libri vestri, ab aliis segregati, collo- 
centur. Jam enim si quis, ut fit, uni libro inhaereat, aliis studere volentibus ad 
tres vel quatuor pro vicinitate colligationis praecludit accessum. Itaque locus huic 
rei nobis maxime videtur idoneus ubi venerabilis vir, modo Cancellarius noster, 
semper reverendus pater amantissimus Magister Thomas Chace, spectabilem 



8 ANNALS OF THE 144? 

and finished about 1480, forms now the central portion of the 
great Reading-Room, still retaining its old advantages of con- 
venience and of seclusion ' a strepitu saeculari.' 

The Duke's MSS. were, as became the object of his gift, very 
varied in character. With works in Divinity are mingled in the 
catalogue a large number in Medicine and Science, together with 
some in lighter literature, amongst which latter are found no less 
than seven MSS. of Petrarch and three of Boccaccio. Some 
additional MSS, being ' all the Latyn bokes that he had,' together 
with 100 towards the completion of the ' Divyne Scoles/ which 
the Duke had intended to bequeath, but the formal bequest of 
which was prevented by his dying intestate in 1447, were sub- 
sequently procured, although with considerable difficulty 1 . But 
only three out of the whole number of his MSS. are now 
known to exist in the present Library. One of these is a fine 
copy of books iv.-ix. of Valerius Maximus, with the commentary 
by D. de Burgo, and with an index by John de Whethamstede, 
Abbot of St. Alban's (now marked, Auctarium, F. infra, i. i 2 ); 
the second is a translation by L. Aretine of the Politics of 
Aristotle (marked, Auct. F. v. 27); and the third, the Epistles 
of Pliny (Auct. F. ii. 23). The first bears the Duke's arms; 

novarum Scolarum fabricam ad caetera sux virtutis testimonia insigni mensura ab 
humo erexit, quam nos cito, quoad exigua suppetebat facultas, promovimus. Hie 
locus, propterea quod a strepitu saeculari removetur, Bibliotecz admodum videtur 
conveniens, cujus fundationis titulum, si Magnanimitati vestrae acceptabilis fucrit, 
cum omni devotione offerrimus.' Register F. if. 7l b , 73. We find from an entry 
on the latter page that on January 13, 1444 (-5), 'liber Platonis in Phedro' 
(sic) was lent by Convocation to the Duke. 

1 They were not received by August, 1450, on the 28th of which month a letter 
was written from Convocation to Thomas Bokelonde, Esq., and John Summerset, 
M.D., on the subject. (Register F. ff. 88 b -9.) 

* It contains inscriptions recording its gift by Whethamstede ' ad usum scolarium 
studencium Oxonias,' with anathemas upon those who should alienate it, or 
destroy, were it but its title: 'Si quis rapiat, raptim titulumve retractet, vel Judse 
laqueum vel furcas sensiat.' 



1447 BODLEIAN LIBRARl'. 9 

the second has an original dedication to him by the translator ; 
the last (which was restored to the University by Dr. Robert 
Master, Oct. 30, 1620) contains his own autograph. Six MSS. 
now in the British Museum, which formerly belonged to the 
Duke, are described in Sir H. Ellis' Letters of Eminent Literary 
Men, (printed by the Camden Society,) pp. 357-8. Two of 
these appear in the List of Humphrey's benefaction to Oxford ; 
for Harl. 1 705, which is a translation of Plato's Politics by Peter 
Candidus, or White, who gave it to the Duke, is doubtless the 
book entered at the end of the List as ' Item, novam traduc- 
tionem totius Politeise Platonicse ; ' while Cotton, Nero. D. v., the 
Acts of the Council of Constance, appears at fol. 67. Another 
of these six MSS, Harl. 988, is an anonymous commentary on 
the Canticles 1 , which formerly belonged to Sir Robert Cotton, and 
which contains an inscription by him intended to commemorate 
his returning it to the University Library in 1602. It came into 
Harley's- possession amongst Bishop Stillingfleet's MSS, all of 
which were bought by him. A letter from Wanley to Hearne, 
in which the book is mentioned, is preserved in the Bodleian in 
a Rawlinson MS. (Letters xvii.) under date of Oct. 13, 1714, 
Hearne's reply to which is printed by Sir H. Ellis, ubi supra; 
while Wanley's rejoinder is also found in the above MS, dated 
Oct. 27, in which he says, ' As for my Lord's MS. of the Canticles, 
designed for the Bodleyan Library by Sir Robert Cotton, I know 
not how you find it to have once belonged to Humphrey, duke of 
Gloucester. My Lord has indeed two of his books, which we 
know to have been his, for certain ; because one of them (which 
was given to his Lordship) hath a note therein of his hand-writing, 
and the other hath his armes and stile on the outside, as also 
his library-mark. This last (which was bought of Sir Simonds 

1 Two treatises on the Canticles, by Gilbert Porret and Musca, were contained in 
the Duke's first ift to Oxford. (Anstey, vol. ii. p. 759.) 



io ANNALS OF THE 1449- 

D'Ewes), together with the Cotton MS. of the Canticles, I be- 
sought his Lordship to give to the University for your Library, 
and I hope his Lordship will do so in a little time.' Another 
of the Duke's books, being Capgrave's Commentary on 
Genesis, which occurs in the second list of those given to the 
University, is now in the library of Oriel College. One volume, 
containing, among other philosophical treatises, Plato's Phcedo, 
Timceus, &c, with the Duke's autograph, ' Cest livre a moy Homfrey 
due de Gloucestre' (given to him by an Abbot of St. Alban's) is 
in Corpus Christi College, 243. And a copy of Wickliffe's Bible, 
in two volumes, which bears Humphrey's arms, is amongst the 
Egerton MSS. (617-8), Brit. Mus. 

The large increase of treasures which these benefactions brought 
to the University probably caused the first institution of a formal 
Visitation. On Nov. 29, 1449, we find that Visitors were ap- 
pointed by Congregation for the purpose of receiving from the 
Chaplain an account of the books contained in the Library 1 . 

Duke Humphrey was followed in the good work of the Divinity 
School and Library by another whose name still retains its place 
in the formal list of benefactors, Bishop Thomas Kempe, of Lon- 
don, who, besides contributing very largely in money towards the 
completion of the former, sent some books to the latter in 1487, 
some seven years after the new room had been finally completed 
and opened for use. But Antony Wood (in whose pages records of 
other benefactors may be found) tells us that very few years 
passed before the Library began to lose some of its newly-acquired 
treasures ; for Scholars borrowed books upon petty and insuffi- 
cient pledges, and so chose to forfeit the latter rather than return 
the former 2 , while tradition reported that Polydore Virgil, the 

1 Wood MS. F. 27. (Bodl. Libr.) 

" A sale of a collection of (apparently) these forfeited pledges, or else of books 
deposited as securities for loans of money, took place in the year 1546. On Jan. 18, 



-i55o BODLEIAN LIBRARY. n 

historian, being at length refused any further opportunities of ab- 
straction, obtained a special licence from Henry VIII for the 
taking out any MS. for his use ! From this traditionary report 
Sir H. Ellis, in his introduction to a translation of Virgil's history, 
printed for the Camden Society in 1844, endeavours to vindicate 
his author's reputation, but more by conjecture than evidence. 
In 1513 a Chaplain and Librarian was elected, named Adam 
Kirkebote 1 . The new Librarian, soon after, supplicated Congre- 
gation that on Festival Days he should not be bound to open 
the Library before twelve o'clock ; a practice which, commencing 
at that day, does still unto this (the Library on Holy Days during 
Term being now not opened until the conclusion of the Univer- 
sity sermon, at eleven o'clock) witness to the religious spirit which 
pervades all the old institutions of Oxford. In 1527, when one 
Flecher was Chaplain, it is recorded 2 that ' Magister ' Claymond 
(doubtless the President of Corpus Christi College, of that name) 
was permitted by vote of Congregation to take Pliny's Natural 
History out of the Library. In 1543 Humphrey Burnford was 
elected Chaplain on Oct. 31, in the room of Whytt, de- 
ceased 3 . It was probably during his tenure of office that the 
Library was destroyed. For in 1550 the Commissioners deputed 
by Edward VI for reformation of the University visited the Libra- 
ries in the spirit of John Knox, destroying, without examina- 
tion, all MSS. ornamented by illuminations or rubricated initials 
as being eminently Popish, and leaving the rest exposed to any 
chance of injury and robbery. The traditions which Wood has 

1545-6, the following decree passed Convocation: ' Decretum est authoritate 
Convocationis Magnae ut cistae in domo inferior! sub domo Congregations, et 
omnes libri pro pignoribus jacentes, aut etiam alii in eadem domo invent!, ven- 
derentur, secundum arbitrium quinque in eadem Convocatione eligendorum. Elect! 
itaquc sunt et a Vice-Cancellario admissi ibidem, Doctor Standishe, Mr. Parrel, 
procurator, Mr. Slythers, Mr. Symomis, et Mr. Wattsone.' Reg. I. 107''. 
1 Wood MS. F. 27. ' Ibid. 3 Ibid. fol. 94". 



12 ANNALS OF THE 1556- 

recorded as having been learned at the mouths of aged men who 
had in their turn received them from those who were contempo- 
raneous with the Visitation, are abundantly confirmed by the well- 
known descriptions of Leland and Bale of what went on in other 
places, and therefore, although no direct documentary evidence of 
the proceedings of the spoilers is known to exist, we may believe 
that Wood's account of- pillage and waste, of MSS. burned, and 
sold to tailors for their measures, to bookbinders for covers, and 
the like, until not one remained in situ, is not a whit exaggerated. 
One solitary entry there is, however, in the University Register 
(I. fol. i57 a ), which, while it records the completion of the 
catastrophe, sufficiently thereby corroborates the story of all 
that preceded, viz. the entry which tells that in Convocation on 
Jan. 25, 1555-6, 'electi sunt hii venerabiles viri, Vice-cancellarius 
et Procuratores, Magister Morwent, prseses Corporis Christi, 
et Magister Wright, ad vendenda subsellia librorum in publica 
Academise bibliotheca, ipsius Universitatis nomine.' The books 
of the ' public ' library had all disappeared ; what need then 
to retain the shelves and stalls, when no one thought of re- 
placing their contents, and when the University could turn an 
honest penny by their sale? and so the venerabiles viri made a 
timber-yard of Duke Humphrey's treasure-house. 



But four years after the final despoiling of the Library 
there was an undergraduate entered at Magdalen College, 
who, by the good Providence which always out of evil brings 
somewhat to counterpoise and correct, was to be moved by 
the sight of the ruin and desolation to restore what his seniors 
had destroyed, and to reconstruct the old Plantagenet's Li- 



-1598 BODLE1AX LIBRARY. 13 

brary on such a basis, and with such means for carrying 
on its re- edification, that the glory of the latter house should 
soon eclipse that of the former. All around him he doubtless 
found traces of the recent destruction; his stationer may have 
sold him books bound in fragments of those MSS. for which 
the University but a century before had consecrated the 
memory of the donors in her solemn prayers; the tailor who 
measured him for his sad-coloured doublet, may have done it 
with a strip of parchment brilliant with gold, that had conse- 
quently been condemned as Popish, or covered with strange 
symbols of an old heathen Greek's devising, that probably passed 
for magical and unlawful incantations. And the soul of the 
young student must have burned with shame and indignation 
at the apathy which had not merely tolerated this destruction by 
strangers, but had contentedly assisted in carrying it out to its 
thorough completion. Himself a successful student, he became 
eager to help others to whom thus the advantages of a library 
were denied ; and, for a while without fee or reward, undertook 
a public Greek lecture in the Hall of Merton College, to which 
college he had been elected in 1563'. And when, after years thus 
spent in academic pursuits, THOMAS BODLEY betook himself to 
diplomatic service abroad, he still, amidst all the distractions of 
foreign and domestic politics, preserved his affection for the scenes 
and the studies of his early familiarity. So, when the days came 

1 Bodley appears to have been altogether an accomplished linguist. James, in the 
preface to the first Catalogue of 1605, after speaking of his proficiency in the classical 
languages, adds, ' Linguas vero exoticas, veluti Italicam, Gallicam, Hispanicam, 
Hebraeam przcipue, czterarum omnium parentem, tarn perfecte callet, ut illo 
neminem fere scientiorem invenies.' And in one of four letters addressed to him on 
the interpretation of passages in the Old Testament, which are printed among the 
Epistles of J. Drusius, De Qvcesitis (1595, p. 40), Drusius says, ' Vere dicam, 
Bodlaee, et intdligis optimc litteras Hebrzas, et anias unice earum peritos.' The 
same volume contains also one letter to his brothers, Laurence, Miles, and Josias, 
on the Pastor of Hennas. 



M ANNALS OF THE 1598- 

wherein statecraft began to weary him and Courts ceased to charm, 
his thoughts reverted to the place where, free from these, he might 
still, although in a more private capacity, labour for the good 
of the commonwealth ; he remembered the room once precious 
to students, ' scientiarum sedes,' as the University had called it 
of old, but now destitute alike both of science and of seats. 
' And thus,' says he himself, ' I concluded at the last to set up my 
staff at the Library-door in Oxon; being thoroughly persuaded 
that, in my solitude and surcease from the commonwealth-affairs, 
I could not busy myself to better purpose than by reducing that 
place (which then in every part lay ruined and waste) to the 
publick use of students 1 .' So therefore, on Feb. 23, 1597-8, 
he wrote a letter to the Vice-Chancellor, offering that whereas 
' there hath bin heretofore a publike library in Oxford, which, 
you know, is apparant by the roome itself remayning, and by 
your statute records, I will take the charge and cost upon me, 
to reduce it again to his former use,' first by fitting it up with 
shelves and seats, next by procuring benefactions of books, and 
lastly by endowing it with an annual rent 2 . This offer being 
accepted with great gratitude, other letters followed from him 
in March, in which he desired that delegates should be chosen to 
consider the best mode of fitting up the room, and mentioned an 
offer on the part of his own College, Merton, to provide timber 
for the purpose. Two years were spent in the carrying out of 
this work and in the preliminary arrangements. Amongst these 
preparations was the putting up the beautiful roof which to this 
day is such an object of deserved admiration. It is divided into 
square compartments, on each of which are painted the arms of 

1 Reliqui<e Bodleiance, p. 14. 

2 This letter (with the subsequent correspondence) is printed by Hearne, at the 
end of the Chronicle of John of Glastonbury. vol. ii. p. 612, from the Reg. 
of Convoc. M<*. f. 31". 



-i6oo BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 15 

the University, being the open Bible, with seven seals 1 , between 
three ducal crowns, on the open pages of which are the words 
(so truly fitting for a Christian School) ' DOMINUS Illuminalio 
mea 2 ;' while on bosses that intervene between each compartment 
are painted the arms of Bodley himself, being five martlets with 
a crescent for difference, quartered with the arms of Hone (his 
mother's family), two bars wavy between three billets ; on a chief 
the three ducal crowns of the University shield, ' quarum merito 
gloriam ab Academia derivavit.' (Wake, Rex Platon. p. 12.) The 
striking motto ' Quarta perennis erit ' was assigned to Bodley 
at the same time with this academic augmentation 3 . When, in 
1 6 10, the eastern wing of the Library was erected, a similar 
roof was added, as was also done to the Picture Gallery (built 
between 1613-1619); in the latter room the roof, having become 
decayed and out of repair, was unhappily altogether removed in the 
year 1831, and a plaster ceiling, divided into compartments, sub- 
stituted. A few of the panels of this roof have been preserved, 
one bearing the figures of two cats, which used to be an object of 
interest to juvenile visitors, and a series bearing the letters which 
compose Sir Thomas Bodley's name, together with a portrait of 
him upon a centre panel. A high-backed arm-chair, the Libra- 
rian's seat of office in the Library, was formed out of oak from 

1 Most probably intended to refer to the Apocalyptic book (Rev. v. i.), and to 
signify the unsealing of Divine Revelation, the fountain of all wisdom, by our 
Blessed Lord. Sir J. Wake prefers to take the seven seals as representing the 
seven liberal arts. 

2 The motto appears to have varied. It is sometimes given in titles of books 
printed at Oxford about the time of James I, as ' Sapientiz et Felicitatis ; ' and in 
an heraldic MS. of the seventeenth century as ' XX. Exod. Decem . . . Omnipotens 
mandata. Verbum Dei manet in eternum. Amen." (Rawl. B. xl. f. 8l.) Others 
[have] this, ' Veritas liberabit, Bonitas regnabit;' and others this, ' In principle erat 
Verbum,' &c. (Hearne, in Rawl. MS. C. 876, f. 51.) 

3 Wake notices it as a singular coincidence that the Library was first opened 
on the day of the ' Quatuor coronati Martyres,' Nov. 8, whom, bv mistake, he calls 
1 Tres.' 



1 6 .LVNALS OF THE 1600 

the roof, and an engraving hangs in the Gallery which represents 
the room before its change for the worse. 

On June 25, 1600, Bodley wrote to the Vice-Chancellor, 
mentioning that, as the mechanical work was now brought to 
a good pass, he had begun to busy himself in the gathering 
of books, and had provided a Register for the enrolment of 
the names of all benefactors, with particulars of their gifts. This 
Register (formerly, like all the books in folio, chained to its desk), 
consisting of two large folio volumes, on vellum, now lies on a 
table in the great room, and is an object of notice by most 
visitors. The volumes are ornamented exteriorly with silver-gilt 
bosses on their massy covers, on which are engraved the arms 
of Bodley and those of the University, and interiorly in many 
places with the donors' coats of arms painted in their proper 
colours, and with various devices. Vol. i. extends from 1600 
to 1688, containing 428 pages in double columns ; and com- 
mences with a printed record of the gifts for the first four years, 
on pp. 1-90. The following printed title is prefixed : ' Munificen- 
tissimis atque optimis cujusvis ordinis, dignitatis, sexus, qui Bib- 
liothecam hanc libris, aut pecuniis numeratis ad libros coemendos, 
aliove quovis genere ampliarunt, Thomas Bodleius, eques aura- 
tus, honorarium hoc volumen, in quod hujuscemodi donationes, 
simulque nomina donantium singillatim referuntur, pietatis, me- 
moriae, virtutisque causa, dedit, dedicavit.' A paragraph follows, 
which mentions Bodley's own work of refitting and endowing, and 
notes that his own large gifts are not entered because he hopes 
throughout his life to make continually large additions. The 
whole of this title is printed in the preface to James' first Cata- 
logue, issued in 1605, who was probably part- writer of it 1 . Wake 
(Rex Plalonicus, p. 120) speaks of the Register, ' aureis umbilicis 

1 See Reliquiae Bodleianac, p. 15*. 



1600 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 17 

fibulisque fulgidum,' as always lying ' eminentissimo loco,' a pro- 
minent object of notice to all who entered the Library. Vol. ii. 
extends from 1692 to 1795, ending in the middle of the volume, 
on p. 216 ; but there is reason to fear that there are many omis- 
sions in the later portion of its period. Each volume has an 
index of names. The gifts of the principal donors, as recorded 
in this Register up to its close, are printed in Gutch's edition of 
Wood's History, vol. ii. part ii. pp. 920-950. It will not be ne- 
cessary, therefore, to mention here the names of many, but of such 
only as are 'e principibus principes.' From the year 1796 inclusive, 
when the gifts of donors began to be entered in the annual printed 
catalogues of purchases and statements of accounts, this MS. 
Register ceased to be used. 

Among the first and largest benefactors in the year 1600 occur 
Lord Buckhurst (afterwards Earl of Dorset), the Earl of Essex, 
Lords Hunsdon, Montacute, [editions of the Fathers], Lisle (after- 
wards Leicester), Lumley 1 , and William Gent, who gave a large 
collection of books, chiefly medical. 

Many volumes were given about this time by Bodley, which had 
been collected in Italy by Bill, the London bookseller, who was 
employed by Sir Thomas to travel on the Continent as his agent 
for this purpose. 

The famous copy of the French Romance of Alexander (now 
numbered Bodl. 264) must have been one of the MSS. given by 
Bodley himself at the commencement of his work, as it is found 
entered in the printed Catalogue of 1605, but does not occur in 
the Benefactors' Register. It is decorated with a large number 
of beautiful paintings on a chequered background of gold and 
colour ; but its special interest lies in the illustrations at the foot of 

1 One of the books given by Lord Lumley has the autograph of Cranmer, 
' Thomas Cantuarien.,' on the title-page. The book, appositely enough, bears the 
title of Sicbardi Antidotnm contra diversas omnium fere s-rciilortim b<ere*< 
Bas. 1528. 

C 



1 8 ANNALS OF THE 1600- 

about half the pages, which exhibit the most quaint and grotesque 
representations of customs, trades, amusements, dress, &c, of the 
time. Some of these were engraved by Strutt ; and four specimens, 
together with one of the larger miniatures illustrating the text, are 
given by Dibdin in his Bill. Decam. vol. i., where, at pp. 198-201, 
he discourses, in his own peculiar fashion, on the merits of the 
volume. A notice of the book may also be found in Warton's 
Hist, of Engl. Poetry, edit. 1840, vol. i. p. 142. At f. 208 is the 
following colophon, which is of much interest, as affording evidence 
that the work of the painter occupied upwards of five years : 

' Che define li romans du boin roi Alixandre, 
Et les veus du pavon, les accomplissemens, 
Le Restor du pavon et le pris, qui fu perescript 
Le xviii e ior de Decembre, Ian M.ccc.xxxviii. 
Explicit iste liber, scriptor sit crimine liber, 
Xpristus scriptorem custodial ac act honorem. 

(In gold letters.) ' Che liure fu perfais de le enluminure au xviii e jour dauryl. Per 
Jehan de grise, Lan de grace, M.ccc.xliij.' 

This is followed by a continuation (of later date) of the 
romance, in Northern-English verse, on seven leaves 1 ; and lastly, 
by a French Romance of the 'grant kaan a la graunt cite de 
Tambaluc.' A scribe's name is given in the following lines on 
f. 208, but in a hand apparently not that of any part of the book : 

' Laus tibi sit Christe, quoniam liber explicit iste." 
Nomen scriptoris est Thomas Plenus Amoris 2 .' 

The earliest owner's name occurring in the volume is that of 

1 Printed by Rev. J. Stevenson at the end of the Romance of Alexander, edited by 
him for the Roxburghe Club in 1849, from Ashmole MS. 44. 

2 Plemts-Amoris, or Fnllalove, seems to have been the name of a family of 
scribes. But the expression seems often also to have been used for the mere sake 
of rhyme. In the colophon of a translation of Alan Chartier in Rawl. A. 338, are 
these lines : ' Nomen scriptoris, 

Dei gracia, Plenus Amoris : 

Careat meroris 
Deus det sibi omnibus horis.' 

Peter Plenus-Amoris was the scribe of Fairfax 6; Thomas, of Univ. Coll. MS. 



-i6oi BODLEIAN LIBRARY. i 9 

' Richart de Widevelle, seigneur de Rivieres/ recorded in an 
inscription on the cover at the end, which proceeds to say that ' le 
dist Seigneur acetast le dist liure Ian de grace mille cccclxvi. 
le premier jour de Ian a Londres.' Rivers' own autograph follows 
('Ryverys'), with some words in French, written in a perfectly 
frantic scrawl. Subsequent owners were ' Gyles Strangwayes' and 
'Jaspere Ffylolle' (whose signatures are engraved by Dibdin, ubi 
supra), and 'Thomas SmytheV 

A.D. 1601. 

It is from this date that our notes on the history of the Library 
can begin to assume an annalistic form. A gift of 20 from Herbert 
.Westphaling, Bishop of Hereford, was expended in the purchase 
of books with great success ; no fewer than thirty were obtained, 
and amongst them were, 'Evangelia quatuor Saxonica, lingua et 
charactere vetustiss.,' being the MS. from which John Foxe had 
taken the text of the Saxon Gospels in the edition published at 
the expense of Archbishop Parker in 1571, and which was sub- 
sequently re-edited by Junius. It is now numbered, Bodl. MS. 441. 
An early edition (qu. editio prtnceps />) of the Gospels in the Russian 
language (now placed among the Bodley MSS. 213) appears among 
some books given by Sir Henry Savile 2 , whose brother-historian 
and antiquary, William Camden, is also registered as the donor 
of a few MSS. and printed books. Thomas Allen, M.A., of 

142 ; William, of All Souls' 51 ; Geoffrey, of Sloane 513 (Brit. Mus.) In the follow- 
ing instances the name appears to be used only rhythmically : 

'Nomen scriptoris est Jhon Wilde plenus amoris.' (Rawlinson B. 214.) 

' Nomen scriptoris Jon. semper plenus amoris, 
Esteby cognomen, cui semper det Deus homen' (sic). (Bodl. 643.) 

1 Probably this book is the ' large liure en fraunceis tresbien esluminez de le 
Rymance de Alexandra,' once in the library of Tho. of Woodstock, Duke of Glouc. 
See Mr. Coxe's pref. to Gower's Vox Clam. (Roxb. Club, 1850.) p. 50. 

2 Savile's benefactions were continued in the years 1609 and 1614, and in 1620 
he sent a large number of Greek and Latin MSS. 



C 2 



2O 



ANNALS OF THE 1601 



Gloucester Hall, the astrologer, gave twenty MSS 1 ; the rest of 
his collection came subsequently to the Library, included in that 
of Sir Kenelm Digby, to whom Allen had bequeathed it. One of 
the twenty now given was an extremely curious volume, chiefly 
written in the ninth century (marked Auctarium F. iv. 32), including 
in its contents an original drawing (engraved in Hickes' Thesaurus, 
p. 144) by St. Dunstan of himself as prostrate at the feet of the 
throned Christ 2 , a grammatical tract by Eutychius (or Eutex, as 
the scribe calls him, while professing doubt as to the right form), 
with Welsh glosses (noticed by Lhuyd in his Arcfxzol. Brit. p. 226) ; 
the first book of Ovid De Arte amandi, with similar glosses 3 ; and 
lections in Greek and Latin from the Prophets and Pentateuch, 
amongst which is one from Hosea containing, in the Latin version, 
a line or two unlike any known early version, (although faithful to 
the Hebrew), but found also in a quotation in Gildas 4 . Capt. Josias 

1 In the year 1604 he appears again as the donor of some printed books. A notice 
of one of his MSS. (now Bodl. 198), which once belonged to Bishop Grosteste, was by 
him given to the Friars Minor at Oxford, and by them, about 1433, to Gascoigne, 
who presented it to Durham College, is to be found in Walton's Life of Sir T. Pope, 
1772, PP- 392-3. The volume contains MS. notes by both Grosteste and 
Gascoigne. 

2 Another relic of Dunstan is preserved among the Hatton MSS. No. 30 of that 
collection. ' Expositio Augustini in Apocalypsin,' written in Anglo-Saxon characters, 
has the following inscription in large letters on the last leaf: ' Dunstan abbas hunc 
libellum scribere jussit.' 

3 These glosses, together with an ' Alphabetum Nemnivi' in Runic characters, (of 
which a facsimile is given in Hickes' Thesaurus, p. 168), and some Welsh and Latin 
notes on weights and measures, are printed, with copious notes, by Zeuss in his 
Grammatica Celtica, 8vo. Leipz. 1853, vol. ii. pp. 1076-96. The MS. is described 
also in Wanley's Catalogue, p. 63, and the latest account of it, together with a fac- 
simile from the tract by Eutychius, is to be found in Villemarque's Notice des princi- 
paitx MSS. des ancient Bretons, 8vo. Par. 1856. And the Alphabet of Nemnivus, 
together with another, and somewhat later, Runic Alphabet (of the 'winged' form), 
found in Bodl. MS. 572, is printed at pp. 10-12 of the Ancient Welsh Grammar 
of Edeyrn, edited for the Welsh MSS. Soc. in 1856 by Rev. John Williams, ab 
Uhel. 

* This reading was pointed out to the author by Rev. A. W. Haddan, B.D. 



i6oi BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 21 

Bodley 1 gave an astronomical sphere and other instruments in 
brass, which now stand in the south window adjoining the entrance 
to the Library. But the great benefactor of the year was the 
newly-appointed Librarian, Thomas James, who gave various 
MSS., chiefly patristic (which, however, Wood says, ' he had taken 
out of several College libraries '), and sixty printed volumes. 
From the first preparation of the new foundation Bodley had 
fixed upon James, then a Fellow of New College, as his Library- 
Keeper. The volume of letters published by Hearne (from Bodl. 
MS. 699) in 1703, under the title of Reliquice Bodleiante, consists 
chiefly of those which the Founder addressed to James while his 
collection of books was in process of formation, but unfortunately 
they have no dates of years, and Hearne printed them simply as 
they came into his hands, without any attempt to determine their 
order of sequence. We learn from these that James' salary at the 
outset was .5 13^. ^d. quarterly; but almost at once he threatened 
to ' strike' unless it were raised to an annual stipend of 30 or 
40, while at the same time he demanded permission to marry. 
This latter requisition appeared particularly grievous to Bodley, 
who had made celibacy a stringent condition in his Statutes, and 
he forthwith expostulated strongly with his Librarian on these his 
'unseasonable and unreasonable motions' (p. 52). The upshot, 
however, was that Bodley, very unwillingly, consented to become 
the ' first breaker' of his own institution, (which ' hereafter,' he says, 
'I purpose to become inviolable/) and, for the love he bore to 
James, allowed him to marry 2 . But it was not until the year 1813 
that the Statute was altered and the Librarian released from his 
obligation of perpetual celibacy, and even then, by a singular 



1 Afterwards Sir Josias, a younger brother of Sir Thomas, and Governor of Dun- 
cannon in Ireland, author of a humorous Latin tour in Lecale (a barony in the 
county of Down), which, although not unfrequently met with in MS, has never yet 
been printed Keli'jttia: Bodl. p. 162. So- .tl-.ii j>. iS; 



22 



ANNALS OF THE 1601- 



and unmeaning compromise, it was ordered that he, as well as 
the Under-Librarians, should be unmarried at the time of election. 
The whole restriction was, however, finally removed on the revision 
of the Statutes in 1856. But its infringement appears to have 
been again tolerated, in one instance, at least, during the 
last century, viz. in the case of Dr. Hudson. Hearne 1 enters 
the following 'memorandum' of uncharitable hearsay gossip re- 
specting his quondam chief and friend : ' Dr. Hudson was married 
when he was elected Librarian. His first wife was one Biesley. 
That he hath now is his second. It is said that he was married to 
this Biesley when he was Taberder of Queen's. The Dr. hath been 
of a loose, profligate, and irreligious life, as I have often heard. 
The family of the Harrisons he is married into now is good for 
just nothing, being as stingy (if it can be) as himself.' 

A.D. 1602. 

The largest pecuniary donor of this year was Blount, Lord 
Mountjoy (afterwards Earl of Devon), who forwarded 100 to Sir 
T. Bodley from Waterford; which were expended upon books in 
most classes of literature, including music. Among various gifts 
of MSS. were some Russian volumes from Lancelot Browne, M.D., 
and (together with Persian, Finnish, &c.) from Sir Rich. Lee, 
ambassador in Muscovy. Lord Cobham gave 5 in money, with 
the promise of 'divers MSS. out of St. Augustin's library in 
Canterbury 2 .' ' Biblia Latina pulcherrima,' 2 vols. fol. was given by 
George Rives, Warden of New College. This is probably a huge 
and magnificent specimen of twelfth-century work, now numbered 
Auctarium, E. infra, i, 2 3 . But the year was specially marked by 
the donation of 47 MSS. (including some early English volumes) 
from Walter (afterwards Sir Walter) Cope ; and above all, by the 



1 Diary, vol. Iviii. p. 157. * Reliqui* Bodl. p. 

ibid, pp 13" and 219. 



-i6o2 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 23 

gift, from the Dean and Chapter of Exeter to their fellow-country- 
man Bodley, of 81 Latin MSS. from their Chapter Library. By 
what right they thus alienated their corporate property no one 
probably cared to enquire; but, from the tokens of neglect still 
visible upon the books, we may conclude that only by this alienation 
were they in all likelihood saved from ultimate destruction: for 
they nearly all bear more or less sign of having been exposed to 

-great damp, which in several instances has well-nigh destroyed the 
initial and final leaves. Most of them are beautiful specimens of 

^arly penmanship, ranging chiefly from the eleventh century to the 
thirteenth; and amongst them is that precious relic of English 
Church offices, the Service-book given to Exeter Cathedral by 
Bishop Leofric in the reign of Edward Conf., described in the Re- 
gistrum Benefactorum' simply as 'Missale antiquissimum.' This 
is happily perfect ; in size a small and thick quarto volume, written 
on very stout vellum, and containing 377 leaves. Four other 
volumes (possibly more) were also gifts of Leofric to his Church ; 
they are now numbered Auct. D. II. 16 (the four Gospels), 
Auct. F. I. 15 (Boethius and Persius), Auct. F. III. 6 (Pru- 
dentius), and Bodley MS. 708 (Gregory's Pastorale.) They 
each contain an inscription in Latin and Anglo-Saxon, vary- 
ing in expression, but all to the following effect (as in the last- 
mentioned volume) : ' Hunc librum dat Leofricus episcopus 
ecclesiae Sancti Petri Apostoli in Exonia ad sedem suam episco- 
palem, pro remedio animae suae, ad utilitatem successorum suorum. 
Siquis autem ilium inde abstulerit, perpetuae maledictioni subjaceat. 
Fiat. Da) - hoc gep leoppic b. into See petper minprpe on exancejtpe 
|nx?p hij- bifcoprtol if. hiy aepceppihsenbu to mttpeojv&nip-e. 3 jip 
hig hpa ut setbpebe haebbe he ece jenrSepunge nub eallu beoplum. 
'Km..' To the MS. of the Gospels are prefixed very curious lists in 
Anglo-Saxon of the lands, vestments, books, &c, given by Leofric 
to his Church, and of relics given by King Athelstan (of which 



24 ANNALS OF THE 1602- 

another copy is preserved in the Missal) ; these lists are printed in 
the Monasticon, and the titles of the books are given in Wanley's 
Catalogue (p. 80). 

The Library being now supplied with upwards of 2000 volumes, 
it was solemnly opened on Nov. 8 (the day appointed for the 
annual visitation,) by the Vice-Chancellor, with a procession of 
doctors and delegates. Meeting them at the door of the room, 
the Librarian hastily extemporized a short speech in honour of the 
occasion, ' in qua,' as the University Register records, ' tribus ferine 
versibus amplexus est omnia.' 

A.D. 1603. 

Sir Walter Raleigh appears in this year as a donor of 50. He 
is sometimes said to have procured for Oxford the library of 
Hieron. Osorius, which was carried off from Faro in Portugal (of 
which place Osorius had been bishop), when that town was 
captured by the English fleet under the Earl of Essex in 1598. 
Raleigh was a captain in the squadron, and probably influenced 
the disposal of the books ; but no direct mention has been found of 
his name in relation to them. Sir William Monson, in the account 
of the expedition given in his Naval Tracts, only says that the 
library ' was brought into England by us, and many of the books 
bestowed upon the new erected library of Oxford.' Eleven MSS. 
were given by Sir Rob. Cotton, of which the list in the Register is 
printed in Sir H. Ellis' Letters of Eminent Literary Men, issued by 
the Camden Society in 1843 (p. 103). One of these (Auct. D. II. 
1 4) is the MS. of the Gospels, traditionally believed to be one of 
those two copies of the old Italic version sent by St. Gregory to 
St. Augustine in Britain, which were preserved in St. Augustine's 
Abbey, Canterbury 1 ; of which the other now exists among Archbp. 
Parker's MSS. in Corp. Chr. Coll. Cambr., No. 286. They are 

1 Wanley. p. 172. Elmham's Hi t Mm. S. Aug. 1858, pp. 97, 8. 



-1604 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 25 

both written in quarto, in uncial letters and double columns. Their 
date may possibly be somewhat later than that which is traditionally 
assigned ; but at any rate they are certainly among what the his- 
torian Elmham calls ' primitise librorum totius ecclesiae Anglicanae.' 
On the last fly-leaf of the Bodley MS. is the following list of 
English Priests' libraries, 'pas bocas haueft Salomon prst. fis 
pecodspel tjiaht. 3 pemaptypluia 3 pe (erased] -] pe seglisce saltepe 
^ pe cpranc 3 e tropere 3 pulf mep cild peatteleuaui (' Ad Te 
levavi.') 3 pistelari j pe (erased) ~$ Se imnere. j e capitelari. 
(word erased} 3 pe spel boc. -3 fiigap prst. pelece boc ~\ Blakehad 
boc. 3 Kilmer >e grete Satep. ^ ^e litle tpopere ppbeande. ^ 
e Donatum. xv bocas Ealfric -Eilpine. Godric. ^ Bealdepuine 
at)b ~] Freoden ^ hu (torn) j ^uregise.' Several leaves are wanting 
at the beginning and one at the end; the book commences at 
S. Matt. iv. 14, and ends in S. John xxi. 16. It now numbers 172 
leaves, besides the fly-leaf, and contains 29 lines in a column; the 
Cambridge MS. has 25 lines. 

Two Russian MSS. were given in this year by John Mericke, 
English Consul in Russia, and a collection of Italian books by Sir 
Michael Dormer. 

A.D. 1604. 

On June 20, letters patent were granted by James I, styling 
the library by the founder's name, and licensing the University 
to hold lands, &c, in mortmain for its maintenance, to an amount 
not exceeding 200 marks per anmtm^. 

In the list of donors occur Sir Christopher Heydon, Sir Jerome 
Horsey (whose gift includes a MS. of the Gospels in Russian, and 
rolls containing forms of letters, &c, in the autograph of the Czar 
Ivan Basilides), Sir Ralph Winwood (17 Greek MSS.), Robert 
Barker the printer, and Sir Henry Wotton (a MS. of the Koran). 

1 Wood MS. F. 77. 



26 ANNALS OF THE 1605 

A.D. 1605. 

The bust of Bodley, which is seen in the large room, was sent 
by Sackville, Earl of Dorset, the Chancellor of the University. It 
attracted the notice of King James upon his entering the Library 
on the fourth day of his visit to Oxford in August of this year, 
who, upon reading its inscription, indulged in the very mild pun 
that the Founder should rather be called Sir Thomas Godly than 
Bodly 1 . And, looking on the well-filled cases, he said he had 
often had proof from the University of the fruits of talent and 
ability, but had never before seen the garden where those fruits 
grew and whence they were gathered. He examined various MSS. 
of the Holy Scriptures, and especially of the old English version, 
as well as of the Ethiopic, on the authority of which, ' more suo, 
summo cum judicio disceptavit.' Then, taking up Gaguinus' trea- 
tise De Puritate Conceptions Virg. Mar., printed at Paris in 1498, 
he remarked that the author had so written about purity as if he 
wished that it should only be found on the title of his book ; and 
said it had often been his desire that such objectionable writings 
(especially on religious subjects) could be altogether suppressed 
rather than be tolerated to the corruption of minds and manners. 
He admitted, however, that probably there was no disadvantage 
from their being stored up in collections of this kind. Moved to 
a wonderful temper of liberality, the king then offered to present 
from all the libraries of the royal palaces whatsoever precious and 
rare books Sir T. Bodley, on examination, might choose to carry 
away; and promised that the grant should be made under seal, 
lest any hindrance should arise. It appears 2 that this (some- 
what hasty) grant was actually passed under the Privy Seal 
about the beginning of November in the same year, and that 

1 This would-be witticism is made the subject of a quatrain in the Ju&ta Fnnebria 
Bodlei, p. 108. 2 Reliqnia: Bodl. pp. 205, 339. 



1605 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 27 

Bodley expected to carry off a great many MSS. from Whitehall. 
Probably the full execution of his intentions was hindered, as 
he himself appears to have suspected might happen; at any 
rate, there is very little in the Library that tells of having come 
from the royal collections, except a few folio editions of the 
Fathers which once were in the possession of Hen. VIII, as his 
arms stamped upon the covers testify 1 , and three or four MSS. 
which bear like evidence of having belonged to James I. Upon 
leaving the room, after spending considerable time in its examina- 
tion, the king exclaimed that were he not King James he would be 
an University man ; and that, were it his fate at any time to be a 
captive, he would wish to be shut up, could he but have the choice, 
in this place as his prison, to be bound with its chains, and to con- 
sume his days amongst its books as his fellows in captivity 2 . 

In this year appeared the first Catalogue of the Library, com- 
piled by Thomas James. It is a quarto volume, published by 
Joseph Barnes at Oxford, consisting of 425 pages, with an Appen- 
dix of 230 more; the Preface is dated June 27. The book is 
dedicated to_ Henry, Prince of Wales 3 . It includes both printed 

1 His arms also occur in several places in a Greek MS. now numbered Auct. E. 
I. 15. And there is one volume among Selden's books (8. A. 24, Art. Seld.) 
which appears to possess considerable interest as having come from the library of the 
many-wived king. It is a fine copy of JEsop, with the Batracbomyomacbia, &c, 
printed by Froben in 1518, which may be conjectured, from the binding, to have 
been a gift from Henry to Anne Boleyn. The cover is of embossed calf ; on one 
side is the Tudor rose supported by angels, with the sun, moon, and four stars above, 
encircled by the lines : 

' Hec rosa virtutis de celo missa sereno, 
Eternum florens regia sceptra feret.' 

Below are the initials A.H., conjoined with a knot. On the other side is a repre- 
sentation of the Annunciation, with the same initials repeated. 

a The account of the king's visit is given in Sir J. Wake's Rex Platonicus, 
pp. 116-123. 

3 At the suggestion of Bodley, who thought that more reward was to bo gained 
from the juinco than from the king. (Reliant" Jiodl. 206.) 



2 S ANNALS OF THE 1605- 

books and MSS. arranged alphabetically under the four classes of 
Theology, Medicine, Law, and Arts, with lists of expositors of 
Holy Scripture, commentators on Aristotle, Hippocrates, and 
Galen, and in Civil and Canon Law. The legal and medical lists 
were added at Bodley's special desire 1 . A continuation of this 
classified index, embracing writers on Arts and Sciences, Geo- 
graphy and History, is to be found in Rawlinson MS. Miscell. 730. 
It was drawn up by James, after his quitting the Library, for the 
use of young students in the faculty of Arts, in order to show his 
continued interest in them and in the place of his old occupation. 
In the preface he thus describes the arrangement of his book: 
' Exhibeo, primo, libros distributes secundum facultates suas ; 
secundo, dissectos in minutissimas portiones vel sectiones, idque 
alphabetice ; tertio, habetis cognitos et exploratos auctores singulos 
qui de singulis subjectis vel generatim vel speciatim scripserunt 
libros, tractatus, epistolas; postremo, ne quid desit, habetis 
editiones certas, et maxime ex parte ex pluribus selectas et 
meliores, cito parabiles, digitos ad pluteos et pluteorum sectiones 
intendendo.' This volume came into Rawlinson's possession 
from Hearne, who notes in it : ' This MS. came out of the study 
of Dr. Anthony Hall, of Queen's College, Oxford, who married the 
widow of Dr. John Hudson, to whom this book once belong'd.' 

A.D. 1606. 

Chinese literature began to make its appearance even at this 
early date. Among the books bought with 20 given by Lady 
Kath. Sandys were, ' Octo volumina lingua Chinensi,' while two 
others, ' Excusa in regno et lingua Chinensi/ were bought, together 
with the donor's own ' Historic of Great Britaine,' with a gift of 5 
from John Clapham. 

' Reliquiae Bodl. pp. 19,=;, 256. 



-i6io BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 29 

A.D. 1610. 

The books having some time since begun to crowd the room 
provided for them, so that James, in his Preface to the Catalogue 
of 1605, said there already seemed to be more need of a Library 
for the books than books for the Library, the Founder com- 
menced in this year an extension of his building. On July 16 
the first stone was laid of the eastern wing, and of the Proscholium, 
or vestibule of the Divinity School, beneath ; which were completed 
by 1612, as in that year several donations were placed in the new 
room 1 . An inscription in gold letters, in the front of this building, 
commemorates Bodley's work; having become barely legible, it 
has recently been restored to its pristine lustre by the care of 
the present Librarian. The noble east window contains some 
very curious and interesting relics in stained glass which were 
presented to the Library (with numerous other fragments, which 
adorn some of the other windows in the Library and partly fill 
two of those in the Picture Gallery 2 ), in 1797, by Alderman 
William Fletcher of Oxford, a zealous local antiquary and Church- 
man of the good old school. The three principal fragments repre- 
sent: i. Henry II, stripped naked, and suffering flagellation with 
birch rods, at the hands of two monks, before the shrine of 
Thomas a Becket. 2. The marriage (as supposed) of Henry VI 
with Margaret of Anjou, representing, says Dr. Rock 3 , that portion 

1 It is probably to aid given for the erection of this structure that the following 
passage refers : ' To the building Bodley's Library at Oxford a considerable sum 
was contributed by the Bishop of London, being his share of the moneys paid into 
court for commutation of penance.' Archd. Kale's Notes to the Register of Wor- 
cester (Cainilen Soc. 1855), p. cxxviii. Aid was also given by the Crown, for on 
May 3, 1611, an order was issued by the Lord Treasurer to the officers of the woods 
at Stow, Shotover, &c, near Oxford, to deliver to Sir T. Bodley, for enlarging the 
Library, the timber which was to have been employed for making the Thames 
navigable to Oxford, a work which did not proceed. (Calendar of Stale Paper?, 
Dom. Series, 1611-18, p. >$.} 

1 See also under 1818. 3 Church of our Fatbcrf, i. 421. 



3 A NASALS OF THE 1610 

of the ceremony which took place at the Church door ; formerly 
in a window of Rollright Church, Oxfordshire. There is no 
evidence, however, to connect this representation with Henry VI, 
and it has been conjectured to describe his marriage chiefly from 
its corresponding in some very small degree to a representation 
of that event, formerly at Strawberry Hill, and described and 
engraved in Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, i. 36. It is probably 
of an earlier date. 3. The doing homage by William, King of 
Scotland, with his abbots and barons, to Henry II in York 
Minster in 117 r. Of the first of these, two coloured engravings, 
and of the second, one, are found in a copy of Gutch's Wood, 
which came to the Library from the same donor, Alderman 
Fletcher, in 1818, illustrated with very numerous and curious 
engravings and drawings, as well as enriched with some MS. 
notes, and bound in seven large quarto volumes 1 . 

The large coats of arms appear to have been inserted in 1716, 
as in the accounts for that year we find, ' For paynted armes in 
the Library window, 5.' But one coat of arms was put up in 
the year 1771, (q. r.) 

It was in this year that the Library began to be enlarged with 
the gift of copies of all works published by the members of 
the Stationers' Company, in pursuance of an agreement made 
with them by Bodley, which became the precursor of the obliga- 
tions of the Copyright Acts. On Dec. 12 the Company made 
a grant of one perfect copy of every book printed by them, on 
condition that they should have liberty to borrow the books 

1 Mr. Fletcher died in 1826, at the age of eighty-seven, and was buried (in a 
stone coffin traditionally said to be that of Fair Rosamond) in the church 
of the village where he was born, Yarnton, near Oxford. His tomb is re- 
markable as exhibiting, before Architectural and Ecclesiological societies had been 
thought of, an anticipation of better days in monumental design than had yet 
appeared ; a brass, upon a high altar-tomb, represents him clad in his aldermnnic 
gown, with his hands clasped in prayer. A bust of him is in the Picture Gallery. 



1 6 io BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 31 

thus given, if needed for reprinting, and also to examine, collate, 
and copy the books which were given by others. An order of 
the Star-Chamber was made July n, 1637, in confirmation of 
this grant 1 . The proposal of such an agreement emanated from 
the Librarian James ; but in the effecting it Bodley says that 
he met with 'many rubs and delays 2 .' Ayliffe says 3 that the 
agreement was very well observed until about 1640. He should 
rather have said ' about 1630,' for in that year, in a paper of notes 
made by the Librarian for the use of Archbishop Laud, as 
Chancellor of the University (in which the mention of a gift of 
books by Fetherston, a London bookseller, fixes the date), com- 
plaint is made that the Company were very negligent in sending 
their books, and it is suggested that a message from the Chancellor 
might quickly remedy that neglect 4 . In 1642, Verneuil, the Sub- 
Librarian 5 , complained in the Preface to his Nomendator ; &c, 
of the neglect which had then begun ; mentioning the names 
of several benefactors, he adds : ' These have beene more 
courteous than the Stationers of London, who by indenture are 
bound to give the Library a copy of every booke they print.' 
In the Visitation Order-Book, under the year 1695, is the 
following ' memorandum ' by Hyde, then Head Librarian : ' That 
in November, 1695, a copy of the indenture between Sir Thomas 
Bodley and the Company of Stationers, as also a copy of their 
By-Law to inforce their particular members to complyance, was 
sent up to the Master of the Company to be communicated 
and publicly read to the Company once every year, as is in 
the indenture expressed. The originall was also some years 
agon carryed up and shewed to the Master and Wardens, because 
some of them used to raile at the unjustness of the Act of Parlia- 
ment in forcing them to give a copy of each book to the Bodleian 

1 Rushworth, iii. 315. 2 Ileliqina Bodl. p. 350. 3 Univ. of Oxford, i. 460. 
1 Calendar nf State Papers, 1635-6, p. 65. 5 See nub anno 1647. 



32 ANNALS OF THE 1610- 

Library ; and therefore we shewed them that we had also another 
antecedent right to a copy of each book printed by any member 
in their Company. The Indenture mentions only the giving 
of books new printed, but the By-law mentions books both 
new-printed and also reprinted with additions 1 . We have been 
told that Sir Thomas Bodley gave to the Company 50 pounds 
worth of plate when they entred into this Indenture. But its 
not mentioned in our counter-part. Every book is to be de- 
livered to the junior Warden within 10 dayes after its off from 
the press, and we are to appoint somebody to demand them of 
him. The obligation is upon every printer to give books ; it 
were to be wished it had been upon every proprietor ; for the 
proprietor must give them to us.' 

A.D. 1611. 

The permanent endowment of the Library was commenced by 
the Founder in this year, by the purchase, from Lord Norreys, of 
the manor of Hendons by Maidenhead, worth annually 911 os. ; 
to which he added ' certain tenements in London,' producing an 
annual rent of 40. From the former, now called Hindhay farm, 
in the parishes of Bray and Cookham, Berks, the Library receives 
an annual rent, at the present time, of about 220 ; the latter, which 
consisted of houses situated in Distaff Lane, were sold in 1853, 
and the produce invested in 3455 los. 3 per cent. Consols. 

The first book which came from the Stationers' Company, in 
pursuance of the Indenture made in Dec. 1610, was an anonymous 
catechetical work printed in this year by Felix Kingston for 
Thomas Man, entitled, ' Christian Religion substantially, metho- 
dicallie, plainlie, and profitablie treatised.' It is now numbered 
4 R. 34 Th., and a note in Bodley's own handwriting records its 
presentation. 

1 See sub anno 1612. 



-*1 BODLEIAN LIBRARY 

<f J 

Twenty Arabic, Persian, and other MSS, were presented by 
Pindar, Consul at Aleppo of the Company of English Mer- 
chants, whom Bodley three years previously had requested to 
procure such books 1 . 

Among other minor matters which called forth the care of 
Hey, was the providing a bell for the purpose of giving notice 
Library was about to be closed. After it had been 
I m the Library some accident appears to have happened 
it, since we read in one of his letters to James*, < As touching 
ell, I would have it cast again, and if my friends think it 
sd, made somewhat better.' In ,655 a bell-rope was bought 
price of . 4d . Of late years, however, the Founder's 
d altogether disappeared, and the fact of its very existence 
was unknown, while a small hand-bell, suggestive of a muffin-man 
Jd, more recently, a hand-bell taken from a Chinese temple at 
ten-tsm, and presented by Col. Rigaud, supplied its place. But 
July, 1866, in the course of moving some boxes and rubbish 
I under some stairs, a mouldy bell of considerable size was 
1 to light, which proved to be the missing bell of the 
Founder. It was immediately put by the Librarian into the hands 
Messrs. White, of Appleton, Berks, who fitted it with a frame 
1 wheel; and now, restored to a conspicuous place in the great 
>om, it daily thunders forth an unmistakeable signal for departure, 
round it, in gold letters, runs the inscription : < Sir Thomas 
Bodley gave this bell, 161 ,.' The bell-founder's initials, W. S., are 
accompanied by the device of a crown between three bells. 

Another relic of Bodley's furniture is a massy iron chest, fastened 

with three locks, two of which are enormous padlocks, for the 

servation of the moneys of the Library, of which the keys used 

to be in the custody of the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors. This is 

now exhibited in the Picture Gallery, on account of the extreme 

1 Hearne's Job. Glatton. it. 63 7. Kcliqw* Bodl. p. 3 1 4. 



D 



34 ANNALS OF THE 1611- 

beauty of the ironwork of the locks, which covers in its intricate 
ramifications the whole of the inside of the lid. On the outside 
are painted the arms of the University (with the older motto ' Sapi- 
entise et Fselicitatis') and of Bodley. 

A.D. 1612. 

Two large donations of MSS. were received during this year ; 
the one from the Dean and Chapter of Windsor (in imitation of 
their brethren of Exeter), of 159 volumes, chiefly theological; and 
the other of a large collection of scientific treatises, chiefly astro- 
nomical and medical, about 120 in number, from Thomas Twine, 
M.D., of Lewes. 

The agreement that was entered into by the Stationers' Com- 
pany in 1 6 10 having probably been found in some degree in- 
operative from the absence of any penalty upon non-fulfilment, the 
Company at the commencement of this year passed the following 
ordinance, which made it obligatory on every one of their members 
to forward their books to the Library. It is here printed (for the 
first time) from the original, preserved in the University Archives, 
marked A. 27*. 

' Vicesimo octavo Jamiarii 161 1 nono regni regis Jacobi, at Staconers 
Hall, in Ave Mary Lane in London. Present, the Masters, 
Wardens, and Assistants of the Company of Staconers. 

' Forasmuch as this Companye out of their zeale to the advance* 
ment of learninge, and at the request of the right worshipfull Sir 
Thomas Bodley, Knight, founder of the presente publique library 
of the University of Oxford, beinge readye to manifeste their 
willinge desires to a worck of so great pietye and benifitt to the 
generall state of the Realme, did by their Indenture under their 
common scale dated the twelveth daye of December in the eight 

* For the use of this document the author is indebted to the Keeper of the 
Archives, Rev. J. Griffiths, M.A. 



-i6i2 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 

yeare of his Maj. te raigne of England, Fraunce and Ireland, and 
the foure and fortith yere of his raigne of Scotland, for them and 
their successors, graunte and confirme vnto the Chauncellor, 
Maisters, and Schollers of the Universitie of Oxford, and to their 
successors for ever, That of all bookes after that from tyme to 
tyme to be printed in the said Company of Siaconers, beinge newe 
books and coppies never printed before, or thoughe formerly 
printed yet newly augmented or enlarged, there should be freelie 
given one perfect Booke of every such booke (in quyers) of the 
first ympression thereof, towardes the furnishinge and increase of 
the said Library ; Nowe therefore, to the intent the said graunte 
maie take due effect in the orderlie performance and execucon 
thereof, and that so good and godlie a worck and purpose maie 
not bee disappointed or defeated by any meanes, It is ordayned by 
this Company, that all and every printer and printers that from 
tyme to tyme hereafter shall either for hym- or themselves, or for 
any other, printe or cause to be printed any newe booke or coppie 
never printed before, or although formerly printed yet newly 
augmented or enlarged, shall within ten daies next after the 
finishinge of the first ympression thereof and the puttinge of the 
same to sale, bringe and deliver to the yonger warden of the said 
Company of Staconers for the tyme beinge one perfect booke 
thereof to be delivered over by the same Warden to the recited use 
to the handes of such person or persons as shalbe appoincted by 
the said Chauncellour, Maisters and Schollers for the tyme beinge 
to receive the same ; And it is alsoe ordayned that every printer 
that at any tyme or tymes hereafter shall make default in perform- 
ance hereof, shall for every such default forfeite and paie to the 
use of this Company treble the value of every booke that he shall 
leave undelivered contrarie to this ordenance ; Out of the which 
forfeiture, upon the levyinge and payment thereof, there shalbe 
provided for the use of the said Librarye that booke for the not 
delivery whereof the said forfeiture shalbe had and paid. And to 
the intent all printers and others of this Company whome it shall 
concerne maie take notice of this ordenance, and that any of them 
shall not pretend ignorance thereof, It is ordeyned that once in 
every yere at some generall asscmblie and meetinge of the said 



ANNALS OF THE 



1612- 



Company upon some of their usuall quarter dales, or some other 
tyme in the yere at their discretion, this presente ordinance shalbe 
publiquely read in their Hall, as other their ordenances are accus- 
tomed to be read there 

' John llaryson ' William Leake 

' John Norton, Mr. ' Robert Barker 

' Richard Field 1 Wardens ' Thomas Mane 

' Humphrey Lownes / ' Thomas Dawson 

' Edward White ' John Standishe 

1 Humfry Hooper ' Thomas Adames 

' Simon Waterson ' John Haryson 1 

' Ri. Collins, Clerk of the Companie. 

' Havinge lately byn entreated, as well by the said Sir Thomas 
Bodley, Knight, as by the Maister, Wardens, and Assistants of the 
foresaid Company of Staconers, to take some spetiall notice of this 
their publique acte and graunte, and (in regard of our beinge of 
his Maiestyes highe Comission in ecclesiasticall causes) to testifie 
under our handes with what allowance and good likinge we have 
thought it meete to be received, Wee doe not onlie as of merrit 
comend it to posteritie for a singuler token of the fervent zeale 
of that Company to the furtherance of good learninge and for an 
exemplarie guift and graunt to the Schollers and Studients of the 
Universitye of Oxford, But withall we doe promise by subscribinge 
unto it, that if at any tyme hereafter occasion shall require that we 
should help to maynteyne the due and perpetuall execucon of the 
same, Wee will be readie to performe it, as farre as either of our 
selves thoroughe our present authoritie or by any whatsoeuer our 
further endeavours it maie be fitlye procured. 



' G. Cant. 
' Jo. London 
' Jo. Benet 
' Tho. Ridley 
4 Tho. Edwardes 
1 G. Newmane 
'John Spenser 



: Richard Moket 
1 R. Cov. & Lich. 
: Jhon Boys 
Char. Fotherbye 
' Martin Fotherby 
1 John Layfeilds 



'Jo. Roffens 

; George Montaigne (sic) 

' Rob*. Abbott 

' Henr. Hickman 

' John Dix 

' Willm. FFerrand.' 



1 Probably the son of the John Haryson who signs above. 



-1613 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 37 

A.D. 1613. 

The death of the Founder occurred on Jan. 28, after long 
suffering from stone, dropsy, and scurvy, for which he is said to 
have been mis-treated by a Dr. Hen. Atkins 1 . Two volumes of 
elegiac verses were thereupon issued by the University, of which 
one (Bodleiomnemd) was written entirely by members of Merton Col- 
lege ; the other (Justa Funebria Ptolemtzi Oxoniensis) by members 
of the University in general. In the latter collection are Latin 
verses by Laud, then President of St. John's, and Greek verses by 
Isaac Casaubon. Bodley was buried (according to his desire in 
his will) in the chapel of his old Coilege, Merton, on March 29, 
with all the state of a public funeral. He bequeathed the greater 
part of his property for the building of the east wing of the 
Library and the completion of the Schools, appointing Sir John 
Bennett and Mr. William Hakewill his executors. The former, 
however, proved in some measure an unfaithful steward. When 
prosecuted in Parliament in 1621, for gross bribery in his office 
as Judge of the Prerogative Court, some of Bodley's money was 
still remaining in his hands, and was mentioned in the charges 
brought against him. For the due payment of a portion of this, 
by annual instalments of 150, the University, on June 28, 1624, 
accepted four bonds from him, witnessed by Thomas Coventreye, 
Matthew Bennet, and Henry Wigmore ; only one of these appears 
to have been paid off, leaving an unpaid deficit of 450 2 . The 
entry of this debt is carried on, together with the loan made to 
King Charles I in 1642, in the Library accounts 3 , from year to year 

1 Calendar of State Papers, 1611-18, p. 137. 

2 A full account of Bennet's defalcations is given by B. Twyne, from the Univer- 
sity Registers, in vol. vi. (pp. 120-4) of his Collectanea, now in the Univ. Archives. 
See also Parliam. Hist. vol. v. p. 462. 

3 These accounts, as now preserved, unfortunately only commence at the year 
1653, and there is a hiatus from 1661 to 1676, both inclusive. 



38 ANNALS OF THE 1613 

up to 1782, when by order of the Curators the entries were dis- 
continued. In the notice of the Library contributed (as it is said) 
by Dr. Hudson to Ayliffe's Ancient and Present State of Oxford 
(vol. i. p. 460), it is stated that the Library estate falls miserably 
short by reason of ' the fraud of his [Bodley's] executor, the loan 
of a great sum of money to Charles I in his distress, and by the 
fire of London/ that event, doubtless, necessitating the rebuilding 
of the houses in Distaff Lane. 

Bodley was charged by some of his contemporaries, and 
apparently with some justice, with sacrificing in his will the claims 
of relatives and friends too much to the interests of the Library. 
One Mr. John Chamberlain, a friend of Bodley, whose gossiping 
letters to Sir Dudley Carleton, Alice Carleton, and others, are pre- 
served in the State Paper Office, does not spare his accusations on 
this head. In a letter dated Feb. 4, 1613, he says that Bodley has 
left legacies to great people, 7000 to the Library, and 200 to 
Merton College, but little to his brothers, his old servants, his 
friends, or the children of his wife, by whom he had all his wealth 1 . 
In another, dated June 23, 1613, he remarks that the executors 
cannot excuse Bodley of unthankfulness to many of his relatives 
and friends, he being ' so drunk with the applause and vanitie of 
his librarie that he made no conscience to rob Peter to pay Paul 2 .' 
Some inferential corroboration of this is afforded by the following 
curious paper preserved among Rawlinson's gatherings (now in 
a vol. numbered Rawl. MS. Miscell, 1203), being no other than a 
petition for relief addressed by the grand-nephew and grand-niece 
of Bodley in the year 1712 (as appears from the Library accounts) 
to the Heads of Houses and Curators of the Library, who appear 
both officially and individually to have been very parsimonious in 
their response : 

1 Calendar of State Papery 1611-18, p. 169. 2 Ibid. y. 187. 






i6i 3 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 39 

' To the Worshipful Mr. Vice-Chancellor and to all heads and 
governors of Colleges and Halls within the famous University 
of Oxon. 

' The humble petition of William Snoshill of East Lockinge in the 
county of Berks, labourer, and of Jane the wife of Thomas 
Hatton of Childrey in the county aforesaid, labourer, sister of 
the said William Snoshill, 

' Humbly sheweth, 

' That your Petitioners being the grand-children of the sister of 
Sir Thomas Bodley, the munificent founder of the Bodleian 
Library in your University, being now reduc'd to a poor and low 
estate, do with all humility make bold to represent their distrest 
condition to your consideration, hoping that out of your tender 
pity and commiseration, and that regard you have for the pious 
memory of so great a benefactor to your University, to whom your 
poor Petitioners are so nearly allied, you will be pleas' d to consider 
them as real objects of your charity and compassion, and thereby 
you will lay an eternal obligation on them of praying for your 

present and future happiness. 

' William Snoshill 

' Jane Hatton. 

'We, whose names are subscribed to this Petition, are well 
satisfied of the truth thereof. 

' Thomas Paris, rector of Childrey 

' John Holmes 

' John Bell, vie. of Sparsholt 

' John Aldworth, rector of East Lockinge 

' Ralph Redden, M.A., vicar of Denchworth, Berks. 

'(Mem.) The Curators gave the Petitioners the sum of four 
pounds out of Sir Thomas Bodley's chest. Dr. Altham, Hebrew 
professor, and Dr. Hudson, Library-keeper, gave, each of them, 
ten shillings.' 

An alphabetical catalogue was prepared in this year by James, 
but was not printed. The MS, in two small hand-books, remains 
in the Library. It was ordered by the Curators, at the Visitation 



40 ANNALS OF THE 

on Nov. 13, that 6s. 8d. be paid quarterly to the Bedel of the 
Stationers' Company as a gratuity for his trouble. MSS. were 
received from Edw. James, B.D., who had been a contributor 
already in the year 1601. 



A.D. 1614. 

Various orders were made by the Curators at the Visitation on 
Nov. 10, which are prefixed to the small MS. 'hand-catalogues' 
made at that time for the use of those authorities. They resolve 
that the catalogues of newly- published works issued at Frankfort 
in each spring and summer shall be examined by them within one 
week after their arrival. They make an attempt to obtain posses- 
sion of a gift of the Founder's giving, which had never yet reached 
the place of its intended deposit. In 1 609 it had been reported to 
Convocation that there was about to be sent to the Library by Sir 
T. Bodley ' toga ex lana agni Tartarici a>o$vrou, magni quidam 
valoris, ei data (ut in publica Bibliotheca conservetur) ab Richardo 
Lee, milite, qui eandem dono recepit ab augustissimo Imperatore 
MuscoviaeV But the precious cloak had never yet arrived; the 
Curators therefore resolve ' quod literae scribantur ad exequutores 
domini Fundatoris pro illo pretioso pallio ex zoophyto confecto, et 
legato ad nos per Ric. Leigh, militem, olim legatum apud Impe- 
ratorem Russiae, et quod in cista ex ligno bene olenti, ad earn 
finem comparanda, reponatur in archivis, munita sera affabre 
facta; clavis permaneat semper apud Vice-Cancellarium vel ejus 
deputatum, nee cuiquam illud inspiciendi vel contrectandi potestas 
esto, nisi in prsesentia eorundem.' At this Visitation Joseph 

1 ' Reg. Conv. K. f. 43,' MS. note by Dr. P. Bliss. Bodley mentions in a letter to 
James his expectation of exhibiting the ' lamb's-wool-gown' to the King. Reliqq. 
Bodl. i 73. An account of this marvellous garment will be found in the Appendix. 



-i6i4 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 41 

Barnes, the Oxford printer, appeared and promised to give a copy 
of every book which he might print. Complaint was made that 
the London Stationers had already begun to fail in the fulfilment 
of their agreement. 

On Aug. 29 the King visited the Library on his way to Wood- 
stock, and, asking for Fulke's Annotations on the Rhemish New 
Test., pointed out the remarks at Rom. x. 15, on the calling of 
ministers ; ' deprehendit calumnias et imposturas quorundam ponti- 
ficiorum de ordine et vocatione ministrorumV In 1620 the 
editions of 1601 and 1617 of these Annotations were both in the 
Library, as appears from the Catalogue of that year, but in Hyde's 
Catalogue, published in 1674, only the edition of 1633 is found. 
This is one out of various instances which prove that, by a great 
miscalculation of literary value, later editions of a writer's works 
were thought to supersede so entirely the earlier, that the latter 
could be advantageously parted with. The Library has, however, 
since become re-possessed of the earlier editions, that of 1601 
having been presented in 1824, and that of 1617 having been 
bought more recently. But the most remarkable example of this 
mistaken alienation of books occurs with reference to the first folio 
edition of Shakespeare. In the Supplemental Catalogue of 1635, 
the folio of 1623 duly appears; but in the Catalogue of 1674 we 
find only the third edition, that of 1664, which doubtless had been 
thought to be sufficient as well as best; upon its arrival, there- 
fore, from Stationers' Hall, the precious volume of 1623 was 
probably regarded as little more than waste-paper. Nor was it 
until the year 1821, when Malone's collection was received, that a 
copy was again possessed by the Library 2 . 

1 Wood's Hist. vol. ii. p. 319. 

3 The extraordinary fancy prices sometimes given for books, and their variations, 
are particularly exemplified in the case of the first folio Shakespeare. In 1778 
Stevens said it was ' usually valued at seven or eight ' guineas. (Shakespeare, second 



42 ANNALS OF THE 1615 



A.D. 1615. 

Richard Connock, auditor and solicitor to Prince Henry of 
Wales, gave a IMS. book of Hora}, which had formerly belonged 
to Mary I, and afterwards to Prince Henry. The donor, in a note 
prefixed, records that he gives the volume, ' not for the religion it 
contains, but for the pictures and former royall owners' sake/ It 
is a volume of the early part of the fifteenth century, in small 
quarto, containing 224 leaves, and ornamented with very beautiful 
illuminated borders and exquisite drawings in camaieugris. Among 
these is one of the martyrdom of Becket, which, doubtless in con- 
sequence of the book being in the possession of the Princess 
Mary, has entirely escaped the defacement and obliteration ordered 
by her father to be made in all Service-books where the office for 
S. Thomas of Canterbury occurred. The following inscription 
(nearly effaced at its close by over-much handling in former years), 
addressed by Mary to one of her ladies, whose name does not 
appear, to whom probably she presented the book, occurs in the 
blank portion of one of the leaves : 

' Geate you such riches as when the shype is broken, may 
swyme away wythe the Master. For dyverse chances take away 
the goods of fortune ; but the goods of the soule whyche bee only 
the trewe goods, nother fyer nor water can take away. Yf you 
take labour and payne to doo a vertuous thyng, the labour goeth 
away, and the vertue remaynethe. Yf through pleasure you do 

edit. vol. i. p. 239.) At the Roxburghe sale (a sufficiently bibliomaniacal one) in 
1812 a copy was sold for 100; in 1864 Miss Burdett Coutts gave for Mr. G. 
Daniel's specially fine copy, 716 2s. ; while in July, 1867, a copy belonging 
to a Mr. Smith was sold for 410. In Dec. 1867 another copy was on sale at 
Mr. Beet's, the bookseller, to which the owner very discreetly attached in his cata- 
logue no specific sum. 

1 The gift is omitted in the Benefaction-Register, apparently because it was a rule 
not to record donations of single volumes [Reliyuie Bodl. pp. 91, 283] ; consequently 
several books of the greatest value are omitted. 



1 6 15 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 43 

any vicious thyng, the pleasure goeth away and the vice re- 
maynethe. Good Madame, for my sake remembre thys. 

' Your lovyng mystres, 

' Marye Princesse.' 

This inscription (which does so much credit to its writer) was 
first printed by Hearne at the end of Titi Livii Forojulien. Vita 
Hen. V. (p. 228) and last, in Bliss' Reliquice Hearn. i. 105. 
Mr. Coxe has noted (from Alstedii Sy sterna Mnemonicum, 1610, 
i. 705) that the latter part is taken directly and literally from 
Musonius, while indirectly it comes from an oration by Cato 1 . 
Probably the first part may be traced to some similar source. 

Another autograph inscription by Mary while Princess is found 
in a small book (Laud MS. Miscell. i.) of private prayers in Latin 
and English, which belonged to Jane Wriothesley, wife of Thomas 
Earl of Southampton, and which she seems to have employed as 
a kind of album. At f. 45* are these lines, which appear to form 
a triplet, although not written in metrical form by the Princess : 

' Good Madame, I do desyer you most hartly to pray, 
That in prosperyte and adversyte I may 
Have grace to keep the trewe way. 

' Your lovyng frend, 

to my . . . [power ?]' 

Unfortunately the conclusion, with the signature, has been cut 
off. A couplet, signed by Queen Katherine Parr, has an equal, 
and most regal, disregard of the restraints of metrical rhythm 
(f. 8M:- 

' Madam, althowe 1 have difterred writtyng in your booke, 
I am no lesse your frend than you do looke. 

' Kateryn the Quene KP.' 

1 George Herbert expresses the same idea at the end of his Church Porch : 
' If thou do ill, the joy fades, not the pains : 
If well, the pain doth fade, Use joy remains.' 



44 



ANNALS OF THE 1615- 



Other inscriptions are inserted by Margaret Queen of Scotland, 
Mary Countess of Lennox and mother of Lord Darnley, and by the 
Countess of Southampton's daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, and Anne. 

James Button, Esq., of the county of Worcester, gave, on March 
28, a curious relic of the ancient language of Cornwall, being 
three Miracle-Plays of the Creation, the Passion, and the Resur- 
rection, in Cornish, contained in a MS. on vellum, small folio, 
eighty-three leaves, written in the fifteenth century ; now numbered 
Bodl. 791. A copy on paper of the Play of the Creation, written 
by John Jordan in 1611, is also in the Library, numbered Bodl. 
219, which appears to have come from the library of King 
James I, having the royal crown stamped on the parchment 
cover, with the initials I.K. A second modern copy has also 
been recently presented (in 1849) by Edwin Ley, Esq., of Bosahan, 
Cornwall, which is accompanied by a translation by John Keigwyn, 
made in 1695. The dramas were printed in two volumes at 
the University Press, with a translation, notes, and glossary, by 
Mr. Edwin Norris, in 1859. 

Some MSS. were given about this time by the three sons 
of Rich. Coif, D.D., and in 1618 twenty Greek volumes by Cecil, 
Earl of Exeter. 

A.D. 1620. 

At the beginning of May, James resigned the office of Librarian, 
but not as Wood says, on account of his promotion to the Sub- 
deanery of Wells, since that took place in the year 1614. His 
appointment to the rectory of Mongeham, Kent (also mentioned 
by Wood), was in 1617. He continued, however, to reside in 
Oxford, and dying there in August, 1629, was buried in New 
College Chapel. 

On the 9th of the same month of May, John Rouse, M.A., 
Fellow of Oriel, was elected James' successor. No account of 



-i6 2 o BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 45 

him is given by Wood, possibly from dislike of his Puritanical 
principles, and of his continuing to hold office during the usurpa- 
tion. He appears to have discharged his trust in the Library 
with faithfulness, and, at least, to have deserved some mention 
at the historiographer's hands for the Appendix to the Catalogue 
which he issued in the year 1635 (q. v.) 1 He is best known as 
the friend of Milton, who, on Rouse's application to him for a 
copy of his Poems both English and Latin, published in 1645, 
in the place of one previously given by Milton which had been 
lost, sent the volume, together with a long autograph Latin Ode, 
dated Jan. 23, 1646 (-7), and bearing the following title: 'Ad 
Joannem Rousium, Oxoniensis Academiae Bibliothecarium, de 
libro poematum amisso quem ille sibi denuo mitti postulabat, 
ut cum aliis nostris in Bibliotheca publica reponeret, Ode Joannis 
Miltonj 2 .' The volume is now numbered 8. M. 168 Art. A 
facsimile of a considerable portion of the Ode (which Cowper 
translated into English, and which is said to have been the 
last of Milton's Latin poetical effusions) is given in plate xvii. 
of Sam. Leigh Sotheby's sumptuous volume, entitled Rambling* 
in the Elucidation of the Autograph of Milton, 4. Lond. 1861 ; 
and at p. 120 there is a facsimile in full of Milton's inscription 
in another volume (4. F. 56 Th.) which contains a collection of 
the political and polemical treatises published by him in the years 
1641-5. This latter inscription, which gives a list of the contents 



1 One fact to his credit is indeed mentioned by Wood in the Fasti, under the 
year 1648, viz. that he prevented the then Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Reynolds, and the 
Proctors from breaking open Bodley's chest in search of money, by assuring them 
that there was nothing in it. Hearne (MS. Diary, vol. xii. p. 13) says that Rouse 
inserted a portrait of Sir Thos. Bodley, done at his own charge, in the window 
of the room which he occupied on the west side of Oriel College. 

2 Cowley followed Milton's example by inserting an Ode, in this case in English, 
in a folio copy of his Poems (numbered C. 2. 21. Art.), which he gave June 26, 
1656. It is printed exactly from the original in Keliqnice Hearn. ii. 921-3. 



46 ANNALS OF THE 1620 

of the volume, is addressed as follows : ' Doctissimo viro proboque 
libromm aestimatori Joanni Rousio, Oxoniensis academise Bibliothe- 
cario, gratum hoc sibi fore testanti, Joannes Miltonius opuscula haec 
sua in Bibliothecam antiquissimam atque celeberrimam adscis- 
cenda libens tradit, tanquam in memorise perpetuse Fanum, emeri- 
tamque, uti sperat, invidiae calumniaeque vacationem ; si Veritati, 
Bonoque simul Eventui satis litatum sit.' Warton tells the 
almost incredible story, in his edition of Milton's Poems, that 
about the year 1720 these two volumes were thrown out into a 
heap of duplicates, from which Nathaniel Crynes, who afterwards 
bequeathed his own collection to the Library 1 , was permitted to 
pick out what he pleased for himself; fortunately, however, he 
was too good a royalist and churchman to choose anything that 
bore the name of Milton, and so the books, despised and rejected 
on both sides, by mere chance remained in the place of their 
original deposit ! Such an incident, if true, goes far to justify 
the charges of ignorance and neglect of the Library which Hearne 
in his Diary constantly brings against Hudson, the Librarian 
at that time, and those whom he employed. 

The second edition of the Catalogue was issued by James, 
shortly after his resignation of his office, with a Dedication to 
Prince Charles, and a Preface dated June 30. It consists of 
539 quarto pages, in double columns. It abandons the classified 
arrangement of the former Catalogue, and adopts that (followed 
ever since) of one alphabet of names. James, in his Preface, 
gives as his reason for this course, the frequent difficulty (already 
experienced even in so small a collection) of deciding to what 
class a book should be assigned, and the inconvenience resulting 
from division of the works of the same author. He points out 
the value of the Library to foreigners, who can there consult 
16,000 volumes for six hours a day, excepting Sundays and 

1 See stib anno 1745. 



1 6 20 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 47 

holidays 1 . As instances of the copiousness of its stores, he mentions 
that there are to be found above 100 folio and quarto volumes 
on Military Art, in Greek, Latin, and other languages ; and that 
there are 3000 or 4000 books in French, Italian, and Spanish. 
He notes that heretical and schismatical books are not to be 
read without leave of the Vice-Chancellor and Regius Professor 
of Divinity ; and makes some remarks on the method of keeping 
a Common-place-book. He gives as the reason for his quitting 
his post, his severe sufferings from stone and paralysis 2 . 

On June 4, King James presented the folio edition of his Works 
as edited by Bishop Montague. The book (now marked B. 14. 
1 7. Theol.) contains the following presentation inscription, written 
and signed by Sir R. Naunton : 

' Jacobus Dei gratia Magnge Britannia, Francias et Hibernia? 
Rex, fidei defensor, &c. Postquam decrevisset publici juris 
facere quse sibi erat commentatus, ne videretur vel palam pudere 
literarum quas privatim amaverat, vel eorum seu opinion! seu 
invidise cedere qui Regis Majestatem literis dictitabant imminui, 
vel Christiani Orbis et in eo Principum judicia expavescere,- 
quorum maxime intererat vera esse omnia quae scripsit ; circum- 
spicere etiam ccepit certum aliquod libro suo domicilium, locum, 
si fieri possit, semotum a fato, asternitati et paci sacrum. 
Ecce commodum sua se obtulit Academia, ilia pgene orbi 
notior quam Cantabrigise, ubi exulibus Musis jam olim melius 
est quam in patria, ubi a codicibus famse nuncupatis tinese abs- 
terrentur legentium manibus, sycophantse scribentium ingeniis. 
In hoc immortali literarum sacrario, inter monumenta clarorum 

1 At this time there were only two other public libraries in Europe, both later in 
date than the Bodleian, viz. that of Angelo Rocca at Rome, opened in 1604, and 
the Ambrosian at Milan, opened in 1609. The fourth public library wis that of 
Card. Mazarin at Paris, opened in 1643. Evidence of the consequent appreciation 
by foreigners of the advantages of the Bodleian Library is given under the year 
1641. 2 An Appendix to James' Catalogue was printed in 1635, q. v. 



48 ANNALS OF THE 1620- 

virorum, quos quantum dilexit studiorum participatione satis 
indicavit, in bibliotheca publica, lucubrationes has suas Deo Opt. 
Max., Cui ab initio devotae erant, seternum consecrat, in venerando 
Almae Matris sinu, unde contra seculorum rubiginem fidam illi 
custodiam promittit, et contra veritatis hostes stabile patrocinium.' 

The book, which was carried to Oxford by a special deputation, 
consisting of Patrick Young, the Librarian at St. James's (to 
whom 20 was given by the University for his pains), and others, 
was received by the University with great ceremony. A Con- 
vocation was held in St. Mary's Church, on May 29, at which 
an oration was delivered by Rich. Gardiner, the Deputy-Orator, 
and at which a letter of thanks was approved (which is printed 
in Wood's Annals, ii. 336) ; from thence the Vice-Chancellor, 
attended by 24 doctors in their scarlet robes, and a mixed 
multitude of others, carried it in solemn procession to the Library, 
where the keeper, Rouse, ' made a verie prettie speech,' says 
Patrick Young, ' and placed it in archivis . . . with a great deale 
of respect 1 .' The King was greatly pleased with the formality 
and flattery with which his works were received, and the more 
so 'because Cambridge received them without extraordinary 
respect V 

Another gift in this year, presented by Thomas Nevile, K.B., 
eldest son of Sir H. Nevile, Knt., is thus described in the Re- 
gister: ' Elegantissimum libellum" diversa scripturae genera con- 
tinentem, manu Esteris Anglicse, characteribus exquisitis con- 
scriptum.' This is, doubtless, the MS. of the Book of Proverbs, 
dated 1599, in which every chapter, as well as the dedication 
to the Earl of Essex, is written in a different style of caligraphy, 

1 Nichols' Progresses of James I, vol. iii. p. 1105. Rouse's speech (with the 
letter) is printed in Hearne's Titos Liv. Forojid. p. 198. 

2 Letter from J. Chamberlain to Sir D. Carleton. June 28, 1620: Calendar of Stale 
Papers, 1619-23, p. 157. 



-1623 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 49 

which is now exhibited in the glass case nearest the entrance to 
the Library. It is an extremely beautiful specimen of the handi- 
work of Mrs. Esther Inglis, of whose skill the Library possesses 
another and smaller specimen (Bodl. 987), consisting of some 
French verses by Guy de Faur, Sieur de Pybrac, written for 
Dr. Joseph Hall (afterwards the Bishop of Norwich), in 1617. 
These are described in the account of Mrs. Inglis, in Ballard's 
Memoirs of British Ladies. A third specimen of her work is 
in the Library of Ch. Ch. : it is a Psalter in French, presented 
to Queen Elizabeth in 1599, bound in embroidered crimson velvet, 
set with pearls 1 . 

The Douay Bible of 1609 was presented by Sir Rich. Anderson, 
and a Persian MS. of the Liturgy of the Greek Church by Sir 
Thos. Roe. The first architectural model also was given in this 
year ; but unfortunately it is not now extant. Its description is as 
follows: 'Clemens Edmonds, eques auratus, consilio Regis ab 
epistolis, donavit egregium napdSdyna quinque columnarum, nunc 
primum inventum, secundum formam rusticam, ex alabastrite 
singulari artificio confectum.' 

A.D. 1621. 

A gift of 5 is noticeable as coming from the Girdlers' Com- 
pany, ' Societas Zonariorum.' Sir Francis Bacon occurs as a 
donor of books. 

A.D. 1623. 

Delegates were appointed by Convocation to consider ' de 
modulo frontispicii Bibliothecae publicse in parte occidentali versus 
collegium Exon 2 .' 

1 An account of Mrs. Esther Inglis, and of all her known existing MSS., is 
preparing for publication by David Laing, Esq., LL.D., of Edinburgh. 
3 Reg. Conv. N. ff. 167, 169. 



5 o A. \\YALS OF THE 1624- 

A.D. 1624. 

' William, Bishop of Lincoln, and then Lord Chancellor of 
England, would have borrowed Paulus Benius Eugubinus De 
dirimend. Con/rovers, de Grat. et Lib. Ar&., but was deny'dV 

The first theft of a book from the Library occurred in this year. 
An account of it, with several others, will be found in a note to the 
year 1654. 

A.D. 1627. 

Andrew James, of Newport, Isle of Wight, is recorded to have 
given 'duas capsulas in quibus asservantur scripta vetustissima, 
exotici et ignoti characteris, alia stylo, calamo alia, in corticibus 
exarata, ex orientalis Indise partibus allata 2 .' An East India 
merchant, John Jourdain, gave four Arabic MSS., and Bacon's 
Works were presented by Peter Ince, a bookseller at Chester. It 
appears from the Register that Joseph Barnes, the Oxford printer 
and publisher, died in this year, as he bequeathed a legacy of 5. 

A.D. 1628. 

Twenty-nine MSS., all of which, except three, are Greek, were 
given by Sir Thomas Roe, who had previously been ambassador 
in Turkey, and who afterwards sat, at the commencement of the 
Long Parliament, as Burgess for the University, in company with 
Selden. One of the three exceptions is an original copy of the 

1 Barlow's MS. Arg. against lending books out of the Library ; see post, sub 
anno 1659. 

2 At the end of the Barocci collection (numbered 245, 246, in the Catalogue of 
1697) are two Javanese MSS., written on palm-leaves : the one written with a reed in 
the sacred or Pali character, preserved in a box ; the other written with a style in the 
common character, and having the leaves tied together in the usual manner between 
two boards. As there does not seem to be any evidence for supposing that Barocci's 
collection included any Oriental MSS., it is possible that these were the writings ' ignoit 
charracteris' given two years previously by Andr. James. 



-r 628 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 5 r 

Synodal Epistles of the Council of Basle, with the leaden seal 
attached; and another, a valuable Arabic MS. of the Apostolic 
Canons, &c, which is noticed at length by Selden in the second 
book of his treatise, De Synedriis Hebrceorum. Roe proposed 
that his books should be permitted to be lent out for purposes of 
printing, on proper security being given ; a proposition which was 
accepted by Convocation 1 . Special licence of borrowing Lord 
Pembroke's (the Barocci) and Roe's MSS. was granted by the 
donors themselves to Dr. Lindsell (afterwards Bishop of Peter- 
borough and Hereford) and Patrick Young, the keeper of the 
King's Library at St. James's. The latter is found, from the 
Register of Readers, to have used his privilege as late as Feb. and 
March, 1647-8, various volumes of Pembroke's MSS. being then 
lent to him, together with some marked 'Archbp.', which were 
doubtless Laud's 2 . 

The copy of Bacon's Essays (1625) which was presented by the 
author to the Duke of Buckingham, was given to the Library by 
Lewis Roberts, a merchant of London. It is now exhibited 
among the curiosities in the first glass case, as a specimen of 
binding, being clad in green velvet, embroidered with gold and 
silver thread, with the head of the duke worked in silk. The same 
donor also presented the copy of Bishop Williams' Funeral 
Sermon on James I, which had been given to the same duke by 
the author. Several other specimens of embroidered bindings are 
preserved in the Library, which are all, it is believed, compre- 
hended in the following list 3 : 

1 ' Reg. Conv. R. 1628. f. 6.' MS. note by Dr. P. Bliss. 

2 See sub anno 1635. 

3 A lady, whose name is not mentioned, but who is graced with the appellation of 
' heroina,' is recorded to have given to the University the Life of our Blessed Lord 
depicted in needle-work, ' byssina et aurata textura,' which was duly presented in 
Convocation on July 9, 1636. [Reg. Conv. R. 24.] It is not now preserved in 
the Library. 



3 2 ANNALS OF THE 1628- 

1. A part of L. Tomson's version of the New Test., printed by 
Barker, in 16 (in 1578 ?), now marked MS. e MUSGBO, 242. This 
belonged to Queen Elizabeth, and is bound in a covering worked 
by herself, with various mottos, e. g. ' Celum patria,' ' Scopus vitse 
Xpus/ &c. And on a fly-leaf occurs this note in her handwriting: 
' August [ine?]. I walke manie times into the pleasant fieldes of 
the Holye Scriptures, where I plucke up the goodlie greene herbes 
of sentences by pruning, eate them by reading, chawe them by 
musing, and laie them up at length in the hie seate of memorie by 
gathering them together; that so hauing tasted thy sweetenes I 
may the lesse perceave the bitternes of this miserable life 1 .' 

2. Another of Elizabeth's bibliopegic achievements is the cover 
of her own translation from the French of The Miroir or Glasse of 
the synnefutt Soule, executed when only eleven years old. She says 
that she translated it 'out of frenche ryme into englishe prose, 
joyning the sentences together as well as the capacitie of my 
symple witte and small lerning coulde extende themselves;' and 
prefixes a dedication, dated ' from Assherige, the laste daye of the 
yeare of our Lord God, 1544,' in which, 'to our moste noble and 
vertuous quene Katherin, Elizabeth her humble daughter wisheth 
perpetuall felicitie and everlasting ioye.' The volume consists of 
63 small quarto leaves, and has the queen's initials K. P. em- 
broidered within an ornamental border of gold and silver thread, 
on a ground of blue corded silk. It is numbered Cherry MS. 38. 

3. Dialogue de la Vie el de la Mart, trans, from the Italian by 
J. Louveau, and printed in imitation of MS., second edit., 12. 
Lyon, 1558. Red velvet, embroidered with gold and silver thread. 
A French inscription on a fly-leaf is in a handwriting resembling 
that of Queen Elizabeth. Bodl. MS., 660. 

1 This note is printed and the book described in Hearne's Appendix to Till Livii 
Forojul. Vit. Hen. V, and, from thence, in Ballard's Lives ; but not very correctly 
in either case. Also i-i Bliss' Reliqq. Hearn. i. 104. 



-i62 9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 53 

4. A Testament in 16, printed by Norton and Bill in 1625. 
Very thick and clumsy embroidery : on one side, David, in a 
flowing wig, playing on the harp, with a dog, dragon-fly, &c ; on 
the other, Abraham, in a similar wig and with a falling collar, 
stopped in the sacrifice of his son. There is a tradition that this 
formed part of a waistcoat of Charles I ; but it is not known on 
what evidence it rests, nor does the material seem likely to have 
been so employed. In the Douce collection. Exhibited in the 
glass case at the entrance of the Library. 

5. Bible, 8 Lond. 1639. Landscape, &c, worked in silk, with 
embroidery in gold and silver thread. Arch Bodl. D subt. 75. 

6. Prayer-book, New Test., and Metrical Psalms, 1630-1, bound 
by the nuns of Little Gidding. Exhibited in the glass case. 
Bought in 1866 for ^lo 1 . 

7. New Testament, printed at Cambridge in 1628, in i6 mo . This 
was the first edition printed there of any portion of the Authorized 
Version, and only the second of any English translation 2 . The 
binding of the Library copy (which was bought, in 1859, for five 
guineas) is covered with silver filigree work. 

Among Dr. Rawlinson's multifarious collections is a volume of 
curious early specimens of worked samplers, humorously lettered 
on the back, ' Works of Learned Ladies.' 

A.D. 1629. 

The extremely valuable series of Greek MSS., called from its 
collector the Barocci Collection, comprising 242 volumes, was 

1 In the life of Rich. Ferrar, junior, in Wordsworth's Eccl. Biogr. (third edit, 
vol. iv. p. 232) a note is quoted from a MS. stating that a copy of Ferrar's Whole 
Law of God, bound by the nuns of Gidding in green velvet, was given to the Uni- 
versity Library by Archbp. Laud. This is a mistake ; the book in question was 
given by the Archbishop to the library of his own college, St. John's, where it still 
remains. 

' 2 The first was the Genevan Version, printed in 1591. 



5-1 



ANNALS OF THE 1629 



presented by Will. Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, and Chancellor 
of the University. The manner of its acquisition is recorded in 
Archbp. Usher's correspondence. In a letter from Dublin of Jan. 
22, 1628-9, Usher says : ' That famous library of Giacomo Barocci, 
a gentleman of Venice, consisting of 242 manuscript volumes, is 
now brought into England by Mr. Featherstone the stationer 1 .' 
He recommended that the King should buy it, and add to it 
the collection of Arabic MSS. which the Duke of Buckingham 
had bought of the heirs of Erpenius 2 . On April 13, 1629, 
Sir H. Bourgchier writing to Usher, tells him that the Earl of 
Pembroke has bought the collection, for the University of Oxford, 
at the price of 700, and that it consists of 250 volumes 3 . It 
was forwarded to the University with the following letter, which 
is here copied from the Convocation Register, R. 24 (f. 9 b .) : 

' Good Mr. Vice-Chancelor, 

' Understanding of an excellent collection of Greke 
manuscripts brought from Venice, and thincking that they would 
bee of more use to the Church in being kept united in some 
publick Librarye then scattered in particular hands ; remembring 
the obligation I had to my mother the Universitie, first for 
breeding mee, after for the honor they did mee in making mee 
their Chancelor, I was glad of this occasion to repay some part 
of that great debt I owe her. And therefore I sent you downe 
the collection entire, which I pray present with my beste love to 
the Convocation house. And I shall unfaynedly remaine, 

' Your most assured freind, 
' Greenewich, the 25th of May, 1629.' ' PEMBROKE. 

The Earl was willing that the MSS. should, if necessary, be 

1 In the following year Mr. Henry Featherstone, bookseller in London, gave to 
the Library a number of Hebrew books. 

2 Parr's Life of Usher, Letters, p. 400. 

:; Ibid. Quoted in Sir H. Ellis' Letter* of Eminent Literary Men, Camden Soc.. 
1*43. p. i;,o. 



1 629 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 55 

allowed to be borrowed. And, in pursuance of this expressed 
wish, Patrick Young had, in 1648, the use of various MSS. from 
this collection, as we find from a memorandum at the end of 
the Register of Readers in 1648-9. But one MS. suffered in 
consequence considerable injury 1 . A further portion of the col- 
lection (consisting of 22 Greek MSS. and 2 Russian), which had 
been retained by the Earl, was subsequently purchased by Oliver 
Cromwell, and given by him to the Library in 1654. There 
they still bear the Protector's name; but, strange to say, no 
entry of the gift appears in the Benefaction Book 2 . These are 
all fully described in the first volume of the general Catalogue 
of MSS., published by Rev. H. O. Coxe in 1853. A Catalogue 
of the Barocci and Roe MSS., by Dr. Peter Turner, of Merton 
College, beautifully written, filling 38 folio leaves, is bound up 
among Selden's printed books, marked AA. i. Med. Seld. 

On Aug. 27, the Library was visited for the first time by 
King Charles and his Queen, little anticipating under what cir- 
cumstances that visit would be repeated. He was received with an 
oration by the Public Orator, Strode, a copy of which is preserved 
in Smith MS. xxvi. 26, and which, in the exaggerated style of 
the Court-adulation of the time, began with words that sound 
blasphemously in our ears, ' Excellentissime Vice-Dens' From the 
Library the King ascended to the leads of the Schools; and- 
there discussed the proposed removal of some mean houses in Cat 
Street, which then intervened between the Schools and St. Mary's 
Church. A plan of the ground and buildings was made at his 
desire, which was sent up to him at London. 

1 See sub anno 1654. 

3 Richard Cromwell proposed at one time to perpetuate his own name in the 
Library, together with his father's, by sending a collection of the addresses which 
had been made to him, in order to show the temper of the nation, and the readiness 
of the greatest persons ' to compliment people on purpose for secular interest.' 
irv Hearn. i. 263. 



56 ANNALS OF THE 1631- 

A.D. 1631. 

Charles Robson, B.D., of Queen's College, who had been 
Chaplain to the Merchants at Aleppo, gave a fine Syriac MS. 
of the Four Gospels, which he had brought from the East; it 
is now numbered Bodl. Orient. 361. Another MS. of his gift 
has been by some mistake placed amongst the Thurston MSS., 
No. 13. 

A.D. 1632. 

William Burton, the historian of Leicestershire, gave the original 
MSS. of Leland's Itinerary (together with a transcript of some 
parts) and of his Collectanea ; the former filling seven volumes 
in quarto 1 , and the latter (including the book De Scriptoribus 
Britannicis) four in folio. The Collectanea, after the death of 

__Leland, had been in the possession of Sir John Cheke, to whom 
Edward VI entrusted the custody of Leland's papers ; on his going 
into exile in the reign of Queen Mary, he gave them to Humphrey 
Purefoy, Esq., whose son, Thomas Purefoy, presented them to 
Burton in the year 1612. The Itinerary was first published by 
Hearne in 1710, in 9 vols.; the Collectanea in 1715, in 6 vols.; 
the De Scriptoribus, by Ant. Hall, in 1709. The MS. of the 
Itinerary is much stained and injured by damp ; but it is no longer 
in the perishable condition described by Hearne. There are, 

--besides, three transcripts of it in the Library; one, of part of 
the book (Bodl. 470) is a copy (mentioned above) which was 
made for Burton, and sent by him to Rouse, with a letter dated 
' Lindley, Leic. 17 July, 1632,' in which he describes it as being 
' written, though not with so fine a letter, yet with a judicious 

1 An eighth volume of the Itinerary was given by Charles King, M.A. of 
Ch. Ch. some time subsequently, having been lent by Burton and not recovered at 
the time of his own gift. 



-1633 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 57 

hand.' He says that another part is ' now (as I heere) in the 
hands of Doctor Burton, Archdeacon of Gloucester, which he 
received by loane from a freind of mine, but never yet restored ; 
the which, I thinke, upon request he will impart unto you;' and 
adds, ' Some more partes there were of this Itinerary, but through 
the negligence of him to whom they were first lent, are embesiled 
and gone.' He undertakes to send the three parts of the Col- 
lectanea and the book De Scriptt. Anglia, according to promise, 
as soon as he has done using them. Another copy, made by 
Burton himself in 1628, was given to Dr. W. Stukeley by Thomas 
Allen, Esq., lord of Finchley, in June, 1758, and finally came 
to the Library with Gough's collection. It is now numbered 
Gough, General Topog. 2. It is injured by damp at the beginning, 
but has been repaired by Stukeley. The third copy is a later 
transcript, also in Gough's collection, and numbered General 
Topog. i. 

A.D. 1633. 

A singular motto stamped upon the binding of two books, and 
it may be of more, within a border of cornucopise, &c., attracts the 
attention of the reader. The books are, vols. i. ii. of Du Chesne's 
Histories. Francorum Scrip/ores, 1636 (A. 2. 9. 10. Jur.), and Hal- 
loix's Ecclesi'ce Orientalis Scriplores, 1633 (G. 2. 3. Th.) ; the motto 
is, ' Coronasti annum bonitatis Tuse, Ps. 65. Annuo reditu quinque 
librarum Margaretse Brooke.' An explanation is found in an 
entry in the Benefaction-Register under the year 1632 or 1633, 
where we read as follows : ' D. Margareta Brooke, vidua, quondam 
uxor Ducis Brooke, de Temple-Combe in comitatu Somerset, 
armigeri defuncti, donavit centum libras, quibus perquisitus est 
annuus reditus quinque librarum ad coemendos libros in usum 
bibliothecae in perpetuum.' Probably the books thus stamped 
were the first that were bought after the final settlement of the 



5 8 ANNALS OF THE 1633- 

gift. The rent arises from land at Wick-Risington, in Gloucester- 
shire, and the sum duly appears to this day in the annual accounts 
of the Library. In 1655, the then Librarian, Barlow, makes a me- 
morandum in his accounts that the University had not paid over 
this rent for several years ; in consequence of his calling attention 
to this neglect, the arrears were paid up in 1658. At the same 
time the rents of the houses in Distaff Lane were heavily in arrear. 
A (second) gift from Sir Henry Wotton consisted of the copy of 
Tycho Brahe's Asironomice instaurandce mechanica, 1598, which 
the author gave to Grimani, Doge of Venice, containing several 
additional pages in MS. with two autograph epigrams ; and also of 
a MS. of the Ada Concilii Constantiensis, which had formerly be- 
longed to Card. Bembi, now numbered e Mtiscco, 25. 

A.D. 1634. 

In this year Sir Kenelm Digby gave a collection of 238 MSS. 

(including five rolls) all on vellum, uniformly bound, and stamped 
with his arms, which still form a distinct series. They are, for the 
most part, of the highest interest and importance, especially with 
reference to the early history of science in England. Amongst 
them are works by Roger Bacon, Grosteste, Will. Reade, John 
Eschyndon or Ashton, Roger of Hereford, Richard Wallingford, 
Simon Bredon, Thomas of New-market, and many others. They 
also comprise much relating to the general history of England, and 
are almost entirely the work of English scribes. Many of them 
had previously belonged to Thomas Allen, of Gloucester Hall, who-~ 
himself was a liberal donor to the Library. [See p. 19.] Two 
additional MSS., which formerly belonged to Digby, and which 
each contain his inscription, ' Hie est liber publicae Bibliothecae 
academiae Oxoniensis, K.D.,' were purchased in 1825. One of 
these, R, Baconis opuscula, was bought for 5 1 ; the other, a Latin 



-1634 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 59 

translation, by W. de Morbeck, of Proclus' Commentary on Plato, 
for 31 los. They are uniformly bound with the rest of the 
series, and are numbered 235 and 236 respectively. 

The donor stipulated that his MSS. should not be strictly con- 
fined to use within the walls of the Library. Archbishop Laud 
says, in the letter in which, as Chancellor, he announced the gift 
to the University, 'hee will not subiect these manuscripts to the 
strictnes of Sir Thomas Bodley's statutes 1 , but will haue libertie 
given for any man of woorth, that wilbee at the paines and charge to 
print any of these bookes, to haue them oute of the Librarye vpon 
good caution giuen; but to that purpose and noe other 2 .' But he 
afterwards left the University at liberty to deal as it pleased with 
his MSS. in this particular, as well as in all other questions that 
might arise concerning his books. In a letter to Dr. Langbaine, 
dated Nov. 7, 1654, he says: 'The absolute disposition of them in 
all occurrences dependeth wholly and singly of the University ; for 
she knoweth best what will be most for her service and advantage, 
and she is absolute mistress to dispose of them as she pleaseth 3 .' 
He mentions in the same letter two trunks of Arabic MSS. which 
he gave to Archbp. Laud to send to the University or to St. John's 
College, but he never heard whether they reached their destination 
or no. He promises also to send over some more MSS. from 
France when he has returned thither ; since, when the troubles of 
the Rebellion drove him into exile, he had carried his library with - 
him. Upon the Restoration, however, and his own return to 
England, he unfortunately left his books behind; and after his 
death they were confiscated by the French King as belonging to 
an alien, and subsequently sold. Doubtless the two MSS. acquired 
in 1825 were among those to which his letter refers. 

1 See under 1654-9. 2 Reg. Conv. R. 24, 102. From MS. note by Dr. Bliss. 
3 [Walker's] Letter* by Eminent Penonf, from the Bodl. and Afbm., 1813. vol. i. 
PP. 2, 3. 



6o 



ANNALS OF THE 1634- 



The first stone of the western end of the Library, with the Con- 
vocation House beneath, was laid on May 13, 1634; it was fitted 
up with shelves and ready for use by 1640. Selden's books were 
placed here in 1659. The hideous great west window is a monu- 
ment of the bad taste of the time ; it is much to be hoped that it 
may some day be replaced by a window more worthy of its con- 
spicuous position, and affording a less marked contrast with its 
opposite neighbour, the noble east window erected by Bodley 
himself. 

A.D. 1635. 

In this year Rouse issued an Appendix to the Catalogue pub- 
lished in 1620, consisting of 208 pages in quarto, in double 
columns, and containing, as he says, about 1500 authors. James, 
on the title-page of his Catalogue in 1620, speaks of an Appendix 
accompanying that issue; hence, probably, it is that the words 
' Editio secunda' are placed on the title of the Appendix of 1635. 
But, strange to say, no copy of the earlier Appendix can now be 
found existing in the Library. At the end of the later one is 
added [by John Verneuil, then Sub-Librarian,] an anonymous 
enlarged edition (which was also sold separately) of James' Cata- 
logus interpretum S. Script, in Bill BodL, with an Appendix of 
authors who had written on the Sentences and the Summa, on the 
Sunday-Gospels, on Cases of Conscience, on the Lord's Prayer, 
the Apostles' Creed, and the Decalogue. A book giving an ac- 
count of all the copies of the Catalogue sold between 1620-47, 
with the names of the purchasers, still exists, the latter part being in 
the handwriting of Verneuil ; but some leaves have been torn out 
at the year 1635. It appears from this book that the price of 
James' Catalogue was 2s. 8d., that of the Catalogue of Interpreters 
6d., of the Appendix 2s., and of the whole series complete &. 



-1636 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 61 

A.D. 1635-1640. 

The Register for these years presents a connected series of 
benefactions on the part of Archbishop Laud. 

On May 22, 1635, he sent to the Library the first instal- 
ment of his magnificent gifts of MSS. which consisted of 462 
volumes and five rolls. Among these were 46 Latin MSS., 
' e Collegio Herbipolensi [Wiirtzburg] in Germania sumpti A.D. 
1631, cum Suecorum Regis exercitus per universam fere Ger- 
maniam grassarentur.' Laud directs, in his letter of gift, that 
none of the books shall on any account be taken out of 
the Library, ' nisi solum ut typis mandentur, et sic publici et 
juris et utilitatis fiant,' upon sufficient security, to be approved 
by the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors; the MS., in such cases, 
being immediately after printing restored to its place in the 
Library 1 . This permission was acted upon in the year 1647-8, 
when Patrick Young, the Librarian of the Royal Library at 
St. James's, was allowed to have the use of several volumes 2 . 

In 1636, 181 MSS. formed the Archbishop's second gift, which 
were accompanied by five cabinets of coins in gold, silver, and 
brass, with a list arranged chronologically ; an Arabic astrolabe, 
of brass 3 ; two idols, one Egyptian, the other from the West 
Indies ; and the fine bust of King Charles I, ' singulari artificio 
ex purissimo sere conflatam,' which is now placed under the arch 
opening into the central portion of the Library. This beautiful work 
of art is believed by Mr. John Bruce, the learned Vice-President 
of the Society of Antiquaries, who is engaged in researches into 
the life and productions of Hubert Le Sceur, the artist of the 
statue at Charing Cross, to be, (as well as the bust given by Laud 

1 Reg. Conv. R. 24. f. ioc; b . MS. note by Dr. P. Bliss. 

2 Entry at the end of the Register of Readers, 1638-9. 

3 This was given to Laud by Selden, ' vir omni eruditionis gencre instructissimus,' 
as Laud styles him in his letter of gift on June 16. Reg. Conv. R. 24. f. 128. 



62 ANNALS OF THE 1635- 

to St. John's College,) a specimen of the skill of that famous 
craftsman. The existing arrangements of the Library being found 
insufficient for such large accessions, the lower end was fitted up 
in 1638-9 for the reception of Laud's books, for the cost of which 
300 was voted by Convocation 1 . In the following year, 555 
more MSS. were received, together with a magical wand or staff, 
and some additional coins. The wand is of dark polished wood, 
2 feet 9 inches long, with a grotesquely-carved figure at the 
head, apparently of Mexican workmanship : it is now kept in 
one of the Sub-Librarians' studies. The last gift from the munifi- 
cent Chancellor of the University came in the next year, 1640, 
and consisted of no more than 81 MSS.; for troubles were be- 
ginning to gather now around the head of the Archbishop, and 
the Library at Oxford felt the blows which were, levelled at 
Lambeth. This was accompanied with the following touching 
letter : 

' Viris mihi amicissimis Doctori Potter, Vice-Cancellario, reliquis- 
que Doctoribus, Procuratoribus, necnon singulis in domo Con- 
vocationis intra almam Universitatem Oxon. congregatis. 

' Non datur scribendi otium. Hoc tamen quale quale est 
arripio lubens, ut pauca ad vos transmittam, adhuc florentes 
Academici. Tempora adsunt plusquam difficillima, nee negotia 
quse undique urgent faciliora sunt. Quin et quo loco res Ecclesiae 
sint nemo non videt. Horum malorum fons non unus est ; unus 
tamen, inter alios, furor est eorum qui sanam doctrinam non 
sustinentes (quod olim observavit S. Hilarius) corruptam de- 
siderant. Inter eos qui hoc cestro perciti sunt quam difficile sit 
vivere, mihi plus satis innotescit, cui (Deo gratias !) idem est vivere 
et officium facere. 

' Sed mittenda haec sunt, nee enim quo fata ducunt datur scire. 
Nee mitiora redduntur tempora aut tutiora querimoniis. Interim 

1 Reg. Conv. R. 24. I56 b . i69 b . The agreements with one Thomas Richardson 
for the work are found there. 



1640 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 63 

velim sciatis me omnia vobis fausta et felicia precari, quo tuti 
sitis felicesque, dum hie inter sphaeras superiores stellae cujuslibet 
magnitudinis vix motum suum tenent, aut prae nubium crassitie 
debile lumen emittunt. 

' Dum sic fluctuant omnia, statui apud me in tuto (id est, 
apud vos spero) MS. quaedam, temporum priorum monumenta, 
deponere. Pauca sunt, sed prioribus similia, si non aequalia, et 
talia quae, non obstantibus temporum difficultatibus, in usum 
vestrum parare non destiti. Sunt vero inter haec Hebraica sex, 
Graeca undecim, Arabica tringinta quatuor, Latina viginti et unum, 
Italica duo, Anglicana totidem, Persica quinque, quorum unum, 
folio digestum ampliori, historian! continet ab orbe condito ad 
finem imperii Saracenici, et est proculdubio magni valoris. Haec 
per vos in Bibliothecam Bodleianam (nomen veneror, nee super- 
stitiose) reponenda, et cseteris olim meis apponenda, cupio, et sub 
eisdem legibus quibus priora dedi. Non opus est multis donum 
hoc nostrum nimis exile ornare, nee id in votis meis unquam 
fuit. Hoc obnixe et quotidie a DEO Opt. Max. summis votis peto, 
ut Academia semper floreat, in ea Religio et Pietas et quic- 
quid doctrinam decorare potest in altum crescat, ut tempestatibus 
quae nunc omnia perflant sedatis, tuto possitis et vobis et studiis 
et, prae omnibus, DEO frui. Quae vota semper erunt 

' fidelissimi et amantissimi Cancellarii vestri, 

' W. CANT. 1 
' Dat. ex aedibus meis 
' Lambethanis, 6 to Nov. 1640.' 

The collection, which contains in the whole nearly 1300 MSS., 
comprises works in very many languages : Hebrew, Chaldee, 
Syriac, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Armenian, Ethiopic, Chinese, 
Russian, Greek, Latin, French, German, Italian, Irish, Anglo- 
Saxon, and English are all represented. It is impossible, in the 
limits of this survey, to point out many of the treasures with 

1 Reg. Ccmv. R. 24'', 182". 



64 ANNALS OF THE 1635- 

which the collection abounds; but that which is pre-eminently 
styled ' Codex Laudianus' (numbered Laud, Gr. 35) must not, of 
course, be omitted. It is a MS. of the Acts of the Apostles, in 
quarto, consisting of 227 leaves, and containing the text in both 
Greek and Latin, in parallel columns. Its date has been variously 
fixed by critics, from the sixth to the eighth century ; Mr. Coxe 
places it towards the end of the seventh century, with whom 
Dr. Tischendorf, who examined it in 1865, and for whom some 
photographs of portions were executed, is believed to coincide. 
Some leaves are wanting at the end, commencing at chap. xxvi. 
29. It is the only MS. known to be extant which contains the 
peculiar readings (in number 74) cited by Bede in his Commentary 
as existing in the copy which he used ; it has consequently been 
conjectured, with much reason, that this was the very MS. which 
he possessed. It was published by Thomas Hearne in 1715, 
printed in capitals corresponding line for line with the MS., but 
not with entire correctness; only 120 copies were printed, and 
it is therefore one of the rarest in the series of his works. A 
very fairly engraved facsimile of one verse (vii. 2) is to be found 
in Home's Introduction. 

Another famous MS. (No. 636) is a copy of the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle, which ends at the year 1154, and appears to have been 
written in, and to have belonged to, the abbey of Peterborough, 
from its containing many additions relating thereto. And a 
third treasure calling for special mention is an Irish vellum MS. 
(No. 610), which contains the Psalter of Cashel, Cormac's Glos- 
sary, Poems attributed to SS. Columb-kill and Patrick, &C. 1 The 
Greek MSS. of the collection are fully described in vol. i. of the 

1 Four volumes of the miscellaneous collection on Irish affairs made by Sir 
G. Carew, afterwards Earl of Totness, are also to be found here. A list of their 
contents, as of those of the other volumes preserved at Lambeth and in University 
College, is printed in Mr. T. Duffus Hardy's Report to the Master of the Rolls on 
the Carle and Carew Papers, 8, Lond. 1864. 



-1640 BODLEIAN LIBRAR1 . 65 

Catal. Codd. Bibl. Bodl., by Mr. H. O. Coxe, published in 1853; 
the Latin, Biblical, and Classical, with the Miscellaneous, in Part I 
of the second volume, published by the same gentleman in 1858 ; 
the Oriental, in the various Catalogues of Uri, Nicoll, Fuse}-, 
Dillmann, and Payne Smith. 

One of the Wurtzburg books rescued from the Swedish soldiery 
is a magnificent Missal printed on vellum by Jeorius Ryser in 
1481, with illuminated initials. On a fly-leaf is the following note : 
'1481, Johannes Kewsch, vicarius in ecclesia Herb[ipolensiJ hunc 
librum comparavit propriis expensis, et pro omnibus, scil. perga- 
meno, impressura, rubricatione, illinatura, et ligatione, xviii. flor.' 
Then follows a bequest, in his own hand, in 1486, of the book to 
the successive vicars of St. Bartholomew, which is repeated at the 
end of the ' Canon Missae.' In the latter place four subsequent 
possessors, from 1565 to 1580, have written their names, the last 
of them adding, ' Omnis arbor qui non facit fructum bonum exci- 
detur et in ignem mittetur.' The Library reference is now 
Auct. i. Q. i. 7. 

A.D. 1637. 

A Bachelor of Arts and Fellow of St. John's College, one 
Abraham Wright, published the results of his lighter reading in the 
Bodleian in a little volume printed by Leonard Lichfield, which he 
entitled, Delitice Delitiarum, sive Epigrammatum ex optimis qid- 
busque hujus et novissimi seculi Poetis in amplissima ilia Bibliotheca 
Bodleiana, et pene omnino alibi ex lantibus, ui>do\oy!a. 

A.D. 1640. 

On Jan. 25, 1639-40, died Robert Burton, of Ch. Ch., ' Demo- 
critus junior,' and bequeathed out of his large library whatever 
he possessed which was wanting in the Bodleian. A list of 

F 



66 ANNALS OF THE 1640- 

the Latin books thus acquired is given in the Benefaction Book, 
followed by this sentence: 'Porro [d. d.] comcediarum, trage- 
diarum, et schediasmatum ludicrorum (prsesertim idiomate verna- 
culo) aliquot centurias, quas propter multitudinem non adjecimus.' 
These latter were just the classes of books the admission of which 
the Founder had almost prohibited, viz., ' almanacks, plays, and an 
infinite number that are daily printed.' Even if ' some little profit 
might be reaped (which God knows is very little) out of some of 
our play-books, the benefit thereof,' said he, 'will nothing near 
countervail the harm that the scandal will bring upon the Library, 
when it shall be given out that we stuffed it full of baggage 
books 1 .' In consequence of this well-meant but mistaken reso- 
lution, the Library was bare of just those books which Burton's 
collection could afford, and which now form some of its rarest and 
most curious divisions. In his own address ' To the Reader ' of 
his Anatomy of Melancholy he very fully describes the nature of his 
own gatherings. ' I hear new news every day ; and those ordinary 
rumours of war, plagues, fires, inundations, thefts, murders, mas- 
sacres, meteors, comets, spectrums, prodigies, apparitions, of 
towns taken, cities besieged in France, Germany, Turkey, Persia, 
Poland, &c. * * * * are daily brought to our ears; new 
books every day, pamphlets, currantoes, stories (&c.). Now come 
tidings of weddings, maskings, mummeries, entertainments, jubilees, 
embassies, tilts and tournaments, trophies, triumphs, revels, sports, 
plays; then again, as in a new shifted scene, treasons, cheating 
tricks, robberies, enormous villainies, in all kinds, funerals, burials, 
death of princes, new discoveries, expeditions ; now comical, then 
tragical matters.' His books are chiefly to be found in the classes 
marked 4 Art. (particularly under letter L), Theol., and Art. BS. 
Amongst his smaller books is one of the only two known copies of 



Bodl.y. 278. 






-1641 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 67 

the edition of Venus and Adonis in 1602. He is specially men- 
tioned also in the preface to Verneuil's Nomendator, 1642, as 
being (together with Mr. Kilby of Line. Coll., Mr. Prestwich, of 
All Souls', and Mr. Francis Wright, of Merton) a donor of Com- 
mentaries and Sermons. Besides his books, he bequeathed 100, 
with which an annual payment of 5 was obtained. For some 
time, however, this payment was subsequently lost ; for in Barlow's 
Accounts for 1655, a f ter mentioning the receipt of 40 paid by 
one Mr. Thomas Smith, occurs this ' Memorandum : that the 40 
above mentioned amongst the Recepta is a part of an 100 given 
to the Library by Mr. Rob. Burton of Ch. Ch. It was first lent to 
Mr. Thomas Smith, and he (by bond) was to pay to the Library 
5 per annum. He breaking, or very much decay'd in his estate, 
and deade, this 40 was payd in by his executors, 50 more is to 
be payd us by University Coll. (it was owinge to Mr. Smith, and 
his executors assigned it over to us), and Dr. Langbaine hath in 
his keepinge a bond of one Spencer for 10 more.' The latter 
was paid in 1658, as appears from an entry, ' Recept. a Dno. 
Spicer (sic) et Hopkins, ex syngrapha;' but the former was still 
unpaid in 1660. 



A.D. 1641. 

The famous ' Guy Fawkes' Lantern,' which is to this day such an 
object of interest in the Picture Gallery to most sight-seers, was 
presented to the University by Robert Hey wood, M.A., Brasenose 
College, who had been Proctor in 1639. It came into his posses- 
sion from his being the son of a Justice of the Peace who assisted 
in searching the cellars of the Parliament House, and arrested 
Fawkes with the lantern in his hand. In 1640 this Justice Hey- 
wood was wounded by a Roman Catholic when, while still holding 
office as a Justice for Westminster, he was engaged in proposing 

F 2 



68 



ANNALS OF THE 164-1- 



the oaths to the recusants of that city 1 . The following inscrip- 
tion is attached to it, engraved upon a brass plate : ' Laterna ilia 
ipsa, qua usus est et cum qua deprehensus Guido Faux in 
crypta subterranea, ubi domo Parlamenti difflandae operam dabat. 
Ex dono Rob. Hey wood, nuper Academic Procuratoris, Apr. 4, 
1641.' From being for many years exposed to the handling of 
every visitor, it became much broken ; but it has now for a long, 
time been secured from further injury by being enclosed in a 
glass case. 

In May an order was made by the Curators that no strangers 
should have the use of any MSS. without finding sureties for the 
safety of the same, in consequence of a suspicion that whole 
pages had been in some cases abstracted. Hereupon a very 
earnest, and, in sooth, indignant, remonstrance was presented to 
the 'Curatores vigilantissimi ' by the strangers then residing in 
Oxford 'studiorum causa.' The original document is preserved 
in Wood MS. F. 27, and is signed by eleven persons from Prussia 
and other parts of Germany, six Danes, and one Englishman 
(John Wyberd), a medical student. Some of these visitors are 
found, by reference to the Register of Readers, to have been 
students for a considerable time; the Baron ab Eulenberg, for 
instance, having been admitted on Jan. 18, 1638-9, and one Ven, 
a Dane, in 1633. The memorialists say that there is not even 
the very slightest ground for attributing such an offence to any 
of them, and that the Librarian himself candidly confesses that 
it has never been proved to him that strangers have ever done 
anything of the kind ; they urge the difficulty of their finding 
sponsors for their honesty when they themselves are strangers 
and foreigners; they appeal to Bodley's own statutes as pro- 
viding sufficiently for the contingency by ordering the Librarian 
to number the pages of a MS. before giving it out, and to 

1 Neal's History of (be Puritans, i. 688. 



-1642 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 69 

examine it when returned ; they fortify their arguments by abun- 
dant references to the civil law ; they upbraid those who, ' in- 
ternecino exterorum atque advenarum odio sestuantes (O cele- 
bratam Britanniae hospitalitatem !),' have originated the calumny ; 
and, finally, warn the Curators against giving occasion for sus- 
picion to the learned men of the whole world that ' doctos Anglise 
viros, priscse hospitalitatis immemores, majori exterorum quam 
Athenienses Megarensium odio flagrare.' The memorial is en- 
dorsed: 'De hac re amplius deliberandum censebant Prsefecti 
ult. Maii, 1641;' and no doubt the obnoxious order was soon 
repealed. Half a century later, on Nov. 8, 1693, the order was 
in a certain degree renewed : it was then enjoined ' that no one 
be permitted to transcribe any manuscript, but such as have a 
right to study in the Library.' The revival, however, was not due 
to any revived fear of foreigners ; the following reason is given 
in a letter of information on Library matters from Dr. Hyde to 
Hudson, his successor, written on the latter's appointment in 
1701 : ' Some in the University have been very troublesome in 
pressing that their Servitors may transcribe manuscripts for them, 
though not sworn to the Library, nor yet capable of being sworn ; 
wherefore the Curators made an order (as you will find in the 
Book of Orders in the Archives) "that none were capable of 
transcribing, except those who had the right of studying in the 
Library," viz. Batchelors 1 .' But no doubt this order also soon 
became dormant, even if it were not definitely repealed. 

A.D. 1642. 

'The Kinge, Jul. n, 1642, had 500 out of Sir Th. Bodlyes 
Chest, as appeares by Dr. Chaworthes acquittance in the same 
box.' (Barlow's Library Accounts for 1657. MS.) This loan was, 

1 Walker's Letters, of Eminent Men, 1X13, vol. i. p. 175. 



70 ANNALS OF THE 1642- 

of course, never repaid. It is regularly carried on in the Annual 
Accounts up to the year 1782. 

Nov. 30. ' At night the Library doore was allmost broken open. 
Suspitio de incendio, &c.' (Brian Twyne's Clusterings of the Univ., 
in Hearne's Chron. Dunst. p. 757.) 

It must have been about the close of this year or beginning 
of the next, while the king was in winter quarters at Oxford, 
that the visit was paid to the Library, which is the subject of 
the following well-known anecdote. It is here quoted from the 
earliest authority in which it is found, viz. Wehvood's Memoirs, 
Lond. 1700. pp. 105-107 : 

' The King being at Oxford during the Civil Wars, went one 
day to see the Publick Library, where he was show'd among other 
Books, a Virgil nobly printed and exquisitely bound. The Lord 
Falkland, to divert the King, would have his Majesty make a trial 
of his fortune by the Sortes Virgiliance, which everybody knows 
was an usual kind of augury some ages past. Whereupon the 
King opening the book, the period which happen'd to come up 
was that part of Dido's imprecation against ^Eneas, which Mr. 
Dryden translates thus : 

" Yet let a race untam'd, and haughty foes, 
His peaceful entrance with dire arts oppose, 
Oppress'd with numbers in th' unequal field. 
His men discourag'd, and himself expell'd, 
Let him for succour sue from place to place, 
Torn from his subjects, and his son's embrace. 
First let him see his friends in battel slain, 
And their untimely fate lament in vain : 
And when at length the cruel war shall cease, 
On hard conditions may he buy his peace. 
Nor let him then enjoy supreme command, 
But fall untimely by some hostile hand, 
And lye unburi'd in the common sand." 

(JEneid, iv. 88.) 

It is said K. Charles seem'd concerned at this accident, and 
that the Lord Falkland observing it, would likewise try his own 



-i 645 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 71 

fortune in the same manner; hoping he might fall upon some 
passage that could have no relation to his case, and thereby 
divert the King's thoughts from any impression the other might 
have upon him. But the place that Falkland stumbled upon was 
yet more suited to his destiny than the other' had been to the 
King's, being the following expressions of Evander upon the un- 
timely death of his son Pallas, as they are translated by the same 
hand : 

" O Pallas, thou hast fail'd thy plighted word, 
To fight with reason, not to tempt the sword. 
I warned thee, but in vain, for well I knew 
What perils youthful ardor would pursue ; 
That boiling blood would carry thee too far. 
Young as thou wert in dangers, raw to war. 
Oh ! curst essay of arms, disastrous doom, 
Prelude of bloody fields and fights to come." 

(JEneid, xi. 220.)' 

There is no copy of Virgil now in the Library amongst those 
which it possessed previously to 1642, which is 'exquisitely 
bound ' as well as ' nobly printed ; ' it is not therefore possible 
to fix on the particular volume which the King consulted. 



A.D. 1645. 

A small slip of paper, carefully preserved, is the memorial of an 
interesting incident connected with the last days in Oxford of the 
Martyr-King whose history is so indissolubly united with that of 
the place. Amidst all the darkening anxieties which filled the 
three or four months preceding the surrender of himself to the 
Scots, King Charles appears to have snatched some leisure mo- 
ments for refreshment in quiet reading. His own library was no 
longer his; but there was one close at hand which could more 
than supply it. So, to the Librarian Rous, (the friend of Milton, 
but whose anti-monarchical tendencies, we may be sure, had 



7 2 . 1. \\VALS OF THE 1645- 

always hitherto been carefully concealed) there came, on Dec. 30, 
an order, 'To the Keeper of the University Library, or to his 
deputy,' couched in the following terms : ' Deliver unto the bearer 
hereof, for the present use of his Majesty, a book intituled, Hisloire 
-universelle du Sieur D Aubigne, and this shall be your warrant;' and 
the order was one which the Vice-Chancellor had subscribed with 
his special authorization, ' His Majestyes use is in commaund to 
us. S. Fell, Vice Can.' But the Librarian had sworn to observe 
the Statutes which, with no respect of persons, forbad such a re- 
moval of a book ; and so, on the reception of Fell's order, Rous 
' goes to the King ; and shews him the Statutes, which being read, 
the King would not have the booke, nor permit it to be taken out 
of the Library, saying it was fit that the will and statutes of the 
pious founder should be religiously observed 1 .' 

Perhaps a little of the hitherto undeveloped Puritan spirit may 
have helped to enliven the conscience of the Librarian, who, had 
he been a Cavalier, might have possibly found something in the 
exceptional circumstances of the case, to excuse a violation of the 
rule ; but, as the matter stood, it reflects, on the one hand, the 
highest credit both on Rous's honesty and courage, and shows 
him to have been fit for the place he held, while, on the other 
hand, the King's acquiescence in the refusal does equal credit to 
his good-sense and good-temper. We shall see that this oc- 
j;urrence formed a precedent for a like refusal to the Protector in 
1654 by Rous's successor, when Cromwell showed equal good 
feeling and equal respect for law. 

A.D. 1646. 

' When Oxford was surrendered (24 Junii, 1646) the first thing 
Generall Fairfax did was to set a good guard of soldiers to pre- 

1 Up. B,tri' w'i A ilii'-t Lending Books. ;V-V 



-i 647 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 73 

serve the Bodleian Library. Tis said there was more hurt donne 
by the Cavaliers (during their garrison) by way of embezzilling and 
-cutting off chaines of bookes then there was since. He was a 
lover of learning, and had he not taken this special care, that noble 
library had been utterly destroyed, for there were ignorant senators 
enough who would have been contented to have had it so. This 
I doe assure you from an ocular witnesse, E. W. esqV 

A.D. 1647. 

John Verneuil, M.A , Sub-librarian, died about the end of Sep- 
tember. He was a native of Bordeaux, and came into England as 
a Protestant refugee shortly before 1608. In that year he entered 
at Magdalene College, and was incorporated M.A. from his own 
University of Montauban in 1625. Besides his share in the Ap- 
pendix to the Catalogue noticed under the year 1635, the following 
small book of a similar kind in English was issued by him : 
A Nomenclaior of such Tracts and Sermons as have beene printed, or 
translated into English upon any place or booke of Holy Scripture ; 
now to be had in the most famous and publique Library of Sir Thomas 
Bodhy in Oxford. This is the title of the second and enlarged 
edition, which appeared in 1642 in a small duodecimo volume, 
printed at Oxford, by Henry Hall. The first edition (which was 
not entirely confined to books in the Library) was printed under 
the author's initials by William Turner in 1637. Some books 
communicated by friends are here cited, which would, says Ver- 
neuil, have been accessible in the Bodleian, 'had the Company of 
Stationers beene as mindfull of their covenant as my selfe have 
beene zealous for the good of this our Library.' In an interesting 
undated letter from Sir Richard Napier, Knt. (while apparently an 
undergraduate of Wadham College, before 1630) to his uncle the 

1 Aubn-y'* /./tr- . in l.e.'ttr* >>y Eminent 7Vrv >. li. 34^). 



74 ANNALS OF THE 1647- 

Rev. Richard Napier, which is preserved in Ashmole MS. 1730, 
fol. 1 68, is the following curious passage relating to the facilities for 
studying in the Library, which were afforded to him by Verneuil : 

' I have made a faire way to goe into the Library privately when 
I please, and there to sitt from 6 of the clocke in the morneing to 
5 at night. I have a private place in the Library to lay those 
bookes and to write out what I list, without being scene by any, 
or any comeing to me. I have made the second Keeper of the 
Library [z. e. VerneuilJ my friend and servant, who promised me 
his key at all tymes to goe in privately, when as otherwise it is not 
opened above 4 houres a day, and some days not att all, as on 
Hollidays, and their eves in the afternoone, yett then by his 
meanes I shall [have] free accesse and recesse at all tymes. He 
hath pleasured me so farr as to lett me write in his counting house, 
or his little private study in the great publick library, where I may 
very privately write, and locke up all safely when I depart thence ; 
he will write for me when I have not the leisure, or will transcribe 
any thinge I shall desire him, and if it be French translate it, for 
that is his mother tonge.' 

Probably the practice here mentioned of admitting readers by 
favour into the Library at unstatutable times grew in the course of 
years to a considerable height, or was found (as might naturally 
be expected) productive of mischievous consequences, for on 
Nov. 8, 1722, it was 'ordered by the Curators that no person 
under any pretence whatsoever be permitted to study in the said 
Library at any other time than what is prescribed and limited by 
the Bodleian Statutes.' 

Verneuil was succeeded in his office in the Library by Francis 
Yonge, M.A., of Oriel College. 

Milton's gift of his Poems. See under 1620. 

A.D. 1648. 

At the end of the Readers' Register for 1647-8, 1648-9, is a list 
of nine volumes ' olim surrepti,' of which five had been replaced by 



-1649 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 75 

other copies. Entries are made in the same place of some coins 
which were given in 1648 50. At this period the Library appears 
to have been well attended by readers; about twelve or fifteen 
quarto and octavo volumes being daily entered, those of folio size 
being accessible (as, in regard to a portion of the Library, is still 
the case) by the readers themselves, and not registered because at 
that time chained to their shelves. The register for the next years 
(as well as those which followed, up to the year 1 708) appears to 
be lost, so that it cannot be ascertained whether this daily average 
continued during the Usurpation ; but thus far it seems that Dr. John 
Allibond's description of the state of the Library as consequent on 
the Puritan visitation of the University in 1648,13 not borne out by 
facts. For that loyal humourist, in his Rustica Academtce Oxoniensis 
nuper reformats Descriptio, which is supposed to commemorate the 
condition of Oxford in Oct. 1648, writes thus of our Library: 

' Conscendo orbis iliud decus 

Bodleio fundatore : 
Sed intus erat nullum pecus, 
Excepto janitore. 

Neglectos vidi libros multos, 

Quod mimime mirandum : 
Nam inter bardos tot et stultos 

There's few could understand 'em.' 



A.D. 1649. 

'The Jews proffer 600,000 for Paul's, and Oxford Library, 
and may have them for 200,000 more 1 .' They wished to obtain 
the first for a synagogue, and to do a little commercial business 
with the second. It is said in Monteith's History of the Troubles 
(translated by Ogilvie, 1735, p. 473) that the sum they offered was 

1 London News-letter of April 2 ; printed in Carte's Collection of Letters, vol. i. 

I 1 - 275- 



76 AWALS OF THE 1649- 

.500,000, but that the Council of War refused to take less than 
800,000 : probably they afterwards increased this their original 
bid to 600,000. 

Philip, Earl of Pembroke, the Puritan Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity, gave a splendidly bound copy of the Paris Polyglott, 
printed in 1645 in 10 vols. 

A.D. 1652. 

John Rous, the Librarian, died in the beginning of April, 
probably on April 3, as, the Statutes requiring the election of 
Librarian to take place within three days of a vacancy, it 
was on the 6th of that month that Thomas Barlow, M.A., 
Fellow of Queen's College, was unanimously elected to be Rous's 
successor. At the same time certain orders were read in Con- 
vocation which the Curators had made, for the formation by the 
Librarian of a Catalogue of the coins and other rarities, providing 
also that they should be regularly visited and verified by the 
Curators every November 1 . 

A legacy of 20 from Rous to the Library is entered in the 
Benefaction Register, under the year 1661, probably because it may 
not have been actually received until that year. 

A.D. 1653. 

Fifteen MSS., by Spanish authors, were given by Peter Pott, 
LL.B., Fellow of All Souls' College ; and a sacred Turkish vest- 
ment of linen (e Mus. 45) on which the whole of the Koran is 
written in Arabic, by Richard Davydge, an East Indian merchant. 

A.D. 1654. 

'April last, 1654, my Lord Protector sent his letter to Mr. Vice- 
Chancellor to borrow a MS. (Joh. de Muris) for the Portugal 

1 Keg. T. 158-9.' MS. Note by Dr. P. Bliss. 



-i659 BODLEIAX LJBRARV. 77 

Ambassador. A copy of the Statute was sent (but not the book), 
which when his Highness had read, he was satisfy'd, and com- 
mended the prudence of the Founder, who had made the place 
so sacred 1 .' 

Cromwell's gift of MSS. See under 1629. 

A.D. 1654-1659. 

The death of John Selden occurred on Nov. 3O 2 . By his will 
the Library became possessed at once of his collection of Oriental 
and Greek MSS., together with a few Latin MSS. specially desig- 
nated, as well as of such of his Talmudical and Rabbinical books 
as were not already to be found there. It has generally been 
supposed that no part of his library was received before the year 
1659, and that none at all was actually bequeathed by Selden. 
The account usually given (taken from Burnet's Life of Sir M. 
Hales, p. I56 3 ) is that Selden \fas so offended with the University 
for refusing the loan of a MS., except upon a bond for 1000, 
that he revoked that part of his will which left his library to the 
Bodleian, and put it entirely at the free disposal of his executors, 
and that they, when five years had passed, during which the 
Society of the Inner Temple (to whom it was first offered) had 

1 Barlow's Argument against Lending Books out. 

- As Aubrey (Lives, with Letters by Eminent Persons, ii. 532) has preserved a story 
that Selden oh his death-bed refused, through Hobbes' persuasion, to see a clergyman 
(Mr Johnson) who was coming 'to assoile him,' it is worth while to print the 
following notice of his death from Rawlinson MS. B. clviii. fol. 75. a volume 
containing a collection of biographical anecdotes, &c, written in a rather clumsy 
copyist's hand, about the beginning of the last century : ' Mr. Selden upon his death- 
bed disclaimed all Hobbisme and the like wicked and Atheistical! opinions, com- 
manded that neither Mr. Hobbs nor Capt. Rossingham should be admitted to him, 
confessed his sins, and desired absolution, which was given him by Archbp. Usher ;- 
but amongst other things he much deplored the loss of his time in studying of things 
more curious than useful], and wished that he [had] rather executed the office of 
a justice of peace than spent his time in that which the world calls learning.' 

3 See also Aubrey's Live!, i/t sitfrft, ii. 536. 



78 ANNALS OF THE 1654- 

taken no steps to provide a building for its reception, conceiving 
themselves to be executors not of Selden's passion but of his 
will, sent it in 1659 to its original destination 1 . But it is clear 
from Selden's will (as printed by Wilkins in his Works, vol. i. 
p. Iv.) that the books mentioned above were really bequeathed by 
him to Oxford; a line or two appears to be somehow omitted, 
by which the sense of the passage is lost, and in consequence of 
which the name of the Library does not appear, but there is a 
general reference to it both in the specification of such Hebrew 
books as are ' not already in the Library/ and in the mention 
of the ' said Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars ' of the University 
(although no previous mention of them occurs); while all other 
books not thus conveyed are left to the disposal of his executors. 
But a letter from Langbaine to Pococke, written from London 
only three days after Selden's death, furnishes proof positive ; for 
there the former writes, as executor, that all the Oriental MSS., 



with such Rabbinical and Talmudical printed books as were not 
already in the Library, and the Greek MSS. not otherwise disposed 
of, are left to Oxford 2 . And in the Annual Accounts, under the 
year 1655, we find the following entries : 

Pro vectura codicum MSS. a Londino Oxoniam . . . . o 95. 

D. Langbaine pro expensis cum Londinum petiit, libros a Seldeno 

legates repetiturus ....... 50 

D. Ed. Pococke eodem tempore in rem eandem Londinum misso . 7 o 

It is clear, therefore, that a portion of Selden's collection^ 
came to the Library by his bequest immediately after his 
death. And the reason why the whole was not bequeathed is 



1 Nichols (Lit. Anecd. i. 333) gives another and very different story, for which he 
produces no authority. He says that Selden had actually sent his library to Oxford 
during his lifetime, but hearing that they had lent out a book without sufficient 
cannon, he sent for it back again. 

- Twills' Life of Pococke, in Pococke's Tbeol. Works, 1740, vol. i. p. 43. 



-i 659 BOB LEI AN LIBRARY. 79 

certainly not correctly stated by Burnet, nor even by Wood, 
who says that he had been informed that it was because the 
borrowing of certain MSS. had been refused. For the Convo- 
cation Register shows that a grace was passed in Convocation, 
on Aug. 29, 1654, which sanctioned the giving leave to Selden 
to have MSS. from the collections of Barocci, Roe, and Digby 
(these donors having either expressed an opinion, or distinctly 
stipulated, that the rigour of the Library Statutes should some- 
times be relaxed), provided he did not have more than three at 
a time, and that he gave bond in 100 (not 1000) for the 
return of each of them within a year 1 . Had these conditions 
been really the cause of Selden's taking offence, his executors 
would hardly have stipulated, as they actually did, in their 
own conditions of gift, that no book from his collection should 
hereafter be lent to any person upon any condition whatso- 
ever. But there is certainly some obscurity hanging over 
the matter, which probably may be dispersed by further inves- 
tigation. The writer of the sketch of the history of the Bod- 
leian prefixed to Bernard's Cat. MSS., after quoting Wood's 
account, only says, when barely more than forty years had 
elapsed, that he will not venture to speak rashly about the case 
of the lending of books ; as if it were already forgotten how the 
facts stood. On the proposal to lend being first mooted, Barlow, 
the Librarian, drew up a paper on the general question, in which 
he opposed it both on the grounds of Statute and expediency ; 
the original MS. of which still exists in the Library. Selden was 
at first mentioned in this paper by name, with distinct reference 
to his application ; but the name was subsequently crossed out 
wherever it thus occurred, and the subject treated without any 

1 Reg. Conv. T. p. 251. It is added, as an additional reason for the concession. 
' porro spes sit viruin in rein nostram academicam optima atli-clum, hanc ei extra 
ordincm gratiam factam atnimlc olini compi-iisatururn.' 



ANNALS OF THE 1654- 

personal reference 1 . In this paper the Librarian objects to the 
proposal, firstly, on the ground of precedent, since, though the 
University had power, with the joint consent of the Chancellor, 
Heads of Houses, and Convocation, to lend books, yet it had 

1 A copy also exists of this paper made by Hearne with a view to publication, 
and, as appears from a short preface by him, from a double motive ; firstly, to prevent 
persons taking offence in his own day at refusals; secondly, to afford warning to 
persons with ' fanatical consciences,' who seem to have thought there was no harm 
done in carrying books away secretly, provided they returned them again. Unfor- 
tunately ' consciences ' such as these still exist, and there is reason for quoting, with 
a present application, the words with which the warm-hearted Hearne concludes : 
' Let these men consider seriously how they will answer this before God, and withall 
assure themselves that if they be found out, they will, besides the punishment like to 
come upon them hereafter (without an earnest, hearty repentance) be expos'd to all 
that infamy and disgrace which the Statute enjoyns to be inflicted upon such 
notorious offenders.' (Misc. MSS. papers relating to the Library.) 

The first actual theft of a book occurred in 1624. At the Visitation on Nov. 9, 
the Curators drew up a formal document, publishing and denouncing the deed, and 
exhorting the unknown doer to a timely repentance. A copy of it is preserved 
in volume 23 of Bryan Twyne's Collections, in the University Archives (p. 683), 
and runs as follows : 

' Cum in hac visitatione nostra anniversaria Bibliothecae Bodleianae, post diligentem 
et religiosam status ejus pro officii nostri ratione examinationem factam, compertum 
sit volumen unum (Jod. Nahumus. Cone, in Evangelia Dominicalia. Han. 1604. 
N. I. 3 1 ) in classe Theologica, catena abscissum et sacrilega nebulonis alicujus manu 
surreptum esse ; Cumque ex fideli Bibliothecarii relatione (pensatis loci atque tem- 
poris circumstantis) constet, non nisi a jurato aliquo facinus hoc detestabile per- 
petratum esse ; 

' Nos Curatores, quorum fidei et inspectioni Bibliothecae cura special! nomine a 
Nobilissimo Fundatore concredita est, insolentis facti indignitate moti et perculsi, 
quamvis liber parabilis, exigui et pretii et usus sit, ne tamen lend plus quam par est, 
et frigidi in causa tanti momenti videamur, post maturam deliberationem, program- 
mate affixo, facinus publicandum duximus ; 

' Impense rogantes omnes et singulos cujuscunque ordinis et loci genuinos 
Acadejnia alumnos, ut sicubi librum offendant, sive in privatis musaeis, sive in biblio- 
polarum officinis, restituendum curent, unaque operam nobiscum conferant, ut, si fieri 
possit, hoc propudium hominis, Bibliothecarum peslis et tenebrio sacrilegus, e latibulis 
suis in lucem extrahatur ; denique, odium et indignationem suam contribuant, saltern 
ut publicae infamise tuba miser experrectus, misericordiam divinam tempestive im- 
ploret, conspecta vel Bibliotheca- porta posthaec attonitus resiliat, nee tanti putet libri 

1 This was never recovered, but a later edition, in iCog, was procured instead. 



-i 659 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 81 

never thought fit to do so, except with regard to Lord Pem- 
broke's MSS. ; secondly, on the ground that if the rule were once 
broken, it would be impossible to refuse any person, without 
incurring great odium, while the gratifying all applicants would 

contemptibilis acquisitioiiem ut animam pro qua mortuus est Christus ineptissime 
periclitari'sinat. 

JO. PRIDEAUX, Vice-Cane, et S. Theol. Professor Regius. 

THO. CLAYTON, Medic. Professor Regius. 

DANIEL EASTCOT ; Procurator Sen. 

RICARDUS HILL, Procurator Jun. 

EDOARDUS MEETKERKIUS, Ling. Hebr. Professor Regius. 

JOHANNES SOUTH, GTXCX Linguse Przlector Regius.' 

More serious abstractions, however, than such as these, have lately (i. e. 
within the last twenty or thirty years) been practised. It has recently been dis- 
covered that two extremely rare tracts by Thomas Churchyard, his Epitaph of Sir 
P. Sidney, and Feast full of sad Cbeere, have been cut out of the volume of 
tracts in which they were bound up. May it be hoped that Book-lovers, as well as 
lovers of honesty, will remember this, should unknown copies suddenly come to light ? 
Another book, mentioned by Wharton as being in Tanner's collection, Tbe Children 
of tbe Cbapel Stript and Wbipt, is also not forthcoming ; but no trace of its actual 
existence at any time within the walls of the Library has, as yet, been found. As 
in the course of making a new General Catalogue of the whole library, every separate 
volume and tract is now conspicuously stamped with the name of its locale, it is hoped 
that depredations of this character will be entirely checked. 

Two instances, however, in which ' consciences ' have been sufficiently awakened 
to make restitution of stolen goods, have occurred within the last twenty years. 
In 185- (exact year forgotten), on a day on which a Convocation had been held on 
some exciting subject, which had consequently brought up country voters from all 
parts, the present writer happened to notice that a small book had been laid in a shelf 
of folios near the Library door. Taking it up, he found it to be a rare volume of tracts 
by J. Preston and T. Goodwin, printed at Amsterdam, and bearing a Library reference. 
On proceeding to restore it to its place, that place was found to be occupied by 
another book ; this, of course, led to further examination, and it was then discovered 
that the former volume had been missing for so many years, that at last, all hope of 
its recovery being abandoned, its place had been filled up. The old register-books of 
readers were then ransacked, and at length an entry was found of the delivery of this 
book to a reader, who was still living at the time of this Convocation, on Feb. 14, 
1807. A quarto volume was also found about the same time thrust in amongst other 
quartos in a shelf near the door, but the particulars of this case have been forgotten. 
A third case of recovery, but of a different kind, occurred in 1851. In the year 
1789 the Library was visited by Hen. K. G. Paulus, of Jena, afterwards the too-well- 
known author of the Leben Jesu, who copied from Pococke MS. 32 (a small < 



8 2 ANNALS OF THE 1654- 

disperse into private hands the books intended for the public. He 
then proceeds as follows : 

' 3. Suppose 3 bookes at a time be sent to any private man, 'tis 
true he is furnish'd, but 'tis manifestly to the prejudice of the 
Publick, the University wanting those books while he has them; 
so that if any forreigner coming hither from abroad desire to see 
them, or any at home desire to use them, both are disappointed, 
to the diminution of the honour of the University, in the one, 
and the benefit it might have by those books, in the other. And 
therefore it seems more agreeable to reason and the public good 
(and the declared will and precept of our prudent and pious 
Founder 1 ) not to lend any books out of the Library; for by not 

volume) an Arabic translation of Isaiah made, in Hebrew characters, by R. Saadiah, 
which he published in the following year, transposed into Arabic characters. Thence- 
forward the MS. was lost from the Library, although no direct evidence of the 
manner of its disappearance appears to have been obtained. But after the death of 
Paulus in the year 1850, a bookseller at Breslau, to whom the volume had in some 
way been offered, entered into communication with the Librarian, Dr. Bandinel, and 
the result was that the missing MS. was at length restored, clothed in an entirely 
different German binding, and with all trace of its original ownership removed, to its 
right place. The abstraction of this MS. ' by an Oriental professor,' and its recovery, 
are mentioned, without further particulars, by Dr. Pusey, in his Evidence printed in 
the University Report upon the Recommendations of the University Commissioners, 

1853. P- l?i. 

1 Bodley frequently in his letters expresses his positive determination not 
books to be removed from the Library by any means. He mentions the having 
connived at first at Sir H. Savile's having a book for a very short space of time, be- 
cause he was like to become a very great benefactor ; but declares that after the 
making the Statutes neither he nor any one else shall be allowed the same liberty 
upon any occasion whatsoever. (Reliquice Bodl. pp. 176, 264.) And in another 
letter he says, in reference to a particular application, ' The sending of any book out 
of the Library may be assented to by no means, neither is it a matter that the Uni- 
versity or Vice-Chancellor are to deal in. It cannot stand with my publick resolution 
with the University, and my denial made to the Bishop of Glocester and the rest of 
the Interpreters [i.e. the Translators of the Authorized Version of the Bible] in their 
assembly in Christ Church, who requested the like at my hands for one or two books.' 
(Ibid. p. 207.) In 1636 the University refused leave to Archbishop Laud to borrow 
Rob. Hare's MS. Liber Privilegiorum Universitatis (compiled in 1592), when the 
Archbishop was prosecuting his claim to visit the two Universities as Metropolitan. 
Rut the refusal was doubtless rather from jealousy respecting their immunities (as 



-i6 ; -,9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 83 

lending, private persons only want the use of those books which 
are another's, whereas by lending, the University wants the use 
of those books which are her own. Sure no prudent man can 
think it fit to gratify particular persons with the publick detri- 
ment. 

' 4. The Library is a magazine which the pious Founder hath 
fix'd in a publick place for a publick use ; and though his charity 
to private persons is such that he will hinder none (who is justly 
qualify'd and worthy) to come to it, yet his charity to the publick 
is such that he would not have it ambulatory, to goe to any private 
person. And sure 'tis more rational that Mahomet should go to 
the mountaine, than that the mountaine should come to Mahomet. 

' 5. Lending of books makes them lyable to many casualties, 
as, I. absolute losse, either i. in via, by the carrier's negligence, 
or violence offer 'd him, or, 2. in iermino, they may be lost by the 
person that borrows them; for (presuming the person noble, and 
carefull for their preservation, yet) his house may be burn'd, or 
(by robbers) broken open (as Mr. Selden's unhappily was not long 
since) : or, (in case they scape these casualties) they may be 
spoyl'd in the carriage, as by sad experience we find, for above 
60 or 100 leaves of a Greek MS. 1 lent out of Archiva Pembro- 
chiana to Mr. Pat. Younge were irrecoverably defaced. Now 
what has happen'd heretofore may happen hereafter; and there- 
fore to keep them sacredly (and without any lending) in the 
Library (according to our good Founder's will and statute) will 
be the best way for their preservation.' 

Barlow adds finally, in the sixth and seventh places, that if all 
lending were declared unlawful, it would greatly encourage others 
to give more to the Library when they saw how religiously their 
gifts would be preserved, and that if no exceptions were made 

Wood says) than from regard to the rules of the Library (Hviber's English Univer- 
sities, by F. Newman, vol. ii. p. 45.) However, the book was at last produced 
1 fore the Council. (Wood's Hist, and Antiq., by Gutch, vol. ii. p. 403.) 
1 ' Mi>piu/9i0Aos, num. 131 ' [Rarocci]. 



84 ANNALS OF THE 1654- 

(except, as allowed by Archbp. Laud, for the purpose of printing), 
no applications would be made, and no one would take it ill if he 
were denied. 

Another reason for Selden's withholding his library in its entirety 
has, however, been assigned, besides those mentioned above, and 
this, too, by closely contemporary writers. In July, 1649, the new 
intruded officers and fellows of Magdalene College found in the 
Muniment-room in the cloister-tower of the College, a large sum of 
money in the old coinage called Spur-rqyals v , or Ryals, amounting 
to 1400, the equivalent of which had been left by the Founder as 
a reserve fund for law expenses, for re-erecting or repairing build- 
ings destroyed by fire, &c, or for other extraordinary charges. 
This gold had been laid up and counted in Q. Elizabeth's time 
and had remained untouched since then; consequently, although 
some of the old members of the College were aware of its exist- 
ence, to the new-comers it seemed a welcome and unexpected 
discovery, especially as the College was at the time heavily in debt. 
They immediately proceeded to divide it among all the members 
on the Foundation proportionately, not excluding the choristers, 
(who were at that time undergraduates), the Puritan President, 
-Wilkinson, being alone opposed to such an illegal proceeding, and 
being with difficulty prevailed upon to accept 100 as his share, 
which, however, upon his death-bed he charged his executors to 
repay. The spur-royals were exchanged at the rate of i8s. 6d. to 
2O.r. each, and each fellow had 33 of them. But when the fact of 
this embezzlement of corporate funds became known, the College 
was called to account by Parliament, and, although they attempted 
to defend themselves, they individually deemed it wise to refund 
the greater, or a considerable, part of what had been abstracted. 2 

1 These were gold coins, of the value of fifteen shillings, which derived their name- 
from bearing a star on the reverse which resembled the rowel of a spur. 

- A few of these coins are still preserved in an ancient chest in the same room 



-1659 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 85 

Fuller, whose Church History was published in the year following 
Selden's death, after telling this scandalous story, proceeds thus 
(book ix. p. 234) : ' Sure I am, a great antiquarie lately de- 
ceased (rich as well in his state as learning) at the hearing hereof 
quitted all his intention of benefaction to Oxford or any place else, 
on suspition it would be diverted to other uses, on the same token 
that he merrily said, I think the best way for a man to perpetuate 
his memory is to procure the Pope to canonize him for a saint, 
for then he shall be sure to be remembred in their Calender; 
whereas otherwise I see all Protestant charity subject to the 
covetousness of posterity to devour it, and bury the donor thereof 
in oblivion.' And the name of this 'great antiquarie' was supplied 
in 1659 by the Puritan writer Henry Hickman, who, as a Demy 
of Magdalene College, had shared in the spoils. He, in the 
Appendix to his Justification of the Fathers and Schoolmen, gives 
(in answer to a passage in Heylin's Examen Historicuni) a full 
account of the dividing of the gold, adding, ' which, as is said, did 
hinder Mr. John Selden from bestowing his library on the Uni- 
versity.' And Wood (Hist, and Antiq. by Gutch, ii. 942) says that 
he had been told that this misappropriation was one reason 
of Selden's distaste at Oxford. From all this it is clear that 
_JBurnet's narrative gives a very inaccurate account of the 
matter. 

It was in the year 1659 that the great mass of Selden's col- 
lection was forwarded by his executors. In the accounts for 1660 
appear payments to Barlow of 20 ' for his paines in procuring 
Mr. Selden's books,' and of 51 for his expenses thereon. The 

where they were of old deposited. Here is also carefully preserved a very large and 
valuable collection of early charters, including all which belonged to the Hospital of 
St. John Bapt. upon the site of which the College was built, and to several suppu-oi 
priories which were annexed to the College, reaching back to the twelfth century. 
Of these the author of this volume is engaged in preparing a MS. catalogue, for the 
the College. 



86 ANNALS OF THE 1654- 

bringing the books from London cost about 34, and the pro- 
viding chains for them 25 ios. 1 Unfortunately, during the 
interval, many books had been lost which had been borrowed in 
London, and were never returned. (Life, in Works, I. lii.) And 
a part, which somehow was not sent to Oxford, afterwards alto- 
gether perished, ' for the fire of the Temple destroyed in one of 

_their chambers eight chests full of the registers of abbeys, and 
other manuscripts relating to the history of England; tho' most 
of his law-books are still safe in Lincoln's Inn 2 .' Some medical 
books were bequeathed to the College of Physicians. Some of 
the original deeds relating to the gift were bought for the Library 
in 1837 for * i-! 1 . 

About 8000 volumes were, hi all, added to the Library by 
this gift, most of which bear Selden's well-known motto : ' ntpl 
mivTos Ti)v fXfvdfpiav.' Amongst them are some which belonged 

-"to Ben Jonson, Dr. Donne, and Sir Robert Cotton. The number 
of miscellaneous foreign works, in several European languages, 
is noticeable, many of which had been published but a short time 
before Selden's death. In curious contrast to the character of 
the greater part of his collection (rich in classics and science, 
theology and history, law and Hebrew literature) there occurs one 

1 The conditions imposed by the executors (which are printed in Gutch's 
Wood, ii. 943, and elsewhere) expressly stipulated that the. books should be chained?- 
As late as the year 1751 notices occur in the Librarian's account-books of the pro- 
curing additional chains for the Library. But the removal of them appears to have 
commenced as shortly afterwards as 1757, and in 1761 there was a payment for 
unchaining 1448 books at one halfpenny each. Several of the chains are still 
preserved loose, as relics. 

2 AylifTe's Ancient and Present State of the Univ. of Oxford, 1714, vol. i. p. 462. 
Pointer, in his Oxoniensis Academia, 1749, p. 136, quotes the account of the Bod- 
leian given by Ayliffe as having been written by Dr. Hudson, under whose name it is 
also found in Macky's Journey through England vol. ii. The fire here mentioned 
was probably that which occurred about 1679 or 1680, in which the chambers called 
the Paper-Buildings were destroyed, where Selden's rooms were situated. At Lin- 
m In's Inn sonic MSS. arc no* Hi M. Hale'-. 



-i 659 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 87 

volume (marked 4 C. 32. Art. Seld.) which is priceless in the eyes 
of the lovers of old English black-letter tracts. It contains twenty- 
six tracts (most bearing the name of a previous possessor, one 
Thomas Newton) which are among the rarest of early popular 
tales and romances. As mere specimens of the collection may 
be mentioned, Richard Cuer de Lyon, Syr Bevis of Hampton 
(unique edit. ?), Syr Degore, Syr Try amour e (only two copies 
known), Syr Eglamoure (unique ?), Dan Hew ofLeicesire (unique ?), 
Battayle of Egyngecourt (unique ?), Mylner of Abyngton (unique ?), 
Wyl Bucke, &c. Among the MSS. is one of Harding's Chronicle 
(Arch. SelcL B. 10) which appears to have belonged to Henry 
Percy, Earl of Northumberland, from his arms being painted at 
the end, and which some have supposed was also a presentation 
copy to Edward IV. A curious map accompanies the description 
of Scotland (here given in prose, not, as in the printed editions, 
in verse), in which, next to Sutherland and Caithness, the author, 
who would have won Dr. Johnson's respect as being ' a good 
hater,' places ' Styx, the infernal flode,' and ' The palais of Pluto, 
King of hel, neighbore to Scottz! This map was engraved for 
the first time in Cough's British Topography, vol. ii. pi. viii. ; the 
description of it occupies pp. 579-583 in that volume. Another 
interesting volume is a copy of the Latin Ar ticks of 1562, printed 
by Reginald Wolfe in 1563, with the autograph signatures of 
the members of the Lower House of Convocation (Arch. Seld. 
A. 76). Fifty-four Greek MSS. are described in Mr. Coxe's Cata- 
logue, vol. i. cols. 583-648. 

A.D. 1655. 

The stipends of the Librarian and Assistants at" this time 
amounted jointly to 51 6s. Sd. Of this it appears from the 
account for 1657 that the Librarian received .33 6.r. 8</., the 



88 ANNALS OF THE 1655- 

Second Keeper, then H. Stubbe, 10, and [the janitor] S. 
Rugleye (?), 8. A volume of curious tracts, published during 
the early part of the reign of Charles I, now marked 4 F. 2 
Art. B. S., furnishes the name of a preceding janitor, by bearing 
the inscription, ' Liber Thomse Roch, defuncti, quondam janitoris 
bibliothecse.' The janitor originally appointed by Bodley appears 
to be mentioned in the following passage in a letter from him 
to James: 'There 'is one Thomas Scott, Under-butler of Mag- 
dalen College, that hath made means unto me for the Porter's 
place, whom I propose to elect 1 .' 

John Evelyn appears in this year, as well as subsequently, as 
a donor of books. Nineteen MSS. were given by Peter Whalley, 
of Northamptonshire. 

A.D. 1656. 
Cowley's Poems. See 1620. 

A.D. 1657. 

In this year the gifts to the Library, which since 1640 had 
been but few, begin once more to increase in number. Five 
hundred gold and silver coins were given by Ralph Freke. of 
Hannington, Wilts, and a cabinet for their reception, ' auro 
gemmisque coruscum,' by his brother William. Amongst various 
other donations occur a copy of Caxton's Description of Britain, 
1480, from Ralph Bathurst, M.D., Trinity College, and four 
Oriental MSS. from William Juxon, ' Londinensis olim Episc.' 
One entry in the Benefaction Register has been at one time 
carefully pasted over, and at another brought again to light ; it 
is the record of a gift from Hugh Peters. ' Hugo Peters, 
serenissimo Britanniarum Protectori Olivero a sacris, pro sua in 

1 Reliqaifi> Bodl. p. 263. 



-i 658 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 89 

academiam et rempubl. literariam benevolentia, codices inse- 
quentes Bibl. Bodleiame dono dedit Mail iiii, Anno CID. IDC. 
LVII ; ' viz. the great Dutch Bible with annotations, ' edit. ult. 
[scil. Hague, 1637] auro sericoque compacta,' and the ^Ethiopic 
Psalter of 1513. A leaf which followed this entry has been 
removed from the Register, probably because it contained some 
further particulars of Peters' gift, or possibly the record of the 
MSS. presented by the Protector himself in I654 1 . The binding 
of silk and gold has now altogether disappeared, and the Bible 
is clad in a plain calf coat, with no note of its former condition 
or of its donor. 

Francis Yonge, M.A. of Oriel College, the Sub-librarian, died 
in this year. In his place succeeded, through the influence of 
Dr. Owen, Dean of Ch. Ch., Henry Stubbe, M.A., the well- 
known violent and varying political writer, then a Student of that 
House. From the posts, however, of both Librarian and Student 
Stubbe was ejected in March, 1659, on account of the publication 
of his book entitled, A Light Shining out of Darkness, which 
was supposed to attack the Universities and clergy. 

A.D. 1658. 

Gerard Langbaine, D.D., the learned Provost of Queen's Col- 
lege, died on Feb. 10 in this year. Twenty-one vols. of his 
Adversaria, consisting chiefly of extracts from Bodleian MSS. 
and of notes concerning the arrangement of the books in the 
Library, were bought for 11. Nine other volumes were be- 
queathed by Ant. a Wood in 1695. They are all fully described 
by Mr. Coxe in vol. i. [cols. 877-888] of the General Catalogue 
of the MSS. of the Library, which appeared in 1853, as well as 
more briefly in Bernard's Catalogue. Besides obtaining his own 

' S,,-p. 55 . 



90 ANNALS OF THE 1658- 

autograph collections by purchase, the Library became possessed 
by bequest from him of the very valuable MS. (e Mus, 86) on 
the history of Wickliffe and his followers, entitled Fasciculi 
Zizaniorum, written by Thomas Walden. This was edited by 
the late Dr. Shirley in 1858, as part of the Master of the Rolls' 
Series of Chronicles. Dr. Shirley traced the volume to the hands 
of Bale and Usher, but was not aware of the way in which it came 
to the Library. 

The effect which civil war and confusion had had upon literature 
may be commercially estimated by the fact that a gift of 5 from 
Joseph Maynard, B.D., of Exeter College, proved sufficient for 
the purchase of 28 printed volumes and n MSS., many of 
which were curious. 

A crocodile, from Jamaica, was given by John Desborow, the 
republican Major-General, and brother-in-law to the Protector. 

A.D. 1659. 

Thomas Hyde, M.A., of Queen's College, was appointed Under- 
keeper on the expulsion of Henry Stubbe. 

A.D. 1660. 

Thomas Barlow, D.D. (who had been elected Provost of Queen's 
College in 1658), resigned the Librarianship on Sept. 25, in con- 
sequence of his appointment to the Margaret Professorship of 
Divinity. Thomas Lockey, B.D., Student of Ch. Ch., was elected 
in his place, on Sept. 28, by 102 votes to 80, over Mr. [John] 
Good, M.A., Balliol College 1 . 

A curious story is preserved by Wanley and Dr. Wallis, in 
memoranda, dated 1698-1701, on the fly-leaves of a copy of the 
rare Index Librorum prohibilorum printed at Madrid in 1612-14 

1 Reg. Convoc. T 1 . 27, p. 57. 



-i66 2 BODLEIAN L1BRARF. 91 

(4 U. 46. Th.), respecting the visit of a Roman Catholic priest to 
the Library during the period of Barlow's headship. In the course 
of conversation with Barlow, the priest denied that such a book as 
this Index had ever been printed at Madrid (there being various 
discrepancies between it and the Roman Index), whereupon this 
copy was produced, bearing the names of several inquisitors who 
had from time to time possessed it. The visitor was extremely 
surprised, and, being very desirous of purchasing it, offered any 
sum for it that might be demanded, with the intent (as the some- 
what suspicious tellers of the tale suggest) to destroy it ; but the 
Doctor was above corruption. The vigilance of the Librarians 
being aroused, the book was removed from an exposed place 
where it had formerly been kept, to a less accessible situation in 
the gallery, and securely chained. Wallis adds that one fly-leaf, 
containing some of the previous owners' names, had since then 
been torn out 1 . 

A. D. 1662. 

A legacy of 50 was paid which had been bequeathed some 
time previously by Alex. Ross, now-a-days best known as the 
Ross of Hudibrastic memory. It is singular that a copy of the 
old printed quarto catalogue of the Library was amongst the 
books purchased with this gift; which shows that, within forty 
years after publication, it had become scarce even in the Library 

itself. 

Five Arabic and eight Chinese MSS. were given by William 
Thurston, a London merchant. By a mistaken arrangement of 
various other small gifts, Thurston now passes as the donor of 
forty Arabic, Persian, and Syriac MSS., instead of five. Several 
of these, at present all numbered alike as Thurston MSS., \\ere 

1 The memoranda arc printed in Mendham's Lit. Policy of the Church of Rome, 

~<< uiid (.lit.. |>[>. i;j -4. and in Hlib.s' Reliqnia Hearniance, i. 12 14. 



92 ANNALS OF THE 1662- 

given in 1684 by Jos. Taylor, LL.D., of St. John's College, one 
by Crewe, Bishop of Durham, in 1680, one by Benj. Foisted, 
a London African merchant, in 1678, one by Charles Robson, 
B.D., Queen's College, about 1630, and one is an Armenian 
poem of thanks for benefits received from the University, pre- 
sented by the author, Jac. de Gregoriis, an Armenian priest, in 
1674. One other volume (a mathematical MS. bought at Con- 
stantinople, by Const. Ravius, in 1641) was at one time, as it ap- 
pears, abstracted from the Library, and was restored by means of 
Dr. Marshall, who, after the words ' Liber Bibliothecse Bodleianae 
Oxon.' has added the following note : ' quern ex Ratelbandi 
cujusdam bibliopolse officina libraria, prope novum templum 
Amstelodami, redimendum pretio persoluto curavit Tho. Mares- 
challus, e Collegio Lincolniensi apud Oxonienses.' 

The first statutory obligation upon the Stationers' Company 
to deliver a copy of each book printed by them to this Library, 
together with that of Cambridge and the Royal Library, was 
imposed by the act of 14 Chas. II. c. 33, for two years, which 
was renewed from time to time until the passing of the Copyright 
Act of 8 Q. Anne. 

A.D. 1663. 

The University was visited in September by Charles II and 
his Queen. And 'on Munday, September 28, about four in the 
afternoon, the University, being in their Formalities placed from 
Christ Church east-gate to the south gate of the publique Schooles, 
the King and Queen, the Duke and Dutches of Yorke, with the 
nobility and gentry attending, went to the Schooles, where the 
Chanceller, Vice-Chanceller and Heads of Houses received them, 
and invited them up to the Library ; and Mr. Crew, the Senior 
Proctor, placed neer the globes, addrest himselfe to their Majesties 
in an oration upon his knees; which being ended, the King and 



-i 666 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 93 

Queen, with the Royal Family and nobility, were by our Chan- 
celler, Vice-Chanceller, and the Heads of Houses, conducted to 
Selden's Library, and there entertained with a very sumptuous 
banquettV 

A.D. 1664. 

James Lamb, of St. Mary Hall, D.D. and Canon of West- 
minster, died in this year. Nine MSS. volumes, written by him, 
consisting of collections for an Arabic Lexicon and Grammar, 
together with the book of Daniel, in Syriac, are preserved in the 
Library, and form a small separate collection under his name. 

A.D. 1665. 

Thomas Lockey, D.D., resigned the Librarianship, on Nov. 29, 
1665, in consequence Of his appointment to a canonry of Ch. Ch. 
In the following year he gave some coins and the sum of 6 1 6s. 
In his place was elected, on Dec. 2, Thomas Hyde, M.A., of Queen's 
College, then Under-keeper. Upon Lockey's death, in 1680, books 
to the value of 16 15*. were bought out of his study. 

A.D. 1666. 

Twenty MSS. were given by Sir Thos. Herbert, Bart, of 
York. 

An East India merchant of London, one John Kerr, gave (with 
other MSS.) the first Gentoo book which the Library possessed. 
It is noticeable what a real, although somewhat indiscriminating, 
interest the London merchants appear to have taken in the 
Library. Continual mention occurs not merely of books but of 
curiosities of all kinds, natural and artificial, which persons en- 

1 Reg. Convoc. T. 27, p. 173. 



94 ANNALS OF THE 1666- 

gaged in commerce, chiefly with the East Indies, sent as for a 
general repository. Most of these curiosities are now to be found, 
it is believed, in the Ashmolean Museum. 

At some period between 1660 and 1667, i.e. during Clarendon's 
Chancellorship of the University, two volumes of MSS. notes and 
observations upon Josephus, by Sam. Petit, the Professor of 
Greek at Nismes (who died in 1643), are said by Moreri to 
have been purchased by Clarendon, for 150 louis d'or, and given 
to the University. But in Bernard's Catalogue the volumes are 
said to have been bought by the University 'sere suo.' Dr. T. 
Smith remarks, in his life of Bernard, that when the latter was 
preparing to edit Josephus, he used ' Sam. Petiti largis com- 
mentariis, longe antea in bibliothecae Bodleianae gazophylacium ex 
Gallia transvectis,' but found that they were filled only with notes 
from Rabbinical writers. They are now numbered Auct. F. infra, 
I. i, 2. One other MS. was certainly given by Clarendon, during 
his Chancellorship. It is a Greek Evangelistarium of the four- 
teenth century, formerly the property of a monastery described as 
' TTJS Travayius TIJS axfipoiriufirov^ which was given by Parthenius, 
Patriarch of Constantinople, to Heneage Finch, Earl of Win- 
chelsea, when in Turkey, in 1661, as Ambassador from England, 
and subsequently given by Clarendon to the University. On the 
cover is a silver crucifix, of Byzantine work. It is now numbered 
Auct. D. infra II. 12. 

A.D. !668. 

John Davies, of Camberwell, the storekeeper at Deptford dock- 
yard, caused a chair to be made out of the remains of the ship, 
' The Golden Hind,' in which Sir F. Drake accomplished his 
voyage round the world, which had been kept at Deptford until the 
timber decayed, and presented it to the Library. It stands now 
in the Picture Gallery, beside a chair which is said (but on what 






-1673 BODLEIAN LIBRARY'. 95 

authority is not known) to have belonged to Henry VIII 1 , and 
bears a plate on which are inscribed some verses, in Latin and 
English, by Abraham Cowley. A good engraving of it is to be 
found in Lascelles' and Storer's Oxford, published in 182 1 2 , and 
in the Life of Drake, published in 1828. 

A. D. 1670. 

Thirteen Oriental MSS. (chiefly in their possessor's own writing) 
were bought from the heirs of Samuel Clarke, M.A., of Merton 
College, printer to the University and Esquire Bedel of Law, who 
died Dec. 17, 1669. He was greatly distinguished as an Orien- 
talist, and assisted in the production of Walton's Polyglott. A 
list of his MSS. is given in Bernard's Catalogue, and another, by 
Prof. Nicoll, Ath. Oxon. iii. 885. He himself gave four printed 
Arabic books in 1663. 

A.D. 1671. 

Upon the death of Meric Casaubon, on July 14, the Library 
became possessed, by his bequest, of sixty-one volumes of the 
Adversaria (chiefly consisting of notes on Greek criticism) of his 
father, Isaac Casaubon, who died in 1614. From these Jo. Christ. 
Wolf made some extracts when visiting the Library in 1709, which 
he published in the following year at Hamburgh, under the title 
of Casaubom'ana, with a preface giving some account of all 
previous collections of Ana, and with copious notes. The MSS. 
are catalogued in Mr. Coxe's first volume, cols. 825-850. 

A.D. 1673. 

Thomas, Lord Fairfax, to whose care the Library had been 
indebted for preservation in 1646, bequeathed to it on his decease, 

1 The style of moulding on the back seems to point to a somewhat later date. 

8 A description, including a copy of the verses, and illustrated by a woodcut, is 
also to l>c found in vol. xxix. (1837) of the Mirror, p. 8, copied from the Nautical 
Magazint. 



96 ANNALS OF THE 1673- 

in November, 1671, twenty-eight very valuable MSS., including 
several early English books (Chaucer, Gower, Wickliffe's Bible, &c.) 
and works relating to the history of England, Scotland (Elphin- 
ston 1 ), and Ireland (Keating). But besides these, he gave that 
invaluable collection of genealogical MSS. known to all pedigree- 
hunters by the name of their indefatigable compiler, Roger Dods- 
worth, to whom he had allowed an annuity of 40 during his 
life, in order to enable him the better to prosecute his researches. 
This collection numbers 161 volumes (bound in 86) in folio and 
quarto 2 , and consists of extracts bearing chiefly on the family and 
ecclesiastical history of Yorkshire and the North of England, 
with an innumerable mass of pedigrees, from all the authentic 
records within Dodsworth's reach, including many which were 
destroyed when the Tower of St. Mary, at York, was blown up 
during the siege of that city in June, 1644. He appears to have 
commenced this wonderful series of notes about the year 1618, 
and not to have ceased before 1652, dying, in the seventieth 
year of his age, in August, 1654. Besides the very full catalogue 
of his MSS. which is given by Bernard (pp. 187-233), an ex- 
tremely useful and original synopsis of their contents, prefaced 
with an account of Dodsworth's life and labours, and drawn up 
by Mr. Joseph Hunter, is to be found in the Report of the 
Record Commission for 1837; which was reprinted by Mr. 
Hunter, in an octavo volume, in 1838, together with a list of 
the contents of the Red Book of the Exchequer, and a Catalogue 
of the MSS. in Lincoln's Inn. After the MSS. were brought to 
the Library, they became in some way exposed to the damp, ' and 

1 A transcript of Elphinston's Chronicle is to be found among the Jones MSS. 

a No. 2O is a volume of Camden's Collections, formerly in the Cotton Libr ry, 
Julius B. x., from whence Dodsworth must have borrowed it, and whither, with an 
oblivicusness too common in book-borrowers, he must have forgotten to return it. 
And No. 161 was given to the Library by Mr. Fras. Drake, the historian of York, 
in 1736. 



-i 6y 4 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



97 



were in danger of being spoiled by a wet season.' Fortunately 
the danger was perceived by Ant. a Wood, who obtained leave 
of the Vice-Chancellor to dry them, which he accomplished by 
spreading them out in the sun upon the leads of the Schools' 
quadrangle. This cost him a month's labour, which, he says, 
he underwent with pleasure out of respect to the memory of 
Dodsworth, and care to preserve whatever might advantage the 
commonwealth of learning. The MSS. to this day give abundant 
proof, by their stains and tender condition, that, had it not been for 
Wood's unselfish labour, they would probably soon have perished. 
Some part of the collection appears to have been sent to the 
Library as late as 1684, for in the accounts of that year there 
is an entry of 4^. lod. as having been paid for the ' carriage of 
Dodsworth's MSS.' 

An interesting volume, written by the donor of these MSS., Fair- 
fax, and entitled by him ' The Employment of my Solitude,' being 
metrical versions of the Psalms, with other poems, was bought, 
in 1858, for 36 ios., at the sale of the library of Dr. Bliss, 
who had purchased it at the Duke of Sussex's sale. It is described 
in Archdeacon Cotton's List of Bibles, 



A.D. 1674. 

In this year appeared the third Catalogus impressorum Librorum 
Bibliotheca Bodleiana, in one folio volume, divided into two parts 
of 478 and 272 pages respectively. It is dedicated to Arch- 
bishop Sheldon, by Hyde the Librarian, not without reason, as 
being printed in that Theatre which the Archbishop had so lately 
built. The Keeper, in this dedication, speaks very feelingly 
of the daily weariness of mind and body which the compilation 
of the Catalogue had cost him, and tells how his very hours for re- 
freshment had been spent among books alone, and how 



ii 



9 8 ANNALS OF THE i6?4- 

diclul) he actually had not shrunk even from the inclemency of 
winter 1 . In his preface he says that, on his entrance into office, he 
reckoned that the work of a new catalogue would occupy him 
for two, or at most three, years; six, however, had been spent 
in compilation and transcription, one in revision and enlarge- 
ment, and, lastly, two in the actual printing. Yet, says he, he 
never withdrew his neck from the yoke, and postponed all con- 
siderations of bodily health. People little know, he proceeds, 
what it is to accomplish a work of this kind. What is easier, 
say they, than to look at the beginning of a book and to 
copy out its title? They judge only from one or two weeks' 
work in some little library of their own. But, what with careful 
examining of volumes of pamphlets (which of itself was labour 
perfectly exhausting), what with distinguishing synonymous authors 
and works, and identifying metonymous ones, unravelling ana- 
grammatical names and those derived from places, and the like, 
the poor man declares he endured the greatest torment of mind 
(' maximo animi cruciatu') as well as waste of precious time. It 
is clear, from these pathetic lamentations, that Hyde had no great 
love for Bibliography for its own sake. But, after all his com- 
plaints, it is actually asserted by Hearne that he 'did not do 
much in the work besides writing the dedication and preface 2 
Hearne attributes the real compilation of the Catalogue to Em- 
manuel Prichard, or Pritchard, of Hart Hall, the janitor, who 
examined every book in the whole library, and wrote out the Cata- 
logue, in two volumes, with his own hand. Hearne repeats this 
assertion frequently ; it is found, e.g., in his preface to the Chronicon 

' Of the 'hyemis inclementia' before the present system of warming the Library 
was introduced, several of the present staff of officers can speak as feelingly as I 
The writer remembers, in particular, one winter when, in consequence of the r, 
being under repair, the thermometer fell some eleven degrees below freezmg pou 

MS. Diary, 1714, vol. ii. p. 193- 



-i 67 5 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 99 

Dunstap. p. xii., and in his Autobiography (1772, p. n), where he 
adds that he was well informed of this by Dr. Mill and others. 
If this be true, the inditing such a preface, while totally suppressing 
Prichard's name, does little credit to Hyde. 

Frequent mention of this Emmanuel Prichard is found between 
1686 and 1699 as being employed upon the MSS., and as engaged 
in taking an account of duplicates and arranging Bishop Barlow's 
books. In 1687, 20 were paid him for 'writing a Catalogue 
of MSS.' Probably this was the list upon which Hearne asserts 
that the index to the Bodleian MSS., in Bernard's Catalogue, was 
founded 1 . Hearne describes him 2 as being 'a very industrious, 
usefull man.' Although a member of Hart Hall, he never took 
any degree ; but wore a civilian's gown. He died in the Hall 
about 1704, aged upwards of 70, and was buried in St. Peter's-in- 
the-East. He left 200 to the Vice-Principal of Hart Hall, which 
was partly spent in building a library-room 3 . 

A.D. 1675. 

In the Register of Benefactions, on a page faintly headed in pencil 
with this date, is entered a gift from Christopher, Lord Hatton, 
' Homiliarum Saxonicarum 4 volumina antiqua.' The donor was 
consequently the second baron, and first viscount, Hatton, who 
succeeded his father Christopher (a firm royalist, and close friend 
of Clarendon, as well as antiquarian, and friend of Dodsworth) 
in 1670, and died in 1706. Possibly this gift may have been 
made through the influence of his uncle, Capt. Charles Hatton, 
who appears to have been much interested in Anglo-Saxon 
studies, who himself gave three MSS. to the Library, and several 
of whose letters to Dr. Charlett in 1694-1707 are preserved 
in vol. xxxiii. of Ballard's MSS. Strange to say, these volumes 

1 Reliquite llearn. ii. 591. But see p. 116, infra. * MS. Diary, li. 19 J. 

: Hcarnc's MS. Diary, ciii. 38. 

II 2 



ioo ANNALS OF THE 1675- 

of Homilies (written shortly after the Norman Conquest) are 
now among the Junian MSS., Nos. 22, 23, 24, 99, and 
their appearance in that collection is accounted for by Wanley 
(Cat. p. 45, where they are fully described) by a story which, he 
says, was often told him by Hyde, viz. that, immediately upon the 
arrival of the MSS. at the Library, they were lent to Dr. Marshall, 
who most probably in turn lent them to Junius ; that, Marshall 
dying soon after, Junius kept them until his own death, when 
they returned to the Library with his own books, by his bequest. 
Junius himself frequently refers to them under the description of 
Codices Haitoniani. 

The Library also contains a collection of 112 miscellaneous 
and valuable MSS., ' ex Codicibus Hattonianis,' of the presenta- 
tion of which no record has been found 1 , but which doubtless 
came about the same time from the same donor. Some precious 
Anglo-Saxon volumes form the special feature of this collection. 
Amongst them are, King Alfred's translation of Gregory's Pas- 
toral Care, of which the king designed to send a copy to each 
Cathedral Church in the kingdom, this being the copy sent to 
Worcester (No. 20) ; the translation by Werfrith, Bishop of Wor- 
cester, of Gregory's Dialogues, with King Alfred's preface (No. 
76) ; and a version of the Four Gospels, written about the time 
of Henry II (No. 65). 

Henry Justell, afterwards Librarian at St. James's, sent to the 
University from France, through Dr. Hickes, three very precious 
MSS. of the seventh century, written in uncial characters, contain- 
ing the Acts of the Council of Ephesus, the Canons of Carthage, 
Nicsea, Chalcedon, &c, which had been used by his father Christo- 
pher Justell in his Bibliotheca Juris Canonici veteris, 1661. They 
are now numbered, e Mus. 100-102. Several other MSS. given 

1 The Register has evidently been kept very irregularly and imperfectly during 
the time that Barlow a id Hyde held the headship. 



-i 67 7 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 101 

at the same time are preserved in the same series. In return for 
this valuable gift Justell was created D.C.L. by diploma. 

A.D. 1677. 

The wonderful collection of Early English poetry known as ' the 
Vernon MS.,' was presented 'soon after the Civil Wars' by Col. 
Edward Vernon, of Trinity College, who had been an officer in 
the royal army. One who bore the same name, doubtless the same 
person, of North Aston, Oxon, was created D.C.L. Aug. 6, 1677; 
it was probably therefore about that time that the MS. was pre- 
sented. The volume is described in Bernard's Catalogue, 1697, 
p. 181, as being a 'vast massy manuscript;' and very correctly. 
Its measurements are these: length of page, 22\ inches; length of 
written text, \i\ inches; breadth of page, 15 inches; breadth of 
written text, 12^ inches. It is written in triple columns, on 412 
leaves of stout vellum; and having been clad of late years in a 
proportionate russia binding, is altogether a Goliath among books. 
In date it is of the early part of the fourteenth century. Its first 
article bears the titles of ' Salus Animae' and ' Sowle-Hele,' and 
its chief contents are Lives of the Saints, Hampole's Prick of 
Conscience, Grosteste's Castle of Love, Hampole's Perfect Living, 
the treatise on Contemplative Life, the Mirror of S. Edmund, the 
Abbey of the Holy Ghost, and Piers Plowman ; besides a multitude 
of smaller pieces, several of which have been recently copied with 
a view to publication by the Early English Text Society 1 . Fifty 
copies of a brief list of the contents (numbering altogether 161 
articles) were printed by J. O. Halliwell, Esq., in 1848. A MS., 
similar in size and contents, was presented to the British Museum 
a few years ago by Sir John Simeon ; it is, apparently, the work 
of the same scribe as the Bodleian book. 

1 This Society has also just issued Part I. of Piers Plowman from this MS., edited 
by W. W. Skeat, M.A. (Oct. 1867). 



102 ANNALS OF THE 1678 

A.D. 1678. 

Francis Junius, born at Heidelberg in 1589, who had passed a 
large part of his life in England as librarian to that Howard Earl 
of Arundel who collected the marbles which go under his name at 
Oxford, as well as the MSS. similarly entitled, which are preserved 
in the British Museum and at Heralds' College, bequeathed to the 
Library, on his decease at Windsor in this year, all his Anglo- 
Saxon MSS. and his own life-long collections bearing on the 
philology of the Northern nations. Amongst these are some 
English relics of the greatest value and importance. The book of 
metrical Homilies on the Dominical Gospels, compiled by an 
Augustinian monk named Ormin, who thence called his book 
Ormulum ('jjiss boc iss nemmnedd Orrmulum, Forr)>i )>att Orrm itt 
wrohte ') is one of the chief of these. Its date is conjectured to be 
the 1 3th century. It is written on parchment, on folio leaves, 
very long and very narrow (averaging 20 inches by 8) in a very 
broad and rude hand, with many additions inserted on extra 
parchment scraps. Twenty-seven leaves appear to be wanting. 
The whole work was first published in 2 vols., at the University 
Press in 1852, under the editorship of R. M. White, D.D., formerly 
Professor of Anglo-Saxon. Caedmon's metrical paraphrase of 
Genesis and other parts of Holy Scripture, illustrated with nu- 
merous curious drawings, is another of the gems of this collection. 
The MS. is of the end of the tenth century, but the work itself is 
now generally believed to be, in the main, the production of the 
earliest English poet, the Caedmon noticed by Bede (iii. 24), who 
died towards the close of the seventh century, and not, as Hickes 
conjectured, of some later writer of the same name. The MS. first 
came to light in the hands of Archbp. Usher, by whom it was 
given to Junius. The latter published it at Amsterdam in 1655, 
and it was re-edited by Mr. Benj. Thorpe in 1832; several English 



1 678 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 103 

and German translations have also appeared. Many of the draw- 
ings were engraved and published in 1754, as illustrations of 
the manners and buildings of the Anglo-Saxons ; and the whole 
"of them have been engraved in vol. xxiv. of the Archceologia, with 
some remarks by Sir H. Ellis. MS. 121 is an extremely valuable 
collection of the Canons of the Anglo-Saxon Church, written in 
the tenth century, which belonged to Worcester Cathedral; and 
there are four valuable volumes of Homilies, which appear, how- 
ever, to have been part of Lord Hatton's gift to the Library. (See 
under 1675 *.) Besides books, Junius left to the University six 
founts of Gothic, Saxon, and other types, together with the moulds 
and matrices. 

Fifty-five MSS. and printed books, chiefly Oriental, were pur- 
chased in this year from the library of Dr. Thomas Greaves, 
Deputy-professor of Arabic, who died May 22, 1676. It appears 
from the list in Bernard's Catalogue that sixty-five volumes were 
purchased, but that ten of these were never sent. With Greaves' 
own books were obtained also the MSS. of Richard James, of 
Corpus Christi College, nephew of Thomas James, the first Li- 
brarian, which had come into the possession of his friend Greaves 
upon his death in Dec. 1638. These amount to forty-three 
volumes, entirely written by James himself, in a large bold hand ; 
they consist chiefly of Collectanea bearing on the history of England 
from various MSS. Chronicles, Registers, and early writers, 
particularly with reference to the corruption of the Church and 



1 Parts of MSS. 4 and 5, which had been stolen from the Library, were recovered, 
in 172. > n the manner recorded in the following entry in the Benefaction Book: 
' Vir doctissimus Joannes Georgius Eckardus, bibliothecae Brunsvicensis prsefectus, 
pro singulari sua humanitate, folia quammulta MSS. Dictionarii Fr. Junii, conti- 
nentia sc. litteras F. et S., a nequissinio quodam Dano jam olim surrepta, propriis 
sumptibus redemit et Bibl. Bodl. ultro restituit.' Some further portions of Junius' 
papers (including some which had formerly been in the Library) are recorded to 
have been given in 1753 by the Provost and Fellows of Queen's College. 



104 ANNALS OF THE 1678- 

clergy before the Reformation, and in opposition to Becket. A 
full list of their contents, drawn up by Tanner, is given at 
pp. 248-253 of Bernard's Catalogue. The price paid for the 
books bought out of Greaves' library was .55. 

Fifteen shillings were paid, as appears from the accounts for the 
year, for the carriage of a whale from Lechlade, which, strange to 
say, had been caught in the Severn, and was presented by William 
Jordan, an apothecary at Gloucester 1 . Ten shillings were also 
paid for a ' sea elephant.' 

A.D. 1680. [See A.D. 1665.] 

Sir W. Dugdale gave copies of his own works. Two hundred 
coins were given by Dr. George Hickes. 

A.D. 1681. 

In this year John Rushworth, of Lincoln's Inn, the historian of 
the Long Parliament, was a member of the Parliament held at 
Oxford. Probably it may have been at this time that he presented 
to the Library one of its most precious Kd^Xia, called, from its 
donor, ' Codex Rushworthianus.' (Auct. D. 2. 19.) In 1665, Junius 
mentions it in the Preface to his Glossarium Golhicum, as being 
then still in Rushworth's own hands 2 . It is a MS. of the Latin 
Gospels, written by an Irish scribe, MaC-Regol, (who records his 
name on the last leaf, ' Macregol dipincxit hoc evangelium,' &c,) 
and glossed with an interlinear Anglo-Saxon version by Owun and 
by Faermen, a priest at Harewood. The volume is traditionally 
reported to have been in Bede's possession, but since the Irish 
annals record the death of Mac Riagoil, a scribe and abbot of Birr 
in 820, the volume must be about a century too late. It has been 

1 In the Benefaction Book this gift is assigned to the year 1672. 

2 It is strange that no entry of the gift of this priceless volume is found in the 
Register of Benefactions, any more than of that of the Vernon MS. 



-i 68 2 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 105 

published in full, together with the Lindisfarne Gospels, by the 
Surtees Society in 3 vols., under the editorship of Rev. J. Stevenson 
and George Waring, Esq., M.A. A description is given in Prof. 
Westwood's Pal&ographia Sacra Pretoria. 

Nine shillings were paid for the carriage of a mummy from 
London, probably one of those which are now in the Ashmolean 
Museum. It was given by Aaron Goodyear, a Turkey merchant, 
who gave also a model of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at 
Jerusalem, and various little images, and in 1684 more than 
forty coins. 

A.D. 1682. 

Richard Davis, M.A., of Sandford, Oxon, gave the portrait of 
Margaret, Countess of Richmond, a book of Russian laws, and the 
Runic Calendar or Clog Almanack, now exhibited in the glass case 
at the entrance of the Library. The latter is thus described in the 
Register : ' Calendarium ligneum, tain materia quam usu per- 
petuum, unius ligni quadrari angulis incisum, more antique.' 

Dr. John Morris, Regius Professor of Hebrew, who died in 
1648, bequeathed five pounds annually to the University, to be 
paid to some Master of Arts of Ch. Ch., chosen by the Dean, for 
a speech ' in Schola Linguarum,' in honour of Sir Thomas Bodley, 
' and as a panegyric and encouragement of the Hebrew studies,' on 
Nov. 8, in the presence of the Visitors of the Library after the 
conclusion of the annual visitation. The bequest was to take 
effect after the death of his wife, which happened on Nov. n, 
1 68 1 ; and on Oct. 6, 1682, Convocation fixed 3 p.m. as the hour 
for delivery of the Speech on the Visitation-day. 

The Speeches are continued annually, although, probably for 
want of public notice, only scantily attended, none but those 
actually interested in the Visitation of the Library, together with 
the speaker's friends, being generally aware of it. If provision 



io6 ANNALS OF THE 1682- 

were made for the deposit of the Speeches in the Library 
after delivery, they would no doubt form an interesting and 
accurate record of its growth, and of many passing events which, 
for want of such a record, are soon forgotten. Only one speech 
appears to be preserved in the Library : it is that delivered on 
Nov. 8, 1701, by Edmund Smith, M.A., of Ch. Ch., and is very 
beautifully written in imitation of typography. But in this case 
nothing is recorded of the history of the preceding year, the 
speech being simply a panegyric of the Founder. It has been 
printed among Smith's Works, a pamphlet of 103 pages dignified 
with that name, of which the third edition appeared at London in 
1719'. Dr. Rawlinson appears to have endeavoured to compile a 
list of the Speakers ; for Bishop Tanner, in a letter to him dated 
Oct. n, 1735, from Ch. Ch., says he will enquire them out, 
if he can, but that they are not entered upon the Chapter books, 
since they are not appointed by the Chapter, but privately by the 
Dean or Hebrew Professor, and paid by the Vice-Chancellor, in 
whose accounts alone their names are probably entered 2 . 

The names of the Speakers up to the year 1690 are given in 
Wood's Athena (ii. 127) as follows. They were all M.A., and 
Students of Ch. Ch. : 

1682 Thomas Sparke 1688 Rich. Blakeway 

1683 Zach. Isham 1689 Roger Altham, jun. 

1684 Chas. Hickman 1690 Edward Wake 

1685 Thos. Newey * * * * 

1686 Thos. Burton 1701 Edm. Smith 

1687 Will. Bedford 

The following list from 1706 to 1734 has been gathered out of 
Hearne's MS. Diary : 

1706 Rich. Newton J 77 Thos. Terry 

1 A long account of Smith is given in Johnson's Lives of the Poets. 
3 Letters of Eminent Persons, <kc, ii. III. 



-i68 5 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 107 

1708 Will. Periam 1722 Hen. Shirman 

1709 Rich. Sadlington ^23 Matthew Lee 

1710 Richard Frewin 1724 Christopher Haslam 

1711 Aldred 1 1725 Will. Davis 

1712 Gilb. Lake 1726 Edw. Blake way 

1713 Hen. Cremer 1727 David Gregory 

1714 Chas. Brent 1728 [Rob.?] Manaton 

1715 John White 1729 [Hen. ?] Jones 

1716 Edw. Ivie 1730 John Fanshaw 

1717 Hen. Gregory 1731 Oliver Battely 

1718 Thos. Fenton 1732 Dan. Burton 

1719 George Wiggan *733 Fifield Allen 

1720 Thos. Foulkes 1734 Pierce Manaton, M.D. 

1721 Will. Le Hunt 

A.D. 1683. 

Three MSS., containing the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Syriac 
Pentateuch, and the Syriac Old Testament, were purchased at the 
cost of the University. 

A.D. 1684. 

Nine Oriental and Russian MSS. were given by Joseph 
Taylor, LL.D., of St. John's College. And Sir Rob. Viner, Bart., 
the loyal alderman of London, favoured the Library with a human 
skeleton, a tanned human skin, and the dried body of a negro 
boy! 

A.D. 1685. 

Thomas Marshall, or Mareschall, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 
College, and Dean of Gloucester, who died April 18, bequeathed 
his MSS., and all such among his printed books as were not 
already in the Library. The MSS. amounted to 159, chiefly 
Oriental, including some valuable Coptic copies of the Gospels, 

1 Doubtless an error for Chas. Aldrich 



io8 ANNALS OF THE 1685- 

&c, which were procured for him by Huntington, with a few in 
Dutch, and others miscellaneous in language and subject. They 
are entered in Bernard's Catalogue, pp. 272-3, and 373-4. The 
printed books are still kept together under his name. 

A.D. 1686. 

Fell, Bishop of Oxford, who died July 10, bequeathed a few 
MSS. They consist of an early and curious collection of Vitce. 
Sanctorum in four folio volumes, of a transcript (in nine folio 
volumes) of a Glossarium Septentrionale by Francis Junius, Dio- 
nysius Syrus in Latin by Dudley Loftus, and two Greek MSS., 
Damascius and Euthymius Zigabenus, described at the end (col. 907) 
of Mr. Coxe's Catalogue of the Greek MSS. One other MS. has 
somehow been incorporated in this collection (now numbered 
21-23) which does not belong to it. It is a Clavis Lingua Sanclce, 
or explanation of all the Hebrew, and some Chaldee, roots, found 
in the Old Testament, by Nicholas Trott, in three folio volumes, 
written with great care and neatness. This, of which the first part 
had been printed at Oxford in 1719, was sent to the Library in 
1746, as appears from the following letter, preserved (without 
address) in a parcel of papers relating to the Library, now in the 
Librarian's study : 

' MY LORD, 

' My wife's grandfather Judge Trott, cheif justice of 
South Carolina, desired on his death bed that his forty years' labour 
relating to the Hebrew root might be sent as a present to the 
Publick Library at Oxford. I proposed to have carried it, but my 
time has allways been taken up at a disagreable series of Court 
Martials, and now I am again going to the West Indies. That I 
must beg your Lordship will order or give it a conveyance to the 
University, and I am, with great respect, my Lord, 

' Your Lordship's most humble servant, 
23 Nov., 1746. 'THOS. FRANKLAND.' 



-1687 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 109 

It appears, however, from the accounts, &c, that the MS. was 
not actually delivered until 1748 or 1749, when it was received 
through Dr. Hunt. 

A few of Bishop Fell's MSS. came subsequently to the Library 
among those of Rev. Henry Jones 1 , who succeeded Fell in his 
rectory of Sunningwell, Berks, in the church of which parish the 
Bishop's wife was buried. 

At the Visitation on Nov. 8, it was ordered that notice be given 
that ' Nullus in posterum quemlibet librum aut volumen extra 
Bibliothecam asportet,' and that monition be sent to every College 
and Hall for the return of any books taken out within three days. 
Several books appear to have been reported in previous years as 
missing ; hence, doubtless, the issue of this order. 

A.D. 1687. 

On the occasion of the visit of King James II to Oxford, 
chiefly, but unsuccessfully, made for the purpose of overawing 
the fellows of Magdalen College, who had refused to elect as 
president his nominee, Anth. Farmer, he was invited by the Uni- 
versity to partake of a breakfast or collation in the Library. For 
this purpose he came hither on the morning of Sept. 5, between 
nine and ten, where, at the south part of the Selden end, a banquet 
was prepared which cost the University 160, consisting of in 
dishes of meat, sweetmeats, and fruit. The King sat here for 
about three quarters of an hour, and held some conversation 
with Hyde about a Chinese, ' a little blinking fellow,' who had 
recently visited the place, and about the religion of China ; but 
asked no one to join him at the table. Upon rising to depart, a 
scene of strange indecorum, as it would now appear, ensued ; the 
' rabble ' (as they are described) of courtiers and academics rushed 
upon the mass of untouched dainties, and began a disorderly 

1 Hearne's pref. to John Ross, p. i. 



no ANNALS OF THE 1687- 

scramble, in which they ' flung the wet sweetmeats on the ladies 
linnen and petticoats, and stained them.' The King watched 
the scramble for two or three minutes, and then departed, com- 
mending to the Vice-Chancellor and doctors his chaplain, W. 
Hall, who had preached before him the day previous, and de- 
livering a most fatherly homily on the sin of pride, the virtue of 
charity, and the duty of doing as they would be done to. Good, 
gossipping, Ant. a Wood gives in his Autobiography a full account 
of all that passed, from which are taken the quotations made 
above 1 . 

A. D. 1688. 

Dr. Hyde went up to London in this year to demand personally 
of the Company of Stationers the books which were due to the 
Library by Act of Parliament (i James II, cap. 17, for seven 
years, continuing previous acts), but which they had neglected to 
send. His expenses were 6 $s. 

A. D. 1690. 

Thirty pounds were paid in this year to Antony a Wood for 
twenty-five MSS. out of his library 2 . These are volumes of great 
value, including Chartularies of the Abbeys of Glastonbury and 
Malmesbury, and of the Preceptory of Sandford, Oxon, copies of 
Papal bulls relating to England, a register of lands in Leicester- 
shire temp. Hen. VI, <fec. 

The rest of Wood's MSS., and printed books, came to the 
Library, together with the other collections preserved in the Ash- 
molean Museum, in 1860. 

It is said that Wood in this year estimated the number of MSS. 

1 See also Miss Seward's Anecdotes, Supplement, 1797, p. 72. 

2 In Bernard's Catalogue the purchase is said to have been made in l6y2, but 
this is an error, as it is entered in the accounts of 1690. 



-1691 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. in 

in the Library at 10,141. This must have been the number of 
separate books, not volumes, as in 1697 the latter appear from 
Bernard's Catalogue to have been about 6700. 

A.D. 1691. 

On Oct. 8, died Dr. Thomas Barlow, Bishop of Lincoln, who, 
retaining his attachment for the place over which he had presided 
from 1652 to 1660, bequeathed to it seventy-eight MSS. (now 
bound in fifty-four volumes), and all the printed books in his 
collection which the Library did not possess, the remainder going 
to Queen's College. They appear to have been received in the 
years 1693-4, as large payments for the carriage are found in the 
accounts then. His MSS. are described in the old Catalogue of 
1697. The printed books, which are particularly rich in tracts of 
the time of Charles I and the Usurpation, are still kept distinct, 
being called Line.; ending, in the 8 series, at about the middle of 
the shelves marked with the letter C in that division. They are 
placed in the gallery on the left hand of the great central room 1 . 
His legacy included a copy of the famous Exposicio Sancti Jeronimi 
in Simbolo Aposiolorum, which was printed at Oxford in 1468, and 
completed, as the colophon states, on Dec. 17. This volume was 
given to Barlow, as he notes at the beginning, by Bishop Juxon, 
July 31, 1657. It is exhibited in the glass case near the entrance. 
The Library possesses also seven other productions of the early 
Oxford press. They are as follow : 

1. JEgidius Romanus de Peccato Originali, dated March 14, 1479. 
This was one of Rob. Burton's books. Qu. unique ? 

2. Textus Ethicorum Aristoteh's, per Leonardum Arretinum trans- 
latus, 1479. One of Selden's books. 

3. Exposiiio Alexandra [de Ales] super ter Hum librum [Arts/.] De 

' In most of them is inscribed the motto, cut p apxntutir. 



ii2 ANNALS OF THE 1691- 

Anima. ' Impressum per me Theodericum rood de Colonia in 
alma universitate Oxon.' Oct. n, 1481. 

4. Joh. Latteburii Exposicio Trenorum Jheremie, July 31, 1482. 
No place, but printed with the same type as the last. 

5. Liber Festivalis, in English, printed by Rood and Hunt, 
1486. Two copies, but both very imperfect. The more im- 
perfect one of the two formerly belonged to Herbert, and was 
bought for 6 6s. in 1832 ; two additional leaves have been in- 
serted by Mr. Coxe, which were found among Hearne's scraps, 
having been given to him as fragments of a Caxton by Bagford. 
The other copy was bought in 1852, at Utterson's sale, for 6 IQS. 

6. Opus Wilhelmi Lyndewoode super Constitutiones Provinciates. 
No place or date, but identified by the type. 

7. Vulgar ia quedam abs Terentio in Anglicam linguam traducta. 
Without place or date, but also identified by the type. The fol- 
lowing note, which corroborates the identification, is written in 
red ink on a fly-leaf in the volume (which includes several other 
tracts) : ' 1483. Frater Johannes Grene emit hunc librum Oxon. 
de elemosinis amicorum suorum 1 .' 

A list of sixty-six books, which Hunt, the Oxford printer and 
bookseller, had in his hands for sale in 1483, is preserved in his 
own writing on a fly-leaf in a copy of a French translation of 
Livy, Paris, 1486, which was bought for the Library from Mr. 
C. J. Stewart, in Dec. 1860, for 12. The list is headed thus: 
4 Inventorium librorum quos ego Thomas Hunt, stacionarius 

1 This last book is described by Dr. Cotton in the second series of his Typographical 
Gazetteer, published in 1866, from a copy in the University Library at Cambridge. 
Besides the other Oxford books enumerated by that learned bibliographer, several 
fragments of another, a Compendium totius Grammaticce (conjectured to have been 
written by John Anwykyll, Waynflete's first Grammar Master at Magdalene College) 
have been discovered. They have been identified by Mr. H. Bradshaw, the Librarian 
of the University of Cambridge, whose extensive acquaintance with early typo- 
graphy is well known. That gentleman found, at Cambridge, two leaves in the 
University Library in 1859, two more in Corpus Christi in 1861, and two in St. 
John's in 1866. Four other leaves were discovered by the present writer in 1867, 
bound up as fly-leaves in a volume in the library of Viscount Dillon, at Ditchley, 
Oxfordshire. Mr. Bradshaw supposes the book to have been printed about 1483-6. 



-i6 9 3 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. n 3 

universitatis Oxoniensis, recepi de Magistro Petro Actore et 
Johannis (sic) de Aquisgrano ad vendendum, cum precio cujuslibet 
libri, et promito (sic) fideliter restituere libros aut pecunias se- 
cundum precium inferius scriptum, prout patebit in sequentibus, 
Anno Domini M. CCCO. octuagesimo tercio.' 

A.D. 1692. 

Thirty-eight Persian and Arabic MSS., with one printed book, 
were bought from Hyde, the Librarian. They are entered in 
Bernard's Catalogue, pp. 286-7. Being bought out of the funds 
of the University, no mention of the price paid for them is found 
in the Library accounts. 

A.D. 1693. 

The Oriental MSS., in number 420, of the famous Edward 
Pococke, Regius Professor of Hebrew (who had deceased Sept. 
10, 1691), were purchased by the University for 600. They 
are chiefly in Armenian, Hebrew, and Arabic, with three volumes 
in ^Ethiopic, a Samaritan Pentateuch, and a Persian Evangeliary. 
A list is given at pp. 274-278 of Bernard's Catalogue. In 1822 
the Library became possessed of a portion of Pococke's Collection 
of printed miscellaneous books, by the bequest of Rev. C. Francis, 
M.A., of Brasenose College. They are chiefly small volumes in 
Latin, on historical subjects ; and are, for the most part, placed in 
the shelves marked 80 Z. Jur. [Arabic version of Isaiah, see p. 81.] 

Another large Oriental collection was added in this year by the 
purchase, from Dr. Robert Huntington, for the sum of 700, of 
about 600 MSS. These he had procured while holding the 
post of chaplain to the English merchants at Aleppo 1 . The 

1 He had previously given thirty-five MSS. in the years 1678, 1680, and 1683. 
He died on Sept. 2, 1701, only twelve days after his consecration as Bishop of 
Raphoe. 



ii 4 ANNALS OF THE 1693- 

collection is one of very great value and rarity. No. i is a fine 
and ponderous Syriac volume, containing the works of Gregory 
Abulpharage. No. 2 is a very fine folio Arabic MS., written in 
the year of the Hegira 777 ( = A.D. 1375), and dedicated to the 
Sultan Almalek Alashraf Shalian ben Hosain ; in it, as Uri says 
in his Catalogue, 'varise vEgypti regiones recensentur, agrorum 
cujusque regionis mensura definitur, et annui redditus exponuntur.' 
Dibdin 1 describes it in his own exaggerated style, as follows: 
' One of the grandest books ... a sort of Domesday compila- 
tion which can possibly be seen. . . . The scription is in double 
columns, with the margins emblazoned only in stars. The title, 
on the reverse of the first leaf, is highly illuminated, in a fine 
style ; not crowded with ornaments, but grand from its simplicity. 
At the end, we observe that it is (rightly) called Munus Pretiosum, 
and that the author was Sherfiddin lahia ben Almocar ben 
Algiaian. The inspection of such a volume, on the coldest pos- 
sible morning, even when the thermometer stands at zero, is 
sufficient to warm the most torpid system.' No. 80 is a copy 
of Maimonides' Fad Hachazaka, revised by the author, with his 
autograph signature at the bottom of fol. 165, and a MS. note 
by him on fol. i. Of these an engraved facsimile is given in 
Treasures of Oxford, containing Poetical Compositions by the ancient 
Jewish Authors in Spain, and compiled from MSS. in the Bodl. 
Libr. by H. Edelman and Leop. Dukes ; edited and rendered into 
English by M. H. Bresslau : part i. 8. Lond. 1851. A second 
part of this work was to have contained prose selections from 
MSS. in the Huntington, Pococke, Michael, and Oppenheim col- 
lections, but no more was published. Among Huntington's 
books there are also three, of no great antiquity, in the Mendean 
character, of which Dr. T. Smith narrates in his life of Bernard 

1 Bibliogr. Dec am. iii. 472. 



-i6 9 5 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 115 

(1704, p. 21) that two were said to have been given by God 
to Adam, and the third to the angels, 330,000 years before Adam. 
And one volume (No. 598) is in the Ouigour language, a Tartar 
dialect, of which very few specimens are known to exist. A gentle- 
man (M. Vainbe'ry) employed by the Russian Government to form 
a Chrestomathy of this dialect, came in the last year to England 
for the purpose of examining this volume, as one of the few 
on which his work could be based. Three MSS. exist at Paris ; 
but that in the Bodleian is said to be the most beautiful of all 
as a specimen of writing, as well as the most ancient. It is 
a version of the Bakhliar Nameh. A description of it, with an 
engraved facsimile, is given in Davids' Turkish Grammar, 40. 
Lond. 1832, pref. p. xxxi. 

An exchange of some duplicates was made with the Library 
of Queen's College, and in 1695 the duplicates of Bishop Barlow's 
Collection were transferred, in accordance with his will, to the 
same Library. 

A.D. 1694. 

A Mr. Clarke was employed in this year in making a catalogue 
of Pococke's and Huntington's MSS., for which he altogether 
received between 13 and 14. 



A.D. 1695. 

Books were bought from Mr. Bobart, and at the auction of 
the library of Sir Charles Scarborough, M.D. 
Stationers' Company. See 1610. 
MSS. from Wood. See 1658. 



I 2 



n6 ANNALS OF THE 1696- 



A.D. 1696. 

From this year until 1700, Humphrey Wanley was an assistant 
in the Library, at an annual salary of 12. He had also 10 
at the end of this year ' extraordinary, for his paines already 
past/ and 15, at the beginning of 1700, 'for his pains about 
Dr. Bernard's books.' Possibly this grant may have been in 
consequence of the interposition of Bishop Lloyd of Worcester, 
who, in a letter to Wanley of Jan. 6, in that year, promises to 
speak to the Bishop of Oxford to see whether he can get his 
place in the Library made better for him 1 . Wanley was no 
favourite with Hearne. The following passage from the MS. Diary 
of the latter 2 is a specimen of the censure which he on several 
occasions passes on him : ' Humphrey Wanley appears from 
several passages to be a very illiterate silly fellow. He committed 
strange and almost incredible blunders when he was employed 
by Dr. Charlett and some others in printing the catalogue of 
the MSS. of England and Ireland, which work was committed 
first to the care of Dr. Bernard ; but he being then very weak 
and otherwise employed, he could not take so much pains about it 
as he would, had he not been thus hindered.' The very accurate 
index, however, to this Catalogue was Bernard's own work, 
made from the proof-sheets, and written with his own hand, 
'uti ab illo accepi,' says Dr. T. Smith in his Life (1704, p. 48). 
He prepared also another index, which included besides the 
contents of eight of the great foreign libraries, but not the 
Royal Library at Paris, the catalogue of which he was unable 
to obtain. 

1 Walker's Letters by Eminent Persons, i. 102. It is pleasant to find that Wanley in 
more prosperous days evinced his gratitude for the help he had received in the 
Library, by giving, in the year 1721, "j Js., together with a MS. Latin Bible. 

2 1714, vol. li. p. 193. 



1697 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 117 

A.D. 1697. 

On the death of Edward Bernard, D.D., the Savilian Professor 
of Astronomy (which occurred on Jan. 1 2), the University became 
the purchaser from his widow of the greater part of his library. 
A selection from his printed books, made on behalf of the 
Library by H. Wanley, comprising many rare Aldines and 
specimens of the 15th century, were bought for 140, and his 
MSS., many of which were valuable copies of classical authors, 
together with collated printed texts and his own Adversaria, for 
200. Of 218 of the latter, Bernard has given a very brief list 
in his own invaluable Catalogus Manuscriptorum Anglice, which 
appeared posthumously, in the year of his death. (Vol. ii. 
pp. 226-8.) The bulk of his books are dispersed through 
various divisions of the Library ; but about thirty volumes of his 
own Adversaria are kept together under his name. A very 
full account, by H. Wanley, of the purchase of the collection 
is printed by Dr. Bliss in his notes to the Ath. Oxon. (iv. 709), 
who adds that this addition ' contained many of the most valuable 
books, both printed and MSS., now in the Library.' 

In the discharge of his duty of selection, Wanley came into 
sharp collision with his chief, Dr. Hyde, as is shown by a curious 
paper, in Wanley's handwriting, which was transcribed by Dr. 
Rawlinson from the original in Dr. Charlett's possession 1 . The 
paper gives a list of books for the not securing which, together 
with others, out of Dr. Bernard's collection, blame had been thrown 
upon Wanley, and which Hyde had said must by all means be 
bought at the auction which was to be held in October, 1697. 
To the title of each book so specified, Wanley appends some 
caustic remarks, exposing Dr. Hyde's little acquaintance with 

1 Rawlinson's copy is now in MS. Rawl. Misc. 937. For the knowledge of this 
paper the writer is indebted to Rev. W. H. Bliss. 



n8 ANNALS OF THE 1697- 

the Library or with the books themselves ; and sums up thus at 
the close : ' This is what I have to say to these 1 3 books, one 
whereof I look upon as imperfect, two more I was charged not 
to meddle with, and the other ten are in the Library already. I 
shall wave all unmannerly reflections, as whether this be not in 
you instgnis insufficientia, for" which you are liable to be turned 
out of your place; or [whether,] if you had been employed to 
bring in a list of Dr. Bernard's books wanting in the Library, 
and took the same method as now, the University would not 
have bought a fair parcel of duplicates, and such like ; but I 
pass them by. Tho' it must be owned that the University being 
willing to lay out but 140 pounds, some different editions of the 
Bible, Fathers, Classicks, &c, were preferr'd to some books not at 
all in the Library, but they were at the same time judged to be of 
less moment, and likely to be given to it by future benefactors.' 

The quarrel, however, soon ceased ; for, in the following year, 
Hyde was anxious to see Wanley appointed as his successor. 
The latter, in a letter to Dr. Charlett, dated Oct. TO, 1698 \ 
repeats a conversation held with Hyde on the previous evening, 
in which the Librarian said ' that he is heartily weary of the 
place of Library-keeper ; that he must use more exercise in 
riding out, &c, if he intends to preserve his health ; which will 
of necessity hinder his attendance there. He had rather I suc- 
ceeded him than anybody else, which I cannot do untill I am 
a graduate; that, if I have any friends amongst the heads of 
houses, they cann't do better for me than in procuring for me 
the degree of Batchellor of Law, that I may be in a condition 
to stand for his place with others, which he will resign as soon 
as I have obtain'd the said degree, and (for my sake) will com- 
municate his intentions to nobody else in the mean time. He 
presses me to get this degree as soon as possible, urging that 

1 Ballard MSS. xiii. 45. 



-i 7 oo BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 119 

he does not care how soon he is rid of his place.' Wanley asks 
for Charlett's advice; what that was does not appear, but, at 
any rate, he did not obtain the degree which he desired, and 
consequently did not become eligible as Hyde's successor. 

Sixteen MS. treatises on Mathematics, Astronomy, and Ancient 
History, by Thomas Lydiat, were given by Will. Coward, M.D. 
They are placed amongst the Bodl. MSS., chiefly between Nos. 
658-671. 

A.D. 1700. 

Considerable fears were entertained for the safety of the 
Divinity School and that portion of the Library which is built 
over it. About thirty-two years before, some failure had been 
observed in the roof of the former, which was rectified under 
the superintendence of Sir Christopher Wren. When Bishop 
Barlow's books were brought to the Library, in 1692 or 1693, 
the galleries on either side of the middle room were erected; 
and, as the beams of the roof of the School were then observed 
to give froih the wall, they were anchored on both sides, under 
the direction of Dr. Aldrich. But the tight bracing had now 
caused the south wall, that which adjoins Exeter College garden, 
to bulge outwards, so that the book-stalls were found to have 
started from the wall by three and a-half inches at the top and 
two and a-half at the bottom ; the wall itself was seven and a-half 
inches out of the perpendicular, and the four great arches of the 
vault of the School were all cracked. Hereupon Dr. Gregory, the 
Savilian Professor, was despatched to London to consult Sir C. 
Wren again, and, by his advice, additional buttresses of great depth 
and strength were erected on the south side, the weight of the 
bookstalls was removed from the roof of the School by their being 
trussed up to the walls with iron cramps ; and the cracks in the 
vault were filled with lead or oyster-shells, and in some places 



120 ANNALS OF THE 1700- 

with the insertion of new stones, and were then ' wedged up 
with well-seasoned oaken wedges.' This work went on through 
the summers of 1701 and 1702; and in 1703 some similar re- 
pairs were executed in some of the other Schools. The letters 
and papers of Wren on the subject, with the draughts, and reports 
of the workmen employed, are preserved in Bodley MS. 907. 
They are printed in [Walker's] Oxoniana, iii. 16-27. 

In this year died Henry Jones, M.A., Vicar of Sunningwell, 
Berks 1 . He bequeathed to the Library sixty volumes in MS., 
very miscellaneous in character, and chiefly of the i6th and i7th 
centuries. Some of them had belonged to Bishop Fell. The 
bequest probably came to Oxford some few years after Mr. Jones' 
death, as the books are entered (in a full and accurate list) by 
Hearne, in the Benefaction Book, among the gifts of about the 
years 1706-12. It was from a modern transcript among these 
that Hearne edited the Historia Regum Anglice of John Ross 
or Rouse; and seventy-one documents from No. 23, which is 
an Hereford Chartulary, were printed by Rawlinson at the end 
of his History of Hereford, 8, Lond. 1717. One volume has for 
many years been missing from the collection, viz., a funeral 
oration, by John Sonibanck, on the death of Queen Elizabeth of 
York, in 1503. A list of the MSS. is printed from the Benefaction 
Register, in Uffenbach's Commercium Epistolicum, pp. 200-208. 

Between 1700 and 1738 Sir Hans Sloane is recorded to have 
given considerably more than 1400 volumes, together with his 
picture in 1731; but the majority of them do not appear to 
have been considered of much value, and only 415 are specified 
by name in the Benefaction Register. Dr. Hyde, in a letter to 
Hudson, which accompanied a list of the books for which the 
latter had asked with a view to registration, says he scarce 
thinks the entry to be ' for the credit of the business, nos inter 

1 Steele's MSS. Collsctiotisfor Berks; Gough MS. 27. 






-i 70 1 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 121 

nos 1 .' But Hudson appears to have thought that the omission 
proceeded rather from carelessness, for, in a letter to Wanley, 
he says that he thinks Hyde assigned ' non causa pro causa*.' 

A.D. 1701. 

The long-entertained idea of resigning the Librarianship was 
at length carried out by Dr. Thomas Hyde in this year, for the 
reasons given in the following letter, which was addressed by 
him to the Pro- Vice-Chancellor, probably Dr. Charlett. It is 
here printed from a copy sent by Hyde to Wake, then Rector of 
St. James, Westminster, and preserved amongst the Wake Cor- 
respondence in the library of Ch. Ch. : 



'March 10, ii2, 
' CHRIST CHURCH, OXON. 

' SIR, I being a little indisposed by the gout, acquaint you 
thus by letter, that what I long agoe designed (as you partly 
knew) I am now about to put in execution. That is to say, I 
shall shortly lay down my office of Library-keeper, about a month 
hence, which resolution I do now declare, and I do hereby give 
you timely and statuteable notice of the same as Pro-Vice-Chan- 
cellor, entreating that, as the Statute requires, you will in two 
days order Mr. Cowper to draw a Programma to be set up at 
the Schools to the sence of the enclosed paper, he best knowing 
forms and lawyers' Latin. 

' Among the Bodleian Statutes in the Appendix, in the Statute 
de causis amovendi aut liber e recedendi, you will find that upon 
the Library-keeper's notice thus given, you are in two days' 
time to fix up the programma preparatory to make it known 
that about a month hence (which is about the end of this term) 
that office will be actually resigned and void. 

' My reasons for leaving the place are two, viz. one is because 

1 Walker's Letters by Eminent Persons, i. 173. 

'* Ellis's Letters of Eminent Literary Men, Caind. Soc. pp. 301-3. 



122 ANNALS OF THE 1701 

(my feet being left weak by the gout) I am weary of the toil 
and drudgery of daily attendance all times and weathers ; and 
secondly, that I may have my time free to myself to digest and 
finish my papers and collections upon hard places of Scripture, 
and to fit them for the press 1 ; seing that Lectures (though 
we must attend upon them) will do but little good, hearers being 
scarce and practicers more scarce. 

' I should have left the Library more compleat and better fur- 
nish'd but that the building of the Elaboratory 2 did so exhaust 
the University mony, that no books were bought in severall 
years after it. And at other times when books were sometimes 
bought, it was (as you well know) never left to me to buy them, 
the Vice-Chancellor not allowing me to lay out any University 
mony. And therefore some have blamed me without cause for 
not getting all sorts of books. 

' Before the Visitations I did usually spend a month's time in 
preparing a list of good books to offer to the Curators ; but I 
could seldom get them bought, being commongly (sic] answered 
in short, that they had no mony. Nay, I have been chid and 
reproved by the Vice-Chancellor for offering to put them to so 
much charge in buying books. These things at last discouraged 
me from medling in it. But, however, I leave the Library three 
times bigger than I found it 3 , and furnished with a Catalogue 
of which I found it destitute. I wish the University a man who 
may take as much pains and drudgery as I have done whilst I was 
able to do it. 

' I entreat you with all speed to cause the Register to put up 
the programma signed with your name, that so things may be 
regularly and statutably dispatched in order, until the time of 
actuall resignation shall come. 

' In the mean time I remain, 

' Your humble servant, 

'THOMAS HYDE.' 

1 These were left in MS. at Hyde's death, and have never been published. 

2 /'. e. the Ashmolean Museum. 

3 Hyde was greatly mistaken here, as a calculation made by Hearne in 1714 
(7. t;.) showed that the Library had then little more than doubled since 1620. 



r 7 oi BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 123 

John Hudson, M.A., of Queen's, afterwards D.D. and Princ. 
of St. Mary Hall, was elected in Hyde's room ; he was opposed 
by J. Wallis, M.A., of Magd., the Laudian Professor of Arabic, but 
was chosen by 194 votes to I73 1 . A letter to him from Hyde 
on his election, with advice about the entering of Sir H. Sloane's 
books in the Register, the augmentation of Mr. Crabbe's salary, 
the Catalogues and the Statutes, is printed in [Walker's] Letters 
by Eminent Persons, i. 173. He had previously, in 1696-98, given 
seventy books to the Library, and in 1705-10 he added nearly 
600. Hyde did not long survive his resignation, dying before 
one year had elapsed, on Feb. 18, 1702. He was buried at 
Handborough, near Oxford. 

In this year Thomas Hearne, the famous antiquary, was ap- 
pointed Janitor, or Assistant, in the Library. He tells us in his 
Autobiography (p. 10) that, from the time of his taking the degree 
of B.A. in Act term, 1699, 'he constantly went to the Bodleian 
Library every day, and studied there as long as the time allowed by 
the Statutes would admit/ and that the fact of this his ' diligence 
being taken notice of by all persons that came thither, and his 
skill in books being likewise well known to those with whom he 
had at any time conversed,' occasioned Hudson's appointing him 
to be an Assistant immediately upon his own election as Librarian. 
It appears, from the Visitors' Book, that a payment of 10 was 
made to him in this year, and that, in the next year, 30 were 
voted to him for his assistance in making an Appendix to the 
Catalogue of printed books 2 , and for enlarging and correcting 
the Catalogues of MSS. and Coins. Extra payments of 50-$-. 
were also made to him in 1704 and 1706, and of 2os. in 1709. 

The Bodley Speech. See 1682. 
1 Reliqq. Hearn. ii. 616. " For an account of Hcarne's Appendix, see 1738. 



i2 4 ANNALS OF THE 1702- 

A.D. 1702. 

A considerable number of printed books were given by Steph. 
Penton, B.D., and a collection of 500 coins was bequeathed about 
this time by Tim. Nourse, of Univ. Coll. 

A.D. 1704. 

The name of John Locke appears in the Register, as the donor 
of his own works (which he gave at Hudson's request), together 
with some others, including, with an honourable fairness, those 
of Bishop Stillingfleet written in controversy with himself. As 
Locke's expulsion from Ch. Ch., in 1684, by royal mandate, for 
political reasons, is sometimes, with an injustice which he himself 
would doubtless have warmly repudiated, represented as if it had 
been the act of Oxford itself, it is worth while to quote the 
language in which this gift from him, twenty years afterwards, 
is recorded, and recorded, too, by the pen of the earnest and 
conscientious Jacobite, Thomas Hearne : ' Joannes Lock, gene- 
rosus, et hujus Academias olim alumnus, praeter Opera ab ipso 
edita, ob ingenii elegantiam, doctrinse varietatem, et philoso- 
phicam subtilitatem, omnibus suspicienda (here follow the titles 
of his own works), insuper ex suo in optimas artes amore, ani- 
moque ad supellectilem literariam augendam propenso, Bibliothecae 
huic dono dedit libros sequentes;' scil. Churchill's Voyages and 
Travels, 4 vols., 1704, Stillingfleet's Vindication of the Doctrine 
of the Trinity, Stillingfleet's Answer to Locke, and Rob. Boyle's 
History of the Air. Locke desired, in a codicil to his will, that 
in compliance with a second request from Hudson, all his 
anonymous works should also be sent to the Library 1 . 

William Ray, formerly consul at Smyrna, presented about 

1 Lord King's Life of Locke, edit. 1830, vol. ii. p. 51. 






-1707 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 125 

600 coins, chiefly Greek, which E. Lhwyd (who reported their 
number to be about 2000) said he had been told had been collected 
at Smyrna by his cook 1 . But the Benefaction Register records that 
they were obtained by Ray from the widow of one ' domini Dan. 
Patridge/ who had himself intended to present them to the Uni- 
versity. They were put in order, and a Catalogue made of them, 
some years afterwards, by Hearne, who intended to have given 
the Catalogue to the Library, ' had not/ he says, ' the ill usage 
he afterwards met with there obliged him to alter his mind 2 .' Ray 
also gave a Turkish almanac. 

A.D. 1706. 

The supposed original MS. of The Causes of the Decay of 
Christian Piety, by the author of The Whole Duty of Man, was 
given by Mr. Keble, the London bookseller. It is now numbered 
Bodl. MS. 21. Dr. Aldrich was of opinion that it is not in 
the author's own hand, but copied in a disguised hand by Bishop 
Fell. Hearne thought it to be in a disguised hand of Sancroft's ; 
but the resemblance is very slight indeed 3 . 

A.D. 1707. 

Six volumes of Archbishop Usher's Collectanea, with two or 
three other MSS. which had belonged to him, were given to 
the Library by James Tyrrell, the historian, who was the arch- 
bishop's grandson. He had placed them previously in the hands 
of Dr. Mill, for use by him in his edition of the Greek Test., 
and it was about a week before Mill's death, June 21, 1707, 
that they were transferred, together with a gift from Mill of 

1 Walker's Letters by Eminent Persons, i. 137. 

2 Life, p. 13, in Lives of Leland, Hearne, and Wood, 1772. 
* See Letters by Eminent Persons, vol. ii. pp. 133-4. 






125 ANNALS OF THE 1707 

various printed books, to the Library 1 . They are now placed 
among the Rawlinson Miscellaneous MSS., 1065-1074, and one 
volume containing various readings in the Gr. Test., is numbered 
Auct. T. v. 30. Other volumes of his MSS. Collections in the 
Library are Barlow, 10 and 13 ; e Musceo, 46 and 47 ; Rawl. Misc. 
225, 280; Rawl. Letters, 89, and Rawlinson C. 849, 850, which 
last were given to Hearne by Tyrrell. Hearne has printed some 
extracts at the end of Gul. Neubrig. iii. 804. Six Samaritan 
and other MSS. which belonged to Usher are now in the class 
called Bodl. Orient. 

By the bequest of Dr. Humphrey Hody the Library acquired 
some 400 or 500 volumes, being all those in his own collection 
which were wanting here, together with his MSS. Collectanea. 
These last, amounting to twenty-three volumes, are now num- 
bered Bodl. Addit. i. D. 1-4, 2. B. 1-16, 2. C. 1-3. 

Thomas, Archbishop of Gocthan, in Armenia, visited England 
on an errand which seems to have justly excited great sym- 
pathy and attention. Sensible of the low condition of his fellow- 
countrymen, through their want of means of instruction, and 
being earnestly anxious to do something towards their elevation, 
he had spent some forty years in travels through Europe and Asia 
for the purpose of procuring books, establishing printing-presses, 
educating young men, and obtaining help for the furtherance 
of his Christian and patriotic projects. His first printing estab- 
lishment, at Marseilles, was ruined by the mismanagement and 
fraud of those to whom it was entrusted. He then, for ten years, 
carried on a press at Amsterdam, where he printed, in Armenian, 
the New Testament, the Prayers and Hymns of the Church, a 
translation of Thomas a Kempis, and several other theological 
works, together with some in geography, history, and science. 

1 Hearne's MS. Diary, xv. 24. 



1707 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 127 

But troubles and trials again overtook him ; disputes and law-suits 
involved him in debt; one hundred books, which he shipped for 
Armenia in 1698, were taken at sea, and so never reached their 
destination. And so, poor and sorrowful, in extreme old age, 
the Archbishop came to England to seek for help, recommended 
by Dr. John Cockburn, the English Minister at Amsterdam. 
He was well received by the Archbishops, and Sharp, of York, 
procured him an interview with the Queen, who gave him some 
assistance. Then, recommended by Bishop Compton 1 , of London, 
he came to Oxford. What he received in the way of the help 
which he most of all needed, deponent sayeth not ; let us hope 
it was not small. What he received in the way of honour, and 
what he did to cause the introduction of his name in these Annals, 
Hearne tells, in his own interesting way, in his Diary" 1 : 

'May 24. Last night came to Oxon one of the Armenian 
Patriarchs. He is Patriarch of the Holy Cross in Gogthan (near 
Mount Ararat) in Greater Armenia. He subscribes himself in 
his speech to the Queen in the last month, by translation, 
Thomas. The next day he was attended to the publick Library 
by Dr. Charlett, Pro-Vice-Chancellor. At the entrance, Dr. 
Hudson, the Keeper, made him a handsome complement in 
Latin ; but the Patriarch, being about 90 years of age, and under- 
standing no Latin, nor Greek, nor any European language but 
Italian, took but little notice of any thing. He afterwards was 
carried to Dr. Charlett's lodgings, where he was treated. 

' May 29. This day was a Convocation in the Theatre, when 
the Archbishop of the Holy Cross in Gocthan was created Doctor 
of Divinity, and his nephew, Luke Nurigian, and Mr. Cockburn, 
son of Dr. Cockburn, were created Masters of Arts. The day 
before, the Archbishop presented to the publick Library several 
books in Armenian which he has caused to be printed. Mr. 

1 And by the good Robert Nelson (Letters by Eminent Persons, i. 167, 9), who had 
also obtained ten guineas for him from the Christian Knowledge Society (Secretan's 
Life rf Ne I^'i. (')'. 1 1 ;,-4). '-' V..1 xiv. pp. 64. 68. 



128 ANNALS OF THE 1707- 

Wyatt, the orator, spoke a speech in his commendation, and 
presented him, the Queen having been pleased to let us be 
without a Professor. During the Convocation, several papers 
printed at the Theatre were given to the Doctors, Noblemen, 
and some others, entitled, Reverendissimi in Christo Patris Thonuz, 
Archiepiscopi Sancton Crucis in Gocthan Per so- Armenia, peregrina- 
tionis suce in Europam, pielatis et liter arum promovendarum caussa 
susceptce, brevis nar ratio ; una cum dicii Archiepiscopi ad serenissimam 
Magna Britannia Reginam oratiuncula ejusque responso. Accedunt 
de eodem Archiepiscopo testimonia ampla et prceclara. Printed upon 
two sheets, folio 1 .' 

In another volume of memoranda 2 , Hearne adds the following 
notice of one of the books given by the Archbishop : ' Amongst 
other books which he gave to the Bodleian Library is a History, 
at the beginning of which the Archbishop's nephew put the fol- 
lowing memorandums : " Historia Nationis Armenia, a Moise 
Chorenensi grammalico, doctore Armeno. Amst. 1695. Mail 28, 
1707, Bibliothecae Bodleianae dono dedit reverendiss. Thomas 
Archiep. S. Crucis in Majori Armenia. Per manum ejusd. re- 
verendiss. nepotis, Lucae Nurigianidis." Underneath which is 
written, at the motion of Dr. Charlett, and by the direction of 
the said Archbishop's nephew : " Auctorem istius libri floruisse 
traditur seculo quarto post Christum.'" The book is now num- 
bered, 80 V. 134 Th. 



A.D. 1709. 

In this year the first Copyright Act was passed, which required 
the depositing of copies of all works entered at Stationers' Hall 
at nine libraries in England and Scotland. This number was 
increased upon the Union with Ireland to eleven, but finally 

1 A copy of this tract is in V. i. i. Jur. * Rawlinson MS. C. 876, p. 44. 



-IT 1 2 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 129 

reduced to five (British Museum; Oxford; Cambridge; Advocates' 
Library, Edinburgh; and Trinity College, Dublin) by 5 & 6 Will. 
IV. c. no. 

A.D. 1710. 

Dr. Richard Middleton Massey, formerly of Brasenose College, 
gave (with a few other books) a very curious and valuable series 
of Registers of the Parliamentary Committee for augmentation of 
poor vicarages, from 1645 to 1652, in eight folio volumes, with 
one volume of Index. To local antiquaries these proceedings are 
full of interest, while their historical and biographical value is 
equally great. They are now numbered Bodl. MSS. 322-330. Of 
the printed books given by Dr. Massey, most of those in octavo 
were placed at the end of Bishop Barlow's books, in the shelves 
marked D. Line. 

Three thousand pounds were offered by the University for the 
library of Isaac Vossius, but refused. But the books were shortly 
afterwards sold to the University of Leyden for the same sum l . 

A.D. 1711. 

A watch which had belonged to Dudley, Earl of Leicester, is 
said to have been presented by Mr. Ralph Howland, of Maiden- 
head. 

Grabe's Adversaria. See 1724. 

A.D. 1712. 

'July 19, Died Mr. Joseph Crabb, Under-keeper of the Bodleian 
Library, having kept in ever since this day sennight. He died of 
a rheumatism, occasion'd by a careless sort of life. He was, 
however, an honest harmless man. He was buried on Monday 
night following (between 7 and 8 o'cl.) in Haly-well Church- 

1 Reliyuia Hearn. i. 205, 6. 
K 



1 30 ANNALS OF THE 1712 

yard, very privately. Upon his coffin was put, /. C. ag. 38. 
1712; but I heard him say some time since he was 39 years old '.' 
He is described in the following caustic terms by Zach. Conr. 
Uffenbach, in a letter written in 1713, and printed in his Commer- 
ciurn Epistolicum 2 : 

'Alteri [praefecto Bibliothecse] , nomine Crab, caput vacuum 
cerebro est, lepidum alias, dignusque homo 1 quern ridicule illo en- 
comio, quo tamen multi serio egregios viros onerarunt, ornetur, 
vociteturque Helluo, non librorum tamen sed praemiorum, quae 
ab exteris Bibliothecam hanc invisentibus avide excipit, statimque 
cauponibus reddit pro liquore, ad guttur colluendum purgandum- 
que a pulvisculo, qui librorum tractationem velut umbra aut 
nebula comitari solet. Quamvis non ejus, sed tertii infimique 
Bibliothecarii, hoc sit muneris, ut libros in loculos reponat, quaevis 
in ordinem redigat atque emundet.' 

The date of Crabb's appointment has not been ascertained, 
but it must have been previous to 1699, as on Nov. 8 of that year 
an order appears in the Visitors' Book for an extra payment to 
him of io 3 ; other additional payments of 5 and 50^. are made 
to him annually until 1710. Two vols. of an index to texts of 
printed sermons, ending about the year 1708, (now Bodl. MSS. 
47 and 657,) which were, doubtless, intended to form a continu- 
ation of Verneuil's little book, are said in an old entry in the 
Catalogue to be by ' Mr. Crabb.' The following brief account of 
him is given in Rawlinson's MSS. collections for a continuation of 
Wood's Athena : 



1 Hearne's MS. Diary, xxxvii. 180. 

2 I 753> P- *82. For the reference to this passage the author is indebted to 
Dibdin's Bibliogr. Decani, iii. 281. The same volume of Uffenbach's contains some 
criticisms on Bernard's Catalogue of the MSS., chiefly with relation to the Barocci 
collection, with extracts from the additional entries in the Reg. Benef. 

3 This was granted at Hyde's urgent request, ' in regard of his great pains in 
entering books in the Catalogue, and of the smallness of his place.' Letter from 
Hyde to Hudson, in Walker's Letters, i. 174. 



i 7 12 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. t 3 t 

'Joseph Crabb, son of Will. Crabb, clerk, born at Child- 
Ockford in Dorsetshire on - 1674; educated in gram- 
mar learning at ; matriculated as a member of Exeter 

College, 1 8 July 1691 ; took the degree of B.A. 17 Oct. 
1695; became Sub-librarian at the public library; removed to 
Gloucester Hall, where he became M.A., 4 July 1705, and 
died .' 

Rawlinson goes on to attribute to him (as his solitary claim 
to a place in the Athena, a Poem on the late Storm, Lond. 1704, 
fol., but this was written (as well as a Latin poem In Georgium 
reducem, Lond. 1719, fol.) by John Crabb, Fellow of Exeter Col- 
lege (B.A., Oct. 15, 1685; M.A., June 19, 1688), who was also a 
Sub-librarian at an earlier period, but the date of whose entrance 
into office as well as of quittance is not known. The latter 
became Rector of Breamore, Hants, in 1709, where he died in 
1748 at the age of eighty-five. He is remarkable for having 
married four wives, all of whom lie buried with him in his church. 
The third of these, Grace Shuckbridge, became his wife when he 
was aged seventy-six and she was forty-nine; the last (who sur- 
vived until March 13, 1777) was thirty-six when she took him, 
at the age of eighty-one, for better or worse. There is a hand- 
some marble tablet to his memory on the north wall of the Chancel 
of Breamore Church, bearing the following inscription, and sur- 
mounted by his arms (sctl., on a field gules a chevron between 
two fleur-de-lis above and a crab displayed below or; crest, a 
demi-lion rampant or) painted in their proper colours : 

' H. S. E. Reverend. Johan. Crabb, A. M. e Coll. Exon quon- 
dam Socius Oxon., Bibliothecae Bodleianae Sub-Librarius, et a 
sacris olim Episc. Fowler, hujus Parochiae Minister residens am- 
plius xxxvni ann. Vir doctus, pius, generosus, in Ecclesia Or- 
thodoxus, in Republic! fidelis, et omnibus liberalis. Author 
Georgians et aliorum Carminum celebrium latine et anglice, 



1 32 ANNALS OF THE 1712- 

Obiit tandem xin Id. Martii, Anno aetat. suae LXXXV., Mrx 
Christianse MDCCXLVIII 1 .' 

On July 22, Thomas Hearne was appointed Second-keeper by 
Dr. Hudson, in the room of Crabb, while still retaining his post as 
Janitor, ' with liberty allow'd him of being keeper of the Anatomy 
schoole, or Bodleian repository, on purpose to advance the per- 
quisites of the place, which are very inconsiderable 2 ,' but with the 
proviso that the salary of the janitor's place should go to an 
assistant officer. By this arrangement Hearne retained the keys, 
so that he could go in and out when he pleased 3 . 

' Sept. 1 6, Dr. Hudson told me to-day that some have complain'd 
that books in the Publick Library are not so easily come at as 
usual. I am glad there is such a complaint. I am afraid the 
complainers are such as us'd to steal books from the Library, and, 
upon that account, are concern'd that they are more strictly look'd 
after than formerly 4 .' 

A.D. 1713. 

The learned and munificent Narcissus Marsh, Archbishop suc- 
cessively of Cashel, Dublin, and Armagh, on his death, Nov. 2, in 
this year, bequeathed to the Library a very large and valuable 



1 For the above particulars of John Crabb's history subsequent to his leaving 
Oxford the author is indebted to his friend the Rev. J. H. Blunt, lately the Curate in 
charge of the parish of Breamore, who mentions, with reference to Crabb's connubial 
experiences, the parallel case of Bishop John Thomas, Bishop of the adjoining 
diocese of Salisbury, 1757-61, and afterwards of Winchester. At his fourth wed- 
ding that prelate had the good taste and feeling to present his friends with memorial 
rings inscribed with the couplet : 

' If I survive 
I'll make them five.' 

But the lady did not afford him the wished-for opportunity. 

2 Hearne's MS. Diary, xxxvii. 191. 3 Life, 1772, p. 14. 
4 MS. Diary, xxxix. 120. 






-i 7 13 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 133 

gathering of Oriental MSS., which had been chiefly procured for 
him in the East by Huntington, and at the sale of Golius' library, 
at Leyden, in October, 1696, by Bernard. The collection numbers 
at present 714 volumes, but probably some of these may have been 
books added for convenience' sake from other sources. Many of 
them bear the motto of some former owner (qu. Golius ?), some- 
what like in form to Selden's, but better in spirit, ' iravTaxf) r^v 
aKrjQdav.' It is strange that no notice of this liberal gift is found 
in any of the Library Registers, and it is only from a passing 
mention in Hearne's preface to Camden's Elizabeth (p. Ixvi.) that 
we find it was a death-bed legacy, and consequently learn the date 
of its acquisition. Hearne there says that the books were placed 
in the Library ' in tenebris ;' and this expression was made one of 
the subjects of complaint against him when prosecuted in 1718 in 
the Vice-Chancellor's court on account of that preface. He then 
replied that the expression was correct, for that they were placed 
in a dark corner to which access was only had through a trap- 
door, but that he himself had put them there for want of a better 
place. He had wished to deposit them in one of the rooms in the 
Picture Gallery, but Dr. Hudson kept that for his own purposes 1 . 

At this period every stranger admitted to read in the Library 
had to pay nine shillings in fees, of which u. went to the Head 
Librarian, 3^. 6d. to the Second Librarian, is. 6d. to the Janitor, 
2s. to the Registrar (for an order for admission, but in the Long 
Vacation this fee went to the Second Librarian), and is. to the 
Proctor's man 2 . In 1720 the fee to be received from every visitor 
not qualified to read was fixed at one penny, to be paid to a 
porter who was then first appointed to the charge of the Picture 
Gallery. It subsequently rose by a silent custom to the large 
sum of a shilling; but some few years ago the Curators fixed 

1 Hearne's MS. Diary, vol. Ixxi. May 20. " Ibid. vol. xlvii. p. Sc;. 



134 ANNALS OF THE 1713 

the charge to visitors at threepence each, unless accompanied, and 
in consequence franked, by some member of the University in 
his academic dress. Since this moderate sum has been fixed, 
the number of ordinary sight-seeing visitors has, naturally, much 
increased 1 . 

The suppression, by an order of the Heads of Houses, dated 
March 23, 17 if, of Hearne's edition of Dodwell's tract De Parma 
Equestri Woodwardiana, was attributed by Hearne himself to (as the 
remote occasion) an incident connected with his office in the 
Library, which is related very fully by himself in vol. xliv. of his MS. 
Diary. On Feb. 20, Mr. Keil, the Savilian Professor of Geometry, 
brought to the Library an Irish gentleman named Mollineux, recom- 
mended by Sir Andrew Fountaine, to whom he requested Hearne 
to show the curiosities of the place. As Keil was ' a very honest gen- 
tleman,' Hearne little suspected that his friend was possessed with 
the ( republican ill principles' and ' malignant temper' of Whiggism, 
and consequently was not very guarded in his talk. After showing 
him various MSS. and coins, he took the visitor into the Anatomy 
School 2 , where all kinds of odds and ends were preserved ; amongst 
which was (as Hearne gravely notes in another place) a calf which, 
being born in the year of the Union, 1707, had (it is to be pre- 
sumed in consequence thereof) two bodies and one head. What 

1 In an account of a visit to Oxford by an American tourist, which appeared very 
recently in the New Fork Times, and was copied into English journals, written with 
the warm-hearted tone of one who could rightly appreciate the interest of the place, 
although (like most Transatlantic visitors) he spent but twenty-four hours in it, 

the following comment is made upon the smallness of this Bodleian fee: 'The 

gentleman [i. e. the present Janitor, Mr. John Norris] who showed me through 
this noble collection, and gave me the most interesting explanations, politely in- 
formed me that the charge was 3rf. It went against my conscience to give a gentle- 
man of his civility and erudition the price of a pot of beer, and I added a small 
testimonial, for which he seemed more than sufficiently grateful.' 

This was the room which is now attached to the Library under the name of 
the Avctarwm. 



1 7 13 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 135 

followed during the exhibition of this museum is worth relating in 
the diarist's own words : 

' I mentioned a picture engraved and hanging there with horns 
and wings, and underneath, uxor ejus ad vivum pinxit. This picture 
many had said was Benjamin Hoadley, the seditious divine of 
London ; but, for my part, I gave no other description of it than 
this, that 'twas the picture of one of the greatest Presbyterian, 
republican, antimonarchical, Whiggish, fanatical preachers living in 
England. And this description was enough to exasperate him. 
And yet, for all that, he did not discover any passion, nor give the 
least hint that he was a Whig himself. Neither did he give any 
hint of it afterwards till I came to mention a tobacco stopper 
tipped with silver, and given to me by a reverend divine, who had 
informed me that it was made out of an oak that lately grew in 
St. James's Park, but was destroyed by the D. of INI. ~for the great 
house he was building near St. James's, and that the said oak came 
from an acorn that was planted there by King Charles II, being 
one of those acorns that he had gathered in the Royal Oak, where 
he was forced to shelter himself from the fury of the rebells after 
the fight at Worcester. Mr. Mollineux was at the other end of the 
room when this was shew'd, and the said story told ; but hearing 
it he comes immediately to the tables, and expresses himself in 
words of this kind, viz. thai 'twas a bawble, and that an hundred 
such things were not worth the seeing. Mr. Keil however thought 
otherwise, and said that he thought my collection was better than 
that in the Laboratory. Some mirth passing after this, I went on 
with my description, and had not yet formed an opinion that 
Mr. Mollineux was a Whig ; but finding that he was still inquisitive 
after other curiosities, and that he pretended to much skill in good 
ingraving and drawing, I produced the picture of a beautifull 
young man, over the head of which was E'IKQ'N BA2IMKH', and 
underneath, Quid quaritis ultra ? I did not tell them whose 
picture it was, but said that I shew'd it them as a thing excellently 
well done, which they all allow'd and view'd it over and over, and 
seemed to be mightily taken with it, and Mr. Mollineux in parti- 
cular was pleased to say that 'twas admirably well done, and 
deserved a place amongst the most exquisite performances of this 



136 ANNALS OF THE 1713- 

kind, at the same time asking how long I had had it, and whose 
picture I took it to be. To the former of which questions I 
reply'd, about a quarter of a year, to the latter that I did not 
pretend to tell who it was designed for. Yet Mr. Keil was 
pleased to laugh, and to tell Mr. Mollineux, They are all rebells, 
Mr. Mollineux, they are all rebells in this place, speaking these 
words in a merry joking way, and not with any intent to do me an 
injury. Mr. Mollineux took the words upon the picture down, 
which I did not deny him, not thinking that 'twas with a design to 
inform against me, as it afterwards proved. Yet from this time I 
began a little to suspect his integrity, and that he was not one of 
those good men I exspected from Mr. Keil, whom I had always 
found to be a man of honesty.' 

Hinc illce Jachryma ! Poor Hearne was reported to Dr. Charlett 
the same afternoon for showing the Pretender's Picture ; a meeting 
of the Curators of the Library was threatened ; but eventually the 
matter seemed to pass over by his being desired by the Vice-Chan- 
cellor to give up the key of the Anatomy School, in order that the 
determining Bachelors might meet there, by which change Hearne 
was mulcted of the fees which he obtained for showing the room, 
and was sometimes detained one hourj or two, later than usual in 
order to see to the locking up of the staircase on which it is situated. 
On March 23, however, he was summoned before the Heads of 
Houses for remarks made in his preface to Dodwell's above- 
mentioned tract, and, after a sharp discussion, in which reference 
was made to his exhibition of the portraits, he was ordered to 
suppress his preface, and re-issue the book without it ; to which he 
consented. He was pressed to make a formal retractation of the 
passages to which objection was made, but this he stiffly refused to 
do. He says in a letter to Sir Philip Sydenham that the only 
form of retractation or expression of sorrow he could have been 
prevailed on to sign (strongly resembling the famous apology of 
a middy to an insulted naval surgeon) would have been some such 



-i 7 M BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 137 

form as this : ' I, Thomas Hearne, A.M., of the University of 
Oxford, having ever since my matriculation followed my studies 
with as much application as I have been capable of, and having 
published several books for the honour and credit of learning, and 
particularly for the reputation of the foresaid University, am very 
sorry that by my declining to say anything but what I knew to be 
true in any of my writings, and especially in the last book I pub- 
lished, intituled, Henrici Dodwelli de Parma Equestri Woodwardiana 
Disserlalio, &c, I should incurr the displeasure of any of the 
Heads of Houses, and as a token of my sorrow for their being 
offended at truth, I subscribe my name to this paper, and permitt 
them to make what use of it they please 1 .' 



A.D. 

An evidence of the increased intercourse which sprang up 
between Denmark and England, in consequence of the marriage 
of Queen Anne, is probably to be found in the number of Danish 
readers who frequented the Library in the interval between her 
marriage and her death. Between the years 1683 and 1714, forty- 
nine Danes are entered in the Liber Admissorum, besides many from 
Sweden, Norway, and the North of Germany. The total number 
of foreigners admitted within the same period was no less than 244. 

' In the year 1714 were in the Bodleian Library : 

30169 pr. vols. 
05916 MSS. vols. 



In all 36085.' 

(Hearne's MS. Diary, vol. xci. p. 256.) 

1 Hearne's MS. Diary, xlviii. 22. The retractation and apology which Hearne 
afterwards actually submitted to the Vice-Chancellor in court in I 7 1 8, when in trouble 
again for his preface to Camden's Elizabeth, was very similar in style to this. But 
he was not allowed to read it. Ibid. Ixxi. 3 May. 



138 ANNALS OF THE 1714- 

It is strange that, notwithstanding Selden's and Laud's large 
additions, the Library had therefore very little more than doubled 
since 1620. 

It is recorded in vol. li. of the same Diary (p. 187) that the old 
series of portraits which were painted on the wall of the Picture 
Gallery was renewed in November of this year. These portraits, 
amounting in number to about 222, ran round the gallery, imme- 
diately under the roof; many of them were fancy-heads of ancient 
philosophers and writers, but besides these there were some real 
portraits of English writers and divines, up to the time of James I. 
A list of the whole series, as well as of the oil paintings in the 
Gallery, was printed by Hearne together with his Letter containing 
an Account of some Antiquities between Windsor and Oxford. Of the 
renovation of the wall-paintings he thus speaks in his preface to 
Rossi Historia Regum Angh'cc (1716): ' Non possim quin bibliothecse 
Bodleianoe Curatores laudem, qui pictori Academico [i. e. Wild- 
goose] in mandatis dederunt, ut veteres effigies renovet nitorique 
pristino restituat : quippe quas eo pluris aestimendas esse censeo, 
quod eas in galeria depingendas jusserit ipse Bodleius, Loci 
Genius.' When the Gallery was re-roofed in 1831, all these paint- 
ings were, however, removed [see p. 15]. 

About the end of this year the Arundel Marbles, which, strange 
to say, had been exposed to the open air within the quadrangle of 
the Schools ever since they were given to the University, were 
removed into one of the rooms on the ground-floor, where they 
still remain. It was said that they had suffered more ' since they 
were exposed to our air, than they did in many hundred years 
before they came into it 1 .' But the influence of the air was not all 
they had to contend against, for Hearne tells us that the defacing 
of the Marble Chronicle (of which there are portions that were read 

1 Letters by Eminent Persons, 1813, vol. i. p. 297. 



1715 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



'39 



by Selden, which now can no longer be read at all) and some 
others, was owing not merely to exposure to the weather, but 
' to the abuses of children who are continually playing in the area, 
and of other ignorant persons V 

A.D. 1715. 

We learn from Hearne's MS. Diary [vol. liii.] that differences 
between him and Dr. Hudson (of which he makes frequent mention) 
increased during this year. He was reported to the Vice-Chan- 
cellor in April for absence from the Library through his duties as 
Bedel, by reason of which readers had difficulty in obtaining books 
lodged above stairs. To this complaint his reply was that he 
was not bound, as Second Librarian, exclusively to do such 
'drudgery,' but that Dr. Hudson was himself obliged by statute to 
deliver out such books as were under lock-and-key, and books 
in quarto and octavo, either personally or by his own special deputy. 
At the same time a complaint was made against him by three 
Bachelors of Arts of Queen's College, for refusing books to them 
which were out of the faculty of Arts prescribed to them by the 
statutes of the Library. Hearne's only reply to the Vice-Chan- 
cellor in this case was the asking whether they had, also in ac- 
cordance with the Statutes, come to the Library in their hoods, 
if under two years' standing; at which 'he smiled.' It appears, 
therefore, that this requirement had already become obsolete. 
Dr. Hudson, however, regarded the matter more seriously, and 
threatened that Hearnc should be turned out of both his places. 

April 15. (Good Friday!) ' This morning Dr. Hudson went out 
of town, and that pert jackanapes Bowles (who is Dr. Hudson's 
servitor) came to tell me that he is gone, and that the sweeper of 
the Library being dead, I must not admitt any one to sweep the' 

1 Letters by Eminent Per^onf, iSj^, vol. i. p. 204. 



1 40 ANNALS OF THE 1715 

Library as formerly. I returned answer I had nothing to do in 
that case. In the afternoon I was at study in the Library, and 
Bowles brings up a woman and girl, and set them to sweeping, and 
left them there, tho' this should not have been, they being not 
sworn nor admitted as sweepers. Indeed all things are now done 
very irregularly in the Library by the permission of Dr. Hudson, 
and by the impudence of this pert, silly servitour, and I am afraid 
much mischief is done withall. The whole Library and galleries 
and studies and the Anatomy School used to be swept this day ; 
they began about eight, and had not done till four or five in the 
afternoon. But now the Library only below stairs was swept over, 
and that very slightly, and all things were left in a bad condition, 
to my very great concern 1 .' 

At the visitation on Nov. 8, the Curators passed a resolution 
that the places of Under-librarian and Bedel were inconsistent, 
and that on S. Thomas' day Hudson should be at liberty 
to appoint some other person to Hearne's office. Hereupon 
Hearne immediately, without a moment's delay, resigned both the 
offices of Architypographus and Superior Bedel of Civil Law, and 
claimed to remain in the Library ; but Hudson had fresh locks 
put on the doors, of which Bowles kept the keys, so that Hearne 
was unable to go in and out as before. However, he continued 
to execute his office whenever the Library was open until Jan. 23, 
1716, when the Act which imposed a fine of 500, with other 
penalties, upon any one who held any public office without having 
taken the Oaths, came into operation. Then at once, all worldly 
interests, all affection for the old place of his studies and his care, 
gave way to the honest and unwavering dictates of his conscience ; 
the Non-juror withdrew, and, with singularly hard measure, in 
spite of his representations, his place was ordered by the Curators 
to be filled up at Lady-Day, not on the ground of his own retire- 
ment, but on that of neglect of duty! His successor was Rev. 

' Hearne's MS. Diary, liii. 124, 5. 



17 15 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 141 

John Fletcher, M.A., Chaplain, and afterwards Fellow, of Queen's 
College. Hearne states that his salary was, with great unfairness, 
withheld from him for the whole half-year preceding Lady-Day, 
together with some fees which were due 1 . But to the end of his 
life he maintained that he was still, de jure, Sub-librarian, and, 
with a quaint pertinacity, regularly at the end of each term and 
half-year, up to March 30, 1735!, continued to set down, in one of 
the volumes of his Diary, that no fees had been paid him, and that 
his half-year's salary was due. 

On Hearne's announcing John Ross's Historia Anglice for pub- 
lication in this year, W. Whiston forwarded to him a MS. of a 
Latin historical poem entitled Britannica, written in 1606 by an 
author of the same names as the forth-coming historian, with the 
following note inserted : 

' This book was written, as I think, by my great uncle, Mr. John 
Rosse, rector of Norton-juxta-Twycross in Leicestershire, where 
I was myself born. If it may be of any use to Mr. Hern at 
Oxford in his intended edition of this or some other work of the 
same author now advertis'd, or may be thought worthy of a place 
in the publick library of that University, it is hereby freely given 

thereto by 

'WILLIAM WHISTON. 

'London, December 12, 1715." 

Hearne adds that (of course) the author was altogether different 
from the Ross of his editing, and that the poem had been printed 
at Frankfort in 1607, as he learned from a MS. Catalogue of 
Mr. Richard Smith's books lent him by Bp. Fleetwood of Ely 3 . 
The MS. is now numbered, Bodley 573. 

A learned tailor of Norwich was in this year recommended by 

1 Life, 1772, pp. 18-20. 

2 He died on June 10, in that year. 

3 This catalogue was sold at the auction in 1855 of the MSS. of Dr. Routh. 
whf) had bought it at Heber's sale. 



1 42 ANNALS OF THE 1715- 

Dr. Tanner, then Chancellor of Norwich Cathedral, for the Jani- 
tor's place in the Library should it be vacant. Although but a 
journeyman tailor of thirty years of age> who had been taught 
nothing but English in his childhood, Henry Wild had contrived 
within seven years to master seven languages, Latin, Greek, 
Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic and Persian, to which Tanner 
adds, in another letter to Dr. Rawlinson, Samaritan and Ethiopic. 
The application appears to have been unsuccessful so far as the 
holding office in the Library was concerned j but Wild found some 
employment in the Library for a time in the translating and copying 
Oriental MSS 1 . He removed to London about 1720, and died 
in the following year, as we learn from an entry in Hearne's MS, 
Diary, (xcii. 128-9,) under date of Oct. 29, 1721, where we read: 

' About a fortnight since died in London Mr. Henry Wild, com- 
monly called, the Arabick Taylour. I have more than once men- 
tioned him formerly. He was by profession a taylour of Norwich, 
and was a married man. But having a strange inclination to 
languages, by a prodigious industry he obtain'd a very considerable 
knowledge in many, without any help or assistance from others. 
He understood Arabick perfectly well, and transcrib'd, very fairly, 
much from Bodley, being patroniz'd by that most eminent phy- 
sician, Dr. Rich. Mead. He died of a feaver, aged about 39. He 
was about a considerable work, viz. a history of the old Arabian 
physicians, from an Arabick MS. in Bodley. The MS. was wholly 
transcrib'd by him a year agoe, but what progress he had made 
for the press I know not.' 

Five MSS., including the Leiger Book of Malmesbury Abbey, 
together with a large number of printed books, were given on 
May 7, by William Brewster, M.D. of Hereford, a well-known 
antiquary 2 . 

A thick quarto volume (1052 pages) containing a Latin treatise 

1 Letters by Eminent Persons, i. 271, 300. [On p. 270 for Turner, read Tanner.] 
* Hearne's MS. Diary, liii. 148. 



-i 7 18 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 143 

by Adam Zernichaus on the controversy between the Eastern and 
Western Churches, concerning the Procession of the Holy Ghost, 
was forwarded to the Library through Sir Robert Sutton, am- 
bassador at Constantinople, by Chrysanthus, Patriarch of Jerusalem, 
nephew and successor of Dositheus, an autograph Greek epistle 
from whom, occupying seven pages, is prefixed. At the end is 
a list of eleven German scribes who were employed upon the 
transcription of the volume, with the payments they severally re- 
ceived. It appears from the Benefaction Register that the volume 
was not actually received at the Library until 1722; and in 1731, 
an entry in the catalogue records that the MS. 'was restored to 
Sir Robert Sutton, by order of the Vice-Chancellor;' but no 
reason or explanation is given. For more than a century the 
Patriarch's gift was consequently lost from the place of its desti- 
nation ; but in Dec. 1864, having turned up for sale among the 
well-known stores of Mr. C. J. Stewart, it was secured by the 
Librarian at the cost of 5 15.?. ftd., and is once more to be found 
in its legitimate quarters, numbered MS. Addit. Bodl. ii. c. 9. 
Chrysanthus also gave, in 1725, a copy of Dositheus' History of the 
Patriarchate of Jerusalem, which was printed, in Greek, in 1715. 

A.D. 1716. 

On Aug. 23, a legacy of 100 from Dr. South (who died 
July 8), for the purchase of modern books, was paid to the Vice- 
Chancellor 1 . 

Arms in the ivindow. See 1610. 

A.D. 1718. 

One Mr. Hutton appears to have been employed in the 
Library during this year. It seems, from a passage in a letter of 

1 Hearne's Diary, lix. 14! ; Relifgq. Hearn. i. 366. 



144 ANNALS OF THE 1718- 

C. Wheatly's, printed in Letters by Eminent Persons, ii. 1 16, that the 
learned commentator Samuel Parker, son of the Bishop of Oxford, 
was also at some time employed in the Library; for Wheatly 
expresses a wish that S. Parker's son, then (1739) an apprentice 
to Mr. Clements the bookseller, might, if the accounts of his ex-, 
traordinary proficiency be true, be placed ' in his father's seat, the 
Bodleian Library.' As Parker was a non-juror, his employment 
must doubtless have been at some earlier period'than this, but his 
name is not met with in any of the old Account-books or Regis- 
ters. One Thomas Parker occurs in the Library accounts in 1766 
and in 1772. 

A.D. 1719. 

Dr. Hudson died, on Nov. 27, of dropsy. And at one o'clock on 
the afternoon of the very next day, Joseph Bowles, M.A., of Oriel 
College, was elected in his room. 

The bitter terms in which Hearne frequently, in the course of 
his Diary, condemns Hudson's management, or rather mismanage- 
ment, of the Library, may be supposed to be owing in a con- 
siderable degree to personal pique and quarrel 1 . But they meet 
with very singular and abundant confirmation in the letter of Z. C. 
Uffenbach, quoted above (p. 130), when the writer expresses, in 
the following strong language, his opinion of Hudson's neglect 
and incapacity, and of the general condition of the Library under 
his management; 

' Perpende, quaeso, mecum, vir eruditissime, quantus thesaurus 
ex solius Bodleianae Bibliothecae codicibus elici possit, nisi Proto- 
Bibliothecarii Hudson negligentia ac pertinacia obstaret. Is enim 
muneri abunde satisfecisse, imo eximie ornasse Spartam videri 
vult, dum tot annis unico scriptori, Thucydidem ejus puto, omni 

1 In one passage, Hearne says that such was Hudson's self-esteem that he 
reckoned himself equal to Erasmus or Sir Thomas More, while all that was curious in 
his books was gained from Hearne himself or others. (MS. Diary, vol. Iviii. p. 158.) 



-I? ' 9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 145 

Bibliothecae cura plane abjecta, insudavit, cum hoc, quod supra 
dixi, potius agendum fuisset. Nefandam hujus insignis Bibliothecae 
sortem (ignosce justae indignationi) satis deplorare nequeo. In- 
culta plane jacet, nemo ferme tanto thesauro uti, frui, gestit. 
Singulis sane diebus per trium mensium spatium illam frequentavi, 
sed, ita me dii ament, nunquam tot una vice homines in ilia vidi 
quot numero sunt Musae, vel saltern artes liberales. De librorum 
studiosis loquor ; nam puerorum, muliercularum, rusticorum, hinc 
inde cursitantium, voluminumque multitudinem per transennas 
spectantium mirantiumque, ccetum excipio. . . . De Proto-biblio- 
thecarii incuria jam dixi, ejusque stupendam in historia literaria 
librariaque, inprimis extra Insulam ultraque maria, ignorantiam 
taceo.' 

Of Hearne, however, UfFenbach writes in the following different 
strain : 

' Hie scholaris, ut hie loqui amant, esse solet, atque etiamnum 
est, nomine Hearne, qui, prae reliquis, diligentiam suam non modo 
scriptis, sed in novo etiam Bibliothecae catalogo confitiendo, 
typis proxime exscribendo, probavit; ast, quod dolendum, ad 
exemplum prioris, qui satis jejunus, inconcinnus, erroribusque 
innumeris scatens est.' 

Hudson's successor, Bowles, had previously been his Assistant 
for some years, and as, while Hearne was Under-keeper, he 
had come into sharp collision with that irascible antiquary (see 
under 1715), his election now was a matter of sore annoyance to 
the latter. Hearne dwells upon it in his Diary with great bitterness 
and at great length : ' Competitors were Mr. Hall, of Queen's, 
and that pert conceited coxcomb Mr. Bowles (who is not yet 
Regent Master) of Oriel College. Bowles carried it by a great 
majority, having about 160 votes, and Mr. Hall about 77. I 
think it the most scandalous election that I have yet heard of in 
Oxford.' Of his supporters he speaks thus : ' Charlett and such 
rogues, who contrived to bring in that most compleat coxcomb 



146 ANNALS OF THE 1719- 

Bowles to be Head-Librarian, to the immortal scandal of all 
that were concern'd in it 1 .' And even, when ten years later he 
records Bowies' death, he indulges, in forgetfulness of charity to 
the departed, in the following strain : ' Of this gentleman (a most 
vile, wicked wretch) frequent mention hath been made in these 
Memoirs. He took the degree of M.A. Oct. 12, 1719. Tis in- 
credible what damage he did to the Bodl. Library, by putting it into 
disorder and confusion, which before, by the great pains I had 
taken in it (&c.), was the best regulated library in the world 2 .' 
Bowies' name never occurs in the Diary without some oppro- 
brious epithet being attached to it, which may be accounted for 
partly from his having taken the oaths of allegiance after declaring 
he would never do it (a defection which Hearne never forgave 
in any one), but chiefly also from his having personally excluded 
Hearne from the Library, when the latter refused to resign his 
keys in 1715, by procuring new locks and keys, which he kept 
in his own custody. 

Three or four days after Bowies' election, Mr. Fletcher, the 
Sub-librarian (disliking, no doubt, the appointment of his junior 
over his head), resigned his office, to which Bowles appointed 
the well-known antiquary, Francis Wise. Upon this appointment 
Hearne comments thus : ' Bowles put in Mr. Wise, A.M., of 
Trin. Coll. (a pretender to antiquities), tho' he had promised it 
to one of Oriel Coll., that came in fellow of Oriel when he did, 
and was very serviceable to him in getting the Head Librarian's 
place ; for which Bowles is strangely scouted and despis'd at Oriel, 
as a breaker of his word, and a whiffling, silly, unfaithfull, cox- 
comb.' It must be allowed that the portrait of Bowles in the 
Library bears out in some degree Hearne's last epithet, by giving 
him the appearance rather of a fine clerical gentleman than of a 
student. 

1 Vol. Ixxxiv. pp. 59, 60. * Vol. cxxii. p. 158. 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY. M7 

Baskett, the printer, presented to the Library a magnificent 
copy on vellum of the 'Vinegar' Bible, printed by him in 1717. 
Only three copies were so struck off; the second was placed in 
the King's Library, and the third was sold to the Duke of 
Chandos, for five hundred guineas, at whose sale, in 1747, Lord 
Foley purchased it for 72 9.?. 



A.D. 1720. 

About this time, one John Hawkins, a highwayman (who was 
executed in May, 1722), is said by an accomplice, Ralph Wilson, 
who published an account of his robberies, to have defaced some 
pictures in the Library. The University is said to have offered 
100 for discovery, and a poor Whig tailor was taken up on 
suspicion, and narrowly escaped a whipping. No particulars, 
however, of Hawkins' act are given in the pamphlet, and no further 
notice of it has been found elsewhere. 

Joseph Swallow, B.A., who died in this year, is found from 
the Accounts to have been employed, for some short time, in the 
Library. 

In this year the titles of all books which were bought out of 
the Library funds begin to be recorded, together with their prices ; 
they are entered in a Register marked with the letter C. 

Visitors' Fees. See 1713. 



A.D. 1721. 

The inscription on the Schools' Tower, beneath the statue of 
James I, was renewed in this year 1 . 

Sir Godfrey Kneller presented his own portrait to the Gallery. 

1 Hearne's Diary, xci. 196. 
L 2 



i 4 8 ANNALS OF THE 1722- 

A.D. 1722. 

Mrs. Mary Prince is recorded to have presented heads of our 
Blessed LORD and of King Charles I, painted by herself. They 
appear to be the two paintings on copper, now hanging in the 
Sub-librarian's study, called Mus. Bibl. II. Beneath that of our 
LORD is the following inscription : ' This present figure is the 
symylytude of our Lorde Jesus our Saviour, imprinted in amyrald 
by the Predecessors of the Great Turke, & sent to Pope Innocent 
ye Eight at the cost of the Great Turke for a token, for this 
caus, to redeme his brother that was taken prisner.' The in- 
scription is, of course, if the painting be Mrs. Prince's work, repro- 
duced literatim from some older copy. 

The attachment to the old Stuart family, which was so warmly 
cherished in Oxford, appears to have lingered in the Bodleian, 
notwithstanding Hearne's departure, who himself would scarcely 
have thought that a vestige of it had been left behind. For in the 
Benefaction Register for this year, the gift of a portrait of Sheffield, 
Duke of Buckingham, from his widow Catherine, a natural daughter 
of James II, is entered as coming from ' filia Regis Jacobi II, 



Chrysanthus, Patriarch of Jerusalem. See 1715. 

A.D. 1723. 

The noble brass statue of William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, 
(who was Chancellor of the University from 1617 to his death 
in 1630, and was the donor of the Barocci MSS.,) which forms 
such a conspicuous feature in the Picture Gallery, was presented 
this year by the earl's great nephew, Thomas, the seventh Earl of 
Pembroke. It was cast by the famous artist Hubert le Sceur, from 
a picture by Rubens, and is said to weigh about 1 600 Ibs. The 



-1724 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 149 

letter of thanks from the University was read in Convocation on 
April 19 ; it is criticized by Hearne in his Diary 1 in the following 
terms : ' I am told that this letter is very silly and poor, and that, 
among other things, his Lordship is told in it that the statue is 
placed in cede immortalitatis. Now what this cedes immortalitatis, 
church, temple or chappel of immortality is, I cannot conceive, 
but am sure that the statue is at present fix'd in the Picture Gallery, 
adjoyning to the Bodl. Library.' 

A.D. 1724. 

The MSS. Adversaria of Dr. J. E. Grabe came to the Library 
in this year after the death of Bishop Smalridge (Sept. 27, 1719), 
in accordance with the will of their writer, who at his death 
(Nov. 12, 1712) bequeathed them first to Hickes and next to 
Smalridge, with the final reversion to the Bodleian. They form 
forty-three volumes. Some account of them is given in Hickes' 
Discourse prefixed to Grabe's Defects and Omissions in Whistori s 
Collection of Testimonies, <Scc. (8. Lond. 1712), and they are fully 
catalogued by Mr. Coxe in vol. i. of the general Catalogue of 
MSS., cols. 851-876. In a written list of them, preserved in the 
Library, Dr. Bandinel has noted that several volumes of the series 
were purloined before they came to Oxford, while remaining in 
the possession of a friend after Grabe's death. 

A Zend MS. very well and clearly written (dated in the year 
1005 of the era of Yezdegird, i.e. A.D. 1635), of the Leges Sacra, 
Ritus, &c. Zoroastris, was received from G. Bowcher, a merchant 
in the East Indies. It was given in 1718, but not forwarded until 
1723, when it was brought from India by Rev. Rich. Cobbe, M.A. 
It is now numbered Bodl. Or. 321. And a Coptic Lexicon, com- 
piled and prepared for the press by Rev. Thos. Edward, M.A., 

1 Vol. xcvi. p. 101. 



i 5 o ANNALS OF THE 1724- 

a former Chaplain of Ch. Ch., was bought for the sum of ten 
guineas, which was specially granted from the University Chest. 
It is now numbered Bodl. Orient. 344. The author was originally 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, and tells us in his preface that 
Bishop Fell, who was also Dean of Ch. Ch., meeting him 
there in the house of Dr. Edmund Castell, with whom he was 
living, brought him to Oxford by appointing him a Chaplain of 
the Cathedral, with the view of carrying on the study of the Coptic 
language, which had fallen to the ground upon the death of 
Dr. Marshal of Lincoln College. But just when Edward was 
prepared to begin printing the results of his labours, his patron, 
the Bishop, died; and, as he found no one else cared for the 
subject, he took the College living of Badby in Northamptonshire, 
and quitted Oxford. He finally became Rector of Aldwinkle in the 
same county, and died there in the year 1721. His book is 
dated 1711. It is cited by Archdeacon Tattam in his Lexicon 
jEgyptiaco-Latinum. Another MS. Coptic Lexicon, in two volumes, 
was purchased in 1857. 



A.D. 1726. 

A large collection (in twenty-five volumes) of the tracts on the 
Roman Catholic Controversy which appeared between 1680-1690, 
was given by Will. Smith, M.A., of Univ. Coll., and Rector of 
Melsonby, Yorkshire. 

A.D. 1727. 

Thomas Perrott, D.C.L., of St. John's College, gave nine 
volumes of MSS., the most important of which is a copy-book of 
the letters written by Sir John Perrott, Lord Deputy of Ireland, in 
1584-6. Another is a book of orders from the Privy Council to 



-1729 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 151 

the officers of the Customs at London, 1604-18 : a third, notes of 
a sermon preached by Usher at the Temple, July 2, 1620. A few 
political and miscellaneous tracts, tempp. Eliz.Jac. /, and two 
heraldic MSS., complete the number. The MSS. are noticed in 
the return printed in the Record Commission Report for 1800, 
p. 348. 

Some Greek MSS. were bought which had been brought from 
Mount Athos ; three of them are now placed amongst the Crom- 
well MSS., Nos. 15, 1 6, and 27, and three others are numbered 
Miscell. Gr. 137-9. 

Sale of Duplicates. See 1745. 

A.D. 1729. 

Mr. Bowles, the Librarian, died at Shaftesbury, the place of his 
birth, and was buried there on Nov. 25. On Dec. 2, Mr. Robert 
Fysher, B. M., Fellow of Oriel College, was elected his successor 
by 100 votes to 85 over Francis Wise, the Under-librarian. 
Mr. John Bilstone, M.A., Chaplain of All Souls' and Janitor of the 
Library, was also a candidate, but retired before the election, in 
the hope of securing Wise's return. As Wise held Hearne's old 
place, and was regarded by him as an usurper, and as Bilstone 
held in his possession the new keys which Bowles originally pro- 
cured to render Hearne's old ones useless, the latter consequently 
regarded them both with great disfavour, and rejoiced greatly at 
the result of the election. His account of it is printed in the 
Reliqq. Hearn. vol. ii. p. 712. 

Forty-two MS. volumes came to the Library by the bequest of 
the widow of Mr. Francis Cherry, of Shottesbrooke, Berks, the 
early patron and constant friend of Hearne 1 . Cherry himself 

1 In the Benefaction Register they are erroneously entered as coming by the 
bequest of Mr. Cherry himself. 



ig2 ANNALS OF THE 1729- 

died Sept. 23, 1713, and Hearne says that he had intended to 
give his MSS. to his old proiegte. They are not, for the most part, 
of very great value, but among them are various volumes by 
Dodwell ; and a book written and bound by Q. Eliz. is described 
above, under the year 1628. Hearne was greatly annoyed at a 
paper of his own, containing reasons for taking the oath of alle- 
giance, which he had written in 1700, coming into the Library 
amongst these books ; he endeavoured in vain (although now in 
these days his legal right would be at once recognized) to recover 
it, and it was published, to his still greater annoyance, by the Whigs, 
under the editorship of Mr. Bilstone, the janitor. An account of 
Hearne's endeavours to regain it, together with a notice of 
Mrs. Cherry's bequest and of the MSS., is to be found in Dr. Bliss' 
Appendix to his Reliqq. Hearn. ii. 899 906. 

In the Register of Readers admitted by favour occurs, under 
date of April 19, the name of 'C.Wesley, JEdis Xti alumn.,' 
written in a neat and clear hand. The name of his great brother 
is not found in any register extending over the period of his stay in 
Oxford. At this time the Library appears to have been almost 
entirely forsaken. Between 1730-1740 it rarely happens that above 
one or two books are registered to readers in a day, while often 
for whole days together not a single entry occurs ; and since, in the 
register for this period, the books are noted down by three hands, 
it can hardly be possible that the blanks are due to the negligence 
of librarians (as might have been supposed were the same hand- 
writing found throughout) rather than to the lack of students. 

A.D. 1735. 

On the death of Hearne (June 10, 1735) fifteen of the MSS. 
of Thomas Smith, D.D., of Magdalen College, the well-known and 
learned non-juror, came to the Library, Smith having bequeathed 



-1736 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 153 

them to Hearne on this condition. With them came also copies 
of Camden's Britannia and Annales Eliz., with MSS. notes by their 
author. The rest of Smith's MSS. appear to have come to the 
Library together with the mass of Hearne's collections, included 
in Rawlinson's bequest in 1755. They amount altogether to 138 
thin volumes, containing notes, extracts and letters on all kinds 
of subjects. There is a very full written catalogue of their con- 
tents, in two volumes. Three Greek MSS. were given by Smith 
himself on his return from his travels in the East about 1681. 

A.D. 1736. 

The Library was enriched with the collections of the well- 
known antiquary, Thomas Tanner, Bishop of St. Asaph, who 
died on Dec. 14, in the preceding year. By his will, dated Nov. 22, 
I 733 he bequeathed his MSS. to the Library together with 
such printed books, not already there, as the Curators and 
Library-keeper should think fit to accept. But he directed his 
executor to burn all his sermon -notes, 'and other little pieces and 
attempts in divinity,' as well as all his own private papers and letters. 
The largest portion of his MSS. (nearly 300 volumes out of 467) 
consists of the papers which he himself says he ' bought 'of Arch- 
bishop Sancroft's executors,' but which it is said in the Gent. Mag. 
for 1782 (cited by Gough in his British Topography, i. 1 26) he bought 
for eighty guineas of the bookseller Bateman, to whom Sancroft's 
executors had sold them '. Together with these, and perhaps not 
now to be distinguished, are some of the collections of Dr. Nalson 
between 1640 and 1660. To the latter a claim was made through 
Archdeacon Knight, in 1737, by Dr. Williams of St. John's College, 
as grandson of Nalson ; but the Bishop's brother replied (as we 
learn from a copy of his answer and of another letter written by 

1 Eighteen other voluim-s of Bancroft's MSS. are to be found in the Marleian 
Collection, Brit. Mvis . and a few among Wharton's books at Lambeth. 



154 ANNALS OF THE 1736 

him in 1753) that the Bishop had bought them at Ely, where they 
had lain neglected for many years, and he thought possibly from 
some one living in the house which Nalson inhabited when Pre- 
bendary of Ely. The matter ended by Dr. Williams waiving any 
claim which he had, in consideration of the place of deposit being 
the Bodleian *. Sancroft's and Nalson's papers together comprise 
a large series of letters of the time of the Civil War, of the highest 
interest and value, from most of the leading personages on both 
sides, including Charles I, Rupert, the Protector Oliver, and 
Hampden. There are also collections relating to various dioceses, 
with very much that illustrates both the ecclesiastical and literary 
history of the seventeenth century 2 . A selection from the Civil 
War letters was published, in 2 vols. in 1842, by Rev. Henry Gary, 
M.A. (a son of the translator of Dante, and at that time an assistant 
in the Library), under the title of Memorials of the Civil War; but 
the transcripts were very carelessly made, and scarcely a single 
letter can be trusted as faithfully and verbatim representing the 
original. Another volume of selections from Sancroft's papers was 
published, with much better care, by Will. Nelson Clarke, D.C.L., 
80, Edinb. 1848, entitled, A Collection of Letters addressed by Prelates 
and Individuals of high rank in Scotland, and by two Bishops of Sodor 
and Man, to Archbishop Saner oft, in the reigns of Charles II and 
James VII 3 . A catalogue of the MSS., compiled by the Rev. 
Alfred Hackman, M.A. (now Sub-librarian) was published in 1860, 
in a thick quarto volume, forming vol. iv. of the general Catalogue 

1 Thirty-one other volumes of Nalson's papers were offered for sale to Dr. Raw- 
linson in 1751 (Letter to H. Owen, Rawl. MS. C. 989. fol. 121). Four volumes 
which belonged to Bp. Moore's library were restored to Cambridge out of Tanner's 
collection in 1741 ; two of them were registers of the Abbeys of St. Edmund's-bury 
and Langley. 

2 Some collections for Wiltshire made by Tanner did not come to Oxford with 
his library, but were forwarded by his son in I75 1 - 

3 Dr. Clarke appears not to have been aware of the existence of an interesting 
volume of letters from Scottish Bishops to Bishop Compton of London, among 



1736 BODLEIAN LIBRARy. 155 

of MSS. The several volumes are described in brief in the body 
of the work; but a very full Index is subjoined, in which the 
contents of all the letters and papers are entered in detail. The 
printed books (upwards of 900) contain many, by the Reformers 
and their opponents, which are of the utmost rarity in early English 
black-letter divinity. One of these is an unique copy (as it is be- 
lieved) of an edition, printed without place or date, of the Pore 
Helpe, of which there is also an unique copy of another edition, 
equally without place or date, among the Douce books. It has 
not hitherto been remarked that two copies, or two editions, exist 
of this metrical satire. Another volume, which contains several 
tracts printed by W. de Worde and Gerard Leeu, has also two by 
Caxton, hitherto unnoticed as exhibiting his type, and described 
in the Catalogue simply as being books without place or date. 
The merit of their discovery as Caxton's is due to the recent 
research of Mr. Bradshaw, the Librarian of the Cambridge Library. 
The one is a clean and perfect copy of the Governayle of Helthe, 
with the verses called Medicina Stomachi, of which the only copy 
known to Mr. Blades is in the library of the Earl of Dysart at Ham 
House ; the other a wholly unknown quarto edition, in the same 
type, of the Ars Moriendi, 

Unfortunately, when Tanner was removing his books from 
Norwich to Oxford, in Dec. 1731, by some accident in their transit 
(which was made by river) they fell into the water, and were sub- 
merged for twenty hours '. The effects of this soaking are only 
too evident upon very many of them 2 . The whole of the printed 

Rawlinson's MSS. (C. 985), which was rescued by Rawlinson, with the rest of 
Compton's papers, from being destroyed as waste paper. Other letters, including a 
large number from Archbishop Burnett of Glasgow, addressed to Archbishop Sheldon, 
are in a volume of the Sheldon papers. 

1 Gent. Magaz. 1732, p. 583. 

3 None of them, however, are now in the state described in a note in Letters !>y 
Eminent Persons, ii. 89, where it is said that many ' have received so much injury as 



1 56 ANNALS OF THE 1736- 

books were uniformly bound in dark green calf, apparently about 
fifty years ago ; the binder's work was well done, but unhappily all 
the fly-leaves, many of which would doubtless have afforded some- 
thing of interest, with regard to the books and their former pos- 
sessors, were removed. Many of Tanner's own letters are to be 
found amongst the Ballard and Hearne MSS., as well as scattered 
here and there in other collections ; and one volume of them was 
purchased in 1859. Some coins were given by him in 1733. We 
learn from the Accounts that Thomas Toynbee, an undergraduate 
of Balliol College (B.A. 1743, M.A. 1745), received 12 125., in 
1741, for making a list of Tanner's MSS., and that E. Rowe 
Mores, the subsequently well-known antiquary, arranged some of 
his deeds in 1753-4. 

A.D. 1738. 

The third Catalogue of the printed books appeared this year 
in two volumes, folio, of 6n and 714 pp. respectively. It is 
still a Catalogue of great use and value, from its remarkable ac- 
curacy, and from the abundance and minuteness of its cross- 
references. The secret history of this Catalogue, however, as of 
the preceding one, is related by Hearne. By him, as he himself 
frequently tells us 1 , the greater portion of it was virtually prepared 
soon after his appointment as Sub-librarian, in 1712 (although 
no mention of his name is made in Fysher's preface), and to 
him, therefore, its accuracy is most probably in a great measure 
due 2 . He compared every book in the Library with Hyde's 

to be altogether useless, crumbling into pieces on the slightest touch.' Perhaps the 
unique copy of The Children of the Chapel Stript and Wbtpt which Warton says was 
amongst Tanner's books, but which has never appeared in any Bodleian Catalogue, 
may have perished from this cause. For a notice of the disappearance of two of 
Churchyard's tracts, see under the year 1659, P- 81. 

1 Pref. to Cbron. de Dunstaple, p. xii. Avtobiogr. p. II, &c. 

a It is fair to say that Fysher remarks in his preface that experience proved how 



-1738 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 15? 

Catalogue, and corrected many mistakes, adding notes here and 
there about anonymous and synonymous authors, and, as the 
Vice-Chancellor (Dr. Maunder, of Balliol) was anxious to have an 
Appendix issued, he transcribed for this purpose all his corrections 
and additions into two folio volumes, ' which ' (to take up now 
Hearne's own account in his Diary, vol. Ixii. p. 58, under date 
1717) 'now lye and are to be seen in the Library. . . . But at 
last Dr. Hudson thought it more convenient with respect to 
himself that both Dr. Hyde's Catalogue and my Appendix should 
come out together as one intire work, so that he might have 
the honour of all. Upon which he employed one Moses Williams, 
his servitour 1 (the Dr. being then Fellow of University College), 
to transcribe it, the said Williams being in the Dr.'s debt. When 
Williams had done, he demanded the remaining part of his money, 
which was about ten or twelve pounds, the rest having been 
stopped by the Dr. for the debt just now mentioned. The whole 
was fifty Ibs. which he bargained for with the Dr. But when 
Williams desired the said ten or twelve pounds, of which he 
had immediate occasion to discharge the fees and charges for 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, the Dr. was in a very great 
passion, and refused to pay it. Upon which Williams moved 
the matter so far that the Catalogue was laid before the Delegates 



entirely vain and foolish were the reports which had been spread abroad of the 
little or the nothing which, after the labours of their predecessors, would remain for 
the then editors to do. 

1 Moses Williams took his degree as B.A. in 1708. One John Williams (pro- 
bably the one of that name who is entered in the Register of Graduates as having 
taken the degree of B.A. at Oriel in 1704) appears to have been a colleague of 
Hearne's in employment in the Library, about 1704. For in a letter written to 
Hearne, March 20, 170$, one year and a-half after he had quitted Oxford, in 
which he mentions his having been appointed to the Head-mastership of Ruthin 
School in November, 1 705, he refers to ' our dear friends that are in irons at 
the Bodleian Library, there being several, I suppose, that have been manacled in that 
pleasing prison since my being there.' (Rawlinson Letters, vol. xii. f. I.) 



i.5 ANNALS UF 1HE 1738- 

of the Press, and the Dr. was called before them to his very 
great mortification, and they told him that 'twas highly unreason- 
able to stop the poor lad's money. Upon which the Dr. in a 
great rage and fury paid him ; otherwise Williams had most 
certainly put him into the Court. This Catalogue was last summer 
ordered to be printed, and the Dr. was refunded his money; 
but 'tis not yet put to the press, the Dr. being unwilling it 
should be printed till such time as he hath done Josephus.' But 
Hudson died before his Josephus was finished, and the proposed 
new Catalogue was consequently begun, and only begun, by 
his successor, Bowles. The latter printed as far as p. 244 of vol. i. 
and p. 292 of vol. ii. His successor, Fysher, upon his appointment, 
engaged the assistance of his friend, Emmanuel Langford, M.A., 
Vice-Principal of Hart Hall, who completed the second volume? 
while Fysher himself finished the first. At the end of the second 
volume appeared an announcement of a supplemental Catalogue, 
as being ready for the press, containing the books existing in 
College Libraries but wanting in the Bodleian. This, however, 
never appeared, and nothing is known of the MS. from which 
it was to have been printed. Fysher's Catalogue appears, from 
the University Accounts, to have occupied from 1735 in pre- 
paration, for which, and for transcribing it for the press, .194 5-r. 
were paid to him. 

Alexander Pope gave, together with copies of his Iliad and 
Odyssey, a curious volume, containing a series of 178 Portraits of 
East Indian Rajahs and Great Moguls, down to Aurung-Zebe. 
It is now numbered Bodl. MS. Sansk. 14. 

The names of various persons (all, probably, undergraduates) 
employed in the Library about this time are learned from the 
Accounts: 1738, Mr. Hall; 1740-1, Mr. Allen; 1740, Mr. 
Toynbee (Ball. Coll., B.A., 1743); 1743, Mr. Jessett (All Souls', 
B.A., 1745); 1747, Mr. Thomas Winbolt (All Souls', B.A. 1748). 



-i 7 45 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 159 



A.D. 1739. 

Notification was given to the Vice-Chancellor, on June 9, 
that thirteen pictures (of no great value) were bequeathed to the 
Gallery by Dr. King, Master of the Charter House, by his will 
dated July 28, 1736, together with 200 for the cleansing and 
repairing the frames of the pictures already in the Gallery. A list of 
these thirteen is given in Gutch's transl. of Wood's Annals, vol. ii. 
pp. 969, 970. The pictures themselves are now in the Randolph 
Gallery. Dr. King also left a legacy of 400 to the University 
to prepare a complete and handsome edition of Zoroaster's Works, 
in Persian, with a Latin translation and notes; but this portion 
of his bequest was not accepted. 

A.D. 1740. 

A copy of the Byzantine historian, Pachymeres, was restored 
in this year, by order of the Curators, to Emmanuel College, 
Cambridge, from which it had by some means been removed; 
but the College paid 4 4-r. for its restoration. 

A.D. 1745. 

In this year died Nathaniel Crynes, M.A., Fellow of St. John's 
College and Superior Bedel of Arts, to which latter office he 
had been elected Jan. 26, \^\|^ He bequeathed to the 
Library all such books out of his own valuable collection as it 
did not already possess, the rest going to his own College. 
His books in octavo and smaller sizes, with a few quartos, are 
still kept distinct, under his own name, and number 968 volumes, 

1 He left a benefaction to his successor in this office, which now produces 
13 6s. 8rf. yearly. 



160 ANNALS OF Till: 1745- 

many of which are of great rarity. Seven MSS. were presented 
by him in 1736. In 1727 he purchased some duplicates from 
the Library, for 3 i6s. 8</., and a story, told by Warton in 
connection with this purchase, of his fortunately rejecting books 
which bore the name of Milton, will be found under the year 
1620. There is a biographical notice of him in J. Haslewood's 
Introduction to Juliana Barnes' Boke of St. Alban's, Lond. 1810, 
pp. 86-7. In the Accounts for 1746 occur special payments to 
Fr. Wise, and to one Mr. Gerard Bodley, for cataloguing and 
arranging Crynes' books. 

A.D. 1746. 
Trott's Clavis Lingua Sanclte. See 1686. 

A.D. 1747. 

Dr. Fysher, the Librarian, died on Nov. 4, at Mr. Warneford's, 
of Sevenhampton, Wilts, and was buried, on Nov. 7, in Adam de 
Brome's chapel in St. Mary's Church, Oxford. And on Nov. 10, 
Rev. Humphrey Owen, B.D., Fellow of Jesus College (afterwards 
D.D., and chosen Principal of his College in 1763), was unani- 
mously elected his successor 1 . Rawlinson mentions, in a letter 

1 Memorandum by Owen himself, in reply to a question from Rawlinson, Rawl. 
MS. C. 989, f. 142. This volume contains a collection of letters to Owen, chiefly 
from Browne Willis and Rawlinson, between the years 1748-17-16. It affords proof 
that Owen was what his correspondents would call an ' honest ' man, i.e. a Jacobite. 
In one letter, Willis sends him a Latin inscription in praise of Flora Macdonald, 
which he says is ' on a fair lady's picture, in an honest gentl. seat in the province of 
St. David's ;' in another, Rawlinson sends him, as a contribution to the Oxford 
collection of verses on the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, this Jacobite 
epitaph : 

' Here lies Fred., Down among the dead ; 

Had it been his Father, Most had much rather; 

Had it been his Brother, Better than any other ; 

Had it been a Sister, More would have mist her ; 

Wer't the whole generation, Happy for the nation ; 

But since it is only Fred., There is no more to be said." 



-175 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 161 

to Owen of April 15, 1751, that he had heard a complaint that 
in Fysher's time ' there was a great neglect in the entry of books 
into the Benefactors' Catalogue, and into the interleaved one of 
the Library; as to these objections, my answers were as ready 
as true, at least I hope so, that Dr. Fysher's indisposition disabled 
him much from the duty of his office, and that I did not think 
every small benefaction ought to load the velom register 1 .' 

A.D. 1749. 

A Runic Prim staff, or Clog Almanack, was given by Mr. Guy 
Dickens, a gentleman-commoner of Ch. Ch. It is now exhibited, 
together with another (see p. 105), in the glass case near the 
entrance of the Library. Pointer, in his Oxoniensis Academia 
(P- J 43) mentions that an explanation of the Primstaff was given 
by himself; the Accounts show that it was also in this year. 

A number of coins were added to the Numismatic Museum, 
which had been collected by the late Librarian, Fysher. 

A.D. 1750. 

A copy on re/turn, with illuminated initials, &c, of vol. i. (reach- 
ing to the Psalms) of the Vulgate Bible, printed by Fust and 
Schoeffer in 1462, was bought for 2 los. ! The volume was 
imperfect at the end, ceasing at Job xxxii. 5, and seven leaves 
followed in contemporary and beautiful MS., which also ended 
imperfectly at Ps. xxxvi. 9, with one leaf wanting at the end of Job. 
But when the Canonici Collection of MSS. was received from 
Venice, in 1818, among some fragments which were found in 
one of the boxes were fourteen leaves of a MS. Bible, which 
were at once recognised as being part of those wanted to complete 
this book, and which left only four still deficient. The volume 
came to the Library from the collection of Nic. Jos. Foucault, 

1 Rawl. MS. C. 989. 

M 



162 ANNALS OF THE 1750- 

' Comes Consistorianus/ many other of whose MSS. and printed 
books came by Rawlinson's bequest ; but through how many 
hands the missing leaves had passed in the seventy subsequent 
years ere they were thus marvellously restored to their place, 
it is impossible to tell 1 . 

A.D. 1751. 

A benefaction from Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham, of .60 to 
the Librarian and of 10 for the purchase of books, appears for 
the first time in the Accounts for this year. These sums (which 
are still annually paid into the General Fund) proceed from a 
bequest of 200 per ann. from Crewe (who died Sept. 24, 1721) 
to the University. A proposal to give these same sums to the 
Library, with other assignments for the remainder, was brought 
forward in Convocation on June 5, 1723, but the scheme was 
then rejected 2 . And thus nearly thirty years seem to have elapsed 
from the time of the bequest before the share for the Library was 
definitely fixed and paid. 

Charles Gray, M.P. for Colchester, presented a MS. Roll, con- 
taining a Survey of the estates of the Abbey of Glastonbury at the 
Dissolution, which is printed by Hearne in his Appendix to Lang- 
toft's Chronicle, vol. ii. pp. 343-388, from a copy made from this 
original; and an inscription, in the Phoenician language, upon a 
white marble stone, which was brought, with many others, from 
Citium, in the island of Cyprus, by Dr. Porter, a physician of Thaxted 
in Essex. The stone measures twelve inches in length, by three 
in breadth, and three in depth. It has been frequently engraved : 
first by Pocock (Travels in the East, vol. ii. pi. xxxiii. 2); next by 
Swinton (Inscriptiones Citiea, 1750, and Philos. Trans. 1764); 
afterwards by Chandler, Barthe'lemy, &c; and, lastly, by Gesenius 

1 The story of this recovery has been already related by Archd. Cotton in his 
Typographical Gazetteer, p. 339, where by mistake he refers the original purchase to 
the year 1752. 3 Hearne's Diary, xcvii. 12. 



-i?53 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 163 

(for whom former copies were collated with the original, and 
corrected, by Mr. Reay) in his Scriptura Linguaque Phoenicia 
Monumenta, published in 1837, where the inscription is described 
at pp. 126-133, part i., and engraved at pi. xi. part iii. It appears 
to be an epitaph by a husband in memory of his wife. The stone 
is now kept in one of the Sub-librarians' studies. 

Thomas Shaw, the well-known Eastern traveller, bequeathed his 
collection of natural curiosities, which was sent to the Ashmolean 
Museum, and the MS. of his own travels, with corrections, and 
other papers. Copies of Caxton's Game of the Chesse and Recuyell 
o/Troye were given by Mr. James Bowen, of Shrewsbury, painter 1 . 

A.D. 1753. 

In May of this year died Henry Hyde, Lord Cornbury, son of 
Henry Hyde, Earl of Rochester, and great-grandson of the great 
Earl of Clarendon. He had made a will bequeathing all the Chan- 
cellor's MSS. to the University of Oxford, to be printed at their 
press, and the profits to be devoted to a school for riding and 
other athletic exercises in the University, should such an institution 
be accepted, or else to other approved uses. Dying before his father, 
through the effects of an accident, his bequest was void, as he 
was never actually in possession of the papers to which it referred ; 
but after the death of his father in Dec. following, his sisters, who 
were the co-heiresses, carried out his will, by sending all the 
Clarendon MSS. in their possession to the University on the 
same conditions 2 . From these was published in 1759 (in which 
year the papers appear to have been deposited in the Library) the 

1 A MS. vol. of collections by htm relating to the history of Shropshire, dated 
1768, is among Cough's books, Salop MS. 20. 

' On Feb. 4, 1868, a scheme for the appropriation of the accumulated fund 
(now amounting to about 12,000), which had been approved by the Clarendon 
Trustees, was accepted by Convocation. The money is to be applied to the 
erection of laboratories, &c, at the University Museum, for the Professor of Experi- 
mental Philosophy. 



M I 



,64 ANNALS OF THE i?53 

Life of the first Earl, reprinted in several editions up to the year 
1827. This was followed, in 1767-73, by the publication, under 
the editorship of Dr. Rich. Scrope, of Magd. Coll., of vols. i., ii. 
of a selection from the Stale Papers ; of which vol. iii. appeared 
under the editorship of Mr. Thos. Monkhouse, of Queen's Coll., 
in 1786. During the progress of this publication, however, the 
original collection of MSS. papers was very largely increased by 
the acquisition of various portions which had long before been de- 
tached. Some were obtained, before the publication of vol. i., from 
the executors of Rich. Powney, LL.D. ; and many were presented 
to the University, before the publication of vol. ii., by the Radcliffe 
Trustees, who had bought them for ,170 when sold by auction in 
1764 by the executors of Joseph Radcliffe, Esq., one of the 
executors to Edward, third Earl of Clarendon, who died in 1723. 
Dr. Douglas (afterwards Bishop of Salisbury), who was employed 
in the latter purchase, himself bought and gave some MSS. 
which had belonged to Mr. Guthrie, and was instrumental also 
in procuring some letters from Viscountess Middleton, &c. 
Again, before the publication of vol. iii. many further papers 
were purchased by the Radcliffe Trustees from a Mr. Richards, 
near Salisbury (from whose father Mr. Powney had obtained his 
portion), and from Mr. W. M. Godschall, of Albury, Surrey. And 
lastly, about eight or ten years ago, several boxes (including 
Clarendon's own iron-bound escritoire), containing miscellaneous 
papers, were forwarded by the Clarendon Trustees in final dis- 
charge of their trust. 

A MS. of the History of the Rebellion, in seven volumes, together 
with one of the Contemplations, in three volumes, was forwarded in 
1785 or 1786 by the Duke of Queensbury. The former MS. 
appears to be that from which the first edition was printed by 
the Earl of Rochester 1 . 

1 In the Benefaction Book this gift is entered under 1793, but it is mentioned in 
the Preface to vol. iii. of the State Papers, dated May 29, 1786, as having been 



1753 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 165 

A complete Calendar of the Clarendon State Papers is now 
in progress under the care of several editors. As far as it has 
advanced, it has proved the good judgment and the extreme cor- 
rectness with which the printed selection was made ; but as that 
selection ended with the Restoration, while the papers themselves 
reach on to 1667, the year of the Earl's banishment, the later por- 
tion may be expected to contain much of fresh interest and value. 

It was in this year also that the first portion of the MSS. of 
Thomas Carte, the ' Englishman ' and historian, came to the 
Library. It has been universally supposed that his voluminous 
and invaluable collections came en masse subsequently to his death, 
but the Library Register shows that Oxford was indebted to him 
for a considerable and important portion during his life. In this 
year we find that he sent the papers which relate to the life of the 
great Duke of Ormonde, with a large number of others bearing on 
the history of Ireland from the time of Queen Elizabeth, comprised 
in thirty volumes folio and quarto. In the following year, shortly 
before his death (which occurred on April 2, 1754) he forwarded 
twenty-six more of his Irish volumes, in folio, marked A, B, C, D, 
&c. And in 1757 nine more of the same series were forwarded by 
his widow from Caldecot, near Abingdon, according to an entry in 
the old Catalogue, which appears to correspond to one in the 
annual Register to the effect that four more boxes were forwarded 
by the executors, ' by order of Rev. Mr. Hill.' The remainder of his 
collections were left in the hands of his widow, who, re-marrying 
to Mr. Nicholas Jernegan, or Jerningham (of the family seated at 
Cossey, Norfolk), bequeathed them, upon her death, to him, with 
the reversion to the University of Oxford. While they were in 
Mr. Jernegan's possession they were largely used by Macpherson 

' lately ' given. Another copy of part of the History, partly written by William 
Edgeman, who was Hyde's secretary at Scilly and during his first exile, came to the 
Library among RawlinsonN MSS., by whom it was bought at the sale of the Chandos 
Library in 1747 for i 1C*.' 



1 66 ANNALS OF THE 1753- 

for his publication of State Papers, for which use of them 300 
were paid ; and the agreement entered into by the publisher Cadell, 
when borrowing some of them for this purpose, is preserved in the 
MS. Catalogue of the collection. In 1778, however, Mr. Jernegan 
disposed of his life-interest to the University, for (as Nichols ' was 
informed by Price) the sum of 50, and the remainder were conse- 
quently at once transferred to the Library. The collection num- 
bers altogether 1 80 volumes in folio, fifty-four in quarto, and seven 
in octavo, besides several bundles of Carte's own papers ; and is 
accompanied by a very full list of contents, compiled by Carte 
himself, in one folio volume. The mass of papers relating to 
Ireland which these volumes contain is enormous, drawn chiefly 
from the stores accumulated by Ormonde at Kilkenny Castle ; to 
which are added miscellaneous historical collections derived from 
Lords Huntingdon, Sandwich, and Wharton. There are, also, 
several volumes of extracts and papers, collected with immediate 
reference to Carte's History of England. And a third, and 
especially interesting, portion consists of the papers of Mr. David 
Nairne, under-secretary to James II during his exile, which reach 
from 1692 to 1718, and fill two volumes in folio and eight or nine 
in quarto. It was from these that Macpherson chiefly compiled 
his Original Papers, published in 1775, in 2 vols., 4. A Report 
upon the contents of the collection, with special reference to 
Ireland (omitting the Nairne papers) was made to the Master of 
the Rolls byT. Duffus Hardy, Esq., and Rev. J. S. Brewer in 1863, 
and was printed in the following year, together with an extremely 
useful summary of the contents of the various volumes, and a 
reference-table of the letters, &c, printed by Carte in his Ormonde 
volumes. In consequence of this Report, two Commissioners (the 
Rev. Dr. Russell, President of Maynooth, and J. P. Prendergast, 
Esq.) were appointed to examine the whole series, and select for 
transcription all historical and official papers of interest relating to 

1 Lit. Anted, ii. 514. 



-1754 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 167 

Ireland, with a view to the preservation of copies in the Record 
Office at Dublin. Several transcribers are therefore now con- 
tinuously employed in transcribing for this purpose the papers 
selected by the Commissioners. Some notice of the MSS. is to be 
found in the Record Commission Report for 1800, p. 354. 

A.D. ^54. 

In this year the MS. collections of Rev. John Walker, D.D., of 
Exeter (son of Endymion Walker, of Exeter; born 1674, dec. 
I747 1 ), from which he compiled his valuable and laborious work, 
The Sufferings of the Clergy, were forwarded to the Library by his 
son, William Walker, a druggist in Exeter, as appears from a 
letter from the latter preserved among papers relating to the 
Library in the Librarian's study. The annual accounts, however, 
mention the gift under the year 1756. Dr. Walker had expressed 
in his book (pref. p. xliii.) his intention to deposit his papers in 
some public repository, and his purpose was fortunately thus 
carried out. The papers have recently been bound, and now form 
twelve volumes in folio and eleven in quarto, with a few papers 
still in bundles 2 . A large number of letters from many among the 
sufferers and their representatives are here preserved ; but, un- 
fortunately, Walker's own handwriting is often hard to decipher. 
Many pamphlets which belonged to him (identified by the peculiar 
handwriting in MS. notes) are amongst a vast series recently 
bound and placed in continuation of the Godwyn Tracts ; and 
several volumes of pamphlets written by Dissenters were given by 
himself in the years 1719-21. 

1 His successor in his Exeter prebend was appointed in that year. 

2 The present writer, in answer to an enquiry in Notes and Queries in 1862 (3rd 
series, i. 218), said that these papers were amongst the Raivlinson MSS. This mistake 
arose from the fact that the least important portion had recently been found in a 
mass of papers belonging to that collection, but they did not at any time themselves 
form part of it. 



168 ANNALS OF THE 1754- 

The name of Hogarth occurs in the list of donors, as presenting 
his two engravings of the Analysis of Beauty, which he had pub- 
lished in the preceding year. 

A.D. 1755. 

This year is remarkable for the number and variety of the 
collections with which, during its course, the Library was enriched, 
comprehending those of Rawlinson, Furney, St. Amand, and Ballard. 

On April 6 died Richard Rawlinson, D.C.L., a Bishop among 
the Non-jurors, notwithstanding that he passed in the world as a 
layman. From the time of Bodley, Laud, and Selden, he was the 
greatest benefactor the Library had known ; and his only rivals 
since his own day have been Gough and Douce. In point of 
numbers, his donation of MSS. far exceeded all. From the short 
autobiographical notice of himself, given in his own collections for 
a continuation of the Athena Oxon. (where he has inserted a small 
portrait of himself, engraved, without his name, by Van der Gucht), 
we learn the following particulars. He was born Jan. 3, i6f$, in 
the Old Bailey, his father being Sir Thos. Rawlinson, who was 
Lord Mayor of London in 1706. On March 9, 1704 (having 
been previously at St. Paul's School and Eton), he was ma- 
triculated as a commoner of St. John's College ; but in consequence 
of the death of his father in the same year, he became a gentleman- 
commoner in 1709; B.A., Oct. 10, 171 1 1 ; M. A., July 5, 1713; 
Governor of Bridewell and Bethlehem Hospitals, 1713; F.R.S., 
1714; ordained (among the Non-jurors) Deacon, Sept. 2 1 , and 
Priest, Sept. 23, i7i6 2 . He then travelled through the whole of 
England, except some of the northern parts, and in 1719 went 

1 This date is from the Register of Graduates ; Rawlinson says, Mich. Term, J 7 10. 

2 By Bishop Jeremy Collier, in Mr. Laurence's Chapel on College Hill, London. (See 
a communication from the present writer in Notes and Queries, yd series, iii. 244.) 
He appears to have endeavoured to conceal from the world his clerical character. 
In a letter to T. Rawlins, of Pophills, Warw. in 1736, he requests him not to 
address him as Rev. (Ballard's MSS. ii. 6.) Some volumes of Sermons in his hand- 



-1755 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 169 

into Normandy, where, while staying at Rouen, he received 
from Oxford the degree of D.C.L. by diploma of June 30. 
Thence he went to the Low Countries, where, in Sept., he was 
admitted into the Universities of both Utrecht and Leyden, and 
returned into England in Nov. On June 1 2 in the following year, 
he started on a longer journey, which he extended through 
Holland, France, Germany, the whole of Italy, and Sicily, to 
Malta; and returned on the death of his elder brother Thomas, 
also a well-known book-collector, in 1726. During his six years' 
travels, he had seen, he remarks, four Popes '. Admitted F.S.A. 
May 10, 1727. On March 25, 1728, he was consecrated Bishop, by 
Bishops Gandy, Doughty, and Blackbourne, in Gandy's Chapel 2 . 
Appointed a Governor of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in March, 
1733. He resided at London House, Aldersgate, so called from 
having been in early days a mansion of the Bishops of London. 
During his lifetime he was a constant benefactor to the Library ; 
in the years 1733-4-5-7-8-9 and 1750, he is entered in the great 
Register for special gifts of coins, books, and pictures. Some 
hundreds of printed books, now in the gallery called '_/ur.,' and 
elsewhere, were given by him at these times ; while many of the 
Holbeins and other valuable portraits in the Picture Gallery came 
from him 3 . A few MSS. also came from him during his lifetime 
which are now placed in the general Bodley collection. But at his 

writing are among his MSS. His writing is of a very broad, rude, and clumsy 
character ; and it is singular that his brother Thomas wrote a hand very similar. 
Richard usually signs only with his initials, separated by a cross, ' R + R.' 

1 The small note-books kept on his journeys, containing epitaphs, inscriptions, 
accounts of places visited, &c, are preserved (but, unfortunately, in an imperfect 
series) among his Miscellaneous MSS. 2 See Notes ami Queries, yd series, i. 225. 

3 Two beautiful miniature portraits of James Edward, son of James II, and his 
wife Clementina Sobieski, which could not, probably, at the time be safely exhibited, 
have recently been exhumed by the Librarian from the obscurity to which they had 
been consigned, and are now hung in the Picture Gallery. In Feb. 17$$, Rawlinson 
sent Kelly's ' Holy Table,' a marble slab, covered with astrological figures (engraved 
in Dr. Dee's Actions with Spirits), which, he says, had been snbM-ijui ntly in the 
possession of Lilly. It is now in the Ashmolean Museum. 



170 ANNALS OF THE 1755 

death all his collections came en masse'*; collections formed abroad 
and at home, the choice of book-auctions, the pickings of chandlers' 
and grocers' waste-paper, everything, especially, in the shape of a 
MS., from early copies of Classics and Fathers to the well-nigh 
most recent log-books of sailors' voyages 2 . Not a sale of MSS. 
occurred, apparently, in London, during his time, at which he was 
not an omnigenous purchaser ; so that students of every subject 
now bury themselves in his stores with great content and profit. 
But history in all its branches, heraldry and genealogy, biography 
and topography, are his specially strong points. The printed 
books bequeathed by him in selection from his whole library (of 
which those in quarto and smaller sizes are still called by his 
name) amounted to between 1800 and ipoo 3 , but the MSS. to 

1 By the terms of his will, dated June 2, 1752, and printed in 1755, he be- 
queathed all his MSS. of every kind (excepting private papers and letters) to the 
Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University, to be placed in the Bodleian 
Library, or in such other place as they should deem most proper, for the use and benefit 
of the University, and of all other persons, properly and with leave resorting thereto 
with a view to the public good ; and to be kept separate and apart from every other 
collection. With these he gave also all his books printed on vellum or silk (of 
which latter kind there are two or three small specimens), all his deeds and charters, 
and all his printed books containing any MSS. notes, together with various anti- 
quities and miscellaneous curiosities. His MS. and printed music he bequeathed to 
the Music School. Of the Musical library preserved in this room, a MS. Catalogue 
was made a few years ago by Rev. Robert Hake, M.A., then Chaplain of New 
College, now Precentor of Canterbury. 

2 Apropos of log-books, it may be mentioned that whereas it appears from the 
eighth Report of the Deputy-Keeper of the Records, p. 26, 1847, that the earliest 
log among the Admiralty Records is of the year 1673, there are several of about the 
same date and a little earlier to be found in Rawlinson's collection. 

3 Among the printed books are two copies of Archbp. Parker's rare De Antiq. 
Eccl. Brit., 1572. One of these is the identical copy described by Strype in 
his Life of Parker, and which was then in the possession of Bp. Fleetwood of 
Ely ; the other (which was given to the Lil rary by Jos. Sanford, B.D., Balliol 
Coll., in 1753) was presented to Rich. Cosin by John Parker, the Archbishop's 
eldest son, Jan. 5, 1593. Owen, the Librarian, notes on the cover that Dr. Raw- 
linson tells him this copy was bought at the sale of the library of his brother, 
Thos. Rawlinson, by the Earl of Oxford, for 40. A collection of the original broad- 
sides proclamations issued during the whole of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, in 
beautiful condition, forms a remarkable and splendid volume ; the collection is 



1755 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 171 

upwards of 4800, besides a large number of old charters and 
miscellaneous unsorted deeds. 

The staff of the Library being very small at the time, as well as 
ill-paid 1 , and such an accession being completely overwhelming, 
the officers appear to have contented themselves with duly entering 

complete, except that a few proclamations, of which printed copies are wanting, are 
supplied in MS. As far as the year 1577 they are printed by Richard Jugge, some- 
times alone and sometimes in conjunction with John Cawood ; thenceforward they 
are printed by the two Barkers, first by Christopher, and afterwards by Robert. 
They appear to have been collected in the reign of James I. A printed chronological 
table of contents is prefixed, together with a portrait of the Queen, engraved by Fr. 
Delaram, with six lines of verse by 'Jo. Davies, Heref.' At the year 1559 a ' ea ^ ' s 
inserted containing the arms of Q^ Mary of Scotland quartering those of England 
(the assumption of which by Mary gave irreconcileable offence to Q^ Eliz.), beautifully 
painted, with the note, ' Sent out of Fraunce, in July, 1559," an ^ these lines below : 
' The armes of Marie Queene Dolphines of ffraunce, 

The nobillest Lady in earth for till aduaunce : 

Off Scotland queene, and of Ingland also, 

Off Ireland als, God haith providit so." 

This leaf is one of two copies executed for Cecil and Q. Eliz. Two, pro- 
bably unique, 'red-letter' books are also among the rarities of Rawlinson's printed 
collection. The one is a Sermon on Ps. iv. 7, preached before Charles I at Oxford 
by Josias Howe, B.D., of Trinity College. It is printed entirely in red, and has 
no title. It was bought, included in a volume of miscellaneous sermons, out of 
Dr. Charlett's library, by Hearne, who says in a MS. note that only thirty copies 
were printed. A description of it is given by Dr. Bliss in his Reliquia Hearn. 
vol. ii. pp. 960-!, where Hearne's note is printed in full. The other is a volume 
entitled, The Bloody Court ; or, the Fatal Tribunal, being an account of the trial and 
execution of Charles I. The lengthy title is printed by Dr. Bliss, ubi supra. Some 
few of Rawlinson's printed books came to the Library among Cough's, in 1809. 

1 The salaries being miserably insufficient, the recognised duties of the officers 
appear to have been simply the cataloguing the few books that were received in 
ordinary course, and attending upon the readers. Consequently for any other work, 
for arranging or cataloguing any new collections, &c, special payments were always 
made. A somewhat amusing instance of this occurs under the year 1722, when the 
Librarian craved payment for making with his own hand certain new hand-lists, &c, 
but was refused. However, he carried on his claim from year to year until it was 
admitted to the amount of 5 155. 6d. in 1725. And as the funds were insufficient 
to defray in this way the extra cost of cataloguing such a collection as Rawlinson's, 
hence, doubtless, came the neglect which it experienced. Such work was so clearly 
understood to form no part of the Librarians' regular duties, that Rawlinsou says, in 
a letter to Owen, Apr. 15, 1751 (MS. C. 989), ' I think large benefactors should pay 
the expense of entries into the Bodleian, as their books arc useless till so entered.' 



172 ANNALS OF THE 1755 

the printed books, while leaving the MSS. entirely neglected. 
About the beginning of the present century some steps were 
taken towards a Catalogue, and a portion were arranged and 
numbered ; still later, considerably more was done. But it was 
only on the accession of the present Librarian to the Headship, 
that the full extent of Rawlinson's collections was ascertained. 
Every corner of the Library was then thoroughly examined, and 
cupboard after cupboard was found filled with MSS. and papers 
huddled together in confusion, while, last not least, a dark hole 
under a staircase, explored by the present writer on hands and 
knees, afforded a rich ' take,' including many writings of Rawlin- 
son's Non-juring friends. The whole number of volumes thus 
brought to light amounted to about 1300. 

The classes into which the whole collection of MSS. is now 
divided are the following : 

i. Class A : 500 volumes, chiefly of English history, with a feu- 
theological books. Amongst these are the Thurloe State Papers, 
in sixty-seven volumes, of which all of importance were published 
by Birch, in seven vols. folio, in 1742. These papers were found 
after the Revolution concealed in the ceiling of garrets in Lincoln's 
Inn, which belonged to the rooms formerly occupied by Thurloe ; 
and they still bear too evident marks of the damp to which they 
were there exposed. They passed through Lord Somers' and 
Sir Jos. Jekyll's hands into those of a bookseller, Fletcher Gyles, 
from whom Rawlinson obtained them in 1751, and who, as 
Rawlinson says, asked at first an 'immoderate price' for them. 
Another series is that of Miscellaneous Papers of Sam. Pepys, in 
twenty-five volumes, containing his correspondence, collections on 
Admiralty business, &C. 1 These, together with many other 

1 It was chiqfly from these that the two volumes published in 1841 under the title 
of Life, Journals, and Correspondence of S. Pepys were compiled. Unfortunately 
the editor, or his copyist, appears to have been sometimes unable to read the MSS., 
and at other times very careless ; his book therefore abounds with errors. The 



i 7 55 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 173 

volumes which belonged to Pepys (including many curious dock- 
yard account-books of the times of Henry VIII and Queen Eliza- 
beth) were ' redeemed from thus et odores vendentibus^ ' Of another 
acquisition Rawlinson writes thus : 

' There was lately an auction here of Mr. Bridgeman's books, 
curiosities, and MSS., who was formerly clerk of the Council to 
K. James II, and register to the Ecclesiastical Commission. 
Here I laid out some pence, and picked up some curiosities ; the 
original minute-book of the High Commission, the proceedings 
every session with the names of those present, by which it appears 
that Bp. Sprat was not so innocent as he would persuade us in 
his letter to the Earl of Dorset to think, and that notwithstanding 
all his shiftings he sat to the penultim. Session of that Court;' 
[Letters canvassing the nobility, gentry, justices of the peace, &c, 
in favour of the repeal of the Test ;] ' 3 letters from the D. of 
Monmouth, two to the King and one to the Queen, desiring an 
audience in which he would give them such satisfaction, .... 
very pathetic, and deserved at least some attention 2 ; . . . 
several volumes of treaties, . . instructions to ambassadors. 
Very remarkable are those to Lord Castlemain on his going to 
Rome, the King's two letters to the Pope, a third of revocation, 
all personal and complement, but no embassy of obedience. 
Copy-books of letters, private and public, wrote by K. Charles and 
K. James II, from which might be collected such a fund of true 

following is one of the worst, as it libels the memory of a statesman who deserved 
better treatment : Sir R. Southwell is represented as saying in a letter to Pepys 
(vol. i. p. 282) that he has lost his health ' by sitting many years at the sac-bottle,' 
whereas the poor man had lost it by sitting many years ' at the inck-bottle.' A line 
or two farther on, Southwell's occupation with ' some care and much sorrow,' is 
changed into ' love, care and much sorrow.' Certain ' Novelles,' or newspapers, which 
Mr. Hill sends to Pepys are explained (vol. ii. p. 135) to have been the Novellas of 
Justinian ! Throughout the book proper names are frequently made to become any- 
thing but proper to their owners. 

1 Letter from Rawlinson to T. Rawlins, Jan. 25, 17$%; Ballard MS. ii. 115. 

3 The same volume (now A. I39 h ) also contains Monmouth's acknowledgment, 
written and signed by himself on the day of his execution, that Charles II had 
declared that he was never married to his mother; witnessed by Bishops Turner and 
Ken, together with Tenison and Hooper. This is now exhibited in the glass case at 
the entrance to the Library. 



174 ANNALS OF THE 1755 

tho' secret history, that the prize is not to be valued 1 , and will, I 
hope, be a standing monument of great events, and preserved in 
Bodley's repository, with the papers of Bp. Turner and other great 
men at and since the year i688 2 .' 

There are also some papers in this class and in Class C which 
belonged to Archbp. Wake, about which Rawlinson writes, on June 
24, i74i 3 : 

' My agent last week met with some papers of Archbp. Wake at 
a chandler's shop ; this is unpardonable in his executors, as all his 
MSS. were left to Christ Church. But qusere whether these did 
not fall into some servant's hands who was ordered to burn them, 
and Mr. Martin Folkes ought to have seen that done. They fell 
into the curate's hands of St. George, Bloomsbury.' 

2. Class B numbers 520 volumes nominally, but really, including 
double numbers, 534. They comprise heraldry and genealogy 
(including MSS. of Sir Richard and Sir Thos. St. George, 
W. Wyrley, Guillim, Ryley, Glover, Le Neve, and other heralds) 
English and Irish history, and topography, including several mo- 
nastic chartularies. Among the genealogical MSS. is a remarkable 
collection of pedigrees, in twelve volumes, which the present writer 
ascertained to have been compiled by Thomas Wilkinson, Vicar of 
Laurence Waltham, Berks, between about 1647 an< 3 1681. They are 
arranged alphabetically, as far as the letter P in tolerable order 
and regularity, but thenceforward only in a rough and incomplete 
state. Unfortunately the handwriting is far from clear, and the 
ink has often made it worse. Among the volumes relating to 
Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, &c, are twelve or thirteen which belonged 
to William Holman, a voluminous collector for the first-mentioned 
county, who incorporated the gatherings of Rev. John Ousley 
and Thos. Jekyll. Morant, the historian of Essex, obtained the 

1 In his delight at his new purchase, Rawlinson seems to have exaggerated the 
interest of these volumes. 

2 Letter to T. Rawlins, Feb. 24. 174! : Ballard MS. ii. 78. 

3 To the same ; Ibid. 59. 



i 7 55 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 175 

larger portion of Holman's books; some are in the British 
Museum ; and the remainder (' the refuse/ says Morant) were 
bought by Rawlinson in 1752 for 10'. Besides the above- 
mentioned volumes, there are a large number of Holman's MSS. 
which are kept distinct, and which have been recently bound 
in fourteen folio volumes, eleven quarto, and five octavo. Under 
London are some nineteen or twenty volumes of Diocesan papers 
which belonged to Bp. John Robinson. They formed (with one 
volume in Class A and several in Class C) a mass which are de- 
scribed by Rawlinson, as follows 2 : 

1 1 lately rescued from the grocers, chandlers, &c. a parcel of 
papers once the property of Compton and Robinson, successively 
Bps. of London. Amongst those of the first were original sub- 
scription and visitation books, letters and conferences during the 
apprehensions of Popery amongst the clergy of this diocese, re- 
markable intelligences relating to Burnet and the Orange Court in 
Holland in those extraordinary times before i688 3 , minutes of the 
proceedings of the Commissioners for the Propagation of the 
Gospel, and a great variety of other papers. Amongst those of 
Bp. Robinson, numbers of originals relating to the transactions at 
the treaty of Utrecht, copies of his own letters to Lord Boling- 
broke, and originals from Lord Bolingbroke, Lord Oxford, Elec- 
tress and Elector of Hanover, Ormonde, Strafford, Prior, &c.; 
letters from the Scots deprived Bishops to Compton, and variety of 
State papers. They belonged to one Mr. [Anth.] Gibbon, lately dead, 
who was private secretary to both the afore-mentioned prelates.' 

Under Bucks are Rawlinson's own collections for a history of 
Eton College, and under Middlesex and Oxon. his parochial col- 
lections for those counties. The Irish MSS. include many of 
great antiquity and value which formerly belonged to Sir James 
Ware, e.g. Tigernach's Annals, Annals of Ulster, Lives of Saints, 

1 Gough, Brit. Topogr. i. 370, .^45. 
* Letter, June 24, 1741 ; Ballard MS. ii. 59. 

3 Including some letters from Ken while Chaplain to Princess Mary. These papers 
of Compton are iii class C. 



176 ANNALS OF THE 17 55 

Dublin Chartularies, Arms of Irish families, Irish poems, &c. 
Among them is the often noticed Life of St. Columba by Magnus 
O'Donnell, written in 1532, which was bought by Rawlinson at 
the Chandos sale for twenty-three shillings. 

Of these two classes a Catalogue, in one volume quarto, was 
printed in 1862, which was compiled by the writer of this volume 1 . 
A full index to the contents of all the MSS. has been made, which 
remains at present unprinted, but may possibly at some time appear 
in conjunction with a volume describing the contents of the suc- 
ceeding class. 

3. Class C comprehends 989 MSS. of very miscellaneous cha- 
racter, but chiefly consisting of law, history and theology, with 
a few medical works. Among the theological portion are papers 
of John Dury, the zealous labourer for union amongst Protestants 
in the time of Charles I, papers of Bedell and Usher, some 
volumes of John Lewis of Margate 2 , and some interesting Service- 
books of English use, including a Pontifical given to Salisbury 
Cathedral by Bp. Roger de Martivale between 1315-1329, and 
an early Oseney book. Several volumes consist of papers of 
Dr. Chamberlaine (author of Notilia Anglice) and Mr. Henry 
Newman, secretaries of the Societies for the Propagation of the 
Gospel, and Promoting Christian Knowledge, which, Rawlinson 
mentions in a letter, dated April 28, 1744, (Ballard MS. ii.) that 
he had then recently purchased. Some seventeen or eighteen 
volumes came from the library of Bp. Turner of Ely (together 
with others in the classes called Miscellaneous and Letters), con- 
taining papers of himself and his brother, Dr. Thomas Turner, 
Dean of Canterbury. These were obtained by Rawlinson in 1742, 
who in them became master, as he says, of a considerable treasure 

1 For the description of the contents of three of the Irish volumes, the author was 
indebted to an experienced Irish scholar, Standish Hayes O'Grady, Esq. 

" A volume of collections by him relating to the early versions of the Bible was 
bought in 1858 for five guineas. 



i?55 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



177 



for ten guineas 1 .' Early English poets are represented by Lydgate, 
Rolle of Hampole, William of Nassyngton, and others 2 ; and one 
volume contains a few Welsh verses. A catalogue exists in MS. 
The volumes relating to English history in classes A and C are 
noticed in the return printed in the Record Commission Report 
for 1800, pp. 348-353. 

4. The class entitled Miscellaneous numbers about 1400 volumes, 
and includes the greater part of those which were discovered in 
1 86 1. They are so entirely miscellaneous that it is impossible 
to give in a few lines a real idea of their nature. History, travels, 
biography, and religious controversy largely prevail. There are 
papers of Sir Thos. Browne, Dr. Dee, Maittaire, Peter Le Neve, 
Ashmole 3 , John Dunton, and Bagford, with a very large mass of 
Hearniana. Of the Non-jurors, there are papers of Grascome, 
Gandy, Spinckes, Hickes, Fitzwilliams, Howell, and Dean Gran- 
ville. Some nine or ten volumes are occupied with the accounts 
of the Royal Surveyor of Works from 1532 to 1545. The Church- 
wardens' accounts of Sutterton, Lincolnshire, from 1493 to 1536, 
and of St. Peter's, Cornhill, from 1664 to 1689, are also found here*. 
There is a large series of Italian MSS. (amongst other foreign 
books, chiefly French) which bear on English history, as con- 
taining copies of reports made to Rome by Papal agents and to 
Venice by ambassadors, together with the proceedings at many 
conclaves. These were bought by Rawlinson at Sir Jos. Jekyll's 
sale of the Somers' MSS. in 1739, for 3 15^ There is also a 

1 Ballard MS. ii. 87. 

One curious volume is described by Sir F. Madden in his preface to Syr 
Gawayne, printed by the Roxburghe Club in 1839. 

3 With relation to these Rawlinson says, in a letter dated Feb. 25, 1736-7, that he 
had bought, about two years since, some of Ashmole's papers from his heirs, in- 
cluding some of Dugdale's (Ballard MS. ii. 1 1). 

4 For Parish Registers, see under 1821. 

8 Two MS. volumes of the Relations of Venetian Residents in various countries 
were given to the Library by Will. Gent, in 1600, and Sir Rich. Spencer, in 1603. 

N 



1 78 ANNALS OF THE i?55 

mass of papers of J. J. Zamboni, Venetian Resident in England, 
and a friend of Maittaire. A considerable number of autograph 
signatures, barbarously cut out from various books, by Thomas 
Rawlinson, were found in loose papers; these have now been 
mounted and bound in two volumes. There are not, however, 
many of interest among them, except several of Ben Jonson. 

5. In Letters there are upwards of 100 volumes, comprising all 
the multifarious correspondence of Hearne with Anstis, Bagford, 
Baker, Barnes, Dodwell, Smith, &c, the correspondence of Rawlin- 
son, Dr. Thomas Turner, and Bishop Francis Turner, Philip Lord 
Wharton, and Sir Edm. Warcupp. One volume contains a few 
letters by Dryden, Pope, Edw. Young, &c. There is also a series 
of letters in three vols. relating to Dr. John Polyander, of Kerck- 
hoven, Professor of Divinity at Leyden, and eight or nine volumes 
of Vossius' correspondence, being the originals from which the 
folio volume published at London in 1691 was printed. 

6. The class of Poetry contains 221 volumes, including Chaucer, 
Hoccleve, Lydgate, Capgrave (Life of St. Catherine), and Rolle of 
Hampole, with Piers Plowman and the Romance of Parthenope 
of Blois (both imperfect). The majority are miscellaneous poems 
and plays of the seventeenth century. One volume, containing 
the words of anthems with the composers' names, is supposed 
to be the Chapel-book used by Charles I. 

Of the three last-mentioned classes, a brief MS. list was drawn 
up with great neatness and accuracy by Dr. Bliss, in 1812 (reaching 
in the case of the Miscell. only as far as No. 407); an index, in 
continuation, to all the later additions is now in process of 
formation. 

7. Of Sermons there are about 200 volumes; many of which 
are by Non-jurors, including three by Rawlinson himself. Ten 
volumes are by Dan. Price, Dean of St. Asaph, 1696-1706; 
and one volume is said to contain unpublished sermons by 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 179 

Leighton, apparently from notes taken by some auditor at the 
time of delivery. These have been copied for publication in a 
proposed new edition (under the care of Rev. W. West, of Nairn, 
N.B.) of Leighton's whole works. 

8. A selection of Biblical and Classical MSS., with a few others, 
amounting to 199, are placed in the case marked 'Auctarium,' G. 
Amongst these are a few Greek volumes, with critical Adversaria 
of Maittaire, Josh. Lasher, and J. G. Grsevius. Early copies of 
Statius, Ovid, Virgil, &c. form part of the classics ; while among 
the Biblical MSS. is a grand eighth-century copy (written in 
rounded minuscules, in the same style as the Rushworth book) of 
the Gospels of St. Luke and St. John, and a beautiful eleventh- 
century Psalter with the commentary of St. Bruno. One other 
fine book is a Psalter written for Ch. Ch. Cathedral, Dublin, by 
the care of Stephen Derby, Prior, about A.D. 1360-80, with 
remarkable miniatures illustrating Psalms xxxix, liii, Ixix, Ixxxi, 
and xcviii. 

9. Of Missals, Horce, and other Service-books, there are (besides 
those which are scattered in Classes C and G Auct.) about 130. 
These (most of which are of French origin, bought out of the 
library of Nic. Jos. Foucault 1 , of Flemish, or of Italian) are now 
incorporated with a large collection of Liturgical books, which 
are called Canon. Liturg., from their having formed part of the 
Canonici collection purchased in 1818. 

10. A small collection of Statutes, comprising sixty-five volumes, 
is kept distinct. They consist of the Statutes of various Colleges 
at Oxford and Cambridge, of the Cathedrals of Lichfield, Here- 
ford, Worcester, Chester, Manchester, Canterbury, Exeter, and 
the Abbey of Westminster ; of the Order of the Garter (various 



1 From this library Rawlinson also obtained some French editions of the 
printed on vellum. 

N 2 



i8o ANNALS OF THE i?55 

copies) ; of Hospitals at Croydon, Chipping-Barnet, and Chi- 
chester ; of the Gresham Charities, together with the Charters of 
London and Bristol ; Statutes .made by the Chapter of Paris for 
the Church of the Holy Sepulchre there in 142 1, and an eighteenth- 
century transcript of the Statutes of the College at Bayeux. But 
the volume of most interest in this class is the rare printed volume 
of the Statutes of Thame School, issued in 1575. Of this, only 
five other copies are known, one kept at the School itself, a second 
in the custody of the Warden of New College (the Visitor of the 
School), a third in the Royal Library, Brit. Mus., and the fourth 
and fifth, both on vellum, in the possession of the Earl of Abing- 
don and in the Grenville Library, Brit. Mus. Rawlinson's copy, 
which wants the title, has in it the book-plate of John, Duke of 
Newcastle. 

1 1. Of the MSS. of Dr. Thomas Smith, the Non-juror, of Magd. 
Coll., Oxford, there are 139 volumes, which (with the exception 
of a few bequeathed by Smith himself) came into Rawlinson's 
hands together with the rest of Hearne's collections. They are 
noticed above, under the year 1735. 

12. Besides the multitude of books, scattered throughout every 
class of Rawlinson's library, which belonged to Hearne or were 
written by him, there are about 150 small duodecimo volumes of 
Hearne's daily diary and note-books, commencing in July, 1705, 
and ending on June 4, 1735, the last actual entry being on June i, 
and his decease occurring on June TO. The character of this diary 
is well known from the two volumes of Extracts published by 
Dr. Bliss in 1857, with the title, Reliquia Hearniance. But it must 
not be supposed that these volumes comprehend all that deserves 
publication ; the diary throughout is full of like curious personal 
history and anecdote, antiquarian gleanings and amusing gossip, 
mixed, of course, with a good deal of occasional acrimony against 
those with whom Hearne came in collision either from differences 



1755 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 181 

in academic or literary matters, or from their being friends of 
the ' Elector of Hanover.' There is scarcely a subject falling 
within its writer's scope of observation on which this Diary may 
not be consulted; and as it is written in his usual plain and neat 
hand, with an index to each volume, it is fortunately easy for 
reference. Hearne bequeathed all his MSS., and books with 
MSS. notes, to Mr. William Bedford, son of the well-known 
bishop among the Non-jurors, Hilkiah Bedford ; the legatee died 
on July n, 1747, and Rawlinson bought them of his widow 
for 105. Hence it was that they came finally to the place 
where Hearne would himself have rejoiced to see them deposited. 
The autobiographical sketch of Hearne's own life, which Hud- 
desford published in 1772, in conjunction with the lives of 
Leland and Wood, is preserved among the Miscellaneous MSS. 
Of this Rawlinson says, in a letter dated June 19, I74O 1 : ' Tom's 
own life was so low and poor a performance that I recom- 
mended it to Bedford to burn.' On account, probably, of the 
numerous reflections which the Diary contained on living persons, 
Rawlinson ordered in his bequest that it should not be open to 
inspection until after the lapse of seven years. He laid also the 
same restraint upon the use of his own papers noticed in the 
next paragraph. 

13. Large collections were made by Rawlinson for a con- 
tinuation of Wood's Athena Oxon. These contain much valuable 
biographical information, derived in very many cases from the 
actual information of the persons noticed, letters from many of 
whom are inserted. There are, in all, twenty-five volumes, folio 
and quarto ; among the folios there are two series of notices 
arranged alphabetically, and one volume (also alphabetical) of 
notices of Cambridge men admitted ad eundem ; the quartos 
contain 1331 notices, numbered but not arranged in any other 

1 Ballard MS. ii. 41. 



1 8.2 ANNALS OF THE 1755 

order, with one general alphabetical index. These collections, 
together with Hearne's Diaries, and Rawlinson's Non-jurors' 
Papers, and notes of his own Travels, were included in a fourth 
and last codicil, dated Feb. 14, 1755, which directed that all these 
papers should be kept locked up during a period of seven years. 
By the same codicil also were conveyed numerous engravings 
by Vertue, portraits of Englishmen, some paintings, and a collec- 
tion of Roman, Persian, Italian, and English medals 1 . Some of 
the Italian medals, particularly a fine set in copper of the members 
of the House of Medici, are now exhibited in a case in the Picture 
Gallery 2 . By a codicil of June 17, 1752, Rawlinson had previously 
bequeathed a series of medals of Popes, of which he remarks, ' as 
they are, I take them to be one of the most complete collections 
now in Europe ;' together with twenty shillings per annum for 
enlarging and continuing the set 3 . 

14. Finally (as regards MSS.), Rawlinson left a mass of ancient 
charters, five hundred of which were catalogued by Mr. Coxe 
some years ago, and of vellum deeds and documents of all kinds, 
chiefly of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He left, also, 
all the copper-plates containing engravings of some of his ancient 
documents and other curiosities, as well as a large number of im- 
pressions from these plates. Many of these impressions were sold 
at the sale of Bodleian duplicates in 1862. The copper-plates 
were added to his bequest by a second codicil, dated July 25, 1754, 
in which he desired that impressions should be taken from them, 
to be sold in one volume for the use and benefit of the University. 

1 The clock, still in use in the Library, made by Robinson in Gracechurch 
Street, was one of the items comprised in this codicil, where it is described as a 
' table clock,' then in the custody of Mr. John King, a bookseller, in Moorfields. 

2 These were bought, 'very cheap," at Mrs. Kennon's sale, Feb. 24, 1755, by a 
dealer named Angel Carmey, who sold them to Rawlinson for .10 los. Carmey's 
letter conveying his offer of sale is preserved in Rawlinson's copy of the sale catalogue. 

3 It does not appear, however, that this sum was ever paid. 



1755 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 183 

A last item in Rawlinson's miscellaneous gifts (besides various 
bas-reliefs, figures, a Jewish vessel, Muscovite cup, &c.) was a 
large collection of matrices of ancient conventual and personal 
seals, chiefly foreign ; together with impressions of seals, ancient 
and modern, in metal and wax, ' most of which,' it is said in the 
Will (p. 4), ' were of the collection of Mr. Charles Christian, the 
celebrated seal engraver.' The wax impressions are now exhibited 
in the Picture Gallery. 

Distinct from Rawlinson's other printed books is a curious 
series of Almanacs, in 175 volumes, extending from 1607 to 
1747, which were sent to the Library in 1752. Some volumes in 
continuation, from 1747 to 1768, were given by Sir Rob. H. Inglis, 
Bart., in I846 1 . Another series, between 1571 and 1663, is in the 
Ashmole collection. 

By his second codicil, of July 25, 1754, Rawlinson bequeathed 
a fee-farm rent of 4 per annum to the Under-librarian, in con- 
sideration of his taking charge of the MSS., but clogged with 
the strange conditions that he should not be a doctor in any 
faculty, married, or in Holy Orders 2 . The receipt of this sum is 
entered in the Accounts for 1756, but in no subsequent year. 

The following is an alphabetical list of the principal libraries 

1 A curious, and probably unique, little ' Almanacke for XII yere, after the latytude 
of Oxenforde,' printed in 48 (measuring two and a-half inches by one and three- 
quarters), by Wynkyn de Worde, 'in the fletestrete,' in 1508, was presented by 
David Laing, LL.D., the eminent Librarian to the Writers to the Signet, Edinburgh, 
in 1842. The Library also possesses two copies of a sheet Almanack, by Simon 
Heuringius, for 1551, printed by John Turck, at London ; and other almanacs for 
1564, 1567, and 1569. A volume containing five almanacs for the year 1589 
was bought in 1857. 

a With the same perverse eccentricity he ordered that the recipients of his 
endowments for the Keepership of the Ashmolean Museum and the Professorship of 
Anglo-Saxon, should be unmarried (in the former case only M.A. or B.C.L.), not a 
native of Scotland, Ireland, or the Plantations, nor a son of such native, nor, in 
the case of the Museum, even educated in Scotland, and not a member of either the 
Royal Society or the Society of Antiquaries. 



i8 4 



ANNALS OF THE 



'755 



from which Rawlinson's MSS. were collected, with the dates (so 
far as ascertained) at which these libraries were dispersed : 



Acton (Oliver), of Bridewell 

Hosp. 

Bacon (Thos. Sclater), 1737. 
Bridgeman (Will. & Rich.), 1742. 
Chandos (Duke of), 1747. 
Clarendon (Henry, Earl of). 

Through Chandos. 
Clavell (Walter), 1742. 
Compton (Bishop). See p. 175. 
Foucault (Nic. Jos.), 'Comes 

Consistorianus 1 ,' 1721. 
Gale (Samuel), 1755. 
Graves (Rich.), of Mickleton. 

Through Hearne. 
Halifax (Montagu, Earl of), 



Hearne (Thomas), 1747. 
Holman (William). See p. 174. 
Jekyll (Sir Joseph), 1739. 
Le Neve (Peter), 1731. 
Maittaire (Mich.), 1748. 



Mead (Richard, M.D.), 1754-5. 

Murray (John), 1749. 

Oxford (Harley, Earl of), 1 743-5. 

Pepys (Samuel). See p. 172. 

Pole (Francis), 175-. 

Powle (Henry), in 1689 Speaker 

of House of Commons. 
Rawlinson (Thomas), 1734. 
Robinson (Bishop). See p. 1 7 5 . 
St. George (Sir Thomas). 
Somers (Lord). Through/^//. 
Spelman (Sir Henry). 
Spinckes (Rev. Nathan), 1727. 
Turner (Bishop). See p. 176. 
Usher (Archbishop). Through 

Hearne. 

Wake (Archbp.). See p. 174. 
Ware (Sir James). Through 

Clarendon and Chandos. 
Whiston (William). 



On July 15, a bequest of printed books and MSS. was received 
from Rev. Richard Furney, M.A., Archdeacon of Surrey (who had 
been schoolmaster at Gloucester, 1719-1724, and who died in 
'753.) by the hands of the Rev. John Noel, of Oriel College. The 
printed books (nineteen in all) consisted almost entirely of early 

Autobiographical memoirs by Foucault, extending to 1719, were published 
under the editorship of F. Baudry, 40. Paris, 1862, in the French Government series 
of Documents inedits sur FHistoire de France. The editor remarks in the preface 
(p. xli.), 'On ignore en quelles mains la bibliotheque de Foucault passa apres 
sa mort [1721]. Le P. Le Long nous apprend seulement qu'elle fut vendue, et 
probablement dispers^e.' 



1755 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 185 

editions of classics. The MSS. (six folio volumes) are thus 
described in a list made by the Librarian, Humphrey Owen, at 
the time of their receipt : 

' i, 2, 3 and 4 contain collections relating to the history and 
antiquities of the city, church and county of Gloucester. 5, 6, a 
fair copy, seemingly prepared for the press, of the history and 
antiquities of the said city, church and county, by the Arch-deacon 
himself, or some friend of his from whom these papers came into 
his hands.' 

The gift comprised also two ancient brass seals, and eighteen 
original deeds, amongst which is the original confirmation charter 
granted to Gloucester Abbey, by Burgred King of Mercia, in 862. 
This remarkable deed (which is not printed in Kemble's Codex) 
is in admirable preservation, is written in seventeen lines, with 
five lines containing seventeen signatures, and measures sixteen 
inches in width and ten and one-third in length. There are also 
original grants to the abbey from Hen. II and Stephen, and a 
confirmation, 29 Edw. I, of Magna Charta, which has a magnifi- 
cent impression of the beautiful great seal. The deeds are noticed 
in the Report on the Public Records for 1800, p. 354. 



By the death on Sept. 5, 1754, of James St. Amand, Esq. 1 
(formerly of Lincoln College), a bequest of books, MSS., coins, &c. 
which had been made by a will dated Nov. 9, 1749, accrued to 
the Library, being received in the year 1755. The books consist 
chiefly of the then modern editions of the classics, and of the 
writings of modern Latin scholars ; such of them as the Library 

1 A record of his birth and baptism is entered in a family register kept by his 
father on the fly-leaves of a splendid copy of the folio Prayer-Book of i6f>2. Ik- 
was the second son; born in Covent Garden, Apr. 7, 1687; bapt. Apr. 21, by 
Dr. Patrick, the sponsors being Major-Gen. Werden, Sir Peter Apsley and the 
Countess of Bath. Prince George of Denmark was one of the sponsors to his 
elder brother, George. He had also a sister, Martha. 



1 86 ANNALS OF THE 1755 

did not need, were to go to Lincoln College. The MSS., sixty- 
eight in number, comprise various papers relating to the history 
chiefly of the Low Countries 1 , together with notes and indices 
by St. Amand himself to Theocritus and other Greek poets, 
Horace, &c. They are described by Mr. Coxe, in vol. i. of the 
Catalogue of MSS., cols. 889-908. The main part of the residue 
of his property was bequeathed to Christ's Hospital, together with 
a picture of his grandfather James St. Amand, done in miniature 
and set in gold, with the singular proviso that the picture should 
be exhibited, and the part of the will relating to these bequests 
be read, at the first annual court of the Hospital, and also that the 
picture be shown annually to the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, if re- 
quired. Should a refusal to show the picture be persistently made, 
or any of the conditions of the will be avoided, then all the residue 
was to be given to the University, first to increase the stipend 
of the chief Librarian to 120 and of the second Librarian to 70, 
but only so long as both of them were unmarried, and then to 
be devoted to the purchasing of books and MSS., specially of 
classic authors. 

Many of his books have a book-plate, which the author has 
ascertained to be that of Dr. Arthur Charlett; being the initials 
A. C., interlaced with the same repeated in an inverse way, sur- 
rounded by piles of books, and with the motto, 'Animus si aequus, 
quod petis hie est.' 

By the bequest of George Ballard (the author of the Memoirs of 
Learned Ladies), who died on June 24, the Library became 
enriched with forty- four volumes of Letters, chiefly addressed, by 
ecclesiastical and literary personages of all ranks, to Dr. Arthur 

1 Amongst these is a large collection of MS. news-letters written from various 
places abroad about the years 1637-1642 ; one of these, containing particulars of 
movements of the Swedish and Imperialist armies, is printed, as a specimen, in Letters 
by Eminent Persons, 1813, vol. i. pp. 15-17. 



i?55 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 187 

Charlett, Master of University College, between the reigns of 
James II and George I. For the biographical and bibliographical 
history of the time these letters possess great interest and value ; it 
was from them that the Letters by Eminent Persons, published in 
1813, by Rev. John Walker, M.A., Fellow of New College, were 
chiefly drawn. No printed catalogue of them has yet appeared, 
but the Library possesses a MS. index to the contents of each 
volume, and a more complete and minute index has been re- 
cently commenced 1 . Besides the Letters, Ballard bequeathed some 
other MSS., in number twenty-three, among which is a volume 
of various voyages and expeditions, 1589-1634; Sir Edm. War- 
cupp's autograph account of the treaty in the Isle of Wight;- 
a dialogue between a tutor and his pupil, by Lord Herbert, of 
Cherbury ; the second book of the Supplication of Soules, by Sir 
Thos. More, a precious little volume of 103 closely-written duo- 
decimo pages, entirely in the handwriting of the great Chancellor ; 
the Universities Musterings, by Brian Twyne ; collections by Ant. 
a Wood; a small volume of Gloucestershire notes, supposed by 
Guillim ; and several volumes written by Mr. Elstob and his sister. 
An extract from Ballard's will, with a list of his MSS., is in the 
Register marked 'C.' 

Ballard was originally a stay-maker or mantua-maker at Campden, 
Gloucestershire ; but, following the study of antiquities with great 

1 References to many particulars relative to Thoresby, Bishop Gibson, White, 
Kennett and Hickes (with a few others) are given in J. Nichols' notes to the Letters 
ofArcbbp. Nicolson (2 vols. 1809), an interesting and varied biographical miscellany, 
but which is guilty of the capital crime of omitting an index. 

3 This ought, apparently, to have reached the Library much sooner, through the 
hands of Dr. Charlett; since it has the following inscription on the fly-leaf: 'Given 
by the Hon 1 ' 1 *- S". Edmund Warcup (being all writ w"' his own hand at y Isle of 
Wight at y Treaty) to the Public Library in Oxford, to be placed there when I 
thought fitting. 

'.\R. C'HAHLETT. 

'Univ. Coll. 
Nov. 25, 97.' 



1 88 ANNALS OF THE 1755- 

ardour, became well known and highly esteemed amongst all of 
like pursuits. At the age of forty-four he was appointed one of 
the eight clerks of Magdalen College, being matriculated Dec. 15, 
1750, but never took any degree. He bequeathed to the College 
Library some of his books which were there wanting. The fullest 
account of him will be found in vol. ii. of A Register of St. Mary 
Magd. College, by J. R. Bloxam, D.D., pp. 95-102, 1857. Some 
letters from him are printed in Nichols' Lit. Hist. iv. 206-226. 

The very valuable MS. of the letters of Gilbert Foliot, Bishop 
of London (which are of great importance for the illustration of 
the history of Thomas a Becket), now numbered E. Musceo 247, 
was given by Sir Thomas Cave, Bart. It is described in the 
Benefaction Book as ' liber rarissimus ; per totam Angliam unum 
hoc tantum modo exstat exemplar.' The letters were first printed 
by Dr. Giles, together with the Lives of Becket, in his series of 
Patres Ecclesice Anglicance, in 1845. 

A.D. 1756. 

Dr. Samuel Johnson presented the account of Zachariah 
Williams' attempt to ascertain the longitude at sea, which he had 
published under Williams' name in the preceding year; and, as 
Warton noted 1 , he entered it with his own hand in the Library 
Catalogue. The entry is still to be seen, with a memorandum of 
its being in Johnson's hand, in an interleaved, and now disused, 
copy of the Catalogue of 1738. 

A.D. 1759. 

Above forty Syriac, Greek and Arabic MSS. are recorded in 
the Registers to have been presented by Henry Dawkins, Esq., 

1 Boswell's Life of Johnson, edit. 1835, vol. ii. p. 54- 



-i 7 59 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 189 

of Standlynch, Wilts, who had collected them while travelling in 
the East with Robert Wood, whose works on Baalbec and Palmyra 
he presented at the same time. There are now sixty MSS. in 
Syriac alone which pass under the name of Dawkins, some of 
which are of great age and value. They are described in Dr. R. 
Payne Smith's Catalogue of the Syriac MSS. Mr. Dawkins died 
in London, June 19, 1814, aged eighty-six. 

Swedenborg's Arcana Ccelestia, published anonymously, in 8 vols. 
were sent 'by the author, unknown.' The same donor, still un- 
known, sent in 1766 Sdecti Dionys. Halicarn. tractatus. 

In this year and in 1761 published music began to be received 
from Stationers' Hall, and to be entered in the Register. It re- 
mained piled up in cupboards until about twenty- three years ago, 
when it was all disinterred and carefully arranged by Rev. H. E. 
Havergal, M.A., then Chaplain of New Coll. and Ch. Ch., and an 
assistant in the Library (now Vicar of Cople, Beds.), and bound 
in some 300 or 400 volumes. Since that time two further series 
of musical volumes have been arranged and bound. 

A meagre list of the pictures, &c, in the Picture Gallery and 
Library was printed by the Janitor (or Under-janitor), N. Bull, and 
'sold by him at the Picture Gallery.' It fills twelve duodecimo 
pages. A new edition, 'with additions and amendments,' including 
the pictures in the Ashmolean Museum, was issued by him in 
1762, in sixteen octavo pages. This was, as it seems, the first list 
that had been issued since Hearne printed his original Catalogue 
in his Letter containing an Account of some Antiquities between 
Windsor and Oxford. A list, equally meagre with Bull's, was 
published by W. Cowderoy, Janitor, in 1806. He was succeeded 

in office (before 1825) by Lenthall; on whom followed the 

present Janitor, J. Norris, appointed in 1835. By him a new 
Catalogue, enlarged with biographical notices, was issued, filling 
sixty pages; which was reissued, with a few alterations, in 1847, 



190 ANNALS OF THE 1759- 

when such of the pictures as were not portraits had been removed 
to the new Randolph Gallery. As all the portraits were a few 
years ago distinctly labelled, but few copies -of the Catalogue 
have, consequently, been since sold, and no new edition has 
appeared. 

A.D. 1760. 

The MSS. of the eminent antiquary, Browne Willis, who died 
on Feb. 5, in this year, came to the Library by his bequest. 
They were received from his executor, Dr. Eyre, on April 24. 
There are altogether fifty-nine volumes in folio, forty-eight in 
quarto, and five in octavo, consisting chiefly of Willis' own col- 
lections for his various works, with much correspondence inter- 
mingled and a few older historical papers. There is much of 
value for general ecclesiastical topography and biography, besides 
his large collections for the county of Bucks, and special volumes 
relating to the four Welsh Cathedrals. He desired in his will 
that the books should be placed in the Picture Gallery, 'next to 
those of my friend Bishop Tanner ;' both collections have since 
been removed to a room on the floor below, but the presses 
which contain them still adjoin each other. Many of his letters 
are to be found among Ballard's and Rawlinson's papers, and show 
throughout both the warm interest which he took in ecclesias- 
tical renovation and religious work generally, but particularly in 
the state of the Church in Wales, and the continual efforts which 
he made to rouse slothful and negligent dignitaries to a sense of 
their duties and responsibilities. The restoration of the ruined 
and desolate Cathedral at Llandaff was an object especially dear 
to him. By his will, which was dated Dec. 20, 1741, he be- 
queathed to the University, besides his MSS., all his numerous 
silver, brass, copper and pewter coins, and also his gold coins, 
if purchased at the rate of 4 per oz., as the best return he could 



-1762 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 191 

make for the many favours he acknowledged to have been con- 
ferred on him and on his grandfather, Dr. Thomas Willis, Pro- 
fessor of Natural Philosophy. This latter provision of his will 
was at once carried into execution; in the following year the 
University purchased one hundred and sixty-seven gold coins for 
150 at 4 4-r. per oz., and two more in 1743 for 8 5^. His 
other coins were given by him in the years 1739, 1740, 1741, 
1747 and 1750; and by a codicil to his will dated Feb. 5, 1742, 
he desired that the whole collection should be annually visited on 
the Feast of St. Frideswide (Oct. 19), which day he had himself 
been wont annually to celebrate in Oxford. His first gift to the 
Library was in the year 1720, when he gave ten valuable MSS., 
chiefly historical (now placed among the general Bodley Series), 
together with his grandfather's portrait. 

A bequest of 70, towards the purchase of an orrery, was 
received from Rev. Jos. Parsons, M.A., of Merton College. 



A.D. 1761. 

Kennicott's collations of Hebrew Biblical MSS., made during 
the years 1759-60, were received from him on Dec. 17, in this year, 
according to an entry in the Register. But all his MSS., colla- 
tions, correspondence, and miscellaneous books (including one 
in Zend, upon cloth), were subsequently deposited in the Radcliffe 
Library, whence they were removed, in 1862, together with the 
other contents of that collection, to the place of their present 
deposit, the New Museum. 

A.D. 1762. 

The west, or Selden, end of ihe Library was re-floored at a 
cost of 66. Unchaining of those books which hitherto, on 



i 9 2 ANNALS OF THE 1762- 

account of their accessibility to all comers, were fastened to their 
shelves, appears to have been commenced in this year. 

A.D. 1763. 

The Janitor, Rev. John Bilstone, M.A., was deprived of his 
office by Dr. Owen, the Librarian, on account of his neglecting 
to perform his duties in person. An action for arrears of salary 
was subsequently brought by Bilstone against Owen 1 . He died 
Feb. 13, 1767, at which time he held three livings, besides his 
Chaplaincy of All Souls' College. 

A.D. 1764. 

The Editio princeps of Homer, Florence, 1488, was bought 
for 6 6s. 

A.D. 1768. 

H. Owen, the Librarian, and Principal of Jesus College, died 
in March of this year, and was buried in his College Chapel. 
In his room was elected the Rev. John Price, B.D., of Jesus 
College, ' after a severe contest with Mr. Cleaver, of Brasenose, 
afterwards head of that College and Bishop of St. Asaph, who 
used to say that he was indebted to Mr. Price for his mitre, 
for had he obtained the Bodleian he should have there continued, 
instead of becoming tutor in a noble family, and so placed in 
the road to advancement. In this election the votes were equal, 
and Mr. Price, being senior, was nominated by the Vice-Chan- 
cellor 2 .' Price appears to have been employed in the Library 
as early as the year 1760, when a payment of ,8 8s. was made 
to him; in 1766 he signs, together with Owen and Thomas Parker, 
an account of books received from Stationers' Hall. 

1 ' See papers in Files, 1563 ; Archiv.' (MS. note in Dr. P. Bliss' Collectanea.) 

2 Note by Dr. Bliss in*the edition of Wood's Life published, in 1848, by the 
Eccl. Hist. Soc. p. 88. 



-'77 6 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. i 93 

A.D. 1770. 

The Library was largely enriched with books which were then 
modern, in which it appears to have been very deficient, by the 
legacy of the library of Rev. Charles Godwyn, M.A., Fellow 
of Balliol College. The collection, which is still in the main 
kept undivided (although a few folio and quarto volumes are 
placed in the general class marked Art.), consists chiefly of works 
in English and general history, civil and ecclesiastical, published 
in the eighteenth century, and includes besides the later Benedictine 
editions of the Fathers. There is also a series of theological 
and literary pamphlets ; to which have been added of late years 
upwards of 2400 volumes, of all dates and on all subjects, which 
are now all alike numbered, for convenience sake, in connection 
with Godwyn's own. The residue of his property, after payment 
of all claims and bequests, formed a further portion of his legacy ; 
and the interest upon 1050 which accrued from this source, still 
forms part of the annual income of the Library. 

A.D. 1771. 

A payment of 2 1 2s. 6d. was made in this year (or rather, 
at the close of 1770) to a glass-painter, named Brooks, for one of 
the coats of arms in the great east window. 

A.D. 1775. 

Twenty-four Oriental MSS. and bundles of papers which had been 
found in the study of Rev. Dr. Thos. Hunt, Reg. Prof, of Hebrew, 
who died in the preceding year, were given by various persons. 

A.D. 1776. 

Lord North, the Chancellor of the University, presented to the 
Library the observations made by Dr. James Bradley, while Astro- 



i 9 4 ANNALS OF THE 1776- 

nomer Royal, at Greenwich, 1750-62. These had been given 
to him by Mr. John Peach, son-in-law to Dr. Bradley, while 
a suit was pending between the Board of Longitude on behalf 
of the Crown and Mr. Peach respecting his right to their posses- 
sion. The claim of the Crown had been first made in 1765, on 
the ground that they were the papers drawn up by Bradley in 
discharge of his public and official duties, but the executor, Mr. 
Sam. Peach, refused to resign them except for some valuable 
consideration. But after his death, his son, Mr. John Peach, who 
married Dr. Bradley's daughter, presented them to Lord North, 
with the understanding that the latter should give them to the 
University, on condition that they should be forthwith printed. 
They were, consequently, immediately put into the hands of Dr. 
Hornsby, the Savilian Professor of Astronomy, for publication; 
but the work progressed very slowly, in consequence of his ill- 
health, and a remonstrant correspondence ensued between the 
Board of Longitude, the Royal Society, and the University, which 
was printed by the Board, together with a statement of the whole 
case and of the steps taken by them for the recovery of the papers, 
in 1795. Several letters from Sir Joseph Banks, as President of 
the Royal Society, to Price the Librarian, in 1785, on the slow 
progress of the work, are preserved in a volume of MS. Letters 
to Librarians, recently bound up by Mr. Coxe. The first volume 
at length appeared in 1798, in folio, and the second, edited by 
Prof. A. Robertson, in 1805, with an appendix of observations 
made by Bradley's successor, Rev. Nath. Bliss, and his assistant, 
Mr. Charles Green, to March, 1765, which had been purchased 
by the Board of Longitude, and were presented by them to the 
University, in March, 1804. Some further remains of Dr. Bradley 
were, after Dr. Hornsby's death, found among the papers of the 
latter, and these (having been restored to the University by his 
family, on application, about 1829) were published in 1831, under 



-1780 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



'95 



the editorship of Prof. S. P. Rigaud, in one vol. quarto, entitled 
Miscellaneous Works and Correspondence of Rev. J. Bradley. In 
1 86 1, a fresh application for the return of the Observations was 
made to the University, by Mr. Airy, the Astronomer Royal, on 
the ground that they were the only volumes wanting in the series 
preserved at Greenwich, and that they were frequently needed 
there for reference. By a vote of Convocation, on May 2, this 
application was acceded to, and thirteen volumes of Observ- 
ations were returned to what was certainly their legitimate 
place of deposit. Some miscellaneous papers, making about thirty 
parcels, still remain in the Library. 

A.D. 1778. 
Carle's MSS. See 1753. 

A.D. 1780. 

On Jan. 22, a Statute was passed which imposed an annual 
fee of four shillings 1 on all persons entitled to read in the Library 
and all who had exceeded four years from matriculation, as well 
as assigned to the Library a share of the matriculation fees. The 
preamble of the Statute alleges that the funds of the Library were 
so insufficient for their purpose that of works of importance 
daily published throughout the world ' vix unus et alter publicis 
sumptibus adscribi possit.' The Statute also provided for the 
holding of regular meetings by the Curators, and the issuing of 
an annual Catalogue of the books purchased during the year, 
with their prices, together with a statement of accounts. The 

1 By the Statute passed in 1813, and by that on Fees passed in 1855, an annual 
payment of eight shillings was ordered to be made to the Library out of the total 
sum (now i 6s.) paid by each graduate whose name is on the University Books. 
But these individual fees, varying with the numbers on the Books, were consoli- 
dated, in 1861 in one fixed annual sum, from the University Chest, of 2800. 



j 



i 9 6 ANNALS OF THE 1780- 

commencement of the annual printed purchase-catalogues dates 
in consequence from this year. 

In a letter from Thos. Burgess, afterwards the Bishop of 
St. David's and Salisbury, to Mr. Tyrwhitt, the editor of Chaucer, 
dated Corp. Chr. Coll., Nov. 16, 1779, the plan for increasing the 
funds of the Library, established by this Statute, is mentioned as 
a scheme ' much talked of,' the defects of the Library being such 
as ' we are now astonished should have been of so long continu- 
ance 1 .' A paper in behalf of the proposal was circulated among 
Members of Convocation, upon a copy of which, preserved by 
Dr. Bliss with his set of the annual Catalogues, the latter has 
noted that it was written by Sir William Scott, afterwards Lord 
Stowell. 

The exquisite portrait of Sir Kenelm Digby, supposed to be 
by Vandyke, was given by Edw. Stanley, Esq. It is now in the 
Picture Gallery; and, having recently been cleaned and covered 
with plate-glass, appears once more in all the freshness of its 
original perfection 2 . 

The Sub-librarian at this time was John Walters, an under- 
graduate Scholar of Jesus College. He published in this year 
a small volume of Poems (' written before the age of nineteen '), 
the chief portion of which consists of a description of the Library, 
written with a warm admiration of his subject, and by no means 
destitute of poetic feeling. It numbers 1188 lines, and is illus- 
trated with some well-selected notes. In 1782, when B.A. and 
still Scholar of his College, he published Specimens of Welsh Poetry 
in English verse, with some Original Pieces and Notes. He took 

1 Note by Dr Bliss, in his MS. Collectanea, bequeathed by him to Rev. H. O. 
Coxe. 

2 Another portrait of Sir Kenelm, which hangs in the Library, was given, in 1692, 
by Mr. William Pate, a woollen-draper of London. To this Mr. Pate, Thos. Brown 
dedicated, in 1710,35 ' his honest friend,' his translation from the French of Memoirs 
of the Present State of the Court and Council * o 



-1787 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 197 

the degree of M.A. in 1784, and died in 1791 1 . We learn from 
a MS. note in a copy of his Poems, presented to the Library by 
the present Principal of Jesus College, that he was the son of 
John Walters, Rector of Llandough (author of a Welsh Dictionary, 
1794), by Hannah his wife, and that he was baptized there, 
July 9, 1760. 

A.D. 1785. 

George III and Queen Charlotte visited the Library, from 
Nuneham, on Oct. 13. Price, the Librarian, was in attendance, 
and kissed hands. 

Several Assistants, whose names are not perpetuated in the 
Library records, are found perpetuated by the inscriptions written 
by successive generations on the old oak staircases which run 
from their studies to the galleries above. In June of this year, 
Thomas Whiting, of Jesus College (B.A. also in this year), does 
in this way transmit the memory of his service to posterity. 
E. Thomas (qu. Evan Thomas, of All Souls' College, B.A., 1793?) 
does the same in 1790. 

A.D. 1787. 

On May 31, the Reader in Chemistry, Thomas Beddoes, M.D., 
of Pembroke College, issued a printed Memorial to the Curators 
'concerning the state of the Bodleian Library, and the conduct 
of the Principal Librarian.' The utmost laxity appears from this 
statement to have prevailed with regard to attendance, and to the 
hours of opening the Library ; the Librarian was always absent on 
Saturdays and Mondays, as on those days he was occupied in 
journeys to and from a curacy eleven miles distant, which he held 
together with a living more remote ; and the Library which should 

1 Nichols' Lit. Anted, viii. 122. 



i 9 8 ANNALS OF THE 1787 

then in summer have been opened at eight was found unopened 
between nine and ten, and unopened also after University ser- 
mons. The Librarian is charged besides with having discouraged 
readers by neglect and incivility, with being very careless in regard 
to the value and condition of books purchased by the Library 1 , 
and with having but little knowledge of foreign publications. An 
anecdote is related (amongst others) of his lending Cook's Voyages, 
which had been presented by King Geo. Ill, to the Rector of Lincoln 
College, and telling him that the longer he kept it the better, 
' for if it was known to be in the Library, he (Mr. Price) should 
be perpetually plagued with enquiries after it 2 .' In consequence 
of these complaints, the Curators, in 1788, prepared on their part 
a new form of Statute, while the Heads of Houses prepared 
another. This separate action led to a paper war between the two 
bodies, in which the Regius Professors of Divinity, Law, Medicine, 
Hebrew and Greek, (Randolph, Vansittart, Vivian, Blayney and 
Jackson) appeared on the Curators' side of the question, and, as the 
Hebdomadal Board persisted in pressing their own scheme, they 
at length (with the exception of Blayney) adopted the strong step, 
on the day when the rival plan was proposed in Convocation 
(June 23, 1788), of formally protesting before a notary public 
against this violation of their privileges. The consequence was that 
the Statute was withdrawn, and the proposal for a new code aban- 
doned by both parties. The chief points of difference were, that 
the Curators objected to the proposal being put forward as 'cum 
consensu Curatorum' instead of 'ex relatione Curatorum,' to the 
increase of the Librarian's stipend to <i5o, to the appointment of 
two Sub-librarians instead of one, and to the leaving the appoint- 



1 Among other instances the purchase (in 1784) of Sir John Hill's Vegetable 
System, at the cost of 140, is mentioned. 

3 It appears incidentally, from this pamphlet, that three o'clock was the dinner- 
hour at almost every College at that time. 



1787 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 199 

ment of these in the hands of the Librarian (in accordance with 
Bodley's own Statute) instead of assigning it to the Curators. 

Eleven Arabic and Persian MSS. were given by Turner Camac, 
Esq., co. Down. 

A first part of a Catalogue of the Oriental MSS., comprehend- 
ing those in Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, ^Ethiopic, Arabic, Persian, 
Turkish and Coptic, was issued in this year, in folio. It was 
compiled by John Uri, a Hungarian, who had studied Oriental 
literature under Schultens, at Leyden, and who was recommended 
for this purpose to Archbp. Seeker, by Sir Joseph Yorke, then 
Ambassador in the Netherlands. Many years were occupied in 
the preparation of this volume, as Uri appears to have commenced 
his work in 1766, his signature occurring in the 'Registrum ad- 
missorum' under Feb. 17, in that year 1 . Sixty closely-printed folio 
pages of corrections and additions are, however, supplied by Dr. 
Pusey, in the second part of the Catalogue, which he completed 
after Dr. Nicoll's death and published in 1835. In his preface to 
this part, Dr. Pusey remarks that Uri frequently copied with care- 
lessness; and that the whole series of Arabic MSS. was found to 
need re-examination from the discovery that all kinds of cheats 
and impositions had been played upon all the purchasers of 
Eastern MSS., Pococke alone excepted, by the cunning sellers 
with whom they dealt, particularly in the passing off of suppo- 
sititious works for genuine 2 . And upon carrying out this re- 
examination, the following was found to be the result : 

'Varias errorum formas deprehendi, titulis nunc charta coopertis, 
nunc atramento oblitis, nunc cultro paene abrasis ; auctorum porro 
nominibus paullulum immutatis quo notiora quaedam referrent; 

1 He died suddenly at his lodgings in Oxford, Oct. 1 8, 1796, aged upwards of 
seventy (Gent. Magaz., vol. Ixvi. p. 8^4.) 

a The late Dr. Simonides was evidently by no means the first in his art, although 
probably facile princrp^. 



200 ANNALS OF THE 1787- 

numeris etiam, quibus singula volumina signata sunt, permutatis, 
quo quis opus imperfectum pro integro habeat, paginis denique 
pauculis operi alieno a fronte assutis.' 



A.D. 1789. 

The Anatomy School, on the Library staircase, was fitted up 
in this year as a room for receiving the Greek and Biblical MSS., 
and fifteenth-century editions of classics. In 1794 it was ordered 
that it should be distinguished by the name of the Auctarium, 
a name which it still retains. Mr. John Thomas, of Wadham 
College, (B.A. 1790, M.A. 1793) was employed in 1790 in arrang- 
ing the room and making a list of its contents. 

Many early editions of the classics were purchased at the sale 
of the library of Mapheo Pinelli, at Venice. To enable these 
purchases to be made, the Curators made a public application for 
loans, to which a liberal response was returned, as noted under 
the following year. 

The increased attention which began to be paid to the Library 
about this time is thus mentioned in a letter from Mr. Dan. Prince, 
the Oxford bookseller : 

' Our Bodleian Library is putting into good order. It has been 
already one year in hand. Some one, two or three of the Curators 
work at it daily, and several assistants. The revenue from the 
tax on the Members of the University is about .460 per annum, 
which has existed 12 years. This has increased the Library so 
much that it must be attended to, and a new Catalogue put in 
hand. They have lately bought all the expensive foreign publi- 
cations. A young man of this place is about making a Catalogue 
of all the singular books in this place, in the College libraries as 

well as the Bodleian We have a young man in this place, 

his name is Curtis, who was an apprentice to me, who has hitherto 
only dealt in books of curiosities, in which he is greatly skilled, 
superior in many respects to De Bure, Ames, or his continuator. 



-1792 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 201 

He has been employed five or six years in the Bodleian Library, 
and since at Wadham, Queen's and Balliol. He purposes to 
publish a Catalogue of little or not known books in Oxford, 
particularly in Merton, Balliol and Oriel 1 .' 

A.D. 1790. 

A very large number of Editiones principes and other early- 
printed books were purchased at the sale at Amsterdam of the 
library of P. A. Crevenna. The first entire Hebrew Bible, printed 
at Soncino in 1488, was purchased for 43 15-$-.; and Fust and 
Schoeffer's first dated Latin Bible (Mentz, 1462) for 127 15^. 
To enable the Library to make the purchases of this and the 
preceding year, benefactions were received to the amount of 
nearly 200, and upwards of 1550 were lent by various bodies 
and individuals. The repayment of the loans was completed 
in 1795. 

120 were received for duplicates sold to Messrs. Chapman 
and King. Other small receipts from similar sales are found 
under the years 1793, 1794 and 1804. 

A.D. 1791. 

From this year onwards until 1803, inclusive, the name of Mr. 
Edward Lewton, of Wadham College (B.A. 1792, M.A. 1794), is 
found as that of an Assistant employed upon the Catalogues. 
Further benefactions to the amount of 232, for the purpose of 
aiding the purchase of early-printed books, were received in this 
year. The list of all the donors is printed in Gutch's edition of 
Wood's History and Antiquities, vol. ii. part ii. p. 949. 

A.D. 1792. 

The collections of notes and various readings made by Joseph 
Torelli, of Verona, in preparation for his edition of Archimedes, 

1 Nichols, Lit. Anecd. iii. 699, 701. 



202 ANNALS OF THE 1792- 

were deposited in the Library, (F. infra, 2. Auct.}. They were 
given to the University after his death (in 1781) by his executor, 
Albert Albertini, partly through the instrumentality of Mr. John 
Strange, envoy to Venice, upon condition that the University 
undertook the publication. The work was consequently printed 
at the University Press, and issued in a handsome folio volume 
in this year. 

A.D. 1793. 

A magnificent copy of Gutenberg's Bible, not dated, but sup- 
posed to have been printed about 1455, fresh and clean as if 
it had just come from the hands of the men of the New Craft, 
carefully set at their work, was bought for the very small sum 
of Xioo. It is exhibited in the first glass case in the Library. 
This is the edition often called the Mazarine Bible, from the 
circumstance that the first copy which obtained notice was found 
in the Mazarine Library at Paris. 

A.D. 1794. 

The Editio princeps of the Bible in German, printed by Egge- 
steyn about 1466, was bought for 50. 

A chronological Catalogue, in two folio volumes, of a very large 
and valuable collection of pamphlets (which had hitherto been 
kept in the Radcliffe Library), extending from 1603 to '74. was 
made in 1793-4, by Mr. Abel Lendon, of Ch. Ch. (B.A. 1795, 
M.A. 1798.) 

Mr. Rich. S. Skillerne, of All Souls' (B.A. 1796, M.A. 1800), 
was employed in the Library. 

With a view to the formation of a new Catalogue, the Curators 
at the end of the annual list made a first application for returns 
of such books existing in the several College libraries as were not 



-i 7 95 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 203 

in the Bodleian, in order thereby to accomplish what would be a 
most useful work, and is still a great desideratum, a General Cata- 
logue of all the books in Oxford. 

A.D. 1795. 

A brief list (filling sixty small octavo pages) was printed at the 
Clarendon Press, of the Editiones principes, the fifteenth-century 
books, and the Aldines, then in the Library. The name of the 
compiler does not appear. It is entitled, 'Notitia editionum quoad 
libros Hebr., Gr. et Lat. quae vel primariae, vel saec. xv. impressae, 
vel Aldinae, in Bibliotheca Bodleiana adservantur.' 

Four cabinets of English coins were presented by Thomas 
Knight, Esq., of Godmersham, Kent. Among them was an 
ornament (now exhibited in the glass case near the Library 
door) said to have been worn by John Hampden when he fell 
at Chalgrove Field 1 . It consists of a plain cornelian set in silver, 
with the following couplet engraved on the rim : 

' Against my King I do not fight, 
But for my King and kingdom's right." 

The Curators renewed a request, made ineffectually some time 
before, that the several Colleges would make out returns for the 
Library of all such books in their own collections as did not 
appear in the Bodl. Catalogue. In the year 1801 they acknow- 
ledged the receipt of such lists from Magdalen 2 , Balliol, Exeter, 
and Jesus ; Oriel sent a list subsequently (in 1 808 ?) ; but these 
were all that were ever forwarded. 

1 Lord Nugent, in his Memorials of Hampden, erroneously mentions this as being 
preserved in the Ashmolean Museum. He also repeats two mistaken readings first 
given in Miss Seward's Anecdotes, iv. 358 (a volume dedicated to Price, the 
Librarian), where a small woodcut of the ornament is given. 

2 A complete Catalogue of the Library of this College, compiled by Rev. E. 
M. Macfarlane, M.A., of Line. Coll., was issued by the College, in three handsomely- 
printed quarto volumes, in 1860-62. The books of all writers belonging to the 
College, are entered separately in an Appendix in vol. iii. 



204 ANNALS OF THE 1796- 

A.D. 1796. 

A few incunabula and Aldines were purchased at Gbttingen. 

The annual list of donations was, for the first time, printed in 
this year. It does not include, however, a large gift which was 
partly received now, the .presentation having been made in the 
year preceding. It was the gift by Rev. Dr. Nath. Bridges of 
the MSS. collections made by Mr. John Bridges for his History 
of Northamptonshire. They number thirty-seven volumes in folio, 
eight in quarto, and one in octavo ; and consist chiefly of extracts 
from Public Records and from the Episcopal Registers of Lincoln^ 
the volumes in quarto containing Church notes for the several 
parishes. Some account of them is given in Mr. Whalley's 
preface to vol. i. of Bridges' History, published in 1791. 

A.D. 1798. 

The distinguished historical antiquary, Sir Henry Ellis, D.C.L., 
was appointed in this year, by his friend the Librarian, to be one 
of the Assistant-librarians; commencing thus, while still an under- 
graduate Fellow of St. John's (which College he had entered in 
1796) the studies and pursuits which eventually led to the post, so 
long and honourably held by him, of Principal Librarian and Head 
of the British Museum. In a letter with which the author of 
this volume was recently favoured by him ('jam senior, sed menie 
virens,') Sir Henry mentions that the Rev. Henry Hervey Baber, 
of All Souls' College (B.A. 1799, M.A. 1805), who was after- 
wards one of his colleagues in the Museum, and who now (atal. 
92) is Vicar of Stretham, in the Isle of Ely, was his senior in 
the Bodleian, as Coadjutor-under-librarian, by a year or two. In 
consequence of the insufficiency of the statutable staff, the place 
of the one Under-librarian was at this time, and subsequently, 



-i8oi BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 205 

shared by two occupants. In 1800 Sir H. Ellis signed, in con- 
junction with Mr. Price, the return printed in the first Record 
Commission Report relative to the Historical MSS. possessed by 
the Library. 

A.D. 1799. 

Some MSS. papers of the eminent French divine, Pet. Franc, le 
Courayer, were bequeathed by Rev. Bertrand Russel. Courayer's 
portrait, representing him in his alb, was given by Courayer himself 
in 1769. 

A.D. 1800. 

The chief purchases in this year were of English and foreign 
maps, purchases which were continued in 1802 and 1804. For 
Maraldi's and Cassini's Atlas of France, in 2 vols., no less than 
.104 was paid! The interest now taken in French politics was 
also shown by the purchase of a set of the Moniteur from 1789, 
which was bought for 66. 

A.D. 1801. 

A large and valuable collection of MS. and printed music was 
received, at the beginning of this year or the close of the pre- 
ceding, by the bequest of Rev. Osborne Wight, M.A., formerly 
a Fellow of New College, who died Feb. 6, iSoo 1 . The MSS. 
number about 190 volumes. They contain anthems, &c, by 
Arnold, Bishop, Blow, Boyce, Croft, Greene, Purcell, &c ; a large 
number of the works of Drs. Philip and William Hayes ; with very 
many madrigals and motetts by early Italian and English com- 
posers, and some of Handel's compositions. The printed volumes 

1 A short memoir of this gentleman is given in Gent. Magaz. for 1800, p. 1212, 
where it is said that ' he was eminently skilled in the practice and composition of 
music, and was probably excelled by no one, whether dilettante or professor, as a 
in vocal execution.' 



206 ANNALS OF THE 1801- 

consist chiefly of the original folio editions of Handel, Arnold's 
and Boyce's collections, and the works of Playford, Purcell, Croft, 
Greene, and other English composers. A MS. Catalogue of the 
whole was made by Rev. H. E. Havergal, M.A., about 1846, 
when the collection was put in order. The Library also possesses 
full band and voice parts of several of the odes and other com- 
positions by both Philip and William Hayes. Besides his books 
Mr. Wight also bequeathed 100 in the 3 per cents. ' to defray 
expenses.' Few additions have been made in the class of old 
music since his gift. Some rare sets of madrigals have been 
purchased, specially, in 1856, those of Morley, Watson, Weelkes, 
Wilbye, and Yonge, for 24 14-5-. 6d. ; Mr. Vincent Novello gave, 
in 1849, MSS. of Handel's Te Deum in D, and Greene's anthem, 
' Ponder my words,' and in the following year a MS. of part 
of the ancient Gregorian Mass, ' De Angelis,' harmonized by Sam. 
Wesley, in 1812; the Professor of Music, Sir F. Ouseley, Bart., 
gave some French Cantates in 1856; and two or three volumes 
have been added by the present writer. 

A.D. 1803. 

An Arabic MS., in seven volumes, written in 1764-5, and con- 
taining what is rarely met with, a complete collection of the Thousand 
and One Tales of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, was bought 
from Capt. Jonathan Scott for 50. Mr. Scott published, in 
1811, an edition of the Tales, in six volumes, in which this MS. 
is described. He obtained it from Dr. White, the Professor of 
Hebrew and Arabic at Oxford, who had bought it at the sale 
of the library of Edward Wortley Montague, by whom it had 
been brought from the East. It is noticed in Ouseley's Oriental 
Collections, vol. ii. p. 25. 



-i8os BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 207 

A.D. 1805. 

In this year the last volume (numbered 142) of Dr. Holmes' 
Collations of MSS. of the Septuagint-Version, was deposited in 
the Library. This great and important work had been com- 
menced in the year 1789; it was intended to embrace collations 
of all the known MSS. of the Greek text, as well as of Oriental 
versions ; and for seventeen years, by the help of liberal sub- 
scriptions, in spite of the difficulties interposed by the continental 
wars, the collection of the various readings from MSS. in libraries 
throughout Europe was carried on. And each year's work, was, 
on its completion, deposited in the Bodleian. During this period, 
annual accounts were published of the progress of the work, which 
possess both critical and bibliographical interest ; and the results 
of the whole are seen in the fine edition printed at the Clarendon 
Press, in five vols., folio, 1808-1827. 

The MSS. of the distinguished classical scholar, James 
Philip D'Orville, who died at Amsterdam, Sept. 14, 1/51, were 
bought for 1025. After the purchase was completed, a question 
arose whether the University of Leyden were not, by the terms 
of his will, entitled to them after the death of his son, but it 
was ascertained that this provision was only made in case his 
son did not reach manhood. The collection numbers about 570 
volumes, containing many valuable Greek and Latin Classics, 
together with numerous collations of texts, and annotated printed 
copies. Thirty-four volumes contain correspondence (autograph 
and in copy) of Is. Vossius, Heinsius, Cuper, Paolo Sarpi, Bever- 
land, and the letters addressed to D'Orville by all the great scholars 
of his time. And thirty-eight volumes, in folio and quarto, con- 
tain Adversaria of Scipio and Alberic Gentilis. There are also 
six Turkish and Arabic MSS. The gem of the collection is a 
quarto MS. of Euclid, containing 387 leaves, which was written, 



208 AA r NALS OF THE 1805- 

'Xfi/>l 2Tpdvav K\rpiKt>v,' A.M. 6397 = A. D. 889. It contains a 
memorandum by one Arethas of Patras, that he bought the 
book for four (or, most probably, fourteen,) nummi. A Cata- 
logue of the MSS., compiled anonymously by Dr. (then Mr.) 
Gaisford, was printed in quarto, in 1806. D'Orville's signature 
occurs in the Admission-book as having been admitted to read 
on Aug. 18, 1718. 

A form of new Statute was put out on March 28, to be pro- 
posed to Convocation in May ; but it appears to have been with- 
drawn, as no fresh Statutes were actually enacted until 1813. 
The staff was proposed to be increased to the number which 
was adopted in the latter year, but with smaller salaries; and 
the Library was to be open from nine to three, throughout the 
year. 

A.D. 1806. 

Fifty pounds were paid for some ' Tibetan MSS.' of Capt. 
Samuel Turner, E.I C.S., who had been sent by Warren Hastings, 
on a mission to the Grand Llama, in 1785. Of this mission he 
published an account, in a quarto volume, in 1 800. His MSS. 
consist chiefly of nine bundles of papers and letters in the Persian 
and Tartar languages, written in the last century, together with 
a few Chinese printed books. Capt. Turner died Jan. 2, 1802; 
but as one of his sisters was married to Prof. White, it was 
probably through him that the papers were now purchased. 

A beautiful copy of the Koran which had been in the library 
of Tippoo Sahib (now exhibited in the glass case near the door) 
was presented, together with another MS. from the same col- 
lection, by the East India Company. Dibdin speaks of it as a 
work 'upon which caligraphy seems to have exhausted all its 
powers of intricacy and splendour,' and adds the following de- 
scription : 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 209 

' The preservation of it is perfect, and the beauty of the binding, 
especially of the interior ornaments, is quite surprising. The first 
few leaves of the text are highly ornamented, without figures, 
chiefly in red and blue. The latter leaves are more ornamental ; 
they are even gorgeous, curious and minute. The generality of 
the leaves have two star-like ornaments in the margin, out of 
the border. Upon the whole this is an exquisite treasure, in its 
way 1 .' 

The Calholicon of J. de Janua, printed at Mentz, in 1 460, was 
bought for 63. 

The following singular memorandum, relating to this year, is 
preserved on a small paper : 

'Oxford, Aug. 29, 1806. Borrowed this day, of the Rev. the 
Bodleian Librarian, the picture given to the Library by Mr. Peters, 
which I promise to return upon demand. 

JOSEPH WHITE. 

' Mem. Not returned, June 24, 1807. 

' Nor as yet, Oct., 1808. J. P. (i.e. J. Price). 

' And never to be ret d .' (added at some later period.) 

This picture must have been the portrait of Professor White 
himself, which was painted and presented by Rev. Will. Peters, R.A., 
in i ySs 2 . It has never been restored. 

On the morning of Saturday, April 1 9, probably but little after 
nine o'clock, the statutable time for the opening of the Library, 
some zealous student stood at the door, but could get no further. 
No one appeared to give him entrance ; the Librarian himself 
never came on a Saturday, and probably his Assistants were not 
scrupulous in punctuality; at any rate, the expectant student 
stood and expected in vain. But ere he departed, he denounced 
a ' Woe ' which perpetuates to this day the memory of his vain ex- 
pectancy ; he affixed to the door the following text, which doubtless 

1 nibliogr. Decani, iii. 472. ' Gutch's Wood, II. ii. 979. 



210 ANNALS OF THE 1806- 



seemed to him naturally suggested : ' Oum vfj.1\>, on y^are TTJV 

TTJS yvuxrteat' avrol OVK (i<rr)\0tTf , K.OI TOVS do'tp^o^.tvovs 

The paper is now preserved over the door of one of the Sub- 
librarians' studies, with this note added : ' Affixed to the outer 
door of the Library by some scavanl inconnu, April 19, 1806.' 

A.D. 1807. 

A list of the books printed during the year at the University 
Press is added to the annual account. This was not repeated, 

A copy of the Speculum Christiani, printed by Will, de Machlinia, 
was given by Rev. A. H. Matthews, of Jesus College. 

Amongst the names of Assistants, written by them, more An- 
gh'co, on the wood-work of their studies, occurs the name of 
' Rob. Fr. Walker, New Coll., Dec. 1807.' Mr. Walker (B.A. 181 1, 
M.A. 1813) was subsequently Curate of Purleigh, Essex, where 
he died in 1854. He was known as the translator of a Life of 
Bengel, and other works, from the German. A memoir of him 
was published by Rev. T. Pyne, from which the account given 
by Dr. Bloxam in his Register of Magd. Coll. ii. 115-117, was 
taken. In 1810, John Woodcock (B.A. 1817, M.A. 1818, Chap- 
lain of New College) appears, from the same evidence as 
Mr. Walker, to have been an Assistant, one Will. John Lennox 
in 1808, and John Jones, (Ch. Ch.? B.A. 1808, M.A. 1815), 
in 1809. 

A.D. 1808. 

The Latin Bible printed by Ulric Zell, at Cologne, in two 
volumes, about 1470, was bought for 47 $s. The Bible printed 
at Rome, by Sweynheym and Pannartz, in 1471, had been 
bought, in 1804, for 35; and in 1826 a Strasburgh edition, 
printed with Mentelin's types, without date, was obtained for 
94 i os. 



-i8o 9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 2II 

A set of the Oxford Almanacks, from the commencement in 
1674 to this year, was given by a frequent donor, Alderman 
Fletcher 1 . 

A.D. 1809. 

The death of the eminent topographer and antiquary, Richard 
Gough, on Feb. 20, 1809*, brought into operation the bequest 
made to the Library in his will, dated ten years previously. This 
consisted of all his topographical collections, together with all his 
books relating to Saxon and Northern literature, ' for the use of 
the Saxon Professor,' his maps and engravings, and all the copper- 
plates used in the illustration of the various works published by 
himself. The transmission of this vast collection was accom- 
plished by Mr. J. Nichols, the executor, in the course of the year ; 
and some of his correspondence on the subject is printed in 
his Illustrations of Literary History, vol. v. pp. 556-561. The 
collection (which numbers upwards of 3700 volumes) was placed 
in the room formerly the Civil Law School, that room having been 
assigned to the Library a few years previously, and fitted up (at a 
cost of about 675) for the reception of various historical col- 
lections. In the same room are now the Carte, Dodsworth, 
Tanner, Willis, Junius, and portion of the Rawlinson, manuscripts, . 
with other smaller collections ; the name proposed to be given to 
it, and by which it was designated in Cough's will, was 'The 
Antiquaries' Closet.' Cough's library consists, firstly, of a large 
series of maps 3 and topographical prints and drawings, in ele- 

1 A limited number of copies of the engravings of these Almanacks, from the 
original plates which remain in the University Press, were re-issued in 1867, under 
the superintendence of Rev. John Griffiths, M.A. 

2 A very full memoir of him is to be found in the Lit. Anted, vol. vi. pp. 262- 
343, and 613-626. His miscellaneous library was sold by auction in 1810. Two 
drawings in sepia, by F. Lewis, of his house at Enfield, were bought in 1861. 

8 One of these is a very curious manuscript map of England and Scotland, executed 
in the fourteenth century, which now hangs, framed and glazed, in the eastern wing 

P 2 



2~i2 ANNALS OF THE 1809 

phant-folio volumes ; of this a very brief outline-list is given in the 
printed catalogue, but a full list in detail exists in MS 1 . Secondly, 
of printed books and MSS., arranged under the heads of General 
Topography, Ecclesiastical Topography 2 , Natural History, the 
several Counties (with London, Westminster, and Southwark) in 
order 3 , Wales, Islands, Scotland, and Ireland. Thirdly, of 227 
works connected with Anglo-Saxon literature and that of the 
Scandinavian races generally. Fourthly, of an extremely large and 
valuable series of printed Service-books of the English Church 

of the Library. It was bought by Gough at the sale of the MSS. of Mr. Thomas 
Martin, of Palgrave, Suffolk, in 1774. A facsimile (engraved by Basire) and a 
description are given in the British Topography, 1780, vol. i. pp. 76-85. Another 
object of interest among the maps is a piece of tapestry, in three fragments, con- 
taining portions of the counties of Hereford, Salop, Staffordshire, Worcestershire, 
Warwickshire, Gloucestershire, Middlesex, &c. They are said by Gough, in a MS. 
note in his collections for a third edition of his Topography, to be parts of the three 
great maps of the Midland Counties, formerly at Mr. Sheldon's house at Weston, 
Long Compton, Warwickshire, which are the earliest specimens of tapestry weaving 
in England, the art having been introduced by William Sheldon, who died in 1570. 
They are described in vol. ii. of the Topography, pp. 309-310. They were bought 
by Lord Orford at a sale at Weston for 30, and presented by him to Earl Harcourt, 
whose successor, Archbishop Harcourt, gave them to the Museum at York (where 
they now are) in 1827. In Murray's Handbook for Yorkshire, they are said to have 
been made in 1579. One guinea was given by Gough for his fragments. 

1 This list was drawn up about 1844-6 by Mr Fred. Oct. Garlick, then an assistant 
in the Library (afterwards of Ch. Ch., B.A., deceased 1851). 

2 Mr. A. Chalmers gave, in 1813, the second volume of a copy of Wharton's Anglia 
Sacra, with MSS. notes by White Kennett, of which the first volume was in this 
division of Gough 's library. But both volumes had been bought by Gough for 
i is. at the sale of J. West's library in 1773, at which sale he procured, besides, 
several other books with Kennett's notes. There are also volumes with MSS. notes 
by Baker (the ' socius ejectus') Cole, Rowe Mores, and other well-known antiquaries. 

3 The County Histories are in many instances enriched with various notes and 
papers in print and MS. The Berkshire MSS. have been increased in the present year 
(1868) by the addition of the collections of the late Will. Nelson Clarke, D.C.L., 
of Ch. Ch., author of the History of the Hundred of Wanting (4". 1824), which 
have been presented to the Library by Mr. Coxe, to whom they were given by 
his cousin, the collector, when the latter relinquished the idea of writing a history of 
Berks. They consist of a Parochial History of the county, transcripts of Heralds 
Visitations and of early records, and miscellaneous note-books and papers. 



1809 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 213 

before the Reformation, together with a few MSS., chiefly Horce. 
The value of this series may be gathered from the following 
statement of the Missals, Breviaries, Manuals, Processionals, and 
Hours, which it comprises, besides which there are Graduals, 
Psalters, Hymns, Primers, &c. 

Missals, Salisbury use, . . . .30 

York 4 

Rouen . . i 

Roman 3 

' pro sacerdotibus in Anglia, &c. itinerantibus.' i 

Breviaries and Portiforia, Salisbury use, . . 18 

York . 2 

Hereford . . i ' 

Manuals, Salisbury use, . . . .10 

York (MS.) . . . i 

Processionals, Salisbury use, . . . .10 

York . . . .1 

Hours, Salisbury use, . 24 

Roman (besides several MSS.) . i 

Of several of these books there are more than single copies. 

A fifth division of Cough's library consists of sixteen large folio 
volumes of coloured drawings of monuments in churches of 
France, chiefly at Paris, in Normandy, Valois, Champagne, Bur- 
gundy and Brie, and at Beauvais, Chartres, Vendosme and Noyon. 
They form part of a large collection extending through the whole 
of France, which was made by M. Gagnieres, tutor to the sons of 

1 The splendid and, as it is believed, unique vellum copy of the Hereford Missal 
('ad usum eccl. Helfordensis,' fol. Rouen, 1502) which the Library possesses, came 
to it from Rawlinson among the books of T. Hearne, to whom it had been given by 
Charles Eyston, Esq., of East Hendred, Berks. (Hearne's pref. to Camden's Annales 
Eliz. i. xxvii.) This Hereford volume is described, together with many of Cough's 
books, in a book by Ed. Frfcre, entitled Des Livres de Litvrgie dts Eglises a"Angle- 
terre imprimes a Rotten dans Its xv. et xvi. SiecUs, 8 Rouen, 1867. 



214 ANNALS OF THE 1809 

the Grand Dauphin, and given by him to Louis XIV in 1 7 1 1 . Of 
this collection, now preserved in the Imperial Library, twenty-five 
volumes were lost amid the troubles of the French Revolution, be- 
tween 1785 and 1 80 1 ; but in what way, out of the twenty-five, these 
sixteen came into Cough's hands, has not been clearly ascertained. 
The collection is of great value, as most of the monuments were 
defaced or destroyed by the revolutionary mobs. Cough's volumes 
contain about 2000 drawings, of the whole of which facsimiles 
were made in 1860 by M. Jules Frappaz, by direction of the 
French Minister of Public Instruction, (who made application for 
the purpose, through Mr. J. H. Parker, in 1859) for tne purpose of 
so far supplying the deficiency in the series at Paris 1 . 

The copy of the British Topography, which Cough had prepared 
for a third edition (of which a considerable part of vol. i. had been 
printed, but was burned in the disastrous fire at Mr. Nichols' 
printing-office in Feb., 1808,) was bought by the Curators of 
Mr. Nichols in 1812 for i5o 2 . It has been recently bound in 
four very thick volumes. A fifth volume contains the proof-sheets of 
that portion of vol. i. which had been printed, extending to Cheshire, 
p. 446. The collections for the first edition make three volumes. 

By Cough's bequest the Library became also possessed (as 
mentioned above) of the very valuable copper-plates which illus- 
trated his Sepulchral Monuments, and other works. In 1811, one 
hundred guineas were paid to Basire, the engraver, for cleaning 
and arranging 380 of these plates. Amongst these was the actual 
brass effigy of one of the Wingfield family in the fifteenth century, 
from Letheringham Church, Suffolk, of which an engraving is 
found in the Monuments. The brass is now exhibited in the glass 
case of miscellaneous objects of curiosity in the Picture Gallery. 

1 See Gent. Magaz. for 1860, p. 406. 

'* So in the Library Register of accounts. Nichols (Lit. Hist. vol. v. p. 559) 
.says 100. 



i8o 9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 215 

The Catalogue of the collection was issued from the University 
Press, in a quarto volume, in 1814. It was chiefly compiled by 
Dr. Bandinel, to whom fifty guineas were paid for it, in 1813; but 
Dr. Bliss has noted 1 that the first 136 pages were prepared by 
himself. In the Bibliographical Decameron (vol. i. p. xcv.) Dibdin 
has made honourable mention of the 'perseverance, energy, and 
exactness' with which he found Dr. Bandinel working on a very 
hot day in the year 1812, in the arrangement of the collection, 'in 
an oaken-floored room, light, spacious, and dry.' 

Some account and survey-books, belonging to University and 
Magdalen Colleges, which came to the Library among Cough's 
MSS., were restored by vote of Convocation on March 9, 1814. 



The MSS. which the well-known traveller, Rev. Edw. Dan. Clarke, 
LL.D., had collected during his journeys through a large part of 
Europe and Asia, were purchased from him in this year for 1000. A 
first portion of a Catalogue, comprising descriptions of fifty volumes, 
of which fifteen are in Latin, two in French (Alain Chartier, one 
being the printed edit, of 1526), and the rest in Greek, was pub- 
lished in 1812, in quarto, by Dr. Gaisford, who printed in full some 
inedited Scholia on Plato and on the Poems of Gregory Nazianzen. 
A second part of the Catalogue, containing a description of forty-five 
volumes in Arabic, Persian, and ./Ethiopic, was issued by Dr. Nicoll, 
in 1814. The special feature in the collection is a MS. of Plato's 
Dialogues, from which the Scholia are printed in the Catalogue, 
written (on 418 vellum quarto leaves) by a scribe named John 
(who styles himself Calligraphus) in the year 896, for Arethas, a 
deacon of Patras, for the sum of thirteen Byzantine nummi. The 
D'Orville MS. of Euclid was also written for this Arethas (see 
p. 208). 

' In his MS. Collectanea, in the possession of Rev. H. O. Coxe. 



216 . ANNALS OF THE 1810- 

A.D. 1810. 

In March, the Prince Regent forwarded to the University 
four rolls of papyrus, brought from Herculaneum, burned to a 
state resembling charcoal, together with engravings of rolls hitherto 
deciphered, and many facsimile copies, in pencil, of inedited rolls. 
A committee was appointed from the Curators of the Library and 
the Delegates of the Press, at the beginning of the year 1811, to 
have the charge of this gift, and 500 were granted towards publi- 
cation. Two volumes of lithographed facsimiles were in conse- 
quence published at the Clarendon Press, in 1824-5. Some 
further selections from these papers have recently been published 
by a German scholar, Dr. Th. Gompertz. 

On Nov. 15, it was resolved in Convocation to restore to the 
Chancery at Durham, on the application of the Bishop of Durham, 
the MS. Register of Richard Kellow, Bishop of Durham, 1310-16, 
containing also a portion of the Register of Rich. Bury, 1338-42, 
which had come to the Library among Rawlinson's collections, 
and was the only volume wanting at Durham in an unbroken 
series of Episcopal Registers, of which this was the first. It was 
borrowed in i6f$, as it appeared, by an agent of the Marquis of 
Newcastle, for the purpose of production in some law-suit affecting 
his property ; remained through the Civil War in his hands ; fell 
subsequently into those of the Earl of Oxford, and was bought by 
Rawlinson from Osborne the bookseller, in whose sale-catalogue 
of the Harleian Library in 1743 it was numbered 20734. 

In this year Dr. Philip Bliss, the editor of Wood's Athena, 
appears to have entered the Library as an assistant, the entries in 
the register of books received from Stationers' Hall being partly 
made by him, in his very clear and neat hand. In 1812 he drew 
up short catalogues of the St. Amand MSS. and of a portion of the 
Rawlinson collection (the Poetry, the Letters, and the commence- 



-i8i3 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 217 

ment of the Miscell.) for which a payment was made to him of 
21. He afterwards quitted the Library for the British Museum, 
but returned in 1822, as Sub-librarian, for a short time. 

His life-long friend, Dr. Bandinel, entered the Library also in 
this year. To him, for a list of a further portion of the Rawlinson 
MSS., 26 5-s 1 . were paid in 1812. 

A.D. 1811. 

Only eighteen books were purchased in this year! The list, 
scantly filling one page, is consequently the minimum in the series 
of annual catalogues. 

A.D. 1813. 

The Rev. John Price, B.D., the Librarian, died on Aug. n, 
aged seventy-nine, after forty-five years of office. A short bio- 
graphical notice is given in the Gentleman's Magazine for Oct., 
1813, p. 400, and a fuller account, together with many letters, and 
an engraved portrait, with facsimile signature, (from a sketch taken 
in 1798, by Rev. H. H. Baber), in vols. v. and vi. of Nichols' Illus- 
trations of the Lit. Hist, of the iS/A Century. The following 
character of him with regard to his discharge of his official duties 
is there given (vi. 471), which in some respects forms a strong 
contrast to the representation of Prof. Beddoes in the year 1787 
(see p. 197). 'In the faithful discharge of his public duties in the 
University, he acquitted himself with the highest credit, and de- 
servedly conciliated the esteem of others by his readiness to com- 
municate information from the rich literary stores over which he 
presided, and of which he was a most jealous and watchful 
guardian. He was, from long habit, so completely attached to the 
Library, that he considered every acquisition made to its contents 
as a personal favour conferred upon himself.' It was chiefly owing 



2 i8 ANNALS OF THE 1813 

to his assiduous attention to Mr. Gough and his frequent corres- 
pondence with him, that the Library was enriched with the bequest 
of the latter's splendid topographical collections. But there is not 
much existing to tell of personal work in the Library during his 
long tenure of office, and the fact that nothing was done till near 
the close of that period towards arranging and cataloguing the 
Rawlinson MSS., seems to prove that there was no great activity 
in the Library under his management. This is corroborated also 
by the wonderful difference which is immediately seen in the 
annual catalogue of purchases; the Catalogue for 1813 grows at 
once from the two folio pages of the preceding year to seventeen, 
while the sum expended becomes 725 in the place of 261 l . 
And the list of books forwarded from Stationers' Hall, and hitherto 
received only twice yearly, at Lady-day and Michaelmas, becomes 
in 1815 largely increased, while in the year 1822 the number of 
yearly parcels is increased to eight. At the present time, as for a 
long time past, books are received monthly. 

The Rev. Bulkeley Bandinel, M.A. (D.D. in 1823), of New 
College, was elected Librarian by Convocation on Aug. 25. He 
had been appointed Sub-librarian in 1810, by Mr. Price, who was 
his godfather ; and for a short time previously had been a Chaplain 
in the Royal Navy, having served with Adm. Sir James Saumarez 
on board the 'Victory-,' in the Baltic, in 1808. 

The appointment of a new Librarian was followed by the 
enacting of a new Statute, passed by Convocation on Dec. 2, 
which provided for the increase of the Librarian's stipend to 400, 
exclusive of his share of fees from degrees ; for the appointment 
of two Sub-librarians, instead of one, and these not under the 
degree of M.A., with salaries of 150 ; of two assistants, Bachelors 
of Arts or undergraduates, with salaries of 50 ; and of the Janitor, 

1 Among the purchases is a set of the Gentleman's Magazine to the year 1810 for 
52 los. 



i8i3 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 219 

with a salary of 20. An additional annual grant, calculated at 
680, equal to that which resulted from the provision made by the 
Statute of 1780, and to be paid, like that, out of the yearly fees 
of graduates whose names are on the books, was sanctioned, with 
the triple object of providing for this enlarged staff, for the com- 
mencement of a new Catalogue, and for repairs hitherto defrayed 
out of the general University funds. The state of the roof and 
ceiling were said to be such as to justify an apprehension that they 
must at no distant period be entirely constructed anew ; happily 
this reconstruction was only carried out with respect to the Picture 
Gallery, and the roof of the Library remains as a precious relic 
still. 

The hours at which the Library should be open, were fixed to 
be from 9 to 4 in the summer half-year, and 10 to 3 in the 
winter; the only change since made has been the enacting, in 
1867, that nine o'clock shall be the invariable hour of opening on 
all ordinary days l . 

The junior assistants in the Library in this year were Mr. Francis 
Thurland, of New College (B.A. 1812, M.A. 1814), and Mr. Sam. 
Slack, of Ch. Ch. (B.A. 1813, M.A. 1816). 

' This alteration of hours had been previously proposed in a Statute which was to 
have been submitted to Convocation on Dec. II, 1812, but which appears to have 
been withdrawn ere the day came, probably because this larger measure of revision 
of the old Statutes was already in contemplation. A blank is left in the Convocation 
Book under that date, by the then Registrar, Mr. Gutch ; and his successor. 
Dr. Bliss, has added a pencil-note to the effect that he supposes from the blank not 
being filled up, that the proposal was previously abandoned. The Statute of 1 769 
had required that the Library should be open in summer from 8 to 2 and from 
3 to 5> but it was stated in some remarks which accompanied the proposed enact- 
ment that these injunctions had ' long been disregarded in practice,' and that the 
Library had been open throughout the year from nine to three o'clock. But it was 
added that ' experience ' had ' shewn that there is no occasion for requiring the 
attendance of the Librarians before ten in the winter season.' 



220 .LV.YALS OF THE 1814- 

A.D. 1814. 

The nomination of the Rev. Henry Cotton, M.A., then Student 
of Ch. 'Ch., now the venerable Archdeacon of Cashel, as Sub- 
librarian, was approved in Convocation on March 9. Of the 
interest which he took in his work, of his qualifications for it, and 
of the advantages which the bibliographical world has derived from 
it, his Typographical Gazetteer and List of Editions of the English 
Bible, afford abundant testimony 1 . He remained in the Library 
eight years, quitting it when his friend Dr. Laurence, on his 
appointment to the Archbishopric of Cashel, carried him with 
himself to Ireland. 

During his continuance in the Library, a descriptive Catalogue 
of the Editiones principes and Incunabula was projected by him 
and Dr. Bandinel; but only one specimen page in octavo was 
printed, of which a copy has been preserved by Dr. Bliss, with his 
set of the annual catalogues. 

Alex. Nicoll, M.A., of Balliol College (a native of Aberdeen), was 
appointed Sub-librarian at the early age of twenty-one ; the nomina- 
tion was approved in Convocation on April 27. He at once devoted 
himself to the study of Oriental languages, and became a proficient 
in Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Syriac, ^Ethiopic, and Sanscrit. His 
facility in acquiring languages must have been truly marvellous, 

1 In a clever and amusing little squib of four pages, which he printed anonymously 
in 1819, and which is preserved in the Library-collection of University papers, pro- 
fessing to be a ' Syllabus ' of treatises on academic matters, to be printed at the 
University Press in not more than thirty vols., elephant quarto, Mr. Cotton satirized 
himself and his colleagues, doubtless with the more readiness because with no reason. 
'21. De Bibliothecario et ejus adjutoribus. Captain. What are you about, Dick? 
Dick. Nothing, sir. Captain. Tom, what are you doing? Tom. Helping Dick, 
sir.' Treatise 24 has for its title the few but emphatic words, ' De Dodd.' Lest 
some future delver in Oxford antiquities should be lost in a maze of conjectures as 
to the personality and history of this worthy, so evidently then well known, let it 
here be told that Dodd was the Clerk of the Schools. 



-i8is BODLEIAN LIBRAR}'. 221 

for, in addition to these Eastern tongues, and although his death 
occurred at the early age of thirty-six, it is said that ' he spoke and 
wrote with ease and accuracy, French, Italian, German, Danish, 
Swedish, and Romaic.' In 1822 he was, much to his own 
surprise, appointed, at the age of twenty-nine, to the Regius Pro- 
fessorship of Hebrew, by Lord Liverpool, on the recommendation 
of Dr. Laurence, who vacated that post in consequence of his 
appointment to the see of Cashel. Nicoll held the Professorship 
for only seven years, dying on Sept. 24, 1828. The records of 
his labours in the Bodleian are found in the Catalogue of Clarke's 
Oriental MSS. noticed under the year 1809, and in his second part 
of the General Catalogue of Oriental MSS., published in 1821, q. v. 
The total receipts and expenditure of the Library were for the 
first time fully stated in the annual accounts. Hitherto the prac- 
tice had been to omit the Bodley endowment and the Crewe 
benefaction, &c, which were devoted to salaries, repairs and other 
ordinary expenses (including also the occasional purchase of 
MSS.), and only to report the amount received from University 
fees and expended on printed books and incidental charges. 

A.D. 1815. 

Cedunt arma toga! The effect which the cessation of the 
war produced, in diverting to quiet academic channels the stream 
of youth which hitherto had flowed in the turbid currents of con- 
tinental strife, is shown by the large increase of the Library 
receipts derived from matriculation fees. These, which previously 
fell below (and often far below) 250, rose in 1814, on the 
first sign of peace, to 424, and in this year, on its final establish- 
ment, to 633. 

In January, Mr. John Calcott, of Lincoln College (B.A. 1814, 
M.A. 1816, B.D. 1825; Fellow of Line.; deceased 1864) was 
appointed Minister in the room of Mr. Francis Thurland, of NVu 



222 ANNALS OF THE 1815- 

College, resigned. Mr. Calcott, however, only held the office for 
one year, being succeeded, in Feb. 1816, by Mr. Sam. Fenton, of 
Jesus College (B.A. 1818, M.A., Ch. Ch. 1821). 



A.D. 1816. 

A very important MS., with relation to Scottish history, was 
placed in the Library on Dec. 5, in this year. It is a transcript 
(from the originals,) by Col. J. Hooke, agent in Scotland for James 
II 1 , of all his political correspondence between the beginning of 
the year 1704 and the end of 1707. It forms two folio volumes, 
but is unfinished, as the second volume ends with the commence- 
ment of a letter from James Ogilvie, of Boyn, to M. de Torcy, 
Dec. 26, 1 707. A brief narrative of Hooke's negotiations, which con- 
tains copies of a few of the letters here given, was published in 
France, in the French language, and a translation was printed in 
a small volume at Dublin in 1760; but the great mass of the 
correspondence is as yet inedited. The volumes came to the 
Library in pursuance of a bequest from the Rev. J. Tickell, Rector 
of Gawsworth, Cheshire and East Mersea, Essex, who died at 
Wargrave, Berks, July 3, 1802. The bequest was to take effect 
upon the death of his wife, which occurred towards the close 
of i8i6 2 . 

The Curators reported, at the end of the annual list, that con- 
siderable progress had been made towards the formation of a new 
general Catalogue. Further progress was reported in the follow- 
ing year; in which year also Dibdin 3 announced that the Cata- 
logue would be finished, in four folio volumes, by Messrs. Bandinel 

1 Hooke in 1685 was one of the Chaplains attending Monmouth in his rebellion ! 
Lockbart Papers, 1817, vol. i. p. 148. 

'-' Gent. Magaz. vol. Ixxv. ii. 569. Bibliogr. Decani, iii. 429. 



-i8i7 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 223 

and Cotton under the superintendence of Professor Gaisford 1 . 
He adds, ' The Prince Regent hath munificently given a con- 
siderable sum towards the completion of these glorious labours.' 
There is no record in the annual accounts of any such donation ; 
but in 1823 and 1824 payments amounting to 420 were made 
to the Librarian, Sub-librarians, and Assistant, for their work on 
the new Catalogue 2 , out of 'the Prince Regent's benefaction.' 
On the proposition of the Chancellor, Lord Grenville, in 1814, 
Mr. Vansittart, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, had expressed 
his willingness to apply to Parliament for a grant of 5000 for 
the purpose; probably this idea was abandoned for the more 
easily practicable one of a grant from the Privy Purse. 

Four Greek MSS. were presented in this year by Rev. 

Hall, Chaplain at Leghorn 3 ; a copy of Lucan's Pharsalia, with 
MSS. collations by Joseph Addison, by the Warden of Merton 
College; and a large collection of books in Oriental literature, 
printed in Bengal, by the East India Company. 

A.D. 1817. 

The large Canonici collection of MSS. was obtained from 
Venice in this year, for the sum of 5444, a purchase unpre- 
cedented in greatness in the history of the Library 4 . The col- 
lection was formed by Matheo Luigi Canonici, a Venetian Jesuit, 
who was born in 1727 and died in Sept. 1805 or 1806. Inde- 
fatigable in his passion for antiquities, he first formed a Museum 

1 Portions of the Letters A F and P which had been thus prepared were sub- 
sequently printed, but the whole work was then for some years suspended, and 
"afterwards commenced de novo. And nearly thirty years elapsed before it was 
finally completed. 

" Previous grants amounting to 260, had been made in 1820. 

3 Three of these are described in Mr. Coxe's Catalogue, cols. 812-14. 

4 The money was raised by loans of 2000 from the Radcliffe Trustees and 
>(>J4 from the I'niverMty Hankers. They were both repaid b\ tlu- \.-ji 



224 ANNALS OF THE 1817- 

of statues and of medals at Parma, but, in consequence of the 
Jesuits being expelled from the State, this was sold to the govern- 
ment. He then at Bologna set himself to collect religious objects 
of interest, and had succeeded to some extent, when the rector 
of his society observed to him that such a collection was little 
suitable to a poor monk, and he consequently disposed of it to a 
Roman prince. Finally, at Venice, he commenced the gathering 
of a library, in which it is said, as one evidence of its extent, 
there were more than four thousand Bibles written in fifty-two 
languages l . 

The MSS. purchased by the Bodleian amount in number to 
about 2045. Dibdin, almost immediately upon the acquisition, 
noticed it thus 2 : 

'They have recently acquired a very curious and valuable col- 
lection of MSS., which formerly belonged to an ex-Jesuit Abbe", 
who intended (had he lived to have seen the restoration of the 
order of the Jesuits) to have presented them to the Jesuits' College 
at Venice. Neither pains nor expense were spared among his 
brethren, in all parts of the world, to make the collection, on that 
account, as perfect as possible.' 

In Greek there are 128 volumes, chiefly of the fifteenth and six- 
teenth centuries, with a few of earlier date, including two Evange- 
listaria assigned by Montfaucon to the ninth century. Of Latin clas- 
sical authors and Mediaeval poets there are 311 volumes ; some of 
those of the former class are of great age and value, notably a Virgil 
of the tenth century (No. 50). Ninety-three MSS. form the class of 
Latin Bibles; the finest of these are, one written in 1178 for the 
church of SS. Mary and Pancras in Ranshoven, and another, in five 
very large folio volumes, written and illuminated in France, in the 

1 De Backer's Bibliolheqiie des ecrlvains de In comp. t'e Jt'siis ; quatr. s^rie, p. 93. 
8vo. Liege, i8;S. * liiblh^r. T.ecam. iii. 429. 



i8i7 BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 225 

years 1507-1511. Of Latin ecclesiastical writers and Fathers 
there are 232 volumes; and of Latin miscellanies (chiefly in 
medicine, philosophy and science, theology, and belles let ires, with 
scarcely anything of an historical character), 576 volumes. Of all 
these classes a catalogue was published by Mr. Coxe in 1854, 
forming part iii. of the new general Catalogue of MSS. 

Another division consists of Liturgical books. In this class there 
are now 400 volumes, but about 130 of these were added from 
the Rawlinson collection. They consist chiefly of Horce, Brevia- 
ries, Missals, and Psalters, with a few other service-books; most 
of those which belonged to Canonici being ' secundum usum 
Romanum.' No catalogue of this series has, as yet, been made. 

A sixth division comprehends 300 Italian MSS. (including five 
in Spanish) of which a very elaborate catalogue was compiled, as 
a labour of love, by the Count Alessandro Mortara, during the 
years of his stay in Oxford 1 . His MS. was bought after his death 
from his executor the Abate Giuseppe Manuzzi, of Florence, for 
201, in the year 1858; it was afterwards put to press under 
the care of the accomplished Italian scholar, and intimate friend 
of Count Morlara, Dr. H. Wellesley, the late Principal of New Inn 
Hall, and appeared, with an Italian preface by him giving some 
account of the whole collection, in one volume quarto (158 pages,) 
in 1864. 

The last portion of the collection consists of 135 Oriental 
MSS., chiefly valuable Hebrew books on vellum. One of these 
(No. 78) is a copy of Maimonides' Commentary on the Law, in 
fourteen books, which is dated 1366. Seven of the Biblical 
volumes are noticed in De Rossi's Varice Lectiones Veteris Testa- 
vunti. The few Arabic MSS. are described in Dr. Pusey's Con- 
tinuation of Nicol's Catalogue. 

1 See under the year 1852. 



226 ANNALS OF THE 1817- 

A curious story of the recovery, amidst these books, of some 
leaves belonging to a printed vellum Bible already in the Library, 
will be found related under the year 1750. A few other MSS. 
from Canonici's library were sold by auction, with some from 
Saibante's, in London, in 1821. And many relating to Italian 
and Venetian history, which were at first retained by one of the 
heirs, passed afterwards into the hands of the Rev. Walter Sneyd, 
of Baginton, Warwickshire, their present possessor. A MS. 
volume of notices of the Canonici library, drawn up by Signer 
Lorenzi, of Venice, was bought by the Bodleian, in 1 859, for ten 
guineas 1 . 

A MS. of Suidas, of the fifteenth century, was purchased for 
220 i os. Another acquisition was a French translation, made 
in 1417, by Laurens de Preme, of the Ethics, Politics, &c, of 
Aristotle 2 . Some specimens of the Javanese language were given 
by Capt. L. H. Davy. 

Among printed books, the most noticeable purchase (besides 
the Edd. Pr. of Livy, 146.9, Lactantius, 1465, &c.) was that of a 
vellum copy of the first edition of the Hebrew Pentateuch, printed 
at Bologna in 1482, for 17 \QS. Some sets of controversial and 
political tracts, with other books, which had belonged to Thomas 

1 The first MSS. of Dante which the Library possessed, came in the Canonici 
collection ; they are in number fifteen. This fact is worth mentioning, on account 
of an extraordinary story told by Girolamo Gigli, in his Vocabolario Cateriniano, p. 
cciii. (a book the printing of which was commenced at Rome in 1717, but which was 
suppressed, by bull, before completion), that in the Bodleian Library at ' Osfolk,' 
there was a MS. of the Divina Commedia, which, from being employed in enveloping a 
consignment of cheese (and so imported into England by a mode of conveyance said 
to have been usually adopted by Florentine merchants, with a view of spreading at 
once a knowledge of their luxuries and their literature), had become so saturated 
with a caseous savour as to require the constant guardianship of two traps to pro- 
tect it from the voracity of mice. Hence, according to this marvellous travellers' 
story, the MS. went by the name of Tbe Book of the Mousetrap ! (See Notes and 
Queries, i. 154.) a Bodl. MS. 965. 



-i8i8 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 227 

Brande Hollis and Dr. John Disney, were bought at the sale of 
the library of the latter. 

A.D. 1818. 

A return was made to the House of Commons of such books 
received since 1814, in pursuance of the Copyright Act, from 
Stationers' Hall, as it had not been deemed necessary to place 
in the Library. The list is but a trifling one, consisting chiefly 
of school-books and anonymous novels, with music; but, never- 
theless, it is sufficient to show the great need of caution in 
rejecting any books excepting such as are of the simplest 
elementary character, and the advantage of erring rather on the 
side of inclusiveness than exclusiveness. Miss Edgeworth's 
Parents Assistant, Mrs. H. More's Sacred Dramas, Mrs. Opie's 
Simple Tales, and an edition of Ossian, were all consigned to 
the limbo of ' rubbish.' But the Cambridge Return (which is 
much more detailed than that from Oxford 1 ) shows a recklessness 
of rejection which speaks little for the judgment of the Librarians 
for the time being. Besides school-books and music, a large 
number of pamphlets figure in the list, including some by Chalmers 
and Cobbett ; the Theology includes Owen's History of the Bible 
Society ; the History includes Memoirs of Oliver Cromwell and his 
Children; the Poetry, Byron's Siege of Corinth, L. Hunt's Story 
of Rimini, and Wordsworth's Thanksgiving Ode; and the Novels, 
[Peacock's] Headlong Hall, one by Mrs. Opie, and The Antiquary ! 
The far wiser plan is now carried out in the Bodleian of rejecting 
nothing ; even the elementary works that do not need entering 
in the Catalogue, are so kept that access can be had to them at 
all times and examination made; and the music is from time to 
time sorted and bound. And this plan was commenced in the 

1 The minuteness of specification is such that ' Turner's Real Japan Blacking, a 
Label ' is duly entered. 

Q 2 



228 ANNALS OF THE 1818- 

year of which we are writing ; for, (in consequence, of course, of 
this return being called for by the House of Commons,) the 
Curators ordered, on May 27, that all publications sent from 
Stationers' Hall should in future be entered and preserved. 

A very valuable and curious series of original editions of Latin 
and German tracts, issued by the German Reformers between 
1518 and 1550, in eighty-four volumes, was bought for 95 15^. 
Additions have been made to this collection at various times 
subsequently, so that now it probably comprises as complete a 
gathering of these controversial publications, so easily lost or 
destroyed from their small extent and often ephemeral character, 
as can anywhere be found. A kindred collection (although not 
of like value or interest) was obtained through the gift by Mr. A. 
Miiller, a well-known bookseller at Amsterdam, of a series of 
tracts, in sixty-two volumes, and chiefly in the Dutch language, on 
the controversy with the Remonstrants in 1618-19. A MS. Cata- 
logue, by Mr. Miiller, dated March 3, is kept in the Librarian's 
study. Besides the books, Mr. Muller gave a few coins, including 
one struck on leather during the siege of Leyden in 1574, and 
some natural curiosities, which latter are now preserved in the 
New Museum. A black negro baby, preserved in spirits (!) has, 
however, unaccountably disappeared ; let us hope it was decently 
buried. Seventeen panes of painted glass, probably by disciples 
of Crabeth, who painted the windows in the Church of Gouda, 
also formed part of this very miscellaneous donation ; these, most 
probably, are included among the curious fragments which 
decorate some of the Library windows. 

Six Persian MSS. were given by the late venerable Principal 
of Magdalen Hall, and Lord Almoner's Reader in Arabic, Dr. 
Macbride. The signature of this gentleman, who has only been 
removed by death while these sheets have been passing through 
the press, occurs in the Admission-book of the last century, 






-i 8zo BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 229 

as having been admitted to read in the Library, while still an 
undergraduate of Exeter College, on May 10, 1797. 

Alderman Fletcher's illustrated copy of Gulch's Wood. See under 
1610. 

Mr. John Walker, Queen's College (B.A. 1820; Chaplain of New 
College, M.A., 1823), succeeded Mr. Fenton as minister in July. 

A.D. 1819. 

A copy of the extremely rare Polish version of the Bible, made 
by the Socinians at the expense of Prince Nicholas Radzivil, and 
printed in 1563, was bought for 45*; and a folio Psalter, printed 
by Fust and Schoeffer in 1459, (finished Aug. 29), on vellum, for 
70. The second vellum printed book in the Library is a copy 
of Durandus' Rationale, printed by the same printers in the same 
year, but completed on Oct. 6. This was bought in 1790 for 
80 IO.T. Large additions were made to the collection of Aldines. 

The name of Lady Hester Stanhope occurs among the bene- 
factors as presenting an Arabic MS. of the Romance of Antar, 
in thirty volumes. 

A.D. 1820. 

From Messrs. Payne and Foss was bought, for 150, the 
famous MS. of the Greek New Testament called, from its former 
possessor, the ' Codex Ebnerianus.' It is a small quarto, con- 
taining 425 leaves of fine vellum, in excellent condition and well 
written, and ornamented with eleven rich paintings, besides occa- 
sional arabesque borders, &c. It comprehends all the books of 
the New Testament except the Apocalypse, and is assigned in 
date to the twelfth or thirteenth century. The former owner, 
whose name it perpetuates, Jerome William Ebner von Eschen- 
bach, of Nuremberg, obtained it, it is said, when first brought 

1 The rarity of this edition was caused by its being bought up and dcstn>\ 
the sons of Prince Radzivil. 



2 3 o ANNALS OF THE 1820- 

from the East ' ex singular! Numinis providentia.' While in his 
possession, a small descriptive volume, comprising forty-four 
pages and an engraved facsimile, was published by Conrad 
Schoenleben, under the title of Notilia egregii codicis Greed 
Novi Testamenti manuscripli, &c. 4. Norib. 1738. This was 
incorporated by De Murr in his Memorabilia Bibliothecarum 
publicarum Norimbergensium, published in 1788, part ii. p. 100, 
who added thirteen well-engraved plates of the illuminations, 
binding and text. It was formerly bound in leather-covered 
boards, ornamented with gold, with five silver-gilt stars on the 
sides, and fastened with four silver clasps. This cover being 
much decayed, Ebner cased the volume in a most costly binding 
of pure silver, preserving the silver stars, and affixing on the 
outside a beautiful ivory figure (coaeval with the MS.) of our 
Saviour, throned, and in the attitude of benediction. Above the 
figure, Ebner engraved an inscription in Greek characters, corre- 
sponding to the style of the MS., praying for a blessing upon 
himself and his family. 

A MS. of Terence, of the eleventh or twelfth century, which 
also belonged to Ebner, was bought from Payne and Foss, at 
the same time, for ten guineas. It is described in De Murr, 
ubi supra, pp. 135-7- 

Fifty Greek manuscripts were bought for 500, which had 
formerly been in the possession of Giovanni Saibante, of Verona. 
The library of this collector is noticed in Scipio Maffei's Verona 
Illustrata (fol. 1731), part ii. col. 48'. The MSS. purchased 
by the Library are described in Mr. Coxe's Catalogue, cols. 
774-808. 

1 Some MSS. which had belonged to Saibante, together with some of the Abate 
Canonici's collection, which had been brought to England by the Abate Celotti, 
were sold by auction, in London, in 1821. The sale of a further portion, which had 
passed into the hands of P. de' Gianfilippi (also of Verona), took place at Paris 
in January, 1843. 



-J82i BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 231 

A collection of Arabic tracts and papers, which had formerly 
belonged to Dr. Kennicott, was given by Shute Harrington, Bishop 
of Durham. 

A.D. 1821. 

The great event of this year was the reception of the famous 
and extensive collection of English dramatic literature and early 
poetry, formed by Edmund Malone 1 . It was bequeathed by him 
on his decease (May 25, 1812) to his brother, Lord Sunderlin, 
with the expression of a wish that, if not retained as an heirloom 
in the family, it should be deposited in some public library. In 
fulfilment of this wish, Lord Sunderlin communicated to the 
University, in 1815, his intention to transfer the collection to the 
Bodleian so soon as Mr. James Boswell, to whom it was en- 
trusted in order to assist him in the preparation of a new edition 
of Malone's Shakespeare, should have finished his use of it. 
That edition being at length issued in 1821, the library was sent 
to Oxford in the same year. The character of the collection is 
too well known to need description ; suffice it to say that it contains 
upwards of 800 volumes, of which by far the greater number are 
distinguished by their rarity. There are first quartos of many of 
Shakespeare's plays, and second editions of others ' 2 ; of his col- 
lected works there are both the first and second folios. Barnfield, 
Beaumont and Fletcher, Chapman, Decker, Greene, Heywood, 
Ben Jonson, Lodge, Massinger, Rich. Taylor the water-poet, and 
Whetstone are amongst those who are most fully represented. 
There are also a few MSS. A Catalogue of the collection, in 
folio (52 pp.), with a life of Malone by Boswell (previously printed 
in Gen/. Magaz. and Nichol's Lit. Hist.), was published in 1836; 

1 Malone was the son of an Irish Judge. He was born in Dublin, Oct. 4, 1741, 
was educated at Trin. Coll. Dublin, where he took the degree of M.A., and became 
a barrister, but soon retired from legal practice. 

3 For notices of the purchase of several early quartos, wanting in this series, see 
1834. 



232 ANNALS OF THE 1821 

and, in 1861, Mr. J. O. Halliwell printed fifty-one copies of a small 
Hand-list of the early English literature preserved in it. Various 
volumes of Malone's own MSS. collections have been subsequently 
added by purchase; viz. in 1836 some papers relating to the life 
and writings of Pope; in 1838, his collections for the last edition 
of his Shakespeare and for the illustration of ancient manners, 
together with a portion of his literary correspondence; in 1851 a 
volume of letters written to him by Bishop Percy, between 1783 
and 1807; in 1858 three octavo volumes of collections made by 
him at Oxford; and in 1864 a volume of letters to him from 
Dr. Johnson, Mrs. Siddons, and others. A large series of pam- 
phlets, chiefly relating to Irish history and to literary matters, 
comprised in seventy-five volumes, was also purchased in 1838*. 
Almost all his books are uniformly bound in half-calf, with 
' E. M.' in an interlaced monogram on the back ; a very few have a 
book-plate consisting of his coat-of-arms within a square of books, 
with the inscription (in imitation of Grolier's) 'Edm. Malone et 
amicorum,' and a motto from the Menagiana. 

A curious instance of the variableness and uncertainty of the 
prices of books is afforded by the purchase-list of this year, when 
contrasted with prices paid at the present time. A copy (wanting 
the preliminary leaves and a few others) of one of the Antwerp 
editions of Tyndale's New Test, in 1534, (which had belonged to 
Mr. Benj. Ibott, and is mentioned in Herbert's Ames, vol. iii. 
P- 1543) was bought for nineteen shillings; Mr. Stevens in 1855 
priced another imperfect copy at fifteen guineas. But, on the 
other hand, .63 were given in this year for the rare Ed. Pr. of 
Virgil, printed by Sweynheim and Pannartz in 1469*. A somewhat 

1 These are now incorporated with the large collection called Godwyn Pamphlets. 
A copy of Wood's Atb. Oxon. with MSS. notes by Malone, was given by Mr. B. 
H. Bright in 1835. 

2 Various other editt. prlnc, were bought in this year, with some Aldines. Also a 
collection of modern Greek works printed at Venice. 



1 82 1 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 233 

similar instance occurred also in 1826, when Daye's edition of 
the Apocrypha, printed in 1549 (being vol. iv. of his edition of 
the Bible in that year), was obtained for fifteen shillings, while 
73 ioj. were paid for an edition of Virgil printed at Venice 
about 1473. 

The very rare German Bible, printed at Strasburgh about 1466, 
was bought for 42, and a perfect copy of the first edition of the 
Bishops' Bible, in 1568, for seven guineas 1 . A volume of interest 
in typographical history was presented, in the first book printed 
in New South Wales. It is entitled Michael Howe, the last and 
worst of the Bush Rangers of Van Dieman's Land ; narr alive of 
the chief atrocities committed by this great murderer and his associates 
during a period of six years in Van Dieman's Land : it extends to 
thirty-six small octavo pages, and was printed at Hobart Town, 
by Andrew Bent, in Dec., i8i8 2 . 

The Catalogue of the Oriental MSS., commenced in the year 
1787 by Uri, was continued in this year by the publication by 
Mr. Nicoll of the first part of a second volume, containing notices 
of 234 additional Arabic MSS. His premature death occurred 
before the publication of the second part, which he had printed as 
far as p. 388 ; this was completed and edited (with nine litho- 
graphic plates of specimens of Arabic MSS.) by his successor in 
the Hebrew Professorship, Dr. Pusey, in 1835. It contains alto- 
gether descriptions of 296 Arabic volumes, together with copious 
additions by Dr. Pusey to Uri's first portion, which are noticed 
above, p. 199. 

1 Offer's copy sold for 4! ; Lea Wilson's for 6 1 10*. 

* The present writer has in his possession an early newspaper printed in New 
Zealand, the Auckland Times, No. 41, for Apr. 6, 1843, not merely curious in 
relation to the history of the colony, but also as a typographical relic. Its 
crowning interest is to be found in its colophon (if such a classical word may be 
applied to the imprint of a newspaper), which states that it was ' Printed in a 
mangle.' 



234 ANNALS OF THE 1821- 

The Parish Registers of Newington, Kent, and of Bures, in 
Suffolk, which had come into the Library among Dr. Rawlinson's 
books, were restored to their respective parishes by a decree sub- 
mitted to Convocation on Nov. 9. In the Register of Convocation 
itself, by a singular omission, no mention of the former of these 
parish books is made (although included in the proposal), and the 
restoration of that of Bures is alone recorded. But by enquiry 
addressed to the Vicar of Newington, it has been ascertained that 
one of the Registers contains a memorandum of its having been 
returned by vote of Convocation on the day in question. 

By a vote of Convocation on July 7, the rooms on the first floor 
of the Schools' quadrangle, which were formerly used as the 
Hebrew and Greek Schools, were assigned to the Library; the 
former (on the south side) now contains, in two rooms, the Bodley, 
Laud, and other collections of MSS. ; the latter (on the north 
side), also in two rooms, the foreign and English periodicals 1 . 

On May 25, a plan for warming the Library was, for the first 
time, adopted. It consisted in introducing hot air simply at two 
small gratings at one end of the Library, from pipes communi- 
cating with a stove placed (with the consent of Exeter College) 
where the furnace of the present apparatus is situated, in the wall 
between the north-west corner of the Library and the Ashmolean 
Museum. As a means of warming the Library generally the 
system was wholly ineffectual, no benefit being experienced except 
by those who remained in the immediate vicinity of the gratings. 
It remained, however, in use until 1845, when pipes were laid 
down through a considerable part of the Library for the purpose 
of warming it by steam. This plan, however, did not give satis- 
faction, either on the ground of safety or of effectiveness. In 1855 
Mr. Braidwood, the late distinguished head of the London Fire 

1 In Lascelles' Account of Oxford, published in this year, it is said that the printed 
books in the Library were computed at 160,000, and the MSS. at 30,000. 



-i823 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 235 

Brigade, was brought down to survey the apparatus and to 
examine generally how the Library could best be secured against 
fire ; and, by his advice and that of Mr. G. G. Scott, the pipes were 
enclosed in slate casings, so as effectually to hinder contact with 
any inflammable materials, and two fire-proof iron doors were 
inserted at the entrances to the great Reading-room, in order to 
cut it off from the rest of the building 1 . But in 1861 steam 
was discarded for the safer and more effectual system, now 
in use, of warming by hot water ; new pipes (cased in slate) were 
laid down by Messrs. Haden and Son, and were carried through 
the Examination Schools on the ground-floor of the quadrangle, 
as well as through the Library. 

In Feb. Mr. J. P. Roberts, New College (B.A. 1821, M.A. 1826, 
now Minor Canon of Chichester) was appointed minister, vice Mr. 
P. Barrett, Wadham College (B.A. 1828); and Mr. Robert Eden, 
of St. John's College (Corp. Chr. Coll. B.A. 1825, M.A. 1827, 
now Vicar of Wymondham, Norfolk), was appointed vice Walker. 
From this time there appear to have been two assistants, although 
it was not until 1837 that that number was formally allowed by 
Statute. 

A.D. 1822. 

In July, the Rev. Dr. Bliss returned to the Library as Sub- 
librarian, in the room of Mr. Nicoll, appointed Regius Professor of 
Hebrew. And in October the Rev. Rich. French Laurence, M.A., 
of Pembroke College, succeeded Dr. Cotton, who quitted Oxford 
for Ireland. 

' Tuesday, August 6, 1822, I was at the Library the whole day, 
and not a single member of the University came into the room, 
excepting Mr. Eden, the assistant. Oxford race-day.' This note 

1 Mr. Braidwood's report was printed in 1856, together with one from Mr. Scott, 
on the extension of the Library, and the means of rendering it fire-proof. 



236 ANNALS OF THE 1822- 

occurs in vol. x. of Dr. Bliss's MS. antiquarian and miscellaneous 
memoranda. Considering that the time of the year was well-nigh 
the middle of the Long Vacation, it does not seem surprising that 
on one day there should have been no academic readers in the 
Library, even if there may have been academic riders on the 
race-course. The two occurrences have so little correspondence 
with each other that one would hope that the zealous Sub-librarian 
(who has deemed the same want of readers worth commemorating 
also in another note) assigned non causa pro causa. 

A.D. 1823. 

By the exertions of the brothers J. S. and P. B. Duncan, Esqs., 
Fellows of New College, distinguished for their efforts to promote 
the study of the Arts and Sciences in the University, a subscription- 
fund was raised for the purpose of adorning the Picture Gallery 
with plaster models of some of the finest buildings of Greek and 
Roman antiquity. The result was that in the present year the 
following series, by Fouquet, of Paris, was placed in the Gallery, 
at a total cost of about 400: The Arch of Constantine, the 
Parthenon, the Temple of the Sybil at Tivoli, the Maison Carrce 
at Nismes, the Erechtheum and Lantern of Demosthenes at 
Athens, the Theatre of Herculaneum, and the Temple of Fortuna 
Virilis at Rome. 

A large number of works by foreign authors, chiefly theological, 
was bought (for 375) at the sale at Ley den of the library of 
Jonas Wilh. Te Water, professor of Eccl. Hist, in that University. 
A separate catalogue, occupying twenty-three folio pages, was 
issued of these books. 

Mr. E. P. New, of St. John's College (B.A. 1822, M.A. 1825, 
B.D. 1831), was appointed in December to assist in the com- 
pilation of the new Catalogue ; but how long he remained in 
the Library does not appear. 



-i 824 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 237 



A.D. 1824. 

A collection of valuable original papers relating to affairs in 
Church and State, which had belonged to Archbishop Sheldon, 
were sold by his great-nephew, Sir John English Dolben, of 
Finedon, Northamptonshire, to the Library for 40 5-r. They are 
now bound in six volumes, of which three are lettered Sheldon, 
and three Dolben. Of the first three, two contain letters from 
English, Welsh, Scotch and Irish Bishops, and the contents of 
the other are miscellaneous ; of the second three, one contains 
miscellaneous letters and papers commencing at 1585, another 
has similar papers from 1626 to 1721, and the third contains 
miscellaneous ecclesiastical letters and documents. Some of the 
letters are addressed to the Archbishop's secretary, Miles Smyth, 
Esq. A short letter from Sir John Dolben to Dr. Bandinel, relating 
to his disposal of these papers, dated Oct. 12, 1824, is preserved in 
Bodl. MS. Addit. ii. A. 32. He had previously given, in 1822, a 
fine copy of a quarto Bible which had belonged to Sheldon, con- 
taining (i) the Prayer-Book and Metrical Psalms, printed at Cam- 
bridge in 1638, (2) the Old Test., printed by Field at London in 
1648, and (3) the New Test., Cambr. 1637. At the end are some 
memoranda by the Archbishop of the births, baptisms, and deaths 
of members of the Sheldon and Okeover families, and of the 
legitimate children of Charles II and the Duke of York. The 
Library more than a century before had received benefactions from 
a member of the same family of Dolben; Gilbert Dolben, of 
Finedon, having given some printed books in 1697, together with 
a manuscript of Gower. And twenty vols. of Chamberlainc's Slate 
of Great Britain were given by Mr. J. E. Dolben in 1796. An 
additional volume of the Sheldon correspondence was given to 
the Library in 1840, by Dr. Routh, the President of Magdalen 



238 ANNALS OF THE 1824- 

College. It is a copy-book of business-letters written by the 
Archbishop. In a note to Dr. Bandinel which accompanied the 
gift, and which is now fixed in vol. i. of Burnet's autograph copy 
of his Own Times, Dr. Routh says : 

' The President takes the opportunity of sending a volume 
containing the first draught of letters sent by Archbp. Sheldon 
to different persons, together with a few other contemporary 
papers. They were put into the President's hands by the late 
Sir John English Dolben, and as the University purchased of that 
gentleman what were commonly called the Sheldon Papers, he 
thinks they cannot be deposited anywhere more suitably than in 
the Bodleian Library.' 

To the annual catalogue for this year was attached a special 
list, filling thirty-two folio pages, of the books (upwards of 1500 
in number) which were bought at the Hague, at the sale of the 
library collected by the distinguished Dutch scholars and lawyers, 
Gerard and John Meerman. The sale-catalogue is a volume of 
more than 1200 pages. The books bought for the Library were 
chiefly such as supplied deficiencies in foreign history and law, 
together with some Greek 1 and Latin MSS., for the most part 
patristic and classical. The sum expended was .925. Some 
rare Spanish historical books (in which class of literature, thanks 
to Dr. Bandinel's care in keeping it steadily in view, the Library 
is now very rich) were bought at the sale of Don J. Ant. Conde. 

But the chief distinction of this year lies in the acquisition, by 
bequest of Mrs. Elizabeth Dennis Denyer (widow of Mr. John 
Denyer, of Chelsea, who died in 1806) of a most valuable 
collection of early editions of the English Bible, numbering 
altogether about twenty-five. To show the rarity and worth 

1 These, in number thirty-eight, are described in Mr. Coxe's Catalogue, cols. 
724-773' An eighth-century copy of Eusebius' Chronicon is among the Latin MSS. 



-1825 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 239 

of this collection, it will be sufficient to mention but a few of 
the volumes which it contains. Imprimis, Coverdale's first edition, 
I535S and his second edition, 1537; Cranmer's, in April, 
1540 and in 1541, and by Grafton in 1553; Matthew's, 
by Becke, in 1551 ; Tyndale's New Testament, in 1536, and 
another of his earliest editions; Hollybush's English and Latin 
Testament, 1538, and Erasmus' Testament, 1540. Besides the 
Biblical collection, Mrs. Denyer also bequeathed twenty-one 
English theological works, nearly all printed before 1600; in- 
cluding a beautiful copy of Fisher on the Penitential Psalms (by 
Wynkyn de Worde) and books by (amongst others) Bale, Bonner, 
Brightwell, Erasmus, Hooper, Joye, and Tonstall. 

Mr. L. E. Judge, New College (B.A. 1827, M.A. 1830; Chap- 
lain; deceased 1853), succeeded Mr. Roberts, in March, as as- 
sistant ; but in July of the next year retired, and was succeeded 
by Mr. W. Bailey, also of New College (B.A. 1829). 

A.D. 1825. 

The sale at Paris of the library of L. M. Langles, the keeper 
of the Oriental MSS. in the Bibl. Royale, afforded a large acces- 
sion of books in that branch of literature which was his specialty. 

Mr. Sim. J. Etty, New College (B.A. 1829, M.A. 1832, now 
Vicar of Wanborough, Wilts), was appointed assistant in the room 
of Mr. Eden. Mr. Etty remained in the Library until the year 
1834. The Catalogue of Dissertations Academics, which appeared 
in 1832, was in a great measure his work. 

1 Wanting title and map. A title had been supplied by Mrs. Denyer, who in 
several instances had supplied deficiencies very successfully in pen and ink ; a perfect 
facsimile, however, by Mr. J. Harris, which might pass for the original, were not 
the minute mark ' Fs. T. H.' seen on the back of the page, has since been sub- 
stituted. It is a marvel of caligraphic skill. Another imperfect copy came to the 
Library among Selden's books. 



2 4 o ANNALS OF THE 1825- 

Two MSS. intended of old for the Library by Sir K. Digby, 
were bought in this year. To the account of them given at 
p. 58 supra, it should be added that the library left in France by 
Digby on his death (from which, no doubt, these volumes came) 
was bought back by George, Earl of Bristol, and finally sold by 
auction at London, in April and May, 1680. Sixty-nine MSS. 
were included in this dispersion. It should further be added to 
the previous notice that it was at Laud's instance, and through 
him as Chancellor of the University, that Digby presented his 
collection to the Library. A letter from the Archbishop, which 
accompanied the gift, is printed in Wharton's collection of his 
Remains, vol. ii. p. 73- 

A.D. 1826. 

There is not much to notice in the acquisitions of this year. 
A few Persian and other Oriental MSS. were purchased, and more 
in the two following years ; and some Burmese MSS. were given 
by Sir C. Grey, Chief Justice of Calcutta. A curious volume 
of manuscript and printed papers relative to the siege of Oxford, 
1643-46, was presented by Mr. W. Hamper, of Birmingham. 
In January, the Rev. Chas. Hen. Cox, M.A., Student of Ch. Ch., 
was appointed Sub-librarian in the room of Mr. Laurence. 

A.D. 1827. 

A very large collection of Academic Dissertations published in 
Germany, amounting to about 43,400, was bought at Altona for 
332 i6s. Of these a folio catalogue was published in 1834, 
which, by a singular error, bears on its title the date 1832, as 
the year in which this accession came to the Library. In 1828, 
1 60 volumes of the same character were added, and other large 






-i 827 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 241 

additions were made in 1836 and 1837, but particularly in 1846, 
when no fewer than 7000 were purchased 1 . 

Mr. Henry Forster, New College (B.A. 1832, M.A. 1834; 
Esquire Bedel of Divinity; deceased 1857), succeeded Mr. Bailey, 
in March, as Assistant. 

1 There is scarcely an imaginable subject in law, theology, or history, on which 
something may not be found in this vast collection. The something may often be 
meagre and superficial, but it is still oftener curious, and even in the former case it 
may be useful as pointing to sources of further information. In days of Ritual 
controversy, one party or another may be glad to know that in 1725, George Henry 
Goetz, D.D., wrote on the interesting question whether a clergyman might do duty 
in his dressing-gown, Nitm Verbi ministro toga cubicularia (Schlaffpeltze) indnto 
officio sacro defnngi liceatf Those who know what curses were invoked of old 
upon the heads of stealers of books, may be interested in hearing what one Pipping 
had to say on the subject in 1721, in his Diss. de Imprecationibus libris ascriptis ; 
while the title of Sam. Schelging's discourse in 1729, De Apparitionibus mortuorum 
vivis ex pacto factis, will have attraction for not a few. Sometimes the dryest sub- 
jects were lightened up at the close with ponderous jokes, or unexpected turns were 
given to the matter in hand; e.g. those worthy Germans who had gone to sleep at 
Jena, in 1660, during the reading of a dissertation De Jure et Potentate Parlamenti 
Britannici, by one J. A. Gerhard, (who must have taken unusual interest in the 
history of the English Rebellion,) were wakened up at the end by the discussion of 
the following novel questions in law : ' Casus ex jure private. 

'I. Titius ducit uxorem Caiam. Caia, elapso uno vel altero anno, transmutatur 
in virum. Q. an Caia haec, soluto per hanc metamorphosin matrimonio, possit 
repetere dot em ? Dist. 

'II. Sempronia, defuncto marito Maevio, nubit Titio. Msevius divina potentia 
in vitam resuscitatur mortalem. Q. an Mzvius hie, secundum vivus, uxorem 
Semproniam et bona sua repetere possit ? Aff.' 

It was usual for the friends of the candidate who defended the thesis of the Disser- 
tation (generally written for him by the Prases) to attach some complimentary letters 
or verses. In the case of those published at Upsal, the zeal of the encomiasts fre- 
quently breaks out into wild compositions in Hebrew, Greek, French, German and 
English, affording in the latter instance (and it may be in others) very curious specimens 
of the language. A laborious trifler, named P. Wettersten, compliments a friend, who 
had read at Upsal, in 1742, a dissertation by Prof. Peter Ekerman on the antiquities 
of a small town called Norkoping, with a kind of acrostic in twenty-five lines ou 
the verse, 'Nunc erit et seclfs Norcopia clara futuris,' which, starting from the centre 
of the page, may be read upwards, downwards, and in every form of mazy ir- 
regularity ; every way, in short, except the right. 



242 



ANNALS OF THE 1828- 



A.D. 1828. 

A collection of 153 Northern MSS., chiefly in the Icelandic 
and Danish languages, formed by Finn Magnusen, was purchased 
from him for ^sso 1 . A catalogue (56 pp. quarto) was published 
in the year 1832. Amongst them are many early and curious 
volumes in poetry and history. Other collections of MSS. were 
sold by the same collector to the British Museum and to the 
Advocates' Library at Edinburgh. 

A large number of Aldines were obtained at the sale of the 
collection of M. Renouard, the Aldine bibliographer, which took 
place in London, June 26-30. And the rare first edition of John 
Knox's Historie of the Church of Scotland was purchased for 
sixteen guineas. 

Some additional rooms on the second story of the Schools' 
quadrangle, on the north and east sides, which went by the names of 
the Schools of Geometry and Medicine, were permanently attached 
to the Library, by vote of Convocation, on June 5. 

On June 26, the nomination of the Rev. Stephen Reay, M.A., of 
St. Alban's Hall (afterwards B.D., and Laudian Professor of Arabic 
in 1840), as Sub-librarian in the room of Mr. C. H. Cox, was 
approved in Convocation. Mr. Reay was appointed to the charge 
of the Oriental department, his knowledge of Hebrew specially 
qualifying him for the care of the yearly increasing mass of 
Rabbinical lore. To this branch he added, and retained to the 
close of his life, the care of the ' Progress ' Room, or room con- 
taining the publications, foreign and English, which appeared in 
parts. And on Dec. 20, the Rev. John Besly, M.A., Fellow of 
Balliol (afterwards D.C.L., and Vicar of Long Ben ton, Northum- 
berland, deceased April 17, 1868, aged sixty-eight), was confirmed 
as Mr. Reay's colleague, in the place of Dr. Bliss. 

1 Some notes by G. J. Thorkelin on Northern Antiquities were bought in 1846. 



BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 243 



A.D. 1829. 

The great Hebrew collection, which at present forms so 
distinguished a feature in the contents of the Library, was virtually 
commenced in this year by the purchase, at Hamburgh (for 
2080), of the famous Oppenheimer library, consisting of up- 
wards of 5000 volumes, of which 780 are MSS 1 . Many Hebrew 
works had, it is true, come with Selden's library, in 1659; but 
little or nothing had been done since that period to advance upon 
that begmning. The additions made in this department from 
1844 up to about the year 1857, are said, in Dr. Steinschneider's 
introduction to his catalogue (col. 50), to have numbered no fewer 
than about 2100 volumes 2 . 

David Oppenheimer, Chief Rabbi at Prague, devoted more 
than half a century to the formation of his library. On his death, 
Sept. 23, 1735, it came into the possession of his son, a Rabbi 
at Hildesheim, and thence into the hands of Isaac /Seligmann at 
Hamburgh. Several catalogues were issued during this period, 
the last being one in octavo, at Hamburgh, in 1826, an index 
to which, compiled by Dr. J. Goldenthal, was printed at the 
expense of the Library in 1845. The collection would have 
. been dispersed by auction, had it not been bought en masse for 
Oxford. It possesses extreme interest and value in the eyes of 
Jewish students, insomuch that for a series of years the Library 
was -never without several foreign visitors engaged in its examina- 
tion. A very elaborate catalogue of all the printed Hebrew books 

1 One MS. which had strayed from Oppenheimer's library previously to its transfer 
to the Bodleian, was purchased and restored to its place in iS 4 ;. 

a A notice of the Oppenheimer collection, and of the other Hebrew portions of ' 
the Library is given in the preface to vol. iii. of Furst's Bibliotbeca Judaica. 8. 
Leipz. 1863, PP- 42-5I- The Catalog,,* Interpretum S. Script., by Thomas Jam, ,. 
in H>35, is here metamorphosed int.. one by Thomas Jones, in 1735. 



R 2 



244 



ANNALS OF THE i Sap- 



contained in it, and throughout the whole of the Library, was com- 
piled by Dr. M. Steinschneider during the years 1850-1860, and 
printed at Berlin, where it was published in the latter year in 
a very thick quarto volume. The book is divided into two 
parts : the first containing a description of the Biblical, Talmudical, 
liturgical and anonymous volumes; the second containing the 
works of miscellaneous authors, in the alphabetical order of their 
names. Prefixed is a brief list of the Hebrew MSS. in the 
Library, with the numbers at present attached to them, and re- 
ferences to the catalogues in which they are described. Of several 
rare books in the Oppenheimer library there are duplicate copies, 
varying in condition and ornamentation; of some there are copies 
on red, yellow, and blue paper. Distinguished amongst all is 
a copy of the Talmud, printed in 1713-28, in twenty-four folio 
volumes, entirely on vellum. ' Perhaps,' says Archdeacon Cotton, 
' this work is the grandest and most extensive vellum publication 
extant 1 .' 

Mr. Robert Bowyer, miniature painter to Queen Charlotte, who 
had devoted a considerable part of his life to the collection of 
drawings and engravings illustrating the Holy Scriptures, put 
forward a proposal for their purchase by subscription with a view 
to their being deposited in the Bodleian. Their number amounted 
to nearly seven thousand (including i 1 3 drawings by Louther- 
bourg), described as being in fine condition and of great value ; 
and they were inserted as additional illustrations in a copy 
of Macklin's folio Bible, which was enlarged thereby from its 
original extent of seven volumes to forty-five. Hence the collec- 
tion passed, and passes, under the name of Bowyer's Bible. Mr. 
Bowyer, who had spent upon it upwards of three thousand pounds, 
v proposed to dispose of it for 2500, and a committee was formed 

1 Typographical Gazetteer, p. 349. 



-1830 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



245 



in London, upon which appeared the names of many distinguished 
persons, to raise a subscription for the purpose. But upon Mr. 
Bowyer's despatching an agent to Oxford, the matter met with 
so little encouragement here, the Librarian, in particular, being 
(as Dr. Bliss has noted upon his copy of the original proposal) 
unfavourable to it, that the project fell to the ground. The 
reasons why Oxford made so little response do not appear; pro- 
bably the value set upon the collection was deemed to be greatly 
exaggerated. After the death of Mr. Bowyer (June 4, 1834, aged 
seventy-six) the Bible came into the hands of one Mrs. Parkes, 
of Golden Square, by whom it was disposed of, in 1848, in a 
lottery (together with a few other prizes) for which four thousand 
tickets were issued at one guinea each. The successful speculator 
was Mr. Saxon, a gentleman-farmer, near Shepton Mallet. In 
1852 it was in the hands of Messrs. Puttick and Simpson, the 
well-known book-auctioneers, for sale. By them it was announced 
for an auction on Feb. 26, 1853, an d was disposed of, about 
that time, to Messrs. Willis and Sotheran, the booksellers, for about 
500. Since then it has been announced for sale at Manchester. 

A.D. 1830. 

A copy of the rare edition of Luther's translation of the Bible, 
printed at Wittemberg in 1541, was bought, through Messrs. Payne 
and Foss, for fifty guineas, at the sale, in London, of the library 
of the Archdeacon de la Tour, of Hildesheim, which was said to 
have been formerly the property of the English Benedictine 
Monastery of Landspring, and which was then, it appears, in the 
possession of Mr. Solly. It contains some texts on the fly- 
leaves in the autograph, and with the signatures, of both Luther 
and Melanchthon, which seem to have been unnoticed at the time 
of the sale. A facsimile of a part of Luther's inscription is given 



246 ANNALS OF THE 1831- 

in plate xxxi. in Mr. Leigh Sotheby's Illustrations of the Hand- 
writing of Melanchthon^ '. The book is now exhibited in a glass 
case, in one of the windows of the Library. 



A.D. 1831. 

In December of this year, Viscount Kingsborough 2 presented 
a magnificent copy (being one of four which were printed on 
vellum) of his Antiquities of Mexico, or coloured facsimiles, 
executed at his expense, in seven folio volumes, of Mexican paint- 
ings and hieroglyphics preserved in the libraries of Paris, Berlin, 
Dresden, Vienna, Rome, Bologna, and Oxford (in Laud's and 
Selden's collections), together with preliminary dissertations. This 
sumptuous book is exhibited near the entrance of the library, in 
a case made expressly for its reception. 

On June 30, the nomination, as Sub-librarian, of Rev. Ernest 
Hawkins, M.A., of Balliol, afterwards Fellow of Exeter, (of late 
well-known for his labours in the cause of Missions, as Secretary 
to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel), was approved 
by Convocation. He succeeded Dr. Besly, who had taken the 
Balliol College living of Long Benton, in Northumberland. 

A.D. 1832. 

A twelfth-century MS. of Scholia on the Odyssey was purchased 
for 100. The collection of Bibles, which had during some time 
past made some slow progress, was increased by copies of various 

1 A copy of this edition, with MS. notes by Luther, Melanchthon, Bugen- 
hagen and Major, was sold to the British Museum, at Hibbert's sale in 1829, for 
267 15$.! 

2 This learned and spirited nobleman died, in 1837, in a debtors' prison in Dublin, 
where he was confined for liabilities incurred on behalf of his father, the Earl of 
Kingston. 



-i8 3 3 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 247 

early printed versions in European languages, and its further 
enlargement was steadily kept in view in succeeding years. 

Six guineas were given for copies of Servetus' treatise De Trini- 
tatis erroribus and his Dialog i de Trim/a/e, printed in 1531 and 1532, 
which are of very great rarity, in consequence of their having very 
generally shared the fate of their author. 

A.D. 1833. 

Some precious Shakespearian volumes, consisting of the Venus 
and Adonis of 1594 and 1617, the Lucrece of 1594 and 1616, with a 
subsequent edition of 1655, and the Sonnets of 1609, were pre- 
sented by the well-known collector, Mr. Thomas Caldecott, who 
had been formerly a Fellow of New College. They are now 
incorporated with the Malone collection. Several MSS. of 
Sir William Jones were presented by the brothers Augustus and 
Julius C. Hare. An interesting and large collection of tracts on 
the Roman Catholic disabilities, affairs in Ireland, &c, in forty-five 
volumes, was purchased at the sale of the library of Charles Butler, 
of Lincoln's Inn. 

An anonymous pamphlet, entitled, A Few Words on the Bodleian 
Library, appeared in this year ; its author was Sir Edmund Head, 
M.A., Merton College. The object was to urge the desirableness 
of allowing books to be borrowed from the Library, after the 
example of Cambridge. One of the arguments by which the author 
supported the proposal, viz. that College tutors were unable to 
visit the Library in term time during the hours at which it is 
open, has since been entirely removed by the attachment of the 
Radcliffe Library as a Reading-room, which remains open until 
ten o'clock at night. The pamphlet was reprinted in the Report 
of the University Commission in 1852. 



248 ANNALS OF IHE 1834 

A.D. 1834. 

Numerous purchases were made during the sale of Mr. Heber's 
library. Amongst these were some rare English tracts of the 
Reformers, Bale, Becon, Tyndal, Knox, &c ; a large and valuable 
collection of booksellers' catalogues and sale catalogues of books 
and coins between 1726 and I8I4 1 ; and a mass of some noo 
or 1200 plays, published in the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- 
turies 2 . Numerous early Shakespeare editions were also obtained ; 
inter alias, the first edition (1594) of the first part of the Contention 
betwixt the Houses of Yorke and Lancaster, for 64 ; Richard III, 
1598, 17; fourth edit, of Henry IV, 1608, 12 12s. 3 , &c. The 
greater part of the collection of editions of Horace up to the year 
1738, formed by Dr. Douglas, a collection which was used in the 
preparation of the edition published at London, by James Watson, 
in 1760, was bought for 20. It consists of twenty-seven vols. in 
folio, thirty-nine in quarto, and 248 in octavo and smaller sizes. 
Dibdin (Introd. to the Classics] says that the whole collection consisted 
of 450 editions. A Prayer-Book of 1707, with MSS. collations 
by Rev. John Lewis, of Margate, of alterations in editions between 
1549 and 1637, was bought for 8 Ss. One of the chief gems 
in the Picture Gallery was bequeathed by James Paine, Esq., being 
the portrait of his father, James Paine, the architect 4 , while instruct- 
ing his son in drawing, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. This beautiful 
picture has retained its freshness of colour far more perfectly than 

1 Another collection of sale catalogues in forty-five vols. was purchased in 1836. 

a Another collection, in twenty-eight vols., of plays chiefly dating from 1630 
to 1707, was bought, in 1842, for 6 17$. 

3 In 1837 Romeo and Juliet, printed by Smethwicke, n. d., was bought for 
g I Os.; in 1840, Richard III, 1605, for 21, and Hamlet, 1611, for 10 los. ; 
and in 1841 the first edit. 1595, of part iii. of Henry VI. was bought at Chalmers' 
sale for 131 1 

* Mr. Paine died in France in 1 789, aged 73 years. The picture was painted 
by Reynolds in June, 1 764. Among the buildings erected by Paine were Brocket 
Hall, Herts; Wardour Castle, Wilts; and Richmond Bridge. 



1 834 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 249 

most others of Sir Joshua's paintings ; and it has recently, under 
the direction of the present Librarian, been carefully cleaned, and 
protected with glass and a curtain, that its brilliancy may incur no 
risk of deterioration. But this year is chiefly distinguished in the 
Annals of the Library by the bequest of the 

DOUCE COLLECTION. 

Francis Douce, the donor of this magnificent library (who died 
on March 30, in this year), is said to have been induced to make 
this disposition of his treasures through the courteous reception 
afforded to him by Dr. Bandinel, upon the occasion of a visit to 
Oxford, in 1830. The gatherings of a lifetime with which the 
Bodleian was thus enriched, consist of 393 manuscripts, ninety- 
eight charters, about 16,480 printed volumes, a very large collection 
of early and valuable prints and drawings, and some coins 1 . For 
the most part, the books which thus came were of classes in which 
the Library was then deficient. Nearly all the finest specimens 
of Missal-painting which it now possesses are found among the 
Douce MSS., several of which are exhibited in a glass case 
at the further end of the Library. Chief among these are 
three volumes of Horce, one executed, perhaps by G. da Libri, 
at the beginning of the sixteenth century for Leonora Gonzaga, 
Duchess of Urbino, a second belonged to Mary de Medici, and 
the other was completed in 1527 for B. Sforza, second wife of 
Sigism. I of Poland. These are priceless gems, rivalled only by 
such as the Bedford Missal. In the same case is a Psalter on 
purple vellum, probably of the ninth century, which came from 
the old Royal Library of France, and which, from this circumstance 

1 To the British Museum Mr. Douce bequeathed his own Diaries and Note- 
books, to remain sealed up until Jan. I, 1900, in order that all of his own and the 
succeeding generation may have passed away before the personal histories which 
they undoubtedly contain are brought to light. 



250 ANNALS OF THE . 1834 

and its age, has sometimes been called Charlemagne's Psalter. The 
printed books are rich in history, biography, antiquities, manners 
and customs, and the fine arts 1 . In Bibles (English and French), 
Horse, Primers, Books of Common -Prayer and Psalters, the col- 
lection is very strong. Among the Psalters is a copy of Archbishop 
Parker's rare metrical version. Early French literature is also a 
conspicuous feature, in which the Library had previously been 
very deficient. Of fifteenth-century typography there are no fewer 
than 311 specimens. The finest of these is a magnificent copy 
of Christoforo Landino's Italian translation of Pliny's Natural 
History, printed on vellum by Nic. Janson, at Venice, in 1476. 
It is enriched with exquisite illuminated borders at the commence- 
ment of each book, a specimen of which, together with a descrip- 
tion of the volume, is given in Shaw's Illuminated Ornaments, 
pi. xxxviii 2 . There are also a large number of fragments of works 
by early English printers, including two by Caxton, which are 
unique. One of these is a portion (two quarters of an octavo or 
duodecimo sheet) of an edition of the Horce, conjecturally as- 
signed by Mr. Blades to 1478, and the other is of an edition of the 
Booke of Cur/esye, probably printed in 1491, consisting of two quarto 
pages. There is also one of the two known copies of a curious 
placard, issued by Caxton, inviting those who were disposed to 
buy ' ony pyes of two and thre comemoracions of Salisburi vse ' 
to come to him at Westminster, and they should have them 'good 

1 In the majority of instances the books bear MS. notes by Douce, which often 
are valuable for the references they afford to other works and sources of further 
information. A few specimens of some of the fuller notes of this kind were con- 
tributed by the present writer to the early volumes of the second series of Noles 
and Queries. One book, viz. John Weever's Epigrammes, 1599, containing notes by 
Douce, which had somehow escaped from his library before it came to Oxford, was 
purchased in 1838, for 24 IDS. A letter written by Douce in 1804, dated from 
the British Museum, where he was for a short time Keeper of the MSS., was bought 
in 1864, and a few other papers in 1866. 

a In the same beautiful volume are facsimiles from three of Douce's MS. Horn-. 



i8 3 4 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 251 

chepe 1 .' The other copy is in the possession of Earl Spencer. 
A very different, but still very curious, item is a large collection 
of chap-books and children's penny books of the last century and 
commencement of the present; and two folio volumes are filled 
with black-letter ballads. A catalogue of the library was published 
in one volume, in folio, in 1840; the part containing the printed 
books was the work of Mr. H. Symonds, of Magdalen Hall (B.A. 
1840, M.A. 1842, now Precentor of Norwich), and that which 
describes the Fragments, the Charters and the Manuscripts was 
drawn up by Rev. H. O. Coxe. From the year 1839 until the 
commencement of 1842, Mr. Thomas Dodd, formerly a well- 
known London dealer in prints, and author of the Connoisseur's 
Repertory, was employed in making a catalogue of the Douce 
prints and drawings. This catalogue still remains in MS. Four 
very grand studies of heads, drawn either by Raffaelle or Giulio 
Romano, have recently been framed and hung at the western end 
of the Library. 

On June 25, Convocation sanctioned the transfer to the Library 
of the room immediately over the entrance in the gateway-tower 
of the Schools, (now called the Mason Rooni) which had been 
hitherto assigned as the ' Savile Study,' on condition that a small 
room in the adjoining south-east angle of the quadrangle should 
be prepared at the expense of the Bodleian for the reception of 
the MSS. and printed books, instruments, &c, which were given 
to the University by Sir Henry Savile for the use of his Professors. 
This is the room in which the Savile library (which includes also 
some books given by Dr. Wallis and Sir Christopher Wren) is 
still preserved, under the charge of the Savilian Professors of 
Geometry and Astronomy. 

On July 5, Convocation confirmed the nomination of Rev. 
William Cureton, M.A., of Ch. Ch. (afterwards so well known for 

1 A facsimile of this advertisement is given in the catalogue of the Douce library. 



252 ANNALS OF THE 1834- 

his Syriac studies, which gained him the patronage of the Prince 
Consort and a Canonry at Westminster), to the Sub-librarianship 
vacated by Rev. E. Hawkins. 

Mr. Edmund Grove, of Magdalen College (who never gradu- 
ated), was appointed Assistant in April, vice Mr. Stephen Exup. 
Wentworth, of Balliol (B.A. 1833, M -A. 1835). Mr. Wentworth 
appears to have succeeded Mr. Forster in 1832. 

A.D. 1835. 

The original MS. of Burnet's History of his Own Times, with 
a copy prepared for the press, a portion of his History of the 
Reformation, and some other papers by him, was purchased, from 
a family descended from the Bishop, for 210. An account of 
these MSS. may be found at p. 474 of the Appendix to Burnet's 
History of James II, being an extract from the Own Times which 
Dr. Routh edited, with additional notes, when ninety-six years 
old, in 1852. The copy prepared for the press is expressly men- 
tioned in the catalogue for 1835 as forming part of the purchase; 
and yet that copy appears from a passage in a letter from Rawlin- 
son, dated Aug. 18, 1743, to have been then in the hands of 
that collector, whence it would have been supposed that it 
must have passed at once into the possession of the Library. 
After mentioning the book, Rawlinson says, ' I purchased the 
MSS. of a gentleman who corrected the press where that book 
was printed, and amongst his papers I have all the castrations 1 .' 

The MS. of Lewis' Life of Wyclif, with some additions by the 
author, was bought for 4 14^. 6d. Various other MSS. by- 
Lewis were already in the Library among Dr. Rawlinson's col- 
lections. The purchases of printed books were chiefly amongst 
early editions of Classics (Juvenal, Ovid, Virgil, &c), Fathers 

1 Ballard MS. ii. 88. 



-1836 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 253 

(Augustine, Jerome), Schoolmen, and a very large series of fifteenth- 
century editions of the Decretals, Digest, Institutes, and other 
works in Canon and Civil Law. These were obtained at the 
sale of the famous library of Dr. Kloss, of Frankfort, whose col- 
lection was so remarkably rich in books bearing MS. notes by 
Melanchthon. 

A curious collection of papers and pamphlets, printed and 
MS., relating to Spanish affairs, and of much interest to students 
of Spanish history, contained in thirty-two volumes in folio and 
eighty in quarto, was purchased for 40. It was lot 4583 in 
Heber's sale, by whom it had been bought at the Yriarte sale 
for more than 100. 

A.D. 1836. 

Aubrey's collection of notes and drawings concerning Druidical 
and Roman antiquities in Britain, together with some miscel- 
laneous historical notes, entitled by him Monumenta Britannica, in 
four parts (now bound in two folio volumes), was purchased, for 
50, of Col. Charles Greville. Accounts of Abury and Stonehenge, 
which are important from their early date (the former being the 
earliest known), are to be found in these curious and interesting 
volumes 1 . The remainder of Aubrey's MSS. came to the Library 
in 1860, upon the transfer of the books from the Ashmolean 
Museum. See sub anno 1858. 

A collection of about 300 tracts, relating to American affairs 
and the War of Independence, in forty-one vols., formed by Rev. 

1 A short description of them will be found in Cough's Brit. Topogr. vol. H. 
pp. 369-70, and a fuller account in Britton's Memoir of Aubrey, 1845, pp. 87-91. 
Mr. Britton, however, strange to say, was not aware that the volumes had been 
for nine years in safe custody in the Bodleian, and consequently deplores tlu-ir 
unfortunate disappearance ! He describes their contents from an abstract in the 
(luiis'h collection. 



254 ANNALS OF THE 1836- 

Jonathan Boucher 1 , was bought for 8 iSs. 6d. These are 
now included in the series of tracts called Godwyn Pamphlets, in 
continuation of those which came, in 1770, from the donor so 
named. Another large gathering of American tracts, collected 
by Mr. George Chalmers, when engaged in writing his History 
of the Revolt, was bought in 1841 for 24 13^.; at the same 
time, the first and only volume of his History, which itself was 
never actually published, was bought for 2 ft. 

Sale Catalogues. See 1834. 

When the new Copyright Act was introduced into Parliament 
in this year, it was proposed to allow 500 per annum to the 
Bodleian, in the manner adopted with regard to six other libraries, 
in lieu of the old privilege of receiving a copy of every booK 
entered at Stationers' Hall. The Curators, however, on May 
27, resolved that it would be highly desirable to retain the privi- 
lege, but that, should an alteration be made, it would be inex- 
pedient to receive an annual grant by way of compensation ; and 
in consequence of this opinion, the proposed abolition of the 
privilege was abandoned. 

A.D. 1837. 

The magnificent series of historical prints and drawings which 
is called, from the name of its collectors and its donor, the Suther- 
land collection, was presented to the University on May 4 in this 
year, although it was not actually deposited in the Library until 
March, i839 2 . The six volumes of the folio editions of Claren- 
don's History of the Rebellion and Life, and of Burnet's Own 
Times, are inlaid and bound in sixty-one elephant folio volumes, 

1 An account of Mr. Boucher, who quitted America on account of his royalist 
principles, and afterwards was Head-Master of a well-known school at Cheam, will 
be found in Notes and Queries for 1 866, vol. ix. pp. 75, 282. 

9 MS. note by Mrs. Sutherland'in the Library copy of her catalogue. 



-i837 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 25$ 

and illustrated with the enormous number of 19,224 portraits of 
every person and views of every place in any way mentioned in 
the text, or connected with its subject-matter 1 . The gathering 
was commenced in 1795 by Alexander Hendras Sutherland, 
Esq., F.S.A.; on his death (May 21, 1820) it was taken up by 
his widow'-, who spared neither labour nor money to render it 
as complete as possible, and by whom its contents were, conse- 
quently, nearly doubled. At length, desiring, in accordance with 
her husband's will, that the results of her own and his labour 
should be always preserved intact, Mrs. Sutherland presented the 
whole collection to the Bodleian. Its extent may be in some 
degree appreciated when it is mentioned that there are (according 
to Mrs. Sutherland's statement in the preface to the Supplementary 
Catalogue) 184 portraits of James I, of which 135 are distinct 
plates; 743 of Charles I, of which 573 are distinct plates, besides 
sixteen drawings; 373 of Cromwell (253 plates); 552 of Charles 
II (428 plates); 276 of James II; 175 of Mary II (143 plates); 
and 431 of William III, of which 363 are separate plates 3 . There 
arc also 309 views of London and 166 of Westminster. 
Amongst those of London is a drawing on many sheets, by a 
Dutch artist, Antonio van den Wyngaerde, executed between 
1558-1563. It affords a view which extends from the Palace at 
Westminster to that at Greenwich, both included ; and compre- 
hends also Lambeth Palace and part of Southwark, with the palace 

. ' As early as 1819 the collection numbered 10,000 prints, bound in 57 volumes. 
Clarke's Repert. Bibliogr. pp. 574-577 

1 Mrs. Sutherland died March 1 8, 1853. 

s In Mrs. Sutherland's own copy of the catalogue (now in the possession of E. L. 
Hussey, Esq., Oxford), some of these numbers areenlarged in MS. as follows : Charles 
II, 557, being 432 plates ; Cromwell, 379, 255 plates ; William III, 436, 367 plates. 
Amongst the portraits, there are frequently numerous copies of the same plate, 
being impressions in all its different states. In a few instances (particularly with 
regard to Charles I) some of the prints entered in the catalogue have not been 
found in the volumes. 



25 6 ANNALS OF THE 1837 

there of the Protector Somerset, in which the Mint was situated. 
The whole amount expended on the formation of the series is 
estimated at 20,000. 

The collection is accompanied by a handsomely printed Cata- 
logue, compiled by Mrs. Sutherland, and published in 1837 in 
three volumes quarto, two containing the portraits, and one the 
topography 1 . A Supplement to this was printed in the following 
year, in the preface to which Mrs. Sutherland records her transfer 
of the collection. She adds that ' the University of Oxford, by 
the manner in which it has received the collection, has afforded 
her the high gratification of witnessing the fulfilment, in their 
utmost extent, of the wishes of its founder; and in the liberal 
step which its future conservators have taken, to insure a direct 
and easy means of reference to the prints, she finds proof of their 
intention to comply with her own earnest desire, that the books 
should be as freely open to those really interested in them as 
may be consistent with their safe preservation. Under the super- 
intendence of the compiler, but at the expense of the University, 
a copy of the Catalogue has been prepared, in which every print 
is marked with the page which it respectively fills in the volumes ; 
by means of this, every difficulty of reference, and every doubt 
as to the print intended to be described, is obviated, and the 
manuscript indices will be preserved from the injury of constant 
use. In order to prevent the possibility of disappointment in 
referring from this marked catalogue, every print (with four ex- 
ceptions only) of which the page has not been ascertained, has been 
struck out, although probably several of the portraits not at- present 

1 Ten copies were printed of a larger and finer edition, for presentation to 
various Libraries, but as only four of these (Bodleian, Cambridge University, British 
Museum, and Bibl. Royale, Paris) acknowledged the gift (the letters from which are 
preserved in one copy of the catalogue), no more than five copies were printed of 
the Supplement. Consequently those Libraries which did not return thanks for the 
gift have now an imperfect book. 



i8 3 ? BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 257 

found are still in the volumes.' The following letter of thanks 
was addressed by Convocation to the donor 1 : 

' To Mrs. Sutherland, of Merrow, in the County of Surrey. 

' MADAM, We, the Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the 
University of Oxford, feel ourselves called upon to acknowledge, 
in a public and formal manner, the splendid donation recently 
made by you to our Bodleian Library. 

' It is doubtless a source of much gratification to us that our 
University should have been selected by you as the fittest de- 
pository of so valuable a collection ; but we are not, on that 
account, less disposed to appreciate and admire the feeling which 
has led you to make so considerable a sacrifice, and to relinquish 
the possession of what has been to you, for many years, an object 
of constant interest and occupation. 

' We shall prize the matchless volumes about to be committed 
to our care, not merely as being embellished with the richest 
specimens of the graphic art, but as possessing a real historical 
character ; as enhancing, in no slight degree, the value of works 
which we have long been accustomed to regard as most important 
contributions to the annals and literature of our Country. 

' Given at our House of Convocation, under our Common 
Seal, this first day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven 2 .' 

1 It is here printed from the original (written in the beautifully neat hand of the 
late Registrar, Dr. Bliss,) which is now in the possession of a nephew of Mrs. Suther- 
land, Edw. Law Hussey, Esq., of Oxford, M.R.C.S. It is sealed with the old University 
seal, described on p. I of these Annals, enclosed in a gold box. The late Rev. R. 
Hussey, Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History, was one of the brothers of 
Mrs. Sutherland. 

" A very erroneous notice of the collection, written in a singularly depreciatory 
tone, was inserted in an article in the Quarterly Review, in 1852, vol. xci. p. 217. 
The writer appears to have confounded the facts connected with Cough's preference 
of the Bodleian to the British Museum (as told in Nichols' Lit. Hist.), or possibly 
Douce's, with the totally different circumstances of Mrs. Sutherland's gift, whose 
husband had left the collection entirely at her disposal, provided only that it were 
not dispersed. 



258 ANNALS OF THE 1837- 

A few other books were sent by Mrs. Sutherland at the same 
time, including Boydell's Shakespeare, Heath's Chronicle, Scott's 
edition of Dalrymple's Preservation of Charles II, Faber's Kit-Cat 
Club, Wilson's Catalogue of an Amateur, &c. And in 1843 she 
increased her former gift by the presentation of copies of a large 
number of illustrated, biographical, and historical works, many of 
which are in a like manner enriched with additional engravings. 
Chief amongst these is a copy of Park's edition of Walpole's Royal 
and Noble Authors, enlarged from five vols. 8. to 20 vols. 4. by 
the insertion of prints, portraits, and some of the original drawings. 
Similarly enlarged copies of Dr. Dibdin's works are also included ; 
together with framed oil-portraits of Frederic, King of Bohemia, 
and of Mr. Sutherland. 

A curious collection of rare Dutch tracts, in two vols., printed 
at Amsterdam between 1637 and 1664, and relating to English, 
Irish, and Scottish affairs, chiefly during the Civil Wars, was 
bought for 2 13^. And an enormous gathering of English 
pamphlets, on every kind of subject, in prose and verse, between 
about 1600 and 1820, said to number 19,380 articles, and which 
had accumulated in the stores of the well-known bookseller, 
Mr. Thomas Rodd, was bought of him for 101 14^. 6d. These 
exceeding, from their number, the powers of the then very slender 
staff of the Library for arrangement and cataloguing, remained 
piled up in cupboards for about twenty-five years. But a general 
clearance out of all neglected corners taking place on the appoint- 
ment of the present Librarian to the Headship, they were then 
sorted (to a certain extent), bound, numbered, and incorporated 
in the general Catalogue; when they proved to be a valuable 
addition to the pamphlet-literature, comparatively few of them 
being found to be duplicates. 

Shakespeare ; Romeo and Juliet. See 1834. 

Sanscrit MSS, See 1842. 



-1838 BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 259 

A grant was made by Convocation of 400 annually, for five 
years, towards the expense of the new Catalogue, the printing 
of which was commenced in the summer. A statute also was 
passed providing that there should be two ' ministri,' or assistants, 
with salaries regulated by the Curators. 

The Rev. Herbert Hill, M.A., Fellow of New College, was 
approved by Convocation, on Oct. 26, as Sub-librarian, in the 
room of Mr. Cureton, who removed in this year to the British 
Museunv. Mr. Hill, however, only held the office for one year. And 
Mr. Richard Firth, New College (B.A. 1839, M.A. 1849, now, and 
from 1850, a Chaplain in the diocese of Madras), became minister 
in the room of Mr. F. J. Marshall, New College (B.A. 1834, M.A. 
1837, Chaplain of New College, deceased 1843), who had pro- 
bably entered the Library in 1834 in the place of Mr. Etty. 

A.D. 1838. 

One of the ' curiosities of literature ' was obtained by the pur- 
chase (for 10 io-f.) of the System of Divinity, in a Course of 
Sermons on the first Institutions of Religion, by Rev. Will. Davy, 
A.B., Vicar of Lustleigh, Devon. It is a work in twenty-six 
volumes, of which only fourteen copies were printed, entirely by 
the hands of the indefatigable author himself, between the years 
1795 and 1807. It is very roughly executed, the author having 
purchased only just so much old and worn-out type, as sufficed 
for the printing of two pages at once ; accomplishing in this way 
the work upon which he had set his heart, ' arte mea, diurno 
nocturnoque labore ' (as he says in a Latin preface), in conse- 
quence of having failed to procure in any other way the publica- 
tion of his book. The copy in our Library is distinguished by 
having many additions inserted, printed (in many cases with later 
and better type) upon small slips 1 . 

1 Mr. Davy has had a rival, with much more nieces, within late years in thf 

s i 



2 6o ANNALS OF THE 1838- 

A set of the Monthly Review, from the commencement to 
1828, in 200 volumes, in which the names of the contributors 
are appended in MS. to their several articles, together with a 
volume of Correspondence with the Editor, Ralph Griffiths, LL.D., 
between 1758 and 1802 (now numbered Bodl. MS. Addit. vu. 
D. n), was bought for 42. 

Among the donations were : i . A collection of twenty-one 
Oriental works, printed between 1808-1835 by the East India 
Company, presented by the Directors, and, 2. A valuabte series, 
MS. and printed, of the Statutes of various Italian cities, pre- 
sented by George Bowyer, Esq. (the present baronet, who suc- 
ceeded to the title in 1860), who also in the years 1839, 1842, 
and 1843, forwarded large additions to the printed series. These 
volumes are now kept distinct as a separate collection. Altogether 
there are seventy-eight printed volumes, besides four MSS. 

On Nov. 15, a Statute was approved by Convocation which 
raised the stipend of the Sub-librarians from 150 to 250. 

From the year 1825 an annual folio Catalogue had been printed, 
containing, in one list, all the accessions accruing in each year 

Rev. Thos. R. Brown, M.A., Vicar of Southwick, Northamptonshire. The Library 
possesses three works written and printed by this gentleman in his own house. The 
first is entitled, A Grammar of the Hebrew Hieroglyphs applied to the S. Scriptures, 
containing the History of the Creation of the Universe and the Fall of Man, 8. 1840. 
This appears to have been partly composed in type, literally as well as technically, 
for the author says that ' a considerable part of the mental composition is coeval 
with" the manual labour, which last was entirely performed by himself. A second 
book appeared in 1841, Elements of Sanscrit Grammar. A third, A Dictionary, 
containing English Words of difficult Etymology, tracing them chiefly to Sanscrit 
roots, appeared in two vols. 8. 1843. Of this the author certifies that only nine 
copies were printed, and the one now in the Library was bought of Mr. Lilly (who 
had it from the author) for 5 55. in 1855. The execution of all these volumes 
does the reverend printer great credit. The Rev. Dr. J. A. Giles had also a private 
press for some time in his house at Bampton, Oxon., which he taught some of the 
village children to work, and from which issued some of the publications of the 
Caxton Society, but the results were anything but satisfactory, although probably 
quite as good as could be expected from such juvenile compositors. 



-1839 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 261 

from purchases, gifts, and the supply of new publications from 
Stationers' Hall. The issue of these lists was discontinued after 
the appearance of that for the years 1837 and 1838 jointly; 
except that in 1843 one f r tnat vear was printed in octavo. 

A form of declaration and promise for due use of the privilege 
of admission to the Library, to be made by all graduates upon 
taking their first degree, in lieu of the oath formerly required, 
was approved by Convocation, on June 9 l . In accordance with this 
form, which is still used, each graduate now promises : ' Me libros 
cseterumque cultum sic tractaturum ut superesse quam diutissime 
possint, et, quantum in me est, curaturum ne quid Bibliotheca 
detrimenti aut incommodi capiat.' The same declaration is sub- 
scribed in the Library by all non-graduates who are admitted 
to read there, with the addition of a promise that they will devote 
their attention 'ad studia et silentium.' The statutable penalty 
for any wilful mutilation or abstraction of any book, or portion 
of a book, is immediate expulsion from the Library and University, 
' sine ulla spe regressus.' 

On the resignation of Rev. H. Hill, Sub-librarian, in this year, 
he was succeeded by Rev. H. O. Coxe, M.A., of Worcester 
College, who had previously worked for five years and a-half 
in the Department of MSS. in the British Museum 2 . Mr. Coxe's 
nomination was approved by Convocation on Nov. 16. 

A.D. 1839. 

An application was made by Magdalen College for the return 
of a copy of the Statutes of the College, found among the Raw- 

1 A previous proposal of this alteration had been rejected by Convocation on 
March 17, 1836. 

2 Mr. Coxe had a considerable share in the compilation of the folio catalogue of 
the Arundel MSS. preserved in the Museum. 



2 6a ANNALS OF THE 1839- 

linson MSS., but it was refused by the Curators, on the ground 
that sufficient evidence was not produced of its having ever been 
the property of the College. 

A.D. 1840. 

Ninety specimens of the Aldine press, together with other 
volumes chiefly printed at Venice by A. de Asula, were pur- 
chased at the sale of the library of Dr. Samuel Butler, Bishop 
of Lichfield. From the same library was purchased, in the fol- 
lowing year, a collection of portions of more than twenty of the 
very earliest editions of Donatus' De Octo Partibus Oralionis, many 
of which were unknown; these had previously come from the 
library of Dr. Kloss. A ninth-century MS. of St. Gregory's 
Sacramenlary was purchased for 63 ; and early MSS. of Juvenal, 
Lucan, &c. A fine and perfect copy of Caxton's Dictes and 
Sayitiges of the Philosophres, printed in 1477, was purchased for 
.50. It had previously been sold, at Dr. Vincent's sale in 1816, 
for 99 15-r. ; this sum, which is marked in pencil on a fly-leaf, 
having been altered by some practical joker, by the insertion of a 
figure, to 199 15^., Mr. Blades has in consequence recorded 
that as being the price at which the Library secured the volume 1 . 

The Rev. Rob. J. M'Ghee, Rector of Holywell, Hunts, de- 
posited in the Bodleian (as also in the University Library, Cam- 
bridge, and in that of Trinity College, Dublin,) a collection of 
thirty-one volumes relating to the controversy with the Church 

1 As Mr. Blades' valuable wt>rk on The Life and typography of Caxton, 1863, 
gives most accurate descriptions of all the copies and fragments of our great printer's 
works which are preserved in the Library, it is only necessary to refer the reader to 
it for detailed information. A notice of two, however, which were unknown to be 
Caxtons at the time of Mr. Blades' investigations, will be found in the account of 
Bishop Tanner's books, p. 155 ; and two fragments, among Douce's books, are men- 
tioned at p. 350. 



i 84 1 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 263 

of Rome, and to the Moral Theology taught at Maynooth. 
The volumes consist of editions of the Douay and Rheims 
versions, of some Irish diocesan Statutes, of Bailly's Theologia 
Moralis, and Delahogue's Dogmatic Treatises, and of various 
Irish polemical pamphlets ; and they are enclosed in a mahogany 
case, with glass door. In consequence of reference having been 
made to this collection by the donor, at a County Meeting held 
at Huntingdon, Dec. 28, 1850, upon the occasion of the 'Papal 
Aggression,' some slight degree of public attenti6n was called to 
it ; and a controversial volume was in consequence published 
by Mr. M'Ghee, in 1852, entitled, The Church of Rome ; a Report 
on the Books and Documents on the Papacy, deposited in the University 
Library, Cambridge] &c. 

Shakespeare; Richard HI -axd. Hamlet. See 1834. 

The first non-academic minister was appointed in Mr. H. S. 
Harper (vice Mr. Firth), of whose valuable services and acquaint- 
ance with details the Library still enjoys the benefit. Mr. Harper 
had acted for three years previously as an under-assistant. 

A.D. 1841. 

The very large and valuable MS. collections of the Rev. John 
Brickdale Blakeway, relating to the history of Shropshire, were 
presented by his widow. Mr. Blakeway was minister of St. Mary's 
Church, Shrewsbury, for thirty-two years, and died March 10, 
1826. He was long engaged in gathering materials for a county 
history, and his collections now form fifteen closely-written volumes 
in folio, nine in quarto, and two in octavo, arranged, and lettered 
on their backs, according to their several subjects, viz. Pedigrees, 
County History, Parochial History, &c. A list of them is given 
at the end of the Annual Catalogue. They were supple- 
mented in 1850 by the purchase (for 42) of a copy of Mr. T. F. 



264 ANNALS OF THE 1841- 

Dukes' Antiquities of Shropshire (4. Shrewsbury, 1844), divided 
into two large volumes, and enriched by the author with many 
MS. additions and copies of ancient deeds, and with upwards of 
700 portraits and original drawings of churches, fonts, &c. relating 
to almost every parish in the county. As Mr. Blakeway's col- 
lections are not accompanied with engravings or drawings, these 
volumes largely assist to make the materials for the history of this 
county complete. 

A parcel of 136 early French and Anglo-Saxon coins was pre- 
sented by Her Majesty the Queen, out of a mass of upwards of 
6700 which were found in digging at the bank of the river Kibble, 
at Cuerdale, in Lancashire, and were adjudged to belong to Her 
Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster. The largest part 
of the Saxon coins were of the reigns of S. Edmund of East 
Anglia (in number 1770) and of Alfred (793); of the Conti- 
nental, of Charles le Chauve (712) and, apparently, of Charles 
le Simple (2942). 

Some rare and interesting books issued by English printers 
about the middle of the sixteenth century were acquired in this 
year; among them, the Boke of Common Prayer, printed by Oswen, 
at Worcester, in 1552, bought for the very moderate sum of 
3 i6s. Two rare American Psalters were purchased, the one 
called The Massachuset Psalter, printed at Boston in 1709, for 2, 
and the other, the Psalms in blank verse with tunes, printed at 
Boston in 1718, for i 19^. 

Shakespeare, Henry VI. See 1834. 

American Tracts. See 1836. 

Donatus. See 1840. 

The hitherto somewhat narrow funds of the Library received in 
this year a welcome increase by the bequest of the large sum of 
36,000 in the Three per Cents, from Rev. Robert Mason, D.D., 
of Queen's College, deceased Jan. 5. He bequeathed also a 



1 8 42 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 265 

further sum of 30,000 for a new library to his own College. In 
commemoration of this munificent legacy, one room, devoted to 
the reception of costly illustrated works, and works of some degree 
of value or rarity in various languages, has been styled the Mason 
Room (see p. 251). The elegant model of the Church of the 
Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, now exhibited in the Library, came 
by his bequest, together with a painting of the Zodiac of 
Tentyra, in Egypt, which is hung in the Picture Gallery. 



A.D. 1842. 

Seven Sanscrit MSS. had been given to the Library in 1837 by 
B. H. Hodgson, Esq., the British Resident in Nepaul, before which 
time there were but a very few works in that language scattered 
through some of the various Oriental collections, and most of them 
recently acquired 1 . But in this year the real foundation of the 
present very large and valuable collection was laid, by the purchase 
for 500 of the MSS. obtained by Professor H. H. Wilson (dec. 
May 8, 1860) during his residence in India, numbering 616 works 
and 540 volumes, of which 147 are MSS. of the Vedas. A brief 
list of them is attached to the Annual Catalogue for 1842, and the 
whole are fully described in the catalogue of the Sanscrit MSS., 
compiled by Theod. Aufrecht, M.A., now Professor of Sanscrit in 
the Univ. of Edinburgh, the second and last part of which was 
published in 1864. The greater part of Mr. Wilson's collection 
consists of MSS. written in the last and present centuries. 

Some small collections towards the history of Cheshire, 
made by Rev. F. Gower, were purchased in this year and 
in 1846. 

1 The gift of the first Sanscrit book (described in the Benefaction-Register 
as being ' Gentuana lingua') by one John Ken, in 1666, is noticed at p. 113. 
The book is now numbered, Walker 214. 



266 ANNALS OF THE 1842- 

In printed books the chief purchase was a copy (at the price of 
fifty guineas) of the original and hitherto unknown edition of the 
poems of Drummond, of Hawthornden. It is in quarto, with a 
portrait, having the letter-press only on one side of the page, 
and was printed at Edinburgh by Andro Hart in 1614. There 
are three or four small corrections in Drummond's own hand- 
writing 1 . 

Bowyer. Italian Municipal Statutes. See 1838. 

Laing. Almanac by W. de Worde. See 1755. 

Old Plays. See 1834. 

In March, Mr. J. B. Taunton, All Souls' College (B.A. 1843, 
M.A. 1848), was appointed Assistant vice Mr. F. E. Thurland, 
New College (B.A. 1841, M.A. 1846, now Rector of Thurstaston, 
Cheshire), who was made an extra, in the place of Mr. Symonds, 
resigned. Mr. Thurland had, probably, succeeded Mr. Grove in 
1838 or 1839. 

The stipend of the Librarian was increased by .150, by a 
statute which passed on May 6. By the same statute an annual 
payment was ordered of 20 to the Janitor, in lieu of fees hitherto 
taken for showing the Library or Picture Gallery to Members of 
the University. These, undergraduates as well as graduates, have 
now, if wearing their academical dress, the right of free entrance 
for themselves and friends ; other visitors are admitted, by a regu- 
lation made five or six years ago, at the very moderate fee of 
threepence each person. (See p. 134.) 

A.D. 1843. 

The valuable collection of Oriental MSS. formed by the cele- 
brated traveller, James Bruce, of Kinnaird, was purchased for 

1 A copy of Blackwood's Martyre de la Royne cTEscosse (Edinb. 1587), among 
Rawlinson's books, has an autograph ot" Drummond : ' Gtii. Drftmond, a Paris, 1607.' 



i 843 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 367 

1000. It consists of ninety-six volumes, of which twenty-six are 
in Ethiopic, and seventy in Arabic ; there is also one Coptic MS. 
on papyrus. Included in vol. iv. of an Ethiopic copy of the Old 
Testament is one of the three copies of the Book of Enoch, which 
were brought by Bruce from Abyssinia, and which were then (if 
they be not even still) the only manuscripts of the book to be 
found in Europe. One of the three had been given by Bruce 
himself to the University, in 1788, through the hands of Dr. Douglas, 
Bishop of Salisbury; it is written on forty leaves of vellum, in 
triple columns, and is now exhibited in the glass case near the 
entrance of the Library. It was from this MS. that Dr. Laurence, 
afterwards Archbishop of Cashel, first made the translation which 
he published in 1821, and then subsequently, in 1838, published 
the original text. The second copy (' elegantissimum et cele- 
berrimum') was given by Bruce to Louis XVI, and is now in the 
Imperial Library at Paris. By the purchase of the third, the 
Bodleian is, therefore, the possessor of two out of the three. 

Two unsuccessful attempts had previously been made to dispose 
of the collection by auction. It was first announced for sale by 
Mr. Christie, for May 17, 1827, to be disposed of in one lot; and 
a list was issued, abridged from the catalogue made by Dr. Alex. 
Murray, the editor of Bruce's Travels. The issue of this proposed 
sale is recorded by Douce in the following MS. note on his copy 
of the auction catalogue : ' These MSS. were put in by the owner 
at 5500, and after an elaborate eulogium on them by Mr. Christie, 
no bidding or advance took place, and they were of course with- 
drawn. Had the owner offered them for 500, I should think the 
same result would have happened.' The second attempt was made 
in 1842, when the MSS. were offered for sale by Mr. George 
Robins, on May 30, but it appears that even all the eloquence of 
that most moving of auctioneers failed to elicit a bid corresponding 
to the expectation of the seller ; and so the collection fortunately 



268 ANNALS OF THE 1843- 

remained intact, to be disposed of to our Library in the year 
following. 

A catalogue of the Ethiopia MSS. of the collection was issued 
in a small quarto volume (eighty-seven pages), in 1848, as partvii. 
of the General Catalogue of MSS. It was compiled by a German 
scholar, well acquainted with this branch of Oriental literature, 
Dr. A. Dillmann, and contains, besides Bruce's books, three of 
Pococke's MSS., one of Laud's, one of Clarke's, and three others ; 
in all thirty-five. 

Valuable materials for the history of Devon were secured by the 
purchase (for 90) of the collections made for that purpose by 
Jeremiah Milles, D.D., Dean of Exeter, and Pres. of the Soc. of 
Antiquaries. The library of Dean Milles (who died Feb. 13, 
1784) was sold by auction by Mr. Leigh Sotheby, in April; 
and these collections, comprised in eighteen volumes in folio, 
one in quarto, and one in octavo, formed a principal feature in 
the sale. 

In this year the new Catalogue of the general Library of printed 
books, exclusive of the Gough and Douce libraries, and the collec- 
tions of Hebrew books and Dissertations, of which already special 
catalogues were in print, was completed and published in three 
folio volumes. It had been commenced in the year 1837, and was 
prepared by the Rev. Arthur Browne, M.A., Chaplain of Ch. Ch. 
(now a retired Chaplain of the Royal Navy), whose share com- 
prises the letters P R, and the commencement of S ; the 
Rev. Henry Gary, M.A. (son of the Translator of Dante, then 
Incumbent of St. Paul's, Oxford, but now, by returning to his 
previous profession of the Law, a barrister in Australia), who is 
responsible for the letters F K, and part of L; and Rev. Alfred 
Hackman, M.A., Chaplain and Precentor of Ch. Ch., and now 
Sub-librarian, who completed the greater part of it, viz. the letters 
A E, L (from London) O, S (from Shakespeare) Z. The whole 



-i845 BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 269 

charges of the printing of the Catalogue amounted to 2990 12^.'; 
the previous cost of compilation was about 2000. 

Bowyer. Italian Municipal Statutes. 8661838. 

Sutherland. Illustrated Books. See 1839. 

A.D. 1844. 

Sir William Ouseley, the editor of the three volumes entitled 
Oriental Collections (brother to Sir Gore Ouseley, whom he accom- 
panied when he went as ambassador to Persia in 1810), gathered, 
during some forty years spent in accumulation, about 750 Oriental 
MSS., chiefly in Persian, but including also a few in Arabic, 
Sanscrit, Zend, &c. Of these, in 1831 a catalogue (in 24 pp. 
quarto) was issued by the owner, who wished to dispose of them 
collectively, but no purchaser was then found, and they conse- 
quently remained in Sir William's possession. After his death, 
however (in Sept. 1842), they were again proposed for sale 
en masse, and the Library became a purchaser in this year for the 
sum of 2000. Many of the volumes are specimens of the best 
styles of Persian writing and illumination, while others are of great 
antiquity and rarity. The printed Oriental collection was also 
increased by various works printed in the East Indies in 1830- 
1839, which were presented by the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and 
by some Sanscrit and Mahratta books given by Rev. G. Pigott, 
Chaplain at Bombay. 

A.D. 1845. 

This year is rendered noticeable in the later annals of the 
Library by the fact that not a single MS. was purchased during 
its course. But a very valuable collection of Arabic, Persian and 
Sanscrit MSS. formed by Brigadier Gen. Alex. Walker, during his 

1 MS. note by Dr. Bliss. 



270 ANNALS OF THE 1845- 

service in India, was presented by his son, Sir Will. Walker, of 
Edinburgh 1 . These are kept as a distinct collection, like other 
donations or purchases of similar extent ; the Sanscrit portion is 
described in the catalogue compiled by Prof. Aufrecht. The col- 
lection of printed Hebrew books was increased by the purchase 
(for 176 i4j. 6d.) of 483 volumes from the library of the cele- 
brated lexicographer, Gesenius, of Halle, who died Oct. 23, 1842, 
and whose library was sold by auction at Halle, in Jan. 1844. 
Two curious collections of tracts were also bought ; the one in 
English consisting of 300 volumes, ranging from 1688 to 1766, 
and chiefly treating of the case of the Non-jurors, the Bangorian 
controversy, and the affairs of the city of London (for 22 ios.)- 
and the other in French, consisting only of four small volumes, 
but containing a very large number of 'Merveilles,' strange histories 
of strange wonders, between 1557 and 1637, of great rarity and 
singularity. These were obtained at the sale of the library of 
Mr. Benj. Heywood Bright, No. 3796, for 13. 

On Dec. 23, the present writer (then a Clerk of Magdalen Col- 
lege) was appointed Assistant, vice Mr. Taunton, after upwards of 
five years' previous service as a supernumerary, having first entered 
the Library in June, 1840. 

A.D. 1846. 

The original MS., or first copy, of Wood's History and An- 
tiquities of Oxford, in English, was purchased for the moderate 
sum of 8 8j. Already the Library possessed the corrected copy, 
in the author's autograph, in two large folio volumes, which had 
formed part of his collection in the Ashmolean Museum, but were 

1 Gen. Walker, who in the beginning of the century was Governor of Baroda, in 
Guzerat, died at Edinburgh in 1832. His MSS., in the words of Prof. Aufrecht. 
' integritate et antiquitate eminent.' 



-i8 4 7 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 271 

transferred to the Bodleian as early as the year 1769. The 
volume now obtained had been in the possession of Edw. Roberts, 
Esq., of Baling, a letter to whom from Mr. Joseph Parker, of 
Oxford, is inserted, dated July 4, 1827, in which he mentions the 
sale of the book to Mr. B. Roberts, and says that it was purchased 
at a sale at Burford, in 1797 or 1798. 

A curious and valuable account-roll of Sir John Williams, Knt., 
Master of the Jewels to Henry VIII, which specifies all the treasures 
which were in his custody, was bought for 25'. 

The department of Italian topography, antiquities and art was 
largely enriched by the purchase from Rev. R. A. Scott (for 
234 6s.) of a collection of 1426 volumes made by his brother 
the late George C. Scott, Esq., during ten years' residence in 
Italy. 

Dissertations. See 1828. 

Gower's Cheshire. See 1842. 

Thorkelin. See 1828. 



A.D. 1847. 

A valuable MS. of Star-Chamber Reports, from June 17, 1635, 
to June 4, 1638, was purchased for 11. Several similar volumes 
of Reports are among the Rawlinson MSS. Two curious col- 
lections of pamphlets were bought ; the one consisting of tracts, 
broadsides and proclamations relating to the Gunpowder Plot, 
made by H. Glynn, Under-secretary of State (12 ioj.); the 
other, a series of State special Forms of Prayer, from 1665 to 
1840 (jio ioj.) 

Works relating to the history of America, in which the 

1 An original account, by the same Master of the Jewels, of the plate and 
jewels received for the King's use from dissolved monasteries in the years 1 540-1542, 
ij preserved in MS, e Mnsao, 57. 



272 ANNALS OF THE 1847- 

Library is now very rich, begin in this year to form a specially 
noticeable feature in the catalogue of purchases. Many rare 
tracts had been of old in the Library, but much of the complete- 
ness of the present collection is due to the energy of the well- 
known American bibliophilist, Henry Stevens, Esq. 

k 

A.D. 1848. 

A collection of Hebrew MSS., numbering 862 volumes and 
nearly 1300 separate works, was purchased at Hamburgh for 
1030. It had been amassed by Heimann Joseph Michael (born 
Apr. 12, 1792, deceased June 10, 1846), who had devoted thirty 
years to the formation of his library. One hundred and ten 
vellum MSS. are included in it, written for the most part between 
1240 and 1450. Michael's printed books amounted to 5471; 
these were purchased by the British Museum. A short catalogue 
of the collection, drawn up from the owner's papers, was issued 
at Hamburgh in 1848, with a preface by Dr. L. Zunz, and an 
index to the MSS. by Dr. M. Steinschneider. They will ere long 
be re-catalogued, together with all the other Hebrew MSS. in 
the Library, by Dr. Neubauer, who has now, in the present year, 
commenced his important task. 

A.D. 1849. 

The valuable collection of Oriental MSS. formed by Rev. W. 
H. Mill, D.D., Regius Professor of Hebrew at Cambridge, during 
his residence in India as Principal of Bishop's College, Calcutta, 
was purchased from him for 350. A small remaining portion 
of his collection, comprising thirty-six volumes, was bought in 
1858, after his death, for 35. In all there are 160 volumes, of 
which 145 are in Sanscrit. These latter are fully described in 
Prof. Aufrecht's Sanscrit Catalogue. 



-i 849 BODLEIAN LIBRARY'. _. ?3 

The chief purchases of printed books were made at the sale at 
Berlin, in May, of the library of Professor C. F. G. Jacobs, the editor 
of the Anthologia Grczca (who died March 30, 1847), whence a large 
number of classical dissertations, many of them authors' presenta- 
tion copies, were obtained 1 , and at the sale of the library of Rev. 
Hen. Francis Lyte (deceased 1847) which took place in July. A 
collection of 360 sermons, published by Non-juring divines between 
1688 and 1750, is an interesting item in the year's list; another is 
a copy of Pliny's Historia Naturalis, printed at Rome by Sweyn- 
heym and Pannartz in 1473, with a MS. collation of three very 
early codices made by Ang. Politian in 1490, which was bought 
for 21, at an extremely curious sale at Messrs. Leigh Sotheby's, 
in Feb., of books ' selected from the library of an eminent literary 
character' (M. Libri?). 

The two statutable Assistants at this time and for one or two 
years previously were Mr. J. M. Price, All Souls' College (B.A. 
1849, M.A. 1852, now Vicar of Cuddington, Bucks,) and Mr. W. 
W. Garrett, New College (B.A. 1849). The former of these was 
succeeded about 1850, by the last undergraduate Assistant, Mr. J. 
C. Hyatt, Magd. Hall (B.A. 1852, now Perp. Curate of Queens- 
head, Yorkshire). Since then, in consequence of the difficulty of 
reconciling attendance on College lectures, &c. with attention to the 
continually increasing work of the Library, the junior Assistants 
have been taken from the City instead of from the undergraduate 
members of the University, as had been generally the case hitherto. 

In pursuance of an address from the House of Commons, 
Sept. 4, 1848, on the motion of Mr. Ewart, various returns 
relative to public libraries were obtained, which were printed by 
Parliament in 1849, State Paper, No. 18. The following is the 
reply from Dr. Bandinel there printed : 

1 A separate list of tin- books pun h;i-.f<l .it |:io<l>-' u . ,niul 

L'atal" 



274 ANNALS OF THE 1849- 

' BODLEIAN LIBRARY, 
' January 9, 1849. 

' SIR, In compliance with your letter, dated Oct. 27, 1848, 
desiring certain Returns respecting the Bodleian Library, I have 
to state 

'i. As to the number of books received under the various Copy- 
right Acts, no distinct register of the books so received has been 
kept, but they have, at the end of each year, been incorporated 
into the general collection, so that I am unable to give the number 
of the books so received. 

' 2. The number of printed volumes in the Bodleian Library 
amounts to about 220,000; but this statement will very inade- 
quately express the real extent of the collection, as so many works 
have been bound together in one volume. 

'3. The number of manuscripts is about 21,000. 

'4. All graduates of the University have the right of admission 
to the Library; other persons must apply for admission to the 
regular authorities. 

'5. No register is kept of persons consulting the Library; 
accordingly, the number of students who have frequented it during 
the last ten years cannot be ascertained. 

' I have, &c. 

'BULKELEY BANDINEL, 

' Bodleian Librarian. 

'George Cornewall Lewis, Esq., 

' Under-Secretary of State, Whitehall.' 

The estimate of printed volumes here given is believed to be 
as nearly accurate as it was possible to make it, as considerable 
pains were taken in forming the calculation. The number of 
separate printed books and tracts may be reckoned as at least 
treble the number of volumes. With regard to the reply to the 
fifth enquiry some explanation is requisite. A register is kept 
of all the octavo and most of the quarto volumes taken out for 



-i 850 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



275 



readers, of all the volumes from special and separate collections, 
and of all the MSS. ; but no account is kept of the folios and 
other books on the ground-floor of the great room, which are 
accessible to readers themselves, and frequently used by them 
without the help of the assistants. Consequently, any returij of 
the number of readers entered on the register would not ade- 
quately represent the whole number of students who use the 
Library, although, of course, it would, with a margin for allowance, 
afford a very fair approximation. No record, however, of separate 
visits of readers is kept, as distinct from the books required ; so 
that although a reader may be at work for days or weeks together, 
yet, if he continue to use only the same books, one entry alone 
will be made of his name. 

A.D. 1850. 

The Hebrew collection was still further increased in this year 
by the purchase of sixty-two MSS., of which fifty-seven had been 
brought from Italy; and in 1851, by the purchase of some printed 
books collected by Dr. Isaac L. Auerbach, of Berlin, who had 
recently deceased. Every year about this time 1 saw additions to 
this branch of the Library, made chiefly through the agency of 
the late Mr. Asher, the well-known Jewish bookseller of Berlin, 
and also through the late Hirsch Edelmann, a learned Rabbi, 
who was for years a frequent reader in the Bodleian, from 
whence he commenced the publication of a series of extracts (see 
under the year 1693). Mr. Edelmann died a few years since in 
Germany. A series of works illustrating the history, civil and 
ecclesiastical, the geography, &c. of Hungary, Transylvania, Cro- 
atia, and other neighbouring provinces of the Austrian Em pin-, 

1 In 1845, about 320 printed volumes were purchased from a catalogue issuol 
at Hi-rlin by A. Ri-ln-nsti-iii. or Hcrii>ti-iii, and D. < 






276 ANNALS OF THE 1850- 

amounting to 400 volumes, was purchased for 78; and a similar 
but much larger collection, relating to the history of Poland, 
numbering no fewer than 1200 volumes, was purchased for 366. 
Three hundred and twenty volumes of early printed works, some of 
which were fine specimens of incunabula, were obtained at the sale 
of the duplicates from the Royal Library at Munich. It was an- 
nounced at the end of the Annual Catalogue that a special list of 
these, together with a catalogue of the Hebrew MSS. noticed 
above, and of the Hungarian and Polish collections, would be 
printed and circulated in the following year; this, however, was 
not done. 

A series of 600 English sermons, printed between 1600 and 
1720, bound separately, was purchased for 59. 

Various specimens of the first beginning of printing in one of 
the Friendly Islands, Vavau, consisting of the Bible in the Tonga 
language, and of several elementary books, were presented by 
Capt. Sir Jas. Everard Home, R.N. as also some elementary 
books printed at Apea by the natives, under the direction of 
the Missionaries, for the use of the natives of the Navigators' 
Islands. 

Dukes' Shropshire Collections. See 1841. 

A.D. 1851. 

At the sale of the books of the poet Gray, by Messrs. Sotheby 
and Wilkinson, on Aug. 28, his copies of Clarendon and of 
Burnet's Own Times (vol. i.). with many MSS. notes written by him 
in the margins, were bought for 49 ios. and 2 iBs. respec- 
tively 1 . Perfect specimens of facsimiles, which would defy detec- 
tion, were obtained for the completion of the Library copy of 

1 The Clarendon had been previously sold at an auction on Nov. 29, 1845, 
by Messrs. Evans, with various other books which had belonged to Gray. 



-1852 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 277 

Coverdale's Bible; being pen-and-ink copies of the title, from 
Lord Leicester's copy, and of the map of Palestine, from Lord 
Jersey's copy, executed with admirable skill by the late well-known 
facsimilist, Mr. J. Harris. 

A Supplemental Catalogue of the printed books, comprehend- 
ing all the accessions which had been made during the years 
1835-1847, was published in this year, in one folio volume, under 
the editorship of the Rev. Alfred Hackman, M.A., by whom the 
greater part of the earlier Catalogue had been compiled, as men- 
tioned at p. 268. 

On March 27, Convocation voted an addition of 50 per annum 
to the stipends of the Sub-librarians. 

Recovery of Pococke MS. 32. See p. 81. 

Malones Correspondence. See p. 232. 

A.D. 1852. 

In the Report of the University Commission, which was issued 
in this year, various suggestions were embodied which had been 
made by several witnesses. Sir Edmund Head renewed his plan 
of allowing books to be taken out of the Library by readers, 
and was supported by the opinions of Professors Wall and 
Jowett; but the proposal was met with the strong counter-testi- 
mony of Mr. H. E. Strickland 1 , Prof. Vaughan, Dr. W. A. Green- 
hill (at that time a constant reader in the Library)," Prof. Donkin, 
Mr. E. S. Foulkes, and others. And the Commissioners were 

1 Several important suggestions were made by this gentleman. One, that the 
Library Books should all be stamped with a distinguishing mark, is now in pro- 
cess of being carried out. Another, respecting the great importance of collecting 
the most ephemeral local literature, especially for the county of Oxford, and of 
procuring books printed at provincial presses, relates to a subject which has received 
much more attention of late years than formerly. A third, on the desirability, 
acknowledged (as we have seen) in the last century, of having a general Catalogue 
compiled of the books found in College Libraries which are wanting in the Bodleian, 
has unfortunately as yet seen no accomplishment. 



278 ANNALS OF THE 1852 

not prepared to report in favour of a plan which would at once 
lessen what was described as being one of the great advantages 
of the place, namely, the certainty of finding within its walls 
every book which it possessed. At the same time, they were 
disposed to recommend a relaxation in some instances of the 
strictness of the rule, and concurred in a suggestion made by 
Dr. Macbride and Mr. Storey Maskelyne, that duplicates should 
be allowed to circulate. Most, however, of the suggestions for 
extension of facilities to readers, as well as of the reasons alleged 
for alteration of system, have now been answered by the opening 
(through the liberality of the Radcliffe Trustees) of the Radcliffe 
Library as a noble reading-room for both day and evening. 
As the hours during which the Library may be used extend 
now, in consequence of this addition, from nine a.m. to ten p.m., 
it is at once apparent that the Bodleian presents greater advan- 
tages to students than can anywhere else be enjoyed; to which 
is to be added the readiness and quickness (specially testified to, 
in 1852, by Dr. Greenhill) with which, under all ordinary cir- 
cumstances, readers are supplied with the books which they 
require. The Commissioners in their Report called attention 
to a suggestion of Sir Henry Bishop, then Professor of Music, 
for the establishment of a classified musical library, which 
should comprehend, not merely the music received by the Bod- 
leian from Stationers' Hall, but all superior foreign music as well, 
of every school and every age. Such collections the Professor 
said were only to be found at Munich and Vienna. 

The Report and Evidence upon the recommendations of the 
Commissioners, which were issued by the Hebdomadal Board 
in the following year, did not differ widely in testimony or sug- 
orestions from those of the Commission. Dr. Pusey and Mr. Marriott 
agreed in deprecating the allowing removal of books, speaking 
(as did several of the witnesses before the Commission) from 



1852 BODLEIAN LIBRARY'. 279 

actual experience as constant readers in the place; and Dr. 
Bandinel mentioned, in a paper of observations which he con- 
tributed, the fact that he had been told by the Librarian of the 
Advocates' Library at Edinburgh that between 6,000 and 7,000 
volumes appeared to have been lost there from the facilities 
afforded to borrowers. A comparative tabular statement respecting 
the arrangements and rules of the libraries at Berlin, Dresden, 
Florence, Munich, Paris and Vienna, drawn up by Mr. Coxe 
from the Parliamentary Report on Libraries, which showed very 
favourably in behalf of the Bodleian, was subjoined by Dr. 
Bandinel to his evidence. 

The great feature of this year was the acquisition of the Italian 
Library of the Count Alessandro Mortara, consisting of about 
1400 volumes, choice in character and condition, for 1000. 
The Count, who was distinguished for his literary taste and 
knowledge of the literature of his own country, had, although 
holding the nominal office of Grand Chamberlain to the Duke of 
Lucca, taken up his abode in Oxford some ten years previously, 
on account of his desire to examine the Canonici MSS. and of 
his friendship with Dr. Wellesley, the late Principal of New Inn 
Hall. He became a daily reader in the Bodleian, where the 
interest which he took in the place, together with his polished, 
yet genuine, courtesy, made him a welcome and popular visitor. 
It was upon returning to Italy (where he died, June 14, 1855, at 
Florence), that he disposed of his valuable collection. A cata- 
logue, compiled by himself, with occasional short notes, was 
issued with the purchase-catalogue for the year. He also drew 
up a catalogue of the Italian MSS. in the Canonici collection, 
which was published, in a quarto volume, in 1864. (See under 
1817.) 

Among miscellaneous purchases were a few volumes which 
were wanted to make the Library set of De Hrv'- f 



2 8o ANNALS or THE 1852- 

complete, an imperfect copy of the Oxford Liber Festivalis (see 
1691), and a large collection of Dr. Priestley's writings (believed 
to have been made by himself), in thirty-nine vols. 

A. D. 1853. 

A portion of the collection of Hebrew MSS. formed by Prof. 
Isaac Sam. Reggio, at Goritz, amounting to about seventy-two 
volumes, was purchased for .108. Many other MSS. in this 
class of literature occur yearly in the accounts at this time. But 
the great acquisition of 1853 was the Breviarium secundum re- 
gulam beati Ysidori, dictum Mozarabes, printed on vellum at To- 
ledo, by command of Cardinal Ximenes, in 1502. 200 were 
given for this book, which is the only vellum copy known, and 
which is in most immaculate condition. It is of extreme rarity 
even on paper, as it is believed that only thirty-five copies were 
printed. 

An imperfect copy of Caxton's Chronicle, 1480, was bought 
for 2 1 ; and a large gathering of Norfolk tracts was obtained at 
the sale of Mr. Dawson Turner's library. 

It was in this year that Dr. Constantine Simonides visited the 
Library in the hope of disposing of some of the products of his 
Eastern ingenuity, but failed here, as also at the British Museum, 
although successful in most other quarters. It is much to be 
lamented that the talent and ability which he undoubtedly pos- 
sessed in no small degree were devoted to such unworthy pur- 
pose as his history discloses. The story of his interview with 
Mr. Coxe, then Sub-librarian, is well known, and was reproduced 
in an article in the Cornhill Magazine for Oct. 1867 (p. 499) ; and 
as the version there given appears to be substantially correct, it will 
be sufficient to borrow it from its pages : 

' On visiting the [Bodleian Library, Mr. Simonides] showed some 



-i854 BODLEIAX LIBRARV. 281 

fragments of MSS. to Mr. Coxe, who assented to their belonging 
to the twelfth century. " And these, Mr. Coxe, belong to the 
tenth or eleventh century?" "Yes, probably." "And now, 
Mr. Coxe, let me show you a very ancient and valuable MS. 
I have for sale, and which ought to be in your Library. To what 
century do you consider this belongs?" "This, Mr. Simonides, 
I have no doubt," said Mr. Coxe, " belongs to the [latter half of 
the] nineteenth century." The Greek and his MS. disappeared.' 

An account of this visit was given in the Alhenceum for March 
i, 1856, and a full narrative, including a letter from Sir F. Madden 
respecting the dealings with Simonides on the part of the British 
Museum, is to be found in S. L. Sotheby's Principia Typographica, 
vol. ii. pp. 133-136^. 

A.D. 1854. 

A very interesting series of eighteen autograph letters from 
Henry Hyde, the second Earl of Clarendon, was presented to 
the University by ' our honoured Lord and Chancellor/ the Earl 
of Derby 2 . They are best described in the following letter to 
the Vice-Chancellor, which accompanied the gift, and which is 
now bound in the same volume : 

' KNOWSLEY, Oct. 17, 1854. 

MY DEAR SIR, In looking over some old papers here the 
other day, I found (how they came here I know not) some 
original and apparently autograph letters, which appeared to 
me to be curious. They are private letters, addressed by 
Lord Clarendon, to the Earl of Abingdon, as Lord Lieutenant 
of Oxfordshire, during, and on the suppression of, the Duke 

1 The death of Simonides, from the terrible disease of leprosy, was announced as 
having occurred at Cairo in last year. 

2 A portrait of Lord Derby, in his Chancellor's robes, painted by Sir F. A. Grant, 
was given by him to the University about 1858, and now hangs in the Picture 
Gallery. 



282 ANNALS OF THE 1854- 

of Monmouth's Rebellion. I have no doubt of their genuine- 
ness; and if from the connexion of the University with the 
writer 1 , as well as the locality, you think they would be worth 
depositing in the Bodleian Library, I shall have great pleasure 
in offering them to the acceptance of the University for that 
purpose ; and in that case would send with them a miniature 
pencil drawing of the Duke of Monmouth, which is not too large 
to be let into the cover of the portfolio which should contain the 
letters, and for the authenticity of which I can so far vouch 
that it has been in this house since 1729, at least; since it appears 
in a catalogue of the pictures and engravings here which formed 
the collection at that time. 

' I am, my dear sir, 

' Yours sincerely, 

DERBY.' 

The portrait in question, which is a beautifully executed drawing, 
in an oak frame, marked on the back, ' Duke of Monmouth, by 
Foster/ is now fixed, as desired, in the present morocco binding 
of the volume. 

A collection of early editions of the Prayer-Book (including 
Whitchurch's May and June editions of 1549 and that of 1552), 
of the Metrical Psalter, and of Visitation Articles (amongst others, 
Edward the Sixth's Articles of 1547, and Injunctions of the same 
year), with a few miscellaneous books, was bought of the Rev. 
T. Lathbury, M.A., the well-known writer on English Church 
history, for 300. Various rare English books were purchased 
at Mr. Pickering's sale, and foreign dissertations, &c. at that of 
the library of Professor Godfrey Hermann, the Greek editor 
and commentator (who died Dec. 31, 1848), at Leipsic, in April. 

A.D. 1855. 

Three Greek Biblical MSS. of great antiquity were obtained 
from the collection of Prof. Tischendorf, being Nos. 3-5 of the 

1 The Earl was High Steward of the University. 



-1856 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 283 

volumes described in a small quarto catalogue issued (anonymously) 
by him of Codices Grcsci, &c. One of these three is of the ninth 
century, containing the Gospel of St. Luke, with portions of the 
other Gospels, which was bought for 125; another of the eighth 
century, containing the whole of St. Luke and St. John, bought for 
140; the third, also of the eighth century, containing the greatest 
part of Genesis, for 108. 

Rev. T. R. Browns Dictionary, &c. printed by himself. See 
1838. 

A.D. 1856. 

A volume containing two autograph letters of Luther was 
bought for 20, together with a large collection of printed books 
(formed by Schneider, of Berlin,) relating to him and the Ger- 
man Reformation, with various editions of his works, for 300. 
Another volume, with some small additional papers in the 
Reformer's hand, was subsequently obtained. 

The ever-increasing Bible collection received the addition of the 
very rare ed. princ. of the Bohemian Bible, printed at Prague in 
1488, which was obtained for 17 ios., and a still more rare 
edition of the Pentateuch, with New Test., &c. printed at Wittem- 
berg in 1529, obtained for eighteen guineas. A Roman Missal, 
printed 'ad longum, absque ulla requisitione/ (i.e. in a kind of 
'Prayer-book-as-read' form,) Lyons, 1550, was obtained for 20. 
It was arranged by Nicholas Roillet, Chanter of the Church of 
S. Nicetius at Lyons, with the view of avoiding difficulties and 
delays, ' sacerdotesque expectantibus molestos reddentes, ipsosque 
erga dictos circumstantes scandalum generantes, qui existimant illos 
nn solum ignaros sed nescientes quid agendum vel faciendam 
habeant ;' and was issued with the papal imprimatur of Paul III. 
But as Pius V and Clem. VIII subsequently forbade any variation 
whatsoever from the authorized Roman form, this Missal, like the 



2S 4 ANNALS' OF THE 1856- 

Breviary of Card. Quignones, was, with others, suppressed. And 
hence its rarity. 

Fifty guineas were given for a very large collection of Chinese 
works, numbering altogether about noo, which had been gathered 
by Rev. F. Evans, for some time a missionary in China. Some 
of the Chinese books in the Library have been subsequently 
examined and catalogued by Professor Summers, of King's Col- 
lege, London. 

On May 22, a new body of Library Statutes was confirmed by 
Convocation, after a complete revision of the previous regulations. 
The principal changes, besides the omission of various obsolete 
requirements, were -the adding five elected Curators, holding office 
for ten years, to the old ex officio body of eight ; the providing for 
the removal of books to the extra-mural ' Camera,' or reading- 
room, about to be added ; the fixing the stipend of the Librarian 
(including all the former fees and small separate payments) at 
700, and that of the Sub-librarians at 300, and the assigning to 
the former a retiring pension after twenty years' service of 200, 
and after thirty years', of 300, and to the latter, after thirty years', 
of 150; and the making a few alterations with regard to the 
times at which the Library should be closed, these times being 
lessened by about one week in the course of the year. 

A report from the eminent architect, Mr. G. G. Scott, on the 
means which might be adopted for the enlargement of the Library, 
and for rendering it fire-proof, dated in Dec. 1855, was printed in 
this year, together with one from Mr. Braidwood on the warming 
apparatus (see under 1821). Mr. Scott's report contained sug- 
gestions for the extension of the Library throughout the whole of 
the quadrangle and adjoining buildings, including the Ashmolean 
Museum, and proposed that the Divinity School should be assigned 
as a reading room, for which the great degree of light afforded 
by its large windows appeared peculiarly to fit it. The subsequent 



-1857 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 285 

assignment, however, of the Radcliffe Library as a reading-room 
for the Library, removed the immediate necessity for any other 
extension. In 1858 a paper on the subject, illustrated with a plan 
of the Library, was printed by the late Dr. Wellesley, who, after 
considering the various modes then suggested for the enlargement 
of the Library, recommended the adoption (from the British 
Museum) of presses running up direct from the ground through 
all the floors, by which the dangers attendant upon the increase of 
weight of the wall-pressure would be obviated. 



A.D. 1857. 

A collection of manuscripts, more interesting as to their history 
than as to their actual contents 1 , was presented by William and 
Hubert Hamilton, in memory, and in accordance with the wish, 
of their celebrated father, Sir William Hamilton. It comprises fifty- 
eight volumes (thirty-nine in folio, sixteen in quarto, and three in 
octavo) from the library of the Carthusian Monastery of Erfurt, 
famous as the place of Luther's early abode. A short catalogue 
of them, by Joh. Broad, was printed at Berlin in 1841, with a 
prefatory notice, from whi'ch we learn that they were preserved at 
Erfurt until 1805, when the library was broken up and dispersed 
on the occupation of the city by the French army, who stabled 
their horses in the place where the books were deposited, and 
burned many of them for fuel, while others were carried away and 
secreted with a view to their safety. Some of the latter were bought 
by the Count de Buelow, on whose death they were purchased 
from the subsequent possessors by Broad, and finally sold by him 
to Sir W. Hamilton. ' Nunc in earn terram demigrant,' says the 
bibliopolist, ' quse, quodcunque alicujus pretii est aut materialium 

1 For the most part, they consist of mediaeval sermons and theological treatises by 
writers of no great fame, together with some of the works of Aquinas. 



286 ANNALS OF THE 1857- 

aut spiritualium rerum, in suo gremio accumulare a Providentia 
Divina destinata videtur.' Another collection of MSS., from the 
same library at Erfurt, was on sale by Mr. J. M. Stark, the well- 
known bookseller (now of London), at Hull, in 1855, who issued 
a small catalogue of them in duodecimo. 

A valuable collection of Italian and Spanish MSS., amounting 
to about forty-six volumes, came to the Library by the bequest of 
Rev. Joseph Mendham, M.A., of Sutton Coldfield, who died 
Nov. i, 1856. The most important part of these is a series of 
twenty-eight volumes relating to the Council of Trent, which were 
purchased at the sale of the Earl of Guildford's library in 1830 by 
Thorpe, the bookseller, for 35, and re-sold by him to Mr. Mend- 
ham in 1832 for fifty guineas. It was chiefly from the materials 
afforded by these that Mr. Mendham drew up his Memoirs of the 
Council of Trent, published in 1834. They are described in 
Thorpe's Catalogue of MSS. on sale in 1831, and in the preface 
to Mr. Mendham's book. 

On June 18, the Rev. Robert Payne Smith, M.A., of Pembroke 
College, was appointed an Assistant Sub-librarian for the Oriental 
department, in consequence of the increasing infirmities of the 
aged senior Sub-librarian, Mr. Reay. 

A.D. 1858. 

On Oct. 30, an offer made by the Trustees of the Ashmolean 
Museum for the transfer of the printed books, coins, and MSS. there 
contained to the Bodleian, in order to facilitate the devotion of a 
part of the building to the purposes of an Examination School, was 
accepted by the Curators ; but a similar offer with regard to the 
antiquities was declined. The latter consequently remain in their 
old repository, but the collections in Natural History were trans- 
ferred to the New Museum. It was not, however, until 1860, that 
the books were actually received into the Library, where they now 






-1858 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 287 

fill one small room. Altogether they amount to upwards of 3700 
volumes, forming five different series. First are those of Elias 
Ashmole himself, numbering originally 2175, but reduced by 
losses before the transfer to 2136, of which about 850 are MSS 1 . 
This collection is extremely rich in heraldic and genealogical 
matter, together with an abundance of astrology. The printed 
books are chiefly scientific and historical ; these, with the books 
in the following collections, are now in process of incorporation 
into the new General Catalogue of the Library. A list of the 
MSS. is given in Bernard's catalogue, A.D. 1697; but a very 
elaborate and minute account, forming a thick quarto volume, was 
drawn up by Mr. W. H. Black, the well-known antiquary, and 
published in 1845. As this, however, was destitute of an index, it 
remained comparatively useless until 1866, when a full Index, 
edited by the writer of this volume, was published under the 
direction of the Delegates of the University Press. 

The next collection is that of Anthony a Wood, containing 
about 130 MSS. and 970 printed volumes 2 , which were be- 
queathed to the Museum by the owner on his death in Nov. 1695. 
The former are of extreme value for the history of Oxford and the 
neighbourhood; among the latter are most curious sets of the 
pamphlets of the time, with the ballads, fly-sheets, chap-books, 
almanacks, &c. just such ' unconsidered trifles' as most men suffer 
to perish in the using, but a few, like Wood, lay by for the amuse- 
ment and information of future generations. There are also seven 
volumes of his own correspondence, including letters from 
Dugdale, Evelyn, &c. Of the MSS. a list is to be found in the 
old Catalogue of 1697; a fuller and better one, compiled by 

1 This number includes some fifteen or sixteen volumes given by subsequent 
donors, but incorporated with Ashmole's own books. 

a About fifty volumes out of Wood's whole number were missing when the Library 
became possessed of them. 



288 ANNALS OF THE 1858- 

William Huddesford, M.A., the Keeper of the Museum, was 
printed in a thin octavo volume, in 1761, which was reprinted 
by Sir Thomas Phillips, at Middlehill, Worcestershire, in 1824. 
There are also bundles of charters and deeds, chiefly monastic, 
but nearly all more or less mutilated or injured by damp and dirt, 
so as to be partially useless. 

The third collection is that of Dr. Martin Lister, physician to 
Queen Anne, who died Feb. 2, 171^. Besides his books, he was 
the donor of various other gifts to the Museum, in return for 
which he was created M.D. of Oxford, in 1683. The books 
are chiefly medical and scientific, and number in a written cata- 
logue 1451 volumes (including thirty-two MSS.), but thirty-five 
of these were missing when the transfer from the Museum was 
made. 

The collections of Sir William Dugdale, which form a fourth 
series, number forty-eight volumes. A list of these is in the old 
Catalogue of 1697. 

In the fifth place there are the MSS. of the well-known antiquary, 
John Aubrey. These are about twenty in number, of which fifteen 
are in his own hand, and are described in Britton's Life of him, 
printed for the Wilts Topographical Society, pp. 88-123. Col- 
lections for the history of Wiltshire, entitled Hypomnemata Anti- 
quaria, form one of Aubrey's own works 1 , but unfortunately the 
second volume (marked with the letter B) is missing. It was 
borrowed from the Museum, in 1703, by William Aubrey, the 
author's brother, and was never returned. A paper on the subject 
was inserted by Rev. J. E. Jackson, in 1860, in vol. vii. of the 
Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, and a reward for information 
as to the present locale of the missing volume was subsequently 
publicly offered, but to no purpose, by the same gentleman. A 

1 These were printed by the Wiltshire Archaeological Society in 1862, in one 
volume quarto, under the editorship of Rev. J. E. Jackson. 



1858 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 289 

small MS. of Hora, which had belonged to Sir Thomas Pope, the 
founder of Trinity College, is among Aubrey's books. A MS. of 
Matthew of Westminster, (now e Mus. 149) had been given to 
the Library by Aubrey, in 1675, through Ant. a Wood. 

There are also five or six MSS. which were given to the 
Museum by William Kingsley before 1700. Some few others, 
which were given by E. Lhuyd and Dr. W. Borlase, together 
with a volume of W. Huddesford's correspondence, are now 
incorporated with the Ashmole MSS., and are described in 
Mr. Black's catalogue, as well as the latest gift of this kind which 
was made to the Museum, viz. a little volume of Private Thoughts, 
by Bishop Wilson, of Sodor and Man, which was presented in 
1824 by Lieut. Brett, R.N. 

Thirty-nine choice Persian and Arabic MSS., which had formed 
part of Sir Gore Ouseley's collection, were bought from his son, 
Sir Fred. Gore Ouseley, Bart., the present Professor of Music, for 
500. The rest of the collection came by gift, as will be seen 
under the following year. 

At the sale (in June Aug.) of the library of Dr. Bliss, a large 
number of volumes (still kept separate) were purchased, including 
a volume of original letters of Charles I, Clarendon, &c, and 
poems by Lord Fairfax (see p. 97); together with many from 
the series of books of Characters collected by Dr. Bliss, and from 
his like series, both of books printed in London shortly before 
the fire of 1666, and of books printed at Oxford. The Library 
obtained by his bequest his own interleaved copy of the 
with many MS. additions *. 



1 A very valuable Index of notes and references on all kinds of biographical, 
historical, and antiquarian matters, contained in forty small covers, which had been 
the growth of the many years of Dr. Bliss's literary researches, was bequeathed by 
him to Rev. H. O. Coxe, by whom it is kept in the Library for the use of readers, 
Several references are made to this Index in the earlier part of the volume, 



2 9 o ANNALS OF THE 1858- 

A copy of the octavo Bible printed by Barker in 1631 (not 
1632, as generally said), in which the word 'not' was omitted in 
the seventh commandment, was bought for 40. For this error 
(which looks very much like a wicked jest) the printer was fined 
1000 marks by the High Commission Court 1 , and the edition was 
rigidly suppressed, all the copies which could be found being 
condemned to the flames. 

Another purchase was a large collection of political tracts in 
seventy volumes, chiefly relating to foreign affairs, which had 
been formed by Mr. Hamilton, of the Diplomatic Service. 

A.D. 1859. 

Numerous MSS., chiefly classical, patristic, or Italian, were 
purchased at the sale of M. Libri's collection in London, in March. 
Amongst them was a Sacramentary, of the commencement of the 
ninth century, which was obtained for .43; and a copy of 
S. Cyprian's Epistles, also of the ninth century, for 84. Four 
volumes of the correspondence of Scholars at home and abroad 
with E. H. Barker, of Thetford, were also added to the Library 
from the sale of Mi. Dawson Turner's library. They are now 
numbered Bodl. MSS. 1003-1006. And the munificent gift of a 
very valuable collection of 422 volumes of Arabic and Persian 
MSS. was received from J. B. Elliott, Esq., of Calcutta. These 
chiefly consist of the MSS. which Sir Gore Ouseley (who died 
Nov. 1 8, 1844,) obtained during his diplomatic service in the 
East, commencing his collection when stationed at Lucknow. and 

1 In Burn's High Commission Court, 1865, it is said (from the Reports of pro- 
ceedings in the Court) that the fine inflicted on Barker was 200 and on Lucas 
100. 'With some part of this fine Laud causeth a fair Greek character to be 
provided, for publishing such manuscripts as time and industry should make ready 
for the publick view ; of which sort were the Catena and Tbeopbylact set out by 
Lyndsell.' Heylin's Cyprianus A nglicm, p. 228. 



-i 85 9 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 2 gi 

completing it while ambassador in Persia; of which Mr. Elliott 
had been the purchaser. A small remaining part had previously 
been bought by the Library, as noted under 1858. In 1860, 
Mr. Elliott added to his former gift a series of Eastern coins, 
and various handsome specimens of Eastern weapons; the 
latter are now exhibited in a case in the Picture Gallery. Five 
Sanscrit MSS. were received from Fitz-Edward Hall, Esq., of 
Saugur, who, at the same time, expressed his munificent intention 
of presenting hereafter the whole of his large collection. 

In this year, after considerable enquiry had been made re- 
specting different modes of cataloguing, and Mr. Coxe had 
reported on the arrangements adopted in the great libraries at 
home and some of those abroad, it was resolved by the Curators, 
upon that gentleman's recommendation, that the plan in use in 
the British Museum should be immediately introduced, for the 
purpose of commencing a new General Catalogue of all the printed 
books (excepting the Hebrew, of which a separate catalogue had 
been made) in the whole Library. By this plan, three or five 
copies, according as the case may be that of a single or double 
entry, are written simultaneously on prepared paper, as with a 
manifold-copier, the transcribers writing out in this way the 
entries of titles previously examined and corrected by the cata- 
loguers. The separate titles are then mounted, arranged in alpha- 
betical order, and bound in volumes. By this plan two copies 
of the Catalogue are at once written with the labour of one, 
while surplus slips are also provided for the formation hereafter 
of a classified catalogue as well. The use of the Catalogue, 
however, is thus confined to the Library itself; and the literarv 
world in general must still refer to the printed Catalogues of ' 
and 1851. A commencement of the new undertaking \vas made 
in this year; but it was not until 1862 that tin- present staff (as 
to numbers) of assistants \vas em]>l<>\e.l. and I!M- \u>rk eompleteh 

i - 



292 ANNALS OF THE 1859- 

organized. At present the letters A E, G H are catalogued; 
and the extent to which the whole Catalogue will run may be 
estimated from the fact that the letters B, C, and G fill sixty, 
sixty-five, and thirty-four volumes respectively. All the books 
are seen and examined separately; anonymous authors are, if 
possible, traced out; many errors in previous catalogues are cor- 
rected, and the number of entries is very largely increased. 

A.D. 1860. 

The resignation of the Librarianship by Dr. Bandinel, after 
forty-seven years of office in the capacity of Head, and a total 
of fifty of work in the Library, forms a leading feature in the 
Bodley Annals of this year. At the age of seventy-nine the 
natural infirmities of age were felt by himself to be incapacitating 
him for the duties which he had so long and so regularly dis- 
charged, while at the same time the continually increasing pres- 
sure of work and enlargement of the Library, made those duties 
much more onerous than they had been even a quarter of a 
century before. And so he resolved to withdraw at Michaelmas 
from the place to which he had been so heartily and entirely 
devoted, and which under his headship had been doubled in con- 
tents. The parting was not without a great struggle ; it was the 
abandoning what had been the cherished occupation of his life, 
and with the ceasing of that occupation he felt a too-certain 
foreboding (which he expressed to the writer of these pages) 
that the life would soon cease as well. A well-merited tribute was 
paid to him by Convocation in June, in both increasing the 
amount of his statutable pension, so that he retired on a full 1 
stipend, and in specially enrolling him among the Curators of the 
Library. But he was seldom seen in the old place after his 
resignation ; on two or three occasions only did he again mount 
the long flight of stairs which had of late tried both his strength 



-i860 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 



293 



and breath severely; and then, when only seven months had 
elapsed, on Feb. 6, 1861, he passed away. And little more than 
a fortnight previously, on January 20, his old colleague, Professor 
Reay, departed this life, at the age of seventy-eight. He also had 
retired on his pension at Michaelmas, 1860, and had been suc- 
ceeded as Oriental Sub-librarian by Rev. R. Payne Smith (As- 
sistant-librarian in the same department since 1857), whose appoint- 
ment was confirmed by Convocation on Nov. 22. Memoirs of 
Dr. Bandinel and Mr. Reay are given in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
(1861, pp. 463-6), which do justice, in the case of the former, 
to his watchful solicitude for the Library and his thorough ac- 
quaintance with it ; and in the case of the latter (evidently from 
intimate personal acquaintance), to his great kindliness of heart, 
and simplicity and gentleness of character. 

The Convocation for the election of Dr. Bandinel's successor 
was held on November 6, when, with unanimous consent, the 
Rev. H. O. Coxe, M.A., Sub-librarian since 1837, was appointed 
to the office. 

A most seasonable and valuable enlargement of the Library- 
was effected, by an addition which henceforth marks an sera in 
our Annals. On June 12, Convocation thankfully accepted an 
offer from the Radcliffe Trustees (which had been first mooted 
by Dr. Acland in 1856), of the use, as a Bodleian reading-room, 
of the noble building hitherto under their control, the existing 
contents of which had (for the most part) been removed to the 
New Museum. Dr. Radcliffe's own original intention had been 
the building an additional wing to the Bodleian rather than the 
erecting a library of his own; and subsequently the idea had 
been entertained of devoting his structure to the exclusive recep- 
tion of manuscripts 1 . Its appropriation, therefore, to the Bodleian 

1 In prosecution of this idea several valuable collections of Oriental MSS. were 
obtained, which still form part of the stores of the old Radcliffe Library. They 



294 



ANNALS OF THE 1860 



upon the removal of the library of medicine and natural history, 
was, in some sort, a return to the founder's first design. And 
the return came most seasonably, when the old walls of the 
Schools' quadrangle were well-nigh bursting from a plethora of 
books, and still the cry 'They come' daily caused fresh bewilder- 
ment as to whither those that came should go. It was resolved 
that the new reading-room thus opportunely gained should be 
appropriated to new books (arranged under a system of classi- 
fication) and magazines; that it should be called the 'Camera 
Radcliviana ;' and that it should be open from ten A.M. to ten P.M., 
thus affording the facilities for evening use of the Bodleian which 
had often been desired for those who were occupied in college 
work during the day. It was at the close of the year 1861 that 
the building began to be filled by its new occupants, and on 
Jan. 27, 1862, (the necessary alterations and preparations having 
been completed in the short space of the Christmas vacation) it 
was announced by the Vice-Chancellor to be open as a Reading 
Room in connection with the Bodleian. A grant of 200 per 
annum towards the expense of management w r as made by 

consist of the Arabic, Persian, and Sanscrit MSS. collected by Frazcr and by Sale, 
the translator of the Koran, which were obtained (as we learn from Sharpe's 
Prolegomena to Hyde's Dhsertationes, 1767, vol. i. p. xvii.) through Professor 
Thomas Hunt, at the suggestion of Dr. Gregory Sharpe ; and of the collations of 
the MSS. of the Hebrew Old Test, by Dr. Kennicott (Librarian 1767-1783), together 
with his correspondence and miscellaneous codices. The Sanscrit MSS. of Frazer 
and Sale are described in Prof. Aufrecht's catalogue. Other collections in the Rad- 
cliffe Library are the classical and historical (as well as medical) books of Dr. Frewin, 
a physician and Camden Professor of Anc. History ; and the law books of Mr. Viner, 
founder of the Vinerian Professorship and Scholarships; together with the works of 
J. Gibbs, the justly famous architect of the building in which they were kept, and 
some coins bequeathed by Wise, the first Librarian. Two volumes of Clarendon 
MSS. were bought for the Library in 1780, but were united some years since 
to the mass of those papers preserved in the Bodleian. It was not until the 
year 1811 that the Library was specially assigned to Medicine and Natural History. 
(See Report on the transfer of the Radcliffe Library to the Univ. Museum, by 
Dr. Acland, 1861.) 



1860 BODLEIAN LIBRARF. 295 

Convocation on Nov. 28, 1861, which was increased to 300 
in 1865, the remainder of the charge, consisting of the in- 
cidental expenses, being defrayed from the general funds of the 
Library. 

A large additional space for the reception of books was gained 
by the closing up the open ground-floor (through which was the 
former entrance to the reading-room), converting the spaces be- 
tween the outer arches into windows, and lining the walls within 
with book-shelves, thus affording accommodation, according to the 
present reckoning, for about 50,000 volumes. The whole building 
may probably be reckoned as capable of containing altogether 
about 75,000 volumes 1 . 

The terms on which the Radcliffe Trustees made their offer, 
and which were accepted by the University, were these: i. That 
the Radcliffe Building should be a reading-room to the Bodleian, 
or be used for any other purpose of the Bodleian Library. 
2. That it should remain the property of the Trustees, being 
esteemed a loan to the University. 3. That no alteration should 
be made in the building without consent of the Trustees or a 
Representative approved by them. 4. That the expense of main- 
taining the building should be borne by the Trustees. 

The transfer of this magnificent room afforded a rare oppor- 
tunity for developing the usefulness of the Library to which it is 
now attached, and all who frequent it will acknowledge that that 
opportunity has been well and worthily improved under the 
direction of the present Librarian. 

On Oct. 25, leave was granted by Convocation for the lending 
two Laud Manuscripts, 561 and 563, being copies of the 



1 An account of this assignment and arrangement of the Radcliffe Library, as 
also of the transfer of the Ashmolean books to the Bodleian, appeared in the 
Athenaeum for Jan. 1865, p. 2O. 



296 ANNALS OF THE 1860- 

Historia Hierosoylmitana, by Albert of Aix, to the French 
Government. 

At the sale of the library of Dr. Wellesley, Principal of New 
Inn Hall, a copy of Boccaccio's Corbaccio, 1569, was purchased, 
on account of its possessing the autograph of Sir Thomas Bodley, 
to whom it had been given by the editor, J. Corbinelli. 

A rare Salisbury Primer, printed at Rouen by Rob. Valentin 
in 1556, was purchased for 22. Its title affords an amusing 
specimen of a foreigner's mode of printing English; it runs 
thus This pryrner of Salisbury vse is se tout along with hou- 
tonyser chyng, with many prayers & goodly pyctures. It is intended 
hereby to be conveyed to the English reader that, without any 
searching, he will find his prayers and psalms set out in their 
proper order. 



A.D. 1861. 

One hundred and four volumes of Tamil MSS. were purchased ; 
as well as four Samaritan MSS. of the Pentateuch, of the twelfth 
century, which had been brought to England by a native of 
Samaria. 

The Syriac MSS. of the well-known Orientalist, Dr. Bernstein, 
were purchased by the Delegates of the Press, with a view to 
assisting in the great work of a Syriac Lexicon, upon which Mr. 
(now Dr.) Payne Smith was (and still is) engaged. 

The printing of the Annual Catalogues of purchases was 
discontinued, after the issue of the Catalogue for this year. 
Written registers are now kept in the Library of all the books 
bought in the course of each year ; and .only a list of benefactors, 
with the statement of accounts, is annually printed for circulation 
in the University and amongst donors. 



-i 86 2 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 297 

A. D. 1862. 

A large collection of British Essayists and Periodicals was 
presented by the late Rev. F. W. Hope, D.C.L., the munificent 
benefactor to the University Museum, the founder of the Pro- 
fessorship of Zoology, and the donor also of a large collection 
of engraved portraits and other prints 1 . The collection was one 
which had been formed by John Thomas Hope, Esq., the donor's 
father. It contains some 760 specimens of its class of literature, 
belonging chiefly to the eighteenth century. Special thanks for 
the gift were returned by Convocation, on Feb. 20. A catalogue, 
which had been drawn up for Mr. Hope by Mr. Jacob Henry 
Burn, containing notices in detail of the various publications, 
was printed at the University Press, in 1865, in an octavo 
volume. 

A Hebrew MS. of the Pentateuch, probably of the thirteenth 
century, was bought for 32 LOS. Some tracts relating to the period 
of the Great Rebellion were bought at the sale of Dr. Bandinel's 
extensive Caroline collection. 

On March 4, the Curators accepted the gift of a bust of Rev. 
F. W. Robertson, late incumbent of Trinity Chapel, Brighton, 
which had been purchased by subscription. It is now placed 
in the Picture Gallery. 

A large number of purchase-duplicates, which had accumulated 
during the course of many years, were removed from the Library 
and sold by auction, in London, by Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkin- 
son, in May. Among them were some of great rarity. The 
sale, which lasted five days, produced 766 is. 6d.; of which 
.110 $s. were given for a specimen of the St. Alban's press, the 

1 These engravings are deposited in the gallery of the Radcliffe, under the charge 
of a separate Keeper, the Rev. J. Treacher, M.A. They do not belong to the 
Bodleian. 



298 ANNALS OF THE 1862- 

Rhelorica Nova of Gul. de Saona, printed in 1489. A second 
and smaller sale, containing many English works of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries, took place on April 12, 1865, at 
which a copy of Chettle's Kind- Harts Dreame (1593), produced 
.101, and Decker's Guls Horne-Booke, 1609, 81. The proceeds 
of the whole sale amounted to 750 i8s. 6d. 

The Rev. Alfred Hackman, M.A., Chaplain and Precentor of 
Ch. Ch., and P. C. of St. Paul's, Oxford, and an Assistant in the 
Library of twenty-five years' standing, was approved by Con- 
vocation, on April 12, as Mr. Coxe's successor in the Sub-libra- 
rianship ; after a discussion, which led to the abrogation by Con- 
vocation, in February, of a provision in the Statutes forbidding 
the holding cure of souls in connection with that office or that 
of Head-librarian without special licence from the Curators. 

A.D. 1863. 

Among the purchases made in this year were the following : 
Card. Ximenes' rare treatise entitled Crestia, printed at Valentia 
in 1483 (25); Court-Rolls of Tamworth, Solihull, and other 
neighbouring places, obtained from Mr. Halliwell; and a col- 
lection, in three thick folio volumes, of placards, hand-bills, (fee, 
relating to the town of Coventry, formed by Mr. W. Reader, 
a printer in that place. 

Capt. Montagu Montagu, R.N., who died at Bath, on July 3 
in this year, bequeathed a collection of about 700 volumes, in 
various branches of literature, which was received at the Library 
about the beginning of 1864. There are about ninety editions 
and versions of the Psalter, with works on Psalmody, including 
a metrical version by Capt. Montagu himself; a large number 
of editions of Anacreon, Horace, Juvenal, Phaedrus, Petrarch, 
Boileau, and Fontaine's Fables; a few MSS. of Juvenal, Petrarch, 



-i 863 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 299 

&c. with a large series of autograph letters, chiefly obtained at 
Upcott's sale. There are, besides, a number of topographical and 
biographical works illustrated, more Suiherlandico, with additional 
engravings, together with many parcels of separate prints arranged 
for the same purpose. One item of particular interest which ac- 
companied the collection is a small sketch of Napoleon I, in profile, 
admirably executed by the well-known Italian artist, Giuseppe 
Longhi. It now hangs, framed and glazed, in the Library, together 
with a letter from Longhi himself, in French, dated at Milan, 
June 4, 1828, in which he narrates the occasion on which it 
was taken. He attended, in 1801, at Lyons, as a member of 
the ' Consulte Cisalpine,' for the settling the affairs of the Republic 
of Italy, under the presidency of the First Consul. It happened 
that during the delivery of a long harangue, full of tedious flattery, 
Napoleon sat vis-a-vis with the orator; and Longhi saw that 
an opportunity for exercising the cunning of his pencil had come. 
The light, which streamed in through the great window of the 
Church (!) where they were assembled, brought out the profile very 
clearly ; there was little fear of being cut short by the speaker's 
suddenly ceasing his declamation, or of being interrupted by move- 
ment on the part of the unconscious subject of the operation, for 
the latter sat immersed in thought upon matters far away, while 
regarding the speaker with a pensive air ; and so, while Napoleon 
sat pondering, Longhi sat sketching. And everybody, he declares 
with a pardonable pride, at Lyons and Paris, pronounced the 
likeness to be excellent. A small bust of Napoleon, now placed 
in the great window, came to the Library at the same time. A 
catalogue of Capt. Montagu's books, comprising forty octavo 
pages, was printed and circulated with the Annual Statement 
for 1864. 



3QQ ANNALS OF THE 1864- 

A.D. 1864. 

The chief acquisitions in manuscript books were various He- 
brew volumes (for 159), and a series of letters to Malone from 
Dr. Johnson, Mrs. Siddons, and others; and in printed books, 
a perfect copy of Cromwell's Great Bible, printed by Grafton in 
1539, which was bought of Mr. Fry, the well-known collector, 
for 100. 

A sixth part of the general catalogue of MSS. was issued, 
containing the Syriac, Carshunic and Mendean MSS., in number 
205, which had been drawn up by Rev. R. Payne Smith, M.A., 
and to which several facsimiles were appended. And the eighth 
part, containing the Sanscrit MSS., in number 854, appeared 
under the editorship of Theodore Aufrecht, M.A., now Professor of 
Sanscrit in the University of Edinburgh. A first fasciculus of 
this had been issued in 1859. 

A.D. 1865. 

At the beginning of January, a sale was held in London by 
Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson, of the stock of the late Mr. 
William Henry Elkins, a bookseller, of 41, Lombard Street. At 
this sale, the Library was the fortunate purchaser of what appears 
to be a genuine Shakespeare Autograph. The book is Ovid's 
Metamorphoses, printed by Aldus, at Venice, in October, 1502, 
in octavo ; and on the title is the signature ' W m . Sh r .' in a 
hand bearing no resemblance whatever to that of the Ireland 
forgeries, but not unlike that of the signature attached to Shake- 
speare's will. Opposite to the title, on a leaf pasted down on 
the original binding of the book, is the note, most certainly a 
genuine memorandum of the date to which it professedly belongs, 
of which a faithful facsimile is given with that of the autograph 



MET AMORPH OSZ 



/ / , V^ f f 

- iF^ 





i865 BODLEIAN LIJSRART. 301 

itself, in the accompanying lithograph 1 . That the note itself 
is no forgery is admitted by all who have examined it ; the 
volume, therefore, is certainly, by tradition, one which belonged 
to the poet. The only question is, whether the name may not 
have been forged in consequence of the existence of this note. 
To this, which is the opinion of some, it may fairly be replied, 
that, seeing no contracted form of Shakespeare's signature is 
known to exist, a forger would hardly have invented one for the 
occasion, but would have given the name in full ; while, on the 
other hand, if the signature be real, what more natural than that 
a subsequent owner should record the tradition that the indefinite 
' Sh r .' of this unimportant title-page was no other than the very 
definite ' Shakspere ' himself? The names mentioned in the note 
are names, as every one knows, connected with the poet's history. 
Hall was the marriage name of his daughter Susannah, to whom 
he left his house in Henley Street ; and one William Hall, a 
glover, appears from the Stratford Records printed by Mr. Halli- 
well, to have had a house in that street in 1660. He, doubtless, 
was the donor of the volume. Susannah Hall's daughter, Eliza- 
beth, was married to a Thomas Nash, who died in 1647; but 
though he died without issue, the initials ' T. N.' may well stand 
for some member of the family who bore the same names. 
That, therefore, a Hall should possess the book, and subse- 
quently give it to (most probably) a Nash, goes far to establish 
its genuineness as a Shakespeare relic. In a full account of 
the volume, supporting its pretensions, which appeared in the 
AthtJhcum for Jan. 28, 1865 (p. 126), it was pointed out that 
the two references to the story of Baucis and Philemon, which 
are found in Shakespeare's Plays, show that he was not 
unacquainted with the Metamorphose*. To this may be added 
a better proof of his knowledge of Ovid's writings in the fact 

1 The lithograph represents the lower half of the title-page. 



302 ANNALS OF THE 1865- 

that two lines from the Amores (I. xv. 35, 36) form the motto 
to the Venus and Adonis. As the volume is somewhat dirty, and 
has a well-worn air, it may possibly have been used by Shakespeare 
during those school-keeping experiences of which Aubrey tells 
us ; possibly, however, the wear and tear may be due to an 
older owner, who has plentifully interspersed his MS. notes in, 
apparently, a foreign hand, on many of the pages. Owing to 
a generally-entertained suspicion throughout the auction-room on 
the occasion of the sale of the volume, that the autograph must 
be a forgery, the Library became its possessor for the small sum 
of 9 M 

A small volume, containing several papers in the handwriting 
of Luther, was bought for 45. The first edition of Coverdale's 
New Testament, printed at Antwerp, by Matthew Crom, in 1538, 
was added to the Biblical collection. Two interesting and im- 
portant series of newspapers were obtained ; the one, a set (not 
quite perfect) of the London Gazette, from 1669 to 1859, bought 
for <2oo 2 ; and the other, a collection of London newspapers, 
from 1672 to 1737, arranged in chronological order in ninety-six 
volumes, obtained also for 200. This very curious collection 
had been formed by Mr. John Nichols ; its escape from destruction 
by the disastrous fire at his printing-office in 1808, is mentioned 
at p. 99 of the Gentleman's Magazine for that year. It is accom- 
panied by a MS. index, drawn up by Mr. Nichols himself. Many 
unknown contributions by Defoe to the journals of his time, have 
recently been traced in this series by a gentleman who has made a 
special study of the Defoe literature, Mr. W. Lee. 

1 The purchase of it, as of a relic ' which there is little doubt is genuine," is 
noticed in an article on Books and Book-collecting in the Cornbill Magazine 
for Oct. 1867, p. 496. 

2 The only portions of the London Gazette previously to be found in the Library, 
were of the reign of Charles II ; and these only came by the transfer of the 
Ashmolean Library. 



-1867 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 33 

Considerable assistance in completing the Library sets of the 
Public and Private Acts of Parliament was afforded, in this year, 
by the late Mr. W. Salt. 

Specimens of the first books printed in the Dyak language, 
which were issued at Singapore in 1862, were given by Rev. J. 
Rigaud, B.D., of Magdalene College. 

On the appointment of Dr. Jacobson to the See of Chester, 
Mr. R. Payne Smith became his successor in the office of Regius 
Professor of Divinity. Professor Max Mttller, M.A., was there- 
upon nominated to take Mr. Smith's place as the Sub-librarian in 
special charge of the Oriental department, and the nomination 
was confirmed in Convocation on Nov. 7. 

A.D. 1866. 

There is not much to notice under this year, save that the 
Vulgaria quedam abs Terencio in Anglican linguam traducta, 
printed at Oxford before 1483, was obtained, in a volume con- 
taining also two tracts printed by J. de Westphalia, at the sale 
of the library of Mr. Thomas Thomson, of Edinburgh, for 36. 
Although complete in itself, it appears to have formed a part 
of a larger work, as the signatures run from n. to q., in eights. 

A.D. 1867. 

The closing year of these memorials is distinguished by the 
acquisition of a volume described by Archdeacon Cotton, in his 
Typographical Gazetteer, as being 'of the very highest rarity.' 
It is a fine copy of the Brerian'um filer dense, printed at Lerida, 
in Spain, in 1479, by Henry Botel. Besides being remarkable 
from its rarity, there is special interest attaching to the volume 
from the fact that it was printed at the sole expense of the 
bell-ringer of the cathedral ! The colophon states that ' An- 
tonius Palares, campanarum ejusik-m ecdeskv jmlsator, propriis 



3 o 4 ANNALS OF THE 1867 

expensis fieri fecit.' The volume was bought from Mr. Boone 
for 36. 

A somewhat imperfect copy of the rare Bible printed at Edin- 
burgh by Arbuthnot and Bassandyne in 1579, being the first 
edition printed in Scotland, was another purchase of the year ; 
as were also two thick volumes of recent transcripts of the 
Stuart correspondence, preserved in the Imperial Library at 
Paris. 

Within the last few years considerable attention has been paid 
by the Librarian to the formation of a series of editions of the 
English Bible. The number now collected is very large, and 
approaches very nearly to a complete gathering of every edition 
before 1800, which has any claim to regard either from date, 
imprint, variety of size, correctness, or incorrectness. Early 
Quaker tracts have also been largely collected, together with 
editions of Cotton Mather's works and those of John Bunyan. 

A portrait of the Prince of Wales, in academic dress, painted 
by Sir J. Watson Gordon, was presented towards the close of 
the year to the University by the Prince, in memory of his 
academic days, and now hangs conspicuously at the entrance 
of the Picture Gallery, to which it forms the latest addition. 

Prof. Max Mtiller having resigned his Sub-librarianship on 
account of health, the Rev. J. W. Nutt, M.A , Fellow of All 
Souls' College, was approved by Convocation, on June 25, as 
his successor in the charge of the Oriental department. 

The number of printed volumes at present in the Library may be 
estimated at nearly 350,000. It was returned to Parliament, in 1848, 
as about 220,000; and with a view to this return a calculation as 
nearly accurate as possible was then made. An estimate has now 
been made of the additions received since that date ; and from this 
it appears that some 79,500 volumes have been placed in the old 
Library and 45,000 in the Camera Radcliviana, making a total for 



1 86 7 BODLEIAN LIBRARY. 305 

the whole collection of about 345,000 volumes. Within the same 
period about 5000 additional manuscripts have been obtained, 
making a total of nearly 25,000. The number was returned in 
1848 as being about 21,000, but this appears to have been some- 
what in excess of the fact. The proportion was singularly over- 
estimated in 1819, for Clarke, in his Repertorium Bibliographicum 
published in that year (p. 68), states that the Library contains 
upwards of 160,000 volumes, of which 30,000 are manuscripts! 
The annual rate of ordinary increase of printed books at present, 
apart, of course, from the accession of any entire collection or 
special purchase, may be reckoned at about 3000 volumes, ex- 
clusive of magazines, of which two -thirds come from Stationers' 
Hall under the provisions of the Copyright Act. 



f (oreat gtbliotbeni. 



APPENDIX A. 



Account of the Muscovite Cloak mentioned at p. 40. Extracted from 
vol. vi. of B. Twynes Collections (among the University Archives), 
f- 97- 

' Mr. Smyth's Relation of the Tartar Lambskinne garment 
in Bodleiana, Oxon. 

' Sir Rich. Lee, knight, about the later ende of the raigne of the 
late Qu. Elizabeth, being by her Maiestie sent ambassador into 
Russia, amongest other novelties of the cuntry found by the inform- 
ation of the inhabitants, that in Tartaria, a cuntrie neere adioyning to 
Muscovia and Russia, and vnder the gouernement of the Emperour of 
Russia, there did some yeres growe out of the ground certaine livinge 
creatures in the shape of lambes, bearinge wooll vppon them, very like 
to the lambes of England, in this manner; viz., a stalke like the stalke 
of an hartichocke did growe vp out of the ground, and vppon the toppe 
thereof a budd, which by degrees did growe into the shape of a lambe, 
and became a liuinge creature, resting vppon the stalke by the navell ; 
and as soone as it did come to life, it would eate of the grasse growinge 
round about it, and when it had eaten vp the grasse within its reach 
it would die. And then the people of the cuntry as they finde these 
lambes doe flea of their skins, which they preserue and keepe, esteem- 
inge them to bee of excellent vse and vertue, especially against the 
plague and other noysome diseases of those cuntries. 

'Vppon this information, Sir Rich. Lee was very desirous to haue 
some of the skyns of these Tartar lambes for his money, which at that 
time was not to be gotten for money ; for that whensoeuer any of those 
lambes were at any time found, it was very rarely ; and then also when 
they were found, they were presented to the Emperor, or to some 
other great man of the cuntrie, as a present of great worthe. 

'At this time the Emperour had a gowne or longe cloake, made after 
the fashion of that cuntrie with the skins of those Tartar lambes ; which 
garment the then Duke, and since Kinge, of Swethland was very 
desirous to haue and offered great summes of money for, but could 
by no meanes obtayne his desire. 

x j 



3 o8 APPENDIX A. 

'At this time also Sir Rich. Lee had an agatt of so great biggenesse 
that he made thereof a pestle and a morter, whiche the Emperour 
hauinge notice of, was desirous to haue for his money. Sir Rich. Lee, 
vnderstandinge thereof, sent it to the Emperour as a present from him, 
which the Emperour would not accept as a gift, neither would he haue 
it but for his money. Sir Richard, beinge willinge the Emperour 
should haue the pestle and the morter, yet lothe to playe the marchant 
at that time, did therefore deliuer this pestle and morter, into the 
hands and custodie of the Emperour's physitian to beate his physicke 
in it for the Emperour; which manner of giuinge this pestle and 
morter did so please the Emperour, as that he caused secret enquirie 
to be made whether there were any thinge in those cuntries which 
Sir Richard was desirous to haue, and by that means had notice that 
Sir Richard had endeuoured to haue gotten some of their lambeskyns. 
Wherevppon the Emperour, after Sir Richard had taken his leaue of 
him, and had receaued a great gift of him as an Ambassador, and was 
departed one dayes iourney toward England, the Emperour sent after 
him the before mentioned garment so made with their Tartar lambe- 
skyns as aforesaide, and with it some fewe skynnes loose, and gaue 
them all vnto him freelie. 

' Sir Richard Lee, travaylinge homewards, came to the Kinge of 
Swethlandes court, who demaunded of him of diverse thinges of the 
cuntrie of Muscovia ; and, amongest other thinges, asked him whether 
he had scene the aforesaid garment, and he answered, that he had 
not only seene it, but had it in his possession ; whereat the Kinge of 
Swethland admired, sayinge he had longe laboured to get it for loue 
or money, but could neuer obtayne it. 

' Sir Rich. Lee in this iourney had not onely gotten this garment and 
Tartar lambeskyns, but diverse other rich furres and other rarities of 
great price ; the greatest part whereof the Queene tooke of him, and 
promised him recompence for them, which she neuer performed ; which 
was partly the cause that he concealed this garment from her duringe 
her life. And when Sir Rich. Lee died himselfe, he by his will gaue 
it to the Library in Oxford, to be kept as a monument there, beinge, 
as he conceiued, the fittest place for a Jewell of so great worth and 
sestimation as that is or ought to be. 

' Sir Rich. Lee was the neere kinseman of my wife ; by reason where- 
of, I was very familiarly acquaynted with him ; and vppon conference 
had with him about his trauayles at sundry times, I had the true 
relation of all the premisses from his owne mouthe. And I comminge 
to Oxford to the Act, and findinge this garment in Sir Tho. Bodley's 
studdie or closet, without any expression made of the raritie or worth 



APPEND IX A. 309 

of this garment, did discouer so much as I haue herein written to 
Mr. Russe, the Keeper of the Library ; at whose request I hauc sett 
it downe, in writinge. And in testimonie of the truthe thereof, I haue 
herevnto subscribed my name, the 1 3th of July, 1624. 

'EDWARD SMYTHE. 

' Transcribed out of the originall with Mr. Russe. 
' This Mr. Smyth was a Counsellor of the Temple.' 

It appears from this account that the box of scented wood ordered 
by the Curators in 1614 had never been provided, and that the cloak 
was already beginning to be neglected. Doubtless suspicion had been 
early excited as to the truth of the traveller's story which had accom- 
panied the gift, and which could scarcely have obtained real credence 
later than the days of Marco Polo or Sir John Mandeville. In the 
Ashmolean Museum a painting is preserved which represents the 
Agnus Scythicus in its fabled state; a full-grown lamb poised on the 
top of a vegetable stalk, with its legs dependent in the air 1 . But the 
key to the mystery is attached in the label on the frame : ' Polypodium 
Barometz. Linn.' It is, in truth, only a large fern found in Tartary, 
of which the rhizoma is covered with the woolly fungus-like growth, 
found in greater or less degree on many species of ferns. If the plant 
be dug up and inverted, the roots being uppermost and the fronds 
pendent, a strong imagination might find some resemblance in the 
former to a wool-clad body, and in the latter to limbs, while some of 
the young fronds with their spiral convolutions might be compared 
to the horns of a ram, such as are duly represented in the painting 
mentioned above. A specimen of the plant may be seen in the green- 
houses of the Botanic Garden, Oxford, where it is still known by tl 
name which the fable imposed, Agnus Scythicus, So great is the woolly 
growth found upon one species of tree-fern in New Zealand, that ( 
the writer was informed by Mr. Baxter, the Keeper of the Botanic 
Garden) tons of it are yearly imported into this country for the pur- 
pose of stuffing cushions. A finer and silkier substance is found < 
a fern indigenous in Mexico. 

i For acquaintance with this picture the author is indebted to Mr. Rowell, whose 
scientific knowledge so well fits him for the post he worthily hoUs U^-k ceper 
of the Ashmolean Museum. In Tradescanfs Catalogue of the fir t conte 
Museum as formed by himself, published in 1656, occurs a coat lyned 
Scytbicus,' but it does not now exist in the collection. 



3 io APPENDIX B. 



APPENDIX B. 

List of Books printed on Vellum, which have been added to the 
Library since the year I83O 1 . 

1460. dementis VIII Constitutiones, cum glossa Jo. Andrea. Ed. Pr. 
fol. Mogunt., Petr. Schoiffer de gernssheim. Bought in 1838 for 45/. 

1468. Justiniani Institutiones. Ed. Pr. fol. Mogunt. per Petr. Schoyffer 
de Gernssheym. Bought in 1834 for 527. T.OJ. 

1476. Historia Naturale da Plinio, trad, per Chr. Landino. fol. Ven. 
Nic. Janson. The borders at the commencement of each book, with 
the principal initial letters, are exquisitely painted and illustrated with 
the portrait and arms of Ferdinand II of Sicily, to whom the work 
was dedicated, as well as those of Strozzi, for whom this copy was 
probably executed. Bequeathed by Mr. Douce. Exhibited in the 
glass case at the end of the Library. 

1480. Bre-viarium Eduense, 4to. by order of Card. John Rolin, 
Bishop of Autun, ' Symon de Vetericastro eius Secretarius, parisius 
hoc breviarium cum pluribus similibus imprimi fecit.' Bought in 1838 
for 2/. 4.;. 

1481. Miisale Pariiiense. Ed. Pr. fol. Par., Jo. de Prato et Desid. 
huym. Bought in 1842 for io/. loj. 

1482. Ordo Psalterii cum hymnis et canticis suis. Small 4to. Ven. per 
Nicolaum Girardenguz. From the Canonici collection. 

1484. Officium diurnum secundum morem monachorum congregation!* 
Sancte Justine, ord. 5. Benedicts. 8vo. Ven. per Bern, de Benaliis (&c.). 
Bought in 1843 for i/. 14^. 

1493. Pars by emalis bre'viarii fratrum Qbser-vantialium, ord. S. Bene- 
dicti, per Germaniam. 8vo. impensis Georii Stochs ex Sulczbach, civis 
Nurembergensis. Bought in 1841 for i^s. 

S. A. A small duodecimo book of prayers, in German, without any 
title ; with woodcuts. Printed with the types of Hans Schonsperger, 
of Augsburg. Bequeathed by Mr. Douce. 

1500, Aug. 14. Heures a lusage de [Tours ; the name left blank]. 8vo. 
Paris, pour Anthoine Verard. With illuminations. Bought in 1844 
for 61. 

1 Supplemental to the list appended to Archdeacon Cotton's Typographical 
Gazetteer in 1831. That numbered 180 separate books; the present additions 
amount to fifty-four, of which all but nineteen are in the Douce collection. 



APPENDIX B. 3II 

1502. Breviarium sec undum regulam beati Hysidori. Fol. Toleti, jussu 
Card. Fr. Ximenes, per Petr. Hagembach. Bought in 1853 for 2 oo/. 
See p. 280. 

1505. Bre-viarium secundum usum Herford. 8vo. Rothom., per Inghil- 
bertum Haghe. Bequeathed by Gough. 

1514. Le Chevalier de la tour et le guidon des guerres ; par Geoff "roy 
de la Tour-Landry. Fol. Par., pour Guill. Eustace. Bequeathed by 
Mr. Douce. 

1522. Llbri quattuor magnorum Prophetarum bis adduntur Threni, 
&c. i2mo. Par., Petrus Vidoveus. Given by Rawlinson. 

1529. S. Joannes Cbrysostomus in omnes Epistolas 5. Fault ; Gr. 3 vols. 
fol. Ven. Bought in 1843 for 45/. 

1629. Rituale monasticum secundum consuetudinem congregationis Val- 
lisumbroscB. Fol. Florent. Bought in 1843 f r ?' I 7- f - &d. 

1642. Bibliotheca Eliotce. Eliotis Librarie, Londini, anno Verbi in- 
carnati M.D.XLII. A fragment, consisting of title, Proheme to Henry 
VIII in English, address to the reader in Latin, and table of errata; in 
all, five leaves. 

1859. Rotulus C/onensis, ex orig.in Registro Eccl. Cath. Clonensis, editus 
cura Ric. Caulfield. The first book printed at Cork on vellum, and the 
only one so printed. Given by Dr. Caulfield in 1865. 

1 86 1. The Sou/ciier's PocAet Bible; an exact reprint of the original 
edition of 1643, with a prefatory note by George Livermore. 12 mo. 
Cambridge [U.S.], printed for private distribution. This copy was 
given by Mr. Livermore to Archd. Cotton, and by him to the Library. 
Itwas reprinted from a copy in the possession of the editor; only one 
other is known to exist. 

1866. pn 12D Sepher Taghin: Liber Coronularum, ex unico 
bibl. Paris, cod. MS. a B. Goldberg descriptum, nunc primum 
edidit, adjectis ad calcem libri aliquot exceptis ex alio codice ejusdem 
bibl. inedito, J. J. L. Barges, S. Theol. facult. Paris, doctor. 8vo. 
Lut. Par. 

1867. Q'W ntyyD Edited by Dr. B. Goldberg, from Pococke 
MS. 238. 8vo. Paris. The only vellum copy printed. Bought for 3/. 

N. D. Geological Map of the Environs of Oxford; by C. P. Stacpoole. 
Bought in 1850 for i/. $s. 

The following vellum-printed Horce were all bequeathed by Mr. 
Douce : 

1498. Les heures a lusaige de Rome. 4to. Par., pour Simon Vostre. 
4 to. Par., per Gillet Hardouyn. 



3 i2 APPENDIX B. 

1498. Hore secundum usum Sarum. 8vo. Par., per Phil. Pigouchet. 
T 499- Officium B. M. V. in usum Romane ecclesie. 8vo. Lugd. Bon. de 
boninis. 

1501. Hore Vtrg. Mar. secundum usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., Thiel- 
man Kerver. 

[1501.] Let heures a lusaige de Rome. 8vo. Par., Simon Vostre. 

1502. By the same printer. 

1504. 8vo. Par., Anth. Chappiel. 

1505. Officium B.M.V. in usum Rom. eccl. 8vo. Ven., Lucantonius 
de Giunta. 

1508. Hore secundum usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., Thielman Kerver. 
8vo. Par., Guill. Anabat. 

1511. 8vo. Par., Theilman Kerver. 

[1512.] Les heures a lusaige de Rome. 8vo. Par., per Joh. de Brie. 

[1512.] Heures a lusaige de Sens. 4to. Par., Jehan de brye. 

1514. Orationes et bore in usum Romanum. 4to. (Aug. Vind.) per 
Jo. Schonsperger. 

Another edition by the same printer in the same year, but 
without name or date. 

1517. Horce ad usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., Thielman Kerver. 

1522. Horce secundum usum Romanum. 4to. Par., Thielman Kerver. 

[1522.] Les heures a lusaige de Rome. 8vo. Par., par Germ. 
Hardouyn. 

1526. Horce secundum usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., Thielman Kerver. 

1527. Hore in laudem B. V. Marie, secundum consuetudinem ecclesie 
Parisiensis. 8vo. Par., per Sim. du bois. 

[1528.] Horce, secundum usum Romanum, cum multis suffragiis et 
orationibus de novo additis. 8vo. Par., Germ. Hardouyn. 

1529. Horce in laudem. B. Mar., secundum usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., 
apud Gotofr. Torinum. 

S. A. Hore B. Marie. 8vo. M. E. Jehannot. 

5. A. Hore secundum usum Romanum. 8vo. Par., G. Hardouyn. 

Another edition by the same printer. 

S. A. Les heures a lusaige de Rome. 4to. Par., per Guill. Godar. 

S. A. Hore secundum usum Sarum. 4to. Rich. Pynson. 

5. A. Les heures a lusaige Dangiers. 8vo. [Par.] Simon Vostre. 

5. A. Heures a I'usaige de Soissons. 8vo. [Par.] Simon Vostre. 

S. A. Heures de nostre dame en Francoys et en Latin. 4to. Par., 
Anth. Verard. 

5. A. Heures. 8vo. Par., Anth. Verard. 



APPENDIX C. 313 



APPENDIX C. 

List of MSS. formerly in the possession of Cathedrals, Monasteries, 
Colleges, and Churches in England, Scotland, and Ireland 1 . 

Aberdeen Cathedral. Ashmole, 1474. 

Abingdon. Digby, 39, 146, 227 (fine Missal, with Calendar). 

-- John Crystall, Monk of. Rawlinson, C. 940. 

Alban's, St. Auct. F. II. 13 ; Bodl. 569 ; Laud Lat. 67 ; Laud Misc. 
279, 358, 3 6 3, 370, 409; Rawlinson, C. 31; Rawlinson, Auct. 99 
(obtained through Brother Hugh Legat, and given by Abbot John 
Stoke). 

Sub-prior. Bodl. 467. 

-- Sub-sacrist. Ashmole, 1796. 

Alvingham, Line. Laud Misc. 642. 

Athdare, Kildare. Rawlinson, C. 320. 

Barking. Laud Lat. 19. 

Beauvale, or Bellavalle, Notts. Douce, 114. 

Bedford. The Minorites. Laud, 176 (given by John Grene, D.D. 
in 1471)- 

Belvoir, Line. E Mus. 249. 

Bilsington, Kent. Bodl. 127 (given by John, Vicar of Ncwchurch). 

Bordesley, "Warwickshire. Bodl. 168. 

Boxgrave, Sussex. Rawlinson, A. 411. 

Bradsole, near Dover, Priory of St. Radegund. Rawlinson, B. 336. 

Bridlington. Auct. D. infra, II. 7 ; Bodl. 357. 

Byland, or Bellaland, Yorkshire. Bodl. 842 (bought from a carpenter); 
Laud Misc. 149. 

Canterbury, Ch. Ch. Bodl. 214, 379; Laud Misc. 165; Tanner, 18, 
223 ; Rawlinson, C. 168 (Missal, given by Archbp. Warham). 
- \V. Bonyngton, a monk, 1483. Rawlinson, B. 188. 



Another monk. Bodl. 648. 

St. Augustine's. Bodl. 299, 381, 391, 464, 600; E 



223 ; Laud Lat. 65 ; Laud Misc. 225, 296; Wood Donat. 13 ; Ashmole, 
1431; Barlow, 32; Hatton, 94 ; Maresch. 33; Rawlinson, C. 7, 117, 159. 

1 This list does not profess to be complete. But it is believed to comprehend 
most of the MSS. which afford distinct evidence of former ownership of this kind. 



3i4 APPENDIX C. 

Carlisle Cathedral. Bodl. 728. 

(a House at). Laud Misc. 582. 

Chichester Cathedral (?). Bodl. 142. ('de dono Seffri. Episc.') 

Cirencester, St. Mary's Abbey. Barlow, 48. 

Cokersand, Lane. Rawlinson, C. 317. 

Coventry Cathedral. Digby, 33 (given by Rich. Luff, monk). 

St. Mary's Priory. Auct. F. III. 9. 

Cropthorn, Wore. Rector in 1279. Rawlinson, B. N. Auct. 169. 

Croyland. Rawlinson, C. 531. 

Dore, Hereford. Laud, 138; E Mus. 82. 

Dover Priory. Bodl. 920 (Catalogue of the Library). 

Hosp. of St. Bartholomew. Rawlinson, B. 335. 

Dublin, Cathedral of Ch. Ch. or Holy Trinity. Rawlinson, B. N. 
Auct. 185 (a magnificent Psalter, written by direction of Prior Stephen 
de Derby ; see p. 179). 

Abbey of St. Thomas. Rawlinson, B. 500. 

Hosp. of St. John Bapt. Rawlinson, B. 498. 

St. Mary's Abbey, near Dublin. Rawlinson, B. 495, C. 60 ; 

Rawlinson, Misc. 1137. 

Church of St. John Evang. Misc. Liturg. 337. 

Dulci Corde, or Sweet-Heart, Galloway. Fairfax, 5, (belonged to 
'Dervorgoyl de BaylP[iol], the foundress of this house, and of Balliol 
College. Bought by Fairfax at Edinburgh in 1652). 

Dumfermline (?). Fairfax, 8. 

Dunbrothy, Wexford. Rawlinson, B. 494. 

Durham Cathedral (St. Cuthbert). Laud Lat. 12; Laud Misc. 368, 
489 ; Rawlinson, C. 4. 

Thomas Dune, a monk. Douce, 129. 

Edmund's, Bury St. Bodl. 216, 240, 297, 715, 737, 860; E Mus. 6, 
7, 8, 9, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 36, 112; Laud Misc. 742; Rawlinson, C. 697 
(all between the nth and i3th century); Misc. Liturg. 310 (Martyro- 
logium ; given by Rich. Fuller, Chaplain, and Rich. Aleyne, Kerver, in 
1472. Bequeathed by Rawlinson). 

Ely. Laud, 112. 

Evesham. Auct. D. I. 15 ; Laud Lat. 31 ; Barlow 7 (Officia Eccles.); 
Rawlinson, B. N. Auct. 16. 

Exeter Cathedral. Auct. D. II. 16, F. III. 6; Bodl. 579, 708 (these 
given by Leofric); Auct. D. I. 7 and 12 (given by Hugh, Archd. of 
Taunton); 9 (given by Adam de St. Bridget, Chanter), 13, 18; D. II. 
8; D. infra, II. 9 (?) ; D. III. 10, u (?) ; Auct. F. I. 15; Bodl. 92, 137, 
147, 148, 149, 150, 162 (given by Richard Brounst, Vicar Choral), 206, 
272, 273, 279> 286, 287, 289, 311, 314, 315) 333, 335? 377, 380, 393 



APPENDIX C. 3 i- 

463 (given by the Executors of Bp. Lacy), 482, 691, 707, 708, 717, 718, 
720, 725, 732, 738, 744 (given by the Executors of Dr. John Snetesham), 
748, 749. 786, 8 10, 829 (given by the Executors of Bp. Lacy), 830, 865. 
Wood Donat. 15 (given by Executors of John Snetesham, D.D., Canon 
and Chancellor, 1448). 

Exeter. Hosp. of St. John Bapt. Laud, 156. 

Finchale, Durham. Laud Misc. 546. 

Ford, Devon. Laud Misc. 606. 

Fountains' Abbey. Ashmole, 1398, 1437 ; Laud Misc. 310, 619. 

Gainford, Durham. Thomas Heddon, Vicar. Rawlinson, A. 363. 

Garendon, Leic. Ashmole, 1516. 

Gisburne, Yorkshire. Laud Lat. 5. 

Glastonbury. Laud Lat. 4; Laud Misc. 128 (belonged to Thomas 
Wason, Abbot). 

Hanworth (Middlesex?); Richard, Rector. Rawlinson, B. N. Auct. 
165. 

Hatfield Peverel, Essex. Rawlinson, B. 189 (given by John Bebseth), 
Prior. 

Hereford Cathedral. Rawlinson, C. 67. 

: Vicars Choral. Rawlinson, C. 427. 

The Minorites. Hatton, 102. 

Hexham ('Hextildesham'). Bodl. 236. 

Hickling, Norfolk. Tanner, 194, 425. 

Holme Cultram, Cumb. (S. Mar. de Holmo); Hatton, 101. 

Jorevall, Yorkshire. Bodl. 514. 

Kenilworth, or Kelyngworth, Warw. Auct. F. III. 13 (bequeathed 
by John Alward, Rector of Stoke Bruerne). 

Kilmainham, Dublin. Hosp. of St. John Bapt. Rawlinson, B. 
5i. 

Kingswood, Wilts. E Mus. 62. 

Kirkstall. Laud Lat. 69; Laud Misc. 216; E Mus. 195. 

Langley, Norfolk. Bodl. 242 (Rtgistrum). 

Leedes, Kent. Bodl. 406. 

Leicester, St. Mary of the Meadows. Laud Misc. 623, 625. 

Lesnes, or Lyesnes, or Westwood, Kent. Bodl. 656 ; Douce, 287. 

Lichfield Cathedral. Ashmole, 1518. 

London, St. Paul's Cathedral. Digby 89 ('Liber Magistri Thomac 
Lysiaux, decani Sancti Pauli'). 

The Carmelites. Laud Lat. 87. 

' Domus Salutationis Matris Dei, ord. Carthus. ;' i.e. The 

Charter-House. Douce, 262. 

Hosp. of St. Mary of Elsyng, now Sion College. E Mus. 113. 



316 APPENDIX C. 

Louth Park, Line. Fairfax, 17. 

(Ludlow Parish Church. Printed Book, D. 2. 13. Art. Seld. 1 ) 

Maxstoke, Warwickshire. Bodl. 182. 

Merton, Surrey. Digby, 147; Ashmcle, 1522. 

John Ramsey, Canon of. Seld. supra, 39. 

Missenden, Bucks. Auct. D. I. 10; Bodl. 729. 

Mottenden, or Motynden, Kent. Bodl. 643 (bought by Brother 
Richard de Lansyng in 1467 for 26s. 8//.) 

Muchelney, Somerset. Rich. Coscumbe, Prior. Ashmole, 189. ii. 

New Place, Sherwood. Laud Lat. 34 ; Laud Misc. 428. 

Norwich Cathedral (Holy Trinity). Bodl. 151, 787; Fairfax, 20; 
Douce, 366, (see infra, p. 329.) 

Nutley, or Notley Abbey, Bucks. Douce, 383, iii. 

Oseney, Oxford. Bodl. 655; Digby, 23 (bequeathed by Henry de 
Langley); Rawlinson, C. 939 (Officia Eccles.~). 

Osyth, St., Essex. Laud Misc. 329. 

Oxford, Balliol College. Bodl. 252. 

Exeter College. Bodl. 42 ; Digby, 57 2 . 

(Hertford College. Printed Tracts on the Bangorian Contro- 
versies, 8vo. I. 237, BS.) 

Lincoln College. Bodl. 198 ('ex dono doctoris Thome 

Gascoigne'). 

Merton College. E Mus. 19 (given by William, Bishop of 

Chichester); Bodl. 50 (bequeathed by Thomas English), 689 and 757 
(given by Henry Sever, Warden, in 1468), 7 and 751 (given by 
Richard Fitz-James, Bishop of Chichester); Digby, 155 (given by John 
Burbache), 216; Ashm. 835. (Printed Book S. 9. 14. Th 3 .). 

St. Edmund Hall. Rawlinson, C. 900 (given by Hen. VIII). 

St. Mary's College. Bodl. 637. 

Staple Hall. Ashmole, 748. 

The Minorites. Digby, 90 (given in 1388, by John de 

Teukesbury, with the assent of Thos. de Kyngusbury, 'Minister 
Angliae'). 

(name cut off), Bodl. 215. 

1 Picus Mirandula de Providentia Dei, 1508. Given to the library of the 
Church by Rich. Sparchiford, Archdeacon of Salop, Oct. 19, 1557. It had pre- 
viously belonged to Linacer. 

2 ' Hunc librum emit a magistro Philips, rectore collegii Exon, a. Xi. 

1468, una cum volvella solis et lunae." 

3 Galani Conciliatio Eccl. Armence cum Romana, 1650. It is satisfactory to bi 
able to add, that the Bodleian obtained this book, as Bishop Booth obtained the 
Robertsbridgc MS. (infra) ' modo legitimo;' a memorandum records that it was 
' bought of Fletcher the bookseller." 



APPENDIX C. 317 

Paignton Parish, Devon. Rawlinson, C. 314 (Canons of Bishop 
Quivil). 

Pershore. Bodl. 209; Barlow, 3; Rawlinson, G. 81. 

Pesholme (.'Will. Marschalle, Chaplain of). Bodl. 857. 

Peterborough Cathedral. Barlow, 22 ; (see infra, p. 328.) 

Pipewell, Northampt. Rawlinson, A. 388. 

Pleshey, Essex, Trinity College. Bodl. 316. 

Pontefract, Holy Trinity Hospital. Barlow, 49. 

Ramsey. Bodl. 883. 

Welles, a monk of. Bodl. 857. 

Reading, St. Mary's Abbey. Auct. Digby, B. N. n; Digby, 148, 
200; Bodl. 125', 197, 200 (given by W. de Box), 241, 257, 550, 570, 713, 
730 (?) 772, 781, 848; Laud Misc. 79, 91, 725 ; Auct. D. I. 19; D. II. 
12; D. III. 12, 15; Auct. F. III. 8; infra, I. 2; Rawlinson, A. 375. 

Robertsbridge, Yorkshire. Bodl. MS. 132 (written by Will, de 
Wodecherche, 'laicus quondam conversus Pontis Robert! 2 '). 

Roche, or de Rupe, Yorkshire. Rawlinson, C. 329. 

Rochester Cathedral. Laud Misc. 40. 

Rossevalle, Kildare. Rawlinson, C. 32 (Ordo ser-vitii). 

Salisbury Cathedral. Digby, 173 (given by Peter Fadir, Vicar 
Choral a ); Bodl. 407, 516, 756, 765, 768, 835; Rawlinson, C. 400 (Pon- 
tificate, given by Bishop Martivall). 

Selby. Fairfax, 12. 

Sempringham. Douce, 136 (?) 

Shene, Surrey, Carthusian Priory. Bodl. 797 ; Rawlinson, C. 57 (8vo. 
H. 36 Th. BS., a book printed in 1608, belonged apparently to some 
foreign branch of this house : ' Domus Shene Anglorum '). 

Sherston, Wilts, The Church (in 1577). Bodl. 733. 

Shrewsbury, St. Chad. Rawlinson Misc. 1131. (Martjrol. and ObitJ) 

1 On the last leaf of this MS. there is a list, faintly written with a style, of some 
twenty MSS. (including ' triplices cantus' for the organ), written by one monk, to 
which the memorandum is added : ' Hec sunt opera fratris W. de Wicb. per quadrien- 
nium apud Leom. (i. e Leominster, a cell to Reading) coinmorantis.' The li>t 
commences, ' Nota quod Trater W. de Wi^b. (probably Wicnmbe), precibus domini 
J. de Abbend. tune precentoris, hortatu vero et prccepto domino R. de Wygorn. 
tune supprioris, collcctarium cotidianum secundum usuin Rading correxit et de 
duobus unum fecit.' The book may have belonged to cither Reading or Leo- 



minster. 



The usual anathema is subjoined on any one stealing the book from the house 
of St. Mary ' de Ponte Roberti,' or in any part mutilating it ; which 
by this self-exculpatory note on the part of a subsequent possessor : ' Ego Jol 
Exon. episcopus, nescio ubi est domus przdicta, nee hunc librum abstuh, sed 
legittimo adquisivi.' This John would seem to be John Booth, who was Bi^ 
Exeter from 1466 to 1479. 

3 The name of Peter Kadcr is f>und also in MS. Arch. Sdd. B 



318 APPENDIX C. 

Sion, or Syon, Middlesex. Bodl. 630. 

Southwark, St. Mary Overy. Ashmole, 1285. 

John de Lecchelade, a Canon. Rawlinson, B. 177. 

Stafford, St. Mary. Auct. F. V. 17 ; Hatton, 74. 
The Minorites. Auct. F. V. 18. 

Stafford, St. Thomas, near. Auct. F. III. 10. 

Staindrop, Durham, The College. Rawlinson, A. 363 (given by Thos. 
Heddon, Vicar of Gainford, in 1515). 

Tattershall, Line. Bodl. 419. 

Thorney, Cambr. Bodl. 680 ; Laud Misc. 364 ; Tanner, 10. 

Titchfield, Hants. Digby, 154. 

Towcester, Northampt., H. Malyng, Provost. Bodl. 731. 

Trentham, Staff. Laud Misc. 453. 

Tynemouth. Laud Misc. 657. 

Valle Crucis, De, Denbigh. E Mus. 3. 

Waltham. Laud Lat. 109; Laud Misc. 515; Rawlinson, B. N. Auct. 
62 (given by Peter, Archdeacon of London) ; Rawlinson, C. 330. 

Wardon, Bedfordshire. Laud Misc. 447. 

Warter, Yorkshire. Fairfax, 9. 

Waverley, Surrey. Bodl. 527. 

Westminster Abbey. Rawlinson, C. 425 (Pontificate). 

Winchcombe, or Winchelcumbe, Glouc. Douce, 368. 

Winchester Cathedral (' Domus S. Swythini ') Bodl. 767. 

Windsor. Bodl. 208, 822. 

Witham, or Wytham, Somerset. Bodl. 80 1 ('Ex dono Joh. 
Blacman '). 

Worcester Cathedral. Auct. F. infra, I. 3 ; Digby, 150 (?); Bodl. 861 
(removed in 1590), 868; Junius, lai. 

' Fratres Przedicatores.' Rawlinson, C. 780. 

York Minster (?) Rawlinson, C. 775. 

Succentor (?) Douce, 225. 

St. Mary's Abbey. Rawlinson, B. N. Auct. n ; Arch. A. Rot. 

21 ; (see p. 329.) 

Hosp. of St. Leonard. Rawlinson, B. 455. 

[Many of Laud's MSS. came from a Carthusian Monastery near 
Mentz, and from the Monastery of Eberbach, in the Duchy of Baden. 
It is worth mentioning that No. 233 amongst his Miscellaneous MSS. 
belonged to John Lydgate, and No. 576 to John Foxe. Several others 
had been previously in the possession of Archbp. Usher, and of Lindsell, 
Bishop of Peterborough. 

No. 76 of Digby's MSS. was bought by Dr. John Dee, at London, 
May 18, 1556, 'ex bibliotheca Joh. Lelandi.'] 



APPENDIX D. 319 



APPENDIX D. 

List of MSS. and Miscellaneous Objects of interest exhibited in the 

Library. 

GLASS CASE NEAR THE ENTRANCE OF THE LIBRARY. 

1. A Telugu MS. on palm-leaves, brought from India by Sir Thos. 
Strange, formerly Chief Justice of Madras, together with a style em- 
ployed for writings of this kind, and a pocket-knife. Given by Sir T. 
Strange's daughter, Mrs. Edmund Foulkes, in 1864. 

2. Drawings and engravings of Buddhist idols; brought from a Joss- 
house in a Llama monastery in Pekin, in 1862, and given to the Library 
by Lieut.-Col. Gibbes Rigaud, of the 6oth Rifles. 

3. Autograph book of distinguished visitors. 

This book commences at the year 1820. Among the autographs which it contains 
may be mentioned the following in particular : 

Her Majesty the Queen, Nov. 8, 1832, with the Duchess of Kent; Dec. 12, 
1860. 

The Prince Consort, June 15, 1841 ; June 4, 1856; Jan. 9, 1857 (in company 
with his three eldest children) ; Dec. 12, 1860. 

Prince of Wales, Jan. 9, 1857; March 27, 1860; June 18, 1863. 

Princess of Wales, June 18, 1863. 

Duke of Wellington, Oct. 20, 1835 (in company with Qi Adelaide) ; Sept. 14, 
1839; J une J 5> l ^4 l Aug. 20, 1844. 

Gul. Gesenius, Aug. 5, 1820. 

Sir John Franklin, 1829. 

Sir D. Wilkie, June 14, 1834. 

Bishop Selwyn, June 30, 1837. 

Chevalier Bunsen, Jan. 24, 1839 ; Aug. 20, 1844. 

Princes of Ashantee, June 10, 1840. 

Henry Hallam, Oct. 16, 1840. 

Bishop of Malabar, Mar Athanasius Abdelmesih, June 12, 1841. 

M. Berryer, Nov. 23, 1843. 

W. H. Prescott, June 24, 1850. 

Alfred Tennyson, June 21, 1855. 

A Siamese Prince, June 29, 1858. 

Lord Brougham, June 20, 1860. 

Lord Palmerston, July 2, 1862. 



320 APPENDIX D. 

Queen Emma of Honolulu, Aug. 14, 1865. 

Chinese Ambassadors, June 7, 1 866. 

Until the year 1861 it was also the custom for all graduates of Cambridge and 
Dublin who were admitted ad eundem to enter their names in this book ; it is to 
this custom that we owe possession of the signature of the ex-Metropolitan of New 
Zealand 1 . 

4. New Testament, said to be bound in a piece of a waistcoat of King 
Charles I. See p. 53. 

5. Another, bound by the Sisters of Little Gidding. See p. 53. 

6. Xiphilini Epitome Dionis Niccei ; Gr. 4to. Par. printed by Rob. Ste- 
phens, 1551. Bound in a handsomely tooled and gilt calf binding, in 
the Grolier style, with the badge of Dudley, Earl of Leicester, viz. the 
Bear and Ragged Staff, in the centre. Bequeathed by Selden. 

1 Many autographs of distinguished literary men are found in the old Registers 
of all the persons admitted to read in the Library, since in these the readers them- 
selves generally entered their own names. The first ' Liber admissorum ' contains the 
names of both graduates and non-academics, the names in the first case being only 
in part autograph ; it commences about the year 1610, and ends, in the case of 
graduates, arranged under their several colleges, about 1676 ; in the case of strangers, 
at 1692. The second Register, which is ' peregrinorum etaliorum admissorum ' alone, 
begins at 1682 and ends at 1833. The first existing register of books used by 
readers begins Jan. 3, 1647-8, and ends Dec. 30, 1649. The following are some of 
the names, of some special mark, which are found in the Admission-books : 

Job. Jonstonus, M.D., 1633. 
Joh. Fred. Gronovius, June 25, 1639. 

George Bull, ' SS. Theol. Studiosus, per dispensat,' July 5, 1656. 
Andrew Man-ell, Sept. 30, 1665. 
Sir Winston Churchill, Oct. 4, 1665. 
Henry Dodwell, Oct. 20, 1666. 
Thomas Rymer, June 20, 1683. 

Edmund Calamy, ' Londinensis,' Aug. 18, 1691, and in 1722. 
Sir George Mackenzie, Dec. 14, 1694, and several times subsequently. 
Joh. Ern. Grabe, Nov. 10, 1697. 
Thomas Madox, Sept. 21, 1705. 
Joshua Barnes, July 22, 1706. 
William Whiston, Sept. 28, 1710. 
C. Wesley, 'JEdh Xti alumnus,' April 19, 1729. 
Joh. Dav. Michaelis, Oct. 9, 1741. 
W. Blackstone, ' S.C.L.' Feb. II, 1742-3. 
Benj. Kennicott, 'Coll. Wadh. Schol.' July 15, 1746. 
George Ballard, Dec. 9, 1747. 

Edw. Rowe Mores, Commoner of Queen's College, Aug. 29, 1 748. 
John Uri, ' Korosini, Hungarus,' Feb. 17, 1766. 
Edw. Gibbon, 'Coll. Magd. olim Soc. Com.' Oct. 17, 1766. 
Joh. Schweighauser, June 13, 1769. 
J. J. Griesbach, March 22, 1770. 
Hen. Alb. Schultens, Oct. 16, 1772. 

John Macbride, ' ex Coll. Exon. (the late venerable Principal of Magd. Hall, who 
was only removed by death at the beginning of the present year), May 10, 1797. 
Philip Bliss, Feb. 9, 1809. 



APPENDIX D. 321 

7. Bacon's Essays , in a worked binding. See p. 51. 

8. Specimen of the early Block-books, or books printed from engraved 
blocks before the invention of moveable types ; being the Apocalypse, 
represented in a series of rudely-engraved scenes, with short explanatory 
descriptions. 

This is a copy of the edition called by Mr. S. Leigh Sotheby, in his Principia 
Typograpbica, the Second ; it belonged to Mr. Douce, who bought it for thirty-one 
guineas at Mr. Inglis' sale *. 

9. The first book printed from moveable types; being a very fine 
copy, of the grand Latin Bible, printed by Gutenberg at Mentz about 
1455. See p. 202. 

A copy was sold at the auction of the library of the Duke of Sussex, in 1844, 
for the moderate sum of 190; when the same copy, however, was re-sold at the 
auction of the library of Dr. Daly, Bishop of Cashel, in 1858, it produced no less 
than 596. 

10. A copy of the first book printed in the English language, being Tbe 
Recuyell of the Histories of Troy, printed by Caxton, most probably at 
Bruges, about 1472. 

This copy wants three leaves ; it was given to the Library in 1 750, by James 
Bowen, a painter of Shrewsbury, well known as a local antiquarian. A second copy, 
which wants seven leaves, is also in the Library. A copy, wanting forty-four leaves, 
was sold at Utterson's sale in 1852 to the Earl of Ashburnham for 155. 

11. The English Bible, translated by Myles Coverdale from the 
Vulgate, and printed abroad in 1535. 

This copy of the first complete Bible printed in our language, is one of the 
largest and soundest known to be in existence, although, like almost all other copies, 
it wants the title. It was formerly in the possession of Selden. A facsimile title, 
engraved by Mr. Fry, of Bristol, from the Marq. of Northampton's cop/, accompanies 
it, together with another leaf in facsimile, from the Earl of Leicester's copy. 
Another and more imperfect copy came to the Library among the books 

1 Of this xylographic Apocalypse the Library possesses two other editions ; one 
being that called by Mr. Sotheby the Fourth, which was given by Archbp. Laud, and 
the other being that called the Fifth by Sotheby, but Editio princeps' by Hi-iiu.-i-ki-n, 
which was bought in 1853 for 120 55. Other Block-books in the Library are, 
(i) two editions of the Biblia Pauperum, or Scenes from Bible History; one 
coloured, the other (which belonged to Douce) uncoloured ; (2) the Hiatoria B. 
M. V. ex Cantico Canticorum, being the edition called the Second by Sotheby ; 
(3) Propugnacula, seu Turris Sapientta, a broadside, bought in 1 S^ tor six guineas. 
A facsimile of this is given in vol. ii. of Sotheby's Principia ; (4) Speculum Human* 
Salvationis In this book, which is the second Latin edition of the work (formerly 
described as the Editio princepi), twenty pages are taken off from wood-block 
the rest from moveable type. The copy belonged to Douce. It came previously 
ex MUSSEO Pauli Girardot de Prefond,' but is not mentioned in Pi- Bure I catalog 
of that library, published in 1757. It is said that a copy of this book has \ 
sold for the large sum of 300 guineas. 



322 APPENDIX D. 

bequeathed by Mrs. Denyer. In 1854 a copy nearly perfect, having only two 
leaves in facsimile by Mr. Harris, was sold at Mr. Dunn Gardner's sale for the 
large sum of 364; and a very imperfect copy was sold for 190 in 1857. 

12. Hieronymus (rectius, Rufinus) de Symbolo Apostolorum printed 
at Oxford in 1468. See p. in. 

13. Latin verses in the autograph of Milton. See p. 45. 

14. The original MS. of Addison's Letter (in verse) from Italy to Lord 
Halifax. 

A Rawlinson MS. 

15. Letter from Alex. Pope to H. Cromwell, Esq. ; dated July 15, 1711. 
The same volume contains various other letters from the same to the same, which 

were printed by Curll in 1727; one by Dryden, three by J. Norris of Bemerton, 
three short notes from Young, and several letters by Ladies Hester Pakington and Mary 
Chudleigh. It belongs to the Rawlinson collection of MSS. 

1 6. Letter from Archbp. Laud to Sir W. Boswell, the English 
Resident at the Hague ; dated from Lambeth, Nov. 26, 1638. 

It refers to libels printed in Holland, and particularly to one against Laud, sup- 
posed to be then printing at Amsterdam, entitled, The Beast is Wounded. ' I thanke 
God I trouble not myselfe much with these things ; but am very sorry for the 
Publicke, which suffers much by them.' Bought in 1863 at a sale at the Hague 
for 7 I7., together with a letter on diplomatic business signed by Sir Thomas 
Bodley, and dated at the Hague, April n, 1589, which is now bound in the same 
volume. 

17. Archbp. Laud's formal Letter of resignation of his office as 
Chancellor of the University, signed by himself, and dated from the 
Tower, June 22, 1641. In Latin; on parchment. 

Endorsed by Ant. a Wood with this memorandum : ' Given to me by Rob. Whor- 
wood, of Oxon, Gent., 29 Feb., 1679'.' 

1 A touching letter, in English, dated June 28, which Laud forwarded, together 
with this formal document, is printed in vol. ii. of Wharton's edition of his Remains, 
p. 217. In the same volume are included copies of all the letters which accompanied 
the Archbishop's gifts to the Library. The following reply (ibid. p. 177) to a 
notification from the Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Frewen, of the visitation of his collection, 
and of the giving special charge to the Librarian respecting their safe custody, 
seeing that they stood unchained, and in a place frequented by strangers who came 
to see them, should have been noticed in its due place in the Annals. 
'SiR, 

' I thank you heartily for your care of my books. And I beseech you that the 
Library-keeper may be very watchful to look to them since they stand unchain'd. 
And I would to God the place in the Library for them were once ready, that they 
might be set up safe, and chained as the other books are ; and yet then, if there be 
not care taken, you may have some of the best and choisest tractats cut out of 
the covers and purloin'd, as hath been done in some other libraries." 

'W. CANT. 
'Lambeth, Nov, 15, 1639.' 



APPENDIX D. 



323 



1 8. Lord Clarendon's Letter, resigning the same office upon his 
going into exile ; written in a secretary's hand, but signed by himself. 
Very touching and beautiful. It runs as follows : 

' For Mr. Vicechancellor of Oxford. 
' Good Mr. Vicechancellor, 

' Having found it necessary to transport myselfe out of England, and not knowing 
when it will please God that I shall returne -againe ; it becomes me to take care 
that the University may not be without the service of a person better able to be 
of use to them, then I am like to be ; and I doe therefore hereby surrender the 
office of Chancellor into the hands of the said University, to the end that they 
make choyce of some other person better qualifyed to assist and protect them 
then I am, I am sure he can never be more affectionate to it. I desire you, as 
the last suite I am like to make to you, to believe that I doe not fly my Country 
for guilt, and how passionately soever I am pursued, that I have not done any 
thing to make the University ashamed of me, or to repent the good opinion they 
had once of me, and though I must have noe farther mention in your publique 
devotions (which I have alwayes exceedingly valued) I hope I shall be alwayes remem- 
bred in your private prayers as 

' Good Mr. Vicechancellor, 

' Your affectionate servant, 
'Calice, this J r Dec. 1667.' 'CLARENDON. 

19. A volume of the Papers of W. Bridgeman, Under-secretary of 
State to James II (bequeathed to the Library by Dr. R. Rawlinson ; 
see p. 173), open at a leaf containing the original declaration written 
and signed by the Duke of Monmouth, on the day of his execution, 
of the nullity of his claim to the Crown. 

The following is a copy : 

' I declare yt y' title of King was forct upon mee, & y it was very much contrary 
to my opinion when I was proclam'd. For y* satisfaction of the world I doe 
declare that y late King told mee that Hee was never married to my Mother. 

' Haveing declar'd this I hope y 1 the King who is now will not let my Children 
suffer on this Account. And to this I put my hand this fifteenth day of July, 1685. 

MONMOUTH. 
' Declar'd by Himselfe, & sign'd in the presence of us. 

Fran. Elien. [Turner]. 
' Tho. Bath & Wells [Ken]. 
'Tho. Tem 
George Hooper.' 

Beside it is placed the Proclamation of James II, ordering the apprehension of all 
persons dispersing the Declaration issued by Monmouth upon his landing in England; 
dated but one short month previously, June 15, 1685. 

The same volume contains two letters from Monmouth to the King, begging for 
his life, and one to the Queen. These have been frequently printed. 

20. A Sanscrit roll, written at the end of the last century, containing 

Y 2 



3 2 4 APPENDIX D. 

extracts from the Bhagavadgita ; with paintings representing the in- 
carnations of Vishnu, &c. 

In a wooden case. One of the Frazer MSS. 

21. A magnificent folio volume, containing a series of illustrations 
of Scripture History from Genesis to Job ; written about the beginning 
of the fourteenth century. 

Each page contains, in double columns, four pairs of miniatures painted, in 
medallion-form, upon a gorgeous ground of gold ; the first of each pair represents 
some historical scene, which the second treats allegorically, and applies to the 
condition of the Church or of individual Christians. Two other volumes are to be 
found in the British Museum, and in the Imperial Library at Paris. 

22. A small oaken platter, bearing the following inscription: 'This 
Salver is part of that Oak in which his Majesty K. Charles the 2d, Con- 
cealed himself from the Rebells, and was given to this University by 
Mrs. Laetitia Lane.' 

The donor was the daughter of Col. John Lane, the chief agent in the King's 
escape from Worcester ; she died in 1 709 1 . 

23. Specimen of Javanese writing, being a letter from a Javanese 
Chief to the Resident of Soorabaya. The seal bears the date of 1780. 

24. Small specimen of an Arabic MS. 

25. A fragment in large Persian characters. 

26. A specimen of Malabaric writing, upon a palm-leaf, three feet 
in length. ' Aug. 9, 1630. Ex dono Jo. Trefusis, generosi Cornubiensis, 
e Coll. Exon.' 

27. A Russian painting upon a shell, representing a female saint 
called S. Parasceve, 17 ayia Ilapao-Kti^, who is found in the Greek 
Menology, but whose history is believed by the Bollandists to be a 
pious fiction. 

28. A Hebrew Bible, beautifully written in the fourteenth century; 
in triple columns, with the Masoretic commentary written in very 
minute characters, and frequently in fantastic figures, round each page. 

One of the Oppenheimer MSS. 

29. HorcK. An illuminated MS. of the middle of the fifteenth 
century, in 4to., probably by a French scribe and artist. 

From the Canonici collection. 

30. Another MS. of the Hours, in folio, of the fifteenth century, 
beautifully illuminated, with many miniatures varying in the treatment 
of some of the scenes which they represent from the common type. 

Traditionally said, but on what evidence does not appear, to have belonged to 
Henry VIII. 

1 Pedigree of the family of Lane, p. 392 of the Boscobel Tracts, edited by J. Hughes, 
A.M., second edition, 1857. 



APPENDIX D. 325 

31. A third fifteenth-century MS. of the Hours, in 8vo. 
From the Rawlinson collection. 

32. A fourth MS. of the Hours, very early in the fifteenth century, 
or about the close of the fourteenth. 

Also from the Rawlinson collection. All these copies of the Hor<e appear to be 
of French execution. 

33. A pair of long white leather gloves, worked with gold thread, 
which were worn by Queen Elizabeth when she visited the University 
in I566 1 . 

34. A Latin exercise book, in 4to., which appears to have been 
filled up by Edward VI and his sister Elizabeth, jointly. 

Sentences written by the former are dated from Jan. 1548-9 to Aug. 1549. 
The boy-monarch has written his own name in several parts of the book. It came 
to the Bodleian 'ex dono doctissimi viri P. Junii, Bibliothecarii Regii, A.D. 1639.' 
Patrick Young also gave another book in Edward's handwriting in folio, con- 
taining Greek and Latin phrases, written very neatly in I55I-I552 2 . 

35. Mexican Hieroglyphics ; painted on a long skin of leather. 

36. The Book of Pro-verbs, written by Mrs. Esther Inglis. See p. 48. 

37. Two Runic Primstaves, or wooden Clog- Almanacks : one in the 
form of a walking stick ; the other, an oblong block, with a handle. 
See pp. 105, 161. 

An engraving of the second may be found in the Anglican Cburcb Calendar 
illustrated, published by Messrs. Parker. And a description of these primitive 
Calendars is given by Plot in his Natural History of Staffordshire, 1686, pp. 418- 
432, where there is an engraving of a Clog which was still in use in Staffordshire at 
that time. 

38. Eight small wooden tablets, apparently a pocket-edition of a 
Clog-Almanack, with very quaint figures. 

Given by Archbp. Laud. 

39. The Book of Enoch, in JEthiopic. See p. 267. 

40. A Persian poem, by Jami, on the history of Joseph and 
Potiphar's wife. Written A.D. 1569, and decorated with some very 
good paintings and arabesque borders 3 . 

One of Greaves' MSS. 



1 No. 7762 in the catalogue of the South Kensington Museum, in 1862. 

1 Mr. John Gough Nichols, in his collection of the Literary Remains of Edw. VI, 
printed by the Roxburghe Club in 1857 (vol. i. pp. cccxxiii-cccxxv), describes 
these volumes at length, and assigns the whole of both of them to the pen of the 
King, but some part of the first volume corresponds much more closely with the 
usual style of Elizabeth's early writing, and a memorandum by Hearne testifies that 
it was regarded in his day as having been written by her. 

3 ' The poem of Joseph and Zuleikha, in the Public Library at Oxford, is perhaps 
the most beautiful MS. in the world ; the margins of every page are gilt and 



326 APPENDIX D. 

41. A specimen of Telugu writing on palm-leaves; being an almanack 
for the year 1630. 

Given by Archbp. Laud. 

42. A French panegyrical poem, presented to Queen Elizabeth, 
in 1586, by Georges de la Motthe, a French refugee ; with a prefatory 
address in prose. 

Enriched with an exquisite portrait of the Queen, in all the grandeur of her wide 
circumference, and with golden hair of very prononcee hue ; and with a great variety 
of beautifully-executed monograms, symbols, &c. around each page. The binding is 
richly tooled and covered with designs ; while in the centre on either side, protected 
by glass, are brilliant bosses, said to be composed' of humming-birds' feathers. 

' Ex dono ornatissimi, simul ac optimae spei, juvenis D. Johannis Cope, armigeri, 
equitis aurati, baronetti f. natu maximi, olim Reginensis Oxon, Almae Matris ergo. 
4 Cal. Jan. 1626.' 

On a fly-leaf at the end is attached a fragment from some English theological 
treatise, in wonderfully minute, although clear, handwriting. 

43. The Koran, on a long and narrow roll, very elegantly written 
in minute characters. 

Given by Archbp. Laud. 

44. A Syriac fragment, on three leaves of paper. 

45. A specimen of Chinese printing, on rice-paper. 

46. A specimen of the Papyrus-plant, in its natural state. 

47. A fine MS. of the Koran, from the library of Tippoo Sahib at 
Seringapatam. 

Given by the East India Company in 1806; seep. 208. 

48. A small Egyptian mummy-figure, of baked clay. 
Given by Archbp. Laud. 

49. A Burmese MS., written in large black characters on thirty- 
nine gilded palm-leaves. 

' Taken from a priest's chest in an idol-house of the deserted village of Myanoung, 
on the Irawaddy, thirty-five miles below Prome, April 17, 1825.' Given by Rev. 
Joseph Dornford, Oriel College, Nov. 8, 1830. 

IN THE OPPOSITE, OR NORTH, WING. 

A large glass case containing a series of MSS. executed by English 
scribes, arranged chronologically, so as to exhibit the progress and 
development of the arts of caligraphy and illuminating in England. 

adorned with garlands of flowers, and the handwriting is elegant to the highest 
degree.' (I. Disraeli's Romances, 1799, p. 52.) 



APPENDIX D. 327 

This case was added by the present Librarian three or four years ago. 
The following are its contents : 

1. King Alfred's Anglo-Saxon version of the treatise Dt cura pas- 
toral of Pope Gregory the Great, being the copy sent by the King to 
Werfrith, Bishop of Worcester. 

Given by Lord Hatton ; see p. too. 

2. A beautiful Latin Psalter of the tenth century, written in Anglo- 
Saxon characters, with an interlinear translation, and decorated with 
grotesque initial letters. 

Junius MS. 37. The volume is frequently called Codex Vossiantts, from its 
having been in the possession of Isaac Voss, who gave it to Junius. Facsimiles are 
given by Professor Westwood, in his Palaograpbia Sacra, and in his new and 
splendid book of Fac-similes of the Miniatures and Ornaments o/ Anglo-Saxon and 
Irhb MSS '. 

3. The Four Gospels, in Latin, written in Anglo-Saxon characters, 
about the beginning of the eleventh century. 

Noticed in Westwood's Miniatures, &c. (ut supra), p. 123. 

It appears to have belonged to the abbey at Barking, a gift of tithes at Laleseie, 
by Adam, son of Leomar de Cochefeld, being entered on a leaf at the end by order 
of the abbess JEIfgiva. Now numbered Bodl. 155. 

4. The famous Anglo-Saxon metrical paraphrase of parts of Genesis, 
Exodus, Daniel, &c. by Caedmon 2 ; illustrated, as far as Abraham's 
journey into Egypt, with a very curious series of drawings. 

The MS. is considered to have been written about A.D. 1000. The latest de- 
scription of the volume is in Westwood's magnificent book of Fac-similes. Seep. 102. 

5. The Psalter, Canticles, &c, in Latin, with a Calendar; written in 
the first half of the eleventh century. 

Noticed in Westwood's Miniatures and Ornaments, &c, p. 122. Douce, 296. 

6. A twelfth-century volume containing, besides various historical 
works, a Bestiary, or Natural History of Beasts, illustrated with very 
curious drawings. 

Given by Archbp. Laud. 

1 This book, which has appeared since the earlier sheets of this volume were 
printed, contains descriptions, with facsimiles, of the Leofric, Dunstan, and Mac- 
Regol MSS. and of the Rawlinsonian Life of St. Columba, besides those noticed 
above. 

* Caedmon was a monk of St. Hilda's Abbey, and died in 680. Bede (Eccl. Hist. 
iv. 24) tells the well-known story of his being miraculously enabled by a vision to 
compose vernacular verses, when previously he had been entirely unable to compose 
or sing a line, so that when present as a layman at feasts where, on the principle 
' no song, no supper,' every one was expected to raise a lay in hi* turn, he was wont, 
when he saw the harp coming round, to rise from his place and go home supperless. 



328 APPENDIX D. 

7. A Bestiary of the beginning of the thirteenth century, enriched 
with many very curious paintings upon a ground of brilliant gold. 

Ashmole, 1511. 

8. Another Bestiary, of slightly later date, illuminated in the same 
manner. 

Bodl. 764. 

9. The Apocalypse, illustrated in a series of very curious drawings, 
lightly coloured. Executed about 1250. 

These illuminations have been pronounced by Mr. Coxe, to be, with little or no 
doubt, executed by the same hand as those of MS. Ee. III. 59. in the University 
Library, Cambridge, a volume which contains a Life of Edward the Confessor, in 
French verse, and which was printed in 1858, under the editorship of H. R. Luard, 
M.A., in the series of Chronicles published under the authority of the Master of the 
Rolls. In this Life is found a particular description of Westminster Abbey, which 
is not elsewhere met with, and it is consequently inferred that the writer was a 
monk of that church. And in the course of the restorations which are now being 
carried on in the Chapter House (which was built about 1250), a series of mural 
paintings, illustrating the history of St. John, has been brought to light, one of 
which is a representation similar to that in the Bodley MS. of St. John ' ante portam 
Latinam,' and in both cases the cauldron bears the same inscription of ' Dolitim 
ferventis olei.' 

10. A Primer, written about the middle of the fourteenth century. 
The arms of Edw. Ill (England I and 4, France 2 and 3) are painted on the first 

leaf. One of Rawlinson's MSS. 

11. A beautiful Psalter, which belonged to Peterborough Cathedral. 

' Psalterium fratris Waited de Rouceby,' followed by the Canticles, Athanasian 
Creed, Litany, &c. A Calendar is prefixed, with Peterborough obits, from which 
it appears that Rouceby died May 4, 1341. A series of nineteen miniatures, 
illustrating the life of our Blessed Lord and of the Virgin Mary, precedes the 
Psalter. The arms of Edward III appear at the head of Ps. i. One of Bp. Barlow's 
MSS. ; in 1604 it belonged to one John Harborne. 

12. A Psalter, with Canticles, Hymns, &c, written in the latter half 
of the fourteenth century. 

Apparently one of Rawlinson's MSS. 

13. 'Ye Dreme of Pilgrimage of ye Soule, translated out of French 
[of G. Guilevile] into Inglissh, with somwhat of addicions of ye trans- 
latour, ye zeere of our Lord, 1400.' Illustrated with curious coloured 
drawings. 

A precursor of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, with which it has been compared. 
It was printed by Caxton in 1483, and his edition was reprinted in 1859. 

This MS. was given to the Library, apparently in Bodley's time, by Sir James 
Lee, Knt. 

14. Commentary on the Passion of our B. Lord ('Scripta super totam 



APPENDIX D. 329 

Passionem Christ! a quatuor Evangelistis formatam'), by Michael de 
Massa, of the order of Augustinian Hermits. 

Written (as a final colophon records) by Ralph de Medyltone at Ingham (Suffolk ?), 
A. D. 1405, for Sir Miles de Stapiltone. A drawing of the Crucifixion at the 
beginning. Bodl. MS. 758. 

15. 'The Mirroure of the Worlds, that some calleth Vice and Vertu ;' 
translated from the Latin of Laurence the Frenchman (Laur. Callus), 
and illustrated with some drawings of remarkable grace and spirit, 
supposed to be by some Flemish artist. 

A MS. of the early part of the fifteenth century ; on paper. Bodl. 283. 

16. Horee, formerly in the possession of Queen Mary I. See p. 42. 

17. Treatise of Roger Bacon, 'de retardacione accidentium senectutis;' 
with two drawings. Middle of the fifteenth century. Bodl. MS. 211. 

1 8. An English astrological Calendar, in six divisions, folded for the 
pocket ; written in the latter half of the fourteenth century. 

Extremely curious; contains prognostications of the weather, fatality of the 
seasons, &c, accompanied with innumerable figures of saints, illustrations of pro- 
gnostics, the symbols found on the Runic Clog-Almanacks, the occupations of the 
several months, the signs of the Zodiac, and two quaint figures respectively 
labelled 'Harry ye Haywarde' with his dog Talbat,' and 'Peris ye Pyndare.' 
Formerly kept in a tin box. It contains the following note by T. Hearne : 
'Oct. 17, 1719. This strange odd book (upon which I set a very great value, 
having never seen the like) was given me by the Rt. Reverend Father in God 
William [Fleetwood] Lord Bishop of Ely, to whom I am oblig'd upon many other 
accounts.' 

19. An Historical Roll, upwards of thirteen feet long, showing the 
descent of the English Kings, from the expedition of Jason in search 
of the Golden Fleece to the accession of Edward I (1272). Formerly 
belonging to the Abbey of St. Mary at York. 

Illustrated with representations of various scenes up to the landing of Brute in 
the Isle of Wight, and thenceforward with portraits of the monarchs. 

20. Map of the Holy Land, on a paper roll, nearly seven feet long ; 
written, apparently, in the first half of the fifteenth century. 

In the Douce collection. Engraved in facsimile during the past year, 1867, for 
the Roxburghe Club, to illustrate the Itineraries of William Wey, which were 
edited by Rev. G. Williams, B.D., for the same Club, from Bodl. MS. 565, in 1857. 
The Map in many points agrees very closely with the latter, but contains also sonic 
discrepancies, and is somewhat earlier in date. 

21. A Psalter, with the usual Canticles, Litany, &c; written about 
the middle of the fourteenth century. 

This magnificent volume was given by Robert de Ormesby, a monk of Norwich, 
to the choir of the Cathedral Church, ' ad jacendum coram Suppriore qui pro tcmpore 
tuerit inperpetuum.' It is illustrated with illuminations most beautifully executed- 



330 APPENDIX D. 

but, at the same time, containing the most grotesque and profanely inappropriate 
figures, resembling those sometimes found on the Misereres of collegiate churches. 
It is bound in a large covering of sheepskin, which by overlapping the volume has 
no doubt greatly contributed to preserve its freshness and beauty of condition. A 
facsimile from one page is to be found in Shaw's Illuminated Ornaments, 1833, 
with a description by Sir F. Madden. It belongs to the Douce collection. 



In a separate glass case adjoining the preceding (in which was for- 
merly exhibited a fine specimen of the typography of the Royal Press 
at Berlin, in a German Bible given by the King of Prussia) is now 
displayed a fine Bible printed at Glasgow in 1862, in two folio volumes, 
and illustrated with very beautiful photographs by Frith, which was 
called the Queen's Bible from its being dedicated by permission to 
Her Majesty. 

In a glass case in the adjoining window is a German Bible, printed 
in 1541, with texts on the fly-leaves in the handwriting of Luther 
and Melanchthon, whose signatures, although much defaced by some 
possessor, are still very legible. See p. 245. 



IN A GLASS CASE, WEST END OF THE LIBRARY. 

1. Plinii Historia Naturalis ; in folio. Printed 1476. 
From the Douce collection. See p. 250. 

2. Breviary and Psalter according to the use of the Carthusian Order ; 
written about 1480. 

A specimen of Italian art, from the Canonici collection. 

3. HoroE B. M. Hrg. i2mo. An exquisite MS., of the school of 
Albert Durer, executed for Bona Sforza. See p. 249. 

4. Psalter, on purple vellum, written about the close of the ninth 
century. From the old library of the kings of France. See p. 249. 

A MS. of the Horee, written on purple vellum, about 1500, is among the 
Canonici MSS. 

5. Boccaccio's II Filocalo ; in folio, of the fifteenth century. 

A beautiful MS., with five exquisite miniatures, and interlaced arabesque borders 
of the richest character. A facsimile, with a notice of the book, will be found 
in Shaw's Illuminated Ornaments. From the Canonici collection. 

6. Horce, quarto ; fourteenth century. A beautiful book. 
From the Douce collection. 

7. Horte, small quarto; end of the fifteenth century. The illuminations 
possess exquisite softness and delicacy. 

Also from the Douce collection. 

8. The Miracles of the B. Virgin, in French. A Douce MS., in folio, 



APPENDIX D. 33I 

executed about 1460, for Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, and 
enriched with most beautiful paintings of the tint called 'Camaieu gris.' 

9. Hertz, in quarto. A beautiful Douce book, the work of a French 
scribe in and about the year 1407. 

10. Hone, in duodecimo. Another gem from the Douce collection, 
executed about the year 1500, for the Emperor Maximilian and Mary 
of Burgundy his wife. 

The margins are adorned with charming figures of birds, and in one instance a 
border is filled with representations of pottery and glass. 

11. flora?, in quarto, of the commencement of the sixteenth century; 
from the Douce collection. An exquisite specimen of Flemish art.' 
It belonged to Mary de Medici. 

12. Hor&, in small folio. A most sumptuous volume, executed about 
1410. The illuminations are of the school of Van Eyck. 

The borders of birds, butterflies, flowers, landscapes, &c, are marvels of nalure 
in art ; and many of the initials are distinguished by the utmost delicacy in design 
and finish in execution. Also from the Douce collection. 

13. Quatuor E-vangelia ; commencement of the seventh century. 
See p. 24. 

14. Letters of Queen Henrietta Maria to Charles I before their mar- 
riage ; in French. 

The volume forms part of the Clarendon State Papers, and contains fifteen of 
the Queen's letters, besides some from the King, and other documents. 

15. Latin Translation by Queen Elizabeth, while Princess, of an Italian 
sermon by Bern. Ochini, De Christo ; written entirely by herself, and 
sent as a New-year's gift to her brother Edward VI 1 . 

It forms a small 8vo. volume of thirty-six pages, on vellum, and was given to 
the Library by J. Bowie, of Idmerston, Aug. 15, 1765. The following dedication 
(hitherto unprinted) is prefixed by the Princess : 

' Augustissimo et serenissimo Regi Edvardo Sexto. Si aliquid hoc temporc 
haberem (Serenissime Rex) quod mihi ad dandum esset accommodatum, & Maies- 
tati tuie congruens ad accipiendum, equidem de hac re vehementer Ijetarer. Tua 
Maiestas res magnas & excellentes meretur, et mea facultas exigua tantum suppe- 
ditare potest, sed quamvis facultate possim minima, tamen animo tibi maxima 
prestare cupio, & quum ab aliis opibus superer, a nemine amore & benevolentia 
vincor. Ita iubet natura, authoritas tua commouet, & bonitas me hortatur, ut cum 
princeps meus sis te officio obseruem, & cum frater meus sis vnicus & amantissimiis, 
intinio amore afficiam. Ecce autem pro huius noui anni felici auspicio, & obscr- 
vantiae meae testimonio, offero M. T. breuem istam Bernardi Ochini orationcm, ab eo 
Italice primum scriptam, & a me in latinum sermonem conucrsum. Argumentum 

1 This MS. is noticed by Warton in his Life of Sir T. Po/v. p. 73. where he 
also quotes Hearne's account of Elizabeth's New Testament, which is 'described at 
p. 52 supra. 



332 APPENDIX D. 

quum de Christ;) sit, bene conuenire tibi potest, qui quotidie Christum discis, & 
post eum in terris proximum locum & dignitatem habes. Tractatio ita pia est 
& docta, ut lectio non possit non esse vtilis et fructuosa. Et si nihil aliud com- 
mendaret opus, authoritas scriptoris ornaret satis, qui propter religionem et Christum 
patria expulsus, cogitur in locis peregrinis & inter ignotos homines vitam traducere. 
Si quicquam in eo mediocre sit, mea translatio est, quae profecto talis non est qualis 
esse debet, sed qualis a me effici posset. At istarum rerum omnium M. tua inter 
legendum iudex sit, cui ego hunc meum laborem commendo, & vna meipsam etiam 
dedico, Deumque precor vt M. tua multos nouos & felices annos videat & lucris ac 

pietate perpetuo crescat. Enfeldiae, 30 Decembris. 

' Maiestatis tuae, 
' humill. soror, 
' & serua, 
' Elizabeta.' 

1 6. A Persian treatise, in prose and verse, on ethics and education, 
entitled, Bebaristan, or, 'The Season of Spring ; by Nurruddin Abdurrah- 
man, surnamed Djami. 

The MS. was written at Lahore, for the Emperor of Hindustan, A. D. 1575, by 
Muhammed Hussein, a famous scribe, who was called the Pen of Gold; and illus- 
trated by sixteen painters. Its modern velvet binding is adorned with gold corners 
and bosses ; and a bag in which it was kept lies beside it. From the collection 
of Sir Gore Ouseley. 

17. E-vangeliariuw, MS. in folio; of the tenth century. 

A fine MS., which formerly belonged to the abbey of St. Faron, near Meaux ; 
bought at the sale of M. Abel-Remusat's library in 1833, by Mr. Payne, and sold 
to Douce, apparently for the sum of 31 los. On the cover is an ivory diptych ; 
in the centre, a figure of our Blessed Lord treading on ' the lion and adder, the 
young lion and dragon;' around, twelve scenes from His life and miracles. 

1 8. Ivory triptych eleven inches high; North Italian work, of the 
fifteenth century. 

In the centre the Blessed Virgin and Child between St. Leonard and another 
saint ; on the wings, St. John the Evangelist and St. Lawrence 1 . 

19. Evangelia, secundum Matt, et Marc. A fine Douce MS. of the 
eleventh century, bound in thick boards, overlaid on one side with a 
brass plate, whereon are engraved the four Evangelists, with angels ; 
in the centre, an ivory carving of our Lord, with the Evangelistic 
symbols. 

20. Metal- Work. 

i. Crucifix ; enamelled. 

ii. The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian ; small, on brass, 
iii. Four enamelled round tablets, bearing portraits of 'Le 

1 Lent to the South Kensington Museum in 1862, from the catalogue of which 
exhibition (under No. 2Oi) the above description is taken. 



APPENDIX D. 

Conte de Flandres, le Conte de Champagne, le Conte.de 
Tholoze, Due de Normandie.' 

iv. Two small enamelled representations of March and May. 
v. Dolphin, with boy on his back (the Dauphin); motto, ' Qui 

pense ma . . . . vy advient.' 
vi. Heads, enamelled, of the following Roman Emperors; 

Julius Caesar, Augustus, Claudius and Otho. 
vii. English pocket-almanac, in brass, 1554-1579, with tidal 
tables for English ports, a compass, &c. On one side 
of its case is the following inscription : 

' Aske me not, for ye Gett me not. ' R. P.' 
viii. A small copper figure of our Blessed Lord, crowned and 

robed, with eyes open, and arms extended. 
The following account is given by Hearne in a volume of his MS. 

collections * : 

'About five years since the workmen in digging the gardens that 
formerly belong'd to St. Frideswyd's, Oxford, found a crucifix ; 
the figure in pontifical robes, enamelled and gilt, with stones in 
the arms and breast. It came afterwards into the hands of Mr. Edw. 
Thwaites of Queen's College, who gave it to the Bodleian Library, 
where in the Physick schoole 'tis now reserved, and seems to be 
very ancient.' 

A drawing of the figure made for Thwaites by J. T. [alinan] lies 
beside it, which was given to the Library by the late Dr. Wellesley. 
The figure resembles a crucifix found at Lucca, of the seventh cen- 
tury. 

21. Psalterium ; close of thirteenth century. 

Bound in solid silver, on which are engraved the Annunciation and the Coronation 
of the Blessed Virgin, seen beneath a coloured transparency which gives an ap- 
pearance of great richness to the otherwise uncoloured silver. 

A beautifully decorated volume, given by Sir Rob. Cotton to William Butler, M.D. 
of Cambridge, in 1614; and to the Bodleian, July 15, 1648, by Dame Anne Sadler, 
wife of Ralph Sadler, of Stonden, Herts. 



The following objects of interest are dispersed in -various parts of the 
Library : 

AT THE EAST END. 

i. A drawing by Holbein, framed and glazed, being a design for a cup. 

On the back is the following note: 'This is an original drawing by H-tii* 

Holbein, was actually executed, and in the possession of Queen Anna Bulleyn, 

1 Rawlinson. C. 



334 APPENDIX D. 

A.D. 1534. D. Logan.' It bears, however, the initials H. and J., and was therefore 
executed, not for Anne Boleyn, but Jane Seymour. ' The cup was carried into 
Spain by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, when he accompanied Charles, 
Prince of Wales, on his romantic expedition to Madrid'.' 

2. The original drawing, as is supposed, by Raffaele, for his picture 
of Attila stopped on his approach to Rome by the apparition of 
SS. Peter and Paul. Framed and glazed. 

This and the preceding form part of the Douce collection. 

3. Bust of Sir T. Bodley. See p. 26. 

4. Bust of Charles I. See p. 61. 

5. Small marble bust of Napoleon. 
Bequeathed by Capt. Montagu in 1863. See p. 299. 

6. Engraved facsimile of the Rosetta Stone, published by the 
Antiquarian Society in 1803. 

7. Egyptian scroll. 

[Five other Egyptian fragments hang at the other end of the Library.] 

8. Map of England and Scotland, on parchment. Written in the 
fourteenth century. See p. 212, note. 

9. An armillary sphere, in bronze, supported by three lions. 
Given by Capt. Josias Bodley. See p. 21. 

10. Two small bronzes; one representing Narcissus contemplating 
his face in the stream ; the other, Cupids disporting themselves on the 
backs of Tritons. 

11. A plaster cast of young Bacchanals leading the goat. 

12. A wood carving, coarsely executed, representing Hercules 
spinning, and exposed by Omphale to the ridicule of two female 
visitors. 

13. Bronze, in fine alto-relievo, of Curtius leaping into the gulf in 
the Forum at Rome. 

14. Carving, in soap-stone, of the Judgment of Solomon. 

15. A geometrical, eleven-sided figure, inclosing an open and hollow 
iron ball with sixty sides, and surmounting a small pillar representing 
the five orders of architecture. Around the base of the column are 
eight other geometrical figures, with vacant spaces for two which have 
been lost. 

[Probably all the preceding articles, 10-15, came from Rawlinson.] 

1 6. Model, inlaid with mother-of-pearl, of the Church of the Holy 
Sepulchre at Jerusalem. 

Bequeathed by Dr. Mason in 1841. See p. 265. 

1 Catalogue of the South Kensington Exhibition, 1862, p. 672. 



APPENDIX D. 335 

17. Four specimens of papyrus-rolls from Herculaneum, burnt to 
a crust. 

Presented to the Library by George IV. See p. 216. 

18. Piece of wood from the south side of the curious timber Church 
at Greensted in Essex, built A.D. 1013. 

Presented by Mr. James Dix, of Bristol, Feb. 10, 1865. 

19. Specimen of ornamental writing by Mr. Hormuzd Rassam 
whose name is so well known in England, first, from te having accom- 
pamed Mr. Layard during his Assyrian researches, and next from 
his, now happily ended, captivity in Abyssinia; consisting of various 
chapters from the Old and New Testaments, in Chaldee, Arabic, and 
Turk,sh, beautifully written in the form of two angels supporting a 
cross, within a border. 

Presented by Mr. Rassam on leaving Oxford in January, 1849, after a stay of 
some months, as a mark of thanks for the manner in which he had been received 
It o C cup,ed only forty-eight hours in execution, as he himself told the present 
writer . 

AT THE WEST END. 

20. Sir Thomas Bodley's bell. See p. 33. 

2i Maps of Oxford and Cambridge, by Ralph Aggas ; the former 

1578, the latter 1592; about three feet by four in size. 
These extremely curious and valuable maps were bequeathed by Dr. Rawlinson 
vmg become decayed and dilapidated by exposure, they were some few years ago 
ully mounted on canvas, on a wooden frame, and covered with glass- by 
"ch means they are effectually secured from further injury of the same kind. ' 

22. Four drawings of heads by Raffaele, or Giulio Romano. See 
p. 251. 

IN THE LIBRARIAN'S STUDY. 

23. A Roman inscription on a brazen plate: 

FLORAE 

T I. PLAVTIVS DROSVS 

MAG. II. 
V. S. L. M. 

Given by Dr. Rawlinson. An engraving is extant, among the many which were 
I for Rawlinson of various relics in his miscellaneous collection. It is 
escribed on the engraving as being Ex regiis Christina: thesauri*. 1 

M $P f ! me " of Mr - KM""* caligraphic skill is to be seen in the Common 

tv, W C Co " Cge (i " Which Collc g e he was ^tertained for s,,,m- time), 
College arms are represented in the same manner. 



336 APPENDIX D. 

24. A small plaster cast of the head of Torquato Tasso, from a wax 
model made by Mr. N. Marchant from a cast taken after Tasso's 
death, and preserved in the Convent of St. Onofrio at Rome, where his 
death occurred. 

IN THE OPPOSITE SUB-LIBRARIAN'S STUDY. 

25. A warrior on horseback, enamelled on copper, and marked 
' Ezechias.' 

26. A Greek painting on wood of St. George and the Dragon. 

27. Another Greek painting on wood, on a gold ground, apparently 
representing two angels bowing before the Blessed Virgin, &c. 

28. Heads of our Blessed Lord, and of King Charles I, painted 
on copper. See p. 148. 

29. A Phoenician inscription, on stone. See p. 162. 

The following Portraits hang in the Library : 

1. Sir T. Bodley. By Corn. Jansen. 

2. All the Librarians from James to Bowles; with a small engraved 
sketch of Price, and a photograph of Dr. Bandinel, taken in the year of 
his resignation of office. 

There are no portraits of Fysher or Owen. 

3. Archbishops Usher and Laud; Bishops Crewe and Atterbury ; 
Deans Nowell, Aldrich, and Hickes ; Erasmus, Wanley, Lye, Gassendi, 
Sir Thos. Wyat, two of Chaucer, Gower, Junius (sketch by Vandyke), 
two of Selden (with his arms painted on panel), Sir K. Digby, Queen 
Elizabeth of Bohemia ; Frederick, Elector Palatine ; Mr. Sutherland. 

4. Drawing of Thos. Alcock. By Cooper. 
Bequeathed by Rawlinson 

The following note is written on the back : 

' This picture was drawne for mee at the Earle of Westmoreland's house at 
Apethorpe, in Northamptonshire, by the greate (tho* little) Limner, the then famous 
Mr. Cooper of Covent-Garden, when I was eighteen years of age. 

' THOMAS ALCOCK, Preceptor.' 

5. Pen-and-ink sketch of Ant. a Wood, dated 1677. 

6. Pencil drawing of Pope. 
Bequeathed by Rawlinson. 

7. Drawing of F. Douce. 

8. Engraved portrait of Camden. 

Eighteen Oxford Almanacs, between the years 1812 and 1833, 
decorate the middle of the room. 



APPKXDIX D. 

PICTURE GALLERY. 

A Catalogue of the Pictures (which are now exclusively Portraits) 
was printed some years ago by the Janitor. Since then, the following 
additions have been made 1 : 

Froben, the printer. By Holbein. 

Bequeathed by Rawlinson. 

Oliver Plunket, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh ; executed 
in 1 68 1. On panel. 

Bequeathed by Rawlinson. 

James Edward, the ' old Chevalier,' and his wife Clementina Sobieski. 
See p. 169. 

Bequeathed by Rawlinson. 

Sir R. Chambers, Chief Justice of Bengal. 

Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart. By Richmond. 

Dr. Routh, President of Magdalen College. By Thomson. 

Dr. Daniel Wilson, Bishop of Calcutta. 

The Earl of Derby. By Grant. See p. 281. 

The Prince of Wales. By Gordon. See p. 304. 

The following Curiosities and Models are exhibited in the Gallery: 

1. Chair made from the wood of Sir F. Drake's ship. See p. 94. 

2. Chair of Henry VIII. See ib. 

3. Guy Fawkes' Lantern. See p. 97. 

4. A series of casts of various ancient Temples and other buildings. 
See p. 236. 

5. Model, in teak wood, of a subterranean palace and reservoir, 
in Guzerat; beautifully carved, and exhibiting the whole of the interior 
construction and arrangement. 

Presented in 1842 by Sir J. W. Awdry, Chief Justice of Bombay. 

6. Cases of Italian medals, medals by Dassier of English sovereigns, 
&c. See p. 182. 

7. Two plaster casts of monuments from N'ineveh, now in the British 
Museum, with cuneiform inscriptions. 

8. Model, in papier-mache, of the Martyrs' .Memorial, beautifully 
executed. 

Presented in 1844 by the late Rev. Vaughan Thomas, I!.D. 

9. Plaster model of the Waltham Cross. 
Presented by the same donor. 

10. Casts of the Elgin marbles. 

1 Besides some restorations from the Randolph Gallery of portraits lurm 
removed thither. 



338 APPENDIX D. 

11. Alabaster model of the Cathedral at Calcutta. 

Given by the late Bishop Wilson in 1846. This beautiful model was executed 
at Pisa; it was exhibited in the Italian department of the Great Exhibition in 1861. 

12. A large and fine model in cork, of the Amphitheatre at Verona ; 
by Dubourg. 

13. Model of the Royal Yacht in 1697. 

14. Glass case, containing : 

i. Two Chinese rolls, one silk, the other paper, containing 

coloured drawings of the banks of the river Tsing-Ming, 

with scenes illustrating the manners and amusements of 

the country. 

ii. Collection of Indian weapons presented by Mr. Elliott. 

See p. 291. 
iii. Series of clay figures, coloured, representing all degrees of 

rank, &c. among the Chinese. 
Brought by Col. Gibbes Rigaud, of the 6oth Rifles, the donor, from 

Tien-tsin, and given in 1862. 

iv. Handbell from a temple at Tien-tsin. See p. 33. 
v. Small Chinese figure of a deity, in brass ; from Pekin. 
vi. Half-burned copy of a Russian translation of the Pickwick 

Papers. 

Found in the Redan at Sebastopol, when that battery was stormed 
on Sept. 9, 1855. Given by Rev. F. J. Holt Beever in 1856. 

15. Portrait, on a large roll, of the late Emperor of China, seated, 
with a bow and arrow in his hands. 

Above is an autograph inscription by the Emperor, in verse, in praise of 
archery. Brought by Col. Rigaud from the ' Summer Palace.' 

16. Another glass case, containing: 

i. A series of carved and coloured ivory tablets, representing 
Chinese life and manners, partly broken ; with some gro- 
tesque figures, probably of deities, carved in wood. 
Believed to have been bequeathed by Rawlinson. 

ii. A series of small Chinese paintings on ivory. 
From the Douce collection. 

iii. Three sets of wooden roundels', or trenchers, of which two 

1 An engraving of a roundel (then, with others, in the possession of John Fenton 
of Fishguard) of which the exact counterpart is found in one of these sets, is given 
in the Gent. Magaz. for 1799, P- 4^5- As it > s not known how long the Library 
has been in possession of its present collection, it is possible that Mr. Fenton's series 
may now be included in it. A description of a set of the time of James I may be 
found in vol. xxxiv of the Archceologia, pp. 225-230; and a notice of the Bodleian 
trenchers in Notes and Queries, 1866, p. 472, and other communications on the 
subject in the first volume for 1867. 



APPENDIX E. 33 

are round (numbering thirty plates), the other square 
(numbering twelve); with mottos, in the former case in 
verse, in the latter consisting of precepts from the Bible 
One of the round sets belonged, in 1599, to Queen Elizabeth. 
The verses are sometimes humorous, sometimes moral, and 
strongly dehortatory from marriage ; not, however, out of any 
flattering deference to the condition or supposed inclination 
of the 'Virgin Queen,' but chiefly in accordance with the 
opposite view taken by some hard-hearted misogynist. Of 
the two classes of motto, let these stand as specimens : 

' If that a bachelor thou bee 

Keepe thou so, still be ruled by mee, 

Leaste that repentance all to late 

Reward thee with a broken pate.' 

' Content thyselfe with thyn estate, 
And send noo poor wight from thi gate : 
For why this councell I thee give 
To learne to die and die to lyve.' 

iv. A large set of wax impressions of seals. See p. 183. 
17. Model, in wood, of the Temple at Pjestum. 
Carved by Mr. Thomas Wyatt, of Oxford, about 1830. 



APPENDIX E. 

Numismatic Collection. 

The collection of Coins and Medals was commenced by the gift 
from Archbishop Laud of five cabinets of coins, in 1636', to which 
he subsequently made some additions. These were accompanied by ;i 
very full MS. catalogue, which is now preserved among Laud's .MSS., 
No. 554. In 1657 a large addition was made by Mr. Ralph Frc-kt- 
(see p. 88), and numerous small gifts came from many donors in 

Amongst these are several rare Hebrew specimens. Laud's letter of gift, dated 
June 16, is printed at p. 94. vol. ii., of his Remains, c,liu>! by II. U 
curious collection of Roman weights came amuii!- i-arU 
entered in Wise's catalogue. 



Z 2 



34 o APPENDIX E. 

following years. A catalogue, upon which Francis Wise had been 
engaged for a long period, was published by him in a folio volume, 
in 1750, entitled, Nummorum antiquorum scriniis Bodleianis reconditorum 
catalogus, cum commentario, tabulis aneis et appendice. Wise remarks 
in his Preface, that no donation, however trifling, was rejected, and 
that, consequently, there was (as there is still) a very large quantity of 
Middle and Third brass coins of little or no value. From Rawlinson 
there came, in 1755, besides coins, a collection of Italian medals (Popes, 
Medici family, &c.), and numerous matrices of seals, chiefly foreign. 
Browne Willis contributed the most valuable portion of the whole 
collection, in his series of gold and silver English coins 1 . 

Subsequent benefactors have been C. Godwyn, in 1770; Douce, 
whose collection included those of Calder, Moore, and Keate, and 
from whom came a series of Tradesmen's Tokens ; Dr. Ingram, in 1850, 
whose bequest included some British specimens ; the Queen, who gave, 
in 1 84 1, a portion of the treasure found at Cuerdale (see p. 264); Mackie, 
Roberts, Elliott, whose valuable series of Indo-Bactrian coins was 
presented in 1860 (see p. 291), and Dr. Caulfield of Cork, who pre- 
sented in 1866 a large collection of the Gun-money struck by James II 
in Ireland. The Ashmole coins were transferred from the Museum, 
together with Ashmole's library, in 1861. There is also a cabinet of 
Napoleon medals. 

No catalogue of any portion of the contents of this room (excepting 
a brief description of the Cuerdale coins) has been issued since the 
publication of Wise's volume. For some short time past, however, 
W. S. Vaux, Esq., of the British Museum, has occasionally afforded 
his valuable sen-ices in arrangement and description ; and it is hoped 
that before long the whole of the collection may be reduced to order 
and properly indexed. 

By the statutes of the Library, the Librarian, or one of the Sub- 
librarians, must always be present when any coins are exhibited ; nor 
may they be shown to more than two persons at a time, unless two 
officers of the Library, or a Curator, are present. No examination 
of coins for the purpose of comparison with other specimens is 
permitted. 

1 The special gems are a gold Allectus, and the famous Reddite and Petition 
crowns of Thomas Simon, the latter of which was struck in 1663. The Petition 
crown is probably the one which was sold in Dr. Mead's sale in February, 1 755 
(Cat. p. 186), and which is noted by Rawlinson in his copy of the sale catalogue 
as having been purchased by Hodsall for 12. A gold Allectus was sold at the 
same sale to the Duke of Devonshire for 21 5*. 



APPENDIX F. 34 1 

APPENDIX F. 

Past Librarians. 

59 8 - Thomas James, M.A. 

1620. John Rouse, M.A. 

1653. Thomas Barlow, M.A, afterwards Bishop of 

Lincoln. 

1660. Thomas Lockey, B.D. 

1665. Thomas Hyde, D.D. 

1701. John Hudson, D.D. 

1719- Joseph Bowles, M.A. 

1726. Robert Fysher, M.B. 

1747- Humphrey Owen, D.D. 

1768. John Price, B.D. 

1813. Bulkeley Bandinel, B.D. 

Past Sub-librarians. 

Before 16191. John Verneuil, M.A. 

1647. Francis Yonge, M.A. 

1657. Henry Stubbe, M.A. 

1659. Thomas Barlow, M.A., afterwards Librarian. 

******* 
About 1680-90. Rev. John Crabb, M.A. 
1695-1700. Rev. Joseph Crabb, M.A. 
1712. Thomas Hearne, M.A. 

1715- Rev. John Fletcher, M.A. 

1719- Rev. Francis Wise, B.D., appointed first Librarian^ 

of the Radcliffe in 1748, when he, no doubt, 
resigned his post in the Bodleian. 
1748 ? N. Foster 2 ? (qu. Nath. Foster, of Magd. Coll., 

M.A. in 1748?) 
[1770. 'Jones and White, Price's representatives 3 .'] 

1 The date of his appointment is not known, but that it was before, or at least 
not later than, 1619 is shown by an inscription in a copy of T. Holland's Oratio 
Sarisb. babifa, which records that it came to the Library in that year : ' Ex 
Johannis Vernulii, hypobibliothecarii.' 

2 His name first appears in 174^ as making out the accounts and receiving money. 

3 The reference to the source whence this quotation was taken has been 



342 



APPENDIX F. 



1780-81. John Walters, Scholar of Jesus College. 

Before 1787. Edward Morgan, Jesus College 1 , M.A. 

1788. John Bown, Lincoln College 2 , M.A. 

1797. Henry H. Baber, St. John's. 

1798. Henry Ellis, St. John's. 

[Before 1804 ? Rev. Sam. Rogers, M.A., Wadham College ?] 
Before 1810. Matthews. 

1 8 10. Philip Bliss, St. John's College. 

1811. Rev. Bulkeley Bandinel, M.A. 
1814. Rev. Henry Cotton, M.A. 

Rev. Alex. Nicoll, M.A. 

1822. Rev. Philip Bliss, D.C.L. 

Rev. Rich. F. Laurence, M.A. 

1826. Rev. Charles Henry Cox, M.A. 

1828. Rev. Stephen Reay, M.A. 

Rev. John Besly, M.A. 

1831. Rev. Ernest Hawkins, M.A. 

1834. Rev. William Cureton, M.A. 

1837. Rev. Herbert Hill, M.A. 

1838. Rev. H. O. Coxe, M.A. 

1 86 1. Rev. Rob. Payne Smith, M.A. 

1865. Max Miiller, M.A. 



1 See Nichols' Lit, Hist. vol. v. p. 539. 



Ibid. p. 541. 



APPENDIX F. 343 

Present Officers of the Library. 

LIBRARIAN: 

Rev. H. O. Coxe, M.A., Corp. Chr. Coll., appointed Sub-librarian, 
Nov. 16, 1838; Head Librarian, Nov. 6, x86o. 

SUB-LIBRARIANS : 

Rev. Alfred Hackraan, M.A., Ch.Ch., Assistant for the General Catalogue, 

April 27, 1837; Sub-librarian, April 20* 1862. 
Rev. John William Nutt, M.A., All Souls' Coll., June 25, 1867. 

ASSISTANTS : 
First Class. 

Mr. H. S. Harper, [entered the Library June, 1837.] 
Mr. H. J. Sides, [Dec., 1853.] 
Mr. H. Haines, [Dec., 1861.] 

Second Class. 

Rev. W. H. Bliss, M.A., Magd. Coll., [March, 1866.] 
Mr. Henry J. Shuffrey, [Jan., 1863.] 

Third Class. 

Percy W. Collcutt, [June, 1866.] 
W. F. Green, [March, 1868.] 



NEW CATALOGUE. 

General Superintendent. 

Rev. W. D. Macray, M.A., Magd. Coll., [June, 1840.] 

TRANSCRIBERS : 

Mr. George Parker, [Sept., 1855.] 
Mr. Will. H. Timberlake, [June, 1857.] 
Mr. Fred. Prickett, [Jan., 1863.] 
Mr. Will. Burden, [Jan., 1863.] 
Mr. Will. Plowman, [Nov., 1863.] 

ATTENDANTS : 

Will. H. Allnutt, [Oct., 1864.] 
W. R. Sims, [May, 1867.] 
W. S. Plowman, [Sept., 1867.] 

BINDER: 

Edwin Hickman, [March, 1864.] 



JANITOR: John Norn's, [Oct., 1835.] 

DEPUTY-JANITOR: Robert Roby, [Dec., 1860.] 

JANITOR AT THE CAMERA RADCLiviANA : W. Bayzand, [June, 1863.] 



.V,., APPENDIX G. 



APPENDIX G. 

Rules of the Library. 

The Library is open from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. from Lady-Day to 
Michaelmas, and from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. from Michaelmas to Lady- 
Day. It is closed from Christmas Eve to the Feast of the Circum- 
cision, both inclusive ; on the Epiphany ; on Good Friday, Easter Eve, 
and through the whole of Easter week ; on Ascension Day ; on Whit- 
Monday and Whit-Tuesday ; on the day of the University Com- 
memoration ; for the first week in October (Oct. 1-7), for purposes 
of dusting and cleaning ; and on Nov. 7th and 8th (or Nov. 6-7th, 
should the 8th fall on a Sunday) for the Visitation. 

On other festival days, being days for which services are appointed 
in the Prayer-Book, and on which Sermons are, consequently, preached 
before the University, as well as on the days of Latin Litany and 
Sermon (viz. the first day of each Term), the Library is opened when 
the Sermon is over, i.e. ordinarily at n o'clock. 

All graduate members of the University have the right to use the 
Library. Undergraduates are admitted upon bringing letters of recom- 
mendation from their Tutors. Strangers are admitted upon being 
introduced by a Master of Arts or higher graduate, or upon producing 
sufficient letters of introduction ; but every facility is afforded to 
strangers who make personal application to the Librarian for permission 
to make researches for any definite and special purpose. 

The Library is under the control of a Board of Curators, consisting 
of the Vice-Chancellor, the two Proctors, the five Regius Professors 
of Divinity, Civil Law, Medicine, Hebrew, and Greek, and five 
Members of Congregation, elected by that House for ten years. 



The Camera Radcli-viana, formerly the Radcliffe Library, is open 
all the year round from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. ; excepting that it is closed 
during the same periods at which the old Library is closed. In it 
are to be found most of the publications of the last sixteen years, with 
the most recent magazines ; and books from the general collection 
may be carried over for use there, upon proper application. 

The Statutes of the Library are printed in the general Corpus 
Statutorum Universitatis. 



INDEX: 



ABBOT, Archbp., 36. 

Abbott, Robert, 36. 

Abel-Remusat, J. P., sale, 332. 

Abingdon, Earls of, 180, 281. 

Abulpharage, Gregory, 114. 

Acland (H. W.), M.D. 293, 294 . 

Acton, Oliver, 184. 

Actor, Petrus, 113. 

Adams, Thomas, 36. 

Addison, Joseph, 223, 322. 

Adelaide, Q^ Consort of Will. IV, 319 

./Egidius Romanus, in. 

./Elfgiva, Abbess of Barking, 327. 

.flEsop, 27 n. 

j^thiopic MSS., 63, 113, 215, 267. 

Aggas, Ralph, 335. 

Airy, G. B., 195. 

Albert, Prince, 252, 319. 

Albert of Aix, 296. 

Albertini, Albert, 202. 

Alcock, Thomas, 336. 

Aldines purchased, 117,204, 229,232 ., 

242, 262, 300; catalogued, 203. 
Aldred, , M.A., 107. 
Aldrich, Henry, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., 

"9. 12 5. 336. 

Aldworth, Rev. John, 39. 

Ales, Alexander de, in.* 

Alexander, Romance of, 17. 

Aleyne, Richard, 314. 

Alfred the Great, transl. of Gregory's 
Pastoral Care, 100 ; Preface to 
Gregory's Dialogues, ib. ; coins, 264. 

Allen, , 158. 

Allen, Fifield, M.A., 107. 

Allen, Thomas, M.A., donor, 19 ; men- 
tioned, 58. 

Allen, Thomas, Finchley, 57. 

Allibond, Dr. John, Rnstica Acad. Oxon. 
Desc., 75. 

Al-malek, Alashraf Shalian, Sultan, 114. 



Almanacks, deemed unworthy of admis- 
sion by Bodley, 66 ; Clog almanacks, 
105, 161, 325 ; various almanacks, 
183; MS. astrological calendar, 329 ; 
brass calendar, 333. 

Alstedius, J. H., Systema Mnemon., 43. 

Altham, Roger, D.D., 39. 

Altham, Roger, jun., M.A., 106. 

Alward, John, 315. 

American Tracts, 253, 254, 271 ; 
Psalters, 264. 

Ames, Joseph, 200, 232. 

Anabat, Guil., 312. 

Anacreon, 298. 

Anderson, Sir Richard, donor, 49. 

Anglo-Saxon MSS., 19,63, 99, 100, IOJ, 
103, 104 ; the Chronicle, 64 ; list of 
some, in some priests' libraries, 25. 

Anne, Queen, 127, 137. 

Anstey, Rev. Henry, M.A., 7. 

Anstis, John, 178. 

Anwykyll, John, Compend. Grammat., 
i I 2 11. 

Apsley, Sir Peter, 185 . 

Aquinas, St. Thomas, 285 . 

Arabic MSS., 51, 59, 63, 76, 82 n., 
91, 95, 113 bis, 199, 206, 207, 208, 
215, 2.25, 229, 231, 233, 267, 269, 
289, 290, 294 n. 

Arbuthnot, Alex., 304. 

Archaologia, cited, 338 . 

Archimedes, 201. 

Arethas of Patras, 208, 215. 

Aretine, L., 8. 

Aristotle, 8, in, 226. 

Armenian MSS., 63, 92, 113. 

Arnold, Samuel, Mus. D., 205. 

Articles of 1562, with signatures of 
Convocation, 87. 

Arundel, Howard, Earl of, collector of 
Marbles and MSS., 102. 



346 



INDEX. 



Arundel Marbles, 138. 

Ashantee, Princes of, 319. 

Ashburnham, Earl of, 321. 

Asher, A., 275. 

Ashmole, Elias, 177; his library, 287; 

a MS. 327; coins, 340. 
Ashton, John, or Eschyndone, 58. 
Asula, A. de, 261. 
Athelstan, King, 23. 
Athenteum, 281, 295 ., 301. 
Atkins, Henry, M.D., 37. . 
Atterbury, Francis, Bp. of Rochester, 

336. 

Attila, 334. 

Aubigne, Sieur d', Hist. Univ., 72. 
Aubrey, John, MSS., 253, 288; Lives 

cited, 73. 77 " 
Auerbach, Dr. I., 275. 
Aufrecht, Theod., M.A., 265, 270, 272, 

294 ., 300. 

Augustine, St., of Hippo, 20 ., 253. 
Augustine, St., of Canterbury, his MS. 

of the Gospels, 24. 
Aurung-zebe, 158. 
Awdry, Sir J. W., donor, 337. 
Ayliffe, Dr. John, Univ. of Oxford 

cited, 31, 38, 86 n. 

BASER, Rev. H. H., M.A., Sub- 
librarian, 204, 217. 

Backer, A. De, Bibl., des cr. de la 
Comp de Jes. cited, 224 n. 

Bacon, Sir Francis, donor, 49 ; Works, 
50; Essays, 51. 

Bacon, Roger, 58, 329. 

Bacon, Thomas Sclater, 184. 

Bagford, John, 1 12, 177, 178. 

Bailey, W., B.A., 239, 241. 

Bailly, Lud., 263. 

Baker, Thomas, B.D., 178, 212 n. 

Bale, John, Bp. of Ossory, 90, 239, 248. 

Hal lard, George, his bequest, 186-8; 
cited, 49, 52 n. ; references to his 
MSS., 99, 156; mentioned, 320. 

Balliol, Devorguilla de, 314. 

Bandinel, Bulkeley, D.D., mentioned, 
82 ., 149, 215, 220, 237, 238, 249, 
273, 279, 336; Sub-librarian, 217; 
Librarian, 218; resignation, 292; 
death, 293 ; sale of his library, 297. 

Banks, Sir Joseph, 194. 

Barges, J. J., 311. 

Barker, Christopher, 52, 171 n. 

Barker, E. H., 290. 

Barker, Robert, donor, 25 ; mentioned, 
36, 171 . 



Barker, Robert, in 1631, 290 . 

Barlow, Thomas, D.D., elected Libra- 
rian, 76 ; draws up a paper against 
lending books, 79 > quotations from 
it, 50, 72, 77, 81-84; Library 
accounts, 67, 69, 85 ; mentioned, 
58, 100 .; resigns, 90; interview 
with a R. C. priest, 91 ; his books, 
99, in, 115, 119, 126, 129, 328. 

Barnes, J., mentioned, 41 ; donor, 50. 

Barnes, Joshua, 178, 320. 

Barnes, Juliana, 160. 

Barocci, Giacomo, his MSS., 53-55, 130 
n.; references to MSS., 83. 

Barrett, P., B.A., 235. 

Barrington, Shute, Bp. of Durham, 
donor, 231. 

Barth&emy, J. J., 162. 

Basire, James, 212 ., 213. 

Baskett, John, donor, 147. 

Basle, Council of, 51. 

Bassandyne, Thomas, 304. 

Bateman, , 153. 

Bath, Countess of, 185 n. 

Battely, Oliver, M.A., 107. 

Bathurst, Ralph, M.D., donor, 88. 

Baudry, F., 184 . 

Baxter, W. H., 309. 

Bayeux, 180. 

Beaumont, F., and Fletcher, J., 231. 

Bebseth, John, 315. 

Becket, Archbp. T. a, 29, 42, 104, 188. 

Becon, Thomas, 248. 

Beddoes, Thomas, M.D., makes com- 
plaint against Price, 197. 

Bede, cited, 64, 102, 327 . ; mentioned, 
104. 

Bedell, William, Bp. of Kilmore, MS. 
papers, 176. 

Bedford, Bp. Hilkiah, 181. 

Bedford, William, M.A., 106, 181. 

Beet, T., bookseller, 42 n. 

Beever, Rev. F^J., donor, 338. 

Bell, Rev. John, 39. 

Bembi, Cardinal, 58. 

Benaliis, B. de, 310. 

Bengal, Asiatic Society of, donor, 269. 

Benius, Paulus, 50. 

Bennet, Sir John, mentioned, 36 ; one 
of Bodley's executors, and a defalca- 
tor, 37. 

Bennet, Matthew, 37. 

Bent, Andrew, 233. 

Berkshire MSS., 212 . 

Bernard, Edward, D.D., his books, 116, 
117; mentioned, 133; Catal. MSS., 



INDEX. 



347 



89, 94, 95, 101, 103, 104, 108, no, 
in, 113 bit, 116, 117, 130 ., 287. 

Bernstein, Dr., 296. 

Berryer, M., 319. 

Besly, John, D.C.L., Sub-librarian, 242, 
246. 

Bestiaries, 327-8. 

Beverland, Hadrian, 207. 

Bible, Paris Polyglott, 76; Hebr. MS. 
324, pr. 1488, 201 ; Latin, MSS., 22, 
224 ; c. 1455 (Mazarine), 202 ; 1462, 
on vellum, 161, on paper, 201 ; c. 
1470,210; 1471,26.; (Strasb.) n. d., 
ib. ; Wickliffe's Version, 96 ; Cover- 
dale's 1535, 239, 32151537, ib. ; 
Cromwell's 1539, 300; Cranmer's 

1540, 1541, 1553, 239; Matthew's 
1551, ib. ; Bishops' 1568, 233; First 
Scottish edit. 1579, 304; Auth. Vers. 
1631,290; 1639, 535 Vinegar 1717, 
147; Glasgow 1862, 330; Bowyer, 
244-5 ; Douay, 49 ; Bohemian, Ed. 
Pr., 283; Dutch 1637, 89; German, 
Ed. Pr., 202; 1466, 233; Luther's 

1541, 245, 330; Royal Press, Berlin, 
330; Polish 1563, 229. Old Test, 
Syriac, 107; Pentateuch, Hebr. 1482, 
226; Samaritan, 296; Syriac, 107; 
German, 283 ; Genesis, Greek, 283 ; 
Psalters, Lat., 179, 249, 327; 1459, 
229; Archbp. Parker's, 250; Ameri- 
can, 264; JEtbiopic, 1513, 89. Apo- 
crypha 1549, 233. New Test., Co- 
dex Ebner. 229-30; Tyndale's 1534, 
232; 1536, 239; Coverdale's 1538, 
302 ; Hollybush 1538, 239 ; Eras- 
mus 1540, ib. ; C. Barker, 52 ; 1625, 
53 ; 1628, 53 ; 1630, 53. Evangeli- 
aries, Greek, 94, 224. Gospels, Lat., 
104, 327 ; Lat. (given by S. Gregory 
to S. Augustine), 24 ; Early English, 
100; Coptic, 107; Russian, 19; Sy- 
riac, 56; St. Luke, Greek, 283; St. 
Luke and St. John, Greek, 283 ; Lat., 
1 79 ; Acts, Codex Laudiamis, 64 ; 
Biblia Pauperum, 321 n. ; Apocalypse 
illustrated, MS., 321, 328; MS. illus- 
trations of the Bible, 324. 

Bill, John, 17, 53. 

Bilstone, John, M.A., Janitor, 151, 152 ; 

deprivation and death, 192. 
Bindings, 27 n., 49, 51-3, 57, 89, 230, 

332- 333- 

Birch, Thomas, D.D., 172. 
Bishop, , 205. 
Bishop, Sir Henry, 278. 



Black, W. H., 287, 289. 

Blackbourne, Bp. John, 169. 

Blacman, John, 318. 

Blackstone, Sir W., 320 n. 

Blackwood, Adam, 266 n. 

Blades, William, 155, 250, 262. 

Blakeway, Edward, M.A., 107. 

Blakeway, Rev. J. B., Shropshire MSS., 
263. 

Blakeway, Richard, M.A., 106. 

Blayney, Benjamin, D.D., 198. 

Bliss, Rev. Nathaniel, 194. 

Bliss, Philip, D.C.L., his sale, 97, 289 ; 
cited, 117, 152, 171 . ; mentioned, 
178, 180, I92.,i96, 215, 216, 21971., 
220, 235, 236, 242, 245, 257 ., 
320 . 

Bliss, W. H., M.A., 117. 

Block-books, 321. 

Blow, Dr. John, 205. 

Bloxam, J. R., D.D., Regist. of Magd. 
Coll., cited, 1 88, 210. 

Blunt, J. H., M.A., 132 n. 

Bobart, J., 115. 

Boccaccio, Giovanni, 8, 296, 330. 

Bodleian Library, see ' Stationers' Com- 
pany;' central room built to receive 
Duke Humphrey's books, 7 ; destruc- 
tion of his library, i i-i 2 ; re-founda- 
tion by Bodley, 14; roof, 14-15; 
register of benefactors, 1 6 ; opened, 
24; styled the Bodleian by letters 
patent, 25 ; eastern wing built, 29 ; 
great window, ib. ; endowments, 32; 
western wing built, 60; statute 1813, 
218; new statutes 1856, 284; first 
catalogue 1605, 207; second 1620, 
46, 91; appendix 1635, 60; prices 
of these catalogues, 60; third 1674,- 
97> 'S^-?.; Hearne's Appendix, 123; 
fourth 1738, 156; fifth 1843, 268; 
new catalogue now in progress, 291 ; 
Uri's catalogue of Oriental MSS., 199 ; 
catalogues of pictures, 189; of early 
printed books 1 795, 203 ; number 
of books 1620, 46-7; of MSS. 1690, 
J i o ; of printed books and MSS. 
1714, 137; 1849, 274; 1867,305; 
remonstrance from foreign readers 
against an order of the Curators, 68 ; 
loan to Charles I, 37, 69 ; supposed 
attempt to burn the library, 70 ; at- 
tendance of readers in 1648-9, 75; 
in 1730-40, 152; duplicates ex- 
changed with Queen's College, 115; 
sales of duplicates, 160, 20 1, 297, 



INDEX. 



298 ; western end re-floored, 191 ; 
annual payment from graduates, 195 ; 
books not allowed to be borrowed, 
50, 82 n. ; borrowing allowed by Lord 
Pembroke and Sir T. Roe, 51; by 
Sir K. Digby, 59 ; loan of books re- 
fused to Bp. Williams, 50 ; to Charles 
I, 72 ; to Cromwell, 76; to the trans- 
lators of the Bible, 82 n. ; to Archbp. 
Laud, ib. ; granted by special grace, 
from some collections, to Selden, 79 ; 
MSS. lent to Marshall, 100; to the 
French government by Convocation, 
295 ; removal of books forbidden 
1686, 109; books returned to 
Univ. Libr., Cambr., 154 ; to Emman. 
Coll., Cambr., 159 ; to Magd. and 
Univ. Coll., Oxf., 215; to Durham, 
216; to two parishes, 234; books 
stolen, 74, Son., 81, 103 .; denunci- 
ation of a thief by the Curators, 80 . ; 
books restored, 81,82, 103 .; chains 
for books, 86; pamphlets, 66, 194, 
202, 290 ; dispute between the Heb- 
domadal Board and the Curators, 198; 
poem on the Library, 1 96 ; returns 
to House of Commons, 227,273,274; 
Greek text affixed to the door, 209 ; 
coldness in winter formerly, 98 ; warm- 
ing apparatus, 234-5 ; the Radcliffe 
building assigned as a reading-room, 
293, 295 ; visited by James I, 26, 41, 
by Charles I, 55, 70, by Charles II, 92, 
by James II, 109, by George III, 197, 
by her present Majesty, 319; American 
visitor's account cited, 134 n. ; order 
in 1 722 against admission of readers at 
unstatutable times, 74; Anatomy Sch., 
132, 134, 136, 140, assigned to the 
Library, 200; heads formerly on the 
wall of Picture Gallery, 138; the 
clock, 182 n. ; librarians' celibacy, 
21 ; stipends of officers in 1655-7, 87 ; 
stipends of Sub-librarians, 260 ; in 
1856, 284 ; list of officers, 341-343 ; 
rules, 344. 

Bodley, Gerard, 160. 

BODLEY, Sir Thomas ; early career, 1 2- 
13 ; begins to restore the Library, 
14; his motto, 15; bust, 26; de- 
sires the Catalogue to be dedicated 
to the Prince of Wales, 27; builds 
eastern wing, 29 ; said to have given 
plate to the Stationers' Company on 
their agreement with him, 32 ; en- 
dows the Library, 32 ; forbad the bor- 



rowing of books, 82 n ; his bell, 33 ; 
his chest, ib.; death, 37 ; charged 
with neglect of his relatives, 38 ; 
petition from his grand-nephew and 
niece, 39 ; portrait, 336 ; portrait on 
glass at Oriel Coll., 45 . ; annual 
Bodley speech, 105 ; Reliquia Bod- 
leiance cited, 14, 16, 21, 22, 26, 27, 
28, 31, 33, 40, 42, 88 ; mentioned, 
138; books with his autograph, 32, 
296 ; Jitsta Funebria Bodlei cited, 
26, 37; Bodleiomnema, 37. 

Bodley, Capt. Sir Josias, 13 n. ; donor, 
21. 

Bodley, Laurence, 13 n. 

Bodley, Miles, 1 3 n. 

Boethius, 23. 

Boileau, Nic., 298. 

Bois, Sim. du, 312. 

Bokelonde, Thomas, 8 n. 

Boleyn, Queen Anne, 333 ; book which 
belonged to her, 27. 

Bolingbroke, Lord, 175. 

Boninis, B. de, 312. 

Bonner, Edm., Bishop of London, 239. 

Bonyngton, W., 313. 

Boone, T., 304. 

Booth, John, Bp. of Exeter, 317 n. 

Borlase, Dr. W., 289. 

Boswell, James, Life of Johnson, 188 . 

Boswell, James, 231. 

Boswell, Sir W., 322. 

Botel, Henry, 303. 

Boucher, Rev. Jonathan, 254. 

Bourgchier, Sir H., 54. 

Bowcher, G., donor, 149. 

Bowen, James, donor, 163, 321. 

Bowles, Joseph, M.A. ; Dr. Hudson's 
servitor, 139, 140; elected Librarian, 
144; Hearne's character of him, 
145, 146; began to print a new Cata- 
logue, 158; demanded payment for 
making lists, 171 n. ; death, 151. 

Bown, John, M.A., 342. 

Bowyer, Sir George, donor, 260. 

Bowyer, Rob.; his illustrated Bible, 244. 

Boyce, William, Mus. D., 205. 

Boydell, J., 258. 

Boyle, Robert ; History of the Air, 124. 

Boys, John, D.D., 36. 

Bradley, Dr. James; MSS. of his Astron. 
Observations, 193, 195. 

Bradshaw, Henry, M.A., Cambr., 1 1 2 ., 

155- 
Brahe, Tycho ; Astron. Median., with 

original MSS. additions, 58. 



INDEX. 



349 



Braidwood, , 234, 284. 

Breamore, Hants, 131. 

Bredon, Simon, 58. 

Brent, Charles, M.A., 107. 

Bresslau, M. H., 114. 

Brett, Lieut., 289. 

Breviaries, 213, 280, 303, 310, 311. 

Brewer, J. S., M.A., 166. 

Brewster, William, M.D., 142. 

Bridgeman, William; his sale, 173, 184. 

Bridges, John ; Northamptonshire col- 
lections, 204. 

Bridges, Nath., D.D., 204. 

Brie, Joh. de, 312. 

Bright, B. H., donor, 232 n. ; sale, 270. 

Brightwell, Rich., i.e. J. Frith, q. v. 

Bristol, Charter, 180. 

Bristol, George Digby, Earl of, 240. 

British Museum; various MSS., 1O, 19 
., 101, 102, 153, 180; printed books, 
246 ., 272. 

Britton, John, 253 ., 288. 

Broad, J., 285. 

Brooke, Margaret, donor, 57. 

Brooks, , glass-painter, 193. 

Brougham, Lord, 319. 

Brounst, Richard, 314. 

Brown, Thomas R., M.A., 260 . 

Brown, Thomas, 196 n. 

Browne, Arthur, M.A., 268. 

Browne, Lancelot, M.D., donor, 22. 

Browne, Sir Thomas, 177. 

Bruce, James; his MSS., 266-8. 

Bruce, John, 61. 

Bruno, S., 179. 

Bry, J. T. de, 279. 

Buckeridge, John, Bp. of Rochester, 36. 

Buckhurst, Lord. See Dorset. 

Buckingham, George, first Duke, 51, 54, 

334- 

Buckingham, Sheffield, Duke of; por- 
trait, 148. 

Buckinghamshire MSS., 190. 

Bugenhagen, J., 246 n. 

Bull, George, Bp. of St. David's, 320 n. 

Bull, N., Janitor, 189. 

Bulls relating to England, no. 

Bunsen, Chevalier, 319. 

Bunyan, John, 304. 

Burbache, John, 316. 

Burdett-Coutts, Miss, 42 . 

Bure, G. F. de, 200, 321 n. 

Bures, Suffolk, parish register, 234. 

Burgess, Thos., Bp. of St. David's, 196. 

Burgo, D. de, 8. 

Burgred, King of Mercia, 185. 



Burmese MSS., 240, 326. 

Burn, J. H., 297. 

Burn, J. S., cited, 290 n. 

Burnet, Gilbert, Bp. of Salisbury, 175, 

238, 251, 254, 276 ; Life of Hale 

cited, 77, 85. 
Burnett, Alex., Archbp. of St. Andrew's, 

155 

Burnford, Humphrey, Librarian, 1 1 . 
Burton, Daniel, M.A., 107. 
Burton, Robert; his gift of printed 

books, 65-7, in. 
Burton, Archd. Samuel, 57. 
Burton, Thomas, M.A., 106. 
Burton, William, donor, 56. 
Bury, Philip of, Bp. of Durham ; his 

library at Durham College, 4. 
Bury St. Edmund's, abbey register, 

154 n. 

Butler, Charles, 247. 
Butler, Samuel, Bp. of Lichfield, 262. 
Butler, William, M.D., 333. 
Button, James, donor, 44. 
Byron, Lord, 227. 

CADELL, T., 166. 

Caedmon, 102, 327. 

Calamy, Edmund, 320 n. 

Calcott, John, B.D., 221. 

Calcutta, 338. 

Caldecott, Thomas, donor, 247. 

Calder, , coins, 340. 

Camac, Turner, donor, 199. 

Cambridge, Statutes of various Colleges, 
179 ; Corp. Chr. Coll., MS. there, 24 ; 
fragment there, 112 n. ; Emmanuel 
Coll., book restored to the College, 
159 ; St. John's Coll., fragment there, 
112 n. ; Univ. Library, 112 n.; MSS. 
restored to Moore's Library, 154/1. ' 
return to House of Commons of 
books rejected, 227; map, 335. 

Camden, William, donor, 19 ; MS. col- 
lections, 196 . ; engraved portrait, 
336 ; Britannia and Annales Eliz., 
153- 

Canonici, M. L., his MSS., 223-6, 230 ., 
310; fragments of vellum Bible, 161. 

Canons, early MSS., 100, 103. 

Canterbury, MSS. from St. Augustine's, 
22, 24; Statutes of the Cathl., 179. 

Capgrave, John, 10, 178. 

Carew, Sir G., MSS., 64 n. 

Carleton, Sir Dudley, and Alice, 38, 
48 n. 

Carmey, Angel, 182 . 



350 



INDEX. 



Carte, Thomas, his MSS., 165-7 ? Letters 
cited, 75. 

Cary, Henry, M.A., 268; Mem. of the 
Civ. War, 154. 

Casaubon, Isaac, writes verses on Bod- 
ley's death, 37 ; his Adversaria, 95. 

Casaubon, Meric, bequeathed his father's 
Adversaria, 95. 

Cassel, D., 275 n. 

Cassini, , 205. 

Castell, Edmund, D.D., 150. 

Castlemain, Lord, 173. 

Catalogues, Sale, 248. 

Catherine, S., 178. 

Cato, 43. 

Caulfield, Richard, LL.D., donor, 311, 

34- 

Cave, Sir Thomas, donor, 1 88. 
Cawood, John, 171 . 
Caxton, William, Descr. of Brit., 88 ; 

Governayle of Health, 155 ; Ars Mo- 

riendi, 155; Game of Chesse, 163; 

Recnyell of Troye, 163; Horce, 250; 

Booite ofCurtesye, 250; Dictes, 262; 

Chronicle, 280, 321 ; Pilgrimage, 

328 ; placard, 250. 
Cecil, R., Lord Burleigh, 171 . 
Celotti, Abate, 230 n. 
Chace, Thomas, Chanc. of Oxford, 7 n. 
Chains for books, 86 ; books unchained, 

101. 

Chalmers, Alexander, donor, 212 n. 

Chalmers, George, sale, 248 ., 254. 

Chamberlain, John, 38, 48 n. 

Chamberlayne, Edward, LL.D., papers, 
1 76 ; State of Great Brit., 237. 

Chambers, Sir R., 337. 

Chambre, W. de, Hist. Dnnelm. cited, 4 n. 

Chandler, Richard, D.D., 162. 

Chandos, James Brydges, Duke of, his 
sale, 147, 165 ., 184. 

Chapman, , bookseller, 201. 

Chapman, George, 231. 

Chappiel, Anth., 312. 

Charlemagne, 250. 

Charles I, visits the Library, 55, 70 ; 
his application to borrow a book re- 
fused, 71-2; ' an f money to him, 
37, 69; book said to be bound in a 
piece of his waistcoat, 53 ; book that 
belonged to him, 178; Catalogue 
ded. to him in 1620, 46; letters, 
154, 289; Treaty in Isle of Wight, 
187; bust, 61 ; portraits, 148, 255; 
mentioned, 54, in, 171 ., 331, 334. 

Charles II, visits the Library, 92; platter 



from the Royal Oak, 324 ; oak 
planted by him in St. James' Park, 
135; letters, 173; portraits, 255; 
mentioned, 237, 258. 

Charlett, Arthur, D.D., 99, 116, 117, 
118, 119, 121, 127, 128, 136, 145, 
171 ., 187; book-plate, 186. 

Charlotte, O^. Consort of George III, 197. 

Chartier, Alan, 18 ., 215. 

Chaucer, Geoffrey, 96, 178, 336. 

Chaworth, Dr., 69. 

Cheke, Sir John, 56. 

Cherry, Francis, his MSS., 52, 151. 

Chester Cathedral, 179. 

Chettle, H., 298. 

Cheshire MSS., 265. 

Chichester, 180. 

Children of the Chapel, 156 . 

Chinese books, 28, 63, 91, 208, 284, 
338; Chinese visitors, 109, 320; 
Chinese figures, &c., 338. 

Chipping-Barnet, 180. 

Christian, Charles, 183. 

Christie, , auctioneer, 267. 

Chrysanthus, Patr. of Jerusalem, donor, 

143- 

Churchill, A., Voyages, 124. 
Churchill, Sir Winston, 320 n. 
Churchyard, Thomas, two of his tracts 

stolen, 8 1. 

Citium, in Cyprus, 162. 
Clapham, John, donor, 28. 
Clarendon, Edward, first Earl of, donor, 

94 ; his MSS., 163, 289, 294 n. ; 

resignation of Chanc. of Univ., 323 ; 

Gray's copy of his History, 276. 

v. Sutherland. 

Clarendon, Edward, third Earl, 164. 
Clarendon, H., Earl of, MSS., 184, 281. 
Clarke, , 115. 

Clarke, Edw. D., LL.D., his MSS., 215. 
Clarke, Sam., M.A., his MSS., 95, 268. 
Clarke, William, Repert. Bibl. cited, 

255 > 305- 
Clarke, W. N., D.C.L., Collection of 

Letters, 154; Berkshire MSS., 212 . 
Clavell, Walter, 184. 
Claymond, John, II. 
Clayton, Dr. John, 8l. 
Cleaver, E., Bp. of St. Asaph, 192. 
Clement VIII, Pope, 283, 310. 
Clements, , bookseller, 144. 
Cloyne, 311. 

Cobbe, Richard, M.A., 149. 
Cobham, Thomas, Bp. of Worcester, first 

founder of the Univ. Library, 3. 



INDEX. 



Cobham, Lord, donor, 22. 

Cockburn, John, D.D., and his son, 

127. 
Coins and Medals, 61, 75, 88, 93, 124, 

125, 182, 190, 191, 203, 264, 291, 

294 n. ; Catalogue ordered to be 

made, 76; enlarged by Hearne, 123; 

coin-room, 339, 340. 
Cole, T., 212' n. 

Coif, R., D.D., his sons, donors, 44. 
Collier, Bp. Jeremy, M.A., 168 n. 
Collins, Richard, 36. 
Columba, S., 64, 176. 
Compton, Henry, Bp. of London ; MS. 

papers, 154 ., 175; mentioned, 127. 
Conde, J. Ant., 238. 
Connock, Richard, donor, 42. 
Constance, Council of, Ada, 9, 58. 
Cook, Captain, Voyages, 198. 
Cooper, or Cowper, George, M.A., 121. 
Cooper, Samuel, 336. 
Cope, Sir Walter, donor, 22. 
Coptic, MSS. 107, 149, 150, 267. 
Corbinelli, J., 296. 
Cornbury, Henry Hyde, Lord, donor of 

the Clarendon MSS., 163. 
Cornhill Magazine, 280, 302 n. 
Cornish MSS., 44. 
Cosin, Richard, LL.D., 170 n. 
Cotton, Archd. Henry, Sub-librarian, 

220; mentioned, 223, 235; List of 

Bibles cited, 97 ; Typogr. Gaz. cited, 

112 ., 162 n., 244, 303, 310 . ; 

donor, 311. 
Cotton, Sir R., donor, 24 ; MS. from 

his library, 96 n. ; mentioned 9, 

86. 
Courayer, F. le, papers and portrait, 

205. 

Coventrcy, Thomas, 37. 
Coventry, placards, &c., 298. 
Coverdale, Miles, Bp. of Exeter, 239, 

277, 302. 

Coward, William, M.D., donor, 119. 
Cowderoy, W., Janitor, 189. 
Cowley, Abraham, his Poems, given by 

him, 45 n. ; verses on Drake's chair, 

95- 

Cowper, William, 45. 

Cox, C. H., M.A., Sub-librarian, 240, 
242. 

Coxe, H. O., M.A., Sub-librarian, 261 ; 
Librarian, 293 ; mentioned, 19 n., 
29, 43, 64, 112, 169 /;., 172, 182, 
194, 196 n., 279, 280, 289 n., 291, 
298, 328 ; Catalogues, 55,65, 87, 89, 



95, 108, 149, 186, 223 ., 225, 

230, 238, 251 ; donor, 212 n. 
Crabb, John, M.A., Sub-librarian, 131-2. 
Crabb, Jos., M.A. , Sub-librarian, 129-131. 
Crabb, William, 131. 
Crabeth, , 228. 
Cranmer, Thomas, Archbp. of Cant., 

Autograph, if n. 
Cremer, Henry, M.A., 107. 
Crevenna, P. A., sale, 201. 
Crew, , M.A., 92. 
Crewe, Nathaniel, Bp. of Durham, donor, 

92, 162 ; portrait, 336. 
Croft, William, Mus. D., 205, 206. 
Cromwell, Henry, 322. 
Cromwell, Oliver, gift of Greek MSS., 

55, 89 ; applies for the loan of a 

MS.,' but is refused, 76; letters, 154; 

Memoirs, 227; portraits, 255. 
Cromwell, Richard, 55 n. 
Croydon, 180. 
Crynes, Nathaniel, M.A., his bequest, 

159, 1 60; had some duplicates from 

the Bodleian, 46. 
Crystall, John, 313. 
Cuerdale coins, 264. 
Cuper, Gisb., 207. 
Cureton, William, D.D., Sub-librarian, 

251. 259- 

Curll, Edmund, 322. 
Curtis, , 200. 
Cyprian, S., 290. 

DALRYMPLE, 258. 

Daly, Robert, Bp. of Cashel, sale, 321. 

Damascius, 108. 

Daniel, G., 42 n. 

Danish visitors to the Library, 137. 

Dante, 226 n. 

Davids, A. L., 115. 

Davies, John, Deptford, donor, 94. 

Davies, John, Hereford, 171 n. 

Davis, Richard, donor, 105. 

Davis, William, M.A., 107. 

Davy, Capt. L. H., donor, 226. 

Davy, William, A.B., 259. 

Davydge, Richard, donor, 76. 

Dawkins, Henry, gift of MSS., 188-9. 

Dawson, Thomas, 36. 

Daye, John, 233. 

Decker, Thomas, 231, 298. 

Dee, Dr. John, papers, 177 ; mentioned, 

169 ., 318. 
Defoe, Daniel, 302. 
Delahogue, L. IE., 263. 
Delaram, Francis, 171 n. 



INDEX. 



Denyer, John, 238. 

Denyer, Mrs. Eliz. D., bequest, 238-9. 

Deptford, 94. 

Derby, Geoffrey, Earl of, donor, 281. 

Derby, Prior Stephen, 179. 

De Rossi, J. B., 225. 

Desborough, Major-Gen., donor, 90. 

Devonshire, Duke of, 340. 

Devonshire MSS., 268. 

D'Ewes, Sir Symonds, 10. 

Dibdin, Dr. T. F., cited, 18, 19, 114, 
130 n., 208, 209, 215, 222, 224, 248 ; 
mentioned, 258. 

Dickens, Guy, donor, 16 1. 

Digby, Sir Kenelm, his MSS., 58, 318; 
Allen's MSS. included, 20 ; willing 
that they should be lent, 59, 79, 
240; his portraits, 196, 336. 

Dillmann, Dr. A., 65, 268. 

Dillon, Viscount, 112 n. 

Dionysius Halicarnassus, 189. 

Dionysius Syrus, 108. 

Disney, Dr. John, 227. 

D'Israeli, Is., cited, 326 n. 

Ditchley, Oxon., 112 . 

Dissertations, Academic, 240-1. 

Dix, James, 335. 

Dix, John, 36. 

Djami, 325, 332. 

Dodd, , 220 . 

Dodd, Thomas, 251. 

Dodsworth, Roger, his MSS., 96, 97 ; 
mentioned, 99. 

Dodwell, Henry, M.A., 152, 178, 320 . 

Dolben, Gilbert, and J. E., donors, 237. 

Dolben, Sir J. E., Sheldon and Dolben 

- papers, 237-8. 

Donatus, 262. 

Donkin, W. F., M.A., 277. 

Donne, John, D.D., 86. 

Dormer, Sir Michael, donor, 25. 

Dornford, Rev. Jos., donor, 326. 

Dorset, Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, after- 
wards Earl of, donor of books, 1 7 ; 
of Bodley's bust, 26. 

Dorset, C. Sackville, Earl of, 173. 

D'Orville, J. P., his MSS., 207-8. 

Dositheus, 143. 

Douce, Francis, his library, 249-251 ; 
mentioned, 257 n., -267, 336 ; refer- 
ences to books, 53, 310, 311, 321 ., 
327, 329-332; coins, 340. 

Doughty, Bp. Henry, 169. 

Douglas, James, M.D., 248. 

Douglas, John, Bp. of Salisbury, donor, 
164; mentioned, 267. 



Drake, Sir F., his chair, 94. 

Drake, Francis, donor, 96 . 

Drummond, W., of Hawthornden, 266. 

Drusius, J., cited, 13 n. 

Dryden, John, 178. 

Dublin, 176, 179. 

Dubourg, , 338. 

Du Chesne, Andr., Hist. Fr. Scriptt., 57. 

Dugdale, Sir W., donor, 104 ; MSS. 

177, 287, 288. 
Dukes, Leopold, 114. 
Dukes, T. F., 264. 
Duncan, J. S. and P. B., donors, 236. 
Dune, Thomas, 314. 
Dunstan, St., MSS., 20. 
Dunton, John, 177. 
Durandus, Gul., 229. 
Durham, Register of Bp. Kellow, 216. 
Dury, John, MS. papers, 176. 
Dutch tracts, 228, 258. 
Dyak language, first books printed in 

the, 303. 
Dysart, Earl of, 155. 

EASTCOT, Daniel, 81. 

East India, portraits of Rajahs, 158. 

East India Company, donors, 208, 223, 

260. 

Eberbach, 318. 
Ebner, J. W., 229. 
Eccard, J. G., restored some papers 

stolen from Bodleian, 103 . 
Edelmann, H., 114, 275. 
Eden, Robert, M.A., 235. 
Edgeman, William, 165 n. 
Edgeworth, Miss, 227. 
Edmonds, Sir Clement, donor, 49. 
Edmund of Pounteney, S., Archbp. of 

Canterbury, 101. 
Edward the Confessor, 328. 
Edward I, 185, 329. 
Edward III, 328. 
Edward IV, 87. 
Edward VI, mentioned, 56, 282, 331 ; 

exercise-book, 325. 
Edward, Thomas, M A., account of 

him, 149, 150. 
Edwardes, Thomas, 36. 
Ekerman, Peter, 741 n. 
Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, 

I2O. 

Elizabeth, Queen, exercise-book, 325 : 
gloves, ib. ; MSS. presented to her, 
49. 326; books bound by her, 52, 
152; books translated and written 
by her. 52, 331 ; proclamations in 



INDEX. 



353 



her reigii, 170 n. ; roundels, 339; 
mentioned, 307, 308. 
Elizabeth, Q^ of Bohemia, 336. 
Elkins, W. H., 300. 
Elliott, J. B., his gift of MSS., &c., 

290-1, 340. 

Ellis, Sir Henry, D.C L., Sub-librarian, 
204-5 ! Letters of Literary Men, 
cited, 9, 24, 54, 121 ; Polydore 
Virgil, ri ; Remarks on dxdmon, 
103. 

Elmham, Thomas, cited, 24 ., 25. 
Elphinstone, Bp., Cbron. ofScotl., 96. 
Elstob, William and Mary, 187. 
English, Thomas, 316. 
Enoch, Book of, 267. 
Erasmus, Des., 144 n., 239, 336. 
Erfurt, MSS. from, 285. 
Erpenius, Thomas, 54. * 
Essex, Robert, second Earl of, donor, 

17; mentioned, 24, 48. 
Eton College, 175. 
Etty, Simeon J., M.A., 239, 259. 
Euclid, the D'Orville MS., 207. 
Eulenberg, Baron ab, 68. 
Eusebius, 238 n. 
Eustace, G., 311. 
Euthymius Zigabenus, 108. 
Eutychius, or Eutex, 20. 
Evans, Rev. F., 284. 
Evans, Messrs., 276 n. 
Evelyn, John, donor, 88 ; letters, 287. 
Ewart, William, M.P., 273. 
Exeter, MSS. given by Dean and Chapter, 

23 ; Statutes of the Cathedral, 179. 
Exeter, Cecil, Earl of, donor, 44. 
Eyre, Dr., 190. 
Eyston, Charles, 213 n. 

FABER, John, 258. 

Fadir, Peter, 317. 

Faermen, 104. 

Fairfax, Sir Thomas, his bequest of 
MSS., 95-7 ; versions of Psalms, 
&c., 97, 289; reference to MSS., 
1 8 ., 314; preserved the Library 
when Oxford surrendered, 72. 

Falkland, Lucius, Lord, 70, 71. 

Fanshaw, John, M.A., 107. 

Farmer, Anthony, 109. 

Fawkes, Guy, lantern, 67. 

Fees of Visitors, 133, 114, 266. 

Fell, John, Bp. of Oxford, his MSS., 
108-9, 120; mentioned, 12^, 150. 

Fell, Samuel, Dean of Ch. Ch., 72. 

Fenton, John, 338. 



Fenton, Samuel, M A., 222, 229." 

Fenton, Thomas, M.A., 107. 

Ferrand, William, ,;6. 

Ferrar, Richard, 53 n. 

Feslivale, 112. 

Fetherstone, Henry, donor, 31, 54 n. 

Field, Richard, 36. 

Finnish MSS., 22. 

Firth, Richard, M.A., 259, 263. 

Fisher, John, Bp. of Rochester, 239. 

Fitz-James, R., Bp. of Chichester, 316. 

Fitz-William, John, D.D., 177. 

Flecher, , Librarian, u. 

Fleetwood, William, Bp. of Ely, 141, 
170 n., 329. 

Fletcher, John, M.A., Sub-librarian, 
141 ; resigns, 146. 

Fletcher, Aid. William, donor, 29, 30, 
211 ; buried at Yarnton, 30 n. ; bust, 
ib. 

Florence, MSS. sent thence with mer- 
chandise, 226 n. 

Foley, Lord, 147. 

Foliot, Gilbert, Bp. of London, 1 88. 
Folkes, Martin, 174. 
Foreigners in the Library, 68, 137. 
Forster, Henry, M.A., 241,. 252. 
Roster, , 282. 
Foster, N., 341. 

Fotherby, Charles and Martin, 36. 
Foucault, Nicholas Jos., 161, 179, 184. 
Foulkes, E. S., B.D., 277. 
Foulkes, Mrs. Edmund, donor, 319. 
Foulkes, Thomas, M.A., 107. 
Fountaine, Sir Andrew, 134. 
Fouquet, , 236. 

Fowler, Edward, Bp. of Gloucester, 131. 
Foxe, John, 19, 318. 
France, drawings of monuments, 213- 
214; atlas of, 205; French tracts, 
270; French MSS., 63, 177, 215. 
Francis, C., M.A., dcnor, 113. 
Frankland, Thomas, letter, 108. 
Franklin, Sir John, 319. 
Frappaz, Jules, 214. 
Frazer, , MSS., 294 n. 
Frederick, King of Bohemia, 2;8. 
Frederick, Elector Palatine, 3. .6. 
Frederick, Prince of Wales, epitaph, 1 60. 
Freke, Ralph and William, donors, 88. 
Frfcre, E., Livres de Liturgie, &c , 213 n. 
Frewin, Richard, M.A., 107. 
Frewin, Richard, M.D., 2<;4 n. 
Frith, John, fseudon. Brightwell, 2.59. 
Froben, Job.., 337. 
Fry, Francis, 321. 



A a 



354 



/ A T D E X. 



Fulke, Will., editions of his Annotations 
in the Library, 41. 

Fuller, Richard, 314. 

Fuller, Thomas, Cb. Hist, cited, 85. 

Furney, Archdeacon Richard, his be- 
quest, 184. 

Fiirst, Jul., Bill. Jud. cited, 243 n. 

Fust and Schoiffer, books printed by, 
161, 201, 229. 

Fyloll, Jasper, 19. 

Fysher, Robert, M.B., elected Libra- 
rian, 151 ; publishes a catalogue of 
the printed books, 156, 158; his 
death, 160; charged with neglect, 
161 ; coins, ib. 

GAGUINUS, Rob., 26. 

Galanus, C., 316 n. 

Gagnieres, , 213. 

Gaisford, Thomas, D.D., Dean of Ch. 

Ch., 208, 215, 223. 
Gale, Samuel, 184. 
Gandy, Bp. Henry, M.A., 169, 177. 
Gardiner, Richard, 48. 
Gardner, Dunn, sale, 322. 
Garlick, F. O., B.A., 212 n. 
Garrett, W. W., B.A., 273. 
Garter, Order of the, 1 79. 
Gascoigne, Thomas, D.D., 20 n., 316. 
Gassendi, P., 336. 
Gent, William, donor, 17, 177 n. 
Gentilis, Alb. and Scipio 207. 
George, Prince of Denmark, 185 n. 
George I, 131, 175. 
George III, visits the Library, 197 ; 

donor, 198. 

George IV, donor, 216, 223. 
Gentleman's Magazine, cited, 155 ., 

199 ., 205 n., 214 n., 217, 222 n., 

231, 293, 302, 338; bought, 218 . 
German MSS., 63. 
Gerhard, J. A., 241 n. 
Gesenius, Guil., Phaen. Monumenta cited, 

163 ; autograph, 319 ; sale, 270. 
Gianfilippi, P. de', 230 n. 
Gibbon, Anthony, 175. 
Gibbon, Edward, 320 n. 
Gibbs, James, 294 n. 
Gibson, Edmund, Bp. of London, 187 n. 
Gidding, Little, 53. 

Gigli, Gir., Vocab. Caterin. cited, 226 ;/. 
Gildas, 20. 

Giles, J. A., D.C.L., 188, 260 n. 
Girardenguz, Nic., 310. 
Girardot, Paul, 321 n. 
Girdlers" Company, donors, 49. 



Giulio Romano, 251. 

Glastonbury, Chartulary, no; survey 
of lands, 162. 

Gloucester Cathedral, 185. 

Gloucester, Thomas of Woodstock, Duke 
of, 19 . v. Humphrey. 

Gloucestershire, 187. 

Glover, Robert, 174. 

Glynn, H., 271. 

Gocthan, Thomas, Archbp. of, his la- 
bours, 126; visits the Library, 127; 
donor, 127-8. 

Godar, Guil., 312. 

Godschall, W. M., 164. 

Godwyn, Charles, M.A., his bequest, 
193; coins, 340. 

Goetz, G. H., 241 n. 

Goldberg, Dr. B., 311. 

Goldenthal,-Dr. J., 243. 

Golius, Jac., 133. 

Gompertz, Dr. T., 216. 

Gonzaga, Leonora, 249. 

Good, John, M.A., 90. 

Goodwin, T., 81. 

Goodyear, Aaron, donor, 105. 

Gordon, Sir J. W., 304. 

Gouda, 228. 

Gough, Richard, his library, 211-215; 
Brit. Topogr. cited, 87, 153, 175 ., 
212 ., 253 .; mentioned, 257 n.; 
references to books, 57, 1 20 n., 1 71 n., 

3"- 

Gower, Rev. F., 265. 

Gower, John, 19 n., 96, 237, 336. 

Grabe, J. E., D.D., his MSS., 149; 
autograph, 320 n. 

Graevius, J. G., 179. 

Grafton, Richard, 300. 

Grant, Sir F. A., 281. 

Granville, Denis, D.D., Dean of Dur- 
ham, 177. 

Grascome, Bp. Samuel, 177- 

Graves, Richard, 184. 

Gray, Charles, M.P., donor, 162. 

Gray, Thomas. 276. 

Greaves, T., D.D., his MSS., 103, 325. 

Greek MSS., 50, 53, 55, 63, 64, 78, 94, 
108, 151, 153, 207, 215, 223, 224, 
229, 230, 238, 246, 282. 

Green, Charles, 194. 

Greene, Maurice, Mus. D., 205, 206. 

Greene, Robert, 231. 

Greenhill, W. A., M.D., 277, 278. 

Greensted, Essex, 335. 

Gregoriis, Jac. de, donor, 92. 

Gregory, St., MSS. of his Pastorale, 



INDEX. 



355 



23, loo; Dialogues, IOO; Sacram., 

262. 

Gregory Na/ianzen, 115. 
Gregory, David, M.A., 107. 
Gregory, David, M.D., 119. 
Gregory, Henry, M.A., 107. 
Grene, John, D.D., 112, 313. 
Grenville, Lord, 223. 
Gresham Statutes, 180. 
Greville, Col. Charles, 253. 
Grey, Sir C., donor, 240. 
Griffiths, John, M.A., 34 ., 211 . 
Griffiths, Ralph, LL.D., 260. 
Grimani, Doge of Venice, 58. 
Grise, Jehan de, 18. 
Gronovius, J. F., 320 n. 
Grosteste, Roger, Bp. of Lincoln, 20 n., 

58, 101. 

Grove, Edmund, 251, 266. 
Gucht, , Van der, 168. 
Guildford, Earl of, 286. 
Guilevile, G., 328. 
Guillim, John, 174, 187. 
Gutch, John, B.D., editor of Anth. Wood, 

q.v. ; mentioned, 219 n. 
Gutenberg, J., 202, 321. 
Guthrie, , 164. 
Gyles, Fletcher, 172. 

HACKMAN, Alfred, M.A., mentioned, 
154, 268, 277; Sub-librarian, 298. 

Haddan, A. W., B.D., 20 n. 

Haden, Messrs., 235. 

Hagembach, Petr., 311. 

Haghe, Inghilb., 311. 

Hake, Robert, M.A., i 70 . 

Hakewill, William, 37. 

Hale, Sir Matthew, 77, 86 n. 

Hale, Archdeacon W. H., 29 n. 

Halifax, Montagu, Ead of, 184. 

Hall, , 158. 

Hall, Rev. , donor, 223. 

Hall, Anthony, D.D., 28, 56, 145, 

Hall, Fitz-Edward, donor, 291. 

Hall, Henry, 73. 

Hall, Bp. Joseph, 49. 

Hall, Susannah and William, 30 r. 

Hall, W., no. 

Hallam, Henry, 319. 

Halliwell, J. O., IO1, 232, 298, 301. 

Halloix, P., Eccl. Or. Scriptt., 57. 

Ham House, 155. 

Hamilton, , 290. 

Hamilton, William and Hubert, sons of 
Sir William II., donors, 285. 

Humpdrn. John, Letters, 1 54: jewel. 203. 



Hamper, W., donor, 240. 

Handel, G. F., 205. 

Harborne. John, 328. 

Harcourt, Earl and Archbp., 212 n. 

Harding, John, Chronicle, 87. 

Hardouyn, Germ., 312. 

Hardy, Thomas Duffus, 64 ., 166. 

Hare, Aug. and J. C., donors, 247. 

Hare, Robert, 82. 

Harewood, Yorkshire, 104. 

Harper, H. S., 263. 

Harris, J., 239 n., 277, 322. 

Hart, Andr., 266. 

Haryson, John, 36. 

Haslam, Christopher, M.A., 107. 

Haslewood, J., 160. 

Hastings, Warren, 208. 

Hatton, Capt. Charles, donor, 99. 

Hatton, Christopher, first Lord, 99. 

Hatton, Christopher, second Lord, his 
MSS., 20 n., 99-100. 

Hatton, Jane, grand-niece to Bodley, 
petition to the University, 39. 

Havergal, H. E., M.A., 189, 206. 

Hawkins, Ernest, B. D., Sub-librarian, 
246, 252. 

Hawkins, John, 147. 

Hayes, Drs. Phil, and Will., 205, 206. 

Head, Sir Edmund, Few Words on Bodl. 
Libr., 247, 277. 

Heath, James, 258. 

Hearne, Thomas, M.A., appointed Jani- 
tor, 123 ; makes an appendix to the 
Cat., ib.; catalogues Ray's coins, 125; 
appointed Sub-librarian, 132; his re- 
spect for Duke Humphrey, 6 ; paper 
against borrowing books, 80 . ; com- 
plaints against him, 132, 13^), 139; 
account of his exhibiting a portrait of 
the Chevalier, 134-6; quits the Li- 
brary upon refusing the oaths, 140; 
commended by Uftenbach, 145 ; his 
death, 152; diary, 180; cited, 4 ., 
I4., 15*., 22, 28, 33, 43, 45 H., 4*"., 
52 ;/., 55 n., 70, 91 n., 98, 99, 106, 
109, 116, 122, 125, 126, 127, 128, 
130, 132, 137, 138 bis, 139, 140, 
142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 149, 151, 
r 5^> : 57> I 7 I > 333; mentioned, 9, 
56, 64, 112, 1 20, 126; references to 
his MSS., 156, 178, 329; Reasons for 
taking the Oath of Allegiance, 152; 
Dodwell de Parma Wootlw.. i ;,.(., 136; 
proposed apology for the preface, 137 ; 
Camdens Eliz., 133, 137 ., 213 . ; 
Letter on Antiquities, dr.. |S<) : .' 



A a 2 



356 



INDEX. 



Hist. Angl., 120, 138, 141; Guli 

Neubrig. Hist. Angl., 126; Lang- 
toft's Cbron., 162. 

Heber, Richard, sale, 141 ., 248, 253. 
Hebrew printed books and MSS, 54 n., 

63, 78, 108, 113, -225, 243, 270, 

272, 275, 280, 300. 
Heddon, Thomas, 315, 318. 
Heinecken, C. H. de, 321 n. 
Heinsius, Daniel, 207. 
Hendons, or Hindhay, Berks, 32. , 
Henrietta Maria, Queen Consort of 

Charles I, 331. 
Henry II, penance at Canterbury, 29 ; 

homage of King of Scotland, 30 ; 

grant to Gloucester, 185. 
Henry IV, granted a payment to the 

Librarian, 5. 
Henry VI, 29. 
Henry VIII, mentioned, n, 271, 316; 

books which belonged to him, 27; 

accounts of surveyor of works, 177? 

chair, said to be his, 95. 
Henry, Prince of Wales, 27, 42. 
Heralds' College, 102. 
Herbert, George, cited, 43. 
Herbert, Sir Thomas, donor, 93. 
Herbert, William, 112. 
Herbert of Cherbury, Lord, 187. 
Herculaneum, Rolls from, 216. 
Hereford Cathedral, chartulary, 1 2O ; 

statutes, 179; Missale 1502, 213 n. 
Hermann, Godfrey, 282. 
Hermas, 13 n. 
Heuringius, Simon, 183 n. 
Heydon, Sir Christopher, donor, 25. 
Heylin, Peter, D.I)., Examen Hist, cited, 

85 ! Cyp r - Angl. cited, 290 n. 
Heywood, Robert, M.A , donor of Guy 

Fawkes* lantern, 67 ; his father 

searched the Parliament cellars, ib. 
Heywood, Thomas, 231. 
Hibbert, George, sale, 246 //. 
Hickes, Bp. George, cited, 20 bis, 102, 
149; mentioned, 100, 187 .; donor, 
104; papers, 177; portrait, 336. 
Hickman, Charles, M.A., 106. 
Hickman, Henry, 36. 
Hickman, Henry, Jnstif. of Fathers cited, 

85. 

High Commission Court, confirms the 
ordinance of the Stationers' Company, 
36. 

Hill, Rev., 165. 

Hill, Herbert, M.A., Sub-librarian, 259, 
261. 



Hill, Sir John, M.D., Vegetable System, 
198 n. 

Hill, Rev. Joseph, 173 n. 

Hill, Richard, 81. 

Hindhay farm, see Hendons. 

Hoadley, . Bp. Benjamin, portrait exhi- 
bited by Hearne, 135. 

Hobart Town, first printed book, 233. 

Hobbes, Thomas, 77 n. 

Hoccleve, Thomas, 178. 

Hodgson, B. H., donor, 265. 

Hodsall, , 340 n. 

Hody, Humphrey, D.D., bequest, 126. 

Hogarth, William, donor, 168. 

Holbein, Hans, 333, 337. 

Holland, T., 341 n. 

Hollis, John Brande, 227. 

Holman, W., MSS. for Essex, &c., 1 74, 

175- 

Holmes, John, 39. 

Holmes, Rob., D.D., Collations of Sept., 
207. 

Home, Sir J. E., donor, 276. 

Homer, Edit. Princ., 192 ; Scholia on 
Odyssey, 246. 

Honolulu, Queen Emma of, 320. 

Hooke, Col. John, letters, 222. 

Hooper, George, Bp. of Bath and Wells, 
173 if. 

Hooper, Humphrey, 36. 

Hooper, John, Bp. of Gloucester, 739. 

Hope, F. W., D.C.L., donor, 297. 

Hope, J. T., 297. 

Hopkins, , 67. 

Horace, 1 86, 248, 298. 

Hor<e, 42, 178, 213, 250, 289, 311. 

Home, Rev. T. H., 64. 

Hornsby, Thomas, D.D., 194. 

Horsey, Sir Jerome, donor, 25. 

Hosea, peculiar reading in, 20. 

Howe, Josias, B.D., Sermon, 171 n. 

Howe, Michael, 233. 

Howell, Lawrence, M.A., 177. 

Howland, Ralph, donor, 129. 

Huber, , cited, 83 n. 

Huddesford, William, M.A., i8r, 288, 
? 8 9 . 

Hudson, John, D.D., elected Librarian, 
123; donor, 16.; said to have thrown 
out Milton's books from the Library, 
46 ; letter cited, I 2 1 ; mentioned, 69, 
124, 127, 132, 133, 140, 157; twice 
married, 22 ; his widow married to 
Dr. Hall, 28 ; account of the Library, 
38 ; subscribes for relief of Bodley's 
relations, 39 ; threatens to remove 



INDEX. 



357 



Hearne, 139 ; his death, 144; neglect 

and incapacity, 140, 144, 145. 
Hughes, J., M.A., Boscobel Tracts, cited, 

324 . 
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, gifts to 

the Library, 6-IO; motto, 6 n. ; aided 

in building the Divinity School, 6 ; 

destruction of his library, n, 12. 
Hungarian books, 275. 
Hunsdon, Henry, first lord, donor, 17. 
Hunt, Leigh, 227. 
Hunt, Thomas, printer and bookseller 

in Oxford in 1483, 1 1 2. 
Hunt, Thomas, D.D., mentioned, 109, 

294 n. MSS., 193. 
Hunter, Joseph, Cat. of Dodsworth 

MSS., 96. 

Huntingdon, Earl of, 166. 
Huntingdon, Robert, Bp. of Raphoe, 

mentioned, 108, 133; his MSS., 113, 

"5- 

Hussey, Edw. L., 255 n. ; 257 n. 

Hussey, Robert, B.D., 257 n. 

Hutton, , 143. 

Hyatt, J. C., B.A., 273. 

Hyde, Thomas, D.D., Sub-librarian, 90 ; 
elected Head-librarian, 93 ; dedication 
of catalogue, 97 ; note on the agree- 
ment with the Stationers' Co., 3: ; 
goes to London to claim books from 
the Co., no; letters cited, 69, 120; 
MSS. bought from him, 113; men- 
tioned, 100 n., log, 130 n, 294 . ; 
charged with ignorance by Wanley, 
118 ; wishes to have Wanley for his 
successor, ib. ; resigns the Librarian- 
ship, 121 ; his death, 123. 

IBOTT, Benj., 232. 

Icelandic MSS., 242. 

Ince, Peter, donor, 50. 

Index Libb. Probib., Madr. 1612-14, 

90. 

Inglis, Esther, MSS. by her, 48, 49. 
Inglis, , sale, 321. 
Inglis, Sir R. IL, donor, 183; portrait, 

337- 
Ingram, James, D.D., bequest of coins, 

340- 

Innocent VIII., Pope, 148. 
Irish MSS., 63, 64, 175; pamphlets, 

232, 247. 
Isaiah, 82 n, 113. 
Isham, Zach., M.A., 106. 
Italian printed books and MSS., 63, 177, 

225, 260, 271. 



Ivan Basilides, Czar of Russia, 25. 
Ivie, Edw., M.A., 107. 

JACKSON, Cyril, D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch , 

198. 

Jackson, Rev. J. E., 288. 
Jacobs, C. F. G., 273. 
James I, grants letters patent for the 
Library, 25 ; visits it, 26, 41 ; grants 
books from the royal libraries, 26; 
a book formerly in his possession, 
44 ; presents his own Works, 47. 
James II, visits the Library while Duke 
of York, 92 ; Duchess of Bucking- 
ham his daughter, 148 ; mentioned, 
166, 173, 222, 237, 252, 255, 323, 
34- 

James Edward, 'the Chevalier,' son of 
James II, portrait exhibited by Hearne, 
'35; portraits of him and his wife, 
169 n. 

James, Andrew, donor, 50. 

James, Edward, B.D., donor, 40. 

James, Richard, his MSS., 103, 104. 

James, Thomas, donor, 21 ; Appoint- 
ment as Librarian, salary, &c., ib, ; 
publishes the catalogue in 1605, 27 ; 
a continuation of the classified index 
in MS., 28 ; another Catalogue in 
MS. in 1613, 39 ; proposes the 
agreement with the Stationers' Com- 
pany, 31 ; publishes the second edi- 
tion of the Catalogue, 46 ; resigns 
his office, 44 ; death, ib. ; cited, 
13 ., 16, 60 ; mentioned, 103 ; 
Catal. Interpp., 60, 243 n. ; portrait, 
336. 

Janitors, 88, 123, 189, 192. 

Jansen, Cornelius, 336. 

Janson, Nicolas, 250, 310. 

Janua, J. de, 209. 

Javanese MSS., 50, 226, 324. 

Jehannot, E., 312. 

Jekyll, Sir Joseph, 172, 177, 184. 

Jekyll, Thoma?, 174. 

Jernegan, Nicholas, 165, 1 66. 

Jerome, St , n j, 253. 

Jersey, Lord, 277. 

Jerusalem, 105, 265. 

Jessett, , B.A., 158. 

Jews offer to buy St. Paul's Cathedral 
and the Bodleian Library, 75. 

John, a Greek scribe, 215. 

John of Aix, 113. 

Johnson, , 77 

Johnson, Dr. Samuel, donor, 188 ; 



358 



INDEX. 



mentioned, 87, 232 ; Lives of Poets 
referred to, 106. 
Jones, , 34.1. 
Jones, H. ( M.A. [dec. 1700], his MSS., 

109, 1 20 ; reference to a MS., 96 n. 
Jones, H., M.A. 1729, 107. 
Jones, John, 210. 
Jones, Sir William, 247. 
Jonson, Ben, 86, 178, 231. 
Jonstonus, Joh., M.D., 320 n. 
Jordan, John, 44. 
Jordan, William, donor, 104. 
Josephus, 94, 158. 
Jourdain, John, donor, 50. 
Jowett, Benjamin, M.A., 277- 
Joye, George, 239. 
Judge, L. E., M.A., 239. 
Jugge, Richard, 171 
Junius, Francis, mentioned, 19 ; his MSS. 

1 02, 327 ; Glossarium Septentr., 108 ; 

three Hatton MSS. amongst his own, 

100; cited, 104; portrait, 336. 
Justell, Christopher, 100. 
Justell, Henry, donor, 100. 
Justinian, 173 ., 310. 
Juvenal, 252, 262, 298. 
Juxon, Bishop William, donor, 88 ; 

donor of book to Barlow, in. 

KEATE, , 340. 

Keating, Geoffrey, Hist, of Ireland, 96. 

Keble, , bookseller, donor, 125. 

Kedden, Rev. Ralph, 39. 

Keigwyn, John, 44. 

Keil, Prof. John, M.D., 134, 135, 136. 

Kellow, Richard, Bp. of Durham, 216. 

Kelly, Edward; his Holy Table, 162 n. 

Kemble, J. M., Codex Dipl., 185. 

Kempe, Thomas, Bishop of London, 10. 

Kempis, Thomas k, J 26. 

Ken, John (erroneously printed Kerr), 
donor, 93. 

Ken, Thomas, Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, 173 71. ; letters, 175 n. 

Kennett, White, Bishop of Peterborough, 
187 ., 212 n. 

Kennicott, Benjamin, D.D., Hebr. Colla- 
tions, &c., 191, 294 n.; Arabic tracts, 
231 ; autograph, 320 n. 

Kennon, Mrs., 182 n. 

Kerver, Thielman, 312. 

Kewsch, John, 65. 

Kilby, , 67. 

King, , bookseller, 201. 

King, Charles, M.A., donor, 56 n. 

King, John, Bishop of London, 36. 



King, John, D.D., donor, 159. 
King, J., bookseller, Moorfields, 182 . 
King, P., Lord, Life of Locke, cited 124. 
Kingsborough, Viscount, Mexican Antiq. 

246. 

Kingsley, William, 289. 
Kingston, Felix, a London printer, 32. 
Kirkebote, Adam, Librarian, n. 
Kloss, Dr., sale, 253, 262. 
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, donor, 147. 
Knight, Archdeacon, 153. 
Knight, Thomas, donor, 203. 
Knox, John, 242, 248. 
Koran, 76, 208, 326. 
Kyngusbury, Thomas de, 316. 
Kyrkeby, John, 7 n. 

LACTANTIUS, 226. 

Lacy, Edmund, Bishop of Exeter, 315. 

La Fontaine, J. de, 298. 

Laing, David, LL.D., mentioned, 49 .; 
donor, 183 n. 

Lake, Gilbert, M.A., 107. 

Lamb, James, D.D., his MSS., 93. 

Landino, Christopher, 250, 310. 

Landspring, English monastery at, 245. 

Lane, Col. John, and Mrs. Letitia, 324. 

Langbaine, Gerard, D.D., his Adversaria, 
89 ; mentioned, 59, 67, 78 ; letter 
cited, 78. 

Langles, L. M., 239. 

Langley, abbey register, 154 n. 

Langley, Henry de, 316. 

Langford, Emmanuel, M.A., 15^. 

Lansyng, Richard de, 316. 

Lascelles, R., Oxford, cited, 95, 234 . 

Lasher, Josh., M.D., 179. 

Lathbury, T., M.A., 282. 

Lattebury, John, Expositio in Thren. 
Jerem., 1 12. 

Laud, Archbp., his gifts, 61-65 ; placed 
at the west end, 62; coins, 339; letters, 
62, 322 ; references to his MSS., 43, 
246, 268, 295, 325 327; mentioned, 
31, 59, 82 ., 240, 290 n. ; writes 
verses on Bodley's death, 37 ; portrait, 
336 ; book given to St. John's College, 

53 

Laurence, Roger, M.A., 168 . 
Laurence, R. F., M.A., 235. 
Laurence, Richard, Archbp. of Cashel, 

220, 221, 267. 
Laurentius Gallus, 329. 
Layfields, John, 36. 
Leake, William, 36. 
Lecchelade, John de, 318. 



INDEX. 



359 



Lee, Sir James, donor, 328. 

Lee, Matthew, M.A., 107. 

Lee, Sir Richard, donor of books, 22 ; of 
a Muscovite cloak, 40, 307. 

Lee, William, 302. 

Leeu, Gerard, 155. 

Legat, Hugh, 313. 

Le Hunt, William, M.A., 107. 

Leicester, Robert Dudley, first Earl of, 
donor, while Lord Lisle, 17; his watch, 
1 29 ; book that belonged to him, 320. 

Leicester, Cope, Earl of, 277. 3 21 - 

Leicestershire, no. 

Leighton, Archbishop, 179. 

Leland, John, his MSS., 56, 318. 

Le Long, le Pere, 1 84 n. 

Lendon, Abel, M.A., 202. 

Le Neve, Peter, 1 74, 1 84. 

Lennox, Mary, Countess of, 44. 

Lennox, W. J., 210. 

Lenthall, , Janitor, 189. 

Leofric, Bp. of Exeter, MSS. given to 
Exeter, 23. 

Lerida, Brev. Illerdense, 303. 

Le Sceur, Hubert, 6l, 148. 

Letheringham, Suffolk, 214. 

Lewis, F., 211 n. 

Lewis, Sir G. C., 274. 

Lewis, John, M.A., MSS., 176, 248, 252. 

Lewton, Edward, M.A., 201. 

Ley, Edwin, donor, 44. 

Leyden, 129, 133, 178, 199. 207, 228. 

Lhuyd, Edw., cited, 20, 125; MSS., 289. 

Libri, Girol. da, 249. 

Libri, Gugl., 273, 290. 

Lichfield Cathedral, 1 79. 

Lichfield, Leonard, 65. 

Lilly, William, 169 n. 

Lilly, W., bookseller, 260 . 

Linacer, Thomas, 316 n. 

Lindsell, Augustine, Bp. of Peteib., 51, 
290 ., 318. 

Lister, Martin, M.D., his library, 288. 

Livermore, George, 311. 

Liverpool, Earl of, 221. 

Livy, 112, 226. 

Llandaff, 190. 

Lloyd, William, Bp. of Wore., 116. 

Locke, John, donor, 124. 

Lockey, Thomas, B.D., elected Libra- 
rian, 90 ; resigns, 93 ; death, ib. 

Lockhart, James, Papers, cited, 222 n. 

Lodge, Thomas, 231. 

Loftus, Dudley, 108. 

Logan, D., 334. 

London, Charter, 1 80; houses in Distaff 



Lane, 32; burned in the Fire, 38; 
their rent in arrear, 58 ; fire at the 
Temple, 86 ; map of Lond. and 
Westm., 255 ; cat. of MSS. at Lin- 
coln's Inn, 96 ; St. Peter's, Cornhill, 
177 ; Christ's Hospital, 186. 

London Gazette, 302. 

Longhi, G., 299. 

Lorenzi, , 226. 

Louis XIV of France, 214. 

Louis XVI of France, 267. 

Loutherbourg, P. J. de, 244. 

Louveau, J., 52. 

Low Countries, 186. 

Lownes, Humphrey, 36. 

Lucan, 223, 262. 

Luard, H. R., M.A., 328. 

Lucas, , bookseller, 290 . 

Luff, Richard, monk of Coventry, 314. 

Lumley, John, sixth Lord, donor, 1 7. 

Luther, Martin, 245, 246, 283, 285, 
302. 

Lutheran Tracts, German, 228, 283. 

Lydgate, John, 177, 178, 318. 

Lydiat, Thomas, M.A., 119. 

Lye, Edward, M.A., 336. 

Lyndewoode, William, Provinciale, 112. 

Lysiaux, Thos., Dean of St. Paul's, 315. 

Lyte, Rev. H. F., 273. 

MACBRIDE, J. D., D.C.L., donor, 228 ; 

mentioned, 278, 320 n. 
Macdonald, Flora, 1 60 n. 
Macfarlane, E. M., M.A., 203 n. 
M'Ghee, Rev. R. J., donor, 262. 
Machlinia, William de, 210. 
Mackenzie, Sir George, 320 . 
Mackie, , 340. 
Macky, John, Journey through Eng., 

cited, 86 n. 

Macpherson, D., 165, 166. 
Macray, W. D., 85 n., 176, 206, 233 ., 

250 n., 270, 287. 
Mac-Regol, Abbot of Birr, 104. 
Madden, Sir Fred., 177 ., 281, 330. 
Madox, Thomas, 320 n. 
Maffei, Scipio, Verona illust., cited, 230. 
Magnusen, Finn, his MSS., 242. 
Magna Chart a, 185. 
Maittaire, Michael, 177, 178, 179, 184. 
Major, G., 246 n. 
Malabar, Bp. of, 319. 
Malabaric MS., 324. 
Malmesbury, Chartulary, no, 142. 
Malone, Edmund, his library, 231-2. 
Malyng, H., 318. 



3 6 



INDEX. 



Man, Thomas, 32, 36. 

Manaton, Pierce, M.D., 107. 

Manaton, Robert, M.A., 107. 

Manchester Cathedral, 179. 

Manuzzi, Giuseppe, 225. 

Maraldi, , 205. 

Marchant, N., 336. 

Margaret of Anjou, 29. 

Margaret, Queen of Scotland, 44. 

Marlborough, John, first Duke of, 135. 

Marriott, Charles, B.D., 278. 

Marsh, Archbp. Narcissus, his bequest 

of MSS., 132-3. 
Marschalle, William, 317. 
Marshall, F. J., M.A.] 259. 
Marshall or Mareschal, Thomas, D.D., 

his printed books and MSS., 107 ; 

recovers a lost MS., 92 ; said to have 

borrowed MSS., 100 ; mentioned, 150. 
Martivall, R. de, Bp. of Sarum, 176, 

3I7- 

Marvell, Andrew, 320 n. 
Mary I, her MS. Horce and inscription, 

42 ; another inscription, 43. 
Mary II, 175 ., 255. 
Mary, Queen of Scotland, 171 ., 266 n. 
Maskelyne, N. S., M.A., 278. 
Mason, Robert, D.D., bequest, 264. 
Massa, Michael de, 329. 
Massey, Dr. Richard M., donor, 129. 
Massinger, Philip, 231. 
Master, Dr. Robert, donor, 9. 
Mather, Cotton, 304. 
Matthew of Westminster, 289. 
Matthews, Rev. A. H., donor, 210; 

Sub-librarian (?), 342. 
Maunder, , D.D., 157. 
Maximilian, Emp. of Germany, 331. 
Maximus, Valerius, 8. 
Maynard, Joseph, B.D., donor, 90. 
Mead, Dr. Richard, 142, 184, 340. 
Medici, House of, 182. 
Medici, Mary de, 249, 351. 
Medyltone, Ralph de, 329. 
Meerman, Ger. and John, 238. 
Meetkirk, Prof. Edward, 81. 
Melanchthon, Philip, 245, 246, 253. 
Mendean MSS., 114, 300. 
Mendham, Rev. Joseph, his bequest, 

286 ; Lit. Policy, cited, 91 n. 
Mentelin, , 210. 
Mentz, 318. 

Mericke, John, donor, 25. 
Mexican Antiquities, 246, 325. 
Michael, J., Hebrew books, 272. 
Michaelis, J. D., 320 n. 



Middlesex MSS., 175. 

Middleton, Viscountess, 164. 

Milan, Ambrosian Library, 47 n. 

Mill, John, D.D., donor, 125; men- 
tioned, 99. 

Mill, W. H., D.D., his MSS., 272. 

Milles, Jeremiah, D.D., his MSS., 268. 

Milton, John, books given by him, 45 ; 
these, at one time, said to have been 
thrown out, 46, 160. 

Missals, 23, 65, 179, 213, 225, 283. 

Mocket, or Moket, Richard, 36. 

Models, 49, 105, 236, 334, 337, 338. 

Mollineux, , 134. 

Monasteries, dissolved, 271 . 

Moniteur, 205. 

Monkhouse, Thomas, M.A., 164. 

Monmouth, Duke of, letters and dying 
acknowledgment, 173, 323; men- 
tioned, 222, ., 282. 

Monson, Sir W., cited, 24. 

Montacute, Lord, donor, 17. 

Montagu, Capt. M., bequest, 298. 

Montagu, Richard, Bp. of Norwich, 

47- 

Montague, Edward Wortley, 206. 

Montague, George, 36. 

Monteith, Robert, Hist, of the Troubles, 
cited, 75. 

Montfaucon, Bernard, 224. 

Monthly Review, 260. 

Moore, , 340. 

Morant, Philip, M.A., 174. 

Morbeck, W. de, 59. 

More, Hannah, 227. 

More, Sir Thomas, 144 ., 187. 

Moreri, L., 94. 

Mores, E. Rowe, 156, 212 ., 320 n. 

Morgan, Edward, M.A., 342. 

Morley, Thomas, 206. 

Morris, John, D.D., founder of the an- 
nual Bodley oration, 10.^. 

Mortara, Count Aless., his library, 225, 
279. 

Morwent, Robert, 12. 

Moses Chorenensis, Hist. Armen., 128. 

Moses Maimonides, 114, 225. 

Motthe, Georges de la, 326. 

Mountjoy, Blount, Lord, donor, 22. 

Mozarabic Breviary, 280. 

Muller, A., donor, 228. 

Miiller, Max., M.A., Sub-librarian, 303; 
resigned, 304. 

Mummy, an Egyptian, 105. 

Munich, duplicates from, 276. 

Muris, Joh. de, 76. 



INDEX. 



361 



Murr, de, Memorab. Bibl. Norimb. 

cited, 230. 

Murray, Dr. Alex., 267. 
Murray, John, 184. 
Musca, - , 9 n. 
Music, printed books bought, 22 ; from 

Stat. Hall, 189 ; MSS., 205. 
Musonius, 43 

NAHUMUS, Jod., Cone. in Evang.,8o n. 

Nairne, David, his papers, 166. 

Nalson, John, LL.D., papers, 153-4. 

Napier, Sir Richard, letter cited, 73. 

Napier, Rev. Richard, 74. 

Napoleon I, portrait, 299 ; medals, 340. 

Nash, Thomas, 301. 

Nassyngton, William of, 177. 

Naunton, Sir R., 47. 

Neal, D., cited, 68. 

Needlework, Life of our Blessed Lord, 

51 n. ; bindings, 51-53 ; samplers, 53. 
Neile, Rich., Bp. of Cov. and Lichfield, 

36- 

Nelson, Robert, 127 n. 
Nemnivus, 20 n. 
Neubauer, Dr. A., 272. 
Nevile, Sir H., 48. 
Nevile, Thomas, donor, 48. 
New, E. P., B.D., 236. 
Newcastle, William Cavendish, Marq. of, 

216. 

Newcastle, John Holies, Duke of, 180. 
Newey, Thomas, M.A., 106. 
Newington, Kent, parish register, 234. 
Newman, F., 83 n. 
Newman, G., 36. 
Newman, Henrv, papers, 176. 
New South Wales, first printed book, 

233- 

Newspapers, 1672-1737, 302. 
Newton, Richard, M.A., 106. 
Newton, Thomas, 87. 
New-Zealand Newspaper, 233 n. 
Nichols, John, Progr. of James I cited, 

48; Lit. Anecd. cited, 78 n., 166 n., 

200-1, 211 .; Lit. Hist, cited, 188, 

211, 214 n , 217, 231, 257, 342; 

Letters ofNicolson, 1 8 7 n. ; mentioned, 

214, 302. 

Nichols, John Gough, 325 . 
Nicoll, Alex., D.D., Sub-librarian, 220; 

mentioned, 65, 95, 199, 215, 233. 
Nicolson.Wm., Archbp. ofCashel, 187 n. 
Noel, Rev. John, 184. 
Norris, Edwin, 44. 
Norris, John, Janitor, 134 ., 189. 



Norfolk Tracts, 280. 

Norkoping, Norway. 241 n. 

North, Lord, donor, 193-4. 

Northamptonshire MSS., 204. 

Northumberland, Hen. Percy, Earl of, 87. 

Norton, John, 36, 53. 

Notes and Queries, 226 ., 250 ., 254 ., 

338 

Nourse, Tim., donor, i 24. 

Novello, Vincent, donor, 206. 

Nowell, Alex., Dean of St. Paul's, 336. 

Nugent, Lord, Mem. ofHampden, 263 n. 

Nurigian, Luke, 127. 

Nutt, J. W., M.A., Sub-librarian, 304. 

OCCLEVE, Thomas, or Hocdeve, q. v. 

Ochini, Bern., 331. 

O'Donnell, Magnus, 176. 

Offor, G., 233 n. 

Ogilvie, James, of Boyn, 222. 

Ogilvie, J., 75. 

O'Grady, Standish H., i 76 n. 

Okeover family, 237. 

Opie, Mrs., 227. 

Oppenheimer, D., Hebrew library, 243. 

Orford, Lord, 212 n. 

Ormesby, Robert de, 329. 

Ormonde, James, first Duke of, 165, 166. 

Ormonde, James, second Duke of, i 75. 

Ormulum, 102. 

Osborne, T., bookseller, 216. 

Oseney Abbey, book which belonged to, 
176. 

Osorius, Hier., Bishop of Faro, 24. 

Oswen, H., 264. 

Ouigour MS., 115. 

Ouseley, Sir Fred. A. G., Bart., donor, 
206 ; MSS. bought from him, 289. 

Ouseley, Sir Gore, his MSS., 289, 290, 
332 ; mentioned, 269. 

Ouseley, Sir William, his MSS., 269; 
Orient. Colled, cited, 206. 

Ousley, Rev. John, 174. 

Ovid, 20, 179, 252, 300. 

Owen, Humphrey, B.D., elected Libra- 
rian, j6o; death. 192; mentioned, 
170 n., 185, 192. 

Owen, John, D.D., 89. 

Owen, John, 227. 

Owun, 104. 

Oxford, statutes of various colleges, 179 ; 
the librarians of Cobham's and Duke 
Humphrey's libraries were Chaplains 
to the Univ., 5 ; almanacks, 211; books 
in the Library printed at Oxford be- 
fore 1500, 1 1 1-2; map, 335; siege, 



362 



INDEX. 



240 ; All Fouls' Coll. MS. there, 19 n. ; 
Anatomy School, 132, 134, 136, 140; 
Ashmolean Museum, 105, 122, 163, 

169 n., 189, 203 n. ; the Library 
transferred to the Bodleian, 286-9 
Balliol Coll. MSS. there, 5 ; proposed 
catalogue of rare books, 201 ; list of 
books not in the Bodleian, 203 ; Ch. 
Ch. MSS. there, 49, 121 ; Corp. Chr. 
Coll. MS. there, 10 ; the old Univ. 
money chest there, 4 n. ; Divinity 
School, 5; Durham Coll., 4, 20 . ; 
Exeter Coll., list of books not in 
Bodleian, 203 ; Hart Hall, 99 ; Jesus 
Coll., list of books not in Bod- 
leian, 203 ; Magd. Coll. (see J. R. 
Bloxam), spur-royals, 84 ; muniments, 
85 n. ; first Grammar-master, 112 . ; 
list of books not in Bodleian, 203 ; 
catalogue of the library, 203 ; ac- 
count-books returned to the College, 
215; statutes refused to be returned, 
261 ; Merton Coll., proposed catalogue 
of rare books, 201 ; Music School, 

1 70 n. ; Oriel Coll. MS. there, 10 ; 
portrait of Bodley, on glass, 45 n. ; 
proposed catalogue of rare books, 20 r ; 
list of books not in Bodleian, 203 ; 
Queen's Coll. gave some of Junius' 
papers to the Bodleian, 103 n. ; books 
bequeathed by Barlow, n i, 115 ; du- 
plicates exchanged with Bodleian, 115; 
a person employed in the Library, 201 ; 
Dr. Mason's bequest, 265 ; Radcliffe 
Library, 202 ; the room assigned to 
the Bodleian, 293 ; St. John's Coll., 
book given by Laud, 53 ., and bust 
of Charles I, 61 ; St. Mary's Church, 
the first Library there, 3, 4 ; west 
window, 3 ; window of old Convoca- 
tion House, 4 . ; Fysher, the Libra- 
rian, buried in Adam de Brome's 
chapel, 160; Schools' tower, inscrip- 
tion renewed, 147; Univ. Coll. MSS. 
there, 18 ., 64 n. ; 50 due to the 
Bodleian from the College, 6 7 ; account- 
books returned to the College, 215; 
Wadham Coll., a person employed in 
the Library, 201; Friars Minor, 20 n. 

Oxford, Rob. Harley, first Earl of, 175. 
Oxford, Edw. Harley, second Earl of, 

9, 170 n., 184, 216. 
Oxfordshire MSS., 175. 

PACHYMERES, 159. 
Paine, James, donor, 248. 



Palares, Anthony, 303. 

Palmerston, Lord, 319. 

Palmyra, 189. 

Parasceve, S., 324. 

Paris, Mazarine Library, 47 ., 202; 
MS. in Bibl. Imp., 115; Church of 
Holy Sepulchre, 180. 

Paris, Rev. Thomas, 39. 

Park, Thomas, 258. 

Parker, John, 1 70 . 

Parker, John Henry, M.A., 214. 

Parker, Joseph, 271. 

Parker, Matthew, Archbp. of Canterbury, 
De Antiq. Eccl. Brit., \ 70 . ; Psalter, 
250; mentioned, 19, 24. 

Parker, Samuel, son of the Bishop, 144. 

Parker, Thomas, 144, 192. 

Parkes, Mrs., 245. 

Parliamentary Committee for Augmen- 
tation of Livings, 129. 

Parr, Q^ Katherine, inscription, 43 ; 
MS. dedicated to her, 52. 

Parrel, , 1 1 n. 

Parsons, Joseph, M.A., donor, 191. 

Parthenius, Patriar. of Constant., 94. 

Parthenope of Blois, 178. 

Pate, William, donor, 196 ;/. 

Patrick, St., 64. 

Patrick, Symon, Bp. of Ely, 185 . 

Patridge, Daniel, 125. 

Paul III.. Pope, 283. 

Paulus, H. E. G., 81. 

Payne and Foss, Messrs., 229, 230, 

MS, 332- 

Peach, John and Samuel, 194. 
Peacock, , 227. 
Pembroke, Philip Herbert, Earl of, 

donor, 76. 
Pembroke, William Herbert, Earl of, 

donor of the Barocci MSS., 54 ; 

letter to the Vice-Chanc., ib. ; gave 

licence for borrowing the MSS., 51, 

54, 79 ; statue of him, given by 

Thomas, seventh Earl, 148. 
Penton, Stephen, B.D., donor, 124. 
Pepys, Samuel, his MS. papers, 172. 
Percy, Thomas, Bp. of Dromore, 232. 
Periam, William, M.A., 107. 
Perrott, Sir John, letters, 150. 
Perrott, Thomas, D.C.L., donor, 150. 
Persian MSS., 22, 33, 49, 63, 91, 1136/5, 

199, 208, 215, 228, 240, 269, 289, 

290, 294 ;/. 
Persius, 23. 

Peters, Hugh, donor, 88. 
Peters, Rev. William, 209. 



INDEX. 



3 6 3 



Petit, Sam , MS. Notes on Josephus, 94. 

Petrarch, 8, 298. 

Pett, Peter, LL.B., donor, 76. 

Phsedrus, 298. 

Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, 331 . 

Phillips, Sir Thomas, 288. 

Phoenician Inscription, 162. 

Picus, Joh., 316 n. 

Pickering, William, sale, 282. 

Piers Plowman, 101, 178. 

Pigott, Rev. G., donor, 269. 

Pigouchet, P., 3 1 2. 

Pindar, , Consul at Aleppo, donor, 33. 

Pinelli, Mapheo, 200. 

Pipping, , 241 K. 

Pius V, Pope, 283. 

Plato, 8 ., 9, 10, 59, 115. 

Playford, John, 206. 

Plays, their admission discouraged by 
Bodley as a scandal to the Library, 
66 ; collections purchased, 248. 

Plenus-Amoris, various scribes of this 
name, 18, 19 . 

Pliny, 8, II, 250, 273, 310. 

Plot, R., Nat. Hist, of Staff, cited, 325. 

Plunket, O., R. C. Archbp. of Armagh, 

337- 

Pococke, Edward, D.D., his MSS. and 

printed books, 113, 115, 268, 311 ; 

mentioned, 78, 199 ; references to 

MSS., 8l. 
Pococke, Rich., Bp. of Meath, Travels 

cited, 162. 
Pointer, Rev. John, Oxon. Acad. cited, 

86 ., 161. 
Pole, Francis, 184. 
Polish Books, 276. 
Politian, Ang., 273. 
Polsted, Benj., donor, 92. 
Polyander, Dr. John, 178. 
Pontifical, Salisbury, I 76. 
Pope, Alexander, donor, 158 ; letters, 

178,322; mentioned, 232; portrait, 

336. 

Pope, Sir Thomas, 289. 
Pore Helpe, 155. 
Porret, Gilbert, 9 n. 
Porter, , M.D., 162. 
Powle, Henry, 184. 
Powney, Richard, LL.D., 164. 
Prayer, Book of Common, 237, 248, 

264, 282. 
Preme, L. de, 226. 
Prendergast, J. P., 166. 
Prescott, W. H., 319. 
Preston, J., 8l. 



Prestwich, , 67. 

Price, Daniel, Dean of St.Asaph, 178. 

Price, John, B.D., elected Librarian, 192 ; 
complaint against him, 197 ; death, 
217; portrait, 336; mentioned, 166, 
194, 197, 204, 205, 209, 218. 

Price, J. M., M.A., 273. 

Prices of books, 65. 

Prichard, Constantine, Janitor, account 
of him, 98-9. 

Prideaux, Dr. John, 8l. 

Priestley, Dr., 280. 

Primer, Salisbury, 296. 

Prince, Daniel, bookseller, 200. 

Prince, Mrs. Mary, donor, 148. 

Printers, clerical, 259-60. 

Prior, Matthew, 175. 

Proclus, 59. 

Prudentius, 23. 

Purcell, Henry, 205, 206. 

Purefoy, Humphrey and Thomas, 56. 

Pusey, Edward B., D.D., 82 n., 278; 
Catal., 65, 199, 225, 233. 

Puttick and Simpson, Messrs., 245. 

Pybrac, Sieur de, 49. 

Pyne, Rev. T., 210. 

Pynson, Richard, 312. 

QUARTERLY REVIElVdted, 257 . 
Queensberry, Duke of, 164. 
Quignones, Cardinal, 284. 
Quivil, Peter, Bp. of Exeter, 317. 

RADCLIFFE, Joseph, 164. 

Radzivil, Prince N., 229. 

Raffaelle, 251, 334. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, donor, 24. 

Ramsey, John, 316. 

Randolph, John, D.D., 198. 

Ranshoven, Bible which belonged to the 
church, 224. 

Rassam, Hormuzd, donor, 335. 

Ratelband, , bookseller at Amster- 
dam, 92. 

Ravius, Constantine, 92. 

Rawlins, T., Pophills, 168 n., 173 ., 
174*. 

Rawlinson, Richard, D.C.L., account of 
him, 168-9; n ' s printed books, 170, 
171, 183; MSS., 172-182, 216, 217; 
coins, seals, &c., 182, 183; some of 
his portraits, 336, 337; references to 
MSS., i9., 28, 38, 53, 77., H7., 
126, 128 n., 154 ., 155 ., 157 ., 
160 ., 165 ., 216, 234, 252, 261, 
271, 322, 323, 325, 328, 335 ; book- 



3 6 4 



INDEX. 



plate, 3 ; Continuation of Wood's 
Athence. cited, 130; History of Here- 
ford, 120; endeavoured to compile a 
list of the annual Bodley Orators, 106. 

Rawlinson, Sir Thomas, 168. 

Rawlinson, Thomas, his son, 169, I 70 ., 
178, 184. 

Ray, William, donor, 24. 

Reade, William, 58. 

Reader, W., 298. 

Reay, Stephen, B.D., Sub-librarian, 242 ; 
resignation and death, 293 ; men- 
tioned, 163, 286. 

Rebenstein, A., 275 n. 

Record Commission, Report for 1800 
cited, 151, 167, 177, 185, 205; for 
1837, 96; Eighth Report of Dep- 
Keeper of Records, 170 . 

Red-letter books, 171 n. 

Reggio, J. S., 280. 

Renouard, , 242. 

Reynolds, Edward, D.D., 45 n. 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 248. 

Richards, , 164. 

Richmond, Margaret, Countess of, 105. 

Richmond, George, 337. 

Ridley, Thomas, 36. 

Rigaud, Lt.-col. Gibbes, donor, 33, 319, 

338. 

Rigaud, John, B.D., donor, 303. 
Rigaud, Prof. S. P., M.A., 195. 
Rivers, Richard, Lord, 19. 
Rives, George, Warden of New College, 

donor, 22. 
Roberts, , 340. 
Roberts, B. and E., 271. 
Roberts, J. P., M.A., 235, 239. 
Roberts, Lewis, donor, 51. 
Robertson, Prof. A., 194. 
Robertson, Rev. F. W., 297. 
Robins, George, 2^7- 
Robinson, , clock-maker, Gracechurch- 

street, 182 n. 
Robinson, John, Bp. of London, MS. 

papers, 175. 

Robson, Charles, B.D., donor, 56, 92. 
Roch, Thomas, Janitor, 88. 
Rochester, Henry Hyde, Earl of, 163, 164. 
Rock, Dr., Church of our Fathers, cited, 

29. 

Rodd, Thomas, 258. 
Roe, Sir Thomas, his gift of MSS., 49, 

50-51 ; sanctioned the lending of his 

books, 51, 79. 
Roger of Hereford, 58. 
Rogers, Samuel, M.A., 342. 



Roillet, Nicholas, 283 

Rolin, Cardinal John, 310. 

Rolle, R., of Hampole, 101, 177, 178. 

Rollright, Oxon, glass from the church, 

3- 
Rome, reports from agents, 177 ; Rocca 

Library, 47 n. 

Rood, Theodore, printer in Oxford, 112. 
Rosamond, Fair, her coffin, 30 . 
Ross, Alexander, donor, 91. 
Ross, John, Hist. Angl., 120, Ij8, 141. 
Rosse, John, 141. 
Rossingham. Captain, 77 n. 
Rouceby, Walter de, 328. 
Rous, John, M.A., elected Librarian, 

44 ; applies to Milton for his Poems, 

45 ; reception of King James' Works, 
48 ; hinders the breaking open of 
Bodley's chest, 45 n. ; appendix to 
catalogue, 60 ; complains of the neg- 
lect of the Stationers' Company, 31 ; 
refuses to lend a book to the king, 
72; death, 76; legacy, ibid. ; men- 
tioned, 56, 309. 

Routh, M. J., D.D., his printed library 
bequeathed to Durham, 4 n. ; sale of 
his MSS., 141 n. ; donor, 237 ; men- 
tioned, 252 ; portrait, 337. 

Rowell, G. A , 309 n. 

Roxburghe sale, 42 . 

Rubens, Sir P. P., 148. 

Runic alphabets, 23 . ; almanacks, 
105, 161. 

Rupert, Prince, letters, 154. 

Rush worth, John, donor, 104 ; cited, 31. 

Russel, Rev. Bertrand, donor, 205. 

Russell, Charles, D.D., President of May- 
nooth, 1 66. 

Russian books, 19, 22, 25 bis, 55, 63, 
105, 107 ; cloak, 40, 307. 

Ruthin School, 157. 

Ryley, William, 174. 

Rymer, Thomas, 320 n. 

Ryser, Jeorius, 65. 

S. W., bell-founder, 33. 

Saadiah, Rabbi, 82 n. 

Sacramentaria, 262, 290. 

Sadler, Anne, wife of Ralph, donor, 333. 

Sadlington, Michael, M.A., 107. 

Saibante, Giovanni, 226, 230. 

St. Amand, James, his bequest, 185; 

Catalogue, 216. 

St. Amand, George and Martha, 185 . 
St. Bridget, Adam, 314. 
St. George, Sir Richard, 1 74. 



y x D EX. 



365 



St. George, Sir Thomas, 174, 184. 

Sale, George, MSS., 294 n. 

Salisbury, books which belonged to the 

Cathedral, 176. 
Salt. W., 303. 

Samaritan MSS., 107, 113, 126, 296. 
Sancroft, Archbp,, mentioned, 125; his 

papers, 153-4 

Sandford, Oxon, Chartulary, no. 
Sandwich, Earl of, 166. 
Sandys, Lady K., donor, 28. 
Sanford, Jos., B.D., donor, 170 n. 
Sanscrit MSS., 93 (the first) ; 265, 269, 

272, 291, 294 ., 323. 
Saona, Gul. de, 298. 
Sarpi, Paolo, 207. 
Saumarcz, Sir James, 218. 
Savile, Sir H., donor, 19 ; mentioned, 

82 ., 251. 
Saxon, , 245. 
Say, William, 7 n. 
Scarborough, Sir Charles, his auction, 

Schelging, Samuel, 241 n. 

Schneider, , 283. 

Schoenleben, Conrad, 230. 

Schoiffer, Peter, see Fust, 310. 

Schiinsperger, Hans, 310, 312, 

Schultens, H. A., 199, 320 n. 

Schweighiiuser, Joh., 320 n. 

Scotland, letters of Scottish bishops, 154, 
237; Hooke's correspondence, 222. 

Scott, G. C. and R. A , Italian books, 
271. 

Scott, G. G., 235, 284. 

Scott, Capt. Jon., 206. 

Scott, Thomas, first janitor ? 88. 

Scott, Sir W., 227, 258. 

Scott, Will., Lord Stowell, 196. 

Scrope, Rich., D.D., 164. 

Seal, or ' sea-elephant,' a, bought, 104. 

Sebastian, St., 332. 

Seeker, Thomas, Archbp. of Cant., 199. 

Secretan, C. F., M.A., Life of Nelson, 
cited, 127 . 

Seffrid, Bp. of Chichester, 314. 

Selden, John, his library, 77-87 ; death- 
bed, 77 n. ; book in his collection 
which belonged to Anne Boleyn, 27 
. ; some MSS. burnt at the Temple, 
6 ; some of his books at Lincoln's 
Inn and Coll. of Physicians, ib.; books 
pLced at west end of Library, 60 ; 
references to books and MSS., 55,111, 
239 n, 243, 246, 320 ; gave an Arabic 
astrolabe to Laud, 61 ; his house 



broken into by robbers, 83 ; men- 
tioned, 50, 51, 139; portraits, 336. 

Seligmann, Isaac, 243. 

Selwyn, G. A., Bp. of Lichfield, 319. 

Sermons, collections of, 273, 276. 

Servetus, Michael, 247. 

S^ver, Henry, 316 

Seward, Miss, Anecdotes, cited, no ., 
203 n. 

Seymour, Jane, Q^ consort of Henry VIII, 

334- 
Sforza, Bona, 249. 

Shakespeare, W., the fijst Folio, 41 ; 

Venus and Adonis, and other poems, 

67, 247 ; editions of single plays, &c., 

231, 248, 258; his autograph, 300- 

302. 

Sharp, John, Archbp. of York, 127. 
Sharpe, Dr. Gregory, 294 n. 
Shaw, Henry, Illuminated Ornaments, 

cited, 250, 330 bis. 
Shaw, Thomas, D.D., donor, 163. 
Sheldon, Archbp. Gilbert, mentioned, 

97 ; Papers, 155 n, 237 ; his family 

Bible, 237. 

Sheldon, William, 212 n. 
Sherfiddin lahia ben Almocar, 114. 
Shirky, W. W., D.D., 90. 
Shirman, Henry, M.A., 107. 
Shotover, near Oxford, 29 n. 
Shropshire MSS., &c., 163, 263-4. 
Shuckbridge, Grace, 131. 
Siamese Prince, 319. 
Sichardus, Joh., 17 . 
Siddons, Mrs. 232. 
Sigismund I of Poland, 249. 
Silk, books printed on, 170 . 
Simeon, Sir John, 101. 
Simon, Thomas, 340 n. 
Skeat, W. W., M.A., 10 r . 
Simonides, Dr. Const., 1991, 280-1. 
Skillerne, Richard S., M.A., 202. 
Slack, Samuel, M.A., 219. 
Sloane, Sir Hans, donor, I2O. 
Slythers, , n n. 

Saialridge, George, Bp. of Bristol, 149. 
Smith, , 42 n. 
Smith, Edmund, M.A., MS. of his Bodley 

Speech, 106. 

Smith, Miles. Bp. of Gloucester, 82 n. 
Smith, Richard, 141. 
Smith, R. Payne, D.D., mentioned, 65, 

189, 296, 300; Sub-librarian, 286, 

293 ; Regius Professor of Divinity, 

33- 
Smith, Thomas, D.D., his MSS., 55, 



366 



INDEX. 



152-3, 178, I So; Vita Bernard!, 
cited, Q4, 1 14, 1 16. 

Smith, Thomas, 67. 

Smith, William, M.A., donor, 150. 

Smyth, Edward, account of a Russian 
cloak, 307. 

Smyth, Miles, 237. 

Smythe, Thomas, 19. 

Snetesham, John, D.D., 315. 

Sneyd, Rev. Walter, 226. 

Snoshill, William, grand-nephew to 
Bodley, petition to University, 39. 

Solly, , 245. 

Somers, John, Lord, 172, 184. 

Somerset, Duke of, 256. 

Sonibanck, John, 120. 

Sophia, Electress of Hanover, 175. 

Sotheby and Wilkinson, Messrs., 297, 
300. 

Sotheby, Samuel Leigh, cited, 45, 246, 
281, 321 ; mentioned, 268, 273, 
276. 

South, Professor John, 81. 

South, Robert, D.D., bequest, 143. 

Southampton, Jane Wriothesley, Coun- 
tess of, book which belonged to her, 
43 ; her daughters, 44. 

Southwell, Sir Robert, 173 n. 

Spanish books, 76, 225, 238, 253. 

Sparchiford, Archdeacon Richard, 316 . 

Sparke, Thomas, M.A., 106. 

Spelman, Sir Henry, 184. 

Spencer, Earl, 751. 

Spencer, or Spicer, , 67. 

Spencer, Sir Richard, donor, 177 . 

Spenser, John, 36. 

Spinckes, Bp. Nath., i/7, 184. 

Sprat, Thomas, Bp. of Rochester, 173. 

Stacpoole, C. P., 311. 

Standish, Dr., 1 1 n. 

Standish, John, 36. 

Stanhope, Lady Hester, donor, 229. 

Stanley, Edward, donor, 1 96. 

Stapiltone, Sir Miles de, 329. 

Stark, J. M., 286. 

Stationers' Company, grant to the Library 
of all books printed by them, 30 ; 
negligent in performance, 31, 41, 73 > 
plate given them by Bodley, 32 ; 
first book given by them, 32 ; ordi- 
nance for supply of books to the 
Library, 34; payment from the 
Library to the Bedel of the Company, 
40 ; Statutes for delivery of books, 
92 ; books claimed personally by 
Hyde, no; first Copy-right Act, 128; 



last Copy-right Act, 254 ; increased 

receipt of books, 218. 
Statius, 179. 

Steinschneider, Dr. M., 243, 244, 272. 
Steele, , 120 n. 
Stephanus, Robert, 320. 
Stephen, King of England, 185. 
Stephen, a Greek scribe, 208. 
Stevens, Henry, 232, 272. 
Stevenson, Rev. Joseph, 18 ., 105. 
Stewart, C. J., 1 12, 143. 
Stillingfleet, E., Bp. of Wore., 9, 124. 
Stochs, George, 310.. 
Stoke, Abbot John, 313. 
Stow Wood, near Oxford, 29 . 
Strafford, Thomas, third Earl of, I 75. 
Strange, John, 202. 
Strange, Sir Thomas, 319. 
Strangwayes, Giles, 19. 
Strickland. H. E., M.A., 277. 
Strode, William, M.A., 55. 
Strype, John, M.A., i 70 n. 
Stubbe, H., M.A., Sub-librarian, 88, 

89. 

Stukeley, William, M.D., 57. 
Suidas, 226. 
Summers, Prof., 284. 
Summerset, John, M.D., 8 n. 
Sunderlin, Lord, donor of Malone col- 
lection, 231. 
Sunningwell, Berks, 109. 
Sussex, Duke of, his sale, 97, 321. 
Sutherland, Alexander H., 255, 258; 

portrait, 336. 
Sutherland, Mrs., illustrated Clarendon 

and Burnet, 254-258. 
Sutterton, Lincolnshire, churchwarden's 

accounts, 177. 
Sutton, Sir Robert, 143. 
Swallow, Joseph, B.A., 147. 
Swedenborg, Emmanuel, donor, 189. 
Sweynheym and Pannartz, 210, 232, 

273- 
Swinton, John, D D., Inscr. Cities cited, 

162. 

Sydenham, Sir Philip, 136. 
Symonds, , 1 1 n. 
Symonds, Henry, M.A., 251, 266. 
Syriac MSS., 56, 63, 91, 107, 114, 296, 

300, 326. 

TALBOT, William, Bp. of Oxford, 116. 

Talman, J., 333. 

Talmud, 244. 

Tamil MSS., 296. 

Tanner, Thomas. Bp. of St. Asaph, his 



INDEX. 



36? 



printed books and MSS., 153-156 ; 

mentioned, 104, 106, 142, 190 ; 

references to his books, 8 1 . 
Tartar MSS., 115, 208. 
Tasso, Torquato, 336. 
Tattam, Archdeacon, 150. 
Taunton, J. B., M.A., 266, 270. 
Taylor, Joseph, LL.D., donor, 92, 107. 
Taylor, Richard, 23 1. 
Telugu MSS., 319, 326. 
Tenison, Thomas, Archbp..of Canterbury, 

173 n. 

Tennyson, Alfred, 319. 
Terence, 230 ; Vulgaria abs Terentio, 

112, 303. 

Terry, Thomas, M.A., 106. 
Teukesbury, John de, 316. 
Te Water,']. W., 236. 
Thame School, 180. 
Theocritus, 186. 
Thomas of Newmarket, 58. 
Thomas, E., 197. 

Thomas, John, Bp. of Winch., 132 n. 
Thomas, John, M.A., 200. 
Thomas, Vaughan, B.D., .337. 
Thomson, , 337. 
Thomson, Thomas, 303. 
Thoresby, Ralph, 187 n. 
Thorkelin, G. T., 242 . 
Thorpe, Benjamin, 102. 
Thorpe, Thomas, 286. 
Thurland, Francis, M.A., 219, 221. 
Thurland. F. E., M.A., 266. 
Thurloe, John, his State papers, 172. 
Thurston, William, donor of Oriental 

MSS., 91 ; reference to a MS., 56. 
Thwaites, Edward, donor, 333. 
Tibetan MSS., 208. 
Tickell, Rev. J., donor, 222. 
Tigernach, 175. 
Tippoo Sahib, 208. 
Tischendorf, Dr., 64, 282. 
Tomson, L., 52. 

Tonga dialect, books in the, 276. 
Tonstall, C., Bishop of Durham, 239. 
Torcy, M. de, 222. 
Torelli, Joseph, 201. 
Torinus, God., 312. 
Tour, Archd. de la, 245. 
Toynbee, Thomas, M.A., 156, 158. 
Tradescant, John, 309 n. 
Treacher, J., M.A., 297 n. 
Trefusis, John, donor, 324. 
Trent, Council of, 286. 
Trott, Nicholas, Clavis Ling. Satictae, 

108. 



Turck, John, 183 n. 
Turkish MSS., 6^, 125, 207. 
Turner, Dawson, sale, 280, 290. 
Turner, Francis, Bishop of Ely, i 73 ., 

174; papers, 176, 178. 
Turner, Dr. Peter, 55. 
Turner, Capt. Samuel, MSS., 208. 
Turner, Thomas, Dean of Canterbury, 

papers, 176, 178. 
Turner, William, 73. 
Twells, Rev. L., 78 n. 
Twine, Thomas, M.D., donor, 34. 
Twyne, Brian, MS. of Univ. Mastering*, 

187; cited, 37 n., 70, 80, 307. 
Tyndale, W., 239, 248. 
Tyrrell, James, donor, 125. 
Tyrwhitt, Thomas, 196. 

UFFENBACH, Z. C., Commerc. Epistol. 
cited, i 20, 130, 144, 145. 

Ulster, Annals o/, 175. 

Upcott, W., 299. 

Uri, John, account of him, 199 ; Calal. 
mentioned, 65; cited, 114; auto- 
graph, 320 n. 

Usher, Archbp., MSS., 125, 15 r, 176, 
318; cited, 54; portrait, 336; ab- 
solved Selden on his death-bed, 77 n. ; 
mentioned, 90, 102. 

Utrecht, Treaty of, papers, 175. 

Utterson, E. V., sale, 112, 321. 

VALENTIN, Robert, 296. 

Vambery, A., 115. 

Vandyck, Sir Anthony, 196, 336. 

Vansittart, N., M.P., 223. 

Vansittart, Robert, D.C.L., 198. 

Vaughan, H. H., M.A., 277. 

Vaughan, P., Warden of Merton, donor, 
223. 

Vaux, W. S., 340. 

Ven, , a Dane, 68. 

Venice, reports of ambassadors, 177. 

Verard, Anthony, 310, 312. 

Verneuil, John, M.A.. Sub-librarian, 73- 
4, 341 ; donor, 341 ; Nomenclator, 
3'i 67, 73, 130; Cat. of Com- 
mentators on Holy Script., 60. 

Vernon, Col. Edw., donor of the Vernon 
MS., 101. 

Vertue, George, 182. 

Vetericastro, S. de, 310. 

Victoria, Her Majesty Queen, donor, 
264 ; her visits to the Library, 319. 

Vidoveus, Petr., 311. 

Villemarque. T. de la, cited, 20 ;/. 



368 



INDEX. 



Vincent, William, D.D., 262. 

Viner, Charles, 294 . 

Viner, Sir Robert, donor, 107. 

Virgil, 179, 232, 233, 252; SortesVir- 

gilinnce tried by Charles I, 70. 
Virgil, Polydore, 10, II. 
Vivian, William, M.D., 198. 
Vossius, Isaac, 129, 178, 207, 327. 
Vostre, Simon, 311, 312. 

WAKE, Edward, M.A., 106 

Wake, Sir Isaac, cited, 15, 16, 27. 

Wake, William, Archbp. of Canterbury, 
papers, 121,1 74. 

Walden, Thomas, Fascic. Zizan., 90. 

Wales, Albert Edw., Prince of, 304, 319. 

Walker, Gen. Alex , his MSS., 269, 270. 

Walker, Endvmion, 167. 

Walker, John, D.D., his MSS., 167; 
William, his son, 167. 

Walker, Rev. John, M.A., Letters by 
Em. Persons, cited, 59, 69, 106, 1 16, 
121, 123, 125 bis, 127 ., 130 n., 
138, 139, 142, 144, 155 -, i86., 
187; Oxoniana, cited. 120. 

Walker, John, M.A., another, 229, 235 

Walker, Robert Fr., M.A., 210. 

Walker, Sir William, 270. 

Wall, H., M.A., 277. 

Wallingford, Richard, 58. 

Wallis, John, D.D., 90, 251. 

Wallis, J., M.A., 123, 

Walpole, Horace, Anecdotes of Painting, 
cited, 30; R. and N. Authors, 258. 

Walters, Rev. John, 197. 

Walters, J., B.A., Sub-librarian, 196-7. 

Walton, Brian, Bp. of Chester, 95. 

Wanley, Humphrey, cited, 9, 20 ., 24, 
90, 100 ; employed in the Library, 
ii 6 ; donor, 1 1 6 n. ; selected books 
from Bernard's library, 117; dispute 
with Hyde thereon, ib. ; Hyde desires 
Wanley to succeed him as Librarian, 
1 1 8 ; portrait, 336. 

Warcupp, Sir Edmund, 178, 187. 

Ware, Sir James, 1 84. 

Warham, Archbp., 313. 

Waring, George, M.A., 105. 

Warneford, , 160. 

Warton, Thomas, B.D., Hist, of Eng. 
Poet., cited, 18, 20, 46, 81, 156 n., 
188 .; Life of Sir T. Pope, cited, 

33i 

Wason, Abbot Thomas, 315. 
Waterson, Simon, 36. 
Watson, , 1 1 n. 



Watson, James, 24$. 

Watson, Thomas, 206. 

Waynflete, Bp. William, 1 12 n, 

Weelkes, Thomas, 206. 

Weever, John, 250 . 

Welles, , 317. 

Wellesley, Henry, D.D., 225, 279, 285, 

7 9 6 > 333- 

Wellington, Duke of, 319. 
Welwood, J., M.D., Memoirs cited, 70. 
Wentworth, St. Ex., M.A., 251. 
Werden, Major-General, 185 n. 
Werfrith, Bp. of Worcester, 100. 
Wesley, Charles, admitted as a reader, 

152, 320 n. 

Wesley, Samuel, Mus. Doc., 206. 
West, James, 212 . 
West, Rev. W., 179. 
Westminster Abbey, 1 79. 
Westmoreland, Earl of, 336. 
Westphalia, J. de, 303. 
Westphaling, Herbtrt, Bp. of Hereford, 

donor, 19 

Westwood, Professor J., 105, 327. 
Wettersten, P., 241 n. 
Wey, William, 329. 
Whale caught in the Severn, 104. 
Whalley, Peter, donor, 88. 
Whalley, Peter, B.A., 204. 
Wharton, Henry, M.A., 153 ., 240, 

322 . 

Wharton, Philip, Lord, 166, 178. 
Wheatly, Charles, M.A., 144. 
Whethamstede, John de, 8. 
Whetstone, George, 231. 
Whiston, William, M.A., donor, 141 ; 

mentioned, 149, 184, 320 n. 
Whitchurch, E., 282. 
White, , 341. 
White, Messrs., Appleton, 33. 
White, Edward, 36. 
White, John, M.A., 107. 
White, Joseph, D.D., 206, 208 ; por- 
trait, 209. 
White, Peter, 9. 
White, R. M., D.D., 102. 
Whiting, Thomas, B.A., 197. 
Whole duty of Man, author of, MS. of 

Decay of Piety, 125. 
Whorwood, Robert, 322. 
Whytt, , Librarian, II. 
Wicb, W. de, 317. 
Wickliffe, John, 10, 90, 96, 252. 
Wick-Risington, Gloucestershire, 58. 
Wiggan, George, M.A., 107. 
Wight, Osborne, M.A., bequest. 205. 



INDEX. 



369 



Wigmore, Henry, 37. 

Wilbye, John, 206. 

Wild, Henry, the learned Norwich 

tailor, 142. 

Wildgoose, , painter, 138. 
Wilkie, Sir D., 319. 
Wilkins, David, D.D., 78. 
Wilkinson, John, D.D., 84. 
Wilkinson, Rev. Thomas, MS. Pedigrees, 

174. 

William III, 255. 
William, King of Scotland, Homage to 

Henry II, 30. 

Williams, Dr., St. John's College, Cam- 
bridge, 153, 154. 

Williams, Charles, D.D., Donor, 197. 
Williams, George, B.D., 329. 
Williams, John, Bp. of Lincoln, applies 

to borrow a book, but is refused, 50 ; 

Funeral Sermon on James 7, 51. 
Williams, Sir John, 271. 
Williams, John, B.A., 157 . 
Williams, Rev. John, Welsh Grammar 

cited, 20 n. 

Williams, Moses, B.A., 157. 
Williams, Zach., 188. 
Willis and Sotheran, Messrs., 245. 
Willis, Browne, Letters to Owen, i6o. ; 

Bequest of MSS. and coins, 190-1, 

34- 

Willis, Thomas, M.D., 191. 
Wilson, D., Bp. of Calcutta, Portrait, 

337 ; donor, 338. 

Wilson, H. H., M.A., his MSS., 265. 
Wilson, Lea, 233 n. 
Wilson, Ralph, 147. 
Wilson, Thomas, Bp. of Sodor and 

Man, 289. 

Wilson, Thomas, 258. 
Wiltshire, MS. collections, 154 n. 
Winbolt, Thomas, B.A., 158. 
Winchelsea, Heneage Finch, Earl of, 94. 
Windsor, Dean and Chapter of, donors, 

34- 

Wingfield family, 214. 

Winwood, Sir Ralph, donor, 25. 

Wise, Francis, M.A., Sub-librarian, 146; 
defeated in election for Librarian, 
151; mentioned, 160, 294?!.; cata- 
logue of Coins, 340. 

Wodecherche, Will, de, 317. 

Wolf, Jo. Christopher, 95. 

Wolfe, Reginald, 87. 

Wood, Antony a, bequest, 89 ; MSS. 
bought from him, no; a MS. given 



by Ballard, 187; his Library, 287-8; 
MS. of his History, 2 70 ; illustrated 
copy of Gutch's translation of his 
History, 30 ; Rawlinson's Contin. of 
the A thence, 181 ; Malone's copy of 
the Athena, 232 ; Dr. Bliss's copy of 
the Alberta, 289; cited, 10,17,25,41, 
44, 45, 48, 79, 83 n., 85, 86 ., 106, 
IIO, 159, 201 ; Life, 192 n. ; men- 
tioned, 289, 322. 

Wood, Robert, 189. 

Woodcock, John, M.A., 210. 

Worcester Cathedral, 1 79 ; MSS. from 
thence, 100, 103. 

Worde, Wynkyn de, 155, 183, 239. 

Wordsworth, Dr. Christopher, cited, 53 . 

Wordsworth, Will., 227. 

Wotton, Sir Henry, donor, 25, 58. 

Wren, Sir Christopher, 119, 251. 

Wright, , 12. 

Wright, Abraham, B.A., Delitice Deli- 
tiarum, 65. 

Wright, Francis, 67. 

Wiirtzburg, books ' e Coll. Herbip.' 61, 
65. 

Wyat, Sir Thomas, 336. 

Wyatt, Thomas, 330. 

Wyatt, William, M.A., 128. 

Wyberd, John, 68. 

Wyngaerde, Ant. van den, 255. 

Wyrley, William, 1 74. 

XIMENES, Cardinal, 280, 298. 
Xiphilinus, 320. 

YARNTON, Oxon, 30 n. 

Yonge, Francis, M.A., Sub-librarian, 74 ; 

death, 89. 

Yonge, Nicholas, 206 
York Minster, 30 ; Tower of St. Mary, 

96 ; Museum, 2 1 2 n. 
Yorke, Sir Joseph, 199. 
Young, Edward, D.D., 178. 
Young, Patrick, 48, 51, 55, 61. 83 ; 

donor, 325. 
Yriarte, , 253. 

ZAMBONI, J. J., 178. 

Zell, Ulric, 210. 

Zend MSS., 149, 191, 269. 

Zernichaus, Adam, 143. 

Zeuss, J. C., Grammat. Celtica cited, 

20 . 

Zoroaster, 149, 159. 
Zunz, Dr. L., 272. 



Bb 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

P. 1, 1. 9. [The University Seal is engraved in Ingram's Memorials of Oxf., iii. 17, 
where it is said to be ' c. A.D. 1200.'] 

P. 15, note 2. [The University Arms are engraved in Ingram's Memorials, iii. i, 
from the painted glass in the great east window of the Library. In this repre- 
sentation three mottos are given: Dominus, &c., on a scroll above, Sapientia et 
Felicitate on the Book, and Bonitas regnabit, Veritas liberabit, on a scroll below.] 

P. 50, 1. i. for William read Williams. 

1. 2 from bottom, for ignoit read ignotis. 

P. 81, 1. 19. for Wharton read Warton. 

P. 93, 1. 6 from bottom, for Kerr read Ken. Gentoo, add [i.e. Sanscrit.] [See 
p. 265, note.] 

P. 115, 1. 5. for M. Vainbery ... to form read M. Vambery, the traveller in 
Tartary, who is engaged in forming. 

P. 1 29, 1. 6. for one volume of Index read one earlier volume containing a list of 
livings in the diocese of Norwich, with their values and incumbents. 

P. 156, 1. 14. for third Catalogue read fourth Catalogue. 

P. 187, note. Dele comma after White. 

P. 230, Codex Ebn. [A facsimile, from the commencement of St. Luke, with a 
notice of the MS., is given in Shaw's Illuminated Ornaments.] 



OXFORD: 

BY T. COMBE, M.A., E.B.GARDNER, E. P. HALL, AND H. LATHAM, M.A. 

PRINTERS TO THE UNIVERSITY. 



o 



BINDING SECT. JAN 28 1970 






Macray, '/Jilliam Dunn 
792 Annals of the Bodleian 

09/ Library, Oxford 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY