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I 



LIBRARY OF THE 
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA 



PRESENTED BY 
URS. R. C. 11. ?AOS 



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THE \^^^v 




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ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



BY J?WnSELL. 



ti 



VOL. VII. ^- X 



■. v/ 



■1 'J" 






^ 



ALBANY: 
J. MUNSELL, 78 STATE STREET. 

i85a 



f 






^•7 
ILLUSTEATIONS. 



Map of Albany and Schenectady Counties, - 1 

First Congregational Church, - - - 250 

Dudley Observatory, - - - - - 303 

Yates' House, 329 



CONTENTS- 



The City Records, 1713 to 1718, - - . 9 

Notable Women of Olden Times, - - 86 

The Transit of Albany, 94 

Ancient Documents, ----- 97 
Inscriptions in the Second Presbyterian Burying 

Ground, 104 

Early attempt to locate Union College at Albany, 126 

Notes from the Newspapers, 1818 to 1822, - 133 

TheWhirhgig, 168 

By-Laws of the City, 1686, - - - - 170 

Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, - - 178 

From an Englishman's Sketch Book, - - 195 

Population of Albany, 1855, - - - - 200 

Provincial Convention, - - - - 202 

Provincial Congress, ----- 203 

Dutch Church Papers, 232 

Albany Mechanics' Society, - - - - 240 



iT Contenis, 

The Ferry Controversy, - - - - 245 

First Congregational Church, - - - 250 

The Stnrgeon Trade, 255 

New York Colonial Mannscripta - - 257 

Dudley Observatory, ----- 303 

Biographical Notices, - - - - 311 

Annals of the Year 1855, - - - - 313 

Crosby's Hotel, 341 

Examinations at a Court of Inquiry at Albany, 

1745, 342 

Index, -------- 345 



PEEFACB, 



This volume embraces the period in the City Re- 
cords in which the first English Church was built* 
The sturdy men composing the common council 
exerted all their energies to prevent it from being 
erected in State street; but that especial location had 
the countenance of the governor. It was in vain that 
they sent an express to New York mih a canoe to 
consult two eminent counsellors! the building went 
on in spite of the arrest of the workmen, and was 
completed. It was also an era of speculation in 
real estate. The authorities began to permit lots 
to be sold and houses to be erected without the walls 
of the city. There was at the same time a mania for 
farms at Schaghticoke; and the common council 
having weighed the matter profoundly, and deter- 
mined to gratify the capitalists in this popular scheme 
to a limited extent, eight farms were drawn by lot 
out of the mayor's hat ! Among those who were so 
fortunate as to secure one of the lots" so cautiously 
doled out, was Johannes Knickerbacker,* whose 
posterity have ever since held an eminent position 
there. 

* This was not the original family name. 



vi trtfact. 

The Notes from the Newspapers embrace the erq, 
of the building of the Erie Canal. A newspaper 
critic prononnces these awfully diffuse. On consult- 
ing several persons whose judgment it was thought 
safe to confide in, all fears have been dismissed on 
that point. The work having now reached its seventh 
volume, and there being but little increasing demand 
for it, the critic may have formed a just conclusion, 
viewing it in the light of a successful speculation. 
But the project of its publication was not conceived 
as a source of profit, nor has it been continued with 
any such expectation. The number printed is very 
small, and it is pretty much determined to reduce 
the edition of the next volume to the actual demand. 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



<-^#» ► 



THE CITY KECORDS. 

Ck>ntinued ftom vol. tI, p. 291. 



At a Comon Council held in y® City hall of Albany y^ 
16th day of novemb'r 1713: Present, Rob' Living- 
ston Jun'r Esq'r mayor Job's Cuyler Esq'r Record: 
David Schuyler Wess. Jen Brook Abrah'm Cuyler 
har : wendell Esq's Aldermen Gysb' marcelis Dan'l 
Brat Evert wendell Job's hanse Peter Ryckman 
hend.: Roseboom Ass'ts 
It is orderd that the following persons be appointed & 
nominated fire masters for y^ city of Albany to Serve for 
y® Ensueing year, who are to go Round in this City & 
perform Such duty as Shall be Required of y'm in a i^ar' 
to be directed unto them, viz' 

First Ward, 
John Dupbaer Claes Wyngaert 

Second Ward, 
Barent Sanders • Hend'k Ten Eyk , 

Third Ward. ' 
* Frans Winne * Peter Waldron 

Resolved that the following warrant Shall be (lii'GCtedi 
to the "8*^ fire masters (viz') 

Albany ss 

Whereas the mayor aldermen & Oomonalty of the 
city of Albany have this day nominated & appointed yow 



10 The City Records. 

to be fire masters of the City afores^ for y« Ensueing 
year, yow or the major part of yow are therefore hereby 
Required & Commanded forthwith & then once in Every 
forthnight to go Round and view y* Chimneys harts & 
fire places where fire is kept within the said City and 
wherever they find such Chimneys harts & fire places 
Extraordinary foul or dangerous shall fine y® owner or 
owners in y® Sume of Six Shillings for y® behoofe of year 
Selvs and to Sue for y® Same yow are also to take notice 
that no fodder be Layd or logd w'h may tend to be dan- 
gerous to y® owner or his neighbours upon penalty of y® 
like Sume of Six Shill's for each day where fire & fodder 
be kept in Such dangerous & uncOnvenient places after 
warning given him her or them given in albany the 16th, 
day of nov'r in y® 12th year of her ma}'s Reign annoq'o 
Do. 1713 

To John Dunbaer Claes wyngaert Barent Sanders 

Hend'k Ten Eyk fraris winne Peter waldron fire 

masters 

It is further orderd & Resolved that y® s^ fire masters 
shall goe round in y^ s^ City & perform such duty as ex- 
pressed in the war^ to them directed on pain and penalty 
of forfeiting twenty shillings for every such neglect. 

Whereas severall of y® Commonalty do delay to come 
at y^ time appointed to keep Comon Council, It is there- 
fore Resolved and Concluded that no member of y® Com- 
on Council shall fail to appear in Comon Council, when 
summoned at the time appointed or at y^ bell Ringing 
for that purpose, or a half an hour after y^ time on pain 
and penalty of forfeiting the Sume of three shillings for 
the behoofe of y® s^ Comonalty to be Recovered by dis- 
tress & sale of y offenders goods and chatels by warrant 
under the hand of the mayor or recorder or any thre^-of 
y* aldermen ♦ 

It is Resolved that Anthony Bogardus shall deliver up 
to morrow to Rob^ Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor of this 
city nine Lathers which he made for the use of the said 
City 



Th€ City Records. 11 

It is orderd & Concluded that the following ordinance 
shall be publisbd (viz^) 

' By the mayor Recorder aldermen and Comonalty of 
the Citty of albany 

An Ordinanct 

Whereas complaints are made that severall persons in 
this City do presume toretaile & use manual occupations 
without being made freemen or citizens of y* s** city, It 
is therefore pnblishd ordaind & declard y^ no person or 
persons shall hereafter sell or expose to sale by retaile 
any wares or merchandize by themselvs or any other 
person or persons whatsoever or use any trade mystery 
or manual! occupation in y® s*^ city or liberties thereof 
unless he or they shall have his or their freedom and be 
actuall dwellers & inhabitants of y® City afores^ on pain 
& penalty of forfieting of such fines & penalties as are 
mentioned and expressd in y® charter of y* s^ city for y* 
behoofe of jr* sherrif or any oy'r person or persons who 
shall sue for the same 

Given in Albany y* 18th day of Nov'r in y* 12th year 
of her maj*es reign a'o Do. 1713 

By order of y° Comonalty 

Philip Livingston D. C. 

Dec. 22. — It is orderd that an ordinance be made and 
publishd ag^ unorderly rydeing in the streets of this city 
viz* 

By the Mayor Aldermen & Commonalty of the Citty 
of Albany 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas sundry persons within this City and county 
do presume to ryde with slee and horses in y° streets of 
the s** City very fast & unruley whereby many unhappy 
accidents may attend and come forth for preventing y« 
same, It is hereby publishd ordaind & declard that from 
& after y^ publication hereof no person or persons shall 
ryde or drive any horse or horses with Slee Wagon or 
Cart in y® streets and lanes of y® s^ city faster than on a 
steap on pain and penalty of forfieting for every such 
offence y® sume of six shillings for the behoof of the Sher- 



12 The City Recorda. ' 

rif or any other person or persons that shall sue for the 
same 

And whereas y* children in the s^ city do very unor- 
derly to y® shame & scandall of their parents ryde down 
y* hills in y® streets of the s^ city with small & great 
slees on the lord day and in the week by which many 
accidents may come now for preventing y® same it is 
hereby publishd and declard y^ it shall & may be lawful 
for any Constable within this City or any other person 
or persons to take' any slee or slees from all and every 
such boys or girls rydeing or olffering to ryde doun any 
hill within y® said city and breake such slee or slees in 
peeces 

Given under our hands and seals in Albany y® 22th of 
December in the 12th year of her maj's reign. A'a Do. 
1713 

• 

It is Resolved by y* Comonalty that none of y® land 
at Schaahkook shall be lent out before the same be first 
surveyd & measured 

Orderd that y® owners or farmers of y® seven farms at 
Schaahkook be sumoned to appear before the Comonalty 
•on y® 15 of January next. 



Att a Comon Councill held in y® City hall of Albany 
y^ 15th day of January 17 1| 

It is resolved by y® Comonalty that y® land at Schaah- 
tekook shall be surveyed on ye 25th of April next as 
well that which is lett to y^ severall tenants as that iv'h 
is yet unapprov'd 

Upon y** request of Col. Peter Schuyler who desires a 
release for a certain gardin on y^ plain w'h he formerly 
bought of y® Comonalty of the city of Albany now in his 
possession 

It is orderd y*^ Rob' Livingston Jun'r Esq'r may'r shall 
in behalf of y® Comonalty give a release for y® s** gardin 
lying between y^ pastures & gardin of Cap' Jan Janse 
Bleeker & y® gardin of Cap' Ryckman 



Th€ City R$cardi. 13^ 

March 4. — It is resolved by y® Comonalty that y* fol- 
lowing persons 'bee appointed a comittee viz*^ Robert 
Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor David Schuyler Wessel 
Ten Brook and Abraham Cnyler Esq's ald'n to go to 
Schaahkook with a sworn surveyor to survey the land 
there belonging to y® s*^ €ity as well that which is lett 
out to y^ severall tenants as that which is yet uninprovd 
and to take speciall regard and care that y^ s^ tenants 
have no more land than what is incerted in their several 
Indentures and to make report thereof to y* Comonalty 
with a draft of the same from y* surveyor on or before 

r * 

It is also resolved by y« Comonalty y^ y« following 
persons be appointed a Comittee viz* Joh's Cuyler Esq'r 
Record'r Hend'k Hansen Job's Roseboom & Harm anus 
Wendell Esq's Aldermen to go to Tiondorogue at which 
place y® Comonalty have a grant to purchase from y« 
Indians at their pleasure one thousand acres of meadow 
land by y® City Charter to view and make a calculation 
of what land lyes there and to make report of their view 
to }® Comonalty on or before y* * • 

March 13. — Whereas the passage or high way which 
leads through the street from y* corner of y® houses of 
major Dirck Wessels & Thomas Wendell to y« corner of 
y® lott of Jacob Lansingh in this city, and y? street from 
y* corner of y* house of Gysbert Marcelis and Abraham 
Kip down j^ street till y* comer of y* house of Job's 
Dwandlaer & y^ lott of y® heirs of Job's Brat deceased 
is very insufficient & out of repair, 

It is, therefore Resolved & Concluded that the owners 
or tenants of y* houses or lotts of ground fronting any 
of y® s^ streets shall repair & pave y® same with stone 
half ye breadth of y^ s° streets fronting as aforesaid in 
such manner & order as Frans Winne Wm. Hogan and 
Job's Vinhagan or any two of them shall order & direct 
and that on or before p'mo June next on pain & penalty 
of forfieting y' sume of fifteen shillings for every person 
who shall refuze deny dela^ or neglect 



14 Th$ City Records. 

•July 30. — Pursuant to y® resolution of y® Comonalty on 
y^ 4th of March last y" Committee then* appointed to go 
to Schaahkook with a sworn surveyor to* survey y® land 
there they do bring in their report with a draft of the 
same 

Ordered that public notice be given by advertisement 
that all persons who have any just demand on this city 
to bring in their accounts to Tennis Brat Treasurer of 
y* s** city on or before y* 6th of August next 

Resolved that y® following persons Johannis Cuyler 
Esq'r recorder Wessel Ten Broek Job's Roseboom Eisq*s 
aldermen Hend'k Roseboom Evert Wendell & Johannis 
Hanse assist'ts be appointed a Comitee to view examine 
& audit y^ accounts and debts that are to be brought 
unto y® treasurer of y® s^ City by those persons who 
have any just demand or claim thereon and bring report 
thereof to y^ Comonalty on or before the 7th of August 
next 

Orderd that a warrant shall be directed to y® assessors 
of this city for y® equally assessing & rateing y^ Inhabit- 
ants of y® 8^ city and deliver an estimate thereof under 
their hands & seals on or before y^ 6th of August next 
in y® Clerk's Office of y® s^ city 

August 16 — The petition of Petrus Van Driesen 
minister of y® Nether Dutch Reformed Congregation of 
the city of Albany and y® elders & deacons of y® s** Con- 
gregation being read praying a grant or release of twelve 
foot of ground on the south side and twelve foot on the 
north side of y^ s*^ church belonging to the said Nether 
Dutch Reformed Congregation & in lenth eighty foot on 
both sides Rynland measure, and a Confirmation of y® s^ 
Church ground and premises. 

Resolved that the said petition be taken into, conside- 
ration. " 

Ordered, that a committee be appointed, vizS Jobs 
Cuyler Esq. Recorder, Wessel Ten Broeck Esq. Alder- 
man, and Danl Brat assistant, to cause the streets front- 
ing y* s'^ Church be Surveyed, and bring a Report thereof 
in next Comon Council. 



TAe City Records. 15 

August 21. — Whereas the Commonalty have Resolved 
to grant a Confirmation of y^ Church, belonging to jr* 
Nether Dutch Reformed Congregation, standing and be- 
ing in this City, and an addition often foot of groand on 
y® south side and ten foot of ground on y® north side of 
y^ s^ Church wood measure and in lenth Eighty foot. 

Resolved that y® following persons viz'^ Robert Living- 
ston Junl Esq'r mayor Job's Cuyler Esq'r record: Hend: 
Hansen Wessel Ten Broeck & Harmanus Wendell Esq's 
aldermen do make a draft of 3^^ said church ground and 
premises and make return to y^ Comonalty next Comon 
Gouncill day 

August 23. — Resolved that public notice be given to 
the inhabitants of the city of Albany by advertizement 
that on Friday next at two a clock in the afternoon 
several] farms at Schaahkook & places adjacent belong- 
ing to y® s^ City of Albany shall be let out in y® City 
Hall of y* said City by a public vendue on such conditions 
and acknowledgement as then shall be read 



In Common Council, August 27, 1714. 
Present: Rob* Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor John 
Cuyler Esq*r recorder Hend: Hansen Wessel Ten 
Broek David Schuyler Abraham Cuyler Job's Rose- 
boom harmanus wendell Esq'rs ald'n Daniel Brat 
Hendrick Roseboom Gysb* Marcelis Evert Wendell 
Peter Ryckman Joh*s Hansen assistants 
Whereas notice has been given by advertisement to y* 
inhabitants of this City that some land lying at Schaah- 
kook & places adjacent belonging to the said City shall 
be farm'd out this day at two a clock in y® afternoon 

It is therefore Resolved that severall pieces of land at 
Schaahkook shall be let or farm*d out on the severall 
Conditions following by a public vendue 

No. One. 

A certain peice of Land lying on the East side of 
Hudsons river over against where La Fleur formerly 



<' 



16 The City Rteoris. 

lived containing seaventy morgan, Bounded on y® South 
by Schaahkook creek including a small flatt on y^ north 
side thereof and from y" west end of y* s'^ flatt with a 
straight line to Hudsons river & on y® West by y® river 
& on y® east by the hills till it shall take up y^ qu^itity 
of seaventy morgan or one hundred & forty acres, the 
acknowledgement is to be fifty six & one quarter bushel 
of good merchandable winter wheat to be paid and de- 
livered yearly every year in January and February after 
y® first day of may 1720 uiUo y® mayor aldermen and 
comonalty their successors and assigns for ever 

No. Two. 

A certain piec^ of land comonly called Jan Cow's fiatt 
lying over against y^ place called Quick tekook where 
Mees Hoogheboom formerly lived, containing sixty acres 
Bounded on y^ south by a place called Meesen gatt from, 
thence in the woods two hundred yards and so up till it 
takes in sixty acres the acknowledgment is to be fifteen 
bushels of good winter wheat to be paid & delivered 
yearly & every year in January & February after y® first 
day of May 172 unto y* Mayor Aldermen and Common.- 
alty their Successors and Assigns for ever. 

No8. Three^ Four, Five^ 

A third part of a piece of Land called y^ Round flatt, 
lying and being at Schaahkook afores', on y® North side 
of y® Creek, containing fifty four morgan^ and a third part 
of a small piece of Land adjoyning to y®- Land of Dirk 
van Yechten, containing six morgan, and a third part of 
sixty morgan of wood Land on the hill adjoyning to the s^ 
Round flatt, which wood Land being bounded to y^ said 
Round flatt extends northeast till it shall take in y® 
quantity of sixty morgan or one hundred and twenty 
acres of wood Land. The acknowledgement is to be for 
each third part thirty Bushels of good merchantabld 
winter wheat to be paid & deliverd yearly and every 
year in January & February after y® first day of May 
1717 unto the mayor aldermen & comonalty their sue* 
cessors & assigtis for ever 



The City Records. 17 

No. Six. 

A certain piece of land containing fifteen morgan or 
thirty acres of low land bounded en y® north by y® land 
of Corsit Veder on y« west by Job's D'Wandlaer on the 
south by Marte Dellemont & Lewis Viele on the east y^ 
Creek and a small flatt of six morgan on y® south side of 
Schaahkook Creek about one half mile to y® east of 
Corsit Yedder together with nine morgan or eighteen 
acres of wood land adjoyning to y^ wood land of Corset 
Vedder on y* south side of y* Creek the acknowlegment 
is to be twenty six & one quarter bushels of good mer^ 
chandable winter wheat to be paid yearly & every year 
in January and February after y* first day of May 1720 
unto y® mayor aldermen & comonalty their successors & 
assigns for ever 

Provided that of y® first thirty acres ten thereof along 
y* Schaahkook Creek '$hall not be cultavated but lay for 
hay or pasture 

No, Seven. 

A certain piece of land lying over Tamhenieks kill 
at Schaahkook commonly called Barrent Gerritses bower 
containing twe.nty nine morgan Low land or fifty eight 
acres & one hundred and thirteen rodd bounded on the 
north by the land of Lowis Viele and Daniel Ketelhuyn 
& to y® west and south Tamhenieks kill and six morgan 
of wood land where shall be thought most convenient y* 
acknowledgm^ is to be forty five Bushels of good winter 
wheat to be paid & delivered yearly and every year in 
January & February atter y« first of may 1720 unto y® 
mayor aldermen &, comonalty their successors & assigns 
forever 

Dirck Vanderheyden is y'' highest bidder for one third 
part of y^ Round flatt 8t one third of a small flatt of six 
morgan on y^ south side of y^ Schaahkooks Creek to- 
gether with one third of sixty morgan of wood land ad- 
joyning to y® s^ Round flatt for y* sume of seaventy five 
Pounds and y^ Rent of thirty bushels of merchandable 
winter wheat after y® first day of May one thousand 



18 The City Records. 

seaven hundred and seaventeen yearly and every year in 
y® month of January or February for ever and on such 
conditions as y® other tenants 

Dirk Vanderheyden is the highest bider for one third 
part of y^ Round flatt & one third part of a small flatt 
of six morgan on y® south side of y^ Schaahkooks Creek 
together with one third of sixty morgan of wood land 
adjoyning to y® said Round flatt for y® sume of Eighty 
Seaven -Pounds and y® Rent of thirty bushell winter 
wheat after the first day of May one thousand seaven 
hundred and seaventeen and on such conditions as the 
other tenants 

Dirk Brat is the highest bider of one third of y® round 
flatt and one third part of a small flatt of six morgan on 
south side of y® Schaahkooks Creek together with one 
third of sixty morgan of wood land adjoyning to y® said 
Round flatt for j* sume of Eighty Four Pounds and y® 
Rent of thirty bushell of merchandable winter wheat 
after y® first day of May seaventeen hundred & seaven- 
teen yearly and every year for ever and on such condi- 
tions as y^ other tenants 

Philip Livingston is the highest bidder for a certain 
peice of land over y® Tamhenicks kill at Schaabkook 
comonly called Barrent Gerritses Bowery, Containing 
twenty nine morgan Low land Bounded as aforesaid and 
six morgan of Wood land where shall be thought con- 
venient for y® sume fifty pounds and yearly and every 
year after y® first of • * one thousand seaven hundred 
and twenty • ' forever in y^ month of January and 
February y® quantity of forty five bushels good mer- 
chandable winter wheat 

Harmanus Wendell ^is the highest bidder for fifteen 
morgan of land bounded on y* north by y® land of Corsit' 
Vedder 

Sept. 3. — ^This day being appointed by y* Comonalty to 
sign & scale Indentures with the following persons who 
have bought land in vendue from the Comonalty on the 
27th August last viz^ with Dirk Vanderheyden Dirk Brat 
Harmanis Wendell Philip Livingston 



The Ciiy Records. 



19 



Ordered that Robert Livingston Jun*F Esq'r Major of 
y® said City in behalf of y® Comonalty shall sign seal and 
deliver y® said Indentures and order the City seal to be 
thereunto affixed and y^ said Indentures to be entered on 
y® publick Records 



Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of Albany 
y 4th of Sept'r 1714 

Resolved that warrants be drawn on Teunis Brat city 
treasurer for the payment of y® Debts brought in and 
allowed in Com on Councill this day viz^ 

To the several persons mentioned in the 
Report of the comitte on y* 7*^ of August 
last being - - - - £153; 8; 6 

Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq'r 

■William Hogan - 

Ph: Livingston 

Abraham Govemeur 

Jean Rosie - 

Harmanus Wendell 

Evert Banker 

Daniel Brat 

Samuel Babington 



The Petition of Johannis Dwandlaer being read pray- 
ing refusall of a low piece of ground or Swamp lying at 
Schaahkook between hisfarm and the land of Harmanis 
Wendell, 
Resolved that the same be taken in consideration 
The Petition of Doritie widow of Isaac Casperse being 
read praying for a grant of six or seaven acres of unim- 
provd land on the west of her land on the hill, 
Resolved that y® same be taken in consideration 
The petition of Johannis Cuyler being read praying a 
Release for a peice of vacant ground on the north side of 
his lott in this city on the east side of Paril street to 



. 16: 


8: 


11 


4: 


4: 


9 


- 6: 


4: 


3 


1: 






• 


15: 

4: 




m 


14: 


1 




4: 


6 




12: 


4 


£184: 


6: 


4 



20 The City Records. 

contain in breath at the front of f^ said street five rodd 
keeping y^^same breath in the rear in lenth on the south 
side running eastward nine rodd three foot and on 
the north side ten^ rodd Rynland measure adjoyning to a 
lott of ground formerly belonging to Jan Verbeek by 
Patent from Francis Lovelace late governor of this pro- 
yince on the 12th day of September 1670 at such reason- 
able price as y^ Comonalty shall seem meet 

Resolved that the said Petition be taken into con- 
sideration 

Sept. 14. — Pursuant to y^ Resolution of the comonalty 
on y^ 2 1st of August last the comittee then appointed to 
make a draft of y church and ground belonging to y^ 
Nether Dutch Reformed Congregation of the city of 
Albany and make return thereof to y* Comonalty, which 
comittee now make a return thereof accordingly 

Petrus Van Driesen minister of jr® New Nether Dutch 
Reformed Congregation of the city of Albany and the 
Elders and Deacons of y^ said Congregation do desire 
that y® Comonalty would be pleased to grant unto them 
for y® use of y® said Congregation in stead of y^ ten foot 
wood measure on the south and north side of y^ said 
church, eleven foot and eight inches Rynland measure & 
eighty six foot long so that -^ whole breath of the said 
Church be five Rodd in lenth seaven Rodd and two foot 
all Rynland measure together with free drop round the 
same which request ye Comonalty have resolved to 
grant and ordered that a release may be drawn accord- 
ingly 

Mr. Harmanus Wendell haveing bought of y« Comon- 
alty some land at Schaahkook and by his Indenture, he is 
obliged to give the Comonalty the refusall thereof at y^ 
lowest price which he doth now affirming that he can 
gett of Daniel Ketelhuyn Eighty pounds and one hundred 
& fifty pounds pork 

The Comonalty resolved not to take the said land at 
the above mentioned price do give liberty tO' the said 
Harmanus Wendell to dispose of the s^ land 



The City Records. 21 

Albany y« 14th October 1714 
This day being appointed by the Charter of y« City of 
Albany for the dldermen of y® s*^ City to make a Returne 
of the aldermen assistants & Constables who are Choisen 
to Serve for y® Ensueing year and find by the written 
votes taken in each Respective ward that the following 
persons are Choisen viz^ 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Harmanus Wendell Peter Ryckman 

Goose Van Schaick Evert Wendell 

William Wilson Constable 

Second Ward. 
Joh's Roseboom Hend. Roseboom 

Abraham Cuyler Gysbert Marcelis 

James Alden Constable 

Third Ward. 
Hend. Hansen Johannis Hansen 

Wessel Ten Broeck Peter Waldron 

Jan Maase Constable 

Teunis Brat Chamberlain 
Thomas Macbeth High Constable 



Att a meeting of y'^ recorder aldermen and assistants 
of the city of Albany the 8th day of November, 
1714 

Whereas this meeting is creditably informd y^ y*^ Rev^ 
Mr. Thomas Barclay Collo. Peter Mathews & John Dun- 
bar have this day layed out some ground on y^ west end 
of j^ Joncker street in this city for erecting & building 
a church without haveing any title from y^ said city 

It is Resolved nema contradicenta y^ y^ s^ Mr. Barclay 
Collo. Mathews and Jno. Dunbar be advised to delay that 
work untill Mr. Mayor of Albany shall be here, and that 
they be served with a copy hereof 

[Annals, tit.] 3 



22 The City Records. 

Att a Comon Council , held in the Citty hall of Albany 
y 7th day of December 1714. 

It is ordered that the following persons be appointed 
fire Masters for the City of Albany for y® year ensueing 
who are to perform such duty as shall be of them re- 
quired in a warrant to be directed unto them 

. ' First Ward. 

Benjamin Eghberts Harme Ryckman 

Second Ward, 
Andrs Nak Johannis Evertz 

Third Ward. 
William Rodgers Mathys Nak 

Resolved that a warrant be directed unto them for y^ 
purpose 

"Whereas on y® 14th day pf September last past there 
was granted by y® Comonalty unto Petrus Van Driesen 
minister of y® nether Dutch reformed congregacon of y® 
city and county of Albany and y® elders and deacons of 
y® s^ congregacon some ground about y® Church belong- 
ing to y® congregacon so y* y® whole be in breath five 
rod and in length seaven rodd and two foot Rynland 
measure for errecting and building a new Church for y* 
use of y® s^ congregacon which was then ordered to be 
released unto them 

And in stead thereof y® said minister elders & deacons 
of y® s^ congregacon desire by Cap^ Job's Roseboom one * 
of y^ elders of y® said congregation that there may be 
released unto them for y^ use afores^ sixty foot of ground 
in breath & eighty foot in lenth wood measure so that it 
be forty five foot distance from y^ house of Goose Van 
Schaick to y® north east corner of y* said ground and fifty 
five foot distance from y® house of Luycas Wyngaert to 
y^ south east comer of y^ said ground both English 
measure and y^ south west and north west comer of y® 
s^ ground to be an equal distance from y^ house of Job's 
Van Alen on y^ south side & y^ of Anna Maria Carstense 
on y® north side 



The City Records. 23 

Which request y^ Comonalty have resolved to grant & 
orderd that a Release shall he drawn Bccordingly 

The ace* for making y® well in the first ward of this 
city heing layd before the Comonalty, 

Resolved, that the following persons viz* Joh*s Rose- 
boom Wessel Ten Broeck and Goose Van Schaick Esq's 
aldermen Hend'k Roseboom Joh's Hansen & Peter Ryck- 
man assistants be appointed a Committee to view and 
examine y® ace* of y® said well and bring in their report 
to y® Comonalty next Comon Councill day 

Resolved, that one Stone well shall be made at the 
charge of y® City of Albany in y® second ward of y® s** 
city at any time before the first day of August next at 
such convenient place as the comonalty shall think fitt 

It is also resolved y* one stone well shall be made, at 
y® charge of y® City in y® third ward of y* said City at 
any time before y* first day of August next at such con- 
venient place as y® Comonalty shall think fitt - 

Dec. 8. — The Comittee appointed yesterday to view & 
examine y® accounts for makeing y® well in y^ first ward 
of this City, who report y* y® Charges &c. in makeing s^ 
well doth amount to £61: 16: 10 

Ordred that a warrant be drawn on Tennis Brat City 
Treasurer for paying y® same 

Dec. 21. — The release of y® Church & some ground 
on y* south & north side thereof orderd to be drawn on 
y® 8th instant being now read arid resolved that Rob* 
Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor shall sign y® same in be- 
half of y® Comonalty and y* y^ scale of the said city be 
thereto affixed 



Att a Comon Councill held in the City Hall of Albany 
the 5th day of January, ITlf 

It is resolved by the Comonalty of this City that 
notice be given to Mr. Andris Coyman that he does not 
proceed in surveying the severall lots of ground obtaind 
by Andris de Vos deceased on the north side of the city 
of Albany within the corporattion thereof before he gives 



24 The City Records. 

notice to the mayor of the said city and other neighbors 
interested therein & adjoining and upon such notice given 
the following persons viz^ Joh*s Guyler Hend*k Hansen 
Abraham Cuyler Harmanus Wendell Esq's Gysbert Mar- 
selis Evart Wendell and Peter Waldrum assistants are 
appointed to be a committee to see the same justly sur- 
veyed, and to make report thereof the next Common 
Councill day and that the said Andris Coyman be servd 
witli a coppy hereof 

Jan. 8. — Whereas Mr. Nicholas Schuyler surveyor by 
his petition appears in Comon Councill and sets forth 
that Daniel Ketelhuyn hath in his possession five hund- 
red and four square rods of land belonging to Johannis 
Knickerbocker at Schaghtekoek it is resolved by the 
Comonality that the said lands of Daniel Eettelhuyn be 
surveyed to the end that the s** Johannis Knickerbacker 
and Daniel Kettelhuyn may have each their Just Right 
according to their several Deeds they paying the charges 
of Surveying 

It is resolved by the Comonalty that forever hereafter 
thef e be a common high street laid out on the north side 
of the s** City of Albany beginning from Brewers street 
between the lott of Barent Brat and the house of Jacob 
Lansing stretching up westwardly with a derect line 
along the north side of the said house of Jacob Lansing 
to the Pearle street haveing y* breadth of eighteen foot 
and ^ half Rynland measure and on the west side of s^ 
Pearle street westward the same course as the north 
line of the above mentioned street runs till upon a front 
with the dwelling house of Mr. Job's Roseboom four 
rod like measure w'h street is to be layd out on y® south 
side of the said north line by the Committe appointed 
to see the lotts surveyed belonging to Andris DeVoss 
deceased 

^ It is also resolved by y® Comonalty y* Abraham Cuyler 
Esq'r & Mr. Evert Wendel assistance be appointed to 
view what stockadus be wanting to fortifie the said Citty 
and make their report of the number thereof the next 
Common Gouncel day ^ 



The City Records. 25 

Jan. 13. — Whereas the Comonalty are informed that 
Andries Coyman hath affixed an advertizement on the 
Church porch signifying thereby that he designs to dis* 
pose of some lotts of ground lying on y** north end of the 
Pearl street on y* west side thereof in this City & on the 
plain without y® gate there, and y* s^ Coyman having 
measured and layd out some ground at y^ places afores'^ 
belonging to y*^ s** City 

It is therefore resolved that an advertizment be affixed 
giveing notice thereby to warn all persons not to buy 
any ground of y*^ s^ Coyeman at y* places afores^ belong- 
ing to y« s^ City 

Resolved that warrants be issued unto y® assessors of 
this City to asses y^ inhabitants residents sojourners and 
freeholders of y® s^ City for rideing of five hundred yal- 
low pine stockados of thirteen foot long & one foot thick 
at y® thinest end and deliver an estimate thereof in the 
Clark's Office of this City on or before f 15th of this 
instant 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y« City Hall of Albany y® 
18th day of January Hlf : Present, Rob' Livingston 
Jun'r Esq'r mayor John Cuyler Esq'r recorder Hend. 
Hansen Abraham Cuyler Goose Van Schaick Esq's 
aldermen 
Job's Cuyler by his attorney John Collins plentive 
Gerrit Roelofse by his attorney Robert * Livingston 
defendant 

Declaration being read, plea being read 
The Jury being called and sworn who bring their ver- 
dict itor y« plentive with 6«* Cost 

The plentive's attorney moves for judgm' for £2:13:6 
with costs of suite which was granted 

David Schuyler and Robert Livingston Jun'r plentives 
The plentives move to y® court y' they will be pleased to 
admitt Mr. John Collins to be their attorney which was 
granted 



26 The Giiy Records. 

Nanning Harmense by his attorney Robert Liyingston 
defendant 

Referd till next court 

It is orderd by y^ court that all pleas are to be enterd 
in y^ clerks office of this court three days before y® court 
ensueing y® court at which y® writ or sumonce is return- 
able 



At a Mayor's Court held in y® City Hall of Albany y* 
first day of February 171 J 

David Schuyler & Robert Livingston Junior by their 
attorney John Collins plentives 

Nanning Harmense by his attorney Robert Livingston 
defendant 

The declaration & plea being read issue joyn'd 

Leendert Gansevoort by his attorney Rob* Livingston 
plentive 

Jean Van Loon by his attorney John Collins defend* 

The court then adjourned till this day fortnight 



Att a Mayor's Court held hi y® City Hall of Albany 
y® 15th day of February 171 J 

Leendert Gansevoort plentive 

Jean Van Loon by his attorney John Collins defend* 

Declaration being read y® defendants attorney demurs 
to y® plaintives declaration which being read 

The Court of opinion y* y® action is well brought 

Ordered that y® plentives attorney do enter his plea in 
due time against next court 

Arent Brat by his attorney John Collins plentive, 
Carel Hansen defendant 

Johannis Teller plentive by Philip Livingston who 
appears for him, Carel Hansen by his attorney John 
Collins defendant 

Barent Wemp plentive, Carel Hansen by his attorney 
John Collins defendant 

Jan Wemp plentive by Philip Livingston who appears 



The Ciiy Records. 27 

for him, Carel Hansen by his attorney John Collins 
defendant 

The Court adjourned till this day forthnight 



Att a Mayors Court held in y« Citty Hall of Albany 

y« 1st day of March 17 1| 
Leendert Gansevoort plentive by Thomas William's 
Jean Van Loon defendant by his attorney John Collins 
The Jury called & sworn yiz' 

William Jacobse Johannis Van Alen 

Dirck Ten Broeck Benjamin Eghbertse 

-Anthony Coster Niccolas Schuyler 

William Hogan Claes Wyngaert 

Warnaer Casteuse Casper Van Hoesen 

Johannis Wendell Jacob Evertse 

Declaration & plea being read>&a & y® Jury sent out 
who return & bring in their verdict and find for y^ plent< 
ive with 6^ costs 

The plentives attorney moves for judgment according 
to y® verdict 

The defendants attorney moves for arrest of judgment. 

The court give judgment against y^ said defendant for 
four pounds seaven shillings & 1^^ & for cost of suite 

William Hogan by his attorney plentive , Abraham 
Staats defendant 

The plentive^ attorney move for judgment by default 
against y^ defendant for sixteen pounds nine ishLIlings & 
one penny with costs of suite 

The court give judgment accordingly 

Job's Teller plentive by Philip Livingston, Carel Han- 
sen defendant by John Collins his attorney 

Barent Wemp plentivq by Philip Livingston, Carrel 
Hansen defendant by John Collins his attorney 

Jan Wemp plentive by Philip Livingston, Carel Hansen 
defendant by John Collins his attorney 

The defendants attorney moves to the court that no 
advantage shall be taken in these three actions for any 



2S The City Records. 

error before this court comitted by reason of an agree- 
ment alleadged to be made between the parties that the 
actions should be withdrawn which was granted 



Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
y« 1st of March 17 1| 

Resolved by y® Comonalty that Johan's Cuyler and 
Hend'k Hansen Esq's be appointed to apply to his Excel- 
lency y^ governer and endeavour to procure from him a 
confirmation of y® grant of one thousand acres of low or 
meadow land mentioned in y® Citty charter situate lying 
and being on y^ south side of y® Maquase river with cer» 
tain bounds to witt to begin from a small Creek which 
vents into y® s^ river on y® west side of a certain piece 
of land called or known by y® name of Roberts vlackje & 
so to run up westerly that it doth take in all ye land 
between y® s^ Maquaw river and y® foot of y® hills to y® 
Tionondoroges Creek & then all y® land on y® west side 
of y^ s^ Creek between y® river & y® foot of y® hills and 
so to run up westerly till it shall take in y® quantity of 
one thousand acres of low meadow land & that y* charges 
thereof shall be defrayed by y® said City 

Philip Livingston informs the Comonalty that he is 
willing to dispose of the land he bought of them on the 
27th of August lying and being at Schaahkook & desires 
that they will be pleased to give him libertie to dispose 
of the said land or else pay unto him what he is ofiPered 

The Comonalty haveing taken y® same in consideration 
do give the said Philip Livingston libertie to dispose of 
y® s^ land as he shall think fitt 

March. 2. — Whereas the Mayor Recorder and Alder- 
men of the City of Albany are impowered by an act of 
general assembly of y^ Colony of New York entituled an 
act for encouraging y® Indian trade at Albany to appoint 
a good and sufficient person to visit and inspect all deer 
buck and doe skins as shall be exposed to sale by any 
Christian in y* s'* city or offered to be shipd off. In pur- 
guance whereof they have thought fitt to appoint Mr. 



TA« City Records. 29 

Dirck Ten Broeck to be surveyor of y* said skins w'h he 
has accepted to do for a half penny for each skin he shall 
survey as afores^ and he is to give a certificate for such 
skins according to y® directions of y® said act 

March 3. — It is resolved by the Comonalty that the 
following letter shall be writ to his Excellency y* gover- 
neur 

Albany y« 3th March, 17 If 

May it please your Excellency 

Since your Excellency has been pleased by patent to 
grant unto the Reverend Thomas Barclay Collo. Peter 
Mathews & John Dunbar a certain lott of ground on the 
west end of y® Joncker street in this city for to errect & 
build a Church on, they have caused part of y® foundation 
to be layd, we are with submission to your Excellency 
humbly of opinion that y^ s^ lott of ground belongs to y® 
said city being included in our charter, It seems to us 
on their side either as an incroachment on y® rights of y* 
s^ city or a disregard to y® Comonalty, however to shew 
that we are not against that pious design but reather to 
promite it we have offered them a more conveinent lott 
and are still willing to grant the same altho* they have 
refused to accept it now to prevent any further trouble 
we apply to your Excellency that your Excellency will 
be pleaded to signify to them such remedy whereby the 
matter may be reasonably accomodated, we are with re- 
spect 

May it please your Excellency 

Your Excelleucys most obedient servants 

In Mayors Court March 15th 17 If 
Reyer Schermerhoorn by his attorney John Collins 
plentive 

Carel Hansen defendant who appears 

In Mayors Court March 29th 1715 
Reyer Schermerhoorn by his attorney John Collins 
plentive t 



30 The City Records. 

Carel Hansen defendant who appears 
Issue joined 

Att a Mayors Court held in y« City Hall of Albany y« 
8th day of April 1715 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas the Comonalty of the said City are creditable 
informed that the bakers within this city do take an ex* 
cessive price for bread k y® yictualars for beer It is there- 
fore resolved by y® s^ Comonalty that it shall be ordaind 
published & declared and it is hereby ordaind publishd & 
declared that from and after the date hereof no baker or 
other person within y^ said city or liberties shall take or 
receive more for one pound of white bread bakd of good 
fine fiower than one penny & four fifths of a penny w'h 
is six stivers in wampam and no more for three pounds 
of bread baked of cornel than four pence half penny and 
for six pounds of such bread nine pence on penalty of 
forfeiting all such bread as shall not have its assize as 
aforesaid 

Be* it further ordained published and declared that no 
victualar or retailer within this city or liberties thereof 
shall from & after y® date hereof take or receive more for 
one beer quart of good strong beer then three pepce 

Be it also ordaind publishd & declard by y® authority 
aforesaid that no hog or hogs pig or pigs shall run at 
large in y^ said city or liberties thereof at any time after 
y^ publication hereof till well ringed in y® nose with good 
iron wire and that all hogs & pigs which shall be found 
running at large without being ringd as aforesaid shall 
be forfieted to y^ use of such person or persons as shall 
take up y^ same 

The inhabitants of y* s* city are warnd by y® s^ pre- 
sents to remove their fire wood from y^ streets & to pile 
up their timber & stone for building at or before y® 16th 
instant upon forfieture of six shillings for y^ behoofe of 
y® sherrif who is to take , care that this order be duly 
executed 



The City Records. 31 

Wessel Ten Broeck Abraham Cuyler Esq's aldermen 
and Evert Wendell assistant, are appointed a Gomittee 
to draw up an indenture of five morgan of land at 
Schaahkook which Corsett Vedder is ta release unto y® 
comonalty in liew of five morgan of land which y« com- 
onalty are to release to him 

Whereas Mr. Thomas Barclay Colo. Peter Mathews & 
John Dunbar have layed out a certain lott of ground on 
the west end of y^ Joncker street in this city and have 
caused part of a foundation to be layed thereon which 
lott of ground properly belongs to the city of Albany & 
yet they proceed to lay the same without leave or con- 
sent of y® Comonalty 

The Comonalty are therefore resolved to maintain & 
defend y^ rights & liberties of this city as much as lays 
in their power and to prosecute such proceedings as far 
as the law will permit 

Whereas y® Comonalty are informd that Job's Visger 
hath erected a fence & other building on y® ground to y® 
westward of his house in y® lane fronting y® stockados 
contrary his indentures from the Comonalty of y® s^ city 

It is therefore resolved that the said Visger be orderd 
to remove such building within the time of eight days or 
otherwise that he be prosecuted for so doing and that be 
be served with a copy hereof 



Att a Mayors Court held in y® City Hall of Albany y« 
12th day of April 1715 

Reyer Schermerhoorn by his attorney John Collins 
plentive Carel Hansen defendant who appears 

Carel Hansen moves to y® Court that this action may 
be refered till y® next Mayors Court alleaging he wants 
a lawyer and three matteriall wittnesses releating to this 
action 

Mr. Collins moves that the action may not be refered 
unless Carel Hansen doth pay the charges of this court 
& sumonesing y^ jury and evidences 

The court considering the matter do refer the action 



\ 



32 The City Records. 

till y* next Mayors Court and that Carel Hansen do pay 
y® costs of this court & charges of sumonesing y® jury & 
evidences accordingly < 

Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
ye 14th day of April 1715 

It is resolved by y® Commonality that letters be writ 
and sent by an express with a canoe (at the charge of 
this city) to New York for advice from two attorneys at 
law concerning y® trespass which is comitted by several 
persons in laying a foundation on a certain lott of ground 
on y® west end of y^ Joncker street in y® s** city 

Ordered that Philip Livingston deputy dark do sign y® 
said two letters in behalf of y® Comonalty of y^ said city 

Albany y« 14th of April 1715 
Mr. Livingston 

We think that you have doubtless heard y* Mr. Bar- 
clay Collo. Mathews & John Dunbar have obtained from 
his Excellency go verner Hunter a patent for a certain 
lott of ground on y® west end of y^ Joncker street in this 
city and that they have caused a foundation to bp layd 
thereon which lot of ground properly belongs to this city 
comprehended in the charter as youl perceive thereby 
upon your perusall thereof, for your ease we send one 
here inclosed, we have forbidden some of the men who 
are busy to lay y® said foundation to cease from working 
which they have not regarded so that we have caused 
two masons to be arrested for actions of trespass which 
will depend at y^ next inferior court of comon pleas they 
have given bail and go on with y® work, we desire yow 
to be our attorney in these and in such other actions as 
we shall commence against these proceedings and if yow 
can possibly come here with this canoe we hope yow 
will not delay and we shall reward yow very well, in 
case yx)u cant come now, send us then your advice how 
we shall ground these actions for trespasse 

We write also about this subject to Mr. George and 
desire his advice concerning it, with whom consolt 



I 



The City Records. 33 

whether there can't be found out any proper course 
whereby this work may be stopd untill y® actions which 
we have and shall enter against these proceedings be 
determined and ended by due course of law pray be not 
backward to come yourself with one of y® first sloops if 
not with y* canoe 

Per order of y® Comonalty of y® city of Albany 

Philip Livingston D. C. 

To Mr. Robert Livingston Attorney at Law 

Albany y« Hthof April 1715 
Mr. George 

Sir, Yow enterd last fall by order of Rob^ Livingston 
Jun'r Esq'r mayor of this city a Cavat against a patent 
which Mr. Barclay Colo. Mathews & John Dunbar havQ. 
since obtained from his excellency Governor Hunter for 
a certain lott of ground on y® west end of the Joncker 
street in this city (which is comprehended in our city 
charter as youl perceive by y® perusall thereof) whereon 
they have caused a foundation to be layed & do ' still go 
forward, though we have forbidden them to proceed, we 
have since arrested two masons for actions of trespasse 
depending at y® next inferior court aiid have resolved to 
defend y® rights and liberties of y® s^ city, to our grieve 
we are obliged to defend ourselves against such incroach- 
ments we do therefore apply ourselves to yow to send us 
your advice in this matter We have also sent to Mr. 
Livingston to consolt with you whether there can't be 
found out any proper court whereby this work may be 
stopd untill the actions which we have and shall enter 
against these proceedings be determind & ended by due 
course of law & how to ground y® actions which we shall 
enter against y^ workmen, we shall pay and satisfy yow 
for your advice in this matter as also for what is due to 
^yow for entring y® Cavat. Pray dispatch y** bearer hereof 
as soon as possible 
' • Per order of y® Comonality of y* city of Albany 

Philip Livingston D. C. 

To Thomas George Esq'r 

[Antkih, vii.] 4 



34 The City Records. 

Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
y« 25th day of April 1715 

Whereas Jacob Lansing of this city baker has presentd 
a petition unto y® Comonalty praying to have a release 
for two foot in breath of ground where part of his house 
now stands on scituate & being on the west side of the 
Brewers street in the s^ city which y® Comonalty haveing 
viewed & measured it is resolved by the Comonalty that 
there be granted unto y^ said Jacob Lansingh nineteen 
inches breath of ground at y® place aforesaid where his 
house now stands on streching from the north side or 
corner thereof westward slainting to nothing to y® end of 
his lott for which he shall pay six pounds. 

Resolved that Robert Livingston Jun*r Esq'r mayor 
shall in y^ behalf of y® Comonalty sign a release of the 
said piece of ground and cause y^ city seale to be there- 
unto affixed & y^ said release to be entered on y^ records 



Att a Mayors Court held in y® City Hall of Albany y^ 
26th day of April 1715 

Reyer Schermerhoorn by his attorney John Collins 
plentive, Carel Hansen defendant 

Mr, David Schuyler desires in behalf of Carel Hansen 
that he and Evert Wendell may be admitted to speak in 
his behalf 

Mr. Collins the plentives attorney moves that only 
one of them may be admitted which was granted accord- 
ingly by y® court and left to Carel Hansen choice who to 
appoint of the two whereupon he appointed Mr. David 
Schuyler to plead for him 

The court asked the parties if they were ready for 
try all- who answered yes then the jury being called up & 
sworn who are as follows 

Rutger Bleecker Casper Van^Hoese 

Hendrick Ten Eyck Anthony Coster 

Johannis Vinhagen Johannis Hansen 

Jan Evertse Niccolas Schuyler 

Claes Wyngaert Hendrick Douw 

Jan Rosie Claes Fonda 



Th$ City Records. 35 

The Declaration & Plea being read y® evidences from 
on both sides & y® Jury sent out who returnd & bring 
in their verdict and find for y® plentive with six pence 
cost 

Mr. Collins attorney for y® plentive moves for judg- 
ment against y® defend* for one hundred pounds accord- 
ing to y^ bond with costs of suite w*h is granted accord- 
ingly 



Att a Comon Council held in y® City Hall of Albany 
the 3th of May 1715 

Johannis Vinhagen appears before the Comonalty and 
complains that the street wherein he lives is very much 
out of repair and desires that the same may be mended 
orderd that the same be taken in consideration 

The petition of Arient Vedder and his brethren and 
sister being read praying a release for a certain lott of 
ground on the south side of the city of Albany formerly 
possessed by their father Harme Vedder dec^ alleading y' 
y** writing thereof was burnt when Schinectady was cut 
of by y® French and Indians, which petition was taken 
in consideration & granted 

Resolved that Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq'r Mayor 
shall in y® behalf of y® Comonalty sign a release of y® s*^ 
lott of ground & cause the city scale to be thereunto 
affixed and y® same to be entered on y® publick records 

May 19. — Whereas upon complaiat of the mayor 
aldermen and comonalty of this city, Johannis Schuyler 
Evert Banker Johannis Sanderse Glen & Jonas Douw 
Esq's justices for y® said city & county went to a certain 
lott of ground on y^ west end of y® Joncker street in this 
city and ordered Casper Rouch Adam Smyth and other 
labourers to desist from working on y® same on penalty 
of being prosecuted but they in no wise regarding the s^ 
order do now go on to work on y® said lott of ground 

It is therefore resolved by the Comonalty to make 
complaint unto y® said justices to give them releave in y* 
matter 



36 The City Records. 

Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 

this 22dday of June 1715 
Peter Comine plentive 
Teunis Van Sluyck defendant 
The plentive appears by John Collins his attorney 
The defendant in his own person 



Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
y® first of August 1715 

It is resolved by y^ Comonalty that four hundred and 
fifty stockados be procurd for fortifying of y® city & that 
y^ gates be repaird to which end Hend'k Hansen Wessel 
Ten Broeck Harmanus Wendell Esq's aldermen & Peter 
Waldrons assistant or any three of them be appointed a 
Comitte to agree with proper persons to procure y® said 
stockados & for y® repairing of y® said gates 

It is also resolved y^ a tax of one hundred pounds be 
layd on y® inhabitants &c. of ys city to defray y® charges 
of the 8^ city to which end it is orderd that warrants be' 
directed by the mayor recorder aldermen or any three of 
them to the assessors & collectors of y® said city for the 
laying, thereof 



At a meeting of the recorder aldermen and assistants 
of y« City of Albany y® 10th day of September 1715 

It is resolved that this meeting or any five of them be 
appointed a comittee to view examine and audit the 
accounts of this city and bring in their report the 13th 
instant 



Albany y*^ 29th September 1715 
This day being appointed by the City Charter for the 
aldermen ofy® said city to bring their return of y® alder- 
men assistants & constables choisen by y® inhabitants of 
y® s' city to serve for y® ensuing year who are as follows 
(vizO 



Tie City Records. S7 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assittants. 

David Schuyler Peter Ryckman 

Goose Van Schaick Johannis Ten Broeck 

Luycas Wyngaert Constable 

Second Ward. 

Johannis Roseboom Gysbert Marcelis 

Abraham Cuyler Hendrick Roseboom 

Jacob Verplank Constable 

Third Ward. 

Hendrick Hansen Johannis Hansen 

Wessel Ten Broeck Peter Winne 

Mathys Nak Constable • 

Tennis Brat Chamberlain 
Christophel Yetts High Constable 



Att 9 Comon Oouncill held in y« City Hall of Albany 
y« 30th day of September 17 15 

The Comitte appointed on the lOthday of this instant 
do bring in their report of y® accounts payable to several 
persons mentioned in a list amounting in all to seaventy 
eight pounds eight shillings and three pence, which is 
approvd off and allowd 

It is resolved by the Comonalty y' publick notice shall 
be given that on the eight day of November next there 
shall be exposed to sale severall parcells of land belong- 
ing to the said city near to Schaahkook 

The Comonalty have this day agreed with Jacob Wat- 
son and James Davis to be bell men in this city to go 
round every night & call in such places as they shall be 
directed for which service they shall receive at y® rate 
£21 per annum 

Oct. 8.— The Petition of William Apple of y« City of 
New York being read which is refered till y* 1 1th instant 
when y® same is to be taken in consideration 



38 The CUy Records. 

Oct. 1 1 . — The following Petition was read and taken 
in consideration 

To the worshipful mayor recorder aldermen & assist- 
ants of the city of Albany in Comon Councill con- 
vened » 

The humble petition of William Apple of the city of 
New York vintner shewetb 

That by order of y^ majestrates of this city on y® 14th 
of February 16f J your petitioners house then standing 
on the north side of the city was pulld down by which 
ever since he has lost the use and benefitt of it 

That your Petitioner at the request of the Common 
Councill of this city some time since made his applica- 
tion to y* General Assembly of this province for satis- 
faction for the losses sustained as aforesaid as a means 
for to ease this city from some -part of the satisfaction 
he desired, but notwithstanding your petitioner after 
constant solicitations and a great deal of trouble and 
expenses could only obteyne an allowance of sixty 
pounds in part for y^ satisfaction for y® losses 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly beggs (his losses 
being much greater) that you would be pleased to assure 
to him y® lott of ground lying between y® house now in 
possession of Mattys Nack and the house in possession 
of Casper Van Hoe3e in this City which by y® records of 
this city may appear, otherwise to give to your petitioner 
such other just recompence as to this worshipfull comon 
councill may seem most equitable & your petitioner as in 
duty bound shall ever pray 

William Apple 

Resolved to allow William Apple (over and above y* 
JE60 allowed him by y* assembly) the sume of twelve 
pounds for y^ damages in polling down his fathers house 
in anno 16|J which if he agrees to shall be paid him next 
year & therewith to rest satisfyd & of all further claim 
all y^ lott of ground thats between the house of Mathys 
Nack & Casper Van Hoese which being read to him .and 
therewith was satisyd 



The City Records. 39 

Samuel Babington delivers a petition in Comon Coiin- 
cill which is as follows viz^ 

To the mayor recorder aldermen and comonalty of y® 
city of Albany 

The petition of Lew* Samuel Babington of y^ said city 
sheweth 

That your Petitioner is desirous to purchase of this 
city a certain parcell or lott of bush land scituate lying & 
being ony* north side ofy® Beavers Creek and adjoining 
on the south corner of the widdow Caspers fence to con- 
sist of about one acre square for a house and gardin and 
also your petitioner is further desireous to rent of the 
city a certain parcell or quantity of bush land adjoining 
to the said lott running westerly along y® side of y® said 
creek and between y® said creek and the path that leads 
to Frederick Visgers mill to consist of fifty acres or there- 
abouts 

Your Petitioner therefore desires the concurrence of 
your worships in his request hoping you will agree with 
him ^pon reasonable terms & your worships will much 
oblige your petitioner 

Resolved that the said petition shall be taken in con- 
sideration & y* y® petitioner shall have the refuzall of y® 
land he prays to have 

Peter Ryckman desires y* Comonalty to give y® refuzall 
of a small piece of ground lying behind y® lott of William 
Hilton & near his lott in this city which is granted ac- 
cordingly 

Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 
y« 11th day of October 1715 

Mathys Goes plentive by Philip Livingston his attor- 
ney 

Peter Van Slyck defendant Mr. John Collins appears 
for him 

The Court adjourned till two a clock in the afternoon 

The Court met according to adjournment 



40 The City Records. 

The following persons, to witt 

Petrus Van Driesen Jacob Weerer 

Jan Lansingh Christian Houys 

Chies Van Der Volgen Johannis Keyser 

Jan Janse Bleecker Hendrick Elock 

Peter Eneskern Jacob Feeck 

Juryh Herck Heemmer Jacob Snell 

Hans Jury Kast Peter Feeck 

Warnaer Deygert Roelof Steel 

Niccolas Wever Hendrick Seix 

Johannis Feeck Leendert Helmer 

Fredrick Scheffer William Schief 

Reynhaert Scheflfer Paul Dinser 

Jurry Beenner ^ Johan Frederick Bell 

Anthony Schyet Philips Helmer 

Jacob Kop Nicholas Schieflfer 
Nicolas Korning 

Did in open Court take the oaths by law appointed to 
be taken in stead of the oaths of allegiance & supremacy 
subscribe the test and make repeat and swear to & sub- 
scribe the abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of 
an act of general! assembly entituled an act declareing y^ 
all those of foreign birth heretofore inhabiting within 
this colony and dying seized of any lands tenements and 
hereditaments shall be for ever hereafter deemed taken 
& esteemed to have been naturalized and for naturaliz- 
ing all protestants of foreign birth now inhabiting within 
this colony 

To whom certificates are forthwith to be given accord- 
ing to the directions of y* said act 



. Albany the 14th Qctober 1715 
This day being appointed by the charter of the city of 
Albany for y^ aldermen assistants constables & chamber- 
lain of y® city to be sworn according to y® return there- 
of made on y® 29th of September last who are as follows 
(vizO 



Th€ City Records. 41 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler Peter Ryckman 

Goose Van Schaiek Johannis Ten Broeck 

Lujcas Wyngaert Constable 

Second Ward. 
Johannis Roseboom Gysbert Marcelis 

Abraham Cuyler Hendrick Roseboom 

Jacob Verplank Constable 

Third Ward. 
Hendrick Hansen Johannis Hansen 

Wessel Ten Broeck Peter Winne 

Mathys Nak Constable 

Christophel Tetts High Constable 
Tennis Brat Chamberlain 



• Att a Comon Council held in y® City Hall of Albany, 
y« 8th of November 1715 

The petition of Samuel Babington being read wherein 
he desires to have some bush land on y® north side of y* 
Beavers Crisek &; to rent or farm some bush land adjoin- 
ing to y® s^ land running along y® s*^ Creek between the 
same and y^ path that leads to Frederick Visgers mill to 
contain 50 acres or thereabouts 

Resolved that David Schuyler and Wessel Ten Broeck 
Esq's aldermen &; Peter Ryckman assistant be appointed 
a committee to view the said land and bring report to 
the Comonalty on or before y® * * * 

It is resolved that y® following ordinance be published 



viz^ 



By y* worshipfull mayor recorder aldermen & comon- 
alty of y* city of Albany 

An Ordinance 

Whereas severall persons for their own private lucr^ 
& gain do buy & take in pawn of y^ soldiers of his maj's 



42 The City Records. 

establishd companys in this garrison their cloathing 
acutrements and provisions by which means they are 
rendered incapable of doing tlieir duty and are often 
inveigled to drink to excesse 

It is therefore hereby strictly prohibited the buying, 
receiving or detaining any cloathing acutrements or pro- 
visions belonging to any souldier or souldiers of this 
garrison and if any person or persons do after the pub- 
lication hereof presume to buy or take in pawn any 
such cloathing acutrements or provisions of any soldier 
upon due proof thereof such person shall pay as a fine 
the sum of forty shillings, and to restore such cloathing 
provisions or acutrements without recompence or pay- 
ment 

And whereas divers persons within this city & county 
do presume to sell strong liquor by retail without being 
duely licenced, for preventing the same it is hereby pub* 
lishd ordaind and declard that from and after the publi- 
cation hereof no person or persons within y® said city & 
county shall by themselvs or others sell or expose to sale 
any strong liquor by retaile under the quantity of five 
gallons without being duely licenced on pain and penalty 
of forfieting for each such offence what is mentioned and 
expressd in an act of* general assembly of the colony of 
New York in that case made and provided 

Given in Albany this 8^ day of November in the 2^ 
year of his majesties reign A. D. 1715 



Att a Comon Councill held at y« City Hall of Albany 
y« 16th day of November 1715 

The Church Wardens of. the Nether Dutch Reformed 
congregation of the said city do make application to the 
Comonalty to have a release for Eight feet of ground in 
breath on the south of the great door of the said church 
and so much in lenth eastward as shall be thought con- 
venient for a porch to be built thereon which request is 
granted nemanicontradictante 



The City Records. 43 

Att a Mayors Court held at the City Hall of Albany 

y« 22th day of November 1715 
The following persons to witt 

Adam Vroman Andries Bartel 

Evert Janze Philip Bartel 

Johan Andries Drpm Jacob Schieffer 

Hans Pieter Heyser David Chierts 

Johannis Rousman Johannis Schiets 

Hans Michall Brack Jacob Schoemaker 

.Pieter Vonk Christophel Hagedorn 

Johan Coenraet Petrie Hend. Ch'l Wiederwax 

• Jacob Bsheere Johan And, Wiederwax 

Peter Smith Hans Adam Schiets 

Hendrick Nies Andries Vink 

David Hoefler Fredrick Kietman 

Jonas Smitt Johannis Beerman 

Johan Joseph Proper Thomas Schoemaker 
Johan Pieter Proper ^ Hans Jury Thomas 
Johan Fred'k Proper * Fredrick Bellinger 
Ananias Tiel 

Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to 
be taken instead of the oaths of alligiance & supremacy 
subscribe the test & make repeat & swear to & subscribe 
y® abjuration oath pursuant to y® directions of an act of 
generall asembly of the coloney of New York entituled 
an act declareing y* all protestants of foreign birth here- 
tofore inhabiting within this colony shall be for ever 
hereafter deemed taken & esteemed to have been natural- 
ized and for naturalizing all protestants of foreign birth 
now inhabiting within this colony. 
To whom certificates are given accordingly 



Att a Comon Council! held in y" City Hall of Albany 
y« 26th day of November 1715 

It is orderd that y^ following persons be appointed fire 
masters for the city of Albany for y® year ensueing who 
are to perform such duty & services as shall be of them 
required in a warrant to them to be directed 



44 Tht City Records. 

First Ward. 
Johannis Wendell Claes Van Woert 

Second Ward. 
Abraham Lansing Dirk Van Schelluyn 

Third Ward. 
Gysb^ Van de Berg Leendert Gansevoort 

Resolved y^ a warrant be directed unto them for that 
purpose 

In pursuance of an act of generall assembly of the 
colony of New York entituled an act for the better 
repairing y^ fortifications of y* city of Albany providing 
their military watches with fire wood and discharging of 
other the public and necessary charges of y® said city 

It is resolved that a writ be directed to y^ assessors of 
y- said city to be and appear in y® City Hall of y* said 
city on y® 28th of this instant at four a clock in the 
afternoon then and there to take their oaths for well 
truely equally and impartially and in due proportion as 
it shall appear to them according to their best under- 
standing to asses and rate on the freeholders inhabitants 
and sojourners of y® said city five hundred y allow pine 
stockados of thirteen foot long and twelve inches thick 
at y® smallest end for fortifying of y^ said city, und to 
deliver a fair estimate thereof under their hands and 
seals in y® clerks office of y* said city on or before the 
3th of December next 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y« City Hall of Albany 

y« 6th day of December 1715 
The following persons to witt 

Jan Luycasse Andries Schiert ' ^ 

Joseph Janse * Wouter Quackenboss 

Did in open court take y® oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
subscribe the test and make repeat and swear to & sub- 
scribe y® abjuration oath pursuant to y® directions of an 



The City Records. 45 

act of generall assembly of y* colony of New* York enti- 
tuled an act declareing y* ail protestants of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting within this colony shall be for ever 
hereafter deemed taken & esteemed to have been natural- 
ized and for naturalizing all protestants of foreign birth 
now inhabiting within this colony to whom certificates 
are given according to y^ directions of y® said act 



Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
y« 16th day of December 1715 

Pursuant to- the resolution of y® Comonalty of the 26th 
November last y^ assessors of y® said city have deliverd 
in their estimates for 500 pitch pine stockados to be 13 
foot long & one inch [foot ?] at y® smallest end 

Resolved y^ notes be drawn out of y® said estimates to 
y® end that y® same be rid on or before the fifteenth of 
January next 

Att a Mayors Court held in y^ City Hall of Albany y® 
3^ day of January 17 If 

Melgert Van Der Pool and Catrin his. wife by John 
Collins their attorney plentives 

Stephanis Van Alen defendant by Philip Livingston 
his attorney 

The following persons to witt 

Johannis Heinex: Johan Hendrick Loucks 

Johannis Kessler Jacob Timmerman 

Johannis Miller Jury Taxstieder 

Jacob Moussier Hans Hendrick Clock 

Johannis Jury Heyn Philip Scheffer 

Baltus Annsbach Harme Sep^edorp 

Hans Jury Moussier Christian Former 

Dewaeld Pryl Symon Herhardt 

Christian Vink Omy de la Grangie 

Johannis Skans Hendrick Jong 
Johan Christ Smit - Tebald Young 
Melgert Volts 

[Annah, vii.] 5 



46 Th$ City Records, 

Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
subscribe the test and make repeat & swear to & sub- 
scribe the abjuration oath pursuant, to the directions of 
an act of generall assembly of the colony of New York 
entituled an act declareing that all protestants of foreign 
birth ];ieretofore inhabiting within this colony shall be for 
ever hereafter deemed taken and esteemd to have been 
naturalizd and for naturalizing all protestants of foreign 
birth now inhabiting within this colony. To whom cer- 
tificates are given according to the directions of the said 
act 



Att a Mayors Court held at y® City Hall of Albany the 

17th day of January 17 If 
Melgert Van Der Poel & Catherina his wife plentives 
Stephanis Van Allen defendant by Philip Livingston 
his attorney 

The following persons to witt 

Hendrick Heydorn Hendrick Michiel 

Jurick Mower Hendrick Michiel Jun'r 

Hendrick Sneyder Anthony Michiel 

Coenraed Barringer Jonas Shinkel 

Johannis Vinger Johan Hendrick Shinkel 

Niccolas Smith William Rees 

Coenraed Smith Claes Van Pettn 

Johan Adam Smith Patron Anders 

Niccolas Smith Johan Jurch Muller 

Hans Hendrick Hoek Johannis Leek 

And. Lod'k Casselman Daniel Janze 

Abraham Berk Jacob Best 

Peter Smit Abrahahi Langer 

Samuel Muller Jacob Bayer 

Philip Loucks Johans Christman 

Michiel Heyntie Harma Betser 

Hendrick Winter David Kesselaer 

Christiaen Lang Jacob Sneyder 

Mathys Coens Johan Wm. Siemon 



The City Records, 



47 



Johan Jurch Shmidt 
Johannis Wm. Pulver 
Peter Clop 
Hans Jurch Row 
Peter Philips 
Niccolas Philips 
Christiaen Haver 
Johan Hend. Plas 
Eiiliaefi Mincklaer 
Josias Mincklaer 
Coenraet Schuerman 
Adam Ding 
Johan Christ. Miller 
Jurich Kelmer 
Christ. Dederich 
Jurich Emrig Scherp 
Peter Stoppelbert 
Niccolas Hes 
Johan Wm. Shoe 
Johannis Shoe 
Martinus Shoe 
Coenraet Ham 
Johan Hend. Plas 
Philips Vingler 
Jury Houck 
Philips Hejpt 
Marte Server 



Johan Jacob Server 
Peter Lautman 
Philip Wm. Moor 
Niecolas Bonnesteel 
Johannis Hes 
Peter Burger 
Johan Casper Rouch 
Johan Willem Dal is 
Hendrick Coenraet 
Baltrus Stiever 
Frans Dompsback 
Jost Hend Dompsback 
Ulrigh Jacobi 
Firdinard Menti 
Martin Tiel 
Fiet Miesick 
Johan Wm. Hambough 
Christiaen Diederigh 
Daniel Buch 
Johan Hend. Buch 
Enrich Bliss 
Daniel Post 
Johan Hend. Post 
Michel Herder 
Peter Betser 
Willem Sneyder 
Hendrick Lodwick 



Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
subscribe the test and make repeat & swear to and sub- 
scribe the abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of 
an act of generall assembly of the colony of New York 
entituled an act declareing that all those of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting within this colony and dying seized 
of any lands tenements & hereditaments shall be for ever 
hereafter deemed taken & esteemed to have been natur- 
alized & for naturalizing all protestants of foreign birth 
now inhabiting within this colony. 



48 The City Records. 

To whom certificates are given according to the direc- 
tions of y® said act ^ 

January 31. — The following persons (to witt) 

Johan Lodolph Corning Philips Bender 

Johannis Scholdies Johan Jacob Besharn 

Hans Jury Stomf Johan Willem Foex 

Johan Harme Spickerman Johannis Coens 

Abraham Loucks Jurch Scherts 

Johan Coenraet Jefback Christian Berck 

Uldrich Dandier Hans Marte Weytman 

Jacob Eswine Fredrick Willem Leer 

Adam Starn Hans Casper Liepe 

Diedrich Loucks Adam Ho ft 

Philip Clom Andries Hoft 

Peter Belinger Lodwick Watiner 

William Nelles Christian Nelles 

Niccolas Eckhar Peter Waggenaer 

Johan Pieter Diegert Johan B. Sterenbergen 

Marten Stiep Adam Kleyn 

Hans Jury Herckhemer Sefreen Deygert 

Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
subscribe the test & make repeat & swear to & subscribe 
the abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of an act 
of generall assembly of y® colony of New York entituled 
an act declareing that all those of foreign birth hereto- 
fore inhabiteing this colony & dying seized of any land 
tenements and hereditaments shall be for ever hereafter 
deemed taken and esteemed to have been naturalizd and 
for naturalizing all protestants of foreign birth now in- 
habiting within this colony. To whom certificates are 
given according to the directions of y® said act 

February 14. — The following persons (to witt) 

Dirck Wessels Ten Broeck Casper Ham 
Uldrich Weyniger Hans Michiel Edich 

Willem Linck Hans Michiel Edich Jr. 

Johan Sneyder Nicpolas Stickling 

Hans Gerhard Weyniger Johan Joest Sneyder 



The City Records. 49 

Johannis Oraet Jacob Eroush 
Jacob Coens Aiccolas Steyger 

Philip Coens Johannis Daet 

Jurich Loundert • Hans Bemhard Daet ^ 
Jurich Reyfenburger Jacob German 

Willem Hagedorn 

Did take the oaths (in open court) by law appointed to 
be taken instead of the oaths of allegiance & supremacy 
subscribe the test and make repeat & swear to and sub- 
scribe the abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of 
an: act of generall assembly of the colony of New York 
entituled an act declaring that all those of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting this colony and dying seized of any 
lands tenemeens & hereditaments shall forever hereafter 
be deemed taken & esteemed to have been naturalized & 
for naturalizeing all protestants of foreign birth now in- 
habiting within this colony. To whom certificates are 
given according to the directions of y^ said act 

February 28, — The following persons (to witt) 

Isabella Staats Johan Pieter Lodwick 

Geertry Isabella Lydyus Jury Mathys 

Maria Adrianata Lydyus Peter Ham 

Hendrick Meyer Johan Adolph Warraven 

Johannis Krems Lawrence Herder 
Jeron Van Flyeren 

Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
subscribe y^ test and make repeat and swear to and sub- 
scribe y^ abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of an 
act of generall assembly of the colony of New York en- 
tituled an act declareing that all those of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting within this colony & dying seized 
of any lands tenements and hereditaments shall be for 
ever hereafter deemed taken and esteemed to have been 
naturalized & for naturalizing all protestants of foreign 
birth now inhabiting within this colony. To whom cer- 
tificates are given according to the directions of the said 

act 



50 The City Records. 

March 13. — The following persons to witt 

Jan Salomonse Abesse Johan Jacob Seybert 

Goe wy Christopher Warnaer 

Michiel Riet Peter Spyes 

Johan nis Moore Johan Peter Baal 

Bastiaen Speykerman Michiel Frymeyer 

Johan Earnest Emegin Jacob Prymeyer 

Johannis Emegin Tennis Sneyer 

Johan Martin Seybert Hans Jury Barner 

Did in open court take the oaths by law appointed to be 
taken instead of y® oaths of allegiance & supremacy sub- 
scribe y® test and make repeat and swear to & subscribe 
the abjuration oath pursuant to the directions of an act 
of generall assembly o£y' colony of New York entituled 
an act declareing that all those persons of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting within this colony and dying seized 
of any lands tenements & hereditaments shall be for ever 
hereafter deemed taken & esteemed to h£^ve been natural- 
ized and for naturalizing all protestants of fbreign birth 
now inhabiting within this colony 

To whom certificates are given according to y® direc- 
tions of y® said act 



Att a Comon Councill held in the City Hall of Albany 
this 13th day of March 17 If 

The Petition of John Dunbar praying a release for a 
small piece of ground- without y® southeast gate of y® s^ 
city being read. Resolved that the same shall be taken 
in consideration 

The Petition of severall inhabitants of the first and 
second wards of this city praying twelve pounds towards 
making a well at the east end of y® Joncker street in y® 
first ward of y® said city being read. Resolved that the 
same shall be taken in consideration 

The Comonalty having taken y® s^ Petition in consid- 
eration and granted that twelve pounds shall be paid out 
of the publick money of the said city towards making of 



The City Ricords. 61 

thp s** well after the wells in the second and third wards 
of y® said city which are ordered to be mad^ be finished 

The petition of Abraham Truex T)f y® said city cooper 
praying the liberty to build a shed or workshop on the 
west end of y® market house in the Joncker street beihg 
read. Resolved y* y® same shall be taken in considera- 
tion 

Whereas Johannis Knickorbocker Lowis Viele Dirk 
Van Veghten Daniel Ketlehuyn Johannis D'Waudlaer 
Corset Vedder and Marte Dellemont who have farmed 
each a farm from the former Comonalty of this city in 
1709 who are obliged by their several! indentures to pay 
each the yearly acknowledgement of thirty seven & one 
half bushells good merchandable winter wheat unto the 
mayor aldermen & comonalty in the months of January 
and February every year for ever after the first day of 
May 1715 whereby one years rent is expired last Feb- 
ruarjp 

And whereas the said tenants take no regard to their s^ 
indentures but delay to pay the said thirty seven & one 
half bushells of wheat 

It is therefore Resolved that Teunis Brat treasurer of 
yc s*^ city be appointed to signifie unto the s'^ tenants that 
they do forthwith come to pay unto him y® said rent of 
thirty seaven and one half bushels of wheat due from 
each of them from y® s^ lands on or before the 15th day 
of April next and on neglect thereof to distrain accord- 
ing to y® instant of y® s*^ indentures 

The Qomonality have at y® request of Peter Ryckman 
sold unto him for y® sume of three pounds a small peece 
of ground scituate lying and being in the said city being 
y* vacancy on y® west of y® lott of ground of Harme & 
Tobias Ryckman on the south of the lotts of William 
Hilton & the said Peter Ryckman on the east of the lotts 
of Major Dirk Wessels Samuel Babington Jan Lahsingh 
and the heirs of Gabriel Thompson and on the north of 
j^ comon land 

Orderd that a release shall be drawn of y® same lott 
of ground that y® mayor shall in behe^lf of y® comonality 



62 The City Records, 

sign the said release and y^ y^ same shall be entered on 
y* public records 

^ Resolved y' y® constable of y® respective wards of this 
city shall give warning to y® inlyibitants of their several 1 
wards that they appear on Wensday next between 10 & 
12 a clock before the aldermen of y® said wards to show 
y® stookados each inhabitant has ride pursuant to y^ last 
assesment on penalty of three shillings for each stocado 
which is not ride as aforesaid 



Att a Mayors Court held at the City Hall of Albany 

the 27th day of April 1716 
The following persons (to witt) 

Andries Hanse Scherpe Adam Dingman 
Adam Meichel Smith Peter Van Olinda 

Symon Hawse 

who did in open court take the oaths by law appointed 
to be taken instead of 3^® oaths of allegiance & supremacy 
subscribe y^ test and make repeat and swear to and sub- 
scribe the abjuration oaths pursuant to the directions of 
an act of generall assembly of the colony of New York 
entituled an act declareing that all those of foreign birth 
heretofore inhabiting within this colony and dying seized ' 
of any lands tenements and hereditaments shall be for 
ever hereafter deemed taken and esteemed to have been 
naturalized & for naturalizing all protestants of foreign 
birth now inhabiting within this colony To whom cer- 
tificates are to be given according to the directions of y® 
said act 



Att a Comon Councill held in the City of Albany the 
28th of March 1716 

Goose Van Schaick Esq'r alderman and Johannis Ten 
Broeck assistant have layd before the Comon Councill a 
draift of y® land called Evert Wendells flatts within y- 
bounds of this city under y® hand of y^ deputy surveyor 
y® §aid surveyor haveing suryeyd y® same as directed 



The City Records. 53 

pursuant to an order of comon councill to them given 
for Samuel Babington gentleman containing in y® whole 
fifteen acres and three rod as by the said survey may 
appear 

It is likewise orderd that the mayor in behalf of the 
comonalty shall give a conveyance of }® same by way of 
indenture reserving to y® city for ever y^ yearly rent of 
three bushels and three pecks good merchantable winter 
wheat yearly for ever the-first payment to commence on 
y« 25th day of March 1721 

Resolved that an ordinance be issued forth that all y^ 
respective inhabitants within this city do severally clean 
the streets from y® dung dust chipps & filth lying before 
their houses or lotts in y® said streets, and that all wood 
& stone except for present building or coopers wood be 
removed out of the s^ streets before y® 15th of April next 
ensueing on penalty of paying for every default after- 
wards by them made the sume of six shillings to y^ use 
of y® sherrif or any constable who shall sue for the same 
and that hereafter if any dung dust chips or filth shall 
be found (on any Saturday after twelve a clock at noon) 
lying in the said streets against the house or lott of any 
person within the said city y' such person shall pay also 
for such default and contempt the like sume of six shil- 
lings to be sued for as afores^ and that hoggs or swine 
belonging to any of y® s'^ inhabitants be ringd with one 
ring in the nose before Saturday night next, and remaine 
ringd from that time, and if the hog or swine of any 
person as aforesaid shall be found not ringd the owner 
of such hog or swine shall pay for every such default or 
neglect the sume of six shillings to the sherrif or consta- 
ble who shall sue for the same 

April 7. — The petition of Johannis De Wandlaer Dirk 
Van Veghten Lowis iPeterse Viele Johannis Knicker- 
baeker Corset Vedder and Marte Dellemont praying to 
have allowance to pay no rent or acknowledgment for 
y® time their quiet and peaceable settlement of y^ lands 
in their possession has been hindered by the enemy w'h 



54 The City Records. 

petition being read the comonalty haveing taken y® same 
into their consideration and do abate unto the said 
petitioners three half years rent for y® lands mentioned 
in their sfevarall indentures foi: y^ years 1715 1716 1718 

Provided they shall pay y® first payment on or before 
y* 21th of this instant and the remainder for y® other 
two half years on the time expressd in their s^ indentures 
for y® paying of y® whole rent and when such payment 
shall be made they shall have a receipt from y® treasurer 
in full for one year 

The persons appointed by the comonality to lay out 
some land within y® limitts or bounds of this city near 
Schaahkook who bring return by a draft from y® deputy 
surveyor what they have layen out 

Whereupon it is resolved y' y® following advertisement 
shall be put up in this city 

AdvertiBemeriA. 

These are to give notice to y® freemen and inhabitants 
of y® city of Albany that on y® 18th of May next in the 
City Hall of y® said city y® comonalty of y® said' city or 
as many of them as shall be present will expose to sale 
by a public vendue to y® highest bidder y® four following 
lotts or parcels of land belonging to y^ said city with 
condition that there shall be paid for ever after the 
expiration of five year one scheple of good merchandable 
winter wheat for every two acres of land 

Two lots of y® said land are scituate and being on y® 
east side of Schaahkooks creek and over against the 
plantation of La Fleur each lott contains forty eight 
acres the whole is bounded party by y' river and a pine 
point on y® east by a small run of water being y® north 
bounds of Schaahkooks patent on y® south and south 
east by y® hill on y® west by Schaahkooks creek to each 
of said lotts is to be added ten acres of wood land being 
a pine point is bound on y® north by y^ river on y® east 
and south by the aforesaid tract of land 

One of y- s** lotts of land consists in two flatts one 
contains thirteen acres begining by a roak which lyes 



Th$ City Records, 55 

on j^ side of Scbaahkooks creek from thence along y^ s^ 
creek to a small run of water, from thence along y® said 
run of water to the hills thence along y® hills to y^ place 
were first begun 

The other flatt contains sixteen acres it begins seventy 
two rodd from y* aforesaid runn of water by a black oak 
tree thence along y® great creek till where y® creek runs 
by y® foot of y® hill thence along the said foot of y® hill 
to y* place first begun to which is to be added thirty one 
acres of y° best wood land which lyes most convenient 
to y® said flatts 

One other lott of land consists also in two flatts one 
contains twelve acres being one English mile distance 
from y® last mentioned flatt begining by a white pine 
tree which stands just upon y® bank of y® river thence 
along y® river to a small run of water thence along the 
said run to a stone bank thence along the said bank to 
y" place where first begun the other peece contains 15 
acres bounded oh y® west by y® river on y® south by a 
run of water on y® east by y® pine woods on y® north by 
two white pine trees to which is to be added thirty three 
acres of y® best wood land which lyes most convenient 
to y® said lott 

May 22. — It is resolved that y® following ordinance 
shall be publishd relating the assize on bread and beer 

By the Mayor Recorder Aldermen & Comonalty of y® 
City of Albany 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas y*" comonalty of y® said city are credibly 
informd that severall bakers within this city do take 
excessive prices for their bread and victualers for beer, 
for y^ preventing whereof it is resolved ^by y® aforesraid 
comonalty that it shall be ordaind publishd and declard 
and it is hereof ordaind publishd and declard that from 
and after y® date hereof or until further order no baker 
or other person within the said city and libertys thereof 
shall receive more for one pound of white bread baked of 
good fine flower to weigh one pound shall be sold for one 



56 The City Records. 

» 

penny half penny and bread of cornel to weigh three 
pound shall be sold fpr three pence on penalty of forfiet- 
ing the bread and be liable to be bound over to the 
sessions and that one pot of good strong beer shall be 
sold for three pence on penalty that the retailer or 
rfetailers do forfiet their lycence 

This day the coraonalty agreed with Jacobus Luycasse 
& Jacob Schermerhorn Jun'r to sett up y^ StcJckados 
where they are wanting about this city which they are 
to square at two sides & scharpe at y® top and to sett 
them three foot in y^ ground which they are to perform 
at or before primo July next for which they shall be paid 
six pence a piece and give bond of £ 1 5 to perform said 
agreement 

Att the request of Philip Livingston in behalf of 
Johannis Dwandlaer y^ comonalty have appointed Job's 
Hansen & Peter Winne to go to Schaahkook at y® charge 
of y® said Dwandlaer to show him where the Mudder 
kill is^ he haveing some dispute with Daniel Ketelhuyn 
who incroaches on his land, which said persons are 
impowered to order y® said Wandlaer to make his fence 
where the said Mudder kill is 



Att a Comon Council, held in the Cittyhall of Albany 
the 19th of June 1716 

By the Mayor Aldermen & Comonalty of the City of 
Albany 

An Ordinance, 

Whereas complaint has been made that severall sold- 
iers of this his majcstys garison.are very much inticed to 
drink especially at unseasonable hours in y^ night where- 
fey .great mischief may issue forth at this juncture that 
y*^ Indians of y? lire nations have had a misunderstanding 
with the said soldiers for preventing of any accidents 
which may happen for the future 

It is resolved y* it shall be ordaind publishd & declard 
and it hereby ordaind publishd and djclard that if any 
victualer retailor or inkeeper who shall entertain or 
sell any liquor to any. soldier or soldiers belonging to 
this garrison, after nine a clock at night, or taptoo 



The City Records. 67 1 

beat shairforfit for every soldier so entertaind as afores*^ 
the sume of six shillings for the behoof the sherrif who 
shall. sue for y® same before any of his majesty s justices 
of y® peace within this city 

Given in Albany the 19th day of June in the second 
year .of his majesties reign Anno Do. 1716 

Orderd that an ordinance be publishd that y® assize of 
white bread made of fine flower to weigh one pound 
shall be sold for one penny half penny, and bread of 
Cornell to weigh three pound shall be sold for three 
pence on penalty of forfieting y® bread and be liable to 
be bound over to y^ sessions and that one pott of good 
strong beer shall be sold for three pence on penalty of 
forfieting their lycenre 

Pursuant to y^ resolution of y® coiiionalty on y"^ 22th 
May last Job's Hansen and Peter Winne then appointed 
to show Johannis Dwandlaer to y® Mudder kill who 
report that they have shown him y® said kill and have 
found the said Mudder kill to be to the eastward of y^ s** 
Dwandlaers house at y® side of the swamp where the s^ 
Dwandlaer has now made his partition fence 

July 4.— ^The comonalty have this day layd out the 
street without y® south gate of y^ said city on the south 
side of y® house of Frederick Myndertse & other lott of 
Sweer Marcelis w^hich street streches up westerly and 
contains in breath twenty three foot and eight inches 
rynlanda measure 

The Comonalty do grant unto Frederick Myndertse to 
build a shop on y® north side of his house of fifteen foot 
in breath and leave six foot between y® said shop and y® 
stockados, for a passage, and he being obliged in time of 
war when y* Comonalty or their successors shall think 
needfull to break down y® said shop 



Att a Comon Councill held in y* City Hall of Albany 

y« 22th of September 1716 
Ordered that by vertue of an act of generall assembly 
of y® colony of New York entituled an act for y^ better 
[AnnaU^ vii.] 6 



58 The City Xicordf, 

repairing of the city of Albany a warrant be directed' 
unto y® assessors of y* said city to appear in the city of 
Albany on y® 25th instant at nine a clock in y® morning 
y' day then & there to take their oaths for well traely 
equally and inpartially and in due proportion as it shall 
appear unto them according to the best of their under- 
standing to assess and rate all & every the inhabitants 
residents & sojourners of y® s** city and deliver such es- 
timate in y® clerks office of the s" city & county on of 
before 29th instant 

The following persons vizj. Job's Cuyler Esq'r recorder 
Hendrick Hansen Johannis Roseboom Abraham Cuyler 
Esqr's aldermen Hendrick "Roseboom Johannis Hansen 
and Job's Ten Broeck assistants are hereby appointed 
a comittee to view & auditt y® accounts of this city & 
bring in their reports on the 29th instant 

Ord^rd that advertizements be put up given notice to 
all persons that have any account or lawfull claim on 
this city to deliver y*' same unto Tennis Brat city cham- 
berlain on or before y® 27th instant 

"Resolved that the street between the house of Jacob 
Lansing and y^ lott of Jacob Visger running up west- 
ward shall be regulated, & also y® street runing between 
the houses of Johannis Mingaels & Arient Pruyn north- 
ward till behind y* lott of y® widow of Jan Dirkse to w'h 
end y® following persons are appointed viz^ JohanAis 
Cuyler Esquire recorder Hendrick Hansen Johannis 
Roseboom Gysbert Marcelis Johannis Ten Broeck and 
Peter "Winne or any three of them, who are to employ 
a surveyor at y® charge of y® said city to lay out the s^ 
streets & the lotts of ground without y® gate late belong- 
ing unto Andries D'Vos and others, and cause a draft to 
be made thereof & make a report of y® same as soon as 
conveniently may be 



City of Albany the 29th day of September 1716 
This day being appointed by the city charter for the 
aldermen of the s*^ city to bring their return of y® alder- 



The City Recerds. 59 

men assistants & constables choisen by y® inhabitants of 
the said clly to serve for the ensuing year who are as 
follows 

First Ward. 

AMermen. Assistants. 

Goose Van Schaick Peter Ryckman . 

Johannis Schuyler Johannis Ten Broeck 

Daniel Hogan Constable 

Second Ward. 
Johannis Roseboom Nicholas Blecker 

Abraham Cuyler Johannis Lansing Jun'r 

Mynd^ Lansingh Constable 

Third Ward. 
Hendrick Hansen Johannis Hansen 

Wessel Ten Broeck Dirk Ten Broeck 

Will Vanden Bergh Constable 

Teunis Brat Chamberlaine 
Mathys Nak High Constable 

The assessors of this city have pursuant to y® warrant 
unto them directed delivered in their estimates in the , 
clerks office of y® said city & county amounting in all to 
£2400 whereon is layd six pence on the pound which 
doth amount to £60 

Orderd that warrants be directed unto y® collector to 
collect y® said sum and pay the same unto Teunis Brat 
city chamberlain on or before the 13th day of October 
next deducting nine pence per pound for collecting y® same 



Att a Comon Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 

y« 14th day of December 1716 
The following persons are appointd to be fire masters 
for y* ensuing year 

First Ward. 
Johannis Beeckman Volkert Dow 

Second Ward^ 
Jocob Bogaert Jun'r Arent Pryn 

Third Ward. 
Isaac Fonda Jacob Miller 



60 The City Records. 

Resolved that a warrant be directed unto y® said fiie 
masters for y* purpose 

Philip Livingston produces a petition of Lowis Viele 
praying the Comonalty to appoint one of their meeting 
to show were the mudder kill is that he may without any 
molestation or hinderance of Daniel Ketelhuyn make 
his fence who he says incroaches on his land because the 
s*^ Ketelhuyn.raises a dispute where y^ ^ mudder is y^ s^ 
petitioner being willing to pay those who shall be ap- 
pointed 

Resolved that Johannis Hansen & Dirk Ten Broeck 
be appointed to show the said petitioner where the said 
mudder creek is y^ he may make his fence without any 
molestation of y® s*^ Daniel Ketelhuyn 

Philip Livingston in behalf of Hendrick Roelofse desires 
y^ y® Comonalty will be pleased to dispose unto him the 
tract of land belonging unto the Corporation lying and 
being over against the farm where Lafluer formerly livd 

Whereupon it resolved that the following two lotts of 
land scituate & being on y® east side of y® Schaahkooks 
Creek over against y^ plantation where Lafluer formerly 
livd each lott containing fortyeight acres thfe whole is 
bounded party by the river and a pine point on the east 
of a small run of water 



Att a Comon Councill held in y^ City Hall of Albany 
y« 15th day of January 171^ 

Conditions whereon the mayor, recorder, aldermen 
and comonalty of the city of Albany design to expose 
to sale at publick vendue to the highest bidder or 
bidders the following two lotts of land scituate, lying 
aud being on the east side of Schaahkooks Creek and 
over against the plantation of Lafleur containing in all 
fourtyeight morgan and bounded part thereof by y^ river 
and by a pine point on the east by a small run of water 
it being the north bounds of Schaahkook on the south & 
south east by the hill on the west by Schaahkooks Creek 
to each of the said lotts is to be added ten acres of wood 



The City Records. 6tl 

land being a pine point is bounded on the north by the 
river on the east & south by y® aforsesaid tract of land 

The farmer of any of the said lotts shall be obliged to 
pay in two payments the money he shall farm any of the 
said lotts for, viz' half thereof primo May next and the 
other half primo May 1718 for which he is to enter 
forthwith in a penal bond and is to pay yearly and every 
year for ever in months of January or February after y® 
month of May 1723 twenty one bushells & three quarter 
good fmerchandable winter wheat for which he is to 
exchange indentures for payment of the said yearly 
acknowledgement, and y® Comonalty shall forthwith give 
a release to the farmer of any of y® said lotts with such 
condition & provisos as y® other tenants of Schaahkook 
have in their indentures, the farmers shall be obliged to 
divide y® s^ lotts at their own charge and pay y® charge 
of writing 

The said two lott of land being put up in vendue and 
no person appearing to bid a reasonable price for y* same 
one of the Comonalty farmd the said lotts and doth by 
consent of y® Comonalty quite his pretention to the same 

The Petition of Corse tt Vedder being taken in consid- 
eration 

Resolved that Wessell Ten Broeck Johannis Roseboom 
Esquires aldermen Johannis Hansen Dirk Ten Broeck 
assistants shall go to Schaahkook with y® surveyor and 
Philip Livingston to measure the land of Daniel Ketel- 
huyn adjoining to y^ said Corsett Vedders land and take 
exact bounderis of y* said Vedders land of which he has 
yet received no release of which they are to make return 
to y® Comonalty as soon as conveniently may be 

The Comonalty have granted unto Bartho Pickard 
his heirs & assigns a lott of ground at the Verrebegh on 
the north side of y® highway over against (or near to 
it) the house of Isaac Valkenburgh for which he shall 
pay yearly two shillings and six pence 

Whereas y® chamberlain of this city complains that 
Caleb Beck of Schinectady is severall year in arrear for 
bis liberty to draw or sell liquor by retaile. Resolved 



62 The CUy Records. 

that he be ordered to make an account how much he is 
in arrear, and that Mr. John Collins be employd to prose^ 
cute the said Caleb Beck in behalf of y® Comonalty 

February 18.-^The indentures between the Comonalty 
of this city and Colo. Killiaen Van Renselaer being read 
concerning his grant unto the inhabitantaand freeholders 
of y® s*^ city & liberties thereof to have free ingress egress 
& regress by themselves or servants to ride cut & carry 
away out of s^ manor of Renselaers wyck from any part 
thereof wood and stone for building fencing fewell and 
matterialls for all uses as they y® said inhabitants and 
freeholders shall have occasion for during the term oft* 
twenty two years ensuing y® feast day of saint Michael 
the Archangell last past for the consideration of ten 
pounds current money of New York and a fatt sheep as 
by the said indentures may at large appear which is ap^ 
provd of 

Resolved by y* Comonalty that the mayor of the said 
city do sign y*^ said indentures in behalf of himself and y^ 
Comonalty of y® said city and orderd y® city scale to be 
thereunto affixed & that y® same be enterd on y® publick 
records of y^ s^ city and county 

March 12.— The Petition of Cornells Van Schelhiyne 
being read praying a grant lor a small piece of ground to 
oome in front with a straight line with y® house of Elbert 
Gerritse and lott of ground of Jan Gerritse, that he may 
build his house regular which is resolved to be taken in 
consideration 



Att a Mayors Court held in y® City Hall of Albany y* 
36th day of March 1717 

The Court opened 

Thomas Williams plentive by John Collins his attorney 

Gysbert Marcelis defendant by Evert Wendell his 
attorney 

The attorney for defendant alledges that y* sumonce 
was not served on y® defendant in due time & therefore 
not obliged to answer 



Th$ City JRicarda. 68 

The Court is opinion that y® same is served according 
to the directions of y® act of general! assembly of y® proT- 
ince of New York in that case made and provided 

April 9. — Thomas Williams plentive by John Collins 
his attorney 

Gysbert Marcelis defendant appears 

April 23.-«Thomas Williams appears by his attorney 
John Collins 

Gysbert Marcelis appears by his attorney Evert Wen* 
dell 

• A Habeus Corpus being produced by defendants att'y 
from the Supreme Court to remove y* said action to the 
Supreme Court in New York the said Habeas Corpus is 
allowed by the court 

— r-P] 

Att a Comon Council held in y« City Hall of Albany 
the 17th of April 1717 

The Petition of the Reverend Mr. Thomas Barclay 
being read desireing to purchase from the Comonalty a 
piece of ground without y* stockados beginning about 30 
or 40 yards on the west of the horse guard blockhouse 
extending from thence to the gate which is at the block* 
house at the Luthren Church thence southerly with a 
straight line on y® corner of y® fence of Johannis Mingael 
leaving a comon road to the place first mentiond 

The Comonalty have taken the said petition in their 

consideration and are of opinion not as yet to dispose of 

' the said ground but that y® said Barclay shall have th^ 

refuzall of a lott of ground at y® sa}d place when they 

shall dispose any there 

May 21.— The petition of Paniel Ketelhuyn being read 
desireing such an abatement of rent as the rest of the 
inhabitants of Schaahkook have been favourd with which 
was granted 

May 22, — Resolved that y* ground on y* plain shall be 
layd out and surveyd in order to be disposed of at a pub* 
lick vendue to j* best advantage and for y® accomodation 
of y® inhabitants of this city, reserving unto Mr. Barclay 

J* refuzall of a lott according to y« resolutiou of Corooa 



64 The City Records. 

Councill dated y* 17th of April last. To which end the 
following persons are appointed a Comittee viz' Wessell 
Ten Broeck Esquire alderman Peter Ryckman and Joh*8 
Lansingh assistants who are to employ a surveyor and 
bring in tlieir report in Comon Councill as soon as con- 
veniently may be 

Resolved y* y® following ordinance be publish relateing 
to the Indian trade 

By the worshipfull Mayor Aldermen and Comonalty of 
the City of Albany 

An Ordinance, 

Whereas severall persons resideing at and near Schin- 
ectady dp make it their business on the arrivall of any 
Indians with their bever and peltry to ryde such Indians 
with waggons to this city who when they arrive exact & 
impose such an extravagent price for ry deing from those 
who are inclined to trade such bever and peltry which 
must consequently if not prevented be a great disadvan- 
tage to the trade for preventing whereof and that y® said 
trade may be fairly managed to the best advantage 

Be it ordaind publishd and declard and it is hereby 
ordaind publishd and declard that no person or persons 
who shall at any time or times hereafter be eraployd by 
any far Indians living beyond our five nations to carry 
them or a,ny of their wives & children their peltry beaver 
or other furs in their waggons from any place in the 
county of Albany shall not bring them or either of them ' 
or their said effects any nigher to the said city than the 
new Indian house which is built .on the hill and there 
unload them with their said effects upon pain of forfieting 
the sum of five pounds lawful! money of New York for 
every far Indian male or female or any of their said 
effects to be carryd in his or their waggons contrary to 
this ordinance to be recovered in any court of record 
within y® said city by bill plaint or information one half 
for behoof of the said city and half for the sherrif or any 
person that shall sue for the same 

Be it further ordaind publishd & declard & it is hereby 



The City Records. 65 

Ordaind publishd and declard that no person or persons 
who shall at any time or times hereafter be employd by 
any of our five nations to carry them or any of their wifes 
and children their peltry beaver or other furs in their 
waggons from any place in tha county aforesaid shall not 
bring them or either of them or their said effects any 
neigher to the said city than 500 yards distance from the 
stockados of y® said city upon pain of forfieting for every 
offence the sum of five pounds money aforesaid for every 
Indian male or female or any of their s^ effects so carry d 
in his her or their waggons contrary to this ordinance 
to be recovered as aforesaid in manner aforesaid for the 
behoof as aforesaid 

Be it also ordaind publishd and declard & it is hereby 
ordaind publishd ^ declard that if any person or persons 
within the said city of Albany shall at any time or times 
hereafter suffer any of y® said far Indians or any of their 
peltry beaver or other furs to remain in his or their 
houses warehouses or shops after sunsett or at any other 
time of the night every person or persons so offending 
shall for every Indian or his or their effects so found 
there after y® time aforesaid forfiet y® sum of five pounds 
current money aforesaid to be recovered as aforesaid for 
the bphoof aforesaid 

And be it further ordaind as aforesaid that it shall & 
may be lawfull for the high sherrif of y^ s^ city & county 
or his deputy or deputys at any time before the hours of 
ten at night to sarch the houses warehouses or shops of 
such persons within the city aforesaid where such fai:, 
Indian or Indians are suspected to be & remain or are 
entertaind after the time aforesaid and finding any such 
Indian or Indians there or there peltry beaver or other 
furs to order the master or mistress of the said house 
warehouse or shop to turn y® said Indian or Indians and 
their said effects out of doors "which if he she or they 
refuze immediately to do and perform such person or 
persons shall forfiet for every such offence over & above y® 
j£5 before mentioned to be paid for eirtertaining or suffer- 
ing any of the s^ far Indians in their houses warehouses 



^ Tht City Rtcords. 

or shops after sunset t as aforesaid the sum of iE5 current 
money aforesaid to be recoverd as afores^ for the behoof 
aforesaid 

And whereas the streets and allys in y® said city are 
stopd up with wood stone timber dirt and filt to the very 
^reat damage of severall inhabitants of y® said city for 
preventing whereof be it ordaind as aforesaid that all 
owners of wood stone & timber which is not to be used 
this ensuing summer shall cause the same to be removed 
out of the said streets & allys at or before 29 of this 
instant on penalty of 20s. and all persons shall remove 
all durt dung & lilt from before his or her doors & lott 
in y® s** city within the time aforesaid on penalty of 20s, 
and for every day .the same shall remain after the 9th 
instant y® sume of six shillings to be recoverd before (he 
mayor recorder or any alderman of y® city aforesaid for 
y^ behoof aforesaid 

Be it further ordaind &c. that if the sherrif his deputy 
or deputies or any person or persons shall compound or 
make up with any person or- persons offended against 
this ordinance for any less or other sum than is herein 
before mentioned shall forfiet for every such offence the 
sum of £ 10 current money aforesaid to be recovered in 
manner aforesaid for the use of any person that shall sue 
for the same 

Given in Albany the 22th day of May in the third year 
of his majestys reign Anno. Do. 1717 



In Comon Councill 
May 3h — Pursuant to y® resolution of Comon Councill 
dated the 22th instant y® comiltee then appointed to 
return that they have surveyd the ground on the plain 
according to y* return of y* surveyor which they do pro- 
duce to y® Comonalty 

August 21. — Resolved that an ordinance shall be pub- 
lishd prohibiteing all Indian trade without the walls of 
this city pursuant to the directions of y® charter of y® s^ 
city and that y® mayor recorder and aldermen do put y® 
saiae in execution 



The City Records. 6T 

By the worshipful! Mayor Aldermen and Comonalty 
of y® city of Albany 

An Ordinance 

Whereas in and by our charter given under y® seale of 
y* province of New York bearing date y® 22th day of July 
1686 for y® consideration therein expressd amongst divers 
other things there is granted ratifyed and confirmed unto 
the mayor aldermen & comonalty of y^ s'^ city for the time 
being: To have hold & enjoy the priviledge preheminence 
and advantage of haveing within their own walls y® sole 
management of y^ trade with all y*^ Indians living within 
and to y® eastward northward and westward of y® county 
of Albany within the compass* of his majestys dominions 
here therein and thereby prohibiting & discharging all & 
every off the inhabitants of the said province (the inhab- 
itants of the city of Albany only excepted) to trade or 
trafique with any of y® five nations of Indians called the 
Sinnekes Cayouges Onnendagos Onneydes and Maquase 
who live to y® westward or with any oth^r Indian or 
Indians whatsoever within the county of Albany or to 
y® eastward northward or westward thereof so farr as his 
s^ majestys dominions here do or may extend or to have or 
keep within their houses or elsewhere any Indian goods 
or merchandize upon y® pain & penalty of y® forfeiture & 
confiscation of such Indian comodities whether the same 
be beaver peltry or other Indian comodities whatsoever 
except Indian com venison & drest deer skins so traded 
for and upon pain & penalty of y® forfeiture & confisca- 
tion of all such Indian goods and merchandi:ie as guns 
powder lead duffells rum and all other Indian goods and 
merchandize which should at any time hereafter be found 
concealed or kept in any house or place without y^ walls 
of y® said city and, within the said county & of y^ limitts 
& boundries therein & herein before sett forth & prescribd 
to be sued for prosecuted & disposed off in such manner 
as therein is particularly sett forth and prescribed 

Be it therefore ordaind publishd and declard and it 
is hereby ordaind publishcland declard that no person or 



68 l^he City Records. 

persons whatsoever within this city & county or without 
the same within y® limitts and boundries aforesaid shall 
trade or traffique with any Indian or Indians for any 
bever or peltry or any Indian comodities without the 
gates of this city except for Indian corn vennison & drest 
deer skins on penalty of forfeiting such Indian comodities 
so traded for as aforesaid as also under penalty of being 
fined for so tradeing att y® discrecon of such court before 
whom y^ same shall be prosecuted so as such fine exceed 
not twenty pounds current money of this country two 
thirds of such fine so to be adjudged to the mayor aldermen 
& comonalty of y^ said city and y® other third to such per- 
son as shall sue for y*^ same 

Bee it further ordaind publishd and declard and it is 
hereby ordaind publishd and declard that no person or 
persons whatsoever within y® s^ city & county or without 
y^ same within y^ limitts and boundries aforesaid shall 
have and keep within their houses or elsewhere without 
y® gates of y® s^ city any guns strouds blankets rum powder 
lead or any other Indian comodities or merchandize what- 
soever on pain & penalty of forfeiting isuch Indian merchan- 
dize and comodities so kept & concealed as aforesaid one 
third part to y^ use of y^ mayor of y® s^ city for the time 
being one third to y® use of y^ mayor aldermen & comon- 
alty of y^ s^ city and y® other third to the person y* shall 
sue for y® same Given in Albany this 21th day of August 
in the fourth year of his majestys reign Ann. Do. 1717 



Albany the 29th of September 1717 

This day being appointed by the charter of this city 

of Albany for y^ aldermen of y® s^ city to bring in their 

return of the aldermen assistants & constables choisen 

by y^ inhabitants for y® ensuing year who are as follow* 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Schuyler Peter Ryckman 

Goose Van Schaick Johannis Ten Broeck 

Joseph Yetts Jun'r 



The City Records. 69 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. AssiBtants. 

Johannis Roseboom Niccolas Bleeker 

Abrahan Cuyler Johannis Lansing 

Cornelis Cuyler 

Third Ward. 
Hendrick Hansen Johannis Hansen 

Wessel Ten Broeck Dirk Ten Broeck 

Johannis Van Sante Constable 

Daniel Hogan High Constable 
Teunis Brat Chamberlaine 



Att a Mayors Court he^d in y® City Hall of Afbany y* 

8th dav of October 1717 • 
Samuel Babington by his attorney John Collins pl'fF 
Arent Vedder defendant by his att'y Philip Livingston 
Samuel Babington by his attorney John Collins pl*iF 
Johannis Visger defendant who appears 



Albany y« 14th of October 1717 
This day beings appointed by the charter of the city 
of Albany for y® aldermen assistants constables & cham- 
berlaine of the ^aid city to be sworn according to the 
return thereof made y® 29th of September last 



Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 
the 5th day of November 1717 

Samuel Babington plentiye by John Collins his att'y 

Arent Vedder defendant Philip Livingston appears 
for him 

Samuel Babington plentive by John Collins his att'y 

Johannis Visger defendant Philip Livingston appears 
for him 

John Mebee plentive by John Collins his attorney 

Danieh Van OUnda defendant 

[Annals, vii.] 7 



7a The City Reeordi, 

Mr. Collins sajs be bas a Warrant of attorney to con^ 
fess judgment 

• 

AFbany the 16th November 1717 
Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq'r was sworn Mayor of 

the city of Albany Clark of y* market of y® s** city and 

Coronor of y® s'* city and county 
Samuel Babington Esq'r sworn sherrife of y^ city and 

county of Albany 

Att a Comon Councill held in the city Hall of Albany 
this sixteenth day of November 1717 

Orderd that an ordinance be publishd prohibiting all 
persons within the county of Albany to sell strong liquor 
-before being first duely lyeenced. 



Att a Mayors Court held in the City of 'Albany this 
19th day of November 17 17 

Samuel Babington plentive by John Collins his att'y 

Johannis Visger defendant by Philip Livingston bis 
attorney who appears for him 

Issue joynd 

Samuel Babington plentive by John Collins his att*y 

Arent Vedder defendant by Philip Livingston his att'y 
who produces a Habeus Corpus to remove this action 
before the Chiefc Justice of this province at the city of 
New York and desires the allowance of this court 

Mr. John Collins attorney for the plentive produces an 
act of Generall Assembly of y* Colony of New York 
enlituled an act ' * that no action shall be removd 
under £'^0 out of any court within this province by 
babeus corpus and therefore y^ court is of opinion that 
the s^ action cant be removd 

Wherefore issue is joynd in the said action 

Jan Mebee plentive by John Collins his attorney 

Daniel Van Olinda defendant 

Mr. John Collins produces the following warrant of 
attorney to confess judgment 



The City Reearii. 71 

To John Collins attorney at law Daniel Van Olinda of 
the precinct of y* Half Moon in y® county of Albany 
yeoman sendeth greeting 
These are to authorize and empower you for me and 
in my name to confess judgment against me at any court 
of record hereafter to be held in this province of New 
York on y* within written bond & surae of money there- 
in conteyned on any action brought or to be brought 
against me on the said within written bond and for so 
doing this Rhaii be your sufficient warrant 

Given under my hand and seale this twelyeth day of 
day of June 1717 

was signed Daniel Van Olinda [ 1. s.] 

Sealed and delivered in the presence of us 

Reter Schermerhoorn 
Philip Verplank 

Pursuant to the said warrant of attorney Mr. Collins 
confesses judgment for £13:4 and the court give judg- 
ment thereupon accordingly with costs of suite 

Ordered that for the future the plentives in- any action 
that shall depend in the Mayors Court in this city shall 
give notice of tryall to the defendant or his attorney 
eight days before such tryall is to be on penalty of being 
nonsuited for his neglect 



Att a Comon Councill held in the City Hall of Albany 

y« ltd day of December 1717 
The following persons were appointed fire masters for 
y* ensueing year 

First Ward. 
' Jan Van Ness Salomon Goewy 

Second Ward. 
Dirk Vftn Scherluyne Christophel Yetts 

Third Ward. 
Johannis Mulder Philip V. Veghteh 

Dec. 3. — It is resolved that the following ordinance 
ghall be published riz^ 



72 The City Records. 

By the worshipful Mayor R'ecorder Aldermeu & Com- 
onalty of the City of Albany 

An Ordinance, 

Whereas seyerall persors for- their own private lucre 
& gaine do daily make great wasts & spoils in the jvoods 
belonging unto y^ said comonalty by cutting masts saw 
logs &a for preventing whereof and preserving the said 
woods 

It is resolved by y^ s^ comonality that it shall be pub- 
lishd ordaind and declard & it is hereby publishd ordaind 
and declard that from and after the publication hereof 
no person or persons whatsoever shall cut ride convey 
or carry away by land or water any masts saw logs or 
other timber out of y*' woods belonging unto y® said 
comonalty to transport sell or convey y® same on penalty 
of being sued for an action of trespasse 

And whereas the streets pavements passages or high- 
ways within this city are very insufficient and out of 
repair, particularly these following viz' the way or pas- 
sage from y® comer of y® houses of the heirs of Major 
Dirk Wesseis deceased & Thomas Wendell till the corner 
of the lott of Jacob Lansingh, the street from y® corner 
of y* houses of Gysbert Marcelis & Abraham Kip till y® 
corner of y* house of Johannis D'Wandlaer & y« lott of 
y® heirs of Johannis Brat deceased from y« corner of y® 
houses of Leend' Gansevoort & Jan Evertse till y® gate 
at y® water side & from y® corner of y® houses of Maritie 
Van Dyck widow & Luycas Wyngaert till y® little gate 
which leads to y® river, from y*' corner of y® houses and 
lotts of the widow of Paulis Van Benthuysen and the 
widow James Parker till y® gate of the burying place, 
and from y® corner of y® -houses of Joseph Tetts & Wm. 
Vanalan to y® corner of y® house & lottof Henry Holland 
the passage from y** corner of y® house of John Schuyler 
£s4*r & y^ house of the heirs of Harme Sievese till the 
Luthren Church; and y* passage from the corner of the 
houses of Maihys Nack & y® heirs of Jurian Van Hose 
till the corner of the brew house of Bastian Visger and 
corner of y^ fence of Mathys Nack 



Th€ CUy Records. . ''^ 

Which.said streets passages or high ways are resolved 
concluded ordaind ordcrd & declard by y^ «aid coinonalty 
shall be sufficiently made & repaird, and they do hereby 
resolve conclude ordain order and declare y' y® owners 
or tenants of y** houses or lotts ot* ground fronting any 
of the said streets passages or highways shall at or be- 
fore y® last day of July next ensueing repair and pave y® 
same with stone each half y** breadth of y* s*^ streets 
passages or high ways the lenth of his her or their bouse 
or lott of ground fronting as aforesaid and that in such 
manner & form as the mayor recorder aldermen & assist- 
ants of each respective ward or the major part of them 
present shall order direct and appoint and y'on pain and 
penalty of 20 shillings for every week (after y* said last' 
day of July) any person shall neglect deny or delay to 
repair pave or make his her or their proportion as afores*^ 
to be recoverd before any of his majesties justices of y® 
peace within y® said city by any persons that shall sue 
for y same 

And be it further ordaind publishd & declard and it is 
hereby ordaiud publishd & declard that the pavement of 
the Rum street and all y® pavements with this city shall 
be sufficiently repaird and made at least eight foot in 
breadth at or before y® s^ last day of July next in such 
manner & form as j® said mayor recorder aldermen and 
assistants of each respective ward or the major part of 
them present shall order direct & appoint who are hereby 
authorized & empowered to order all dirt filt & dung to 
be removed taken up & carryd away and to order the 
taken up & laying of links & spouts within y® said city 
as they shall judge necessary & convenient on y® like 
pain & penalty as aforesaid 

Given in Albany this 3d December in y® 4th year of 
his majestys reign 

The petition of Dirk Van Schelluyne being read desire- 
ing to buy a small piece of ground from y® Comonalty 

Orderd that y® same shall be taken in consideration 

The petition of Daniel Ketelhuyn being- read wherein 
he begs leave to dispose of 23 morgan of land he has 



» 
1^ 



74 Tie City Records. 

farm from a former Comonalty scituate & being on the 
west side of Tamhenicks at Schaahkook, which is 
granted 

Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 
this 28th day of January 17 If 

William Bodgers plentive by his attorney John CoUina 

Adam Hayden defendant appears 

The plentives attorney desires y' y^ defendant may 
give speciall bail being the action is on bond for fourty 
pounds. 

Orderd y' sherrif shall take y* defendant in custody tilt 
he doth glYe speciall baile accordingly 



Att a Court of Sessions held in y« City Hall of Albany 
y« nth day of February 171 J 

William Rodgers plentive by his attorney John Collina 

Adam Hayden defendant who appears 

The plentives attorney moves for judgment by defauU 
against y*^ defendant for not entering his plea according 
to y® rule of this court dated the • day of ' * for 
y® sume forty pounds debt on bond with costs of suites 
which is granted accordingly 



Att a Compn Councill held in y® City Hall of Albany 
y^ llth day of February 17 1 J 

Resolved, that y* mayor Robert Livingston Junior 
Esq*r shall in behalf of the Comonalty sign y® indentures 
for a certain piece of land scituate lying & being on the 
east side of Schaahkooks Creek and over against y^plan-^ 
tation of Lafluer containing in all forty eight morgan & 
is hounded part thereof by Hudsons Kiver and by a pine 
point of land & on y® east by a small run of water being 
y® north bounds of y® patent of Schaahkook on y® south 
east by the hill on the west by Schaahkook Creek and 
also ten morgan of land which being intended for a hoof« 
stead and is bounded on y* north by y® river on y* east 



Th$ City JBecorf*, 75. 

• 

& south by y^ afoi?esaid tract of land unto Lowis Veilo 
and Isaac Ouderkerk each an equal half thereof for the 
aum of JC3& and y® yearly acknowledgment of twentyone 
bushells and three quarters winter wheat after y^ first of 
May 172-4; to be paid in the months of January or Febru- 
ary, and that y® mayor doth cause the city scale to b^ 
thereunto affixed and y® same to he entered on y® publicly 
records 

Whereas Johannis Ijansingh has requested the Comon< 
alty for a release of a certoin small piece of ground scit<i 
nate lying & being on y® east of the lott of the heirs of 
JHendrick Van Dyck deceased containing in breath to th^ 
lane which leads to the water side twcntyfive inches and 
running in lenth easterly slanting till it comes to nothing 
on which small piece of ground part of the said Johannia 
liansingha hou^e is now built which request is granted & 
resolved that Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq*r mayor shall 
an behalf of y^ Oomoaalty sign a release for y® said piece 
of ground for the consideration of forty shillings, and y^ 
y^ city scale shall be thereunto afixed and the same bo 
enterd onr the publick records 

Resolved that the following ordijiance be made and 
published : 

By the Worshipfull Mayor Recorder Ald^rmea apd 
Comonalty of y® City of Albany 

^7i Ordimnce^ 

Whereas complaints have been made that several) per* 
sons for their private lucre & gain doe buy and take in 
pawn of y® soldiers of his majesties establishd companies 
in this garrison their cloathing and accutrements by 
which means thay are rendered incapable of doing their 
duty and are often inveigled to drink to excess wee doe 
therefbre hereby strictly prohibite the buying receivings 
or detaining any cloathing or accutrements belonging to 
any soldier or soldiers of this garrison, and if any person 
or persona do after the publication hereof presume to 
Ruy or take in pawn any such cloathing or accutre^ 
meuta of any soldier upon due proof thereof before any 



n The Ciiy Records. 

of his majestys justices of y^ peace such person or per- 
sons shall forfiet as a fine the sum of fifteen shillings and 
y* cloaths to be restored without recompence or pay- 
ment 

And whereas severall soldiers of said garrison are very 
much inticed to drink especially at unseasonable hours 
in y" night by which great mischief may issue forth f »r 
preventing whereof 

It is ordaind publishd and declard and it is hereby 
publishd ordaind & declard that if any victualer retailer 
or inkeeper who shall entertain or sell any liquor to any 
soldier or soldiers belonging to y® said garrison after nine 
a clock at night or taptoo beat shall forfiet for every sol- 
dier so entertaind as aforesaid the sume of six shillings 
for y® behoof of y® sherrif or any other person that shall 
sue for y® same before any of majestys justices within this 
city 

February 15. — The petition of Obediah Coeper of this 
city baing read praying to purchase a small lott of ground 
belojiging to y" Comonalty lyino: on y® south side of this 
city between y® lott of Mathews Flensburgh & horse guard 
blockhouse which y® Comonalty have granted and orderd 
that y'' same shall be measured and have agree that he is 
to pay for y® said lotts twenty eight pounds 

March 22. — This day y® Comonalty have taken up y* 
accounts due from this city to sundry persons as appears 
by a list & order given on y^ chamberlaine Teunis Brat 
amounting to £ 1 1 6 : 1 : 9| 

Resolved that y^ street between y® bouse of Jacob 
Lansingh and y^ lott of Jacob Visger running up west- 
ward shall be regulated & also y^ street running between 
the houses of Johannis Mingael and A rent Pruyn north- 
ward till behind y® lott of the widow of Jan Dirkse to 
which end Johannis Cuyler Esq'r recorder Hendrick 
Hansen Johannis Roseboom Esd*s aldermen Johannis 
Hansen and Nibcolas Bleecker assistants are appointed 
a committee to imploy a surveyor at y® charge of this 
city to lay out y® said streets and y® lotts of grounds 
without y® gate late belonging to Andries D'Vos Harme 



The City RecardB. TT 

J&nze Mettselaer & others & cause a drauft to be made 
thereof and make report of y® same to this comonalty as 
soon as conveniently may be 

Resolved that Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor 
shall on behalf of the Comonalty of the said city sign a 
release unto Obediah Coeper for a lott of ground scituate 
lying and being on y^ south side of y® s^ city for y® con- 
sideration of i£28 and ordered y^ scale of y® said city be 
thereto affixed and the same to be entered on y^ publick 
records. ^ 

Resolved also that Robert Livingston Junior Esquire 
mayor shall on the behalf of the Comonalty of the said 
city sign a release unto Mr. Thomas Barclay of the city 
of Albany li^inister for a certain lott of ground scituate 
lying and being on the south side of y^ s^ city without y® 
stockados near y® Luthren blockhouse fronting towards 
the hill, and on a line with the corner of the pasture of 
Johannis Mingael containing in breath towards y® li'l 
six rods & in length nine rods for which he is to pay forty 
eight pounds 

Orderd that the scale of the said city to be thereto 
affixed and y® same to be enterd on y^ publick records 



Att a Comon Councill held in the City Hall of Albany 
y« 18th day of April 1718 

The comittee appointed on y^ 15th of January 17 If 
report that they have caused y® land of Daniel Ketelhuyn 
adjoining to y« land of Corsett Vedder and taken exact 
boundaries of y® said Vedders land as may appear by y* 
s** report dated the 16th of this instant and that they are 
of opinion y* y® s^ Corset Vedder may be granted a new 
release according to s*^ boundaries taken he surrendring 
first his claim to y® land he has inserted in his release 

Whereupon it isj'esolved that y* said Corset Vedder 
shall be granted a new release according to y^ aforesaid 
report he releasing first his claim to the land in his pos- 
session and orderd y^ s'^ clerk to draw the said indentures 

The said comittee have also shown Lowis Viele wtu;re 



7S The City Recordi. 

the Madder kill is which is on the south side thereof 
where they have caused trees to be marked 

The petition of Maria Brat widow of Johannis Brat 
deceased being read praying for an abatement of the 
heavy acknowledgment which is on the land in her pos- 
session, and also a release for a small spott of ground 
on the east of Tamhenicks creek above the bridge as 
may be sufficient for a hoftstead 

The comonality have taken the said petition in con- 
sideration and granted her the land aboye the bridge to 
contain about three or four acres be it some what more 
or less to be bounded on the south by Tamhenicks creek 
on the north by the road keeping one rodd from the said 
road to near the gully thence to the land of the s*^ Maria 
Brat thence along her land to the said creek, orderd y^ 
a release be drawn for the same 

April 26. — The petition of Thomas Barret desiring to 
purchase a lott of ground within this city being read, & 
resolved that the same be taken in consideration 

The petition of Abraham Lansing praying to purchase 
a piece of vacant ground on the north of this city, and 
o.i the north of the lott of Johannis Roseboom Esq*r to 
contain thirty foot in breadth in the front & rere and in ' 
length as the lott of the s^ Roseboom 

Resolved the same shall be taken in consideration by 
councill and thereupon agreed with the said Abraham 
Lansing for the said lott of ground to pay for the same 
thirty pounds in two equall payments lifteea pounds at 
receiprof the release and the remaining fifteen pounds 
a year afcer receipt, and have orderd y^ the release for 
the s^ grond shall be drawn and y' the mayor shall sign 
the same in behalf of the Comonalty and affix the city 
seale thereto and that the same shall be entered into y® 
publick records 

The petition of Jacob Boeckman being read praying 
to purchase a lott of ground on the north of the lott of 
Johannis Cuyler Esq'r which is referred to future con- 
sideration 

July 12. — The Comonalty have pursuant to their former 



The City Records. 19 

resolutions sold & granted unto the Rev^ Mr. Thomas 
Barclay of the city of Albany minister a certain lott of 
ground seituate lying & being on y® south side of y® said 
city without y® stockados near to y® Luthren blockhouse 
fronting towards y® hill and on a line with y® corner of 
the pasture of Johannis Mingael containing in breadth 
towards y^ hili six rodd & in length eastward nine rodd 
for which the said Thomas Barclay is to pay y« sume of 
foftyeight pounds in three equal! payments that is to say 
sixteen pounds at the receipt of y® release and sixteen 
pounds in July next & the remaining sixteen pounds in 
July 1719 

^ - -- 

Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 
the 15th day of July 1718 

The petition of Symon Danielse being read desireing 
liberty to build and errect a small griss mill on a smail 
creek to the south of his land which is referd to further 
consideration 

The petition of Anthony Van Schaick of this city 
being read desireing to purchase a small spot of ground 
^ithin this city on y® west of y® lott of ground of Luy- 
case Hooghkirk which is referd to further consideration 

July 29. — William llogan plentive who appears 

Fredrick Myndertse defendant:* Mr. Collins appears & 
produces a warrant of Attorney to confess judgment on 
a bond of twenty pounds, dated the 13th day of May, 
1717, against him the s** Fredrick Myndertse which 
warrant of attorney bears date the 19th day of June, 
1718. 

The court gi^e judgment for ten pounds with the in- 
terest and costs of suite * 



Att a Comon Councill held in y* City Hall of Albany 
y«8th day of August 1718 

Whereas an ordinance made by y® s^ mayor aldermen 
and comonalty publishd on the 3d day of December last 
past relateing paveing and repairing of the streets and 



80 The City Records. 

alleys within this city is expird by its own limitation, 
and sundry persons not being able to pave and repair 
the same within the time therein Jimitted 

It is therefore hereby ordaind pubiishd and declard y' 
y® above recited ordinance shall be in force untill the 
15th day of September next ensueing as if y* several 
clauses and penalties where herein particularly mentiond 
and containd any thing herein containd to the contrary 
hereof in any wise notwithstanding 

Johannis D*Wandlaer of Schaahlcook appears in Com- 
on Councili acquaints y^ comonalty that he has sold his 
land at Schaahkook to Daniel Ketelhuyn for two hund- 
red and forty pounds but being oblidgd by indenture to 
give y® comonalty the refuzall thereof which he now 
doth give unto them 

The comonalty having taken the same unto consider- 
tion do resolve to take unto themselves y® s** land of y* 
8^ Johannis D*Wandlaer at Schaahkook aforesaid on 
such conditions and payments as he had made with the 
8^ Ketelhuyn for y® s' land which was to pay £120 the 
first of May 1719, and £120 y« first of May 1720, for 
which sums y* comonalty have given bonds and y® said 
D'Wandlaer released his claim to y® s^ land 

The petition of Isaac Van Valkenburgh being read 
praying a lease for eight morgan of land at y® Verre- 
bergh for y® term of 31 years commencing the first day 
of April last & ending y® first day of April 1749 paying 
therefore yearly after May 1721 two skeple of winter 
wheat and & a couple of fatt hens & to clear y® s** eight 
morgan & deliver the same in a good fence 

The mayor aldermen & comonalty having taken the 
Petition of Isaac Van Valkenburgh into consideration, 
w hich they have granted, and order y' a lease be drawn 
accordingly. 

The Petition of Jacob Visger being read, praying Li- 
berty to remove some Stockados to build a house on his 
1-ott of ground situate lying and being in y® said City on 
the west of the mainguard blockhouse, which Petition is 
Resolved to be referred till further consideration. 



The City Records. 81 

Sept. 15.— It is Kesolved by the Comonality, that a 
gutter shall be made above y^ English Church by the In- 
habitants of this City to be orderd by the Surveyors of 
y** highways of this City, at or before primo October 
next. 

Albany the 29th September 1718 

This day being appointed by the charter of this city 
for the aldermen of the respective wards to make return 
of the aldermen assistants and constables choisen for the 
ensuing year who are as follows viz' 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Myndert Schuyler Johannis Ten Broeck 

Goose Van Schaick Jacob Lansingh 

Lamb' Radlif Constable 

Second Ward. 
Johannis Roseboom ^ Niccolas Bleeker 
Abraham Cuyler Johannis Lansing 

Arent Pruyn Constable 

Third Ward. 
Hendrick Hansen Elbert Gerritse 

Johannis Pruyn David Schuyler 

Johannis D. Garmoy Constable 

Johannis Van Sante High Constable 
Teunis firat Chamberlain 



Att a Mayors Court held in the City Hall of Albany 
y*^ 7th day of October 1718 

John Hogan plentive by Evert Wendell his attorney 

Thomas Barclay defendant John Collins his attorney 
appears for him 

The defendants attorney desires that y* write may 
abate since the plentive has enterd his action in the 
name John Hogan instead of Jurjyaen* Hogan which y* 
court have taken in consideration & do grant accordingly 

[♦George.] 

[ Annals f vii,] S 



82 Tht City R$cord$. 

Att a Comon Council held in y« City Hall of Albany 
y« 13th day of October 1718 

Pursuant to the resolution of the comonality on the 
18th day of April last a new release according the 
Report of y\Comittee for Corsett Vedder being drawn 
& read in Comon Councill, and orderd that the same 
shall be now signed by the mayor in behalf of the com- 
onalty and y^ the city scale shall be thereto affixed and 
the same enterd in the publick records of the said city 
The said Corsett Veeder having released first his claim 
to the land in his poss'ession 

»The Comonalty have granted unto Simon Danielse his 
heirs and assigns for ever a certain small Creek on the 
south side of his land to build a griss mill thereon pro- 
vided he grinds no wheat for bouiting except y® same be 
boulted within the city 'of Albany fipr which he is to pay 
yearly after January 1724 six skeple wheat yearly 

Daniel Ketelhuyn gives tHe comonalty the refuzall of 
seven morgan of land which he has sold unto Peter Winne 
the Comonalty give him leave to dispose of the same 



Att a Mayors Court held in y^'.City Hall of Albany y' 
18th day of November 1718 
Jurian Hogan by Evert Wendell his attorney plentive 
Thomas Barclay by bis attorney John Collins defend' 
Vincent Mathews by Evert Wendell his attorney 
plentive 

John Burk by his attoritey John Collins defendant 
December .2. — Vincent Mathews by Evert Wendell his 
attorney plentive t 

John Burk by his attorney John Collins defendant 
The defendants attorney desires a nonsuit against the 
plentive for not delivering a copy of the note mentioned 
in his declaration to the defendant or leaveing in the 
clerks office according to the law in that case made and 
provided 

The plentives attorney affirms y® defendant n^yer de- 
manded of y® note or writing mentioned in his declaration 



The City Records. 83 

and therefore prays judgment against tha defendants 
with costs of suit 

The court having taken y^ same in consideration and 
are of opinion y^ y® plentire shall be nonsuited and pay 
y^ costs of suit and he is hereby nonsuited accordingly 



Att a Gomon Councill held in Albany the 6th Decern- 

ber 1718 
The comonalty have this day appointed the fo^llowing 
persons to be fire masters for the year ensueing (viz^) 

Harme Ryckman Daniel Flensburgh 

Warnaer Van Yvere Jurian Hogan 

Teunis Eghbertse Johannis Van Oostrande 

Orderd that a warrant shall be directed unto- them to 
perform that office 

' The following persons are appointed to be comittee to 
view and examine the accounts of this city viz' Myndert 
Schuyler Johannis Roseboom Esq*s aldermen Niccolas 
Bleecker & David Schuyler assistants who are to bring 
in their report att or before y® 18th instant 

December 9. — Resolved that an ordinance shall be 
published prohibiting all Indian trade without y^ walls 
of this city pursuant to y* directions of y* charter y® s* 

city is as follows 

» 

By the worshipfull mayor recorder aldermen and com- 
onalty of y® city -of Albany 

An Ordinance 

Whereas in & by our charter under the seale of the 
province of New York bearing date the 22th day of July 
1686 for the consideration therein expressed amongst 
divers other things there is granted ratifyed and con- 
firmed unto the mayor aldermen & comonalty of y* said 
city for the time being To have hold & enjoy the privil- 
edge preheminence & advantage of haviilg within their 
own walls the sole management of the trade with the 
Indians liveing within & to the eastward northward and 



84 The CUy Records. 

westward of the county of Albany within y* compasse of 
his majestys dominions here therein & thereby prohibite- 
ing & dischargeing all & every of y^ inhabitants of the 
said province (the inhabitants of the city of Albany only 
excepted) to trade or trafique with any of y® five nations 
of Indians called the Sinnekes Cayonges Onnonndages, 
Onneydes, & Maquase who live to y*' westward or with 
any other Inditin or Indians whatsoever within y® county 
of Albany or to y® eastward northward and westward 
thereof so far as his said majesties dominions here do or 
may extend, or to have or keep within their houses or 
elsewhere any Indian goods or merchandize upon penalty 
of y® forfeiture & confiscation of such Indian comodities 
whether the same bfe bever peltry or other Indian como- 
dities what soever except Indian corn venison and drest 
dear skins so traded for« and upon pain and penalty of 
y^ forfieture & confiscation of all such Indian goods and 
merchandize as guns powder lead duffels rum and all 
other Indian goods & merchandize which should at any 
time hereafter be found concealed or kept in any house 
or place without y® walls of y® said city and within y* s* 
county and other y® lunitts and boundaries therein and 
herein before sett forth and prescribed to be sued for 
prosecuted & disposed off in such manner as therein is 
particularly sett forth and prescribed 

Bee it therefore ordaind publishd and declard and it is 
hereby ordaind publishd and declard that no person or 
persons whatsoever within this city and county or with- 
out the same within the limitts and boundries aforesaid 
shall trade or trafique with any Indian or Indians for 
any beaver or peltry or any Indian comodities without 
the gates of this city expect for Indian corn venison and 
drest deer skins on penalty of for fieting such Indian com* 
odities so traded for to be taken & sued for by y® sherrif 
his deputy or deputys as also under penalty of being fined 
for so tradeing att the discretion of such court before 
whom the same shall be prosecuted so as such fine exceed 
not twenty pounds current money of this country two 
thirds of such fine so to be adjudged to the mayor alder- 



The CUy Records. - 85 

men and comonalty of y« said city and the other third to 
y^ sherrif his deputy or deputys or such persons as shall 
^sue for y* same 

Be it further ordaind publishd aiid declard and it is 
hereby ordaind publishd and declard that no person or 
persons whatsoever within y® said city and county or 
without y® same within y^ llmitts and boundaries afores^ 
shall have and keep within their houses or elsewhere 
without y^ gates of y^ said city any strowds blankets 
rum or any other Indian comodities or merchandize 
whatsoever on paki and penalty of forfieting such Indian 
comodities or merchandize so kept and concealed as 
aforesaid to be taken & sued for by y® sherrif his deputy 
or deputies one third part to y* use of y® mayor of y* sfi 
city for y« time being one third part to the use of the 
mayor aldermen & comonalty of y** s^ city and one other 
third to y® sherrif his deputy or deputys who are to sue 
for y® same 

Given in Albany the 9th day of December in the fifth 
year of his majesties reign Anno. Do. 1718 



(86) 



NOTABLE W OMEN OF OLDEN TIMES. 



From D. T. Yalentine^s Manual of the Common Cooncil of 
New York, 1855, p. 517, et seq. 



Elizabeth Van Es, 

The daughter of Cornelius Hendriksen Van Es, 
magistrate at Albany. When Elizabeth grew up to 
woman's estate, she married a joung man named 6er- 
rit Bancker. a trader at that plaee. The weddings, 
ift those days, were scenes of great festivity, and 
gathered a company from miles around, and one unfor- 
tunate youth* named Oryn Cornelisen, while on his 
way to the hon^e of the bride (it was in the early spring 
of 1643) and conveying some of the guests over the Hud- 
son river on the ice, with a double team and sleigh, the 
ice gave way, and the whole party were immersed. By 
the gallant exertions of the young men the girls were 
rescued, but the horses were carried uiider the ice, and 
were drowned. The record states that the party were 
in a sad plight on arriving at the festival. After the 
decease of her husband, Mrs. Bancker removed with her 
family to New York, where she opened a store on her own 
account. She resided there until her death, which took 
place in 1694, at the age of about seventy years. The 
inventory of her effects is worth preservii]g, as showing 
the personnel of a first rate lady of ancient times in New, 
Amsterdam. After enumerating a large quantity of store 
goods and a share in a brigantlne, we find, one negro boy 
named Toby, two bands of seawant (Indian belts), two 
breast plates of seawant, one Bible with silver clasps^ 



Notable WomiTh of 01dm Tim$s. 87 

one silver tankard, one silver becker, one silver mustard, 
three gold hoop rings, two gold rings with stones, one 
hundred and three beaver skins, eighteen otters, twenty- 
three martins, nine fishers, eight minks, two cats, eight- 
een water-rats, forty-nine hespannen, nine grey squirrels, 
one red squirrel seven bear skins, one wolf skin, one 
beaver rok, two Dutch Bibles, one small Bible with sil- 
ver clasps, one New Testament with silver clasps, two 
Catechisms, one Isaac Ambrosius, one House-wife, one 
Horim's Church History, one French Flock of Israel, 
one Coleman's Christian Interest, three Christ's Ways 
and Works, one De Witt's Catechism, two Dyken'a 
Church History, &c. 

Helena Teller, 

A daughter of William Teller, merchant, at Albany* 
This gentleman was one of the pioneer traders of the 
New Netherlands, having first commenced as an itine- 
rant fur trader, and finally, after his marriage, became 
settled at Albany as a general storekeepe/. 

Helena was one of his daughters by his first wife» 
and married a young Frenchman named Francois Rom- 
bouts, who having come to New Netherlands in 1654» 
as supercargo of a merchant vessel, met with some mis- 
fortune that prevented his return, and he established 
himself in New Amsterdam as a merchant. He became 
successful in business, and was for some years a magis- 
trate in that city. In 1679 he held the office of mayor. 
Mr. Rombouts resided on the west side of Broadway, 
below Rector street, on property formerly occupied by 
Paulus Leendersen Yandiegrist, embracing a large garden 
and orchard. He died in the year 1691, leaving his 
widow and an only daughter. His widow survived him 
some year?. Her father, the venerable William Teller, 
Sen., died in the year 1701, at an advanced age. Some 
familr difficulties between the children of the first and 
second wives of Mr. Teller bad occasioned him much 
domestic trouble^ 



^ NaaUe Women of Olden Times. 

Johanna De Laet, 

A daughter of Johannes De Laet, a merchant in 
Holland, and one of the four original proprietors of the 
colony of Rensselaerswyk, married first Johannes De 
Hulter, in Holland, and, secondly, Jeronimus Ebhing, 
whom she accompanied to this country. Ebbing was 
a man of property, and conducted an extensive trade 
between this and the fatherland. His place of residence 
was on the Brouwer straat, in New Amsterdam, in 
1674 his wife sold all her right and claim as heiress of 
Johannes De Laet, to the colony of Rensselaerswyk for 
the sum of five thousand seven liundred and sixty- two 
florins or two thousand three hundred and one dollars, 
which debt was discharged by the transfer to her of 
certain bouweries and lands, which were deemed an 
equivalent. This lady was proprietor, among other 
tracts, of the weyland'or pasture lying between the third 
and fourth kills, now called on the map of the city of 
Albany Rutten and Fox creeks. About the year 1675, 
Mr. Ebbing removed his residence to Esopus, now Kings- 
ton, where, it is believed, both himself and the subject 
of this sketch lived during the rest of their lives. Tliis 
couple were among the most distinguished supporters of 
the church, and the society in that era owed much to 
t heir example in this respect. 

Katrijn Roelofs. 

This lady was the daughter of the famous Annetje Jans 
by her first husband, Roelof Jansen. 

Kaatje was not born in this country, but came hither 
with her parents in 1630, when still a child. She lived 
for a time near Albany, and shortly after removed to 
New York, where she resided until near the close of the 
century. Her advanced age, towards the close of her 
life, made her an oracle in respect of events of the olden 
time. She could remember when the habitations of the 
town, with the exception of two or three buildings, were 
no better than temporary shanties, or the rude huts of 



Notable Women of OUtn Times. 89 

the Indians. She recollected the old Indian war of 1641, 
and events several years preceding, Katrijn was married 
to Johannes Van Brugh, a respectable merchant, with 
whom she passed half a century of domestic happiness. 
Soon after their marriage the couple established their 
residence on the outskirts of the town, on th^ present 
Hanover square, where they lived until taken away by 
death. The present open space called Hanover square, 
then lay along the river shore, and was still occupied by 
several of the primitive trees of the forest, which were 
permitted to stand for many years, casting their broad 
shadows over the handsome green. There the Indians 
came to camp on their visits to the city, and the market 
wagons rested from their journeys under the cooling 
shade. 

Annetje Jans. 

Every«one has heard of the name of this lady, whose 
fame has penetrated to many a hearth-stone, bearing 
visions of unbounded wealth to any quiet family, whose 
pedigree can be traced through two or three generations 
back in this city To count up those' who in their imag- 
ination represent untold wealth as the descendants of this 
famous lady, would be an impossibility. iVnnetje Jans 
was the widow of Dominie ^ogardus, the first clergyman 
of New Amsterdam, who arrived in 1633. 

He married this lady some years after his arrival, she 
being then called Annetje Roelofs; she was the widow of 
Roelof Jansen, one of the earliest settlers; at the time of 
her marriage to Dominie Bogardus, Annetje Jans, or 
Roelofs, had four children, the issue of, her former mar- 
riage, and by the Dominie she subsequently had also four 
children. The farm about which this controversy has 
been so long sustained, embraced about sixty-two acres, 
which were granted to Roelof Jansen, in the year 1636; 
upon his death it passed to his widow, and after her 
marriage with the Dominie it commonly went by the 
name of the Dominie's bou wery. It extended from a line 
a little south of the present Warren St., north-westerly 



90 Notable Women of Olden Times. 

about a mile and a half, to what is now Christopher 
street, forming an irregular triangle, having its base on 
the river, running, however, on Broadway only from 
Warren to Duane street. Dominie Bogardus embarked 
on the ship Princess, on a visit to the fatherland, in the 
year 1647, and the vessel being cast away, the Dominie 
with about eighty others perished. The widow continued 
her residence in New York, and in 1654, thegrant of the 
farm was confirmed to her and her heirs by Governor 
Stuyvesant, and subsequently in 1667, after her death, 
it was confirmed by the English government (which had 
then recently come into possession of the province) to 
her heirs. Itappears that in 1670, the vendue master 
of New York sold by order, and for the account of the 
heirs of Anna Bogardus, deceased, a part of this property 
consisting of land and .meadow lying on the north of 
Mespath*3 kill (above Canal street), commonly called 
Dominie^s hook; John Sharpe became the purchaser at 
7,950 florins; Sharpe afterwards refused to ratify on 
account of some- alleged flaw in the title, and the sale 
■ was never carried through. 

In the following year William Bogardus for himself and 
brothers, Jan and Jonas, and two of Annetje Jans^s sons- 
in-law (acting in the' right of their wives, and by an 
assignment of Peter Bogardus) conveyed this farm, to 
Colonel Francis Lovelace, the Governor of New York. 

One of the sons (Cornelius) did not join in the convey- 
ance, and it is alleged that his heirs are entitled to a 
share of the -property. In 1705, the farm (then called 
the King's Farm) was leased by the colonial authorities 
to Trinity Church, who have since remained in possession 
and enjoyed the income of the property which is immense, 
being in the best parts of the city. The ground recently 
taken on behalf of the heirs, is not simply as the repre- 
sentatives of the son Cornelius, but upon the ground that 
whatever title the Colonial Government took from the 
heirs, became vested after the Revolution, in the people 
of this state; to place the matter in a situation which 
maiy benefit the heirs, legislative action has been invoked 



Koiabh Women of Olden Times. ^1 

and the matter is now again pending in the supreme 
court of New York. 

To return to the personal affairs of the subject of this 
sketch, it appears that she was a lively person, and as 
scandal concerning the great ones of those days was 
much in vogue, this lady was not without being assailed 
by its shafts; though they fell harmlessly before her. 

Lysbet Van Voorhuydt, 

Daughter of Cornelius Segars Van Voorhuydt, of Castle 
Island near Albany. Forming an attachment for a young 
French trader who visited Albany on his peregrinations 
among the Indians, she married him against her parents' 
consent, and was renounced by her family. She left her 
home, and her husband, Francis Boon, after accumulating 
somemone}, established himself in the mercantile line 
in New Amsterdam, his place of business being on the 
West side of Broadway, opposite the present Bowling 
Green. He became a man of wealth, and af\er some 
years' residence there, removed to the West Indies, 
where this lady died. Her parents had cut her off Uith 
a shilling, but her own affluent circumstances, before her 
death, had rendered their vindictiveness a matter of in- 
difference in a pecuniary point of view. 

Gkertruyd Schuyler. 

This lady, a native of Albany, and inheriting the spirit 
of one of the leading citizens of the time, married Ste- 
phanus Cortland. She came prominently before the 
public in the time of the Leislerian troubles, at the com- 
mencement of which her husband was mayor of New 
York. The rerolutionists having ordered a popular elec- 
tion of city officers, and chosen a body friendly to their 
cause, the latter found themselves without any of the 
municipal paraphernalia, such as the city record, seal, &c. 
as Van Cortland, in whose custody they were deposited, 
had baen compelled to escape from the city, to avoid a war- 
rant which had been issued against him by Lcisler. It 
was understood, howerer, that the public property in 



92 Notable Women of Olden Times. 

question was still at his house, and a committee was 
appointed to wait on Madam Van Cortland, to procure 
the delivery of this property. She received them respect- 
fully, but declined giving up any thing left with her by 
her husband. The sergeant-at-arms was then directed to 
make an official visit to her ladyship, but he was received 
in a more cavali&r manner, by having the doors shut in 
his face. • A great commotion now ensued, between the 
revolutionists and Madam Van Cortland, and all sorts of 
threats were held out before her, but the lady triumphed 
in spite of all her opponents, and gained great honor in 
her own party by her heroic defence of their cause. 

Machtelde Willemsen. 

In 1642 this lady accompanied her husband, Dominie 
Johannes Megapolensis, to New Netherland, whither he 
was sent in the quality of a clergyman of Rensselaerswyk. 
This lady was, at that time, forty-two years of age; her 
husband thirty-nine. Their children, Hillegond, Dirrick, 
Jan and Samuel, accompanied them. The family remained 
at F(Jrt Orange, or Albany, for several years; but madam, 
to whom the charms of society in fatherland, and some 
family affairs, extended an invitation which she could not 
resist, and her husband finally consented to return. 

Madam departed for Holland, her husband making 
his arrangements soon to follow her. But. upon Teaching 
New Amsterdam, where he was to take ship, in 1649, he 
found that place without a clergyman, owing to the 
departure of Dominie Backerus. He was pressed, by 
Governor Stuyvesant, ** for the honor of God, for the 
increase of the church and for the interest of meji, " to 
remain in the country, for. a time at least. He resisted, 
but persuasions were still added* **if it were only for the 
instruction of the children who are every Sunday presented 
at the Manhatans for ^baptism — sometimes one — some- 
times two — yea, sometimes three and four together; " so 
that the Dominie at last consented to stay, and he was 
installed minster of the church of New Amsterdam, at a 
salary of four hundred and eighty dollars per annum. 



Notable Women of Olden Times. 93 

Mrs. Megapolensis returned in the following year, and 
thenceforth resided in New York. Her daughter married 
Cornelius Van Ruyven, the colonial secretary. Her 
son Samuel graduated at Harvard University, and was 
subsequently established as clergyman in New York. 

Ltsbet Gbeveraet, 

Married, first, Mr. De Reimer, a young merchant of 
New York, and after his death she became the wife of 
Dominie Samuel Drissius, who, in the year 1652, was 
appointed to assist in his clerical duties in New Amster- 
dam, *' that worthy old servant the Rev. Megapolensis." 
She brought to her husband a considerable property, 
consisting of real estate, and the mercantile effects of her 
late husband. It is one of'the peculiar features of those 
early times, that the ladies of some of the most afQuent 
and distinguished citizens, whose callings were of a pro- 
fessional character, conducted mercantile pursuits in their 
own names; this was true with Mother Drissius, as she 
was called, who kept a thread and needle, or lady's fancy 
store, in the best business part of the town, on the present 
Pearl street, between AVhitehall and Broad street. By 
her former husband she had several children, viz: Mar- 
garet, who married Cornelius Steenwyck; Machteld, 
who married Nicholas Gouverneur; Pie ter and Hubert. 
By her second husband she had no children. Mother 
Drissius died in. New York, at an advanced age, in the 
year 1688, having survived her husband some years. 

[Annah, viL] 9 



(94) 



THE TRANSIT OF ALBANY- 

1853. 



[In William Chambers's Things as they are in America 
we find the following notice of Albany at p. 175.] 

Southwards from Syracuse, the railway gets into the 
valley of the Mohawk, and after passing the flourishing 
town of Utica, much fine scenery is disclosed. At Little 
Falls, a small but busy town situated among rocky pro- 
tuberances and overhanging cliffs, with the river dashing 
and leaping over its rugged channel, the draughtsman 
would find numerous subjects for his pencil, equal in 
picturesque beauty to some of the best points in Swiss 
landscape. When we consider that only seventy years 
have elapsed since pretty nearly the whole of the district 
through which we are passing was a wilderness possessed 
by tribes of Indians, its present condition as an apparent- 
ly old-settled country, with thriving cities, elegant man- 
sions and improved farm establishments, seems quite 
marvelous. A gentleman at Canandaigua told me that, 
about forty years ago, be could not reach Albanj'- in less 
than a week, the journey being oneof great toil on horse- 
back. Now, the distance is performed by railway in ten 
hours. 

My previous visit to Albany having been very brief, 
I now remained some time in the place, to see its state 
house, public libraries, and normal school establishment. 
The State House, situated on the top of the rising ground 
on which the city has been built, is a conspicuous and 
elegant structure, devoted to the meetings of the legisla- 
tures of the state of New York. In connection with it, 
I was shown a library of 30,000 volumes, for the use of 
members, and open to the public. A considerable number 
of the books are of the best English editions, no expense 



Charnb$rri Trofmf of Albany. 95 

being spared t6 procure works of the highest class ia 
general literature. Adjoining is an extensive law-library. 
Among the more intei»esting works shown to strangers, 
is a series of large volumes, embracing the printed legis- 
lative proceedings since the English organization of the 
colony. It is interesting to observe in the series, how 
at the Revolution, the British royal arms and styles of 
expression are quietly dropped, and followed by the 
republican forms, as if no break had taken place in the 
course of procedure. One of the volumes during the 
colonial regime purports to be printed by Frankliii. 
There are likewise shown some old colonial charters 
from the king of England — dingy sheets of vellum, kept 
as curiosities in glass cases, along with mummies from 
Thebes, and other instructive antiquities. It is pitiable 
to see ** George the Third, King of Great Britain, France, 
and Ireland,'* as he is styled in these old writs, reduced 
to this condition; but at the same time, it must be 
allowed that if George and his advisers had possessed a 
little more discretion, his charters and those of his 
descendants might hare been living utilities, instead of 
obsolete curiosities. 

At the time of my visit, a new building for a state 
library was fitting up at an expense of 80,000 dollars. 
On the opposite of the square stands the State Hall, con- 
taining the administrative offices of the state; and near 
It is the City Hall. Both are of white marble, and have 
a fine architectural effect. In these several establishments 
I received every desired information ; and on my depar- 
ture, I carried with me not only the grateful recollection 
of much undeserved kindness, but presents of state papers 
and reports on a most munificent scale. Of all the states 
in the Union, that of New York has excelled in the gran- 
deur of its public documents. Numerous statistical, 
historical, and scientific investigations have been issued 
at the expense of the state, in a series of large and splen- 
didly iliustrated volumes; and these are imparted in^ 
manner so liberal and considerate as to command uni- 
versal respect. 



96 Chambcrs*s Tratmt of Albany. 

Originally a Dutch settlement, Albany in the present 
day is a substantial city of thoroughly American appear- 
ance, with about 60,000 inhabitants; and its situation 
near the head of the navigation of the Hudson, renders it 
a flourishing emporium of commerce. Steam yessels 
daily descend the Hudson to New York, making a voyage 
of 145 miles; and the return voyage upwards is con- 
sidered to be one of the most agreeable trips in river 
navigation. The time of departure of the boats not 
being quite convenient for me, I descended' not by 
steamer, but by railway — the line, in many parts of 
its course, being erected on piles within the edge of the 
water, and at other places keeping within sight of the 
finer parts of the river. After so much has beep written 
by travelers of the scenery of the Hudson from New 
York to Albany it will not be expected that I should 
describe its varied beauties. For about twenty miles, 
midway, ft goes through a picturesque mountainous dis- 
trict, known as the Highlands of the Hudson; and here 
it may be said to resemble the Rhine without its ruined 
castles. 



(97) 



ANCIENT DOCUMENTS. 



COL. CARTWRIGHT'S COMISSION TO GOE TO FORT ORANGE. 
From General EDtries, vol. i, p. 35, Secretary's Office. 

These are to will and require you and every of you to 
bee ayding and assisting to Col. Geo: Cartwright in the 
prosecution of his maHyes interest against all such of 
what nation soever as shall oppose the peaceable sur- 
render and quiet possession of the fTort Aurania, and to 
obey him the said Col: George Cartwright according 
to such instructions as I have given him in case the 
Mohawkes or other Indyans shall attempt any thing 
against the lives, goods or chattells of those who are 
now under the protection and obedience of his majesty 
of Great Brittaine : whereof you nor any of you are to 
fayle as you will answer the contrary at your utmost 
perrills. 

Given under my hand and scale at ffort James in New 
York on Manhatan's Island this 10th day of September^ 
1661. R. NicoLLs. 

To the present Deputy Govenor and Magistrates and 
Inhabitans of fforl Aurania. 



THE CONFIRMACON OF MR. JEREMIA8 RENZLUER9 AUTHORITY 
AND PRIVILEDGES IN RENZLUERSWICK. 

From General Entries, vol. i, p. 50, Secretary's Office. 

By vertue of my comission from bis royall highnesse 
James Duke of York & Albany, I doe by these presents 
ordeV and appoint that Mr. Jeremias Renzluer shall and 



98 Ancient Documents. 

may lavefully enjoy and execute all such priTiledges and 
authority within the limits of Renzluerswlcke, as he did 
enjoy & execute before the surrender of New Vork into 
his majesties obedience: And I do further declare that 
all persons in the said colony of Renzluerswicke shall 
haye and enjoy the benefitt of the articles made ajid 
agreed upon at the surrender of New Yorke as fully and 
effectually as if the said colony had been expressly men- 
coned therein : Provided all ways, that within the space 
of one yearo, after the date hereof, the said Jeremias 
Benzluer do procure a different pattent for the colony 
from his royal highnesse, and in the meane time that all 
the inhabitants shall take the oath to his majesty and 
the present government. 

Given under my hand & s^ale at ffort James in New 
Torke on the Isle of Manhattans, this 18th day of Octo- 
ber 1664 R: NicoLLs. 



INSTRUCTIONS FOB CAPTAIN JOHN BACKER FOR THE WELL 
REGULATING OF THE MIUTIA AND OTHER AFFAIRS AT 
ALBANY. 

From Orders, Warrants, Letters, p. 239, Secretary's Office. 

1. Because tis in vaine to give instructions unlesse 
you observe them punctually you are strictly charged & 
required to read them over frequently, and not to follow 
your owne humour but my order. 

2. You are to keep a constant guard in y^ fort: But 
since there is no evident danger of force or surprisall, 
you may lessen the duty of y* souldiers whereby they 
may have liberty to advance themselves by worke or 
trade. 

3. Tou are to keepe good order and discipline with y® 
souldiers not lending to easy an eare to their complaints 
against their land lords ; But where you find the coin- 
plaints reasonable you are to make it known to y® 
comissaryes yr who are empowered to give redl'esse 



Ancient Documents. 99 

therein against their land lords or any other inhabitants 
who shall offer violence or injury to the souldiers. 

4. If any of y^ inhabitants made a Just complaint 
against a souMier the punishment of y^ souldier belongs 
only to your selfe. 

5. In matters capitall or treatyes with y® Indians you 
are to sit in y® fort with y® schout and comissaryes as y® 
upper court whereof you are to bee president and upon 
equall division of voices to have the castinge & decisive 
voice: But in the ordinary courts for civill affaires you 
have nothing to doe. 

6. You. are to give the word to y® militia officer of 
y* towne and especially when any report is brought of 
any danger to cause more strict guards to bee kept. 

7. You are to keepe a faire correspondence with y® 
comissaryes and towarde all the inhabitants & endeavor 
to live as brothers together. Avoiding all occasion of 
publick controversy or falling out: But if you have any 
greevance make it knowne calmly without heate or pas- 
sion to y® court : And if they do not give redresse you 
are to remitt y® matter to mee as it was delivered to y® 
court. 

8. Lett not your eares bee abused with private storyes 
of y® Dutch, being disaffected to y* English, for generally 
wee can not expect they love us : But when you have 
any sufficie^nt testimony against any Dutchman of words 
or actions tending to y® breach of peace or scandalous 
defamacon deliver over the testimonyes to the comisaryes 
from whom I expect justice shall bee done. 

9. You are to cause the guard house to be repaired, as 
also other necessarye repaires to bee made, with as little 
expence as is possible, knowing the narrowness of our 
present condition. 

10. You are to receive the third of y® fines from y« 
scout as they a.re establish t under my hande as also to 
continue the practise of giving ticketts for entryes of 
goods upon sloopes as formerly not to increase the rates 
but by each sloop send y® entry signed with your hands 
to Mr. Van Ruyv^n. 



100 Ancient Documents. 

11. If it shall at any time happen that y^ Indjans 
comitt any violence at or neare Albany, you are to joyne 
in councell with y^ comissaryes, what is best to bee done 
till my further directions can bee knowne. 

12. I have taken that care for y® provisions that you 
shall not meddle further therein. 

13. You are from time to time, as occasion presents, 
in company with y® comissaryes to give audience to y* 
sachem of all nations. And after advice with y® comis- 
saryes, returne them answer, suitable to their proposals. 
You are to receive their presents. And make them pre- 
sents at your own charge. 

14. Y'ou are to receive from y® pachter of y® great 
accise two hundred guilders seawan for y® service of y* 
house the comissaryes will pay the hireinghe of y^ scowe 
alone without hands for your use twice in y® yeare. 

' 15. There are some souldiers who have undertaken to 
furnish the guard and soldiers quarters in toune with 
sufficient firewood yearely for six hundred guilders 
seawan the comissaryes will lend them y® scowe six 
times at their charge, but y^ souldiers are to man y® 
scowe. 

16. You are to see that those bedds and appurtenan- 
ces which were delivered to you bee distributed amongst 
y^ souldiers according to their numbers bee not any 
wayes embezeled or abused by them since an account 
will be required from you of them. 

17. You are as often as occasion presents to send to me 
to give an accountof y® state of all affaires and transac- 
tions with you: And in case of great importance and imer- 
gences, you are to sent express messengers either Christ- 
ians or Indyans according to y^ seasonableness of the yeare 
by either of which that can perform the yourney best. 

18. And forasmuch as it appeares evident to mee that 
severall complaints being exhibited against the burgers 
of this toune whereof some of them are very meane in 
their nature, others of some years standing, all tending 
but to y^ unsettling of mens minds: And rising up those 
seedes of distrust and jealousie amongst us» which aboue 
all things ought principally to bee avoyded; my will and 



Ancient Documents^ 101 

pleasure is that to tbis present there bee a general! am- 
nistia and oblivion and for y^ future that no complaints 
bee brought before rnee but such as are of high nature, 
and the proofs grounded upon sufficient testimony es and 
to referre crimes of smaller nature to y® comissaryes 
before whom they properly lye. 

These instructions were given at Albany by both the 
governors in August 1668. 

[A series of instructions corresponding with the fore- 
going, from 1 to 11, inclusive; was issued to Captain 
Baker by Richard Nicolls previously. These, without 
date, are recorded in the Secretary's Office, Patents, 
vol. i, p. 133. 

Captain Baker was dismissed from all military service 
at Albany or elsewhere by a resolution of the council. 
May, 14, 1670, and Captain Salisbury was elected to his 
place. See Council Minutes, vol. iii, p. 2T.] 



FORM OF MANOR LEASE, MDCXCVI. 

[The following is a copy of the original lease of the 
island below the city, on the east side, kilown as Staats's 
Island. This island, formerly called by its Indian name 
Papskna, is about five miles in length and half a mile in 
width. On the south extremity is an elevation called 
by the Dutch Hooghberg (high hill). The hill has been 
occupied as a dwelling of the Staats family from the 
time of its first settlement, and the stone foundation of 
the present house was laid more than one hundred and 
sixty years since. It is at present owned and occupied 
by Joachim P. Staats, brother of the Doctors Staats of 
this city, who are the lineal descendants of Samuel 
Staats, and were born on the island.] 

This Indenture made the Seventh day of Sep'r in y* 
yeare of our Lord God 1696, in y« Eight yeare of His 
Majties Reigne, Wm y* 3th over England &c King. 

Between Kllian Van Renselaer of y* Lordship or Manor 
of Renselaerswyck in y* county of Albany, and Province 
of New York in America Esqr sonn of Jeremia Van 
Renselaer, late of y^ same place deceased, of y^ one part, 



102 Aneitnt Documents. 

and Samuel Slaets of y* Citty of New Yorke, Chirurgeoh 
of y® other part, Witnesseth, that y^ s^ Kiiian Van Rens- 
elaer, as well in performance of a certain covenant and 
agreement, contained, specified and declared in a certain 
Indenture of covenants bearing date y® 14th day of April), 
Anno one thousand Six hundred Ninety-six, made be- 
tween y*' s** Kiiian Van Renslaer and Kiiian Van Rens- 
laer, now at present of the Citty of New York, in 
America Esqr sonn of John Baptista Van Renslaer, late 
of y® Citty of Amsterdam in Holland dec** as also for 
divers good caus^-s and lawful considerations, him 3^ s*' 
Kiiian Van Renslaer, thereunto especially moveing and 
for y® further consideration of five shillings current 
money of New Yorke, to him in hand paid by y^ s^ Samuel 
Staets, at and before tb* ensealing & delivery of these 
presents, the receipt where of he doth hjreby acknow- 
ledge and him there wth, fully satisfied and contented. 

Have granted, bargained & sold, aliened, Enfeofed & 
confirmed «nd by these presents doth grants bargain and 
sell, alien, Enfeof and cpnfirme, unto y® said Samuel 
Staets and to his heirs & assigns for ever, All that a 
Certain Farme or Plantation, scituate lying and being on 
y® East side of Hudson's River, in y® county of Albany 
& Province afores^, being part of y*^ Lord ship or Manner 
of Renslaers Wyck afores**, lately in y* possession of 
Comilis Teunison Van Veghten, & now delivered in y* 
possession of s^ Samuel Staets, upon y^ Island called and 
known by y*' name of Paapskane, containing in bignesse 
as it is now in possession of s^ Cornilis Teunison, with 
halfe of y® pasture. » 

Together with all houses, out houses, erections and 
buildings, barnes, barracks, stables, orchards, gardens, 
yards, backsides. Fences, wayes, Easements, Lands, Tene- 
ments, meadows. Feedings, Pastures, Woo4s, underwoods, 
Profitts, comodities and hereditaments, with their and 
ever J of their rights, members and appurtenances whatso- 
ever, thereunto belonging, or in any manner of way 
appertaining, or therewith all used & enjoyed, as part, 
parcell & member thereof, and y® reversion and rever- 
sions, remainder and remainders^ rents, issues & profitts 



Ancient Documents. 103 

of y® same, and of every t)art and parcell thereof, and all y* 
estate right, title, interest, possession, property, claime 
and demand, whatsoever of y® s** Eilian Van Renselaer of 
in or to y® same, or any part or parcell there of, with 
free priviledge of cutting & hewing of timber, fencing 
wood & fire wood for y® use of y^ s^ Farme out of y® 
Commons. 

To HAvjE AND TO HOLD y* s^ Farme or Plantation, and 
all & singular other y® premises hereby granted, bargaind 
& sold, or mentioned or intended to be herein or hereby 
granted, bargaind & sold, with their and every of their 
rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to y® s'^ 
Samuel Staets, his heirs & assigns forever. To & for y« 
only proper use, & behoofe of y ' s^ Samuel Staets, his 
heires & assigns for ever. Yeelding, rendering & paying 
therefore yearly & every yeare; and y^ s** Samuel Staets 
for himselfe, his heires. Executors, Adminstrators & 
assigns, doth promise, covenant and grant to and with y® 
s ' Eilian Van Renselaer his heires & assigns to yeeld 
render and pay to him y® s** Kilian Van Renselaer his 
heirs & assigns for y*^ s^ farme yearly & every yeare, the 
tenth part of y® yearly produce of y^ s** Land, above 
granted bargained sold & released according to y® Cus- 
tom and usage of said 'Manor. And y® s' Kilian Van 
Renselaer for him self, his heires & assigns y® s^ farm or 
plantation & all other singular y^ premises before herein 
mentioned to be granted, bargained and sold, wth their 
& every of their appurtenances, unto y® s^ Samuel Staets 
his heires and assigns in his & their quiett & Peaceable 
Possession & Seizen against him the s ' K4Iian Van Rense- 
laer his heirs and assigns, and all & every person and 
Persons whatsoever lawfully claiming by from or under 
him them or any of them shall atid will warrant & for 
ever defend by these presents. In witness where of s** 
partys to these present Indenture have hereunto inter- 
changeably sett their hands and scales Datum ut Supra 

Samuel Staats. [l. s.] 
Sealed and delivered in y'^ presence of 

Joachim Staats, 
Jan Ner Curie, 



(104) 



INSCRIPTIONS 

IN THE 

SECOND PRESBYTERIAN BURIAL GROUND. 



Beneath this tomb rest the remains of the first person 

interred in this cemetery. 
In memory of E. Kiilam Abbey, who was born Nov. 12, 

1806, and died Aug. 8, 1834, aged 27 years, 8 months, 

19 days. 
In memory of Eliza, wife of Thomas Acres, who died 

Sept. 2, 1824, aged 26 years. 

AH things are vain; be wise and )earn to know, 
Vexation, pain and trouble dwell below. 
True happiness, the Christianas glorious prize. 
Is found beyond the grave, above the skies. 

In memory of Ann Eliza, daughter of Thomas and Eliza 
Acres, who died Sept. 8, 1825, aged 1 year, 2 months 
and 17 days. 

There is rest in Heaven. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary, wife of Tilly Allen, who 
died Sept. 25, 1816, in the 26th year of her age. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary, wife of Tilly Allen, who 
died Jan. 15, 1833, in the 44th year of her age. 

In memory of Elizabeth Huntington, daughter of E. F. 
and Elizabeth Backus, born 14th Oct., 1811. died 23d 
Sept., 1816, aged 4 years, 11 months. 9 days. 

Prudence M. Jenkins, wife of John F. Bacon, died Dec. 
29, 1832, aged 42 years; and their infant boy. 

Neither can they die any more; 
For they are equal unto the angels. 



Burial Ground Inscriptions. 105 

In memory of Caroline Elizabeth, iiho died April 6, 
1816, aged 6 months, 8 days: John Fairbanks, died 
July 29, 1820, aged 9 months, 24 days; children of 
John and Prudence M. Bacon. 

In memory of Naomi, wife of Henry A. Bancraflt, who 
died July 2, 1833, in the 29th year of her age. 

George W. Barnes, died April 4, 1844, aged 51 years, 11 
months, 23 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Matilda Batchelder^ who de- 
parted this life July 23, 1825, in the 38th year of her 
age. 

In memory of Mary Ann Bennett, wife of Sala Bennett, 
who died May 15, 1823, aged 22 years, 1 month, 22 days. 

In memory of Mary Ann Bennett, daughter of Sala and 
Mary Ann Bennett, who departed this life June 8th, 
1823, aged 27 days. 

Israel Huntington, son of the Rev. Israel Brainard, of 
Verona, Oneida county, N. Y., died July 8, 1836, aged 
28 years and 5 months. 

In memory of Henrietta Breakey, daughter of William 
and Catharine Breakey, who departed this life October 
28, 1828, aged 1 year, 8 months, 2 days. 

In memory of Isabella S., wife of Isaac Brown, who 
died August 26, 1831, aged 25 years, 5 days. 

Behold I we see, while here we look, 
The dearest ties of friendship hrbke; 
The grief and sorrow pierce the hearty 
The dearest friends we see must part. 
'*Can this dust live? " blind natare cries; 

The Gospel answers, "Yes, it can." 
When Christ descends the saints shall rise, 

And hail thy advent, son of man. 

In memory of Mrs. Lucy Brown, who died on the 9th of 
January, 1836, in the 59th year of her age. 

From pure affection take this tribute due 
To such a mother, wife and friend as you. 
But rest in peace, departed shade, thy worth, 

Thy deeds shall ever in our bosoms dwell; 
Thy form, now mouldering into mother earth, 

Sleep on in peace, in heaven — farewell, 

[AnnalSf vii,] 10 



106 Sectrnd Presbyterian Church 

Bufus Brown died September 26, 1841, aged 59 years. 
In memory of Cornelia, wife of Rufus Brown, who died 

Oct, 23, 1819, aged 37 years. 
Margaret Bullock, wife of Rufus Brov^n, died February 

7, 1832, itged 34 years, 4 months. 
In memory of Alfred L. Brown, son of Allen and Nancy 

Brown, born March 23, 1809, died July 26, 1813, aged 

4 years, 4 months, 24 days. 
A. L. Brown, died March 1, 1814, aged 5 months, 20 days. 
Alfred A. Brown, son of Allen and Nancy Brown, died 

January 31, 1816, aged 39 days. 
Charles E., son of Allen and Nancy Brown, died May 1, 

1625, aged 6 years, 2 months and 24 days. 
Abigail, wife of John Boardman, died April 19, 1843, 

aged 70 years, 3 months. 
John Boardman, son of John and Abigail Boardman, 

died March 14, 1834 , aged 24 years and 8 months. 
Nancy, wife of Samuel Boyd, died February 19, 1844, 

aged 60 years. 

She is not dead, but sleepetb. 

In memory of Hannah, wife of Chester Bulkley, who 
died December 23, 1820, aged S5 years; and their in- 
fant son, Chester. 

^^ Can tilts dust live?^ blind nature cries; 

The Gospel answers, *' Yes, it can:** 
When Christ descends the saints shall rise, 

To hail thy advent, son of man. 

In memory of Elizabeth, daughter of Chester and Hannah 

Bulkley, who died August 26, 1807. 
The grave of Silas B., son of Chester Bulkley, who died 

May 18, 1831, aged 19 years. 
The grave of John, son of Chester Bulkley, who died 

May 26, 1833, aged 19 years. 
Hannah Tyler, daughter of B. T. and H. Butler, died 

April 8, 1833, aged 5 years, 6 months and 26 days. 

The turf is on her^ weep not now; 

All blessings crown the*^early dead. 
She was called home ere from her brow 

One trace of radiaat mirth had fled. 



Burial Ground Inscriptions. 107 

Knowing but lovers unclouded sun, 
Her dream of earth was bric^ht as brief. 

Rejoice, that, when the goal the won, 
Her crown had .not a withered leaf. 

In memory of Mary Buttre, wife of WiHiam Buttre, who 
died September 18, 1817, aged 38 years. 

Blessed are Ithe dead that die in the Lord, for their works shall 
follow thepi. 

In memory of Charles Buttre, son of Levi Buttre of 
Wethersfield, Conn., who died December 12,' 1834, in 
the 19th year of his age. 

To the memory of Georgeanna, daughter of Charles and 
Margaret Burrows, aged 4 years and 7 months. 

Ellen D. Campbell, wife of John C. Campbell, born July 
1,1818, died June 26, 1850. 

Cathrine Marl Case, died January 29, 1821, aged 17 years. 

Fredrick A. Case, died at St. lago de Cuba, May 31, 
1821, aged 20 years. 

In memory of Elizabeth Center, consort of Asa H. Cen- 
ter, who departed this life July 16th, 1824, aged 39 
years, 6 months, 19 days. 

Unveil thy bosom, £iithful tomb, 
Take this new treasure to thy trust, 

And give these precious relics room, 
To seek a slumber in the dust. ^ 

In paemory of Miss Abby Center, who departed this life 
September 14, 1810, aged 24 years, 4 months, 22 days. 

In memory of Abby Center, daughter of Asa and Eliza- 
beth Center, who died July 4, 1813, aged 1 year, 6 
months and 20 days. 

In memory of Theodore, son of Asa H. and Elizabeth 

Center, who died January 5, 1814, aged 3 months. 
.In memory of Juliet P., daughter of Sidney and Pamelia 
A. Chapin, who departed this life January 25, 1833, 
aged 4 years. 

Early removed from bleak misfortune^s power, 
Secure from storms, here rests a tender flower. 

Harriet, daughter of Samuel Cheever, Esq.. died Sept. 5, 
1833, aged 5 months; Gertrude died Sept. 28, 1834, 
aged 20 days. 

If aught in Heaven avoids reproach, 'tis infant innocence. 



108 Second Presbyterian Church 

Julia S. R, Cheever, daughter of Samuel Cheever, Esq., 

died September 13^ 1B35, aged 13 years and 7 months. 

Neither mind nor loveliness could put by the demands of death, 
else earth had been longer and heaven become later the scene of her 
endearments. 

John Chester, D. D., born at Wethersfield, Connecticut, 

August, A. D. 1785, and installed pastor of the Second 

Presbyterian congregation in the city of Albany, A. D. 

1815. He died at Philadelphia, January 12, 1829. 

where his ashes lie intombed. 

In 

affectionate remembrance of the loveliness of 

his character, the purity of his life, and the 

faithfulness of his ministry, 

A 

Bereaved and sorrowing people have raised this -monument. 

To the memory of Arthur Fitch Clark, son of Asahel 
and Sabine Agusta Clark, who was born June 20th, 
1829 and died April 14, 1831, 

This stone is erected by his parents in affectionate remembrance 
of their only child. 

Sacred to the memory of Parmela Batchelder, wife of 
Daniel P. Clark, who departed this life March 29th, 
1834, in the 42d year of her age. 

Beneath this stone a gem doth lie,' 

Whose home is in yon distant sky; 
It there will beam in glory bright, 

When earth is wrapt in sudden night. 

Amelia Ann, wife of Albert Conkling, and daughter of 
Chauncey and Marinda Mills, died October 14, 1838, 
in the 23d year of her age. 

The victory now is obtained, 

She has gone her dear Saviour to see, 
Her wishes she fully has gained, 

She is now where she long wished to be. 
Then IH us forbear to complain, 

That she has now gone from our sight. 
We soon shall behold her again, 

With new and redoubled delight. 

To the memory of Roscoe, infant son of Alfred and 
Eliza Conkling, who died July 1st, 1828. 



Burial Ground Inscriptions, 109 

Sacred to the memory of Catherine, daughter of Daniel 
and Harriet Conkling, who died February 25, 1831, 
aged 1 year, 2 months, 7 days. 

This lovely bud, so young and fair, 

Called hence by early doom, 
Just came to show how sweet a flower 

In paradise would bloom. 

In memory of William Bulkley, infant son of Daniel 
and Harriet Conkling, who died January 11th, 1832, 
aged 15 months. 

Benjamin Smith, son of Erastus and Harriet Corning, died 
September 18, 1821, aged 1 year, 8 months, 18 days. 

The wind shall whistle o^er 
His grass grown grave, 
And all within be peace. 

Josepl^ Weld, infant son of Erastus and Harriet Corning, 
died August 14th, 1830, aged 17 months and 6 days. 

Lie still, sweet babe, 
And take thy rest ; 
God called thee home 
• When he thought best. 

John Spencer, son of Erastus and Harriet Corning, died 
February 25th, 1833, aged 5 years, 3 months, 12 days. 

Weep not for those whom the vale of the tomb. 
In lifers early morning hath hid from our eyes. 

Ere sin threw a veil o^er the spirit^s young bloom, 
Or earth had profaned what was born for the skies. 

In memory of Sarah Martin, wife of George Couchman, 
who departed this life January 22, 1836, aged 32 
years, leaving a husband and four children to mourn 
her loss : Elizabeth, Fanny, Sarah and Mary Jane. 

Farewell, dear husband, my life is past, . 

Iloved you whilst my life did last; 
Weep not for me •, no sorrow take •, 

But love my children for my sake. 

In memory of Thomas Cunningham, son of Ichabod and 
Jane Cunningham, who departed this life October 15, 
1828, aged^ years, 10 months and 17 days* 



110 Second Pnthtfttrian Church 

In memory of William Ogden, oldest son of Hoffman and 
Hannah Maria Covert, who died March 9, 1848, aged 
2 years, 10 months, 22 days. 

In this grave sleep together two children of Nathaniel 
and Catherine Davis; Nathaniel died 20th January, 
1818, aged 3 years, 4 months. 23 days; Susan Mary 
died April 17, 1819, aged 11 years, 12 days. 

Together down they sink in social sleep, 

Together freed their gentle spirits fly, 

To scenes where love and bliss immortal reign. 

Sacred to the memory of Sarah, wife of John C. Draper, 
who departed this life on the 21st November, 1827, 
aged 27 years. 

'Precious shall be the memory of the many viitoes that . adorned 
and elevated her character. 

Also, Edward Alexander, son of John C. and Sarah 
Draper, who departed this life on the 1 2th July, 1827, 
aged 2 years. 

Pure as from Heaven his spirit came, 

To Heaven as pure *tis gone again ; 

His heavenly parent bid it come, * 

Then why should earthly parents mourn? 

Melville Gregory, son of Josiah H. and Adelia W. Draper, 
died April 23, 1850, aged 1 yealr, 5 months, 7 days. 

Morson, son of John M. and. Olive Eddy, died July 15, 
1832, aged 5 months. 

In memory of John Edic, of the town of Deerfield, 
Oneida county, who was accidentally drowned at 
Albany, on the 10th day of November, 1823, aged 
30 years. 11 months, 25 days. 

In memory of Mrs. Sally Fanning, wife of Mr. Amos Fan- 
ning, who died September 3, 1816, aged 24 years, 4 
months and 14 days. 

Ah, cruel death, thou destroyest the hopes of man. It is thou 
that causest this sweet innocence to moulder here. 

Also in memory of Edwin S. Fanning, son of Mr. Amos 
and Mrs. Sally Fanning, who died October 1, 1816, 
aged 7 months and 15 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Captain John Fisher, a native 



Buria I Ground In8cri][dums, 111 

of Scotland, who departed thi& life August 13, 1841, 

aged 81 years and 2 months. 
Theodore, son of Elisha and Delia Foot, died January 

14, 1826. 
Esther, daughter of Elisha and Delia Foot, died Decern- 

ber 2, 1830. 
Elizabeth Avery^ wife of Benjamin JFriday, born in 

Watervliet, July 20, 1797,. died in Albany, February 

2, 1850, aged 52 years, 6 months, 12 days, 

A loving wife, a Christian mother, 
A Christian true this stone discover, 
Faithful and patient, chaste in love, 
Dead to this world but lives above. 

Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Gifford, died September 9, 

1845, aged 63 years, 7 months and 3 days. 

Be ye followers of them who through faith and patience inherit 
the promises. 

Sacred to the memory of Lucy, wife of Timothy Glad- 
ding. She died March 12, 1822, aged 31 years. 

The holy triumphs of her soul, 

Did death itself outbrave; 
Left dull mortality behind, 

And flew beyond the grave. 

Margaret Grant, bom in Strathspey, Scotland, died in 

Albany, May 25, 1845, aged 83 years. 
R. Glenn. 
In memory of James Grassie, a native of Aberdeen, 

Scotland, who died in the full assui^nce of a blessed 

immortality, April 2, 1839, in the 73d year of his age. 
Louisa Grassie, died May 7, 1839, aged 5 years and 6 

months; also, James Grassie, 2d, died May 11, 1839, 

aged 3 years and 7 months : children of William C. 

and Jane C. Grassie. 
In memory of Lewis Grinnell, who died August 25th, 

1834, aged 40 years; formerly of Bhode Island. 

The memory of the just is blessed. 

In memory of Miranda Hammond, consort of J. D. 
Hammond, who died August 27, 1831, in the forty- 
fourth year of her age. 



112 Second Presbyterian Church 

Jabez Hammond, son of J. D. and Miranda Hammond, 
who died February 17, 1828, aged 6 years, 8 months 
and 17 days. 

Alas how frail is the tenure of human hopes. 

See truth, love and naercy in triumph decending, 
And nature all glowing in Eden's first bloom; 

On ihe cold cheek of death smiles and roses are blending, 
And beauty immortal awakes from the tomb. 

In memory of Samuel Hascy, who died October 12, 1830, 
aged 53 years, 27 days. 

Sarah Hills, wife of Eras t us Hills, died October 8, 1850, 
aged 53. 

There shall be no night there. — Rev. zzi, 25. 

Charles Whiting, son of Erastus and Sarah Hills, died 

October 19, 1839, aged 23 years. 
Henry E. Hills, son of Erastus and Sarah Hills, died 

September 14, 1850, aged 19. 

I go to prepare a way for you.— Jesus Christ. 

Sacred to the memory of W. R. Hills, who departed this 
life February 15, 1844, aged 51 years, 6 months, 9 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Laura Hills, born September 
5, 1829, and died January 23d, 1832; also, George 
Augustus Hills, born December 5, 1831, and died Feb- 
ruary 23, 1832; and also William Henry Hills, born 
September 17, 1823, died July 6, 1835; children of 
William R. and Adaline Hills. 

Emily, daughter of Jesse and Nancy Holland, died April 
12, 1842, aged 42 years. 

In memory of Isabella, relict of John Holmes, who died 
November 3, 1841, aged 80 years, 

Eatherine E. Sawyer, wife of Elias Holmes, died Sep* 
tember 9, 1850, in the 33d year of her age. 

In memory of Hannah Hopkins, daughter of Major John 
Hopkins, of Boston, who died March 8, 1825, aged 49 
years and 24 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Louisa Maria Howe, wife of 
Silas B. Howe, and daughter of Caleb Davis, who died 
May 12, 1830, aged 22 years and 5 months; also, Hul- 
dah Emily, infant daughter of S. B. and L. M. Howe, 



Burial Ground Inscriptions. 113 

Sacred to the memory of Letitia, wife of Maltby Howell, 

who died November 20, 1821, aged 32 years, 7 months 

and 23 days. 

Sweet are the slumbers of that blessed bed 
On which our Saviour laid his sacred head ] 
In this dark mansion is no jasting gloom, 
For hope^s bright torch illuminates this tomb. 

In memory of Margaret Ann, daughter of Maltby and 

Letitia Howell, who died July 28, 1843, in the 24th 

year of her age. 
In memory of James, son of Maltby and Letitia Howell, 

wh(J died March 28, 1832, in the 22d year of his age. 
In memory of George Huntington, Jr., son of George 

and Hannah Huntington, of Rome, in the county of 

Oneida, and a student in the Theological Seminary at 

Andover, who died March 25, 1828, in the 21st year 

of his age. 
Mrs. Lucy James, wife of Daniel James, died January 

II, 1818, aged 31 years. 
Mrs. Esther James, wife of Daniel James, died July ^2, 

1821, aged 39 years. 
In memory of John Herman, son' of Edwin and Maria 

Ann Jessup, who departed this life April 20, 1830, 

aged 5 years, 7 months and 9 days. 
Margaret Jermain, widow of John Jermain, deceased,. 

died March 30, 1833. aged 69 years. 
John Ogden and Frances Joy, beloved children of Miles 

and Eunice Joy, died of scarlet fever; the former, 

September 2, 1842, aged 4 years, 3 months, 16 days; 

the latter, September 16, 1842, aged 2 years, 1 month, 

15 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Lucretia, wife of James Keeler, 

departed this life, December 11, 1836, aged 61 years, 

9 months, 19 days. 
In memory of Margaret Morgan, daughter of Charles A. 

and Ann Maria Eeeler, died April 26, 1838, aged 2 y. 
In memory of Spencer, son of Charles A. and Ann 

Maria Keeler, died May 13, 1842, aged 7 years, 2 

months, 12 days. 



114 Second Presbyterian Church 

In memory of David Wells, infant son of David and 
Harriet Kilboum, who died July 11, 1828. 

Ellen, wife of Rufus King, and daughter of Robert Elliott, 
born July 29, 1812, died July 2, 1838. 

Sacred to the memory of Harriet Lansing, wife of Ger- 
ritt Lansing, Jun'r, who died on the 21st day of Feb- 
ruary, aged 56 years, 10 months and 9 days. 

Sarah Preston, wife of Harvey Lathrop, died April 5, 
1847, aged 48 years, 9 months and 8 days. 

Also, their four children: Henry died February 17, 
1822, aged 11 months; Justus died July 15, 1827, aged 
10 months; Henrietta died April 26, 1829, aged 4 years 
and 9 months; Minerva died December 25, 1837, aged 

2 years and 7 months. 

Sacred to the memory of Juliet E., wife of Thomas 
Lawrence, Jun'r, who departed this life the 3d of 
December, 1832, aged 23 years and 10 months, in the 
fiill hope of a blessed immortality. 

Stranger, prepare to meet your God. 

Gordon Ley, bom in Aberdeen, Scotland, died March 17, 
1847, aged 46 years. 

Orren Lincoln, died April 30, 1840, aged 47 years. 

In memory of Catharine Fairbank, daughter of N. S. 
and L. Littlejohn, born February 28, 1836, died Feb- 
ruary 28, 1838. 

So fades the lovely, blooming flower, 
Frail smiling solace of an hour; 
So soon our transient comforts fly, 
And pleasure only blooms to die. 

In memory of Sarah, wife of Elisha Mack, who departed 

t^is life March 4, 1819, aged 29 years and 3 months. 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Elisha and Julia Ann Mack, 

died July 6, 1840, aged 1 year, 2 months and ^ days. 
Uriah Marvin, died November 24, 1848, aged 78 years, 

3 months, 16 days. 

Olive, wife of Uriah Marvin, died April 7, 1849, aged 74 
years, 7 months, 1 day. 



Burial Oround InscriptimiB, 115 

In memory of Edward Marvin, son of Uriah and Olive 
Marvin, who died September 14, 1810, aged 1 year, 4 
months, and 25 days. 

In memory of Edward Marvin, son of Uriah Marvin, 
who died April 16, 1813, aged 2 years, 3 months and 

5 days. 

In memory of Phebe Ann, daughter of Uriah and Olive 
Marvin, who departed this life 3d January, 1815, aged 
1 year and 5 months. 

Benjamin Marvin, son of Uriah and Olive, died Septem- 
ber 23, 1825, aged 17 years. 

In memory of Harriet Eliza, daughter of Henry and 
Harriet Marvin, who died June 6, 1836, aged 2 years, 
8 months and 29 days. 

In memory of Walter, son of Henry and Harriet Marvin, 
who died June 17, 1836, aged 8 years, 3 months and 
3 days. 

In memory of Jane Agnes, daughter of Charles and 
Maria Marvin, who died February 1, 1837, aged 5 
years, 9 months, 11 days; also, their son, Edward, 
who died July 26, 1828, aged 11 months and 4 days. 

In memory of Eunice Walker Mascraft, only child of 
William and Eunice Mascraft, who died December 10, 
1837, aged 5 years, 1 month and 6 days. 

Suffer little chiUren to come unto me and forbid them not, for of 
anch is the kingdom of Heaven. 

A tribute of friendship, this stone marks the spot where 
repose the mortal remains of Fredrick Matthews, born 
in New Braintree, Mass., April 22, 1793; died in 
Albariy, June 4. 1830. 

He was a good friend; a good man; a devout Christian. 

Elias Mather. Died September 6, 1843, aged 66 years. 
Sacred to the memory of Ann Mather, wife of Elias 
Mather, who died December 24, 1819, aged 33 years, 

6 months, 18 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Cynthia Mather, wife of Elias 
Mather, who died December 14, 1827, aged 36 years, 
5 months. 



116 Second Presbyterian Church 

In memory of Charles C. Mather, son of Elias and 

Nancy Mather, who died August 7, 1810, aged 13 

months, 15 days.^ 
In memory of James, son of Elias and Nancy Mather. 

who died August 21, 1814, aged 13 months, 15 days. 
In memory of Cynthia Ann, daughter of Elias and Nancy 

Mather, born September 18 and died October 21, 1815. 
Susan Batch elder, wife of William McCammon, bom 

July 21, 1814, died June 5, 1839, aged 24 years, 10 

months, 15 days. 
Sacred to the memory of William McConnell, who de- 
parted this life January 25, 1811, aged 44 years, 2 

months, 4 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Ann McConnell, wife of Wil- 
liam McConnell, who departed this life February 14, 

1839, Aged 69 years, 3 months. 
In memory of Mary McKenney, wife of Erastus Mc 

Kenney, who departed this life April 17, 1828, aged 

22 years, 1 1 months, 1 day. 
In memory of Jane, wife of Erastus McKinney, who 

departed this life, August 22, 1832, in the 27th year 

of her age, 
Agnes, daughter of James and Susan McEewn, died 22d 

March, 1821, aged 1 year, three months and 23 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Finlay McNaughton, who 

departed this life on the 28th of March, .1828, aged 

36 years, 2 months, and 28 days. 
In memory of George McPherson who departed this life 

December 31, 1833, aged 50 years. 
In memory of Charles, son of George and Harriet Mc 

Pherson, who departed this life October 13, 1822, 

aged 1 year, 1 month, 24 days. 
In memory of John, son of Horace and Sarah Meacham, 

who died December 18, 1818, aged 1 year, 8 months. 
In memory of Sarah, daughter of Horace and Sarah 
Meacham, who died October 5, 1820, aged 1 year, 
4 months. 
Maria, Lucretia and Richard; children of Richard M. 
and Maria Meigs. Maria died June 9, 1825, aged 10 



Burial Ground Inscriptions. 117 

years and 7 months; Richard died February 28, 1823, 
aged 7 months. 
In memory of Bevil Cosbom Mills, son of Chauncey 
and Miranda Mills, who departed this life October 19, 
1825, aged 17 years, 5 months. 

Hope looks beyond the bounds of time, 

When what we now deplore 
Shall rise in full immortal prime, 

And bloom to fade no more. 

Sacred to the memory of Chauncey Mills, who departed 
this life October 31, 1829, aged 19 years, 1 month. 

Unveil thy bosom, faithful tomb, 

Take this new treasure to thy trust, 
And give these lacred relics room, 

To seek a slumber in the dust. 
So Jesus slept*, God^s dying son 

Passed through the grave, and blessed the bed ; 
Rest here, blest saint, till from his ihrone 

The morning break and pierce the shade. 

In memory of Seymour B. Mills, son of Chauncey and 
Maranda Mills, who departed this life September 20, 
1829, aged 19 years, 6 months. 

Received, O earth, this faded form. 

In thy cold bosom let it lie ; 
Safe let it rest from every storm, 

Soon must it rise, no more to die. 

Sacred to the memory of Dencey Moore, wh departed 
this life March 9, 1822, aged 25 years, 4 months. 

Her days how short, how early called away 
To pay that debt each mortal has to pay*, 
But cease to mourn, ye friends, from tears refrain. 
Your transient loss is her eternal gain. 
A few more days of grief will soon be o'er, 
'S When absent friends will meet to part no more. 

Harry Morgan, of Aurora, Cayuga county, who died 

September 20, 1838, aged 25 years. 
George, died September 5, 1836, aged 1 year, 10 months 

and 6 days; Caroline Russell, died November 12, 

1836, aged 3 years, 7 months and 5 days: children of 

Samuel and Eliza Morgan. 

[Annals, vii.] 11 



118 Second Preshjfterian Church 

Eliza, wife of Henry Morse, died February 26, 1839, 
aged 31 years; also, William Henry, infant son of 
Henry and 'Eliza Morse, died July 26, 1839, aged 6 
months. 

Henry Clay, son of James and Sarah Morse, died Janu« 
ary 14, 1835, aged 9 months and 22 days. 

Go to thy rest, my child, 

Go to thy dreamless bed, 
Gentle and undefiled, 

With blessings on thy head • 

Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of James and Sarah Morse, 
died Dec. 16, 1839, aged 8 years, 1 month, 16 days. 

They're here in this turf bed, those tender forms 
So kindly cherished tind so fondly loved; 
They're here, sweet sisters pleasant in their love, 
And not in death divided. 

Clarissa, daughter of James and Sarah Morse, died 
December 20, 1839, aged 3 years, 11 months, 20 days. 

I am weary of loving what passes away, 

The sweetest, the dearest, alas, may not stay •, 

I long for that land where those partings are o'er, 
And death and the tomb can divide hearts no more. 

In memory ^of Mary Eliza, wife of Enoch Noyes, and 
daughter of Earl P. and Mary Pease, who died Nov. 
21, 1829, aged 26. 

Alas how changed this lovely form so dear, 
Which bloomed and cheered my heart *, 

Fair, fleeting comfort of a year, 
How soon we're called to part. 

John Rockwell, son of John I. and Caroline Olmstead, 

born July 9, 1836, died August 11, 1836, aged 1 

month, 2 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Nathaniel Parke, who departed 

this life January 3, 1822, aged 53 years, 11 months, 

and 7 days. 
In memory of Philip S. Parker, who died June 29, 1831, 

in the 55th year of his age. 

Sweet be his sleep, and when the resarrection trump awakes the 
dead, immortal life be his. 

In memory of George Monell Parker, son of Philip and 



Burial Ground InscripHom. 119 

Jannett Parker, who died 19th November, 1815, aged 

11 years, 3 months and 19 days, 

Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of 
such is the kingdom of heaven. 

Edwin B., son of Joel B. and Frances L. Parsons, died 
June 20, 1832, aged 6 months. 

In memory of Hannah Peck, who died August 21, 1838, 
aged 48 years. 

In memory of Ebenezer Pemberton, who died January 
31, 1823, aged 44 years, 3 months, 22 days. 

Sarah Pemberton, died December 4, 1837, aged 58. 

Abigail, daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah Pemberton, 
died December 18, 1819, aged 4 years, 9 months and 
26 days. 

Charlotte Pemberton, daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah 
Pemberton, died December 20, 1819, aged 11 months 
and 20 days. 

In memory of Sarah Jane Pemberton, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Sarah Pemberton, died Sefptember 8, 
1819, aged 3 years, 2 months and 9 days; also, Sarah 
Pemberton who died July 13, 1826, aged 2 years, 9 
months and 26 days. 

In memory of Harriet, daughter of Ebenezer. and Sarah 
Pemberton, who died February 16, 1826, aged 15 
years, 2 months and 6 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Clarissa L. Pemberton, who 
departed this life March 2, 1833, aged 25 years. 

Harriet, daughter of Ebenezer and Eunice Pemberton, 
died November 30, 1841, in the 8th year of her age. 

Gideon Prentice, died December 17, 1837, in the 62d 
year of his age. 

The grave of George Cheney, only child of Ezra P. and 
Philena C. Prentice, who died possessing all the fond- 
ness of a creature's love, 22d of December, 1827, aged 
3 years, 1 month and 4 days. - • 

Marian J. Prentice, only daughter of Ezra P. and Phi- 
lena C, Prentice, died July 10, 1836, aged 7 years, 9 
months and 1 day. 

William Cheney, only son of Ezra P. and Philena C. 



120 Second Presbyterian Church 

.Prentice, died 18tb June, 1833, aged 1 year, 9 months, 
23 days. 

George, only child of John H. and Sarah N. Prentice, 
died August 26, 1833, aged 6 months and 16 days. 

In memory of Catherine Davis, only child of John H. 
and Sarah Prentice, died 22d September, 1832, aged 8 
months. 

Sacred to the memory of Louisa Maria, youngest daugh- 
ter of Asaph and Or«lia Preston, who died November 

30, 1828, aged 10 months. 

To those who for her loss are grieved, 

This consolation's given ; 
She's from a world of wo reheved, 

And blooms a rose in heaven. 

David Redden, died April 13, 1850, aged 60 years. 

In memory of James George Redden, son of David and 
Mary Redden, who died September 11, 1827, aged 10 
years, 10 months and 13 days. 

Sarah, daughter of Nathan and Sabra Rice, died Decem- 
ber 30, 1832, aged 19 years, 11 months and 19 days. 

Caroline, daughter of Nathan and Sabra Rice, died July 

31, 1834, aged 17 years, 10 months and 5 days. 
Sacred to the memory of John Rockwell, who departed 

this life December 13, 1826, in the 61st year of his age. 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

In memory of Mary Rockwell, wife of John W. Rock* 
well, who was bom May 20, 1774, died January 8, 
1937, aged 63 years, 7 months and 28 days. 

Oh Lord, thou didst lead her gently through the dark valley and 
shadow of death, and she feared not death, for thou wert her rock 
and support. 

In memory of George Washington, son of John W. and 
Mary Rockwell, who died January 5, 1820, aged II 
years and 6 months. 

In memory of Mary Ann, daughter of John W. and Mary 
Rockwell, who departed this life on the 11th March, 
1818, aged 2 years, 11 months and ^ days. 

In memory of Utilly, wife of Jedediah Rogers, who died 

October 28, 1820, aged 39 years, 9 months, 6 days. 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints. 



Burial Oround ImcripHims. 121 

In memory of Hannah Rude; who died February 5, 

1840, in the 81st year of her age. 

Elizabeth P. Sanford, died September 23, 1833, aged 22 
years and 7 months. 

Mourn not because the, righteous pass away; to them it is not death. 

Nathaniel Sawyer, died February 20, 1851, in the 71st 

year of his age. 
Orpha Batchelder, wife of Nathaniel Sawyer, died June 

16, 1848, in the 64th year of her age. 
George Sidney Sherman, died August 27, 1832, in the 3d 

year of his age. 
Sarah L. Turner, wife of Watts Sherman, departed this 

life August 4, 1838, in the 2l8t year of her age. 

She is not dead,~hut sleepeth. 

Erastus Corning, son of Watts Sherman, died August 9, 

1841, aged 5 years and 3 months. 

Henry Gibson, son of Watts Sherman, died September 

15, 1843, aged 5 years and 8 months. 
In memory of Caroline Watson, infant daughter of 

Bennington and^ Sidney P. Sill, who died November 7, 

1829, aged 14 months'. 
In memory of Theodore Paul, son of Bennington and 

Sidney P. Sill, who died November 4, 1829, aged 5 

years, 2 months and 17 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Erastus D. Skinner, who died 

July 22, 1843, aged 19 years. 
Sacred to the memory of Joseph Spencer, born in East 

Haddam, Conn., December 29, 1789; counselor at 

law, in Rochester, and senator from 8th district of the 

state of New York; died at Albany May 2, 1823, 

aged 33. 
In memory of Sophia C. Spring, Petersham, Mass., who 

died in Albany, December 2, 1824, aged 28 years. 
Sacred to the memory of Harriet, daughter of A. P. and 

E. A. Smith, who departed this life August 2, 1840, 

aged 1 year, 1 month and 11 days. 
In memory of John Stafford, who died October 12, 1819, 

in the 51st year of his age. 

Be ye also ready. 



122 Stcond Presbyterian Church 

In memory of William, son of Chandler and Hannah 

Starr, who died December 28, 1824, aged 4 years, 8 

months and 11 days. 
In memory of Walter, son of Chandler and Hannah 

Starr, who died November 4, 1824, aged«l year, 1 

month and 13 days. 
In memory of Sally Steel. She left this world, which she 

adorned by her example and blessed by her charities, 

in the joyful hope of a better, in March, A. D. 1821, 

aged 33 years. 

Sweet is the scene when virtue dies; 
When sinks a righteous soul to rest. 

William Barnett, son of James and Frances Stevenson, 
died November 17, 1850, aged 2 ye^^rs, 1 month and 
1 day. 

This tender bud, so young and fair, 

Called hence by early doom, 
Just came to show how sweet a flower 

In paradise to bloom. 

In memory of Irena Stewart, wife of Adam Stewart, 

died August 5, aged 30 years and 29 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Job Tabor, who died September 

12, 1822, aged 35 years. 
Thomas Tate, died August 19, 1832; in the 74th year of 

his age. 
In memory of Irsael Tuffs, born in Brookfield, Mass., 

March 30, 1774, died November 22, 1834, in the 61st 

year of his age. 
Joseph, infant son of Lucian and Joanna Tuffs, died 9th 

of April, 1839, aged 6 months and 18 days. 
To the memory of Joshua Tuffs, who died on the 14th 

of November, 1843, aged 58 years and 4 months. 
Sacred to the memory of Hannah Van Buren, wife of 

Martin Van Buren, who departed this life on the 5th 

of February, A. D. 1819, in the 36th year of her age. 

She was a sincere Christian, dutiful child, tender mother, and 
affectionate wife. Precious shall be the memory of her virtues. - 

Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth. Yea, 
saith the spirit, that they may rest from their labors, and their works 
to follow them. 



Burial Ground Inscriptions. 123 

Frances, wife of Rev. J. M. Van Buren, and daughter of 
Uriah Maryin, died April 2, 1842. 

The evening heavens aroand me shine 
With beams of sacred bliss. 

I run with joy the shining way, 
To meet my dearest Lord. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary McConnell, wife of 
Teunis Vandevcer, who departed this life August 25, 
1823, in the 28th year of her age. 
Died, Myron G , son of Samuel and Mary A. Wait, 

November 14, 1847, aged 1 year and 5 months. 
Died, Georgianua, daughter of Samuel and Mary A. 

Wait, November 17, 1846, aged 2 years, 6 months. 
In memory of Mary Louisa, daughter of Abraham A. 

and Hester Waterhouse, who died Uth July, 1824, 

aged 18 months. 
Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth, wife of Nathan 

Webb, who died January 6, 1824, aged 26 years, 7 

months and 2 days. 
In memory of Elizabeth, daughter of Jane and J. E. 

White, died March 4, 1835, aged 3 months and 3 days. 
In memory of Deacon Nathan Wilcox, of Ogden, Monroe 

county, N. Y., son of Jesse and Thankful Wilcox, 

N. H., who died suddenly in this city, June 6, 1825, 
Ephraim Wilder, Jr.,. died April 25, 1838, in the 53d 

year of his age. 
In memory of David Laurence, son of John and Mary 

Ann Willard, who died 1st March, 1816, aged 1 year, 

8 months and 15 days. 
In memory of Joseph Laurence, son of John and Mary 

Ann Willard, who died December 20, 1821, aged 1 

year and 9 months. 
In memory of Catharine, daughter of John and Mary 

Ann Willard, who died on the 9th day of September, 

1829, aged 11 months and 26 days. 
In memory of Edward Kirk, infant son of John and 

Mary Ann Willard, who died on the 11th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1831, aged 1 year, 1 month and 8 days. 
In memory of Francis Burdet, infant son of Denison and 



124 Second Presbyterian Church 

Maria Willams, who died January 25, 1820, aged 5 
months and 3 days. 

Sleep on sweet babe, and take thy rest. 

In memory of Douglass Piatt, infant son of Denison and 
Maria Williams, who died Jan. 12, 1827, aged 1 year 
and 8 months. 

He has gone ; the lovely, blooming flower has fled to realms of 
bliss. 

Erected, November 29, 1828, in memory of Mrs. Jane» 
wife of Samuel Wilson, globe manufacturer, who died 
May 8, 1827, in the 28th year of her age. 

That frailties and foibles are inherent in the human 
bri^ast, is not to be denied ; and if the lamented subject 
of this brief memoir possessed them they were few, 
and lost in the natural good qualities of her heart, and 
in the splendor of those virtuous attainments which 
distinguished her fair fame as a philanthropist, a wife, 
and a mother. 

Also, in memory of an infant son, who died April 28, 

1827, aged 2 months and 19 days. 
Erected, November 29, 1828, in memory of Mrs. Abigail, 

second wife of Samuel Wilson, globe manufacturer; 

who died August 28, 1828, in the 25th year of her 

age. 

The many exalted virtues which conspicuously 
adorned the character of this amiable woman, will 
render her long remembered and lamented by a 
numerous circle to whom she was allied by the 
tenderest ties of consanguinity, friendship and 
affection; by whom her society was ever hailed 
with delight, and joy, and esteem, as a balm to 
sooth their sorrows and afflictions. 

In memory of William, son of Richard and Mary Wins- 
low, who departed this life November 6, 1838, aged 
20 years, 9 months and 25 days. 

In memory of Mary, infant daughter of Richard and 
Mary Winslow, who died December 14, 1824, aged 1 
year and 7 monfhs. 

John Worcester, died July 17, 1847, aged 48 years. 



' Burial Ground Inscriptions. 125 

In memory of Joseph Clement, son of John and Jemima 

C. Worcester, died January 16, 1841, aged 6 months 

and 22 days. 
Sacred. to the memory of Ellen, daughter of William 

and Margaret Worth, born October 9th, 1830, died 

October 3d, 1833. 

The tears that bedew thy early grave, dear child — the agony of 
heart-stricken parents — tell how loved, how mourned thou art. 

In the bosom of him who gave and who has taken away, the gentle 
and spotless soul rests in peace. '^ Blessed be his name." 

Maiy Jenkins Worth, daughter of the late Thomas 
Worth, of Hudson, died November 6, 1839. 
Dearly beloved in life, thy memory is sweetly cherished in death. 

In memory of George Young, who died April 12, 1828, 

aged 43 years. 

May we die the death o^ the righteous, and may our last end be 
like his. 



(126) 



EARLY ATTEMPT TO LOCATE UNION 
COLLEGE AT ALBANY. 

BY F. B. HOUGH. 



At the commencement of the Revolution, there had 
spread throughout the northern section of the colony of 
New York, a general feeling, that Kings (now Columbia) 
College, was insufficient for the wants of the colony, 
and that another institution located in the interior was 
required to supply the wants of that growing section. 
The earliest notice of this movement which we have met, 
is a record in the journal of the Assembly, tha( on the 
26th of August, 1779, a petition was presented to that 
body then in session at Kingston, from John Cuyler, and 
e^ght hundred and forty-two other inhabitants of the 
counties of Albany and Tryon, and another from Thomas 
Clark and one hundred and thirty-one other citizens of 
Charlotte county, praying that a number of gentlemen 
might be incorporated in a body politic, with power to 
erect an academy or college in the town of Schenectady, 
and to hold funds for its support* 
^ These petitions were referred to a committee appointed 
the day previous on the affairs of the town of Kingston, 
consisting of Mr. Schoonmaker, Mr. L'Hommedieu and 
Mr. Palmer, to which Mr. Gordon, Mr. Tredwell, Mr. 
Benson, and Mr. Harper, were added. On the 20th of 
October, Mr. Benson from this committee reported, favor- 
ably, and recommended that the petitioners be allowed to 
bring in a bill at the next session, but the emergencies 
of the war appear to have diverted attention from the 
measure, which was for a time forgotten. 

On the return of peace the plan was revived, and 



Union College. 127 

application was again made to the legislature for aid 
in securing an endowment of the proposed college, as 
shown by the following petition on file in the office of 
the secretary of state.* An academy had at this time 
been established but not chartered by the regents : 

To the Hon'ble the legislature of the state of New York. 
The petition of John Glen, Nicholas Veeder, Cornelius 
A. Van Slyck, and others, the managers of the acade- 
my in the town of Schenectady, in the county of Albany; 

Humbly sheweth. That a very considerable number 
of the citizens of the state, have for a number of years 
been fully convinced of the necessity of a public sj^mi- 
nary of learning in the northern part of this state, for 
training and fully preparing youth to fill the important 
stations in society. 

That the citizens of the town of Schenectady, influ- 
enced by the importance of the object, and a conviction 
of their central and advantageous situation for such insti- 
tution, have heretofore, and about the close of the late war 
and before the passing of the statute for instituting a 
university within this state, made very liberal proposals 
to the legislature for endowing a college if one could be 
established in this town of Schenectady, since which an 
ancient suit has been revived in the court of chancery of 
this state; relative to the subject of such proposals as 
aforesaid, which has hitherto deprived the inhabitants of 
realizing and appropriating the proposed estate to the 
advantage of education, and thereupon soliciting the privi- 
leges set forth in the statute, for instituting a university 
within this state. 

That Derick Van Ingen, Esq., of the town of Schenec- 
tady, with two other gentlemen having lately, that is in 
October last, obtained a lease from the Oneida nation of 
Indians, for the term of twenty-one years, of all that tract 
of land situated, lying and being in the Oneida reserva- 
tion known and distingnished in said treaty by the name 
of the residue of the Oneida reservation. 

* Assembly papers, Miscel. vol. iii, p. 474. 



128 Union CoU$g$. 

The said DirckVan Ingen, Esq'r, with the other two 
gentlemen lessees, did on the 26th day of Norember last, 
conyej by lease ten thousand two hundred and forty 
acres of said residue of the Oneida reservation for the 
benefit of a college in Schenectady, reserving therein for 
the said Oneida Indians, the annual rent of two hundred 
and fifty Spanish milled dollars, the first payment to com- 
mence five years computed from the 1 8th day of October 
past, until the full term of twenty and one years are com- 
pleted. 

That said Dirck Van Ingen, Esq'r, did afterwards fur- 
ther convey by lease to the said gentlemen and for the 
said benevolent purpose 5120 acres more of his third part 
of the remaining leased lands, reserving the annual rent 
of one shilling only. 

That the income which will arise from the said leased 
lands will be gradual and at best temporary, and of con- 
sequence can not afford the respectability and permanence 
requisite to give energy and character to an institution 
of learning which will coincide with the views and wishes 
of the judicious and enlightened people of the state of 
New York. 

Your petitioners therefore, that they may be enabled 
to make the earliest application to the regents for the 
privilege set forth in the statute for instituting a univer- 
sity in the state of New York, humbly pray that power 
may be granted by law to any three or more of them at 
their own expense, to purchase from the said Oneida na- 
tion of Indians, their reversion to said 15360 acres of 
said leased lands, and in such manner as the honorable 
legislature shall in their wisdom think proper to direct. 
And your petitioners as in duty bound shall pray. 

Garrit S. Vedder, Jr., John Glen, 

Joseph Shurtlifi^, Abram Oothout> 

Mynd. S. Ten Eyck, Andries Van Patten, 

Cornelius A. Van Slyck, Corn's V. Dyck, 

Barnardus T. Schermerhorn, Arent A. Vedder, 



Schenectady, Dec. 30, 1791. 



Nicholas Vedder. 



Union College. 



129 



We the subscribers fully approving of the contents of 
the above petition, humbly pray that the prayer thereof 
may be granted; ^ 



Alexander Vedder, 
Albert S. Vedder, 
Harmanus Van Slyck, 
Jno. W. Brown, 
John Mynderse, 
C. Vandervolgen, 
Thomas B. Bancker. 
Corn^s Z. V. Santvoord, 
John Sanders, 
Ryer Schermerhorn, 
Joseph Yates. 
Isaac Newman, 
Cornelius Vrooman, 
Daniel Campbell, 
Abraham Fonda, 
Jacob Ten Eyck, 
Nicholas A. Van Patten, 
Francis Vedder, 
Aha's Meras, 
Lancaster Conner, 
Wm. White, 
John Cuyler, 
John Van Allen, 
Jno. 6. Schuyler, 
W. Van Schaick, 
Maus R. Van Vranken, 
AVm A. Lansingh, 
Volkert A. Douw, 
P. W. Douw, 



James Van Ingen, 
James Elliott, 
Robert McClell^n, 
P . S . Van Rensselaer, 
Joachem I. Staats, 
Jacob Mynders, 
Jno. B. Van Eps, 
Rem. Van Slyck, 
Nicholas V. Petten, 
Harmanus Bradt, 
Charles Martin, 
Wm. Corbett 
Abram Yates, Jr., 
Ab'm Ten Broeck, 
Henry Glen, 
Abraham Cuyler, 
Jno. Jas. Backman, 
Corn's Van Schelluyne, 
Geo. Banyard, 
Jno. R. Bleecker, 
Abraham Ten Eyck, 
Wm. Van Ingen, 
D. P. Ten Eyck, 
H. Woodruff, 
S. H. Wendell, 
Corn's Wendell, 
Teunis Van Vechten, 
Garret G. Lansing, 
John Giren. 



Endorsed, "A petition of John Glenn and other mana- 
gers of an academy at Schenectady, relative to a leaSe 
and the purchase of the reversion of part of the lands re- 
served for the use of the Oneida nation. 

•*In assembly, Jan. 16, 1792. Read, and referred to Mr. 
J. A. Fonda, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Hasbrouck, Mr. H. Liv- 
ingston, Mr. Barker. 

"Feb. 13, 1792, Mr. Fonda reported, that the prayer 
of the petitioners should be grafted if it was not dero- 
gatory to the interests of the state.* 

* The following is a copy of the report : 

" Mr. J. Fonda, from the committee to whom was referred the 

[Annaht viu] 12 



i30 Union Colhge. 

The house resolved that it was derogatory to the inter • 
ests of the state. 

'*N. B. Interest, in this report, means Dignity, Honor, 
Interest, Peace, and Public Faith. Rejected and ended." 
^ Meanwhile the citizens of Albany took active measures 
to secure the location of the college, which it was felt 
must erelong be established; a subscription was opened, 
and on the 4th of January, 1792, the corporation resolved 
to convey ibr this purpose a part of the public square. 
On the 29th of January, 1793, the regents of the univer- 
sity granted a charter to the Schenectady academy, and 
in this and the following year, the eflforts of both parties 
were continued to secure the necessary funds for the pro- 
posed college. We are indebted to Prof, Jonathan Pear- 
son, of Union College, for a copy of the Albany subscrip- 
tion for this purpose, a transcript of which, in the hand- 
writing of Col. John Taylor, the first professor of the 
college, is among the papers belonging to that institution. 

** The subscribers severally promise to pay the sums 
annexed to our respective names to John Tayler in trust 
to be paid by him to the trustees of any college which 
may be founded in the city of Albany, the payment of 
one half of the said sums to be made whenever the 
regents of the university of the state of New York shall 
by an instrument under their common seal approve of 
the plan on which and the funds with which it is intended 
to found and provide the same college. And the remain- 
ing half in six months thereafter, to the said John Tayler, 
having given security to the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the city of Albany, for the payment of the 
subscription money to such trustees, or refunding to us 

petition of John Glenn and otber managers of an academy at Sche^ 
nectady, 

Report, That by an investigation they find that the commissioners 
appomted by law to hold treaties with the Oneida Indians respecting 
their lands, have guaranteed said lands to them and their posterity 
forever, for their own use and cultivation, and that if it would not be 
derogatory to the interest of the state, the prayer of the petitioners 
ought to be granted. . 

Thereupon, Resolved, that it would be derogatory to the interests 
of the state to grant the prayer of the petitioners.** 



Union ColUgt. 131 

the sums which we respectively, subscribe if the college 

should not be founded in three years from the date hereof. 
24th December, 1794. 

Stephen Van Rensselaer, .... £500 Dudley Walsh, £15 

Stephen Lush, • .... 100 Thos. Hnn, 20 

Samuel Stringer, 100 Abm. Hun, 10 

John Tayler, 100 Isaac Hutton,. 10 

Abm. G. Lansing, 100 Hars. Ten Eyck, 20 

T. V. W. Graham, 100 Nicholas Bleecker, 10 

Abm. Van Vechten, 100 Henry Bleecker, 10 

Abm. Ten Broeck, 100 Philip S. Van Rensselaer, » 59 

Abm. Ten Eyck, 80 John V. Henry, 40 

John Jauncey, 40 Stewart Dean, 40 

Jacob Van Derheyden, 40 Peter Edmd. Elmendorp, . . 40 

Dirck Ten Broeck, 40 Abm. A. Lansing, 60 

Daniel Hale, 40 Abm. Schuyler, 10 

Elisha Kane, 40 Isaac Truax, 10 

Jno. D. P. Douw, 40 Lucas Van Vechten, 40 

John Stevenson, 50 John C. Cuyler, 20 

John D . P. ^Ten Eyck, 40 Barent Bleecker, 40 

Gold. Banyar, 100 John Kirk, 10 

John N. Bleecker, 40 James Verner, 30 

David Fonday 40 Thomas Spencer, *•••.... 14 

Leonard Gansevoort, 40 Wm McClelland, 12 

John B. Schuyler, 40 Geo. Johnson, •. 12 

Garret Van, 40 John Bogart, 6 

Barent G. Staats, 30 Elias Kane, 20 

Francis Nicoll,.. 10 Henry Guest, Jr., 10 

Barent Ten Eyck, 40 Robert V. Henry, 20 

Richard Lush, 40 Arie Lagrange, 20 

Tennis T. Van Vechten, 40 James Bleecker 2(i 

W.Woodruff, 25 Robert McClelland, 20 

John Fondey, Jun., 12 Jas. Dole, 12 

Enoch Leonai d, 20 Corn. Van Schelluyne, .... 25 

John Bassett, 15 John R. Bleecker, 12 

Sanders Lansing, 20 Seth Lansingh, 15 

Henry Spencer, 10 George Merchant, 15 

John R. Bleecker, Jun...... 40 Jno. Jac. Beekman, . . . . • • 10 

Hugh Boyd, 10 Sebastian Visscher, 10 

J. H. Wendell, 10 John Shepherd, 20 

W. Mancius, 20 Isaac Denniston, 8 

Matt. Trotter, 10 Thos. Ellisot?, 6 

Nicholas Fondey, 10 Abm. Bloodgood, 10 

Spencer Philpot, 15 Elisha Crane, 4 

James Murdock, 3'4s Jas. Warren, -. .. 2 

David Newlandj 2^ Charles Chestney, 6 

Jacob 6. Lansingh, 3 John Given, 10 



^ \ 



132 Union College. 

^ William Fryer, 3 David Blackley, .. ...... iQ 

Chrislian Miller, .» 4 James Mc Gouch, ....... . 8 

James Kershaw, 8 Luther Trowbridge 3 

Danl. McEvers, 8 Corns. Wandell,... 8 

Saml. Hill, 5 John) McMillan, 5 

Warner Scovilie 8 

Several applications having been made, at first to the 
legislature, and after the institution of the Board of 
Regents to that body, for the incorporation of a college 
at Schenectady, a meeting was held at Albany, Dec. 16, 
1794, for the purpose of uniting upon a plan-that might 
be best calculated to secure the desired object. At this 
meeting the name of the institution and the outline of its 
organization were agreed upon, and the names of those 
who were to form its first board of trustees were selected. 
A subscription headed by Abraham Oodthout, dated Jan. 
7, 1795, obtained £1,390,^ among 231 subscribers,* and 
on the 8th of February, 1795, the Regents created Robert 
Tates, Abraham Yates Jr., Abraham Ten Broeck, John 
Glen, Isaac Vrooman, Joseph C. Yates, James Shuter, 
Nicholas Veder, Goldsbrow Banyar, John V. Henry, 
George Merchant, Stephen Van Rensselaer, James Con- 
diet, Jacobus Y. C. Romeyn, James Cochran, JohnFrey, 
D. Christopher Pick, and their associates a body corpo« 
rate by the name of the Trustees of Union College in the 
Town of Schenectady. 

"* This subscription list is published in the ^' First Semicentennial 
Anniversary of Union College," 1845, page 172. The appendix of 
the book cited contains the application and charter, with other inter- 
esting details of the origin of the institution. 



(133) 



NOTES FEOM THE NEWSPAPERS. 



Continued from vol. vi, p. I3a» 



1818. 

Charles Smith advertised that he would transmit 
merchandise from New York to Pittsburgh, for five 
dollars per hundred weight. 

The festival of thanksgiving, so long observed annually 
in New England at the close of the harvest was celebra« 
ted first in 1817, it is believed, in the state of New York, 
and repeated this year. De Witt Clinton has the honor, 
as the chief magistrate, of introducing the custom, which 
has continued ever since. 

The trustees appointed in pursuance of the law for 
establishing a public library at the seat of government, 
had at this time made considerable progress, and ap- 
pointed John Cook librarian; an individual who had 
long conducted a circulating library in the city, without 
much profit to himself, and was at this time keeping a 
reading room. 

Benjamin F. Butler was appointed cashier of the 
Washington and Warren Bank, at Sandy Hill. 

Nov. 16. — The common council of the city resolved that 
all debates and proceedings of the board should in future 
be public, and that arrangements should be made in the 
council room for the accommodation of the members and 
attendants. 

A line of stages from Albany to Montreal, on the west 
side of Lake Champlain, commenced running early in 
December of this year, by which the mail was trans- 
mitted three times a week. 



134 Notes from th$ Newspapers, 

Dec. 17. — The copartnership of Thomas Carson and 
Green Hall was dissolved. The former continued 
business at the old stand 34 State street, and the latter 
continued to manufacture silver work and jewelry, at 
No. 11 Plain ^street. 

An application was made to the legislature, for the 
passage of a law to separate the fifth ward of the city of 
Albany, from the said city, and restore it to its ancient 
rights and privileges, by the name of the town of Colonic. 

1819. 

The expense of erecting the Capitol,- and the manner 
in which the different apartments were occupied at this 
time, appear from some papers accompanying a message 
of the governor to the legislature. 

The building appears to have been erected at the joint 
expense of the^tate, the city, and the county, in the fol- 
lowing proportion. 

Paid by the state, $73,485*42 

city, > 34.200-00 

county, 3,000-00 



(C (( 

hC (4 



Total cost, $110,685-42 

All the rooms on the first floor were occupied by the 
state, except the northeast corner, which was used as 
the common council room of the city. The rooms in the 
second story were occupied by the court of chancery, 
supreme court, common pleas, general sessions, and may- 
or's court, except the one immediately above the lobby of 
the assembly room, which was used two or three times a 
year by the supervisors of the county. All the apart- 
ments in the third story were unoccupied except the south- 
west corner room, which was appropriated in 1812 to the 
use of the society for the promotion of the arts. The base- 
ment was occupied, the Isoutheast corner by the county 
clerk and the northeast corner by the keeper of the Capitol. 

By the annual report of the treasurer of the Lancaster 
school, it appears that the expenses of the institution 
were $1719 for the year ending February 1st; of this 



Notes from the Newspapers. 135 

sum $500 was, paid out of the city treasury, $676"34 out of 
the county treasury, $150 by subscriptions, $345*51 by 
collections for tuition, and the remainder out of funds on 
hand. The number of students entered during the year, 
723, of whom 390 were then in attendance. 

Gov. Clinton, in his annual message, estimated that 
the expense pf transportation from Albany to Buffalo by' 
the canal when finished, would not exceed $10 a ton! 

About this time it was proposed to establish a line of 
post coaches from Albany to Niagara, to accomplish the 
distance in four days. It was thought by this means to 
connect New York with Detroit, so as to occupy 7 or 8 
days only in the transit. 

The amount of auction duties paid by the auctioneers 
in the city of Albany during the year ending September 
30th, .1818, was as follows: Benjamin V. Clench, $8M0; 
Lewis Clark, $63-09; Asahel Hall, $75-54; Jesse G. 
Brush, $1,159-47; John M. Willard, $1,394-72. 

A loaf of superfine inspected flour was required to 
weigh 21bs. 8oz. for Is. 

Feb. 24. — A meeting of citizens was held at the inn of 
C. N. Bement, 55 state street, to express their dissent to 
the laws for the imprisonment of debtors. Goiild Hoyt 
acted as chairman, and Peter Lansing as secretary. 
They resolved that the time had arrived for the abolition 
of the barbarous custom. 

Albany and its Prospects. A series of articles in the 
Daily Advertiser commencing March 1st. 

**A few short years only have passed since the whole 
of the unoccupied part of our city was up at auction. 
The daily cries of the auctioneers might be heard upon 
all its avenues. No price was too extravagant to be 
asked, and to be obtained for a lot of ground. Men 
who never before dreamed of wealth, found themselves, 
as if by magic, in possession of untold riches ; the philoso- 
pher's stone was at length disco vered ; the crucible which 
received an ounce turned out its pound of gold; the 
infectious madness became general, and pervaded all 
classes,, all trades, all professions. A few individuals. 



186 * Notes from the Newspapers. 

more moderate and reflecting than the multitude, saw 
that all this was but an airy bubble in a summer's sun ; 
and that the children who were gazing at golden colors, 
would And it vanish at the grasp. It has vanished, and 
we are left in disgrace, to wonder at our folly in supposing 
that a new city was instantly to appear upon our barren 
plains, and that we were immediately to be but into pos- 
session of what industry, time, and the gradual progress 
of the country only can produce." 

The mayor, aldermen and commonalty of Troy applied 
to the legislature for liberty and money to erect a dam 
across the Hudson at the island about two miles above 
the city of Albany, for the purpose of improving the 
navigation. A bill was reported to the assembly, by Mr. 
Warren favorable to the prayer of the petition. 

March. 11. — Mr. J. V. N. Yates, from the committee 
appointed by the house of assembly to inquire into the 
subject of the improvement of the navigation of the 
Hudson river, made a report, which was published in 
the Daily Advertiser of March 13th. It appears that up 
to this time $80,000 had been expended by the legislature 
in improving the channel of the river between Troy and 
Waterford and nearly as much more had been expend- 
ed between Troy and Albany, and below the city of 
Albany. Various schemes were proposed for the pur- 
pose of removing the obstructions complained of; one, 
by the erection of piers and dams, another of projecting 
dykes or jetties, as adopted in deepening the river 
Clyde, and a third, which was urged with great persever- 
ance by Mr. Genet, was the construction of a lateral 
canal. Between the years 1797 and 1818, a period of 
twenty-one years, $148,707*94 was raised by lottery for 
improving the navigation of the river, which was divided 
as follows: between Albany and Troy $30,500; between 
Troy and Waterford, $82,641-78; below the city of 
Albany, $35,566-16. 

An association* styled the Albany Chamber of Com- 
merce and public improvements, was formed about this 
time, the objects of which were not made public; but a 



Notes from the Newspapers, 137 

committee of five was appointed for the month of April, 
to settle any disputes that might arise between mer- 
chants of the city, who might choose to submit them for 
settlement. Isaiah Townsend, Joseph Alexander, Peter 
Van Loon, Walter Clark and John Spencer were the 
committee. 

March 27. — John Woodworth was appointed by the 
council a judge in the supreme court of the state of New 
York. 

A sloop of 137 tons, owned by Trotter & Douglass, 
and intended for th^ river trade, was launched at Ken- 
yon's ship-yard in Ferry street. It was pronounced by 
the papers one of the largest and finest ever built in this 
city. 

Isaac Q. Leake resigned his office of cashier of the 
Niagara Bank. 

April 1, — William James gave notice that he had 
withdrawn himself fron the superintendence of his com- 
mercial concerns, having relinquished that part- of his 
business to his son, who would cbnductit in future, under 
the firm of Robert James & Co. 

April 22. — John Kane died in New York aged 58. 

April 26. — A Mr. Peloubet gave notice that he would 
ascend in a balloon from the Capitol. The expenses he. 
would attempt to raise by collection from the audience 
before the ascension. He apologized two days after that 
in consequence of the high wind the balloon did not rise 
with sufficient rapidity to get out of the reach of the boys, 
one of whom threw a stone which penetrated the balloon 
and brought it to the earth. But he would send up a 
small and a large one on Wednesday the 28th. 

April 30. — Benjamin Whipple died, aged 64, for many 
years door keeper to. the house of assembly of this state. 

There appears to have been six candidates for state 
senator, as follows : Abraham Van Vechten (federal) re- 
ceived 329 votes in the city ; Solomon Southwick (demo- 
cratic), 106; Elislia Jenkins, 134, and Arunah Metcalfe 
(Clintonian), 56; Charles E. Dudley, 213, and John T. 
Moore (Tammany), 109. 



138 Notes from the Newspapere. 

May 10. — At a meeting of the Albany Sunday School 
Society, in the consistory room of the North Dutch 
Church; the following persons were elected officers for 
the ensuing year; George Upfold, Pres. ; Theodore Sedg- 
wick, 1st Vice Pres.; John Boardman, 2d Vice Pres.; 
William Stead, 3d Vice Pres.; Nahum Rice, 4th Vice 
Pres.; Thomas W. Ford, Treasurer, Absalom Towns- 
end,* Secretary; Roderick Sedgwick, John Taylor Jr.* 
Gilbert F; Lush, Galen Batcheldor,* William Mayell, 
Harmanus Wendell Jr. Henry T. Jones, Anthony Civill, 
William C. Miller,* Richard V. De Witt,* Tilly Allen, 
Stephen J. Rider,* and James Balentine, Directors. 

May 11. — 'fhe following persons were elected direct- 
ors of the Bank of Albany: John Van Schaick, Nicholas. 
Bleecker, John Robinson, Abraham VanVechten, Jacob H, 
Ten Eyck,* Volkert P. Douw,* Matthew Trotter, Philip 
S. Van Rensselaer, John Brinckerhofif, Barent Bleecker, 
Stephen Lush, James Stevenson, Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
Jr.* John Van Schaick was reelected president. Mr, 
Jacob H. Ten Eyck, is now president of the bank. 

May 24. — ^Ramo Samee, the Indian juggler, appeared 
in Albany, and performed at Skinner's Mansion House. 

A writer in the Daily Adyertiser says that the Academy 
Park was excavated to the, depth of three or four feet for 
the purpose of filling up Lydius street, and that after a 
shower it was a perfect pond. 

The common council advertised for proposals for lathing, 
plastering and painting the Market situate on the ground 
purchased of the Lutheran congregation, and for digging, 
filling and paving an avenue from South Pearl street 
to said market. The earth for filling to be taken from 
such parts of Hudson street as should be directed by the 
superintendent. 

H. Bamman advertised that he would open the Eagle 
Tavern on the first of June, under repairs and enlarge- 
ment, and new and fashionable furniture. Having pro- 
cured the choicest liquors, he promised to spare no 

* Survivors, 18«S5. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 139 

pains to afford comfort and satisfaction to his customers, 
which he was confident of a competency to do, from his 
acquaintance with the business of entertaining genteel 
company at the York House, Utica. [He made his fortune 
at the Eagle.] 

June. 1. — The following persons were elected directors 
of the New York State Bank for the ensuing .year; John 
Tayler, William James, Elisha Jenkins, Thomas Gould, 
Isaiah Townsend, John D. P. Douw, Francis Bloodgood, 
John Woodworth* Anthony Lamb, James Thorn, Nathan- 
iel Davis,* James Clarke. John Tayler was unanimously 
reelected president. 

June. 7. — The following persons were elected directors 
of the Mechanics and Farmers Bank* for the ensuing year: 
Benjamin Knower, William Fowler,^ Benjamin Van 
Benthuysen, Peter Boyd, Charles E. Dudley, Russell 
Forsyth,] John Marvin, William Boyd, Jesse Buel, Ezra 
Ames, Richard Dusenbery, James Gibbons, Thomas 
Herring. 

June. 21. — The Misses Lewis advertised that they had 
fitted up the house No. 76 State street, opposite the 
State Bank, formerly occupied by Mr. Stewart Lewis 
as the City Tavern, as a boarding house. 

This was a time of great embarrassment among the 
banks. Jacob Barker's Bank stopped payment, and the 
citizens of Baltimore commenced a run upon their banks, 
which they sustained for a considerable time. The bank 
of Niagara, Bank of Hudson, Aqueduct, or Green county 
Bank, Jefferson county, CatskilH Bank of Columbia at 
Hudson, Ontario, Middle District, Washington and War- 
ren, Plattsburgh, were among the discredited concerns. 
The Albany banks, however, sustained themselves. 

Elisha Jenkins, mayor of the city, having resolved to 
remove to Hudson, resigned his office. 

J. Heermans, merchant tailor, 399 South Market street, 
believing that the state of the times required a reduction 
in the prices of labor, advertised the following prices, the 
clolh being furnished by the customer. 

* Survivors, 1865. • t Still directow, 1856. 



140 Naies from the Newspapers, 

For making a plain dress coat or surtout $4*00 

Or for the above including trimmings 6*00 

For plain pantaloons, • - - TSO 

do including trimmings, • - - 2*00 

For making plain vests, - • - 1*25 

do including trimmings, - . . r75 

do if trimmed with flannel or rattinet, 2*00 

• 

Aug. 16. — A loaf of superfine inspected flour to weigh 
31bs. 2oz. for Is,; common or mixed bread to weigh 31bs. 
12oz. for Is. or lib. 14oz..for 6d. 

Dr. James Low advertised that he would instruct- ten 
or twelve medical students in elementary and practical 
pharmacy, chemistry and botany, at a moderate fee. 

Sept. 28. — The "election for charter officers was held 
on Tuesday, September 28, when the following gentlemen 
were elected: 

First Ward. — Theodore Sedgwick and Sebastian Viss- 
cher; John Russell and James Keeler, assistant aldermen, 

Second Ward. — Charles E. Dudley and Chauncey 
Humphrey; John Cassidy and Herman Jenkins. 

Third Ward. — 'Nicholas Bleecker and Richard S. Treat; 
Conrad Gansevoort and Herman G. Wynkoop. 

Fourth Ward. — Mathew Trotter and Estes Howe; 
William McHarg* and Philip Hooker. 

Fifth Ward. — John Gibbons and Richard Dusenberry; 
Herman V. Hart and Henry W. Snyder. 

The election was pretty sharply contested, it is re- 
marked; but no political question was agitated, except in 
the second ward, where the republicans carried their 
whole ticket. TJie new board consisted of 14 federalists 
and 8 republicans. 

John Bogart was reappointed chamberlain and Paul 
Hochstrasser, city marshal. 

Green Hall, of the late firm of Carson and Hall, gave 
notice that he had removed from the old stand corner of 
State and Market streets, to the shop lately occupied by 
Joseph T. Rice, No. 431 South Market street, nearly 
opposite A. Moody's Tavern, Mr. Carson removed out 

♦ Onfy survivor of this board, 1855. 



Notes from the Newspapers^ 141 

of town and Mr. Rice removed into the store left by 
Carson & Hall. 

Oct. 2. — George Reelman, a German, died at Settle's 
Hill, in Guilderland, aged 112 J. He was born in the 
city of Landau, March 8, 1707, and was in the great 
battle of Prague. 

Oct. 12.— John Stafford, of^the firm of Stafford & 
Weed, died, 

Oct. 25. — John E. Lovett was appointed attorney to 
the board of common council in place of Teunis Van 
Vechten, resigned. 

IJov. — Asa H. Center, Nathaniel Davis, William Du- 
rant, Alexander M. Muir, Noah Brown and John Mead, 
Albanians, gave notice that they intended to apply to the 
legislature, at their next session, for an act of incorpo- 
ration, in the name of the Lake Erie Steam Boat Company, 
with a capital of $76,000. 

- Dec. 10. — The president's message, which was deliv- 
ered in Washington on Tuesday, Dec. 7, at 12 o'clock, 
arrived in New York on Wednesday morning at 6 o'clock, 
and was published on Friday in Albany, making four 
columns of the Daily Advertiser. The ** unprecedented 
speed" to New York was accomplished through the united 
exertions of Stockton of Baltimore, Stockton & Howell 
of Philadelphia, and Gulick & Sons, New York. 

A writer in the Daily Advertiser, under the signature 
of Verdicius, ascribes the scheme of uniting the Hudson 
river to Erie lake by a navigable canal, to Elkanah 
Watson, offering in proof the private journal of Mr, 
Watson, during a tour from Schenectady to Geneva in 
1791 when he carefully explored the ground, streams and 
small lakes lying on his route. This journey is said to 
have been made with a view of recommending to public 
notice the project of uniting the two waters. 

Dec. 21. — A meeting of citizens was held at the Capitol 
to take into consideration the subject of the prohibition 
of the further extension of slavery in the United States. 
Lieutenant Governor Tayl6r presided, and William A. 
Duer and Dr. Chester addressed the meeting. Teunis 

[Annah^ n'l.] 13 



142 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Van Vechten secretary. A memorial was prepared by 
William A. Duer and adopted, and subsequently presented 
to congress. 

One Russell is announced as haying arrived in the 
city on Tuesday evening in the New York stage, ac- 
companied by one of his friends, and on Wednesday pro- 
ceeded in the Vermont stage to Manchester. All that 
was remarkable about the circumstance arose from the 
fact that he was believed to have been th3 first person 
on record who after having been supposed dead, was found 
and restored to his friends after the trial and conviction 
of his supposed murderers, before their execution. 

1820. 

Jan. 10. — Died on Monday morning, Jan. 10, Mr. 
Abraham Eights, in the 75th year of his age, a respectable 
citizen, and more than thirty years an elder in the first 
Presbyterian church in this city. 

Jan. 19. — The flouring mills belonging to Philip S. 
Van Rensselaer, situate on the Norman's kill at the 
crossing of the Bethlehem road, were destroyed by fire 
in the night of Wednesday Jan. 19. Two days after, the 
plaster mill at the same place was burnt. 

Jan. 21. — The corporation having passed a law to go 
into operation on the 22d Jan., prohibiting the sale of 
wood in State street east of Middle lane (now James 
street) the dealers in grain gave notice that they would 
purchase only in State street, east of Middle lane. The 
object of this was to concentrate a market in that spot, 
for the mutual accommodation of buyers and sellers, and 
to do away with runners. 

A company of comedians from the New York Theatre 
leased the Thespian Room in North Pearl street, which 
had been fitted up by a society of amateurs, Itnd on the 
26th January opened with Othello and the Wag of Wind- 
sor. May wood, Spiller and WoodhuU were the principal 
stars of this galaxy. The Thespian stood near the corner 
of Quackenbush (now Patroon) street on the east side of 
North Pearl, opposite Clinton Park. 



Notes from the Newspapers^ 143 

Dr. Peter Wendell and Jonathan Eights were appointed 
by-the common council physicians to the poor of the city. 
A Mr. Plimpton announced to the citizens of Albany 
the completion of his musicial instrument called the 
Apollino, which seems to have been brought out by sub- 
scription, and consisted of a combination of several 
instruments. 

A loaf of superfine inspected flour to weigh 3 lbs. 5 oz. 
for one shilling and a loaf of like flour fo weigh 1 lb. 
11 oz. for sixpence ; common or mixed bread, 3 lbs. 14 oz. 
for is.; or 1 lb. 15 oz. for 6d. 

The common council made a retrenchment in the sala- 
ries of the corporation officers, &c., to' the amount 'of 
about two thousand dollars. 

A stage company boasted of making the shortest trip 
to New York by land, namely 15 hours. 

March. 1. — John Van Schaick, .president of the Bank 
of Albany died , aged 47. 

Col. Stepheoi Lu^h, Jr., died at Simaboa on the coast of 
Africa, March 2. 

The price of steam boat fare to and from New York 
appears to have been $8 at this time, and the number of 
passengers in 1819 was 16,000, the compai^y paying a tax 
of $1 each to the state, for canal purposes. The new 
company, which applied for a charter proposed to pay 
the state $5000 a year, and reduce the fare to $6. 

March. 24. — A law entitled, "An act to incorporate 
the Albany Savings Bank," passed the legislature on the 
24th March. The first managers were Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, president; William James 1st vice president; 
Joseph Alexander 2d vice president; John Townsend 3d 
vice president; Charles R. Webster, Jesse Buel, Thomas 
Russell, Volkert P. Douw, John W. Yates, William 
Durant, Douw Fonda, Simeon De Witt, Peter Boyd, John 
Spencer, John L. Winne. William McHarg, Matthew 
Gill, Harmanus Bleecker and Sylvanus P. Jermain, 
trustees. 

March. 27. — The steam boat Paragon, Capt. 'Roor- 
back, arrived at the dock at 5 o'clock in the morning, 



144 Notes from the Newspapers, 

^ving the first assurance to the citizens that the river 
was open. The fare was reduced to $6 at this time. 

The steam boat and sloop captains began to complain 
of bars in the river below the city where they had been 
unknown before. A certificate was published by four 
teen captains, that previous to the execution of the dam 
at Winne's bar, the channel way at the upper end of 
Beekman's or Schodack creek was wide, and extended 
almost to the east shore ; that there then existed no bar 
or shoal at that place ; but that since the erection of 
the dam, a shoal had been gradually increasing at that 
point, and that the channel way there had become quite 
narrow and difficult of navigation. This paper was signed 
by Samuel Wiswall, Daniel Peck, Isaac Newton, Isaac 
Eeeler, Jeremiah Austin, Jasper S. Keeler, James N. 
Cobb, George Monteath, Henry Green, Austin Matson, 
Roorback, Thomas S. Donnelly, David Attwood, Barnum 
Whipple. 

John Randel, Jr., in confirmation of the above, al^o 
stated that the deep water in front of Castleton, although 
embodied in a descending mass of from sixteen to twenty- 
three feet in depth, at common high water, and confined 
on the east by the shore, and on the west by an extensive 
sand bar, bare at low water, to a breadth of only forty- 
eight rods, had not sufficient momentum to dislodge the 
shoal formed in the midst of the channel; but on the 
contrary had, at that very spot, deposited a bed of sand 
eight feet in depth, forming the Castleton shoal. 

James Wynkoop certified that since the building of 
dams above Albany, islands and shoals had been formed 
below; and that to his perfect recollection, he had fished 
in deep water where the island above Bath, and below 
the first dam was then seated; and that since the erection 
of the dams, in general the fisheries had been very 
materially damaged. 

An estimate of the expense of improving the navigation 
of the Hudson rfver, on the plan of Mr. Gouldbourn, by 
means of alternate piers, 2000 feet apart, and raised to 
the level of high water mark; and. also by submarine 



N&ies from the Newspapers. 145 

excavations, the produce of which it wsls contemplaled to 
deposit behind the piers ; the work to reach from Troy 
to Coeymans overslaugh, was estimated at two millions, 
seventy-six thousand, one hundred and five dollars, 
eighty-nine cents. 

D. K. Van Vechten, who had been a partner witn 
William Seymour in the book«binding business, now 
advertised books at 38 State street. Mr. Seymour con- 
tinued book-binding at No. 73 State street. 

April. 1, — William James gave notice that he had 
withdrawn himself from the superintendence of his com- 
mercial concerns, and had relinquished that part of his 
business to his son; who would conduct it in future 
under the firm name of Robert James & Co., holding 
himself accountable for the engagements of the firm. 

April. 6. — The firm of Pratt & Durant, consisting of 
Ralph Pratt and William Durant, was dissolved. 

At the election for governor, Albany county gave 
Clinton 1720 votes, and Tompkins 1028. 

The expense of transporting a barrel of flour from 
Cayuga lake to Albany was $2 "50, before the opening of 
the canal. . 

April. 11. — A loaf of superfine inspected flour to 
weigh 3 lbs. 11 oz. for Is. and 1 lb. 12 oz. for 6d.; of 
common or mixed flour, 4 lbs. 6 oz. for Is., or 2 lbs. 3 oz. 
for 6d. 

April. 12. — Cornelius W. and David W. Groesbeeck 
commenced the auction business. The other auctioneers 
at this time were Asahel Hall, Henry A. Williams, Wm. 
Clench, John Jauncey, Benjamin V, Clench and John 
M. Cuyler. (Samuel Morgan, resigned.) 

Mr, Trowbridge, who kept the Museum, advertised as 
an attraction, **one of the largest animals of the United 
States, a BucJc Moose ^ from Jefferson county, six feet 
six inches high, with full grown horns complete.*' 

April. 22. — Thomas Gould was buried from his dwell- 
ing house No. 18 Montgomery street. 

Theodore Ostrander, late of Albany, died at New York 
aged 30. 



146 Notts from the Newspapers. 

At the election for state officers a larger number of 
votes was polled than usual, De Witt Clinton received 
883, D. D. Tompkins 239, Clinton's majority in the 
county was 692. 

April. 27. — William Durant advertised that he had 
taken his brother Clark Durant into partnership, and 
had commenced business under the firm of William 
Durant & Co., at the fire proof store on the dock, corner 
of Hamilton street, in front of the Eagle Tavern. 

Barent Bleecker was elected president of the Bank of 
Albany, in the place of the late John Van Schaick. 

May. 1. — The firm of Mather & Thome was dissolved. 
Elias Mather was for some years later a liquor merchant, 
doing business on the corner of State street and Middle 
lane now James street. 

May. 2. — The Rev. William Hogan designing to leave 
the city and accept a call to Philadelphia, the following 
citizens sent him their regrets: De Witt Clinton, John 
Tayler, John V. N. Yates, Archibald Mclntyre, William 
B. Lacy, P. S. Van Rensselaer, William James, Francis 
Bloodgood, Charles R. Webster. 

May. 6. — George A. Hoyt commenced business as a 
watchmaker and jeweler, on the corner of South Market 
and Hudson streets. He announced that besides his 
regular apprenticeship he had served a considerable time 
in New York for information, and upwards of Gye years 
with Mr. Joseph T. Rice in this city, and felt confident of 
his ability to do his customers justice. Mr. Hoyt con- 
tinued in business on that corner during bis life, and 
maintained a reputation for integrity, industry and fru- 
gality that always become the man of business. 

Christopher Dunn, who had occupied the old stone 
house in Green street, opened the Albany Cofiee House, 
corner of Green and Beaver streets, which he represented 
as being one of the most spacious, convenient and airy 
buildings in the city. 

May. 8 — The steam boats began to make four trips a 
week, instead of three. This change was made osten- 
sibly for the accommodation of way passengers. Those 



To Kinderhook, • 


1-50 


Coxsackie, • 


1-50 


Hudson, 


2-00 


Catskill, 


2-00 


Redhook, • • 


2-50 


Kingston, 


2-50 


Staatsburgb, * 


2-75 



Notes from the Newspapers. HI 

who have been .accustomed to consider the fare rather 
extortionate at $2, for a passage to New York, will be 
relieved of an imaginary grievance on consulting the 
following table of fares : 

Hydepark, ' 275 

Poughkeepsie, ' 3*00 

Newburgh, • 3*50 

West Point, • 3*75 

Caldwell's Landing, 4*00 

Verplank's Point, 4*00 

New York, • 6*00 

June. 2. — Abraham J. Lansing died aged 44. 

June. 5. — Elias Mather advertised that he had formed 
a copartnership with Finlay McNaughten, at the store 
lately occupied by Thomas Gould deceased, at No. 63 
State street. 

June. 10. — The Savings bank, the first in this city, 
was opened, and the sum of $527 was received from 21 
depositors, as follows: a silversmith, $25; a gentleman 
for his daughter, $45; a seamstress, $40; two mechanics, 
$22; three apprentices, $1 each; a laborer, $10; a clerk, 
$5 ; a lady, $50 ; a lady for her daughter, $25 ; another the 
same; a colored servant, $46; another, $3; a carman, $2 
a single man, $3; a widow, $200; a merchant, $15. On 
the 17th, $768 were received. 

June. 11. — Benjamin Ford, formerly deputy secretary 
of state, died, aged 40. 

June. 20. — At a meeting of the common council it was 
stated by one of the members that several of the magis- 
trates were willing to perform the duties of police justices 
without salary, and a resolution was offered to discon- 
tinue the payment of salary to that officer. The division 
on the question was as follows: 

For the affirmative, Messrs, Visscher, Trotter, Rus- 
sell, Keeler, Cassidy, Hart; 6. 

Negative: Messrs, Humphrey, Dudley, Bleecker, Treat, 

Gibbons, Dusenberry, Jenkins, Gansevoort, Wynkoop, 

Hooker, Snyder; 11. 



148 Not e% from the Newspapers. 

The board then elected Philip Phelps and Tunis Slin- 
gerland police magistrates, and John Meigs police con- 
stable. 

The firemen and a number of citizens went up to Troy, 
which' was visitd by a great conflagration which swept 
down the west side of River street, destroying by esti- 
mate a million of dollars worth of property. 

July. 9. — Henry Guest Jr., "one of the most respect- 
able merchants and a gentleman whose memory will 
long be cherished in the esteem and respect of a nu- 
merous acquaintance," died in the 61st year of his age. 
He had a leather store and factory on the corner of 
Church and Lydius streets, which he disposed of to 
Andrew ^ Light body a few months before his death. 
Lightbody had been a partner. 

July 18. — Swan & Thorpe advertised the Post Chaise 
Line of stages, running to Utica for $2 only, through in 
one day. They notified passengers destined to any place 
west or north of Utica, that this was the only line run- 
ning farther than that place. 

The price of bread was 59 oz. for 12J cts. The price 
of wheat was from 8s. to 9s. 

Early in August a geological survey of the county was 

'Commenced by Amos Eaton and T. R. Beck, under the 

direction of Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer. Every town 

was visited, and samples of all the soils, rocks, minerals, 

springs, &c. were taken. 

Aug. 24. — Peter Relyea and Thomas Wright entered 
into copartnership at 371 North Market street. They 
were successful in business, as merchant tailors, and had 
the lead of the profession several years. 

An apprentices' library was founded by a number. of 
citizens feeling an interest in the condition of young 
mechanics. 

William Mayell, who came from England in 1795 (see 
Annals iii, 172), and after a tour on horseback through 
the wilderness which then overshadowed the whole of 
the western part of this state, settled in Albany, where 
he established himself in business. At this time his 



Notes from the Newspapers. 149 

store was described in his advertisements as opposite the 
Eagle Tavern. It stood on the east side of Broadway 
below Hamilton street. He was the most extensive 
manufacturer of hats in the city; and besides being a 
good mechanic, made some pretensions to science. He 
was an active member of the Mechanics' Society, and 
afterwards of the Albany Institute. His sdvertisement 
is rather above the ordinary grade of those productions 
as a literary performance. 

'*The progressive improvement of American manu- 
facturers is admirably displayed in the article of Hat^, 
Not many years have elapsed since gentlemen of taste in 
dress almost invariably sought for English hats: now the 
case is reversed, and American Beavers command a 
decided preference. But a. still greater improvement has 
lately been made, which far exceeds all that England or 
France have yet done in this branch of manufacture. 
Imitation Beavers are now made, which for elegance of 
form, richness of lustre, and intensity of blackness, are 
equal to the real beaver, and may be purchased at less 
than half their price. Hats of the above description, 
together with a general assortment of ladies', gentlemen's 
and children's hats, of the newest fashion and best fabric, 
are for sale at Mayell's hat store opposite the Eagle 
Tavern, South Market street. 

Sept. — The Albany Library was removed from Chapel 
street to the large and spacious room over the store of 
Mr. John Pruyn fronting State street, one door north of 
the Albany Bank, now the site of the Exchange building. 
^ Sept. 1. — D. K. Van Vechten. who since the dissolu- 
tion of the firm of Van Vechten & Seymour, had done bus- 
iness at 41 Dock street, gave notice of his intention to 
remove from the city, and recommended to the public for 
patronage, his late partner William Seymour, as "a 
young man every way qualified to give general satisfaction 
in his line of business, and as well worthy of encourage- 
ment." 

A survey of the road from Albany to New York was 
made some years previous to this by John Randel, Jr., 



150 Notes from the Newspapers. 

under the direction of the board of common council, by 
which it appeared that the distance was more than one 
hundred and fifty miles by the post road. Mr. Randel 
proposed certain alterations in the road which would 
leduce the distance by the traveled rout. Various al- 
terations and improvements in accordance with his re- 
commendation had now been made, and by a new survey 
it was ascertained that the distance had been reduced to 
one hundred and forty four miles. This inured to the 
advantage of the business portion of community, as the 
postmaster-general had his attention called to the circum- 
stance, and the postage was reduced from 18| cts. to 12^ 
cts. on letters between the two cities. The postmaster- 
general rated the distance 145 miles; but the editor of 
the Daily Advertiser averred that it was not more than 
135 by land, over the post route; 

The price of bread was Is. for a loaf of 3 lbs. 11 oz. 
superfine inspected flour, and 6d. for 1 lb. 12 oz; of com- 
mon or mixed bread, 4 lbs. 6 oz. for Is. or 2 lbs. 3oz. 
for 6d. The same as in April, although wheat was 6s. 

The partnership between Christian Miller and Jacob 
J. Fort was dissolved, and Mr. Miller took his son William* 
C. into partnership, at the store No. 56 State street. 

Sept, 4. — The firm of Caldwell & Solomons, consisting 
of James Caldwell and Levy Solomons, carrying on the 
tobacco business, was dissolved, the latter continuing the 
business, at 346|North Market street, above the modem 
Bleecker Hall. 

Sept. 10. — Mrs. Catharine, wife of Abraham Van Vech- 
ten, died, aged 54. 

Sept. 12. — Complaints having been made of the assize 
of bread, it was altered so as to give 63 oz. for Is. This 
was still 2 oz. less than the New York standard. 

Sept. 13. — Obadiah Fenniman, formerly a bookseller in 
Albany, died at Troy, aged 44. He came to Albany 
luider the auspices of Isaiah Thomas, of Worcester, 
Massachusetts. 

Sept. 19. — William Powell, one of the proprietors of 



Notes from the Newspapers. 151 

the western line of stages, died on the road to Schenec- 
tady of an apoplectic fit. 

Capt. Dayid Van Der Heyden, an ofiicer in the war of 
1812, died. 

Sept. 20. — Mr. and Mrs. Saunders opened a school for 
young ladies at 678 South Market street where a great 
many accomplishments were added to the usual branches 
of learning taught in schools at this time. 
I Sept. 24. — Jacob Vander Heyden was buried from his 
residence No. 85 North Pearl street. 

Oct. — Charles Parks, usually called the common show 
man, died, aged nearly 40. His weight was over 300 lbs. 

A good deal of interest was felt by some of the citizens 
in having the parks at the head of State street improved 
in their appearance, which does not seem to have been 
highly ornamental at this time. The subject was agi- 
tated through the medium of the newspapers, and it was 
finally announced, on the 21st October, that " a party of 
spirited gentlemen are to turn out in the morning to 
work on the public square." 

Timothy Clo'.ves, who had been some time before rector 
of St. Peter's Church in this city, now advertised The 
Hempstead Academy and School for Foreigners, of 
which he was the principal. 

The census of the city as computed by Calvin Pepper, 
was 5653 white males; 6144 white females; 110 slaves; 
634 free blacks: total 12,541. Increase in ten years, 
1779. 

Oct. 26. — The steam boat Paragon, on her upward 
trip, was supposed to have sunk in shallow water about 
three miles below the city. The horse boat went down 
and took off the passengers. It was found that the boat 
had only grounded, and received but slight damage. 

Nov. 3. — The firm of William H. Seymour & Co. con- 
sisting of William H Seymour & Russell Forsyth, was 
dissolved. Mr. Forsyth retiring, and Robert M. Seymour 
taking his place, at No. 2 State street. 

John Champlin, formerly a lawyer in this city, died 
at Kingston, Ulster county. 



152 Notes from the Newspapers, 

Nov. 7. — At the annual meeting of the legislature De 
Witt Clinton sent in his message, which occupied three 
and a half columns of the Daily Advertiser. John C. 
Spencer received 52 votes for the office of speaker of the 
house, which was a minority of 17. Derrick L. Vander 
Heyden of Albany was elected clerk by 63 votes; Aaron 
Clark, the former clerk, receiving 62. The members of 
the house of Assembly for Albany, were Gerrit Hogan, 
James McKown, Moses Smith, Stephen Willes. 

The Mechanics' Academy, Mr. Mills having resigned, 
was placed under the management of Elias Warner. 
Thomas Russell, Elisha Dorr and John Meads received 
applications for admission. 

Nov. 13. — The majority of the common council being 
democratic, the old federal officers were removed. John 
Bogart, chamberlain, was succeeded by Henry W. Snyder. 
Dr. Eights, city physician, gave place to Christopher C« 
Yates. Philip S. Van Rensselaer resigned the office of 
mayor, which he had held a greater number of years 
than any of his predecessors. 

Nov. 20. — Mrs. Margaret Chinn was buried from her 
residence No. 26 Maiden lane. She presented to the 
General Synod of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, 
a case of books valued at $860, but a short time before 
her death, which occurred on the 17th of November in 
the 79th year of her age. She was the Widow of Edward 
Chinn, and was endowed with many enobling qualities. 

A chamber of commerce was formed this year of which 
Nicholas Bleecker. Jr., was secretary, 

Nov. 30. — A number of citizens having formed the 
project of an apprentices library, advertised for donations 
of books, John Cook, who had a reading room at No. 
353 North Market street, was appointed libarian. The 
committee consisted of Charles R. Webster, Ebenezer 
Baldwin, Gideon Hawley,* Solomon Southwick, Ben- 
jamin Knower, Asa H. Centre, John Meads,* N. H. 
Carter, I. Q. Leake,* Spencer Stafford, William Mayell, 
Daniel Carmichael, Philip Hooker, Joseph Fry,* On the 

♦ Surviving, 1855. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 153 

Ist December Mr. Cook acknowledged the receipt of 30 
Toluraes from De Witt Clinton, 29 from Philip S. Van 
Rensselaer, and 19 from Chancellor Kent. 

Dec. 4. — The firm of Pemberton & Mitchell was dis- 
solved, and John I. Mitchell admitted his brother, 
William, into copartnership, under the firm name of 
W. & J. I. Mitchell, dealing in groceries and provisions. 

Dec. 5. — At the annual meeting of the Chamber of 
Commerce, the following were elected officers for the 
ensuing year : Isaiah Townsend, president; Joseph Alex- 
ander, William James, and Charles E. Dudley, vice 
presidents; S. P. Jermain, treasurer; N. Bleecker, Jr.,. 
secretary. The Board of Commerce and Improvements 
consisted of William McHarg,* Israel Smith, Peter 
Boyd, Willian} Durant, John Brinckerhoff, Thomas 
Russell, Jacob H. Ten Eyck,* Jamqs B. Douglas, Allen 
Brown, George W. Stanton, Asa H. Center, John 
Spencer, James Keeler, John Townsend, William 
Walker, Douw B. Slingerland, Volkert P. Douw,* 
Robert Shepherd, William W. Staats, Charles R. 
Webster, Joshua Tuffs, Ephraim Wilder, Jr., John 
Still well, James Mabbett, James Thorne. , 

Dec. 18. — ^The common council decided that it was 
inexpedient any longer to continue the regulation con- 
cerning the assize of bread, and appointed a committee 
to prepare and report an ordinance for the future regu- 
lation of the bakers. > 

Dec. 21. — The New York mail stage broke through 
the ice in crossing the river, and sunk in fifteen feet 
water. A reward of twenty dollars was offered for the 
rescue of the mail, which was fished up, and dried, and 
remailed. None of the passengers ventured to cross in 
the stage; the driver was rescued with difficulty; three 
horses were drowned; the stage and baggage were finally 
recovered, and proprietors suffered a loss of about five 
hundred dollars, 

Dec. 22.T-The second centennial anniversary of the 

- * Survivors, 1855. 

[Annals^ m«] 14 



154 Notes from the Newspapers. 

landing of the pilgrims at Plymouth, was celebrated in 
this city by New Englanders. A sermon was preached 
by Dr. Chester, in the Second Presbyterian Church, and 
a supper given at the Mansion House of N. S. Skinner. 

Dec. 30. — The house of Mrs. W. Groesbeek, in North 
Market street took fire and was burned, together with 
that of Israel Smith, adjoining. The fire took place at 
%5 o'clock in the morning, the weather being unusually 
dreary and inclement, and the streets glare with ice. 

Mrs. Sidney Lewis, relict of the late Robert Lewis, 
died, aged 77. 

1821. 

Jan. 11. — William Barclay died, at the island of Ber- 
muda, whither he had gone for the recovery of health. 

Jan. 18. — The Daily Advertiser began to publish a 
regular journal of the proceedings of the house of assem- 
bly, and gave occasional sketches of the debates. These 
had been attempted by the same paper before, but were 
attended with discouragements, which led to their discon- 
tinuance. 

Jan. 25. — ^The Board of Agriculture imported a library 
from England, which was placed in the hands of the editor 
of the Plough Boy, Solomon ^outhwick, as secretary of 
the board.. 

The common council removed from the office of city 
superintendent Capt. David Olmsted, who had enjoyed 
it for many years, and appointed Philip Hooker in 
his place. They at the same time dismissed Tunis 
Slingerland, one of the police magistrates, on the score 
of economy, under the presumption that the duties of 
the office could be performed by one magistrate, Mr. 
Philip Phelps. John E. Lovett was at this time attorney 
to the board. 

From the comptroller's report for 1821, it appears 
that the aggregate valuations of real and personal 
estates in the county, were, for 1818, $13,986,143; for 
1819, $7|633.881; for 1821, |7,63l,583. 

Jan. 29 — Henry C. Southwick, brother of Solomon 
South wick, died at New York. 



Ndesfrom the 'Newspapers. 155 

The Albany Female Society in aid of Missions was 
formed. 

Feb. 2. — An ice-boat with sails, having five passen- 
gers on board, arrived from Athens, a distance of thirty 
miles, in 1 hour, 32 minutes. It is represented as 
beingof a triangular shape, with two parallel run- 
ners, a rudder, bowsprit, mainsail, and jib. It would 
go either before or against the wind with great 
velocity. 

Feb. 3. — Websters & Skinners advertised a vindication 
of the Claim of Elkanah Watson to the Merit of project- 
ing the Lake Canal Policy, as created by the canal act 
of 1792. And also a Vindication of the claim of the late 
Gen. Schuyler, to the merit of drawing the act and pro- 
curing its passage through the legislature: by Robert 
Troup. 

Feb. 13. — ^The council of appointment removed Archi- 
bald Mclntyre from the office of comptroller, and An- 
thony Lamb from that of commissary-general. William 
L. Marcy was appointed adjutant-general in the place of 
Solomon Van Rensselaer. Some of the most prominent 
citizens gave Mr. Mclntyre a public dinner. George 
Merchant was appointed clerk in the place of Henry 
Truax; Benjamin F. Butler district attorney in the place 
of Samuel A. Foot; and Abraham E. Ten Eyck surrogate 
in the place of Ebenezer. Baldwin. 

A swine was exhibited at Winants' stable in Beaver 
street, *• for the moderate price of one shilling," which 
measured ten feet in length, and seven feet around the 
.body; its weight 1100 pounds. 

Feb. 19. — Robert Lincoln died, aged 30. He was a 
native of Boston, and came to this city in 1811, where 
he was greatly esteemed for many virtues of character. 
He was connected with the military establishments of 
the city, and a battalion of the rifle corps performed 
his funeral obsequies. 

Feb. 20.— Ann, wife of Pierre Van Cortland, died, 
and was buried from the house corner of Steuben and 
North Market street. 



156 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 22. — John 0. Cole was appointed one of the 
justices of the Justices' Court and a justice of the 
peace, in the place of Leonard H. Gansevoort, declined. 
Welcome Esleeck was appointed superintendent of com- 
mon schools, in place of Gideon Hawley, removed. 

The anniversary of Washington's birthday was cele- 
brated, and an address delivered in the Baptist church 
by Hooper Cumming. 

March 5. — William Caldwell advertised his intention 
to retire from business ; advertised his stock of goods 
for sale, and his store, No. 64 (now 58) State street, to 
let. 

March. 8, — Mr, Hotchkiss of Niagara, reported a bill 
to the house of assembly, authorizing a fdnd to be raised 
for the support of female literature, which was ordered 
to be printed. It proposed a tax on bachelors over 28. 
A notice was immediately inserted in the Daily Advertiser, 
calling a meeting of bachelors at Skinner^s Long Room, 
in Market street, for the purpose of remonstrating against 
the passage of the bill, and a punctual attendance re- 
quested. 

March 27.— John C. Fredenrich died, aged 69. His 
fiineral was attended by the members of the Mechanic's 
society. 

Captain Bartholomew, who had commanded the steam 
boat Richmond, was superseded by Capt. Center, Capt. 
Wis wall sailed the Chancellor Livingston. 

April 12. — Hooper Cumming gave notice that he 
would commence a course of lectures on Elocution at 
he Albany Academy on Tuesdays and Fridays, at $5 
the course. 

The legislature reduced the pay of its members in the 
future to three dollars a day. The per diem had been 
four dollars. The reduction of salaries efifected by this 
session amounted to $22,220 a year. 

Solomon Van Rensselaer was elected congressman at 
the April election. 

April 29. — William Patterson died, aged 81. 

May l,^»Israel W. Clark proposed to revive the 



Notes from the Newspapers. 157 

Albany Register, ** the recollection of which was so dear 
to the old republicans of this state." \ 

May 11.— Martin Van Buren and B. F. Butler, coun- 
selors at law, removed their office to 353 North Market 
street, next door to Rockwell's Mansion House. 

An election was held on the 26th of April for members 
of congress and the state legislature. At this date the 
returns were not all received in this city. 

In the fall of 1820, money was raised by subscription 
for improving the square in front of the Capitol. This 
year it was proposed to raise a thousand dollars for im- 
proving the Academy square, to correspond with it. It 
was thought that this square could be improved in. such 
a way as to render the lots on the north side of it which 
were now perfectly useless, desirable for buildings, that 
would^ " command a most beautiful prospect, be retired 
from the ordinary bustle of a town, and combine the 
healthfulness of a country situatidn." 

May 23. — The state canvassers met in this city and 
examined the votes of the state. Archibald Mclntyro 
received, in Albany county, 1533 votes for senator; 
Abraham Hasbrouck, 1519; Lake Wells, 1106; Far- 
rand Stranahan, 1109. 

A vote was taken at the same time on the question of 
a convention to revise the constitution of the state. 
The vote of the county was 3012 for the convention; 
opposed 1414. 

May 24. — *'A good and substantial horse boat" was in 
operation at the North ferry. Foot passengers paid 3 
cts. ; carriages 9 cts. 

May 27. — John Nicholson, aged 47, died in this city; 
formerly a representative in congress from Herkimer 
county. 

There was a great deal of complaint about these* days 
against the extravagance of salaries. Some one thought 
the police justice received too much money. His salary 
was f 300. As poor master he received $100 more. Not 
satisfied with salaries attached to these offices, it was 
proposed that he should receive a dollar for every bond 



158 Notes from the Newspapers, 

he should execute, which would gire him about |250 
more. These salaries look ridiculously diminutive now, 
after a lapse of thirty-five years. When the office was 
first created, the salary was made $80 a year for two 
days' service in each week. Afterwards, when these ser- 
vices were required daily, they were $200, $300, $400^ 
and even $500; at one time it was thought to have 
reached $600; then two justices were employed at $500 
each. But recent retrenchment had reduced the office to 
one incumbent at $300, the duties at this time being per- 
formed by Mr. Philip Phelps, now deputy comptroller. 

May 28. — Russell Forsyth gave notice that he had 
withdrawn from the firm of W. H. Seymour & Co. and 
connected himself with Friend Humphrey, under the firm 
name of Forsyth & Humphrey, dealing in hides and 
leather. 

May 29. — The candidate Henry N. Pohlman, of Albany, 
was ordained a pastor in the Evangelical Lutheran 
church, at New York, the Rev. F. A. Mayer, of Albany, 
preaching the ordination sermon. He proposed to take 
charge of the Lutheran Congregation at Ramapo and 
Sadillerine. 

June 4. — The trustees of the Albany Academy adver- 
tised for proposals for removing about 10,000 loads of dirt 
from the Academy square to the corporation lots on Elk 
street, and Spencer street. 

June 7. — John Dey Ermand, merchant, died, aged 41. 
He was a native of Belfast, Ireland, and he resided here 
eleven years. 

June 18. — Giles Bogart died, aged 40. 

June 21. — A negro concealed himself in the State Bank 
building with a view to robbing tbe bank, but was dis- 
covered by Mr. Yates as he was going to bed, atid secured 
after a desperate struggle and sent to jail. 

June 26. — The corner stone of the Female Academy 
was laid in Montgomery street M 11 o*clockin the fore- 
noon by the Rev. John Chester, in presence of the trustees 
and a numerous assemblage. 

June 29, — The steam boat United States was put on 



Notes from the Newspapers. 159 

the river, running between Albany and Perth Amboy, 
touching at New York. She was advertised to leave 
Albany every Monday and Thursday, at 5 -o'clock in the 
morning. Fare. $4; freight, 25 cts. per 100 lbs. An 
injunction was granted against this boat July 2, 1821. 

June 28. — Henry J. Bogart died, aged 92. 

The vote for delegates to the convention for the 
revision of the constitution stood as follows : 

FEDERAL TICKET. 

S. Van James Ambrose Abraham 

Rensselaer. Kent. Spencer. V.Vechten, 

City of Albany, 1025 980 978 996 

Watervliet 223 214 214 217 

Bethlehem 463 444 442 438 

Westerlo, 325 315 315 319 

Bern, 505 491 491 505 

Guilderlaiid,... 233 228 234 230 

Rensselaerville, 180 179 . 179 180 * 

Coeymans, 76 76 72 73 

^^■•^^^ wa^na^B ^a^a^B^^ M>^^^_aM 

3031 2927 2925 2957 

REPUBLICAN TICKET. 

John V.N. Wm. A. Archibald Jesse 
Yates. Duer. Stephens. Wood. 

City of Albany, 1170 1135 1118 1119 

Watervliet, ... 92 86 89 89 

Bethlehem, 236 202 207 207 

Westerlo, 214 2ll 223 219 

Bern, 247 227 227 233 

Guilderland,-.. 163 157 149 148 

Rensselaerville, 318 318 318 318 

Coeymans, 321 321 323 323 

2765 2657 2644 2656 

There is a slight discrepancy in the footings. 
July 4.— *Robert James, son of William James of this 
city, died at Geneva, where he was on a visit, aged 24. 
This anniversary was celebrated by the citizens , the 



160 Notes from the Newspapers. 

customary oration being delivered by Dirck L. Vander 
Heyden. 

July 16. — The justice's court was removed from the 
Capitol to the newly erected court room in South Pearl 
street. 

The expense of transporting a ton weight from Albany 
to Buffalo, now that a part of the canal was completed, 
was $50. 

Aug. 15 — Terence O'Donnell, merchant, formerly of 
Albany, died at Stillwater, aged 73. 

Aug. 17. — John Reid, an Albany merchant, died at 
Saratoga Springs, aged 43. 

Aug. 19 — The Rev. John Summerfield preached in the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and a collection was taken 
up for the benefit of the church, which amounted to 
$95*12. On the evening of the 21st he preached in St. 
Peter's and a collection was taken up for the same object 
amounting to $88. 

Aug. 27 — Dr. Gannon informed his friends and the 
citizens of Albany in general, that in consequence of his 
health being injured by the fatigue of many years' country 
practice, he had removed into town, and resided at No. 
6 South Pearl street, opposite Fly Market. 

Aug. 28. — The convention for the revision of the con- 
stitution of the state met at the Capitol. Daniel D. 
Tompkins was chosen president; John F. Bacon and 
Samuel S. Gardner, secretaries; Henry Fryer sergeant- 
at-arms. 

Aug. 30. — The Chancellor Livingston steam boat 
brought up a band of music, for the entertainment of 
her passengers. This was the introduction of that pecu- 
liar attraction on the North River boats. 

Aug. 31. — Henry Trowbridge gave notice that he had 
added the New Hay^en museum^to his own collection, 
and that it was superior in natural and artificial curiosi- 
ties to every other in the country except Peal's in Phila- 
delphia. 

Sept. 1. — Dirk Van Schelluyne offered a large quantity 
of real estate in various parts of the city for sale. 



\ . 



Notes from the Newspapers, 161 

Among other parcels is '* one large lot, containing about 
two acres bounded on Lydius and Hamilton streets, occu- 
pied by the North River steam boat company as a wood 
yard." 

The Rev. John McDonald died at his residence No. 
41 North Pearl street, and was buried on the 3d. 

Sept. 2. — ^Daniel Hale died. Also William H. Seymour. 

Sept. 18 — Gerrit Heyer died, aged 83. 

David Schuyler, formerly of Albany, died at Amsterdam; 
John Van Vechten, merchant, died at New York; 
formerly of Albany. Joseph Bingham, formerly of this 
city, died at Delaware, Upper Canada, on the 10th Sep- 
tember. 

Oct. 10. — The Albany County Agricultural Society 
held its third anniversary. The members assembled at 
Skinner's Mansion House, and after having elected their 
officers for the ensuing year, marched in procession to 
the Lancaster schoolhouse, preceded by a cart drawn by 
six oxen, decorated with the flags of the society, and 
literally loaded with . specimens of household manu- 
factures, and the choicest productions of the earth; 
bearing also a stand, which displayed to great advantage 
the plate intended for premiums. Having with great 
difficulty on account of the press of the people, obtained 
an entrance into the school room, and order being restored, 
the Rev. Dr. Chester addressed the throne of grace in an 
appropriate prayer, after which the annual address was 
delivered by Jesse Buel. The reports of the committees 
were read by the Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer, presi- 
•dent of the society. Among the awards was one of $10 
to Jesse Buel, for the best two acres of wheat in the city 
of Albany. Among the products of the city, were the 
following: 39 bushels 12 quarts of wheat from an acre; 
another, of 37 b. 16 q. ; spring wheat, 26 b. 8 q. ; corn, 133 
b. 16 q. ; another, 90 b. ; oats, 74 b. 22 q. ; potatoes, 430 
b. For the second best two acres of wheat, to Isaac 
Gibson $5. Jesse^Buel for the best two acres of Indian 
corn, $10; Eli Perry $5 for the second best. 
Oct. 21. — ^Francis M. South wick, oldest son of Solomon 



162 Notes from the Newspapem. 

• 

Southwrick, died, aged 23. His funeral was attended by 
the mililarj, of which he was an officer. 

Oct. 24. — Col. John Visscher died, aged 85. 

Oct. 26.— Wheat sold in the city at 14s. 6d., or, $1-81. 
On the 27th it went up to 16s. Id., or, $2*01. On the 
30th, "in consequence of the news brought up by the 
steam boat." it fell to 12s. 

Oct. 29.-r-The steam boat Chancellor Livingston, 
which left Albany this day, grounded on the overslaugh, 
and remained there twenty-nine hours. The Richmond, 
which went down the next day, ran aground also, and 
was detained four hours. The editors of the Daily Ad- 
vertiser called upon the citizens to exert themselves to 
deepen the channel, lest the canals which were fast 
approaching the city, should be carried down to a point 
below these obstructions. 

Nov. 3. — Mrs. Catharine Groesbeeck died, aged 73, 
widow of William Groesbeeck. 

Nov. 6. — Dirck Leaman was buried this day from his 
dwelling 48 Chapel street. 

John McDqle was buried from his house in Liberty 
street. 

Nov. 10. — The state convention for the revision of the 
constitution, which had been in session at the Capitol 
seventy-five days, adjourned. The final vote on the 
adoption of the constitution was 98 to 8, eighteen mem- 
bers being absent. 

Nov. 5 — The common council passed a law abolishing 
all previous laws regulating the price of bread and in- 
spection of flour, so far as they required the licensing of 
bakers or the weight of bread; but required bakers to 
stamp their loaves with their initials and the weight 
thereof. 

Nov. 17. — It was announced that wheat was again 
going up, the price having reached 10s. 6d.; on the 20th, 
it had attained 12s. 6d. 

Nov. 25. — The Rev. Hooper Cumming delivered a 
lecture in the Baptist church for the benefit of the Sun- 
day School Union, and a collection amounting to $91*70 
was taken up. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 163 

Not. 28. — ^A yoke of oxen, said to be the best fatted 
ever exhibited in this city, were to be seen at Fly Market ; 
their weight being 3000 lbs. each. They were raised at 
Hartford, Vermont. 

Junius W. Roorback, son of A. H. Roorback, of this 
city, died at Samarang, island of Java, aged 20. 

Nov. 24. — A report was made by Absalom Townsend, 
B. Brinckerhoff and Thedore Se^wick on the state of 
the schools in the city under the Union Sunday School 
Society. It appears that there were at this time ten 
Sunday schools as follows : 

First African, 41 scholars. 

Second African, 30 do 

Second Presbyterian,. 45 do 

South Dutch 64 do 

First Episcopal, 59 do 

Lutheran, 34 do 

Baptist,^ ^ — 26 do 

Second Episcopal 33 do 

First Presbyterian, -.56 do 

North Dutch, 90 do 

The last named school was not organized until the 
28th December, 1820. 

Complaint was made that the meetings of the common 
council had been changed from ten o'clock in the forenoon, 
to the " evening after dark," much to the detriment of 
business, and the interests of the city. 

1822. 

Jan. 1. — The legislature met. The members of the 
house of assembly for Albany county were James Mc- 
Kown, William McKown, Volkert D. Oothout and John P. 
Shear. Charles E. Dudley and Archibald Mclntyre were 
in the senate. 

Jan. 6. — The cold was so great that the thermometers 
in some parts of the town went down to 14 degrees 
below zero. 



164 Not 69 from the Newspapers. 

Jan. 14. — It was announced that Solomon Southwick 
had been removed from the office of postmaster, and Gen. 
Solomon Van Rensselaer, then a member of congress 
from this county, appointed in his place. Gen. Van 
Rensselaer returned from congress immediately and re- 
signed his seat. Th^ governor on the I4th ordered an 
election to take place on the 5th of February to fill the 
vacancy. 

The thermometers indicated 14 degrees and 15 degrees 
below zero in various parts of the city. 

The votes cast in the county on the adoption of the 
amended constitution were as follows: 

Yes. No. 

Albany 690 614 

Watervliet, 95 208 

Bethlehem, 169 412 

Guilderland, 127 163 

Coeymans, 235 54 

Niskeuna, 9 52 

Berne, 195 269 

Westerlo, 160 149 

Rensselaerville, .234 112 

The vote of the county was a majority of seventy-six- 
against the constitution; 1905 yes, 1981 no. 

The Rev. William Neill, late of Albany, edited the 
Presbyterian Magazine, which was begun in January, 
1821, at Philadelphia. 

Feb. 3. — Ur, James Low died, aged 40. He was 
buried at Charlton, Saratoga county, and the members 
of the medical society resolved to wear crape on the left 
arm for the space of thirty days, as a tribute of respect to 
bis memory. 

Feb. 7 — The county having established the poor house 
farm, a committee of the common council reported the ^ 
following bill of fare : 

Breakfast and Supper. — Milk porridge four times a 
week, and mush and milk three times a week, with 
bread. 



Notes from the Newspapers, 165 

Dinner. — Sunday, rice, or Indian meal pudding, with 
milk and molasses and bread. Monday, pork, with beans 
or peas, vegetables, and bread. Tuesday, soup, vege* 
tables, and bread. Wednesday, beef, vegetables, and 
brtead. Thursday, soup, vegetables, and bread. Friday, 

fork or beef, with peas or beans, vegetables, -and 
read. Saturday, fish, salt or fresh, with vegetables and 
bread. The superintendent might occasionally substi- 
tute dishes of other- meats in lieu of the above, provided 
the expense wus not increased, and occasionally allow 
tea and sugar, to the aged and infirm. 
Feb. 14. — John H. Eversten died. 
Feb. 16. — The house of Solomon Van Rensselaer, 
just below the city line, was destroyed by fire. It being 
supposed that the house was set on fire by incendiaries, 
the governor offered a reward of $500, and Gen. Van 
Rensselaer offered $500 more for the discovery of the in- 
cendiaries; the common council added $250. 

The plan of a turnpike road on the east side of the 
Hudson river, through the highlands, to connect the 
cities of New York and Albany by a good road, was - 
first projected in Poughkeepsie, in the winter of 1800. 
It was then generally considered to be a visionary 
scheme, unworthy of serious attention, and absolutely 
impracticable considering the obstacles to be encountered, 
especially over the highlands, and .that no one would 
think of subscribing to the stock with a view to any 
emolument. But as no steam boats were then in being, 
it was the only practicable land communication between 
these two cities; and yet the lives and limbs of travelers 
were in daily jeopardy. The first attempt to obtain an 
act of incorporation failed, and when finally the law 
passed, it was regarded by many as a dead letter. The 
patriotism of a few gentlemen induced them to subscribe 
to the stock. It was thought that these liberal men 
could not have entertained a hope that the tolls would 
ever exceed the amount sufficient to keep the roads ia 
repair. Up to this time $91,000 had been expended, of 
which $1,5000 was contributed by the state, and the 
[Annah, vii,] 15 



1 66 Notes from the Newspapers. 

whole line of road had been completed except 35 miles 
oyer the highlands. The legislature was petitioned for 
a loan of |30,000 to complete that portion of the road. 

Charles E. Dudley was reappointed mayor of the city. 

Feb. 21. — ^A severe thunder storm passed over the 
city, accompanied with vivid lightning, in the evening. 

The valuation of real and personal estate in the county 
of Albany for the year 1819, was |7,633,881; for 1820, 
♦7,630,583; for 1821, |7 ,484,647. 

Abraham A. Lansing died at his residence at Cherry 
Hill, aged 70. 

Feb. 22. — A sermon was preached to the members and 
patrons of the Apprentices' Library by the Rev. William 
B. Lacey, which was repeated at a future day, and after- 
wards published. ^ 

At an election for members of congress, the following 
rote was cast in this county : 

9. Van Solomon 

Rensselaer. South wick. 

Albany 734 455 

Bethlehem 365 19 

Westerlo 220 5 

Rensselaerville, 140 20 

Watervliet 153 

Guilderland, 183 

Berne, 402 

Coeymans, • — 69 

2266 499 

Mr. Southwick in a communication to the Dailv Ad- 
vertiser, says that he was not a candidate in the strict 
sense of the word; that it was considered useless by the 
democratic party to oppose a candidate to the patroon, 
and that there was no systematic effort against him. 

March. 4. — John Vernor, Jr., died, aged 51. 

March 6. — The ice in the Hudson river broke up, but 
Bavigation was not open to New York. 

The secretary of state reported to the legislature the 
account of the fees of certain officers, in which it appears 



Notes frani the Newspapers. 167 

that from May 1 to Nov, 1, 1821, the county clerk of 
Albany county swore to $300 fees. $62 office expenses; 
district attorney, $427, disbursements, $8; surrogate, 
$326, disbursements, $16. 

March 9. — ^At about five minutes past ten o'clock a 
meteor of extraordinary size and brilliancy passed over 
this city in a direction from north-east to southwest, 
leaving a trail of light of great length behind it. 

It was announced that the Rev. John Bassett, had 
finished the translation of Vander Donk's account of New 
Netherland, which had never been renderedrinto English. 
Mr. Bassett was now settled at Bush wick, on Long 
Island. 

The amount of money deposited in the savings bank 
during the second year of its business, was $14,333, by 
297 depositors. 

Anthony Van Schaick, counsellor, &c., formerly of 
Albany, died on the island opposite Lansingburgh, aged 
43. 

April 11. — Major John Lush was buried from his 
house No. 320 North Market street. 

April 17. — The legislature adjourned, having been 107 
days in session. 

April 23. — ^The remains of Jane McCrea having been 
removed to the burying ground at Fort Edward, the Rev. 
Hooper Gumming attended the ceremonies and preached 
a sermon on the occasion from Micah ii, 10. 

April 28. — Abraham Angus was buried from his resi- 
dence No. 54 Green street. 

April 29. — A quantity of silver plate stolen from the 
house of Mr. Thomas Shipboy in 1778, was found by a 
person plowing up a new field on the hill west of the city. 
The articles, consisting of a tea pot, coffee pot, sugar bowl, 
tea and table spoons, &c., were not materially injured, 
although they had been buried forty-four years. Only 
one of Mr. Shipboy's family was surviving at this time, 
the wife of Col. Sebastian Yisscher. 



(168) 



THE WHIRLIGIG. 



BY JOHN H, CANOLL. 



In the year 1812, the United States government 
purchased three hundred acres of land, lying nearly 
opposite the southern part of the city of Albany, and 
erected barracks and other buildings thereon for the use 
of a division of the army and the reception of recruits. 
The barracks comprised at least twelve distinct build- 
ings, constructed of wood; the greatest number of which 
were each of two stories and a basement, having a front 
of one hundred feet and a depth of thirty feet ; and all 
were united by colonnaded galleries which facilitated 
communication between the respective buildings. 

The undertaking had been projected with great liber- 
ality, and although, in its details, the original plan was 
not accurately adhered to, the accommodations were 
ample and extensive, and, including the cost of the 
grounds, must have involved the expenditure of nearly 
|lOO,000. 

The commanding officer at this post was Major* 
Oeneral Dearborn, of whose eccentricities of govern- 
ment many instances might be adduced. One of the 
peculiar features of the establishment was a mode of 
punishment called riding the whirligig. The instrument 
employed was a rudely-formed box or cage, made to 
revolve with great rapidity around an upright post that 
passed through it, sustaining the relation of a pivot. 
The invention of this mode of punishment has been 
very erroneously imputed to Gen. Dearborn, who merits 



The Whirligig. 169 

only the equivocal honor of extending its application to 
a wider range of offenses than that to which it had been 
restricted. The evidence of its prior use may be traced 
back into military antiquities. In Reese's Cyclopedia 
is a very brief description of the contrivance in ques- 
tion which is copied, almost verbatim, by Dr. Webster, 
in his lexicon, as follows: "Whirligig. — An instrument 
for punishing petty offenders, as sutlers, brawling 
women, etc.; a kind of wooden cage turning on a pivot, 
in which the offender was whirled round with great 
velocity." At the cantonment opposite Albany, the box 
was composed of a great number of slats, widely 
separated; the occupant was consequently exposed to 
the view of an idle crowd which this spectacle never 
failed to bring together, and whose vitiated tastes were 
thereby developed. The effect originally contemplated 
was, probably, the public humiliation of the culprit. 
Practically, however, other results ensued. The prison- 
er's hands being secured to the upper side of the box, it 
was made to revolve with a rapidity that soon caused 
extreme giddiness, and prevented the subject of this 
discipline from retaining an upright position, who however 
was prevented from falling, his hands being immovably 
fixed. Of course the arms were subjected to unwonted 
strain, and dislocations and other injuries were frequent. 
While the box was revolving, the sufferings of the 
culprit became momentarily more acute, and, if long 
sustained, finally reached a crisis of agony that was 
.frequently followed by temporary unconsciousness, and, 
sometimes, by permanent intellectual disturbances. 

In consequence of these results, this mode of punish- 
ment was soon discarded at the locality to which we 
have alluded, and probably has become obsolete in all 
civilized communities. Its use, it will be perceived, sub- 
jected the culprit to public shame, physical' injury and 
mental derangement — evils sufficient to warrant the 
cutting down of any whirligig, by whatever name it 
^ay be called. 



(170) 



BY-LAWS OF THE CITY OF ALBANY, 

1686. 

From the New York Colonial MSS. in the office of the Secretary of 

State, vol. xxziv. 



[The first page of the original MS. is lost.] 

Relating UttoCamt. — That there shall bee within this 
Citty and Libertyes thereof, Two or more ffitt persons 
yearly to be appointed by the Mayor for the viewing of 
wheate and all other grain within the same, who shall 
bee y^ Judges in all cases where any difference arises 
between the buyer and seller of and concerning the 
goodnesse of such corne who shall have for his paines for 
soe doing for each parcell of corne soe viewed, y® sum 
of 1 Id. if above 25 schiple if under nine pence. To bee 
payd by the buyer if that the said corne soe viewed prove 
to be good and by the seller, if that the same be otherwise 
than merchantable. 

[That all merchants and other persons that shall here- 
after Export or ship of out of this Citty and the Libertyes 
thereof, any wheat or other grain shall first catise the 
sayd viewers or one of them to view such come or other 
grain and obtain from them or one ,of them a certificate 
that the same Is good and merchantable, under the pen- 
alty of ffbrty shillings for every hundred scippel of corn 
(and so proportionably that shall bee otherwayes shipped 
of or Exported. That the viewers shall bee paid by the 
Exporter for such view & certificate one shilling. 

That noe master of sloops or other vesshell shall within 
the Citty or Libertyes thereof take on board or Remove 
any wheat or other grain Except such as shall have such 
certificates as aforesayd under the penalty of Twenty 
shillings for the first offence and fforty shillings for every 
other after.*] 

* The two paragraphs in brackets are partially erased in the MS. 



By- Lam of 1686« 171 

2d, Strangers. — That the constable of each ward and 
division within this Citty and Libertyes thereof doe from 
Tyme to Tyme make a strict search and Enquyre within 
their severall wards and divisions after all strangers 
that shall Come, Reside or Inhabit within their sayd 
seyeral wards or divisions and give a List and account 
of their names To the Mayor or In his absence to the 
Eldest Alderman that further examination may be made 
and orders therein to save this Citty from Charges, &c. 

That if any stranger or strangers whatsoever shall att 
any tyme hereafter come into any of the wards & di- 
visions of this Citty and Libertyes thereof and shall 
there Reside and Inhabit by the space of flForty days and 
a list or account qf his their names shall not before that 
time be given to the Mayor or Eldest Alderman as afore- 
sayd By the Constable of such ward or division and any 
charges doe fall on this Citty thereby, such charges 
shall bee particularly borne and defrayed By that ward 
or division wherein such stranger or strangers shall so 
Reside and Inhabit as aforesaid. And the Constable for 
his neglect shall forfeitt and pay the sum of Twenty 
shillings. 

That all and everye keeper of publique houses, tapp 
bouses or ordinaryes within the Citty or Libertyes there- 
of that shall Receive any person or persons to Lodge or 
Sojourn In their houses above two days shall before the 
third day after his or their comeing thither give know- 
ledge to the Constable of the ward or division where 
such person or persons shall bee so Receaved of the 
name surname dwelling place profession and trade of life 
and place of service of all such person or persons and 
for what cause hee or they came to Reside there, and 
noe keeper of such publique houses, Tapphouses, or or- 
dinaryes are to Lodge or Sojourn in their houses any sus- 
pected persons or men or women of Evlll names under 
the penaltye of Tenn shillings for each offence, &c. 

Carmen, — That there be five Carmen and noe more 
appoynted and allowed by the Mayor and Court of Alder- 
men for the service of the Citty and that none doe serve 
In that Capacity for hire or wages but who shall be ap- 



172 By-Lam of lesa. 

poynted and allowed. That the Carmen appoynted for 
^his Citty shall and doe fill up amend and repair the 
breaches in the streets and highways in and about this 
Citty when Required by the Mayor, gratis, That the 
said Carmen shall and doe weekly on everye Satur- 
day In the afternoon carry and carte the dirte out of all 
the streetes and lanes within the Citty and Convey the 
same to some convenient place where the same shall be 
appoynted to be leyed; provided the sayd dirte bee first 
swept together or Loaden or putt into their cartes by the 
Owners or Tenants of the house Before which the same 
lies. That the sayd Carmen are to have and Receive no 
more for a load to any place within the gates of the Citty* 
than three pence unless for timber, Lime pantiles, and 
Bricke Requiring time and care to load and unload they 
are to have sixpence for each load, &c. 

That when any corne or other goods Is Brought to the 
Citty the Carmen are Immediately to unload and dis- 
patch the same and if any Corne and meate bee in any 
boats they are with all possible speed to unload and 
house the same before other work done — all the sayd 
orders are to bee observed and kept by the Carmen of 
this Citty under the penalty of six shillings for the first 
offence, Twenty shillings for y® second and for the third 
to be putt out of their places. 

All the sayd Carmen are to behave themselves Civilly 
to all persons and be Careful! of all goods they are 
Imployed to carry and if any hurt or damage happen to 
any goods or merchandize what soever while under their 
Charge, through their fault, neglect or want of care they 
are to make sattisfaction for the same. 

That noe Negroe or other Slave doe drive any carte 
within this Citty under the penaltye of Twenty Shillings 
to be paid by the owner of such slave for Each offence. 
Brewers drays or Carriages for Beer only excepted, &c- 

Ffiremen. — That noe person or persons whatsoever 
within this Citty or Libertyes doe keep shop and sell any 
goods, wares by Retayle or Exercise any handicraft, 
trade or occupation But such as are fttee men thereof or 



By-Laws of 1686. 178 

soe admitted by the Mayor or Court of Aldermen for the 
tyme Being under penal ty of ffive pound for Each offence 
and all persons hereafter to bee made flFree shall pay as 
/bllows, Every Merchant, Trader or Shopkeeper the sume 
of three pounds twelve shillings & every handicraft man 
one pound sixteen shillings on being made ffree as afore- 
said for y« use of the Citty— That if a ffreeman shall bee 
absent outt of the Citty by the space of T waive months 
and not keep fire and candle and not pay scot and Lott 
bee shall lose his ffreedom, &c. 

Streets, — That no Carrion, Gutts, Garbidge ashes or 
any other kinds of dirte or filth whatsoever that may 
give anoyance bee thrown into any of the streets within 
this Citty undr the penaltye of 3 shillings and all person 
within this Citty are on Every Saturday morning when 
the season of the year and the Weather will permitt to 
clean the streets and sweep y^ dirte before their houses 
Into heaps and cause the same to bee Loaden and putt 
Into the Cartes which are oppoynted to carry away the 
same under the like penaltye — That no person or persons 
shall or doe shoot any Gunn or Pistol In .the street for 
wager or other wyse nor throw or castt any stone there 
under the penaltye of three shillings, &c. 

RetayJers of Liquors. — That none butt such as are 
Lycensed by the Mayor of this Citty for y« tyme being 
doe presume to keep publique houses or sell any wyne 
Rumm, Beer or other Liquors Either to Christians or ^ 
Indians by retayle or a less quant itye than ffive Gallons * 
within this Citty or Libertyes thereof under the penalty 
of ffive pounds for every or each offence, &c. 

Surveyors, — That there be sworn surveyors appoynted 
for this Citty by whose advice and directions y® Ground 
within this Citty shall bee built And that none doe build- 
before the front of their Ground be preised and layed out 
by -them and as they shall direct that a Regular ordr and 
uniformity bee kept and observed In the streets and 
Buildings and that none pave before Their houses but In 
such manner as appoynted by the sayd surveyor and that 
for Laying out of Each house Lott and Giving Certificate 



174 By-Lam of 1686. 

thereof the sayd surveyor shall have and Receive from 
the Ovirners thereof the sum of one shilling & six pence 

To prevent Fire, — That persons be annually appointed 
by the Mayor and aldermen to bee viewers and searchers 
of Chimneys fire hearthes and to make complaint and 
presentmt where they ffinde the same defective to the 
Court of Mayor and aldermen who are to order the same 
to be mendid and Repayred or In default to punish the 
offenders by fifine not exceeding Twenty shillings for each 
default, &c. 

That no person or persons do lay any hay straw or 
other combustable matter within their dwelling houses 
in the Citty or- places adjoining to the same butt att 
distance from their houses and the streets, &c. 

That provision bee made for hooks, Ladders and 
bucketts to bee kept In convenient places within this 
Citty for avoyding the perrill of ffire that if any person 
shall sufifer his Chimney to bee on ffire he shall pay the 
summe of 15 shillings. 

Negroes — ^That no person or persons whatsoever with- 
in this Citty and Libertys thereof doe harbour entertayne 
or countenance any Negro or Indian slave In their houses 
or otherwyse or sell or delyver to them any wine Rumm 
or other strong Liquor without Leave from the master or 
Receave or take from them any money or other goods 
on any other acco" whatsoever. Butt if any oflfer 
device or attempt mSide by any such slave soe to doe 
they are forthwith to Reveale the same to y® Mr. or 
owner of such slave or to the mayor of this citty or 
eldest alderman under the penaltye of ffive pounds. 

Market,^Tha.t Tuesday Weddensday and Saturday in 
each week be and are hereby appoynted market dayes 
in this citty for the exposing to sale at the market 
house all butchers meatt and flesh whatsoever. 

That ffish, butter, cheese, eggs, poultry, fruits, roots 
and herbs may bee sold every day in the week att any 
time in the market or other convenient place that noe 
person shall forestall any provisions or victuals coming 
to the market or to buy in any private or other place 



By-Laws of 1686, ITS 

than the markett under the paine of forfeiture of the 
same whether it hee found in y® hands of y^ huyer or 
seller. 

Noe person shall engrosse any provisions or victuals 
which is in y^ market or city for y® market to retaile 
these again especially such as he knowne for hucksters, 
butchers or other people occupy inge their living by such 
provision or victuall as they shall soe ingross under 
payne of forfeiture of such provisions and victuals soe 
ingrossed. 

Noe huckster shall engrosse any poultry, eggs, flesh 
or butter comeing to the market under paine of ffbrty 
shillings. 

Noe unwholesome or stale victuals shall be sold in the 
market under the payne of fforty shillings no blown meat 
or leprous swine shall be sold in ye market under y^ 
payne of fforfeiting the same and fforty shillings. 

That the Clerk of the market or his deputye is to 
take care that the above orders are duelye observed and 
present defaulte And sett out and appoynt conveninte 
hearths, stalls and standings for all persons that come 
to the market that the orders relating to the markett 
shall not bee put in execution until fiveteenth day of 
May next ensueing when the same is to bee duelye 
observed and kept. 

' Apprentices. — That noe person or persons whatsoever 
within this citty or the precincts and libertyes thereof 
hereafter bee permitted to exercise any handicraft, trade 
or other imployment untill he shall have served as an 
apprentice to some burger of this citty of such respect- 
ive employment for and dureing the term of flour whole 
years unlesse such person or persons shall have other- 
wayes been sufficiently qualified for such employment 
and have been admitted into y® flreedome of the sayd 
citty upon the payment of such admission money as 
herein before is mentioned upon penal tye of payeing 
for each offence the summe of Ten Shillings curr^ money 
of this country. 

Swine. — That from and aAer the first day of December 
next ensueing noe person or persons whatsoever shall 



176 By-Laws of 1680. 

keep any swine or hoggs abroad in the streets or else 
where within the libertyes and precincts of y® sayd citty 
upon paine and penaltye of paying for each hogg or 
swine so often as it shall bee so found abroad the sunime 
of six shillings. 

Provided all ways it shall and may bee lawfull to and 
for the mayor of the sayd citty for y® time being att his 
discretion to lycense such poor people as hee shall think 
fitt to keep hogs within the said citty precincts and 
libertyes thereof so all ways as the number of such hoggs 
lycensed by each person to be kept do not exceed three. 
And that the hoggs of such persons so lycensed to bee 
kept when found abroad shall not incurr the penaltye 
aforesayd any thing herein contained to the contrary 
thereof notwithstanding. 

That the hoggs so lycensed to be kept as aforesayd 
shall be well and sufficiently ringed upon paine and 
penalty of forfeiting such of them as shall bee found 
going abroad other w ayes. 

Bread — That the mayor and aldermen for the time 
being doe onse every three iponths or oftener if they see 
cause ascertaine and establish the value and assize of 
bread to be sold by the bakers in this city and cause the 
same to be publickleye ffixed on the citty hall that all 
persons may take notice thereof and likewise to appoynt 
ffitt persons to bee viewers of Bread to inspect the good- 
ness thereof and see* that the same be of full and due 
assize and all bakers are to bake their bread good 
according to the assize so established under the penaltye 
of forfeiture of all such bread as shall be found not to 
bee good or not of the due assize as aforesayd, and 
twenty shillings fyne for each offense. 

That the sheriff, constables and other officers of the 
citty doe take care and look after the due observance 
and execucion of these laws and orders and make com- 
plaint and presentmentt of the breach thereof and all 
the fines, penal tyes and forfeitures arising thereby shall 
bee disposed of in manner following: That is to say: 
Two thirds to be payed to the Treasurer for the use of 



City Ordinances. 17'^ 

y^ city and one third to the sayd sheriff, constables or 
other officers that shall complaine or present the same 
except the third of all ffines and forfeitures relating to 
y® markett to belong to the clerk of y*' market onely. 
* * these Lawes and Orders haveing * * 
* been openly re^d in Common Cjouncil now * 
read and assented unto and ordered that the same be 
published. 

[The blanks are in consequence of the loss of parts of 
the original manuscript from decay.] 



[AnnaU, tni.] 16 



(178) 



ORIGIN OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS IN 

ALBANY. 



It is diflficult to determine when and where Sunday 
schools had their origin. The subject has given rise to 
a good deal of controversy. As early as 1695, the 
ecclesiastical synod of Germany made provision for a 
species of Sunday school instruction; but long before 
this, we are 'told, schools were formed in connection 
with some of the Roman Catholic churches of Europe, 
particularly at Milan about 1570. In England, they are 
traced to the year 1763, twenty years before the cele- 
brated Robert Raikes undertook the work, and there is 
good reason to believe that others were before that time 
engaged in the benevolent effort* to make the sabbath 
subservient to the education of neglected children in 
that country. But these differed very materially from 
our American Sunday schools. 

The Rev. Johannes Megapolensis, who came over from 
Holland in 1642, to take spiritual charge of the Dutch 
and Indians, at Rensselaerswyk, was accustomed to 
impart catechetical instruction to the young on the 
sabbath ; and when he closed his ministry, in 1649, with 
the intention of returning to Holland, he was pressed by 
Gov. Stuyvesant, "for the honor of God, for the increase 
of the church, and for the interest of men," to remain at 
New Amsterdam. But these motives did not change the 
inclinations of the dominie ; it was only when these other 
persuasions were added: ** If it were only for the 
instruction of the children, who are every Sunday pre- 
sented at the Manhattans for baptism, sometimes one, 
sometimes two, yea, sometimes three and four together," 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany. 1*79 

that he relented from his purpose, and consented to 
remain. His successors at Albany continued to give 
Sunday instructions to the Christian and Indian children 
which gathered on the sabbath for that purpose. 

In the year 1813, Mr. George Upfold, who taught a 
private school in Van Tromp street, opened a free Sun- 
day school at his room, which was held from- 6 to 8 
o'clock in the morning, and from 12 to 2 in the after- 
noon. These hours would seem of themselves suffi- 
ciently inconvenient to' render the school irksome to the 
pupils; but Mr. Upfold found other difficulties to contend 
with. He undertook to teach ** several useful branches 
of English education," which did not comport with the 
notions of those who thought themselves entitled to lead 
in such matters, and the school did not prosper. His 
school was probably modeled after that of Robert Raikes, 
and was designed to teach the rudiments to the children 
of the poor, on Sunday, which to many was their worst 
day, spent idly and viciously. 

The active members of all the churches gradually 
yielded their prejudices to Sunday schools, and in a few 
years they became a prominent religious institution. In 
November, 1822, Mr. Absalom Townsend, one of the 
most energetic leaders in the cause, made a report in 
the name of the Sunday School Society, which embodied 
a very complete history of the origin and progress of the 
different schools to that time. It is here published entire, 
as it appeared in the Albany Daily Advertiser of Decem- 
ber 3, 1822, to which we have appended a few notes. 

RKPORT OP THE ALBANY SUNDAY SCHOOL SOCIETY. 

An accurate statement can not ijow be given of the 
rise and progress of Sunday schools in this city. It has 
been attempted, but the attempt has failed, as facts have 
not been preserved from which they could be traced. 
This seeming neglect has arisen from the manner in 
which our Sunday schools were established, and the with- 
drawal of such of their founders as were capable of fur- 
nishing a correct account of them. Solely intent on 



180 Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany. 

giving substantial instruction, they did not attend to pre- 
serving records that would exhibit its results. It has 
been ascertained however that while these institutions 
had gained an extensive footing in sister states, and neigh- 
boring cities and towns ; and while every year brought 
accounts of the favorable effects from them in foreign 
countries, we looked on with indifference, or thought them 
fanatical, oj met them as though we acted from the nar- 
row prejudice, that it was not lawful " to do good on the 
sabbath day. " Notwithstanding this general apathy, 
there were some few of more liberal views, who felt that 
the talent committed to them, however humble, was not 
given to be buried, or that active and constant bene- 
volence was ever separated from vital piety. Convinced 
of their importance, they could not delay, and without 
patronage, and in some cases without concert, and in 
others with it, they determined on laying the foundations 
of these laudable institutions, and to commit their issue 
to Him who hath promised all things needful. 

The first Sunday school in this city, of which we 
have "any account, was commenced some time in the year 
1813, by Mr. William Young, in the school room of Mr. 
Upfold, in Van Tromp street. No records have been 
preserved- of it, and hence the impossibility of giving 
any account of its number or its usefulness. From the 
strictures that appeared about that time in the public 
prints, it is presumed that it never received any patron- 
age or Encouragement, and having constantly to contend 
with prejudice, it soon languished and died. 

Some time in the year 1816, a Sunday school was 
established by certain members of the Methodist church. 
Commenced and pressed by a zeal that characterizes that 
people, it soon became respectable. It shortly numbered 
272 on its books, and during its continuance was one of 
the best conducted and most interesting in the city. Its 
average attendants were 120. But owing to the estab- 
lishment of other schools in its vicinity, or more likely 
owing to the flagging of that zeal that had made so good 
a beginning and promised so much, it soon declined, 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany. IBl 

although this society did all they could to assist it ; and 
it is now utterly extinct.* 

About the same time, and it is not now more accurately 
ascertained, certain members of the Moral society in this 
city commenced a Sunday school in the western part of 
Washington, then Lyon street. It was thought that the 
location of it there would be the means of doing much 
good, as children in the- extremities of the city hare 
more temptations to play, and very few advantages of 
instruction. This likewise flourished. Many were 
gathered in it who habitually broke the sabbath, and 
indulged in vices; but no pecuniary assistance being 
afforded by the Moral society, or others , and the teachers 
left to the double burden of instructing and defraying 
its expenses, soon became wearied, and abandoned the 
school. 

However, one has arisen from its ruins in the same 
place, called the Washington street Sunday school, and 
still continues in operatibn with tolerable success. It 
was established about two years since, by the Rev, Mr. 
Davis, missionary in this city, whose active benevolence 
is always devising new means for relieving the miseries 
of his fellow men. He saw the necessity of a Sunday 
school in that quarter, and though pressed by multiplied 
and urgent duties, spared time from them. Assisted by 
several young ladies and gentlemen, he commenced, and 
personally attended it every sabbath, until he left the 
city for the western country. Since that the school has 
declined. Several of its teachers have fallen off; 22 
having been engaged since its commencement, only 7 of 
whom now attend. The number of scholars is now 41,. 
and the average attendants 35. It is feared that this 
school will go down. Destitute of funds, it has no 
church to foster it. All its expenses for rent and neces- 
sary books have been derived from this society. Indeed, 

* A sabbath evening school was established at Mr. Young's school- 
room in Washington (now South Pearl) street, in 1816, and appears 
to have had the support of the Moral society. It was attended by 
150 children and 50 adults. (See Annals i, 79.) 



182 Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, 

the society feels no reluctance in assisting it, as far as 
its own limited funds will allow, as it has always 
esteemed it one of the most useful schools connected 
with it. It is hoped that the teachers who remain will 
not be disheartened by the many discouragements that 
attend them, and that they may be joined by others, 
who are desirous of doing good, as they will find this 
the most likely place to gratify their wishes. 

In the month of June, 1816, certain ladies of the 
Reformed Dutch church opened a Sunday school in Green 
street, for the instruction of girls.* The number on their 
books was 87, and average attendants 50. It continued 
about a year, was suspended on account of the severity of 
the winter, and was revived about two years after. It is 
now known as the South Dutch Sunday school, and is 
held in that church, j It is cherished by the church to 
which it is attached, and is in a flourishing condition; 86 
being the number of scholars, and 60 the average attend- 
ants; 26,749 verses having been recited the present year. 
Four of the teachers have joined the church while in the 
school, and eight are professors. Their zeal to advance 
the interests of the school, instead of diminishing, as is 
generally the case with attendance, appears to have in- 
creased. Very favorable effects have sprung from their 
labors, and it is hoped that their success will long influ- 
ence them to continue their eflbrts. 

* The late Lieutenant-Goverrtor John Tayler fitted up a room in 
his storehouse in Green street, which was in ihe rear of what is now 
Cooper's Building, v^here his daughter, Mrs. Cooper, assisted by a 
few pious ladies, among whom were Mrs. David Pruyn, and Mrs. 
Christian Miller, slathered the school which is here alluded to. These 
schools had not yet been admitted into the churches. 

tThe Sunday school of the South Dutch Church, as it was then 
called, was begun in 1818 or 1819, by Messrs. William C. Miller 
and Richard Varick De Witt, then just returned as graduates from 
Union College. They began with four boys and three girls. Gradu- 
ally the number of attendants increased, so as to rrquire more teach- 
ers, and the school has never been interrupted to this day. It was 
the first Sunday school held in the church, the other experiments 
having been made in school rooms and other places, and not strictly 
sabbath schools, after the settled plan of our own day. The acces- 
sion of Mrs. Cooper^s school was made a short time before this report. 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany. 183 

Miss Oakie, with the aid of Miss Berbank and Aimes, 
in July, 1816, commenced a female Sunday school, in 
Beaver street. They received little or no assistance, 
except from teachers, yet the school prospered. In 1818, 
the plan was extended so as to admit male children, and 
it forms that useful and interesting school denominated 
the First Presbyterian. Its worthy principal, Mr. War- 
ner, having determined to leave this city, lately resigned 
his office. This event it was feared would affect the 
school. But from the discreet selection it has made of 
a successor, we are led to believe it will sustain no 
interruption. 

About the 1st of September, 1816, the Young men's 
society commenced a Sunday school in Green street, for 
boys, in the school room of Messrs. Badger and Lion. It 
was soon filled beyond the means to accommodate them, 
120 children attending; so much so, that the year follow- 
ing applicants for admission were turned over to that 
worthy and faithful instructor, Mr. Dillingham. That 
gentleman had commenced a Sunday school for boys, in 
the month of August, 1817, at the corner of Chapel and 
Steuben streets,* and individually had become responsible 
for its expenses. His zeal and faithfulness soon recom- 
mended the school to the notice of the Second Presby- 
terian church. Its worthy pastor countenanced his 
enterprise, and assumed his liabilities. 

The school was soon after removed to the Lancasterian 
building. At this place, the remaining scholars of the 
Green street school were united with it ; that having in 
the meantime greatly declined in zeal and in numbers. 
While there it was still further enlarged, by admitting 
girls for instruction, then bearing the name of the Chapel 
street Sunday school, and now that of the Second 
Presbyterian. It was soon after removed to the Uranian 

* It was opened in a carpentries shop, the benches serving for 
desks, and temporary seats were formed of such materials as the 
place afforded. Mr. Dillingham was assisted by Messrs James Mc- 
Clure and Isaac Hutton. Mr. Archibald MeClure, the present su- 
perintendent, has been connected with this school thirty-two years « 



184 Origin of Sunday Schaoh in Albany. 

hall, and thence successively to the Mechanic's academy 
and the Albany library room, where it still continues. 
Thus has this offspring of piety been doomed to be a 
sojourner in the midst of us. Still, however, fostered 
by the church to which it was attached, and conducted 
by pious, faithful and punctual teachers, it flourished 
during a considerable part of its pilgrimage, beyond any 
school in the city, the usual number of its attendants 
being 180. A circumstance, however, occurred, in the 
domestic history of this school, which entitles it to the 
lasting gratitude of the friends of Sunday schools, and 
gave a turning influence to the encouragement and exten- 
sion of them in this place. On the 14th of April, 1817, 
the Albany Sunday School Society was formed, for the 
purpose of superintending, improving and assisting such 
Sunday schools as should put themselves under their 
direction. 

With the countenance of so important a school as the 
Second Presbyterian then was, the society would have 
encouragement to proceed; without it, the other schools 
would distrust their usefulness and resist their influence. 
In order to deter the managers of it from uniting with 
the society, they were given to understand, that in that 
event, they must look exclusively to it for assistance. 
The alternatives of losing a promised and certain sup- 
port, or blighting the prospect of doing much good, were 
placed before them. They did not hesitate, but gene- 
rously gave up the former for the public weal ; and by 
joining the society, put their trust in an Almighty hand, 
to guide and protect them. The choice made by them 
has been injurious to the school, its number being 
reduced from 180 actual attendants to 38; but upon Sun- 
day schools in this city, it has been invaluable. Its 
teachers, one and all, zealous and efficient, labored to 
impart their zeal to other schools, and to stir up the 
friends of these institutions to establis^h more. The 
consequence has been, as they must have anticipated. 
By multiplying Sunday schools, and with them the 
means of doing good, they thereby created drains that 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, 185 

diminished their own numbers. Since their union they 
have depended on themselves, and such trifling assistance 
as could be afforded them from the limited funds of this 
society. It is hoped that, injured by such disinterested 
acts, it may a^ain be restored to the favor of its natural 
parent; and, fostered by her patronage, once more 
assume tliat rank among its sister schools, to which its 
virtues so eminently entitle it. Its history is intimately 
blended with that of Sunday schools in this city, and no 
small share of their present interest and usefulness is 
attributable to its worthy founder. A few years since, 
he removed to Cincinnati, in Ohio. There, in the very 
face of prejudice, and that ecclesiastical, he established 
several Sunday schools, and continues to animate and 
encourage them. Though absent, he has left that behind 
him that will long continue him in the grateful remem- 
brance of our poor and the benevolent. 

Ten scholars have been dismissed from this school, 
having acquired all that is taught in them. One scholar 
has joined the church, and two soon after they were 
dismissed. 

In the month of January, 1816, Mrs. Upfold opened at 
her own house, with the aid of Mrs. Bocking and others, 
a Sunday school for the instruction of female Africans ; 
and soon after one was established in the Uranian hall, 
for males. These were finally united and are the origin of 
that denominated the J'irst African. The teachers of this 
school have always met with difficulty in obtaining a place 
to instruct it ; and owing to the prejudice excited against 
the enlightening of this people, they have seen it more 
than once brought to the very brink of ruin. Still they 
persevered, although the expense, as well as labor of 
instructing it, fell principally upon themselves. Lately, 
they acknowledged that a protecting hand had been 
extended to them by the Sunday school society, and that 
a room, free of expense, has been allowed them by the 
corporation of the city, in the Lancasterian building. 
Very considerable encouragement has rewarded their 
labors. Many who attended them at first, and who 



i86 Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, 

hardly had a sense of decency, much less of morality or 
piety, they now have the satisfaction of seeing punctual 
and orderly in their attention, and discovering, and in 
many instances feeling a respect for religious ordinances. 
Some of them have been taught to read, who did not 
know their letters when they commenced. It is a mixed 
school, composed of 4 male and 12 female adults, and 29 
boys and 20 girls. It is a pleasing circumstance reported 
of it, that 10 female adult scholars are professors in dif- 
ferent churches in this city, and that they appear to 
have named the name of Christ in sincerity, and to 
have departed from iniquity. Six of its teachers are 
also professors of religion; two of whom became such 
since they joined the school. Thus strengthening the 
belief, that few are ever permitted to serve their Lord 
for naught, and that while they benevolently lend them- 
selves as instruments of communicating grace to others, 
they are mercifully made the subjects of it themselves. 

It would be unjust to pass unnoticed Mrs. Upfold and 
Booking, those pious matrons and coadjutors in the 
establishment of this and other Sunday schools in this 
city. Never has it flourished as under their united and 
persevering exertions. Until the school was securely 
established, through wet and cold,' or storm, trembling 
under the infirmities of age, and sometimes sickness, 
they were ever found at their posts, patiently enduring 
all the drudgery of teachers, and laboring as for their 
lives to impart spiritual instruction. 

Such zeal did not pass unnoticed -even by the heedless 
Africans. It inspired respect. They received their in- 
struction and their advice, as coming from the mouths of 
oracles; and several who connected themselves with the 
church, are evidences of their earnestness and their 
labors. Mrs. Becking occasionally attends, but the in- 
firmities of Mrs. Upfold have compelled her to retire 
altogether from Sunday schools. 

Such examples, while they excite admiration for their 
selfdenial, and faithfulness to the end, cast an implied 
censure on many of their sex still in the vigor of lit'e» 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany. 187 

who affect a fear of exposing their healths, in attending 
to the drudgery of such duties, and yet never admit that 
any ill effects result from plunging into the fashionable 
amusements of the day. 

Sdme time in the year 1820, soon after the Baptist 
African church was established in this city, certain pious 
young gentlemen and ladies, in order to enlighten that 
people, and give countenance and encouragement to their 
church, commenced in it a Sunday school, for the 
instruction of adults and children. Its average attend- 
ants were usually 30, and the number of verses respect- 
able, but can not accurately be ascertained, as no 
minutes were kept by them. They were taken under 
the patronage of this society, on the 12th of December, 
1820, and received every assistance and encouragement 
it could afford. Only occasional reports were received 
from it; and as far as these enable us to judge the school 
continued to flourish until about the time that church 
was suspended by a sale of the building they occupied, 
to another sect. 

The place of that is more than supplied, by the 
establishment of a Sunday evening school for adult 
blacks. It was commenced on the 12th of May last, at 
the request of the Rev. Mr. Paul, by certain teachers of 
the several Sunday schools in this city, who are profess- 
ors of l-eligion. The number on their books is 133; 
average number of attendants, 75; and, since their 
establishment, 6460 verses have been recited. It is now 
held in the Uranian hall, in a room free of expense, but 
too small to accommodate it. This circumstance renders 
it very disagreeable to teachers, and no doubt prevents 
its increase. Its teachers have made several ineffectual 
attempts to get a more convenient one. It is certainly 
among the most interesting of any in the city. Con- 
vinced of the value of learning, the scholars show an 
eagerness to obtain it, which at once encourages teachers 
in their instruction, and rewards them for their labor. 

At the request of the Hon. S. Van Rensselaer, a Sun- 
day school was commenced on th« 24th of May, 1818, 



188 Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, 

in the fifth ward; he having made a donation for that 
purpose of fifty dollars to this society. The number 
enrolled were 36 boys and 21 girls. For a time it 
flourished, and, situated in the extremity of the city, 
like that in Washington street, was composed of that 
class of children for whom Sunday schools are peculiarly 
intended. The difficulty, however, of obtaining a room 
for its accommodation, the exaction of enormous rents, 
and the reluctance shown by teachers to instruct it, 
cooperated in its destruction. It is feared that not 
many -of its scholars have found their way into other 
Sunday schools; and it is hoped that the benevolent, 
who can find leisure from their other duties, will rebuild 
and make it permanent and useful. 

The St. Peter's church Sunday school was established 
on the 1st of January, 1818. It is the best organized 
of any in the city. The pastor has condescended to be- 
come its principal. Deriving considerable funds from its 
parent congregation, and instructed by teachers who 
feel the responsibility of their stations, it stands first in 
size and usefulness among our Sunday schools. Number 
of boys, 65 ; average attendants, 40. Number of girls, 70; 
average attendants, 55. Total average attendants, 95. 
Number of verses recited the past year, 29,180. It is an 
interesting fact, that fifteen girls have been dismissed 
from it, as having acquired all that is usually taught in 
Sunday schools, and that their conduct has been regular 
since they left it. Thirty-two children have been put out , 
to service, and are permitted by their employers to at- 
tend a part of the sabbath. The managers of the school 
have distributed since its commencement 20 Bibles, 70 
Testaments, and 84 Common Prayer Books. 

Some time in the year 1818, Mr. W. A. Tweed Dale 
commenced a Sunday school on the Lancasterian plan, 
at the Lancasterian school house in Eagle street, which 
was received into this society Nov. 13, 1819. It was 
composed principally of those who attended his day 
school, and was orderly and well conducted. From this 
specimen it may be inferred, that that means of instruc- 



Origin of Sunday Schools in Albany, 189 

tion might be carried into Sunday schools with great 
economy and success. The average attendance oi' this 
school was 50. It was discontinued after it had been 
in operation about two years. 

Mrs. Pugsley, commisserating the neglected situation of 
the Africans, opened a Sunday evening school, princi- 
pally to give religious instructions to the females of that 
people. The number of its attendants are not known. 
It was continued through the successive winters of 1817 , 
1818, and 1819, and was held at such places as she or 
the scholars could procure. She sustained all its inci- 
dental expenses, and finding that they could be accom- 
modated in the First African school, she discontinued it. 
Such individual exertions are worthy of notice and of 
imitation. . 

- On the 13th of November, 1819, a Sunday school 
was connected with this society which had been insti- 
tuted some time in the same fall, in Mr. McDonald's 
church, by the Rev. Mr. Rattery, a Baptist. He had 
taught in the Sunday sdhools of Scotland, and introduced 
inf:o this the methods of instruction to which he had 
there been accustomed. It consisted of about thirty 
scholars, and was afterwards removed to, and placed 
under the patronage of the Baptist church. Here it has 
since remained. Its average number of attendants con- 
tinued about 30, until the present year, when by the 
zealous and faithful efforts of its present principal, for 
we know not to what else it can be attributed, th^ school 
has unexpectedly increased to 100 attending scholars, 
and now holds the first rank among Sunday schools in 
this place, 29,535 verses having been incited the past year. 
It is hoped that its principal and teachers, instead of 
relaxing their labors, from past success, will be stimu- 
lated by it to redouble their exertions. 

Miss E. Pohlman, on the 30th of April, 1820, chiefly 
by her own exertion, established a vSunday school for 
both sexes in the Lutheran church. 133 scholars have 
been admitted — 67 girls and 46 boys. The average 
number of attendants is 40; 10 boys and 30 girls. 

[Annahf vii.] 17 



190 Origin of Sunday SchooU in Albany. 

The school has ever since remained under the charge 
of that young lady, with the exception of three months, 
when it was committed to the care of Mr. Badger. 
There are 5 teachers engaged with her, 4 of whom are 
professors ; and the school is regularly and efficiently 
conducted. The number of verses recited the past yea? 
are 35,749; two of its scholars haying committed th« 
whole of the New Testament. 

By previous notice, a considerable number assembled 
in the North Dutch Churcb, on the 17th of December^ 
1B20, and resolved on the establishment of a Sunday 
school ; 48 of that congregation set down their names to 
become its patrons and teachers. On the next sabbath, 
a respectable school was established in the consistory 
room belonging to the church, where it still continues. 
The number of scholars on its books are 434, of whom 
' 230 are boys and 204 girls. The usual number of attend- 
ance was about 110, but it gradually diminished to 77, 
which is now the average number. 34,434 verses have 
been recited the last year. 

This school joined the society on the 12th day of May, 
1821, and with no more resources than several oth^r 
schools, magnanimously resolved to depend on its own 
means for support, and has never since demanded ov 
received any assistance from their funds. 

It is hoped that zeal, which marked its establishment, 
may not diminish with its continuance. 

The Rev. Mr. Bruen, with the aid of several young 
ladies, commenced a Sunday school, during the last sum- 
nver, in South Market street. They were induced to it, 
by the number of children ' they saw, every sabbath, 
playing in the street, notwithstanding the schools ojjened 
on that day to receive them. The first day, they col- 
lected near 30 children, which number they retained 
until it was discontinued. Its teachers being instructors 
in other schools, began it with a view of discontinuing 
it when the days became too short to keep it after th^ 
second church. A few sabbaths since, they dissolved 
it, taking their scholars to the Sunday schools in the 
vicinity. 



Origin of Sunday Schooh in Albany. 191 

These facts show, that though we hare VO Sunday 
schools, most of which are in successful operation, that 
the field of their usefulness is not yet occupied, and that 
still vigorous efforts are loudly called for, to establish 
them in the suburbs. They indeed require more money 
and labor to sustain them ; and, cramped as the society is 
in its funds, and disinclined as professors are to incur 
the trouble of them, we can scarcely hope that they will 
be instituted. 

The teachers now engaged in these schools have quite 
as much, and more, than they can attend to; owing to 
the scarcity of teachers, many are obliged to instruct in 
two, and some in three schools, in order to sustain those 
which have been commenced. 

Such is the history, simple and correct as can be given, 
of the several Sunday schools that have been established 
in this city. Long have they had to struggle agaibst 
the apathy or actual prejudice of our fellow citizens. 
Long have they had to contend with poverty and embar- 
rassments. Seldom with more than one hundred dollars 
in their treasury, and frequently with that sum pledged 
and anticipated, by the expenses of the past year, the 
society has been driven to the closest economy, and, in 
acting too rigidly upon it, evidently have curtailed the 
usefulness of these institutions. They acknowledge, 
with gratitude, the aid furnished them at their anniver- 
saries; the donations of some few subscribers; and the 
supply of wood which they have heretofore received for 
the several schools, from the corporation. Indeed, with* 
out this assistance, inadequate as it may seem, the society 
would be compelled to suspend their labors, and children 
would again be turned loose to violate the sabbath. The 
burden of instructing is quite sufficient for teachers, 
without the additional one of defraying the expenses of 
their schools. As yet, it is the conscientious, principally, 
who have engaged in them, and few, if any of these, 
have any thing but their labor to bestow. They look to 
an enlightened community for support, and trust tHat the 
pious and benevolent part of it, who duly appreciate the 



192 Origin of Sunday SehooU in Albany^ 

yalue of these schools, will cheerfully assume th-eir 
expenses, and never permit them to go down for the 
want of necessary funds. 

Among the various Christian institutions devised for 
doing good to mankind, few appear so well calculated as 
the humble one of Sunday schools. The others are 
adapted to the present generation, and with them they 
can do little or nothing. Confirmed in their habits, as 
well may the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard 
his spot, as they be induced to alter their depraved and 
settled propensities. If some few, however, are brought 
into God's marvelous light, it appears to be the interpo- 
sition of miraculous power; and they stand as monuments 
of his mercy. 

But Sunday schools work according to the order of 
nature. Taking children before they are confirmed in 
vice, they get the start of it ; and by impressing upon their 
memories texts of scripture, hymns and prayers, and 
giving them moral and religious instruction, they implant 
a fear to do wrong, and an inclination to virtue. Should 
they afterwards depart from it, and plunge into vice, 
that misery which always attends such a course will 
bring these to their memories, disgust them with them- ' 
selves and amend their lives ; and thus because they have 
remembered their Creator in the days of their youth, 
they will find the promise fulfilled to them, that in their 
old days He has not departed from them. 

These institutions are peculiarly intended to gather 
children from scenes of vice, where they Would ripen for 
crimes. Here they are taught the rudiments of cleanli- 
ness, piety, virtue and industry. Even their young minds 
contrast these with the former, and perceiving their 
advantage, and being countenanced and encouraged by 
their teachers, they insensibly become l^lessings, as well 
to society as themselves. 

Wherever Sunday schools have been some time in 
operation, the state of community has sensibly improved; 
public taxes and expenses have lessened; and crimes, 
misery, mendicants, and poverty have diminished. 



Origin of Sunday Schooh in Albany, tB9 

Statesmen have viewed them as the most likely cure 
for these evils, and every enlightened community have 
established and sustained them. 

Convinced as this society is of their general utility^ 
they can not withhold their surprise, that the public has 
been so sparing in its patronage. Nor is it less surpris- 
ing, that, while Sunday schools are so evidently required 
in our suburbs, and those which are instituted are so 
destitute of pious and regular teachers, professors, with- 
out the excuse of duties, should view them with apathy, 
and withhold assistance. . 

Not so is the spirit of Christianity in other places. 
.There, an eye of compassion is turned back upon those 
left in their sins, by such as have felt the singular mercies 
of the Almighty. The high are not above joining the 
humble professor in his ranks, to work for their common 
Master. ^ 

Charities like these they esteem more valuable than 
those given to relieve immediate wants. The latter 
afford a mere temporary supply, and they recur again 
with increased inveteracy. But the former administered 
to the moral infirmities of the heart, and by healing 
these they dry up those issues of vice, misery and want, 
that flow so destructively from them. 

Absalom Townsend, 
Albany, Nov. 1822, John Blair Linn. 



194 Origin of Sunday Sohooh in AVtany. 






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(195) 



FROM 

AN englishm:an's sketch book. 

From the Albany Daily Advertiser of 1822. 



Curiosity has again induced me to visit Albany. With 
my note book in my hand, I wandered about in its 
interesting vicinity, and have, I believe, put down 
everything which is worthy of being related. Albany, 
or as it was first called, Oranienburgh, is in north 
latitude 42 degrees 45 minutes, and 73 degrees 80 
minutes west longitude from the royal observatory at 
Greenwich, and is distant from New York about 145 
miles. At Albany all the great western turnpike roads 
center, and terminate; the grand canal unites with the 
Hudson, and an unparalleled river affords the greatest 
facilities to trade. From the opposite side of the river, 
in some respects, it resembles Richmond, in Virginia; 
but although the two capitols or government houses are 
both built on eminences, and overlook the water, yet 
Richmond is smaller, and there are rapids opposite the 
town which prevent any further resemblance. 

Albany is very unlike what it was. It is described 
by Ka^ and Mrs. Grant of Laggan as being quite small, 
situated under a steep hill, having two principal streets, 
which cross jsach other, and that in the middle of the 
largest all the public buildings were placed — the English 
church, guard house, town hall and market. The town 
had a rural appearance. Every door was shaded with 
trees, and every house had a garden. Those who were 
so fortunate as to have lots on the river side, had there 
the most delightAil gardens, from whence the water 



196 An Englishman's Sketch Book. 

prospect was admirable. A fort, rather slight, but yet 
a regular stockade, crowned the hill and presented a few 
pieces of cannon from its peaceful embrasures. The 
first commander was a Capt. Massey, the father of Mrs. 
Lenox, Dr, Johnson's favorite friend. It was afterwards 
commanded by Capt. Winepress, and garrisoned by regu- 
lar troops of the 55th regiment. The English church, 
— which was in the diocese of the bishop of London — 
was immediately under its walls, and the canons of 
the spiritual, were protected by those of the temporal 
kingdom. 

At present, Albany is quite changed. It is extended 
over a much larger surface, and has a population of 
nearly 13,000 inhabitants. The steep hill already men- 
tioned has been cut away, and State street has no longer 
a line of public buildings in its center. A large, massy 
building of freestone, called the Capitol, is the place of 
the legislative sessions. It has three fronts of a very 
common design, and a portico at the east front over the 
grand entrance, whose wooden roof is supported by 
marble pillars. These are Corinthian, but altbo€gh 
very large rest upon bases of only six inches, thickness. 
The steps up to the entrance are made of thin strips of 
stone, and are much too small to harmonize with the 
general air of the 'building. A large area, or rather 
court, next the entrance, and paved with marble which 
came out as ballast many years since from Italy, is sur- 
rounded by rooms for public bodies. The senate and 
assembly meet in two large and handsome rooms below, 
and the county courts, and the sessions of the judges in 
banco, are held in a splendid room in the upper story, 
surrounded by a dome. Over the legislative h^alls are 
committee rooms, and a hall appropriated to a state 
society for the promotion of the useful arts. A few 
hundred feet to the north of this, stands a fine building 
in freestone, called the Academy, and devoted to literary 
pursuits. The cupola of this is in admirable taste. I 
was very much pleased with a marble banking house, in 
Market street, the interior of which is lighted from 



An Englishman's Sketch Booh, 197 

above by a glass dome. It is very chaste and correct in 
its proportions, and has niches in the wall, which should 
properly be ornamented with statues. The churches are 
well constructed, but have so great a resemblance to 
each other, particularly in their steeples, that I should 
not be surprised to hear that one architect had designed 
them all. 

The Indian trade was formerly the principal object 
with the Albanians, and a driving business was carried 
on. Blankets, beads and spirits were paid for by the 
natives in the most valuable furs, and even the French 
came from Canada to purchase goods for their own 
trade with them. To guard, however, against the fero- 
city of the savages, there were pickets about the town, 
and gates at the north and south ends of the city, which 
are not yet forgotten. Among the peculiarities of the 
tim^s were some feudal and manorial customs, which 
belonged to the manor of Rensselaerwick, and even now 
have not ceased to exist. A princely territory was 
obtained by one family, and in its descendants it con- 
tinues still to be preserved. An immense influence 
followed its possession, and the entailment of the estate 
would have of course continued it down to the latest 
posterity. But a statute of allodial import has cut it 
ofl', and the present owner is the last who enjoys the 
hereditary honors. This person is an exact model of 
our wealthy English landholders, but adds to the pos- 
session of his wealth a liberal mind, and the most 
generous munificence. His name is at the head of every 
public charity; it is first in every spirited enterprise; it 
is synonymous with virtue and philanthropy. In public 
life he is a distinguished member of the canal board, and 
in private life, he is the most amiable of men. 

The river navigation was formerly attended with 
more difficulty than at present. The spirit of the age 
was a cautious one. The captains of sloops made as 
many preparations for a voyage down the river, as if 
they were about to cross the ocean. Little dependence 
was placed on the tides, arid prayers for wind were 



198 An :Efigii8hTnan'8 Sketch Book. 

perpetually put up by them. At the overslaugh, or bar, 
a few miles- below the city of Albany, they experienced 
great detention, and this too, although, according to 
Kalm, their barks were only of about 40 tons burthen. 
The present number of sloops owned at Albany of 30 
tons and upwards is very large, and a very great trade 
with New York is kept up with them. 

The manners of the inhabitants were very peculiar. 
They were colored by and partook in a great degree 'of 
the uniformity of the times. Now and then the arrival 
of a new governor, or a meeting of the Five Nations, 
called forth a new train of incidents, and a red coat had 
then, as now, its bewildering effect upon the simplicity 
of female hearts. Gen. Ambercrombie had his head- 
quarters, in the city of Albany for some time, and a 
very large body of troops lay encamped in what is called 
the pasture. Sir Jeffrey (afterwards Lord) Amherst 
also established his head quarters there in 1759, pre- 
vious to his brilliant campaign in Canada, and the 
capitulation of Mons. De Vandreuil. This was the 
greatest event in its history. A large force lay in its 
suburbs ; in every part of the town was heard " the note 
of preparation.'* During the few hours of leisure which 
the necessary delay afforded, a theatre was fitted up by 
the officers, and the Beau's Stratagem performed before 
a delighted audience. Parties of pleasure were ever on 
foot, and every adjacent island in the river was explored. 
Fishing tackle became part of the contents of every 
lady's basket, and old Izaak Walton would have been in 
ecstacies at their conquests over the finny tribe. The 
military bands vied with each other for distinction, ani 
the music from the boats which calmly floated with the 
current down to the encampment, was heard by groups 
of listeners on the shore. To these so slightly acquaint- 
ed with the effect of instruments, every sound was full 
of beauty, every nbte occasioned new delight. When 
the different boats had passed the town, and the moon* 
light serenade, was over, they would turn slowly back to 
their dwelling^, ..anil only in dreams of to-morrow's 
pleasure, would they forget the remembrance of to-day. 



An Englishman's Sketch Book. 199 

Among the distinguishad persons who have been at 
. Albany, Lady Harriet Ackland and the Baroness Reide- 
sel are well known. Under the hospitable roof of the 
celebrated Gen. Schuyler, every attention was paid them 
which wealth could afford or delicacy suggest to him* 
The horrors of an eventful campaign, and the panga 
which rend the bosom of a wife, had only excited in 
these two accomplished females the anticipation of new 
misfortunes. Judge of their surprise on becoming the 
inmates of a mansion where the virtues of benevolence 
and humanity flourished in all their loveliness: where 
repose, quiet and ease were superadded to the charms of 
hospitality ; where the disgrace of defeat was soothed by 
the gentle voice of friendships and where, in the storms 
which an ill-attempted [invasion had raised, they found 
and enjoyed all the kindness of brothers, lovers and 
kinsmen* 



(200) 



POPULATION OF ALBANY, 1855. 



The following table of the population and number of 

native and naturalized votes in the city and county, is 

made from the returns of the canvass of June, 1855. 

City. Total pop. Native vote. Nat. vote. 

1st Ward 8,038 226 7S0 

2d do 4.518 417 412 

3d do 4,667 524 381 

4th do ,...4,492 66^ -282 

5th do ,.3,016 328 152 

6th do 3,460 377 173 

7th do 6,006 476 607 

8th do 7,467 ^ 562 733 

9th do 7,343 660 502 

10th do 8,326 824 540 

Total city, 57,333 5,060 4,562 

Bern 3,206 687 42 

Bethlehem, 5,151 683 161 

Coeymans, 2,963 631 31 

Guilderland, 3,188 656 51 

Knox, 1,888 461 7 

New Scotland, 3,327 735 20 

Rensselaerville. ... 3 ,088 752 21 

Watervliet 20,889 2,134 1 ,283 

Westerlo, 2,648 635 4 



Total county, 103,681 12,434 6,182 



(201) 



[AnnaU, vii.} 18 



(202) 



PROVINCIAL CONVENTION. 



On the 20th April, 1775, the Provincial Convention met 
in the city of New York, when Col. Philip Schuyler, CoK 
Abraham Ten Broeck, and Abraham Yates, Jr., produced 
a certificate subscribed by John N, Bleecker, clerk of the 
committee of correspondence for the city and county of 
Albany, certifying that they, together with Col. Peter R. 
Livingston and Walter Livingstop, Esq., were elected by 
the said committee (which committee was expressly em- 
powered for that purpose)) as deputies for the city and 
county of Albany, to attend the Provincial convention to 
be held in the city of New York on this day, for the pur- 
pose of choosing delegates to represent this colony at the 
next Continental Congress, to meet at Philadelphia on the 
10th. day of May ensuing, which certificate bore date at 
Albany on the 21st day of March last past, and being 
read and accepted, was filed with the secretary. 

The delegate chosen by this body to represent the city 
and county of Albany, was Philip Schuyler. 

There does not seem to be any transaction recorded in 
the Minutes of the Convention having special reference 
to Albany. 



(203) 



PROVINCIAL CONGRESS. 



This body met in the city of New York on the 22d of 
May, 1775. The deputies for the city and county of 
Albany produced a certificate of the committees of the 
city and nineteen out of the twenty districts of the coun- 
ty* by which it appears that the following persons were 
elected deputies for the said city and county: 

Robert Yates, Walter Livingston, 

Abraham Yates, Robert Van Rensselaer, 

Volkert P. Douw, Henry Glenn, 

Jacob Guyler, Abraham Ten Broeck, 

Peter Silvester, Francis Nicoll. 
Dirck Swart, * 

On the 1st of June a letter from the subcommittee of 
the city and county of Albany, covering a number of 
papers relating to the state of the country, was received 
bearing date May 26th ; after enumerating which, they 
proceed to state : 

** We now shall take notice of the New York commit- 
tee's letter to us, of the 28th instant, enclosing the reso- 
lution of the Continental Congress, from which we find 
that the reduction of Ticonderoga by our forces is ap- 
proved of, and recommending us to proceed with all pos- 
sible dispatch, with a sufficient body of forces etc., to the 
northward, and to remove the canon and stores from 
Ticonderoga to the south end of Lake George. We are 
now busy to raise two companies, each composed of fifty 
men, in order to go up on said expedition, whom we 
expect will be in readiness to march in two or three days. 
But, gentlemen, there are a number of very material 
dlfiiculties that immediately arise. We have no ammu- 

* 
* Did not appear. 



204 Provincial Congress. 

nition; all the powder already gone up, with what we 
can possibly collect, yet among us, will ^not amount to 
aboyie 2501b. And with so small a quantity it is impos- 
sible for us to do anything of consequence. Nor can we. 
possibly conceive how the Provincial forces can maintain 
these northern posts, or withstand the attack of the British 
troops from Quebec, who are, from the best intelligence 
we collect, preparing as fast as possible to come down, 
in order to retake those places from us — an enterprise, if 
by them undertaken and completed, will introduce our 
enemies into the very bowels of our country. We beg 
•of you, gentlemen, without delay to take these important 
matters into your most serious and immediate considera- 
tion, and afford us the necessary assistance in this^our 
•distressed situation; and send us up, with all possible 
speed, a sufficient quantity of powder, without which 
(nothing can possibly be done. We likewise stand in 
(need of blankets, pitch, tar, oakum, nails, spikes, gin, 
ropes, camp kettles, intrenching tools, &c.. and some rice, 
•oatmeal and barley &c. Also, for the sloop and schooner, 
two mates, two gunners, two gunners' mates, two boat- 
swains, and eighteen seamen, agreeable to Col. Arnold's 
list; copy enclosed. No. 15, All which you will be 
pleased to cause to be sent up to us with all possible des- 
patch. 

"We would beg you likewise to take into considera- 
tion some mode or plan for raising and paying ofur forces. 
The one which w£ have adopted here pro hac vice, until 
you conclude upon a better one. we enclose you a copy. 

To which the following reply was made : 

**In Provincial Congress, 
'*At New York, June Ut, 1775. 
** Gentlemen — Agreeable to the minute of the Grand 
Congress, we (being unable as you know to garrison 
Ticonderoga, Crown Point or Fort George,) made appli- 
cation to the eastern Colonies for their assistance. In our 
letter to Governor Trumbull, of Connecticut, we desire 
him to order troops on that service, and inform him that 
it is our intention that the commanding officer of those 
troops should be the commander of the forts by them 



Provincial Congress, 205 

garrisoned. We moreover request him, to give orders 
to such officer to use great diligence to prevent any 
inroads into Canada. This morning we have received 
his Honor's and the Assembly's answer, of which we send 
you a copy. 

•• You will find that one thousand men are already on 
their way to the frontier country; their commanding 
officer is Colo. Hinman, wherefore we beg you will inform 
all persons in that part of the country of his appoint- 
ment. 

" We have at present no powder in this city, nor can 
we possibly tell you when we shall have any. The rea- 
son of this uncertainty is, that the British Ministry have 
taken measures to prevent supplies of powder from com- 
ing to America, from any part of Europe. But you will 
easily see that though such attempts may delay, they 
cannot prevent us from getting somQ. Should the Indi- 
ans again mention their uneasiness on the subject of pow- 
der, it will, as we conceive, be proper to mention to them 
the endeavor of Great Britain to hinder both them and 
us from obtaining any. 

** We have received your despatches of the 26th ulto., 
and already forwarded copies to the Grand Congress. 
We are, gentlemen, 

** Your most obedient, hum. servants. 

" To Doct'r. Samuel Stringer, Chairman of 
the Sub- Committee of the Citj and County 
of Albany.'* 

On the 6th June the following letter from the commit- 
tee at Albany was read : 

Albany Committee Chamber, 2d June, 1775. 

Gents.— In consequence of a letter from this commit- 
tee to Govr. Trumbull, dated 27th ult. we received his 
answer of the 30th, whereof you have a copy enclosed, 
and from which it appears that you have sent them a re- 
solve with a request to send up forces to Ticonderoga, 
&c., in consequence whereof, one thousand of them are 
now on their way. You will therefore be pleased to send 
up with all possible despatch, a sufficient supply..of pro* 



206 Provincial Congress. 

« 

visions (except flour, peas and bread, which we can sup- 
ply them with) and other necessaries, for which purpose 
we send you enclosed a copy of a list from Colo. Arnold's 
letter to us of the 29th ult. 

•• We have, in the alarm above, raised several com- 
panies to go up to Ticonderoga, &c. two of which are on 
their way up. This we did in consequence, first, of the 
resolution of the Continental Congress of the 18th ulto.; 
secondly, of the letter from the New York committee, 
enclosing said resolve, dated the 20th ult.; and thirdly, 
Colo. Arnold's letter to us requiring immediate assistance. 
But on our receipt of the above letter from Govr. Trum- 
bull, we are in great doubts with respect to our men 
already raised in this county, and those who stand ready 
to march up. As we know not the nature of the resolve . 
you have sent to Govr. Trumbull, and his letter contains 
a clause that these one thousand forces are to continue 
at Ticonderoga, &c. until relieved' by the troops from 
this Colony, &c. 

'* We should be extremely glad to have plain, explicit 
instructions from time to time, that we need not wander 
astray, and act contrary to your intentions and the gen- 
eral good of the public. 

** There are some troops (twelve in number) taken by 
the Provincial Forces from St. John's, who are now in 
this city, and who daily call upon this committee for the 
common necessaries of life — but can give the commis- 
sioners or agents no directions in the premises, as these 
instructions from you will not warrant them to supply 
them with provisions, although they liave been hitherto 
supplied out of the Provincial Store. But we would be 
glad of your resolution on this matter, and let us know , 
whether we should supply these troops any longer, or let 
them be supported from the provisions here in the King's 
Store; and upon the whole, what would you have us do 
with them, as they are only a burthen to jis. Please to 
take these matters into your immediate consideration, 
and send us your resolution in consequence thereof, and 
you will oblige, gent. " Your most humble servt. 
(** By order of the committee,) 

Saml. Stringer, Chairman, P. 2\' 



Provincial Congress. 207 

Ordered, That (he powder which Mr. Peter T. Curte- 
nius has in his custody, be sent to the committee at Al- 
bany, to be by them retained ; and that Mr. Curtenius 
write to the committee and acquaint them therewith. 

Ordered, That the gentlemen who are Deputies for the 
city and county of Albany, and Mr. Richard Lawrence, 
be a committee to prepare a draft of an answer to the 
letter this day received from the committee at Albany, 
and that they make report with all convenibnt speed. 

June 1th, 1775 

The order of the day being read, the Congress resumed 
the consideration of the letter from the Delegates of this 
Colony, at the Continental Congress, and after some time 
spent therein, the Congress unanimously resdlved and 
agreed, that Collo. Philip Schuyler is the most proper 
person in this Colony to be recommended as a major- 
general, and Richard Montgomerie, Esqr. as a brigadier- 
generaL And 

Ordered, That Mr. Scott and Mr. Morris be a commit- 
tee to prepare and report the draft of a letter to our 
Delegates at the Continental Congress, informing them of 
our sentiments on this subject, and the reasons of our 
choice. 

The committee appointed for that purpose, reported a 
draft of a report of additional artificers and stores to be 
forwarded to Ticonderoga, The same was read and agreed 
to, and is in the words and figures following, to wit; 

** The committee having considered the requisition on 
this colony, made by Colo. B. Arnold, commandant at 
Ticonderoga, for provisions, stores, &c. transmitted to this 
Congress by the committee of Albany, and at the same 
*time compared it with the list of supplies already ordered 
to be sent, do report that the following additional stores, 
&c. ought to be provided and sent : 

10 men of the train of artillery. 1 coil 2^ inch rope. ) -^^ . ,, 
12 ship carpenters and caulkers. 1 do 3 do J ^"° laiboms 

2 gun smiths 1 do U do ) *^^^' 

2 blacksmiths. 4 ps ravens duck. 

2 masons. 40 lb. sewing twine. 

100 hatchets. 10 doz of sail and colt rope needle^. 

20 broad axes. 1 doz. palras« 



208 Provincial Congress. 

60 spades. " 2 seines, 30 fathom long, capt. 12 

50 hoes. feet, and arms feet deep, of 

The iron work for 4 gins and coarse twine, meshes 1 i inches 

blocks; 8 falls for do. of 4^ square, 

inch rope. 2 doz. nail hammers. 

I fagot of steel. 

*' As to the oxen, carts, &c, mentioned in the said re- 
quisition, your committee are of opinion that those can 
be procured in the neighbourhood of that post." 

Ordered, That a copy thereof be made and delivered 
to Peter T. Curt^nius, and that he be desired to obtain 
the said artificers, men and stores, and forward the same 
to Albany with all possible despatch. 

The same committee also reported the draft of a letter 
to the committee of Albany, which was read and approved 
of, and is in the words following, to wit: 

** New York Provincial Congress, > 
June 1th, 1775. ) 

" Gent. — Before this comes to hand you will be fur- 
nished with our directions, dated 1st inst. We are con- 
vinced of the necessity of giving you explicit instructions 
respecting your conduct, but the -variety of business in 
which this Congress has been engaged, and the time which 
is necessarily taken up in our friendly intercourse with 
the Continental Congress and the Colony of Connecticut, 
does necessarily occasion at times 'an apparent delay in 
our directions to you. We highly approve of your zeal 
and activity in raising troops, but request you not to pro- 
ceed in making farther levies, until further orders. 

** The two companies raised in our county, and already 
on their march, you will suffer to proceed to join the forces 
at Ticonderoga; but must observe to you, that by the di- 
rections of the Continental Congress, their pay will stand 
on the same footing with that of ^he eastern Colonies, 
without allowing bounties or clothing to the men; and that 
they are to continue in the service until the last day of 
December next, unless the Continental Congress shall di- 
rect that they be sooner disbanded. 

'•Those companies which are under your direction 
formed, and not sent up, you will continue in pay, if your 



Provincial Congress. 209 

engagement with them will not justify your discharging 
them, and request that you send to this Co'ngress a return 
of the officers and men in each company. 

" The troops taken at St. John's, who are with you, 
should remain at liberty, and they may probably be of 
service in instructing your inhabitants the military exer- 
cise. If they refuse earning their bread, in this or any 
other way, it is, however, the intention of this Congress 
that they shall receive their subsistence out of the Colony 
provisions. 

" Enclosed we send you a copy of a letter from the Con- 
tinental Congress, and their resolve respecting the appoint- 
ment, of commissaries for receiving supplies of provisions 
at Albany. 

** Enclosed is also a copy of a resolve of the Grand 
Congress to discourage any incursions into Canada, but 
this has in some measure been anticipated by a former 
resolution of this House, (already published,) as well as 
your request respecting our letter to Govr. Trumbull, a 
copy of which has been sent you by Colo. Ten Broek. 

" We are, &c." 

Ordered, That a copy of the said letter to the commit- 
tee of Albany be engrossed, signed by the President, and 
transmitted. 

The gentlemen appointed a committee for that purpose, 
reported drafts of .two several letters to the Delegates of 
this Colony, at the Grand Continental Congress, which 
were severally read and approved, and are in the words 
following, to wit: 

** Provincial Congress, ) 

'*New York, June 7th, 1775. ) 

*^ To the Delegates in Congress. 

•* Gentlemkn — The Colonies of Massachusetts and 
Connecticut have formed their respective armies, and 
nominated to the general command of them. The suppo- 
sition that in case a continental army should be established 
by authority of your respectable body, their officers will 
be permitted to preserve their respective ranks, appearsT 
to us highly probable. In this view, we think it not im- 



210 Provincial Congress, 

probable that we shall be called on for a recommendation 
to fill the offices in the military appointment of this Colony. 
We take the liberty for the present, to furnish you with 
our sentiments on the appointment of a major and briga* 
" dier-general, and submit them to your superior wisdom, 
either for use or concealment: our only motive is to pre- 
vent a delay that might otherwise be occasioned by an 
opinion you may entertain of the necessity of asking our 
sentiments on that subject. 

•' Courage, prudence, readiness in expedients, nice per- 
ception, sound judgment, and great attention — these are 
a few of the natural qualities, which appear to us to be 
proper. To these ought to be added an extensive acquaint- 
ance with the sciences, particularly the various branches 
of mathematic knowledge, long practice in the military 
art, and above all a knowledge of mankind. On a general, 
in America, fortune, also, should bestow her gifts, that he 
may rather communicate lustre to his dignities, than re- 
ceive it; and that his country, in his property, his kindred 
and connections, may have sure pledges that he will faith- 
' fully perform the duties of his high office, and readily lay 
down his power when the general weal requires it. Since 
we can not do all that we wish, we will go as far towards 
it as we can. And, therefore, you will not be surprised to 
hear, that we are unanimous in the choice of Colo. Philip 
Schuyler and Capt. fiichard Montgomerie, to the offices of 
major and brigadier- generals. If we knew how to recom- 
mend them to your notice more strongly than by telling 
you that after considering the qualifications above stated, 
these gentlemen were approved of, without a single dissent, 
our regard to the public service would certainly lead us to 
do it in the most forcible terms. Nor will we enter into 
a minute detail of the characters and situations of two 
gentlemen, with whom our Delegates can not but be ac- 
quainted. In a word, we warmly recommend them, be- 
cause we have no doubts but that their appointment wifl 
give general satisfaction. 

Mr. John N. Bleecker sent in a return of stores and 
provisions which have been received at Albany from New 
York, of the quantities forwarded to Fort George, and of 



Provincial Congress. 211 

»uch as yet remain at Albany or have been there escpended. 
The said return was read and filed. 

A letter from John Bay, Secretary of the committee of 
Albany, was read, and is in the words following, to wit; 

" Albany, I6th June, 1775. 
** Sir — By order of the committee of this city and 
county, of the-15th inst. you have enclosed a copy of a 
letter from the Revd.' Samuel Kirkland, missionary among 
the Onida Indians. 

" I am, Sir, your humble servt. 

** JOHN BAY, Secry. P. T. 

[This letter of Mr. Eirkland's related the manner in 
which Col. Johnston forbade his missionary labors, under 
a jealousy of his influence with- the Indians in faror of 
the liberal party.] 

A letter from the committee at Albany was read, and 
is in the words following, to wit : 

Albany, 17 th June, 1775. 
•* Gent. — You have enclosed, by order of the committee, 
a request of Adonijah Strong, (Deputy Commissary,) to 
the committee of this city and county. 

** I am gent, your humble servt, 

-JOHN BAY, Secry. P. T." 

The request of Adonijah Strong mentioned and enclosed 
in Mr. Bay's letter, being read, 

Ordered, That the same be put on the file. 

A letter from the committee at Albany was read, and is 
in the words following, to wit: 

** Albany Committee Chamber, } 
June 2lst, 1775. J 

'* Gentlemen — Mr. Dirck Swart, a member of this 
board, who is just returned from Crown Point, brings us 
the following intelligence: That one Mr. Hay, who lives 
aSout forty miles up Lake Champlain, came down to Crown 
Point, who told Colo. Benedict Arnold, and others, that 
he had been at Montreal for some flour; that Governor 
Darleton had him seized and confined for several days; 
! hat by the interposition of the English merchants of that 



212 Provincial Congress. 

place, he received liberty to return home, and that the 
merchants, who procured him the pass from the Lieutenant* 
Governor, desired him to go down to Crown Point and 
Ticonderoga with all speed, and communicate to the com- 
mander of those fortresses that the French Gachnawaga 
Indians had taken up the hatchet ^ but that they refused to 
go out upon any scouts, until nine of their men who were 
then out returned, and that Governor Carleton was giving 
them presents daily. 

., " We are very sorry to inform you that from a number 
of corroborating circumstances, we have but too much rea* 
son to believe the above information to be true, and more 
especially as the troops, which amount to about six hun- 
dred men, suffer no persons coming up the lake to pass 
St. John's, if they can avoid it, where they are building 
floating batteries and boats. Mr. Swart also acquaints us 
that Mr. Hay said that Governor Carleton had asked the 
English merchants to take up arms against the Yankees^ 
(to make use of his own phraseology,) that the merchants 
refused, upon which he told them he would set the town 
on fire, which the merchants said he was welcome to do ; 
and added they could carry as much fire as himself. Mr. 
Hay also desired Mr. Swart, if he should happen to meet 
Mr. Price, he should request him not to proceed,' as the 
English merchants in Canada conceive it unsafe for him. 

" The forces above are in no proper state of defence, 
principally owing to the scarcity of powder, of which article 
we have not been able to send up more with the supply 
we have received from you, than three hundred and fifty 
pounds, which quantity is altogether insufficient to answer 
the purposes intended, and of little service in case of an 
attack. We can further inform you, this city is not half 
supplied, nor have the frontier inhabitants either powder 
or arms, for which applications have been and daily are 
making to us. We must therefore beg you will afford us 
all the assistance in your power, and send us per the first 
opportunity, such an additional quantity as you can con- 
veniently spare. 

•* We must also beg of you to send- us seventy-eight 
blankets, for so many of the men enjisted in this county. 



Provincial Congress, 213 

who are now at Fort George, without any. As also some 
money to pay the companies, as they are very uneasy and 
threaten to desert; two of their officers are now in town, 
and declare that they dare not return without some cash 
to satisfy their men. 

** We thought it our indispensible duty to inform you of 
these matters; therefore, send them you per express. 

•• We are, gent. 

"Your very humble servts. 
** By order of the Committee. 

** Saml. Stringer, Chairman. 

** To the gentlemen of the Provincial 

Congress of the Colony of New York." 

Ordered, That Mr. Peter T. Curtenius purchase seventy- 
eight blankets and forward the same to the committee at 
Albany, with all possible dispatch. And, 

Ordered^ That Mr. Abraham Yates write a private let- 
ter to the committee, in answer to their letter. 

A draft of a letter to John N. Bleecker and four other 
persons, formerly appointed agents at Albany, was read 
and approved, ^nd is iu the words following: 

** In Provincial Congress, 
. ''New York, June 2dth, 1775. 

•* Gsntlemen^ — We have received a letter from Mr. 
Elisha Piielps of the 22d instant, informing us, that in 
the absence of Mr. Bleecker, he was refused the provisions 
and stores left in his custody, and designed for the troops 
at Lake Champlaiu, &c. 

•* You will perceive by the enclosed copy of an order of 
the Continental Congress, that the appointment of Com- 
missary in that department, is left to the disposal of 
that government, or the General of the forces of Connec* 
ticut. 

" And it appears to us by a letter from Governor Trum- 
bull, dated the 19th instant, that Mr. Phelps is appointed 
Commissary, and that he doubts not he will conduct with 
prudence and good satisfaction; that he has directed him 
to correspond with Col. Hinman, to employ persons al- 
ready engaged, especially George Palmer, Esqr. 

[Annals viiJ] 19 ^ 



214 Provincial Congress. 

*• You will pleaso, therefore, to deliver up to him, or 
his order, all the supplies of provisions and stores in your 
hands and custody for the said forces, and take his receipt 
for every thing you deliver him, and send us an account 
of all such stores as you have issued to the troops or shall 
deliver to the said Commissary, and your account of ex* 
penses to this time. 

*' To ihe Commissaries at Albany, 

" Appointed by the Provincial Congress." 

"Philadelphia, 30th June, 1775. 

*• P. S. Since writing the above, the Congress have 
requested the Com. of Philadelphia, immediately to send 
forward 50 quarter casks of powder; it set out this day, 
consigi)edto the committee of Elizabeth Town, who will 
send it to DQbbs's ferry — you will provide for its being im- 
mediately taken from thence and carried to Albany, for 
the use of the troops at Ticonderoga a'nd Crown Point. 

*'To PBTKE Van Bkitqh Livingston, Esqr, 

President of the Provincial Congress at New York.'* 

Mr. Pye offered to go to Dobbs's ferry to take care of 
the powder mentioned in the letter from the New York 
Delegates; and thereupon anr order was signed by the Pre- 
sident pro tempore, and delivered to Mr. Pye as the bear- 
er, directing the person or persons who shall have the said 
powder to deliver it to Mr. Pye, taking his receipt for the 
same. And also another order was made, signed as afore- 
said, and delivered to Mr. Pye, directing him to deliver 
the said fifty quarter casks of powder to such person or 
master of a sloop as may have an order from this Con- 
gress for that purpose. 

A draft of a letter to -the committee of the city of Al- 
bany concerning the said 50 quarter casks of powder, was 
read and approved of, and is in the words following, to 
wit: 

** Provincial Congress. ) . 

''New York, July 3(f, 1775. \ 

** Gentlemen — You will receive by the bearer 50 quar- 
ter casks of gunpowder, sent from Philadelphia by the 
Continental Congress, for the use of the forts at Crown- 
point and Ticonderoga. You are sensible of the necessity 



Provincial Congress, 215 

of forwarding it with all possible dispatch and safety, and 
will doubtless duly attend to a matter of so much import- 
ance. 

** We are, gentlemen, your humble servts. 

** By order of the Provincial Congress, 

*'To Samuel Strinqeb, Esqr. Chairman of 

the Committee at Albdny." 

Ordered, That a copy thereof be engrossed, signed by 
the President pro tempore, and delivered to the Albany 
members, to be transmitted by such skipper as they shall 
direct to stop for and receive the said powder. 

A letter from General Schuyler was read, and is in the 
words following, to wit: 

New York, July 3d, 1775, 

" Gentlemen — I do myself the honour to enclose you 
an estimate of such stores, &c, as at present appear to me 
necessary to be forwarded to Albany. The pitch, oakum 
and nails, I wish to have sent with all possible dispatch. 
I am very certain that a variety of other articles will be 
wanted which I shall be better able to ascertain after my 
arrival at Albany, for which place I propose setting out 
tomorrow. 

'* I am informed that a considerable quantity of lead was 
found at Ticonderoga; but if it should not equal my ex- 
pectations, I may be exposed to insurmountable difficulties. 
I, therefore, wish ihat at least half of the quantity which 
I have estimated, may be ordered up without delay, to- 
gether with 50 casks of powder, which I am advised will 
be sent you from Philadelphia. 

** As it is probable from the manoeuvres of Govr. Carl- 
ton, that I shall speedily want a reinforcement of troops 
at Ticonderoga, and not being at liberty to remove the 
Connecticut troops from hence, I entreat that you will be 
pleased to forward whatever men may be levied in this Co- 
lony immediately to Albany, without waiting until the 
corps are completed. 

*' f hope, gentlemen, on ererj occasion to be favored 
with your advice ; and indeed, as the important charge 
conferred on me by the Continental congress, was done 
in deference to you, your polite and honorable (yet alto- 
gether unmerited) recommendation of me, I shall with the 



216 * Pramneial Congress, 

fullest confidence look up to you for your aid and counte- 
nance, at once to promote the public service and to prevent 
me from sinking under the weighty concerns of my office. 
And give me leave to assure you that, though I have the 
clearest conviction that I shall never be al)le to equal the 
high opinion you have induced the Congress to entertain 
of me, yet no effort shall be wanting on my part, to deserve 
it as far as possible, that I may not draw disgrace on you, 
my country or myself. 
** I am. gentlemen, 

'* With sentiments of the most profound respect, 
'* Your most obedt. and most hble. servt. 

**Ph. Schuyler." 

A letter from Elisha Phelps, Commissary at Albany for 
the Connecticut troops, was read, and is in the words fol- 
lowing: 

Albany, July 7th, 1775. 

"HoN'D Sir — Received your favor dated June 29th, 
1775, on the 6th day of July instant. I also received the 
stores of provisions in place of Mr. Bleecker, who I was 
in hopes might have been ordered to purchase provisions 
and deliver to me to forward. Sir, flour is either very 
scarce in this city or can not be purchased without money. 
I have been throughout this city, with the assistance of 
Esq. Palmer, and could get but twenty barrels; also have 
been to Schenectady and could not get but ten barrels there. 
I am much afraid the troops will suffer if they can not 
be immediately supplied. I wrote by the post to one of 
the gentlemen of the committee for two or three hundred 
barrels of flour; should be glad your Honor would see 
and order as you think proper. Col. Hinman has wrote 
orders to me for hospitial stores, and they can not all be 
got in this city. Capt. Motte will inform you more par- 
ticularly. Sir, should be glad to know who in particular 
to write to for provisions, &c. at New York, that is and 
will be wanted. 

•* Sir, I am with esteem, your most 

** Humble servant at command, 

'' Elisha Phelps. 

*'To the Honorable P. V. B. Livikgstoh, Esq." 



-Provincial Congress, ^11 

A letter from John N. Bleecker at Albany, was read, 
and is in the words following, to wit: 

Albany, 4th July, 1775, 
** Gentlemen — I received your letter of the 29th iilt. 
and have, agreeable to your directions, delivered up all the 
stores and provisions in my care, an account whereof you 
have enclosed. I can't omit observing that the person in 
whose care I have left the stores, &c. ducing my absence 
did not think himself justified to deliver them without an 
order from you, especially as it appears by Mr, Phelps's 
warrant that he is only appointed for one regiment, a copy 
of which is enclosed. A number of different accounts for 
provisions and necessaries, purchased as well by me as in 
my absence, have not yet been delivered in, which pre- 
vents my transmitting an account at present of the expenses 
which we have been at, but I shall not fail to render an 
account in a few days. Five barrels damaged powder from 
Ticonderoga is sent to Judge Livingstones mill. The gar- 
rison will be in want of flour very soon, iand none to be 
had here before I delivered up the stores. 

" I am, gentlemen, your most 

'* Obedie^it and most humble servt. 

*' John N. Bleecker. 
" To P. V. B Livingston, Esq." 

The account of provisions and stores, and also the ap- 
pointment of Eiisha Phelps, mentioned in Mr. Bleecker's 
letter were also read and filed. 

July 31s^ 1775. 
The Deputies for the city and county of Albany pro- 
duced new credentials, which were read and filed, and are 
in the words following, to wit : 

'' Albany Committee Chamber, 
'* July ISth, 1775. 
** The committee of this city and county having here* 
tofore appointed Messrs. Abraham Yates, Jr. Robert 
Yates, Abraham Ten Broeck, Jacob Cuyler, Henry Glenn, 
Francis Nicoll, Peter Silvester. Dirck Swart, Walter Li- 
vingston, Volkert P. Douw and Robert Van Rensselaer, the 
Deputies of this city and cou«ity to attend the Provincial 



218 Provincial CongreBS. 

Congress, with general powers to represent Ibis city and 
county, hilt by reason of the inconvenience attending the 
attendance of all the Deputies in the said Provincial Con- 
gress, it is therefore 

'* Resolved, That for the future the said deputies attend 
the said Congress, or any four or more of their number, 
for the purposes aforesaid, with the same power and au- 
thority as if all the said deputies i^re present. 

*' Abrahm Yates, Junr. Chairman. 

" John Bay, Secry, P. T." 

A letter from John N. Bleecker, at Albany, with the ac- 
counts enclosed, were read and tiled. 

Mr. Robert Yates of Albany, delivered into Congres 
sundry papers relating to Indian affairs, which were read, 
and are marked and numbered as follows, to wit: 

No. 1. A speech of four Oneida chiefs to the committee 
of Albany, dated at the Committee Chamber at Albany, 
June 24th, 1775. 

No'. 2. A speech of the inhabitants of the county of 
Albany, drawn up by the committee of Albany, spoken 
at the German Flats to the Oneida Indians. 

No. 3. A speech to the inhabitants of Albany, being the 
answer of the Oneidas and Tuscaroras at the German 
Flats, dated July 1st, 1775. 

August Bth, 1775. 

A memorial of Philip Van Rensselaer, of Albany, ap- 
pointed by Robert Livingston, Esq, Deputy Commissary 
General, to purchase barreled pork for the use of the 
Continental army, was read. 

The said memorial set forth that p6rk can not be pur- 
chased in this Colony, and requests that this Congress 
would write to Gov. Trumbull for leave to purchase 450 
barrels of good merchantable pork in Connecticut. 

A copy of the examination of Gerrit Roseboom of 
the city of Albany, taken before the sub-committee of the 
city and county of Albany on the 15th July last; and also* 
a copy of the examination of Benjamin Davis, (alias John 
Johnson,) sworn before John Ten Broeck, Esq., at Al- 
bany, both relating to Indian affairs, were read and filed. 



Propincial Congress. 219 

August 15/A, 1775. 
** Please* to order all the powder, that is m^deat Judge 
Livingston's powder mill, to Albany, with as much dis- 
patch as possible, directed in the care of the Deputy 
Commissary-General, Walter Livingston, Esq. 

**The clothing and tents, for the Green Mountain Boys, 
I wish you to forward as soon as possible. 
** I am, gentlemen, with great respect, 
'* Your most. obedient humble servant, , 

Ph. Schuylbb.'* 

Ordered, That a letter be wrote to the Hon. Robert B. 
Livingston, requesting that all the gunpowder, now at the 
powder mill at R^iinebeck, be sent to Walter Livingston, 
Esq. Deputy Commissary General, at Albany, to be by 
him forwarded to Gen. Schuyler, at Ticonderoga, or his 
order, agreeable to Gen. Schuyler's request, 

A letter from the committee at Albany was read and 
filed, and is in the words following, to wit : 

** Albany Committee Chamber, 
•* \Oth August, 1775. 
** Gentlemen — We find ourselves once more obliged 
to trouble you with respect to the soldiers who were 
taken prisoners at St. Johns, who have been furnished 
with provisions by Elisha Phelps* Esq. commissary (ap- 
pointed by the Governor of Connecticut) till a few days 
ago, when Mr. Phelps went into Connecticut on business 
and left no order with his deputy to supply them, who 
being unwilling to supply them without orders from our 
Board, spoke to the chairman, who told him he thought 
as the army was now properly organized, it was their 
business to give orders concerning prisioners, and re- 
ferred him to Gen. Montgomery, who, (as the said deputy 
informed us) found much fault with their insolence, and 
thought it improper that they should be suffered to re- 
main in this town, as being a frontier place where they 
might do disservice to the public cause, and therefore 
declined doing anything in the affair. Upon which, Mr. 
Phelps's deputy made application to us again, advising us 



220 Provincial Congress, 

at the same time, that the soldiers were so insolent as 
to threaten to take provisions *by force if he refused to 
supply them. We have come to a resolution to supply 
them as formerly, till we have your farther instructions 
in the premises. 

'* We are, gentlemen. 

'* Your humble servants, 

**By order of the committee. 
Abm. Yates, Junr, Chiirman. 

A. draft of a letter to the committee of Albany was 
read and approved of, and is in the words following, to 
wit : 

^ *• In Provincial Congrkss, 
New York, Aug. 2U^ 1775. 
Gentlemen— We received your letter of the 10th inst. 
in answer to which we inform you, that it is the direction 
of the Congress that provisions be furnished for the pri- 
soners, for which you will apply to the commissary. 

*• We are, gentlemen, your humble servants. 
*'To Abraham Yates, Jr. Chairman 

of th« Committee at Albany." 

Messrs. Abraham Ten Broeck, Jacob Cuyler and Robert 
Yates, Deputies for the city and county of Albany, pro- 
duced a certificate from "the committee of the city of Al- 
bany, which is In the words following, to wit : 

*' Albany, Committee Chamber, } 
*• leth August, 1775. - i 
" Whereas the endeavors of this committee in collect- 
ing the accounts and charges of this county, chiefly accru- 
ed by the recommendation of this committee, have as you 
proved ineffectual, and sundry people are daily very 
pressing for their money : 

** Be it Resolved by this committee, immediately to ap- 
ply to Provincial Congress, by draft, for one thousand 
pounds, to enable them to discharge such of their debts 
as are now most pressing, and that said committee shall 
hereafter lay before the Copgress proper vouchers for 
such disbursements. 

"A true copy from the minutes. 

•• Mat. Yisscher, Clerk. 



ProvinciaJ Congress, 221 

The same gentlemen, Deputies from Albany, produced 
the draft mentioned in the said resolve of the committee 
of Albany, which is in the words following, to wit: 

** Albany Committee Chamber, ) 
" leth August 1775. S 

•* Gentlemen — Please to pay to Messrs. Abraham Ten 
Broeck, Jacob Cuyler, and Robert Yates, or either of 
them, or order, the sum of one thousand pounds for the 
use of this committee, to be applied towards defraying 
part of the public charge, as per advice of a resolve from 
the committee. 

** Abm. Yates, Junr, Chairman. 

Ordered, That Peter Van Brugh Livingston, Esq. pay 
to Messrs. Abraham Ten Broeck, Jacob Cuyler and Rob- 
ert Yates, or either of them, or their order, one thousand 
pounds, on account of the use of the committee of Albany, 
to be applied towards defraying the public charge, ac- 
crued in that part of the Colony, and take a receipt for 
the same. 

September Isf, 1775. 

A letter from Col. Goose Van Schaick, dated the 29th 
August, was read and filed, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

'* Albany, August 29/A. 1775. 

" Genixemen — I am at present stationed in Albany by 
Gen. Schuyler to forward the troops that arrive here, to 
Ticonderoga, and it gives me pain to inform you that Col, 
Clinton arrived here with the other field officers and six 
companies of his battalion, five of which are armed, but 
in bad repair. They have been supplied with blankets 
at this place — other necessaries are wanted. 

'*'Col. Van Cortlandt is also arrived here with five com- 
panies of Holmes's battalioL, who have not arms sufficient 
to supply one company, and are totally destitute of all 
other tents, accoutrements and necessaries, saving their 
I'egimental coats. We shall endeavor to procure as many 
stand of arms as possible, upoii terms of the resolve 
published by you ; but am very well persuaded that the 



222 Provincial Congress, 

number will greatly fall short of the number wanted to 
supply the companies that are now here and those ex- 
pected. 

'• As Gen. Schuyler is returned to Ticonderoga, this 
matter I conceive, comes w thin my province ; and I 
should ever accuse myself of inhumanity and want of love 
to my country, should I be backward in giving you a 
tru« account of the situation and distress of these compa- 
nies, when I consider how much they are wanted at the 
forts above. I therefore loo a up to you, and beg that 
you will, without delay, send up such or so many arms, 
tents, blankets and other necessaries, as will supply those 
companies, so that they may be forwarded with the great- 
est dispatch. 

"I must also inform vou, the men are much discon- 
tented for want of their pay, and. do assure you that the 
service greatly suffers. There is scarce anything to be 
heard in the camp but mutinies. I have for that pur- 
pose, wrote to Mr. Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. who, I am in- 
formed, is appointed deputy-paymaster-general, which 
letter I enclose you, as I do not know where he is at 
present. I beg, therefore, that you will forward it to 
him by express.' 

•*I am very happy, however, to inform 70U that, not- 
withstanding the clamors and discontents of my men at 
first, there is at present nine of my companies up at Ti- 
conderoga, with the other two field officers in actual ser- 
vice, and the last will march to-morrow. 

"I am gentlemen, 

** Your most obedient 

•* Humble servant, 

" Goose Van Schaick, 

A letter from the committee of Albany of the 29th ult. 
was read and filed, and is in the words following, to wit : 

"Albany Committee Chamber, ) 
** August 29^/i, 1775. S 

*• Gentlemen — We expected when the army was once 
organized, we should not be so frequently called upon 
about matters not in our province. But the situation of 



Provincial Congress, 223 

Col. Van Cortlandt and the men under his command, in 
a great measure obliges us to give him all the assistance 
in our power — not, however, that it is to be made a pre- 
cedent of. The enclosed letter from Col. Van Cortlandt 
will show you the posture. he is in, and the necessity of a 
speedy relief. We fear we shall be able to afford him 
but little assistance. The hospital and barracks are 
filled with Indians attending the congress; the barns about 
the town loaded with the crops of the season, and the 
city crowded continually with a numerous cone surse of 
people. The former and frequent applications for amu- 
nition has drained us in short of almost every thing of 
that sort. 

•• We are, gentlemen, 

•* Your humble servants, 

'* By order of the committee, 
" Abm. Yates. Junr. Chairman. 

*' P. V. B. Livingston, President 

of ihe Congress.'' 

A letter from Philip Van Cortlandt, lieutenant-colonel 
of the fourth regiment, dated at Albany, August 28th, 
1775, was read and filed, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

*' Albany, August 28/*, 1775. 

"Dear Sir — Agreeable to verbal orders received from 
Col. Holmes when last in New Y'ork. made all the dis- 
patch in my power to this place, where I arrived the 
26th inst. finding Capt. Henry B. Livingston with his 
company in a small house in town. He wants many 
things — such as shoes, stockings, shirts, under cloths, 
haversacks and cash, having advanced all himself that 
has been paid his men as yet. The day I arrived, came 
up the following captains with their companies : Capt. 
Herrick, Capt. Palmer, Capt Horton and Capt. Mills — all 
without blankets, excepting Capt. David Palmer — many 
of the men wanting shirts, shoes, stockings, under cloths, 
and in short without anything fit for a soldier, except a 
uniform coat, and not more than thirty guns with four 
companies fit for service. 



224 Provincial Congress. 

•* They are now on board of the small boats that 
brought them up, having no place for them to go into, as 
there is not one tent that I can find for our battalion; 
and three companies without blankets, and none to be 
had at this place. I do not know how to act, or what 
to do with them. They begin to ask for cash and better 
lodgings, being much crowded in the small boats in 
which I am obliged to keep them. 

" I this morning made application to the committee 
of Albany, who uiil do all in their power for me, which 
I belreve, is but very little. 

*' I shall be much obliged to the Honorable Congress 
tcTsend me with all convenient speed, arms, blankets, 
tents, shoes, stockings, haversacks, and cash by all means. 
I want to be going forward, where, by what I can learn, 
we shall be wanting if we can go soon, or not at all. 

'*The men say, * give us guns,' blankets^ tents, &c., 
and we'll tight the devil himself, but do not keep us here 
in market boats, as though we were a parcel of sheep or 
calves.' In short nothing can give me morre pleasure 
than the arrival of the aforesaid articles; until which, I 
shall do all in my power to keep the men together, and 
in as good order as clubs and canes can keep them, with- 
out arms to keep a proper guard; as I have orders from 
the general to collect all the arms together, and send as 
many men off directly to Ticonderoga, (and that without 
tents) which will not be a lull company, unless I can 
purchase some arms here. 

'*I remain, dear sir, 

•• Your most obedient, hum, servant, 
•* Philip Van Cortlandt, 

*• Lieut. Col, of the 4th battalion. 

••p. S, The cash I received I was obliged to pay to 
the mutinious menin the lower 6arracks; and I sent by 
Lieut. Riker to Capt. Woodard, at Newton, Long 
Island, some part of it." 

September 20th, 1775. 

A letter from Walter Livingston, Esq. Deputy Com- 
missary-fieneral at Albany was read and filed, and is in 
the words following, to wit : 



Provincial Congress, 225 

•* Albany, September Qth, 1775. 

** GENTLirMEN — I lately received a number of gun bar- 
rels, which were sent by Maj. Gen. Schuyler's orders 
from the garrisons above, to be stocked, locked and 
made fit for the service ; as many of them as could be re- 
paired in this city and in Schenectadv I have delivered 
to the armorers; 180 are sent to Connecticut, the re- 
mainder wete ordered to be sent to the Provincial Con- 
gress; they shall be sent down and consigned to Mr. 
Peter T. Curtenius. 

''Those repaired in this city and Schenectady I can not 
with propriety pay for; I must therefore request the Con- 
gress will give orders for it. I know of nobody to whom 
I can apply for that purpose, it being in the general's 
opinion a Provincial charge, ultimately to be paid by the 
associated colonies. 

'* The number of barrels sent are 237. 

Walter Livingston, D. C. Genl, 

September 22d, 1775. 

Maj. Nicoll informed the Committee, that the com- 
missioners for Indian affairs at Albany, having occasion 
for gunpowder to make presents to the Indians, the com- 
mittee of Albany had, on application of the said com- 
missioners, spared to them the gunpowder which was 
lately ordered for the county of Albany, and Maj. Nicoll 
informed that Albany is entirely destitute of powder. 

Ordered, That two hundred weight of gunpowder be 
supplied to Maj. Nicoll, or his order, from the powder 
mill in Khinebeck precinct, to be delivered to the com- 
mittee of the city and county of Albany, and that the 
said committee pay for the said gunpowder to the manu- 
facturer thereof, at th^rate of £20 per hundred. 

A letter to the Hon. Robert R. Livingston, was read 
and approved, and is in the words following, to wit : 

•*SiR — The committee of Albany has spared their 
small supply of gunpowder to the commissioners for In- 
dian affairs, and earnestly requested of us an order for 
tOOlbs. 

[Annals vii.] 20 



226 Provincial Congrets. 

*• We have given an order for two hundred weight at 
your mill to Maj, Nicoll, or his order. The committee of 
Albany are to pay for it to you at your order. 

Ordired^ That the committee at Albany are requested 
to have the barracks, or hospital at Albany, or both, as 
the committee shall think proper, repaired with all possi- 
ble dispatch, in the cheapest and least expensive manner, 
so as to make them fit for the reception of the troops of 
the Continental army; and that the said committee be 
farther requested to direct such a quantity of firewood 
to be procured for the use of the said barracks as they 
shall think necessary; and that the said committee send 
an account, with the most authentic vouchers, of the ex» 
pense and disbursements occasioned by making such re- 
pairs and procuring firewood, to the Congress or Com- 
mittee of Safety, of this Colony, that the same may be 
audited and paid. 

The petition of Elizabeth White, wife of Alexander 
White, sheriff of Tryon, praying that her husband may 
be discharged from Albany jail on his parol of honor, or 
be heard before the committee of Albany, was read and 
filed. 

A draft of a letter to the committee at Albany, to 
cover the order for repairing the barracks and hospital, 
was read and approved, and is in the words following, to 
wit • 

Oct, 4lh, 1775. 

"Gentlbmen — By the enclosed resolutions you will 
see that the barracks and hospital, or either of them, as 
you may think proper, are to be prepared and firewood 
to be procured. It is, howefer, the sense of this Con- 
gress, that the burden of this commission should not be 
troublesome to your committee, iniless you incline to act 
therein, as it may be now expeditiously and eflTectually 
done by appointing two persons; Messrs. Guysbert Mer- 
selis and Cornelius Santfort, of your committee, are re- 
commended to superintend this business, under your di- 
rection. If you approve of this appointment, you can 
immediately set about the work. We think it not ira- 



Provineial Congress, 227 

proper to hint to you, that the less expensive the opera- 
tion is, will be the most agreeable ^to, gentlemen, 

•* Your most obedient servant. 

•* By order. 

A letter from Benjamin Baker on the subject of making 
saltpetre, was read and filed, and is in the words follow- 
ing, to wit : 

**Gentlkmkn — Gen. Montgomery when in Albany, 
heard of my attempts towards the production cf nitre, 
sent for me to his lodging, and after some examination 
and inquiry, requested of me to make application to the 
committee for their assistance towards establishing a 
manufactory. Colonel Abraham Ten Broeck, requested 
me to write you somewhat of my pretensions in that way 
for your farther consideration. In conformity to this re- 
quest, I have wrote you as follows : 

" From repeated trials and experiments have strong 
reasons to believe that saltpetre may in these parts of 
America, be made in as large quantities as now pot and 
pearl ashes are, or even to intercept in a great measure 
the East India trade in that article. Common alkaline 
salts and wood otherwise concentrated into an acid juice, 
— these two oppositions, and yet affinities, form a neutral 
commixture, and becomes, as it were,' a proper magnet 
for the attraction of nitrous particles. These two ma- 
terials only with circulatory vessels properly adapted, 
and other apparatus convenient, large quantities assuredly 
may, at one work be made, even to 20 or 30 tons a year, 
and at the same time, the method so simple that the 
country people may easily learn the process, to the bene- 
fit of themselves and Continent. A capital work to make 
the above -quanjity, would require a stock at least of 
£1000. and so on in proportion for lesser quantities. It 
is not the want of business ind .ces me to make this ap- 
plication, but on the other hand to serve the country^ 
and oblige the gentleman that applied to me. I am 
already established in business in an art peculiar to my- 
self, in preparing in such purity alkaline salts, as to an- 



228 Provincial Congrea^ 

8wer all the different purposes in pharmacy, which may 
hereafter bring in great emoluments to America. 

*'I am gent, with due obedience, 

'* Your humble servant, 

" Benjn Baker. 

** N, B. It is not in the power of any art yet known 
to make from its origin, saltpetre in that limited time 
you are pleased to offer a price so extraordinary for.'* 

Ordered, That the gentlemen who are members from 
Albany, write to the said Benjamin Baker, to know 
what quantity of saltpetre he can make by the first day 
of May next, and on what terms. 

Oct. 6th, 1775. 
A letter from Maj. Gen. Schuyler was read and filed, 
and is in the words following, to wit: 

*'Ticonderoga, Sept. 29th, 1775, 
"Gentlemen — I am still confined with the remains of 
an inveterate disorder. I have this moment received a 
line from Gen. Montgomery; he holds St. Johns besieged, 
but the weak state of our army and artillery cause the 
operations to go on slowly. The Canadians are friendly 
to us, and join us in great numbers, but unless we suc- 
ceed against St. John*s. all other operations in that quar- 
ter will avail little. We are in want of powder, and I 
send this by express, that you may forward me five tons 
if you can. It should come in boats that can be rowed, 
that no delay may be made. Several rascals of the 
first battalion have deserted to the enemy, and Capt. 
Mott of the same corps, shamefully ran away from our 
bomb battery, when not one of the enemy was near 
him. 

**Pray let the powder be sent to the care of Col. Van 
Schaick, at Albany. 

*'We have taken fifteen prisoners, seven of which are 
soldiers, the rest unfriendly Canadians and Scotchmen, 
in the service of the ministry. 

•Th. Schuyler." 

A draft of a letter to the Hon. Robert R. Livingston, 



Provineial Congress. 229 

was read and approved of, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

"Sir — Gen. Schuyler has, by express, sent to lis for 
five tons of powder; we have sent forward 1,400 weight, 
all that we have, in a boat rowed with oars, to make 
dispatch. 

** We pray you to order all the powder at the mill at 
Rhynbeck, to be forwarded by this conveyance." 

October 13/ A. 1775. 
A4ong let,ter in French from Jean Viellatt, on behalf 
of himself and some other French gentlemen from Can- 
ada, who are prisoners at Albany, was read in English 
by Mr. Morris. 

« 

The draft of a letter to the committee at Albany^ 
was read and approved of, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

"Gbntlemkn — The Canadian prisoners in your city 
have applied to us in order to obtain their liberty, 
which it certainly is not in our power to give them. 
The Generals Schuyler and Montgomery, must have had 
good reason to take them into custody; yet it is our duty 
to alleviate as much as possible the evils of their con- 
finement. We therefore request this of you,and also to pro- 
vide them with lodgings and board at the public expense, 
taking the necessary precautions to prevent their escape,*' 

A draft of ah answer to the said Jean Viellatt, was 
read and approved of, and is in the words following, to 
wit : 

•'Gentlemen — We are sorry that the fortune of war 
hath deprived you of liberty, and are unacquainted with 
the reasons that have induced the Generals to take that 
step. It is our misfortune equally with yours that we 
are not authorized to take this matter into our consi* 
deration; and therefore we have sent your memorial to 
the Continental Congress, who are alone competent. 
All that is in our power is to obey the dictates of 'hu- 
manity by endeavors to alleviate the rigors of your cap- 
tivity; for this purpose we enclose you a letter to the 



230 Pnmneial Congrts$* 

committee of Albany, which you will be pleased to de- 
liver them; and believe that we are with regret. 

A letter from Jacob Lansing, Jr. Esq , chali-man of the 
committee at Albany, was read and filed, and is in the 
words following, to wit: 

Albany, Oct. 9/A, 1775. 

*'6bntlembn — In consequence of your letter respect- 
ing the repairing df the barracks, we have appointed 
those persons whom you recommended to us, who we 
judge are. competent for the purpose; we will give them 
all the advice they may stand in need of, in order to 
complete this business with expedition. And as many 
articles can not be got without cash, viz: firewood, lime, 
brick, &c., we have therefore taken the liberty to draw 
upop you in favor of Messrs. Peter Silvester, Abraham 
Yates, Jr., and Henry Glenn, Esqs. for the sum of two 
hundred pounds, for which sum this committee will be 
accountable for after the work is completed. 

'*Jacob Lansing, Jon. Chairman.^' 

The draft for two hundred pounds mentioned in the 
letter of Jacob Lansing Jr. Esq., chairman of the com- 
mittee of Albany, was read and filed, and is in the words 
following, to wit: 

''Albany, October 9th, 1175. 

••Sir — Please to pay or cause to be paid, unto Messrs. 
Peter Silvester, Abraham Yates Jr. and Henry Glenn, 
Esqs. the sum of two hundred pounds. New York cur- 
rency, for the purposes mentioned in our letter of this 
day's date. 

•Jacob Lansing, Jox. Chairman,'^ 

Ordered, That Peter Van Brugh Livingston, Esq., aa 
Treasurer of the Provincial Congress, do pay to Peter 
Silvester, Abraham Yates, Jr. and Henry Glenn Esqs.« 
the sum of two hundred pounds, New York currency, 
for the purpose of repairing the barracks at Albany, 
and that Mr. Livingston take a receipt from those gen* 
tlcmen for that sum. 

Mr. Abraham Yates from the members of Albany 
brought in a draft to Walter Livingston, £sq..tho Depu* 



Provincial , Congnu. 231 

ty Commissary General at Albany, relating to the ac- 
counts of ferrymen for ferrying soldiers in that county, 
which was read anii approved of, and is in the words 
following, to wit; 

•*SiR — Upon application of the members from Albany 
representing the unsettled state of the ferrymen's 
charges for carrying over the troops on their way to the 
seat of action, we think proper to inform you that we 
conceive those charges should be a Continental charge, 
and would recommend it to you to settle the same, that 
no obstruction may arise to the troops passing and re« 
passing to and from that quarter.'* 

A letter from Col. Goose Van Schaick of the 15th 
inst. was read and filed, and is in the words following, 
to wit: 

''Albany, October I6th, 1775. 

"Sir — Agreeable to General Schuyler's orders to me, 
I send down sergeant Neil McFall of the 2Cth regiment 
and William Elphiston. bv>th taken in Canada. Those 
prisoners will be delivered you by Thomas Batts, ser- 
geant in the Connecticut troops; hope he wiU deliver 
them safe to your custody. 

•*GoosE Van Schaick." 

A long letter from Benjamin Baker, at Albany, on 
the subject of making saltpetre, was read and filed. The 
gentlemen who were deputies from Albany are request- 
ed to write him an answer, that the Congress does not 
at present incline to comply with his proposals. 

A letter from Col. Goose Van Schaick .dated at Alba- 
ny on the 2d November ult., informing Congress of the 
death of John Keyser, second lieutenant in Capt. Chris- 
topher Yates*s company, and recommending that Mr. 
Tobias Van Vechten may be appointed to supply the va- 
cancy. 



(232) 

DUTCH CHURCH PAPERS. 



There remain in the hist of the IJCorth Dutch Church, 
a few ancitnt papers, which have an interest from their 
antiquity, their historical connections, or the quaintness 
of their style. The oldest of them is a conveyance by 
Governor Stuy vesant himself, of a lot for an almshouse, 
dated 1652, which being translated from the original Ne- 
derlandsch, is as follows: 

We Petrus Stuy vesant Director- General and counsel- 
lors of their Highnesses the States General of the Unit- 
ed Netherlands, his Highness of Orange and the Di- 
'rectors of the Octroyed West Indian Company, resid- 
ing in New Netherlands make known by these presents, 
that we on this day, as written below, have granted and 
conveyed as an almshouse, in behalf of the inhabitants 
of Beverwyck, near Fort Orange, within the limits and 
jurisdiction of the West Indian Company, the farm, 
bounded north by the Fuyck kill and south by the pub- 
lic road, west by Jacob Janssen and east by the wagon 
road, with express condition and stipulation that the 
holders and possessors of the aforesaid farm shall ac- 
knowledge the Directors of the West Indian Company 
as Patroons under the sovereignty of their Highnesses 
the S ates General of the United Netherlands and to 
obey here their Director and Counsellors as good and 
faithful subjects are bound to do, and to pay ail duties 
and taxes as ordered or to be ordered hereafter by the 
Directors of the said company; granting and convey- 
ing by these presents to the Deacons of the aforesaid 
city, real and actual possession, to hold it, cultivate it, 
or make it productive to provide for the wants of the 
poor, without any compensation whatever to us the 
aforesaid Grantors, but do grant and convey the same-in 
behalf of the poor now and for ever. In witness where- 
of we the subscribers have caused our seal in red wax 
to be affixed hereunto. 



Dutch Church Papers. 233 

Fort New Amsterdam in New Netherland, 23d April, 
anno 1652. 

P. Stuyvksant. 

By order of the Director General aftd counsellors of 
New Netherland. Cor. van Tiekhoven, Seer. 

No. 2. 

conveyance of a garden lot to JACOB JANSEN. 

We Petrus Stuyvesant Director General and Counsel- 
lors of their Highnesses the States General of the Unit* 
ed Netherlands, and the Directors of the Octioyed 
West Indian Company, residing in New Netherland, 
make known by these presents that we on this day, as 
written below, have granted and conveyed unto Jacob 
Jansen, the brewer, as a garden, the farm situated within 
the limits of Fort Orange, bounded south by Domine 
Schaets, east by Gysbert Cornel isse, west and north by 
the public road, beini; lot No. 19, wide four rods and a 
half and long six rods and a half, with express condition 
and stipulation that the holders or possessors of the same 
shall acknowledge the Directors of the West Indian 
Company as Patroons under the sovereignty of their 
Highnesses the States General of the United Netherlands 
and to obey here their Director and Counsellors as good 
and faithful subjects are bound to do and to pay all du- 
ties and taxes as ordered or to be ordered hereafter by 
the Directors of the West Indian Company, granting 
and conveying by these presents to the said Jacob Jan- 
sen, his heirs or executors in this state, real and actual 
possession to use and dispose of the same as his owii 
property without any compensation to us the aforesaid 
Grantors. In witness whereof, we the subscribers have 
caused our seal in red wax to be affixed hereunto. 

Fort Orange in New Netherland, 25th October. 1653. 

P. Stuyvesant. 

By order of the Director Qcneral and Counsellors of 
New Netherland. Jacob Kip, Seer. 

No. 3. 
lease by the deacons of the alms house. 
Memorandum that we the undersigned John Cuyler 



234 Dutch Church Paprs. 

and Evert Rancker, Deacons of the Church at Albany of 
the first part, and Robert Barrett of the second part, 
made an agreement, as follows, viz : 

Cuyler and Bancker certify to have let to Robt. Bar- 
rett and Robt. Barrett to have rented from Cuyler and 
Bancker, the western part of the almshouse with half 
the farm occupied by it, such as the same is situated 
within its fences, for the term of one year, commencing 
this date, and ending the 1st May 1701, for the sum of 
eighty-four guilders, vahie inSewant, to pay the first 
half November 1st 1700, and the other half at the ex- 
piration of this agreement, and no deduction of the rent 
or any allowance will be made for any improvements 
made on the aforesaid house and farm. 

In consideration of which the letters and their suc- 
cessors, and the tenant and his heirs bind themselves by 
law. 

Signed and sealed at Albany May, 1st, 1700. 

Robt. Barrett. 

Signed and sealed in presence of 

No. 4. 

INDENTURE OF SERVITUDE. 

This Indenture witnesseth that Aulkey Hubertse, 
Daughter of John Hubertse, of the Colony |of Rensse- 
laerwyck deceased hath bound herself as i^Meniall Ser- 
vant and by these presents doth voluntary and of her 
own free will and accord bind herself as a Mcniall Ser- 
vant unto John Delemont of the Citty of Albany, weav- 
er, by and with the consent of the Deacons of the Re- 
formed Dutch Church in the Citty of Albany aforesaid 
who are as overseers in the disposal of the said Aulkey 
Hubertse, to serve from the date of these present Inden- 
tures unto the full end and term of time that the said 
Aulkey Hubertse shall come to Age, all which time fully 
to be compleat and ended, during all which term the said 
servant her said Master faithfullv shall serve, his se- 
crets keep, his lawful commandsgladly everywhere obey, 
she shall do no Damage to her said Master nor see it to 



Dutch Church Papers. 235 

be don by others without letting or giving notice thereof 
to her said Master; she shall not wast her Masters goods 
or lend them unlawfully to any; she shall not commit 
fornication; at Cards, Dice or any other unlawful Game 
she shall not play, whereby her said Master may have 
Damage; with her own goods or the goods of others 
during the said Term, without Licence from her said 
Master, she shall neither buy nor sell; she shall not ab- 
sent herself day or night from her Master's service with- 
out his leave, nor haunt Ale-houses, Taverns or Play- 
houses, but in all things as a faithful servant, she shall 
behave herself towards her said Master and all his du- 
ring the said Term. And the said Master during the 
said Term shall find and provide sufficient wholesome 
and compleatmeat and drink, washing, lodging and ap- 
parcll and all other Nccessarys fit for such a servant; 
and il is further agreed between the said Master and 
Servant that in case the said Servant Aulkey Hubertse 
should contract Matrimony before she shall come to age, 
then the said Servant is to be free from her said Mas- 
ter's service by virtue hereof, and at the expiration "^of 
her said servitude, her said Master John Delemont shall 
find, provide for and deliver unto his said servant double 
apparell, that is to sa}', apparcll fit for to have and. to 
wear as well on the Lord's Day as working days both 
linnlng and woollen stockings and shoes and other Neo- 
essarys meet for such a Servant to have and to wear, and 
for the true performance of all and ever"y of said Cov- 
enants and Agreements the said parties bind themselves 
unto the other by these presents. In witr.ess whereof 
they have hereunto set their hands and seals this 10th 
day of May in the nineth year of the Reign of our Sov- 
ereign Lady Anno by the Grace of God, over Great 
Brittain, France and Ireland Queen, defender of the 
faith, etc. Anno Dommini 1710. . 

Jon Delemont. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of An- 
tho. Brat, Theunis Brat, Jona. Rumney. 

It is further agreed between the said parties that the 



236 Dutch Church Papers, 

said Master shall before the expiration of the said Term 
teach or cause to be taught to read. This don before 
sealing and delivering. 

No. 5. 

BEQUKST TO THE POOR. 

Know all men by these presents, that I Marietie 
Tymissen, widow of Cornelius Tymissen of Kwistag- 
ewene in the county of Albany, in the province of Nvw 
York, having a particular affection and love, which I 
feel within myself, for the poor and indigent members of 
the Reformed Dutch Church in Albany, in the before 
mentioned province, have given and assigned, and do by 
these presents give and assign to the Consistory of the be- 
fore mentioned church, the sum of twenty pounds current 
money of the before said province, in behalf of the in* 
digent members of the before mentioned church, to be 
paid to the aforesaid Consistory, for the time being, six 
weeks after ray death by my heirs, executors or admin- 
istrators without any delay or contradiction whatever, 
and that this may be observed and adhered to, I oblige 
my heirs, executors and administrators and every 
one who is walking in the way of truth; therefore 
I have signed and sealed this at Albany, Jan. 24th Anno 
17 12-13. 

Mark 

Marietie q Tymissen. 

of 

Signed and sealed in presence of us, Evert Bancker, 
Rutger Bleecker. 

No. 6. 

LETTER PROM THE CONSISTORY AT ALBANY TO SCHENEC- 
TADY IN RELATION TO DISTRIBUTING FOOD TO THE PAL- 
ATINES. 

Albany, July 7, 1713. 

The consistory of the Dutch church of New York 
having again sent to us the quantity of 80 bushels corn, 
50 pieces of smoked pork (rookspeck), weighing about 
500 lbs. and 100 lbs. bread to be distributed among the 



Dutch Church Papers. 237 

Palatines of Schoharie, you are hereby kindly requested 
to send thither by the first opportunity 5 wagons to bring 
the said victuals to Schenectady and have it there stored 
away. Please bring also as many bags as will hold the 
corn, and be sokind as to buy flour to the amount of £6. 
We also entreat you to summon all the said Palatines at 
your place a week after to-morrow being Wednesday 
the 15th instant, that they may be early in the morning 
at your place, when God willing the domine and some 
of the consistory intend to be at your place to distribute 
with you the said victuals. 
Respectfully yours. 

Per order of the Consistory of Albany. 

No. 7. 

BORROW FROM THE POOR FUND TO REBUILD CHURCH. 

Enow all men by these presents that we the subscri- 
bers, elders of the Reformed Dutch church of Albany, in 
consideration of the sum of one hundred pounds cur- 
rent money of New York received of Mess. Hend'k Ten 
Eyck and Jacob Lansingh, deacons of the aforesaid 
churdi, being money collected for the poor, which sum 
we borrow to pay the arrears of the debt for rebuilding 
the said church, we therefore promise to pay out of the 
income of the church pasture to the said Hendrick Ten 
Eyck and Jacob Lansingh or their successors in the 
year seventeen hundred seventeen the sura of fifty pounds, 
and the other fifty pounds in the year seventeen hundred 
and eighteen. 

In consideration of this we bind ourselves and succes- 
sors. Witness our hand Albany Dec. 28th, Anno 1716. 

Peter Van Brugh. 
RoBT. Livingston, Jr, 

In presence of Albert Ryckman, Jonas Douw, 

Albany in the year seventeen hundred seventeen re- 
ceived on the within, the sum of fifty pounds current 
money. John Van Vechten. 

Beyer Gerritse. 

[Annah vii.] 21 . 



23d JDiifch Church Papers. 

Albany, Dec. 30th, 1718. 
Received of Mess. Evert Bancker and Johannes 
Bleecker on the within bond the sum of thirty-eight 
pounds fourteen shillings and sixpence. 

Harm. Wendell. 
KoENRADT Ten EycK. 

No. 8. 

BORROW FROM I'OOR FUND TO REBUILD DOMINE'S HOUSE. 

Enow all men by these present that we the undersigned 
elders of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, in con- 
sideration of the sum of one hundred forty-eight pounds 
one shilling and fourpence current money of New York 
received from Mess. Myndert Roseboom and Dirck Ten 
Broeck, deacons of the aforesaid church, being the mon- 
ey collected for the poor, which sum we borrow to pay 
the expenses of rebuilding the house of our minister; 
we therefore promise to pay the said sum in three years 
out of the income of the church pasture to the said 
Myndert Roseboom and Dirck Ten Broeck or their suc- 
cessors and we also bind thereto our successors. 
Witness our hand Albany this 9th October Anno 1721. 

Hendr. Van Rensselaer. 
WiLLEM Van Deusen. 
' In presence of Abraham Cuyler, Anthony Coster. 

No. 9. 

petition of johani^es boom. 

Albany, April Sth, 1739. 
To the respectable Gentlemen, the Consistory of the 
true Christian reformed religion, now assembled in 
the Dutch church at Albany. The humble petition 
of Johannes Boom. 

Set forth his misfortune. 

As it has pleased God to set him a father of a wife 
and six children, and it being hard for him to make a 
living, the principal support to provide for his family 
being a milk cow, which died yesterday, your petitioner 






Dutch Church Papers. 239 

is at a loss what to do to provide for his wife and chil- 
dren ; for he is a new beginner. 

For this reason I take the liberty to keep my family, 
and pray you to have the kindness to advance me so 
much money as will enable me to buy another milk cow ; 
and I will honestly pay you over the same, when God 
Almighty might bless me. This is the humble prayer 
of him who prays that God may bless the reformed re- 
ligion and churches, and that you the present Consis- 
tory take my petition in favorable consideration and 
grant the same. 

I am your humble servant who prays God may bless 

you and prolong your life. 

His 

' Johannes IB Boom. 

mark. 

No. 10. 
borrow from poor fund to pay expenses of minister. 

Know all men by these presents that we the subscri- 
bers, elders of the Reformed Dutch church of Albany, in 
consideration of the sum of one hundred and sixty- five 
pounds current money of New York, received from Mess. 
Volckert Douw and William Winne, deacons of the said 
church being money collected for the poor, which sum of 
money has been borrowed by us to pay the debts which 
said church has made in calling and having brought over 
our Rev. Minister Eilardus Westerlo. Therefore we 
promise to pay annually to the deacons, who have charge 
of the money chest for the poor, (de armen kist) the bal- 
ance of the income of the church pasture as soon as there 
i9 any, 

Jn consideration whereof we bind ourselves and suc- 
cessors. Witness our hands, Albany this 10th day of Nov. 
1760. 

GeriCit Van Den Bergh. 
Jacob Q, Ten Evck, 

Witness, John Douw, 



(240) 



ALBANY MECHANICS' SOCIETY. 

BT E. W. S. 



Although this society closed up its business a quarter 
of a centurj ago, the. position it held and the influence 
it exerted upon society during an important period in 
the history of the city, entitles it to a place upon the 
record of our institutions. 

On the 10th of January, 1793, upwards of one hun- 
dred and fifty mechanics met for the purpose of forming 
a society. A committee of one fi om each trade was 
appointed to prepare a constitution, which was adopted 
on the 1 1th February following, under the title of the 
Albany Mechanics' Society. It was composed of the 
principal mechanics of Albany and its vicinity, **for the 
laudable purpose of 'protecting and supporting such of 
their brethren as by sickness or accident may stand in 
need of assistance, and of relieving the widows and 
orphans of those who may die in indigent circumstances, 
and also of providing the means of instruction for their 
children. The first ofiicers elected were: 

John W. Wendell, president. 

Charles R. Webster, 1st vice president. 

Bernardus Evertsen, 2d vice president. 

Isaac Hut ton, treasurer. * 

John Barber, secretary. 

At the January election, 1796, Charles R. Webster 
was elected president. In 1797 the following officers 
were elected: 

President — Jacob Wright. 
Ist Vice President — Casparus Hewson. 
2d Vice President — Thomas S. Webb, 
Treasurer — Isaac Hutton. 
Secretary — ^John Barber. 



Albany Mechanics^ Society. 241 

Trustees — John W. Wendell, Isaac Hutton, Charles R. 
Webster, John I. Van Alen, James Hodge, Thomas S. 
Webb, John Mascraft, Elisha Dorr, Caspanis Hewson, 
Jacob Wright, John Barber, John Easton, John Randall, 
James Linacre, James Kinnear. 

The Society was incorporated by the legislature of* 
New York, March 6. 1801; afid was dissolved by like 
act, November 25, 1824. The object of this association 
is briefly set forth in the preamble of the act of incorpo* 
ration, and is as follows: 

*• Whereas Bernardtis Evertsen and others. Mechanics 
and Tradesmen of the city of Albany and its vicinity, asso- 
ciated as a society, for the laudable purpose of protecting 
and supporting such of their brethren as by sickness or 
accident may stand in need of assistance^ and of relieving 
the widows and orphans of those who may die in indi- 
gent circumstances; and also of providing the means of 
instruction for their children, by their petition presented 
to the legislature have prayed to be incorporated to ena- 
ble them more beneflcialiy to carry into effect their char- 
itable intentions: Therefore," &c. 

The officers declared under the act, were as follows: 

Charles R. Webster, president; James Hodge, first 
vice president; Philip Hooker, second vice president; 
Isaac Hutton, treasurer; John W. Fryer, secretary. 

Mr. Webster was elected president as early as 1799, 
and was annually reelected to that office, from this date 
to the final dissolution of the society. 

Mr. HuUon was continued treasurer by annual elec- 
tion, from the commencement of the society to about the 
year 1808; and on his resignation was succeeded by Wil- 
liam M'Harg, who continued in office to the dissolution 
of the society, 

John Barber continued in office, as secretary, to the 
act of incorporation, and was succeeded by John W. 
Fryer, named in the act. He held the office to 1808, 
when he was succeeded by Elisha W. Skinner, who was 
continued to the final dissolution of the society. 

The society as incorporated, consisted of sixty-four 



243 Albany MecJianies* Socieiy. 

members — comprising at the^ime the prominent leading 
mechanics and tradesmen of this city; to which were 
subsequently added many others, and swelling the 'aggre- 
gate number of its members to one hundred and fifty. 
The general register, to which this sketch is attached, 
and deposited in the State Library, will show the original 
signatures of the members, with their professional occu- 
pations. 

The proceedibgs of the board of trust, appointed by 
the act of the legislature, dissolving the society,, are also 
deposited in the State Library. The trustees named in 
the act to dissolve the corporation of the society, and 
to whom the real and personal estate is vested, for the 
purposes set forth in the act aforenamed, are John Meads, 
John Bryan, Henry Newman, Abraham F. Lansing, Ben- 
jamin Van Benthuysen, Teunis Slingerland, Charles R. 
Webster, John Hermans, Joseph Russell, Benjamin D. 
Packard, Levi Steele, Robert Boyd, John Buckbee, Eli- 
jah Brainard, David Pruyn, John Goodrich, Eljah Hos- 
ford. Elisha W. Skinner, Arthur Hotchkiss and Moses 
Kenyon. 

The committee made report of their investigations and 
of the sale of the real and personal estate of the Society; 
and that a dividend of sixty three cents on each dollar 
of the contributions, individually made to the Society, 
will, in their opinion, be in accordance with the letter 
and spirit of the law under which they have been ap- 
pointed to act. 

The board of trustees adopted the report of the com- 
mittee, and resolved ** that a dividend of sixty-three 
cents on each dollar of said contributions be and is hereby 
deelared, and made payable from and after the 1st day 
of June, 1826." 

The Board further reported, that Mr. John Meads, the 
chairman of the committee, be and he is hereby appoint- 
ed to pay out the dividends, as above specially authorized 
and directed, for the space of six months ; and that he 
give bonds to this board for the faithful discharge of his 
duty. 



Albang Mechanics* Society. 



34 3 



In thus closing this imp^fect sketch of the rise, pro- 
gress and termination of this long established society, it 
is due to it to say, that to its untiring efforts in the 
' cause of education and good morals — in the establish- 
ment of schools and the erection of school houses^and 
in elevating the grade of education in this city, its design 
has been faithfully fulfilled; and has left for it the cher- 
ished recollection as among the pioneers and promoters of 
sound learning and good morals in the history of Albany 
in the present centuiy. 

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF MEMBERS, WHOSE NAMES ARE 
SIGNED TO THE GENERAL REGISTER. 



Henry Abel, 
Gilbert Akerman, 
Richard Ailansou, 
John Barber, 
James Barclay, 
Thomas Barker, 
N. B. Bassett, 
Jacob Best, 
Ebenezer Belts, 
Isaac Betticher, . 
John Boardman, 
Robert Boyd, 
William Boyd, 
Charter Boynton, 
Elijah Brainard, 
Timothy Brigden, 
Anthony Brooks, 
John Bryan, 
Nathaniel Bunnel, 
Samuel T Burrows, 
John Buckbee, 
Thomas Campbell, 
Robert Carlisle, 
Henry Carpenter, 
Thomas Carson, 
James Chesney, 
James Clark, 
James Davis, 
William M. Diamond, 
Elisha Dorr, 
John Doty, 
James Dnnlap, 



John Dur.8, 
Richard Duncan, 
Waller Easion, 
William Easton, 
John. Epes, 
William Fowler, 
John C. Fredenrich, 
John W. Fryer, 
William Fryer, 
John Fryer 
Peter Furlong, 
Garrit De Garmo, 
William Giles, 
James Gibbons, 
John Goodrich, 
James Gourlay, 
David I. Groesbeek, 
John I. Groesbeck, 
John Grant, 
John Guest, jun., 
Green Hall, 
Thomas Harman, jun., 
John Heerrnans, 
Casparus Hewson, 
Charles Hill, 
Andrew Hoffman, 
Ephraim Ho^^ard, 
Elisha Hosford, 
Elijah Hosford, 
James Hodge, 
Arthur Hotchkiss, 
Lucas I. Hcoghkirk, 



244 



Albany M$chanics* Society. 



Philip Hooker, 
Ephraim Howard, 
Silas W. Howell, 
Isaac Hutton, ' 
George Hutton, 
Robert Hurst, 
James Hunter, 
John Hinckley, 
Nathaniel Judson, 
IVloses Kenyon, 
George Klinck, 
Benjamin Knower, 
Myndert Lansing, 
Abm. K. Lansing, 
Edward Le Breton, 
James Linacre, 
James Lloyd, 
Isaac Lucas, 
D. M'Donald, 
William M'Harg, 
John M'Chesney, 
John Mascraft, 
John Meads, 
Jacob Miers, 
Daniel Morrel, 
David MulhoUand, 
David Osborn, 
Gowin Patterson, 
Isaac Packard, 
Benj. D. Packard, 
Robert Packard, 
David Peck, 
Ebeiiezer Piatt, 
Giles W. Porter, 
Ira Porter, 
Jesse Potts, 
David Pruyn, 
Elisha Putnam, 
William Randall 
John Randall,. 
James Rodgers, 
Robert Rotlery, 



Caleb Russell, 

David Russell, jr , 

Thomas Russell, 

Joseph Russell, 

Joseph Russel (Market at.)) 

John Rnssel, 

Wilhs. G. Ryckman, 

John Scovilie, 

Thomas Scott, 

James Scryoiser, 

James Selle, 

Thomas Shepherd, 

Elisha W. ISk inner, 

Tunis Slingerland, 

^benezer Smith, 

John Smith, 

Daniel Steele, 

Levi Steele, 

John Stilwell, 

Wm. Slilwell, 

Spencer Stafford, 

Thomas W. Stanton, 

Ziba Swan, 

John Todd, 

Thomas Thompson, 

Amos Thayer, 

John Turner, 

Jacob Van Ness, 

Jer, Van Rensselaer, 

Henry B. Van Benthuisen, 

Benj. Van Benthuisen, 

James P. Van Benthuisen, 

Jacob Van Duersen, 

Austin Warner, 

Joseph War ford, 

Charles R Webster, 

George Webster, 

William W Williams, 

William B. Winne, 

Daniel I. Winne, 

James Young, 

William Young, 



i 



(245) 



THE FERRY CONTROVERSY. 



Benjamin Aiken and James Schuyler against thb 
Western Railroad Corporation. 

J. J. Werner for Plflfs, C. B. Cochrane for Deft. 

The controversy in this cause was submitted at the Gen- 
eral Term of the Supreme Court, Judges Harris, Gould 
and Watson presiding, on the 14th May, 1856, without 
action under section 372 of the code. The following is 
an analysis of the statement of facts agreed upon. That 
on the first day of October, 1852, the corporation of the 
city of Albany entered into an agreement with the plain- 
tiffs by which the said corporation of Albany granted to 
said plaintiffs '*ali and singular, *the sole and exclusive 
right, license, privilege and franchise of ferrying on each 
side of the Hudson river, leading from Greenbush oppo- 
site the east bounds of the four original wards of said 
city, to the said city, and from the said original four 
wards of said city to Greenbush, excepting and reserv* 
ing however, any right of ferriage heretofore granted, 
or which may hereafter be granted by the said parties of 
the first jpart to any railroad company, whose road is or 
may be terminated or constructed along the east shore of 
the Hudson river, opposite said original wards, which 
said rights shall not be extended beyond the passengers, 
freight agents and servants carried or to be carried upon 
said roads, or in the service of said company." 

The said lease also provided that the said plaintiffs 
"shall provide and furnish at their own expense, two 
good, substantial and suitable skiffs or yawl boats, and 
keep the same constantly plying from the foot of Maiden 
lane in said city across said river, for the carriage of 



246 The Ferry C&ntroverey. 

foot passengers both day and night during said term, and 
when not prevented by ice." 

That the railroad of defendants terminates at a point 
on the eastern shore of the Hudson riyer, in said town 
of Greenbush opposite the four original wards x)f the city 
of Albany, and is authorized by several acts of the legis- 
islature. 

That the defendants made an agreement with the May- 
or. &c , of Albany, in 1840, in which the following pro- 
vision is made. ** And the said party of the first part 
(the Mayor, &c.) further agree that no charge shall be 
made to the said party (the defendants) for the right, at 
their own expense, to carry across the Hudson river at 
Albany thej)assengers and freight, to be transported on 
said road, or the officers, agents and servants of said par- 
ty of the third part (the defendants, &c.) 

That the said defendants. are in the habit and practice 
of carrying across said river, on their said ferry boats, 
other persons, teams and carriages, than such as are 
specified and mentioned in the agreement last aforesaid, 
free of any charge therefor, and which would necessarily 
cross said river by means of the plaintiff's ferries, but for 
such carriage by the defendants. 

The right and privilege granted to the city of Albany, 
and on which the plaintiff *s claim is primarily founded, 
was granted by Thomas Dongan, 

That at the time of the grant of the ferry by Governor 
Dongan, there was but one ferry used at Albany, and 
this is the same now used by the plaintiffs at the foot of 
Ferry street in the said city. 

The ferry maintained by the defendants is exclusive* 
ly a ferry for railroad purposes. No passengers, teams 
or carriages, or other than those connected with the de- 
fendants' railroad, are solicited to cross said river on 
their said ferry boats, and no ferriage is charged or col* 
lected of any body, but the said defendants do in fact 
carry ac ross said river on their said ferry boats other 
persons, passengers, teams and carriages than suph as they 
are privj leged to carry as aforesaid. 

That the ferr^ boats used by defendants sail under a 



The Ferry Controverst/. 247 

coasting license, authorized by act of Congress, relating 
to the coasting trade. 

Upon this statement of facts the plaintiffs demand 
judgment, that the said defendants account to them for 
such loss and damage, and that they be restrained from 
further violation of the aforesaid rights, privileges and 
franchises of the said plaintiffs. 

PLAINTIFF'S POINTS. 

The plaintiffs rest their claims of right: 

On the right and power of James II, to make the char- 
ter of the city of Albany known as the Dongan charter. 

On the true interpretation and meaning of the charter 
thus granted. 

On the rights reserved by the several constitutions of 
this state.. 

On the rights reserved by an act entitled "Of the regu- 
lation of ferries." 

On legislative construction as to the meaning and ex- 
tent of the ferry grant contained in the charter. 

On the contract made between the plaintiffs and the 
city of Albany, a portion of which is contained in the 
case. 

None 'of the acts creating the defendants, or the act 
amending the same, confer on or concede to the said com- 
pany any right of ferry. 

The agreement of defendants with the corporation of 
Albany, contains no grant of rights to the defendants, 
inconsistent with the plaintiffs' claim. The defendants 
are restricted, in express terms, to the carriage of their 
passengers, &c. 

The defendants can acquire no rights inconsistent with 
those of the plaintiffs, under their coasting license. A 
coasting license confers no rights of ferry. 

The defendants have no naturalrights. They exist by 
the statute alone, and can exercise no functions that are 
not expressly conferred. Consequently, they have not 
even the right of self ferry that an individual might 
have. 



248 The Ferry CanirovBrsy. 

DEFENDANT'S POINTS. 

The plaintiffs have not (as claimed by them) the sole 
and exclimve right of ferry across the Hudson river op- 
posite the original four wards of the city of Albany. 
That they have the exclusive right to ferry now operated 
by them at the foot of Ferry street is denied. 

The city charter granted by Governor Dongan in 1686 
after reciting among other things that a ferry had been 
established by the inhabitants of the town of Albany, 
grants and confirms the same to said inhabitants by the 
name, &c., with power to establish other ferries leading 
to the city, needful and convenient for the inhabitants 
of said city and parts adjacent. But the right in terms is 
not exclusive. 

Grants of exclusive privileges being in derogation of 
public rights belonging to the state or the people at large, 
and calculated to impair the efficiency of the govern- 
ment in its power to afford facilities to progress and im- 
provement, must be construed strictly — nothing can be 
taken by implication. 

The franchise granted to the defendants by the act of 
1840 to the extent claimed and exercised by them, is not 
an interference with the rights of the plaintiffs for which 
an action can be maintained. 

The cases above cited are authorities to show: 

That an act of the legislature conferringthe franchise 
of ferry or toU-bridge at a given place, and guarding 
such franchise by prohibiting, under penalties, all other 
persons from prosecuting the same business at or in the 
neighborhood of the same place, does not restrict the 
power of a future legislature to establish a toll or free 
bridge at the same locality. ' 

That the exercise of said power does not impair the 
obligation of any contract with the owner of the prior 
franchise within the meaning of any constitutional pro* 
hibition, state or national. 

That a franchise to a railroad company to cross with 
its line of road a public river, by means of bridge or 
ferry boats, is not the same as that of the old or com- 



The Perry Controversy. 249 

mon ferry, nor so similar as to be deemed an interfer- 
ence with the latter. 

The new railway and toll-bridge authorized by a late 
act to be constructed across the Hudson at Albany, will 
doubtless diminish the business and gains of the plain- 
tiffs' ferry, but the power of the legislature to make the 
grant as against Gov. Dongan's charter or these plain- 
tiffs will hardly be questioned. The changed circum- 
stances and necessities of another age, and the demands 
of an increased and almost incalculable commerce re- 
quire new channels of communication and improved 
ways of outlet and transport, attainable only by the aid 
of the legislature. It will not be presumed that th^ 
legislature has or ever intended to surrender a poijrer so 
necessary to the public good. 

Persons come upon the defendants' boats, some going 
a greater and some a less distance vpo^ the road, and it 
can not be required of the "defendantsi that they should 
station a police of espionage upon their boats to ascer- 
tain the destination of the passenger^ on board. Such 
a requirement would be impractica,bl^. 

The injury, if any, siustained by the plaintiffs, is 
^annnum absc^ue injuria. 



[AnnaU, vii.] 22 



(S5o;) 



FIEST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 



In the earl/ 
partoftheyear 
18A0, an asso- 
ciation of gen- 
tlemen connec- 
ted withdifftr- 
ent congrega- 
tions in the ci- 
ty, purchased 
the house of 
worship then 

ed by the First 
Pre sbyttrian 
Church, with a 
view to the es-" 
tablishment of 
anew religious 
society.togeth- 

church of the 
failh and order 
of the Pilgrim 
fathers of New 
England. This 
r-'.ouM.jifLi, atep u as taken 
from a conviction that there was need of another church, 
and it 'was hoped that one which was Congregational in 
its form, while it would meet the wishes and the sympa- 
thies of nnmerous families of New England origin, already 
in the city or removing into it from time to time, might 
also have a happy influence, as a new religious element 
in the general system of instrumenta titles, already estab- 
lished in the city, for the advancement of the cause of 



First Congrigationdl Church. 251 

Christ. The house thus secured was opened on the first 
sabbath in April, 1850, and the services were conducted 
by the Rev. Leonard Bacon, D. D., of West Haven, Conn. 
From this time the house was filled with a large and at- 
tentive audience. 

On the tenth of the July following, eighty-one persons 
(forty-seven of whom weVe from the First Presbyterian 
church,) dismissed by letter from other communions, were 
duly organized by an ecclesiastical council assembled for 
the purpose, as the First Congregational Church in Al- 
bany. 

The pulpit during the summer and fall was occupied 
by some of the most distinguished clergymen from New 
York and New England. The society was organized in 
June of the same year, and in the course of the succeed- 
ing autumn, the church and congregation with great 
unanimity invited the Rev. Ray Palmer, then minister of 
the Third Congregational Church in Bath, Me., to be- 
come their pastor. The call was accepted, and on the 
lOth of December Mr. Palmar was installed by council, 
with the usual services. The organization of this new 
enterprise was thus completed; and those who had en- 
listed in it, with a desire to do something for the promo- 
tion of spiritual religion among the growing population 
of the city, had the satisfaction of seeing their place of 
worship occupied, almost at once, by a large and i;^gular 
congregation, and of believing, from many indications, 
ths^ God was pleased to smile on their humble efforts to 
do good. 

The society, after the organization, received from the 
association of gentlemen, the title to the church^ proper- 
ty, and assumed the obligations which had been entered 
into for the payment of the same. A portion of the mo- 
ney necessary for the purpose was raised by collections 
and subscriptions, and the building was mortgaged for 
ten thousand dollars to secure the remainder. To meet 
and pay the mortgage when it became due, a subscrip- 
tion was immediately made, payable in four annual 
installments^ the last of which, paid during the month 



252 First Congn gat tonal Church. 

of May, 1866, freed the church and society from all 
incumbrance. Immediately after paying the debt of the 
church, the congregation determined to purchase an organ* 
For this purpose more than four thousand dollars has 
been subscribed ; the building has been prepared for its 
reception, and by the first of December, the instrument 
will, no doubt, be inserted in its place. Although the 
immediate necessary expenses of the enterprise have 
been great for so new a church and congregation, yet they 
have not neglected the various benevolent objects for the 
spread of the cause of Christ, in other places and other 
lands. All or nearly all the great benevolent societies 
have received from them an annual collection; and the 
amount raised to promote the cause of Christ abroad, in 
connection with the varied sums paid for the building, 
for repairs, and the annual expenses, during the first six 
years, amount to upwards of fifty-two thousand dollars; 
add to this the four thousand dollars raised for the organ, 
and the sum amounts to over fifry-six thousand dollars; 
no inconsiderable sum for so new an undertaking. The 
pews are owned by the society, and the sittings annually 
rented to the occupants. By this arrangement the rents 
have been so graduated, that the income from the pews, 
let during^ the first six years, has been just about sufficient 
to cover the ordinary expenses. The obligations assum- 
ed by the society have all been paid; and the congrega- 
tion, now one of the largest in the city, find themselves 
the owners of a fine building, in one of the most eligible 
situations in the city; entirely free from debt, and with a 
fine prospect of usefulness before them. 

The church (organized as above stated by eighty one 
persons) has continued to increase by additions at every 
communion save one since it was formed, and now (Aug. 
1856) numbers two hundred and eleven individuals. The 
whole number received into the fellowship of the church 
is two hundred and fifty- five; and of this number thirty- 
six have been dismissed by letter, to other churches, and 
eight have been removed by death. 

The officers of the church are the Pastor, Clerk, 



First Congregational Church* 



25S 



Treasurer, six Deacons and six Examining Committee, 
Two deacons and two of the examining committee .are 
elected each year, and hold their offices for the period of 
three years. 

litie first officers, and the original members are as fol- 
lows : 

Rev. R\Y Palmer, D. D., Pastor, 

Thomas Tr-: AD WELL, Clerk, 

Anthony Gould, Treasurer, 

Thomas Boyd, Anthony Gould, Andrew Lightbody, 
Henry S. McCall, William B. Treadwell, C. P. Wil- 
liams, Deacons. 

Abram Covert, Anthony Gould, James McNaughton, 
E. WrcKKS, Jr., C. P. Williams, B. R. Wood, Examin^ 
ing Committee, 



original 
James McNanghton, 
Caroline McNaughton, 
Archibald Campbell, 
Joseph Fry, 
Ann Fry, 
Andrew Lightbody, 
Mary Lightbody, 
Thomas Boyd, 
Julia M. Boyd, 
Maria L. Boyd, 
William McHench, 
Margaret McHench, 
Margaret A. McHench, 
Euphemia B. McHench, 
James Burton, 
Margaret I. Burton, 
Elizabeth Hill, 
Eliza C. Campbell, 
Caroline Savage, 
Jno. C. Kennedy, 
Maria Walker, 
Hannah Bush, 
AnnaM. Goodrich, 



members. 
Isaac Edwards, 
Phebe Mvgatt, . 
William B. Treadwell. 
William Gould, 
Sarah M. Gould, 
Anthony Gould, 
Martha I. Gould, 
Abram Covert, 
Helen Knapp, 
Eliphalet Wickes, Jr., 
Chauncey P. Williams, 
Martha H. Williams, 
Sarah McDonald, 
Mary B. B rower, 
Harriet D. Brower, 
Elias Vanderlip, 
Margaret A. Vanderlip, 
John A. Payne. 
Rachel Webster, 
Hugh Dickson, 
Caroline Mitchell, 
Rosanna Visscher, 
LydiaA. Visscher, 



254 



Pird Congregational Church. 



Mary Steele, 
Mary McSiurdy, 
James Blackall, 
Sarah Blackall, 
John Cuyler, 
Maria Cuyler, 
Sarah Knapp, 
Charles E. Burton, 
Jane F. Burton, 
Daniel Cameron, 
Maria Cameron, 
Isabella Holmes, 
Frederick W. White, 
Elizabeth White, 
Mary Austin, 
Elizabeth W. Austin, 
Joseph Cook, 
Bradford R. Wood, 



Eliza Wood, 
Amanda Payne, 
Horace M. Payne, 
William P. Homer, 
Luce Homer, 
Benjamin I. Owens, 
Mary Ann Owrens, 
Lucia M. Gregory, 
Edward Norton, 
Amanda Mallory, 
Herman H. Hinman, 
Uriah G. Bie^elow, 
Austin S. Kibbee, 
Samuel W. Larcher, 
Frances R. Larcher, 
Jacob L Werner, 
E. W. Angus Esmay. 



DEACONS SINCE ELECTED. 

In 1851, Abram Covert, John Vosburgb. 
In 1852, H. S. McCall, John G. TreadwelK 
In 1853, Lorenzo Antes, William Gould. 
In 1854, Aaron Conklin, C. P. Williams. 
In 1855, Jamin Hamilton, Henry Tread well. 
In 1856, Anthony (Sould, John Vosburgh. 

CLERK ELECTED IN 1853. 

Henry TVeadwelL 



(255) 



THE STUEGEON TRADE. 



Albany, as a city, has many peculiarities, but we do 
not think it stands alone in this respect. We will not 
stop to discuss this question, but merely call to mind 
the fact that among the many epithets bestowed upon 
her and her citizens, is one of which she may justly be 
proud, when spoken of as a multitudinous peculiarity 
with respect to the latter. We refer to the epithet some- 
times applied to our citizens while in other localities, 
as having emigrated from Sturgeondom^ or as being Stur* 
geanites^ that they have been brought up on Albany 
beef, &c. 

Now it is of this Albany beef that we purpose to speak, 
in detail, so that outsiders, those "not to the manor 
born," can, if they choose, enlighten themselves some- 
what with regard to this luxury, with which the people 
residing on the banks of the Hudson, do regale them- 
selves from year to year. 

In looking over the Natural History of this great 
state, we find there recorded as a fact, that there are 
distinct and separate kinds of sturgeon, viz: one called 
the lake sturgeon, which measures from two to four 
feet, and is found in the waters of Lakes Ontario and 
Erie, as well as in all the upper lakes; and the other, 
the sharp-nosed sturgeon which is mostly found in the 
waters pf the Hudson, though some of the species are 
occasionally caught as far east as Maine. 

The sharp- nosed stui^eon, as caught in the Hudson, 
is from four to eight feet in length and varies in weight 
from 100 to 450 pounds. We believe the largest ever 
seen in Albany was caught some five years ago and 
weighed 486 pounds. 



256 Th€ Sturgem Trade. 

But our object in writing this article was and is sim- 
ply to show how much Albany is annually benefited by 
the catch and sale of this fish, and to show that the 
people of a city can stand a little ridicule on a subject 
that brings money to their purse. 

The catch usually commences about the middle of i 

April, and continues until nearly the first of September. j 

They are caught at most of the fishing stations from ' 

Troy to New York bay, but the localities that yield the 
greatest number are Hyde Park, and Low Point, a little 
below Newburgh, on the opposite side. The number dis- 
posed of in Albany and vicinity, daily, say from April 
]5th to June 1st, is about 20. From that time to the 
middle of August, the number disposed of in the city and 
vicinity will average 150 weekly, say during the whole 
season 2,500. These, at an average weight of 250 lbs. 
gross, will amount to 625,000 lbs. gross. Allow that 
one half of this weight is offal, and you have 312,500 
lbs., which retails on an average at 6 cents per pound, 
which makes the total amount realized $18,750. 

This is not all. There is yearly extracted from the 
ofFal of these fish, oil to the amount of nearlv 100 bar- 
rels. At Newburgh, last year, the fishermen extracted 
the amount of 5i)0 barrels. It is as good as any sperm 
oil for the purposes of light, and is highly esteemed by 
many as a curative agent for cuts, bruises, &c. This 
oil sells by the barrel for $1.25 per gallon. Thus, it 
will be perceived, that the sturgeon yields to those en» 
gaged in the trade and belonging to this city, at least 
$20,000 annually, of which over $12,000 is clear profit. 

Mr. Simmoiis, of Centre Market, probably disposes of 
as many of these fish in a season, as any retail dealer, 
and next on the list comes Mr. Sawyer, of the same 
market. 

We acknowledge our indebtedness to J. Maloy, Esq., 
for most of the above statistics. — Newspaper, 



(257) 



NEW YORK COLONIAL MANUSCRIPTS. 

Copied from Documents relating to the Colonial History of th» 
btate of New York, vol. iii 



COL. NICHOLLS'S INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COMMISSARIES. 

1666. 

[New York Papers, I. 35.] 

Messieurs*. Yours of the 12th Currant is receiu'd, the 
particulars whereof are taken intd consideration, to the 
first point I hope jou will hare no cause to be jealous 
that the Souldiers should disturbe the Trade with the 
Indyans, but your memory does faile you of what past 
the lastyeare for I was prsesent and you cannot but know 
that all the trading was done and the whole Troopes 
marcht away before that two or three guns from the 
Indyans which were immediately restored. You need 
not to doubt of Capt. Bakers care to obserue my orders 
for the freedom of the Trade &c and I wish you would 
do the like amongst the Burgers to the second. 

I am and euer was of opinion that every inhabitant 
ought to exercise his trade without molestation and 
whereas you are appointed to make such orders as con- 
duce to^the benefitt of the Inhabitants, it depends upon 
you to regulate the number of Bakers witiiout excluding 
such as are already priviledgt, and yet it is worthy your 
consideration to direct that all Bakers so priviledgt by 
you should be constant Bakqrs, for the supply of the 
Towne in the winter as well as for the Trade in the 
summer, so that I referre the Request of Gerret Lan- 
sinbk and Jan Jansen Vanderkell back to your discre- 
tions. 
To the 3d 

I perceiue you haue demurred the execution of my 
order against Cobus the Loper till he gaue you a particu- 
lar new occasion, I expect your more ready complyance 



258 New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

with my directions and that you doe not over much relye 
upon your own sense and Judgments hereafter, except in 
cases wholly left to yourselues. 
To the 4th 

Euery souldier ought to haue a blanket and som bad 
bedding, for I cause them to be delivered -for their use 
but if any had imbezeld their accommodations it is a 
kind of action of any Burger to help their necessities and 
I hope no such great burden as to become a grieuance 
of the Inhabitants howeuer your Intelligence from N. 
Torke is mistaken for their are no soldiers-quartered and 
accommodated in the Towne; besides that the Towne 
paies 200 guilder a weeke to the easing of those upon 
whom souldiers are quartered. I referr you to my last 
by Capt. Abraham in matters relating to the french. 
To the 5th 

I have newly received a letter from Governour Win- 
thropp who giues me hopes that by his and the Magis- 
trates mediation with the Northern Indians, the Peace 
with the Maquais will be facilitated, some Mahicanders 
are at Hertford in consultation with others the Rivers & 
Northern Indians. 

Lastly I must tell you that some priuiledges which I 
gaue you when I was at Albany are either undervalued 
or not understood by yow, for heer is a Burger of this 
Towne who did proffer 50 Schepills of wheat to obtain 
liberty from mee to trade in Sewant and bread this Su- 
mer at Albany. This is all at present from 

Tour affectionate friend 
22th June 
fort James 

COL. NICOLLS TO THE COMMISSARIES OF ALBANY. 

[New Nork Papers, I. 31.1 

Messieurs : Tour of the 26th October is receiued, and 
in answer thereunto Ist I doe confirme the persons nomi- 
nated for this Ensuing Teare to be Comissaries, 
Capt. Abraham Staets Aron Van Curler 

Philip Pieter Schuyler Ricl\ard Renzlaer 



New Yort Colonial Manuscripts. 259 

Thennis Cornells Spitsenbergh, and that Schout Swart 
continue in his Office till further order. I suppose my 
letters to you may by chance be broken up, but not pur- 
posely by Capt. Baker, howeuer since Complaint is made 
I shall prsevent the like in the future. 

In my last letter I sent you full directions for your 
safety in case the french doe attempt to doe you further 
prejudice. In regard tis uncertaine whether the River 
will be open before the Time prsefizt by the Court of As- 
sizes for bringing in your Ground Breifes under a Penal- 
ty in your favour I shall suspend the paenalty exprest for 
the space of one moneth Extraordinary. 

I could wish that all the land -bet weene the Fort and 
Towne lay in Common so that the people who lost their 
houses may be recompenct upon the hill with accommo- 
dation. I know that you only are authorized to give 
billets for the quartering of Souldiers, and none exempt- 
ed where you shall place them, but if you Exempt by 
favour the chiefest men, the comon people will cry out 
against you. I doubt the River will be shortly frozen 
and therefore doe earnestly require and desire you to be 
carefull of the Publick Peace and safety, and that amongst 
yourselues no quarrells or disputes may arise, and to the 
end that English and Dutch may live as brothers keep a 
strict hand upon the authors or reporters of strange 
newes which commonly tends to the dividing of mens 
hearts, and if any Newes happens this winter be it good 
or bad you shall have the truth from me. Thus wishing 
you health and peace I remain e 

Your aff 'te friend, 

R. NiCOLLS. 



COL. NICOLLS TO MR. RENZEILAER. 
[New York Papers, I. 3S.1 

Moneieur Renzelaer: By the date of your letter from 
Renzelaerwicke in Albany October the 25th I perceiue 
that you conclude the Towne of Albany to be part of 
Renzelaer wick; 1 giue you friendly aduice not to grasp 



260 New York Colonial Manmcripts. 

at too much authority, and you may probably obtaine 
the post more to your profitt. I haue lately returnd an* 
swer to His R. Hs his last letters, and doubt not of his 
finall determination of all matters relating to this Juris- 
diction in May next ; if you imagine there is pleasure in 
titles of Government I wish that I could serue your appe- 
tite, for I haue found onely trouble. You seeme to plead 
for a succession to your "brother Baptista as of right be- 
longing to you, I will make answer in a Latine verse 
which in some sort you may apply 

Filius ante diem Patrios inquirit in annos. 

Let there be no Controuersies of this nature betweene 
you and mee who will in all reasonable things serve you. 
Sett your hearth therefore at rest to bee contented with 
the profitt not the jjovernment of a Colony, till we heare 
from His Royal 1 Highness. In my letter to the Comis- 
saries you will find Theunis Cornelius Spitsenburgh con- 
firmed. My service to your wife, your Brother and Mon- 
sieur Curler 

I am. Your aflF'te friend 
-ft- 9ber 1666 R. Nicolls. 



COLONEL NICOLLS TO THE COMMISSARIES AT ALBANY. 

(New England I. 360.] 

Messieurs: Yours of -ft- of 9ber as also of the ^ 
of lOber, with the enclosed propositions from and answers 
to the Maquaes and your resolutions, are all well re? 
ceived; wherein I find good cause to return you thanka 
for your care in the preservation as well of His Majes-* 
ties as of your own true interest in these times of diffi- 
culty with the ambiti'ous French. Neither have I been 
unmindful to prepare the English in the North to your 
succor, in case the French should disturb the peace. All 
the soldiers at the Sopes will be ready at an hour's warn- 
ing, and further I have wrote to the Schout andSchepens . 
there, to be ready for your assistance with as many men 
as they can possibly spare, of the Burgers, for I know 



N$w York Cdanial Manuscripts^ ' 261 

> 
weB how impossible it is to send any fr6ni hence in the 

winter. I may well hope that the Freifch are not onely 
weary of their two fruitlesse voyages, but Ihat most of 
their souldiers, eommanded away with the Viceroy into 
the West Indies, and now that the warr between Spaine 
and France is renewd, in probability the French will fine} 
worke enough at home. These last are but specujciiiphs 
and feed my hopes that yow may live Iq peac(^' her^eafter, 
though your circumspection ought not io be tlie I^sise. I 
may not forgett to tell you with how much satisfaction to 
mee all the letters from Albany this winter, are received, 
in regard no complaints are made one of another, but a 
generall complyance to peace and friendshipp which is very 
agreeable to my disposition Therefore I should returne 
yow a complement, but I chouse rather to expect a time 
wherein I may more emphatically doe yow a service, un« 
to which I am most heartily inolind being. 

Your aff 'te friend, 

R.N, 
T of Jan. 1666. 
Fort James. 



66. > 



•mmm. 



COU>N£L NIOOLLS TO M;Bt. 4RENDT VAN CURLER. 

Sir: Yours of the -iV of 9ber and of the if of lOber 
with the account of the affaires under your care are kind- 
ly received, and will be soe acknowledged when opportu- 
nity presents. 

I percieve my former iiustructions are observed, and I 
hope by that unanimous resolution taken the French wiU 
be discouraged from attemptiivg to disturbe yow, and the 
Maquaes, forever obliged by the kindness, and protection 
showd them in their necessity. 

I would gladly heare of the demolishing of that fort 
mentioned in yours, and that the Paper oould be found. 
Yow have not forgott your promise to perfect the Cart of 
the Lake, with the French Forts, and how it borders up- 
on the Maquais River .Sir, I am so abundantly satisfyed 

\Anm\s viu\ 23. 



262 New York Cohnial Manuscripts. 

with your care and conduct in these troubles, that I 
shall now only desire yow to continue in well doing, 
wherby you have and will extremely oblige - 

Your very aflf 'te friend, 

B. N. 
7 January 1666 ) 
Fort James. 5 i 



COLONEL NIC0LL8 TO MR. GERARD SWART, SHERIFF OF 

ALBANY, 

Sir: Yours of the H lOber is received; the messenger 
made no great haste, and I hope you will have no extra- 
ordinary occasion to send another before the River opens. 
I am very glad to heare that all afiaires are carried with 
so much discretion, that not one complaint is made; 
which is wellcome tydings to mee, and showes that every 
man walkes in his owne station. It remaines that I returne 
yourselfe and all the officers particular thankes for thf» 
care taken in your defence against any nation that may 
disturbe yow assuring yow that on my part nothing shall 
be wanting to prseserve yow all in peace or promote your 
wellfarc I am 

Your aflT'te fiiend, 

R. N. 



COLONEL NIOOLLS TO SIR. ARENDT VAN CURLER, 

(New York (Papers, 1. 49.) 

Mons. Curler: Yours of the 29th lOber is receued but 
not by the hand of Smits Jan who staid in Esopus so 
that I am disappointed of all the intelligence he might 
have giuen mee ; bee pleased when you see Smits Jan to 
take in writing from his mouth whateu6r he can inform 
you worth the writing, and send it mee by the next op- 
portunity. By circumstances in letters and the Passeport 
to the Indians I make my guessing that the french will 
not trouble your Parts this winter. I haue wrotat large 
to the Comissaries therefore ahatl not say more to yoa 



New York Colonial Manuscripts, 263 

not doubting of the continuance of your care and paines 
in this publik concerne. Smits Jan must carry mine and 
the Comissary's' former letters to the Vice Roy at Can- 
ada. I haue enclosed sent you all the french letters 
back again, for my part I understand well Banchot's 
meaning, which is to lett you know how little good will 
Mons. de Tracy hath for the Dutch and when time serves 
he will make use of those pretences to color his ambi- 
tion of Ingrossing the Bever trade by destroying and 
interrupting ours at Albany. In returne of those novellea 
which he sent you pray send him these two Copies one 
relates to the fight in June the other relates to the En- 
terprise of Schelling Island, after the defeat given the 
Dutch fleet upon the 25th of August; and let Mons. Ban* 
bhot hear that we haue later intelligence than himselfe, 
and probably he knows not that the warr is lately begunn 
between France and Spaine. I hope the publik and your 
private affaires will permitt you in the spring to visit these 
Parts which you haue not done since I came into the 
Country. 

Mons. Le Rolle and Mons. de Ville haue wrote to 
Monsr fountaine to returne to Canada with Smits Jan as 
also that the french would not lose this Opportunity: 
Monsr fountaine hath kept his Christmas with Capt. 
Carterett in New Jersey, and can not stir thence this 
moneth; but if he could 'tis impossible for him to march 
from hence to Canada through the snow afoot. All the 
french souldiers except one thats lame and in service 
with a french man upon Staten Island, are gone to Bos- 
ton to seeke a passage thence, by the helpe of the Alin- 
conguins. I haue no more at present but to ussure you 
that I am Your very aff 'te friend 

To serue you, 
11th of Jan 1666) R. N. 

fort James. ) 

COLONEL NIOOLUS TO CAPTAIN JOHN BAKER, 
'' • (New York Papers, I. 60.) 

Capt Baker; Tours of the 20th of lOber which should 



264 New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

haue come by Smits Jan is brought by another Indian 
who calls himselfe Mr Thomas. So that I want all the 
infomatlon which hee could glue mee. In another of this 
date to the Capt. and Comissaries at Albany I have 
sent the best advice and direction which my knowledge 
of the present affaires could collect out of the seueral let- 
ters ; but I must referr the management thereof for the 
best to the discretion of yourselfe and Comissaries 
whose former letter with mine to the Viceroy of Cana- 
da must be sent by Smits Jan. The relation you made 
mee is sent to Mr Winthrop and Capt. Pinchen. I col- 
lect from the letters and from the Viceroy his passeport 
to the Indians, that we are not much to feare their at- 
tempts this winter yet such collections may faile and not 
much to be relyed upon, for the french forts are too 
neare neighbours and can poure forth men before we are 
aware, if we be not always watchfull. I do not see 
cause to change my former directions but because the 
Maquaes desire my advice it is that they make a good 
peace or none with the french, such as may bring in 
berer to Albany, and leave them without feare or Jeal- 
ousy of the French, one point will be necessary that the 
Maquaes should declare to the French that the King of 
England is the Great King of all their Country and parts 
adjacent, and unto him they are subordinate, living in 
peace and trading with all his subjects, and now they 
are willing to make peace with the french and will re- 
solue to keep it if the French will demolish their forts 
and bring no more troopes of Souldiers into the King of 
England's country or their Plantation. 

To this purpose you may take seueral opportunities of 
instructing not onely Smits Jan but the Maquaes Saga- 
mores, shewing them it is their Interest to make an hon- 
orable mention of the King of England, what numbers of 
English there are round about and all the Country over, 
how considerable a force from all the adjacent colonies 
are come to Albany in three or four dayes, and with what 
freindship the English, Dutch and Maquaes Hue togeth- 
er in all points except warr with Christians, Such Ian- 



Nm York Colonial Manuscripts. 865 

guage or the like you may make use of to the Maquaes, 
Sachems and Smits Jan, some Dutch here are persuaded 
that Smits Jan hath receiued so much kindness from the 
french that hee is turned frenchman, hut he hath drawne 
so much blood from the French that he can not be so 
foolish as to thinke that they haue good intentions for 
him onely to serue their present endes. 

Wee have no late newes from any Parts being shut up 
with a hard winter. I had almost forgot a short passage 
in a French letter to Monsr La fountaine from a friend 
of his at Quebec where speaking how kind the Viceroy 
is to him, says that the Viceroy intended to haverelieued 
him at any hazard, upon which subject he would have 
write more if he thought the letter should passe directly 
to Monsr fountaine's hands, further that they had found 
an easy and Admirable means to transport their men up- 
on all occasions, therefore it is necesaary to inquire of 
Smits Jan what new passage or Inventions they haue 
found. This is all at present from 

Your aff 'te freind. 



DUKE OP YORK TO GOVERNOR ANDROS IN FAVOR OP THE REV. 

MR. VAN RENSELAER. 

[New Tork EntriM GLI. 18.] 

Major Andros: Nichalaus Van Renseslaer having made 
his humble request unto me, thkt I would recomend 
him to be Minister of one of the Dutch Churches in 
New York or New Albany when a vacancy shall happen ; 
whereunto I have consented. I do hereby desire you to 
signify the same unto the Parishoners at that [place] 
wherein I shall look upon their compliance as a mark of 
their respect and good inclinations towards me. I 
am &c. 

23 July 1674. 



206 New Torh Cohnial Manuscripts. 

8IB JOHN WERDEN TO OOYERNOB ANDBOS. 

[New York Entries GU. 21.] 

Sir : I hare forgott to mention in m j long letter of the 
28th instant one particular which I have been informed 
of, and it is this. 

I'me told that in the whole time of your predecessours 
In that government they never permitted any Foreigners 
vessells to pass up the river of New Yorke to sell their 
goods up at Albany or elsewhere in the country, but 
obliged them alwaies to sell what they had at New Yorke, 
thereby not only securing better the publique dutyes at N. 
Yorke, but inriching the people thereof by giving them 
the opportunity of the first marketts and of keeping the 
bever trade within the hands of the inhabitants our owne 
colony. Whereas 'tis said that you permitt the Bosteners 
and other strangers to goe up in their small vessells to Es- 
opus and Albany and elsewhere as freely as the very natu- 
ral subjects of his Royal Highness's Colony. 

I know not whether the thing be truly represented to 
me, or whether such ill consequences attend it as are 
presaged by some, but finding it reported as a new thing 
I am not sorry for ' this opportunity to give you notice 
of what I heare and shal be glad to have your reasons 
for a proceeding different fi*om what was heretofore 
thought best for the place, if my intelligence be good. 
I am &c. St. James's 31 Jan. 167f « 

To Major Andros &c. 



REPORT OF COUNSEL ON THE PETITION OF KIUAEN VAN 

RENSSELAER. 

[New Tork Papers B. 11. 104] 

May it please Your Royall Highness: We have in pur- 
suance of the refference unto us upon the Report of the 
Governor of New York and the Petitioners of the heir- 
ess of Eilliaen Van Rensselaer considered thereof, and 
do find both , by the Governors Report and by several 
acts or adjudications in Holland, whereby the right of 



Niuf York Colonial Manuscripts. 267 

the Petitioners to the lands called the Rensselaers Wjok 
^ heretofore called Williamstad and now Albany, doth of 
right belong unto the Petitioners by a sale made to their 
predecessors in the year 1630, and have been for some 
years unduly kept out of the enjoyment thereof, and do 
humbly conceire that it may be just for your Royal High- 
ness (if you so please) to grant unto the Petitioners the 
said Ransselaers Wyck colonic with such priviledges and 
imunities as formerly they had, excepting* the Fort 
called Orange Fort and the land it stands upon, that 
whereas dureing the time they have been out of posses- 
sion viz since the years 4652, divers persons have built 
several houses upon some part of the premises, that such 
persons shall hold and enjoy the same for one and thirty 
years from this time, paying to the Petitioners yearly 
the value of two beaver skins for the great houses, and 
for the middle sort of houses one beaver skin, and for 
the lesser half the value of a beaver skin during the 
term which the Petitioners do assent unto, and with this 
also that the Petitioners and all that shall claime under 
them shall from time to time well and truely pay and 
performe all publik dutties and impositions as formerly 
have been by them, or their predecessors and all such as 
shall be imposed on them by your Royall Highnesse or 
your Governors upon the other persons that hold and en- 
joy any part of your Highnesss lands or Colonies which 
[lie] in your territories of New Yorke or Albany. 

John Churchhill, 
London Heneaoe Finch. 

4 Junij 1678. 

WARBAI7T TO GOVERNOR ANDROS TO ISSUE A PATENT FOU 

RENSSELAERSWTCK. 

(New York Entries, GLI.26.) 

Whereas I have perused the peticon of the heirs of 
Eillian Van Rensselaer setting forth their right to cer- 
tain lands called the Rensselaers- Wicke (heretofore called 
Williamstadt and now Albany) and have heard the opin* 



268 iViito Torh Cohnial Manuserijis. 

ions of yourself and my counsell at law thereupon : these 
are to will and require you to cause Letters Patent un- 
der the seal of your government to be granted to the 
said petitioners to grant and confirm unto them the said 
Rensselaers-Wicke colony with such privileges and im- 
unities as formerly they had (excepting the Fort called 
Oranges Fort and its outworks, if any be, and the lands 
they stand upon) and whereas during the time they have 
been out of possession, viz since the year 1652, divers 
persons have built several houses upon some part of the 
premises, you are to take care that such persons and all 
deriving under them shall remain in quiet possession of 
the same yielding and paying during the term of 31 years 
to commence from the date of the Tetters patten t above- 
mentioned, unto the said petitioners or their assigns 
such yearly rent as you with the advice of your counsell 
shall think reasonable, not exceeding the value of two 
beaver skins for the great houses and of one beaver skin 
for the middle sort of houses and of halfe a beaver skin 
for the lesser sort of houses, and from and after the ex- 
piration of the said 31 years the rent for the future to be 
agreed on between the said parties themselves or as you or 
your successors for the time being, with the advice of 
your counsell shall judge reasonable. All which the said 
petitioners do assent unto. And further you are to take 
care that the said petitioners and all that claim under 
them shall from time to time well and -truly pay and per- 
form all public dutyes and impositions as formerly have 
been by them or their predecessors and ail such as shall 
be imposed by myself or by you or other my Lt. Gov- 
ernors for the time being upon the other persons that 
hold or enjoy any part of the lands or colonies within 
the territories of New York or Albany or their depend* 
encyes in America. For all which this shall be your 
warrant. Given under my hand and Scale at St. James's 
this 7th day of June, 1678. 

To Sir Edmund Andros Knight and Goyemor of New 
York and its dependencyes in America. 



New York Colonial Manuscripts, 269 

PROPOSITION OF THE ONONDAGA AND CAYUGA INDIANS. 

(New York Papers, 1. 338,) 

Brother Corlaer : Your Sachim is a great Sachim and 
we are but a small people, when the English came to 
Manhatans that is New York, Aragiske, which is now 
called Virgini^, and to Jaquokranegare now called Mary- 
land, they were but a small people and we a great peo- 
ple, and finding they were good people we gave them 
land and treated them civilly, and now since you are a 
great people and we but a small, you will protect us 
from the French, which if you do not, we shall lose all 
our hunting and beavers. The French will have all the 
beavers, and are angry with us for bringing any to you. 

Brethren: Wee have putt all our land and our selfs un- 
der the protection of the great Duke of York, the brother 
of your great Sachim; we have given the Susquehanne 
river which we wonn with the sword to^this government 
and desire that it may be a branch of that great tree 
that grows b^re, whose topp reaches to the sunn, under 
whose branches we shall shelter ourselves from the 
French or any. other people, and our fire burn in your 
houses and your fire burns with us, and we desire that 
it always, may be so and will not that any of your Penns 
people shall settle upon the Susquehanne river; for our 
young folks or soldiers are like wolfes in the woods, as 
you Sachim of Virginia know, we having no other land 
to leave to our wives and children. 

We have put our selves under the great Sachim Charles 
that lives over the great lake, and we do give you Two 
white drest dearskins to be sent to the great Sachim 
Charles, that he may write upon them, and putt a greatt 
redd scale to them. That we 'do put the Susquehanne riv- 
er above the Washinta* or falls and all the rest of our 
land under the great Duke of York and to nobody else, 
our brethren his servants were as fathers to our wives 
and children, and did give us bread when we were in 

* Evidently an abbreviation of Too-wawsunthah, the Mobawk 
word for «* Falls." Gallatin' t Synopsit^ 387. 



270 New York Colonial ManuscripU. 

need of it, and we will neither joja Ourselves or our 
land to any other government than this, and this propo- 
sition we desire that Corlaer the Governor may send 
over to your great Sachim Charles that dwells over the 
great Lake with this belt of wampum Peeg, and another 
smaller belt for the Duke of York his brother, and we 
give a Bever to the Corlaer to send ovef this proposi- 
tion. 

And you great man of Virginia, meaning the Lord 
Effingham Governor of Virginia, we let you know that 
Great Penn did speak to us here in Corlaer'g house by 
his. agents, and desired to buy the Susquehanne river, 
but we would not harken to him nor come under his 
Government, and therefore desire you to be witness of 
what we now do and that we have already done and lett 
your friend that lives over the great lake know that we 
are a ffree people uniting ourselves to what Sachem we 
please, and do give you one beavor skin. 

This is a true copy translated, compared and revised 
by me 

RoBT. Livingston, 



PETITION OF THE C0]tf MISS ARIES OF ALBANY. 
(New York Papers, 1. 333.) 

To the Eight Honorable Thomas Dongan, Lieut, and 
Governor Generall of the Province of New York &c. 

The Petition of the Commissioners for the town of 

Albany. 

Humbly sheweth— That of late years the French un* 
der pretence of propagating^ the Christian Faith among 
the Indians have much encroached upon the Indian trade, 
and have likewise drawn away many of our Indians to 
themselues, by means whereof the Trade of this place is 
much diminished and the Increase of his Majesty-s Rev- 
enue obstructed, for remedy whereof there will be nothing 
wore effectuall in gluing satisfaction to the Indians and 
being conducive to regain them from the ffrench, then 



New York Colonial Manuscripts. 271 

that your honor in your great wisdom will take care that 
those ffrench priests that are in the Indian castles may 
be removed, as in pursuance of the Reiterated Proposals 
of the Indians, their Places supplyed with English capa- 
ble to instruct and continue them in the knowledge of 
the Christian Religion. 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that your 
honor would be pleased to address unto His Majestic in 
their behalf that due care may be taken in the Premises. 

And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray 
&c. 



rfM 



OOYERNOR DONOAN TO THE LOAD PRESIDENT. 
(New York Entry, II. 166.) 

New York, Sep. 12th, 1687. 

My Lord: Since writing my other letter some mes- 
sages bave come to my hands from Albany of their ap- 
prehensions of the French which obliges me to carry up 
thither two hundred men, besides the Garrison and go 
and stay there this Winter, 'and to get together five of 
six hundred of the five nations about Albany and Scho- 
nectade which will be a great charge but I see no remedy 
for it. 

My Lord it is a great misfortune for this Government 
that there are so few of his Majesty's natural born sub- 
jects, the greater part being Dutch, who if occasion 
were, I fear would not be very fitt for service. 

I am sending to the further Indians fo try if I can 
make a Peace between them and the Sennekas and ^Iso 
to the Christian Indians about Canada who have a mind 
to come, to lett them know I will get a priest for them, 
I will do what is possible for me to j>are the government 
against the French til I have further Orders from your 
Lordp. Judge Palmer lias more Papers to shew your 
Lordp that came from Albany, by those he carries with 
him your Lordp may perceive the grounds I have for my 
proceedings. 

I am your Lordps most obedt 

and humble servant 

Tho. DongAn. 



272 New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

PBOPOSITIONf OF THE MOHAWK INDIANS TO THE MAYOR, 

&C., OF ALBANY. 

(Board of Trade Papen, New York, III.) 

Propositions made by the Maquass Sachim to the May* 
or and Aldermen of the city of Albany in the City 
Hall of the said city on the ninth day of Sept., 1687^ 

Present— P. Schuyler, Esq., Mayor. 

Dirick Wessells, Recorder. 

Adr. Geritse, ^ 

Hend. Cuyler, > Aldermeiu 

Alb. Ryckman, ) 
Interpreters : H. Keeman and JRobert SaBdevs^ 
Bode was Speaker. 

Brethren, It is not unknown to you how that the Gor*. 
of Cannida hath begun an illegal war upon us without 
any provocation or cause. He throws his axe every- 
where' and exercises acts of hostility upon all people 
without respect of persons, hee hath not only taken of 
our people prisoners in time of peace but our brethren 
the English also that were about their lawful occasions 
in travelling to Ottawawa, which certainly you have as 
^ood a right to as the French, and since amongst the rest 
Arnot the interpreter is also taken prisonjer who hath 
done good services for us in travelling up and downe in 
our country, and we haveing a French prisoner according 
to our custom doe deliver him to the family of Arnout in 
his stead and room to wash off the tears of his wife and 
children hopeing he will be acceptable. 

The Governor of Cannidas hart is naught, it is turned 
upside down, but we hold fast the covenant chaine here in 
Corlaer*s house, and with all them that are in friendship 
with Corlarr doe give a belt of wampum 14. deep. 

Let the Governor of Cannida do what he will and pull 
as hard as hee can hee shall not break the chain that is 
between us and Corlaer, wee will all hold fast, and let 
us all hold* the chain of friendship verry fast, and that 
will be the only means to make the Governor of Canida 



New York Colonial Manuscripts. 2^i 

fall upon his left side— do give a belt of wampum 12. 
deep. 

Lett your hart be full of understanding and hearken 
not to any privat^ or common discourse of any prateing 
drunken Indian, butt to what shall be spoke by the Sa- 
chims, and wee will bee careful to doe the same, doe give 
a Belt 10 deep. 

Now, we hare done speaking of Civil affairs shall now 
proceed to say somewhat of Military affairs. — 

Tahajadoris their General being speaker. 

Wee are extreame sorry for that misfortune that befell 
our people in not bringing off Cryn and his company 
prisoners here, it is a greatt Joss to all the Country and 
we are full of griefe quite to Tionondoga* for it. doe give 
a Belt 12. deep. 

The Governor hath often told us, that wee should not 
trust the Governor of Canida, and wee have great reason 
to returne a thousand thanks to His Excell: for his good 
advice, which we now doe, for we have found it to be true, 
what he hath said of the French, and therefore wee take 
up the Axe now and declare and denounce warr openly 
against them ; wee have now at Schennectida a Company 
of one hundred and thirty men that goe out to-morrow 
towards the Lake of Canida to do all the Mischief they 
can against the French, and there are three Companys 
^ out the same way, whom we expect home speedily, who 
* forthwith shall go out agalne. doe give a Belt 10 Deep. 

You have now heard wee have proclaimed and declared 
warr against the French, which we intend to pursue with 
all vigo**, and for the better prosecution of the same wee 
pray your Excell: to engage and induce as many Nations 
of Indians as you can to join in the warr against the 
French, and any Nation of Indians that can be pers waded 
to lay downe the axe that your Excell : will doe your 
endeavour to effect it that wee may have the more free« 
dome to be revenged of the French, and if any oi' those 
Indians newly united in our covenant should be inclined to- 
wards the French, and break a link in the chain, we muat 

=*The third castle, and capital, of the Mohawl^ cpjantr^^ 

[Annals vii.] 24« 



274. New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

go to the Smith and have it mended, doe give a belt of 
wampum 10 deepe. 

Answer to the Propositions. — You have done very well 
in delivering the French prisoner, and wee are certaine, it 
will be very acceptable to his Excellency, intending to 
send him down to New York with the first opportunity. 
Wee find that the Brethren are mindful of what his Ex- 
cell: hath proposed to you, and we desire you to putt the 
other four Nations in minde of doinge the same, and by noe 
meanse to kill the prisoners, since it is the onlymeanseto 
preserve the people that are among the French. 

You need not doubt that Corlaer will keepe the Cove- 
nant Chaine fast and firme« and endeavor to link as many 
Nations in itt as possible, and will be very glad to he^re 
that the Brethren are at last so united as we here are, and 
see that you bee watchful to purge your people of French 
spyes and corrupt rotten members. 

And since you are absolutely resolved to warr with the 
French, and defend yourselves and Country, proceed and 
go on with vigor and courage and bee careful, that busi- 
ness may be carried on with more prudence and conduct 
than that of Cryn was, which certainly will vex bis Ex- 
cell: exceedingly, since you were so often charged to 
bring him here. 

You never did finde, wee were very credulous of any 
common reports as sometimes the Brethren have been 
and that very lately too ; and therefore when you hear 
any story, first satisfy yourselfs of the truth of itt by 
inquiring of the magistrates before itt bee blazed abroad. 
Wee shall send downe the propositions to the Governor 
with the first [opportunity] — was given back 75gl : lOst 
white Wampum, for which the belts were exchanged and 
for a gun which was given to Tahajadoris their General. 

Examined pr me. 

RoBT. Livingston. 



PROPOSITIONS op the ONONDAGAS TO THE MAYOR AND COM- 
MON COUNCIL OF ALBANY. 
(BoaicL of Trade ; New York Papers, B. IIL) j 

Propositions made by the Onondagas to the Mayor and 



New York Colonial Manuscripts. 275 

Aldermen of the citty of Albany the 14th day of 
September, Anno 1687. Present — Peter Schuyler, 
Esq., Mayor; Direck Wessels, Recorder; Andr. 
Geritse, Hend: Cuyler, Abel Rykmann, Aldermen; 
Robert Saiidors, Interpreter, 

Wee heard the news this spring from hence that the 
French would warr upon us, which accordingly we found 
to bee true, our Sachims have been here and heard his 
Excellency's propositions concerning our wives and chil- 
dren to be brought here for reliefe and not to stay in our 
Castles and repeating the propositions, all which we ap- 
prove of very well. 

We Onondagas and some of all the Nations except the 
Maquasse (who have don nothing) have been lately at 
Cadarachqui and gott som prisoners there, butt have 
scarce seen the Maquass ; wee desire of his Excellency six 
great gunns for our fort at Onondage. 

The Governor of Canida desyred us to come to Cada- 
rachqui this spring to speak with him there, but his Ex- 
cellency commanded us not to goe, whom wee obeyed, 
The Go vernor desired us likewise, to take as many French 
prisoners as we could, and not to kill them, and we hav- 
ing received assistance of Powder, lead and amunition of 
his Excellency, Wee doe now offer our thanks, full ac- 
knowledgments and to shew our obedience to his Excel- 
lency's commands wee have saved the lives of these two 
french prisoners whom wee now deliver to your Excel- 
lency haveing taken them at Cadarachqui. 

The Governor ordered us to look out where the French 
army was and where they made any forts, we have found 
tliat they have a strength and Men at Cadaraghqui and 
also a Fort at Onnyagaro, and since the Cayouges and 
Sinnekes see that the French are so powerful and 
strengthen themselves by fortifications, begin to grow 
faint-hearted, and therefore desire His Excellency's help 
and assistance against the French, without which we 
will not be able to subsist. 

His Excellency discoursed concerning the makeing of a 
Fort, which was proposed to be made att Kajonhare but 
wee are of opinion that itt would doe better at Sowego % 



276 Niw York Colonial Manuseripts. 

place a dayes journey from Onondage; They doe renew 
th^ Corenant Chain and give a belt of wampum 10 deep. 

Answer to the said propositions. — Wee doubt not but 
the Brethren are sencible of the many favours and good 
advice you receive of his Excellency and particularly 
that in advising you of not going to Cadarachqui, which 
if you had, the French would have taken you all pris- 
oners or killed you as he did the rest of the people, you 
doe well to obey his Excellencys commands in not killing 
of the French prisoners ; we shall acquaint the Governor 
with it and send the prisoners downe. 

We shall also acquaint his Excellency with your re- 
quest about the great Guns, but we must tell you, you are 
not well advised in asking for Cannon, that would tend 
to your greater ruine if the French should surprise you 
as they did the Sinnekes, for wee can assure you, that 
they Intend to ruine you all if they can. The Governor 
has received a very angry letter from the Governor of 
Canada for supplying you with powder and lead and 
looks upon his Excel : to be an enemy to his Colony and 
an ill Man; The Governor will have the Five Nations to 
stick to one another and hee will bee as good as his word 
and stand by the Brethren, and let them want for nothing, 
intending to be up himselfe in person early in the spring; 
he has sent up orders to send to all the Five Nations and 
accordingly Eeman is gon yesterday to tell them to send 
their wives and Children and old Men to winter at Catts* 
kill Roolofie Johnsons Kill and other convenient places 
along the River that wee may bee able of assisting them 
and also to putt them strictly in minde of their promise, 
not to admit of the least Proposition of peace without 
acquainting the Governor, for if you and the French will- 
always be at the same rate they are and will cheat and 
Cozen you so long till they get you all into the snare ; and 
therefore be advized and let none stay in the Castles but 
such as are fit fbr warr; the French are making great 
preparations of snow shows and otherwise, and if they 
can not ruin you otherwise will endeavour to do it by sur- 
prise ; therefore faiie not to send downe your Wives and 



iVW Forib Cifhmal Matku^eripU^ 21% 

children and old Men according to the Grovernor'Si orders, 
especiallj since wee here, ittis a great obstruction to the* 
Men that goe out a warring, who stay at home to defend 
and prouide for their families, and leaye no more come in 
your Castles than what is just necessary for them that 
stay there, the rest bury itt secretly in the woods, if itt 
be too far off to bring hither, that the Enemy may not 
find it. 

The Governor doth send this gentleman Mons« La 
Parre to Canida with an answer of the French QoTcrn- 
ers angry letter for letting you have powder and lead to 
warr with the French, and has writt to him in as much 
anger to demand of the French Governor that he restore 
and send back our Christian and Indian prisoners, and 
to know what reason he had to invade our Brethren in 
the King's territories. The Governor is a sending a 
gent; to England to acquaint the great King of England 
with the French doeings, and therefore if any Christian 
Indians comes to your Castles with any propositions of 
peace, seize thexh. As for the place you propose for a 
fort, wee shall acquaint his Excellency with itt, butt the 
year being spent, nothing can bee expected to be done in 
building a Fort this season, lett the Cajouges and Sinne- 
kes have courage and not to be faint-hearted, they need 
not fear the French strength, the Governor will stand 
by them and assist them if occasion be, and your wives 
and Children shall be maintained and protected. Was 
given back 30 glss white string Wampum. 

Albany, 15th Sept., 1678. 
Upon the receipt of his Excellencys letters per Marte 
Garrette, the said Indians accompanied by some of the 
Sinnakes and Cayouges were told that his Excellency 
was informed from Canida, that they were makeing great 
preparation of snow shoes, threaten the Indians and 
Christians here for giving the Indians amunition and 
therefore the Governor was fully resolved to come up 
here and stay all winter, and would bring the Garrison 
and some of the Militia along with him to assist the 
Brethren if occasion be, and therefore desired a hundred 



27a N0» Tavh Colonial MdnuKripta. 

Men frcHn the Sennekes, fifty from the Cayouges, sixtjr 
from the Onondages, fifty from the Oneydes, and forty 
from the Maquasse to be at Schannectida this winter to 
joine with the forces his Excellency should bring up on 
occasion, since itt is to bee believed the French, if they 
do come and will eome by the way of Corlaers Lake. 

Which Message was very pleasing and acceptable to 
said Indians and would return home with joy and acquaint 
all the Nationa here with — there being some Wampum giv* 
en to be left at each Castle as a letter about this affair. 

Examined per me. 

RoBT. Livingston, CL 



KXAMINATION OF JOHN ROSIE, 
(New England, IV, 931.> 

Examination of John Rosie. — ^John Rosie of the Cittj 
of Albany aged thirty- foure yeares or thereabouts being 
examined sayeth, that on the eleventh of June last he 
went from Albany with Dericke Wessels who was sent 
by Governor Dongan to carry the truce or cessation 
made between the Kings of England and France to the 
Governor of Canada, and the twenty-second following 
came with him to Mount Royall where they found the 
sayd Governor of Canada and there he saw the sayd Der-^ 
ick Wessells the same day deliver the letters of the sayd 
cessation to the Governors own hand. And this exam- 
inante further sayeth that the twenty-fifth of July past 
the sayd Derick Wessells being againe sent from Albany 
to carry some prisoners to Canada, be this examinant 
accompanied him, and about the seventh or eighth of 
August came againe to Mount Royall, where they also 
found the Governor of Canada, and that about two days 
after the Governor of Canada told to the sayd Derick 
Wessells and this examinant that there was gone out 
from Canada eleven of the North Indians in company 
with some Maquaes,and that theMaquaes were returned 
but the North Indians were not, that he ordered them 



N^w York Colonial Manuscripit. 27d 

ta stay but thirty days, which time was expired, but he 
hoped they would doe noe mischiefe in these parts, for he 
had ordered them to doe none to any Christians, but when 
they are in the woods they doe what they will. Where- 
upon the sayd Derick Wessells replyed that if those In- 
dians should doe any misc^efe in these parts it would be of 
ill consequence. And that the Governour of Canada then 
further sayd, who can help that, for yow know that in 
Europe sometimes six monthes after a peace there ia 
battells fought before itt is knowue. And the sayd Der-^ 
icke Wessells againe replyed that must be in such places 
where nothing was knowne of a cessation, but here itt 
was well knowne : and that hee this examinant well un- 
derstanding the French language did interprett what was 
sayd by the French GoTernour, as above, to the sayd 
Derick Wessells and also what was replyed by him to 
French Governour. And this Examinant further sayth 
that att the time before menconed when Derick Wessells 
carryed the Cessation to Canada, he did every day dure- 
ing his stay at Mount Koyall, which was about five dayes, 
see and discourse with a certaine Indian called Quaetseits> 
who lormerly lived on Hudson's River, and was well 
knowne to him, and att their departure left him there^ 
And further sayth not. 

The 25th of September 168g. the sayd 
Jean Rosie came before mee and 
made oath of the above Examinacon. 

P. ScHUYLBR, Mayor, 



COLONEL BAYARD TO CATTAIN NICHOLSON. 
(N«w Tork Papers, B. IT. 208.) 

New Albany 28 July 1689. 
Honnored Sir: I hope you have met with a pros- 
perous voyage and that ere long wee may hear of your 
safe arrival — Since your departure the insolencies and 
cruelties of the great mutineer Jacob Leiseler and his 
crue are in no manner dinlinished, but rather augmented, 
as you will find by the inclosed abstract of the Jounxall 
till my departure from New Torke. And have also de« 



280 N$w Tark Colonial Manuuriph. 

sired Mr Mayor by this opportunity to give you an ac- 
count of the chief ocenrrances that have happened since: 

Great endeavours have alsoo been made by the said 
Lesteler and those of his faction to overthrow, All civill 
Goyernmeut in the remaining parts of the Government, 
as in the late province of New Jarsie, in the county of 
Kichmond, in the county of Ulster and in this county of 
Albany by sending of messengers and letters to sfome of 
the military Officers and factious men, inticing them to 
follow their steps; but all the said places disapproving of 
their mutinous proceedings, are agreed to remaine steady, 
and retaine, their civil Government pursuant to His Ma- 
jesties said proclamation of the i4th February, last till 
orders do arrive from England ; 

Here at Albany has been but a very slender trade, 
which occasions great poverty, by most of the inhabitants, 
having had little or no trade this three years past, neither 
can they expect any as long those of Canida be not re* 
duced to other terms. 

I had a letter from Mr West of the 28th of June who 
tells me all continues in the same state at Boston, only 
the Government is removed to the Castle and he to the 
prison — I am now retired at Albany where I intend to 
continue till orders do arrive from His Majesty to settle 
the desolate affairs of the Government which pray God 
may be very speedily — In the interim I shall take leave 
with the offers of my most humble service assuring that 
I am Honnored Sir Your very humble servant 

(signed) N Bavard. — • 



MEMORIAL OF THE AGENTS FROM ALBANY, ETC., TO THE 

GOVERNMENT OF CONNECTICUT. 
(New York Papen, HI. 8, B. 20^ 

Memorial delivered to the Honorable Governor and Coun- 
cil of Their Majesties' Colony of Connecticutt by Robert 
Livingstone and Capt: Gerite Teunise Agents Com* 
missionated by the Convention of Albanie and Capt 
Thomas Gorton sent frcHB the County of Ulster, 



Neiff York Colonial ManuKfipts. . 281 

Wee have yesterday given your Honors an account of 
the state of afifaires with us and in whatt danger Albanie 
is in if nott speedily assisted by our neighbours we of 
ourselves and they of N. Yorke whatever they pretend 
are nott able to maintaine that part of their Majesties 
Territory without a considerable supply of men and pro- 
visions and since wee now understand by the French 
prisoners taken by the Maquase that the French of Cani* 
da are intended to make an assault upon Albanie with a 
considerable body of French and Indians early in the 
Spring for which purpose they have flatt bottomed boates 
canoes and engines of war ready by which means they 
will bring the 5 Nations or Cantons of Indians to trucle 
under them who have hitherto proved faithful! to the 
English Crowne the signall tokens whereof being now 
sufficiently demonstrated by their killing and taking nine- 
teen french and Indians of that party that committed the 
Massacre at Shinnectady and thatt with the loss of four 
of their men. 

And perceiving by your Honors letters to the Gent, of 
Albanie that upon the Inductions of Capt Leyslers Agents 
(whom we concluded were come here for more assistance) 
your honors draw of the forces sent there last fall for 
assistance as if the men which said Leysler engages to 
send up were sufficient to resist the force of Canida we 
must conclude that Captain Leisler must be very igno- 
rant of affairs with us to strive to have the forces there 
drawne of else has some by ends which we are afraid will 
prove destructive and extreme dangerous to their Majes- 
ties affairs at Albanie and doe therefore in their behalfe- 
of their Majesties Subjects in the Citty and County of 
Albanie desire and request, 

Istly That your Honnors would be pleased to raise 
200 brisk young men with all expedition to defend Their 
Majesties Iting William and Queen Mary's Interest att 
Albany and to joyne upon occasion with our young men 
and goe out along with the Indians to annoy the French 
off Canida and keep them in a continuall alarme till such 
times things be in readiness to invade them both by sea 
and land 



282 New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

2ni\j Since nothing can be more dangerous than rais- 
ing jealousies among the Indians att present who con- 
tinually presse for assistance from hence, That an ex- 
press be sent with all Speed to Albany to stop Capt: 
Bull's drawing of the men till a considerable Garrison be 
in the Citty for itts sufficient defence against the French 
which cannott be less than ^ve hundred men besides the 
140 Inhabitants that live in the City. 

3rdly Since we are informed that Mr Milborn goes up 
with a party of Men from New Yorke to overthrow the 
government of the City of Albany and (urn all upside 
downe and in all probability to remove those Gentlemen 
of the Convention with whom the Indians of the 5 Nations 
do keep their correspondence and covenant chain as they 
call it all which we fear may prove fatall in such a junc- 
ture wee des3rre that your honors would be pleased to 
putt a stop te such dangerous proceedings till our neigh- 
bours of Boston be informed of all affaires who advised 
us in their last letter that they had written to Capt : 
Leysler to forbear those measures which occasion us soe 
much disturbance since your honors may be assured that 
the Convention of Albany who aim att nothing but the 
publick good will be willing to submitt to any thing that 
ever shall be thought expedient and requisite by the 
neighbouring Colonies who have no small interest in the 
preservation of that place from confusion securing the 
5 Nations to pursue the present Warr 

41y That the Gent of Albany as well those who are of 
Leysler*s Party as well those who are nott satisffied of 
his having the authority which h% assumes to himself 
have unanimously sent an agent to N. Torke praying 
them to lay aside all animosities and private differences 
and contests and joyne heart and hand with all might 
and force against the Common ennemy and to send up 
what men provisions they can procure for maintaining 
and defending their Majesties King William and Mary's 
Interest in these parts hoping they will not take any ad- 
vantages att present to promote theire owne Interest but 
mind the welfare of the Countrey and the preservation 
of their Majesties subjects and the opposing of the common 
annemy. 



New York Colonial Manuscripts. 288 

5thly Since the people of Albany are so much impov- 
erished by a continuall charge for these 3 years past 
without any trade or, commerce whereby they are ren- 
dered incapable of fournishing the souldiera with pro- 
visions Shennectady being destroyed and most of the out 
plantations deserted that your honors would be pleased 
to send a supply of one hundred barrels of porke or beefe 
equivalent for maintaining their Majesties Forces 

6thly Since wee plainly see the French of Canida de- 
sign no less then the destruction of their Majesties in- 
terest in these parts of America and that it is impossible 
that their Majesties subjects can expect any peace or 
tranquility soe long as the French of Canida bee not sub- 
dued it is our only Interest that all their Majesties sub- 
jects of the United CoUonies joyne and procure a con- 
siderable force by sea and land to invade and subdue 
Canida and to the end itt may be the more speedily ef- 
fected since delayes are extream dangerous in such cases 
we desire that your honors would be pleased to depute 
some Gentleman to go to Boston to consult and joyne 
with that Collony who wee understand are a fitting out 
Vessels for the purpose that so glorious a work may be 
carried on with all cheerfulness and expedition itt being 
every true Englishmans interist in these parts to lend 
their helping hand on such occasions which will contribute 
to our ftirther peace 

7thly That your honors would be pleased to consider 
the quantity of provisions that will be requisite for the 
carrying on the expedition and what want there would 
be if the reaping and sowing should be obstructed by the 
enemy (which God forbid) hoping that your honors will 
take that fitting care that your Collony be not drained 
of so needful a commodity in these dangerous times 

8thly That your honors would be pleased to consider 
what we now propose is nott meerly for our own safety 
but the general good of all N. England since wee are all 
embarked in one bottom and though they who are near- 
est the fire burn first yett if Albany be destroyed which 
is the principal land Bulwark in America against the 



1284 New York Cotaniat Manuseripts. 

French then there is not onlj an open road for French 
and Indians to make inpursions in your Honors Territor- 
yes but the 5 Nations who are now for us will be forced 
to turn their ax the other way and how dangerous that 
is none of the Gent. I suppose are ignorant of 

9thly Wee cannot omit to acquaint your honors whatt 
wee have obsenred in our travels through your Collony 
how that the people are generally much inclined and very 
eager to be employed against the French which we hope 
will the more facilitate your honors Councils and under- 
takings begging your honors to use all expedition imagin- 
able in soe great a business of import for iff Canida re- 
ceive there expected supplies from France we fear itt 
will be too late to conquer .those enemies to America's 
Peace 

We beg your honors answer with all convenient speed 
being designed to hasten our journey to Boston we re- 
main your honors most obedient Servants 

Hartford the I2th Robt. Livinotone 

of March 16|^ Gebrite Teunis 

Thos Gabton 



MEMORIAL OF THE AGENTS FROM ALBANY TO THE GOV- 
ERNMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

t 

(New York Paperg, III. B^ 22.) 

Memorial delivered to the Honorable Governour and 
Council and Representatives of their Majestys Collony 
of Massachusets assembled at a general 1 Court in Char- 
les Towne the 20th day of March 16if by Robert Liv- 
ingstone '^ and Capt: Gerrit Teunice Agents commis- 
sionatedby the Convention of Civil and Military officers 
from the City and County of Albanie and Capt; Thomas 
Garton sent from the .County of Ulster. 

In pursuance of our Commission and Instructions wee 
have laid the case before your Honors in what condition 
Albanie and that part of their Majesties dominion is in 
how the 5 Nations westward stand affected and the state 
of affaires att Canida so far as wee could learn of those 



2Vet£^ York Colonial Manuscripts. \ 285 

French lately taken by the Masquaes which are the three 
main points that now ought to be considered off and see- 
ing the neighbouring Collonies and wee wholly under God 
depend upon your honors who are only capable in these 
parts of performing soe glorious a design to subdue the 
French of Canida the Enemies to our Religion and Peace 
wee will therefore offer these following considerations 
to be weightly pondered and considered by you Honors 
since the preservation of their Majesties in America the 
welfare of their leidge subjects and our future tranquility 
doth chiefly consist therein. 

In the first place we must acquaint your honors of the 
mean condition that Albanie isJn being no ways fortified 
to withstand the force of Canida which we understand 
the French design to bring against us early in the spring 
which being subdued (as God forbid it should) they not 
only procure a peace with the Maquase and other nations 
westward (without which wee know they cannot subsist 
all Canida baring confess'd as much themselves) but will 
compel the five Nations to bend the force towards their 
Majesties subjects and to joyn with the French in all 
their wicked designs and enterprizes. 

2ndly To prevent which since wee of the Province of 
N. York are not able to maintain that part of their Ma- 
jesties Territory without a considerable supply of men 
and provisions we desire that your honor% would be 
pleased to raise five hundred brisk young men with all con- 
venient speed to goe for Albany with provisions that is 
beefe and porke (corne being there) and amunition with 
suitable Cloths stockings Indian Shoes &o fit for such an 
expedition which joyning with the men sent from N. 
York some to Garrison said place some to goe out with 
our young men and Indians to annoy the French of Can- 
ida and keep them in a continuall alarm that they break 
not out to do mischief to their Majesties subjects in these 
Dominions. 

3rdly That your Honors would be pleased to supply 
us with a good Ingenier tcrlay out Fortifications and con- 
trive how the City of Albany may be better fortified as 

[Annals vii.] 25 



I 



286 New York Colonial Manuscripis. 

also with ten or twelve good guns and some experienced 
men in gunnery which wee want there extreamly and 
cannot expect to he supplied with them from N. York. 

4thly Your Honors are sensible that the Indians being 
employed in the war against the French which they take | 

to be our war not theirs (since peace is tendered them) ^ 

doth bring a considerable charge along with lit and can- 
not be effected without dayly supplying them with what 
they want wee pray that Your Honors would contribute 
four or five hui^red pounds worth of Indian goods such 
as Duffles Strouds White oBzenbriggs Blanketts leads Out- 
lasses i&c to be disposed of to said Indians by such person 
as Your Honord shall think meet to appoynt by the ad- 
yice of the Gentlemen of Albanie all which charge wee 
doubt not in the least butt will be allowed and reimburs* 
ed by our Gracious Leige Lord King William. 

5thly The way to secure the five nations is to joyne 
them in the prosecution of the war against the French 
since wee cannott or must not expect they will goe out 
alone as they did formerly they seeing that it is our war 
now and although they have given sufficient testimonies 
of their fidelity by pursuing takeing and killing nineteen 
French and Indians that committed the Massacre att Shin- 
ctady with the loss of four of their men yet wee must not 
too much depend upon that but have Christians continu- 
ally along jirith them which will prevent the French hav- 
ing any opportunity of treating with them 

6thly Wee found that the French gained much upon 
the Indians by sending their Clergymen amongst them 
not so much to convert their soules as their bever and 
other trade to Canida; yet by their familiarity and con- 
tinuall converse insinuated into the minds of the Hea- 
then and prevailed much we move that your honor be 
pleased to persuade some of your young divines to under- 
take to instruct the Indians especially the Marquase in the 
true Protestant Religion since divers have an inclination 
to itt One being by the great pains and industry of Our 
Minister Dom: Dellius brou^t so far that he made his 
publick confession in the Church at Albany to every 
body's admiration and wa^ baptized accordingly. 



Ntw Ytnrk Colonial MahuscrifU. 287 

71y Wee are much grieved to think of the factions and 
divisions att Albany and in other parts of the Province 
of N. Yorke occasioned by Capt: Leysler assuming to 
himself the Authority to command in chiefe withoute any 
Order or Commission from our dread soverign King Wil* 
liam soe to doe as ever wee could see, nay after all en- 
quiry imaginable we cannot so much as procure a Copy 
of their Majestys Letters sent to Capt: Nicholson by Mr 
Riggs commanded from him by said Leysler who were 
directed in Capt: Nicholson's absence to such as for the 
time being take care for the preserving of the peace and 
adminstering of the laws in their Majesties province of 
N. Yorke the said Leysler's Agents having refused a Cop- 
py of said Letters to Governor Treat and the Gentlemen of 
Connecticutt neither can we learn that your Honors have 
itt so that we have reason to believe hott only they can- 
nott belong to him but that they t;ontinue protestants 
Majestrates in their respective functions till his Majesty 
shall take further order to settle us neither will the said 
Leysler hearken or adhere to the wholesome admonitions 
given him by Your Honors to leave off those measures 
which occasioned so much disturbance but on the contrary 
hath fully concluded and is now about to subvert the 
Government of Albanie to remove the Mayor and other 
Magestrates with whom the five nations westward have 
soe frequently renewed their covenant chain since these 
revolutions which doeings will render us so mean and 
dispicable in the eye of the Heathen that wee have reason 
to fear they will side with the French and no ways de- 
pend on us as formerly. Those thi/igs being of most 
dangerous consequence mooved us to implore the favour 
of the Government and Council of Connecticut to send 
an express away in all speed to Albanie to stop Capt : 
Bulls coming away with his Company and Leysler's pro- 
ceedings there till wee had given your honors to under- 
stand our condition but they having gave positive orders 
to Capt : Bulls to draw off his men upon the arrivall of 
the N. Yorke forces did not grant our request so that wee 
feare there is either bloodshed or a greatt confusion att 



288 ^ Ntw York Cohnial Manuserijpis. 

A)banie and since your honors have no small interest in 
the preservation of that place and the 5 Nations from con- 
fiision and mine att such a juncture when all ought to he 
unanimous against the common ennemy and' perceiving 
that your honors seem all to he inclined that wee should 
submitt to Capt: Leysler's power for the present Author- 
ity wee cannot say because he hath none from his sacred 
Majesty King William our Leidge Lord, if he hath itt 
we are of opinion he is much to blame never to make itt 
knowne to us since his Majesties gracious letter to your 
honors is published to the whole world so we beg thatt 
your honors would be pleased to use such proper means 
and methods whereby the publick good and welfare of 
their Majesties subjects may be preferred and that their 
Majesties leidge people of the City and County of Albanie 
and County of Ulster whether Officers or private per- 
sons may remain unmolested in their persons and estates 
iVom Capt : Leysler or his associates and that they may 
have the privilege to answer what he or any of hi » party 
can lay to their charge as soon as a Governor or particu- 
lar orders from his most sacred Majesty King William 
shall arrive and nott to be dealt withall so cruelly as wee 
hear severall of our protestanf friends and fellow subjects 
are at N. York declaring as we told the Gentlemen of Con- 
necticott thatt wee are willing to submit to whatever 
shall be thought expedient and requisite by your honors 
in such an extremity doubtless your honors find by ex- 

Eerience that there is neither pleasure nor satisfaction to 
e in office in such times as wee now live in. Wee have 
exhausted for the publick to keepe all in due order think- 
ing every day a settlement will come which God send 
speedily and nothing would be more welcom to us than 
an orderly discharge we have Indians to deal withal at 
Albany and wee fear «uch changes as Mr Leysler is now 
about there, will raise jealousies. Our Interest and De- 
pendence is chiefly in the welfare of Albany and rather 
than his Majesties affaires should in the least be neglect- 
ed we will undergo all the miseries imaginable and suffer 
att this juncture hoping God will send a speedy deliver- 



N$w York C^hnial Manuicrifts. 969 

ance when every true protestant subject may bare redress 
wee have left no stone unturned to procure a good cor- 
respondence having sent down an agent on purpose to tKeat 
with the Gent, of N. Yorke praying them to lay aside all 
animosities differences and private contests and to joyne 
heart and hand with us against the common ennemy but 
we cannot hear that he has any ways prevailed but ra« 
ther that Leysler is exasperated to proceed in his rash 
undertakings. 

8thly To come to the main business which is the sub* 
duiug of Canida nott so difficult as is represented to peo* 
pla.here we conceive itt is of thatt moment that all true 
protestants subjects ought to joyne and according to their 
qualities and capacities to be aiding and assisting in the 
same and understanding your honors are equipping of 
vessells and sending of men to annoy our enemies at Port 
Boyall which we pray may have good success if they pro- 
ceed butt wee are of opinion that such an expedition vgjl 
not obtain our aim and therefore if it could be possibly 
effected the only way is to strike at the head by taking 
Quebeck and then all the rest must follow and many will 
be glad to see that day for they ne\er can live worser 
than they doe now, their force we know and the terrour 
that our Indians will putt them in dayly we are sensible 
of, so that by making a good appearance of Christians 
and Indians by land will draw the principall force up to 
Mount Royall and so facilitate the taking of Quebec which 
if once effected and the French removed every one may 
sit down peaceably under their Vine and Fig trees and 
plow and sow and reap it quiettness besides the honor of 
subduing such a people -declared enemies to our religion 
and peace and the addition of so considerable a Territory 
to the Imperial Crown of England ought to be a great en- 
couragement. May itt please your honors this is the time 
to effect itt, if ever itt be done wee fear never the like 
advantage will occur if they gett their expected supplyes 
from France it will be too late and now the grand Coun- 
cill of Your honors CoUony sitting wee hope they will 
make itt theire only business to raise men and money and 
fitt out with all expedition for soe glorious an enterprise 



290 New Tort Colonuti Manuneripis. 

and those Vessels and men tbatt are ready will be of good 
stead to cleere the coaste as they goe and stop the river 
of Canida till the other vessells be fitted to goe and joyne 
with them fbr if they should attaque Port Royall it 
would only awaken our enemies to fortify themselves 
and putt them in a better posture of defence and soe 
obstruct the main business therefor wee hope your 
honors will direct the Councills to obtaine the whole and 
what will not the Countreymen be willing to give to such 
Fathers of their Countrey to such persons thatt accom- 
plish so noble a design doubtless the late Indian War is 
nott forgott what ruines and desolations itt did occasion 
butt now a worse enemy must be expected French worse 
than Heathens will be disturbers of our peace and they 
once being subdued all Indians in America must submit 
and pay homage to the English Growne and we have ob- 
served in our travells both through this dnd the neigh- 
bouring Collony that the people are extream willing to 
be employed against the French our Indians do tender 
their service by land to joyne with the English and alsoe 
to make canoes to carry men and provisions and doe 
whatt in them lyesf They long to see itt goe on and wee 
have more reason than they for this countrey is not for 
warring wee have no walled Townes nor Bulwarks wee 
pray Tour honors and Gent. Representatives to take itt 
into consideration we are ten men to one in Canida if 
every body help a little according to their abilities the 
business will be effected tis better to give ten pounds 
to save an .hundred than of one hundred pounds ten the 
enemy can soon destroy and have already as will pay for 
such an expedition we have felt the smart of it already 
and wee pray God itt may rest there which cannot be 
expected itt is better to maintain men to kill the en* 
emy than to maintain the poor women and Children who 
are drove away by the enemy the French are generally 
too quick for us therefore time is precious and let good 
use be made of itt there are diverse good omens that God 
Almighty has determined the downfall of Anti- Christ, in 
our days this is the only means in all probability to ef- 






New York Cohniar Manuscripts. 291 

feet it in America. Besides if money and other good 
plunder can encourage soldiers to perform such a noble 
design as the taking of Canida there is good store more 
than will ten times pay the charge of the expedition. Itt 
is now come to thatt pass thatt wee must either speedily 
conquer them else they will soon destroy us. Wee beg 
this honourable Board to take the above proposalls into 
mature consideration and an answer with all convenient 
speed that wee may give an account to the Gent that 
sent us and to the Indians of the 5 Nations the result of 
the honnors Councills we remain 

Your Honors most obedient Servants 

Robert Livingston 
Gerritt Teunisb 
Thomas Garton 



MR. LIVINGSTON TO MR. FERGUSON. 

[New York Papers, B. 11. 834.] 

27. March 1690 Boston 
Honourable Sir : It will undoubtedly be a surprise to 
you to see a line from me especially about affairs of the 
publicke, but the extream good character I have heard of 
yourself and your zeal you have for the true protestant 
religion in being so active in our late delivery in conduct- 
ing our gracious Liege Lord and Lady King William and 
Queen Mary to the throne, doth embolden me to trouble 
you with the perusal of the inclosed papers, which will 
inform you of affairs with us, and withall to entreat you 
to deliver them to their Majesties Secretary of State, that 
speedy care maybe taken to settle us, if not already 
done, else the Country will be lost — When we received 
the happy news of Their Majesties accession to the Throne 
it was as refreshing as a reprieve to the condemned; 
nevertheless we have had the misfortune to live very un- 
easy occasioned by one Jacob Leysler a M:erchaQt at New 
Yorke, whose ambition hath with the aide of the vulgar 
prompt'd him up to Command and Domineer over there 
Majesties subjects upon pretence of freeing them from 



SM N$w York CoUmial Manu9cripi9. 

arbitrary power, vbich thanks be to God was done bjr a 
more glorious instrument, wee of Albany hare en- 
deavoured to keep all quiet there, free from such revolu- 
tions as many of our neighbours have had, resting our- 
selves satisfyed with their Majesties gracious proclama- 
tion of the 14th February 168f wherein all protestants 
Sherriffs, Justice and Collectors are confirmed, but the 
said Leysler did continually disturb us, sending his Emis- 
saries amongst us to incense the people against one 
another, so that if Governour come not speedily, am 
afraid the Country will be destroyed, but we expect a 
Governour one Col: Slaughter for New Yorke every day, 
which makes us bear withal the more patiently. — 

I am informed by some of our countrymen here that 
you are acquainted with Mr. Andrew Russell of Rotter- 
dam my brother in law, which makes me the more bould 
to'request that you would befriend me concerning my dis- 
bursements made for tho publicke, that orders be sent 
by his Majesty to settle all affaires of New Yorke having 
launched most part of my estate in the year 168i when 
Coll: Dongan our late- Governour was at Albany for the 
maintenance of the Souldiers that opposed the french in- 
terest, when they fell upon our Indians and destroyed 
their Castles, and were designed if not resisted by that 
force to have all the five nations of Indians Westward to 
Trucle under them. I perceive the King takes particu- 
lar notice of it in His Majesties declaration of War 
against ^e French King soe that I doubt not but will be 
minded. I am out six and twenty hundred pounds, upon 
that expedition, the Autheutique copies of all my ac- 
counts I sent to Mr Jacob Harwood of London Merchant 
my Correspondent to whom I am considerably indebted 
and cannot pay it till I gett in my money—I have been 
at Albany about 15 years and in contlnuall employ of 
Secretary and collector of that place, and the Gentlemen 
there have prevailed with me to come as their Agent to 
these Collonies of Massachusets and Conetticut, to pro- 
cure assistance, and they have promised us that we shall 
have some men from Conetticut Colony speedily, at least 



Ntw York Colonial ManuBcripis. 293 

they will endeavour to perswade them to it, and they at 
Boston are fitting out five hundred men by sea to take 
Port Royall under the command of Sir William Phipps, 
but things are carried on very slow, the principal reason 
they give me, why they goe not directly to Quebeck , is 
because of want of powder, and therefore they sent an 
express to his Majesty to be supplied. I shall not insist 
at present fearing of Prolixity, begging a line in answef 
directed to me merchant at Albany, and being sent by 
any Vessell bound for New Yorke or New England will 
come to hand, and if I knew it would be acceptable would 
give you a further account of all proceedings with us in 
the mean time shall break off and remain 
Honourable Sir 

Tour most humble and obedient servant 
(signed) Robt Livingston 



COMMISSION TO MR« JOHANNES DE BRUYN AND OTHERS TO 
' SUPERINTEND AFFAIRS AT ALBANY. 

(New York Papers, B. U. 440.) 

By the Lieutenant Governor and Councill ettc. 

Whereas a certain number of people terming themselves 
a Convention, within the City and County of Albany 
have vindicated the Authority of Coll : Tho : Dongan and 
countenanced his and Sir Edmund Andros there illegall 
and arbitrary Commissions and proceedings acting there- 
by, likewise have assumed tothemselfs the rueling power 
by keeping His Majesties fort and contrary to the authori- 
ty of this province to the great disturbance of His Majes- 
ties subjects and other the good and peaceable inhabitants 
thereof, as also contemning his Majesties orders and di- 
rections not only by not proclaimeing their Majesties ac* 
cording to an order from the Right Honourable the Lords 
of His Majesties most Hon. privy Councill dated the 29th 
July 1689, but opposeing in a hostill and rebelious manner 
forbidding and hindering the same, besides many other 
seditious practices all which are pernicious and destruct- 



1 



294 New York Cohhial Manuteriptt. 

ire to HU Majesties Interest, the peace tranquility and 
welfare of this province and the GoYernment thereof and 
had been the occassion of Encourageing the French and 
Indian enemies, to attacke and destroy the inhabitants of 
Shinechtady to the great weakning of His Majesties forces 
in the said County — ^These are to authorise, empower, 
and constitute you Messrs Johannes de Bruyn, Johannes 
Provost and Jacob Milbome to take into your care and 
your direction and command all the forces raised in New 
Yorke and the adjacent counties with all amunition and 
provisions thereunto appointed and forthwith proceed 
from hence to Albany aforesaid where you are to super- 
intend, direct, order, and controle all matters and things 
relating His Majesties interest and revenue in that County 
and the security and safety of his people and subjects 
therein, by treating with the confederate Indians, and use 
such methods and means as [to] you shall seem meet that 
may conduce to the ends before mentioned, likewise to 
proclainie their Majesties, publishing their gracious or- 
ders, and denounce warr against the French King ettc — 
Reducing, subduing and bringing to their obedience all 
such as oppose the same and to settle and establish the 
said County in the same method and constitutions as this 
His Majestys City and County of New Yorke and others 
thereunto appertaining, and further you are to obtain the 
fort Orange at Albany from those of the convention and 
theire adherents, by due summonce, offring them such 
conditions as may be agreable to the ends above said, 
but in case of refusall or resistance, then you are to treat 
them as Ennemies to our Souveraigne Lord the King his 
crowne and dignity, the same to subdue and overcome by 
force of arms and all manner of hostility whatsoever, 
willing and commanding all persons within that County 
aforesaid to be aiding and assisting therein, as they will 
answer the contrary at their utmost perrells — hereby 
giving and granting you full power and authority to con- 
sult, act, doe and conclude all matters and things for or 
concerning his Majestys interest and the welfare and se- 
curity of that County as the case shall require and to 
your judgments shall seem requisite, confirming, ratify- 



Neui Torh Colonial ilanutcriptt. 295 

Ing and establishing Whatsoever ^ou shall so act or do 
in the premises to be good, valid and of full force and 
virtue to all intents constructions and purposes whatso- 
ever — Given under our hands and sealed with the scale 
of this province of Fort William in New Yorke this 4. 
day of March in the 2cd yeare of H. Majestys reign An* 
no Dommino 1689. (:was signed) : Jacob Leieler — 
Pr delanoy Thos Williams, ' Samll : Edsall, Benj . Blagge, 
9amtl Staats, Hend: Jansen van Feurden, Hen: Cuyler. 



I 70 THE GOVERNMEirr OF CONNEQTICUT 

(Mew Voik Pupen, III, B. 31.) 

To the Honourable the Governour and Council] and Re- 
presentatives of their Majesties Colonie of Connecticutt 
assembled at a general Court at Hartford the Iltfa day 
of April 1690. 

Honourable Gentlemen: Not long since Capt: Gerrit 
Teunison and myself commissionated by the Citty and 
County of Albany and Capt: Garton from the County of 
Ulster did relate to the Honourable Governor and Coun- 
cill of this Collony the stale of affaires in the Citty and 
County and in what dangerous condition they were in by 
reason of the French and Indians of Canida and how ne- 
cessary it was for assistance to be sent thither speedily 
for the preservation of his Majesties Intrest there wee did 
allso for your honors better information deliver copies of 
the Maquase propositions and a newbris examinations of 
the French prisoners that had committed the Massacre 
■at Shennecleady together with a Memoriall containing 
divers propositions for the better preservation of Albany 
by sending of men and provisions thither the securing 
the 5 Nations of Indians to the English Crowne the an- 
noying the French the subduing Canida by the joyot 
concurrence of His Majesties Gollouies the preven- 
* The uiDis " ThomiB Williams," i« not subscribed lo the original . 
in NttB York Caloniat Manuicripli, XXXVI. JobiaDci Termilje 
tigat it, though bia naine is oi]iimtte<l ia Ihe above. 



S96 N$w York CoUmial ManutCrifit. 

tion of dissentions among bis Majesties subjects and as 
appears by said Memorial to which reference is bad, all 
which the GoTcrnor and Councill did think convenient to 
acquaint their neibours of Massachusetts withal] whicli 
letters are delivered to the Governor and Council! and 
Bepresentatives of said Colony then sitting together with 
memorial representing to them the absolute necessity of 
attacking Quebek by water the only way totally to subdue 
Canida not so difficult as people there ware made to be- 
lieve as also the state of Albany and that part of their 
Majesties Dpminions how the 5 Nations affected and the 
State of afiares of Canida in Genersll as it was declared 
to us by said prisoners which they found afterwards con- 
firmed by a Frenchman tahen att the Eastward one of 
that party that did the mischeefe at the Salmon falls all 
which sufficiently demonstrates the desires of our bloody 
enemies and how eager they are to subdue Albany which 
they judge will be most obnixious to them by reason of 
the near tye and covenant they are in with the 5 Nations 
which they cannot bear withall and since this and the 
neighbouring Collonies are linked in the Covenant chain 
with the' 5 Nations which never will come in better stead 
than att this juncture wee conceive it will be of one of the 
least conserns of this honorable assembly to think upon 
such methods as may preserve the same entire according 
to engagement since the common interest depends so 
much upon the same juncture. We have made applica- 
tion to the Colony of Massachusetts for assistance of men 
and provisions to joyne with our forces and Indians to 
direct and annoy the Enimy by land through the Cuntrey 
who are alike sencible \ft ith us of the necessity of the 
same but they being infested by the Enemy upon their 
out townes and plantations eastward and northward and 
setting forward a navall Expedition against the French 
of Nova Scotia and Lacadie Sir William Phipps going 
comander in cheefe^th 500 men which will draw forth 
considerable of theire forces which makes them in no 
presant capacity of graunting our request but refers us to 
this Honourable Assembly declaring that they have writt 



New York Colonial Manuscripts. 297 

r 

as effectually as they can to stirr up your honors their 
neighbours and confederates to yeald your succor and as- 
sistance to us and to send some forces from thence to 
joyne our Indians in prosecution of the common ennemy. 

These and your considerations doe prompt us to make 
this second addresse to this Colony not doubting of a very 
happy'issue, since wee are apt to believe that the meet- 
ing of this^Houourable Assembly is cheefely if not wholly 
to consult of matters for the earning on the present warr 
wee will therefore in all submission, tender these follow- 
ing proposalls to your honors consideration which we hope 
will not be unseasonable at this dangerous juncture when 
80 weighty matters are to be discussed. 

In the first place we perceive as well by Your honours 
Letters to Albany by us perus'd by the way as by the 
conferences wee had with the honourable Governor and 
Coiincill -when last here as also with the Governor and 
Gouncill of the Massachusetts bay that all earnest desires 
were that wee should wholly submitt to Capt Leysler's 
power we can inform your honors having received letters 
from Albany that the Gentlemen there who alwayes since 
these revolutions have endeavoured to keepe a good cor- 
respondence with the Gentlemen of New York and desire 
theire assistance and concurrence on all occasions in the 
carrying on of this warr, but not so reasonably comply 'd 
withall as theire argent necessitye and the circumstances 
of affares could have expected yett upon your honors ad- 
vice and that our neibours may be satisfied that Albony 
was never wanting on these parts they have comply*d 
with what your honors thought convenient and most re- 
quisite in such an extremity and have surrendered the fort 
to them of N. Yorke and are and ever were most willing 
and ready to receive any auxiliary troops sent from N. 
Yorke for assistance so they were not sent by Leysler to 
disturb the peace of the place 

2. That they of Albony to shew there forwardness In 
the prosecution of the warr have not only born with and 
passed by sundry enormities committed by Capt : Leysler 
and his adhearance referring the address thereof till a 

[Annah, vii.] 26 



2d8 New York Cohnial Manuncriptt. 

Governor comes from His Majestie King William but 
hare notwithstanding their mean and low condition hare- 
ing had noe trade or commerce for 3 years past agreed 
with the N. Torke Commissioners for the earring on of 
the present warrto procure 140 men 6000 lb Biskett 400 
lbs pouder 30 canoes 100 drest deer skins 60 guns 100 
hatchets and 100 skepel pease which is^ to be ready in a 
month's time and N. Yorke is to deliver 200 men and 60 
men from with other necessaries all which forces 

to go out along with the Indians to annoy the French 
with all expedition 

3dly That your honors would be not pleased to resent 
the undecent carrige of Capt : Leysler to your Honours in 
Generail by hb declaration put forth in the name of 
the Leift : Gorernor and Councill etc. of New York for 
your good intentions and servis done to there Majesties 
and for the common safetyes in sending Capt : JBull with 
his Companye to enforce and strengthen the garrison att 
Albanie which ever shall be acknowledged by your obliged 
neighbours nor that your honors will not be pleksed to 
take noatis of Mr Milbornes uncivil intreaty of the Com* 
panic in particular at their comeing away hoping that 
such outward and ungrateful actions att which wee are 
muph concerned will not discharge your honors from 
mmding the main intrest. 

4thly That your honors would be pleased to raise such 
a qiuantity of brisk young men as your honors in your 
wisdbme shall think requisite to send up to Albany with 
provisions and your necessaries and some of your Indians 
to j.oyne with the 5 nations against the common ennemy 
which will proove very advantageous if it were but one 
good company or two for the present and that in severall 
respects at first it will be an eternal tye or connaction of 
the 5 nations to your honors whereby they will see that 
the promises made to them by the Agents of this and 
neighbouring Collonyes ware not complementall nor 
feigned but real and sincere which will ever oblige them to 
depend upon the like future. 21y It will be a means to 
draw the seat of warr into our Enemyes Countrey by 



Ntw York Colonial Manuscripts. 299 

disturbing and disquieting them at home and hinder these 
incursions and outrages on your honors territory which 
otherwise we must of necessity expect neither can all 
the gards and forces of the Collony wholly preserre the out 
plantations from the crueltyes of the French and theire 
Indians except they be penned up at home and wee must 
beleeve itt is French Policy to alarm our out townes to 
cause us [to] draw our forces there that they may sitt 
quiet att home 

3dly It will train your young men up fitt for any ex- 
pedition they will learn the wayes and passages of the 
Cuntrey and that manner of living make them fitt for 
travell by water as well as by land and accustum them 
to fatigue and hardinesse for what is itt that is the Bugg- 
bear of Ganida but their Busblopers as they call them 
and they being once overcome Canida will be a prey to 
him that first approach itt. 

Sthly The only way to secure the French nation to the 
English Crowne will be by sending of aid from hence for 
if they perceive that this Collony yeeld noe assistance 
and that they must wholly depend on the province of N. 
Yorke if anny disaster should happen since fortune of 
warr is ticleish then they will hudle up a peace with the 
French so either sitt still or worse whereas if they see 
that New England (whose war it is, not theirs) joyn with 
them itt will be soe much an incuragement they knowing 
the power and force of Teritores that nothing will keep 
them back from prosecuting the warr briskly. 

61y That your honors affares relating to the present 
exigency be accompanied with expedition since nothing 
can be daingerous than delays in such a juncture it being 
the generall greevance both of this and the neighbouring 
CoUonies that the business of the warr carried on so 
slowly, for we aught to consider what a quick enemy wee 
have to deal withall who will lett neither time nor op- 
portunity slip to do us a mischeefe or prejudice. 

7thly That Your Honors would consider what a re- 
proach itt would be too the English Nation that a hand- 
full of people as the French are in Canida should disturbe 



800 Nevf York Colonial Manu$eriptB. 

and mine the Cimtrey when we are more than ten to 
theire one neither is itt 80 difficult to come at them as 
people here are made to beleeye for the whole journey 
to Canida from Albany can be performed by water except 
at the cariing place where the Canoe is to be carried ten 
English miles wee must turn our tradeing into warring 
and instead of loading our Canoes with goods for Canida 
for Bearer as formerly we must load the Canoes with 
provisions and ammunityoh to be rerenged of our cruel 
and perfidious Enemies, if we consider nothing but diffi- 
culties charges and nothing can be expected to be don 
against them nay not so much as to secure ourselves as 
wee ought therefore Honourable Gentlemen there is no 
medium now left wee must either destroy or be destroyed 
and thank be to Almighty God Tour Honors neither want 
men nor provisions and them that are brisk and willing 
to goe about itt if they be but sett on and incuraged as 
they ought in such a time. 

81y Since this General Court will undoubtedly choose 
Commissioners to go to Rhoade Island that they will be 
pleased to assist with all the plenipotentiaries there as 
ware all f eady with the Massachusetts CoUony the abso- 
lute necessity there is of taking Quebeck speedily before 
theire supplies come from France and that the Ships now 
fitting at Bostonne for the Port Royall expedition may be 
imployed that way before they returne els the warr will 
be soe tedious chargeable and troublesome there will be 
noe living espetially if the French gett theire expected 
supplies from France which never faile them wee hope 
Your Honors will think itt the generall Interest of the 
Cuntrey to graunt our present request which is requisite 
should be signified to the five nations that they may be 
incuraged to come doune the faster to proceed on the ex- 
pedition this being the best time of the year for the make- 
ing Canoes wee beg Tour Honors ansure to the above 
said proposealls that wee may acquaint the people of Al- 
bony with Tour Honors result 

In the mean time remaine 
Tour Honors most humble and obedient Servant 

fioBT Livingston 



-- !■ 



Nem Y^rk CohmM MafnaerifiU. 301 

To the Honourable the Members of the Generall Court 
now sitting at Hartford 

1 That Your Honors would be pleased to be mindful! 
of the 7th Article of the memoriall delivered in formerly 
to the Governor and Council by myselfe and the other 
agents for Albony and Ulster the expectation of provi- 
sions divers are come up yesterday which if not pre- 
vented will drain the Collony speedily 

2dly That since Your honors are pleased to cause 
raise a 100 men to send to Albony forthwith under one 
Capt: Lievt and Ensign, that your honors would be 
pleased to ad so many men more as will make two com- 
pleat companies which will remove all jealousies of the 
Officers if anny be, itt being thought the wisdome of these 
latter ages to have smal companies for theire better Gov- 
ernment that would make a greater show to the Indians. 

3rd That Your honors would be pleased to send an ex- 
press to all acquaint the Gent: there and the Indians 
that upon your request you will forthwith send 2 com- 
panies and some Indians as soone as the meeting of Road 
Island is over and that need require itt you will send 
some hundreds more 

4. That since nothing can be don without a present 
supply of money and provisions and perceiving that sun- 
dry substantial! inhabitants are willing to contribute 
voluntarily that in my opinion the most speedy way to 
raise effects to carry on the warr would be by subscrip- 
tion and way of loan which our neighbours of Boston doe. 

fioBT Livingstone 

Hartford the 12th 

day of Aprill690 

After this had bin signified to the principal! member I 
desired to have audience before the Court was adjurned 
and returned hearty thanks in the name and behalfe of 
the Citty and County of Albony for the present succor 
and supply which their honors had graunted hoping they 
would proceed nobley in the carriing on the warr as they 
had begun assureing Albony would not be wanting in 



808 New Tori CoUmiat Manuueriptt. 

theire parts and in due time signefy to his Majesty theire 
redinesse to releeve us in our necessity. 

N. B. An embargo was laid on provisions immediately 
two Companies established Gapt : Fitsh 70 men and Capt : 
Johnson 65 men and 80 Indians. A Rate of 9d per lb 
was made to carry on the warr the Goremor and Coun- 
cill agreed to send an express to all they paying half of 
the charge which I consented to. 

A Generall Court held at Hartford by Spetiall order of 
the Governor April the 11th 1690 

Mr Livingston also moved the Court in the behalfe of 
Albony that some forces might speedily be sent thethere 
for the preservation of that post and offending the Enemy 
(as by severall proposeals he gave into the Court in writ- 
ing will appear) all which was considered by -the Court 
and the court did see a necessity of utmost endevors to 
prevent the French of attackeing or settleing at Albonie 
and therefore did Order that two foot companies shall be 
withall speed raised and sent to Albony to take all oper-. 
tunities and advantages against the Enemy to distroy 
them. 

Extracted out of the Court 

Records was signed 
John Allyn Secretary 



(SOS) 

DUDLEY OBSERVATOKT. 



During the summer of 1852, several influential gen- 
tlemen of the city became impressed with the conviction 
that something more shoi]}d be accomplished bj the state 
of New York in the cause of popular education. Though 
aware that our system of common schools, our acade- 
mies and colleges were answering all the purposes which 
their respective founders bad in riew, stitl there seemed 
to be a deficiency of adequate facilities for prosecuting 
, the higher branches of education to their fullest exlent; 
in consequence of which our young men were driven to 
foreign countries for advantages which should be furnish- 
ed them at home. This suggested the idea of a National 
University, an institution possessing a character that 
would meet the exigency in question. Several public 
meetings were held in relation to this matter, which 
many distinguished gentlemen and scholars from other 
states attended, and favored with their sympathies and 
counsels. As a result of these deliberations, and aa a 
part of the great project which we hope yet to see fully 



d04 DftdUjf Obnervaiary. 

realized, it was resolved to establish, at the capital of 
the Empire State, an Astronomical Observatory, with such 
instruments and agents as would meet the present demands 
of astronomical science. In prosecuting this object, it 
is gratifying to record the liberal and cheerful response 
that was made to individual applications for the neces- 
sary funds. As an earnest of the success which should 
ultimately crown- the efforts of the gentlemen who espe- 
cially committed themselves to the prosecution of the 
enterprise, they received ftom Gen. Stephen Van Reus- > 

selaer a donation of several acres of valuable land as an { 

appropriate site for the contemplated building. This 
munificent gift, at once proved that the enterprise had ] 

taken a strong hold on the minds of our citizens. The 
plot of ground thus dedicated to the interests of science, 
is situated on the northern side of the city and within its 
corporate limits, and is peculiarly adapted to the pur- 
pose in question. It rises with an elevation so gentle as 
to allow of an easy ascent, to the height of about two 
hundred feet above the level of the river, terminating in 
a beautiful plateau sufficiently extensive to meet every 
desirable object connected with the contemplated edifice. 
No sooner had this point been gained, than another dona- 
tion was announced, of an amount which, at the time, 
was considered nearly if not quite sufficient, to erect and 
complete the Observatory building. Mrs. Blandina Dud- 
ley, a lady distinguished for wealth and liberality, in 
token of respect for the memory of a devoted husband, 
cheerfully appropriated f 12,000 to the enterprise; in con- 
sideration of which, and as a testimony of their grati- * 
tude, the trustees resolved that the institution should be 
called The Dqdlet Observatory. It is a pleasing 
reflection to Mrs. Dudley, that her noble husband during 
his lifetime, cherished a special interest in this depart- 
ment of science, and that no appropriation could be made 
by her, more likely to be in accordance with his wishes. 
The favor with which the enterprise had been thus re- 
ceived, led its friends to hope that a yet more extensive 
plan might be entertained, and that a building might be 



DuiUy Observatory. 305 

erected of more ample dimensions and of more perfect 
appliances than was at first contemplated, requiring at 
the same time a more liberal outlay of capital. In this 
they were not disappointed. Several gentlemen at once 
contributed, until the sum of $25,000 was secured. In 
the winter of 1853 an act of incorporation w^a granted 
by the legislature, by which the government of the insti- 
tution is vested in a board of trustees, of whom Stephen 
Van Rensselaer is president, T. W. Olcott vice president, 
and J. H. Armsby secretary. The scientific council who 
have charge of the institution, are. Prof. A. D. Bache» 
Supt. U. S. C. S.; Prof. Benjamin Pierce, Cambridge; 
Prof. Joseph Henry, Smith. Institute; Dr. B. A. Gould, 
of U.S. C. S. The building was commenced early in the 
spring of 1853, under the supervision of Prof. G. R. Per- 
kins, and completed during the following year. 
' The ground plan of the building is in the form of a 
cross, with a front of 84 feet, by 72 feet in depth. The 
center hall through which passes the great pier for the 
heliometer, is 28 feet square; the east and west wings, 
which are designed for the meridian circle and transit 
instruments, are each about 26 feet square, with a semi- 
circle area, in front and rear for collimator piers, and 
provided with the usual openings in the meridian. The 
rear or north wing is about 40 feet square, divided into 
a library room of 27 by 23 feet, two computing rooms of 14 
by 16 feet, and several small rooms for magnetic appara- 
tus, for recording observations, &c. The heliometer 
room, in the second story, is of a circular form of 24 
feet diameter. The revolving portion is in the form of a 
tower, moving by ingenious machinery. The main pier 
for the heliometer was commenced seven feet below the 
bottom of the cellar, with a base of 15 by 15 feet, rest- 
ing on a bed of conorete and rubble of 24 inches thick. 
The size of the pier was gradually reduced, by stepping, 
to the height of the cellar bottom, where it is 10 by 10 
feet, and was continued of this size throughout the rest 
of its height. The whole is built in the most-substantial 
manner, of large stone, well bedded by hammer dressing. 
The piers in the circle and transit rooms and for the 



896 Dudlty Observalorg* 

clocks and collimators are constructed with the same 
care, of similar construction. The walls of the building 
are of great thickness, and made of the best quality of 
pressed brick. The basement story, the window sills, 
caps, corner blocks, belt courses, and portico are con- 
structed of dressed free stone. The library room and 
computing rooms of the north wing are warmed by heat- 
ed air from a basen^ent furnace, great care being taken 
to cut off all heat from the main building. Both the cir- 
cle and transit rooms have been recently enlarged, giving 
a circular form to the front and rear walls, to make 
room for collimator piers, and for much larger instru- 
ments than were at first designed.' 

A beautiful marble bust of Mr. Dudley, executed by 
E. D. Palmer, is to be placed opposite the principal en- 
trance. In a niche on the right is the celebrated clock 
presented by the Hon. Erastus Corning, for giving time 
to the Central, and other railroads diverging from Albany* 

At the Providence meeting of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, in 1855, Professor 
Bache, Supt. of the U. S, Coast Survey, proposed to Dr. 
Armsby the establishment of a great heliometer at Albany, 
and to furnish observers from the Coast Survey to take 
charge of it, provided the requisite funds could be furnished 
for its purchase. Dr. A. guarantied the amount necessary, 
and wrote Mr. Olcott to this effect. Mr. 0. read the- let- 
ter to Mrs. Dudley, and she cheerfully contributed $6,000 
for the purpose. This sum was soon increased to $8,000, 
and subsequently to $14,500. Mr. Olcott at the same 
time contributed $5,000 for the purchase of the splendid 
meridian circle, by Pistor & Martins, of Berlin. This is 
the largest instrument of the kind in the world, and has 
been named by the Scientific Council in honor of its gen- 
erous donor, The Olcott Meridian Circle. A fine transit 
instrument, also by Pistor & Martins, ordered by Prof. 
Bache, occupies the west wing of the building, the Olcott 
circle the east, and the Dudley heliometer is to be placed 
in the central tower. Several valuable clocks, barome- 
ters and thermometers have been ordered in France and 



J 



Dudley Ohsertatorp, 3Cff 

Germany. The chronographs are made by the celebrated 
artist, Mr. Farmer, of Boston, who, it is hoped, may be 
induced to remove his valuable establishment to Albany. 

The construction of the heliometer has been confided 
by Dr. Gould, after visiting the 'workshops of Europe, to 
our eminent countryman, Charles A. Spencer, who has . 
just returned from a European tour to visit observatories 
of England and the continent. 

At the inauguration of the Dudley Observatory, on the 
28th of August, 1856, the following letter, addressed to 
the trustees by Mrs. Dudley, wa» read to the vast audi- 
.ence there assembled, who rose simultaneously to tbeir 
feet and greeted the noble and generous donor with the 
most enthusiastie and heartfelt cheers : 

Albany, August 14th, 1856. 
To the Trustees of the Dudley Observatory : 

Gentlemen — I scarcely need refer in a letter to you, to 
the modest beginning and gradual growth, of the institu- 
tion over which you preside, and of which you are the 
responsible guardians. But we have arrived at a period 
in its history, when its inauguration gives to it, and to 
you, some degree of prominence, and which must stamp 
our past efforts with weakness and inconsideration, or 
exalt those of the future, to the measure of liberality 
necessary .to certain success. You have a building erect- 
ed, and instruments engaged of unrivaled excellence, and 
it now remains to carry out the suggestion of the Astron- 
omer Royal of England, in giving permanency to the 
' establishment. The very distinguished Professors, Bache, 
Pierce and Gould, state in a letter which I have been 
permitted to see, that to expand this institution to the 
wants of American science, and the honors of a national 
character, will require an investment which will yield 
annually not less than $10,000. And these gentlemen 
say in the letter referred toi '• If the greatness of your 
giving can rise to this occasion, as it has to all our pre- 
vious suggestions with such unflinching magnanimity, we 
promise you our earnest and hearty cooperation, and 
Btake our reputations that the scientific success shfldl fill 
up the nieasure of your hopes and anticipations." 



] 



808 DudUy OUervatarp. 

For the attainment of an object so rich in scienti- 
fic rewards and national glory, guarantied by men with 
reputations as exalted and enduring as the skies upon 
which they are written, contributions should be general, 
and not confined to an individual or a place. 

For myself, I offer as my share of the required endow- 
ment, the sum of $50,000 in addition to the adyances 
which I have already made ; and trusting that the name 
which you have given to the Observatory may not be con- 
sidered as an undeserved compliment, and that it will not 
diminish the public regards, by giving to the Institution 
a seemingly individual character, 

I remain, gentlemen. 

Your ob't svt., 

BlANDINA D0DLET. 

The reading of the letter was followed by the address 
of Hon.* Edward Everett, of Boston, Mass. The annals, 
neither of Albany or the world, can furnish the parallel 
of such an audience, composed as it was of the beauty 
and fashion of Albany, and the most distinguished scien- 
tific men on the continent of North America. At the 
close of the address a burst of applause broke forth from 
the mighty assemblage, thus sending up the welcome of 
science and of Albany to the Dudley Observatory. ' 

Complete sets of the Greenwich observations, 29 quarto 
vols., and of the Radcliff observations, 19 vols, have been 
recently presented to Dr. Gould for the Observatory. 

Prof. Bache has ordered for the use of the Observatory 
a Transit Instrument to cost $1500. 

It was announced by Prof. Bache, that Gould's Astro- 
nomical Journal was to be removed from Cambridge to 
Albany. This is the only astronomical journal published 
in America, and there is' but one published in Europe. 
The result of this will be to make Albany the great astro- 
nomical center of the American continent. 

The following are the subscriptions and contributions 
for the Observatory: 

Mrs. Dudley, $76,500 T. W. Olcott, (for 

T. W. Olcott, (for building) 500 

general fund), 10,000 Wm. H. DeWitt,.. 1,500 






J-^'TstIO''"" 
JB.J"?!''".- 



600 J-V Nort""' ... 

600 ''• 

600 ^ 
350 1 
360 ■ .. . 

850 "r osM"' ;:■ 



»60 

a60 

260 
860 
860 
SSO 



800 

100 

100 

100 

100 

100 




^.A«l»l 



^vii^ 



(310) 



THE MOHAWK FLATS. 



By the charter granted by Gov. Dongan to Albany 
in 1686, that city obtained the right to purchase one 
thousand acres of land from the Indians at what is 
now Fort Hunter, and a committee was shortly after sent 
to view the lands. On the 12th October, 1730, the city 
took from the Mohawk Indians of the Lower Castle, a 
deed to hold the lands in trust for them so long as they 
should be settled thereon, with remainder to the city. 
This deed continued in possession of Mr. John Depeyster, 
the Mayor, until 12 September, 1733, when it was de- 
livered to Governor Cosby, who destroyed it, and on the 
4th of November, following, obtained the above deed from 
the Indians, conveying said lands to the King in trust for 
them. The Mohawks, notwithstanding, continued uneasy, 
and to quieten them, the city of Albany signed an instru- 
B»ent on the 18th December, 1773, surrendering to the 
Indians residing in the Lower Mohawk Castle, all right 
and title to the said thousand acres of land, (with the 
exception of a few parcels that private individuals had 
previously purchased from the Indians and held under 
the corporation,) ** so long as they shall continue a Na- 
tion and be settled on said lands." In 1788, a number 
of the Mohawks residing at Canajoharie, petitioned the 
legislature to be reinstated in their lands at Fort Hunter 
and elsewhere; and by two instruments, dated respectively 
the fifteenth of April, 1789, and 16th June, 1790, the city 
bought out all the claims of the surviving Indians to the 
lands in question, as appears by the various instruments 
on file in the office of the City clerk. The lands were 
divided into farm at first and leased by the corporation, 
but all these farms have since been sold except one, which 
is still under lease. — E. B. 0*Callaghan, Col, Hist., «t., 
p, 16., note. 



mm 



(311) 



BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES. 



PHILIP LIVINGSTON, 

Second proprietor of the Manor of Livingston, was the 
son of Robert L. and Alida Schuyler, widow of the Rev. 
N. Van Rensselaer. He was born at Albany in the year 
1686. In 1705 he accompanied his uncle, Col. Vetch, to 
Quebec, that gentleman having been sent with Mr. W. 
Dudley by the government of Massachusetts bay, to Ca- 
nada, to procure an exchange of prisoners, and if possible 
to conclude a treaty of neutrality. He served in the 
expedition against Port Royal in 1710, and after the re- 
duction of that place, was ordered to proceed with the 
Baron de St. Castine to Quebec, to communicate the 
articles of capitulation to M. de Vaudreuil. He set out 
accordingly in the middle af October, and went up the 
Penobscot river as far as Indian Old Town, where, had 
it not been for his companion, his brains would have 
been knocked out by an enraged Indian, because some 
English prisoners had run away with his canoe. After 
some time the party again started but had not proceeded 
far when the ice so shattered their canoes that they were 
obliged to continue their journey by land and to travel by 
eompass through a dense and almost impassible forest, 
^e greatest part of the way over broken and mountain- 
ous land. Six days before reaching the French settle- 
ments their provisions gave out gnd they were obliged to 
live on moss, leaves and berries. At length, after a most 
fatiguing march, they arrived at Quebec on 16th Decem- 
ber, 1710. Mn L. returned to New York and was ad- 
mitted to the bar on Sl^Decr., 1719; in 1720 he was ap- 
pointed, one of the commissioners for the management of 
Indian affairs, and in 1721 succeeded his father as secre- 
tary of that board and as clerk of the county of Albany, 
&c. He was called to the council in May, 1725, and 



8 12 Biographiea I Natieet. 

took his seat in October following. In July of the next 
year he, for a third time visited Canada, as bearer of Got. 
Burnet's despatch, complaining of the erection of a French 
fort at Niagara. In 1737 he acted as president of the 
commission appointed to run the boundary between New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts, and in 1740 was named 
one of the board to determine the line between Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island; on which occasion Hutchin- 
son says he had great influence. In 1746 and 1747 
he was one of the commissioners on the part of New 
York to meet and cooperate with commissioners from 
the other American colonies in measures for carrying 
on the war and securing the interests of the Indians. 
He continued in public life until his death, which occured 
in New York, in February, 1749. Mr. Livingston mar- 
ried Catharine, daughter of Pliilip Van Brugh, mayor of 
Albany, and had two sons and three daughters. Sarah, 
one of the latter, was the wife of General Lord Stirling, 
who served in the American Revolution. — E, B. O'CaU 
laghan, N, Y. Col. Hist., vi.p. 60, note. 



JOHN DE PEVSTEB, 

• 

Was grandson of Abraham . He was born at New York 
on the 14th of January 169f , and moved to Albany, where 
he married Anne Schuyler, by whom he had two daugh- 
ters; Anne, the wife of Volkert P. Douw, and Rachel the 
wife of Tobias Ten Eyck. He was recorder of the city 
of Albany from 1726 to 1728, and mayor from 1729 to 
1731, and again in 1732. In 1734 he became one of the 
commissioners of Indian affairs ; was subsequently a con- 
tractor with the government to supply Oswego and other 
outposts with stores, and in 1755 one of the commission- 
ers for paying the forces in the expedition in which Gen- 
eral Johnson defeated Dieskau. His name appears as a 
patentee of lands in Schoharie ; also in Herkimer county 
and near Schaghticoke. — Ibid, p. 132, note. 



(818) 



ANNALS OF THE TEAR 1855. 



January, 1855. 

1. The new year day was mild and beautiful, although 
the cold of the preceding day had closed the ferries, and 

made the ice sufficiently strong for crossing Myron 

H. Clark inaugurated Governor of the state, and Henry 
J. Raymond Lieutenant Governor, at the Capitol, when 
the customary speeches were made by the outgoing and 
incoming functionaries Sherman Croswell and Gid- 
eon J. Tucker announced that they bad transferred their 
interest in the Albany Argus to James I. Johnson, who 

associated Calvert Corns tock with him as editor 

The Bank of Albany declared an extraordinary dividend 
of 50 per cent on its capital, in stock to its stockholders, 
who unanimously accepted the dividend in that form, 
by which the capital of the bank was raised from $240,000 
to $360,000, and to each possessor of ten shares five more 
were added. 

2. The legislature met at the Capitol, which had been 
enlarged and improved during the summer for their con- 
venience Bernard Mclntyre died, aged 68. Cata- 

lina Ten Eyck dLsd, aged 76. 

3. County Agricultural Society elected its officers: A. 
Osborn president, L. Tucker vice-pres., G. I. Van Allen 
secretary, L. G. Ten Eyck treasurer. 

4. Joseph Parker died, aged 37. He had been connect- 
ed with the fire department about fourteen years and was 
an efficient and popular officer. Elizabeth Brown died, 
aged 65. Julia C, wife of Gilbert C. Angus, died, aged 
23 years. Thomas J. Boyd, a native of Albany, died 
in New York, where he had been engaged in mercantile 
business for several years. 

5. While the senate was in session, a number of Onei- 



814 Afmah of 1855. 

da and Onondaga Indians, painted and costumed, enter- 
ed the chamber and remained half an hour witnessing 
the routine of business. 

6. A drore of sheep fell through the ice while crossing 

the rirer, and 69 were drowned, valued at $292.50 

A meeting of the people of Bethlehem opposed to a dirlsion 

of the county Mrs. Jane Rawson died, aged 68. 

Mrs. Hannah Murdock died, aged 64. Orrin Leeman 
died, aged 38, 

7. Burial of Joseph Parker, attended by the fire compa- 
nies in uniform, and delegations from other cities 

Rev. Ezra A. Huntington, pastor of the third Presbyte- 
rian church, preached bis farewell sermon to his congre- 
gation, having accepted a professorship in a college 

The railroad ferry boats resumed their trips, a week of 
mild weather having reduced the ice in strength and 
thickness Abraham A. Lansingh died, aged 33. 

8. A fire destroyed a house in Washington street, about 
two miles from the City Hall. It had been vacated that 
morning. 

9. It was found necessary to run the ferry boats again, 

the ice being unsafe Mrs. Catherine C, wife of 

Theodore V. Van Heusen, died, aged 32. 

10. An alarm of fire in the evening caused by the 

burning of shavings in a eooper's shop Mrs. Ann 

Van Cortlandt, relict of Philip S. Van Rensselaer, 
died, aged 89. She wa9 the youngest daughter of Pierre 
Van Cortlandt, the first lieutenant-governor of this 
state under the constitution, and who continued to fill 
that office for eighteen years, and sister of Col. Phillip 
Van Cortlandt, who, with the late Col. Van Schaick, of 
Albany, commanded the two New York continental regi- 
ments which rendered gallant service at Saratoga, York- 
town, and throughout the whole revolutionary struggle. 
Mrs. Van Rensselaer was born at the Manor House, 
Croton, in 1766, and at an early age came to Albany, 
where she has resided more than sixty years. During 
this period her home was distinguished as the seat 
of a generous and extended hospitality, and an unfailing 



Annah of 1855. 315 

and ever ready charity. After a long and tranquil life, 
marked by its active benevolence, and the graces and vir- 
tues that most adorn the female character, she died at 
her residence, corner of State and Chapel streets. — Eve^ 
ning Jaurnah William Norton died, aged 35. 

11. An alarm of fire proceeding from the hurning of a 
curtain corner of Green and Division streets Ma- 
ry Bookhout died, aged 21. Died at Greenbush, Peter S. 
Hogeboom, aged 64. 

12. A foot race took place between an Albanian and a 
Brooklynite, to West Troy and back. They started from 
State street at half past 9 at night, and returned at 5 
o'clock the next morning. The roads were very bad, 
and the parties wore completely fagged out. But Albany 
won and Brooklyn paid the forfeit. 

13. An alarm of fire in the evening, caused by the 
burning of a chimney. 

14. John Ableman, aged 70, was found frozen to death 
on the Western turnpike, returning home from the city. 

A frame building at the head of Orange street 

caught fire in the evening, and was partly burned. 

17. Elizabeth Waltz died, aged 87. 

18. Rev. Theodore F. Wyckoff died at the island of 
St. Thomas, whither he had gone to take charge of a 
Dutch Reformed Church. He was the son of Rev. Dr. 
Isaac N. Wyckoff, of the 2d Dutch Church, Albany, and 
was 35 years of age. Nancy McDonald died, aged 70. 

19. An alarm of fire in the evening proceeded from a 
dwelling which was burnt in the western part of the 

city A sleigh load of people crossing the river 

broke through the ice; the horses were drowned, but the 
passengers escaped. 

21. Hannah wife of Patrick Henry Shaw died, aged 22. 

22. A rain storm commenced at an early hour in the 
morning, which became violent about eight o'clock, flood- 
ing the streets and doing much damage to buildings, and 
filling tho basements of a great many houses with mud 
and water. One house in Howard street presented the 
novel spectacle of a torrent pouring out of the front 



( 



8t6 Jnnah of \M6. 

basement windows into the street. There were many 
rueful countenances at the small chances of a break- 
fast. 

23. Ann Boyd died, aged 69. 

24. Joseph Lord, Jr. died, aged 25. 

25. Eliza Easterly, wife of Isaac Morris, died, aged 27. 

26. A festival was held for the benefit of the Orphan 
Asylum, the profits of which were $1648,87. 

27. The body of a man aged about 45 was found float- 
ing in the basin. * ... .A sale of 115 shares Commercial 

Bank stock was made at a premium of 15| per cent. 
..... .The dead body of a man named Bergen was found 

in the slip of the Boston railroad ferry, with marks of 
riolence about him i . . . . Edward A. Staats died, aged 20. 

28. A fire was discovered in a barn in the Foxen 
Creek hollow, supposed to have been set by an incen- 
diary .Bridget, wife of Michael Donnelly, died, 

aged 28. 

29. An inquest was held in the case of Phelps, con- 
demned to be hung for murder, who had been respited 
on the plea of insanity. It was the first case of the 
kind in this city The snow which had fallen dur- 
ing the last two or three days was nearly all dissipated 
by a severe rain storm which began at an early hour in 
the morning. . . . .Barney W. Lord died, aged 32. 

30. Herman Knickerbocker died at Schaghticoke, aged 
75. He read law in Albany with John V. Henry, and is 
remembered rather as a companionable man, than as a 
scholar or a statesman. Judge Knickerbocker's ances- 
tors emigrated from the province of Brabant, during 
the political changes consequent upon the death of Wil- 
liam the Second, Prince of Orange, in the middle of the 
seventeenth century. Herman was born July 27th, 1779, 
being the second son of John Knickerbocker, of Schagti- 
coke, and grandson of Col. John Knickerbocker, of the 
French and Revolutionary wars. Having been educated 
for the bar, as a pupil of John V. Henry, and afterwards 
of John Bird, he commenced the practice of his profes* 
9ion at an early age, taking immediately a prominent 



^J 



Annah of 1855. 817 

place in it, as well as in political life, for which he was 
well suited. Being a decided Federalist and possessed 
of wealth and great personal influence, he was soon 
chosen to fill important ofBces, and when less than thirty 
years of age, was elected to the United States Congress 
during the administration of President Madison. He 
was afterwards a memher of the New York Legislature, 
then Judge of the county of Rensselaer, until the infir- 
mities of age forced him to retire from public life. In 
the ofiice of Supervisor, which he held for many years, 
his influence was often useful to the city of Troy, par- 
ticularly in having it established as the shire town, an 
advantage which, except for his exertions, wojuld have 
been given to the village of Lansingburgh. 

In social life Judge Knickerbocker always filled a bril- 
liant place. Bred from his childhood to association with 
some of the most distinguished men of an age remarka- 
ble for its high-toned courtesy, and to the control of a 
large family of slaves, his manners acquired that blend- 
ing of suavity with dignity peculiar to those accustomed 
to early intercourse with the world, and the early habit 
of command. This with his generous hospitality and jo- 
vial humor won for him the popular sobriquet of " Prince 
of Schaghticoke," and surrounded him with numerous 
friends, whom, says the historian, " he received with 
open arms, and treated them with wonderful loving kind- 
ness." These, to their credit, did not desert him in his 
age and misfortune, but ever with a kindness he well de- 
served gathered about him to console his grief and con- 
ceal his faults. With him has passed away nearly the 
last representative of his class — the old Dutch gentle- 
men, whose memory, long after their places shall have 
been filled, and their language forgotten, will live green 
among the lovers of hospitality and humor. A charac- 
teristic anecdote is told of him while he was a member 
of Congress. Being asked the difference between the 
Dutch Reformed tenets and those of the Presbyterians : 
and not willing to acknowledge his ignorance of the sub- 



818 Annah of 1865 

ject, he replied, naively, that he believed one sang short 
metre and the other long! 

31. John W. St. John died, aged 66. 



February. 

1. Hezekiah Dickerman died, aged 39. 

2. David W. Boyd died, aged 20. Uretta V. Moore 
died, aged 69. Hugh White died. 

3. Hugh Feeney died, aged 68. Joseph Carnehon 
died, aged 24. 

5. A fire early in the morning burnt the satinet facto- 
ry at Tivoli Mrs. Martha Collins died, aged 71. 

6. The thermometer 10° below zero State Med- 
ical Society met at the City Hall Grand Royal 

Arch chapter of Masons of the State of New York met. 
Election of United States Senator by the legisla- 
ture; William H. Seward chosen for six years; 300 guns 
fired on the occasion ..... Emeline L. Van Rensselaer, 
widow of the late Walter H. Livingston, died, aged 35. 

7. Very cold day ; thermometer 20 below zero 

Three criminals arrived from Poughkeepsie to the Alba- 
ny Penitentiary, arrangements having been made with 
Dutchess county to employ a part of her felons, and 
these were the first sent up The gas company re- 
solved to reduce their prices for gas from 4 to 3 cents 
per foot. 

8. An election of officers of the Young Men*s Associa- 
tion resulted in the choice of Ralph P. Lathrop for Pres- 
ident Several of the friends of Capt. Amos Pils- 

bury, of the Penitentiary, it being his fiftieth birth- 
day, presented him with a gold headed cane Eliza- 
beth A. Goodrich, aged about 50, committed suicide by 

hanging, in a fit of derangement Rebecca, wife of 

Wm. M. Diamond, died, aged 80. Caroline, wife of H. 
P. Cook, died. 

9. Esther Christian died, aged 75. 

10. Mrs. Catherine, wife of Washington Castle, aged 



Annah of 1855. 319 

27, died of injuries caused by a camphene explosion. 
Henry Mindebrook, a German, died of want and misery. 
A quantity of money and valuables was found among his 
effects. 

11. An alarm of fire in the evening, caused by the 
burning of a boarding and lodging house in Dean street, 
which had been fired several times before. 

12. Seth Richards died, aged 62; formerly printer of 
the Albany Morning Chronicle, which advocated the elec- 
tion of John Quincy Adams, for President. 

13. J. N. M. Hurd died, aged 77. During the war of 
1812 he commanded a brigade at Sackett*s Harbor. He 
was buried at Cazenovia. Margaret, widow of William 
Dumary, died, aged 58. Urbane Hart died, aged 57. 

14. A convention of women was held in the Univer* 
salist Church, to discuss the just and equal rights of wo- 
men to make laws for themselves, and to remonstrate 
against the tyranny of taxation without representation. 

The State Agricultural Society held its annual 

meeting in the Capitol, and elected its officers for the en- 
suing year The State Hotnoepathic Medical Society 

held its annual meeting at the City Hall, and elected its 

officers Francis Horth, formerly of this city, died 

in New York, aged 27. Mrs. Sophia Combs died, aged 
63. Orpah, wife of Hiram Holden, died. 

15. The Albany County Agricultural Society offered 
premiums to the amount of $2000 to be dispensed at 
their annual fair, to be held in the September following. 

16. Henry Gibson died, aged 28. Laban W. Keith 
died, aged 85. Emily Knight died, aged 20. 

17. A fire took place in the kitchen of Remond's Res- 
taurant, in State street, which was got under before 

much damage was done Adaline Duncan died, aged 

18. 

18. John A. Johnson died at Newark, aged 34. 

19. William L. Crandal died, aged 40. Samuel Haw- 
ley, formerly of Albany, died at Millford, Wisconsin, 
aged 75. 



820 JnnaU of IS&5. 

20. Mary, wife of Wm. Millett, died, aged 36. Jane 
Ann, wife of Wm. J. Snjder, died, aged 31. John WalU 
formerly of Albany, died at Hilwaukie, aged 33. 

22. The anniversary of Washington's birth daj was 
celebrated by the military. There was a procession of 
Col. Frisby*s 25th regiment in the morning, which lis- 
tened to an oration by Samuel G. Courtney, Esq., at the 
Capitol; and in the afternoon another procession consis- 
ting of the police in their new costume, three companies 
of Continentals, a company of citivens on horseback, a 
company of youth in ancient costume, and several fire 
companies, who marched to the Capitol, and were ad- 
dressed by Hon. Wm. U. Goodwin Mrs. Mary De 

Witt, wife of Jacob V. L. De Witt, died at Pitlstown, 
Pa., aged 44, formerly of Albany. 

23. Richard Cunningham died, aged 46. 

24. Hiram Halliday died, aged 53. 

25. Mrs. Eliza Young died, aged 73. Mary Lane, wife 
of John Hogan, died, aged 25. 

26. General Sam Houstan lectured before the Young 
Men's Association, on the subject of the Indian race. 

27. Susan, wife of William Cashman, died, aged 33. 

28. The number of arrests by the police during the 
month was 261. 



Mabch. 

1. Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Augustus James, died. 

3. A fire in Alderman Bleecker's garret was quenched 
with little damage Gerrit L. Winne died, aged 64. 

4. Persons broke through the ice,, and were rescued 

with difficulty Died at Bed Bank, N. Y., George 

C. Heron, aged 53, a large property holder in Albany. 

5. Teams and cattle broke through the ice to-day at 

different points in attempting to cross the river 

Thomas Jordan, formerly of Albany, died at Troy, aged 
34. 

6. A fire about two o'clock in the morning, destroyed 



AnmU of 1855^ 321: 

two ancient buildings in the upper part of the city. The 

loss was about $6000 Theodore Bicknell died, aged 

30. Thomas Downey died, aged 23. 

7. Mrs. Mercy Matthews committed suicide by hang- 
ing herself with a skein of yarn; age 48. Harriet Big- 
elow died, aged 52. Mary Campbell died, aged 75. 

8. Phelps, the murderer, under sentence of death, es- 
caped from the jail at an early hour in the morning, but 
was arrested on the tow path, and brought back to this 
city Edward Artcher died, aged 49. 

9. Harriet N. Benjamin, wife of C. Cornwell, died, 
aged 24. 

10. Lydia J. Chollar died, aged 30. 

11. Ephraim Ketchum died, aged 57.* 

13. A fire at two o'clock in the morning destroyed a 
grocery corner of Hudson and Hawk streets. 

14. Anna, widow of James Vanderpool, died, aged 73. 
Elizabeth Taylor died, aged 02. John J. Roggen died 
at Pittsburgh ; formerly of this city. 

17. The anniversary of St. Patrick observed by the Hi- 
bernian Provident Society, who had a banquet at the Mer- 
chants' Hotel, in Broadway; also, by the Friendly Sons 

of St. Patrick, at Van Vechten Hall, in State street 

Rev. F. W. Schmidt, pastor of the German Lutheran 
Church, died. 

19. The ice moved away from that portion of the riv- 
er running between the pier and East Albany, but return- 
ed with the returning tide, and presented the phenom- 
enon of flowing up stream Augustus Waterman 

died, aged 28. ^ ■ ' 

20. The steamboat Oregon reached the dock at 7 o'- 
clock this morning, having encountered very little oppo- 
sition from ice till within a few miles of the city. The 
ice had nearly all left the river before it disappeared in 
front of the city, a thing almost unprecedented. The 
ice had just wasted away without the usual flood and 
the customary breaking up. The water was unusually 
low, the rain and snow of the last two months scarcely 
sufficing at any time to cause a rise in the river 

[Annahf viu] 28 



822 Amah of 1855. 

Bichard Yates, late of Albany, committed suicide in 
California by shooting himself through the head. Susan, 
wife of John Hastings, died, aged 63. Cornelius H. Clin- 
ton died, aged 56. Alexander McEensie died, aged 85. 

21. The steamer Austin with two barges arrived, be- 
ing the first tow from New York this season. • • . .Mary 
McFarland died, aged 54. 

22. Neil McCotter died, aged 67. Susan, wife of Jo- 
seph C. Henderson, died, aged 25. 

2S. Patrick Mulcahy died, aged 56. 

24. Franz Wachter leaped from the Isaac Newton 
steamboat and was drowned, aged 20. Alexander 
Sickles died, aged 18. Thomas Home died. 

25. S. W. Furman died, aged 24, Richard Fazackerly 
died, aged 20. John D. Doughty, formerly of Albany, 
died at Cincinnati, aged 44. 

27. The Gorernor commuted the sentence of Phelps 
the murderer, from death to imprisonment at hard labor 

for life, in the Clinton prison Lewis Clark died» 

aged 73. He had been engaged in the auction 
business a great many years, and was the senior partner 
of the firm of Clark & Blake at the time of his death. 
He was an ofiicer in the war of 1812, and being tall and 
athletic had a martial bearing. Wm. H. Bradstreet died, 
aged 44. John Lean died, aged 60. 

28. The New York steamboats, and the ferry boats 
grounded in the river, the water being lower than at any 
time during the remarkably dry season last year. 

29. Lewis Clark buried with military honors. ..... 

Sophia Muir died, aged 33. Lydia A. Hough died, aged 
21. Martin Stead died, aged 57. 

30. A fire at one o'clock in the morning destroyed a 
stable comer of Orange and Hawk streets, and burnt 

two horses and a cow. Loss $1400 Thomas J, 

Gibbons, died, aged 35. 

April, 

1. The diureh of St. Joseph was found to have been 
robbed of its sacramental vessels, valued at $300» . . . , . 



Annah of 1855. B28 

The farm house of Teunis Van Vechten, on the plank- 
road, beyond the almshouse, was destroyed by fire.... 
The wind blew a hurricane, unroofing houses and blow- 
ing down chimneys. The vane of St. Peter's Church 
was bent forty-five degrees out of line, and the cross 
on St. Mary's Church was carried away. The Peniten- 
tiary also sustained considerable injury. 

2. The gale continued with unabated fury during the 

whole day, doing much damage Two alarms of 

fire, but no damage done A woman named Doni- 

gan died of wounds said to have been inflicted by her 
husband. Rudolph Ziegenhorn, aged 28, committed sui- 
cide by shooting himself in the head. 

3. Mrs. Margaret Sloan died, aged 63. Roxana R., 
wife of John Cook, died, aged 53. 

4. Alarm of fire caused by the burning of goods in a 

milliner's window in Broadway The body of a man 

apparently long drowned, was washed ashore below the 
city. Hannah, wife of Charles A. Baker, died, aged 42. 
Fidelia Bowen died, aged 88. Margaret, wife of John 
McLachlan, died, aged 42. Bradford Crane died, aged 
45. Cretia Jackson died, aged 57. <* Aii humble colored 
woman, who will long be remembered with respect and 
affection by all who knew her. For more than fifty 
years she lived a domestic of Mr. Robert Boyd, and by 
her faithfulness had won the strong attachment of every 
member of his family, who treated her as a friend rather 
than a servant. Above all, she was a truly Christian 
woman, remarkably consistent in her conversation, and 
most ready to do what she could for the cause of her 
great Master. Her end was peace, and her memory 
blessed . — Argu$» 

5. Catherine Gaffit died, aged 80. Roswell Churchill 
died in New York, aged 78; formerly of Albany. 

7. Mrs. Elizabeth Robinson died, aged 64. Ellen 
Robbins died, aged 69. Almeda Vaii Dusen died, aged 
21. Joseph Wincher, a prisoner in the jail was found 
dead in his cell. 

10. The Delavan House was splendidly illuminated on 



V^ . AnmU of 1855. 

tiie ocoftsion of the passage of the temperance bill, and 
a sapper was giren to the friends of the measure. • • . . • 

City Bank stock sold for $1.41 the house occupied 

bj the late John Boardman, on State street, was sold far 
13,325. 

11. Mary, wife of Robert W. Litle, died. 

12. Mary H., wife of Joseph Burbanks, died. 

13. William McQueen, a noted machinist, died at 
Schenectady, aged 28. 

14. The legislature adjourned after a session of 103 
days ...... Patrick McGee died, aged #5. 

16., Lucy Gilbert Van Deusen, wife of David W. 
Groesbeeck, died, aged 70. 

17. The Albany Dime Savings Bank organized, John 

Winne, President Margaret, wife of James McOlure 

died, aged 46. 

18. The occultation of Venus by the moon was wit- 
nessed at 22 minutes before nine in the evening 

Keyes Stone drowned, aged ^. Mrs. Susanna Fryer 
died, aged 91. Rev. H. S. Smith died, pastor of the 
Methodist Episcopal church on Arbor Hill. 

19. Dyer Lathrop died, aged 67. He was born in 
Norwich, Conn., and came to Albany in 1811, where he 
resided until his death, in the capacity of a merchant. 
Upright, honorable and industrious, various trusts were 
confided to him. He was treasurer of the Orphan Asy- 
lum from its first organization, and frequently used his 
own money to relieve its embarrassments. He repeat* 
edly discharged the duties of the ofBces of Alderman and 
Supervisor with ability. He was the only merchant 
whose name appeared in the Directory of 1813, that had 
made no change in his business since that day. 

20. Lydia, wife of Levi Cornell, died, aged 51. John 
Henry Langguth died, aged 24. 

21. Truman S. Chiritree died, aged Si. 

23. William A. ^iver died, aged 45. Samuel Phipps 
died, aged 84. 

24. Anna, wife of Isaac Huddleston, died, i^ed 73. 
Mary, wife of John Newman, died, aged 54. Francis 



J$mah €f 1855. BS5 

Bryan died on his return from California, aged 53; foV- 
merly of the firm of John Bryan & Son. 

27. A fire on the corner of Hudson and Lark streets 
damaged the contents of a grocery, but was soon got un- 
der A fire in Montgomery street destroyed a safe 

maker's shop and tools; loss $500 James Holiday, 

formerly of this city, died at Auburn, aged 78. He was 
for a long time a justice of the peace for the town of 
Bethlehem, residing Just beyond the city line, and his 
court was a famo*us one, at which many singular cases 
were tried. He was one of the founders of the Hiber- 
nian Provident Society of this city, was its first Presi- 
dent, and held the office many years. For many years, 
and until the time of his leaving the county, he was a 
constant attendant at the First Presbyterian Church, of 
which he was a highly respected member. Some twelve 
years ago he retired from the active pursuits of life to a 
farm in the town of Cato, which he left two years be- 
fore his death, and resided at Auburn. He is charac- 
terized as a good citizeui a faithful friend, and an exem* 
plary Christian. 

28. The Albany Museum, which was opened by Henry 
Trowbridge at least as early as 1809, was closed up. The 
curiosities had been carted away some weeks before, and 
transported to another part of the country . it is believed 
to form a floating museum on the Mississippi. 

May. 

1. Business commenced on the canals A fire 

broke out in the garret of a house in Lydius street above 
the Cathedral, which was speedily subdued by the fire- 
men The cartmen charged such as moved one dollar 

and fifty cents a load. . .*. . . A total eclipse of the moon 

took place in the evening, beginning at 9.20m P. M 

James Fortune died, aged 25. Marie, widow of the late . 
H. L. V. D. Holstein, died, aged 55. • 

2. The Green street Theatre was opened by the late 

manager of the Museum, Charles T. Smith Gusta- 

vus Bacsko died, aged 65. 



326 AnnaU €f 1855. 

5. Rer. Samuel T. Seelye installed pastor of the Fourth 
Presbyterian Ghurebi •••• •Edmund James Young died, 
aged 21. 

6. Rev. Hbenezer Halley commenced his pastorate over 

the Third Presbyterian church Rev. S. T. Seelye 

began his ministry at the Fourth Presbyterian Church. 
• . • • . .James Gtemmel died, aged 42. Philena M., wife 
of J. L. Roser, died, aged 37. Rose, wife of James 
Gonnell, died, aged 62. John Hughes died, aged 49. 

7. Helena, wife of E. Emmons, Jr., died, aged 25. 

8. A sturgeon lO^feet in length, and weighing 350 lbs. 
was exhibited at the Centre Market. •....A policeman 
was attacked by an animal, at the corner of Lydius and 
Hawk streets, which proved to he a mink. The hens 
had been molested nights in that neighborhood, but no 
watchfulness could detect the depredator. None of his 
species had been known here for a long time. 

10. Hannah M., wife of John D^ Chism, died, aged 
34. 

11. A fire in Morton street, destroyed a small dwel- 
ling-house. 

13. Benjamin Oakley died, aged 77. Gen. Anthony 
Lamb, a resident of Albany in the early part of the pre-' 
sent century, died in New York, aged 84. ^ 

14. A law passed by the common council to prevent 
the use of martial music on Sunday, and imposing a pen- 
alty of $10 upon every one violating it Elias Gil« 

lespie died, aged 54. 

15. An alarm of..fire, caused by the burning of a ca- 
nal boat in the basin. • • • . .Mary Bell died, aged 80, 

16. Peter Johnson died, aged 29. 

17. George Skerrett died, aged 45. Maria L. Boyd, 
wife of Hooper C. Van Vorst, died in New York; fu- 
neral in Albany on the 20th. John C. Spencer died, 
aged 68. (See vol. vi, p. 307, et seq.) 

18. Margaret Gilchrist died, aged 21. 

19. Horace Pearce, formerly of Albany, was drowned 
at Williamsburgh, Long Island. 

22. Frances, wife of Isaac Jones, died, aged 24^ 



JmwJH of 1855. 88T 

93. Ezekiah C. Molntosh died. For many years 
Mr. Mcintosh was among the most prominent, enterprising 
and successful of our business men. and during the same 
time had not been less distinguished for his high personal 
worth and character, and his warm interest in religious 
and benerolent institutions. As a member of the late 
firm of E. & E. G. Mcintosh, having by integrity and 
trell directed industry secured a competent fortune, he, 
some eight or ten years ago, on the dissolution of that 
firm, withdrew from mercantile pursuits, and soon after 
accepted the Presidency of the Albany and Schenectady 
Railroad Gompany-^then laboring under financial embar- 
rassments. Under his able and efficient management the 
affairs of that company were soon placed in a sound and 
prosperous condition, and so continued with constantly 
improving prospects until the company was in 1853 
merged by the act of consolidation in the general line 
of the New York Gentral Railroad. 

At this time Mr. Mcintosh, with a view to pleasure 
and information, as well as relief from the cares of busi« 
ness by which he had been so long engrossed, sat out up* 
on an extended tour in Europe and the East. While 
thus absent, he was attacked with a severe illness, and 
returned in the fall in a very feeble condition. After his 
return, although hopes were at times entertained of hia 
restoration to health, they were variable and un- 
certain, and death unexpectedly put an end to his suffer- 
ings and to the ardent hopes of a wide circle of friends 
to whom he was justly endeared, and by whom his mem* 
ory will be long and fondly cherished. 

24. The funeral of John DeGroot, a native of Holland, 
was attended by the military companies and the Ger« 
man lodge of Odd Fellows. 

27. Lydia H., wife of Robert Davis, died, aged 80. 

28. A fire in Lark street consumed a stable and a 
horse John Moran died, aged 48. William May- 
ell died, aged S3. He came to this city in June, 1795, 
ft*om London, and opeqed his goods in a store on the east 
fide of Broadway, below. State street. He pursued the 



S» JmctU pf 1855 

business of a manufacturing hatter many years, was an 
active member of the Albany Mechanics' Society, which 
was composed of prominent men of various trades. He. 
was also a member of the Albany Institute for nearly 
half a century. 

^. David Newland died, aged 82. 

31. William Wallace died, aged 66. Eliza Hale, wife 
of Dr. ^H, D. Paine, died, 

June. 

1. Levi S. Littlejohn died, aged 58, 

2. John D. Carls died, aged 35. Mary, wife of Wil- 
say Hunter, died, aged 41. 

3. Michael Garrity died, aged 58. 4. Richard Morrell 
died, aged 61. 

5. Bebecca M., wife of Thomas Thacher, died, aged 
52. Catherine, wife of £. Mitchell, died, aged 25. 

6. Workmen commenced the demolition of the old 
State Hall, corner of State and Lodge streets. The ed- 
ifice was built in 1797, under John Jay's administration, 
and served the purposes of the state for about thirty-five 
years. 

7. Daniel Whiting died at Philadelphia, aged 87. He 
was admitted to the Albany bar about sixty years ago, 
and was one of the proprietors of the Albany C$rUineh 

11. The first high water of the season, which nearly 
reached the top of the docks. 

12. Michael Farren died, aged 26. 

13. An alarm of fire in the morning proceeding from 
a house in Orange street, occupied by several families ; 
damage small. .... The dry goods store of Fryer & Co., 
in Broadway, was robbed of a large quantity of goods* 
The burglars were traced to Castleton and jarrested, and 
all the goods recovered. They proved to be adroit 
thieves from New York, who came up to Castleton in a 
yacht, and were about to return when captured. . • . • . 
Cornelius Truax died, aged 82. 

. 14. George H. Nebmire died, aged 57. 



AmaU. of 1855. 8X9 

15. A fire in Canal street destroyed & ]ftrga stable, and 
five horses were burnt, 

17. Mrs. Sally, widow of George Vance, died, aged 7S. 

18. Mrs. M. M., wife of William Davis, died, aged 23. 
Edward W. Ford died, i^ 44. 

19. John Thornton died, aged 66. Christiana Rice, 
wife of John Dubois, died, aged 46. Hugh Robinson, 
formerly of Albany, son of John Robinson, died at 
Schenectady. 

20. Isaac B. Briggs, formerly of Albany, died at Brat- 
tleboro, Vt., aged 54. 

22. A child six years of age in attempting to catch 
rain drops, felt from the third story window upon the 
pavement, and received only a slight injury. 

23. A floral celebration by the pupils of Mrs. Oour- 
lay, took place at Mount Hope, which was conducted 
with so much ingenuity and propriety as to form a very 

interesting fete Russell Packard, formerly of Al* 

bany, died at Detroit, aged 49, John Van Zandt died, 
aged 80, [This is not the former cashier of the Bank 
of Albany, who still lives.] 

24. A fire corner of State and Lodge streets destroyed 

the contents of a grocery Rer. Duncan Kennedy 

preached his farewell sermon to the congregation of the 
North Dutch Church, of which be bad long been the 
pastor, 

26, Workmen commenced'pull- 
ing down the house No. 106 State J! 
street, the residence of J. V. N. / 
Tates dnring his lifetime. 

27, Rev.Mr.Halley wasinstal-j 
led pastor of the Third Presbyte- 1 
nan church, . The sermon was li 
preached by Rev. J. N. Campbell. | 
the charge given by Dr. W. B. I 
Spraguc, and the charge to the ■ 

people b^ Dr. Huntington, late Yit«Eio<i>n, 

pastor of the church. 

28, Isaac Linacer died. Benjamin Hoffman died, aged 



SSO AwiaU of 1835. 

64. He vras connected with the Evening Journal from 
1831 to 1842, as one of its publishers* Christopher B. 
Wait died. Dianthus 0. Fanning, late of Albany, died 
at Nicaragua, aged 43. 

29. First hot day of the season, 94^ in the shade • 

A camphene lamp exploded in the office of the Freie 
£^^<er, doing but little damage... ...Joseph Kirkland, 

aged 38, was killed by falling from .a wagon. Maria 
Dunbar died, aged 70. James Wilson died, aged 60. 

30. The thermometer in one locality rose to 99 de- 
grees in the shade Wm. A. Melius died, aged 36. 

John Lee died, aged 72. 

July. 

1. Thermometer 97 degrees Abigal Van Steen- 

berg, wife of Wm. B. Frisbee, died, aged 26. Rebecca 
Fonda died. 

2. Almira Putnam, wife of Robert H. Wier, died, aged 
37. Mrs. Mary Parker died, aged 71. 

6. A fire at half past one in the morning damaged a 
house in Green street near Hamilton. 

7. The first complaint under the new liquor law was 
made against the proprietor of the City Hotel. 

9. A race between two propellers took place on the 

riyer between Albany and Hudson Stewart Wilson 

died, aged 77. John F. Steele died, aged 34. 

11. A cricket match between the Albany and TJtica 
clubs resulted in the defeat of the Albanians by 3 runs. 
. . . .James M. French died. He was the son of Abel 
French; graduated at Williams College; studied law 
with his relative James McEown, then recorder; and, 
in 1812, became connected with the Albany Atlas, as ed- 
itor and publisher, , in which year he was an unsuccess- 
ful candidate for congress. In 1846 he left the Atlas 
and went into mercantile business. He was appointed 
pension agent in 1854; but disease had sometime before 
incapacitated him for actiire business. 

12. Mrs. Ellen Baldwin died. 

13. Stephen Hadley died, aged 49. 



1 



Jntialt of 1855. ^1 

14. John Hitchcock, one of the ancient skippers of 
the Hudson, died, aged 68. 

17. Thermometer at 97 Mrs. Naomi RadcIifT 

died, aged 90. 

18. Luke F. Newland died, aged 63. Few among us 
were better known or more highly respected. He was 
for more than a quarter of a century the life of the so- 
cial circle, and the favorite and friend of all who knew 
him. With fine literary taste he combined a profound 
appreciation of harmony, and contributed largely to the 
cultivation of the love of music which has so generally 
obtained in this city. He was a pattern husband and fa- 
ther, an unobtrusive Christian and a warm friend. He 
leaves behind him the odor of a good name, and all 
who knew him will ever cherish a grateful recollec- 
tion of his many virtues. Isaac Waterman died, aged 
71. 

20. Mrs. Rebecca Van Zandt died, aged 87. Mrs. £1- 
linore, wife of William Williams, died, ^ed 64. 

21. The last of the dwelling houses on the east side 
of Montgomery street, forming the block between S^teu- 
ben and Columbia streets, was demolished to mak^ room 
for the Central rail road. This was once a row of very 
elegant residences, and the site of the Female Academy 
for several years. 

22. Mrs. Rebecca Shaver died, aged 67. Richard Van* 
denburgh died, aged 63. 

24. The famous old North River steamboat Commerce 
sank in the river opposite Harlem Flats. 

28. A large reservoir in Lydius street, above Eagle, 
which had been built several years, caved in and present- 
ed a vast chasm. It was constructed of plank, and sup* 
plied from a spring. A great number of people were 
supplied by it, its vast capacity answering the severest 
tests by drouth. The pump which had been so long and 
actively exercised was swallowed up with nearly a hun- 
dred cartloads of earth and stones, and still there was 

room for more Margaret Cain died, aged 70. Pat* 

rick 0*ReUly died, aged 31. 



83S Annals of Albany. 

30. The demolition of the Atheneum building in Broad* 
way was begun, with the intention of erecting a banking 
bouse for the Exchange Bank and Bank of the Union. 

, August. 

8. Aaron S. Ward died, aged 80. 
4. Anne Fitzsimmons died, aged 50. Catherine Dickie 
died, aged .84. 

6. Elizabeth Hilton died, aged 70. 

8. Anna, wife of Sidney W. Seelye, died, aged 28. 
Maria, wife of Philip Luke, died. 

9. An alarm of fire at an early hour in the morning, 
was caused by the light of a fire in the direction of Troy. 

Thomas Newborg, a German, aged 64, was found 

dead in a barn in rear of 349 Bowery. 

11. An alarm of fir^ occasioned by the explosion of a 
lamp John Dickson died, aged 40. . Helen Feather- 
ley died, aged 35. John Hun Meads died, aged 20. 

12. A fire in a basement near the upper end of Wash* 
iiigton street was extinguished without much damage. 

1 3. A fire destroyed a stable in Washington street, in 
which a horse was burnt. There was a fire at the same 

time in Dallius street Gilbert C. Angus died, aged 

27. Mrs. Margaret Dunnigan died,, aged 42. 

15. A fire destroyed the cooperage of Charles Radcliff, 
which was the largest in the city, extending fr6m the 
track of the Northern rail road to the canal above North 

Ferry street Nathaniel Crocker, some years since a 

resident of Albany, died at Buffalo, aged 98. 

19. A fire broke out on the corner of Pearl and Van 
Bensselaer streets, which was extinguished before it had 

done much damage Mrs. Alice McAlister died, aged 

87. 

22. John V. S. Visscher died, aged 57. 

23. A great shower inundated the basements in many 
streets, turning the thoroughfares into foaming torrents, 
and carrying a\vay all obstructions in its impetuosity. It 
began about one o'clock. All the streets running east 
and west were soon filled to the top of the curbstones, 



JntMh of 1855. 333 

and in many tbo sideviralks were covered with an angry 
flood, which pouring into . basement windows and down 
the passages, caused great damage to household effects 
in particular, and soaking every thing in general. In 
State street the pavements were completely hidden, and 
large boulders and several of the foundation stones, to be 
used on the Geological Hall, were taken by the force of 
the water to the comer of Pearl street, and there de- 
posited. Dry goods boxes, fruit stands, and in one in- 
stance a horse and cart came down the street. At the 
corner of each intersecting street, huge piles of alluvial 
deposits were left as standing relics of the effects of the 
shower. On Howard street, below Lodge, nearly every 
basement was inundated. Furniture, stoves, &c., were 
completely ruined. So great was the current of water 
in this vicinity, that at the corner of Howard and Lodge, 
it passed through the first story or ground hall of several 
houses, and flooded all th» yards and cellars in the rear 
on Beaver street. At the corner of Beaver and Daniels, 
the pavements were torn up, and carried to Pearl street, 
as was also several cylinder stoves, left standing in front 
of Tread well. Perry & Norton's foundry. In Lydius 
street the damage was very great. The work of laying 
a new drain was under headway, and the street was 
excavated for a long distance. The flood poured into the 
opening with terrific force, washing away the earth and 
doing much damage. Many of the kitchens in this street 
were flooded. Near the dock were several large piles of 
sand which were swept entire into the river. On South 
Broadway, many cellars were flooded with several inches 
of water. The Marble Pillar was also nearly submerged 
in water. So sudden was the entrance of the water, that 
several present sprang into chairs to save themselves. 
The water came in with a rushing noise, as though some 
vast reservoir had suddenly been opened upon them. In 
all quarters of the city more or less damage was sus- 
tained by the overflow of drains and flooding of cellars. 
The storm, though extremely violent, did not last as long 
nor was the quantity of water that fell as large as on a 

[Annah, vii.] 29 



884 AnnaU of 1855. 

certain Sunday in 1848, but it was sufficiently defitructire 
enough to cause hope that another will not occur soon — 
if accompanied with the same consequences.-r^JE^xprtfs^. 
..••. .Eleanor Emma Jean, wife of Peter Smith died, 
aged 45. 

28. A torch light procession was got up as an escort 

to the Yacht Club Harriet A. wife of Edward 

Burt, Jr., died, aged 28. 

29. Charity, wife of Daniel Bede)!, died, aged 58. 
Thomas Hewson died at Greenbush, aged 90. He resided 
in Albany upwards of eighty years, and had voted at 
every presidential election from Washington to Pierce. 
He witnessed the entrance of Burgoyne into Albany. At 
the time of his birth, 1766, the city of New York con- 
tained 20,000 inhabitants, and Schenectady was the only 
city between the Hudson river and the Pacific ocean. 
Mr. Hewson was a master carpenter upwards of fiflty 
years. He assisted in building the old State Hall in 
1799, and the Capitol in 1806. During the war from 
1812 to 1815, he held the office of assistant quarter 
master, and was stationed at Sacketts Harbor, where he 
remained till the declaration of peace, 

September. 

2. Mrs. Margaret Buckbee, relict of Stephen Buckbee 
died, aged 29. Hebertie Lansing, widow of David Pruyn 
died, aged 83; a lady of exemplary piety and benevolence, 
who had done much towards establishing Sunday schools 
in the city at an early day. 

3. Thomas Magee died, aged 41. 

4. Charles 0. Dobbs died, aged 24. 

5. l?ev. George T. Simmons, sometime pastor of the 
Unitarian church in this city, died at Concord, Mass., 
aged about 43. 

6. The New World, the most successful and gigantic 
specimen of steamboat architecture in the world, made 
its first appearance at the landing. The New World was 
a creation of Isaac Newton, a native of Albany. 



Annah of 1859. 335 

8. Isaac Hutton died at Stuyvesant Landings itged 88; 
formerly a silFersmith at Albany. 

9. A fire about three o'clock in the morning, destroy- 
ed four wooden buildings in Montgomery street. 

12. Thomas Martin died, aged 49. 

13. The coal dealers subscribed $200 for tbe relief of 
the sufferers by yellow fever at Norfolk and Portsmouth, 
Va J. Stacey Phelon died, aged 29. 

16. Edward C. McCiintock died, aged 35. 

17. Mary Mesick died, aged 24. Wm. W. Eoser, a na- 
tive of Albany, died at New Orleans of yellow fever. 

21. John Cottle Huston died* aged 27. Mary Deyo 
died, aged 27. 

22. Oyrenus St. John died, aged 33. Olive Amelia 
BoUes, wife of Thomas Easterly died, aged 29. 

23. Accident on State street bridge; one hundred per- 
sons were precipitated into the water by the falling of a 
portion of the side. They were witnessing the extin- 
guishment of a fire in a canal boat. 

24. Mary Walsh, widow of Andrew H. De Witt, died. 

28. Mrs. Catharine Schuyler died at Watervliet, aged 
92. 

29. Sillick Mead of Albany died in New York, aged 72. 

OCTOBETR. 

i. Mr. Samuel Wilkeson became one of the editors of 
the Evening Journal^ in the palce of Thurlow Weed, who 
retired. 

2. Mrs. Catharine Burk, wife of James White died« 
aged 36. 

3. Oeorge B. Eiggs, formerly of Albany, and sometime 
captain of the steamboat Rip Van Winkle, died at Du- 
buque, Iowa. 

5. John Moore died, aged 37. 

7. The priests of the Roman Catholic diocese of Albany 
opened the first diocesan synod of the see of Albany, at 
the Cathedral, in the presence of several thousand spec- 
tators. 




8S6 Annals of 1855. 

8. Mary Ann, wife of G. A. Birch, died, aged 23. 

12. Helen Pruyn, wife of S. G. Wood, died, aged 24. 

13. Eliza M. Cook died at Poughkeepsie, eldest daugh- 
ter of the late John Cook of this city. She was buried 
from St. Paul's church on the 16th. 

14. William Finehout died, aged 49. Garret Hayes 
died at Springfield, Illinois, aged 30, formerly of Albany. 

16. A fire destroyed three wooden buildings on the 
pier, of small value and well insured. 

17. Albert Hayden died, aged 62, 

18. Mary Clemshire died, aged 69. Peter McQuade 
died, aged 77. 

19. Catharine, wife of Cornelius Brady, died, aged 55. 

21. Ann Crouch died, aged 62. 

22. Eliza Chase, died. William Bradford, formerly of 
Albany, died at Brooklyn, aged 62. 

23 Benjamin Turner died, aged 45. 
24. Seth Crapo, a merchant respected for his integrity 
and urbanity, died, aged 54. Frilla Pennet died, aged 63. 

26. Mary, wife of Charles M. Gillespie, died, aged 20. 

27. Christiana, wife of John Goldwait, died, aged 29. 

28. Hugh Johnson died, aged 29. 

80. Mrs. Margaret Kirkpatrick died, aged 62. She was 
a native of England, but had resided many years in Albany, 
where she was not less extensively known for her enter- 
prise and intelligence in business, which she conducted 
herself, prosperously, than respected for the charities and 
kindness daily and hourly extended to all who were des- 
titute and sick. — Journal, John Mangan died, aged 21. 
Margaret Bain, wife of Robert C. Campbell, died, in the 
61st year of her age. 

81. The hull of the steamboat Diamond, used as a coal 
barge, was run into and sunk at the foot of Hamilton 

street, with 200 tons of coal on board John Mofiat 

died, aged 65. 



Amah , of 1855. 

NorVEMBER. 

1. Elizabeth Smith died, aged 20. 

2. Augustus F. tend died, aged 24. Mary L. An- 
drews died, aged 73. 

3. An alarm of fire from the burning of a cabinet shop 
in James street; loss $300. Another from a dwelling 
house in Ferry street; damage slight Esther, wid- 
ow of the late Elisha Putnam died, aged 80. Mrs. Jo- 
hanne Dorr died. 

5. Thomas G. Copetand died. \ 

6. Election day — the Know Nothings carrying nearly 

all their candidates into office Michael Brennan 

shot at the polls in a riot ; agM 33. 

8. Elizabeth Crounse died aged 24. 

9. James Wilson died, aged 85. Wm. Van Rensselaer 
died, aged 62. ^ 

10. Rebecca Enower, daughter of the late Benjamin 
Enower, died in New York. 

12. Geo. W. Somarendyck died, aged 41. 

13. The body of Owen McGraw was found in the river 
at the foot of Cherry street, supposed to have drowned 
himself. 

14. Cornelia H., wife of Geo. Baker died, aged 20. 

16. William Russell died, aged 83. Judith , wife of 
James Clinton, died, aged 55. 

17. The wooden ware factory of Woolley k Harris, 
No. 120 Washington street, took fire in the evening and 
communicated to three dwellings adjoining, the upper 
stories of all of which were burnt, one man fatally in** 

jured, and several others wounded The first snow 

of the season fell in the city. 

18. John Gardiner died, aged 33. 

19. Dr. T. Romeyn Beck died, aged 64. An obituary 
notice will appear in the next volume of this work. 

22. Anna Belle w died, aged 20. 

23. Patrick Galvin died, aged 52. 

24. The basement of the Third Presbyterian Church 
was entered at night, and the communion service broken 



338 AnnaU of 1855. 

so as to render it useless The city was visited by a 

gale, which did considerable damage to property of vari- 
ous kinds. It blew down an ancient elm which was 
planted in the Dutch church yard on Beaver street, but 
which, sinde the widening of Uie street, has stood, with 

its fellow, outside the fence.' David Martin died. 

aged 70. 

25. Matthew Clark died, aged 56. 

29. Mary, wife of Hugh Tanney, died, aged 27. 

30. The canal was found to have been effectually 
closed by the chills of the preceeding night ; but not for 
the season. 

Deoembeb. 

?. Rev. Thomas Clapp Pitkin, late of Trinity Churchy 
New Haven, began his rectorship in St. Peter's Church. 
Maria, wife of Peter Cagger, died. 

4. Prof. Woolworth, of the State Normal School was 
elected Secretary of the Regents of the University in the 

place of Dr. Beck, deceased Rosanna, wife of Wm« 

Sugden, died, aged 32. 

5. Marcha, wife of James McClelland died. Anna 
Stacia Aikins died, aged 21. 

6. William Martin died, aged 28. 

8. The New York boats did not arrive till 3 o'clock in 
the afternoon, having grounded on Cuyler's bar. 

9. Franklin R. Ferry died at St. Paul's, Minnesota^ 
aged 40. 

10. Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of the late William Chap- 
man, died in Brooklyn, aged 83. 

12. Andrew W. De Witt died, aged 24. 

The canal was closed at all points, and the ice was 
beginning to form in the river. 

12. Angelica Van der Volgen died aged 83. 

14. The steam boat Nassau was burnt at 10^ o'clock 
in the evening, at her winter berth in the Basin. Loss 
115,000— insured $8,000. 

16. William Miller died aged 33. 



Annah of 1855. 839 

17. Joseph Alexander died, aged 91. He was former- 
ly president of the Commercial Bank, and one of the 
founders of the first sayings bank in Albany. He was a 
man of exemplary liberality, and one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the Second Presbyterian Church. 

Mrs. Caroline H. Miller died aged 23. 
The last canal boat was locked into the Hudson, and 
the canal closed for the season. v 

18. Jacob Van Ness died, aged 80. 

19. Elizabeth, widow of John Weaver, died, aged 81. 

20. Louis D. Pilsbury elected superintendent of the 

Penitentary, in the place of his father, resigned 

Miss Anna Mancius, daughter of the late Dr. Wilhelmus 
Mancius, died at Watervliet, aged 79. Catharine Ann 
Dunn, late of Albany, died at Wilmington, N. C; aged 
25. 

21. The river was crusted over so thick as to prevent 
the passenger boats from moving through it, and naviga- 
tion was said to be closed for the time; nevertheless, a 
tugboat forced its way up before night,.. ....An alarm 

of fire in the forenoon caused by the burning of some 
outhouses in the western part of the city. Another soon 

after arose from the burning of a chimney Mary 

Croogan died, aged 56. 

22. Great rain storm. .. William McCrossen, tried 

for the murder of Michael Brennan, acquitted. 

23. Edward McDonald died aged 29. Robert S. Wands 
died, aged 54. 

25. Hail, rain and snow fell during the whole day and 

evening, producing the first sleighing of the season 

E. G. Chesebro died, aged 43. 

26. Andrew McGuire died. 

27. The funerals of E. 6. Chesebro and Andrew Mc- 
Guire, were both attended by the military companies. 

28. Lucinda, widow of Capt. Isaac B. Hand, died, aged 
81. 

29. Narcisse Remond died, aged 43. John P. Tracy » 
ornamental writer, died. 



340 JmoU of 1865. 

80. Miss Sally Van Zandt died, aged 60 Letitia Groei- 
beck, daughter of the late Jacob D. Groesbeck, and wife 
of Nathaniel Lewis, late of Albany, died. 

31. Mrs. Kebecca Yates died, aged 73. Edward M, 
Gough, late of Albany, died in San Francisco of conges- 
tion of the lungs. 



(841) 



CEOSBT'S HOTEL. 



Many persons remember the queer building with its 
high wooden stoop that stood on the corner of South 
Pearl and Beaver streets, known as Crosby's Hotel, 
A great many curious incidents transpired there before 
it burnt down; and the Clinton Hotel rose upon its ruins. 
Among them is the following: "^me time between 
1820 and 1825, when Mexican revolutions were frequent, 
Don Lorenzo de Zavala, governor of the city of Mexico, 
left his country for state reasons, and spent two or three 
years in the United States, during which time he wrote 
a history of his travels in this country, which was highly 
spoken of for its impartiality and correctness. During 
a short stay at Albany he met, and bec'ame enamored 
with. Miss Amanda West, of Westerlo, who, at the time, 
was at service with Mrs. Crosby. She was a beau- 
tiful and intelligent girl, read romances a good deal, and 
frequently expressed a strong presentiment that she would 
one day be elevated to a h^h position in life. Zavala 
married her, and took her with him to Mexico, on the 
success of his party in a new revolution. He was after- 
wards sent to France as Mexican minister, when his beau- 
tiful Helderberg wife, with the aid of 'a French teacher, 
received some addition to a good country school educa- 
tion. On a subsequent visit to this country, Zavala 
realized a large fortune in the sale of Texas lands, and 
finally settled on a rich plantation on the Rio Trinidad, 
where he afterwards died, leaving his widow with four 
children. A fine river in Texas now bears his name. 
Mrs. Zavala's mother, previous to the first visit of the 
Don to this country, married a second husband* a German 
named Laupaugh, in Westerlo. 



(342) 



BXAMINATIONS 

AT A 

COURT OF INQUIRY AT ALBANY. 

IFrom NewYork Oolonial H&rtory, toI. t], p. 374.] 



At the Fort at Albany 11th Decemher 1745. 
Whereas. Captain John Rutheford having applyed to 
me for a Court of Enquiry relating to the condition of the 
Fort at Saraghtoga, before and at that time, when the 
Detachment was recalled, [summoned the following 
Officers, who were present, Yizt. 

Captain Hubert Marshall. President. 

Captain Thomas Clark 

Lieut: John Lindsay 

Lieutenants John Marshall and Stephen Eastwick. 
Lieut Edmund Blood, declared to us that he was pre* 
sent there, when his Excellency ordered a party: yizt a 
Sergeant, a Corporal and ten Private men to be posted 
in the Fort at Saraghtoga, upon these express conditions, 
that the Gentlemen of Albany (at whose desire he sent 
them) should immediately put the said Fort in good re- 
pair, also to make a Well and Oven; that His Excellency 
ordered him, in case these things were not done accord- 
ingly to withdraw the Men he having sufficient proof that 
there was neither Well nor Oven made, many other ne- 
cessary reparations not complyed with he would have re- 
called the Men long before they were, if Captain Ruthe- 
ford had not been here, and that he often advised Cap- 
tain Rutheford to recall that Detachment before he did it. 
Sergeant Convers, who commanded the above party 
being on duty at this time at Fort Hunter, the Corporal 
to the said party was called in and examined on outb; 
declared that he was Corporal at Saraghtoga and came 



Court of Inquiry at Albany. 34 S 

down with the Men when recalled, that there was neither 
Well nor Oven in the Garrison, the Floors above never 
laid, except the Floor in one of the Block houses, that 
the Roofs of none of the Block houses were made tight, 
and that they neither could keep themselves or arms ettc, 
dry when it rained ; that their powder was at last dam- 
aged notwithstanding they took the greatest care to pre- 
serve it. 

David Mahany Soldier being sworn, declared : he was 
one of the party at Saraghtoga ; that the Roofs in all the 
Block houses were leaky, no floors laid above or below, 
except the Floor in one Block house and that, considerably 
damaged by the rain, no Well or Oven in the Fort. 

William Schaw Soldier, being sworn, declared: as above 
that when it rained they could not keep their arms, 
amunition or clothes drye, and in no way could shelter 
themselves from the weather. 

Benjamin Schaw Soldier, being sworn declared as above 
and that most of the Soldiers, who had been on that 
party were attending at the^ door, ready as they said 
to swear to the same purpose, ettc But we thought the ' 
proofs so plain, as to need no further evidence. 

Captain Rutherford declared, that he had often applyed 
to Coll. Schuyler and to the Commissioners for Indian Af- 
fairs ettc, and told him that he had every day complaints 
from the Men posted at Saraghtoga of the hardships they 
suffered there, and if they would not repair the Fort as 
they had promised, he would be obliged according to his 
Excellency's order to withdraw the Men ; that he repeated 
this again and again, and nothing done ; he accordingly 
recalled the party agreable to his orders. 

Sergeant Convers who commanded the party had often 
begged to be degraded to a private Centinel, and that he 
had lost two of his best Men. by desertion, being assured 
by his companions that the hardships they suffered at 
Saraghtoga induced them to desert the service. 

Hubert Marshall 
Thomas Clark 
John Marshall 
Stephen Eastwick. 



( 445 ) 



INDEX. 



Abbey, E. K., 104. 
AblemaD, John, 315. 
Academy Park, 138, 158. 
Acres, Thomas, 104. 
African School, 185, 189. 
Agricultural Soc, 161, 319. 
Aikins, Anna S., 338. 
Albany Atlas, 330. 
Albany Centinel, 328. 
Albany Coffee House, 146. 
Albany Committee Correspon- 
dence, 203. 
Albany Library, 152, 149. 
Albany Morning Chron., 319. 
Aldermen, 1714, 21. 

1715, 36. 

1716, 58. 

1717, 68. 

1718, 81. 

1719, 140. 
Aldermen, fines, 8, 10. 
Alexander, Joseph, 137, 339. 
Allen, Jooylin, 302. 

Allen, Tilly, 104. 
Almshoase, 164. 
Ancient Documents, 97. 
Andrews, Mary L., 337. 
Andres, Gov., 266. 
Angus, Abraham, 167. 
Angus, Mrs., 313. 
Angus, G. C, 332. 
ApoUino, 143. 
Apple, Wm., 38. 
Apprentices, 175. 
Apprentices' Library, 148, 166. 
Armsby, J. H., 305. 
Arrests, No. of, 320. 
Artcher, Edward, 321. 

[Annah, vii.] 



Assessments, 14, 25, 36, 58, 69. 
Astronomical Journal, 308. 
Atheneum Building, 332. 
Auction duties, 135. 
Auctioneers, 145. 
Aulkey, Hubertse, 234. 
Austin, steamer, 322. 
Babington, Saml., 19, 39, 61, 63, 

Bachellors, tax on, 156. 
Backer, John, 98, 101. 
Backus, E F., 104. 
Bacon, John F., 104, 160. 
Bacsko, G., 325. 
Badger & Lion, 183. 
Bakers, 176. 
Bakers, (see bread.) 
Bakei-s, exorbitant, 30, 55. 
Baker, Capt., 257, 259, 263. 
Baker, Mrs. 323. 
Baker, Mrs. G., 337. 
Baker, Benj., 227, 231. 
Baldwin, Ellen, 330. 
Balloon ascent, 137. 
Bamman, E., 138. 
Bancroft, H. A., 105. 
Bancker, Evert, 234. 
Bancker, Gerrit, 86. 
Bank of Albany, officers, 138. 
Bank of Albany, 313. 
Bank of the Union, 332. 
Bank pressure, 139. 
Barber, John, 240. 
Barclay, Thomas, 21, 63, 79. 
Barclay, William, 154. 
Barnes, G. W., 105. 
Barracks, 226, 230. 
Barrett, Robert, 224. 

30 



446 



Initx. 



Bassett, John, 167. 

Batohelder, Matilda, 105. 

Bay, John, 211. 

Bayard, Col., 279. 

Beaver trade, 263, 266, 269. 

Beck, Caleb, 61. 

Beck, T. R., 148, 337, 338. 

Becker, Capt. John, 98. 

Bedell, Mrs., 334. 

Beer, price of, 30, 55. 

Bellmen, 37. 

Bellew, Anna, 337. 

Bell, Mary, 326. 

Bennett, Sala, 105. 

Bergen, 316. 

Bicknell, Theodore, 321. 

Bigelow, Harriet, 321. 

Bill of Fare at Poor Houfie, 165. 

Bingham, Joseph, 161. 

Birch, Mrs., 336. 

Bleecker, Barent, 146. 

Bleecker, John N., 210, 213, 

217. 
Bleecker, N., Jr.. 152. 
Boardman, John, 106, 324. 
Booking, Mrs., 185, 186. 
Bogardus, Anthony, 10. 
Bogardus, Domine, 89. 
Bogart, Giles, 158. 
Bogert, John, 140, 152. 
Bookhout, Mrs., 315. 
Boom, Johannes, 238. 
Bowen, Fidelia, 323. 
Boyd, Ann, 316. 
Boyd, D. W., 318. 
Boyd, Samuel, 109. 
Boyd, Thomas J., 313. 
Brady, Mrs., 336. 
Bradford, Wm., 336. 
Bradstreet, Wm. H., 322. 
Brainerd, Israel H., 105. 
Brat, Tennis, 14. 
Brat, Dirk, 18. 
Bread, assize of, 30, 55, 57, 140, 

143, 145, 148, 150, 153, 162, 

176. 
Breakey, Wm. 105. 
Brennan, Michael, 337, 339. 



Briggs, Isaac B„ 329. 

Brown, Allen, 106. 

Brown, Elizabeth, 313. 

Brown, Isaac, 105. 

Brown, Lucy, 105. 

Brown, Noidi, 141. 

Brown, Rufas, 106. 

Bruen, Rev. Mr., 190. 

Bryan, Francis, 325, 

Buckbee, Mrs., 334. 

Buel, Jesse, 161. 

Bulkley, Chester, 106. 

BuU, Captain, 282, 287. 

Burbankd, Mrs., 324. 

Bni^huy, 328, 337. 

Burrows, Charles, 107. 

Burt, Mrs. 334. 

Bushland, 39. 

Butler, B. P., 106, 133,' 155, 157. 

Buttre, Wm., 107. 

By-Laws of city, 170. 

Cagger, Mrs. Peter, 338. 

Cain, Margaret, 331. 

Caldwell & Solomons, 150. 

Caldwell, Wm., 156. 

Campbell, John C, 107. 

Campbell, J. N., 329. 

Campbell, Mary, 321. 

Campbell, Mrs., 336. 

Camphene explosion, 330. 

Canal closed, 338, 339. 

Canals open, 325. 

Canal originator, 141. 

Canoe express, 32. 

Cantonment at Greenbush, 168. 

Capitol, 134. 

Capitol Park, 151. 

Carls, Jolm D., 328. 

Carmen, 171. 

Camehon, Joseph, 318. 

Carson & Hall, 134. 

Carson, Thomas, 134, 140. 

Cartmen's charges, 325. 

Cartwright's commission, 97. 

Case, 107. 

Cashman, Mrs., 320. 

Casperse, Doritie, 19 . 

Castle, Mrs., 318. 



Index, 



447 



CastletoH bar, 144. 

Catholic Synod, 335. 

Cayugas, 269. 

Census, 1820, 151. 

Census, 1855, 201. 

Center, Asa H., 107, 141. 

Chamber of Commerce, 136, 152, 

153. 
Chambers^s visit, 1853, 94. 
Champlin, John, 151. 
Chapin, Sidney, 107. 
Chapman, Mrs. Wm., 338. 
Chase, Eliza, 336. 
Cheever, Samuel, 107. 
Chester, John, 108. 
Chester, Dr. 154. 
Chesebro, E. G., 339. 
Child, fall of a, 329. 
Chinn, Edwai'd, 152. 
Chinn, Margaret, 152. 
Chiritree, T. S., 324. 
Chism, J. D., 326. 
Christian, Esther, 318. 
Church collection, 160. 
Church porch, 42. 
Churchill, Roswell, 323. 
City bank stock, 324. 
City debt, 37. 
City prospects, 135. 
Clark, Aaron, 152. 
Clark, Daniel P., 108. 
Clark, Israel W., 156. 
Clark, Lewis, 322. 
Clark, Matthew, 338. 
Clark, Myron H., 313. 
Clark, Walter, 137. 
Clerk of Market, 175. 
Clemshire, Mary, 336. 
Clinton, C. H., 322. 
Clinton, De Witt, 133. 
Clinton, Gov., 145, 146. 
Clinton, Mrs.^ 337. 
Clowes, Timothy, 151. 
Coal dealers charity, 335. 
Coasting prohibited, 12. 
Cobus the loper, 257. 
Coeyman, And., 23, 24, 25. 
Cold, 163^ 164, 318, 



! Cole, John 0., 156. 

I College, effort to establish, 126. 

Collins, Mrs., 318. 

Colonial Manuscripts, 267. 

Colonie, 134. 

Combs, Mrs., 319. 

Commercial bank stock, 316. 

Commerce steam boat, 331. 

Commissaries, 258, 270. 

Common councils made public, 
133. 

Conunons, 62, 72. 

Comstock, Calvert, 313. 

Congregational church, 250. 

Conkling, Albert, 108. 
Daniel, 109. 

Conn. Memorialized, 280. 

Connell, Mrs., 326. 

Constitution rejected, 164. 

Constitution, revision, 157.' 

Convention, 160, 162, 293. 

Cook, Eliza M., 336. 

Cook, John, 133, 152. 

Cook, Mrs., 323. 

Cook, Mrs. H. P., 318, 

Cooper, Mrs., 182. 

Copeland, Thomas G., 337. 

Com viewers, 170. 

ComeU, Levi, 324. 

Coming, Erastus, 109, 309. 

Couchman, George, 109. 

County Geological survey, 148.' 

County Agricultural Society, 313, 
319. 

Court of Inquiry, 342. 

Courtney, S, G., 320. 

Covert, Hofiman, 1 10. 

Crandall, Wm. L., 319. 

Crane, Bradford, 323. 

Crapo, Seth, 336. 

Cricket match, 330. 

Crouch, Ann, 336. 

Crounse, Elizabeth, 337. 

Crocker, Nathaniel, 332. 

Crosby's Hotel, 341. 

Croswell, Sherman, 313. 

Cumming, Hooper, 156, 162, 167. 

Cunningham, Ichabod, 109. 



448 



Ind$s. 



Cunniiigliam, R., 320. 

Cuyler, Jacob, 217. 

Cuyler, Joh., 19. 

Cuyler, Joho, 234. 

Dam across the riyer, 136. 

Damages for polling down house, 

38. 
Danielse, Symou, 79. 
Davis, Nathaniel, 110, 139, 141. 
Davis, Mrs., 329. 
Davis, Robert, 327. 
Dearborn, Gen., 168. 
DeBruyn, Joh., 293. 
Debts of city, 19. 
De Groot, John, 327. 
De Laet, Johanna, 88. 
Delevan house, 323. 
Delemont, John, 234. 

Dellius, Dom., 286. 

De Peyster, John, 312. 

Dewandelaer, Joh., 19, 80. 
De Witt, Andrew, 338. 

De Witt, Mrs. A. H., 335. 

De Witt, Mrs., 320. 

DeWitt, R. v., 182. 

Deyermand, John, 158. 

Deyo, Mary, 335. 

Diamond, Mrs. 318. 

Diamond steamboat, 336. 

Dickerman, Hez., 318. 

Dickie, Catherine, 332. 

Dickson, John, 332. 

DiUingham, ?^Ir., 183. 

Dime Saving's Bank, 324. 

Discontent of soldiers, 222, 224. 

Dobbs, Chas. 0., 334. 

Dongan, Tliomas, 271. 

Donigan, 323. 

Donnelly, Mrs., 316, 

Dorr, Mrs., 337. 

Doughty, John D., 322. 

Douw, Volkert P., 217, 312. 

Draper, John C, 110. 

Draper, J. H., 110. 

Drisius, Samuel, 93. 

Drowned, 316, 323. 

Dubois, Mi-s., 329. 

Dudley, Chas. E., 137, 166. 



Dudley Observatorj, 303. 
Dudley, Mrs. Blandina, 304. 
Dumary, Mrs., 319. 
Dunbar, John, 9, 50. 
Dunbar, Marjn, 330. 
Duncan, Adaline, 319. 
Dunn, Catherine Ann, 339. 
Dunn, Christopher, 146. 
Dunnigan, Mrs. 332. 
Durant, Clark, 146. 
Durant, Wm., 141, 145. 
Dutch Church Papers, 232. 
Dutch Church almshouse, 232. 
Dutch Church almshouse lease, 

233. 
Dutch Church consistory send 

food to Palatines, 236. 
Dutch Ch. rebuild church, 237. 
Dutch Church build Domine's 

house, 238. 
Dutch Church, 14, 25. 
Dutch Church borrow to pay 

minister's expenses, 239. 
Dutch Church elms, 338. 
Dutch Church enlargement, 15, 

20, 21, 22, 23. 
Dutchess County criminals, 318. 
Eagle tavern, 138. 
Easterly, Mrs., 335. 
Eclipse of moon, 325. 
Eddy, J. M., 110. 
Edic, John, 110. 
Eights, Abraham, 142. 
Eights, Jonathan, 143. 
Eights, Dr., 152. 
Elections, 21, 36, 58, 68, 81, 140, 

145, 146, 157, 159, 166. 
Election Day, 337. 
Election returns, 157. 
Election senator, 318. 
Emmons, Mrs., 326. 
English church, 21, 29, 31, 32, 

35, 81. 
Englishman's sketch book, 195. 
Erie canal project, 155. 
Esleeck, Welcome, 156. 
Evening Journal, 330. 
Everston, John H., 165. 



Iui»*t 



441: 



Exchange bank, 332. 
Express speed, 141. 
Factions, 287. 
Fanning, Amos, 110. 
Fanning, D. 0., 330. 
Farren, Michael, ^28. 
Fast riding, fines, 11. 
Fazackerly, R., 322. 
Featherljr, Helen, 332. 
Feeney, Hugh, 318. 
Fees of officers, 166. 
Female Academy, 158. 
Female society, 155. 
Ferry boats, 314. 
Ferry controversy, 245. 
Ferry, F. R., 338. 
Ferrying, 231. 
Fifth ward, 134. 
Fine of aldermen, 10. 
Finehout, Wm., 336. 
Fire, 3l4, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 
321, 322, 323» 325, 326, 328, 
329, 330, 332, 335, 336, 337, 
338, 339, 154. 

Fure at Cherry Hill, 165. 

Fire masters, 9, 22, 43, t9, 71, 
83. 

Firemen, 172. 

Fire laws, 10. 

Fire prevented, 174. 

Fire in Troy, 148. 

First Presbyterian church, 250. 

Fisher, Capt. John, 110. 

Fisheries, 144. 

Fitzsimmons, A., 332. 

Floral Celebration, 329. 

Flour, freight of, 145. 

Forestalling prohibited, 174. 

Fonda, Rebecca, 330. 

Foot, EUsha, 111. 

Foot race, 315. 

Ford, Benj., 147. 

Ford, E. W., 329. 

Forsyth h Humphrey, 158. 

Forsyth, Russell, 151. 

Fort Orange, 267. 

Fortifications inadequate, 285. 

Fortune, James, 325. 



Fredenrich, John C, 156* 
Freemen, privileges, 10. 
Freie Blatter, 330. 
Freight expense to Buffalo, 135. 

160. 
Freight expense to'Pittsburg, 133. 
Freight to Cayuga, 145. 
French, James M., 330. 
French, Albany a bulwark a- 

gainst, 284. 
Friday, Benj., 111. 
Prisbee, Mrs., 330. 
Fryer, Susanna, 324. 
Funds for committee, 221. 
Furman, S. W., 322. 
Gaffit, Catherine, 323. 
Gale, 338. 

Galvin, Patrick, 337. 
Gkknnon, Dr., 160. 
Gansevoort, Leendert, 44. 
Gansevoort, L. H., 156. 
G^dner, John, 337. 
Garrison, 271. 
Garrety, Michael, 328. 
Gas, price reduced, 318. 
Gtemmel, James, 326. 
Gterritse's bouwery, 18. 
Gibbons, Thomas J., 322. 
Gibson, Henry, 319. 
GiJOford, Daniel, 111. 
Gilchrist, Margaret, 326. 
Gillispie, Elias, 326. 
Gillespie, Mrs., 336. 
Gladding, Timothy, 111. 
Glenn, Henry, 217. 
Gold wait, Mrs., 336. 
Goodrich, Eliz. A., 318. 
Gough, E. M., 340. 
Gould, Thomas, 145, 147. 
Gourlay, Mrs., 329. 
Grain market, 142. 
Grant to city, 28. 
Grant, Margaret, 111. 
Grassie, James, 111. 
Greveraet, Lysbet, 93. 
Grinnell, Lewis, 111. 
Grist mill, 79. 
Groesbeeck, C. W. & D. W., 145. 



450 



Ini$x» 



Oroesbeeok, Ifhi., 324. 
Gioesbeeok, Mrs., 154. 
Groesbeeck, Mrs. Wm., 162. 
Gun barrels, 225. 
Gaest, Heniy, 148. 
Gutter, 81. 

Hadley, Stephen, 330. 
Hail, rain and snow, 339. 
Hale, Daniel, 161. 
Hall, Green, 134, 140. 
Hallej, Ebenezer, 326. 
Halley, Rev. Dr., 329. 
Halliday, Hiram, 320. 
Hammond, J. D., 111. 
Hand, Mrs. I. B.,339. 
Hart, Urbane, 319. 
Hasey, Samuel, 112. 
Hastings, Susan, 322. 
Hawley, Gideon, 156. 
Hawlej, Samuel, 319. 
Hajden, Albert, 336. 
Hayes, Garret, 336. 
Heermans, J., 139. ' 
Henderson, Susan, 322. 
Henry, John V., 316. 
Henry, Joseph, 305. 
Heron, G. C, 320. 
Hewson, Thomas, 334. 
Heyer, Gerrit, 161. 
High water, 328. 
Highways, 13. 
Hills, Erastus, 112. 
HUls, W. R., 112. 
HUton, Elizabeth, 332. 
Hitchcock, John, 331. 
Hochstrasser, Paul, 140. 
Hoffman, Benj., 329. 
Ho£&tead, 78. 
Hog, large, 155. 
Hogan, Mrs.,- 320. 
Hogan, Wm., 146. 
Hogs, 175, 176. 
Hogs to be ringed, 30, 53. 
Hogeboom, P. S., 315. 
Holden, Mrs., 319. 
Holland, Jesse, 112. 
Holiday, James, 325. 
Holmes, Elias, 112. 



Holmes, John, 112. 

Holstein, Mrs., 325. 

Homes, Thomas, 322. 

Homoepathic Med. Society, 319. 

Hooker, Philip, 154, 241. 

Hooghberg, 101. 

Hopkins, Hannah, 112. 

Horth, Francis, 319. 

Hospital, 226. 

Hot day, 330, 331. 

Hough, Lydia A., 322L 

Houston, Sam», 320^ 

Howe, Silas B., 112. 

Howell, Maltby, 113. 

Hoyt, Geo. A., 146. 

Hoyt, Gould, 135. 

Huddleston, Mrs., 324. 

Hughes, John, 326. 

Hunter, Mrs., 328. 

Huntingdon, E. A., 314, 329. 

Huntington, George, 113. 

Hurd, J. N. M., 319. 

Huston, J. C, 335. 

Button, Isaac, 183^ 240, 335. 

Ice boat, 155. 

Ice broke through, 314, 315,. 

320. 
Ice broke up, 321. 
Imprisonment for debt, 135* 
Indenture of servitude, 234. 
Indian proposition, 273, 269. 
Indian trade,. 28, 270. 
Indians in senate,. 313. 
Indian regulations, 64, 66, 67, 83. 
Indian converts, 286. 
Indians in city, 223. 
Inscriptions, tomb stone, 104. 
Inspector of skins, 28. 
Jackson, Cretia, 323. 
James, Mrs. Augustus, 320. 
James, Daniel, 113. 
James, Wm., 137, 145. 
James, Robert & Co., 137, 145, 
James, Robert, 159^ 
Jan, Smits, 262. 
Jans, Annetje, 88, 89.. 
Jansen, Jacob, 235. 
Jenkins, Eli^ha, 137^ 139^ 



Index. 



451 



Jessup, Edwin, 113. 

Jermaiii, John, 113. 

Johnson, Hugh, 336. 

Johnson, James I., 313. 

Johnson, John A., 319. 

Johnson, Peter, 326. 

Jonas, Mrs., 326. 

Jordan, Thomas, 320. 

Joy, Miles, 113. 

Justice's court removed, 160. 

Kane, John, 137. 

Eeeler, James, 113. 

Eeeler, Charles A., 113. 

Keith, Laban W., 31». 

Kennedy, Duncan, 329. 

Kenyon*s ship yard, 137. 

Eetchum, Ephraim, 321. 

Ketelhuyn, Daniel, 20, 63, 77, 80. 

Keyser, John, 231. 

Kilboum, David, 114. 

King, Rufus, 114. 

Kirkland, Joseph, 330. 

Kirkpatrick, Mrs. , 33d. 

Knickerbocker, Herman, 316. 

Knickerbocker, Joh., 24. 

Knight, Emily, 319. 

Knower, Benj., 337. 

Know Nothings, 337, - 

Lacy, Wm. B., 166. 

Ladies inventory, 86, 

La Fleur, 15, 60. 

Lafontaine, Mons., 265. 

Lake Erie steamboat Co., 141. 

Lamb, Anthony, 326. 

Lancaster school, 134. 

Lansing, A. A., 166, 314. 

Lansing, Abm. J., 147. 

Lansing, G^rrit, Jr., 114. 

Lansingh, Jacob, 34, 230. 

La Parre, Mons^, 277, 

Lathrop, Dyer, 324. 

Lathrop, Harvey, 114. 

Lathrop, Ralph P., 318. 

Law suits, 25, 26, 27, 29, 31, 34, 

81. 
Lawrence, Thomas, 114. 
Leake, I. Q., 137. 
Leaman, Dirk, 1^62. 



Lean, John, 322« 

Lee, John, 330. 

Leeman, Orrin, 314. 

Legislation, 313. 

Legislative proceedings publish- 
ed, 164. 

Legislature met, 152, 163. 

Legislature adjourned, 167, 324, 

Legislative pay reduced, 156. 

Leisler, 281, 291, 295, 207, 

Lewis, Misses, 139, 

Lewis, Mrs., 340. 

Lewis, Mrs. Robert, 154, 

Lewis's tavern, 139. 

Ley, Gordon, 114. 

Library, Agricultural, 154. 

liightbody, Andrew, 148. 

Linacre, Isaac, 329. 

Lincoln, Orren, 114. 

Lincoln, Robert, 155. 

Links, 23. 

Linn, John Blair, 193. 

Liquors not to be sold without 
license, 42, 70. 

Liquor retailers, 173^ 

Liquor law, 330, 

Litle, Mrs., 324, 

Littlejohn, Levi S., 328. 

Littiejohn, N. S., 114. 

Livingston, Henry B., 223.. 

Livingston, Philip, 18, 28, 311, 

Livingston, Robert, 70. 

Livingston, R., 284, 291. 

Livingston, R., agent, 292, 295, 
300, 301. 

Livingston, Walter, 217. 

Livingston, Mrs. W. H., 318. 

Longevity, 141, 334,^335. 

Lord, Joseph, 316. 

Lord, B.W., 316. 

Lovett, John E., 141, 154. 

Low, Dr. James, 140„ 164, 

Low water, 338. 

Luke, Mrs., 332. 

Lush, Maj. John, 167. 

Lnsh, Stephen, Jr., 143. 

Lydius street filled, 138. 

Lydins street reservoir, 33 Xs 



452 



Indix. 



McAIister, Mrs., 332. 
McCammon, Wm. 116. 
McClelland, Mrs., 338. 
McCUntock, E. C, 335. 
McClure, Archibald, 183. 
McClare, James, 183. 
McClure, Mrs., 324. 
McConnell, Wm., 116. 
McCotter, Neil, 322. 
McCrossen tried, 339. 
McDole, John, 162. 
McDonald, John, 161. 
McDonald, Nancj, 315. 
McDonald, Rev. Mr., 18^. 
McFarland, Mary, 322. 
McGee, Patrick, 324. 

McGraw, Owen, 337. 

McGuire, Andrew, 339. 

McHarg, Wm., 241. 

Mcintosh, E. C, 327. 

Mclntyre, Archilald, 155, 157. 

Mclntyre, B., 313. 

McEensic, Alex., 322. 

McEewn, James, 116, 

McEinney, 116. 

McLaohlan, Mrs. 323. 

McNaughton, Finlaj, 116, 147. 

Mcpherson, George, 116. 

McQuade, Peter, 336. 

McQueen, Mrs., 324. 

Mack, Elisha, 114. 

Magee, Thomas, 334. 

Mancios, Mrs., 339. 

Mangan, John, 336. 

Manor lease, form of, 101. 

Manor privileges, 62. 

Market, 138, 174. 

Martin, David, 338. 

Martin, Thomas, 335. 

Martin, Wm., 338. 

Marvin, Uriah, 114. 

M&rvin, Henrj, 115. 

Marvin, Charles, 115. 

Mascroft, Wm., 115. 

Masonic Convention, 318. 

Mather, Elias, H5, 145, 14T. . 

Mather & Shome, 146. 

Matthews, Frederic, 115, 



* Matthews, Mercj, 321. 
Mayell, Wm., 148, 327. 
Major's court rule, 71. 
Meacham, Horace, 116. 
Mead, John, 141. 
Meads, John Hun, 332. 
Mead, Sillick, 335. 
Mechanics' Academy, 152. 
Mechanics' Society, 240. 
Mechanics' & Farmers' bank, 139. 
Medical School, 140. 
Megapolensis, Joh., 92, 178. 
Meigs, John, 148. 
Meigs, Rich, M., 116. 
Melius, W. A., 330. 
Memorial to Conn., 280. 
Memorial to Mass., 284. 
Merchants, Ancient, 324. 
Merchant, George, 155. 
Merselis, Guysbert, 226. 
Message of President, 141, 
Mesick, Mary, 335. 
Meteor, 167. 

Methodist Ep. church, 160. 
Mill regulations, 82. 
Milbom, 282. 

Militia regulations, 98. 

Miller, Christian, 150. 

Miller, Wm. C, 150, 182. 

Miller, Wm., 338. 

Miller, Mrs. Christian, 182. 

Miller, Mrs., 339. 

Millet, Mrs., 320. 

Mills, Chauncey, 117. 

MinSebrook, Henry, 319. 

Minister's salary, 92. 

Mink, 326. 

Miser, 319. 

Mitchell, Mrs., 328. 

Mitchell, Wm., 153. 

Moffat, John, 336. 

Mohawk Indians, 272. 

Mohawk Flats, 310. 

Montgomery street, 331, 

Moore, Dencey, 117. 

Moore, John, 335. 

Moore, John T., 137, 

Moore, U. V., 318. 



Index, 



453 



Morgan, Harry, 117. 

Morgan, Samuel, 117. 

Moran, John, 327. 

Morrill, Richard, 328. 

Morris, Mrs., 316. 

Morse, Henry, 118. 

Morse, James, 118. 

Mndder kill, 66, 57, 60, 77. 

Muir, Alex. M., 141. 

Muir, Sophia, 322. 

Mulcahy, Patrick, 322. 

Murder case, 142. 

Murdock, Mrs., 314. 

Museum, 146, 160, 325. 

Myndertse, Fred., 57, 79. 

Nassau steam boat burnt, 338. 

Navigation, 136. 

Navigation closed, 339. 

Navigation, proposed improve- 
ment, 144. 

Nehmire, G. H., 328. 

Negro burglar, 158. 

Neill, Rev. Wm., 164. 

Negroes, 172, 174. 

Newborg, Thomas, 332. 

Newland, David, 328. 

Newland, L. F., 331. 

Newman, Mrs., 324. 

Newton, Isaac, 334. 

New Worid, 334. 

New York, distance of, 160. 

Nicholson, John, 167. 

NicoU, Francis, 217. 

Nicolls, Col., 257. 

NicoUs confirms Jer. Van Rens- 
selaer, 97. 

North ferry, 157. 

Norton, Wm., 315. 

Noyes, Enotjh, 118. 

0*DonneU, Terence, 160. 

O'ReUley, Pat., 331. 

Oakie, Miss, 183. 

Oakley, B , 326. 

Oath of aUegiance, 40, 43, 44, 45, 
46, 48, 50,. 52. 

Olcott, T. W., 305, 308. 

Olmstead, David, 154. 

Olmstead, John I., 118. 

Onondagaci, 269, 274. 



Oranienburgh, 195. 

Oregon steam boat, 321. 

Orphan Asylum, festival, 316. 

Ostrander, Theodore, 145. 

Oxen, fat, 163. 

Packard, Russell, 329. 

Paine, Mrs. 328. 

Palatines, 236. 

Palmer, Ray, 251. 

Papskni island, 101. 

Paragon steam boat, 143, 151. 

Parker, Joseph, 313, 314. 

Parker, Mrs., 330. 

Parker, Nathaniel, 118. 

Parker, Phillip S., 118. 

Parker, PhiUp, 118. 

Parks, Charles, 151. 

Parsons, J. B., 119. 

Patterson, Wm., 156. 

Paul, Rev. Mr., 187. 

Pavements, 73, 79. 

Paving, 13. 

Pawns not to be taken of soldiers, 

42, 75. 
Pearce, Horace, 326. 
Peck, Hannah, 119. 
Peloubet, balloon, 137. 
Pemberton, Ebenezer, 119. 
Pemberton & Mitchell, 153. 
Penitentiary. 323. 
Pennet, Frilla, 336. 
Penniman, Obediah, 150. 
People impoverished, 283. 
Pepper, Calvin, 161. 
Perkins, O. R., 305. 
Phelon, J. S., 335. 
Phelps, Elisha, 213, 216, 219. 
Phelps, Philip, 148, 168. 
Phelps respited, 316. 
Phelps, 321, 322. 
Phipps, Samuel, 324. 
Pilgrim anniversary, 164. 
Pilsbury, Amos, 318. 
POsbury, Lewis D., 339. 
Pitkin, T. C, 338. 
Plain, laid oi^ for sale, 63, 66. 
Plimpton's musical instrument, 

143. 
Pohlman, Henry N., 158. 



454 



Index. 



Poblman, Miss E., 189. 
Police salaries, 147. 
Pond, Aug. P., 337. 
Poor house, 164 
Population 1855, 200. 
Pork, scarcitj, 218. 
Postage to New York, 150. 
Post office removed, 164. 
Pouglikeepsie criminals, 318. 
Powder, 214, 219, 225. 
Powder, Baker's proposal, 227, 

231. 
Powell, Wm., 150. 
Pratt & Durant, 145. 
Prentice, Gideon, 119. 
Prentice, E. P., 119, 309. 
Prentice, John H., 120. 
Preston, Asaph, 120. 
Prisoners, 219, 228, 229, 231. 
Proyincial convention, 202. 
Provincial congress, ^3. 
Proyincial cougress, delegates 

from Albany, 217. 
Pruyn,. Mrs. David, 182, 334. 
Public square, 151. 
Pugsley, Mrs., 189. 
Putnam, Mrs. E., 337. 
Quichtecook, 16. 
Radcliff, Charles, 332. 
Radcliir, Mrs., 331. 
Rain, 316. 

Rain storm, 315, 332, 339. 
Ramo Samee, 138. 
Randel, John, 149. 
Rattery, Rev. Mr., 189. 
Rawson, Mrs., 314. 
Real estate valuation, 154. 
Redden David, 120. 
Reelman, George, l41. 
Register, Albany, 157. 
Reid, John, 160. 
Relyea & Wright, 148. 
Remond, Narcisse, 339. 
Rensselaerwyck, 259, 266. 
Rents, 16, 17, 18, 51,53, 61,78,80. 
Revolutionary incidents, 204. 
Rice, Joseph T., 140. 
Rice, Nathan, 120. 
Richards, Beth, 319. 



Riding down hill, 12. 
Riggs, G. B., 335. 
Rip Van Winkle boat, 335. 
River open, 144, 166, 314. 
River obstructions, 144. 
River closed, 313,339. 
River improvements, 135. 
Robert's vlakje, 28. 
Robinson, Hugh, 329. 
Robinson, Mrs., 323. 
Rockwell, John, 120. 
Roelofs, Eatrijn, 88. 
Rogers, Jedediah, 120. 
Roggen, John J., 321. 
Rombouts, Francois, 87. 
Roorback, Junius W., 163. 
Roorback, A. H., 163. 
Roorback, Capt., 143. 
Roseboom, Gerrit, 218. 
Roser, Mrs. 326. 
Roser, William W., 335. 
Rosie, John, 278. 
Round flat, 16, 17, 18. 
Row-boat, for despatch, 229. 
Rude, Hannah, 121. 
Rum street, 73. 
Russell, Wm., 337. 
Ryckman, Peter, 39, 51. 
Salaries reduced, 143. 
Salaries unsatisfactory, 157. 
Salisbury, Capt., 101. 
Saltpetre, 228. 
Sanders, Barent, 9. 
Sanford, Eliz. P., 121. 
Santfort, Cornelius, 226. 
Saunder's school, 151. 
Savings bank, 143, 147. 
Savings bank, 167. 
Sawyer, Nathaniel, 121. 
Schaghticoke, 12, 13, l4, 15, 16, 

24, 28, 31, 37, 61, 63, 54, 60, 

63, 74, 78, 80. 
Schenectady, 286. 
Schmidt, F. W., 321. 
Schuyler, Mrs. C, 335. 
Schuyler, David, 161. 
Schuyler, Geertruyd, 91. 
Schuyler, Peter, 12. 
Schuyler, Philip, 155, 202. 



Index. 



465 



Schuyler, Philip, letter from, 215. 

Schuyler, Philip, recommended as 
Maj. Gen., 207, 210. 

Schuyler ,Philip, complains of dis- 
ease, 228. 

Scow for public use, 100. 

Second Presb. church, 339. 

Second Presb. burial ground, 104. 

See of Albany, 335. 

Seelye, Mrs. 332. 

Seelye, S. T., 320. 

Service, menial, 235. 

Sewant, 234. 

Seymour & Co., 151. 

Seymour, Win., 145, 149. 

Sheep drowned, 314. 

Shaw, Mrs., 315. 

Shaver, Mrs., 331. 

Sherman, Geo. S., 121. 

Sherman, Watts, 121. 

Shipboy, Thomas, 167. 

Sickles, Alex., 322. 

Sill, Sidney P., 121, 

Silver ware stolen, 167. 

Silvester, Peter, 217\ 

Simmons J G. T., 334. 

Siver, Wm. A., 324. 

Skerrett, George, 326. 

Skinner, Erastus D., 121. 

Skinner, E. W., 241. 

Slavery meeting, 141. 

Sleighing, 339. 

Sloan, Margaret, 323. 

Sloop launch, 137. 

Smith, A. P., 121. 

Smith Elizabeth, 337. 

Smith, H. S., 324 

Smith, Mrs. Peter, 834. 

Smyth, Charles, 133. 

Snow, 337. 

Snow disappeared, 316. 

Snyder, H. W., 152. 

Snyder, Mrs., 320, 

Soldiers, destitute, 221, 223. 

Soldiers directions, 258. 

Soldiers enticed to drink, 56, 77. 

Soldier's pawns, 42, 75. 

Soraarendyck, G. W., 337.^ 



Southwick, P. M., 161. 

South wick, Henry C, 154. 

Southwick, Sol., 137, 164, 166. 

Spencer, John C, 152, 326. 

Spencer, John, 137. 

Spencer, Joseph, 121. 

Spitsenbergh, T. C, 259. 

Spouts, 73. 

Sprague, W. B., 329. 

Spring, Sophia C, 121. 

Staves, 172. 

St. John, J. W., 318. 

St. John, C.,335. 

St. Joseph's church, 322. 

St. Mary's church, 323. 

St. Patrick, 321. 

St. Peter's church, 323, 338. 

St. Peter's sab. school, 188. 

Staats's island, 101. 

Staats, E. A. 316. 

Stafford, John, 121, 141. 

Stage broke the ice, 153. 

Stage to Montreal, 133. 

Stage to Niagara, 135. 

Stage speed, 143. 

Stage to Utica, 148. 

Star, Chandler, 122. 

State bank officers, 139. 

State bank, attempt to rob, 158. 

State of the country, 203. 

State Hall, old, 328. 

State Library, 95, 133. 

State Medical Society, 318. 

State street bridge fell, 335. 

State street market, 142. 

Stead, Martin, 322. 

Steam boat captains, 156. 

Steam boat fare, 143, 159. 

Steam boats aground, 338. 

Steam boat Livingston, 160. 

Steam boat music, 160. 

Steam boat detentions, 162. 

Steam boat trips, 146. 

Steam boat fare, 147. 

Steam tug race, 330. 

Steele, John F., 330. 

Steel, Sally, 122. 

Stevenson, James, 122. 



456 



Index* 



Stewart, Adam, 122< 
Stockades, 24, 25, 36, 44, 45, 52, 

56, 80, 82. 
Stone, Keys, 324. 
Stores at Albany, 210. 

Storm, 166. 

Strangers, 171. 

Streets to be cleaned, 30, 53. 66, 
173. 

Streets repaired, 72. 

Streets, new, 24, 67, 58* 

Stringer, Samuel, 213. 

Strong, Adonijah, 211. 

Sturgeon, 326. 

Sturgeon trade, 255. 

Sugden, Mrs., 338. 

Summerfield, John, 160. 

Sunday Schools, 161, 162, 173. 

Sunday music prohibited, 326. 

Sunday school officers, 138. 

Surveyors, 173. 

Swan & Thorpe, 148. 

Swart, Dirck, 211, 217. 

Swart, Gerard, 259, 262. 

Swine, 175. 

Tabor, Job, 122. 

Taney, Mrs. 338. 

Tate, Thomas, 122. 

Taylor, Elizabeth, 321. 

Taylor, John, 182. 

Teller, Helena, 87. 

Teller, Wm., 87. 

Temperance fete, 324. 

Ten Broeck, Abm., 202, 217. 

Ten Broeck, Dirk, 29. 

Ten Broeck, John, 218. 

Ten Eyck, Catalina, 313. 

Ten Eyck, Hendrik, 9. 

Ten Eyck, Tobias, 312. 

Test oath taken, 40, 43, 44, 45, 

46, 4S, 50, 52. 
Thacher, Mrs. 328. 
Thanksgiving first observed, 

133. 
Theatre, 325. 
Thermometer, 318. 
Thespian room, 142. 
Third Presb. church, 337. 
Thomttn, John, 329. 



Tiononderoga, 13, 28. 

Tomhannoc kill, 17, 18« 

Torch light procession, 334. 

Townsend, Absolom, 163, 179. 

Townsend, Isaiah, 127. 

Tow boats, 322. 

Tracy, John P., 339. 

Trade, 258. 

Trade regulations, 11. 
. Trade slender, 280, 283, 298. 

Transit of Albany, 94. 

Transportation, 145. 

Travel, slow, 94. 

Trial of cause, 34. 

Troops for Albany, 302. 

Trooi)8, expenses of ferrying, 231. 

Trotter & Douglas, 137. 

Trowbridge, Henry, 145, 160* 

Troy, great fire, 148. 

Truax, Abm., 51. 

Truax, Cornelius, 328. 

Tuf&, Israel, 122. 
Tuffs, Lucien, 122. 
Tuflfe, Joshua, 122. 
Turner, Benjamin, 336. 
Turnpike to New York, 165. 
Tweed Dale, W. A., 188. 
Tymisson, Marietie, 236. 
Union college, 126. 
United States, steam boat, 159. 
Unitarian church, 334. 
Upfold, George, 179. 
Upfold, Mrs., 185, 186. 
Uranian hall, 183, 187. 
Van Brugh, Joh., 89. 
Van Buren, Martin, 122. 
VanBuren, J. M., 123. 
Van Buren & Butler, 157. 
Vance, Mrs., 329. 
Vandeveer, TeunisJ' 123. 
Van Cortland, Mrs. P., 155. 
Van Curler, Arendt, 261, 262. 
Vanderheyden, D. L., 152, 160. 
Vanderheyden, David, 151. 
Vanderheyden, Dirk, 17, 18. 
Vandenburgh, Richard, 331. 
Vanderpool, Mrs. J., 321. 
Vandervolgen, A., 338. 
Van Driesen, Petrus, 14, 20, 40. 



Index. 



457 



Van Dnsen, Almeda, 323. 

Van Dyok, Hend., 74. 

Van £s, Elizabeth, 86. 

Van Hensen, Mrs., 314. 

Van Loon, Peter, 137. 

Van Ness, Jacob, 339. 

Vaa Rensselaer, 259. 

Van Rensselaer, KU., 266, 267. 

Van Rensselaer, Jer. confirmed, 

97. 
Van Rensselaer manor, 62. 
Van Rensselaer, N., 265. 
Van Rensselaer, Philip, 218. 
Van Rensselaer, P. S., 152, 153. 
Van Rensselaer, Mrs. Philip S., 

314. 
Van Rensselaer, Robi., 217. 
Van Rensselaer, Sol., 156, 164, 

165. 
Van Rensselaer, Stephen, 166, 

187, 304. 
Van Rensselaer, Wm., 337. - 
Van Schaick, Anthony. 167. 
Van Schaick, Col., 3l4 
Van Schaick, Goose, 221. 
Van Schaick, John, 143. 
Van Schelluyn, Dirk, 44,73, 160. 
Van Schellnjn, Ck>melins, 62. 
VanVechten, Abm., 137. 
Van Vechten, Mrs. Abm., 150. 
Van Vechten, Dirk, 16. 
Van Vechten, D. K., 145, 149. 
Van Vechten, John, 161. 
Van Vechten, Tennis, 141. 
Van Vechten, Tobias, 231. 
Van Voorhuydt, Lysbet, 91. 
Van Vorst, Mrs., 326. 
Van Zandt, John, 329. 
Van Zandt, Mrs., 331. 
Van Zandt, Sally, 339. 
Vedder, Arent, 35. 
Vedder, Corsit, 18, 31, 77, 82. 
Venns, occnltation, 324. 
Vemor, John, 166. 
Veneberg, 61, 80. 
Viellat, Jean, 229. 
Vinhagen, Joh., 53. 
Visger, Joh., 31. 



Visger, Jacob, 80. 

Visscher, Col. John, 162. 

Visscher, J. V. S., 332. 

Visscher, Matt, 220. 

Visscher, Sebastian, 167. 

Vos, Andrew, 24. 

Voters, 1855, 200. 

Wachter, Franz, 322. 

Wait, C. B., 330. 

Wait, Samnel, 123. 

Waldron, Peter, 9, 

WaU, John, 320. 

Wallace, Wm„ 328, 

Waltz, Eliz., 315. 

Wands, Robert S., 339. 

Ward, Aaron S., 332. 

Warner, Ellas, 152. 

Warrant of attorney, 71. 

Washington's birth day. 156. 

320. 
Water, low, 322. 
Waterhonse, A. A., 123. 
Waterman, Aug., 321. 
Waterman, Isaac, 331. 
Watson, Elkanah, 141, 155. 
Weaver, Mrs., 339. 
Webster, C. R., 240. 
Webb, Nathan, 123. 
Weir, Mrs., 330. 
Wells, 22, 50. 
Wemp, Jan, 27. 
Wendell's flats, 52. 
Wendell, Harmanns, 18, 20. 
WendeU, Peter, 143. 
Werden, John, 266. 
West, Amanda, 341. 
Westerlo, Eilardos, 239. 
Wessels, Derick, 278. 
Wheat, prices, 162. 
Whipple, Benj., 137. 
Whirligig, 168. 
White, Elizabeth, 226. 
White, Hugh, 318. 
White, Mrs. James, 335. 
White, J. E., 123. 
Whiting, Daniel, 328. 
Wilcox, Nathan, 123. 
Wilder, Ephraim, 123. 



81 



468 



Ini$t. 



Wilkinson, Samuel, 335. 
Willard, John, 123. 
Willemsen, Machtelde, 92. 
WilUams, Denison, 123. 
Williams, Mrs., 331. 
Williamstad, 267. 
Wilson, James, 330. 
Wilson, Samuel, 124. 
Wilson, Stewart, 330. 
Wincher, Joseph, 323. 
Wind, 323, 338. 
Winne, Frans, 9. 
Winne, G. L., 320. 
Winne, John, 324. 
Winslow, Richard, 124. 
Weed, Thurlow, 335. 
Wilson, James, 337. 
Women's convention, 319. 
Women of olden times, 86. 
Wood market, 142. 
Wood, Mrs. S. G., 336. 
Woodworth, John, 137. 



Wood worth, l>rof., 338. 
Worcester, John, 124. 
Worth, Wm., 125. 
Worth, Thomas, 125. 
Wyckoff, T. F., 315. 
Wyngaert, Claes, 9. 
Yates, Abraham, 213, 217, 220. 
Yates, Abraham Jr., 202. 
Yates, C. C, 152. 
Yates, J. V. N., 136, 329. 
Yates, Mrs., 340. 
Yates, Richard, 322. 
Yates, Robert, 217, 218. 
Yellow fever charity, 335. 
Young, Mrs. Eliza, 320. 
Yonng, E. J., 326. 
Young, George, 125. 
Young men's association, 318. 
Young, William, 180. 
Zavala, Lorenzo de, 341. 
Ziegenhom, R., 323. 



LIST OF BOOKS 

PUBLISHED BY 

Joel Munsell, 78 State Street, Albany, N.T. 



Considerftble interest being now manifissted, among "book col- 
lectors, in the snbject of American Local History, the attention of 
such is requested to the following list of respectable works in that 
line, and to all others the suggestion is respectftilly made, that a 
library of American History is at least a suitable appendage to the 
household of every American <»tizen. 



Betail 
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History of Herkimer Conntyy including the Upper Mo- 
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Life and Times of Gen, John Lamb, an Officer of the Re- 

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defection, and his correspondence with Washington, Clinton, Patrick Henry, 
andotherdistinguishedmenofhistixne. By ISAAC Q. LxAXX. lToL8yo,432 

pp. Portrait and Maps. Sheep, • W 00 

This is a yalnable contribution to the history of the Amorican Bero* 
Intlon, presenting a mass of new ftcts in relation to the preliminary 
moyements of the principal actors in that great drama, derired from 
the papers of Gen. Lamb, and other sonrces not before inyestigated. 

History of St. Lawrence and Franklin Connties, New 

Yoric, from the earliest period to the present time. By P. B. Hough. 1 yoL 

8yo. Portraits, maps and cuts, doth, • 0© 

History of Schoharie Connty, and Border Wars of New 

York, By J. B. Snocs. 1 yoL 8yo, sheep (scarce), * W 

Hotes on the Iroquois, or contributions to American 

Bthnology, chiefly in relation to the AborigfaiBl History, Population and An- 
tianitifls of Western New York. By H«fRT E. Sohooiotaw, 2 colored ^^ 
traits (King Bendrik and Pocahontas). 1 yoL 8yo, doth........................ S W 

History of Jefferson Connty, in the State of New York, 

from the earUest period to the present time. By F. B. Hotoh. 1 yol.. 8yo, 
maps, portraits and cuts, doth, .....".... • 00 



>••■•... 



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Albany, 1847. 2 yols. 8yo, >i sheep, « • ^ 

Cases of Personal Identity, 1 vol. 8vo, i cal^ .% i • i w 



2 

Bnrgoyne's Oanipaigiif itn origintl, compiled and correet- 

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Oct 7, 1777, from fhe mort auUMottio soozom of inlbnnatkm, iaduding many 
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American (Genealogy, being a HiBtory of some of tEo 

Early SetUen of North America and their Desoendants, from their first emi- 
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i»i»iii^<wg notices of promfoent fimiUeB and dJettnguisbedJndiTidnak, witb 
•needotes, traditions, oketehes of the ftrnHftag ef cities, tillages, maiiors, 
•nd jgogreasive JmpioTemflnts of the ooantry from its wildumess state *» 
the prewmt eratUliutisted bj gqnealogical tables. By JEBxadt B. Holoats. 
X ToL Md^ hi Turkey Bioroooo,.^..^ - - 5 00 

American Geology, containing the Principles of the Sci- 

enee and their AppUcation to ADning, etc., by Dr. E. Eiacoini, 1 toL 8to, 
iUnstrated on stone and wood, m • S. Oe 

ATini^ff of Albany. By Joel Munsell. 7 vols, l^mo, 7 oe 

Its contributions to history and antiquities contain much that is 
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No one has done more to recall the andent features of the dty. Oo- 
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^pographical Hiscellany. (Historical and Practical.) 
ByJ. Mqhsul. 1toL8vo Cloth, « 100 

Webiter'e Cal»ldar, or the Albany Almanac; Astrono- 
mical calenlatlons prepared witii aocuraoy and care, and copyrighted by. 

J.MinrBxz£. 8dpp., 12mo, paper, OS 

This is the oldest ahaanae now published in the United States, hav- 
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Vreauent calls being made tat back numbers, considerable pains 
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Catalogue of the Library of the Albany Institute. 1 toL 

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The Model Pastor: Life, &c., of Rev. Elisha Yale, D. D. 

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Conversations on the Present Age of the World in con- 
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Memorial of Ambrose Spencer, former Chief Justice of 

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Map of the City of Albany, colored and bound in cloth, 25 

Every Day Book of History and Chronology, embracing 

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