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Thirty-five years ago — 1868— at the request of otir 
Society, I compiled from its records — which happily had 
been preserved intact — an edition of Annals which, com- 
mencino' with the foundation of the Institution, was 
brought down to the Centenary Celebration, 26th March, 
1868. An edition of three hundred copies was published 
and distri])uted, and, in the course of twenty-fi\"e years, 
had disappeared, Init the good effect of its publication 
had been so evident to the Society, that another edition 
was considered necessary, and T was again honoured by 
being entrusted with its issue. 

This second edition was duly compiled and i)ublished 
in 1894. It was, like the first, limited to three hundred 
copies, but the volume was on a larger scale, and included 
the history of the Society from its foundation onward, 
one hundred and twenty-five years, to the 30th Novem- 
ber, 1893. 1^1""-' ten years which ha\e elapsed since that 
date have witnessed many changes in our Society's 
social progress. Its wealth and infiuence have enabled 
it to keep abreast of the age, and in acquiring many new 
members, it has by no means forgotten the men of old, 
and the memories which cluster around those of former 
generations, who so nobly contributed, by their means 
and example, to build up and transmit the usefulness 
and prestige of the Institution. 


Influenced by many patriotic motives, the Society 
recently decided to publish, on a more elal^orate scale 
than heretofore, a third Volume of Records, which would 
not only cover the intervening ten years since last publi- 
cation, but would include portraits and short historical 
notes of our most distinguished Presidents, orators and 
benefactors, and also of a few conspicuous members^ 
not always office-holders, who had served faithfully the 
Institution, keeping to this aim — that a historv of a 
bod}', and not a number of individuals, was the end in 
view. This very praiseworthy commission was again 
committed to me to carry out, and in the volume now 
submitted, I have endeavoured to meet the well-under- 
stood wishes of the Society. 

Thus, portraits have been inserted of many leading 
members who, from the foundation in 1768. have in their 
generation been among the brightest and best of the 
citizens of Halifax — men whose features and careers 
are worthy of preservation, and whose names are associ- 
ated with all that tends to advance the interests of 
our Society, as well as the intellectual and mercantile 
progress of our community. 

I have to acknowledge the kindness of many friends 
who so willingly loaned for copy, photos and portraits 
of valued members which appear in this volume, and also 
to those who furthered the work by placing at my dis- 
posal documents and letters necessary to the framing of 
the historical notes, which have all greatly facilitated 
the production of this volume, bringing a connected 
history of The North British Society of Halifax down 
to date — one hundred and thirty-five years since its 
formation. 26th March, 1768. 

James S. ^^Iacdonald, 

Saint Andrew's Day. 1903. 


Title Page 



Portraits and Biographical Notes 

Illuminated Illustrations : 

Royal Arms of Scotland Frontispiece 

Scottish Standards 405 

Annals, 1st Vol.— 1768 to 1868 1 to 40.3 

" -ind P:dition-1868 to 1S98 407 to 604 

" 3rd Edition — 1 894 to 1903 604 to 660 

Addenda-1904 661 

Active Roll of North British Society. 1903 : 

Perpetual 665 

Ordinary 666 

Honorary 668 

Funds 671 

Act of Incorporation 673 

Dalhousie College Scholarship 674 

List of Members 1768 to 1903 675 

List of Office-bearers 695 

Rules of Society 699 

Historical Sketch of Roval Arms and Standaids of Scotland. 715 



X'nn.-s. Portraits Bh'jraphkal 

A ote^. 


Aiiiiand, William Hon 509 535 

Anhihald, Donald 601 6C0 

Baxter, Robert 57 1 577 

Black, John Hon 1 15 114 

Black, Jas. S. Rev. , D. IJ 630 631 

Bowie, William 1 37 136 

Boak, (Jeorge E 619 618 

Bremner, John 87 73 

Bremner, Jas. J. Lt. Col 463 462 

Brown, Rev. Andrew, 1). 1) ... . 57 56 

Biiist, George .300 301 

Brj'mer, Alexander Hon 25 24 

CampVjell, Sir Colin 222 223 

Campbell, John B 339 33s 

Campbell, (ieorge S 595 594 

Campbell, Duncan 355 354 

Campbell, Rev. John 465 462 

Campbell, Dr. (ieorge M 651 649 

Cameion, Col Aylmer 543 599 

Clarke, Dr. Duncan 51 45 

Crawford, Samuel 4."8 457 

Dalhousie, Knrl I43 ]42 

1 )oull, John 305 304 

Duncan, Hon. Heiny, R X S3 81 

Esson, John 256 257 

Forrest, Rev John, I) I) 564 565 

Forrester, Alex. Rev., D. D. . . . 273 272 

Forbes, John 553 617 

Fra.ser, Jame.s Hon 100 101 

Fraser, Robert W 346 347 

Fraser, C. F , LL. D 567 570 

Cillcspie, John 8 12 

(Uirvie, Hon. William .. 428 4.55 

Cibson, John 19] jgQ 

(ieddes, Charles 1 10 ] 1 1 


Portraits. Notes. 


Gordon, Rev. 1). M., U.D 5S0 628 

Gordon, Lt. Col. Charles 491 490 

Gray, Rev Archibald, D. D 123 122 

Gray, James F 1G9 168 

Grant, William, Senr 280 281 

Grant. William, Jr 239 238 

Grant, Rev. George M., I). 1) 493 490 

Grant, Rev. Chas. M 415 413 

Halliburton, Dr. John Hon 3') ,34 

Halliburton, Sir Brenton 140 147 

Halliburton, John C 421 418 

Halliday, James 502 503 

Irving. Lt Col. Jas. 1) 639 638 

Keith, Hon. Alexander 186 187 

Lorne, Manjuis . . .5\1 559 

Macdonald, Major Andrew 19 18 

Macdonald, Robert 217 216 

Macdonald, James 8 484 489 

Macdonald, Lt.-Col. Chas. J 523 529 

Macdonald, Chief Justice ... 505 503 

Macdonald, Prof. (Miarles 349 348 

Macdonald, John 329 328 

Mackintosh, John 309 308 

Mackintosh, James C 514 515 

Macdougall, Lt. i\en. Sir P. L 527 526 

Maclean, John S 335 334 

Mackenzie. George 277 281 

Mackay, AH 604 605 

Macleod, Alexander 1 59 158 

Mackinlay, Andrew 293 292 

Mac(4regor, Lt. Col. 93rd Regt 219 216 

Maclnnes, Hector 648 649 

Maclnries, John 590 

Martin, Rev. John, M. A 232 2-53 

Mitchell, George P 227 226 

Mitchell, George 557 556 

Muir. John P 488 489 

Murdoch, William 261 262 

Murray, Donald 288 289 

Murray, William 419 418 

Murray, Hon. Geo. H 655 654 

Murray, Howard Prof 580 634 

Noble, Robert 1:07 206 

Ogilvie, Lt. (ien. James 59 56 

Pollok, Rev. Allan, D. D 541 540 


Portraits. Soles. 


Reid, Hon. Thomas S. 808 35t 

Richardson, John 2J5 244 

Romans, Robert . 202 203 

Russell, Geo. N lo4 155, Hon. W 591 

Ross, Peter 312 31,3 

Scott, Rev. .John, M. A I77 lyg 

Selkirk Earl 103 105 

Sedgewick, Hon. Judge 538 539 

Sinclair, John A 323 322 

Smith William 91 (J5 

Stephen, Alexander, Sr 35 1 343 

Stephen, Alexander, Jr . . 533 532 

Ste'vart, Anthony 43 42 

Stewart, .lames Hon 69 gg 

Stewart, Alex. Hon. C B 198 199 

Stewart J . J . 549 

Strange, Chief Justice 77 

Strachan, John, Sr 284 285 

Strachan, John, Jr .... 56-2 555 

Sutherland, William . . 1^3 \q2 

Taylor, Capt. John 315 314 

Taylor, George H 575 654 

Thomson, James . 249 248 

Wallace, Hon. Michael 30 31 

Watt, .John . .... 296 325 

Young, Hon John (Agricola) 174 175 

Young, Hon. William 267 365 

Young Chief Justice 364 365 

Young, John Brooking 412 413 





The North British Society was the first of those 
national and patriotic Associations which have been 
formed in Halifax, having been instituted on the 26th 
day of March, 1768, in the nineteenth year of the settle- 
ment of the City. On the same day Saint Andrew's 
Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons was organized and 
chartered, having been founded by John Taylor and sev- 
eral others of those who were founders of the Society. 

Of the founders, few traces remain, except in the re- 
cords of these two kindred Associations. A portrait of 
John Gillespie, the first ^Moderator of the Society; four 
letters of John Taylor ; several transfers of property by 
John Geddes, is about all extant ; and were it not for their 
connection with the Society and Lodge their names would 
have long since been forgotten. The changes which 
necessarily occur in the lapse of a century have not only 
afTected the membership of the Society, but have efifaced 
some of its prominent characteristics as well. The cir- 
cumstances connected with the settlement of the Capital, 
fostered among those of its population who shared not 
only the same privations and dangers in their new abode, 
but the same fondness and recollections of the Old Coun- 
try, a union of feeling and conviviality of spirit, which 


have been lessened in later years. As is well known, the 
Scottish element predominated in Halifax from the period 
of its settlement down to a recent date, giving to the com- 
munity most of its leading men, and maintaining the good 
fellowship and charitable disposition which generally 
characterize that element. 

The objects which our founders had in view appear to 
have been the assistance of Scottish emigrants landing in 
the Colony, and the establishment of a medium of com- 
munication with kindred Societies in the neighboring Pro- 
vinces (under which name were included the Colonies 
which subsequently obtained their independence), as well 
as the maintenance of a friendly feeling among the 
Scotchmen resident in the community, and those who 
visited the country for the purposes of trade. That the 
North British Society usefully served these ends is 
made apparent by its history. It gave to the emigrant 
the assistance which he could not otherwise have found 
in a strange country, and which in many cases led on to 
success and fortune. It relieved the distressed, nurtured 
a patriotic feeling, and co-operated, to a moderate extent, 
with such institutions as the Thistle Society of New 
York, St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia, and Scots' 
Charitable Society of Boston, the latter having been 
founded as early as 1657. These objects it accomplished, 
notwithstanding that for a considerable time its member- 
ship was small and its funds inconsiderable. 

As stated before, the Society was formed on the 26th 
day of March, 1768. The first meeting was held at the 
house which still stands at the corner of Granville and 
Salter Streets, then the residence of Mr. John Taylor; 
and at that meeting the Constitution and By-Laws which 
follow, and which bear evidence of that careful thought 
and good principle which have secured the stability and 
usefulness of the Institution, were unanimously adopted. 

" Articles of the North British Society, to be held at 
the house where the members of said Society shall think 


most proper, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, to commence from 
this day, 26th March, 1768. 

" The due consideration of these articles is such, that 
Whereas sickness and death are the common lot of all 
mankind, in order therefore to assist each other, as much 
as in us lays, we, the subscribers, do bind ourselves into 
a Society under the name of The North British 
Society, or Scots Club, for the benefit of ourselves and 
assistance of each other, who may be afflicted with dis- 
ease or any other casualty or misfortune, in body, which 
God of his providence shall be pleased to send upon us. 
We do therefore by these presents, for the benefit of said 
Society, agree to and oblige ourselves to each other, to 
observe the following articles, under all the restrictions 
and penalties hereafter mentioned : 

" Article i. Every member joining this Society shall 
pay seven shillings and sixpence, to be deposited into the 
Box, and one shilling for the good of the house the first 

" Article 2. That a proper Box be provided, at the 
charge of the Society, with three locks and keys, those 
keys to be kept by proper persons appointed by said 
Society, for to keep said money in, as may be delivered 
into said box, from time to time, all the money that shall 
arise for the benefit of said Society. 

" Article 3. That no person is to be admitted a mem- 
ber of this Society, who is above the age of 45, or is not 
in apparent good health, or is of a scandalous character, 
or is not a Protestant, unless he be chosen by a majority 
of the members present, when application is made on his 

" Article 4. The Society shall meet the first Thursday 
of every month, at the house that the majority shall think 
most proper, from the hours of seven until nine in the 
evening, from the 26th March until 29th September; and 
from 29th September until 26th March, to meet from the 


hours of six to eight in the evening, at which time each 
member shall pay the Treasurer one shilling for the use 
of the box, and sixpence for the benefit of the house 
where the Society may meet according to appointment. 

" Article 5. The Society shall choose a Foreman or 
Moderator, and also two Stewards, the first night of meet- 
ing, unto whom all things relating to the Society shall be 
proposed, and by him or them put to vote in said 

" Article 6. That in case of any hurt or bodily disease 
of any member, the member so afflicted shall inform the 
Moderator or one of the Stewards, who shall report his 
condition to the Society, to know what may be proper 
to be done for the assistance of such sick member. 

'■ Article 7. That in case of any member continuing 
sick any considerable time, and may have occasion of 
watchers, each member in his turn shall watch with 
said sick member, beginning with the eldest and ending 
with the yoimgest, and shall be allowed proper Refresh- 
ment each night, according as the Moderator and the two 
Stewards may think proper, at the charge of the Society. 

" Article 8. That in case of the death of any member 
the charge of the coffin, pall, grave, and attendance, shall 
be taken out of the Box. Six scarves, six hat bands, six 
pairs of black gloves, and six oairs white gloves shall be 
purchased out of the Box as soon as circumstances will 
allow, and likewise as much as can be afforded to be 
given to the widow and children of the deceased member, 
for their assistance ; the scarves and gloves to be returned 
into the Box. 

" Article 9. That no member shall be allowed any 
benefit from the Society's Box until he has been a mem- 
ber one year complete, and has duly paid contributions 
and fines, as is mentioned in these Articles. 


" Article io. That if any member shall leave the Pro- 
vince for any length of time, and shall on his return pay 
into the Treasurer of the Society one shilling for each 
month he has been absent, for the use of the Box, he shall' 
still continue a member of it, and be entitled to all the 
benefits arising therefrom. 

" Article ii. That a book be provided, at the expense 
of the Society, wherein shall be inserted all the members' 
names, and their proceedings from time to time, in which 
these Articles are to be inserted, with the payments made, 
fines, account of cash in the Box, and call over the mem- 
bers' names, in order that if any member shall be absent, 
that he may be fined or excused, as the Society shall 
direct, which book or books shall be open to the Society 
every meeting. 

" Article 12. That if any member shall at any Monthly 
Meeting, or in Club hours, or at the time of business, 
presume to blaspheme the name of Almighty God by 
cursing or swearing, for every such offence he shall pay 
for the first the sum of sixpence, for the second one shil- 
ling, and sixpence is to be added at every time that such 
oftence may be repeated, for the use of the Box. 

" Article 13. Any member who shall not attend the 
funeral of any deceased member, after he being duly 
warned, shall forfeit the sum of two shillings and six- 
pence for the use of the Society. 

" Article 14. That if any member shall absent himself 
three monthly meetings, and cannot give sufficient reason 
for his so doing, he shall pay into the Box one shilling 
over and above his monthly contribution. 

"Article 15. Upon the Moderator striking with some 
implement on the table, there is to be a most profound 
silence ; any member offending against said Rule to pay 
sixpence for the use of the Box. 

" Article 16. No liquor to be called for but by the 
Moderator or Stewards for the use of the Society. Any 


member offending in this case is to pay for whatever he 
may call for himself. 

" Article 17. No member is to leave the room with- 
out the consent of the Moderator, or to pay into the Box 
sixpence, as it will be deemed an offence. 

" Article 18. As our General Festival is kept on the 
thirtieth day of November, annually, in commemoration 
of Saint Andrew our patron, we therefore think proper, 
on that day, to choose such persons to regulate the 
Society as the majority of the said Society may judge 
most fit to regulate them. 

" z\rticle 19. That if any member absents himself 
from this Society upon a meeting night, after being duly 
warned, and does not send a sufficient excuse, he shall be 
fined sixpence ; if an officer, one shilling : and if the Mod- 
erator, double to any officer. 

" Article 20. Any member found guilty of a breach 
of any of the foregoing articles shall be immediately fined 
by the Moderator, without putting it to vote in the 

To the foregoing articles we subscribe our names. 

John Taylor, Walter Harkness, 

John Gillespie, John Geddes, 

William Scott. Donald Morrison, 

William McLennan, James Thomson, 

Robert Killo, John McCrae, 

James Clark, \Mlliam Luke, 

John Fraser, Thomas McLennan. 





As the first minutes cannot but prove interesting, I 
shall copy them without abridgment from the original. 

Proceeding Ye ist. 

It was agreed on by the majority of the Society met at 
ye House of Air. John Taylor, Tuesday 29th March, 1768, 
to duly elect Mr. John Gillespie Moderator. William 
Scott and Thomas McLennan were duly elected Stew- 
ards, and Mr. James Clark, Secretary. It was agreed on, 
to meet the first Thursday of every month following, but 
John Gillespie having occasion to go to Philadelphia, ap- 
pointed John Taylor to act as Moderator for the time 
being, and James Thomson, a Cabinetmaker, was ordered 
to make a Box and Mallet. 

Dr. the Box. £. s. d. 

To bal. by ye Society 4 2 6 

To James Clark's fine o o 6 


Remains in the Box £2 15 8 

Cr I 7 4 

Contra. Cr. 

£. s. d. 

By cash for a Box 012 o 

3 locks and 3 keys for do o 3 4 

Painting the Box o 2 6 

A Book for ye Society o 7 o 

Nails for the Box o i 4 

I quire paper o i 2 

adjourned to May 5th, 1768. 


May 5TH. 1768 — Proceeding 2nd. 

At the House of John Taylor it was agreed by the 
Society that any person who has not yet made appHca- 
tion shall at any time before the next meeting, on his 
being admitted, be allowed the same privilege as the pre- 
sent members, on his paying the full arrears from the 
first day of the Society's meeting until the time of their 
entry. It is also agreed that our friend Thos. ^IcLennan 
is to warn all the members the next day of meeting. The 
Society closed at nine of ye clock in good order. 

Cash left in the Box this nig-ht £3 19 8 

At the House of John Taylor, 

Halifax, 2nd June, I/68. 
Proceeding the 3RD. 

It is unanimously agreed that the Annual Feast of this 
Society be held on the thirtieth day of November, yearly, 
it being St. Andrew's Day. If it should happen on a Sun- 
day, then it is to be kept the next day following. 

It is further agreed that persons applying to become 
members of this Society may be admitted upon the same 
terms as at the beginning of the Society, notwithstanding 
the rule of last night's meeting, to continue until the 
next monthly meeting be passed, and no longer, except 
on further consideration. 

Paid to the Box £0 17 o 

Remains in the Box 4 16 8 

July 7TH. — Proceeding the 4TH. 

Mr. John Gillespie, Moderator of the Society, having 
returned from Philadelphia, has taken charge of the 
Society this night, and had the implements of his office 
delivered to him, also a true account of the Society's cash 
then in the Box, and then took the Chair. 


Amount of cash brought forward. . . . £4 16 8 

Paid to the Box o 12 o 

Remains in the Box this night £5 8 8 

The Society closed at a quarter past nine o'clock. 

August 3RD. — Proceeding the 5TH. 

The Society met at the house of John Taylor. 

Amount of cash in the Box. brought forward. . £5 8 8 

Paid to the Box o 12 o 

The Society closed according to their usual harmony. 

Sept ist. — Proceeding 6th. 

The Society met at the house of John Taylor. 

It is unanimously agreed that the Box, and whatever 
money may at anv time be in it, be kept by the Moderator 
for the time being, at his own house, for the better 
security of the same. Also that this Society shall hold 
three monthly meetings at each member's house, that 
keeps a house of entertainment, in their proper turns. 
This motion was made from considering the distressed 
condition of a member through sickness, as well as from 
their mutual inclination of assisting each other. 

Amount of cash in the Box, brought forward. . £6 o 8 
"Received in the Box 012 o 

Remains in the Box this night £6 12 8 

The Society closed in great harmony, as usual. 
From this time on, till the November meeting of 1769, 
Ave find but little to note. The meetings, as already 
shown, were held monthly, but little business was trans- 
acted, as the sphere at that early period in the history of 
Halifax and of our Society w^as but limited. The Society 
met monthly, called the roll, paid the dues, and after 
slight refreshment, separated for their homes ; but no 
doubt their meetings, monotonous as they appear noted, 
were events in the month of each member, and were' 
punctually attended by our founders. 


Biographical Notes — 1768. 

John Gillespie, the first President, came out to Boston 
in 1747, from Aberdeen, and was in a general trading 
business between Boston, Xew York and Port Royal, 
Jamaica, until 1764. when owing to losses in trade, he 
came to Halifax, and opened a store on the Beach, near 
the Ordnance Wharf. His house was at foot of Blowers 
Street, on Granville Street, near John Taylor's. He died 
ist June, 1772. Several of his descendants are now liv- 
ing in Baltimore and Xew York. 

John Taylor also was a native of Aberdeen, and came 
out to Xew York in 1760. a general trader. He came to 
Halifax in 1762, and built a house at corner of Granville 
and Salter Streets. It was a pitched roof, one storey 
building, with a veranda around it. Taylor was popular 
and made money. Alex. Brymer was his friend, and 
patron. The Society was formed at Taylor's, who for 
years was a leading Mason and member of St. Matthew's 
Church. He returned to Aberdeen in 1779. 

James Thomson was a native of Edinburgh, a cabinet- 
maker. His shop was near the Parade on Argyle Street. 
He left Halifax in 1780. and returned to Scotland. 

John Geddes was here in 1755. His store was on the 
Beach in 1760. He returned to Glasgow in 1772. He 
,vas uncle to Charles Geddes, who was President in 1806. 



The Society met at the house of W'm. McLennan. 
This being the last meeting before St. Andrew's Day, 
the Society proceeded to elect officers to rule the Club 
for the ensuing year, when the following were elected : 
John Gillespie, Moderator (re-elected) ; 
John Taylor and John MacCrae, Stczvards; 
James Clark, Secretary. 


The Society agreed to dine at the Moderator's house on 
St. Andrew's Day. the 30th instant, and this because 
WilHam McLennan could not undertake to prepare the 
dinner. The Society considered this a very fair reason. 

November 30TH. 

The Scots Society met at the house of John Gillespie, 
Moderator. The Society proceeded to install their new 
officers, as before named ; this done, an elegant dinner 
was tabled, to which several gentlemen of this town (our 
countrymen), not belonging to the Club were invited. 
After dinner, many loyal toasts, healths and sentiments 
were drunk, with the memory of St. Andrew in the con- 
clusion of every one of them ; in fine, the day was 
crowned with the utmost festivity, mirth, jollity, and 
ancient Scottish song. 

Small comment is required on the above ; that they 
must have had a good time, the next minutes of meeting 
will testify, which read thus : 

December /th. 

The Scots' Society met at John Gillespie's, being the 
first meeting after the joyous celebration of St. Andrew's. 

In the Box. ... £ 16 9 o 

Post Captain George Elliot, R.N., of the 64 gun ship 
Thetis, became a member. 

From this time until the meeting of 7th June, 1770, 
nothing of interest appears to have transpired ; but at 
that meeting Mr. Peter McNab (from whom the present 
well-known family are descended) was pleased to ofifer 
himself as a member, and was unanimously elected. 

Biographical Note — 1769. 

James Clark, the Secretary, was a well-known mer- 
chant and tallow-chandler, and general storekeeper. His 
shop was on Hollis Street, on the present site of the Bank 
of Nova Scotia. He served as Secretary from 1768 to 
1776, and was a great favorite in the Society. 


Peter McXab was a native of Inverness, Scotland. He 
came out to Halifax in 1754. was an enterprising business 
man, and leased a part of Cornwallis Island, now McNab's 
Island, and employed a number of men fishing, and 
sent his trading vessels to Boston and Philadelphia. He 
amassed wealth, and was for many years a most popular 
member of the Societv and town. 


At the September meeting the Society was visited by 
Mr. Mcllworth, a member and representative of the St. 
Andrew's Society of Xew York, who at the supper gave 
a most interesting account of his Society and its large 

November ist. 

The Society met at the house of John Gillespie. 

In the box £19 14 10 

This was the last monthly meeting at this house. It is 
for certain reasons unanimously agreed that the mem- 
bers meet at the house of John Taylor upon Wednesday, 
5th December, and there spend is. 6d. each. Any mem- 
ber not attending, or not sending his money, to be fined 
according to the Articles. It is further agreed that the 
Society dine at the house of John Gillespie, St. Andrew's 

The officers of last year were unanimously re-elected. 

November 30TH. 
The Society met at the house of John Gillespie, and in- 
stalled their oflficers and had another joyous time, chroni- 
cled in the very exact terms of the preceding St. An- 
drew's meeting, the day being crowned, etc. 

The next meeting was held by appointment at the 
house of \\"m. McLennan. The dues and entrance 
money now amount in the Box to £23 4 4 



May 2ND. 

At this meeting Mr. John Patterson was unanimously 
elected as a member. 

November 4TH. 

Meeting held at the house of John Gillespie. The office- 
bearers now serving were unanimously re-elected for the 
ensuing year, and the Society dined as usual on St. An- 
drew's at the Moderator's house, and the Box contains 
£27 I2s. 4d. 


May 7TH. 

The Scots Society met at the house of John Gillespie. 

In the Box £30 4 9 

The above sum of the Society's money amounting to 
over Thirty Pounds, by the unanimous voice of the mem- 
bers present, was deposited in the hands of Thomas 
McLennan, to keep safe till demanded, by reason of John 
Gillespie's bad state of health, and the confusion of affairs 
in his house occasioned thereby. 

July 6th. 

The Scots Society, at the request of the great majority 
of seven to two, met at the house of John MacCrae, 
one of the Stewards, where the whole were warned, one 
meeting having passed without doing of business since 
the death of John Gillespie, the late Moderator. 

James Sutherland joined the Society this evening. The 
design of this meeting was to choose a Moderator for the 
time being until next St. Andrew's Day, and also to vote 
for a proper house to transact business in, when it was 
unanimously agreed to meet at the house of Wm. Mc- 
Lennan. The two absent members being accidentally 
possessed of the three keys of the Box, the proceedings 
could not be recorded until the September meeting. Mr. 


Peter ]\IcXab was duly elected Moderator until the 
Xovember meeting, and the funeral charges of John 
Gillespie were ordered to be paid. Articles for the 
service of the Society to remain in the Box, viz. : 

Paid lames Clark sundries for the 

funeral of ]»iIoderator Gillespie £4 2 10 

" Jas. Clark for alamode. gloves, 

crape and ferrit to complete the 1 

mourning '. 418 3 

Articles in the Box for the use of I 

the Society ' 

Paid for the pall, grave and bell 2 o 

To W'm. McLennan for watching 2 o o 

" Angus Morrison for do i o o 

£14 I I 

This was the first death in the Society, and appears to 
have been that of a very popular man in the Society and 

November 5th. 

The Society met at the house of Widow Gillespie, 
when it was resolved that the Society dine at this house 
on St. Andrew's Day. 

It is further resolved that this Society meet to do busi- 
ness only once a quarter, viz. : the first Thursdays in 
March, June. September and December, excepting upon 
emergencv ; in that case every member shall be duly 
warned. It is further resolved that the said quarterly 
meetings be held at the house of Mrs. Gillespie until the 
majority think proper to vote some other house. There 
will be a meeting on the first Thursday of December to 
settle the expenses of St. Andrew's Day. 

The Society met on St. Andrew's Day at the house of 
Widow Gillespie, on Granville Street, foot of Blowers 
Street, and the day was spent, as the Minutes read, in 
harmony, joy and jollity and ancient Scots song. 



This year the four Quarterly Meetings were held at 
the house of Peter McNab, but little is recorded. Robert 
Gillespie was admitted a member, and John Patterson, 
who was admitted in 1771, died, and was buried at the 
expense of the Society. 

On the 30th of November, St. Andrew's Day, the 
Society met to celebrate the anniversary at the house of 
John Rider, where Lt.-Gov. Michael Franklin and sev- 
eral gentlemen of the Army and Navy, and of the Town, 
our countrymen, had been invited to a dinner in ancient 
Scots' taste. After dinner many loyal toasts, healths and 
sentiments were drunk. In fine, the day was crowned 
with the utmost festivity, mirth, good humor and ancient 
Scots songs. 

Prior to this dinner the re-elected officers of the pre- 
vious year were duly installed. 

Biographical Note — 1773. 

John Rider kept the Wolfe Tavern, opposite the old 
Government House, now Province Building. It was 
considered at that day a very elegant resort. His wines 
were noted for excellence. 


March 3RD. 

The Scots' Society met at the house of John Rider. 
Major Andrew Macdonald, 59th Regiment, became a 

This night John ^IcCrae borrowed the sum of £ 19 
14s. 6d., at 6 per cent, interest, when Robert Campbell 
and Peter McNab became securities. 
Alexander Thompson, 
Robert Campbell, and 
William Allan 
were enrolled as members. 


At the next meeting of this year Alexander Ross and 
Robert MacGowan were unanimously elected, and signed 
the Roll. Robert Campbell died and was buried by the 
Society before the close of the year. 

The Society celebrated their anniversary at the house 
of Mr. Tohn Rider, where the day was spent in the usual 
taste and manner, after installing the re-elected officers 
of the past for the incoming year. 

Biographical Notes — 1774. 

Major Andrew ]\Iacdoxald. 

Born at Rogart, Sutherlandshire, Scotland. 7th ]\Iay, 
1/21, and attended the Parish School for five years, after 
which he went to work on the farm, but becoming dis- 
satisfied with the hard, monotonous toil, he with several 
kinsmen, took service with the Hon. East India Com- 
panv, then recruiting in the Highlands, and was sent to 
Calcutta. For several years he was employed on most 
active and arduous work, but the constant turmoil in 
which the great Company's ambitions and extensions of 
territorv placed their servants, agreed well with the rug- 
ged and trusty contingent of Scottish Highlanders, of 
which Macdonald was a leading spirit. At the close of 
ten years' service, his courage, tact in handling 
the natives, and attention to most difficult duties, brought 
advancement in position and pay. He was promoted to 
the office of ^Military Inspector of three of the most dis- 
tant of the trading outposts of the Company, and ulti- 
mately one of the Superintendents of the Convoy and 
Defence Department of outgoing expeditions for new- 
trade and exchange. This duty involved great fatigue 
and responsibility in negotiating business far away from 
the domains of the Company. It was also a position in- 
volviuQ- great danger, and several times he w^as badly 
wounded. At length the severe strain of the situation, 
ioined to the severitv of the climate of the interior of 



India, prostrated him, and he was sent back to Scotland 
to recuperate. In 17S4 he returned to India and resumed 
his former position in the service of the H.E.I. Co. In 
1757 he fought under CHve at Plassey, and there was 
severely wounded and left on the field as dead. By 
almost a miracle he survived, and had again to return 
invalided to Britain. After recovering he, through the in- 
fluence of the Company, purchased a Commission in the 
Scottish Regimental Contingent then being recruited for 
service in the operations in Xorth America, and was sent 
early in 1758 with the forces for the siege and capture 
of Louisburg. After the capture he remained at Halifax 
until 1759, when he went with his regiment to Quebec; 
was present at the capture of the city and in the 
engagement with the French forces under Montcalm on 
the Plains of Abraham, where Wolfe was killed. x\fter 
the battle he was promoted to a Captaincy in his regi- 
ment, and returned to Halifax. In 1766 he was advanced 
to the rank of Major and transferred to the old 59th Regt., 
then stationed in this City. In 1770, on the reorganiz- 
ation of the Scottish Regiments, he was retired on 
full pay and settled in Halifax, where he was well known 
and had many friends among the Scottish merchants. 
In 1771 he joined the Xorth British Society, of which 
he for over a quarter of a century was a most active and 
enthusiastic member. Pie was a man of powerful and 
robust personality, and an outspoken advocate for a more 
liberal government of the people, and for civic organiz- 
ation of the town. In 1798 he returned to Scotland and 
died unmarried at Rogart, in 1809. By his inducement, 
his nephew. Robert Macdonald, subsequently came out 
to Halifax, and after several years became a member of 
the .North British Society. His six sons in the gener- 
ation following also became active members, two of them 
having the honor of being elected to the chair of the 



Alexander Ross was born at Elo^in, Scotland, in 1740, 
and came to Halifax in 1770 with considerable means. 
He was treasurer of the Society for several years, was a 
leading- member of Mather's Church, afterward called 
St. Matthew's and a most popular man in Halifax. He 
died 13th July, 1812. 


The four quarterly meetings were held as usual this 
year, but very little is recorded. The office-bearers were 
re-elected, the anniversary celebrated as usual, and the 
Society's funds at the close of the year in the Box 
amounted to £31 7s. od. 


passed away like its predecessor ; no changes and not 
one acquisition ; the disturbance in the neighbouring 
colonies, which was much felt in the city, having caused 
this apathy in the Society's affairs. But the anniversary 
was not forgotten. A large company of Scots, to the 
number of seventy, including Lt.-Gov. Arbuthnot and 
aides, assembled at the house of John Rider, the great 
Tavern at that time, and honored the day most heartily. 
The dues collected in the Box now amounted to 
£t,/ ids. od. 

At the above meeting the officers were installed for 
the ensuing year; no changes; all re-elected. 


witnessed considerable improvement in the Society's 
afTairs. The four quarterly meetings were held at the 


house of John Rider. The work of charity was well 

attended to, and the following gentlemen joined, viz. : 

James Dickson. John Mowatt, 

John Miller, Alex. Brymer, 

John Ratrie, James Black, 

and William Bowie. 

The Society and countrymen, twenty-seven in number, 
celebrated St. Andrew's at the old Pontac. This old 
popular resort stood at the north corner of Duke and 
Water Streets, close to the beach. It was at this Tavern 
that all the public entertainments took place. It was 
kept by a Mr. Willis, who opened it in 1769. As this 
was for many years the meeting place of the Society, it 
may be of interest to copy the proprietor's notice of open- 
ing the house, from the Xozv Scotia Chronicle of Oct. 10, 
1769 : V This is to inform the public that John Willis has 
lately opened the house to be known by the name of 
Great Pontac, which he proposes to improve in Public 
Entertainment, where gentlemen of every profession, both 
of Town and Country, may rely on being genteelly treated 
at the most reasonable rates. He also proposes keeping 
a Chop House, where Gentlemen may be supplied with 
the greatest despatch, and dinners dressed at the shortest 
notice. He begs leave to inform the Ladies that he has 
a good convenience for Baking, in which they may de- 
pend on having their commands duly performed to the 
greatest nicety, and hot mutton pies every day. As he 
has very good convenience for stabling and a Slaughter 
House on the premises, he proposes to open a correspond- 
ence with the country gentlemen, where they can kill and 
dispose of such cattle as they may have occasion for, and 
shall always make it a point to assist to the utmost such 
gentlemen as shall favor him with their commands with 
the greatest despatch. 

" He also begs leave to inform the public that he has 
a large and commodious Assembly Room, which is well 


fitted, and he now hopes to have the honour of the patron- 
age of the pubhc, and the best attendance may be 
depended upon from their most obedient and obhged 

humble servant, 

" John Willis.'' 

The old Pontac was all to the public that this adver- 
tisement professed it to be. The Assembly Rooms were 
on the second floor ; a large veranda ran quite around the 
house, and underneath, butchers' stalls, with the slaugh- 
ter house and bakery filled the ground floor. It was 
a great resort for the loungers of the town, and all kinds 
of assignations and business were made and attended to 
at the Pontac. We can understand from the above quaint 
advertisement, its value to the inhabitants at that early 
time. Slaughter-house, ball-room, public and bakery, 
butchers' stalls, and stabling all attended to under one 
roof, its court-yard for waggons, etc., being in the centre 
of the building. From this place notices were issued for 
public meetings, and at this variety house our Society 
met for many years. 

On the 30th November, previous to the dinner, the 
following gentlemen were installed office-bearers for the 
ensuing year : 

William Allan, Moderator; 

John MacCrae and Alexander Ross, Sfczcards; 
Robert MacGowan, Secretary. 
Several of the Moderator's descendants have been con- 
nected with the Society, and favourably known in the 
City. He was a very popular man with the Society for 
many years, being a whole-souled Scotchman and the life 
of the meetings. 

Biographical Note — 1777. 

Alexander Brymer was born at Dundee, Scotland, in 
1729, and entered into business in Glasgow at an early 
age, but in 1759 he came out to Halifax with £4,000 




sterling-, and very soon became a leading- merchant. He 
made several good purchases of condemned prizes taken 
by the ships of war. He was a grand specimen 
of an educated Scotchman, and rapidly came to 
the front in our little town as a rising and honourable 
man. He was distinguished for a generous and amiable 
disposition, and for many years was esteemed as the very 
father of the Scottish community of merchants. By his 
advice several Edinburgh and Glasgow men came out 
with means, and entering into trade, rapidly made for- 
tunes. He was a grand member of the North British 
Society, rarely missing a meeting, was President twice, 
and has the honour of ever appearing at the head of our 
list of Perpetual Members. He had a magnificent resi- 
dence on the site of the present Jerusalem Warehouse. It 
was long considered the finest house in the Provinces, and 
was called " Brymer's Palace," where he entertained very 
liberally. He was for many years Deputy Paymaster 
of the Forces, ^Member of the old Council of Twelve, and 
held from time to time almost every office of honour or 
distinction in the gift of the Government or people. It 
is not always that the prudence and industry that ele- 
vate the commercial man to wealth are united with 
honour, humanity and generosity, as was the case with 
Mr. Brymer ; but when found in combination they merit 
permanent distinction. After amassing a large fortune, 
said to be over £250,000 sterling, he left Halifax in 1801, 
to reside in London. There he married a second time — 
a daughter of Lieut.-Governor Sir John Parr — and died 
at Ramsgate at an advanced age. in 1822. He will be 
long remembered with honour by the North British 
Society, as the member who gave the Institution a pro- 
minence and a prestige in this City and Province, which 
it retains down to the present hour. Collateral descend- 
ants of Mr. Brvmer are still in Halifax. 



The Quarterly meetings of this year were held in the 
Great Pontac Tavern ; but the unsettled state of matters 
in the neighbouring Colonies could not but be felt in this 
city, so near the theatre of war ; and although a most 
popular and estimable man was at the head of the Society, 
but little was done. Two gentlemen joined this year: 
Lieut. Hyndman, H.AI. Ship " Revenge," and Wm. Hogg. 
The 30th November was celebrated by dining together, 
the same joyous event being duly recorded, and on that 

Alexander Brymei; was chosen Moderator; 
John MacCrae and Alexander Ross, Stczvards; 
Robert ]\IacGowan, Sccrcfary. 


Under the able Presidency of Alexander Brymer the 
Society flourished, but only one acquisition was made: 
Robert Nisbet. The Society decided this year to admit 
gentlemen (not countrymen) whom they might wish to 
invite as guests to the annual dinner, as shown by the 
following resolution carried at the ]\Iarch meeting: 

" That every member introducing a friend to the cele- 
bration of St. Andrew's Day, shall give at least three 
days' notice, before the time, and have the approbation 
of the President or Acting President : and that every 
member introducing such friend, shall be accountable for 
the reckoning of his or such friends as he may introduce." 

Alexander Brymer was unanimously elected, at the 
November meeting, Aloderator, and Alexander Ross and 
John AlacCrae Stewards for the ensuing year. 

St. Andrew's Dav was duly honoured by dining to- 
gether at the Pontac, when the Lieut. -Governor, Sir 
Richard Hughes, the Admiral, the General, with other 
distinguished persons, took part as guests of the Society, 
the day being given up to festivity and enjoyment. 




was one of marked prosperity and advance in the annals 
of the Society. More note is now made of the meetings, 
the charities are larefer, the debates keener, and the 
funds are becoming considerable. 

During this year the following were admitted mem- 
bers : Patrick MacAIaster, Andrew MacGill, Charles 
Adams, Andrew Thompson and Michael Wallace ; the 
last-named was a great favorite with the Society, and a 
most active and energetic member. Both himself and 
family have been distinguished in several generations as 
active men in the Society and the community. 

The four Quarterlv Meetings were held at the Pontac. 
At the Annual Meeting a great variety of business was 
transacted, and the following gentlemen elected oflfice- 
bearers ; 

Alexander Brymer, Moderator; 

Peter McNab, Vice-Moderator; 

John MacCrae and Alex. Ross, Stez^<ards; 

Andrew MacGill, Secretar\; 

Andrew Thompson, Asst. Secretary. 

Xet cash surplus funds at this date, £91 7s. 5|d., 
which were lent by the Society to Peter McNab, the 
Vice-Moderator ; he giving bonds and engaging to pay 6 
per cent, per annum for the money. 

The festival was observed by dining together at the 
Great Pontac, on the 30th, and passed ofif as usual, or, 
as the records have it, " the day was crowned with mirth 
and jollity." 

Biographical Note — 1780. 

Hon. Michael Wallace was for over 50 years an active 
and influential member of our Society, a prominent mer- 
chant, and a foremost man in politics. He for many 
years represented Halifax in the Legislature, and in 1803 
was appointed a member of Council, and thence until his 


death in 1832 he repeatedly, in the absence of the Lieut. - 
Governor, administered the Government of the Province. 
He was a thorough strong-minded Scotchman and during 
a long and stormy political life, won the good opinion 
of all he came in contact with. He was in later life 
appointed Treasurer of the Province, and the old £ i 
notes of generations ago current, were familiarly called 
"Michael Wallaces." He was President twice, and served 
the Society well in all the subordinate offices. He was 
long noted for his dignified bearing, and made a magnifi- 
cent Chairman at the celebrations of St. Andrew. His 
portrait is an excellent copy of a painting by Field. 


The Society held its four Quarterly Meetings at the 
Pontac. A considerable sum was expended in charity ; 
and we find that a Lottery being on foot in the Town 
for raising a sum sufficient to establish a School, the 
Society invested to the extent of ten tickets, at £ I each, 
only one of which was successful, the winning number 
gaining a prize of £2; rather a losing venture for the 
Society ; but as the Lottery was well patronized by the 
Town, the members considered it a duty (as the object 
to be attained was a good one), to invest a small amount. 

At the November meeting — 

Andrew AlacGill was elected President; 
Alexander Thomson, Vice-President; 
John AlacCrae and Alex. Ross, Stewards; 
Michael Wallace, Secretary. 

The Anniversary was well attended, as the following 
record of the event will testify : 

" Friday, ^ofh Xoirniber, I/81, being St. A)idre-Li.''s — This 
day, as by general appointment, the Society met at Mr. 
\Mllis" Old Pontac Tavern, with a number of their 


countrymen and others, to celebrate the festival. The 
public guests included the Lieut. -Governor. Sir Andrew 
Snape Hammond, Lieut. -General Campbell. Rev. Dr. 
Breynton of St. Paul's, and the Chief Justice. At pre- 
cisely three o'clock the company sat down to an elegant 
dinner. Mr. McGill, our President elect, requested Mr. 
James Dickson, one of our most popular and worthy 
members, to preside on this occasion. He took the chair, 
and the following loyal toasts were drunk after dinner : — 
" The King and St. Andrew, 
" Land of Cakes and do., 
" St. George, Old England and do., 
" St. David, Ancient Britons and do., 
" St. Patrick, Ireland and do., 
" Lieut. -Governor of the Province and do., 
" The Xavy, Army and do., 
" General Campbell. Garrison and do." 
and at the request of Mr. Thomson, \'ice-President : 

"The Mother of all Saints, and St. Andrew"; the 
last toast having been omitted at first, on account of Rev. 
Dr. Breynton being present. 

'■ After the above, two rounds of toasts were drunk b\' 
the company, and the evening was closed in great mirth, 
jollity and Scots feeling." 

The funds of the Society, as shown by the Annual 
Statement this year, amounted to £101 17s. yd.; and 
£. 100 was bonded by Peter McXab, at 6 per cent, interest. 

Biographical Note — 1781. 
Mr. MacGill, elected this year to fill the office of Presi- 
dent, was a gentleman doing an extensive business in the 
West India trade. He returned to Scotland in 1790. 
He was an eloquent speaker, and was noted as a 
leader in politics. He had a large general busi- 
ness on the east side of Granville Street, and gave 
much employment. He was a thorough Scot, and greatly 
esteemed in the Society. Several of his descendants are 
to be found in the Province. 


This year was quite a stirring one in the annals of our 
Society, as several gentlemen joined, whose descendants 
are at this day numbered with the Society, viz. : 
Alexander Green, John Bremner, 

George Grant, George Smith, 

W'm. Shand, \\'illiam Carter, 

James A^eitch, Richard Kidston, 

James Dechman, Alexander Copeland, 

Robert Burns, James Strachan, 

A\'illiam Hogg, Alexander Anderson. 

Several of the above-named had just arrived from the 
neighboring Colonies, as their loyal sentiments were too 
w^ell-known to allow of their remaining there any longer 
in safetv. Their coming to Halifax proved a valuable 
acquisition, as they were all well educated, and of such a 
stamp as to elevate the tone of the community. 

Amongst other business transacted this year, may be 
mentioned Peter McXab surrendering the Society's Bond 
for £106 to AV. Allen, who agreed to receive it. 
At the Xovember meeting — 

]\Ir. Andrew Thomson was elected President. 
Michael Wallace, J'ice-President. 
James Strachan and Alex. Green, Joint Secretaries. 
A large company, including Governor Parr and staff 
assembled at the Pontac on St. Andrew's Day, which 
passed off as usual, " in great harmony." 

Biographical Notes — 1782, 

Dr. John Halliburton, father of the late Chief Justice 
Halliburton, was the son of a Presbyterian minister in 
Haddington, Scotland, born in 1725. He was Surgeon 
in the Navy, and before the Revolution settled at Xew- 
port, Rhode Island, and married a ]\Iiss Brenton. 
He had a splendid practice there as a leading physician. 



but when the great dispute broke out he took sides with 
the Loyahsts and was banished, leaving for his avowed 
poHtical principles a splendid home, a valuable practice, 
and all the property he had accumulated. He came 
to Halifax with his family, and on his arrival was given 
the control of the Naval Medical Department, then a 
very lucrative and important position. This was in 1782. 
In addition to his official duties, Dr. Halliburton entered 
into general practice and became a leader in his profes- 
sion and a most influential member of the Society and 
community. In less than five years he was elected Pre- 
sident, and on the same date was appointed by the Gov- 
ernment a member of the old Council of Twelve, the 
" Star Chamber of Xova Scotia." He lived a most ex- 
emplary life, and was deservedly esteemed as one of the 
best of our citizens. The Society held him in great esti- 
mation, and for twenty years he never missed a meeting. 
His son, the Chief Justice, and grandson, John C. Halli- 
burton, subsequently kept his memory green by their 
attachment and interest in the institution. Dr. Halli- 
burton died at Halifax in i! 

James Strachan, a native of Huntley, Aberdeenshire, 
was born there in 1746. and came to Halifax in 1780, 
entered into a general business with Andrew McGill, on 
Lower Water Street, and for many years conducted a 
large shipping business to the West Indies and the 
Mauritius. He was the first of the Strachan family to come 
to Halifax, where they in successive generations have left 
a creditable commercial and social record. Mr. Strachan 
was one of the first Secretaries of the Society in 1782, and 
V^ice-President in 1783. He was for a long generation 
associated with our Institution, and was several times 
elected Chairman of the Dinner Committee. Mr. Strachan 
died at an advanced age in Halifax in 1836, and was 
buried in Old St. Paul's Churchyard. 

Alex. Green. George Grant, Wm. Shand, James Veitch, 


Robert Burns, Wm. Hog"g, ^^'m. Cater, Alex. Copeland, 
Alex. Anderson, were all Loyalists who came here from 
New York, all in g'ood positions in the mercantile world 
in New York and Rhode Island. 


In examing the records for this year, we find an in- 
creasing interest manifested by the members. The meet- 
ings were well attended, and a respectable number of 
additions were made to the ranks of the Society. The 
Meetings were held at the Old Pontac as usual, and 
nearly every member on the roll attended. The follow- 
ing were admitted members : — 

Wm. Davidson, Thomas -\Ianson, 

Wm. Gibbon, James Hunter, 

Wm. Lyon, Robert Geddes, 

Charles Geddes, Robert Lyon, 

Peter Lennox, John Ritchie^ 

George MacCrae, George Gunn. 

The funds of the Society are now from various sources, 
accumulating, as we find the Bond transferred to Alex. 
Ross, for £150; and that after a respectable amount had 
been expended in various charities, Alex. Brymer was 
elected a perpetual member, at his own request, he pay- 
ing £ 10 for the honor, and receiving the unanimous 
thanks of the Society. 

At the annual meeting, the following gentlemen were 
elected office-bearers for the ensuing year : — 
^Michael Wallace, President; 
James Strachan, Vice-President; 
Robert Burns, Secretary: 
Alex. Copeland, Asst. Secretary; 
Wm. Allen, Treasurer; 
Alex. Ross and fohn MacCrae, Stexvards. 


At this meeting- the following' gentlemen were ap- 
pointed a committee to revise the Rules of the Society, 
and prepare a digest for the approval of the members : 

]^Iessrs. Wallace, Burns, Strachan, Copeland and An- 

The celebration of St. Andrew w^as well attended to. 
About 80 persons dined together at the Pontac Tavern. 
The dinner was attended by representatives of the Army, 
Xavy, Bench and Bar. 

Biographical Notes — 1783. 

The twelve gentlemen admitted to the membership 
of the Society this year were all leading members 
of the community. William and Robert Lvon, Geo. 
Gunn and Thos. Manson, and RoJDert and Charles 
Geddes, came out to Halifax and engaged in business by 
influence of Alex Brymer ; they all subsequently accumu- 
lated fortunes, mainly through purchase and sale of con- 
demned prizes and cargoes, captured from the French bv 
the British fleet, and sold in Admiralty Court at Halifax 
during the war. 

John Ritchie was a Dockyard official, a popular man 
.n Halifax for a long generation. He died at Halifax, 

George MacCrae was an artist from Edinburgh. His 
principal work, Portraits in Oils, was greatly admired 
and patronized by Halifax society. He returned to 
Scotland in 1802. 

Peter Lennox, a native of Inverness, came to Halifax 
from Xew^ York with the Loyalists, having sufifered 
severely in losses incurred during the Revolution. On his 
arrival at Halifax he secured, through influence at the 


A^'ar Office, London, an appointment to the Commis- 
sariat Department, which he subsequently held for 
25 years. Lennox was husband of the celebrated writer, 
]\Irs. Charlotte Lennox, author of " Shakespeare Illus- 
trated." " The Female Quixote, or the Adventures of 
Arabella,"" and other works greatly read during the latter 
part of the i8th century. In London society she belonged 
to the literary coterie of Hannah ]\Iore, Goldsmith, Dr. 
Johnson. Fanny Burney and other celebrities. She died 
in London in 1804. Mr. Lennox was greatly esteemed 
by the members of the North British Society, was a 
good speaker and capital singer, and greatly interested 
the meetings by his varied social talents. He died in 
1809 at Halifax, and was buried in St. Paul's old Church- 


This year, under the able management of the office- 
bearers, the Society progressed favorably ; the meetings 
were largely attended, a considerable amount of business 
was transacted at each meeting, and a number of gentle- 
men were added to the Roll, several of them leading men 
in the Colony, viz. : — 

Anthony Stewart, Rev. Thos. Russell, 

\\'m. Campbell, Daniel IMacMaster, 

James Benvie, Joseph Gilchrist, 

David Ferguson, A\'illiam Gordon. 

James Wallace, William Forsyth, 

Peter Wemyss, Dr. Duncan Clark, 

George Rodgers, Alex. ^lacDonald. 

Alexander Thomson, being about to leave the Province 
to end his days in Scotland, became a Perpetual Member, 
by paying £10. A Silver Cross and Ribbon, to be worn 
by the President while presiding at the meetings, was 
presented by Peter Lennox. At the November meeting, 


the following g-entlemen were elected to preside over the 
Society's interests for 1785: 

Anthony Stewart, President; 

Geo. Smith, lice-President ; 

David Ferguson, Secretary; 

Alexander Ross, Treasurer; 

John MacCrae, Steward. 
Over one hundred persons sat down to the annual din- 
ner on the 30th, and the day was marked by several tal- 
ented speeches being delivered on the occasion by the 
President, Dr. John Halliburton, Michael Wallace, Lieut.- 
Governor Fanning and other leading men of the city. A 
large amount was expended in charity during the year, 
and the funds noted as " steadily accumulating." 

Biographical Notes — 1784. 

Rev. Thomas Russell, a native of Paisley, Scotland, 
born 1755. Minister of St. Matthew's Church, 1784-86. 
In 1786 he retired from his Pastorate to return to Scot- 
land, but the ship " Sceptre," on which he sailed, was lost 
at sea, and all perished. He was a most eloquent 
preacher, and was greatly esteemed by the Society. His 
son, George N. Russell, became a prominent merchant of 
Halifax, and was President of the Society in 1822. 

William Forsyth, President of the Society in 1788, was 
born in Edinburgh in 1755, and came to Halifax in 1783. 
He was a wealthy and prominent merchant, and had a 
fleet of vessels sailing from Halifax, east and west. He 
represented Halifax in the Legislature, and in after years 
was appointed member of the Council. After a long and 
strenuous life, he died at Halifax in 1822. and was buried 
at Sackville, above Bedford, N.S. 

Wm. Campbell, Jas. Benvie, Peter Wemyss and Wm. 
Gordon were all from Glasgow. They came out 1763, 


induced to visit Halifax through letters from Mr. Alex. 
Brymer. They were very successful in business. Benvie 
and Gordon continued in trade in this Province until 1801, 
when they sold out to Alex. MacAIaster and returned to 
Glasgow. All those mentioned were for many vears 
popular members of the Society, and foremost merchants 
of Halifax. 

Anthony Stewart was for many years a most pooular 
member of the Society, and one of the foremost in all 
good works in Halifax for nearly thirty years. Being 
a strong Loyalist, he came to Halifax in 1782, and with 
other co-patriots assisted greatly in making Halifax a 
well-known centre for large mercantile trade. 

Mr. Stewart, born in Aberdeen, and edvicated there, 
had for years previous to the Revolution conducted a 
great business in Baltimore, with a branch house at New 
York. He was acquainted with Halifax and its people, 
and at once, after his settling here, was received by all 
classes as a born leader. He soon proved his value to 
the place, and was looked up to for advice and direction. 
He was a fearless, outspoken man ; vigour and enthusiasm 
marked his every movement, and in addition to amassing 
a large fortune, he gave freely to Church and State, and 
his name crops up continually in our local Halifax records 
as taking part in all good works projected for the public 
good. At the Society's meetings he was seen at his best, 
a clever, enthusiastic speaker, with a well-pronounced 
Scottish accent ; in addition, a good singer, he made him- 
self essential to the success of the Quarterly Meetings, as 
well as the Annual Dinners. He lived for many years 
on Grafton Street, then a most fashionable locality, and 
entertained largelv. He was interested in several large 
speculations, in which he was joined by Alex. Brymer 
and Wm. Forsyth ; one particularlv, in rum and sugar, 
from Halifax to London, it is said freighted over 20 ves- 



sels and netted an immense profit. His portrait by 
Loudon is that of a man of enormous energy and capa- 

Dr. Duncan Clark, born in Scotland and educated for 
a physician. Early after taking his course and degree at 
Edinburgh, by the advice of friends in New York, left 
Scotland and came to America. Was in practice for 
several years, and at the tune of the Revolution was in 
Xew York, and on the evacuation of the city by the 
British, accompanied the Loyalists to Halifax. Dr. 
John Halliburton was a great friend of Clark's, and 
Vvhen appointed to the medical charge of the Navy 
and the Naval Hospital here, gave him a helping hand. 
For several years both Halliburton and Clark had, in 
addition to their Hospital work, a large medical practice 
in the town, and were for years the leading professional 
men. Socially Clark was a great favorite ; a man of fine 
presence and dignified bearing. He took a leading part 
in the Scottish community, amassed wealth, having 
been successful in several privateering ventures, was 
twice President of the North British Society, 1789 and 
1798, was Grand Master of Masons in succession to Hon. 
Richard Bulkeley in 1800-1, and was also a leading mem- 
ber in St. ^latthew's Church, and popular with all classes 
of the town. 

Dr. Clark, John Bremner, Alex. Brymer, Hon. Dr. 
John Halliburton and the two Geddesses, were a literary 
coterie, who met regularly for several years to read papers 
on social and scientific subjects at the Pontac Tavern. 
The papers and discussion occupied an hour, and then 
with friends the after-math devoted to wif, song and 
healths, was prolonged to the next morning. The Duke 
of Kent often joined them, and both Clark, Halliburton 
and Almon, who was several years connected with the 
Ordnance Hospital, were Physicians-in-Ordinary to the 
Duke of Kent, Lady St. Laurent and the household at 


Prince's Lodg3. Avhile the Duke and his retinue remained 
in Halifax. Dr. Clark retired from his position in the 
Xaval Yard in 1809. 

The Society held its four quarterly meetings at the 
Pontac. At this date it numbered in its ranks many of 
the influential Scotchmen of the city ; it gradually ex- 
tended its charities, and helped many who about this 
time emigrated to the Province. The following gentle- 
men enrolled themselves this year: 

John Cannel. Robert Buchanan, 

Donald MacLean, John Leckie. 

Andrew Liddell. John Patterson, 

Peter Smith. Thomas Gordon, 

Thomas Robertson. A\'illiam Annand. 

The President obtained leave of absence from the So- 
ciety to visit the Old Country. " The funds now in hand 
amount to £190."" The following office-bearers were 
elected to serve for 1786: 

George Smith. Prcsidoif: 
Dr. John Halliburton, J icc-Prcsidciif; 
\\'illiam Lyon. Secretary: 
Andrew Liddell. Assf. Seerefary; 
Alexander Ross. Treasurer: 
John MacCrae and Alex. Ross, Ste'u'ards: 
A magnificent dinner was given on the 30th. at which 
all the leading men of the Province were present. Wit, 
mirth, and good speeches occupied the time from three in 
the afternoon until ten at night. 

Biographical Notes — 1785. 

Andrew Liddell. from Berwick. Scotland, opened a 
general store on Hollis Street, opposite old St. Matthew's 
Church, was successful in business, and died in 1809. 

Geo. Smith, a native of Dornoch. Scotland, came to 
Halifax bv influence of Alex. Brvmer. He commenced 


business on Granville Street, near Duke Street, and for 
many years conducted a large establishment, principally 
in cordage and hardware. He made a splendid fortune, 
and like Mr. Brymer, was the means of several well- 
educated young Scotsmen coming to this country. He 
was ever a loyal and foremost member of the Society, and 
was popular and respected in his generation. 

W'm. Annand, uncle of the late Hon. William Annand, 
was born at Glasgow, Scotland, May 2nd, I759' 
was long associated with James Annand, who had 
a job printing ofBce on Bedford Row. He was a most 
popular member of our Society, and in 1820 died at Hali- 
fax ; was considered one of the most pleasing speakers 
at our meetings ; was father of Hon. Wm. Annand, an 
esteemed Perpetual Member. 


If records are a criterion of a Society's growing popu- 
larity and importance, the North British Society must 
this year have made great progress, as the transaction of 
a great amount of business is recorded. 

A Committee appointed to revise the Rules, reported 
during this year, and their work was unanimously ap- 
proved of, and the report was ordered to be printed. A 
Messenger, Wm. Campbell, was appointed. Two Assist- 
ant Vice-Presidents, Charles Geddes and James King, 
were also appointed. A long list of persons were re- 
lieved, and the benefit of our Institution was felt during 
the winter by the number of poor countrymen who 
arrived late in the previous autumn. The following mem- 
bers were enrolled during the year: 

\\'illiam Dufifus, John MacKie, 

James Alexander, William Veitch, 

Andrew Gray, James Ewing, 

John Anderson, Peter Muir, 

George Macintosh, Robert Killc 


As the revised Rules and By-Laws adopted this year 
for the future government of the Society do not differ 
materially from those under which the Society was sub- 
sequently incorporated, we will only note the preamble 
and first five leading rules : 

" Preamble. — Every institution calculated for the charit- 
able relief and assistance of our fellow-creatures in want 
and distress, is certainly commendable. Such, it is hoped. 
the North British Society of Halifax will be acknow- 
ledged by all who candidly peruse the subsequent Rules 
of their institution. 

" When people fall into misfortune and distress in any 
part of the world remote from the place of their nativity, 
thev are ever ready to apply for relief to those originally 
from the same country, on the supposition that they may 
possibly have connection by blood with some of them. 
or at least know something of their relations. 

■' On this account the natives of Scotland, and those 
descended of Scots parentage in the Town of Halifax, 
agreed, in the year 1768, to form themselves into a So- 
ciety, the principal design of wdiich was to raise and keep 
a sum of money in readiness for the above creditable pur- 

" The good eft'ects of it have been experienced for these 
eighteen years past ; and though the application of this 
charity has been of course confined, as has the manner 
of collecting it. yet it may not prevent the Society from 
acting up to the principles of universal charity on other 
occasions, when their funds will afford to extend it." 



(Revised and Adopted May 3rd, 1786.) 

" I St. — The Society shall continue by the name of ' The 
North British Society ' at Halifax, in the Province of 
Nova Scotia. 

■' 2nd. — For maintaining a good understanding, ac- 
quaintance and fellowship with each other, the members 
of this Society shall assemble at some convenient house 
in the Town of Halifax, four times a year, besides their 
anniversary meeting, viz., the first Thursday in Novem- 
ber, February, May and August. At these meetings the 
Society, or the major part of the members then met, may 
resolve upon and vote further rules and orders, as may 
from time to time be found necessary and convenient for 
its regulation and harmony. 

" 3rd. — At the meeting in November, the members then 
regularly met shall by majority of votes elect the officers 
for the ensuing year, viz.. a President, \'ice-President, 
two Assistants, a Treasurer, Secretary and Messenger, 
who must be all residents in the Town of Halifax. 

" The meeting of St. Andrew's Day shall be called the 
Anniversary Assembly of the North British Society, on 
which day, or the dav following, if that happen to be on 
Sunday, the officers elect are to enter upon their offices 
for the year ensuing. 

" 5th. — A majority of the members met at any of the 
quarterly meetings shall, upon due application made, 
have power to admit into the Society any man of honour 
and integrity as a resident member, provided he shall be 
a North Briton, or the son of a North Briton, and be pre- 
viously proposed to the Society by one or more members, 
and approved by a majority at one of the quarterly meet- 
ings ; and with respect to honorary members, that is to 


say, such gentlemen as do not statedly reside in the 
Province, but become contributors and benefactors, their 
admission shall be wholly left to the direction of the 
President and Assistants. 

" Voted unanimously, agreed, and sealed with the 
Society Seal, at the Town of Halifax, in the Province of 
Xova Scotia, at a quarterly meeting of the said Society, 
the third day of ]\Iay. in the year of our Lord, One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Eighty-Six." 

It is worthy of notice here that but John MacCrae, of 
the original fourteen who first met to organize the So- 
ciety, signed the above rules ; the remainder were all dead, 
or had gone back to Scotland within the short space of 
eighteen years. The annual meeting this year was the 
largest ever held since the formation of the Society. The 
following gentlemen were, by their request, added to the 
roll of honorary members : 

Col. Thomas Dundas, 

^lajor Hugh ^l. Gordon. 

Hon. Henry Duncan (Commander R.X..) 

Peter Hunter, 
and took their seats during the evening. The Society 
made choice of the following gentlemen for office-bearers 
for the ensuing year. 1787: — 

Doct. John Halliburton. President; 

I\Ir. William Forsyth, Vice-President; 

Doct. D. Clark, Senr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Thomas Robertson. Junior do. do.; 

Alexander Ross, Treasurer: 

Andw. Liddell and Anthony Paterson. Secretaries. 

The Festival of the 30th November was celebrated as 
usual by a Grand Dinner at the Pontac Tavern, at which 
150 were present. Amongst the invited guests of the 
Society were Governor Parr and Staff, Lieut.-General 
Lyons, the Admiral, the Chief Justice, the Presidents and 
\'ice-Presidents of the St. George's. German and Irish 



Societies. The Dinner passed off with great eclat and was 
under the able management of the following gentlemen, 
who received the thanks of the Society for the able man- 
ner in which they discharged their duties. 

Doct. John Halliburton, 
Hon. ^Michael Wallace, 
Hon. Alexander Brymer, 
Hon. Anthony Stewart, 
Andrew McGill. 

About £75 was disbursed this year amongst the poor 
emigrants who arrived during the summer. 

Biographical Notes — 1786. 

Robert Killo was a native of Aberdeen, master mariner, 
and a nephew of one of the Founders of the Society. 

Mr. Ewing was a native of Perth, and emigrated from 
Scotland in 1765. His place of business was corner of 
Buckingham and Granville Streets, west side. He was in 
the fancv goods trade, and was connected with several 
large ventures to the East. He made a great fortune in 
trade here, and returned to Perth in 1814. He was Sec- 
retary in 1798 and President in 1806 and 181 1. He was 
noted for his financial abilities and for his capita! singing 
at meetings of the Society. 

Hon. Henry Duncan (Commander R.N.), and Commis- 
sioner of the Dockyard here, was a most enthusiastic 
Scotchman. He resided in the Dockyard, and for many 
years was member of the Council, and a leading member 
of St. Matthew's Church. Was elected President in 1796. 




This year the Society had at its head one of the most 
popular men who ever held that office — Doctor John Hal- 
lil)urton. who, by his winning manner, induced members 
to take even a more than ordinary interest in the business 
of the meetings, which were all well attended. During 
the year the following were admitted members : — 

Adam Fife, Dunbar Sloane, 

Jas. Johnson, Alexander Bremner, 

Duncan Grant, ^Mlliam Kidston, 

Rev. Dr. A. Brown, Alexander Clunas. 

In the above list may be noticed the names of several 
who through a long period of membership acquitted 
themselves with credit, and were distinguished by the 
genial interest they manifested in the Society's welfare. 
The Society donated to the settlers at Preston this 
winter £10. for, although beyond the limits of the So- 
ciety's usual charities, the sufferings of the negroes de- 
manded attention from all charitably disposed societies 
and persons throughout the community. 

This year a committee was appointed to take charge 
of one of the original fourteen who founded the Society 
in 1768. John MacCrae, for many years Steward, and who 
had been re-elected to that office from time to time, hav- 
ing shown strong marks of insanity, and his affairs there- 
by getting into a deranged state, and his family being in 
want, the Committee ably discharged their duties, main- 
taining him and his household till his cieath, which took 
place in January, 1788. when he was interred at the So- 
ciety's expense, his family recei\-ing assistance for years 
after. Thus the benefits of the Institution were illus- 
trated in the case of one of its founders, who, at the 
period of its formation was in comfortable circumstances, 
and little dreamed of adverse aft'airs and an impoverished 
end. By the annual statement at the November meet- 
ing we find the finances in a healthy condition, the 
amount of funds in the hands of the Treasurer being- 


£it;o 8s. Peter 3>IcXab gave his bond for £130, at 
six per cent, interest, until next annual meeting. The 
Society elected the following office-bearers for 1788'. 
\\'illiam Forsyth, President: 
Dr. Duncan Clarke, J'Icc-Prcsidciit: 
Andrew Liddell and Richard Kidston, Asst. do.; 
John Patterson and John Bremner, Secretaries: 
Alexander Ross, Treasurer: 
W^illiam Annand, John McGill, Stewards: 
Peter Muir, Messenger, at los. per quarter; 
Rev. Andrew Brown, Chaf^laiii (the first appointment 
of that kind made). 
■ And the first regular Committee of Charity of the So- 
ciety was appointed this evening ; heretofore the Stewards 
having performed that dutv. Committee of Charity: 
Doctor John Halliburton, 
Doctor Duncan Clarke, 
Hon. Michael Wallace, 
William Forsyth and 
Andrew MacGill. 
The festival was duly celebrated on the 30th Novem- 
ber, at the Golden Ball Tavern, corner Hollis, rear Sack- 
ville Street, at which Governor Parr and Suite, General 
Ogilvie, Bishop Inglis, the Presidents and V^ice-Presi- 
dents of the St. George's, German and Irish .Societies, 
were the invited guests. These, with about a hundred 
and fifty of the Scotsmen of the City, had a magnificent 
re -union, of which a flattering notice appeared in New 
York and Philadelphia papers, representatives of the Scot- 
tish Societies of those cities having been present. 

Biographical Notes — 1787. 
Dunbar Sloane was a Loyalist from New York, who 
with Jas. Johnson went to Barbados, but not liking the 
climate, came to Halifax, and for several years carried 
on an iron business in Lower Water Street, foot of Sack- 
ville Street. Sloane afterwards returned to New York, 
where many of his descendants are in business to-day. 


Dr. Andrew Brown, our first Chaplain and minister of 
St. Matthew's Church, was a native of Edinburgh, Scot- 
land. He came out to Halifax in 1787, and continued 
Pastor till 1795 ; was an eloquent and noted divine in his 
day. He wrote a History of Nova Scotia, the manuscript 
of which is in the British Museum. It remains un- 
published through an accident. The vessel carrying it 
to Britain was wrecked ; among other wreckage it came 
ashore in an old trunk near Southampton, and years after 
was discovered in a chandler's shop in London. Fortu- 
nately only a few leaves were missing. It was purchased 
by some one who knew its value, and deposited in the 
Librarv of the ^luseum. A great deal of it has re- 
appeared in publications credited to other writers than 
Brown. He returned to Scotland and died at Edinburgh 
early in the 19th century. While in Halifax he was a 
most popular member, a splendid speaker, and was long 
rememl^ered for his keen satire and quaint humour, and 
while in Xova Scotia outstripped all his contemporaries 
in genius and literary acquirements. In 1791, he was 
appointed by the Imperial Government Garrison Chap- 
lain to the Scottish dissenting Troops in Halifax, with 
a salary of £70 sterling. This he received until his de- 
parture from Halifax in 1795. After his return to Scot- 
land, he succeeded the great Dr. Blair in Edinburgh Uni- 
versitv as Professor of Rhetoric and belles Icttrcs. 

Biographical Note — 1788. 

Lieut. -General Jas. Ogilvie, an Honorary Member, was 
in command of the Forces in Nova Scotia several years. 
The Fort near Point Pleasant was named after him. The 
General was a most enthusiastic Scotchman of the old 
school, and a remarkable man of ability in his profes- 
sion. He attended many of the meetings of the Society, 
and spoke at several of the St. Andrew dinners. He was 
a great friend of John Bremner and also of Alex Brymer 




and several other wealthy Scottish members of the So- 
ciety. It was said at the time that he was a silent part- 
ner in the house of W'ni. Forsyth & Co., and had placed 
£20,000 sterling there to advance the interest of his only 
son James, who had no inclination for a professional life. 
His son was with Forsyth for several years, and retired 
with £40,000 sterling. He died at London in 1820. The 
General died at Carnonsie, Banffshire, in 1816, aged 78 


This year the Society was called upon to aid several 
refugees in returning to Scotland ; amongst the number 
was the Rev. Andrew Mitchell, who played a conspicuous 
part as a Loyalist in Boston during the rebellion. The 
four Quarterly Meetings were well attended, and at the 
annual in X'ovember the following were elected to govern 
the Society for the ensuing year: 

Doct. Duncan Clarke, President; 

Charles Geddes, Jlcc-Prcsidciif: 

Adam Fife and John Bremner, Asst. do. 

Alexander Brymer, Junr.. Secretary; 

James Stewart, Asst. do.: 

Alexander Ross, Treasurer; 

Peter Muir, Messenger ; 

James Veitch, I ^, , . ,, r .• / 

;; I ^te'aards for the pcstival. 

vvilliam Hogg, ' 

Richard Kidston; 

Robert Killo, 

Alexander Ross, 

James Dechman, 

Adam Fife, 

The following members were acquired during the 
year ; 

Alex. Brymer, Jr., Hon. James Stewart, 

James Fraser, .Alex. Abercrombie, 

Roderick MacKay, John Irvin. 

Charles Handyside, Alexander Wills, 

Cominittee of Charity. 


(Alex. Brymer, Jr., was nephew of Hon. Alex. Bry- 


And the following were admitted as Honorary Mem- 
bers : 

Brigadier-General Ogilvie. the Commander of the 
Forces ; Major Scott, R.A. ; Major Thomson, 57th Regi- 

The festival was celebrated by the usual dinner, held 
this year at the Golden Ball, Governor Parr and Suite, 
the Admiral and Flag Lieutenants, the General and Staff, 
the Bishop, and the leading officials being the invited 
guests. The festivity commenced at 5 o'clock p.m., and 
was kept up with great spirit till 2 a.m., December ist. 
As the Society had then enrolled all the leading citizens 
of the City, they being nearly all Scotsmen, the dinner 
was always one of the great events of the year. This 
one proved no exception to the rule. 


This year a large amount was distributed, as there 
were at the time many needy applicants ; otherwise but 
little of note occurred. 

David Hall, John Hall, 

John Grant, John ]\IacKenzie, 

were admitted ordinary members. 

At the annual meeting, Peter McXab, Esq., renewed 
his Bond to the Society, adding to the original amount 
twenty pounds. His new Bond w^as for the sum of one 
hundred and fifty pounds. At this meeting, the follow- 
ing were appointed office-bearers for 1790: 
Hon. Alexander Brymer, President; 
Michael Wallace, Vice-President; 

William Lvon, I , , t-- n -j ^ 

^ - , Asst. I ice-Presidents; 

John Bremner, ) 

Alexander Ross, Treasurer; 

John Paterson, Secretary. 


The Committee of Charity, and ^Messenger, were unani- 
mously re-elected. 

The festival was celebrated at the Golden Ball, by 
the usual magnificent dinner. Governor Parr and Suite, 
the General and Staff, the Bishop and leading Clergy, and 
in fact all the notables of the Province were present. The 
Presidents and Vice-Presidents of St. George's, St. Pat- 
rick's, and the German Societies, were also guests on this 
occasion. The band of the 74th Regiment was in at- 
tendance. The prints of the date give a very flattering 
account of the spirit and style which marked this dinner. 

At this date, an immense business was carried on in 
and from Halifax. The world was in a continual state 
of war. Many prizes were captured by the great fleet 
of men-of-war and privateers on this station, brought 
into Halifax, condemned in Admiralty Court and sold at 
auction. Many of these prizes were first-class ships, 
well built and equipped for long service. Syndicates or 
Companies of our merchants would purchase these ves- 
sels and cargoes sometimes at a low rate, and being all 
ready for sea would at once be dispatched to foreign 
markets. The result of these speculations would at 
times ensure tremendous returns. These vessels would 
take return cargoes, and when trading in the East 
times would not return to Halifax for years after. Mean- 
while their business results would be transmitted to 
Halifax and invested in further speculations ; so that, al- 
though Halifax had a small population at this time, the 
enterprise of her Scottish merchants was known to all 
mercantile centres of the trading world. 


Great interest was manifested in the proceedings of 
the Society ; and it is here worthy of remark, that but 
few members absented themselves from either the ordi- 
nary or special meetings, several of which were called 


this year. Among the gentlemen who, we may say, 
never missed a meeting, may be mentioned the names of 
Hon. Michael Wallace, \\'illiam Duffus. 
Alexander Erymer, James Dechman, 

Andrew Liddell, Alex. Bremner. 

and others. A hrge number were relieved by the So- 
ciety this year, and a committee was appointed to revise 
the rules lately adopted, as several additions had since 
been made, and alterations had become necessary. The 
Committee consisted of the following: — 
Doctor Andrew Brown, 
Hon. Alexander Brymer, 
Hon. Michael Wallace, 
William Forsyth, 
Alexander Brymer, Jr. 
The Committee were to report for the approval of the 
Society sometime during 1791. The funds of the Society 
were in a flourishing state, although many claims had 
been satisfied, and much distress alleviated. The fol- 
lowing were admitted ordinary members this year: 
Alexander Morrison, John Hunter, 

John Ross, Archibald Ferguson, 

William Thompson, Colin Campbell. 

John Morton, William Smith, 

James Forbes. James Forman, 

George Grassie, James Stewart (2), 

Andrew Gumming. 

At the annual meeting, 

Alexander Thomson w3s elected President; 

John Grant, Jlcc-Prcsidcnf: 

Alex. Brvmer, jr., I , , t-- „ -i . 

I Asst. I icc-rirsiaoifs. 
\\'illiam Lyon, ' 

The Committee of Charity, and Stewards, were unani- 
mously re-elected, and a vote of thanks passed for their 
able management during the past year. The celebration 


of the 30th November took place at the Golden Ball, and 
was attended, as usvial, bv all the notables of the Pro- 

Biographical Notes — 1790. 

AA'ilHam Thompson — afterward Prothonotary 

William Smith, familiarly called at this time " The 
Rebel," was a very clever man, and represented Halifax 
County for many years. His nephew. Lord Strathcona, 
High Commissioner for Canada, strong-ly resembled him 
in appearance. Mr. Smith was elected President in 1800. 


This year the Society experienced a great loss, in the 
death of the Treasurer, ]\Ir. Alexander Ross, who for 
manv years took a verv active interest in the welfare of 
the Institution. His son, John Ross, was unanimously 
elected in his stead. Several special meetings were 
called, to take into consideration many cases which de- 
manded the aid and care of the Society, all of which were 
well attended to. The Society prospered during this 
year, and there appears to have been a lively interest 
taken in its affairs by the great majority of the members. 
It may here be worthy of note, that the Quarterly Meet- 
ings were summoned for a quarter before five p.m., and 
that they generally closed at 10 o'clock. The festival 
was celebrated, as usual, in grand style, at the Golden 
Ball. The cost of entertaining the public guests, among 
whom was the Adnwnistrator of the Government, Hon. 
Richard Bulkeley, was covered by a grant from the funds 
of the Society. About one hundred and fifty sat down 
to dinner, and the day was closed, as usual, iixgreat har- 

The Committee appointed to revise and amend the 
Constitution and By-Laws, met in September, and sub- 


mitted a code for the future government of the Society. 
The Committee, in bringing them forward, expressed a 
hope that they would be considered as the final laws of 
the Society, and that no further amendments would be 
considered necessary. They improved several of the 
old By-Laws, and added those that had been passed 
since the last revision, in 1786. These Rules were passed 
tmanimously at a large meeting, and were principally 
framed by the Hon. Michael \\'^allace. With a few 
amendments, these were the Rules under which the So- 
cietv was incorporated. 

The officers for 1792 were elected at the November 
meeting, viz. : 

John Grant. President; 

John Bremner, Jlce-Presideuf; 

Alex. Brvmer, ) 

-.■,-■,,. V I Assf. J ice-Presiaenfs: 

\\ ilham Lyon, ) 

John Ross, Treasurers- 
George Grassie, Secretary; 
Rev. Andrew Brown, Chaplain; 
Peter Muir, Messenger; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected. 

Biographical Note — 1791. 

John Grant was a wealthy merchant. Victualler to the 
Xavv for several years, was a leader in politics, and a 
great favorite in society. His place of business was on 
the corner of Prince and Hollis Streets, were the present 
L'nion Bank now stands. 


The Society had many applications this year from dis- 
tressed countrymen wishing to be relieved and enabled 
to reach their homes in Scotland. Many were from Bos- 


ton and Philadelphia. The Society was ably seconded 
in its praiseworthy efforts by the firm of William Forsyth 
& Co., the partners of which house were active members 
on the Roll of the Society, as their ships generally took 
back to Scotland several of the poor at every trip. They 
were publicly thanked on several occasions for their 
meritorious services in this particular way. Several 
gentlemen were added to the Society this year, viz. : 

Alexander Izatt, Archibald Wilson, 

Wickworth Allan, George Glennie, 

Admiral Murray, Commander-in-Chief on the 

To the Honorary List were added, 
Captain Duncan Campbell. R.N. Titus Levi. 

The above gentlemen attended several meetings of the 

Mr. Andrew Cummings presented the Society with a 
ballot box. for which he received a vote of thanks. 

The November meeting was largely attended, and the 
'following popular gentlemen elected office-bearers for 
the ensuing year : 

James Stewart, President; 

Wm. Lyon, J'iee-Presidenf; 

Tames Forman, | , ^_ „ 

,,. c^ ., . Asst. I ice-r residents: 

Wm. Smith, I 

John Ross, Treasurer; 

James Forbes. Secretary; 

David Hall, Asst. do.; 

Wm. Kidston, Peter McNab, ") Committee 

Robert Killo. Wm. Annand, / of 

James Dechman, - Charity. 

James Stewart, 1 (., , 

•' ^^ . Stei^'ards; 

John Hunter. ) 

Dr. Andrew Brown, Chaplain; 

John Taylor, Messenger; 


A Convnittcc to Superintend 
the Festival. 

The President., 
A'^ice Do., 

Doctor Clarke, 

John Brown, 

Michl. Wallace, . 
The Festival was celebrated, as usual, on the 30th, at 
the Golden Ball. Prior to the dinner the Society paraded 
through the principal streets in procession, and then at- 
tended Divine Service at the Presbyterian Church, where 
Dr. Andrew Brown, Chaplain to the Society, preached a 
sermon on " St. Andrew," and gave a most eloquent 
speech at the dinner. He was the clever orator of his 
da}'. Afterwards the members dined together, with the 
leading men of the Province as guests, the new Lieut. - 
Governor, John W'entworth, Admiral, Heads of Depart- 
ments, etc. The dinner passed off with great eclat, and 
was favorably noticed in the journals of the day. 

Biographical Notes — 1792. 

Admiral ^Murray was always in trouble with the people 
of Halifax, about his Press Gangs, which gave great con- 
cern to the merchants, who at times could not get men 
to man their vessels, so many were impressed for the 
Fleet. Men were scarce, and there was a large Fleet on 
the Station, which required to be well manned. At this 
date many ships of war were detained for weeks in port 
on this account — hence the trouble with ]\Iurrav. 

Hon. James Stewart, son of Anthony Stewart, was 
born at Annapolis, Marvland. in 1760. and came with his 
father to Halifax in 1780. He was educated in Halifax, 
finishing with a term and degree at Edinburgh Univer- 
sity ; was admitted to the Bar of X'ova Scotia, and for 
many years was a valued and leading light of his profes- 
sion, attaining the position of Solicitor-General. For 
several years he was elected member for Halifax Countv. 



and was subsequently appointed a member of the old 
Council of Twelve, and enjoyed the reputation of being 
not only a profound logician, but a most popular mem- 
ber of the NoRT?i British Society; served in all the 
minor offices, and was three times elected President. Mr. 
Stewart was a pleasing speaker, a thorough Scot, and at 
the annual celebrations brimful of patriotic Scottish spirit. 
He amassed wealth and married the daughter of Hon. 
John Halliburton. For many years he resided in the 
house which he built in 1790, on the corner of Morris and 
Pleasant, now occupied by Col. Stewart. After a most 
useful life Mr. Stewart died in 1823, greatly regretted. 
Mr. Douglas Stewart, Asst. P.O. Inspector, is a great- 

Lieut. James Stewart, 74th Regiment, elected as 
Honorary Member in 1832, was a son of Hon. James 
Stewart. Dunbar D. Stewart, elected member in 181 5, 
was also a son. 


This was certainly a year of progress with the Society. 
The four quarterly meetings, held at the British Tavern, 
were attended by almost every member on the roll, and 
no less than 17 members were admitted, viz.: 
John Stewart, William Grigor, 

David Brown, John Black, 

James Geddie, Thomas MacKenzie, 

James Thorn, John Thompson, 

William Forsyth (2nd). John Stewart, 
John Taylor, Duncan Brown, 

Lieut. John Fraser, Lt. Alex. Sutherland, 

Capt. K. MacDonald, Lt. Donald Campbell. 
Vigour is perceptible in the records of every meeting; 
and we have but to mark the amount of business trans- 



acted, the number of poor relieved, and the general in- 
terest manifested in the different questions placed before 
the Society, to feel certain that the institution was a real 
benefit to the Town and to our countrymen. At the 
November meeting-, the following were elected to govern 
the Society for 1794: 

John Bremner, Frcsidciif; 

Alex. Brymer. Jr.. J 'ice do.; 

A\'illiam Kidston, I , , t-- n -j , 

^ . , TT ,, i Assf. I ICC r residents; 

David Hall, ' 

W'ickworth Allan. Secretary; 

James Ewing. Asst. do.: 

John Ross, Treasurer: 

P. AlacXeil. A\'m. Annand. 1 Committee 

\\m. Kidston. Robt. Lyon. - of 

William Hogg. . Charity: 

Jas. Stewart. 

Doctor Cbrke. I ^ . . . „ . , 

-,. , , T.. „ " I LouinntTcc of testival: 
j^Iichl. \\ allace, r 

Wm. Lvon, - 

Alex. Morrison, I stcicards of the Festival: 

W m. Forsyth. ' 

John Taylor. Messenger. 

The festival was celebrated at the British Tavern, on 
^londay. the 2nd December, the 30th falling on Saturday. 
It was. as usual, the great dinner of the season. The 
toast list included 40 regular, and 10 volunteer healths. 
Including members and public guests, over one hitndred 
and fifty were present. 

William Forsyth (2nd) was nephew of Hon. A\^m. 

William Grigor was father of Hon. Dr. Grigor. 

Lieut. John Fraser, Capt. K. !\IacDonald, Lieut. Alex. 
Sutherland, Lieut. Donald Campbell, all of the Fraser 


Biographical Notes — 1793. 

John Bremner, President in 1794, and again in 1799, 
was a most popular and enterprising merchant. He made 
fortune after fortune through his purchases of prizes con- 
demned and sold here by Admiralty Court. He was with 
Alex. Brymer, a leader in society and business, and was 
lioted for his profuse hospitality. .'\s President, he twice 
furnished all the wines consumed at the dinners of the_ 
Society by members and guests. He was a bachelor, 
Colonel of Militia, President of the old Rockingham Club, 
an aristocratic Association which dined regularly once 
a month, at the old Rockingham Inn, near Prince's Lodge, 
and which lasted for thirty years. He was never absent 
from our Society meetings. Was related to the Mitchell 
family now represented by George Mitchell and 
brothers, and was grand uncle of our respected Perpetual 
Member, and Past President. Col. Jas. J. Bremner. He 
was a friend of Cobbett the historian, who twice visited 
Halifax, and divided his time between Mr. Bremner and 
Hon. Richard Bulkeley whom he resided with while here. 


This year the Society steadily increased in numbers 
and usefulness. The gentlemen who had the guidance 
of the institution beino- popular citizens, the meetings of 
the past year were all eclipsed by the attendance of an 
unusually large number of Scotchmen, who were this 
year passing through the Province, going to and return- 
inp- from Scotland. The presence also, at Halifax, of 
His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent, attracted a bril- 
liant Staff to the Town, and there being many of our 
countrymen in the personal Suite of Prince Edward, this 
led to the meetings being so fully attended by many of 


the above as guests. During the year the following were 

enrolled as members : 

Alexander Patillo, William Findley, 

James Donaldson, Thomas Donaldson, 

Robert Milne, Robert Ferguson, 

James Kidston. 

The Society presented an address to His Royal High- 
ness, which was well received and cordially replied to. 
At the November meeting, the Treasurer presented a 
very interesting report, showing that during the past 
year: over £ioo had been expended in charity, there 
having been many applications for relief. This alone 
exhibits the vigilance of the Society in giving relief, and 
the amount of good performed at that time. 

The election of office-bearers took place at this meet- 
ing, when the following were chosen : 

The Honble. Chief Justice Strange, President; 
Hon. Michael Wallace, Jlcc-Prcsidenf; 

George Grassie, i , ^.. _, ., 

,,..," , . ,, I Asst. I icc-Frcsidcnts; 

\\ ickworth Allen, ' 

Robert Lyon and James Stewart, Secretaries: 

Peter ^IcXab, W'm. Annand, j Committee 

William Kidston. William Hogg, of 

Peter Lyon, ' Charity; 

Dr. Duncan Clarke, \ 

John Bremner, ' ,, . „ . , 

;^-,.,,. „ ■ I Committee of testiz'al; 

\\ ilham rorsyth. 

James Stewart, 

Committee of Charity — re-elected. 

Rev. Dr. Brown. Chaplain; 

Alexander Izatt and \\'m. Forsyth, Stezvards; 

John Taylor, Messenger. 

The most brilliant reunion, per^iaps, which has ever 
taken place in Halifax, was witnessed at the Festival of 
St. Andrew this vear. A Committee, consistins" of the 


President and Assistant Presidents, waited upon His 
Royal Highness Prince Edward, tendering him the hospi- 
talities of the Society for that occasion: which Committee 
was most graciously received, and the invitation accepted 
for December ist, the 30th Nov. happening on Sunday, 
The celebration took place at the British Taver^n, Chief 
Justice Strange in the Chair, with His Royal Highness 
on his right and Governor Wentworth on his left. The 
tables were arranged in the form of a St. Andrew's Cross, 
and the decorations of the room were such as to have 
taken over three weeks to complete. The tables were 
covered with plate, the private property of members. 
Two Regimental Bands, the 7th and 24th, furnished the 
music. The whole was arranged under the personal 
supervision of the Chief Justice, a gentleman of taste and 
discernment. Over two hundred were present, and the 
Vice-Chairman, Hon. Michael AVallace, acquitted himself 
in a manner which did great honor to himself and the 
Society. The Prince was remarked for his unaffected 
ease, and also for his conviviality on this occasion. A 
song from Mr. George Grassie, founded on the lineage of 
the reigning Family as connected with the Scottish race, 
gave a happy tone to the entertainment, and was loudly 
encored by the Prince. This large and honoured festival 
was kept up with great spirit till i a.m., December 2nd, 
the Prince remaining until that hour. The whole arrange- 
ment was particularly flattering to the Society, and re- 
flected great credit upon the office-bearers for their spirit 
in conducting the whole afifair to such a happy conclusion. 
The cost of the entertainment was over four hundred 
pounds, which was defrayed by the subscription of mem- 
bers, many of whom gave from five to twenty pounds. 
This entertainment was noticed by all the leading jour- 
nals of America and Great Britain, and the New York 
press, in noticing the same, remarked that it was the 
greatest public dinner ever given by a charitable institu- 
tion in America. It certainly was a most illustrious 


assemblage. His Royal Highness, The Lieut. -Governor 
of the Province, with a brilliant suite ; Admiral Murray, 
Commander-in-Chief on the Station, with a large assem- 
blage of the Ofificers of the Army and Navy, joined with 
the majority of the wealthy Scottish merchants of Hali- 
fax, in every way bears evidence to the position occupied 
by our Society at that day. 


Under the Presidency of Chief Justice Strange the 
Society kept well to the front in efficiency and spirit. 
The four Quarterly meetings were held at the British 
Tavern, and the Chief Justice called several special meet- 
ings to examine into cases of distress which presented 
selves. During the vear the following were enrolled 
themselves. During the year the following were en- 
rolled members, proposed principally by ]\Ir. AA'illiam 
Forsyth : 

John Lennox. Kenneth MacKenzie, 

William Eddy, Peter Robb, 

Thomas Russell. James Mills, 

William Bremner, Alexander MacLean, 

William Patterson, AA'm. Gauld. 

At the meetings of this year Admiral Murray was a 
most constant attendant, and at the annual election of 
officers he was unanimously chosen President, but had 
to decline the honour, knowing that he would be un- 
avoidably absent during the next year. The Society 
then elected the following: 

Staff Commander Duncan, President; 

Hon. John Halliburton, Vice-President: 

Dr. D. Clarke and John Bremner, Asst. Vice, do.; 

Robert Lyon. Secretary: 

James Ewing. Asst. Secretary: 




John Ross, Treasurer: 

Committee of Charity, — re-elected ; 

Rev. Dr. Brown, Chaplain: 

John Taylor, Alcsscuger. 
The Festival, although not so brilliantly conducted as 
last year, was celebrated with great enthusiasm at the 
British Tavern, all the leading men of the Army, Navy 
and Departments being present, the Governor, Admiral 
and Bishop amongst the number. 

Biographical Notes — 1795. 

John Lennox and Peter Robb were in business together 
in flour and meal, head of Manchester Wharf, above the 
present Ordnance. They retired from trade in 1818. 

Chief Justice Strange, born in Aberdeen in 1752, was 
appointed Chief Justice of Xova Scotia in succession to 
Chief Justice Pemberton, in 1792, which office he held 
until 1797, when he resigned to accept the position of 
Chief Justice of Bombay. On his passage out to India, 
having convinced himself that he had unconsciously done 
injustice in one of his decisions before leaving the Bench, 
he wrote a friend in Halifax declaring his conviction, and 
enclosing a draft for the amount which the party had 
wrongfully paid. He was a man of magnificent presence, 
was social in character, and an enthusiastic Scotchman. 
His speeches at the Society meetings and dinners were 
oratorical efiforts of the brightest patriotic eloquence. He 
attained the position of Chief Justice of Calcutta in 1804, 
and died there in 181 1. 


The four Quarterly meetings were held at the British 
Coffee House. The Committee of Charity was kept 
actively employed, as a large amount stands upon the 


Treasurer's account as having been expended. This year 

several gentlemen joined, viz. : 

James \\'iseman, Rev. Dr. Arch. Gray, 

James Sharp, James Smith, 

James Munn, Alex. Fraser, 

}ilatthe\v Richardson, Alex. Halkett, 
John Walker, James Romans, 

Alex. Barnett, James Pirnie. 

At the November meeting, John Bremner and Richard 
Kidston became Perpetual Members by paying £ lo each 
to the funds. A Committee was appointed to invest all 
the funds of the Society in Provincial securities. A letter 
was read frpm Sir John Wentworth, the Lieut. -Governor, 
asking the Society to nominate two members to take 
charge of the estate of Mr. Samuel Scott, a lunatic. Chas. 
Geddes and William Lyon were appointed to that duty. 
The election of office-bearers resulted in the choice of the 
following : 

Hon. J. Halliburton, President: 

Dr. D. Clarke. J'icc-Pirsidcuf: 

William Smith.. , ^_^^,^_ Jlcc-Prcsidcnfs; 

Capt. Alex. Sutherland. ) 

Robert Lyon. Secretary: 

Matthew Richardson. Asst. Secretary: 

Wm. Kidston, Treasurer: 

Rev. Dr. Archibald Gray, Chaf^laiii. 

The Committee of Charity were unanimously re- 
elected, and also the Stewards of the Festival. 

The officers elect had charge of the arrangements for 
the festival which was held on the 30th at the British 
CoflFee House. The company sat down at 4 and rose at 
12 p.m. Among the invited guests were His Excellency 
Sir J()hn Wentworth. the Admiral, the Bishop of Xova 
Scotia and the Secretarv of the Province. 


Biographical Notes — 1796. 

Matthew Richardson, a most estimable member, was 
in business many years in Halifax, and made consider- 
able money. He was long- supposed to have been in 
partnership in several speculations with Earl Dalhousie, 
who had considerable funds at command while in British 

Rev. Dr. Arch. Gray afterwards became Chaplain of 
the Society. 

Hon. Henry Duncan, R.X., a conection of the 
•famous Xaval Commander, Viscount Duncan ; was born 
at Dundee in 175 1, and entering the Navy at an early 
aee, was in active service for many years in the East and 
on the West India Station. In 1780 he was appointed 
to the Halifax Dockyard with rank of Commander, and 
for many years was Commissioner, and was appointed 
by Lieut. -Governor Parr as member of Council for Nova 
Scotia. This position he retained for a lengthened 
period. In 1786 he became a member of the North 
British Society, and for over 20 years was a constant 
attendant at the meetings. He was a most popular man 
in Halifax, and was greatly interested in business with 
Alex. Brymer and others in various large speculations, 
which resulted in great profit to all concerned. In 1796 
he was elected President of the Society, and conducted 
the business of that year to the great satisfaction of the 
members. Commander Duncan was a pleasing speaker, 
and a loyal Scotchman through and through. 


The Society this year held its position, and even an 

increased interest appears to have been taken in its 

afifairs, by its large roll of members. The meetings all 


took place at the British Coffee House, and the following 
were admitted members: 

Robert Nicholl, James Frame, 

John Gaukl James Barron, 

John ]\IacAlpine, Peter McXab, 

Duncan ]\IacOueen, John ]\IcXab^ 

and the following elected Honorary members : 

Captain H. ]\Iowatt. H.^I. Ship Assistance; 

Captain A\'. Taylor, H.1\I. Ship Andromeda; 

Lieutenant Scott, do.; 

Lieutenant Chalmers. do.; 

Doctor Jamieson, H.^^I. Ship Ly;;.r. 
The Society again passed a vote of thanks to V\n-\. 
Forsyth & Co.. members, for their humanity and benevo- 
lence in forwarding to Scotland, free of expense, two 
orphans in their ship Cato. At the Xovember meeting 
a large amount was devoted to charitable objects, and 
considerable business involving the interests- of the 
Society transacted. The following office-bearers were 
elected : 

Doctor Duncan Clarke, Pirsidciif; 

John Bremner, Vice-President; 

George Grassie and Robt. Lyon, Asst. J 'ice-President; 

\\'iUia.m Kidston, Treasurer; 

James Ewing, Secretary; 

John Taylor. Asst. Secretary; 

Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 

Rev. Archibald Gray, Chaplain. 
The festival was celebrated with great eclat, on the 
30th, and was attended, as usual, by a large number of 
the leading men of the Province. 

Biographical Notes — 1797. 

Duncan MacQueen was connected with the Dock- 
yard and was a most esteemed official for many years. 

James Barron, a native of St. Andrew's, Scotland, was 
a leading merchant here for over half a century. 




It is surprising, in scanning the records of our Society, 
to observe how the interest was maintained in the affairs 
and routine business of the Association. After a term 
of years of uninterrupted prosperity the zeal in the duties 
of such an institution, located in a small community, 
might be expected to flag ; but it was not so in this case, 
as the following additions to the roll were made during 
the year : 

Donald Munro, Alexander Melvin, 

Alexander Phillips, Thomas Neilson, 

Thomas Richardson, Alex. McDougall, 

Alexander Fraser. 

Simon Fraser was elected an Honorary Member. 

This, with a large amount expended by the Charity; 
Committee, serves to show that our forefathers looked 
upon this institution as worthy of attention and building 

At the November meeting, which was attended by over 
80 members, the following were chosen office-bearers for 

John Bremner, President; 

George Grassie, Vice-President; 

Matthew Richardson, ) 

Robert Lyon. I ''^''^- Vice-Presidents; 

James Thorn, Secretary; 
James Kidston, Asst. Secretary; 
William Kidston, Treasurer ; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 
Rev. Archibald Gray, Chaplain; 
John Taylor, Messenger; 
Archibald Wilson, j 

James Barron, /- Stewards. 

James Frame, -' 


The 30th November was honored as usual ; a Sermon 
was preached before the Society by the Chaplain, Rev. 
Archibald Gray, at Mathers Church. The Society dined 
together at the British Tavern, over 150 were present, 
and the President, as in 1793, in honour of his re-election 
to the chair, furnished his own private wines to over 50 
public guests. 

Biographical Note — 1798. 

Simon Fraser belonged to the Fraser of Lovett family, 
a retired Captain of the Navy, who resided in Halifax 
until his death in 1821. 


This year was marked by the large attendance at the 
ordinary and extra meetings of the Society, on several 
occasions over one hundred being present. Several ship- 
wrecked mariners were looked after, and a great amount 
of distress alleviated. As this was noted as the most 
severe winter experienced since the settlement, the 
charity of the Society was every day called upon, and 
the vital good of the Institution was amply exhibited. 
The meetings were held at the British Coffee House, and 
at the November meeting the office-bearers for 1800 were 
elected, as follows : 

George Grassie, President; 

A\'m. Smith, Vice-Presidcn* ; 

^Matthew Richardson. 1 

James Thorn, ! '^''^- ^ ice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

James Fraser, Secretary; 

John Ross, Asst. Secretary; 

A\'iHiam Hogg, 1 

William Annand, 
James Romans, 
Robert Lyon, 
A. Morrison, 

Committee of Charity; 



James Barron, "j 

James Wilson, r Stcivards; 

James MacPherson, -' 

Rev. Archibald Gray, Chaplain; 
John Taylor, Messenger; 
During the year the following were admitted ordinary 

members : 

John Hay. William Robertson, 

Duncan MacPhergon, George Donaldson, 

Hugh MacDonald, John Wilson, 

John Livingstone, John James Grant, 

Donald Fraser, Thomas Buchanan, 

Alexander Mitchell, Hugh Ritchie. 

Captain Skene, H.M. Ship Dart, was unanimously 

elected an Honorary Member. 

The festival was celebrated in the usual style, on the 

30th, at the British Coffee House, there being over 100 

present, including Lieut. -Governor Wentworth and Suite. 


This year the meetings were held in various places ; 
the Wentworth Coffee House, Prince Edward's Hotel 
and the British Coffee House, having been patronized. 
The Society acquired but two members : 

William Strachan, John MacNaughton, 

A large sum was expended by the Charity Committee. 

It may here be noticed, that on the death of a member 
the Society was summoned to attend, and six appointed 
pall-bearers, but in conseciuence of the increasing num- 
ber of members, the deaths which happened from time 
to time were not noted on the records. A supply of 
mourning scarves, gloves, and hat-bands, was always 
kept on hand, provided at the expense of the Society. 


At the November meeting, which was attended by over 
sixtv members, the office-bearers were chosen as fol- 
lows : 

A\'illiam Smith. Prcsidoif; 

Tames Forman. J'icc-Prcsidoit: 

Captain Sutherland, i 

T T7 1 Asst. J'icc-Prcsidcufs; 

James rr^ser, I 

Robert Lyon. Treasurer; 

John Ross, Secretary: 

Daniel Fraser, Asst. Secretary: 

Committee of Charitv — re-elected ; 

Rev. Archibald Gray. CJiaplain: 

John Taylor, Messenger: 

Several shipwrecked seamen, who otherwise would 
have been uncared for. were forwarded to Scotland at the 
Society's expense. The festival was held at the British 
Tavern on the 30th. Lieut. -Governor Wentworth, 
Generals Boyer and Despard, Admiral A'andeput. Bishop 
Inglis and other notables present, and passed off as usual, 
well managed, and a complete success. 

By the Treasurer's Report this year, we find that the 
Society had now over £500 invested. 

At the close of the eighteenth centur}-. the Society 
occupied a leading place in the community. Enrolled in 
its ranks were all the wealthiest merchants of the Scot- 
tish fraternity in Halifax; and just here we would re- 
capitulate, for the benefit of many of their descendants, 
a few of the most enterprising and prominent of them : 
Peter McXab. Alex. Brymer, James Black, AMlliam 
Bowie, Andrew ]^IcGill, Michael Wallace. John Bremner. 
Richard Kidston. Sen., Alex. Copeland, James Strachan, 
Robt. Geddes, Chas. Geddes, William and Robt. Lyon, 
Peter Lennox, Anthony Stewart. Jas. Benvie. Wva. 
Forsyth, James Ewing, Dunbar Sloane. A\'illiam Kidston. 
John Grant, George Grassie, Winckworth Allan, John 
Black, James Fraser, James Thorn, AMlliam Bremner, 



Alex. }ilitchell. Matthew Richardson, James Grant. W'm. 
Strachan. Duncan Brown, James Forman, W'm. Smith, 
Wm. Shaw, — a prreat Hst of worthy Scottish merchants, 
who for many years illustrated by their example and suc- 
cess the virtues and indomitable cner^^y of the Scottish 
people they so well represented. 

The above by no means exhausts the list of the Scot- 
tish mercantile guild of our City at that early period. l)ut 
for illustration it is sufficient. The majority not only 
enjoyed their well-earned n-ealth, but they were fore- 
most in all good works, and achieved many honours, and 
at a time in Halifax of great demoralization and pro- 
fligacy set an example for uprightness and virtue, which 
was a very bulwark of strength to our community, the 
good effect of which is felt to-dav, and which makes 
their memories revered by the Scotchmen of our City, 
who feel that they laid the foundations of a mercantile 
niorality, which it is incumbent upon their successors to 
copy and perpetuate. We speak here but of the mer- 
chants, as they so largely predominated at this date in 
our Society ; but our Professional list was a Ions' and 
illustrious one, besides those w^ho belonged to the more 
retired walks of life. All were worthy Scots — all worthy 
of the fraternitv anrl of th? land thev came from. 


The quarterlv meetin<7s were held this year at the 
British Coffee House, ?nd were well attended. Over 
£100 was laid out by the Charitv Committee, and £50 
invested, showing the funds of the Society to have been 
well attended to. Xothing of interest otherwise was 
transacted. Four ordinary members were admitted. 
viz. : 

James Fergus. Alexander Brown, 

David Shepherd. Thomas Moir. 


The Hon. William Forsyth became a Perpetual Mem- 
ber, by the payment of the usual £io. The Hon. Alex- 
ander Brymer made a donation to the Society of £ lo, he 
beinq- a perpetual member since 1783. and received the 
thanks of the members. 

At the Xovember meeting, the following were elected 
office-bearers for- 1802: 

James Forman. Prcsidoif: 

James Fraser, Jlcc-P resident ; 

AMlliam Annand^ I 

Laptam Sutherland, ' 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer: 

Daniel Fraser, Secretar\: 

John Taylor, Asst. Secretarx: 

^^'m. Annand. ^ 

Alex. Morrison, / 

Robert Lyon, T Committee of Charity; 

James Romans, ' 

Rev. Archibald Gray, Chaplain; 

John Taylor, Messenger. 

The 30th was dulv celebrated by the Society dining 
together at the British Coffee House ; this year about 
150 sat down. The Band of the 24th Foot was stationed 
in the Orchestra. The following toasts were given from 
the ch?.ir. 


1. The Pious ^Memory of St. Andrew. 

GilH'' Callimi and Caledoniaji Hunt. 

2. The King. 

God Saz-e the King ami Braes of Auanihstertire. 

3. The Queen. 

Oscar and Malvina aiui Birks of Abergeldic. 

4. The Prince and Princess of A\'ales. 

Glamorganshire March and Duncan Davison. 

5. Duke of York and British Army. 

Duke of York's March and Lady Baird's Reel. 


6. Duke of Clarence. 

The JVafcry Gods, Dainty Daz'ic. 

7. Duke of Kent, may the good wishes he has testified 

for the prosperity of this Province be gratefully 


Duke of Kent's Mareli, Yelloi^' haired Laddie 
and Lady Harriot Hope's Reel. 

8. The British Constitution, may it baffle all the at- 

tempts of its Enemies to subvert it. 

Liberty Hall, Dueliess of Gordon. 

9. The Governor and Province of Nova Scotia, may its 

prosperity increase and its loyalty be perpetual. 
Jove in his Chair and Saz'age Danee. 

10. His Majesty's Ministers, may the wisdom of their 

Councils confound his Enemies. 

London Mareh and Col. MeBean. 
* Lord St. Vincent and the British Xavy. 

Hearts of Oak and Miss Hunter. 

11. The Admiral and Squadron. 

Rule Britannia and Fife Hunt and Sainly o'er the Sea. 

12. The General and Garrison. 

Grenadiers March and Lord MeDonald's Reel. 

13. The British Triangle, may each side of it prove alike. 

St. George's Day, St. Patriek's Day and Galium 
Shiarghlas and Carlio)ii. 

14. May the French when half seas over stumble upon 

British Oaks. Malbrook. 

15. The impression of the British arms on Bonaparte. 

Britons strike Iiome and Birks of Inz'eruiav. 

16. The memory of Lord Howe. 

Thursday in the morning and Braes of Tillymit. 
■17. Lord Nelson and the memorable ist of August. 

When at Zi.'ar o)i the ocean a)id I'll gae nac more to 
yon Town. 
19. Lord Duncan and his tartan mode of fighting the 
Dutch on the nth of October. 

The Topsails shizrr and Caledonia hearts delis^ht. 


19. The memory of the brave Sir Ralph Abercrombie 

and the heroes who bled and fell with him on the 
plains of Egypt. 

The Garb of Old Gaul and Marquis of Hnntly. 

20. All the British Heroes who have fallen or bled in 

their Country's Cause. 

Dcil tak the zcars a)id Cameronia)i Rant. 

21. The Hero of Acre, who defied the Corsican Tyrant, 

even at the head of his invincible Army. 

He cones, he ccnies, the Hero comes, and British 
2.2. A" the bonny lassies that ar e among the heather. 

Maggie Lawdcr and o'er tlie Miiir among the heather. 
2T,. Roast Beef, Plum Pudding, Haggis, Fish and Pota- 
toes to our united Kingdoms, and Frogs and Soup 

Meagre to the Democrats of France. 

A. Medley. 

24. The Commerce of ye British Empire, long may it 


The Spi)ining JVheel and Plough Boy. 

25. The Fair Daughters of Acadia. 

Say Ma)iey. zcilt thou ga)ig we' me? 

26. The Land- of Cakes. 

Braes of Ballenden and Corn Riggs are bonny. 

27. The Kirk of Scotland. 

The Dutchess wherever she goes a)ui Lady Lucy Gary. 

28. The Beggar's Benison. 

Kiss }ny Lady. 

29. Rob Gib's Contract. 

John Andcrsoji my Joe. 

30. All absent members. 

Tlu^ last time I came o'er the Mai)i. 

31. The Sons of St. Andrew all over ye world. 

O'er the hills and far az^'a' ami "z>.'ae's my heart 
that zee shoidd sunder." 
The ordinary subscription to dinners, by vouchers of 
this date of the Society, appears to have been about £ i 
5s. sterling. 


Biographical Note — 1801. 

James Forman was for many years a member of the 
firm of Forman, Grassie & Co., large importers. Mr. 
Forman was a most popular member for over half a cen- 


Under the care of such popular office-bearers, the 
Society progressed in its good work. A large amount 
was expended in charity. Amongst the number relieved, 
we find the name of Rev. Matthew Dripps, who received 
£20 from the funds. 

John Liddell and James Grant 
were admitted ordinary members ; and 

Vice Admiral Sir A. Mitchell, K.B., 

Rear Admiral Douglass, 

Sir Robert Laurie, 

Captain Oughton, R.N., 

Alexander Green, 
were elected as Honorary Members. 

The meetings were well attended, and the festival on 
the 30th was celebrated at the British Tavern, with great 
eclat, at a cost of about £250. At the November meet- 
ing, the following were elected to office for 1803 : 

James Fraser, President; 

William Lyon, Vice-President; 

James Thom, ) 

Robert Lyon. ) ^''^- Vice-Presidents; 

James Fergus, Secretary; 
Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 
James Grant, Asst. Secretary; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 
Rev. Archibald Gray, Chaplain. 


Biographical Note — 1802. 

Mr. Dripps was Presbyterian minister at Shelburne. 
He came soon after the settlement, and was a great 
favorite with the people there. He resided at Halifax 
for a short time, and was assistant minister at St. 


The meetings of the Society were held, for the first 
time, at the Jerusalem Cofifee House, a well-patronized 
and well-kept place of resort. But one ordinary member 
was admitted : 

W'ilHam Bowie. 

By a statement from the Treasurer, it appears that the 
following is the correct amount of funds invested : — 

Thomas Donaldson's bond for £360 o o 

Alexander Clunas do 70 o o 

Robert Lyon do 50 o o 

Hands of Treasurer for interest 70 o o 

£550 o o 
This sum, with the large amount yearly distributed by 
the Charity Committee, shows the Society's finances to 
have been in a prosperous condition. 

The following were elected office-bearers at the Novem- 
ber meeting, which was largely attended : 
William Lyon, Pirsidctit; 
James Thorn, Jlcc-Prcsidciit; 
James Fergus, | 

John Liddell, I '"^•^■^^- Vice-Presidents; 
Robert Lvon, Treasurer; 
James Grant, Seeretarw 
A\'illiam Bowie, Asst. Secretarv; 



Committee of Charity; 

\\'illiani Hogg, 

James Romans, 

William Annand, 

Robert Lyon, 

A. Morrison, 

Rev. Arch. Gray. Chaplain. 
A large Committee was appointed to superintend the 
festival, and the public guests, including the Lieut.- 
Governor Sir John Wentworth, Admiral Mitchell, 
General Bowyer. etc., were invited at the expense of the 
Societv. The speeches were good, particularly the one 
given by Attorney-General Richard John Uniacke. 

Biographical Note — 1803. 

Hon. James Fraser, a cadet of the family of Fraser of 
Lovet, was one of our most distinguished members. He 
was born at Farraline, Inverness-shire, Scotland, in 1759, 
educated at Aberdeen, and came out to Nova Scotia in 
1780, and conducted for many years a most successful 
business in Halifax, on the present site of Commercial 
Wharf. Extending his operations, he entered into part- 
nership with James Thom, a wealthy Scottish merchant 
of this city, well known for his sterling worth and stand- 
ing in commercial circles. Together they conducted an 
extensive lumbering business at Mirimachi, and a great 
fishing establishment at Arichat, employing a large body 
of men. They amassed great wealth, and were noted for 
their liberal dealings with their employees. 

Mr. Fraser joined the Society in 1788, was a most 
enthusiastic member, and was elected President for 1803. 
He greatly enlivened the Quarterly and Annual meetings 
with his eloquence, was a popular public man, and in 
1818 was called to the Executive Council — the old Coun- 
cil of Twelve — under the auspices of Lord Dalhousie, 
then Lieut. -Governor. His family — sons and grand- 
sons — have continued their connection with our Society, 


and have been all most valued members. Mr. Fraser 
died in 1819, aged 60 years, and was buried in old St. 
Paul's Churchyard. His portrait is a copy from Field. 


This year, under the direction of one of the most popu- 
lar Presidents who has ever held the office, Mr. Wm. 
Lyon, a gentleman highlv educated, and in every way 
fitted for the position, the Society flourished. Many 
families landing in the Colony were relieved, and several 
were enabled to return to Scotland. Mr. Archibald 
McColl was admitted an ordinary member, and the Right 
Hon. the Earl of Selkirk, having heard of the great 
amount of good performed by the Institution, and hav- 
ing seen the rules of the Society, sent the liberal dona- 
tion of twenty pounds sterling, with the request that his 
name might be added to the list of perpetual members. 
The following acknowledgment was sent by the Presi- 
dent to the E?.rl : 

" Halifax, Nov. 20th, 1804. 
Mv Lord, — 

I have had the honor to receive from your Lordship, 
bv the hands of James Stewart. Esq., the liberal donation 
you were pleased to make this day to the North British 
Society, who will be proud to consider your Lordship as 
an Honorary Member of this Caritable Institution. 

Permit me, in the name of the Society, to return your 
Lordshio their warm thanks for the testimony of your 
beneficence, and to express their fervent wishes that you 
may hav3 a safe and speedy return to your native coun- 

I ha'i/e the honor to remain. 
My Lord, 
Your very respectful and 
Obliged humble servant, 

William Lyon, 

The Right Hon. the Earl of Selkirk." 




The Earl, while in Halifax, was the guest of Sir John 
Wentworth, and made himself popular with the Scottish 
community. He was head and projector of a coloniz- 
ation scheme for settling Prince Edward Island, and also 
was largely interested in the Hudson Bay Company. 

A large amount was this year expended in charity. 

At the Xovember meeting, which was held at the Jeru- 
salem Coffee House, a large number attended, and as 
usual, the officers for the ensuing year were appointed, 
but before this was done, it was moved that the sense of 
the meeting be taken as to whether it would be prudent 
to celebrate the Festival. After discussing the subject, 
it was decided by a large majority, to allow the anniver- 
sary to pass this year unnoticed. The festival of the 
previous year, and indeed those of late years, had been 
expensive undertakings, and the great portion of the 
deficit wdiich always occurred, fell heavily on the officers 
elect. This led to the question being raised at this meet- 
ing, and on the decision depended the acceptance of office, 
bv the parties whom the members intended to elect. 
This matter being settled, the following office-bearers 
were appointed : 

James Thom, President; 

James Fergus, ]'^ ice-President; 

John Liddell. ] 

Peter Robb, ) ^'^''^- ^'ice-Presidents; 

James Grant, Secretary; 

Wm. Bowie, Asst. Secretary; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

William Annand, 

RoDert Lyon, 

Peter Robb, > Committee of Charity; 

A. ]^.!orrison, I 

A. .Mitchell, ■ ' 

Rev. Arch. Gray, Cliaplain. 


The decision of the Society to allow the festival to pass 
unnoticed caused the first omission of the kind since the 
formation of the Society. 


This year the Society met at the British Coffee House, 
and appears, by the records, to have had sufficient to 
attend to in following out its charitable end, every quar- 
ter a large numbei of applicants being relieved. Petition 
after petition was presented, giving us an idea of the des- 
titution prevailing at the time. £26 were voted to four 
applicants, at the February meeting, and the poor situ- 
ation of the widow of a deceased member having come 
to the notice of the Society, a Committee was appointed 
to look after her affairs, to donate £10 at once, and to 
lend her £50 from the Society's funds for five years 
without interest. This is but one specimen of the way 
in which our Institution performed its duty. 

At the November meeting the following office-bearers 
were elected : 

Mr. James Ewing, President; 

W'm. Annand, V^ ice-President ; 

Peter Robb, { 

Wn.i. Duffus, I ^'^''^- V^ce-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

James Fraser, Secretary; 

Committee of Charity — re-elected; 

Rev. Arch. Gray, Chaplain (re-elected). 

The ordinary members admitted were : 

David Ferrie, 

W. G. Forsyth. 

John Livingstone. 
Three honorary members were elected, viz. : 

Robert Ferguson, 

Edward Mortimer, 

William Bannerman. 


The festival was duly celebrated at the British Coffee 
House on. the 30th, and was attended by 140 members 
and guests. 

Biographical Notes — 1805. 

Mr. James Ewing" was a native of Galashields, Scot- 
land. He was a most enthusiastic member, a splendid 
speaker and a kind-hearted man, with a big fortune. He 
conducted a cordage and iron business on Bedford Row 
for many vears. 

James Thorn occupied the Chair of the Society in 1805, 
1812 and 1813, was a great favorite with the members, 
a most eminent Scot. Born at Edinburgh in 1751, and 
educated there, he at an early age came from Leith to 
Halifax, and in possession of considerable funds furnished 
by his family, entered into business on A\'ater Street, 
below Ordnance Wharf. He was from the start fortu- 
nate, and as usual at that day, went into the purchase 
of vessels captured bv the Fleet on the Station, and 
brought into Halifax, and condemned and sold by the 
Court of Admiralty. It was a lucrative line of business, 
and like others of the Scottish merchants of Halifax, he 
made money. Subsequently he became a partner in the 
business of Hon. James Eraser, and the new firm was 
known to the world as Eraser, Thom & Co. Their place 
of business was on Upper Water Street, near Jacob 
Street. Both Mr. Eraser and Mr. Thom were active 
and good working members of our Society. Socially 
they were eminent in the community, members of Coun- 
cil, etc., and each enjoyed the unbounded confidence of 
the people. Mr. Thom, after an active life, closed out 
his business and returned to Scotland, where he died in 



But little of interest is recorded this year, and the 
attendance at the four quarterly meetings was not quite 
up to the usual record. The British Coffee House was 
patronized this year by the Society for its meetings. 

James Donaldson (2nd) was admitted an ordinary 
member. About seventy pounds was expended by the 
Committee of Charity, and it is noticed that many of the 
parties relieved were either widows or orphans of 
deceased members. At the November meeting the office- 
bearers elected were the following: 

Charles Geddes, President; 

Wm. Duffus, Vice-President; 

Alex. Morrison, i 

Wm. Forsyth, j ^■^•^^- Vice-Presidents; 

Robt. Lyon, Treasurer; 

James Forman, Secretary; 

Geo. Donaldson. Assf. Secretary; 

Robt. Lyon. Alex, ^lorrison, "^ Committee 

W'm. DufTus, Geo. Donaldson, r of 

Alex. Mitchell, J Charity; 

Rev. Archd. Gray, Chaplain; 

Thomas Ross, Messenger; 

Owing to the objections already cited in 1804, the 
Society had no public dinner or demonstration on the 
30th. These entertainments were at first designed to be 
of a quiet character, and to be simply social reunions of 
the Society, but gradually many outside the pale of the 
Association were invited, till at length the guests fre- 
quently outnumbered the members. This practice gave 
great dissatisfaction to many who could not afford the 
expense of such an entertainment as was sometimes pro- 
vided when the Governor, Judges and a large list of 
Military Officials were among the invited guests. In 



later years many worthy and talented members declined 
serving as office-bearers, for no other reason than that 
their circumstances did not admit of a display equal to 
that of their brother members. The position of Presi- 
dent of the North British Society v* as at this time 
socially a most distinguished one, and involving as it 
did the entertainment of the foremost men of the 
day, demanded wealth, polish, and acquaintance socially 
with the world, not only the credit of the President indi- 
vidually was concerned, bu*^^ the proper and traditional 
hospitality of the Society was involved, so that really 
the number who could accept the office was limited to 
but few. There is no doubt, however, that the practice 
had the effect of making the Institution popular, and of 
giving it a prominent position. 

Biographical Note — 1806. 

Charles Geddes conducted a successful dry-goods busi- 
ness on Granville Street for many years at the corner of 
Duke Street. He was long connected with the Society, 
a leading member of St. ^Matthew's Church, prominent 
in Militia matters, and a most patriotic Scotsman. His 
estate was estimated to be worth £ 100,000 sterling. 


The Records show a little more activity in the work- 
ing of the Society this year, than in the preceding one. 
The meetings were well attended and took place at the 
British Coffee House. Several ordinary members were 
admitted who were in after years conspicuous for their 
zeal in the Society's welfare. Their names are : 
John Ritchie, John Black, Jr., 

John Sim.pson, John Telford, 

Alex. Smith. 


And George Grant, an old and respected member, became 
a Perpetual Member on paying the sum of Ten Pounds. 
Several immigrants from Scotland landed late in the 
autumn and were looked after by the Committee of 
Charity. At the Annual Meeting, which was well at- 
tended, the following Office Bearers were chosen: 

A\'m. Duffus. President: 

Peter Robb, ]^ ice-President: 

lames Grant. [ 

\\- D • ( x-isst. I'icc-Presidents; 

\\ m. Bowie. .' 

Robert Lyon. Treasurer; 

Alex. Smith, Secretary: 

John Telford. Asst. Secretary; 

Alexander ^lorrison. i 

Alexander Mitchell, | Committee 

Robert Lyon. I of 

George Donaldson, I Chanty; 

Thomas Donaldson. 

Chaplain — re-elected. 

Statement of Funds, at the Annual ^Meeting: 

Robert Lyon's Bond £200 o o 

Thomas Donaldson's do 360 o o 

On hand for investment 40 o o 

£ 600 o o 

The Festival was celebrated on the 30th most enthu- 
siasticallv. bv the Society dining together at the British 
Coffee House. 180 present. The toasts numbered over 
sixty. The music by the Band of the ist Royals was 
noted for its excellence. 

Biographical Note — 1807. 

A\'m. Duffus was a most popular member and leader 
of the Scottish communit}-. He was a fine, clear speaker, 
and made a good President. He made a fair fortune in 
business and several fortunate ventures in privateering, 
one alone netting him £12.030 sterling. 



This year the Society reheved many strangers and 
residents who were in want, the Charity Committee 
looked well after the distressed, and were enabled by 
the grants made at each meeting to uphold the name the 
Society had made for its liberality. Five ordinary mem- 
bers were admitted, viz. : 

Alexander Fiddes, John Henry, 

Thomas Mudie, Wm. Bremner, 

Daniel Sutherland, 
Geo. Robinson, Esq. (Digby), was elected Honorary- 
member. At the August meeting the Society made a grant 
of Fifty Pounds to the Presbyterian Congregation, 
Mathers Church; or St. Matthew's, to enable them to 
purchase a Parsonage House, this object being con- 
sidered worthy of the Society's attention. 

At the Annual Meeting it was decided, by a large 
majority, to celebrate the Festival by dining together, 
and that the office-bearers might not be put to much 
expense it was decided to have no public guests. The 
following gentlemen were elected office-bearers for 

John Black, President; 

John Liddell, Vice-President; 

James Ewing, ( 

James Thom, ) ^^^^^- Vice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

John Telford, Secretary; 

Alexander Fiddes, Asst. Secretary; 

Alexander Morrison, 

Robert Lyon, \ Committee 

Alexander Mitchell, \ of 

George Donaldson^ | Charitx; 

Thomas Donaldson, J 

Rev. Archd. Gray, Chaplain. 


The Festival was celebrated on the 30th, at Masonic 
Hall, with great satisfaction to the Society ; 105 members 

Biographical Notes — 1808. 

Alexander Fiddes was the senior member of the firm 
of Fiddes, Ma-*' & Robinson, large West India importers, 
who did business where G. P, Mitchell & Sons are at 
present. Mr. Fiddes was a well-educated man, a whole- 
souled, patriotic Scot. He was a leader in all good 
works in Halifax for over forty years. 

Mr. John Black, senior member of the firm of Black, 
Forsythe & Co., was one of the best representative 
Scotch merchants of our city. He was a member of 
Council, and for many years a leading man in every walk 
of life. He built the granite house on Hollis Street, near 
Government House, in later years occupied by Bishop 
Binney. The granite he imported in his ships from 


The meetings were held at the Jerusalem Tavern, and 
great apparent interest is shown by the Records to have 
been taken by the members in the working of the Society. 
One hundred pounds was expended in Charity, and 
amongst the items we notice a vote of £12 los. to a poor 
immigrant for the purchase of a horse. The following 
ordinary members signed the Roll of the Society: 
John Barron, George Mitchell. 

John Buchan, William Strachan, Jr. 

The steady increase of members from year to year, 
numbering amongst them the most influential men of 
the Province, bears evidence to the fact of the prepon- 
derance of the Scottish slement in the Colonv at this 




date. At the November meeting, the following office- 
bearers were elected : 

John Liddell, President; 

James Irving, Vice-President; 

James Thom, | 

John Henry, / '^''^' ^ice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 
John Telford, D. Sutherland, Secretaries; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 
Chaplain — re-elected. 

The arrangements for the Festival were left with the 
office-bearers, which was duly celebrated on the 30th, at 
the Jerusalem Tavern, over 200 dining together, at which 
His Excellency Sir Geo. Prevost and suite. General 
Houghton and suite, and the Heads of Departments were 
the invited guests, at the expense of the Society. 

Biographical Notes — 1809. 

Mr. Geo. Mitchell, grandfather of our esteemed mem- 
ber, Geo. Mitchell, M.P.P., was for over fifty years a 
member of our Society, and Treasurer from 1818 to 

William Strachan occupied a leading position in our 
city as a West India merchant. He came from Aberdeen- 
shire in 1796, and for thirty years was a valued member 
of our Society. His descendants are still numbered with 
the Institution. 

John Liddell was Chief Police Magistrate for many 
years. He was appointed by Sir Jas. Kempt, and dis- 
charged his onerous duties to the great satisfaction of 
the citizens of Halifax, who presented him with a magni- 
ficent Silver Service on his retirement from office. 



The Quarterly Meetings were held at the Masonic Hall. 
They were meagrely attended, but the Committee of 
Charity looked well after such poor as were entitled to 
their consideration. Ten ordinary members were ad- 
mitted, several of whom for a long period served the 
Society well, viz : 

Richard Kidston. Jr.. James Bain, 
William Kidston, Jr., Michl. McXaughton, 
John Clark, David Muirhead, 

Samuel Thomson, John Henderson, 

Richard Scott, James Scott, 

John Tulles. 

At the November meeting the office-bearers for 181 1 
were elected as follows : 

James Ewing, President; 

James Thom, Vice-President; 

John Henry, ( 

William Bowie, ) ^''^- ^ ice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 
James Telford, 
William Bremner, Secretaries; 
Rev. Arch. Gray, Chaplain; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected. 

No arrangements having been made for the Festival, 
it was passed by this year unnoticed. 


At the Exchange Coffee House the meetings were held 
this year, but no new members were acquired. The 
Committee of Charity were, as usual, actively employed, 
as there were several families of immigrants in want. 


The ^reat good of such a national charitable organiz- 
ation as our Society was proved at this time, as the 
ordinary charity of the city was quite inadequate for the 
wants of the manv immigrants who were landing on our 
shores, several in want of assistance. Numbers who 
had been unfortunate, or who getting old, and in poor 
circumstances, wished to return to their native country 
to end their days with their friends, were forwarded to 
Scotland by the Society. At the November meeting, 
which was well attended, the following gentlemen were 
chosen to govern the Society for 1812: 

James Thom, President; 

John Henry, Vice-President; 

William Bowie, I , r^ - • , 

T>- 1 J T^-j ^ I -i^'st. I- ice-Prcsidents; 

Richard Kidston, ' 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

William Bremner, Secretary; 

George Mitchell. Asst. Secretary; 

Alexander Morrison. 

William DufTus, Committee 

Thomas Donaldson. - of 

John Black, Charity; 

Alexander Mitchell. 

Rev. Arch. Gray, Chaplain. 

Arrangements for celebrating the 30th November were 
left with the officers elect. The day was duly honored 
by the Society dining together at the Masonic Hall. 
Lieut. -Governor, Lieut. -General Sir John Coape Sher- 
brooke and Stafif, the Admiral, Bishop Inglis, Rev. Robt. 
Stanser, Rector of St. Paul's, and other notables being 
present on the occasion. The Band of the 8th Regiment 
occupied the Orchestra. 



The meetings were held at the Exchange Coffee House, 
and were largely attended. 

The following ordinary members were admitted: 

Tames Russell, 
George N. Russell, 
John Farquharson, 
James Gordon. 

The Charity Committee expended a large sum, as there 
were many applications for relief. We notice also that 
the Society loaned a poor member £12, to be repaid when 
possible, without interest. 

£40 was funded this year, in addition to the large 
amount already at interest. 

The following were elected office-bearers at the Novem- 
ber meeting: 

James Thom, President; 

John Henry, Vice-President; 

Richard Kidston \ 

Wm. Bowie, f '^''^- Vice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 
Wm. Bremner, Secretary; 
Geo. Mitchell, Asst. Secretary; 
Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 
Chaplain — re-elected. 

The Society dined together on the 30tli at the Exchange 
Coffee House. About 180 present, which included every 
Scottish merchant in the community. 



The Society this year held four interesting meetings 
at The Exchange. Great harmony is apparent, as nearly 
all questions submitted were passed unanimously. The 
following were admitted members : 

William Murray, Alexander Grant^ 

Patrick Ross, Arch. McDonald, 

James Hogg, David Dundas, 

Henry Ford^ Daniel Grant, 

William Daling, James Grant. 

The sum of £49 5s. was voted to Mr. James Ewing, 

an old and popular member of the Society, who had lost 

his large wharf property by fire. 

Nearly £100 was expended by the Committee of 
Charity. At the August meeting, Mr. John Moffatt was 
elected an honorary member. And the following gentle- 
men were, at the annual meeting, chosen office-bearers 
for 1814: 

James Forman, President; 

Richard Kidston, Vice-President; 

James Bain, ^ 

Alex. Fiddes, J ^^^^- ^ice-Presidents; 

Robert Lyon, Treasurer; 

George Mitchell, Secretary; 

John Buchan, Asst. Secretary; 

F. Mudie, 




James Smithy 

Alex. Mitchell, 

Robert Lyon, 

Jas. Donaldson, 

Rev. Arch. Gray, Chaplain. 

The Festival was duly honored by the Society dining 
together at the Masonic Hall, about one hundred and 
fifty members being present. Among the guests were 


Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren, his Flag Captain, Sir 
John Beresford, with Lord Townshend. Post Captain in 
command of the celebrated Eolus, once Nelson's fast 
dispatche ship.. The Admiral gave a stirring speech, 
complimenting the Scottish merchants upon their sagaci- 
ty and the rapid fortunes they were realizing from the 
prizes brought into Halifax by the Fleet and continued 
in the Admiralty Court, and referred to a sale on March 
19th. 1813, when 12 full-rigged ships. 8 brigs and 19 
schooners, with their cargoes, were sold to the highest 

Biographical Notes — 1813. 

William Murray was a native of Dornoch, Sutherland- 
shire, Scotland, a great favorite in Halifax, a generous, 
whole-souled man. His family and connections have 
been long in the Society ; several of them in following 
generation filled the Chair with great satisfaction to the 
members. Mr. Murray conducted a large business for 
a number of years at North Sydney. 

Arch. ]\Iacdonald was a native of Dornoch. Scotland, 
who came to Halifax in 1802. and conducted an extensive 
crockeryware establishment on Bedford Row. near Sack- 
ville Street. He was a most enthusiastic Highlander, and 
was the first to start with others a Curling Club. The 
first Dartmouth Lake was their rink. 

James Forman was for many years a member of the 
great importing firm of Forman, Grassie & Co., whole- 
sale wine merchants, and the lareest wine importers in 
British America. 

Rev. Archibald Gray, D.D., Chaplain of the Society 
from 1796 to 1822, and Minister of St. Matthew's Church 
from 1795 to 1826, was an M.A. of King's College, Aber- 
deen, and came to Halifax to succeed Dr. Andrew Brown 



in the Pastorate of St. Matthew's in 1795, and soon at- 
tained a high position as a preacher and scholar in the 
town and Province. So popular, was he with all sects 
and classes in Nova Scotia that King's College, Windsor, 
made him a D.D.. an vmprecedented honor for King's to 
confer on a dissenter. Dr. Gray was a man of refinement 
and social culture, a pleasing speaker, and had a magnetic 
temperament, which was inspiring, and contributed 
greatly to his popularity. He was ever a strong advocate 
for Free Public Schools, and early in 1807 was the prin- 
cipal SDeaker at a public meeting held at Masonic Hall to 
consider the question and the state of education in our 
town. The Doctor joined the North British Society in 
1796, and was at once elected Chaplain, and for a long 
period was the very life of the Quarterly and Annual 
Meetings. His patriotic addresses, his rare Scottish 
humor and geniality made him a strong personality 
among the many talented men then numbered with the 
Society. He lived for many years in a large house on 
Granville Street, opposite Province Building, site of 
Acadian Hotel, and was for several years before his death 
confined to his house with paralysis. The kindest feel- 
ing and cordial co-operation of the Episcopalians was 
manifested by the fact that Rev. John Inglis (afterward 
Bishop of Nova Scotia), Rev. Isaac Temple and Rev. 
Dr. Twining, preached in St. Matthew's for nearly two 
years, or until the arrjval of the Rev. Robt. Knox, who 
was sent out from Scotland as an assistant minister for 
St. Matthew's. In 1826 Dr. Gray died, and was buried 
in old St. Paul's Churchyard. His portrait inserted in 
this volume is copied from a painting by Robt. Field. 


Under such a popular President as Mr. James Forman, 
the Society, as might be expected, kept well up to the 
mark in usefulness and vigor. A large number were 


admitted as ordinary members, as the following list will 
testify : 

Duncan AIcColl, James Leishman, 

John McPherson, Thomas Gentles, 

John Scobie, John Roy, 

Adam Ross, Stewart Wallace, 

Duncan McFarlane, John Frp.ser, 
Andrew Mills, Alex. ISIay, 

John Munro. 
Jas. AlcXab (Hon.), for many years Father of the 

Among the gentlemen named above will be noticed 
several who were noted for their attention during long 
lives, to the business and carrying out of the objects of 
our Institution. 

Samuel Muirhead was elected a Perpetual Member. 
Over £80 was expended in charity. A Committee was 
appointed to look over the by-laws, but reported at the 
November meeting that no additions or alterations were 
necessary, and recommended that the Society authorize 
the printing of 300 copies, which was approved of and 
ordered to be carried into efifect. This year the President 
was empowered to procure a Silver Seal for the use of 
the Society. The election of office-bearers resulted as 
follows : 

Richard Kidston. Jr., President; 

James Bain, J'icc-Prcsidcnf; 

Alexander Fiddes, | 

Henrv Ford. \ ^-isst. J'icc-Prcsidcnts; 

Robt. Lyon, Treasurer; 
Jas. Smith, 

Committee of Charitv; 

Arch. Macdonald, 

Alex. Mitchell, 

Robt. Lyon, 

Adam Ross, 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplain. 

Geo. Mitchell, ' ] 

T , T, 1 ' ^)ecrefartis 

John Buchan, I 

Alex. Ross, Messe>i(^er. 


The Society celebrated St. Andrew's by the usual din- 
ner at the Masonic Hall. 200 present. Lieut. -Governor 
Sherbrooke and Staff, Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren 
and Staff of 14 Post Captains, at the time at Halifax, 
being among the invited guests. 

The responses were many and enthusiastic. The band 
of the 64th Regiment furnished the music. 

The toast list was as follows : 


1. The Pious memory of St. Andrew. 

The Garb of Old Gaul and TuUochgorum. 

2. Our good and venerable King — Let us always re- 

vere his character and exemplary virtues, and 
patiently submitting to the will of Providence, 
to his last days, pray for the restoration of his 

3. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent of the United 

Kingdom — May he follow the example of his 
royal father, and maintain with equal firmness 
and impartiality the privileges of the Crown, and 
the rights of the people. 

Prince Regent's March, Xo. 2p. 

4. The Queen and a" her royal bairns. 

The Duke of York's March and British Grenadiers. 

6. The Duke of Clarence, and the Royal Navy. 

Rule Britannia. 

7. His Royal Highness the Duke of Kent. 

Sprig of Shillclah. 

8. Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte of 


All the zi'orld loivs me. 

9. His Majesty's ministers. May they prosecute the 

war in America with the same firmness and suc- 
cess that they did in Europe, and make a peace 
honorable to the nation and beneficial to the colo- 

Sons' in A-inna. 


10. Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington. Long may- 

he live to enjoy his well earned laurels, and the 
deserved admiration of all the world. 

See the Conquering Hero Comes. 

11. Alexander. Emperor of all the Russias. May the 

favorable impression made on him by John Bull 
cement a lasting friendship between the Bull and 

the Bear. 

Ri{ssian March. 

12. The Emperor of Austria. 

German Waltz. 

13. The King of Prussia. 

March in the Battle of Prague. 

14 Louis the XVIIL May he recollect with grati- 
tude the nation which afforded him protection 
during the unparalleled troubles of his country, 
and was the chief cause of restoring him to the 

throne of France. 

White Cockade. 

15. The Congress of Vienna. May the united wisdom 

of this great assembly lay a solid foundation for 
the future peace and security of all Europe, leav- 
ing Great Britain alone to humble the pride and 
insolence of America. 

Cock a Doodle Doo! 

16. Our good and brave Governor, Sir John Coape Sher- 

brooke, and the land we live in. May he long 
continue to govern this Province, and when called 
from it, have an early opportunity of teaching the 
Americans the same lesson he taught the French 
at Talavera. 

God Sai'C the King and British Grenadiers. 

17. May Britain maintain the empire of the seas on the 

fair principle of self-defence, remembering our 
motto " Nemo me Impune lacesit." 

Up and azv' them a' zvellea'. 


18. Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane and the Navy 

under his command. May they soon find an op- 
portunity to convince America that Britannia still 

rules mistress of the ocean. 

Hearts of Oak. 

19. Admiral Griffiths. Who has on all occasions mani- 

fested a ready attention to the interests of this 
province and the protection of its commerce. 

Admiral Bcnbow. 

20. The Governor-General. May we always respect 

those in authority over us. 

Canadian Boat Song. 

21. Lady Sherbrooke and all the fair daughters of 

Lady Sherbrooke, and " All the World Loz'es Me." 

22. The British Commissioners at Ghent. May they 

never be instructed to make peace with America 
till she gives up the right of search, is excluded 
from the British fisheries, consents to revision of 
the boundary line, and includes our Indian allies 
in the general pacification. 
2^. The Sons of St. George and Old England. 

Roast Beef of Old England. 

24. Major-General Darroch and the Garrison of Halifax. 

Highland March, 

25. The Sons of St. Patrick and Ireland. 

St. Patrick's Day. 

26. May James Madison and all his faction be soon com- 

pelled to resign the reins of government in 
America and seek a peace establishment with their 
friend Buonaparte at Elba. 
T/ie Rogues' March and Go to the Devil and shake yourself. 

2"]. The Sons of St. David and Wales. 


28. The memory of the Right Hon. William Pitt. May 

his principles always animate the councils of the 

United Kingdom. 



29. General Count Platoff and his brave Cossacks. 

TJw Cossack. 

30. The two Houses of ParHament. May they maintain 

their privileges sacred and inviolable to the latest 
posterity for the protection of the people. 

Andante 20. 
I. The gallant veteran Blucher. 

A March, No. 62. 

32. The glorious memory of the departed hero Lord 



33. The brave Captain Barclay. AMio so gallantly 

maintained the reputation of the British Navy 
in the unequal contest with the American squad- 
ron on Lake Huron. 

34. The memory of our brave countryman Sir John 



35. All the brave officers who fought in Spain. May 

they meet with that reward wdiich they so justly 
merit for their distinguished services. 

36. The memory of General Moreau who so nobly volun- 

teered his service against the tyrant of France 
and gloriously fell fighting for the deliverance of 

Z7- Sir James Lucas Yeo. May his perseverance and 
gallant conduct be soon rewarded with an oppor- 
tunity of trying the bravery of the American 
squadron on Lake Ontario. 

38. The memory of our gallant countryman Sir Ralph 


The Death of Abercrombie. 

39. The Legislature of Nova Scotia. May the liberality 

of its measures promote the welfare and pros- 
perity of the Province. 

Brays of Strathnarer. 


40. The memory of Prince Kutusofif and all the heroes 

who have fallen in defence of the liberties of 


Russian IJ'altc, 

41. The Bishop of Nova Scotia and clergy of all deno- 

minations. May they unite in their best endeav- 
ors to promote the cause of religion, and extend 
its happy influence over all nations. 

42. The Army in Canada. May the bravery and cour- 

age which they have already evinced in the de- 
fence of the Canadas terminate the war with 
America to the honor of His Majesty's arms, and 
the protection of the Colonies. 

43. Horn, Corn, Fish and Yarn. 

Reel of TiiUoch. 

44. Our brave countrvman. Sir Thomas Graham, who 

fought under the immortal \\'ellington. 

Bruce s Address. 

45. Our countryman, the Right Hon. the Earl of Sel- 

kirk, and all our absent members. May health 
and happiness attend them wherever they are. 

46. The land of cakes. 

Because it ivas a bonny land. 

47- The memory of the brave General Ross. 


48. Robbie Gibbs' contract. 

Jolinnv goe marching home. 

49. Gude nicht. 

Mariners' Hymn 

Biographical Note — 1814. 

Richard Kidston. Jr., was a grand representative of our 
country, a splendid orator, a keen business man, and a 
most enthusiastic and patriotic Scotsman. He was for 
many years the head and front of all measures for the 
public good. His memory still lives in the Society by 
reason of his good life and example ; one " whose like 
we ne'er shall see again." 




The Quarterly and Special meetings were held at the 
Masonic Hall. The following ordinary members signed 
the Roll: 

Geo. Muirhead, Chas. Dunbrack^ 

Robert Field, James Donaldson, 

Andrew Nisbet, Geo. Innis, 

Peter McNab, William Scott, 

David Walker, James McCormack, 

Dunbar D. Stewart, Robert Bremner, 
James Dechman, Alex. Murdoch. 

And the followine gentlemen became Perpetual Mem- 

The President, Richard Kidston, Jr., 

James Ewing, 

Richard Kidston, Glasgow, 

Wm. Kidston, Esq. 
At the February meeting, £32 was voted to applicants 
for charity. The thanks of the Society was passed to R. 
Kidston, Esq., for the handsome manner in which he con- 
ducted the last Festival. It cost him £ 100. A vote of 
thanks was also passed to Mr. Robt. Field, a great por- 
trait painter of the day, for painting and presenting to 
the Society a transparency of St. Andrew. At this meet- 
ing the Society voted £62 19s. 3d. from the funds to 
defray the cost of curtains for the Masonic Hall, the 
Society in consideration thereof to have the use of the 
Hall for the meetings for six ensuing years, by agree- 
ment with John Albro, Deputy Grand Master of the 
Masonic body for the Province. 

The President presented the Society with two hand- 
some Ivory Mallets, with the following inscription : 
" Presented by Richard Kidstox, Jr., 


30TH November. 1814." 


This year the Society lost two of its officers. The 
Treasurer, Robert Lyon, who had held the office for a 
number of years, and Mr. Mudie. Asst. Secretary. 
Jas. Thoin was elected Treasurer, and Alex. May, Asst. 
Secretary, for the remainder of the year. At the May 
meeting. £33 was voted to applicants. i)n Thursday, 
August 31st, a Special Meeting was- called by the Presi- 
dent to take into consideration tho propriety of voting a 
sum of money for the relief of the families of the slain, 
in the lite glorious victory of 


A large meeting answered the summons and 

OxE HuxDRED Pounds 
was unanimously voted toward that object, which amount 
was ordered to be paid by the President into the hands of 
H. H. Cogswell, Esq.. Treasurer of the fund. At the 
August Quarterly meeting, over £50 was voted to the 
Committee of Charity for distribution. The Societv also 
voted a new set of Scarves for the officers of the Insti- 
tution. At the November meeting, the following office- 
bearers were appointed for 1816: 

Richard Kidston. Jr., re-elected President: 

William Bowie, Vice-President: 

\\ ni. Kidston., ) 

Duncan McColl, ^ ''^''^- ^^ice-Presidents: 

James Thom, Treasurer: 

James Hogg, I 

T-> u -n "c*. ^ t Secretaries: 

iJrnb?r D. Stewart, 

Alex. Ross. Messenger: 

James Thom. n 

David Muirhead. I 

Alexander Fiddles, ^ Conunittee of Charity; 

John Farquharson. 

W'm. Forsvth, 

John Munro, \ 

V Hof'^ i ^'^"'- /^'^ collecting back dues. 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplain. 



£20 was voted to applicants at the November meeting. 
The Society celebrated the festival by the annual dinner 
at Masonic Hall 240 present, Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, 
Bishop Inglis. the Chief Justice. Admiral Warren, the 
brilliant staffs of General and Admiral, with every mer- 
chant of note in the city, forming a most magnificent 
company. The enthusiasm over Waterloo contributed 
greatly to the eclat of the dinner. The cost was large, 
but the President's large contribution. £120, and wines, 
with £ so from the \'ice-President, made it a tremen- 
dous success for the Society. The Regimental Bands of 
the 6oth and i8th Regiments played alternately through 
the evening. 


was certainly not behind any of its predecessors in 
interest. The meetings were held at the Masonic Hall, 
as per agreement. At the February meeting, a matter 
without precedent in the Society's history occurred. 
One of the members (William Anderson) having dis- 
sented from the almost unanimous vote of donating £100 
to the Waterloo fund, wrote an insulting letter to the 
President, calling into question the legality of the vote 
and reflecting on the President's position in the matter. 
I\Ir. Anderson was called upon by the Society to apolo- 
gise, but he refusing to do so, was, by the unanimous 
vote of the large meeting of members present, expelled. 
At this meeting thirty pounds was voted to charitable 
objects. At the May meeting, four gentlemen were pro- 
posed whose names deserve particular notice, three of 
whom passed through the Presidential chair of the 

John Young (afterwards Hon.). proposed by Mr. Far- 


Alex. Stewart John Liddell, 

Archibald Sinclair. Mr. Farquharson, 

Alex. Primrose, Mr. ]\IcColl. 


At this meeting £83 was voted to the Charity Com- 
mittee for distribution. At the November meeting a 
Committee consisting of the following gentlemen was 
appointed to convey to His Excellency the Earl of Dal- 
housie a copy of the rules of the Society: 

Hon. John Black, Richard Kidston, Jr., 

Michael Wallace, James Eraser, 

James Stewart, James Forman, 

John Brown, Matthew Richardson, 

The following were elected ofifice-bearers for the ensu- 
ing year : 

William Bowie, President; 
Alexander Eiddes, Vice-President; 

Duncan McColl,j ^^^^ V^ee-Presidents; 

George Mitchell., j 

James Thom, Treasurer; 

George Mitchell,! f, ^ . 

'^ _^ ,, \ Secretaries; 

James Russell, j 

Rev. Arch. Gray, Chaplain; 

Thomas Ross, Messenger; 

James Thom, 

David Muirhead, Committee 

Alex. Phillips, of 

William Eorsyth, Charity. 

John Brown, ^ 

The President elect, William Bowie, was a most popu- 
lar member, and presided over the Society with genial 

A large committee was appointed to arrange for the 
I''estival. Wm. Bowie proposed Peter Donaldson and 
Robt. M. Brown as ordinary members, to be balloted 
for in Eebruary ensuing. The ordinary members admit- 
ted during the year were : 

Alex. Stewart, Archibald Sinclair, 

Dr. Wm. Petrie, Alex. Primrose, 

John Young, Duncan McQueen, 

Matthew Eorrester. 


The annual dinner was a most brilliant affair. The 
Earl of Dalhousie, the Bishop of Nova Scotia, the Presi- 
dents of the Sister Societies, Heads of Departments, 
General and Suite, and other distinguished guests being 

Biographical Notes — 1816. 

John Young (Agricola) was father of Chief Justice Sir 
A\'m. Young. 

Matthew Forrester was a leading dry goods merchant 
on Barrington Street, south of Prince Street. 

William Bowie, President, was a native of Inverness, 
Scotland, a nephew of the Wm. Bowie who joined the 
Society in 1777. By inducement of his uncle he came 
to Halifax in 1803, and at once joined the Society. He 
was then in his 20th year, a well-educated Scotsman, 
with great business ability. By the influence of Alex. 
Brymer he founded the great firm of Bowie & DeBlois, 
and in a few years amassed a fortune. These were the 
davs of the Admiralty Court, and British men-of-war 
and privateers were continually capturing the ships of 
the enemy and bringing them in to Halifax for condemn- 
3tion and sale. Vessels and cargoes were sold to the 
highest bidder after perhaps a slight inspection, and it 
was not unusual at this date to clear £5.000 on a single 
capture. Mr. Bowie soon became a leading man in thf^ 
community. He was an earnest and enthusiastic young 
Scotsman, and prominent in social as well as mer- 
cantile circles. His career came to a tragic close in 
1819. During a trial in the Supreme Court in July of a 
shipping case, the opposing lawyer, Richard J. Uniacke, 
Jr., made some insulting remarks, rather reflecting on 
Mr. Bowie's position in the case, which resulted in a cor- 
respondence and eventually in a challenge ; and on the 
following morning, July twenty-first, Uniacke and Bowie, 



with their seconds, met at the Governor's Farm 
near the Narrows, in a grove just above the present 
Round House, I.C.R. The duel took place between the 
hours of 4 and 5. After exchanging the second shot, 
Mr. Bowie fell mortally wounded, and in a few hours 
breathed his last at a farm-house in the vicinity, where 
be was carried immediately after the affair was over. 
His death was greatly felt by the communitv. and 
general regret and expressions for his sad taking off at 
the early age of 36 years, were universal. 

Uniacke and his second, ]\IcSweeney, were arrested, 
and the Grand Jury being in session, found bills of 
indictment of murder against them ; and Deblois, Bowie's 
second, was charged with misdemeanor, as parties and 
accessories to the duel which terminated in the death of 

At the trial, it was proved that, after the firing of the 
first shot, both of the principals. Uniacke and Bowie, hav- 
ing fired and remaining uninjured, were willing to ter- 
minate the affair; but McSweeney, a fire-eating Irishman 
from the West Indies, insisted upon a second shot, which 
DeBlois, Bowie's second, unwillingly assented to. In 
the second shot, the affair terminated with the death of 
Bowie. The trial was a screaming farce; all compli- 
mented and sympathized with each other. Uniacke was 
a lamb, McSweeney was a dozr. They were each repre- 
sented to the Jury by Judge and lawyers as broken 
hearted for evermore. But the fact was proven that 
McSweeney had loaded the pistols, dictated the short 
space of twelve paces, and that after the first fire he had 
loudly insisted upon a second shot ; but the Code was 
fashionable, and as a foregone conclusion the trial re- 
sulted in an acquittal of both Uniacke and McSweeney. 
The last-named should certainly have been hanged, or at 
least had imprisonment for life, in recompence for his 
murderous insistence upon the shot, which sacrificed so 
valuable a life as the lamented Bowie. 


Bowie was killed in 1819; IMcSweeney died at 
Dominica in 1825; Uniacke died in 1824; DeBlois died in 
1827. So that in the short space of eight years all par- 
ties connected with the duel had made their exit. 


The Society held its meetings at the Masonic Hall. 
At the February meeting, the Committee of gentlemen 
appointed to wait upon His Excellency the Earl of Dal- 
housie, reported that they had done so. and Richard 
Kidston. Jr.. read the following communication addressed 
to him as the President of the preceding year: 

Halifax, 9th January, 1817. 

I have requested my aid-de-camp, Major Cooper, to 
call upon you to know whether I may not be admitted 
an Honorary or Perpetual Member of the North 
British Society, in offering a small donation to their 
charitable fund. I beg further to request, you would do 
myself and Lidy Dalhousie the favor to acquaint us 
with anv particular case of distress among our country- 
men or women that may require further aid. 

I am Sir, with much respect, 

Yours faithfully, 
(Signed) Dalhousie. 

Richard Kidston, Jr., Eso., 

President N. B. Society. 

The above f^atte^ing note was accompanied by the 
liberal donation of twenty pounds to the funds. To 
Vv'hich Mr. Kidston sent the following reply: 

Halifax, 9th January, 1817. 

]\Iv Lord, — 

I have this moment had the honour to receive your 
r^ordship's letter, and beg to acknowledge your liberal 
donation to the North British Society of Halifax, who 
will be proud to consider your Lordship as a Perpetual 
Member of this charitable institution. 


Permit me in the name of the Society, to return your 
Lordship their warmest thanks for this testimony of 
your beneficence, and to express their fervent wishes 
that your Lordship and amiable Countess may long enjoy 
every happiness that this world can afiford. The Society 
will not fail in complying with the request of your Lord- 
ship and Lady Dalhousie, in the event of any particular 
case of distress occurring- to our countrymen or women, 
that may require any further aid than is provided for 
by the Rules of the Institution. 

I have the honour to remain, 
My Lord, 
Your very respectful and 

Obliged humble servant, 
(Signed) Richard Kidston, Jr., 

To Hrs Excellency, 

The Right Hon. the Earl of Dalhousie, 

The following gentlemen were admitted ordinary 
members : 

Robert M. Brown, Peter Donaldson, 

Alexander Malcom, Thomas Muirhead, 

Alexander Sim, George Hnmilton, 

Hector McDonald, ist, James Johnston, 
Hector McDonald, 2nd, Colin Wilson, 
George Craigen. Alexander Boyd, 

And the following as Honorary Members, 
Lieut. James Duffus, R.N. 
Andrew Moffat (Antigua). 
William Leslie, New York. 
The following Perpetual members were added this 
year : 

Lieut.-General the Right Hon. Earl of Dalhousie, 

Matthew Richardson, John Dempster, 

Robert Lyon, Esq. 

At the November meeting the Treasurer laid before 

the Society the Annual Statement, showing the funds to 

r-.mount to four hundred pounds, which sum was held 

by Lieut. James Duffus, secured by mortgage and bond. 


dated 8th December. 1815. a larsre surplus, considering 
the large amounts disbursed for various objects during 
the past five years. The quarterly reports show that 
over one hundred pounds was distributed by the 
Charitable Committee during the year. The following 
office-bearers were elected for 1818, viz.: 

Alexander Fiddes, President; 

Duncan McColl, Vice-President; 

John Dempster, 1 , ^-. ^, ., 

>- HT-. 1 11 r Asst. I ice-r residents; 

George Mitchell,! 

George Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Tames Russell, I e t^ •.. 

•' ' - Seeretaries, 

Hector McDonald, I 

Peter Robb, ^ 

Alex. Philip, Committee 

James Smith, of 

Geo. Hamilton, Charity; 

Patrick Ross, 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D.. Chaplain. 

On the 30th November, a most magnificent Festival 
was held at the Masonic Hall, about one hundred and 
fifty members and guests being present, including Earl 
Dalhousie and staff. Hon. James Fraser presided on 
this occasion, as Alexander Fiddes, Esq., the President 
elect, vacated for the time the Chair in his favor. 

Biographical Notes — 181 7. 

George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, was born 
October 22nd, 1790, was educated at the University of 
Edinburgh, was a school companion of Sir Walter Scott. 
Entered the Army in 1788; in command of 2nd Foot at 
Martinique under the Duke of Kent, and there severely 
wounded. Served in Ireland during the Rebellion, 1798. 
Fought under Maitland at Belleisle, was in Egypt under 
Abercrombie in 1801, and in command at Gibraltar, 1803. 
Was appointed Major-General in 1805. In the Penin- 
sular War he greatly distinguished himself and received 




the " thanks of ParHament " for his great services 
throughout that tremendous campaign. In 1813 he was 
made Lieut. -General and K.G. Cross of the Bath. In 
181 5 he was created a Peer of the United Kingdom as 
Baron Dalhousie, of Dalhousie Castle, Scotland. In 
August. 1816, he was appointed Lieut.-Governor and 
Commander of the Forces in Nova Scotia, and in 1819 
he succeeded the Duke of Richmond as Governor-in- 
Chief of the Forces in North America. His career in 
Nova Scotia was a magnificent success. He took un- 
bounded interest in education, and laid the broad found- 
ation of learning in our Province. He took an active 
interest in our Society, was a Perpetual ]\Iember, and 
attended many of the meetings. He married an heiress 
with a great fortune, a Miss Brown, of Coalston. He 
died March 21st, 1838, aged 68 years. 

Sir Brenton Halliburton was the eldest son of Hon. 
John Halliburton, who was for many years a leading 
member of our Society, and twice filled the Chair of the 
institution. Sir Brenton was born at Newport, Rhode 
Island, and came with his father to Halifax with the 
Loyalists in 1783, when the British evacuated New York. 
Sir Brenton entered the Army and rose to a Captaincy 
of the 8th Regiment, the Duke of Kent's Corps ; but after 
the departure of the Duke from Halifax in 1800, he 
resigned his position and began the study of Law, and 
was admitted a Barrister. He had a fair practice, and 
at an early age, through strong patronage, was elevated 
to the Bench, and eventually was advanced to the posi- 
tion of Chief Justice of Nova Scotia. He was an eminent 
man, of strong character and benevolent nature, and was 
greatly esteemed by our Society. 



The Quarterly meetings were held at the Masonic 
Hall. The Charity Committee appear to have been well 
employed, as several Scotchmen were forwarded to Scot- 
land, and a long list of names received relief each quarter. 

At the May meeting a communication was received 
from his Excellency the Earl of Dalhousie, enclosing a 
letter from the Highland Society of Scotland requesting 
aid in publishing a dictionary of the Celtic Language. 
This was at once attended to, and a Committee consist- 
ing of 

James Forman, 
Edward Mortimer, 
Duncan McColI, 
Arch. McDonald, 
was appointed to solicit subscriptions, and over one 
hundred pounds was raised in Halifax, and transmitted 
to Edinburgh. At the November meeting, among others 
proposed for membership, we notice that of a gentleman 
who proved a most indefatigable member and a very 
popular man with the Society, and his Townsmen, James 
Forman, Jr., proposed by the Hon. James Eraser. The 
following ordinary members were this year admitted : 
Hon. B. Halliburton 
Hon. S. G. W. Archibald, 
Robt. F. Bigby, 
Joseph Mundell, 

The Rev. Donald A. Eraser was elected an Honorary 
Member, and 

John \\ illiamson, Esq., John Brown, Esq., 

Alex. Eraser, Esq. (Miramichi), 
became Perpetual Members. Over ninety pounds was 
disbursed this year in charity, and the following gentle- 
men were elected office-bearers for i8iq: 


Hon. Judge Brenton Halliburton, President; 
George Mitchell, Vice-President; 
John Dempster. | 

Geo. X. Russell,/ ^•^•^■ 

. V ice-P residents; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

James Russell, Secretary; 

Hector McDonald, Asst. Secretary; 

Peter Robb, 

Alex. Phillips, 


Patrick Ross, 


George Hamilton, 


George Craigen, 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplain; 

James McXab, \ Collectors of 

Matthew Forrester, ) 

Back Dues. 

A large committee was appointed to arrange for the 
Festival, which was duly celebrated at the Masonic Hall. 
About two hundred were present ; the Earl of Dalhousie, 
the Heads of Departments, and a large number of the 
Military, including Lord Schonberg Kerr, Sir John Louis, 
Major-General Arnold, Col. Beresford, Collector Jeffrey, 
with the Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the Sister 
Societies, were the invited guests. 

The Earl of Dalhousie replied most eloquently for 
himself and public guests. The Band of the 15th Regi- 
ment occupied the Orchestra. 

We notice this year that a copy of the rules of which 
a new edition had been printed by Howe & Co., was 
sent to each member. The meetings this year were well 
attended ; average attendance about sixty at each Quar- 
terly meeting. 



A\'e notice that a special meeting was called to take 
into consideration the claim of a Mr. John Scobie, of 
Arichat, on the Society's charity, he having lost his house 
and barn by fire. The sum of £15 was granted for his 
relief. A large amount was distributed by the Com- 
mittee of Chanty during the year. 

The following gentlemen were admitted ordinary mem- 
bers : 

Charles Gray. Robert Duncan, 

James Forman. Jr.. Adam Esson, 
John Boyd, James Ross. 

Donald McLennan. James Forester, 
lames Fraser, Jr., 
and the Hon. John Black became a Perpetual Member 
of the Society. 

At the Xovembcr meeting, among other orders, we 
notice that for a box to be prepared to hold the trans- 
parency of St. Andrew, presented to the Society by 
Field, and noticed in a previous year. 

This year ^Messrs. Samuel Cunard and Wm. Duffus- 
became securities for Lieut. James Duffus. R.X., who 
holds part of the Society's funds in his bond for £400, 
dated December 8th, 181 5. 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1820: 

James Forman, Prcsidciif; 

John Dempster, J 'icc-P resident; 

Chas. S. Grav. I , „. „ ., 

^ ^^. T, ,,' f A^-^-- ' icc-r residents; 

G. A. Russell, I 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

H. McDonald. Secretary; 

Tames Forman, Jr., Asst. Secretary; 

Committee of Charity — re-elected. 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplain. 


The Festival was duly celebrated on the 30th by the 
usual dinner, which was well attended, the members 
turning- out in great numbers on the occasion ; 217 
present. The Band and Pipers of the 71st Regt. pro- 
A'ided the music. 


The Qua'-terly meetings were well attended, and took 
place at ^Masonic Hall ; about £70 was distributed by 
the Committee of Charity. A considerable amount of 
back dues was collected by the Committee appointed for 
that purpose. 

The following gentlemen were admitted during the 
years as ordinary members: 

Tohn IMcKenzi?, John McLean,. 

Duncan Black. William AVallace, 

Allan McDonald, Thomas Laidlaw, 

Thomas C. Allan, David Johnson, 
David Henderson, Alex. A. Ferguson, 
Samuel Mitchell. 
And the following as Honorary Members : 

Archibald McXiven, 
Rev. Colin P. Grant. 

At the November meeting the following office-bearers 
were appointed for 1821 : 

The Father of the Society, ) p -j ^ 
Hon. Michael Wallace, ) t^rcsiaent; 

Geo. N. Russell, Vice-President; 

S. G. W. Archibald, \ 

Alexander ^lay, i' ^^^^^- Vice-Presidents; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

James Forman, Jr., Secretary; 

Duncan Black, Asst. Secretary; 


Peter Robb, 

Alex. Philips, 

Patrick Ross, 

Geo. Hamilton, 

Geo. Craig^en, 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplai)i. 

Committee of Charity; 

The 30th was celebrated by a grand dinner at the 
Masonic Hall, and was as usual the event of the season ; 
200 present. Among the guests, Sir James Kempt and 
Staff. The Bands of the 26th and 71st Regiments were in 
the Orchestra. 


The meetings were held at the Exchange Coffee House, 
the six-year agreement having expired for holding them 
at the Masonic Hall, and the Exchange being preferred 
by the members. About £60 was voted for charitable 
purposes by the Society during the year. 

And the following ordinary members were acquired : 

John Forman, Hunter St. Andrews, 

John Eraser, Jas. Cruickshanks, 

W. B. Robertson. 

It is to be noticed that among those relieved by the 
Society, were to be found widows of former members, 
whose names are recorded as regular pensioners. These 
cases had been under discussion for several yearg. It 
was decided that, although strictly speaking the charity 
of the Society was for transient distress, yet those 
widows' claims could not be disregarded, and so they 
were kept on from year to year. At the November meet- 



ing, the Society made choice of the following gentlemen 
for office-bearers : 

Geo. N. Russell, President; 

S. G. \V. Archibald, Vice-President; 

Alexander Mav, ) 

Jas. Forman., Jr., )" ''^''^- ^ice-Presidents; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Duncan Black, Secretary; 

David Johnson, Asst. Secretary; 

Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 

Chaplain — re-elected ; 

Thomas Ross, Messenger. 

The Festival was celebrated on the 30th at Masonic 
Hall, and is noticed as " a most successful and harmoni- 
ous reunion." Two hundred members and guests present. 

Biographical Note^i82i. 

Geo. N. Russell, son of Rev. Thomas Russell, a former 
minister of St. Matthew's, was a wholesale hardware 
merchant, and subsequently a mercantile agent and 
broker, corner of Mollis and Prince Streets, now occu- 
pied by the Union Bank. He was a well-educated and 
intellectual man, a splendid Chairman at public meetings 
of the citizens. 


Four capital meetings were held this year at the 
Exchange Coffee House. The thanks of the Society was 
voted to David Henderson, a member who composed the 
song Caledonia, which was sung at the anniversary meet- 
ing of November 30th, by Mr. Dempster. It was also 
unanimously agreed that the author be requested to fur- 
nish the Secretary with a copy of this admired produc- 


tion, to be filed with the papers of the Society. The fol- 
lowinp- well-known and deservedly popular gentlemen 
were proposed at the February meeting, viz. : 

Robt. Noble, proposed by Geo. Mitchell. 
Alex. Keith, " " Jas. Cruickshanks. 

A vacancy having occurred in the Committee of 
Charity, in consequence of the death of Peter Robb, 
William Strachan volunteered and was accepted to fill 
the same for the remainder of the year. About £80 was 
distributed by the Committee of Charity. At the Novem- 
ber meeting the Treasurer presented the following state- 
ment of the funds of the Society : 

Lieut. James DufTus, Mortgage and Bond... £400 

Interest 24 

Cash on hand for Investment 87 8 i 

£511 8 I 
A large amount, considering the great call made every 
quarter on the funds by the Charity Committee. 

The following ordinary members were admitted dur- 
ing the year: 

Robt. Noble, Alex. Keith, 

Edward Wallace, Andrew D. Russell, 

Hector McLennan, Andrew Mitchell. 

At the November meeting, a large number of the mem- 
bers attended, and after the ordinary business had been 
despatched, they proceeded to elect ofifice-bearers for the 
ensuing year, when the following gentlemen were chosen : 

Hon. S. G. W. Archibald, LL.D., President; 

Alex. May, Vice-President; 

James Forman, Jr., Sen. Asst. Vice-President; 

Duncan Black, Jnnr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Andrew D. Russell, Secretary; 

Robt. Noble, Asst. Secretary; 


Committee of Charity; 

Patrick Ross, 

William Strachan, 

George Craigen, 

George Hamilton, 

George Innis.. 

Rev. Arch. Gray, D.D., Chaplain; 

Thomas Ross, Messenger. 

The office-bearers were appointed a Committee to 
arrange for the Anniversary. 

The Festival was celebrated by the annual dinner at 
Masonic Hall, at which a large number of invited guests 
sat down with the members. S. G. W. Archibald in the 
chair. The Band of the 74th Regiment occupied the 
Orchestra. No less than thirty-one toasts given from 
the Chair were drank, besides volunteer ones from parties 
present. All passed off harmoniously and with credit 
to all concerned. 

Biographical Note — 1822, 

S. G. W. Archibald was born January ist, 1778. Chief 
Justice of Prince Edward Island, Master of the Rolls 
Xova Scotia, and Speaker of the House of Assembly, 
X.S., a distinguished lawyer. For several years a pro- 
minent member of the Society, and elected President in 
1823. He died at Halifax January 28th, 1846, and was 
buried in Camp Hill Cemetery, where an elaborate 
monument, with an inscription in Latin and English can 
be seen. 


The meetings, which were well attended, were held at 
the Exchange Coffee House. About one hundred povmds 
was voted to applicants, many of whom were the 
widowed pensioners before noticed. The names of two 


gentlemen proposed at the February meeting this year, 

deserve notice : 

Alex. ^IcLeod, proposed bv Alex. ]\Iay, 
John Strachan. " "' James Smith. 

These two were noted in after years for their steady 
attention to the Society's interests, and for the faithful 
discharge of duties as Committee-men of the Institution. 

The members admitted during this year were : 

John Strachan, Kev. John ^^lartin, 

James Dechman, ^^'illiam Sutherland. Esq.. 

Alex. McLeod. John Lyle. 

By the annual statement produced by the Treasurer 
at the November meeting, the funds a'nount to £531 
4s. id. The following gentlemen were elected by a large 
meeting, to preside over the Society for 1824: 

Alex, ^lay. President: 

James Forman, Jr., Jlcc-Prcsidcnt: 

Duncan Black. Sen. Assf. ]'^icc-President: 

A. D. Russell. Jiiiir. Asst. Jlce-Presideuf; 

Geo. ^litchell. Treasurer: 

Robt. Xoble, Seerctary: 

Robert ]\I. Brown, Assf. Secretary; 

Thomas Ross, Messenger: 

Committee of Charity — re-elected. 

A large Committee was selected to arrange for the 
National Festival, which was duly celebrated at Masonic 
IJall on the 30th ; about one hundred and forty present. 

Biographical Notes — 1823. 

Alexander IMcLeod was for fully half a century- a lead- 
ing merchant of Halifax, a self-made man of great integ- 
rity and honor: enterprising, attentive to business, warm- 
hearted, an unwavering friend, and not slow in lending a 
helping hand to those who had won his confidence. He 



was every inch a Scotchman. Of commanding height 
and presence, and possessed of a quiet, unobtrusive mag- 
netism of manner which imparted a charm to the dehb- 
trate speech and dignified movement of one of the most 
courteous men that ever Hved in our community. For a 
long term of years — nearly two generations — he was a 
remarkable factor in Halifax comniercial circles. Mr. 
McLeod was born at Linlithgow, on the 19th January, 
1791, and educated at the parish school of Saint !\Iichael, 
where he acquired the ordinary training given in the Scot- 
tish parish schools of that period. When quite young 
he enlisted with several relatives and companions in the 
Royal Artillery, and was at once drafted to Nova 
Scotia. His first station after arrival at Halifax was at 
Annapolis Royal, — then in charge of Captain Colin Camp- 
bell, in after days known as Sir Colin Campbell, and sub- 
sequently Lord Clyde. After a few years at Annapolis, 
Mr. McLeod came to Halifax and commenced business 
in a quiet way opposite the present Queen's wharf. He 
rapidly made friends with all classes in town and country, 
and his business soon extended until few even of the older 
merchants in Halifax were as well known in all parts of 
the Province as Alexander McLeod. His fine person- 
ality, undoubted inteerity and scrupulous attention to 
detail, made him to be trusted and respected by all who 
came in contact with him. Although during a long busi- 
ness career he had fairly good assistance, he remained 
until his retirement late in life the recognized strength 
and mainspring of the business he had created. Mr. 
McLeod was married, but left no children. The com- 
paratively limited estate Mr. McLeod left behind was a 
great surprise to Halifax. For a quarter of a century 
previous to his decease, he was rated as one of the 
wealthiest men in the city. This opinion was amplv jus- 
tified by the volume of business he had so long and suc- 
cessfully transacted. Its profitable character, his extra- 
ordinary immunit}- from losses, and his unostentatious 


mode of li\-ing- — not spending a tithe of his income — all 
tended to confirm the public idea of his great accumula- 
tion. Had his estate shown over a million for distribu- 
tion it would have caused no surprise ; the communitv 
was prepared for it. But the unlooked for happened. 
S2 1 cooo only was valued for probate, a moderate amount 
indeed, considering the business capabilities and advant- 
ages enjoyed by ^Iv. ^IcLeod during such a long career. 
But life is withal a series of chances and surprises. In 
this particular case public supposition and stern reality 
was almost a million dollars astray — a fairly large sum 
even for Halifax, where valuation of supposed wealth is, 
as a rule, very nearly correct. Among the benefactors 
of Dalhousie Universitv. his memory will be long remem- 
bered. ]^Ir. ]^IcLeod joined the Society in 1823, and for 
over fiftv vears was a most esteemed member, and was 
elected a Perpetual Member in i865. He died January 
15th, 1883, aged 92 years. 

Mr. Alay was a member of the great mercantile house 
of Fiddes, ]\Iay & Robertson. He was a man foremost 
in all good works, and ably represented the great Scottish 
mercantile communitv of our citv. 

W'm. Sutherland was a leading lawyer and an enthusi- 
astic member of the Xorth British Society. He was 
Recorder of the Citv for manv vears. 


Under the able Presidency of 'Sir. May. the Society this 
"» ear appears to have transacted even more than the 
general average of business. The meetings were held at 
the Exchange Coffee House, were well attended, and 
over ninetv pounds voted to the Committee of Charity 



for distribution. The following- gentlemen were admitted 
during the year as ordinary members : 

George Little^ Dr. John Sterling, 

Charles Alexander, Fobert Robertson, 

John Fraser )2nd), Andrew Crawford, 

Alexander Ross^ James Pettigrew, 

Charles Coventree, John McKenzie^ 
John McNie. 
One Honorary Alember was elected, John Forman, 
Esq., and \\'inckw^orth Allan, an old and esteemed mem- 
ber residing in London, became a Perpetual Member, by 
paying the fee of ten pounds. 

This year the Snuiif Mulls were stolen from the chest 
in which the}' were deposited, and the silver mountings 
containing the inscriptions torn away. The Mulls were 
subsequently recovered, and the Society ordered new 
mountings with similar inscriptions to be procured for 
them. Several shipwrecked mariners were forwarded to 
Scotland, and a great amount of good was effected by the 
active Committee of Charity. At the annual meeting 
the following office-bearers were chosen to preside over 
the Societv for 1825 : 

James Forman, Jr., Prcsidcnf; 

Duncan Black, Jlcc-Prcsidcnt; 

A. D. Russell, Sen. Asst. Vice-President; 

Robert Noble, Jiinr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Robert M. Brown, Secretary; 

Samuel Mitchell. Asst. Secretary; 

George Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Patrick Ross, 

William Strachan, j Committee 

George Craigen, I of 

George Hamilton, Charity; 

George Monroe, 

Alex. McLeod, \ 

D. ]\IcLennan, Committee for Collecting 

D. McLennan, \ Back Dues. 

James Dechman. 


The Festival was a most grand affair. A large num- 
ber sat down with the President, ^ir. [May and the 
company must have enjoyed themselves exceedingly, as 
the Xoz'Li Scolian newspaper, in noticing the event, men- 
tions that the company sat down at 7 p.m., and did not 
separate until " the horses of the Sun were spurring with 
their glittering harness up the eastern horizon " — quite 
an editorial flight. 


This year the meetings were held at the ]\Iasonic Hall, 
and by the exertions of the office-bearers, much good was 
effected. At the February meeting two gentlemen were 
proposed, who in after years were honored for their 
steadfast attachment to the Society's interests, by being 
placed in the Chair, viz : 

James Thomson, proposed by James Smith, Esq., 
James F. Gray, " " Alex. ]\Iay, Esq. 

About eighty pounds was expended in charity, and 
during the year the following Honorary [Members were 
elected : 

Capt. Houston Stewart, H.^M.S. '" Menai " (after- 
ward Admiral on the Station) ; 
Capt. Archibald Stewart, Rifle Brigade ; 
Capt. C. Fitzroy McLean, 8ist Regt. ; 
Duncan McColl, Esq. 
During the year the following gentlemen were ad- 
mitted ordinary members : 

John Robb. Jas F. Gray, 

David Spence, James Thomson, 

A considerable amount of business was transacted, 
and at the regular August meeting it was passed unani- 
mously that in future when the sum of five pounds 
is drawn upon the Treasurer, the order must be signed 
bv all the Committee of Charitv. 


At the Xovember meeting the Society proceeded to 
elect office-bearers: 

John W'ilhamson was elected President; 

Andrew D. RusseU, ]' ice-President: 
but Mr. Russell declining the office, and the President 
l^eing unavoidably a])sent. the election of office-bearers 
was postponed and a special meeting was called for that 
purpose on Thursday, Xovember loth, the President, 
James Forman, Jr., in the chair, when the following were 
chosen : 

John Williamson, President; 

Robert Noble. J'iee-President; 

R. M. Brown, Sen. Jlce-Presidciit; 

Jas. F. Gray, Junr. J'iee-President; 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Samuel Mitchell, Secretary; 

Edward Wallace, Asst. Secretary; 

\\'illiam Strachan, 

Geo. Craigen, 

Geo. Hamilton, 

Geo. Innes, 

Robt. F. Bigby, 

Thos. Ross, iMessenger; 

James Dechman I 

Alex. McLeod, , Connnittee for Collecting 

D. McLennan, ' ^''^' ^"''- 

At this meeting the President, James Forman, Jr., pro- 
posed the following gentlemen : 

George R. Young, William Young, 

Thos. Forman, Charles D. Archibald. 

A most enthusiastic celebration was held on the 30th ; 
the dinner was largely attended, the guests including 
Lieut. -Governor Sir Jas. Kempt, Admiral Willoughby 
Lake and other notables. Over 30 toasts were given 
from the Chair.- The company separated highly pleased 
with the entertainment. 

Committee of Charity; 


Biographical Notes — 1825. 

James Thomson was elected President in 1845. 

Jas. F. Gray, an eminent lawyer, was a son of Rev. 
Arch. Gray. D.D., minister of St. Matthew's Church. He 
was a g"ood speaker and greatly charmed the Society at 
the Quarterly meetings and at dinners of St. Andrew. 

John A^'illiamson was a leading A\^est India merchant, 
an honest, outspoken Scot, a splendid singer and a great 
favorite in the citv. 


The Society met at ^Masonic Hall. About £80 was 
voted to applicants. Amongst other transactions we 
notice the unanimous thanks of the Society were " voted 
to Alex. McLeod and the Committee, for the collecting 
of back dues and for their assiduous attention to the 
duties that have resulted so successfully during the past 
3vear." The thanks of the Society were also given to Jas. 
Dechman, Jr.. for his exertions in recovering possession 
of the old Records of the Society, which had been miss- 
ing since 1814. They had been removed for safety from 
the residence of Air. Alex. Fiddes, who lost his house in 
the great Hollis Street fire that vear. to a vessel ready 
to sail at Market AA'harf. carried to Yarmouth, and placed 
in a safe in Mr. Aloody's store, where they lay unopened 
until the fortunate discovery of Air. Dechman. The fol- 
lowing gentlemen were admitted ordinary members dur- 
ing the year : 

William Young (afterward Chief Justice), 
George R. Young, Thomas Forman, 
James D. Fraser, Robt. Romans, 

C. D. Archibald, AA'illiam Gossip, 

Tames Purvis. 



One Honorary Member was elected, Francis Athole, 
Master Mariner. At the Xovember meeting the follow- 
ing gentlemen were chosen to govern the Society for 

John Young, President: 

Samuel Mitchell, J'ice-Prcsident : 

James F. Gray. Sen. Asst. Vice-President; 

Edward Wallace, Jiinr. Asst. Vice-President; 

\\m. Young, Secretary: 

(j. R. Young. Asst. Secretary: 

A\'m. Strachan, 

Alex. Keith. Coniniittee 

Allan McDonald. of 

Robt. Bigby, Charity. 

George Innes, 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer: 

Alex. ]McLeod, l 

D. McLennan.' ^ Committee for Collecting 

Jas. Dechman. ' ^"'^ ^"''- 

Thos. Ross, Messenger. 

It was unanimously agreed to dine together on the 
30th. in honor of St. Andrew. On that occasion a large 
number assembled at the ^vlasonic Hall, to honour the 
Saint. The Band of the 52nd Regt. attended, and added 
to the happiness of the evening. The journals of the 
day notice it favorably, and chronicle it as a successful 
reunion. Among the guests were the Lieut. -Governor, 
the Chief Justice, the Bishop and Admiral Lake, and 
with him a brilliant Staff of Post Captains, among 
them Capt. Provo W'allis, in command of the Frigate 
Nicman on this station. Capt. Wallis, the hero of the 
Shannon and Chesapeake action, a native of Halifax, 
received a most enthusiastic ovation. He accepted it 
modestly and only re])lied when urged by Admiral Lake, 
to return thanks for the most unparalleled honor offered 
by his townsmen. The memory of King George, the 


health of the present Monarch, with the memories and 
healths of over twenty representatives, which their 
Majesties had kindly sent us for the past fifty years, 
were respectively drank. Over thirty toasts were given 
from the Chair, and several volunteer toasts from the 
company made the time go swiftly on to the separation, 
which took place, as usual, harmoniously. That word 
" harmoniously '" is so often particularly noted, — a merit 
we do not plume ourselves on now-a-days. 


This year the Society had at its head a most able and 
talented gentleman, who under the nom de plume of 
" Agricola," wrote those remarkable letters on Agricul- 
ture which have been the admiration of all who have 
read them, and which procured for him that position in 
the Province that his brilliant and varied talents 
deserved. The Hon. John Young, as President, with his 
two distinguished sons, Wm. and Geo. R. R., as Secre- 
taries, formed a trio of ability among the ofifice-bearers 
never since equalled in the history of the Society. Dur- 
ing the year 

John Richardson, James Lessell, 

Wm. Crawford, ^^'illiam Mills, 

Peter Manson, John Farquhar, 

Alex. Barry, 
were admitted ordinary members. Over £80 was ex- 
pended by the Charity Committee. 

At the November meeting a much-respected gentleman 
was proposed by John Robb, viz. : — Peter Grant. long 
after known for his zealous attention as a Committee 
man. ■ ■ ■ 


Committee of Charity. 


The following- office-bearers were chosen for 1828: 
Sanniel }*Iitchell, President: 
Thos. A\'illiamson. J'ice-Prcsidciif: 
A\'m. Young-. Sen. .Isst. Vice-President : 
James Purvis, Jnnr. Asst. J'iee-President: 
Andrew Mitchell. Treasurer: 
Geo. R. Young-, Secretary: 
John Brown, Asst. Secretary ; 
Alex. Keith, 
Tas. Dechninn, 
Geo. Innis. 
Robt. M. Erowr.. 
R. F. Bigby, 
Thos. Ross, Messcni^cr. 

The thanks of the Society were given to W^m. Strachan 
for his praiseworthy attention to his duties while on the 
Committee of Charitv. The Society celebrated the 30th 
by dining together- at the Alasonic Hall. It was. as usual, 
a splendid entertainment, and reflected credit on the 

Biographical Note — 1827. 

Samuel Mitchell was a son of Alex.' ^Mitchell, one of 
our early Presidents. Mr. Mitchell was for fifty years a 
worthy and esteemed member, and a constant attendant 
at the meetings of the Societv. 

Hon. John Young was born at Falkirk. Stirlingshire, 
Scotland, September ist. 1773. was educated at Glasgow 
College, where he greatly distinguished himself. He 
entered business at an early age in Glasgow, and luar- 
ried in 1708. In 1814. hearing of the fortunes that were 
being accumulated in Xova Scotia on account of the great 
war then raginer. he was induced to t^y the new field, and 
with his wife and three sons — William (afterwards Chief 


Justice), George R., and Charles, — he arrived in HaHfax 
on April 30th. In 181 5. the war closed, and business 
became dull and unprofitable. Air. Young and his 
sons opened up at the foot of Sackville Street, where the 
Plant A\'harf is to-day, and conducted, in face of many 
difficulties, a good business, gaining the respect and 
esteem of his fellow citizens. In 1825 he contested 
Halifax with Mr. Charles A. Fairbanks, but was defeated. 
His friends, wdio expected to return him to the local 
Parliament, were disaopointed. and presented him with 
a handsome silver cup in the form of a thistle with golden 
ears of corn. ]\Ir. Young was returned member in 1825 
lor Sydney, which he continued to represent for a num- 
ber of vears. and became a leading representative in the 
House of Assemblv. He was a dignified and graceful 
speaker, and his talents as an agriculturist were apparent 
bv his series of celebrated letters over the )wm dc plume 
of " Agricola," as well as by his practical illustrations of 
farming at his estate at Willow Park. Halifax, which he 
successfully managed for 18 years. This able and 
eminent man died at Willow Park, October 6th, 1837, in 
his 65th year. He was a popular member of our Society, 
a splendid President, and left behind him his celebrated 
son, A\'illiam. to perpetuate his name and fame to his 
brother countrvmen in Halifax. 


Rev. John Scott, yi. A., for 37 years pastor of St. 
^Matthew's Church. In 1827 Mr. Scott sitcceeded Rev. 
Dr. Archibald Grav as minister, and until his death in 
1864 was a prominent figure in the religious life of our 
city. He became a member of the Society in 1828, and 
in 1847 "^^'ss elected Joint Chaplain with Rev. John 
Alartin. a position he occupied with great acceptance 
until his death. Mr. Scott was a man of varied talents 




nnd great ability, and his addresses on public occasions 
were marked by literary elegance and refined study of 
his subject. He came but seldom to the meetings, but 
when he did, his charm of recollections of Scotland, and 
his love of the old land, made a deep impression upon 
the members. 

The Society's meetings were well attended and were 
held at the Exchange Coffee House. During the year 
several gentlemen w^ere added to the roll of members, 
who for many years after were distinguished for their 
enthusiasm in the Society's working, viz. : Wm. Grant, 
for several years Marshal, and a most active member of 
the Committee of Charity, 

William Murdoch, George Th()ni[)son, 

Peter Grant, Adam Reid, 

Walter Robb, Daniel McKay, 

Rev. John Scott, for many years joint Chaplain 
with Rev. John Martin. 
About £ro was voted quarterly to applicants for charity, 
and great interest was displayed in every meeting. At 
the Annual meeting in November the following were 
chosen office-bearers for 1829: 

Thos. Williamson, President; 

Wm. Young, Vice-President: 

Geo. R. Young, Sen. Asst. J lee-President: 

James F. Gray, Jnnr. Asst. Jlce-Presidcnt; 

J. W. C. Brown, Secretary: 

John Strachan, Asst. Secretary: 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer; 

James Dechman, 

Geo. Inness, 
Alex. Keith, 
Robt. F. Bigby, 
Robt. M. Brown, 
James Grant, Messenger. 




At this meetings the former Messenger, Thomas Ross, 
attended and handed in the following letter, which the 
Secretary was directed to insert in the minutes as an 
evidence of the good feeling of the writer toward the 
Society (of which he had been Messenger for thirty years, 
but being too infirm to continue the duties, was at his 
own request superseded). 

To THE Members of the North British Society. 

Gentlemen: — 

" Thirty years have elapsed since I came amongst you, 
and it has pleased God to spare me a living monument 
of His mercy, until I have now arrived at the advanced 
age of eighty-six years. Gentlemen, suffer me to return 
my grateful thanks for your unmerited goodness toward 
me. You have kindly overlooked all the failings of my 
age and have not sent me away comfortless. I most 
sincerely wish you all happiness, and may unity, concord 
and good o'"der ever prevail in the Xorth British 
Society while there is a Scotch bairn in it. I have only 
one favor to ask of you, — to permit me the comfort of 
attending your public meetings so long as it pleases God 
to spare me. 

I am. Gentlemen, &:c., 

Thomas Ross." 

The President sssured Mr. Ross that the Society com- 
plied most readily with his wishes. 

The Festival was celebrated by the usual dinner at the 
Exchange Coffee House. It was a most brilliant affair, 
the mirth and jollitv being increased by the fine Band of 
the 96th Regiment, and the soul-stirring notes of the 
10 Pipers wdiich enlivened the evening. Admiral Sir Chas 
Ogle, the Administrator of the Government, the Chief 
Justice, the Bishop and a brilliant array of officers of the 
Army and Xavy were present. 


Biographical Note — 1828. 

Thos. Williamson was a most genial member and suc- 
cessful merchant, and among the first Mayors of our City. 

The WilHamsons — John and Thomas, were leading 
members of the North British for over forty years. 


The meetings were held this year at the Exchange 
Cofifee House. Several well-known gentlemen were 
added to the Roll : 

Andrew Mackinlay, 

John Watt, for over thirty years Treasurer, 

John Eraser, James Thomson, 

James Nichol_, 
and Lieut. -Col. Duncan McDougall, Inspecting Field 
Officer of Militia, was admitted an Honorary Member, 
whose admission was moved by G. R. Young, Esq., 
seconded by Alexander Fiddes, Esq. xA.bout ninety 
pounds was distributed in Charity, and at the November 
meeting, which was a very large one. the election of ofhce- 
bearers for 1830 resulted as follows : 

George N. Russell, President; 

Robert M. Brown, Vice-President: 

James F. Gray, Sen. Asst. ]'' ice-President; 

W. Billop Robertson. Jnnr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer; 

John W. C. Brown. I 

T T 11 ( Secretaries: 

James Less el!, ' 

Committee of Charity — re-elected ; 

John Watt, ) Committee for Collecting 

John Farquhar, j Back Dues. 

The Festival was held on the 30th, at the Exchange 
Cofifee House. Sir Peregrine Maitland. Lieut. -Governor 


and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, was the honored 
guest, and his speech, a most brilHant one, was enthusi- 
astically received. Chief Justice Blowers, Hon. Brenton 
Halliburton. Right Rev. Bishop, Inglis, SirRichard Grant, 
R.X., also spoke with good effect. The dinner reflected 
great credit on ]\Ir. Keefler, caterer. The usual number 
of toasts from the Chair (over thirty), were given, and 
as the two gentlemen at the head of the Society, G. X. 
Russell and R. 'SI. Brown, were universal favorites, the 
Society well supported them on the occasion, and finally 
separated at about 3 o'clock in the morning in usual 


The Records of this year show that the members 
turned out well to the four quarterly meetings, that over 
one hundred pounds were voted to the Charity Committee 
for disbursement, and that the greatest unanimity was 
displayed in the working of the institution by the mem- 
bers. During the year the following gentlemen were 
admitted : 

James Malcom, Robert Downs, 

Rev. Thomas Aitken, A\'. G. Anderson, 
Angus Fraser, \\'m. ^vlills. 

and Charles D. Archibald, being about to leave the pro- 
vince, was unanimouslv elected an Honorary ]\Iember, 
also Charles Coventree. Master Mariner, and Chas. Bro- 
die, a Scottish resident of Manchester. Eng. The thanks 
of the Society were this year given to John Watt and 
John Farquhar, the Committee of Back Dues, for their 
exertions and success in collecting a large amount almost 
considered lost to the Society. At the November meet- 
ing the following gentlemen were elected ofifice-bearers 
for 1 83 1. At this meeting the ofifice-bearers were pro- 
posed by ballot, it being specially mentioned that tickets 

Couimittcc of Charity; 


were passed to each member to propose such candidates 
as they approved of. The following gentlemen were 
declared duly elected : 

Robert AI. Brown, President; 

Alexander Keith, J'icc-Prcsidcnt; 

William Billop Robertson, Sen. Asst. Vice-President; 

George R. Young, Junr. Asst. Viec-President; 

Archibald Sinclair, Seeretary; 

Angus Fraser, Asst. Secretary; 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Robert Xoble, 

Alexander Keith, 

G. y. Russell, 

James Dechman, 

Robert J. Bigby, 

James Thomson, | Committee for Collecting 

Thomas Laidlaw, J Back Dues. 

James Grant, Messenger. 

The unanimous thanks of the Society were voted to 
the retiring office-bearers. The Festival was duly cele- 
brated at the Exchange CofTee House, and was well 
attended by the Scotchmen of the city and their guests, 
including Lieut. -General Sir Peregrine Maitland and 
Stafif. Sir Peregrine, a Waterloo hero, in reply to the 
Army and Xavy, referred to Waterloo and the gallantry 
displayed by every British soldier on that immortal field. 
Sir Peregrine's health was then drank with Highland 
honors by the companv. This was a errand dinner, and, 
as is recorded of the first meetings of the Institution, 
mirth, jollity and ancient Scotch songs prevailed during 
the evening, and our next merry meeting was given 
from the Chair to a most enthusiastic company, who 
separated at an early hour with their attachment strength- 
ened to the Society and each other. The Band of the 
98tli Regiment attended the Festival. 


Biographical Note — 1830. 

Robert M. Brown was one of the most popular Scotch- 
men in Halifax. He was one of the largest importers of 
tea in his day on this continent. He accumulated great 


The meetings were held at the Masonic Hall, and were 
all well attended. The Committee of Charity was 
actively employed, as over £100 was expended. Among 
the gentlemen admitted were two, whose exertions are 
worthy of recollection as Committee-men and as gentle- 
men who had been always alive to the Society's in- 
terests, viz. : 

Robt. D. Clarke, proposed by Adam Reid, 
William Murray, " " John Fraser. 

The following additional names were also added to the 
Roll, viz.: 

Alex. Paul, Alex. Ross, 

Alex. Smith, Robert Bigby, 

John Forrest, Rev. James Morrison. 

Lieut. -Col. Marshall, Inspecting Field Ofhcer Militia, 
Hugh Lyle and Alex. McGill, were elected Honorary 
Members. It may be here stated that the widow pen- 
sioners before referred to, absorbed a great portion of the 
charity of the Society of the year, the instances of occa- 
sional and transient relief being few. At the November 



meeting the office-bearers elected to serve for the ensuing 
yar. 1832, were the following: 

Alex. Keith, President: 

William B. Robertson. Jlcc-Prcsidcnf, 

Robt. Romans. ] 

Alex. Paul, i ^^''^- I'^cc-Prcsidcnfs; 

Archibald Sinclair, Secretary; 

John Watt, Assf. Secretary; 

Andrew Mitchell. Treasurer; 

Thos. Williamson, 

Adam Esson, CGiminttcc 

John Farquhar, of 

Arch. McDonald, Charitx. 

Jas. Dechman, Sr., ^ 

James Thomson. \ Couunittee for Collecting 

William Mill, / Back Dues. 

James Grant. Messenger. 

The thanks of the Society were voted to Messrs. Jas. 
Thomson and Thos. Laidlaw, for their exertions in re- 
covering a large amount of back dues during the past 

The Festival was celebrated on the 30th by the usual 
dinner and was a most joyous gathering. The Chair was 
ably filled by the President elect. !Mirth, song and senti- 
ment prevailed until an early hour. The Band of the 
96th Regiment occupied the Orchestra. 

Biographical Note — 1831. 

Alex. Keith, born at Wick. Caithness-shire. Scotland. 
in 1795. was for many years the best known brewer in 
Halifax. For a generation he was head and front of 
the Masonic fraternity, and at his death was Grand 
Master. During his long life in this city he filled almost 
every office in the gift of the people, was President of 


the Legislative Council, twice elected [Mayor; a keen 
curler, a man of wealth. His business is still carried on 
by his family. He was long connected with the North 
British Society, and died in 1873, aged 78 years. 


Extraordinary interest is visible m the Society's work- 
ing this year. The records show that every meeting was 
rttended by a great number of members, and that no less 
than twenty-four gentlemen were admitted. The worthy 
President, a most pooular centleman, by his influence 
and en'husiasm, promoted this large increase. Over one 
hundred pounds were expended in charity, and the trans- 
actions of every meeting show that the utmost harmony 
and un'^nimity prevailed. Among the members pro- 
posed for membershio. we notice the names of several 
eentlemen who have since been favorably known in this 
Society : 

John Gibson, I 

Robert Malcom, ' Proposed by Jas. Thomson. 

John Esson^ " G. N. Russell, 

Charles W. Wallace, " John Farquhar, 

The above with the following were admitted during 
the year: 

Thomas Cummings. Jas. Anderson, 
James Reid, George Barton, 

Alexander Dufif, James Murdorh, 

Robert Wilson, Hugh Camubell. 

Alexander AlcXab, John McXab, 
David S. Sutherland, John A. Mann, 
Hugh Anderson, James Mcintosh, 
Alexander Davidson, \V. F. Black, 
William ]\IcKav. Alexander Henry, 
Xeil McA'ica'-, Joseph Robinson, 


and the following- were elected Honorary Members: 
James McDonald, 
Lieut. Edward Stewart, R.N., 

Lieut. James Stewart, 74th Regt., grandson of Anthony 
Stewart, one of our first Presidents. 

Dr. Colin Allan. Medical Staff, 

Jas. Flockhart, Master Mariner, 

William Stevenson, 

Alex. Henderson. 
The Asiatic Cholera having visited several cities on the 
Continent, and its ravages being anticipated in Halifax 
during the summer, led to the following motion being 
made ct the Mav meeting, when G. R. Youne moved: 
" That in the event of the Asiatic Cholera extending its 
ravages to Halifax, the ol^ce-bearers shall forthwith sum- 
mon an ext^nordinarv meeting of this Society, for the 
purpose of adopting measures as may then be considered 
expedient in meeting the exigencies of the time." 

At the November meeting, which was very largely 
attended, the following gentlemen were unanimously 
chosen ofifice-bearcs for 1833, viz.: 

\\\ B. Robertson, President: 

Robert Romans, Vice-President; 

Archibald Sinclair. Senr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Alex. Paul, Jnnr. Ass^. J^iee-Prcsidciit; 

Andrew Mitchell, Treasurer; 

John Watt. Se^-rrtary; 

David S. Sutherland, Asst. Secretary; 

Thomas Williamson, 

James Dechman, 1 

John Farquhir, I 

John McLean.. I Conrnittee of Charity; 

Adam Esson.. ^ 

James Malcom, \ Collectors of Back Dues. 
Argus Eraser, ) 

James Grant, Messenger. 


The annual dinner came oil on the 30th X^ovember, at 
the ^Masonic Hall. Sir Perigrine ]\Iaitland. with ten Staft' 
Officers who had all fought at Waterloo, graced the occa- 
sion. A large number of the leading men of the Province 
were also present. The Band of the Rifle Brigade was 
in attendance, and added to the pleasure of the evening. 
Along with the very fine selection of toasts given during 
the night, we notice one to the memory of four active, 
energetic and influential members, who had well repre- 
sented their country in this Province, and who had been 
ever distinguished for their attachment to the Society, 
viz. : — Hon. Michael \\'allace, Hon. Judge Stewart, Hon. 
John Black. Hon. Jas. Fraser, who had all lately passed 
from earth. This Festival was like all its predecessors, 
a complete success. 

Biographical Notes — 1832. 

John Gibson, a native of Dunfermline, Scotland, born 
in 1806, was a well-known merchant of this Citv. He 
was long connected with our Society, and at his death, 
which took place at Halifax in 1893, was a benefactor 
and Perpetual ^Member. 

William B. Robertson was born at Dundee in 1768. 
He was a West India merchant of eminence, and member 
of the firm of Fiddes, ^la.x & Robertson, whose business 
premises were on the site of ^vlitcheH's Wharf. He 
amassed a fortune in business, and returned to Scotland. 
He died in 1842 at Edinburgh. 


The meetings were held at ]\Iason Hall, and much inter- 
esting business was transacted. Twenty-two members 
were added to the Roll, among whom we notice the name 



of John Mackintosh, a most enthusiastic and warm- 
hearted Clansman, well known to every Scotchman of 
his time in the city. The above with the following 
signed the Roll this year: 

Alex. Stewart, subsequently Master of the Rolls. 

Alex. AIcKenzie, Winnie Johnston. 

W. A. McAgy, James McDonald, 

James Lockerby, Danl. McLean, 

Alexander Troup. William Gerrad, 

Alexander Hendry. John G. McKenzie, 

William Robertson. John McKay, 

James Grant, David Stevens, 

Alexander Stewart, William Scotl. 

\\'illiam Grieve. John Crinde'', 
David Caldcr, 

and the following were elected Honorary Members: 

Hugh McDonald ( Antigonish). a gentleman well 

known in this city ; 
Alexander Farquharson. Dartmouth. 

About eighty poimds were disbursed by the Committee 
of Charity, and Lieut. James Dufifus this year surrendered 
his bond for four hundred pounds to the Society, which 
was deposited in the Bank, on interest, until an oppor- 
tunity should occur for re-investing. At the February 
meeting, a Committee was appointed to revise several 
of the Rules, who reported at the November meeting. 
which was attended b}- nearly se\'enty members, as fol- 
lows : 

" Report of the Committee appointed to revise the Rules, procure 
ue-ci' pamphlets. &c., of the Xorth British Society." 

" The Committee appointed by the Society to revise its 
Code of Rules, and to prepare the same for publication, 
beg leave to report that they have proceeded with all 
diligence in the performance of that duty. 



" They have thought it advisable to innovate as Httle 
as possible upon the ancient and established Rules, as 
most of them seem to have been thoroughly digested, 
and found to answer the purpose of the Society, and as 
they are familiar and have been acted upon for many 
vears, it appeared to them preferable to preserve their 
very form and arrangement. At the same time they find 
it necessary to ofifer a few material regulations for the 
consideration of the Society, and they feel assured the 
expediency of them wall be so obvious that they will 
meet the general approbation, and these alterations are 
as follows : 

" The Rule relating to the admission of Honorary 
]\Iembers, as amended, will now read as follows : Honor- 
ary ^Members shall consist of those persons eligible into 
the Society, who are Passengers and Sojourners rather 
than resident in Town, or who being ordinary members, 
mav remove from Towai, or of those whom on account 
of their office and vocation the Society shall think proper 
to exempt, though resident, from the duty of ordinary 
attendance. In either case they shall contribute to the 
funds of charity, a sum not less than six dollars. The 
admission and enrollment of members of the first descrip- 
tion shall, as heretofore, be vested in the officers of the 
Society, namely in the President, Vice-President and 
assistants. And it is to be understood that if any mem- 
ber of the first or second class shall become permanent 
residents in Town, they shall pay the same annual con- 
tribution as ordinary members, or otherwise shall cease 
to be members of the Society. 

" The rule which to your Committee appeared the most 
objectionable, in point of legal construction, was part of 
section fifth, directing the mode in which the surplus 
funds were to be invested at interest. Those suggested, 
however, seem to supply the deficiencies in the existing 
rule and to create those guards which are essential to 


protect the interest of the Society, and are as follows : 
After the words in section fifth ' shall lend out the same 
on interest.' ' On the credit of the Province or unexcep- 
tional personal security by bond, or by investment in 
Real Estate within the Town of Halifax, by Bond and 
Mortgage. This security to be taken in the name of 
the President and Vice-President, for the time being, and 
the survivor of them as Trustees for the said Society, 
and in the said instrument of security, it shall be declared 
that the same is made in trust for the Society, and the 
President and Vice-President shall be parties to and 
shall execute the same in the presence of two witnesses, 
and the said security shall be lodged with the Treasurer 
for the time being, and the mortgage, if any, to be duly 
recorded, provided always that the said President and 
Vice-President, or either of them, their Heirs, Executors, 
or Administrators, shall at all times subsequent (on being 
required by the Society at a general meeting so to do) 
execute an assignment or assignments of the said instru- 
ment or instruments to their successors in office.' 

" In carefully examining the book of record of the 
Society, the Committee find only two amendments to the 
Rules which relate altogether to the duties and powers 
of the Committee of Charity, which will in the new pam- 
phlet be introduced in their proper place. Those amend- 
ments empower the Committee of Charity to grant a 
sum from the funds, not to exceed five pounds, in such 
extreme cases as the Committee may think necessary, 
and where five pounds be drawn by order on the Trea- 
surer, the order must be signed by every member of said 
Committee of Charity, and to prevent frauds and imposi- 
tions on said Committee of Charity, all orders on the 
Treasurer shall be signed by at least three of said Com- 

" In preparing the list of names of the members of the 
Society, they have left out the names of such persons 


who, although proposed and admitted, have never en- 
rolled themselves as members, and have rejected also the 
members expelled, who, to the honor of the Society, are 
but few in number. 

" Your Committee hive also to report that they have 
agreed with Mr. John Munro, one of our members, to 
print and fu'-nish complete 300 copies of the Rules of the 
Society, with the nimes of its members to the date here- 
of, for the sum of five pounds, as soon as the amendments 
have passed the meeting, and the present report be 
received and adopted." 

(Si;:;ned) \\'\w. Young, 

Robt. Noble, 
Arch. Sinclair, 
Robt. M. Brown, 
John Williamson. 

On motion of Rev. John Martin, it was unanimously 
resolved that the report be adopted, and that the amend- 
ments be incorporated in the Rules of the Society. 

The Society at this meeting, on motion of Robt. Noble, 
Esq., requested the President to address a letter of con- 
dolence to the family of our late lamented Treasurer, 
Andrew Mitchell, Esq.. expressive of the high respect 
and esteem entertained for him by his brother members, 
and of their gratitude for his faithful and zealous dis- 
charge of the duties of his office, which the Society con- 
sidered but a duty of respect, and a just tribute to his 

The following office-besrers were elected for 1834: 

Robert Romans, President: 

Archibald Sinclair, Jlce-Presidcnt: 

Hugh Campbell, Senr. Asst. ]^ ice-President : 

Angus Fraser, Junr. Asst. J'icc-Prcsident: 

Alex. Fiddes, Treasurer: 

John Watt, Secretary: 

Alex. Hendry, Asst. Secretary: 

James Grant, Messenger; 



Committee of Charity; 

Robt. Xoble, 

John McLean, 

Adam Esson^ 

John Eraser, 

Jas. Dechman, 

Peter Grant, \ 

R. F. Bigby. - Back Dues. 

AA'm. McKay, ) 

The Festival was celebrated on the 30th at the 
Exchange Coffee House. Great harmony and kindly feel- 
ing prevailed, and among the many healths drank we 
notice that of Jas. Forman, the Fathei; of the Society. 
The fine Band of the 92nd Regiment enlivened the even- 
ing, and that, with thirty toasts from the Chair, and 
several volunteer ones from the company, made the night 
short, and all parted pleased with the honor given to the 
national saint, which on this occasion was equal to that 
of any former re-union. 

Biographical Note — 1833. 

The Honorable Alexander Stewart, a Companion of 
the ^lost Honorable Order of the Bath, Master of the 
Rolls of the Province of Nova Scotia, and Judge of the 
Court of A'^ice Admiralty, was born at Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, on the first day of January, 1794. and died 
at Halifax first day of January, 1865. He was the 
son of the Reverend James Stewart, a Presbyterian 
minister, who with his wife shortly before his birth, 
came to the Province from Glasgow, Scotland. His 
father died when Stewart was cjuite young, leaving a 
widow and two children beside Alexander, in poor cir- 
cumstances. Stewart was educated at the Halifax 
Grammar School, and at an early age obtained a clerk- 
ship in the Ordnance Department. After a few vears' 
service he gave up this position, and went into a mer- 
chant's office and subsequently became a partner in the 
firm, which did a large \\"est India business as bloody & 


Stewart. Always anxious to become a lawyer, after 
acquiring- considerable wealth, he commenced the study 
of the Law. and was admitted to the Bar of Xova Scotia, 
and afterwards of Xew Brunswick, in 1816. He resided 
at Amherst, Cumberland County, for many years, and 
practised both in Xova Scotia and Xew Brunswick, until 
he Avent on the Bench. He rose rapidly in the profes- 
sion, and soon was regarded as one of the foremost 
lawyers in the Provinces. He was elected to the House 
of Assembly of X'^ova Scotia in 1826, and continued to be 
a representative of Cumberland County until 1836, when 
he was made a member of the Legislative Council, where 
he sat until his elevation to be ^Master of the Rolls. 

He became a member of the Government, and was one 
of the late ^\v. Johnston's colleagues at the time of his 
appointment. In 1846, on the death of S. G. W. Archi- 
bald, he was created blaster of the Rolls, which position 
he filled with great ability until the Court was abolished 
bv Act of the Legislature in 1856. At the same time as 
he was made Master of the Rolls, he was appointed Judge 
of the Court of \'ice Admiralty by the Imperial Govern- 
ment. His masterly decisions in that Court, as well as 
in the Court of Chancery, easily placed him in the front 
rank of the many eminent Judges of this Province. 

In his early political life, ]\Ir. Stewart, was a Reformer, 
and took a leading part in the attack upon, and abolition 
of the Old Council of Twelve. He worked in conjunc- 
tion with Joseph Howe. Afterwards, believing Hovv-e 
was becoming too extreme, they parted, and Stewart 
became a member of the Johnston Administration. He 
was a powerful and fluent speaker, and most active in 
the Legislature. His. honorable and upright character 
as a man. with the ability and boldness with which he 
supported the measures he advocated, made him. in his 
day, one of the greatest forces in the Legislature. He 



joined the Society in 1833, and at once became a leading 
and valued member. His dignified presence and 
eloquent patriotic addresses, both at the Quarterly and 
at the annual celebration of St. Andrew, were worthy 
meetings of a greater platform. For thirty years he 
contributed greatly by his magnificent mental powers 
to the prestige and advantage of the Society. 

Robert Romans was a very popular man, generous, 
genial and dignified, and w^ell liked by the Society and 
citizens. He for years, when advanced in life, filled the 
position of Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod in the 
Legislative Council. 


The Quarterly meetings were held at ]\Iason Hall, and 
were well attended. About iiinety pounds were applied 
to charitable purposes, and the records s^^how a well sus- 
tained interest in the affairs of the Institution by the 
members. This year the Society's Bond, surrendered by 
Lieut. James Dufifus, w^as taken by Mr. James Lessell, a 
gentleman long connected with the Society. Among the 
names of ordinary members admitted, we notice that of 
George Esson, a gentleman who proved himself during 
a long term of membership a most zealous and worthy 
adherent of the Society, and well known as an indefatig- 
able member of the Committee of Charity. The follow- 
ing were also admitted during the year : 

Rev. Alex. Romans, Jas. Flockhart, Jr., 
James Leitch, James Irons, 

James Humphrey, Gilbert Elliot, 
Daniel Mclvor, John McLeod,- 

George Nicoll, John Rhind, 

Alexander Carson, Andrew Oswald, 
Tames Crawford. 


At the Annual Meeting a Committee consisting of the 
lollowing gentlemen were appointed to wait upon the 
Lieutenant-Governor, His Excellency Sir Colin Campbell, 
with a copy of the Rules of the Society, viz. : 

S. G. W. Archibald, Chas. W. Wallace. 

Hon. B. Halliburton, Chas. W. Wallace. 

John Young and the President, V.P., and Treasurer. 

The follow^ing office-bearers were chosen for the ensu- 
inof year. 1835, viz. : 

Archibald Sinclair, President; 

William ^Murdoch, Jlcc-Prcsidctif: 

John \\'att, Scur. Assf. Jlcc-Prcsidciif: 

A\"illiam Miller. Jitiir. Assf. J'icc-Prcsidciit ; 

John Esson. Secretary; 

John Gibson, Asst. Secretary; 

Alexander Eiddes, Treasurer; 

Adam Esson, 

James Dechman, Committee 

Robert Xoble, of 

Wm. Billop Robertson. Charity; 

Tames Thomson, 

James Dechman. Collector of Back Dues: 

James Grant. Messcui^cr. 

The Festival was quite a grand affair. It was held at 
Masonic Hall, and the President waived his claim of 
presiding to the Hon. Chief Justice Halliburton, who was 
ably assisted by the Attorney-General as \'ice Chairman. 
Among the distinguished guests were His Excellency the 
Lieut.-Governor, Sir Colin Campbell and Staff, Hon. T. 
X. Jeffrey, etc. In the course of the evening Sir Colin 
addressed the Society with much feeling, expressing his 
great satisfaction in meeting such a bodv of countrvmen, 
and of the pleasure experienced by him in uniting with 
such a Society in doing honor to the National Saint. 
Speeches followed from John Young, and other talented 


members. The company broke up about 2 a.m., after a 
most enthusiastic celebration, at which wit and the ex- 
pression of high patriotic thought united with thorough 
Scotch conviviaHty in making time fiy swiftly to the hour 
when the closing toast of our next merry meeting was 


The meetings were held this year at the Masonic Hall. 
Over £120 was appropriated to the charity of the 

The Committee appointed to wait upon the Lieut. - 
Governor with a copy of the Rules of the Institution, 
reported that they had done so, and that Sir Colin Camp- 
bell was much flattered by the call and signified his appre- 
ciation of the honor conferred in electing him an Honor- 
ary Member of the Society. The following gentlemen 
were admitted ordinary members :• 

James Fraser, Thomas Elliot. 

Robert McHannay, Alex. Stewart, 
James Irons, John Oal_, 

William Bauld, John Forbes. 

Not much of note was transacted at the meetings, but 
the Committee of Charity were actively employed, as 
the cholera visited Halifax during the summer. At the 
Annual ?^[eeting in November, the following gentlemen 
were chosen to preside over the Society for 1836, viz.: 
Robert Noble, President: 
George R. Youne, Viee-Presidcnt: 
Andrew ISIacKinlay. Senr. Asst. J^icc-President; 
Adam Reid, ///;/;-. Asst. Vice-President: 
Alexander Fiddes, Treasurer; 
John Esson, Secretary ; 
John Gibson, Asst. Secretary; 
James Grant, Messenger; 




Robert Romans, 

James Thomson, 

Adam Esson, 

W. B. Robertson, 

John Fraser, 

George Esson, 

John Rhind. [Committee for Collecting 

Daniel r^IcLean. j ^''''' ^""- 

A vote of thanks was unanimously passed to the office- 
bearers of the past vear. 

The Society celebrated the anniversary of the Saint 
at Mason Hall. A numerous company sat down and did 
justice to a splendid dinner. The President. Robt. Xoble, 
Esq., very ably discharged his duties, and was 
well assisted by G. R. Young as Vice-Chairman. 
At the right of the President sat Sir Colin Campbell, who 
favored the company during the evening with a patriotic 
address, speaking of the great satisfaction it gave him to 
meet so many of his co-patriots ; that in many lands and 
under many various circumstances he had met many 
companies of his countrymen, but never an occasion such 
as the present where all were so enthusiastic and genial. 
The splendid Band of the 34th Regiment enlivened the 
evening, between the toasts, with the magnificent music, 
and also sung several Scotch Glees. The night was 
spent in harmony and mirth, and the jollity was still 
vigorous when the reporter of the above extract for the 
next day's paper left the scene, some time beyond that 
hour which is of " Xight's dark arcli the kev sfaiie.'' 

Biographical Note — 1835, 

Robert Noble was one of our most popular and wealthy 
members, who for many years was ever foremost in all 
matters of patriotism and charity in Halifax. He was 
born at Peebles, Scotland, August 9th, 1792, and 



entered on a busy commercial life at Leith. At an early 
age he emigrated to this country in 1814, and for an 
extended period covering many years, conducted an 
extensive West India business in our city. He amassed 
wealth by his strenuous and well-directed efforts, and 
ever held the confidence of his fellows by his integrity 
and high code of honor, and was looked up to as about 
the last of the great Scottish mercantile guild of Halifax, 
which for so many years had given such prominence in 
the world to the business of our city. In 1822 he joined 
our Society, and through a lon^ and honorable career 
held the esteem of his countrymen. He was a popular 
President, and before attaining that distinction had 
.served with honor in all the subordinate olifices. Mr. 
A'oble was a cousin of the great Edinburgh publishers, 
\\'illiam and Robert Chambers, with whom he for many 
years corresponded. Mr. Ncble became a Perpetual 
Member in 1869, and died in 1872 greatly regretted, aged 
80 vears. 


The meetings were held at the Mason Hall, and 
were all well attended. ^luch work was transacted, 
and with s-.ich a popular gentleman as Mr. Xoble at the 
head of the Societv, the business, as might be expected, 
was carried on with greit unanimity. About £100 was 
disbu-sed hy the Conmmittee of Charity, and the follow- 
in:^ were admitted ordinary members, viz. : 

John McPherson, Alex. G. Fraser, 

.-\dam Black, Geo. Henderson, 

Robert Mitchell, Lawrence McLean, 

Neil McOnarrie, William MacKinlay, 

Wm. Stephenson, AVinckworth Allan, 

Allan Campbell, Donald McKay, 

John Gordon. 


The Society having- sent a copy of the Rules to Dr. 
McDonild. R.A., and Capt. Pringle, R.A., two fellow 
countrymen, e:ich asked to be added to the list of Honor- 
ary Members, and were at the Xovember meeting, with 
Matthew ^IcKenna and Alexander Duff, unanimously 

At the Annual Meeting, which was attended by over 
seventy members, the thanks of the Society were unani- 
mously voted to the Committee for collecting back dues, 
for their exertions in collecting a very large amount dur- 
ing the vear, also to the retiring Treasurer, Alex. Fiddes, 
Esq., for his faithful services as Treasurer to the Society, 
and to the Secretary, John Esson, for his regular attend- 
ance during the last two years to the business of the 
Society. The following gentlemen were elected office- 
bearers for the ensuing year: 

George R. Young, President; 

John ?\Iunro. Jles-Prcsideiif: 

John Essen, Seiir. Assf. Vice-President; 

James Mu'"doch, Junr. Asst. Vice-President; 

John AA^att. Treasurer; 

Angus Eraser, Secretary: 

George Henderson. Asst. Secretary; 

James Grant, Messenger; 

James Thomson, 

Robert Romans, 

William Grant, / Cowmittec of Charity: 

Adam Esson, 

John Eraser,, 

John Brander, 1 

A\-m. Murrav, Committee for Collecting 

John McKay. ' ^''^ ^""- 

The anniversary was duly honored by a magnificent 
dinner at the Exchange Coffee House, then conducted by 
Donald Campbell, a famous caterer of the day, on the 
30th Xovember. 


George R. Young, as President, ably presided, and 
was well assisted by John Munro, Vice-President. The 
night was marked by great hilarity and harmony, and as 
if to do honor to the occasion, the wife of the Host was 
delivered of a fine boy just as the Band was playing "The 
Campbells are Coming," after the health of Sir Colin 
Campbell was being responded to. 

There is a dim tradition that the boy, immediately 
after his advent to Halifax, was brought in on a silver 
salver and presented to Sir Colin, who named him " St. 
Andrew Donald Campbell," in honor of the occasion, 
after which the health of this latest addition to the 
Campbell Clan w^as drunk with Highland honors, and 
on motion of Sir Colin, he was unanimously elected an 
Honorary Member of the Society. 

During the Festival twenty-two toasts were drunk. 
Amongst others that of the living Fathers of the Society, 
James Forman and Alexander Fiddes, Esqs. 

Biographical Note — 1836. 

George R. Young, born at Falkirk, 1802, was brother 
of Sir William, and for miny years his legal partner; he 
was a son of John Young, the great Agriculturist. He 
was an eminent counsel, and long connected with our 


The meetino-s were held this year at the Exchange 
Coffee Horse. The Society w-ell supported their very 
popular President, a fair number was added to the Roll 


and over £ico were distributed in charity. The follow- 
ing were admitted ordinary members : 

John McGregor, Thomas Humphrey, 

Rev. James Mcintosh, Alexander Fraser, 

Jacob Currie, W. Donaldson, 

Joseph G. Ross, Edward Craigen. 

"W. Donald, David Walker, 

John U. Ross, 
and the gentlemen named below were elected Honorary 
Members : 

Hon. Col. Dundas, H.M. 83rd Regt.. proposed by 

John Esson ; 
E. Binchin and Robert Mcintosh, of Shelburne. 
A considerable amount was collected by the " Back 
Dues Committee." Among those admitted were John 
McGregor, Esq., at one time owner of Pictou Island, who 
was afterwards elected President, who took a warm 
interest in the working of the Society, and Rev. James 
Mcintosh, a talented young clergyman in connection 
Avith the Church of Scotland in this city. At the Annual 
Meeting the gentlemen selected by the Society to pre- 
side over its interests for the ensuing year were : 

John Munro, President; 

James F. Gray, Vice-President: 

Edward Wallace, Seiir. Jlce-Presidenf: 

Alexander Primrose. Jitnr. rice-Presidcuf: ' 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

James Lessell, Secretary; 

George Esson, Assf. Secretary: 

James Thomson, 

Robert Romans, Committee 

William Grant, of 

John Fraser, Charity. 

Adam Esson. 

"William Murrav, "j 

John Brander, ' " ^ '"'"''^^'^'^ ^'or CoUcctino; 

John :\IcKav, -' ^'^^'^^ ^'"^^- 


A vote of thanks was moved and passed unanimously 
to the ofifice-bearers for the past year for their faithful 
(Hscharge of duty. 

The Festival was celebrated at the Exchange Coffee 
House by the Society dining together. A large number 
of members, with many guests, among them Lieut. - 
General Sir Colin Campbell and Sir Peter Halket, 
Admiral on the Station, with other noted Scots, sup- 
porting the Chair, sat down to an elegant dinner. The 
occasion was marked by that friendly conviviality which 
has made those re-unions of St. Andrew popular and to 
be looked forward to as Festivals in every way worthy 
of the Society, and of ushering in the winter enjoyments. 
The Band of the 34th Regiment occupied the Orchestra. 


This year the meetings were held at Mason Hall, and 
Avere well attended. The Committee of Charity had 
many applicants for relief, and disbursed about £100. 
Two gentlemen were elected Perpetual Members, viz.: 

Thomas Williamson, Esq., Hugh Lyle, Senr., and four- 
teen names were added to the roll of ordinary members, 
viz. : 

Donald ^lurray, Robert Macdonald, 

John Grant, Samuel Gray, 

Alexander Bain, Andrew Richardson, 

Anthonv Ingles, Alexander Rhind, 

George McKenzie, Dr. A. Sawers, 

John Watson, John C. Halliburton, 

William Campbell, James McKenzie. 


In the above list will be noticed the names of several 
most worthy members, for few Societies have had the 
good fortune to possess such zealous and attached adher- 
ents, and no similar institution in the country, w^e 
believe, could present such an array of real earnest, 
talented and popular members as our Roll exhibited at 
this period. Two names in the list of new members of 
this vear deserve notice, viz. : 

Donald Murra}', George McKenzie, 

gentlemen who proved themselves well worthy the 
esteem of their fellow citizens and of their brother mem- 
bers ; active and faithful, they will be long remembered 
as being always foremost when any work of charity was 
in hand, and of being the most popular of our Presidents. 
Mr. George McKenzie. after a most useful life, died 
regretted on November 24th, 1867. 

yir. ^lurray, a most estimable member, died in 1874. 

The Coronation of our Sovereign. Queen \'ictoria, 
took place on the 28th June of this year, and was cele- 
brated with great honor by the citizens. 

The Society led the procession on that occasion, and 
presented an address to His Excellency the Lieutenant- 
Governor f"r tr^.nsmission to England, expressive of 
their loyalty and attachment to Her ^lajesty and the 
Throne. The address was drawn up by W'm. Young, 
C. W. Wallace, R. Xoble, and the office-bearers of the 
Society. A Banner was used for the first time by the 
Society at this celebration, which was prepared under 
the superintendence of the office-bearers, and the expense 
was defrayed by subscription of the members. 

The 93rd Highlanders being stationed in this City, 
a copy of the Rules was sent to the officers, which 
resulted in several of them applying for admission as 
Honorary Members. At the August meeting, the fol- 
lowing letter was read by the Secretary : 



Halifax, June 29th, 1838. 
Sir, — 

I h-^ve the honor to acquaint 
vou that the officers of the 93rd 
Highlanders named in the mar- 
trin. bein-^ natives of Scotland, 
are desirous of becoming Hon- 
orary }klembers of the Xorth 
British Society of Halifax. 

[.T. Col McGregor, 
-Major Arthur, 
Lieut. Nielson, 
" Dunbar, 
" Buchanan, 
" Agnevv 
" Gordon, 
Dr. Campbell. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

Your obedient humble servant, 

John Arthur, 
Major Coiivnanding Qp-d Highlanders. 
To the Secretary of the Xorth British Society. 

The above were duly admitted by acclamation. 

At the N^ovember meeting Dr. Robertson, Stafif Sur- 
geon, was also elected an Honorary member. 

The following ofBce-hearers were chosen for 1839. 

James F. Gray. President; 

Alex. Primjrose, Vic-Prcsidcnt : 

C. \\\ Wallace, Senr. J'iec-President: 

John McLean, /;/;//'. Assf. I'ice-President; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

John McGregor, Secretary; 

Samuel Gray, Asst. Secretary; 

James Thomson, "1 

John Fraser, | 

Robert Romans, 

Adam Esson, 

William Grant, 

William Murray, j 

John Br-nder, Collectors of Back Dues. 

John W. Ross, -' 
The Festival of St. Andrew was most enthusiastically 
celebrated. The dinner took place at Mason Hall and 
W9S well attended, the officers of the 93rd Highlanders 

Committee cf Cliaritv 


being all present. The Band and Pipers of the Regi- 
ment added to the pleasure of the celebration. The large 
company broke up at 2 a.m., delighted with the evening's 
enjoyment. Several good speeches were made during 
the dinner. Among the noticeable ones of the evening 
was one by the coming statesman. Joseph Howe, who 
took the company (although a Tory one) by storm. He 
received, at the close of his remarks, a splendid ovation. 
The President. James F. Gray, was ably assisted by 
Alexander Primrose. Vice-President, who discharged the 
duties of the Mce Chair on the occasion with great credit 
to himself and the Societv. 

Biographical Notes — 1838. 

Robert Alacdonald. born 1791 at Dornoch, Sutherland- 
shire. Scotland, and educated there, came to Halifax in 
1816, and was for a long life favorably known as a most 
upright and successful man. He joined the Society with 
several other Sutherlandshire men such as Donald 
Murrav, A\'m. Campbell and Jas. MacKenzie. in 1838, 
and for many years took an active part in the work of 
the Institution. During his connection with the Society 
he proposed over 100 members, and had, perhaps, more 
to do with the selection of Presidents than any other man 
in the fraternity. He would never accept office, but was 
ever active in advancing the work and good of the Asso- 
ciation. He died in 1866. 

Lieut.-Colonel MacGregor, of the 93rd Highlanders, 
was born at Inverness in 1785, and served with great dis- 
tinction in the Peninsular A\'ar. He was a great favorite 
in his regiment, and was created a IMajor-General. and 
subsequently was appointed Governor of the Windward 
Islands, where he died in 1841. 




^m^^^^^M ■■-•'■ 










Majcr-General Sir Colin Campbell, K. C. B., was a 
Scottish soldier, of great eminence, and came to this 
Province as Lieut. -Governor and Commander of the 
fo^'ces in 1834. He was a great favorite with our Scot- 
tish communitv. and while here, an enthusiastic member 
of the XoRTH British Society. He was a large con- 
tributor to our funds, and a constant attendant at the 
meetings. Sir Colin was the most popular of the Scot- 
tish Covernors of Nova Scotia, and we had several 
after the great Peace of 181 5, who were appointed to 
take charge of the Province. Dalhousie, Kempt, 
Maitland, Campbell and Falkland followed in succession, 
and then it closed ; and since that time the English and 
Irish ha\-e had a long innings. Sir Colin presided at the 
great christening held at the St. Andrew's Dinner, 1836, 
Avhich is duly recorded under that year's record. At 
his departure from Xova Scotia in 1840, for Scotland, a 
procession was formed by the North British and High- 
land Societies, and the horses drawing the carriage in 
which he was conveyed to the steamer were unharnessed 
r.nd the carriage drawn bv the members. 


The meetings were held this year at the ]\Iasonic Hall, 
the February and November meetings being attended by 
over seventy members. The usual amount was distribu- 
ted during the year in charity. The following gentle- 
men were admitted ordinary members, viz.: 

George P. ^Mitchell, John ]\Iunro, 2nd, 

John McLeod, Hugh Munro, 

Thomas Rhind, 
and the following were elected Honorary Members: 

James P^orman, Jr., 

Hugh Lyle, Jr., Master Mariner, 

and Robert M. Brown, Esq., became a Perpetual Mem- 
ber by paying the usual fee of £10. 


The members were all called upon this year for a 
private subscriotion of two shillings each to liquidate 
balance due on Banner procured last year for the Society. 
Mr. John Watt, Treasurer, received the thanks of the 
Society for his handsome presentation of a Treasurer's 
Insignia of office, consisting of a blue silk scarf with two 
silver cross keys, worn by himself in the Coronation 
Procession on June 28th, 1838. It was moved by \\\l- 
liam Young, and passed unanimously, " That two addi- 
tional officers be in future appointed by the Society to 
reo-ulate and superintend the necessary arrangements 
for the Quarterly meetings, to be called Stewards." John 
Richardson and Alexander McKenzie were accordingly 
appointed for the purpose expressed in the above reso- 

At the Xovember meeting, considerable discussion is 
recorded on the subject of back dues, several members 
being in two and three years' arrears. Resolutions and 
amendments were submitted, but it was finally decided 
to leave the matter, as at present, to the Committee for 
collection. At this meeting the following office-bearers 
were chosen for 1840: 

Alexander Primrose, President: 

Charles W. Wallace, J'icc-Prcsidoit: 

John AIcLean, Soir. J 'ice. do. 

Junior Fraser, ///;/;-. J'iee. do: 

Samuel Gray, Secretary: 

George P. Mitchell, Assf. Secretary: 

John Watt. Treasurer: 

William S. More, 

lohn Fraser, 

John Rhind. I C.rrnittce of Charity: 

Robert D. Clarke, 
Adam Esson, 

William ]\Iurrav, "1 „ x r- u f 

I Convnittee for Collecting, 

Alexander McKenzie, 1 d u n 

I £5:7r? Dues. 

Joseph G. Ross, 

Ichn Robb. Mcssoigcr. 


The Annual Dinner of the 30th Xovember took place 
at the Mason Hall, and was a splendid re-union of the 
Society. The President, Alexander Primrose, well dis- 
charged the duties of Chairman, with an able assistant 
in John McLean as \'ice. The Band of the 23rd Welsh 
Fusiliers was stationed in the Orchestra and enlivened 
the evening with a fine programme of Scottish music. 
Songs, speeches and sentiments from many talented 
gentlemen present made the hours pass swiftly away 
until " our next merry meeting " given at one of the early 
hours, closed this most popular annual celebration of the 
Scottish Saint. 

Biographical Note — 1839. 

Alexander Primrose, a leading lawyer for years in 
Halifax, was President of the Highland Society of Xova 
Scotia, President of the Curling Club, and a good all- 
round Scottish clansman. 

George Peter Mitchell, a leading merchant of this city, 
was a son of George Mitchell, Esq.. for many years 
Treasurer of the Society. ^Ir. G. P. Mitchell was born 
in Halifax, and for many years was noted for his busi- 
ness enterprise and example in all good works. He well 
maintained the excellent record of his family in our 
Institution, and after several years' service in various 
offices became a Peroetual Member. 


This year was certainly an active one in the Society's 
history. A large number of members were acquired, 
and nearly £150 distributed in charity to worthy appli- 
cants. Several special meetings of the Society were 



called <luriiis the year, and a full attendance is apparent 
from the record of those who responded to the summons. 
Nothins? can show better for the vitality of an insti- 
tution than the meetins^s being well attended, and this 
year the members appear to have been alive to the posi- 
tion and interests of the Society. At the special meet- 
ing of April i6th, it was decided to present an address to 
Her Majestv congratulatory upon Her Majesty's mar- 
riage with His Royal Highness, Prince Albert. The 
Committee appointed at that meeting consisted of 

The President, 
Rev. John Martin. 
Rev. W. Mackintosh, 
\Vm. Young. Esq. 

The above gentlemen prepared the same, and on Tues- 
day, the 2ist April, the Society, in conjunction with the 
of^ce-bearers and members of the Highland Society, pro- 
ceeded to Government House, when the Address was 
presented bv the President. Alex. Primrose, Esq., who at 
the same time, in the name of the North British and 
Highland Societies, invited His Excellency Lord Falk- 
land, to a Ball, to be given on the 5th May. in honor of 
Her Majestv's nuptials'. On that date a most magnifi- 
cent Ball under the Banners of the two Societies, was 
given at Masonic Hall, at which His Excellency and 
Suite and about 300 guests were present, the result of 
which was highly gratifying to all concerned. 

Among the gentlemen who were elected members this 
year we notice the name of Alex. Stephen, who was 
distinguished for his energetic and successful efforts for 
the advancement of the Society, and who presided over 
its looth Annual Meeting. The following were admitted 
ordinarv members during the year: 


William Fraser, Donald McKenzie, 

George G. Gray, Donald Sutherland, 

Thos. Hutchinson, John McDougall, 

James Swan, Duncan Patterson, 

W'm. F. Reid, David Rugg. 

' David McAinsh. Peter Imlay, 

John McIIreith, Samuel B. Smith, 

John Jamieson, Joseph A. Sievewright, 

and the following Honorary Members were admitted : 

Duncan MacFarlane, W'm. Annand, 

Hugh H. Ross. 

Th'-ee hundred copies of the Rules, with names of 
additional members who had joined since the last were 
printed, were ordered bv the Society at the May meeting. 
At the November meeting a communication was received 
from Sir Rupert D. George, acknowledging a despatch 
from Lord John Russell, by which he states that " Her 
Majesty had expressed her great pleasure on receiving 
the congratulations of the Society, and that an answer 
expressive of the same be transmitted to the Xorth 
British and Highland Societies." 

At this meeting a very large number of members 
attended to elect officers for the ensuing year. A great 
discussion attended this part of the business of the meet- 
ing, as the President and Vice-President were proposed 
and elected by acclamation, there being no other candi- 
dates proposed. This was objected to by many of the 
members as irregular, and the attention of the President 
was called to the Rule of the Society on Elections. It 
was then moved and seconded that the election of the 
President and Vice-President be re-considered, which 
was lost ; but the election of the remaining officers took 
place as usual. The result was that the following gentle- 
men were elected office-bearers for 1841 : 



Charles W. Wallace, President; 

John McLean, Vice-President: 

John Fraser, Senr. Asst. Vice-President: 

Robert D. Clarke, Jwir. Asst. Vice-President; 

John W^att, Treasurer; 

Geo. P. Mitchell, Secretary: 

Alex. McNab, Asst. Secretary: 

William S. More, 

John Fraser, 
John Rhind, 
Alex. Stewart, 
Adam Esson, 
Joseph G. Ross, 
Alex. McKenzie, 
William Murray, I 
John Robb, Messenger 




Committee for Collecting 
Back Dues. 

The Annual Dinner was held on the 30th November at 
the Masonic Hall. The Chair was occupied by 
Chas. W. Wallace, Chairman: 
John McLean, Vice-Chairman. 

The dinner was a most enthusiastic one. Lord Falkland 
and Suite were present, the Hall being crowded with 
members and their guests, and the table reflected great 
credit on the Host Coblentz. Among the number of 
healths proposed, that of Sir Colin Campbell met with 
marked approbation. The toast was honored by the 
company's hearty cheers expressive of their high estima- 
tion of that gallant gentleman. The occasion was a most 
successful efTort and reflected great credit on the office- 

.Biographical Notes — 1840. 

George G. Gray, a most earnest temperance worker in 
Halifax. He founded the Cold Water x^rmy in 1849, 
and was well known in after years as " General " Gray. 


Charles \\ . Wallace, Treasurer of the Province and 
son of Hon. .Alichael Wallace, one of our earliest Pre- 


The meetings were held this year at the Masonic Hall, 
over £100 were expended by the Committee of Charity, 
and the following gentlemen were admitted ordinary 
members : 

Maurice Mcllreith, Francis Downs, 
Alex. S. Reid. A\'m. Forrest, 

Jas. Cameron, Dr. Tas. C. Hume, 

Robert Kerr, Jas. Cameron, Jr., 

\Vm. Craie, John McDonald, 

Andrew AX'ilson, Alex. J. Stewart, 

Jas. Barron, Tohn AX'ilson, 

Henry Gibson. 

The followino^ Honorary Members were elected : 
James Berwick, Alex. Fiddes, 

J. Fraser. 

At the May meeting Alex. Primrose became a Per- 
petual Member by paying £ 10 into the hands of the 
Treasurer. A large amount of back dues having accumu- 
lated, it was determined to pay some member of the 
Society five per cent, for collecting, and Wra. Craig was 
deputed to act as Collector for the Societ^' and to pay 
over to the Treasurer monthly the amount collected. 
This year, on motion of John Watt, it was determined 
to open a subscription list with the members for the 
])urchase of Banners and Badges for the Society. At 
the Xovember meeting the Secretary stated that an 
old and esteemed member, Alex. Fiddes, wished, on 
account of his advanced age and inability to attend the 
meetings, to withdraw, but the members unanimously 



aecided to place his nanu' on the Honorary Hst. At the 
\nnual meetin- the following crentlemen were elected 
office-bearers for 1841. their names being proposed by 

|(,hn McLean, Pirsid.nt; 

Robert D. Clarke. J'ic:-P)rsidc)it: 

John McGregor. Scnr. Assf. Jlcc-Prcsidcnt ; 

"Wm. S. ^lore. Jiinr. Asst. ]lc:-F resident ; 

Alexander McXab. Secretary: 

Donald Murray, Asst. Seeretcry: 

John Watt. Treasurer: 

John Brander. 

William Grant. Committee 

John Esson. of 

Thomas Laidlaw. Charity; 

Alexander Stewart, 

William Craig, Collcetor; 

John Robb, Messenger. 
A vote of thanks w2s passed unanimously to the office- 
bearers for their attention to their duties during the past 

The Festival was duly celebrated on the 30th Novem- 
ber, bv a grand dinner at the Masonic Hall. Lord Falk- 
land, the Admiral and other notables present. 

John McLean, Esq.. Chairman: 

Robert D. Clarke. Vies-Chairman. 
A large number of members and guests sat down, and 
the toasts, which were many, enthusiastic and patriotic, 
were enlivened in the pauses by the splendid Band of 
the 64th Regiment. Many talented speeches were made, 
and this splendid celebration was kept up with spirit 
until the sma' hours of the ist December. The conduct 
of the arrangements throughout reflected much credit 
on the President and office-bearers for their successful 


A special meeting of the Society was held at Mason 
Hall on the 14th December, to take into consideration 
the presentation of an address to Her Majesty, in honor 
of the birth of the Duke of Cornwall, when it was unani- 
mously decided to present an address, and to forward 
the same through His Excellency the Lieut. Governor. 
The officers of the Society, with the Hon. Alexander 
Stewart, Hon. James ^IcXab, William Young, James 
Thomson and Robert Xoble, were appointed a Commit- 
tee to prepare the same. 

It was also resolved to unite with the sister Societies 
and citizens in the public celebration to be held 23rd 
December, in honor of the birth of the Duke of Corn- 
wall, and the Secretary was ordered to forward copies 
of the above resolution to the Mayor and the several 
sister Societies. 

Arrangements for the celebration were made by the 
civic authorities, but in the programme of the procession 
of Societies for presenting the address, the right of pre- 
cedence belonging to the Xorth British Society bv 
age. having been ignored, led to another special meeting 
being called on the 22nd December, when the following 
resolutions were offered and passed unanimously : 

Moved by G. R. Young, and ''' Rcsohrd that this 
Societv was founded in the year A. D. 1768. and has ever 
since been in existence, following up the charitable and 
useful views of its founders." 

" Rcsok'cd, That it is the opinion of this Society, that 
in all public processions, the charitable and other Socie- 
ties established, ought to take precedence according to 
seniority, and that such principle is invariably acted 
upon in general celebrations in the Mother Country." 

" Rcsohrd, That having understood that in the celebra- 
tion of the 23rd inst., this order of arrangement cannot 
be followed out. this Society cannot join in the same with- 


out painful collision with other Societies or yielding- a 
privilege conferred upon them by age and custom estab- 
lished in the Mother Country." 

These resolutions were endorsed by a very large meet- 
ing, and the Committee appointed to draw up the address 
were directed to wait upon His Excellency with the 
same at their earliest convenience, and the Secretary 
was directed to enclose a copy of the above resolution 
to His Worship the Mayor. 

The Committee, accompanied by forty leading mem- 
bers, waited upon His Excellency the Lieut. -Governor, 
Lord Falkhnd. on the 23rd of December, and presented 
the Address of the North British Society for trans- 
mission to Her Majesty. The deputation was received 
at Government House at 11 o'clock, and the joint address 
of the Irish, St. George and Philanthropic N.S. Societies 
at 12 o'clock, so that the right of precedence of the 
North British was sustained, although the miserable 
political jealousy and intrigue in which the other national 
societies became entangled, and which it is outside our 
province to discuss, prevented our Society taking part 
in the patriotic pageant of the day. The event of the 
withdrawal of the Xorth British Society created quite 
a breeze of feeling and excitement, which continued for 
some time after, disturbing greatly the harmony of the 
community, and resulting in the abolition of a long 
established custom at Government House afifecting the 
social recognition of the various national societies. 

From the time of Lieut. -Governor Eranklin in 1773, 
down through the regimes of the several Governors to 
Lord Falkland, the President of the North British 
Society was an official guest at the many private and 
public functions of the Mimic Court at Government 
House. The social status of the President as head of an 
important institution of leading men was acqnowledged ; 
moreover, it was gi\'en cheerfullv. as a return for the 


hospitalities of the Society extended annually to the 
Governor and his retinue. lUit after this date, Falkland, 
who was not a strong- man, afraid of the matter of dis- 
puted precedence arising again, decided to run no risks, 
and so the social recognition of the President and Society 
at Government House ended, and has never since been 
renewed. It was a most unpleasant episode and reflected 
little credit upon the societies who took so active a part 
against the just recognition of the Society's right to pre- 
cedence by age in national processions in this community. 

Biographical Note — 1841. 

John Maclean, of the firm of Sinclair & Maclean, was 
a popular member and one who rendered splendid ser- 
vice to the Societv. 


The Society met this year at the Masonic Hall, and the 
records show a large attendance, and even more than 
the ordinary amount of business transacted. Over £120 
was disbursed in charity, and the following names added 
to the roll of ordinarv members: — 

William Finlay, \\^illiam Grant, Jr., 

Nicholas Vass. A\'illiam Hutcheson, 

Hugh ]\Iorton, Rev. William DufT, 

and the following were elected Honorary members : 
Lieut. -General Sir Colin Campbell, 
V^ice Admiral Sir Charles Adam. 

A\'illiam Strachan, through extreme old age, being 
unable to attend the meetings, was unanimously placed 
on the list of Honorarv Members. 

A Committee consisting of the President and office- 
bearers of the Xorth British and Highland Societies, with 


James Thomson, having been appointed to procvire Ban- 
ners for the two patriotic Institutions, held several meet- 
ings during the year. It was unanimously decided, 
after ha\ing examined several descriptions of Banners, 
that the following be procured : First, a large Banner 
with the Royal Arms of Scotland, according to ancient 
heraldry emblazoned on both sides in the words : 
"North British Society, established at Halifax, 1768" 
to be'the Banner of the North British Society, and that 
the Banner of the Highland Society have on the first side 
the arms designated in the charter, and on the reverse, 
the figure of Ancient Caledonia on red, also the two 
Standards of Scotland. The first to bear the Red Ram- 
pant Lion of Scotland upon a Golden Shield, the second, 
the Silver Cross of St. Andrew upon a blue ground, and 
a large Union Jack for both Societies, all to be of heavy 

The material was imported, and the size of the Ban- 
ners, making, and general superintendence was entrusted 
to Jas. Thomson, who with the painter, Geo. Smithers, 
produced those elegant Banners, which, until their 
destruction by fire in 1892, were greatly prized by the 

The President, John McLean, generously presented to 
the. Society a splendid transparency of our patron saint, 
St. Andrew, for which he received the unanimous thanks 
of the members. 

At the November meeting the following gentlemen 
were elected office-bearers for the ensuing year, 1843: 

Robert D. Clarke, President: 

John McGreeor, Vice-President; 

Hugh Lyle, ) 

John McDougall, i ^^'f- ^^r-Presidatts; 

John Watt. Treasurer: 
Donald Murray. Seeretary: 
lohn Gibson. Asst. Secretary; 


John Brancler, 'i 

Angus Fraser, Committee 

John Esson, of 

William Grant, Sr.J Charity. 

Thomas Laidlaw, ' 

Jas. Fraser. Messenger. 

The Society duly celebrated the Festival of Saint 
Andrew by dining together at the Masonic Hall. About 
seventy members and guests were present, and under 
the able management of R. D. Clarke, Chairman, and 
John McGregor, who occupied the \'ice Chair, the com- 
pany enjoyed themselves as Scots can on such national 
occasions. Songs, toasts and talented responses, with 
good music, soon brought around the time of part- 
ing, which took place at midnight, all present being 
delighted with the Festival. The Band of the 30th Regt. 
occupied the Orchestra. 

Biographical Notes — 1842. 

AX'illiani Grant, Secretary for seven years, at present 
date (1904), is still an active member and the " Father" 
of the Societv. 

Robert D. Clarke, a popular member, and a descendant 
of Duncan Clark, an earlv President. 


The Society held their meetings this year at the 
Masonic Hall, and really did good service in the noble 
work of charity, the Committee having had a most 
unusual number of applicants for relief. About £150 
w?s disbursed in sending poor Scotsmen back to their 
native land, and relieving fellow countrymen. 




This year was also distinj^uishecl by the large amount 
of back dues collected, and the great interest taken in the 
working of the Institution. The following gentlemen 
were admitted ordinary members : 

Henry Watson. 
W'm. McKay, 
\\'m. Clarke, 
John Cormack, 
Robt. Forest, 
Robt. G. Noble, 

Adam Hunter, 
Geo. Wilson, 
Alex. McDonald, 
Robt. Lindsay, 
Robt. Balfour, 
Daniel Thompson, 

Henry Taylor. 

A donation to the funds was received from Sir Colin 
Campbell, the late Lieut. -Governor, through John L. 
Starr, his senior Aid-de-Camp. accompanied with the 
grateful recollection of the affectionate respect displayed 
by the Society on the occasion of the fleparture from 
Nova Scotia of the donor. 

At the November meetin';^:, after the disposal of a 
great amount of business, the Society proceeded to elect 
office-l^earers, which resulted as follows : 

John McGregor, President: 

John Richardson, J'icc-Prcsid:iif: 

John McDougall, Sen. Assf. Vice-President; 

Samuel Gray. Jnnr. Asst. Vice-President: 

John ^^"att. Trcjsurer: 

James Scott, Secretary: 

John Cormack, Asst. Secretary: 

John Mcllreith, 

John Esson, 
V\'m. Grant. 
Jas. Findla}'. 
Angus Fraser, 
Geo. ^^IcKenzie. 
Alex. Bain. 
\\'. B. Stephenson, 

Conunittee of Charity 

CoUectors of Back Dues. 


A unanimous vote of thanks was passed to the retiring 
office-bearers for their unremitting attention to their 
duties while in office. The celebration of the Festival 
was left with the office-bearers elect. 

The 30th was duly honored by a large and enthusiastic 
companv dining together at the Alasonic Hall. The 
Ch?.ir was ably filled by the President, who was the life 
of the assemblage. Toasts and good fellowship were 
enjoyed until 3 a.m., December ist. when our next merry 
meeting was given to a very happy and animated com- 

Biographical Note — 1843. 

I'ohn McGregor, a leading lawyer and most enthusi- 
astic Scot, was several times re-elected President of the 
Highland Society. He at one period of his life owned 
Pictou Island. 


This year the meetings were held, as for several past 
years, at the Masonic Hall. Over £120 was distributed 
in relief by the Committee of Charity. 

At the February meeting it was unanimously decided 
to admit fellow countrymen, non-residents, to the meet- 
ings of the Society, the member introducing each or any 
to pay two shillings and sixpence for the summer, and 
five shillings for the meetings of November and Feb- 
ruarv, for each one so introduced, such strangers not to 
take any part in the business. B}' this means it was 
supposed the Society would be better known and appre- 
ciated. The following were admitted ordinary members 
during the year: 

William Stevens, Chirles Hamilton, 

William Robb, Xeil Rankin, 

James Williamson, Alexander McLean. 
William Kandick, 
an 1 at the August meeting. Captain John Taylor, of the 


brig^ " William," was proposed as an Honorary ^Member 
])v jobn Cormack, and unanimously elected by a show 
of hands. The above well-known entleman proved a 
most valuable accpiisition to our; Society. 

At the .\ovend)er meeting the following ofifice-bearers 
were chosen for 1845 • 

John Richardson, President : 

James Thomson, Vice-President; 

Samuel Gray, Senr. Asst. Vice-President; 

Donald Murray. Jnnr. Asst. Vice-President; 

John Watt, Treasnrer; 

Geo. AIcKenzie, Secretary; 

\\'m. Grant, Asst. Secretory; 

John Alcllreith. \ 

Hugh Campbell, I Committee 

Adam Reid, ,' of 

Wm. Grant. Senr., I Charity. 

Jas. I'indlay. ' 

Tames Scott, I .- • r ^ 77 ,• 
' ..,,. „. , ' Convnittec for Collcctini^ 
\\ nliam rmlav, j r, , r^ 
.,..,,. ^^ r I Bark Ones. 
W illiam Stephenson, • 

The F"estival celebration was left, as usual, with the 
office-bea'"ers. At this meeting a note was received from 
Lieut. -Col. Crabbe, commanding the 74th Highlanders, 
enclosing the sum of one pound for the Charity Fund of 

the Institution. 

The celebration of the 30th took place at Masonic 
Hall. Over one hundred members and guests assembled 
to do honor to the occasion, and the table reflected great 
credit on the caterer, Hesslein. The Chair was filled 
by John Richardson, well assisted by James Thomson, 
\'ice-Chairman, and Assistant Vice-Presidents Donald 
Murray and Samuel Gray. About twenty toasts were 
given from the chair, and the time sped rapidly until the 
approaching Sabbath, which forbade any encroachments, 


warned the company by the parting toast that time 
was up at a quarter to twelve. 'This dinner was long 
remembered by all who had the pleasure of being pre- 
sent, as being the most social of the many gatherings 
that had taken place under the banners of the Society. 
An incident in connection with the dinner may be noted. 
The city had but recently been lit with gas, and slight 
difficulties occurred occasionally with the meters, so it 
happened that just as the company were comfortably 
seated, the gas suddenly went out and the hall was in 
darkness. Happily no confusion followed, as all kept 
their seats, and the trouble was almost instantly rectified. 

Biographical Note — 1844. 

John Richardson, a native of Perth. Scotland, was very 
popular in the community. He was President of the 
First Halifax Curling Club, President of the Highland 
Society of Nova Scotia, a leading man in the North 
P)RiTiSH, and in every way a gentleman of intelligence 
and judgment. He was greatly esteemed for his man}^ 
manly and patriotic qualities. He joined the Society 
in 1827. 


This year the meetings were held at the Masonic Hail 
and were very largely attended. The Committee of 
Charity expended about £100 in charity, and a large 
number of new members were acquired, viz. : 
Robert Boak, John Lithgow, 

James Magee, Wm. Boak, 

James Price, William Thomson, 

William Campbell, H. B. Reid, 
James Grieve, Angus McLean, 



\\'illiani Crawford, Jai. (jordon, 

John Sinclair, R. G. PVaser, 

William Jamison, Alex. ArcKa\', 

Alex. Taylo'-, .Vlex. McPherson, 

Donald Sutherland. Jas. Mitchell. 

Errol Boyd. Jas. Rhind, 

Jas. Reeves, Geo. Brown, 

Jos. Robinson, John Mitchell. 

A large amount of back dues were collected and the 
meetings were all enthusiastic and interesting'. The 
Society celebrating the anni^•ersary of Bannockburn on 
the 24th of June by a procession and picnic, in which they 
Avere joined by the Highland Society, and the display of 
Scottish costume in the procession, joined with the 
splendid new banners, made it one of the most brilliant 
pageants ever witnessed in Halifax. The picnic was 
a most triumphant success, and reflected the highest 
credit on Alessrs. John Esson, Donald Murray, John 
Rhind, Maurice Mcllreith. and John Brander. who so 
ably conducted the celebration to such a suc- 
cessful issue. At the next meeting in August they 
received the unanimous thanks of the Society for their 
exertions. A vote of thanks was also passed to William 
Grant, Sr.. for his admirable marshalling" the procession 
on that day. At the November meeting, after the usual 
routine business, the Society proceeded to elect the office- 
bearers for the ensuing year, when the following gentle- 
men were chosen : 

Jas. Thomson, President: 

John Esson, J'icc-Prcsid.Jit: 

Hugh Campbell. Scur. .-Issf. Vic:-Pirsidciif: 

Samuel Gra}-, /;////'. .-issf. J'icc-Prcsidciif: 

John Watt. Tr:astiirr: 

\\ ni. Cjrant. Tr., Sccirfarx: 

Alex. H, TaAdor, Assf. Secretary: 


Civmniitcc of Charity; 

Win. Grant, Sr., 

Peter Grant, 

John McXab, 

Adam Reid, 

Jas. Findlay, 

Jas. Scott, ^ r 17 , Ji 

, , , T Collectors of 

Ano-ns McLean. - V, , ^^ 

- ■ Back Dues. 
\\ illiam McKay, j 

Rev. John Scott. I ^, , • 

-r, T 1 Ar • I Chaplains; 

Rev. John Martin, ' 

James Fraser, Messenger. 

A unanimous vote of thanks was passed to the office- 
bearers for attention to their duties during the past 
year. The celebration of the National Anniversary took 
place on Monday, ist December, at ^Masonic Hall, when 
a large company consisting of members and guests 
assembled, and as it is recorded, " the gas did not go out 
this time." Jas. Thomson filled the chair, and John 
Esson. the vice-chair. About twenty-six toasts were 
disposed of and wit. conviviality and good-fellowship 
reigned supreme until the sma' hours of the next 

These re-unions are productive of much good, as at 
them local prejudices are forgotten and all meet in a 
National sense as brethren cherishing kindly feelings 
towards each other, as sons of one particular family of 
the human race — feelings second only to the ties of 
kindred. At these celebrations, recollections of the past 
history of our country are awakened and strengthened, 
and love hightened for our glorious fatherland. 

Biographical Notes — 1845. 

James Thomson, a native of Pennycuik, Midlothian, 
Scotland, was a gentleman of most profound judgment 
and ability. He founded the firm of Thomson & Esson, 
who were the leading cabinet-makers of the City for 




many years. They were succeeded in business by 
Gordon & Keith, Barrington Street. Mr. Thomson was 
long connected with the Xorth British Society, and for 
several years was on the Committee of Charity ; was 
President of the Mechanics' Institute, the Halifax 
Library, and other literarv organizations. 

Rev. John Martin was born at Perth, Scotland, in 1790, 
ordained at Hamilton, Scotland, and came out to Halifax 
in 1822, wdien he was called to the Pastorate of St. 
Andrew's Church, which he occupied until his death in 
1865. For many years he edited the Guardian newspaper, 
and helped in all movements for the advancement of 
morals and education. As a speaker, writer and worker, 
few can to-day realize the vast amount of work he so 
unselfishly accomplished. Mr. Martin joined our Society 
in 1823, and for a generation was Chaplain. He was 
proud of the position, and took a \'ital interest in the 
constant benevolent and social work of the Institution. 
His speeches, pithy, witty and humorous at the cele- 
bration of Saint Andrew, were long remembered for their 
eloquent reminiscences of the Land of the Leal. He was 
a man of piety and learning, and was looked up to as a 
great and unfailing authority on everything relating to 
Scottish Church government. He died in 1865, aged 75, 
deeply regretted by the community. 


The four Ouarterh- meetings were held at the Masonic 
Hall, and were each attended by from eighty to one 
hundred members. At the Annual Meeting over one 
hundred were present. £ ico was disbursed by the 



Charity Committee, and a number of ordinary members 
admitted, viz. : 

Thomas Bayne, 
John A. ]\Ioir, 
PhiHp Peebles, 
Wm. Kerr, 
Alex. Taylor, 
Stewart McDonald, 
John Wilson, 
W'm. McLean, 
James Scott. 
Wm. Wilson, 
Duncan Grant, 

Peter Ross, 
Thos. Cummings, 
David Smith, 
Wm. Woods, 
Wm. Hutchinson, 
Daniel McPherson, 
Jas. HuttoUj 
Arthur McLeod^ 
Wm. Laidlaw^, 
W. A. Hesson, 
Alex. Offston, 

Wm. Grant (3rd). 

Wm. Murdoch, Esq., became a Perpetual ?klember, 
paying the usual fee of £ 10. 

The thanks of the Society were voted to Wm. Grant, 
Robt. Noble and Angus McLean for their exertions in 
collecting a large amount of back dues. 

During the year 

Doctor H. McDonald, Maitk-.nd ; 
Alex. Barron, Master Mariner; 
Forbes Black, Margaret's Bay, and 
Doctor McDonald, Dartmouth, 
v/ere elected Honorary [Members. 

The office of Senior Asst. \^ice-President having be- 
come vacant by the decease of Hugh Campbell, Samuel 
(iray was chosen to fill his place, and Dr. James C. 
Hume, Junr. Asst. \^ice do. In examining the Treasur- 
er's account, we find the same number of widows on 
the relieved list, old pensioners and steady ones ; but 
although discussions on that subject took place almost 
every year, they were still retained and relieved. 


Coiiuniffcc of Cliarity; 


At the Xovember meeting" the following' were elected 
office-bearers for 1847: 

John Esson, President: 

\\m. }\Iur(loch, Jlcc-Prcsidciif : 

George McKenzie, Sciir. Vice-President; 

John McDoug-all, Junr. Vice-President: 

John Watt, Treasurer: 

\\'m. Grant. Jr., Secretary: 

A. H. Taylor, Asst. Secretary: 

Wm. Grant, 

Peter Grant, 

Adam Reid, 

Jas. Findley, 

John McNab. 

Angus McLean, \ „ . . „ ,, . 
T " o ^^ Louunittee lor Collectui^ 

James bcott, r, , r. 

, , T^ • 1 I Bacic Dues. 

Alex. Davidson, ' 

Chaplains re-elected. 

James Fraser, Messenger. 

The Annual Dinner took place at ^lasonic Hall, and 
was a capital re-union. Over one hundred members and 
guests were present. Thirty toasts were given from the 
Chair, and the responses were eloquent and patriotic. 
The health of Sir Colin Campbell was most enthusias- 
tically drunk, and the company separated early next day, 
well pleased with the celebration. 

Biographical Note — 1846. 

John Esson, for many years head of the large West 
India firm of John Esson & Co., was a man of shining 
talents, and for many years represented Halifax County 
in the Legislature. He was a great favorite in the 
Society, of which he was a constant and enthusiastic 


attendant. He was well known throughout the Province 
as a man of strict integrity and genuine worth. Mr. 
Esson died in 1863, aged 59 years. 


The Society held their meetings as usual at Masonic 
Hall, and, as might be expected with such a capital staff 
of office-bearers, they were well attended and interest- 
ing. About £130 was distributed in charity, and several 
shipwrecked countrymen were forwarded to Scotland. 

Jas. Kennedy, Geo. \\'el3ster, 

Samuel Xoble, C. A\'. Dickson. 

David Ross, Geo. Anderson, 

Archibald Sinclair, John Taylor 
James Knight, John Murdoch, 

Jchn McPherson, Jas. AXilkie, 
John Younnie. Daniel Thom, 

John Doull. Alex. Dow, 

became ordinary members, and 

Francis Munro, Portugese Cove; 

Capt. Geo. McKenzie ; 

D. Grant, Antigonish ; 

Xeil Rankin ; 

Charles Anderson, ]\Iusquodoboit ; 

Robert Grant. 

John Eraser and David Falconer, 
were elected Honorary Members. 

A splendid Picnic under the auspices of the Xorth 
British and Highland Societies was held on the 19th 
August, and great credit is due to the Managing Com- 
mittee, which consisted of Captain John Eraser, Donald 
Murray, Geo. Esson and Alex. Davidson, for its success. 

At the November meeting, which was attended by 
about one hundred members, a large amount of business 


was transacted, and the following gentlemen were elected 
to govern the Society for the following year: 

\\m. Murdoch, President; 

Hon. \Vm. Young, Vice-President; 

John Strachan, Scnr. Asst. Vice-President; 

George Esson. Jnnr. Asst. Vice-President; 

John AVatt, Trcosnrer; 

Wm. Grant, Jr., Secretary; 

H. A. Taylor, Asst. Secretary; 

Wm. Grant Senr., Marshal; 

Wm. Grant, Senr. 

Wm. Crawford, 

Adam Reid, J Convnittee of Charity; 

Thos. Laidlaw, 

John ]\IcNab, 

Jas. Scott, , 

Donald Sutherland, '. Back Dues. 

W. A. Hesson, j 

Rev. John Martin, I ^,, , . 

.,' Chaplains; 

Rev. John Scott, ) 

James Eraser, Messenger. 

The Annual Dinner came ofif on the 30th November 
at Masonic Hall, and was attended by His Excellency 
the Lieutenant-Governor Sir John Harvey and Suite, the 
Mayor, Heads of Departments, Office-bearers of sister 
societies, &c. The Chair was filled by William Mur- 
doch, the Vice Chair by William Young. The company 
was large and influential, and the toasts were well given 
and ably responded to. The health of His Excellency 
was proposed as the fifth toast, and was responded to 
in a clever and feeling manner by Sir John Harvey, who, 
in return, gave the North British Society, which called 
forth a spirited and brilliant response from the Vice 
Chairman, William Young. Amongst the speakers dur- 
ing the evening who commanded attention from their 
talented and eloquent speeches, were L. O'Connor Doyle, 


Rev. John Martin, Joseph Howe, and Col. Calder. The 
company finally separated at 12 o'clock, in great har- 

Biographical Notes — 1847. 

\\m. Murdoch, born at Perth, Scotland. 1800, was 
educated at Edinburgh, and entered business at Glasgow, 
with his brother James, in 1820. In the following year 
they closed business and came out to Halifax and opened 
up a retail dry goods establishment near the Ordnance. 
Thev were fortunate, and were joined by their brother 
Charles, and together prosecuted a wholesale trade 
with great profit. Their transactions became large, 
and their business was extended all over the Lower 
Provinces. In the course of thirty years the firm had 
accumulated considerable wealth. James died, and 
A\ illiam and Charles continued the business. In 1856 
AX'illiam retired from the firm and conducted a private 
banking business, and soon became in wealth and influ- 
ence a man of first importance in the community. ^Iv. 
Murdoch joined the Society in 1828, filled various offices 
with his usual ability, and was in 1848 elected President. 
He was a successful office-bearer and a favorite with the 
members. He never married, was charitable and ably 
seconded every work started for the benefit of his fellow 
citizens. In i860 he retired from business and resided 
in London, and there, with his nephews William and 
Robert, conducted a large banking and commission busi- 
ness under the name of Murdoch, Nephews & Slater, 
and also founded with others the Imperial Bank^ 
Limited. Mr. Murdoch finally retired from active busi- 
ness and died in London November 4th. 1866. In his 
will he remembered several worthy charities in Halifax: 
the Deaf and Dumb Institute, the Blind Asylum, the 
Dispensary, with one thousand pounds to the North 
British Society. He left a large sum of money to 
relatives and charity, his estate being valued at £480,000 
sterling, or nearly $2,500,000. 




This was a most interesting year with the Society. 
The records show that the meetings were well attended, 
and much life is apparent from the lively discussions 
which took place. The Committee of Charity expended 
over £120, and the wreck of the ship "Omega" on the 
coast, with many Scotchmen on board, demanded atten- 
tion, which was cheerfully given in forwarding them to 
their destination. 

The following gentlemen were elected ordinary mem- 
bers : 

John Watson, • Wm. Stewart, 

R. W. Fraser, Geo. Buist, 

A\'m. M. Campbell, Charles McQueen, 
John Costley, John W'ier, 

Andrew AlcXab, Thos. McKie, 

\\'m. Finlay, G. A. Flowers, 

David C. Xoble, ' James \A alters, 
Jas. Romans. 

Major Robertson, 82nd Regt., and H. Cameron, Pictou, 
were elected Honorary Members, and Chas. :\Iur(loch 
was added to the Perpetual List, he paying the usual fee 
of £10. 

Among the names added to the Roll this year, we must 
note that of George Buist, who ever distinguished him- 
self as an earnest and active member. 

The Annual Picnic of the North British and Highland 
Societies took place this year at Prince's Lodge, and 
was attended by a larsfe number of members and guests. 
It was a grand afifair, and reflected great honor on the 
Committee who had charge, and who carried out the 
arrangements so successfully. 

The Banner incident, which attracted considerable 
attention at the ^time, occurred on the return of the 


Society and its guests from Prince's Lodge. In 1848 
there was considerable excitemnt in our City in regard 
to the political aspect of affairs in the Old Country-, a 
part of the Kingdom was in revolt, and the sympathies 
of a portion of our town's-people were greatly aroused. 
One of the Societ's new Banners, the Scottish Standard, 
in which '" Old Scotia's Lion Ramped in Gold" had excited 
the notice of a number of citizens in the South End of 
the City, who had been told that it was an Orange Ban- 
ner, and also believing that all Scotchmen in the pro- 
cession were Oi^angemen. determined to seize and destroy 
it, if it were paraded in a procession on the return of this 
Society from the picnic that evening. The rumor of this 
design reached the Prince's Lodge during the afternoon, 
and an informal meeting of the members was at once 
called. Hon. William Young was chosen Chairman, 
\vhen it was unanimously decided to give them a chance 
to try it, the Chairman asking permission to carry the 
Banner. Everything connected with the picnic went on 
successfully as usual, and in the evening the company 
returned to the City by the steamboat and landed at the 
Queen's Wharf. The Banner was carried by John A\'eir, 
a stalwart Scot well known subsequently as in charge of 
the W^ater Service. It was supported by the leading 
Scotchmen of our City : the Youngs, the ^lurdochs, the 
AA illiams. the ^lurrays. the members of the Curling 
Clubs and others of our leading citizens. Besides the 
members of the two Societies, there were many friends 
in the dense crowd which had assembled and lined the 
streets through which the procession was expected to 
pass to Masonic Hall, where it would disperse. Among 
these friends was the entire company of Sappers and 
Miners, now called Royal Engineers — Scotch to a man, 
with Sergt.-Major Black in charge. These gently but 
firmly kept the ground about the banner and left little 
chance for an onslaught from the crowd. Immediately 
the procession began moving, the herd began to hiss 


and howl, and on reaching' Harrington Street at corner 
of George to go South, a leader among the crowd of 
objectors endeavored to seize the Banner, yelling: " I 
make deman dat dat Aringe Flag wid de Red English 
Bull in de middle of it, be pul'd down at wance." He 
was at once seized by Garret Cotter and three other 
constables, who collared him and walked him back to 
the sidewalk, and then the fun got fast and furious. A 
storm of yells from the angry ruffians continued until 
the procession and flag reached Alasonic Hall, when after 
safely storing the Banner the Society went back to the 
steamer for the ladies, who stayed on board the boat 
until the members had accomplished the safety of the 
now celebrated colors. 

In many ways it was a regrettable incident ; the dense 
ignorance and blind credulity of those objecting to the 
National Banner being displayed on the anniversary of 
Bannockburn could not be paralleled, we believe, in any 
other portion of the British Empire. 

At the November meeting John Johnston, Esq., pre- 
sented to the Society a Snufif ^NIull, formerly belonging 
to the St. Andrew's Society of Augusta, Georgia, U.S., 
when a British Colony, which elicited a vote of thanks 
for this interesting memento of a former generation ; 
and on motion a silver plate was ordered to be affixed 
thereto, with the particulars engraved. 

The following w-ere chosen office-bearers for 1849: 

Hon. A\'m. Young, President; 
John ]\IcDougall. Vice-President; 
George Esson, Senr. Jlce-President; 
John Strachan, Jiinr. Jlce-President; 
John Watt, T^-easurer; 
WvTL. Grant, Jr., Secretary; 
Samuel Xoble, Asst. Sceretarv; 



John Gibson, 

Maurice Mcllreith, 

Jas. Findlay. 

John Richardson. 

\\^m. Grant, Senr., 

Jas. \Mniamson, 

Geo. Anderson, 

Geo. Webster, 

Rev. John Scott, 

Re\'. John IMartin, 

W'm. Grant, Senr.. Marshal; 

James Fraser. Messenger. 



I Coiiiiiiiffee for Collect in g 
Biek Dues. 

C!ia plains: 

The celebration of the festival ^vas left with the office- 
bearers elect, and took place on the 30th Xovember, at 
Masonic Hall, on which occasion His Excellency the 
Lieutenant-Governor, Sir John Har\'ey and suite dined 
with the Society. This celebration was not behind any 
which had occurred heretofore, the assemblage of mem- 
bers and guests included many of our leading citizens. 
The chair was occupied by the Hon. \^'m. Young, wdio 
well discharged his duties, and wdiose exertions in enter- 
taining the company were well seconded by John 
McDougall, A'ice-President. The table reflected credit 
on Hesslein. and the speeches by several talented gentle- 
men were the most eloquent ever listened to in Masonic 
Hall. The Band of the 23rd Fusiliers provided the 


This year, under the able Presidency of Hon. W. 
Young, the Society flourished satisfactorily. The Quar- 
terly meetings were all fullv attended and made interest- 
ing by the office-bearers. Thirteen members were added 
to the Roll. viz. : 


[First portrait] 


John Kandick, W'm. Fraser, 

John McLeod, Jas. Rhind, Jr., 

Andrew Barton, Bryce Gray, 
Rev. Alex. Forrester, Tristram Halliday, 

Robt. Munro, W'm. Penny, 

Geo. Ross, W'm. Smith, 

and Murdoch Smith and Geo. A. Currie were elected 

Honorary Members. 

John Esson became a Perpetual ^Member by makinsy 
the usual donation of £10. Over £100 was expended 
in charitv by the Committee, wdio distributed that 
amount to numerous applicants. The Society assisted 
in the celebration of the centenary anniversary of the 
settlement of Halifax, on June 8th, which came ofif with 
all the ceremonial splendor, pomp and rejoicing which 
might have been expected on such an occasion ; the 
Society made a most magnificent appearance in the pro- 
cession to Government House to present the address for 
transmission to Her Majesty, the members having turned 
out in numbers to honor the occasion. W^m. Grant, 
Senr., the Marshal of the Society, was appointed Grand 
Marshal of the Procession of Societies, and well dis- 
charged the duties of his office. The gorgeous Baton 
of Office used on that occasion he presented to the 
Society, for which he received the unanimous thanks of 
the members, who decided, in order to preserve such 
an interesting relic of the anniversary, to deposit it with 
Mr. Grant's letter in the Aluseum of the Mechanics" 
Institute, Dalhousie College, and a silver plate with a 
suitable inscription engraved thereon, was affixed at the 
expense of the Society. The inscription read as follows : 


Centenary Celebration, June 8th, 1849, 


Grand Marslial. 


The Baton was presented by the office-bearers to the 
Mechanics' Institute for depositing in their ]\Iusenm, 
which they received, and which eHcited the following 
reply from the President, Dr. D. ]\IcXeil Parker: 
"To the President and Office-Bearers of the North 
British Society : 

" Permit me, on behalf of the Committee and members 
of the Halifax Mechanics' Institute, to tender 3-ou my 
best thanks for the handsome addition you have made 
to their Museum, by presenting it with the Baton of 
the first centenary Grand ^larshal, W'm. Grant, used 
officially by that gentleman on the 8th June, 1849. 

" Rest assured that the gift will be appreciated and 
valued, not only on account of the connection it had with 
the celebration of that important day, but also because 
it will be regarded as an evidence of the kindly feeling 
entertained by your Society towards one of the earliest 
Literary Institutions established in a Colony bearing the 
name of your fatherland. Personally it will afford me 
much gratification to place the elegant Baton in the Insti- 
tute Museum for safe keeping, where doubtless it will be 
a subject of admiration to visitors of the present day, but 
more so from the association it will naturally suggest 
to those who in after years may view it .as an interesting 
relic connected with the history of Xova Scotia's capital." 

At the Annual Meeting, after considerable business 
had been disposed of, the Society proceeded to elect 
office-bearers, viz.: 

John McDougall. President: 

Geo. McKenzie. J'icc-Prcsidcnt: 

John Gibson, Scnr. Assf. J'icc-Prcsidciif; 

Geo. P. Mitchell, Jiiiir. Asst. Jlcc-Prcsidcnt; 

A\'m. Grant. Jr.. Secretary: 

Samuel Xoble, Asst. Secretary; 

Wm. Grant, Marsha!; 


Maurice Mcllreith, 
John Richardson, 
Archibald Sinclair, 
Jas. Findley, 
Wm. Grant, Sr., 
Geo. Anderson, ^ 




Geo. Webster, - Bach Dues. 

Jas. \\'illiamson, ,' 
Rev. John Martin, ) 
Rev. John Scott, / 
James Fraser, Messenger. 

A vote of thanks was then passed to the Hon. Wm. 
Young for the thorough manner in which he had con- 
ducted the business during the past year, which vote was 
acknowledged in a most eloquent and feeling reply from 
that gentleman. 

The time-honored festival of St. Andrew, the Patron 
Saint, was duly celebrated on November 30th. Over 100 
members and guests sat down at Masonic Hall to one 
of the most sumptuous entef-tainments ever prepared in 
Halifax. The splendid Band of the 38th Regiment, 
under the direction of their talented master, Ferrugia, 
attended and added to the enjoyment of the evening by 
a magnificent programme of Scottish music. The 
Colonel of the 38th Regiment, Sir John Campbell, Bart., 
a Scotsman, afterwards killed in the Crimea while lead- 
ing his regiment at the Alma, was one of the public 
guests, and enjoyed the company of his fellow Scotsmen, 
and responded to one of the toasts. Seventeen regular 
toasts were given, besides many volunteer ones, and the 
arrangements of the evening spoke well for the Chair- 
man, John McDougall, Esq., and George McKenzie, who 
acted as Croupier. 

Biographical Notes — 1849. 

John McDougall, a leading- merchant who had a large 
business on Hollis Street, south of Buckingham Street ; 


a great favorite in the Society for many years, a good 
speaker, who was often chosen Chairman of pubHc meet- 
ings and gatherings. 

Rev. Alex. Forrester, D.D., a most eminent member, 
for several years was a constant attendant at the 
meetings of the Society. His splendid geniality shone 
brightly among his countrymen on such occasions, a 
ready and witty speaker, brimful of enthusiastic Scot- 
tish humor, a patriotic and strong-minded man, he com- 
manded the respect and esteem of his fellow workers in 
our Institution. He devoted the grand energies of a 
fervent enthusiasm, and the powers of a vigorous and 
cultivated mind, to the cause of popular education, and 
amidst much contention and many difficulties fought the 
good fight, and prepared the country for accepting in 
the Free School System the richest and most productive 
gift that could be conferred upon the people of the 

Dr. Forrester was born in Scotland in 1805, and edu- 
cated at the University of Edinburgh. He was licensed 
in 183 1, and ordained in 1835. His first charge was the 
parish of Sorbie, in Wigtonshire, where he remained 
until the disruption of the Free Church from the Estab- 
lishment in 1843. Dr. Forrester engaged heart and soul 
in the movement, and was the only member of his Pres- 
bytery who did so. Shortly after this he was called to 
Paisley to the charge of the Free Middle Church of that 
city; there he remained four years until 1848, when he 
visited Nova Scotia as deputy from the Free Church. 
Here he remained, and took charge of St. John's Church, 

In 1855 the deep interest he had taken in the subject 
of education in Nova Scotia was recognized, and he was 
appointed Superintendent of Education and Principal 
of the Normal School. As Superintendent he visited 




every section of the Province, and b} his lectures infused 
a portion of his own enthusiasm into the pubHc mind. 
In 1863 he visited Europe, and in 1863 the Principalship 
of the Normal School, by his advice, was separated from 
the Superintendency of Education, and as Principal of 
the Normal School Dr. Forrester devoted himself with 
renewed energy to the work. After a most successful 
career he died in 1869 in his 64th year. His energy, 
earnestness and devotion to the cause of Education will 
be long remembered by the people of Nova Scotia. A 
very suitable monument to his memory is placed in front 
of the Normal School, Truro, showing in one of its faces 
a good likeness of Dr. Forrester in the latter years of his 
life with the motto: " Vir honestus insignisque." 


The four quarterly meetings were held as usual at 
Masonic Hall, and under the direction of such popular 
office-bearers, the Society kept to the front. A large 
amount was disbursed by the Charity Committee to 
worthy applicants, and great interest was taken in the 
meetings. Four members were added to the Roll, viz. : 
Wm. Blythe, Duncan McMillan, 


Hugh Eraser, Wm. Finlay, 

Alex. Cameron, Robert Innes, 

Ronald Currie, Robert Waddell, 

were elected Honorary Members. 

A large amount of back dues was collected by the 
Committee during the year. 

Three hundred copies of the By-Laws were printed at 
an expense of £5. The following resolution was passed 
at the November meeting: 

" That when the interest money on Perpetual Mem- 
bers fees shall exceed the sum of £50, the surplus shall 


be applied to the general charitable purposes of the 

On examining the records of the year, we find that 
such a drain on the Society's funds had been made by 
continued allowance to old pensioners, that but a small 
amount was available for occasional distress, the real 
object of the Society's charity. Long discussions en- 
sued on this vexed question, but they appear to have 
been of no effect, the pensioners being still retained, they 
being principally widows of former members. 

At the Xovember meeting the following gentlemen 
were elected to rule the Society for 185 1 : 

George McKenzie, Prcsidoif; 

John Strachan, J'icc-Prcsidcii^: 

Geo. P. Mitchell. Sciir. Asst. J'icc-Prcsidcnt; 

Donald Murray, Jiiiir. Asst. Jlcc-Prcsidcnt; 

John A\'att, Trcosiiirr: 

W'm. Grant, Jr., Secretary: 

Thos. A\'. McKie, Asst. Secretary; 

Alex. Sinclair, 

John Brander, 

Wm. Finlay, ^ Coiuiiiittce of Charity; 

Robt. Boak. Jr., | 

John Alcllreith, ^ 

Wm. Grant, St., Marshal; 

Jas. Reid, , 

k. J. Mills, '. Back Dues. 

Danl. Thom, I 

Jas. Reid, Messenger. 

A vote of thanks was passed to the retiring office- 

The Society celebrated the Festival by dining to- 
gether at the Masonic Hall. About one hundred sat 
down to table. Geo. McKenzie. Esq., occupied the 
Chair, and proposed about twenty toasts. John Strachan. 




Esq., ablv assisted. Many elocjuent responses were elici- 
ted from members and guests, and the company finally 
separated among- the sma' hours, delighted with the 
entertainment and their entertainers. 

Biographical Note — 1850. 

Geo. ]\IcKenzie, a native of Banffshire, Scotland, a 
good citizen of Halifax, and a man of cultivated man- 
ners and education. He was a keen curler, President of 
the Highland Society of Xova Scotia, and one of the 
greatest favorites of the Xorth British Society. He 
was an all-round good man in business pursuits and 
social life, and at all times enjoyed the confidence and 
esteem of his fellow countrymen. Born 1807; died 1867. 

AX'illiam Grant, Sr,, joined the Society in 1828, and 
then onward for half a century was a most important 
factor in our Institution. He served in every office 
requiring good, patient work, with zeal and success. 
Was Marshal for many years, and w^as looked up to for 
advice at all times in regard to the former history and 
working of the Society. He was a grandson of George 
Grant, who joined the Society in 1782, and had other 
connections who in several generations were loyal adher- 
ents of our charitable guild. After a long and useful life 
he died, greatly regretted. His son William, for many 
years a leading member, is now the Father of the Society. 


The meetings were held as usual at Masonic Hall, and 
appear to have been all well attended. Over £80 w^as 
expended by the Committee of Charity, and the follow- 
ing were admitted ordinary members : 
James Riddell, James Watt, 

Alex. J. Nairn, (jeorge Gordon, 

David Sterling, Jas. W. Shirras, 

Alex. Fraser. 


And the following were unanimously elected Honorary 

Members : 

Dr. Reid. H.M.S. "Cumberland"; 

Quarter-Master McPherson, 

Duncan Waddell, 

\\n\. Beverly, and 

David Rugg". 
George P. Mitchell was added to the roll of Perpetual 
Members, paying the usual fee of £io. 

During the summer a picnic, under the Banners of the 
North British and Highland Societies, was held at the 
Prince's Lodge. The procession to the boat which con- 
veyed the party to the grounds, was a most brilliant one, 
and its arrangement reflected great credit on the Marshal, 
A\'m. Grant. The picnic was most successful, and noth- 
ing occurred to mar the pleasure of a most beautiful 
day, with which the occasion was favored. 

At the November meeting an interesting report from 
the Committee of Charity was presented by the Chair- 
man, Archibald Sinclair, showing that several ship- 
wrecked mariners had been forwarded to Scotland, and 
much distress alleviated. 

The following were elected office-bearers for the ensu- 
ing year : 

John Strachan, President; 

Donald Murray, Jlce-Presidenf; 

Alex. Bain, ( , , t- a -j , 

,„ „ , ,, r Asst. I lee-P residents; 
Wm. Campbell, ) 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

T. W. McKie, Seeretary; 

Errol B. Boyd, Asst. Seeretary; 

Archibald Sinclair^ 

Robt. Boak, Jr., 

John McKay, }■ Committee of Charity; 

John Grant, 

John Brander, 

\\'m. Grant, Marshal; 

Rev. John Scott, "i „, , . 
^ \ , ^r ■ - Chaplains. 
Rev. lohn Martm, ) 



The Festival was celebrated on the 30th Xovember 
by the annual dinner. A large and influential company 
sat down to a splendid table prepared by Hesslein. At 
9 o'clock the President rose and said : " This Society has 
been requested to join in a Toast with their brethren in 
nearly all the principal cities in the United States and 
sister Colonies, which is embodied in a despatch just now 
received from New York, ' Brother Scots, our hands we 
cannot, but here's our hearts.' " It is needless to say 
the sentiment was drunk with enthusiasm. Speeches 
were delivered during the evening by Hon. Wm. Young, 
Col. Hillyer, Revs. John Martin and Hichbourne, and by 
the guest of the evening, Major Cumberland, command- 
ing the 42nd Royal Highlanders, the splendid band of 
which Regiment was stationed in the Orchestra. About 
twenty regular toasts were given from the Chair, and the 
company separated shortly after twelve, well satisfied 
with the evening's entertainment. 

Biographical Notes — 1851. 

Tohn Strachan was a native of Aberdeen. Members of 
his family were in Halifax at the very commencement 
of its history, and were popular members of the Society 
back as early as I'^So. Mr. Strachan was a prominent 
merchant in Halifax for many years, and was also a 
great favorite in our Society. He was a good speaker 
and most excellent Chairman, and held the Society well 
together while in the Chair. 


The Society met at Masonic Hall, and but little of 
interest is recorded. The number of applicants for relief 
was unusuallv small, and not more than £60 was applied 


to the charitable objects of the Society. During the year 
James Hunter, W^m. Rhincl, 

John McCulloch, Patrick Graham, 

James Thomson, 
were added to the Roll of ordinary members, and David 
Patterson was added to the Honorary List. A donation 
of £7 los. was made this year by the Band and Pipers 
of the 42nd Highlanders toward the Charity Fund of the 
Society, to which a suitable acknowledgment was made 
by the President, through Major Cumberland, command- 
ing the Regiment. A Highland Bonnet was also pre- 
sented by the President to the Society for the use of the 
Piper, for which he received a vote of thanks. 

At the November meeting the following office-bearers 
were elected : 

Donald Murray, President; ■ 

Wm. Grant, J'icc-Prcsidcnt; 

Wm. M. Campbell, ^ , ,.. „ ., 

T , T^ ,, • '-isst. I icc-r residents: 

John Doull, j 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

John A. Sinclair, Secretary; 

David Ross, Assf. Secretary; 

Arch. Sinclair, 

John Richardson 

Wm. McKay, 

John Grant, 

John Mcllreith, 

Wm. Grant, Marshal; 

Rev. John Martin, i 

o T c 4-^ , Chaplains; 

Rev. J. Scott, ) ' 

Wm. Grant, \ ^ -^^ s /- //,^*;„^ 

Committee for Collecting 

Wm. McKay, - o , n . 

-^ Back Dues. 

Errol Boyd, ,' 

The Society dispensed this year with the usual expen- 
sive and formal dinner, and supped sociably together on 
the 30th November. A numerous party sat down at 
Masonic Hall to a sumptuous entertainment, got up in 
Hesslien's best stvle. Donald :\Iurray, the President, 

Committee cf Charit\; 



]:)i-csi(le(l, ably assisted by William Grant, Seiir., John 
Doull and W. M. Campbell, Assistant Vice-Presidents. 
There were only two regular toasts given, St. Andrew 
and the Queen, but a variety of volunteer toasts followed. 
Songs and good fellowship helped to speed along the 
time until the wee sma- hours surprised the merry- 
makers in the height of their hilarity, and shortly after 
the inspiring notes of the Pibroch sounded what they 
never do in battle — a retreat. Altogether this social sup- 
per was a most pleasing re-union, and one of its best 
features was that the old maxim was kept steadily in 
view by all present: 

" Be merrv and wise." 

Biographical Notes — 1852. 

Donald Murray, a native of Dorjioch, Sutherlandshire, 
born in 1810. a good citizen of Halifa'x, a prominent 
merchant, and ever foremost in all good works. His 
many good qualities, his genuine integrity and good will, 
made him generallv esteemed as a splendid representa- 
tive of his country. He was President of the Highland 
Society of Xova Scotia, a most enthusiastic curler, a 
grand speaker, and an honest man. His memory will 
be for years revered by our Society, of which he was a 
most genial President. Mr. Murray died in 1874. 


Tiie meetings were held at the usual place, and were 
all attended by a large number of members. About 
£ 100 was disbursed in charity, and the following gentle- 
men were admitted ordinary members : 

William Murray, William Miller, 
Rev. G. \\'. Sprott, John Laidlaw, 


x\lex. Henderson, James Findlay, 
John Sinclair, Alexander Fraser, 

Wm. Farquharson, William Wilson, 
Alexander McKay, George Inness, 
Duncan McQueen, James Irons, 
John C. Drummond, Alexander McDonald, 
And the Right Hon. the Earl of Ellesmere, 
Capt. James A. Gore, 71st Regt. ; 
Alexander Scott, Glasgow ; 
John Cameron, 
were elected Honorary Members, and 

John Watt and John McKay 
were added to the Perpetual List, they making the usual 
payment of £ 10. 

An application was made to the City Council for a 
Lot of ground in the Cemetery for the Society, when the 
following communication was received at the August 
meeting from the Council : 

Halifax, i8th July, 1853. 

Sir, — In answer to your application for the use of a 
certain portion of the Cemetery for the Xorth British 
Society, I beg leave to state that the same was referred 
to His Honor the Recorder for his opinion, and that 
opinion having been submitted to the City Council on 
Friday last, the accompanying resolution was passed. 

I have the honor to be. 
Yours. &c., 

James S. Clarke, 

City Clerk. 
To Donald Murray Esq., 

President North British Society. 

Resolved: That a portion of thirty feet of that part 
of the public Cemetery marked " Strangers' Burial 
Ground " in the plan, be sold to the Xorth British 
Society for the sum of £2 15s. currency, the particular 
situation to be arranged by the Cemetery Committee, the 
deed to be in the name of such persons as the Society 


may appoint and entrust for the exclusive burial of such 
persons and strangers as the Society may bury at their 


James S. Clarke, 

City Clerk. 

William McKay and John Watt were appointed 
Trustees to hold the Deed for the Society, but at a 
special meeting called soon after, this motion was 
rescinded and the President and his successors appointed 
Trustees for the Society. 

The President made a donation to the Society of the 
amount of the Lots, for which he received the unanimous 
thanks of the members. The following gentlemen were 
appointed a Committee to procure subscriptions from 
members for the purpose of enclosing the ground with 
a suitable rail and putting it in order: 

Geo. Essex, 
Geo. McKenzie, 
John Munro. 

A most interesting meeting was held in November, 
and after the transaction of a large amount of business, 
the following office-bearers were elected for 1854: 

Andrew MacKinlay, President; 

Charles W. Dickson, Vice-President; 

Wm. Grant, Jr., ) 1 . t- d j * 
' ■> ' '. Asst. I ice-Presidents; 

W. M. Campbell, ) 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

John A. Sinclair, Secretary; 

John McCulloch. Asst. Secretary; 

Arch. Sinclair. \ 

John Richardson, I Committee 

W. A. Hesson, V of 

John Munro, | Charity. 

Alex. McDonald, J 

Wm. Grant, Marshal; 

Rev. John Martin, j Chaplains. 

Rev. Tohn Scott, \ 


The 30th Xovember was observed as usual by the 
dinner at Masonic Hall. A large number of the Society 
attended, and the celebration passed off happily. 

Biographical Note — 1853, 

Andrew MacKinlay, a native of Stirlingshire, Scot- 
land, was born in 1800, came to Halifax at an early age, 
and with his brother William engaged in the stationery 
business, gradually building up a most extensive and 
lucrative trade. Mr. MacKinlay was. during a long life, 
quite a literary leader in our city, and took a most active 
interest in all pertaining to the welfare of the Province. 
His wisdom and jvidgment were greatly esteemed, and 
as a Chairman of a public meeting he was unrivalled in 
his management of matters and timely suggestions for 
facilitating business. He was Custos of Halifax Co. for 
many years, served as Mayor, and filled many other posi- 
tions of trust and importance. Mr. MacKinlay joined 
the Society in 1829. was elected President in 1854 and 
was a constant attendant during a long life at the Quar- 
terly meetings, at which he was a favorite speaker. 
After a most useful life he died greatly regretted in 1867, 
aged 67 years. 


Under the guidance of such an able and popular Presi- 
dent as Andrew MacKinlay, the Society increased in 
numbers and usefulness : about £90 was disbursed in 
charity, and among the number relieved the names ot 
four members occur, who had long contributed to the 
charitable purposes of the Society. The meetings were 




largely attended, and the following gentlemen signed 

the Roll of ordinary members : 

Jas. J. Bremner, Jas. Wilson. Jr., 

Peter Jack, Charles Lyle, 

Chas. H. Sinclair, John A. Johnston, 

James Parker, Donald Fraser, 

W. S. Forman, Robt. Spiers, 

\\'m. Currie. James \\ allace, 

\\'m. Sutherland, W. A. Grant, 


John Christie. Cape Breton, and 

Capt. James Griffin 
were unanimously elected honorary members. In con- 
sequence of several amendments being suggested in the 
report of the Committee of Charity, the following gentle- 
men were appointed to examine and revise the rules and 
by-laws previous to publication, and report during the 
incoming vear. 

Arch. Sinclair, John Alunro, 

James Watt, Adam Reid, 

John Loudon Watt. 

At the annual meeting in Xovember, wdiich was at- 
tended by about eighty members, the Society elected the 
following office-bearers for 1855 • 

C. \\'. Dickson. President: 

Geo. Buist, J'icc-President: 

John A. Sinclair. Sciir. Asst. J'icc-President; 

John Doull, /;/;/;-. Asst. J'icc-President ; 

John Watt, Treasurer: 

John McCulloch, Secretary: 

James Parker, --i.s-.sY. Secretary: 

Archibald Sinclair, \ 

Alexander IMcDonald, I Committee 

W. A. Hesson, \ of 

Adam Reid. I Charity. 

J. R. Stewart. / 

Rev. John Scott, ) Chaplains; 

Rev. John Alartin, ) 

Wm. Grant, Senr., Marshal: 

James Reid, Messenger. 


The festival was not forgotten on the 30th of Nov. 
About one hundred sat down, the chair being ably filled 
by C. W. Dickson, with Geo. Buist as Vice. The splendid 
band of the 76th Regiment occupied the orchestra and 
gave one of the best sustained concerts ever listened to 
in Halifax. Over twentv toasts were drank. Among 
them we notice the memory of Jas. Forman, Senr., given 
by Mr. MacKinlay, who passed a high eulogium on the 
deceased, declaring that Mr. Forman had not left behind 
him a warmer-hearted man, or a better sample of his 
countrymen. The company separated early next morn- 
ing, all having gone on happily and satisfactorily. 


The Society met as usual at Masonic Hall, and dur- 
ing the year the Committee of Charity distributed over 
£c;o. The following were admitted ordinary members: 
John S. Maclean, David Ross, 

R. J. Romans, Thomas Hume, 

James Blair, George McKie, 

James ]\Ionteith. 

A. Stevens and James Simpson were elected Honorary 

A communication was this vear received from Dr. 
Robb, of Fredericton, containing proposals for a union 
of all the Scottish Societies in the Colonies to draw in- 
struction and authority from a Head Association in Scot- 
land, or on this Continent, as might be agreed upon. The 
proposal was favorably received, and a Committee was 
appointed to examine into the matter, but from some 
cause the scheme, although a most laudable one. fell 



Not much of interest to note this year. At the annual 
meeting, the following gentlemen were elected office- 
bearers, viz. : 

George Buist, Prcsidoit; 

John Doull, Jlcc-Prcsidoif: 

Peter Ross, Sciir. Assf. Vice-President; 

Capt. John Taylor, Junr. Assi. llcc-Prcsidcnt; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

William Grant, Secretary; 

James Parker, Asst. Secretary; 

Archibald Sinclair, ^ 

John Strachan, 

Adam Reid. Committee of Charity. 

W. A. Hesson, 

J. R. Wilson, 

Wm. Grant, Senr., Marshal; 

Rev. John Scott, ) 

r) T u AT 4-- r Chaplains. 

Rev. John iXlartin, ) ' 

The anniversary was observed with all the- usual 

A large companv assembled at Mason Hall, which was 
beautifully decorated with appropriate devices m gas- 
light, bannei;s, evergreen, etc. The Table was one of 
Hesslein's best efforts, and the Chairman, George Buist, 
was ably assisted by John Doull. About twenty toasts 
were given from the chair, which together with volun- 
teer songs and sentiments, served to fill up the measure 
of mirth and enjoyment inseparable from the gatherings 
of the Society. 

Biographical Note — 1855. 

George Buist, born in Perthshire, Scotland, 1820, and 
educated there, came to Halifax in 1847 to fill the posi- 
tion of Manager of the newly organized Gas Works. For 
over .-^o years Mr. Buist was a most esteemed member of 
the Scottish community ot Halifax, a leader in all good 


works. Few residents of this City have hadi tht good 
fortune to secure, to so large an extent, the respect and 
confidence of their fellows as he held. Mr. Buist joined 
the Society in 1848. and at once took a leading position, 
which he held until his death. After filling various 
offices he was elected President in 1856, and conducted 
the business of the Society most successfully. ]\Ir. Buist 
was a most enthusiastic curler, a good singer, and a clear 
and incisive speaker. He died greatly regretted in May, 


The meetings were held at Masonic Hall. A large 
number of members attended, and over £100 was dis- 
bursed in charity. During the year the following gentle- 
men were enrolled ordinary members : — 

Jno. B. Campbell, John Watson, 

John P, Muir. George Alexander, 

A. K. MacKinlay, Tohn ^IcKenzie, 

Hugh Campbell. \Vm. F. Grant, 

John Fraser, Geo. ]\Iaclean, 

John Watson. W. B. Smellie, 

J. B. MacDonald, Thos. Annand, 

R. G. Haliburton, Robt. Fraser, 

Tohn C. McKenzie. 


Sergt.-Major John Campbell. 
Alexander Fraser, 
Captain Johnston, 
Duncan MacDonald, 
Donald D. Green, 
Alexander McPhee, 
were elected Honorary Members. 


At the May meetino^, £20 was unanimously voted to 
the widow and family of Captain Hugh Lyle, a late 
meml)er, formerly pilot of the Cunard Line of steamers, 
and latterly First Officer of the Collins' Steamship 
" Pacific," lost on her voyage between Liverpool and 
Xew York, on or about February ist, 1856. This was 
acknowledg-ed by Mrs. Lyle by note received at the 
November meeting. By the Report of the Committee 
of Charity, we notice that forty-eight persons were 
relieved during the year, several of the pensioner widows 
being of the number. 

The following gentlemen were elected office-bearers 
for 1857: 

John Doull. President; 

Peter Ross, Vice-President ; 

Capt. John Taylor, Senr. Asst. Vice-President; 

W'm. Annand, ///;;;-. Asst. Vice-President; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

Alexander Scott, Secretary; 

Wm. B. Smellie, Asst. Secretary; 

Arch. Sinclair, ^ 

Donald Murray, Committee 

W. A. Hesson, , of 

Adam Reid, Charity. 

Alex. McDonald,^ 

Chaplains — re-elected ; 

Marshal do. 

Wm. Grant, Senr., | Committee for Collecting 

Geo. McKenzie, 5^^^, /^,^„ 

John Richardson, 

The Festival was held at the ^Masonic Hall, and was 
the dinner of the season. Over one hundred sat down, 
and the whole arrangement reflected great credit on the 


During the year the Society lost one of its Banners. 
It was lent for the decoration of the Province Building 
on the occasion of the Ball given by the citizens to the 
62nd and 63rd Regiments, who arrived from the Crimea 
in June. It was taken from the building after the con- 
clusion of the Ball, or some time before the next morn- 
ing. Diligent search was made for it, but without suc- 

Biographical Note — 1856. 

John Doull. a leading dry-goods merchant of the City, 
a good citizen and a popular member of our Society. 
He v/as connected with almost every enterprise of im- 
portance in Halifax for a long number of years. At his 
death he was President of the Bank of Xova Scotia. He 
was one of the incorporators of the Society, and ever 
took a deep interest in its welfare. Mr. Doull was a 
native of Wick, Caithnesshire, Scotland, and came to 
Xova Scotia when only twelve years of age. At twenty 
he became a resident of Halifax, where he resided until 
his death, which took place in 1899 in his 76th 3'ear. 


This year the meetings were each attended by from 
eighty to om~ hundred members. Great interest was 
taken in the pioceediugs;. and the Committee of Charity 
disbursed £117 to sixty-two individuals. The following 
were added to the ordinary list during the vear: 

James Kerr. James Hunter^ 

Adam Burns. Peter Scott, 

Robert Bauld. Geo. Fraser, 

James Fraser, John ^Muir. 

.\nd the following were elected Honorary Members: 

Capt. J. C. Dalyrmple Hay. H.M.S. " Indus." 

David Johnston, 

John Blackie, 

Spencer Sutherland. 




A magnificent Hall was given by the Society on the 
loth February, which was attended by a large company, 
which inckuled the ehte of the city. One of the work- 
men, while engaged in decorating the room for the 
occasion, fell to the floor of Masonic Hall, and sustained 
serious injury. At the next Quarterly meeting the 
Society unanimously voted him ten pounds. 

The thanks of the Society were voted at the November 
meeting to the Committee of Charity for their services 
during the year, they having had many applications to 
inquire into and relieve. The following ofifice-beareps 
were elected at this meeting for the ensuing year: 

Peter Ross, President; 

Capt. John Taylor, Vice-President; 

Wm. Annand, Senr. Vice-President; 

Wm. Murray, Jnnr. Vice-President ; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

W. B. Smellie, Secretary; 

John B. Campbell, Asst. Secretary; 

Donald Murray, 

Geo. McKenzie, 

J. P. Muir, V Committee of Charity. 

John Brander, 1 

John Mcllreith, J 

Chaplains — re-elected. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated on the 30th 
November, by the usual dinner at Masonic Hall. About 
one hundred sat down to a capital table, and the toasts 
and sentiments were of the most enlivening and inspir- 
ing character. On the list we notice that the Scot's 
Society of Boston, that day celebrating their 200th anni- 
versary, was honored by being remembered on this 


Biographical Notes — 1857. 

John Mackintosh, who joined the Society in 1833, 
was born in Invernesshire in 1806, and came out to this 
country early in the century, and for a time was in the 
employ of his uncle, the Honorable James Fraser, 
whose record adorns the annals of the Society. John 
Mackintosh was a patriotic and loyal-hearted Scot, and 
he was widely known and universally esteemed and 
loved, not only by his fellow countrymen, but by all who 
knew him. No one ever found him otherwise than kind 
and liberal and ready to aid every good cause. He was 
a man of sterling integrity in all his relations of life, 
and with the firmness of a Scotchman he mingled the 
warm-heartedness of the Highlander, all combining to 
make him a true representative of the Scottish character. 

Mr. Mackintosh was for many years a leading mem- 
ber of the North British Society, with whose aims he 
was in full accord. When the disruption took place in 
the Kirk of Scotland in 1843, he espoused the cause of 
the " Free Kirk," and became one of the leaders of the 
movement, not only in Halifax, but with his pen and 
personal influence he forwarded the interests of the new 
Church all over the Province, especially in Cape 
Breton and in Pictou, where the Free Kirk had its 
greatest successes in Canada. His name was found on 
her, College Boards, her Publication Committees, her 
School Committees, and in every branch of the so-called 
secular work of tlie Church his influence was felt. As a 
friend to the students of the Free Church College who 
came from the Scottish farqilies of Cape Breton, his kind- 
ness and helpfulness were greatly appreciated, especially 
among those whose mother tongue was the pure Gaelic 
of their forefathers. Mr. Mackintosh died March i8th, 
1857, leaving a fragrant memory behind him, and best 
of all, leaving a good name to his children, who have 
taken their place in the business, political and social life 
of the communitv. 




Peter Ross, born at Halifax, 1820, son of Patrick Ross, 
a well-known merchant of the City, whose father, Alex. 
Ross, joined the Society in 1774, was for many years a 
most active member, having joined the Society in 1846. 
Served for a long period on Committee of Charity and 
in other ofifices, was one of the incorporators of the 
Society in 1856, and elected President 1808; became a 
Penpetual ^Member 1862. He will be long remembered 
for his active interest in the Society's advancement, and 
was the means of making large additions to the Roll of 


This year was an important one in the annals of the 
Society as much business was transacted and the meet- 
ings were well attended. 

At the Februarv meeting the Committee appointed to 
take steps towards incorporatiiig the Society reported, 
and the draft of act of incorporation prepared by Hon. 
Wm. Young, was unanimously approved of, and that 
gentleman requested to introduce the same into the 
Legislature during the session. This was done, and the 
Society was incorporated in the name of the office-bearers 
and members and their successors, under the Rules 
passed on November 7th, 1833. The Committee of 
Charity during the year distributed £117 to over forty 
applicants. The following were added to the Roll of 
members : 

Robert Penton, Jas S. Hutton, 

John Campbell, Wm. Fraser, 


David Hunter John Ross., 

Geo. Laing 
were unanimously elected Honorary Members. Three 
hundred copies of the Rules with names of members and 



list of office-bearers were printed, the most complete set 
that has yet been issued. During the year the question 
of the Banner lost in 1856 was brought up, when it was 
decided to replace it by private subscription. 

At the Xovember meeting the following office-bearers 
were elected to serve for the ensuing year : 
Capt. John Taylor, President; 
\\m. Annand, Vice- President; 
A\'m. Murray, Senr. Asst. J lee-President , 
Alex. Scott, Jiinr. Asst. Jlce-Preside)if; 
John ^^'att, Treasurer: 
John B. Campbell, Seerefary: 
Charles W. Dickson, Asst. Secretary; 
John ^vlcllreith. 
J. P. Muir, 
John Brander. 
John Bayne, 
Thos. Bayne, 
Rev. John Scott, ] 
Rev. John Martin, * 
W'm. Grant, Marshal: 
Jas. Reid, Messenger: 
D. Murray, 1 
Jas. Kerr, - 

J. J. Bremner, ' 

A vote of thanks was passed to the Secretaries, W. B. 
Smellie and J. B. Campbell, for their attention during 
the past year. 

Biographical Note — 1858. 

Coiiiinittee of Charity; 


Baek Dues. 

Capt. John Taylor was a native of IMontrose, Scotland, 
a good member of the Society, of urbane manner and 
splendid physique. The impression he made was that 
of a whole-souled and worthy Scotchman. He enjoyed 
much popularitv in the City for many years, and was 
ever alive to the interests of our Society. 




Under the guidance of such an able staff of officers 
as those elected to govern the Society for this year, the 
business was well attended to, and marked progress is 
perceptible in the affairs of the Institution. 

The looth anniversary of the natal day of Scotland's 
National Poet, was celebrated with all honor by the 
Society. Long looked for, the arrival of the day did 
not find the Society asleep. About half-past 2 p.m., the 
North British Society, joined by the Highland Society 
and by Scotchmen and their descendants, to the number 
of about three hundred, marched in procession from 
Masonic Hall to Temperance Hall, which was at once 
filled with about 1,600 persons. The Chair was filled 
bv Chief Justice Halliburton, a member of the Society, 
who introduced the Hon. Wm. Young, who delivered an 
oration which occupied an hour and a half in delivery, 
and was received throughout with very enthusiastic 
applause. At 6 p.m., the members and guests assembled 
at Mason Hall, and partook of a magnificent dinner, 
served up in Nichols' best style. The Hon. Wm. Young 
presided. On his right His Excellency the Earl of Mul- 
grave, on his left Col. Dick. Capt. J. Taylor filled the 
Vice Chair. Over twenty toasts were drunk with un- 
bounded enthusiasm by the company, which numbered 
about 300. At 10 o'clock the toasts of the evening were 
given by the Chairman, at which hour the Society had 
been requested to join with their countrymen engaged 
in celebrating the day in New York and elsewhere, in 
drinking to the following: "Kindred Associations 
throughout the world ; may they preserve the songs and 
disseminate the sentiments of Burns, till 
' Man to man the world o'er 
Shall brithers be and a' that.' " 
This was followed by speeches from the Earl of Mul- 
grave, Hon. J. W. Johnston, and other distinguished 


guests, and the company finally broke up at i a.m., after 
a most joyous dinner, thus completing the most success- 
ful celebration yet held in Halifax. The cost was large, 
but was partially defrayed by liberal subscriptions from 
members. Great credit is due to the office-bearers, but 
particularly to the Secretary, for the success which 
crowned the celebration. 

Over £130 was expended in charity by the Committee 
this year, and the following members acquired : 

Robert Aluirhead, George R. Anderson, 
Robert Gray, David Crawford, 

Jas. C. Mackintosh, Andrew W' allace, 
William Henry, Robt. Urquhart, 

William Miller, David Petrie, 

James Matheson, John McGregor, 

Wm. Murray. 

Geo. Esson, Hon. Stayley Brown. 

The thanks of the Society were passed to Wm. Cunard 
for his kindness in transmitting two poor Scotchmen to 
their native land at a reduced rate of passage, thereby 
greatly assisting the Committee of Charity in their duties. 
Over £113 was collected in dues from members present 
at the Quarterly Meetings, showing that they were all 
largely attended. 

At the November meeting the following were 
appointed office-bearers for i860: 

W. B. Smellie, President: 

John A. Sinclair, Vice-President; 

Jno. B. Campbell, Senr. Asst. l^ ice-President; 

George MacLean, Junr. Asst. Vice-President; 

John Watt, Treasnrer; 

Andrew K. MacKinlay, Secretary; 

James Wilson, Asst. Secretary; 


Thomas Bayne, 

John P. Muir, 

John Brander, y Comiiiiftcc of Charity; 

George Alexander, 

James Rhind, 

Rev. John Scott, i ^, , ■ 

^ V , ^r • r L ha plains: 

Rev. John Martin, j 

Wm. Grant, Marshal; 

James Reid, Messenger. 

The thanks of the Society were given to the Secretary 
for his services during the past year. 

The Festival was duly honored on the 30th November. 
The Society, with a large number of guests, dined 
together at the Masonic Hall. The Earl of Mulgrave 
and other distinguished persons were present, and it, 
like all its predecessors, passed off happily, and with 
honor to the Societv. 


The Quarterly meetings were well attended at the 
usual place, Masonic Hall. During the year about £65 
was disbursed in charity, there not being the usual num- 
ber of applicants. 

The following were elected, and signed the Roll of 
ordinary members : 

Henry W. Fish, John Davison, 

James Malcom, James Romans, 

Dr. W. H. Davies, John Drillio, 
Donald Ross, Dr. Cowie, 

Alexander McLeod, William Mason, 
J. AV. Fraser, 

and Malcolm AIcDougall, of Bras d'Or Lake, C.B., was 
elected an Honorary ^Member. 


The Society turned out in strength to Hne the streets 
on the landing of His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales, July 30th. At a special meeting, held previous 
to the occasion, a silk Union Jack was handed to the 
Society by James Kerr, the expense of which had been 
defrayed by private subscription. Mr. Kerr received the 
unanimous thanks of the Society for his exertions in 
providing this Banner. 

The Society received the thanks of J. C. Halliburton 
and family for the respect shown by the members on the 
occasion of the funeral of the late Chief Justice Halli- 
burton, an old and respected member, they having 
attended in large numbers to pay the last tribute of 
respect to the deceased. 

A letter having appeared in the Acadian Recorder of 
July 2 1 St, reflecting on the character of the President, 
who had lately been in difficulty with the Government 
in regard to matters connected with the Railway Depart- 
ment, led to the following resolution being passed by the 
Society at the August meeting. Moved by Capt. Taylor, 
seconded and passed unanimously, that 

U'hcrcas in a communication signed ' A North 
Britisher, published in the Acadian Recorder of the 21st 
ult., reflections have been cast upon the President and 
members of this Society, and JVhereas, the members of 
this Society feel it due to themselves as a body to refute 
the vile insinuations contained in that communication, 
Therefore Resolved, that this meeting express the indig- 
nation felt at the appearance of said letter, that the state- 
ments therein contained are false, and their belief that 
the writer thereof is not, or worthy to become, a member 
of this Society, and this meeting is happy to have an 
opportunity of expressing its high appreciation of the 
talents and character of their young and able President, 
and of proving the writer of the above-mentioned com- 


munication a vile slanderer, further Rcsolz'cd, that a copy 
of the foregoing be sent to the Acadian Recorder for pub- 

At the Annual Meeting the following office-bearers 
were elected for 1861 : 

John A. Sinclair, President; 

John B. Campbell, Vice-President; 

Geo. MacLean, Senr. Asst. J'ice-Presidott; 

James Thomson, Jiinr. Asst. Jlce-Presidcnt; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

Robt. Gray, Secretary: 

J. C. Mackintosh, Asst. Secretary; 

Geo. Alexander, j 

James Rhind, J Committee of Charity. 

James Hunter, 

James Kerr, 

Rev. John Scott, ] „, , . 

^ T , Ar • ( C ha Ma I lis; 

Rev. John Martin, ) 

W'm. Grant, Marslial; 

J as. Reid, Messenger. 

The Festival was celebrated by the usual dinner at 
Mason Hall. About eighty gentlemen present. Pre- 
sided over bv 

J. A. Sinclair, Chairman; 

J. B. Campbell, Vice-Chairman; 

The evening was spent happily by all present, and was 
in every way a pleasant re-union ; speeches, songs and 
sentiment occupied the time until the parting toast of 
" Our Next Merry Meeting " separated the company at 
about I a.m. 



Biographical Note — 1860. 

John A. Sinclair, born at Halifax. 1822, son of Archi- 
bald Sinclair, who filled the Chair in 1835. He was 
educated in Halifax, and was for many years a member 
of the firm of Alex McLeod & Co. ; Mayor of Halifax 
twice, and filled other imoortant positions. He joined 
the Society in 1845. ^"<^ after serving- as Secretary and 
other junior offices, was elected President. 1861. He was 
a man of pleasing personality, and a great favorite in 
the Society. 


But little of interest to record this year. The meet- 
ings were held at ^Masonic Hall, and about £100 were 
distributed by the Commitee of Charity. 

In August, a magnificent picnic, under the auspices 
of the Society, was held at Bedford, which was attended 
by an immense number of citizens. 

James Mackintosh.. Jas. S. Macdonald, 

were admitted ordinary members, and 

James Da^•y;. Alex. McDonald, 

were elected honorary members. 

At the annual meeting the Commitee of Charity 
brought in an interesting Report, in which they brought 
prominently forward the necessity of the large amount of 
back dues now accumulated on the books being col- 
lected. They recommended that some member of the 
Society be appointed collector, and receive a commission 
for the same. The report was received and adopted. 


Committee of Charity; 


At this meeting;, which was well attended, the following' 
were elected office-bearers for 1862: 

George McKenzie, President: 

Georg-e Alexander, J^iee-Prcsident; 

James Hunter. Senr. Asst. Viec-Presidciit; 

Dr. W. H. Davies, ///;/;-. Asst. Vice-President: 

John W^att. Treasurer: 

J. C. Mackintosh. Secretary: 

Jas. S. Macdonald, Asst. Secretary; 

Thomas Bavne, 

Dr. AV. H. Davies, 

James Rhind, 

James Kerr. 

John S. Alaclean, "* 

Rev. John Scott, ) „, , . 

-r. "t 1 ^r • r L ha plains: 

Rev. John :\rartin, ' ' 

AA'illiam Grant. Senr., Marshal; 

John Patterson. Messenger. 

The festival of St. Andrew was duly observed by the 
usual diner at Masonic Hall. George McKenzie, Presi- 
dent, in the Chair, Geo. Alexander, VicePresident. 
Owing to various causes the members did not attend in 
any great number. But the fact is that large set formal 
public dinners are not as much in unison with the feel- 
ing of the Society as in days gone by. And although the 
office-bearers who had charge of the Festival were all 
poular gentlemen, still the dinner was not by any means 
a success. 

Biographical Note — 1861. 

John Watt, one of our most useful and distinguished 
members, was born at BanfT in 1795. He came to Halifax 
in 1825 and opened out in business as a tobacconist on 
Bedford Row. He was afterwards joined by his brother 
James, and together they conducted a a most lucrative 


and extensive trade. Mr. Watt was ever a warm- 
hearted and genial Scotsman. He joined the Society in 
1829, worked faithfully on various Committees, and on 
resignation of Alex. Fiddes in 1836. was elected Trea- 
surer, an office he held until old age and infirmities in- 
duced him to resign in 1866. after a long term of thirty 
years" faithful service in that office. In 1853 he was 
elected a Perpetual Member, and died in i8qo. greatly 
regretted. At the time of his decease he had attained 
the position of being the Father of the Society. 


At the February meetins' a case without precedent in 
the annals of the Society occurred. Letters from George 
McKenzie and George Alexander, President and Vice- 
President of the Society, were read, tendering the resig- 
nation of their offices, on account of the members not 
giving them that support that was desirable in carrying 
out the arrangements of last Festival. This was the 
cause of great regret to the large meeting assembled, as 
these gentlemen had been unanimously elected to their 
offices. Considerable discussion ensued, when it was 
finall}' resolved and passed that their resignations be 
accepted. The Society then proceeded to elect members 
to fill their places, when James Thomson was unani- 
mously elected President, and John P. Muir \'ice-Presi- 
dent, for the remainder of the year. 

A special meeting was called in June, to consider the 
propriety of raising a sum of money to aid in erecting 
a monument to H.R.H. the late Prince Consort, a com- 
munication having been received from the Scottish Asso- 
ciation, also a printed circular letter from the Duke of 
Bucclough, on the same subject. After due consider- 
ation it was decided advisable not to open a subscrip- 


tion. it being' the opinion of the Society that any effort 
for such a purpose should be made with a view to the 
erection of a monument in Xova Scotia rather than in 

During the year tlie following (^rdinar}- members were 
admitted : 

E. M. Macdonald, John McDonald, 
W'm. Murray (2nd), John H. Johnston, 
John AfacKa}-. Alex. MacKenzie. 

Peter Ross became a Perpetual Afember bv the pay- 
ment of the usual fee of £ 10. 

At the Annual Meeting the Committee of Charity 
brought in their report to the effect that over £90 had 
been applied to the carrying out of the objects of the 
Institution. The following were elected office-bearers 
for 1863 : 

Dr. W. H. Davies. President: 

Geo. MacLean. J^icc-Prcsidcnt: 

Dr. Cowie, Soir. Asst. Vice-President: 

John Kerr, J\inr. Asst. Jlee-P resident : 

John Watt. Treasurer: 

las. S. Macdonald, Seeretary: 

Wm. Murra}', 2nd, Asst. Scerefarv: 

Wm. Grant, Senr., Marshal: 

Rev. John Martin. ] „, , . 

-T) T t o r <- I'ci Mains: 

Rev. John Scott. ' ' 

John S. McLean, 

Peter Ross, 

John Watson, [ Committee of CJiarity 

W. B. Smellie. 

A. Stephen, 

John Patterson, Messenger. 

The Festival was not forgotten. A social supper was 
held at the Halifax Hotel, which was well attended. 
Dr. \V. H. Davies, Chairman: 
Geo. ^^fcLean, Jlee-CJiairman. 


The usual patriotic and loyal toasts were drunk, and 
the company broke up at i p.m., well pleased with tha 
social manner in which the anniversary had been cele- 

Biographical Notes — 1862. 

John McDonald, a native of this Province, of Scotch 
descent ; born in 1840, came to this City at an early age, 
and for many years has been the practical and experi- 
enced head of the City Street and Water Department, 
in which he has given most satisfactory service. Mr. 
McDonald joined the Society in 1862, and for many 
years has been a valued and active Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Charity. His tact, modesty and attention has 
been of great service to the Committee, and his popu- 
larity with our members and his extensive acquaintance 
with the City, have made him perhaps better fitted for 
the position of an executive member for the oversight 
of the distribution of the Committee's funds than any 
former occupant of the office. 

Dr. A\'. H. Davies, for many years a leading practi- 
tioner in this City. In 1870 he left Halifax to reside in 


The place of meeting was changed this year from the 
Masonic Hall to the Halifax Hotel, as being more conve- 
nient for members, and in every way better adapted 
for the purpose ; about £ 100 was disbursed in charity, 
and the following admitted ordinary members : 

Robert Breckin, Xeil Wier, 

James Fraser, Henry Inglis, 

Geo. Porter, Donald Fraser, 



W . S. More, an ordinary nicuiher of the Society, was 
placed. I)v liis own re(|uest. on the Honorary hst. and 
Ja.s. l'"orman became a I'erpetnal Afember by the pay- 
ment of £ 10. 

( )n the I4tii ni April, a most enthnsiastic celebration 
was held in the City in honor of the Prince of Wales' 
marriag^e. A meeting' of the various societies was held 
and a Committee from each was drafted to prepare an 
address to deli\er to the I.ieutenant-Cjovernor. the Earl 
of Mulgrave. for transmission to their Royal Highnesses. 
The Committee met. when the Address prepared by the 
XoRTff British Society was unanimously adopted, and 
on the 14th inst. the National Societies, headed by the 
North British, marched in procession to Government 
House, where the Address, neatly engrossed and orna- 
mented on parchment was delivered to the Lietitenant 
Governor by the President, W. H. Davies. JNI.D. The 
Address adopted as before noticed, was ordered to be 
entered upon the records, and read as follows: 

''Coiit^rafiilafory Address presented bx the Xorfli British 
St. Geori'e's. Carpenters, and Charitable Irish Soeieties, 
to His Royal Hii^hness the Prinee of Jl'ales. on the occa- 
sion of his )iiarriai(e ivitli the Princess Alc.vandra of Den- 
mark. March lOth. 186^. delizrred for transmission to His 
Royal Hii^lmess on the day of celebration held April i^th. 
186^. at Halifax." 

Ma^' it please your Royal Highxes.s, — 

"■ We, the Presidents and Secretaries, on behalf of 
the North British. St. George's, Carpenters' and Char^i- 
table Irish Societies, approach your Royal Highness 
with our sincere congratulations on the occasion of your 
marriage with the Princess Alexandra of Denmark. 

'■ In common with Her Majesty's loyal subjects in 
this Her Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia, we have re- 
ceived with tnibounded satisfaction the tidings of your 
recent nu])tials. We sincerely hope that the event mav 


be crowned with every happiness, and that the Great 
Giver of all Good may vouchsafe to your Royal High- 
ness and your amiable Princess a long and unbroken 
career of conjugal felicity. 

" Recognizing in your Royal Highness the hope and 
stay of the Crown, this event so intimately connected 
with your future welfare, could not, on our part, be 
allowed to pass without some expression of heartfelt 
attachment to the Government under which we have the 
happiness to live, and we therefore beg to renew, in this 
address, our warm loyalty to your Royal Mother's person 
and family, and to assure 3-our Royal Highness that we 
continue to cherish that faithful adherence to the throne 
which has ever distinguished our colony. We hail the 
present joy, as the harbinger of that happiness which 
may be expected to characterise your life, and fervently 
hope that generations yet unborn may refer to this event, 
as a bright era in the annals of the British Empire." 

" Signed on behalf of the different Societies by the 
Presidents and Secretaries." 

At the Annual Meeting, the following were elected 
office-bearers for 1864: 

Capt. John Taylor, President; 

James Kerr, Vice-President; 

Geor*e Alexander, Seiir. Asst. Jlce-President; 

John Johnston, /;/;//-. Asst. Jlce-President; 

John Watt, Treasurer; 

James S. Macdonald, Secretary; 

Wm. Murray, Asst. Secretary; 

J. S. Mac Lean, \ 

Alexander Stephen, I 

Peter Ross, V Coininittee of Cliarity; 

Duncan Grant, I 

George Esson, -'^ 

Wm. Grant, Marshal; 

Rev. John Martin, ) ru^hi^;,,.. 

Rev. John Scott. I ' 

Alexander Stephen, | 

James Kerr, / Back Dues. 

John McDonald, ) 


A social supper was held on the anniversary of St. 
Andrew, at Halifax Hotel ; about fifty sat down. The 
table did credit to the host. Hesslein, and the evening 
was spent with great satisfaction by those present. Capt. 
John Taylor filled the Chair, with Geo. McKenzie as 
Vice. Several capital speeches were made, and many 
songs and sentiments given, and the company finally 
broke up at i p. m., all delighted with the social charac- 
ter of the entertainment. 


This year we notice the meetings were well attended, 
and were held at the Halifax Hotel. About £70 was 
disbursed by the Charity Committee, and the following 
were admitted Ordinary Members : 

Charles Graham, Hon. James McDonald, 

Hugh Murray, James Steinson, 

Adam McKay, Rev. George M. Grant, 

The Society, on April nth, the Tri-Centenary of the 
birth of Shakespeare, joined with the St. George's 
Society, by request, in the procession to Temperance 
Hall, where an oration was delivered by the Hon. Joseph 
Howe, on the genius of Shakespeare. The Society 
turned out well on this occasion, and were joined by 
the Scottish Volunteers and Caledonia Club, which 
helped to give the Scottish body a very creditable and 
brilliant appearance in the procession. 

At the Annual Meeting the death of the Rev. John 
Scott, for many years one of the Chaplains of the Society, 
was announced, and a motion of the Society's deep regret 


ordered to be recorded. The following office-bearers 
were elected for the ensuing year: 

John S. Maclean, President: 

John Johnston. J'iee-Presideiif; 

Alexander Stephen, Seiir. Assf. J'iee-President: 

John Tavlor. Jiiiir. Assf. J'iee-President: 

John Watt, Treasurer: 

James S. Macdonald, Seerefarx: 

Hugh Murray, Assf. Seeretary: 

Robert Breckin. Marslial: 

Rev. John Martin, CJiaplaiu: 

George McKenzie. a 

Alexander Stephen, '. Baek Dues; 

The Secretary, J 

Peter Ross, 

John S. McLean, 

George Buist. Committee of Charity; 

John Gibson, 

John Johnston, 

John Patterson, Messeui^er. 

The Festival was not observed this year by the Society, 
although many members joined with the Caledonia Club 
in a social supper on the 30th, at which the retiring Pre- 
sident, Capt. John Taylor, was Chairman. 

Biographical Note — 1864. 

John S. ^Maclean, a leading citizen, a prominent mer- 
chant and w'orthy member of our Society, was for many 
years in the front rank of our Committee of Charity. He 
was of excellent address, and was in every way a good 
reputable Scotchman. He held about every office of 
importance in several institutions, and was at his death 
President of the Bank of Xova Scotia, President of the 
\.M.C.A., and leader in other important organizations. 
He died in 1889 '" his 6ist year. 




Meetings held at Halifax Hotel during the year. The 
deaths of three most distinguished members was 
announced : 

Hon. Alex. Stewart, C.B., 
William Grant, Senr., 
Rev. John Martin. 
The Committee of Charity expended about £90 in 
relieving the widow pensioners of the Society and in for- 
warding several shipwrecked Scotchmen to their friends. 
John McDonald was elected an Ordinary Member, 
and John Drillio, an Ordinary Member, now resid- 
ing in Maitland, was placed on the Honorary List. 
A communication was received from Vice-Admiral 
Sir James Hope, K.C.B., enclosing a donation of 
£5 sterling, with a request that his name be 
added to the Roll of the Society, which was car- 
ried into effect at the February meeting, by his being 
unanimously elected an Honorary Member. At the May 
meeting the Rev. Geo. M. Grant, pastor of St. Matthew's, 
and Rev. W. .vlaxwell, pastor of Chalmers Church, were 
unanimously elected joint Chaplains, the offices having 
become vacant by the recent deaths of Rev. John ]ylartin 
and Rev. John Scott, who for a long term of years had 
been annually elected to these honorary positions by 
the Society. At the Annual Meeting in November the 
following office-bearers were elected for the ensuing 
year : 

John B. Campbell, President; 

Alex. Stephen, Vice-President; 

James C. Mackintosh, Senr. Asst. Viee-Presidcnt; 

James Scott, Junr. Asst. Vice-President; 

John \\'att. Treasurer; 

Hugh Murray, Secretary; 

James Steinson, Asst. Secretary; 

Robert Breckin, Marshal; 


Rev. Geo. M. Grant. ) ^, ., • 

-D A^^ Ar 11 ■ Chaplains; 

Rev. \\ m. Alaxwell, J 

Geo. Alexander, \ 

John S. Maclean, I 

George Buist, > Conniiittcc of Charity; 

George Esson, 1 

j. A. Sinclair. I 

Alexander Stephen, | 

George McKenzie, , Back Ditcs; 

Hugh Murray. I 

Peter Ross, \ 

John A. Sinclair, | 

George Buist, ^ Cemetery Commiitcc; 

John Gibson. 

J. H. Johnston, 

lohn Patterson, i „. 

> ripcrs. 

John McKenzie. ) 

fested but little interest in the observance of the Festival 
of St. Andrew, it was decided by the office-bearers that, 
to meet the wishes of the Society, the Annual Dinner 
would not be held this year as heretofore. 

Biographical Note — 1865. 

John P). Campbell was born in Glasgow. Scotland, in 
1830. came to Halifax in 1852. and after a term at Bank- 
ing, commenced in the West India Line with John S. 
Maclean, and for a number of years conducted a most 
lucrative business. Mr. Campbell was a most useful 
public man, and took a leading place in the ^lilitia 
Artillery of the City. He was Captain of the Halifax 
Artillery Company, and was one of the first to join the 
Scottish X'olunteers in 1859. ]\Ir. Campbell connected 
himself with the Society in 1856, and was elected to the 
Chair in 1866. His term of office was marked bv great 
enthusiasm in the aflfairs of the Institution. He died 
greatlv lamented in 1866. 




The records of this year possess more than common 
interest. The Society was the recipient of a large 
bequest. It acquired a large number of Ordinary and 
Perpetual Members, and it extended the hand of welcome 
as a Society to a body of Scottish immigrants. At its 
head was a gentleman who had been for many years 
a distinp^uished member. 

During the year the Committee of Charity disbursed 
the usual amount to applicants, and the following were 
elected Ordinary Members : 

Robt. T. Muir, James Maccoush, 

George McGregor, Benjamin A. Taylor, 
John Crook, Thos. S. Reid, 

And the following gentlemen became Perpetual Mem- 
bers by paying £10: 

John C. Halliburton, 
Robert W. Eraser, 
John B. Campbell, 
Alexander McLeod, 
Thomas Bayne, 
James Thomson, Barrister; 
William Esson, 
Alexander Anderson. 

It having been brought to the notice of the Society 
that a number of Scottish immigrants would arrive early 
in the summer by ship Dr. Kane, the President called a 
meeting of members to take the matter into consider- 
ation. A large number attended, and the following reso- 
lution passed imanimously : 

'' Resolved, That the President and office-bearers be 
requested to wait upon the Scottish immigrants now 
expected by the ship Dr. Kane on their arrival at this 
port, and on behalf of the Society to tender them a hearty 


welcome to Nova Scotia, and offer them any assistance 
or advice that they may require, and that the Society is 
capable of giving." 

On the arrival of the Dr. Kane,, the President and 
office-bearers waited upon the immigrants as directed, 
and the President, in the name of the Society, delivered 
the following welcome : 

" Fellow Countrymen, — Several members of the 
North British Society of Hahfax, having learned that 
a number of Scottish immigrants were expected to arrive 
here shortly, addressed a requisition to me, as President 
of the Society, to call a special meeting, for the purpose 
of ascertaining what could be done on your arrival to 
assure you that you would find friends on this side of the 
Atlantic. I have now much pleasure in reading to you 
the resolution unanimously adopted at that meeting. We, 
the office-bearers of the Society, have therefore, in 
accordance with that resolution, come to give you a 
hearty greeting to our shores. We are sure that you 
will not find yourselves entirely as strangers in a strange 
land, for nearly one-half of the population of this Pro- 
vince is Scottish or of Scottish descent ; and it is in no 
boasting spirit that we say that their wealth, social posi- 
tion and moral standing is at least in true proportion 
to their numbers. Those who have hitherto come from 
Scotland, brought with them the intelligence, energy and 
religious spirit that characterized their forefather^, and 
which has made every country glad to welcome them as 
citizens. We are sure that the same national virtues 
still animate all true Scotchmen, and in this country 
they produce material prospeijity as a necessary result. 
We have only to add that this resolution is no mere 
form, that you will find everywhere ' leal-hearted' friencTs 
and remunerative employment, and that should there be 
any necessitv for active assistance of any kind, the office- 
bearers of the North British Society will not be slow 
to render it." 


The immigrants were all found to be in comfortable 
circumstances, and were highly gratified at this mark of 
attention b}- the Society. 

At the Annual Meeting in November, which was 
attended by a large number of members, the following 
interesting communication was made by the President. 
That he had received a letter from Charlies Murdoch, 
Esq., addressed to him as President, informing him 
that the late \\'illiam Murdoch had bequeathed to the 
Society the sum of " one thousand Dounds," and that the 
mortgage for that amount would be handed to the 
Society, dated August 31st, 1856. The following extract 
from the Declaration of Trust was then read : 

Extract. — " Whereas William Murdoch, of I^ondon, 
Grpat Britain, but formerly of Halifax, merchant, in and 
by his last will and testament, directed his executors, or 
the survivors of them, to invest in real security by way 
of mortgage on Government- stock, of funds of Great 
Britain or Ireland, or the United States of America, the 
sum of one thousand pounds, and to assign and transfer 
the same to the office-bearers of the North British 
Society of Halifax, in order that the annual income 
thereof might be disposed of by the Committee of Charity 
to the poor, under the rules of the Society." 

(Signed) Charles Murdoch. 

To the office-bearers of the 

North British Society. 

The Societv, to show their appreciation of this magni- 
ficent bequest, appointed a Committe to prepare a minute 
for record, a copy of which was sent to the Executors', 
and which reads as follows ; 

"The North British Society had brought before its 
notice that a legacy of one thousand pounds had been 
left to it by the late William Murdoch, that the interest 
accruing therefrom might be available annually to sup- 
plement its funds and enable it the better to carry out 


its objects, hereby records its grateful acceptance of the 
same and its appreciation of the motives that prompted 
the generous donor. 

" They look upon this as an additional proof of the 
excellence of such a Society as the North British — of 
the hold it has upon Scotchmen who have resided in 
Halifax, and of the faithfulness with which its charities 
have been administered." 

\\'m. Murdoch was himself long a member, was once 
its President, and was thoroughly acquainted with its 
j)ractical working. The name of ^^'illiam Murdoch will 
therefore be long honoi^ed by the Society. At this meet- 
ing a letter from John Watt, Treasurer, was received 
tendering the resignation of his office in consequence of 
failing health. This was received with great regret by 
the Society, as Mr. A\'att had held the olifice for many 
years, with satisfaction to the Society. After the expres- 
sion of the same by many present, the following minute 
was ordered to be recorded : '' The Society having heard 
with much regret the intention of our worthy Treasurer, 
John Watt, to resign his office on account of failing 
health, in accepting his resignation, beg to tender their 
warmest thanks for his long and valuable services of 
twenty-nine years as Treasurer, and also their sincere 
sympathy with him in his present illness.'" 

During the year the Society's lots in the cemetery 
were enclosed with a handsome iron rail. A Committee 
had been appointed from year to year since 1853, for 
that purpose without efYect, and it was finally accom- 
plished by the exertions of John H. Tohnston, a member 
of the Committee last appointed. The work was approved 
of by the Society at the Annual Meeting, which decided 
to defray the cost, about £115, by devoting a portion of 
the accumulated interest in the Savings Bank, arising 
from the Perpetual Member^' fees. The vote was recon- 
sidered at a special meeting called for that purpose, but 



after ample discussion it was confirmed by a large 

At the Xovember meetino- the following office-bearers 
were elected for 1867: 

Alex. Stephen. President; 

James Hunter, Jlee-Presideiif; 

E. M. McDonald, Seiir. Assf. I "lee-P resident; 

Staff-Capt. Robt. Breckin. Juur. Asst. Viee-President; 

James J. Bremner, Treasurer; 

Hugh Murray. Seeretary; 

James Steinson, Asst. Seeretary; 

George Porter, Marshal; 

Rev. AV'm. Maxwell. Chaplain; 

John S. Maclean. \ 

John B. Campbell, I 

Rev. Geo. Grant, ^ Committee of Charity; 

George Alexander, 

George McKenzie/ 

John Patterson, ) „., 

•^ , Pipers; 

John McKenzie, ) 

John Patterson. Messeni:;er. 

At this meeting it was unanimously passed. " That 
any member being over sixty years of age. and a member 
of the Society for twenty years, be exempt from the pay- 
ment of dues." 

The Festival of St. Andrew was this year passed over 

Biographical Notes — 1866. 

Robt. W. Fraser, born in Xova Scotia, 1820, of Scottish 
parentage. Was in business in flour in this City 
for many years, and in 1852 was appointed Consul of the 
Ignited States for Halifax. He joined the Society in 
1848, and for over a half century was a most useful and 
loyal member. In 1866 he became a Perpetual Member, 
and died, to the great regret of the Society, in 1903, aged 
84 years. 


Rev. Charles ]\[acclonalcl was born at Pitslig-o. Scot- 
land, in 1828. Professor of Mathematics at Dalhousie 
College from 1863 to 1901. Joined the Xorth British 
Society in 1866. and for many years was an active mem- 
ber of the Institution. He was a man of charming 
personalitv. and his thorough Scottish character and 
pleasing address made him many friends among his 
countrymen. To the great regret of Halifax generally, 
he died in IQOI in his 73rd year. 

Alex. Stephen, a native of Rothes, Scotland ; for 
many years a foremost and favorite citizen of Halifax. 
He was long connected with our Society and will be 
remembered for his good work as member and Chairjiian 
of the Committee of Charity. He ever enjoyed the con- 
fidence and esteem of his brother members, and died 
greatly lamented in 1884. He was President in 1867 
and elected a Perpetual Member 1879. 


The meetings were all well attended, and held at the 
Halifax Hotel. A large amount was disbursed in charity, 
and the following became Ordinary Members: 
William A. ^klcLeod, James White, 
Angus McLeod, John Sutherland, 

Alexander McDonald. \\ illiam Johnson, 
John McXee, Robert Moyce, 

Simon D. Macdonald, Duncan Campbell. 
Hugh Munro, John A. Cirant, 

Douglas McLeod, Dr. Sutherland. 

Rev. Charles M. Grant. 
John Crerar was elected an Honorary Member, 
and Alexander K. Doull and Adam Burns 
became Perpetual ^Members, by paying £10. 




At the May meeting- the Treasurer, by request, fur- 
nished a statement of the finances of the Society to date : 
In Savings Bank, Perpetual Members' Fees....$ 849.93 
On property of the late W. H. Wyldman, 

at 6 per cent, interest 1800.00 

Mrs. Slayter 1400.00 

Peter Laughlan 2000.00 

George Brown 600.00 

]\Iay 2nd, 1867. $6,649.93 

(Signed) J. J. Bremner, 


x\t the Xovember meeting a letter was received from 
D. Kennedy, the Scottish \"ocalist, who had recently 
visited the City, and had been specially patronized by 
the Society, enclosing a donation of £5 to the Charity 

Previous to the Annual Meeting, a number of members 
waited upon the Hon. Chief Justice Young, to tender 
him the Chair of the Society for the ensuing year, in view 
of the celebration of the Centenary, which falls on the 
26th March, 1868; it being the unanimous wish of the 
Society that that hon. gentleman, so long connected with 
ihe Institution, shoukl fill the Chair on that occasion. 
The Committee were successful in their mission, as the 
honor being intended for a special occasion and an excep- 
tional year in the annals of the Society, was accepted as 
such. This was communicated to the Society and 

The Hon. Chief Justice Young was unanimously 
elected President: 

James Forman, Viee-Presideiif: 

Capt. John Taylor, Scnr. Assf. Vice-President: 

John Doull, Juiir. Assf. Vice-President; 

James T. Bremner, Treasurer: 



Tames S. Macdonald, i ^ , . 
i., c -c • ' Secretaries; 

i nomas c^. Kcki, I 

Rev. \Vm. Alaxwell, Chaplain; 
John S. AlacLean, 
Donald Murray, 
John B. Campbell, 


James Hunter, Charity; 

J. P. .Aluir, I 

Capt. Robert Breckin, Marshal; 

John ]\IcKenzie, ) ^j. 

'■ Fipers: 

John Patterson, ) 

John Patterson, Messenger. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was passed over unno- 
ticed on account of the general wish of the Society, that 
all possible honor should be concentrated on the Centen- 
ary, which falls on an early day in the ensuing year. 

Biographical Notes — 1867. 

Duncan Campbell, Historian of Xova Scotia, a great 
favorite in the Society. His eloquence and intellectual 
ability charmed his fellow-countrymen, and his patriotic 
example of worth and love of the old land was long 
remembered by the passing generation who so often 
enjoyed his company in the North British fraternity. 

Hon. Thomas S. Reid, iM.L.C, ]\Iayor of Hamilton, 
Bermuda, for many years, a brilliant and most esteemed 
member of the Society ; was born at Balla Head, Scot- 
land, and educated first at Peterhead and subsequently 
at Grammar School, Toronto, afterwards entering into 
business connection with John B. Campbell & Co., 
a connection which lasted from 1862 to 1871 ; 
Secretary to the Block House Coal Co. from 
1871 to 1875. Mr. Reid joined the Society in 
1866, and for several years gave splendid service to the 




Institution, particularly during 1868, the Centenary year, 
and in 1871. when the Sir W^alter Scott celebration gave 
great prominence to our Society and enormous work to 
Air. Reid, who had full charge of the arrangements, 
which involved great expense and anxiety to all con- 
cerned in that most successful function. To the great 
regret of the Society Mr. Reid retired from business in 
Halifax. In 1875 he married, and after three years' travel- 
ling over Europe took up his permanent residence at 
Bermuda. He was elected Alayor of Hamilton in 1898, 
and has since been regularly re-elected. Mr. Reid inter- 
ested himself in the erection of the Cathedral of Bermuda, 
dedicated in 1894, in which building he has spent many 
thousands of pounds sterling. As a public man he has 
been a great success, and in 1901 was appointed bv the 
Bermuda Government member of the Legislative 
Council. Air. Reid became a Perpetual Alember of the 
North British Society in 1880, and has since in many 
ways retained his interest in the working of our Insti- 



This most important year in the annals of our Society 
was ushered in under favorable auspices — with a large 
and influential roll of Ordinary, Honorary and Perpetual 
Members, — with a large charity fund, and an active and 
well-known Committee to disburse the same, and enjov- 
ing the honor of having at its head, as President, the 
leading Scotchman of the Province, the Honorable 
Wm. Youxg, Chief Justice, the third of that ilk who has 
occupied the chair of the Society, wdio to his distin- 
guished station, adds the genuine patriotic spirit of his 
country, which has ever made him a popular and 
esteemed member during his long and active connection 
with the Societv. 


In view of the approaching Centenary a special meet- 
ing- of the Society was called on the 28th day of January 
to take the same into consideration ; a large meeting 
responded to the summons, and various proposals were 
made, the result of which was that several Committees 
were appointed to consider the most suitable way of 
celebrating the same, to report at the Februai;y Quarterly 
Meeting. Among these Committees one important one 
may here be noticed : The President informed the 
Society that he had heard it suggested that, in order to 
mark the anniversary a Bursary' be founded in Dalhousie 
College, and as the suggestion was a most praiseworthy 
one, having for its object the advancement of education 
in the Province, he would recommend it to the considera- 
tion of the Society. After many members had spoken 
in favor of the scheme, the following Committee was 
appointed to examine into the practicability of the same, 
with details, and report at next meeting. 

James Forman, Chairman; 

Captain John Taylor, 

John Doull, 

J. J. Bremner, 

J. B. Campbell, 

Rev. George AI. Grant, 

Rev. W. Maxwell. 

Before the close of the proceedings, the President, at 
the solicitation of many members that he would deliver 
an oration on the Centenary, expressed himself most 
happy to give them his inspiration of the hour on that 
occasion. About twenty gentlemen were proposed as 
candidates for membership by members present. 

At the February meeting, which was numerously 
attended, the following gentlemen proposed at last Quar- 
terly and Special meetings were, on motion and decision 
of the meeting, elected unanimously by acclamation 
Ordinary Members : 


Donald G. Keith, Donald Keith, 
Hon. Robt. Robertson, Sandford Fleming, 
Charles Sinclair, James ^IcEwan, 

W. O. Adams, \v. H. Bauld, 

Alex. Sutherland, Alex. W. McLeod, 
Peter Grant, Prof. Lawson, 

Wm. McKerron, Alexander Moir, 

W'm. Montgomery, George Taylor, 
John AlcLachlin, Charles Taylor, 

John B. Young, Joseph D. ]\IcXab, 

John McKenzie, David King, 

John McXab. 

And Robert Forman was elected an Honorary Alember 
on motion from the Chair, by acclamation. 

The Treasurer presented a most satisfactory report 
of disbursements made during last quarter; after which 
James Forman, as Chairman of Bursary Committee, 
reported as follows : 

" That at a full meeting of the Committee appointed 
at last meeting, they had unanimously decided to submit 
the following report : 

" That the sum of sixty dollars be appropriated annu- 
ally from the funds of the North British Society for a 
Scholarship in connection with Dalhousie College, as a 
permanent commemoration of the Centenary of the 
Society, subject to the following conditions: 

" ist. That the holder of it be a person eligible to be 
a member of the Society. 

" 2nd. That the Scholarship be held during the third 
or fourth year of his undergraduate course. 

" 3rd. That it be competed for at the end of his second 
rear course, and that the first competition take place at 
the end of the present session, and that the examiners 
be always appointed by the Senate. 

" 4th. The money to be paid on the certificate from 
the Principal of Dalhousie College. 


" 5th. Any year when no competitor has presented 
himself, the money for that year to remain in the hands 
of the Society, but the Scholarship to be again open for 
competition on the following year, subject to the fore- 
going resolutions." 


John Doull. 
James Forman, 
John Taylor, 
G. ^\. Grant, 
J. B. Campbell. 
W. Maxwell, 
J. J. Bremner. 

After a long and animated discussion upon the above 
important resolution, it was finally put from the Chair, 
and the Report adopted by an overwhelming majority. 
A Committee appointed at last meeting to examine and 
report upon the Historical Record prepared by Jas. S. 
Macdonald, gave in their Report, recommending the 
publishing of the same at the expense of the Society, 
which was unanimously approved of. 

It was also decided to celebrate the Centenary as 
follows : 

A procession of the Society, in wdiich all Scotchmen 
of the City shall be invited to join, — an Oration at Tem- 
perance Hall by His Honor the Chief Justice (he having 
consented to deliver the same), — and a Grand Ball to be 
held in the evening. This, with the founding of the 
Bursary Fund, was considered the most suitable manner 
of marking the event ; but considerable difference of 
opinion having been expressed upon the question of a 
Ball and Dinner, led to the calling of a special meeting 
on February 24th. when it was decided by a large 
majority to hold a dinner on the evening of the Cen- 
tenary. This having been decided, all went vigorously 
to work to make a creditable celebration. Different 



committees were crafted to carry out the decision of the 
Society, and when the 2Dth March arrived, everything 
was in order. 

Biographical Note — i86S. 

Sir W'ilham Young-, born at Falkirk. Scotland, in 1799, 
son of Hon. John Youns:. the famous writer on Agricul- 
ture (Agricola). was iri early life educated at the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, where he took honors ; was admitted 
a Barrister in Xova Scotia in 1826, Queen's Counsel in 
1843, became a member of the Provincial Parliament of 
Nova Scotia in 1833. and again from 1837 to i860; was 
Speaker of the House 1843 to 1854. when he became 
Attorney-General; President of the Executive Council 
in 1859. Chief Justice of Xova Scotia in i86o, and Judge 
of Admiralty in 1864. He was knighted by Her Majesty 
for meritorious services in 1869. In 188 1 he retired from 
the Bench, and died :^Iay 8th, 1887, aged 88 years. Such 
is the baldest outline of the career of one of the greatest 
and best men ever associated with the history of our 
Province or Society. His many public services are a 
matter of our country's history. In tact, diplomatic 
skill and great inherent powers and perseverance, he w^as 
endow^ed far above his professional associates. He w^as 
well read, possessed of many qualifications requisite to 
the intellectual outfit of a public man, a gifted orator, a 
keen reasoner, with a well-balanced and trained judicial 
mind. He for a Ion? generation was the leading orator 
and statesman of our country. Joined to these great 
qualifications of a public man. Sir William was a great 
citizen and a most enthusiastic member. President and 
Orator of our Society. His burning eloquence on every 
public occasion in which our Society was connected will 
never be forgotten. In his will he remembered the Insti- 
tution, leaving Sio,ooo for forwarding its objects and 
strengthening its resources. He will be long remem- 


bered for his energetic and patriotic life, devoted as it 
was to the best interests of his country and humanity. 


The day was a most beautiful one, a clear sky, and — a 
most rare occurrence for i day so early in the season — 
good walking. 

At half-past four o'clock the members, joined by the 
recently resuscitated Highland Society, the Scottish 
Volunteers and Scotchmen of the City, numbering about 
400, started from the Granville Street side of the Pro- 
vince Building, and marched in procession to the Tem- 
perance Hall. The cortege was one of the finest ever 
witnessed in this city, the handsome banners of the two 
Societies, the gay and striking costume of the High- 
landers, together with the fine Volunteer Band, and the 
Pipers of the Society, formed a striking scene of costume, 
respectability and numbers, not to be forgotten by the 
thousands who lined the route of the procession. About 
b.alf-past one the doors of Temperance Hall were thrown 
open for the admission of ladies. Long before had the 
avenues leading to the building been filled by an anxious 
and expectant throng of Nova Scotia's fairest daughters, 
and when at last admission was afiforded, the rush, as 
might be expected, was overwhelming. At two o'clock 
the tide abated, and when at last the ladies to whom 
tickets had been issued were all accommodated with 
seats, the galleries were filled with hundreds of as bloom- 
ing cheeks, flashing eyes and merry hearts, as could 
have been found under any roof in the wide circle of our 
beloved Queen's Dominion. The procession arrived at 
a quarter to three, when the Hall was at once completely 
filled. As the procession moved up the aisle, the band 
played a Scottish air; the members and supporters of 
the standards ranged themselves on the platform, around 


which were chairs for the invited g^uests, among whom 
were the heads of Departments, the Judges, and the lead- 
ing citizens in pvibHc positions in the City ; on the plat- 
form were the office-bearers and older members of the 
Society. James Forman, the Vice-President, took the 
chair and introduced the President, the Hon. Chief 
Justice Young, the Orator of the day. His Lordship then 
rose, and in his genial, happy and impressive manner, 
delivered the following oration, wdiich may well be 
ranked among his finest efforts, and which, it must be 
remembered, was not a formal written paper. Init an 
abandonment to the inspiration of the hour: 


Ladies and Gentlemen. 

One hundred years ago, on the 26th of March, 1768, 
nineteen years after the settlenient of Halifax, a small 
band of Scotchmen, animated by tha strong national. feel- 
ing which characterizes the race, formed themselves into 
the XoRTH British Society. The house or room in 
which they assembled still remains at the corner of Salter 
and Granville Streets, and will be reverenced by all true 
Scotchmen as a relic of antiquity. On the same day, the 
same individuals, or nearly the same, formed themselves 
into the St. Andrew's Lodge, who are celebrating this 
Centenary in conjunction with ourselves. The mystic 
tie of Freemasonry, and the full volume of Scottish feel- 
ing, have thus moved along for a century in co-tempora- 
neous streams, and now I have the pleasure of seeing 
beside me — w-ith that wonderful faculty which Scotch- 
men everywhere display in rising to the top — my worthy 
and honorable friend, Alexander Keith, arrayed as 
Chief of the Highland Society, and Grand Master 
of the Masonic Body. (Cheers.) The records of the 
Society during the century have been preserved intact, 
and our Secretary, Jas. S. ^^lacdonald, has prepared full 


selections from them, which it is intended to publish, and 
from which I shall extract a few interesting particulars. 
We have just had a splendid procession, unprecedented, 
perhaps, in the City of Halifax. We have been in the 
habit of seeing processions of national societies every 
year, and I could not but admire the other day, the pro- 
cession of St. Patrick's Societ}-, with its banners stream- 
ing in the wind, and its long and enthusiastic line. Xext 
month we will, no doubt, see St. George's Society turn 
out in honor of its Patron Saint, with their splendid 
bouquets and their gentlemanly air. But, after all, it must 
be confessed, I think, that we have the advantage of 
them. They want something which we possess. They 
want the broad sword and the dirk, the picturesque and 
martial costume, the garb of old Gaul — (applause) — 
which attracts with a national instinct every man who 
has Scottish blood running in his ^■eins. and captivates 
every woman wdiether she has Scottish blood in her veins 
or no. (Loud applause.) And now my part in the pro- 
ceedings has come. !My countrymen, with a partiality 
and kindness which, during a long political and profes- 
sional career, have never failed me, — have unanimously 
elected me for the second time their President, that I 
might deliver this oration and preside at the banquet in 
the evening. But when I look around me at this vast 
assemblage, and see the array of talent, with so many 
minds of higher cultivation than my own, I feel but too 
keenly, that I will be unable to meet their expectations. 
And what am I to say, when I raise my eyes to the 
heaven above me, where there are assembled so many of 
the choicest ornaments of our hearts and homes? I can 
only hope that they will rain down upon us their sweetest 
influence — a subtle and mysterious essence, which will 
lend to every thought as it arises, a warmer glow, a softer 
and a tenderer hue. (Applause.) I find from our record 
that processions have not been much the fashion with 
our Society. There was one in 1782, when they marched 


in a body to the old St. Matthew's Church, then the only 
Presbyterian Church, 1 presume, in Halifax, and listened 
to a sermon from Dr. Andrew Brown in honor of St. 
Andrew. This goodly custom does not appear to have 
been repeated. It may be that the Rev. gentleman did 
not eulogise the Saint enough, or appeal with sufficient 
fervor to Scottish feeling. That fault would no longer 
be found, for if we revive the custom, as perhaps we 
ought, there will be no difficulty in eliciting from the 
pulpits we now have, a specimen of Presbyterian 
eloquence that will thrill us to the core. (Cheers.) It 
would not be, depend on't, like the sermon Dean Ramsay 
speaks of " a lang grace and nae meat." Then I find 
there was a grand procession in 'honor of the five hun- 
dredth anniversary of the battle of Bannockburn — that 
immortal victory which secured the independence, and 
raised to the highest pitch the martial glory of Scotland. 
(Cheers.) There is one other procession which I must 
not altogether omit. It took place in the year 1841, in 
honor of the birth of the Prince of Wales, and there I 
find that a little difficulty arose. The claim of the Society, 
it seems, to precedence in virtue of its seniority, was 
disputed, and then the Scottish blood was up. The 
Society assembled and passed spirited resolutions in 
assertion of their right. We all know that the Scotch- 
man, whether Highlander or Lowlander, is one of the 
best natured fellows in the world, provided you do not 
tread on his corns. But if you do, then comes the 
national motto, " Nemo iiic impunc laccssit,'' or its free 
translation, " Wha daur meddle wi me?" Chambers gives 
us a characteristic anecdote of this spirit-stirring border 
air. Leyden, the impulsive, enthusiastic Orientalist and 
poet, was stretched on a bed of sickness in India at the 
time the first Buonaparte was threatening invasion, when 
he was told that the Teviotdale men marched into Jed- 
burg playing this national air, which so transported him 



with (leliixht that he forgot all his aihnents, and sprang 
out of bed. shouting, " A\'ha daur meddle wi me?" " Wha 
daur meddle wi me?" In the same spirit our Society 
were determined to carry their point. I had forgotten 
this passage at arms altogether ; but I find that I was 
on the Committee that prepared the address, and my late 
brother George moved the resolutions, and that between 
us we carried the Society triumphantlv through. Lastly, 
I must not forget the great procession of 1859, when, in 
common with all the world, we did our best to celebrate 
the Centenary of Burns. On our records, too, there 
appear many jovial re-unions and some splendid ban- 
quets, especially one given in 1794 to His Royal Highness 
the Duke of Kent. Ol.d Air. Grassie on that occasion 
sang with great cclaf a song composed for the occasion, 
which, it is duly recorded, the Duke vehemently encored. 
The New York papers of the day declared this to be the 
finest entertainment ever given in the Provinces, and the 
reporter must have surpassed himself, for with a flight 
of elocjuence which no modern editor could rival, he tells 
us that the company enjoyed themselves to their utmost 
bent, and did not separate " until the horses of the sun 
were spurring with their glittering harness up the eastern 
horizon." But His Royal Highness might have more 
truly exulted, could he have forseen that seventy-four 
years after that day, an audience animated with true 
British feeling would have assembled in this place, with 
his daughter upon the Throne, Queen equally of our 
ailections and allegiance, at the head of the most power- 
ful, the most extended, and the most glorious Empire 
that the world has ever seen. (Loud cheers.) 

And now I must pay a passing tribute to some of the 
eminent men who appear upon our annals. Among our 
Honorary ^Members, or the contributors to our funds, are 
the Earl of Selkirk, the Earl of Ellesmere. and the Earl 
of Dalhousie, a name to be ever held in afifectionate 
remembrance in Xova Scotia. Then comes the honored 
name of Sir Colin Campbell, our Lieutenant-Governor at 


the time, when the new principles of Government were 
first developed in the Provinces. I differed from him in 
politics, but he always honored me with his personal 
confidence and friendship. He was a manly, true-hearted 
Scotchman, and the Society did itself honor by the steadi- 
ness and enthusiasm with which they sustained him. 
Then comes a crowd of Generals and Admirals, General 
Ogilvie in 1788, Admirals Murray, Mitchell, Douglass, 
Adam, and in more recent days. Sir John D. Hay, now 
at the Board of Admiralty, Sir Houston Stewart, equally 
great as sailor, dancer and curler; Sir Alexander Milne, 
now the first sea lord, and who has still a warm heart 
for all Xova Scotians ; and lastly, Sir James Hope, the 
very soul of courage and of honor. In my own profes- 
sion, among the past Presidents, I find Chief Justice Sir 
Thomas Strange, of whom an anecdote is recorded, illus- 
trative of his strict integrity, and of the delicacy of the 
judicial conscience. He left us in 1797 on his appoint- 
ment as Recorder of Bombay,' and on his passage out, 
having convinced himself that he had unconsciously done 
injustice in one of his decisions, he wrote to a friend 
here, declaring his conviction, and enclosing a draft for 
the amount which the party had wrongfully paid — a 
bright example, wdiich all judges should take to heart. 
Then we had my immediate predecessor. Chief Justice 
Sir Brenton Halliburton, whose eloquent words at 
Burns s Centenary, all of us remember, whose loss we 
all of us deplore. We had another Chief Justice, too,, 
of a neighbouring colony, it is true, but Master of the 
Rolls in our own, S. G. W. Archibald, whose polished 
wit and powers of infinite persuasion were never equalled 
at our own, and rarely at the English Bar. With these 
names before me I cannot but feel that however un- 
worthy in myself, I am at least the successor to a bril- 
liant line. On our list of Presidents there are many 
highly respected names, several of them unknown to the 
younger, but familiar to the older members. There are 
the names of Mr. Brymer, Deputy Paymaster-General ; 



Mr. John Black and Mr. Forsyth, of the great house of 
Black, Forsyth & Co. ; the Hon. Michael \Yallace, who 
was twice President, and whom every Scotchman in the 
Province looked up to as a friend ; the Hon. James 
Stewart, whom I regarded as my own professional 
father; the Hon. Jas. Fraser, Mr. McNab, Mr. Grassie, 
Mr. Forman, the father of our Vice-President — and who 
was there that did not love the kind-hearted, genial old 
man? My own father, whom all the world accounted 
an orator and a scholar, while he preferred to both the 
title of the " Farmer's Friend." My brother George, 
who toiled too incessantly for his health and peace of 
mind, devoted months and years of unrequited and 
gratuitous labour to the Intercolonial Railway, which 
seems, by some strange fatality, as if it were again to 
elude our grasp, and sacrificed his life for the public 
good ; Mr. William Murdoch, whose splendid legacies 
for public-spirited and charitable objects will ever make 
his name revered in Halifax ; my old friends, the Wil- 
liamsons, Mr. Esson, Mr. Gray, Mr. Mackinlay, whom 
we have so recently lost, and who left not an enemy 
behind him. I speak only of the dead ; the living I leave 
for some future orator. 

With names like these, it must be confessed, I think 
the Society has a splendid record. Its members in all. 
during the Century, have amounted to about i,ooo in 
number. The management of our funds, too, may afiford 
some useful lessons. I find shortly after its formation 
that the money on hand came to £ioi 17s. yd., but our 
worthy predecessors didn't spend this in a dinner or ball. 
Scotchmanlike, they set aside the £l 17s. 7d. for use, 
and invested the £100 at 6 per cent., where it remains 
to this day, having yielded four times its amount by 
interest, which we have expended in charity. By and 
by I find the funds had risen to £550, and now, with Mr. 
IMurdoch's legacy of £1.000, we have £1,800 in all, and 
don't owe a shilling in the world. (Cheers.) Not that 
we have been niggardly, either. We gave a sum towards 


the first Presbyterian Manse — contributed £ioo toward 
the Waterloo fund — and have founded in honor of this 
day a Scholarship in Dalhousie College, which may bring 
forth and polish some gifted mind that will shed lustre 
on the Institution, and bless the day on which this Cen- 
tenary was celebrated. 

So much for the records of our Society. You will per- 
ceive that I have treated them in an easy, colloquial vein, 
having thought that for a celebration of this kind the 
Society didn't expect a dull and prosaic lecture, nor an 
elaborate oration to be committed to memory, with bril- 
liant passages, perhaps, which I couldn't repeat if I tried 
it, and no one would care for if I did. What I mean to 
give you is a Xova Scotian and Scottish speech, drawing 
its inspiration from the hour, wanting, it may be, the 
elegance and polish of written composition, but with 
something of the vivacitv and life of an extemporaneous 
address, founded on Scottish history and tinged with the 
Scottish muse. (Applause.) I shall dwell, therefore, 
only for a moment on the extraordinary character of the 
century we are surveying. It began eight years after 
the accession of George the Third, in 1760. The capture 
of Quebec, with the memorable death of the gallant 
Wolfe, occurred in 1759. This was the first origin of 
British power on the North American Continent, which 
is destined, I trust, long and gloriously to endure. Eight 
years after, in 1776, came the declaration of American 
Independence, when it was supposed that the Mother 
Country had received a mortal blow ; but the hopes of 
her enemies and the fears of her friends were alike dis- 
appointed, for she sprang forward with a new impulse, 
and to this hour is advancing in reputation and in power. 
(Applause.) Within this period, too, was the memor- 
able rising of the masses against the abuses of power 
and the oppressions of the privileged classes in France — 
the wonderful succession of startling events which have 
from time to time convulsed the Continent of Europe — 
the consolidation of Italy, and the rapid, and I trust the 


steady and healthy progress of popular rights. The 
discoveries in science and the arts have illustrated the 
period far beyond any that has preceded it. Railways, 
telegraphs, steamships, are only a part of its magnificent 
creations. Our knowledge, too, of the earth which we 
inhabit, has been wonderfully extended ; its beginning 
was marked by Captain Cook's first discoveries in the 
South Seas ; the unknown regions of Africa have been 
penetrated and the sources of the Nile explored, — 
Australia has been traversed from sea to sea, and the 
fact of the North-West Passage demonstrated by the 
adventurous McClintock. " The North-West Passage by 
land," has lately attracted the enterprise and spirit of 
two Englishmen of intellect and rank, of whose book 
this is the title. Lord Milton, son of the Earl of Fitz- 
william. and his friend Doctor Cheadle, a graduate of 
Cambridge, descended the Red River to Fort Garry, 
thence travelling westward, crossed the Rocky ]\Ioun- 
tains by one of the northern passes, descended the 
Thomson River amidst a thousand privations, reached 
Esquimalt Harbor in \*ancouver, and from thence 
ascended the Eraser to Carriboo — the whole journey 
and the spirit in which its fatio"ues were undergone and 
its adventures are recorded, producing a most charming 
work, which I strongly recommend to the elder as well 
as the younger part of my audience. I will embrace the 
opportunity, too, of recommending to them two other 
books of modern travel, Vambery's Central Asia, and 
Pulgrave's Arabia, both to be had in our bookstores, and 
which far surpass in romance, in variety of incident, and 
in beauty of writing, the sensational novels of the present 
day, which load, and I am sorry to add, which too often 
defile as well as load the pages of the magazines and the 
shelves of our circulating libraries. (Applause.) 

Let us now turn, for a while, to a few of the leading 
incidents in Scottish history, which illustrate the early 
condition of the country. Strange misapprehensions 
have been entertained even by Scotchmen upon this 


point, of which it is time to disabuse them. It has been 
.supposed that Scotland some centuries ago was a semi- 
barbarous and savage country, far inferior to its Southern 
neighbor and rival. But the ancient chronicles, when we 
consult them, give us a very different impression. In 
the middle of the twelfth century, seven hundred years 
ago, when Henry the Second banished the Flemings from 
his dominions, they took refuge in great numbers in the 
northern Kingdom, as the safer and more civilized of 
the two. The middle of the thirteenth century, in the 
reign of Alexander the Third, was distinguished by the 
arrival of the Lombard merchants, to establish settle- 
ments in Scotland — an event, says Tytler, which of itself 
speaks a high degree of mercantile wealth and opulence. 
In the year 1249 one of the most powerful of the French 
Barons, who accompanied Louis the Ninth on a crusade, 
had a ship which was to bear him and his vassals to the 
Holy Land built for him at Inverness, — so high a repu- 
tation had the Scottish ship carpenters acquired at that 
early period even in foreign countries. Her exports in 
the fourteenth century were of large amount. In the 
reign of David the Second she had seventeen royal 
boroughs, including Perth, Roxburgh, Stirling, and Aber- 
deen ; and Berwick, her principal port, is described as a 
great mart of foreign commerce, inasmuch as its customs 
under Alexander the Third amounted to one-fourth of the 
whole customs of England. These facts sufficiently 
attest her commercial independence and rising wealth at 
that remote era, which was succeeded, however, by a 
long period of depression — the protracted and desperate 
contest which she waged with England for her political 
life and independence — the struggle in which Bruce and 
Wallace and her other heroes acquired a deathless 
renown — the tragical events which marked the reigns of 
the Stuarts, left the country impoverished but unsub- 
dued. Mr. Freeman, in his late work, the History of the 
Roman Conquest, has shown indeed, that the southern 
portions of the Kingdom — the ancient Strath, — Clyde, 


Berwickshire, and the Lothians — yielded to the superior 
force and acknowledged the supremacv of England ; but 
Scotland north of the Forth and the Clyde, and still more, 
Scotland north of the Tay, has never been conquered — 
such, at least, is the proud and undying conviction of her 
patriots and poets. 

Now, it is part of my purpose to illustrate these short 
sketches of Scottish history by a few choice pieces from 
our native poets, and I shall introduce two or three of 
them here. The first I shall take from Robert Ferguson ; 
and as I read it, I must confess I feel some compassion 
for my English hearers, to whom much of it will sound 
like Greek, and who are unable to relish and apprehend 
its Doric flow : 


Weel kens the guidwife that the pleughs require 

A heartsome meltietli. and refresliing sjTid 
O* liappy liquor owre a bleezing fire: 

Sair work and poortith downa weel be join'd, 
Wi' butter'd bannocks now tlie girdle reeks; 

r the far nook the bowie briskly reams: 
The readied kail ftands by the chimley cheeks. 

And hawds the riggin het wi' welcome steams, 
Whilk than the daintiest kitchen nicer seems. 

On sicken food has mony a doughty deed 

By Caledonia's ance-stoi-s been done; 
By this did mony a wight fu' wierlike bleed, 

In brulzids frae the da\\Ti to set o' sun. 
T'was this that braced their gardies stiff and Strang 

That bent the deadly yew in ancient days. 
Laid Denmark's daring sons on yird alang, 

Gar'd Scottish thristles bang the Roman bays. 
For near our coast their heads they doughtna raise. 

My next is from Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd. 

Caledonia! thou land of the mountain and rock, 

Of the ocean, the mist and the wind; 
Thou land of the torrent, the pine and the oak, 

Of the roebuck, the hart and the hind: 
Though bare are thy cliffs and though barren thy glens, 

Though bleak thV dun islands appear, 
Yet kirtd are the hearts, and undaunted the clans, 

That roam on these mountains so drear. 


A foe from abroad, or a tyrant at liome. 

Could never thy ardour 'restrain, 
The marsliall'd array of Imperial Rome, 

Essay'd thy proiui spirit in vain! 
Firm scat of religion, of valour, of truth. 

Of genius uashackled and free; 
The muses have left all the vales of the south, 

My loved Caledonia for thee. 

Sweet land of the bay and the wild winding deep, 

Where loveliness slumbers at even. 
\V\\\\e far in the depth of the blue water sleeps 

A calm little motionless heaven! 
Thou land of the valley, the moor, and the hill, 

Of the storm and the proud rolling wave; 
Yes, thou art the land of fair liberty still, 

And the land of my forefather's grave. 

One other piece I give you from the same gifted poet: 

What are the fiowers of Scotland, 

All others that excel? 
The lovely flowers of Scotland 

All others that excel! 
The thistle's purple bonnet 

And bonny heather bell, 
O! they're the flowers of Scotland, 

All others that excel! 

L'p wi' th" flowers of Scotland, 

The emblems o' the free; 
Their guardians for a thousand years. 

Their guardians still we'll be" 
A foe had better brave the deil, 

\\ ithin his reeky cell; 
Than our thistle's purple bonnet. 
Or bonny heather bell. 

And now we will revert to matters of a more prosaic 
but not less interesting kind. You will recollect that 
James the Sixth, of Scotland, mounted the British Throne 
in 1603, when the Crowns of England and Scotland were 
first united, but that the treaty of union between the two 
kingdoms dates from the year 1706. What was the con- 
dition of Scotland at this period? Xo goods could be 
landed from the American plantations in any part of 
Scotland, unless they had been first landed and paid duty 
in England, nor even in that case unless in an English 
ship. On the other hand English woolens were pro- 


hibited to be imported into Scotland, and the two Parlia- 
ments nmtuallv pursued the short-sighted and suicidal 
policy which was then thought to be the perfection of 
wisdom. A great modern philosopher has asked whether 
anv greater folly is to be found in the history of legis- 
lation, — how it was possible for intelligent men so to 
mistake their true interests? But for my part I am not 
so much astonished, as in the course of my career I have 
often heard precisely the same doctrines advanced as 
the true policy of our own Province in its intercourse 
with its sister Provinces, — an isolation not within the 
narrow and contracted limits of the British Isles, but in 
this more extended and glorious sphere of ours in British 
America, of which Nova Scotia is destined, oppose it 
who may, to be the ornament and pride. 

And what was the effect of this narrow legislation? 
The whole western coast, shut out from the only foreign 
commerce that was open to it, was languishing in poverty 
and neglect. The Clyde, on whose banks such marvels 
have since been wrought, which subdued the prejudices 
even of Cobbett, and draws forth the admiration of every 
stranger, was an inconsiderable stream, having nothing 
to recommend it but its exquisite rural beauty and its 
historic fame. There was Bothwell Brig, and the black 
and yawning gulf which Scott has immortalized — but 
that was all. Its forest of shipping lying at the Broomie- 
law, and bringing their treasures from every corner of 
the earth, — its princely steamers, living evidences of the 
genius and skill of her mechanics, and whose stately pace 
upon the waters of our harbor, not less magnificent than 
themselves, we have so often gazed at and admired, were 
then all unknown and unforeseen. But the first blow had 
been struck. There were no longer mere rhetorical 
flights in the Houses of Parliament, or theoretic aspir- 
ations amono- political dreamers. — the logic of facts was 
to be tested — there was the magic of Union. 

And how did it work? Let the public records and the 
history of the period speak. In 1707. on the passage of 


the Union Act, the people of Greenock assessed them- 
selves for the construction of a harbor, — by the year 1710 
the whole of the works was completed. A pier and 
capacious harbor were erected, and Greenock was sud- 
denly raised from insignificance to take an important 
part in the trade of the Atlantic. In 1719 she dispatched 
her first ship to America, and the wealth of the place 
increased so rapidly that, according to vSir John Sinclair, 
the harbor debt was paid oft' in 1740, and the foundation 
laid of her municipal fund. The first vessel which crossed 
the Atlantic from Glasgow, was in the year 1719. This 
magnificent city, now the second in the Empire, at that 
time displayed but little of her present greatness, and 
oflfered a singular contrast to the foundries and ship- 
yards of the Xapiers and the Aitkins, where a single 
establishment, which I inspected last year, employed 
2,500, and had employed as many as 4,000 men. The 
only Scottish manufacture of any account, previous to 
the Union Act, was that of linen, and it was met, of 
course, by a prohibitory duty in England. In ten years 
after the Union, the exportation of it had doubled. Pais- 
ley, originally a priory, then an abbey of Black Monks, 
takes its rise from 1725 ; it is now, as we know, a vast 
emporium of industrv and crowded by an active popu- 
lation. The linen manufacture penetrated to Kilmar- 
nock in 1744, to Inverary in 1748, to Fife in 1760. The 
first County Banks vv-ere established at Aberdeen and 
Glasgow in 1749; in 1768 the canal connecting the Forth 
and Clyde, on the banks of which I was born, was begun, 
and in 1790 it was completed. It is highly interesting 
to Scotchmen to mark these steps in the magnificent pro- 
gress which our country has made, and it is of the deepest 
moment to X'ova Scotians to apprehend the cause from 
whence it sprung. I have often visited the United States, 
and noted with an observant eye the evidence of their 
astonishing advance. In 181 5 I spent a summer in the 
City of New York, when its population was little more 
than ioo,oco, and the City of Brooklvn was an incon- 


siderable village. The three millions of people in the 
original thirteen States, have swollen in less than a cen- 
tury to thirty-five millions, or as the Tribune contends, 
to thirty-eight. Does this wonderful progress spring 
from the freedom of their institutions or the universal 
education of their people? These have done much, but 
one leading and operative cause, I am persuaded, has 
been the free and unrestricted intercourse between the 
members of that vast Confederacy — the practical estab- 
lishment and recognition of the principles of free trade, 
even when these principles were theoretically disowned, 
a homage paid almost unconsciously to their truth. The 
same principles came into full play in England and Scot- 
land, as a consequence of the Union, and were attended 
with the like results. 

Sometimes, it is true, there has been some little jarring. 
^^'e all of us recollect the celebrated letters of Malachi 
]\Ialagrowther, in which the pungent and witty pen of 
Sir A\'alter Scott defended the Banking system of his 
country, prefacing them with the rather ominous motto, — 

'• When the pipes begin to play, 
Tiitti taittie to the Drum. 
Out with claymore and down with gun. 
And to the rogues again I" 

for which, upon second thoughts, he substituted a 
more pacific one, taken from Mason, — 

" Sister, to thee no ruder spell 
Will Scotia use, than those that dwell 
In soft persuasive notes, that lie 
Twined with the links of harmony "' ; 

lines which I strongly recommend to our own approval, 
substituting only the mother for the sister. 

It will be expected that something should now be said 
of the literature of Scotland. Trade, manufactures and 
shipping are admirable things, but the true glory of a 
country lies in its cultivated minds — a glory of which 
Scotland has been always emulous, though she was late 
in entering the field. It has been said that up to the 


eig-hteenth century, but two or three Scotchmen deserved 
to be ranked among the Hterary or scientific benefactors 
of the world. George Buchanan, famed for the elegance 
of his latinity, has the merit of having first clearly defined 
the relations that ought to exist between Governors and 
the governed, and placed popular rights on a rational and 
solid basis. Napier of Merchiston, the inventor of 
logarithms, was a profound mathematical genius — he 
belonged to a race of heroes. Burnet is a well known 
name. Two of the earlier poets also deserve commemor- 
ation. Thomas the Rhymer, in the thirteenth century, 
whose tower at Earlstown is still standing, produced the 
poem of Sir Tristam, which attained high celebrity in 
Europe. It was edited by Sir Walter Scott, and is said 
to contain many fine touches of nature and many inter- 
esting pictures of ancient manners. The father of his 
hero he describes " stalwart, wise and wdght," but the 
dialect in which it was Avritten is too obscure to be 
relished by modern scholars. He is still a favorite, and 
his prophecies enjoy a high reputation among the Scot- 
tish peasantry. One of these has reference to a family 
of the name of Haig, who had inherited the same property 
from the time of William the Lion, and ran thus : 

Tide, tide, whate'er betide, 
Theer'll be a Haig at Bemerside. 

For eighteen generations the inheritance was un- 
broken, and during the long period of 700 years every 
Haig had the good fortune or good sense to produce a 
son to succeed him. The nineteenth Haig married in 
due season with the same laudable and pious object; but 
lo and behold ! he had twelve daughters in succession, 
which, with all our regard for the fair sex, was, it must 
be confessed, rather too much of a good thing. (A 
laugh.) The popular faith in Thomas the Rhymer began 
to wane, wdien lo ! there was a son, and the prophet was 
restored to his ancient 'good name. Tn the 14th century, 
Barbour, the metrical historian of Robert Bruce, pro- 


duced his spirited and graphic poem,^ — remarkable for 
the strength and purity of its language, its noble senti- 
ments and the richness of its imagery. 

The 17th century, while it was a blank in Scotland, 
was the golden age of English literature. Spenser 
belongs more properly to the i6th, and was greatly 
admired in his own day, though now he has almost 
become obsolete. But the great names of Milton and 
Shakespeare in poetry, of Bacon and Newton in 
philosophy, belong to the 17th, and shed upon the English 
name a lustre that wull never die. There is no name in 
the literture of France during that period that can com- 
pare with these ; and German literature, which has since 
attained to such eminence, w^as then scarcely born. 
Xewton possessed the rarest and most tranescendent 
genius that God ever gave to man, and the fame of 
.Shakespeare is green as ever, and will last as long as 
human nature itself. Poets of the highest order, and 
prose writers like Bacon, with infinite wealth of fancy, 
and powers of original expression, ennoble and enrich a 
language, and one is astonished on reading Paradise Lost, 
the dramas of Shakespeare, and the essays of Bacon, to 
find how many of the phrases first struck out by the 
genius of these men have passed into familiar use. 

It was not till about the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury that the mind of Scotland was thoroughly awakened, 
when all at once a new and splendid literature arose. 
Robertson takes rank among our finest historians. There 
is no more beautiful piece of writing in our language 
than his description of the voyage of Columbus — it is far 
superior, I think, both in simplicity and beauty, to that 
of A\'ashington Irving. Hume can scarcely be excelled 
as a master of English composition. His history is an 
exquisite work of art ; and although his sympathy with 
the Stuarts was too strongly marked, and would scarce 
allow him to do justice to the Pyms, the Hampdens, and 
the Cromwells, it is impossible to read his work without 
admiration and delis:ht. But a greater than either of 


these two remains. In the little villao;e of Kircaldy, in 
Fife, the most profound thinker that Scotland ever pro- 
duced spent ten years of his life maturing- his orreat work 
— having withdrawn from the society of his literary 
friends at Edinburgh, who had no conception of the task 
to which he had devoted himself. At the expiration of 
that time, Adam Smith produced his "Wealth of Nations" 
— a work which has done more to reform and revolu- 
tionize the opinions of mankind and the actions of gov- 
ernments, than any that preceded or followed it. I was 
present the other night at the meeting of the " Young 
Men's Early Closing Association " — a movement of wdiich 
T highly approve — and was delighted to hear the reso- 
lutions which some of them then expressed — to dedicate 
the time which the generosity and kindness of their 
their minds. They are mostly engaged in commercial 
employers had assigned them to the improvement of 
pvirsuits ; many of them, I doubt not, will rise to leading 
positions in this community ; and it is of great conse- 
quence that they should acquire accurate ideas of the 
philosophy as well as the practice of trade. Let me 
stronglv recommend to these and to other young men, 
the study of Smith's " Wealth of Nations," not super- 
ticially, but with the fixed purpose to understand it, and 
with pen in hand. They will permit me, perhaps, to cite 
mv own example. I read the work in that spirit up- 
wards of fifty years ago, and the copious notes I then 
took have served me a hundred times since in good stead, 
both in the Assembly and at the Bar. 

In the notes I have before me, I intended to have said 
something of the writers of this period in the science of 
mind — Hutcheson, Reid, and Dugald Stewart — but I find 
that time will not permit me, and I must pass for a little 
while to the poets, and delight you with a few extracts 
from Ramsay and the " Ettrick Shepherd." Burns I 
treated at large on a former occasion. 

I know no pastoral poem in the English language of 
equal merit to the " Gentle Shepherd " of Ramsay. It 


is far superior to the " Pastoral Ballad " of Shenstone, of 
which Dr. Johnston, in his " Lives of the Poets," sarcas- 
tically says that " an intelligent reader, acquainted with 
the real scenes of life, sickens at the mention of the crook, 
the pipe, the sheep and the kids," which figure so largely 
in that production. But Ramsay painted life as it is ; 
and the Scottish dialect in which he wrote, which was no 
vulgar Patois, but the language of polite life as well as 
of the shepherds, runs with a mellifluous flow. Mark 
the following extract, where one of his shepherds gives 
his comrade an instructive lesson in the management of 
the fair sex : 

Pat. Daft gowk! leave off that silly whinging way, 

Seem carele.^s; there's my hand, ye'll win the day. 
Hear how I served my lass, I loe as weel 
As ye do Jenny, and with heart as leel ; 
Last morning I was gay and early out, 
Upon a dyke I leaned, glowrin' aijout; 
I saw my Meg come linkin' o'er the lee; 
I saw my ^leg, but ^legg>' saw nae me ; 
And yet the sun was wading through the mist 
And she was close upon mo ere she wist. 
Her coats were kiltit and did sweetly shaw 
Her straight bare limbs that whiter were than snaw. 
Her cockeronV snooded up fu sleek. 
Her haffct locks hang waving on her cheek; 
Her cheek sae ruddy and her een sae clear. 
And oh! her mouth's like ony hinny pear; 
Xeat, neat she was in bustine waistcoat clean. 
As she came skilhng o'er the dewy green. 
BIythsome, I cried : '• My bonny Meg come here, 
I ferly wherefore ye're sae soon asteer; 
But I can guess ye're gawn to gather dew." 
She scoured awa and said, " What's that to you?" 
" Then fare ye weel, Meg. dorts and e'ens ye like." 
I careless cried, and lap in o'er the dike. 
I trow when that she saw, within a crack 
She came with a right thieveless errand back ; 
IMisca'd me first, then bad me hound my dog 
To wear up three waff ew( s strayed on the bog. 
I leugh and sae did she; then with great haste 
I clasped my arms about her neck and waist. 
About her yielding waist. * * * * 
Dear Roger, when your Joe puts on her gloom 
Do ye sae too, and never fash your thumb; 
Seem to forsake her, soon she'll change her mood 
Gae woo anither and she'll gang clear wud. 

Let us contrast with this a conference between the 



two Mistresses, winding up with a charming' picture of 

rural Hfe. 

Peg. Xae mair of that — clear Jenny to be free, 

There's some men constanter in love than we; 
Xor is the ferly {jreat, when nature kind. 
Has blest them with solidity of mind, 
They'll reason calmly, and with kindness smile, 
^Yh^n our short passions wad our peace beguile. 
8ae whenso'er they slight tneir maiks at hame, 
'Tis ten to one tlie wives are maist to blame; 
Then I'll employ' with pleasure a' my art 
To keep him chcerfu' and secure his heart. 
At e'en when he comes Aveary frae the hill, 
I'll ha'e a' things made ready to his will ; 
In winter when he toils through wind and rain, 
A bleezing ingle and a clean hearth stane; 
And soon as he flings by his plaid and staff. 
The seething pots be ready to take aff. 
Clean hag-a-bag I'll spread upon his board, 
And serve him with tlie best we can afford. 
Good humour and wliite bizonets shall be 
Guards fj my face, to keep his love for me. 

Jex. a dish of married love right soon grows cauld 
And c'osens down to nane as foulk grow auld. 

Peg. But we'll grow and together auld ne'er find 

The loss of youth, when love grows on the mind 

Bairns and their bairns make sure a firmer tie 

Than aught in love the like of us can spy. 

See yon twa elms that grow vip side by side — 

Suppose them some years syne bridegroom and bride, 

Nearer and nearer ilka year they've prest, 

Till wide their spreivUng branches are increased. 

And in their mixture now are fully blest. 

This shields the other frae* the eastlin blast, 

That in return defends it frae the west; 

Sic as stand single (a state sae liked by you) 

Beneath ilk storm, frae eveiy airt maim bow. 

Lastly, I will give you a song which has always been 

popular in Scotland : 

Jockey said to Jenny, Jenny, wilt thou do't? 
Xe'er a fit, quo' Jenny, for my tocher good. 
For my tocher good I winna marry thee. 
E'en's ye like, ouo' Jock^-, I can let you be. 

Mause. Weel tiltit. Bauldy, that's a dainty sang. 
Bculdy. I'se gie ye'd a', it's better than it's lang. 

I hae goAvd and gear, I hae land eneugh, 
I hae sax good owsen ganging in a pleugh ; 
Ganging in a pleugh. and linking o'er the lee, 
And gin ye winna tak me I can let you be. 



I hae a good house, a barn and a byre; 
A peat stack 'fore the door will make a rantin' fire, 
Will make a rantin' fire, and merry we shall be, 
And gin ye winna tak me I can let you be. 

Jenny said to Jocky, gin ye winna teli. 
Ye shall be the lad, I'll be the lass mysell — 
Ye're a bonny lad, and I'm a lassie free, 
Ye're welcomer to tak me than to let me be. 

I have three or four extracts from the poems of Plogg, 
but I find I must here content myself with only one, 
entitled "The Women Fo'k " :- 


sairly may I rue the day 

I fancied first the woman kind. 
For aye sinsyne I ne'er can liae 

Ae quiet thought or peace o' mind! 
They hae plagued my heart an' pleased mj' ee 

An' teased an' flattered me at will. 
But aye, for a' their witehireie 

The pawky things I lo'e them still. 
O the women fo'k! the women fo'k 

But they hae been the wreck o' me, 
O weaiy fa' the women fo'k. 
For they winna let a body be! 

1 hae thought an' thought but darena tell, 

I've studied them with a' my skill, 
I've lo'ed them better than mysell, 
I've tried again to like them ill. 
Wha saircst strives \vill sairest rue 

To comprehend what nae man can; 
When he has done what man can do. 
He'll end at last where he began. 
O the women fo'k! the women fo'k 

But they hae been the wreck o' me, 
O weaiy fa' the women fo'k. 
For they winna let a body be! 

That they hae gentle forms an' meet 

A man wi' half a look may see; 
An' gracefu' ains an' faces sweet, 
An' wavin' curls aboon the bree; 
An' smiles as soft as the young rose bud, 

An' een sae pawky bright an' rare. 
Wad lure the laverock frae the cludd. 
But laddie, seek to ken nae mair. 
O the women fo'k! the women fo'k 

But they hae been the wreck o' me, 
O weaiy fa' the women fo'k, 
For they winna let a body be! 



And now I must draw to a close. I have already 
spoken of the rajjid j^rogress which the Scotch have made 
as a people in the century we are surveyins^-. Aly friend 
Professor Leone Levi, in a report recently made to the 
British Association at Dundee, remarked that in the fift}' 
years ending in 1865, the amount charged in England for 
income tax rose 128 per cent. — that is, the taxable in- 
come of England had more than doubled in that period. — 
wdiile in Scotland it rose, in the same period, to 153 per 
cent. Scotland, at this moment, pays a larger proportion 
of the revenue than at any former period of her history. ' 
It was stated in the recent debates in Parliament, that 
while at the time of the Union, Scotland paid only one- 
fortieth of the revenue of the L'nited Kingdom, now she 
pays one-fifth. Her population at the time of the Union 
was less than one million — at the beginning of the present 
Century it has risen to one million six hundred thousand 
— it is now upwards of three millions. In other words, 
it has doubled within the last sixty years, — an advance 
of wdiich there is no parallel in any of the old European 
Kingdoms, except in England he'rself — whose population 
in the same period has risen from nine millions and a 
half to twenty millions. 

It is singular to contrast the progress of other covm- 
tries holding something of the same position. In 1857 I 
spent some days in Sweden, and traversed the country 
by the great canal from Gothenburg to Stockholm, thence 
to Upsala, where I visited the University and formed the 
acquaintance of some of her learned men. Sweden is a 
Protestant country, with a population of three and a half 
millions, mostly Lutheran. Education is widely diffused. 
She has a free Parliament, consisting of four Houses 
when I saw them, now reduced to two. In the course ot 
her history she has done great things. So early as the 
14th Century she abolished the sale of slaves, and she 
has produced many heroic souls ; but in literature and 
science few eminent names are to be found in her annals. 
Puffendorf, Tvchobrahe and Linnaeus almost exhaust the 


list. Switzerland, again, with which I am familiar, with 
a mixed population of two and a half millions, and one- 
seventh of her population at her public schools — an inde- 
pendent Confederacy, with a rare distinction that she has^ 
no public debt — labors under the disadvantage of having 
no literary language of her own ; and her great writers 
DeStael, Rousseau, Dumont, Sismondi, Lavater and 
Ewler, rank under the French or the German schools. 
How different is it with Scotland ! I have spoken of 
the four or five great names that illustrate the 17th Cen- 
tury in England. We have four great names, not so 
eminent indeed as the English, but scarcely to be sur- 
passed elsewhere — that illustrate the iSth in Scotland — 
Adam Smith, Walter Scott. Robert Burns and James 
A\'att — to say nothing of a host of others : Chalmers, the 
prince of modern preachers ; Jeffery, the prince of critics ; 
Brewster, the prince of natural philosophers. (Applause.) 
And may it not be well to wind up with an incjuiry, 
how far the characteristic and homely virtues of the 
Scottish people may be improved or transplanted into 
our own Province ? Does she teach us no examples that 
we may safely imitate? I no longer speak as a Scotch- 
man by birth, but as a Xova Scotian by affection and 
habit. A Scotchman may fondly think that one of the 
best and surest guarantees for the moral and religious 
life — the growing intelligence and the material progress 
of Nova Scotia — is the large intermixture of Scottish 
blood that glows and circulates in her veins. If it be so,, 
let us profit by the infusion. 

In some respects the two countries closely resemble 
each other. No part of Scotland is more that forty miles 
from the sea, and we also are surrounded l^y the ocean. 
Our coasts are of the same rugged aspect, and the carses 
of the one and the dyked marshes of the other are not 
unlike. There is the same native shrewdness in the 
people, for I have often been astonished, before the bles- 
sings of education were extended to the masses, at the 
untaught and intuitive sagacity of the Nova Scotian 


mind. They have both strong rehgious convictions, 
moving not in a shallow and languid stream, but with the 
passion and force of noble minds — not with the mere 
philosophical belief which amounts only to a perhaps, 
])ut with the power and earnestness of faith. Let us 
make the parallel more complete. Let us learn that a 
liberal economy, parsimony if you please, whose praises 
are celebrated by Adam Smith, is one of the first of vir- 
tues. It lays the solid foundation of capital, frowns on 
the extravagancies of fashion, and fosters a manly 
independence. A manufacturer of large fortune, it may 
be in Glasgow or Aberdeen, has a number of sons. How 
does he educate them? He sends them three or four 
years to attend the collegiate classes, and gives them a 
cultivation and reach of thought, which fits them for the 
highest positions and to which our young men, deprived 
of the same advantage, have but few pretensions. Is it 
justice to our young men that this should be so? Why 
should the future merchants and leading mechanics of 
Nova Scotia be confined to the mere drudgery of trade 
or labor, without first accjuiring some knowledge of the 
classics, some tincture of mathematical and literary 
training. A college, inferior to none in the Ilritish 
Provinces, is now open to them. Why should not its 
classes be filled with the sons of our traders, of our 
leading mechanics and our professional men, as similar 
classes are filled in the four Scottish cities having the 
advantage of L'niversities? But there is another feature 
which is equally worthy of imitation. The wealthy 
manufacturers I have spoken of do not hesitate to send 
their sons, after having passed, it may be, a collegiate 
course, to the loom or the forge to learn their business 
from the beginning. They prefer this to driving tandem 
(a laugh) and have the good sense, both father and son, 
to account it no degradation ; for no man can conduct a 
business successfully who does not know it from the 
bottom, — just as no lady is fit to manage a household, 


who has not been often in the kitchen before she is 

I was cleHghted, when on a recent visit to one of our 
greatest manufactories, to find young lads of education 
employed at the machines, and by their superior intelH- 
gence already filling the places of grown men. Appli- 
cations for admission, I was assured, were frequent. It 
is this mainly which has made Scotland wdiat she is. It 
has been long the practice in New England, and I know 
of no greater benefit that one of our wealthy merchants 
could confer upon the community, than to set such an 
example with one of his sons. 

I see a number of the young men of my own profes- 
sion near me. and I will seize the opportunity of giving 
them, and others as well, a lesson which I had early in 
life, and profited by myelf. AA'hen I was entering upon 
the law, upwards of forty years ago. Judge James 
Stewart, wdiom I have already mentioned, with true kind- 
ness said to me, " ^lind what I am going to tell you. 
W hen you open your office, make a fixed determination 
never to spend more than two-thirds of your income, 
invest the other third as you make it in mortgages at 6 
per cent. Enter into no speculations, but attend strictly 
to your office and your business. Under no temptation 
keep your clients' money a day. Follow these maxims, 
and although you may be unable to make a fortune, you 
will always have independence and peace of mind." I 
commend these maxims to the thoughtful consideration 
of the young fellows before me. 

And now, as I have been saying so much of litera- 
ture, let me say a word upon two works that have been 
published this vear in Xova Scotia, but have attracted 
far less attention than they deserve. The one is the 
" Teachers' Text Book," written by the Rev. Dr. For- 
rester, giving the results of his long experience, and 
containing the most comprehensive and most philosophic 
account of the theory and practice of teaching that I have 
ever met. The other is entitled, " Helena's Household," 


the production of Professor DeAIille, a picture of Roman 
society and manners in the time of Nero, and embelHshed 
bv many passages of true beauty and power. 

Here I must close. I have spoken with great free- 
dom, but I have spoken from the heart. The time must 
come when the rising talent of Xova Scotia will be more 
assiduously cultivated and her resources more developed 
— when her population shall be fully alive to the immense 
advantages which a bountiful Providence has showered 
upon her ; and whatever her political destiny may be, 
let us hope that she will prove herself worthy of the high 
position for which God and Nature have evidently 
desicrned her. 

The Chief Justice resumed his seat amidst immense 
cheering, having spoken about an hour and a half. 

Rev. G. M. Grant said: It is my pleasing duty to 
move that this audience do convey to the Chief Justice 
their thanks for the oration which he has just delivered. 
I am sure that the Society, of which he is the honored 
head, will express its thanks in many ways, and right 
cordially, too ; but it is also the duty of the citizens of 
Halifax, present in this assembly, to convey the expres- 
sion of their gratification. The oration, I am sure, 
charmed and delighted every one who listened to it ; for 
the Chief Justice wove together materials the most 
diverse, gathered from many quarters. He has proved 
himself worthv of the honored line of men whose place 
he fills, not only as the head of the legal profession, but 
as the head also of the community to which we are proud 
to belong, the North Britons of Nova Scotia. 

JoHX Taylor, Esq., seconded the motion, which 
passed by acclamation. 

The Chief Justice said: I feel deeply gratified at 
this expression of thanks. This is the first occasion, 
since i860, on which I have delivered a lecture from this 


platform, and I am really delighted that I have come 
here to-day, were it for nothing else than to enjoy the 
vivifying response which I have seen in the faces of my 

After which the Hall slowly emptied itself of its fair 
and gallant company, the procession reformed and 
marched through the principal streets, which were 
densely thronged with spectators, to the residence of the 
Chief Justice on South Street, then through Pleasant 
Street back to the rendezvous, the Province Building. 


In the evening the members of the Society and their 
guests, to the number of about 120, assembled at Mason 
Hall to close the celebration of the Centenary. The 
table was loaded with the choicest viands, served up in 
a most excellent style. The Hall was tastefully decor- 
ated with the Banners of the North British and Highland 
Societies. The Chair was occupied by His Honor Chief 
Justice Young, President, supported by Cols. Lowry and 
Martin, Judge Desbarres, Judge Jackson, U.S. Consul, 
Com. General Routh, Hon. M. B. Almon, Capt. Deveron, 
H.I.M. Ship Onandago, His Worship the Mayor, AI. B. 
Daly, Esq., President of the Charitable Irish Society, 
and many distinguished citizens and officers of the Army 
and Navy, James Forman, Esq., Vice-President, occupied 
the Vice Chair, supported by G. S. Yates, Esq., President 
of St. George's Society, and M. Liebman, Esq., President 
of the Germania Society, and other guests. The fine 
Band of the 4th Regiment was in attendance, and at 
intervals enlivened the company with sweet music. Nor 
were the sounds of the pibroch, so pleasing to a Scotch- 
man's ear, wanting. At about half-past nine the cloth 
was removed, when the drinking of the toasts began. 

The Queen — the mother of the people — God bless 


her. (Xational Anthem by the Band, and enthusiastic 
cheers from the company.) 

The Worthy President, in proposing this toast, said 
that he was about to propose the toast which on festive 
occasions Hke the present, rose unbidden to the hps of 
every Briton. The toast was received with unbounded 
enthusiasm, the whole company rising and singing the 
Xational Anthem. 

" The Prince and Princess of Wales, and the other 
members of the Royal Family." (Received with all the 
honors. Rule Brifaiiiiia.) 

" The Emperor of the French and the President of the 
United States." 

The Chairman, in proposing this toast, prefaced it 
with a few most appropriate remarks, and called upon 
the Captain of the French iron-clad now in our harbor, 
to respond on behalf of the former, and Judge Jackson 
on behalf of the latter. The Captain arose and grace- 
fully returned thanks on behalf of the nation which he 
represented, for the cordial manner in which the toast 
had been received ; expressed his sincere wish that the 
English, the French, and American nations might always 
continue to live in perfect harmony, and said he would 
bear a most lively recollection of the kindness he had 
received at the hands of the Halifax citizens during the 
long and cold winter. 

Judge Jackson, in responding to the toast of the Presi- 
dent, said he appreciated mostly highly the compliment 
which had been paid the American President and people, 
and on his and their behalf he begged to tender his most 
sincere thanks. He heartily joined with the Chairman 
and the gallant French Captain in the wish that the three 
nations spoken of Vv^ould ever cultivate towards each 
other feelings of friendship. He paid a high compliment 
to the position and resources of Xova Scotia, and said 
it was now a well established fact that the sails of her 
ships whitened every sea on the globe. 


" His Excellency the Governor-General and the 
Governors of the Sister Provinces." (Governor-Gen- 
eral's March.) 

This was received with the utmost enthusiasm. 

■■ His Excellencv Alajor-General Doyle : enjoying the 
esteem of all ranks throughout the Province — absent, 
but not forgotten." 

This was warmly received, as it deserved, for the 
General, although not a Scotchman, is a favorite with 
the " Sons of the Heather."' 

" The Army and Xavy. the Safety and Glory of the 
Empire." (Rule Britannia.) 

Col. Lowry, in replying to the former, regretted that 
in the absence of Governor Doyle and Col. Franklvn, it 
fell to his lot to reply on behalf of the Army. Governor 
Doyle, he said, from his long residence among us, had 
become a time-honoured institution. He had no fears 
whatever but that the Army would continue to do justice 
to itself in the future as in the past. He heartily con- 
curred in the wish expressed in regard to the subsistence 
of peaceful relations between the three great nations. 
Peace was the proper time to prepare for war ; he trusted 
war might never come, but should it, he felt confident 
the Colonies of England, whether in America or India, 
would be sending their Militiamen and \'olunteers, who 
were the backbone of the national defence, to aid the 
-Mother Country in fighting her battles. In concluding, 
he enjoined upon Xova Scotians the necessity of stand- 
ing true to Xew Brunswick and Canada. The people of 
Canada had ever defended and would ever continue to 
defend that brave old tiag, hallowed by so many recol- 
lections. It was, therefore, our duty and our interest 
as British subjects, to cultivate harmony and peace "svith 
our Sister Provinces. From these patriotic sentiments 
we deeply regret there was one man so un-British as 
openly to express his dissent. Thank God. so far as we 
could see. he was the onlv one. 


An officer of H.M.S. Cadmus replied on behalf of the 
Xavy. His remarks. thou,Qh brief, were both witty and 

The Chairman, after reading' a few very line verses 
of poetry, composed for the occasion by Thomas S. Reid, 
Esq., one of the Secretaries of the Societ\', then gave — 

" The Founders of the Society," 
which was responded to by Jas. Forman, Esq.. V.P., 
who gave a very interesting account of the Society, of 
which he has been a member about fifty years, and acted 
as its Vice-President so long ago as 1824. 

" The Masonic Body, with the members of St. 
Andrew's Lodge — having their origin on the same day, 
and celebrating this Centenary with ourselves." (Free 
Mason's Mar eh.) 

Hon. Mr. Keith reolied on l^ehalf of the Masonic 
body. He expressed regret that the Chairman did not 
belong to that body, which Avas the oldest and most 
honored fraternity on earth, and which had as its mem- 
bers : Kings, Princes. Potentates, Jews, Greeks, Gentiles, 
and Ethiopians ; and he hoped soon to propose the worthy 
Chairman as a candidate for Masonic honors. Alderman 
Xash responded briefly on behalf of St. Andrew's Lodge, 
which was also a Century old. 

" The Clergy of all Denominations." 

This was replied to by the Rev. G. ]\L Grant in his 
usual happy manner. He paid a fittine tribute to the 
Clergy, and especially to the Clergy of Scotland, who 
had done so much to elevate their country. He knew, 
he said, that the opinion that clergymen were a sort of 
petticoated gentry who must, like women, miners and 
Indians, never interfere in politics, was a widely extended 
one. In the history of Scotland there was a time when 
the Clergy showed themselves not unworthy of the 
people from whom they sprung, when they went forth 
with them and contended for what thev believed to be 


the true interests of religion, and no bribes, no rewards 
could induce them to swerve from that path. Now they 
had much more congenial duties to perform. Religion, 
he contended, was the backbone of every nation. 

Mr. Geo. Buist then sang in capital style: 
" Scots wha hae wi' Wallace bled."' 

The next toast w^as, — 

" The Legislature of the Province — may their pro- 
ceedings always be conducted in a spirit of patriotism, 
and redound to the public good. — (March.) 

Hon. M. B. Almon responded on behalf of the Legis- 
lative Council, and Hon. Robert Robertson for the House 
of Assembly, who said that never was there so much 
unity of action exhibited by any House as the present, 
and whose members, he believed, were actuated solely 
by the desire to advance the interests of the Province. 

" The ]\Iayor and Corporation." — (Corporation March.) 
This toast was responded to by Stephen Tobin, the 
Mayor, in his usual brilliant manner. He congratulated 
the Society, in the name of the citizens of Halifax, on 
the present auspicious occasion. He hoped the next 
centenary of the Society would find Halifax one of the 
greatest emporiums of the New World. From the inter- 
esting account given by the Chairman in his oration, and 
the remarks which had just fallen from the Vice-Chair- 
man, he said he was glad to learn that the Society, whose 
centenary they were then celebrating, had grown with 
the growth of the city and prospered with its prosperity. 
It was his ardent wish that it would continue to grow in 
numbers and usefulness, and that on the occasion of its 
next centenary the same flag would be seen waving on 
our streets, the same costume adorn its members, and 
the same toasts meet with, if possible, a more hearty 
reception, that had on the present occasion been accorded 


*' The Scottish Universities and the Literature of 
Scotland — enriched by a thousand associations." 

Eloquently responded to by Rev. Chas. M. Grant. 

" Our Sister Societies." 

This was briefly replied to by Mr. Daly, President 
of St. Patrick's Society. 

" The Bench and I5ar of Nova Scotia." 

Judp-e DesBarres responded. 

A. M. Uniacke, Esq., replied eloquently on behalf of 
the Bar. 

After a song from Mr. Stirling, 

" Our Guests — ^^"e bid them a hearty welcome," 
was proposed, and Avas responded to by Col. Martin, 4th 
Regiment, and b^^ John Tobin, Esq. 

" The Health of the President '" 

followed, and was received with great warmth by the 
company. It was responded to by that gentleman briefly 
but eloquently. 

Donald ^lurray, Esq., then proposed " Charity," 
coupled with the name of Hon. W. J. Stairs, which was 
briefly replied to by that gentleman. 

" The McGregor's Gathering " was then sung in 
beautiful style by Mr. Hedley. 

" The Fair Daughters of Acadia." 

This toast was drunk with the usual demonstrations ; 
but it will be difficult for the Society to get over their 
unpopularity with a certain portion of the fair sex, who 
were cruelly disappointed in not having the grand ball, 
which was promised them, and to which they so fondly 
looked forward. 

" The Land we live in. May she ever, like old Scot- 
land, be the home of the Brave and Free." 

" A nation famed for song and beauty's charms. 
Zealous (yet modest), innocent though free." 


His A\'orship the ]\Iayor was called on to respond to 
this toast, which he did with his usual good taste. 
" Good night and joy be with you all." 

A number of \'olunteer Toasts were then given, and 
a few songs capitally rendered. 

At about 12 o'clock the company sang " Auld Lang 
Syne," followed by the National Anthem, and then 
separated for their homes. 

So ended the celebration of the Centenary of the 
XoRTH British Society, completing the record of a 
Century of good work, of charity and patriotism, which 
have had a good eflfect in this City, and reflect honor upon 
Scotsmen who have composed our time-honored Insti- 
tution. Judging from these Records of its past useful- 
ness, its present position, wealth and numbers, it 
requires but little prophetic ken to augur that when the 
next centenary has rolled over our Society, with all the 
change, expansion and progress that may in that time 
be reasonably expected, the North British wdll then be 
not only the oldest, but the greatest of the National and 
Patriotic Institutions of the country, in being the guar- 
dian and patron of all objects of Scottish care, whether 
in the walks of charitv. art. literature or arms. 







26 IVIARCH, 186S 




Aiuleisoii. Alex. 
Bayiie, Tlioiiias 
Burus, Adam 
Camphell. -lolin B. 
Doull. A. K. 
lesson, George 
lesson, William 
Fonnan, James 
I'raser. l?obt. ^V. 

]Iallibiut(jii. .Joliii C. 

IMitcliell, George, P. 


McLeod, Alex. 

Primrose, Alex. 

Ross, Peter 

Sinclair. JoIdi A. 

Tliomsoii. .Tame.s (Barrister) 

Watt, John 


Amiand. William 
Alexander, George 
Anderson. George R. 
Adams. \V. O. 
J>rander, John 
liuist. (Jeorge 
Brenmcr. J. -F. 
Barton, Andrew 
l^rechin. Robert 
Jioyd, John 
Biunton. Robt. 
Bauld, W. H. 
( 'o\\ ie, Dr. 
Clarke, Robert D. 
Costley. .John 
(rook. John 

('iimpl)!-!!, J Juneau 
Doull. Jolin 

Fras( r. John W. 

Fraser. Donald 

Fraser. James 

Fraser. W. J. 

Fleming. Sand ford 

(iiaiit. Peter 

(;ianr. Peter (2iid) 

(uaiit. Duncan 

■2 a 

Grant. W. F. 
Grant. John X. 
Grant. Rev. C. M. 
(irant. Rev. G. M. 
Gibson, John 
Graham, Charles 
Gra.y, Robert 
Hunter, .James 
Hutton, J. Scott 
Inglis, Henry 
Johnston, John H. 
Johnston, William 
Keith, Hon. Alexander 
Keith, Donald G. 
Keith, Donald 
Keir. .James 
Jving, JJavid 
Little, George 
Lithgow, John 
Lawson, Professor 
Murray, Donald 
Murray, William 
•Murray, Hugh G. 
:\Iuir, John P. 
Muir, R. T. 
Moir. W. C. 



Moir. Alexander 
Maxwell. Rev. W. 
iloyce. Robert 
Mimro. Hugh 
jMunro, C4eorge 
^laleom, Robert 
^Montgomery. William 
IMacdonalcl, Rev. Charles 
Macdonakl, Prof. Ed. M. 
]\Iacdonald, Simon D. 
]\rDonald, Hon. James 
^FDonald. John 
INIaedonald, John 
^M'Donald, Alexaruder 
^Mackintosh, James C. 
ilacdonald, James S. 
^laclean, John S. 
Jlacle^in. George 
Maclean, Angus 
Macleod, Douglas 
Macleod, A. W. 
IMacleod, V,\ A. 
ilcLeod, Angus 
McQueen, Charles 
McKay, Adam 
McXee, John 
McKenzie. John 
^IcKerron. Wm. 
]McE\van, James 
]McLachlin, John 
^IcXab, Joseph D. 
ilcXab, John 
Macllreaith. Maurice 
IMaccoush, James 

Xoble. Robert 

Xoble. R. G. 

Xoble, Samuel 

Porter, George 

Rhind. William 

Riddle. James 

Ross, Donald 

Reid, Thos. S. 

Robertson, Hon. R. 

Sinclair. Arch. 

Scott, James 

Scott. Peter 

Strachan. John 

Sinclair. Charles 

Steinson. James 

Stephen. Alexander 

Stirling, David 

Sutherland, Dr. W. S. 

Sutherland, Alexan/dier 

Sutherland. John 

Thomson, James 

Thomson. Cathcai't 

Taylor. Capt. John 

Tajylor. John 

Taylor, Benj. A. 

Taylor, Geo. 

Taylor, Charles 

Wilson. J. R. 

Wallace. James 

Watson. John 

Wallacv>. Andrew 

\Miite, James 

Young, Hon. Chief Justice 

Young. John B. 




Aiulcrson. Chas. 

]'>;nr(ni, Alex. 

]>i()\vii. Jas. 

J'x'verly. ^Ynl. 

Cameron, John 

Cameron. Alex. 

Cameron, John -. 

Carrie. Geo. 

Crerar. John 

Drill io. John 

Fraser. John 

Fraser. ^^"m. .. . 

Fraser, Rod. 

Fraser, Alex. 

Falconer, David 

Forman, Robt. 

Grant, Robt. 

(ivay, James 

Griffin, Capt. 

Green, Donald 

Hay. Hon. J. C. Dalrymple 

Hope. Vice Admiral Sir Jas., 

Hunter. Capt. David 
Johnston. Capt. A. 
Johnston. David 
Malcom, James 
]\[ason. Capt. 

^latheson, James 
Miller, Wm., London 
Alillcr, Robt., London 
More, W. S. 
ilacdonald, Duncan 
McDonald. Alex. 
McKenna. W. D. 
McDonald, Arclid. 
McDonald. D. H., Dr. 
McDougall, !NL, 
jMcGregor, John 
Mcintosh, Robt.. 
McKay, Alex., 
McPhee, Alex. 
Munro, Frank 
iMunro, George 
jNIunro, Hugh 
Muir, Capt. Hugh 
Patterson, David 
Petrie, David 
Rankin, Xeii. 
Robertson. J. A. 
Scott , Alex., G 1 a sgo w 
Smith, ]\Iurdoch 
Smith, Wm. 
Waddell, Robert 
^^'addeIl, Duncan 







Till-: XoRTii r)RiTisii SociETV eiitcrcd upon a second 
Century of g-ood fellowship and Charity, in a position to 
outstri]) all previous records. 

W iili a splendid roll of members, embracing the lead- 
ing Scotsmen of the City, a large invested fund and a 
Century behind it of accumulated experience, memories 
and prestige contributed by generations of kindly, honor- 
able countrymen who had enjoyed its genial and elevat- 
ing friendshi]). its ])osition was influential and its 
])ros])ects brilliant and ])r()mising. 

At its head Chief Justice Young, the most brilliant 
lawyer of his time in IJritish America, subsequently a 
great benefactor of the Institution, assisted by a staff of 
office-bearers who each and all were active, enthusiastic 
and long identified with the Society. The various meet- 
ings during the year were well attended. The following 
were elected memljers at the May. August and November 
meetings : 

Alex. Finnic, Geo. Mitchell, 

W'm. Hedley, Geo. Thomson, 

J. T. McAlpine, Jos. Outram, Sr., 

W'm. Xisbet, R. Malcom, Jr., 

A\'m. IJauld, Dr. T. R. Fraser, 

Robt. Taylor, Jos. Outram, Jr., 

Jas. (joldic, Edward Morrison, 
J. C. Robertson, 
making 38 additions to the Roll for the 3-ear. 

The following were at the Annual Meeting elected 
Honorarv Members: 

Dr. Robt. Collins, .Staff Surgeon; 
W. J. Fraser. 

The Committee on Publication of Annals reported at 
August quarterly meeting that 300 copies had been 


printed during the recess at a cost of $300; that the work 
had l)een accompHshed to the satisfaction of the Society 
and all concerned. The Account was ordered to be paid, 
and the unanimous thanks of the Society voted to Jas. 
S. Macdonald for the volume of Annals he had compiled 
and issued, so soon after completion of Centenary of 

At the annual meeting, which was largely attended, the 
various reports presented were very satisfactory and 
encouraging. John Gibson was unanimously elected a 
Perpetual Member by payment of $40. 

The following were elected office-hearers for ensuing 
year : 

Charles Murdoch, Pirsidciif: 

Wm. Murray, Vicc-Prcsidoit: 

David Sterling, Scnr. Asst. J^irc-Prcsidcnt: 

Donald Murray, ///;/;-. do.: 

Jas. J. Bremner, Treasurer: 

Jas. S. Macdonald, ) 

^, c- -r, ■ -, I C)eere!anes: 

Thos. S. Reid, ' 

Geo. Esson, 

Alex. Stephen, 

Donald Keith, 

Maurice Mcllreith, 

Jas. Hunter, 

Jas. Steinson, ) 

. A r T 1 1 DGcIc Ihtes. 

Angus McLeod, ' 

John McKenzie, 1 j~,. 

John Patterson, I 

Capt. Robt. Brechin, Marshal: 

Rev. W. Maxwell, Chaplain: 

John Patterson, Messenger. 

The President elect, Charles Murdoch, was a gentle- 
man long connected with the Society, " rich beyond the 
dreams of avarice," and a brother of Wm. Murdoch, a 
recent benefactor. The compliment paid himself and 
family by his elevation to the Chair was greatly appre- 



ciated by Mr. Murdoch, and lie deterniined to fill his tenn 
with honor to himself and all concerned. The Festival of 
Saint Andrew, the g'reat occasion of the year, when the 
Society makes its annual grand appearance before the 
public, and uixmi which much of the success of the com- 
ing- year de])ends,— for a successful celebration means 
attracting new members to the Institution, — was the 
subject of great preparation. Four ])reparatory meet- 
ings were held at the Halifax Hotel, attended by a 
majority of the members. Each meeting was equal in 
good cheer and fellowship to an ordinary Society dinner. 
It is needless to sa}' a function so well prepared, proved 
a triumphant success. It was the first celebration in the 
second century of the Society's existence, and so import- 
ant a Festival had a record to make, to serve as a model 
and guide to all successors. It proved so, as it far sur- 
])assed in interest, in finish of detail and enthusiasm, all 
that had 'been heard of. even by the oldest mend)er. 

This long remembered Fhstinai, of St. Axdkf.w was 
held at the Halifax Hotel. The great dining hall, beauti- 
fully decorated for the occasion with banners, flowers, 
etc.. was packed 1)\- a most enthusiastic company. The 
President, Mr. [Murdoch, presided with dignity and effect, 
surrounded by the leading men of the Society, Commu- 
nity, Public I)e])artments, Army and Xavy, and other 
distinguished g-uests. In all about 140 were present. The 
dinner, a most elaljorate one, elegantly tabled, was a 
credit to the Hcssleins. 

The Hagi^is, a grand one. was duly honored bv the 
company rising as it entered, preceded by Pipers Mathe- 
son, McKenzie. and Patterson, who plaved it thrice 
around the comi)any before its final resting before the 
President at the head of the table. The strains of the 
Pibroch, exhilarating even on a distant hill, were particu- 
larly soul-stirring when ])Oured with might and main I)^• 
three such clansmen as those in charge of the Pipes at 
the dinner. 


At <; o'clock the clotli was reniT)\e(l and the honoring' 
of about 25 toasts followed, all pledi^ed in champagne, 
provided bv the President in honor of his elevation to the 
Chair of the Society. The wine was choice (Widow 
Cliquot). it flowed g'cneronsh'. unmarked bv excess on 
the part of anv member of the a])[)reciative company 
present. But e\"en a greater surjjrise was in store. 
AMien the President rose to propose the toast of "' Our 
Guests," he drew attention to a short poem he had com- 
posed for the occasion, a printed co])y of which was then 
furnished to each guest. In a few moments the distri- 
bution was com]deted. and the toast given by the Presi- 
• lent, after he had jjartly read the following, which was 
received enthusiastically : 



.\t the b^estiAal of St. Andrew's l^inner. 

We yive a hearty welcome to Our (Juests 

\\'l)o vie with us in all <>oo(l works. 
Praiseworthily let us this course pursue. 

And show the world are hearts are excr true. 

Tills ('liaritil)le So:-iety now requests 

Their fellow creatm-es. brither Scots. 
To read its rules, with honest hearts. 

And join us to relieve the Scots. 

They thin \\ill haxc it in their power 

To interpose with <iOod ett'ect. 
For cljinumts of the native soil. 

Or of Scotch ]>arentaj>e resjdini;' liere. 

The Scotchinen here in 17()S 

Did form themselv(s into a Sacred l);uid. 
To hel]) their hrithers from old Scotia's sharo. 

Who ~eek tlieii- fortune in new Scotia's laud. 

The present Chief Justice, thanks to him a native Scot, 

Deliv(red an oration no \era lani;' syne. 
Expatiating" an the guid effects of this Association. 

But he weel kens it's no perfection, 
Although a century in operation. 



Needless to say. the alxixx' created a bran new sen- 

lleaniisli .Murdoch, the l)rilhant Historian of .\o\-a 
Scotia, most ehxjuently res[)ontle(U and closed with pro- 
posinj^- the health of the President, which was feelingly 
acknowledged. The company separated at an early hour, 
after a most jo\dus and soul-stirring celebration of the 
Anni\-ersar\-, or as notices of early festi\"als of the 
.Societ\- ex])ress it on the ancient record, in great mirth, 
harnionw jollit}' and Scots feeling. 

Biographical Notes — 1868. 

lohn I'). Vouug. son of (ieo. R. ^'oung. a former Presi- 
dent, nephew of Sir W'm. Young, also a President, and 
grandson of Hon. John Young ( Agricola). who filled the 
Chair in 1827. was l^orn at Halifax in i83<;, studied Civil 
lingineering, and passed a splendid examination in 1864. 
Joined the Society in 1868; a popular and talented man, 
was unfortunatel}' lost in the steamer City of Boston, 
which left Halifax for Li\'erpool, (j.l)., Januar}' 28th, 
1870. and was never heard of after leaving port. His sad 
taking' off was izreatlv regretted bv the members. 

Rev. Charles .M. <irant, Ixirn in .\o\a Scotia. 1837, 
student for the .Ministry at iMlinbu.rgh. and came to 
Halifax in i8C)5 and was called to the charge of St. 
Andrew's Church. In 1870 he resigned and went to 
Scotland, and was selected by the India .Mission of the 
Established Church of Scotland to take charge of an 
important teaching ])ost in Madras. India. After several 
vears' service he returned to .Scotland, and was called 
to the important charge of the Martyrs Church, Dundee. 
He joined the Society in 1867. was elected Chaplain 1869. 
and while in Halifax took an actixe interest in the work 
of the membership. 



The meeting's this year were interestino; to all con- 
cerned, great interest being" manifested in the proceed- 
ings : the President, an ordinarily c|uiet and reserved 
gentleman, condnctine the business of the Society in a 
most unexpectedly vigorous manner. 

The following gentlemen were admitted members: — 
James Godfrev Smith ( an eminent member, who 
subsequently rendered great service to the Insti- 
tution, and whose father and grandfather Avere 
in their genrations distinguished for their zeal in 
the Society's interest). 
Donald Scott, A B. Aylmour, 

Andrew Leitch, Jas. A. Grant, 

Hon. \\'illiam Garvie, Rev. John Campbell, 
^^'alter ]\IcFarlane, E. H. Reeves, 

Robt. Brunton. 
The following were placed on the list of Perpetual 
r^Iembers during the year: 

Robert Xoble, 
Sandford Fleming, 
Capt. John Taylor, 
John Doull. 
At the Annual Meeting the subject of suppers l^eing 
discussed, it was decided in future to have one hot supper 
at the Annual fleeting, and at the remaining three Quar- 
terly Meetings, cold suppers. This subject appears to 
be up for discussion every third year, members not 
attending finding fault with ex])enditure for Society's 
good fellowship. 

The Treasurer's report showed $600 had been ex- 
pended by Charity Committee during the past year, and 
that the funds of the Society were steadily accumulating. 

The President received the thanks of the Society for 
his generous conduct as Chairman during the past year. 



The following- were elected office-bearers : — 

William Murray. President: 

David Sterling, ]lee-P resident; 

Wm. Montgomery, Senr. Asst. Vice-President; 

\Vm. Grant, J\inr. Asst. do.; 

J. J. Bremner, Treasurer; 

Jas. S. ^Macdonald, \ 

T-1 o T-) • 7 I Secretaries: 

Thos. S. Reid, ) 

A. K. Doull, N 

Geo. Mitchell, i ^ 

T o AT , I Con unit fee 

J. b. Maclean, \ ^x 

Geo. Esson, j Charity; 

Donald Keith,/ 

Douglas McLeod, Marshal; 

Patterson, and McKenzie, Pipers; 

John Patterson, Messenger. 
Over 70 members were present at the Annual Meet- 
ing. The supper which followed was a great success, 
the President winding up his term of office with his usual 
liberality. The verdict of the Society being, " It will be 
long ere we look upon his like again." 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was duly celebrated by 
the Society and guests dining together at the Halifax 
Hotel. President Murray well discharged his duties as 
Chairman, Wm. Montgomery filling the Vice-Chair. 
Toast, song and sentiment filled the time until i a.m., 
when the company separated, well pleased with a most 
satisfactory celebration of the Annual Festival. 

It proved the last meeting of the President with the 
Society, as he was lost in the ill-fated " S.S. City of Bos- 
ton," w^hich left Halifax for Liverpool, G.B., at noon on 
28th January, 1870, and was never heard of after leaving 
port. Tw^o hundred perished with her, among them three 
esteemed members, viz. : — The President, Wm. Murray, 
A. K. Doull, and John B. Young. 



Biographical Notes — 1869. 

\\'illiam Murray, a nati\e of Dornoch, Sutherland- 
shire, Scotland, a leading dry-g-oods merchant, was 
one of tlic most popular and upright men in Halifax. 
He was ever loyal to the Society, and induced many of 
the younger men of the communitv to join its ranks. 
He was widely known throughout the Province, and his 
death was the cause of great regret. 

John C. Halliburton, born at Halifax, 1801, son of 
Sir Brenton Halliburton, President of the Society in 1818, 
and grandson of Hon. Dr. Halliburton, who was elected 
President in 1787. was long connected with the Bar of 
Xova Scotia, having been admitted in 1829, and was for 
fifty years Clerk of Council. He joined the Society in 
1838, was elected a Perpetual ^Member in 1866, and ever 
was ready with advice or purse to forward any move- 
ment of a patriotic or benevolent object. Air. Halliburton 
died in 1884. 


The quarterly meetings were held at the Halifax 
Hotel, and were well attended. In the absence of the 
President, the A'ice-President, David Sterling, conducted 
the business to the satisfaction of the Society. 

The following gentlemen were elected Ordinary [Mem- 
bers during the year: 

Robert Baxter, C. A\\ Anderson, 

Jes. Reeves, Jr., \^^ C. Anderson, 

John McCulloch, Rev. Jas. Fraser Campbell. 

Lieut. -Col. McKenzie, 78th Highlanders, was elected 
to the honorarv list. 




Resolutions of svinpathy with families of the Presi- 
dent, AMlliam Murray. A. K. Doull. Chairman of Com- 
mittee of Charity, and John B. Young-, were passed, the 
two first particularly regretted, as they had long been 
leading mend^ers of the Institution. 

At the Annual Meeting the following were chosen to 
direct the Society for 1871 : 

Donald Murray, President: 

Geo. Buist, Jlcc-Prcsidciif: 

John P. Muir. Seiir. Asst. Jlcc: 

Adam McKay. Jiiiir. Assf. do.: 

Jas. J. Bremner, Treasurer: 

Tas. S. Macdonald, j ^ • 

^, o -n • 1 i Secretaries: 

1 hos. S. Reid, ( 

Robt. F. WzXX. Marshal: 

Geo. ^litchell, 

Donald Scott. 

John S. ]\Iaclean, 

Alex. Stephen, 

Donald Keith, 

Rev. John Campbell, Chaplain: 

Patterson and McKenzie, Pipers: 

John Patterson, Messenger. 

At the Annual Supper eleven officers of the 78th 
Highlanders were present ; they came accompanied by 
four pipers; quite a lively meeting. Scottish wit, song, 
sentiment and music, all contributing to a most enjoy- 
able evening. The Festival of Saint Andrew was dulv 
celebrated by the Society and guests, numbering 100. 
dining together at the Halifax Hotel. The President. 
Donald ]\Iurray, in the chair. Geo. Buist. Vice. Among 
the distinguished guests were Col. McKenzie and several 
officers of the 78th Highlanders then in garrison ; the 
Lieutenant-Governor, Chief Justice Young, and a large 
number of prominent men passing through the City at 

Committee of Charity; 



the time. The toast Hst was disposed of by 2 a.m.. and 
proved a- most enjoyable celebration. The Regimental 
pipers were there in force, and gave in concert several 
fine pieces of Highland music, which were greatly appre- 


Under perhaps the most popular President that has 
ever filled the Chair of the Society, the Institution was 
kept well to the front. It was an eventful year, marked 
bv the celebration of the Centenary of Sir Walter Scott, 
and the warm Scottish feeling thereby evoked. The 
President, by his ardor and enthusiasm, attracted many 
of his countrymen to the Societ}'. as the following list 
of members, elected during the year, shows most unmis- 
takablv : 

A\'. ^Nlyers Gray, 
John Snnith, 
Donald Reid, 
Robt. Scott, 
Howard ^Maclean, 
Alex. W. .AlcXab, 
AVilliam Tavlor, 

AA'. C. Menzies, 

J. Brenton Gordon, 

Chas. Sutherland, 

AA m. Hood, 

Robt. AW Alacdonald, 

John ]\Iuir, 

John Cormack, 

John D. Mackintosh, Angus G. IMacdonald, 

A. F. ^[uir, 
Andrew Dewar, 
John Donald, 
Dr. A. P. Reid, 
Saml. Crawford, 
John Cairns. 
G. H. Middleton, 
Geo. H. Taylor, 
Jas. Harold, 
John Ewing, 
AA"m. Bishop, 

AA'illiam Johnston, 
H. Porteous, 
Dr. Gordon, 
Archibald Miller, 
John Campbell. 
W. A. Hendry, 
Tohn Mclnnes, 
Thos. H. ^litchell, 
John Hunter, 
Jas. Hutton, Jr., 
Robt. Cunningham. 

Geo. AA\ T. Clarke. 



And the following' were elected Honorary Members 

Capt. Graham, 

Colin MacKenzie, 


Finlay, I ySth 

Stuart, Hiislilaiidcrs. 

Lieut. Callender, 
Lieut. Fordyce, 
Bandmaster McElheny. J 
Hon. Chas. J. Campbell, 
John Crook, 
Capt. Jamieson, R.N., 
Sir Hugh Allan. 

This year copies of the Annals of the Society were 
presented to sister Canadian Societies, the 78th Regi- 
mental Library, and in various ways disposed of in the 
interests of the Society by the office-bearers, by direction 
of members. 

Letters of condolence were sent to families of John 
B. Campbell and Peter Grant, Senr., leading member^s 
recently deceased. Few societies have had the good for- 
tune of having such enthusiastic members as those 
recently lost. 

The celebration of the Sir Walter Scott Centenary 
was taken charge of by the Society and was a magnificent 
success. The presence of the 78th Highlanders in the 
City added greatly to the interest of this great Scottish 

Several special meetings were held early in the sum- 
mer to arrange for the due carrying out of the matter, 
and on August 15th a splendid programme was presented 
and cai:ried out most successfully and enthusiastically. 

The Hon. Sir \\'m. Young was Hon. Chairman. 
President ^Murray, Hon. Alex. Keith, President of High- 
land Society of Xova Scotia, the Col. and officers of the 


78tli Highlanders, and all the leading Scottish element of 
the Province participated. Thos S. Reid, Asst. Secre- 
tary of the Society, was elected Hon. Secretary, and upon 
him fell most of the labor and anxiety incumbent upon 
such a celebration. The programme was a grand one. 
On Tuesdav morning a magnificent procession of all the 
Scotchmen of the City formed at Province Building, 
embracing: The Xorth British Society, the Highland 
Society, the Scottish Rifles, the Caledonian Club. Col. 
MacKenzie. Officers and 700 men of the 78th Highland- 
ers, with 16 Pipers, and representatives of Scottish clubs 
throughout the Province. 

The march led to Temperance Hall, which was packed 
bv a most enthusiastic auditory. On the splendidly- 
decorated platform Chief Justice Young presided, sup- 
ported by the Lieut.-Governor. Sir C. Hastings Doyle, 
and surrounded by the grandest Scottish company ever 
assembled in Halifax. In introducing the orator of the 
day, Sir William spoke of the great fortune of the Society 
in having a member so fitted by birth, education and 
devoted admiration of Scott to pronounce the eulogy, as 
the Hon. AMlliam Garvie. It may here be mentioned 
that the selection of an orator for the occasion was left 
with a committee of three members of the Society — 
three of the most eloquent men on the continent. — Sir 
A\'m. Young. Rev. G. }il. Grant and Hon. W'^m. Garvie. 
with the understanding that one of the three would 
accept the honor. The subject was a grand one. " Tlic 
Genius of Scoff." and either of them was eminently fitted 
to cover himself with glory in i:)resenting the enchanter. 
A wise selection was made in the choice falling on Garvie. 
for this particular occasion, as he was the most naturally 
fitted for the position. Of commanding presence, agree- 
able manner, good gesture, with a ])leasing Scottish 
accent, which added a resonant richness to the defined 
tones of a naturallv well modulated voice, an unlimited 



command of most expressi\-e lansr-uage. combined with 
choice imagery, made him the very beau ideal of an orator 
on such an interesting and patriotic occasion. His eulogy 
on Sir Walter Scott was pronounced his finest effort, and 
is one of the few remains of a talented countryman who 
bade fair, had he survived, to have stood foremost in the 
ranks of the most brilliant orators of his time. His early 
death was greatly deplored by the Society and Nova 

After Sir William Young's brilliant introduction, the 
Hon. \Mlliam Garvie spoke as follows. Although, of 
course, he had studied the matter as one which would 
naturally survive him, it was delivered free of note, or 
any accessory help whatever, and to his applauding 
audience appeared the very inspiration of the moment: 


Mr. Chief Justice, Your Exeellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

When I was first asked to perform the responsible 
duty which has fallen upon me this morning, it was my 
hope and expectation that I should not be to a great 
extent unsupported. I had the hope that at this celebra- 
tion Halifax would have presented upon this platform 
two other gentlemen whose ability and eloquence and 
literary attainments would not only have relieved me of 
a very large portion of the responsibility of which I speak, 
but would have accumulated a greater degree of 
attraction and of success in the occasion, a part of which 
through their exertions I should share. The names of 
the esteemed and patriotic countrymen mentioned were 
a warrant to all who knew them of eloquent and able and 
patriotic and instructive addresses ; and it is with the 
sincerest possible regret that I find that their views, as 
to their own duties, and their own responsibilities, 
preclude them from coming forward and giving me that 
gallant assistance they know so well how to afiford. High 


calls of duty in their professional walks, arduous work in 
their conscientious and important trust in the representa- 
tive assemblies of the Church are, I understand, the 
reasons why I am deprived of the advantage of the asso- 
ciation of these gentlemen to-day. And I feel this all 
the more as I stand here now, never having overcome to 
a great extent the nervousness with which I always face 
a public assemblage. Standing here and feeling that the 
subject is in so many respects too vast for me, with all 
this array of fashion and beauty and talent. I almost need 
the inspiration with which the Chief Justice discoursed 
upon the presence of the ladies, and almost desire my- 
self to be a Chief Ji-istice, so well to be able to speak as 
boldly upon so delicate a subject (applause and laugh- 
ter), standing here addressing this audience upon a 
subject which it is impossible for any man adequately 
to touch upon or discuss. Coming in this morning, my 
friend, the President of the Highland Society, Donald 
Ross, handed me this talisman of his country, this bunch 
of heather, with which to inspire my failing courage ; and 
if further inspiration were needed — perhaps in my case, 
not being a Chief Justice, it was derived from those mar- 
tial strains which thrilled every heart in this assemblage 
— the music of my sires, the music to which they marched 
over craig and steep to battle in the olden times, the airs 
which led them to stand up for Scotland, and to do their 
best, as I shall tr}- to do to-day. (Applause.) The scene 
around me recalled an occasion of my boyhood in Edin- 
burgh when that great ca]iital shone forth upon a grey 
and gloomy morning, such as was this, years ago, to 
inaugurate the monument of Walter Scott, in Princes 
Street, to place the crowning finish on that splendid 
sculptured gothic ideal by the great magician's statue. 
Walking through the streets of Royal Edinboro', every 
peak and turret in her ancient walls flaunting with ban- 
ners like the lists at " Ashby de la Zouche," every grey 
pinnacle was covered with the memorials of a Scottish 


i^reatncss that has not departed ; the old castle looming 
up, and all ready to break forth and join in the applause 
of the people, the flower of the Scottish nobility — a great 
crowd — marching along, under one of the concomitants 
of such important occasions, a Scotch mist ; with the roar 
of old historic guns upon the parapets, the canvas fell 
awav before the touch of the ladies, and out came the 
mar]:)le proportions of the wizard, in his habit, as he 
lived, and out came a roar of applause from that great 
crowd. It was more than the mere idle clamour of the 
street; it came right up from every Scottish heart along 
that mile of moving crowd. (Applause.) Why was all 
that then, and why is this to-day? A\'ho was this 
enchanter that can never die, it seems? Who was this 
man who communicated to the world a motion like the 
first motion to the moving water, which makes every 
succeeding circle larger? Who was this soldier, or cap- 
tain, or statesman? This was 'the man, who more than 
soldier or than statesman perhaps, raised the renown of 
Scotland in these latter days. This, to-day. is a mark 
that the world has widened slowly down perhaps, but 
still broadly, from precedent to precedent, and that 
unlike as in olden time, the homage of a people, the 
immortality of a nation's homage were only given to men 
who had led the battalions to the field, or who had 
advised in the counsels. Now society comes forth to do 
a freer and a franker and a greater homage to the man 
who has gone into their homes, heightened their imagin- 
ations, and glorified their lives with beauty and with the 
sense of higher emotion and with mighty intellectual 
ideas. And that is the reason why we meet to-dav, why 
not only Scotchmen but all men speaking the English 
language meet. Upon this day one hundred years ago 
Sir Walter Scott was born ; and there was little thought 
perhaps then in the world of the mighty revolution to be 
wrought in letters, since Europe had just finished her 
seven years' war, and her soldiers were at rest. The 


intellectual world was stilled. Upon that day, upon the 
very afternoon that Scott was born, a young- Lieutenant 
of Artillcrv, a young cadet in a French military school, 
was entertainine; his comrades to celebrate his own birth- 
day ; upon that afternoon X'apoleon Buonaparte, a young 
artilleryman celebrating his own birthday, was already 
dreaming of that greatness which should illuminate 
Europe, and which the pen of Scott should memorialize. 
Upon that morning another poet, a schoolboy, one Robt. 
Burns, was walking to Dalyrmple school with a stolen 
volume of " Peregrine Pickle," perhaps, under his arm, 
and Smollett, who had given to Scotland one of the part- 
ing lustres of that century, was slowly dying, leaving the 
stage clear for the coming genius. The English lan- 
guage, as far as regards poetry and fiction, had been sink- 
ing down from high ideals. The fiction of that age, 
excepting the racy and strong English of Fielding and 
Smollett, had become gross as the time was, and where it 
was not gross it had been so covered over and mildewed 
with sickly sentimentality, that, perhaps, the grosser 
reading was the better. The poets of the age had sunk 
into a spurious classicism, calling things not by honest 
names, but borrowing these from an older time, having 
no fitness to the sullen British skies, and having no 
reference to the comforts and improvements of British 
life, having their origin among the marble ruins of Greece. 
Under those circumstances, perhaps, one of the greatest 
writers that attracts our attention, and in some respects 
attracts mostlv mv own, is that " Junius " who took the 
language which W^alpole was wasting in gossip and 
Chesterfield using for the maxims of a dancing master ; 
and, as the " Great Unknown " was forging that same 
language to the most powerful political instrument. 

It is perhaps unnecessary for me to proceed, Mr. 
Chairman, after your careful and accurate survey of his 
boyhood and early life, to speak at any great length about 
the incidents in the personal history of A\'alter Scott. He 


was a Borderer, although born in Edinburgh ; he had all 
the spirit of his roving race, — dull at books, dull at 
Greek, and forgetting even its alphabet; very much like 
the sons of that old Douglas who regretted that he had 
ever taught one of them to read or write, except the boy 
bishop, Gawian. He would not touch a book unless it 
were a collection of border ballads, having seem- 
ingly in school nothing to do but forget his lessons, if he 
got them, and to keep only these appointments for fight- 
ing in the playground, which are perhaps the sternest 
and severest duties of any boy that goes to school in 
Edinburgh. A lame lad was he indeed, but the border 
spirit placed him on one foot while he fought with the 
other, and to give the lame boy fair play they used to 
bring a plank into the playground and lash the boys 
together, so that the lame lad should have steadfast sup- 
port. He was then taken home in his sickly boyhood, 
when men might despair that he would live at all. It 
was expected that he would be a mere waif in the current 
of Edinboro' society. . He was led away out of the high 
school, for Providence did not intend him to edit a new 
Greek grammar, but meant him to illuminate the south 
of his country with his genius, and sent him from the 
High School to study. Lying at length on the Braes of 
Selkirk, and listening to the roar of the Tweed, voung 
Scott caught that inspiration which all of us admire, the 
voice of his ancestry on the night-rolling breath of the 
gale, stirring his heart. And if he could not imitate, at 
least he could commemorate the martial valor displaved 
in times of old. 

Possibly the Chief Justice might object, if I were to 
suggest that, as the next best substitute for lifting 
English cattle over the borders, the taking from his 
neighbor his neighbor's goods, Walter Scott became a 
lawyer. Looking simply to the elevation of his son in 
the social scale, he himself a writer to the signet, doing 
a fair practice among the lords and country gentlemen 


who frequented Edinburgh, his father chose that the son 
should walk the floors of the Parliament House ; and 
young Scott went to the Bar, with what success the 
Chairman has informed this audience ; and at the Bar, 
perhaps, was far more noted for the excellence of his 
stories and for the eagerness with which he caught from 
some old witness from the borders her muttered memo- 
ries of an old-time ballad, than for any careful inquiries 
into points of law. the innumerable and terrible and 
mysterious epithets of Scottish jurisprudence. It is clear 
that Providence did not intend this man to remain over 
desk and over deed, and taking to the law as I am proud 
to say many a great man did in Scotland, because, 
although it may be the Lybian desert, it is the arid nurse 
of many a lion, taking to that uninviting profession, Scott 
was, even then, training his genius to take in all the sides 
of the Scottish character, and one can scarcely begrudge 
him the four years that he walked with idle hands and 
empty pockets through Parliament House, when we 
remember that in return for that he got but four hundred 
pounds for his famous character in Red Gauntlet, Peoples 
vs. Plainstaincs and Counsellor Pleydell, which charmed 
not only his own generation, but this, and will later ones. 
And having that legal training, he was enabled to obtain 
such appointments as formed for him the stafT on which 
he could rest his domestic cares, and give his right hand 
to the labors that he loved — to the field of literature. It 
rs a remarkable thing in his young training, that burly, 
hearty and passionate young Scotchman that he was, he 
had his whole life so regulated by a high standard of 
moral control, he had all his emotions so well disciplined, 
and after a youthful disappointment he remembered that 
he was not only a Scotsman, but bound to be a Scottish 
gentleman, and, unlike Byron, who turned and mutilated 
all the purer and all the lovelier elements in woman's 
nature. Scott, instead of writing a Don Juan, produced in 
his writings only a higher ideal of womanhood to grace 


his song- and to sparkle forth in the pages of his romances. 
Pierced to the heart as he was, his agony brought forth 
the pearl alone. So in Scott's case, although his love had 
such a hold upon his nature that, thirty years afterwards, 
he could scarcely write her name in his journal without 
the deepest thrill of emotion, yet in all his lines of 
romantic song, and in his passages of romantic story he 
has never sneered at womanhood ; has never violated the 
sacred sanctity that surrounds with matchless grace the 
better half of society. 

At thirty years of age Scott was perhaps, in the eyes 
of the world, nothing better than an unsuccessful 
humorist, and a moderately talented Edinburgh lawyer. 
"But just about that time he recalled to his mind the 
earlier exercise of his manhood, in German stories and 
German legend, and resolved to show from the stores of 
his own land to the world those ideals of chivalry, those 
principles of liberty, that chivalrous devotion to woman, 
and that undying love of country which accounted for 
the first time to many in the world for the higher features 
of the Scottish character. Then the transition came 
easily to his own chivalrous " Lay of the last Minstrel." 
The man who had done so well, whose wizard touch can 
be recognized in the setting of many an old moss trooping 
song, could pass most easily to an epic of Scottish history 
himself, and took at once, and with a marvelous readi- 
ness and stride, his place in the charmed circle of Scottish 
poets as its second Scottish epic bard. He had not 
Homer's rank, for that was Ossian's. He, like Homer, 
could set the battle in array better than any man that 
never dropped the lance to lift the pen. He, more than 
any man, could make the bosom thrill to read the glowing 
page, to see there the fight between two men like dark 
Roderick and the knight of Snowdon, where every point 
and every attitude, and every breath seems instinct with 
the fury of the combat ; or else, with the magnificent 
blazonry of a great enchanter, call up again with the 


magic of his wizard glass that closing scene in Marmion, 
where the standards reel and sway and toss, and pennons 
fall and rise again, and the ranks of men clash, co-mingle 
and break, and return and break again like a vast volume 
of water upon the sullen craigs. I have spoken of the 
great old father of all epic song, the first recorder of 
martial deeds, he who saved Agamemnon from that 
obscurity which rested on others as great as he, be- 
cause they had no poet. He stands up in the early dawn 
of poetry with the roseate flush of early human renown 
upon his shoulders. And so it is with Ossian. There is 
a scene in Germany where, if a man stands on the brink 
of a precipice, and looks before him, there rises a spectral 
vision of another, greater, grander and loft'er than him- 
self, yet so like him that it proves the shadow of himself. 
And take a moss-trooper from Scott's pages, take one of 
those tartaned warriors in front of me and place them in 
front of the misty poetry of Ossian, at once will rise, like 
the spectre of the Brocken, a martial figure like theirs — 
their tartaned ancestry, fresh from the feast in the " hall 
of shells " shadowy and misty, but still, although gigantic, 
yet the same. And as we stand here to-day, this martial 
garb of old Gaul links the 19th century to the heroes that 
followed the wild boar with Ossian and Fingal and his 
son Osca over the hills of the \\ estern Isles. If I were 
to regard Scottish poetry as typified by a Scottish moun- 
tain. I would give to Ossian the awful mists that cap the 
highland hills, give Burns the torrent, the lea rig and the 
hazel glen, but give to W^alter Scott the fortalice and 
those old jeweled windows that crowned the crags ; cive 
him the feudal splendor that, when the night comes down. 
illuminates their battlemented walls ; give him the 
glamor of the moonlight on ^lelrose Abbey that hides 
all that turns into ruin in the dark and brings out only 
like his own magic verse those fairy and beautiful stone 
memorials that teach men how to live and how to love 
and how to pray. 


It might be perhaps supposed that one could go at 
some length into the character of Scott's poetic writings, 
for which, as has been already noticed, I have not claimed 
the highest place, but time will not permit. The great 
charm of his writing has been this, however — and it 
extends also to his prose reputation — that in modern 
literature he stands the great interpreter, the great his- 
torian, so to speak, of feudalism. He has caught all that 
was chivalric and grand and glittering in feudalism, not 
only out of Scottish history and among the Scottish hills, 
but over the broad continent of Christendom, and brought 
it glowing with the matchless splendor that it won on the 
dusky shores of old romance, to shine still more splen- 
didly in the later light of this 19th century. Walter 
Scott, as the poet of feudalism, may be understood at 
once. Scotchmen generally seek to interpret him as the 
exponent exclusively of Scottish feeling and of Scottish 
impulse ; but perhaps I may, before I close, show that in 
some respects the feudalism that existed in Scott's nature 
carried him away from too closely and too accurately 
appreciating those elements in the Scottish character 
which have not been observed by feudal recollections. 
His artistic spirit made him take up the barren moors 
in the debatable lands of the borders, and out of these 
to form a scene of enchantment which surpasses in its 
splendour even that history of the heraldic field of the 
Cloth of Gold. What has Scott done for Scotland? I 
may say with reverence that Scott has done in these latter 
times almost everything for Scotland ; Scott has made 
that land famous to the ends of the earth. Her sons 
have no doubt done much for her, but it was Scott's place 
to save for humanity in its highest perfection, those better 
features of Scottish nature and Scottish history which 
mankind cannot willingly let die, and yet his poetry was 
but the porch to his greater genius. His novels, his 
greatest masterfield of fiction, was the widest, the most 
imperial domain in which he laid tribute upon the historv 


of Europe, and of which he gave in bounty to the pos- 
terity of the world. Scott, writing up the romances of 
his country, seems to me in many respects to resemble 
that ancestor of his, Sir Michael Scott, the wizard buried 
in his grave, having his book of might within his clasp. 
M'hen William of Deloraine lifted the slab and let forth 
midnight from the wizard's grave, out shone the un- 
earthly splendor of a mighty Scottish wizard, and the 
wonder of his book of might filled with secrets of glamor 
and secrets of splendor, of all that was wonderful in the 
magic of mediaeval times, rested in a hand that could 
never feel the grave, rested upon a bosom that the Earth 
itself could not consume. He seemed, as the poet says, 
as if he had but been one day dead, resting there with 
his book of might. But what, after all, was the genius of 
Sir Michael, sitting in his cell in Salamanca, which set the 
great bells ringing and rolling in Xotre Dame, when Sir 
Walter Scott, sitting in Abbotsford, might wave his pen 
and make the whole world thrill with its reverberations, 
one part of which is felt in this hall to-day? (Applause.) 
AMiy, it was because he had not the incantation of an 
alchemist, but the divine gift of genius. And this is a 
mark in this latter age that genius now has come forward 
before the people as the object of homage, as the object 
of society's applause, of society's earnest endeavor to 
retain, and so to speak, give to it a charm of immortality. 
Sir Walter Scott took his readers to the barren moor- 
land, to the wide and traceless waste, nothing perhaps 
but the solitary gloom from gathering thunder clouds 
illuminating the scene, broken it might be here and there 
by nameless burns, and here and there perhaps could be 
tracked on the waste of moor and heather, a headless 
cross, a ruined shrine without a name and with a half 
forgotten history. Look at that great moor and see 
Scott's eye kindle as he gazes toward the glittering tarn 
and all above the purple fells, and then see as the genius 
works him. that the purple fells appear to him the 


tossing- of the clansmen's tartans, and that the broad 
lakes glittering in the sun seemed to him the polished 
targes of the border ; and see, here come the men whose 
very names sound like the lines through a book of the 
Iliad. Rough and ready the names may be, as were thos^ 
of all the rough and ready border chiefs ; still their names 
have been made immortal. These men, from the ranks 
up to the leaders, to the bold Buccleuch, to Home, and 
Murray, and all the chiefs, the Elliots and Armstrongs — 
renowned in the history of the Scottish borders — these 
men come trooping before our gaze, and with them the 
haughty dames and fair maidens, the Duchess, the Lady 
Margaret, and all that charmed and glorified the social 
life of Scotland in the feudal times, come back again 
like shadows in a magic glass before the call of the 
enchanter. That itself would have been a reputation 
that would have been worth resting upon and trusting to 
an immortality. But Scott again was led, and as one 
might say, so strangely are the lives of men laid out 
before them by hand of Fate, almost by accident again 
to walk beyond the Gothic porch of his genius. Looking 
in a drawer of fishing tackle he finds the manuscript of an 
old story he had commenced. A few weeks finished it, 
and going ofif upon his fishing excursion, he comes back 
to find the whole land ringing with the wonder and 
renown of this unknown new planet that had swum into 
the literary vision of Edinboro' and of Britain. Coming 
back to find himself unexpectedly famous and unaware 
how to meet it, resolving to keep a secret that he had 
never first meditated, putting forth Waverley, flinging it 
forth carelessly, not as Sir Philif) Francis threw down 
the jewels in the King's Court, that he durst not stoop 
down to lift, but throwing it forth with carelessness and 
lavish ease characteristic of his genius, into English 
society, he found from that hour the novel of Waverley 
had concentrated in one bond Scotland and England. 
And pardon me if on this occasion I put my own land 


first. For what was the act of ParHament to Waverley? 
Scott and Waverley took up the old sores that men still 
felt from the field of " Culloden " — took them up and 
justified the ardent chivalry of the Scottish clansmen, 
and justified them to Englishmen, and made Englishmen 
admire what for so long a time they had frowned down 
upon and tried to repress. Say that Scott was not a 
benefactor to his country! Say, indeed, that he is a mere 
shallow novelist, whose mission is to please the idle hour 
of a lady in her bower, or to charm a schoolboy from his 
desk ! Scott in Waverley forged the last link of an indis- 
soluble union between the two races that had contended 
for centuries, and with whom the union was not even 
then perfect till he wrote. In the noblest conduct be- 
tween foeman and foeman, either on the border or in the 
passes of the highlands, he who has given such ideals of 
excellence in all respects, he who has brought before us 
some of the most romantic characters of the olden time 
as faithfully and strikingly as they can be brought from 
the shadow of the grave — a man who has done that can 
never cease to be appreciated, because were we who 
inherit his language and tradition to forget him, the 
nobler and greater races that in that case would suoplant 
us, would take up the wondrous tale which he has written. 
Looking over, the other day, the pages of Carlyle, and 
in many respects deriving instruction from the glowing 
criticisms with which that great master spirit valued his 
countryman, it seemed to me that he undervalued, in this 
respect, Scott's great place in human civilization. He 
seemed to think that because Scott was simply the 
devoted historian of feudalism, that as feudalism was 
dying, so would die Scott's immortalitv. But therein he 
made a mistake. In the old houses in England, there 
arc portraits not only of the men of the court of Victoria, 
but of Elizabeth also ; and although the fashion of the 
time is gone, although the very dress is changed, although 
their relations with the rest of the world have passed 


through a " sea of change," I say that there is not one 
great house that would take down the portrait of an 
EHzabethan admiral, or Stuart cavalier, or Cromwellian 
ironside, and put them away because there are no such 
men now. There never will be feudalism in America. 
It is the great mission of this mighty continent to take 
up the results of the old world's experience, and inter- 
pret them into nobler and grander ideas. Nova Scotia 
itself was destined for feudalism. 

When King James gave us that banner which we 
gave us to understand that feudal castles, with moats 
love, when he gave Sir Wiliam Alexander a charter, 
which is the title of many a baronet of Xova Scotia, ha 
and drawbridges, should be placed as a new production 
in the new world, but even at that time feudalism had 
commenced to feel the approach of a wider light — it was 
struggling like the starlight with the dawn, and the men 
that rose to fight against it at Edgehill, Naseby and 
Marston Aloor, were the men who opposed the introduc- 
tion into Xova Scotia of a system that had been woni 
out in the older country ; and yet, though having no 
feudalism here, and never likely of ourselves to raise 
another AValter Scott, we want to have him from the other 
side. We cannot do without him. There is a little trace of 
Acadian simplicity and rustic romance, but that is all ; 
and upon the high sea wall of Blomidon there rises no 
Tantallons hold ; there is no knightly pennon, nothing 
in the way of a conquering, flaunting symbol of victory, 
more striking, perhaps, than that pennon which Autumn 
flings out on the air, of scarlet and crimson and gold, to 
celebrate the victory over the queenly summer whom 
he has stricken down in her green-wood fortress, and 
with whose waving banners he fans her sunshine cold. 
But we have no such feudalism — yet have we nothing to 
preserve Scott for? Are there no knightly lessons from 
his works, to be carried into other than border strifes, 
in interpretation of the feelings which will be lost in 


every age, so long as there is intelligent and cultivated 
beauty, such as I see before me, and so long, I may say, 
as there is youth and indeed Chief Justices to admire it. 
To understand the force and place that Scott once occu- 
pied in English literary history, perhaps it will be best 
to note one or two incidents from his life. It may best 
explain why his countrymen looked to him as having 
the glamour of an enchanter. " The splendour, indeed, 
falls on castle walls and snowy summits old in song," 
and. perhaps, as Scotsmen here, our duty first is to thank 
him for interpreting to the world those great features 
of our characters developed in our history. The cautious 
and the crafty Scot has been long known, but under- 
neath this cautious self-restraint there glows a fervour, 
a gallantry, a wild impulse of a chivalrous spirit, which 
lived even in the last age of the Latin language before 
it had ceased to vibrate in living Europe. The records 
of Roman renown won from Ca3sar's sword had learned 
to distinguish even in its dying classic phrases the fervid 
spirit of the Scot. Men asked how can this spirit exist 
with the caution and with the cold reser\'e with which 
they credit us? Look you but at the mountain peaks 
and the Alpine summits, and see the snows that have 
clung there for centuries. What can be more enduring 
than those mightv fields that cap the pinnacles of Jung 
Frau? The wind never breaks the outline with which 
thev meet the first flush of the morning; the sun that 
melts the very sands of Sahara never breaks his way 
beyond the spell-bound regions of their enchanted cold. 
They are the race that poured from the mountain, — 
learned their reserve and their self restraint from those 
enduring altitudes. But let the air vibrate, or some- 
times even a child's touch upon a tottering crag be given, 
and then the roar of thunder, mile after mile, like the 
mighty thunders of the firmament themselves break out, 
crash reverberating upon crash, and rolling boulder and 


pine trees all before it down to the e'orges and abysses 
and streams below, swelling the old lake of Switzerland, 
riinnino; Rhinewards or Rhonewards, to increase the 
markets of the world, and to carry on brown rafts down 
the Rhine the red and luscious g^rape. Scottish fervor 
is of the mountains, and the mountains have taught the 
Scots their nature. I may be pardoned if I say that the 
very race that have been called cold and cautious and 
reserved, have at the same time won for themselves that 
renown when they have rushed from their mountain 
heights, which has carried the tartan into the recollection 
and into every language that is spoken among martial 
races. Who but those cold and reserved Scots from the 
snow-bound summits of their native land led the crest 
at "Alma"? who but they to form the line at " Bala- 
klava "? Look at the blazonries on the dress before me, 
and let me tell you how the McKenzie tartan shone at 
Assaye, how the civilization of the Mogul went down 
before them, how this same 78th Regiment strpck down 
the tyrant at the southern peninsula of India in the 
Mahratta war, and how it saved India a century after- 
wards, or nearly so, by the same wild, fervid dash which 
Scott has commemorated in his story. (Applause.) 
And can we do without all that, can we forget all that? 
And if we must not forget it, and if we cannot do with- 
out it, let us look to him who has enshrined its records 
for our instruction and imitation. 

Now Scott in his own life sent forth these wonderful 
productions with an ease that seemed marvelous then, 
and which even now seems wonderful. So great was 
the furore excited by his works, that when the copies of 
his earlier novels went by the slow mail coaching fashion 
between London and Edinboro', country gentlemen of 
Yorkshire, and even noblemen in the Northern counties, 
rode out, pistol in hand, to stop the coach and read the 
proof sheets. The whole Empire vibrated at once to 


this marvelous touch of an Enchanter's wand. But his 
,e^reatness consisted in the fact that he did not confine 
himself to Scotland alone. He took up and supple- 
mented the work of Shakespeare, and illuminated times 
and events which the dramatist left untouched, to the 
loss of the world's literature. I have often thoug-ht how 
Shakespeare could have told us of Elizabeth and her 
court. He saw the men of that time as Horatio saw 
Hamlet's father, "in their habit as thev lived." He 
could have eiven to us and to the world forever, as none 
else could. Burleig^h. and Raleig'h, and Sir Philip Svdney, 
and all that strand Elizabethan pfalaxv of intellect and 
valor which the world has not since equalled. He could 
have gfiven such enduring:' work, and asfain, he could have 
eone into an older time and ^gfiven us what ShakesDeare, 
T think, was bound to have g-iven us. the romance and 
history in one of Robin Hood. But Scott took up the 
wondrous tale, following with rival hand, perhaos, but 
vet with a g-enerous rivalry. And then we had English 
history illuminated with a splendour, and at the same 
time with an accuracy that has never since been sur- 
passed. And then, crossings the channel, he startles 
France with the sigfht of ever^^-dav life, in the salons 
of Charles the Bold and Louis XI. Never before had 
poet sung, or historian recorded, the deeds in camp and 
court of Charles the Bold, as Scott did in " Quentin 
Durward " — never before was given so faithful a pen 
picture of the state-craft of Louis XI in the same story. 
And when that is the case that he could bring; history 
back to the minds of a people, it may be said that he 
comolied with the wish of the great statesman to write 
the ballads of a people, and at the same time write their 
history, for he did both. And in this fact lies his great- 
ness, that he is founder of what is called the historic 
novel, or historic fiction. Yet this is in some respects 
made a blame to him, and he was suspected bv some of 


distorting- historic characters for romantic purposes. I 
believe that can only be sustained in one instance, and 
that instance is capable of explanation; and I say that T 
would rather trust to his " Richard Coeur de Lion " as a 
truer model, than to Fronde's Henrv VIII. After, all, 
what is history but the opinions of the writers? Look 
at the light of heaven coming through the oriel window, 
shedding part of its ray through the ruby pane, and then 
the floor is stained with a glory that seems the blood of 
Kings and Queens. It strikes an azure pane another 
portion, and changes the hue. The light outside is the 
same, but it is colored in transition ; so when Froude 
takes up his pen to turn Henry VIII into a statesman, 
a philanthropist and a model husband, I seem to think 
that, at all events, he fails in his duty far more egregi- 
ously, and is far less trustworthy, than the man who 
tells us frankly at first that he is writing fiction, but 
takes real men and ministers in, to instruct and illumin- 
ate the mind. Look at all the royal and noble person- 
age's that com,e before us from his pages, and then reflect 
that, even if we had no other volumes than these of Scott, 
his history is at least as trustworthv, and is far more 
attractive, than many a more professedly grave and 
creditable one. I had to say recently somewhat unex- 
pectedly, that some of the greater aspects in Scottish 
history were these — that more than all other poets, Scott 
set himself to celebrate and intensify the love of man- 
hood between man and man, the love of country between 
generation and generation, and above all, perhaps, the 
love of woman. No human heart ever praised the 
beauty and the loveliness of woman more than did that 
of Burns. No poetry is more passionately praised than 
that w'hich floats about the Scottish Country, in the 
praise of woman. No language has yet done justice to 
the patriotic passion that inspires a true man more 
thoroughly than has that of Scottish verse. That inimi- 
table passage — they may call it hackneyed if they please, 


■ — seems to me the most noble expression of love of 
country to be found in the range of literature : 

Breathes there a man with soul so dead, 

Who never to himself hath said, — 

This is my own my native land — 

Whose heart hath ne'er within him burned 

When home his footsteps he hath turned 

From wandering on a foreign strand. 

If such there be. go mark him well. 

For him no minstrel strain shall swell, 

Despite his title, power and pelf 

The wretch concentered still in self, 

Living shall forfeit fair renown, 

And doubly dying shall go down 

To the A-ile dust from which he sprung, 

Unwept, unhonored, and unsimg. 

Is the man that teaches young men that sentiment 
to be forgotten? A\"as he an idle stringer of idle la3^s 
when he calls forth a thrill like that from every breast? 
\\^e who hold the heather in our bosoms, thank him, 
because he links it with the lines : 

Oh Caledonia, stern and wild ; 

Meet nurse for a poetic child — 

Land of the mountain and the flood. 

Land of brown heath and shaggy wood. 

Land of my sires, what mortal hand 

Can e'er untie the filial band 

That knits me to thj^ rugged strand I 

And then again look how the love of country breaks 
forth in him, as it ought in all of us, in the lines — 

Where is the coward would not dare 
To fight for such a land? 

And because he did that for Scotland, Scotsmen stand 
here, and stand the world over, to celebrate his memory 
to-day. And let those who join with us in such a cele- 


bration remember that he to them has given culture, 
that he to them has given refinement ; and that it is not 
simply because it is Scottish, but because it is human, 
that his immortality will last forever. Scott's William 
of Deloraine was but a moss-trooper indeed, yet see him 
stand above the body of Musgrave, see him stand look- 
ing at the foeman, between whom and himself there 
had been great wrongs and great revenges. Seeing the 
man he intended to fight and to slav, as he bends above 
the dead, and recalling the fact that this man will never 
cross steel with him again, recalling the fact that many 
a time they had fought together upon the debatable 
border, he still, with the generous impulse of a soldier's 
heart, remembers not the wrongs that his foeman did 
him, but rather the skill with which he led the chase over 
the fells of Cumberland, and says with a burst that can 
never be excelled : 

" I'd give the lands of Deloraine 
Dark Musgrave were alive again." 

Yet some men say that Scott spent all his life in wr;iting 
lies. Is that a lie? Thank heaven, no. And that it 
should not be less true to-day ought to be the very ideal 
of every gentleman. In many respects Scott's genius 
has this peculiarity, that he is a painter far more than a 
poet. A poet infuses his own feelings into all that he 
sees and describes. He paints just as it strikes him, 
irrespective of his own moods. Other poets when 
they write make nature sympathetic with them in their 
Avoes or in their joys. It is, perhaps, natural to make 
nature sympathise with us. Here again, I find that I 
must pause and say that beyond this Scottish history, 
there comes the wide influence of this verse. He seems 
himself to have had a prescience of that kind, because in 
some lines of his own, describing such melodies as we 
have heard to-day, he dwells upon them with an efifect 


that shews how the}- thrilled the heart of Scotsmen. The 
poet says : 

A deep voice Fitz Eu^^tace had, 

The ail- he chose was wild and sad, 

Such have I heard on Scottish land, 

Rise from the busy harvest band, 

When falls before the mountaineer 

On lowland plains the ripened ear. 

Oft have I listened and stood still 

As it came softened up the hill, 

And deemed it the lament of men 

Who languished for their native glen, 

And thought how sad would be such sound 

On Susquehanna's swampy ground. 

Kentucky's wood encumbered brake 

Or wild Ontario's boundless lake, 

Where heart-sick Exiles in the strain 

Recall fair Scotland's hills again. 

And in this strain of his that we celebrate from Ontario 
to the sea to-day, and he mi^ht have added other lands 
as well. Scott's failures were due to his feudalism. That 
he niio^ht be a laird, he took that same ofenius which had 
been given to him for the illumination of society', and 
with w^hich he succeeded, and transferred it into broad 
acres around Abbotsford. He who owned Edinboro and 
the border more thoroughly than the great Earls, claim- 
ing them bv deeds, built Abbotsford and ruined himself 
bv his feudalism, but then mark how readily he came 
forth from that ruin. It is the fashion to speak of liter- 
ary men with some excuses. Byron, because he is 
disappointed, turns and vilifies his race. You say that 
is the fire of genius. If a great writer forgets to pay his 
debts, deals unjustly with society, and puts in a new plea 
at the bar of court that he has a genius, and therefore 
must not pay the tale, or tribtite for the needs of human 
nature, society excuses and says that he is a genius. 
^Nlark how this Scottish genius met calamity. Utterly 
ignorant of business, involved by the errors and miscal- 
culation of others, in a debt of £150,000 at the time he 


thouiiht his life labors oxer, in place of niakino- any 
excuse, as Cativle said, he took up the g'ates of Gaza on 
his shoulders and walked otT with them. When Scott, 
with all Eng:land trying- to turn his head as fast as possi- 
Ide, and with the homai^e of all his countrymen, suddenly 
fomid himself hopelessly, in many respects, a bankru]:)t, 
he turned about and faced the calamity like a man. with 
not a murmur, not a word, excepting that of his reproach 
for haying- let others so heayily lose for his sake. 

" Come one, come all, tliis rock shall tiy 
From its tiiiii hase as soon a-s 1." 

Scott, with nothing- but his pen, sat down ever}^ n-iorn- 
ing at his desk, and when he finished one story before 
breakfast he commenced another, — not this tinie for the 
love of literature so much, but because, alas ! the noble 
sides were galled by the spurs of adyersity, and like a 
Scottish gentleman he felt that his debts must be paid, 
and he paid theni. 

Xow let me close and see what a field his genius 
covers. Just listen as the procession passes of his great 
creation. Look first, when W'averley opens up the flood 
gates of a new romance to illuminate the dawn — look at 
young Prince Charlie riding down the Canongate to 
HohTood to hold for one fleeing night the last transitory 
splendor of his reign. See that great ball in Holyrood 
(where Mary and her Maries had ])receded him) merely 
to have that little rift of gold in the Stuart's sunset, — 
see the children how they follow him with the toss of 
tartan and the flutter of their bonnets, — see the Scottish 
chiefs marching with many a famous name among them. 
But look as the pageant passes, and before it is well gone, 
before the clamor of the slogan from the border has died 
down, before that long, wild, stirring martial wail of the 
pipe, behind which every man must fight, and beside 
which many a man is proud to die — after that is passed, 
listen to the clash of oriental music of wild Saracenic 


measure, as there they go, the Knights and Squires of 
the Holv Temple. Brian dc Bois (iuihjert. with his 
Knights al:)out him. with their long white cloaks and 
lances yet tipped on many a point with that Saracen 
blood they shed. There comes " h-anhoe " and the great 
hero of all, the Black Knight. — " Richard Ca>ur de 
Lion." There comes the tiower of Saxon nobility, and 
there come those fair ladies, Rowena and Rebecca. — 
Rebecca, perhaps, or I shall not say perhaps, but 
Rebecca the better, Rebecca whom Ivanhoe should have 
married, and allowed Athelstane to have his Saxon love, 
Rebecca, whose noble self sacrifice is not one of the least 
of the great tributes to womanhood naid by Sir Walter. 
Look at that great lady of a despised race, showing a 
nobility of soul as she rides away to her Spanish retreat 
to leave the land that had become for her unbearable, 
because in that land every hope she had had been 
blighted. Then come Robin Hood and his merrv men, 
who ought to have been in Shakespeare's pages, with 
their doublets of Lincoln green, their long bows, and 
their laugh and jest and careless song. There come these 
archers from the Court of France and one the noblest in 
the romance of Europe, Quentin Durward. And in all 
this great concourse of the poet's brain, he laid the whole 
world tribute in order to crowd the scene with such an 
heraldic splendor as no man ever gathered together 

Ha\-ing said so much, let mc now close. Let me sav 
in this respect that, having delivered an address that is 
extemporaneous, and on many points in which I have 
been felicitously anticipated, and at the same time feeling 
as I do the responsibility which has rested upon me of 
touching a great subject, altogether too vast for me, and 
touching it as I fear, unworthily, my only feeling has 
been this, that in addressing myself to the subject I have 
tried to do the best I possibh- could. I came here to 
speak of him of whom so much has been said, and of 


whom so much shall be said when all of us are gone; 
and I came to-day, feeling that it was not necessary for 
me to say all, when there is all of human time to say it in. 
1 felt like this, when called upon to stand up and speak 
for the memory of my countryman, to speak for the 
memory of a great genius. I felt that while great honor 
has been done me, and great responsibility laid upon me, 
I might be forgiven, even if, with feeble hands, I laid this 
chaplet of wild flowers of the Nova Scotian woods as an 
offering to him. That I have been chosen to do it has 
been to me a most gratifying, and, at the same time, a, 
most responsible task; but feeling, as I do, that the 
memory of the great enchanter has helped me through, I 
have touched the chords, no matter how feebly. The 
rude touch was mine, but the responses in the heart 
were due to the pen of Abbotsford. The responses that 
vibrated and thrilled the imagination came from him who 
first woke them there; and as I take farewell of him, T 
am nut in mind of the touching words of the last farewell 
with which our Northern Prospero broke his wand, and 
let his Ariel of the moor and of the mountains free: 

Harp of the North, farewell ! The hills grow dark ; 

On purple peaks a deeper shade descending ; 
In twilight copse the glowworm lights her spark. 

The deer, half seen, are to the covert wending. 
Resume thy wizard elm ! the fountain lending. 

And the wild breeze thy wilder minstrelsy. 
Hark ! as my lingering footsteps slow retire. 

Some Spirit of the Air has waked thy string ! 
"Tis now a Seraph bold, with touch of fire. 

'Tis now the brush of Fairy's frolic wing. 
Receding now the dying numbers ring, 

Fainter and fainter down the rugged dell. 
And now the mountain breezes scarcely bring 

A wandering witch-note of the distant spell— 
And now, "tis silent all !— Enchantress, fare thee well! 


The oration, which was entirely extemporary, occu- 
pied a little more than an hour and a half. W'hen the 
storm of applause which followed it had subsided, Rev. 
George 'SI. Grant rose, and in a few happy remarks moved 
a vote of thanks to 'Sir. \\'illiam Garvie for his very 
eloquent oration. ]\Ir. Grant sup-gested that the cele- 
bration of Sir AA'alter Scott's centenary in Halifax ought 
not to close without the founding of a Waverley Scholar- 
sliip, and intimated that he knew a very modest man 
present who would give $300 towards that object. Hon. 
Alexander Keith. President of the Legislative Council, 
seconded the vote of thanks. The Chairman, putting the 
niotion made a few remarks, warmly eulogizing the 
oration. It is needless to say that the audience heartily 
tendered the vote of thanks. The proceedings then 
terminated. The procession reformed outside the h-\\\. 
and marched through several of the principal streets 
before sep?.rating. 

The Scott Centenary Orations delivered over the 
Globe were collected and published by the Edinburgh 
Scott Centenary Committee, and the Halifax oration, by 
Hon. W. Garvie, was pronounced the finest of all that 
had been delivered the w^orld over, being in the opinion 
of the Committee of great special excellence. 

Highland games in the Horticultural Gardens fol- 
lowed. The Ball at the Rink was an immense success, 
attended as it was by so much of the Scottish element' 
of the Province. 

The total cost of the celebration was very large — ■ 
$2,751.00. The subscription list starting the arrange- 
ments amounted to $1,492, from members of the North 
British Societv. The balance was obtained from sale of 
tickets for ball, games, etc., but the cost, though large, 
brought the Societv prominently to the front and resulted 
in a largely augmented list of members. 


The Treasurer's rc])(>rt showed thai SC)8o had l)een 
devoted to charity duriiii;- the year, and that the invest- 
ments had increased to o\er $7000, InU a more encour- 
ajying- sign was that the roll of memhership was in- 
creasing. In addition to in\estments as ahove stated, an 
inventory of ])ropertv held by Society showed a lot in 
the Cemetery in good condition, railed at an expense of 
S700. and in the box at Jerusalem \\ arehouse. well 
insured banners as follows : 

The P»anner of the Society, Silk. 

The Royal Standard of Scotland, " 
Saint Andre\v Cross, 
I'nion jack, " 

all in good condition, and 

1 Transparency St. Andrew, 

2 Leather Bags, 
I Ballot Box, 

I Set of Bag Pipes, 
The President's Collar and Jewel. 
4 Silk Sashes for President and Mce do's, 
8 Silk Sashes for other Office Bearers, 
4 \^ols. of Records from 1768 to 1781. 
100 \'ols. Centenary Annals, 1768 to 1868, 

4 \'ols. Rules and By- Laws, with signatures of 

3 Snuff .Mulls, 

I Box, containing the 2 Silver Seals of Society. 

At the Annual Meeting, which was attended by over 
100 members. Ordinary, Honorary, and Perpetual, a 
vigorous discussion took place over the possibility of the 
Society erecting a suitable building for meetings, etc.. 
to contain a reading-room, dining-hall, etc. It was 
stated that the hope of keeping the already large roll of 
young members and increasing the number, depended 


larg^ely upon having" an attractive iDiiilding to help keep 
the Society together. A Committee consisting of 
George Buist, J. P. Muir, 

Don. iMiirra}^ John H, Johnston, 

A. W. AIcNab 
were a])pointed to report at next meeting. 

The Committee subsequently reported that to pur- 
chase a suitable site and erect and furnish building 
rccjuired. $20,000 would be needed f©r the purpose. This 
appeared too large a matter to entertain for the present, 
and the project was for the time abandoned. 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1872: 

Jas. J. Bremner. Pirsidciif; 

Jas. S. Alacdonald, lice, do.: 

Donald Keith, Scar. Assf. do.; 

Peter Grant, ///;//-. do. do.: 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

Howard Maclean, Secretary: 

Dr. A. P. Reid, Assf. do.: 

Alex. Stephen, 

Peter Ross, 

W'm. Hedley, 

R. Brenton, 

Dr. Gordon, 

• R. F. Watt, 1 

■ITT TT 1 I Marshals: 
W m. Hood, I 

McKenzie and Patterson, Pipers; 

Rev. John Campbell, Chaplain: 

John Patterson, Messenger. 

The Supper held after the Annual }klceting was a 
most enjoyable one. The Col. and Officers of the 78th 
Avith the Regimental mess pipers attending. The Chief 
Justice, Hon. W. Garvie, Hon. Alex. Keith, and other 
loading members present. Lt. Callander favored the 
meeting with several marches on the pipes, he being a 
noted piper. The company separated at 2 a. m., delighted. 

Coniniittee of Charity. 


The Festival was celebrated by the usual interesting 
dinner held at the 'Halifax Hotel. Over lOO present. 
The President, J. J. Ilremner, well sustained the repu- 
tation of the Chair. He was surrounded by a splendid 
re])resentation of our country in evei;y walk and depart- 
ment of life. The .Army and Xa\v, the Bench, the Bar, 
the I'ublic Departments, and a large number of the 
Societ\- and guests. Baron D'Eldebourg of Lima, Peru, 
was so delighted with the Society, that he, before the 
close of the meeting, handed by a member to the Presi- 
dent, five guineas as a donation to its Charity Fund, an 
act of ai)])reciation very welcome from so distinguished a 
stranger. The interest was sustained throughout, a long 
].rogramnie of toasts honored, and the Society's credit 
sj)lendi(lly maintained. 

Biographical Notes — 1871. 

Hon. \\ illiam ( iarvie, one of the most brilliant orators 
and finished scholars yet associated with our Provincial 
history, was during his connection with our Society 
greatly esteemed for his bright, cheery eloquence which 
illumined so many of our social meetings. As the orator 
o\ the Scott Centenarv, he attained by his splendid 
etilogium, marked by all the excellence of glowing 
])atriotism and devoted admiration and conception of the 
spirit and genius of Scotland's immortal poet, a position 
in the field of eloquence, unsurpassed bv anv other of 
the gifted speakers of our Institution. Mr. Garvie came 
with his father and family to Halifax in 1855. He had 
receivd a liberal education in Glasgow, and soon after 
arrival hei;e, acce])ted a position as teacher in one of the 
public schools. His five 3'Oimger brothers at the same . 
time entered the several professional fields, and the entire 
family were remarkable for their varied talents. Wil- 
liam, after a few years in the position as teacher, entered 


t]ie journalistic field, and was for a time a partner in the 
Citizen newspaper. He subsequently studied law, and 
during the years in which the Confederation of the Pro- 
A'inces absorbed attention, became a leading politician 
and organizer. In 1869 he was admitted to the Bar. In 
T871 he was returned member for Halifax in the Legis- 
lative Assembly, and was at once appointed a member of 
Government with office of Commissioner of ^^^orks and 
Klines. In the House he greatlv distinguished himself 
as a finished speaker, his graceful oratory attracting all 
classes of politicians. His health, never robust, soon 
gave way under the constant strain, and to the great 
regret of all Xova Scotians, he died in 1872. at the com- 
paratively early age of 38 years. 

Garvie was of great personal and striking physique, 
and had a strong magnetic manner, which Avas graceful 
and full of dignity. He was over six feet in height, 
rather delicate. l)Ut full of bright, kindly life, with a 
countenance betokening a man of deep thought and svm- 
pathies. His record was in every way a most honorable 
one. His was a brilliant human presence, which left a 
vast l)lank when it disappeared from life. He sleeps 
now, ever young in the memory of others that must grow 
eld, and was honourably released from his toils before 
the hottest of the dav. 

Samuel Crawford, born 26th Januai;y, 1840, a native 
of Larkhall, Lanarkshire, Scotland, came to Halifax in 
1868. and has been for many years officially connected 
with the Customs Department of Halifax. '\lv. Craw- 
ford has well identified himself with the religious and 
better elements of our city. Possessing a highlv culti- 
vated voice of gr^at harmony and compass, he has aided 
on many occasions a variety of commendable projects 
forthe public good. Joining the Xorth British in 1871. 
he ha.>^, at manv Festivals of Saint Andrew, delighted 



the company from his s^real repertoire of Scottish music, 
and has repeatedly received the thanks of the Society for 
his splendid and j^ratnitous efforts. He has long been 
considered the sweetest singer Scotland ever gave to 
Xova Scotia, and is a worthy successor to Stewart, 
r.remner and Kidston in the early days of our institution, 
and to May, Geddes and Russell in a later generation, and 
to Muir and others, who have but at a comparatively 
late date passed away from us. May he long, in voice 
and sentiment, continue to delight his appreciative 


President Bremner. with his long experience in 
Society matters, filled the chair this year with great 
acceptance. One hundred dollars was sent to the Illinois 
St. Andrew's Society, Chicago, toward relieving countr}-- 
men w'ho had suft'ered in the recent disastrous Chicago 
fire. The amount was suitably acknowledged by the ' 
President of the Chicago Society. 

The following w^ere elected Ordinary .Members: 
Angus Ross, Robt. \\'ilkie, 

\\\ Henderson. \\ ,m. Ellis, 

John Cormack, W'm. Reid, 

Thos. Cameron, Jas. Anderson, 

and John S. Maclean was elected a Perpetual ]\Iember, 
he ])aying $40 to perpetual fund. 

And the following added to the Honorary List:- 
Prof. Lawson, Dalhousie Colege, 
John Herdman. 

The Society this year lost two eminent members who 
during long lives Avere ever distinguished for lo^-alty and 
w^ork for the Institution, viz: 

Robert X^oble. an ex-President, 

John Watt, Treasurer for a long term of years. 


Letters of condolence were sent to the families of 
abo\'e deceased gentlemen, and minutes of the Society's 
regret entered in the records. 

The Society's lot in Cemetery was attended to this 
year at an expense of fifty dollars. The usual burthen- 
some discussion about the suppers came up before the 
Society, some of the membeus wanting" one cold and three 
hot. others the reverse, three hot and one cold. The 
St^ciety decided to continue the old ]dan. two hot suppers 
in winter, and two cold ones in summer. 

Tt was also determined 1)\' the members that the 
celebration of festival of St. Andrew, should be marked 
by the Society attending Divine Service previous to 
dinner, also that a Conversazione be held each vear. on 
the anniversar}- of the foundation of the Society. 

At the Annual Meeting the Chaplain, the Rev. John 
Campbell, was invested with the Regalia recently pur- 
chased in Edinburgh, a handsoiue silk Geneva down. 
The thanks of the Society were passed to John P. Muir, 
who had procured the same, and by private subscription 
of members relieved the Society of all cost in the matter. 
The reports of the various Conunittees showed the 
Society's matters in excellent condition : the cheering 
appearance of the meetings, by the grand attendance 
of members, showing life and \igor in everv de])artmcnt. 

The following wer^' elected office-bearers for ensuing 
year : — 

James S. ^lacdonald. Pi-csldciif: 

John P. ^Fuir. lire do.: 

E. M. Macdonald. Sciir. .-Issf. J'icc: 

\y. Mvers (irav. Jiinr. do. do: 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

Howard ^Eaclean. Sccrcfary: 

A. P. Reid. ^r.D.. .^ssf. do.: 

xoRTH BRirisn sociii'iy. 461 

CiiJiniiiltcc of Cliarify; 

Alex. Stcijlu'ii, 

Will. Jlcdlcy. 

jas. WhiU'. 

Dr. (iordon. 

Toter Ross, 

J. IJrenton (lOrdon, ■. 

E. H. Reeves. ' l^ack Dues; 

r.. A. Taylor. I 

Rev. John Campbell. Chaplain: 

William Hoocl. MarsJial: 

lolin i'attersoii, Piper and Mcsscm^cr. 

The .^u]^i)er was as uMial, well attended, the Society 
hail many good singers, and this e\'enino; the music and 
s]iceches were excellent and greatly apreciated by an 
enthusiastic company. 

The celebration of Saint Andrew was well carried 
out. The Society assemlded at Saint .Vndrew's Church, 
Tobin St.. at 7 ]). m. The pul])it and aisles were beauti- 
fully decoi;ated with the banners of the Society. A large 
number of members attended. Chief Justice Young and 
the office-bearers occupied the ])latform. The Church 
was ])acked. and the music by a choir from the Society 
was excellent. The sermon was preached by the Chap- 
lain. Rev. John Cam]:)bell. who wore for the first time the 
elegant Geneva Cown and regalia recentl}' ])urchased bv 
Society. The sermon was a success and a revival of an 
old custom, the last sermon being ])reached before the 
Society by Dr. Andrew Brown in old ^father Church, in 
1782. The Society, after the sermon, walked in ])roces- 
sion to Halifax Hotel, when the usual large attendance 
marked the dinner. The President well supi)orted on 
ripht and left by Eieut. -General Doyle. Chief Justice 
Yotmg. and a most splendid representation of the Society 
and guests. 

The company sat down at 8 o'clock, and at the 
first toast was announced from the Chair, and at 20 min- 


utes to 12, the closing- toast was given, it being- Saturday 
night, and the near approach of the Sabbath warning 
apv further encroachment on old Father Time. Every 
detail of the celel^ration had l)een well attended to. and 
the intimacy of an old staff of directors of past celebra- 
tions, wdth e^'erything required to insure method, enabled 
a great success to be scored in interest and enthusiasm, 
although the time was liniited to hours inside of the 
usual time (le\-oted to the annual dinner. 

Biographical Notes — 1872. 

Lieut. -Col. fas. J. Uremner. born at IJanff. Scotland, 
1832, educated there, canie out to Halifax in 1849, ^^^^^ 
entered into business with his relatives. G. & .A.. Mitchell. 
Sid)sequently he commenced on his own account, and 
for many }-ears conducted a lucrative business, and in 
subsequent years was appointed Inspector of Customs 
tor Xova Scotia. His grand-uncle was John Bremner, 
wl'O was an influential member of our Society in 1782. and 
twice elected President. ( )thcr members of his familv 
have been in subsecpient generations members of the 
Society, so that he has had personally and by descetit a 
continued connection with the Xorth British. Col. 
Bremner had been long associated with the defences of 
the country. He was Colonel of the 66th Halifax Regt. 
Served with the liattalion in the Xorth ^^'est Rebellion 
(medal ), also has medals for l^^enian Raid and " Long- 
Service." Colonel I'remner joined the Society in 1854. 
served for many years as Treasurer, was elected Presi- 
dent in 1872. and l:)ecame a Perpetual Member in 1903. 

Rev. John Canipbell. born in Xova Scotia. 1841, of 
Scottish parentage : studied at Glasgo-w Cni\-ersitv and 
was ordained in 1868; called to the pastorate of St. 
Andrew's Church, Halifax, 1869. which position he held 




with great acceptance until his retirement in 1875, when 
he went to Edinburgh. He joined the Society in 1869; 
was elected Chaplain in 1870, and held that position until 
1875. He was a most thorough Scot, and on several 
(.ccasions gave most interesting addresses pregnant with 
]):itriotic fire. His death occurred in Edinburgh in iSfjt;. 


The President was well supported during the vear bv 
a grand atendance of members at every quarterly and 
sj)ecial meeting. The interest was manifested in many 
ways, but particularly in the great number of members 
added to the roll during the year, the largest since the 
foundation of the Institution. 

Letters of condolence were sent to families of Hox. 
W. Gakvii:, the Scott Centenary Orator), Howard 
Macleax, our late Secretary, and Jas. Steixsox. all 
regretted members, and all recently deceased. 

The first business of the Eebruary meeting was to 
elect a Secretary in room of the late regretted ofifice- 
bearer, Howard ^Maclean, Esq. On motion, Jas. Godfrey 
Smith was unanimously elected to the position. The 
following were enrolled as Ordinary Members during the 
year : 

Jas. Farquhar, Donald Scott, 

Gibson Anderson, W. B. Fay, 

John Hutton, J. Scott Mitchell, 

Alex. Forrest, W. M Allan. 

MacCallum Grant, Luke Hamilton, 

Geo. Ross, John McCrow', 

Gilbert ]^Iunro. Donald Robb, 

Alex. Stephen, Jr.. Duncan McDougall, 

^L M. Lindsay, Wm. Moore, 



J. S. McKay, 
Robt. ^Mackintosh, 
Clias. J. ^lacdonald. 
C. C. Davies. 
Sherbrooke W'addell. 
J. J. Stewart. 
I. .M. .McKay. 
Alex. Meming", 
John Johnson, 
Jos. Fleming. 
Alex. ]McDougall. 
Robt. Sedgewick, 
Robert Robinson, 
David Pottinger, 
John Patterson. 
Lydiard ^ilclntosh, 

J. C. Fraser, 
Kenneth Matheson. 
John Forbes, 
James Fraser, 
\\'m. A. McXab. 
Alex. Sliearer, 
Archd. Mitchell, 
^\'allace E. Harrington, 
Thos. \\'asson. 
Lachlir McDonald, 
Alex. Taylor. 
1). K. Lowden, 
Salter Xoble, 
John Orant. 
David Black. 
Geo. Stenhouse, 
Fred. Mitchell. 

Jas. McGregor. 

The a1)o\ ^ ^;^ were proposed and elected during 1873, 
and at annual meeting:. 

\\ alter b'airbairn. 
Wm. Cunningham. 
D. H. Duncan. 
Frank Morrison, 
\\m. McDonald, 
R. T. Braine. 
I. H. McDaniel. 

Evan Morrison, 
(leo. Morrison, 
John Morrison, 
John \\'ilson. 
Alex. Bremner. 
J. McLennan, 
A. C. Mitchell. 

A\-ere proposed for membership, their names to remain on 
the books until February meeting, 1874. when the}- would 
be balloted for. 

During the summer the President, with Alex. Stephen. 
Senr.. Chairman of Committee of Charity, and Donald 
Alurra}', waited upon Col. Gordon and Scottish officers 
of the 60th Rifles, who had lately come to Halifax, and 
presented a copy of the Society's Annals. The Com- 
mittee were most cordially welcomed, and next day a 
letter was received from Col. Gordon, accompanied 


with $30. with a rcciucst that the five officers' names 
sliould be enrolled as Honorary Members: 

Lt. Col. Cxordon. \ 

Major l""arquharson, | 

Major Dtnidas, \6oth Kci;l. 

Lieut. E. Fraser, | 

Lieut. A. F. H. Mitchell-Innes. / 

The above, with Robert Robertson, were duly enrolled 
Honorary ^lembers. Peter Grant was elected a Per- 
petual Member, he paying into the funds $40. A grand 
total of 73 members acquired in 1873. 

On 26th March, the 105th anniversary of the forma- 
tion of the Society, the North Rritisii held its first 
conversazione. It took place at old ^Mason Flail, — 400 
present. The Committee worked well, and with the assist- 
ance of so many new mend^ers. it proved an immense 
success. The splendid band of the 87th discoursed fine 
uiusic. It was an entirely new departure for the Society. 
Good oratory, music and dancing, contributed to make 
it enjoyable to all present, and so satisfactory was it to 
all that the regret was that such re-unions had not been 
initiated years before. The secretary was instructed to 
record the Society's interest and satisfaction with this 
new departure by placing an elaborate minute on the 
books of he Institution. 

At the Annual Meeting, wdiich was attended by over 
one hundred members, the various reports from Trea- 
surer's statement show^ed a most successful year. A 
larger amount than usual had been paid out to deserving 
applicants to Committee of Charity. 500 copies of By-laws 
had been printed, and the work of the Messenger had so 
increased that his salary was doubled, a small matter, 
but a good sign of the increasing interest in Society's 
^vcrk. The following were chosen office-bearers for 

John P. Muir. President: 
E. M. ?^Iacdonald, J'iee do.: 



Coiiuiiiffcc of Charity; 

Back Dues. 

Jas. C. Alackintosh, Sciir. Asst.; 

J. (iodfrey Smith, Jiiiir. Asst.; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

Robt. Sedgewick. Secretary: 

John T. Fraser, Asst. do. 

Jas. Farquhar. ^ 

Dr. Thos. R. Fraser, 

M. M. Lindsay, 

Alex. Stephen, Senr., 

Wm. Hedley, 

J. Brenton Gordon, ^ 

Jas. S. McKay, r 

A. R. Sutherland. J 

\\^m. Hood, Marshal; 

Rev. John Campl^ell. Chaplain: 

John Patterson, Piper ami Messenger. 

The Festival of St. Andrew this year falling on Sun- 
day, was celebrated with great eclat on ^londay, ist 

Previous to the usual dinner, the 

Rev. George M. (irant. by request, addressed the 
Society ; his theme was " Love for Fatherland, and Love 
for the Land We Live In." 

^Marked by profound depth of patriotic sentiment, 
original thought, and graceful composition, it was a 
splendid effort, worthy of preservation, and worthy of the 
distinguished scholar, then in the prime of his intel- 
lectual powers. 

After a few brief introductory sentences. ]\Ir. Grant 
said : 

" We are all Nova Scotians : we are all Canadians ; 
but we are not autochthons, not aborigines. Our roots 
are beyond the sea. We are the greatest colony of the 
greatest Fmpive in the world ; and therefore, a vital ques- 
tion for us must be, should we strengthen or dissever 
the links that bind us to the people and the land froir 


whicli we and our fathers came? This is not the time or 
place to comi^are (hfferent modes of government, and 
comparisons are not needed; for societies based upon 
nationahty and race would seem to have practically, and 
as if from instinct, settled the question as to the direc- 
tion in wliich we, as a people, should tend. Especially 
important is this indirect verdict on the part of a Scot- 
tish Society ; for Canada has been a favorite field for 
emigrants from Scotland, and our last census shows a 
larger ]:)ortion of the population of Nova Scotia to be of 
Scottish origin than of any other nationality. All that 
we have to do, therefore, is to take stock, to ascertain 
what contril:)utions to the formation of a lofty national 
character we have from our organic connection with a 
great and ancient Empire, and especially from our being 
inheritors of the Scottish name and ' the auld Scottish 

And here let me say, that I know no subject more 
worthy at all times of the thoughts of patriots than this, 
' W'hat can we do to develop among the people of this 
great land of ours an exalted national character?' No 
nation is made permanentlv great by wealth or mere 
population. The treasures of Judea were but a drop in 
the bucket to the cofifers of Assyria ; Greece could match 
the myriads of Persia only with the 300 of Sparta, or the 
10,000 of Xenophon. Jkit the world ,in making compari- 
sons between such nations, does not count heads, — it 
weighs men. 

Who would not rather have his own son true, brave, 
magnanimous, than have him rich? Who would not 
rather see his daughter pure and lowly than bright with 
the hire of shame? But what is good for one is good for 
all. The current of our children is determined by the 
general character of the whole people. No one is strong 
enough to resist the character of his nation. He must 
go with it or be overwhelmed by it. When, therefore, 
we speak of national aims, and the formation of a 


national character, we speak of the welfare of our chil- 
dren, and the future of the race that is to spring; from our 

In taking stock of the possessions of this Society, 
three words came out very prominently— Xationality. 
Antiquity, Scotland. Each of the first two has a Scot- 
tish flavor ; the third is the thistle itself. 

I. Xationality — Is there such a thing-, and is it an 
ultimate, (iod-ordained fact? Every rig-htly constituted 
man. every man of true thought and deep feeling, answers, 
' Yes.' I call attention to this, because it is apt to be 
overlooked in our day from temjjorary causes that 
are strongly at work. The International Association, 
that sprang into existence nine years ago. has been the 
chief outcome of these causes, and the signs of the times 
already indicate that it is not destined to exert much 
influence on the world. It began by proclaiming that 
men should ignore political and religious dififerences. 
national boundaries and histories: Ijut. disregarding the 
di\ine fact of the nation, it soon went on to strike at the 
family, at marriage, at property, at inheritance, and. of 
course, at (iod — the author of all these facts and forms. 
The Couununcs of Paris and Cartagena are the first 
attempts at realizing its dreams of reconstructing society : 
and let us not forget that the first attempts of revolu- 
tion are always the mildest. The next steps are the 
black or red flag, the petroleuse, a social chaos, in Avhich 
of course the weakest must go to the wall. 

Xo ! \\'e cannot ignore the nation. Well says a 
writer, whom no one will accuse of being Conservative. 
y'vA.. Strauss — " The mean tribunal between the indi- 
vidual and humanity is the nation. He who ignores his 
nation does not thereby become a cosmopolitan, but 
continues an egotist. Patriotism is the sole ascent to 
Humanitarianism. The nations, with their peculiarities, 
are the divinely ordained — /. c. natural — forms through 
which mankind manifests itself : forms which no man of 


sense iiiav oxerldok, from whieh no man of courag'e may 
withdraw himself. W'ithont patriotism, there simply 
can be no deep feeling." 

Another fact in connection with this is that the rise 
and progress of every great nation has been determined 
by its religion. I never heard so many emphatic testi- 
monies to this as at the late Conference of the Evangeli- 
cal Alliance in Xew York. Men from all the historic 
countries of the world were there, and while all felt that 
they were brothers, each gloried in his own land, and 
declared that it owed its origin to Christianity, and that 
its future depended on its Christianity. The representa- 
tive from Holland, c.i^., said : "The name and fame of Hol- 
land will outlive that of the greatest empires. The obvious 
reason is this : no other people's history in modern 
times ever was so closely connected, so utterly identified 
with its religion. To the Gospel. Holland owes its 
greatness and its glory, its strongly marked individuality. 
For others, religion was a powerful element of develop- 
ment ; for us Dutch, it was the very germ of our 
nationality, as it ever remains its kernel and marrow.' 
And thus spake Krommacher from Cermany : " The 
(ierman nation owes its existence to Christianity. The 
most important epochs of the German development have 
always been at the same time both religious and national 
epochs ; the religious and national motives have therein 
co-operated with one another. The German nation can- 
not in future continue its way through history without 
Christianity : were it to try to do so, it would bring itself 
to decline and find its ruin even earlier than other nations 
under the same circumstances — such an attem]:)t would 
indicate nothing else than a finis Gcniiaiiu'ac." And the 
delegate from ( ireece said : '' You have no idea of the 
power of our national feeling. It makes religion and 
nationality one and inseparable. He that gives up his 
church is looked upon as an outcast." And why multiplv 
instances? We know that the proudest title of anv Kino- 


of France was that of " the oldest son of the Church' ; and 
the greatest boast of the Spanish nation is its reHgious 
unity ; that the title of Queen Victoria is ' Defender of 
the Faith " : that the ancient well-earned name of Ireland 
was the ' Island of Saints ' ; that the Russian loves ' Holy 
Russia." The cry to us from India from the lips of a 
learned Brahmin was:" My country is vaster, wealthier, 
more beautiful, more populous, than any of yours ; give 
her the Gospel, and she will equal or outstrip you in 
greatness." And not only from the hoary nations of India 
and Greece, but from the other extremity of the line came 
similar testimony. Dr. ^^'arren. (^f the University of 
Boston, speaking on l)ehalf of the United States, said: 
" The first effective preparation of the original British 
America colonists for social and political unity was due 
to a great religious awakening, the Whitfieldian revival, 
which commenced in 1740." lUit in Avhat country's 
development has religion played so important a part as 
in Scotland's? From the days of St. Columba to the days 
of Chalmers, religion has been the great factor in its 
life. Every Scotchman reads with patriotic, as well as 
religious emotion, Montalembert's Monks of the West, 
^McCrie's Life of John Knox. Hannah's Life of Chal- 
mers, and may I not add, Mrs. ( )liphant's Life of Edward 
Irving. An irreligious Scotchman is a dishonor to his 
country, a traitor to her history and fame. 

Let us not forget this union of nationality and reli- 
gion in this new land where God hath appointed the 
bounds of our habitation. At present Canada is unable 
to boast of religious uniformity, or of religious unani- 
mity. Let us aim at something higher— religious unity; 
let us cultivate the spirit, and in due time (jod will give 
it a fitting body. All the more necesssary is this, because 
it has generally happened that indift'erence to all religions 
and consequent relaxation of all social and moral bonds, 
has been the result when various forms of religion have 
existed side bv side in the same countrv. Tt was when 


the ( )r()ntcs Howed into the Tiber, Avhen tlie votaries of 
Isis. and soothsayers from Judea flocked to the seven 
liills, that Rome lost her ancient stern moraHty and 
became the mother of harlots. The same cause accounts 
for old Corinthian wantc^nness. and the abominations of 
modern Alexandria. Such a result would indeed be inex- 
cusable in our case, for there is amon;:^- us substantial 
oneness of faith, as well as of orij^^in. More than 300,000 
of our population of 388,000 are of British descent ; and 
almost all the remainder are from Germany and France 
— and there are no nobler races. We are not only in one 
boat, but we are l)rothers. 

Let us then cherish our nationality, ^^'ell may we. 
We have an inheritance in the ^^lory of Great Britain, 
and especially in the j^lor}- of Scotland. None of us 

claims to be 

A ])atii()t of tlu' world alone, 

A friend of every cowntrv bnt his own. 

Xo one shall rol) us of our possession. Distance does 
not disinherit. " Absence makes the heart grow fonder." 
■■ Time but tlie iinjjiession stronger makes, 
-Vs streams tlnir channels tleeper wear." 

2. Antiquity. — This Society appeals to the past. But 
is it true that ' the past is made for slaves *? Yes, if we 
wear the grave-clothes of the past. Xo; if we breathe 
the spirit of the past, drink from its dee]> foimtains — are 
animated by its heroisms. A man who li\es only in his 
own age is a barbarian, ^\'hen inheriting a fruitful past, 
he is worse ; he is selfish and ungrateful. Who is not 
thankful to God for honored sires ; who is not sustained, 
in conflict with the tides of selfish ])assion. bv the thought 
or the memor}' of them? And here again, what is good 
for the individual is good for the whole people. Among 
the best possessions (;f a nation, are those names that 
are identified with its history, those families that are 
almost coeval with its l)irth ; those traditions which 
cluster round its cradle, that folk lore the origin of which 


is hidden in the misty ])ast, those storjes of the bra^'e 
days of old — those simple rino^ing" l^allads that enshrine 
sights and voices and deeds that are and ought to be a 
possession forever to a whole ])eople. What Englishman 
Avould allow the memories of Alfred, of Percy, of Sydney, 
\'athers and others, to be taken from his life ! He would 
die first. The name of Alfred, though he lived 1200 
years ago. is identical with the name of England. When 
the Saxon lines of defence at Chij^penham had been 
broken through, the last ho])es of England were over- 
thrown. All despaired. " All." says the old chronicler, 
" but Alfred the King." ( )h ! is there not perpetual 
ins])iration in these few simple words. 

■■ Et fiincta terraruni isubaeta, 

PiiPter atioeein aiiiimiiii Catonis."' 

So. in the \ery name I'ercy. ' there is an epic poetry 
which stirs the English heart more than the sound of a 
trumpet.' as Sydney tells us he was moved whenever he 
heard the old ballad in which it is celebrated. 

What accounts for the ])resent vitality of the A^'elsh 
nation, the vitality of its language, the poetry, the imagin- 
ation, the eloquence of the common people, but the fact 
that the romances, the legends, the poems of the old 
bards of the Cymri. so full of fire and weirdness, are 
household possessions. lUit without speaking of other 
nations, how ex])lain the many-sided character Scotch- 
men, the proverbial prudence and shrewdness in common 
life, united with that lofty chi\-alry. that tiery valour and 
contempt of death which has found expression in many 
a foreign ])roverl) ; their lo\-e of home, with that spirit 
of adventure which has carried them over the whole 
earth ; the plaintive melody of the national music with 
the insight, the strength, the racy vigor of the poetrv ; 
the rich humor that Dean Ramsay shows to be charac- 
teristic of all classes : that clanship, with which thev 
ha\-e often l)een reproached, but which is their legitimate 
jiride : that faithfulness in ser\ice, as complete in Low- 


land (.'alc-h lialdcrstone as in the Highland \assal who 
received in his own breast the l)ullet intended tor his 
chief: how exi)lain. I sa\-, all these and many other rich 
and \aried de\'elopnients ol' national character, tinless 
we understand the deep ancient fountains of thoutj^ht 
and passion and feeling- from which the people in all 
generations ha\e been able to drink. The names of 
■■ Wallace bright and r.ruce the bold." of the good Sir 
James Douglas, who followed in death the heart of his 
master. e\en as he had e\'er followed him in life ; or of 
that dead man. who won the tight of Otterbourne : — that 
lUack Douglas house descended, from the dark gray man, 
that boasted that men "* had seen it in the tree, but never 
in the sapling, in the stream, ])Ut nexer in the fountain "; 
the deeds, the daring, the sufferings, the lo\'es. the war 
chants of ancestors, the mystic songs of fairyland — all 
these have been the food that has nurtured ])oetry in 
Scottish breasts in lowly Scottish homes. Deep in the 
heroic past are the roots of national life, and so nothing 
has been able to shake that life or change it radically. 
■"The songs commemorative of our earlier heroes." 
Aytoun points out " have outlived the Reformation, the 
union of the two crowns, the ci\ il and religious xvars of 
the Re\olution. and the subsequent union of the King- 
doms, and at a com])aratively late period were collected 
from the oral traditions of the peasantry." With regard 
to his own experience he. the Edinburgh Professor, says 
of them : ' They have become, to a certain extent, the 
firstlings of mv memory ; and \erses. or snatches of them, 
occur to me more readily for illustration than lines of 
Horace." It was through feeding on these in infancy 
and youth that Ikirns became the darling national poet. 
' A tide of Scottish ])rejudice." as he modestly called his 
])atriotic emotion. " had been ])oured along his veins; and 
he felt that it would boil there until the floodgates shut 
in eternal rest." And Scott became the \\ izard of the 
Xorth. because he knew the songs and tales of the bor- 


ders and the highlands, of the Crusades, of the Kirk and 
the Covenant, better than any one else. 

Does a citizen of the new world despise these ancient 
founts of inspiration? He is very ignorant, then, of 
human nature. He forgets the words of the wise lawyer 
Selden, ' Let me make the ballads of a people, and I care 
not who makes their laws.' That is sure to be a flimsy. 
shallow, ignoble national character, though possibly 
sharp, cute and knowing, where the chief food for the 
minds of the common people is the daily newspaper, with 
its sensational incidents, its incessant detraction of every 
great man in the country, and its able articles written to- 
day and forgotten to-morrow. A great race, or a race 
that would be great and enduring, must have mental 
food at once more stibstantial and more ethereal : food 
suitable to the mysterious depths of sentiment and 
imagination that exist in all men, even in those who are 
most unconscious of what is in them ; ' for we all have 
wings, though they are often but in bud or; blighted.' 
Sad is it for a man and for a nation when they are all 
unused, and therefore shrivel and dwine and die. or leave 
some sadly ludicrous remembrance of their absence as ' of 
one that once had wings,' — like the dodo. \\'e glory, then, 
in our antiquity. A\"e are Nova Scotians, but not therefore 
iSIicmacs. The carved statues of our ancestors line 
thickly the halls of memory, and so we are able to go 
forward to the battle of life amid the throngs of men 
bearing our banners proudly. And just because we are 
in a new country, where there are no fairies about the 
brooks, no ghosts about the ruins. — where indeed there 
are no ruins, where there is no past — do we cultivate 
the ancient memories with all the keener zest. St. 
Andrew's day is kept by us with an enthusiasm unknown 
in Scotland. \\> love the old land, we sing the old 
songs, we cherish the old associations. A\'e read ' The 
tales of a Grandfather.' and will never forget the days of 
old. \\'e will not hide them from our children, that thev 
may arise antl declare them unto their children. 


3. Scotland. — In presenting' the idea of nationality' to 
you. it was Scottish nationahty 1 referred to. In speak- 
ino" of anti(|uity. it was the influence on us of Scottish 
antiquity that we considered. lUit Scotland itself is that 
to which the North British Society emphatically testi- 
fies. The Society aims to include all the Scotchmen in 
Halifax, and their children, to the third generation ; to 
represent Scotland in this [Vo\ ince. and to be a friend 
in need to any of her poor wandering children who come 
our w^ay. We feel that we owe her much, and that we 
cannot love her too much. And loyalty to her demands 
that we should be loyal to one another. A w^ord then, 
about Scotland itself. 

I know not wdiether I am blinded by partiality or not, 
but it seems to me that there is nowdiere on earth a more 
romantic land. Her streams and burns, her mountains 
and glens, her ' brown heath and shaggy wood,' her foam- 
ino- fells and peaceful lakes, her straths and broad causeys 
are all perfect after their kind. Her mountains are not 
so lofty nor so vast in extent as the great ranges of 
Eurppe ; but they are great enough to fill up and exceed 
the compass of the most far-seeing eye, and that is all 
that is required for effective scenery. In beauty and 
variety of form they are unsurpassed ; and no other 
mountains can boast so gorgeous a garb as their purple 
heather vest. He who has seen " the mor^iing and even- 
ing spread upon the mountains " of Arran. Mull, Perth- 
shire, or the far Xorth, can never forget the spectacle. 
At such a time "Thought was not; in enjoyment it 
expired." The beholder then had a revelation of the 
glory of God in nature, for which he can never be too 
grateful. The annually increasing stream of tourists 
that visit Scotland is sufficient testimony to these charms ; 
but. after all. it is not the mere beauty of form and colour 
that attracts them. It is not so much Ben Au, Ben 
Venue, or the Trossachs that the visitor to Loch Katrine 
inquires for. but Helen's Isle, and the place where 


Snowdon's Knight and fierce Roderick foup^ht. Tweed 
is a fair stream, and so are Ettrick, and Yarrow, and Gala 
Water, but it is the names of Scott, Wordsworth, Hogg, 
Wilson, and others, that l^lend with their musical flow, 
and make them other than the streams of Acadia or New 
England. " The whole land is alive with song and 
story." said Allan Cunningham, of the district around 
Abbotsford ; — '" almost e\ery stone that stands above the 
ground is the record of some skirmish or single com- 
bat ; and every stream, altho its waters be so inconsider- 
able as scarcely to moisten the earth through which the)^ 
run, is renowned in song and ballad." " I can stand," 
said AValter Scott one day, " on the Eilden Hill and 
point out 43 places famous in war and verse." And it is 
the same all the way up and down Moftatdale, and the 
^loorlands of Ayrshire fragrant wuth the memories of 
John IJrown of Priesthill, of Peden. Renwick, and 
Cameron ; — all the way from the Enterkin Pass in the 
South to Drummossie Moor in the Xorth. 

But it is not chiefly of mountains or romantic memor- 
ies that we would speak, ])ut of the actual contributions 
Scotland has made to the cause of mankind. .Vnd here 
l^ardon me, if 1 speak not of her contribution to political 
economy in Adam Smith's wealth of nations, or to sound 
metaphysics in the common sense philosophv of Reid, 
Stewart. Sir William Hamilton, and ]\lcCosh. or to 
modern material civilization in the steam engine of Watt, 
but of what she has done by the efl'ective adaptation of 
the church to modern principles and modern necessities. 
I consider that John Knox and Dr. Chalmers were two 
of the greatest ecclesiastical statesmen the Church of 
Christ has ever had. and the proof of that is that their 
works do follow them, and long after their death they 
are most truly appreciated. Those men did not strive to 
catch the applause of their day and generation, but so to 
build that the edifice should endure. Thev understood 
that the church to do its work ettectuallv must be " broad 


based upon the i)eoi)le's will "' : must l)e identilied with 
their real life, and must rest upcMi their eo-opcration. 
Henee Knox was as anxious al)out edueational as about 
church reform. His scheme of education was no paltry 
l)roviding of " the three R's " for the masses, leaving the 
rich to educate their children as thoroughly or as mock 
thoroughly as they liked. Xo. It was an effective pro- 
vision of parish schools, high schools, and universities, 
at which the poorest man's son. if he had the ability, 
could rise to the top and bless the whole land with his 
disciplined powevs. His scheme made Scotland the best 
educated country in the world, up to the beginning of 
this century ; and had it not been dwarfed and starved 
bv the miserable greed of the nobles, the history of Scot- 
land would have been infinitely brighter than it has 
been. Well does that true Scotchman. Thomas Carlyle, 
call Knox " an hunest-hearted brotherly man ; Ijrother to 
the high, brother also to the low; sincere in his sympa- 
thy with both '■ — That's the true kind of brotherliness ; 
not setting class against class, because he knew that the 
one was needed by the other, and that we are mend^ers 
one of another. "And coming to this nineteenth century. 
Chalmers has the honor of being the only man who 
thoroughly faced that which is the great ecclesiastical 
problem of modern times : How can churches that are 
unconnected with the State be adequately sustained ." 
For the last three centuries, the Church has been estab- 
lished in every country in Europe. The signs of the 
times are to the effect that disestal)lishment is impend- 
ing everywhere. Is religion then to be left to the 
economic law of supply and demand? Theoretically, 
this is absurd, for the opposite law holds good with 
religion, and with material benefits ; where the demand 
is least active, there the religious need is greatest, there 
the supply should be most abundant. And practically, 
the working out of the problem on this continent has 
been, to use the mildest word, unsatisfactory. Chalmers 
conceived the idea of a general Sustentation I-'und made 


up like the revenues of the nation, chiefly from the pence 
of the poor, systematically collected. It seemed at the 
time a devout imagination, but how has it worked? 
Every one of the 800 or goo ministers of the Free Church 
of Scotland receives from that Central Fund at least $750 
a year. 

Both in Education and in Church work have we not 
still much to learn from Knox and Chalmers? 

l)Ut time will not allow me to speak further. Let me 
merely ask, is it not an unspeakable advantage to be con- 
nected as closely as possible with this ancient nationality 
of Scotland? We are. thanks be to God, under the same 
monarchy and the same well proved constitutional forms. 
We receive the influence of her superior political 
enlightenment and elevated public opinion. It may, 
without ofifence, be asserted that we have everything- to 
learn froni her, and nothing from any other nation. 

There may be, as the German radical writer already 
quoted, says, " something enigmatic — nay, seemingly 
absurd, in monarchy. But," he wisely adds, " just in this 
consists the mystery of its superiority." _ Every mystery 
appears absurd ; and yet nothing profound, either in life, 
in the arts, or in the state, is devoid of mystery. 

We do well then to cement the existing bonds of 
union in every possible way, direct and indirect ; and 
especially to rivet and sanctify them by sweet charity. 
I rejoice to know that this North British Society was 
never in so flourishing a condition as it now is ; for 
whereas, the greatest number ever added to its roll in a 
single year before this, was 38, last year 70 new members 
were enrolled. How much we are indebted for this great 
increase to President Macdonald, whose term of office 
expires to-day, we all know and gratefully acknowledge. 
May his successors walk in his steps. 

That God would bless this National Society, that He 
would make us, its members, worthy of our forbears, and 



lliat He would make our works of faith and lal)ors of 
love effective, is the ]:)rayer of your fellow member who 
has had the ])ri\ileii'e to address you. 

After the address a magnificeiit dinner was tablet! by 
Davy. This was the last public dinner held in the old 
;Mason Hall, where the Society, since 1800, had assembled 
so often. The dinner, which was well attended, was a 
j^reat success. The ])oi)ular and well-known President, 
John P. Aluir, well discharging his duties. On propos- 
ing the 8th toast, " The Health of the retiring President 
and ()fTice-bearers," the President announced that he 
had great pleasure in ])erforming a duty intrusted to him 
by the ofifice-bearers and members of the North British 
Society, wdiich was to present the retiring President 
with a slight token of the Society's esteem, accompanied 
with the following address: 

Halifax, 30TI1 Nov., 1873. 

To James S. AIacdoxald, Esq.: 

Sir, — There perhaps never was a time in the history 
of the North British Society, when it was in a more 
flourishing condition, financially and otherwise, than at 
present ; and while viewing the long roll of membership, 
the increasing funds and increasing capacity for useful- 
ness with much pride and satisfaction, its members desire 
to express the opinion unanimously entertained, that for 
very much of that prosperity, they are indebted to the 
zeal and persevering assiduity with which you have 
labored during so many years for the best interests of 
the institution. As Secretary for seven years, your 
duties, always arduous, were performed with a prompt- 
ness and efficiency that won the admiration and confi- 
dence of the members, and greatly lightened the labors 
of the presiding officers. It is to you we are indebted for 
possessing, in a neat printed volume, the annals of the 
Society for the first century of its existence — a volume 
which has done much to revive the interest in the Society 


among its own members, to make it respected among 
Scotchmen generally, and to prove its right to that 
pre-eminence among the National Societies of the Lower 
Provinces which it professed!}- enjoys. Your valued 
services in compiling and editing this useful work, are 
the more highly prized, because, while they involved a 
great deal of research and the expenditure of much time 
and literar}^ labor, they were wholly voluntary and self- 
imposed. On the present occasion, therefore, when you 
are retiring from the presidency and closing a period of 
eight years of uninterrupted labor in the Society's ser- 
vice, your fellow-members, in asking you to accept the 
accompan3-ing volumes, wish to put on record an expres- 
sion of their appreciation of that laljor and of the zeal 
and efficiency with which vou have always performed 
every official duty. For your partner in life the}' also 
desire to express their warmest regards, and they hope 
you will add still further to the obligations under which 
you have placed them by asking her to accept from them 
a small token of their good will, accompanied with the 
prayer that Mrs. Alacdonald and her husband may both 
be long spared to illustrate in their lives those principles 
of pi;ivate virtue and public usefulness, for which they 
are now so justly esteemed by every member of the 
North British Society. 

On behalf of the members. 

JOHX P. ^luiR. 


RoBT. Sedgewick. 

Festival of St. Andrew, 1873. 

The address, which speaks for itself, was accompanied 
with three magnificently bound volumes of The Scottish 
Nation, specially imported from Edinburgh, and a por- 
trait in oils, with an elegant work-table for Airs. Alacdon- 
ald. The first presentation to a retiring President in the 



history of the Institution, it was a pleasing recognition 
of service to the Society, whicli was appreciated and so 
acknowledged by the retiring President. 

The dinner was marked by many eloquent speeches 
from meml)ers. including Chief Justice Young, Rev. Geo. 
M. Grant, the Vice-President, (one of the finest speakers 
of his day), the Lieut. -Governor, the ?^Iayor and other 
distinguished guests. A\'it, mirth, humor and music 
contributed to a most successful celebration which closed 
at 2 a. m. in great harmonv. 

Biographical Notes — 1873. 

John P. Aluir. an eminent member, born at Glasgow% 
Scotland. 1823. a well-known citizen of Plalifax. long 
connected with the water service of the city, came from 
Scotland in 1854. and joined the Society in 1856. A\'as 
for many years a foremost member in the good work of 
the Institution. He was a pleasing speaker and excellent 
singer, and contributed greatly to the social and patriotic 
character of the meetings. He was personally a total 
abstainer, but had no narrow prejudices against those 
wdio had other ideas of temperance. He was elected 
President in 1874. and his year in office was a most 
successful one. He died in 1882. greatly regretted. His 
decease partially eclipsed the enjoyment of the quarterly 
meetings, where his thrilling and musical voice had been 
so often heard, and which had elicited the remark from 
an emotional and esteemed member. " that the company 
of Scots at the North British, with Muir among the 
singers, was the best idea of what we could possibly 
conceive on earth of the very gate of heaven." 

James S. Macdonald, born at Halifax. 7th ^lay, 1837 
eldest son of Robert ^^lacdonald of Dornoch. Sutherland- 
shire, Scotland, educated at Dalhousie College School, 
joined the Society in 1861 ; served 7 years as Secretary; 
elected President^, 1873, and again in 1882: became Per- 


petual ^leniber, 1877; elected historian. 1896; compiled 
and issued First A'olume Annals in 1868; Second \'olume, 
1803 : Third \'olunie. 1905. 

Lieut. -Colonel Charles Gordon, 60th Rifles, of the 
family of Gordons of Embo. Sutherlandshire. was born 
in 1838. entered the army in 1856, and saw much service 
in India and other parts of the Empire. He was popular 
with his corps, and was a most enthusiastic clansman. 
After his departure from Halifax, he was advanced to 
rank of Lieut.-General. and is now living- in retirement 
at St. Helier. Jersey. In 1873 he personally persuaded 
four of his officers. Avhile stationed in Garrison here, to 
join the Society with him. and they attended three of the 
celebrations of St. Andrew. 

Rev. Georg;e ~SL Grant, D. D.. Principal of Queen's 
University. Kingston, sometime minister of St. ^Matthew's 
Church. Halifax, and I'resident and Orator of our 
Society, whose busy and usefvd life was largely devoted 
to the public good, claims our attention for a 1)rief notice 
in this volume. Of his l^irth in Xova Scotia in 1835, his 
school days, of his subsequent employment, and the 
accident of losing his right arm, which turned the current 
of his life to the direction of study and clerical life, we 
will but briefly notice. The wondrous versatility and 
brilliancy (^f his College career, his success and triumphs 
as an Edinl)urgh student and graduate, foreshadowed the 
usefulness of a life destined not to be lived in vain. On 
his arrival in Haifax. he at once, in the Xew St. ^^lat- 
thew's Church, attracted the deep attention of all l)y his 
clear and lucid reasoning powers, his earnest and power- 
ful oratory, and his fearless criticism of public questions ; 
and then onward for twenty years of public life in our 
city, lie stood forward in the pulpit, on the platform, 
and by pen and press, the fearless champion of right and 
patriotic action. He was an extraordinary man. and his 
magnetism and enthusiasm in the right was acknow- 
ledged by all. His interest in the Xortti British Society 




was unbounded and unfailing-, and the best literan- relic 
he has left to the world is his address on Scottish 
Patriotism, given to the Society on Nov. 30th, 1873, 
which will be preserved as long as our Society exists, 
in remembrance of the orator who so often charmed the 
members with his presence and his splendid declamation. 
In 1877, in answer to a call from Queen's University, 
Kingston, he left Halifax, and assumed the Presidency 
of that grand Institution, and for fifteen years he, with 
unwearied diligence and intensity of spirit, effected a 
financial and educational revolution, and became a power 
to be accounted with by all educators throughout Canada, 
and created, from his stalwart and inflexible character, a 
name and fame which made him reverenced as a tower of 
strength and genius. During his connection with the 
North British, the Society had associated with him 
several other grand speakers. At the Quarterly 

Meetings, Chief Justice Young, Hon. \Vm. Garvie, Ed. 
M. Macdonald, Rev. Charles Gr^nt, and others, would 
shine in short and brilliant addresses of patriotic fervor. 
It is needless to say that no such meetings could be 
duplicated the world over, and that we have to congratu- 
late ourselves upon the preservation of at least three 
illustrations of their matchless eloquence, in those splen- 
did eulogies of Grant, Garvie and Young, which adorn 
and enhanced the value of this volume. 

Dr. Grant died on nth May, 1902, lamented by all Can- 
ada as a patriot and scholar who had given his best 
talents to the service of his countrv. 


A most successful year; a popular and enthusiastic 
president ; a splendid and increasing roll of members ; 
interest of the warmest kind apparent at ever}' meeting; 
business and cordiality joined at every gathering of 
members, which were attractive and free from all 
formality and reserve. 


At February meeting the following proposed at last 
Annual Meeting were balloted for and elected, viz : 
D. H. Duncan. A\ alter Fairbairn, 

W'm. Cunningham, Frank ^Morrison. 

W'm. McDonald, Robt. T. Braine, 

J. H. Mc Daniel, Evan Morrison, 

Geo. Morrison, John Wilson, 

Alex. Bremner, J. AIcLennan, 

A. C. ^litchelh 
and the following were proposed and elected at subse- 
quent meetings, viz: 

John McKenzie, Isaac Murrav. 

Jas. B. Forgan, Andrew Macdonald, 

John Cameron. Robt. Esson, 

H. C. Evans. Dr. ^^^ ]\I. Cameron, 

A\'m. Thompson. Charles Grant. 

Jas. S. Scott, Jas. Esson, 

J. R. Gordon, Alex. Grant, 

John Taylor. Geo. S. Campl)ell, 

D. L. Stewart, Jas. G. Eraser, 

John Wilson, John H. Anderson, 

and Hon. Win. Annand was added to roll of Perpetual 

It was agreed this year, after discussing Report of 
Back Dues Committee, that in future any old member 
in arrears could, by payment of fortv dollars, have back 
dues cancelled and be placed on Perpetual Roll. 

The Conversazione held on 26th ]March, at Halifax 
Hotel in celebration of the io6th Anniversary of the for- 
mation of the Society, was a magnificent success. Over 
300 present. The music, speeches, dancing and refresh- 
ments were to the satisfaction of all concerned. 

The Society lost by death in May. E. ]\I. ^Macdonald, 
its talented Vice-President, editor of The Journal, and 
Collector of Port of Halifax. A minute of the Society's 
regret was ordered to be recorded, and a copy sent to 
the familv. 


Rev. Geo. M. (jrant was, at the Aiit;ust meeting, 
elected to fill the \acant office for reniaiiuler of term. 

The report of the Ikiilding Committee, appointed to 
procure a suitable plan for a Building for the Society., 
represented that a good site was available for a Hall in a 
central part of the City, and submitted a plan which was 
favorably considered and approved by the members A 
new committee was appointed to report further on the 
matter, but the want of funds for the purpose, led, after 
repeated reports, to its being dropped. 

The death of another most estimable member, Don- 
ald Alurray, was announced this year. For a generation 
2^Ir. ^lurray w^as head and front of all Scottish interests, 
in the country ; his decease was heard of with profound 
regret. As President, he filled the Chair twice, and for 
many years was Chairman of Committee of Charity. It 
was decided by the Society to place his name oa Per- 
petual list, and as a mark of the members" esteem for 
deceased, the memberis to each contribute a small amount 
toward this object, and complete same during next year. 
A minute of the Society's estimation of deceased was 
also placed on record, and a copy sent to the familv. 

The Annual ^Meeting was largely attended, the reports 
all interesting, and showing the Society well to the front 
• in efficieny and prospects. 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1875 : 

Rev. Geo. M. Grant, D. D., President; 

Jas. C. Mackintosh, I' iee-P resident ; 

John H. Johnston, Seiir. Asst. Juce-Presideiit; 

Hon. Jas. AIcDonald, Jinir. do., do.: 

Geo. Alitchell. Teasiirer; 

J. J. Stewart, Secretary: 

Lydiard Alclntosh, Asst. Secretary; 


49« AXXALS OF Tflli 

Alex. Stephen, Senr. 

Jas. Farquhar, 

A\'m. Hedley. V Coininiftcc of Charity. 

Dr. T. R. Fraser, | 

M. M. Lindsay. J 

T. Brenton Gordon. I _, , t-^ 

r, . , ™ , r Lommittc: Back Dues; 

Ben J .A . i aylor, I 

Wm. Hood. Marshal: 

Rev. John Campbell. Chaphiiu: 

[ohn Patterson. Piper and Messenger: 

The Festival of St. Andrew was grandly celebrated. 
The Society attended Divine Service at St. Andrew's 
Church, when the annual sermon was preached by the 
Chaplain. Rev. John Camp1)ell : the music on the occasion 
w^as beautiful. After service, the members and guests 
assembled at Halifax Hotel, where the usual dinner was 
held. The President. Rev. G. M. Grant, was supported 
bv a company composing the leading men of the Society 
and City. The Lieut. -Governor, Chief Justice Young, 
Hon. Peter ^litchell, Hon. Jas. McDonald, General 
Laurie, the Mayor, and manv of the Ami}' anrl Xavy. 
The dinner well served, the wines excellent and abundant 
and the good humor and fellowship of the com])an}' per- 
fect. The Chairman, a brilliant man. set a good example 
in short, witty and pith}' introductions to the toasts. A 
specimen ma}' be here gi\en : 

"His Excellency the (iovernor-Cieneral. ( Earl Duff erin). 
Ripe scholar and enterprising }achtsman. thought- 
ful statesman, anrl ready orator, nian of letters, and 
nian of the world, well ma}' we be proud of him as 
he is proud of this Dominion, over which he rules as 
representative of our Queen."' 

And so on through a long list, his brief trenchant and 
elegant introductions were marvels of condensed and 
brilliant thought, and worthy of preservation as models 
for all future occupants of the Chair on St. Andrew's 


night. The nuisic, thoroughly Scottish and ])atriotic. was 
a great feature of tliis most successful dinner. The 
speeches l^y Chief Justice Young and the Lieut. -Gover- 
nor and other notables were, as usual, good. The 
Company separated at 2 a. m., in great harmony, a signal 
triuni])h for the cloth in our Society, as Mr. Grant was 
the first clerg\-man who exer occupied the Chair of the 
XoiMii l*)i-:rrisii S()t■]l■:T^■. 

.\s might be anticipated with so eminent a Divine 
in the Chair, the Society flourished. The following were 
admitted during- the year as Ordinary Members : 
A. ^1. Scott, H. Kennedy, 

John Sutherland, John R. Murray, 

Henry McKenzie, Xorman Sinclair, 

Robt. A. Tjrims, John Campbell, 

Alex. McDonald, J. M. Robinson, 

Hon. W. Ross. And. Grant, 

A. A. Turnljull. James Halliday, 

John Jack. A. McKay, 

Geo. Taylor, Jas. Fraser, 

Fred. Fraser, Robt. Fairgrave, 

Rev. Allan T'ollok Thos. F^^sche. 

Xeil C. Dult, J. R. Macdonald, 

Henry J. Esson, John McLeod, 

Geo. L. Grant, 
and the name of Donald Murray was placed on Perpetual 
List bv private subscription of friends who thus paid a 
tribute to the worth, work and memory of this most 
estimable meml)er. 

The following were elected Honorary Mem1)ers: 

Alex. McKav, M. P. P., 1 ^. , 

Hugh J. Cameron, I 

At the ^lay meeting a Mr. Somerled Dalziel was 
introduced to the Society. He wishing the Society to 
help him contest his claim to the Earldom of Carnworth 


was aided by members in his subsequent efforts, and 
obtained a large amount in settlement of his demand, 
although he failed in obtaining the Earldom. 

The Society disbursed a large amount in Charity, 
S878, many applicants being liberally dealt with. The 
Dispensary was granted $50, and other charities remem- 
bered, giving an idea of the liberality and usefulness of 
this Institution. 

At the Annual Meeting, after disposal of a large 
amount of business, the election of office-bearers for 1876 
resulted as follows : 

Hon. James McDonald. President: 

Jas. C. [Mackintosh, Vice-President; 

Robert Sedgewick, Senr. Asst. do.; 

Peter Grant, Jioir. do., do.; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

John J. Stewart, 1 ,, ^ . 

•^ ySeeretari:s: 

Jas. S. Macdonald, | 

A. Stephen, Senr.. 

Dr. Fraser, 

John Watson, Committee of Charity. 

John Taylor, 

John P. Muir, 

Wm. Hood, Marshal; 

Rev John Campbell, Chaplain; 

John Patterson, Piper and Messenger. 

The Festival was well honored, but the sermon was 
abandoned, as it interfered with the dinner. The Festival 
was held at Halifax Hotel, and was marked by a grand 
attendance of members and guests. The Governor, the 
General and Staff', Judges, .Mayor, and a goodly number 
of notables being present. Hon. Jas. McDonald filled 
the Chair most acceptably. The toasts well introduced 
and responded to by many eloquent speakers, among 
whom were Governor Archibald, Chief Justice Young, 
Judge A\'. A. Henry, John S. D. Thompson, Robt. Sedge- 



wick. ]vc\-. (j. -M. (Srant, and a host of others who 
subseciucntly became occupants of most distin<:;uishecl 
positions. 1 he Hst was (hs}X)sed of by 2 a. ni. The 
dinuLi- and celebration w'ere in every way a crecHt to 
the Society. 

Biographical Note — 1874. 

James Halhda}'. born at llutton, Dumfriesshire, Scot- 
land, 1853, educated at Dumfries. Tn early life he took 
an active part in military matters, and was prominent for 
several years in the 105th Lanarkshire Hiohland X'olun- 
teers, a kilted corps, of wdiich the ]\larc|uis of Lome was 
Colonel. He came U^ Halifax in 1873, and joined the 
Society in 1874, and since then has occupied the Senior 
and Junior \'ice-Chairs of the Society, and was elected 
President for current year (1905). He is District Deputy 
Grand Mastei; of the Masonic (Jrder, a most active mem- 
ber of the City Council. Chief of Clan McLean, elected a 
second term, and was its first Past Chief, and has proved 
himself a good representative Scottish citizen and an 
energetic and trusted member of our Societ}'. 

Biographical Note — 1875. 

Chief Justice AIcDonakl, born in Xova Scotia, 1828, 
of Highland descent ; called to the P>ar of Xova Scotia 
1851, created a O. C, 1867; entered ])olitics early in life, 
and was several times elected to the Local Assembly, and 
to House of Commons; Minister, of Justice, 1878; 
appointed Chief Justice of Xova Scotia 1881. Joined the 
XoRTH British Society, 1864, and has taken a warm 
interest in all i)ertaining to the Institution. After filling- 
several offices, he Avas elected President in 187O, a posi- 
tion he filled with great acceptance. He has proved him- 
self not only a popular member, but a worthy successor 
to the several Chief Justices who have filled the office of 
T^resident since our foundation. 



The quarterly meeting-s of this year were attended 
hy a remarkably large number of members. The third 
conversazione held at Hesslein's Hall 26th Alarch, was 
an immense success. The pipe music a specialty. 

The Society has gained great credit for this most 
popular style of entertainment, allowing the families of 
the Society to participate in the enjoyment of the cele- 

Over 400 were present. Speeches, music and dancing 
made the time pass rapidly to i a m., when tlie company 

The following were elected (!)rdinarv Members dur- 
ing the year : 

John Lyle. John McLaughlin, 

A\'m Knight Chas. Ross, 

J. M G. Stewart, John Cameron, 

and A\ m. Bauld and James Thomson, for over 50 years 
members, were placed by payment of $40 each on Per- 
])etual List. 

The Chaplain. Rev. John Campbell, of St. Andrew's 
Presbyterian Church, of this City, at the August meeting 
announced his near departure for Edinburgh, wdiere he 
had been called, and tendered his resignation of 
office. It w^as accepted, and his name added to roll of 
Honorary Members, as a mark of the Society's apprecia- 
tion of his services. 

At the Annual fleeting, the assets of Society were 
reported to be $7. 21 1.42. although a large sum had been 
expended in charity. 1 he Society also decided that on 
and after next Festival of St. Andrew, whenever the same 
is celebrated by a dinner, the sum of one dollar be de- 
ducted from cost of ticket of each member attending, and 
paid out of funds of the Society on presentation of the 
Secretary's memo to the Treasurer, certified by the 



I'hc Society, at this (hitr, was in the height of pros- 
peritx. In eioht years the Roll of Ordinary Members 
had increased steadil}^ from 120 in 1868 to 278 in 1876. 
The Per])etual List also showed substantial gains. So 
that the active membership of the Society coidd now be 
counted at nearly three hundred. This betokened a 
living interest in the Institution by many enthusiastic 
workers, and good executi\-e results in all departments. 
The Presidents had been well selected; onl}' popular and 
efificient men being elected. Strong efforts were made 
b\- all to increase the RcjII, and many of the younger men 
of the Scottish community were secured, and the meetings 
were marked In- a splendid attendance. The suppers 
were models of social enjoyment. The flow of wit, song 
and sentiment was far above the a\erage of such gather- 
ings, and were all occasions worthy of remembrance. 
Rev. George Al. Grant, Hon. \\'m. Young, Geo. Buist, 
Capt John Taylor, John P. Muir. John Doull, Alexander 
Stephen, John H. Johnstone, Alexander Scott. John S. 
]\Iaclean, and a host of other worthy members constantly 
attended the Quarterly Aleetings. Those fraternal 
gatherings w^ere scenes of cultivated patriotic and hal- 
lowed intercourse, worthy the membership of the Society. 

The quartcrlv -dues were raised this year to one dol- 
lar. The old trouble about the suppers was again up 
for. discussion, but was finally settled at two hot and two 
cold as at present. The election of office-bearers for 
1877 resulted as follows : 

Jas. C. -Mackintosh, President: 

Hon ^^^ Ross, F/Vr do.: 

Chas. I. Macdonald, Scnr. .Isst. do: 

J. H. Johnston, /;/;;/'. do. do.: 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

Jas. B. Forgan. Secretary: 

( ieo. S. Campbell, . /-s\sY. do.; 


Alex. Stephen, Senr, \ 

John A\^at?on, I 

j. P. Muir, > Coniiitittcc of Charity. 

Dr. T. R. Fraser 

John Taylor, 

kev. Allan Pollok, D. D.. Chaplain: 

J. S. Mac Kay, Marshal; 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was splendidly celebrated 
bv the members and guests dining together at the 
Halifax Hotel ; all the notables of the Province were therjC. 
The Lieut. -Governor, the Chief Justice, the heads of 
Departments, the Presidents of St. George's and Irish 
Societies, the Judges and other distinguished members 
and guests. 

The programme of toasts was appropriately headed : 





in memory of the brave self-sacrificing men who came to 
us from over the border a century ago." 

The President, James C. Mackintosh, discharged the 
honors of the Chair with great satisfaction to all partici- 
pating. His introductions to the various toasts were 
perfect, vivid, picturesque and condensed ; they fell upon 
the car like the rapid firing of a well-served battery. 
The excellent replies, for manv good speakers were pre- 
sent. Among the speakers on this occasion was the 
Rev. Geo. M. Grant, who made a notable address. This 
was his last appearance at a celebration of Saint Andrew 
in Halifax. The well arranged concerted pieces of Scot- 
tish music and the grandlv served tables — mav we add 



the hue wines which were all used tcmperatcl}-. left not 
a prosv moment from 8 to 2 a m, when tlie company 
])arte(l in i^reat harmony. 


A good President, a good staiT of Assistants, and 
quarterly meetings well attended, could ha^•e but one 
result — a successful 3'ear for the Institution. 
The following were elected members: 
R. B. Baxter. Alex. Walker, 

j. M. Patterson, Roderick Alacdonald, I. C. R., 

\\ . -M. Alacdonald. [as. Fraser, 
Jas. R. Fraser. Thos. (jrant. 

Rev. Thos. Duncan, Jas. Yeoman. 

Lt. Xorman Leckie, 97th Regt. 

Alex. Stephen, Senr., and Jas. S. ?\Iacdonald were, by 
])ayment of $40 each, unanimously elected Perpetual 
Alembers, and Rev. Ci. M. Grant, leaving Halifax for 
Kingston, and Alex. Shearer were transferred to Hon- 
orary List. 

300 copies Rules and lly-Laws were printed. $50 
donated to Dispensary. S500 expended by Charity 
Committee. And the minutes of meetings shew in the 
discussions of various subjects before Society an interest 
by members generally, an excellent index of the Society's 

At the Annual Meeting, wliich was largely attended, 
the following were elected office-ljearers for enstnng 
year : 

Hon. A\'. Ross, President: 

Alex. Stephen. ]'icc do.: 

Dr. T. R. Fraser, Scnr ..Isst. do.: 

Dr. A. P. Reid. Jiiiir. do., do: 

Geo. Alitchell, Treasurer: 

Jas. B. Forgan, Secretary: 

Geo. S. Campbell, .^ssf. do: 


John ^^'atson. 

John P. Mnir. I 

John Taylor. '. Coimiiiffce of Cliarifv. 

Duncan Grant, 

Ang"us ^IcLeod, J 

Hugh ]^Iurray, i 

Geo. S. Campbell, - Back Dues: 

J. S. McKay. I 

Rev. Prpf. Pollok, D. D., i , 

-n -T-1 T>> \ (- li^iplaiiis; 

Rev. i homas Duncan. | ' 

J. S. AIcKay. Marshal; 

John Patterson, P/'/rr a)ui Messenger. 

The satisfactory work of Treasurer and Secretary 
was duh- acknowledg-ed by vote of thanks of Society. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated by the 
usual dinner at Halifax Hotel. The toast list was as 
follows : 

I. The Pious Mkmokv of Saint Andrew. 

II. The Querx : 

The Mother of Her People 

III. The Prince and Princess of Wales, and other Members of 

THE Royal Family 

IV. His Excellency the Governor-General, and His Honor 

the Lieutenant-Governor. 

V. Scotland, the Father Land : 
Ever Dear to Scotsmen 

VI. The Land We Live in : 

" Home, Sweet Home " 

VII. Ouu Guests : 

We give them a Scottish Welcome. 

VIII. The Clergy : 

Self-denying and Faithful. 
IX. Our Sister Societies : 

.Co-labourers in the Great Work of Charit\'. 

X. Army, X^avy, and Local Forces: 
The Nation's Bulwarks. 

XI. The Mayor and Corpor.\tion : 

Protectors of Civic Rights. 



XII. The Poets of Scotl vnd: 

A Long and Illnstrious Line. 

XIIL 'I'jiK Bench and Bau : 

The Safeguard of the Liberties of the People. 

XIV. The Medical Profession, 
XV. The Press: 

Mightier than the Sword. 
XVI. The Fair DACcaiTERS of Acadia : 

They B oom amid the Snow. 
XVII. OiK Next Merkv Meeting : 

Auld Lang Syne. 

Among- the speakers were two Perpetual Members, 
(their last appearance before the Society), Alex. ]\IcLeod 
and James Thomson, who were respectively 52 and 53 
years member^s of the Institution. 

The music. Scottish and patriotic, was beautifid, and 
loudly applauded by the company, which parted at 3 
a. m., delighted. 

Biographical Note — 1877. 

James C. Mackintosh, son of John ^lackintosh, one of 
the best known Scotsmen of his generation in Halifax, 
was born in this city in 1841, joined the Society in 1859. 
and is to-day one of its most esteemed and active mem- 
bers. After serving as Secretary in i860, and Senior and 
Junior Vice, he was elected President in 1877, and filled 
the office to the great satisfaction of the members, becom- 
ing a Perpetual Member in 1897. Mr. Mackintosh's busi- 
ness car;eer has been marked by great activity. As a 
banker, he has w^on success, and in various positions 
demanding brain power and resource, he has given good 
service to the various Instittitions he has been connected 
with. In the City Council as Alderman and Mayor, he 
inaugurated several improvements and public works of 
considerable magnitude. While Mayor, he laid the 


fouinlation of the Dry Dock, one of the finest in America, 
and was the means of renovating the old Parade, and 
having- it rebuilt, giving it foundations and walls worthy 
of the pyramids to surround and support a pu1)lic l^reath- 
ing place identified with the earliest days of our City, 
and now, instead of an unsightly ruin, a joy to everjy 
])eholder. For this the citizens must thank the then 
]\Iayor, who thus redeemed the appearance of our 
City. As an active member of the Society, Mr. Mackin- 
tosh is still to the front, and was unanimously elected a 
member of the Committee under whose supervision the 
present edition of Annals is being published. 


The 4th Conversazione, held on 4th Alarch. 1878. at 
Masonic Hall, in commemoration of the iiith Anniver- 
sary of the Society, was a brilliant reunion. 

This was a busy year with the Society. The appoint- 
ment of the Marquis of Lome as Governor-General of 
Canada, who, with the Princess Louise, arrived at Halifax 
on 26th Nov.. brought the Society very prominently 
before the public as an Institution having a national 
intent and right to be to the front in any welcome which 
would be accorded this distinguished pair. The Society 
appointed a committee to prepare an address to the 
Marquis, which was beautifully engraved and illuminated 
on parchment .and read as follows: 

To His E.vcclloicv flic most Honorable Joint, Marquis of 
Lome, GoTcnior-Gcncral of Canada: 

Max it please your Exeelhvwx: 

We, the members of the North British Society, 
of Halifax, embrace the earliest opportunity of olTering 
to Your Excellencv a hearty Scottish welcome to Canada. 



Our charitable Society has from time to time, durin^e: 
its existence of one hundred and ten years, enrolled 
amongst its members, or entertained as its guests, many 
of Scotland's most distinguished sons, but we have never 
felt a greater pride than at this moment when we are 
privileged to welcome to Nova Scotia the heir to the 
fortunes and traditions of the historic House of Argyle. 
As Scotsmen, we cannot fail at this time to remember the 
distinguished part which your ancient and noble family 
has. during trying periods, taken in the eventful history of 
Scotland, and the great sacrifices which so many of your 
forefather,? have made in the cause of civil and religious 
liberty, and we consider it a most fortunate event that 
has given to Your Excellency, as the representative of 
Her Majesty, in this large, important and loyal depen- 
dency of the British Crown, an opportunty of earning 
distinction for yourself, and increasing the fame of your 
illustrious House. 

As loyal subjects we recognize the distinction which 
Her Most Gracious Majesty has conferred upon us in the 
appointment of one so nearly allied to the Throne, and 
entrusting to the generous devotion of the people of 
Canada a beloved and distinguished member of her own 
family ; and to Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise 
we beg to tender an enthusiastic and respectful welcome. 

In conclusion, let us assure your Excellency of that 
unabated loyalty to the Throne which has ever distin- 
guished our race, and of our deep respect for your 
Excellency as Her Majesty's representative, and to 
express the hope that the term of your administration 
may be one of prosperity and peace to the nation and 
much happiness to you and your Royal Consort, and that 
when, in the inevitable course of events, you are called to 
leave us, you may carry with you a pleasing remembrance 
of your sojourn in the Dominion of Canada. 



Gentlemen of the North British Society of Halifax: 

The thanks of Her Majesty's representative are due 
to you for the expression of loyal devotion to the Queen 
which characterizes your address, and I thank you for 
your happy allusion to the pledge of affection given by 
Her Alajesty to Canada in permitting her daughter to 
make her home among its people. 

The charitable society which you represent, and which 
has done so much to assist our fellow-countrymen, not 
only those who actually hail from Scotland, but all 
deserving the honor of your support, shows that you, in 
this land, have not forgotten the ancient traditions of 
your country, but that you are ready to lend a helping 
hand where such may tend to alleviate distress, and that 
you are as easily touched by sympathy for your fellow- 
countrymen as were your fathers, whose good-will to 
men has made the phrase " a kindly Scot " a familiar 
word. You may be sure that the interests of your Society 
will always find in me a friend. 

The subjects of Her Majesty, belonging as they all do 
to one mighty Empire, are bound in honour to use their 
vast energies for the prosperity of the whole, but it does 
not detract from their power to do so, but on the con- 
trar}- promotes it that they should bear in remembrance 
from what nation they come, and that such memories 
should stir to a useful rivalry the energies of each. 

I thank you for the good will you have shown to me 
personally, and you may well believe how pleasant it is 
to me to receive a welcome from so useful, energetic and 
representative a body as the North British Society of 
Halifax, with whose history many who have never set 
foot here are familiar, and whose long and illustrious list 
of members speaks of the estimation in which it has at 
all times been held. 


Halifax, Nov. 26th. 1878. 


The reception was enthusiastic, and embraced repre- 
sentatives from I'ictou, Sydney. Anti^a^onish, Charlotte- 
town, and otlier Scottish centres, and the procession 
was picturesciue and impresssive. 

The XoRTH British Society's Arch, erected on 
Pleasant St., near the Presbyterian Manse, was far and 
away ahead of all the other arches erected. At nio^ht it 
was illuminated and representing^, as it did. the battle- 
ments and towers of Inverar}' Castle, it was i^reatly 
admired by the Princess and Marquis. 

During- the year the following were elected Ordinary 
Members : 

Lt. General Sir Patrick L. McDougall, K. C. B.. 
Col. A. S. Cameron, \'. C. 2r)th Cameronians, 
John Murray, Donald Munro, 

John Brunton, Jas. Jack, 

John Dewar. Rev. Robt. Laing, 

John W'hitlan, Thos. Wilson, 

Geo. Cunningham. 

And the following were elected Honorary Membcr,s : 

Geo. Hogg, Galashields, 
Frank Morrison. 
J. Scott Hutton. 

and John McXal) was elected a Per])etual Mend)er. on 
paying the sum of $40. 

A pleasing incident connected with the Charity Com- 
mittee occurred this year. Several of our countrymen 
were helped by the Society to return to Scotland. They 
had not more than got across the Atlantic when the 
amount was returned, over $150, with the warmest thanks 
of the parties so relieved out of temporary diflficulties. 
The various reports of Treasurer and Committees showed 
a most successful year. The total assets, at close of year. 


I'lie followinj;:^ were chosen office-bearers for 1879: 

Lieut. -Col. Charles J. Macdonald. President: 

Robt. Sedgewick, J lee do.: 

John Watson, Seiir. Asst. do.: 

Roderick r\Iacdonald. Jitiir. Asst. do.; 

(ieo. Alitchell. Treasurer: 

J as. B. Forgan. Seeretary: 

Geo. S. Campbell. Asst. do.: 

John Taylor. 

Duncan (irant. 

J. P. Muir. \ Co:ivuittee of Chanty. 

Angus McLeod. | 

J. Scott Mi 

Rev Thos. Duncan. ) 

Rev. Prof. Pollok, D. l),^ Chatlains; 

J. J. McKay. Marshall: 

John Patterson. Pij^cr. 

It was decided that as St. Andrew's this year falls on 
Saturday, the celebration of the Festival take place on 
]\Ionday, 2nd December. 

The Festival was celebrated by the annual dinner at 
Halifax Hotel. Lieut. -Col. Charles J. Macdonald, Presi- 
dent, presided, having on his right, (General Sir Patrick 
L. Macdougall. on his left the Admiral, Sir E. A. 
Inglefield, and right and left a brilliant company, among 
whom were Chief Justice Sir W. Young, Judge Des- 
Barres, Capt. D'Arcy Irving, of the Flag Ship, with 
several other officers of the X'avy. the officers of the 
General's Staff, General Laurie, Col. Cameron, \'. C, 
26th Cameronians. Col. Freemantle, Coldstream Guards, 
Hon. John S. D. Thompson, Premier Holmes, Rev. Prof. 
Pollok, Rev. Thos. Duncan, the ^Mayor, Hon. Samuel 
Creelman, and many other leading men. The Vice- 
Chairman, Robt. Sedgewick, was supported b}- Col. 
Annesly and Capt. Tweedie, 97th Regt. 150 were pre- 
sent ; the members comprising largely the wealth and 

< J ■ 



intelligence of Halifax. The toast list, a long one, was 
got through with by 2 a. m. The speech of the 
evening was given by Admiral Inglefiekl, who was born in 
Halifax, his father being in charge of the Dockyard here 
at the time. The Admiral spoke of his career, his pride 
and affection for Halifax, his veneration for the North 
British Society, having heard his father speak of the 
dinners he had attended of the Society so long ago, and 
congratulated the Society on the great success it had 
scored in the welcome to the Princess during the past 
week. The Admiral related an anecdote woi?th pre- 
serving. In the fleet at present in the harbor was the 
Frigate Black Prince, commanded by the Duke of Edin- 
burgh, second son of Her Majesty. The Prince was last 
week called upon by a black woman from Preston, who 
appeared very anxious to see him, as she always thought 
Her Majesty was white, her curiosity being aroused to 
know how if white, she had a son a Black Prince. The 
woman had got the ship and Captain mixed, with above 
result. Sir Wm. Young's speech was loudly cheered, 
being of unusual force and eloquence. Sir Wm. said he 
had been a member of the North British for over ai 
half a century, and he was never so proud of her as to- 
night. He was, although growing old, feeling all his old 
Scottish fervor. When he saw last week the North 
British Society Arch, when he heard so many grand 
pipers, he felt all the ardor of his old enthusiasm. People 
asked him, " Can you admire the music?" Of course he 
did. Was it not a remembrance of the old glory and the 
new glory as well, of Scotland ? People also ask, why do 
you Nova Scotians love Britain so well? Why should 
we not love Britain? Was it nothing to be associated 
with the greatest Empire in the world? 

The gallant Highlander, Col. Cameron, who won the 
Victoria Cross in India, in one of the most gallant achieve- 
ments of the time, also spoke of the pleasure it gave him 
to stand there as a member of the North British, a 


Society he had heard much of from brother officers in all 
parts of the Empire. 

General McDotigall. in replying, also spoke of his 
having lately joined the Xorth British, a Society his 
father had joined when Inspector of Militia of Nova 
Scotia in 1829. Sir John Thompson, General Laurie, Dr. 
Pollok, Robt. Sedgewick, antl others, delivered stirring 
and eloquent speeches. 

The music was also a feature, principally chorus, 
" Scots wae hae,'' " Annie Laurie," " Will ye nae come 
back again," " Bonnie Doon," etc., joined in and greatly 
appreciated and enjoyed by all present. The Festival, in 
method, finish of detail, enthusiasm, and attendance, was 
one of the most enjovable ever held bv the Societv. 

Biographical Notes — 1878. 

General Sir Patrick Leonard AIcDougall, born in 
Sutherlandshire, 1818, entered the army as 2nd Lieut, in 
1836, was in India for 10 years in hard campaign duty 
all the time; also, through the Crimean War with great 
credit ; 4 medals. Transferred at close of war to the 
Intelligence Department, and was in command of the 
forces in Canada when Princess Louise and the Marquis 
of Lorne were here in 1878 ; became member of the 
Xorth British Society. He was a popular com- 
mander and author of several valuable military works — • 
■■ The Theory of War," " Modern Warfare as influenced 
bv Modern Artillery." " Campaigns of Hannibal," 
" Sutherlandshire men who distinguished themselves in 
the service of H. E. I. Company," and other works. The 
General died in 1893, aged 75 years, leaving no issue. 



Lieut.-Col. Charles J. Macclonald, a son of Robert 
Macdonald. Dornoch. Scotland, was born in Halifax, 
1841, antl educated at Dalhousie College School, then 
studied law, and was called to the Bar in 1872. l^)ok an 
active part in militia matters ; Lieut.-Col. 66th Halifax 
Battalion, 1874. served in the Xorth-West rebellion, 
(medal), also medals for; long service and Fenian Raid; 
Grand Master of Freemasons, 1888. 1889; elected member 
for Halifax in X. S. Assembly, 1878, also member of 
Holmes-Thompson cabinet until his appointment to Post 
Office Inspectorship in 1879, which position he occupied 
until his death. He joined the North British Society 
in 1873, was elected President in 1878, and became 
Perpetual Member in 1902. He was a favorite in the 
Society, and died greatly regretted in 1903. 

1879- ■ 

The meetings of the Society this year, were interesting. 
A vote of thanks was passed to Alex. Walker, 
an artist, who had designed a splendid diploma for 
members of the Society. 'Sir. Walker was presented 
with a diploma, grandly framed, for his talent dis- 
played in designing the Arch, and for many gratuitous 
services he had rendered the Society in connection with 
the recent Governor General's reception. Complimentary 
diplomas were also ordered by the Society to be pr;esented 
to Sir \\\ Young, John Brander, John Gibson, Alex. 
McLeod, James Thomson, all old and most esteemed 
members. A very handsomely framed diploma for the 
Marquis of Lome was also forwarded to Ottawa on his 
election as Honor^ary Member. 

The following were admitted members during the 
year : 

John S. Dodd, Israel M. Ross, 

J. M. Chisholm. Alex. Ramsay, 

Jas. Morrison. 


H. F. McDougall and Marquis of Lome were elected 
Honorary Members. 

]\Ir. A. ^IcKenzie, editor of the " Celtic Magazine," 
Inverness, a talented lecturer visiting Xova Scotia, 
delivered a lecture in August on Bruce, under the aus- 
pices of the Society, at the Academy. ]\Ir. AIcKenzie 
was subsequently entertained by the members of North 
British and Highland Societies at a most enjoyabl'e 
supper. After his return to Scotland, Mr. McKenzie, in 
a most brilliant article in his magazine, acknowledged the 
great honor that had been paid him in Halifax. The 
Society this year lost a foremost member in Geo. Buist, 
whose death was greatly lamented. A letter of condo- 
lence was sent to the family, and minute of esteem for 
his long service in Societys interests ordered to be 
entered upon the books of the Institution. 

The \'arious reports presented showed that all 
Society's affairs had been well attended to, several 
needy countrymen had been forwarded to Scotland and 
many had been relieved and looked after by Charity 

The Treasurer's reports showed that the Charity 
Committee had spent ^5538. The balance over and 
above private subscriptions of members to Society's 
reception to Governor-General and Princess, paid by 
Treasurer, was $216. That the cost of printing on'^' 
thousand Certificates of Membership was $137; that $60 
had been paid to Society's bursar}^ Dalhousie College, 
and other amounts, making a total of $1,350 spent during 
the year. 

At Annual Meeting the following members wer.e 
chosen office-bearers for 1880: 

Hon. Robert Sedgewick, Prcsidciif; 

Rev. Allan Pollok, D. D., Vice do.; 

Roderick Macdonald, Sciir. Assf. Vice; 

Dr. W. M. Cameron, Jimr. Asst. Vice; 


Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

Geo. S. Campbell, Secretary; 

James Yeoman, Assf. do.; 

John r. Muir, 

Alex. Stephen | Committee 

J. Scott ^litchell, I of 

Angus McLeod, | Charity; 

Duncan Grant, / 

J. S. ]\IcKay. Marshal; 

Rev. Robetrt Laing, ] 

Rev. Thomas Duncan, j Chaplains; 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated on Alonday, 
ist Dec. (the Anniversary falling on Sunday) by the 
members and guests dining together at Halifax Hotel ; a 
large assemblage surrounded the tables. The President, 
Robt. Sedgewick, well discharged his duties, ably assisted 
by Dr. Pollok, A'ice-Chairman. The Governor, the Gen- 
eral, the Chief Justice, the Judges and numerous repre- 
sentatives of the Bar of the Province, Premier Holmes 
and the Local CalMnet, and the Presidents of Sister 
Societies were among the guests present. Dispatches of 
congratulation were read from Sister Scottish Societies 
in New York, Philadelphia, and Montreal, also one from 
Rev. Principal Grant, Kingston. The speeches were 
excellent as usual, indeed a poor speaker is seldom or 
never heard at the Society's dinners. Chief Justice Young, 
although about to celebrate his 8ist birthday and golden 
wedding, showed that he could " join the ripe oratory of 
age to the fervor and glow of youth." The reply of 
Attorney-General J. S. D. Thompson to the Bench and 
Bar was a great effort. Commissary General Murray 
and General Laurie, Senator Almon, and others, added 
to the interest of the celebration. The company separa- 
ted at 2 a. m., not one leaving the table until Auld Lang 
Syne gave the signal for retreat. 


Biographical Notes — 1879. 

Alexander Stephen, Jr., born at Halifax, 1845, son of 
Alex. Stephen, Senr^, who was President of the Society in 
1867, joined the Society in 1873, and has since that date 
been among the most useful and active members of the 
Institution. In 1895 ^"^^ was elected President, and his 
administration was marked by much enthusiasm and 
success. During his term of ofifice as Mayor of Halifax, 
in 1897, the celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen 
Victoria was celebrated, and resulted in a great burst of 
loyal and patriotic fervor. The City rose to the occasion, 
and upon the Mayor fell much of the labor and expense 
incidental to the position. On 21st June, our Xatal Day, 
he gave a State banquet, the first ever given by a Mayor 
of this City. It was a brilliant function ; among the 
guests were the mayors of the cities and towns of the 
Maritime Provinces, the consuls of the different foreign 
powers. General Lord Seymour, Admiral Sir John Fisher, 
with a large staff of navy and army officials, Chief Justice 
Macdonald, Lieutenant-Governor Daly, and many of the 
leading men of the Province. The whole arrangements 
wei;e carried out under the supervision, and at the entire 
cost, of the Mayor, and was distinguished by a dignity 
and thoroughness which reflected great credit upon the 
City, and placed Halifax in the position it should occupy 
as leader of the progress and destinies of the Province. 
This celebration was a most noted one, and was pro- 
nounced by the press of the Dominion as a function 
which could not be duplicated on this side the Atlantic. 
During Mr. Stephen's term of office, he also received 
the deputation from Bristol, which came to Halifax to 
celebrate the 400th Anniversary of the discovery of Nova 
Scotia by Cabot. The same summer, the Governor- 
General, Earl Aberdeen, visited Halifax ; in his suite 



came several eminent men ; receptions, Innches and din- 
ners followed as a matter of conrse, all of Avhich dnties 
were discharged by the Ma\or in a manner reflecting 
credit upon the City, and upon himself, in the hig^h per- 
sonal qualifications he brouis^ht to aid him in the post he 
occupied as a re]:)resentati\'e citizen. 

Tn CA'cry way Mr. Ste])hen has ):)ro\ed a most useful 
and energ"etic member of the Xortii British Society. 
An eloquent and forcible s]:)eaker. he has been alwaA^s 
listened to with attention, and his ideas, fresh, original 
and vigorous, haAC, (hiring the past thirty years, had 
mtich to do in influencing the course of action of the 

Hon. William Annand, son of William Annand, who 
was a foremost member of our Society in 1785, was for 
many years prominent in politics and journalism in this 
Province. He will be remembered -as a literary man, for 
his ver\- able com])ilation of Joseph Howe's letters and 
i)ublic speeches. He joined the Societ}- in 1840, and 
filled various ofifices, and was one of the incorporators 
of the Institution in 1856, and became a Perpetual Mem- 
l)er in 1874. He was a worthy and respected member, 
and a welcome speaker at our social meetings. Late in 
life he removed to London, and for several years, until 
his death, filled the position of Agent General for the 


The meetings were held this year at Halifax Hotel. 
The following were admitted Ordinar}- Members: 

Joseph Seeton, Daniel McDonald, 

Xeil ^^latheson, A. D. McLennan, 

David Mitchell, John Strachan, 

Albert E. Thomson, Jas. Midler, 
John McKay. Re\-. Allan Simpson. 


Hon. Thos. S. Reid, of Bermuda, a former esteemed 
Secretary, was elected a Perpetual Member, he paying 
$40 to funds of Society, 

The various Committees reported favorably of pro- 
gress of Society. Quite a large number of applicants 
had been relieved. The taxes of an old worthy member 
paid. The bagpipes belonging to Society, mislaid for 
some time, had been recovered. An increase of $500 in 
assets was also shown. The proposal to for;m a Ladies 
Committee of Charity to co-operate with ordinary com- 
mittee was almost unanimously declined by the Society, 
as one not to be entertained, as long as the charitable 
objects of the Institution can be attended to as they have 
been for over a centurv so efficiently. A hearty vote of 
thanks was passed to Geo. ]\Iitchell, the Treasurer, for 
his efficient work, now extending over a long term of 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1881 : 

Rev. Allan Pollok, D. D., President; 

Angus ^IcLeod, Jlcc do.: 

Dr. A\'. ]\I. Cameron. Scnr. Asst. do.; 

Adam Burns, ////;/-. do., do.; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

John B. Johnston, Secretary; 

R. B. Mackintosh, Asst. do.; 

Hon. W. Ross, ^ ' 

John Mclnnes, Committee 

j. P. Muir, I of 

J. Scott Mitchell, Lliarify; 

Alex. Stephen, Senr., j 

J. S. McKay, Marshal: 

Rev. R. Laing, ^ ^, ^, . 

° jC ha plains; 

Rev. Allan Simpson, 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated on 30th 
November by the annual dinner at Halifax Hotel. The 



President. Rev. Dr. Poliok. Ix-in^- well supported by a 
large, inriuential and enthusiastic company, coniprisin^- 
the Bench and Par, the Army and Xavy, Governor and 
Local Cabinet, Sister Societies, the Alayor and several 
Aldermen, and representati^•es of the leading men of the 
Province. The table was a credit to the host Hesslein. 
the wines excellent, and the method, detail and arrange- 
ment so perfect, that with good speeches and well-con- 
certed Scottish music, the celebration proved a great 
success. The programme of toasts, 16, was disposed of 
by 2 a. m. Among those who responded were the Lieut. - 
Governor and Chief Justice Young, (his last appearance 
at the Society) who replied for the Bench and Bar. His 
response, which occupied about twenty minutes in the 
delivery, was an almost uninterrupted burst of eloquence, 
his concluding remarks being worthy of his palmiest 
days. Cols. ^Mitchell, Bremner, Sanders and Gierke, 
Hon. Saml. Creelman, Prof. J. G.- AIcGregor, Col. Rap- 
hael, Hon. S. H. Holmes, and others, also gave most 
patriotic and fitting replies. The beautiful Scottish 
music given during the evening was greeted with gr,eat 
applause. The celebration altogether was greatly 
enjoyed by all, and added another social triumph to the 
credit of the Institution. 

Biographical Notes — 1880. 

Hon. Robert Sedgewick was born at Aberdeen, Scot- 
land, in 1848, and came at an early age with his parents 
to Nova Scotia ; was educated at Dalhousie College, 
Halifax, studied law, and was called to the P)ar of Nova 
Scotia in 1873. During the practice of his profession in 
Halifax, he was elected Recorder of the City, a position 
he held until he became Deputy Minister of Justice under 
the late Sir J. S. D. Thompson. In 1893 he was appointed 
judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, and during the 


Session of Parliament in 1904, in the absence of the Earl 
of Minto, discharged the duties of Governor-General in 
giving the Royal Assent to bills presented. Judge 
Sedgewick joined the Society in 1873, and after a long 
membership and service as Secretary, he was elected 
President in 1880. and became a Perpetual Member in 
1903. For years he has been a popular and useful mem- 
ber, and an eloquent and attractive speaker at the 
meeting-s of the Institution. 

Rev. Allan Pollok, D. D., was born in Fifeshire, 
Scotland, in 1830. A son of the manse, his father being 
minister of a Parish in Fife at the time of his 
birth. At an early age he was fond of study, and subse- 
quently, at Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities, his 
attainments in learning were recognized and commended. 
In 1852 he was ordained and licensed to preach, and 
setting his face toward the new world, landed at Halifax 
in Januar}-. 1853. His first and only pastoral charge was 
St. Andrew's Church, Xew Glasgow, and from the begin- 
ning of his ministry there he wielded a strong influence, 
not only in his own large congregation, but in all the 
Kirk congregations of his Presbytery. He commenced 
his ministerial career wnth high ideals of the dignity and 
responsibility of his office, and his ideals alwa5-s domin- 
ated his life. These, joined to accuracy of scholarship 
and soundness of judgment, soon earned for him the 
confidence and esteem of the Church in Xova Scotia. 
Exposition was always a marked feature of his pulpit 
discourses ; his clearness of thought, charm of style, and 
breadth of mental vision, making him a worthy successor 
of the many talented Presbyterian Divines who had 
preceded him in our Scottish Province. 

In 1876 he was unanimously chosen and appointed by 
the United Presbyterian body. Professor of Church His- 
tory and Pastoral Theology in the Presbyterian College, 




Halifax. In 1894 he was elected Principal. For these 
twenty-eight vears he shone brilliantly in this important 
held of learning-, and the work he has wrought will be 
felt in all parts of our Dominion. As a Scottish historian 
he has no equal on this continent, and as a practical 
theologian he has sent forth scores of students well- 
equipped and armoured for the practical life of the 
ministry. Ijoth as Preacher and Professor, he has been 
literally a " ^Vatchman on the ^^'alls of Zion," and from 
his high ]dace, with clearest vision, has swept the 
whole horizon round, and with a mental and spiritual 
alertness, possessed by few, has been quick to discern the 
signs of the times and adapt his teachings and counsel 
to the needs of the hour. As a citizen of Halifax, he has 
been ever distinguished and esteemed as the exponent of 
the highest type of ministerial manhood. Earnest, 
sympathetic and outspoken, with a subtle magnetism and 
winsomeness of manner which made him a general 
fa\-orite with all classes of the community, l^jm in old 
Scotland, the Scotch grit is ingrained in every fibre of 
his being, and everything pertaining to Scotland, from its 
Heather to its bagpipes has for him an inevitable charm. 
As a member of the Society he has been in every way 
w-orthy the traditions of the best type of our countrymen, 
genial, patriotic and sensible ; he has proved himself, 
during a long association wdth his fellow-members, 
" a kiiidh' Scot, in zchoni there is no guile.'' 

Joining the Society in 1875, he was elected President 
in 1880, and became a Perpetual Member same year. 
He has always manifested a strong living interest in our 
Institution, and has greatly enlivened our celebrations of 
St. Andrew by his wit and eloquence. Generous in his 
impulses, tireless in his professional industry, and bril- 
liant in his speech. Dr. Pollok occupies a high place in 
the estimation of the North British Society. 




The Society's nieelings were held at the HaHfax Hotel. 
' and the following added to Roll of Ordinary [Members : 
Prof. J. G. ^IcGregorJohn A. Matheson, 
J. S. Potter. Jas. H. .McDonald, 

Archibald Lockhart, Alex. Gunn, 
G. G. ^IcLachlan. Hugh McKenzie, 
Alex. Alacdonald, D. McDonald, 
D. Chisholm, James Robertson. 

Jas. 15. r^organ. for several years a most efficient 
.Secretar\-, having to remove from the Province, was 
nnaninunislv elected an Honorary Meml)er, and the 
President, Rev. Allan Pollok, D. D., was elected a Per- 
petual Member, he paying into the funds of the Society, 

Great interest is apparent on the records of the Society 
in the work of the year. A picnic on a grand scale was 
held on 12th August at McXa1)'s Island. The same 
was well attended. The 101 st Ijand was present, and 
it altogether proved a most enjoyable occasion. 
At the August meeting, our fellow member, the 
great Scottish vocalist, D. Kennedy, was present. The 
supper which followed, which Mr. Kennedy attended, 
was a delightful reunion. 

The Treasurer's annual statement showed that the 
assets of the Society had increased to $8,929. a steadv 
yearly increase, satisfactory and promising. The hearty 
thanks of the Society were presented to the Treasurer 
who had discharged his duties so well for the past eleven 
years. The other Committees reported satisfactorily. 

The following gentlemen were elected office-bearers 
for 1882: 

George Mitchell, Prcsidoit; 
Dr. \\\ M. Cameron, J 'ice do.; 
Geo. S. Campbell, Soir. Asst. do.; 
C. F. Fraser, Jiiur. Assf. do.; 


Jas. J. I'remner, Treasurer; 
John l]. Johnson. Secretary; 
R. B. Mackintosh, Asst. do.; 
David Kino-, 
T. P. Aluir! 

^ ' ' Coiiniiiftee of Charity. 

J. Scott Mitchell, I ' ^ 

John McCrow. ' 

Archibald Lockhart, Marshal: 

Rev. A. Simoson. 1 ^,, , . 

. - C ha phi lis; 

Rev. R. Lamg-, I 

John Patterson. Piper; 

The celebration of the Festival of St. Andrew by the 
public dinner, always the great public event of the season, 
was not behind its predecessors in interest. The com- 
pany, as usual, was distinguished and numerous. The 
President, George Mitchell, was supported on his right 
by the Lieut. -Governor, on his left by Sir John Glover, 
R. N., K. C. B., Governor of the Leeward Islands, by 
Chief Justice McDonald, Premier Holmes, and the Local 
Cabinet, the Bench, a good sprinkling of the Bar, and the 
majority of the leading merchants of the City. The 
members of the Society assembled in force, the Presi- 
dent's long service to the Society being recognized and 
appreciated. A new toast was introduced this evening, 
a bran-new one for our Society : " The President of 
the L'nited States." It elicited a very lengthy written 
reply from Rev. \\\ S. Ralph, pastor of the LIniversalist 
Church of this City, who concluded his paper by offer- 
ing the following sentiment: " American radicalism and 
British conservatism, the centrifugal and centripetal 
forces that are to keep the world in the true orbit of indi- 
vidual and national progression." 

The speech of Sir John Glover was a most able one, 
also the response of Chief Justice McDonald for the 
Bench. It was the first appearance of the Chief before 


the Society since attaining his new honor, — the fourth 
Chief Justice — all of whom have been active members 
and Presidents of the Society, — viz : 
Chief Justice Strange, 

" " Young, 

The Chief Justice referred to his able predecessor 
who had lately, on account of age, retired from the posi- 
tion, but who was warmly attached like himself to the 
Society. At the conclusion of his remarks, the Chief 
received a perfect ovation. Speeches followed frpm the 
Lieut. -Governor and other notables, and from leading 
members. The music was, as usual of late years, a 
feature, no such music being heard at any other pu1)lic 
dinner in Halifax, being far ahead of what is usually 
listened to on such occasions. The whole get-up of the 
dinner — the wines — the speeches — the music — all con- 
tributed to a most festive, intellectual and temperate 
celebration, worthy the company, which parted after 2 
a. m., in great harmonv. 

Biographical Note — 1881. 

J. J. Stewart, a native of Nova Scotia, of Scottish des- 
cent, born in 1843, studied law, and called to the Bar in 
1867, was for many years a member of the well-known 
law firm of Sedgewick & Stewart. For a long term of 
years Mr. Stewart has been engaged in journalistic work, 
banking and politics, and as a member of the North 
British Society since 1873, he has earned many laurels, 
serving in nearly all the offices ; was elected President 
in 1896. and conducted a most successful celebration of 
St. Andrew, and after thirty years' membership, became 
a Perpetual Member of the Institution 




Under the s'liidancc of an able staff of ofifice-bearers, 
the business was well attended to. 

The following were enrolled members : 

John McLean, W. L. Pitcaithly, 

Jas. Mcintosh, Alex. Grant, 

Col. W'ilsone Black, A. L. Stephen, 
j. A. Turnbull, Thos. McDonald, 

Dr. (i. M. Campbell, Jas. Hendry. 
Jas. Prentice, 

and Rev. Dan. McLeod, Spring- Hill, and Duncan Wad- 
dell, Dartmouth, were elected Honorary Members. 

The subject of suppers was again up for discussion, 
l)ut it w^as affirmed by the Society, after long consider- 
ation, to continue the present arrangement of hot suppers 
in Xovember and February, and cold ones at Ma}' and 
August meetings of each year. 

Letters of condolence were sent to the families of 
John P. Muir and E. H. Reeves, most esteemed members, 
who died during the year. John P. Muir was a favorite 
with the Society, Avas President in 1874, and was one of 
the sweetest singers ever numbered amongst the mem- 
bers of the Institution. His decease partially eclipsed 
the enjoyment of the social meetings ; he w'xW be long 
remembered for his manv good works of charity and 
good fellowship, and for the good service he so long 
rendered the Society. 

An attempt having been made upon the life of the 
Queen, the Society, at the May meeting, drew up an 
address congratulating Her Majesty upon her providen- 
tial escape. The address, beautifully engrossed on 
parchment, was forwarded through the Governor General. 


It read as follows : 
To Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen: 

The XoRTPi British Society of Halifax, instituted 
upwards of a century ago, and always animated by a 
warm and ardent feeling of loyalty to the Crown, beg to 
approach Your Majesty to express their deep abhorrence 
at the recent dastardly and insane attempt upon a life so 
precious, and their gratitude to God that it so signally 
failed. As a body composed of Scotchmen and their 
descendants, and enjoying the prosperity and peace which 
flow from their incorporation with the most beneficent 
and the most powerful empire in the world, they are 
warmly attached to the Monarchial institutions under 
which they have the happiness to live, and earnestly 
hope that Your Majesty may be long spared to exercise 
the functions and furnish the perfect model of a Consti- 
tutional Sovereign. 

Halifax, X. S., 24th ^lay, 1882. 

To which was received (in J^ine) the following 
reply : 

Earl of Kiiiibcrlcy to the Marquis of Lome, Governor General, 
Dominion of Canada: 

Downing Street, 

20th Tune, 1882. 
My Lord: 

I have the honor to inform Your Lordship that the 
address from the North British Society, Halifax, Nova 
Scotia, enclosed in your despatch. No. 155, of May. has 
been laid before the Queen and Her Majesty is most 
grateful for the sympathy and loyal sentiments expressed 
in it on the occasion of the recent attempt on Her 

Majesty's life. 



Governor General. 

The Right Honorable 

The Marquis of Lorne, K. T., 



A picnic was held at AlcXah's Island on 17th August 
by the Society, and was well attended and enjoyed by 

At the Annual Meeting, which w^as marked by a large 
attendance, the Treasurer's report show'ed the funds of 
the Society had increased to $9,691, a most satisfactory 
state of matters. The Charity Committee had expended 
a large amount, and every interest of the Society had 
been liberally dealt with. A large amount of back dues 
had been paid in. and the Institution was vigorously 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1883: 
James S. IMacdonald, President: 
Joseph Seeton, J Ice do.; 
C. F. Fraser, Soir. Assf. do.; 
R. Baxter, Juiir. do., do.; 
Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 
J. M. Johnston, Secretary; 
R. B. Mackintosh, Asst. do.; 
Alex. Stephen, 

David King. j Couunittce 

J. Scott Mitchell, I of 

John Mclnnes, j Cliarify; 

John McCrow, / 
A. Lockhart, Marshal; 
Rev. A. Simpson, I 
Rev. R. Laing, | ^'•^'M^''"^: 
John Patterson, Piper. 

At the Annual Meeting fifty dollars were voted the 
Secretary for past services. 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated by the 
members and guests, numbering 130. dining together at 
Halifax Hotel. 

The dinner, wines and service, excellent, and the 
music as usual good. Telegrams were received from 


sister societies celelDrating- the Festival in Xew York, 
Montreal and Chicago, and suitable replies read and 

Among those who responded during the evening 
were Sir Patrick iNIcDougall, who delivered a splendid 
address. Col. Wilsone Black, who recited Tain O'Shaiifcr, 
Chief Justice McDonald, (General Laurie, and many 
others, who all contributed to the enjoyment of the 
evening, and kept a delighted company together until 3 
a. m., when '" Auld Lang Syne " closed a most interesting 
and enjoyable Festival. 

Biographical Notes — 1882. 

George ^litchell, born in this city, and wdio for sev- 
eral 3'ears has represented Halifax in the Provincial 
Legislature, joined the Society in 1868, and for the past 
thirty-seven years has been a most distinguished and 
useful member. For twenty-five years he filled the office 
of Treasurer to the great satisfaction of the members, 
who, on his retirement from office, presented him with 
a rery valuable service of plate in recognition of his long 
and faithful performance of dut}- to the Institution. He 
was elected President in ib6i, and the celebration of St. 
Andrew that year was a most brilliant one. 

Mr. Mitchell represents a family which has been con- 
nected with the XoRTU British for over a century, with 
whom the office of Treasurer appears to be almost 
hereditary, his grandfather, Geo. Mitchell, having filled 
the office from 1818 to 1825. He was succeeded by 
Andrew Mitchell, who held it until 1834; then after an 
interval, another of the family held office for a quarter of 
a century, a matter of several generations of usefulness 
and distinguished merit, which cannot be paralleled in 
any other Society of the kind on this continent. 



Marcjuis of l.orno, now 9th Uukc of Ar^yle, the eldest 
of twelve children, horn in 1841 and married, in 1871, 
Princess Louise. In 1878 apj^ointed (lovcrnor General 
of Canada. In 1879, with his Royal wife, he made a tour 
of the Dominion, and was received with g-reat enthusiasm. 
He succeeded in making- a good im])ressi<)n upon the 
people of Canachi. and his term of office was a most hon- 
ourable one. In literary and artistic jnirsuits he has 
held a leading place, and in 1877. there appeared from 
his pen, " The Book of Psalms, Titcrally Rendered in J\vse," 
really a work of the highest merit. He was elected Hon- 
orary Aleml)er of the Society in 1879. 


The meetings this year were well attended, and a 
large amount of businesss transacted. 

The following were elected Ordinary AFembers: 
John Taylor, Thos. Duncanson, 

A. M. Fraser, J. 15. Taton, 

J. W. H. Cameron, Geo. l-'raser, 

Re\-. John Forrest, 1). D., Alex. Robertson, 
Murdoch McRae, Thos. Murray, 

A. C. Redpath, 1). R. iMjrgan, 

John Ferguson. W'm. .Ste])henson. 

The matter of a Ladies Committee, to consist of wives 
and daughters of members, was again brought up for 
discussion. It was decided to issue a circular to the 
members to ascertain their view^s u])on the founding of 
such a Committee, but it met with no encouragement, a 
number of the members deciding to withdraw from the 
Society if the matter was again brought forward. 

The Society lost this year two of its oldest and most 
respected members, viz: — Alex. .McLeod and Jas. Thom- 
son, both on Perpetual List, and who for over fifty years 
had been active and useful members. 



At the Annual Meeting, which was held at the Car- 
leton House, the various Committees' reports placed the 
resources of the Society in a favorable light ; the Trea- 
surer's annual report showing income over exepnditure 
of $400. The election of office-bearers for 1884 resulted 
as follows : 

Joseph Seeton. President: 

C. F. Fraser. J^ice do.: 

R. Baxter, Sciir. Assf. do.: 

John A. Matheson, ///;//-. do. do.; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

J. B. Johnston, Secretary: 

R. B. ^Mackintosh, Asst. do.; 

John Alclnnes, 

Hon. \\'. Ross, 


John \\ atson. 

Dr. Cowie, 

Wxw. Xisbet, 

Rev. R. Laing, I 

Rev. A. Simpson, ' 

Archibald Lockhart, Marshal: 

John Patterson, Piper. 




The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated by the 
Society dining together at Halifax Hotel. Joseph Seeton, 
President, in the chair, surrounded by representatives 
of Army, Xavy, Public Departments. Sister Societies and 
Corporation. On his right sat Lord Russell, who replied 
for the Governor General. On his left. General Laurie, 
who replied for the Army and Xavy. A long toast list 
was ably disponed of. several of the i^esponses being 
marked by even more than ordinary excellence. Several 
new singers earned the applause of the company by their 
splendidlv rendered choruses. The dinner was well 
served, the wines excellent, and the celebration closed at 
2 a. m. amid great enthusiasm. 




Biographical Notes — 1883. 

Rev. Tohn Forrest. D. D.. Principal of Dalhousie Uni- 
versity, born in Xova Scotia. Scottish descent, 25th Nov., 
1842, son of r3r. Alex. Forrest ; educated at Presbyterian 
College, Truro and Halifax, ordained minister, 1866, and 
was in charge of St. John's Church, Halifax, for several 
years. In 1885 ^^e was selected and appointed Principal 
of Dalhousie College. The wisdom of the choice has 
been amph- pro\en hv tlie many brilliant men who have 
gone forth from that great educational and intellectual 
centre, to lead and mould public opinion in our Dominion, 
bearing testimony to the sound thorough training received 
under the direction and guidance of the President. He 
holds degrees of D. D. from Kingston, and D. C. L., 
King's College, \\'indsor. Since 1883 the Doctor has 
been a most active and esteemed member of our Society. 
His advice has been at all times of service, and has l:)een 
cheerfully given whenever required. He has served on 
numerous Committees with great acceptance, and has 
enlivened, by his presence and genial oratory, the patri- 
otic and social meetings of the Institution. Dr. Forrest 
was elected President in 1888, and has been always con- 
sidered one of our best representative members. 

John Strachan, Jr.. born in Halifax, 185 1, joined the 
Society in 1882; son of John Strachan. who was President 
in 1852, and grandson of James Strachan, who joined the 
Society in 1782, and was elected \^ice-President in 1783. 
Since that early period in our history, the Strachan familv 
has been well represented in each successive generation 
to the present day. They were all prominent in the 
mercantile and social associations of our city, and well 
sustained the Scottish traditions of their family. In this 
comparatively new countt}^ it is an honorable distinction 
to have an unbroken record of patriotic and charitable 


connection with so representative a Scottish Institution 
as our North British, for over one hundred and twenty 
years. Mr. Strachan has, for the past twenty-five years, 

proved himself a useful member, worthy of the honorable 
record of his forefathers. 


The meetings of the year were held at Halifax Hotel, 
and were only fairly attended. 

The following were elected members : 

Jas. Allardice, H. H. Grant, 

Jas. ^McGregor. 

The Society this year, by the death of Alex. Stephen, 
Senr., lost a most worthy member, a former President 
and a most excellent citizen. For a long period of years 
he had been a prominent member of Committee of 
Charity, and in ever}- interest of the Society was noted 
for his patriotic zeal and worth. A letter of condolence 
was sent to his family, expressive of the Society's great 

The annual reports, as rendered, were satisfactory; 
a large amount had been distributed by Committee of 
Charity, and the thanks of the Society were tendered to 
the Treasurer for his services. 

The following were elected at Annual ]^Ieeting as 
office-bearers for 1885 : 

C. F. Fraser, President; 
R. Baxter. Vice do.: 
J. A. Turnbull, Senr. Asst.; 
John Mclnnes. Innr. do.; 
Geo. Mitchell. Treasurer: 
J. B. Johnson. Seeretary; 
R. B. Mackintosh, Asst. do.; 




Com 1)1 if tec 


Hon. W. Ross, 

jt)hn \\ atson. 

Will. Xisbet, 

Dr. Cowie, 

John McDonald, 

Rev. R. Laing-, Chaplain; 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal. 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival was celebrated by the usual dinner at 
Halifax Hotel ; it was attended by a large number of 
influential men. The President well discharged his 
duties as chairman. The music was admirable, the 
speeches excellent, and the celebration in every way 


The Quarterlv Meetings this year, held at Halifax 
Hotel, were well attended. The following were elected 
Ordinary Members: 

Thos. Service, Arthur P. Mitchell, 

F. G. Forbes, J. P. [McLean, 

Dr. X. E. ]^lacKay. Duncan Grant, 
J. B. Todd. H. D. .McKenzie, 

Jas. Grant, Jas. A. Gass, 

Donald Archibald. 
Dr. A. I'. Reid was elected a Perpetual ?\Ieniber, he 
l^aying into the funds $40. 

The Society voted $100 to fund in aid of families of 
Halifax \'olunteers who had gone to the Xorth-West to 
suppress the Indian and half-breed rebellion. 

$600 were expended in charity, and a large amount 
of back dues collected. The Treasurer's annual state- 
ment showed the invested funds steadily increasing, they 
now standing at $9,725. 


The following office-bearers were elected for 1886: 
Robt. Baxter, President; 
J. A. Turnbull, Vice do.; 
John Forbes, Seiir. Assf. do.: 
John Mclnnes, JiDir. Asst. do.; 
George Alitchell Treasurer; 
H. H. Grant, Seerefary: 
A. M. Fraser, Assf. do; 
Hon. W. Ross, n 
John Watson, I Comuiitfc: 

John ^McDonald, > of 

Wm. Xisbet, I Charity; 

Dr. Cowie, 
Rev. R. Laing, Chaplain; 

Hugh G. INIurrav, 1 „ , n r .,„ ■ 
^ ^ ' \-Baek Dues ioni.; 

H. H. Grant, I 

Archibald Lockhart. Marsha!: 

John Patterson. Piper. 
The Festival of St. Andrew was observed by the 
Societv dining together at Halifax Hotel. The dinner, 
a most excellent one, reflected credit on the Hessleins. 
The occasion was pronounced by all a most enjoyable 

Biographical Note — 1835. 

Charles Frederick Fraser, LL.D., Superintendent of 
the School for the Blind, born in Xova Scotia. 1850, of 
Scottish descent, grandson of Hon. James Fraser, who 
w^as President of the Society in 1803, joined the Society 
in 1873, and has since been a prominent and active mem- 
ber. In 1884 he was elected President. Mr. Fraser has 
greath^ distinguished himself in the philanthropic work 
of advancing the position of the Blind in the Lower 
Provinces. Since 1873 ^^^ ^as been actively engaged in 
this great work, and has had the most encouraging evi- 
dence of the success of his efforts in the co-operation of 



our host |)e()])lc'. I [is acliic\'ements liavc l)een widely 
recognized, and llie Institution to wliich lie has devoted 
his Hfe-loncr energies will long- remain a monument to his 
skilful and devoted labours. 


The Society met during year at the Halifax Hotel. 
The following were elected Ordinary Members: 

David McDonald, John Uremner, 

Jas. A. Sedgewick, John H. AIcKay, 

Henry Pope McDonald Jas. Anderson. 
H. ]j. Outram, Hugh Montgomerie. 

and Xeil F. McKay was elected an Honorary Member. 

Mr. William (irant presented the Society with a 
Marshal's Baton, found among his late father's efifects, 
which had been used in many processions of the Society. 
A Committee was appointed from the Society to co-oper- 
ate with a General Committee arranging for celebration 
of Jubilee of Her Majesty the Queen, next year. 

The various reports presented at Annual Meeting 
were in e\'ery way satisfactory, and the following wei;e 
elected ofifice-bearers for 1887: 

J. A. Turnbull, President; 

John Forbes, J'i':': do.; 

V. G. F^orbes. Seiir. Asst.; 

J. G. Smith. Jtiiir. Assf.; 

George Mitchell, Treasurer; 

H. H. Grant, Secretary; 

A. M. Fraser, Asst. do.; 

John \\'atson, \ 

Hon. W. Ross, I Couunittec 

Dr. Cowie, s of 

W'm. Xisbet. 1 Cnaritv, 

John McDonald, | 


Rev. Robt. Laing. \ 
Rev. Allan Simpson, ( ^ ^^^^t^^i'^^: 
Arch. Lockhart, Marshal: 
John Patterson, Piper. 

At the Annnal Meeting-, it was decided to celebrate 
the Festival of Saint Andrew by holding the usual din- 
ner. A motion to leave the matter of arranging for the 
same to the ofifice-bearers brought on a discussion, and 
decision, which had a most disastrous efi'ect upon the 
peace and progress of the Institution, and which was felt 
for many years after. At this time, a Temperance Cr\\- 
sade was agitating the city, and a number of well-meaning 
members of the Society, who imagined they knew more 
about whit was good for the Institution than their fellow- 
members did, insisted very warmly upon the prohibition 
of wines, beer, etc., at tne coming dinner. Their princi- 
pal argument for enforcing this most unheard of inno- 
vation was not that there had been any excess at the 
dinners, but that the Xorth British Society should set 
an example of temperance to the community, particularly 
as prohibition was now advocated from the platform and 
pulpit. A warm discussion ensued, which impaired the 
harmony of the meeting. The members generally main- 
tained that the Society's dinners had hitherto been models 
of true temperance, that not a single case of over-indul- 
gence could be cited within the memory of the passing 
generation, but that these functions had been social, 
popular, and enjoyable, and had been the means of 
bringing the good work of the Institution before the 
Scottish community of our city, and had attracted many 
to the Society. 

It proved a protracted and angry discussion, and as 
the prohibitionists were present in force, and had can- 
vassed the matter for weeks previous to this meeting, 
they carried their point by a very small majority: " That 
in future, the use of wines at the anniversary dinner be 
prohibited, and thus a magnificent Societv, enjoying up 



to this time the confidence and esteem of a grand mem- 
l)ership of worthy men, was doomed to years of 
retrogression and discord. In less than five years the 
Institution lost more than half its members. The good 
fellowship existing in the Society, one of the great 
objects of the foundation, was destroyed, as coercion 
and independence never flourish together. 

The younger members rapidly left its ranks, and even 
the would-be reformers who had brought about the 
trouble, apparently satisfied with their work of social 
destruction, seldom attended the meetings. It was alto- 
gether a most exasperating episode, which was felt 
severely by the results which so quickly followed : loss 
of numbers, loss of prestige, and loss of that harmony and 
patriotic spirit which had been up to this time so char- 
teristic of our grand old brotherhood. 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was observed by the 
Society holding a dinner, at Halifax Hotel. The table 
was creditable. The speeches long and prosy. Drinking 
healths in coffee and ginger beer was a novel and dread- 
ful experience to all present. It was anything but a 
success, and was long remembered for its want of " go." 

Biographical Note — 1886. 

Robert Baxter, a most esteemed member, was born 
in Kirkcaldy, Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1844, and came to 
Halifax, in 1869, to fill the position of Assistant Manager 
of the Halifax Gas Light Company, succeeding to the 
management of the Company on the death of Mr. Buist 
in 1879. 

Mr. Baxter joined the Society iti 1870, and after 
several years' active v.ork in the subordinate offices, was 
elected to the Chair in 1886. He proved himself worthy 
of the honour, and left a good record for attention to the 
various duties of the post. 



Meetings of the Society held at the Hahfax Hotel. 

The following were elected Ordinary Members : 
D. C Gillis, W. J. Nisbet, 

John Baird, Prof. James Seth, 

A. Drysdale, J. S. Chisholm, 

W. Mason. 

Col. Wilsone Black, about leaving the Garrison, was 
elected an Honorary Member. 

The thanks of the Society were passed to Messrs. 
]\Iackie & Co., Glasgow, who very generously forwarded 
a Haggis and case of whiskey to the Societ}' for its last 
annual dinner. Also for their cable, sending greeting on 
that occasion. 

The Society this year procured metal emblems for the 
various office-bearers, which cost $86. They reflect any- 
thing but credit upon the designer, being heavy and 
inartistic, and of the "policcuiau badge " order. At the 
August meeting, the matter of wine at dinner was again 
brought forward, and after discussion, the following 
resolution was passed, 14 to 11 : — "That hereafter all 
dinners and suppers of the Society be conducted without 
the use of spirituous or malt liquors." 

And the following was also passed by same vote : 

" That hereafter, refreshments of all kinds be dispensed 
with at quarterly meetings." 

At the Annual Meeeting, several of the older members 
protested against the action of a small meeting, like the 
August one was, doing away with refreshments at quar- 
terly meetings, but it was finally agreed to give the 
resolution a trial. 

The Society this year lost its most illustrious member. 
Sir Wm. Young, Chief Justice, who died in Mav. The 


Society attended the funeral in numbers, and tlie follow- 
ing- resolution was passed and ordered to be sent to the 
family of the deceased : 

" Rcsok'cd, that the office-bearers and members of the 
North British Society, having- heard of the death of Sir 
William Young, express their deep regret at the demise 
of one who has been so long identified with the growth 
and progress of our Society. 

" Sir William Young was in every sense a leal-hearted, 
patriotic and progressive Scotchman. He was for sixty- 
one years, and up to the time of his death, an active and 
useful member of our Society. 

" In 1849, and again in 1868, he was elected Presi- 
dent, a position in which his characteristic ability and 
eloquence were signally displayed. On all occasions 
where funds were necessary, not only to celebrate public 
events, but in all other matters connected with the 
Society, his hand was ready with liberal contributions. 

" We tender to his familv our expression of sincere 
sympathy at the loss they and we have sustained. His 
name and memory will long be cherished and revered as 
one of the noblest and most distinguished member,s of 
the North British Society of Halifax. 

" And Rcsok'cd, that this Society attend the funeral in 
a body and w^ear their crape badges and insignia of office, 
and that this resolution be engrossed by the_ Secretary 
on our records, and a copy sent to the family of Dur 
deceased friend and benefactor." 

Sir Wm. Young remembered the Society in his will 
to the extent of $io,GOO. " Though dead, he ycf spcakcfh/' 

The Treasurer's report was very satisfactory, showing 
the usual large amount distributed by Charity Committee, 
also, that the invested funds of Society stood at $10,041. 

Clian'tx Couiiuittcc; 


The following were elected office-bearers for i 

Rev. John Forrest, D. D., President: 

Frank G. Forbes, Viee do.: 

W'm. Xisl^et. Senr. Assf. do.: 

Hugh Ci. Murray. Jnnr. do. do.: 

George Mitchell, Treasurer: 

J as. A. Sedge wick, Seeretarx: 

W. J. Xisbet. Assf. do.: 

John McDonald. 

Dr. Cowie, 

John \\'atson, 

Hon. \V. Ross. I 

John Taylor, j 

Rev. Robt. Laing, i 

Rev. Allan Simpson, i ^''^^'Pl^^'»^'- 

Arch. Lockhart, Marslml: 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was celebrated on 30th 
November by the members and guests dining together 
at Halifax Hotel. The Hessleins provided an excellent 
table, the menu perfect, the company excellent, the music, 
as usual, beautiful, and the speaking good. 

The President discharged his duties well, and the 
company separated at an early hour. 


The Quarterly Meetings were held at Halifax Hotel, 
and the following were, during the year, elected Ordinarv 
Members : 

Angus F. Alurray. (ieo. MacLeod, 
Howard Murray, F. J. McLeod, 
and the following were elected Honorarv Members: 
H. M. Scott, W. F. Knight, 

J. Scott Mitchell, \\'m. Stevenson. 



At the Annual Meeting, the Treasurer's report was 
satisfactory. The Committee of Charity had been active 
and had disbursed a large amount to worthy applicants. 

The celebration of St. Andrew was the subject of an 
animated discussion, many of the members wanting the 
dinner held as formerly with wine, provided by the 
Society, and included in price of ticket. This was lost, 
and an amendment to leave the use of wines optional to 
all was lost. A procession and sermon was also dis- . 
cussed. Finally, the whole matter was referred to the 
office-bearers elect to determine. 

Jock Patterson the piper's salary was raised, by con- 
sent, to $40 per annum. 

The Society elected at Annual Meeting the following 
as omce-bearers for ensuing year: 

Dr. A. J. Cowie, President; 

\\m. Xisbet, Vice do.; 

Hugh G. Murray, Senr. Asst.; 

Geo. S. Campbell, Jnnr. do.; 

George Mitchell, Treasurer; 

J. A. Sedgewick, Secretary; 

W. J. Nisbet, Asst. do.; 

John McDonald, 

Hon. W. Ross^ 

John Watson, ^ Committee of Charity. 

John Mclnnes, 

Thos. Duncanson, 

Rev. Robert Laing, Chaplain; 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

Jock Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was celebrated by the 
usual dinner at Halifax Hotel. Dr. Cowie presided. 
The music was up to the mark of high excellence it has 
attained in our Society ; otherwise the proceedings were 
of the ciuietest character imaginable. 



The Quarterly Meetings this yeaq were poorly 
attended, fourteen members putting in an appearance at 
the February meeting, seventeen at the May, thirteen at 
the August, and thirty at the Annual Meeting. The 
following were elected members : 

Rev. D. M. Gordon, William Taylor, 
Hector Mclnnes, A. A. McKay, 

Lieut. Murray, > 

Lieut. Dundas, I ^- -^^- '^" BcUcyoPhon. 
were elected Honorary Members. 

The Society lost this year a prominent member — Mr. 
John S. Maclean, who for many years had rendered good 
service to the Society. A minute of regret was entered 
upon the records, and a copy sent to the family of 

The want of interest in Society by members was the 
subject of discussion during the year, and finally it was 
decided to rescind the resolution of 4th August, 1887, dis- 
pensing with quarterly suppers, and the Secretary was 
ordered to arrange hereafter for suppers for the meetings. 

The matter of a building for the Society was again 
to the front. A Committee was appointed, but the 
matter, on account of cost, was abandoned. 

The reports of Treasurer and Chairman of Charity 
Committee, presented at Annual Meeting, were approved 
and the following were elected office-bearers for 1890: 

Wm. Nisbet, President; 

Geo. S. Campbell, Vice do.; 

Donald Archibald, Scnr. Asst.; 

Jas. A. Sedgewick, Junr. do.; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

W. J. Nisbet, Secretary; 

Hector Mclnnes, Asst. do.; 




John AIcDonakl, 

Hon. W. Ross, 

Thos. Duncanson. 

John Watson, 

John Mclnnes. 

Rev. I). M. Gordon. 

Rev. j. Forrest. 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

John Patterson. Piper. 

The I'esti\-al of St. Andrew was celebrated by the 
usual dinner at Halifax Hotel. 





The Society met this year at Halifax Hotel. 
The following- were admitted members: 
Robt. ^[aclntyre. J. A. Chisholm^ 

James Fraser, Alfred Costley, 

Wallace McDonald. E. F. Smith, 
Alex. Keith, A. H. MacKay, 

F. .M. Walker, 
and Wm. Rhind and F. j. .McLeod, were elected Honor- 
ary- Alcmbers. 

A letter was submitted to the May meeting' from Mrs. 
Campbell, of Xew York, which explains itself: 

Xo. 2679 Third Ave.. 

New York, April i, 1890. 

To the President and Members of St. AndrezCs Society, Hali- 
fax, X. S.: 
Gentlemen : 

I deem it my duty to inform you of the death of my 
husband, St. Andrew Donald Campbell, an Honorary 
Member of your Society, which occurred at his late 
residence, No. 2679 Third Avenue, New York, on the 
tenth day of January, 1890. 


It may be pertinent to briefly recall the circumstances 
surrounding his election to Honorary Membership in 
your body, for I can scarcely believe that there are many 
among you now in whose recollection the events of that 
night so long ago are still remembered. On the night of 
St. Andrew's Day. the 30th of November, 1836. your 
Society was holding its banquet in the Exchange Hotel. 
Halifax, at that time owned by my husband's father, the 
late Allan Campbell, who was a member of the Society. 
On that night a son was born to Martha, wife of Allan 
Campbell. Mr. Campbell announced the f?-ct after the 
members had sung " The Campbells are coming." They 
asked that the new-born babe be presented to them, and 
he was immediately brought in reclining upon a silver 
salver. His health was drunk standing, and in honour of 
our Patron Saint, he was then named Saint Andrew 
Donald Campbell, and upon motion, unanimously carried, 
he was made Honorary Member for life. A glance at 
the archives of your Society for that time will verify the 
facts as I have stated them. It is for the purpose of 
making that record complete that I deem it my duty to 
notify you of his death. 

His life was passed in pleasant places. While still 
young, he settled in New York. He served with gallan- 
try in the late Civil AVar, in both the Army and the Navy 
of the United States. He was buried with military 
honors and ceremonies conducted by his comrades of 
John A. Rawlins' Post, No. 81 of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and his remains now lie in Woodlawn 
Cemetery, New York City. Beyond myself, he left no 
family. To you, his fellow-members, I commend his 
happy memory. 

Very respectfully yours. 

Harriet S. Campbell. 

It was ordered that the same be entered upon the 
minutes, and the receipt of the letter acknowledged. 




The Society this summer had a most agreeable 
reunion in the shape of an excursion and lunch on the 
harbitr. It was attended by a large number of the mem- 
bers and friends, and was very much enjoyed by all 

The Treasurer's annual statement, presented at 
November meeting, showed the assets of the Society, 
augmented by the Young bequest, had grown to $20,959. 
$814 had been spent in charity, and other matters had 
been creditably attended to. 

It was decided at Annual Meeting to celebrate the 
approaching Festival of St. Andrew by holding a Con- 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1891 : 
Cieorge S. Campbell, President; 
Donald Archibald, Vice do.; 
A. H. Mackay, Sem-. Assf. do.; 
Rev. D. M. Gordon, Jniir. Assf. do.; 
Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 
Hector Alclnnes, Seerefary; 
J. A. Chisholm, Assf. do.; 
John McDonald, 

Hon. Wm. Ross. Committee 

John Watson, of 

John Mclnnes, Charity; 

Thos. Duncanson. ' 

Dr. A. Pollok. I ., . . 

Dr. J. Forrest, I 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The Festival of St. Andrew falling this year on Sun- 
day, was celebrated by the Society attending Divine 
service at St. Andrew's Church. The music was appro- 
priate and beautiful, and the sermon, a most eloquent one. 
was delivered by Rev. Daniel M. Gordon, pastor of St. 


The 5th Com-ersazione of the Xorth British 
S<>cii:i^'. held in celebration of the Festival of St. Andrew, 
took ])lace at Masonic Hall, on Monday evening, ist 
December. It was a grand success, reflecting credit 
upon all concerned. About 500 attended. The interest 
was sustained throughout ; mucis. dancing, speeches, 
refreshments, all equally good, and all equally enjoyed 
to the close, which took place at 1 a. m. The cost to 
Society was over two hundred dollars. 

Biographical Note — 1890. 

c;e(M-ge S. Campbell, one of our luost popular and use- 
ful members, son of Duncan Campbell, historian, was 
born in Scotland, and at an early age came with his 
])arents to Xova Scotia. 

Mr. Campbell became connected with the Society in 
1874, was Secretary in 1884, and after ser\ing as Senr. 
and Junr. X'ice. was elected President in i8<;i'. His term 
of office was a most successful one. and was marked by 
tlie ai)preciation of the Societ}- in the large attendance 
gi\on the meetings. Mr. Canqibell's J)usiness career 
has been a most honourable one. and the merchants, in 
view of his advanced ideas, elected him. in 1902, President 
of the Hoard of Trade. He holds other important ofifices, 
is a director of the Bank of Xova Scotia, and is greatly 
esteemed in this community, of Avhich he is a most dis- 
tinguished member. 


The Quarterly Meetings were held at Halifax Hotel, 
and the following were elected ( )rdinary Members : 
\\ . D. Cameron, 
Rod. McColl. 
C. I). McDonald. 
Re\-. Thos. Fowler. 



The annual marine excursion was held in August, 
with great success. Quite a large number of members 
attended ; it cost the Society $i6o. A Committee on By- 
Laws recommended, 

" That tlie seventh and ninth clauses of Section III 
be omitted." 

Also, that. 

" The By-Laws be consolidated, and that an edition 
be published with the names of members and office- 
bearers to date." Adopted. 

The Society, in view of the successful Conver,sazione 
last year, decided to celebrate the coming Festival of St. 
Andrew in the same manner. 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1892: 

Donald Archibald, President; 

A. AIcKay, Vice do.; 

A. H. Mackay, Senr. Asst. do.; 

John Mclnnes, Jiinr. Asst. do.; 

J. A. Chisholm, Secretary; 

A. A. McKay, Asst. do.; 

John Macdonald, \ 

Thos. Duncanson, Cotnmittee 

John Watson, - of 

Wm. Xisbet, Charity; 

Hon. W. Ross, 

Dr. Pollok, I ^, ,, . 

/ Chaplains; 
Dr. Forrest, ) 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

John Patterson, Piper. 

The 6th Conversazione, held on the national anni- 
versary at Masonic Hall, was a splendid and unmistakable 
success. The members, ladies and guests, numbering 
500, spent a most enjoyable evening. President Archi- 
bald, assisted by leading members, worked well in 
making it a prominent event of the season. It cost the 
Society nearly $300 over receipts for tickets. 



The Qiiarterlv ^NTeetings. only fairly attended, wer,e 
held at Halifax Hotel, when the following- were elected 
members : 

Daniel Uudge. ]. A. McKinnon. 

Ernest Brehaut. 

James Farqnhar was elected a Perpetual ^1 ember, he 
])aying- the usual fee of $40. 

The Society lost a useful Honorary Member this 
year — Mr. Duncan W'addell, of Dar^tmouth. who g-ener- 
ously acknowledging" the good of the Institution, 
remembered the Society to the extent of $2000 in his 
will. A minute of regret was entered, and a copy sent 
to family of deceased. 

The Society had its banners partially destroyed by fire 
this year, and being insured, the sum of $485 was paid 
by Acadia Fire Insurance Co.. for appraised damage. 

On 6th September the Society lost a most useful 
member in John Patterson, who for forty years had been 
a trustworthy messenger, a splendid piper, and a genial 
warm-hearted member. He left a blank in the Society 
and community hard to fill. Patterson landed in Hali- 
fax in 1852, coming with the 42nd Highlanders, of which 
he was piper. He settled here, and at once was attracted 
to the Society. He was known and esteemed by coming 
and going generations of our countrymen, who liked the 
man and his music. Alas, poor Jock!'" R. I. P. 

Another good member was lost this year to the 
Society. Hugh G. Alurray. A kind, sympathetic and 
enthusiastic Scot, Mr. Murray was for a long term of 
years, with other members of his family. Donald and 
W'illiam. most esteemed members of the Society. 


.\ minute (if Society's rc_i;"ret was recorded. The 
Treasurer's annual statement showed the funds at credit 
t»f Society on 5th Xo\-end)er. %2\,f>2)^).C^. $900 liad been 
expended in charit\-, beside many other usefid matters 
attended to. The Society decided to celebrate the Festi- 
val by holdino- a dinner on the 30th instant. 

The followin_^" were elected office-bearers for 1893 : 

A. McKay, President: 

A. H. Alacka}-. J 'ice do.: 

John Alclnnes. Seiir. do.: 

C. D. Alacdonald. /;///;■. do.: 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

J. A. Chisholm, Secretary: 

A. A. McKay. .Ls'st. do.: 

Hon. W. Ross, 

Thos. Duncanson. \ Couuiiittee 

John Watson. ', of 

John Macdonald. Charity: 

John Forbes, 

Rev. Allan Pollok. J ).!).. ... . . 

T^ T 1 T- ^ ^ Iiaf'lanis: 

Rev. John rorrest. ( 

Archibald Lockhart, Marshal and Messcni:;er. 

Saint Andrew's day was celebrated by the members 
and guests dining- together at Halifax Hotel. 

Biographical Notes — 1892. 

Col. Avlmer Cameron, of the family of Camerons of 
Fassifern. was born at Perth, 1834, served in the Crimean 
Campaign in 1854-55, and subsequently in the Indian 
Mutiny. He won the N'ictoria Cross in a most heroic 
manner during the assault on Delhi, and was severely 
wounded in several engagements with the enemy. He 
was long a subaltern in the 26th Cameronians, and finally 
became Colonel of that gallant regiment. He was on the 
staff of Lieut. -General Sir P. L. Macdougall, in Canada, 


and while serving in Halifax, became an active member of 
the North British Society. He retired in 1896. and 
now resides in Edinbiirg-h. 

Donald Archibald, Sheriff of Halifax County, born in 
Halifax, for several years conducted a most extensive 
farm, became eng-aged in politics, and contested success- 
fully several elections for the local House of Represen- 
tatives, finall}' retired, and was appointed Sheriff of 
Halifax County, a position he has occupied with great 
satisfaction to all concerned. Mr. Archibald joined the 
Society in 1885, '^^^^s elected President in 1892. and dur- 
ing his term of office conducted one of the most popular 
conversaziones ever held by our Society. 


The meetings of Society were held at the Halifax 
Hotel, and the following were elected members : 

Walter C. Murray and A. D. Hewet, 
and David Pottinger and Jas. Scott, Honorary Members. 

At the Annual Meeting, it was decided to amend 
By-Law passed ist November, 1866, regarding members 
of over twenty years' standing, to read : 

'* Any Ordinary Alember of Society, having paid dues 
for twenty years in succession, shall, at his own request, 
be entitled to Honorary Membership." 

The Treasurer's statement presented, showed balance 
in hand to credit of Society of $21,741.60. Investments 
in bonds, stocks, etc., were considered in every way 
satisfactory, and the Treasurer received the unanimous 
thanks of the Society for his long continued gratuitous 

The matter of the non-attendance of members at the 
Quarterly Meetings of past year was brought to the 
attention of the Society by Mr. Watson, and a long and 



ani;rv discussion ensued. 'Idle majority ]jresent insisted 
that the teni]XTancc' (|ucstii)n which had agitated the 
Societ\- (hirino- the past six years had been detrimental to 
the best interests of the Institution. That the f^ood 
fellowshi]! of tlie memliers, so well cultivated before the 
introduction of the Prohibition ([uestion, had almost 
disappeared. That the roll t)f members had steadily 
diminished. That the Quarterly Meetings were mere 
formal business gatherings, and that the utter indifference 
of members as to Society interests had been shown by 
the startling fact that for one of the Quarterly Meetings 
of this year no quorum could be obtained, and the meet- 
ing adjourned without transaction of business, the first 
experience of the kind since the formation of the Society. 
125 years ago. This alarming state of matters had a 
salutory effect on the Society, by its repealing the By- 
Law passed in August, 1887, prohibitng the use of wine 
at the annual dinner. 

It was decided unanimously to puljlish a second edi- 
tion of the Annals of the Society, the new volume to 
include the intervening yearns since last publication to 
date. The matter of compilation was entrusted to James 
S. Macdonald, with instructions to proceed at once with 
the work. 

The following were elected office-bearers for 1894: 

A. H. Mackay, President: 

John Mclnnes. Viee do.; 

X. E. McKay. Se}ir. Assf. lice: 

A. Drysdale. /;/;//■. Assf. do.: 

Geo. ^Iitchell. Treasurer: 

A. A. MacKay, Secretary: 

J. S. Chisholm, Asst. do.: 

Hon. A\'. Ross, \ 

Thos. Duncanson. Coiumittec 

John Forbes, , of 

John \\'atson, | Charity: 

lohn Macdonald, - 

Rev. Allan Pollok. D.D.. I . 

Rev. John Forrest, D. D., ' ^ '''^na"'s: 

Archibald Lockhart. Marshal and Messciii^cr. 


The Festival of Saint Andrew was celebrated by the 
Society and guests dining- together at Halifax Hotel. 

The company, as usual, was influential, numbering 
nianv of the leading men of the community. The menu 
was elegant, and reflected credit on the Hessleins. The 
music excellent. The speeches good, particularly that 
delivered l)v Lieut. -deneral Montgomery-Moore, who 
although born in Ldster, spoke with pride of his Scottish 
blood and of the intense loyalty of his countrymen of the 
Xorth. The celebration, although not up to the high 
standard of excellence of the Society's dinners between 
1868 and 1883, — which were the finest in the modern 
histctv of the Institution, — was far ahead in interest of 
the cold water horrors held during late years, was alto- 
gether a most successful gathering, displaying an enthusi- 
asm sustained throughout until 1 a. m., when the parting 
toast of " Glide nicht and joy be wi yc " closed a most 
agreeable celebration of Saint Andrew, and the Society's 
record of one hundred and twentv-five vears. 

Biographical Note — 1893. 

A. Howard MacKay, of Scottish descent family from 
Sutherlandshire, born in Xova Scotia. 1848 — a distin- 
guished educationist. Superintendent of Education for 
Xova Scotia since 1891, joined the Society in 1890, and 
after filling the offices of Senr. Asst. \"ice and A^ice-Presi- 
dent, was elected President for 1894. 


The record of Society for this year was not by any 
means brilliant or encouraging. The members took but 
little interest in the management, and the unsatisfactory 
state of the supper question led to further agitation of the 
bother at almost every Quarterl}' Meeting. 



'i'lic tollowiuM- were admitted to iiu'nd)i.'rslii|) duriiii;- 
the _\ ear : 

(ieo. K. I'.oak. C. I). .Murray, M. 11.. 
J. .'1. Johnson. Murdoch Chisholni, M. D. 
jas. Ross. M. I).. 

and Lohn .Macch)nakl. lioston. was elected an Honorary 

A very acti\e and fa\-on'te mend)er died this vear — 
Mr. Roderick McDonald, Station .Master at HaHfax 
Depot. A resolution of sympathy was minuted, and a 
copy sent to the family. 

Farly in the summer, the approachinij; visit of the 
recently appointed (iovernor-Cieneral of Canada, Earl 
Abcideen. head of the Clan (iordon, was discussed 1)\' the 
meml^ers, many of whom were in favour of a public 
reception. acUh^ess and dinner beino- ori\en our yreat 
com try man bv the Society, which would i^ix'c promin- 
ence to our ]iosition as the senior Scottisli National 
Institution in the Dominion. \\'liile tlie matter was 
pendino^^ a special meetino- of the Society was called on 
the 28th June to consider the presentation of an address 
to the Earl, at which the Secretary of the St. George's 
appeared as the bearer of a message from his Society, 
asking that the Xok'ifi British postjjone any intended 
action in regard to ])resentation of an address to the 
(jovernor-CJeneral. and that the matter l)c left to a joint 
committee of the three Aational Societies, Tin-: XoKiti 
British, the Charital)le Irish, and the St. (ieorge's. 
After discussion, this was declined, the members deciding 
it more consistent with the dignity of our Scottish 
Society, as the ( ioverji(M--(icneral was head of a great 
Scottish Clan, to present an address on its own account. 
After this was disposed of, the matter of a public dinner 
by the Society was brought forward, when, after con- 
siderable discussion, it was decided, as the ]'rt)i)osal had 
been made, to co-operate with the other National Socie- 
ties, in a dinner to be given the Governor-General soon 

6o8 ANX.^ILS or 77//: 

after his arrival in Halifax, and the followino- Connnittee 
was appointed to act with the President in uphuldinj;- the 
(Hg^nity and prestige of our Society in co-operating- with 
Committees from the Charitable Irish and St. George's, 
in making- arrang'ements for the proposed dinner: 

The \'ice-President. Senr. Asst. \'ice, Junr. Asst. 
Vice, Secretary and Treasurer. 

On the 17th July, another special meeting of Society 
was held to consider a draft of address from Society to 
the Governor-General, at which the President informed 
the members that the joint committee from the three 
Societies had met and had unanimously decided to 
appoint the President of the St. George's Society, a prom- 
inent politician, chairman of the public dinner to be given 
by the three National Societies to the Earl of Aberdeen. 

This most unexpected and humiliating- announcement, 
affecting as it did the cosition and prestige of the Xoktii 
British, was received with great surprise and indig- 
nation. The action of the Committee entrusted with the 
honour of the Society in relinquishing the right to prece- 
dence at such a function — an established right maintained 
most firmly and stoutly since its formation in 1768 — was 
strongly condemned. After a spirited di-cussion, it was 
decided that as the Committee appointed from nur 
Society had been entrusted with full powers to make all 
arrangements, although plac'ng the Society in a most 
undignified position, this decision would have to be sub- 
mitted to. The result of the matter was that over one 
hundred members held aloof from what should have been 
a patriotic and hearty Scottish welcome to a great 

In the report next day after the dinner, in the organ 
of the Chairman of the Joint Public Dinner to Aberdeen, 
the presence of the Presiden.t of the North r)RrnsH 
Society was not mentioned; the President and mem- 
bers being completely ignored, the entire credit of the 
function going to the Chairman of the St. George's 


Society. Another good object lesson for the North 
British to avoid any approach to joint action with Sister 
Societies in the future. We should have learned this 
lesson from the joint proceedings in 1841, when th-.' 
North British was forced to withdraw from a loyal and 
patriotic demonstration, or take a subordinate place, 
which the Society indignantly refused. 

At the Annual Meeting the following resolution was 
carried unanimously: 

Rcsohc'cd, That the Senior and Junior A'ice-Presidents, 
the Stewards of the Society, be from date empowered to 
superintend the social interests of the members at the 
Quarterly Meetings. 

That they shall have the ordering of all refresh- 
ments which shall be provided in the place of meeting, 
with the addition of whiskey punch, ale and ginger beer. 

That the Stewards also provide music and secure 
singers and speakers to interest the mend^ers at Quar- 
terly Meetings. 

Another imijortant resolution was carried unani- 
mously : 

That at all future celebrations of the Festival of St. 
Andrew, the ordering of wines, ale, etc., be left to the 
discretion and option of members attending the dinner. 

At November meeting the new volume of Annals of 
the Society, 1768 to 1893, was distributed to the members 
present, and a vote of thanks to the compiler, James S. 
Macdonald, for his work, was :arried by a standing vote, 
and each member received a copy free. All extra copies 
was placed at fifty cents each. The total cost of the 
edition of 300 copies was $375, and the binding and print- 
ing was a credit to John Bowes, the printer. 

At the Annual Meeting, the office-bearers connected 
with the arrangements of the Aberdeen dinner were 


4X\JLS or ■riiiL 

jiassed over, and the followincr were elected. A glance 
will show how sweeping- the change was : 

John Forbes. President: 

Alexander Stephen, J'icc-Prcsidcnt: 

J. A. Chisholm, Scnr. J' ice: 

J. Godfrey Smith. /;/;/;-. I'icc; 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer; 

J. S. Chisholm. Secretary: 

William Taylor. Asst. do: 

Arch. Lockhart. Messoii^^cr: 

Rev. John Forrest, D. D. 

Rev. Allan Pollok. D.D.. 

Thos. Duncanson, 

John Macdonald. 

John McCrow% 

John Mclnnes. 

Arch. Miller. 



of _ 


All arrangements for celebration of the Festival of St. 
Andrew were left to the discretion of the office-bearers 

The celebration of the Festival for the 126th time by 
the Society was a magnificent one. and was attended by 
over 160 members. The dinner was held at Halifax 
Hotel. The President. John Forbes, presided with dig- 
nitv and effect. i)roving himself in tact, readiness and 
genial abilitv. in everv wav fitted for the position his 
brother members had ele\-ated him to. The Lieut. - 
Governor. General. Col. Leach. \'. C. Capt. Clarke. R. X.. 
of the Magicieiiiie. and other naval officers, and a capital 
representation of officials of Government, surrounded the 
banners. The dinner, magnificently tabled by the 
Hessleins. presented a splendid appearance. The enthusi- 
asm of the members and guests contrasted greatly with 
the depression and coldness of late years. Fourteen 
toasts were honoured. Capital responses were the order 
of the e\'emng, tliat of Col. Leach being remarkable for 


its wit and humour. At the conclusion of the eighth 
toast — Scotland — the President called attention to the 
great obligation the Society was under to James S. 
Macdonald, for the i)ublication of the Annals in 1868, 
and also for the volume just issued, completing the his- 
tory of the Society during 125 years of progress ; and 
presented Air. Macdonald, in the name of the Society with 
the following address, accompanied with a splendidly 
bound volume of Annals : 

To Jas. S. Macdonai-d : 

It is with feelings of much gratitude and pleasure that 
the XoRTH British Society of Halifax begs your accept- 
ance of the accompanying volume of the Annals of the 
Society since its formation. The work of itself is a fitting 
and enduring monument to your ability and devotion to 
the Society in so efficiently and yet gratuitously contribu- 
ting to the welfare of this, the oldest organization in the 
city, by compiling and editing this book. 

Measured by the magnitude of the labour involved, 
we feel we cannot express intrinsically our appreciation 
of your kindness, and the service you have thus rendered 
to the Society. ( )n the other hand, we feel that this 
bound volume of your own work is of a value surpassing 
any other means of expression of our thanks. 

We trust that you may be long spared to the Society 
and to the community, and that your future experience 
of life may be prosperous and happy. 

On behalf of the Xokth British Society of Halifax. 

John Forbes, 

Halifax, Xova Scotia. 30th December, 1894. 

The company separated at 2 a. m., in great harmony, 
the enthusiasm being worthy of the great past and 
memories of the Institution. 



A successful year, one marked by recuperation and 
enthusiasm. The Prohibition horror had passed away, 
never to return, but unfortunately it had, while it lasted, 
carried off no small number of the active list who could 
not be induced to risk such another experience in the 
Society, and so numbers were lost to the Institution, 
whose talents and good fellowship would have benefited 
the passing generation, and made history for their succes- 
sors. The new ofifice-bearers taking stock of the situa- 
tion, and knowing that they had the Society with them, 
went earnestly to work to put the Institution in good 
condition, to attract and keep its membership. A good 
Piper was wanted, and correspondence was opened with 
the different Highland Military Depots for information 
and counsel as to procuring a first-class Pipe-Major for 
the Society. A large number of answers were received 
from Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Hamilton, Glasgow, and 
from the Depots of the 26th Cameronians and 71st High- 
land Light Infantry, the 72nd Highlanders, the 42nd and 
93rd Regiments, the Provost of Edinburgh, and others, 
with applications from two Pipe-]\Iajors, both splendidly 

The Society had empowered a good strong Committee 
consisting of Rev. John Forrest, D. D., Geo. Mitchell, Jas. 
S. Macdonald, Alex. Stephen and John Forbes, to deal 
with the authorities above-named, and to make best 
arrangements on a liberal scale to a first-class man. xA.fter 
mature deliberation, the choice of the Committee fell on 
David Manson, Pipe-Major of the 72nd Highlanders, who 
also held the position of Master of the Shepherd's Piping 
Band of Hamilton, Scotland. Mr. Manson was written 
to, and liberal terms offered him for an engagement with 
the Society, which he accepted, and he duly arrived in 
Halifax by the Steamer Assyrian during the summer. 
On his arrival, a reception was given him by the Society 


at Halifax Hotel. There was a large attendance of mem- 
bers and guests ; many old members who had not been 
visible for years at the meetings put in an appearance to 
welcome the new Piper from Scotland. President 
Forbes presided, and opened the meeting with a hearty 
welcome from the Society to the distinguished Piper who 
had come so well recommended from the Fatherland. 
The President stated that the Society had been fortunate 
in securing the services of David Manson, who enjoyed 
the great distinction of being the best piper in his native 
county, Ross-shire, and had also the reputation of being 
one of the five great pipers of Scotland, and the selected 
instructor of the largest Band of Shepherds in the old 
country. While in the 72nd Regiment he had distin- 
guished himself as Piper and Highland Dancer, and 
came covered with medals he had won in numerous com- 
petitions. Pipe-Major Manson, from the opening of the 
meeting to the close, made a deep and favourable 
impression upon the company, his piping and dancing 
receiving unanimous admiration. In his capacity as Pipe- 
Major of the North British Society he is the successor 
of an illustrious line of Pipers, viz: 

1768-1782 — Donald Macdonald. 
1783-1801 — Hector MacPherson. 
1802-1814 — Duncan Macdougall. 
181 5-1826 — Kenneth Mackintosh. 
1827-1833 — Murdoch Maclean. 
1834-1846 — Archibald MacGregor. 
1847-1854 — John Mackenzie. 
1856-1891 — John Patterson. 
1895 — David Manson. 

During the evening, speeches, songs, pipe-music and 
refreshments followed until the termination of proceed- 
ings in a blaze of Highland enthusiasm. 

During the year the following gentlemen were elected 
members : 



Dr. \\\ i\r. Cameron, 
Andrew B. Boak, 
B. D. Bruce, 
John Mackintosh. 
Andrew Bayne, 
D. H. Campbell. 
J. Fraser Cameron, 
Jas. E. Roy, 
James Ireland, 
Jas. E. Gass, 
b. A. King, 
Jas. Imrie, 
\\\ G. Cattnach. 

D. C. Gillis, 

E. J. Macdonald, 
Hon. Daniel McNeil, 
John McLachlan, 

T. Scott Webster. 

H. W. Mcintosh. 
Chas. D. Fraser, 
W'm. Parker. 
D. McLellan. 
Chas. H. Bayne, 
C. J. McKie,' 
J. \\'. H. Cameron, 
Jas. Grant, 
Duncan Grant, 
C. B. Burns, 
Jas. Fearon, 
\V. L. Bishop, 
Dr. W. F. Smith, 
\\'. H. Hugg-ins, 
Jas. Campbell, 
David Johnston, 
Arch. T. Miller, 
Rev. T. S. Black. 

Pipe-Major Manson was unanimously elected an 
Honorary Member, and the following were, at their own 
request, removed from Ordinary and placed on Honorary 
List of Members, and exempted from pavment of dues: 

John M. Smith, 

Hon. W. Ross, 

David H. Duncan, 

\\ illiam Grant. Jr., the father of the Society, 

John Taylor. 

and the following were, by payment of forty dollars each, 
elected Perpetual Members : 

James C. Mackintosh, 

Kenneth Sutherland. 

John J. Stewart. 
The Banners of the Society having been damaged by 
lire several years ago, it was decided to procure a new 
Banner, and a Committee, consisting of Alex. Stephen. 
Hugh D. Mackenzie and James S. Macdonald, were 
empowered to make arrangements for same. 

xoRrf[ BRITISH soc/nrv. 615 

At Annual Meeting, the rule of the St)cicty relatinf^ 
to (|ualificati(>n for nienibershi]) was amended to read as 
follows : 

Persons desiring^ adniittanee into the Society shall 

I'irst, of persons who are natives of Scotland : 
Secondly, of those either of whose parents, g^randpar- 
ents or g^reat grandparents were natives of Scotland. 

The following- gentlemen were elected office-bearers 
for 1896: 

Alex. Stephen. President: 

J. J. Stewart. I'iee do.: 

Prof. W. C. Murray. Se)!r. Asst. do.: 

Dan. Budge, /;//;;-. Asst. do.: 

Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer: 

\y. D. Cameron. | 

J. S. Chisholm. \ ^'''^'^'>■^■f^~"■i■'S■■ 

David Manson, Pif-e Major: 

Rev. Dr. Pollok, | ^, ,, . 

-D TIT- .Chaplains: 

Rev. John rorrest, | 

Arch. Lockhart, Marslial: 

Mr. Duncanson, 

" Miller. 

'' Ross, Charity Cminiiittee: 

" Macdonal 

" Mclnnes, 

" Roy. ^ 

" Paton, 1" Back Dues. 

" Hector M( 

[cinnes, -' 

It was decided to hold the dinner in celebration of the 
Festival of St. Andrew at Halifax Hotel, and as the 30th 
of November fell this year on Saturday, it was decided 
to hold the dinner on Friday, the 2gth. It was also 
decided unanimously that the wines, ale, etc., provided 
be included in the price of ticket. It was agreed to 


make the celebration as truly Scottish as possible, several 
announcing their intention to attend in kilts, plaids, 
scarves, and other Highland insignia. 

The Treasurer announced the assets of Society to 
total $22,196.91. The expenditure of the year had been 
$1,583.00. A magnificent showing, and coupled with the 
great accession of new members during the year, avigurs 
well for the future of the Institution. A hearty vote of 
thanks to the office-bearers of the year was passed 
;in(l was dulv acknowledged by the President. 
The supper was largely attended, over seventy being 
present. Song, speeches and sentiment enlivened the 
genial meeting, and the presence of the new Pipe-^Iajor 
also added to the enjoyment of the gathering. 

The dinner in celebration of the Festival of Saint 
Andrew was held at Halifax Hotel on Friday evening, 
Xo^-ember 29th, and pro\ed a most brilliant occasion. 
150 members and guests were present to grace the 127th 
Festival of the Society. The gathering was one of the 
most notable ever assembled under the banners of the 

President Alex. Ste])hen occupied the chair, and was 
supported right and left by a most distinguished assem- 
blage of officials, Perpetual Members, etc. 

The new banner of the Society which had just arrived 
from Scotland, was unfurled for the first time over the 
Chair. The new Pipe-]\Iajor elicited unbounded enthusi- 
asm by his splendid selections. The menu was perfect, 
the wines excellent, and for several hours the numerous 
and delighted company enjoyed themselves with the 
old-time enthusiasm. The mighty spirit of patriotism 
])revailed from opening to finish and marked every 
moment of the genial assembly. At 10 o'clock, Presi- 
dent Stephen announced the first toast, and following the 
time-honored custom of the Presidents in assuming office, 
thanked the Society in a speech that was cheered to the 


echo. In his address he referred to the g-ood work per- 
formed by the Society during the 127 years of its history, 
and particularly to the progress of the past year, which 
was gratifying and inspiring. The great additions to 
the ranks of the Society was touched upon, and the 
presence this evening of a Scottish Pipe-Major, now 
associated with the Society, made a full cup in the memor- 
ies his music evoked in every Scottish breast. In thanking 
the members for its blue ribbon of elevation, he briefly 
but eloquently brought to mind the grand work of his 
predecessors in the Chair, and alluded to the fact that his 
father, Alex. Stephen, Senr., had, twenty-seven years 
ago, that night, occupied the proud position that the 
Society had honoured him with, and which he occupied 
this evening. Then followed a good list of toasts. The 
responses to the entire list were far above the average 
post-prandial excellence. Lieutenant-General Laurie 
and Col. Anstruther in responding for the army, made the 
speeches of the evening, as each dwelt grandly upon the 
valor and achievements of the Scotish Regiments and the 
self-sacrifice of the Scottish people in the cause of liberty. 
The company separated at 2 a. m. in peace, after a most 
delightful celebration, marked by the finish, attention and 
acquaintance with the necessary details of a public din- 
ner which are so essential to the dignity and comfort of 
a great patriotic function. 

Biographical Notes — 1895. 

John Forbes, born at Halifax. 1833, grandson of John 
Forbes, who joined the Society in 1835, and who was for 
many years a favorite and leading member. Mr. Forbes 
was educated in our city and studied engineering, and 
subsequently occupied good positions in the United 
States. He returned to Halifax about thirty years ago 
and was for a long period the head and front of the Starr 


Manufacturing' Co., which is still in existence. Mr. 
Forbes is widely known as an inventor, and his talents 
have been greatly appreciated by the manufacturing and 
mercantile community. He joined the Society in 1873. 
and has ever been a popular and useful member ; has 
occupied the various subordinate offices, and in 1895 
fdled the chair of the Society with g'feat credit and dig- 
nity. It was a time when a popular and energetic 
presiding officer was required. The Society, from various 
causes, had not been flourishing, and a change had to be 
inaugurated to bring the Institution up to its usual 
^•io■orous working. The President, with his assistant 
officer-bearers, succeeded, and a new era of usefulness 
was started. The roll of members was greatly increased : 
.', splendid Piper was induced to come to Halifax from 
Scotland. This created a most patriotic and praise- 
worthv interest, and wuth other and needed attractions 
brought back the light of former days, and a new lease 
of usefulness to our Institution, which only a year before 
appeared to be fast degenerating into a mere charity 
machine. The impetus given will be felt in many coming 

George E. Boak, born in Halifax, 1855, son of Sir 
Robert Boak, who was a member of our Society in 1845, 
and for many years was an active and valued member. 

Mr. Boak joined the Society in 1894. and has since 
then been elected Senr. Assistant Vice-President. He 
has served on various Committees, and has contributed 
greatly to the success of our Quarterly and Annual Din- 
ners by his social qualities and splendid voice. A 
vigorous debater and keen business man, he has proved 
himself an acquisition valued by our Institution. 




During- the year the Society kept well to the front in 
prosperity and progress. The meetings were all well 
attended, and much business was transacted. 

Mr. George Mitchell, who for the past twenty-five 
years had occupied the imjjortant position of Treasurer, 
resigned his ofifice. This was to the general regret of the 
Society, who valued highly the splendid services he had 
for so long a period rendered the Institution. The fol- 
lowing resolution was honoured by a rising vote of mem- 
bers, and ordered to be spread on the minutes of the 
Society : 

'■ That in j\Ir. Mitchell's retirement from office, the 
Society desires to express its thanks for his voluntary 
and gratuitous labours, for his deep and continued 
interest in the progress and welfare of the Institution, 
and its gratitude for the many services he has rendered 
in the faithful discharge of his duties, extending-, as they 
do, over so long a term of years. That the care, over- 
sight and successful investment of the funds during Mr. 
Mitchell's term of office has been creditable to his sound 
judgment and thorough business knowledge, and has 
been in every way satisfactory to the Society: 

'■ That the Society places on record this acknowledg- 
" ment of its deep obligation to Mr. ^litchell, and its 
" lasting remembrance of the good services rendered the 
" Institution during several generations by members of 
" the family of which he is a worthy descendant and 
■' honoured representative.'' 

-Mr. Mitchell made a suitable reply to the members, 
who re-echoed the spirit of the resolution. 

Mr. Alex. Stephen was unanimously elected Treasurer, 
vice Mr. George Mitchell resigned. 


The Committee in charge of the matter of procuring 
a banner for the Society, reported that they had received 
many estimates and designs from Paris, Edin1)urgh. Lon- 
don and New York, and at last empowered Mr. Jas. E. 
Roy, who was in Europe, to aid them in inspecting per- 
sonally the material and workmanship of the banners. 
That' it had resulted in procuring a splendid banner at the 
cost of $170, which was much lower than the estimate. 
That the Societ}' had inspected the banner at the last 
Festival of St. Andrew, and appeared pleased with the 
result of Committee's purchase. The matter was dis- 
cussed, and the Committee thanked for their attention 
and promptness in having the work so well executed. 
The design was furnished by the Committee, and gave 
entire satisfaction to the Society. 

The following were elected members during the year: 

Major Clarke, Colin Macnab, 

Joseph Wood, Senr., John A. INIacdonald, 
Joseph Wood, Junr., Stephen Mitchell, 
H. C. AlcCallum, Hon. Geo. H. Murray, 
David Cokjuhoun, Jas. D. Ritchie, 
Col. Jas. D. Irving, Alex. McKenzie, 
Geo. F. Macdonald, Donald Sutherland, 
F. W. Page, Dugal McLachlan, 

and Donald Keith and Andrew Bayne were elected Per- 
petual Members, and each paid $40 into the hands of the 
Treasurer for the honour conferred. At this year's 
Annual Meeting the President, Alex. Stephen, made the 
following communication to the Society : 

That during his term of office, now about expiring, 
he had in his oversight of the interests of the Institution, 
examined the minute book and records of the Society for 
several years past, and with great regret had to bring the 
attention of the Society to the indifferent manner In 
which the business of the several meetings had been 
recorded. There were noble exceptions, but owing, as 


he believed, to the fact that members, overwhehned with 
lousiness engagements, had accepted the office of Secre- 
tary, with but very Hmited time to devote to the duties 
of the position, the resuh had been unsatisfactory. Thus 
the very briefest notice of the work of each meeting is 
presented on the Minutes. 

In several instances, the Treasurer's reports are 
omitted. For several years past not the slighest record 
can be found in the books relating to the celebration of 
the Festival of Saint Andrew, one of our most important 
meetings, historically considered — a deplorable loss to 
the Society's records. These, with other important 
omissions, render the Archives incomplete. 

For the creditable continuation of our history this 
should be considered, and he, as President, would suggest 
the appointment of an office-bearer whose duties would 
consist of an oversight of the records, and who would 
annually enter on the books of the Society, after the F^es- 
tival of St. Andrew, of a historical summary of the trans- 
actions of the year. The new office-bearer to be called 
" The Historian," to be elected annually, and to rank 
with the Chaplains of the Society. 

In the best interests of the Institution he, the 
President, would submit this communication for the 
information and consideration of members, and would 
further recommend that as an appointment of Honorary 
Office-bearers requires no prescribed period of notice, 
before completing election, that at this Annual Meeting a 
Historian be appointed. 

After a brief discussion of this important communi- 
' cation by a large meeting of members, the unanimous 
expression of opinion was in favor of the President's 
recommendation, when it was moved by John Forbes, 
and seconded by Geo. Mitchell, that James S. Macdonald 
1)6 appointed Historian of the Society, which being put 
from the Chair, was passed unanimously. 


]\Ir. Macdonald, in accepting the office, briefly thanked 
tlie Society for the honor conferred. 

The newly appointed Historian was then empowered 
bv the President and office-bearers to procure, at his own 
expense, some suitable insignia of office, the same to be 
Scottish in design and motto, and to be inscribed on 
back with date of institution of office. 

The election of office-bearers resulted in appointment 
of the following for 1897: 

J. J. Stewart, President: 

Prof. \V. C. Murray, ['/Vr do.; 

J. A. Chisholm, Scnr. Vice; 

Major Clarke, Junr. Vice; 

Alex. Stephen, Treasurer; 

Jas. S. Macdonald, Historian; 

D. Budge, Secretary; 

D. A. King, Asst. do.; 

John Macdonald, 

J. Mclnnes, Coininittcc 

Arch. Miller, of 

\\m. Ross, Charity: 

T. Duncanson, 

Rev. Dr. Pollok, -»,-,. ^, . 

Rev. Dr. Forrest, 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal: 

David ^lanson, Pipe Major; 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was duly celebrated by 
holding a dinner at Halifax Hotel, Monday evening, the 
30th of November. This function was one of the finest 
in the history of the Institution, 155 members and guests 
being present. From start to iinish it proved a magnifi- 
cent success. The arrangement in every department was 
perfect ; the wines excellent ; the pipe music by Manson 
superb, and the Society's quartette furnished Scottish 
musx. which was greatly enjoyed by all present. 


The Chair was filled by J. J. Stewart, Esq., and right 
and left he was supported by the l)est citizens of Halifax, 
with Government officials, and representatives of Army 
and Xavy. 

At 1 1 oclock the President announced the first toast, 
and in his introductory remarks gave a most interesting 
sketch of the progress and position of the Society, and 
its hallowed associations of 125 years. 

The different toasts elicited eloquent responses, par- 
ticularly that of Scotland and Burns, which was replied 
to by Rev. Dr. J. S. Black in a speech of great beauty and 
power. The Clan McLean were present in kilts, plaids 
and tartans, and were a splendid acquisition to so thor- 
oughly Scottish a gathering. Chief Forbes replied most 
eloquently for the Clan. Telegrams of fraternal greeting 
were received from Montreal, Vancouver and Ottawa, 
and suitably answered. The music was a grand feature. 
Samuel Crawford delighted the company with an exquis- 
ite rendering of several of his favourite numbers, his notes 
fairlv thrilling his auditors w^ith their sweetness and 
beauty. The Festival was voted a great success by all 
present, and was well up to the high standard of our 
Society's celebrations. 


This year, like its predecessor, was an active and 
prosperous one with the Society. Mr. Stewart made a 
])opular President, and was well supi)orted by the mem- 
bers. The grand services of the late Treasurer were, this 
year, suitably acknowledged. At the August Quarterly 
Meeting, attended l)y a capital representation of the 
members, Mr. (ieo. Mitchell was presented with a solid 


silver ser\ice. suitably engraved with crest of Society 
and his familv crest. It bore the following inscription: 

Presented to ihn). Mitchell, M. P. P.. 

h\- the XoKTii Uki'iisii Socn-rrv of Halifax, X. S., 

in recognition of his services as 

'IVeasnrer of the Society 

for twenty-five }'ears. 


-Mr. Mitchell made an eloijuent and ])leasing reply in 
accepting testimonial from Societ}-. 

As the world oftentimes in the case of useful officials 
of wealth \- ])hilanthro])ic institutions such as our Society 
])erniits and accepts an immense deal of work to be ren- 
dered for \ears without notice or recognition, this 
presentation serves as a good object lesson to other insti- 
tution in our community, and will help to encourage them 
in the recjuital of faithful services of men who have, as 
Mr. Mitchell, laboured long without hope or inclination 
of recognition or reward. It may here be noticed that 
the ser\-ice presented was valuable and costly. 

The Societv, in conjunction with Clan McLean, held 
a Scottish gathering in August, which proved a great 
success. A large Committee from each organization 
managctl the affair, and a good number from Pictou and 
.\ntigonish, with a large contingent from Ca])e IJreton, 
com])ete(l in the games, and showed great interest in the 
truh- Highland gathering that it proved. The Society's 
propf)rtion of expenses was $150. 

The death of James (lodfrc)- Smith, a most useful 
member, took place this year. Mr. Smith's family con- 
nection with the Society dates back for over a century. 
A minute of regret was ordered to be recorded. 

The new Pipe-Major continued with the Societv, and 
was granted this summer a ncAV tunic and waistcoat. 


The follcnviiii;- were eleeted meml)ers duriiii;' the year: 

H. B. Clarke, Donald AlcPherson ( irant, 

N. F. Cnnning-hani. Ebenezer McKay, 
Henry A. McDonald. 

llie inxested funds showed by statement to stand at 

At this date the Society had attained a very enviable 
])osition. The good fellowship of the members was well 
in evidence. Xo sound was heard of dissatisfaction or 
(hscord. Three energetic members had each filled the 
Chair during the past three years with great dignity and 
judgment: — Messrs. Forbes in 1895, Stephen in 1896. and 
Stewart in present year, 1897, had given their best ener- 
gies to the task of renovation and restoration, and had 
succeeded in placing the Institution high in the estima- 
tion of its members and the Scotchmen of Halifax. 
During their terms of office in the Chair, a splendid Piper 
had been procured from Scotland, the Quarterly meetings 
had regained their old-time popularity, and were all 
social meetings in the true sense of the term ; the Festi- 
vals of St. Andrew had been restored to their former 
importance, a splendid banner had been procured for the 
Society from Britain. The service of a quarter century 
of hard and faithful work of Geo. Mitchell, Treasurer, 
had been fittingly acknowledged by a presentation wor- 
thy of the Society. The new volume of Annals had been 
compiled and distrilnited, and a number of matters of 
minor importance, such as attending to the monuments 
of deceased members, and the erection of a suitable 
memorial to a late favourite Piper. These can be men- 
tioned as among the objects of their care, and which we 
can thank these worthy Presidents for. Nor can we for- 
get the new members these changes brought to the 
Society. The active list was largely increased, besides 
the Perpetuals secured to the Institution, and all these 
good things came to the Society by the strong, working. 


personal interest of these three gentlemen named. At 
the close of the year, the invested lunds showed a sub- 
stantial increase. 

The following office-bearers were elected to serve in 

John Mclnnes, President; 

Prof. Howard Murray, Viee do.; 

James Halliday, Senr. Asst.; 

H. C. McCallum, Jiinr. do.; 

Jas. S. Macdonald, Historian; 

McC. Grant, Treasurer; 

D. Budge, Secretary; 

Dr. J. Ross, Asst. do.; 

David Manson, Pipe Major; 

John Macdonald, ^ 

Thos. Duncanson, Covimittce 

John Mclnnes, of 

Wm. Ross, Charity; 

A. Miller, 

Dr. John Forrest, D. D., i ., . . 

Dr. PoUok, D. D.. 1 ^ "«/•'«""' 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

The Festival of Saint Andrew was celebrated by the 
Society dining together at Halifax Hotel on Tuesday 
evening, 30th November. 

Biographical Note — 1897. 

Rev. Daniel M. Go^'don. D. D.. Principal of Queen's 
University, Kingston, horn in N^ova Scotia, 1845, oi Scot- 
tish descent, an ploouent ''nd enerp-etic divine, minister 
of St. Andrew's Church, H-^lifax. until his annointment to 
a Professorship at Pine HiU Theolop-ical College, from 
which position he ws. on the death of Principal Grant, 
called to the Presid-n'-v of Oreen's Universitv, T^ingston. 
In 188'^ he distineuished hinisejf by serving as Chaplain 



to the <;oth Jlattalion (lurint;" the Riel Rehelh'on in the 
Xorth-W'est, for which he receixed the medal for active 
service on the fiehl at l)atoiiche. In Hahfax he was a 
great favourite, and connected himself with our Society in 
1889, and subse(|uently was api)ointed Chaplain. His 
removal from Halifax was greatly regretted by the 

Rev. Jas. S. lUack. 1). D.. a native of Brechin. Scotland, 
born in 1845, educated at Edinburgh, ordained minister 
of Established Church of Scotland 1870, subsequently 
came to Halifax, and for several years was pastor of St. 
Andrew's, Church, Halifax. Received degree of D. D. 
from Presbyterian College, Montreal. Joined the Xortii 
British Society in 1895, and at once became a prominent 
member, was elected Vice-President in 1902, and presided 
at the St. Andrew's dinner that year. Mr. r)lack resigned 
the office of Nice-President, and returned to Britain in 


The attendance at the meetings of Society this year 
was not satisfactory. There was not that desirable 
unanimity among the members so evident under the 
Presidency of Forbes. Stephen, and Stewart. 

I^ipe-Major Manson resigned his position, and accepted 
a lucrative office in Montreal. This was greatly regretted 
by many of the members, particularly by those who had 
given considerable time and trouble in procuring so 
talented a Piper for the Society, and wdiose presence had 
greatly helped to augment the active list of members 
during past three years. 

The following were elected members : 

J. H. Hugill. Capt. J. M. Allen, 

\V. H. Bauld. Jas. Taylor, 

Capt. S. R. Hill, Jas. Hall, 

A\'m. Eraser. 


At the Annual Meeting- the following- were elected 
office-bearers for ensuing year: 

Prof. Howard Murray, President; 

J. A. Chisholm, J'iee do.; 

Geo. H. Ta3dor, Scnr. Assf; 

W. D. Cameron, Jiiiir. do.; 

yicC. Grant, Treasurer; 

Tas. S. Macdonald, Historian; 

]. ^Iclnnes, 



J. Macdonald, 

T. Duncanson, j .,, ' . 

W'm. Ross, 

A. Miller. 

Dr. J. Ross. ) ^ 

D. Budge, )' ^^''^'-'^^'"''^^; 

Rev. Dr. Forrest, | ., 
Rev. J. S. Black, ^ ^ ^^^'Pl^'"'^^- 
J. A\'. H. Cameron, Piper; 
Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

Arrangements for Festival left with the office-bearers 

The Festival of St. Andrew was celebrated by holding 
the Annual Dinner at Halifax Hotel on Wedesday even- 
ing-, the 30th of X'ovember. Prof. Howard Murray, Presi- 
dent, in the Chair. The different tables were surrounded 
b}- a most enthusiastic company. The dining-hall was 
resplendent with decorations, the menu, as usual, per- 
fect. The vocal music exquisite. Crawford was present, 
and in great ^"oice and magnetic touch with the pleased 
assemblage. The splendid piping of Manson was all that 
was requisite to make the occasion complete in harmon}-, 
but he was away, and bv his absence a braw Scottish 
thistle dropped from the chaplet of social victories 
achieved by our Societv. 

At 1 1 o'clock the cloth was removed, and after the usual 
introductory thanks of the President for the honour con- 


f erred l)y placino; him in the Chair, the toast Hst was 
proceeded with. The pious memory of St. Andrew, the 
Queen, the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Governor- 
(jeneral, were well ^-iven from the Chair, and duly hon- 
oured, when the fifth toast, " The Dominion, Provincial 
and Civic Rulers " was proposed by an office-bearer 
in a speech which occupied three quarters of an hour in 
delivery. The toast was vigorously replied to by a 
number of leading politicians who were placed at the 
head of the table, although not public guests of the 
Society, and who forgetting that guests have duties as 
well as hosts, occupied three hours in debating political 
questions of the da}'. " Platforms and policies." outs 
and ins, all duly discussed by prominent men who seizing 
the opportunity presented by the unfortunate introduc- 
tion to the toast, intlicted fearful speeches upon an inno- 
cent and generally uninterested company, and to the 
horror of the President, who in the position of host had 
to take it patiently, consumed hours which should have 
been devoted to the programme, upon which his prestige 
as a Chairman so much depended. By the time the poli- 
ticians had exhausted themselves, and at the same time 
the patience of the majority of the members of the Society, 
2 a. m. had arrived, and at 2.35 in the morning, the first 
Scottish patriotic toast was proposed and replied to by 
Rev. J. S. Black in a one minute address. This was a 
great disappointment to Mr. Black, as well as to the 
majority of the company, as the Reverend orator had 
been specially asked to speak to the toast, and had pre- 
pared a suitable reply, the delivery of which was looked 
forward to with great pleasure, as Mr. Black's eloquence 
and power as a speaker was well known to the Society 
and to the people of Haifax. At such a late hour to com- 
mence the national toasts the briefest brevity was all that 
could be looked for, and with Mr. Black's withdrawal at 
the close of his reply, the meeting degenerated into a sort 
of smoking concert. There was no excess, but the guests 


appeared to take charge ; the majority of them thought it 
was the correct thing to do, and the result was most 
unsatisfactor}'. The almost sacred elevation of thought 
and speech, so characteristic of the Scottish National 
Festival, was wanting. There were lots of burlesque 
and politics, but the splendid appeals to patriot- 
ism and the hallowed associations of other years and 
other members revived by the Festival were wanting, and 
at 4 a. m. the company separated. The majority had a 
lot of enjoyment, but to the thorough Scots present it 
was by no means a fitting celebration of the Festival of 
St. Andrew. The President had the sincere sympathy of 
many of -the members of the Society present, but it was 
a trying position to occupy to have charge of so many 
unreasonable guests who had so little consideration for 
the host and the Festival. 

Biographical Note — 1898. 

Howard Murray, Professor of Dalhousie College, born 
in Nova Scotia, 1859. of Scottish descent, after a thorough 
Collegiate course, distinguished by great brilliancy, 
captured the Gilchrist Scholarship in 1881. Subse- 
cjuentlv in Scotland. England, and Germany, he 
prosecuted his studies, and in 1887 was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Classics in Dalhousie College. His reputation 
as a classical authority stands high in the Dominion. 
Prof. Murray joined the Society in 1888, served in several 
junior offices, and was elected President in 1898. 


This year the Societv donated the sum of one hundred 
dollars toward the relief of the widows, children and 
wives of the Halifax Contingent to South Africa. Com- 
pany H. Capt. H. B. Stairs. 


The Records of the Society, often a cause of anxiety 
to members, were deposited for safety at close of year in 
fire-proof vault of L'nion Bank of Halifax: — Six Volumes 
of Society. 1768 to 1896, all in good condition; four vol- 
umes Treasurer's Hooks. 1768 to 1896; four Packages. 
1768 to 1820, valuable papers; one Volume Printed 
Annals of Society, first edition, 1768 to 1868; one Volume 
Printed Annals of Society, second edition, 1768 to 1893; 
two Silver Seals of Society. 

The death of John Taylor, Senr., a most esteemed 
member, who had been for nearly fifty years connected 
with the Society, was communicated to the February 
meeting-. A minute of regret was placed on record, and 
a copy sent to the family. 

It was discussed, and pased unanimously, that in 
future as many of the retired Presidents as available, with 
other leading members of the Society to the number of 
twenty-five be invited to attend the meetine-s of Commit- 
tee of oflfice-bearers elect and out-going, preparing for 
Annual Festival of St. Andrew. 

The following were elected Ordinarv Members of 
Society : 

F. Webster, F. Simson, 

Thos. Mitchell. Q. H. McKenzie. 

S. M. Mabow, J. D. McDonald, 

and Edward Morrison was elected a Perpetual ^Member, 
paying to the Treasurer $40. 

At Annual Meeting, the Marshal gave in a list of the 
property of the Society in the rooms leased from Vtc^d- 
ford Chambers, P>edford Row. 

The election of office-bearers for 1900 resulted as 
follows : 

J. A. Chisholr.i, President: 

Col. J. D. Irving, J^icc do.: 

Hector Mclnnes, Scnr. Asst. Vice: 

Geo. E. Boak, Jmir. Assf. I' ice: 

Jas. .S. Macdonald, Historian; 


Tlios. Duncanson, ' 

A. Miller, Committee 

John Macdonald, - of 

\\m. Ross, Charity: 

John Mclnnes. 

McC. Grant. Treasurer; 

D. Budge, I ^ 

T T1 I Secretaries; 

Jas. Ross, 3 

Rev. Dr. Forrest, ) ^,, 

o T-> r)i 1 [Chaplains; 

Rev. Dr. Black. ) 

J. W. H. Cameron, Piper; 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal; 

The Festival of ^aint Andrew was celebrated by the 
Society and guests dining at Halifax Hotel on Thursday 
evening, the 30th of November. 


The Quarterly Meetings were marked by slender 
attendance of members. A Committee was appointed to 
procure a Piper for Society. Mr. D. McPherson Grant, 
R. N., ordered to Britain, resigned membership. 

The following Avere, during the year, elected members : 
W. G. Robertson, \\\ R. Mclnnes, 
Thos. Payne, \\\ Chisholm, 

R. Norman, A\\ F. McPhie, 

and Col. James J. Bremner and Col. Charles J. Macdon- 
ald became Perpetual Members, paying $40 each to the 

Mr. Thos. Duncanson, a valued member of the Com- 
mittee of Charity, having resigned his position as 
member of Committee, a minute of approval of his services 
was placed on record, and presented to Mr. Duncanson 
at Festival of St. Andrew. The delapidated condition of 
monument in Cemetery, Camp Hill, to Howard Maclean, 


a late esteemed Secretary, was called to the attention of 
Society, and it was ordered that it be placed in good 
condition. The Marshal reported that the property of 
Society in Bedford Chambers was in good order and 
consisted of 

The new Banner of Society, Silk. 

The Banner of 1834, Silk. 

Seven Bannerettes, 1834, Silk. 

One Union Jack. 

900 Blank Certificates of Membership. 

Two Snuff Mulls. 

70 Volumes Annals, 1768- 1893. 

Boxes, two Muniment Chests, and other Miscel- 
laneous Property. 

The following- were elected ofifice-bearers for ensuing 
year : 

Lieut.-Col. J. D. Irving, D. O. C. President: 

Hector Mclnnes. J'iee do.: 

G. H. Taylor, Se>ir. .Isst. do.; 

Geo. E. Boak. Juiir. .-isst. do.: 

McC. Grant. Treasurer: 

Jas. S. Macdonald, Historian: 

D. Budge, I 

- ,T T 1 y Secretaries: 

L. M. Johnston. ) 

Dr. J. S. Black, D. D.. 1 ., , . 

Dr. John Forrest, D. D.. j 

G. S. Campbell, 

John Macdonald. Coiiuniftee 

Wm. Ross, . of 

Thos. Duncanson. Charitx: 

Arch. ^Miller. 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal: 

J. W. H. Cameron. Piper: 

Arrangements for celebrating the Festival of Saint 
Andrew were left to the incoming office-bearers and Past 
Presidents of Society. 


The dinner in celebration of the Festival of Saint 
Andrew was held <in I'riday e\ening-, 30th of Xovember, 
at Halifax Hotel. ( )ver 150 members and j^uests 
attended : more than forty officers \vere present in nni- 
torm. tile militar_\- turning out in force to compliment 
the gallant Colonel President of the Society. The hall 
and tables presented a grand appearance, and the banners, 
decorations, bimting and flowers made a tasteful anrl 
splendid disi)hn-. well in kee])ing with the company and 
the patriotic feelings inspired by the memories of the 
day. The President was supported by the Lieut. -Gov- 
eriKjr. Col. Biscoe, Commanding the Forces. Capt. (Af- 
ford, R. X.. of the Charybdis. Major Simmons, R. E.. and 
Capt. Stairs, just returned from the South African Cam- 
paign with the Halifax Contingent, Col. Ogilvie, R. A., 
the ]^Iayor, Presidents of Sister Societies. Cabinet ]\Iinis- 
ters of the Dominion, beside a strong representation of 
members of the Society. The President presided with 
dignity, and made a good Chairman, in everv way worthy 
the traditions of our Society. A feature of the occasion 
was the presentation of a copy of the Annals, splendidly 
biiund in maroon morocco, to Thomas Duncanson. Esq.. 
Chairman of Committee of Charity. 

Mr. Duncanson. in accejDting the gift and address, 
made a most feeling and eloquent acknowledgment of the 
value of the gift, and the good feeling of all concerned 
existins: betw^een the Societv and himself. 

Biographical Note — igoo. 

Lieut. -Col. J. D. Irving, a nati\-e of Prince Edward 
Island, of Scottish descent, born at Charlottetown. 1844. 
tducated there, in early life became an enthuiast in mili- 
tia, matters, joined the Provincial forces, and being 
j)roficient in drill and organization, was promoted to 
Lieut. -Colonel in 1887. Tn 1893 ^^^ ^^'^s appointed D. O. 
C. for Xo\'a Scotia Militarv District, and has for several 



years occupied the position with great acceptance. In the 
transfer of several Contingents from the West to Hahfax, 
and thence by transport to South Africa during the recent 
war, he greatly distinguished himself by his care for the 
comfort of the Forces despatched from Halifax. Col. 
Irving took command of the Third Contingent despatched 
to the seat of war, but on arrival found the Campaign had 
closed by the capitulation of the Boers. The Colonel 
joined the Xorth British in 1895. In 1901 he was 
elected President, and presided with great dignity at the 
St. Andrew's Dinner of that year. His popularity has 
been manifest, and has been duly earned by attention 
and enthusiasm in everv matter entrusted to his care. 

I go I. 

To the great and unbounded sorrow of all true and 
loyal British sul^jects, 

Her Most Gracious Majesty 

OuEEX Victoria, 

Died on the 22nd of January. i<)oi. 

A Special Meeting of Society was called on receipt of 
the mournful intelligence, and the following minute 
expressive of the deep sorrow of the m(?mbers of the 
Xorth British Society of Halifax was submitted by the 
President, was adopted and forwarded to His Majesty 
the King, and duly acknowledged by the Lord Chamber- 
lain. The minute was ordered to be inserted in the 
records of the Society as a most sincere expression of 
reverence and esteem for the Sovereign so well beloved 
by our Scottish people throughout the Empire: 



AIixuTE OF Expression of Sorrow of North British 
Society of Halifax, X. S., 

on demise of 


22nd of January. 1901. 

"The office-bearers delegated by the North British 
" Society to prepare a suitable minute for insertion in 
■■ the records of the Institution, expressive of the great 
" sorroAv which has clouded our national life Idv the recent 
" demise of 

Her ^Majesty Oueex \'ictoria. 

"would most respectfully submit the following brief 
" but sincere expression of the reverence and esteem of 
" the Society for the Sovereign who has so lately 
" exchanged her earthly symbol of power for the unfading 
■' diadem of a glorious immortality. 

" Not onlv has Britain lost a Queen whose life and 
" nobilitv of character has been the admiration of the 
" civilized world, biit the Throne of Great Britain has lost 
'■ the most ^Majestic Sovereign that in her famous annals 
" has ever wielded, power. A'ictoria's reign surpassed in 
" glor}- that of any Monarch in history, and as long as 
" Britain endures, the A^ictorian era will stand out with a 
" lustre that time will never dim. 

" Scotland and her sons in the Motherland, and where- 
" ever they dwell ovitside her borders, join the world- 
" wide sorrow for a Monarch who. to Scotland, ever made 
"herself dear bv her motherly interest in everything 
■■ which tended to preserve the patriotic life and tra- 
" ditions of our unconquered nation. Her never-failing 
" personal love for her Scottish home wdiich she cherished 
" as a native, for the Scottish people whom she loved as 
" a mother, w^ill make her memory and her worth to be 


" ever revered and treasured as a priceless jewel in the 
■■ remembrance of our Scottish nation. 

In this new Scotland of ours, we join in the universal 
■' mourning for our late beloved Monarch, and our mem- 
" bers of the North British Society, with the entire 
"Ijritish Empire, thank God for having- bestowed on them 
" such a ruler as Queen \'ictoria. who, during a long life, 
" blended the affection of a Mother with the majesty of 
■' the Sovereign in her dealings with her l>eloved people, 
■' who to-day, in their profound sorrow, have also a 
" glorious heritage of memories to enjoy, and transmit 
'■ to posterity of the great and good life of her wdio ' had 
'■ all the Royal making of a Oueen.' " 

I-'or the Xortii British Society of Halifax, Xova 


J. D. Irn'ixg, President. 

Halifax. X . S.. jtJi I'ebniary. ipoi. 

The Society decided to issue diplomas to members in 
good standing. Mr. Thomas Wood, an elegant penman, 
and son of an esteemed member, was entrusted with the 
work. V. hich was well performed to the satisfaction of the 
Societv. The following were admitted members during 
the year : 

J. Adams,' A. D. McRae, 

R. \V. ^lurray. E. Coffin, 

and D. H. McCaskill, Montreal was elected an Honorary 
Member, and the following having completed an active 
membership of twenty years were, by their own request, 
transferred to the Honorary List of the Society, and 
exempted from payment of dues : 

Archil)ald Mider, Archibald Vockhart, 

John AVatson. . , , ;:. 

This summer, a suitable marble monument was erected 
to the memory of a former favourite Piper of the Society, 
John Patterson, in Camp Hill Cemetery, and fittingly 


inscribed, a just tribute of esteem to one who had served 
the Society with zeal and honour. 

Capt. Griffin, a recently deceased Honorary Member, 
who had from time to time received aid from Society, 
during late years left in the settlement of his estate. $ioo 
to the funds. 

The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, in the 
course of their tour over the British Dominions, visited 
Halifax in October, and a special meeting was held to 
arrange about reception to the distinguished visitors. At 
the August meeting, the PVesident reported from the 
Committee, that they had decided to recommend the 
presentation of an address from the Society, and submit- 
ted a draft of the same, prepared by the Historian, which 
was read to the meeting, unanimously agreed to, and 
ordered to be suitably engrossed and presented to the 
Duke and Duchess on their arrival and public reception, 
Saturday, 19th October. 1901. The address agreed to 
read as follows : 

To His Royal Highness the Duke of Cornwall and York, 
Duke of Rothesay, Prince of Saxe Coburgand Gotha. 
Duke of Saxony. Earl of Carrick and Inverness, 
Baron of Renfrew and Killamey, Lord of the Isles, 
and Cireat Steward of Scotland. K. G., P. C. A'. T., 
K. P.. G. C. M. G., G. C. r. ().. LL.D., D C. L. : 

May it Please Your Royal Hii^hiicss: 

We. the f^resident, office-bearers and members of the 
North British Society of Halifax, representing the 
Scottish community of Xova Scotia, the oldest of the 
Provinces of British North America, approach Your 
Royal Highness with a hearty welcome, and present our 
sincere congratulations upon the Magnificent Progress of 
yourself and Royal Duchess around the globe, in visiting 
the many lands and peoples which compose the great 
British Empire, of which we are j)roud to form a ])art. 


( )nr Society, the oldest national and benevolent insti- 
tution in Canada, recalls from the treasured events of its 
past liistory. the memory of the visit, and its reception, a 
centurv ago, of your well-beloved great grandfather, the 
Duke of Kent, and also the welcome given your Royal 
I'^ather on his arrival at Halifax, in the course of his 
memorable journey over the Empire in i860; and now 
in the commencement of a new century, we hail the wel- 
come presence of yourself and Royal Duchess as a mark 
of that continued interest in our welfare which has ever 
distinguished your Royal House, an interest which tends 
to excite our esteem, and bind us with " bands stronger 
than steel " to our fellow-subjects throughout the Empire 
in loyalty to our King and country. 

As Scottish Canadians. i)roud of our countless associ- 
ations with Britain and its glorious past, the colossal 
future and expansion which the present greatness of the 
I'nited Empire portends, demands our best efforts in 
supporting the Throne and Constitution under which we 
have so happily lived. We therefore beg to renew, in 
this address, the freshening impulse of our warm loyalty 
to your Royal Father's person and family, and to assure 
Your Royal Highness that we continue to cherish that 
faithful adherence to the Throne which has ever distin- 
guished our organization and countrymen, and which 
we trust to transmit unimpaired to our successors to the 
latest generations. 

Halifax, X. S., 19th Oct., 1901. 

The following office-l)earers were elected for ensuing 
year, 1902 : 

Hector Mclnnes, President: 
Geo. H. Taylor, Vice do.: 
J. Ross, Senr. Asst.: 
James Halliday. Junr. Asst.: 
McC. Grant, Treasurer: 


Jas. S. Macdonald, Historian: 

D. Budge,. i 

W. R. Mclnnes. (' Secretaries: 

Rev. Dr. Pollok. ) 

Rev. T. Fowler, j ^^^^N^"^-^/ 

J. W. H. Cameron, Piper: 

A. Miller, 1 

D. H. Campbell, 

John Mclnnes, 

^^^ Ross, 

John Macdonald, 

Arch. Lockhart, Marshal. 


The 134th celebration of the Festival of Saint Andrew 
by the Xorth British Society was held at Halifax 
Hotel on Friday evening, St. Andrew's Eve., 29th 
November. The company numbered 150 members and 
guests. The tables, banners and decorations of the din- 
ing-room under the electric lights had a magnificent 
effect. The leading merchants and notables of the city, 
representatives of the army and navy, including the 
General Commanding the Forces and stafif, and leading 
militia officers were present. 

The interesting review of the Society's work for past 
years by the President, Hector Mclnnes, the progress of 
the Institution, and the fact that financially we were in 
what might be termed a satisfactory condition, was 
received with applause, and the great toast of the King 
was gi^'en from the Chair, amid great enthusiasm. As 
this occasion w^as the first celebration of the Festival 
since His INIajesty's accession to the Throne, the toast 
was duly honoured amid great cheering and piping. Then 
followed a long list of toasts. A notable response to the 
Army and Navy was made by Capt. Campbell, R. N., who 
referred to the fact that his grand-uncle, Sir Colin Camp- 
bell, an Honorary Member of the Society, and Lieut.- 
Governor of the Province, had attended the meetings 



seventy \-ears aji<). Tlirce pipers were a feature of the 
dinner. The Highland music was inspiriting; one of the 
pipers, AFcRae. was personal piper to Capt. Campbell. 
The band of the Royal Canadian Regiment was in tiie 
orchestra and gave splendid selections of Scottish music. 
Altogether, the celebrtation was a great success, and 
marked a good patriotic opening by the Society for the 
20th Centurv. 

Biographical Notes — igoi. 

Hector Mclnnes. a native of Xova Scotia, of Scottish 
descent, studied law at Halifax, admitted to the Bar in 
1888, and has since held a leading place in his profession 
in this city. In 1889 he joined the Society, and during 
subsequent years held various offices, in all of which he 
gave great satisfaction to the Society. In 1901 he was 
elected President, and the St. Andrew's Dinner of that 
year was a most brilliant one. Mr. Mclnnes holds many 
offices of trust in the communitv. — is Treasurer of Dal- 
housie College. Director of IJank of Xova Scotia, and is 
considered by all as one destined to reach the highest 
honours of his profession. 

Dr. George M. Campbell, born in Xova Scotia, of 
Scottish descent, studied medicine, and passing a brilliant 
examination as M. D.. commenced the practice of his 
profession in Halifax in 1890. where he has since occupied 
a leading position. Dr. Campbell has been largely 
interested in social and jihilanthropic institutions — is 
connected with the Clan McLean, the curling organiza- 
tion, and the many popular matters wdiich a public man 
finds it necessary to be allied with. He joined the North 
British in 1882. and has occupied the Vice-Chair of the 
Society, in which he proved a most useful member. 



The Society made good progress this year. The 
Quarterly Meetings were social and pleasant, and the 
members put in a good attendance. 

In May. a very interesting event occurred. Lieut. - 
Col. Irving, our late President, was ordered to take com- 
mand of the Sixth Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles, 
and proceed to South Africa to join the British Forces 
in the field. A special meeting of Society was called to 
express the satisfaction of the members at the honour 
conferred upon the gallant Colonel, and to present him 
with a pair of field glasses as a mark of their regard. A 
large number of members attended the presentation. 
Appropriate addresses were made b}* many leading mem- 
bers ; quite a fraternal gathering, creditable to the patriot- 
ism of all, resulted. 

During the year the death was announced of Rev. 
Geo. M. Grant, D. D.. Kingston. Principal of Queen's 
University. Great regret was manifested by the Society, 
with whom the reverend gentleman had been a great 
favourite, having been over thirty years a member, and 
President in 1875. A resolution of sympathy was sent 
to the family, and a minute expressive of Society's regret 
ordered to be inserted on the records. 

Twenty dollars was voted by the Society toward the 
repairing of St. Paul's Cemetery, as several eminent 
Scotsmen were buried there between 1768 and 1820. 
The following were elected members during the year: 

\\\ L. Kane, Chas. E. MacLaggan, 

C. D. McAlpine, John Calder, 

E. J. Ross, Gordon Scott, 

Robert Rrunton, \\\ R. Shute, 

John \\\ McKenzie, 
and Thomas Duncanson, by the payment of forty dollars, 
was elected a Perpetual Member. A copv of the Annals, 



specially bound, was sent to Lord Dundonald, Command- 
ing the Forces of the Dominion, and was suitably 
acknowledged. During the 3-ear a large amount of 
routine business w^as disposed of. The Committee of 
Charity was active, and the different objects of the 
Society were well attended to. 

The following were elected office-bearers for ensuing 
\car. 1903 : 

George H. Taylor, President; 

Rev. Dr. J. S. Black, Vice do.; 

James Halliday, Seiir. Asst.; 

F. Simson. Jitnr. Assf.; 

McC. Grant, Treasurer; 

D. Budge, I c * •,., 

°, ' '^ Secretaries; 

W. R. Mclnnes, ) 

Jas. S. Macdonald, Historian; 

Rev. Dr. Pollok, ) 

r, n- T- } I'C ha Plains; 

Rev. 1 . Fowler. j ' 

John Macdonald, 

John Maclnnes. Conunittee 

W'm. Ross, of 

D. A. Campbell. Charity; 

Arch. Miller. 

A. Lockhart. Messeui^er; 

J. \V. H. Cameron, Piper; 
The annual statement showed an expenditure of 
Si. 642.47. Society assets, $24,918.24. 

The Annual Meeting and Supper was one of the best 
held of late years. A marked interest and enthusiasm 
pervaded the large attendance at the supper. Over 
'.wentv Past-Presidents were at the table, and the com- 
panv embraced the leading professional and business 
men of the community. Special .singing and speeches 
with the Society's quartette — Xorman, Gillis. Mitchell 
and Pemberton— all contributed to a most enjoyable 


The celebration of the Festival of St. Andrew by the 
usual dinner, took place at Halifax Hotel. In the absence 
of the President, through illness, Rev. Dr. Black. Vice- 
President, presided. 

The company was, as usual, numerous and influential, 
and the occasion was enjoyed greatly by the members and 
guests. Dr. Black broke the record of celerit}^ of Society- 
dinners, having satisfactorily disposed of the toast list 
hours ahead of the usual time, as the parting toast of 
" good nicht and joy he wi' yc " was given, to the great sur- 
prise of the compau}', at 12 o'clock. It was a splendid 
celebration, and capitally managed and guided by the 
talented Chairman to a most successful and harmonious 

Biographical Notes — 1902. 

Geo. H. Taylor, born at Halifax. 1846, son of John 
Taylor, who, for over fifty years, was an active member 
of the XoRTH British Society, was educated at Halifax, 
and entered business at an early age. ^Nlr. Taylor joined 
the Society in 1871. and has since then served in several 
offices, particularly that of Junr. \*ice, and as Steward of 
the meetings, with great satisfaction. In 1902 he was 
elected President, and had a most successful year of 
office, several useful members being secured to the 

Hon. George H. ]\Iurray. l)orn in Xova Scotia, 186 1, 
of Scottish descent, studied law and was called to the 
Bar in 1883. Entering politics in 1889, he became 
Premier in 1896. ]\Ir. Murray's family have been con- 
nected with the Society for several generations — his 
grandfather. A\'m. [Murray, of Dornoch, Sutherlandshire, 
having joined the Society in 1813. His uncles, Donald 
and William, were for many years active and favourite 
members, and were each elected Presidents. Other 
members of the family have also rendered great service 
to this Institution. He was elected President in 1903. 




The Scottish Curlers, a strong representative team 
from all parts of Scotland, under their talented Captain. 
Rev. John Kerr, visited Canada early this year, and 
received a rousing reception at Halifax. A most enthusi- 
astic company assembled under the banners of the Society 
to give them a hearty welcome at Queen Hotel. The 
President, Tavlor. extended the hospitalities, and the 
Vice, Rev. J. S. Black, gave an eloquent welcome. 
The Royal Garrison Regimental Band was in the orches- 
tra, and gave a splendid programme of Scottish music. 
The affair was a most unqualified success ; fraternal good 
fellowship animated the great company, reviving many 
associations and memories of the Fatherland. 
At the August meeting, the Society decided 
" That in future, in furtherance of the best interests 
•' of the Society, a meeting of the office-bearers elected 
" at Annual Meeting, be held not later than the second 
" Thursday in January of each year ; 

" To examine and discharge all accounts connected 
" with the celebration of the Festival of Saint Andrew ; 

'• To arrange for increasing the membership of the 
'■ Society, and to arrange for the collection of back dues ; 
" To revise the Roll of Members when necessary, and 
*• to consider all matters relating to the general working 
" and welfare of the Society during their term of office 
■■ in coming year.'' 

A letter was received from Col. J. I). Irving, then 
visiting at Edinburgh, advising his donating to the 
Society a solid silver Quaig. or ancient drinking-horn, 
recently purchased by him at Edinburgh, and asking the 
Society's acceptance of the same. On motion, it was 
received, and the Secretary directed to acknowledge the 
gift, and thank the donor for his handsome remembrance 
of the Institution. 


It was decided that for the better information of the 
Society, in future the Treasurer's annual statement 
be printed, and a copy sent to each member, with notice 
of Annual Meeting. 

The sum of one hundred dollars a year for two years, 
or two hundred dollars in all, was voted toward the 
equipment of the Highland Pipe Band of thfe 63rd Hali- 
fax Rifles, the band to render musical service as required 
by Society for a period of three years. The matter was 
considered worthy the attention and encouragement of 
the Society as a Scottish interest, deserving of recog- 
tion by our Scottish community. 

It was also decided to revise the Rules and By-Laws 
and submit same at next Annual Meeting. 

The following were admitted members during the 
year : 

:\I. McF. Hall. S. Y. Wilson, 

D. F. Alatheson, Stanley Miller, 
John J. Webster, Geo. Anderson, 

E. S. Blackie, F. M. Anderson, 
\\\ S. Gray, Frank L. Stephen. 

John Stewart, M. I). 

The publication of the Third Volume of Annals of the 
Society, from 1768 to 1903, was approved, and direction 
of same left to arrangement of incoming office-bearers. 

The election of office-bearers for ensuing year resulted 
as follows : 

Hon. Geo. H. Murray, President; 

F. Simson, Vice do.: 

Dr. G. M. Campbell, Seiir. Assf. Vice; 

Aid. Jas. Halliday, Jiinr. Asst. Vice; 

Jas. S. Macdonald. Historian; 

McC. Grant. Treasurer; 

D. Budge, / 

W. R. Mclnnes. « Secretaries; 

Rev. Dr. Pollok, I cha^hnns; 
Rev. Dr. Forrest, .' 




John Mclnncs, 

Arch. Miller, 

\Vm. Ross, 

John Macdonald, 

b. H. Campbell. 

Geo. Anderson, Marshal; 

The expenditure this year totalled $1,612.80, and the 
Treasurer's statement showed assets of $24,756.15. 

The death of a most esteemed member was announced 
at Annual Meeting — Lt.-Col. Charles J. Macdonald, who 
died October 6th, 1903. A resolution of sympathy and 
regret was subsequently decided upon, and sent to his 
widow and family. 

The celebration of Saint Andrew, by the usual dinner, 
took place on ?\Ionday evening, 30th November, at Hali- 
fax Hotel. The attendance was not up to the standard 
of late years, as only ninety-six members and guests sat 
down to the as usual well-appointed tables. The music, 
speeches, and piping of the new Highland Band, gave 
every satisfaction, and the company separated at 3 a. m., 
thus closing the Society's record of one hundred and 
thirty-five years — an unbroken record of charity and 
good-fellowship creditable to the passing generations of 
our countrymen who. in their day, in this city, so well 
carried on the good work of the Institution, and so wor- 
thily transmitted it to us, their successors. 

During the past 135 years, over 1500 members have 
been enrolled in the ranks of our Society, embracing the 
very best of the Scottish element of the city and Province. 
Its long roll is dotted over with names conspicuous in 
our Provincial history, many of brilliant talents who 
have left their mark on the annals of our country, with 
hosts of genial men who have been esteemed in the more 
retired pursuits of life. 

The history and progress of our Society is so 
intimately entwined with the rise and progress of Hali- 


fax, that every public act of our organization serves to 
recall some phase of the growth of the city and the life 
of its people. As in the history of kindred associ- 
ations the Society has had its times of success and 
depression, for a number of successive years enjoying 
the living interest of its members, then, from various 
causes, periods of inaction would ensue. With ample 
funds to meet all its requirements, it only needs the warm 
interest of its membership to continue the good record 
it has enjoyed for so many generations, of being a genial 
centre of Scottish good-fellowship and charity. Its 
career has been an unsullied success, and the amount of 
good accomplished by it as a charitable institution, adds 
lustre to the proud position the North British Society 
of Halifax occupies as the senior National Benevolent 
Association of the Dominion. 




At the Quarterly Meeting of the Society, held on 5th 
Tvlay. 1904, which was largely attended, the matter of the 
publication of the Annals was brought forward for the 
consideration of the members, when, after a full and 
interesting discussion, which was taken part in by many 
influential members present, the following resolutions 
were passed : 

" That the historical record of the Society extending 
from its foundation in 1768, to the 30th November, 1903. 
now submitted in manuscript by the Historian, James S. 
IMacdonald, be accepted, and an edition of three hundred 
copies, illustrated with half-tone portraits of at least one 
hundred members, be published in an up-to-date manner, 
creditable to the Society, under the direction of a Com- 
mittee of five members to be appointed at this meeting, 
with instructions to proceed at once with the work." 

That the Committee on Publication of Annals of the 
Society consist of 

Jas. C. Mackintosh, President, 1877 
Rev. Dr. Forrest, " 1888 

Alexander Stephen, " 1897 

Hon. Geo. H. Murray, " igoj 

James Halliday, '' 1905 

That the proposed edition of Annals be paid for by the 
Treasurer on proper vouchers being furnished, and that 
the President and Treasurer be empowered to provide the 
necessary funds by disposal of any of the securities now 
held bv the Societv available for the purpose. 








so NOVEMBER, 1903 



30th November, 1903. 

Breniner. Col. James J. 
Bayne, And. X. 
Duncanson. Thomas 
Esson, William 
Fleming, Sandford 
Grant, Peter 
Keith, Donald 
^Morrison, Edward 
Macdonild. James S. 
Mackintosli. James C. 
McXab, J. 

Pollok, Rev. Allan, D.I). 
Raid. A. P., M. D. 
Reid, Thomas S. 
Stewart, J. J. 
Sutherland, Kennotli 
Sedgewick, Robert 




80X11 XoVEMP.EK, 1903. 

Anderson. George 
Adams. J. 
Archibald, Doiialil 
Allen, James 
Anderson, F. M. 
Baxter. Robert 
Brunton. Robt. 
Budge. Daniel 
Blackie. E. S. 
Baj-n-. C. H. 
Boak. Geo. E. 
Cowie, A. J., INI.D. 
Cameron, W. M.. ^l.T>. 
Cameron, J. W. TI. 
Campbell, Geo. M.. M.D. 
Campion, James 
Campbell, George S. 
Campbell, D. H. 
Chisholm. William. M.Il.C. 
Chisholm. J. A. 
Chisholm, M.. -AI.D. 
Chisholm. J. S. 
Colqiihon, David 
Costley, Alfred 
Coffin. E. W. 
Cunningham. K. H. 
Calder, John f. 

Chute, ^^■. R. 

Drys;lale. Artluir 
Forrrst. Rev. John. D.D. 
Forbrs, John 
Farquhar, J. A. 
Farquhar, Jas. 
Fear on. Jas. 
FoAvler. Rev. T. 
Fraser. Wm. 
(IvAin. Mc-C. 

Gillis, D. ('. 
Gray. W. S. 
Halliday. James 
Hosking. J. ]■]. 
Hill. S. T. 
Hall. James 
Huggins, W. n. 
Hall, M. McF. 
Irving. Col. Jas. D. 
Johnstone. H. W. 
Johnson. Jacob A. 
Kane, W. L. 
^laclntyre, Robt. 
^lacGregor. James 
^lacXab. Colin 
McLaggan, C. E. 
ilacCrow, John 
MaeXeil, Daniel 
MacFatridge, Wm. 
McAlpine. C. D. 
]\laclnnes. Hector 
Machines. W. R. 
Maclnn(s. .T. 
MacKenzie. H. D. 
MacKenzie. G. H. 
MacKenzie, G. A. 
MacKenzie, J. W. 
Macdonald. H. A. 
Macdonald. John 
MacKie. C. J. 
:\racKay. A. H. 
MacKay, Ebenezer 
:JcKay, A. 
McKay. A. A. 
Mitcliel!. George 
Mitchell. A. B. 
.Mitchell. Stephen 



-Alitchcl!. Thoiii:>s 
-Matheson. 1). F, 
Miller. Stanley 
^lunay. Prof. Howard 
-Murray. Prof. \\'. V. 
Murray. C. ])., M.l). 
Murray, (ieorj^e H. 
Murray. R. II. 
Xornian. R. 
Page. W . F. 
Paton, J. B. 
Roberl.>^on, W. G. 
Ross, Jas.. M.D. 
Ross, E. J. 
Rov. J. E. 

Stewart. .John.. .M.D. 
(Stephen, Alexander 
Stephen, F. L. 
Strachan. John 
Seott. Gordon 
Smith. E. F. 
Sinison, F. 
Schmidt, C.T. 
Taylor, Geo. H. 
Taylor, William 
Taylor, James 
Turnbull, J. A. 
Wood, Joseph 
Wood, Joseph, jr. 
Webster, J. .1. 

Wilson. S. G. 




3Jth Novembek, 190.3. 

Duke of Argjie, London. 

Adam C. Bell, New Glasgow. 

Lt.-Gen. Wilsone Black, London. 

Hugh J. Cameron, Pictou. 

iSamuel Crawford, Halifax. 

John Drillio, Maitland. 

Lt.-Gcn. Dundas, Edinburgh. 

W. J. Fraser, Dartmouth. 

.James B. Forgan, C^hicago. 

Col. Finlay. War Office, Lon- 

Major-Gen. Fordyce, Plymoutli. 

Lt.-Gen. Sir John Gordon, K.C. 
B., London. 

Rev. D. M. Gordon, Kingston. 

Admiral Jas. Hay, Aberdeen. 

Major-Gen. R. Murray. War 
Office. London. 

Thomas Fysche, ^Montreal. 

John :\L Smith 

Capt. W. Murray, R.N., Ports- 

J. D. ]\IacGregor. New Glas- 

D. A. MacCaskill, Montreal. 

Colin Macdonald, Boston. 

Col. .James Mitchell, Plymouth. 

Robert Miller, Hyde Park, I^on- 

Pipe-Major D. Manson, Mont- 

.John A. Macdonald, Montreal. 

Dr. W. H. ]\lacdonald, An- 

H. F. Macdonald, Antigonisli. 

Lt.-Gen. MacKenzie, Perth. 

D. Pottinger, ^loncton. 

A. Shearer, Chicago. 

W. Stevenson. New York. 

Members who having attained the age of 60 years, and 
having paid ordinary dues for 20 years, were by rule 
of the Society entitled to Honorary Membership 
and exempted from further payments : 

W illiani Grant 
Hon. Wm. Ross 
Archibald Miller 

Dimcan Grant 
Archibald Lockhar 
John Watson 




1st VEAR. 


Cash i\ the Box 

30lh No\cmber, 1768 — /,6 12 8 

Halifax Currency. 

oOtli VEAR. 

1 <S 1 8. 


30th November, 1818 — ;i650o o o 
Halifax Currcncv. 



Invkstkd Funds 
26ih March, 1868 — $6,649.93. 


125tl:i VEAR. 


Invested Fuxds, per Treasurer's Statement, 
5th November, 1893 — $21,741.65, 

135th YEAR. 

Stocks, Bonds and Cash, per Treasurer's Statement, 
30th November, 1903 — $24,756.15. 


An Act to Incorporate the North British Society, in 
HaHfax, Nova Scotia. 

(Passed the 21th day of March, 1856.) 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council, and Assem- 
l)ly, as follows : 

1. The following persons, that is to say: — Peter 
Ross, John Taylor, William Annand, William Murray, 
John \\'att, \\ illiam B. Smellie, and John B. Campbell, 
and all such other persons as now are or hereafter shall 
become members of the Society, shall be a body politic 
and corporate, by the name of " The North British 
SocTETV, in Halifax, Nova Scotia." 

2. The Rules of the Society, adopted on the seventh 
day of November, 1833. are hereby declared legal and 
binding, and the Corporation is empowered to collect all 
monies and arrears due thereunder. 

3. The personal property, debts and efifects now 
belonging to the Society, are vested in the Corporation, 
and the Corporation is empowered to invest its funds to 
such extent and in such way as it shall think fit. 





" That the sum of sixty dollars be appropriated 
annually from the funds of the North British Society 
for a Scholarship in connection with Dalhousie College, 
as a permanent commemoration of the Centenary of the 
Society, subject to the following conditions : 

" 1st. That the holder of it be a person eligible to be 
a member of the Society. 

" 2nd. That the Scholarship be held during the third 
and fourth years of his undergraduate course. 

" 3rd. That it be competed for at the end of his 
second year course, and that the first competition take 
place at the end of the present session, and that the 
examiner's be always appointed by the Senate. 

" 4th. The money to be paid on the certificate from 
the Principal of Dalhousie College. 

" 5th. Any year when no competitor has presented 
himself, the money for that year to remain in the hands 
of the Society, but the Scholarship to be again open for 
competition on the following year, subject to the fore- 
going resolutions." 





TO 30th NOVEMBER, 1908. 

John Taylor 
John Gillespie 
William Scott 
William :\IcLellan 
Thomas McLellau 
Robert Killo 
James Clark 
Walter Harkness 
John Geddes 
Daniel ^Morrison 
James Thomson 
John ^IcRae 
^^'i]liam Luke 
John Fraser 

Post Capt. Geo. Elliott. E.X. 

Peter :\IcXab 

John Patterson 

James Sutherland 

Robert Gillespie 

Major Andrew M'Donald. 

59th Regt. 
Alexander Thomson 
Robert Campbell 

William Allen 
Alexander Ross 
Robert McGowan 

James Dickson 
John Miller 
John Ratrie 
John ]\Iowatt 
Alex. Brymer 
James Black 
William Bowie 

Lieut. M. Hjnidman, R. X, 
Wm. Hogg 

Robert Xisbet 

Patrick M':\Iaster 
Andrew McGill 
Andrew Thomson 
Michael Wallace 
Charles Adams 

Alexander Green 
John Bremner 
George Grant 
Dr. John Halliburton 
George Smith 
William Shand 
William Cater 
James Veitch 
Richard Kidston 



James Declnnan 
Alexander Copelancl 
Robert Burns 
James Strachan 
William Hogg- 
Alexander Anderson 


William Gibbon 
James Hunter 
Robert Geddcs 
Charles Geddes 
William Lyon 
Kobert l^yon 
Peter Lfnnox 
-John Ritchie 
George ]\l'Crae 
William Davidson 
Thomas Manson 
George (iunn 


Anthony Stewart 
William Campbell 
Rev. Thos. Russell 
Daniel :\r.Alaster 
James Benvie 
Jas. (Gilchrist 
l)a\id Ferguson 
William Gordon 
James Wallace 
William Forsyth 
Peter Wemeys 
Dr. Duncan Clark 
Geoi'go Rodger s 
Alex'. McDonald 

John ( 'annel 
Donald ^MJ^ean 
Robert Buchanan 
•John Leckie 
Andrew Liddell 
Alexander IM'Donald 
John Patterson 
Peter Smith 
Thomas Gordon 
Thomas Robertson 
William Annand 

Willinm Duff us 
Andrew Gray 
John ]\l"Kie" 

John Anderson 
James Ewing 
.Fames Alexander 
Wm. Vietch 
George ^ITntosh 
Peter ]\luir 
Robert Killo 

Adam Fife 
Dunbar Sloan 
James Johnston 
Alexander Bremner 
Duncan Grant 
^^'iliam Ividston 
Rev. Dr. Andrew Brown 
AlfX. Chinas 

Alex. Biymer, Jr. 
-James Stewart 
Jam-'is Fraser 
Alex. Abercromby 
Roderick ^IcKay 
Alexander \^'ill:s 
Charles Handyside 
John li\in 

David Hall 
John Hail 
John (irant 
Jo!in }t['Kenzie 

William Smith 
James Forbes 
.lames Formal^ 
George Grassie 
.Tames Stewart (2) 
Andrew Ciunming 


Alexander Morrison 
.Tohn Hunter 
.rohn Ross 
Archibald Ferguson 
Wm. Thompson 
Colin Campbell 
■lohn ^Morton 

Alexander Izatt 
Archibald Vrilson 



Wiuckwortli Allan 1 

(ieor<i(» (ilciuiio 
A(hiiii;il IMuriay 


•John Stewart 

James Gedcles 

Will. Forsyth (2) 

Win. Origor 

Thomas McKenzie 

John Stuart 

David Brown ■ 

Lieut. John Fraser 

Lieut. Alexander Sutheidand 

t'apt. K<n. -M'Douald 

Lieut. Donald Campbell, 

John Black 

James Thoin 

John Thompson 

John Taylor 

Duncan Brown 


Alexander Patillo 
James Donaldson 
Thomas Donaldson 
Robert ^Milne 
James Kidston 
William Findley 
Robert Ferguson 


William Eddy 
Thomas Russell 
Peter Robb 
Kenneth ^M'Kenzie 
John Lenox 
William Bremner 
James Mills 
William (Jauld 
William Paterson 
Alexand' r ^FLean 


James Wiseman 
John Walker 
Alexander Fraser 
James Sharp 
Alexander Barnett 
Alexaniler Halkett 
Jaints Munn 
Rev. Dr. Arch. Gray 
^Matthew Richardson 
James Smith 

James Koinans 
James I'iiiiie 


Robert Xieoll 
James Fiaine 
John tiaukl 
James Barron 
John M'Alpine 
Duncan ]\FOueen 
Peter :\FX-b 
John :\I'Xab 

Donald Munro 
Alexandei- Philips 
Aitxander ^lelvin 
Thomas Xeilson 
Thomas Richardson 
Alex. :\l'DouoaJl 
Alexander Fraesr 

John Hay 
Hugh :\l'Donald 
Donald Fraser 
William Robertson 
John Wilson 
Thomas Buchanan 
Duncan ]\rPherson 
John Livingston 
Alex. Mitchell 
(ireorge Donaldson 
Hon. James Grant 
Hugh Ritchie 

\\'illiam Strachan 
John M'X'aughton 

Jame.s Fergus 
Alexander Brown 
David Shenherd 
Thomas ^loir 


John Liddell 
James Grant 

\\illiam Bowie 

Archibald M'Coll 



Da\-id Fenie 
Win. a. Forsyth 
John Livingstone 

Jame.s Donaldson (2) 
Alexam'er Smith 
Jolin Ritcliie 
Jolin Simpson 
John Black. Jr. 
John Tfdford 

Alexander Fiddes 
Thomas ^ludie 
John Henry 
Daniel Sutherland 
William Bremner 

John Barron 
John Buelian 
(reorge ^Mitchell 
William Strachan. Jr. 

Rieliartl Kii'ston, Jr. 
William Kidston, Jr. 
John Clark 
Michael M'Xaughton 
James Bain 
David Mnirhead 
Samuel Thompson 
John Hender.son 
Richard Scott 
James Scott 
John Tulles 

James Russell 
(leorge X. Russell 
John Farquharson 
James Gordon 

William ^Nlurra}- 
Henrv Ford 
Archibald M'Donald 
Patrick Ross 
William Daling 
David Dundas 
James Hogg 
Alexander Grant 
Daniel Grant 
James Grant 


Duncan ^I'Coll 
James Leishman 
John M'Pherson 
Thomas Gentles 
James McX'ab 
John Scobie 
Stewart \\'allaee 
John Roy 
Adam Ross 
John IMunro 
Duncan ^i'Farlane 
John Fraser 
Andrew Mills 
Alexander ]May 


George jNIuirnead 
Charles Dunbrack 

Robert Field 
James Donaldson (3) 
Andrew Xisbit 
(xeorge Innis 
Pet€r M'Xab 
William Scott 
David Walker 
James M'C'ormack 
Dunbar D. Stewart 
Robert Bremner 
James Dechman (2) 
Alexander [Murdoch 


Dr. William Petrie 
Duncan ;M'(,)ueen 
John Young- 
Archibald Sinclair 
Alexander Primrose 
^latthew Forrester 
Alexander Stewart 


Robert il. Bro^\■n 
Peter Donaldson 
Alex. ^lalcom 
Thomas ^Muirhead 
Alexander Sim 
G«orge Hamilton 
Hector M'Donald (1) 
Hector :\rDonald (2) 
James Johnston 
Colin Wilson 
George Craigen 
Alexander Boyd 



Hon. B. Halliburton 
S. (J. W. Arcliibaki, Esq. 
Robert F. Wv^hy 
Joseph Minulell 

Charles Gray 
John Boyd 
James Forman, Jr. 
Robert, uuncan 
Adam Esson 
Donald INI'Lennani 
James Ross 
James Fraser, Jr. 
James Forrester 

John IM'Kenzie 
John M'Lean 
Duncan Black 
William Wallace 
Allan il'Donald 
Thomas Laidlaw 
Thomas C. Allan 
David Johnston 
David Henderson 
Alex. A. Ferguson 
Samuel Mitcaell 

John Forman 
John Fraser 
Hunter bt. Andrews 
James Cruikshanks 
Wm. B. Robertson 

Andrew D. Russell 
Robert Xoble 
Alexander Keith 
Edward Wallace 
Hector IM'Lennan 
Andrew JNIitchell 

William Sutherland 
Alexander INl'Leod 
.John St ra eh an 
.Tames Dechman (3) 
John Lyle 
Rev. .John Martin 

.John jNI'Kenzie, (2) 
Charles Coventree 

John Fraser, (2) 
Andrew Crawford 
George Little 
James Pettigrew 
John M'Neil 
Charles Alexajider 
Robert Robertson 
Alex. Ross 
Dr. .John Stirling 

C. H. Fife 
John Robb 
James Thomson 
James F. Gray 
Wm. Kandick 
David S. Spence 

.Tames Purvis 
W"m. Young 
Thomas Forman 
Charles D. Archibald 
George R. Young 
James D. Fraser 
Robert Romans 
Wm. Gossiip 
C. Brodie 

Thomas Williamson 
John W^ C. Brown 

John Richardson 
William Crawford 
Peter Manson 
William Mills 
James Lessel 
.Tam&s Findley 
John Farquhar 
Alexander Barry 


Peter Grant 
Adam Reid 
William Grant 
William Murdoch 
George Thompson 
Daniel M'Kay 
Rev. John Scott 
Walter Robb 

Andrew M'Kinlay 
James Thomson, (2) 
John Watt 



John Fraser, (3) 
James Xichol 


Wm. :\niis 

Rev. Tlios. Aitken 
Aligns Fraser 
James ]\Ialcom 
Robert Dowtis 
Wm. (t. Anderson 

Alex. Paul- 
Alex. Ross, (2) 
Robert Bigby 
Jolin Forrest 
Robert D. Clarke 
Rev. James ^lorrison 
Alex. Smith, (2) 
^^"m. ^Murray 

Thomas Ciimmings 
James Anderson 
David S. Sutherland 
JanitAS Reiid 
George Barton 
Hugh Andeison 
John A. Mann 
John ^lackintosh 
Alex. Duff 
James ^Murdoch 
Hugh Campbell! 
Alex. Davidson 
Charles W. Wallace 
Wm. F. Black 
John Usson 
Wm. ^FKay 
Alexander Henry 
Robert ^^■ilson 
John Gibson 
Alex. :\rXab 

John :\rxib 

Xeil M'Vicar 
Joseph Robinson 

Winnie .lohnston 
James M'Donald 
James Grant 
John Brander 
John ^Nl'Kay 
John M'Intosh 
Hon. Alexander Stewart 
Alexander ]M'Kenzie 

Wm. A. :J'Agy 
James Lockerby 
Alexander Troup 
Daniel M'Lean 
David Stevens 
Alexander Hendry 
\\'illiam Gerrad 
William Grieve 
^^'illiam Robertson 
John G. INlTvenzie 
Wm. Scott 
David Calder 


John Leitch 
Janus Flockhart, Jr. 
Rev. Alex. Romans 
Andrew Oswald 
George Esson 
James Humphrey 
James Irons 
Daniel M'lvor 
Gilbert Elliott 
George Xicoll 
John iI'Leod 
Alex. Carson 
John Rhind 
James Crawford 


James Fraser 
Thomas Elliott 
Robert M'Hannay 
Alex. Stewart 
James Irons. .Jr. 
Wm. Bauld 
John Ual 
John I'orbes 

John ]\l'Pherson 
AJiex. G. Fraser 
Adam Black 
George Henderson 
Robert Mitchell 
Lawrence ^I'Lcan 
X>il M'Cuarrie 
William M'Kinlay 
Wm. B. Stei)henson 
Winkworth Allan 
Allan Campbell 
Donald M'Kav 
John Gordon 

yoirrii British society 

68 1 


William DoMaiii 
David Walker 
Willi;iiii Domldson 
Jacob Clinic 
Alex. Fiaspr 
Rev. Janif.s ^M'iiitosli 
Edward C'raijjen 
Thoiiia.s Hiim])hrey 
John jM'(4regor 
Josepli (I. Ross 
Jolm r. Ross 

.Taiufs McKonzio 
Alexander ]?ain 
Donald Murray 
John Urant 
Robert ^MacDonald 
Andrew Richardson 
8anuiel Gray 
William Camjibelll 
Anthony Inglis 
Alex. Rhind 
George ^M'Kenzie 
Dr. A. Sawers 
John Watson 
John C*. Halibuvton 

183!), . 
dohn ^iiinio (i:) 
George P. Mitchell 
John :\I'Leod 
Hugh Munro 
Thomas P.hind 

Willi-ini Fr-Aser 
Donald ]\rKenzi« 
George G. (iray 
Donald Sutherland 
Thomas Hutchison 
John M'Doug;ill 
James Swaii 
Duncan Patterson 
David Ruog 
Wm. F. Reid 
David ]SI'Ainsh 
Jcseph A. Sievewright 
Alex. Strachan 
John MTlreith 
Alex. Stephen 
Peter Imlav 
John Jamieson 
Samuel B. Smith 

IVIaurices iNl'Ilrcith 
Francis Do\vns 
Alex. S. Reid 
Wm. Forrest 
James Gameron 
James Cameron, Jr. 
Robert Kerr 
James C. Hume, M.D. 
W'\\\. Craig 
Jolni M'Donald 
Andrew \Mlson 
James Barron 
John Wilson 
Henry Gibson 

Win. Hutcheson 
Hugh Morton 
Nicholas v ass 
Wm. Grant. Jr. 
Wm. Finlav 
Rev. Wm. Duff 
Archibald Parks 

Henry W^atson 
Adam Hunter 
Wm. .Al'Kay. (2) 
George Wilson 
Wm. Clarke 
Alex. M'Donald 
John Cormack 
Robert D. Clarke 
Robert Lindsay 
Robei't Forrest 
Robert G. Noble 
Robert Balfour 
Henry Taylor 
Daniel Thompson 

V^'m. Stevens 
Charles Hamilton 
Wm. Robb 
James Williamson 
Neil Rankin 
Alex. M'Lean 
Wm. Kandick 

Robert Boak 
Wm. Boak 
John Lithgow 
James j\l'Kie 



James Price 
Angus M'Lean 
Wni. Thompson 
Wni. Campbell 
Henry B. Reid 
James Grieve 
James GkJrdon 
John A. Sinclair 
Wm. Crawford, Jr. 
Robert G. Fraser 
\Ym. Jamieson 
Alex. M'Kay 
Alex. Taylor 
Alex. M'Pherson 
Donald Sutherland 
James Mitchell 
Errol Boyd 
James Rliind 
James Reeves 
George Barron 
Jos. Robertson 
John ^lackintosh 

John Wilson 
\Vm. La id law 
Win. Wooids 
David Smith 
Wm. Wilson 
Wm. Kerr 
Philip Pciebles 
Ale.x. Ogsten 
Thomas Bayne 
Daniel M'Flierson 
Thomas Cummings 
Peter Ross 
, James Hutton 
John A. INIoir 
Arthiir M'Leod 
Wm. ^I'Lean 
Wm. A. Hesson 
Stuart ^lacdonald 
Diuican Grant 
Alex. Taylor 
Wm. Hutcheson. Jr. 
•Tames Scott 
Wm. Grant, (3) 

James Kennedy 
(korge Webster 
John M'Pherson 
Samuel Xoble 
James Fraser 
Charles W. Dickson 
James Wilkie 

David Ross 
George Anderson 
John lounuie 
Archibald Sinclair, Jr 
John Taylor 
Daniel Tnom 
James Knight 
.John Ivlurdocli 
John Doull 
Alex. Dow 


John V V atson 
Wm. Stewart 
Wm. FincUay 
Andrew M'Nab 
Thomas M'Kie 
James Walters 
David C. Xoble 
Wm. M. Campbell 
Charles ^I'Queen 
Robert W. Fraser 
George A. Flowers 
George Buist 
John Costky ■ 
John Weir 
.James Romans 

John I^andick 
Wm. Fraser 
John M'J^od 
James Rhind. Jr. 
Andrew Barton 
Brvce Grav 
Robert J. Mills 
Rev. Alexander Forrester 
Tri-stram Halliday 
Robert !Munro 
Wm. Penny 
George Ross 
Wm. Smith 

Hugh Fraser 
William Finlav 
William Blytlie 
Duncan M'Millan 

David Stirling 
James Watt 
Alexander J. Nairn 
George Gordon 
-James Riddell 
James W. Shirras 
Alexander Fraser 



Patrick (J ran am 
William Kliiiid 
James Hunter 
Jame-s Tliompson, (4) 
John ]\Ie(_'nlloch 


Williiiiii MMler 
Aiexanc!/( r Henderson 
John ]>aidla\v 
William Murray 
John Sinclair 
James Find lay 
William Farquharson 
Alexander Fraser 
Rev. G. W. Sprott 
Alexander ^McKay 
William Wilson 
James Irons 
George Inness 
Dimcan ^IcQueen 
John C. Drummond 
Alexander ^McDonald 

James J. Bremner 
James Wilson, Jr. 
Wm. f^'ntherland 
Charles Lyle 
Robert Spiers 
W. S. Forman 
James I'a iker 
Donald Fraser 
Charles H. Sinclair 
John A. Johnston 
Wm. A. Grant 
Wm. Currie 
Peter Jack 
James Wallace 

DaAid Ross 
R. J. Romans 
Thomas Hume 
James Blair 
John S. Maclean 
George McKie 
James Monteith 

John P. Muir 
George Maclean 
Hugh Campbell 

Andrew K. Mackinlay 
• loliii Mackenzie 
John Fraser 
Robert Fraser 
John B. Cunpbe.lil 
William F. Grant 
John Watson 
.Tohn C. Mackenzie 
William B. Smellie 
John B. ^lacdonald 
Goorg*' Alexander 
Thomas Annand 
R. G. Haliourton 


John Muir 
James Kerr 
James Hunter 
George Fra-ser 
Robert Bauld 
Adam Burns 
James Fraser 
Peter Scott 

Robert Penton 

John Campbell 
J. Scott Hutton 

Wm. Fraser 

Jas. C. ]Mackintosh 
George R. Anderson 
Robert Urquliart 
Da^id Cra\\ford 
Robert Gray 
William Henry 
Andrew Walhice 
Robert Muirhcad 

Heni-y W. Fish 
John Drillio 
Wm. Mason 
Donald Ross 
.John Davidson 
Alex. McLeod. (2nxl) 
Dr. W. H. Davies 
Dr. Cowie 
John W. Fraser 
James Malcom 
James Romans 

James S. Macdonald 
James ^Mackintosh 




E. :M. :\Iacdonald 
John ilacdonald 
John H. Jolinston 
John ^IcKay 
Alexander McKenzie 
William Murray, (2) 


Robert Brechin 
Creorge Porter 
Xeil Wier 
Henry Inglis 
Donald Fraser 
James Frn.ser 


Charles Graham 

James Steinson 

Adam ilcKay 

Hon. James ' :\IcDonakl 

Hugh ilurray 

Rev. George il. Grant 

riohn ^IcDonald 


Robert T. :Muir 

Thomas S. Reid 

John Crook 

James Maccoush 

Benjamin A. Taylor 

George ^IcGregor 

Rev. Charles ^McDonald 


\A"illiam A. McLeod 
Animus ]\lcLeod 
Alexander ^McDonald 
Simon D. INlacdonald 
Hugh ^Innro 
John ^IcXeil 
James \\']iite 
John Sutlierland 
William Johnson 
Robert iloyce 
Duncan CampbeJil 
John X. Grant 
Dr. Sutherland 
Rev. Charles M. Grant 
Douglas [Macleod 

Donald G. Keith 
Hon. Robt. Robertson 
Charles H. Sinclair 
W. O. Adams 
Alexander Sutherland 
William ^IcKerron 
William Montgomery 
Donald Keith 
James ^IcEwan 
W. H. Bauld 
Alexander ]Moir 
Professor Lawscm 
George Taylor 
Cliarles Tavlor 
John B. Younii- 
John McKenzie 
Jo.seph D. McXab 
David King 
John IMcXab 
Sandford Fleming 
Alexander W. ^NlcLfod 
Peter Grant 
Alex. Finnic 
William Hedley 
John T. IMcAlpine 
James Goldie 
Edward ^Morrison 
William Xisbet 
William Bauld 
Geo. ^litchel! 
Robt. Taylor 
Georgo Thomson 
John B. (xrav 
James C. Robertson 
Joseph Outram. Sr. 
Joseph Outram, Jr. 
Dr. T. R. Eraser 
Robert ^lalcom. Jr. 

Jas. A_. Grant 
E. H. Reeves 
Donald Scott 
Andrew Leitch 
A. B. Aylmour 
R«v. John Campbell 
Walter IMcFarlane 
Hon. William Garvie 
Jas. Godfrey Smith 


Robert Baxter 
Jas. Reeves. Jr. 



John ^McCHilloch 
Charles W. Anderson 
Wilby. C. Anderson 
Robert Brunton 
Rev. J. Fraser C'auipbell 

W. Myers Gray 
W. C. Menzies 
John Smith 
J. lirenton Gordon 
Donald Reid 
('has. Sutherland 
Robt. Scott 
W illiani Hood 
Howard ^IcLean 
Robt. W. :Macdonald 
John Donald 
Dr. A. P. Reid 
Saml. Crawford 
G. H. -\Iicdleton 
George H. Taylor 
Thos. H. .Mitchell 
• lolin Ewing 
U'. Bishop 
(ieo. W. J. Clarke 
A. W. McXab 
John Muir 
\Mlliani Taylor 
A. F. Muir " 
John Cormack 
John D. ^Mackintosh 
Angus G. McDonald 
Andrew Dewar 
H. Porteous 
Dr. Gordon 
Archd. Miller 
W . A. Hendry 
John Campbell 
John !Mclnnes 
James Harold 
John Hunter 
Jas. Hutton. Jr. 
Robert Cunningham 
John Cairns 
\Vm. Johnstone 


Angus Ross 
•Robert \Yilkie 
W. Henderson 
William Ellis 
James Cormack 
•James Anderson 

William Reid 
Thomas Canuron 


• lames Farcpihar 
(iibson Anderson 
John Hutton 
Alex. Forrest 
-MacCallum Grant 
( ieorge Ross 
Gilbert Munro 
Alex. Stetjihen. Jr. 
.Murdoch .M. Lindsay 
•T. S. MacKav 
Robt. Mackintosh 
('has. .J. ^Macdonald 
E. C . Davies 
Sherb. Waddell 
J. J. Ste\\art 
•Ja.s. M. McKay 
John •Johnson 
Alex. Fleming 
Alex. McDougall 
Robt. Sedgcwick 
Robt. Robinson 
David Pottinger 
•J. Patterson 
Lydiard ^MackintoJi 
•James McCiregor 
Donald Scott 
W'm. B. Fav 
J. Scott ^iitchell 
Wm. M. Allen 
J..uke Hamilton 
•John ^McCrow 
Donald Robb 
Duncan McDougall 
\Vm. More 
•John C. Fraser 
Kenneth Matheson 
•rohn Forbes 
•James Fraser 
Alexander Sherar 
l^achlan ^McDonald 
Thomas Wasson 
Archibald Muchell 
Alex. Taylor 
Wallace E. Harrington 
D. K. Lowden 
Salter Xoble 
•John Grant, •Jr. 
Frederick Mitchell 
David Black 
(ieorge Stenhouse 
Chas. F. Reynolds 




Walter Fairbairn ^ 

William Cunningham 

D. H. Duncan 

Frank ^Morrison 

\\m. McDonald 

R. T. Braine 

J. H. McDaniel 

Evan ilorrison 

Gforge Morrison 

John \^'ilson 

Alex. Bremner 

J. ^IcLennan 

A. C. Mitchell 

Charles Grant 

Frank Graham 

.John ^IcKenzie 

Wm. Thompson 

Isaac ^Murray 

James B. Forgan 

Andrew ilcDonald 

■John Cameron 

•Tames Fsson 

(4eorge S. C;ini]il)cll 

John Taylor 

D. L. Stewart 

Robt. Esson 

James S. Scott 

James G. Eraser 

Howard C. Evans 

Alex. Grant 

.John ^^'ilson 

Dr. Wm. 'SI. Cameron 

J. R. Gordon 

•Tohn H. Anderson 


Alex. M. Scott 
John Sutherland 
John R. Murray 
Henry McKenzie 
Xorman Sinclair 
Robert A. Brims 
•Tohn Cfimpbell 
Hon. Wm. Ross 
Andrew Grant 
Alex. A. T urnbull 
•Tames Halliday 
•John -Jack 
George Taylor 
James Eraser 
Rfv. Allan Pollok. D.D. 
Xeil C. Duff 
Henry Kennedy 
George Grant 
J. R. :McDonald 

John McLeod 

Robert Fairgrieve 


J. M. Robinson 

Thos. Fyshe 


Honry J. Esson 


C. Fred Eraser 

"S . 

Alex. W. McDonald 

^- = 00 

A. McKay 






Jolm Lyle 


J. McG. Stewart 


\\n\. Knight 


Charles Ross 

Jolm Cameron 

John ^IcLachlin 

Robt. B. Baxter 
J. :\1. Patterson 
Wm. McDonald 
James R. Eraser 
Lieut. Xorman H. Leckie. n7th 

Roderick McDonald. I.C.R. 
Alex. Walker 
James Eraser 
Rev. Thos. Duncan 
Thos. Grant 
•Jas. Yeoman 

•Tohn Murray 
Geo. Cunningham 
Donald iNlunro 
•Ja.s. Jack 
•John Brunton 
John Dewar 
Thos. Wilson 

Gen. Sir Patrick L. iMacdoiigall 
Col. A. S. Cameron. V.C.. 2(ith 

Rev. Robt. Laing 


John S. DoM 
Israel M. Ross 
•J. M. Chisholm 
Alex. Ramsay 
Jas. ]\Iorrisor> 

•John iMcKay 
•Joseph Seeton 
Xeil iMatheson 
David Mitchell 



Albert E. ThonLsoii 
Daniel McUoimld 
A. D. McLennan 
Jas. .Miller 
Joliii Straehan 
Kev. A. Simpson 

J'rot. .]. U. MeCiregor 
.T. S. Potter 
Archibald Lockhart 
D. Chisholm 
John A. Mathoson 
Jas. H . McDonald 
Alex. Gunn 
Hugh ]\Iclvenzie 
D. AlcDonakl 
Jas. Robertson 
Alex. Macilonald 

Jolm ^IcLean 
.las. ^Iclntosh 
Col. ^^■ilsone Black. StalT 
J. A. Turnbnll 
Alex. Grant 
Dr. George M. C'am])bell 
Adam Stephens 
Thos. McDonald 
Jas. Hendry 
Ja.s. Prentice 
W. L. Pitcaithly 

John Taylor 
1 has. Duncanson 
A. :\I. Eraser 
J. B. Paton 
\V. H. C!amcron 
Geo. Fraser 

Rev. John Forrest, D.D. 
Alex. Robertson 
Mnrdoch ]\IcRae 
D. Forgan 
John Ferguson 
W'm. Ste\enson 
Thos. Murray 

H. H. Grant 
Jas. ]\racgregor 
Jas. Allardice 


Arthur B. Mitchell 
F. G. Forbes 

John B. AIcLean 

'I'lios. .Service 

J. 15. Todd 

Jas. (J rant 

Duncan Grant 

H. !). McKen/.ie 

Jas. A. Gass 

N. F. McKay, M.D. 

Donald Archibald 

J. A. Sedgewick 
David McDonald 
John Bremner 
John H. MacKay 
Henry Pope MacDonald 
Jas. Anderson 
H. B. Out ram 
Hugh Montgomerie 

W . J. Xisbet 

D. G. (Jillis 
John Baird 
Arthur Drvsdale 
Prof. Jas. 'Sctli 
J. S. Chisholm 
^^■. Mason 

F. :McLeod 
Angus ,S. Muri'ay 
I'rof. Howard INlurray 
Geo. McLeod 
I). C. Eraser 

Kev. D. M. Gordon, DM. 
\\ ni. Taylor 
Hector Mclnnes 
Adams A. MacKay 


Robt. ]\Iaclntyre 
Jas. Fraser 
Alfred Costley 
\^'allace McDianald 
Edward E. Smith 
Alex. Keith 
A. H. MacKay 
J. A. Chisholm 

E. ]\1. \\'alkcr 

W. D. Cameron 
Chas. D. Macdonald 



Rod. McCoU 
Rev. Thos. Fowler 

Daniel Budge 
J. ]Mc'Kinnon 

^^"altel■ C. Murray 

A. D. Hewat 

Geo. E. Boak 

C. D. Murray. M.D. 
:Murdoch Chisholm, .M.D. 
Jacob Johnson 

J as. Ross, M.D. 

Aiulrew B. Boak 
Dr. W. ^1. Cameron 

B. D. Bruce 

John Mackintosh (2) 
A. And. Bayne 

D. H. Campbell 

H. \\ . :MacKintosh 
Robt. Brims 
Cha-s. D. Fraser 
Wni. Parker 
D. Mcl^llan 
Chas. H. Bayne 

C. J. McKie 
James E. Roa' 
James Ireland 
Ja.s. K. Ga.s.s 

D. A. King 
Jas. Imrie 

W. G. Cattanach 

E. J. Macdonald 
Hon. Dan. McXei! 
J. S. \\eb.ster 

J. \V. H. Cameron 
Jas. Grant 
Duncan J. Grant 
C. B. Burns 
Ja,s. Fearon 
W. L. Bishoip 
Dr. W. F. Smith 
W. H. Huggins 
Ja.s. Cann3i>ell 
Dayid .Johnston 
Arch. T. Miller 
Rey. J. S. Black, D.D. 

^lajov Clarke 
Joseph Wood, 8r. 

Joseph Wood. Jr. 
H. C. McCalhun 
Col. J. D. Irying 
Dr. F. Gow 
F. \\. Page 
Colin ^lacnab 
John A. [Macdonald 
Stephen Mitchell 
Hon. G. H. Murray 
Jas. D. Ritchie 
Alex. McKenzie 
Geo. Frank Macdonald 
Donald Sutherland 
Dougal McLachlan 


H. B. Clarke 
X. F. Cunningham 
D. :McPherson Grant 
Ebenezer ^Iclvay 


J. H. Hughill 
W . H. Bauld 
Capt. S. R. Hill 
Jas. iaylor 
Capt. J." M. Allen 
Ja-s. Hall 
Wm. Frasf r 


F. Webster 
Thos. Mitchell 
S. W. :^labo^v 

F. Snnson 

G. H. ^IcKenzie 
J. D. Macdonald 


W. G. Robertson 
Thos. Payne 
R. Xorman 
^^'. R. Mclnncss 
W. Chisholm 
W. F. McPhie 


A. D. McRae 
J. Adams 
E. Coffin 
R. R. :\Iurray 




W. L. Kane 
V. J). .\UAlpine 
E. .1. Koss 
John Bruntou 
Jolm V. Caklor 
,Ias. Farquliav 
(Joidou Scott 
W. 11. Shute 
C'has. E. MacLaggan 
Jolin W. ^IcKenzie 

-M. Mc-Hall 
Honrv A. Macdonald 
J). F.' .MatliPson 

E. S Blackie 
\V. S. (irav 
S. G. Wilsmi 
Stanley .Miller 
(leo. Anderson 

F. ]\I. Andeison 
John 1. Webster 
Frank L. Stephen 
David C'olquhon 
•lohn Stewart. M.D. 


Col. Thomas Dundas 
Major Hugh M. (4or(h^n 
Peter Hunter, Esq 
Hon. Henry Dnnean 

(ieneral .fames Ogilvie 
Major Scott, R. A. 
Major Thompson, 57th Regt. 
Sir Thos. Andrew Strange 
Dr. Snipe. H.:\I.S. Haltler 

Francis Hunter 

Capt. Duncan Campbell, R.X. 
Admiral Murray 
Titus Levi. Escj. 

Capt. H. Mowatt, R.X. 
Ca;pt. Wm. Taylor 
Lieut. John Scott, R.X. 
Wm. Chalmer.s 
Dr. Jamieson 

Capt. Skeine 


Admiral Sir A. Mitchell, 
Capt. Oughton. R.X. 
Alex. Creen. Es(|. 
Admiral Douglas 
Sir Robsrt Laurie 

Robt. Ferguson 
Edward Mortimer 
W illi-.xm Bannerinaii 

Geo. Robertson 



Lt. James Duffus, R.X. 
Andrew Moffat (Antigua) 
\\":lliam Leslie ( Xew York) 

Simon Eraser. Elsq. 



Donald A. Fra.ser 


1S20. I^^^IJ- 

Mr. Archibald ^SlcXiven Matt. :McKennu. ^[ast. Mariner 

Rev. Colin P. (irant Alexander Dutt'. 

Walter Kobb 

1824. 1^1-. McDonald. R. A. 

John '^'•Pt. Pringle, R. A. 



J.t.-Col. Hon. H. Dnnda-; 

Capt. Houston Stewart, H. :\r. ^.^^^^.^ Mcintosh 

S. Menm yAhx. Birchen. :\laster INIariner 
Capt. C. Fitzroy M Lean. 81st 

Kegt. ,, 1838. 

Duncan ^iLoll t. ,, , ^r r^ 

Capt. Archibald Stewart, Rifle Lt.-Col. McGregor \ • 

Brioade ^^^''^jo^' -^I'tl""- Z 

'^ Lieut. Neilson I x 

looi' " Dundas f s 

. . . , , Buchanan - —, 

Hu.iih .McDonald .. \ono\v / 'i: 

Duncan Hhu-k .. Gordon I ~ 

Doctor ('anij)bell 
Dr. lJol)crtson. StalV 

Francis Atliol. Master Mariner 

1820. lluuh l.yle. jr.. ^Mast. :\Iariner 

Lt.-Col. 1). McDonuall. T. F.(~>. -lames. Fonnan. jr. 

of Militia 


1830. Duncan McFarlane 

Charhs Brodie Wni. Annand 

C. D. Archibald Hugh H. Ross 
Chas. Coventiee. .Master Mar- 
iner 1841. 

James Berwick, blaster ^lar- 
is;il. Iner 

J.t.-Col. .Marsliall. I.F.O. of J. Fraser. (Cape Breton) 

ililitia Ah'xander Fiddes 
Hugh Lvle. blaster .Mariner 
Alex. .M'ciill 1842. 

\'. Admiral Sir C. Adam 

.ra.s«. :McDonald. Master Mar- 1844. 

iiifi' Cai)t. John Tavlor 
Lt. Edward. Stewart. R.X. 

Lt. James Stewart. 74th Regt. 184tj. 

Dr. Colin Allan. Medical Stall' aIix. Barion. Master :\Iariner 

Jas. Flockliart. Pilaster Mar- Foibes Bhick (Margaret's 

iner B^y) 

Win. Stevenson, do. ]),-. McDonald (Dartmouth) 

Alex. Henderson, do. Doctor H. IMcDonald ( Mait- 


1833. 1847. 

Hugii McDonald ( Antigonisli ) Francis INIunro (Margaret's 

Alex. Farquhirson (Dartm'tli) Bay) 



Xcil Kankine 

({eorgc. McKenzie (Master 

1). (irant ( Antigoiiish ) 
('has. Anderson ( Miisquoilo- 

boit ) 
Robert (irant (Margaret's 

.lohn. Fraser. Master Mariner 
David Falconer (Dartmouth) 

Maj. Robertson. 82nd Regt. 
H. Cameron ( Pietou ) 

Murdoch Smith (Cape Breton) 
(ieorge A. Currie (Margaret's 

Ronald Currie CNlargaret's 

Alex. Cameron 
Robt. Innes 
Robt. Waddell 


Diuican Waddell 

David Rugg 

Wm. Beverley 

Dr. W. Reid, H.:\I.S. Cumber- 

(Quarter-Master McPherson 

Roderick H. Fraser (Dart- 
mouth ) 

l)a\id Patterson 

John Cameron (Antigonish) 
Alex. Scott ((xlasgow) 
Rt. Hon. Earl Ellesmere 
(Japt. J. A. Gore, Tlst Regt. 

John Christie (Cape Breton) 
Capt. James Grilfin 

Wex. Stephen 
T. Simpson (England) 

Sergt.-Maj. Jno. Camjibell 
Alexander Phraser 
Alexander McPhec, 
(Japt. Johnson 
Duncan McDonald 
Donald H. Green 

David Johnson 
John Blackic 
Spraicer Sutherland 
Capt. J. C. Dalrymjiie Hav, 
H. M. S. Indus 

C!eo. Laing 
David Hunter 
J. N. Ross 

William Murray. Sen. ( Sydn<'y 

William JNliller, London 
])r. David Petrie 
John Macdtregor (Little Bras 

J as. Matheson (Sytlney) 

1 8(iO. 
Malcom McDougall (Christ- 
mas Island. Cape Breton) 


Alex. Macdonald 
James Davj' 

W. S. More, North-\\'est Arm 

Vice-Admiral Sir Jas. Hope. 

John Drillio, Maitland 

John (.'rerar ( I'ictou ) 

Robert Formaji 
D. Kennedy, Vocalist 
Dr. Robert Collins, Staff 
W. J. Fraser 




Lt.-Col. McKenzie, TStli High- 

Capt Coll (iraham 
C'apt. C ]\lcKenzie 
Lt. E. G. Callander 
Capt. Murray 
Capt. Finlay 
Capt. .Stewart 
Lt. Fordyce 
Mr. ^McElheney 

Band Master 

78th Highlanders 
Capt. Janiieson 
John Crook 
Sir Hugh Allan 
Hon. Charles J. Cam 

Prof. Lawson 
John Herdman 

Robert Robertson 
Lt.-Col. C. Gordon 
Alaj. D. Farquharson 
Major F. D. Dundas 
Lieut. E. L. Eraser I ^ 
Lt. A. Mitchell Innes ; § 

Alex. McKay, m.p.p.. \^■. River, 

Hugh J. Cameron, m.p.p.. New 


Rev. .John Campbell (Edin- 
burgh ) 

Rev. G. M. Grant (Kingston) 
Alex. Shearer (Annapolis) 

Frank Morrison 
Geo. Hogg (Galashiels) 
J. Scott Hutton (Belfast) 

H. F. :McDougall 
^larquis of Lome, K. T. 

Jas. B. Forgan (Chicago) 
Rev. U. McLeod (Springhill) 
Adam Carr Bell, m.p.p. (New 

Glasgow ) 
Duncan Waddell (Dartmouth) 

Neil F. McKay (Pictou) 

Col. \\ilsone Black, Staff 

Wm. Stevenson (New Bruns- 
J. Scott Mitchell (Halifax) 
\^■. F. Knight (Halifax) 
H. M. MacKay (Perth) 

Lt. Dundas, R.N. 
Lt. .Alurrav. R.N. 

H. :\1.' S. Brllerophon 

W ni. Ivhind 
F. J. McLeod 

Jas. Scott (Halifax) 
D. Pottinger ( Aloncton ) 

Colin Macilonald (Boston) 

David H. Duncan (Halifax) 
John M. Smith 
William Grant (the Father of 

thfl Society (Halifax) 
John Taylor " 

Hon. Wm. Ross " 

Pfij>e-Major ^lanson 

J. D. McGregor (New Glas- 

D. A. McCa-skill (Montreal) 
John Watson (Halifax) 
Archd. Lockhart 
Archd. Miller 





Hon. Alex. BryiiuT 

Ali'X. 'Tliom.son 

Jolni Bremner 
Richard Kidston 

lion. Win. Forsyth 

Rt. Hon. Earl of Selkirk 

Hon. (ieo. Grant 

fSanuifl Muirhead 

Richard Kiuston, Jr. 
James Ewing, Jr. 
R. Kidston (Glasgow) 
Wni. Kidston 

Lt.-(ien. the Right Hon. Earl of 

Matt. Richardson 
John Demp.ster 
Robert J^yons 

John W'alliamson 
Alexander Frasei' (^liramichi) 
John Brown 

Hon. .Tolin Black 

Wink worth Allan (London) 

Lt.-Gen. Sir Colin Campbell 


Hugh Lyie 
Thos. ^^illiamson 

Robert M. Brown 

Alex. Primrose 

VVm. Murdoch 
Charles Murdoch 

John Esson 

Geo. P. Mitchell 

John iMcKay 
John Watt 


George Esson 

Hon. Stanley Brown 


Peter Ross 

James Forman 


John B. Campbell 

Thos. BajTie 

Robt. W. Fraser 

John C. Halliburton 

Alexander McLeod 

James Thompson, Barrister 



\\'iii. Esson 
Alexander Anderson 
John A. Sinclair 

Adam Jkirn.s 
A. K. Doull 

John Gibson 

Robert Xoble 
Sandford Fleming 

Capt. John Taylor 
John Doull 

John S. ^lacLean 

Peter Grant 

Hon. W. Annand 

Donald ^Murray 

Wm. Bauld 
James Thomson 

Alex. Stephen 
Jas. S. ^Nlacdonald 

John ;McXab 


Rev. Allan Pollok. D.U. 
Thos. S. Reid 

Dr. A. P. Reid 

Jas. Farquhar 


Jas. C. ^Mackintosh 
Kenneth Sutherland 
John J. Stewart 


Donald Keith 
Andiew Bayne 

Edward ^Morrison 


Col. Jas. J. Bremner 
Col. Chas. J. :\Iacdonald 

Thomas Duncanson 

Robert Sedgewick. Jiulere 


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John Patterson. 
Alex. Brymer, .Ir. 

(Jeorge Grassic. 
.lames Forbes. 
Wiiiek. Allan. 
Robert Lyon. 

James Kwin^. 
James Thorn, 
.lames Frascr. 
John Ross. 
Daniel Fiaser. 
James Fergus. 
James Grant. 

James Frascr. 
James Fornian. 
Alex. Smith. 
John Telford. 

James Telfoi'd. 
Win. Rreiiinor 


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James Russell. 

ITector VTaedonald. 
.las. Fornian, Jr. 
Duncan Black. 
A. D. Russell, 
liobert Noble. 

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' C-. 



The; north briti?h society, 





As every Association for the assistance and relief of 
our fellow-creatures is commendable and good, it is hoped 
the North British Society of Halifax will be esteemed 
such by all who candidly pursue the Rules of this 

When people meet with misfortune, or fall into dis- 
tress in a part of the world remote from the land of their 
nativity, they naturally select their countrymen to reveal 
their situation to them, and to claim their aid. 

That they might have it in their power to interpose 
with effect in behalf of such claimants, the natives of 
Scotland and those of Scotch parentage in the City of 
Halifax, agreed in the year 1768, to form themselves into 
a Charitable Society. 

The good eft'ects of their association have now been 
experienced for 135 years, and though the objects of their 
charitv, like the contributors to it. have, according to 
their fundamental principles, been North Britons only, 
and can. while their present Constitution lasts, be no 
other, yet there is nothing so narrow or illiberal in their 
Institution as to indispose them, in their individual capa- 
city, from acting up to the principles of universal charity, 
and joining with the community at ^arge. in acts of social 
or private beneficence. 





The Society shall retain its present name, that is, — 
The North British S(K-iety, in Halifa.w Xova Scotia. 

The seal now used by the Society, viz., a silver seal, 
with a thistle and crown engraved thereon, with this 
motto, " Nemo viic impiinc laccssit," shall be continued sub- 
ject to the regulations hereafter mentioned. 



As the existence and usefulness of the Society depend 
upon its ordinary members, what relates to them deserves 
the first consideration. 

Persons desiring admittance into the Society shall 
consist, first, of natives of Scotland ; secondly, of those 
w^hose parents are or were natives ; and, lastly, of those 
whose fathers or grandfathers are or were natives. 

They shall be proposed by one or more members of 
the Society sending their names, addresses and occupa- 
tion to the Secretary at least one week before any gen- 
eral or special meeting of the Society, and if approved of 
by the officers, their election shall be determined by a 
majority of votes, by ballot, at next quarterly meeting. 

Every person thus elected as an ordinary member 
shall, at the time of his admission, subscribe to the Rules 
of the Society, and pay into the hands of the Treasurer a 


sum not less than four dollars, to be applied to tlfe 
orders and regulations hereinafted specified. 

Every ordinary resident member shall pay quarterly, 
into the hands of the Treasurer, at the Board of the 
Societ}-, the sum of $i.oo, or such other sum as shall from 
time to time be judged sufficient for promoting- the gen- 
eral purposes of the Institution. 

Perpetual members shall consist of those persons 
entitled to admission into this Society who deposit in the 
funds of the charity a lump sum of forty dollars ; they 
shall always have a right to take part in the business of 
this Society, and shall, with their own consent, be ahvays 
eligible to its officers. 

Honorary members shall consist of those persons 
eligible into the Society, who are passengers and sojourn- 
ers, rather than resident in the city, or w^ho being 
ordinary members may remove from the citv, or of those 
whom, on account of their office and avocations, the 
Society shall think proper to exempt, though resident, 
from the duty of ordinary attendance. In either case 
they shall contribute to the funds of charity, a sum not 
less than six dollars. The admission and enrolment of 
members of the first description shall, as heretofore, be 
vested in the officers of the Society, viz., in the Presi- 
dent. \^ice-President. and Assistants. And it is to be 
imderstood that if any members of the first or second 
class shall become permanent residents in the city, they 
shall ])a}- the same annual contribution as ordinary mem- 
bers, or otherwise shall cease to be members of the 



For cultivating a mutual good understanding among 
the members, and for conducting the business of charity, 
the Society shall be assembled four times in the vear, 


besides its anni\-ersary meetiiii^-. nainelw <>n the lirst 
'rimrsdav of the months of h\'l)ruar\-. May, August and 

At all meetings of the Society, after the I^resident or 
\'ice-President has taken the Chair, the rules shall be 
laid on the table for the ijerusal and direction of the 
members ; and nothing shall be talked of but the busi- 
ness of the Society, while the President keeps the Chair. 

Every member speaking- on business shall stand up 
and address himself to the Chair, and no member shall 
speak more than once on the same subject, except by 
leave from the Chair, or in order to explain something 
alread}- ofTered. 

When the subject before the Society is stated and dis- 
cussed, the President shall propose the same to the 
decision of the members, which shall be given by bal- 
lot in all cases when it is recjuired, or by a show of 

Everv member resident in the city, who shall absent 
himself for four successive quarterly meetings, without 
making an excuse that shall be deemed satisfactory to 
the Society, shall no longer be considered a member. 

At the meeting in Xovember the members present 
shall, by a majority of votes given by ballot, elect the 
offtcers for the ensuing year, to wit, a President. Vice- 
President, two Assistants, a Historian, a Treasurer, 
Secretary. Assistant Secretary, Chaplain. Committee of 
Charity, and Messenger ; and at this meeting, also, a 
regulation shall be made for celebrating the Festival of 
St. Andrew. 

Any member being elected to the office of President 
and refusing to act, shall forfeit four dollars ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, three dollars ; and all other officers two dollars 
each, for the use of the Society. 

At the meeting to be held on the 30th November, each 
year, for celebrating the Festival of St. Andrew% or on 


the da}- followiiio-, if the 30th happens to be on Sundav, 
the officers elected at the precechnq- meetino- shall enter 
on their functions. 

At the said Annual Festi\al, every member of the 
Society who shall appear without a St. Andrew's Cross 
on his breast, shall forfeit and pay to the Society's use, 
one dollar and fifty cents. 




Xo person shall be eligible to the office of President 
who has not been at least twelve months an ordinary 
or perpetual member of the Society. 

The duty of the President, Vice-President or Chair- 
man, is to preside at all meetings, to regulate the deliber- 
ations of the Society, to state and put questions both in 
the affirmative and the negative, according to the sense 
and intention of the meeting; to check undue warmth or 
irregularity, and keep all persons in order ; and for this 
purpose he shall have the power of fining, at his discre- 
tion, an oftending member, not exceeding twenty-five 
cents for each ofifence, without putting a vote ; to direct 
summonses for all ordinary and extraordinary general 
meetings ; and to execute or superintend the execution 
of all the rules and orders of the Society. 

The custody and use of the seal, the power of naming 
the place of meeting, with all other powers vested in him 
bv ancient usage, shall, as heretofore, remain with the 
President, or, in his absence, with the \*ice-President or 

The President, A'ice-President, or Chairman, shall 
approve of all disbursements, and sign all orders of dis- 
tribution, the account of which shall, as usual, be 
submitted to the Society for its satisfaction. 


The Secretary or Assistant Secretary shall attend 
all meetings and Committees of the Society, with the 
Rules and Records ; shall take down all minutes, particu- 
larly noting, in a regular account, all monies received 
and disbursed, and shall produce the same, fairly written, 
in proper books, at the next meeting; shall read all let- 
ters, petitions or papers sent or communicated to the 
Society, and shall record such of them as may be deemed 
worthy of preservation ; prepare all answers in such 
terms as may be directed ; shall make proper indexes to 
the books of the Society, and allow no account thereof, 
under his direction, to be in arrear beyond the space of 
twelve months. 

The Treasurer shall give such security as the Society 
may require for the trust reposed in him ; he shall 
receive all monies belonging to the Society ; he shall 
regularly produce his accounts signed, and the state of 
the incidental resources of the Society ; and shall annu- 
ally prepare a correct view of the funds, and the savings 
or exceedings of the year. 

He shall have no credit in his account for any sum 
(Usbursed for which he does not produce the order or 
approbation of the President in writing, or of the Com- 
mittee of Charity. 


The Committee of Charity, consisting of five, shall, as 
heretofore, be annually elected l)y the Society, for the 
following purposes : 

To enquire into the claims, characters and circum- 
stances, of all such as apply for the ordinary or extraor- 
dinary aid of the Society, to prevent the charity of the 
Society from being improperly or fruitlessly applied. 

To deliver their opinion candidlv and freely with 


respect to the general merit of claimants, and to the 
extent of the relief it may be necessary to afford them. 

To report to the Society any accident that may befall 
members, and such as stand in need of aid, or any sick- 
ness they may labor under, and to describe the nature 
and extent of the assistance it behooves the Society to 
give them, while in such circumstances. 


If any officers of this Society are. by sickness or 
otherwise, necessarilv absent from a regular meeting, 
others shall be called, for the time 1)eiiig, to act in their 
room ; and if any of the officers happen to remove out of 
the Province, or to die during the year for which they 
were elected, the members assembled at the next quar- 
terly meeting shall, as upon the meeting in November, 
choose others to serve in their room for the remainder 
of the vear. 



Ail the money collected from the members or 
received by donation or otherwise, shall be applied to 
the best advantage for promoting the ends of the Insti- 
tution ; and if, at an}- time, there shall be more monev 
in the funds than present exigencies require, the Trea- 
surer, at the desire and by the direction of the Society, 
at any general or quarterly meeting, shall lend out the 
same upon interest on the credit of the Province, o(r 
unexceptionable personal security by bond, or by invest- 
ment in real estate, within the City of Halifax, by bond 
and mortgage, this security to be taken in the name of 
the President and Mce-President for the time being, and 
the survivors of them, as Trustees for the said Society; 


and in the said instnnncnt of security it shall be declared 
that the same is made in trust for the Society, and the 
President and X'ice-President shall be parties to, and 
shall execute the same in the presence of two witnesses, 
and the said security shall be lodged with the Treasurer 
for the time being", and the mortgage, if any, to be duly 
recorded. I'roxided always, that said President and 
Vice-President, or either of them, their heirs, executors, 
or administrators, shall at all times subsequent (on being 
required by the Society at a general meeting so to do) 
execute an assignment or assignments of the said instru- 
ment, to their successors in office. 

The charity of the Society shall be applied in the 
following manner, viz., the President, Vice-President, 
with the other officers of the Society, or the Committee 
of Charity, shall have the power to draw orders on the 
Treasurer for the time being, in favor of such poor or 
distressed persons as they shall judge fit objects of the 
Society's bounty, which orders the Treasurer shall 
immediately pay, provided akuays, that none but those 
who have the same qualifications in regard to country 
and parentage as is stated in the rule respecting admis- 
sion of members, their widows and children, shall ever 
be entitled to any part of this charity. Provided also, that 
the sum so drawn for does not exceed $20 to any bne 
person, and when $20 are drawn by order on the Trea- 
surer, the said order must be signed by every member of 
said Committee of Charity ; and, to prevent impositions 
(jn said Committee of Charity in future, all orders on the 
Treasurer shall be signed by at least three of said Com- 
mittee of Charity, when under $20. 

.\s a stated provision is made for the resident poor by 
the municipal laws of the city, to which the members of 
this Society contribute their portion in their private 
capacitv as citizens, the fund of charity shall be rather 
applied to the relief and assistance of persons who have 
met with sudden misfortune, or who sufifer by occasional 


distress, than to continued allowance for the settled poor ; 
but as no adequate regulations, suitable to all times and 
all circumstances, can be devised on this subject, the 
Society shall, notwithstaning anything to the contrary in 
this rule, be always free to exercise its own discretion 
and humanity with regard to it. 



All perpetual, resident, or honorary members remov- 
ing from the Province, shall, upon application, be 
furnished with a certificate of their admission and attend- 
ance, under the Society's seal, and signed by the 
President or Vice-President, and Secretary, the form of 
which shall be as follows : 

" These are to certify that was regularly 

admitted a member of the North British 

Society of the City of Halifax, in the Province of Nova 

Scotia, at a meeting of the Society the. . . .day of 

A. D. 19... 

" Given under our hands and seal of the Society the 
day and year above written." 

But as it may be expedient for members of this 
Society to remove in quest of settlement to other parts 
of this Continent, where similar Institutions exist, 
w^hose countenance and direction might be of great 
assistance to them, a second form of certificate shall be 
granted, upon application, to such members of this 
description as the Society shall think worthy of the same, 
the form whereof shall be as follows : 

'■ These certify that Mr was regularly 

admitted a member of the North British Society of 
Halifax, in Nova Scotia, on the .... dav of , 


and havino- duly conformed to all its rules and reo-ula- 
tions during- his residence here, he is, therefore, reconir 
mended to the countenance and protection of an}- and all 
similar Societies." 




In descriJMng- the duties of the Committee of Charity, 
the superintendence of the sick was mentioned as a part 
of their charge, and as this branch of the Society's insti- 
tution may be more effectually managed by them, they 
shall in case of the continuance of the sickness or the 
incapacity for business of such members as need the 
Society's care, make report thereof to the officers and 
private members ; and if he or they need assistance dur- 
ing the night, the members of the Society shall, upon the 
recommendation of the Committee, watch with such sick 
persons, and shall, at the Society's charge, be allowed 
proper refreshment during their watch. 

In case of the death of any member needing such aid, 
the funeral charges shall be defrayed by the Society, and 
such a sum as circumstances may demand and the funds 
allow, shall be given to the widow or orphans of the 

A\'hen the attendance of the Soicety is requested at 
the funeral of one of its members, or a countryman a 
stranger in the place, the President shall issue orders for 
that purpose ; and the customs of Scotland, as far as 
expedient, shall be adhered to in the procession on such 
occasions, and as little expense incurred as possible. 



For the purpose of extending the usefulness of the 
Society, and for making the objects of it more generally 


known, each member shall have the privilege of intro- 
ducing, at the respective Quarterly Meetings, persons 
(non-residents) eligible to become members of the 
Society ; the member or members so introducing such 
visitor or visitors, to contribute towards the funds of the 
Society the sum of fifty cents at each of the meetings in 
the months of May and August, and the sum of one dol- 
lar in the months of November and February, for each 
and every visitor so respectively introduced at any such 
meetings ; provided, however, that all and every such 
visitor and visitors so to be introduced as aforesaid, shall 
be precluded from taking any part in the proceedings or 
business of the Society. 

The foregoing rules shall be deemed the fundamental 
articles and regulations of the North British Society 
in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and shall not hereafter be altered 
or abrogated, on any pretence whatever, otherwise than 
bv consent of at least two-thirds of the members regu^ 
larly met at any Quarterly Meeting in November ; pro- 
vided, also, that a Committee has been previously 
appointed, to consist of at least five members, and to have 
reported such alteration to be necessary. 

Voted unanimously, and agreed to at a Quarterly 
Meeting at the Masons' Hall, in the town of Hali- 
fax, in the Province of Nova Scotia, the seventh 
day of November, in the year of our Lord One 
Thousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-three. 



Passed jth .liii:;iisf, 186}. 

To prevent the names of persons proposed, balloted 
for. and elected members, who after due notice of the 
same, fail to comply with the Rules of the Society, from 
accumulating on the Due Roll, from this date no person 
be considered a member or entered on the Roll as such, 
until the entrance fee is paid, and the Roll of the Society 
is signed. 

Passed isf X(n'ci>du'r, 1866. 

Any ordinary member over the age of sixty years', 
having paid into the funds of the Society for twenty 
years in succession, shall at his own request, be absolved 
from the payment of quarterly dues. 

Passed Jth Ma\\ iSyj. 

That in future, any old member of the Society m 
arrears, may, on payment of forty dollars, be transferred 
to Perpetual List, and all back dues cancelled. 

Passed 3rd Pebniary, 18/6. 

That in future, one dollar be deducted from the cost 
of ticket of each m.ember attending the Dinner in cele- 
l)ration of the Festival of St. Andrew, the same to be 
paid out of the funds of the Society on presentation of 
the Secretary's memo, of the same to the Treasurer, cer- 
tified by the President. 


Passed 4th August, 1881. 

That hereafter all Dinners and Suppers of the 
Soicety be conducted without the use of Spirituous or 
Malt Liquors. 

Rescinded at Annual Meeting-, November, 1893. 

Passed 4tJi August, 188 y. 

That hereafter refreshments of all kinds be dis- 
pensed with at Quarterh^ Meetings. 

Reseiiided 3rd ]\Iay, i' 

Passed ^^tJi Xtn'eiuber, i8gi. 

Section III.— That the seventh and ninth para- 
graphs of this section be omitted. 

Passed ^th Xo:ruibe}\ 1803. 

Anv ordinarv member of the Societv having paid 
dues for twentv years in succession, shall, at his own 
request, be entitled to Honorary Alembership. 

Passed isf Xcnrjidyer, 1804. 

That in future, the Senior Asst. A'ice-President. with 
the Junior Asst. Vice, act as Stewards of the Societv, and 
are. bv this by-law, fully empowered to superintend the 
social interests of the members at the Quarterly IMeet- 
ings. provide speakers and singers, and arrange for suita- 
ble refreshments. 


Passed isf Xo-rcjiibcr, 1894. 

That at all future celebrations of Saint Andrew, the 
ordering of wines, ale, etc., be left to the discretion of 
members attending the Dinner. 

Passed 1st August, i8q^. 

Rule 2 of the By-Laws, regulating admission to the 
Society, to read as follows : 

" Persons desiring admittance to the Society shall 

1st, of Natives of Scotland; 

2nd, of those either of whose parents, grand- 
parents, or great- grandparents was a 
native of Scotland." 

Passed jtJi Xin'etiiber, i8g6. 


That a suitabh- (|ualified member be appointed to 
superintend the records and archives of Society, keep an 
abstract of each year's transactions for historical pur- 
poses, and have charge of all matters pertaining to the 
preservation of the books, papers and annual reports of 
the Institution. The new ofTfice-bearer to be styled The 
Historian of the North British Society. 

Passed 2nd February, i8Qp. 

That in future the retired Presidents — as many as 
available — with other leading members of the Society, 
not exceeding twenty-five, be invited to attend the meet- 
ings of Committee arranging for Annual Festival of 
Saint Andrew. 


Passed OfJi August, IQO^. 

That in future, in furtherance of the best interests of 
this Society, a meeting- of all the office-bearers elected at 
Annual Meeting- be held not later than the second Thurs- 
daA- in January of each year: 

(1) To examine and discharge all accounts con- 
nected with the celebration of the Festival of Saint 

(2) To arrange for increasing the meml)ership of the 

(3) To arrange for the collection of back dues. 

(4) To revise the roll of members when required. 

(5) To consider all matters relating to the general 
working and welfare of the Society during their term of 
office in comins vear. 

Passed jfli Xozriidhi-. IQO^. 

That in future, the annual statement of the Treasurer 
be printed, and a copy sent to each member for infor- 
mation sometime before the Festival of St. Andrew. 






The two illuminated illustrations of above demand 
a brief notice, as care has been taken to have them in 
design and colors heraldically correct. Their artistic 
excellence is at once apparent. 

The " Royal Arms of Scotland,"' which appears as a 
frontispiece to this volume, is the .authorized represen- 
tation from the fountain of Scottish Heraldry — the Lyon 
Court. Edinburgh. Those arms contain every historic 
.symbol of our country—'' The Thistle," the earliest 
emblem, " The Silver Cross of Saint Andrew," " The Red 
Rampant Lion in tha Field of Gold," " The Sword," "The 
Sceptre," and the old-time motto, " Xcino iiic iinpitiie laces- 
scf," forming altogether an ancient product of Barbarism. 
Christianity, Feudalism and Heraldry, well worth a 
moment's consideration. 

The Scottish Standards, which form our second illus- 
tration (page 405) are from the same source. These 
emblems of our country have, to every true Scotsman, 
the most sacred associations of patriotic pride and vener- 
ation. They floated o'er our patriotic countrymen at 
Bannockburn — that immortal victory which secured the 
independence, and raised to the highest pitch the martial 
glory of Scotland. They fell amid the frightful carnage 
of Flodden. hi later times those standards were carried 
to victory by the great Scottish Brigades, who, under 
Gustavus Adolphus, made Sweden known to Europe 


by the daring of her armies, and the victories obtained 
over the best trained soldiers of the powers of Austria, 
Russia, France and Spain. In Stockhohii are preserved, 
r.mong the reHcs of the great " Lion of the North," three 
stands of colours of the famous Scottish Yellow Brigades, 
three Royal Standards of Scotland, and nine Jacks, wnth 
Silver Cross of Saint Andrew, all of which had been car- 
ried to victory in his most glorious engagements. 

Again, in the i8th Century, after the bitterness of 
Culloden, the Scottish soldiers of fortune were found in 
great numbers in the armies of France and Russia. At 
times, the Highland Clans were nearly all represented. 
They had their Scottish Banners, their slogans, their 
kilts, tartans, and bagpipes, and it is needless to say, they 
got all the fighting they wanted, and as in days of yore, 
recalled in the victories they achieved for the powers 
they were fighting for, the terrible memories of the 
great battle-fields of the famous Gustavus. 

Their pride in these Scottish banners was unbounded, 
and it is matter of historical truth that a Scottish colour 
was never captured or surrendered in those continental 
wars. In times of great emergency, at the last ditch, the 
colours were destroyed to escape such disaster. 

For the past one hunderd years our Scottish banners 
and emblems have been almost lost to memory in the 
overpowering preponderance of the more wealthy partner 
in the British Union called Great Britain. To the 
majority of our Scottish race in this Nczv Scotland of ours. 
The Royal Arms of Scotland, as well as the Royal Stand- 
ard and the Jack or Silver Cross of Saint Andrew, are 
almost unknown, and from patriotic motives, they have 
been inserted in these Annals to keep alive those glori- 
ous memories and symbols of our country, wihch are the 
proud inheritance of our North British people.