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Full text of "The annals of Albany"

Presented to the 

LIBRARY of the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 





ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



BY J. MUNSELL. 



VOL. III. 




ALBANY: 

JOEL MUNSELL 58 STATE STREET. 
1852. 



PEEFACE. 



This volume contains a considerable amount of matter 
that has not before seen the light by the aid of printers' 
ink, and which is believed to be not wholly without value 
to the historian and antiquary. 

The records of the common council and the courts, are 
not merely interesting by reason of their quaintness, but 
are important, because they furnish nearly all we can 
know of the events of that period in the history of the 
city, which forms the close of the seventeenth century. 
Albany was at that time a garrisoned town, against which 
the French in Canada had a strong desire to carry their 
arms; but the principal blow aimed at her fell upon 
Schenectady, and her wooden walls were never actually 
beleaguered by any foe. This may be attributed to the 
fact that the authorities manifested more prudence than 
any of their neighbors with regard to their defences, and 
to their watchfulness over the Indians, who although at 
peace, were not permitted to lodge in the city by night. 

The records of baptisms, which occupy a large space in 
these pages, must present a barren aspect to the general 
reader ; but they serve to repeople the old city, and make 
us familiar with the old people, the middle-aged, and the 
babies, all Dutch, and inhabiting small, sharp-roofed houses 
with their gables to the street. These, ladies and gentle- 
men, are the men, women and children who frequented 
our streets a century and a half ago, when the males 



iv . Preface. 

above the age of sixteen numbered one hundred and eighty 
two, all told. 

Among those who took the oath of allegiance to King 
William in 1699, we find the name of Gideon Schaats. 
From the best information that could be gathered of 
such as were most conversant with the history of the 
church, his death was placed in 1683 (vol i, 91); but he 
appears again (vol. ii, 103), to present before the court, 
the will of his deceased wife, Barentje Hendriks, in De- 
cember, 1688. If this is the veritable domine who comes 
up again in 1699 (vol. iii, 277), we can only conjecture 
that he is not living yet from the fact that he began his 
ministry in 1652 ,and, in the ordinary course of events, 
should have gone to his reward in the last century. We 
hope to meet with him again. 

The orthography of persons and places is so much un- 
settled, as to forbid the attempt to establish a standard ; 
wherefore the original manuscript has been followed, 
usually, with all its variations. In copying articles, the 
author's text has been scrupulously followed, and having 
put his name to it, if any one should conceive that 
it contains errors, the compiler desires that the misfea- 
sance may be attributed to its right source, and not to 
any invention of his own. 



CONTENTS. 



City Records, ] 695 to 1 699, 7 

Dutch Names of Persons, Places and Things, &., 57 

Baptisms in the Ref. Prot. Dutch church, from 1693 to 1707, 61 
Table of Dutch Baptismal Names with the corresponding 

Names in English, 114 

Maude's Travels, 116 

Albany County, 135 

Notes from the Newspapers, 145 

Ancient Wills, 193 

British Spy, , . 201 

Congress at Albany, 1754, 202 

Epidemic in Albany, 1746, 204 

Orphan Asylum, 207 

Commission of a Viewer of Corn, 218 

Forms of Oaths, 1689, 219 

Ferry Rates, 1784, 220 

Lumber Trade in Albany, 221 

Arrivals' at this Port, 1791, 223 

Albany Lumber Market for the week ending July 30, 1851, 224 

Meeting on the State of the Country, 225 

Commerce of Albany,- 226 

Statistics of Intemperance, 227 

Population at different Periods, 228 

Inscriptions in the Presbyterian Burial Ground, 229 

Population, 1714, 243 

Trinity Church, 244 

Taking the Oath of Allegiance, 1699, 273 

Life and Services of Stephen Van Rensselaer, 281 

License to teach English, 1665, 327 

Sudden breaking up of the Ice, 1851, 328 

Annals of the Year 1850-51, 331 

Statistics of Crime, 1851, 367 

Sala.ies of State Offices, 1774, 368 

Index, 369 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Map of Albany, 1851, frontispice. 

Plan of Albany, 1695, 39 

Map of Albany, 1794, 1 56 

Orphan Asylum, 207 

Kane Monuments, 235 

Charles R. Webster's Monument, , 242 

Trinity Church, 265 

Stephen Van Rensselaer, , 281 

Commercial Bank Building, 365 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



THE CITY RECORDS. 



1695 TO 1700. 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty of Albany 
y e 6th of August, 1 695 : Present, Joh: Abeel, mayor.; 
Major D. Wessels, recorder; Evert Banker, Jacob 
Staets, Jan Jansse Bleeker, Jan Lansing, Albert Ryck- 
man, aldermen; Jan Becker, Ben. van Corlaer, Evert 
Wendell, Johannes Thomase, assistants. 
Whereas an order has been given by y mayor, alder- 
men and commonalty for a well to be made in ye citty of 
Albany on y 6 Jonker street, on y e hill, for y e convenience 
and safety of y 6 s d citty, for y e satisfaction of y e s d charges 
was ordered y 1 an general assessment shall be made 
through the whole citty, which is now given in to y e mayor, 
aldermen and commonalty, amounting to the somme of 
two hundred and seventy seven and 10 d , doe therefore or- 
der that a warrant shall be issued upon y e high constable, 
and commanding his deputyes emmediately to collect y 6 
s d somme of money, and after y e collecting s d money, to 
return the same to the treasurer Johannes Appel. 

Whereas y e mayor gives in to y e aldermen and com- 
monalty y 1 he has received a letter with y^ commission 
of y 6 Peace, from y e secretary of New York, David Jame- 
son with an account of y e charges for y e s d commission, 
also for y e act of assembly for y e 2 p l for y e defrauying of 
all y 6 necessary charges in y e citty of Albany, which ac- 
count amounts to the somme of ten pounds thirteen shil- 



8 The City Records. 

lings coilrrant money, for y 6 satisfaction of y 6 s d sommes 
of money it is resolved that care shall be taken that y 6 
county shall procure Corn so much to brew 3 pypes of 
table Beer, and Benn. v. Corlaer and Albert Ryckman are 
to brew it, thinking it will amount to y e complement. 

It is resolved by the mayor, aldermen and commonalty 
that y 6 justices of y e citty and county of Albany shall con- 
vene the first day of September next ensuing, and that y e 
sheriff Johannes Appel shall give them all warning against 
said time, that they may appear personally as aforesaid. 

Whereas Ab. Isaaks, y 6 Fort Sluyter*, having delivered 
in his account for his duty, amounting to y e somme of 
eight and twenty pieces of eight, 

To ye sheriffe Johannes Appel to order y l y e high con- 
stable shall order his deputyes to make an assessment 
for y e procureing y e aforesaid somme of money. 

Oct 14. Whereas the arriears of y e 2000 and 1500 
tax having been derected to the constables of each warde 
by an warrant from Dirk Wessells, justice, which consta- 
bles give in their report, that all who are indebted' to y e 
said arriers gives them an answer that they have paid it, 
and setts them aft from time to time. 

Albany, y e 14th day of October, 1695. 

This day being appointed by y e charter of this citty for 
y 6 alderman of y e respective wards to bring their returns 
of y 6 aldermen chosen for y e ensuing year, which were 

1st Ward. Johannes Schuyler, Hendrik van Rensselaer, 
aldermen; Benoni van Corlear, Johannes de Wandelaer, 
assistants. 

2d Ward. Jan Jansse Bleeker, Jan Lansing, aldermen; 
Johannes Cuyler. Evert Wendell, assistants. 

3d Ward. Albert Rykman, Hendrik Hanse, aldermen; 
John Andriese. Egbert Teunise, assistants. 

Assessors. John Becker, Anthony van Skayk, 1st ward ; 
Johannes Bleeker, Pieter Mingael, 2d ward: Harpert Ja- 
cobse, Elbert Gerritse, 3d ward. 

Constables. Myndert Schuyler, 1st ward; Anthony 
Bries, 2d ward; Warner Carstense, 3d ward. 

High Constable. Johannes Teller, chosen and sworn, 

* Keeper of the gates, or turnkey. 



The City Records. 9 

Albany, y e 15th November, 1695, in y 6 Citty Hall afore- 
said. 

Resolution made between the mayor and aldermen with 
the common councill, who were ordered by the mayor to 
make a forfitt lyst for y e quartering of y e fusilleers of Ma- 
jor Schuyler, Capt. Weems and Capt. Kidd's comp e , who 
accordingly have done and delivered the same for two 
months, till y e 15th day of Jan'y 9|, next ensuing, with 
condition y l then the s d list may be allowed to the more 
ease of y e inhabitants upon whom the s d comps are quar- 
tered. 

Mayor's Court, Nov. 19, 1695. Whereas Hend. Rose- 
boom Sen., voorlezer in y e church of y e citty of Albany 
doth appear here and desyred that consideration may be 
used that his sallary may be paid, being he stand in great 
need of y e same. 

Jacob Lokermans vs. Harma Gansevoort, Default. 

Robert Sanders vs. Jurry van Hoese, Deferred. 

Barent Allester Bratt appears here and desyres satis- 
faction for removing of house according to appraisment of 
y e same. 

Whereas in y e year of our Lord 16,ff a warrant was 
directed to Pieter Winne, Pieter Bogardus, William Claese, 
Harma Gansevoort, Dirk Bensing, and Jan Janse Visselaer, 
who were ordered by y e mayor, aldermen and commonalty 
of ye citty of Albany, being there were severall houses 
standing hard by the stockadoes of y e citty aforesaid, and 
y e enemy were then daily expected, it was then desyred 
by the generalty of y e inhabitants that y e s d hoases might 
be broke downe, whereupon y e mayor, aldermen and com* 
monalty appointed and authorized the aforesaid persons 
to agree with y e owners, otherwise to value the same, 
which was valued by the folio wing persons, being William 
Claese, Jan Cornelise Viselaer, Harma Gansevoort, and 
Pieter Bogardus, who valued the house of Barent Allester 
Bratt at fifteen pound twelve shillings for y e removing of 
y 6 same. The mayor and aldermen refer ye same to 
further consideration for y e payment of y e same. 

A committee was appointed to examine the treasurer's 



10 The City Records. 

accounts, and a warrant was directed to be issued " to 
fetch up all the lycenses." The justices were also directed 
to appear on the 9th Dec., "to correct all affairs between 
the citty and county." 

Mayor's Court, Dec. 3, 1695. Sanders vs. Van Hoese 
came up for the third time, when it was " thought requisite 
that the partyes doe appear here next court day to dispute 
y 6 matter themselfs, and whoever then is absent judgment 
enter against him." 

Cornelia Vanderheyden appears here at y 6 barr, and 
gives in y e oath of her suster Ariaantje who is brought to 
child bed, that Leift. Symon Young is y 6 father thereof, 
y only father and none but he ; and deseres that y e mayor 
and alderman would use some methodd or anoyr with .y 6 
s d Young for the maintenance of the child. 

It is resolved by y 6 mayor and aldermen that each in- 
habitant in this citty shall ride or cause to be ride at y e 
guard by y 6 constable appointed, a load of fyre wood ; vizt : 
the first warde is to ride there proportion this week, and 
after y 6 2d and 3d warde when they were warned. 



Mayor's Court, Dec. 17, 1695. Whereas y e citty stock- 
adoes doe begin to fail and are out of repair towards the 
river side, it is therefore thought necessary by y 6 mayor 
and aldermen that four hundred and fifty new stockadoes 
should be ride this winter for the repairing of y 6 same, at 
13 foot length, and a foot over, and that a warrant may 
be directed to y 6 assessors, to make an equal assessment 
thereof upon y inhabitants and then to deliver y 6 same 
to Mr. Mayor. 

Att a meeting of mayor, aldermen and justices of the 
citty and county of Albany, y e 28th day of March, 
1695 : Present, Evert Banker, mayor ; Dirk Wessels 
recorder; Hend. van Rensselaer, Jan Janse Bleeker, 
Jan Lansing, Albert Rykman, Hend. Hanse, alder- 
men; K. van Rensselaer, Capt. Marte Gerritse, Ger- 
rit Teunise, Joh. Sanders, Pieter Vosburgh, justices j 



The City Records. 11 

Evert Wendell Jim., Job. D. Wandelaer, Eghb 1 Teu- 
nise, Jan Andries, common council. 
It is resolved and agreed that four hundred load of 
good fyre wood with two horses shall be ride by y e county 
of Albany between this and y e 15th day of January next 
ensuing, none excepted but linde and y e sparegrene wood, 
viz 1 : 

Coxhacky and Catskill, 100 

K. van Rensselaer, 160 

Kinderhook, 110 

370 

Also, that all y e accounts of y 6 county charges from y e 
17th, '95 to the 14th of October 1695, are inspected, and 
doe finde that y e county is indebted the somme of one 
hundred thirty-five pounds one shilling and l d , whereof 
they deduct fifteen pounds twelve shillings which was due 
to Barent Bratt for removing his house in y e year of our 
Lord 16, which y e justices of ye county doe apprehend 
y l y e county ought not to pay. As also sixty pounds as 
per account of assembly for y e ajancy, doth amount to 
one hundred seventy-nine pounds 9s. Id. To the levying 
of said somme, the Colony is to contribute 15 
Kinderhook, - - 20 

Katskill and Coxhacky, - - 20 

Shinnechtady, * - - - 22 

77 
So that there just remains for the city to be 

raised, 102 9s. Id. 



179 9s. Id. 

It is also concluded generally by y 6 Justices y l of y 6 
citty and county y l a gift of 5 5s. shall be raised for 
Jam.es Parker, viz 1 , y e Citty 2, y e Colony 1. Kinder- 
hook 15s., Katskill and Coxhacky 15s., Shennechtady 
15s., is just 5 5. 



12 The City Records. 

Alt a Mayor's Court, held at y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 25th day of February, 169*. 

Ryer Jacobse Schermerhoorn complains of Joh. Sanders 
for false imprisonment, to y e dammage of two hundred 
pounds. The defendant appears and says y l he is of op- 
pinion y l he can not be tryd at y e mayor's court, by rea- 
son neither of them are inhabitants of y 6 citty, doth there- 
fore desyre of y e aldermen to know if they have power to 
try y e matter. The court is of y e opinion that they have 
no power to try the defendant, because the law gives no 
positive direction, neither have they any former prece- 
dence for it, being they fynd by the pi. declaration that 
the deft, is shewed as a justice of peace in the service of 
his office, upon which opinion y 6 deft, replyed that he 
was put in false imprisonment. 



Albany y e 10th March, 169-*. 

There is three warrants signed by y 6 mayor, to y e three 
constables, to bring in a levie tax according to y e tax de- 
livered them, &c. 

Whereas there is complaints made to y e mayor, alder- 
men and justices of y 6 peace, y l y e publick bakers of y e 
citty doe not make thare wheat bread according to weight 
established formerly, that is to say, every loff of bread is 
to be a pound nett, English weight, when baked, y e price 
at 7d wampum, wee doe therefore command and charge 
in his maj'es name, King William, y l all bakers make 
thare bread according to y 6 standers, under y 6 pain of for- 
fyting all such bread as shall be founde light, as also a 
fine of three shillings courant money, &c. 

Whereas several persons of y* citty and county has 
given in a complaint to y e mayor, aldermen and justices 
of y 6 citty and county, y 1 there is severall persons doe goe 
with money in thare hands to buy wheat, and can not 
have it by reason y* marchants has engrossed in there 
hands being resolved to ship it for New York, the mayor 
aldermen and justices of y e peace have resolved and agreed 
upon y 1 no merchts or any other persons whatsoever shall 
ship any corn aboard any sloop, vessel, boat, whatsoever, 



The City Records. 13 

untill such time wee have his Excell. directions in it, as 
they will answer upon there uttmost perill. 

John Anderson Cooper is this day sworn surveyor of 
all the wyehts and mesures within the citty and county 
and that he is to have his instructions from the mayor 
and aldermen, and a warrant for his place and what fees 
he is to receive. 

March 14. At a meeting of the mayor, aldermen and 
justices, it was resolved that an address should be drawn 
up and delivered to the representatives, on the state and 
condition of the city and county, that they may present the 
same to the governor and council in the general assembly. 

Op heydenden 14 d Maert, geaccordeert met de aldermans 
voort Court t hebben voort gebruijk van d Reders van d 
Twee Bergatijns die t somor sail getimmert worden, waar- 
voor zij betaelen moeten 8 ps van 8. 

April 21. Whereas on y e 10th of March last a prohibi- 
tion was proclaimed by us, y l no merch 1 or any persons 
within this citty should transp 1 any corn or any sort of 
grains untill further order from his excel., we doe there- 
fore prohibite by order of his excel. B. Fletcher, Cap 1 . 
Gen. & Gov. in cheiffe, &c., y l no merch 1 or other persons 
whatever within y 6 citty shall transp 1 any sort of grains 
downe Hudson's river, either in sloop, vessel or boat, till 
such time wee receive his excel, will & pleasure thereon. 

May 19. Hend. Vandyk of y e citty of Albany appears 
before this court in behalfe of Allida Schuyler, widow of 
Pr. Davidsse Schuyler, deceased, with the following re- 
quest, that whereas her late husband Pr. Davidsse Schuy- 
ler, being suddenly taken out of this world without mak- 
ing any will or testament, doth therefore humbly desyre 
of the court that they may appoynte Abraham and David 
Schuyler as oversiers and tutors over her said husband's 
children, whilst they are in there minority, and your pet'r 
shall forever pray. Was signed, ALIDA SCHUYLER. 

The court grants the afores d request, and appointeth 
and authoriseth y 6 said Abraham and David Schuyler 
oversiers and tutors over said children of y e deceased. 

June 16. Whereas complains are made by y 6 sheriffe 
of y 6 citty of Albany that severall inhabitants do not ob- 

2 



14 Albany City Records. 

serve y e former orders, dated y 6 13th day of August, 1689, 
but doe take y e freedom to fetch Indians with there packs 
into there houses, which is to y e great disturbance of his 
Maj's peace, Wee doe therefore in his Maj's King William's 
name, publish and declare y 1 no person or persons what- 
soever, within this citty, shall upon y e arrival of any In- 
dian or Indians, adresse themselfs to speake to them of 
and concerning trade, nor shall entice them either within 
or without y 6 gates of y 6 said citty by signs or otherwise, 
howsoever, to trade with themselfs or any other persons, 
upon payn and penalty of paying for each offence, if com- 
mitted without y e gates of y 6 s d citty, y e somme of thirty 
shillings ; if within y 6 same, y e somme of six shillings only, 
which fine is to be for y 6 behoofe of such persons as shall 
[sue] for y e same. 

That no person or persons whatsoever within y 6 citty 
shall presume to fetch any Indian or Indians into thare 
houses with pack or packs of bever or peltry, and to trade 
them, upon penalty of paying as a fine for each offence, 
thirty shillings, and y e Indian or Indians with said packs 
immediately to depart out of y e house without trading 
directly or indirectly. 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this citty 
shall send out or make use of any breakers, whether 
Christians or Indians, in y e management of y e Indian 
trade, upon pain and penalty of paying as a fine for each 
offence, y e somme of thirty shillings, one moyety thereof 
for y e use of y 6 mayor, aldermen and commonalty of y e 
s d citty, and y oyr moyety to such person as shall sue for 
y e same. 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this citty 
doe presume to trade or traffique with or by any means 
whatsoever, directly or indirectly entice any Indians so to 
doe upon y 6 sabbath day, upon pain and penalty of for- 
feiting such goods so traded for as aforesaid, as also on 
payn and penalty of paying as a fine for each offence y e 
somme of forty shillings to y e use of such person as shall 
sue for y e same. 

Aug. 25. It is ordered that Billetts should be sett up at 
y 6 church, y 1 all who have anything to pretend upon y 6 estate 



The City Records. 15 

of John Provost, y 1 they may give in there accts to Symon 
Young, sheriffe, in y 6 space of 14 days ensuing this date. 

Sept. 8. Harma Gansevoort vs. William Ketelleyn. 
The partys being called up in court, y 6 def l did not ap- 
pear; this being y e first time says to y e marchall y 1 he 
was not lawfully summoned. 

The sheriffe has brought in his return concerning y 6 
order of Johannes Provost deceased, given him last court 
day. The court order y 6 sheriffe to expose y e goods of y 6 
deceased Provost upon Saturday next, at one of y e clocke 
in y 6 afternoon, to publick sale, and to pay his debts so far 
as it will goe. 

Inventaris of y e goods of y e deceased Johannis Provost. 
Rooseboom is paid for his fees by Cornells Steveson, y 1 
there was a gunn left in pawn for fourteen shillings in 
rume for the army, which y e sheriffe has redeemed and 
taken in his custody, two old coats, a pr breeches, an old 
broken axe, a leathern strap, to be exposed to sale as above. 

Att a Meeting of y 6 Mayor, Aldermen & Assistants of 
y 6 Citty and y e Justices of y e County of Albany, the 
30th of Sept., 1696, who Represented as follows: 

To his Excell. Benj. Fletcher, Capt. Genl & Governor in 
Cheeffe of his Maj's Province of New Yorke & of all y 6 
Territoryes & Tracts of Land depending thereon in 
America, and Vice Admirall of y e Same, &c. 

The humble addresse of y 6 Mayor, Aldermen & Assist- 
ants of y e Citty and y 6 Justices of y e County of Albany, 
who Represented y 6 State and Condition of y 6 Citty and 
County aforesaid, humbly sheweth : 

Imprimis, That since y 6 beginning of y 6 present warr 
by y e dayly departing of y 6 inhabitants of y e Citty and 
County, we are weakened about 250 men, and that y e pre- 
sent garrison being 3 Comps. Red Coats doe weaken dayly 
as well by desertion as oyrwise, so y 1 y e same with all y e 
Recruits from y 6 Governm 1 , where severall of our Inhabit- 
ants have Listed themselfs under can hardly make up two 
hundred men, which is not sufficient for y e Defence of this 
i'ronteer against y e Enemy, 



16 The City Records. 

2d. That wee can not Expect y e assistance from y e five 
nations as formerly, since wee can Reckon that y 6 Prose- 
lites alone have lost about 60 men in several Renconters, 
besides y 6 Mohogs upper nations and River Indians, and 
since the Last Invasion by y e french and there Indians in 
onondage & oneyde, wee fear y l y e five nations will not be 
so zealous for y 6 crowne of England & this Governm 1 
against y 6 french our enemy as formerly. 

3dly. That our Plantations round about y 6 towne can 
not be farther improved without y 6 great danger of there 
Lives, as it doth appear by y 6 barbarous murder and 
skalping of severall People this summer in there Labour. 

4thly. That by y 6 Examination of a french Prisoner 
from Canada this Summer, who Reports y 1 there was Pre- 
pared 500 pare of Snow Shoes for a Design this winter. 

That by reason of y 6 above articles many families as 
well from Shinnechtady as Albany are departed, and seve- 
rall more are Preparing to Depart, which can not be oyr 
wise but a fatal Consequence. 

Wee doe therefore begg your Excell would be pleased to 
take this adresse in his Serious Consideration and humbly 
Pray y 1 wee may have y e favour of your Excell Presence 
here this winter with sufficient strength as your Excell 
shall think fitt, which will without Doubt be an occasion 
for many Inhabitants to Continue and will Extreamly 
.oblidge your Excell most humble and obed 1 Petrs to Pray 
for Ever. [Was signed by the city and county officers.] 

Att a Mayor's Court held at y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
y 6 6th of October, 1696: Present the mayor, recorder 
and three aldermen. 

Whereas Hend. Lansing, attorney for Bay Croesveelt, 
appears at y 6 barr and demands y e somme of 24 ps. of 8 
at 6s. for y e hyre of his house where Capt. Hyde lodges in, 
for a year fromy e 25th June, 1695 to y 6 25 do, 1696, being 
hyred by Major Schuyler, y e Court doth therefore appoint 
Jan Lansing and Hend. Hanse, aldermen, and Joh. D 
Wandelaer and Eghb 1 Tunise, who shall make Enquire 
upon what condition y e housen are hyred for y e officers, 
& upon how y 6 s d officers are quartered, & make there 
return y 6 13th of October, 1696, to y 6 Mayor. 



The City Records. 17 

Whereas Symon Young, sheriffe of y e Citty of Albany, 
appears and saith that on y e 6th of February 1696. Mr. 
Dirk Wessels, Capt. Gerrit Teunise Hend. van Ren- 
selaer did inquire of him what Provisions he would Pro- 
vided for y 6 maintenance of y e Child of Aryaentie Van- 
derheyden, who Declares y l he is y e father thereof, & y l 
he had answered if it is his Child why was it not send 
home where it should never have wanted Bread. Doth 
therefore humbly desyre of y 6 mayor & aldermen that y 6 
Child may be sent home to him. 

Albany, 14th of October, 1696. Ordered by y e mayor 
to Record y e answer of Aryaentie Vanderheyden, who says 
y l she will never give her Child to Simon Young. 

Robert Sanders of y e Citty of Albany, aged about 54 
years, doth declare upon oath y l about 14 years agoe he 
y e said Deponent had bought for him and his neighbours 
dwelling in y e Parrell street, from Harma Bastianse of y 1 
Citty Deceased, a Certain Priviledge for a Water Runn 
through y 6 s d Bastianses Lott of grounde for ever, situate 
lying and being in y 6 said street along y e side of his house 
to make a well in said street, for the quantity of six Bevers 
by condition y 1 y e said Harma Bastianse was not to build 
upon said grounde where y e Runne Lyes, and further saith 
not. 

This above deposition given before me upon oath y 6 
10th day of October, 1696. EVERT BANKER, Mayor. 

Claes Jacobse of y e Citty of Albany aged about 72 years, 
doth declare upon oath that about 14 years agoe Robert 
Sanders of y e said Citty had bought a Certain Priviledge 
in behalfe of y e Rest of his neighbours dwelling in Parrell 
street, from Harma Bastiaense of y e said Citty, deceased, 
for a water Runn to r 6 well in y e aforesaid street, through 
y 6 said Bastiaenses grounde for ever, scituate, lying and 
being in y e said street on y e north side, and y 1 he y e said 
Deponent did contribute for y e payment thereof, but upon 
Condition y 1 y 6 said Harma Bastiaense was not to build 
upon the said water Runn ; further saith not. 

This above Deposition given before me upon oath y e 
10th of October, 1696. EVERT BANKER, Mayor, 



1$ The City Records. 

Albany, y e 14 1 October, 1696. 

This day being appointed by y e Charter of y e Citty for 
y e aldermen of y e respective wards to bring there Returns 
of y 6 aldermen chosen for y 6 ensuing year, which were : 

1st Ward. Joh. Schuyler, Hend. van Renselaer, alder- 
men; Ben. v. Corlaer, Joh. d Wandelaer, assistants; An- 
thony van Skaik, Jacobus Turke, assessors; Wm Hogen, 
constable. 

2d Ward. Jan Lansing, Jan Vinhagen, aldermen ; Jo- 
hannes Roseboom, Evert Wendell, assistants ; Jan Nack, 
Gerrit Roseboom, assessors; Hend. Roseboom, constable. 

3d Ward. Albert Ryckman, Hend. Hanse, aldermen; 
Johannes Thomase, Eghb 1 Teunise, assistance; Harp 1 Ja- 
cobse, Gerrit v. Ness, assessors ; Gerrit Ryckse, constable. 

Anthony Bries, high constable ; Jan Becker, treasurer. 

Return from Jan Lansing, Hend. Hanse, Joh. d Wan- 
delaer, Eghb 1 Teunise, as follows: 

Wy ondergesz hebben volgens d order van d mayer & 
aldermans gegeven, de 6 Oct. 1696, nawelijks ondersoght 
& kennen niet anders levinden als dat d stadt daer niet 
mede t doen heeft, maer komt ten laste van diegene daer 
d voorsz Capt. Hyde op gequaertert is dit zijnde ons Re- 
pert, dat wy doen aen d. agh 1 bawe mayer & aldermens 
aldus getekent in Albany de 13 October, 1696. 

Att a Common Councill held y 6 24th of Nov., 1696. 
Whereas it is concluded by y 6 mayor, aldermen & assist- 
ants, y 1 a warrant shall be issued to y e assessors y 1 they 
may Emmediately beginn and make there assessm 1 upon y e 
Inhabitants for three hundred lood of fyre wood for y e 
guards & deliver over y e same in y 6 space of three days 
ensuing this date, to Mr. Mayor. 



Att a meeting of y 6 Mayor & aldermen of y 6 Citty, and 
ye Justices of y e County of Albany, Dec. 7th, 1696. 

It is resolved by y e authority aforesaid to Present to 
his Excell. Benj. Fletcher, Cap 1 Gen. & Gov. in Cheffe &c. 
Two good and sufficient horses, & a Slee, & all thereunto 
belonging, & with some Provendure for s d horses. 



The City Records. 19 

The Justices of y e Citty & County, after that they had 
vizited y e Cittys arrearages are greed have concluded and 
made a Promise to Contribute thereunto from y 6 14th of 
October 96 to ditto October 1697 as follows, viz 1 . 

Katskill by Gerrit Teunise, 14. 

Kelliaen Van Rensselaer, - - 10. 

Schinnechtady by Joh. Sanders, - - -12. 

Kinderhoek by Pr. Vosburgh, 15. 

51. 

For James Parker, marshall: Catskill contributed 12s, 
Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, 12s; Schenectady, 15s; Kinder- 
hook, 15s ; Total 2, 14s. 

It is also Resolved and agreed by y 6 Justices aforesaid, 
yt none of y 6 following wood directly or indirectly must 
be Ride for y e guards, viz 1 , no watte Pyn wood, willige 
oly noote, nor Linde wood. And y l a man shall be ap- 
pointed upon oath, to few all y e slees before they are on- 
loaden at y 6 guard house, & whosoever onloads his slee at 
y e guarde before it is fewed shall not be Reckoned as a 
lood; which man appointed shall be paid by y e Citty and 
County for his duty. 

It is likewise agreed y 1 ye County Justices shall Ride y e 
following loads of wood with two horses for y e guards : 
The Patroon Van Rensselaer, 160 load. 

Gerrit Teunise, - -120 

Pr. Vosburgh, .... 140 
which is to be Ride between this and y e 15th of January 
next ensuing. 

Att a Court of Mayor and Aldermen, Dec. 15, 1696. 

Hend Van Dyk & Joh. Bleeker Jun., appears & makes 
there complaint against Jacobus Turke for keeping y e 
Chain and Bucketts belonging to y e well upon y e hill, doth 
therefore Pray y* y 6 Mayor and aldermen would be pleased 
to charge y 6 s d Jacobus Turke to restore y 6 s d Chain and 
bucketts. Whereupon y 6 mayor and aldermen have con- 
sidered and doe order emmediately that y e chain and buck- 
etts shall be returned, and hung up iny e well as formerly. 

Mayor's Court, Dec. 29. Whereas Diverse Persones 
with y e citty of Albany and y e village of Shennechtady doe 



20 The City Records. 

buy y e Indian's Corn from y e Mohog Indians and y e other 
upper nations, to y e dammage of y e Place and great charge 
to y e Province, wee doe therefore hereby Prohibite and 
Discharge all Inhabitants within this citty and y e village 
of Shinnechtady and other Persons whatsoever riot to 
buy any Corn from y 6 said Indians Directly or Indirectly. 

Hend. Van Dyk appears and makes application that he 
hath engaged himself in a certain obligation to Mrs. Brad- 
shaw his mother in law for a bedd which is now in pos- 
session of y 6 officers in y 6 fronteer, doe therefore Pray y l 
y 6 Court will consider y e matter, & y l it may be returned 
back to y e owner. The honl. Court makes answer y 1 it 
shall be given back. 

It is thought Requisite & Convenient that the fyre mas- 
ters, Melg 1 Wynantse, Gerrit Lansing, & Barent Bratt, 
shall forthwith, with y e assistance of y 6 high constable & 
his Deputyes goe round throughout y e Citty, and vizite 
y e Chimneys, and to take speciall care to see them clain, 
and y 1 no fyre be kept near any straw, hay or y e like, as 
also to search for y 6 fyre leathes, hooks and bucketts, and 
have them in repare and ready upon occasion ; which they 
are in no ways to omitt, as they will answer upon there 
Peril!. 

It is also thought Convenient y 1 a warrant be issued to 
y 6 Sheriffe to order y 6 Constables in each Warde to take 
there turnes one after another, in attending att y e Church 
and to hinder such children and others as doth Profane 
y 6 Sabbath day, and further to search in all taverens or 
tippling houses within ye citty, that no Drink be sold to 
any Person or Persones upon y e Lord's Day, upon Pain 
and Penalty of forfeiting y 6 summe of one half for 

Att a Meeting of y e Recorder and Aldermen in y e Citty 
Hall of Albany, y 6 19th of February, 169^. 

It is thought Convenient and Requisite y 1 warrants shall 
be issued to y 6 Constables within y e Citty that they em- 
mediately goe each in his respective warde and warn y e 
Inhabitants therein to Ride there arrearages of fyre wood 
to y e appointed guards according to y e late assessments, 
between y 6 date hereof and y 6 20th of February, and who- 



The City Records. 21 

soever doth neglect to bring such arrearages as he is be- 
hinde hand shall forfeitt a lood of wood, and ISd in money, 
one 9d to ye constable that strain, and y e oyr to James 
Parker and y e Carman that Rides y e wood. 

Mayor's Court, Feb. 23. Daniel Vanolinda doth appear 
here at y e barr and desyres of y e honorable Court y l an 
order may be given that his wife Elisabeth, doghter of 
Marte Cregier may be ordered to goe and Live with him 
where he thinks convenient, since she is his Law full wife, 
and that her father Marte Cregier may be discharged to 
give her any house room or shelter. 

Whereupon y 6 Court doth order y l y e s d Elisabeth his 
wife shall goe and live with him as afores d , and y l Dis- 
charge her father Marte Cregier to shelter her in his house 
or elsewhere upon Penalty as he will answer upon his 
Perill. 



Att a Meeting of Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty in 
y c Citty hall of Albany, y e 30th March, 1697. 

Hend. v. Dyk informs y e Court of an account that Mrs. 
Bradshaw Lays to his charge for bedding and bolsters 
which y 6 Citty have had in ther Custody for y e officers 
use, to y 6 Summe of Eleven Pounds, which summe wee 
think unreasonable, wee doe therefore appoint you Jacobus 
Turk & Joh. Beekman, to goe and vizite y" said bedde &c. 
by Mrs. Bradshaws, and value y e same to y e best of your 
knowledge & understanding what she ought to have for 
y 6 hire of y e same. 

It is Resolved by y 6 mayor, aldermen and commonality 
that a tax shall be layd upon all freeholders within y 6 
Citty of Albany, amounting to y e summe of fifty Pounds, 
and y 1 warrants be issued out to y 6 assessors to make there 
assessment before y e first day of May next ensueing, and 
to deliver y 6 same to y e mayor. 

A payment was ordered to be made to Dirk Wessels of 
moneys expended by him for city purposes as mayor. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y 6 Citty hall of Albany y 6 

6th of April, 1697. 
Annetie widow of Lambert V. Volkenburg, doth this 



22 The City Records. 

day give in a request desyreing of y 6 worshipfull Court, 
since that her conveyance is lost in ye year 1666 by y e 
high water, to have a new conveyance for her s d Lott 
to y e Behooffe off herself and children. Whereupon y e 
worshipfull Court shall order that y 6 Records shall be 
look over in y e year 64, if any thing concerning her Lott 
can be found. 

Mayor's Court, May 4, 1697. Whereas y e Sheriffe In- 
formes y 6 honorable Court that many complaints are made 
that \ e Indian house on j^ hill is broake down & destroyd 
its therefore allowed on by y e mayor & aldermen that y 6 
Traders may Rebuild s d house at there owne Charges, on 
y e Place where it last stood. 

May 18th. John Car deposed that he had twenty-six 
pieces of eight left by an absconded soldier, which it was 
thought had been stolen by the solder, Peter John Dross. 

Whereas the sheriffe the last Court Day gave in the 
complaint to the Court that the Indian house upon the Hill 
is pluss down, and ordered the sheriffe to goe throw the 
handlers and require them to rebuild the house, which hee 
hath done, and as the handlers* refused it, and to be built 
in the same place. 

The mayor and aldermen have in obedience to ane order 
from his Excel, bearing date the 3d May, 1697, to nomber 
what nomber of men and servunts whyte and Black is 
within the Province and what is removed, as also the 
noumber of the 5 Nations and River Indians, have re- 
ferred it to severall committees who are to give a report 
in eight days time. 

Ordered, Jan Janse Bleeker, John Lansing, Albert Ryk- 
man, John Vinhagen, aldermen, to take an exact account 
of the Citty and County of Albany, (Skennectedy except- 
ed), what Inhabitants and residents thar is in the Citty 
and County, and how many are gon out of the County, 
and how many are taken prisoners to Canada, and how 
many killed, and how many remanes. 

Ordered, Johannis Schuyler, Hendrik Hanse, Egbert 
Teunise, to take Inspection of the River and Skackkoo In- 

* Handelaar, trader, The record under this day is in a'different 
hand writing, 



The City Records. 23 

dians, what nomber they were at the beginning of the warr 
and how many they are now, and make thar report to us 
in 8 days time. 

Ordered, Johannes Rosboom, Evert Wendel, Johannis 
Bleeker, and Abraham Schuyler shall take Inspection of 
the 5 Nations Indians, how many they were at the be- 
ginning of the warr, and how many they are now remain- 
ing, and to make report to us, and bring thar names. 

Ordered, Killian Vanrenslaer and Benony Van Corlaer, 
Johannis Dewandelaer & Johannis Mingal to take In- 
spection of what servants whites and blacks were at the 
beginning of the warr, and what now remane, and to sett 
thar names on roll, in the Citty and County, Skennectady 
excepted. 

By the Court has ordered that orders shall be sent to 
Skennectedy'to Sanders Gleen, Adam Vrooman, Daniel 
Jahnson, Isack Switsh & Barent Wemps, shall take an 
account of all the people from 16 to 80 years of age, how 
many they were before the warr, and how many killed, 
and how many are removed, and how many they are now, 
and return the account to us in eight days, comprehend- 
ing thar servants and Negers. 

Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 

the* 17th day of July, 1697. 

Whereas the house of Pr. Verbrugh was last winter in 
hyre for his Excell. Benj. Fletcher's Lodging for four 
months from Nov. 1696 to March 1697, for which he was 
Defrayd from all Charges as keeping of Souldiers, fyre 
wood for y e guards, and other Citty charges, and moreover 
proffered to y 6 s d Pr. Verbrugh for s d hyre y 6 summe of 
five pounds eight shillings Currant money, but not Ex- 
cepted by him, who Demands 7 2s. for s d time. 

It is Concluded by y 6 mayor, aldermen and common 
councill that y e eighty seven pounds two shillings due to 
y 6 Citty of Albany out of y* additional duty when received 
shall be distributed to y 6 following persons, viz 1 : 
Maj. D. Wessels, - 25 

Mr. Levinus V. Skaik, - 25 
Joh. Abeel, - - - - 25 
James Parker, 12 2 87 2 



24 The City Records. 

Wherefore assignations are drawn upon Mr. Abeel, Maj. 
Wessels, Mr. Killiene v. Rensselaer, & Mr. Job. Cuyler, 
dated y 6 7th of July, 1697. 

An assignation drawne to Mr. Bleeker to be paid out of 
y 6 Citty Tax, to 

Antho. v. Shaik, - - /144:3J 
Bay Croevelt, - - - - 186:0 
J. Vinhagen, - - 100 : 

Jacob Meese & Wouter Utthoft, 79 : 16 
Antho. Coster, 100: 

voor Mr. Becker, - - 300 : 

Antho. Bries, - 5T: 

Job. Mingael, - 59: 

Mrs. Bradshaw, - - - 72 : 
Hend. Beekman, 43:16 

Hend. Marcelis, - - 37 : 10 

Alb 1 Ryckman, - 40: 



/ 1209: 05 J 

An assignation to Killiaen Van Rensselaer for Job. 
Becker Jun. out of y e Colony tax, /140: 10 z. 

It is Concluded by y 6 Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
councill that Concerning y e house hyred of Bay groesvelt, 
that y 6 Citty shall Pay for one year, being 5, and that 
the other year doth lay to Mr. Livingston's charges. 

Whereas Mr. Leeft. Oliver doth make his addresse to 
the Court for bedding, since he complains that he is in 
great necessity for want thereof, y e gentn of y 6 Court can 
not fynde that that they are obliged to furnish such sup- 
plies, but in consideration of his Civility, doe give as a, 
gift y 6 summe of five pieces of eight. 

The house of John Vinhagen hyred for y 6 Citty fromy 6 
fifth of July 97 to y 6 5th of July 1698, for 3 18s. the 
house of Joh. Roseboom hyred for y e Citty for Capt. Hyde 
from y 6 15 of June 1697 to y* 15th of June 1698, for 5 
8s. the house of John Lansing from primo May 1697 t< 
primo May, 1698 for 5 8s. 



The City Records. 25 

August 6, 1697. Whereas Martin Cregier of this Citty 
of Albany, Merch 1 , hath by his Certaine false allegations 
made to his Excel. Col. Benj. Fletcher, &c., That hee and his 
Predecessor, John Verbeek has been Possessed upwards 
of Twenty Six years of a Certaine Lott of grounde Lying 
within y 6 said Citty of Albany to y e east of Pearle Street, 
to y 6 south y e highway to y e north anoyr Lott of y* said 
Martin Cregier, to y e west by a small Laine, containing 
in front and rear five Rod or sixty foot, and in Lenth on 
both Sydes Twenty Rod or Two hundred and forty foot, 
English measure, Obtained a Patent for y e same dated in 
N. York y 6 24th day of June 1697, whereby y e said Martin 
Cregier doth now make pretence upon an other Lott of 
grounde on y e north syde of his house standing on y e Pearle 
Street lately Sold to John Cuyler. 

Wee y e Mayor, Aldermen & Commonality have exa- 
mined y 6 said Jan Verbeek, what Right, title or Pretence 
he had sold to y e said Martin Cregier in y 6 said Lott, who 
Positively denyes to have Sold or Transported as afore- 
mentioned, but for more satisfaction y e said John Verbeek 
was taken with a Justice of y 6 Peace and Peter van Wag- 
lum, David Schuyler & Geart Hendrikse as witnesses to y 6 
said ground, and there gave y e following declaration: 

John Verbeek of y 6 Citty of Albany, Yeoman, aged about 
eighty five years, declares upon oath before me y 1 upon y 6 
twenty seventh of May 1687, in Albany, he sold unto 
Martin Cregier of y e said Citty all y e Right and Pretences 
hee had in a certaine Peece of grounde lying and being in 
y 6 Citty of Albany, so as y e same was graunted to him by 
y 6 Authority of Albany on y 6 tenth of May 1671, haveing 
Eastwarde on y e front a Lane, on y e south syde a Lott of 
grounde belonging to y e said Martin Cregier, on y 6 north 
y 6 high way, Runns back from y e northeast end southwest 
into about y e middle of y 6 said Lott of Martin Cregier, and 
saith further that he was intend to build upon said Peece 
of ground had he not been afterwards hindered by y e au^ 
thority aforesaid, and further saith not. 

K. V. RENSSELAER, Justice. 

After y 6 Examination of all Writeings & Evidences re* 
lateing to y 6 aforesaid Lott of ground Pretended by the sayd 

3 



26 The City Records. 

Martin Cregier, on y 6 north side of his houses aforesaid. 
It is Our Opinion that y e said Martin Cregier hitherto 
hath no Right or title as he Pretends : Soe therefore the 
said Martin Cregier, his heirs, executors or assigns what- 
soever, are hereby strictly warned & forbidden now and 
hereafter, not to medle or make with y e said Lott of 
ground pretended as afores d . 

Att a Meeting of the Mayor, Aldermen & Commonality 

y e 5th of Aug. 1697. 

Copy van d Extrait waerop Marte Cregier zyn grant briffe 
geobtendert heeft van d Gov. Benj. fletcher, &c., ge- 
datteert op den 24 Junij, 1697, viz 1 as volg 1 . 

Geextrageert uijt het Register boek der Resolutie van 
Albany, Colonij Rensselaerswijk & Schennechtadij, den 
10 d May, 1671. 

Haer Ed. van den gerechten neergelesen hebbend seeker 
Request waerinne dat geappostilleert staet, dat aen Hans 
Carels Suppet een huijse vergunt wordt om in t woonen 
(ad die Vite) met een Clausele van t Selve te onderhouden 
met behoorlyke Reparatie d welke hij niet & heeft gedaen 
maer ter contrarij enigh Eijserwerk daervan gehaelt ende 
andere verkoght ; soe wort hy daervan gesuspendeert 
ende t selve aen Jan Verbeek vergunt volgens ordree van 
den Ed. Recht. achb. heer generall van N. Yorke. Actum 
ter vegadering van d achb. heeren d Lavall & den Com- 
misserissen In Albany den 10 d meij, 1671. 

was Collat by mij LODWICUS COBES, Secre. ' 

Ick ondergesz Mr. Johannes Verbeek bekenne verkoght 
te hebben aen Marte Cregier Jun. alle myn Actie & Pre- 
tentie van t Erff myn heeft toe behoorende leggen naest 
het huijs daer tegenwoordigh Jeronimus Wendel in woont 
waervoor ick bekenne voldaen en betverte zijn van alle 
het gene mijn heeft toe behoort volgdns het gene hier in 
dit omme staende gesz : staet en dat in presentie van den 
ondergesz : getuijge. was signed, JAN VERBEEK. 

The purport of the above is, that Martin Cregier having complained 
to the governor and council at New York that his tenant Hans Carells 
had not only failed in his agreement to keep the house in repair, but 
had sold some of the iron work belonging to it, thereupon the court 
annulled the lease. Jan Verbeek testified that he had sold to Martin 
Cregier all his right and title in the premises. 



The City Records. 27 

Albany y e 22 d Sept. 1697, in y 6 Citty Hall: Present, 
Jan Janse Bleeker, Recorder, Alb 1 Ryckman, Justice. 

Whereas Pr. Winne, Deceased, of y e manner of Rense- 
laerswyk, in y e County of Albany, by his last will and tes- 
tament dated y 6 day of Desyred y l his Estate of 
Lands, houses, Barns, Berghs, &c., should be apprized by 
indifferent good men, and whereas upon y e 23d Aug. 1697 
Levinus Winne & Casper Leendertz Conyn ad rs of y e one 
part, and Mr. Killiaen van Rensselaer Lord of y 6 manner 
aforesaid of y e other syde as tutor for Daniel Winne, 
youngest sonne & heir of y 6 aforesaid Pr. Winne Deceased, 
made there Request to y 6 mayor of y e Citty of Albany, 
aforesaid, y 1 indifferent persons might be appointed to 
aprize y 6 aforesaid Estate upon oath, whereupon y 6 mayor 
aforesaid did appoint Luykase Gerritz, Pr. Verbrugh, An- 
tho. Bratt, Ja. Lookermans, & Gerrit Van Ness, who this 
day have taken oath to make a true apprizement of all y 6 
Lands, Mills, houses, Barns, Berghs, &c., belonging to y e 
said Pr. Winne Deceased, according to y e best of there 
knowledge and understanding. Who after they made 
calkelation of y e aforesaid Estate of Pr. Winne Deceased, 
gives in a Return and have apprized his said Estate viz 1 , 
his half Island, y e Saw mill and what thereunto is belong- 
ing, the barn, house or hoftstede, fence, Iron worke, Plow 
Egge & oyr small Iron work, &c., to y 6 value of y e summe 
of Eight hundred and sixty Peeces of Eight, at six shil- 
lings Currant Money of New Yorke. Given under there 
'hands and Seales y 6 date aforesaid. 

Albany, 14th of October, 1697. 

This day being appointed by y 6 Charter of y 6 Citty for 
y 6 aldermen of y 6 Respective wards to bring there Returns 
of y 6 aldermen Chosen for y e Ensuing year, which are, 

First Warde. Johannes Schtiyler, Hend. van Renselaer, 
aldermen; Bennony van Corlaer, David Schuyler, assist- 
ants ; Hend. van Dyk, Antho. van Shaik, assessors ; Ja- 
cobus Turke, constable. 

Second Warde. Jan Lansing, Jan van Hagen, alder- 
men; John Bleeker Jim., Evert Wendel Jun., assistants; 
Gerrit Roseboom, Pr. Mingael, assessors; Joh. Harmanse, 
constable. 




28 The City Records. 

Third Warde. Hend. Hanse, Wessel ten Broek, alder- 
men ; Job. Mingael, Egb 1 Teunise, assistants ; Harp 1 Ja- 
cobse, Gerrit van Ness, assessors ; Jacobus Scbuyler, con- 
stable. 

William Hogen, high constable; John Becker, treasurer. 

All sworne. 

Att a Mayor's Court, held at y e Citty Hall of Albany, 
ye 9th day of Nov., 1697, 

Jacobus Turke vs. Alida Schuyler. The plaintiff de- 
mands y e summe of one Pound seven shillings, with 28|lbs 
Bever a 10s. per Ib. 

The Court is of opinion that no Judgem 1 kan be given 
ag l def 1 , since they fynde y l she doth not lawfully admin- 
ister her husband's Estate, and Declares that she hath no 
movable goods of his, doth therefore Desyre y l the Plantiv 
to have patience till such time y l her Eldest sonne hath 
his age, and for more satisfaction to y 6 PI. y e oversiers of 
y 6 Defts Children being Abraham & David Schuyler, who 
doe Personally, appear, and Promise y 1 when ever y e Defts 
Eldest Sonne hath his age, y l they Engage to see y e PI. 
duely & honestly Paid, & y l y 6 Plaintive shall be consid- 
ered for y 6 time he hath been out of his money, to which 
y 6 Plentive doth consent. 

Patrick Macgregorij doth Desyre to know from what is 
Due from y 6 Citty to his father in law, Hend, Marselis 
Deceased, and further y 1 he may be permitted to enter 
into y 1 service which his father in law subdued, which y a 
Court say they will take into consideration. 

Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty hall of Albany 
y 6 9th of Nov. 1697. 

Whereas it is concluded by y e Mayor, Aldermen & Com- 
monality that a warrant be issued to y e assessors Ernme- 
diately to make there assessm 1 upon y e Inhabitants of y e 
Citty for three hundred load of fyre wood for y c suppley 
of y e guards, in y 6 space of three days ensuing this date, 
and to be delivered to Mr. Mayor. 

November 23. Whereas it is by the Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty concluded, who have appointed John 






The City Records. 29 

Ratecliffe as Citty Porter, instead of Hend. Marselis De- 
ceased, that is upon all occasionable times to open and shutt 
y e gates of this Citty, especially in y e mornings and in y 6 
evenings at y e appointed time, as also to attend the Church 
Ringing of y e bell on all occasions, for which he is to re- 
ceive yearly eight and twenty Pieces of Eight, at six 
shillings, and to be'paid quarterly, moreover he y e s d John 
Ratecliffe is to attend y e Burger Guards, to keep them 
clain, and to ma*ke every evening a fyre, wherefore he is 
to receive Three Pence per Diem, who hath made oath to 
be true. 

It is also Concluded, and y e following Persones Ap- 
pointed for a Committee being Johannes Schuyler, Jan 
Lansing & Wessell ten Brook aldermen, Bennony V. Cor- 
laer, Evert Wendel & Eghb 1 Teunise, assistants, to In- 
spect y e books & accounts belonging to y 6 Citty & County 
of Albany, which are now in hands of William Hogen, 
and y l warning be given to sd Hogen to have s d books & 
accounts ready in order to be delivered over, and that y 6 
Committee shall make there Report next Court day, and 
that Anthony Bratt Treasurer shall attend s d Committee, 
and receive all y e bookes and accounts relating to this 
Citty & County from William Hogen, who this Day hath 
made oath. 

Whereas Pr. Verbrugh, eldest sonne of Joh. Verbrugh, 
Deceased, appears and makes Pretence to four Lotts of 
Grounde Lyeing on Plain, now in possession of Coll. Pr. 
Schuyler, Jan Janse Bleeker, Albert Rykman & Phillip 
Freest, by a Patent of his father aforesaid, dated y e 10th 
of July, 1667, which he this Day doth Transport Convey 
and make over to y 6 mayor, aldermen & commonality all 
his right, title and interest thereunto for summe certain 
consideration. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y e Citty hall of Albany, 
y 6 7th of Dec. 1697. 

Hend. Hanse petitioned that " Two Sufficient Persons 
may be appointed to Inspect his father's Bookes, which 
are in his hands, in what Posture they stand." Jan Janse 
Bleeker and Hendrik van Renselaer were appointed. 



30 The City Records. 

The committee appointed to inspect the city accounts 
obtained an extension of time to report. 

December 21. The Retailing of Strong Liquor to y 6 
Indians forbidden for one month Ensueing y e Date, upon 
y 6 Penalty of forty shillings. 

Dec, 22. It is Proclaimed y l all Persons who Enter in 
y 6 gates of y e Citty with slees & horses, horseback and 
oyrwise, shall not ride faster than foot tapp throughout 
y e streets upon Penalty of three shillings for each offence. 
The Justices of y 6 Citty and County after they have 
vizited y e Citty's arrearages are aggreed and concluded, 
and doe Promise and Contribute thereunto from y e 14th 
of October 1696 to y e 14th of October 1697, as follows: 
Capt. Gerrit Teunise for Catskill, - 22 

Mr. Hend. van Rensselaer for Colony, 10 

Pr. Vosburgh for Kinderhoek, - - - -21 
Johannes Glenn for Shennechtady, - - 11 

64 

It likewise aggreed to y 6 following wood to ride between 
this and y 6 15 January, 179: 

Patroon van Rensselaer, 160 for James Parker, 0: 12s 
Capt. Gerrit Teunise, 120 idem, - - 12 

Pr. Vosburgh, - . 140 " 12 

Shennechtady, - 12 

420 The City,- - 1 : 10 

3: 18s 



Att a meeting of y 6 Common Councill y 6 22 d Jan. 169|. 

It is thought convenient by y 6 News of y e Peace that 
one or two houses be made upon y 6 hill, for y 6 Indians, as 
formerly, and Care shall be taken for to have y e Materi- 
alls ready to build in y 6 Spring by all y e Traders who doe 
any wise Pretend to y e same. 

January 26. Whereas wee are informed y 1 Judge W. 
Pynehoorn, Coll. Pr. Schuyler, D e G. Dellius, Mayor D. 
Wessels, & C. Ev* Banker, have obtained from his Excell. 
Coll. B. Fletcher, &c., a Certain Patent for y e Mohoggs 



The City Records. 31 

Country, one of y 6 five Nations, which y 6 Commonality 
takes as a great Prejudice to y e Citty and County. Upon 
which y e Common Council Desyred y e Recorder y l a gene- 
rall meeting should be held to have a right understanding 
of y 6 matter, who acquainted y e Mayor therewith ; So y 6 
Mayor appointed y e 28th of this Instant to hold a Com- 
mon Council. 

January 28. Whereas y 6 Commonality in generall are 
sensible of y e Prejudice which y e Patent for y e Mohoggs 
Country will come to, have therefore thought convenient 
to Discourse y 6 matter with Coll. Pr. Schuyler, D. God. 
Dellius, and Mr. Wessells, who are three of ye Parteners 
in said Patent, to understand y 6 ground thereof; and to 
endeavor to have y e said Patent Resigned to this Citty ; 
whereupon y e aforesaid Pateners were sent for, but came 
to no conclusion, upon which y 6 Commonality Desyred y e 
mayor to appoint another day for them to convene, who 
appointed the 4th of Feb., 169|. 

February 4. Whereas y e Commonality for y e 3d time 
doth Reply there grevance ags 1 y e Patent for y 6 Mohogs 
Countrey to y 6 mayor, who is one of y e Patteners, where- 
upon y e Mayor advised y 6 Recorder to appoint a commit- 
tee to hold a conference with him and Col. Pr. Schuyler 
and D. G. Dellius, who are likewise therein concerned, 
who hath appointed Hend. van Rensselaer, Hend. Hanse, 
aldermen, Joh. Bleeker & Eghb 1 Teunise, assistants, are 
to returne a Report of there Proceedings. 

February 7. Whereas y 6 Committee doe Returne that 
since they were Impowered by y e Recorder and Common- 
ality y 6 4th of February 169, to hold conference with y e 
three Parteners concerned in y e Patent for y 6 Mohogs 
Contrey and to Discourse y e same with them, though have 
had no meetings with them, being y e mayor Returned them 
on y 6 fifth instant, that Do. Gode. Dellius Reported y 1 he 
would doe nothing concerning y e matter, but would first 
acquaint Judge Pynehorn & Mr. Banker there Parteners, 
at N. Yorke, and then he would Consider ; and y 1 Coll. 
Schuyler Reported y 1 he thought that said Patent was as 
safe in his hands as in y e Cittyes. 

Upon y e Report of Coll. Peter Schuyler & Do. God. 



32 The City Records. 

Dellius, concerning y e Patent of y 6 Mohogs Countrey, 
hath y e Recorder, Aldermen & Commonalty thought con- 
venient and very requisite for y 6 benefite of this Citty to 
appoint two men out of y 6 meeting, and have appointed 
Alderman Hend. Hanse, and David Schuyler Assistant, 
who shall goe to New Yorke from hence y e 15th day of 
y 6 Instant, and to apply there greevance by an addresse 
to his Excell. how Prejudiciall y e afores d Patent will be 
to this Citty and County if it stands in force ; wherefore 
they are allowed and shall receive each upon account of 
y 6 Citty y 6 summe of six shillings per day upon their owne 
charges, commencing y e aforesaid date till such time they 
are cald home. 

February 17. Whereas Wee y e Recorder. Aldermen & 
Commonality of y e Citty of Albany are given to under- 
stand that Coll. Pr. Schuyler, Dirk Wessels, William Pin- 
home, D: God: Dellius & Evert Banker, have to themselfs 
procured a Patent for y e Mohogs Lands (which wee doe 
forsee will be the utter Ruine to the generall trade and 
commerce of this Citty) Wee therefore Doe Constitute & 
appoint Henry Hanse & David Schuyler our agents to goe 
for Yorke, and Endeavor by y e most proper Meanes and 
applications Possible a Redresse so Destructive to the 
gennerall good of this Place, and whatsoever the said 
Henry Hanse and David Schuyler shall act and doe in 
this case, wee shall esteem it as done by ourselfs : given 
under our hands in Albany y e 17th day of February 169|, 
was signed by y 6 Recorder and all y e Aldermen and Com- 
monality except H. V. R. and Wessel ten Broek. 

It is concluded y 1 y e agents shall go to New Yorke from 
hence y e 21st of y e Instant, from which time there Pay 
Runns on. 

April 11. At a meeting of the mayor, aldermen, jus- 
tices of the peace and common council, it is resolved upon 
thai the mayor and recorder shall at present make there 
address to his Excellency my Lord Balimont, and in thar 
name congratulate his happy arrival to the Government, 
and because many of them are absent and wanting out of 
the place, they will unanimously agree to congratulate 
his Excell. in the best form they can by there address in 
writing. 



The City Recwds. 33 

Resolved upon, whereas wee expect ane order for pro- 
clamation of the peace, wee have ordered that it shall be 
done with all the honor or respect wee can, the charges to 
come upon the Citty and County, and in the mean time 
all persons are to clean the streets from fire wood and 
filth in the space of three days after the date hereof, under 
the forfeiting of all the fire wood and three shillings fine. 
It is likewise resolved upon that the Bonfire shall be made 
being the king's Coronation day, near to the old Fort, 
and in no other place. 

May 7. The agents Hendrik Hanse alderman and Da- 
vid Schuyler assistant, appointed for y e Representing y e 
greevance of this Citty and Corporation unto y e Governor 
and Councill in N. Yorke, having laid before y e Common 
Councill y 6 Peticon they made to his Excell. Coll. Fletcher 
y e late Govr. & Councill y e order thereupon as also y e 
addresse and petition to his Excell. y e Earle of Bellomont 
y 6 present governor, which was read and approved by y 6 
whole board, and thereupon resolved that they will ef- 
fectually Prosecute y e said affair until they have perfect 
relieffe from y 6 violence and injury done them in taking 
y 6 Maquase Land from y 6 Indians, in Prejudice of y e In- 
dian Trade of y 6 said Citty, and doe hereby appoint Jan 
Janse Bleeker, Recorder, and Rob 1 Livingstone, to attend 
his Excel. & Council in y e Pursute of y e same & to procure 
y 6 best Counsel they can have for there assistance, and y 6 
charge that shall accrue thereupon shall be paid by y e 
Treasurer of y e said Citty out of y 6 Publick Revenue of y 6 
same. 

May 9. The mayor did represent to y e Common Coun- 
cill y 6 great trouble he dayly has in quartering y e Souldiers 
y e People being so weary of them ; and therefore desyres 
to know y e Common Councill's opinion whether it is not 
better to let y e Souldiers Remain in there old quarters 
till further orders, then to make a new quartering. 

The Common Councill are of opinion y 1 y e Souldiers 
remain in there old quarters till orders from my Lord Bel- 
lomont, Gov. Gen., which is expected speedily. 

Whereas it hath been resolved to Ride wood for y 6 
building an Indian house upon the hills for y e accommo- 



34 The City Records. 

dation of y 6 Indians, ordered th at Capt. Johannes Bleeker, 
Mynd 1 Schuyler, Job. Roseboom, & Abr. Cuyler, doe pro- 
cure y e materials, cause y 6 same to be built, keep y 6 ac- 
count thereof, and then make an assessment upon all those 
y 1 make profession of Trade with y e Indians for y 6 same, 
which y 6 Constable are ordered to levy upon Pain of dis- 
tresse, & in Reguarde y 1 there will be some difficulty in 
Pitching of y e Place where y 6 s d house shall stand, ordered 
y 1 Mr. Hend. van Rensselaer, & Albert Ryckman, & Ben- 
oni van Corlaer doe lay out y 6 grounde where y 6 s d houses 
is to be sett. 

The Common Councill have under there consideration 
a Patent granted lately by y 6 late Gov. Coll. Fletcher, of 
six miles square at Skakhook, wherein y e 50 acres belong- 
ing to y 6 Citty by there charter is included and environed 
whereby they not only are deprived of the Benefitte of y 6 
land for Range for there catle, wood for fireing and build- 
ing, but also will be prejudicial to y 6 trade of y 6 time if 
any should setle there who will trade with y 6 Indians in 
Reguarde y e s d place is Principally desyred by y 6 Citty for 
y 6 settling of such nations of Indians as should desert 
Canada or New England or other parts. 

Upon y 6 which matter y e Councill did Propose to y' s d 
Hend. van Rensselaer: 

1. If he would Resign and Release his s d Patent for y e 
behooffe of y 6 Citty they will give him 50 acres low land 
in any part of his Patent with free outdrift for his catle, 
fireing and timber, for his building and fireing if such a 
quantity can be founde provided it is not neere to y e 500 
acres belonging to y 6 Citty, and y 1 he doe not setle it be- 
fore y 6 Citty setle theres. 

2. Otherwise the Common Councill Propose to pay y e 
s d Henry van Rensselaer his charges in procuring of y 6 s d 
Patent and over and above a peece of Plate for his trouble. 

3. Or, they also Proferr him 50 Ib in money for y e Re- 
signation of his Patent Intirely. 

Upon which y e s d Hendrik van Rensselaer did answer 
y 6 Common Councill y 1 he would grant y e Citty forever 
free grazeing for there cattle, free wood for building, 
fencing and fireing, in any part of his said Patent, but y 6 



The City Records. 35 

soile he Reserved to himself, and y e settling upon any part 
thereof at pleasure; but if they would have the Patent 
intirely, he Expected y e some of one hundred pounds, 
which y 6 s d Hend. Rensselaer desyred to be entered downe. 

Upon which y 6 Common Councill Replyed y l in Reguard 
he had taken y e whole into his Patent without purchasing 
y e same of y e Indians, both y 1 which belongs to y 6 Citty 
and y 1 without there bounds, if he would justify y e Indians 
for y 6 whole, and give them an ample and legall convey- 
ance of y 6 whole six mile square, they would give him one 
hundred pounds. 

Ordered, y 1 y e agents appointed for y 6 Prosecution of y 6 
Businesse of y e Maquase Land, doe also endeavoure by all 
lawfull means possible to procure y e vacating y 6 Patent of 
Hend. van Rensselaer, lately granted him by y 6 late Gov. 
Col. Fletcher, off land at Skackhoek, which is to y 6 ex- 
tream dammage of y 6 Citty of Albany, in Reguarde y 6 
500 acres graunted to y 6 Citty is principally for y e settle- 
ment of Indians for trade, and if Private men shall setle 
there then y 6 trade of y 6 Toune with those Indians is 
Ruined. 

Whereas diverse Persons have obtained a Patent of y e 
late Gov. Coll. Fletcher, for y e Maquase country, to ye 
great Prejudice of y 6 Indian trade of this Citty of Albany, 
and although application hath been made in y 6 behalfe of 
y 6 s d Citty to y 6 late Gov. for y e vacating y e same by 
Hend. Hanse alderman, and David Schuyler assistant, 
appointed for that purpose, there was not any redresse 
upon which they did peticon & addresse his Excell. y 6 Earle 
of Bellomont our present Gov. who is pleased to order a 
hearing of y e said matter before himself and council of 
this present May, and whereas Hend. van Rensselaer hath 
also obtained another Patent of y e said late Gov. Coll. 
Fletcher, for Land called Skackhoek, which is also verry 
prejudiciall to y- interests of y 6 s d Citty, now wee Repos- 
ing especial trust in y e integrity and fidelity of our well 
beloved friends Joh. Janse Bleeker recorder of our s d Citty, 
and Robert Livingston clerk of ye same, and have unani- 
mously elected, authorised and impowered them to be our 
agents in these affaires, and to attend his Excell. and 



36 The City Records. 

Council, in y^ prosecution and pursuit of y e same, and pro- 
cure y e best councill they can have for there assistance, 
certifying and declaring by these presents y l we will Rati- 
fy, Confirm and allow such and all thing and things what- 
soever our s d trusty and well beloved Jan Janse Bleeker 
and Robert Livingston shall doe or cause to be done, in 
and about y" premises, in as ample manner as we y 6 al- 
dermen and commonality of y" s d Citty of Albany had been 
there present in our own persons, and had done ye same. 
In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and 
sealed y e same with y e seale of our Citty this 10th day of 
May, 1698, in y 6 6th year of his present mag's reign. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in Albany May 10, 1698. 

Alida wid of Pr.Davidse Schuyler agt. Dirk Alberse 
Brat. Y e PI. demands of y e Def 1 in y e behalf of her moyr 
widow Slechtenhorst of Sopus, y 6 some of 37 gilders in 
bevers as per account, and shows an extract of her moyrs 
Book sworne to by Jacob Rutse Justice of y 6 peace of 
Kingstone. Y e Def 1 absent, but John Gilbert appears in 
his behalf and says y 1 he has nothing to object against y 6 
acc't but y 1 y e PI. gives credit only for 10 gl. 2. and a ps 
of 8. The court grants judgment against Dirk Brat Al- 
bertse and orders him to pay y e PL as atturney of her 
moyr, y 6 some of 55s. 6d with costs of sute. 

Hillebrant Lootman against Johannes Schuyler. This 
was an action to recover 52 pieces of eight for cattle and 
poultry sold the defendant, which the latter proved he had 
paid to Peter Schuyler by plaintiff's order. Verdict for 
defendant. 

June 7. Johannis Cuyler against Martin Cregier. The 
plaintiff and defendant being called up, the defendant ap- 
peared by his wiffe, who declared that her husband was 
sick in bed and could not come to the courtt, and desyred 
the court to adjourne, and desires another court day, 
which was granted to her, to appear the next court day. 

June 21. Same parties. The Plentive produces in 
Court a Contract dated in Albany y 6 10th day of May, 
1697, whereby he bought of y 6 Defts there certain houses 
and Lott of grounde, with all y 6 full Right of y 6 same, ac- 



The City Records. 37 

cording to y 6 Patents, scituate, lyeing and being here in 
Albany towards the hills, on Parle street upon y e corner 
where they at that time lived in, y e defts were bound to 
make Deliverance and Legall Transport of y e Premises y 3 
first of August then ensueing, whereupon y 6 plaintiff made 
payment y 6 2d of August y e summe of three hundred and 
fourty Peeces of Eight (being one hundred & two pounds) 
Currant Money of this Province, at which same day y* 
Defts delivered possession of y e corner house to Jillis 
Fonda and Rachel his wife for account of y e plaintiff. The 
4th of said month of August, y 6 defts being wholly moved 
and then was further Possession of y 6 old house given to 
the PI. with open doors, at which same time y e PI. with 
Jillis Fonda aforesaid and Abraham Schuyler put in y e 
fore Room divers Casks and some Planks, and in y e Room 
behynde some Oak Timber. The 5th ditto y e PI. finding 
y 6 said Old house possessed again by y e Defts, taken 
by an usurped power in which they still continue. The 
PI. therefore humbly desyres Judgm 1 of y 6 worshipfull 
Court y 1 y 6 Defts may be ordered forthwith to make full 
Performance and Legall Transport of said Premises ac- 
cording to s d Contract dammage five hundred Pounds Cur- 
rant Money aforesaid with Costs of Sute. 

The Defts. saith y 1 y 6 Plentive has not performed his 
paym 1 of y e Contract, and that they sent him a Transport 
by two good men which y 6 Plentive Refused by reason it 
was not sufficient, but afterwards y e Defendant confessed 
y 1 he had received of y* Plentive y 6 payment which he 
mentions in his Declaration. 

The PI. acknowledges they sent him a transport, which 
was produced and read in court, y 6 Plentive alledges that 
y 6 same was not sufficient, because y 1 Jan van Eps and 
Gerrit Banker and his wife have given no Transport yett 
to Marte Cregier or his wife. 

Whereupon y 6 following Petty Jury were called and 
Oath given: 

Alb 1 Ryckman, foreman Rutg Melgertz 
Jan Nack Gerrit Lansing 

Gerrit Luykasse Warner Carstense 

Isaac Verplank Jonath Broadhurst 



38 The City Records. 

Antho Bries Antho Bries 

William Hogen Pieter Mingael 

The Jury Brings in there verdict y 1 y e Defendants shall 
forthwith deliver y 6 PI. y 6 houses and Lott of grounde, 
according to contract, and that the Plentive shall Pay no 
Interest for y 6 Remainder of y e money untill the Defend- 
ants shall deliver unto y 6 Plentive a Legall Transport. 

The Court approves of y 6 verdict of y 6 Jury and gives 
Judgment accordingly against y 6 Defendants with Costs of 
Sute. 

By the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of the Citty 
of Albany. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas wee are sencible of y 6 great Inconvenience 
which y 6 selling and giveing of strong drink to y 6 Indians 
will approach to at this present Juncture while his Excell 
the Governour is expecting to make Proposition therewith 
wee doe therefore hereby strikly JProhibite and forbid in 
his maj es name, y 1 no Inhabitants of y 6 Citty and County 
of Albany doe sell or give any Rom, Brandy, Strong Liquor 
or Beer to any Indian or Indians, upon any pretence 
whatsoever, upon y 6 Penalty of forfeiting five Pounds, but 
always Provided that it shall and may be in the power of 
y e mayor, aldermen and commonality of y e s d Citty if they 
see cause to give any small quantity of Rom to any Sachems 
who comes here about Publicke Bussinesse. Given in 
Albany y 6 llth day of July, 1698. 

Which Prohibition is to stand in force for y 6 space of 
Eight days Ensuing this date. God save the king. 

Att a Common Councill held in Albany y 6 2 d day of 

August, 1698. 

The Common Councill are unanimously of opinion to 
address his Excell y e Earl of Bellomont on the following 
heads : 

1. To thank his Lordship for bringing y e joyfull news 
of y e Peace. 

2. To acquaint his Lordship y e great hardships this 
poor Citty has labored under for these 9 years dreadful 




PLAN OF ALBANY, 1695. 

1. The Fort. I 7. Blockhouses. 

2 Dutch Calvinist Church. Dr. Dellius 8. Stailt House. 

p asl o r . 9. A great Gun to clear a gulley. 

3. German Lutheran Church. 

4. Tts burying place 

5. Dutch Calviuist burying place. 



10 Stockade. 

11. City Gates, six in all. 



The City Records. 39 

and bloody warr, during which time they have not only 
been at an Excessive Charge and Expense in quartering 
y 6 officers and souldiers sent hither from time to time, but 
have been obliged, for their own security, to fortify j* 
toune twice with Pallesadoes, and build 5 blockhouses, 
all at their own charge which hath so much impoverished 
y 6 Inhabitants y l most have deserted. 

3. That this Citty doth wholly rely and depend upon 
y 6 Indian Trade, upon which account it was first settled, 
and have obtained a Charter whereby y 6 sole trade with 
y 6 Indians is confined within y e walls of s d Citty, doth 
therefore humbly addresse his L d p to protect and defend 
them in there Rights and Priviledges, and doe thank his 
L d p for his gieat trouble and care in treating with y e 5 
nations for y e Publike good and advantage to this Citty, 
and doe further return there best thanks for y e good In- 
structions j* L d p hes been pleased to give them, assuring 
his L d p that they will not be wanting in useing there 
utmost endeavours to unite all parties, and restore this 
Citty to its privileges and rights ; that they will also ob- 
serve all y 6 oyr articles mentioned in his L d ps instructions. 

4. That they return there hearty thanks to his maj y for 
his care in sending an Ingenier to Inspect into y 6 condition 
of this poor fronteer, and in Reguard there is an old Rotten 
wooden fort which is not fitt for y 6 Defence of y 6 Place if 
warr should suddenly happen, doe humbly pray y 1 your 
L d p would Represent unto his maj e or to y e assembly, y 1 
a stone fort may be built for y e security of these fronteers 
which will prevent y e Desertion of y 6 Inhabitants and 
Incourage all people to stay and defend there lives and 
fortunes. 

5. They doe farther represent y 1 y 6 quartering of y 6 
souldiers has been extreamly chargeable and troublesome 
during y e late warr, and hope now in y e time of peace they 
may be Relieved of y 1 trouble, doe therefore humbly pray 
y 1 his Lordship would be pleased to order y 1 some con- 
venient places may be allotted for y 6 quartering of y 6 offi- 
cers and souldiers either in y e fort or by building Berghs 
or fitting up y e Blockhouses, as his L d p shall in his great 
wisdom think fitt. 



40 The City Records. 

Att a Mayors Courdt held in Albeaney y e 23 l day of 
August, 1698: Present, Jan Janse Bleeker recorder, 
Jan Lansing, Jan Vinhagell, Hend. Hanse, Wessell 
Ten Broeke, aldermen. 

John Gilberdt vs. Claes Luijkasse. The Plan 1 sayes 
he hes fouynde y e Def 1 upon y e helles once or Tweyce for 
to fetch y 6 Indians douyne and y e Def 1 and y e Plan 1 had 
an agreemendt of 18 gillders for y e mis be havoyer. 

The Plan 1 and y e Def 1 hes agreed, and the charges of y e 
Courd comes upon y 6 Def 1 . 

In Common Council, October. 14, 1698. 

This day Henry Hanse is sworn mayor of the Citty, 
and hes taken the oath given him by the Hon. Col. Pieter 
Schuyler, one of his majesties Counsel. 

The returns of the aldermen for there respective wards 
for the choosing of new ones being made, and for the first 
warde are chosen, 

First Ward. Johannis Schuyler, Hend. van Rensselaer, 
aldermen; Jacobus Turk, Hendrik Oothout, assistants; 
Antho van Schayk, Benony van Curlaer, assessor ; Cas- 
per van Hoosen, constable. 

Second Ward. John Vinhagel, Johannis Cuyler, alder- 
men; Johannis Bleeker, Evert Wendel, assistants; Isaac 
Verplank, Gysbert Marselis, assessor; Abraham Kipp, 
constable. 

Third Ward. Wessel ten Broek, Albert Rykman, alder- 
men ; Johannis Mingael, Garret van Ness, assistants ; An- 
thony Bratt, Harpert Jacobs, assessors; Ryer Garretse, 
constable. 

Johannes Harmesen, high constable; Anthony Bratt, 
treasurer. 

Mayor's Court, Oct. 18. John Gilbert demands for 
trespass 12; Steph a Groesbeek def 1 , answers that he 
made an agreement for eight and a half pieces of eight. 
William Jotlyn aged 42 was called and testified; the jury 
decided for the plaintiff, which the court approved. 

Upon the request of Johannes Harmesen, for the per- 
mitting to remove his present house and to advance some 



The City Records. 41 

foots of his ground northward. The mayor appointed a 
committee to investigate the matter. 

In Common Council!, Nov. 15, 1698. 

Johannes Harmesse appears again and requesting still 
to y e mayor, recorder, aldermen and assistants convened 
in Common Councill, for y e Liberty y l he may upon his 
Lott of ground in Parle Street adjacent to y 6 west of his 
Corner house to buildt a Kitchen of fifteen foot squaer, 
and to make his fence from y e north west corner of 8 d 
Kitchen that it bee Regular with y e corner of Johannes 
Rosebooms gate, next to s d Rosebooms new house. The 
appointed aldermen and assistants bring in there Report 
y 1 it would be prejudiciall in the highway between y e 
stockadoes. The Commonality considered y e matter and 
doe garand y 6 Petitioners Request of fifteen foot wood 
measuer Provided he shall Beld y 6 frondt east and west. 

The mayor appoints Joh. Schuyler, Jan Vinhagell and 
Albert Ryckman aldermen, with Jacob Turke, Joh. Bleeker 
and Geret van Ness assistance, to view y e City Stockadoes 
what quantity there shall want to be Ride this winter for 
reparing y e same and bring in there report next Cordt day. 

A cominitte was also appointed to examine the accounts 
of the treasurer for the past year. 

Proclamation of the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen. 

Whereas Complaints is made y 1 some of y ? Inhabitants 
doe undertake to Cutt or Brake Down and take Diverse 
of the Citty Stokadoes, these are therefore in his maj's 
name to forbid all persons whatsoever to Cutt, Breek, or 
take any more of s d Stokadoes upon forfeit for each of 
them six shillings currant money of this Province, which 
fine shall be paid by the Contra ventors, and if committed 
by Children or Servants then the Parents or Masters shall 
be Layable for y e same, which Benefitt shall be to y 6 
sheriffe of this Citty and County, in doeing whereof this 
shall be his sufficient warrant. Dated in Albany in the 
Citty Hall, this 15th day of Nov., 1698. 

By order of the Court. 

God Bless King William. 

ROBT. LIVINGSTON Clerk. 



42 The City Records. 

Nov. 21. The Common Couynsell have thought Con- 
venient for y 6 security of y 6 Citty to appoindt six persons 
to be fyre masters for y 6 ensueing yeare to Terminadte y 6 
14th of October next, and those nominate for y 6 first 
warde are Dirk vander Heyden and Jan Rosie ; for y 6 
second warde Johannes Appel and Isaac Verplank; and 
for y 6 third warde William Claese and Thomas Harmesse, 
who were sent for, and all appearing were strickley 
charged to inspect narrowly all places y 1 might in danger 
ariey fyer or inconvenience, and the former fyer masters 
are discharged and thanked for their service. 

By the Mayor. 

Whereas by order of y 6 Common Councill of this Citty, 
dated y 6 21st day of this instant November 6 persons were 
nominated to be fyre masters for y e ensueing year who 
have been round in each ward and viewed all places where 
fires are kept and where fother and oy r combustible mat- 
ter is dangerously kept, and whereas y 6 s d six persons 
have found several places very dangerous and inconvenient 
to have fires kept in them, of which y e people are fore- 
warned to break them down or repare them, in order 
therefore y 1 such dangerous places should be Removed, it 
is hereby ordered y 1 if y 6 owners or possessors of such 
dangerous places have not removed and repared y 6 same, 
y 1 they severally pay as a fine for y e behooffe of y 6 s d fyre 
masters three shillings for each offence, and y 6 s d fire 
masters are ordered to break downe and remove any such 
dangerous chimney, hearth, oven, or any other place y 1 
might endanger y e Citty, in doing whereof this shall be to 
you a sufficient warrant. Given under my hand and seale 
in Albany y e 25 of November, 1698. 



Att a Mayors Court held in Albany y 6 29 of Nov. 1698. 
Present, Hend. Hanse mayor, Jan Janse Bleeker re- 
corder, Johannes Schuyler, Hend. Rensselaer, Johan- 
nes Cuyler, Jan Vinhagell, Albert Ryckman, Wessel 
Ten Broek. 

yes, yes, yes. 

Silence is commanded in the Court whilst y 6 Mayor and 



The City Records. 43 

Aldermen of his Majesties Citty of Albany are sitting, 
upon pain of Imprisonment. 

Al manner of persons y 1 have any thing to doe at this 
Mayor's Court, lett them draw neer, and give there at- 
tendance. God save King William. 

John Fine Plantif, Asueres Marsellis Deft. 

The Cordt being adjourned till ye next Cordt day. 

Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty of Albany, 

y 6 29 day of November, 1698. 

The Conveyance of y e Severs Creek made by y e mayor, 
aldermen and commonalty for y 6 behooffe of y e Dutch 
Reformed Church of y e Citty of Albany, dated y 6 4 of Oct. 
1689, being produced by Maj. Dirk Wessels and Jan Lan- 
sing elders, and William Claese and Anthony Bries dea- 
kons, doe Remonstrate y l y* s d Conveyance is not soe full 
as y e same was purchased of y 6 Citty, and since that some 
have made there application to the Church to have y e 
Privilege of Erecting another Sawmill there, they desire 
in reguard there is some defect in y e s d Transport, that 
they may have all y 6 Citty's right and title to y e whole 
Bever Creek, and will pay for y 6 same as they can agree. 
Whereupon it is agreed by y 6 Common Councill and y 6 s d 
Two Elders and Two Deakons deputed by y 6 Consistory 
as follows ; y 4 y 6 s d Dutch Reformed Church is to have all 
y 6 Cittys Right & Title to y 6 s d Bevers kill from y e bounds 
of Marte Gerritse deceased and so upwarde into y e woodds 
as farr as y 6 Cittys Right goes, and "25 Rod of Land in 
breadth on both sides of y e s d Bevers kill to begin at y 6 
bounds of Capt. Marte Gerritse deceased, and ends at y 6 
westernmost part of y e dam above y e Saw mill erected by 
Melgert Wynantse, for which Creek and Land as aforesaid 
y e Elders and Deakons of y 6 Dutch Reformed Church for 
y 6 time being are to pay for y e behooffe of y e Citty of Al- 
bany y e some of twenty pounds, to be paid in three pay- 
ments, viz 1 , eight pound ye 31 of Dec. next, eight pound 
y 6 31 of December 1699, and four pounds y 6 31 of Decem'r 
1700, always provided and it is agreed by both partyes y 1 
if ever y 6 Deakons and Elders of y 6 Dutch Reformed 
Church of Albany for y 6 time being shall see Convenient 



44 The City Records. 

to Cause to be erected another Sawmill on y e s d Creek 
besides y 6 Sawmill erected by Melgert Wynantse y l then 
Nanning Harmense and Frederik Harmense have y e per- 
ference to erect the same, in regard they have first peti- 
tioned for y 6 same, they agreeing with y 6 Church for y e s d 
Priviledge, and y e s d Elders and Deacons doe promise to 
enter the clause and agreement about y e s d Two persons 
in there Church Book accordingly. 

The Committee appointed to Inspect what Stockadoes 
shall be wanting to fill up y e vacant places and repare y e 
walls about y e s d Citty, doe find y 1 it will take at least 14 J 
Rod to make up the breaches. 

Ordered, that there be 30 Rod of Stockadoes Rid this 
winter for y e behooffe of y e Citty, to make up and repare 
those places that are already broke downe about y e walls, 
and may decay before spring. 

The Committee appointed to inspect y e Citty accounts, 
and to Call y e Treasurer to an account, doe Report y l in 
Reguard there be severall accounts not approved, which 
they can not allow without y 6 Concurrence of y e whole 
Common Councill, doe therefore desyre y f y 6 s d account 
may be Inspected by y 6 whole Common Councill, and y 1 
y 6 Treasurer Render his account to y e Commonality. 

Which Report is approved. 

[Here follows a list of papers that were found in the 
possession of Jan Becker deceased, which are enumerated 
in Dutch, and were transmitted to Johannes Groenendyk, 
sheriff, who made oath in Dutch to take proper charge of 
them. They consisted of wills, contracts and agreements 
between individuals, &c., of which he had been made the 
depositary, either because the depositors had confidence in 
him, or by virtue of his office as sheriff, or notary. On 
the margin is an entry made at a later period, as follows :] 

Albany, y e llth of July, 1704. Then Received into y e 
Clarks office by order of Johannes Schuyler Esq., Mayor, 
and in y e presence of Johannes Cuyler Esq., alderman, 
from Delia y 6 wife of Johannis Groenendyke y e papers ac- 
cording to y e aforewritten List. Excepte y e following 
writteings, viz 1 , y 6 howelijks voorwarde between Douw 
Ankes and Maria Viele, the Testament of Dirk Teunise 






The City Records. 45 



van Vechten, the Testament of Jan Verbeek and y 6 Tes- 
tament of Jan Rosie. 

By me, R l LIVINGSTON JUN., D. Ck. 
A meeting of the common council and justices was or- 
dered on the 27th December to consult upon the debt of 
the city and county, and the raising of money to meet 
the expenses of government. 

Mayor's Court, Dec. 13, 1698. 

John Fine vs Ahasueris Marcelis. The Plentive com- 
plains against y 6 Defendant by Declaration for taking 
away his wood from y e River side, and that y e Defendants 
wife did call him y e s d Jan Fyne a Rogue, and other op- 
probrious words, when he went with Serg 1 Kinard to see 
if his wood had not been purloined and embezzled, to the 
dammage of tenn pounds with costs of sute. The Defend- 
ant denys y e same, and says y l y e PI. hath with force and 
violence taken wood from his fire. Whereupon a jury is 
called and sworne. 

The Evidence of Serg 1 James Kinard is taken in open 
Court, who declares that he was walking along y e River 
Side where John Fyne desyred him to goe with him to y 6 
house of Ahasweres Marselis where he had suspition that 
they had taken some of his wood from y e water side, and 
comeing there y e s d John Fine took y e wood from y e fire, 
and layd it upon y e street, before his door till he fetched 
y 6 fellow thereof out of his house. Y e s d John Fine carryd 
it and showed it to y e mayor of j^ Citty, where it did ap- 
parently appear to be alike, whereupon y 6 mayor desyred 
y 1 the wood might be layd aside, and y 1 y* Partyes John 
Fine and Ahasweres Marselis should agree and deside the 
matter. 

Dirk van der Heyden declares upon Oath, that a while 
agoe he was standing in his door where John Fine cald 
him and showed him two brands ends of wood which he 
sayed he had taken offAhaswerus Marselis his fyre and 
desyred him to stay and he would fetch y e fellow thereof 
out of his house, which he did, and further saith not. 

John Kidney declares upon Oath y 1 accidentally he was 
passing by John Fyns door, where he saw him standing 



46 The City Records. 

with two brands ends of wood, which as he sayd he had 
got off Ahaswerus Marselis his fyre, whereupon he y e s d 
John Fyne desyred him to stand soe long till he fetched 
y 6 fellow there of out of his house, which y 6 said John 
Fyne presently did. 

Dec. 27. Ahasuerus Marselis delivered in a Petition, 
whereby he requests y l y e Case between him and John 
Fine, which was tried last court day. may be had in review, 
and y l y e Jury may be sent for and give an explanation of 
their verdict, who brought in y e s d Ahasuerus sixpence 
dammage, with costs, without y 6 least proof, as if he had 
stole a ps of John Fines wood, of which he is wholly in- 
nocent, therefore prays y 1 all proceedings in y e matter may 
be razed out of y 6 "Court Record and be freed from y e 
Charge thereof. 

The Court will take into consideration. 

Feb. 7, 1699. Upon y 6 Late Request of Asweres Mar- 
selles y e Mayor and Aldermen have sent for y 6 Juery, and 
exam end y e Jurey about there Last Verdicht, and they all 
Reffer them selves to y e verrey wordes of y* Verdicht. 

June 13. Joh. Groenendyk, Sheriffe, made return of 
y e Execution to him directed about Ahasuerus Marselis, 
and produced in Court y e some of two pounds seven shil- 
lings and nine pence by y e sale of y 6 following goods at a 
Public Outcry yesterday, viz 1 . 



1 Pewter Plate for - 

6 Plates, ..... 

1 pr of Tongues, - - - 

1 Picture, - - ... . 

1 Snaffell, .... 

1 Gunn, 1 



The Execution is, 2: 7:9 

Serving y e same, 5 : 

Vendue money, 2:9 

2:15:6 
2:14:7 



11 



2 



8:3 
11:3 



3:9 



14:7 



The City Records. 47 

In Common Council, Dec. 13, 1698. 

It is Resolved y 1 a Tax for wood shall be laid upon y 6 
Citty of Albany for y e quantity of three hundred Loods of 
good fyre wood to supply y e guards of this Citty and also 
30 Rodd of Stockadoes to repair y 6 walls of this Citty, and 
y l a warrant shall be issued to y 6 assessors to make there 
assessment therefore in y e space of four and twenty hours 
ensueing y 6 Date, and then Emmediately to make Return 
thereof to Mr. Mayor. 

It is further Resolved and thought Convenient that a 
Proclamation be proclaimed y l no Carman shall hereafter 
use a Cart until such times they have Mr. Mayor's Lycense 
therefore upon Penalty of forfeiting y e somme of six shil- 
lings, and y l no person or persons shall drive there horse 
or horses in slees or oyrwise through y 6 streets of this Citty 
faster than upon a stap, upon penalty of forfeiting y e 
somme of three shillings, toties quoties. 

Jan. 3, 1699. The Common Council, upon the require- 
ment of the Governor and his Council, determined to give 
the inhabitants of the city above sixteen years of age an 
'* opportunity of swearing allegiance to his Majesty King 
William." The proceedings, and a list of the citizens who 
took the oath, will be found on a subsequent page. 

Jan. 13. Resolved, that a Tax of one hundred Pound 
Currant money of this Province shall be laid and assessed 
on the Inhabitants of this Citty, between the date hereof 
and the 24th day of this Instant, to pay and defray the 
Publik Charges of this Citty, and that the Payment thereof 
shall be in two severall Termes, to wit, the one half or 
moyety at or before the llth day of March, and the other 
half at or before the llth day of July next Ensuing. 

Jan. 24. The matter concerning y 6 erecting of Indian 
houses for y 6 reception of Indians was proposed by y e 
Mayor as requisite, since many Irregularities happen by 
Traders receiving Indians into there houses, whereupon 
it was resolved, neinine contradiscente, y l two Indian 
houses be built, and it being put to y e vote whether the 
Inhabitants liveing towards y e hill should build their house 
at their pryve cost and charge, and if y 6 Inhabitants of y 6 
Pearle Street where y e Blockhouse stands and oyr Traders 



48 The City Records. 

living thereabouts should build another Indian house at 
their pry ve cost and charge, and y e Plurality of votes car- 
ried it y 1 both y" Indian houses should be built at y e pryve 
charge of both streets, and all persons making profession 
of Trade with y e Indians. 

Then it was put to vote whether the Indian houses y l 
was to be for y e benefit of these traders y l live on y e hill 
should stand 4 Rod on y 6 south side of y 6 waggon way 
leading to Shennechtady or 4 Rod on y e north side thereof, 
always provided y l y 6 distance backward or westward 
should be determined by ye whole Common Councill ; and 
it was carried y l y e s d Indian house should be placed four 
Rod on y 6 south side of y 6 s d waggon way behind his maj e 
fort. 

Then it was proposed where y e other Indian house should 
be built on y e north side of y 6 towne, whether it should be 
erected between y e Two Blockhouses, or higher or lower, 
always provided y 1 y e distance from y 6 Citty Stockadoes 
be determined by y e whole Common Councill, and it was 
carried y 1 y 6 s d house be built between y e two Blockhouses 
leaving an equal distance from y e one and y e other. 

It was further put to y e vote how big y e s d Indian houses 
were to be, and it was carried y 1 each should be 45 foot 
long. 

The two aldermen and two assistants whom y 6 votes fell 
upon to be overseers of y e said work of y e Indian houses 
y 1 they should be finished before May next, were Joh. 
Cuyler, Jan Vinnagen, aldermen; Jacobus Turk, Capt. 
Joh. Bleeker, assistants. 

The charge of y e building of y e s d two Indian houses is 
to be raised by a Rate or Tax to be Levyed by y e sworn 
assessors on them alone y 1 make profession of trade with 
y e Indians, and y 1 proportionably according to each per- 
son's Trade. 

Feb. 21. Resolved, That one other Indian house be- 
sides y e two heretofore resolved ony e 24th day of January 
last, shall be build just upon y e first hill going up from y e 
Parle street geat northwesterly, in or about y e middle part 
of said hill, where y e whole Common Councill forthwith 
shall appoynt y e Place, and y 1 y e Building and Charges 



The City Records. 49 

thereof shall bee in y 6 lyke manner as y e two houses 
aforesaid. 

In performance of an order to y e Committee appointed 
on y e 28th day of December last, itt is agreed with John 
Glen and Reyer Sherrnerhooren Justices of Schanhegtade, 
y l they shall Pay to y 6 Public Charges of this County untill 
y 6 14th day of October last y e sume of three pounds Cur- 
rant Money of this Province, att or before y e 1 1th day of 
March next. 

Resolved, That a Tax of three hundred Load of fire 
wood shall be layd and assessed on the Inhabitants of this 
Citty between the date hereof and the 24th of this Instant, 
for y 6 supplying the Guards, and that a warrant shall be 
forthwith issued out to the Assessors of the said Citty, for 
the Assessment thereof accordingly. 



[Here is inserted in the record book an inventory, in 
Dutch, of the personal effects of Jan Verbeek, deceased, 
whose name occurs frequently in the preceding pages. 
The names of the articles are placed opposite in English, 
to render the inventory intelligible. The orthography of 
the Dutch in these records is no better than that of the 
English.] 

Een Inventaris van de overgebleven staet van Jan Ver- 
beek twelck na sijn dooet gevonde is zijnd opgenome door 
Johannes Harmense, high constabel, den 6 Merdt, 169f. 
Een swarte rock A black coat 

Vyer grawe rocke Four gray coats 

Een swarte hemptrock A black waistcoat 

Vyer graawe hemptrocken Four gray waistcoats 
Vyf broecke Five breeches 

Twee hoede Two hats 

Vyf dasses Five cravats 

Driee hemde Three shirts 

Noch een Bijbel Also a Bible 

Noch twee schrijfboeke Also two writingbooks 
Noch een bet een puile twee Also a bed, bolster, 2 pillows 

kusses 

5 



50 The City Records. 

Twee deckens een voot kleet Two blankets, one foot cloth 
Noch een kas en een bull kist Also a closet and a tool chest 
Noch een kleere kist Also a clothes chest 

Noch een tafel en een banck Also a table and a bench 
Noch een brant yser een Also an and-iron, tongs and 

tangh en hu^ell trammel or pot hook 

Een ysere potje An iron pot 

Noch een schuttel en twee Also a platter and 2 plates 

tafelborde 

Een tinne kan A tin can 

Noch een groote liming stoel Also a great rocking chair, 

en een andere stoel and another chair 

Noch een kettell Also a kettle 

Noch een groene combers Also a green coverlet 

Was signed by Johannes Harmesse, High Consteball, 



Att a Common Counsell held in Albany y e 30th day 
of May, 1699. 

Resolved y l y e Lest of y 6 Town Stocades shall be veuwed 
and looked hoe hes Red Stocades and hoe hes not Red 
Stocades, and he y l has not Red shall be warened y l they 
shall Reyd them between this day and a Saterday next, 
and he that has nott Red them then shall forfett one shil- 
ling and sixpence for each stocade. It is forder Resolved 
y l each Person shall appear here at y e State House for to 
sett. y l Citty Stocadoes a Monda morning by times 
when y e Bell Ringes, upon y e forfeit of three shillings. 

June 13. The proclamation for the regulation of trade 
with the Indians in 1689 (vol. i, p. 108), and repeated in 
1696 (pp. 13, 14 ante), was renewed at this time. See p. 51. 

June 15. Whereas diverse persons have of late assumed 
to themselves y e liberty to sell or expose to sale wares 
and merchandize by retaile within this Citty, without being 
made free Citizens, and also y l diverse persons use their 
art, trade, or manual occupation within the City libertyes 
and precincts thereof, without having first obtained their 
freedom. It is therefore after mature deliberation thereof 
had, concluded unanimously, y l no person whatsoever shall 
be looked upon, deemed and esteemed a free Citizen of 
this Citty but those who were actually Inhabitants of this 



The City Records. 51 

Citty at y 6 time when y e Charter was obtained ; or y l since 
have obtained or purchased their freedom according to y* 
Charter, and whereas sundrey Inhabitants of this Citty 
did desert this place in y e time of y 6 late warr and most 
Imminent danger, and now return without their families, 
and reap y e benefits of y 6 trade of this Citty by staying a 
few weeks and then goe away, it is further resolved y l all 
those y 1 deserted this Citty in y e time of y 6 late warr, and 
have been absent one whole year and six weeks with their 
families, shall be looked upon and esteemed as if they 
never had been Cittizens or freemen of this Citty, but 
must agree anew for their freedom, except they return 
with their families ; and if any merchant, trader or arti- 
ficer having a family in another part of this Province shall 
come and agree for his freedom, if he doth not transport 
his family hither in twelve months time after his so re- 
ceiving his freedom, it shall be forfeit as if he never had 
been a Citizen, or been free of this Citty. 

June 17. The Common Council is convened at y 6 re- 
quest of y e assistants, who alledge y 1 they observe several 
Proclamations have been published relating to y 6 trade of 
this Citty, particularly y 6 one of y 6 13th of this month, 
without their Privity and Consent, which by y 6 charter of 
this Citty can not be done, desyre y 1 y e same may be read 
and every article therein mentioned put to y 6 vote, which 
was done accordingly. 

The first article is allowed. 

Tlfat part of y 6 second article concerning taking y e Ca- 
nada Indians into People's houses is Revoked and made 
void, and in lieu thereof 

3. Likewise ordered, y 1 all Indians, y e Sachems and 
River Indians excepted, as aforesaid, are to lye in y e In- 
dian houses without y 6 towne from y e first of April to y* 
first of December, and are permitted to be Received in 
People's houses in town from y ? first of December to y e 
first of April. Y e remainder of s d articles is allowed, and 
another Proclamation made de novo. 

Ordered, y 1 Jacobse Turk, Johannes Thomase & Evert 
Wendel Jr. assistants, be a Committee to return y 6 names 
of such persons as are not freemen, and were not Inhabit- 



52 The City Records. 

ants of this Citty when y 6 Charter was obtained, y c next 
Court day. 

Ordered likewise y l Joh. Schuyler, Johannes Cuyler, 
and Wessel ten Broek Esqs. aldermen, be assistant to y e 
mayor in y 6 agreeing with people for their freedom of this 
Citty. 

Rob 1 Livingston acquainted y e gent" y l he had consti- 
tuted his cousin Robert Livingston to be Deputy Clerk, 
according to y 6 Commission granted him by his Majesty 
desired to know if they had any objection against him. 
The gentlemen approved of y e same, and declared that they 
had no objection against him. 



Mayor's Court, June 27, 1699. 

Johannis Groenendyke vs. Jan Janse Bleeker. " Five 
several fynes" were demanded of the defendant for taking 
Indians into his house with their packs. The defendant 
denied the acts complained of, and the matter was settled. 
In Pursuance to an order directed to Jacobus Turke, 
Johannis Thomase and Evert Wendel, dated y e 17th of 
this instant, they returned the following persons were not 
actually Inhabitants in the Citty when y e Charter was 
obtained, and y l y' same are not possessed with there free- 
dom, as also those who have deserted this Citty with their 
families in y e late warr, one year and six weeks, viz 1 . 
Pieter Verbrugh Teunis Dirkse 

Edward Reims Jonathan Broadhorst 

Luykas Luykasse John Kidney 

Gerrit Roeloffse Ruth Melgertse 

Daniel Wilkeson Gerrit Ryckse 

William Hilten Volkert van Hoese 

Phillip Schuyler Adriaen Quackenbos 

John Carr Robert Frethy 

Robert Livingston Daniel Bratt 

William Hogen Thomas Williams 

Jan Van Wryden Thomas Winne 

Jan Fyne Anthony van Schaik 

Hend. Van Dyk Johannis D, Wandelaer 

Joseph Janse Johannis Abeel 



The City Records. 53 

In Common Council, July 11, 1699. 
The overseers appointed y 6 24th January and 21st Feb. 
last for y 6 building of three Indian houses without y e gates 
of this Citty doe Produce the account of y 6 Charges for y e 
same amounting to /1 157: 17 wampum, being eight and 
twenty Pounds eighteen shillings and ll d , which is ap- 
proved and Resolved that Mr. Mayor shall issue out his 
warrant the 25th of this Instant to y 6 assessors to make 
there assessment for s d sumrne upon all such persones as 
doe make Profession in Indian Trade within y 6 Citty and 
make Return thereof to Mr. Mayor, in y 6 space of three 
times four and twenty hours after y 6 aforesaid date. 

In Mayor's Court, July 25, 1699. 

Upon y e Request of Elisabeth y 6 Weduw of Wouter van 
den Uythooft, who hath y 6 Boedel* of Jan Verbeek, de- 
ceased, in hands, desyres of this Court that two sufficient 
Persones bee appointed to value the worth of said Boedel, 
whereupon y e Court doth appoint Jacobus Turke & Johannis 
Harmense to value y e same and give in there Report, the 
next Court day. 

Whereas severall Papers relateing y 6 building of y* 
Blockhouse in y e year 1690 are given into Court, aud 
thereupon Resolved that y 6 same be inspected to see who 
are y e Creditors therein, and appointed y 6 Recorder J. 
Janse Bleeker, Jan Vinhagen aldermen, Jacobus Turke & 
Evert Wendell assistants, to audit y 6 same, and return 
Report y e next Court day. 

In Justices' Court, July 26, 1699. 

This day being appointed for y 6 Justices of this Citty 
and County to convene together to discourse about a cer- 
tain Tax layd by y e late Assembly upon said Citty and 
County, which Corivenement not being duly observed, it 
is therefore resolved by y e Justices Convened, that anoyr 
day be appointed, who doe appoint next Court Day, being 
the eight of August next ensuing, for all to appear at nine 
o'clock in the morning, as they will answer to y e Contrary 
upon there perrill. 
# Estate, or effects. 



54 The City Records. 

In Common Council, July 29, 1699. 
Whereas on y 5 25th Instant Mr. Mayor directed his 
warrant to ye assessors by advice and consent of y e Re- 
corder, Aldermen and Commonality that they should make 
an assessment upon all such persones within this Citty as 
doe make profession in ye Indian Trade for y e somme of 
Twenty Eight Pounds Eighteen Shillings and Eleven Pence 
and give Return thereof to Mr. Mayor in y e space of thrice 
twenty four hours ensuing the s d date, it being for ex- 
penses in making of y 6 three Indian house standing without 
this Citty. Now whereas the said assessors having made 
up said assessment and given into y e hands of the Mayor 
which being now laid before this meeting, it is approved 
off, and Resolved that warrants be issued to y 6 Constables 
in each respective Warde for y 6 Collecting of y e same, 
and when received to deliver into y e hands of y e overseers 
appointed for y 6 management of said buildings or the Major 
part of them, in reguarde that the Debts thereof may be 
satisfied proportionably. 

In Mayor's Court, Aug. 8, 1699. 

Whereas Jacobus Turke and Johannes Harmense being 
appointed y" 25th of July last to value y 6 Boedel of Jan 
Verbeek deceased, doe returne Report of y e same, and have 
prised it to be worth all and all, /292 wampum, is 7 : 6. 

In Justices' Court, Aug. 8, 1699. 

Whereas in y 6 late Assembly an act is made to raise y e 
summe of 2000, out of this Province for his Majestic, 
Praying that his most gracious Majestie will be pleased to 
give and allow y e summe of 1500 thereof to his Excell. 
Richard Earle of Bellomont, and y e summe of 500 being 
y e Residue of said summe of 2000, unto Capt. John Nan- 
fan, his Majesties Lef 1 Governor of y e Province of New 
York, &c., which summe of money aforesaid shall be raised 
assessed, collected, levyed and paid unto his Majesties Col- 
lector and Receiver General for y c time being, at y e Citty 
of New Yorke, at or before the 29th day of September 
next, and therein fynding y e Citty and County of Albanies 
quota or proportion amounts to 120 currant money afore- 



The City Records. 55 

said. It is therefore Resolved by the Justices of this Citty 
and County that the Assessors of said Citty and County 
shall convene together in y e Citty Hall of Albany, viz 1 : 
Anthony van Schaik, Benoni van Corlaer, Isaac Verplank, 
Anthony Bratt, Gysbert Marsellis, Harpert Jacobse, Citty 
assessors; Nicolas Dow, Marte Cornelise, colony assess- 
ors; Gysbert Gerritse, Isaac Svvitts, Jan Vrooman, Sche- 
nectady; Abraham Janse, Johannes van Hoese, Kinder- 
hoek ; Jan Bronk, Andries Janse, Cattskill and Coxsackie. 
On y e 18th day of this Instant, and then make there as- 
sessment for y 6 aforesaid summe of one hundred and twenty 
Pounds upon all Freeholders Inhabitants and Residents 
within y^ Citty and County aforesaid, viz 1 , the assessors 
in y e Citty particularly and the assessors in y 6 County, 
each for there respective wards, are then the one to cor- 
rect the other's assessment, so that all shall amount to y c 
aforesaid summe, and make a fair return of y e same unani- 
mously under hands and scales, at or before Saturday 
night then following, and deliver y 6 same into hands of Mr. 
Mayor of y 6 Citty aforesaid, or any two Justices who shall 
appoint a time when y e Justices of y e Citty and County 
shall convene to issue their warrants for the collecting of 
the same. 

It is further resolved upon y e order from y c Lev 1 Gov'r 
and Council, dated y^ 20th July 1699, in pursuance, to y e 
first order to y e Justices of Albany, dated y c 16th of Au- 
gust, 1698 to examine into y e matter of Barent Pieterse 
Coeymans to which y e case is referred and consented that 
a warrant be issued to Gerrit and Dirk Teunise, Justices, 
Jan Bronk, Jan Baptist and Jan Albertse, Assessors, and Ja- 
cob Casperse, Constable and Collector, to appear here on 
Thursday y e 17th of this Instant, then to give there evi- 
dence of what shall be demanded concerning a certain 
Peece of ground belonging to said Barent Pieterse which 
is said to be assessed both in Colony of Rensselaerswyk 
and Catskills warde. 

In Common Council!, August 8, 1699. 
Whereas on y e 2d of August 1698, an agreement was 
made with Hendrik van Rensselaer about a certain Patent 



56 The City Records. 

y l he obtained of Col. Fletcher y 6 late Governor, of Land 
at Shachkook adjoyning to y 6 Land belonging to y e Citty 
y l y e said Rensselaer is to deliver up to y e Citty y e said 
Patent with a lawfull Conveyance of all his Right and 
Title to y 6 same, Now know yee that according to y 6 said 
agreement this instant August, the said Hendrik van Rens- 
selaer hath delivered the Patent with a lawfull conveyance. 

Aug. 18. Whereas a warrant was issued upon y 6 8th 
instant to summone G l and Dirk Teunise, Justices, Jan 
Bronk, Jan Baptist and Jan Albertse, assessors, and Jacob 
Casperse, Collector, to appear on y 6 17th instant in Court 
house to give there evidence of what shall be demanded 
concerning a piece of Land of B. P. Coeymans, which is 
said to be assessed in two wards, wherein Dirk Teunise, 
Jan Baptist, Jan Albertse and Jan Casperse have been 
neglecting, it is therefore resolved that another summons 
be issued for y e second time, to appear as they will to y 6 
contrary answer there contempt. Jan Baptist being not 
concerned therein, 

Aug. 19. Pursuant to y e warrant issued unto y 6 as- 
sessors of y e Citty and County of Albany to make their 
assessment thereon for y c sumnfe of 120, and to give 
there Return this day, which is now Delivered amounting 
all in all by there calk elation to 127 8st, it is therefore 
Resolved that warrants be issued to the Collectors in the 
Citty and County, to collect according to the List given 
them, it being 8* in wampum per then amounts to 
127: 16:2^, and whosoever shall Refuse to Pay their 
quota or proportion to strain y* same upon there goods 
and chattels, y e overplus to return to y e owner, and y l y e 
said Collectors shall deliver y e said money unto his Majes- 
ties Collector in Albany, at or before the 12th of Sept. 
next ensuing to be sent forth by him to his Majesties Re- 
ceiver General at New Yorke ; and in case that y e Collect- 
ors should be neglecting in there duty, that they shall 
suffer according as y e act of Assembly Requires. 

* A character stands with this fignre which there is no type to 
represent, and the powec of which is not understood. 



(57) 



DUTCH NAMES OF PERSONS, PLACES, AND THINGS, 

AND THEIR SIGNIFICATION IN ENGLISH, ILLUSTRATIVE OF 
SOME PASSAGES WHICH OCCUR IN THIS WORK, AND COR- 
RECTIVE OF THE ORTHOGRAPHY OF DUTCH WORDS OCCA- 
SIONALLY USED. 

Abeel, a poplar. 

Acker, or properly Akker, a field. 

Ackerman, a farmer. 

Allen, all. 

Appel, an apple. 

Arts, a physician. 

Avery, an average. 

Baas, (vulgarly written bos) a master; a preacher is a 

kerkbaas, a master carpenter is a timmerman's baas. 
Baker, a dry nurse. 
Bakhuis, a bakehouse, also chops, face; as houd uw bak- 

huis, hold your jaw. 
Bakker, a baker. 
Bank, a bench ; whence, perhaps the term used in printing 

offices. 

Bedroefd, sad, sorrowful. 
Beeren Island, bear's island, (corrupted to Barren Island,) 

an island in Hudson river. 
Berg, a mountain or hill. 
Beverwyk, beaver retreat ; there is a town of this name on 

the maps of Holland, but it does not seem to have 

suggested the name once used for this city. 
Sleeker, a bleacher. 

Bliksem, lightning; erroneously written blixem. 
Blokhuys, a wooden fort. 
Boedel, an estate, or effects. 
Boksen, breeches ; corrupted to boxem. 
Bonk, a bone. 

Bouwer, a builder; also a tiller. 
Bouwery, a farm, now written Bowery. Bowery street in 

New York originally led to Gov. Stuyvesant's farm or 

bouwery. 



58 Definitions of Dutch Names. 

Brief, a letter or bill. 

JBroek, a marsh, breech. 

Burg, a fortress, or borough ; often confounded with berg 
in names of places, and corruptly printed with an h final 
in both cases, as in Lansingburgh. 

Burger, a citizen; often written with an h, erroneously. 

Durip, Schenectady ; corruption of Dorp, a village. 

Coxsackie. boil the bag; unless it should be written Cox- 
hacky, as it is frequently in the records, when it would 
seem to be an Indian term. 

De Graaf, the count. 

Ernst, zeal. 

Gasthuys, a hospital. 

Groot, great. 

Haagedoorn, a bramble bush, a thorn hedge. 

Handel, trade, traffic. 

Handelaar, a merchant ; Handelaer street was the ancient 
name of Broadway. 

Handschoon, a glove. Some among the English have been 
ready to carp at this word as an evident token of the 
scantiness of the Dutch language; but let us consider 
whether our horse shoe is a more proper expression and 
whether the Dutch hoefyzer (hoof iron) be not full as 
appropriate. Doubtless in every language there are some 
words more significant than the same words in others. 

Helderberg, clear mountain or hill. 

Helgat, hell hole; a rough term for a rough place in the 
sound between New York and Long Island, which is 
usually written hell gate, and by some sensitive persons 
corrupted to hurl gate. The preservation of the original 
orthography would have divested the term of much that 
is deemed objectionable to ears polite. 

Hoofdkaas, head cheese. 

Kanaal, the channel; whence the burlesque term canawl, 
which is the pronunciation of the Dutch word. 

Kar, a cart; whence comes the word carman, instead of 
cartman, as is used in most cities of this state. 

Kasteel, a castle. 

Kerk, a church, 

Kerker, a prison, jail. 



Definitions of Dutch Names. 59 

Kerkhof, churchyard. 

Keyser, emperor. 

Kinderhoek, children's point. 

Kip, a hen. 

Klaverack, clover-reach. 

Kleyn (whence Cline) Jittle. 

Kling, a sword. 

Klink, a latch ; also a slap with the hand. 

Knecht, a servant ; a bouw-knecht is a farm servant. Some 
have mistaken this term, and been led to believe that 
their ancestors were knights! 

Knikkerbakker, marble baker; now almost universally 
written Knickerbocker, after the usage of Washington 
Irving: pronounced as if written K'n-nik-ker-bok-ker 
perhaps to distinguish it from nikker, a fiend or devil. 
Those Dutch names among us terminating in ck, such 
as Ten Eyck, Ten Broeck, Groesbeck, &c., were not so 
written under the Dutch dynasty, and are not in accord- 
ance with the true orthography of the language. The 
letter c is very seldom used anywhere except before h, 
and at the beginning of a very few words, mostly of 
foreign extraction. 

Koekebakker, a gingerbread baker. 

Kool-slaa, cabbage salad. 

Koon, a jaw or cheek. 

Kost-huys (or gasthuys) a boarding house. 

Koster, a sexton. 

Linde wood, bass wood. 

Meyer, a country mayor or sheriff. 

Minuit, a minute. 

Nederduytch, Low Dutch. 

Nederland, Netherland, Low Country. 

Octroy, a grant ; sometimes written oktrooi. 

Olifant, an elephant. 

Olijkoek, cakes fried in fat. 

Olijnoote, butternut. 

Oranje, orange. 

Patroon (voorstander) a patron, master, or employer. 

Poesten kill (poesten to foam) foaming creek. 

Pruyn (pruym) a plum. 



60 Definitions of Dutch Names. 

Ridder, a knight or cavalier. 

Roggen, rye. 

Romeyn, a roman. 

Rooseboom, rose tree 

Roosekrans, a garland of roses. 

Rutten kill, supposed to mean rat's kill, although Judge 

Bensen, (see vol. 2, p. 226) derives its name from Rut- 

ger Bleeker, as many think quite erroneously. 
Snyder, tailor,. 
Spook, ghost. 
Steenberg, stone hill. 
Stoep, pavement, threshold, steps ; written stoop universally 

with us, which is the term for a measure of two quarts. 
Stuyver, a penny. 
Ten Broek, at the marsh. 
Ten Eyk, at the oak. 
Verreberg, far mountain. 

Valatie, (corruption of Valeitje), a little valley. 
Van, of, from. 

Van Vechten, from the combat. 
Vanderzee, from the sea. 
Van Steenberg, from stone hill. 
Van Zandt, from the sand. 
Van OLinda, probably a contraction of Onder den 

Linden, (under the basswood tree) a common name in 

Holland. 

Van Dyk, from the bank or dike. 
Vanbergen, from the mountains or hills. 
Vanderberg, from the mountain. 
Vandenburg, from the castle. 
Van Schoonhoven, from the fine gardens. 
Wynkoop, something to drink upon the bargain. 
Zuur Kruid, fermented cabbage; vulgarly written sour 

crout. 

See also Vol. ii, p. 143 et seq. 



B 



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Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



61 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 




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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 

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64 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 1707. 







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Margriet La 
atryn Jans, 
ara Groot, 
Maria Renselae 
g rytje Mathe 
na Sikkels, 
, Neeltje Mey 
rnelia Marten 
Neeltje Claas 
ertruy Van 
truy Hogen 

r Heyden, 



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C 
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unis Pieters, 
lhelm Bries, C 
ent Vedder, Sa 
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on Bensing 
am Isaks, 
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Teunis, 
Gardeni 
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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707, 








Vinhagel. 
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a Slechtenhoi 
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Nanning Harmans, Alida 
Frans Winnen, Elsje Ganv 
Pieter D. Schuyler, Alida lec 
Thomas Willems, Agnietje G 
Phlip Foreest, Tryntje Kip, 
David Schuyler, Elsje Rutger 
Jan Van der Hoeven, Dorh 



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Bratt, Susanna Bratt. 
Van Schayk, Johannes Al 


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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707, 



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JDutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 77 



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Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 79 




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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 




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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 




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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707, 

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Church Baptisms, 1093 to 1707 




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en, Sytj 
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sen Kl 
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Anthony Coster, Elisabeth Ten 
Nanning Harmensen Visscher, A 
Jan Feyn, Alida Gardenier, 
Coenraad Hoogteeling, Tryntje 



th 
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Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. B9 

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106 Dutch Church Baptisms, 1693 to 1707. 



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Francois Salsbury, Maria Gaasbel 
Cornelis Vernoy, Sara Gaasbek. 
Cornelis Vernoy, Elsje Luyber. 
Pieter Schuyler, Maria Schuyler. 
Jan Gerritse, Antje Kierstede. 
Levinus Winnen. Elsje Winnen. 
Jan Matthysse, Magdalena Matthy 


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Henrik Singer, Jannetje Singer. 
Andries Gardenier, Ydje Gardenie 
Leendert Conyn, Lysbeth Scharp. 
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Cornelis Martensse, Cornelia Vred 
Jacob Winnen, Hilletje Muller. 


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114 



TABLE OF DUTCH BAPTISMAL NAMES WITH 
THE CORRESPONDING ENGLISH NAMES. 



Dirkje, Klaasje, and other names ending in je, and ken, are properly 
diminutives, and apply either to little boys or females, as we say 


Billy, Nelly, c. 


Aaghje, 


Agatha, 


Engeltje, Angelica. 


Aarend, Aart, 


Athur. 


Epje, Egbert. 


Adela, 


Adelaide. 


Ernst, Earnest. 


Adriaantje, /. 


Adriana. 


Evert, Everard. 


Aefje, 


Eve. 


Frans, Francis. 


Agnietje, 


Agnes. 


Filips, Flip, Philip. 


Aaltje, Aletta,) 
Alida, ) 


Adeline, Adela. 


Floris, Florence. 
Floortje, Flora. 


Aletta, 


Letitia. 


Goris, George. 


Andries, 


Andrew. 


Gerrit, Gerard. 


Anneken,) 




Gillis, Jellis, Giles. 


Annetje, j 


Ann. 


Giel, Michael. 


Arie, 


Adrian. 


Govert, Godfrey, Geoffrey 


Arnout, 


Arnold. 


Gysbert, ( p'lv, 


Bait, 


Balthazar. 


Gyselbert, \ Gilbert. 


Barber, 


Barbara. 


Geertruyd, } 


Barent, 


Bernard. 


Geesje, \ Gertrude. 


Bartel, 


Bartholomew. 


Geertje,Giertje,) 


Bartje, 
Bastiaan, 


Bertha. 
Sebastian. 


Grietje, Margaret. 
Hans, Jack. 


Boudewyn, 


Baldwin. 


Hansje, Johanna. 


Beletje, Bella, 


Isabella. 


Hendrik, Henrik, Henry. 


Bell, 


Arabella. 


Hillegonda, Huldah. 


Betje, 


Betty. 


Huygen, Hugh. 


Christoffel, 


Christopher. 


Hendrikje, Henrietta. 


Christiaan, m. 


Christian. 


Heyltje, Hail. 


Christyntie, /. 


Christiana. 


Jakobus, James. 


Daam, 


Adam. 


Jakomina, ^ 


Denys, 


Dionysius. 


(Jaapje) > Jacoba. 


Diederik, 


Theodore. 


Jakdmyntje, ) 


Derrik, Dirk,) 


Richard. 


Jannetje, Janne, Jane. 


Dirkje, ] 


Dorothy. 


Japik, Jaap, Jacob. 


Diewertje, 


Deborah. 


Jelle, Gellius. 


Doris, 


Theodore. 


Jeltje, Gellia. 


Dries, 


Andrew. 


Johanna. ) T 


Elsje, 


Alice. 


JannekenJ Joan ' 


Emmetje, 


Emma. 


Johannes, Jan, John, 






Table of Dutch Names. 



115 



Jochem, Joiachim. 


Maria,Marikenj 


Joost, Justus. 


Marritje, Marytje,? Mary. 


Jons, Jurian,J George . 


Maartje^Maaike) 
Natje, Annaatje, Anna. 


Josyntje, Josina, Justina. 


Neeltje, Cornelia, Nelly. 


Karel, Charles. 


Niesje, Agnes. 


Kasper, Jasper. 


Obadja, Obadiah. 


Katryne,Kaatje ) *-t v 


Otte, Otho. 


Katryntje, ) 


Paulus, Pauwel, Paul. 


Kersten, ) Christian 


Paulyntje, Paulina. 


Kristiaan,} 


Phlip, Philip. 


Klaartje, Clara. 


Roelof, Ralph. 


Klaas, Nicholas, 


Roosje, Rose. 


Klaasje, Klasyne, Nicola. 


Rutgert, Roger. 


Krelis, Kees,) p 


Rykaard, Richard. 


Kors Krelis C r IUS * 


Saal, Solomon. 


Kobus, James. 


Saartje, Sarah. 


Kyrn, Quirine. 


Sander, Alexander. 


Laurens, Louris, Lawrence. 


Staats, Eustace. 


Leendert, Leonard. 


Stoffel, Christopher. 


Lieven, Liewe, Leo. 


Styntie, Christiana. 


Leentje, Lena, Helena,Madalene.Tanneken, Ann. 


Leonora, Lenoor,Ellenor. 


Teewes, Matthew. 


Letje, Letitia. 


Teunis, Anthony. 


Lodewyk,) Ludovicus. 


Tibout, Theobald. 


Louis, ) Lewis. 


Toontje, Antonia. 


Lotje, Charlotte. 


Truytje, Gertrude. 


Lukas, Luytje, Luke. 
Lysbet, Lysje, Elizabeth. 
Matthys, Matthias. 


Tryntje, Catharine. 
Tymen, Timothy. 
Tys, Matthias. 


Meewes, Bartholomew. 


Wouter, Walter. 


Machtelde, Matilda. 


Ydtje, Ida. 


Margrietje, Margaret. 


Zanneke, Susanna. 


Marty ntje, Martina, 





( "6) 



MAUDE'S TRAVELS. 

In the year 1800 Mr. JOHN MAUDE, an Englishman, 
visited the United States, and published an account of 
his travels in 1826. He speaks of his sojourn in this 
country as the happiest period of his life. His obser- 
vations upon Albany and its vicinity are as follow. The 
author's errors in dates and names will be detected by the 
reader ; we have followed his text. 

NEW YORK, Saturday, June 21st, 1800, 5J P. M. Em- 
barked on board the sloop Sally, Captain Peter Donelly, 
seventy tons, four hands, viz: the captain, his brother 
Andrew, John, who was on board Admiral De Winter's 
ship on the memorable llth October, 1797, and Nicholas, 
a free black acting as steward, cook, cabin-boy, &c. , had 
purchased his own freedom and that of his wife, hoping 
soon to effect that of his children ; performs well on the 
violin, and is very smart. Twenty-four passengers, not 
births for more than half. Passage two dollars each. 
Board and liquors, as may happen. Principal passengers, 
General Alleser, of New York, violent democrat; Caul, of 
Saratoga, ditto ; Mr. Mousley, warm aristocrat and fede- 
ralist; Mr. Putnam, Mr. Williams, Lieutenant Kipp, all 
three federalists; the youth Octavius, son of Timothy 
Pickering, Esq., late Secretary of State, under the care of 
Messrs. Williams and Putnam, both relations of Mr. Pick- 
ering; Jonas, of Montreal, grocer; of Michillimack- 

inac; a drunken, Scotch Presbyterian minister; Mr. 
Sanger, &c., &c., four raftmen, and a man and his wife 
from Staten Island. 

7 P. M. Unmoored; fine S. E. breeze; ten knots. 

Tuesday, 5J p. M. Got under weigh, in doing which, 
fished up an excellent and large anchor, a valuable prize 
for the captain. The gust, as expected, killed the wind; 
in summer I never knew an instance to the contrary. 






Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 117 

Had the gust kept off, we should have been in Albany by 
seven o'clock. 

9 P. M. The wind having entirely failed us, took the 
sloop in tow, and at 7 p. M. had her moored alongside a 
wharf in Baltimore, one hundred and forty-five miles. 
Went on shore ; took with us Nicholas and his violin, the 
fiddle soon got the girls together; we kicked up a dance 
and kept it up till midnight. Treated with spruce-beer 
and gingerbread. Baltimore is a shabby place, every other 
house a tavern ; in number about a dozen. 

Wednesday, June 25th. 3 A. M. Not a breath of air ; took 
sloop in tow ; not possible to see from stem to stern, yet 
passed a dangerous and difficult passage and a bar, which 
require, it is said, your having all your eyes about you. 

6 A. M. Made land ; the fog beginning to disperse ; put 
the Presbyterian minister on shore ; he is engaged by a Mr. 
Nichols as a tutor to his children ! Boat returned with 
milk for breakfast. 

7^ A. M. Dropped anchor ; took boat and landed on High 
hill island, four miles in length ; two farms ; got a few 
sour cherries ; one hundred and fifty-four miles from New 
York. Crossed to the opposite or west shore, and landed 
at a farm house, called Bethlehem, six miles from Albany ;* 
numerous and handsome family. 

9 A. M. Having hired a waggon, seven of our passengers 

* Albany: settled in 1760 , forty-five sloops (vessels) owned in Al- 
bany and forty-five in New York, <-c., total ninety sloops in the 
Albany trade, about seventy tons each ten voyages (twenty trips) 
per annum on an average; navigated by a captain at twenty dollars 
per month ; a pilot at fifteen dollars-, a seaman and a cook at nine dol- 
lars total four hands. Freight twelve cents and a half per cwt., gain 
one hundred dollars per voyage, or one thousand dollars per annum. 
Passage, one dollar and 25 cents, average eight passengers, ten dollars 
a trip, or two hundred dollars per annum. 

Sloop building at Albany twenty-seven dollars and fifty cents per 
ton, if green wood last only ten years, seasoned wood would last thirty. 
Four thousand white inhabitants, and two thousand black slaves. Re- 
venue, 35,000 dollars. Corporation sell the quays (wharfs) at two 
dollars and fifty cents per foot of frontage, and an annual rent of eight 
dollars and twelve and a half cents. Lands near the town from sixty- 
three to seventy-five dollars per acre. Labor, fifty-six and a half cents 
per day; in harvest eighty-seven and a half cents. Butcher's meat 
ten to twelve and a half cents per Ib. Le Due de Liancourt in 1795. 



118 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

took their departure. The day being remarkably sultry 
I determined to stay by the sloop. Returned on board 
with potatoes and salad. 

Noon. Got under weigh ; light south air. 

2 P. M. Passed safely the Overslough. 

3 P. M. Albany,* one hundred and sixty miles from New 
York. Took up my quarters at Lewis's tavern, where I 
found Mr. Williams, Mr. Putnam, young Oetavius and 
Lieutenant Kipp at dinner. Paid the captain two dollars 
for passage-money, and four dollars and fifty cents, for 
board and liquors; the same sum of six dollars and 
fifty cents was charged for my servant, though neither his 
bed nor board were so good as mine. Our passage of four 
days may be considered a long one, at this season of the 
year, yet it was a pleasant one and no way tedious. The 
Hudson is one of the finest rivers in America, and supe- 
rior to them all in romantic and sublime scenery, more 
especially in its progress through the Highlands, a distance 
of sixteen miles. What further added to the pleasantness 

^Albany, one hundred and sixty miles north of New York, and three 
hundred and forty south of Quebec, north lat. 42, 39, West Ion. 73, 30. 
Contained, in 1797, one thousand two hundred and sixty-three build- 
ings, of which, eight hundred and sixty-three were dwelling-houses : 
and six thousand and twenty-one inhabitants. In 1609, Heniy Hud- 
son ascended in his boat to Aurania, the spot on which Albany now 
stands. The improvements in this city, within five or six years, have 
been very great in almost all respects. Wharfs built, streets paved, 
bank instituted. A new and handsome style of building introduced, 
and now excellent water, (an article in which this city has hitherto 
been extremely deficient, having been obliged to use the dirty water 
of the river) is about to be conducted into the various parts of the city, 
from a fine spring five miles from the west of the city. Albany is un- 
rivaled for situation, being nearly at the head of sloop navigation, on 
one of the noblest rivers in the world. It enjoys a salubrious air, and 
is the natural emporium of the increasing trade of a large extent of 
country, west and north. A country of excellent soil, abounding in 
every article for a West India market-, plentifully watered with navi- 
gable lakes, creeks and rivers, settling with almost unexampled ra- 
pidity, and capable of affording subsistence to millions of inhabitants ; 
and when the contemplated locks and canals are completed, and con- 
venient roads opened into every part of the country, all which will, it 
is expected, be accomplished in the course of a few years, Albany will 
probably increase and flourish beyond any other city or town in the 
United States. Morse. 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 119 

of this trip, were our frequent expeditions on shore. We 
landed seven times, and each time employed two or three 
hours in exploring the country. We saw, too, the whole 
of the river ; as we progressed but a very few miles during 
the time we occupied our births. We usually retired at 
eleven, and rose at four or five o'clock. The shortest 
passage ever made on this river was by this same sloop 
and captain; he made it in sixteen hours and six minutes, 
from which should be deducted one hour for time occupied 
in landing passengers by the way. The passage often 
takes a fortnight to perform it, and sometimes twenty-five 
or thirty days. The passage is always the shortest, the 
winds being equally favorable, up the river, as you carry 
the flood with you; in the other case, you out-run the ebb. 
Captain Donnelly has taken 1,675 dollars passage money 
in one year. 

Thursday, June 26th. Dined with the Reverend Thomas 
Ellison, fifteen years minister of the Episcopal church in 
this city; was born at Newcastle, Great Britain. Mrs. 
Ellison and Mr. Ramsay from North-Britain, were of the 
party. 

Evening. Visit snuff manufactory, stadthouse, and a 
fine spring of water about a quarter of a mile out of 
town.* 

Heavy thunder gust in the morning ; very sultry till 
noon ; pleasant evening. 

Friday, June 27th. Mr. Williams, Mr. Putnam and Oc- 
tavius set out for Boston. Lieutenant Kipp left us yester- 
day for Utica. 

* One mile north of this city near the manor-house of Lieutenant 
Governor Van Rensselaer. are very ingeniously constructed, extensive 
and useful works for the manufacture of Scotch and rappee snuffs, roll 
and cut tobacco of different kinds, chocolate, mustard, starch, hair- 
powder, split-peas and hulled-barley. These valuable works are the 
property of Mr. James Caldwell, who unfortunately lost a complete 
set of similar works by fire, in July, 1794, with the stock valued at 
37,500 dollars. The present buildings and machinery were begun and 
completed in eleven months. These works are decidedly superior to 
any of the kind in America. The whole of the machinery is worked 
by water. For the invention of this machinery the proprietor has ob- 
tained a patent. Morse. 



120 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

Yesterday enclosed Mr. Isaacs' letter to the Mayor of 
Albany. 

In the afternoon of the same day Mr. P. S. Van Rensse- 
laer left his card. 

This morning left card at Mr. Van Rensselaer's who 
was gone to Schenactaday. 

Dined at Lewis's table-d'hote; present, General Camp- 
bell, Mr. Morgan, &c. 

Inspection of the militia ; no order ; not sized ; ill-drilled. 
Muskets and rifles; duck guns, pop guns and bludgeons. 

Tea at Mr. Ellison's. 

Showers in the morning ; sultry ; heavy thunder gust. 

Saturday, June 28th. Walked south of the town, passed 
the slaughter-house, the largest that I had ever seen; 
ten or twelve butchers at work, had already flayed thirty 
carcasses of sheep, lambs and calves, many others were in 
the condemned hole ; excellent situation out of town, open 
to every wind, over a creek near the Hudson ; blood and 
entrails thrown into the creek, where they alfordeda fine 
feast to a drove of hogs. Proceeded to General Schuyler's 
(father-in-law to Mr. P. S. Van Rensselaer, the lieutenant 
governor, here better known by the title of the patron ;) 
pleasant situation near the town ; climbed the heights in 
the rear of his house ; fine view of the Hudson and sur- 
rounding country to the N. N. E. The prospect was shut in 
by the mountain opposite Saratoga, to the east of the river. 
Followed a small stream to a deserted mill, and from 
thence to a small but highly picturesque cascade. This 
is one of the most broken countries that I ever was in ; 
deep though narrow gullies, cut it up in every direction ; 
few of them can be passed even on foot, without much 
difficulty; on horseback, the passage is impracticable 
without artificial aid These gullies are evidently formed 
by the heavy rains of this country, whose torrents soon 
work a channel in a soil, apparently of sand and soft loam ; 
this part of the country may be termed the Barrens, prin- 
cipally producing the scrub pitch-pine (Scotch-fir) ; these 
pines were much wounded by a small grub, or caterpillar; 
some I found actively employed in eating their way into 
the young wood, and others in their nymph state. The 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 121 

grass was not cut, except in one field, and that was in 
cock ; the maize was not so forward as I had seen it a 
fortnight ago on York Island; the potatoes were about 
four inches out of the ground. Carrots we had this day 
to dinner for the first time. Young potatoes and cherries 
have not yet appeared in Albany. 

Sunday, June 29th. Saint Peter's ; Reverend T. Ellison. 
Dined at home with General Campbell, Mr. Morgan, Mr. 
Carpentier, Mr. Cockrane, Mr. Hayward, Mr. Ledgard, 

Mr. Bowers and from Charlestown. Walked to 

the cascade at Rensselaer's Mills, two miles opposite side 
of the river, superior to the cascade visited yesterday ; it 
is of a very different character to Lowdore-Falls near 
Kes wick- Lake, but I think would be generally more ad- 
mired. A saw-mill erected on the verge of the fall greatly 
improves its effect. In winter and spring this cascade is 
visible from Albany ; and from thence, Albany is seen in its 
best point of view, being little more than a mile from it 
in a straight line. 

Cold north west wind; a fire this day would not have 
been unpleasant. 

Monday, June 30th. Crossed the river to Bath, a town 
lately laid out by the Patron ; it at present consists of 
about thirty houses, but it is very doubtful if its further 
progress will be so rapid. The medicinal spring, and the 
baths, at one time so much wanted, are now shut up and 
neglected; yet, as a watering place, it was to have rivaled 
Ballstown, and as a trading place, Lansingburg and Troy. 
A country girl, returning from market, (who crossed the 
ferry at the same time,) spoke Dutch and English with 
equal fluency, and I may add with equal pertness. Climbed 
the heights east of Bath ; fine view up the river, and of 
Troy. Returned by the lower or Greenbush-ferry. Never 
saw the wild grape and wild strawberry vines in greater 
profusion; in the coppice near the river, scarcely a tree 
that did not support one of the former; or a field that 
was not over-run by the latter. This ramble was a very 
wild and a very pleasant one; the air bracing and refresh- 
ing, and highly perfumed with the fragrance of wild roses 
and red clover. White clover is a native of this country ; 
11 



122 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

the red is, I believe, an exotic, though it is now to be 
found in a wild state all over this part of the country, even 
in the woods. The birds I noticed were boblincolns, 
brown thrashers, and robins. 

Afternoon. Long walk to the west of the town; fell 
in with the stream, Buttermilk Falls, visited on Saturday; 
being scanty of water, followed its romantic course by 
taking advantage of the most elevated parts of its rocky 
channel ; the cliffs on each hand nearly approached the 
perpendicular, and were generally from about seventy to 
one hundred and twenty feet, or perhaps more, in height. 
My progress was at length stopped by the cascade already 
described. The water being very clear and cool, I took 
advantage of where the rock was formed by the waters 
into a natural bason, to bathe. The neighborhood very 
busy hay making. 

Tuesday, July 1st. Market; beef six and a quarter cents 
to nine cents per lb., average price about five to six cents ; 
in the fall of the year four cents. No fish, save sturgeon, 
vulgarly called Albany beef, and that soon bought up ; it 
is sold by the junk, and skinned on the spot, which skin 
is a fine feast for the hogs which regularly attend the fish 
market. The Americans brag much of their happy rid- 
dance from British tyranny and taxation. A word on 
this subject. The highest tax paid by any individual in 
this city, whilst under the British Government, was eight 
dollars per annum ; this same gentleman now pays, to the 
peace establishment of his country, one hundred and sixty 
dollars per annum, just twenty times as much! In 1787, 
the first year of the adoption of the present federal consti- 
tution, a house which then let in Albany for fifteen pounds 
per annum, now rents for seventy pounds New York cur- 
rency, which is as thirty-seven dollars and fifty cents, to 
one hundred and seventy-five dollars. Beef then sold for 
three cents, now six to nine cents ; butter nine cents, now 
twenty cents the year round ; eggs twenty for twelve cents 
and a half, now twelve for twelve cents and a half; stur- 
geon for one-third less ; wheat seventy-five cents, now one 
hundred and fifty cents per bushel ; wine one dollar per 
gallon, now two and three dollars. Accompanied Mr. 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 123 

Howard and to Wendell's Falls (Mills) the same 

which I yesterday visited ; this morning we also explored 
the part below the cascade so as to arrive at the foot of 
the fall ; the pool, or bason, formed in this place, appears 
well adapted for bathing. 

Evening. Caldwell's manufactory; followed the stream 
on which the same is erected ; climbed heights west of the 
Patroon's villa. Had I the kind devil-upon-two-sticks to 
befriend me, (for I know not how otherwise a stranger 
can get acquainted with the routine of their domestic 
economy, so sacred from profanation do they keep their 
household lares) ! I would, ere I bid adieu to this place, 
offer some observations on the manners of the Albanians, 
especially of the old Dutch inhabitants. However, let us 
hear what says the Duke de Liancourt. " L'Hospitalite 
pour les etrangers ne parait pas etre laqualite dominante 
des citoyens d'Albany; le peu que nous en avons vu est 
triste, lourd, vit chez lui avec une femme quelquefois 
belle, souvent gauche, a laquelle il ne dit pas trente pa- 
roles par jour, quoiqu'il 1'appelle, my dear!" 

If these "Lourds," when living, have not the heart to 
entertain their friends, they are at least generous to pro* 
fusion, when dead; when their eye cannot see, when their 
tongue can not chide, and when their heart can not grieve 
for the waste and extravagance of the " merry mourners," 
who, to supply the loss of their friend, liberate and adopt 
his wine ; who, as they consign the one to darkness, draw 
forth the other to light : and who, as good and honest 
executors wishing to do justice to the parties, take care 
that when the vault receives the one, it resigns the other ; 
thus, no man gets drunk with his own wine; thus, the 
saddest are the most joyful ; thus, though the host is not 
drunk, he is dead; though the guests are not dead, they 
are drunk ; and thus no scandal to say the host and guests 
are dead drunk If I have any thing more to say of 
Albany, 'tis that it is beyond the latitude of cherries, and 
that the citizens of the country drive waggons only; 
despising carts, their two horses harnessed chariot fashion. 

Morse, in 1797, speaks of the extreme deficiency of 
good water in Albany, and that the inhabitants were about 



124 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

to introduce water from a fine spring five miles west of 
the city. This fine spring water is yet without the gates of 
the city, where, on the 1st of July, 1800, I saw it playing 
like a fountain before the door of the manor house of the 
Patroon, his excellency the Lieutenant Governor. As for 
being obliged to use the dirty water of the river, I will 
beg leave to observe to Mr. Morse, that a very great pro- 
portion of the city do not use the river water, which said 
river water is far from being dirty; rather remarkable for 
its purity, being a pleasant, wholesome beverage. Great 
part of the city is supplied with water from a well in the 
main street ; but the best water is from a pump to the 
westward of the Episcopal Church ; it is a water that my 
palate can not find any fault with, nor my eyes perceive 
in it those animalcules Kalm speaks of; neither could I 
discover them in the well water. 

Wednesday, July 2d. 4J A. M. Started in the stage for 
Utica; passed Miss Jay, the Governor's daughter, in the 
public stage waggon ; passed General Oothout driving his 
own waggon. 

(7J A M. Schenectady,* Indian name, signifying End- 
of-the- Woods) sixteen miles ; Brownall's and Beat's Inn; 
breakfast loin of veal, ham, strawberries, cheese, coffee, 
tea, tarts, preserved apples, &c. &c. Drove some miles 
through rich and fertile flats on the banks of the Mohawk, 
worth one hundred and twenty-five dollars and upwards 
per acre; nineteen miles. Boats poling up the rapids, 
some difficulty in getting over them; water low; boats 
draw about two feet. 

Noon. Dine at Warren Bush, or Tripe Hill, thirty- 
three miles. 

* Schenectady; one hundred and fifty to two hundred houses, on 
the decline. Union College incorporated in 1797; thirty-seven stu- 
dents; four classes; first, Languages, eight students; second, History 
and Belles Lettres, twenty students; third, Mathematics, six students ; 
fourth, Philosophy, three students; funds and stock, 42,422 dollars 
and 60 cents, and 1604 acres of land: Library 1,000 volumes. Expense 
of education, including board #c., less than 100 dollars. 

There were eight hundred Indian warriors in Schenectady when 
Albany was first settled; three hundred of whom lived in a space now 
occupied by a single farm. Morse. 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 125 

5 P. M. Canajoharie, (Indian name, signifying the Boil- 
ing Pot), fifty-five miles. Mr. Elias Kane, fellow passenger, 
introduced me here to his brother Archibald, who has a 
well furnished store, and carries on a very extensive 
business. Archibald has been nearly five years in part- 
nership with his brother James, settled in Albany, who 
have in that time made a clear profit of fifty thousand 
dollars each ; two other brothers are settled in New York, 
and one at Fort Anne, near Lake George. 

A. and J. Kane took, in the course of last fall and 
winter, thirty- four thousand bushels of wheat, which were 
bought on an average at one dollar and fifty cents per 
bushel, fifty-one thousand dollars, and sold at New York 
for one dollar and ninety-three and three-quarters cents, 
sixty-five thousand eight hundred and seventy-five dollars. 
They took, also, in potash, two thousand five hundred 
barrels, worth on an average, twenty- five dollars per 
barrel, sixty-two thousand five hundred dollars. So that 
in these two ready money articles alone, they turned over 
upwards of one hundred and twenty thousand dollars. 

A large family is no burthen in America ; the prosperity 

of the K 's is owing, in a great measure, to their 

number ; it affords them an opportunity of playing into 
each others hands. 

Mr. Archibald Kane kindly insisted on my passing the 
evening and taking a bed at his house, to which invitation 
I readily yielded. While we were engaged with a bottle 
of claret, my servant was jockeying for a horse; the bar- 
gain was soon made, and I paid down the money first 
demanded, sixty-two dollars and fifty cents. 

Scrub pine and oak barrens from Albany to Schenectady ; 
then rich flats on the Mohawk ; red and ground squirrels ; 
yellow and black birds, robins, crows, a sea gull and wild 
ducks. Very cold morning; pleasant day. Walked a 
few miles, by getting start whilst the horses were 
changing. 

[Mr. Maude continued his journey to the Falls of Nia- 
gara, and down the St. Lawrence to Montreal. On the 
24th September, 1800, he left that city to return to New 



126 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

York by the way of Lake Champlain and the Hudson 
River. On the 30th September he arrived at Sandy Hill, 
on his approach to Albany; we quote again from his 
book :] 

Here I first got sight of the Hudson river, and fell in 
with the road from Lake George, which lake is ten miles 
to the N. W.; and Glens Falls on the Hudson, about two 
miles to the W. These falls were highly worth a visit, 
but I did not know of their existence till I arrived at 
Albany. 

9J P. M. Reached Fort Edward, one hundred and ninety- 
six miles. 

11 J A. M. Dined on my own provisions at Glusher's, 
two hundred and two miles. Noon ; proceed. 

| P. M. Cross the Hudson at two hundred and seven 
miles. My road from Fort Edward to this place has 
been along the E. side of the river; but from this ferry 
it keeps the right bank all the way to Albany. Here is a 
remarkable feature in the river ; it is still, deep, and 
spreads out into two bays, that to the west running far 
inland; the whole length of the one to the east we tra- 
versed in the ferry, landing at the very extremity of a 
sheltered cove. 

It was probably at this place that Burgoyne passed his 
army, and whose encampment extended hence to Fishkill, 
a distance of two miles, from the 10th to the 17th of Oc- 
tober, 1777, when this gallant band was under the morti- 
fying necessity of piling its arms. 

Passed the Fishkill or Schuyler's creek, two hundred 
and nine miles. To the right I saw the church at Sara- 
toga; on the left, due east, was a mountain which I had 
long had in view : this remarkable mountain is, I have 
great reason to suppose, the same which I observed from 
the heights west of Albany. 

2 P. M. Took a second slight refreshment at Fitzsim- 
mons' tavern, two hundred and fourteen miles. 

3J P. M. Proceed on foot, and cross the two fields of 
battle, of the 19th of September and 7th of October, 1777. 
Pass through Stillwater, prettily situated. 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 127 

5J P. M. My driver again baited his horses, two hun- 
dred eni twenty- three miles; proceed on foot. 

7 J P. M. Take up my lodging for the night at a Dutch 
tavern, two hundred and thirty-one miles, having jour- 
neyed forty-seven miles this day; good traveling for a 
farmer's waggon! 

My landlord, like the generality of Dutch innkeepers, 
was churlish, and extravagant in his charges. The soil 
of America appears not to have any influence upon the 
character they brought with them from the fens of Hol- 
land: they are still to the tenth and twentieth generation 
Dutch in person, dress, mind and manners. On crossing 
the Hudson, the Dutch ferryman asked me for my fare as a 
foot passenger. ** How so ? " " Because you got out of the 
wagon; had you remained in it, I must have been obliged 
to consider you as part of the load." Fine pleasant day 
and evening ; moonlight night. 

Wednesday, October 1st. 6 A. M. Begin my last day's 
journey. Pass through the handsome village of Water- 
ford,* or Halfmoon-point, two hundred and thirty three 
miles. View of Lansingburg,! on the opposite side of 
the river. Cross the Mohawk, over the bridge at the foot 
of the Cohoes Falls, near which I breakfasted at Forth's 
tavern, two hundred and thirty-five miles. After breakfast 
I visited the celebrated cataract of the Cohoes, and strange 
to say, I was more pleased with it now that I had seen 
Niagara, than I was five years ago, when I beheld it with 
disappointment. I then expected a grand and romantic fall ; 
I now amused myself with comparing its features and 
character with those of the many falls which I had lately 
seen. Niagara overhangs its base ; this projects in massy 
abutments ; the rock is of a very hard quality, yet in the 
bed of the river, which is solid rock, the water has worn 

* u On December the 3d, 1804, an excellent bridge, 800 feet in 
length, across the Hudson, from Waterford to Lansingburg, was 
opened with much ceremony and eclat. A procession, military, civil, 
and masonic, was formed at Lansingburg, crossed the Bridge, and 
partook of an entertainment at Waterford ; the governor and other 
respectable characters being among the guests." New York Paper. 

t I visited this place and Waterford on the 23d of June, 1795. 



128 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800, 

deep furrows and channels ; so that in one place, the water 
being low, the water was collected into one of these 
channels, about thirty feet wide, where the stream was 
very deep and rapid, all the rest of the bed being dry 
excepting the pot-holes, circular cavities formed by the 
rotary motion of stones and water. This river furnishes 
pike, bass, and trout. 

9 A. M. Proceed. 

9 1 A. M. Opposite to Troy, the view of which is highly 
beautiful from the ferry-house ; a noble river ran in front, 
and in its rear rises a high screen of varied woodlands. 

I now passed through a range of meadows that might 
vie with the celebrated German flats, previously men- 
tioned. I may here observe, that the country improved 
in beauty and fertility as I proceeded from Skenesborough 
to Albany. I had observed on my route pheasants, black, 
red, and ground squirrels, a sea-gull, and a skunk. I had 
almost forgotten to observe, that in the meadows just 
spoken of, are some of the noblest elms I ever saw, and 
many covered with grape-vines to their very summits. 

I was now no longer in a strange country ; step by step 
I recognized some well known object pointing out the vi- 
cinity of Albany. Far in the horizon rose the Catskill 
mountains, so beautifully arranged as justified my former 
admiration of them. The Hudson, broad, rapid and clear, 
reflected the early beams of the morning, and the neat and 
comfortable dwellings lining its eastern banks with the 
towns of Troy, Lansingburg, and Bath, overtopped and 
contrasted by the neighboring wooded heights : these, with 
the gay spreading meadows and their vine-covered elms, 
formed a glowing scene, that gave fire to my spirits ; for 
a more animated prospect I had not beheld since I left 
New York. All that eagerness and anxiety, all that 
" pleasing hope andfond desire," which agitates the bosom 
of those returning after a long absence to the abodes 
where affection has been awakened, and where expecting 
friends are stretching out the arms of welcome, took 
possession of my soul : not that Albany, or its inhabitants, 
had any strong hold upon my affections ; but in Albany 
I saw the haven from whence I had departed, and where 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 129 

I should end, all that had been new and doubtful of an 
expedition, which, however pleasantly prosecuted, and 
however happily terminated, had not been without its 
cares, its apprehensions, and its dangers. 

" The Genesee fever " was still proverbial for its malig- 
nancy, though now unjustly so; yet a schoolfellow of 
mine, Mr. Dennison, of Nottingham, would have been 
added to the list of its martyrs, had not the benevolence 
of Captain Williamson interfered. Many others of my 
acquaintance who visited the Genesee were seized with 
the fever ; indeed few of them escaped it. Shooting the 
rapids of the St. Lawrence will never be considered as 
boy's play: unknown dangers, too, no doubt, oft hung 
about me, but hidden from my sight and averted by that 
Almighty Being, who, in two impressive instances, snatched 
me from destruction, when all hope of other aid had died 
within me. With such sentiments, (and who in like cir- 
cumstances would not entertain such sentiments?) could I 
do other than hail the sight of Albany ? 

10J A. M. Reach Lewis's tavern, Albany, two hundred 
and forty-five miles from Montreal. Waited upon the 
Rev. Thomas Ellison, Mr. Ramsay, and Mr. Walsh. Tea 
and supper at Mr. Ellison's. Pleasant bright day. 

Thursday, October 2d. Wrote an account of my ad- 
ventures to John Johnstone, Esq , of Geneva. Met with 
Mr. Archibald Kane, who had so well entertained me at 
Canajoharie. Dined with the mayor, Philip Van Rensse- 
laer, Esq., who invited a large party to meet me. Took 
my passage for New York. 

Friday, October 3d. I passed the morning in wandering 
about the environs of Albany. 

44 P. M. Embarked. On stepping on board the sloop 
Magdelene, captain Wendal, I recognized Mr. Cuyler, of 
Greenbush, from whom I had received civilities on my first 
visit to Albany in 1795, and father to Mr. Wm. Cuyler, 
of Bath, Steuben county, with whom I had formed a 
friendly intimacy during my residence in captain William- 
son's family. 

Mr. Cuyler introduced me to my fellow-passengers, 
Mrs. Bruce, a widow lady of New York; and Mrs. Le 



130 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

Roy, his daughter, the wife of Mr. Robert Le Roy, mer- 
chant, of New York. I was so much pleased with the 
appearance of these ladies, as to be happy in so respecta- 
ble an introduction ; while to them it was no little 
gratification to find that their future associate was no 
stranger, but one to whose protection Mr. Cuyler cheer- 
fully confided them as his acquaintance and his son's friend. 

Mrs. Le Roy had her two children with her; Jacob, 
about seven years of age, and Louisa, in her third year. 
Immediately after my introduction, Mr. Cuyler took his 
leave, and we set sail with a smart fair wind at N. W. 

5 P. M. Grounded on the upper Overslaugh three miles. 

7 p. M. Grounded on the lower Overslaugh, eight 
miles. As there was no prospect of our getting over this 
shoal till the tide had attained its highest point, we took 
in all our sail and carried out an anchor into deep water. 
This lower Overslaugh has seldom more than eight feet 
of water upon it even in spring tides, and our sloop drew 
seven feet, though a great part of her lading was on board a 
lighter, and not to be shipped till we had passed these shoals 
which are a severe interruption to the navigation between 
New York and Albany, and which might otherwise be car- 
ried on in vessels of larger burthen than are now employed 
in this trade. There are a variety of channels among 
those beds of sand called the Overslaughs, and the main 
channel shifts almost every year. The remedy is easy : 
block up all the channels except one, and the water will 
accumulate there, and keep it ever free. 

Having made all snug on deck, we sat down to an excel- 
lent supper, which had been sent on board by Mr. Cuyler. 
I found the two ladies precisely what I wished ladies in a 
ship's cabin to be; not so free and easy, as to forget the 
manners of the drawing-room ; nor so starch and full of 
self-importance, as to raise contempt and disgust. 

Hitherto I had voyaged with ladies too free or too con- 
sequential. Having at this time nothing to fear from 
coarse manners, or mistaken pride, I had only to guard 
against, and prevent, another source of much uneasiness 
and constraint, which, among those the best disposed for 
harmonious intercourse, inevitably arises from the want 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 131 

of that proper understanding which delicacy, seemingly, 
forbids. I thus opened the subject: "You will observe, 
ladies, that we all sleep in the same cabin ; that a slight 
curtain only separates us. I know from experience that 
a system, understood by both parties, should be adopted 
for our mutual convenience; for where false delicacy has 
prevented explanation, constraint, inquietude, and real 
indelicacy, has been the consequence. My plan is simply 
this: that we sup at eight, breakfast at eight, and dine, 
as wind, weather, and circumstances permit; that we 
chat and talk an hour or two after supper, when I will 
keep the watch on deck for an hour, time sufficient, 
surely, for you to put on your night-caps ! one hour be- 
fore, and two hours after dinner, I will leave you in full 
possession of the cabin; but at no time do I wish to have 
exclusive possession of it myself, as I shall always make 
my toilet before breakfast. I am an early riser, and will 
walk the deck till you announce breakfast." 

The ladies very kindly thanked me for yielding so much 
to their accommodation, assuring me, at the same time, 
that I had removed their only objection to the sloops, so 
superior in other respects to the journey by land. Plea- 
sant weather and fair wind, N. W. ; very bright moonlight 
night. 

Saturday, October 4th. Went early on deck ; the dawn 
brought a heavy fog. 

7 A. M. Being high water, we endeavored to warp off 
the shoal ; we succeeded only in part, and were obliged to 
wait another tide. It is always high water at Albany at 
the rising and setting of the moon. 

8 A. M. The fog having dispersed, I took the boat and 
rowed to Castleton, on the E. shore, and having procured 
milk and eggs, I hastened back to breakfast. On the W. 
shore I noticed Colonel Nicol's house, where we landed 
the accomplished tutor of his children on my voyage up. 
An island which lay a short distance above us, I recog- 
nized to be Overberg or Highhill island, which in June 
last afforded me nothing better than sour cherries ; I de- 
termined, therefore, to try my fortune after breakfast on 
a smaller island that lay nearer to the sloop, 

Iti 




132 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

about two miles in length. I took two hands in the boat 
with me, and finding the island uninhabited, we took for- 
mal possession of it. The province of discovery was 
left to me, while my companions undertook to procure a 
mess of fish. 

There was great plenty of good timber on the island, 
and so much underwood, that I found it very difficult to 
make the tour of it. I collected the small black frost 
grape, and the large tough fox grape. I was informed 
that on some of the islands in this part of the Hudson, 
there were not only other species of the fox grape, but 
also a red grape, and a very fine white grape, both un- 
known in either parts of the United States. 

On re-joining the two sailors at our rendezvous, I found 
that they had caught a dishfull of yellow perch. 

On my return on board, I was sorry to observe that 
we had received two additional passengers, a Mr. Thur- 
man, and his niece, Miss Brazier. 

6 P. M. Being high water we succeeded in warping off 
the Overslaugh. We now took on board our full lading 
from the lighter, our cargo consisting of four hundred 
barrels of potash, of four cwt. each, value .3 per cwt. 
or 4,800* New York currency, being thirty dollars per 
barrel. 

Falling calm we out sweeps, and rowed three miles, 
eleven miles from Albany, when we came to an anchor. 
Very fine day and night. 

Sunday, October 5th. As the moon set the fog rose. 

9J A. M. Fog cleared off with a light air from the north. 

10 A. M. Light head wind from the south. 

Noon ; drifted to leeward of an island opposite to Coey- 
man's twelve miles. Here was another detention, but 
fully compensated to the original party, by the beauty of 
the surrounding scenery, and the harmony of our society, 
Mr. Thurman was a sensible person, of a quiet and se- 
rious cast. His niece was* apparently of an unsociable 
disposition, which every effort of ours to amend proved 

* As the New York currency is eight shillings the dollar, 4,800 is 
12.000 dollars, or .2.700 sterling. 



Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 133 

unavailing. She seemed best pleased when left to her 
own meditations ; and these, judging from her countenance, 
were not very profound. 

As for Jacob, he was too wild for his mother, and was 
put entirely under my care. Louisa was my little dar- 
ling. In the evening I took Jacob with me (a great favor), 
and made a trip to the village of Coeyman's, consisting of 
about thirty houses on the W. shore, and at the mouth 
of Coeyman's-kill. Visited general McKay's. Calm 
morning ; rain in the night. 

Monday, October 6th. During the whole of this morn- 
ing we had a severe storm of wind and rain, thunder and 
lightning from the south. Our situation to leeward of 
Coeyman's island, which we yesterday considered as a 
piece of bad fortune, now turned out to be the most se- 
cure situation we could have chosen. 

3 P. M. The storm having spent its fury, and the wind 
having got into the W. and being moderate, we got under 
weigh. 

3i P. M. Abreast of Baltimore, fourteen miles. This is 
a shabby village on the W. shore, and contains about 
twenty-five houses. 

5 P. M. Abreast of Mr. McMachin's house, near Kinder- 
hook landing, on E. side, twenty miles. Moderate as was 
our present rate of sailing, we made still less progress in 
the night, the wind having less influence than the tide. 

Tuesday, October 7th. 1 A. M. Came to an anchor off 
Lunenberg, thirty-four miles. 

6 A. M. I took the boat and allowing my young friend 
to accompany me, we crossed over to the E. side of the 
river, and landed at the city of Hudson, thirty-four miles, 
where we procured milk, bread and beef, but no porter 
could be had. Jacob was quite delighted with the fre- 
quent trips I made on shore, when I never failed to take 
him with me, if circumstances would admit of it. It had 
two beneficial effects : it put him on his good behavior, 
and tranquilized his mother, who never thought him safe 
but when I had charge of him; for, like a true " Pickle," 
his delight was to alarm her by running into danger: the 
more danger, the more fun. Louisa saw her interest in 

12 



134 Maude's Visit to Albany in 1800. 

these expeditions; she never was forgotten in our traf- 
ficking with the natives ; she took care to be the first to 
rummage the basket, and generally found something for her 
own store-room. 

8 A. M. Weighed anchor. The wind being S. we had 
to beat down the river. 

10 A. M. Abreast of the village at the mouth of the 
Catskill, forty miles. It is a pretty situation in Jay's 
valley. We had a fine prospect, including the Catskill 
mountains. On the opposite or E. side of the river was 
Oakhill, the seat of John Livingston, Esq., of New York. 
Forty miles. Up" topsail. 

11 A. M. The old manor-house of the Livingstons, on 
E. side, forty-two miles. 

2J P. M. Chancellor Livingston's and his mother's 
house, a fine situation, fifty miles. Wind increased. Down 
top-sail. 

3 P. M. Abreast of the pretty and well-built, village of 
Redhook, E. side, fifty-two miles. The Catskill moun- 
tains now appeared to their greatest advantage. 

4 P. M. A stately house, built by John Livingston, 
which, with two hundred acres of land, cost fifty thousand 
dollars, E. side, fifty- six miles. When we were abreast of 
the Esopus meadows, (sixty-miles), we thought it time to 
fill our water-casks, but to our vexation this work had 
been deferred too long, for the water was already brackish, 
at this distance of one hundred miles from New York. 
The captain, in justification, assured us, that he had never 
known the water brackish so high up the river ; that the 
water is generally fresh in the Highlands, and sometimes 
even in Haverstraw bay, sixty miles below our present 
situation. 

10 P. M. Abreast of Poughkeepsie. E. side, half way 
between Albany and New York, eighty miles. The wind 
had been very variable the whole day, and our rate of 
sailing about three knots an hour. Fine clear weather. 

[The above will suffice to show the mode of passage, 
and the facilities afforded for a trip to New York by water, 
half a century ago.] 



( 135 ) 



ALBANY COUNTY. 

From Mather & Brockett's Geography of the State of New York. 

1845. 

Square miles, 515. Population, 77,268. 
Organized, 1683. Valuation, $15,603,161. 

TOWNS. 

1. Albany, 1686. 6. Berne, 1795. 

2. Watervliet, 1788. 7. Guilderland, 1803. 

3. Rensselaerville, 1790. 8. Westerlo, 1815. 

4. Coeymans, 1791. 9. Knox, 1822. 

5. Bethlehem, 1793. 10. New Scotland, 1832. 
Mountains. Helderberg hills. 

Rivers, &c. Hudson, Mohawk, Norman's kill, Coeymans 

creek, Haivnakraus kill, Provost creek, Foxes creek. 
Falls. Cohoes falls. 
Cities and Villages. Albany, West Troy, Coeymans, 

Rensselaerville, Cohoes. 

BOUNDARIES. North by Schenectady and Saratoga 
counties; east by the Hudson; south by Greene; and 
west by Schoharie county. 

SURFACE. The surface is much varied. Along the 
Hudson, extends an alluvial valley, from a fourth of a 
mile to a mile in width. From this valley the land rises 
abruptly, 140 feet, and thence a table land gradually 
ascends, to the base of the Helderberg hills. Along the 
Mohawk, the surface is rugged and broken. 

The Helderberg hills extend through the western part 
of the county, unitiiig, on the south, with the Catskill 
range. They are from 400 to 500 feet in height, and 
very precipitous. Their elevation is quite uniform, dis- 
playing no isolated peaks. 

RIVERS AND STREAMS. The county is well watered. 
Besides the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, which partially 
bound it, the Norman's kill, Coeymans creek, Haivna- 
kraus kill, Provost creek, Foxes creek, Boza kill, Vlaman's 
kill and the Patroon's creek, are the principal streams. 



136 Albany County. 

Most of these, as well as several smaller streams, have 
valuable waterfalls, affording great facilities for manufac- 
turing. 

The Cohoes, or Great Falls of the Mohawk, at the 
village of Cohoes, lie partly in this, and partly in Sara- 
toga county. The river here descends, at a single leap, 
70 feet, and then pursues its way, over the rocks, in the 
channel, which its waters have cut through the solid rock, 
to the depth of more than 100 feet, to the Hudson. Few 
cataracts possess more picturesque beauty. 

RAILROADS. The Troy and Schenectady, and the Mo- 
hawk and Hudson railroads, cross the northeastern sec- 
tion of the county, and the Catskill and Canajoharie, the 
southeastern. 

CLIMATE. The climate is quite variable, being subject 
to great extremes of heat and cold. Though unfavorable 
to those affected with pulmonary diseases, it is considered 
as generally healthy. 

GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY. The geological formation 
of the county is transition ; graywacke and slate are the 
prominent characteristics of the banks of the Hudson 
and Mohawk. In the Helderbergs, are found lime and 
sandstone, both abounding in organic remains. 

In the elevated table lands, lying between the Helder- 
bergs and the Hudson river, are thick beds of blue and 
yellow marl, of clayey consistence, and destitute of fossils. 
They are covered with yellow sand. Bog iron ore is found 
in numerous localities in the county. Marl and water 
limestone also abound. There are several mineral springs, 
some of which contain sulphuretted hydrogen, others car- 
bonic acid gas, iron and magnesia. Epsom salts are found 
at Coeymans landing, and petroleum in Guilderland. In 
the limestone cliffs of the Helderbergs, are several exten- 
sive caverns, containing quartz and other crystals, stalac- 
tites and stalagmites of great beauty; calcareous spar, 
bitumen and alum also occur in the county. 

SOIL AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTIONS. A portion of the 
soil is fertile and productive, and most of that which was 
naturally sterile, has, by the skill of the husbandman, 
been made to yield abundant returns. Considerable tracts, 
however, are not susceptible of cultivation. The timber 



Albany County. 137 

of the county is principally pine, hemlock, oak, hickory, 
elm, chestnut and birch. 

PURSUITS. Agriculture is the pursuit of a majority of 
the inhabitants. This may be reckoned as one of the 
grain growing counties, although not one of the most 
productive. Oats, corn, rye, buckwheat and barley, are 
the principal grains ; potatoes are raised in considerable 
quantities. The western part is favorable to grazing, and 
butter is there largely produced. The number of sheep 
in the county is large, and increasing annually. 

Manufactures also occupy the attention of a large 
number of the citizens of the county. In 1845, these 
considerably exceeded two and a half millions of dollars, 
of which about two millions were produced in the city 
of Albany. The principal articles manufactured were, 
iron ware, flour, malt liquors, coaches and sleighs, ma- 
chinery, cotton and woollen goods, brick, cordage, oil and 
oil cloths. 

Commerce. The navigation of the Hudson river, and 
the Erie and Champlain canals, furnishes employment to 
large numbers, and this commerce is increasing, in a rapid 
annual ratio. Tolls were received, in 1845, in the county, 
upon produce valued at about twenty-seven millions of 
dollars. About thirty- five steamers, seventy tow-boats, 
and 630 sloops and schooners, besides scows, &c., are 
employed in the Albany trade, on the Hudson. The total 
amount of shipping, belonging to the county, is about 
60,000 tons. 

STAPLE PRODUCTIONS. Oats, corn, rye, barley, buck- 
wheat, butter and wool. 

SCHOOLS. There are, in the county of Albany, 160 
district school houses. In 1845, schools were taught, on 
an average, ten months. During that year, 14,600 child- 
ren were instructed, at an expense of about $25,000, for 
tuition. The district libraries contained about 29,000 
volumes. There were also in the county, the same year, 
111 unincorporated private schools, with 3,856 pupils; 
three academies, and two female seminaries, with 637 
pupils ; one state normal school, with 294 pupils ; and one 
medical college, with 114 students. 



138 Albany County. 

RELIGIOUS DENOMINATIONS. Methodists, Dutch Re- 
formed, Baptists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians, Roman 
Catholics, Friends, Unitarians, Lutherans, Congregation- 
alists, Universalists, and Jews. 

HISTORY When Henry Hudson ascended the North 
river, in 1609, he despatched Hendrick Corstiaensen, with 
a small crew, in a boat, to ascertain the highest point to 
which that river was navigable. Corstiaensen penetrated 
as far as Troy, or Lansingburgh, but landed at the present 
site of the city of Albany. 

In 1611, or 12, he returned and erected a trading house 
on Boyd's island, a short distance below the Albany ferry. 
In the ensuing spring, this was so much injured by the 
ice and the freshet, that he was compelled to abandon it. 
He then erected a fort on a hill about two miles south of 
Albany. 

In 1623, a fort was erected near the present Fort Orange 
Hotel, in the city of Albany, mounting eight large cannon.* 
It was named Fort Orange, in honor of the Prince of 
Orange, who, at that time, presided over the Netherlands. 
This fort was intended to subserve the double purpose of 
affording convenient accommodations for the traffic with 
the Indians, and also of serving as a protection against 
sudden attacks from them. It was only occupied during 
the autumn and winter, by the traders, whose object was 
trade, not colonization. 

In 1630, Kilaen Van Rensselaer, a wealthy pearl mer- 
chant, of Amsterdam, purchased, through his agents, a 
large tract of land, including most of this, as well as seve- 
ral of the adjacent counties. 

Over this extensive tract, he possessed all the authority 
of a sovereign, and, anxious to improve it to the best 
advantage, he sent a colony here, in 1631, well provided 
with whatever was necessary, to commence a new settle- 
ment. To his estate he gave the name of Rensselaerwyck. 

It is believed that he never visited his colony. The 
administration of justice, and the management of its finan- 

* Stone pieces, they are called in the original Dutch reports; mean- 
ing, according to Judge Vanderkemp, that they were loaded with 
stone, instead of iron balls. They were of very large caliber. 



Albany County. 139 

cial affairs, he committed to a commissary general. For- 
tunate in the selection of these, his colony prospered 
much more than that at New Amsterdam, and it was to 
the good offices of Van Curler, or Corlaer, the first com- 
missary, that the colonists at New Amsterdam were 
indebted, more than once, for their preservation from 
destruction, at the hands of the savages. This excellent 
man cultivated the most friendly relations with the Indi- 
ans, and so strong was their affection for him, that ever 
after, they applied the name of Corlaer to the governors 
of New York, as the highest title of respect. 

In 1642, Mr. Van Rensselaer sent over the Rev. Jo- 
hannes Megapolensis , as minister of Rensselaerwyck, 
supporting him at his own expense. The first church was 
erected the succeeding year, and furnished with a bell 
and pulpit, by the Dutch West India Company. In 1646, 
the venerable patroon died, at Amsterdam. His son Jo- 
hannes, then a minor, succeeded him. 

During the administration of Governor Stuyvesant, 
serious difficulties occurred between him and the agent 
of the patroon, which were finally referred to the states 
general of Holland, for decision. After New York came 
into the possession of the English, the name of Beaver- 
wyck, which had been bestowed upon the settlement, 
was changed to Albany, that being one of the titles of the 
Duke of York. The right of soil was confirmed to the 
patroon, by a new patent, but the government was retained 
in the hands of the governor of the colony. 

In 1686, Governor Dongan granted a charter to the city 
of Albany, and Peter Schuyler, the friend of the Indians, 
was elected the first mayor. 

In ] 689-90, the citizens of this county refused to submit 
to the administration of Leisler and Milborne, but were 
at length compelled, by the fears of an Indian invasion, 
to yield allegiance. No sooner, however, did Colonel 
Sloughter arrive, than he was welcomed by the people of 
this county, whose attachment to Leisler had never been 
ardent or sincere. 

In all the treaties with the Indian tribes, the citizens 
of Albany bore a conspicuous part, and so entirely had 



140 Albany County. 

they won the confidence of the savages, that from the date 
of its settlement, the county was never invaded by these 
sons of the forest. The Schuyler family, for several 
generations, exerted a powerful influence over the Indians. 

During the revolution, the Albany committee nobly 
sustained their countrymen, in their opposition to British 
sway, and afforded aid, in troops and money, to the suffer- 
ing inhabitants of Tyron county, to assist them in repel- 
ling the frequent attacks of the merciless hordes of tories 
and Indians, who ravaged their settlements. Burgoyne 
had boasted, at the commencement of his campaign, that 
his army should revel upon the spoils of Albany ; but he 
only visited the city as a captive. Sir Henry Clinton 
twice attempted to invade it, but met with sufficient obsta- 
cles to prevent his success. 

It became the capital of the state in 1807. Since the 
introduction of steamboats, and the completion of the 
canals, the growth of the city and county has been rapid, 
and the lines of railroads, which connect it with Boston 
and Buffalo, are giving it a still greater impulse. 

The extensive manor of Rensselaerwyck, occupying a 
territory twenty-four by forty-eight miles in extent, de- 
scended, by entailment, to the eldest male descendant of 
Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. The last proprietor was the 
late patroon, Stephen Van Rensselaer, a man whose 
munificent patronage of every object which could benefit 
his fellow citizens, or aid in diffusing happiness among 
men, has embalmed his memory. At his death, the manor 
was divided between his two sons, Stephen and William 
P. Van Rensselaer, the former receiving the portion west 
of the Hudson, and the latter that lying east of the river. 
The lands had usually been granted on permanent leases, 
the rental being payable in produce. Some personal ser- 
vices were usually required, by the terms of the lease, but 
seldom exacted by the patroon. The effort, on the part 
of the present proprietors, to enforce the collection of the 
rents, was met by strenuous opposition, on the part of the 
tenants, who formed themselves into armed organizations, 
and in their conflict with the officers of the law, several 
individuals were killed. These organizations have, of 



Albany County. 141 

late, assumed a political character. Both the proprietors 
and the tenants have sought redress from the legislature, 
but as yet no decisive action has been taken by that body. 
The inconsistency of the feudal tenure, with the spirit of 
our institutions, will be admitted by all; but there is 
great difficulty in legislating justly upon the subject. 

CITIES AND VILLAGES. Albany city is situated on the 
west bank of the Hudson, 145 miles above New York. It 
appears to great advantage, from the river, rising rapidly 
from the bank, and exhibiting its public buildings in bold 
relief. The alluvial valley of the Hudson extends about 
a quarter of a mile from the river bank. From this val- 
ley, a bluff rises abruptly, 140 feet, and, in the distance 
of a mile, about eighty feet more. Upon this bluff, are 
situated most of the public buildings. 

In 1845, the city had 116 streets and lanes. It is 
divided into ten wards, each of which elect annually, an 
alderman and assistant alderman, who together form the 
common council of the city. 

The public buildings are, many of them, elegant and 
costly. The Capitol, erected at an expense of $120,000, 
is a fine freestone edifice. The State Hall, built of white 
marble, and fireproof, is an elegant building, of the Ionic 
order, surmounted by a dome. It cost $350,000. The 
City Hall stands near it, and is also a fine Grecian struc- 
ture, of white marble, surmounted by a gilded done. The 
Albany Academy, an elegant building of Nyack freestone, 
opposite the state hall, cost, including the grounds, more 
than $100,000. This building and the capitol have large 
parks in front, surrounded by substantial iron fences, 
and planted with ornamental trees and shrubbery. 

The Albany Female Academy is a chaste, marble build- 
ing, erected at a cost of about $30,000. The Albany 
Exchange, of massive granite ; the Museum, of marble ; 
the Medical College, of brick, and well adapted to th*e 
purposes to which it is applied ; the State Normal School ; 
and the State Geological Rooms, occupying the old state 
hall, are the other principal buildings. 

Several of the churches, also, are deserving of notice, 
for their architectural beauty. Among these, we may 



142 Albany County. 

mention the Middle Dutch Church, on Beaver street ; the 
Pearl Street Baptist Church, a finely proportioned struc- 
ture, in the Ionic style, and surmounted by a splendid 
dome ; the Hudson Street Methodist Church, one of the 
most chaste and beautiful models for a church in the 
United States; the Presbyterian and Roman Catholic 
Churches, in Chapel street, &c., &c. 

Among the hotels, the Delavan House stands preemi- 
nent for simple grandeur and chasteness of architecture. 
It was completed in 1845, and cost about $200,000. The 
Eagle, Congress Hall, Mansion, Townsend, American, 
City, Carlton, Stanwix Hall, and the Franklin House, are 
also well conducted hotels. 

The State Library, founded by the munificence of the 
state, has an excellent collection of works on history, 
geography, and general literature. An extensive law 
library is connected with it. The entire collection num- 
bers over 15,000 volumes, and is accessible to all, without 
charge. 

The Albany Library, founded in 1792, and now num- 
bering about 9,000 volumes, occupies apartments in the 
Albany Female Academy. The Albany Institute is a 
scientific institution, designed to encourage attention to 
history, and general science, in the city and state. It has 
a valuable library, of nearly 2000 volumes, in the building 
of the Albany Academy. 

The Young Men's Association occupies a fine suite of 
rooms in the Exchange. It has a well conducted reading 
room, a library of 3200 volumes, and sustains a course of 
lectures each winter. The number of its members is over 
1500. It was the first institution of the kind in the state. 

The Alms House has connected with it, a fine farm of 
150 acres, cultivated by the inmates. There are in the 
city, two Orphan Asylums, supported by private charity, 
which provide for the support and education of about 150 
children ; and a number of other benevolent societies. 

The Albany Academy, founded in 1813, has eight 
teachers, and about 200 pupils. The Albany Female 
Academy, founded in 1814, has twelve teachers, and 
about 275 pupils. The Albany Female Seminary has six 



Albany County. 143 

teachers. There are numerous other schools, of con- 
siderable reputation. The public schools have nine school 
houses, costing between $30,000 and $40,000. 

The Albany Medical College is a flourishing medical 
school, having an able faculty, and one of the best ana- 
tomical museums in the United States. It has seven 
professors. 

The State Geological Rooms, in the old state hall, 
contain the splendid collection of the state geologists, 
arranged, in the lower rooms, in the order of the succes- 
sive strata, and in the upper, in the order of the counties. 
Here, too, are specimens of the mineral and vegetable 
treasures of the state, appropriately arranged, and a large 
collection of the quadrupeds, birds, fishes and reptiles of 
the state. They are open, free of expense, to all. 

At the junction of the Erie canal with the Hudson, the 
citizens have constructed an extensive basin, to protect 
the boats from the winds, and give them greater facilities 
for discharging their cargoes. 

The city is largely engaged in manufactures. Its iron 
foundries are among the largest in the country. More 
stoves are manufactured here, than in any other city, or 
town, in the Union. Coaches, sleighs, hats, caps, and 
bonnets, are also largely manufactured; the three latter 
articles, to the amount of nearly one million of dollars, 
annually. It has extensive manufactories of piano fortes. 
Leather is produced to the amount of more than $400,000 
per annum. Population in 1845, 41,139. 

West Troy, in the town of Watervliet, is a thriving 
village, possessing excellent hydraulic privileges, which it 
derives from the surplus waters of the Erie canal. It is a 
convenient depot for merchandise, from its facilities for 
transportation, and is largely engaged in manufactures, 
having twenty-five or thirty manufacturing establishments. 
The United States Arsenal, established here in 1813, is 
the largest arsenal of construction in the United States. 
Attached to the establishment, are about 100 acres of 
land, containing thirty-eight buildings, for workshops and 
storehouses. It constantly employs about 200 officers, 
soldiers,and workmen, and manufactures annually muni- 



144 Albany County. 

tions of war, to the amount of about $100,000. The 
grounds are enclosed by an iron fence in front, and a wall 
of stone on the sides and rear. 

The Erie and Cham plain canals form a junction, a 
short distance above the village, and a bridge and two 
ferries connect it with Troy. Population in 1845, about 
6000. 

At Neskayuna, in the same township, is a community 
of shaking quakers, established in 1776, by Ann Lee, the 
founder of the sect. This was the first Shaker establish- 
ment in the United States. 

Cohoes village, also in this town, possesses one of the 
finest water privileges in the state, and its advantages for 
manufacturing, are hardly surpassed. It is estimated, 
that at the lowest stage of the water, there is sufficient to 
run 1,000.000 spindles. Population in 1845, over 2000. 

Rensselaerville, in the town of the same name, is situ- 
ated on Foxes creek. It has some manufactures, and 
about 1000 inhabitants.* 

Coeymans is a small manufacturing village, having a 
good landing, and some trade with New York. It has 
also some manufactures. Population, 1000. 

* From this town, in 1779, Captain Deitz, and two lads named 
John and Robert Brice, were taken as captives, by the Indians, and 
suffered all the barbarities which the malice of the savages could 
inflict. Captain Deitz died at Montreal, from the effect of their 
cruelties, but the boys were exchanged at the close of the war, and 
returned home. This is believed to have been the nearest approach 
made to Albany, by the Indians, during the Revolution. 



( 145) 



NOTES FEOM THE NEWSPAPEKS. 

Continued from p. 211, vol. 2. 

1790. 

The following table gives the population and names of 
the towns of the county of Albany, in the orthography of 
that day. 



Towns. 


Males. 


Females. 


Slaves. 


Total. 




1467 


1467 


572 


3506 


Water- Vliet 


3456 


3481 


730 


7667 




3972 


3504 


572 


8048 




3652 


3362 


28 


7042 


Schohary, 


979 


936 


154 


2069 




787 


704 


4 


1495 




1979 


1871 


467 


4317 


Hosack, 


1542 


1455 


36 


3033 




1818 


1668 


121 


3607 


Coxsakie 


1626 


1488 


302 


3416 




1625 


1394 


62 


3081 


Cattskill, 


836 


844 


308 


1988 


Eallston 


3640 


3117 


66 


6823 


Schaticook 


786 


694 


137 


1617 




2515 


2404 


48 


4967 


Stillwater 


1559 


1428 


65 


3052 


Easton, 


1266 


1179 


57 


2502 


Pittstown 


1260 


1134 


31 


2425 


Freehold 


873 


869 


6 


1748 




1450 


1316 


11 


2777 














37,088 


34,315 


3,777 


75,180 



Dec. 26. Rev. Eilardus Westerlo, senior pastor of the 
Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, died aged 53, in the 
thirty-first year of his ministry. He was greatly respected 
for his piety and learning, and his funeral was attended 
by a large concourse of the people of the city and neigh- 
boring towns, who followed his remains to the vault of 
the Van Rensselaer family, where he was interred. 
13 



146 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



Of the 65 members composing the assembly of the state, 
Albany sent 10, and New York, 9. This was an unfair 
representation, by which Aaron Burr was elected United 
States Senator over Philip Schuyler, and the southern 
part of the state had both of the senators, giving great 
dissatisfaction to the north. The following table shows 
the population of the counties at this time, according to 
the new census returns. 



Richmond, 3,928 

Suffolk, 16,094 

Ulster, 26,390 

Washington, 13,388 

Westchester, 22,741 



Albany, 75,180 

Columbia, 27,545 

Clinton and Ontario,.. 4,500 

Dutchess, 42,235 

Kings, 4,423 

Montgomery, 26,606 

New York, 30,032 324,127 

Orange, 16,677 15 counties. 

Queens, 14,385 

It will be seen that Albany county outnumbered the 
next two highest, New York and Dutchess. It was also 
found by this census, that the number of electors in the 
state, (exclusive of Ontario and Clinton counties, which 
made no returns) entitled to vote for senators, was 19,369. 
and that the number entitled to vote for members of assem- 
bly, was 38,237. It was supposed that those two counties 
would add 166 to the former and 411 to the latter; which 
would give Albany 17 members instead of 10, and New 
York 7 instead of 9, at the rate of 1 member to 544 elec- 
tors ; 70 members in all. 

1791. 

An act of the Legislature divided the county of Albany 
into three counties ; all that portion lying east of the Hud- 
son was called Rensselaer county ; and that lying west of 
the Hudson, and north of the Mohawk river was called 
Saratoga, By this arrangement what was left of the old 
county contained 28,192; that of Rensselaer 29,634, and 
that of Saratoga 17,463. The town of Rensselaerwyck 
was also divided into two towns. 

March 17. The assize of bread was a loaf of *' common 
or tail flour" to weigh 2 Ibs. 8 oz., for 6d. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 147 

% 

March 25. The first mail from Albany reached Ben- 
nington, on the 30th anniversary of the settlement of that 
town. The mail between Albany and New York was 
required to be carried but once a week by the government 
contract, but the contractors usually exceeded their bonds 
by carrying it twice a week. The Gazette complained 
that there was so much carelessness and loss in its trans- 
mission by the stage drivers that business men resorted 
principally to private conveyances. 

The legislature passed a law authorizing the city author- 
ities to raise 350 by tax for the support of a night watch ; 
and by another act, 2000 were to be raised for completing 
the court house and jail. 

April 12. It is mentioned as a congratulatory event, 
that 40 vessels arrived at this port in one day, or passed 
it for Troy and Lansingburgh. That 18 vessels, of which 
16 were of from 40 to 80 tons, lay at the port of Lansing- 
burgh, and the sloop Nancy had performed the trip to New 
York and back in 7 days. 

April 18. On account of the prevalence of small pox 
in the city, the printers declined purchasing rags for six 
weeks from this date. 

The receipts into the treasury of the city for the half 
year ending April 18, were 1500 3s. 3Jd., and the dis- 
bursements, 1193, 19s. 9Jd, leaving a balance in the 
treasury of 346, 3s. 6jd. 

May 16. A slight shock of an earthquake gave the 
citizens of Albany a few oscillations about twenty minutes 
past 10 o'clock in the morning. 

Complaints are frequently made of the perils of a jour- 
ney to Schenectady by the common road. A person who 
had with some difficulty reached that place in June, gives 
the following "advice to wagoners, or such persons as 
follow riding loads to and from Schenectady and Albany." 
"First," he says, " collect all the axletrees that are now 
in use, and put them in one general pile, and burn them 
on the evening of the fourth of July, and proclaim your- 
selves free from the traditions of your fathers. Then 
cause new ones to be made out so as to let the track of 
the wagon be five feet from centre to centre of the felloes ; 



148 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



and let that day forever after be called the day for laying 
aside folly and adopting wisdom in its stead." The bene- 
fits to be derived from this revolution in axletrees, were 
numerous; but an important one among them, and one 
which will appear a little singular on so plain a road as 
this, was a remedy against the "liability to upset," or 
overset. The dawn of the era of rail roads was yet half 
a century distant, and unimagined. 

The following table shows the price current for the 
principal articles of commerce at this time, and the differ- 
ence in the market at Albany and New York. 



Albany Prices. 

Wheat, 6s 4d, 

Rye, 4s, 

Corn, 3s 6d, 

Oats, 2s, 

Flour, 16s to 18s, 

Pipe Staves, 11 10* per M., 

Boards, 6d to 7d, 

Plank, 9d to lOd, 

Madeira wine, 18s, 

Port, 12s, 

Sherry, Us, 

Teneriffe, 5s 6d, 

High-proof Brandy, 10s, 

Gin, 40s per case, 

Spirits, 7s 6d per gal, 

W. I. Rum, 5s 6d, 

New Rum, 3s 4d, 

Molasses, 3s 3d, 

Muscovado sugar, 90s to 100s per 

cwt. 

Loaf do, Is 10d per lb., 
Coffee, Is 8d, 
Chocolate, 14d, 
Hyson tea, 10s 6d, 
Bohea, 3s 3d, 
Snuff in bladders, 2s 4d, 
Tobacco in rolls, lOd, 



New York Prices. 



Rye, 4s 4d, 
Corn, 3s 3d, 
Oats, 



Brandy, 8s, 
Gin, 30 per case, 
Jamaica spirits, 6s, 
Windward Islands rum, 5s 3d, 
New Rum, 4s, 
Molasses, 2s lOd, 

Muscovado sugar, 50s to 80s per 
cwt., 

Coffee, 14d, 

Hyson tea, 9s to 11s, 

Bohea, 2s 8d, 

Pork, 41 to 5/, 

Beef, 42s to 52s per brl. 



June. The corporation were engaged in paving the 
streets, and there was a complaint of difficulty in procuring 
stones to pave Market street, as North Broadway was then 
called. It swallowed up thousands of cart loads. It is 



Notes from the Newspapers. 149 

amusing to read the speculations of the newspaper writers 
on the subject. 

The consistory of the Dutch church laid out into lots a 
part of the tract commonly termed the church pasture. 
These lots lay on the west side of Court street now Broad- 
way, below Lydius, described as being on the road "lead- 
ing from the ferry to the town." They were sold at auc- 
tion. It is believed that the difficulty between the Rev. 
Mr. Bassett and his church grew out of or was aggravated 
by some transactions in these lots. 

Motley processions of eastern emigrants were daily 
passing through the city, which was the grand thorough- 
fare to the western country. The far west of these New 
Englanders, as they mostly were, was the Genesee Valley ; 
and they were accompanied by their families, their flocks 
and their implements. 

The punishment of forgery was death. One SAMUEL 
COOK, at the venerable age of 84, was executed in Mont- 
gomery county for that offence. 

July 28. JOHN STEWART, the famous English pedestrian, 
arrived in the city from New York, and proceeded the 
same evening on his way to Canada. Having perambu- 
lated Europe, Asia and Africa, he came to complete his 
travels by making the tour of America. He is represented 
as a middle aged man, about six feet high, all whose expedi- 
tions were made on foot. 

September. The Rev. Mr. BASSETT published a collec- 
tion of Psalms, Hymns and Spiritual Songs, for the use of 
the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in North America. 

Oct. 11. The chamberlain, ELBERT WILLETT, reported 
that the receipts into the treasury for the year, were 
2618 18s 7d, and the expenditures 2073 13s 2d. Of 
the money on hand, counted as cash, was 494 of one, two 
and three penny notes. The rent of the city wharves 
was 131 ; first payment of the lease of Verrebergh 44; 
for lands at Tiononderoga 480 lOd ; city ferry, 158. A 
new market house was built this year at an expense of 
222, and " a hand fire engine,' purchased at 30. The 
expenses of the ferry, were 232 lOd. For watchmen, 
211 13d, 



150 Notes from the Newspapers. 

There were but eight persons in confinement belonging 
to the counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Washing- 
ton and Clinton, which were in the jail in this city, five 
of whom were debtors, one insane, and two on criminal 
prosecutions. 

Dec. 20. A number of citizens associated for the pur- 
pose of forming a library, and established the Albany 
Library, by subscriptions of 5 each. This was undoubt- 
edly the first society library in the city. 

1792. 

Jan 4. The corporation resolved to convey to trustees 
thereafter to be appointed, a part of the public square in 
the city for the purposes of a college, and a subscription 
was opened by the citizens with a view of carrying the 
project into immediate effect. This movement resulted 
in the establishment of Union College at Schenectady. 

Jan 31. The coopers held a meeting at Denniston's 
tavern and adopted the following scale of prices: 

Flax seed tierces, 5s. Half barrels, 4s. 

Tight potash barrels, 6s. Ten gallon kegs, 3s 6d. 

Common do 5s 6d. Five and six gallon kegs, 3s. 

Rum barrels, 5s. Four " " 2s 6d. 

Beef and Pork barrels, 4s 6d. All kegs less than 4 galls, 2s. 

White oak fish " 4s 6d. Flour barrels, 2s. 
Red oak " " 4s. 

Feb. I. By an act of congress extending post roads 
and fixing the prices of postage, the route from Albany to 
Bennington was extended to the northern part of the state, 
and a post road established from Albany through Schenec- 
tady to Canajoharie. The rates of postage fixed at this 
time continued for more than half a century. 

The legislature passed an act to prevent obstructions 
of the docks and wharves of the city, and to increase the 
number of firemen. 

Feb 3. A meeting was held at Lewis's Tavern to dis- 
cuss the project of a bank. The outlines of a plan for its 
establishment were afterwards submitted, and the move- 
ment resulted in the procurement of the charter of the 
present Bank of Albany. (See vol. i, p. 31 ) 



I 



Notes from the Newspapers. 151 

Another project had been some, time agitated, and began 
to be urged with much earnestness ; that of supplying the 
city with water. The supply at this time was from the 
wells and the river. 

March 3. The destruction of the sugar plantations in 
the island of Hispaniola, by the insurrectionary blacks, 
caused a scarcity and rise in the price of sugar. A society 
was organized in this city having for its object the pro- 
motion ofthe manufacture of maple sugar. A premium of 
seventy-five silver dollars was offered for the largest quan- 
tity made by a single family, of not less than 600 pounds ; 
and smaller premiums for less quantities. More than 2000 
sugar kettles were sold in the city during the winter, and 
it was supposed that upwards of 8000 kettles were em- 
ployed within eighty miles of Albany. It was estimated 
that each kettle would produce 100 Ibs; and that the 
whole product at 12.^ cts. a pound would amount to $90,- 
000. It was also computed that the western part of the 
state of New York contained trees enough to supply five 
times the quantity of sugar consumed in the whole coun- 
try, and that an export of five millions of dollars could 
be saved. 

May 17. The trustees of the Presbyterian church, 
worshiping in a wooden building on the corner of Grand 
and Hudson streets, purchased the " lot on the plains," 
for 110, and soon after erected the brick church on the 
corner of South Pearl and Beaver streets, now occupied by 
the Congregationalists. 

May 22. A load of hemp arrived in the city from the 
south end of Cayuga lake, near the Pennsylvania line, and 
is said to have been the first produce brought to this city 
from that region. It does not appear whether there was 
any design in this enterprise to give an impulse to the 
subscriptions to the internal improvement stock; but it 
came at a time when efforts were making to raise the 
means to connect the Hudson River with Lake Ontario 
by means of canals and rivers, and thus open a commerce 
with a rich country rapidly filling up with an enterprising 
population, 



152 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



The taxes assessed by the supervisors of the county 
were as follows : 



Towns. 


County Tax. 


Town Tax. 


Poor Tax. 


Albany, 


525 


24 3s 5d 


300 




487 10s 


166 10 10 




Schenectady, 


284 18 4d 


38 14 




Duanesburgh 


45 


15 2 4 






285 


22 8 






157 7 11 


29 4 4 


25 


Cattskill, 


150 


68 4 4 




Freehold, 


45 


28 7 5 




Rensselaerville, 


105 


31 8 10 






75 


21 5 


30 












2159 16 3 


445 1 2 


515 



At the annual election for governor and lieutenant- 
governor ; Albany county gave Geo. Clinton 444, and John 
Jay 1178 for governor: and Pierre Van Cortland413 and 
Stephen Van Rensselaer 1 208 for lieut. governor. 

Joseph Brant, the celebrated Indian warrior, passed 
through the city on his way to Philadelphia, it was sup- 
posed on public business for his nation. 

June 12. The first election of directors of the Bank of 
Albany, was held at the City Tavern, when the following 
were chosen: Abraham Ten Broek, Cornelius Glen, Jere- 
miah Van Rensselaer, Stephen Van Rensselaer, John 
Maley, Abraham Van Vechten, Henry Cuyler, James 
Caldwell, John Stevenson, Jacob Van der Heyden, Golds- 
brow Banyar, Daniel Hale, Elkanah Watson. Abraham 
Ten Broek was elected president. 

July 16. The Bank of Albany was opened for deposits, 
and began to discount on the following day- The bank- 
ing house was in North Pearl street, the building now 
numbered 11. The rate of discount was six per cent. 
The capital stock was $260,000; shares, 400 Spanish 
milled dollars, or their equivalent. 

The inhabitants of State street were in a state of excite- 
ment about the paving of the street, which the city authori- 



Notes from the Newspapers. 153 

ties had determined on. Some of the merchants wanted 
narrow sidewalks for the convenience of unloading grain ; 
while others contended for wide walks, because the view 
from their cellar windows would be less obstnutfed ! A good 
many, undoubtedly were more concerned at the expense. 

A post was established from Albany to Whitestown in 
Herkimer county as a private enterprise, which performed 
the route once a fortnight. Several gentlemen in the 
Genesee country established one also to connect with the 
one at Whitestown, thereby keeping up a semi-monthly 
communication with this city. It passed through Geneva 
and Canandaigua. Towns were then of ample dimensions. 
There were but seven in Saratoga county, three in Herki- 
mer and four in Montgomery. 

A mineral spring was discovered on the east side of the 
river whose waters were deemed of sufficient medicinal vir- 
tue to warrant the erection of a bathing house, and the esta 
blishment of a ferry for the accommodation of such as had 
need of being healed. The boat, it was advertised, " would 
start in ten minutes after the blowing of a horn." 

A meeting of citizens was held for the purpose of organ- 
izing a company for the purpose of erecting a commodious 
public house. The plan of a constitution was drawn up, 
under which the company was to take the name of the 
Albany Hotel-Tontine Company, the capital of which 
was fixed at $15,000, divided into 1000 shares. The price 
of the lot was fixed at $3000 ; the cost of the building, 
at $10,000; outhouses, $1000; furniture, $1000. The 
plan was thought to be "a happy invention to secure an 
advantageous property to children who may arrive to years 
of discretion." Individuals were entreated by the Gazette 
not to monopolize more than ten shares ! This scheme 
seems to have failed at this time, but was resumed a few 
years later, and resulted in the erection of the building, 
now numbered 51 and 53 State street. 

Postmaster-General Pickering's advertisements for pro- 
posals to carry the mail, extended the post road west from 
Albany, " from Connojorharrie to Whitestown, and thence 
to Kanandarqua." 



154 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 27. The directors of the Northern Inland Lock 
Navigation company held a meeting, Philip Schuyler, pre- 
sident. Surveys of the Hudson river were directed to be 
made, and the country between the river and the head 
waters of streams leading to lake Champlain were ordered 
to be examined. A gentleman of the name of Nesbit ar- 
rived ?ft this time from Scotland, with high credentials, 
"as a master of the science of canalling," and assisted 
the committee at their first visit to examine the river 
above Troy. 

August 11. The western company met subsequently 
and chose Philip Schuyler president, and Barent Bleecker 
treasurer. They determined to improve the Mohawk as 
far as practicable during the present season, and to exa- 
mine the ground in the vicinity of Little Falls, and those 
between the Mohawk and Wood Creek. The companies 
were incorporated in December following, with one dis- 
senting vote in the senate, and nine in the house of assem- 
bly. In the meantime, the committee of the company 
prosecuted their work vigorously to be ready for opera- 
tions early in the coming year. 

Oct. 17. A company of seventy-four German immi- 
grants arrived from Philadelphia on their route to the 
Genesee country, where they purposed to begin a settle- 
ment on the lands owned by Robert Morris. 

Dec. It was first proposed to establish a line of stages 
from this city to Whitestown. "Such an idea a few years 
ago," says the editor of the Gazette, "would have been 
ridiculed; but from the great intercourse with the west 
through this city, we have every reason to suppose it will 
answer a valuable purpose, both to the public and the 
proprietors ; especially if the proprietors should succeed 
in contracting for the mail, of which there can be little 
doubt. 

About this time a post was established from Niagara 
to Genesee river, where it met the post from the office of 
the Gazette every fortnight. The Messrs. Webster re- 
ceived and forwarded letters gratuitously to every part of 
the country where there were no mails. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 155 

1793. 

Jan. 10. A meeting of upwards of one hundred and 
fifty mechanics, convened for the purpose of forming a city 
and county society. They organized an association under 
the name of the Albany Mechanic Society, which contin- 
ued in existence for a long time, and was noted for its 
usefulness. Its first officers were: John W. Wendell, 
president ; Charles R. Webster and Bernardus Evertsen, 
vice-presidents ; Isaac Hutton, treasurer; John Barber, 
secretary. 

There had been a great surplus of provisions during 
the preceding year, particularly of grain, and the prices 
were reduced very low. But about the middle of January 
wheat began to be sought for at a dollar a bushel, much to 
the wonderment of some of the dealers, to whom the farm- 
ers had been accustomed to bring their wheat for storage 
until spring, when the former shipped it to New York, 
and shared the profits with the producer. The wars in 
Europe growing out of the French revolution created such 
a demand for American produce, that wheat rose finally 
to $3 a bushel, and runners first made their appearance 
in Albany at this time, to the great annoyance of the 
merchants, having been sent up from New York to fore- 
stall the market. 

Feb. Specimens of maple sugar were brought before 
the legislature by the association in Albany for promoting 
its manufacture; and a bill was introduced -by some mem- 
bers of that body, for granting premiums on sugar the 
product of the maple, of from two to four pence a pound. 

Feb 9. The assize of bread, which had stood for a long 
time at 21bs 8oz., for 6d, was reduced to 21bs 4oz for 6d. 

Feb. 25. The common council directed the chamber- 
lain to procure information of the persons who had com- 
mitted trespass and waste of the timber and wood on the 
lands of the board at Schaghticoke. 

Feb. 28. The society of coopers held a meeting and 
raised the prices of articles of their manufacture one shil- 
ling a barrel over the prices which they had established 
the previous year. 



156 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The election held in Albany county for member of con- 
gress resulted in a majority for Henry Glen, who received 
927 votes ; Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, his opponent, re- 
ceived 526. 

March 8. The river clear of ice, although there was a 
considerable fall of snow. 

The price of wheat was 9s. 

Jan 21. "Hat manufactory in Maiden Lane, a few 
doors west of the Market House, Albany. May be had 
Hats of all kinds the newest fashions and best quality. 
Made and sold by the public's very humble servant, 

ELISHA DORR. 

Who has 200 brls of the best cyder for sale cheap for 
cash?" 

Every one's business at this time seems to have been 
multifarious. 

An act was passed by the legislature for " paving Water- 
vliet street in the county of Albany." Watervliet street 
began at Columbia street where Montgomery street now 
is, and ran diagonally to where Broadway and Patroon 
street intersect Broadway, then called Market street, be- 
cause the market house stood in it near where it is inter- 
sected by Maiden lane, and extended no farther north 
than Columbia street. At the head of Market street stood 
the house of Dirk Ten Broek, on the north line of Colum- 
bia street. The fifth ward was then in the town of Wa- 
tervliet. 

May. A law of the common council went into effect 
which ordained that no gutter or spout should project into 
the street ; but that the water should be conducted down 
the sides of the houses through pipes, within three feet of 
the ground, under penalty of forty shillings. 

The legislature, at its late session, granted a loan of 
3000 for eight years to the proprietors of the glass manu- 
factory, three years without interest, and five years at five 
per cent. The establishment was owned by McClallen, 
McGregor & Co., the Co being James Caldwell and Chris- 
topher Batterman. They offered a reward of fifty dollars 
for the discovery of a bank of sand suitable for their use, 



156 

The 
gress i 
927 vc 
ceived 

Mar 
consid 

The 

Jan 
doors 
Hats 
Made 

Wl 

cash? 

Ev 

multi 

Ar 

vliet 

begai 

is," a 

stree 

caus 

sectc 

than 

the: 

bia $ 

terv 

Ifl 

whi 
the 
the 
the 



fact 
r 
e 
top 
for 



Notes from the Newspapers. 157 

within ten miles of their glass house, which was eight 
miles west of the city at the place still familiarly known 
as the Glass House, although the buildings have disap- 
peared within a few years. 

MOSES BEAL " erected a stage," to use his own words, 
for the accommodation of passengers from Albany to Sche- 
nectady, Johnstown, and Canajoharie, once a week. It 
left Albany at 6 o'clock on Friday morning, and arrived 
at Canajoharie the next day. The fare was three cents a 
mile. It returned on Tuesday. He proposed to go as 
far as Little Falls if desired! 

May 14. The Bank of Albany having been in operation 
one year, declared a dividend of $4*25 on each share. 

June 3. The sale of lots in the Church pasture, by 
auction, was commenced, by order of the consistory. 

The following were elected members of assembly for 
the ensuing year, at the annual election for the county of 
Albany: 

Thomas Hun, Johannes Deitz, 

Theodorus V. W. Graham, Jacob Hochstrassar, 

William North, Stephen Platt. 

Jellis A. Fonda, 

June 20, 21; The very sudden changes of our atmo- 
sphere from heat to cold for this month past have been 
no less extraordinary than uncommon. Among the many 
differences we shall only recur to the instances of Thurs- 
day and Friday last ; on the former of which days the 
mercury stood at 94 and the latter at 70. Register. 

WEBSTERS, SEYMOUR and ENSIGN erected a paper mill at 
Troy which went into operation at this time, and was the 
first establishment of the kind in this quarter. 

July. JOHN HUDSON of Schenectady and John Rogers 
of Ballston established a line of stages by which a regular 
communication was first begun between Albany and Balls- 
ton, for the convenience of those who visited the springs. 
The fare was 3d a mile. 

Aug. 1. The following advertisement is the first pub- 
lic notice of Mr. EZRA AMES: 

In Mark Lane, just below Bloodgood & Follet's store. 
14 



158 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Pa inting. Portrait and Sign Painting, Gilding and Limn- 
ing. The subscriber solicits the patronage of the ad- 
mirers of the Fine Arts of Painting, Portraits, Miniatures, 
and Hair Devices. From the encouragement he has al- 
ready received, he flatters himself of giving general satis- 
faction. Those who are not satisfied with his performances 
will not be compelled to have the work when it is finished. 
Gentlemen and ladies will be waited upon in any part of 
the city. Signs, Coaches, Chaises, Sleighs, Standards, 
&c., painted in the best manner. Orders from the coun- 
try will be received and attended to and all favors grate- 
fully acknowledged by their humble servant, 

EZRA AMES. 

Aug. 8. MATTHEW VISSCHER, counsellor at law, died 
aged 42. He was called into public life at an early age, 
and took an active part in the revolution. He was clerk 
of the city and county many years, and was highly respect- 
ed for his fidelity and patriotism in the public service. 

Sept. 6. The Hon. Beverdy Randolph and Timothy 
Pickering, two of the commissioners sent to treat with 
the hostile Indians in relation to boundaries, arrived in 
the city on their return. The Indians insisted on the Ohio 
river as the northern boundary of the United States ; but 
as the government had made large purchases of land north 
of that river, extensive settlements of whites had already 
begun to be made there, no terms were agreed upon, and 
it was expected that hostilities would be renewed. The 
hostile tribes were the Wyandots, Dela wares, Shawanese, 
and Miamis. 

Sept. 9. JACOB C. TEN EYCK died, aged 88, and was 
interred in the cemetery of the Dutch Church. Among 
the many offices he is represented to have filled with 
dignity and efficiency, were those of mayor, and judge of 
the common pleas court. 

Sept, 12. The citizens began to agitate the subject of 
lighting the streets by night with lamps. A correspond- 
ent of the Gazette thought the project needed only to be 
understood to be adopted ! 

Sept. 21. The citizens were alarmed by a letter from 






Notes from the Newspapers. 159 

Judge Lansing, informing them that a vessel had passed 
New York having two persons on board infected with the 
yellow fever, which was then raging at Philadelphia. 
Meetings of the citizens and of the common council were 
held and measures adopted to prevent the passing of any 
vessel above the Overslaugh without an examination, and 
the ferrymen were directed how to proceed on occasions 
when any suspicion attached to travellers presenting them- 
selves to be ferried over. The common council recom- 
mended the observance of the first day of October, as a 
day of fasting and prayer, for the aversion of the dreaded 
contagion. 

Sept. 23. " On Monday evening last arrived at Green- 
Bush, opposite to this city, from the seat of government, 
Hon. Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury of the 
United States, and his lady. As Colonel Hamilton and 
lady were supposed to have been afflicted with the yellow 
fever, then prevalent in Philadelphia, the physicians of 
this city, by request, immediately visited them, and on 
their return, published the following certificate : 

Albany, Sept. 23, 1793. 

This is to certify that we have visited Col. Hamilton 
and his lady, at Greenbush, this evening, and that they 
are apparently in perfect health ; and from every circum- 
stance we do not conceive there can be the least danger 
of their conveying the infection of the pestilential /ever, 
at present prevalent in Philadelphia, to any of their fellow 
citizens. Samuel Stringer, W. Mancius, H. Woodruff, 
Wm. McClallen, Cornelius Roosa. 

In consequence of which, on Tuesday morning, an order 
was granted by the mayor, that Col. Hamilton and lady 
be allowed to cross the ferry." 

Sept. 24. At the charter election, the following were 
elected officers for the ensuing year: 

Aldermen. Abram Ten Eyck, Philip S. Van Rensse- 
laer, John N. Bleecker, Jacob J. Lansing, Jeremiah Lan- 
sing, Dirck Ten Broek. 

Assistants. John D. P. Douw, John V. Henry, John F. 
Pruyn, Barent G. Staats, John Jauncey, John C. Cuyler. 



160 Notes from the Newspapers. 

On the same day, the common council re-elected Elbert 
Willett chamberlain, and James Elliott city marshal, John 
Tayler was appointed recorder, vice Peter W. Yates, re- 
signed. 

Nov. 17. An extensive fire occurred at half past 10 on 
Sunday evening, in an out house belonging to Leonard Gan- 
sevoort, in the centre of the square formed by State and 
Market streets, and Maiden and Middle lanes, which was 
swept down by the flames. Twenty-six dwelling houses, 
several extensive stores, and the Gazette printing office, 
were consumed. The loss of property was estimated at 
$250,000. The principal sufferer in real estate was John 
Maley. Leonard Gansevoort's house was on the lot now 
numbered 53 State street. 

Several attempts were subsequently made to fire the 
city, by slaves, and some of them were arrested and con- 
fessed their guilt. A law was passed by the common 
council on the 25th Nov., to prevent the appearance of 
slaves abroad after nine o'clock at night, under the penalty 
of confinement in the jail. 

Nov. 25. It was ordained by the common council, 
" that no butcher or other person shall sell or dispose of 
any lamb, mutton, veal, pork or other dead victual for 
more than four pence per pound, under a penalty of eight 
shillings for every such offence besides costs.*' 

By a subsequent law, butchers were allowed to receive 
sixpence per pound for beef and pork, other meats remain- 
ing at fourpence. 

Nov. 27. The common council passed a law establishing 
a night watch, consisting of 24 persons each night, to be 
drawn from the male inhabitants from the age of sixteen 
years and upwards. They were to assemble on notice 
given by the marshal, at 8 o'clock, and to remain under 
the direction of the officer for the night until daybreak 
under a penalty of six shillings for any breach of the regu- 
lations. Inhabitants over sixty years of age, were allowed 
to send substitutes. 

A line of stages was established between Albany and 
Northampton. A stage started from each of these points 
on Tuesdays and Fridays in the morning, and met at 



Notes from the Newspapers. 161 

Pittsfield in the evening, making the entire route in two 
days. " The proprietors of this new line beg leave to ob- 
serve that the difficulty of extending a line of stages from 
Northampton to Albany (across the mountains), has 
heretofore been supposed insurmountable but consider- 
ing this establishment forms an expeditious and sure com- 
munication from Portland in the province of Maine through 
a rich and flourishing country to Whitestown, in the west- 
ern part of the state of New York !* a distance of upwards 
of four hundred miles, they have determined to make the 
experiment." The fare was 4d a mile. 
1794. 

Jan. 6. Pomp, a negro slave, charged with having set 
fire to the stable of Leonard Gansevoort, by which the 
late disastrous conflagration was caused, was tried before 
the supreme court, and found guilty. Bet and Dean, two 
female slaves, were also tried and convicted of the same 
offence, and the whole sentenced to be hung on the 24th 
January. When the day arrived, there was a large con- 
course of people to witness the execution ; but the culprits 
were respited and allowed six weeks grace, to the great 
injustice of so large an audience. 

Feb. 4. The senate's amendment to the bill authoriz- 
ing the corporation of Albany to raise money to support 
a night watch, was concurred in by the house. 

Feb. 8. This was a notable day for trade, the Gazette 
says. " On a moderate estimate it is presumed the pur- 
chases and sales of produce and merchandise exceeded 
$50,000. Of the article of wheat, between 25 and 30,000 
bushels were brought to this market ; a quantity far ex- 
ceeding the receipts of any one day since the settlement 
of this country. The price of wheat rose during the day 
from 7s. 7d. to 8s., or the highest price between this and 
the first of March. This last mode of purchase is truly 
novel, and must be convincing to the farmer that the mer- 
chants of this city are too independent to form combina- 
tions." 

A fat cow brought to this market by Mr. Holt of Cherry 

* The compiler has taken the liberty to put this sentence in italics. 



162 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Valley, was killed and found to exceed 1,100 pounds in 
weight. It is stated that upwards of 500 head of fat 
cattle were driven to market from Otsego county the past 
season. 

The prisoners confined in the jail for debt, petitioned 
the legislature for a law compelling their creditors to sup- 
port them during their incarceration ; the committee to 
whom their petition was referred, reported that the act of 
1789 was sufficient for the relief prayed for. 

The sufferers by the fires in Albany and Lansingburgh 
petitioned the legislature for permission to raise a sum by 
lottery to indemnify a part of their losses. The commit- 
tee, considering the deranged state of the affairs of the suf- 
ferers in consequence of the fire, and that the commercial 
interests of the northern and western parts of the state 
would be considerably affected thereby, were of the opin- 
ion that their extreme case merited the attention of the 
legislature, and brought in a bill accordingly. 

Feb. 10. The legislature requested the governor to 
confer with the Cayuga, Onondaga and Oneida Indians, 
who were in the city in large numbers, and to ascertain 
whether they were disposed to sell the whole of their 
reserved lands. The sum of $650 was distributed among 
them in presents. The place for distributing presents to 
the Indians, we are told by Mr. John Van Zandt, was on 
the north side of State street, east of James street, where 
the Indians were ranged in a line on the verge of the side- 
walk, and the articles were distributed with great exact- 
ness, men, women and children sharing alike. 

The committee of the house of assembly to whom was 
referred the petition of the Reformed Dutch Church in 
Greenbush for a lottery to raise money to complete their 
church, reported against granting the petition. 

The Inland Navigation companies applied to the legis- 
lature for assistance in carrying on their enterprise. It 
was proposed to render a water communication from 
Albany to Seneca lake, a distance of more than two hun- 
dred and seventy-five miles ; in the progress of which the 
following obstacles were to be surmounted: 

1 . It was necessary to construct a canal with locks, to 



Notes from the Newspapers. 163 

connect the Mohawk with the Hudson, in the nearest di- 
rection from river to river, or a canal with locks round 
the Cohoes falls, estimated to cost, $37,500 

2. The Mohawk to be cleared of rocks, and 

the riffs deepened to the Little falls, 17,500 

3. The Little falls to be completely locked, 37,500 

4. From the Little falls to Fort Stanwix, 
the river being generally bold the natural ob- 
structions being few, 6,250 

5. Canal &c., at Fort Stanwix, 6,250 

6. To complete Wood creek, 3,125 

7. To improve the riffs in the Onondaga and 

Seneca rivers to the Cayuga lake, 6,250 

8. Improving the communication between the 
Cayuga and Seneca lakes, and locking at the 

Seneca falls, 12,500 

$126,925 

It was contemplated that these improvements would 
bring into communication 1000 miles of inland coast, 
within the state of New York, exclusive of the great lakes, 
and would accommodate boats carrying from five to ten 
tons ; while boats then carrying from eight to ten barrels, 
approached the Hudson with an expense and delay barely 
equivalent to any proposed advantage. 

Jan 28. The citizens of Albany transmitted to Phil- 
adelphia for the relief of the sufferers by the memorable 
conflagation of 1793, the sum of $866*40, collected soon 
after a formidable scourge of fire in their own city. 

March 14. The two negro girls convicted of setting 
fire to the city on the 17th Nov. last, were hung. The 
other felon was respited until April. 

The legislature had it in contemplation to take another 
corner from Albany county, for the erection of a new 
county; but at the adjournment of that body the bill re- 
mained in the senate, which passed a resolution at its 
close, that the further consideration of the bill entitled 
" an act to erect certain lands into a separate county by 
the name of Delaware , " be postponed until the next session. 



164 Notes from the Newspapers. 

March 28. Proposals were issued for building a brick 
Presbyterian church,for which the materials were procured. 

To encourage the raising of barley, the subscriber will 
pay six shillings a bushel for any quantity of good mer- 
chantable barley, delivered at his brewery, at the corner 
of the market house, Albany, at any time before the 1st 
of March, 1795. PETER GANSEVOORT. 

Mr. SOLOMON VAN RENSSELAER, son of Gen. Henry K. 
Van Rensselaer, of Rensselaerwyck, was promoted to a 
captaincy in the cavalry of the United States. 

April 11. Pomp, the negro convicted of arson, and 
several times respited, was hung; and his dying confes- 
sions were sold at No. 2 Pearl street. 

ANANIAS PLATT, grateful for public custom, undertook 
to run his stage twice a day from Lansingburgh to Albany 
and back. 

June 21. JACOB J. LANSING one of the aldermen of 
the city, died after a short illness, aged 40. " He was an 
affectionate relation, a valuable friend, a firm magistrate, 
and above all a man who feared God." 

SPENCER STAFFORD gave notice that he had again com- 
menced business in this city, and that at his shop, on the 
east side of Market street, a few doors north of the Dutch 
Church, he carried on a tin plate, sheet iron, copper 
and brass manufactory. Mr. Stafford became subsequently 
an extensive hardware merchant, and retired wealthy. 
In 1843, he made a map of his city property, and offered 
it for sale. His lots lay principally on the south side of 
Lydius street, above Hawk. 

May 24. The assize of bread was one pound and 
twelve ounces for sixpence. 

The number of votes given for members of assembly at 
the May election, by the different towns in the county 
was as follows : 



Albany, , 278 

Watervliet, 228 

Schenectady, 362 

Duanesburgh, 68 

Schoharie, 170 

Rensselaerville, 359 



Bethlehem, 153 

Coeyman's, 36 

Coxsackie, 36 

Catskill 79 

Freehold, 92 

Total, . ..1890 



Notes from the Newspapers. 165 

The names of the members elected, were, 
Thomas Hun, Johannes Deitz, 

Leonard Gansevoort, jr., Andries Van Petten, 
William North, Stephen Platt. 

Jacob Hochstrasser, 

May 19. STEPHEN VAN RENSSET.AER was elected a 
member of the corporation of Williams College, in the 
state of Massachusetts. 

May. The treasurer of the state of Vermont, Samuel 
Mattocks, passed through the city with twenty thousand 
dollars in specie, on his way to New York. The money 
was part of the thirty thousand dollars stipulated to be 
paid to the state of New York, when the latter acceded to 
the independence and sovereignty of the other. 

The Western Inland Lock Navigation company adver- 
tised to contract for four companies of laborers, each com- 
pany to consist of an overseer, twenty-five able-bodied 
men and a cook, to be employed from the 20th June to 
the 15th November. The wages offered were one dollar 
a day to the overseer, and fifty cents to the laborers and 
cook, and " to find their own provision and liquor, and 
bedding." The directors would provide kettles, wooden 
bowls and trenchers. They were to work from sunrise 
till eight o'clock ; then to be allowed one hour for break- 
fast ; then to work until twelve o'clock, and be allowed 
two hours for dinner, until the 15th August, and after 
that only one hour for dinner until the 15th November; 
after dinner to work until sunset. They were to be 
allowed four days' wages " for traveling to the falls in 
Herkimer county," where they were to be chiefly employed. 

July 12. " The extensive and beautiful works belong- 
ing to Mr. JAMES CALDWELL, situated about one mile north 
of this city were entirely consumed by fire, together with 
between five and six thousand pounds worth of stock. 
The whole loss is estimated at upwards of 1 3 , 000. The 
fire broke out between the hours of one and two in the 
morning of Saturday, in the Chocolate mill, but by what 
means it caught no one is able to determine. Nothing 
was saved of all that range, but one small kitchen." 



166 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Post roads centering at Albany, all of which had been 
established but recently, were now 6 in number, as follows : 

1. From New York by Pickskill, Fishkill, Poughkeepsie, 
Rhinebeck, Redhook, Clerrnont, Hudson and Kinderhook 
to Albany. 

2. From Albany, by Lansingburgh, Bennington, and 
Manchester to Rutland in Vermont. From Rutland, by 
Middlebury and Vergennes, to Burlington on Lake Cham- 
plain. 

3. From Lansingburgh to Albany. 

4. From Albany, by Schenectady, Johnstown, and Can- 
najoharrie to Whitestown. 

5. From Cannajoharrie through Cherry Valley to the 
court house in Cooperstown in the county of Otsego. 

6. From Whitestown to Canandarqua one in two weeks. 
The above is from the proposals for carrying the mail, 

issued by Timothy Pickering the postmaster-general, and 
the orthography of the original is preserved. 

Aug. 1. The assize of bread was one pound twelve 
ounces for sixpence. In New York, 1 Ib. 14 oz. of inspect- 
ed flour. The price of wheat in New York at the same 
time, was 10s. 8d. ($1*33), and $1'25 at Albany in October. 

Sept. 1. The corporation sold by public auction, the 
water lots "between the middle and upper docks," north 
of Maiden lane, which brought upwards of $4000. 

Oct. Peter Gansevoort junior advertised to pay seven 
shillings a bushel for barley delivered at his brewery, at 
the corner of the Market House, in any quantity, until the 
first of March, 1795. 

Oct. RICHARD CARTWRIGHT, formerly an esteemed mer- 
chant in Albany, died in Canada, aged 73. 

Oct. Jacob Waldron and his wife, who had been cap- 
tured with a part of Gen. Wayne's army and retained 
among the Shawnee Indians, made their escape in March, 
and arrived in Albany by the way of Detroit and Niagara. 
They were furnished with money by the Albany Humane 
Society to enable them to prosecute their journey. 

The fare to New York by stage was $7'25 ; the trip 
occupied two days. In the winter it was f 8 ; way passen- 
gers 5d a mile. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 167 

Oct. 16. TEUNIS VISSCHER died. 

A sixpenny loaf of bread weighed one pound 10 
ounces. 

"For sale, a likely Negro Wench, 18 years of age, with 
her child, 8 months old. 

Oct. 28. AARON FENNEL died, aged 25; had resided in 
the city five years, and ** sustained the character of an 
amiable and honest, man;" was buried in the cemetery of 
the Presbyterian church. 

Nov. 2. Twenty recruits for a corps of artillery and 
engineers, which had been raised in this city by Lieut. J k 
McClallen, sailed for Governor's Island. 

Nov. 10. The corporation advertised for proposals for 
supplying the city with water by aqueduct, from the spring 
at the Five Mile House, on the road to Schenectady. 
About this time also, the common council resolved that 
no person should frame the materials for any building in 
any of the streets or lanes of the city, east of Eagle street, 
under a penalty of six shillings a day for every day he 
should persist in the work, after having been forbidden. 

Nov. 11. The treaty with the Six Nations was "done 
at Kon-an-daigua," and signed by Timothy Pickering and 
58 sachems, among whom were Hendrik, Fish Carrier, 
Half Town, Little Billy, Farmer's Brother, Red Jacket, 
Cornplanter and Handsome Lake. 

Nov. 14. The Bank of Albany paid a dividend of 4J 
per cent, on the last half year's business. 

Dec. 11. The editors of the Gazette, " as friends to 
the progress of American manufactures, congratulate the 
proprietors and the public, that the extensive glass factory 
in the neighborhood of this city, is now in full operation, 
both at the old and new works. This valuable establish- 
ment has met with obstacles for this two months, partly 
owing to some bad materials. But at length, we are told, 
they are happily surmounted with a fair prospect of in- 
creasing prosperity. 

It is mentioned that Capt. WILLIAM VAN INGEN of the 
sloop Cincinnati, had made the trip to and from New York 
in 12 days that is, he sailed from hence on the 5th Dec. 
and arrived at New York on the 9th ; disposed of his car- 



168 Notes from the Newspapers. 

go, took in a valuable freight, and returned to this port on 
the 16th. This was a triumph of sloop navigation. 

It is remarked at the same time, that the navigation of 
the river had been open 9 months, and had still no impedi- 
ment. 

Dec. 15. Stephen Van Rensselaer prohibited all per- 
sons excepting those who had permission by deed, from 
cutting down or carrying away any timber or firewood 
upon the manor of Rensselaerwyck. The citizens of Al 
bany had been accustomed to the right of commons for 
nearly two centuries, and it is probable that some persons 
began to abuse the privilege. An anonymous writer in 
the Gazette animadverted upon this prohibition, which 
required those who wished to cut wood to apply at the 
office of the proprietor for permission, and asserted that 
the prohibition was an encroachment upon the rights of 
the citizens, acquired not only by long usage, but by ori- 
ginal purchase or grant from the Indians. 

Dec. 22. It was contemplated to establish a college 
here, and a petition which had been circulated for signa- 
tures was presented to the corporation for the purpose of 
moving that body to some action in the matter. Consider- 
able effort was made to have it located here, instead of 
Schenectady, and 6000 subscribed towards it; but the 
regents of the university, by a vote of 1 1 to 3, fixed upon 
the latter place. 

We learn from the Register of Sept. 29, 1794, that the 
paving system had been prosecuted with so much vigor, 
that only Pearl street and a few cross streets remained to 
complete the enterprise. " The contrast in so short a 
period, from one of the filthiest to one of the cleanest cities 
in America, is truly astonishing, and must be pleasing to 
every citizen, especially when we take into contemplation 
that noble extent of pavement now nearly completed 
through the whole extent of Watervliet street to the bridge 
the very idea of which a few years ago would have been 
thought the height of madness." It is said that property 
had risen in consequence. It was found that they had 
made a mistake in paving some of the sidewalks with 
small stones. 






Notes from the Newspapers. 169 

1795. 

Jan. 1. RICHARD HILTON, "a worthy citizen," died in 
the 97th year of his age. He was the oldest man in the 
city, and had for many years been afflicted by an enormous 
wen on his left cheek, about 15 inches in circumference. 

Jan. 10. The proprietors of the Western Mail Stages 
advertise that they have provided good and convenient 
stage sleighs which will accommodate ten passengers, and 
have reduced the fare during good sleighing to 2 pence 
J penny per mile. 

At the same time John Hudson ran two stages, one 
of 4 horses and the other of 2, daily, to Albany and back 
to Schenectady, Sundays excepted. 

The post master at this time was George W. Mancius. 

Feb. 28. The emigration through the city to the west 
was so great at this time, that a citizen was induced from 
a motive of curiosity to take an account of a single day's 
travel; the number taken was 500 sleighs, from sun-rise 
to sun-set: those passing in the night not being enume- 
rated. It was estimated that 1200 sleighs, freighted with 
men, women, children and furniture, had passed through 
the city in three days, from the east, to settle the Gene- 
see Valley. This was not the only avenue to the west, 
at that time, though probably the principal one. The 
increase of emigration was attributable to the comple- 
tion of the treaty of Mr. Jay with Great Britain, and 
that of Mr. Pickering with the Six Nations, which dis- 
pelled every apprehension of danger. Among the mova- 
bles was observed a printing press, "destined to shed its 
light abroad over the western wilds." 

March. The legislature passed the bill directing the 
treasurer to subscribe 200 shares to each of the canal 
companies, to enable them to prosecute their works the com- 
ing season. 

Also an act to divide the town of Rensselaerville, and 
erect a part of it into a new town by the name of Berne, 
in honor of the first settler there. The town of Rensse- 
laerwyck was also divided and a part of it called Green- 
bush. The county of Schoharie was erected from part of 
the counties of Albany and Otsego. 
15 



170 Notes from the Newspapers. 

March. The city lamps were announced as being nearly 
ready for use. 

March 1. BARENT TEN EYCK died, aged 81 . ALBERTUS 
YATES died on the same day, at an advanced age. 

ARENT VAN CURLAER died at Mapletown, Rensselaer 
county, aged 107. We do not learn whether he was a 
descendant of the ancient commissary. 

March 4. ISAAC PACKARD died, " respected and esteemed 
as an ingenious mechanic and an honest man." 

March 30. DAVID GROESBEECK died aged 67, "a pious 
and exemplary man." 

Mr. JOHN HUDSON died; the stage proprietor, whose 
vehicles plied between Albany and Schenectady. His 
widow continued the business. 

Stages commenced running six times a day between 
Lansingburgh and Albany, by A. Platt. 

April 7. An act passed the legislature, at its last ses- 
sion, appropriating .20,000 annually for the term of five 
years, for the purpose of encouraging and maintaining 
schools in the state. The proportion allotted to Albany 
county was 1,500, or $3750; the law to go into operation 
on the 7th April. It was the foundation of the free school 
system. 

The following list of taxable inhabitants of the towns 
in the county of Albany, is given in the Gazette: 



Albany, 806 

Watervliet, 573 

Coxsackie, .... 600 

Catskill, 354 

Freehold, 524 

Coeymans, 354 



Bethlehem, 350 

Rensselaerville, 495 

Schoharie, 507 

Duanesburgh, 400 

Berne, 386 

Schenectady, 747 



April 15. Upwards of fifty sail of vessels arrived at 
this port, and a number went past to Troy. 

April 17. The firm of MacGregor & Co., in carrying 
on the Glass Works, consisting of Jeremiah Van Rensse- 
laer, Elkanah Watson, Robert MacGregor, and Thomas 
and Samuel Mather, was dissolved, and a new company 
formed under the name of Thomas Mather & Co. 

April 28. The election for governor, lieutenant-go- 
vernor and legislators, took place on the last Tuesday in 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



171 



April, and the vote for the city and county of Albany 
was as follows: 



Towns. 


Jay. 


V. Rens 


Yates. 


Floyd. 




61 


86 


72 


51 




46 


38 


17 


5 


third ward, 


42 


47 


25 


20 


Schenectady 


35 


75 


227 


234 


Bethlehem, 


128 


201 


75 


4 


Rensselaerville, 


314 


317 


13 


7 


Coxsackie . ........ 


37 


39 


59 


57 




151 


143 


27 


35 


Watervliet, 


207 


248 


56 


14 


Catskill '. 


32 


31 


102 


102 




188 


190 


3 


3 




124 


122 


45 


44 




11 


15 


38 


31 


Freehold, 


45 


13 


41 


71 




1401 


1560 


850 


678 



The total number of votes given for the above candi- 
dates in the whole state, was, for Jay, 13,481 ; for Yates, 
1 1,892 ; for Van Rensselaer, 12,854 ; Floyd, 12,199. Jay's 
majority, 1589; Van Rensselaer's majority, 655. 

At the same election Philip Schuyler of Albany was 
chosen senator for the western district; composed of the 
counties of Albany, Montgomery, Herkimer, Onondaga, 
Otsego, Ontario and Tioga. The whole vote was, for 
Schuyler, 4,431 ; for John Patterson, 2,895. Majority for 
Schuyler, 1,536. 

For members of Assembly of the county of Albany, the 
vote was as follows: 



Dirck Ten Broeck, 1787 

William Noith, 1814 

Francis Nicoll, ] 778 

Jacob Hochstrasser, . . . 1623 

Johannes Deitz, 1787 

Joseph Shu rtliff, 1254 

Gerrit Abeel 1683 

Philip Van Rensselaer, 891 



Abraham G. Lansing,.. 840 

Jellis A. Fonda, 871 

Jacobus Bogardus, 812 

Leonard Bronck, 1272 

Stephen Platt, 75 

Marcus Bellinger, 765 

Uzal Cory, 747 



Dirck Ten Broeck of Albany, William North of Duanes- 
burgh, Francis Nicoll of Bethlehem, Jacob Hochstrasser 



172 Notes from the Newspapers. 

of Berne, Johannes Deitz of Schoharry, Gerrit Abeel of 
Catskill, and Leonard Bronk of Coxsackie, were elected. 

April 30. At sunrise the mercury in Fahrenheit's ther- 
mometer stood at 0; and an hour later, although the 
morning was fair, it had fallen to 14 deg. below 0. This 
was 6 colder than any day of the previous winter, and 
the coldest day that had occurred in six years. 

May. JACOBUS WYNKOOP, a merchant of this city, died 
aged 75. ' ' He took a decided and active part in the revo- 
lution, and was esteemed a brave and worthy officer." 

May 7. FRANCIS CARBINE, formerly a merchant in Alba- 
ny, died, aged 62. 

May 1 1 . WILLIAM MCFARLANE died, aged 34. "To the 
character of an honest man he added the qualifications of 
a pious Christian." 

May 12. At an election held at the banking house in 
Market street, the following were elected directors of the 
Bank of Albany, the only institution of the kind north of 
New York, it is believed: Abraham Ten Broek, president; 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, Stephen Lush, Jeremiah Van 
Rensselaer, Goldsbrow Banyar, Jas. Caldwell, Philip S. 
Van Rensselaer, Barent Bleecker, Dudley Walsh, Daniel 
Hale, Robert McClallen , Jacob Vanderheyden, Elisha Kane. 

The stages from Albany to New York performed their 
trips in two days at the " reduced price of 3 4s." a pas- 
senger ($8). " The passengers will lodge the first night 
at Poughkeepsie, where those that prefer a water passage 
may be accommodated on board the Poughkeepsie packets, 
remarkable for their quick passages." 

Official information having been received of the election 
of Mr. Van Rensselaer to the office of lieut. governor, 
the citizens formed a procession, and marched to his man- 
sion to congratulate him on the event. Some of the most 
conspicuous of his opponents joined in the procession 
with much enthusiasm. 

June 2. JOPN M. WATSON died, aged 29, and was buried 
in the Presbyterian cemetery. 

June 15. It was announced that " William Mayell, hat- 
ter, from London, had just opened, for sale, at the store of 
T. Fradgley, No. 8 Market street, a general assortment of 



Notes from the Newspapers. 173 

men's, women's and children's fashionable hats, various 
colors." 

June 22. The assize of bread was a loaf of common 
tail flour to weigh lib. 2 oz. for sixpence. Wheat sold 
for $2*18 a bushel in New York, and flour 10 a barrel. 
The following is a price current of some of the most com- 
mon articles of consumption in New York at this time: 

Wheat, 17s 6d. Pork prime, 6, 5s. 
Com. Northern, 7s 2d. u cargo, 5, 16s. 

" Southern, 6s 6d. Butter, Is 6d. 

Flour Superfine, 4, 16s. Lard, Is 2d. 

" Common, 4, 4s. Cheese, Is 4d. 

Beef mess, 5, 4s. Ham, Is. 

" prime, 4, 16s. Beeswax, 2s 6d. 

" cargo, 4, 8s. Molasses, 4s 8d. 

Pork mess, 7, 4s. Rum, 7s 6d. 

A pound was $2'50, a shilling 12J cts. 

American flour was selling in France at from $15 to 
$20 per barrel. 

June 30. WILLIAM MCCLEMENT died, aged 28. 

July 20, The Bank of Albany commenced business in 
it new banking house in Market street, in the house ad- 
joining the Mansion House on the south. The directors 
had made a call of forty dollars a share upon the stock- 
holders, and the stock was quoted at 30 per cent. 

July 24. The Cohoes Bridge was opened for passengers 
with horses and carriages. 

Aug. 19. JACOB KIDNEY died, many years high constable 
of the city. 

Aug. 20. JOHN BRADSTREET SCHTJYLER died at Saratoga 
on the 19th Aug., and was brought to Albany same day; 
and on the following day was interred in the vault of his 
brother-in-law, the Hon. S. Van Rensselaer. 

Sept. 14. HENRY TEN EYCK died. " He was a citizen 
much respected and esteemed, and in his death the public 
have sustained an irreparable loss." 

Sept. 15. CAPT. JOHN, one of the Oneida sachems, and 
the principal orator and public speaker of the nation, died 
and was interred in the Presbyterian cemetery. The de- 
putation of chiefs and sachems of the Oneidas, then in this 
city, attended the funeral, and performed the solemnities 
thereof, according to the custom of their nation. 



174 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Oct 1. HENRY WENDELL died, aged 63. He was 
formerly sheriff of the county of Albany, and many years 
a respectable inhabitant of the city. 

Oct. 2. The state council appointed Abraham Yates 
jr., mayor of the city of Albany, and John Ostrander, 
sheriff of the city and county. 

Oct. H. JONATHAN SHEPHERD died, and was buried in 
the Episcopalian burial ground. 

Oct 12. ABRAM POWERS, baker, died. 

Nov. 2. It is noted that wheat, which had been 18s in 
New York and 16s 6d m Albany, is now 14s and its tend- 
ency downwards, owing to the abundance of the crops, 
and the agents of foreign countries having received orders 
to discontinue purchases for exportation; that potatoes 
were sold at 2s per bushel, and good mutton at 4Jd and 
beef at 6d a pounci. 

The Bank of Albany declared a dividend of 4 J per cent 
on its capital stock, for the past 6 months. 

In the fall of 1795 a singular craft arrived at Albany 
on its way from Lake Erie to Philadelphia. It was a 
small schooner, called the White Fish, built at Presqu'Isle 
on Lake Erie by a couple of young men, and was 17^ feet 
keel, 5 feet 7 inches beam. They proceeded along Lake 
Erie to Niagara falls, 110 miles; passed the falls by land 
10 miles, and sailed down Lake Ontario and up Oswego 
river, passing the falls in the latter by land, 1 mile ; through 
the Oneida lake, and up Wood creek; from the latter to 
the Mohawk 1 mile by land; and down the Mohawk to 
Little falls, which were passed by land 1 mile ; and the 
distance between Schenectady and Albany was also made 
by land. They proceeded down the Hudson, and by sea 
to the capes of Delaware ; and up the Delaware to Phila- 
delphia The voyage occupied seven weeks, owing to the 
lateness of the season, it being the 10th Nov. when they 
reached Philadelphia, having made 947 mile^, without 
chart or compass. The canals were in progress at this 
time for rendering the whole distance between Oneida lake 
and Albany navigable. The design of this voyage was a 
disinterested experiment to prove some of the great advan^ 
tages which might in future be derived from the speedy 
settlement about the new town of Erie, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 175 

Nov. 7. The supreme court adjourned. The following 
convictions took place. Anthony Crane, petit larceny; 
Elisabeth Crane, his wife, grand larceny; Joseph Brown, 
petit larceny; Flora, a negro girl, grand larceny; Sam 
and Jack, negroes, for receiving stolen goods, knowing 
them to be such. They each, except Elisabeth Crane, 
received 39 lashes on the same day, and were discharged. 

Nov. 16. The lighting of the city, says the Gazette, 
begins to assume a regular and pleasing appearance, and 
if the common council would permit to be lighted at the 
public expense, the lamps which our private citizens shall 
erect, (on their paying into the treasury money sufficient 
for the oil) our city, in this respect, would soon vie with 
the other principal cities and towns in the United States. 

Dec. 14. Wheat in New York, 20s 6d ($2-56), in Al- 
bany, 17s 6d ($2-18). 

The census of 1795 gives the following statement of the 
number of electors in the city and county of Albany. 

No. of electors in the city of Albany, 765. 
" county " 6,087. 

The electors consisted of those who possessed freeholds 
of the value of $250 ; those who possessed freeholds of the 
value of $50 and under $250; those not possessed of free- 
holds but who rented tenements of the yearly value of $5 ; 
and those who were freemen on the 14th day of October, 
1775, and on the 20th day of April, 1777. 

1796. 

The following is a list of the towns and the number of 
electors in each at this time in this county. 



Berne, 457 

Coeymans, 359 

Bethlehem, 388 

Catskill, 363 

Rensselaerville, 548 

Coxsackie, 619 



Watervliet, 600 

Duanesburgh, 307 

Schoharie, 436 

Schenectady, 683 

Freehold, 562 

Albany, 765 



The No of electors in Troy was 550. (This probably 
included Lansingburgh, as the latter place is not men- 
tioned.) 



176 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The whole No. of freeholders in the state in 1790 was 
19,395; in 1795 they had increased to 36,338, having 
nearly doubled in the short space of five years. 817 free- 
holders gave a senator. The tide of immigration had 
increased the western district so as to entitle it to 17 sena- 
tors, while the southern district had 10, the middle 9, the 
eastern 8. The new census increased the number of sena- 
tors from 24 to 44; and of assemblymen from 70 to 115. 

A writer in the Gazette of Feb. 5, 1796, writes from 
personal knowledge that at the election of 1738, which 
was hotly contested, 636 voted for assemblymen, and that 
at that time there were not 50 more electors in the whole 
district, then county of Albany (the manor excepted which 
held a separate poll of about 100 votes) comprising in '96 
the counties of Albany, Columbia, Rensselaer, Washing- 
ton, Clinton, Saratoga, Schohary, Montgomery, Herkimer, 
Tioga, Otsego, Onondaga and Ontario. So that in 1738, 
the whole number of electors did not exceed 786, which 
had now increased to 37,026; being an increase in 60 
years of more than 47 to 1. 

It was announced that a new line of stages was esta- 
blished between Albany and New York, which would start 
daily from each place. 

Jan. John Clark and Reuben King advertise that they 
have contracted with the post office department to convey 
the mail and maintain a line of stages to run twice a week 
each way between Boston and Albany : that their stages 
will start from Boston every Monday and Tuesday, and 
arrive at Albany every fourth day, and will start from 
James McGourk's in Albany every Wednesday and Satur- 
day morning and arrive at Boston in the same period of 
time; except the months of March and November, "and 
then the mail will go on horseback." 

Feb. The stage fare to New York was $10. In the 
spring it was reduced to $6. 

An act passed the legislature at its session for this year, 
to enable the corporation of the city of Albany to supply 
the city with water by means of conduits. 

An act for the encouragement of the Albany Glass Fac- 
tory. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 177 

An act authorizing the corporation to raise money to 
defray the expense of lighting the lamps and for the 
support of a night watch. 

An act making alterations in the criminal law of this 
state, and for erecting state prisons, provided for the erec- 
tion of a state prison at Albany. 

The proprietors of the Glass works at this time were 
Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, John Sanders, Abraham Ten 
Eyck, Elkanah Watson, Frederick A. De Zeng, K. K. Van 
Rensselaer, Thomas Mather, Douw Fonda, Walter Coch- 
ran. Samuel Mather. About this time they conceived the 
project of consolidating their establishment into a per- 
manent manufacturing town, under the name of Hamilton. 
Materials were collected for building an octagon church, 
and a school house ; the ground was laid out into streets 
and house lots. The legislature exempted the company 
and their workmen from all taxation for five years, as a 
mode of encouragement. 

A resolution passed the common council for enforcing 
the laws for paving Court street (Broadway) from the 
north end of that street to the site of Fort Orange ; Pearl 
street from State street north ; Mark lane, now Exchange 
street ; Washington street from Nail street (Howard) south 
to Bass lane (Bleecker), and Maiden lane from Market to 
Lodge street. 

March 23. The Rev. John B. Johnson became the col- 
league of Rev. Dr. Bassett in the pastoral charge of the 
Dutch Reformed church, and so continued until 1802, 
when he resigned his call, and removed to Brooklyn, where 
he died. He is represented to have been unusually popu- 
lar, and enjoyed the uninterrupted affection and confidence 
of his people, and the whole community. During his mi- 
nistry very gratifying accessions were made to the church. 

March 31. Ananias Platt began to run aline of stages 
four times a day between Albany and Schenectady. 

May 3. The Bank of Albany declared a dividend of 4 
per cent. 

May 1 0. The consistory of the Dutch Reformed church 
appointed a committee consisting of Messrs. Beekman, 
Van Vechten, Van Rensselaer and Bleecker, to procure 



178 Notes from the Newspapers. 

materials for the purpose of building a new church, the 
board making themselves responsible for their acts. 

The streets in the city were still mostly unpaved, and 
the houses without numbers. The stores in State street 
were described as bearing a certain direction from the 
Dutch church. 

May 31. A report was made at this time of the boats 
that passed the locks at Little falls, on the Mohawk dur- 
ing 13 days in May, viz: 17 boats to and from old Fort 
Schuyler, 22 Geneva, 8 Rotterdam and Oneida lake, 11 
Fort Stanwix, 4 Cayuga lake, 4 Erie lake, 9 Niagara, 16 
Upper Canada, 3 Fort Herkimer, 1 Bay Cauty, 2 Oneida 
lake, 6 Genesee, 3 Little falls, 6 Whitestown, 4 German 
flatts; total, 116; paying a toll of $219. 

June 30. ABRAHAM YATES, junior, mayor of the city, 
died, aged 73. 

The Rev. Drs. Belknap and Morse arrived at Albany, 
on their return from a tour to the west. Dr. Morse deli- 
vered a sermon in the Presbyterian church, on Sunday, 
July 3. 

The Gazette says that furs and peltries to the amount 
of more than $40,000 were received at this time by a single 
house, from one of the north western- companies. The 
editor adds that it has an agreeable appearance, and bright- 
ens up the faces of our old Indian traders, to see twenty 
or thirty wagon loads of fur at a time, coming into our 
city, and augurs favorably a return of the immensely rich 
Indian trade we once participated in. 

July 8. Wheat had fallen to 12s a bushel, and it is said 
that 8s were taken at this time. 

The commissioners appointed to superintend the erec- 
tion of the state prison at Albany, purchased a lot for the 
purpose in the north part of the city, adjoining the river, 
and advertised for proposals to furnish materials and build 
the same. 

A Lansingburgh paper of Aug. 18, says. " A few years 
ago there was but one stage between this town and Albany. 
It was established and maintained at great expense by Mr. 
A. Platt, and for a considerable time had little encourage- 
ment. He however persevered, and at this day, this mode 



Notes from the Newspapers. 

of travelling has so increased that twenty stages pass and 
repass daily between the neighboring towns of Lansing- 
burgh, Troy, Waterford, and Albany, averaging more than 
150 passengers per day a proof of our growth and pros- 
perity." 

"With great pleasure we have noticed the success of 
the subscription, opened a few days since for erecting a 
Roman Catholic chapel in this city. It bespeaks the tole- 
rant and liberal disposition of the country, to find our 
citizens of every persuasion emulous in assisting their 
Roman Catholic brethren with the means of building here 
a temple to the God of heaven, in which they can worship 
according to the dictates of their own consciences. The 
corporation unanimously resolved to present them with a 
piece of ground for the site of their church." Gazette. 

Sept. 30. " The Presbyterian congregation in this city 
have given a call to Mr. David S. Bogart, of the city of 
New York, to become the pastor of their church, with a 
salary of a thousand dollars per annum. Their new brick 
church will be finished in two or three weeks. It is a 
handsome building, 64 feet by 76, eligibly situated in 
Washington street corner of Beaver. The inside of the 
church is in modern style, and the workmanship very ele- 
gant." Gazette. 

The above edifice is still standing, having been enlarged 
about 16 feet on its northern end, and the name of the 
street changed from Washington to South Pearl. The old 
church, was a wooden building, standing on the north east 
corner of Grand and Beaver streets, and was the first 
Presbyterian church in the city, under the charge of Mr. 
McDonald. 

The Gazette remarks that the city never enjoyed more 
excellent health ; that there was scarcely a sick person in 
town. 

The celerity with which the public mails are now trans- 
mitted throughout the United States, says the Gazette, 
merits our particular notice. From Philadelphia to 
Albany, a distance of 260 miles, it is but 3 days from 
Boston, it is 4; but from Savannah in Georgia, almost the 
extreme southern point in the Union, it is but 12 days 






180 Notes from the Newspapers. 

and newspapers from the latter city are received by the 
editors of the Gazette with as much regularity as from 
New York. 

Assize of bread, 1 Ib. 3 oz. for 6d. 

Stage fare from Albany to Fort Schuyler, $2'50. From 
Albany to Whitestown, $3. 

Advertisements for the sale of negroes, and rewards 
for runaway slaves, were at this time of every day occur- 
rence. A sample is taken. 

"For Sale, a healthy Negro Wench, about 30 years 
of age, accustomed to all kinds of kitchen work. She has 
been a servant in a respectable family in this city for 
many years, and can be recommended for her honesty and 
good conduct. Also, her two male children, both in good 
health, one nearly three years of age, until he arrives at 
the age of 25 years. The other about 4 weeks old will be 
sold for life. Apply to the printers of the Albany Gazette." 

To be Sold A healthy active Negro Wench, in her 
19th year can be recommended for honesty and sobriety) 
and sold for no fault." 

" A Negro Wench, about 30 years of age, strong and 
hearty, for sale." 

The names of the owners are never given, but reference 
is given to the printer. 

Oct. 27. It was announced in the papers that there 
was " a balloon in the city of Albany, now nearly finished, 
of 54 feet in circumference, and with a machine for carry- 
ing a car, which after ascending an immense distance in 
the air, will disengage itself from the balloon, and descend 
in a flame of fire to the earth, without receiving any injury. 
The subscribers to the above balloon, are informed that 
it will be raised on Wednesday, Nov. 2, at 2 o'clock, from 
the hill above the jail." 

Oct. 27. Gen. Cleveland of Connecticut, attended by 
a company of surveyors, arrived in the city from Ohio, 
where they had been employed during the summer in run- 
ning the outlines of the Connecticut lands on lake Erie, 
and dividing them into townships. They explored the 
Cuyahoga, and made many curious discoveries. They 
demonstrated to the citizens, among other things, that the 



Notes from the Newspapers. 181 

transportation of West India goods into that country by 
the way of Albany, could be done fifty per cent cheaper, 
and dry goods seventy-five per cent cheaper than from Phil- 
adelphia by land to Fort Pitt and down the Ohio. " A 
hogshead of rum, for instance, will cost $187*50 delivered 
at Pittsburg on the Ohio from Philadelphia; whereas four 
barrels, equal to a hogshead, can, even now, be transported 
from Albany to Detroit for $18*75 each, equal to $75 a 
hhd.* Detroit is upwards of a hundred miles from Cuya- 
hoga river, but allowing for ascending the river, the car- 
rying place of four miles, and descending the Muskingum 
into the Ohio at Marietta, it will more than justify the 
general's calculation." The editor of the Register here- 
upon breaks forth into the following rhapsody: "What 
a boundless field this new source of wealth and commerce 
opens to the city of Albany ! Let any man contemplate a 
good map of our local position, and then extend his view 
northward to the 45th deg. of latitude, and westward to 
the Lake of the Woods, 'and the vast link of inland seas, 
which connect an immense fertile region from lake to lake 
by a happy intercourse quite into the Hudson and the 
most pleasing scene of happiness and industry will unfold 
itself to his imagination, and which in a few years must 
unfold itself to the great benefit of posterity. In short, it 
is clear that millions of people are destined to give and 
receive from this place their daily wants, probably from 
the greatest portion of the intermediate country which lies 
between that vast chain of water and the Ohio and Missi- 
sippi. Such, happy sons of future Albany ! is your prospect 
and such most undoubtedly will be the reality once the 
western canals are completed and the western regions 
populated." 

Nov. 1. The public sale of the state lands, commonly 
called the Cayuga and Onondaga Reservations, was com- 
menced by the surveyor-general at Wendell's hotel, in this 
city. The sale of the Cayuga tract was completed during 
the first week, at an average above six dollars per acre. 

* Great calculations were made about this time on the prospective 
facilities for the transportation of rum. 

16 



182 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Nov. 2. The house of John McDonald, printer and 
bookseller in State street, took fire and was burnt to the 
ground, by which he lost a complete set of printing mate- 
rials, two presses, a large quantity of paper, and books, 
bound and in sheets. 

A paper called the Chronicle is mentioned as being print- 
ed in Albany at this time. 

The Presbyterian church, corner of Beaver and Pearl 
streets, was opened, when the Rev. Dr. Smith, president 
of Union College, delivered two discourses. 

Volney, the celebrated traveler and philosopher, visited 
this city, on his way from the west to the southern states. 

The judiciary bill, which passed the legislature at its 
session this year, abolished capital punishments, except in 
cases of murder and treason. Corporeal punishment at 
the whipping post was also abolished about this time, 
complaints having become common of its abuse in frequent 
instances. Much was said in favor of imprisonment at 
labor, and of the feasibility of the plans adopted by the 
state of Pennsylvania, after the prisons of France. 

The land purchased by the commissioners for building 
a prison contained 6 acres. It was " situated in the colo- 
nie, about three-fourths of a mile from the City Hall. Its 
bounds are the main road on the west, and the Hudson 
river on the east. The price paid was 5000 ($12,500). 
This law was annulled the next year, and did not go into 
operation. 

A musical concert was given by Miss Broadhurst, Messrs. 
Hewitt and Muller, consisting of 6 songs and 4 instrument- 
al pieces, terminating with a ball, tickets $1. It was im- 
mediately followed by the advent of a ' ' male camel from 
the deserts of Arabia," who was probably the first of his 
species that penetrated this distant land. 

Nov. John Jacob Beeckman, elder, advertised by order 
of the consistory, for proposals from carpenters and masons 
for the erection of a new Dutch church. 

Nov. 27. The cartridges and other ammunition belong- 
ing to the United States, which had for some years past 
been deposited in the public stores in Court street in this 
city, were on the 27th Nov., by order of the secretary of 



Notes from the Newspapers. 183 

war, shipped on board vessels, and sent to West Point, by 
Capt. Hudong. 

Dec. The following statement of the buildings in this 
city was made from actual enumeration : 
701 dwelling houses, 
131 stores, 
68 store-houses, 
193 stables fronting streets and alleys, 

1093 buildings. 

In the colonie of Watervliet, or Northern Liberties, 
162 dwelling houses, 
13 stores. 



1268 

Computing 7 persons to each dwelling house, the city 
would contain 4907, and the liberties 1134 inhabitants; 
total 6041. 

Dec. 23 and 24. Friday and Saturday 23d and 24th 
Dec., were the coldest days remembered in this city for 
many years. 

Friday, Dec. 23, 1796, 14 below 0. 
Saturday Dec. 24, 1796, 18 " " 
1797. 

State of the thermometer at 7 o'clock in the morning 
in the city. 

Sunday, Jan. 8, 1797, 17J 
Monday, " 9, " 20 " " 

Jan. 3. The legislature convened at the City Hall. 
The editors of the Register complain of the difficulty of 
acquiring the minutes for publication, by which upwards 
of 2000 of their fellow citizens, who relied principally 
upon that paper for the news of the day were deprived of 
the timely knowledge of the proceedings of their repre- 
sentatives. 

Jan. 10. The common council granted the sum of 
twenty shillings, ($2'50) to Barent De Rider, a carman, 
for being the first at a fire on the night previous, with a 
hogshead of water, and ten shillings ($1'25) to John Hyde, 



184 Notes from the Newspapers. 

for his being the second. The sum of $250 was awarded 
to any one who should discover an incendiary in attempt- 
ing to fire any building in the city. 

Feb. 14. A large number of the clergy and laity of the 
northern and western parts of the state, convened at Al- 
bany, and organized themselves into a society by the name 
of the Northern Missionary Society of the State of New 
York, the design of which was the propagation of the gos- 
pel in the frontier settlements and among the Indian tribes 
of this and the neighboring states. 

The bill to erect a public building in the city of Albany 
with a view of rendering it the permanent seat of govern- 
ment passed both branches of the legislature, and became 
a law. 

The house of assembly also passed a bill incorporating 
a company to open a canal round Niagara falls, with a 
grant of 6,000 acres of land in its immediate vicinity. 

The legislature having fixed the seat of government at 
Albany, the corporation of the city made them an offer of 
any unappropriated ground that might be chosen for the 
purpose of erecting the public buildings. The present 
site of the Capitol was chosen, and was thus described at 
that time. " It extends along the west side of the public 
square, from Deer street on the south, to Lion street on 
the north, which last is the main street by which the 
western country enters the city. On this ground the 
buildings have a direct view of State street, and the rows 
of stately edifices which adorn the sides of it, from its upper 
to its lower extremity. The prospect from this place is 
extensive and beautiful.. It goes to the north, the east 
and the south till the summits of the distant mountains 
terminate it in the horizon. Hence the blue tops of the, 
Catskill are seen mingling with the clouds, and the majestic 
Hudson winding between the islands below, till the lessen- 
ing sails on its surface vanish to the eye ; and above till its 
curving margins hide the retreating waves in the neighbor- 
hood of Troy. The village of Bath, and the fields and 
ridges on the opposite side of the river, teeming with vege-. 
tation in its fullest luxuriance, are parts of the picture 
here presented to charm the mind capable of relishing its 



Notes from the Newspapers. 185 

beauties. The cemetery immediately to the south, over- 
spread with a sheet of verdure, and a wide, opening valley 
beyond it, through which a meandering rivulet runs to 
refresh the air, will forever afford free access to the cool- 
ing zephyrs in the sultry season. The large vacant area 
in front will in no small degree contribute to the same 
end. It will no doubt be hereafter so improved as to ans- 
wer, in the best possible manner, the purposes of health, 
pleasure, and other objects of public utility. It will be a 
little field for the taste and genius of artists in the science 
of elegance, to which a free scope will here unquestionably 
be given before much length of time has elapsed. Springs 
of the best water also break out about it in several places ; 
and plentifully yield that inestimable luxury of life, the 
want of which is so much lamented through the city in 
general. Behind lies that part of the city which is laid 
out into regulai shapes, extended over a plain gently 
sloping to the morning sun. This, though not thickly 
settled as yet, can not remain many years without rivaling 
in business those parts which are now most valued on that 
account, and outshining them by the splendor of its im- 
provements. Nothing is wanting to make it capable of 
receiving the last finish of art, in addition to the finest 
beauties of nature." 

March 6. The assize of bread was " a loaf of good 
common tail flour to weigh 1 Ib. 12 oz. for 6d. 

May 30. The mayor laid the corner stone in the foun- 
dation of the state offices, which were begun to be erected 
on the corner of State and Lodge streets. They are now 
turned into a geological museum, in which are deposited 
the collections of the geologists who surveyed the state. 

The post roads were extended by Congress, among 
which were some extensions on the roads diverging from 
Albany. Among others, a new route from Lansingburgh 
by Waterford, Still water, Fort Edward, Whitehall, Fair- 
haven, to Rutland, in Vermont. Another from Lansing- 
burgh, by Salem, Fairhaven, Vergennes, Bason-harbor 
Plattsburgh, to Champlain. From Schenectady, Ballston 
Springs and Glensbridge, to Sandy-hill. 



186 Notes from the Newspapers. 

A report was published in the New York papers that 
the Albany Bank had failed on account of the great influx 
of counterfeits of its own bills. The bank at this time 
had been in operation five years, and to this day there 
had not been an instance of any of its bills having been 
counterfeited. It appears to have been managed with 
considerable ability, and in proportion to its capital pos- 
- sessed more specie than any bank in the country. The 
current price of its stock was from 45 to 50 per cent above 
par. 

The seat of government having been fixed at Albany, 
and the governor, John Jay, authorized to hire a house 
for his accommodation, he took " Mr. James Caldwell's 
elegant house in State street" (No. 60). 

Among the acts of the Legislature, having relation to 
the city of Albany, were the following. 

1. A law concerning the election of charter officers. 

12. To suspend the power of the commissioners for 
erecting a state prison in the county of Albany. 

31. An act for erecting a public building in the county 
of Albany, and for other purposes therein mentioned. 

71. An act to amend an act entitled an act to incorpo- 
rate the stockholders of the Bank of Albany. 

72. An act to regulate buildings within certain limits 
of the city of Albany. 

73. An act to increase the number of firemen in the 
city of Albany. 

87. An act for constructing a road and establishing and 
erecting turnpikes between the city of Albany and the 
town of Schenectady. 

102. An act authorizing the mayor, aldermen and com- 
monalty of the city of Albany to raise a sum of money by 
tax for defraying the expense of lighting the lamps, and 
for the support of a night watch in the said city. 

It is mentioned as an instance of remarkable dispatch, 
that Col. William Colbreath, sheriff of Herkimer, left this 
city on Sunday morning, (7th) on board a vessel for New 
York, and returned on Thursday (llth) afternoon; having 
in a little more than four days including a day and a half 
he was in New York, performed a journey of 330 miles. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 187 

Aug. 4. The city was visited by an extensive confla- 
gration, which swept down several streets, consuming 
ninety-six dwellings, and rendering houseless one hundred 
and fifty families of about one thousand persons. The 
fire originated in an old storehouse on the Middle Dock, 
in the rear of Montgomery street, and in its progress ex- 
tended into and destroyed houses in Dock, Montgomery, 
Steuben, Market, Middle lane, Columbia, and Watervliet 
streets. It was the greatest calamity that had ever 
befallen the city. 

Aug. 8. Wouter Knickerbakker, for many years a resi- 
dent of Albany, died at Saratoga, aged 84 years and 9 
months. 

At a court of oyer and terminer held in the city during 
the first two weeks in September fourteen criminals were 
convicted and sentenced. The penalties for offences at 
this time will be gathered from the following : 

Isaac Robbins, convicted of passing a false receipt for 
money, imprisonment for life at hard labor. 

Simon Brant, passing two counterfeit quarter dollars, 
imprisonment for life at hard labor. 

Jacob, a negro slave, burglary, the same penalty. 

John Garrit, do do 

Isaac Van Doren, horse stealing, 7 years at hard labor. 

Sept. 13. The Roman Catholic chapel corner stone 
was laid by Mr. Thomas Barry, who was a merchant at 
this time. The foundation, it is stated, was to be laid 
this season, and the church to be completed the following 
year. It occupied the site of the present church in Chapel 
street, then called Barrack street. 

" Turnpikes. Notice is hereby given, that a book for 
receiving subscriptions for shares in the stock of the com- 
pany established by virtue of an act entitled " An act for 
constructing a road and establishing and erecting turn- 
pikes between the city of Albany and the town of Schenec- 
tady," will be opened on Tuesday the 23d inst., at 10 
o'clock, in the forenoon, at the dwelling house of James 
Van Ingen, in Pearl street, in the city of Albany, and will 
continue open every day, Sundays excepted, between the 



188 Notes from the Newspapers. 

hours often and twelve in the forenoon, until the 4th day 
of September next 

JOHN VANDERHEYDEN. 

KILLIAN K. VAN RENSSELAER. 

SANDERS LANSING. 

JAS. VAN INGEN, 

Commissioners." 

Two brass field pieces, an ammunition wagon, and other 
requisite apparatus in complete order, were received from 
New York, for the use of the Albany Independent Artillery. 
They were cast by James Byers, of Springfield, Mass. 

Fourteen house lots in the Upper Pasture, belonging to 
the consistory of the Dutch Church, were sold at auction 
at an average sum of $285 each. Five years previous the 
same class of lots sold at 15 to 30 dollars. 

The paving of Court street was commenced. . 

Aug. 17. A collection in aid of the sufferers by the 
great fire was taken in the Dutch church, which amounted 
to XI 19 14s. ($298^50.) 

The following were the members of assembly elect for 
this year, in the city and county of Albany, with the num- 
ber of votes each received. 



Dirck Ten Broeck, 2345 

John H. Wendell, 1404 

John Prince, ..; 1589 

Philip P. Schuyler, ... 2010 
Joel Thompson, 1 505 



A. N. Heermance, 1 736 

Nathaniel Ogden, 2220 

Johan Jost Deitz, 1423 

Peter West, 1489 

Thomas E. Barker, . . . 1573 



The total number of votes was 2647. 

The senators for the Eastern district, including Albany, 
Saratoga, Clinton, Washington and Rensselaer counties, 
were Abraham Van Vechten, Anthony Ten Eyck, Eben- 
ezer Clark, Zina Hitchcock, Jacobus Schermerhorn. 

June 12. On Monday the corner stone of the Dutch 
church in North Pearl street was laid by Rev. John B. 
Johnson. At 5 o'clock p. M., a procession, composed of 
the consistory of the church, the clergy of the several con- 
gregations, the mayor and corporation, and the judges of 
the supreme court and common pleas moved from the 
consistory room to the site of the new church. After 



Notes from the Newspapers. 189 

laying the corner stone, Mr. Johnson addressed the com- 
pany assembled, in a short speech, and concluded the cere- 
mony with prayer. The procession again formed, and 
returned to the consistory room, where they partook of a 
collation. The church was intended to be ] 16 feet by 70 ; 
the undertakers and architects, Messrs. Putnam arid Hook- 
er; contract price, $25,000. 

July 3. The celebrated Dr. Perkins, inventor of the 
.metallic tractors, made his appearance in the city, with a 
sufficiency of testimonials from physicians and others, of 
the efficacy of his instruments in " removing rheumatic 
pains, head aches, agues in the face, cramps, convulsions, 
and inflammatory swellings of the throat." They had 
their day. 

Account current of receipts and expenditures for watch 
and lighting the city, for the years 1795, 1796 and 1797. 

1795. Oct. 31. Watchmen for one qua/ter, 98 12s 

257 gallons oil, 83 16 6d 

1796. Feb. 8. Watch one quarter, 98 15 

Apr. 30. do 114 19 

July 26. do 113 15 

Aug. 1. Sundry night watch at jail 32 6 

10. 161J gallons oil, 67 15 10 

Oct. 4. A. Linn, cleaning and light- 
ing lamps, 36 511 

" 22. Watchmen one quarter, .. 114 13 

24. 74| gal. oil 36 4-9 

Dec. 19. 107^ gal. oil, 47 16 

1797. Jan. 18. Watchmen one quarter, . . 115 10 6. 

Cleansing and lighting . . 

lamps, 13 6" 

Apr. 3. 155 gallons oil, 67 3 0> 

1*9. Watchmen one quarter, .. 112 S 
May 24.. E. Johnson, cleaning and 

lighting lamps, 18 5 

July 3. 190 galls, oil, 48 6 

11. Watchmen 1 quarter, 113 11 

w 18. A. Linn, cleaning and light- 
ing lamps, 19 7 9 



190 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Aug. 22. 353 galls, oil, 141 11 

Sept. 27. Spirits turpentine, 14 17 

** " Wood and candles and 
sweeping chimney for 
watch, 18 4 



1525 15s 6d 

Oct. 9. Bread, lib. 12oz. for 6d. 
The receipts and expenditures of the city for the year 
ending the second week in October, were as follows : 

Oct. 11, 1796, Balance in the treasury, 1160 6s 5d 
" 9, 1797, Receipts into " 6868 7 -J 

" " " Expenditures, 7699 4 3 

" " " Balance in the treasury, 329 9 2J 
Dec. 11. Albany Museum. A museum is now esta- 
blished in this city, and is open for inspection at the cor- 
ner of Green and Reaver streets, opposite Mr. Denniston's 
tavern, every day, Sundays excepted, from 9 o'clock in 
the morning, till 9 at night. It contains a number of 
living animals, and a great variety of other natural and 
artificial curiosities. Admittance 2s., Children Is. The 
highest price paid for curiosities of any kind. 

1798. 

Jan. 14. HAN JOOST, an Oneida warrior, died suddenly 
in the city on Sunday evening, Jan. 14. He distinguished 
himself as a volunteer under Gen. Gansevoort, during the 
siege of Fort Stanwix, in the revolutionary war, and com- 
posed one of that gallant party, commanded by Col. Wil- 
lett, who in a sortie carried destruction through the 
enemy's camp. After the siege was raised, he returned 
to his wondering countrymen, loaded with the spoils of 
the enemy, and covered with glory. 

The legislature passed "An act to establish a turnpike 
corporation for improving the road from the springs in 
Lebanon to the city of Albany." 

The address of the citizens of Albany to the president 
of the United States, " solemnly pledging themselves in 
the most unequivocal manner, to sustain with energy the 



Notes from the Newspapers. 191 

constituted authorities of our country against all the 
machinations of its enemies, whether foreign or domestic," 
was signed by 800 freeholders and electors, and transmit- 
ted to the Hon. Mr. Glen, to be presented to the president. 
It is said that " only 20 or 30 declined signing it," of all 
the freeholders and electors in the city. 

The votes for members for the city and county of Albany 
were as follows: 

Bethlehem, 168 

Coeymans, 108 

Coxsackie, 246 

Rensselaerville, 289 

Bern, 192 

Duanesburgh, 252 

Princetown, 51 



Albany, 1st ward, 207 

" 2d " 115 

" 3d " 65 

Schenectady. 1st ward, 160 

' 2d " 156 

" 3d " 52 

" 4th " 107 

Watervliet, 302 

Total No. votes, 2477 



Dirk Ten Broek, and Jer. Lansingh, of Albany, Joseph 
Shurtleff of Schenectady, Johan Jost Deitz of Bern, James 
Bill of Rensselaerville, Philip P. Schuyler, Watervliet, 
Andrew N. Heermance of Coxsackie, Prince Doty of 
Duanesburgh, and Thomas E. Barker of Freehold, were 
elected. 

" The traveller and stranger notice two important and 
very pleasing improvements in our city within a very few 
years the pavement of our streets and the number, neat- 
ness and elegance of our public buildings and houses of 
entertainment. The building for public offices, the new 
Dutch and Presbyterian churches, the Tontine, (by Ana- 
nias Platt) City Tavern and Hotel, in a particular manner 
reflect credit on the taste and public spirit of our city.". 

Stephen Van Rensselaer of Albany was re-elected lieu- 
tenant-governor of the state, unanimously. 

Sept. The first Catholic church in Albany was so far 
completed, as to require but a small contribution to dis- 
charge the last payment of the contract. The citizens 
generally appear to have aided its funds with great libe- 
rality. 

Oct. 3. On Wednesday, the 3d Oct., Eliphalet Nott 
was ordained to the work of the gospel ministry, and 



192 Notes from the Newspapers. 

installed pastor of the Presbyterian church, on the corner 
of south Pearl and Beaver street, then the only Presby- 
terian church in the city. Dr. Smith (president of Union 
College?) preached the ordination sermon, 2 Cor. iv, 2, 
Several of the Dutch Reformed ministers joined in the 
imposition of hands. 

THOMAS SHIPBOY, formerly an eminent merchant in this 
city, died on Monday, Oct. 8, and was buried on the fol- 
lowing day. He lived in the house next below the Ame- 
rican hotel, now occupied as a confectionery store, with a 
modern front. He also did business and lived in the house 
56 State street, afterwards occupied by Christian Miller, 

Liberal contributions were made by the citizens for the 
benefit of the sufferers by the fever in New York, which 
raged in the fall of this year. At a collection taken at 
the Presbyterian church $200 were contributed, and $108 
at the Episcopal church. The health committee acknow- 
ledged the receipt of $4 17 '55 from Rev. John Bassett of 
the Dutch Reformed church, being the balance of the 
collection made in this city, and 20 fat sheep from Dirk 
Ten Broek. Private donations to a large amount were 
also frequently acknowledged. 

The expenses of the city for lamps and night watch, 
for the year ending 2d Tuesday in October, was 1172, 
17s Id. 

The new Dutch church in this city is completed. It is 
a superb and elegant building, finished in the most modern 
style, with two handsome domes or steeples. It is situated 
in Pearl street, at the intersection of Orange street, and 
takes the name of The North Church. The architects 
were Messrs. Putnam and Hooker; the contract 10000 
($25,000). The sale of the pews commenced on Monday 
last, when 82 were sold for $10,371, with a reservation of 
$418 annual rent. Several of the largest pews averaged 
from four to five hundred dollars. There remained 77 to 
be disposed of. 



193 

ANCIENT WILLS. 

From the Albany City Records, Vol. IV. 

WILL OF ADRIAN GERRITSE PAPENDORP.* 

In y 6 name of y 6 Lord, Amen : The 7th day of October, 
one thousand six hundred eighty-eight, in y 6 4th year of 
y 6 reign of our Sovereign Lord James y e Second, by y 6 
Grace of God, of England Scotland France & Irland, King, 
Defender of the Faith, &c., appeared before me Jan Becker, 
notary public, resideing in Albany in America, Mr. Adrian 
Gerritse Papendorp, inhabitant of y 6 city of Albany ; who 
growing weak, yett of perfect and sound memory, under- 
standing & speech, to y* outward appearance, who minde- 
full of y e frailty of life and ye e uncertain hour of death, 
being unwilling to depart this life without disposeing of 
his temporall estate, give him by Almighty God, bequeath- 
ing his soule into y^ hands of God & his body to Christian 
buriall : Doth appoint, for his only and universal! heir, his 
respective wife, Jannetje Croon, of all what he shall leave 
behinde, after his death, both in this countrey, in Holland 
or any where els wherever it might be, both moveables & 
immoveables, bills of rentt, obligations or any thing else, 
howsoever it may be named, nothing in y 6 world excepted; 
to doe with all y 6 same as y 6 testator, in his life time, 
might or could doe. without being troubled or molested by 
any person in y e world to give an inventory of y 6 estate, 
much less to give security, because she shall be & remain 
administratrix & executrix during y 6 time of her natural 
life ; but after her death, his neece Harmyntje Nagles shall 
have one hundred pieces of eight, and if she be deceased 
then her children shall have the same. 

John Abeel, & his sister Elisabeth, shall have, before 
any division or particon be made, each of them one thou- 

* This will was proved Nov. 27, 1688. See Annals, vol. ii, p. 101. 
17 



194 Ancient Wills. 

sand gilders, Hollandt money, of y 1 money which y* testa- 
tor has in Holland, and for y e remainder y l he has in Hol- 
land, either immoveable estate or obligations or money, 
the same shall be equally divided among y e children of his 
wife's sisters, except y l Elisabeth vander Poel, sometime 
wife of Sybrant Van Skaik shall not participate in y 6 same, 
but in her stead & room all her children begot by y e s d 
Sybrant Van Skaik who are al of them to have as much 
as their moyr should have had if she had shared with y 6 
rest ; & Anthony Van Skaik & Johannes Abeel are ap- 
pointed tutors of y 6 s d part or portion, dureing y e minority 
of y^ s d Sybrant Van Skaik's children, or til their marriage. 

All y 6 cloathes of linning and woollen y 1 belongs to y e 
testator's body, Johannes Abeel shall have the same, as 
also his horse and slee with its appurtenances, y 6 gold 
seale, ring and silver tobacco box, and y e gardin y 1 lyes 
between Dirk Wessels & Jan Lansingh. 

The little sonne of Gerardus Beekman, called Adriaen, 
shall have y 6 testator's ring with y e stone, y 6 gold buttons 
which he wore in his shirt, y 6 silver tooth-picker, and great- 
est silver tommeler; and y e remainder of y e silver and 
gold, both coyned and uncoyned, shall be divided equally 
among Johannes Abeel and his three sisters, and Maria 
and Hanna Vander Poel, and y e children of Sybrant Van 
Skaik, who are herein to supply their mother's room, 
as also the house wherein the testator dwells: provided 
that Anthony Van Skaik and Johannes Abeel shall be 
tutors of y 6 children of Sybrant Van Skaik, who all of 
them shall inherit their mother's share as aforesaid. 

And what shall be found more of linning, woolle, pew- 
ter, brasse, or pictures, shall be divided in equal parts 
among Johannes Abeel, Dirk van Derkarre, Elisabeth 
Vander Poel, & Mary & Hanna Vander Poel, John, Mag- 
dalena, Mary and Elisabeth Abeel. 

And what shall be found over & above of yron or gems 
or other household stoff, or whatever else not men- 
tioned above, that shall be equally divided between Jo- 
hannes Abeel & Evert Banker, always provided that it is 
the testator's will that this shall in no manner lett or 
hinder y 6 administration of my wife, & what shall be found 



Ancient Wills. 195 

lesse or otherwise after her death, shall be accepted off 
and held good. 

It is also y 6 testator's will and desyre that after his 
wife's decease, Johannes Abeel & Evert Banker shall be 
administrators of y 6 estate, & whatever the testator's wife 
shall leave behind, to distribute to every person as it is 
here expresst in this testament ; and y 6 s d persones are to 
rest satisfyed with such distribution, without troubling y 6 
s d administrators or executors to give an inventory, much 
lesse to give security for their due administration, but 
must content themselfs, so as y e s d persones shall in 
their minds think lit & convenient, upon y 6 penalty y 1 
whoever of y 6 heirs shall do or act anything to y e con- 
trary, they shall forfeit whatever is give or bequeathed 
them by this will. 

The testator doth likewise will and desyre that if it 
should happen that he should depart this life after y e de- 
cease of his wife, y 1 then his estate shall be disposed of 
as above is mentioned, as if he dyed before his wife. 

Doth further desyre y 1 if after his wife decease he should 
grow impotent and infirm, that then y e s d Johanees Abeel 
and Evert Banker shall have y e management of his estate 
so as they shall think convenient as afores d . All y e be- 
fore writte y 6 testator declares to be his express will and 
desyre without being pers waded thereto by any person, 
but out of meer love and affection which he bears towards 
his s d wife, & wills y 1 it shall be of effect from y e least ar- 
ticle to y e greatest, lest as a testament, codicille, gift or 
case of death, or among y e living, or in any oyr manner, 
notwithstanding all y e forms used in y 6 law be not herein 
observed, requesting the most favourable construction to 
make y e same firm and stable. In testimony of y e truth 
hereof he hath signed and sealed y 6 same. 

Datum ut supra. 

ADRIAN GERRITSE PAPENDORP. [L. s.] 

Signed and sealed in ye presence 

JAN JANSE BLEEKER, Justice, Me present, J. BECKER, 

JAN LANSINH. Not. Public. 



196 Ancient Wills. 



WILL OF ANTHONY CORNELISE VANDER POEL. 

In y 6 name of God amen. The seventeenth day of June 
one thousand six hundred and eighty-seven, in y 6 third 
year of y 6 reign of our most gracious soveraign Lord, 
James y 6 Second, by y 6 grace of God of England, Scotland, 
France & Yrland, King, Defender of y 6 Faith, I, Anthony 
Cornelisse vander Poel, dwelling at Watervliet in y e 
mannor of Rensselaerswyk, in y e county of Albany, yeo- 
man, being in health, and of good, perfect and sound 
memory, praised be Almighty God therefor, and consider- 
ing y 6 frailty of man's life, y 6 certainty of death, and y e 
uncertaine houre of y e same, and being desyrous to putt 
all things in order, doe make this my last will and testa- 
ment in manner and form following; revoaking and abso- 
lutely making null and void by these presents all and 
each testament and testaments, will and wills, heretofore 
by me made and declared, whether by word or writing ; 
especially y 1 testament made by me and my wife, y e 12 of 
May, 1669, notwithstanding any promisse to y 6 contrare, 
or clause contained therein, and this only to be taken for 
my last will and testament, and no other. First, I com- 
mend my soule to y 6 Almighty God my creator, and to 
Jesus Christ my redeemer, and to y e Holy Ghost my 
sanctifier, and my body to y 6 earth from whence it came, 
to be buried in a Christian manner, there to remain till 
my soule and body shall be united in y 6 last day, & par- 
take of y 6 everlasting joys of eternity, which God in mercy 
through y e only meritt of Jesus Christ hath promissed & 
prepared for all them who truly and unfeignedly repent 
and believe in him. And touching such temporall estate 
of land, goods and debts as y e Lord hath been pleased farr 
above my desert to bestow upon me, I doe order, give and 
bequeath y e same in manner & form following. Impri- 
mis, It is my will and desyre y 1 after my decease my dear 
and well beloved wife, Catrine Jansse Croon shall remain 
in y e full possession of y 6 estate so long as she lives, with- 
out any molestation of my three daughters, or any of y e 
same, or by any body in their behalfs for an account or 



Ancient Wills. 197 

inventory of y 6 immovable or moveable goods, nor to be 
obliged to give them any portions upon pretence of their 
fathers estate, since they have had an outsett already, not 
willing y l my children shall any wise inherit my estate 
before y 6 death of their mother, my said wife haveing 
power to dispose of all y e movable goods, actions, cre- 
dits, negroes, money, gold, silver coyned & uncoined, 
Jewells, cloathes, linning, woolles, household stoff, and 
other things, nothing in ye world excepted or reserved, as 
with her own proper goods; and also to take and receive 
y 6 rents, fruits, profits & income of my land, houses and 
lotts, both here and in Holland, and also to receive y 6 
rent or interest of y e money in Holland, but not to sell, 
or alien any part of y e real estate or ye bills y l runn upon 
interest commonly called rente brieve, except (which God 
forbid) in case of fire, war or some oyr unavoidable oc- 
casion, y l might constrain her so to doe for her mainten- 
ance, in which case she may freely dispose of y 6 same. 

And after y e decease^ of my wife aforesaid, it is my will 
and desire y 1 y e estate y 1 there shall be found, of lands, 
houses, lotts, rente brieven or bill of rent, both here and 
in Holland, all oyr movable goods, actions or credites, 
wherever they be, shall equally be divided among my 
three daughters Elizabeth wife of Benony van Corlear, 
Mary wife of Anthony van Skaik, & Johanna Anthonisz 
yander Poel wife of Barent Lewis, or in case of their de- 
ceas among their lawfull heirs each a third part, y 6 one 
no more than y 6 oyr ; always provided y 1 y 6 portion of y e 
houses and oyr real estate both here and in Holland, as 
also of y 6 Hollands money which is fast upon interest in 
Holland, which shall fall to my daughter Elisabeth, shall 
be and remain for y e use andy e behoof of her children, with- 
out y 1 she or any body else shall have y e liberty to leste, 
alien, sell or barter y 6 same. But y 6 s d third part of y 6 
real estate here and in Holland together with y e third 
part of y e Hollands money upon interest, whether y 6 por- 
tion of Elisabeth fall out to be a house and money or all 
money, as y 6 portion to her shall happen to be, shall be 
delivered in hands of my sonne in law, Anthony van 
Skaik, Levinus van Skaik esq., or of y e aldermans of y 6 



198 Ancient Wilh. 

citty of Albany, & John Lansing, who are hereby consti- 
tuted and earnestly desired to be tutors of y 6 children 
of my daughter Elisabeth, and to pay to Elisabeth afore- 
said yearly during her natural life y 6 rents, profits and 
income of her share of y 6 real estate here and in Holland, 
and y 6 Hollandt money upon interest. It being in y 6 
power of y 6 s d tutors to put out y e s d portion to interest, 
either in Holland or here ; and after y* death of my s d 
daughter her s d share or portion equally to be divided 
amongst her children, and if it should happen y 1 one of y 6 
s d tutors should dye before my s d daughter Elisabeth, then 
it is my desire y 1 y 6 surviving tutors choose an honest man 
in y 6 room of him deceased, & so to proceed if an oyer of 
y 6 tutors should dye, y e surviving to choose a third in y 6 
room of y e deceased tutor, 

Lastly, I make, constitute and ordain my well beloved 
wife my only executrix of this my last will and testament, 
with power to choose one or two tutors or overseers to 
assist her in y 6 administration of y 6 estate; and if my s d 
three children or their heirs, after y death of my wife, 
should have any dispute concerning y 6 division of y e goods 
or chattels in this country, my desire is y 1 Mr. Levinus 
Van Skaik & Jan Lansing as arbitrators, shall decide y e 
businesse and see y 1 all be orderly managed in law and 
vriendship, to whose decision I refer all disputes y 1 might 
arise among my children, without any oyr person to inter- 
medle theinselfs about it. 

In witnesse whereof I have hereunto put my hand and 
seale, in Watervliet in y 6 manner of Rensselaerswyk, at 
y 6 house of y e testator y 6 day and y 6 year abovesaid, 

TEUNIS CORNELISE VANDERPOEL. 

Upon y 6 outside of y e will was as follows : 

In y 6 name of God, amen. Know all people y* on y 6 
seventeenth day of June, anno Jesu Christi, 16 ,7," in y 6 s d 
year of y 6 reign of our souveraign Lord James y 6 2 d by y 6 
grace of God, of England, Scotland, France and Yrland, 
king, &c., appeared before me Robt. Livingston, clerk of 
y 6 city and county of Albany, and y 6 following witnesses, 



Ancient Wills. 199 

Anthony Cornelise vander Poel, in his own proper per- 
son, dwelling at Watervliet in y 6 mannor of Rensselaers- 
wyk, in y 6 county of Albany, of perfect health and sound 
memory & understanding, & did declare y l in y 6 inside of 
this closed paper by ine Robt. Livingston sealed in five 
places, to be writt and comprehended his testament, last 
and utmost will, desyring y l after y* decease of him, An- 
thony Cornelise vander Poel it may be opened, in all its 
parts and points be followed and observed, and subsist & 
have its full power & virtue. Thus done at Watervliet, 
at y e house of y 6 s d testator, in y 6 presence of me, Hend. 
Van Ness & Pr. Lokermans as witnesses hereunto desyred. 
Datum ut supru. 

Was signed TEUNIS CORNELISE VANDERPOEL. 
Me present, RT. LIVINGSTON, Clerk. 

Signed $ Sealed in ye presence of 
HEXD. VAN NESS, 

PR. LOKEKMANS, 



WILL OF CARSTEN FREDERIKSE. 
In y name of God, amen. This first day of July, 168$ 
appeared before me, Robt. Livingston, sec. of Albany, 
colony Rensselaerswyk & Shennechtady, wittnesses, Car- 
sten Frederikse, smith, andTryntje Warners his wife, both 
using their senses & memory perfectly (although s d Car- 
sten being sick of body) who, considering y 6 shortness & 
frailty of man's life, y e certainty of death, & y e uncertain 
hour of y e same, & being desirous to prevent y e same in y l 
time granted to them by God, with a due disposition of 
their temporal goods to be left, they both declare hereby 
to have made ordained and concluded this their testament, 
or last will without induction or persuasion of any body, 
both reciproque in manner & form following : First recom- 
mending their immortal souls when they shall depart out 
of their bodies in y e inercifull hands of God their creator 
and saviour, & their corps to a Christian buriall : & whereas 
y e testators have never made hitherto joyntly or severally 
any testamental disposition by any name whatsoever, be- 
fore y e date of this present, as they doe hereby declare, 



200 Ancient Wills. 

coming herewith to make their principall disposition & 
last will, nominating and instituting hereby to their only 
and uttmost heir y 6 survivant of them both in all y e goods 
movable and immovable, actions, credites, money, gold, 
silver, coyned & uncoined, Jewells, cloths, linning, woollen, 
household stuff and all oyr things none excepted or reserved 
which y 6 first deceased shall leave by decease, both in this 
country and elsewhere, wherever it be, for to doe there- 
with and to dispose thereof as y 6 survivor of them both 
with his or her patrimoniall goods or effects might doe 
without contradiction of any person ; but if y e surviving 
party should happen to re-marry, then he or she shall be 
obliged to pay to each of their four children to wit, Mar- 
garet Carstense aged about twenty years, Warner Carstense 
aged fifteen years, Anna Mary Carstense aged twelve years, 
Magdaleentje aged nine years, as soon as they shall be 
come to age, y* som of fifty bevers, with a suteable outsett 
as burgers' children of their quality ought to have. But 
if y 6 surviving party shall re-marry before y 6 3 children 
now in their minority be come to age, y 6 s d children shall 
not molest y 6 survivant before they be come to age, for y e 
survivant is obliged to aliment & to cloath y e s d children, 
cause them to be taught to read and write, & a trade 
whereby they in time may honestly get their livelyhood ; 
& if any of y 6 s d children doe chance to dye in their minor- 
ity, their portion shall fall to y 6 surviving party if not re- 
marryed, but if y 6 surviving party shall be remarryed, then 
that childes portion dyeing under age shall fall to y e sur- 
viving childres. It is further y 6 will and desyre of y 6 
testators y 1 when Carste Frederikse departs this life, 
all y e tools belonging to y e smith's shop shall be for 
his only sonne Warner, besides his portion : provided y e 
s d Warner doe learn y 6 smith's trade, who shall receive 
y e s d tools as soon as he is capable to set up y 6 trade. 
This y e partyes have made & concluded for good reasons 
them hereunto moving, and out of speciall love & affection 
which they bear y e one to y e other, all y 6 above writte, the 
testators declare to be their tastament, last and utmost will, 
desyring y 6 same may be of full force & effect, after y e de- 
cease of y 6 first of y e partyes to these presents. Be it as 
a testament, codicil, or otherwise, notwithstanding all y e 



The British Spy. 201 

forms used in y 6 law be not observed, requesting of all courts 
and judges y e uttmost benefit of this their disposition ; in 
confirmation thereof they have signed this with their hands 
in Albany, at y e house of y e s d testators, in y 6 presence of 
Stoffel Jansse & Evert Johnsse kuyper, as witnesses here- 
unto required. Datum ut supra. 

Was signed CARSTEN FREDERIKSE, 

& with y e mark of TRYNTJE WARNERS. 
On y e margin Me present, R. L. Sec. 

STOFFEL JANSSE ABEEL, 

EVERT JANSSE. 



THE BRITISH SPY. 

In the year 1776, when Gov. George Clinton resided in 
Albany, there came a stranger to his house, one cold win- 
ter morning, soon after the family had breakfasted. He 
was welcomed by the household and hospitably entertained. 
A breakfast was ordered, and the governor, with his wife 
and daughter, who were sitting before the fire employed 
in knitting, entered into a conversation with him about 
the affairs of the country, which naturally led to the inquiry 
what was his occupation. The emotion and hesitation 
with which the stranger replied aroused the suspicion of 
the keen-sighted Clinton. He communicated his suspicions 
to his wife and daughter, who closely watched his every 
word and action. Unconscious of this, but finding that 
he had fallen among enemies, the stranger was seen to 
take something from his pocket and swallow it. Madame 
Clinton, with the ready tact of the women of those trou- 
blous times, went quickly into the hitchen, ordered hot 
coffee to be immediately prepared, and added to it a strong 
dose of tartar emetic. The stranger, delighted with the 
smoking beverage, partook freely of it, and Madame Clin- 
ton soon had the satisfaction of seeing it produce the 
desired effect. True to the Scripture, " out of his own 
mouth he was condemned." A silver bullet appeared, 
which upon examination was unscrewed, and found to 
contain an important dispatch to Burgoyne. The spy 
was tried, convicted and executed, and the bullet is still 
preserved in the family. Anon. 



202 



TJIE GRAND CONGRESS AT ALBANY IN 1754. 

The British Government, in the year 1754, wisely con- 
cluded that the only effectual method of resisting the san- 
guinary assaults of the French and Indians upon their North 
American possessions, was a union of the several colonies. 
Accordingly, in pursuance of the orders of George lid, the 
14th of June was appointed for a grand congress of com- 
missioners from the several provinces, to be held in this 
city, as well to treat with the Six Nations, as to determine 
upon a plan for a general union of the colonies. Messen- 
gers had been previously despatched to the Indians to 
request their attendance, but they did not arrive till the 
latter part of the month ; and the Mohawks, who lived 
but forty miles distant, came in last. This delay on the 
part of the Indians was attributed by some to the artifices 
of Col. William Johnson ; by others to fear on their part lest 
the French should fall upon their settlements during their 
absence. The Indians, when arrived, apologized for their 
delay through Hendrick, a noted Mohawk sachem. 

The congress was opened on the 18th of June, and on 
the 29th, after settling disputes between the commissioners 
concerning rank and precedence, Lieut. Governor De 
Lancey of New York addressed himself in a speech to the 
Indians. There were commissioners present from New 
Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Penn- 
sylvania and Maryland. Among them were Theodore 
Atkinson of New Hampshire, Thomas Hutchinson of Mass. 
Benj. Franklin of Pa., and Col. Tasker of Md. The lat- 
ter gentleman wrote a very interesting account of the 
congress, which we remember to have seen some years 
since in the library of the late Gov. Lloyd at Wye House, 
Talbot Co., Maryland. Gov. Wm. Livingston of New 
Jersey is also the reputed author of an account of the 
same congress, contained in a Review of the Military 
Operations in North America, from 1753 to 1756. 

The treaty with the Indians was conducted with great 
solemnity. Presents of great value were made to them 



Grand Congress at Albany. 203 

by the several governments, with which they appeared to be 
well pleased. 

The Indians being dismissed, the congress remained in 
session till the llth of July. The commissioners were, 
both for abilities and fortune, among the first men in North 
America. The speakers, however, as we are told, were 
few in number; but among them were those who spoke 
with singular energy and eloquence. All were inflamed 
with a patriotic spirit, and the debates were moving and 
heart-stirring. Gov. Livingston compared the congress 
with one of the " ancient Greek conventions, for support- 
ing their expiring liberty against the power of the Persian 
empire, or that Louis of Greece, Philip of Macedon." 
Before adjournment, a plan was adopted for a general 
union of the British colonies in North America, and for 
creating a common fund to defray all military expenses. 

At the time the congress of 1754 was held, Albany 
contained only 300 or 400 houses, and a population of 
from 1500 to 2000. Still it was then, and continued to 
be for years afterwards the centre of the military opera- 
tions of the British government against the French and 
Indians. The great army of General Abercrombie was 
encamped for several weeks in Bethlehem, a short distance 
below Albany, and halted on its march to Ticorideroga, 
the first night, in "Watervliet, near what is now Port Schuy- 
ler. The gallant Lord Howe, who was an officer of that 
army, spent that night, as Mrs. Grant informs us, under 
the hospitable roof of good "Aunt Schuyler," with whom 
he conversed long and late on the proper conduct of the 
war. For Madame Schuyler, after the death of her hus- 
band, was regarded by the British officers as one of the 
soundest and most reliable counsellors on Indian affairs 
in the colony. The great army resumed its march next 
day the tide of war rolled onward toward the frontier. 
No intelligence reached this section of the colony of the 
movements of the troops till a fortnight afterwards : when 
Pedrom, as he was familiarly called, a relative of Col. 
Schuyler, discovers one summer afternoon, a horseman 
riding furiously down the road from the North, bareheaded 
and in great haste. Pedrom, apprehensive of bad news, 



204 Epidemic in Albany. 

runs out to meet him. Without checking his horse the 
rider cries out to him that Lord Howe is killed and the 
British army defeated. Madame Schuyler was so affected 
by this disastrous news that she fainted. She loved the 
noble Howe as a son, and dreaded moreover the conse- 
quences of the defeat of the British army to the interests 
of the colony. (See vol. ii, p. 60.) 

The express dashes on toward Albany he passes the 
city barrier at the Colonie gate and delivers his dispatches 
at head quarters. The disastrous intelligence is quickly 
communicated to the citizens. Grief and lamentation 
pervade every quarter of the town. The officers of that 
army had lived on terms of intimacy with the worthy 
burgers of Albany. They had partaken of their hospi- 
tality, and enlivened by their brilliancy the dull monotony 
of provincial life. 

Such were the scenes enacted here in this ancient city 
of the Hollanders, nearly a century ago ; when Schenec- 
tady was the frontier town, and when Indian castles grim 
and black frowned over the whole valley of the Mohawk 
when the wily Frenchman held the Canadas, the great 
lakes and the valley of the Mississippi, and in his thirst 
for conquest, advanced his banners to the sor'thern ex- 
tremity of Lake Champlain. Statesman. 



EPIDEMIC IN ALBANY, 1746. 
In 1746, Albany was visited by a malignant disease 
called by Golden, a nervous fever, and by Douglass the 
yellow fever. The bodies of some of the patients were 
yellow the crisis of the disease was the ninth day; if the 
patient survived that day he had a good chance of recovery. 
The disease left many in a state of imbecility of mind, 
approaching to childishness or idiocy ; others were after- 
wards troubled with swelled legs. The disease began in 
August, ended with frost, carried off forty-five inhabitants, 
mostly men of robust bodies. It was said to be imported. 
Webster. 



207 



OKPHAN ASYLUM. 

From the Albany Daily Express. 

If there be any class that should particularly excite our 
warmest sympathetic feelings, and for whose care and im- 
provement the purse strings of the humblest should relax, 
it is those who, bereft of father and mother in childhood's 
innocent hours, are cast upon the world with no kind hand 
to assist them through the changing and ever changeable 
journey of life. The very term orphan, at all times 
awakens within the breast of the humane, those noble 
and generous impulses, that denote the high minded, gene- 
rous and good. What charity then can be more praise- 
worthy than an asylum a home for those little wanderers? 
Your hearts respond in audible tones that no institution 
presents such claims for its support and maintenance. It 
is heaven-born, and should never call in vain. 

The Albany Orphan Asylum first went into operation 
in November, 1829. Mrs. HEELY, the present excellent 
superintendent, may be styled its mother. At a social 
gathering held at the residence of our esteemed fellow 
citizen, JAMES D. WASSON, Esq., a number of ladies being 
present, the project was discussed. The utterly helpless 
and destitute condition of many young children whose 
parents had died, awakened an interest in the cause and 
it was decided that an effort at least should be made to 
improve their condition by the organization of an Orphan 
Asylum. Mr. and Mrs. WASSON became deeply interested 
in the good work, and with Mrs. HEELY" their labors were 
untiring, and as will be seen, were crowned with success. 

Let us interrupt the thread of our narrative at this time, 
to mention that from that period up to the present time, 
Mr. Wasson and his kind hearted lady have been among the 
most devoted and attached friends of this glorious institu- 
tion. Their reward has been the gradual extension of its 
benefits, and its present prosperous condition. While 
there are many others who are deserving of especial praise ; 



208 The Orphan Asylum. 

still we are well assured that every friend of the Asylum, 
possessing a knowledge of its affairs, will readily bear us 
out in our allusions to Mr. and Mrs. Wasson. 

But to resume; receiving encouragement from a number 
of benevolent ladies and gentlemen, to whom the plan was 
submitted, a frame building was hired at the upper end of 
Washington street which, by the way, is still standing 
and on the 1st of December, 1829, the institution was 
opened with eight children, which by the 30th of the 
month had increased to twenty, and before the 1st of May 
1830, over seventy orphans were receiving benefits from 
this generous charity. We should like to follow with 
minuteness its progress from its first opening to the date 
of a meeting held at the Asylum on the 19th of May, 1830. 
But our limited space forbids any such extended history. 
Suffice it to say, that during the period alluded to, it was 
visited by the humane and generous of our city, meeting 
their approval and best wishes, and receiving donations in 
money and useful articles from nearly all. The large 
number of recipients of the advantages of the institution, 
and the nature of its charity, in May, 1830, caused more 
active exertions to be set on foot for its permanent esta- 
blishment. Accordingly, on the 19th of that month a 
number of gentlemen assembled at the Asylum among 
whom we notice the following: Hon. John Townsend, 
mayor, Reuben H. Walworth, Samuel M. Hopkins, Jabez 
D. Hammond, Edward C. Delavan, John Willard, Amos 
Fassett, William H. Seymour, Joshua A. Burke, J. D. 
Wasson, and B. T. Welch. 

Chancellor Walworth was called to the chair, and J. D. 
Wasson, Esq. , acted as secretary. Resolutions were adopt- 
ed, declaring the Asylum for destitute children an import- 
ant and interesting charity, worthy the efforts of the 
benevolent for its support; and also appointing a com- 
mittee to draft a constitution, which should more effectu- 
ally secure a permanent organization, which should carry 
out the important object which called them together. The 
same committee were empowered to report the amount of 
funds necessary to be raised for the support of the institu- 
tion, and to make application for aid to the common 
council of the city. 



The Orphan Asylum. 209 

The next meeting was held on the 3d day of June, Chief 
Justice Savage acting as chairman. A constitution was 
reported and accepted. At the next meeting, July 10th, 
Edward C. Delavan was elected president; Dyer Lathrop 
treasurer; John G. Wasson, secretary; and Erastus Cor- 
ning, Jabez D. Hammond, Samuel M. Hopkins, James 
Gourlay, Joshua A. Burke, John Willard, George Young, 
James D. Wasson, Dyer Lathrop and Oliver Steele, 
managers. 

Meetings for business purposes were held at various 
times, and on the 1st of September, the treasurer reported 
the amount of receipts from May 1st to date, to be $876*08 ; 
expenditures $900*77, and the number of children in the 
Asylum, 117. 

This was the result of the primary organization of this 
noble charity, and the good it dispensed was and is incal- 
culable. We should like to follow the meetings more 
closely than our limits will permit, as we have become 
deeply interested in our researches as to this institution. 

On the 6th of December, 1830, the first anniversary 
meeting was settled to take place on the second Thursday 
of Jan., 1831. An invitation was extended to the Rev. E. 
N. Kirk to deliver the address, and a committee appointed 
to make the necessary arrangements. Pursuant to arrange- 
ment, the anniversary exercises were held, and addresses 
were delivered by Rev. E. N. Kirk and B. F. Butler, Esq. 

On the 10th of Jan. 1831, a committee was appointed 
to prepare a plan for rendering the institution permanent, 
and to enquire and ascertain where and how a suitable 
site might be obtained for the erection of a suitable build- 
ing to accommodate the rapidly increasing demands of 
the institution. 

On the 30th of March, 1831, the legislature passed "an 
act to incorporate the society for the relief of orphan and 
destitute children in the city of Albany," thus recognizing 
it as an object worthy the care and consideration of our 
citizens. 

On the 14th of April a resolution was adopted, declining 
from various sufficient reasons, to accept a small portion 
of the Washington Square, as a site for building; the 



210 The Orphan Asylum. 

common council having previously passed a resolution 
donating it for that purpose. 

During the month of April, a number of ladies held a 
fair in the " long room of the Albany Academy," the pro- 
ceeds of which amounting to $744'62 were generously 
given to the Asylum, and a public acknowledgment of the 
same appeared in the daily papers. 

On the 18th January, 1832, a committee was appointed 
to transact business for the board, relative to preparations 
for a building, procuring a plan, and locating or designat- 
ing a place for the same. 

A meeting of subscribers, donors for the establishment 
and endowment of the Asylum, was held on the 18th of 
January, William James, Esq., acting as chairman, and 
Gideon Hawley, Esq., as secretary. The committee ap- 
pointed at a previous meeting held on the 10th of January, 
to solicit subscriptions, reported that the sum of $16,502 
had been raised for the purpose stated, and that sum was 
ordered to be paid over to the treasurer of the Asylum, 
for the uses and purposes mentioned in their act of incorpo- 
ration. 

The exact date of the erection of the Asylum building 
we have not ascertained, but believe it to have been in 
1832 or 1833. 

On the 17th day of December, 1832, William James, 
Esq., president of the institution, died. He had been a 
very warm and devoted friend to the Asylum, and his 
liberal donations were of material benefit to it. The board 
of managers passed suitable resolutions of sympathy and 
condolence, and attended the funeral in a body. In the 
last will and testament of Mr. James was a bequest of 
$2500 to the Asylum. 

On the 29th of May, 1834, Hon. Stephen Van Rensse- 
laer was elected president of the institution, and served in 
that capacity up to the time of his death, Jan. 26, 1839. 
Resolutions were passed by the board of managers, sympa- 
thizing with the family of the deceased, and expressing 
deep sorrow at his loss, and directing the officers and each 
of the orphans to wear the usual mourning badge for thirty 
days. 



The Orphan Asylum. 211 

Archibald Mclntyre, Esq., was, on the 5th of March, 
1839, elected president, to fill the vacancy occasioned by 
the death of Mr. Van Rensselaer, and served for upwards of 
ten years, when James D. Wasson was elected president 
to fill the vacancy occasioned by his resignation. 

The Asylum during the first eighteen years of its exist- 
ence provided a home for seven hundred and thirty child- 
ren, and it is by no means too much to assert, that it has 
to the present time, afforded shelter to over 1000 orphans. 
Of the condition and prospects of the Asylum, it is now 
our intention to speak, and we hope we shall be excused 
if we turn plagiarist so far as to adopt portions of the 20th 
annual report of the directors, in January last : 

On the first of January, 1848, the permanent funds of 
the institution consisted of the four following sums, viz : 

1 . The James legacy, $2,500 

2. State Bank stock, 1,000 

3. Legacy of the late Henry Webb, 1,200 

4. do do Mr. Richardson 1,000 

Total permanent fund, Jan. 1848 $5,700 

It should be observed here, that the two last legacies, 
though bequeathed some time in 1847, did not come into 
our hands till a much later period, and have never been 
productive until the last year. 

In the months of January and February, 1818, 
we received in bonds paying interest, from 

different individuals, $16,450*00 

In bonds from two other individuals, payable in 

annual instalments without interest, 1,100*00 

In cash subscriptions, 2,400*00 

In life memberships at $2 each, 774*00 

Total receipts in those months towards a per- 
manent endowment, 20,724'00 

To which add the permanent fund before held 5,700*00 
And the legacy of the late Mr. Gregory, just re- 
ceived, 2,000*00 

And the sum total of all moneys which have 
been received at any time for the creation of a 
permanent fund, amount to 28,424*00 



212 The Orphan Asylum. 

The present state of this fund, and how much of it is 
now available for the current expenses of the institution 
shall be explained hereafter. 

We proceed, secondly, to state the receipts and expenses 
of the last three years. 

Average No. Current 

of children. Receipts. Expenses. Balances. 

1848 90 $4,110-56 $2,979*82 $1,130*00 

1849 102 3,711-74 4,266*35 554*61 

1850 106 3,426*05 4,002*06 577*00 

The sources from which the receipts of the last three 
years have been derived are as follows, viz : 

From bonds of individuals bear- 1848 ' 1849 * 1850> 
ing interest,* $1,151*50 $924'00 $731*50 

From annual installments on 
bonds of individuals not pay- 
ing interest, 120*00 120*00 120'00 

From interest on James legacy 

held in bond and mortgage, .. 175*00 176*20 176*58 

From dividends on State Bank 

stock, 117*37 126*40 72*30 

From dividends on Utica and 

Schenectady Rail road Co.. j 500*00 

Receipts from parents for board- 
ing children, 168*00 136*00 208*00 

Receipts from corporation, for 

boarding Alms house children 517*81 76337 610*29 

From appropriations by state to 

common schools, 208'64 232*28 

From appropriations by state to 

Orphan Asylum, 985.52 956*38 

From exhibition of children. . . 154*76 202.85 

From casual donations,^ 450*50 45*12 50*00 

From collections byapplication to 

individuals, as informer years 1,046 98 

Amounting in 1848 to $16,450. Reduced in 1849, by payment of 
principal, to $13,200. In 1850, by payment of principal, to $10,450. 

fin which we have an investment of $5,000. 

t Including a donation of $66 from Gov. Fish, and one of $304'36 
from Married Sociables, etc. $ Donation of Gov. Fish. 



The Orphan Asylum. 213 

Having made this statement of the receipts and expenses 
of the last three years, and also of all the moneys which 
have ever been received for the creation of a permanent 
fund; we shall now show how much of this fund is avail- 
able for future purposes. 

We have now, January, 1851, the following investments : 

In bonds of individuals bearing interest, $10,450 

do do not bearing interest, but 

payable in annual installments 740 

In Utica and Schenectady Railroad stock, (including 

the Webb and Richardson legacies) 5,000 

Loaned on bond and mortgage including the James 

legacy, 3,500 

The Gregory legacy in a note well secured 2,000 

State Bank stock. 1,000 

Cash invested, 1,163 

Total of all funds now held by the Asylum $23,853 

In purchasing our U. & S. R. R. Stock, we paid a pre- 
mium of $980. As this stock yield an interest of 10 per 
cent, thus redeeming half the premium money in one year, 
it will be seen at once that this was a judicious and economi- 
cal investment. This explains $980 of the difference be- 
tween our funds in 1848 and 1851. The excess of expenses 
over the income amounting, in three years, as we have 
seen, to $1,071 '91, explains so much more. The remain- 
der, amounting to $2,400, within a few cents, was expended 
upon improvements within and about the Asylum; im- 
provements so necessary to the health and comfort of its 
inmates, that the directors felt themselves justified in 
borrowing that sum from the permanent fund for so import- 
ant a purpose. This improvement was made in 1848, just 
after we had so heavily taxed the liberality of the public, 
when, of course, we could not think of making an addi- 
tional draught upon them for any purpose, however import- 
ant. It was stimulated moreover, by a very generous 
donation made on condition of its being thus appropriated, 
undoubtedly, with great effort on the part of the ladies 
composing 1 he Orphan's Fund Society ; a donation of $500, 
for which, and for the deep interest which they have ever 



214 The Orphan Asylum. 

shown in our concerns, we take this opportunity of express- 
ing our most grateful acknowledgments. 

During the past year 56 children have been received 
into the Ayslum, and 45 dismissed ; of those dismissed 28 
have returned to their parents or friends 13 have been 
put out to places, 2 have died, and 2 have run away. 

Of the 55 received 25 did not know their letters, 8 were 
in the alphabet, 9 could spell, and 12 could barely read. 

Of the 100 and over now in the Asylum, 4 are studying 
grammar, 9 history, 14 geography, 14 arithmetic, 63 are 
spelling, 55 are reading, 1 1 are writing in books, and 24 
on the black board. 

The last announcement which we have to make is cer- 
tainly a startling one. It is that from 100 to 150 children 
have been refused admittance into the Asylum during the 
past year for want of room. The physician further reports 
that more room is necessary even for the proper accom- 
modation of those who are there. Moved by these facts, 
one of our directors having secured the sum of $1,000 
from two individuals, is about making an effort to raise 
$4,000 more for the purpose of enlargement. Our warm- 
est prayers attend him; we trust that the orphan's God 
will animate his heart in the enterprise, and crown it with 
perfect success. And we can not believe that our fellow 
citizens will permit it to be reported again that more 100 
children have been refused admittance into its Asylum, in 
the course of one year, for the want of room. 

Thanks to the generous liberality of our citizens, they 
have by their actions and deeds given the directors to 
understand that if they can prevent it, no orphan making 
an application for admission shall be denied the same. 
The limited capacities of the building, and its utter inad- 
equacy to accommodate the inmates having become so ap- 
parent to the directors, John F. Rathbone and Daniel 
Campbell,* Esqs., two of our most enterprising young 
citizens undertook, themselves, to raise by subscription 
a fund sufficient to make such improvements in the build- 
ing as were actually necessary. They began the good 
work with a zeal which augured well for their success. 

*Died October, 1851. 



The Orphan Asylum. 215 

Their untiring efforts and self-sacrificing labors, we rejoice 
to say, were crowned with the most complete success, and 
when they sat down to review their work, they had the un- 
speakable gratification of knowing that they had been re- 
warded, by raising ten thousand dollars! an evidence of 
their own liberality and of our citizens which needs no com- 
ment. Here then was the much needed means to proceed 
with the enlargement of the Asylum, and the directors with- 
out delay ordered plans to be procured. William L. Wool- 
lett, architect, was applied to, and prepared the necessary 
plans. A few days since we addressed a note to that 
gentleman, soliciting a concise statement of the improve- 
ments making; to which the following answer was re- 
turned: 

Dear sir : The edifice occupied as the Orphan Asylum 
was formerly a building 40 by 80 feet ; an addition of 10 
feet was built upon the rear a few years ago, forming a 
sort of corridor. The improvements of this year are an 
entire new story on the 40 by 80 feet part ; together with 
an addition of 30 by 50 feet, four stories high on the south 
end of the main building. The additional space thus ac- 
quired will be appropriated for dormitories for the children 
school-room, play-room ; together with water closets and 
bathing rooms, new inside blinds to windows, hot air fur- 
nace; and painting, with sundry other improvements, secur- 
ing to the inmates much comfort. Some attention has 
been paid to outside effect. The facade is much im- 
proved, extending in a right line 110 feet, surmounted by 
a neat medallion cornice, with ornamental ballustrade. 
The old, leaky, ill-constructed hip roof has been removed 
and a new flat roof covered with tin put on. The addition 
on the end of the building has been constructed with 
"hollow walls," which are to be used for purposes of ven- 
tilation. The cost of the improvements now contemplat- 
ed will not be less than seven thousand dollars ! 

The above is all that occurs to me at present, in refer- 
ence to the improvements of the building in question. 
The master mechanics engaged on the work are John 
Bridgford, mason; Edwin Luce, carpenter; Peter Coburn, 



216 The Orphan Asylum. 

painter ; James Dixon, tinman ; who deserve much praise 
for the celerity with which they have executed their con- 
tracts. 

Yours truly, WM. L. WOOLLETT, Jr. 

The edifice, both internally and externally, will be one 
of the finest institutions in the city, and will now be fully 
competent to accommodate from one hundred and fifty to 
two hundred children. Of the balance of the $10,000, 
the sum of $2,400 will be set apart to refund that amount 
to the permanent fund, it having been found indispensably 
necessary, some time since, to encroach upon that fund to 
meet the wants of the institution. 

With the increased accommodations above described, 
and the consequent increase of yearly expenditures, our 
citizens will see the imperative duty of acting liberally 
towards the Asylum. Their income from vested funds of 
all kinds amounts to just $1,740. Allowing that the Di- 
rectors receive from the corporation for board of alms 
house children, as per last year, $610; from parents for 
board of children (half orphans) $200 ; from exhibition of 
children $200, and from the annual installments on the 
two bonds, which for a few years will continue to yield 
$120, and the entire resources will amount to but $2,845, 
when the annual expenses, governed by the strictest econ- 
omy, are never less than $4,000 with one hundred children. 
With the large additional number they expect to receive, 
the outlay must be proportionably augmented. To you, 
then, citizens of Albany, the directors look for that encou- 
ragement and generous assistance which will enable them 
to smooth the pathway of life to the poor orphan, and open 
to them prospects for future usefulness and fame. Shall 
their appeal be made in vain ? We already fancy that we 
hear the responses of your hearts, and that they are full 
of sympathy for those who have been deprived of father 
and mother, even in their earliest hours of existence. Oh ! 
turn not a deaf ear to the entreaties of those who may 
present the case to you. Be liberal, be generous, and you 
will be rewarded with the thought that you have done a 
noble action which shall ever redound to your credit. 
And, in the words of the report, "Those who are passing 



The Orphan Asylum. 217 

from the earth, who are about winding up their affairs in 
time, may we not ask, by the affection with which, in that 
solemn hour, they seek to establish a home for their own 
children, that they would not forget those who have no 
parents to love and remember them." 

The Asylum is now under the matronship of Mrs. Heely, 
its founder, a true-hearted, noble and devoted friend of 
the poor orphan a lady whose whole mind seems to be 
engrossed in the welfare of this helpless and destitute class. 
She is a mother to over one hundred children of both 
sexes, and they love, honor, obey and respect her with 
that filial regard, which we might well look for from those, 
whose interests she has so long studied Her reward will 
not be of this earth she will receive a brighter and better 
one in the world to come. 

Her assistant, Miss Ramsay, is one of the most intelli- 
gent young ladies that ever graduated from the Female 
Academy in this city. She is an orphan and was reared 
in the Asylum, until she arrived at a suitable age, when 
she declared her wish to become a teacher in the institu- 
tion. With this view she was sent to the Academy, and the 
rapid progress which she made, evinced talents of a very 
high order. She graduated with honor to herself, and 
with the best wishes of her associates. Situations, more 
inviting to some, perhaps, were open to her acceptance. 
With a spirit worthy of all praise, she refused them ; and 
accepted the position she now holds in the Asylum. Inti- 
mately acquainted with the wants of the orphan, she 
ministers to their cares with a mother's affection. In 
return, she is fairly idolized by the inmates, and it is truly 
affecting to witness their manifestations of love for her, 
whenever and wherever they come in contact. 

It would afford us the greatest pleasure to have devoted 
more time and space to the consideration of this subject ; 
but we have already occupied so much of both, that, were 
it not for the interest which clings to the associations 
connected with the Asylum, we should entertain some 
fears of being tedious. We have endeavored to render the 
sketch, however, as entertaining as possible, and if we 
shall have succeeded in arousing the sympathies of the 
19 



218 Commission of a Corn Viewer. 

public in behalf of this noble charity, we shall be richly 
repaid for the time and labor expended in the preparation 
of this article. 

Before closing, we deem it advisable to append the list 
of the present officers of the institution, at the same time 
remarking that any donations handed to either of the fol- 
lowing named gentlemen, will be thankfully received and 
gratefully acknowledged. 

JAMES D. WASSON, President. 

DYER LATHROP, Treasurer. 

JAMES DEXTER, Secretary. 

Rev. William James, James D. Wasson, John Q. Wilson, 
Marcus T. Reynolds, Eli Perry. Lawson Annesley, James 
Dexter, Ichabod L. Judson, William Thorburn, John F. 
Rathbone, Directors. 



COMMISSION OF A VIEWER OF CORN, 1689. 
Whereas you, Anthony Lispenard, baker, are authorized 
and appointed by y 6 mayor and alderman of this citty, to 
be Viewer of Corne, when any difference or dispute shall 
arise ; you are therefore hereby commissioned & empow- 
ered to diligently and faithfully discharge y e s d office of 
viewer justly and impartially according to y^ best skill 
and ability, when thereunto required, for which you are 
to take and receive for each time you give your judgment 
9d ; that is to say, if y e corn be sound, clean and merchant- 
able, of y 6 person y l was to receive y* same, but if oyrwise 
of y 6 person y l tendered y e delivery of y e same; and in y e 
doing and performing of which office according to your 
best judgment and consilience, in pursuance of the oath 
you have taken, this shall be your warrant. Given under 
y 6 scale of this citty in Albany, y e 15th day of January, 
1689. 



Forms of Oaths, 1689. 219 



FORMS OF OATHS, 1689. 

The following oaths of fealty were taken by the mem- 
bers of the two branches of the common council, on the 
accession of William and Mary to the throne of England. 
They are copied from the City Records. 

ALDERMAN'S OATH. 

Ye shall sweer that ye shall be true to our sovereaign 
Lord and Lady William and Mary king and queen y l now 
are, & to there heirs and successors kings of England & y 1 
v ee w ju according to y e best of your skill and capacity 
truely Endevor with a good Conshience and according to 
y laws of this Government Dispence Justice Equally and 
Impartially in all Cases and to all persones whereunto by 
virtue of your office you are Impowered and y* y % shall 
not be councill of any quarrell hanging before y 66 , but y*" 6 
shall further y'.wellfare and prosperity of this city Ende- 
vor y e good management of y 6 publike affares thereof & 
lett and hinder as much as in y ce Lyes any thing which 
may tend to y" Disturbance and Breach of there Majestys 
peace and y e Tranquellity of this Citty and y 6 Inhabitants 
thereof. So help you God. 

OATH OF A COMMON COUNCILL MAN. 
Ye shall sweer that ye shall be true to our souvereaign 
Lord and Lady William and Mary king and queen y 1 now 
are and to there heirs and successors kings of England 
&c. and Readily ye shall come when ye be summonced to 
y" common councill of this city, but if ye be Reasonably 
Excused & good and true councill ye shall give in all things 
touching the Commonwealth of this City after your witt 
and cunning & y f for favor of any person ye shall maintain 
no singular profit against y' common profite of this City; 
and after ye be come to the Common Councill ye shall 
not thence depart, untill y ? common councill be ended, 
without reasonable cause, or else by Mr. Mayors Licence, 



220 



Ferry Hates of 1784. 



and further y ec are to Endevor y e peace and Tranqellity 
of this city and y 6 Inhabitants thereof & to prevent & 
hinder any thing which may lead to y e Breach and hinder- 
ance thereof, and also any secret things y* be spoken or 
said in y n common councill which aught to be kept secret 
in no wise you shall disclose. As God you help. 



FERRY RATES, 1784. 

In the first No. of the Albany Gazette is published an 
extract from the city ordinances regulating the ferry, the 
rates of which were as follows : 
For transporting every person across except 

a sucking child, 

For every man, ox, horse, or cow, 
For every live calf or hog, 



2 coppers 
9 pence 
4 coppers 



do live sheep or lamb, 3 do 

do dead do do 2 do 

do barrel of rum, sugar, molasses, or 
other full barrel, 

do pail of butter, 

do firkin or tub of butter, 

do wagon and two horses, 

do full chest or trunk, 

do empty do 

do skipple of wheat, or other grain, 

do cwt of lead, pewter or other metal, 

do chaise or chair and horse, 

do saddle without a horse, 

do dozen pair shoes or boots, 

do do steel traps, 
and all other articles and things not enumerated in the 
same proportion to the rates above specified. 

These rates were doubled after sunset until sunrise; 
and it was enjoined upon the ferry master to keep at least 
two boats and a scow, two of which should be constantly 
manned by four able hands. 



6 do 

1 do 

2 do 

3 shillings 
6 pence 

5 coppers 

1 do 

4 do 
15 pence 

2 coppers 
2 do 

6 do 



The Lumber Trade in Albany. 221 



THE LUMBER TRADE IN ALBANY. 

From the Albany Evening Journal, Jan. 1851. 

An English writer in speaking of the various lumber 
marts in the world, sets down Albany as one of the most 
important, if not the largest on the globe. Of the truth 
of this remark we have no means at hand to substantiate 
the assertion, but that a very large business has been done 
here in lumber every year since 1836 no one who is con- 
versant with the trade will deny. A considerable amount 
of the lumber sold here has been brought down the Cham- 
plain canal, and entered the Hudson river at West Troy, 
from whence it is brought down the river in canal boats 
by means of small steam tugs which ply between this city 
and Troy during the season of canal navigation. Nor is 
lumber the only article which reaches us in that way. 
Several of the Oswego and Buffalo lines of canal boats, 
which have run directly from here to those cities, have 
ascended and descended the canal at West Troy, so that 
in no way can an accurate statement be made of the busi- 
ness of this place, except by a resort to the books of the 
shipping and receiving houses in this city. The six mile 
tolls, besides other expenses in the way of towing, is no 
small item to forwarders, who are compelled by ruinous 
competition to take property frequently at about, or only 
a fraction over, canal tolls. 

The best and most costly lumber sold in this market is 
from the neighborhood of the Genesee Valley and Che- 
mung canals. 

We have prepared the subjoined tables, giving the year- 
ly receipts at tide-water, of boards and scantling, timber, 
shingles and staves, and their estimated value for the 
year named. In submitting these tables we do not pre- 
tend to assert that this amount of property has been sold 
here. We are willing to yield a suitable proportion to our 
friends up the river ; but to give them all that a writer in 
Hunt's Magazine claimed for them, viz : all that entered 



222 



The Lumber Trade in Albany. 



the Hudson at West Troy, is more than any forwarding 
merchant would venture to claim. What we do maintain 
belongs justly to Albany, is the entire receipts of lumber 
at this place, and at least a third if not a half of that com- 
ing into the Hudson at West Troy. The figures for the 
year just closed show that more than one half the entire 
receipts of boards, &c.> at tide-water, came to this city by 
the Erie, while the exhibit of staves show that three- 
fourths of the entire receipts were taken in at this 
place. 

Boards and 
scantling ft. 

1836 189,116,847 

1837 133,385,757 

1838 151,114,100 

1839 141,494,033 

1840 124,173,383 

1841 177,720,349 

1842 150,657,900 

1843 177.402,600 

1844 140,891,000 

1845 237,924,666 

1846 260,335,271 

1847 299,078,633 

1848 262,279,116 

1849 297,431,140 

1850 425,095,436 

In glancing over the above figures, which exhibit the 
trade for the past 15 years, we find that the smallest re- 
ceipt of boards &c., was in 1840, and the largest in 1850: 
and that compared with the former dates, the business has 
increased more than three-fold. The receipts of timber 
were the lightest in 1842 and heaviest in 1850. 



Shingle?, M. 

1836 30,792 

1837 59,052 

1838 47,327 

y.v*w. 46,037 
: 



Value. 


Timber, 
cubic ft. 


Value. 


$3,782,336 


1,445,408 


$289,081 


1,867,400 


624,188 


81,144 


2,191,154 


695,600 


90,428 


2,334,671 


801,429 


124,311 


1,985.774 


784,310 


156,862 


3 021,245 


1,028,576 


216,000 


1.958,552 


361,589 


65,086 


2,749,741 


586,013 


125,993 


2,395,147 


917,295 


159.373 


4,044,720 


2.492,668 


498,534 


4,422,936 


1,798,198 


251,096 


* 5,078,564 


1,613,943 


169,160 


3,931,277 


1.510,777 


212.598 


4,459,157 


1,497,627 


119,598 


6,365,723 


3,039,588 


440,490 



- 



Value. 


Staves, Ibs. 


Value. 


$ 92.376 


41,033,060 


$ 328,264 


175,182 


66,387,990 


531,103 


165,644 


75,133,400 


525,933 


195,657 


69,646,234 


417,877 



Arrivals at the Port of Albany. 



223 



220,136 


48,996,000 


293,976 


185,540 


110,542,839 


552,714 


119,486 


55,268,500 


193,439 


210,244 


56,768,700 


227,074 


233,289 


95,356,100 


381,424 


234,390 


139,754.800 


628,898 


244,378 


106,152,500 


1,513,432 


405,548 


95,104,000 


1,239,677 


338,861 


114,246,000 


514,109 


153,774 


154,159,359 


693,701 


202,668 


202,224,480 


908,613 



1840 55,034 

1841 46,385 

1842 36,765 

1843 62,387 

1844 77,763 

1845 72,120 

1846 69,822 

1847 101,527 

1848 104,270 

1849 51,258 

1850 57,905 



The largest receipt of shingles was in 1848, and the 
smallest in 1836. The receipts of staves were the smallest 
in 1836 and the largest in 1850. Since 1847 there is appa- 
rently a great falling off in their estimated valuation ; for 
notwithstanding the receipts of the following year were 
much larger than that named, their estimated value is set 
down at a sum less by more than one-half the valuation of 
1847. It appears, however, that with the exception of '46 
and '47 their valuation has been pretty uniform ; and pro- 
bably this apparent discrepancy can be easily explained by 
those who were then engaged in the trade. 



ARRIVALS AT THIS PORT, JUNE 6, 1791. 

Schooner Pamela, Still well, Middletown, 

Sloop Paragon, Sweet, Rhode Island. 

Joanna, Anthony, Providence. 

Rainbow, Simmons, Staten Island. 

Friendship, Barnard, New York. 

Widow's Son, Pruyn, do 

Beaver, Ten Eyck, do 

Albany, Wendell, . do 

Washington, Lansing, do 

Peggy, Van Zant, do 

Sally, Trotter, do 
Speedwell, Van De Borough, 




224 Albany Lumber Market. 



ALBANY LUMBER MARKET, FOR THE WEEK 
ENDING JULY 30, 1851. 

From the Albany Evening Journal. 

During the past week, the sales of lumber have been 
restricted, and the market has ruled dull. The stock of 
Lumber has accumulated, which is not unusual at this sea- 
son. 

The annexed shows the receipts at this place from the 
opening of the canal to the 22d of July, inclusive: 

Boards and Shingles, Timber, Staves, 

scantling, feet. M. c. ft. Ibs. 

1849 65,315,436 17,507 3,814 42,251,158 

1850.... 90,612,040 18,795 18,596 59,656,820 
1851.... 109,271,923 21,961 88,980 34,316,890 

The above exhibit fully confirms our previous remarks 
in regard to the lumber trade. Those only who are fre- 
quent visitors at this mart can form any adequate concep- 
tion of the vastness of the trade, and the amount of capital 
invested in it. 

The following is the range of wholesale prices at the 
principal yards : 

Clear pine per M. $3 TOO a$33'00 

Fourth quality " 21'00 a 23'00 

Select box " 17'00 a 19*00 

Chemung box " a 15*00 

Box 12-00 a 14-00 

Pine floor plank, good, 1J inch each 00'21 a 00*26 

2d quality " 00*16 a 00'20 

culls " 00*09 a 00*12 

Spruce floor plank " 00*11 a 00*14 

plank, 2 inch, good, each 00' 18 a 00*20 

Pine boards, good each 00*15 a 00*16 

' 2d quality " OO'll a 00'14 

culls . . 00-07 a 00-08 



Meeting on the State of the Country. 225 

Hemlock boards " OO'OS a OO'OO 

joist, 3 by 4 " OO'IO a OO'IOJ 

"4by6 " 00'19aOO-20 

Wall strips, 2 by 4 " OO'OT a 00'07-J 

Clap boards, pine, clear " 00' 12 a 00' 15 

" 2dquality " 00' 10 a 00'12 

Ash, good per M. 20'00 a 23 00 

" 2d rate " 15'00 a 18'00 

Oak " 18-00 a 20'00 

Maple joists " 13'00 a 15*00 

Black walnut, good " 30'00 a 45'00 

2d quality " 25'00 a 28*00 

f " 30'00 a 33-00 

Sycamore, 1 inch " 16'00 a 18*00 

" " 14-00 a 16*00 

Cherry, good " 32'00 a 40'00 

" 2d rate " 20*00 a 30'00 

White wood, chair plank " 33'00 a 34'00 

1 inch " 17-00 a 20-00 

f " " 13-00 a 15-00 

Shingles. 1st quality, shaved pine.. " a 5'25 

2d " " " .. " 3-00 a 4-50 

common " " . . " 2'00 a 3'00 

1st quality, sawed " . . " 4'00 a 4'50 

" . . ' 3-00 a 3-50 

common " " . . " 2'00 a 3'00 

sawed hemlock. . " 2'37 a 2'62 



MEETING ON THE STATE OF THE COUNTRY. 

Notice. A meeting of the citizens of Albany and its 
vicinity is requested at the City Hall, on Wednesday the 
6th inst., at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, to take into con- 
sideration the present alarming state of our country, and 
to adopt such measures as the importance of the subject 
shall require. May 11, 1795. 

This meeting passed resolutions complimentary of John 
Adams's administration, and deprecatory of the French 
system of spoliation practiced upon American commerce, 
to which the president replied. (See ante, p. 190.) 



226 Commerce of Albany. 



COMMERCE OF ALBANY. 

The following tables were gathered from the book of 
the harbor master, by the commercial editor of the Even- 
ing Journal. The number of vessels arriving and depart- 
ing from the port of Albany during the years 1848 and 
1849, were as follows: 

1848. 1849. 

Schooners . . . .No. 284 tons 23,727 No. 302 tons 24,981 

Sloops 331 19,774 308 18,056 

Barges 115 17,264 119 17,792 

Steamers 36 15,350 40 16,849 

Propellers 5 916 4 841 

Scows 17 952 12 601 

Total 788 77,983 785 79,122 

The following is the total amount of tonnage for each 
year since 1837 : Tons. 

1838 36,721 

1839 40,369 

1840 39,416 

1841 50,797 

1842 49,356 

1843 55,354 

1844 65,507 

1845 70,985 

1846 71,011 

1847 97,019 

1848 77,983 

1849 79,122 

From the foregoing it will be seen that for a period of 
twelve years there was a steady, healthy increase of busi- 
ness on the pier. In 1847 there was a large increase. 
This, it will be remembered, was an extraordinary season, 
there was a large export demand for breadstuffs, and every 
thing that could float, either on the river or canal, was 
brought into requisition, and an immense business was 
done. A season such as that rarely occurs oftener than 
once in twenty years. 



Statistics of Intemperance. 227 



STATISTICS OF INTEMPERANCE. 

At a meeting of the Albany City Temperance Society, 
the following statistics were reported as the result of the 
investigations of a committee of the Rechabites, made in 
August, 1851. 

Among the statistics in regard to the number of grog 
shops in the different wards, we find the following: 

First Ward.. , 108 



Third " 


68 


Fourth " 


87 


Fifth " 


72 


Sixth " 


47 


Seventh " , 


103 


Eighth " . 


.... 72 


Ninth " 


81 


Tenth " . 


37 



Total, 744 

Thus it will be seen that there are 744 groggeries in this 
city, where liquor is dealt out by the glass, being one 
groggery to about every 67 persons, including men, women 
and children. Of this number there are about 426 licensed, 
and not one-tenth of these, by the law, are qualified to sell 
liquor, for the want of the requisite character in commun- 
ity. It w*as also shown that there are some 320 who sell 
without the necessary license. 

There are in the city seven breweries, which during the 
past year have manufactured 167,000 bbls. of beer, and 
under the increased demand, it is estimated that 100,000 
bbls. more will be manufactured annually. 

During the year 1850 there were 498 persons committed 
to the penitentiary, of which number 451 acknowledged 
themselves to have been intemperate, and 45 claimed to 
have been moderate drinkers. Since Mr. Pillsbury has 
had charge of that institution but two total abstinence 



228 Population at Different Periods. 

men had been committed. During the last year there had 
been twenty-two cases of delirium tremens there, two of 
which resulted fatally. 

From the chief of police it was ascertained that since 
the organization of the new police system, up to Sept. 21 
(3 months and 5 days) 1707 arrests had been made for 
various offences. Of this number, on the authority of the 
chief, at least three-fourths of the persons arrested were 
of intemperate habits. 

From the keeper of the jail it was ascertained that dur- 
ing the year 1850, there were committed to jail, 2193. 
From Jan. 1, 1851, to Sept. 20, 8 months and 20 days, 
2,143 showing an increase of about 25 per cent for the 
present year. At least 19 out of every 20 were of intem- 
perate habits. 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 
The population of Albany county in 1689 was 2,016; 
in 1698, 1,496. The cause of this diminution was the 
Indian war. During that war 557 " Christians," depart- 
ed from the city and county of Albany. In 1703 the 
population of Albany county was 2,273; in 1723, 6,501; 
of whom 808 were slaves, either African or Indian. In 
1731, 8,573; in 1737, 10,681; in 1746 the census of the 
county could not be taken "on account of the enemy." 
In 1749 it was 10,634 another decrease in 12 years by 
reason of the war. In 1756 the population of Albany 
county was 17,424, of whom 2,619 were blacks. In 1771, 
it was 42,706, of whom 3,877 were blacks. The county 
of Albany, previous to the Revolution, extended from 
Dutchess to the Vermont line east of the Hudson, and to 
the Canada line west of lake Champlain ; and westward 
to Tryon county, or to what is now the east line of Mont- 
gomery county. 



(229) 
INSCRIPTIONS 

IN THE 

PRESBYTERIAN BURIAL GROUND. 



Since the establishment of the Rural Cemetery on the 
Watervliet turnpike, a great many monuments with the 
tenants of the graves whose memory they preserved, have 
disappeared from the burial grounds on State street. The 
following inscriptions were copied from the grave stones 
in the Presbyterian burial ground, before any removals 
had been niade, and embrace nearly all the adults whose 
monuments were to be found there. They were con- 
tributed to this work principally by Mr. F. S. PEASE. 

Jannett wife of John Andrew, Dec. 12, 1801, aged 67. 

Susannah Alvord, Sept. 17, 1815, aged 20. 

John Aniver, Jan. 5, 1810, aged 22. 

Galen Avery, Feb. 10, 1814, aged 21. 

Lee Avery, Aug. 29, 1814, aged 29 years. 

Andrew Anderson, March 29, 1813, aged 37. 

John Annin, Nov. 9, 1803, aged 23. 

Benjamin Austin, Feb. 14, 1844, aged 85. 

Eliza Austin, Jan. 31, 1846, aged 38. 

Margaret, wife of Benj. Austin, Dec. 11, 1842, aged 82. 

Mary Hoyt, wife of Jeremiah J. Austin, Nov. 1, 1843, 
aged 22. 

Mary Arrol, 25th Feb., 1835, aged 46. 

Anne, wife of William Annesley, Sept. 5, 1838, aged 63. 

Sarah, daughter of William Annesley, who died at Bassa 
Cove, Western Africa, Dec. 1837, aged 31. 

Mary Ann La Casse, wife of Lawson Annesley, 18th 
July, 1836, aged 29. 

Bulah Allen, consort of the Rev. Solomon Allen of North- 
amp on, Mass., died in this city, May 29, 1813, aged 62. 
20 



230 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Huldah Russel, wife of Gardner Averylun, Aug. 31, 1798, 

aged 23. 

Hulda, wife of John Bryan, Nov. 23, 1808, aged 40. 
Ann, wife of Thomas Boyd, Nov. 26th, 1831, aged 35. 
William Boyd, April 24, 1840, aged 65. 
Mrs. Fanny Bulmore, May 13, 1834, aged 85. 
Stanton Brown. June 6th, 1814, aged 40. 
Tabitha, wife of Edward Brown, Sept. 28th, 1815, aged 44. 
Edward Brown, Aug. 29th, 1846, aged 75. 
John Brown, Feb. 5, 1799, aged 55. 
Margaret, wife of John Brown, June 22, 1801, aged 51. 
George Brown, 10th July, 1848, aged 37. 
Elizabeth, wife of Sylvester Brown, Aug. 8, 1838, aged 50. 
Jeannette, wife of Wm. H. Barker, 8th May, 1842, aged 28. 
James Barclay, Nov. 1, 1814, aged 61. 
Janet Barclay, relict of James Barclay, May 16, 1818, a. 61. 
Nathaniel Bunnell, Aug. 6, 1816, aged 43. 
Capt. Abram Burbank, April 12, 1838, aged 59. 
Wm. Blackall, March 24, 1840, aged 72. 
Frances, wife of Wm. Blackall, Dec. 24, 1810. 
James Bloodgood, May 4, 1799, aged 64. 
Lydia Bloodgood, relict of James Bloodgood, January 8th, 

18 11, aged 77. 

Wm. Bloodgood, June 29, 1801, aged 41. 
James Bloodgood, Nov. 4, 1806, aged 35. 
Abraham Bloodgood, Feb. 17, 1807, aged 65. 
Eliza, wife of Francis Bloodgood, Nov. 13, 1818, aged 50, 
Francis Bloodgood, March 5, 1840, aged 71. 
James Cobham Bloodgood, 24th March, 1820, aged 26. 
Benjamin S. Morris, son of Mrs. Francis Bloodgood, 28th 

Jan., 1840, aged 34. 
Josiah Burton, Jan. 1, 1803, aged 61. 
Agnes Bratt, relict of Derrick Bratt, May 121815, aged 43. 
Henry Bradt, May 15, 1838, aged 39. 
Peter V. Bradt, Sept. 10, 1844, aged 46. 
Ann Cobham, only sister of Elizabeth Bloodgood, (wife of 

Francis Bloodgood) 3d Feb., 1813, aged 38. 
Jesse C. Cook, July 7, 1810, aged 32. 
John Cook, April 15, 1818, aged 43. 
Lancing Cande, Dec. 6, 1805. 



Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 231 

Cornelia Tappen Clinton, daughter of Gen. George Clinton, 
and wife of Edward C. Genet, 23 March, 1810, aged 34. 

Under this humble Stone 

is Interred the Remains 

of 

CORNELIA TAPPEN CLINTON, 

wife of 

EDWARD C. GENET, 

Late Adjutant General 

and Minister Plenipotentiary 

from the French Republic 
to the United States of America; 

and Daughter of 

General George Clinton, 

Vice Presi-.lent of the United States. 

She was born at Bloorn inghope, 

near New Windsor, 

the 29th June, 1774, 

and died of consumption, 

in the town of Green bush, 

the 23d of March, 1810, 
in the 35th year of her age. 
Honest, faithful and sincere, she cheerfully 
retired with the man who had won her hand, 
from the agitated scene of the world, to the * 
shades of a peaceful solitude, which she had 
embellished during sixteen years by all the 
chan:s of a lively, enlightened and cultivated 
mind, and of a heart devoted to Virtue. Her 
last moments, sweetened by the blessings of 
. Faith, have been, like her life, an example 
of Fortitude and true Christian Philosophy. 

Archibald Campbell, surveyor, April 24, 1793, aged 57. 

William Campbell, May 16, 1796. 27, 

Wm. Campbell, Sept. 13, 1831, aged 59. 

Christina Campbell, wife of Archibald Campbell, died May 

9, 1790, aged 45. 

James Cooper, July 2, 1829, aged 55. 
Andrew Cooper, December 30, 1318, aged 37. 
Smith Cogswell, March 5, 1844 aged 72. 
Clara, wife of George H. Cogswell, Sept. 5, 1849, aged 31. 
George Charles of Gloucestershire, England, Aug. 25, 

1818, aged 49. 
Henrietta, wife of George Charles, June 24, 1825, aged 26. 



232 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

William Capron, Aug. 1, 1823, aged 61. 

John Carson, March 6, 1795, aged 41. 

Sarah, wife of John Carson, 6th Nov. 1838, aged 19 years. 

Freeman H. Crosby, 20th Jan., 1834, aged 44. 

Louisa, daughter of Chas. and Tempe Carmichael, Norris- 
town, N. J., Sept. 23d, 1831, aged 28. 

Samuel S. Connor, Dec. 25, 1819, aged 33. 

Andrew Caswell, of Downs, Ireland, Dec. 17,1833, aged 41. 

James Chesney, March 17, 1828, aged 31. 

Elenor, wife of James Chesney, June 9, 1832, aged 30. 

Henry Coughtry, Jan. 27, 1845, aged 62. 

Elizabeth, wife of Elisha Dorr, Sept. 19, 1837, aged 60. 

Eleanor, wife of Isaac Denniston. Sep. 21, aged 21. 

Margaret Denniston, daughter of Isaac and Eleanor Den- 
niston, 23d July, 1823, aged 29. 

Abraham Denniston, Oct. 17, 1821, aged 23. 

Mary Donnelly, wife of James Denniston, June 9th, 1844, 
in her 52d year. 

Eve, relict of Dr. Benj. De Witt, 21st May, 1832, aged 55. 

Cornelius Griswold, 2d son of Elisha and Elizabeth Dorr, 
Sept. 17, 1828, aged 29. 

Mary C. Mildeberger, wife of Alfred Dorr, died Dec. 18, 
1836, aged 34. 

Thomas Smith Diamond, died July 18., 1796, aged 59. 

Mary Diamond, relict of T. S. D., Dec. 16, 1817, aged 79. 

Charles A. Dean, 5th March, 1828, aged 21. 

Jane Donnelly, April 4, 1842, aged 79. 

John Dunn, May 26, 1809, aged 29. 

Margaret McCardle, w. of Dennis Doyle, June 9, 1843. a. 65. 

Polly Davis of Watertown, Conn., died 1809. aged 22. 

Asa Edgerton, of Randolph. Vt., Oct. 11, 1815, aged 36. 

Abraham Eights, January 10, 1820, aged 74. 

John Easton, Aug. 24, 1799, aged 60. 

John Easton, May 8, 1828, aged 23. 

Martin Easterly, Dec. 14, 1836, aged 46. 

Elisabeth Egberts, wife of Cornelius Egberts, March 18, 
1830, aged 24 years. 

Jane Edgar, wife of David Edgar, Sept. 4, 1800, aged 77. 

Ebenezer E. Elsebrough, Jan. 18, 1813, aged 35. 

Mary Morev ,wife of Jesse Everett, June 5, 1808, aged 28. 



Presbyterian Burial Ground, Inscriptions. 233 

Reuben Fuller, June 18, 1841, aged 72. [aged 57. 

Maj. George Fiske, of Ciaremont, N. H., March 4, 1837, 

Susan, wife of Geo. Fiske, March 23, 1842, aged 58. 

Edward Fay, of Westborough, Mass, Aug. 12, 1832, aged 41. 

Asa Fassett, Nov. 28, 1823, aged 71. 

Sister Mary (Falconer), Dec. 3d, 1845, aged 20. 

Mary, consort of Dr. Win. Forman, June 6, 1805, aged 58. 

Charles Fifield, Sept. 1, 1849, aged 28. 

Jane K. Fitch, Sept. 23d, 1849, aged 55. 

John Gordon, April 16, 1816, aged 42. 

Horace Goodrich, Feb. 16, 1816, aged 27. 

John Given. 

Sally Ransom, wife of Samuel Griffing, Nov. 7, 1821, aged 
57, (late of Lyme, Conn.) 

Maria, wife of John Griffin, August 14, 1834, aged 42. 

Amos Gay, May 8, 1835, aged 56. 

William A. Gay, Oct. 4th, 1836, aged 29 

Heriery Gay, Oct. 19th, 1831, aged 21. 

Almira Gay, Oct. 25th, 1831, aged 53. 

Martha, da. of James and Mary Grier, March 4, 1836, a. 38. 

Marion, wife of Joseph Gibson, and daughter of W. andE. 
Campbell, April 13, 1847. aged 33. 

Jennet, daughter of John and Janet Barber, wife of Archi- 
bald Gourlay of Orange county, May 6th, 1827, aged 40. 

Sarah Visscher Denniston, wife of James Gourlay jr., 26th 
Aug., 1828, aged 20 years. 

Salome Gray, Dec. 24, 1821, aged 55. 

John Gray. Oct. 15, 1815, aged 49. 

Theodore" Van Wyck Graham, July 6, 1822, aged 63. 

Magdalena, relict of Theodorus Van Wyck Graham, 13th 
March, 1843, aged 76. 

Grizel Gillespie, died 7th Feb., 1815, aged 48. 

Samuel Hannah, April 25, 1809, aged 71. 

Agnes Hannah, July 19. 1838, aged 92. 

Isaac Hand, Nov. 12, 1810, aged 38, 

Lois, wife of Nathan Hand, Feb. 17, 1813, aged 44. 

Daniel Hewson, Dec. 27, 1821, aged 59. 

Elizabeth Hewson, July 19, 1814, aged 49. 

Edmund Hatfield, June 2, 1815, aged 44. 

Wm. Harrison. January 8, 1825, aged 36. 

Flora, wife of George Hanse, Sept. 20, 1833, aged 25. 



234 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

James Hodge, who was born in New Windsor, Orange Co., 

N. Y. ? Jan. 10, 1819, aged 58. 

Sarah wife of James Hodge, Feb. 20, 1804, aged 37. 
Jane wife of Isaac Hodge, Sept. 27, 1798, aged 63. 
Martha Hoffman, March 38, , aged 34. 

Andrew Hoffman, 1806, aged 32. 
Martha widow of Andrew Hoffman, 1843, aged 68. 
William Henry, Oct. 20, 1821. aged 47. 
Ann Alexander wife of Wm. Henry, April 4, 1835, a. 74. 
Silas W. Howell, Sept. 28, 1805, aged 35. 
Joseph Husted, 27th April, 1813, aged 41. 
Catherine Louisa, daughter of Isaac Hamiltone, Esq., and 

Catherine his wife, 9th May, 1831, aged 25. 
Mrs. Elisabeth Herring. Oct, 24, 1819, aged 72. 
Mary, relict of Arthur Haswell, Oct. 10, 1827, aged 67. 
Mary Haswell, Sept. 23, 1811, aged 26. 
Jane Haswell, Feb. 15, 1809, aged 20. 
Ann, wife of Spelman Hickcox, Oct. 17th, 1843, aged 48. 
Ann Maria, wife of William M. F. Hewson, and daughter 

of David and Dorcas Olmsted, 29th March, 1833, aged 24. 
Asenath, wife of Henry Hoyt, and daughter of Edward 

and Tabitha Brown, March 16th, 1834, aged 32. 
Livingston Ludlow, son of Jas. and Catherine Humphrey, 

Feb. 12, 1848, aged 23. 
John Humphrey, Aug. 26, 1832, aged 81. 
James Humphrey. Dec. 25, 1829, aged 36. 
Doctor William Humphrey, 12th March, 1826, aged 30. 
Robert Humphrey, 30th May, 1821, aged 31 years. 
Martha Humphrey, 6th April, 1807, aged 22. 
Christian wife of John Humphrey, Dec. 12, 1838, aged 78. 
S. V. R. Humphrey, 18th June, 1844, aged 44. 
Dolly, wife of Samuel Holmes, August 1st, 1831, aged 40. 
Thomas B. Heermans, April, 1830, aged 33. 
Daniel Houston, 20th Oct. 1829, aged 21, late of N. H. 
Mary Sherman, wife of Joseph Ives, Oct. 7, 1834, aged 72. 
Joseph Sherman Ives, 19th March, 1841, aged 54. 
Mary Jones, of Hartford Ct., March 13, 1823, aged 48. 
Hannah, wife of David Jenkins. Dec. 20, 1817, aged 49. 
Sarah Jenkins, daughter of David and Hannah Jenkins, 

llth Nov., 1823, aged 24. 
David Jenkins, Feb. 1, 1827, aged 57. 






Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 235 

Jenkin Jenkins, March 31, 1830, aged 35. 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. James, June 9, 1797, aged 22. 

William James, a native of Ireland, Dec. 19, 1832, aged 63. 

Aaron James, 7th Nov., 1824, aged 29. 

Amasa Judson, May 4, 1822, aged 29. 

Lydia, wife of Nathaniel Judson, Feb. 1, 1817, aged 59. 

Nathaniel Judson, Oct. 17, 1838, aged 85. 

Harriet S., wife of Ichabod L. Judson, and daughter of 

Isaac and Isabel Wilkinson, Oct. 25, 1825, aged 23. 
John P. Jermain. son of Sylvanus and Catherine Jermain, 

March 10, 1835, aged 23. 

Catherine, wife of S. P. Jermain, Jan. 24, 1810, aged 27. 
Sybel Kane, wife of John Kane, July 18, 1806, aged 67. 
John Kane, March 15, 1808, aged 75. 




The Kane Monuments. 
James Kane, April 2, 1851, aged 80. 

The grave of the latter is at the left side of those of his parents, 
without a monument, as he desired; his friends however intend to 
erect one. 



236 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Janet Kelly, spouse of Robert Kelly, July 22, 1796, a. 66. 
Ellen, wife of James King, April 19, 1823, aged 23. 
Hubbel Knapp, Jan. 22, 1832, aged 31. 
George Sidney Knower, son of George and Ann Knower, 

April 1st, 1837, aged 20. 
Mary, wife of Dr. Hazael Kane, 12th Dec., 1838, aged 34 

years, daughter of John and Christian Humphrey. 
Marshall Kelso, March, 1829, aged about 37. 
Oliver L. Ker, Oct. 21, 1796, aged 30. 
Henry Lyons, Oct. 13, 1805, aged 38. 
Henry L. Lord, of Norwich, Ct., May 27, 1825, aged 23. 
Doct. Enoch Leonard, Dec. 12, 1810, aged 55. 
Reuben Leonard, March 18, 1811, aged 22. 
Cornelius V. V. Leonard, son of Enoch Leonard, Jan. 7, 

1837, aged 45. 
Richard Leonard, son of Enoch Leonard, 5th Feb., 1837, 

aged 37. 

Elihu Lewis, Oct 14, 1829, aged 50. 
Esther Wolcott, da. of Elihu Lewis, May 20, 1818, aged 19. 
Chauncey Loomis, April 6, 1817, aged 34. 
Anna Loomis, formerly of Hartford. Conn., wife of Geo. 

Loomis, 14th Feb. 1831, aged 78. 

George Loomis, of East Windsor, Ct., May 23, 1841, a. 79. 
John Lightbody, Nov. 22, 1834, aged 87. 
Prudence B. Lockwood, widow of Horace Lockwood, 

Aug. 27, 1816, aged 31. 
Catherine Lloyd, daughter of Peleg Sharp, Feb. 28, 1802, 

aged 31. 
Mrs. Deborah Lathrop, relict of Ebenezer Lathrop, 29th 

March, 1814, aged 67. 
Wm. McClement, son of Robert and Marron, June 30, 

1795, aged 27. 

Alexander B. McDonal, Nov. 14, 1842, aged 30, 
Wm. McClelland, January 29, 1812, aged 44. 
Ann McClelland, April 21, 1813, aged 39. 
Kitty McMurdy, wife of Anthony McMurdy, sen., April 

26, 1814, aged 31. 
John McPherson, of Scotland, at Duanesburgh, N. Y., July 

5, 1822, aged 59. 
Wm. McDonald, March 28, 1827, aged 30. 



Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 237 

Anthony McMurdy, March 23, 1810, aged 48. 
Alexander McCandJish, May 20, 1807, aged 9. 
Jean Alexander wife of Hathorn McCulloch, Oct. 17, 

1803, aged 40. 
James Mcllwaine, died May 14, 1832, aged 66, native of 

Belfast, Ireland. 
Hanah Walter, wife of Capt. McCready, May 28, 1807, 

aged 55. 
James McGourk, a native of Ireland, died Nov. 24. 1804, 

aged 52. 
Frances Stubbs, wife of Donald McDonald, born in the 

village of Bray, near Windsor, England, died June 5, 

1815, aged 47. . 
Eleanor McConnel. wife of Robert McConnel, Aug. 28th, 

1825, aged 34. 
William Marchael McGlachen, a native of Scotland, 21st 

Feb., 1850, aged 31. 
Mary Anna, wife of Linus McCabe, March 4, 1838, aged 

22. 
Mary Mascraft, wife of William Mascraft, 3d April, 1818, 

aged 32. 
Henry, son of Jonas and Sarah Morgan, 14th April. 1813, 

aged 21. 

David Maynard, Aug. 14. 1834, aged 32. 
Lovina Gray, wife of William Martin, April 17, 1818, 

aged 24. 
Mary Gray, da. of John Gray, and wife of Wm. Martin, 

died March 27, 1835, aged 36. 
Elisabeth, wife of James Murray, March 17, 1825, in her 

61st year. 

Ebenezer Moody, Feb. 15, 1813, aged 37. 
Henry Norton, Feb. 15. 1845, aged 26 years. 
George Newton, Nov. 20. 1811, aged 26. 
Sally Nott, consort of Eliphalet Nott, Minister of the 

Presbyterian Church, Albany, and daughter of Rev. Joel 

Benedict, died 9 March, 1804, aged 29 years 6 mo. 
Elizabeth Neill, wife of Rev. Wm. Neill, Minister of the 

Presbyterian Church Albany, and daughter of Matthew 

and Lydia Van Dyke, died 12 Nov. 1809, aged 26 y., 

10 m, 19 d. 



238 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

David Olmsted, a native of Ridgefield, Ct., May 31, 1842, 

aged 72. 

Dorcas, wife of David Olmsted, May 27, 1842, aged 71. 
Anna Johnson, wife of Charles Olmstead, July 4th, 1842, 

aged 40. 

Thomas, son of Joseph Otis and Mary his wife, of Barn- 
stable, Mass., Aug. 15, 1803, aged 27, 
Elisabeth Orr, consort of Hugh Orr, 10th July, 1830, 

aged 84 years. 

Gerret Van Zandt Platt, M. D., May 17, 1833, aged 24. 
Sarah, wife of Chas. Z. Platt, Aug. 6, 1832, aged 47. 
Chas. Z. Platt, April 14, 1822, aged 49, 
John Platt, Sep. 18, 1828, aged 60. 
Ananias Platt, 10th April, 1842, aged 80. 
Lydia Jacobs, wife of Ananias Platt, Sep. 24, 1847, aged 81. 
Aaron Fennel, son of Wm. Pennel, Delaware county, Pa., 

Oct. 28, 1794. 

Phelps, May 6, 1786, aged 60. 

Wm. Purviss, March 5, 1805, aged 55. 

William Perviss, April 18, 1834, aged 28. 

Hannah C.. da. of Asa Priest, Jai*. 29, 1850, aged 20. 

Mrs. Mary Price, Sept. 22, 1818, aged 67. 

Jane Philpot, wife of Spencer Philpot, 1st March, 1806, 

aged 31. 
Spencer Philpot, of Ireland, at Johnstown, N. Y., Sep. 24, 

1807, aged 42. 
Ann H. Palmer, wife of Levi H. Palmer, 22d May, 1849, 

aged 69. 

Jennet, wife of Joseph Palmer, Aug. 14, 1803, aged 48. 
Jesse Potts, Dec. 21st., 1811, aged 37 years. 
Harriet Stow, wife of Rufus Putnam, June 3d, 1815, aged 

18 years. 

Richard Patterson, January 1, 1818, aged 45. 
Isaac Packard, March 3, 1792, aged 57. 
Eunice wife of Isaac Packard, Nov. 1824, aged 80. 
Robert Packard, July 15, 1840, aged 65. 
Wm. Pricchard, of Herefordshire, England, April 22, 1821, 

aged 50. 
David Prentice, of Lanarkshire, Scotland, Aug. 24, 1826, 

aged 45. 



Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 239 

John Perkins, June 19, 1814, aged 30. 

Samuel Richards, Aug. 2, 1804, aged 27. 

Mrs. Rachel Reynolds, Nov. 10, 1815, aged 73. 

Rev. Evan Roberts, of Steuben, Oneida Co., N. Y., sup- 
posed to have been assassinated, Sep. 10, 1836, aged 46. 

James E., son of John Robison, 9th Dec., 1806, aged 20. 

William Robison, son of Gertrude and John Robison, June 
21, 1825, aged 45. 

Maria Julia Robison. wife of William Robison, and daugh- 
ter of Commodore Alex. Grant, Jan. 9th, 1824, aged 28. 

David Robison, son of John and Gertrude Robison, Oct. 
21st, 1822, aged 58. 

Gertrude, wife of John Robison, Aug. 1, 1825, aged 74. 

John Robinson, August 22, 1827, aged 87. 

John B. Robison, only son of Joseph and Sarah Robison, 
Feb, 10, 1831, aged 25. 

Sarah, wife of Joseph Robison, Feb. 20, 1837, aged 52. 

Maria, wife of Thomas Roraback, Sept. 3, 1830, aged 34. 

Benjamin F. Russell, Feb. 28, 1831, aged 22. 

Elisabeth, wife of Stephen J. Rider, Feb. 11, 1831, aged 42. 

Archibald Rutherford, Dec. 30, 1794, aged 78. 

Eliza Ann, da. of Joseph A. Rust, of Chester, Mass., died 
Nov. 7, 1836, aged 20. 

Orpha, wife of Seldon Strickland, Dec. 2, 1841, aged 52. 

Sarah Steele, relict of Timothy Steele, of Hartford, Conn., 
27th Dec., 1808, aged 68. 

Mary Augusta, wife of Oliver Steele, daughter of Moncrief 
Livingston, March llth, 1839, aged 38. 

Daniel Steele, July 7, 1828, aged 56. 

Elisabeth, wife of Daniel Steele, March 17, 1825, aged 48. 

Elijah Steele, April 18, 1818, aged 54. 

Stephen Sanford, Aug. 14, 1824, aged 56. 

John Shepherd, March 10, 1797, aged 48. 

Elisabeth Shepherd, widow of John Shepherd, Sept. 1, 
1797, aged 49. 

Loring Simons, Nov. 15, 1809, aged 31. 

Guy Shaw, Sep. 22, 1834, aged 46. [aged 40. 

Josephus B. Stuart, of Blandford, Mass., Jan. 27, 1828, 

John Smith, September 12, 1824, aged 55. 

Robert Scott, Oct. 21, 1803, aged 33. 



240 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Jonah Shuman, July 17, 1832, aged 62. 

Peter Sharp, May 23, 1813, aged 78. 

Mary Sharp, April 19, 1821, aged 75. 

Mary, widow of John Stewart, Nov, 7, 1837, aged 84. 

Cornelia Dodge, wife of S. H. Stewart, Dec. 11, 1835. a. 24. 

Jerusha Stoddard, wife of Adam Steward, Jan. 7th, 1813, 

aged 22. 

Laura, wife of Ambrose Spencer, May 18, 1807, aged 39. 
Mary, wife of Ambrose Spencer, daughter of Gen. James 

Clinton, Sep. 4, 1808, aged 36. 

Catharine C., wife of Ambrose Spencer, Aug. 20, 1837, a. 58. 
Gilbert and Andrew Shanklen, two brothers, natives of 

Ireland, Gilbert died 28th April, 1791, aged 64, Andrew 

llth Nov., 1799, aged 78. 
Martha Henry Sturges, wife of Robert Swain, died Jan. 3, 

1830, aged 34. 

Sarah Sturges, Dec. 1, 1807, aged 52. [aged 32. 

Christiana Mary, wife of Horace St John, Jan. 22, 1849, 
Margaret Denniston, wife of John Stafford, March 16, 1790, 

aged 30. [55. 

Rebecca, relict of Cornelius Swart, jr., Jan. 21, 1825, aged 
Hannibel Stoddard, son of Reuben & Jerusha Stoddard, 

May, 1813, aged 18 years. 
Josiah Sherman, 17th July, 1 832, aged 62. 
Roger Minot Sherman, 2d July, 1825, in his 20th year. 
Catherine Eliza, wife of Geo. Traver, Aug. 22, 1831, a. 19. 
Lucy, wife of Amos Thayer, Oct. 23, 18i7, aged 54. 
Mrs. Elisabeth Thorn, Nov. 15, 1819, aged 53. 
Isaiah Townsend, son of Henry, Feb. 17, 1838, aged 61. 
Susan, wife of Isaiah Townsend, and daughter of J. 

Robison, Oct. 29, 1808, aged 27. 
John Robison Townsend, June 28, 1831, aged 26. 
Peter Townsend, son of Henry, Dec. 15, 1825, aged 33. 
Solomon Townsend, March 27, 1811, aged 64. 
William Thomson, July 24, 1797, aged 32. 
David Thomas, a native of Brecknockshire, South Wales, 

died Dec. 24, 1848, aged 61. 
Lydia, wife of Ebenezer Thornton, and da. of Ephraim 

Whipple, Oct. 26, 1813, aged 29. 
Mary Walker, wife of David Tully, April 1, 1802, a. 46. 



Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 241 

Jonathan TilJyou. Feb. 9, 1837, aged 54. 

Barent Ten Eyck, January 31, 1796, aged 30. 

Catharine Campbell wife of Benjamin Van Benthuisen, 
Jan. 18, 1804, aged 21. 

Mrs. Margaret Van Alstine. March 3, 1824, aged 65. 

Anna Varick, Nov. 3, 1839, aged 75. 

Sarah Adeline Williams, died July 28, 1826, aged 22 years, 
formerly of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Israel Williams, April 2(i. 1840, aged 54. 

Mrs. Mary White, a native of Isleworth, England, July 
25th, 1833, aged 69. 

Charles E. Whitney, Nov. 29, 1844, aged 24. 

Betsey, wife of Selt-ck Whitney, Feb. 14, 1820, aged 36. 

David Watters, Feb/26, 1810, aged 50. 

David W T atters, son of David and Elisabeth Watters, Oct. 
7th. 1825, aged 24. 

Hugh Watters, son of D. and E.. Oct. 31, 1822, aged 24. 

Elisabeth Watters. Jan. 31st, 1849, aged 64. 

Levi Wait. Dec. 22, 1825. aged 43. 

Minerva, wife of George Wait, died Nov. 19. 1840, aged 24. 

John M. Watson, died 2d June, 1795, aged 31. 

John R. Winans, 7th Feb.. IK 10, aged 25. 

Ann Waud. da of John Moore, and consort of Marmaduke 
Waud, Feb. 15, 1810, aged 26. 

Mary, late wife of Austin Warner. July 3, 1806. aged 33. 

Mary, wife of Smith Weed, 10th May, 1819, aged 64. 

Smith Weed. July II, 1839. aged 84. 

Mary Weed, da cf Smith W T eed, Sept. 14, 1811, aged 25. 

David Woodin. of Kingsborough, Aug. 8. 1805, aged 28. 

Olive, wife of Calvin Walker, 20th April, 1815, aged 37. 

Eliza A. H. Robertson, daughter of John and Nancy Wood- 
worth, April 10, 1831, aged 33. 

Richard Whteler, Sep. 5, 1824. aged 49. 

Doct. Hunloke Woodruff. July 4, 1811, aged 56. 

Doct. Elias Willard. March 20, 1827, aged 71. 

Oliver, son of Capt. E. Warner, of New Milford, Ct., June 
4. 1796. aged 21. 

William Watson. April 6, 1799, aged 25. 

James Wynans, of Poughkeepsie, Aug. 25, 1803, aged 61. 

William Woods, Sept. 20, 1799, aged 66. 
1 



242 Presbyterian Burial Ground Inscriptions. 
Charles R. Webster, July 18, 1834, aged 72. 




Charles R. Webster's Monument. 
The stone on the left of the monument has the following inscription. 

SACRED 

to the memory of 

RACHEL WEBSTER 

wife of Charles R. Webster, Printer 

who departed this life 
on the 31st day of March, 1794 

aged 30 years and 10 months 
in death lamented as in life beloved 

Rachel their infant daughter died in Oct. 1789, aged 15 days 
Benjamin, died 31st Aug. 1800, aged 1 yr 4 m 6 d. 

Lucy, died 24th Dec. 1802, aged 8 months 

Benjamin and Lucy, children of C. R. and Cynthia Webster 

little children he took into his arms and blessed them 

Benjamin died Sept. 11, 1808, in his 2d year 

Edward died Nov. 9, 1809, aged 4 months 



IN MEMORY OF THEIR PARENTS, 



Matthew Webster, 
Mabel Webster 
Ashbel Sleel 
Rachel Steel 

Samuel Webster 
Ashbel Steel, jr. 



Time of their decease. 
Feb. 9, 1807 
May5, 1813 
July 8, 1790 
May 21, 1804 
and of their brothers 
May 9, 1813 
Nov. 1, 1793 



Age 

88th year 
89th year 
59th year 
66th year 

64th year 
21st year 



Population of Albany, 1714. 



243 



A LIST OF THE INHABITANTS AND SLAVES 

IN THE CITY AND COUNTY OF ALBANY, 1714. 





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3 ) 


3 11 


3 M 




3 *-> 


3 W 


s 


3 w 


3 > 




*< 


^ 


* 


2 


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fc 






^ 


^ 


In ye first ward of 
















x 






ye city of Al- 
























3 


102 


117 


4 


122 


104 


9 


14 


22 


13 


In ye second 






















ward, 


4 


75 


54 


7 


81 


61 


3 


5 


12 


4 


In ye third ward, 


10 


62 


68 


6 


82 


61 


6 


10 


6 


9 


In ye township of 






















Schinectady, . . 


12 


1,0 


154 


13 


107 


151 


7 


10 


19 


8 


In ye East West 






















side of ye Man- 






















nor of Rense- 






















laerwyck 


11 


112 


123 


5 


93 


83 


73 


41 


36 


31 


In Claverack, . . . 


1 


52 


54 


1 


38 


51 


10 


2 


5 


2 


In ye township ol 
Kinderhoek, . . 


y- 


75 


83 


6 


57 


67 


12 


6 


7 


7 


Coxhackhie ye 






















north part ol 






















ye Mannor of 






















Livingston,. . . 


6 


48 


52 


2 


53 


28 


26 


10 


11 


6 


In ye precinct of 






















Canastagione, . 


1 


26 


25 


2 


24 


26 


4 





1 


1 


In ye precinct o; 






















ye halfmoon, . . 


I 


26 


23 


3 


19 


19 


<3 





3 


2 




54 


688 


753 


49 


676 


651 


155 


98 


122 


83 






54 






















742 



















ToTaT 



3329 



-( 244 ) 



TRINITY CHURCH. 

A Brief History of the Parish from its Organization. Sept. 
4th, 1839, to the Consecration of the Church Edifice in 
Broad Street on the tenth day of September. 1849. by the 
Jit. Rev. Bishop Whittingham, Bishop of the Diccese of 
Maryland, acting by request of the Standing Committee 
of the Diocese of Aew York. A period of ten years and 
Jive days. 

Before proceeding to give the direct history of the or- 
ganization of the parish of Trinity Church, it may be well 
to note, that from the time of planting the church in the 
city of Albany, early in the eighteenth century, by a socie- 
ty incorporated in England under King William the Se- 
cond, A. D.. 1701, for^the "Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts. "until Nov.. 1827, there was but one parish 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the city of Albany, 
which in common parlance was called the English Church, 
and now more generally known as the parish of St. Peter's 
Church, worshiping in an edifice standing on the north 
side of State street. 

During the summer of 1827 a congregation worshiping 
God agreeably to the forms of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States of America, was assembled 
in the south district of the city, in a school room on 
South Pearl street by the Rev. Richard Bury, and on the 
12th day of November, 1827. the male members of said 
congregation assembled in said school room according to 
legal notice ; when divine service having been performed 
by the Rev. Richard Bury, the members of the congrega- 
tion present, with the Rev. Mr. Bury as chairman, pro- 
ceeded to elect two wardens and eight vestrymen prepara- 
tory to their incorporation as a parish, and the following 
named gentlemen were elected the first officers of the 
parish: Edward A. Le Breton, senior warden; Thomas 
Knowlson, junior warden; Barent P. Staats, Charles Sker- 



Trinity Church. 245 

ritt, John Le Breton, Hezekiah Wells, Bristol Fox, Agur 
Wells, John Nelliger John W. McDougal, vestrymen; who 
proceeded to incorporate themselves as a parish, to be 
ever after known by the name, or title of St. Paul's 
Church or Congregation in the City of Albany. 

Having become incorporated by the above title and thus 
forming the second parish in the city of Albany, on the 
28th of November, 1827, the wardens and vestrymen ap- 
pointed a committee to purchase as a site for a church 
edifice, two lots on the north west corner of Ferry and 
Dallius streets, for the sum of $2500; and on the 15th of 
June, 1828, they directed said committee to purchase an 
adjoining lot at the price of $500. Previous to the pur- 
chase of the last lot, a building committee was appointed, 
who on the 14th of May, 1828, accepted the proposal of 
Henry Peeres to build a church edifice on said lots for the 
sum of $ 12.550 ; and on the 1 1 th day of June, 1828, the Rt. 
Rev. Bp. Hobart laid the corner stone of the proposed 
building, which was to be constructed agreeably to a plan 
drawn by Philip Hooker, of Albany, architect, of the 
Gothic order of architecture, and to be 56 by 85 feet, the 
walls to be built of rough blue stone, &c. 

The church was accordingly built and consecrated by 
the Rt. Rev. Bp. Hobart, on the 24th day of July, 1829. 
Rev. Richard Bury being the rector, and was occupied by 
the congregation until the year 1839, during which time 
the following named gentlemen were successively rectors 
of the parish, viz : Rev. Richard Bury from the organi- 
zation of the parish in the year 1827 to March 22, 
1830. Rev. William Linn Keesefrom 1830 to Nov. 1833. 
Rev. J. H. Price, from Jan'y 1834 to May 27, 1837. Rev. 
William I. Kip accepted a call as rector, June 13, 1837, 
and is still rector of the parish now in the year 1851. 

In the year J839. on the 24th of January, the Rev. Wm. 
I. Kip being rector, Messrs. Wm. H. Dewitt and Hezekiah 
Wells, wardens, and Messrs Peter P. S:aats, Simeon Dewitt 
Bloodgood. Henry T. Meech, Robert L. Noyes, Homer R. 
Phelps, Sylvester Reed, Harmon Pease, William Winne, 
vestrymen, it was resolved in vestry meeting to be "expe- 
dient to sell Saint Paul's church," &c., for a sum "not less 



246 Trinity Church. 

than $15.500 including the organ," and that a committee 
be appointed and authorized to obtain the refusal of the 
Theatre in South Pearl street, and engage H. Rector, archi- 
tect, to draw plans and estimate the expenses of alterations 
necessary to convert the Theatre into a Church. Agree- 
ably to the above proceedings the Church was sold to the 
Romanists on the 4th of Feb., 1839, for the sum of $15,500 
including the organ ; and on the 20th of Feb., 1839, a com- 
mittee was authorized to close the contract for the pur- 
chase of the Theatre before the first of March following, 
which was done, the plans of Mr. Rector for alterations 
were adopted, and the proposals of Mr. Sutton to do the 
carpenter work for the sum of $9,300 was accepted, and 
the work done accordingly ; when, in due time the congre- 
gation of St. Paul's Church, previously worshiping in the 
Church thus sold to the Romanists, removed to their new 
Church in South Pearl street above Hudson. The Church 
scld is now known as St. John's Church. 

The sale of the Church in Ferry street and the removal 
of St. Paul's congregation up town, seems to have been 
the moving cause, that prompted certain persons who had 
been members of that parish, to organize a third parish in 
the city of Albany, in order to provide a place of worship 
in that portion of the city from which St. Paul's parish 
had removed. 

Whereupon in the summer of 1839, a few Episcopalians 
leased a building on the south side of Westerlo street be- 
tween Dallius and Church streets, known as the Came- 
ronian Church, (which was destroyed by fire in the year 
1848), and engaged the Rev. Isaac Swart of Troy, to 
officiate as their pastor, and on the 4th of Sept., 1839, 
the male members of the parish, entitled by law to elect 
wardens and vestrymen, were convened according to the 
requirements of the statute of the state, when morning 
prayer having been said by the Rev. Mr. Swart, they 
proceeded to the choice of officers, when Messrs. S . Reed 
and Homer R. Phelps were elected wardens, and Messrs. 
Crawford Livingston, Sidney Guest, A. Southwick, Lewis 
Brothers, Edward Bateman, Edward Owens, Seth Jarvis, 
and John Kerr, vestrymen. 



Trinity Church. 247 

The officers thus elected fixed upon Tuesday in Easter 
week as the day on which their successors should be 
chosen; and chose as the corporate name The Rector, 
Churchwardens and Vestrymen of Trinity Church in the 
City of Albany ; and secured the act of incorporation by 
the above title, and thus organized the third parish of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the city of Albany. 

On the llth of Sept., 1839, the board of vestry met and 
resolved, "that the Rev. Mr. Swart be invited forthwith 
to become their rector." When the Rev. Mr. Swart being 
called upon signified his acceptance of the invitation, and 
became the first rector of Trinity Church, where he con- 
tinued to labor until the 7th of January, 1840, when he 
tendered his resignation to the vestry, which they accept- 
ed on the 9th inst. The parish being thus early left with- 
out a rector, it enjoyed only such services as could be 
obtained from Sunday to Sunday, of the neighboring clergy 
for nearly ten months : when on the first of October, 1840, 
the Rev. Mr. Dowdney of Athens, accepted a call to take 
charge of the parish as its rector. The parish having 
been left so long without a rector in its earliest infancy, 
being at first but few in number, could not be expected 
to have gained much strength. It is, therefore, not strange 
that in the spring of 1841, finding themselves unable to 
pay the rent for the building in which they worshiped, 
they were obliged to suffer their organ, cushions, books, 
stoves, and fixtures to be legally seized and sold. 

Being thus cast down, but not destroyed, the congrega- 
tion obtained as their next place of worship a room in 
the District School House on the corner of Dallius and 
Ferry streets, and while worshiping there the vestry re- 
ceived a communication from the Rev. William I. Kip, rec- 
tor of St. Paul's parish in the city of Albany, proposing 
to them to become a missionary parish, and as such to be 
aided by the other parishes in the city, which proposition 
was not accepted, and the congregation continued to labor 
on as an independent parish. 

The next effort was to obtain some permanent place to 
worship; and to this end during the summer of 1841, a 
lease was obtained from the heirs of the estate of Richard 



248 Trinity Church. 

Ray, late of New York, of a plot of ground some 60 by 70 
feet on the south east corner of Herkimer and Franklin 
streets, on which to erect a church edifice, and although 
the minutes of the vestry do not show any proceedings in 
relation to leasing the ground, or erecting the building, 
yet I am informed by gentlemen who were vestrymen at the 
time, that during the summer of 1841, Mr. John Bradt, 
was employed to draw plans, &c., for an edifice to be built 
of wood, of the Grecian order, and that Mr. Wm. Chambers 
was contracted with to do the carpenter work of said 
building for the sum of $ 1440. That after the building 
had been commenced, and during the fall of 1841, the Rev. 
Mr. Dowdney tendered his resignation as rector of the 
parish, leaving it to get on as best it could. From this 
time until June, 1842, the parish was without a rector or 
place of worship, during which time the building was 
completed, and capable of seating about 300 persons ; when 
the vestry tendered a call on the 18th of May, to the Rev. 
Edward Embury, to become rector of the parish, which 
call was accepted, and the Rev. Mr. Embury entered upon 
the duties of his office, as 1 am informed, in June, 1842, 
although his acceptance, or the time of entering upon his 
duties as rector are not recorded in the minutes of the 
vestry. And no records of any proceedings of the vestry 
seem to have been made, from May, 1842. until Easter Tues- 
day, April 18, 1843. at which time afcer morning prayer 
being said by the Rev. Mr. Embury, Messrs. Wm. H. 
Hughes and i. harles Anderson were elected wardens, and 
Messrs Geo. Stanwix, Thomas Bateman. Richard Parr, 
Richard McGlinn, Arthur Boyl, John Coughtry, R. H. 
Northrop, Charles Clapp, vestrymen, for the ensuing year. 
At this time the congregation was but small ; and the 
few were people of but limited ability, to sustain the pa- 
rish in a pecuniary point of view; and the building they 
had erected was encumbered with a mortgage of $1080; 
besides other parish indebtedness. But being encouraged 
by their rector to labor on in their laudable work of build- 
ing up a congregation, the vestry met on the 20th of April, 
Io43, to take into consideration the condition of the finan- 
ces of the parish. And after appointing George Stanwbc 



Trinity Church. 249 

as treasurer and John Conghtry as secretary, they direct- 
ed their treasurer to "call upon and ask payment of those 
persons who for seme time past had not paid their indebt- 
edness to the Chnrch; and resolved that Mr Clapp be 
authorized to collect moneys in the city of Albany, and 
that Messrs. George Stanwix and Thomas Batenmn. be a 
committee to raise money in New York city, to liquidate 
the mortgage on their Church." 

With what success the above named persons labored in 
raising moneys I find no record in the minutes of the vest- 
ry, but am verbally informed, that during the years 1842 
and 1843. there was raised in various ways for the relief 
of the parish some $500. which was paid on the mortgage; 
when in the fall of 1843. the Rev Mr. Embury resigned 
his rectorship of the parish, leaving it once more without 
any pastoral care. 

The next recorded action of the vestry was on the 19fh 
of Dec., 1843. when they ''unanimously resolved that W. 
H. Hughes, senior warden, be authorized to invite by let- 
ter, the Rev. Edward Selkirk, of New York, to become 
rector of their parish.*' Accordingly such invitation was 
forwarded to the Rev. Mr. Selkirk, which he accepted on 
the 1st of January, 1844, and during the month entered 
upon his duties as rector. 

The parish had now been in existence a little more 
than four years, and had struggled on amidst many diffi- 
culties, s f ill weak and embarrassed with debt, and with 
but a feeble prospect of being long able to maintain an 
existence. 

Although considerable had been done, yet the church 
edifice was far from being a comfortable place of wor- 
ship, being so imperfectly warmed that few could endure 
the cold during the hours of service. Hence all the per- 
sons including men. women and children that could be 
gathered for the regular morning and afternoon services 
during the winter of 1844 varied frcm 20 to 40 souls. It 
was at once proposed by the rector, to open the church 
for a third service in the evening. At the third service 
many who were not members of the parish of Trinity 
Church, came in. Yet the Church being cold and badly 



250 Trinity Church. 

lighted, and having neither choir, nor organ, to aid in ren- 
dering the services attractive, but little seemed to be effected. 
The foremost and greatest difficulty that seemed to 
present itself to hinder the growth of the parish, was its 
indebtedness; and the want of pecuniary ability on the 
part of the parishioners to remove it. But being once 
more encouraged by having a rector, the small band of 
ladies connected with the parish set themselves to work 
to do what they could; and finding some ladies of the 
other parishes ready to second their efforts, before the 
spring of 1844, they had raised some $200. Then a sub- 
scription was started among the parishioners, and after- 
wards circulated among the citizens, until in June, 1844, it 
was found that the sum of $680,75 had been raised, which 
sum liquidated the mortgage on the building. Thus en- 
couraged, soon after a small organ was obtained (and paid 
for by the efforts of the ladies, the following winter). A 
voluntary choir came together, and the parish seemed 
gradually to increase. The next thing to be done was to 
have the lamps altered, and stoves provided sufficient to 
warm the Church ; the lamps being made to burn camphene 
were altered to burn oil, and additional oil lamps added, 
which served to light the Church effectually. Two new 
coal stoves were purchased during the fall of 1844, and 
some slight alterations made in the Church, rendering it 
quite comfortable for worship during the winter season of 
1845, and after. In the meantime, the sidewalks and 
pavement were put in order, and a plain picket fence 
erected on the front and west side of the Church at an 
expense of about $80 ; and a new vestry room built on the 
south east corner of the Church at an expense of over $40. 
Hence there was from January 1st, 1844, to January 1st, 
1845, the following amounts paid for former indebtedness 
of the parish, and improvements about the Church, together 
with an organ, besides sundry small debts: 

On mortgage to Wm. Chambers, $660 

Paid for organ, $180: Fence and pavement, $80,.. . 260 
Vestry room, $40; Stoves, pipe, chimneys, &C M $50 90 

* $1010 



Trinity Church. 



251 



The following is the form of subscription with the 
amount subscribed for liquidating the mortgage to Wm. 
Chambers, in the spring of 1844 : 

" We, the undersigned, promise to pay to the bearer, on 
demand, for the purpose of liquidating the mortgage on 
Trinity Church, the sums affixed to our respective names, 
Provided there is added to this subscribtion the sum of 
one hundred and fifty dollars, and otherwise raised, or 
hereon subscribed, a sufficient amount to pay said mort- 
gage, amounting to six hundred and sixty-seven dollars or 
thereabouts. 

Names. Amt, 

0. A. Kingsley, 3 '00 

Eugene Kissam, . . . 5*00 

Joseph Mather, 5 '00 

Wm. Kerr, 5*00 

John Hurdis, 5*00 

Richard McGlinn, . . 10*00 

Miss Cook, 5'00 

Edw'd Brinckerhoff, 5*00 

Mrs. Bratt, 5*00 

Daniel Attwood, . . . 5*00 

Mrs. Chas. Anderson 5 '00 



Names. Amt. 

Ladies society, $204*75 

Edward Selkirk,... 10*00 

Wm. H. Hughes, . . 10*00 

Arthur Boyl, 10*00 

Thomas Bateman, . 10*00 

Jas. L.Humphrey,. 10*00 

Wm. H. Topp, .... 10 00 

Homer R. Phelps , . . 10 00 

George Stan wix, ... 10*00 

John Patterson, ... 10*00 

Kelly Attwood, 10*00 

Geo. Gumming,. . . 3*00 

G. B. & R. H. Eraser, 15-00 
James Hall,. 2*00 



$382*75 



The above amount having been raised by the ladies and 
by the subscriptions of parishioners, the following sub- 
scription was circulated among the citizens, and the an- 
nexed amounts obtained. 

" We, the undersigned, promise to pay the bearer, on 
or before the first of June, next, the sum affixed to our 
respective names, to liquidate the bond and mortgage on 
Trinity Church: 



Names, 

James Stevenson, . . $ 20*00 
Matthew Gregory, . 10*00 

John Gott, 5*00 

Wm. E. Bleecker, . 5*00 



Amt, Names, 

Mrs. Horner, 

M. T. Reynolds, . . . 



Charles Coates, 
John Jones, 



Amt, 

5*00 
5'00 
5.00 
5.00 



252 

Names, 

J. V. L. Pruyn,.... 

James Taylor, 

Wm. Chapman, 

G. W. Porter 

B. Whitlock 

lL iss Anna Ten Eyck 
Eev. Horatio Potter 

G. W. Stanton, 

S. T. Van Buren, . 

A. Groesbeek 

Daniel Spencer, . . . 
Le Grand Smith, . . 
Wm J. Warner,... 

Ivlrs. Godley, 

J. K. Wing 

Wm. H. Dewitt,... 

A. P. Palmer, 

Peter G. Dox, 

Thomas S. Barber,. 

Cash, 

James Cooper 

John F. Townsend, 

B. P. Staats, 

B. C. Raymond, . . . 

R. McCabe, 

J. G. Northrop, 

J. B. Plumb, 

H. G. Wheaton,... 

Ira Porter, 

Cash,. 



Trinity Church. 



A ml, 

5-00 


Names, 

S. Cobb, 


A tut, 

3.00 


5-oa 


Win. Nessle 


2'00 


5'00 


Cash, 


3'00 


11-00 

500 
5*00 


G. O. Merri field,... 
Mrs. E. Croswell, . . 


3-00 
5'00 
2'00 


5-00 
lO'OO 


Mrs. Honeysett.. . . 
Win Lacv 


2-00 

l-oo 


5-00 
5-00 
10.00 


John Ten Eyck,. . . 
E. E. Kendrick,... 
Cash, 


5-03 
5-00 
5-00 


5 00 




5-00 


5'OD 




3'00 


10 00 




3-03 


5-00 




3-00 


5'00 




5-00. 


3-00 




3-00 


3-00 




I'OO 


I'OO 


| 


1-00 


2'00 


R. Steel, 


2-OD 


3-00 


Cash, 


2-00 


500 




2'00 


5-00 


J S.Colt 


200 


5-00 


t;ash 


3'00 


5-00 


Mrs. Dudley, 


2'00 


5-00 


Cash, 


1-00 


3-00 


u 


3'00 


5-00 


it 


2-00 


2'00 


(( 


i-oo 


2-00 
2-00 
S'OO 
3-00 


Brought up 
Parish subscriptions 


298-00 

382-75 

$68675 



James Kidd, .... 

The above amount having been raised previous to the 
first of June, 1844, early in the fall following the an- 
nexed subscription was drawn up and circulated. 

" We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sums affixed 
to our respective names, for the purpose of procuring 
stoves and building a vestry room for Trinity Church." 



Trinity Church. 



253 



Names. 



Arm. 



0. R. Van Benthuysen$25'00 

Wm. H. Hughes,... 1'25 

S. F. Phelps, 3-00 

Geo. Stanwix, 3'00 

Arthur Boyl, 2'00 

Richard McGlinn, . 2 '00 

James L. Humphrey, 3*00 

Homer R. Phelps . . 5 '00 

John Patterson, . . . 3*00 

Thomas Brooks, . . 2 '00 

Joseph Mather, . . . . 2 '00 

Kelly Attwood, . . . 3'00 

Dr. P. P. Staats,... 5'00 

Wm. H. Topp, 2-00 

Richard Parr, 1 '00 



Names. A.m1 } 

Geo. Cummings $1'00 

James Morrow, .... 2*00 

John M. Bullock,... 2*00 

Mr. Forbes, TOO 

Eugene Kissam,. .. 1*00 

Mr. Pewtress, I'OO 

Mr. Ellison, 2'00 

John Ten Eyck, I'OO 

Cash, I'OO 

Mr. Clark, 2'00 

Wm. Denning, 0'50 

Wm. Farally, 50 

John Wright 3 '00 

$80-25 



: 



No sooner had the above been accomplished, than the 
ladies of the parish again seconded the efforts of the 
gentlemen in procuring means for carrying on the work 
of building up the parish, which resulted in their paying 
into the treasury, in December 1844, for the purchase of 
an organ and other church purposes the sum of $210 or 
thereabouts. 

During the year 1845, the parish continued gradually 
to improve in numbers and strength; and although so 
much had been done during the previous year, still all 
had not been done that stood in the way of the. growth 
of the parish. There still remained a floating debt of 
some two hundred dollars to be liquidated. How it 
could be done was the question to be solved. The pro- 
position was made in vestry meeting, that a subscription 
should at once be commenced by the wardens and vestry 
and circulated among the parishioners. The proposition 
was adopted, and the following form of subscription was 
accordingly drawn up, to which the persons whose names 
are attached, subscribed. 

"'We, the subscribers, agree to pay the sums set oppo- 
site our respective names, for extinguishing the floating 
debt now existing against Trinity Church. Which debt 
22 



254 Trinity Church. 

being extinguished leaves the Church free from all in- 
cumbrance, and in such a state as to meet its annual 
expenses, by its regular annual income. So that hereafter 
there need not accrue any floating debt." 



John Wright, $5'00 

Mr. Farreiy, TOO 

Wm. Denning, TOO 

Wm. H. Topp, 2-00 

Samuel Westcott,.. TOO 

Cash, 3-00 

Mrs. Bratt, 2'00 

Cash, I'OO 

Cash, I'OO 

$102-00 



S. F. Phelps $25-00 

Wm. S. Ellison, . . . 5'00 

Richard Parr, 10 00 

Jn. M. Bullock, 5'00 

Wm. H. Hughes, . . 3'00 

T. P. Waters, 5'00 

James L. Humphrey 5 '00 

Geo. Stanwix, 3'00 

Ric'd McGlinn, 3'00 

0. R. V. Benthuysen 5'00 

Cash, 6-54 

H. R. Phelps 5-00 

Cash, 5'00 

This subscription having been made, the ladies of the 
parish seconded the efforts of the gentlemen, by organiz- 
ing themselves into a sewing society, for the purpose of 
raising funds for the parish, which resulted in their pay- 
ing into the treasury of the church, as the proceeds of a 
fair, the sum of $325, which, together with the amount 
raised by subscription, enabled the parish to pay all its 
debts, and left $255 surplus, which was deposited in the 
Albany Savings Bank for future use, so that at the close 
of the year 1845, the parish was free from debt, and, 
though small, in a prosperous condition. 

At the commencement of the year 1846, the parish being 
in a flourishing condition, it was thought desirable on the 
part of many parishioners, to exchange the organ then in 
possession of the parish, it being small and a very imper- 
fect instrument, for a larger and more perfect and effec- 
tive instrument ; accordingly it was agreed that the money 
then in the bank might be used for that purpose, provided, 
that a sum necessary to pay the balance between the old 
organ and a new one could be raised by subscription after 
using the money on hand. Accordingly it was ascer- 
tained that such an organ as was desired could be ob- 
tained for the sum of $500, or $350 and the old organ, 



Trinity Church. 255 

and to make up the requisite sura of $350,. the following 
subscription was made : 

"We, the undersigned, promise to pay the sum affixed 
to our names, for the purpose of procuring an organ for 
Trinity Church, Albany." 

Names, Ami, Names, Amt 



Packard & Van Ben- 

thuysen $20'00 

Homer R. Phelps lO'OO 

Kelly Attwood 7'00 

Andrew J. Colvin. . . 5'00 

T. P. Waters 5'00 

R. H. Northrop 5'00 

T. D. James 5'00 

S. F. Phelps 10-00 

S. S. Barnes 5*00 

John Stow . 2'00 



John Ten Eyck .... $5 '00 

J. M. Bullock 5-00 

John Tanner 3'00 

J. L. Humphrey 3'00 

Daniel Spencer. ... 5'00 

Sam'l Westcott 5'00 

Mrs. Scribner 5'00 

W. H. Topp 3-00 

Miss Lewis 6'00 

$174-00 



When the above amount having been subscribed and 
paid, it being the sum required, a contract was made with 
Messrs. Hall & Labah, organ builders of New York city, 
to furnish a specified organ, for the sum of $350 and 
the old organ. The organ was accordingly built and 
placed in the church, corner of Herkimer and Frank- 
lin streets, in July, 1846. The organ was pronounced 
by competent judges to be a most perfect instrument 
in all its parts, and served to enable the choir vastly 
to improve in the performance of their part of the 
service, all of which tended to aid in building up the 
church of God. It was soon found that more persons 
were disposed to come together for divine worship than 
the church would accommodate, especially of an evening, 
and the subject began to be talked of in private, of in 
some way providing more church accommodations Va- 
rious suggestions were made during the fall and winter 
of 1846, when in the spring of 1847, the demand for more 
church room apparently increasing, a meeting of the vestry 
was called on the 1st of March, to take into considera- 
tion the propriety of building a new church. The result 
of their deliberations was, the appointing of a committee 



256 Trinity Church. 

of three to draw up and circulate a conditional subscrip- 
tion, and also to select a site for the new church, and 
report to the next meeting. The committee appointed 
was the Rector, Rev. Edward Selkirk, and Messrs. S. F. 
Phelps and Packard Van Benthuysen, Mr. George Stan- 
wix was afterwards added to the committee. 

In discharge of the duties assigned them, the committee 
procured some five subscription books, drew up the follow- 
ing form of subscription, to which, in process of time, the 
following amounts were subscribed and paid over to the 
treasurer of the congregation, for procuring the site and 
the erection of the church edifice, now known as Trinity 
Church, in Broad street : 

" In consideration that the corporation of ' Trinity 
Church,' in the city of Albany, shall build a new church 
edifice for the congregation they represent, we, the sub- 
scribers, hereby agree to pay the said corporation the 
sums set opposite our names respectively, in such rata- 
ble sums, and at such times, as said corporation shall 
direct, for procuring a site and erecting a suitable church 
edifice thereon ; provided, however, that on or before the 
first day of June, 1847, the whole amount of subscription 
for the aforesaid purpose, and means otherwise pledged 
to said corporation therefor, shall amount at least to the 
sum of twelve thousand dollars. 

And it is further provided, that our individual sub- 
scriptions shall when paid in, be offset against the value 
of any pew or seat which we may purchase in such new 
church edifice. 

Dated at Albany, March 8th, 1847. 



Trinity Ch., N. Y. .$5,000*00 
Parish property 
The church build- 
ing in Herkimer 

st. sold for 800-00 

Organ reserved. . . 500*00 
H. Yates, inland. 1,200*00 
Archib'd Mclntyre 1,200*00 
Edward Selkirk . . 300*00 
P. V. Benthuysen. 200'00 



S. F. Phelps $200-00 

A. J. Colvin 100-00 

Wm. H. Topp.... 100-00 
Stephen Groesbeeck lOO'OO 

D. L. Wing 100-00 

G. W. Stanton... 100*00 
Alex. Gray & son. 250*00 
James Jenkinson . . 1 00 '00 

David Orr lOO'OO 

R. H. Northrop... 100'OD 



Trinity Church. 



John M. Bullock . . 


$100*00 


Jno. L. Crew 


100-00 


Edwin Croswell . . 


50*00 


A. Groesbeck .... 


5000 


James Stevenson . . 


50*00 


E. Corning 


50*00 


Samuel Stevens . . . 


50*00 


V. P. Douw 


50-00 


K. Attwood 


50*00 


J. C. Spencer. . . . 


50-00 


G. Slack 


50-00 


Hamilton Fish . . . 


50-00 


Jno. L. School craft 


50-00 


Rev. Wm. I. Kipp 


25-00 


J. L. Humphrey. . 


25*00 


C. W. Bender. . . . 


25-00 


V. Ten Eyck 


25-00 


E. H. Bender 


25-00 


W. H. Dewitt .... 


25'00 


Jno. Wright 


25-00 


Jno. Stackpole 


25-00 


Wm. A. Corbiere. 


25-00 


J. V. L. Pruyn. . . 


25-00 


Thomas W. Olcott 


25-00 


Tweddle & Darlin- 




ton 


25-00 


Griffin & Smith. . . 


25-00 


Wm. A. Young. . . 


25-00 


Watts Sherman . . . 


25*00 


E. Skinner 


25-00 


Geo. Russell 


25-00 


W. W. Forsyth. . . 


25-00 


J. B. Plumb 


25-00 


G. W. Stanton, Jr. 


2500 


E. P. Prentice 


25-00 


R. Boyd 


25-00 


R. H. King 


25-00 


Arthur H. Root.. . 


25-00 


H. G. Wheaton. . . 


25-00 


Jno. I. Boyd 


25-00 



257 

Frank'n Townsend $25'00 

W. tf. White 25-00 

John Knower 25 '00 

Mrs. Dudley 25'00 

Win. E. Bleecker. 25'00 

Stephen W.Clark. 2500 

A. E. Brown 25'00 

R. Borttel 25.00 

Elizabeth J. Jenk- 

inson(byW.W.) 2500 

UriBurt 25*00 

Giles Porter 25*00 

Wm. Wilson .... 25*00 

JoelRathbone 25'00 

E. H. Pease & Co. 25'00 

Anthony Gould. . . 25'00 

James Taylor 25*00 

Thurlow Weed... 25'00 

N. S. Benton 20*00 

G. W. Newell.... 20-00 

J. C. Potts 20-00 

Rob't Dunlop 20 00 

D. Humphrey 20 00 

Wm. H. Ten Eyck 20'00 

Lansing Pruyn . . . 20 '00 

Grace Anderson .. 20'00 

Wm. Fowler 2000 

R.Whitlock... ... 21-15 

Sanford Cobb lO'OO 

H. R. Phelps 10-00 

Wm. Parmelee . . . lO'OO 

James Henry 10 '00 

Thomas Schuyler. 10*00 

J. H. Armsby.... lO'OO 

Mrs. Owins lO'OO 

E. R. Phelps 10*00 

Wm. Kerr lO'OO 

Gilbert L. Wilson 10*00 

Wm. Humphrey.. 10*00 

W. C. Little & Co. 10-00 






258 



Trinity Church. 



Charles Coates . . . 
D. L. Lathrop. . . . 
D. Morgan 


$20-00 

10-00 
10-00 


Edward Owens. . . 
J. M. Newton. . . . 
Edwin C Litchfield 


$10-00 
10-00 

10*00 


Wm. Woodhall... 
Wm. Wendell .... 
J. H. Mulford .... 
S. H. Hammond. . 
Abram Koonz .... 


10-00 
10-00 
10-00 
10-00 

lO'OO 


W. A. Crehan 
Wm. McElroy . . . 
Edward Blakeman 
A. D. L. Whipple, 
Wm. Hurst 


10-00 
10-00 
10-00 
10-00 
10-00 


A. Quackenboss . . 
G. C. Fowler 


10-00 
10-00 


John McMickin . . . 
Charles Barber. 


10-00 

1500 


J. D. Badgley 
Joseph Strain 
Benjamin Marsh . . 
J. V. Burin 


10-00 
10-00 
10-00 

lO'OO 


Josiah Gillespie . . . 
Wm. G.Thomas.. 
Truman S. Foote. 
John McEvoy . 


10-00 
10-00 
10-00 
10-00 


Thomas L. Greene 


10-00 


R. S. Hendee 


10-00 


Smith Sheldon . . . 


10-00 


James O'Neil 


10-00 


J. Keyes Paige . . . 
Lemuel Steele. . . . 


10-00 
10-00 


Edmund Savage . . 
Andrew Kirk 


10-00 
ro-oo 


G. R. Shortess 
D. H. Ford 


10-00 
10-00 


Arch. Maddin. . . . 


10-00 
10-00 


R. L. Joice 


10-00 


Jagger, Tread well 




R D Granger. . . 


10-00 


So Perry . . 


10*00 


E Westerlo 


10-00 


Rob't H Pruyn. . . 


10-00 


Hammond King & 




J. D. Fisher 


5'00 


Barnes 


5'00 


Cash (W. M.) 


10-00 


James C. Pennie . . 
John T Crew. . . . 


10-00 
10-00 


Wm. Headlam 
J 0. Sayles 


10-00 

lO'OO 


G M Bleecker. . . 


10-00 


G. Davidson 


10-00 


Cash (A. W. J.). 
L Bew 


10-00 

1000 


Jno. S. Daley. . . . 
Wm Hunt 


10-00 
10-00 


J. H Hays 


10-00 


Charles S. Benton 


10-00 


Wm. A. Rice 


10-00 


Cyrus Edson 


10-00 


W. G. Dey Ermand 
John G. White . . . 


10-00 
10-00 


Andrew White . . . 
J. G. Curtis 


10-00 
10-00 


Ira Porter 


5-00 


Wm.Kerr(2dsub.) 


10-00 


Jacob Henry 


10-00 


John Groesbeck . . 


10-00 


Cash (Ransom) . . . 


10-00 


Cash 


10-00 


Justus F Taylor 


10 00 




5'00 


Richard Godley. . . 
S. H. Johnson. . . . 


10-00 
10-00 


E. Evertson 
James Denniston . 


5-00 
5'00 



Trinity Church. 



259 



Mrs. Johnson 


$5-00 
5'00 
5-00 
2-50 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5'00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5'00 
5-00 
5-00 
10*00 
5'00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5*00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
3-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5'00 


Henry Safford .... 
John D. Kimmey. . 
A. Ransom 


$500 
5-00 
5'00 
5-00 
5-00 
5'00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
1000 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 
5-00 

5-00 
500 
5-00 
5-00 
500 
5-00 
3-00 
3-00 
3-00 
3-00 
2-00 
2-00 
2-00 
2-00 
2'00 
2-00 
2-00 
2-00 
2'00 


Joel A. Wing 


Dr. P. V. Buren.. 
J. Calverley 


Hugh Stevenson . . 
Wm. Livingston. . 
Cash (Hill) 


Geo. Wait 


M. E. Viele 


Adam Todd 


James Crawford . . 
Clement Warren . . 
J. H. Shear 


Aaron Hawley . . . 
Jno. F. Steele 
Sam'l N. Payn . . . 
A. V.Allen 


Geo. Harris 


R. Humphrey .... 
Humphrey Clark . 
S. F. Shepard 
Cash (Kennedy). . 
David McCulloch. 
A. H. Green 


Henrv Green 


David Fenner 
S. McCoy 


R. L. G Bancroft. 
Hiram Munsell . . . 
Wm. Mitchell 
Dr. VanOLinda.. 
Mr. Shultz 


Samuel Moffit 
H. H. Hickcox... 
Wm. Janes .... 
Cash 


Cash (Burton)... 
Jno. R. Vernam . . 
James Schuyler. . . 
Luther Wheeler. . 
J. G. Cotrell 


J. V. Van Valken- 
burgh . . 


H. B. Benjamin. . . 
M. H. Bridge 


Wm. Frothingham 
D. Newland . . . 


C. W. Goddard... 
Mr. Finch 


Nelson Hascy . . . 
H. D. Hawkins. . . 
Jacob Ten Eyck. . 
H. J. Hastings. . . . 
John A. Sickles . . . 
J. H. Prentice 
N. Hussy 


Chris'r Morgan. . . 
J. A. Chapman. . . 
Henry Mix 


H. R. Wheeler. . . 
Peter Colbern 
Cash (Fryer) 
G. H. Charles.... 
Cash (Rawls) 
D. S. Davis 


H. W. Meade .... 
Wm. M. Clelland. 
Lewis Rathbone . . 
Charles C. Miles . . 
R. W. Harvey 
J M Harvey 


Geo. Patterson. . . 
Cash (Thomas)... 
Cash (Crawford).. 
Wm Abell 


Lewis Sevmour. . 


C. P. Easton. . 



260 

A. A. Rankin .... 
Cash(H. V. A.).. 

Veder & Bates 

Mr. Richardson . . . 

H. Dickson 

G. V. S. Sanders. 
John H. Anderson 

Wm. Sweney 

Cash 

S Easterly 



Trinity Church. 



$200 
2-00 
2-00 
2*00 
2-00 
2*00 
I'OO 
1-00 
1-00 
1-00 



R. M. V. Sickler, 
D. J. Hewson. . 
Mrs. Henry. 

R.J. Patten 

F. A. Fargo 

Cash , 

Cash 

Cash 

W. Carter 

Cash , 



$roo 
i-oo 

TOO 
TOO 
TOO 
1-00 
1-00 
I'OO 
TOO 
1-00 



While the above subscriptions were being procured, 
chiefly by the solicitation of the rector of the parish, the 
committee of which he was chairman, selected as a site 
for the proposed church edifice, a plot of ground on the 
west side of Broad street, between Lydius and Westerlo 
streets, and on the 29th of March, the Rev. Mr. Selkirk, 
as chairman of the committee for selecting a site, reported 
to the vestry that said lot in Broad street had been se- 
lected, and that it was owned by Messrs. A. Mclntyre 
and Henry Yates, and valued at $1,250 per 26 feet front, 
which report was accepted, and the committee continued, 
and also the subscription committee, and ordered to pro- 
ceed with the business committed to them. And on the 
22d of July, the committee to select a site reported to the 
vestry by their chairman, that they had selected three lots 
on the west side of Broad street, south of Lydius, said 
lots being 26 feet front by about 100 feet deep, valued at 
$3,750, on condition of paying $2,200 in cash, and the 
balance to be a subscription to the church, and the re- 
port was accepted. Mr. P. Van Benthuysen then resigned 
his place on the committee, which was accepted, and Mr. 
T. P. Waters was chosen by the vestry to fill his place. 
The vestry then empowered the committee to contract 
for said lots on the best terms they could, on behalf of 
the vestry, and were also authorized to sell the church 
edifice in Herkimer street. Agreeably to the foregoing 
instruction, the committee again reported to the vestry 
on the 23d of July, "That they had offered Messrs. Yates 
and Mclntyre the sum of $2,200 in cash, and $700 in 



Trinity Church. 261 

church property, consisting of pews in the church when 
built, for a plot of ground as before designated, to be 100 
feet front and about 100 feet deep, and estimated at 
$4,600. Of the amount, $2,400 should be considered as 
a subscription to the church, $700 of which amount they 
might receive back in pews, on the same condition as 
other subscribers, and the- balance to be a gift, which 
terms were accepted by the owners of the land, which 
report was accepted ; and on the 29th of July, the Rector, 
as chairman of the committee authorized to purchase said 
lots, reported to the vestry that the committee had en- 
tered into contract with Messrs. Yates and Mclntyre, as 
before reported, which contract w T as ordered recorded 
upon the minutes, and the committee were, upon motion , 
discharged. It was then moved that a committee of five 
be appointed to take charge of the erection of the new 
church, when Messrs. S. F. Phelps, John Ten Eyck, 
Richard Parr, T. P. Waters and J. M. Bullock, were" ap- 
pointed such committee. On motion, the Rector and Mr. 
R. H. Northrop was added to said committee, and said 
committee were also chosen as a finance committee to 
take charge of the collection of all moneys, &c. 

The committee thus appointed took the matter in 
charge, and during the remainder of the summer, took 
the necessary preparatory steps for carrying out the 
wishes of the congregation, expressed by the vestry. 
Their first step was to appoint a sub-committee, com- 
posed of the Rector, Rev. Mr. Selkirk, Messrs. R. H. 
Northrop and T. P. Waters, to act in behalf of the com- 
mittee, to select the style of architecture, employ an 
architect, and to receive proposals for building, &c., which 
duties they discharged during the fall and winter of 1847 
and 1848. When, on March the 13th, 1848, contracts, 
&c., having been entered into for the erection of the pro- 
posed church edifice, the rector, wardens and vestry- 
men, together with other members of the congregation, 
and friends, assembled on the site to commence the work 
of erecting a temple to the glory of God, and to invoke 
bis gracious aid and protection. Being thus assembled, 
the rector, the Rev. Edward Selkirk, taking a pickaxe 



262 Trinity Church. 

and shovel, said " In the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, I do now commence the 
work of erecting a* church to be consecrated to the ser- 
vice and glory of Almighty God," when striking three 
blows into the earth with the pickaxe, and removing some 
of it with the shovel, the work was commenced. The 
wardens, Messrs. R. H. Northrop and S. F. Phelps, and 
the vestrymen, Messrs. Richard Parr, T. P. Waters and 
J. M. Bullock, and others, taking the shovel removed each 
a portion of the earth. 

The work being thus auspiciously begun, the mason, 
Henry Knight, proceeded forthwith, 1848, to prepare and 
lay the foundation, when, the 21st of April, 1848 ; the 
building committee, through their chairman, Mr. R. H. 
Northrop presented to the vestry the following report, 
which was ordered to be recorded on the minutes : 

" To the Rector, Wardens, and Vestrymen of Trinity 
Church, in the city of Albany : 

" The committee appointed by you to take charge of 
the erection of a new church edifice for our parish, respect- 
fully report: That on the 2d,day of August, 1847, your 
committee appointed Messrs. Northrop, Waters, and Sel- 
kirk a sub-committee to visit the new churches in New- 
York city and vicinity, and empowered them to decide 
upon the style of architecture for the new church, and to 
employ an architect to draw up the plans and specifica- 
tions. That the sub-committee, on the 3d day of August, 
1837, went to New- York, and after visiting and examin- 
ing the new churches of that city and Brooklyn, decided 
upon the Gothic style, as the most preferable for our new 
building, and employed Mr. James Renwick, Jr., an archi- 
tect of much skill and experience, to draw plans and 
specifications, and to superintend the erection of the 
building, for which they agreed to pay Mr. Renwick the 
sum of $150, and his expenses, when required to come 
up to Albany to take charge of the building, if required 
to come more than four times. Your committee think he 
will not have to come more than four or five times, as 
the plans and specifications are very full and plain. 



Trinity Church. 263 

Your committee have directed all moneys raised toward 
the building of the new church, to be paid into the Com- 
mercial Bank of Albany, to be drawn out on the checks 
of the treasurer, certified by the chairman of the build- 
ing committee. 

That the total amount of subscriptions for the new 
church and site, up to this time, including land, the value 
of our present church edifice, and Trinity Church dona- 
tion, and the masons' subscription, is $13,800, of which 
$3,262*75 has been collected, including the land subscrip- 
tion. 

That proposals from carpenters and masons in this 
city for building the new edifice having been invited by 
your committee, a number were sent in, the lowest of 
which for the mason work, was that of Mr. Henry Knight, 
who agreed to do the mason work, excavate the ground, 
and furnish all the materials except the cut stone, for the 
sum of $4,700, and take $1,000 of that amount in pews 
when the church is done, allowing the parish the first 
right of buying them back at the price paid by Mr. Knight. 

Your committee accepted Mr. Knight's proposition, and 
have entered into a contract with him accordingly. The 
highest estimate for the mason work was $5,900. 

The estimates for the carpenter's work by the Albany 
mechanics were so far above what your committee were 
led to believe it would cost, that they invited proposals 
from New- York city. The lowest proposals sent in by 
Albany mechanics, was $6,800. Your committee received 
proposals from Messrs. John Johnston and Edward Giraty, 
of New- York, to do all the carpenter's work and painting, 
and furnish all the material, including all the glass but 
stained glass, for $4,700, if the pews were made of pine, 
and $4,800 if the pews c., were made of black walnut. 
The last proposal was accepted at $4,800, and a contract 
entered into with these gentlemen to do the carpenter 
work, making the pews, &c., of black walnut. 

Mr. Knight has commenced the mason work of the new 
church, has excavated the ground, and has the foundation 
nearly completed according to the architect's plan. The 
old church has been advertised for sale, but no advantge- 



264 Trinity Church. 

ous offers have as yet been made for it. The new build- 
ing is to be completed by the first of November next. 

Your committee at the last meeting deemed it advisable 
to appoint a time for laying the corner stone of the new 
church, and to have suitable arrangements made in season* 
for having public religious exercises on the occasion, and 
have therefore appointed the 10th day of May next for the 
laying of such corner stone, &c., and have appointed the 
Rector, Wardens, and Vestry the committee of arrange- 
ments. 

In conclusion, your committee would say they think 
the whole expense of erecting and entirely finishing the 
new church, will be $15,000, from which amount the ex- 
pense will not much vary, one way or the other. This 
will leave $1,382 yet to be raised to free the parish from 
debt, when the work is done, if we realize the value of 
the old church. 

The cut stone necessary for the building, which the 
mason is not required to furnish, will cost $682, for which 
sum Mr. Wm. Gray has agreed with your committee to 
furnish the same. The stained glass is all that remains 
to be provided to complete the church, and that can be 
obtained for $250. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Dated Albany, April 19, 1848. 

R. H. NORTHROP, 1 

JOHN M. BULLOCK, | 

JOHN TEN EYCK, [ Committee. 

RICHARD PARR, 

EDWARD SELKIRK, J 

Thus it will be seen how much had been done for 
the erection of the new church up to the close of the 
ecclesiastical year in 1848. 

On Easter Tuesday, April 25, 1848, the day for the 
annual election of officers, Messrs. R. H. Northrop, and 
Granville Slack were elected Wardens ; and Messrs. T. P. 
Waters, T. D. James, R. Parr, P. Van Benthuysen, John 
Ten Eyck, John M. Bullock, John Wright, and S. F. 
Phelps. Vestrymen ; and at a meeting of the Vestry on 
the 27th of April, 1848, Messrs. S. F. Phelps, T. P. Wa- 




TRINITY CHURCH 

BSOAD STREET, ALBANY. 



Trinity Church. 265 

ters, R. H. Northrop, T. D. James, Granville Slack, John 
Ten Eyck, and the Rector of the parish, were appointed a 
building committee, to act in behalf of the vestry, in 
carrying forward the erection of the edifice already in 
process of building. 

On Wednesday, the 10th day of May, 1848, being the 
day recommended by the former building committee for 
the service of laying the corner stone, it was found that 
proper arrangements had not been completed, and hence 
it was postponed, and at a meeting of the board of vestry, 
on the 15th inst., it was proposed that the services should 
be held on Thursday, the 18th day of May, 1848. That 
the secretary of the board send written invitations to the 
Episcopal clergymen of the city and vicinity, and put 
notices in the city papers inviting the public to attend ; 
which, having been done, a congregation assembled at the 
church, corner of Herkimer and Franklin streets, on the 
18th day of May, at 3 o'clock P. M., when evening prayer 
was said by the Rev. Dr. Kip, rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Albany, and the Rev. Mr. Spooner, of Grace Church, 
Albany, read the lessons. Services being ended, all the 
clergy present, some ten in number, robed in their surplices, 
formed in procession, preceded by the wardens and ves- 
trymen of the parish, and of the other parishes, and fol- 
lowed by the parishioners and citizens, walked.to the site, 
where the procession, opening to the right and left, the 
clergy passed through and ascended a platform upon the 
foundation walls, reading responsively the 122d psalm. 
And approaching the north east corner of the foundation, 
other services were conducted by the rector, agreeably to 
the forms for such service, set forth by the bishop of the 
diocese in the year 1836. The corner stone was laid in 
the buttress at the north east corner of the church, by 
the rector, the Rev. Edward Selkirk, in which was placed 
a leaden box containing a copy of the Holy Bible, a Book 
of Common Prayer, Journals of the last General and 
Diocesan Conventions, a historical sketch of Trinity 
Church in the city of Albany, a copy of the last Albany 
Directory, a map of the city, and the newspapers of the 
city, of the latest dates. The choir then chaunted tha 
23 



266 Trinity Church. 

appointed selections from various of the psalms of David, 
to the great delight of the audience. The Rev. Dr. Potter, 
rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany, said the prayer 
which followed, when the address was pronounced by the 
rector of the parish, and the services concluded by the 
Rev. Dr. Potter offering the closing prayers, and pro- 
nouncing the benediction. 

The work thus auspiciously commenced, was not to be 
completed without some perplexities and hindrances ; Mr. 
Knight, the mason, having failed to construct the window 
jambs agreeably to the plans, and refusing to alter the same, 
the architect, Mr. Renwick, served a notice upon the war- 
dens, and vestrymen to that effect, and declared the contract 
abandoned and forfeited by Mr. Knight in consequence 
thereof, which notice was served upon Mr. Knight. This 
proceeding necessarily caused delay in the work, and on 
the 27th of July, 1848, in vestry meeting, the building 
committee were directed by the vestry to " go on and ob- 
tain proposals for completing the mason work of the new 
church," and the chairman of the building committee was 
also directed by the vestry, to " forbid Mr. Knight from 
interfering any further with the mason work." 

After much delay, it was announced to the board of 
vestry, on the 17th of August, 1848, by Mr. Northrop, a 
member of the board, that he had had several interviews 
with Mr. Knight, the mason. That Mr. Knight had been 
to New York to see the architect, Mr. Renwick, who had 
consented that if Mr. Knight would make the required 
alterations, and enter into a new contract to complete the 
work, he would agree thereto, and that Mr. Knight was 
ready to comply with the requirements of the architect. 
Mr. Northorp then moved " That the rector have and he 
hereby has authority to execute a new contract with 
Henry Knight, mason, to complete the mason work of 
Trinity Church according to the plans and specifications 
of Mr. Renwick, the architect, upon the following terms." 
The terms were that certain alterations should be made, 
and certain remaining work to be done for the sum of 
$3,800, equal to the balance which would have been his 
due under the former contract. Such new contract was 



Trinity Church. 267 

accordingly entered into, and the work once more put in 
progress. Scarcely, however, had the work been begun, 
when in the mysterious providence of God, some thirty 
acres of the south eastern portion of the city, (which was 
densely built,) was by one vast conflagration left in a few 
hours one mass of smouldering ruins. This event, so 
unexpected, necessarily embarrassed all financial opera- 
tions in the city. The building committee of Trinity 
Church being dependent on the collection of many small 
subscriptions made by individual citizens, to meet the 
contracts they had entered into, at first were lead to fear 
that they would be compelled to abandon the work in 
hand, at least for the time being. They were encouraged 
patiently to pursue the work, and wait the direction of an 
overruling Providence that doeth all things well. By the 
consent of the board of vestry, their rector, without de- 
lay went to New York city and laid the condition of his 
congregation, and the work they had in hand, before the 
Rector, Wardens, and Vestry of Trinity Church, in that 
city, asking them to afford the necessary relief, by adding 
$1,500 to the sum of $3,500, which they had previously 
pledged to his congregation, when they should have done 
in good faith a specified amount, towards the erection of 
their church edifice. That board readily perceiving the 
inability of the congregation to proceed further in their 
work without not only prompt, but increased aid, with 
their accustomed generosity, responded promptly and 
nobly to the appeal, and at once pledged to the parish of 
Trinity Church, Albany, the munificent sum of $5,000, 
payable at their pleasure, with a grant of $350 a year as 
the interest upon said $5000, until such time as they 
should see fit to pay the same, which should be after the 
expiration of ten years. A bond from Trinity Church, 
New York, to the above effect, backed up by a mortgage 
on the lot and church then in process of building, enabled 
the building committee to realize the sum of $5,000, which 
enabled them to carry forward the work they had in hand. 
Shortly after, the church edifice then occupied by the 
congregation, which had not been consecrated, was sold 
to a corporate body, by the name of the Mutual Benefit 



268 Trinity Church. 

Association of the city of Albany, for the sum of $800, 
including most of the fixtures, except the organ, which 
was removed to the new church. Consequently, the last 
service held by the congregation of Trinity Church in 
their edifice, corner of Herkimer and Franklin streets, 
was on the feast of Christmas, 1848. 

Owing to the delay in the mason work of the new 
building, already mentioned, the work was not completed 
at the time appointed, and winter setting in before it was 
completed ; it was at length agreed to abandon the work 
until the following spring, as the building was in such a 
state that it could be occupied for service. Consequently, 
the ladies of the congregation, ever ready and active in 
good works, at this time lent a helping hand, by raising 
money to purchase carpets, which being put down, and 
the church made comfortable, the doors were opened on 
the morning of the 21st day of January, 1849, it being 
the third Sunday after Epiphany, for divine worship. 

Being provided with a permanent place of worship, the 
congregation as it were became fairly established, al- 
though the church was not yet fully completed, yet they 
continued to worship in it until the following April, when 
services were suspended, and the mason, Mr. Knight, 
set about completing his part of the contract, which was 
done, and formally accepted by the architect, in June 
following. The carpenter's work was also finished and 
accepted at the same time, when both the contractors 
were paid in full on their contracts; the carpenter on 
the 14th of June, 1851, and the mason on the 21st of the 
same month. 

To meet these last payments, and to free the corpora- 
tion from all liability on account of the contracts for the 
erection of the church, Messrs. Wm. H. Williams, L. L. 
Derby, R. H. Northrop and John Wright, gave their note 
as individuals, which was endorsed by Robert Whitlock 
and others, for the sum of $1,200, upon which the money 
was obtained of Marcus T. Reynolds, and paid into the 
treasury of the church, which together with various 
amounts previously subscribed and then due, was deemed 
amply sufficient to pay all the indebtedness incurred by 



Trinity Church. 26$ 

the building committee for the erection of their new 
church edifice. 

The corporation being thus freed from debt for the 
erection of their church, the Right Rev. Bishop Whit- 
tingham, Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland, then per- 
forming episcopal duties in the diocese of New York, by 
request of the standing committee of the diocese of New 
York, was invited to act as consecrator of the church to 
the service of Almighty God. 

Accordingly, due notice having been given, Bishop 
Whittingham arrived in town on the 9th day of Sept., 
1849, and on the following day, it being the day appointed 
for the service of consecration, met with the clergy of the 
city and vicinity, at the house of Mr. Albert Gallup, No. 
84 Westerlo street, where after robing, the bishop and 
clergy proceeded to the church , where a large audience 
had assembled to engage in the usual service of morning 
prayer, and of consecration. When the bishop and seve- 
ral of the clergy in attendance had entered the chancel, 
the bishop, sitting in his chair, received from Richard H. 
Northrop, Esq., then senior warden of the congregation, 
the following deed of donation : 

"We, the rector, church wardens and vestrymen of 
Trinity Church in the city of Albany, having by the good 
providence of Almighty God, erected on the west side of 
Broad street, between Lydius and Westerlo streets in said 
city, a house of public worship, do hereby appropriate 
and devote the same to the worship and service of Almighty 
God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, according 
to the provisions of that branch of the church of Christ 
known as the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United 
States of America, in its ministry, doctrines, liturgy, 
rites and usages, and by a congregation in communion 
with the said church, and in union with the convention 
thereof in the diocese of New York. 

"And we do also request the Right Reverend William 
Rolinson Whittingham, Bishop of Maryland, now adminis- 
tering the episcopal functions in the diocese of New York at 
the request of the standing committee of the said diocese, 
to receive the said building in behalf of the Bishop of the 



270 Trinity Church. 

Diocese of New York, under tue splitur.! jurisdiction of 
the said Bishop, and that of his successors" in office, and 
to consecrate the same by the name of Trinity Church, 
and thereby to separate it from all unhallowed, worldly, 
common uses, and solemnly dedicate it to the holy pur- 
poses above mentioned. 

"And we do, moreover, hereby relinquish all claim to 
any right of disposing of the said building, or allowing the 
use of it in any way inconsistent with the terms and true 
meaning of this instrument of donation, and with the con- 
secration hereby requested. 

"In testimony whereof, we, the said rector, church 
wardens and vestrymen, have caused this instrument of 
donation to be prepared, and have attached unto the same 
our corporate seal, and signed the same, attested also by 
our respective signatures and seals, this tenth day of Sep- 
tember, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun- 
dred and forty-nine " 

EDWARD SELKIRK, JOHN CLEMESHIRE, 

Rector. [L. s.] KELLY ATTWOOD, 
R. H. NORTHROP,. JAMES JENKINSON, 

JOHN WRIGHT, L. L. DERBY, 

Wardens. [L. s.] WM. H. WILLIAMS, 
T. P. WATERS, DR. WM. B. STANTON, 

JAMES T. FOSTER, Vestrymen. [L. s.] 

CHURCH SEAL. 

The above deed having been received by the bishop, he 
then proceeded to say the prayers set apart for such ser- 
vice, which being said, the following sentence of conse- 
cration was read by the Rev. R. B. Van Kleeck, rector of 
St. Paul's Church, Troy, by appointment of the bishop. 

' ' In the name of the holy, blessed and undivided trinity, 
God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, amen. Whereas, 
the rector, church wardens and vestrymen of Trinity 
Church in the city of Albany, have, by an instrument 
this day presented to me, appropriated and devoted a 
house of public worship erected by them on the west side 
of Broad street, between Lydius and Westerlo streets, in 
the said city of Albany, to the worship and service of 



Trinity Church. 271 

Almighty God, the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, accord- 
ing to the provisions of the Catholic Church of Christ, 
known as the Protestant Episcopal Church in these United 
States of America, in its ministry, doctrines, liturgy, rites 
and usages, and by a congregation in communion with said 
church, and in union with the convention thereof in the 
diocese of New York. 

" And whereas, the same rector, church wardens and 
vestrymen, have, by the same instrument, requested me 
to receive the said building in behalf of the said Bishop 
of the Diocese of New York, under the spiritual jurisdic- 
tion of the said bishop, and that of his successors in office, 
and to consecrate the same by the name of Trinity 
Church, and thereby separate it from all unhallowed, 
worldly and common uses, and solemnly dedicate it to 
the holy purposes above mentioned. 

" Now, therefore, know all men by these presents, that 
I, William Rolinson Whittingham, Bishop of Maryland, 
and now administering episcopal functions in the diocese 
of New York at the request of the standing committee of 
the said diocese, acting under the protection of Almighty 
God, and in His faith and fear, have, on this tenth day of 
September, being the Monday after the fourteenth Sunday 
after trinity, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight 
hundred and forty-nine, in behalf of the Bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of New York, 
and of his successors in office, accepted and do accept the 
above mentioned house of worship, and take the same 
under the spiritual jurisdiction of the Bishop of New York 
aforesaid, and that of his successors in office, and in pre- 
sence of divers of the clergy, and a public congregation 
therein assembled, and according to the godly usage of 
the Catholic Church of Christ, and the form prescribed 
by the Protestant Episcopal Church in these United 
States of America, have consecrated the same by the 
name of Trinity Church, 

" And I do hereby pronounce and declare that the said 
Trinity Church, in the city of Albany, is consecrated ac* 
cordingly, and thereby separated henceforth from all un* 
hallowed, worldly and common uses, and dedicated to the 






272 Trinity Church. 

worship and service of Almighty God, the Father, the 
Son and the Holy Ghost, for reading and preaching His 
holy word, for celebrating His holy sacraments, for offer- 
ing to His glorious majesty the sacrifice of prayer, praise 
and thanksgiving, for blessing His people in His name, 
and for the performance of all other holy offices, and the 
administration of all holy ordinances, agreeable to 'His 
will made known in the terms of the covenant of grace, 
and of salvation in our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, 
according to the usages of His Holy Catholic and Apos- 
tolic Church, and the provisions of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church in these United States of America, in its 
ministry, doctrines, liturgy, rites and usages. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto affixed my episco- 
pal seal and signature, in the day and year above written, 
and in the ninth year of my consecration." 

WILLIAM ROLINSON WHITTINGHAM, 

S^~~~I^\ Bishop of Maryland, administering episco- 

C sa. 1 pal functions in the Diocese of New York t 

^-- ^ at the request of the standing committee. 

Thus was the church edifice consecrated to the wor- 
ship and service of Almighty God, the Father, the Son 
and the Holy Ghost, and the congregation of Trinity 
Church (the third congregation organized in the city of 
Albany agreeably to the usages and worship of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church in the United States of America) 
in possession of a permanent church edifice, set apart for 
religious worship and service, at the expiration of ten years 
and five days from incorporation, and numbering at the 
time about three hundred souls attending on the services, 
and from 60 to 70 communicants, 



(273) 

TAKING THE OATH OF ALLEGIANCE 

Albany City Records, Vol. IV, 362. 



1699. 

Albany the 4th day of January.* The Mayor, Hendrik 
Hanse Esq., Jan Janse Bleeker, Rekorder, together with 
Jan Vinnagen and Albert Rykman, Aldermen, did meet at 
y 6 Citty Hall, where all y 6 Inhabitants of this Citty were 
appointed to appear and take y e oaths and sign y e test and 
association, who accordingly came, y e Oath being admin- 
istered to them by Robert Livingston Esq., one of his Ma- 
jesties Councill of this Province. The Oaths which each 
respective person took, and y e Test and Association which 
each respective person signed are as follows : 

The Oath. 

I, A B, do hereby Promise and Swear y 1 1 will be faith- 
full and bear true allegiance to his Majesty King William, 
so help me God. 

I, A B, do swear that I do from my heart abhor, detest 
and abjure as Impious and Heretical!, y l damnable Doctrine 
and Position, y 1 Princes Excommunicated or Deprived by 
y 6 Pope or any authority of y 6 See of Rome, may be de- 
posed or murthered by their subjects or any other what- 
soever. 

And I doe declare y 1 no foreign Prince, Person, Prelate, 
State or Potentate, hath or ought to have any Jurisdiction, 
Power, Superiority, Preeminence or Authority, Ecclesias- 
ticale or Spirituall within this Realm. So help me God. 

The Test. 

We underwritten do solemnly and sincerely, in y e pre- 
sence of God, profess and declare y 1 wee doe believe y 1 in 
y 6 Sacrament of y e Lord's Supper there is not any transub- 
stantiation of y e Elements of Bread and Wine into y e body 

* See ante, p. 47. 



274 The Oath of Allegiance. 

and blood of Christ, or after y e Consecration thereof by 
any person whatsoever, and y 1 y e Invocation or Adoration 
of y e Virgin Mary and y e Sacrifice of y e Mass, as they are 
now used in y e Church of Rome, are Superstitious and 
Idolatrous, and we do Solemnly in y e presence of God, 
Profess, Testify and Declare, y l we do make this declara- 
tion and every part thereof in y 6 plain and ordinary Sense 
of y e words now read unto us as they are commonly un- 
derstood by English Prodistants without any Evasion, 
Equivocation or Mentall Reservation whatsoever, and with- 
out any Dispensation already granted for y rt purpose by 
y 6 Pope or any other authority or person whatsoever, or 
without any hope of any such Dispensation from any per- 
son or authority whatsoever, or without thinking y l we 
are or can be acquitted before God or Man, or absolved of 
this Declaration or any part thereof, although y e Pope or 
any other person or persons or power whatsoever should 
dispense with or annull y e same, or declare that it was 
null and void from y 6 beginning. 

The Association. 

, Whereas there has been a horrid and detestable con- 
spiracy formed and carried on by Papists and other wicked 
and trayterous persons for Assassinating his Majesties 
Royal Person in order to Incourage an Invasion from 
ffrance to Subvert our Religion, Laws and Liberties, we 
whose names are underwritten do heartily, sincerely and 
solemnly profess., testify and declare y l his present Majesty 
King William is rightful and lawful king of these Realms, 
and we do mutually promise and engage to stand by and 
assist each other to y e utmost of our power in y e Support 
and Defence of his Majesties most sacred person and go- 
vernment against y e late King James y 6 pretended Prince 
of Wales and all theire adherents, and in case his Majesty 
come to any violent or untimely death (which God forbidd) 
we do hereby freely and unanimously oblige ourselves to 
unite, associate and stand by each other in Revenging y e 
same upon his enemies and all their adherents, and in y e 
supporting and defending y 6 succession of y e Crown ac- 
cording to an act made in y e first year of y e Reign of King 



The Oath of Allegiance. 



275 



William and Queen Mary, intituled an act declaring y c 
Rights and Liberties of y e Subject, and settling y e succes- 
sion of y e Crown. 

Hend. Hanse, mayor Abram Provost 

Jan Janse Bleeker, recorder Wouter Albertsen 
Job. Schuyler, alderman Abraham Staets 



Hend. Rensselaer, alderm'n 
Albert Ryckman, alderman 
Jan Vinhagen, alderman 
Joh. Cuyler, alderman 
Wessel ten Broek, ald'n 
Evert Wendell, assistant 
Jacobes Turck, assistant 
Joh, Bleeker, assistant 
Joh. Mingaell, assistant 
Hend. Oothoudt, assistant 
Barendt Bradt 
Cornells van Schurleuyn 
Hend. van Dyck 
Dirck Vanderheyden 
Pr Schuyler 
Rob 1 Livingston 
Dirck Wessels Junior 
Joh. Groenendyck, sheriff 
G. Dellius V. D. M. 
Gerritt van Ness 
Joh. Livingston, D. C. 
James Parker 
Basteyaen Harmence 
Volckert van Hoese 
Johannes Luykasse 
Johannes Claese 
Joh. Becker 
Rener Myndersse 
Rutt Melgertse 
Joh. Hanse 
Lendert Philipse 
Harmanus Wendell 
Jan van Streyen 
John Gilbert 



Gerrit Rycksen 
Johannes Pruyn 
Abraham van Deusen 
Samel ten Broek 
Lieve Winne 
Claes Vondae 
Joh. Vinhagen 
Philip Schuyler 
Jan Cornelise Vyselaer 
Jan Lansingh 
Andries Nach 
Evert Wendell 
Geysebert Marcelles 
Jan Jansz Goes 
Jan van Ness 
Jacob Staets 
Nanning Harmense 
Barent ten Eyck 
Thomas Millenton 
Johannes Appell 
Anthony Bries 
David Schuyler 
Robert Livingston Jun. 
Abraham Lansingh 
Elbert Gerritse 
Joseph Jansen 
Jacob Gerretsen 
Gerret Luychessen 
Hend. Lansingh 
Mattyes Nack 
William Ketellen 
Johannes Teller 
Wouter Quackenbos 
Jan Nack 



276 



The Oath of Allegiance. 



Harmen Gansevoort 
Warner Karstense 
Jan Radcliffe 
Philip Wendell 
William von Alen 
Nicholaes Bleeker 
Thomas Winne 
Scheboledt Bogardus 
Reyer Gerritse 
Harmen Ryckman 
Jonathan Breadust 
Jacob Lansingh 
Evert Wendell Jun. 
Jelles van Voiste 
Albert Ryckman Jun. 
Cornelis Schermerhorn 
Thomas Harmensse 
Daniel Bratt 
Arie Oothout 
Wouter vander Zee 
Dirk Jansez Goes 
Cornelis van Ness 
Geurt Hendrikse 
Claes Luykasse 
Cornelis Willemse 
Richard Bignell 
Peter Mingael 
Abraham Kip 
George Ingoldesby 
William Jacobse 
Benony van Corlaer 
Thomas Williams 
William Hogen 
Anthony Bratt 
Hend. Roseboom 
Claes Ripsen van Dam 
Abraham Verplanck 
Naes Cornelissen 
Daniel Keteluyn 
Tackell Dircks 



Haerpert Jacobse 
Willem Holle 
John Caer 
Jan Gerritsen 
Dirck Tackelsen 
Jacob Lansing 
Joh.-Myndertse 
Stevannes Groesbeek 
Pieter Bogardus 
Willem Groesbeek 
Isack Kasperse 
France Winne 
Antony Coster 
Hend. Lansingh Jun. 
Joh. Quackenbos 
Hend. ten Eyck 
Pieter van Wogelen 
Melgert van der Poel Jun. 
Dirck Bratt 
Abr. Janse Ayesteyn 
Koenraet Hooghteeling 
Roeloff Gerritse * 
William van Ness 
David Keteleyn 
Frederik Harmense 
Wynant Willemse 
Elbert Harmense 
Anthony van Schayeck 
Evert Banker 
Joh. Roseboom 
Gerrit Roseboom 
Isaac ver Planck 
Johannes Beekman 
Melgert van der Poel 
Philip de Foreest 
Hend. Roseboom 
John Cideney 
Gerrit Lansingh 
Andries Douw 
Abraham Cuyler 



The Oath of Allegiance. 



277 



Goose Van Schayck 
John Fyne 
Job. Jacobsen Gleen 
Tennis Dirckse 
Jacobus Luykase 
Jacob Lockermans 
Claes Jacobse 
Caspar van Hoesen 
Poules Martense 
Frederick Mindertse 
Jacob Bogardt 
Thomas Wendell 
Luyckas Luyckasse 



Jan Salomoensse 
Gideon Schaats 
Harm en Thomasen 
Asweres Marselles 
Jacobus van Vorst 
Joh. Oothoudt 
Jurian Franse Claw 
Ph. Lenderts Conyn 
Eghbert Teunise 
Johannes Bratt 
William Gysbertse 



Myndert Rooseboom 
Jan Rosie 

These are those of y 6 Citty y l have signed y e Test and 
Association. Now follows those of Shennechtady. 

The Inhabitants of Shinnechtady y l have taken y e Oaths 
and signed y 45 Test and Association on y e 1 1th of January 
1699, are as follows: 



Daniael Jansen 
Claes van Petten 
Jan Luycasse 
Marten van Slyck 
Peter van Olinda 
Gerrit Symonsse 
Wouydter Vroman 
Gysbert Gerritse 
Victoer Potman 
Claes Fransen 
Jacob van Olinda 
Johannes Symonsen 
Arent Vedder 
Korsett Vedder 
Thomas Smith 
Benjamin Robberts 
Claes Janse Boekhove 
Jan Wimp 
Jesse Klaesse 
Manes Vedder 
William Hall 

24 



Marte van Benthuysen 

Jan Vroman 

Jan Danialsse 

Barendt Wemp 

Symon Vrooman 

Harmen van Slyck 

Arendt Pootman 

Symon Groot 

Corneles van Slyck 

Tjerk Harmensey 

Albert Vedder 

Jacobes Peeck 

Phillip Philipsen 

Daniel Mashereft 

Douwe Ouckes 

Cornelles Swetts 

Barent Vroman 

Reyer Schermerhoorn, justice- 

Isaack Swits 

Gerritt Gysbertse 



278 The Oath of Allegiance. 

Jacob van Dyck John Senk 

Symon Danielsse Jan Mebie 
Johannes Sanderse Glen, Syas Wardt 

Justice of y 6 Peace Dirck Grodte 

Cornelles Slingerlaodt Gosse van Vort 

Symon Grodte Jun. Simon Switts 

Daniel van Olinde Dirck Miller 

Johannes Vedder . Claes France 

Jan Flipsen Phillip Grootte 

Jeremias Lickton Arendt Vedder 

Dirck Bratt Hendrik Brouwer 

Peter Symonse Johannes Peeck 

Hendrick Vroman Louewis Viele 

Adam Vroman Volcher Symonse 

Jochem Valkenburg Jonitan Stevens 

The names of those y l have taken y 6 Oath and signed y e 

Test and Association living in y e Mannor of Rensselaers- 
wyk, Kinderhoek, Coxhackky, Catskill, and places adja- 
cent to y 6 southward of Albany, as far as y e County ex- 
tends, are viz: 

Cornellis Gerritse Pieter van Alen [burgh 

Volkert Gerrittse Bartholomeus van Volken- 

Cornellis Tymesen Stefannis van Alen 

Evert de Bidder Koenradt Bogardt 

Harme Janse Gysbert Scherp 

Jellis Fonda Adam Dinghman 

I. K. Backer Gherrit Jacobse 

Jan Hanse Jacob Dinghmans 

Jacob Schermerhoorn Burger Huyck 

Daniel Winne Johannis Huyck 

Eldert Ouderkerk Andries Gardenier 

Marten Cornelise Dirck van der Kar 

Albert Slingerlant Johannes van Alen 

Joh. Ouderkerck And. Coeymans 

Hend. van Ness Marte Cornelise 

Jan Fonda Pieter P. Coeman 

Joh. van Vechten Dirck Teunisse 

Claes Gerritse Barent Koeman 

Cornells Cristiaense Isack Ouderkerck 



The Oath of Allegiance. 



279 



Job. Cristiaense 
Lambert Janese 
Hendrick Beekman 
Jan van Ness 
Edward Wieler 
Lawrense van Ale 
Andries Scherp 
Dommincus van Schaick 
Johannes van Hoesen 
Manewel van Sahaick 
Evert van Alen 
Cornellis van Schaick 
Luykas van Alen 
Isack Vosburgh 
Pieter Martense 
Samuel Gardinier 
Lambert Huyck 
Louries Scherp 
Johanes Volkenburgh 
Jan Martense 
Jacob Basteyansse 
Frans Pietersen 
Marte Jacobse 
Gerrit Teunise 
Samuel Koeman 
Luycas Janse 
Tomas Janse 
Andris Davydse 
Dow Funda 
Tunis van Sleyck 
Maes van Franke 
Evert van Ness 
Jonatan Janse 
Eldert Cornelise 
Teunis Cornelus 
Volckert Douw 
Arent Slingerlant 
Pieter Vosburgh 
Casper Conyn 
Cornelis Martensse 



Melgert Abrahamse 
Wouter Quackenboss 
Isaac Janse van Alstyen 
Jacob van Hoesse 
Jan van Hoessen 
Franck Hardiok 
Juriaen van Hoesen 
Jonas Douw 
Matyes Hoghtelingh 
Arent van Shaick 
Pieter Bronck 
Samel Dirckse 
Kiliaen van Rensselaer 
Abr. Wendell 
P. Willemse 
Barent Gerritse 
Gerrit van Wyen 
Abrah Ouderkerk 
Cornellis Masen 
Cornellis Tunissen 
Marte Cornelisse 
Gerrit Gisbertse 
Solomon Cornelisse 
Sam Doesyn 
Jacob Tunissen 
Jan Tyse Goes 
Hendricus Jansen 
Jan Hendrissen 
Hendricus Lammersen 
Jan Hendrickse Solsbergen 
Hend. Solsbergen 
Hend. Valikenoer 
Jan van Hoesen Jun. 
Cornellis Stevessen 
Jermeyas Milder 
Rob 1 Tewissen 
Claes Sievers 
Jan Lanard 
Jan Andrisse 
Abr. Dirckse V. Veghten 



280 The Oath of Allegiance. 

Matys Janse Goes Hend. Dowu 

Pieter Hoogeboom Rissert Jansen van den Borke 

Andries Huyck Johannes Hooghtellingh 

Dirck Teunisse Jan Batyst Demon 

Jan Casperse Jyn Bronck 

Volckert Andrisse Andris Janse 

Lendert Bronck Jacob Janse Gardenier 

Job. Dirckse 

Wee doe hereby Certify and Declare that the above 
Subscribers to the Test being all the Male Inhabitants of 
y 6 Citty of Albany from y e age of sixteen years and up- 
wards, consisting of one hundred and eighty men have 
taken ye Oaths established by act of Parliament, in Eng- 
land, instead of y 3 oaths of allegiance and supremacy 
which were tendered and administered by us pursuant to 
his Excellency the Earl of Bellomont's Proclamation, and 
y l they have also signed the Association, none of y e Inha- 
bitants refusing y 6 same except two Papists, called Frans 
Pruyn a Taylor, and Peter Villeroy a Frenchman, Laborer, 
who by reason of their Perswasion could not take y 6 same, 
but were willing to take an oath of fidelity to his Majesty 
King William, only some few have neglected to appear at 
y 6 time prefixed to take y 6 oaths and subscribe y e test and 
association, but shall tender and administer y e same 
before y 6 time be expired mentioned in y e s d Proclamation. 
Whereof we doe by these presents make this our Return 
to the Secretary's office at New York, in witness whereof 
we have hereunto sett our hands and scales in Albany 
this 16 of January, 1699, 




. 








LIFE AND 

OF 

STEPHEN VAN KENSSELAEK, 

BORN 1764; DIKD 1839. 



A Discourse on the Life, Services and Character of Stephen Van- 

Rensselaer, delivered before the Albany Institute, 

on the 15th April, 1839. 

BY DANIEL D. BARNARD. 



The Albany Institute, embracing in its objects a wide 
field for observation and study, is made up of three 
principal departments, each having its president, vice pre- 
sident, and other appropriate officers. It was formed ori- 
ginally by the union of two societies previously existing 
under separate charters. At the organization of the In- 
stitute, on the 5th of May, 1824, STEPHEN VAN RENSSE- 
LAER, then at Washington as the representative in con- 
gress from this district, was unanimously selected to 
preside over its deliberations. He filled, at the time, the 
presidency of the Albany Lyceum of Natural History, 
henceforth to be merged in the Institute ; and there was 
every thing in his position and standing, as well as in his 
direct connection in many ways with the objects of the 
new society, to make the compliment of the selection 
deserved and proper; yet it was found that his own re- 
gards, with characteristic modesty, had been directed 
towards another worthy and eminent citizen, as fittest to 
occupy the chair ; and it was only after much hesitation 
and reluctance that he communicated to a friend on the 
spot, his permission and request to decide the question of 
acceptance or refusal for him. It hardly need be added 
that the office was promptly accepted in his^behalf. By the 
charter of the Institute, this office is made elective annu- 
ally ; and every year, since the same agreeable act was 
first performed, and with the same unanimity, have the 



282 Life and Services of 

members of this society offered the same grateful testimo- 
nial of their respect and affection for their beloved presi- 
dent. Alas ! my friends and fellow-members, that offering 
of ours has been made for the last time. We are now 
called, in common with the whole country, to mourn his 
loss. He departed this life on SATURDAY, the TWENTY- 
SIXTH DAY OF JANUARY last. It was at four o'clock in 
the afternoon, of a day which had dawned upon him with 
as fair a promise of closing on him in life, as any, perhaps 
which he had seen for the last two years, that in a small 
cabinet of his ample mansion, which his infirmities had 
made his chief asylum and sanctuary for many months, sit- 
ting in his chair, with just warning enough to convey the 
intimation to his own mind that his hour had come, 
without enough of previous change seriously to alarm the 
fears of anxious, watchful and trembling hearts around 
him, the venerable man bowed his head, and died. 

In the affecting ceremonies of his funeral, the members 
of the Institute had their humble part. It had been re- 
solved, in special session, that they would attend the 
funeral of their president in a body. This, however, was 
not all their duty. It was thought to belong appropriately 
to them to gather up the memorials of his life and services, 
and cause them to be arranged and presented before the 
society in a regu ] ar discourse. It has pleased those whose 
charge it was to make the selection, to assign the duty of 
preparing and presenting this tribute, to me. They might 
have found many to perform the service more acceptably ; 
not one, since the time had come when the duty must be dis- 
charged by some body, to whom it could have been a more 
grateful office. 

In entering on the execution of this trust, I should have 
been glad, if time had permitted, to have claimed the in- 
dulgence of my audience, first of all, to carry them back 
to a period in history somewhat remote from the times to 
which the distinguished subject of this memoir more im- 
mediately belonged. Some of the acts of his individual 
career, and the traits of his beautiful character, when we 
should reach them in the progress of our narrative, would, 
I think, have developed themselves much the more strong- 






Stephen Fan Rensselaer. 283 

ly for the light which might thus have been thrown on 
them from the past. They would have been found, some 
of them at least, to have been linked backward, by 
unbroken chains, to the times and events of other and 
even distant generations. Men's virtues, any more than 
their vices , are not all their own. To some extent they are 
inheritors of virtues and to some extent they are moulded 
by circumstances. They may be trained in schools of 
which the masters are dead long and long before, and 
of which nothing remains but the transmitted lessons 
that were taught without intending to teach them. In 
his personal history, Mr. Van Rensselaer was subjected 
to the strong influence- of great events events powerfully 
affecting property, and rights, and ideas, and character. 
He was born the subject of a king, and he was born to a 
chartered inheritance, which gave him the right to a con- 
siderable share of feudal honors and feudal power ; at 
twenty-one, however, he had become, through a forcible 
and bloody revolution, a citizen of a free republic, with 
only his own share, as such, with all his fellow-citizens, 
in the popular sovereignty of the country. He was the 
proprietary of a remarkable landed interest remarkable 
for any country connecting him and his affairs directly 
with an ancestry, and through that ancestry with a people, 
in a portion of whose doings and history are bound up 
some interesting and valuable materials for the proper 
illustration of events and characters in later and even 
present times, in this part of our country. As such pro- 
prietary, looking to the earlier .periods of his life, he 
represented, in his own person, a state of things in regard 
to property and its incidents, and the structure of social 
and political institutions, which in his own time and in 
his own hands, passed away forever not, however, with- 
out leaving behind them their strongly-marked and indeli- 
ble traces; and, looking at him from the days of his 
manhood onward, he was, in his character and in his 
relations, a living witness and illustration of some import- 
ant contributions which a former age had made to the 
present, and by which the features of the latter, as 
stamped by a new order of things, were not a little modi- 
fied. Undoubtedly we change with the times ; yet no age 



284 Life and Services of 

can choose but wear, more or less strongly, the lineaments 
of its parent age the complexion, even a very great way 
off, will show a tinge from the blood that was in the origi- 
nal fountain. He, the subject of our present reflections, 
stood, in one sense, between the present and the past ; 
between two distinct and even opposite orders of things, 
and he belonged in a manner to both. His life reached 
forward well into the heart of the republican system 
and the whole country did not contain a more thorough 
republican than he was while his days ran back to a 
period when a feudal aristocracy, of which he was himself 
a part, had a legalized and legitimate growth in the soil 
of this our native land. He was a thorough republican, 
in a republican state, and yet he bore to his death, by 
common courtesy and consent never claimed but always 
conceded the hereditary title which had anciently at- 
tached to the inheritance to which he had been born. 

The title, as is well known to you, by which he was 
usually addressed and spoken of amongst us, was that of 
patroon. This title was derived, evidently, from the civil 
law, and the institutions of Rome. In the time of the 
Roman republic, the Latin pair onus was used to denote a 
patrician, who had certain of the people under his imme- 
diate protection, and for whose interests he provided by 
his authority and influence. At a later period, and after 
the power of Rome had been greatly extended by her con- 
quests, individuals and families of the noble order, became 
patrons of whole cities and provinces, and this protective 
authority, with large and extensive legal and political 
rights and powers, in some instances descended by inheri- 
tance. The family of the Claudii was vested with this 
patronage over the Lacedemonians; and that of the Mar- 
celli over the Syracusans. It was partly from this source, 
it may well be supposed, that the Dutch, who had adopted 
the civil law, derived the idea of governing a remote ter- 
ritory, not easily to be reached by the central authorities, 
by committing it to the ample jurisdiction of a patroon.* 

* I have seen the Jus Patronatus of the Roman law expressly re- 
ferred to, in an official MS. of the Dutch authorities themselves, as 
the foundation of the powers and jurisdiction committed to the patroons 
of New Netherlands. 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 

This title was not applied in Holland, so far as I know, 
to any order in the state there, nor was it employed in, 
or by, any other of the countries of Europe. It was not a 
title of personal nobility, as that term is understood in 
Europe since the time when monarchs assumed the right 
of conferring these distinctions by creation or patent. It 
belonged exclusively to the proprietors of large estates in 
lands, occupied by a Tenantry ; and like the title of 
seignior which the French bestowed with the seigniories, or 
large territorial estates and jurisdictions in Lower Canada, 
on the first colonization of that country, it was deemed 
especially proper for transatlantic use. Yet it had been 
attached to it, in connection with proprietorship, the usual 
incidents and privileges of the old feudal lordships, in direct 
imitation of which, both title and estate, with their jurisdic- 
tions, were instituted. It maybe added as worth remark- 
ing, that in the case before us. this title has run on, and 
been regularly transmitted, with the blood of the first pa- 
troon, down to our day, though it is now a century and 
three quarters since the inheritance ceased to be a Dutch 
colony, to which alone the title properly attached, and 
became, by royal authority, after a foreign conquest, an 
English manorial possession ; and though, in later time, a 
revolution has intervened by which the estate was fully 
shorn of its manorial character and attributes, leaving to 
the proprietor, now for the last fifty years, to hold his 
property merely by the same simple tenure and ownership, 
with which every freeholder in the country is invested. 

Mr. Van Rensselaer was the fifth only in the direct line 
of descent from the original proprietor and patroon of the 
colony of Rensselaerwick. This personage, the founder 
of the colony, was a man of substance and character. He 
was a merchant of Amsterdam, in Holland, wealthy, and 
of high consideration in his class, at a time when the 
merchants of Holland had become, in effect, like those of 
Italy, the princes of the land. He was that Killian Van 
Rensselaer referred to in our recent histories as having 
had a principal share in the first attempts made by the 
Dutch towards colonization in America. 

I think this occasion would have been held to justify a 



286 Life and Services of 

more particular reference to the part which this ancestor 
of the late Mr. Van Rensselaer had in American coloniza- 
tion, and especially at the important point where we are 
now assembled ; and that it would not have been out of 
place, to have introduced the personal memoirs of the 
latter, by a portion at least of that curious and hitherto 
neglected history which attaches to the colony and manor 
of Rensselaerwick that identical landed estate and in- 
heritance, which, nearly in its original integrity, though 
stript of its accessories, we have seen held and enjoyed, 
in our time, by a lineal descendant of the first proprietor. 
But the unavoidable length to which the briefest outline of 
that history runs though fully prepared, after the labor 
of considerable research has compelled me, reluctantly I 
confess, to lay it entirely aside. I must needs content 
myself now with some very general facts and observations 
in this connection. 

Killian Van Rensselaer to whom I just now referred 
was a large proprietor, and a director in the Amster- 
dam Branch of the Dutch West India Company. This 
company was incorporated in 1621, and was composed of 
an associate band of merchant- warriors and chiefs, with 
a chartered domain and jurisdiction as well for conquests, 
as for trade and colonization, extending in Africa from 
Cancer to the Cape, and in America from the extreme 
south to the frozen regions of the north, and with the 
right to visit and to fight in every sea where their own or 
a national enemy could be found. Ample powers of go- 
vernment also attended them every where. After they 
had obtained a footing in this country, a college of nine 
commissioners was instituted to take the superior direc- 
tion and charge of the affairs of New Netherland. Killian 
Van Rensselaer was a member of this college. This was 
in 1629. The same year, a liberal charter of privileges 
to patroons and others was obtained from the company. 
Colonization by the Dutch had its origin and foundation 
in this extraordinary instrument. The same instrument 
provided also for founding a landed and baronial aristoc- 
racy for the provinces of the Dutch in the New World. 
Early in the next year, with the design of establishing 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 287 

his colony under the charter, Van Rensselaer sent out an 
agency, when his first purchase of land was made of the 
Indian owners, and sanctioned by the authorities of the 
company at New Amsterdam. Other purchasers were 
made for him in subsequent years, until 1637, when, his 
full complement of territory having been made up nearly 
identical with the manor of our day, and forming as sub- 
sequently defined, a tract of about twenty-four miles in 
breadth by forty-eight in length -Killian Van Rensselaer 
himself came to take charge of his colony. Many of his 
colonists were already here, and others were sent out to 
him all at his own cost. The full complement for his 
colony, required by the charter, was one hundred and 
fifty adult souls, to be planted within four years from the 
completion of his purchases. 

The power of the patroon of that day was analagous 
to that of the old feudal barons ; acknowledging the go- 
vernment at New Amsterdam, and the states general, as 
his superiors. He maintained a high military and judicial 
authority within his territorial limits. He had his own 
fortresses, planted with his own cannon, manned with his 
own soldiers, with his own flag waving over them. The 
courts of the colony were his own courts, where the 
gravest questions and the highest crimes were cognizable ; 
but with appeals in the more important cases. Justice 
was administered in his own name. The colonists were his 
immediate subjects, and took the oath of feality and al- 
legiance to him. 

The position of the colony was one of extreme delicacy 
and danger. It was situated in the midst of warlike and 
conquering tribes of savages, which, once angered and 
aroused, were likely to give the proprietors as much to 
do in the way of defence, and in the conduct of hostile 
forays as were used to fall to the lot of those bold barons 
of the middle ages, whose castles and domains were per- 
petually surrounded and besieged by their hereditary and 
plendering enemies. Happily, however, the patroons of 
the period, and their directors, or governors of the colony, 
by a strict observance of the laws of justice, and by 
maintaining a cautious and guarded conduct in all things 



288 Life and Services of 

towards their immediate neighbors, escaped but not 
without occasions of great excitement and alarm those 
desolating wars and conflicts which were so common else- 
where among the infant colonies of the country. 

While, however, they maintained, for the most part, 
peaceable relations with the Indian tribes around them , 
they were almost constantly in collision, on one subject 
or another, with the authorities at New Amsterdam, and 
those in Holland. The boundaries of rights and privi- 
leges between them and their feudal superiors were illy 
denned, and subjects of disagreement and dispute were 
perpetually arising. Here, at this point, was the chief 
mart of trade, at the time, in the province; and this 
trade fell naturally into the hands of the proprietors of 
the colony. Not a little heart-burning and jealousy, on 
the part of the company, was excited on this account, es- 
pecially when the director of the colony was found to 
have setup his claim to staple-right, amounting to a demand 
of sovereign control over the proper trade of the colony 
against all the world, the company alone excepted, and 
had made formidable preparations to enforce his right by 
the establishment of an island fortress, planted with can- 
non, and frowning over the channel and highway of the 
river. The little village of Beverwyck too, clustering 
under the guns of Fort Orange the germ of the city of 
Albany became debatable ground. The soil belonged to 
the colony, and was occupied with the proper colonists 
subjects of the patroon. The company thought fit to as- 
sert a claim to as much ground as would be covered by 
the sweep of their guns at the Fort. This was of course 
resisted on one side, and attempted to be enforced on the 
other ; and so sharp did this controversy become, and so 
important was it deemed, that Gov. Stuyvesant, on one oc- 
casion, sent up from Fort Amsterdam, an armed expedi- 
tion, to invade the disputed territory, and aid the military 
force at Fort Orange in supporting the pretensions of the 
company an expedition wholly unsuccessful at the time, 
and happily too as bloodless as it was bootless. But I can 
not pursue this singular history in this place. 

In 1664, the English conquest of the province took 



Stephen Fan Rensselaer. 289 

place. The colony of Rensselaerwyck fell with it. Jere- 
miah Van Rensselaer, the second son of Killian, was then 
in possession. He died in possession in 1674. The line 
of the eldest son of Killian, the original proprietor, be- 
came extinct; and in 1704, a charter from Queen Anne 
confirmed the estate to Killian, the eldest son of Jeremias 
Van Rensselaer. The subject of our present memoir was 
the third only in the direct line of descent, in the order 
of primogeniture, through the second son of this Killian 
Van Rensselaer the eldest son having died without is- 
sue. The estate came to him by inheritance, according 
to the canons of descent established by the law of Eng- 
land. It never passed, at any time, from one proprietor 
to another by will, nor was it ever entailed. 

By a royal charter of 1685, the Dutch colony of Rens- 
selaerwyck had been converted and created into a regular 
lordship or manor, with all the privileges and incidents be- 
longing to an English estate and jurisdiction of the mano- 
rial kind. To the lord of the manor was expressly given 
authority to administer justice within his domain in both 
kinds, in his own court-leet and court-baron, to be held 
by himself or by his appointed steward. Other large 
privileges were conferred on him ; and he had the right 
with the freeholders and inhabitants of the manor, to a 
separate representation in the colonial assembly. All 
these rights continued unimpared down to the revolution.. 

For eighty-four years immediately preceding the revolu* 
tion, the manor was never without its representative in 
the Assembly of the province always either the propri- 
etor himself, or some member, or near relative, or friend 
of the family. Nearly the whole of this entire period 
was filled up with a series of hot political controversies 
between the assemblies and the royal governors. I have 
looked into the records of these contests, and I have not 
found an instance from the earliest time, in which the 
proprietor or representative of the manor was not found 
on the side of popular liberty. The last of the represent- 
atives was that stern patriot and whig Gen. Abraham 
Ten Broeck. He was the uncle of the late Mr. Van 
Rensselaer, the last of the manorial proprietors, and his. 
25 



290 Life and Services of 

guardian in his non-age, and had a right, therefore, to speak 
and act in the name of his ward. His official efforts, 
though often in a minority in the assembly, were untiring 
to bring the province of New York into a hearty co-ope- 
ration with her sister colonies in their movements towards 
revolution. 

This brief reference to the connection of the manor, 
and of the family whose possession and estate it was, 
with the political history of the period, preceding the 
revolution ; may serve not only to do justice to the par- 
ties concerned, and thence incidentally to vindicate, if 
there were need of it. the conduct of the Dutch inhabit- 
ants of this province with reference to the progress of 
free principles but also to shew that great as the change 
certainly was in the personal fortunes and prospects of the 
late Mr. Van Rensselaer between his birth and his majority 
yet, in truth, that change was neither sudden nor vio- 
lent; that it was altogether easy and natural; that the 
way had already been prepared ; and that, though born as 
he was to hereditary honors and aristocratic rank, he yet, 
while still a youth was carried, by the strong current of 
the times, over the boundary to him, at the period, but 
little more than an imaginary line between two very op- 
posite political systems ; and found himself, at his prime 
of manhood, and when called to take his own part in the 
active scenes of life, not only a contented, but a glad and 
rejoicing subject and citizen of a free republic, With the 
history of the past before him ; in possession of an es- 
tate which connected him nearly with feudal times and 
a feudal ancestry, and which constituted himself, in his 
boyhood, a baronial proprietor, instead of what he now 
was the mere fee-simple owner of acres, with just 
such political rights and privileges as belonged to his 
own freehold tenantry, and no other it would not, per- 
haps, have been very strange, if he had, sometimes, turned 
his regards backwards, to contemplate the fancied charms 
of a life, sweetened with the use of inherited power, and 
gilded with baronial honors. Nothing, however, I feel 
warranted in saying, was ever farther from his contempla- 
tions. He had no regrets for the past. He was satisfied 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 291 

with his own position ; and though the revolution, in giving 
his country independence had stript him of power and 
personal advantages, yet as it had raised a whole nation 
of men to the condition and dignity of freemen, and so to 
a political equality with himself, it was an event which, to 
a mind attuned as his always was to a liberal and enlighten- 
ed philanthropy, was only to be thought of with the 
strongest approbation and pleasure. 

But I come now to recount which I propose to do in 
the plainest and simplest manner, as best according with 
the modesty of his own pretensions and character those 
events in the life of Mr. Van Rensselaer which constitute 
his personal history. 

He was born on the first day of November, 1764, in the 
city of New York. His father was Stephen Van Rensse- 
laer, the proprietor of Rensselaerwyck. His mother was 
Catharine, daughter of Philip Livingston, Esquire, of the 
family of that name to which belonged the Manor of Liv- 
ingston. Mr. Livingston was conspicuous among those 
lofty and disinterested spirits brought out by the American 
revolution in devotion to human liberty. He was one of 
the signers of that undying instrument the Declaration 
of Independence. At the period of the birth of his grand- 
child, which took place in his own house, he was a member 
of the General Assembly, and at that time, more than ten 
years in advance of the revolution, in an answer to the 
speech of Lt. Gov. Golden, which was reported by him, 
he put forth and insisted, in explicit terms, on that great 
doctrine of "taxation only with consent," the denial of 
which by Great Britain finally brought on the conflict of 
arms. 

The present Manor House of Rensselaerwyck was com- 
pleted in 1765, when the subject of our memoir was a 
year old. It took the place of a structure, the site of 
which was near by, and which had answered, in its day, 
the uses of a fortress, as well as a dwelling. To this, the 
new Manor House, his father directly resorted. His oc- 
cupation of it, however, was short. He died in 1769, of a 
pulmonary disease, leaving his son, his eldest born, a few 
days less than five years old, and transmitting to him a 



292 Life and Services of 

constitutional weakness of the chest, which shewed itself 
in very alarming symptoms in his minority, but happily 
afterwards disappeared. His father left two other children, 
a son and daughter. The latter still survives. 

On the death of his father, the care of that great landed 
and feudal estate, which fell exclusively to him, by the 
rule of primogeniture was committed to his uncle, Gen. 
Ten Broeck, by whom it was faithfully managed as far 
as the disturbed state of the times would allow during 
the minority of his ward. For a while he remained under 
the control and supervision of his excellent and pious 
mother long enough no doubt to receive those deep im- 
pressions of the value of religious faith and the beauty of 
holy things, which were finally wrought firmly into the 
texture of his character. 

His first experience in school was under the labors of 
Mr. John Waters, a professional schoolmaster, at a period 
when a schoolmaster was what he always should be, a man 
of consideration. It was before the days of Webster and 
printed spelling books, and when the letters and elements 
were studied and taught from a horn-book. And thus was 
he initiated into these mysteries. The school-house, with 
its sharp roof and gable to the front, still holds its ground 
in North Market street, nearly opposite the stuccoed 
church of the Colonie, in this city. And the blood of 
John Waters the professional schoolmaster is still with 
.us, and running in the veins of some of our most worthy 
and respectable citizens. 

But the education of the young proprietor was to be 
provided for in a way which required his early removal 
from the side and hearth of his mother. This care de- 
volved on his grand-father ; and he was first placed by 
Mr. Livingston at a school in Elizabethtown, in New 
Jersey. When the stirring and troublous times of the 
revolution came on, Mr. Livingston was driven with his 
family from the city of New York, and took refuge at 
Kingston. Here, fortunately, he established a classical 
school, or academy, which attained no small celebrity 
under the direction of Mr. John Addison. Addison was 
a Scotchman, possessing the thorough scholarship of an 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 

educated man of his nation, and without any lack of the 
shrewdness and strong sense so apt to be found among his 
countrymen. He became a man of consideration in the 
state, and filled the office ot state senator about the be- 
ginning of the present century. Mr. Livingston, much 
absent from home himself on public affairs, caused his 
young charge to be domesticated in his own family, for 
the convenience of his attendance on the instruction of 
Addison. He acquired the elements of a classical educa-* 
tion at the Kingston Academy. The late venerable 
Abraham Van Vechten one of the noblest specimens of 
humanity which it has pleased God ever to create was 
his fellow-student at this school; and here was formed 
between the two a close and confidential intimacy and? 
frendship which death alone was able to interrupt. 

But the time soon came when it was necessary to supply 
the growing student with more ample advantages. The 
celebrated Dr. Witherspoon scholar, divine, patriot, and 
statesman had arrived in this country a few years before 
the revolution, and, taking charge of the college of New 
Jersey at Princeton as president, had raised the reputation 
of that Institution to a very high pitch. The revolution 
dispersed the students and broke up the college, and the 
learned and ardent Witherspoon, driven from academic 
shades, plunged into the business of the war. He, too, 
was a signer of the declaration. He was still in congress 
in 1779 ; but he had determined to retire at the close of 
that year, and resuscitate his beloved college. In the 
summer of that year congress instituted a commission, the 
members of which were to proceed northward to investi- 
gate, on the spot, the troubles to which the country was 
then subjected by the inhabitants of the New Hampshire 
grants. The doctor was in the North on this commission, 
and on his return, took, by arrangement, young Van 
Rensselaer with him, to make one of the few who should 
be gathered, in the autumn, under the wing of the re- 
animated college. Gen. Washington's Head Quarters 
were then in the Highlands, at New Windsor. Stony 
Point had just fallen into the hands of the enemy, who had 
also a footing in New Jersey. The worthy commissioner 



294 Life and Services of 

and his charge, received from the General the protection 
which the times required. Our student passed on his way 
to his first essay in college life, under a military escort. 
He was placed in the family of the Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Smith, the son-in-law of Dr. Witherspoon, and vice-presi- 
dent of the college, to whom the immediate care of conduct- 
ing the instruction of the institution was now committed. 
But New Jersey was not yet safe from the incursions of the 
enemy ; Princeton was still too near the seat of war ; and 
the next year it was thought advisable to remove the young 
collegian to the university at Cambridge, then, as now, a 
distinguished and leading school of the higher kind in the 
United States. Here, in 1782, in the nineteenth year of his 
age, with respectable attainments in the classical and other 
learning of the time, he took his first degree in letters as a 
bachelor of arts . It may be added, in this connection, that 
in 1825, he received from Yale College, a diploma con- 
ferring upon him the honorary degree of doctor of laws. 

The war of the revolution was ended in 1782, though 
peace was not proclaimed till the next year. Mr. Van 
Rensselaer was now at home, still two years under age, 
too late escaped from the university to put on armor for 
his country, without any motive to apply himself to the 
acquisition of professional learning of any sort, his estate 
yet under the guardianship and properly cared for ; and 
what was he to do ? The natural refuge of a young man 
thus situated, and no doubt as safe as any which he would 
be likely to take, was in matrimony. He was married, 
before he was twenty, at Saratoga, to Margaret, the third 
daughter of Gen. Philip Schuyler; and thus was he con- 
nected, by a near relationship, and one as it proved, of 
great confidence and affection, with another of those ex- 
traordinary men whose names so crowd and illumine the 
pages of our revolutionary history. 

His excellent mother, a discreet and exemplary Chris- 
tian, had, in 1775, united herself in marriage with the 
Rev. Dr. Eilardus Westerlo, an original Dutchman, a fine 
scholar, an eminent divine, and, at the time, and long be- 
fore and long after, the installed pastor of the Dutch 
Church in this city, where he preached in the Dutch Ian* 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 295 

guage for the first fifteen or twenty years of his ministry. 
The mother of Mr. Van Rensselaer still resided with her 
husband at the Manor House, at the time of his marriage ; 
but the ample Parsonage of the good Dominie in North 
Market street, was then unoccupied, and there he bestowed 
his bride, to await the period when, having attained his 
legal majority, he should take possession of his inherit- 
ance. When that time came, the proper exchange of domi- 
ciles took place between him and his mother. 

The occasion of his reaching the important age of 
twenty-one was celebrated with much of that kind of 
rousing observance, which, without being inappropriate, 
would have fitted more perfectly, perhaps, his relations as 
a landlord, if the event had transpired ten years earlier. 
But as it was, and changed as the political relations 
had become within that time, they were not to be re- 
strained from offering, on this event, the testimony of 
their joy, and their affection for his person, as if he 
was still, instead of being simply a contracting party with 
them in regard to their lands, as much their patroon and 
feudal superior, as his ancestor was of their fathers in 
the time of Petrus Stuyvesant. The tenantry were cer- 
tainly not as numerous, by any means, as they have since 
become; but such as they were, they poured in upon him 
from the extremes of the broad territory, nor did they leave 
him till they had done ample justice to the liberal cheer 
which he had provided for their entertainment. 

This event fairly disposed of, Mr. Van Rensselaer found 
it necessary to look somewhat critically after his interests 
in the manor. He was in possession of a very large landed 
interest, but one which could not be managed without 
great expense, and from which he found the returns not 
only moderate, but small. The interests of the country 
too, as well as his own. required that these lands should 
be cultivated. Comparatively few of them had yet been 
converted into farms. The revolution had just closed, 
and left the country poor. Speculators would buy lands 
as they always will but farmers, the laborious tillers 
of the soil, were unable, or unwilling, to contract for the 
fee. By offering leases in fee, or for long terms, at a very 



296 Life and Services of 

moderate rent sometimes hardly more than nominal 
Mr. Van Rensselaer succeeded readily, in bringing a large 
proportion of his lands, comprising the greater part of the 
present counties of Albany and Rensselaer, into cultiva- 
tion ; and thus securing to himself a valuable and compe- 
tent income. This policy once adopted by him, was never 
changed. Nor did he ever attempt, as he might easily 
have done, greatly to increase his current means derived 
from this source. The net returns from his lands never 
exceeded, probably, two, if they did one, per cent upon 
them, considered as a capital at a very moderate valua- 
tion. But finding himself in the receipt of a current in- 
come, large enough for his simple and unostentatious 
habits, and those of his family, with something liberal to 
spare for his charities, he was not only not desirous of 
adding to his wealth by enhancing his receipts, but he 
was positively and strenuously averse to such a course. 
He had none of that morbid appetite for wealth which 
grows ravenous by what it feeds on. And this it was, 
I have no doubt the strong disinclination to cumber 
himself with useless accumulations which led him to 
neglect improvements, suggested often by the interests of 
others, and on account of which, because he could not 
bring himself to feel and indulge that passion for profit 
and gain which consumed those around him, he was some- 
times subjected to heavy censures. 

Mr. Van Rensselaer received his first military commis- 
sion, as a major of infantry, in 1786; then at the age of 
twenty-two ; and he was promoted to the command of a 
regiment two years afterwards. In 1801, Gov. Jay 
directed the cavalry of the state to be formed into a sepa- 
rate corps, divided from the infantry to which the horse 
had before been attached. The cavalry formed a single 
division, with two brigades, and the command of the 
whole was conferred on Mr. Van Rensselaer. This com- 
mission of major general of cavalry he bore to his death. 

In presenting, as nearly as may be in the order of time, 
the events of this good man's life, I must not omit to 
mention one in this place, certainly of no inconsiderable, 
importance, if only considered as affecting our right judg* 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 297 

ment of his character. It was in the spring of 1787, 
when he was short of twenty-three years of age, in the 
vigor of manhood, just on the threshold of mature life, 
which sparkled brightly before him, with large posses- 
sions, and wealth enough to lay the world under contribu- 
tion for whatever it can afford to pamper appetite and 
passion, and supply the means of wanton and luxurious 
indulgence ; it was then, and under such circumstances, 
that he deliberately chose, by a formal profession of re- 
ligious faith, and a personal vow of religious obedience, 
according to the doctrines and discipline of the Christian 
church as adopted by the Dutch reformers, to pledge him- 
self to a life of temperance, simplicity, truth and purity. 
How well he kept his vow, is known to all who had occa- 
sion to observe him ; and how eminently he was blest in 
keeping it, was seen in all those quarters, where, I think 
the Christian is wont to look for the promise of the life 
tJiat now is in the calm and quiet of a peaceful existence, 
in domestic relations of the most tender, harmonious and 
beautiful character, and in a resigned, appropriate and 
happy death. 

Towards the close of the year 1787, the convention 
which sat at Philadelphia to frame the Federal Constitu- 
tion, terminated its labors, and submitted its work to the 
judgment of the people. All over the country a despe- 
rate conflict arose, and, no doubt, the fate of the republic 
was suspended on the issue. Mr. Van Rensselaer took 
ground promptly and decidedly in favor of the constitu- 
tion. In the spring of 1788, delegates to the state con- 
vention, which was to pass sentence of condemnation, or 
approval, on the constitution, in the name of New York, 
were to be chosen from the county of Albany. The anti- 
federal party, strong throughout the state, was particu- 
larly formidable here. This was the residence of YATES 
and LANSING, both popular and influential, and both of 
whom, having acted as delegates, had left the convention 
at Philadelphia before its labors were finished, and pub- 
lished a joint letter to the governor, setting forth their 
reasons for refusing to put their names to the constitution. 
That their counsels, and the counsels of those with whom 



98 Life and Services of 

they were associated politically, would prevail in this 
quarter of the state, on this important trial of the strength 
of parties, was hardly to be doubted. Yet were the friends 
of the constitution bound to make the effort, and, in so 
doing, to leave no part of their moral force out of the 
controversy. With this object, Mr. Van Rensselaer was 
solicited, and consented to stand as a candidate for the 
assembly, at the same election. The sway of anti-federal 
opinions and feelings at the period may be estimated from 
the fact that, with all his personal popularity and influ- 
ence already very great in the district he was beaten 
by an overwhelming majority. But popular majorities, 
even where the right of voting is restricted as it then was, 
are not always remarkable for their stability; and happy 
they should not be certainly when they chance to be in 
the wrong. 

The constitution having been adopted after a fearful 
struggle, the government was to be organized and put in 
full operation under it. Ground enough of difference in 
regard to it, was still left barely enough for parties to 
stand on ; but the popular mind began to sway strongly 
over to the side of the constitution. In the spring of 
the very next year, 1789, Mr. Van Rensselaer was again 
a candidate for the assembly, and was now carried into 
office by a majority nearly as great as that by which he 
had been before defeated. And now, having once got 
right, never was a constituency more steadfast to a faith- 
ful public servant. In the course of the next forty years 
after he had occasion often to try the strength of their 
attachment to him ; and on no occasion did the county of 
Albany, whether comprising more or less territory, and 
whether the elective privilege was less or more extended, 
ever desert him. 

The first session of the legislature, to which Mr. Van 
Rensselaer was now elected, was held in the summer, 
under the proclamation of the governor, for the special 
purpose of electing, for the first time, senators in congress. 
The same question which has since, and more than once, 
been agitated, respecting the mode of election, divided 
the councils of the state at that period. The federal party, 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 299 

and those who desired to clothe the federal government 
with all necessary strength and stability, insisted on a 
mode of election which would give the senate, equally with 
the popular branch of the legislature, a separate and inde- 
pendent action. Mr. Van Rensselaer was of this number. 
The anti-federal party preferred a mode of election, by 
joint ballot or otherwise, which should subject senators 
in congress more certainly to the popular will of the state, 
as it should be currently expressed in the annual elections 
to the assembly. The question to be sure was one grow- 
ing out of the language of the federal constitution, and 
therefore, a question of constitutional law: but men of 
different parties at that day, as well as at this, were wont 
to read the constitution through an atmosphere of their 
own, usually too much clouded to allow the light from any 
objects to pass through it in straight lines ; hence of course 
they read it differently, and not unfrequently, both sides 
read it wrong. The legislature on this occasion separated 
without settling on any mode of electing senators except 
for itself; senators were elected by the joint resolution 
of the two houses. 

Mr. Van Rensselaer was now fairly embarked in politi- 
cal life. The next spring 1790 he was elected to the 
senate of the state, from the western senatorial district. 
When we look over this state, and see what the icest now 
is, we hardly know how to credit the fact that, within so 
few years, the county of Albany, on the North river, was 
one of the western counties of the state. In the spring 
of 1794, the same senator from the same western dis- 
trict was re-elected. He was a member of the senate from 
his first election down to 1795. In the whole of this4egis- 
lative period, he was a faithful, vigilant, highly influential 
and useful member. There were few standing committees 
at that period; but he was from the first, and always, a 
member of one or more of these, and always of the most 
important. 

In the second year of his senatorial services, 1792, par- 
ties were thrown into a prodigious ferment by certain 
proceedings of the state canvassers, in regard to a portion 
of the votes taken at the gubernatorial election of that 



300 Life and Services of 

year. Mr. Jay and Mr. Clinton had been the opposing 
candidates. The popular voice had declared itself, by a 
moderate majority, in favor of Mr. Jay; but the can- 
vassers found some informalities, and legal difficulties, 
which induced them, by a party vote, to reject the returns 
from three counties, by which Mr. Jay's majority was lost, 
and Mr. Clinton was declared elected. When the legisla- 
ture met in the autumn, petitions were poured in upon it 
from the people, and a legislative investigation was had. 
It appeared in testimony, that the rejected ballots had at 
first been regularly deposited in appropriate boxes in the 
record- room of the office of the secretary of state; and 
that afterwards, without consent obtained at the office, 
Mr. Thomas Tillotson, a state senator, and one of the 
canvassers, in the presence however of several of his fel- 
lows, took from their place of deposit among the archives 
of the state, the boxes containing the rejected ballots, and 
committed them to the flames. However pure the motives 
for an act of this sort, the act itself was not one which 
was likely to meet the approbation of the pure and single 
minded Van Rensselaer. His scornful reprobation of the 
part enacted by Mr. Tillotson, uttered in no equivocal 
terms, brought him into a personal collison with that 
gentleman, which was likely to put his life, or his reputa- 
tion, or both, into imminent hazard. But those who 
attempted to deal with him had quite mistaken the temper 
of the man. Though one of the mildest of men in his 
ordinary demeanor, he was yet one of the firmest. He 
was the last person on earth to be moved by intimidations. 
Being in the right, or thinking himself so, he would allow 
nothing to be wrung from him which would abate, by a 
feather's weight, the full moral force of the language he 
lad used. Happily, this admirable firmness, with the 
steadiness and quiet which distinguished his manner, when 
most pressed upon by difficulties and danger, saved him 
from an abyss into which, no doubt, the least wavering or 
trepidation would have plunged him. 

When the next election for Governor approached, in 
1795, Mr. Jay was again placed in nomination, and, with 
him, Mr. Van Rensselaer was nominated for Lt. Govern- 



Stephen Fan Rensselaer. 301 

or. The circumstances under which Mr, Clinton had 
served, as governor, during the current term, were deemed 
by his party, such as to render unwise his renomination 
at the present time. Mr. Yates and Mr. Floyd were the 
opposing candidates. Mr. Jay and Mr. Van Rensselaer 
were elected by handsome majorities. In 1798, both were 
renominated, and both reelected, to the same offices. On 
this occasion, Chancellor Livingston was Mr. Jay's op- 
ponent only very lately his strong friend, political as 
well as personal. The Lt. Governor had no opposing 
candidate. He was named universally throughout the 
state, by the anti-federalists, on their ticket with Chancel- 
lor Livingston. The design was to detach him, if possi- 
ble, after the example of the chancellor, from the federal 
party, and from the support of Gov. Jay. No doubt it 
was in his power to have given to the chancellor and his 
friends a complete triumph. It is probable that no one 
individual in the state, at the period, carried with him a 
greater personal influence and sway. So desirable was it 
deemed to secure him, or at least to make the people be- 
lieve he was secured that the chancellor's party did not 
hesitate to employ the fact before the electors, though 
without the least warrant, as if it had been true. Of course,, 
he took the most prompt and effectual measures, to dis- 
abuse the public mind on a point of so much importance.. 
I will not hesitate, on an occasion like this, and when, 
dealing with matters of great historical interest, to say 
what I think. I think, then, that New York has never 
seen so pure an administration of its government, as that 
which was conducted by Mr. Jay. I think this is already 
the settled verdict of an enlightened public sentiment. 
He could not have had, during the six years of his ad- 
ministration, a purer, or more worthy coadjutor than Lt. 
Governor Van Rensselaer. Never could there have been, 
or could there be, a moral spectacle of higher beauty, than 
was seen in the lofty and universal harmonies of thought 
and intent, of feelings, character and purposes the per- 
fect blending of harmonious colors, till nothing was visible 
but the white light of truth and integrity when the hon- 
est and true-hearted Huguenot, and the honest and true- 
26 



302 Life and Services of 

hearted Dutchman united to administer the government 
of a free people. 

It is not surprising then, when the community such of 
them as were attached to the administration and princi- 
ples of Gov. Jay came to look after a fit person to be his 
successor, that all eyes should have rested on the lieu- 
tenant governor. In January, 1801, a large body of the 
most respectable freeholders,, from various and distant 
parts of the state, assembled ait the Tontine Coffee House 
in Albany, and unanimously named Mr. Van Rensselaer 
as their candidate for Governor at the ensuing election. 
How he received this mark of public approbation and 
esteem, and with what difficulty his acceptance was finally 
obtained, appears from the publications of the time. His 
opponents, for lack of better matter, took serious excep- 
tions, if not to him, to his party, because he had given to 
the invitation, more than once, a positive refusal. His 
nomination was enthusiastically seconded in the city of 
New York, and in public meetings held in every quarter 
of the state. His election was advocated everywhere by 
his friends, on grounds which shewed that his charac- 
ter, young as he was, was already developed, and was 
thoroughly understood and appreciated. His competent 
acquaintance with the interests and business of the state ; 
his tried and reliable judgment ; his unconquerable firm- 
ness; his decision and energy in emergencies; his purity; 
his many virtues ; his retiring and domestic habits ; his 
humility; his urbane and gentle manners these were the 
qualities attributed to him by his friends, and in no case 
denied by his opponents. The rage of party politics was 
becoming extreme, and in their rancor, poisoned the blood 
of friends and families, and seemed ready, vulture-like, to 
tear the vitals of the republic. He was the man so at 
least his friends thought above any other man of the 
period the man of peace fitted to soften the asperities, 
to reconcile the enmities and calm the turbulent agitations 
of the time. If his opponents thought differently, they 
scarcely ventured to say so. They thought he was rich, 
and that those with whom he had business relations 
would be likely to vote for him, and hence they thought 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 303 

the genuineness of his republican principles was fairly to 
be doubted this they thought, and this they ventured to 
say. But I should do a great wrong to the party opposed 
to him, if I should leave it to be inferred that he was 
defeated on such grounds or that I supposed so. Mr. 
Clinton, after having been laid aside for six years, was 
now brought forward as his opposing candidate. Mr. 
Clinton was popular, and there was much in his character 
and history to make him deservedly so. But besides this, 
the republican party in which the anti-federalists were 
now merged had acquired prodigious strength from the 
serious apprehensions which were felt in the country on 
account of some of the measures, and the apparent tenden- 
cies of the federal government in the course of the last 
four years. In the midst of the campaign in this state, 
the election of Mr. Jefferson to the presidency was art*- 
nounced; the fate of parties in this state was decided, 
and decided for a long time to come. Mr. Van Rensselaer 
was defeated, by a majority of a little less than four 
thousand votes. 

With this defeat, Mr. Van Rensselaer's official service 
in the civil departments of the government with a single 
exception, to which I shall advert directly was ended for 
several years. I feel certain that, on his own account, he 
was very far from regretting this discomfiture. It left 
him, as it chanced, the very leisure and quiet, which he 
needed. It was in the month of March of this year, and 
while the election canvass was going on most actively and 
virulently, that he was called to part with the companion 
and wife of his youth. How sensibly he was affected 
by it, I have reason to know, when nearly thirty years 
afterwards, he referred to this event in a very touching 
manner, and with many tears, poured his generous sym- 
pathy into the bosom of a friend under similar bereave- 
ment. By his first marriage, he had three children, one 
of whom only his eldest son survives. 

In October, 1801, a state convention met at Albany to 
consider and revise the constitution, in regard to two 
specified subjects. One of these subjects was the proper 
construction to be given to the twenty-third article of the 



304 Life and Services of 

constitution, which established the old council of appoint- 
ment. A violent party controversy had arisen in Mr. 
Jay's time, concerning the right of nomination. It was 
claimed by the governor, from precedent and otherwise, 
to belong exclusively to him; the members of the council 
challenged an equal right to make nominations. The 
convention was called mainly to determine this question, 
and, having a strong party character, was regarded as 
having been instructed to reverse the doctrine and decision 
of the governor. The subject of our memoir was a mem- 
ber of this body, and was opposed to the majority. Col. 
Burr was the president, but Mr. Van Rensselaer presided 
during much the greater part of the deliberation, as chair- 
man of the committee of the whole. 

In May, 1802, Mr. Van Rensselaer formed an appropri- 
ate, and highly fortunate and happy matrimonial union 
with Cornelia, only daughter of the late William Patter- 
son, a distinguished citizen of New Jersey, and one of the 
judges of the supreme court of the United States. This 
excellent lady, and nine children of the marriage, survive 
the husband and father. Delicacy would forbid my saying 
more of the living than concerns the just memory of the 
dead. These children are all of an age to have developed 
already their individual characters ; and to those who, 
like myself, believe that the characters of children, as a 
general thing are just what they are educated to be at 
the domestic board, they afford the most satisfactory and 
gratifying proof that the example, instruction and influ- 
ence of the parents have been worthy of all approbation. 

In 1807, the subject of our notice was elected to the 
Assembly, and with him, as a colleague, his early and 
tried friend, Abraham Van Vechten. They were elected 
and served together in the Assembly for three successive 
years. 

In 1810, he was called to a new and distinguished ser- 
vice. In March of that year, a commission was instituted 
by the Legislature, for exploring a route for a western 
canal; and then was laid the foundation of that great 
system of internal improvements by which New York has 
so much signalised herself. Seven persons composed the 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 305 

commission though all, I think, did not act. Mr. Van 
Rensselaer's was the second name; the first was that of 
Governor Morris ; Mr. Clinton was one of the number, 
In the summer of this year, these gentlemen, accompanied 
by a surveyor, personally inspected and explored the route 
of a canal from the Hudson to Erie. They traveled for 
the most part on horseback ; not always without serious 
difficulty and much deprivation, from the uncultivated 
state of the country ; sometimes they made the canopy 
their covering and shelter for the night. They made their 
report in February, 181 1. Mr. Van Rensselaer was in the 
Assembly when the project of this commission was first 
agitated, and, startling as the idea was to most men at that 
day, he entered warmly and heartily into the measure and 
contributed materially to its success, by his exertions and 
influence. From the earliest period, he was the unwaver- 
ing and efficient friend of the Erie canal. 

The favorable report made by the commissioners on 
this occasion, drawn by Mr. Morris, with consummate 
ability, and yet not without great defects, gave an impulse 
to the canal project which it never wholly lost, though it 
shortly after suffered interruption by the intervention of 
the war. In April, 1811, the legislature again acted on 
the project, by raising a commission to consider " of all 
matters relating to inland navigation." Mr. Van Rensse- 
laer was still one of the commissioners. It was proposed 
by this commission, to enlist congress, and as far as possi- 
ble the states individually, to contribute their aid and 
support to the work the scheme which, most happily, 
completely failed. In March, 1812, the commisioners 
reported, and appealed strongly and eloquently to the 
pride of New York, to construct the canal, from her own 
resources, and on her own account. The appeal was so 
far effectual, that the legislature, in June, authorized 
them to borrow five millions of dollars, on the credit of 
the state, for the prosecution of the enterprise. The war 
occurring just then, the project slept for nearly four years. 

The war with Great Britain was declared in June, 1812. 
This occurrence brought with it the great crisis in the 
public life of our worthy and distinguished fellow citizen. 



306 Life and Services of 

The country was without any adequate preparation for 
the conflict," a state of things which, from the necessity of 
our political condition and the frame of our institutions, 
must always exist, I apprehend, whenever, and as often as 
we may be driven to make our appeal to arms. Such at 
any rate, was the case now. Gen. Dearborn had been as- 
signed to the command of the Northern frontier, with some 
undigested designs upon Canada. He established his head 
quarters at Greenbush, as being on the, open and natural 
military route to the enemy's territory, by way of Lake 
Champlain. But there was a great deficiency of troops 
for any offensive operations. A regular army, of much 
magnitude, is not to be recruited and disciplined for ser- 
vice, in such a country as ours, without time. And hence 
the necessity in all such cases of a resort to the militia. 
The first reliance for defence, at least, if not for conquest, 
must be upon citizen soldiers. A requisition was made 
on Gov. Tompkins, to order into immediate service a con- 
siderable body of New York militia. The patriot governor 
promptly obeyed there quisition, and selected Major Gen- 
eral STEPHEN VAN RENSSELAER for the command. 

The public relations between these two individuals 
were peculiar, and deserve to be stated. They were al- 
ready regarded as rival candidates for the chief magistracy 
of the state at the next spring's election the friends of 
the General having already named him for that office in 
their own circles. The lines of party, too, were now very 
distinctly drawn, and it was the war that was made to 
divide them. The federalists were charged by their op- 
ponents, not only with being hostile to the war as having 
been both premature and unnecessary, but also with dis- 
positions and designs averse to its vigorous or successful 
prosecution. Gen. Van Rensselaer was a federalist, and 
about to become the candidate of the federal party for the 
office of governor, and to him, therefore, without any ex- 
press declaration to the contrary, might, perhaps, with an 
equal show of justice, be attributed the same unpatriotic 
and odious sentiments which were imputed to the great 
body of his friends. Without any desire, or attempt, to 
penetrate the motives which led to the selection of the 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 307 

general for command under such circumstances, and ad- 
mitting that they might have been good and even gener- 
ous, it is easy to see that, personally, the general was placed 
in a position of extreme embarrassment and hazard, and 
that results of great political importance might flow from 
any determination he might make. If he should decline 
the command, the proof of a culpable defection, against 
both him and his party, would be complete. On the other 
hand, considering his own inexperience in the trade and 
business of war, the impracticable materials he had to deal 
with, and the very extraordinary extent of exposed and 
defenceless territory committed to his immediate military 
care and keeping being no less than the entire " North- 
ern and Western frontiers of the state between St. Regis 
and Pennsylvania"* considering these things, and con- 
sidering, too, how often misfortune alone, in warlike 
operations, though accompanied with unexceptionable 
conduct, brings with it the most thorough disgrace, we 
can not help seeing that his acceptance of this command 
must subject him personally, to a fiery ordeal, from which 
he might escape unharmed, and possibly with a burnished 
and brighter fame, but where the chances were fearfully 
prevalent that he would be utterly consumed. 

But the noble-minded man did not for an instant hesi- 
tate, when the question was between a probable sacrifice 
of himself, and a possible service of great value rendered 
to his country within the line of his admitted duty. What 
ever might be the views of other federalists, his own were 
sound and thoroughly patriotic. It was his country that 
called him to the field, and that was a voice which he 
could never disobey. Nor was he a loiterer, or a laggard. 
In an incredibly short time, after receiving the order, he 
had formed, with excellent and ready judgment, his mili- 
tary family, thrown off the citizen and put on the soldier, 
and, having taken a hasty leave of the domestic circle at 
the Manor House from which he parted under circum- 
stances of the most delicate and tender interest he took 
up his line of march for the frontier. In ten days only 
from the date of his orders, we find him at Ogdensburgh, 

* General Orders of the Commander-in-Chief July 13, 1812. 



308 Life and Services of 

having visited and inspected the post at Sackett's Harbor, 
on his way. On the 13th of August, he was in the camp 
at Lewiston just one month from the date of the call 
that had been made upon him; and just two months from 
that day on the 13th of October in one of the most 
gallant and brilliant affairs of the whole war, he carried 
his victorious arms into the enemy's territory, and planted 
the American flag triumphantly on the Heights of Queens- 
town. Unhappily, it was a triumph of brief duration. 
He gained a complete and glorious victory; sufficient, if 
maintained, as it might have been, to have secured the 
peninsula of the upper province of Canada for the winter, 
as a conquest to the American arms ; but a victory lost 
as soon as won by the shameful cowardice and defection 
of his troops. 

I can not, in this place, enter into a history of this 
campaign, or of the brilliant, but finally disastrous affair 
with which it closed. The abundant materials are already 
before his countrymen, from which their judgment, and 
that of posterity, will be made up. There, I think, with 
perfect security, may his friends rest his claims as a mili- 
tary commander. His merits in this respect will brighten, 
as the current of time runs on, and wears away the error, 
the envy and the prejudice o'f the day. It is the soldier's 
hard task to conquer difficuties, as well as enemies. He 
did it. It would not be easy to find another instance, in 
which an army has been gathered created I may say 
and formed into a well-trained and well-disciplined corps, 
fit for active and efficient service, in so brief a space of 
time, with such wretched materials, undei: such adverse 
and discouraging circumstances, and where there was such 
an utter destitution of appropriate and necessary means. 
The plan, too, which he projected, for bringing the brief 
campaign to a brilliant close, the moment that he found 
himself possessed of an army by which he proposed to 
conquer and possess himself of an extensive border terri- 
tory of the enemy ; cut off the forces of the enemy in the 
upper country, just flushed with victory, from all commu- 
nication with the lower country; wipe out the disgrace 
with which the American arms had been already tarnished 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 309 

in that quarter ; procure winter lodgings for his soldiers 
in the comfortable dwellings of a British town, easily and 
safely accessible with all kinds of supplies ; and be ready, 
in the spring, to begin a new campaign, with superior and 
eminent advantages already secured a plan perfectly 
practicable, with reliable troops not only justifiable at 
the time he formed it, but positively justified by every 
thing that subsequently transpired this plan must forever 
commend itself to the approval and admiration of his 
countrymen, as having been formed with the discretion, 
the judgment and the skill of a master in the trade of war. 
I allude, here, to his enterprise originally planned, by 
which Fort George would have been stormed by the regu- 
lar troops, while he should have carried the heights, and 
by which, at one blow, the conquest of the peninsula 
would have been complete an enterprise which certainly 
failed only for want of cooperation, where cooperation 
was due by every consideration of patriotism and honor. 

In regard to the enterprise, which he actually attempted, 
and which formed only a part of the original design, there 
is little hazard, at this time of day, in saying, that it was 
perfectly feasible, well devised, and skillfully executed. It 
was, moreover, as an enterprize, completely successful. 
With a mere handful of men, the heights were carried early 
in the morning, under the direction of his aid, the brave 
Col. Solomon Van Rensselaer; and they remained in his 
possession till late in the afternoon of that day. The po- 
sition was one that was easily defensible, and he had 
within trumpet-call men enough, twice or thrice over, to 
have maintained it, and put at defiance any force with 
which the enemy might or could have assailed him. And 
yet, after all this, he must see his victory turned into de- 
feat and his triumph into disaster, by the shameful refusal 
of his yeoman soldiery, under the plea of constitutional 
scruples, to march into the safe camp that had already 
been won for them on the other side of the lines ! 

The official account of this affair, furnished by the com- 
manding general the next day after its occurrence, was 
strongly characteristic of the man. It was a simple and 
unvarished relation of facts and events; the truth was 



310 Life and Services of 

plainly told; but no complaint was made, no reproaches 
were uttered. His own duty had been done, and fear- 
lessly and faithfully done ; and with perfect equanimity 
and confidence he submitted himself to the judgment of 
his country. He expressed regrets on her account, but he 
intimated none whatever on his own. 

In the sequel of this severe and sanguinary conflict, 
the general found occasion for the exercise of that sym- 
pathizing and generous kindness by which he was so much 
distinguished; and he seems to have met in the British 
General Sheaffe, a corresponding temper. On one side, 
General Brock had fallen ; on the other, Col. Van Rensse- 
laer was desperately wounded; and there were other 
brave spirits on both sides, who had shared the fate of 
one or the other of these. A cessation of all hostile 
demonstrations was agreed upon. For six days, the 
throat of brazen war was closed, while, with the tender of 
mutual services, the parties on either side proceeded to 
discharge the offices of humanity due to the living, and 
pay to the dead the appropriate tribute and ceremonies 
of respect. General Sheaffe offered every thing his camp 
could afford to promote the comfort of the wounded 
Colonel Van Rensselaer. General Van Rensselaer in- 
formed his antagonist that he should order a salute to 
be fired at his camp, and also at Fort Niagara, on the 
occasion of the funeral solemnities of the brave and la- 
mented Brock. "I feel too strongly," said the stern but 
afflicted Gen. Sheaffe, " the generous tribute which you 
propose to pay to my departed friend and chief, to be able 
to express the sense I entertain of it. Noble-minded as 
he was, so would he have done himself." 

With the campaign just referred to, closed the services 
of Gen. Van Rensselaer in the field. The next spring, 
1813, the gubernatorial election was to come on, when 
the contest for power in the state between him and Gov. 
Tompkins, or rather between their respective parties, was 
to be decided. The General's friends shewed that, in his 
. briefmilitary career, he had lost none of the high consi- 
deration and confidence with which they had been used 
to regard him by placing him promptly, and with great 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 311 

unanimity, in open nomination as their candidate for the 
chair of state ; and when the time came, they gave him a 
hearty support. But his party was found to be, as it had 
long been, in a minority. He was defeated, but with a 
majority against him of only 3600, out of eighty- three 
thousand votes which had been cast in the canvass. 

With no disquieting ambition for political distinction, 
and a candidate for high office at any time, only by a re- 
luctant submission to the will and judgment of his friends, 
Gen. Van Rensselaer was not a man to feel any regrets 
on his own account, for defeat at an election canvass. In 
his own affairs, in his own family, and in the secret oppor- 
tunities which he was always seeking for the practice of 
benevolence, he had resources enough for the agreeable 
and useful occupation of all his time. 

During all the period of the war, it should be remem- 
bered, that the commission which had been instituted for 
the promotion of internal improvement, by a great canal, 
and of which he was a member, continued in existence, 
the war was no sooner ended, than measures were taken 
to revive the subject, and the interest which had been felt 
in it. A memorial, on the subject, of great ability, drawn 
by Mr. Clinton, was presented to the legislature of 1816, 
and in March of the same year, the commissioners, with 
Mr. Van Rensselaer at their head and acting as chairman, 
presented their report, setting forth the difficulties which 
had been interposed to prevent the execution of the trusts 
confided to them four years before, and urging the legisla- 
ture to renew the authority, to adopt immediate measures 
for the prosecution of the enterprise. In April, 1816, the 
law was passed by the legislature, which authorized and 
directed this great work to be entered upon; and the ma- 
nagement and execution of it were committed to a board 
of canal commissioners, of whom as usual Gen. Van 
Rensselaer was one. From that period down to his death, 
he was a member of that body, and he was the president 
of the board for nearly fifteen years from April, 1824, 
when the name of his friend, the great Clinton, was struck 
from the roll of commissioners. In the spring of 1816, he 
was again, and for the last time, elected to the assembly 



3 1 2 Life and Servic es of 

of the state ; and his presence and influence in that body 
in the session of 1817, were especially useful as affecting 
those immense interests as yet but little understood, 
much abused and contemned, and most violently opposed 
which belonged to the canals, and the system of inter- 
nal improvements, then in the extremest weakness of their 
infancy. 

I shall have occasion directly to advert more particu- 
larly to the important services rendered by General Van 
Rensselaer to the cause of learning and education ; and I 
will simply refer, therefore, in this place, as being in the 
proper order of time, to the official connection which he 
had with our state system of public instruction. In 
March, 1819, he was elected by the legislature a regent of 
the State University, and at the time of his death he was 
the chancellor, having been elevated to that station, on 
the decease of the late venerable Simeon De Witt, in 1835. 

In 1821, the present constitution of this state was 
formed. In the progress of time, since the old constitu- 
tion was framed, ideas were found to have advanced also. 
Changes were deemed necessary, as well to meet a con- 
dition of things in some respects new, as to satisfy the 
demands of a generation which thought itself and should 
have been, if it was not wiser than that which had pre- 
ceded it. But wherever the spirit of reform is abroad 
and active, and speculations and theories in matters of 
government are broached freely, and councils are to be 
held with a view to giving body and effect to the concep- 
tions of ardent minds, it is not unimportant to secure the 
presence and assistance of a few men of conservative 
tempers and habits, in order to make sure, if possible, 
that the deep foundations of things shall not be wholly 
broken up, nor the moral elements of society utterly dis- 
sipated and destroyed. In the convention of 1821, a few 
spirits of this sort were gathered, and of these, by no 
means the less valuable among them, was Stephen Van 
Rensselaer. He brought with him there, his character 
one of uncommon purity ; his experience not now incon- 
siderable ; his steadfastness of principle ; his notions of 
men and things descended from old schools, but fashioned 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 313 

and modernized in the new j his excellent strong sense, 
and his judgment of almost intuitive accuracy and sound- 
ness; and with such qualifications, without being accus- 
tomed either to write much or debate much, it would be 
hard to say if there was another member of the conven- 
tion, among all the great and good names that belonged to 
it, who was more valuable, or more indispensable than 
himself, if the business of that body was to be brought 
to a safe and happy conclusion. 

In considering the doings of that convention, it is evi- 
dent that nothing, in all the various business undertaken 
by it, was equal in magnitude of interest to the single 
question in regard to the right of suffrage. Here the 
firm foundations both of government and of freedom 
were to be laid; while the danger was that, at this very 
point, if not sufficiently guarded, a flood might be let in to 
sweep both government and freedom away in ruins. Mr. 
Van Rensselaer was one of the committee appointed to 
consider and report on this momentous subject. He dis- 
sented from the report made to the convention by a 
majority of the committee, and he submitted to the con- 
vention a proposition of his own, as a substitute for the 
report, which he accompanied with some remarks, briefly; 
explanatory of his views and apprehensions on this great 
question. 

It must be remembered, that up to this period, none but 
freeholders had been allowed to vote for the higher offi- 
cers of government. Not only had a property qualification 
been adopted, but retaining the old notions, evidently of 
feudal origin, respecting the superior value and sacred- 
ness of landed possessions, the former constitution of 
the state had thrown the higher and most important 
branches of the government exclusively into the hands of 
the landed interest. Mr. Van Rensselaer was the largest 
landed proprietor in the state, and he had inherited his 
interest in the soil originally from a feudal source, and 
held it by a feudal title ; but he was an enlightened and 
patriotic citizen of a free state, and, as such, he was, 
ready to take his chance with others under the protection 
of a government essentially popular and free. He had no 
27 



314 Life and Services of 

difficulty whatever in agreeing to the propriety of at once 
abolishing the old distinctions between landed and personal 
property as affecting the higher rights of citizenship, and 
making the qualification of electors for all the officers of 
government equal and uniform. And he was equally 
ready to abandon the notion of a property qualification 
of any sort for electors. He agreed perfectly to the prin- 
ciple which was the one professedly adopted by his col- 
leagues of the committee that those who really contribute 
to the support and the defence of the government, should 
make the government. So far he was willing and anxious 
to go ; but here he would stop. He insisted upon guard- 
ing the principle strictly, by limiting the privilege to such 
as should seem to have something of the character and 
fixedness and stability in their residence, and their attach- 
ment to the state, and he was entirely unwilling to extend 
this privilege to use his own expression to "a wander- 
ing population, men who are no where to be found when 
the enemy, or the tax-gatherer comes." Believing that, 
in pushing a theory into details, the committee would 
violate the maxims of a sound and practical policy, by 
some of their propositions, he felt himself bound to dis- 
sent from the conclusions of their report. He conducted 
his opposition, before the convention, as he had done in 
committee, in his own direct and manly way; and pre- 
senting a distinct amendment of his own, he exerted him- 
self to induce the convention to place the right of suffrage 
on a ground, at once, according to his opinions, of great 
liberality and of perfect safety. But his opinions were 
not the opinions of the majority of the convention, and 
his efforts, and the efforts of those with whom he was 
more immediately associated, though not without their 
strong and salutary influence, were in the main unsuccess- 
ful. After a long and laborious session, the new consti- 
tution was adopted by the convention. There had been 
other subjects of disagreement, of great magnitude and 
importance, among the members; and Mr. Van Rensselaer 
with twenty-two others, declined to give their assent and 
sanction to the instrument, by putting their names to it. 
In 1819, the legislature of this state was induced, 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 315 

through the exertions of a number of disinterested and 
patriotic gentlemen, among whom was Mr. Van Rensse- 
laer, to pass an act for the encouragement and improve- 
ment of agriculture. A sum of money was appropriated, 
to be divided rateably among the several counties of the 
state ; county societies were to be formed with the proper 
officers ; and the presidents of these societies, or delegates 
instead of the presidents from such of them as should 
choose to elect them, were to form a central board of ag- 
riculture. Such was the outline of the proposed organ- 
ization. In January, 1820, the presidents, or delegates, 
from twenty-six county societies, already organized, met 
at the Capitol in Albany, and elected Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer president of the board. The life of this board of 
agriculture was made a very brief one by law, and when 
the legal limit was out, it was suffered to expire. It lasted 
long enough, however, to demonstrate the inappreciable 
value of legislative aid and encouragement to the agricul- 
tural interest ; and it raised to itself an enduring and no- 
ble monument, by the publication of three very valuable 
volumes of Transactions and Memoirs. 

Each of the first two volumes of the board, contains, 
amongst other things, a very curious and remarkable pa- 
per. These papers present a complete view of the geolo- 
gical and agricultural features of the counties of Albany 
and Rensselaer, as gathered from accurate and minute 
surveys, and from actual and extensive analyses. They 
are the reports of distinguished scientific gentlemen, em- 
ployed, exclusively at the expense of the president of the 
board of agriculture, to make the examinations and sur- 
veys, the results of which are here embodied. It was be- 
lieved then, and it is believed now, that these were the 
first attempts made in this country, "to collect and arrange 
geological facts, with a direct view to the improvement of 
agriculture." The time, perhaps, has not even yet come, 
when the incalculable advantages of such a labor are 
generally appreciated ; but I express only my humble and 
sober conviction, when I say, that in the example of these 
attempts, and their success followed up as they will be in 
time, to swell the profits and increase the business and the 



316 ' Life and Services of 

benefits of agriculture, and withal to connect this em- 
ployment with better knowledge, and a competent degree 
of scientific attainment, in the cultivators of the soil he 
has rendered a higher service to his country, than if he 
had been the man to win twenty hard-fought battles for 
her in a just and necessary war. 

The laws for the encouragement of agriculture expired, 
as I have said, by their own limitation ; and all attempts 
to revive them from that day to this strange that it 
should be so have proved utterly unavailing. But Mr. 
Van Rensselaer, though without any convenient society, 
or board of agriculture, under cover of whose name he 
might pursue his plans for the benefit of the state, had 
only just now entered on a series of extraordinary efforts 
and experiments for the advancement of science, of educa- 
tion, and the public prosperity, which he afterwards pro- 
secuted with equal perseverance and effect. After the 
surveys of the counties of Albany and Rensselaer had been 
completed, under his direction, presenting, besides a view 
of their geological formation, a thorough analysis of their 
soils, in all their principal varieties on a plan new at the 
time, and since extensively approved and employed and 
accompanied, particularly in the survey of Rensselaer 
county, with a view of the proper methods of culture 
adapted to the various soils ; and after he had caused the 
surveys to be published, at his own cost, in a separate and 
convenient form, for extensive and gratuitous distribution ; 
he next turned his attention to a more extended scientific 
survey to be carried through the entire length of the state 
on the line of the Erie canal. This was commenced and 
prosecuted, under his orders, in the fall of 1822, by Pro- 
fessor Amos Eaton, aided by two competent assistants. 
The next year, by the direction of his patron, the work 
was resumed, and the survey greatly extended. The 
truth seems to be, that, although the surveys of Albany 
and Rensselaer counties were made, at the time, with an 
avowed and more immediate reference to the interests of 
agriculture, yet they were not, even then, unconnected 
with a plan which had been formed for offering a large 
and generous contribution to the science of geology. This 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 317 

plan embraced a particular examination of the strata and 
formation of American rocks, by the survey of a transverse 
section, running across the great primitive ranges of New 
England, and the transition and secondary ranges of 
eastern and western New York. With the experience ob- 
tained in the local examinations already referred to, and 
a partial review of the Erie canal line, Professor Eaton 
completed, in 1823, his grand survey. His section extend- 
ed from Boston to Lake Erie, a distance of about five 
hundred and fifty miles, stretching across nine degrees of 
longitude, and embracing a belt about fifty miles wide. 
At the same time, Prof. Hitchcock was employed to make 
a similar survey of a section across New England, a few 
miles north of that 'taken by Prof. Eaton. In 1824, a 
publication was made, containing the results of these sur- 
veys, with maps exhibiting a profile view of the rocks in 
each of the sections. It is not, I believe, to be doubted, 
that this work presents a connected view of mineral mass- 
es, with their nature and order, taken from actual in- 
spection and survey, of greater extent than had ever before 
been offered to geology. Discoveries were made, and a 
mass of facts was gathered, which could not fail, as they 
did not, to arouse and quicken enquiry and investigation, 
and contribute essentially and largely to advance geologi- 
cal science. Attention was strongly attracted, both in 
this country and in Europe, to the very creditable and 
faithful labors of Prof. Eaton, prosecuted under |fce direc- 
tion of his munificent patron ; and this example it was, 
unquestionably, which has led, at last, to the adoption in 
several of the states, and this among the number, of plans 
for exploring their territories at the public expense, in 
search of scientific facts, and of the mineral riches, and 
other substances of economical value, to be found upon or 
beneath the surface of their respective portions of the 
earth. 

But the crowning effort of this good man's life whoa 
we have now followed on, in his career, to his three score 
years remains to be noticed. It was an effort in behalf 
of the dearest interest of his country, and of mankind ; it 
was an effort to advance the cause of education, and hu- 



318 Life and Services of 

man improvement. He had satisfied himself that there 
were great defects in the ordinary and prevalent systems 
of instruction; at any rate he saw that some of the most 
useful subjects of human knowledge were scarcely com- 
municated at all, in quarters where they seemed most 
needed for the practical purposes of life ; and he determined 
that the proper remedy, if possible, should be applied. 

His first movement was to employ Prof. Eaton, with a 
competent number of assistants, to traverse the state, on 
or near the route of the Erie canal, with sufficient appa- 
ratus, specimens and the like, and deliver, in all the prin- 
cipal villages and towns where an audience of business 
men, or others could be gathered, familiar lectures, accom- 
panied with experiments and illustrations, on chemistry, 
natural philosophy, and some or 'all of the branches of 
natural history. This scientific and educational progress 
through the state, was made in the summer of 1824, at the 
patron's cost ; inconsiderable contributions only having 
been made in the villages where lectures were delivered. 
The experiment was entirely successful ; a prodigious in- 
terest in behalf of natural science had been excited; and 
the patron was encouraged to prosecute a plan of opera- 
tions which he had meditated for a considerable time. 

He had long been accustomed to send the schoolmaster 
abroad among the poorer portions of his numerous tenant- 
ry; and he had been led to observe, as the result of these 
experiments having been obliged to employ persons, for 
this service, of very slender qualifications, for want of 
better that the improvement of the masters, as a general 
thing, was much more considerable than that of their pu- 
pils. It was from this hint, that he was led to consider, 
and finally to digest, a plan for a school, the leading fea- 
ture of which should be, that the learner should himself 
take the place, and perform the regular duties, of teacher 
or instructor, in all the business and exercises of the 
school. Securing, in this way, as he believed he should, 
the most ready and thorough improvement of the students, 
he proposed that the chief business of the school should 
be to furnish instruction " in the application of science to 
the common purposes of life." He declared one of his 






Stephen Van Rensselaer. 319 

principal objects to be " to qualify teachers for instructing 
the sons and daughters of mechanics, in the application 
of experimental chemistry, philosophy, and natural histo- 
ry, to agriculture, domestic economy, and the arts and 
manufactures." 

On the 5th of November, 1824, having provided a suita- 
ble building at Troy, and employed an agent to procure 
the necessary apparatus and library, he enclosed to the 
Rev. Dr. Blatchford, a set of orders for the govern- 
ment of the school, and requested him to proceed to its 
organization, and act himself as president of a board of 
trustees, whom he named. He named, at the same time, 
a senior and a junior professor, whom he endowed with 
liberal salaries. The senior professor was Mr. Eaton, 
who had already been engaged to take the charge of in- 
struction in the institution. The school was soon after 
organized, and put into successful operation. In 1826, it 
was incorporated, and is now known as the Rensselaer 
Institute. Its success, under the care of the veteran 
Eaton, has been complete but with a very heavy and 
continued outlay on the part of its generous patron. In- 
struction in the sciences is wholly experimental and de- 
monstrative, and it is always, therefore, practical and 
thorough. 

In 1828, the patron, after having, at his own cost, es- 
tablished and liberally endowed this school, and while he 
was, then as since, bearing from his own purse, not less 
than one half of its current expenses, caused an invitation 
to be given to each county in the state, to furnish a stu- 
dent, selected by the clerk of the county, for gratuitous 
instruction at the Institute.* The invitation was accept- 
ed in nearly all the counties, and that large number of 
persons, within less than three years, was sent forth from 
the Institute, with a complete practical education, obtain- 
ed without the cost of a dollar to them for tuition. Other 
instances of instruction there, wholly gratuitous, have 
not been wanting. 

*The patroon, however, imposed on these students a condition the 
benefits of which would of course go to the community that they 
should instruct in their own counties for one year, on the experimental 
and demonstrative method. 



320 Life and Services of 

The patron first proposed to himself to sustain this 
school, as an experiment, for three years, with a reason- 
able expectation certainly, that at the end of that time, if 
successful at all, public attention would be sufficiently 
attracted towards this novel method, to enable him to 
hand it over to the community, with a confident reliance 
on the patronage of the public to support and perpetuate 
it. But all observation shows that no improvements 
are so slow in gaining adoption and support at the hands 
of the community, as improvements in the methods of 
education. In this case, almost of course, while the 
patron saw at the end of three years, that the advantages 
secured by his methods and course of instruction were 
great, beyond all his original expectations, he yet saw 
that the public must continue to enjoy them, if at all, for 
years to come, chiefly at his cost. He submitted to the 
sacrifice, and thus has this invaluable institution been 
continued for upwards of fourteen years. 

The course of instruction in this institution has been 
considerably enlarged since its organization, by the direc- 
tion of the patron. It may be described as a school for 
thorough and complete instruction in the circle of the 
natural sciences, applicable in any way, to the economy 
or the business of life, in all its civil departments not, 
however, including those usually denominated profession- 
al. The peculiarity in the mode of instruction, originally 
introduced, has been adhered to ; and the distinguishing 
and eminent advantage gained by this peculiarity of 
method has been, not only that the students themselves 
have been thoroughly taught, and are ready, at all times, 
professionally or otherwise, to make a practical and high- 
ly useful application of their knowledge, for their own 
benefit or the benefit of others, but that, whether such is 
their occupation and business, or not, they go out to the 
world as an army of teachers, so familiar with the vari- 
ous subject of their knowledge, and so fitted and accus- 
tomed, from long habit, to impart it, that they become 
involuntarily the school-masters and instructors of every 
circle into which they enter. They are lights and lumi- 
naries to the prevalent darkness that may surround them, 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 321 

gentle and mild, but radiant and steady, in whatever orbit 
they may chance to move. 

It is impossible to compute, or perhaps to give any ra- 
tional conjecture, about the amount of good which had 
already been effected through this munificent and skillfully- 
devised charity much more impossible is it to com- 
pass, in thought, the benefits which coming generations 
must reap from that system and plan of education, of 
which the example was first set, and the eminent utility 
satisfactorily tested, in the Rensselaer Institute. Schools 
have been set up on the Rensselaer method, in various and 
distant parts of our country ; and it has been stated to 
me as a fact, from calculations actually made, that the In- 
stitute has itself furnished to the community, more experi- 
mental teachers and professors, state geologists, principal 
and assistant engineers on public works, and practical 
chemists and naturalists, than have been furnished, in the 
same time, by all the colleges in the union. If the half 
of this statement be true, the result, in this single particu- 
lar, is a proud one for the memory of the patron, through 
whose almost unknown munificence it has been effected. 

But I pass to one or two other particulars, which must be 
noticed, before I close the history of the personal career of 
the subject of this memoir. He was connected with the in- 
stitution of masonry, having been initiated as a mason in 
1786, when he was twenty- two. In this association, as else- 
where, he was very early placed in official station. He 
first held the post of junior warden, as I find it called; 
then of senior warden; and then of master. In 1793, he 
declined any further election in the master's lodge. In 
1825, an imposing masonic ceremony was performed in 
this city, when he was installed in the office of grand 
master, the highest office in masonry. The ceremony of 
installation was performed by Gov. Clinton, who was his 
predecessor in the same high office. Both the past and 
and the elect grand master delivered addresses; that of the 
former of great length, and full of power, beauty and 
brilliancy ; that of the latter, in reply, was shorter, full 
of simplicity, mingled with sterling good sense, and char- 
acterized by his usual kindness, benevolence and fraternal 



322 Life and Services of 

affection. In 1826, he was reelected to the same office; 
but he declined any further official connection with mason- 
ry the next year. It is supposed that whatever there 
was, or is, in masonry, worth knowing, he knew; and 
that he had been initiated into some mysteries connected 
with it, which, since the death of Baron Steuben, by 
whom they were communicated, were known to a very 
few others only, in this country. It is well known, that 
no abuses committed in the name of this fraternity, ever 
received the least sanction from him; and certainly no 
man in our community thought, or spoke, with more un- 
affected abhorrence of the outrage, which, in 1826, was 
offered by masons to an American citizen in the western 
part of this state, than he did. He regarded this institu- 
tion as formed for practical and benevolent uses, and 
whatever connection he had with it, down to the last, 
was continued principally, as a convenient means of prac- 
ticing those secret acts of charity and kindness in which 
he so much delighted. 

In December, 1823, Gen. Van Rensselaer took his seat, 
for the first time, in Congress, as a representative from 
the city and county of Albany. He was continued in his 
place by reelection for three successive terms, and re- 
tired on the 4th of March, 1829. During his whole con- 
gressional service of six years, he held the station of 
chairman of the committee on agriculture. In March, 
1824, he made a valuable report to the house, in answer 
to a resolution of enquiry touching the effect of the tariff 
laws on the interests of agriculture. In February, 1825, 
the imposing ceremony of an election to the presidency 
took place in the house of representatives. His vote de- 
termined that of the delegation from this state in favor of 
Mr. Adams, and, as it resulted, produced the election of 
that gentlemen on the first ballot. Gen. Van Rensselaer 
never mingled in the conflict of debate : but he was not, 
for that reason, the less valuable or influential member. 
His faithfulness, his integrity, his eminent honesty, his 
kindness of manner, his ready perception of the true and 
the right in all questions presented for the action of the 
house, and his freedom from the prejudices and trammels 



Stephen Van Rensselaer. 323 

of party, gave him a standing and influence in the house, 
far beyond what ever belongs, in such a body, to the mere 
ability, however distinguished, to conduct a skillful argu- 
ment, or pronounce an eloquent harangue. The great 
moral sway which character alone, commanding general 
admiration and respect, bears in a deliberative assembly, 
was never more conspicuous, than in the case of Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, in the American house of representatives. 

Our review of this eminent man's life is drawing to a 
conlusion; and it will occur no doubt to many, probably 
as strange, that as yet, no distinct notice has been taken 
of certain particulars, by which he was more known and 
distinguished in the popular estimation, than by any thing 
else namely first, his connection with various societies, 
foreign and domestic, particularly with those whose ob- 
jects were benevolent; and finally, his private charities. 
These have not been forgotten, but they can not be enume- 
rated in this discourse. I may mention in general terms, 
that he was an honorary member of many and various 
learned associations, at home and abroad; some pursuing 
particular branches of science, of arts or learning, and 
others more comprehensive and general in their objects. 
He was the president of several local societies designed 
for charitable or religious uses ; while of the great insti- 
tutions of the day, so general as to be designated Ameri- 
can, and employed to aggregate immense numbers, and 
combine their united strength for the prosecution of great 
Christian enterprises, there was scarcely one, perhaps 
not one, with which he was not, or had not been, con- 
nected by membership, and frequently by the highest, al- 
ways by high official station. 

In regard to his private charities, there are two difficul- 
ties in the way of any attempt to particularize them ; one 
is, that they were private, and they are, therefore, to a 
great extent unknown ; and the other is, that, so far as 
known, they are numberless. It would be tedious and 
difficult to enumerate the cases alone, in which he gave 
by hundreds and by thousands. Two of our American 
colleges received from him, in one subscription, five thou- 
sand dollars each. It is computed, that he expended, 



324 Life and Services of 

through a single agent, in prosecuting scientific researches, 
and for the advancement of his educational methods and 
plans, and for gratuitous instruction, not less than thirty 
thousand dollars. And, taking the cause of learning in 
its various branches, the support and spread of Christi- 
anity, and the plans of benevolence and mercy, as found, 
each of them, in the hands of voluntary associations, and 
dependent on individual munificence taking these objects 
together, I suppose it can hardly be doubted that he was 
the largest contributor to them, of pecuniary means, du- 
ring his life time, in the union. In respect to his minor 
benevolencies, nobody can number or compute them. 
They flowed from him in streams which were perpetual 
never dry, and never scanty. It was impossible they 
should fail, so long as objects could be found to call them 
forth and these never fail. There is not, probably, a 
profession, and hardly a department of active life amongst 
us, in which some could not be found few or many who 
owe the advantages of their position to him ; while it is 
nearly certain that he fed more that were hungry, warmed 
more that were cold, clothed more that were naked, 
covered more shelterless heads, dried up more bitter tears, 
and comforted more despairing hearts, than any other man 
living among us in his time. 

But I pass from these particulars, to the conclusion of 
this imperfect notice and tribute. The last year or two 
of the life of this eminent citizen was marked by disease 
and severe suffering. For several years, indeed, he had 
been subject to attacks which indicated that a cruel mala- 
dy was fastening itself upon him, and that his sun was 
destined to set in a troubled sky. His disorder finally 
showed itself fully about eighteen months ago, and created, 
at the time, considerable alarm, lest its termination should 
be speedily fatal. During the whole of the winter before 
the last, he was regarded as scarcely ever free from dan- 
ger. Considerable abatement took place in the spring, 
and he was able to leave home, for a short time. When 
winter returned, he was again wholly confined to his 
house, and much to his own apartment, enduring more than 
can be told, with only brief intervals of relief, till the day 






Stephen Van Renssslaer. 325 

of his departure came when his candle went out, sudden- 
ly indeed, but not without circumstances of mitigation and 
mercy. As his faithful and honored friend and biographer, 
I must not omit to record, that he died, as he had lived, a 
Christian ; exhibiting a patience and resoluteness in his 
sufferings, and a calmness and fearlessness with the angel 
of death in his presence, which however much others 
might have supposed there was of reliable stuff for such 
scenes in his natural courage and firmness he himself 
referred and attributed wholly to the efficacy and suffi- 
ciency of his Christian faith and his Christian principles. 
His own desire had been frequently expressed, that 
when the time came, his body should be borne to the com- 
mon tomb of his fathers, with simple ceremonies only, and 
with an entire absence of ostentatious parade. This in- 
junction was obeyed by his family, as far as the public,, 
and public bodies, would consent it should be. It was ar- 
ranged that the religious solemnities of his funeral should 
be celebrated at the North Dutch Church in this city his 
own place of public worship and in the presence of that 
fellowship of Christians belonging there, with which ha 
had been connected, as a member in communion, for more 
than half a century. From thence to the family vault 
near his late residence, a procession was formed. The 
body, in its simple and unadorned coffin, was borne on 
men's shoulders the bearers frequently relieving each 
other the pall supported by those who knew him long 
and loved him well. No hearse was permitted to receive 
the burthen. The mourners followed ; after them, the 
municipal authorities of the city; several public societies," 
the chief magistrate and other executive officers of the 
state ; and the legislature in order; and then came citizens 
and strangers, falling in by two and two, until the procession 
was extended to a most unusual and imposing length. All 
were on foot. No carriages were used. The military were 
in citizens' dress. All badges of office had been laid aside. 
No plumes nodded; no helmets glistened; no music mur- 
mured ; solemn, slow, and silent, the procession moved on, 
through thick and thronging, but orderly and respectful 
ranks, crowding the streets, and lining the casements of 
28 






326 Life of Stephen Van Rensselaer. 

every dwelling on either side. And thus were the remains 
of the good man carried, and deposited iu their resting 
place ; and thus were they attended. None ever had a 
more simple funeral ; none were ever followed by a larger 
train of sincere and sorrowing mourners. 

Here, then, we part with him. The man dies, but his 
memory and virtues live. I shall not attempt to give a 
separate and extended sketch of his character. It is found 
in the sentiments, the acts, and the practices of his life, 
as already detailed. His mind was of that order which 
combines quickly, and reaches conclusions so readily, and 
with such intuitive accuracy, that laborious investigation, 
as the need of it is not soon felt, finally becomes irksome, 
and is seldom or never used. It reposes on itself with a 
confidence which experience only confirms, while the 
processes by which it comes to results, are seldom stated 
to itself, and never to others. His heart was not unlike 
his mind, in its impulsive and intuitive habits; it made 
him a man of mercy and of charity, without the necessity 
of any elaborate discipline, or any long training. It was 
his nature to be kind and humane. He was tenderly at- 
tached to his family, where his affections, without ma- 
king an uncommon case of it, might have rested and ter- 
minated ; yet he saw a friend or a brother in every worthy 
man he met. His benevolence was of that large kind 
which loves an expansive range, and is offended at limit- 
ations and restraints. And his humanity was not satis- 
fied with stopping short of cruelty, or with relieving 
misery, but was itself distressed, if, by the most uncon- 
scious act, pain were inflicted on another, or his sensibility 
wounded. He had the tenderness of a very woman, laid 
side by side in his temperament with a manly courage, 
and an unconcernedness which made him, if occasion de- 
manded, laugh and mock at fear or danger. There was 
that in him, too, which made his spirit always self-poised 
and conservative. He was temperate in all things ; in his 
personal indulgences, in his personal predilections or pre- 
judices; in his party attachments or aversions; in his 
new opinions or feelings, whenever he acquired them; 
in his love of the world ; and in his religious faith and 



License to Teach English. 327 

practice. And, to sum up all, there was in him, with a 
reasonable facility for changing with the times, a stead- 
fastness of character and purpose but no unimpressibility 
derived, perhaps, by inheritance from his nation, but so 
mingled in him with other elements, as to belong essen- 
tially and individually to himself. But I forbear. 

The best part of a good man's life is his example. Him 
we may meet no more ; but this we may meet at every 
urnt. This is immortal, and can not die. It lives in 
memory ; lives in tradition ; lives in history. It is present 
with us, and will be present with those who come after 
us to teach, to influence, and to guide. It is a light 
which never goes out, and never grows dim. And, for my 
part, I know not what we, or the world, ought to thank 
God for devoutly, if not, that a good man has lived, and, 
dying, has left us the legacy of his example and his vir- 
tues. 



LICENSE TO TEACH ENGLISH. 

From Records in Secretary's office. 

The Governor's License granted unto John Shutte, for 
teaching of the English Tongue at Albany. 

Whereas the teaching of the English Tongue is neces- 
sary in this Government ; I have, therefore, thought fitt to 
give License to JOHN SHUTTE to bee the English School- 
master at Albany : And upon condition that the said JOHN 
SHUTTE shall not demand any more wages from each 
Schollar than is given by the Dutch to their Dutch School- 
masters. I have further granted to the said JOHN SHUTTE 
that hee shall bee the ouely English Schoolmaster at 
Albany. 

Given under my hand, at Fort James in New York, 
the 12th day of October, 1665. 

RICH'D NICHOLS. 



( 328 ) 



SUDDEN BREAKING UP OF THE ICE IN 
THE HUDSON RIVER. 

February 18th, 1851. 

In consequence of the mild weather, accompanied with 
a south wind and some rain, which prevailed during the 
latter part of last week, the water in the river on Satur- 
day forenoon had risen nearly over the docks, and the 
ice the day before had broken up opposite Troy and come 
down and piled up in high masses a short distance above 
this city, where it stopped. Athough somewhat more 
difficult to get on and off, yet the ice opposite here was 
considered so strong, that the crossing of footmen and 
loaded carts, wagons and carriages, continued without 
abatement during the day, until about 4 o'clock P. M., or 
a few minutes after, when it was observed that the masses 
of ice above had commenced moving down, and imme- 
diately all persons who happened to be on it below, hastily 
fled to the shore. The water began suddenly to rise, and 
in a short time came up over the docks and flooded the 
stores on Quay street. The ponderous masses of ice 
continued steadily and irresistibly to force their way down 
grinding the solid ban ier before it into atoms and cutting 
a channel obliquely down the east side of the river until 
below the Boston Depot, when the great body of ice began 
to crumble and go down also. At this time the scene 
was one of terrific grandeur. To those who have often 
read of, but never witnessed, the "breaking up" of the 
Hudson, this spectacle would have surpassed all their 
conceptions. Just before the starting of the ice an alarm 
of fire, caused by the upsetting of a kettle of pitch on 
board the steam ferry boat Olcott, occasioned by the ex- 
citement in aiding to rescue a team with a wagon load of 
grain which had broken through the ice in the basin, had 
brought an unusual number of persons to the docks, and 
thousands of persons lined the shores to witness the break- 
ing of the frosty shackles from the Hudson. 



Br ea king up of Ice. 329- 

The ice continued moving until the river here was en- 
tirely clear. The water continued rising until 4 o'clock 
yesterday morning when it was some five feet above the 
dock, but by 9 o'clock it had receded about two feet, at 
which point it has remained with slight variations until 
this morning, indicating it has not gone out below ; and as 
the wind got round in the northwest yesterday forenoon, 
and it has continued to freeze since, there is little proba- 
bility of its moving out at present. It is stated that the 
ice is perfectly solid at Cceymans, not having moved at 
that point. The ice that passed by the city on Saturday 
is piled up in rugged masses, between Castleton and the 
"nine mile tree." 

It is also stated that at Newburgh the river is free from 
ice. The ice is firm at Kingston point and at Catskill ; 
the ice left the creek on Saturday, sweeping everything 
before it, and destroyed considerable property. 

A Melancholy Occurrence. 

Just as the ice started at the point above the city, three 
men, workmen of Low & Co., of the Franklin Foundery, 
who were engaged at work on the new Paper Mill of C. 
Van Benthuysen, in process of construction at Bath, 
named Peter Truax, William H. Tisdell and Robert Elder, 
being anxious to reach this side of the river, ventured 
upon the ice. 

They at once started upon a run down the river, feeling 
certain that they could keep in advance of the crumbling 
matter. But the water being high, and the dam which 
had thrown the water back from Bath, having broken 
away, the current was running at a rapid rate, and the 
rumbling, crashing sound of the heavy ice, as it was for- 
cing its way under the main body, causing it to tremble 
beneath their feet, rendered their situation extremely 
dangerous. They continued in a southerly direction, in 
the hope of reaching the lower ferry dock before it was 
too late. When about opposite Hamilton street, the main 
body commenced piling up around them, apparently cut- 
ting off all hopes of their safety. The first of the three 
men, named Peter Truax, teamster, kept making for the 



330 Breaking up of Ice. 

dock, but was prevented from reaching it by the agitating 
masses, as they crumbled to atoms when coming in con- 
tact with the timbers. He persevered, however, in his 
efforts, and when opposite the South Ferry, he made one 
bold effort and landed on the shore, completely exhausted 
from the fatigue he had undergone. 

Meanwhile, the situation of his two companions, Wm. 
H. Tisdell and Robert Elder, became imminently perilous. 
"While the ice was breaking beneath their feet, Tisdell ran 
directly into an air hole. He called to Elder for assistance, 
who immediately responded by changing his course and 
hastening back to Tisdell. He attempted to rescue him 
from the awful death that seemed to await him. Extend- 
ing his hand towards him, it was grasped by Tisdell, and 
almost instantly the ice brokS up in that locality, and El- 
der was dragged headlong into the water with his com- 
panion. Nothing more was seen of Tisdell after this 
effort, but Elder rose to the surface, and as his head pro- 
truded from the water, the ice closed in around him, and 
he was seen no more. 

The thousands of persons on either side of the river, 
witnessed the whole scene, but no human aid could reach 
the unfortunate men. 

Tisdell was a man about twenty-three years of age, 
and leaves a wife to mourn his untimely end. Elder was 
twenty-eight years of age, and leaves a wife and two 
children. Both of these men were respectable and indus- 
trious mechanics, and were noted for their attention to 
business and upright conduct. Their sad fate has cast a 
gloom over their circle of friends and acquaintances, many 
of whom were eye-witnesses to their deaths. Albany 
Atlas. 



( 331 ) 



ANNALS OF THE TEAR 1850-51. 



1850. 

DECEMBER. 

1. The first of December came in as mildly and balmily 
as a first of May. The season seldom continues so open 
and moderate to so late a period ; the grass being still 
fresh and green, and the shrubs retaining their leaves un- 
withered, and roses blossoming in the open air in sunny 
exposures. 

3. Thomas Fitzpatrick died. Jesse Peters died, aged 52. 

4. The sour and rainy weather experienced for the last 
two days was followed by a clear sky and a congenial 
atmosphere. The commerce of the river and canal had 

almost closed The banking house of the New York 

State Bank, sold by auction for $19,000. It was pur- 
chased by a new association which had organized to suc- 
ceed the old one, whose charter would expire in January. 

5. James A. Willis died, aged 39. Mary Ridder died, 
aged 20. Mary Elizabeth, wife of B. W. Wooster, died, 
aged 27. 

6. Festival of St. Nicholas observed About 4 

inches of snow lay on the ground at 7 in the morning. 

Helen, wife of Thomas McCreadie, and youngest 

daughter of Robert Dunlop, died. James Leddy died, 
aged 26. 

7. The snow of the previous day received the impres- 
sion of a hard frost, rendering a little sleighing possible. 

9. George Campbell died, aged 52. Ann, wife of John 
W. Johnston, died, aged 52. 

10. Reuben Dunbar, after a trial of two weeks duration, 
was convicted of the murder of two boys in Westerlo, on 

the 28th September last Installation of Rev. Ray 

Palmer as pastor of the first Congregational Church in 
Albany, corner of South Pearl and Beaver streets. The 



332 Annals of 1850. 

sermon by Rev. E. N. Kirk, was one of his most eloquent 

efforts A large sized mastiff, a fine looking animal, 

was seen walking moderately but directly down Lumber 
street, towards the river. On close examination it was 
discovered that he had in some manner become seriously 
wounded, there being a large gash laying open the flesh to 
the bone, and several other wounds in different parts of 
his body. On being called or spoken to, he paid no 
attention, but continued his course towards the river, and 
upon reaching the dock plunged off, swam a few feet out 
into the stream, dove under and was seen no more. This 
was witnessed by a number of persons. Atlas. 

11. The Boardman & Gray Guards, piano forte makers, 
went out to Buena Vista on a target excursion. The 
prizes were a gold watch valued at $75 ; a gold goblet, 
$12; a gold pencil case, $7 '50; a pen and case, $4*50. 

12. Thanksgiving, fair and frosty. 

13. The Manhattan worked her way through the ice, 
and landed her passengers at our dock about 9 o'clock in 
the morning. The Isaac Newton landed her passengers 
at Hudson, and they reached here via the Hudson and 
Berkshire and the Albany and Boston rail roads at 1 1 in 

the morning The demand for flour limited, and the 

sales making only in a retail way, at $4*62a$4'75 for com- 
mon to good state ; 4'75a4'87 for Michigan, Indiana and 
Wisconsin; 4*87a5 for common to pure Genesee, and 5' 12 
a6*25 for fancy to extra Genesee. Buckwheat saleable at 

l*69al*87 Meeting of gas consumers at the Mansion 

House to devise ways and means for the reduction of the 

company's prices .Thermometer at 12 deg 

The day line boats made last trip; the canal was effect- 
ually closed, and ice making rapidly in the river ; every 

sail vessel had left the pier and basin Mrs. Conliff 

died. Catharine Strong died. Alexander Sampson died, 
aged 45. Mr. Sampson commenced a successful business 
a few years ago in the small Dutch building, corner of 
South Pearl and Division streets, which many persons 
now living, remember as being for a long time the last 
building on Pearl street going south. It was far out of 
the business limits when he went into it, and called it the 



Annals of 1850. 333 

Dundee Warehouse. He drew a good business, and the 
street immediately began to swarm with similar establish- 
ments conducted by Jews, who were before almost unknown 
in the city. Mr Sampson was a Scotchman. 

14. Timothy G. Gladding died, aged 40. Michael Me 
Ginity died, aged 30. William S. Packer, for many years 
one of the firm of Packer, Prentice & Co., of this city, died 
in Brooklyn, aged 50. He was a liberal and public spirited 
citizen, as well as an enterprising and successful merchant. 

15. The fifteenth anniversary of the Albany Tract 
Society, was held in the Congregational Church. It ap- 
peared by the report that the society had distributed nearly 
half a million pages of tracts during the year. It was 
stated that 20,000 of the population were in the habit of 
not attending any place of public worship. By the treas- 
urer's report it appeared that the receipts for the past 

year were $742'35 ; the expenditures $600 An affray 

took place in the evening in Hawk street, between two 
Irishmen and three colored men, in which knives were 
used, and severe wounds inflicted. 

16. Eiver navigation between Albany and New York 
again unobstructed. Four tow boats came up from Bris- 
tol, and the steam boat Buffalo arrived from New York. 

The principal mart for the sale of western products 

was held at the freight houses of the Albany and Schenec- 
tady railroad on Water street, where an extensive busi- 
ness was done in the morning in hogs The Perry 

Guards, so called in honor of Eli Perry, assemblyman, 
turned out numbering nearly 100 including music, for a 
target exercise. It began to snow and rain toward night, 
rendering the walking bad. There was at this time a 
perfect military furor. Besides the Burgesses Corps, 
Republican Artillery, Emmet Guards, Worth Guards, and 
Washington Riflemen, which were regularly organized 
companies, there were also, the Van Namee Guards, 
Painters' Guards, Eagle Guards, Corning Corps, School- 
craft Light Horse, Boardman & Gray Guards, and Perry 
Volunteers, organized for the purpose of target excursions 
and military exercise. In addition to these, the Scotchmen 
were organizing a permanent company, and an effort was 



334 Annals of 1850. 

being made to raise a company of Light Horse, both of 
which were finally consummated. 

17. The coldness of the weather caused ice to make 

so rapidly that the river was closed again The Hen- 

drik Hudson went down at two o'clock with the heaviest 
freight of the season, and made her way with great diffi- 
culty. 

18. The steam boats did not venture above Hudson ; 

their passengers being sent on by rail road The streets 

presented an appearance of unusual animation on account 

of the abundance of country sleighs Washington 

Hunt, having been elected governor of the state, resigned 
his office of comptroller, and was succeeded by Philo C. 

Fuller, who had been appointed by Gov. Fish At a 

meeting of delegates from the several rail road companies 
at Syracuse, the following rates were agreed upon : 

Mail. Express. 

From Albany to Schenectady, $0'50 $0'50 

Schenectady to Utica, 1'76 2'14 

Utica to Syracuse, 1'20 1'45 

Syracuse to Rochester, 2*35 2'85 

Rochester to Buffalo, 1'64 2'06 

$7-50 $9-00 

Arrangements were also made to carry emigrants 
through from New York to Buffalo, during the winter for 
$6-50. 

19. House corner of Franklin and South Lansing streets 
entered by robbers in the night, who took nearly a hun- 
dred dollars and a gold watch out of the owner's sleeping 

room Amanda, wife of Chauncey Humphrey, died, 

aged 71. 

21. Shortest days of the year, 9h. 4m. from sunrise to 
sunset. 

22. Maria, wife of John C. Hughson, died, aged 32. 
Julia A., wife of H. Foster, and daughter of the late Con- 
rad Turner of this city, died at Peoria, 111. 

23. A snow storm which began on the previous evening 
continued all day with great fury, extending from New 
York to Buffalo. The rail road tracks were all blockaded 



Annals of 1850-51. 335 

with snow drifts, and there had not been such a tempest 
on the river during ten years. Several buildings were 
crushed by the weight of snow that lay upon them. The 
barometer was lower than had ever been noticed. 

24. The atmosphere was intensely cold at sunrise, per- 
haps a little below zero, and continued cold during the 
day. 

28. A colored woman named Betsey Staats was burned 
by her clothes taking fire, so that she died a few hours 
after the accident. 

29. Another layer of snow was added to the previous 
stock; tending to render some of the roads impassable 

again Elisabeth Wilson, wife of Orlando Meads, 

died at Elisabethtown, N. J. 

30. Maria Louisa Rogers died, aged 17. 

31. By the report of the Alms house physician it ap- 
peared that the number of cases requiring medical aid 
during the month was 150; of which 99 were cured, 16 

died, and 35 remained under treatment The New 

York State Bank, which was chartered in 1803, (vol. i, 32) 
closed on the expiration of its charter, paying back to its 
stockholders their capital with a handsome surplus. The 
same institution, under new articles of association, com- 
menced business under the same name on the first of Jan- 
uary Cold day. An observation was made on the 

dock of a vessel in the Basin at 9 o'clock forenoon; baro- 
meter in open air, at tide level, 30*444. Fahrenheit 
thermometer, 12 below zero; centigrade thermometer, 
24J below zero. Several thermometers in the city indi- 
cated 15 below zero at sunrise. At 2 o'clock the mer- 
cury rose three or four degrees above zero Owen 

Riley died, aged 36. 

JANUARY, 1851. 

1, The hall of the Capitol was thronged with citizens 
and strangers, to witness the inauguration of WASHINGTON 
HUNT as governor of the state of New York Hum- 
phrey Clark died, aged 56. 

3. Mary Born died, aged 61. 
4. Cathedral fair closed, yielding $7,600, exclusive of 



336 Annals of 1851. 

expenses George F. Barker, ticket agent of the 

Mohawk and Hudson rail road at Albany, died in New 
York. Jane Ann, wife of Capt. John Johnson, died, aged 
47. 

5. The congregation of the First Baptist Church held 
its last service in the old edifice in Green street; it having 
been sold to the People's Church, a new society under 
Rev. George Montgomery West. Rev. Mr. Jeffrey preached 
the farewell sermon. This venerable edifice had been 
the nucleus of all the Baptist churches in the city, and 
multitudes who had, from time to time, worshiped there, 
but who were now connected with other congregations, 
were present at the exercises for the sake of " auld lang 
syne." Until their new edifice ehould be completed, the 
congregation purposed to worship with the church in 

South Pearl street . .Elisha Hale of Newark, N. J., 

died in this city, aged 72. 

6. The grocery store of James McEntee, corner of Green 

and Arch streets, destroyed by fire, at night Richard 

Keating died, aged 55. 

8. Thermometer 9 below zero. 

9. A thaw began, accompanied by rain. 

10. Mary, wife of Isaac White, died, aged 56. 
12. Matthew O'Connor died, aged 66. 

15. Margaret Stevenson died, aged 39. Mrs. Cornelia, 
wife of Martin Schoenmaker, died. 

16. The directors of the Albany and Schenectady Rail 
Road Company declared a dividend of 3J per cent out of 
the earnings of the six months ending the 31st inst. 
After paying the above dividend, there was left a surplus 
of over $10,000 out of the net earnings of the last six 
months. 

The gross earnings for six months, ending 31st 

inst., $113,155-41 

For same period of last year, 95,862'70 






Increase over 18 per cent, $17,292'71 

The earnings for the year ending 31st of January, 1851, 
are $214,786'52 



Annals of 1851. 337 

Expenses, interest, relaying and 

regrading 3 miles of track,. . .$129,278'63 

Carried to new fund by previous 

vote of Board, 5,000'00 134,278*63 



Making net earnings of the year, $80,507-89 

which is an eighth per cent on the capital stock, of which 
$70,000 has been applied to dividends $10,000 of the re- 
mainder carried to the reserve fund, as also stated. 

The hog traffic on the road in December, 18,356 hogs 

weight, 3,913,267. Albany Evening Journal Mrs. 

Jane Greer died, aged 73. 

18. Philo Booth died, aged 60. 

19. Elizabeth Beals, severely injured by a runaway 
horse, died of the wound. 

20. The fourth annual meeting of the Alumni of the 
Albany Medical College was held in the lecture room of 
the College. The annual address was delivered by Dr. 
Freeman, and an essay was read on the anatomy of plants 
by Dr. J. H. Salisbury. 

23. The mail- wagon broke through the ice in crossing 
the river; the papers were almost wholly destroyed by be- 
ing saturated with water Elizabeth, wife of Stephen 

Swasey, died, aged 51. 

24. Francis Malburn died, aged 60. 

25. Thomas Gilbert Lee, formerly of Albany, son of 
Noah Lee, died at Columbus, Georgia, aged 35. 

26. Dr. John S. Cameron, aged 33, died at the Quaran- 
tine, on Staten Island, where he was engaged as assistant 
surgeon David W. Ford died, aged 17. 

27. Sarah A., wife of John S. Farnham, died, aged 24. 
30. Sudden change of weather ; thermometer 2 below 

zero in the morning. 

31 At half past ten in the evening, the dwelling house 
of Dr. James P. Boyd, corner of Hudson and Grand streets, 
took fire and was burnt, with nearly every thing it con- 
tained. Loss about $6000 ; two-thirds insured 

Reuben A. Dunbar, aged 20, executed in the jail for 
the murder of two children in Westerlo, by the name of 

Lester Elizabeth Ann Cutler, wife of Frederick C. 

29 



338 Anmls of 1851. 

Gombel, died Andrew Bartholomew died, aged 77. 

Capt. Bartholomew was engaged in the Hudson River 
navigation, as master of sloops and steam boats, from 
early youth until age and infirmities compelled his retire- 
ment. He was the cotemporary of Com. Wiswall and 
Capt. Roorabach, in the command of the first steam boats 
on the river. Our oldest citizens remember him well as 
the capable and popular commander, for many years, of 
the old steam boat Richmond. Capt. Bartholomew was a 
most upright and worthy man, enjoying, through his long 
life, the confidence and friendship of all who appreciate 
manly qualities. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. Stone & Henly issued the first number of a new 

paper, called the Albany Weekly Express J. Baldwin, 

jr., formerly of Albany, died at Williamsburgh. 

2. A burglary committed in the evening, at the shop of 

James Whitney, shoemaker, 39 South Pearl street 

Mary, wife of John Carey, died, aged 22. 

4. Annual meeting of the New York State Medical 

Society, at the City Hall Jemima Veeder died, 

aged 18. 

5. The trial of Geo. G. Bramhall, for being concerned in 
the robbery of the Albany post office, in July last, resulted 
in conviction, and sentence At the annual exami- 
nation of the pupils of the Albany Academy, the Caldwell 
Medal was awarded to Richard M. Strong, and the Van 

Rensselaer Medal to Charles Boyd St. Matthew's 

church, in Washington street, robbed of its crucifix, and 
an unsuccessful attempt was at the same time made to 

steal the chalice. The crucifix was only plated 

Sylvia Wier, widow of the late Hugh Wier, died, aged 71. 

6. Mrs. Sarah Gray died, aged 65. 

7. Jane, widow of John Henry, died. 

8. John Streeter, formerly of Albany, died at Milwau- 
kie, aged 21. 

11. Nathaniel Dean died, aged 84. 

12. The ice broke up in the river from Troy to Bath, 
and the water submerged the dock in this city, without 
impeding the crossing of the river upon the ice, at the rail 



Annals of 1851. 339 

road ferry. Two hundred feet of the embankment from 
the main land to the island, above the city, built by the 
government, to throw the water into the channel, was 
torn away. 

13. Nancy, wife of Peter Kennedy, died, aged 48. 

14 George G. Brarnhall and Hiram Gaylor, were sen- 
tenced to eight years imprisonment, and Rufus B. Pem- 
berton to two years, for post office robberies ; the latter 
having been inveigled by the two former, was subsequently 
pardoned. 

15. The ice in the river gave way before the freshet, 
and moved down out of sight. Of three men employed in 
putting the machinery in the paper mill at Bath, and who 
attempted to cross as the ice started, two, Robert Elder 
and William H. Tysdell, were swept under, and lost, 
(see p. 328,) Rodney Harris died, aged 24. 

17. The United States Marshal conveyed Gaylor, 
Bramhall and Pemberton to the state prison at Auburn, 
whither they had been consigned for robbing the Albany 

post office Mrs. Martha Lansing died, aged 73. 

William Cummings died, aged 19. 

18. Lydia A., wife of Oliver D. May, died, aged 32. 
20. A sloop laden with lumber which had been frozen 

in last fall near Castleton, came up in the evening and 

moored at the steam boat landing The Albany and 

Northern Rail Road incorporated, for the purpose of con- 
structing a rail road from Albany to Eagle Bridge in 
Washington county, to connect with the Washington and 
Rutland Rail Road. The following were named as the 
first directors: Erastus Corning, Marcus T. Reynolds, 
James Edwards, Samuel Pruyn, James A. Wilson, Wil- 
liam W. Forsyth, William V. Many, John B, James, John 
T. Cooper, Franklin Townsend, Visscher Ten Eyck, 

Robert H. Pruyn and Lansing Pruyn James Carroll 

died, aged 25. 

22. The birth day of Washington was celebrated by 
the military. An oration was delivered by Abram Van 
Vechten at the Capitol. The mud and rain would seem 
to have been sufficient to dampen the ardor of patriotism. 
In the evening Hon. A. K. Hadley of Troy, delivered an 



340 Annals of 1851. 

address before the Young Men's Association appropriate 
to the occasion, and the Harmonia Society assisted in the 
exercises of the evening. . . , . .D. McCandree died. 

23. Great rain storm continued all day Jane 

Withers died, aged 94. William Allen died, a revolution- 
ary soldier. 

24. The ice left the river clear for vessels Alida 

D. Lansing died, aged 21. Margaret, wife of Joseph 
Boyle, died. 

25. The steam boat Oregon arrived at her dock at 7 o'- 
clock in the morning. The water was over the docks and 

pier, and continued rising during the day Edward 

Kirkpatrick died, aged 65. 

26. The Hendrik Hudson arrived. It is seldom that 
the large boats commence their trips in February. 

27. Meeting of the New York State Temperance Soci- 
ety at the Capitol. 

28. The monthly returns of the Albany and Schenec- 
tady Rail Road show the following results: 

1850 1851 

Passengers, 1st week 1,527 J 2,478 -J 

2d " 1,548 1,872 

3d " 1,6294 2 5 002J 

4th " 1,846 2,370 

Total 6,551 8,723 

The freight returns showed an increase of 15 per cent 
over those of the same month of the previous year, and 

the passenger trains 33 per cent Mary E., wife of 

John Wilkes died, aged 25. 

MARCH, 

1. John C. Feltman died, aged 76. He was born in the 
town of Osnaburgh in the kingdom of Hanover, Oct. 8, 
1775, and emigrated to America in 1806. After spending 
three years in the Black River country, as a part of the 
state of New York was then called, he came to this city in 
1809, where he passed the remainder of his days. He 
was for many years a leading member of the Lutheran 
church. Abram Banker died, aged 54. 



Annals of m\. 341 

2. Sarah Ryan died. Elizabeth, wife of Henry Shields, 
died, aged 53. 

3. The steam boat Shepherd Knapp, resumed her daily 
trips between this city and Catskill The Common- 
Council, increased the salary of the mayor to $1000, com- 
mencing with the next term. The salary of the present 

mayor, $400 John S. Spencer of New York, died of 

apoplexy as he was walking in the street, aged 35. 

4. Sally Martin died. 

6. Four burglaries during the early hours; William 
Bates ? s grocery store, corner South Pearl and Herkimer 
streets; Aaron Hill's bookstore and A. McClure & Go's 
drugstore in State street; and James Taylor's grocery 

store corner Green and Lansing streets Meeting of 

the members of the Albany Institute for the purpose of 
reviving that institution, which had been closed since 1841 

The district attorney gave public notice that he 

should present to the grand jury cases of violation of the 

statute in regard to lotteries The house 119 Church 

street was entered by burglars in the evening, and robbed 

of money and valuables Mrs. Johanna Barry found 

dead in bed; aged 32. Verdict of coroner's jury, died of 
intemperance. 

7. William Slaven and William Mulligan were arrested 
for burglary, and fully committed. 

8. Snow storm Elizabeth Conley died. 

1 1 . Fire at 2 o'clock in the morning at the corner of 
Broadway and South Lansing streets, burnt a grocery and 
three small wooden dwellings, occupied by about fifteen 
families Mary Barrett died, aged 23. 

13. James Morrow, Jr. died, aged 27. Abraham M. 
Purdy died, aged 39. 

15. Mary Crawford died, aged 84. Henry E. Me 
Nelly died, aged 30. 

17. Fire in Arch street early in the morning, burnt seve- 
ral sheds and a frame dwelling ; wind light, and snow 

falling at the time Jeremiah Nolan died, aged 47, 

Alonzo S. Webster died, aged 46. 

18. Sarah Elizabeth, wife of John Osmond, died. 

19. The Anti-Renters held a convention at Beardsley's 



342 Annals of 1851. 

Hotel, for the purpose of reorganizing the party, with a 
vie>v to carrying out their aims through the ballot box. 

A riot among the laborers on the water works, 

about a hundred of whom refused to work any longer for 
62 J cts. a day, and attempted to drive off those who were 
contented with their pay. The pay they demanded was 
$1 a day. Several of the ring leaders were arrested and 
impiisoned. 

20. Henry P. Holden died, aged 26. 

21. Fire at the corner of State and Park streets, con- 
sumed several large wooden tenements, occupied by about 
twenty families, and several shops. 

23. Maria, wife of John Hendrickson, died, aged 74. 
Ann, wife of Thomas Ryan, formerly of Albany, died at 
Philadelphia, aged 45. 

24. Fire in the basement of Traver's saddlery shop in 
Washington street, which was extinguished with little 
damage. 

25..Murty Kerin died, aged 65. 

28. The Hendrik Hudson, on her upward trip, ran on 
a bank near Kinderhook and did not reach this city till 
three o'clock, p. M. 

30. During the three months expiring on this day, 314 
persons were arrested by the watch and detained in the 
lock up for examination by the magistrate. Of that num- 
ber 155 persons were committed for different outrages and 
offences, viz : stealing, 12 ; vagrancy, 9 ; burglary, 1 ; 
drunkenness, 46 ; assault and battery and breach of the 
peace, 68; and 17 for minor offences total, 155, com- 
mitted and recognized for trial. The balance 159, of the 
SI 4 arrested, were discharged from custody by the magis- 
trate Mrs. Caroline Shell died, aged 65 Caroline, 

wife of Nathaniel Lay ton, died, aged 26. 

APRIL. 

1. By the new arrangement of the rail road trains, 
which went into operation this day, the Rochester papers 
were received at 7 o'clock on the morning of this 
date, and the Buffalo papers a few hours after they were 

delivered to their subscribers Eliza DeyErmand 

died, aged 42. 



Annals of 1850-51. 343 

2. A meeting of citizens was held at Oneonta, Otsego 
county, to organize the Albany and Susquehanna Rail 
Road Company, for the purpose of constructing a road from 
Albany to intersect the New York and Erie road at Bing- 
hamton. Nearly one hundred thousand dollars were sub- 
scribed towards the construction of the road James 

Kane, the last of six brothers, who were noted merchants, 
half a century ago, died at the American Hotel, aged 80. 
(See ante, p. 235.) 

4. Mrs. Jane Bradford died, aged 65. Ashbel Cone died, 
aged 57. 

5. Affray at Dunn's porter house, in State street ; Rufus 
Rapp stabbed with a knife by Edward Ryan. 

6. Fire at 1 o'clock in the morning at the corner of 
Knox and State streets, a small wDoden building burnt. 

Joseph Dunn died, aged 68. Jesse Vail, formerly 

of this city, died at Plainfield, N. J., aged 50. 

7. The rains produced a freshet by which the docks 
were submerged and the cellars in Quay street filled. 
James Abbott died. Edwin Scace died, aged 54. 

8. Fire early in the morning, burnt Smith's Burr Mill- 
stone Factory, and a dwelling adjoining Election, 

Eli Perry elected mayor by 371 majority over Franklin 
Townsend, who declined to serve another term, but was 

forced by his friends to run for the office Bridget 

Magennis died, aged 64. 

10. Fire at the house of William McAlpine, 766 Broad- 
way, damaged the house and furniture considerably 

Caleb C. Stockley died at Cherry Valley, aged 40; he 
was for a long period in the employ of the Mohawk and 
Hudson Rail road Company in this city. John Reid, died, 
aged 40. 

11. Snow fell at about 8 o'clock in the evening 

The store of Horace Hawkins was broken open and robbed 

of $5 in cents Sarah S. Dix died, aged 15. Mrs. 

John Clark died, aged 55. Bridget, wife of Cornelius 
Bracken, died, aged 30. 

12. Jacob Lansing died, aged 60. Samuel Van Dusen 
died. William Henry Duncan died, aged 18, Seth Ar- 
nold died, aged 62. 



344 Annals of 1851. 

13. Mrs. Catherine Van Zandt died, aged 79. Daniel 
Peck died, aged 34. 

14. Mrs. Alice Bradshaw died, aged 64 Arthur 

McCosker died, aged 55. 

15. The Erie canal was opened for navigation 

Eli Perry was sworn, and took his seat as mayor 

Friend W. Humphrey died, aged 30. Margaret, wife of 
Jarvis Streeter, died, aged 71. William B. Stillwell died, 
aged 32. 

16. Adam Armstrong died at Amsterdam, aged 80. He 
had been a resident of Albany during the last fifty years. 

17. The legislature adjourned, in consequence of the 
resignation of twelve democratic senators, who refused to 
sanction the borrowing of nine millions for the enlarge- 
ment of the Erie Canal* Mrs. Maria Stafford, widow 

of Hallenbake Stafford, died. Isaac T. Riley killed at 
Seneca by a collision of the rail road cars. 

18. Great democratic meeting at the Capitol, at which 
speeches were delivered on the recent unprecedented dis- 
solution of the legislature, and in justification of the 

resigning senators Rensselaer Westerlo died, aged 

74. He was the son of the Rev. Dr. Eilardus Westerlo, 
and brother-in-law of the late patroon. He was educated 
for the law, and nearly half a century ago represented his 
district in congress. Though averse to the active pur- 
suits of business, he was amiable in his disposition arid 
manners, and led a blameless life. 

19. Alarm of fire at noon proceeding from a bakery in 
Green street, which was extinguished with small damage. 

22. Jane. S., wife of William Orr, died, aged 32. John 
Croker died, aged 35. 

23. A large meeting of whigs at the capitol to denounce 
the course taken by the democratic senators, and to de- 
fend the constitutionality of the bill to enlarge the 
canal. 

24. The first canal boat from Buffalo arrived, nine days 

after the opening of navigation A stable took fire in 

North Lansing street ; damage slight Susannah 

Buckbee died, aged 72. Mary A. Lynch died, aged 22. 
Julia Ann, wife of Friend Humphrey died, aged 46. Sarah 



Annals of 1851. 345 

A. Keeler, wife of A. W. Hackley, and formerly of Albany, 
died at Monterey, Wis. 

25. Samuel Fleming died, aged 20. Thomas Buckley 
died, aged 23. 

26. An unsuccessful attempt was made at an early hour 

to rob Maloy's store on Quay street Fire in the 

evening burnt a stable on Chestnut street. 

27. Ellen, wife of James McGuire died, aged 39. 

28. Adam Shields died, aged 86. Amelia Ward died, 
aged 68. Edward Baker died, aged 51. 

29. Roland Adams died, aged 54. Harriet, wife of 
George F. Ilsley, died at Milwaukie, aged 23 ; formerly of 
Albany. 

30. Mary E. Lynch died, aged 20. Mrs. Mary Charles 
died, aged 74. 

MAY. 

1. Mrs, Hannah Wendrem died, aged 49. 

2. Frederick W. Ridgway died, aged 34. Patrick Conway 
accidentally shot; aged 52. Jeremiah Whalen died at 
Detroit, aged 16, late of Albany. 

3. William Littlejohn died, aged 36. Thomas Hurst 
died by falling from the rail road bridge on the Patroon's 
creek; aged 55. 

6. The store of Shear & Packard in Green street, was 
opened with false keys, and $400 taken from the safe. 

A fire in Lydius street, about 12 o'clock at night, 

burnt a frame house At a meeting of the Whig 

General Committee, the following were chosen officers for 
the ensuing year: Joseph Davis, President; Hamilton 
Harris, 1st Vice President ; David Russell, 2d Vice Presi- 
dent; Lewis Benedict, Jr., Treasurer; William G. Weed 

and James Doyle, Secretaries Richard Taylor died, 

aged 54. Patrick Kane died, aged 23. Cornelius Me 
Loughlin died, aged 39. 

8. An alarm of fire caused by the partial burning of a 
shed in Patroon street William Cole died, aged 29. 

9. A coroner's inquest was held on the body of an un- 
known man about 30 years of age. Verdict, died of ex- 
haustion William Kerin died, aged 17. James An- 
derson, late of Albany, died in New York, aged 44. 



346 Annals of 1851. 

10. The mail bags were robbed on the Empire in the 

night, on their way to Albany from New York John 

Lay died, aged 21. 

1 1. The body of Michael Clark, aged 30, found in the 
river. Mary A. Crawford died, aged 56. Thomas Bulger 
died, aged 57. 

12. Hon. Greene C. Bronson, late judge of the Court of 
Appeals, left the city with his family to reside in New 

York First meeting of the trustees of the Albany 

University. 

13. Isaac Cornell died, aged 72. 

15. Mary Elizabeth Rayns died. Isaac Hutchins died, 
aged 26. 

17. Ransom Foster, a stranger, was knocked down, at 
the corner of Rensselaer and Franklin streets, and robbed 
of the money in his pockets. 

18. Catharine E., wife of Baltus Prime, died, aged 39. 

21. Sylvester Trowbridge died, aged 36. Daniel Me 
Grath died, aged 34. 

22. The President of the United States, Millard Fill- 
more, arrived by the three o'clock train from the west, 
and was received with enthusiasm by the military and 
citizens. At seven o'clock he was escorted to the boat. 

23. Truman S. Foot died. 

27. The Hon. Daniel Webster arrived in the city, and 
was escorted to Congress Hall. 

28. Hon. Daniel Webster addressed the people in a 
speech of two hours from the steps of Congress Hall, and 
in the evening was escorted to the boat by a large con- 
course of citizens. 

29. The New World made her trip from New York in 
less than eight hours, including the usual landings, making 

the greatest speed on record The Columbia Hose 

Company arrived from Philadelphia on an excursion, and 
were received by the Tivoli Hose Company, and escorted 
through the streets. 

30. Eliza, wife of Francis Briare, late of Albany, died 
at San Francisco, aged 32. 

31. An alarm of fire proceeding from the burning of a 
shed near the Alms house.. ..The steam boat Rein- 



Annals of 1851. 347 

deer left the landing at seven o'clock with 450 passengers, 
and arrived in New York in 7 hours 44 minutes, having 
made seven landings at intermediate docks. This is the 
quickest trip on record, to this date. 

JUNE. 

1. Bernard Lynch, alderman of the first ward, died, aged 
37. 

2. A meeting of the Albany University was held, and 
the following officers elected for the year ensuing : Greene 
C. Bronson president, Thomas W. Olcott vice president, 
Orlando Meads secretary, Luther Tucker treasurer. Seve- 
ral professorships were also filled John Williams 

died, aged 45. 

5. John Winsley died. 

6. Sidney Goodrich died, aged 41. Mrs. Eliza Norman 
died, aged 59. 

7. Daniel Van Buskirk died, aged 49. 

8. The Weekly Knickerbocker commenced by H. J. 

Hastings William H. Cox of St. Louis, committed 

suicide at Congress Hall John Bryant died, aged 86. 

10. The general synod of the Reformed Dutch church, 
holding its sessions in the Middle Dutch church, elected 
the Rev. William H. Campbell, principal of the Albany 
Academy, to fill the office of Professor of Biblical Litera- 
ture in the Theological Seminary at Princeton The 

legislature met in extra session Mary A., relict of 

the late Leonard H. Gansevoort, died in New York. She 
was a native of Waterford, Saratoga county, and daugh- 
ter of M. Chandonette, a French gentleman. She was 
remarkable no less for her extraordinary beauty and the 
elegance and refinement of her manners, than for the love- 
liness of her character, and the superiority of her intellect. 
While justly, therefore, the admiration of a very large 
circle of friends, she was regarded by her children with a 
love which was almost adoration. Mrs. Gansevoort was 
marriedat an early age to the late Leonard Gansevoort, a 
son of the brave Gen. Gansevoort, the hero of Fort Stanwix. 

13. James Henry died, aged 48 The store of 

James Mix robbed by burglars of watches and jewelry. 



348 Annals of 1851. 

14. Peter Relyea died, aged 53. 

15. Sarah Ferguson died. 

16. The trains from Albany to Hudson commenced 
their regular trips twice a day on the Hudson River rail 
road Dr. Thomas H. Neely died of ship fever, con- 
tracted at the Alms house; age 24 The laborers 

employed in laying water pipes in Lydius street, struck 

for a dollar a day, being a rise of one shilling The 

new police, consisting of one chief, four captains, four 
assistant captains, forty policemen, four doormen, and 
six police constables, entered upon its duties. Capt. John 
Morgan was appointed chief of police. 

17. A fire occurred about two o'clock in the morning 
at No. 26 Beaver street, which destroyed the contents of 
the building, and damaged the edifice considerably. 

18. The bill for the erection of a fire proof building for 

the State Library passed the legislature James B. 

Weed died, aged 30. 

19. John Schuyler died, aged 34. 

20. The New York Fusiliers arrived in the day boat, and 
were received and escorted by the Republican Artillery to 
the City Hall, where they were addressed by the Recorder, 
D. Wright, Esq. , and were quartered at Congress Hall. 

A meeting of the laborers on the water works, and 

their friends, was held at the City Hall, in the evening, 
John Costigan, chairman; Alderman Clinton, secretary. 
They claimed one dollar a day for ten hours labor, the 
price said to have been advertised to be given when they 
commenced work Horace Emery died, aged 58. 

21. Peter Evert, aged 23, was drowned in the river. 

22. The runners for the emigrant lines got into a row, 
on the landing of the morning boats, and were arrested and 
locked up for examination on Monday morning. Another 
row took place in the lower part of the city in the after- 
noon Mrs. Susan Wilkes died, aged 70. 

23. At an adjourned meeting of the water works laborers, 
on a strike, it was reported that the contractors had 
agreed to pay 87 -J cts. for ten hours labor, and$l for 12 
hours Hiram Hagaman died, aged 47. 

24. The demolition of the North Pearl street Methodist 



Annals of 1851. 349 

Church was begun. It was originally a circus, and many 
still remember the equestrian and melodramatic exhibi- 
tions given there. About 1830 it was purchased by the 
Methodists and converted into a church, since which it 
has echoed to the eloquence of several gifted preachers. 
Ruth Ann, wife of John Phillips, died, aged 34. 

25. Grand torch light procession of firemen in the 
evening, in honor of the visit of a New York company. 

Two houses burnt in the western part of the city. 

.Bridget Gallagher, formerly of Albany, died in New 

York, aged 75. 

26. John Carroll died, aged 47. 

27. A bear, weighing 400 Ibs, was brought to the city 
as a rarity, from Bern, where it had been killed the day 
before The entertainment of Guardian Engine com- 
pany, No 29, from New York, was brought to a close by 

a supper at the American Hotel Mrs. Julia West 

died, aged 52. 

28. An alarm of fire in the morning, caused by the 
burning of a canal boat, near the Columbia street bridge. 

Christopher Bratt, formerly of Albany, died in New 

York, aged 26. 

30. Thermometer 92 in the shade. A laborer on the 

water works sun struck Charles Brolly died, aged 

77. 

JULY. 

2. Mrs. Jessie White died, aged 50. 

3. Elizabeth, wife of Lewis Ensign died, age 39. 

4. Great preparations had been made for celebrating 
this day with unusual splendor. But the libations from 
the clouds were so frequent and so abundant, as to frus- 
trate all efforts for a public display of patriotism by the 
people. An oration was delivered by S. H. HAMMOND, 
and the programme fully carried out. In the afternoon 
the Young Men's Association celebrated the day as usual. 
Their exercises were held in the Third Presbyterian 
church. Oration by HOOPER C. VAN VORST: reading ot 
Declaration by DUDLEY FARLING; Poem by WILLIAM H. 

GREEN Hon. William H. Brown, a senator from 

Long Island, died. 

30 



350 Annals of 1851. 

5. A fire on the corner of South Pearl and Bassett streets 
destroyed eight buildings. 

6. Six fire companies went up to Troy, to assist in the 
extinguishment of a fire, upon the solicitation of aid sent 

down in apprehension of a great conflagration Mrs. 

Hannah Roach died, aged 106; a native of Ireland. 

8. Bridget Hogan died, aged 38. 

9. Jenny Lind gave her first concert in Albany, to a 
full audience at the Third Presbyterian church. 

10. An election was held by the contributors to the 
fund of the Albany Hospital, when the following persons 
were chosen governors for the ensuing year : Marcus T. 
Reynolds, E. P. Prentice, Friend Humphrey, James Steven- 
son, Joel Rathbone, John C. Spencer, William V. Many, 
John Townsend, Erastus Corning, Andrew White, John 
V. L. Pruyn, Franklin Townsend, Robert H. Pruyn, John 
B. James and John Taylor Stephen Putnam, for- 
merly of Albany, died in New York, aged 51. 

1 1. The legislature closed its second session Jenny 

Lind gave her second and last concert in the Third Pres- 
byterian church. 

13. A fire in the house north-west corner of Pearl and 
Patroon streets, supposed to have been set by an incendi- 
ary extinguished without much damage. 

14. Fire at the bakery of H. Brimhall, in Canal street, 

damage slight The board of governors of the Albany 

Hospital organized, by the appointment of John C. Spen- 
cer, president; Ezra P. Prentice, vice president; Joel 
Rathbone, treasurer ; and Franklin Townsend, secretary. 
A committee was appointed to procure a suitable build- 
ing for temporary use as a hospital, and to make the 
necessary arrangements for the reception of patients imme- 
diately, and the following named gentlemen were appoint- 
ed the consulting surgeons and physicians : surgeons, Dr. 
James McNaughton, Dr. Alden March, Dr. James H. 
Armsby, and Dr. John Swinburne; physicians, Dr. Joel 
A. Wing, Dr. Thomas Hun, Dr. Mason F. Cogswell, and 

Dr. Howard Townsend John Blackman, committed 

suicide by hanging himself in his bakery, No 29 Bradford 
street. Jane Ann, wife of Cornelius Van Schoonhoven, 
died, aged 30. 



Annals of 1851. 351 

15. Mohawk and Hudson rail road declared a dividend 
of 3 J per cent out of the net earnings of the road for the 
last six months. The following statement exhibits the 
earnings and disbursements for the last six months : 

Receipts from passengers, freight. &c $120,010*58 

Disbursements of all kinds, including inte- 
rests on debt and canal tolls, 75,938*33 

44,071-83 
Deduct dividend of 3J per cent, now declared, 35,000*00 

Leaving a net surplus on hand in cash, out of 

the last six months earnings, of $9,071*03 

The lumber office of Fish & Bullock, corner of Water 
and Orange streets, entered by burglars, who opened the 

safe, but found only a little copper coin The boys 

of the Albany Academy presented the principal, Rev. 
WILLIAM H. CAMPBELL, D. D., with a gold watch, on the 
occasion of his leaving the institution, in token of friend- 
ship and respect Mrs. Esther Lynch died, aged 45. 

17. Adam Winne died, aged 32. 

18. James Loatwall died, aged 34. 

19. The school teachers gave a complimentary dinner to 
Mr. John W. Bulkley, of the Arbor Hill school, on the 
occasion of his removal from the city. 

20. James Whitney died, aged 38. 

21. A fire in the basement of the house, No. 49 Bassett, 

.was extinguished with trifling damage Catharine, 

wife of Henry Clare died, aged 41. 

23. R. Annabella, wife of Rev. Stephen Bush, and 
daughter of Amos Fassett of this city, died at Bankok, 
Siam, where she went as a missionary. 

25. Mrs. Mary Bishop died, aged 48. 

26. Caroline Ruth, wife of Samuel W. King died, aged, 

30 Robert R. Nelson drowned at sea from the 

steam boat Penobscot, on his passage from New York to 
Philadelphia; age 33. 

27. An unknown man found drowned near Patroon's 

island The law office of Austin & McMahon, 35 

State street, was entered by burglars at night, who climbed 



352 Annals of 1S51. 

in at the front window. No booty Mrs. Margaret 

Hoyt died, aged 50 John Burton died. 

28. Five New York burglars were arrested by the 
police on the day of their arrival and before they had 
committed more than one depredation. 

29. Angus McKaskell, a Nova Scotia Giant, was ex- 
hibited at Bleeker Hall, nearly eight feet in stature, weight 
400 Ibs., age 19 Chauncey Ensign died, aged 29. 

30. A rumor gained currency in New York that the 
Albany banks had been drawn upon for $200,000 in specie, 

and had failed to pay. It was wholly unfounded 

Anna, wife of Mr. Bissell died aged 63. 

31. The closing exercises of the State Normal School 
took place in the large hall of the school, when an address 
was delivered by Gov. Briggs, of Massachusetts. 

AUGUST. 
3. Lyman G. Willson died, aged 34. 

5. A fire, just before 12 o'clock at night, in a bakery in 
Jefferson street, was extinguished without much damage. 

The New World steam boat came up the river with 

nearly 1000 passengers. 

6. Two pickpockets arrested at the East Albany ferry. 

Great rain storm, several buildings struck by 

lightning. 

7. The steamboat Trojan owned in this city was burnt 
at the dock in New York, and two young men residing 
here were burnt with her; Patrick Dougal and Matthew 
Picket Daniel Little died, aged 55. Mrs. Ann Mud- 
dle died, aged 35. 

8. Jenny Lind arrived in the day boat Reindeer from 
New York, and took rooms at Congress Hall Mar- 
garet McEvoy died, aged 16. 

9. Thomas Hilson died, aged 72. 

10. An unusual crowd of people crossed the river to 
visit an encampment of Canada and Ojibway Indians, 
who had put up their tents under the large elms on the 

island opposite the city Cornelius McCann died, 

aged 66. 

11. The Washington Rifle Corps arrived from New 



Annals of 1851. 353 

York, and were received by the Albany Washington Rifle- 
men, Capt. Triger, and conducted to the City Hall, after 

which they took quarters at Stanwix Hall A fire in 

John street destroyed several stables, and burnt three 

horses There were mailed at the post office 2513 

letters, of which about two-thirds were prepaid. The 
average number mailed before the reduction of price was 
about 1660 Robert Gill, Jr. died, aged 47. 

12. A fire in Colonie street destroyed a stable and 
horse. Riot among the firemen. 

13. Mrs. Maria Hartness died, aged 65. 

14. The house No. 51 Ten Broeck street entered by a 
burglar and robbed of various articles of jewelry. The 

burglar caught same day The evening express train 

came in with seven cars, and was followed by another 
train of three cars. The travel greater than ever before. 

Mrs. Harriet Pruyn died, aged 8 1 ; relict of the late 

Jacob S. Pruyn. 

16. A fire at the corner of Schuyler and Broad street, 
was soon extinguished. 

18. The American Association for the Advancement of 
Science met at the hall of the Albany Institute in the Al- 
bany Academy, when several papers were read by distin- 
guished men Maria Dunn died, aged 19. Catharine, 

wife of Peter Simon, died, aged 34. 

19. Christiana C. Humphrey died. Mary, wife of 
Patrick Brolly, died, aged 39. 

20. A fire in Westerlo street, destroyed several dwell- 
ings and the fire brick manufactory of M. W. Bender, 
which occupied the building erected for an amphitheatre 
a few years since. There was a fight among the firemen 

by way of finale The water in the river lower than 

at any other time in ten years ; the large steam boats 

reaching Albany with much difficulty George Reu- 

ter died, aged 32. 

21. William Soulden died, aged 65. Elizabeth C. Ray 
died, aged 29. 

24. Ground was broken for the purpose of erecting the 
State Library, in the rear of the Capitol John Ryan 



354 



Annals of 1851. 



died from the effects of a blow received from a stick of 
wood thrown out of a window in Spencer street as he was 
passing. 

25. An attempt was made to fire the Exchange building, 

which was discovered in season to prevent disaster 

The Emmet Guards, Capt. Osborn, left town on an excur- 
sion to New York and Newark Thomas Clark 

died. 

26. A fire occurred in a frame building in Fulton street, 

which was soon extinguished Mrs. Esther Gibbons 

died, aged 81 ; widow of James Gibbons. Joseph McCar- 
dell died, aged 72. William Weaver died, aged 47. 

27. William H. Dunham died, aged 28. 

28. The excavations made for the water pipes in State 
street laid bare the foundations of the old Dutch Church, 
and many human bones were exposed from day to day. 
This day two graves were opened, and bones were taken 

away by many for relics Two attempts were made 

to fire a wooden building in Fulton street The body 

of a man named William Kasson was taken out of the 
river at the lower part of the city. He had been missing 
several days. 

29. Andrew J. Farnham died, aged 21. Bridget O'Con- 
nor died, aged 24. 

Whole number of arrests of persons charged with crim- 
inal offences and brought before the Police Justices during 
the month of August, 1851, is 578, to wit: 



Assault and Battery 173 

" on an Officer 17 

Breach of the Peace 192 

Petit Larceny 45 

Riot and Affray 35 

Vagrancy 32 

3 Disorderly Persons 15 

Wilful Trespass 10 

Keeping Disorderly House ... 6 
do Gaming do ... 1 

Attempt to Rescue 1 

Pick-pockets 2 

Threats 3 



For soliciting Emigrant Pas- 
sengers 1 

Abandoning Child 1 

Libel I 

Nuisance I 

Other offences Misdemeanors 28 

Felonies Grand Larceny. ... 7 

Forgery 6 

Perjury ..,,.,.... 2 

Burglary I 

Manslaughter ..... 1 



Total . 



Annals of 1851. 355 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. The freight barge William H. Seward sunk in the 

basin, loaded with flour, corn, &c The Burgesses 

Corps left the city on an excursion, in the morning, and 

Tompkins Engine Company in the afternoon First 

number of the Albany Daily Eagle printed by JOHN 
SHARTS, editor and publisher, a democratic penny paper, 
issued during the election campaign. 

2. Receipts by Canal at Albany this day. Flour, 5,610 
bbls.; Wheat, 2,730 bu.; Corn, 17,850 do; Barley, 3,050 
do; Oats, 14,340 do; Ash 50 bbls.; Butter, 3,700 Ibs.; 

Cheese, 9,510 do ; Wool, 43,360 Mrs. Jane Campbell, 

widow of the late Daniel Campbell, died, aged 59. Mrs. 
Hannah Humphries died; formerly of Charleston, S. C. 

3. State street market the country market is attract- 
ing much attention, although it is rather early for a large 
attendance of farmers, most of them being still engaged on 
their farms. Wheat is selling in this market at 90alOO 
per bush; Barley 60a70; Oats 34a36; Rye 62|a63; Corn 
60. Flax seed 100all2J; Timothy 2'75a3'00. Fruit and 
Winter Vegetables are plenty. The Potato crop in this 
vicinity is good and of much better quality than last year. 
They are selling at from 87 J to 100 per bbl., and Green 
Apples at 62alOO per bbl/ Peaches are quite plenty. 
Good sell at 87alOO per basket. In Poultry there is but 
little doing. Chickens and Ducks bring 31a37 per pair, 
and Turkeys 75alOO each. The weather is unfavorable 
for large supplies, and the arrivals are mostly taken by 

grocery keepers. Evening Journal A convention of 

labor and land reformers met at the Capitol, under the 

name of the New York Industrial Legislature 

Seventy Hungarian refugees arrived from New York by 
the morning boat, and were forwarded over the Albany 
and Buffalo free by Messrs. Corning and Mclntosh of this 
city. They went to join their countrymen already settled 

in the west Mrs. Rosy, wife of Peter White, died, 

aged 40. 

4. Frances F., wife of Frederick H. Hastings, died at 
Brainerd's Bridge, 



356 Annals of 1851. 

6. Charles Pulaski fell from a fifth story window of the 

Delevan House and was killed instantly W. A. Ra- 

sey died, aged 22. 

7. Patrick McGuire died, aged 25 William Carl 

died near the upper reservoir from exhaustion and expo- 
sure, after having been restored from drowning. 

8. Robert Tompkins died, aged 65. Clarissa Slade, 
wife of George Benham, died, aged 36. 

9. The Hudson River Rail Road Company began the 
excavations preparatory to the erection of their bridge 

across the basin at the foot of Maiden Lane Ebene- 

zer Jones died at West Troy, formerly of Albany. Win. 
Barry, aged 30, drowned at the steam boat landing. Mary 
Frances Sherbrooke died, aged 19. Catharine, wife of 
Walter Burns, died, aged 29. James Dillon died, aged 42. 

10. A laboring man engaged in laying water pipes, in 
Elm street, was buried under a bank of earth which caved 

in upon him, but he was rescued alive Jas. Artcher, 

formerly of Albany, died at Schuyler, Herkimer county. 

11. The hottest day of the season, the thermometer 
being at 80 in a cool room in the morning, and 95 in the 
shade at one time during the day; being the 7th in a suc- 
cession of remarkably warm days Elizabeth, wife of 

John Reidy died, aged 40. Morgan O'Brien died, aged 34. 

12. Fathew Matthew, the great apostle of Temperance 

arrived in the city from Utica William Donnelly died 

aged 35. 

13. Sarah Dillon died, aged 63. Mrs. Elizabeth Schuy- 
ler Staats died, aged 61. 

14. Father Matthew officiated at St. Mary's church in 

Chapel street Sarah, wife of Patrick Murphy, died, 

aged 38. 

15. Very low water in the river; the steam boats de- 
tained on the bars, and the canal boats in the basin 

A meeting of 60 dry goods clerks was held to devise ways 
and means to procure the closing of stores at 8 o'clock; 
many places being kept open until 10 at night, 

16. An alarm of fire occasioned by the burning out of a 

chimney George Trumbull died, aged 40. Mrs, Ann 

L., wife of B. M. Remer died, aged 41, 



Annals of 1851. 357 

17. John H. Woods died, aged 32. 

18. At the adjourned meeting of the dry goods clerks, 
a committee was appointed to wait upon the merchants 
and obtain signatures for closing their stores at 8 o'clock. 

19. Harriet Andrews, wife of P. B. Gage, died, aged 43. 
Austin Root Spencer died, aged 19. 

20. Father Matthew left the city for Troy, having ad- 
ministered the pledge of temperance to 10,300 persons. 
Ambrose S. Parker, late of Albany, died at Mobile. 

22. A rattlesnake over three feet long was captured on 
the plank road leading to the Shaker village, and brought 
to the State Geological Rooms. The capture of this snake 
is remarkable from the fact that no member of his family 
was known to have been at large in this neighborhood for 
many years and it is supposed that he must have been 
an immigrant. 

23. The Washington Continentials, a military company 
from Brooklyn, in the uniform of '76, arrived at the 
wharf in the morning, and were escorted by the cavalry 
and artillery companies. 

24. The departure of the Continentals by the evening 
boat, was signalized by a brilliant display of fireworks, 
and a torchlight procession by the firemen who were out 
in large numbers, and in uniform, and with the Artillery 
formed the escort. State street was crowded, in the lower 
part where the fireworks were let off, and as the proces- 
sion moved down to the boat, under a blaze of pyrotech- 
nics, and through a sea of people, the spectacle was magni- 
ficent. 

25. The anti-rent convention which met at Beardsley's 
Tavern in Washington street separated at night in confu- 
sion in consequence of the majority adopting the demo- 
cratic ticket Mr. Henry Van Ingen, formerly, of 

Albany, died at South Brooklyn, aged 44. Julia H. Green 
died, aged 18. Mrs. Ann, wife of Thomas Wrightson, died, 
aged 60. 

26. A fire at the corner of Eagle street and Maiden 

lane Celebration of the District School pupils, who 

marched through the city in procession, 2,200 strong 

Mrs. Helen Zeh, wife of David Zeh died, aged 41. 



358 Annals of 1851. 

27. The fair held by the ladies of the German Catholic 

church closed; the receipts, $1,300, expenses, $200 

Jacob S. Henderer died at Palatine Bridge, aged 53; for- 
merly of Albany. 

28. The Jews having purchased the South Pearl street 
Baptist church standing at the head of Herkimer street, 
the Rev. Mr. Howard preached his valedictory there to a 
crowded auditory John Shell died, aged 30. 

29. Bishop McCloskey of the Catholic diocese of Albany 
left the city for Europe, having preached a parting sermon 
to his church here, and received a present of $1,500 from 

his friends At a meeting of the common council, 

Christopher W. Bender was re-appointed chamberlain, 

and Hamlet H. Hickcox deputy chamberlain Trains 

passed over the entire length of the Hudson River rail 

road for the first time , Catherine, wife of John 

Neville, died, aged 45. William Williams died, aged 66. 
James A. Bray died, aged 27. 

30. Mrs. Margaret, wife of Welcome Esleek, died, aged 
60. 

OCTOBER. 

1. A train of five passenger cars came through from 
New York, leaving that city at 8 o'clock, and arriving 

here at 2 in the afternoon An alarm of fire caused 

by the burning of a chimney in Van Schaick street 

The dry goods merchants by common consent, closed their 
stores at 7 o'clock in the evening, to relieve their clerks. 

2. Mrs. Elizabeth Hill died, aged 78. Henry Shields 
died, aged 54. 

3. The Jews consecrated the South Pearl street Bap. 
tist church as a synagogue, under the title Anshe Emeth. 

A false alarm of fire in the forenoon. While a portion 

the -firemen were seeking the cause of the alarm in 
Grand street a barn belonging to Mayor Perry, situ- 
ated near his slaughter-house on the hill, was struck by 
lightning. The alarm was immediately given and the 
course of the firemen was changed to a contrary and true 
direction for the necessity of their efforts. The barn was 
consumed, together with a small quantity of hay. Small 
loss Isaac Carpenter died, aged 58. 



Annals of 1851. 359 

4. Speaking of the projected Observatory in this city, 
the Argus remarks: This noble enterprise, which was 
commenced little more than one month ago, is now placed 
on a sure and permanent foundation. Mrs. Dudley has 
generously increased her subscriptions to $13,000, and 
Gen. Van Rensselaer has made another munificent dona- 
tion of very valuable land for the same object. The full 
sum of $25,000 has now been raised, and twenty of our 
most wealthy and influential citizens have guarantied to 
Prof. MITCHELL the sum of $1,500 per year for five years. 
The building will be commenced forthwith, and Prof. 
Mitchell is expected to remove to this city, and super- 
intend its erection. Albany has every reason to be proud 
of the position she now occupies and of the great liberality 
of her citizens. During the past year, they have con- 
tributed for the hospital, orphan asylum, university, and 
other objects from which no pecuniary return was to be 
expected, more than $100,000. With such indications of 
prosperity and progress, we may look forward to a future 
brighter even than the past. 

5. A fire destroyed a barn on the Delaware turnpike 
at the southern bounds of the city, about one o'clock in 

the morning Mary, wife of Joseph Prime, died, aged 

71. 

6. The travel, (says the Troy Times) between this city 
and Albany is immense. Last evening no less than ten 
stages, " cram-jam" full left Troy for Albany, containing 

in all. we should think, at least 125 passengers 

David Keith, a house thief, was arrested. He had taken 

clothing from two hotels the week previous Daniel 

Campbell died, aged 40, son of Archibald Campbell ; a man 
of great benevolence and philanthrophy. Mary wife of 
John McCulloch, died, aged 31. 

7. The Medical College was opened for the fall term, 

with an address by Prof. ARMSBY Mrs. Phebe Fisher 

died, aged 65. 

8. Hudson River rail road celebration; 1,100 persons 
sat down to a dinner in the engine house. The train from 
New York arrived 11*22, having made the trip in 3*55, or 
3*24 running time. 



360 Annals of 1851. 

9. Dense fog, boats detained on the river ; Troy arrived 
about noon, when the Manhattan was high and dry in 
CatskiJl creek, and the Oregon aground at Castleton. 
The Isaac Newton, which should have arrived in New 
York yesterday morning, did not arrive till evening. 

10. The grand jury came into court with 18 indictments : 
viz: Grand larceny, 6; forgery. 3; bigamy, 1; arson, 1; 
obtaining money under false pretences, 1 ; assault and 
battery, 1 ; do., with intent to kill, 1; do., with intent to 

commit a rape, 1 ; and four sealed indictments Jane, 

wife of Peter Van Buren, died, aged 37. Harmon Camp- 
bell died at Hudson, aged 28, formerly of Albany. 

11. The remnant of the New York Volunteers 195 in 
number, who served in the Mexican war, arrived in this city, 
by the morning boat, to receive the first instalment of the 
appropriation made to them by the legislature. One of 
them got intoxicated, and stabbed several persons, and 

was arrested and locked up Jane M. Seymour died, 

aged 16. Michael Mulligan died, aged 29. 

13. James Ray, a carman, was drowned at the pier in 
East Albany; aged 50. William Cook died, aged 21. 

14. Alexander Teelin died, aged 70. He was always 
a steady, honest, industrious, hard working man, and was 
for many years employed in the Evening Journal office, 
and at times in several other offices. He was the first 
man, we believe, employed in this city at the wheel of a 

Napier press Horace Durrie Steele died, aged 19. 

Joshua I.Jones died at Brooklyn, aged 41; formerly of 
Albany. 

14. Organization of a city temperance society, which 
elected the following officers : Hon. Bradford R. Wood, pre- 
sident; Dr. B. P. Staats, Rev. I. N. Wyckoff, Azor Taber, 
Esq., Rev. Dr. H. Mandeville, Rev. Dr. L. F. Beecher, 
John 0. Cole, Esq., Rev. H. L. Starks, Wm. G. Board- 
man, Rev. Dr. H. N. Pohlman, Rev. Ray Palmer, John F. 
Rathbone, Rev. R. Jeffrey, vice presidents ; Jacob T. 
Hazen, secretary; William McElroy, treasurer; H. M. 
Wicks, William Richardson, Charles L. Garfield, C. R. 
Blackall, John Rogers, executive committee; Oliver Sco- 
vill, John Reed, Miner Frink, William Gibson, E. P. Patten 



Annals of 1851. 361 

finance committee: John C. Ward, J. M. Northrup, 1st 
ward; A. S. Kibby, S. Baily. 2d ward; James Taylor, 
William Simpson, 3d ward; D. L. Weaver, W. M. Col- 
borne, 4th ward; Samuel Anable, A. Covert, 5th ward; 
E. Smith, W. S. Tucker, 6th ward; J. S. Smith, A. Pas- 
senger, 7th ward; R, Coburn, S. Rider, 8th ward; W. 
Parnell, A. P. Maben. 9th ward; James Wilson, Jefferson 
Mayell, 10th ward; vigilance committee. 

16. Elizabeth Me Graw died, aged 91, Joseph Rogers 
died, aged 65. 

17. Thomas Learey, a teamster, was killed by the 
sliding of a clay bank. 

1*8. Martin McGraw died, aged 41. George Furbeck 
died, aged 31. Emmeline Shaw, wife of George R. Groot, 
died at Pittsfield, Mass., aged 37, formerly of Albany. 

20. The contracts for -the construction of the North- 
ern Rail road, from Albany to Vermont through Cohoes, 
were signed this day. 

22. Prof. Mitchell addressed a meeting of citizens at the 
lecture room of the Young Men's Association on the pro- 
posed University and Observatory Friend Hum- 
phrey was nominated by the whig convention for mayor 
against his wishes, and he promptly declined to be consi- 
dered a candidate Dr. William T. Burton died, aged 

23. Elizabeth, wife of C. P. Peters, died, aged 25. 

23. Susan S. Barstow died, aged 26; a native of Had- 
ley, Mass. David Me Gee fell into the canal and was 
drowned. 

24. The water of the new aqueduct was let into the 
conduit at Rensselaer lake at 9h. 19m., and reached the 
water weir at the head of Washington street at llh. 31m. 

25. Bob Sutton, who had broke jail in 1848, returned 
to the city in custody of an officer, and was reincarcer- 
ated David Woodworth died, aged 63. 

26. The North Pearl street Methodist Church, built upon 
the site of the old Circus, was so far completed, 'that the 
congregation was enabled to hold meetings in the base- 
ment A fire destroyed a grocery in Plain street 

early in the morning. When this was extinguished another 
fire was discovered in a frame dwelling in South Pearl 

31 



362 Annals of 1851. 

street below Arch, by which two frame buildings were 

burnt down The retail druggists, nine in number, 

by mutual agreement, closed their shops, except from 8 to 
10 in the forenoon, and 5 to 6 in the afternoon, Sundays, in- 
stead of keeping them open all day, as had been the cus- 
tom in all time before Phebe, wife of Ebenezer Mills, 

died. 

27. Rachel VanNetta died, nged 76. 

29. Lansingh's furnishing store entered at night by a 
burglar and robbed of money and goods. 

30 John McLachlan died at Detroit, aged 79; formerly 
of Albany. 

31. The whole number of arrests for the quarter ending 
this day, by the police, was 1067. Number of fires 12. . . . 
Joseph Cross died, aged 34. 

NOVEMBER. 

1. The Albany City Hospital, corner of Dove and 
Lydius streets, was formally dedicated. Hon. JOHN C. 
SPENCER, president of the institution, delivered an ad- 
dress after which Rev. Dr. POTTER made some appropri- 
ate remarks. The services were closed with a prayer by 

Rev. Dr. POHLMAN A fire occurred at the Delavan 

House, was soon extinguished .Bridget, wife of James 

Bcgue, died, aged 25. 

2. Mrs. Isabella Cochran, formerly of Albany, died at 
Covingtori, Genesee county, aged 77. Mrs. Margare 
Birmingham died. 

3. Imogene Elizabeth, wife of Samuel B. Moore, died, 
aged 32. Amerrillus Maben died, aged 16. Wealthy Og- 
den, formerly of Albany, died at Troy. Susan Bullock 
died, aged 42. 

4. Election day; Eli Perry reelected mayor; W. A. 
Young recorder. The political power of the common 
council reversed by the choice of 7 democratic aldermen 
to 4 whig, giving a democratic majority of six in the 
board Henry K. Flagler died, aged 43. 

5. Albert Gallup, late sheriff of Albany county, died at 
Providence, R. I. aged about 60. Besides the office of 
sheriff, he had been a member of congress and was the 
second deputy collector of the port of Albany. 









Annals of 1851. 363 

6. Catharine, wife of J. H. Nesbitt, died, aged 35. 

7. Rose, wife of Patrick T. Gaven, died, aged 20. 

8. A fire in the Bowery destroyed 2 houses and several 
sheds. 

9. Emeline, wife of Graham K. Van Heusen, died. John 
Norwood died, aged 74. Margaret Augusta, wife of Na- 
thaniel Davis, Jr., formerly of Albany, died in New York. 
Jerusha Flint died, aged 78. 

10. The first snow of the season, began to fall soon af- 
ter midnight, and continued through the day, melting as 

fast as it touched the earth At a meeting of the 

common council, the officers of the Justices' Court chosen 
by ballot on Tuesday 4th, had their terms allotted as fol- 
lows: William C. Schuyler 3 years; David Russell 2 
years ; Henry P. Nugent 1 year. The justices of the Po- 
lice Court; John 0. Cole 4 years, S. H. H. Parsons 2 
years. 

11. The engine companies elected their officers for the 

ensuing year Annual meeting of Albany County 

Medical Society. Dr. James H. Armsby, the president, 
delivered the address, on Hospitals, their Origin and His- 
tory. 

12. Certain burglars attempting the robbery of a gun 
smith's shop, were frightened out of the booty by a wood- 
en soldier doing duty alone in the cellar About 82,- 

003 bushels of barley had been received during this and 
the previous day . . . .Sarah Neely died, aged 52, widow 
of Robert Neely. Phebe Gillen died, aged 18. 

13. Capt. Alfred Houghton died at Cambridge, Wash- 
ington county, aged 41. 

14. Rachel McCann died, aged 54. 

15. Nahum Rice died at Fort Madison, Iowa ; known 
as a silver smith for many years in this city. 

17. Nathan S. Hollister died, a^ed 72. Charles E. Al- 
vord died, aged 21. Philo D. Lyon died. 

19. State Street Market. Rye 63 cts a bu ; oats 36 ; bar- 
ley 75; corn 53 to 62',; buckwheat $2' 19 per 103 Ibs; 
flax S3ed $1*12^ for 56'lbs; apples $1 to $1'87 a bbl; po- 
tatoss $T25 to~$l.75 a bbl; turkeys and chickens 10 cts. 
a Ib. ; ducks 44a62 a pair ; geese 37a62 ; partridges 75alOO ; 



364 Annals of 1851. 

pork $6a$6 for light dressed hogs ; beef 3a5 in the quar- 
ter; eggs 18al9 cts a doz. ; butter 15al7 cts a Ib. 

20. Two ruffians made an attack upon Senator Hurd 
and another gentleman, in Broadway, near the Mansion 
House, between 10 and 11 o'clock in the evening, when 
the latter received two flesh wounds from a lancet ring. 
The assassins escaped. 

21. Mr Edward Whalen, formerly of Albany, died. 

23. The German Catholic Church, corner of Philip and 
Hamilton street, dedicated, by the title of The Church of 
the Holy Cross. The Very Rev. John Conroy was as- 
sisted in the rites by the Rev. Mr. Wadhams, and by the 
Rev. Mr. Noethen pastor of the church. The church is 
built in a very tasteful style of architecture and interior 
decorations, at a cost of $9,000 The store of Dex- 
ter & Nelligar, corner State and Pearl, was robbed in the 
afternoon of Saturday, of about $7 in money. A gro- 
cery store, corner South Pearl and Beaver streets, was 
also entered and robbed. 

24. The store of Messrs. Davidson & Viele in State 
street was found to have been entered by burglars since 
Saturday night. They entered through the scuttle, and 

got but $3 for their labor An alarm of fire called 

out all the engines ; it proceeded from the trial of a new 

bell in the Fourth Presbyterian church Catherine 

Hayes, the Irish singer, gave her first concert in Albany 
at the Third Presbyterian church Richard N. Gould- 
well died, aged 20. 

25. Second snow storm first sleighing. 

DECEMBER. 

1. The canal was effectually closed, and the steam 
boats which left the landing on Monday night lay on the 
bar during all this day, the water being lower than at any 
time during many years. The passengers were brought 
up by small steam boats. The boats were heavily laden. 
It was the boast of a sloop captain in 1800 that he had 
received $1675 passage money in one year. The palaces 
that now float upon the bosom of the Hudson, and make 
their trips daily, not unusually, it is presumed, take more 
than that amount at a single trip, besides a large sum for 







COMMERCIAL BANK BUILDING. 

Erected, 1816; Remodeled, 1851. 



Annals of 1851. 365 

freight Maria, wife of Richard Smith, died, aged 57. 

5. Thomas Emmett Robinson died, aged 25. 

7. Christian C. Lagrange died, aged 26. 

8. Mrs Sarah Scott died, aged 72. 

9. A lire in Chestnut street destroyed the upper part 

of a wooden tenement Henry C. Sabbaton, died, 

aged 17. 

10. The new rooms of the Young Men's Association in 
the Commercial Bank Building, were dedicated with ap- 
propriate ceremonies Ann Elizabeth, wife of E. J., 

Stevens, died, aged 41. Robert McCulloch died, aged 41. 

11. 'The navigation closed, the Oregon making the last 
trip. The river had been open nine months and seven- 
teen days. 

12. Charles Paddock died, aged: 20. Catherine, wife 
of Michael Sullivan died, aged 42. 

13. The houses of Erastus Corning and A. J. Colvin 
in State street were entered by burglars, who got a very 
small booty Thomas Chambers died, aged 39. 

15. Robert Dunlop, an eminent merchant of this city, 
died at his residence in Watervliet, aged 75. He im- 
migrated from Scotland in 1806, and had been prominently 
identified with most of the important public enterprises 
which have been carried forward during the last forty 
years. He managed an extensive and complicated business, 
accumulated an ample fortune, and maintained an honor- 
able character Amanda, wife of Alfred Kirby, died, 

aged 44. Bridget Cushman, an Irishwoman, aged 35, was 
found dead in a basement in the morning; cause unknown, 

16. Good sleighing. .... .John P. Van Waggoner died. 

aged 50. Owen Daly died, aged 53. Caroline, wife of 
Amos Pennie died, aged 25. 

17. The Law Department of the University of Albany 
opened, Judge Parker delivered the first of a course of 
lectures at the rooms of the Young Men's Association in 
the Exchange building Terence Coyle died, aged 67. 

18. Thermometer 8 below zero A fire took place 

in the liquor store of H. Claasen & Co., in Broadway, 
which was extinguished by water from the new hydrants, 
without the aitj. of tfte engines John Franyan die4. 



366 



Annals of 1851. 



aged 23. Marian, wife of D. A. Hawley, died, aged 51. 

19. Enthusiastic meeting at the Capitol of the friends 
of Kossuth and Hungarian freedom; William L. Marcy 

in the chair The store of Olrnsted & Daniels entered 

by burglars; also the jewelery store of Hood & Tobey. 
Booty small. 

20. Ann O'Brien died, aged 75. 

21. Anniversary of the Albany City Tract society 

Julia Ryan died, aged 45. Mary, wife of John Menmuer, 
died, aged 31. Margaret Whetten, relict of the late Capt. 
Stewart Dean, died in New York, aged 95. 

22. Anthony McQuade died, aged 66. De Witt C, Judd 
died, aged 37. 

23. A house in Lydius street, belonging to Prof. James 
Hall took fire about one o'clock in the morning, but was 
soon extinguished by water from the hydrants ...... Burg- 
lars visited three stores on the pier and dock, and captured 

about six dollars in all Adam Bradt died, aged 59. 

Mary, wire of William Ellis, died, aged 32. Luther Rull, 
died, aged 18. 

24. A German burglar was arrested in the store of C. 
Durant, corner of Steuben and Quay streets ; supposed to 
be the rascal who had committed the depredations of the 

last two weeks Catharine, wife of John Eage, died, 

aged 33. James Burke died, aged 53. 

26. Cold day, thermometer 8 below zero. The intense 
cold weather of the whole month rendered the passing 
over of the heaviest loaded vehicles perfectly safe : and 
a very active business was done upon it. by the agents 

and customers of the rail roads Julia Ami, wife of 

Daniel C. Sherman, died. 

27. Thermometer 12 below zero Ann Corner 

died, aged 48. Jonathan S. Houghtaling died, aged 30. 

28. Rain storm The temperature in some places 

rose 70 degrees in 24 hours Catharine, wife of J. H. 

Turner, died. 

30. The Canal Commissioners awarded the contracts 
for enlarging the canals of the slate. 

31. Rain storm Sarah, wife of Wm. G. Weed, 

died, aged 26. Rachel, wife gf Samuel Trowbridge, died, 
aged 71, 



( 367 ) 



STATISTICS OF CRIME IN ALBANY. 

We have been furnished by the police justices with the 
following statement of the business done at the police office 
' for the year ending on the 1st January, 1851. 

The whole number of arrests made during the year was 
2,979, as follows, viz: 

Murder, 1 Disorderly houses, 17 

Manslaughter, 1 Bawdy houses, 7 



Assault with intent to kill, . . 15 Gamins: houses, 



Burglary 30 

Grand larceny, 42 



Petit larceny, 315 Disorderly persons common 



Robbery, 5 

Perjury, 

Forgery, 3 

Passing counterfeit money, . . 14 
Arson, . , 



Bigamy, ................. 2 Cruelty to animals, ......... 1 



Rape, 

Mayhem, 

False pretences, 

Embezzlement, 

Receiving stolen goods, .... 

Sodomy 

Seduction, 



1 

I 

Riot and affray 20 1 

Assault and battery on officers 41 



Assault and battery, 1139 Selling obscene books, 



Aiding the escape of prisoners 



from jail, ...,,, 2 Violation usury law, . . . 

Offences against decency, .... 27 '"' 

Conspiracy, 1 

Violation emigrant laws, 17 

Wilful trespass, ,,.. ll 

Malicious mischief, ,.. 16 



Disorderly persons neglect- 
ing to support families, . . 



41 



prostitutes, .............. 27 

Misdemeanors violently en- 
tering houses in the n;ght 
^ 



Disturbing religious meetings 



36 



Abducting children, 

Nuisance, 3 



1 
] 8 Opening sealed letters unlaw- 



fully. 



4 Complaints of master aga nst 



apprentice, 3 

Pretending to be officers, 2 

Deranged persons, 13 

Violation auction 'law, . 



Violation election law, 



1 
1 
1 
1 

Threats, 34 

Vagrancy, 244 

Breach of peace, 56 1 

No. search warrants executed, 97 



The total number of persons committed to jail for all offences, . . 1231 

No. of persons sentenced 1o the Penitentiary, 152 

No of persons sentenced to the House of Refuge, 24 

No. of persons sentenced to the Jail at hard labor, 2.9 

No. of persons sentenced to ihe State Lunatic Asylum, 23 

No. of persons arrested for violation of city ordinances, in- 
cluding persons selling liquor without license, ^ . 2,09 



( 368 ) 



SALARIES OF STATE OFFICERS 1774, 

The salaries paid by the British crown to the principal 
civil officers in New York in 1774, were as follows: 

Governor, , 2,000 

Chief Justice, , 500 

Attorney General, , 340 

Indian Superintendent, 1,000 

The clerk and assistant clerk of the assembly were paid 
20s. per diem. New York currency, during the session, 
and the serge ant- at- arms and doorkeeper each 6s. per diem. 
The lieutenant-governor and the admiralty judges received 
no salary, 



INDEX. 



Abbott, James, 343 
Adams, Roland, 345 
Address on the state of the county, 

13, 15, 38 
to Pres. U S., 190 
Affray, 333, 343, 360, 364 
Agricultural society, 314 
Albany, by Liancourt, 117 

history of, 1 35 

advantages of location, 118 

colonised, 138 

Institute, 284, 341 

Academy, 141, 142,351, 

Daily Eagle, 355 

Library, 142, 150 
Alderman's oath, 219 
Allen, William, 340 
Allegiance, oath of, 47, 273 
Alms House, 142, 335 
Alvord, Charles E., 363 
Ames, Ezra, 157 
American Scientific Assoc., 353 
Ammunition shipped, 182 
Amphitheatre, 353 
Anderson, James, 345 
Anshe Emoth, 358 
Anti-renters, 140, 341, 357 
Aqueduct, new, filled, 361 
Armsby, J. H., 363 
Artillery, 188 
Arrivals at port, 223 
Arnold, Seth, 343 
Armstrong, Adam, 344 
Artillery company, 348 
Artcher, James, 356 
Assessment, 7, 8, 10, 11, 18, 19, 
20,21, 28, 30, 34, 47. 48, 49, 
53, 55, 152 

Association of citizens, 274 
Baas, 51 

Baker, Edward, 345 
Bakers, complained of, 12 
Baldwin, J., 338 
Balloon, 180 



388 Barry 



Bank, 150, 152, 157, 167, 172, 

173, 174, 177, 186, 352 
Bank failure, rumor of, 352 
Banker, A., 340 
Banker, Evert, mayor, 19 
Baptismal names, 114 
Baptisms in Dutch Church, 61 
Baptist Church, Green street, 336 
Barker, George F., 336 
Barley, price of, 164, 166, 363 
Barometer low, 335 
Barrett, Mary, 341 

, Mrs., 356 
Barry, Johanna, 341 
Barstow, S. S., 361 
Bartholomew, Capt. Andrew, 338 
Basin, 143, 356 
Bassett, Rev. J., 149, 177 
Bastard, 10, 69, 
Bath, 121 
Beal, Moses, 157 
Beals. Elizabeth, 337 
Bear, '349 

Becker, Jan, 18, 24, 28, 44 
Bed, hired for officers, 20, 21, 24 
Bell 4th Presb. church, 364 
Bellomont, Gov., 32, 38 
Beer, brewed to pay taxes, 8 
Beeren island, 57 
Belknap. Rev. Jeremy, 178 
Bender, C. W., 358 
Benham, Mrs., 356 
Bergatijns, 13 

Berne, 135, 169, 170, 171, 175 
Bever's creek, 43 
Beverwyk, 57, 288 
Birds, 122 

Birmingham, Margaret, 362 
Bishop, M., 351 
Bissell, Anna, 352 
Blackman, John, 350 
Blockhouse, 39, 53 
Bloodgood, Francis, 230 
Boardman and Gray Guards, 332 



370 



Index. 



Boedel of Jan Verbeek. 53, 54 

Bogue, Bridget, 362 

Bonfire, 33 

Booth, Philo. 337 

Born, Mary, 335 

Bouwery, 57 

Boundaries of county, 135 

Boyd, Dr., house burnt, 337 

Boyle, Margaret, 340 

Bracken, Mrs., 343 

Bradford, Mrs. Jane, 343 

Bradshaw, Mrs., 344 

Bramhall, G. C., 338, 339 

Bratt, Christopher, 349 

Bratt, Adam, 366 

Bratt, Barent A., 9 

Bratt. Anthony, treasurer, 29, 40 

Brant, 152 

Bray, James A., 358 

Bread, light, 12 

Bread, assize of, 146, 155, 164, 

166, 167, 173, 180, 185, 190 
Breweries, 227 
B:iare, Eliza, 346 
Bridge over basin, 356 
British spy detected, 201 

and Am. taxation, 122 
Bronson, Greene C., 346 
Bryant, John, 347 
Buckbee, Susannah, 344 
Buckley, Thomas, 345 
Buckwheat, 332, 363 
Buildings in Albany, 118, 183 
Bulger, Thos., 346 
Bulkley, John W., 351 
Bullock, Susan, 362 
Burgesses Corps, 355 
Burglars arrested 352, 359, 366 
Burglaries, 334, 336, 338, 341, 

343, 34.% 347, 351, 353, 

362, 363, 364, 365, 366 
Burgoyne, 126 
Burke. James, 366 
Burns, Catharine, 356 
Burton, John, 352 
Burton. Mrs. T., 361 
Bush, Mrs., 351 
Butchers, law regulating, 160 
Buttermilk Falls, 43, 122, 123 
Cald well's snuff factory. 119, 165 



Caldwell medal, 338 
Camel 182 

Cameron, John S. 337 
Campbell, George, 331 
Campbell, Wm. H., 347, 351 
Campbell. Mrs. Jane, 355 
Campbell^ Daniel, 359 
Campbell, Harmon. 360 
Canal closed, 332, 364 

route explored, 304 

authorized, 311 

opened, 344 

boat arrived, 344 

receipts, 355 

Capital punishment abol. 182 
Capital fixed at Albany, 140, 184 
Capitol, 141, 184 
Carbine, Francis, 172 
Carey, Mary, 338 
Carl, Wm., 356 
Carmen, regulated, 47 
Carpenter, Isaac 358 
Carroll, John, 34) 
Carroll, James, 339 
Cartwright, Richard, 166 
Cathedral, 335 

Catholic Church, 179. 1 87, 1 91,364 
Census, 22, 17-3, 243^280 
Charles, Mary, 345 
Charter election, 8, 19,27, 40,186 
Chambers, Thomar, 365 
Chronicle newspaper 182 
Churches, 142, 348 
Church robbery, 338 

North Pearl Methodist, 348 

Holy Cross, 364 

contributions, 192, 188 
City porter, his duties, 29 
City Temperance Society, 360 
Cities and villages, 135, 141 
Citizens not entitled to pardon, 52 
Citizenship, denned, 50, 51 
Circus, 361, 348 
Climate, 136 
Clare, Catharine, 351 
Clark, Michael, 343 
Clark, Humphrey, 335 
Clark, John, 343 
Clark, Thomas, 354 
Cleveland, Gen., 180 



Index. 



371 



Clerk, assistant, 52 

Cochran, Isabella, 362 

Coeymans. 55, 132, 135, 144, 175 

Cohoes falls, 127, 136 

Cohoes Village, 144 

Cohoes bridge, 173 

Cold day, 172, 183, 335, 336, 337, 

365, 366 

Cole, William. .345 
College, 150, 168 
Columbia Hose Co., 346 
Common Council, 362 
Commerce, 137, 147, 170, 223,226 
Commercial Bank Building, 365 
Commission of a corn viewer, 218 
Commons, patroon's prohibition, 

168 

Concert, 182 
Cone, Ashbel, 343 
Congress at Albany, 202 
Congregational Church, 331 
Conley, Elizabeth, 341 
Conliff, Mrs., 332 
Constables, sabbath duties, 20 
Cook, Wm. 360 

Samuel, 149 

Cooper's scale prices, 150, 155 
Cooper, John Anderson, 31 
Corn, brewed to pay taxes, 8 

export forbidden, 12, 13 
Corner. Ann, 366 
Cornell, Isaac, 346 
Coroner's inquest, 345 
Couldwetl, Richard N., 364 
County of Albany, 135 

divided, 146, 163, 169 
County Medical Society, 363 
Court house, 147 
Cow, fat, 161 
Cox, Wm. H , 347. 351 
Coyle, Terence, 365 
Crawford. Mary, 341 
Crawford^ Mary A., 346 
Cregier, Martin, forbid to harbor 

his daughter, 21 

claims a lot, 25, 28 

vs Johannis Cuyler, 36 
Crime, record of, 342, 354, 360, 

228, 362, 150, 227, 
Crimes, punishment of, 14D, 175, 

182, 187 



Croker, John, 344 

Cross, Joseph, 362 

Cummings, Wm., 339 

Cushman, Bridget, 365 

Daly, Owen, 365 

Danger to agriculture, 16 

Davis, M. A., 363 

Day.'s length, 334 

Dean, Mrs. Stewart, 366 

Dean, Nathaniel, 338 

Death by exhaustion, 345 

December, mild, 331 

Democratic meeting, 344 

Delliu?, Godt., 30, 31, 32, 79, 275 

Delevan House, : 42 

Democratic majority, 362 

Desertion, 15, 16. 39, 51 

Deyermand, El.za, 342 

District School procession, 357 

Dillon, James, 356 

Dillon, Sarah, 356 

Dix, Sarah S., 343 

Dog, wounded, 332 

Donnelly, Wm., 356 

Dorr, Elisha, 156, 232 

Dougal. Patrick, 352 

Drowned, 351, 354, 361 

D'uggists, shops, 362 

Dry Goods clerks, 356, 357, 358 

Dudley, Mrs., 359 

Dunbar, Reuben, 331, 337 

Duncan, W. H., 343 

Dundee Warehouse, 333 

Dunham, Wm. H., 354 

Dunlop, Robert, 365 

Dunn, Joseph, 343 

Dunn, Maria, 353 

Dutch Church baptisms, 61 

purchase Bever creek, 43 
pasture 14.9, 157, 188 
vcorlezer. 9 
collection, 188, 192 
new edifice, 178, 182, 188, 

192 

Synod, 347 
foundations, 354 
manners, 123, 127, 
names, 57 

names, baptismal, 114 
house. South Pearl St., 332 

Eage, Catharine, C66 




372 



Index. 



Eagle, Albany Daily, 355 
Earthquake, 147 
Eastern emigrants, 149, 169 
Eave spout, 156 
E.der, Robert, 329, 339 
Election, 19,27, 40, 146, 152, 156, 
157,159,164, 170, 176, 186, 
188, 191 

Ellis, Mary, 366 
Ellison, Thomas, 119 
Embankment carried away, 339 
Emery, Horace, 348 
Emigrant fare, 334 
Emigrant runner, 348 
Emmet Guards, 354 
English, license to teach, 327 
Engine co. elections, 363 
Engine company, 349 
Ensign, Elizabeth, 349 
Ensign, C. 352 . 
Epidemic, 204 
Esleek, Mrs. M. 358 
Evert, Peter, 348 
Expenses, contributions to, 19 
Export of grain prohibited, 12 
Fair, German Catholic, 358 
Falls, 135 

Farnham, S. A., 337 
A. J., 354 

Fast driving prohibited, 30, 47 
Feltman, John C., 340 
Female Academy, 141, 142 
Ferguson, Sarah. 348 
Ferry 127, 149, 220 
Fever in New York, 192 

in Albany, 204 
Fifth ward, 156 
Fill more, President, 346 
Finances, 147, 149, 189 
Fine, John, 45 
Firewood assessments, 10, 11, 18, 

19, 20. 28, 30, 47, 49 

masters, 42 

engine, 149 

limits, 186 

lottery for sufferers, 162 

money for sufferers, 163 

money for carmen, 183 

great, 1793, 160 

great, 1797, 187 



Fire, precautions, 20, 42 
aid of sufferers, 189 
brick factory, 353 

Fires, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 
346, 34S, 349, 350, 351, 
352, 353, 354, 356, 357, 
358, 359, 361, 362, 363, 
364, 365. 366 
number of, 362 

Firemen, 150, 186 

Fisher, Phebe, 359 

First Baptist Church, 336 

Fitzpatrick, Thomas, 331 

Flagler, H. K., 362 

Flats above Albany. 128 

Fleming, Samuel, 345 

Fletcher, Gov., to, 15, 18, 23 

Flint, Joseph, 363 

Flour, 173, 332, 355 

Foot, Truman S., 346 

Ford, David W., 337 

Forestalled, 12, 155 

Forgery, death penalty, 149 

Fort, ole, 1813, 1623, 138 

wooden and rotten, 39 
Sluyter's salary, 8 

Foster, Julia, 334 

Fourth July, 349 

Framing houses in streets, 167 

Franyan, John, 365 

Frederikse, Carsten, 199 

Freemen, 51, 52 

Freeholders, 170, 175, 176, 191 

Freshet, 22, 338, 343 

Fuller, Philo C., 334 

Funerals, 123 

Fur trade, 178 

Furbeck, George, 361 

Fusileers, 9 

Gage. Mrs., 357 

Gallagher, Bridget, 349 

Gallup. Albert, 362 

Gansevoort, Leonard, 347, 160 

Garrison, 15 

Gas meeting, 332 

Gate keeper's salary, 8 

Gaven, Rose, 363 

Gaylor, 339 

Gazette office burnt, 160 

Genet, Mrs. E. C. 231 



Index. 



373 



Genesee fever, 129, 154 
Geology of county, 136 
Geological Rooms, J 43 

survey, 316 

German Cath. Church, 358, 364 
Giant died, 352 
Gibbons, Esther, 354 
Gill, Robert, Jr., 353 
Gillen, Phebe, 363 
Gladding, Timothy G., 333 
Glass manufactory, 156, 157, 170, 

167, 176, 177 
Glen, Henry, 156 
Gombel. Eliz. A., 337 
Goodrich, Sidney, 347 
Governor's presence requested, 16 
Grain, export prohibited, 13 
Grand Jury, 360 
Grapes, 121, 128 
Gray, Sarah, 338 
Green street Baptist Church, 336 
Green. Wm. H., 34:1 
Green^ Julia H , 357 
Greenbush erected, 169 
Greer, Jane. 337 
Groesbeck, David, 170 
Groot, Emeline, 361 
Gullies, 120 
Gutters reformed, 156 
Hagatnan, Hiram. 348 
Hamilton, Alexander, 159 

village of, 177 
Hammond, S. H., 349 
Han Joost, 190 
Hanse, Hendrik, mayor, 40. 
Harris, Rodney, 339 
Hartness, Maria, 353 
Hastings, Mrs. F. F. 355 
Hawley, Mrs., 365 
Hayes, Catharine, 364 
Health, 179 

Helderberg, 58, 135, 136 
Helgat, 58 

Hemp, from the west, 151 
Henderer, Jacob S. 358 
Hendrickson, Maria, 342 
Henry, Jane, 337 
Henry, James. 347 
Hill, Elizabeth, 358. 
Hilson, Thomas, 352 
32 



Hilton, Richard, 169 

Hogen, Wm., high constable. 28, 

29 

Hogan, Bridget, 550 
Hogs, 337 
Holden, H. P., 342 
Hollister, N. S., 363 
Holy Cross, Church, 364 
Hose companies, 346 
j Hospital, 350, 362 
Hospitality, 123, 128 
Hotels, 142 
Hot day, 356 
Houghton, Alfred, 363 
Houghtaling, J. S., 266 
Houses, rental prices, 16, 18,23, 24 

for governor, 23, 186 

removed in time of war, 9 

not numbered, 178 
Hoyt, Mrs., 352 
Hudson, John, 157, 169. 170 
Hudson, Hendrik, aground, 342 
Hudson River R. R.,l 18, 348, 356, 

358, 359 

Hughson, Maria, 334 
Humphrey, Amanda, 334 
Humphrey, Friend, 361 
Humphrey, Friend W., 344 
Humphrey, Mrs., 344 
Humphrey, C. C., 353 
Humphries, Mrs,, 355 
Hungarian refugees, 355 
meeting. 365 

Hunt. Washington, 334, 335 
Hurst, Thomas' 345 
Hyde, Capt,, 16, 18 
Ice, breaking up, 328, 338, 339, 

340, 156 

broke through, 337 
Ilsley, Harriet, 345 
Immigration, 149, 154, 169, 176 
Improvements, 118, 191 
Imprisonment for debt, 162 
Incendiaries, reward for, 184 
Indian country, patent, 30, 31, 32, 

34 35, 181 

trade, 14, 39, 50,51. 4, 178 

treaty, 158, 167, 202 

captives, 144, 166 

encampment, 352 



374 



Index. 



Indians, prohibited the city, 13, 
40, 51, 52 

buying corn of, prohibited, 
20 

selling ram to, prohibited, 
30, 38 

houses, 22, 30, 33, 47, 53, 
54 

census of, 22, 23 
place of presents, 162 
in the city, 162 
Indictments, 360 
Industrial Legislature, 355 
Inhabitants, desertion of 16, 39 

list of, 275 
Inland lock navigation, 154 ,162, 

165,169, 178,180 181, 184 

navigation, 151, 174 
Institute, 281, 341 
Intemperance, 227 
Internal water c0mmimication T 

151, 174, 178. 181 
Isaac Newton, 332. 360 
Jail, 147, 150, 162 T 228 
James, William, 235 
Jay T Gov., 186 
Jeffrey, Rer. Mr., 336 
John, Captain T 173 
Johnson, Rev. J. B., 177 

Jane Ann, 336 
Johnstone, Ann, 331 
Jones, El enezer, 356 
Jones, Joshua J., 360 
Joost, Han, 190 
Judd, DeWitt C.. 366 
Justices' Court offices, 363 
Justice sued, 12 
Kane, James, 235, 343 
Kanes at Canajoharie, 125 r 129 
Kasson, Wm. T 354 
Keating, Richard, 336 
Keeler, Sarah A., 345 
Keith, David. 359 
Kennedy, Nancy, 339 
Kerin, William, 345 
Kidney, Jacob, 173 
King, Caroline R., 351 
Kirby, Amanda, 365 
Kirk", E. N. 332 
Kirkpatrick, Edward, 340 



Knickerbocker, 59 
Knickerbocker, Wouter, 187 

weekly pape r , 347 
Kossuth meeting, 365 
La Grange. Christian, 364 
Labor in 1795, 117 
Lamps, 120, 158, 170, 175. 186, 

189, 192 

Land, value of 1795, 117 
Lansing, Jacob J., 164 
Lansing, Martha, 339 
Lansii.g, Alida D. 340 
Lansing Jacob, 343 
Lay, John, 346 
Layton, Caroline, 341 
Leary. Thomas, 361 
Lebanon Springs turnpike, 190 
Leddy, James. 331 
Lee, Thos. Gilbert, 337 
Legislature, 183, 344, 347, 350 

extra session convened, 347 
Legislative reports, 182 
Lewis's tavern, 129, 150 
Liancourt, duke de, 117, 123 
Libraries, 137, 142, 150 
Licenses, 10 
Light horse, 334 
Lind, Jenny, 350, 352 
Liquor shops, 227 
Lispenard, Anthony, 218 
Little, Daniel, 352 
Littlejohn, Wm.. 345 
Livingston, Robt. jr., 52 
Loatwall, James, 351 
Longevity, 350 
Lotteries, 341 

Lottery for sufferers by fire, 162 
for Greenbush church re- 
fused, 162 

Lumber trade, 221, 224 
Lynch, Mary A., 344 
Lynch, Mary E., 345 
Lynch, Bernard, 347 
Lynch, Esther, 351 
Lyon, Philo D., 363 
Maben, A., 362 
McCann, C., 352 
McCann, Robert, 363 
McCardell, Joseph, 354 
McClement, Wm., 173 



Index. 



375 



McClosky, bishop, 358 
McCosker, A., 344 
McCreadie, Helen, 331 
McCullock, Mary, 359 
McCulloch, Robert, 355 
McDonald, John, 179, 182 
McEvoy. Margaret, 352 
McFarlane, Wm., 172 
McGee, David, 361 
McGraw, Elizabeth, 361 
McGraw, Martin, 361 
McGrath, Daniel, 346 
McGuire, Ellen, 345 
McGuire, Patrick, 356 
Mclntyre, A., 211 
McKaskell, Angus, 352 
McLachlan, John, 362 
McLaughlin, C., 345 
McNelly, H. E., 341 
McQuade, Anthony, 366 
Mail robbed, 346 

celerity, 179 

to Bennington, 147 

to Boston, 176 

routes, 166 

Malburn, Francis, 337 
Mancius, Geo. W., postmaster, 

169 

Manhattan steamboat. 332, 360 
Manor house built, 291 
Manufactures, 137, 143 
Maple sugar, 151, 155 
Market prices, 148, 355, 363 
Market house, 149 
Marselis, Ahasueris, 45 
Marselis, Hend. city porter, 28 
Martin, Sally, 341 
Matthew, Father, 356, 357, 
Maude's, travels, 116 
May. Lydia A., 339 
Mayell. Wm.. 172 
Mayor, first, 139 

salary of, 341 
Meads, Elizabeth, 335 
Meats, prices of, 160, 174 
Mechanics' society, 155 
Medical Alumni, 337 

society, county, 363 
society, N. Y. State, 338 
College, 137, 141, 143,359 



Megapolensis, 139 
Members of Assembly, 146, 165 
Merchants forestallers, 12 
Methodist Church, North Pearl 

Street, 348, 361 
Militia, 120 
Military furor, 333 

companies enumerated, 333 
Mills, Phebe, 362 
Mineral spring, 153 
Mineralogy of county, 136 
Missionary society organized, 184 
Mitchell, prof., 359, 361 
Mohog's patent, 30, 31, 32, 35 

loss by war, 16 
Mohawk and Hudson R. R., 336 

340, 351 

Moore, Mrs , 362 
Morgan, Capt. John, 348 
Morrow. James, 341 
Morse, Rev. Dr., 17S 
Morse's description of Albany, 118 
Mountains, 135 
Muddle, Mrs A., 352 
Mulligan, Michael, 360 
Munificent subscriptions, 359 
Murphy, Patrick, 356 
Museum, 190 
Natural history, 318 
Navigation, 1795, 117 
Navigation obstructed, 332, 334, 
168, 365 

unobstructed, 333, 

339, 340, 344 
Neely, Thomas, 348 
Neely, Sarah, 363 
Negro wench for sale, 167, 180 
Nelson, Robert R., 351 
Neskayuna, 144 
Nesbitt, Catharine, 363 
Neville, Catharine, 358 . 
New York Fusiliers, 348 
New York Stale Bank, 331, 335 
New World, 346, 352 
Newspapers, notes from, 145 
Night watch, 147, 149, 160, 161, 

186, 189, 192 
Nolan, Jeremiah, 341 
Norman. Eliza, 347, 
Normal School, 321, 352 



3T6 



Index. 



Northern rail road, 339. 361 

177. 186, 189, 190, 199 

Nott, Eliphalet. 191, 237 

Oath of allegiance, 47, 273 

Oaths of Alderman, 219 

O'Brien, Ann, 365 

O'Brien, Morgan, 356 

Observatory, 359, 361 

O'Connor, M., 336 

Offices, houses, hire of, 16 

Ogden, Wealthy, 362 

Ohio surveyors, 180 

Oliver, Lieut, applies for bed, 24 

Orphan Asylum, 207 

Orr, Mrs., 344' 

Osmond, Sarah ., 341 

Ostrander, John, sheriff 174 

Overslaugh, 130 

Packard, Isaac, 170 

Packer, Wm. S., 333 

Paddock. Charles, 365 

Palisadoes, 39 

Palmer, Ray, 331 

Papendorp, Adrian Gerritse, 193 

Paper mill, 157 

Parker, A. S., 357 

Parker, James, 11, 19. 23 

Passage to N. Y., 1795, 117, 118 

Patroons, 287, 284 

liberal in politics, 289 
Paving streets, 148, 152, 168, 177, 

178, 188, 156, 191 
Pay roll, 23, 24 
Peace, prep, to celebrate, 33 
Pearl street, last house, 332 
Peck, Daniel, 344 
Pedestrian, Stewart, 149 
Pemberton, Rufus B., 339 
Pennie, Amos, 365 
Pennel, Aaron. 167 
People's Church, 336 
Perkins and his tractors, 189 
Perry, Eli, mayor, 343, 344, 362 
Perry Guards, 333 
Peters, Jesse, 331 
Peters, Elizabeth, 361 
Philips, Ruth Ann, 349 
Pickering, Timothy, 158 
Picket, Mathew, 352 
Pickpockets arrested, 352 



Platt, Ananias, 164,177, 178 

Police justices, 363 

Police, new, 348 

Pomp tried, 161 

Pomp hung, 164 

Population of county, 135, 145 

146, 170 
Population, 118, 145, 146, 117 

183, 203, 228, 243 
Post roads extended, 150, 153, 

154, 166. 179, 185 ' 
Postage, 150 
Post office robbery, 338 
business, 353 
Pound, value of, 173 
Powers, Abram, 174 
Prentice, E. P.. 350 
Presbyterian burial ground, 229 
Presbyterian church, 151, 164, 

179, 182, 192 
President arrived, 346 
Price current, 148, 173 
Prime, Mary, 359 
Prime, Catharine E , 346 
Printing press, 169 
Printing office burnt, 160, 182, 
Provost, John, 15 
Proclamation, 38, 41, 42 

on Indian trade, 13, 51 
Proselytes, 16 
Prosperity j 118 
Provisions, prices, 122, 148, 155, 

173, 174, 333, 355, 3.63 
Pruyn,- Harriet, 353 
Public buildings, 184, 186, 191,141 

stores, 1 82 

Pulaski, Charles, 356 
Punishment of crimes, 175, 187 
Purdy, A. M., 341 
Pursuits of inhabitants, 137 
Putnam, Stephen, 350 
Rail roads, 136, 341 
Rail Road fare, 334 

speed increased, 342, 

358 

to New York, 348 
travel 353 
Rain storm, 340, 352 
j Randolph. Beverdy. 158 
I Rasey, W. A., 356' 



Index. 



377 



Ratcliff, John, city porter, 29 
Rathbone, J.,350 
Rattlesnake, 357 
Ray, Elizabeth C.. 353 
Ray, James, 360 
Rayns, Mary E. 346 
Reformer's convention, 355 
Reid, John, 303 
Reidy, Elizabeth, 356 
Reindeer, qudktrip, 347 
Relics Dutch Church, 354 
Religious denominations, 138 
Relyea, Peter, 348 
Rentier. Mrs. 356 
Rensselaerwyck, 138, 169, 140, 

146 

Rensselaerville. 135, 144, 169, 175 
Rensselaer Institute, 319 
Reuter, George, 353 
Reports of legislature, 183 
Revenues, 147, 149 
Revolution, 140 

Revolution, effects on prices, 122 
Rice, Nahum, 363 
Ridder, Mary. 331 
Ridgway, F. W. 345 
Riley, Isaac T. 344 
Riley, Owen, 335 
Riot, 342, 348, 353 
Rivers and streams, 135 
River low, 353, 356, 364 

closed, 332. 334, 365 

open, 156, 333, 339, 340 
- breaking up, 328 
Roach, Hannah, 350 
Robbery, 346, 364 
Robinson, T. E., 364 
Rogers, Joseph 361 
Rogers, Mafia L. 335 
Rull, Luther 306 
Rum, cost of transporting, 181 
Runners, 155 
Ruttenkill, 58 
Ryan, Sarah, 341 
Ryan, Ann, 342 
Ryan, John, 353 
Sabbath, police regulations, 20 

trade prohibited, 1 4' 

breaking, 21 
Sabbaton, Henry C., 365 



Sails, 136 

Sampson. Alex 332 

Saw mill, 43 

Scace, Edwin, 343 

Scalping, 16 

Schenectady, census ordered, 22,23 
visited by Maude, 124 
perilous road to, 147 
list of inhabitants, 277 
railroad, 336, 340, 551 
turnpike, 186, 187 

Schoharie co. formed, 169 

Schools, !37, 170 

School children, procession, 357 

Schoolmaster, English, 232, 327 

Schoonmaker, Cornelia, 336 

Schooners, 137 

Schuyler, John, 348 

Schuyler, Pr. Davidse, 13 

Schuyler, Philip, 146, 154, 171 

Schuyler mansion, 120 

J. Bradstreet, 173 

Scientific association, 353 

Scotch military company, 333 

Scott, Sarah, 364 

Seymour, Jane M., 360 

Senators resigned, 344 

Sharts, John, 355 

Shaw, Emetine, 361 

Shepherd Knapp, 341 

Shepherd, Jonathan, 174 

Shell, Caroline, 342 

Sherbrooke, Mary F., 356 

Shell. John, 358 

Sherman, Julia Ann, 366 

Shields. Adams, 345 

Shields', Elizabeth, 341 

Shields, Henry, 358 

Shilling, value of, 173 

Shipboy Thomas, 192 

Ship fever, 348 

Shutte, John, 327 

Simon, Mrs., 353 

Singular water craft, 174 

Skakkook, 34, 35, 56, 155 

Sleighing, 331, 364, 36 

Slaves. 179"), 1 I? 

Slave incendiaries, 160, 161, 163 
for sale, 167, 180 

Slaughter house, 120 



378 



Index. 



Sloop navigation. 117, 137, 147, 

167, 170, 226 
accommodations, 131 
passages, 117. 131 
speed, 147, 119, 167, 186 
Small pox, 147 
Smith, Maria, 364 
Snow, 331, 334, 335, 341, 343, 

363. 364 
Snow shoes, 16 
Snuff factory, 119, 165 
South Pearl street Baptist Church, 

358 

Soldiers, quartering of, 9, 15, 33, 
39 

sailed, 367 
Soulden, Wm. 353 
Specie, transit of, 165 
Spencer, John C., 350, 362 
Spencer, A. R., 257 
Spencer, John S., 341 
Spy, British, 20 1 
St. Matthew's Church robbed., 338 
St. Nicholas festival, 331 
St. Paul's Church, 245 
Staats, Elizabeths., 356 
Stafford, Mrs.. 344 
Stafford, Spencer, 164 
Stage to Whitestown, 154, 180 
Canajoharie, 157 
Ballston, 157 
Northampton, 168 
Lansingburgh, 164, 170, 

177, 178 

New York, 166, 172, 176, 
Western mail, 169 
Schenectady, 169, 177 
Boston, 176 
Fort Schuyler, 180 
Staple productions, 137 
State of the co., address on, 13, 15 
meeting on, 125 

State Geological Rooms, 143, 185 
Library, 142, 348, 353 
Hall, 141, 185 
offices, 185 

prison, 177, 178, 182, 186 
Steamboat speed, 346, 374 

detention, 360 
Steamers, 137, 226 



Steele, Horace D., 360 
Stevens, Ann E. 365 
Stevenson, Margaret, 336 
Stewart, pedestrian, 149 
Stillwell, Wm. B., 344 
Stockades, repair of, 9, 10, 41, 44, 
47, 50 

destruction of, 41 
Stockley, C. C., 343 
Stores, early closing, 356, 357, 

358 

Strawberries, 121 
Streets, number of, 141 

fast driving in, prohibited, 

30. 47 
Street lamps, 158. 170, 175, 177, 

186, 190, 192 
Streeter, John, 338 
Streeter, Mrs., 344 
Strong, Catharine, 3325 
Sturgeon, 122 

Subscriptions of citizens, 359 
Sullivan, Catharine, 365 
Surface of county, 135 
Surveyor of weights and measures, 

13 

Susquehanna Rail Road, 343 
Sutton, Bob, 361 
Swasey, Elizabeth, 337 
Synagogue, 358 

Synod, ."R. P. Dutch Church, 347 
Taxable inhabitants, 170 
Taxation. British ami American 

compared, 122 
Taxes, 7, 8, JO, 11, 12, 19, 21, 

30, 47, 54, 56, 122, 147, 

152 

beer brewed to pay, 8 
Taylor, Richard, 345 
Teelin, Alexander. 360 
Temperance society, '{40, 360 
Temperature, 172, 175, 1S3, 332, 

336, 349, 359, 365, 157 

variable, 366 
Tempest, 334 
Ten Broek, Dirk, 171. 172, 188, 

191, 192, 289 
Ten Eyck, Barent, 170 
Henry, 173 
Jacob C., 158 



Index. 



379 



Test, 273 

Thanksgiving, 332 

Thaw, 336 

Thermometer, see temperature 

Tiononderoga, 149 

Timher, 137 

TisdelJ, Wm. H., 329, 339 

Tivoli Hose company, 346 

Tobacco factory, 119, 165 

Tompkins engine company, 355 

Tompkins, Robert, 356 

Torch light procession, 349, 357 

Tontine, 1 53, 191 

Tow boats, 137 

Tow boat sunk, 355 

Towns in county, 125 

Townsend, F., 350, 343 

Tract Society, 333, 366 

Tractors metallic, 376 

Trade and commerce, 117 

right to pursue, 50 
Transportation, expenses, 181 
Travel, 353, 359 
Trinity Church, 244 
Trojan, steam boat, burnt, 352 
Trowbridge, Sylvester, 346 
Troy, 128, 175 
Trumbull, George, 356 
Turke, Jacobus. complaint agt. 19 

vs. Alida Schuyler, 28 
Turner, Catharine, 366 
Turnpikes, 187, 190 
United States Arsenal, 143 

Stores, 182 

University, 346, 347,361 
Vail, Jesse, 343 
Van Buskirk, Daniel, 347 
Van Curlaer, Arent, 170 
Vanderheyden, Ariaantje, 10,17,69 
Vandsrpool, Ant. Corn., 196 
Van Dusen, 343 
Van Heusen. Emeline, 363 
Van Ingen. CapU, 157 
Van Ingen, Henry, 357 
Van Netta, Rachel, 362 
Van Olinda, Daniel order restoring 

his wife, 21 

Van Rensselaer, Kiliaen, 138 
Van Rensselaer, Hend., obtains a 

patent of Skakkook, 34, 56 



Van Rensselaer, Solomon, 164, 
308, 310 

mills, 121 

Stephen, 165, 152,171, 172, 
1.91, 210, 281 

prohibited cutting wood on 

his commons, 168 

life and services, 281 

medal, 338 

Kiliaen, 286 

Jeremiah, 289 

Stephen, 359 

Van Schoonhoven, Mrs., 350 
Van Valkenburg, Annatie, her 

lot, 21 

Van Vorst, H. C., 349 
Van Waggoner, J. P., 365 
Van Zandt, C., 344 
Veeder, Jemima, 338 
Vegetable productions, 136 
Verbeek, John, 25, 26, 49, 53, 54 
Verbrogh, Peter, deceased, 29 
Vermont, payment for independ- 
ence, 165 
Verrebergh, 149 
Visscher, Matthew, 158 

Teunis, 166 
Volney arrived, 182 
Volunteers, N. Y., 360 
Voorlezer, 9 
Wages of laborers, 165 
Ward, Amelia, 345 
Washington, birth day, 339 
Washington Continentals, 357 
Washington Rifle Company 353 
Water, 123, 151 167, 176 

run in Pearl street, 17 

high, 22 

works, 342, 348, 361 
Waterfalls, 136 

lots, 166 

Waterford bridge, 127 
Watervliet street, 156, 168 
Watch, see night watch 
Watson, John T., 172 
Webster, post routes, 154, 155 
Webster, Chas. R., 242 
Webster, Daniel, 346 
Weed, James B., 348 
Weekly Express, 338 



380 



Index. 



Weaver, Wm., 354 
Well in Jonker street, 7, 19, 124 
Well in Pearl street, 17 
Wendell's Hotel, 181 
Wendell, Henry, *174 . 
Wendrum, Hannah, 345 
West Troy, 143 
Westerlo, Eilardus, 145 
West, Geo. Montgomery, 336 

Julia, 349 
Westerlo, Rensselaer, 344 

Eilardus, 145, 294 
Western land sale, 181 
Whalen Edward, 364 
Whalen, Jeremiah, -345 
Wharves, value of 1795, 117 

revenue of 149 

sale of, 166 
Wheat forestalled, 12, 
Wheat, 148, 155. 156, 161, 166, 

173, 174, 175, 178, 355 
Whig meeting, 344 
Whig General Committee, 345 
Whipping post abolished, 182 
White, Mary, 336 
White. Mrs., 349, 355 
Whitney, James, 351 
Wier, Sylvia, 338 
Wilkes,Mary E., 340 



Wilkes, Mrs. Susan, 348 

Willett, Elbert, 160 

Wills, ancient, 193 

Willis, James A.. 331 

Williams, John, 347 

Williams, Wm., 358 

Will son, L. G., 352 

Winne, Peter, 9, 27 

Winne, Adam, 351 

Winsley, John, 347 

Withers, Jane, 340 

Wood assessment, 10. 11, 18, 19, 
20, 28, 30, 47, 49, 
prohibition to cut, 168 

Wooster, M. E., 331 

Woods, John H., 357 

Wood worth, David, 361 

Wrightson, Thomas, 357 

Wynkoop, Jacohus, 172 

Ya'tes, Albertus, 170 

Yates, Abraham, mayor, 1.74, 178 

Yellow Fever, 159, 204 

Young, Symon, sheriff, 10, 15, 17 

Young Men's Association, 142, 
340. 349, 36f> 

Young, W; A., 362 

Zeh, Helen. 357 

Zuur kruyd, 61 



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