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It Las been said, truly, that antiquity has a just claim 
upon our veneration. But is does not follow, as has also 
been said in the same connection, that the enthusiastic 
antiquary, peering into the murky recesses of the olden 
ages, till his eyes become dim with ancient dust, must 
necessarily be wholly blind to the splendid realities of the 
present. The past and the present are equally the objects 
of preservation here. 

Among the contents of this volume will be found a 
portion of the Albany Records. They disclose the motives 
which induced Gov. Stuyvesant to insist, with so much 
resolution, upon the boundaries of Fort Orange, now the 
city of Albany. His employers at home strenuously in- 
culcated an energetic defence of the title to the premises 
against the patroon. The notes at the bottom of the pages 
of these records, in British New York currency, are the 
work of the translator, and seem to be discrepant, although 
the translator should have had the best knowledge of the 
subject. The same remark is made of the guilders reduced 
to English currency in parentheses. 

The current annals of the year are almost confined to a 
necrology; repetitions of events of daily occurrence, need- 
ing a greater lapse of time to give them sufficient dignity 
in print, have been somewhat abridged. 



Records of tlie Court of Assize, 1 

Capitulation of the Dutch to the English, 21 

Charter of Liberties and Privileges, 25 

Albany Records, 33 

City Records, 1699 to 1705, 88 

Plan of Albany, 1676, 188 

Acts relating to Albany, 1691 to 1713, 191 

Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, , . 206 

Stage coaches of the last century, 225 

Burning of Schenectady,. 226 

Schuyler's Expedition to Canada, 259 

Expenses of an Indian Treaty, 260 

Inscriptions in the Episcopal Burial Ground, 263 

Notes from the Newspapers, 1798 to 1805, 291 

Objections to the Adoption of the Constitution, 321 

Plan of Albany, 1765, 328 

Annals for the year 1852, 329 

Statistics of Real and Personal Property, 1852, 369 

Statistics of Albany Academies in 1852, 370 

Rain Tables, 372 

Opening and Closing of the River, 375 

Governors under the English Dynasty, 378 

Index, , 379 


Plan of City of Albany, 1770, .• . . Frontispiece. 

Plan of Albany, 1676, 188 

Coboes Falls, 219 

Stage Coacb of tbe last Century, , . .• 225 

Tbe Taylor Monument, 284 

Old City Hall, 311 

Plan of Albany, 1765, 328 



[From a volume in the Office of the Secretary of State, i] 

New York, Sept. 27th, 1666. 

William Teller Plaintiff, Cornelius Bogardus Defendant. 
An appeal from a verdict obtained in the Court at Albany. 

William Teller Plaintiff. The Executors of Cornelius 
Bogardus Defendants. Mr. Rider and Mr. Sharp attorneys 
for Plaintiff. 

They put in a Declaration complaining against the Judg- 
ment of the Court at Albany, whereby the Plaintiff' was 
ordered to give in a Particular of his Estate, as it was at 
ye Decease of his former wife that her children's portions 
might bee ascertained and secured. He alledges his 
ignorance of the Customes at Albany at that time so 
omitted, but gave it in Gross as hee was informed other 
had done before him; That it was absolutely impossible 
for him to comply with said Judgment, the property of 
divers things being altered, and it being so long since that 
many things are out of his minde, but hee is ready to 
sweare to what hee formerly gave in. A Copy was read, 
of the Plaintiffs giving in security to the Weesmasters for 
Three Thousand five hundred guilders for the Children, 
before his Second Marriage, which was published at Albany 
and in this City. That no exception was then made against 
it, so the Plaintiff tooke it for graunted, hee had performed 
his duty. 

Goosen Garretsens Evidence was read. 

1 Only such matters as relate to the city of Albany and its inha- 
bitants are copied from these records, which were kept in the city of 
New York, immediately after it came into the hands of the English. 

Annals, iv. 1 

2 Records of the Court of Assize, 

Mr. Bogardus appeares for the Defendants and putts in 
an Answer to the Declaration, and produces Proofes to 
make the [Plaintiffs fraud to appeare. Hee produces also, 
Depositions from severall other persons, which were ob- 
jected against, as taken since y^ Tryall at Albany. 

The Court having heard the Case debated at large and 
examined the proofes and Testimonyes on both parts, do 
thinke fit to Order and Decree as followeth (vizt.) 

William Teller Plaintiff. The Executors of Cornelius 
Bogardus Defendants. 

At the Generall Court of Assizes, &c. The Court doth 
Decree, That in regard y^ Appellant did not, according to 
the Law and Custome of y^ Country where hee Inhabitts 
(in such Cases Provided) give in a peculiar Account of his 
Estate to y^ Weesmasters or Overseers for Orphans, who 
are persons appointed to receive the same whereby the 
Court hath reason to suspect, that the Children are de- 
frauded of their due Rights Therefore the said Appellant 
shall pay to each of the Children hee had by his former 
wife, the Sume of Eighty-five Bevers, over and above what 
his Daughter Helena, the widdow of Cornelius Bogardus, 
hath received And that the said Appellant do put in Secu- 
rity to the Weesmasters or Overseers of Orphans at Al- 
bany, for the due performance hereof And further. That 
the said Weesmasters and Overseers are hereby required 
and Authorized to put this Decree in Execution according 
to the true intent and meaning hereof. And also, that the 
said Appellant do pay the Costs of Court and Charges. 

Nov. 4th, 1669. That ye Lawes relating here unto (uni- 
formity of Weights, &c.), shall be put in execution. The 
time for ye Inhabitants of this Citty of New York, Long 
Island & places adjacent to begin on ye first day of Jan- 
uary next, & for ye Towne of Albany, Rensselaerswijk, 
Schanecktade, als Kingston, Esopus and these parts adja- 
cent on ye 1st day of Aprill, by which tyme all persons that 
sell either by weight or measure are to be provided with 
weights and measures according to ye English standard of 
which ye Officers in each respective place are to take care, 
& that no person shall presume to sell by any other weight 
or measure. 

Records of the Court of Assize, 3 

Tlie Governor's Letter to y^ Commissaries at Albany. 

Gentlemen — There hath beene with the Governor Piere- 
wyr lately chosen Sachem of y^ Hackingsack Tappan & 
Staten Island Indians to renew and acknowledg y^ peace 
between them and the Xprime here & with all declared ye 
peace made between them & y*? Maques& Syunaks Indians, 
The which they say they are resolved to keep inviolably. 
The Governor hath comaunded me to signify ye same unto 
you & you may putt it upon record there as it will be here 
to be a Testimony against those that shall make ye first breach. 
This is all at present from 

Gent, Your very Loving friend 

New York, August 13th, 1669. 
To ye Commissaries at Albany, These. 

The Governor's Letter to ye Schout at Albany. 

Mr. G. Swart — I understand that in taking ye security 
of Captain Baker, for his appearance at ye Assizes you tooke 
an Inventory of all his goods and engaged them likewise ye 
which you had no direction to do the Assizes being putt of 
for a month your former bond stands good, but in ye meane 
tyme you are no way to molest Captain Baker in ye disposal! 
of his goods either by way of Trade or any other occasione 
he shall have for them so that he make not away all his Es- 
tate with fraudulent intent to deceive ye course of Law and 
Justice which is all I have to say at present being 

Your Loving friend 

F. Lovelace. 

New Yorke, October 2d, 1669. 
For Mr. G. Swart Schout at Albany, These. 

The Governor's Letter to the Schout and Commissaryes at 


Gentlemen — The Governor hath received ye propositions 
you sent from ye Matucander Indians a Copy where of he 
doth intend to transmitt to Governour Winthrop from whom 
he dayly Expects a returne of all ye former papers of which 

4 Records of the Court of Assize, 

you will have an Acct. The Governour hath given me 
Orders to acquaint you that he would have you as formerly 
to provyde a scow to help y*^ souHiers in their provision of 
fire wood against winter which is all at present from Your 
Loving freind Matthias Nicolls. 

October 27th, 1669. 
To ye Sellout & Commissaryes at Albany. 

The Governoi'^ s Commission for Jan Juriaens Becker to 
be publique notary at Albany. 

Francis Lovelace Esquire, one of y^ gentlemen &c. 

Whereas It is thought convenient that there should be a 
publique Notary at Albany as formerly in which place at 
present there is no person to Execute that office & having 
conceived a good opinion of ye Capacity and fittness of Jan 
Jurians Becker upon ye Recommendations given of him to 
me I have thought fitt to nominate & appoint & by this my 
present Commission I do nominate Constitute & appoint him 
ye said Jan Jurians Becker to be publique Notary for y® 
Town of Albany, Rensselaerswijck Schanectade & places adja- 
cent. By virtue of which Commission he hath power to attest 
any Deeds, Instruments, wills, Testaments, Codicell, con- 
tracts. Agreements or any other Acte or Actes as publique 
Notaryes have usually power to doe as also to take & receive 
such privileges & advantages as to ye office of a'publique No- 
tary doth any way belong or appertaine He taking ye oath in 
ye Lawes appointed for ye due perfourmance of ye Trust re- 
posed in him. Griven under my hand & sealed with ye Scale 
of ye Colony at Fort James in New Yorke this 1st day of 
November in ye 21st year of his Majesties 'Raigne Anno 
Domini 1669. 

An Order concerning Weights and Measures. 

"Whereas by an Acte of ye last Grenerall Court of Assizes 
It was ordered That all weights & measures to be used 
within this Grovernment should be brought to the English 
standard & that no goods or comodityes should be either 
bought or Sould by any other weight or measure in this 
Citty of New Yorke, Long Island & places adjacent after 

Records of the Court of Assize, 5 

the first day of this Instant January & at Albany, Kings- 
ton, and those parts after ye first day of March next under 
ye penalty in y*^ Lawe sett forth. But finding it very diffi- 
cult & Inconvenient to putt y^" said Acte in practise at y^ 
tymes & places prescribed for want of a sufficient quan- 
tity of weights and measures of y^ English standard to be 
disposed of and disperst throughout y^ Government, I 
Have therefore with the Advice of my Councell thought 
fitt & by these presents do thinke fitt to order publish & 
declare that it shall and may be lawfull for any person or 
persons within this Government to sell and buy by y^ same 
weights and measures they have been heretofore accus- 
tomed unto untill ye Country can be supplied with such 
other weights & measures as in ye said Acte of Assizes are 
required for ye which all speedy Care shall be taken Al- 
wayes provided That every one do observe & performe 
their Contracts ye One with ye other whether they agree 
to sell or buy by English or Dutch weight or measure so 
that no fraudulent or sinister dealing be practised for want 
of putting ye former Acts & Orders touching this matter in 
Execution. And all manner of persons are hereby injoyned 
to yield obedience to this Order which is but Temporary 
The said Acte of ye Generall Court of Assizes or any other 
Acte or Lawe to ye Contrary in any wise not withstanding. 
Given under my hand & Sealed with ye Scale of ye Co- 
lony at Fort James in New Yorke this ffirst day of January 
in ye 21st yeare of ye Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord Chirles 
ye Second by ye Grace of God of England, Scotland, France 
and Ireland Kinge Defender of y^ faith &c. Anno Domini, 

The Governor' s Letter to Capt. Lovelace. 

Brother — I Received Yours of ye 2d of April, 1670 by 
Jaques Cortelijou & have not since had an opportunity to 
returne you an answer neither was I much solicitous so to 
doe for my Expectations were to see you here dayly but 
understanding of new resolutions you have taken of goeiug 
up to Albany & Mr. Delavalls occasion likewise calling him 
thither, I am very willing you should accompany him & y^ 
rather in regard some publique affaires will occur which 

6 Records of the Court of Assize. 

will require y^ assistance of some commissioner for their 
dispatch You are there to assist Mr. Delavall in ye Execu- 
tion of such things as shall tend to y^ goods & welfare of 
those partes & likewise if any private business shall fall 
under your consideration to determyn it as shall be agreeable 
to Justice & ye satisfaction of y^ oppressed amongst which 
here haveing beene a complaint exhibited against Captain 
Baker by Jochem y^ Baker & finding it not only difficult 
but too tedious to decide ye Controversy here I have thought 
it good to transfer ye matter to ye Magistrates at Albany 
together with Mr. Delavall & yourselfe as Commissioners as 
if authorized by ye formality of a Commission I know you 
will be vigilant to have an inspection into all matters that 
shall relate to ye publique both as to ye Garrison and Civill 
affayres ye account whereof I shall expect from you both 
not doubting but that you will comport yourselfe with such 
prudence & moderation as shall tend to ye firme Establish- 
ment of ye publique interest there & give me an occasion to 
subscribe my selfe 

Your affectionate brother 

Fran : Lovelace. 
Fort James 11th of Aprill, 1670. 

Instructioiis for Mr. TJiomas Delavall & Capt. Dudley 
Lovelace at their arrival to Albany. 

1. That they show Mr. Winthrops Letter to me to y^ 
Magistrates there & consult what is best to be done to y^ 
Accomplishment of a peace between ye Maquases and north 

2. To see in what Condition ye Garrison is & to con- 
trive a way for ye reparation of ye ffort. 

3. To state ye souldiers Accounts & in forme me what is 
due to them that so they may be supplyed. 

4. To see in what reparations ye confiscated houses are 
& (if an advantagious proffer) happens to contract for ye 
sale of them. 

5. To see how ye Excise is paid & what is in Arrears and 
to forme it anew for ye year ensuing. 

Records of the Court of Assize, 7 

6. To Examyne into Mr. Renslaers Rent of Come & what 
lie is behynde & to speed it hither as likewise to put it in a 
cerfaine method. 

7. To acquaint ye Magistrates that I look upon that 
Church & Ministry as the porochiall Church of Albany (for 
it was found Establisht by my predecessors & myself) & 
leave y^ supportation of it to y^ discretion of ye magistrates 
to maintaine a minister either by way of Taxe or otherwise 
& that no Inhabitant of what opinion soever be Exempt but 
bear his proportion & that they give me an Account of their 
transactions in this perticular. 

8. To make a prohibition that no strangers coming from 
hence or goeing from Albany that have no residence at 
Schanecktade to trade there & that ye Inhabitants of that 
place be likewise lymited as to their Trade with ye Indians. 

9. To inquire if it were not more advantagious to y^ 
Towne of Albany to have another house for ye Indians at 
ye Entrance of ye Town below ye Hill that so ye Inhabitants 
may have an Equal benefitt of ye Trade as well those that 
are below as those above. 

10. To prosecute ye design of raysing a Troop of horse 
there of ye which I recomend Mr, Renslaer to be Capt. 

An order for y^ suspension of y^ Ministeriall functions of 
Mr. Jacobus Fahritius at Albany. 

Whereas upon severall Complaints ye last year made 
unto me by ye Magistrates of Albany against Magister 
Jacobus Fabritus Pastor of ye Augustan Confession in that 
he intrenched upon ye Civill Authority there I then thought 
good to suspend his ministeriall function at Albany until 
either by Letters or the mediation of friends he should be 
reconciled to ye Magistrates there & that I from them should 
receive a Testimony of his reconciliation the which hath in 
no measure performed & there being now a difference like- 
wise depending before me between ye said Magister & a 
Burger of this Citty for ye reasons aforesaid & for some 
other Considerations I have thought fitt for ye present to 
continue ye suspention of ye said Magisters Ministeriall 
functions at Albany & think it not Convenient therefore 
doe order that he go not up thither untill I goe myselfe 

8 Records of the- Court of Assize, 

which I intend this sumer when all differences between ye 
said Magister & y^ Magistrates or others there may y^ better 
be composed or j^ Occasions removed by my presence. In 
ye mean tyme he y^ said Magister Jacobus Fabritus hath 
liberty to Exercise his Function in theise partes as hereto- 
fore without any disturbance, provided he likewise give no 
trouble or molestation to others differing in Judgment from 
him. Given him my hand at Fort James in New Yorke 
this 11th day of Aprill in y^ 22d yeare of his Majesties 
Raigne, Anno Domine, 1670. 

A pardon graunted to Jan Roeloffs. 

Francis Lovelace Esq., &c. Whereas Jan Roeloffs did 
in ye month of July, 16(35 by an unhappy accident in shoot- 
ing of a Gunne at unawares in one of ye streets of y^ Towne 
of Albany wound ye body of Gerritt Verbeek an Inhabitant 
of that place of which said wound he dyed. The which 
being strictly Examined & inquired into by ye ofl&cers there 
& represented to my predecessor Coll. Richard Nicolls, & 
withall that ye said Jan Roeloffs & Gerritt Verbeeck had not 
any private Grudg or former difference upon any occasion 
between them as also that the Gunne was not knowne by y« 
said Jan Roeloffs to be loaden when he shott it of. The 
said Gerritt Verbeeck having likewise forgiven and acquitted 
him upon his death bed of any ill or malitious intent against 
him. Upon which & divers other considerations my prede- 
cessor was induced to order and promise a pardon unto y^ 
said Jan Roeloffs for ye said fact ye which he having not 
unto this day procured in forme as by ye Lawe is required 
he being ignorant of ye Customes in such cases used : Upon 
ye request of ye said Jan Roeloffs & at ye instance of his 
relations in this place that ye work of mercy begun by my 
predecessor might be compleated his Cryme appearing to 
be no other than Unhappy Accident without any malitious 
intent, I have thought good to Ratifye & confirme what was 
heretofore ordered & promised by my predecessor. And by 
these presents do give, graunt Ratifye & confirme unto ye 
said Jan Roeloffs a free pardon for the aforesaid offence 
touching yi Accidentall death of ye said Gerrit Verbraeck 
with a release of all forfeitures and Escheats of any Estate 

Records of the Court of Assize, 9 

belonging to him which according to y^ strictnesse of ye 
Lawe might be Extorted from him so that he hath all 
priviledg to follow his vocation or calling as formerly with- 
out any Lett hinderance or disturbance from any person or 
persons whatsoever within this Grovernment or any other 
of his Majesties Dominions upon y« occasion before specified. 
Given under my hand & Sealed with y*^ Scale of y^ province 
at flfort James in New Yorke this 1st day of May, 1670. 

An Order for Jan Jurtans Beecker to be Schoolmaster at 


Whereas Jan Jeurians Beecker had a Glraant to keep y« 
Dutch school at Albany for y^ teaching of youth to read 
& to wryte y*= which was allowed of and confirmed to him 
by my predecessor Coll. Richard Nicolls Notwithstanding 
which severall others not so capable do undertake ye like 
some perticular tymes & seasons of y- yeare when they have 
no other Imployment, where by y^ Schollars removing from 
one Schoole to another do not onely give a great discourage- 
ment to y*^ maister who makes it his businesse all y^ yeare 
but also are hindred & become y^ more backwards in their 
learning ffor y^ Reasons aforesaid I have thought fitt that 
ye said Jan Jurians Beecker who is esteemed very capable 
that way shall be ye allowed schoolmaster for ye instructing 
of ye youth at Albany & partes adjacent he following ye said 
Imployment Constantly & diligently & and that no other be 
admitted to interrupt him It being to be presumed that ye 
said Beecker for ye youth & Jacob Joosten who is allowed 
of for ye teaching of ye younger children are sufficient for 
that place. Griven under my hand at fi"ort James in New 
Yorke this 16th day of May, 1670. 

The Governor* s License^ granted unto John Shutte, for 
teaching of the English Tongue at Albany. 
Whereas the teaching of the English Tongue is necessary 
in this Grovernment ; I have, therefore, thought fitt to give 
License to John Shutte to bee the English Schoolmaster at 
Albany : And upon condition that the said John Shutte 
shall not demand any more wages from each Schollar than is 

10 Becords of the Court of Assize. 

^iven bj the Dutch to their Dutch Schoolmasters, I have 
further granted to the said John Shutte that hee shall bee 
the onely English Schoolmaster at Albany. 

Given under my hand, at Fort James in New York, 
the 12th day of October, 1665. 

Rich'd Nicolls. 

An Order for Trentie Melgers to he a profest sworne Mid- 
wife at Albany. 

Whereas I am given to understand that Tryntje Melgers 
ye wife of Wynant Grertse Vander pool a sworne & approved 
midwife at Albany in which Impioyment she hath Con- 
tinued for ye space of fourteen years past in good reputation 
not refusing her assistance but on ye contrary affording her 
best help to y^ poorer sorte of people out of Christian 
Charity as well as to y^ richer sorte for reward & there being 
severall other less skilfull women who upon occasion will pre- 
tend to be mid wives where they can gaine by it but refuse 
their helpe to ye poore. These presents Certifye That I 
doe allow of y*^ said Tryntie Melgers to be one of ye profest 
sworne midwives at Albany & that she & one more skil- 
full woman be only admitted to Undertake ye same there 
Except upon Extraordinary occasions. They continuing their 
Charitable assistance to ye poore & a diligent attendance on 
their calling. Given under my hand and Scale at ffort 
James in New Yorke this 27th Day of May 1670. 

An Order for Dirck Theunissen to have ye privilege of 
Gutting and gelding of horses. 

Whereas I am informed that it hath formerly beene a 
Custome in ye Collony of Renslaerswijck Albany & parts 
adjacent to have some knowne skilfull person approved of 
& allowed for ye cutting or gelding of stone horses in those 
parts In which Impioyment ye father of Dirk Theunisse 
Thuysman was alone settled by ye authority then in being 
who having well instructed his sonne in that Arte did sell 
and assigne over his priviledg unto ye said Dirck Theu- 
nissen his sonne. These presents Certify all whom it may 
concerne that I do thinke fit to allowe of ye said Dirck 

Beeords of the Court of Assize. 11 

Theunisen to have ye Priviledg sould him by his father as 
aforesaid at Albany Renslaerwijck & Schaneckade for cutting 
or gelding; of such stone horses there as y^ owners shall 
employ him about & that no other do molest him therein he 
performing with his best skill & diligence what he under- 
takes & shall be imployed upon that occasion. Given under 
my hand & scale at ffort James in New Yorke this 27th day 
of May 1670. 

All Order for Maritie Damen quietly to possesse her Land 

at Albany. 

Whereas Maritie Damen ye wife of Cornelys Van Nes of 

Albany did obtayne a patent from my predecessor Coll. 

Richard NicoUs for a certaine peice of Land called Canes- 

tagione y^ which severall persons as I am informed who 

have since purchased Land neare unto it upon pretence of 

an Order that all those Lands should be layd & divided 

into Lotts doe give out that they will without y^ consent 

of y^ owner divide & cast Lotts for y^ same although she 

be willing of herselfe to obey the Order made concerning 

y« Erecting of houses in a Neighborhood : These are to 

require all persons whom this may Concerne That they 

forebare giving any molestation or disturbance unto y^ 

said Maritie Damen in ye Enjoyment & possession of her 

Land upon any pretence whatsoever, but that all matters 

relating thereunto doe remaine as they are untill I shall 

come up myselfe or send some persons to give Orders 

therein as ye nature of ye Cause shall require. Given 

tinder my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 8th day 

of June 1670. 

William Hoffmeyer appointed Come Meeter at Albani/. 

Whereas it is Thought convenient & very necessary that 
some person should be employed as a sworne Corne Meeter 
at Albany to measure all manner of Graine or Corne that 
shall from thence be brought downe ye Ryver in any sloop 
Boate or Vessell ye which will prove as well to ye satisfac- 
tion of ye masters of such Sloopes boats or vessells who 
take it on board as of those who are to receive ye same 

12 JRecords of the Court of Assize, 

upon consideration hereof, I have thought fitt to nominate 
& appoint & by these presents do nominate & appoint 
William Floffemeyer to be y^ Corne Meeter at Albany who 
is to take an oath before y^ Commissaryes of that place for y*^ 
due and carefull performance of his Imployment& all persons 
concerned after y^ Publication hereof are required not to load 
on board any sloop, boate or vessell any sort of Grayne or 
Corne to be brought down y« Ryver untill it shall be first of 
all measured by y^' sworne Corne Meeter who is to receive for 
his paines & trouble such reasonable allowance as is usuall in 
other places or shall be ordered recommended by y commis- 
saryes: Given under my hand and Seale at ffort James in 
New Yorke this 13th day of June in y^ 22d yeare of his 
Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 

No Stranger or Strange Vessell permitted to Trade np to 
Albany or Sopez without paying ye Dutyes required here. 

Whereas It is Represented unto me by y^ Mayor & 
Aldermen of this Citty that it proves a very greate Incon- 
venience to ye Inhabitants here that divers Strangers and 
Strange Vessells any way Related to this place or Province 
doe frequently goe up Hudson's Ryver to Esopus & Albany 
there to trade & traffique Contrary to former Constitutions 
& Customes in such cases provided. It is this day ordered 
That no Stranger or Strange Vessell shall be permitted 
from & after ye Date hereof to passe up y^ said Ryver to 
either of y - places aforesaid there to trade or TraflSque upon 
any pretence whatsoever. However Such Vessells unload- 
ing their goods in this Citty & paying ye Dutyes required, 
the Owners of such goods have liberty to transport them 
into these parts in any other Vessels belonging to this port 
& may go up themselves with leave to negociate there hav- 
ing first obtayned ye priviledg of being free Burgers of this 
Citty. Given under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke 
this 27th day of June in ye 22d yeare of his Majesties Raigne 
Anno Domini 1670. 

A Passe for John Dixe Master of y^ Sloop y^ Cock. 

These are to certify all whom it may concerne that I have 
given liberty to John Dixe Master of ye Sloop ye Cock to 

Records of the Court of Assize, 13 

passe with his said Sloop up y^ River to Albany with her 
loading where he hath freedome to trafick as ye rest of y° 
Inhabitants of this Citty of which place he is admitted a 
Burger. Given under my hand this 23d day of August, 1670. 

An Order for John Povey & Juriaen Jansen to he Puhlique 
Butchers at Alhanye. 

Whereas it is Thought Convenient that some person or 
persons should be Lycensed & appointed at Albany as pub- 
lique butchers to slaughter & kill such beasts & cattle for 
ye use of ye Towne as are Etable & in good condition. To 
prevent severall abusses therein I have thoughtfittto graunt 
Lycense to John Povey & Juriaen Jansen Two persons In- 
habitants of ye Towne that have beene Recommended to me 
to be of Capacity & to have good knowledg in ye Trade of 
Butchers. That they shall have ye Priviledg to slaughter 
& kill any sorte of beasts & cattle in good condition fitt to 
be killed & usually vendible & ye same to sell to ye Inhabit- 
ants of ye Towne or others. And that none else of ye 
Towne have ye like priviledge Except it be for their private 
Expence of provision in their owne familyes. They ye said 
Povey & Jansen engaging to supply ye Towne for their bet- 
ter Accommodation with fresh Provision at such tymes of 
ye yeare as they shall be in season ye which they are to 
performe with Care accordingly. 

Given under my hand & Scale at ffort James in New 
Yorke this 23d day of September in ye 22d yeare of his 
Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 

The Governor's Letter to y^ Commissaryes at Albany. 

Gentlemen — I have Received your Letter with ye Double 
choice of Commissaryes of which I do approve of Goosen 
Gerritse & Jan Hendricks Van Baas for Albany & Theunis 
Cornelijs Van der Poel for Renslaerwijck. This you'l re- 
ceive by ye hands of your Neighbours Captain Jeremias Van 
Renslaer & Captain Philip Pieters at their retorne home 
which is all at present from 

Your very Loving friend, 

7er 26th 1670. Fran. Lovelace. 

Annals^ iv. 2 

14 Records of the Court of Assize, 

An Order for separation of Albert Andriessen & Gertruyd 


Whereas strife & difference hath arisen betweene Albert 
Andriessen & Gcrtruyde Vosburgh his wife with y« which 
j*^ Commissaryes at Albany being acquainted fynding there 
Inclinations averse from living together as man and wife 
ought to doe they did by consent make an Agreement of 
their Seperation as likewise how their estates are to be di- 
vided betweene them. These are to K-atifye and Confirme 
what hath.beene Already ordered as to that perticular by 
y« which each partye is to res satisfyed without giving any 
further trouble upon this occasion. Given under my hand 
at ffort James in New Yorke this 24th day of October 1670. 

An Order for Thomas Delavall Usq., to have y^ Lott of 
Land formerly graunted to Jotham Wessels at Albany, 

Whereas Jotham Wessels of Albany did obteyne a Pa- 
tent of me for a double Lott of ground upon y^ Hills there 
next above Captain Philip Pieters Schuylers upon pretence 
of Erecting very good building thereupon like to y^ rest of 
his neighbors & that y« same was proportionable to what 
they had ye which appears to be otherwise neither hath he 
built upon more than ye next Lott to Philip Peters y^ other 
being onely fenct in, & left void, Contrary to y« Intent & 
meaning of y« disposall thereof. I have therefore thought 
fitt to graunt ye Lott next above where y^ said Jotham hath 
built upon ye Hills unto Thomas Delavall Esq., Mayor of 
this Citty who hath liberty to erect a house and building 
thereupon y^ same conteyning 20 foot or thereabouts in front 
of ye which when a due Survey shall bee taken and re- 
torned to me he may have a Pattent of Confirmation any 
former graunt or Patent for ye same notwithstanding. 
Given under my hand and Scale at ffort James in New 
Yorke, this 22d day of October in ye 22d yeare of his Ma- 
jesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 

No Stranger or Strange Vessells permitted to go up y^ 
North Ryver to Esopus or Albany. 

Whereas I have Received a Petition from divers of y® 
Inhabitants of this Citty & Province who trade in Sloops & 

Records of the Court of Assize, 15 

small vessells. That no Strangers or strange vessells may 
be permitted to go up y'' North Ryver to Esopns or Albany 
concerning which there hath an Order beene formerly made. 
I Have therefore thought fitt by ye Advice of my Councell 
that ye former Order bearing date y^ 27th day of June last 
be revived & standing in force to all Intents & purposes & 
that no person or persons do presume to transgresse herein 
at their perills of which ye Officers at ye Custome house are 
to take a strict & Exact Account, Given under my hand at 
ffort James in New Yorke this 9th day of March, 1670. 

A Letter from y^ Governor to if Mayor of y^ City. 

Mr. Mayor — You being one of ye Councell & well 
known in all ye publique Affairs at Esopus & Albany whe- 
ther you are now takeing a voyage I shall not need to give 
you any particular Instructions but referr all Matters of that 
nature which shall come before you there to your prudent 
Management of which at your Returne I shall expect an 
Account. Soe wishing you a prosperous & Speedy voyage I 

remaine o- t i? • ;s 

feir your very Lov : rriena 

* • oo^i, ic'-i Fran: Lovelace. 

Apr : 28th, 16/1. 

Grant to Mr. Thomas Willett to sayle up Hudson's River 
to Trade notwithstanding y^ late Order &c. 
Whereas there is a Prohibition for all strange vessells not 
related to this City or Province to sayle up ye north River 
comonly called Hudsons River either to Esopus. or Albany 
thereto trade or traffique, And Captain Thomas Willett who 
hath formerly been twice Mayor of this City & is present one 
of the Councell to this his Royal Highness Government have- 
ing now a Vessell or sloope here in this Porte called ye Suan 
which hee hath a desire should sayle up ye said River with 
Goods the which in strictness may be adjudged a strange 
vessell & soe not tolerated to doe ye same haveing not been 
built within this Province (although in one of his Majesties 
neighboring Plantations) To ye .end that scruple may be re- 
moved I have thought fitt to Grant unto ye said sloope 
known by ye name of ye Swan as aforesaid shall ffrom & 
after ye Date hereof be lookt upon a ffree sloop of this pro- 

16 Becords of the Court of Assize, 

vince & shall have y^ like liberty privilege & ffreedome to 
sayle up the said River to any other Porte or Place within 
this Government as other vessells or sloopes of this City or 
Province may lawfully doe In like manner as if shee had 
been built in this place & soe shall he taken as any vessell 
belonging to this Porte ; Kny Custome or Order to ye Con- 
trary in anywise notwithstanding. Given under my Hand 
and Scale at fforte James in New Yorke this 15th day of May 
in ye 23d yeare of his Majesties Reigne Anno Domini 1671. 

Fran: Lovelace. 
To all officers or whom else this may concerne. 

An Order about y^ Lutheran Members of this City. 

At a Councill held at Forte James in New Yorke ye 29th 
day of June 1671. 

Present — ye Mayor & Aldermen of the City. 

The diflPerence betweene ye Lutheran Magister Jacobus 
Fabricius &c., & those of that Church that petitioned against 
him being taken into mature and deliberate Consideration ; 
It is ordered that all those persons of that profession who 
have consented or subscribed to ye payment for the Church 
House that they pay their proportions according to Agree- 
ment and likewise they pay or cause to be paid unto ye said 
Magister Their Pastor their proportions of his Salary, untill 
ye time of their late publique Disagreement, upon which ye 
Governor gave Commission to Mr. Lawrence & others to 
examine into the same. 

An order about y^ Lutherans in Ansiver to a petition pre- 
sented by some of that Congregation dissenting from y^ 
rest^ &c : 

Whereas a difference hath lately arisen between some of y® 
Lutheran Confession in this City & Jacobus Fabricius their 
Pastor whereupon Hendrick Williamson, Bay Croesvelts, 
Johannes Freeze on ye behalf of themselves & others have 
preferred a Petition unto mee, desireing that they may have 
nothing more to doe with their said Pastor nor that he may 
more molest them ; As also that some person may be ap- 
pointed to supervize their Accounts & receive y^ money 
they have subscribed to for their church, with some other 

Records of the Court of Assize. 17 

particulars in ye said Petition sett forth; These are to 
Authorize & appoint Mr. John Lawrence one of the Alder- 
men of this City and a Commissioner appointed To endea- 
vour a Composure in this Affayre to Supervise y^ Accounts 
of y^ Petition & to receive ye moneys which already are or 
shall be Collected from y« persons who have subscribed to 
pay the same towards ye Church, as also to make an Entry 
according to their desire of all such Vtensils as doe belong 
to ye Church, of all which hee is to render mee an Account 
for soe doeing this shall be his Warrant, Given under my 
Hand at Forte James in New Yorke this sixth day of July, 

Franc : Lovelace. 

Gentlemen — I have lately received Letters from ye Duke 
wherein it is particularly signifyed unto me that his Royall 
Highness doth approve of ye Toleration given to ye Lutheran 
Church in these partes I doe therefore Expect that you Hue 
freindly & peaceably with those of that profession givingthem 
no disturbance in ye Exercise of their Religion as they shall 
reciue noe Countenance in but on ye Contrary strictly 
Answer any disturbance they shall presume to give unto 
any of you in your divine Worship, So I bid you farewell 

Your very Loving freind 
Fort James in New Yorke this 13th Day of October, 1669. 

Letter from y^ Governor to Captain Delavall at Albany upon 
y^ Rumour that the ffrench were Comeing towarde us, &c : 

Deare Sir — I received your last ample Letter from Albany 
though when it arrived I was on Staten Island with a Mill 
Wright to search a convenient place to fix a Mill on ; ye 
person you employed to deliver it mee made soe fearfull a 
Narrative af ye approach of ye ffrench, as if ye very Sword 
were already at your Throats ; That together with Manning's 
impatience in presently despatching an Express to mee 
(whereas if hee had staid but 3 houres I had been with him 
of my own Accord) begatt so great a pannique ffeare 
amongst ye Credulous Women that I verely beleive had not 
my presence moderated their apprehensions. Their ffeares 

18 Records of the Court of Assize. 

would have dorove many of them to some remoter partes; 
& therefore for ye future pray use your best skell to allay 
the timorous apprehensions of y^ Inhabitants there, least 
when a reall danger doe approach they become Altogether 
Useless. I can not possibly imagine whence y^ Beliefe 
should proceed of y*= ffVenches Intentions to invade his 
Majesties Dominions ] you know there is now Peace between 
ye 2 Crownes, & y^ Concernes of these poore partes of y« 
world cannot be an Introduction to make a Breach between 
either. Lucas & Josen are returnd from Boston where they 
mett with a vessel consigned to Mr. Charlestowne which 

Vessel as y<^ skipper affirmed (a Dutchman) sett sayle out of 
ye Texell never made stay in any of ye English ports to 
Cleare, and arrived at Boston in 7 weeks, Lucas has been 
14 dayes on his way, soe that in all it amounts to nine weeks; 
and then there was noe appearance at all of any difference 
between ye English and French, some Jealousyes there were 
between Holland & ffrance but as then not yet broke out 
into Hostility ; And if soe (as I am very confident it is) how 
could any of those of Quibbeck have any Intelligence of a 
Breach ? considering likewise they must have been 3 months 
on their march already, & 9 weeks since all was peace in 
Europe. Certaine I am Courtsell dare not Commence a 
Warr on his own head especially such a one where of neces- 
sity hee must carry it on victoriously or hee is utterly ruined, 
there being noe Doore left for him for a Retreat. Perhaps 
ye apprehensioDs of obstructing some of ye remote Indians 
from visiting and tradeing with you may be a Consideration 
that beares most probability with it ; since that may be per- 
formed with a party only, and how to prevent it I can not 
at this distance conjecture. At least till Stechtnoes Return, 
who may perhaps bring more cleare Intelligence ; In the 
meane time it will bee but prudence to manage these Alarums 
to our best advantage and to use those meanes that shall best 
conduce to our safety ; To which end It will be necessary 
that in ye first place a good & careful Correspondence be 
maintaind between Albany & Schanechtidee, ffor I look on 
that as a Frontier ; & that ye Inhabitants of that place putt 
themselves into some posture of Defence by keeping out 
schouts, and makeing some Block House which may give 

Becords of the Court of Assize. 19 

some Check to ye Enemy in case he should presume to ad- 
vance into his Royall Highness Dominions. 

Next that at Albany a strict List be drawn of all able 
persons to beare Armes, and they to have their Armes 
visited with provision of Ammunition proportionable. 

That ye Horse likewise make an Appearance and those 
to be putt into a good posture likewise ) 

That out of each squadron one be constantly sent to 
schout between you and Schanechtide to doe y*^ like further 
into yt^ countrey & that these schouts be constantly relieved. 

It were well that a Guard were kept in Towne By ye 
Burghers but withall Care must be had that they be not too 
much harrast, least when occasion offers they then prove 
unactive ; But above all keep up their spiritts, & lett them 
not know y^ Danger (when it shall happen) till they be in 
the midst of it. 

For ye Forte I know Salisbury will be Active to putt all 
Things into a Readyness, as I have written to him in par- 
ticular concerning that affaire, I purpose speedily to be 
with you ; but would gladly receive my Masters Pacquett 
which in all probility is not far from us. 

I have read y^ Jesuites Letter & look on it only as 
French Eant, when I come up I shall then have leisure to 
discourse more close with him. I can thinke of noe more 
at present, only I rely on your wonted Care & Committ all 
Affairs to your prudent Managery till my Comeing to you 
And so Comitting you to Gods protection I remaine 

Your affectionate Friend 

Franc : Lovelace. 

N : Yorke, July y^ 6th, 1671. 

The Governour's Letter to y^ Commissionaryes at Albany. 

Fort James in New Yorke this 24th day of January, 1669. 

Gentlemen — I Received your Letter of y^ 8th of January 
by ye Indian by which I understand of your health & wel- 
fare which to me was a most welcome New Yeares guift & 
as it hath beene my sole Consideration your peace & 
happiness so y« continuance of it shall be my chiefest study 
I am glad all y^ Indians are well disposed as to Employ 
themselves to ye Beauer hunting I doubt not but you will 

20 Becords of the Court of Assize, 

receive y^ good eflfects of by it by your next yeares handling 
by which tyme I am in greate hopes to Constitute a firme 
peace with y^ Indians now in Hostility with each other & 
am sorry I have hitherto brought it to no greater perfection 
but must withall assure you y*^ fault lay not in y^ least on 
my parte in regarde Mr. Winthrop who governes those 
Indians (by an accident of y^ Indisposition of his Wife) 
has beene absent from his Gouernment all this summer & 
Retorned not till y^ Churlishness of ye winter forbad all 
manner of Intercourse. In y^ Spring I am resolved to 
proceed in y^ worke of making a Generall peace. To which 
end I have already made some preparation thereunto which 
I beseech God to blesse. It tending so much to yt= uni- 
versall benefitt of those partes & perticuler yours. There is 
not anything of moment you have in perticuler Reoomended 
to me if you had I should have answered your desires. If 
any thing falls out in y« Interim I must recomend it to 
your prudent management till I have y^ favour to see you 
which I purpose this summer. In y^ mean tyme I re- 
comend you to ye protection of him who is able to stand 
by you in all Extremityes which God I beseech to blesse & 
guide you & him who is 

Your assured friend, 

Fran. Louelace. 

October (1672).— Capt, Silvester Salisbury, Justice of ye 
peace at Albany, 

CapUuhiion of the Dutch to the English. 21 


These Articles following were consented to by the Persons 
here under subscribed, at the Governour's Bouivery August 
the 27th Old Style, 1664. 

I. We consent That the States General, or the West-India 
Company, shall freely injoy all Farms and Houses (except 
such as are in the Forts) and that within six months, they 
shall have free Liberty to transport all such Arms and Am- 
munition, as now does belong to them, or else they shall be 
paid for them. 

II. All Publique Houses shall continue for the Uses which 
they are for. 

III. All People shall still continue free Denizens, and 
shall injoy their Lands, Houses, Goods, wheresoever they 
are within this Country, and dispose of them as they please. 

IV. If any Inhabitant have a Mind to remove himself, 
he shall have a Year and six Weeks from this day, to re- 
move himself, Wife, Children, Servants, Goods, and to dis- 
pose of his Lands here. 

V. If any Officer of State, or Publique Minister of State, 
have a Mind to go for England, they shall be transported 
Fraught free, in his Majesty's Frigotts, when these Frigotts 
shall return thither. 

VI. It is consented to, that any People may freely come 
from the Netherlands, and plant in this Colony, and that 
Dutch Vessels may freely come hither, and any of the Dutch 
may freely return home, or send any Sort of Merchandize 
home in Vessels of their own Country. 

VII. All ships from the Netherlands, or any other Place, 
and Goods therein, shall be received here, and sent hence, 
after the manner which formerly they were, before our com- 
ing hither, for six months next ensuing. 

VIII. The Dutch here shall injoy the Liberty of their 
Consciences in divine Worship and Church Discipline. 

22 Capitulation of the Dutch to the English, 

IX. No Dutchman here, or Dutch Ship here, shall upon 
any occasion, be pressed to serve in War against any Nation 

X. That the Townsmen of the Manhattans^ shall not have 
any Soldiers quartered upon them, without being satisfied, 
and paid for them by their Officers, and that at this present 
if the Fort be not capable of lodging all the Soldiers, then 
the Burgomasters, by his Officers, shall appoint some Houses 
capable to receive them. 

XI. The Dutch here shall injoy their own Customs con- 
cerning their Inheritances. 

XII. All Publique Writings and Records, which concern 
the Inheritances of any People, or the Reglement of the 
Church or Poor, or Orphans, shall be carefully kept by those 
in whose Hands now they are, and such Writings as particu- 
larly concern the States General, may at any Time be sent 
to them. 

XIII. No Judgment that has passed any Judicature here, 
shall be called in Question, but if any conceive that he hath 
not had Justice done him, if he apply himself to the States 
G-eneral, the other Party shall be bound to answer for the 
supposed Injury. 

XIV. If any Dutch, living here, shall, at any Time desire 
to travaile or traffique into England, or any Place, or Plan- 
tation, in Obedience to his Majesty of England, or with the 
Indians, he shall have (upon his Request to the Grovernor) 
a Certificate that he is a free Denizen of this Place, and 
liberty to do so. 

XV. If it doe appeare, that there is a publique Engage- 
ment of Debt, by the Town of the Manhattoes, and a way 
agreed on for the satisfying of that Engagement, it is agreed, 
that the same way proposed shall go on, and that the Engage- 
ment shall be satisfied. 

XVI. All inferior Civil Officers and Magistrates, shall 
continue as now they are (if they please) till the customary 
Time of new Elections, and then new ones to be chosen by 
themselves, provided that such new chosen Magistrates shall 
take the Oath of Allegiance to his Majesty of England, be- 
fore they enter upon their Office. 

Capitulation of the Dutch to the English. 23 

XVII. All Diflferences of contracts and Bargains made 
before this day, by any in tbis Country, shall be determined, 
according to the Manner of the Dutch. 

XVIII. If it doe appeare, that the West-India Company 
of Amsterdam^ do really owe any Sums of Money to any 
Person here, it is agreed that Recognition, and other Duties 
payable by Ships going for the Netherlands^ be continued 
for 6 Months longer. 

XIX. The Officers, Military, and Soldiers, shall march 
out with their Arms, Drums beating, and colors flying, with 
lighted Matches ; and if any of them will plant, they shall 
have fifty Acres of Land set out for them ; if any of them 
will serve as Servants, they shall continue with all Safety, 
and become free Denizens afterwards. 

XX. If at any Time hereafter, the King of Great-Britain 
and the States of the Netherlands do agree that this Place 
and Country be re-delivered into the Hands of the said 
States, whensoever his Majestic will send his Commands to 
re-deliver it, it shall immediately be done. 

XXI. That the Town of Manhattans shall choose Deputyes, 
and those Deputyes shall have free Voyces in all publique 
Affairs, as much as any other Deputyes. 

XXII. Those who have any Property in any Houses in 
the Fort of Aurania, shall (if they please) slight the Fortifi- 
cations there, and then enjoy all their Houses, as all People 
do where there is no Fort. 

XXIII. If there be any Soldiers that will go into Holland^ 
and if the Company of West-India ia Amsterdam^ or any 
private Persons here will transport them into Holland^ then 
they shall have a safe Passport from Colonel Richard Ni- 
cholls, Deputy-Governor under his Royall Highness, and the 
other Commissioners, to defend the Ships that shall transport 
such Soldiers, and all the Goods in them, from any Sur- 
prizal or Acts of Hostility, to be done by any of his Majestie's 
Ships or Subjects. That the Copies of the King's Grant to 
his Royal Highness, and the copy of his Royal, Highness's 
Commission to Colonel Richard Nicholls^ testified by two 
Commissioners more, and Mr. Winthrop, to be true Copies, 
shall be delivered to the honourable Mr. Stui/vesant, the 
present Governor, on Munday next, by Eight of the Clock 

24 Capitulation of the Dutch to the English, 

in the Morning, at the Old-Miln, and these Articles con- 
sented to, and signed by Colonel Richard JSlicholls, Deputy- 
Governor to his Royal Highness, and that within two Hours 
after the Fort and Town called New- Amsterdam^ upon the 
Isle of Manhattoes, shall be delivered into the Hands of the 
said Colonel Richard JVicholls, by the Service of such as 
shall be by him thereunto deputed, by his Hand and Seal. 

John De Decker, Robert Carr, 

NiCH. Verleet, Geo. Carteret, 

Sam. Megapolensis, John Winthrop, 

Cornelius Steenwick. Sam. Willys, 

Olofpe Stevens Van Kortlant, Thomas Clarke, 
James Cosseau, John Pinchon. 

I do consent to these Articles, 


Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 25 


Granted hy His Royal Highness to the Inhahitants of N^eiv- 
Yorh and its Dependencies. 

[Passed, Oct. 30, 1683.] 

For the better establishing the Government of this province 
of New-York, and thatt Justice and Right may bee equally 
done to all persons within the same : Bee it enacted by the 
Govern'r, Councell, and Representatives now in gen'all as- 
sembly, mett and assembled, and by the authority of the same. 

Thatt the Supreme legislative Authority under his Ma- 
jesty and Royall Highnesse James, Duke of Albany, &c., 
Lord proprietor of the said province, shall forever bee and 
resides in a Governour, councell and the people, mett in 
Generall Assembly. 

That the Exercise of the Cheife magistracy and adminis- 
tration of the government over the said Province shall be in 
the said Govern'r; assisted by Councell, with whose advice 
and consent, or with at least four of them, hee is to rule and 
govern the same according to the laws thereof. 

Thatt in case the Governour shall dy or bee absent out of 
the province, and thatt there bee no person within the said 
province, commissionated by his Royal Highnesse his heyres 
or sucessors, to bee Governour or Commander in Chief there, 
thatt then the Councell for the time being, or so many 
of them as are in the said province, do take upon them the 
Administracon of the government, and the Execucon of the 
laws thereof, and powers and authoritys belonging to the 
Governour and councell. The first in nominacon, in w^hich 
councell is to preside untill the said Governour shall returne 
and arrive in the said province againe, or the pleasure of his 
Royall Highnesse, his heyres or successors, bee further known : 

Thatt, according to the usage, custome, and practice of 
the Realm of England, a sessions of a generall assembly bee 
held in this province once in three yeares at least. 

Annals^ iv. 3 

26 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

That every ffreeliolder -within this province, and ffreeman in 
any corporacon, shall have his free choice and vote in the Elect- 
ing of the representatives, without any manner of constraint 
or imposition, and that in all Elections the Majority of Voices 
' shall carry itt, and by ffreeholders is understood every one 
who is so understood according to the laws of England. 

That the persons to bee elected to sitt as representatives 
in the Generall assembly from time to time for the several 
Cittys, Towns, Countyes, Shires, or divisions of this province, 
and all places within the same shall bee according to the 
proporcon and number hereafter expressed — That is to say — 
For the city and county of New York four — For the county 
of Suffolk two — For Queen's county two — For King's county 
two — For the county of Richmond one — For the county of 
Westchester — For the county of Ulster two — For the 
county of Albany two — And for Schanectade, within the said 
county, one — ^ For Duke's county one — For the county of 
Cornwall one.^ 

And as many more as his Royall Highness shall think fit 
to establish. 

Thatt all persons chosen and assembled in manner aforesaid, 
or the major part of them, shall be deemed and accounted 
the representatives of this province, which said ^representa- 
tives, together with the Governor and his councell, sha]| 
forever be the supream and only legislative power under his 
Eoy'll Highnesse, of the said province — 

Thatt the said representatives may appoint their own times 
of meetiag during their sessions, and may adjourn their house, 
from time to time, to such time as to them shall seem meet 
and convenient. 

That the said representatives are the sole Judges of the 
Qualificacons of their own members, and likewise of all un- 
due elections, and may, from time to time, purge their house 
as they shall see occasion dureing the said sessions. 

Thatt no Member of the Generall Assembly, or their ser- 
vants during the time of their sessions, whilest they shall be 
going to or returning from the said assembly, shall be ar- 
rested, sued; imprisoned or any wayes molested or troubled. 

^ Dukes and Cornwall counties do not appear ever to have sent 
members to general assembly. 

Charter of Liberties cmd Privileges. 27 

nor bee compelled to make answer to any suite, bill, plaint, 
declaracon or otherwise, cases of high treason or felony only 
excepted — provided the number of the said servants shall 
not exceed three. 

That all bills agreed upon by the said Representatives, or 
the major part of them, shall be presented unto the Govern- 
our and his councell for their approbacon and consent, all 
and every which said bills so approved of and consented to 
by the Grovernor and his Councell, shall bee esteemed the 
Lawes of the province] which said lawes shall continue and 
remaine in force untill they shall bee repeeled by the Author- 
ity aforesaid : That is to say, The Grovernour, Councell, and 
Representatives in Generall Assembly, by and with the ap- 
probation of his Royal Highnesse, or expire by their own 

Thatt in all cases of death or removeall of any of the said 
Representatives the GrOvernour shall issue out summons by 
Writt to respective Townes, Cittyes, Shires, Countyes or Di- 
visions for which hee or they so removed or deceased, were 
chosen, willing and requiring the ffreeholders of the same to 
elect others in their place and stead. 

Thatt no ffreeman shall be taken and imprisoned, or bee 
disseized of his £freehold or liberty, or free customes, or bee 
outlawed or ^exiled, or any other wayes destroyed, nor shall 
be passed upon, adjudged or condemned, butt by the lawfull 
judgment of his peers, and by the law of this province, jus- 
tice nor right shall bee neither sold, deayed, or deferred to 
any man within this province. 

That no aid, tax, tallage, assessment, custom, loane, benevo- 
lence, or imposition whattsoever, shall bee layed, assessed, 
imposed, or levyed on any of his Majesties subjects within 
this province, or their Estates uppon any Manner of colour 
or pretence, butt by the act or consent of t\iQ Grovernor, 
counsell and representatives of the people in generall assem- 
bly mett and assembled. 

Thatt no Man, of whatt Estate or Condicon soever, shall 
be putt out of his lands or tenements, nor taken nor impri- 
soned nor disinherretted, nor banished, nor any wayes de- 
stroyed, without being brought to answer by due course of law. 

Thatt a ffreeman shall not bee amerced for a small fault, 
butt after the manner of his fault, and for a great fault after 

28 Charter of Liberties and Privileges, 

the greatnesse thereof, saving to him his ffreehold, and a 
husbandman saving to him his waiuage, and a merchant like- 
wise saving to him his Merchandize, and none of the said 
amerciaments shall bee assessed butt by the oath of twelve, 
honest and lawful men of the vicinage — provided the faults 
and misdemeanours be not in contempt of courts of Judicature. 

All tr jails shall bee by the Verdict of twelve men, and as 
near as may bee. Peers or Equalls of the Neighbourhood, 
and in the County, Shire, or Division where the fact shall 
arise or grow, whether the same bee by Indictment, Informa- 
con, Declaracon, or otherwise, against the person, offender, 
or defendant. 

That in all cases capitall or criminall, there shall be a 
grand Inquest, who shall first present the Offence, and then 
twelve Men of the Neighbourhood to try the Offender, who 
after his plea to the Indictment, shall be allowed his reason- 
able challenges. 

Thatt in all cases whatsoever Bayle, by sufficient suretys, 
shall be allowed and taken, unlesse for Treason or ffelony, 
plainly and specially expressed and menconed in the War- 
rant of Commitment; provided alwayes^ that nothing herein 
conteyned shall extend to discharge out of prison, uppon 
Baile, any person taken in execucon for debts, or otherwise 
legally sentenced by the judgment of any of the Courts of 
Record within this province. 

Thatt no ffreeman shall be compelled to receive any mar- 
riners or souldiers into his house, and there suffer them to 
sojourne against their wills; Provided alwaye^ it be not in 
time of actuall war within this province. 

Thatt no commissions for proceeding by martial law ag'st any 
of his Ma'ties subjects, within this province, shall issue forth 
to'any person or persons whatsoever, least by colour of them 
any of his Ma'ties subjects bee destroyed or putt to death, 
except all such officers, persons and souldiers in pay through- 
out the Government. 

That from henceforward no lands within this province 
shall be esteemed or accounted a chattle or personall Estate, 
but an Estate of Inheritance according to the customes and 
practice of his Majestye's realme of England. 

Thatt no Court or Courts within this province have, or att 
any time hereafter shall have any Jurisdiccon, power or 

Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 29 

authority, to grant out any execucon or other writt, Nvhereby 
any man's land may bee sold, or any other way disposed of, 
v.'^ithout the owner's consent ', Provided alwajjes that the issues 
or meane, proffits of any man's land shall or may bee extended 
by execucon or otherwise, to sattisfy just debts, any thing to 
the contrary hereof in any wise nottwithstanding. 

That no Estate of a ffeme covert shall be sold or conveyed 
butt by deed acknowledged by her in some Court of Eecord, 
the woman being secretly examined, if shee doth it freely 
without threats or compulsion of her husband. 

Thatt all wills in writing attested by two credible Wit- 
nesses, shall be of the same force to convey lands as other 
Conveyances being registed in the Secreta rye's office within 
iiorty days after the testator's death. 

Thatt a Widdow, after the death of her husband, shall 
have her dower, and shall and may tarry in the chiefe house 
of her husband forty days after the death of her husband, 
within which forty days her dower shall bee assigned her, 
and for her dower shall be assigned unto her the third part 
of all the lands of her husband during coverture, except shee 
were endowed with lesse before marriage. That all lands and 
heritages within this province and dependencyes, shall bee 
free from all ffines and lycences upon alienacons, and from all 
heriotts, wardships, liveries, primier seizins, year, day, and 
wast, escheats, and forieittures upon the death of parents or 
ancestors, naturall, unnaturall, casuall or judiciall, and thatt 
forever, cases of High Treason, only excepted. 

Thatt no person or persons, which proffesse ffaith in God 
by Jesus Christ, shall, at any time, be any wayes molested, 
punished, disquieted, or called in question for any difference 
in opinion or matter of religious concernment, who do nott 
actually disturb the civill peace of the province, butt thatt 
all and every sucb person or p'sons may, from time to time 
and at all times, freely have and fully enjoy his or their 
judgments or consciences in matters of religion throughout 
the province, they behaving themselves peaceably and 
quietly, and nott using this lyberty to Lycenciousnesse, nor 
to the civill injury or outward disturbance of others: Pro- 
vided alwai/es^ Thatt this liberty, or anything conteyned 
therein to the contrary, shall never be construed or im- 
proved to make void the settlement of any publique minister 

30 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

on Long Island, whether such settlement bee by two-thirds 
of the voices in any Towne thereon, which shall alwayes 
include the minor part; or by the subscriptions of particu- 
lar inhabitants in said townes: Provided^ They are the 
two-thirds thereof: Butt that all in such agreements, cove- 
nants and subscriptions thatt are there all ready made and 
had, or thatt hereafter shall bee in this manner consented 
to, agreed and subscribed, shall at all time and times here- 
after, bee firm and stable ; and in confirmation hereof, it is 
enacted by the Grovernour, Councell and Representatives, 
That all such summs of money so agreed on, consented to, 
or subscribed, as aforesaid, for maintenance of such publique 
ministers, by the two-thirds of any towne on Long Island, 
shall alwayes include the minor part, who shall bee regu- 
lated thereby : and also such subscriptions and agreements 
as are beforemenconed, are and shall bee alwayes ra- 
tifyd, performed, and payd, and if any towne on said 
Island, in their publique capacity of agreement with any 
such minister or any perticular persons, by their private 
subscriptions as aforesaid, shall make default, deny or with- 
draw from such payments so covenanted to, agreed upon, 
and subscribed, thatt in such case, upon complaint of any 
Collector appointed and chosen by two-thirds of such towne 
upon Long Island, unto any justice of that County, upon 
his hearing the same, he is hereby authorized, impowered, 
and required to issue out his warrant unto the constable or 
his deputy, or any other person appointed for the collection 
of said rates or agreement, to levy upon the goods and chat- 
tels of said delinquent or defaulter, all such summes of 
money so covenanted and agreed to be paid, by distresse, 
with costs and charges, without any further suit in law, any 
law, custome or usage to the contrary in any wise, notwith- 
standing; Provided alwayes, the said summe or summes 
bee under fi"orty shillings, otherwise to be recovered as the 
law directs. 

And uiliereas, all the respective Christian Churches now 
in practice within the Citty of New-Yorke, and the other 
places of this province, do appear to bee priviledged 
Churches, and have been so established and confirmed by 
the former authority of this Government; Bee it liereby 
enacted hy this present Generall Assembly, and by the Au- 

Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 31 

thority thereof^ That all the said respective Christian 
Churches be hereby confirmed therein, and thatt they and 
every of them shall from henceforth, forever, be held and 
reputed as priviledged churches, and enjoy all their former 
freedomes of their religion in divine worship and church 
discipline ; and thatt all former contracts made and agreed 
on for the maintenance of the several ministers of the said 
Churches, shall stand and' continue in full force and ver- 
tue, and thatt all contracts for the future to bee made, shall 
be of the same power; and all p'sons that are unwilling to 
performe their part of the said contract, shall bee con- 
strained thereunto by a warrant from any Justice of the 
Peace : Provided itt bee under forty shillings, or otherwise, 
as the law directs : Provided allso, That all other Christian 
Churches that shall hereafter come and settle within this 
province shall have the same priviledges. 

A continued bill for defraying the requisite charges of the 

[This continued bill grants certain duties on liquors, 
merchandizes, &c., to the Governor, for the support of go- 
vernment, and is on the same engrossed bill with the fore- 
going "charter of libertys,'' &c., and passed with it.] 

New Yorke, Oct. 26, 1683. 
The Representatives have assented to this bill, and 
order it to bee sent up to the Governo'r and Councellfor their 
assent. M. Nicolls, Speaker. 

After three times reading, it is assented to by the Go- 
vernour and Councell this thirtieth of October, 1683. 

Tho. Dongan. 

John Spragye, Clerk of the Assembly. 

N. B. It is worthy of remark, that the Crown, in 1697, 
repealed a law very similar in its provisions to the preceding 
charter, &c., entitled " An act declaring what are the rights 
and priviledges of their Majesty es subjects inhabiting within 
the province of New-Yorke.''^ This act may be seen at large 
in Br. ed. pages 1, 2, 3, 4, &c., and was passed in 1691. 
Vide also Smith's History of New York^ 76, in notes. It is 
presumed that the foregoing Charter of Lybertys, &c., shared 
the same fate, though no record has yet been met with, to 
ascertain the fact. 

32 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

By "an act to divide the province and dependencies into 
shires and counties, passed Nov. 1. 1683, the county of 
Albany to conteyne the towne of Albany, the colony of Keus- 
selaerswyck, Schonecteda, and all the villages, neighbour- 
hoods, and Christian plantacons on the east side of Hudson's 
River, from Roelof Jansen's Creeke, and on the vv^est side 
from Sawyers Creeke to the Saraghtoga." 

In April, 1691, \_Vide Bradford's edition of 1710] an act 
was passed entitled, '• An act to divide this province and 
dependencies into shires," similar to the preceding, excejyt 
in the following : The coiintij of Albany — " the towne of 
Albany," omitted to be named — " Colony of Rensselaers- 
wyck,'^ called " The MoMiior oi Banslaerswyck ;" and instead 
of " to the Saraghtoga," is substituted " to the uttermost end 
of Sarraghtoga," 

' The Albany Becords. 33 


These records, whicli are so denominated by common con- 
sent, although they were kept in New York by the secretary 
of the Dutch West India Company, embracing a period of 
about forty years from 1638, were translated by order of the 
legislature. Francis Adrian Vanderkemp having been em- 
ployed for that purpose, deposited 25 volumes in the office 
of the secretary of state in 1819. AYe have gleaned from 
them the following items relating to Albany and its citizens : 

Copi/ of cm Account from Cornells Melyn Merchant^ in the 
vessel named the Arms of Norway. 

The account made up on the 4 Aug. with MichielJansen 
for fare, for himself his wife and two children, amounting to 
the sum of one hundred and forty gl. sixteen st.,/ 140 : 16.^ 

Mr. Van Rensselaer shall please to pay to Cornelis Melyn 
or order, the said sum of/140:16. was signed Michiel 
Jan sen. 

The account made up of Tonis Dirksen his wife and child 
on the 4th Aug. besides his two servants, for all whom the 
fare amounts to hundred forty one gl. and fourteen st. /141 : 

Mr. Van Rensselaer shall please to pay to Cornelis Melyn, 
or order, the sum of one hundred forty-one gl. fourteen st. 
X mark of Tonis Dirksen. 

Sir Kilian Van Rensselaer shall please to pay for sundries 
which we wanted, the sum of/23 : 12 ^ for 

Michiel Jansen. 

On the 4th of Aug. the account was made up with Jan 
Michiels for fare for him and his little bay, amounting to 
fifty gl. 

Mr. Van Renselaer pays fifty gl. to Cornelis Melyn or 
order was signed by Jan Michieisen, Taylor. 

£23 9s M. ' £23 12s. M. ' £3 19s. M. 

34 The Albany Records. 

Mr. Van Renselaer shall please to pay to Cornells Melyn 
or order /27 in behalf of Adriaen Cornelissen, of Barsinger- 
hoon, and will be pleased to pay fartlier/2 : 10, whicli were 
received in Texel. 

To wages for Michiel in conducting horses, /8. 
Three tones of beams for the horses, the ton a 1 7 is / 21 
For the freight of horses, as by invoice, / 1000 

Michiel Jansen owes, / 140 : 16 

Tonis Dirksen, 141 : 14 

said Michiel Jansen, yet, 23:12 

Adriaen Cornelissen, 2J:10 

For horses/8, beans/ 21, 29:00 

Jan Michielsen, 50 : 00 

For freight and sundries, 1000:00 

/ 1413 : 12 

From this sum must be deducted what the 
director, Kieft, paid to Melyn, and with 
which could not be dispensed, / 111 : 03 

So that a clear balance remains due to him of/ 1302 : 9"^ 

Vol. ^, 2^. 36-7. 

This day the 22d March, xvi^xxxix, appeared before 
me, Cornells Van Tienhoven, secretary of the general pri- 
vileged West Indian Company in New Netherland, in pre- 
sence of the undersigned witnesses, Gillis Pieterson, Van 
der Grouw, old about 27 years, actually a house carpenter in 
the island Manhattans, well known to me, secretary ; who 
solemnly declared at the request of the honorable William 
Kieft, director general in New Netherland, that it is true 
that he during the direction of Wouter Van Twiller has 
assisted in nearly all the buildings which have been con- 
structed during that period, and that he knows what buildings 
have been made during the administration of said Van 
Twiller for the service of the company. On Fort Orange, &c. 

In said Fort, an elegant large house, with a balustrade, 
&c., by Dirk Cornelissen of Wesel. 

In the same Fort 8 small dwellings for the people. 
' Fo^. z,p. 85. 

' £217 Is. M. 

The Albany Records. 35 

When and to whom (or what price) the stock on the six 
farms on the island of Manhattans have been disposed. 
1 mare of the farm N. 4, sold to John Evertsen, 

1 — of " N. 4, " to Cornells Van Vorst. 

2 — of " N. 5, " to Jacob Van Corlear. 
1 — of " N. 6, ") to Anthony Jansen 

1 stallion of *' N. 6, j " Van Salee. 

1 mare of " ^^- I5 the farm of Wouter A^an 

and by him sold to John Evertsen. 

The 2 mares which said Van Twiller ought to have pro- 
vided, is uncertain, if he did so or not. 

4 mares of N. 2 & 3 have been sent to Fort Orange in the 
colonic to Mr. Van Renselaer, and remain yet the property 
of the companies, as appears from the memoir of late di- 
rector Van Twiller. 

2 milch cows from N. 4 to Cornelis Van Voorst. 

2 " " " N. 6, which were sent to the colonic 
of Mr. Van Renselaer. 

4 in said colonic from N. 2 & N. 3. 

2 from N. 5 have been killed iii the time of Minuit. 

2 cows from N. 6, being Van Twiller's farm, it is un- 
certain if these were transferred to the company. All the 
remaining stock from N. 2 & 3 has been driven off to the 
colonic of Renselaerwyck. 

Of the sheep N. 5, on said director Van Twiller sold the 
half to Ba. Dirksen, and the other half made to answer a 
debt of said Barend to the company, as he said, and were 
sent to the colonij of Mr. Van Renselaer. 

The above is all that is known of said stock. Vol. 1,2^- 90. 

By Bastiaen Jansen Crol was at Fort Orange arrested 16 
beavers, of which the proprietor could not be discovered — 
to whom is allowed by order of the Hon. Director 15 st. 
for each beaver to be placed to his account. — Vol. ii, p. 12(5. 
20 June, 1641. 

8 Octr. 1644. Symon Pos, Plaintiff, contra Adriaen Van 
der Donck, defendant, in a case of appeal from an inter- 
locutory judgment pronounced by the court in Rense- 

The Hon. Directors General and Council in New Nether- 
land, having examined a law suit in a case of slander, with 

36 The Albaivj Records. 

tlie judgment of said court between parties; having heard 
both sides and considered maturely every point, so is it, 
that the Director and Council are of opinion that the judg- 
ment is correct and the appeal to this court unseasoned, 
wherefore they decree that said judgment shall be executed 
in every part, and condemn the aforesaid Symon Pos, in the 
cost of the suit, besides a fine of/ 10 for the building of the 

The Attorney General, plaintiff, contra Jan Symensen, 
skipper in Eenselaerwyck, defendant: 

Decreed that the Attorney General shall deliver a copy of 
the indictment to the defendant, that he may answer it in 

AVillem de Pey, attorney of Govert Loockmans, plaintiff, 
contra Nicolas Coorn, Sheriff in Eenselaerwyck, defendant; 
because the defendant hath damaged the vessel of Loock- 
mans, by firing at it — when the Attorney General stept for- 
ward to prosecute the defendant, in behalf of the govern- 
ment in New Netherland. 

Having seen and examined the affidavits obtained and 
confirmed with oath at the requisition of the Attorney Gene- 
ral, and considering the protest and warning made by the 
same Attorney General to ihe'defendant to pay the damages, 
which he occasioned by firing on the plaintiff's yacht, to be 
valued by two impartial men as arbitrators, and to forbid him 
seriously never to do so again, under the penalty of corporal 
punishment, that he further must obtain from the Patroonhis 
approbation of said judgment, confirmed by authority. If 
he fails in this respect, then conclusion of the Attorney 
General against him shall be put in execution, while the de- 
fendant must in the mean while remain within the limits of 
New Netherland. ' Vol. ii^ p. 21^-b. 

Symon Dircksen Pos, plaintiff, contra Adriaen Yan der 
Donck, defendant, in a case of arrest. Decreed that Yan 
der Donck has no longer any further claim on the beavers, 
except as his interest arising from the last judgment has a 

The Attorney General is commanded to inquire what the 
schedule contained, which Symon Pos hath affixed in Fort 
Orange. Voln,2). 275. 

The Albany Records. 37 

Whereas the Director and Council have decreed to re- 
ceive the duty (recognition) on beavers, because the dis- 
tressing situation and the welfare of the country require it, so 
is it, that the same recognition must be from the wares and 
merchandises, laden in the ship Renselaerwyck, wherefore, 
they command, that it must not sail without having paid it, 
under the penalty of confiscation. 

Done in Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 22d 
Oct., 1644 Vol. n,2:>- 276. 

On the 3 November 1644. The Attorney General, plaint- 
iff, contra Symon Volkertsen from de Streeck, prisoner on 

Aforesaid Symon Volkertsen, old 20 years declares and con- 
fesses voluntarily that Anthony Peters some time past assisted 
him in stealing four beavers from the shallop of Egbert Yan 
Borssum, which he enveloped in a blanket, carried on shore 
and offered for sale to Martin Crieger, when he could not 
sell the beavers there, then Anthony his Accomplice took 
these and carried the beavers to Schepmoes, to whom he 
sold them at/ 2:10 the piece, he said, he sold two at /7^ 
and one at /2:10.- He knows not what Anthony obtained 
for the fourth; he took in pa^^ment brandy which they 
sipped out together. Vol. ii, p. 278. 

The Directors and Council in New Netherland having 
seen the conclusion of Cornelis Van Stogpens, Attorney 
General, against Symon Volkertsen, born in de Streeck 
(Hict Van Sctrecht) on theft committed by him in the yacht 
Prince William, to which he belongeth, which delinquent 
voluntarily confessed, that he stole four beavers belonging 
to the skipper being before as suspected of theft set on shore 
from the yacht, Eindragt, all which is tending to give a bad 
example, and spoil a whole commonwealth, and cannot be 
tolerated in a land of justice, so is it, that we doing justice 
condemn said delinquent to be brought to the place where 
justice is executed to be there flogged with rods to an exam- 
ple and terrour of evil doers and farther to be banished out 

^£13s. 4d. ^Ss. 4d. 

Annals, iv. 4 

38 The Albany Becords. 

of the limits of New Netherland. 3 November 1644 to 

Jan Schepmoes sayed, that Antliony Peters and Sjmon 
Wouters, sold him two beavers: Anthony said, these are 
not mine beavers they belong to Symon. Next day they 
brought one beaver more and sold this too: 

Schepmoes declares, that he knew not that the beavers 
were stolen neither suspected it, as this ware is a currenty 
in this country. 

Anthony Pieterson appearing in court declared at the 
requisition of the Attorney General that Symon Volkert- 
sen accosted him on shore, and desired to be conducted on 
board which the deponent effected, when they arrived there 
said Symon took two beavers from his hang-mat and returned 
with these on shore. Then Symon went to Marten Crigier 
and offered to sell him these beavers, who declined it. 
From here they went together to Schepmoes, and sold to 
him two beavers at/7:10. The next day they returned on 
board : Symon said he would fetch some peas — when they 
were arrived in the yacht — Symon called Anthony to hold 
up the bag, and then he saw that Symon pulled one beaver 
from under his pillow, the skipper said, take care, that you 
do not take more peas than you have a right to. So they 
returned to shore, and sold this beaver too to Schepmoes — 
Symon told Anthony he earned two beavers in Fort Orange 
by watching, the other he purchased. 15th Novr. 1614. 

Vol. u, p. 279. 

Adriaen Van Douck, plaintiff; contra Jannetje Teunis, 

The plaintiff said that the defendant made a contract with 
the Hon. de Heer Van Eensselaer, and requests that the 
defendant may fulfill it, whereas it is the wish of the Pa- 
troon that his settlers should proceed in a decent manner 
to his colony. 

Parties are referred to the spring, as the defendant has 
married and is highly pregnant — provided she gives bail 
that the contract shall be fulfilled and the money reim- 
bursed. Vol. u, p. 191. 

On the Petition of Jacob Plank, Sheriff (officer), in the 
colony of (Heer) the Hon. Van liensselaer, named Hens- 

The Albany Records. 39 

selaerwyck, with regard to the sending of a Tew horses to 
aforesaid colony — and whereas many heads of cattle have 
before been removed from the Manhattans, and no beasts 
are remainino- except only on the farm of the late Director, 
Twiller, while the other five farms remain destitute of any 
creature, wherefore these cannot be cultivated, so is it, that 
the Hon. Director and Council rejected after mature deli- 
beration Jacob Plank's Petition, granting him only to send 
thither a few goats. Tol. iV, p. 2. 

Whereas the Director General and Council in New Neth- 
erland experience that many persons, some in the Com- 
pany's service, and other Inhabitants, do not hesitate to 
sell the Indians in violation of the commands of their High 
and mighty Lords, the States General, and the privileged 
"West Indian Company, guns, powder and balls, which has 
caused already some mishap, and which, if no efficacious 
remedy was to be applied by us, ere long might be followed 
by the most dreadful events, so is it, that every inhabitant 
of New Netherland, of what state, condition or dignity he 
may be, is expressly forbidden to sell to any Indians in this 
neighborhood any guns, powder or ball, on the penalty of 
suffering death, and whoever can bring information against 
any one who has trespassed against this placard shall re- 
ceive a reward of fifty gl.^ Vol ii^p. 46-7. 

Every inhabitant is further warned, that no person shall 
dare to sail with boats or any other vessel to Fort Orange, 
or to the South river, or to the fort Hope, except by a per- 
mit of the Director General, and in their return by a pass- 
port of the Commissary, there residing and representing 
the company; and if it is discovered that any individual 
has been in any of these places without such a permit, in 
such a case shall the vessel and cargo be confiscated in be- 
half of the company, besides a fine, which is to be deter- 
mined by the circumstances of the case. 

Our dear and faithful commissaries, who are invested with 
our authority in these places are seriously commanded to 

' £8 55. M. or 50 ffl. 

40 The Albany Records. 

affix this placard directly, so that every individual may be 
informed of his duty and be on bis guard. Done and pub- 
lished in fort Amsterdam 31 March, 1639. Vol. ii, p. 47. 

In the year of our Lord and Saviour one thousand six 
hundred and forty-two, on the 7th of June N. S. appeared 
before me, Cornelis Van Tienhoven, secretary in behalf of 
the General AVest Indian Company in New Netherland, 
Peter Jacobsen from Rensbeck, with Gysge Petersen his 
lawful wife residing in fort Orange, situated on the North 
Kiver in New Netherland, both being at present enjoying 
bodily health, going and coming in the full possession of 
their senses, memory and mind, as appeared to us, who de- 
clared that they contemplating the certainty of death, and 
the uncertainty of its time, and wishing to prevent this un- 
certainty by a positive testamentary disposition, freely, de- 
liberately, without any indirection, persjiiasion or lure from 
any person whatever, declared their last will in the following 
terms : 

After repealing and annulling all and every other testa- 
mentary disposition previously made jointly or by either of 
them, they recommend their souls allways, and wherever 
these shall have left their bodies to God's unfathomable 
mercy, and their corpses to a Christian burial in the hope 
of a happy resurrection at the last day. 

Both testators institute as their sole heirs, viz : of their 
whole estate, real, personal, present and future, with any 
increase or obtained emoluments and profits without any 
exception, one another reciprocally, so that the survivor shall 
possess the remaining estate in full property without being 
obliged to deliver any part to the relatives of the deceased — 
only with this exception — that Peter Jacobsen shall, if his 
wife nowhere present died, first pay to Annetje Alberts, her 
daughter, as her mother's heritage, twenty car. gl. and no 
more remaining the remainder to the survivor, no older 
claims being admitted. This disposition Pieter Jacobsen 
and Gysje Peterson declared to be her last will, which they 
hope shall be respected and obtain effect even if it was de- 
ficient in some legal respects, or contrary to any particular 
law or statute which might have been disregarded, where- 
fore they solicited that I Cornelis Van Tienhoven might 

The Albany Records, 41 

examine it contents, and keep its protocol as the secretary of 
New Netherland preparing one or more copies in dehta 
forma. Done by Peter Jacobson and Gysje Petersen afore- 
said in the presence of Bastian Cros commissary in Fort 
Orange and A. Van Curler as witnesses who signed the 
protocol with me secretary. Done in fort Amsterdam in 
New Netherland. 

This is the mark of 

Gysje Petersen. 

Bastian Krop. 

Yol. ni.1 p. 39. 

William Kieft, director general and council in Nether- 
land, make known to all whom it may concern, whereas 
Willem Cornelis Coster was murdered by the savages called 
Waspinox (living on the North River about half ways from 
Fort Orange), which savages robbed said Coster from several 
articles then in his possession, and whereas said Coster has 
yet here and in the colony of Rensselaerwyck several pre- 
tensions, so is it, that we deemed it proper to qualify a 
competent person to take the administration of said Coster's 
estate upon him here in New Netherland, so that his em- 
ployers and his widow may receive the yet remaining pro- 
perty wherefore we persuaded of the abilities of his Cosin 
John Laurens and Gerrit Bievers (both men of a good 
character), appointed and qualified them to collect all the 
debts and pay those which he owed, and do with said estate 
in every respect as they shall feel themselves in duty bound 
to do, approving we, whatever by John Laurens and Gerrit 
Bieviers shall have been legally transacted, with the farther 
power of assuming to themselves or substituting others in 
their place, provided that said constituents remain obliged to 
render a faithful account of their administration to Coster's 
employers and widow. Done in fort Amsterdam, 7 August, 
1643, in New Netherland. William Kieft. 

By order of the Hon. Director and council of New 

Cornelis Van Tieniioven, Secretary. 

Vol. i'd. -p. 143. 

42 The Albany Records. 

Appeared before me, Cornells Van Tienhoven, secretary 
in New Netherland, Hendrick Petersen from Hasfelt, old 
about 40 years, and Adrien Eeyntsen Smit, who jointly at 
the request of Thomas Teunis declare which declaration 
they were willing to sanction with a solemn oath that it is 
true that Thomas Teunis said at the house of Marten Criger, 
said to said Criger at what price will you take heavers^ who 
replied at 8 i gl. Teunis Thomas said not for ten ^ gl. All 
which said witnesses declared to be true. Done September, 
1643, in fort Amsterdam. 

• Arent Reynsen. 

This the A . mark of 

Hendrick Peter sen *^\/ from Hasfelt. 

Present Cornelis Yan Tienhoven. 

Vol. in, p. 151. 

On the requisition of Cornelis Yander Huysen, attorney 
general in New Netherland, declared Cornelis Melyn, old 
44 years, which declaration he is willing to sanction with 
an oath, if it is required, that it is true, that he purchased 
on the 20 June last from Laurens Cornelis, skipper on the 
vessel, the Maiden of Enckhuysen, a quart blubber oil for 
eight beavers. 

At the same requisition, with the offer of an oath de- 
clared Jannetje Melyns, wife of Cornelis Melyn, that she 
purchased from Laurens Cornelisen on the same day a 
parcel lace amounting between eighty ^ and ninety 4 gl. 
Done 29 July, 1644, in fort Amsterdam in New Nether- 
land. Cornelis Melyn. 

Present Cornelis Yan Tienhoven, Secretary. 

Vol. iii, p. 214. 

[Yol. 3, p. 4S2.] — Philip Gerritsen from Haerlem, 
tavern keeper, laying sick in his bed ,but in full posses- 
sion of his speech and memory, declares in the presence 
of the attorney general, Yan der Huyhens and Arent 

^£1 6s. 8d. =^£1138.4(1. ^^ £13 6s. 8d. *£15. 

The Albany Records. 43 

Reiniersen Smith, at the request of Abraham Planck to 

be the truth, which he was willing to confirm by his oath, 

that he Philip Gerritseu in the year 16 after the Water 

Hound was arrived, assisted Abraham Planck in carrying 

a quantity of beavers, which were due by Abraham Planck 

to Hendrick Ptoesen for friezes purchased from s-iid Ptoesen 

and brought these at the house of the secretary in the fort 

where Roesen boarded, who received there the beavers from 

Planck. This Gerritsen declared to be true and he said so, 

to pay his homage to the truth, as any person is bound to do. 

when requested the original instrument was recorded on the 

15th March, 1645, at the house of the said Gerritsen in the 

Manhattans. Piiilippas Gerritsen. 

CoRNELis Van Der Hoghens, ) ^...^ 
. -n ' ^ Witnesses. 

Arent Reiniersen, j 

[Vol. 3, p. 436.] — Copy. I undersigned declare to owe 
on sight of this, forty-three and a half beaver. In truth 
whereof I signed this note on the 26th May, 1645. 

LuBBERT Gerritsen. 

Lower stood, paid on account fifteen beavers. 
Compared with the original it was found correct to 
April, 1645. by CohnelisVan Tieniioven, Secretari/." 

Appeared this day before me, Cornelis Van Tienhoven, 
secretary in New Netherland, Hendrick Huygen, commis- 
sary of the honorable Crown of Sweden, who acknow- 
ledged that he owed on account of said crown of Sweden 
to William Turck merchant on the ship the Black Raven, 
two hundred ten and a half beaver, originating from 
whares and merchandises which Huygen aforesaid declared 
that he received to his full contentment before the signa- 
ture of this promissory note, as is evident from the account 
joined; and which two hundred ten a half beaver I Hen- 
drick Huygen promise to pay on warning to William Turck, 
aforesaid or his attorney, submitting therefore his person 
and property, real and personal, present and future, to 
the control of any court of justice. In trutli whereof, 
this instrument was signed by him Huygen aforesaid, and 

44 The Albany Records. 

the secretary, the 7th July, 1643, in fort Amsterdam in 
New Netherland. 

Hendrick Huygen 

CoRNELTS Van der Hoghens, AtCy Gen., 


Present Gornelis Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

Vol. uLp. 139. 

Appeared before me, Cornells A^'au Tienhoven, secretary 
in New Netherland, Mr. OlofF Stevensen, commissary of 
wares and merchandises, and Roulof Jansen Hoes, receiver 
of the recognitions in behalf of the West Indian Company 
here, who jointly at the request of Claes Jansen Calf, de- 
clared, which declaration they both were willing to confirm 
with a solemn oath when required, that in our presence 
have been laden two hundred, ninety-eight, whole and four 
half beavers, in a box marked N 13 IB. f and consigned 
to Steventje Cornely, his wife residing at Amsterdam, of 
which Beavers Claes Calf paid the recognitions to the re- 
ceiver of the company, and have been afterwards directly 
laden in the vessel De Jager, now on its voyage, of which 
is skipper Willera Tomassen, to deliver said box with bea- 
vers if God gives him a prosperous voyage at Amsterdam, 
to his Claes Calf's wife aforesaid. All which said witnesses 
declared to be true, and was signed this act by Olof Steven- 
sen and Kouloff Jansen, in the presence of Adriaen Van 
Tienhoven and Gysbert Opdyck, on the 15th September, 
1646, in fort New Amsterdam in New Netherland. 
Oloff Stevensen, ^ 

Roulof Jansen, Jr, | ^,.^„,3,,,. 

Gysbert Opdyck, 
Adriaen Van Tienhoven, J 
Present Cornelis Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

Vol. in, p. 322. 

I, Cornelius Hu^hcns, attorney general in New Nether- 
land to Nicholas Toorn in behalf of Mr. Van Rensselaer in 
his colony; whereas I am informed with certainty, that it 
is your intention and that you are qualified by your patroon 
to establish yourself on Bears Island, situated three miles 
below fort Orange with a body of men to build there a fort 

The Albany Records. 45 

for which you have provided guns to defend it. And 
whereas this is inconsistent with the privileges granted to 
patroons and lords of the manors while a colony may not be 
farther extended as four miles along the coast, or two miles 
at both sides of the river as is evident from the 5 art. of 
the grant, and whereas said Bears Island is more than two 
miles from the limits of said colony; besides the old at- 
tempt to construct there a fort which might command the 
river and debar Fort Orange from the free navigation, all of 
which would be ruinous to the interests of the company, so 
is it, that I solicit to know what authority you have and by 
whom you have invested with it. If you do not directly 
comply with it then I forbid you to construct any building 
whatever, much less to construct any fortifications out of 
the limits of said colony of Renselaerwyck, and if you, not- 
withstanding this art, daring to proceed, then I protest 
against all damages, which must be the consequences of 
such lawle'ss transactions, which I shall prosecute against 
you or any other persons whom it may concern. 

I, Nicolaes Toorn, commander in Eenselaer Stein in be- 
half of the honorable Kilian Van Renselaer, under the high 
allegiance of their High Might, the States General of the 
United Netherlands and the privileged West Indian 
Company, first commander of the Colony on the North 
Kiver in New Netherland, make it known to you, Cornells 
Van Huygens, attorney general of New Netherland as the 
vice commander of the Hon. Van Renselaer, that you will 
not presume to oppose and frustrate my designs on the 
Bears Island, to defraud me in any manner, or to cause me 
any trouble, as it has been the will of their High Might, 
the States General and the privileged West Indian Com- 
pany, to invest my patroon and his heir with the right to 
extend and fortify his Colony and make it powerful in every 
respect; wherefore you Cornells Van Huyhens, attorney 
general, will take care to avoid any attempt on these rights, 
and if j-ou did so, then I Nicholaes Toorn protest on the 
act of violence and assault committed by the Hon. Lords 
Mayors which I leave them to settle between them and my 
Honorable Patroon, w^hile the undertaking; has nothins: else 
in view as to prevent, that the canker of freeman may not 
enter in his colony. The attorney general persists in his 

46 The Albany Records. 

interdictioQ, and renews his protest. Done in ?»Ianhattans. 
18 November, 164-i, in New Netherland. 

CoRNELis Van der Hoghexs, Attorney General. 


David Provost, >■ Witnesses. 

Stoffel Stevenson, ) 
Present Cornelts Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

Vol. iii^p. 187. 

[Vol. 3, p. 219.] At the request of Govert Loockemans 
declared the undersigned witnesses, viz: Cors. Petersen, old 
about 33 years, Harmen Arently from Bremen, old about 35 
years, Cornelis Mauritsen Bort, old 27 years, Willem Peter- 
sen, old 20 years, Joannes Verbrugge, old about 20 years, 
Carman Douwes, old about 26 years, Harman Bastiaensen, 
old 25 years, Jacob Jansen, old three and twenty years, and 
Elbert Elbertsen old 24 years, who jointly and sepajately 
declared, which declaration they were willing to confirm by 
an oath, whenever it is required, that it is true, that Go- 
vert Loockemans with the witnesses sailed from Fort Orange 
in the yacht the Good Hope and when they arrived near the 
Bears Island on which Nicholas Koren resides in the name 
of the Patroon Van Kenselaer, then said Nicholas Koren 
cry'd out to Govert Loockemans when we were passing by, 
lower thy colours ; for whom should I do so retorted Loocke- 
mans, then Koren replied for the staple right of Benselaer- 
wyck; then Govert Loockemans answered I lower not the 
colours for any individual except for the prince of Orange, 
and the lords my masters, when directly Nicholas Koren fired 
a gun, the first shot went through the sail, broke the ropes 
and the ladder, a second discharge passed over us, and the 
third done by a savage perforated our princely colours, about 
a foot above the head of Loockemans, who kept constantly 
the colours in his hand, but we continued our course not- 
withstanding this insulting assault without returning the fire. 

Note. — It seems Renselaer&tein must have been in some manner 
fortified and defendei by a small garrison of which Toorn or Coorn 
was the commander, called Wachtmeester. Stein in Netherland 
and Germany is used for Castle, Louve Stein, Ehrenhreit Stein, 
Wall Stein. 

The Albaivj Records. 49 

or making any other reprisals wiiatever, and descended gen- 
tly the river. All which we declared, to pay our homage to 
the truth without any malice, or lurking wish to court the 
favor of any individual. Done before Fort Amsterdam in 
New Netherlands, 5 July, 1644-. 

This is the / mark of 
CoRS J" Petersen. 

This is the /\/ i^iark of 
Harman /V\ Arentben. 

This is the /T] mark of 


Harman Douwes, 
Harman Bastiaensen, 
Jan Yer Brugge, 
Elbert Elbertsen, 
WiLLEM Petersen de Groot. 

Present Cornelis Van Tieniioven, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 203.] In the year of our Lord 1644. 

I undersigned dismiss freely from the service of the Hon. 
Patroon Kiliaen Van Renselaer, Nicholas Toorn (or Koren) 
with his troop Isbrand Claessen and Harmen Arentsen from 
Breemen, who contracted with said Patroon to prosecute their 
own affairs out of the limits of said Colony, on the place to- 
wards which was their destination, because they dislike to 
continue in said service, and I have no wish to keep any one 
against his inclination. 

Done in the Manhattans, in the year above mentioned on 
the sixth of March new style, and was signed N. Koren. 

Proved correct after examination, and having compared it. 
with the original 6 April, 1644, in Fort Amsterdam, New'; 
Netherland. Oloff Stevensen. 

Present Cornelis Van Tienhoven, Secretanj. 

[Vol. 8, p. 390.] Appeared before me Cornelisen Tien- 
hoven, Secretary, in New Netherland, Isbrant Claesen, old 
44 years, and John Tomasen, old about 40 years, who jointly 
and separately at the request of Nicolas Coorn, sheriff of 

48 The Albanif Records. 

Renselaerwyck, declare which declaration they are willing to 
confirm with a solemn oath, that it is true, that Govert Look- 
emans when sailing down the river some time ago, came 
about Bears Island, when Nicolas Coorn fired a gun with- 
out a ball as a warning. When Govert continued his course 
Nicolas Coorn said Stryke ! when Govert Loockemans an- 
swered: For whom should I strike? Nicolas Ccorn answered, 
to pay homage to Pv,enselaerstein. Govert answered, I stryke 
for nobody as for the Prince, or them by whom I am em- 
ployed. Then Nicolas ordered to fire behind the bark — when 
Govert Loockemans vociferated : fire ye dogs and the devil 
take you. Then the sheriff offered to fire once more, which 
struck and perforated the sail. Done in Fort Amsterdam in 
New Netherland, 7th Oct., 1644. 


[Vol. 3, p. 240.] Whereas Joan La Battie, the Carpenter 
solicited that he might be permitted to build a house at Fort 
Orange, and use it as a brewery without injury to the Inter- 
ests of the Company, promising that he shall pay annually 
for this favor six merchantable Beavers to the company, so 
is it, that this boon has been granted to him, viz : that he 
may make use of the house which he builds in the fort as a 
brewery, and remain in possession of said soil, as long as 
the company shall retain the property possession of Fort 
Orange — and the Company's affairs and interests are not 
neglected by La Battie, and provided he annually pays six 
merchantable Beavers. 

\ Done 15 June, 1647, in Fort Amsterdam in New Nether- 

[Vol. 3, p. 192.] I Peter Wynkoop, supercargo on the ves- 
sel The Arms of Renselaerwyck, Commissary Superintendent 
of Wares and Merchandises, in behalf of the Hon. Kiliaen 
Van Eenselaer, protest against the Hon. Van der Hoghens 
on the insult and violence used against me by unloading said 
vessel, as if the Patroon aforesaid was personally insulted. 
'While such a conduct can not be construed as to vilify and 
Injure said Patroon who is the oldest Patriot in this country — 
1 say that it is indecorous to unload such a vessel, and con- 

The Alhamj Records. 49 

sign the goods to other hands — and arrive here uncommis- 
sioned and dispose of our goods — to which shall not be sub- 
mitted, and whereas this is vilifying New Netherland and its 
ofl&cers, although they cannot vilify our Patroon, who made 
such great sacrifices for his colony and New Netherland. 
So I, Peter Wynkoop, renew once more my protest against 
the Attorney Greneral Van der Hoghens, and solicit the Di- 
rector and Council in New Netherland to repair this our in- 
jury and losses which we suffered by the taking of the ship, 
the "Arms of Renselaerwyck." Done at Manhattans, 18 
March, 1644. 

The Attorney General answers that he followed orders and 
his instructions, and that he used no force. 
PiETER Wynkoop, 

CoRNELis Van der Huyhens,^^ Gen. 
miemDeKey, | ^.^^,33,,. 
Isbrand (Jcaseii, 

Present Cornells Van Tienhoveii, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 193.] The Attorney General gives a more 
explicit answer to the insolent Protest of Peter Wyncoop — 
that no injury has been done; that no violence has been 
used, neither that any insult was intended to the Hon. Van 
Rensselaer — but well that the most unreasonable transactions 
has taken place which could have been imagined, viz: that 
you declined fifty pair of shoes, to be paid at your own price 
in silver, beavers or seawant which was more than once so- 
licited by our director and counsel while the welfare of this 
country depended upon it, as it is a fact that with a few 
pairs of shoes so many soldiers have been mustered as were 
sufficient to kill five hundred of our enemies. But you even 
declined to meet us and converse on the subject when we 
sent you a messenger, and used such harsh language as 
your Hon. Patroon would not stoop to use. But Sir ! we after- 
wards discovered the reasons why you were so unmanage- 
able, and these were : that you prefer to retail these goods 
to our poor settlers at an exorbitant usury, which you would 
not have dared to ask from the Directors and council, and 
which we dare say is against the will of your Patroon ; but 

Animls, iv. 5 

50 The Albany Records. 

further, I was in formed that there were in said vessel many 
contrabande articles, so was it my duty, would I not 
disobey the orders of the Hon. Directors, with those of the 
Director and Council in New Netherland to arrest and ex- 
amine the lading of said vessel. This could not be done 
without unloading, and well it was I did so — a considerable 
quantity of powder, many guns, were discovered, which 
were unknown to the Com pany, neither placed on the invoice ; 
and which no doubt were intended for smuggling, as these 
therefore, beyond a shadow of doubtare contraband articles ; 
as therefore these smuggled articles were no doubt intended 
to be distributed, or rather sold to the savages, which is 
forbidden on the penalty of the gallows ; so is this miscon- 
duct of such direful consequences as I have demonstrated in 
my prosecution what you say, that I ought to have been 
equally vigilant with regard to other vessels which may 
have arrived from the company, and which I ought to have 
confiscated. It is evident even in this respect I did my duty, 
but it was not my fault that the Skipper as a villian violated 
his arrest and sailed away. This I could not prevent — the 
lawsuit against him was instituted — ship and goods con- , 
demned, v/henever and whereever he can be brought to jus- 

Whereas you are continually trading with particular 
merchants, and make use or abuse their colours to cover a 
clandestine trade, which too is forbidden, and by the Direc- 
tors and by your Patroon under a frivolous pretext 3 to keep 
your Colony from pollution, to which we should be willing 
to give our assistance, as we have always shown how willing 
we were to assist the Colony of Renselaerwyck whenever it 
was placed in our power, so as every good subject will attest, 
and of which last winter such luculent proofs have been 
given — when we provided one of their vessels with 75 gun- 
powder, although we ourselves were in want of it through 
the perilous war in which we were involved with the sa- 
vages ; so that it is far from us as you insolently pretend, that 
we should wish to insult the Patroon Van Renselaer, but 
to the contrary are willing to assist him in promoting the 
welfare of his colony; and whereas you exert yourselves to 
frustrate his noble plans by associating yourself with private 
individuals, while our director spontaneously made you an 

The Albany Records. 61 

offer of one of his yachts without any expenses of the Pa- 
troon, so it is beyond question that no other free merchants 
can be prevented to trade everywhere as they please. If 
your conduct could be justified thus, my innocent transac- 
tion is freed from blame, and I pointedly deny that any 
damage whatever has been caused by my people in examin- 
ing or unloading said vessel — are you of a contrary opinion, 
call me before any court of justice whenever you please. I 
protest against the consequences of any troubles or expenses 
which you may occasion. Done the 22d March, 1644, on 
Manhattans, in fort Amsterdam. 

CoRNELis Van Der Huyhens, 

Attorney General. 

I Peter Wyncoop shall answer as soon I am returned in 
the Colony of Renselaerwyck. 

Gysbebt Op Dyck, 
Present David Provost. 

WiUemDe Key^h^ absence of the Secretary, done as above. 

[Vol. 3, p. 196.] I undersigned, Pieter Wyncoop, super- 
cargo of the Ship Renselaerwyck, acknowledge to have re- 
ceived from Cornelis Van Der Huyhens, Attorney General 
in New Netherland eighteen kegs gunpowder, by order of the 
Hon. Director Kieft, and this without any prejudice of the 
Attorney General's claim on said gunpowder — promising to 
defend myself against the suit of the Attorney General. 

Done 23 March, 1644, in Fort xlmsterdam in New Neth- 
erland. Pieter Wyncoop. 

Th. Willett. S VVitnes.e.. 
Present Cornelis Van TienJiouen, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 210.] This day appeared before me Cornelis 
Van Tienhoven, Secretary in New Netherland, Nicolas Toorn, 
residing in the Colony of Renselaerwyck, who acknowledged 
that he adopted and received from the Hon. William Kieft, 
Director General in New Netherland, a young girl belonging 
to the West Indian Company, Maria, daughter of great Pe- 
ter, a black man, for four successive years, during which 
years said Maria shall serve Nicolas Coorn aforesaid, pro- 

52 The A Ihany Records. 

vided he maintains her in victuals and clothes. After the 
expiration of said four years Coorn shall return said girl if 
yet alive to the Director General or his successor. In truth 
whereof this instrument has been signed by Nicolas Coorn, 
the 25 May, 1644, in Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland. 

N. Coorn. 
Present Cornelis Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 198.] Appeared before me Cornelis Van Tien- 
hoven Secretary of New Netherland, Thomas Badgehott 
planter on the Island Manhattan, son of John Badgehott 
Nobleman residing during his life in London, in Old Eng- 
land, who in the presence of the undersigned witnesses 
acknowledged to have received from John Evans, merchant 
of New Haven in New England, the sum of forty £ sterling, 
for which forty £ sterling Thomas Badgehott aforesaid 
promises to pay within ten months from this day the sum 
of fifty five £ st. to said John Evans, his heirs or descend- 
ants, or his attorney said Thomas Badgehott promises farther 
if he through the recommendation or credentials of said 
John Evans mightobtain more money then he is ready to give 
his notes for it and pay for every forty £ st. which he shall re- 
ceive Fifty five £ st. in return and well that this payment 
too shall be made within ten months, and not directly after 
its reception. It is expressly promised by Thomas Badge- 
hott, that if the money, which he already received or might 
hereafter receive from John Evans shall not be punctually 
paid by him on the stated day then said Thomas Badgehott 
submits to a greater security his person and property, real 
and personal, present and future, and especially a tavern, 
called the King's Head in the Bishopsgate Street, which 
tavern, John Evans aforesaid or any one at his order may 
take possession till the last payment shall have been made 
by Thomas Badgehott or his heirs to John Evans — submit- 
ting himself said Badgehott to the control of any court of 

Done by Thomas Badgehott as principal, Isaac Albertson 
and Thomas Willet witnesses in Fort Amsterdam, New 
Netherland, 25 1644. Thomas Badgehott. 

Isaac Albertson, ) -rn-'. 

Thomas Willet, j 

The Albany Records. 53 

[Vol. 4, p. 9.] One (letter) 6 Sept. 1648 of Charles Van 
Brugge from fort Orange. 

[ — p. 15.] It has to us the appearance that Brant Van 
Slechtenhoost is a man of a quarrelsome character which 
is given him by individuals who lived under his direction in 
the colony, we intend to enter on this subject in conference 
with Sir Wouter Yan Twiller, so too about his private pre- 
tensions, when we will send your Hon. our final resolutions 
as soon as it shall be possible. In the mean time we cannot 
but renew once more this recommendation, that you may con- 
tinue to live in a good understanding and harmony with our 

By the account of this transaction we remember, that the 
wife of Abramus Staats, who lived before in Kenselaerwyck, 
did notify us that she with your consent had built a house in 
Fort Orange, and requests therefore from our college an act 
of approbation of which we do not recollect one single ex- 
ample, but as she farther solicits that she in that case may 
become entitled to all the privileges which we might ev nt- 
ually grant to our subjects so we can not discern wbat may 
be pretended to be included within this special petition, nei- 
ther can give upon it any other answer, as this is to be 
understood of all equitable conditions which every good and 
honest burgher of the fort enjoys. It is your opinion that 
the bouses are constructed too near the walls by the inha- 
bitants of Kenselaerwyck, of which you deem pride to be the 
principle, and that the prospect of the Fort ought to remain 
unobstructed, at least so far as a cannon shot, and you farther 
assert that there are remaining convenient places along the 
river to build houses, while from the other side it is main- 
tained that they have no other remedy to secure themselves 
against an assault of the Indians, therefore we should wish 
that you would ponder these considerations and reflect, thus, 
as much as you ought to be on your guard against encroach- 
ments upon your jurisdiction, so from the other side the in- 
habitants ought to accommodate when it is in your power. 

We could not but favorably dispose on the petition of Rev. 
Backerus renewed in different letters while it appeared well 
founded by the approbation of the classis. This would cause 
us a greater anxiety if we were not some what relieved by the 

54 The Albany Records, 

hope, that, perhaps by persuasion the Eev. minister of Kensse- 
laerwyck, Megapolensis, might be induced to remain there a 
few years longer, to which we should incline by the favorable 
manner in which your Hon. has spoken of him. It is true 
his wife is already returned here with the prospect that he 
soon would follow, as it seems that his presence is required 
here for the liquidation of an estate in which he seems to be 
much interested, we have notwithstanding this conversed 
often with his wife and we believe that she could be per- 
suaded to return once more to her husband thither, provided, 
she was assured, that it was not unacceptable to him. 
Trusting on his discretion we are in hope that she shall 
acquiesce in our wish. "We shall endeavor to agree about 
his salary in a manner to his satisfaction, wherefore, your 
Hon. will endeavor to obtain directly his consent to pro- 
mote the service of God's church and render these our news 
palatable to his congregation. It is otherwise to be appre- 
hended that this church for a long while would remain with- 
out a minister, and so we employ this remedy as the nearest 
at hand. 

\\q\. 4, p. 23.] The recommendation in behalf of the 
Rev. Megapolensis had been so much attended to by us that 
we have appropriated /600 to his wife, as the salary for one 
half year : What treatment she has met with from the heirs 
of Yan Eensselaer for the services which he performed in 
that district you may learn from his wife, and to her we shall 
rather send you than say a great deal about it. 

We appointed at your request a school master who shall 
officiate, at the same time, as a comforter of the sick. He 
is considered an honest and pious man and shall embark 
with the first opportunity. 

[Vol. 4, p. 25.] Your apprehensions with regard to the Rev. 
Barkerus have been verified. He has made a common cause 
with the complainants which arrived here from your country. 
These silly persons, at least, the largest part, of petitioners 
have been imposed upon by a few nothing worthy persons 
viz : Cornells Melys, Adrian Yan Der Donck and a few others, 
who, as it appears will leave nothing untried to abjure every 
kind of subjection to government, under pretext that they 
groaned under a galling yoke. In this frantic opinion they 

The Albany Becords. 55 

are confirmed by Wouter Van Twiller, who aims to appoint 
himself as the only commander on the North river and dares 
to declare in public that he does not intend to permit any 
one to navigate this river with a commercial view and that 
he will expel with force every one who in that purpose 
should come there or in Rensselaerwyck, asserting besides 
that Fort Orange was constructed on the soil of Rensse- 
laerwyck, consequently that the company has no right 
whatever to permit particular persons either to build a 
house or exercise any trade ; without considering, that said 
Fort Orange — 15 years before any mention of Rensselaer- 
wyck exists has been constructed and usually garrisoned 
by the company — that besides a house of commerce has 
been established in the Fort till the year 1644, so that the 
fur trade till our days was exclusively reserved to the 
company and ought to remain on the same footing when- 
ever the company shall be enabled to provide their maga- 
zines with sufficient store goods. Neither are we without * 
hope to discover and employ the means as soon as the 
opportunity is offered to exclude from this commerce these 
impertinent fellows, using this sovereign right with the best 
title to the confusion of this ungrateful individual who if 
we may express ourselves in this manner had sucked his 
wealth from the breasts of the company, which he now 
abuses upon which the merchants pretty generally trans- 
mitted to us inclosed petition requesting to be maintained 
by us in their right to a free trade. 

Apprehending from their warnings that Wouter Yan 
Twiller might again become so presumptuous to obstruct 
once more by force the navigation on the North River, and 
use violent means against the merchants vilifying in this 
manner the right of jurisdiction in the company, in such 
a case, it is our express will that your Hon. shall repell 
him with prudence for your guide, by force of arms, if he 
planted again some guns near the river, as he did before, 
your Hon, will carry them off and keep them in your 
custody till you have received our further orders. He has 
requested us in behalf of Rensselaerwyck to freight his 
own ship, with 6001b. powder and 6001b. lead which we 
fear he may abuse. It is our intention to provide you too 
with some powder and lead, not with the intention to of- 

56 The Albany Becords. - 

fend any one with it but only to maintain the right of the 
company, which in our opinion is in danger,, through the 
machinations of many. It is your duty to keep a watchful 
eye on the ship of this Van Twyler, and in case any 
articles were discovered in it besides our general invoice, 
or freighted without the consent of the Comp. then you 
must take the whole in your possession and institute a law 
suit upon it by the attorney general, conform with the laws 
of the land. 

[Vol. 4, p. 30]. The wife of the Rev. Megapolensis will 
have informed you of the contentment we have granted 
her at your request, and what respects the printing of the 
written confession by him, we shall converse on the sub- 
ject with the delegated brothers of the Rev. Classis and 
communicate to you their decree about it. 

The schoolmaster for whom you solicited comes in the 
same vessel with this letter. The Lord grant that he 
may for a good long time exemplify the favorable testi- 
mony which he carried with him from here to the edifica- 
tion of the youth. 

[Vol. 4, p. 31]. We look forward with anxiety for the 
resolution of the English to go to war with the Indians 
called Waspings, because if it happened that they should 
be expelled from their lands then the English should in- 
quire the means by the conquest of this country to sepa- 
rate Rensselaerwyck from our dominions. In the same 
manner and under the same pretext, they might occupy 
the North River and become exclusively the masters of 
the fur trade, for which we have here already too many 
competitors. Wouter Van Twiller with his associates par- 
ticularly pretend that they ought to be privileged to this 
trade, although the company has never surrendered this 
right but maintained it with exclusion of all others, and 
which in fact would of New Netherland. 

[Vol. 4, p. 43.] All your letters are full of various com- 
plaints and some relating to persons of whom it could not 

NoTE.^ Rev. Jolin Megapolensis wrote an account of Mohawks 
in 1644, of which is a translation in Hazard's collection, vol. i, p. 517 . 

The Albany Records. hi 

have been expected as holden to obeisance by their oath to 
the company, but principally so with regard to the returned 
commissaries, who not only abuse our indulgent discretion 
but set at nought the good intention of their high might- 
inesses, we fostered the hope that these persons as they are 
advised by their High Might, would henceforth have con- 
ducted themselves in a quiet and peaceable manner. As we 
are however, to our grief informed by your letters and which 
is attested by many credible persons, who lately returned to 
this country, that these persons endeavor through all means 
even the most culpable to alienate the minds of the unthink- 
ing multitude from the company and its ministers, and to 
lure them from their duty of allegiance to dispossess the com- 
pany and its ministers if it was possible from their privileges 
and prerogatives as well as of their government, which we, 
by what we owe to our high might, trust not longer as indif- 
ferent about the interests of so many interested not longer 
may endure, so is it, that we have found ourselves obliged to 
warn by our inclosed letter so well our subjects as the Eng- 
lish, to be on their guard against similar destroyers of the 
public peace and assist us in opposing their pernicious 
councils. We entrust your Hon. with the copy of these 
letters in the view that your Hon. shall conduct himself in 
all circumstances and situations with prudence allways 
inclined to moderation, and if your Hon. shall observe that 
said persons are willing to do their duty in all respects, 
then he ought to forget all what is past as if it never had 
been done, which conduct will be gratifying to Their High 
Might, who only intended by their granted letters of 
habeas corpus to prevent that these persons when returned 
home should not be vexed with regard to the complaints 
which they have brought forward when they were in this 
country; which never too was our intention, nor is it yet 
if we only see that these persons shall do their duty, and 
behave themselves peaceably and with respect as we by 
God's mercy hope to be informed of, wherefore we deem it 
our duty to warn you (the Director of New Netherlands 
Petrus Stuyvesand) that we only have been compelled by 
an imperious necessity to this proclamation to our good 
people at large. 

58 The Albany Records. 

Our surprise at the boldness of some individuals cannot 
be increased, among these Cornelis Melyn has been daring 
enough to abuse the name of Their High Might, pretending 
that your country should be divided in seven provinces, and 
that a royal fort ^7as to be constructed on the point of 
Staten Island where every vessel should be obliged to 
come to before it would be permitted to proceed to Man- 
hattan, we never heard suggested a single word of similar 
dreams so that there is no reason at all that your Hon. 
should feel any anxiety about it or take any notice of it what- 
ever you may hear if it comes not directly from us. 

We observe that many persons do not scruple on this 
pretext to take possession of the best lands without any 
form or limitation, even as if it were a fact that the com- 
pany and its ministers had no longer any controul and was 
actually dispossessed from all her prerogatives. For this 
reason it is our peremptory command that your Hon. shall 
not grant to any individual the possession of any lands 
except under a solemn acknowledgment of the West Ind. 
Company's administration. Your Hon. will pay particular 
attention to grant in future no more lands to any person, 
as you shall deem proper after an exact examination of the 
situation of such individuals, and obtained assurance of their 
sincere intention to settle it, and promote their actual cul- 
tivation. It appears from divers examples that by a con- 
trary method many tracts of lands have been pretended as 
acquired property which however during a number of years 
they have left unimproved, neither settling or cultivating 
these, or building any houses, as we have experienced of 
Cornelis Melyn, Wouter Van Twiller and others. So this 
Melyn is in possession of an 7 or 8 miles large, with only 
one single improvement of 15 acres; and so Wouter Van 
Twiller, not satisfied with the incorporation of Puts Island 
with Hell Gate, is now trying to appropriate to himself, 
and thus to become master of Cats-kill, above all which, he 
further appropriate to himself two fiats on Long Island, the 
one called Twillers, the other Corlcars, the whole contain- 
ing between 3000 or 3750 acres. 

In the same manner Walter Gerrets and Andries Hudde 
have acted, taking possession of about 3375 acres of which 
they ought not to possess the 50th part. This never could be 

The Albany Beeords. 59 

the intention of the company, while in this manner many 
valuable and important tracts with high prerogatives might 
be claimed, and the country remain in the mean time a 
desert. Wherefore it is our express will and peremptory 
command, that your Hon. shall not grant neither permit 
the occupation of any tract of land as with the stipulation 
which we have mentioned before what re^rards Lons: 
Island — it shall in our opinion best promote the interest 
of the company, to allot to every one in proportion to his 
abilities or wants so much land as he can cultivate and many 
want for buildings, till we shall find an opportunity to 
establish a certain rule, by which may be ascertained how 
much land by every colonist may be possessed. 

We cannot conceal our surprise, that the second Dinck- 
laken associated with Invaders of that stamp, particularly 
with Govert Loockemans and others, who purchased con- 
siderable tracts of the Raretans on the Kill opposite Staten 
Island without knowing on whose account they imagine to 
receive a deed from their H. Mi2:ht. without knowledge of 
the company, which we can never believe, and which we 
shall oppose with all proper means whenever an opportunity 
is offered. 

Much could yet be said upon this subject, but we will 
delay it to another opportunity^, or till the Secretary (Thien- 
hoven) shall have arrived, who in our opinion has been 
long enough detained to his personal disadvantage, and by 
the manoeuvers of some miscreants and purturbators of the 
public peace."**** 

[Vol. 4, p. 4G.] The querrulous protestations of Brant 
Van Sleghtenhorst do not come with us in any further con- 
sideration as that we accept these as a notification of his 
wishes to obtain Kats-kil, which tract, long before he took 
possession of it had been granted to others ; neither can 
we discover to this moment with what right either he or 
his principals can pretend to be maintained in this pos- 
session, as they never petitioned the company for this grant. 
No more can we discover on what ground the colonists of 
Rensselaerwyck did occupy Bears Island, which they called 
Rensselaer's Stein, which possession they have usurped 
in such a lofty way that they named this place '* the place 

60 The Albany Records. 

by riglits of arms," (de plaets van't wapen recht) and com- 
pelled every one, exempting only the company's property, 
to pay a toll of 5 per cent., and as if this was not yet 
enough, they indulged their presumption so far that they 
dared pretend that Fort Orange was built on their territory 
and that they would not permit that any one, not even with 
the consent of the company, should in this fort reside and 
share in the fur trade, on all which we shall only remark with 
few words, that this fort was built by the company several 
years before these colonists selected thatspot for their Colony, 
wherefore we commanded your Hon. before to maintain our 
good inhabitants of that fort in their right which we again con- 
firm. In the same manner we declared before and renew this 
declaration, that if any person was daring enough to exact 
upon any rivers, islands or harbours within the limits of the 
company, any tolls or imposition on salt to the injury of 
the Inhabitants at large, or of private traders, such vexa- 
tions by all proper means, and if required via facte must 
be prevented, as it is our firm resolve, never to part with 
similar preeminences or jurisdiction to any colonists whom- 
soever, as these persons presume to arrogate to themselves. 

It is true that the Notary Jan Ven do Veen solicit at 
different times to allow him to select a large tract of land, 
which in your opinion might be granted to him by us 
without prejudice, so that we shall not make any difficulty 
in acquiescing in it — proviso. He gives up his extrava- 
gant claim to a high and low jurisdiction, which we should 
deem imcompatible with the supreme rights of the company, 
and which it is yet our determined resolution to preserve 
in behalf of the company by all the means in our power. 
We remain however inclined to grant him such a sufficient 
tract as he may desire. 

[Vol. 4, p. 47.] As you may expect the arrival of many 
passengers with the vessels which are now ready for their 
voyage to establish themselves in New Netherland, so is 
it our desire that your Hon. will provide these lands with 
discretion, paying a due regard to their quality and the 
number of their persons, as it is our design to promote 
by all means the population of this country. While the 

The Albany Records. 61 

Baron Hendrik Yan de Capellan seems inclined to acquire 
some tracts of land in that country to settle and cultivate 
it as appears to us from his letter, we should wish that 
you might accommodate him with a good and convenient 
tract, as we can have no higher object in view, as to see 
that Persons of his eminent station in life, employ them- 
selves in similar useful undertakings. We regret indeed 
that we can not fully gratify Mr. La Montague, nevertheless 
we are willing to assist him upon your recommendation as 
shall be permitted to us from the situation of the company ; 
wherefore, we have resolved to command you to encourage 
him to the continuance in his service to allow him for the 
present a longer term for the payment which he owes the 
company, to augment his annual salary from /150 to /200 
and to favor him with any vacant office for which you may 
deem him capable under our approbation. 

[Vol. 4, p 48.] Although some merchants pretend that 
the recognitions on the Beavers are too high, as a mer- 
chantable beaver is taxed at /8 (£1 6s. 8d.) and therefore 
requested to lower it to /6 (£1) we can not consent in 
it because the greatest part of the Beavers imported in 
the last vessels have been sold at /lO (1 13s. 4d.) or 
there about. We perceive besides this that large parties 
arc smusErled. 


[Vol. 4, p. 49.] We are not surprised at all *' that the 
passengers complain of the freight of their passage '' but 
it is not yet in our power to alter it as we tried it in vain, 
so that we even threatened the masters of vessels to with- 
hold from them their commission, provided they would 
engage to charge the passengers not higher as 7 (Is. 2d.) 
for their daily fare, but it was all in vain, we have been 
compelled to contract with Skipper Bloemart to allow him 
for every soldier and the individuals belonging to his train 
8 (£0 Is. 4d.) of these persons we shall write hereafter at 

We are surprised your Hon. amusing himself with pro- 
tests and contra protests against the common council on 
affairs of such little consequence as are a pew or a seat in 

Annalsy iv. 6 

62 The Albany Eecords. 

the church, while wo suppose that the church shall be 
large enough to accommodate every individual agreeably to 
his quality and that similar trifles do not deserve so much 
attention in such turbulent times. 

We understood with great regret that the Mohawk In- 
dians (Maquas) made an incursion on the territory of 
France in Canada and taken with them 8 a 9 Christians as 
prisoners for whom no doubt they will demand a large 
ransom or they shall be cruelly tortured, which moves your 
compassion. This is indeed becoming a Christian — but 
we first ought to take care of our own household. Your 
Hon. knows how a few of this nation some time past have 
been delivered at the expenses of the Company and from 
the public money of which never a farthing was returned — 
so that we will suppose when these complaints shall be known 
in France that they shall take care of their own countrymen. 

It is not yet in our power to comply with j^our request to 
send you a, handsome quantity of small money to accom- 
modate the public and consider your second proposal no 
more practicable viz : to oblige the traders to pay the re- 
cognitions of 8 per cent in cash and well in small coin in 
New Netherlands as they leave nothing untried here to get 
rid of every burthen at least of the recognitions if not in 
the whole, therefore their largest part. They are en- 
couraged in this by Wouter Van Twiller and his adherents 
who would persuade them, that more moderation in this 
point ere long is to be expected, as no person is longer in- 
clined to employ his vessels in this trade or bring their 
merchandise in our magazines. We do not know in what 
these persons do trust but we are confident they shall be 
disappointed ; and more so yet if said Van Twiller intends 
to monopolize the trade upon the North River, which we 
know to have been his aim a great while with his toil on 
Bears Island now called by them Rensselaer's Stein ; but 
we have no intention to permit this, but that every one shall 
navigate this River unmolested and enjoy a free trade in 
our fort Orange which these colonists pretend to have been 
constructed on their territory. Who ever heard a more 
impertinent pretension ? This example makes us averse to 
permit any one in future such an unlimited colonization and 
jurisdiction, but remain inclined to allow every individual 

The Albany Records, 63 

so much ground as he is able to settle and cultivate, as we 
insinuated before. 

[Vol. 4, p. 52-3.] We are importuned by Peter Gabin 
upon a draught drawn by your Hon. upon the company of 
about /500 (£83 Gs. 8d.) to obtain payt. so too by Govert 
Lookemans, who married the widow of Dirck Cornells Van 
Wensveen for an account, /861 9 8 which originates in 
delivered merchandise and wages — But as we are entirely 
uninformed of the first transaction and know no more about 
the accounts of Wensveen, and as we have observed in this 
and other similar accounts that in these are inserted monthly 
wages, Payments of laborers — Debts and credits of free 
persons which does not agree with the Records of the 
Wages on which all similar transactions are set down, so 
we have declined to meddle with the licjuidations of these 
accounts leaving it to your Hon. to settle with these and 
similar persons in the best manner you may find practicable — 
While your Hon. shall recollect, that here on the account 
of Dirk Cornells Van Wensveen has been credited /165 6 
which was evidently placed on the records of wages upon 
another man's account of which sum your Hon. shall take 
notice by a final settlement. 

April 26, 1651. 
[Vol. 4, p. 59.] You will do well to act in conformity 
with our commands which we communicated in the letter 
to your Hon. as mentioned above and in one which we 
wrote to you and your second Dinclagen, as it is our wish 
to cultivate mutual harmony with the prosperity and in- 
crease of the inhabitants of New Netherland. Of all what 
since has passed in the negotiations and the arrival of the 
Ambassadours from England, so with regard to the termina- 
tion of the Limits between our colonies as the mutual com- 
plaints can your Hon. receive a satisfactory information 
from Cornells Van Tienhoven, who is returning to New 
Netherland with a renewed commission of Secretary, so that 
there is no necessity for us to enlarge more on this subject. 
Said Cornells Von Thienhoven solicited us the privilege 
to purchase a farm situated in New Netherland and belong- 

64 The Albany Records. 

ing to the company, large about 30 or 33 acres, besides the 
hay land, a farm house of 50 by 20 feet, a hay loft, two 
mares and a horse and a Negro, all now in use by Thomas 
Hall whose lease was to expire next summer. But, as we 
do know nothing about the value of this farm, not even its 
situation much less if this purchase should be in prejudice 
or advantage of the company we thought best to communi- 
cate the subject to you in the hope to receive from you 
a satisfactory account, that we may accommodate said 
secretary, if possible, wherefore it shall be best not to enter 
in a further contract with Thomas Hall till you shall have 
received our answer upon your letter which shall be your 
guide. We have engaged here our first clerk Johannes 
Dyckman as Bookkeeper in New Netherland with a salary 
of /30 in the month besides his boarding : We recom- 
mend him so that your Hon. when any opportunity to favor 
him may appear, may use it to his advantage, in a manner 
as may be justified with his merits and comportment. 

We have resolved to promote the population of New 
Netherland and fix more permanently the navigation in 
that place, that you will exact 16 per cent from all wares 
and merchandises imported in English, Virginia or New 
England vessels to New Netherland and permit these to go 
from New Netherland thither without paying any recogni- 
tion whatever, to put a stop to the practice of those who 
send their goods to New England to return these afterwards 
to New Netherland on a diminished recognition and pre- 
vent that the merchants, trading from here to New Nether- 
land, are not longer prejudiced. 

What respects the proposal in your last letter to increase 
the duties on merchandise exported from here with other 
wares to New Netherland to Virginia to lure the commerce 
from there this indeed is impracticable, because every de- 
partment here may issue commissions to the English Vir- 
ginias because it would be to their prejudice and to the 
advantage of the Department of Amsterdam for which they 
would decline to give their consent, wherefore your Hon. 
will conform himself to our order of exacting 16 per cent of 
all the merchandise imported from English Virginia and 
communicate in your next your opinion about its success. 

The Albany Records. 65 

26 April, 1651. 
[Vol, 4, p. 61.] Honorable, Valiant, Trusty : We have 
upon the proposal of secretary Cornells Van Tienhoven as 
that he by your Hon. and Council not long before his de- 
parture was appointed in the place of Roelof De Haase, 
ileceiver of the company's domains and revenues either from 
tithes, recognitions or otherv^^ise, confirmed this appointment 
for his long and faithful services till our further orders with 
the allowance of 2^ per cent. 

And as we know from experience that since a number of 
years no tythes have been paid for many Lands in New 
Netherland to which their owners were holden to the company 
by contract, and that they have been connived at and ex- 
cused when we were involved in War by the insurrection 
of the Indians, and as they now about six years have again 
been in peaceable possession of these for which they ought 
not to decline this payment, so that we expect that your 
Hon. may reflect on the best manner in which this revenue 
again may be exacted, avoiding in the beginning to create 
much cause of discontent, and inform us of his success by 
the first opportunity that we may take upon it a final resolu- 
tion such as we may deem proper. In which confiding. 
Honorable, Valiant, Trusty 
recommending you in Gods Protection 
we Kemain your Good Friends 
The Directors of the West Ind. Comp. 

Department of Amsterdam 
JoHAN Le Thor 
Amsterdam 26 Apr. 1651. Isaac Van Beeck. 

Sir P. Stuyvesant Director &c. 

[Vol. 4, p. 63.] The contentment which our last letters 
have given so to our Inhabitants as to the English induce us 
to continue our course in the same track. The copying of 
said letters causes us indeed some trouble but we will not 
shrink from this task because a few seditious persons have 
endeavored to persuade the inhabitants that these letters 
were not written by the Company but only by a few of the 
Directors present so that the good inhabitants may clearly 
discover the pernicious machinations of the seditious persons. 
We do not have a shadow of doubt or it shall be in our 
power to crush their malicious atteu^pts ia the birth. The 

66 The Albany Records, 

inhabitants will yet place a higher trust in our good inten- 
tions as soon as they are acquainted in what favorable manner 
we have disposed on their requests. 

They complain loudly that a fraudulent commerce is made 
by Individuals in powder, lead and guns, we send you to 
prevent this dangerous enterprise, a printed proclamation to 
whose execution the unwearied exertions of the Attorney 
General are required. 

What regard their complaints of the vexations of the 
Indians to which they are exposed through the instigations 
of malicious persons who endeavor to persuade those savages, 
that we dare not punish their insolent barbarity. It shall 
appear to them from the execution of the secret resolution 
with which your Hon. is intrusted that we can effect a league 
with our English Nabors to guarantee our mutual possessions 
to crush the bold attempts of these barbarous hordes — 
proviso always — that no concessions are made to them of 
any preeminences which in your opinion might be rather 

We consent to abolish the recognition on the imported 
Tobacco besides this we are actually soliciting our Govern- 
ment that from the new taxation of the tobacco, cultivated 
in New Netherland may be exempted, which must be of 
great advantage to the planters. 

To the Director and Council of New Netherland. 

[Vol. 4, p. 64.] We consent to show another favor to 
these plantations upon the proposal of the inhabitants that 
they may import in their own vessels so many Negroes as 
they may want to the cultivation of their fields on the con- 
ditions of our government of which we inclose a copy. 

[Vol. 4, p. 66.] We have, to promote this end [getting 
reports ready] established a separate ofiice for the afi'airs of 
New Netherland for which it is required that you send us 
by the first opportunity accurate Registers of all the Lands, 
farms, and houses which are rented in behalf of the com- 
pany and upon what terms and conditions these have been 
rented. ^As we know that the Island of Manhattan has 
been exclusively reserved to the company as is evident from 
the reservations and yet have reasons to suspect that some 

llie Albany Records. 67 

tracts on it have been granted to individuals without our 
knowledge, so it is becoming that we should receive a full 
account of similar transactions; while it has the appearance 
that within a few years the population shall under God's 
blessing be considerably increased, so it becomes us to make 
in this view proper arrangements for it and provide that 
the land may be distributed in a more equal manner as for- 
merly has been the practice, when every one seemed to have 
followed the desire of his own heart and this without any 
previous knowledge of the Directors or that of their minis- 
ters. The necessity of similar precautions in future becomes 
evident from the conduct of Wouter Yan Twiller, Olfert 
Gerritsen, Lubbert Van Dinklageu, Jacob Wobferts and 
others who purchased from the Indians considerable tracts 
without our knowledge or approbation which is insufferable 
and wherefore, it is our will that every one shall be warned 
by a proclamation to be on his guard not to purchase, or 
take possession of any lands whatsoever without knowledge 
and approbation of the company or its ministers — That 
further all similar purchases shall be annulled and rendered 
void with the reserve that a reimbursement shall be made 
of the purchase money, actually paid and that the company 
may be reinvested in that property. It remains our inten- 
tion nevertheless that every one shall be able to acquire so 
much land as he can settle and cultivate, provided he holds 
it from the company, but we are very averse to throw away 
these lands without distinction as too long has been the cus- 
tom, viz : with whole Islands, so as to Cornells Melyn who 
settled a tract, long 8 miles with 5 or 6 souls and who con- 
sequently had forfeited his right and title to it long since — 
wherefore it had been well that you had divested him of 
this property long since and entrusted with it such persons 
who would have been more punctual in fullfilling their 
agreement. It has now the appearance, that the Barons 
Henrik and Alexander Van de Capelle have negociated with 
this Patroon and purchased a part of the said Island with- 
out our knowledge or approbation. Besides this we have 
been informed by Baron Hendrick Van De Capellan that 
he purchased for his account the tract named Newensing 
and Raritans, situated behind Staten Island, which tracts 
knowing nothing of these transactions we had already en- 

68 The Albany Records, 

gaged to Cornells Van Werkenhoven who lias embarked 
with a numerous family and suit, to take possession of it. 
As your Hon. will see from the commission which we have 
granted him. If this Nobleman do interest himself in the 
welfare of New Netherland and well in regard of the com- 
pany, as we have reason to suppose, then he might be an 
instrument through which many persons might be allured 
to embark for that country nevertheless we could have wished 
that we had been excused of disposing of such a large tract 
in his favour as we do agree with you in opinion that it can 
not be very serviceable to the company, but we could not 
disoblige this man, being a member of our Government and 
would avoid the appearance as if we were inclined to stop 
the course of the population. We experience in this respect 
the inconveniences of that licentiousness of which we before 
complained as the Baron pretends to have already and well 
one year and a half before this time been in possession of 
these lands, to which we can only answer that we had not 
received any knowledge at all so that they ought to agree 
upon it among themselves. These are the fruits when it is 
endeavored to establish one government in another. If 
your Hon. had sent Dinklagen hither this incident might 
have been prevented. This might have been perfected 
with reason and decency as he did resign his office without 
having answered the trust reposed in him for which he could 
not make a pretention to any wages due to him. It is to be 
presumed that he was resolved since 1650 to leave the com- 
pany in the lurch when he was pressing your Hon. with 
such an importunity to pay him his salary in full, with which 
however he was not satisfied but stirred the soldiers to mutiny. 
We have already connived too long at the impertinent be- 
haviour of some turbulent individuals to make them ashamed 
by our benevolence and discretion but perceiving at last that 
all our condescension does not avail so must we take our 
refuge to God — to nature and the Law, for which we com- 
mand you whenever you might discover some clandestine 
associations, conventicles or machinations against the Govern- 
ment of our republic or company that you will proceed against 
such malignant persons according to the rigour of the Laws 
and their own demerits with this precaution that it is by no 
means our intention that any one should obtain reasons to 

The Albany Becords. 69 

complain that he was injured by private malice which is far 
from us. Although we plainly perceive that many skulk 
under this cloak and we may discover their malice under 
this Garb yet we have resolved upon your proposal to stop 
the slandering mouth, to agree that you shall establish a 
court [of Justice] ? similar to that which exists in this city 
for which we send you printed copies of all the Courts of 
Judicature and Magistracy. We suppose it shall at first 
answer every purpose to elect a sheriff two Burgomasters 
and five Schepens, so that all judgments may be carried in 
appeal to the Supreme Court of Judicature to obtain a 
definitive judgment. Every attention is to be paid in the 
Election of these magistrates so that honest and respectable 
persons which we hope that may be found among the Citi- 
zens may be chosen. It is our earnest desire that as much 
as possible the preference shall be given to Individuals of 
this Nation which in our opinion shall be gratifying to the 
people at large. We give our consent above all this that 
one public school may be established for which one school 
master would be sufficient and he might be engaged aty*250 
annually. We recommend you Jan De La Montague whom 
we have provisionally favored with the Appointment. Your 
Hon. may appropriate the City Tavern for this purpose, if 
this is practicable. We do not see in what manner or by 
what means we shall be able to stop the abuse of which you 
complain if the Attorney General will not acquit himself of 
his duty, and we fear that you have erred in raising the 
value of the money 25 per cent., to bring by these means 
some more cash in the country. It shall soon become evi- 
dent what fruits may be expected from this resolution. It 
has been observed by experience that the raising of the 
value of money was followed by the ruin of the country and 
its inhabitants, wherefore we deem it a perilous experiment, 
and had rather seen that our opinion had been asked before 
such a plan had been adopted. 

[Yol. 4, p. 72.] We can conquer our surprise at the 
insolence and boldness of Barent Yan Schlegtenhorst, who 
has dared to expel few individuals from their Garden spots 
which they cultivated, in the vicinity of Fort Orange, upon 
which we will say nothing else, as that it is our firm resolu- 

70 The Albany 'Records. 

tioa to maintain onr Jurisdiction in the neighborhood of 
this Fort, by all means within gunshot ; and if he has 
injured any citizen, or destroyed any of their possessions 
within these limits, to compel him to give such a one satis- 
faction and compensation, in whatever manner the damages 
should have been done. It seems to us that the Colonists 
of Rensselaerwyck here, have agreed mutually upon their 
disputes, and it is presumptive that they will send another 
Director thither, although we are in doubt if it will be in 
their power to disengage themselves from Van Schleghten- 
horst, more so as it is said that he claims from the Colonists 
between /14 a. /15.000; but we cannot say what is the 

Wouter Van Twiller has renewed his chims to settle his 
accounts originating from victuals delivered at the different 
Forts. We could not fall with regard to him on a better 
expedient, as to declare him that we would send you orders 
to licj[uidate with his assignees, on the hope that when they 
shall account for the tithes of that Colony, they will be 
obliged to pay us some balance. 

[Vol. 4, p. 73.] Your journey to the South River and 
what has passed there between you and the Swedes, was to 
us very unexpected, as you did not give us before so much 
as a hint of this your intention. God give that these your 
intentions be crowned with success. We cannot give our 
opinion upon it before we have heard the complaints of the 
Swedish Governour to his Queen, and ascertained how at her 
court these have been received. We hope that our argu- 
ments to prove that we were the first possessors of that 
country shall be acknowledged sufficient. But it is in our 
opinion nearly impracticable to enter here with the Swedes 
in negotiations upon the limits much less to arrive at a final 
conclusion. We will not enter in a discussion, if the de- 
molition of Fort Nassau wasan act of prudence, as no one 
could institute any claim upon it even if the Swedes made a 
show of pretense. Time shall instruct us of the design of 
the New Built Fort Casimer. We are at a loss to conjec- 
ture for what reason it has received this name. You ought 
to be on your guard that it is well secured, so that it can- 
not be surprised. We cannot determine if it is required to 

The Albany Records, 71 

erect any fortifications on the East side opposite this Fort, 
and must leave this to your discretion. But on this point 
we deem it necessary to warn you to pay a continued atten- 
tion that no Fortifications on any of the isles in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Manhattans are erected from persons who 
have dared to instigate the savages against us. We declare 
that you will inquire in this afi'air with a sedulous attention, 
and in case you might discover the truth, to prosecute simi- 
lar persons with that rigour which their demerits deserve ] 
but recommend again to make use of all prudent discre- 
tion, that your precedures may be laid open before the 
whole world. 

We have objections against the provisional agreement 
with the English about our limits. In the instructions of 
our embassadors to England is recommended to them to 
negotiate, and if possible to agree with that Government 
about our limits; but the situation of afi"airs between Eng- 
land and our Government bears yet a very unfavorable 
aspect. God grant that extremities may be avoided. 

[Vol. 4, p. 75.] At your zealous solicitations to be favored 
with another clergyman who could preach in English as 
well as in Dutch, we left nothing untried to gratify you, till, 
as if the Lord had guided his steps, the Eev. Sam. Driess 
addressed himself He is single ; about 40 years of age, 
who left England to avoid its present turbulent state. He 
is recommended as a pious man and a man of talents, able 
to preach in both languages, viz : Dutch and English — 
and if necessity did require it, in French too. He is said 
to be a man of peaceable manners and agreeable conversa- 
tion, so that we cannot doubt, or the society shall reap a 
great deal of contentment from this vocation, as we may 
expect that he shall be a powerfull instrument to proclaim 
the holy word of God — to make his glory known, and 
assist that worthy old servant, the Kev. Megapolensis. 

We have allowed him /lOO per month and /250 for his 
boarding ; and as he is single it did strike us that it might 
perhaps be acceptable to all, if he could agree for his 
boarding with Mr. John La Montague. We do not how- 
ever press this point as the proposal originated by us from 
pure affection. 

72 2 he Albany jRecords. 

[Vol. 4, p. 83.] Now is it however, that although we 
did flatter ourselves with the hope that some arrangement 
mio-ht have been made with our Government and the Re- 
pubHck of England, have been disappointed in it, as this 
Republick — all our honorable and just proposals notwith- 
standing, has not hesitated while our Embassadors were 
yet there, to arrest all our vessels, without paying any 
regard from what place these might arrive — to take the 
Crews from others, who, ignorant of the present state of 
affairs had entered their harbours — to arrest these vessels 
to our great loss, not permitting the departure of one single 
vessel ', not even the Slen-of-War arrived from the Brazils, 
so that when the Embassadors of our Kepublick complained 
to the Parliament in vain, of these griefs and received 
empty words in lieu of redress ; these have been recalled 
and are actually returned home. It appears to us from the 
formidable equipments and preparations, principally so by 
our Government, that war soon shall be declared j more so 
as our Admiral Tromp has been sent about the North with 
about a hundred sails, while the British Admiral, Blake, 
was steering the same course. May it please the Almighty 
to bless us with a happy event, and crush the Brittish pride. 

This unexpected Rupture, which we had not courted, 
induced many merchants trading on New Netherland to 
solicit us that we would send an advice boat to your Hon., 
so that you and the Colonists there might be informed of 
this state of affairs. We have considered this plan and 
agreed with them that they should freight and dispatch a 
swift sailing Galiot, provided they should be indemnified 
for this voyage from the freight and the recognitions of 
the merchandise charged in this vessel — so too of those 
which shall be paid on its return, every one in proportion 
to his shares in this enterprise. 

Although we doubt not or you shall have agreed about 
the limits with those of New England in conformity to our 
intentions, or entered with them in a more close Union and 
harmonious compact as once before, so that we may have 
nothing to fear from New England. We considered it 
nevertheless an imperious duty to recommend you to arm 
and discipline all free men, soldiers and saylors — to ap- 
point the officers and rendezvous to supply them with am- 

The Alhayiy Records. 73 

munition, and to inspect the fortifications of New Amster- 
dam, Fort Orange and Casimir. To this end we send you 
for your protection a fresh supply of Ammunition as you 
may Bee from the invoice. We warn you not to place an 
unbounded confidence upon your English Inhabitants, but 
to keep a watching eye upon them, so that you may not be 
deceived by a show of service through their sinister Ma- 
chinations, as we have been here illuded (deluded). If it 
happened which we will not suppose, that those of New 
England did incline to take a part in these broils, and in- 
jure our good inhabitants, then we would advise that your 
Hon. engaged the Indians in your cause, whom we are in- 
formed are not partial to the English, and employd further 
all such means of defence as prudence may require for your 
security, paying attention that the Merchants and Inhabit- 
ants convey their valuable property within the forts, and 
to treat them with kindness so that they may be encouraged 
to remain there and abandon the thoughts of returning 
hither, by which the country would be depopulated. It is 
therefore advisable to surround the villages, at least, the 
principal and most opulent, with breastworks and palisades, 
to prevent a surprise. 

We made here to accommodate Individuals who used to 
give their letters to a saylor or a free merchant, which then 
were often lost to their disadvantage, through the neglect 
of their Trustees, who left them in their trunks or took 
these with them when they unexpectedly started for another 
city, we made a box in front of the New Magazine, where 
we hold our present sessions, in which every one may at 
any hour of the day, can depose his letters to be conveved 
thither with the first sailing vessels, of which we have now 
informed your Hon., that this example may be followed in 
New Netherland so that the letters from a greater security 
may all be inclosed in one bag and directed to us with the 
address of those persons to whom the letters are directed — 
who usually appear at the Magazine and may receive them 
directly without being obliged to institute a search and run 
after the individuals who had been charge with these. 

While it now through our troubles with the English 
Nation might happen that some malcontent here residing 

Annals^ iv. 7 

74 The Albany Records. 

Englishmen or other individuals might send thither some 
letters to irritate your English inhabitants against the 
commonwealth, that you did examine under oath the Cap- 
tain of the Galiot with its crew and require the surrender 
of all letters committed to their trust, and that you opened 
the letters sent by this vessel which might appear sus- 
picious, so that we may not in sending this Galiot have fos- 
tered a serpent in our bosom, and they who are our enemies 
may have obtained the means to injure us from our own 

In this vessel embarks one Hugo Claess who served the 
Company in former days as supercargo and now has been 
appointed as commander or superintendent of the salt works 
of the company at Bonaire, to the choping and cleaning of 
Stock rish hout and its further Cultivation at/20 the month, 
so too Jan Van Der Slust a carpenter at /6 a month — to 
accompany said Hugo Claess to Bonaire, your Hon. wmII as 
it can not at present be executed here provide them with 
materials and all necessary articles as much as may be in 
your power with which 

Honorable &c. 16 Aug. 1652 in Amsterdam. 

[Vol. 4, p. 88.] Your Hon. has misunderstood us with 
regard to the Colony of Mr. Van Werkhoven whose two 
colonies you did suppose to extend twenty miles in a straight 
line, or you did not pay attentions to our exemptions from 
which it is evident that no colonists may obtain more than 
four miles along the side of a navigable river or two miles at 
both sides. Mr. Van Werkhoven had his choice of either 
of these but could not be permitted to take both in possession. 
But as he did not so but decline it and settled at Nassau so 
the half of that tract remains at his service to settle it to his 
best advantage. This example again confirms us in our own 
opinion not to grant New Licences for Colonies as pretensions 
are made to similar extravagant boundaries. 

It appears from your letters that sum turbulent and dis- 
affected malignants meet from time to time in secret con- 
venticles which you may break up and keep under your 
controul conform to our orders and we engage to give a good 
account of them at the Hague if any false reports might be 
sent hither. 

The Albany Records. 75; 

We are greatly surprised that your Hon. has raised the 
value of the money in New Netherland contrary to our ex- 
pressed intention and against our orders — and that you did 
solicit Individual persons here, to supply you with Dutch 
shillings and four penny pieces to the amount of 25 a 
/30,000 which we can by no means approve as we are not 
yet brought so low that our ministers must step forward to 
obtain us credit and make a tender of our conquests for its 
security. If any business is to be transacted here it behoves 
you to address yourself to us and not to other individuals. 
You may depend we shall not leave unnoticed any similar 

[Vol. 4, p. 89.] Our merchants complain very loudly of 
the exaction of an additional tax of 8 pence above the 1-4 
levied on every merchantable Beaver, which appears to us 
surprising strange indeed as we did send our express orders 
that your Hon. should not take more than 8 per cent., and 
your Hon. would make a restitution to them of the 
surplus of whom you had received 15 per cent, and although 
you appeal to the case of the Director Kieft so with regard 
in the granting of lands as in the exaction of 15 st. for every 
beaver, so we are obliged to repeat that this was not our in- 
tention, neither is it now when no discretion enough can be 
employed to prevent that commerce in this critical and dan- 
gerous period is not discouraged so that it might be aban- 
doned with disgust of which the depopulation of your con- 
quests would be an unavoidable consequence as we could 
by no means continue to procure such supplies of new 
settlers we will communicate to you in our next letter our 
intention for your guide. 

[Vol. 4, p. 91.] In reflecting on some of your letters and 
some directed to me by the late Director, Van Kieft^ we 
perceive that in his opinion the fisheries of Sturgeon and 
Codfish to be highly valuable, that the Sturgeon above all 
is in your rivers in such abundance and can be taken in such 
vast quantity that the Caviar i could be as well manufactured 

^ An important branch of Dutch commerce. It is prepared from 
the eggs of the sturgeon. It is a sort of cheese. It is made too in 
Russia on the River Volga. See 'pcdlaswy, &c. 

76 The Albany Records, 

there as in Muscovy. If this is so then certainly it would 
be a point of immense profit as by these means an immense 
trade might be opened with salted fish Caviar and other 
merchandise. We expect that you will send us your opin- 
ion upon this subject, and if there is any prospect of success 
to engage any persons who are acquainted with this business 
and render it then their advantage to pursue it so that com- 
merce may flourish in both Hemispheres. 

[Vol. 4, p. 92.] We inclose a copy of an insinuation 
communicated to us by the Notary Van Der Vinne in be- 
half of John Van Eensselaer a colonist of Rensselaerwyck 
from which you shall see the complaints which have been 
made against you. You ought to act in all similar cases 
with greater circumspection to deliver us from all similar 
difficulties as much as it is possible. We expect in con- 
formity to the answer which we have given a more circum- 
stantial detail of this case in your next letter, with an account 
of debt and credit — the sale of vessels — hides — stock wish 
hout &c. during your administration which you ought to 
continue to do by your ministers every year to enable us to 
make up our balance and acquit ourselves of your responsi- 
bility to others. 

13 Dec. 1652. 

[Vol. 4, p. 93.] Honorable &c. — In the vessel the Graef 
have embarked Johan De Hulter, one of the partners of 
Rensselaerwyck, with different families, taking with them a 
number of free men, among whom are several mechanics, 
as one extraordinary potter, (Steinbacker) and many other 
persons whose names are inserted in the inclosed list, who 
intend to settle either in the Colony or any other convenient 
place, to assist in the cultivation of the land. As it cannot 
yet be determined where he may fix his residence, and 
might, for aught we know, prefer the Island of Manhattans, 
which in our opinion would be desirable, so we deemed it 
proper, while he as a stranger in that country solicited to 
be favoured with our recommendation, to command you ta 
accommodate him without the prejudice of the company^ 
in the best manner possible; and to give him every kind 
assistance in your power. If he resolves to fix his abode 

The Albany Beords, 77 

upon the Island of Manhattan or Long Island, then you 
procure him a convenient situation and for his settlement 
and to establish a pottery, (Steinbackery), as he remains 
satisfied. In which expectation 

Amsterdam 7 May, 1653. Honorable &c. 

[Vol. 4, p. 96.] That it never was our intention that any 
individual, upon our mere consent, which we never decline 
to any one embarking to New Netherland, should be quali- 
fied, without regard to the number of persons in his family — 
to take possession and appropriate to himself one or two 
hundred morgen, (about 214 or 428 acres) without taking 
these in his actual possession by their cultivation — neither 
could we be understood to have intended the appropriation 
of building spots, in the city or its suburbs, being allowed 
to any one without erecting edifices upon them, we con- 
cluded to print these placards with some small alterations, 
and return these to your lion, to have these published and 
affixed. To promote the more punctual execution of the 
first (settlement of New Lands) we deemed it advisable to 
make no alterations in your sketch, except that the payment 
of the Land tax, viz : of 2 shillings per morgen annually, 
shall only take place a year after the land shall have been 
settled and cultivated, as you may discover from the printed 

We have no objections against the provisional measures 
which your Hon. has adopted with respect to Fort Orange, 
as we have examined ail the transmitted documents, we 
would only recommend to your attention, to place the names 
of the principal men and magistrates allways at the head of 
your lists, as a mark of courtesy, and to be on your guard 
not to give any ofi"ence or cause of complaint to the people 
of Rensselaerwyck ; to keep with it a good correspondence, 
and cultivate with it an harmonious intercourse ; the Rights 
of the company always remaining inviolated. 

We were peculiarly pleased that you did not give a fur- 
ther extension to the limits of Rensselaerwyck, as the 
prerogatives and exemptions did allow; what regards the 
farms now remaining beyond the limits granted to that 
Colony, we have no objections that these are granted in the 

78 The Albany Records. 

name of the company to the present holders, upon the same 
terms and conditions on which other individuals have re- 
ceived for the right of soil which they possess, well under- 
stood that all such farms shall not be submitted to the 
patronage (Patronaatschap) of said Colony or its limits con- 
sidered to have been extended by the^e. 

As we have been informed that there rages among the 
sheep a prevailing sickness with which many arc swept 
away, so we do not hesitate in recommending salt as a pre- 
servative against this sickness. It ought to be laid in the 
pastures in large lumps, as is practice in other countries. 

We are assured that a considerable party of furs might 
be obtained from the savages in Canada, in case this na- 
tion could with less danger, and a less circuitous manner 
approach Fort Orange and the Colony of Rensselaerwyck, 
in which they continually are obstructed by the Mohawk 
Indians, with whom, although their nearest neighbors, 
they are in a continual warfare. And this is the only rea- 
son why these Canadian savages, scared by the danger and 
inconveniences of the journey, prefer to dispose of their 
furs to Frenchmen or other merchantile nations who are 
trading in that neighborhood, by which the company and 
their subjects are in so far frustrated from that trade. For 
this we give your Hon. in consideration if it would not be 
advantageous to- the Company, if a trading house was esta- 
blished 18 or 20 miles above Fort Orange, to render it a 
staple for furs, which would in our opinion be an important 
object to the Company. Inform us in what point pf view 
it appears to you, 

[Vol. 4, p. 99.] We did see that you if we would ratify 
it engaged to favor sundry individuals with grants, viz : 
one for erecting a potash work (aschbranderije); one for 
making Tiles and Bricks, and the third for salt works, 
which Grants we not only entirely disapprove, but require 
that you will not give one single grant more hereafter, as 
it is in- our opinion a very pernicious management, princi- 
pally so in a new and budding state, whose population and 
welfare cannot be promoted but as through general benefits 
and privileges, in which every one who might be inclined 

The Albany Records. 79 

to settle in such a country either as merchant or mechanic 
may participate. 

[Yol. 4, p. 100.] We resolved upon mature deliberations 
on the weakness of your counsel in such a critical period, 
to strengthen it with an expert and well instructed man. 
In this mode, application for an employ was made to us by 
Nicacius Silla, a man well versed in the law, and not unac- 
quainted with military affairs. His character is good, and 
the certificates which we have seen leave no doubt of his 
acquirements. We. could not hesitate to engage him in 
our service as first Counsellor of the Director, at a salary of 
one hundred i per month, in which his board is concluded. 
Of all which your Hon. may be informed at large by our 
vessel. King Solomo. 

We did farther agree from particular considerations in 
favor of your counsellor La Montague, that your Hon. 
might increase his salary to/50 - per month, and /2003 
yearly for his board, so early and from that period your 
Hon. may deem proper, so that his debt to the company 
may in this manner be liquidated and cancelled, which we 
are confident that will be a spur to Him to devote himself 
to the service of the Company. 

[Vol. 4, p. 103.] You will be informed by the inclosed 
copies and request of Adrien Yan Der Donck of the nature 
of his solicitations. What regard his memoir we can well 
penetrate, upon what ground he builds his claim although 
we are not sufficiently instructed, as it cannot be questioned 
or it would be costly and very inconvenient to Individuals 
who have engaged boys and girls in their service if these 
could at their arrival or before the time of their engagement 
was expired might leave the service of their masters without 
having previously satisfied them or brought forward sufficient 
and imperious reasons which might justify their emancipa- 
tion. Your Hon. we expect shall act with prudence in this 
delicate case in a manner, that neither the population is ob- 
structed neither the masters or their servants have just causes 
to complain. 

1 £16 13s. 4^. . '^ £8 Qs. 8d. ' £33 6^. dd. 

80 The Albany Records. 

What regards the six guns, sent by said Van Der Donck 
in 1651 — it is our opinion that if those have not been 
smuggled but exported by knowledge of the company then 
these six guns may be restored to him. 

It is our will with respect to his second petition relating 
a small tract of land or common swamp (valley contracted 
yiy) of about 30 or 40 morgen (64 or 85 acres) near the 
Saeg kil that your Hon. shall not permit its occupation or 
settling by any one before you shall have examined thoroughly 
its situation and if you only discover that said A^anderdonck 
did purchase this valley (vly) from the natives with pre- 
vious consent of the Director and Council and the rights 
of the company are not brought in jeopardy then we have 
no objections that this tract of land or valley (vly) is granted 
to him upon such terms and restrictions as are given to 
and required from other Inhabitants in conformity to our 

[Vol. 4, p. 104.] As the Vessel iha Flower of Guelder, 
of which Wouter Van Twiller is the owner or at least the 
man supposed to have loaded it, had in a clandestine manner 
received some casks with powder, so has it been followed 
and finally arrested by the Custom house officers at the 
instant of its intended departure from the Texel, of which 
a gentle bleeding has been the consequence to the proprie- 
tors, but Wouter Van Twiller pretended ignorance, so that 
the skipper and his mate paid the reckoning. We doubt 
not or more articles of contraband are concealed in this 
vessel, and this we did consider it proper that you should 
receive a previous information with a view that you will 
command the Attorney General seriously \^ be on his 
guard at the arrival of this vessel, and have it examined 
with all rigour so that similar smugglers may be punished 
in conformity with the tenor of the placards that others may 
be warned to commit similar trespasses. 

6 Jan. 1653. 

[Vol. 4, p. 122.] We hope that the crops which were 
promising shall have been successfully harvested, and although 
we can not yet believe that those of New England can con- 
template to come and besiege you as you seemed to appre- 

The Albany Records, 81 

hend, it is nevertheless necessary to guard that neither 
grains nor other provisions in this critical period are wasted, 
as we are informed that takes place in Kensselaerwyck, who 
employ their grain in brewing strong beer &c. wherefore we 
give you credit that you give them a timely warning about 
this abuse of the produce. 

[Vol. 4, p. 129.] We have seen with displeasure the pre- 
tensions of the Colony Van Kensselaerwyck, as if they were 
not holden to share in the payment of contributions in times 
of danger, not even in time of open war, we deem it irrele- 
vant, unreasonable and unjust while in similar cases no one, 
what privileges and exemptions he may have obtained can 
be excused as is evident from the daily examples in this our 
state what regards the ordinary expenses required for the 
wages of civil, ecclesiastic and military persons, for the con- 
struction and reparation of fortifications all which are in- 
tended for the maintenance and protection of society. It is 
evident, that when the Regalia (sovereign rights) and Rev- 
enues are insufficient for these purposes, then it is no more 
than just and equitable that the inhabitants bear their share 
in the burthen, as is the established practice in every well 
regulated government and cities. 

With regard of the exaction of the tithes from the Colony 
of Rensselaerwyck we are now employed in examining this 
subject, so that your Hon, may expect our decision by the 
first opportunity ; but as Van Twiller and others here pre- 
tend that many tracts in that district should be privileged 
with immunities from the tithes so we have deemed it neces- 
sary to recommend your Hon. the inquiry at the Secretary's 
office, confiding that Thienhoven shall be able to procure you 
the best information about it, and we desire that your Hon. 
will send us as soon as possible pertinentand distinct lists of 
all the tracts of land which from the beginning till this day 
may have been granted and more especially upon what con- 
ditions that we may not err in our conduct, 

[Vol. 4, p. 133.] We will believe that your Hon. acted 
with prudence in not publishing and affixing those pro- 
clamations which were printed here and related to lands 
and lots, and we are resolved to leave it for the present in 

82 The Albany Records. 

its actual state. But which we recommended about the 
determination of the limits between the Colony of Rens- 
selaerwyck and Fort Orange ought in our opinion not to 
have been delayed, as our intention had for its basis equity 
yea even liberty. 

Amsterdam 18 May 1654. 

AVhat relates to your question in what manner it is proper 
for you to act with regard to these lands situated beyond 
the precinks of said colony if it is advisable to offer these 
to the Patrons or Co Directors it seems to us that it answers 
itself, as if said persons on the General Statute by which 
every one may obtain lands to settle and cultivate these, no 
reason can be given why they should be excluded from this 
privilege but if they from the other side intended to occupy 
these lands as Patrons and incorporate these under that title 
with their colony, then these lands can not be granted them. 

We understand meanwhile with a sensible pleasure that 
the Inhabitants of Fort Orange with those of Rensselaer- 
wyck converse together in friendship and cultivate between 
them harmony and correspondence. 

We acknowledge that the situation of the country above 
the fort Orange was quite otherwise described to us as your 
Hon. has delineated it wherefore we give up our opinion 
and adopt the plan which your Hon. proposed to erect a Fort, 
even if it were only a redoubt or block-house, your reasons 
are solid, convincing so that we need not to recommend its 
execution, only mentioning that in all other places where 
it may be required to intimate possession, signals ought to 
be erected bearing the arms of their High Might., and those 
of the company. 

[Vol 4, p. 165.] We renew our recommendation that 
the limits between the colony of Rensselaerwyck and Fort 
Orange as soon as may be are finally determined, and 
although we prefer yet to hold our final resolve with regard 
to the tithes of said Colony rather in suspense till some in- 
dividuals have actually paid these, as the company is in the 
possession of receiving these tithes, yet we will say so much 
that your Hon. when he exacts any new taxes, may in such 

The Albany Records, 83 

a case levy on said Colony en masse such a sum for one year, 
as may be considered a just proportion to what is paid by 
other individuals for houses, lands and cattle, which sum is 
to be collected at the stated term, and in case of noncom- 
pliance, obtained by way of execution. 

[Vol. 4, p. 211-12-13.] We have seen with great dis- 
pleasure, that your Hon. contrary to our resolution of 15 
Feb., 1655, on the petition of the Portuguese Jews, has 
interdicted them the trade on Fort Orange and the South 
River, so too the purchase of real estate which is permitted 
them in this country without any difficulty. We could have 
wished that this had not happened, but that our orders 
which henceforward you shall have to obey had been exe- 
cuted with more respect. The Portuguese Jews never- 
theless, can not exercise any trade, or establish retail stores 
no more there than they are permitted in this city, but they 
ought not in any manner to be disturbed in their commerce, 
and may peaceably exercise their religion in their own 
houses, for which end they must be allowed to build their 
houses together on a convenient spot at the one or the other 
side of New Amsterdam at their own choice, as they have 
done in this city. 

We are not surprised nay rather coincide with your Hon. 
in the opinion that it shall be difficult, if at all practicable from 
what has happened with the Indians, by which many In- 
habitants in the country have been reduced to poverty to 
exact the general land tax, with that on neat cattle at this 
moment, more so while neither the Inhabitants of the Colony 
of Rensselaerwyck, or those in the village of Beverwyck, who 
have suffered nothing by the late hostilities, can not be in- 
duced either by our admonitions or your persuasions to sub- 
mission, wherefore we have resolved to command you to act 
again with lenity and moderation, nevertheless to exact this 
payment from said Colony and village without coming to ex- 
tremities till you receive our farther orders. 

[Vol. 4, p. 216.] We inclose here the invoice of the last 
arrived ship. New Amsterdam, from whose margin you can 
discover the fraudulent transactions of the Collector Adriaen 

84 The Albany Records. 

Van Thienhoven, and the immense quantity of merchandise 
whose weight or measure has been falsified, through which 
it happened that we are prosecuted. 

[Vol. 4, p. 217.] He who only will reflect upon his last 
transaction with the savages, shall acknowledge that he being 
deeply intoxicated, was the prominent cause of that doleful 
massacre. It is evident that he (Van Thienhoven) might 
have prevented it if he with prudence and discretion had 
warned the country people or called in season for assistance 
which your Hon. ought to know better than we can inform 
him about it. We are therefore greatly surprised that you 
can plead his cause in such a manner which has indeed 
greatly displeased us, which displeasure must increase, if 
against our instruction and order you should have employed 
said Van Thienhoven at the one or other opportunity. 

[Vol. 4, p. 219.] What regards the alterations in plac- 
ing a beaver on /6 [$2.40] in lieu of /8 [$3.20] and sea- 
want, in lieu of 6 at 8 a stuyver; this appears to us a topic 
which deserves our serious consideration, and we delayed 
thus our final decision till the next spring. 

What regards the collection of tithes and other taxes in the 
Colony of Rensselaerwyck, we will consider this point a lit- 
tle longer, and communicate to you our intention in the spring, 
while you must endeavor to execute it in conformity to the 
proposal made 27 Jan., 1656. 

[Vol. 4, p. 222.] We intended to have sent by this oppor- 
tunity upon the petitions of the Inhabitants of Fort Orange, 
and the villages Beverwyck a Bell for their new constructed 
church — at the same time two others for the villages Midt- 
wout and Heemstede. But as these are not made for sale 
beforehand, and the shortness of time would not permit that 
it now might be efi"ected so till these may be expected together 
in the next spring. 

[Vol. 4, p. 233.] In this vessel is sent a small bell, which had 
been solicited by the Inhabitants of Fort Orange and the vil- 
lage of Beverwyck, to adorn their new constructed little church 

The Albany Records. 86 

[Klokje Kerkje.] Whereas the 25 Beavers which were 
brought hither by Dirck Jans Croon were greatly damaged, 
while he intended to defray from their sale the payment of a 
pulpit, and by which misfortune this sum was not sufficient 
so we listeneed to his persuasion and advanced him /75, 
[$30] with a view to inspire that society with a more ardent 
zeal. What regards the two other small bells for the villages 
Mitwout and Heemstede, these too shall ere long be ready 
and be sent in the first vessels. 

[Vol. 4, p, 239.] May 26, 1657. We have engaged here for 
your assistance as Counsellor, John De Decker, before Collec- 
tor at Fort Orange. As we have observed from time to time 
that the finances of the Company go backward, so we have 
peculiarly committed their care to said Decker, for which he 
shall receive, beside the /50 as counsellor, /25 per month, 
and/ 200 annually for his boarding. 

[Vol. 4, p. 247.] The satisfaction which the Inhabitants 
of Fort Orange andthe village of Beverwyck have shewn at 
the administration and direction of the Counsellor La Mon- 
tague induce us to continue him for the present as collector 
and vice Director. 

[Vol. 4, p. 256.] We hear with regret that the colony of 
Rensselacrwyck does persevere in their uncouth notions and 
can not by any means whatever be persuaded to pay the 
tithes or any other taxes — which is so unreasonable and 
can not be indulged in for the dreadful unavoidable conse- 
quences. It is our wish that you will make one efi'ort more 
and by an obstinate refusal to compel them in compliance 
by execution. 

[Vol 4, p. 287.] We have been pleased with the composi- 
tion about the tithes in which you entered among others 
with the Colony of Bensselaerwyck so that we shall not 
make the least alteration in it even if the Delegates of said 
colony addressed themselves to us, to whose entreaties we 
would not in such a case pay any regard but maintain the 
agreement which you concluded with the colonists, and 

Annals iv. 8 

86 1 he Albany Records. 

whereas the company's interest is deeply engaged in this 
affair, so is your Hon. seriously recommended to pursue the 
same method from time to time. 

[Vol. 4, p, 301.] (25th April, 1659.) Since we dis- 
patched our last letter of 13 Feb. by the vessels the Truth 
and the Otter we received from the Patroon and Directors 
of the colony of Rensselaerwyck a remonstrance which is 
filled with various complaints of a similar nature as former 
ones with the only addition of their griefs about the exaction 
of the tithes and the imposed duties on the wines and beer 
which are consumed in the Colony of Rensselaerwyck. We 
reconsidered upon these two last points what has passed in 
June, 1656, between you and John Baptista Rensselaer and 
approve your answer on that remonstrance. We could have 
wished, that you had not enlarged so much on the burthen 
of the Patroon and Directors in the maintenance of their 
servants. So too, Sir! that you had left out the words " or 
by impartial, &c.,'' while by these you seem to favour in some 
measure the uncouth pretext of these men, as if they could 
free themselves of paying the tythes when the prouided in 
the salary of their clergymen especially so if the decision 
was left to impartial judges in which they have often tried 
to succeed. But we cannot discover one solid reason why 
we should comply with this demand neither deem it at pre- 
sent prudent and serviceable to the company's interests, 
which otherwise could not dread such an investigation 
while she herself has many grounds of complaint against the 
Patroon and Directors, on which we in time intend to de- 
mand satisfaction, which points together with the provisional 
answer given by us on their remonstrance we have transmit- 
ted to your Hon. with the request that you may communi- 
cate your opinion upon to us, and reflect if you have yet any 
thing else to the charge of the Patroon and Directors. We 
can not discover from the privileges and exemptions to which 
they constantly appeal, that we should not have preserved 
the right and authority to appoint a sheriff in that colony, 
wherefore we command you to appoint and qualify a proper 
person to that office. 

We would nevertheless give your Honour in serious con- 
sideration, with a view to give the least possible offence if 

The Albany Records. 87 

it would not be proper to reappoint the present sheriff Swart, 
who shall not hesitate in his compliance as he before took 
his oath to the company, provided said sheriff in such a case 
should receive his instruction and commission from your 
hands in the name of the company as the supreme Patrons 
and Souverains under their Hioh Mio;ht. the States General. 
If you approve this then you may proceed, or even in any 
other proper manner as you should consider yet more ad- 
visable, and take hold of the first favorable opportunity to 
execute this measure, while you are further recommended 
to continue with the exaction and collection of the tithes and 
other duties in said colony, as usual till you receive contrary 

[Yol. 4, p. 317.] All unnecessary expenses are to be 
avoided, costly undertakings ought to be delayed till the 
purse is swollen. In this manner might in our opinion have 
been delayed the building of the house in Fort Orange by 
the collector La Montague which shall no doubt cost a great 
sum to the company. 

[Vol. 4, p. 318.] \Ye have no objection to the appoint- 
ment and 'salary of the sheriff of Rensselaerwyck and au- 
thorize you to grant him the same salary which he obtained 
before from said colony, which in our opinion cannot be 
but moderate because similar officers chiefly depended on 
their fines and penalties. 

[Vol. 4, p. 331.] We observe in regard to the views of 
the English, who it seems are contemplating to make a set- 
tlement not upon the north river about the Wapping Creek, 
but at no great distance above Fort Orange, by which they 
might be eventually enabled to intercept our Beaver trade. 
Your Hon's. reasons are so irresistible and the example how 
we have been dealt with by that nation on the Fresh Water 
Eiver so impressive and instructive that they must not be 
permitted to make any encroachment whatever upon us. 
If this however happened without our knowledge in a 
clandestine manner, then your Hon. ought to dislodge them 
directly, by friendly persuasion if they will listen to it or by 
force if they should make resistance. 

88 The City Becords. 


1699 TO 1705.1 

Att a Mayor's Court, held in Albany tlie 22d of Aug., 
1699: — Present, Hend. Hanse, mayor; Jan Janse 
Bleeker, recorder; Johannis Cuyler, Jan Vinhagen, 
Albert Ryckman, alderman. 

Elizabeth ye widow of Wouter Utthoft produces the ac- 
acount of charges for ye funerall &c, of Jan Verbeek, 
amounting to/286, whereto ye Recorder Jan Janse Bleeker 
and Albert Ryckman, aldermen, are appointed to revise ye 
same and to make returne ye next court day. 

Att a meeting of ye Justices in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 
22d of August, 1699: — Present, Hend. Hanse, Jan 
Janse Bleeker, Dirk Wessels, Job. Cuyler, Jan Vin- 
hagen, Albert Ryckman, Gerrit Teunise, Dirk Teunise, 

Whereas on ye 18th instant ye second warrant was issued 
to ye Constable of Catskill or Coxhacky, to summon ye 
following persons, viz : Dirk Teunise, Jan Albertse & 
Jacob Casperse,2 to appear here this day, Gerrit & Dirk 
Teunise and Jan Bronk only appearing hitherto, and still 
doe fynde Jan Albertse and Jacob Casperse to be absent, 
not knowing whether ye Constable has served ye sd warrant, 
therefore can not so timely give Return to ye Left. Gover- 
nour Counciirs order as was required. 

Att a Common Councill held in Albany this 10th day 
of October, 1699 : — Present, Hend. Hanse, mayor; J. 
J. Bleeker, recorder ; Hend. Van Rensselaer, Jan Vin- 
hagen, Joh. Cuyler, Albert Rykman, Joh. Bleeker, Ev. 
Wendell, Joh. Mingael, alderman. 

Capt. Kilian van Rensselaer gelift te betalen aen V. E. 
^See Annals, vol. 3, pp. 7 to 56, 1st ed. ^Hallenbeek. 

The City Records. 89 

Breeder Hend. van Rensselaer 't gene gij nogli scliudligh 
zyt in stads boek, volg : accordatie voor desen. 

Restant, /102 

Idem bv accordatie 28 Dec. 1698, 440 

Samen £13:11 tot slot van Y. E. Rek. 

Pr. Vosburgh & Jan Tysen. 

Betaelt aen Mr. Hend, Rensselaer of toonder deser de 

restant van tax by Mr. Jan Becker, salg / 140:18 

Idem by Antho. Brad ran een accordatie, 448: 5 

Id vander Laeste, accord. 28 Dec, '98, 45: 

Samen £15:17:1 tot slot van V. E. Rek. tot den 14 Oct., 
1698, aldus in Albany desen 10 October '99. N. B. Inge- 
vallen de debiteurs eenige pretentie mogten maken tegen 
eenige der voorsz posten sulx sal als dan d' Commonality 
moeten bevorderen. 

Was getekent, Hend Hanse, Mayor. 

Jan Vinhage, alderm. 
JoH. Bleeker, asst. 

Nov. 14, 1691). — It is resolved by ye Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonality, that ye highways and bridges within ye 
iimitts of ye citty shall be repared, and thereto is appointed 
Luykas Gerritse, Joh. Thomase & Gr^ van Ness, who are to 
inspect therein and order ye same to be Repared, and cause 
account of ye charges to be given in to Mr. Mayor, which 
they are in no ways to omitt. 

It is further ordered that the sheriff shall give warning 
to ye Carmen not to Ride for ye Inhabitants without they 
have obtained ye Mayor's licence. 

Nov. 21. — It is resolved by the Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men & Assistants, that a tax of three hundred load fyre 
wood be laid and assessed upon ye Inhabitants of this Citty, 
for the suppley of ye Blockhouses, and that warrants be 
issued to ye assessors to make their assessments and to deliver 
the same to Mr. Mayor in the space of twice twenty-four 
hours ensueing ye date. 

It is further Resolved that ye Blockhouses on ye Plain 
be repaired upon ye Citty charges. 

M The City Records. 

Att a Mayors Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, this 
27th of November, 1699. 

Johannis Cuyler, attorney for Cornelis Swart, doth appear, 
still desiring the surame of fifty shillings of y^ Estate of 
Jan Verbeek deceased may be allowed to defray part of an 
obligation signed by said Verbeek to ye aforesaid Cornelis 
Swart, dated ye 13th Sept , 1695. The Court are of opinion 
that it be Referred till one year and six weeks be expired 
ensueing ye decease of said Jan Verbeek, which was on ye 
4th March last, and all such persons as doe pretend to said 
Estate shall give in thare accounts before the expiration of 
ye aforesaid time. 

Att a Common Council held in Albany ye 29th Nov., 1 699 : — 
Present, Pr. van Brugh, mayor; Jan Janse Bleeker, 
recorder; Joh. Schuyler, Da. Schuyler, Joh. Roseboom, 
Albert Ryckman, Wessel ten lirook, aldermen ; Jacobus 
Turke, Hend. Oothout, Joh. Bleeker, Luy. Gerritse, 
Geri van Ness, Joh. Mingael, ass'ts. 

The Gentlemen of the Common Council were convened 
by the Mayor, to consult about ye freeing ye Citty of ye 
charge of maintaining two Blockhouses with fireing this 
winter; since ye Inhabitants who have been so much im- 
poverished by ye late war think it a hardship to find ye 
Souldiers firewood in peaceable times, and therefore think 
yt ye fourteen men y< lye in ye south Blockhouse may be 
lodged in his Majesties fort. Whereupon Coll. Schuyler 
and Mr. Livingston, members of his Majesties Council, 
were sent for, for their advice, as also Capt. James Weems 
ye commandant. 

And after the matter was debated it was concluded yt if 
ye fort could receive ye s<i 14 men it would be a great ease 
to ye Citty, and for ye main guard ye Common Councill 
would take care to establish a Eatle Watch for this winter. 

The Mayor and Aldermen and Commonality being morally 
assured y^ ye s^ 14 men can be lodged in ye fort without 
disturbance to those already garrisoned there are of opinion 
yt ye men lyeing in ye South Blockhouse be removed to ye 
Fort, with beds and bedsteads, and ye guard drawn of ye 
main guard, where they will put a Ratle Watch, and Capt. 

The City Records. &1 

Weems told the Gentlemen he would draw off y^ guard, and 
double ye guard in ye Fort, and would use all his endeavors 
to ease y^ Citty, and would goe up and see ] but withal told 
-the Gentlemen yi he believed Mr. Ilend. Hanse, late mayor, 
who has ye furnishing of y^ forts wood will think it a hard- 
ship. Whereupon y^ Common Councill say y^ if he declines 
ye furnishing ye fort with firewood, they will undertake it 
for ye same price he has. 

Conditien waerop de Mayer, Aldermens & Commonality 
van voornemens zyn de Katelwagh te besteeden aen John 
Rateliffe en Robert Barret, voor den tydt van een jaer in- 
gangh nemende op huyden de 29th November, 1699, en 
eyndigen de 29 November, 1700. De voorsz. twee personen 
.nemen aen om beyde te half negene alle avonden op de 
•main guard tesyn& daer de geheele naght te blyven alwaer, 
-sy vuyr maken sullen de hout op stadts kosten gelevert te 
worden, en alle uren in den naght sullen zy de ronde doen 
met een lantheeren als het donker weer is, dat is een van de 
twee personen beginnende te 10 uyre savonts en so alle ure 
•tot dat de dagh naekt, eff light begint te worden sullende 
alle oogen blyken off yder corte spatie reopen de uyr van de 
nacht als mede wat voor weder en wint dattel is en de ronde 
die sy doen moeten alle uyres is als volght : Sy sullen be- 
ginnen aen de main guard en so de Brower straet langhs tot 
aen de brugh by Coll. Schuylers, weder daer van daen de 
Jonnker straet langhs tot aen de hoek van Johannis de Wan- 
delaers en dan de Bergh langhs tot aen Alderman Joh. 
Boseboom, en dan in de Parrel straet, en die straet laughs 
tot aen de hoek by Gysbert Marselessen, en so de straet daer 
Bries woont aff nae de maingard. 

Wanneer hy eenigh brant sien (dat Godt verhoede), off 
enigh dievery plegen off andere onheyle op de straet, snaghts 
sy sullen allarm ratelen en roepen, cloppendede naeste buyre 
op hacr bekent makende van d onheyle. 

Voor welke dienst d voorsz. twee personen hebben be- 
dongen's jaerlijks voor haer beyde, de summa van twee en 
twentigh Pont sixteen schellings, currant gelt, om betaelen 
te syn alle vieren deel 's jaers door stadts treasurer, en 80 
vueren hout om aen de maingard's jaerlyks gelevert werden 
dogh indien het moghte gebueren dat gedurende haer Jaer 
een Militare waght mochte gestelt syn, so sullen zy betaelt 
worde nae de proportie van die tydt dat se gedient hebbe, 

92 The City Becords. 

sullende haer dienst met het waken ophouden en neder 
ingaen als de militare waght op hout.i 

Dec. 6, 1699. — It is resolved that a Tax of 80 load fyre- 
wood be laid and assessed upon y^ Inhabitants of this Citty 
for the supply of y^ Katie watch, and that a warrant be 
issued to y^ assessors to make an assessment thereof, and 
make return under hand and seale to Mr'. Mayor in ye space 
of twice twenty-four hours ensuing this date. As also to 
make an assessment upon the Inhabitants aforesaid for y« 
summe of thirty pounds, and make return of y^ same, in y^ 
space as afore expressed unto Mr. Mayor. 

Dec. 12, 1699. — Whereas several complaints arc made 
that y*^ Indian house standing on y^ hill on ye south side of 
ye Mohogg Path, are dayly broak off and ye planks stolen, 
wherefore ye sheriff, Thomas Williams, is appointed to care to 
hinder such irregular doings, and to repair the said house 
and ye oyrs, and be kept account thereof till further order, 
wherefore he is allowed ye summe of thirty shillings to be 
paid by all such persons within this Citty as doe make pro- 
fession in Indian trade, and further all such person or per- 
sons as are founde breaking or taking away of any y*^ planks 
from said house or houses, shall be fined in ye summe of 
six shillings. 

Whereas complaints are made that ye Citty Stockadoes near 
ye fort are dayly cutt by the soldiers lyeing therein, it is 
resolved that ald'n David Schuyler and Jacobus Turke as- 
sistant doe make inquire of ye matter, who return ye follow- 
ing Report, that they acquainted the commander of said fort 
thereof, and desyre the meaning whether it was done willingly 
or out of necessity, who replyed that Hend. Ilanse, who as he 
believed was obliged to furnish good fyrewood, had delivered 

Note. — The purport of the above is, that John Rateliffe and 
Robert Barrett were appoiuted a night watch for one year ; who 
were to patrol the streets every night from ten o'clock to day-light, 
with a lantern and a rattle ; beginning at the guard house they 
were to proceed along Brewer street to the bridge, at Col. Schuy- 
ler's, from thence through Yonker street to Johannes de Wande- 
laer's corner, and then along the hill to Alderman Johannes 
Roseboom's, and thence through Pearl street to Gysbert Marselis's 
corner, and then through the street where Bries lived back to the 
guard house. When they saw fire, or thieves, or any other mischief, 
they were to raise an alarm. For wliich service they were to re- 
ceive £23 16^. or about $38 each, for the year. 

The City Records, 93 

none else than young green pine for one montlis time, whereby 
he said y^ gentleman might judge if it was not for want; not- 
withstanding since lasu Saturday when he first^ heard of y^ 
cutting of s'J stockadoes, he strictly discharged it. 

Bequest of Mrs. Cathaleen Schuyler to plead, whereby she 
desyred ye quantity of 14 foot grounde on ye north of her 
Lett in ye third warde near to ye Blockhouse may be sold 
to her, being willing to pay ye summe of 15s for each foot, 
which ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality took in consi- 
deration and putt it to ye vote, who are most of opinion that 
it will be prejudicial! to ye Citty, since it will reach too 
near ye Citty stockadoes, therefore doe not consent. 

It is further Resolved, according to former Custome, yt 
ye following persons, Maj. Dirk Wessels, Recorder Jan Janse 
Bleeker, and Jacobus Turke assistant, shall inspect peruse 
and make up the account of ye Citty and Countyes charges 
for ye late year by the treasurer, and make return thereof 
next Tuesday, will be y° 19 of ye inst. 

Mr. Jan Vinhagen andMr. Joh. Cuyler being committed 
by ye rest of ye Elders and Deakens of ye Dutch Reformed 
Church of ye Citty of Albany, doe request ye Mayor, Alder- 
men and Assistants of ye s^^ Citty, that instead of ye 25 Rodd 
of Land &c. from ye south side of ye Beavers Creek, which 
was sold by ye Commonality of s^ Citty on ye29Novr,1698, 
now may be transported all ye Cittyes Land on ye south of 
said Creek to ye bounds of ye Manor of ye Colony Rensse- 
laerwyck, to begin from ye bounds of ye heirs of Capt. Mar- 
ten Gerritse deceased, and ends at ye westermost part of ye 
dam or pond, and from thence about south soweast to y® 
bounds of s^ manner, and so downe-east warde, includeing 
all ye right of said Citty on ye south side of said kill, as 
aforesaid, and that theretofore was sold and now shall be 
agreed for together, be included in a second transport for ye 
behooffe of said Church ; where upon it was further agreed 
by ye Common Councill with ye said Vinhagen and Cuyler, 
yt ye conveyance as afore mentioned shall be made forthwith. 
And yi ye Elders and Deakens for ye time being shall pay 
more unto ye Commonality for ye time being ye summe of 
seven pounds teun shillings currant money of this Province, 
to witt four pounde by ye eight pound which shall be due ye 
31st of December next, and three pounds ten shillings by ye 
four pound due y*^ last of December, 1700. 

94 The City Records. 

N. B. Received from y^ Elders and Deakens aforesaid, on 
ye 30th December 1G99, the summe of twelve pounds to witt 
ye eight and four pounds as aforementioned. N^. B. Y^ £3 : 
10 & £4 :4 resigned by ye Mayor, Alder'n & Commonality 
to John Cuyler, to be received when due, to witt, on ye last 
of December; 1700, being in full between ye s^i Commonality 
and ye Elders and Deakeus aforesaid. 

Att a meeting of ye Justices of ye Citty and County of Al- 
bany, ye 28th of December, 1699 : — Present, Pieter van 
Brugh, Jan Janse Bleeker, Joh. Schuyler, David Schuy- 
ler, Joh. lioseboom, Albert Kyckman, Dirk Wessels, 
Gerrit Teunise, Byer Schermerhorn, Jan Casperse, Jan 
Tyse, Pieter Vosburgh, Casper Leendertse, Justices. 

Whereas ye assessors of Kinderhook lately hath assessed 
the Island of Barent Pieterse Coeymans, called Shallers Is- 
land, which doth not belong to their precink, although so 
collected and received to ye late tax ye summe often guilders 
without orders. It is therefore resolved that ye same be re- 
stored, whereto ye Justices of Kinderhook, Jan Tyse and 
Pieter Yosburgh doe promise to return ye s*^ summe of 
money into ye hands of Barent Pieterse Coeymans, so that 
ye s<^ Barent Coeymans, may pay his Tax in Catskills warde, 
according to order. 

After ye Justices have vizited ye City and Countys ac- 
count of arrearages from the 14th of October 1698 to the 
14th of October 1699, have concluded, agreed and doe pro- 
mise to contribute thereunto as follows, viz'. 

Citty of Albany, 
Cattskill and Coxhacky, - 
Kinderhook, . . . 

- £ 
- 18 

De Colony, . - . . 

- 6 

Schennechtady, - 
And to James Parker, viz. 


From Catskill &c., 




Colony, . - - . 

- *12s 

Schuyler, , . . . 

— £2: 


21ie City Eecords. 95 

And it is further resolved tliat ye above siimmes of money 
shall be paid unto the Citty Treasurer at or before y*^ first 
of March next ensueing. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty of Albany ye 6th 
of January, 1-^-. 

Whereas complaints are made y^ ye high wayes and 
bridges of ye Citty are out of repair, it is therefore tho't 
convenient yt ye following person be appointed to see the 
same orderly made upon ye Citty's costs, to witt Luykas 
Gerritse, and yi in space of four days ensuing this date. 

Att a Court of Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality held in 
Albany this 9th day of January, l-fj§. 

Whereas on 28th of December last, the Justices of the 
County have contributed to the Citty and County's ar- 
rearages from ye 14th of October, 1698, to ye 14th of Oc- 
tober, 1699, as follows : 

Ye Colouy, - - - - ' - £ 6 

Catskill & Coxhacky, - ... 18 

Kinderhoek, - - - - . - 18 
Shennechtady, . - . . - 

Which is distributed as follows : To Maj. Dirk Wessels 
the £6 due from the Colouy, aforesaid; to Mr. Livingston 
ye £18 from Coxhacky and Catskill ; to Recorder Blocker 
and Hend. Hanse assemblyman ye £18 from Kinderhoek. 

Att a meeting of the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Justices of ye Citty and County of Albany, ye 23d of 
January, 1|||. 

Whereas severall persons of ye Citty and County are 
gone to cutt pine trees within ye County of Albany, and 
since a proclamation from ye Governour and Council bear- 
ing date ye 22d of September last is published here at 
Albany, which doth prohibite and restraine all persones 
upon any score or pretence whatsoever, from cutting downe, 
girdling, takeing off ye bark, or otherwise hurting or de- 

96 Ihe Ciii) Becords. 

stroying any pine trees standing on any unappropriated land 
within ye county aforesaid, that shall be of greater magni- 
tude than six foot round, wee therefore command you where 
you find any persone or persones so cutting, girdling, taking 
off ye bark, hurting or destroying any pine trees standing on 
any unappropriated Land within this county upwards of y« 
bigness as aforementioned, to forbid, y« same, and to seize 
upon all suchtrees, loggs as you shall fynde so cutt downe. 
To the Sherifife of y^ Citty & 

County of Albany, or his deputyes. 

Att a meeting of y^ Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, y^ 23d of January, l-f-Jf. 

The request of Cornells liogardus by ye mouth of Mr. 
\Yilm de Meyer to be admitted a schoolmaster for ye Citty 
is taken in consideration and unanimously doe graunt ye 
same, as also a freeman of this Citty upon his arrivall. 

Jan. 20. — Whereas a Letter directed to Col. Peter 
Schuyler from Canada from ye Jesuit Bruas, who when 
ambassador here 'last summer to my Lord Bellomont bought 
any horses here in this country, which at their departure 
from hence to home were left here, and now desyreing Coll. 
Schuyler to direct said horses by ye bearers &c. Christian 
Indians, which Letter Coll. Schuyler produces to ye meeting, 
desyreing their advice therein, since a prohibition is made 
against transportation of horses to Canada ; whereupon it 
is put to ye vote, and most of opinion that it is not in their 
power to allow ye same ; but that they must make application 
to ye Governor and Councill. 

It is resolved by ye Commonality, that ye following per- 
sons be admitted Citty Carters, viz'. Robert Barret, Joseph 
Yeates, Edward Corbett, and Thomas Millington, Provided 
they obtain a license from Mr. Mayor, and thought that there 
requires six Carts for ye use of ye Citty so that there is two 
places open for such persons as ye Mayor shall think meett 
and fitt for ye service, and that no other cart shall Ride for ye 
publick but those who have Lycense, upon forfeit of six 
shillings after ye first warning. 

Feb. 11. — Upon ye Report of ye Gentlemen who were 
appointed to calculate what quantity of Stockadoes are 

The City Records, 97 

wanting to repair y^^ Citty "Walls. It is Concluded that a 
warrant be issued to ye assessors of this Citty, to make an 
assessment upon ye Inhabitants of this Citty, for two hun- 
dred and fifty Stockadoes, and make their return to Mr. 
Mayor, in ye space of three times four and twenty hours 
ensueing this date. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
5th of March, l^-. 

Upon ye Request of Mr. Joh. Cuyler and Evert Banker, 
Deakens of ye Reformed Church of Albany, who produce 
an account to ye charge of Ger' & Ryseck Swart deceased, 
with the severals which they have given in pand to y-- 
Deakens of s^ Church, desyreing that they may be appraised 
with ye other Moveables founde after their decease, and 
allowed to discharge said account, which amount tc 
/2229:10 wampum; which ye Court have taken into con- 
sideration, and doe appoint Mr. Killiaen Van Rensselaer 
and Jacobus Turke to make an appraisement of s'^' Estate 
■ and return report thereof ye next Court Day. 

March 19. — The petition of Jan Casperse, ad'r over ye 
estate of Wm. Hoffmeyer, being read, who sheweth yt an 
order was signed by ye Mayor and Aldermen of ye Citty 
of Albany aforesaid, dated ye 18th of Feb. 16|^ to move 
and break downe four several houses then close by s^ Citty 
whereof ye house of s^ Hoffmayer was one, and to that end 
six persons were appointed, Pr. Winnie deceased, Pr. 
Bogardus, Wm. Clase Groesbeek, Harma Gansevoort, and 
Jan Cornelise Viselaer and D. Bensing, first to agree with 
ye owners, otherwise to appraise ye same. Desyreing if ye 
persons appointed as aforesaid hath not already performed 
their duty, that they may be ordered forthwith to agree with 
ye petitioners to calculate ye same. The court having taken 
ye matter into consideration, and examined William Claese 
Groesbeek, Harme Gansefort and Jan Cornelise Viselaer, 
as afore appointed, who declare they know nothing of such 
an order, neither have they ever seen it. It is therefore 
referred till next Court day, and that the two persons want- 

Annals^ io. 9 

98 The City Records. 

ing who were appointed as aforesaid, in y^ mean time may 
be heard. 

In pursuant to y^ order of Court dated ye 5th of ye in- 
stant, wee underwritten have appraised ye pand effects 
which Ryseck Swart widow of Gerrit Swart deceased, in 
her life time hath delivered and left to ye dyakens of ye 
Church of Albany, ye Garden Lott upon ye Plain, according 
to transport from ye Mayor, dated ye 16 November, 1686, 
included for ye sum of / 644 : 10 wampum. And y^ re- 
maining moveables for ye summe of/ 724. Was signed. 

H. Van Rensselaer 
Jacob Turke. 

The Court have taken ye same into consideration and doe 
confirm ye Pand effects with ye Garden Lott, as by Transport 
dated as aforesaid, to ye deakens for ye behooffe of ye Church 
of Albany, and y^ credit shall be given for ye same; and 
doe appoint Mr. Johannes Cuyler & Evert Banker ad- 
ministrators over ye remaining/ 724 gelders wampum, to 
administer ye same according to law with administration. 

April 2, 1700. — In answer to ye petition of Jan Casperse 
adruinistrator of ye Estate of Wra. Hoffmayer deceased, 
which was given in ye last Court day, by Mr. Joh. Cuyler 
his attorney, desyreing allowance for ye house of said Hoff- 
mayer, broak down by order of Court in the year 16|-|}, 
which was referred by ye Court till further information, 
who have now examined the persons then appointed to agree 
and appraise ye same, who declare they never saw said order, 
neither have they made any appraisement and agreement 
thereof, and are further informed by Mr, Hend. Hanse y^ 
s<i^ Hoffmayer in his life time lent him some quantity of the 
Timber of s'l house and afterwards satisfyed s-' Jan Casperse 
for ye same. Are therefore of opinion yt 4 of ye persones 
formerly appointed, Peter Bogardus, Harma Gansevoort, 
Wm Claese Groesbeek & J. Cornells Viselaer, be appointed 
and are hereby authorized only to appraise what ye costs 
and charges ye building or setting up of such a house as that 
was will amount to, when ye materials and timber lay ready, 
and that the Court will be assistant to ye owner if possible 
to procure s'^ assessment from the Govcrnour and Councill, 

The Ciiij Becords. 99 

but as they are informed y^ timber &c. are disposed off by 
ye owner. 

April 16, 1700.— This day being the 16th of April, 1700, 
Jan Yerbeek deceased, the year and six weeks being ex- 
pired, and no creditor appears but Cornelise Swart, by his 
attorney Johannes Cuyler, the Court are of the opinion that 
the fiftie shillin2;s demanded the 17th of October last shall 
be allowed to the fores'^ Cornelis Swart, as also the remain- 
ing nine shillings of the movable Estate be allowed to Kob^ 
Livingston, Jr., deputy clarke. 

There is a Complaint come to us by several creditable 
persons that Barent Albertsen Bratt is about the inclosing 
the King's highway lying at the bake side of the maine 
guard, wee doe order the Sheriffe to goe to him and prohibit 
him from any further proceedings. 

April 30, 1700. — About 6 a clock this morning the corps 
of Abraham Nikels Allgasthe Pooll [Pole, or Polander] was 
found dead in his Canoe at the first sprout above the Mill. 
Pr. Yanbrugh Mayor and Corner of the Citty and County 
of Albany did call a jury of 12 men as the law directs. 

Lucas Gerretsen, foreman, Joha. Thomase, 

David Ketlem, Anthony Bratt, 

Johannis Beekman, Walter Y. Zea, 

Rynier Mynderse, Jona. Broodhost, 

Warner Kartsen, Thomas Harmen, 

Pr. Waldrum, * Evert Janse. 

Who brings in thar verdict, that they found the Corpse of 
Abra. the Poole stark dead, and having vizited his naked 
bodie have found no hurt or bruise upon his body, and give 
thar judgment that hee died a natural death. 

Bi/ the Mai/or^ Aldermen and Commonalty of the Citty of 



Whereas Complaint is made by the Sheriff of the Citty 
of Albany that several Inhabitants doe not observe the 
former orders dated the 13th day of August, 1689, and 
the 16 June 1696, and the 17th June 1699, but do take 

100 The City Becords. 

the freedom to fetch the Indians with their packs into their 
houses, which is to the great disadvantage of his Majesties 

1st. Wee doe therefore here in his majesty King Wil- 
liam's name publish and declare that no person or persons 
whatsoever within this Citty shall upon the arrival of any 
Indian or Indians address themselves nor speak to them 
of or concerning trade, nor shall entice them within or 
without the gates of the said Citty, by signs or other wayes 
howsoever, to trade with themselves or any other persons, 
upon paine and penalty of paying for each such offence, 
if committed without the gates of the s^^ Citty, the sume of 
thirty shillings ; if without the same the sum of six shillings 
only, which fine is to be for the behoof of such persons as 
shall sue for the same. 

2dly. That no person or persons within the Citty shall 
presume to take any Indian or Indians, sachems excepted, 
when by the Mayor's license, or in his absence by one of 
the Aldermen, into their houses with pack or packs of 
beavers or peltry, and so trade them, upon paine of paying 
as fine for each offence thirty shillings, and the Indian or 
Indians with said pack immediately to depart out of the 
house, without trading directly or indirectly: provided also 
that the Indians commonly called the River and Mohaque 
Indians are free to be receaved into any person's house 
within this Citty, with their packs, ^ny law of the. Citty to 
the contrary notwithstanding, 

3dly. That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty shall send out or make use of any Brokers, whether 
Christian or Indian, in the management of the Indian trade, 
upon paine and penalty of paying as a fine for each offence 
the summe of thirty shillings, one moyety thereof for the use 
of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of the said Citty, 
and the other moytie for such persons as shall sue for the same. 

4thly. That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty doe presume to trade or traffique with or by any means 
whatsoever, directly or indirectly, or entice any Indians soe 
to doe, or give any gifts upon the Sabbath day, upon paine 
and penalty of forfeiting such goods as soe traded for afores^, as 
as also upon paine and penalty of paying as a fine for such 
offence the sum of forty shillings to the use of such persons 

The City Beeords. 101 

as shall sue for the same, and that this order may be the 
more punctually observed, it is ordered that the Constaples 
by turns on the Sabbath day walk the streets with their staffs, 
to prevent the breach of the Lord's day and to hinder all 
manner of irreo-ularities whatsoever, upon the paine and 
penalty of six shillings. 

5thly. Likeways ordered that all Indians the Sachems and 
River Indians and Mohaque Indians excepted as aforesaid, 
are to lye in the Indian houses without the Towne from 
the first of April to the first of December, and are permitted 
to be received in people's houses in Toune from the first 
of December to the first of April. 

Griven in Albany the 80th day of April, in the twelfth year 
of his Majesties reigne, anno do. 1700. 

God save the Kin";. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y^ Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
14th day of May, 1700. 

It it concluded by y^ Court and thought that the follow- 
ing Persones are convenient and fitt to be fyre masters for 
y« Citty, and have therefore authorised Bastian Harmense, 
William Hogen, Warner Carstense, G-ysbert Marselis, Tierk 
Harmense, and Jonathan Bradstreet, and that they forthwith 
shall make it there business to vizite all chimmeleyes within 
this Citty, and whenever they fynde any unconvenient fyre 
places held, to break downe y^ same, and such chimneys as 
shall be found unclean, ye owner to be fined in ye summe of 
three shillings. 

Dowe Aukas, of Schenechtady, appears at ye barr, request- 
ing yt in ye late warr, when Schennechtady by ye Enemy was 
destroyed, he lost his writtings touching and concerning his 
hoiise and lott lyeing and being here in Albany, between ye 
house and lott of Jacob Staets and William Hogen, and now 
having sold ye same to Jaen Rosie, humbly desyres yt Jacob 
Staets being his neighbour with William Hogen, may be or- 
dered to. produce their writtings touching these lotts whereby 
said Dow Aukas may fynde out ye quantity of his lott, which 
being put to ye vote, and unanimously of opinion y^ said 
Jacob Staets and William Hogen to that end must produce 
their writtings to Dow Aukas. 

The Court adjourned till this day 14 ni^ht. 

102 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in y^ Citty of Albany y^ 
14tli of May, 1700. 

It is concluded and thought requisite that y^ streets with- 
in this Citty be cleared, each Inhabitant before his door, 
and to remove ye fyre wood thereof, and whoever shall be 
founde driveing a wagon or cart through ye streets, and y« 
drivers not walking afoot, shall forfeit for each such offence 
ye sum of 3s. as likewise for such as are neglecting to clean 
the street, and remove the wood before their doors. 

It is further considered and ordered that y^ Constables 
shall take their turns on ye sabbath day to prevent drawing 
of strong drink in tipling houses, and breaking the sabbath 
day, and whosoever shall be founde drawing of any strong 
liquor in said houses to any person, shall forfeit ye summe 
of twenty shillings for each offence. 

Hendrik Oothout appointed surveyor for ye Citty and 

Jacob Turke is appointed to sue the Kinderhook Justices 
to ye next inferior Court, for ye arrears due to ye Citty. 

May 16, 1700.— Whereas Pr. Jedon and John Pettitt 
and family, both French, from Sopus, appear desyring 
liberty to passe to Canada, and that a man or two may be 
allowed to carry them thither, which is permitted, and 
thought convenient y^ ye Persons y^ carry them thither 
shall enter into bonde that they shall transport noe horses 
or mares to Canida as ye late proclamation requires, where- 
upon David Ketelheyn and Elbert Harmence, who are their 
guides, have given bond for £100. 

Itt is concluded y^ ye three Constables, each in his warde, 
shall goe rounde by each Inhabitant y' have rid Stockadoes 
for ye Citty, and order him to show ye same, and whoever 
as have not ride their quota shall pay for each Stockade 
18c?. which is to be done in the space of twice four and 
twenty hours. 

It is further concluded that after the Citty walls are 
closed, yi ye Constables shall take care to see that no Stock- 
adoes be broak downe and wherever they fynde or can hear 
of any person y^ breaks downe said Stockadoes shall forfeit 
for Stockadoe so broak downe ye summe of 6s. according to 

The City Records. 103 

former custom, and then said Constable shall order Stocka- 
does to be sett up againe upon y*^ Citties costs. 

May 21, — It is concluded y' a warrant be given toy- 
Constables to strain all Inhabitants as have been neglecting 
in Riding their quota of Stockadoes for y* Citty walls, and 
y^ 4 men shall be employed to sett up ye Stockadoes already 
Ride upon ye Cittys costs. 

May 24. — It is concluded by y^ authority aforesaid, that 
a Tax of one hundred pounds be laid and assessed upon ye 
Inhabitants of this Citty, and y^ a warrant be issued to y^ 
assessors of y^ Citty, to make their assessment for ye same 
which shall be collected and received, one half at or before 
ye 15th of July next ensueing, and ye other halfe at or be- 
fore ye 15th of September then following; ye assessors are 
to make their returns to Mr. Mayor in ye space of eight 
days ensueing ye 25th of this instant. 

June 7. — Whereas on ye 24th of May last a warrant was 
directed to the assessors of this Citty, to make their assess- 
ment for £100 upon the Inhabitants therein, and to make 
their return in ye space of eight days to Mr. Mayor, under 
hand and scale, which assessment being made and produced 
to ye meeting;, desyring approbation, but being founde not 
to be sealed according to order, is given over again to ye 
assessors and referred till Harpert Jacobse, Ben. van Cor- 
laer, assessors, come home from New York, to the sealing 

David Schuyler and Jacobus Turke are appointed to in- 
quire if there is any debts still due to Abraham Poel de- 
ceased, by Hend. Hanse and others, and make report thereof 
next Tuesday. 

At a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany ye 
25th June, 1700. 

John Carr Plaintiff, William Ketelheyn Deft, in ye 2d 
fault. \ 

William Teller PI., Hend. Lansing Deft. The Plentive 
demands of ye Defendant for two years house hyre in his 
house here in Albany, the summe of nine pounds twelve. 
The Defendant denys ye Debt. 

104 The City Becords, 

The Petty Jury being called and sworne — Johannes d. 
Wandelaer, Fredrik Harmense, John Fyne, Casper van 
Hoese, William Hogen, Abraham Prevost, John Rosie, 
Joh. Beekman, Abraham Kip, Cornelius Schermerhorn, 
Warner Carstense, Claes Ripse van Dam. 

The partyes have Composed y« matter, and agreed as 
follows, which is, that ye Defendant doth oblidge himselfe 
to pay the Plentive the summe of Three pounds Twelve 
shillings with Costs of sute &c., and thereby Dischargeing 
said Plentive fi'om all Publick Charges, as he doth pretend 
to have disbursed for ye Plentive's house while in hyre. 

The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 

July 9. John Carr Plentive, William Ketelheyn De- 
fend. The Plentive demands of y^ Defendant by Declara- 
tion ye summe of seven pounds four shillings and four 
pence, as per bond bearing date ye 27th of November, 1699. 
The Defendant ownes ye debt, but Pleads that he was neither 
summoned nor arrested. The partyes have composed ye 
matter, and agreed in ye presence of ye honorable Court 
that ye Defendant shall pay unto ye Plentive at or before y^ 
9th of Septem'r next ensueing the just summe of three 
pounds twelve shillings and two pence, without delay, that 
then y« bond given unto Plentive y® 27th of November, ^99 
shall be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand and remain 
in full force and virtue. 

P. Livingston Col'r Plentive, Johannis Luykasse Deft. 
The plentive demands of the defendant by a Request ye 
summe of 44s. for 44 gallons Rom, which they had of Hen- 
drik Hanse and Retailed in ye Sinnek's Country, with costs 
of sute, &c. 

The Defendant pleads not guilty, but desyres it may be 
referred to ye judgment of a Jury, and since ye Plentive 
have submitted ye matter to ye Judgment of this Court. 

The Court are therefore of opinion that ye Case Referred 
till such times y^ said Plentive comes from New Yorke, who 
may Plaid for himselfe, being Col'r and that the Costs of 
Sute lays wholly at the Charge of ye Plentive. 

The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 

July 23. — Whereas on the 2d day of Aprill last an order 
was given to Peter Bogardus, Harme Gansevoort, William 
Claese Groesbeek, and Jan Cornelise Visselaer, to agree 

The City Records, 105 

what Costs or Charges ye building or setting up of such a 
house as that of William Hoffmayer deceased was (before 
broak downe) with amount, and who have returned there 
Report of aprizement amounting to/336 for building, masons, 
labor, loss of nails, and boards. 

The Court adjourned till this day 14th night. 

Aug. 20. — Tho. Williams, Sheriffe, did make an applica- 
tion to ye Mayor and x\ldermen yt there ware no Common 
Geall or Prissen in Albany, so y^ lie desyred yt they might 
macke a Common Geall or Pressen, and y« Mayor resolved 
to call a Common Councell upon it. 

Att a meeting of the Mayor, Recorder. Aldermen and 
Commonalty of ye Citty of Albany ye 22d August 1700. 

This day came before us Bay Croesvelt by his atturney 
Johannis Cuyler and demonstrates that Geertruy Jeronemus 
formerly widow of Jochim Wessels Backer sold to ye sd Bay 
a certain house and lott of ground here in Albany, about ye 
Church, as by Coopbrieffe or Contract dated ye 26th of March, 
A° 1683, being payd to five gelders in Beavers, which he is 
ready to pay, and since Jan Verbeck and Pieter Adriaense 
in their lifetime securitys and administrators over ye Estate 
of s^ Jochim and Geertruy deceased, made no conveyance 
thereof, it is now desyrd that Jan Casperse administrator of 
his father-in-law, Wm. Hoffmayer deceased, only sone and 
heir of said Geertruy, shall make performance of said house 
and lott. 

Jan. Casperse answered that he was not concerned with ye 
Estate of s^ Jochim and Geertruy aforesaid. But in case 
he should become no damage, is willing to transport ye 
premises. Says further that ye wriettings concerning s^ 
house and lott lays in his hand. The Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Common Councill are of opinion y^ ye afore- 
said John Casperse is y® nearest heir to transport y® aforesaid 
house and lott for ye abovenamed Jochim Wessels and 
Geertruy Jeronemus his wife, both deceased. 

The Commonalty are of opinion (except ye Mayor and 
Recorder) that an address be given to Excellency Richard 
EarleofBellomont, Captain Generall and Governor in Cheeffe 
of his Majesties Province of New Yorke, setting forth ye 

106 The C'dg Becords. 

State and Condition of this Citty and County, humbly 
praying his Excellency to lay ye same at his Majesties feet, 
which is as follows : 

To His Excellency Richard Earle of Bellomont, Cap^" Gen'i 
& Gov in Cheeffe of his Maj^^ Province of New Yorke, 
Massakhusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and__Territories de- 
pending thereon in America, and Vice Admirall of y- 
s^ame, his Maj^^ Lev^ & Commander in Cheeffe of y« 
jMillitia and of all ye forces by Sea & Land within y^ 
Colonies of Connecticut, East and West Jersey, &c., and 
of all ye Forts and Places of Strength within ye same 

May it Phase your Lordsliip : 

AYe have again ye happiness to see your Lordship in this 
place, and can not but thankfully congratulate your Excel's 
great kindness in visiting ye frontiers, the which with y^ 
greatest Concern imaginable we acquaint your Lordship are 
in a most deplorable and languishing condition. The Citty 
and County of Albany has laboured under ye greatest of 
hardships during the late long war with ye French, when 
they were exposed to unexpressible danger, being barbar- 
ously murdered, skalped, and carryed captives by ye French 
and there mercilesse Indians which terrifyed many of ye 
Inhabitants, forced them to Desert their Habitations, and to 
Remove to other parts of ye Province, seeing ye fronteers 
not so well secured as to Defend them from ye inroads of y® 
French and there skulking partyes of Indians, but were in 
hopes that since his Majesty had so graciously obtained a 
peace for all Europe by his valour and conduct, that wee who 
had so large a share of ye miseries attending a bloody warr, 
would also Participate of ye Blessings of joyfull Peace, but 
to our greatest grieffe wee fynde our trade more Decayed 
than formerly, by reason of ye French and there Missionaries 
dayly Deluding and debauching of our Indians of ye Five 
Nations from us, sometimes causing them to be kild by ye 
Farr Indians, and at other times seducing them to come and 
Live at Canida to be instructed in ye Christian Faith ; and 
where these two prevail not, they raise factions in their castles 
to take off by Poisen those y^ can not be so seduced & De- 
luded, by which artifices they have Increased ye Castle of 

The City Records. 107 

praying Indians at Montreyall, which consisted of fourscoure 
lighting men (Indians that had deserted y^ five nations) be- 
fore ye last warr, but are now since y^ Conclusion of y^ peace 
by ye means afores'* increased to above 350, and dayly grow- 
ing more & more, so that if a warr should break out between 
his Majesty and ye French king, they would totally overrun 
these fronteers and thereby facilitate their passage to destroy 
Virginia, Maryland, and the Rest of his Majesties Plantations, 
there method of fighting being in skulking partyes (as your 
Lordship is sujficiently informed) so yi therewith they may 
easily Enfest this whole Continent, ye Plantations and 
houses generally lying stragling, and more particularly in 
Virginia and Maryland, in such manner y^ it will be ab- 
solutely impossible for ye Inhabitants thereof to manure or 
cultivate their land. This will be no hard matter for them 
to doe, Considering how well the fi'rench have fortifyed them- 
selves ever since ye peace with more vigour and diligence y'^ 
in any time of y" warr, having Continually had Supplyes of 
men & money from France to doe ye same, and what number 
of Indians. 

[The remainder of this document was not engrossed.] 

Att a Meeting of Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Common 
Councill, held in Albany this od day of September, 

The Churchwardens of Shinuechtady doe make applica- 
tion to ye Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & Common Councill, 
desyreing two persones to be allowed & appoynted to goe 
Rounde by ye Inhabitants of ye Citty, to see if they can obtain 
any Contribution to make up ye Sellary due to there Minister, 
Do. Freman, whilst on his voyage from Amsterdam to this 
place, they complayning not to be capable to make out said 
Sellary by there own Congregation doe therefore desyre 

The Commonality arc unanimously of opinion that since 
they are censible that s<^ Church wardens have not informed 
themselves what there Congregations will Comply to said 
Sellary, that they first goe and Visite there owne Congrega- 
tion, and if they doe not obtain said Sellary by them, then to 
make there application to the Commonality at ye next 
court day. 

108 The City Records. 

Sept. 21. — Whereas y^ Church wardens of Shenneelitady 
doe again make application that two persons may be appointed 
to goe Rounde by y^ Inhabitants of this Citty to see if they 
can obtain any contributions for Do. freemans Sellary as there 
Desyre on ye 3d of this instant doth now at large appear. 
Whereupon y^ Commonality have concluded and doe allow 
and admitt two or more of s^' Church wardens of Shinnech- 
tady to goe once Round for Contribution to use as aforesaid 
from y*^ Inhabitants of this Citty and no more in y° time of 
the Sessions, which will be first and second of October next 

Albany ys 14th of October, A" 1700. — This day being 
appointed by y® Charter of y® Citty for y® Aldermen in there 
respective Wards to make return of y^ aldermen, assistants, 
assessors & constables for y® ensueing year, who are as 
follows : 

First Warde. — Johannes Schuyler, David Schuyler, al- 
dermen ; Jacobus Turke, Ilendrik Oothout, assistants'; 
Dirk Vanderheyden, William Ilogan, assessors; Johannes 
Lansingh, constable. 

Second Warde. — Johannes Roseboom, Johannes Cuyler, 
aldermen ; Luykas Gerritse, Johannes Harmense, assistants; 
Isaak Verplank, Pieter Mingael, assessors ; Mathias Nack, 

Third Warde. — Wessel ten Broek, Johannes Abeel, al- 
dermen ; G-errit Van Ness, Harpert Jacobse, assistants ; 
Tierk Harmense, Evert Janse, assessors ; Jon. Broadhorst, 

Johannes Luykasse, high constable. 

Anthony Bratt, Treasurer. 

1)1 de Halve Maan. — Mees Ilogeboom, assessor ; Cornelis 
Claese, constable. 

Onastigeone. — Marte Cregier, assessor; Cornelis Tymese. 

Att a Common Councill held in y^ Citty Hall of Albany ye 
15th of November, 1700 : — Present, John Johnson 
Bleeker, mayor ; Joh. Schuyler, Da. Schuyler, Johannes 
Roseboom, Joh. Cuyler, W^essel ten Broek, Joh. Abeel, 
aldermen ; Jacob Turke, Hend. Oothout, Luykas Ger- 
ritse, Gerrit van Ness, Harpt. Jacobse, assistance. 
It is concluded that ye following Proclamation be pro- 

The City Records. 109 

That according to y^ yearly Custome they doe hereby 
prohibit and forbid y® Retailing of all sorts of Strong Liquor 
within this Citty and County, unless by Mr Mayors Lycense, 
on penalty of forfeiting as a fyne upon such person or per- 
soues so offending y^ summe of five pounds, according to 
act of assembly, as also that no such Retailers shall receive 
from any Souldier upon any Pretence whatsoever any of 
there Provisions, Cloaths, or other accoutrements, or shall 
retaile to them in their house after ye ringing of ye Bell for 
Eight o'clock at night, upon penalty of forfeiting for each 
Souldier so founde as aforesaid y° summe of six shillings 
for ye Behoof of such Person as shall sue for ye same. 

Pursuant to an order of Councill dated ye 23d of Sept., 
and another from his excellency dated the 16th of October 
last, Coll. Pr. Schuyler, the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality have hired the house of William Ketelheyn till pmo 
May next, for ye summe of six pounds for two Lefts, and 
there wifes. Also ye Chamber on ye south side of Elisabeth 
widow of Wouter Utthoft's house, with the use of her bedd 
and bedding to p'^i" May next, for four pounds tenn shillings 
for one Leift, with ye condition that at ye present ye magis- 
trates are to supply her with two Blankets, which at ye Ex- 
piration of ye time as afores^^ are to be deducted off ye hire. 

Nov. 26. — Evert Wendell sen. appears in Common Coun- 
cill and makes Request verbally, that in y® time of y« late 
Gov. Thomas Dohgan, orders were issued to demand all Pa- 
tents or Grround Brieffes belonging to this Citty and County, 
in which time y® said Petitioner gave up his Ground Brieffe 
granted to him by y® late governor Petrus Stuyvesant for a 
certain Lott of grounde situate lying and being on y® soutU 
side of y® Citty, on y® east side of y® hill abutting to y" north 
of y® Land and Orchard belonging to Isak Casperse ; and 
since said Evert Wendel declares that said Ground Brieffe 
or any other was never returned to him. Doth therefore 
humbly request of y® hon. Commonality to grant him a re- 
lease for s^J Grounde, which y« Commonality have taken into 
Consideration, and have grauntedy® same, ordering a Release 
to be writte, which shall be signed. 

It is concluded that a warrant be issued to y® fyre masters 
to vizite y® Chimneys and fyre places within this Citty every 

Annals, iv. 10 

110 The aty Records, 

three weeks', beginning y® 2d of December next and so con- 
tinuing during the time of three months, which fyre masters 
are as follows : Bastiaen Harmense, William Hogen, Warner 
Carstense, Guysbert Marselis, Tierk Harmense, Jonathan 

De Ratelwaght John Rateliffe & Robert Barrett heppen d 
Dieast voor de aenstaende jaer die genomen ingangh nem- 
ende van die 29st November 1700, voor de oude salaris van 
£22 : 16 om betaelen te syn alle verrendeel jaers als mede 
80 vuur brant hout; haer waekt Plaets is aen gezijt in't 
Blockhuys en de Parrel straet. Het wert verstaen dat de 
voorgaende accort was voor £24. Ergo adest nogh £1 : 4. 
En geordineert dat warrant gegeven sail zyn aen de asses- 
sors, om haer assessment te maken voor £30, en 80 vuur 
hout en deselve te leveren in handen van de meyor op Sat- 
erdagh, den 21t December. 

[The purport of the foregoing is, that John Rateliff and Robert 
Barrett were reappointed watclimen for the ensuing year at the 
same salary as before, £22 16s. and 80 loads of fire wood ; their 
station to be at the blookhouse in Pearl street, and the assessors 
were to make an assessment of £30 upon the inhabitants, and re- 
turn it to the mayor by Saturday, the 21st December.] 

It is Concluded that warning be given to the Justices of 
y^ Citty & County to appear on ye 23d of December at nine 
o'clock in y« morning, to few y*^ Citty & County's accounts, 
for ye late year to ye 14th October last. . To which end, 
Johannis Abeel, John Schuyler & Johannis Roseboom, al- 
dermen, and Jacobus Turke, Luykas Gerritse, and Harpert 
Jacobse, assistants, are appointed to vizite said accounts, 
and see them justly made, returning them in the hands of 
Mr. Mayor the 21st of December next. 

December 21. — The Committee aforesaid brought in there 
Report in Common Councill according to y^ above Conclu- 
sion. Also, appeared Mr. Hansen, and brought in his certi- 
ficates for service in the Assembly this year, desyring that 
credit be given only for his serving dayes, acquitting his 
journey days. 

Att a meeting of ye Justices of ye Citty & County of Albany 
this 24th December in ye Evening, 1700. 
Whereas in ye late General Assembly held the day 
of , an act is past for £1000 to be graunted to his 

TJie City Records. Ill 

Majesty, to which y^ Citty and County of Albany's quota 
amounts to £60, which after assessed and collected must be 
paid unto y^ Receiver Grenerall of this Province, on y^ first 
day of May, 1701 ; in Pursuance thereof it is Resolved by 
y® aforesaid Justices, that ye assessors of y« Citty and of 
each respective Presink in ye County to whom warning 
shall be given by their Justices, to Convene in ye Citty 
Hall of Albany, on ye 20th of January next, to make an 
assessement of £60, upon all lahabitants. Sojourners and 
Freeholders within said Citty and County, and make Return 
thereof on ye 25th then following. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 
30 of December, 1700. 

The assessors have returned an assessment for ye Rattle- 
watch, / 1200, and 87 load wood. It is concluded that a 
warrant be issued to ye Collector to collect ye same forth- 
with, and order that ye wood be Ride to ye Burger Block- 
house before 15th of January next, which shall be received 
by ye Ratelmen. 

It is also concluded y^ on ye next meeting an order be 
made prohibiting ye unruly driving of slees. 

Att a meeting of Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality held 
in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 3d of January, 170-^. 

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, supervisor returned by Ger^ 
Theunise, justice of ye Colony. 

Daniel Janse, supervisor for Schenectady. 

Lawrence van Ale, for Kinderhook, without a Return. 

Frank Salisbury, for Coxhacky and Catskill, without 

It is Concluded by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality that a proclamation be made against the Driving of 
slees, carts and wagons through the streets of this Citty 
harder than on a stap, and Ryding on horseback ye like, 
upon penalty of forfeiting ye summe of three shillings for 
each offence, for ye Behooffe of such as Prosecutes for ye 

112 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill, held in y^ Citty of Albany ye 
27tli of January, 170f 

The Day ye Recorder's oath is administered. 

It is concluded and thought verry necessary that fyre 
leathers and hooks be made for ye Behooffe of this Citty, 
since y^ old one Deckayd and lost. Wherefore is Resolved 
that three leathers of five and twenty, and three of eighteen 
foot be made, and three hooks of fifteen foot, which Hend., 
Oothout and Harp^ Jacobse have undertaken to make with 
all speed. 

It is further Concluded since ye Bridge by Coll Schuyler 
doth decay, that Mr. Roseboom, Hend. Oothout, and Harpt 
Jacobse to vizite ye same, and make Returne ye next Court 
what is required to be repaired. 

It is further Resolved, fynding the Citty's Stockadoes 
Extreamly Dekayed, that ye same be new fenced with new 
Stockadoes of a foot square at ye small end, and thirteen 
foot long from ye North East point of ye fort to ye Burger 
Blockhouse, and from ye South East point of ye fort to ye 
small Blockhouse on ye Plain, to which end is appointed 
Joh. Cuyler, Wessel Ten Broek, aldermen, Johannis Har- 
mense, tfacobus Turke, assistants to order it be measured 
how many Rodd it will reach toe, and to make Return to- 
morrow evening one hour Sone, together with what quantity 
old Stockadoes they think Convenient to Repair ye Citty 

Jan. 28. — Pursuant to ye above order, ye Gent'n ap- 
pointed have made return, and thereupon Resolved that a 
warrant be issued to the assessors to make an assessment 
upon the Inhabitants of this Citty, for one hundred and 
twelve Rodd of Stockadoes for ye use as above mentioned of 
sraove pine Bark one foot thick at ye small End, and to 
make there return under hand and scale to Mr. Mayer, in 
ye Space of twice four and twenty hours. 

It is further Resolved, after warning be given to ye In- 
habitants that S'^ Stockadoes be Ridd at or before ye 15th 
of Feb. next Ensuing, upon penalty of forfeiting for each 
Stockadoe not delivered 18^, to which End ye s^i Stocka- 
does be Ride according to form. Mr. Joh. Schuyler and 
Mr. Joh. Roseboom aldermen, and Jacobus Turke and Joh. 
Harmense, assistants, have undertaken to vizite ye same. 

The City Records. 113 

Relateing the Bridge at Coll. Schuyler's ye Gent'n yes- 
terday appointed to vizite y^ same doe Eeturne that it Re- 
quires to be Repaired with 1 oak Loggof 17 foot, 12 inches 
square, 4 Post 10 foot, 10 inches square, 2 Pine Loggs of 
10 foot, 1 foot square, 3 do 17 foot a piece, 3 do a 10 foot, 
1 do a 37 foot. 

It is moreover Resolved that ye gutter next to y^ house 
of Mr. Cuyler near ye fort, and ye Creek by ye Luttheren 
Church Requires before they can be repaired, one pine logg 
of thirty foot long, and one & a half foot thick, at ye small 
end, one of five and twenty foot, like thickness, one of forty 
and one of thirty foot long and a foot thick at the but end; 
all which timber wood as aforementioned, Mr. Joh. Cuyler 
alderman, Harpt Jacobse and Hend. Oothout assistants, 
have undertaken to agree with some Particular Person who 
shall Ride ye same upon ye Citty Charge. 

Att a Meeting of y« Justices of y® Citty and County of 
Albany, the 6th of February, 170-f 
The accounts of Charges of y® County being made up, 
from y« 14th of October, 1699, to y« 14th of October, 1700, 

amounting to /2099:10 

Also ye Revenue received in said time being 2010: 2 

Remains y** County indebted, /89: 8 

Besides y® sallary of ye 3 assembly men for y® last two 
Sessions, according to y® respective Certificates thereof, be- 
ing/720,/480, and/640; in all/1840. 

Memorandum that Mr. Mayor Bleeker having served 
according to act of assembly 68 days, being willing to re- 
ceive for 60 days at 6s., and that Ryer Schermerhorn hav- 
ing served 64 days as aforesaid is willing to receive for 53i 
days at 6s. per diem. 

The Justices of y® County in y® last Court of Sessions 
have Recommended to lay before y® Supervisors y® necessity 
ye Courthouse Requires to be Repaired, together with a 
new Common goal, as also y® Petition of Hend. Roseboom 
ye Church Reader, with a Remembrance for James Parker, 

114 The City Becords. 

It being further observed that y« County (excepting y® 
Citty and Colony Rensselaerwyck) must be credited for 
two hundred and fifty-one Grilders wampum value, being 
the half of Roseboom's Sallary, and Repareing y® Church 
yard, which was Charged in y® Grenerall County acct. 

Att a meeting of y^ Aldermen and Assistance, and Su- 
pervisors of y« County of Albany y« 18th of february 

The account of y® Citty and County being made up, doe 
fynde y® Citty and County (the Colony excepted) are In- 
debted £48:4:9. The meeting have resolved that the asses- 
sors shall meet y^ 27th day of this month at y« Citty Hall 
of Albany, to make an assessment of the Estates of all the 
Citty and County of Albany, as also the Supervysors are to 
meet y« next day following at one the clock at y« Citty Hall 
of Albany. 

Feb. 28. According as Concluded on y®18th of y® In- 
stant, the assessors of the Citty and County have Convened 
and doe Return an assessment as follows : 

Y« Citty for £5008 

Canastageone, 696 

H. Maen, 672 

Schinnechtady, 3143 

Kinderhook, 889 

Catskill, 1617 

The Colony except Patkook, , 4586 


Upon which assessment, excepting the Colony, is laid 
three stuyvers wampum upon the pound. In Reguarde to 
Defray y® arrears of y^Xitty and County's Charges to the 
assembly men and that warrants be issued to y® severall Col- 
lectors to Collect y« same before the 15th of Aprill next En- 
sueing, then to deliver said summes of money unto Anthony 
Brad y^ Citty Treasurer, and that s'^ Collectors and Trea- 
surer shall share alike in five per Ct, which y« meeting doe 
allow for the Collecting, 

Relateing y® Prepareing of y® Court house & Common 
Goall, which y« Justices of y® Citty & County on the 26th 

The City Records » 115 

of Feb'y instant Recommended to be laid before y® Super- 
visors, is referred to their Consideration, who of the County 
Positively Refused to Contribute any thing unto y® same, 
alleadging that it must be Repaired out of the 2 pr cent to 
Defray y® necessary Charges of y® Citty and County. 

Att a Mayers Court held in the Citty hall of Albany ye 
18th of March, 170f - 

The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 

The Court have appointed Mr. David Schuyler & Mr. 
Johannis Roseboom, aldermen, to goe to Mr. Van Brugh, 
late Mayor, and there to demand severall papers relating 
y® Citty, which he took in care whilst Mayor of this Citty, 
who Report that sayd van Brugh Refused to give over y« 
same : notwithstanding a little after came and delivered to 
y® present Mayor y® following writteings, viz^ : Hend van 
Rensselaer's patent for Skaakkook and his Transp^ for y® 
same to y® mayor, aldermen and assistants. K. v. Rensse- 
laers patent for y® Colony Rensselaerwyk. P. M. van 
Bruggens Release for a lott of ground on ye plain, together 
with his patent and transp' for y® same, wherefore the s<i 
mayor passed a Receipt to s^ van Brugh. 

Att a meeting of y® Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & Assist- 
ants in Albany y® 27th of March, 1701. 

After Consideration y® Gent'n have Concluded that in 
case y*^ Genii assembly at there meeting on y^ 2^ of Aprill 
next, should act or proceed on businesse, that the members 
for this Citty and County doe make application to continue 
y® Revenue of 2 pr cent laid upon Indian wares here Im- 
ported, as also y® 3cZ upon each gallon for y« space of two 
years ensueing y® expiration of that act. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y« Citty of Albany y® 1st of 

Aprill, 1701. 

Gerrit Jacobse plentive, John Fyne defendant. 

The Jury called : Claes Ripse, Harmen Theunise, Isaac 
Verplank, Thomas Harmense, Gysbert Marselis, Rynier 
Myndertse, Philip Wendel, Goose van Schaack, Melg^ Mel- 
gertse, Pr. Waldrum, Barent Bratt, Casper van Hoese. 

116 The City Records, 

The plentive alledges against the Defendant y^ he scan- 
dalized his wife Elizabeth with base words, in calling her a 
thiefFe, and that she had stole money from him to the da- 
mage of £100. 

The Deft appears and humbly desyres if the Case may 
be Referred till next Court Day, so y^ he may in that time 
Provide for witnesses. 

The honbl Court have taken y® Desyre into Considera- 
tion, and have Refferred y® same till y® ensueing Court day. 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of Albany 
y« 12th of Aprill, 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made that Barent Albertse Bratt 
hath this day Infenced some part of his Lott of grounde 
without y« north gate of this Citty, to y® westward of y® 
main guarde, which is to the great prejudice of his Majesty 
and Subjects by Inclosing y^ highway, and being also a hind- 
rance to the fortifications there. 

It is therefore ordered that y« said Barent Albertse Bratt 
doth remove said fence in y® space of thrice twenty four 
hours, upon his Perill, or else that y® same shall be removed 
by the sheriffe- of this Citty. 


City of Albany, ss. — William by y« grace of God of 
England, Scotland, France and Ireland, King, defender of 
y® faith, &c., to y® Sherifi'e of y^ Citty of Albany greeting : 
In pursuant to an order of Common Council on y® 12th of 
this Instant, wee command you to cause to be Removed y® 
fence which is made by Barent Albertse Bratt, without y® 
north gate of said Citty, to y® westwarde of y® main guarde 
being to great prejudice of his Majestie and Subjects by 
inclosing the highway, and also a hinderance to y^ fortifica- 
tions there, and y^ in y® space of four and twenty hours en- 
sueing y® Date hereof, in doing whereof this shall be your 
sufficient warrant. Given in Albany y® 15th day of April 
in y® 12th year of his Maj'es Reign, annoq Do. 1701. 

Was signed Johannis Bleeker, Rekorder. 
JoHANNis CuYLER, Alderman. 
To Jonathan Broadhurst, high sheriffe of y® 
Citty & County of Albany. 

The City Records, 117 

April 29. — Thomas Williams, attorney for Pr. van Wug- 
gelum Plentive, Joseph Jansen, Defendant. This day be- 
ing y« 3^^ Court day & no Coram of magistrates in y« bench, 
thought fit to Referr y« action without N. Summoned can 
Proceed, which opinion if a Coram be compleat shall lay 
ready in y® office for y® artyes some time in next week. 

Att a Common Councill held in y« Citty hall of Albany 
ye 5th of May, 1701. 

The Commonalty have concluded that the Inhabitants 
shall sett up there quotaes of N. Stockadoes 3 foot in y® 
ground where y® old stands, and even above y^ in y^ space 
of eleven days ensuing y® 7th of this Instant, upon penalty 
of forfeiting for each stockado not ' orderly sett up, in s^ 
time 9f/. For y® orderly planting of s*^ stockadoes Mr. Joh. 
Cuyler & Joh. Roseboom, aldermen, Ja. Turke & Joh. 
Harmense, assistants, are appointed to vizite s^ stockadoes 
before they are sott up, and to refuse such stockadoes as 
are not according to form of 13 foot long, and one foot 
squair at y® small end, of smove pine barke. 

The Proclamation made Relateing y® Indian Trade on 
y« 80th of Aprill, 1700, is confirmed for one year. 

It is further Concluded y^ each Inhabitant shall Ring 
there hoggs in there noses, and remove there fyre wood 
from y® streets in y® space of 8 days ensueing ^^ date hereof, 
upon penalty of forfeiting such hoggs not Ringed, and 
fyre wood for y^ Behoofe of y« Sherifi'e of y® Citty & County, 
who shall sue for y® same. 

The s^ Proclamation is Proclaimed on y® 12 of May, 1701. 

May 6th. — Mr. Joh. Lydius, minister, Anthony van 
Schaik, Elder, and Harp^ Jacobse, Dyaken, of y® Dutch 
Reformed Church of Albany, make application to the 
Commonality by Complaint against Pr. Bogardus that he 
is about Infencing a certain Lott of grounde Situate, Ly- 
ing and being in y® great pasture to y® southwarde of y^ 
s<^ Citty, Belonging to y® Church wardens, and in posses- 
sion to which Lott they owne a pretence. Desryeing y® 
Gent'n in Common Councill to be aiding and assisting to 
them in y® premises, that y® further infencing may be stopt 
till y® arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who is supposed can 
give some Information relateing said lott. Y® Gent'n in 

118 The City Records. 

Common Councill have taken y® Request in Consideration, 
and sent for Mr. Bogardus, desyreiug him to forbear fenc- 
ing four or five days till Maj. Wessells arrives, but fynde- 
ing unwilling to allow s^ Days are unanimously of opinion 
that sd lott of grounde shall be no further Infenced till 
next Saturday, or the arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who 
Emmediately shall be sent for. 

Alderman David Schuyler informs the meeting that upon 
his arrival at Mont Reyall in Canida, on y« 14th of Aprill 
last, was informed y^ y® merchandise he conveyed thither 
were prohibited goods, whereupon he Resolved to ask ye 
governurs leave to expose them freely to Sale, which after 
being graunted, was Invited to dine with y^ govern'r, and 
being in discourse together after Dinner, ye govern'r pleased 
to ask s'^ Schuyler as follows : What news have you in your 
Parts, where vessels dayly arrive from Europe, and here but 
once in a year; wee have here News by a Letter from La- 
kadie to one Mons. Menel a Jesuit here of y« death of y® 
king of Spaine and the Pope, with an other king, not cer- 
tain whether it is King William or King James. I suppose 
you can inform the truth thereof to us. Said Schuyler an- 
swered that wee have had y^ tyding of y« king of Spaine's 
death and life this five or six years long, and hearing such 
news so often causes us not to minde it without the certainty 
thereof. Then said Schuyler asked why such strick inquire 
was made after y® King of Spaine's Death by severall people 
just at his arrivel there. The governour answered because 
they are informed of a dispute for y® kingdom of Spaine, and 
said where two have difi'erence sometimes they fall out in 
quarrel. S^ Schuyler replyed that wee received news last 
year that y® two kings were come to an agreement concern- 
ing s^ kingdom, and therefore he believed there was no fear 
of warr. Then y® goven'r sayd y^ he still Remembered y® 
Cruell and Barbarous murders committed by y® heathens in 
shedding of Innocent Christian Blood in y® late warr, and 
y^ it would be much better for these parts in America, in 
case a warr break out between y® two crownes, that both 
kings concluded such an order as was in King Charles Reign 
for us to sett still, since wee only injured one another by 
such skulking partys. Then s<^ Schuyler answered, y' he 
often heard say among y« head men here, y^ it was a shame 

The City Records, 119 

to see Christian Blood soe spilt by heathens, to which y® go- 
vern'r answered and said, In case a warr doe break out he 
will not be y® first to send out such partyes against us as 
formerly. Then Schuyler answered that he beleeved in 
case there came no skulking partyes from him there would 
be none sent from hence. Says further, y^ two days after 
he and Alderman Wessel ten Broek, Abrah. Schuyler and 
Jean Rosie were invited to dine with Mons. Supercaes mayor 
of Mont Hoyal, where Mons. Marricuer and severall oy^r 
Gent'n were, who used y® same Discourse as afores'^^', and ye 
next morning going to take there leave of Mons. Marricuer 
he told them y* when y® Cheefe Govr. arrived from Quebek, 
who he dayly expected, he intended to goe for Onondage, 
to kindle his fyre there as he former used to doe. 

Here inclosed lays an information given by Alderman 
David Schuyler late come from Canida, which after (by us) 
taken in Consideration is thought a Method (Before a warr 
breaks out between y® two Crownes, which as we understand 
by severall Confirmations of news is Dayly expected) to pre- 
vent y® Cruel and Barbarous murder which Innocent Christ- 
ians most Enduer under ye hands of y® mercilesse Indians, 
as in y^ late warr hath been used, to little advantage of 
both sides, hoping that your honors will take y same into 
your serious consideration, whilst yet an opportunity can be 
had by some fitt person or more (as here be among our 
aldermen who are well acquainted there or such) as your 
honors shall think best to send thither to Canida, either 
under pretence of a small trade, or any other way, as your 
honors s|iall think most Convenient; in y®_,meanwhile wish- 
ing your honors all prosperity doe remain, 
Honbl® Gent'n 

Your most humble & most 

obedient servants, 


Wessel ten Broek, Jo. Bleeker, 
Jo. Cuyler, Jo. Schuyler, 

To the Eon. John Nanfan Esq.^ 
His Majies Left. Governor & Com. in Clieefe of ye 
Province of New York, &c., in his absence to 
His Maj's Hon. Council for ye same, att Fort 
Wm. Henry. 

120 The aty Records, 

May 10. — Pursuant to ye Resolution of ye Mayor, Re- 
corder, aldermen and assistants in Common Councill on y^ 
Gth of May now instant, Maj. D. Wessels, Anthony van 
Schaik and Hendrik van Rensselaer, Elders in ye Bebalfe 
of y^ Church wardens of y^ Reformed Netherdutch Congre- 
gation, doe appear and complain against Peter Bogardus 
about Infenciug a certain parcel of pasture grounde situate, 
lyeing and being to y^ southwarde of this Citty, on the other 
side of ye Beavers Creek in y^ great pasture belonging to 
said Church wardens, as by their transport made over by Dom. 
Godefridus Dellius on ye 31st of July 1690, viz^. 

Imprimis. The said Mr. Wessels saith that in the year 
1686, in July, before ye Charter was obtained, John John- 
son Bleeker, ye s^ Wessels and Levinus van Schaick, then 
Magistrates, were in behalfe of ye Court appointed to En- 
quire by ye severall Inhabitants who had Letts of grounde 
in the great Pasture aforesaid, among whom they came to 
Deritie widow of Volkert Janse and Geertruy widow of Jan 
Thomase to Desist their title of their Certain Parcell of 
pasture Land, (being that as aforementioned) whereupon ye 
s'l Geertruy proposed if the magistrates would procure a 
graunt from the governor, Thomas Dongan, for a peece of 
Land some where else at their own costs, upon which ye s<i 
magistrates went to ye Governor who gave consent to a grant 
for any piece of vacant land in ye government to which ye 
s<^ Geertruy replyed to Enquire for ye same, and so parted 
as by ye memorandum thereof, written by s^ Mr. Wessels, 
doth more at large appear by ye Deakens. 

2dly. That since ye magistrates having with Deritie y^ 
widow of Volkert Janse and Geertruy widow of Jan Thomase 
upon account of said parcell of pasture grounde to whom it 
lately belonged, discounted to each of them ye summe of one 
pound sixteen shillings Currant Money, on ye 7th of Sept., 
1691, as by ye Cittyes book held by ye late Treasurer, John 
Becker, doth appear, therefore desyreing of ye Gent'n in Com- 
mon Council to maintain what was formerly transported by 
their predecessors, and since said Great pasture is lett to 
hyre until November next, that ye Gent'n will be pleased to 
prevent ye further Infencing of said Bogardus until such 
persones from whom he bought s<^ Pasture ground doe punc- 

The City Records, 121 

tually performe there conveyance, and further alledging that 
this Commonality is to defend the premises. 

Whereupon s'^ Pr. Bogardus doth Demonstrate a certain 
Conveyance concerning s*^ Pasture grounde made over to 
him by ye aforementioned widow, bearing date y^ 1st day of 
March, If g^, together with a Certification and Consent on 
ye backside thereof, signed and sealed by Jonas Dow, eldest 
Sonne of s^ Deritie, and And's Janse, eldest sonne of s^ 
Greertruy, dated ye 18th of February, one thousand seven 
hundred and one. Witnesses, Thomas Williams and Lau- 
rence van AUe. Whereby said Pr. Bogardus pretends to 
Infence ye same. 

The Grentlemen in Common Councill are unanimously of' 
opinion that such persons as have conveyed said pasture 
grounde to said Bogardus are to make ye same good unto 
him ye said Bogardus : in ye meantime y« said Bogardus is 
not to proceed Infenceing as aforementioned. 

Att a Meeting of ye Gentlemen appointed for y® management 

of ye Indian;Affairs, the 12th of May, 1701 : — Present, 

Coll. Pr. Schuyler, John Johnson Bleeker, Johannis 

Bleeker, Johannis Schuyler, Wessel ten Broek, Johannis 

Cuyler, David Schuyler, Joh. Eoseboom, Maj. Dirk 

Wessels, Hend. Hanse, Lieut. John Bennet.' 

Coll. Pr. Schuyler proposes to ye Gent'n ye Information 

of alderman David Schuyler, lately come from Canida, that 

Mons. Marricuer (a Gentleman of Great Influence among 

our Five Nations) intends upon ye arriual of Mons. Callier, 

Cheeffe goven'r of Canida, from Quebec, to goe to Onnondage 

and kindle his fyre there, as he formerly hath done, and 

Believeing its only to Debauch our Indians, desyres the 

opinion of ye Gentlemen whether it is not requisite to send 

some fitt person or more best acquainted with ye Indians, 

besides ye Interpreter, to prevent his Design. 

The Gentlemen convened are unanimously of opinion that 
with all Expedition ye Gent'n in Councill shall be acquainted 
with ye same, and if persons shall be appointed to go thither 
may be supplyed in station to honor y* government, ex- 
pecting there further orders therein. 

Annalsj iv. 11 

122 The City Records. 

Att a Mayor's Court, held in the Citty hall of Albany y^ 
13th of May, 1701. 

Thomas Williams atturney for Pr. van Wuggelum Plen- 
tive, Joseph Janse Defendant. [This case was brought to 
recover £52, and decision given for the defendant.] 

Before y^ adjourning of y^ Court y^ Gentlemen have 
pursuant to an order of Councill dated ye 8th of Aprill, 
1701, hyred y^ chamber and bedding of Elizabeth widow 
of Wouter van der Utthoft, on ye north end of her house 
for Leift M. Shanks, for ye ensueing year from prime May 
last for ye summe of £9, upon ye king's account. 

May 20. — It is concluded by ye Commonality (since y^ 
expiration of ye order on ye 7th Instant to sett up ye new 
Stockadoes at ye places appointed is not fulfilled), therefore 
for ye more strik charge is thought requisite to sett forth a 
proclamation ordering such persons as have neglected to sett 
up their quotas of Stockadoes according to number, that 
the same may be orderly planted in ye space of six days, or 
before ye 27th of this instant, upon penalty of forfeiting ye 
summe of three shillings for each Stockadoe not sett up as 
aforesaid, for ye Behoofe of ye SherifiFe who is to see them 
orderly sett. 

May 27. — Williem Ketelheyn : Alsoo wy dagelyks Las- 
tigh gevalle werden door de woonders van uwe buys over 
de unbequaamheyt van dien, de welke noodigh Reparatie 
manqueert. Derhalve versoeken wy uwe persoon alhier 
met spoet under onse Protectie durende drie dagen, opdat 
uwe buys magh bequaam gerepareet, werden anders sullen 
genootsaekt syn om hetselve met dese maent te verlaten 
sail hier mede verblyve. 

UE Frient & Dienaer, 

Per order van Court, 
Rt. Livingston Jun., Dep. Clk. 

N. B. Dat Willem Ketelheyn is gekomen en aengeno- 
men het buys voort te Repareeren & dien volgens. So 
blyft het in huyr van primo May last tot primo May 1702, 
voord prys als voorhene op d Conings Rekening indato den 
15 Novr, 1700 t weten twaelf pont currant gelt. 

Thomas Williams late sherifi'e makes request that ye 
Boedel of Abraham Poel, late deceased, may be adminis- 
tered : ye Gentlemen in Court takeing ye same into con- 

The City JRecords. 123 

sideration and fyndeing the Estate of so little value that 
it will not bear to goe to y^ charges of letters of adminis- 
tration, have therefore appointed Mr. Wessel ten Broek, 
Mr. David Schuyler, aldermen, together with y^ s^i Thomas 
Williams, to make Enquire of all Groods, Rights and Cre- 
ditts which to s^^ Deceased in his lifetime did appertain, 
ye same to Receive y" Groods, Exposeing to Sale in Publiok 
vandue, and to pay all debts as farr as y^ same will extend 
and to give account of there administration to this Court 
on or before ye 13th of June next ensueing, being one year 
and six weeks since y^ Death of y^ s^ Deceased. 

William by y« Grace of God of England, Scotland, France 
& Ireland, King, Defender of ye Faith, &c., Greeting: 
Since complaints are made that severall Persones Inhabit- 
ing within this County doe very much Diminish ye Right? 
and Priviledges of this Citty by Trading with Indians con- 
trary to the Charter, wee therefore command you to make 
search in the houses or elsewhere without the walls of this 
citty and in ye County afores^, and all such Indian goods 
or merchandize which shall be found to be traded or tra- 
fiqued with any Indian or Indians, together with such In- 
dian Commodities, wither ye same be Beavers, Peltry, or 
other Indian Commodities whatsoever, [except Indian corn, 
venison and drest dear skins] to seize and to sue for ye 
same, which after Condemned shall be for ye behooffe as 
y® Charter directs. 

Given in Albany this 27th of May, in y® 13th year of 
his Majesty's Reign, annoq. Do. 1701. 
To Jonathan Broadhurst, high sheriflFe of y 

Citty and County of Albany, or his deputy. 
Signed by 

John Johnson Bleeker, Justice. 
JoHANNis Abeel, Justice. 

Present, Joh. Bleeker, Recorder, Joh. Abeel, Joh. Schuy- 
ler, Joh. Cuyler, David Schuyler, Joh. Roseboom, 
Ryer Schermerhorn, Capt. James Weems, Jonathan 
Broadhorst, Sheriffe, Lawrence Claese, Interpreter. 
Message sent from Onondage (three days hy the xoay^ 

and brought here hy Joseph the Indian and Cayindagoe^ 

this first of June ^ 1701. 

124 The City Records. 

Sajs yi some Onondagoe Indians being out hunting and 
passing by Cadarachqui, were informed by y^ French lay- 
ing in garrison there, that Mon. Marrecuer of Canida was 
coming with three hundred men, which Indians were de- 
syred to stay there till his arrivall, but Refused and went 
off a short way to an island where they heard y^ cannon 
fyred most part of y day, therefore beleeved the said 
Marrecuer was arrived at Cadarachqui, as the French in- 
formed them. 

Say further, yt ye sachems of Onondage have given no- 
tice to all of ye Five Nations to meet at Onondage believ- 
ing ye s'' Marrecuer 4vas coming to speak of peace. 

The Gentlemen appointed to manage ye Indian affairs 
are unanimously of opinion that some fitt persones be sent 
with attendance and ye interpreter to Onondage forthwith 
to observe ye motions of s^* Marrecuer, and therefore have 
appointed Recorder Joh. Bleeker and Alderman David 
Schuyler, with y^ following Instructions : 

That they shall forthwith, with all speed, Prepair for 
Onondage, taking the Interpreter and other necessary at- 
tendance with them as is thought needful, and att there 
arrivall to watch ye motions of Mons. Marrecuer of Canida 
if he be come there, and to advise our five nations of In- 
dians to stand firm by there Covenant so often renewed 
with Corlaer, and further to manage as they shall think 
most Convenient. 

Albany ye 1st of June, 1701. 

May it please your honor : 

Here enclosed is a message sent from Onondage, which 
we think to be of great moment, have therefore thought re- 
quisite to dispatch the Gentlemen with ye Inclosed In- 
struction to Onondage. So Remaine your hon's most hum- 
ble servants. Was signed. Johannis Roseboom, 
Joh. Cuyler, Johannis Schuyler, 
James Weems, Joh. Abeel. 

June 10. — Verthoout Reventelyke Johannis Cuyler, hoe 
dat enige Buyren in dese stadt Albany in d parrel straet, 
aen d west syde van dien van Joh: Harmensens tot syn 
Moeders Hester weduwe van Harme Bastianse salg'r met 
Malkanderen hebben, een gemeen Rejoel, welke voor 

The City Records. 125 

desen buyten stadts postea uytwaterde, dogh comende na 
niet verder als een wynigh benoerdea gemelde Cuylers 
huys alwaer synde een gestadige waterpoel, end Kinderen 
dagelyks in gevaer van te verdrinken versoeke derhalven 
ooutmoedige dat U E. acbtb. gelieve te ordineeren dat 
gemelde Buyschap hetselve Rejoel Remedieeren dat ge- 
melde liet magh uytwateren buytende posten oflF ten min- 
sten tot aen de selve, sodanigh U E. achtb sail ordeelen 
bequaem te syn, hier op verwagtende apostille en blyve 
altyd, U E. achtb ootm. Dienaar, 

Albany^ 10 June^ 1701. Johannis Cuyler. 

The Court doe take into Consideration & fynding no 
surveyors or waymasters appointed for this citty have 
therefore Resolved and appointed Philip Freest, Abraham 
Kip & Wr. Gysbertse surveyors as afores'^, to whom each 
one y^ fynds Inconveniencyes on y^ streets or ways of ye 
Citty can addresse themselves to said persones who are to 
order ye same to be Rectifyed, which s^ persones are au- 
thorized in y^ office till y^ 14th October next. 

June 24. — Since often complaints are made by diverse 
persones for want of certain writteings or other instruments 
writt by Mr. Adriaen van Elpendam, late Notaris Publiq, 
now in hand of Mr. John van Loon, alledging that they 
can not obtain such writteings from him, y^ Gentn doe 
therefore require ye s^ John van Loon to deliver to this 
Court on ye 22d of July next, all such deeds, writteings 
and other Instruments as he hath in hands, from s^ van 
Elpendam, belonging to any Person or Persones, which he 
is in no ways to omitt dated ye day and year aforesaid. 

Att a Meeting of ye Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance in y® 
Citty Hall of Albany the 1st of July, 1701. 

It is concluded by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
that in Pursuant of ye severall Requests unto them made by 
ye Minister, Elders and Dyakens of ye Reformed Nether 
Dutch Congregation how that ye Church of Albany here in 
this Citty in ye first warde in ye Jonncker street, by seve- 
rall of the members of s^^ Congregation was built and erected 
at there owne proper Costs and Charges Ao. 1656 and 
1657, and by ye Commonality is obtained in there Charter 

126 The aty Records, 

graunted by ye late Gov. Thomas Dongan, on ye 22^ of July, 
1686, they being therefore desyreous yt ye same be released 
to them and there successors for ever, together with a 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have therefore 
for diverse Causes and other lawful Considerations them 
thereunto moving, appointed Mr. Wessel ten Broek, Mr. 
Joh. Cuyler, Mr. Johannis Roseboom, aldermen ; Jacob 
Turke, Lykas Gerritse and Joh. Harmense, assistance, to 
see a Lawfull Release Drawne in writteing, to the Minis- 
ter, Elders and Deakens and there successors, in trust of 
ye sd Nether Dutch Congregation forever, inserteing y® 
Breath and Lenth of s*^ Church, with an addition of four 
and twenty foot on ye west, and fifteen foot lenth on ye 
east end, and as broad as the Church is, and ordered y^ ye 
same shall forthwith be measured by Hend. Ooothout, ye 
sworne Surveyor, who is to return ye same under hand and 
seale, and to be recorded accordingly. 

Att a Meeting of ye Justices in ye Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 17th of July, 1701. Present: — John Johnson 
Bleeker, John Bleeker, Wessel ten Broek, Joh. Rose- 
boom, Dirk Wessels, Jan Casperse, Joh. Abeel, David 
Schuyler, Joh. Cuyler, Ryer Jacobse, Joh. Sanderse, 
Casper Leendertse. 

Whereas a Letter of the 17th June last from ye Gover. 
and Councill is produced desyreing to calkulate in an ex- 
act and true manner the number of males in each towne 
within our County who are above y® age of sixteen years 
and under the age of sixty years, and to returne ye same 
either to y« Governor or ye Ce of ye Councill, so that ye 
State and Condition of this province, as to that matter may 
be represented to his majesty. 

As also that ye Payment to y° £1000 Tax may be has- 
tened, together with ye arrears of ye £2000. In Pursuant 
to ye same it is Resolved that each Justice in his Respec- 
tive warde shall in the space of fourteen days Return or 
Cause to be Returned an exact list of the number of males 
as above expressed within ye same, unto Mr. Mayor, to- 
gether with there quotas to ye s^ £1000 tax, as also there 

The City Records. 127 

quotas to ye late Taxe of £46 for ye Citty and County of 
Albany, without delay. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 

22^ of July, 1701 : — Present, Joh. Bleeker, Job. Cuy- 

ler, David Schuyler, Johans Rosebocyn. 

Whereas on y^ 24th of June last a Resolution was taken 

requiring Mr. John van Loon this day to deliver to this 

Court all such deeds, writteings and other instruments as 

he hath in hands, of other person or persons, writt by Mr. 

Ad. V. Elpendam, which he hath omitted, it is therefore 

Resolved that a warrant be issued to sJ van Loon to appear 

at ye next Mayors, to be held on ye 5th of Aug. ensueing, 

to deliver s^ writteings according to ye late Resolution. N. B. 

Having had no opportunity to send ye s^' warrant before y^ 

5th of August, is therefore inserted in s^ warrant to appear 

on ye 2d of Sept. next. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty of Albany ye 23^ 

of July, 1701. 

It is Resolved that a warrant be issued to the fyre 
masters to goe rounde into each house where fyre is kept 
within this Citty, and wherever they fynde fyreing in un- 
convenient Houses or Backsides to cause ye same to be 
broak downe and ye owner fynde in ye sum of 6 shillings 
for ye behooffe of s'^ fyre masters, who shall emmediately 
with assistance of one or more Constables, make execution 
for ye same, that is, in case ye owner be unwilling to pay. 

July 31. — This day the Release or Conveyance of y® 
Church of Albany (which on y® 1st of this instant was ap- 
pointed to be drawne) is produced. The same after being 
perused is signed, sealed and delivered by John Johnson 
Bleeker, Esq., Mayor of this Citty, by and with advice and 
consent of the Aldermen and Common Council, to Mr. Joh.' 
Lydius, Minister of y® Gospel of y® Reformed Nether Dutch 
Congregation of y® Citty of Albany, Maj. Dirk Wessels, 
Anthony van Schaik, Hend. v. Rensselaer, and Johannis 
Abeel, present Elders, and William Clacse Groesbeek, Har- 
pert Jacobse, Gerrit van Ness, & Johannis Schuyler, present 
Dyakens of y® S^' Congregation and there successors forever. 

128 2 he City Records. 

August 8. — It is concluded that a warrant be issued to 
y® assessors of y® Citty to make an assessment of thirty 
Pounds upon all Inhabitants within this Citty, and to make 
returne of y® same in y® space of eight times four and twenty 
hours ensueing y^ date hereof, and then shall be collected 
before y® first of September next. 

Att a Meeting of Justices &c. at y® house of Mr. J. J. 
Bleeker Esq., Mayor, in y« Citty of Albany, y® 15th 
of August, 1701: — Present, John Johnson Bleeker, 
Esq , Mayor, Joh. Bleeker, Recorder, David Schuyler 
Jobs. Roseboom, Justices, Capt. James Weems, Capt., 
John Bennet, Leut. Henry Holland. 

Luykas Grerritse of y® Citty of Albany complains in the 
Behalfe of his Doghter Maria, who being yesterday after- 
noon with some Boys & Garrels opposite to this Citty of 
Albany over y® River in y® woods gathering huckelberrys, 
where she the said Doghter says to be grievously mishan- 
dled throw the hands of three souldiers, whereupon said 
Doghter was asked if she knew them souldiers. Who 
answered not by name, but beleeved she could know them 
by sight. Then Capt Weems sent for some of y® souldiers 
who (as he was informed) had yesterday afternoon been 
over y^ River, and as soon as y® s^ Doghter saw David Mc- 
Duggel, and Rob^ Anderson, sayd that they were two of the 
Persons that struggled with her. Upon which it is Re- 
solved to summon a Jury of six women to search the Body 
of said Doghter, and to see if they could fynde any syn of 
her being Ravished : upon which was summoned, 

Tryntje y** wife of Hend. Roseboom, 
Catharine y® wife of Wm. Gysbertse, 
Angeniett y® wife of John Jacobse, 
Marritje y® wife of Takel Dirkse, 
Elsie y® wife of Glerrit Lansingh, 
Susanna y® wife of Barent Bratt. 

Who were given y® following oath by Mr. Mayor : 

Ghy sweeren by den Ewigh levende Grodt dat ghy vizi- 

teeren sullen het Lichaem van Maria d Doghter van Luy 

kas Gerritse die seght vercraght te syn van enige mans 

Persoonen, en daer van ugtslagh te geven, aen my oflf ghy 

The aty Records, 129 

haer bevind sodanigh gehant harent te syn volgens uwe 
beste kenisse : So help U Grodt. 

The Jury give in there verdict y' they have according to 
oath vizited y^ Body of y® said Doghter and fynde her hard 
handled by some Persones by severall tokens of blew marks 
on her theijs, but fynde no sign of her being carnally known 
in body. 

The verdict being read to her father and other of her 
relations, them gives satisfaction that she is not bereaved 
of her virginity. 

The Punishment for attempting her body is referred to 
y® marshall law (y® Persons being Souldiers), Capt. Ben- 
nett and Leift. Holland then being present, promised to 
see them severely punished for y® same. 

At a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany y^ 
19th August, 1701. 

John Carr, Plentive, John Artcher, Defendant. The 
Plentive demands of y® Defendant by Declaration the summe 
of three Pounds tenn Shillings. The Defendant ownes y^ 

Evert Janse, Joh. Bratt, Daniel Bratt, Hend. Roseboom, 
Melki Melkertse Jun., Ph. Foreest, Isaac Verplank, Jobs, 
de Wandelaer Jun., John Rosie, Bastiaen Harmense, Joh. 
Pruyn, John Nack. 

The matter is decided in y® presence of Capt. Weems, 
who oblidges to see the s,^ £3:10 satisfyed to y® Plentive 
before y® last of October next ensuing, with all y® costs of 
sute fall to y® charge of y® Defendant. 

Att a Meeting of y« Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Com- 
mon Council, ye 25th of August, 1701. 

The assessment for £30 upon ye Citty as was concluded 
on ye 8th instant to be made, is now produced, and approved 
off, and laid 4f stuyver upon ye pound, ordered that a war- 
rant be issued to ye Collector of ye Citty to collect ye same. 

Sept. 12. — Mr. John Johnson Bleeker Esq., Mayor of ye 
Citty proposes in Common Councillye insufficientieof ye Citty 
Stodkadoes in case a warr should break out (praying God to 

13.0 The City Records, 

prevent ye same) and fjndeing y® Citty so ill prepared with 
gates and yt most of ye Stockadoes are broak down and de- 
kayed, desyreing the best method may be used for y^ better 
security of y^ same. Whereupon is Resolved y^ ye present 
Commonality doe, tomorrow morning, at Sone raise, goe 
rounde and vizite ye Insufficiency of this Citty, so that 
thereby Calculation canne be made what ye same will require 
to be made in secure and defensive Posture against" ye ap- 
proach of an enemy. 

Att a Meeting of Mayor, Alderman, Assistants and officers, 
and ye Antient Inhabitants of this Citty, the 12th of 
Sept., 1701. 

It is by ye Commonality set forth ye Condition of ye 
Cittyes Stockadoes (how they founde ye same this morning) 
and thereupon by this meeting unanimously concluded, that 
a Bargain be made with somePersones to provide a quantity 
of Two Hundred Stockadoes, in ye space of Seventheen days, 
or at ye end of this instant month (to close up the open 
places of s^ Citty's Stockadoes), for which trouble to be satis- 
fied according as ye following Gentlemen shall make agree- 
ment with ye labourers, shall be levyed by Tax out of this 
Citty. The Gentlemen to make s^ aggreement are, Mr. 
Joh. Abeel, Mr Job. Roseboom, aldermen, Mr. Garret van 
Ness, and Joh. Harmense, assistants. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
16th of Sept. 1701. 

Lawrence van Schaak vs. Abraham Janse. The Plentive 
Btill demands of Defendant by Declaration for oats sowing 
upon some certain ground at Kinderhook by ye Plentive, 
which ye Defendant hath carryed away, to ye dammage of 
Twenty Pounds, with costs of sute, &c. 

The Defendant ownes to have committed ye same, but 
alleadges that the action can not be tried at this Court, 
being it relates a title of land, and therefore graves a non- 
suite. The Court having taken the same into Consideration 
and fynding that no title of land can be tryed at this Court, 
doe therefore graunt Judgment with nonsuite against ye 
Plentive with costs of sute, &c. 

The aty Records, 131 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler alderman, and Johannis Harmense 
assistant, doe produce a List of Persons who have neglected 
to sett up these quotas of new Stockadoes on y^ south and 
north side of this Citty. 

Mr. Yerbrugh, Mynder Schuyler, Anthony van Schaik 
and Jacobus Turke appear, and make Complaint how divers 
persons arrive from New Yorke and retail marchandize 
without Lycence, contrary to ye Priviledge of our Charter, 
and to ye great disadvantage of our Inhabitants. The Court 
taken ye same into consideration and ordered that ye sheriffe 
do fynd such person or persones so offending, in ye summe 
of £1, as ye Charter directs for each offence, until such 
time they have obtained there Lycenses. 

Memorandum of Freedom to such as are not dwellers in this 

Citty or County. 

Citty of Albany : 

To all to whom these present shall come or may concern, 
Johannis Bleeker Esq., RecDrder of Albany, in ye absence 
of John Johnson Bleeker, Mayor of ye same, sends greeting : 
Whereas Roeloff van Yleck hath made application to be 
made a freeman and citizen of said Citty, these are therefore 
to Certify and Declare y' ye s^ Roeloffe van Vleck is hereby 
admitted, received & allowed a freeman and Citizen of y® s'i 
Citty, to have, hold and enjoy the use of his Trade or handy- 
craft within said Citty: Provided he Behave himselfe as oyrs 
ye Inhabitants of s^' Citty. i 

In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto sett my hand and 
caused ye Scale of this Citty to be hereunto affixed. 
Dated in Albany this 17th of September, in ye 13th 
year of his majesties reign, Ao. Do. 1701. 

Was signed, JoH. Bleeker, Recorder. 

Likewise a Lycense passed to Mrs. Margi Verplank, ye 
20th day of Sept., 1701, for £3 -, ye 15th April, 1702, re- 
newed to her husband, Mr. Collins. To Pr. Waldron and 
Hendrik Yrooman. 

^ The price paid for this naturalization seems to have been £1 4 

132 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Oitty Hall of Albany ye 
24th of Sept., 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made that severall persones 
within this Citty doe use trade or handycraft without being 
qualified as freemen to doe the same, and that on ye 27th 
of June, 1699, a list of such persons was given in, which 
by us being perused, wee have taken out ye following Per- 
sons, viz^ 

Peter Van Brugh, John Fyne, 2 

Edward Reims, ^ Joseph Janse, 

Luykas Luykasse, Jonathan Bradhorst, ^ 

William Hilton, G-errit Ryckse, 

John Carr, 2 Robert Frothy, 2 

William Hogen, 2 Job's de Wandelaer. 

Jan van Hey den, 

Are therefore of opinion that ye above, together with ye 
following persones, shall be discharged from using their 
trade or handycraft within this Citty until such time have 
obtained their Lycense : Provided them yt are born in ye 
Corporation or allready obtained Citty freedom. 

Pr. Waldron, Levinus Winne, Hend. Vrooman. 

Oct. 14. — This day being appointed by y^ Charter of this 
Citty for ye Aldermen in there respective Wards to make 
Return of ye Aldermen, Assistants, Assessors, and Consta- 
bles, who return as follows : 

In the First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Schuyler, Jacob Turke, 

David Schuyler, Luykas Gerritse. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Anthony Coster, Jean Rosie. 

William van Ale. 

Harmanus Wendel, Collector. 

The Second Ward. 
Aldermen, Assistants. 

Johannis Roseboom, Johannis Harmense. 
Johannis Cuyler, Johannis Beekman. 

^Lycence to Retaile Liquors. ^ Lycense. 

J he City Records. 133 

Assessors. Constable. 

Abraham Schuyler, Nicholas Blake. 
Gysbert Marselis. 

Stephanus G-roesbeek, Collector. 

The Third Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Wessel ten Broek, Johannis Mingael 

Johaunis Abeel, Harpert Jacobse. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Evert Janse, Pieter Waldron. 

Frederik Harmense. 

Jacobus Schuyler, Collector. 

Anthony Bratt, Treasurer. 

For CanaMageone. 
Jan Ouderkerke, Assessor, Lupyen, Constable. 
Maes Ricksie, Eldert Ouderkerke, Path Masters 

For y^ Hcdf Moon. 

Jan van Ness, Assessor. Cornells van Ness, Constable. 
Ruth Meigertse, High Constable. 

Att a meeting of ye Justices in y« Citty Hall ye 1 ith of 

October, 1701. 

In obedience to y^ Resolution made in ye last Court of 
Sessions, on ye 7th of this Instant, Peter Coeyman doth 
appear, and alleadges that Hendrik Dow, ye late Constable, 
in y® Colony of Rensselaerswyk omitted to give warning unto 
severall Inhabitants in said Colony, to appear and make 
choice in y® late Election primo June last for Assessors, 
Constable and Collector, to the s'' Peter Coeymans disad- 
vantage of so being chosen as Constable, notwithstanding 
by y® Perusal of y® Poll it is found that s'^' Coeyman is by 
majority of votes chosen Constable for s'^ Colony; therefore 
wee are of opinion that s*^ Coeyman is to officiate the office 
of Constable for s^ Colony during y® present year, and that 
Hend. Dow y® late Constable, for so neglecting in giving 
warning to all and severall y® Inhabitants of s"* Colony shall 

Aiuiah iv. 12 

134 The City Records. 

forfeit as a fjne y® summe of twenty shillings for the behooffe 
of ye Sheriffe of y« Citty and County of Albany. 

Att a Meeting of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty 
ye 6th of November, 1701 

Johannis Bleeker, Esq., Mayor of y^ Citty of Albany, 
produces his Commission for Mayor, etc., and read to y^ 
Aldermen and Commonality ; says to have taken ye Oath 
in New Yorke to ofl&ciate ye office depending on s<i Com- 
mission, whereupon Capt. John Johnson Bleeker, y^ late 
Mayor, delivers unto ye present Mayor y« following writte- 
ings, which unto y^ said late Mayor were by y^ Common- 
ality intrusted, viz^ : 

Copy of ye Patent for ye Colony Rennselaerswyck, bear- 
ing date ye 4th of November, 1685. 

The Charter of ye Citty of Albany dated ye 22^ of July, 

The Transport of Peter van Brugh, dated ye 23'^ of 
November, 1697. 

Together with a Dutch and English patent thereof, form- 
erly to his father, Jobs, van Brugh. 

The Patent of Schahkook dated ye 29th of March, 1698, 
together with Transport of ye same, from Hendk. van 
Rensselaer dated ye 8th of August, 1699. 

It is Resolved by ye Mayor, Aldermen, and Common- 
ality yt whomsoever of s^ authority as shall neglect or 
delay to appear on certain hours as shall be appointed, 
after ye warning given, shall forfeit ye summe of six shil- 
lings for each time so neglected, and in case of refusal in 
paying such fine, shall be lawful for ye sheriffe to strain ye 
same upon there goods and chatties before ye then next 
meeting, as also y^ ye aldermen doe lay under s^" fyne in 
case they neglect to appear timely on ye certain Mayors 
Courts, or depart ye Citty the morning when said Court 
shall be held. 

Nov. 11. Mr. Johannis Lydius minister, Anthony van 
Schaick and Hendk. van Rensselaer elders, in ye behalfe 
of the Church Wardens of ye Reformed Netherdutch Con- 
gregation of Albany, doe appear and verbally sett forth 
how yt in Collecting of money for ye Ministers Sallary 

The City Records. 135 

severall of said Cono-regation do refuse to contribute any 
more thereto, alleadgeing that they have no settled place 
in y« Church to sett on and hear ye word of God. 

Doe therefore Request that y« Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality will be pleased to permit them to appoint 
persones to goe round by y Inhabitants of this Citty and 
others in ye County belonging to said Congregation, to see 
what money can be voluntarily procured for y^ enlargeing 
of said Church for y® more accommodation. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality taking y^ above 
request into Consideration, doe graunt y^ same, Provided 
such summe or summes of money as so shall be procured 
be employed for y- use aforesaid and none else. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality bave appointed 
y^ following persones as fyre masters of y^ Citty for ye 
ensueing year, viz' : Ryer Gerritse, Thomas Williams, 
Abraham Kip, Elbert Gerritse, Thomas Harmense, and 
Gerrit Ryckse, who are once in each three weeks till y*^ 
14th of October next ensueing, to goe rounde with y*^ assist- 
ance of one or more Constables, and vew each house or 
room where fyre is held, and wherever a Chimney shall 
be founde too foul or fyre keep in uncouvenient places, to 
cause the same to be removed the owner paying as a fyne 
3s. for ye behooffe of ye fyre masters : who are also ap- 
pointed y^ way masters within y^ limitation of the Citty. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler alderman, Johannis Beekman assist- 
ant, are appointed to inquire by the Citty Treasurer what 
there is still due of y® late Taxes and Lycence money, and 
to make return the same to Mr. Mayor within the space of 
three days. 

It is concluded that a proclamation be made that no per- 
son shall sell strong Liquor by Retaile without Lycence, 
upon pain and penalty of forfeiting ye summe of £5, ac- 
cording to act of assembly. 

As also that ye fyre leathers and hooks be laid by y« 
Church, and whosoever as shall presume to use ye same un- 
less in distress of fyre, shall forfeit y« summe of 3s as often 
as they shall be used, for ye Behooffe of ye Sheriffe, who 
is to take care of ye same. 

It is concluded yt ye following persons, viz' : Johannis 
Abeel, Johannis Roseboom, Aldermen, Johannis Harmense 

136 The City Records. 

and Harp^ Jacobse, Assistants, be appointed to vew y^ 
Stockadoes lately brought by Tierk Harmense &c., whether 
ye same be sufficient and according to agreement, and to 
make returne of y^ same unto Mr. Mayor in y^ space of 
three times twenty four houres ensueing ye date hereof. 

Oct. 15. — Pursuant to y® resolution taken y« 11th of 
November Instant, Alderman Johannis Cuyler and Johs. 
Beekiuan Assistant, doe return y' y** most part of y^ Taxes 
and Lycences are still standing out. 

And whereas on y® 10th of October 1699, an order was 
drawn upon Capt. K. van Rensselaer, for £13:11, as also 
an other order upon Pr. Yosburgh and Jan Tysen for 
£15:17:1, to be paid unto Hend. van Rensselaer, which 
orders wee y® Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality being un- 
.certain whether they are accepted off by y® Persones upon 
whom they are drawne as aforesaid, doe therefore appoint 
Mr. Joh. Cuyler, alderman, Harp' Jacobse assistant, to in- 
quire and make end of the matter, in order thaty^s'^ Hend. 
van Rensselaer be charged for ye same. 

Aldermen Johannis Abeel & Joh. Roseboom, Johannis 
Harmense & Harp' Jacobse assistant, pursuant to y® Reso- 
lution of y® other side, doe returne as that they fynde y^ 
Citties Stockadoes delivered by Tierke Harmense, &c., ac- 
cording to agreement. 

Nov. 17. — The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality, con- 
sidering the great neglect of diverse Inhabitants in not 
setting up their quotas of Stockadoes, on y® south and 
north side of this Citty, according to order, by proclamation 
on y^ 20th of May, 1701, have therefore Resolved that a 
warrant be issued to the Sheriffe to strain the summe of 3s. 
upon y® goods and chattells of such person or persones for 
each Stockadoe so neglected, according to y® List given in 
by Mr. Joh. Cuyler and Joh. Harmense, on y* 16th of Sept. 
last, who were thereto appointed, provided y® overplus be 
returned to y owner. 

It is further Resolved y' another warrant be issued to 
y® Sheriffe or any of y® Constables, to collect y® arrears of 
y*^ severall Taxes on this Citty, lately given out according 
to y® assessments thereof, and whoever as shall be founde 
unwilling or neglecting to pay there quotas, to strain 
y® same with Costs upon there goods and chattels, the over- 

The aty Records. 137 

plus to be returned to y® owners, and that in y® space of 
48 hours ensuino; y^ date hereof. 

It is Resolved by ye Mayor, Aldermen, Commonality and 
the other gentlemen present, that y® Citty Stockadoes 
lately brought by Tierk Harmense, &c., be forthwith sett 
up in needful places of y^ Citty walls, whereto Mr. David 
Schuyler alderman, Jacobus Turke assistant, is appointed 
to agree at y^ cheapest rate with some litt persones forthwith 
to sett up the same in such needful Place or Places as shall 
be ordered them by s'^' Jacobus Turke, who is appointed 
overseer thereof with reasonable allowance for said duty ; 
further, that Mr. Mayor is allowed to pay y^ charges out of 
y® first money. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty flail of Albany, 
y® 25th of November, 1701. 

Patrick McGregory appears and humbly requests to be 
admitted one Carman for this Citty. The Court taken 
y® same into Consideration doe graunt y" same : Provided 
he first takes out his Citty freedom. 

Att a Meeting of y® Mayor, Alderman and Commonality, 
ye 25th of Nov., 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made y^ diverse Inhabitants doe 
refuse to pay such summe or summes of money as 
they are indebted to y® 2 pr ct upon Indian goods, and ^d 
upon each gallon Rom graunted by act of assembly to y® 
Citty of Albany and County, to defray their necessary [ex- 
penses], which goods and Rom being landed and received 
in there houses before y® Determination of s^ act, which 
expired 1st July last. The Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monality, after viewing of said act, take it into considera- 
tion that such Person or persones must pay y*^ money so 
indebted and thereto ordered y® City Treasurer to goe rounde 
and collect y® same, and in case such person or persones 
doe refuse to pay such debts, if under 40s. to summonse 
them before any Justice, if above 40s. to sue for y® same at 
y® next Mayor's Court. Moreover Jacob Turke and Hart^ 
Jacobse assistants, are appointed to assist said Treasurer. 

138 The City Records. 

The Sheriffe, Jonathan Broadhurst, produces an account 
of £4:12:6, for householdship lost, which he by order of y® 
Mayor and Aldermen had delivered in y® Leiv^ Grov. lodge- 
ing in y® fort last July, desyreing an order upon y® Trea- 
surer for y^ same ; which is approved off, together with an 
account of Mr. Abeel for £3:19:3, to be paid by y« Citty 
and County. Also, an account of Wm. Hogen for 15s. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have appointed 
Mr- Johannis Abeel, David Schuyler and Wessel ten Broek, 
aldermen, Luykas Gerritse, Joh. Harmense, and Joh. Beek- 
man, assistants, to view and make up y® Oitty and Countyes 
accounts, from y® 14th of October Ao 1700, to y« 14th of 
October Ao 1701, and to make return of y® same on y® next 
Mayor's Court. 

Nov. 29.— The Ratelwatch, Jo. Bateliffe and Rob^ Bar- 
rett, doe continue Ratelmen for y® ensuing year, from y® 
29th of Nov. 1701 to ye 29th of Nov. 1702, according to 
y® last agreement on y® 26th of Nov. 1700, for £24 and 80 
load fyre wood, y® money to be paid quarterly; the watch 
they are to hold in y« Burger Blockhouse, on y® Parrel 
street. Ordered that a warrant be issued to y® assessors to 
make an assessment of £30 and 80 load of wood, to be laid 
upon y® inhabitants of this Citty, and to deliver said assessr 
ment to Mr. Mayor next Mayor's Court. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y® Citty Hall of Albany, y® 
9th of December, 1701. 
Anthony Bratt Treasurer versus Claes Ripse van Dam. 
The plentive demands by declaration the summe of £4:7:6 
for 350 gallons Rom, entered by y® said defendant on y® 
23d June last, due to said Citty and County, for Imposition, 
as by an act of Assembly expired ye first of July then fol- 
lowing. The Defendant denyes ye debt, alleadging yt ye 
said act was expired before ye Rom was consumed. The 
Jury called and sworne, viz^, Wm. Claese, Anthony van 
Schaick, Elbert Gerritse, Jacob Bogart, Johannis Claese, 
Johannis Luykase, Levinus Winne, Wm. v^an x\le, Cornelis 
Schermerhoorn, Johannis Lansingh, WilHam Gysbertse, 
Takel Dirkse; who went out, and came in, gave a verdict 
that they fynde ye Defendant not obliged to pay for what 

The City Records. 139 

Eom he had at ye expiration of s^ act. The Court doe ap- 
prove of y« verdict. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hali of Albany 
ye 15th December, 1701. 

Mr. Mayor proposes desyring y® opinion of y® Common- 
ality if it is not requisite to issue a warrant to y® assessors 
to make an assessment for as many stoekadoes as will re- 
quire to fortifye y® Citty with y® new stoekadoes sett up 
this summer. The Commonality are of opinion that it may 
be referred till y^ post arrives from New Yorke, which will 
be about new years day, alleadging that perhaps wee may 
receive assured news of y« continuation of peace, when it 
will not so necessarily require so great a reparation in one 

The assessors have made an assessment for y® Ratelwatch 
of money and fyre wood, being produced by Mr. Mayor, is 
approved off, and ordered that a warrant be issued to y® 
Collector to collect y® same. 

Further Resolved that warning be sent to y® Justices in 
y® County to appear in y® Citty Hall, on y® 29th of this in- 
stant, in y® morning at 9 o'clock, there to make up y® Citty 
County's accounts. 

Nov. 29. — Nine members of the Court met pursuant to 
the foregoing resolution, and adjourned to the first Tues- 
day in February on account of the absence of some of the 
country members. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
20th of January, ITOJ. 

This day appeared before this Court Mr. John van Loon, 
and hath delivered into the office all such papers as he hath 
in his hands writt by Mr. Adriaen van Elpendam relateing 
ye publick, and thereby declared upon oath that he had no 
more such in his custody. 

Att a Common Council held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, 
ye 2d of February, 1701. 

It is concluded by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
that part of y^' Citty be now repaired with stoekadoes, viz^, 
on y*^ north side of ye Citty from ye east side of ye Burger 

140. The City Records, 

Blockhouse, wliere ye new stockadoes ends, round by y^ 
main guarde to y^ gate called Moj'^ealties poert, for which 
end Johannes Beekman and Johannis Thomase, assistants, 
are appointed forthwith to calculate what quantity of stock- 
adoes will require to fill up ye same ; which persones do re- 
turn Eight hundred. Ordered that a warrant be issued to 
the assessors to make an assessment upon y^ Inhabitants of 
this Citty for yo same, and to returne their assessment under 
hand and scale, to Mr. Mayor, in y® space of twice 24 
hours. The stockadoes are to be of smove pinne barke, 13 
foot long, and one foot at y® small end. 

Feb. 4. — The assessors have returned there assessment for 
ye Citty stockadoes, laid upon ye Inhabitants as annexed 
and concluded and resolved that warning be given to each 
respective inhabitant by ye Constable or Constables, to ride 
there quotas, as by ye Tax List doth appear to y® north 
side of y^ Citty, on heaps between ye Burger Blockhouse 
and ye north east point of ye Citty wall, behynde ye widow 
Schuyler's, and that in y^ time of this instant month, and 
however as shall be neglecting to ride their quotaes in ye 
time aforesaid, shall forfeit a fyne of two shillings and 
three peace for each stockadoe not so ride, and still obliged 
forthwith to fulfill there quota. Moreover that each in- 
habitant are to mark there stockadoes. 

Albany, ye 21st of Feb. 170i 
A Proclamation proclaimed that all persons within this 
Citty and County doe cause there weights and measures be 
adjusted by Coenraet ten Eyck, in y<^ space of six months, 
upon pain of forfeiting ye sum of sixty shillings ; and who- 
ever as shall send bags to ye mill with Corn without ye 
owners mark forfeits y^ bags for y® behoofie of ye and 

sheriffe ; ye s^^ Coenraet is sworne this day Eyk master, who 
is allow for ye stamp on weights IcZ, and on y® schepel 9^7. 

February 21 — Whereas Mr. Johannis Abeel, Johannis 
Schuyler and Johannis Cuyler, in ye late sessions were ap- 
pointed to enquire why ye eighteen pounds by ye Justice of 
Catskill and Coxhacky's warde contributed to ye Citty and 
County's charges from ye 14th of Oct. to y® 14th Oct. 
is so much neglected to be paid, and to determine y® same, 
who do returne report that they proceeded in y® matter and 
desyred y® s ' Justices and Collector to appear and answer 

The City Records. 141 

gd neglect, who doe not appear, onljy® Collector, who pays 
£3 :12, and says that y^ fault for not collecting y« rest of 
y® money lays in y® Justice, who forbid him to pro- 
ceed. The Commonality taken ye same into consideration, 
are unanimously of opinion that a warrant be forthwith is- 
sued to yt* Sheriffe to attach DirkTeunise and Jean Casperse, 
to appear before our next Inferior Court, and answer to 
what Complaints as shall be given against them. 

Att a Meeting of the Justices of the Citty and County of 
Albany, y« 7th of March, 170 J — Present, Johannis 
Bleeker, Johannis Abeel, Wessel ten Broek, Johannis 
Roseboom, Johannis Cuyler, Dirk Teunise, Gerrit 
Teunise, Peter Vosburgh, John Casperse, Justices. 

Whereas wee and the rest of the Justices of this Citty 
and County, being by y® SherifiPe of this Citty and County 
summoned, as to have refused or delayed to take care that 
y *^quota or proportion of y*^ £2000 Tax, and y® quota or 
proportion of y® £1000 Tax, raised by act of Geueral As- 
sembly of this Province, be paid unto y® hands of y® Collec- 
tor and Receiver General; as also in another order to 
transmitt to y® Gov. or y® Clerk of y'^ Councill of this Pro- 
vince y^ number of males in each respective Citty and 
Township within y® s^ County, above y® age of 16 and un- 
der y® age of 60 years, and therefore to appear before 
y^ Gov. and Councill on y® breaking upof y® ice in y® River 
in y^ Spring next, to answer y^same. 

Wee have therefore inquired in ye matter, and fynde that 
ye quota to ye £2000 Tax being for this County £120, is 
raised, collected and paid to Mr. Hend. Hanse, then Mayor, 
and that by an account under his hand ye said £126 is 
transmitted to S. V. Cortlandt, in his lifetime Receiver 
General, having yet over and above said summe in hand, 
£2:18:0, and 4 schepels somer Tarwe, or wheat, as by s^^ 
account doth appear, and therefore of opinion in case said 
Mr. Hanse doth not pay what money he hath still in hand 
due to s ' Tax before ye going off of y^ first sloop, that then 
y- Gov. and Councill may be acquainted with ye same. 
N. B. They demand still £4:15:10. 

As to ye county's quota to y- £1000 Tax being £60, which 
is almost paid in, it is resolved yt ye rest thereof shall be 

142 The City Records, 

paid unto Mr. Johannis Bleecker yf present mayor forth- 
with, before any sloop goe off, and whoever Justice or Jus- 
tices as shall neglect to pay their full quotaes towards the 
same, to complain of him to y^ Gov. and Councill. 

As to ye list of Males within this County, as required, 
was delivered in hands of Capt. John Jolmson Bleeker, late 
mayor, then going down to New Yorke, says to have given 
them over with his own hands to Mr. Cozins, clerk of y^ 

It is further Resolved, that for y^ future Taxes laid upon 
ye Citty and County, the warrants to be issued shall be 
signed by ye Justices of ye Citty and County, provided ye 
Justices of ye County are to appear in Albany at ye signing 
thereof; also that all quotaes or agreements whatever, by ye 
County Justices, each in his respective warde, as shall be 
due from time to time, are obliged to pay ye same to y® 
Justices in ye Citty. 

William, by ye Grace of God of England, Scotland, France, 
and Ireland, King, Defender of ye Faith, &c.. Greeting : 
You are hereby commanded to collect all such arrears of 
Taxes as are still behynde hand, and due to ye King and 
County from ye warde of Catskill and Coxhacky, and who- 
ever as shall be founde neglecting or unwilling to pay there 
arrears of such Taxes, to strain ye same upon there goods and 
catles, ye overplus to be restored to ye owner; in doeing 
whereof this shall be your sufficient warrant. Given in 
Albany ye 9th of March, in ye 13th year of his Majesty's 
reign, annoq Do. 170J. 

To William Janse. 

Constable and Collector of Catskill and JoHANNIS BlEEKER, 
Coxhacky to tte served forthwith. ^ . ' 

JoH. Abeel, 
' JoH. Schuyler, 
joh. cuyler, 
joh. roseboom, 
Wessel ten Broek, 


Gerrit -f- Teunisse, 


David Schuyler, 
Dirk Teunisse, 
Jan Casperse, 


The City Records. 143 

Att a meeting of y« Mayor, Alderman and Common Coun- 
cill in Albany, the 31st of March, 1702. 

It is Eesolved that a Proclamation be made to Ring; ye 
hogs belonging to this Citty, in there noses, in ye space of 
thrice 24 hours, upon penalty of forfeiting ye same, as also 
that each Inhabitant doe remove there fyre wood from ye 
streets, and to lay y^ timber wood together, before y- first 
of May next ensueing, upon penalty of forfeiting for each 
day after primo May not so removed, y- summe of three 
shillings, and that ye Constables be not neglecting by turns 
to goe round and see that ye Sabbath day be not Broak, 
which proclamation is accordingly proclaimed. N. B. Y^ 
fynes herein contained are to be for ye behooffe of y® She- 

Capt. James Weems presents to y® Hon. Coll. Peter Schuy- 
ler, one of His Maj. Honorable Councill fory^ Province 
of New Yorke, &c., and to y® worshipful y^ Mayor and 
Aldermen of the Citty of Albany, y« present State and 
Condition of His Maj's Souldiers posted in this garrison 
of Albany, viz^ 

Gentlemen : 

The good of his maj's Service, together with your own 
Interest and Security, doth oblige me in behalfe of his maj's 
Companies posted here and at Schenectady, to let you know, 
that it is now seventheen weeks since any subsistence has 
been remitted to them, and am now at my last shifts, wh' 
course to take for y® supporting of them, having already 
advanced every penny I had, and pawned both moveables 
and credit as far as it will goe, for there Kelieffe before I 
would be troublesome to you, and hitherto to a wonder nei- 
ther outrage or damage has been done to any of his maj's 
Subjects^ by either garrison, tho at present to my certain 
knowledge, many of y® souldiers are reduced to Bread and 
water; and Gentlemen it is altogether out of my power to 
assist either officer or souldiers, having already done to the 
utmost of my power for his maj's Service, so that it now 
remains only in you gentlemen to take our Case into your 
serious Consideration, and see what is most expedient i'ur 
his maj's Interest and the present support of both garrisons, 

144 The City Records. 

until some other can be taken wliich is all I can offer or 
say but that I am, 


Your most humble servant, 
Albany, March y^ 27th, 1702. James Weemms. 

In pursuant of y^ above Eemonstrance y® mayor, alder- 
men aud assistants have resolved to ask Joh. Groenendyk 
if he would be pleased to deliver y^ first quarters rent of y® 
accise, being £42:10, expired y® 28th of February last, 
towards y® payment of y® garrison, and that Coll. Schuyler 
Capt. Weems and y® S' mayor, aldermen and assistants 
would give bond to indemnify him, who after a Considera- 
tion condescended to y® matter, provided that an assignment 
of Kichard Hill on Capt. Bennett, being £3, should therein 
be axcepted as part of payment, and in ease any dammage 
should accrue on y® persons so signing yt y^ Citty should 
be lay able to satisfye y® same. 

Att a meeting of y® Justices in y® Cittv Hall of Albany y® 
31st of March, 1702. 

In pursuant to y® late summonse from Gouverneur and 
Gouncill as entered on y« 7th Instant, it is concluded that 
Mr. Johaniiis Cuyler j^^.sq., alderman, shall in y- behalfe of 
y- rest of y^' Justices for y- Citty and County of Albany, 
addresse himselfe to his honor ye governeur and Gouncill to 
ask their pardon in neglecting the former orders, as also 
that he shall take along to New Yorke y^ remainder of ye 
£2000 Tax, being £4:15:10; likewise ye Citty and County 
quota to y £1000 Tax, being £60, or as much as shall be 
ready, to deliver ye same to his maj'es Collector and Re- 
ceiver Genii for ye Province of New Yorke, together with a 
letter to the governeur. 

Att a meeting of ye Mayor and Alderman of ye Citty of 
Albany, ye 28th of April, 1702. 

This day Joh. Groenendyk produces a Deputation to re- 
cieve his maj'es quit rents in this County and Ulster, and 

The aty Records, 145 

hatli under oath faithfull to doe y^ same, together with y^ 
oath of aleadgence and supremicy, signing y^ Test and asso- 

The Mayor proposes ye setting up of y^ Citty Stockadoes. 
It is first concluded y' y^ Constables in there respective 
wards shall goe rounde and appoint each inhabitant to show 
him there stockadoes, which they were taxed to ride, and 
that then each warde shall sett up there stockadoes so taxed, 
beginning with y*^ first warde on Monday ye 8^ of May next, 
then y ' 2'^i and 3^i warde. 

May 6. — Agreed with Mr. Cuyler, Joh. Beekman, and 
Melgert Melgertse, to sharp squair and sett up in good 
order y? new stockadoes, Ride by ye Inhabitants for y^ 
Citty, on y*^ place appointed on y" north side of y^ Citty, 
alvso to close ye places left open y^ last year, wherefore they 
are to have for each Stockadoe so sett up, six pence cur- 
rant money. And that an assessment be laid on y- Inhabit- 
ants, are raised for that purpose forthwith, and y^ ye old 
Stockadoes doe remain to y- Citty. 

May 20th. — The assessors having returned there assess- 
ment of £20:5:6, which is by Mr. Mayor produced, and 
by y^ Gommonality approved, doe order that warrant be 
forthwith issued to y^ assessors for ye speedy collecting of 
y® same, in y® space of six dayes ensueing y® date hereof. 

May 30. — Whereas Complaints are made that severall 
Persones inhabiting within this county doe very much di- 
minish y® Eights and Priviledges of this Citty, by Trade- 
ing with Indians in y® County, contrary to y® Charter of 
the Citty, it is therefore concluded that Wessel ten Broek, 
Johannis Cuyler and David Schuyler, aldermen, doe on 
Monday next, being y® first of June, convein and vizite y® 
Charter of said Citty, and order a warrant to be drawne, as 
the said Charter directs, as-ainst such Tradeino; in v^ said 

The Proclamation for y® Indian Trade is made and or- 
dered to be published, as formerly, only altered y® fine for 
y® receipt of Indians into y® houses, that it shall be upon 
each Indian or Squae, and that all y® tines are for y® be- 
hooff"e of ye Commonality one-third, and for y® SheriflPe two- 
thirds, to sue for y® same ; excepting y^ y® fine for Trading 
on y® Sabbath day, which is for such as shall sue for y® same. 

Annals, iv. 13 

146 Ihe City Becords. 

Moreover there is inserted that no Indians shall be Ride 
or brought nearer than j® upward Indian house, upon pen- 
alty of forfeiting nine shillings for y® behooffe of y® Sheriffe. 
This is published y« S*^ of June, is as follows. 

[Here follows a proclamation very similar to those on p. 
108, vol. ii, and pp. 13, 14, vol. iii, of Annals, 1st ed.] 

It is further concluded, y^ each Inhabitant shall King 
there hoggs in there noses, to prevent damage in y® (Com- 
mons, as also to remove there Fyre Wood from y® Streets y^ 
in y^ space of Eight Days ensueing y® Date thereof, upon 
penalty of forfeiting such hoggs not Ringed, and fire wood, 
for y^ behoofi'e of y^ High Sheriffe of y® said ( itty and 
County, who is to sue for y® same. 

Given in Albany y® 30 day of May, in y® 14th year of 
his majesties Reign, Ao Do 1702. God Save The King. 

June 3. — Leiv Matthew Schanks, Henry Holland, and 
Richard Brewer, officers of his maj'es Garrison posted at Al- 
bany, doe appear in Common Councill and sett forth how 
that the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of the Citty of New 
Yorke, in consideration of his maj^s signall favors to this 
Province, in sending over such number of forces for y^ de- 
fence of said Province, have graunted unto y® Officers and 
Souldiers posted in his maj'es fort at New Yorke; doe 
therefore desire that this Commonality will take y® same 
into there consideration, and admitt y** Officers and Soul- 
diers now belonging to y® companies posted at Albauy 
aforesaid in like manner there freedom of this Citty. 

The above desire is taken in Consideration, and doe 
adjourn this Common Councill till towards y® evening at 
one half hour sonne. 

In ye evening y® Common Council being conveined, Mr. 
Mayor desyres that it may be again adjourned for eight 
days longer, which by y^ Recorder being put to y® vote, the 
major votes are that the matter desyred may be answered 
as well now as over eight days, and therefore are of opinion 
that y® Common Councill doe proceed. 

Whereupon y® Recorder desyres the opinion of y ^Com- 
mon Councill whether y® officers and souldiers posted here 
at Albany shall be admitted freemen of this Citty, and how. 

The major votes are of opinion that there freedom be 
graunted gratis, and that y® mayor, recorder and aldermen 

The City Records. 147 

or y® mayor or any three aldermen, doe administer unto 
them the oath of a freeman, and graunt them certificates 
thereof under the Seale of the Citty, and tliat the Town 
Gierke register there names as freemen accordingly, any 
former Law to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, the 
18th of August, 1702. 

Upon y® request of Coll. Peter Schuyler in y® behalfe of 
his Mother, Mrs. Margaret Schuyler, on y^ 16th instant a 
warrant was issued to y® Sheriffe to fetch y® negroe Tarn, 
belono-ins: to Claes van Bockhorne ? who is accused to 
have received severall goods and money from the two negroe 
women of said Mrs. Schuyler, who have taken y® same from 
her, whereupon y® said negroe Tam appears here, and being 
examined confesses to have received money from y® said 
negroe woman, but hath sometime thereafter delivered y® 
same to y® negroe of Johannis Beekman, y® Court are thereof 
of opinion, since he hath returned said money that he or his 
master shall be pay the Charges fallen thereon, in the 
meantime the said negroe shall remain y® custody of y® She- 
riffe till such time he hath received satisfaction. 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Albany 
the 18th of August, 1702. 

It is proposed by the Recorder that his Excellency My 
Lord Cornbury, observing y^ Gutter from y® Spring water 
into y® fort well decayed, offers in case y® Inhabitants will 
provide wood sufficient, his excellency then will be at the 
charge to bore y® same, in order that a lasting gutter may 
be laid before y® foundation of y® fort wall there be built. 
This being taken into Consideration, the Commonality are 
unanimously of Opinion, and thereupon Resolve to deliver 
such wood to y® use aforesaid from y® spring through y® fort, 
and as far as y® east bounds of the said fort, having appointed 
Johannis Abeel, Recorder, and Job. Schuyler, alderman, to 
endeavor and agree with my lord to have y® wood bored and 
laid so far as aforesaid Resolved, and further for s<^ persones 

148 The City Records, 

appointed to agree with some fitt person or persones to 
Ride said wood at y^ cheapest Rate. 

Resolved that a Tax of one hundred pounds be laid upon 
y^ Corporation, and that a warrant be issued to y« assessors 
to make an estimation of y® Estates within said Corporation, 
and to return y® same under there hands and seales in y® 
space of three times twenty-four hours, and then said assess- 
ment be collected by ye Collector before y« first of Sept., 1702. 

Aug. 26. — The assessors have, according to a warrant of 
ye 18th instant, delivered to Mr. Mayor an estimation of the 
Estates within this Corporation, which is now by Mr. Mayor 
here produced, amounting y^ 

1st warde to, - - - - £2652 
2d warde, -' - - - - 1958 

3d warde, - ... 1294 


Whereupon is Resolved and laid upon each pounde four 
pence half penny, and ordered that a warrant be issued to 
ye Collector to collect y^ same, in ye space of five days, or 
before primo September next ensueing. 

It is further Resolved, fynding ye Citty Stockadoes so 
much out of Repair, and y- Gates all lying open, that Mr. 
Johannis Abeel shall forthwith employ persones to make 
and fix up y<^ Gates of said Citty in good order, before yt 
ye Stockadoes can be orderly closed, and that Mr. Mayor 
and Alderman Schuyler, Alderman Roseboom, and Luykas 
Gerritse, shall supply materials to close ye Gardine or Citty 
fence, where Creeks run throw ye same. 

Aug. 29. — It is Resolved that the Superior Officers of 
this Citty shall give warning to the Inhabitants of there 
Companies, viz^ : The Troops under Command of Capt. 
Schuyler, and y^ other two Companies under Command 
Capt. Wessel ten Broek and Capt. Myndt Schuyler, and 
to each other men and wedows of this Citty, not under 
command of Companies, to appear on Monday next, being 
ye 31st instant, in ye morning at 6 a clock, at such place or 
places as ye officers shall cause to be warned, then and 
there to repair the Citty walls, upon penalty of forfeiting 
ye summe of 6s. currant money. 

The aty Records.. 149 

Sept. 2. — Ordered that the following Proclamation be 
proclaimed, viz' : By authority aforesaid, and Justices of 
ye County. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas wee are sencible of ye dayly visitations of 
Almighty Grod to our neighbours of New Yorke, with great 
sicknesse and sudden death, altho lesse punishment than 
they or wee have deserved, yet not to withstand y^ hand 
of Almighty, but as much as in us lyes to shune any ill 
distemper, wee, the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, and Com- 
monality, and Justices, doe hereby Publish and Prohibite 
that no Person or Persones, either with Sloop, Boat, Canoe 
or other Yessell, shall from hence depart to New Yorke, 
except it be an Expresse, and that no person or persons shaH 
in like manner, or any other way, come from New Yorke to 
this Citty, nearer than y Island called Bearen Island, twelve 
miles to ye south of this Citty, and there to remain till fur- 
ther order from us, and also that no wolling goods be landed 
from ye sloop or vessell of Peter Bogardus late arrived, or 
any other vessells that arrives, as they will answer to ye 
contrary on there outmost perill. 

Sept. 15. Mr. Hendrik Roseboom, Sexton of this Citty, 
appears in Common Councill and desyres they will be pleased 
to confirm him in that office, which being taken in considera- 
tion, is granted him according to his former authorization. 

Sept. 18. It is Concluded that Hend. Roseboom be paid 
out of ye late Tax of £100 for his Services ye late year ex- 
pired primo August last, - - £10 

To Turk Harmense, - - - 5 : 16 : 9 
ToDirkvanderHeyden, - - - 18 : 9 : 9 
To Rob^ Livingston Junior, - - 10 
To Anthony Bratt, - - - 5 

. To James Parker, . . - 5 
To Mrs. Marg^ Schuyler ye whole what is due to 
her, having appointed Mr. Johannis Cuyler, 
and Robi Livingston Jr., and Anthony Bratt to 
ballance her account. 

150 The City Records, 

Att a Meeting of ye Justices of y^ Citty and County of 
Albany, j^ 21 September, 1702 : — Present, Jobannis 
Bleeker, Jobannis Abeel, Jobannis Cuyler, Jobannis 

Dirk van der Heyden appears and informs tbat bis Broyr 
in law, Pawlus Miller, being in tbis County, is informed of 
ye late Proclamation against any persones from New Yorke 
to come nearer tbis Citty tban Bearen Island, tberefore 
bumbly makes application to be permitted into tbis Citty. 
Tbe Justices are of opinion, since bis Excell. my Lord Corn- 
bury is dayly expected, tbat said Paulus Miller sball re- 
main tbere in y« County wbere be now is, till bis Excel- 
lency's arrival bere. 

- Leivt Henry Holland makes application to y^ Mayr, Re- 
corder & Alder'n, tbat tbey will be pleased to appoint two 
persones to take an Inventory of ye Estate of Edward Reime s 
late Souldier under Command of Capt. Weems, and free- 
man of tbis Citty, deceased, wbo accordingly bave appointed 
Jobannis Groenendyk and Rob^ Livingston Junior to take 
Inventory of y^ s^ Estate, and appraise y^ same. 

Sept. 22. Ordered tbat ye following warrant be entered, 
viz^ : 

Citty of Albany : Anne by tbe grace of God of England, 
Scotland, France and Ireland, Queen, Defender of tbe Faitb, 
&c., to ye Sberiffe of ye Citty and County of Albany or bis 
Deputy, greeting : Wee command you, tbat since wee are 
informed y^ severall persones do presume contrary to ye late 
Proclamation to come witbin y° limits of s^ proclamation, y^ 
all persons tbat bave entered witbin ye s'^' limitation or 
wbatsoever person or persones as bereafter sball enter witbin 
ye same, to take sucb person or persones into your custody, 
tbere to remain until sucb time tbey give sufficient security 
for tbere appearance to answer tbat contempt at ye tben 
next Court of Sessions, wberein you are in no ways to omitt. 
Dated in Albany tbis 22d of Sept. in ye first year of ber 
maj's Reign, Ao Do 1702. 

JoHANNis Bleeker, Justice, 
JoHANNis Abeel, 


2 he City Records, 151 

Albany ye 14tli of October, Ao 1702.— This day being 
appointed by the Charter of this Citty for the Aldermen of 
there respective Wards to make Return of the Aldermen, 
Assistants, Assessors, and Constables, who Return as follows, 
viz^ : 

In the First Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Schuyler, Jacob Turke, 

David Schuyler. Luykas Gerritse. 

Assessors. • Constable. 

Johannis Gerritse, Stephanus Groesbeek. 

William van Alle, 

Claes Luykase, Collector. 

The Second Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Roseboom, Johannis Beekman, 

Johannis Cuyler. Johannis Harmense. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Elbert Geritse, Myndert Roseboom, 

Warner Carstense. 

Isaac Verplank, Collector. 

2'he Third Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hendrik Hanse, Ruth Melgertse, 

Johannis Mingael. Frans Winne. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Gerrit van Ness, Ary Oothout. 

Dirk Bratt. 

Jacob Schuyler, Collector. 

Anthony Bratt, Treasurer. John Rosie, High Constable. 

For Canastageone. 
Dirke Bratt, Constable, Cornelis Tymese, Assessor. 
Maes Rickse, Claes Gerritse, Path Masters. 

For y^ Half Moon. 

Elbertse Harmense, Asses'r. Jacobus Skoonhoven Const'e 

Jan van Ness, Path Master. 

152 The City Records. 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
28th of October, 1702: — Present, Johannis Abeel, 
Recorder, Jobs. Schuyler, David Schuyler, Jobs. Rose- 
boom, Jobs. Cuyler, Hend. Hansen, Jobs. Mingael, Jacob 
Turke, Luykas Gerritse, Jobs. Beekman,RutbMelgertse, 
Frans Winne. 

The Recorder proposes that a vessel may be admitted to 
Convoy doune y^ Representatives to Kings County. Y^ 
Justices are of opinion and doe permitt y^same to goe doune 
and come directly up to Albany, provided ye master of y^ s^ 
vessel or any oyer passenger y^ goes with him doe not goe 
into New York. Y^ s^' master, William van Ale, oblidges 
bimselfe on bis perrill that if any of s^ passenojers goe into 
New Yorke, they or none else from thence shall enter again 
on his board, and further y" s^' master is on bis arrivall into 
this County, if any persones on his board befalle sick thereon 
by ye way, to stop at Beeren Island till further order, other- 
wise admitted to come directly up to the Citty. Jobs, van 
Ale upon bis Request desyres y^ same priviledge oblidgeing 
bimselfe in like manner, which is so graunted. 

The Recorder desyres ye opinion of ye Commonality whether 
they think requisite that a Gate to ye south of ye fort be 
sett up or ye place sbutt too. Ye major votes are to sett up 
a new gate. 

Nov. 24. — Since Complaints are made that ye Burger 
Blockhouse is in want of fyrewood, and whereas severall 
persones, Inhabitants of this Citty, have neglected to Ride 
there quota of wood to ye same. It is therefore Resolved 
that all and every person so neglecting shall Ride there s'^ 
quotas toyes'^ Blockhouse iny^ space of five days after ye date 
thereof, upon penalty of forfeiting 18d. and still oblidged to 
deliver s'' wood. 

It is Resolved by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
that whosoever of said authority as shall neglect or delay to 
appear on certain hours as shall be appointed, after ye 
warning given, shall forfeit ye summe of six shillings 
for each time so neglected, and in case of refusal in 
paying such fyne, shall be lawfull for ye Sheriffe to strain ye 
same upon there goods and chattels before ye then next 
meeting, as also that y'- Aldermen doe lay under said fyne 

The aty Records. , 153 

in case they neglect to appear timely on y" certain Mayor's 
Courts, or depart ye Citty ye morning when said Court shall 
be held. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have appointed 
ye following Persones fyre masters and way masters within 
ye Citty for ys ensueing year, viz' : Levinus Winne and 
Anthony Coster, Pr. Mingael and Rynier Myndertse, Barent 
Bratt and Jan Corn. Yisselaer, who are once in each three 
weeks till ye 14th of October next, to goe round with ye 
assistance of one and more Constables, and vew each House 
and Room where fyre is held, and whereever a Chimney 
shall be founde too foul, or fyre kegp in unconvenient places, 
to cause ye same be removed, ye owner pajnng as a fyne Ss. 
for y behoofe of y ■ s'^ fyre masters, to whom a warrant shall 
be directed. 

Proclamation is given out against Retailing without Ly- 
cence, which is Prohibited on penalty of five pounds. 

As also that ye fyre leathers and hooks shall not be taken 
from ye Church where they are ordered to be, upon penalty 
of 3s. for y- behooffe of ye Sherifie, who is ordered to take 
care of ye same. 

Dec. 8. — [Present, the mayor, recorder, and all the alder- 
men and assistants.] Resolved that 1550 Citty stockadoes 
of pain wood, and two hundred load of fire wood be assessed 
on ye Inhabitants of this v'itty, between this and the 12th 
of this Instant. And that ye same stockadoes be in length 
13 foot, and at ye thinnest end one foot square, as formerly, 
and them to be Ride between this and ye first of February 
next, each quota on there respective number, within ye 
Toun stockadoes, also ye fire wood to be brought at ye 
guards where it shall be ordered, and in case of neglecting, 
to pay for each stockadoe y fine of 18 pence, and for each 
Load of Wood 3s to ye Behooff'e of ye Sherifie, and that a 
warrant shall be directed for ye assessment accordingly. 

[Then follows the warrant in the usual form.] 

Resolved that Johannis Schuyler, Hend. Hansen and 
Johannis Cuyler, aldermen, Luykas Gerritse, Johannis 
Beekman and Ruth Melgertse, assistance, doe inquire to ye 
accounts of Citty and County, by Anthony Bratt Treasurer, 
and that they bring their Report in Common Councill on y^ 
next Court Day. 

154 The City Records. 

By the Mayor ^ Recorder^ Aldermen^ and Assistance of the 

Citfy of Albany. 

These are to forbid all Retailers in this Citty that they 
shall not presume to sell any Strong Drink to any of y^ 
Souldiers belonging to Her Maj. Garrison here, or to receive 
them unto their Houses after nine of ye Clock, or Taptoe, 
in ye night time, upon Penalty for each offence twenty shil- 
lings Currant Money of this Province, to y Behooffe of y^ 
Sheriff. Given in Albany this 8th day of December, in y^ 
first year of her maj'es Reign, Ao 1702. 

God save the Queen. 

Anne by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France, 
and Ireland, Queen, Defender of y^ Faith, &c., to y^ 
Sheriffe of Citty and County of Albany, greeting : Wee 
Command you to summonse Twelf good and Lawful Men to 
Inquire to y^' Body of Jacob van Noorstrant Junr, now de- 
ceased, how he came to his End, and to bring there Ver- 
dict upon Oath under Hand and Seale unto Me. Herein 
you are in no ways to omitt upon Perrill. Given in Albany 
this 8th of December, in ye first year of Her Maj'es Reign, 
Annoq Dom., 1702. 

Albert Rykm., Crooner. 
To Jacob Turke Esq., High Sheriffe of ye 
Citty and County of Albany. 

Gerrit van Ness of y^ Citty of Albany, aged about 57 
years, declared on ye Holy Evangelists upon oath, that this 
day about three of the Clock in ye afternoon, he was into ye 
Woods on Shinnechtady Road in this County of Albany, 
with one Jacob van Noorstrant Junr, deceased, and that ye 
Deponent was Cutting of a pine three, likewise was ye said 
Jacob Cutting to another Pine Three close one to an other, 
and that when y - Three of y- Deponent was falling doune, 
he called to s ' Van Noorstrant and saith, Jacob, Jacob : at 
which Moment the tree of ye s' Jacob V. Noorstrant was 
also falling doun. And ye s^ Jacob did runn under ye tree 
of ye Deponent just in ye falling, in so much that ye afore- 
said tree of ye Deponent strook ye said Jacob V. Noorstrant 
to Dead by his accident, and further a^ not. 

The City Records, 155 

Gerrit Van Ness Junr, the sonn of Hend. v. Ness, of y« 
Colony of Kensselaerswyck, in y^ County afores^, aged about 
one and twenty years, declared upon oath that he was Pre- 
sent in ye falling of s'' two threes, and confirming y« above 
Deposition of Gerrit van Ness his uncle. 

Sworn in Albany the 9th day of December, ]702, before 
mee, Albert Ryckman, Justes. 

JOH. CUYLER, Justes. 

Wee underwritten Jury, being upon oath, bring in our 
Verdict of ye body of Jacob van Noorstrant Junr dec', and 
doe find that the said Jacob came to his Dead accidently by 
cutting of Pine Three into the Woods on Shinnechtady 
Road, in the County of Albany, as witnesse, our hands and 
scales in Albany, this 8th day of Dec. [c^c], 1702. 

[Signed] Anthony van Schaick, William Groesbeeck, 

Pieter Mingael, Thomas Harmensen, 

Johannis Dewandlaer, Hend.Vroman, 

Barent ten Eyck, Gerrit Rycksen, 

William Jacobsen, Johannis v. Vechte, 

Warnaer Karstensen, Harmanus Wendell. 

Dec. 14. — The Tax Lists of the three several wards of 
this Citty for 1550 Toun stockadoes, and 200 load of fire 
wood, according y" Resolution of ye 8th instant, being 
brought in and approved of ye same, and Resolved that a 
Proclamation be published as following : 

By the Mayor^ Recorder^ Aldermen and Assistants ofy^ 

Citty of Albany. 

These are in Her Mjsj'es name to give notice to all y« 
Inhabitants of this Citty that each of them doe finde or 
Ride their quota of one thousand five hundred and fifty 
Toun Stockadoes, and two hundred load of fire Wood, 
between this and the first of February next, the said Stocka- 
does to bee of yaloe Pine, and in length thirteen foot, and 
one foot square at the thinnest end, as formerly, and that 
the same bee Ride each quota on their respective number 
within the Walls of this Citty ; the first Person or Numbres 
in the first ward is to lay them where ye new ones last 

156 The City Records. 

Spring were left, being on y^ north of y^ Geat by Harme 
Gansevoort, and so southerly along with y- Sunn, and at y 
end of said Ward ye Second is to begin, and at y^ end 
thereof y- Third Ward is to follow accordingly, and that 
every one shall bee oblidged to produce there Stockadoes 
after y^ first of February aforesaid, and to Eide y^ firewood 
sufficient loads at y^ Guard, where it shall bee ordered, with 
notice thereof before unloaded to y*^ Constables in there re- 
spective Wards, who are hereby required to take notice ac- 
cordingly, within ye time aforesaid, and in case of neglect 
of yj Inhabitants or others concerned, to pay as a fine for 
each Stockadoe ye summe of 18 pence Currant Money of 
this Province ; also for each load of fire Wood soo neglected 
8 shillings like money, for y^ behooffe of y Sheriife. Given 
in Albany this 14 Day of December, in the first Year of Her 
Maj's Reign, Annoq Domini, 1702. 

God save the Queen. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler having produced to Mr. Mayor an 
Order of His Excellency y Governour and Councill dated 
yt' 17th of December last, for y- collecting of all quit rents 
due to Her Majes. in y- Citty and County of Albany, doth 
therefore demand y*^^ quit rents dew by y Charter of this 
Citty, dated y^ 22'' July, 1686, at one Bever Skinn on y^ 
25th March annually. Also y*^ quit rents of y^^ Patent 
from Hend. Van Renselaer of Schaahkook Land to y^ Citty, 
dated ye 29th of March, 1698, at 16 shillings Curruut 
Money yearly. 

Johannes Abeel, Recorder, Hend. Hansen and Johannis 
Cuyler, Aldermen, are appointed to bee a committee to in- 
quire by all ye former Mayors respectively if any payment 
since s'' Charter was made, and to bring theire Report in 
Common Councill before ye first of January next eusueing. 

Dec. 22. — Johannis Schuyler and ye rest of ye Committee 
appointed ye 8th instant doe bring their Report of ye Debts 
of this Citty and County on a sheet Paper, now delivered 
in Common Councill, of which is concluded to be layd before 
y^ Justices of s'' Citty and County. 

Ihe City Records. 157 

By the Mayor ^ Recorder^ Aldermen and Commonality of 
the Citty of Albany. A Proclamation. 

Whereas Complaints are made of y^ disorderly Rideing 
in this Citty, also of y^ firing in Uncapable Houses, and 
other Places, and that no care bee taken of y^ fire and 
ashes which are carried out y^ dwellings ; likewise that 
severall Inhabitants of this Citty doe presume to take 
Hay and other Long Feed for their Cattle unto their 
Houses and other inconvenient Places, all contrary to former 
Proclamations respectively. Wee therefore doe Renew 
all former orders of y^ Premises in full power and vertue 
upon y? penalty of fines therein expressed, to y^ behooffe of 
y^ Sherifl'e. Given [&c.] Dec. 22, 1702. 

Att a Mayors Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany tbe 
29th of January, 170f. 

Johannis Cuyler, Plentive, Ryer Schermerhoorn, John 
Baptist [van Eps], John Wemp, Defendants. 

Coonraet ten Eyck, Hend Vroman, Anthony v. Schaick, 
Barent ten Eyck, William Claese, GerritRycksen, Jobs. D. 
Wandelaer, Tho. Harmense, Harmanus Wendel, Levinus 
Winne, Peter Miogael, William Jacobse. [Jury.] 

The Plentive demands by Declaration for ye behoofl*e of 
her majes. ye quit rents of a Certain Patent whereof the 
Defendants are the Patenties, of land belonging to ye toune 
of Shinnechtady, ye quantity of 160 bushels, being 4 jaers 
quitt, at 40 bushels per annum. Thomas Williams, attorney 
for Ryer Schermerhgorn and John Womp, defendants, in 
there behalfe, and John Baptist for himself, informs that ye 
s'' Defendants have Petitioned to his Excelltncy y^' Gover- 
nour and Councill for releeve in said Quitt Rent, and there- 
fore prays that the action may be referred till an answer on 
s^ request. [Consented to.] 

Melgt Wynantse, Plentive, Effie Hanse, Defendant. The 
Plentive by his Atturney John Collins, demands by Declara- 
tion 96 Gilders in Beavers and 2 schepels of wheat. The 
Defi by her sonn Hend'k Hanse alledges that ye atturney is 
not empowered by ye Plentive Melg^ Wynants, and there- 

Annals, iv. 14 « 

158 The City Records. 

fore desyres nonsuit, which is by y^ Mayor, Recorder and 
Aldermen taken into consideration and graunted accordingly. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 
19th of Jan'y, 170f . 

It is Resolved that anassessement be layd on y^ Inhabitants 
within y« limits of this Citty for 1600 Load of Sand, either 
with slees or carts, to be Ride to fill up y^ burying place of 
ye Citty. 

In pursuance of ye Resolution of y« 14th December last 
Johannis Abeel Recorder, Hend'k Hansen and Johannis 
Cuyler, Alde'n having inquired by all ye former Mayors of 
this Citty of Albany, also by ye books of ye several Trea- 
surers thereof, and doe fynde ye payment towards her Maj'es 
quitrent of our Charter of s^^ Citty till ye 25th of March, 
1693, and no further, being at one Beaver skin per annum ; 
and that no payment of quitrent as yet, not made on ye 
Patent from Hen'k van Rensselaer, of Land at Shaahkook, 
dated ye 29th of March 1698, the same being a sixteen 
shillings Currant Money yearly on ye 26th day of March. 

It is therefore Concluded by ye Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality, that John Abeel, Recorder, Joh. Cuyler, 
Alderman, and Jacob Turke, Assistant, doe buy on account 
of said Citty, Tenn good Reaver skins to be paid out of ye 
Citty Treasury; also to receiue out of ye same four pounds 
Currant money ; and that ye said Beavers and Money both 
be paid unto Johannis Cuyler aforesaid, on ye 25th of 
March next ensueing, he being Impowered to collect her Maj'es 
quitrent here, it being in full for quitrent of ye Charter and 
Patent aforesaid, to ye 25th March 1703, inclusive. 

Mr. John Abeel informs that he hath hyred the hynde 
Chamber of Philip Schuyler for lodging for Leiv^ Charles 
Congrove,to primo May next ensueing, for £2 : 14, to be 
payd by ye Province, if not so then to be payed by ye 

But considering ye s"^ Congrove not having full bedding 
ye sd Abeel undertakes to supply ye s^ Congrove with a pair 
of sheets, one pair of Pillows and two Blankets, provided he 
be freed from ye quartering of any soldiers till such time ye 
s^ Bed Cloaths be returned, and in case they be damnifyed, 
ye magistrates doe promise to endeavor for satisfaction. 

The Giiy Records. 159 

ColL Peter Schuyler produces a mortgage on y- Land of 
Shaahkook, signed with y*^ hand and seale of one Indian 
(therein sett forth as right owner to s'' land), called taspe- 
lalet allias Murhank, for ye quantity of 60^ Beaver skins, 
20 Otters, 25 Vissers, and 10 Martens, and since [The record 
is incomplete.] 

Att a meeting of y^ Justices of y^ Citty and County of 
Albany, the 19th of January, 170| : — Present, Albt 
Ryckman, John Abeel, Hend'k Hanse, Jobs. Rose- 
boom, David Schuyler, Jobs. Cuyler, Jobs. Mingael, 
Killiaen van Renselaer. 

This day being appointed for ye assessors of y^ Citty and 
County of Albany to give in there Returnes of an Estima- 
tion of ye severall Estates within y^ Citty and County 
aforesaid, according to y-' severall warrants to them directed, 
towards ye raising of ye s'^ Citty and Couutyes quota to y^ 
£1800 and £2000 Taxes, whereupon ye following assessors 
have returned, viz^ : [the places for the sums are left blank 
in the book] 

Since ye assessors of ye Citty and County doe not agree 
over ye severall estimations it is resolved by y s'' Justices 
yt ye gd assessors doe forthwith meet and produce there s^ 
severall estimations to one another, and to form them in 
equall proportions, and make returne of ye same to Mr. 
Mayor tomorrow. 

Jan. 20. — The Assessors of ye Citty and County of Al- 
bany, aforesaid being as above recommended to a meeting and 
to produce to onother ye severall estimations, and to form 
them in equall proportions, have accordingly meet and doe 
returne as follows, viz^ : 

The Citty of Albany for - - £3190 

The Colony of Rensselaerswyk, - 2050 

Shennechtady, 2000 

Kinderhook, .... 900 

Catskill and Coxhacky, - - - 1000 

Canastageone, . . - _ 400 

The Half Moon, - - - - 275 

Patkook, ----- 400 


160 The City Records. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany ye 
16th February, ITOf. 

Johannis Cuyler, Plentive, Ryer Schermerhorn, John 
Baptist van Eps, John Wemp, Defendants. The Plentive 
demands by Declaration as followeth, viz^ : 

City of Albany : To ye worshipfull Mayor and Alder- 
men of y^ City of Albany. Johannis Cuyler of ye Citty 
of Albany, Iiiipowered by his Excellency ye Governor and 
Counoill of Her Majes. Province of New York, to collect 
and receive her majes. Quitt Rents of ye County of Albany 
complains against Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist van 
Eps eldest sonn and heir of John Van Eps, deceased, 
and John Wemp eldest sonn and heir of Myndert Wemp, 
deceased, Patenties of a Certain Patent dated ye 2 of No- 
vember, 1684, and saith that whereas ye said Ryer Scher- 
merhoorn, Jan Baptist van Eps, and John Wemp are 
indebted unto Her Majes. for ye Quitt Rent of ye Land 
&c., in s^i Patent since ye 25th 'of March, 1698, until ye 
15th of March, 1702, four years at forty bushels of Wheat 
per annum, being one hundred and sixty bushels of Wheat, 
which quantity of Wheat y^ s^ Johannis Cuyler hath de- 
manded from y® said Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist 
van Eps, and John Wemp, to wit on y« 9th of December, 
on y® year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
two, and often afterwards ; But y® s"^' quantity of Wheatt 
to deliver y® said Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist van 
Eps and John Wemp hath altogether Referred, and as yet 
doth Referred; Whereupon y® s^' Johs. Cuyler says that 
Her Majes. hath Damage to y® value of 32 Pounds currant 
money of y® s' Province, &c. Thereof bringeth this sute 
&c. The Defendants not appearing to defend there cause 
the Plentive desyres Judgment may passe against y® De- 
fendants, for ye arrears of Quitt Rent, according his De- 
claration, the which being taken in consideration by y® 
mayor and aldermen doe graunt Judgment accordingly 
with costs of sute ; whereupon y® Plentive desyres execu- 
tion, which is referred till next Court day. 

The City Records. 161 

Att a Common Councill held in y« City Hall of Albany y« 
23d of FeVy, 170f . 
Mr. Pr. van Brugh appears in Common Council and gives 
in y® following Petition, viz^ : 

To y« worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assist- 
ants of y« Citty of Albany : The humble Petition of 
Peter van Br ugh of y® said Citty, 

Humbly sheweth : 

That your Petitioner hath on y® 11th November last 
bought y® corner house and lott of grounde formerly belong- 
ing to his father and mother in law, Henry and Anna Cuy- 
ler, deceased, situate, lyeing and being here in y® s'^ Citty 
of Albany, in y« first warde, on y® south side of y« Jouncker 
street, towards y® hills, containing in breadth on y® front 
sixteen foot or thereabouts, wood measure, and whereas 
your Petitioner doth intend to erect a sufficient house there- 
on. Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays your worship- 
full Commonality to sell unto your Petitioner eight foot of 
ground adjoining to y« west of y® said corner, in length as 
y« aforesaid lott, if not hindered by y« Rounds passage, and 
your Citty Stockadoes, wherefore your Petitioner is willing 
to pay a reasonable Price for y® same, and as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &c. 

Signed Pieter van Brugh. 

Albany y« 23d of February, 170f . 

The Commonality, taking y« above Petition into con- 
sideration, have appointed four out of y* Common Councill 
to vew sd Ground, who have brought Report that s^ Ground 
is not prejudicial to y« Citty. The Commonality have there- 
fore bargained and sold unto y® s^ Peter van Brugh his 
heirs and assigns forever, eight foot of Ground adjoining to 
y® west of y® s^ Corner House, and in length as y® lott of 
ye sd Corner House, if not hindered by y® Citty Stockadoes, 
ye s<i van Brugh paying therefore to y® sd Citty Tenn Pounds 
five shillings Currant Money, and y^ Charges for drawing 
y® Transport, which is ordered to be drawn up. 

Mr. Myndert Schuyler, appears in Common Councill and 
gives in y® following Petition, viz* : 

162 The aty Records. 

To the Worshipful! Mayor, "Recorder. Aldermen and As- 
sistants of y« Citty of Albany, The humble Petition of 
Myndert Schuyler of y^ s'' Citty, 

Humbly sheweth : 

That heretofore a certain small lau e hath been used by 
y® Public here in y^ Citty of Albany, on y^ south side of 
ye Jouncker street, between y^ great house and lott formerly 
of Gerrit Banker Deceased, now belonging to your peti- 
tioner, and y house and lott of Evert Banker, sonne and 
administrator of y® said deceased, which land stretched 
from y^ front towards Rutten kill, almost to nothing, and is 
supposed to belong to y*' citty afores^^ 

Your petitioner therefore humbly prays your worshipful! 
Mayor, Recorder & Aldermen now convened in Common 
Council! to take y® matter into your serious consideration 
and to release y® ground between s*^ house and lott of your 
Petitioner and y® house and lott of Evert Banker afores<^, 
unto your Petitioner for ever, he paying what you shall 
think Reasonable. And your pet'r shall ever pray, &c. 
Signed, Mynd't Schuyler. 

The Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance, takeing 
y*" above Petition into Consideration, have agreed with y^s^ 
Myndert Schuyler to Release y® ground petitioned for, he 
paying to y® Citty y® summe of three pounds, and oy'r 
charges, to wit, y® Release, which is ordered to be drawne. 

It is Resolved, That a new Bridge be made over Rutten 
Creek where the old lays, by Coll. Schuyler's house, in 
all haste, Mr. Mayor having undertaken to see materials 
procured for y® same, and to agree with workmen to make 
said, taken to his assistance any aldermen or assistance of 
this Citty. 

Att a mayor's Court held in y« Citty Hall of Albany, y« 2^ 
of March, 170f . 

David Schuyler & Thomas Williams, administrators of 
y® Legacys of Abraham Nicols, late deceased intestate, doe 
appear in Court, giving in an account of there administra- 
tion, whereby the s'^ Legacy, amounting to £6:1, y^ charges 

The aty Records. 163 

of his funeral, &c., to £8:16: 6, so that there remains in- 
debted £2:15:6, wherefore y^ Court have drawne assign- 
ments to be paid by y^ County of Albany. 

March 16. — The humble Petition of Gerrit Luykasse, of 
y« s<^ Citty, humbly sheweth : How that your Petitioner 
understands that your worshipful Commonality hath been 
pleased to dispose by sale some small matter of ground 
towards y® hills, and whereas a little ground thereabouts 
would bee very convenient to your Petitioner, since dwell- 
ing near y« same. Your Petitioner doth therefore humbly 
pray your worshipful Commonality to sell unto your Peti- 
tioner eight foot of ground adjoyning to y^ west of y® lott of 
ground lately sold by your worshipfuU Commonality to Mr. 
Peter van Brugh, and in length thirty foot, or asy^s^lott 
of grounde if not hindered by y® Citty's Stockadoes, where- 
fore your Petitioner is willing to pay a reasonable price for 
y^ same, and as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 

Gerrit Luykasse. 

Upon y® above Petition y® Commonality have appointed 
Mr. Job's Schuyler, Johan's Mingael, ald'n; Jacob Turk, 
Kuth Melgertse, assistance, to make a vew if so much 
grounde can be conveniently spared, who give Report that 
there lays eight foot of grounde, breadth, and thirty foot 
grounde length, that without any hindrance to the Rounds 
passage or the Citty Stockadoes. 

Mr. Peter van Brugh appears in Common Councill hum- 
bly desyreing (that since he is informed that a petition is 
entered that eight foot of ground and thirty foot length to 
y® west of his lott of grounde lately bought of y® Citty 
may be sold) that he y® s,^ van Brugh may have y® first 
priviledge to buy y^ same, or else to y® highest Bidder be- 
tween him and y" Pet'r yt petitions for y^ s^^ grounde. 

Whereas Mr. Chas. Congroove hath made application to 
be made a freeman and citizen of this Citty, which y® 
Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance taking in con-- 
sideration, have granted gratis, provided he pay the clerk's 

The Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance putting 
to y® vote whether they think convenient to expose said 
ground as requested to saile, who have resolved to sell y® 

164 The City Becords, 

same, and thereupon called Gerrit Luykasse and Mr, Pr. 
Brugh, and sold unto said Gerrit Luykasse eight foot of 
ground to y® west of y® lott of ground lately sold to Mr. 
Pr. van Brugh from y® Citty, and in length southwarde 
thirty foot, always provided that now or hereafter it be no 
hindrance for y« Rounds passage and y® Citty Stockadoes, 
he y® s^ Gerrit Luykasse paying therefore y^ sumrae of 
tenn pounds five shillings, currant money, with y« Clark's 
charges, &c., for drawing a Transport. 

Whereupon y® s^ Gerrit Luykasse further prays in case 
hereafter any other ground to y® west of y® said lott be 
layed out to be sold, that he maybe y^ first previledge to buy 
y« same. Which graunted accordingly. 

Att a meeting of y® Justices of y® Citty and County of 
Albany, y^ 30th of March, 1703. 

Mr. Johannes Abeel produceth an account of what money 
he hath received from the respective collectors of y® Citty 
and county of Albany, towards y® quota to y® £1800 tax, 


Corrofy« first warde, - - £17:5 

ye second warde, - 


ye third warde. 

10: 1:4 

from Schinnechtady, 

28: 8:5 

from y® Colony Rensselaerswyk, 

, 29: 5 

from Kinderhook, - - - 

13: 2:91 

the Half-moon, - - - 


Canastagione, - - - - 

4: 1:1 

Patkook, - . - 


Catskill and Coxhacky, 

14: :3 

Which summes beiog perrused by y® s^ Citty 
and Countys quota, is wanting - - 5: 3:9 J 


It is by the Justices Resolved that by Mr. Albert Ryk- 
man y^ orders be given to y® collectors forthwith to collect 
y® arrears of there respective wards to s*^ tax. 

The City Becords. 165 

Att a Common Councill held in y® Citty Hall of Albany 
this first of May, 1703. 

Itt is resolved that the stockadoes now ridd be sett up by 
the freeholders and inhabitants, each in his own ward, ac- 
cording to the taxt lists, and those that have not ridd their 
stockadoes are obliged to ryde their quota upon the mayor's 
order next winter, that they may be sett accordingly, and 
he that shall neglect or refuse to work upon the mayor's 
warning, shall forfeit the sum of six shillings currant money 
for each offence. 

To the Worshipfull the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Commonality of the City of Albany. 

The humble petition of Gerrit Luykasse Wynegaert, 
Stephanus Groesbeek, and Evert Wendell Jun'r, humbly 
sheweth : That your Petitioners being Traders with y® In- 
dians as well as many others whom have convenancies with 
a house at each gate to accommodate the Indians att their 
arrivall both on the north and on the west side of the fort, 
and that it hath pleased his Excellency my Lord Cornbury 
to permit a gate on the south side of the fort, towards the 
Kutten kill, that an Indian house may be build on the south 
side of sf' gate on the hill commonly called or known by the 
name of the Spring hill, for the accommodation of Indians. 
Your Petitioners therefore humbly Prayes that your worships 
will take this into your serious Considerations, and grant 
that your Petitioners may build an Indian house there of 
three deal boards length, at their own proper cost and charge, 
and your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. Al- 
bany, this 29 of April, 1703. The above petition read and 

May 11. — William Holey of the Citty of Albany appeared 
before us and produced an order from the Mayes Court, dated 
the 2d day of January, 169|, for Porter and Town Cryer, 
and desires a Confirmance, and is granted accordingly. 
~ Evert Ridder of the County of Albany appears before us 
in Common Councill and desires his freedom in the Citty 
from Mr. Mayor to be a free citizen ; which is granted ac- 

166 The City Records. 

Evert Ridder of the Citty of Albany makes his humble 
application to the Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance to be 
permitted to teach schoole in the Citty aforesaid, which 
request is taken into consideration, and granted accordingly. 

Jacob Turke Esquire, High Sheriff of the Citty and 
County of Albany, humbly desires from the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Assistance that the Regulation made in Common 
Councill relateing the Indians the 80th May, 1702, may be 
confirmed for one year after the date of s'' Proclamation, 
which is granted accordingly, commencing the 30th of May 

Itt is ordered by the Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance 
of the Citty of Albany, that the streets within said Citty 
be made clean before each inhabitant's door, and all fire 
wood be removed from the street, and all other timber and 
stones may be heapt up and layd up close together, out of 
the way, before the 14th day of this instant month of May, 
upon pain and penalty of paying a fine of three shillings 
corrant money for every such offence, for the behoofe of 
the sheriffe. 

May 22. — William Gysbertse appeared in Common Coun- 
cill and desired that he mio-ht infence a certain Piece of 
Pasture ground in the Corporation of the Citty of Albany, 
on the third kill or creek, commonly called or known by the 
name of the Fossen kill, and he is ordered to produce suf- 
ficient titles at or before the first of Sept'r next ensuing. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
this 25th day of May, 1703. 

Effie Hansen vs. Melgaert v. d. Poel & Elesibeth his wife. 

Jury — Abraham Cuyler, Elbert Gerritse, Joh. Claessen, 
Tho. Harmensen, Gerrit Luykasse, Anth. Coster, Gerrit 
Rykese, Ryer Gerritse, Dirk v. d. Heyden, Pieter Mingaell, 
Gysbert Marselis, Jacob Lansingh. 

The Plantive demands by Declaration the sume of twenty 
three pounds two shillings and seven pence halfe penny, 
corant money. The Jury finds itt for the Plantive, the 
verdict being approved by the Court and Judgment passt 
against y^ defendants with costs of shute. 

The City Records. 167 

June 8. — Mr. John Collins, atturney for Melgt van der 
Poel and Elisabeth his wife, defendants in y® action with 
Effie Hanse, plentive, appears in court and prays that the 
execution in that action may be delayed to y^next Mayor's 
Court, or till the Kecorder comes home, which is accordingly 

June 22. — Effie Hansen widow of Hans Hendrikse, de- 
ceased, by her petition in dutch being read, she desires y® 
honble Mayor and Aldermen in Court, in pursuant of her 
action with Melg' van der Poel and Elisabeth his wife, to 
take y® same into their serious consideration, and grant her 
an execution thereon. The Court, takeing y® same petition 
into their consideration, have referred y** matter untill the 
Recorder's arrival from New York. 

Att a Common Councill held in y® Citty Hall of Albany ye 
9th of July, 17U3. 
It is Resolved by y^ Commonality that Billets be stuck up 
in a Public place, to give notice to all persons who have any 
account particularly with y® Citty, that they give in y** same 
to y® Citty Treasurer, before y® 26th instant. And that Mr. 
JoJiannis Cuyler, Mr. David Schuyler, ald'n, and Rob^^ 
Livingston Jun'r, doe convein at y® Citty Treasurers and 
there make distinction of y® Citty and County's debts, and 
to see y^ same entered in two fair books, and to make return 
thereof on y^ nineteenth instant. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Cittv Hall of Albany, ye 
20th of July, 1703. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler makes application and sets forth 
how that on the 16th oi February last, a Judgment was 
graunted by this worshipfuU Court on his part as Deputy 
Collector of y® Quit Rents in y« Citty and County of Albany, 
against Ryer Schermerhorn, Jan Baptist van Eps, and John 
Wemp, Patenties of a certain Patent, for y® town of Shen- 
nechtady for y® quantity of one hundred and sixty bushels 
of wheat, for y® Quit Rent of s ' Patent, together with costs 
of sute, &c., and therefore most humbly prays an Execution 
against s^' persones, which after being taken into considera- 

168 The City Records. 

tion, doe graunt an execution upon y^ Body of s^ Ryer 
Scliermerhoorn, Jan Baptist van Eps, and John Wemp, or 
their goods and chattels when they shall be found within 
yt= Baylewyk of this Citty. 

Att a Common Council held in v^ Citty Hall of Albany the 
20th of July, 1703. 

Whereas on y^ 9th instant, Mr. Johannis Cuyler and Mr. 
David Schuyler, ald'n, and Rob^ Livingston Jun., were ap- 
pointed to convein at y® Citty Treasurer, there to make a 
distingtion of y® Citty and County accounts, who doe return 
Report with a book whereby the Citty have considerably 
disbursed for ye account of y*^ County, whereupon this 
meeting have Resolved by y® Justices aforesaid that warning 
be given to y^ Justices of y® County to convene here in 
y« Citty Hall, on y® 10th of x^ugust next, there to makeup 
their accounts, iu order to take some method to satisfy ye 
due debts of s^' County, and that in y® mean time Billets be 
sett on y® public places of said County, giving warning to 
such persons as have any account with said county, that they 
give in their s^^ accounts in s^ time to y« Citty treasurer. 

It is Resolved that warrants be issued to y® assessors of 
this Citty to make an estimate of y^ Estates belonging to 
ye Inhabitants and other Estates within y® Baylewick of 
this Citty, and to make a return thereof under hands and 
scales, in y® space of thrice twenty-four hours, to y® end 
that an assessment of fifty Pounds be layd and assessed on 
the same ; which Estimate is to be given to the Mayor. 

The Petition of Jochim Lambertse praying a Release may 
be graunted to his Moy'r Annetje y® wed'w of Lambert 
Volkenburgh, of s'J Citty, late deceased, for a certain lott of 
ground and house thereon erected, which Petition being 
read as foUoweth : 

The humble Petition of Jochim Volkenburgh of Kinder- 
hook, of y® County of Albany, humbly sheweth : How that 
your Petitioner's father, Lamb' Volkenburgh, late of y« 
Citty of Albany afores'^ dec', in his lifetime and at the day 
of his death was in quiet and peaceable possession of a cer- 
tain house and lott of ground, situate, lying and being in 
y® Citty aforesaid, in y® voddemark, having to y® west y^ 

The City Records. 169 

burying place, and to y® north and east y® highway, is yet 
in y® tenure and occupation of your Petitioner's mother, and 
y® heirs of s<^ deceased, containing in length and breadth ac- 
cording to y^ annexed note, measured byy® Citty surveyor ; 
and whereas at present noe deeds or writings of y^ house 
and lott can be found, although publickly knowne y^ 
y® same properly did belong to y® s^ deceased. Your peti- 
tioner therefore humbly prays yt your worships will, be 
pleased to release y® said house and lott of ground unto your 
Petitioner's moeder, Annatie y® widow of s*^ deceased, and 
your Petitioner as in duty bound shall for ever pray, &c. 

JocHiM Lambertz. 

"Which petition being taken into consideration, is ordered 
that a Release be drawn for said house and lott, breadth and 
length according to y surveyor's note, and y^ y® same be 
entered on our Public Records. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sheriflFe of Citty and County of 
Albany afores^, prays that y^ Perquisites contained in y^ 
Proclamation relating y^ Indian trade may be wholly 
graunted to him. Y® Commonality taking y® same into 
consideration, have graunted y® same perquisites unto y« 
sheriffe, and ordered y' said Proclamation be drawne over 
and to insert y^ s^' Perquisites wholly for ye Behoofe of y® 
s^ sheriffe, which Proclamation is so confirmed. 

July 26, 1703. — The Estimation of ye Estates belonging 
to ye Inhabitants and others within ye Baylewyk of this 
Citty being by ye assessors ofs** Citty returned to Mr. Mayor, 
and layd before ye Common Council amounting to £2774: 
which assessment being approved of, and laid4i(i upon each 
pound, and concluded that a warrant be forthwith directed 
to Anthony Bratt to levy y^ same, before ye one thirtyeth of 
this Instant. 

A Proclamation hy y^ May or ^ Aldermen and Commonality. 

Whereas complaints are made that several persons within 
this Citty doe trust strong liquor to Indians upon account of 
their cloathing, especially of late, when on her Majesties 
service, to ye great disadvantage of her Majesties interest 
and ye good of this Country. These doe therefore in her 
Maj'es name Publish and Prohibite all persons within this 

Annals, iv. 15 

170 The City Records, 

Citty to give any strong Liquors unto Indian or Indians, 
directly or indirectly, upon account of their cloathingor Arms, 
upon penalty of forfeiting y^ summe of six shillings for 
each offence, and to restore y^ s^ Cloaths, &c., without any 
satisfaction, which forfeit shall be for y® Behoofe of y^ 
sheriffe, who is to sue for y same. 

Given in Albany y® day and year first above written. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
y« 3d of August, 1703. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sheriffe by John Collins, his 
atturney, Plentive, Aryaentie Wendel, Defendant, Evert 
Wendel, Jun., appears for her. The partyes being asked 
say they are come, and ready to plead their cause 

The Def'ts atturney producing his power is thought not 
sufl&cient whereby an action in Court can be tryed; y® s^ 
atturney desyres that his moy'r the Defendant may be asked 
if she hath impowered him y^ s^ atturney to plead her actioQ 
here in Court, whereupon y® Court have sent y® Marshall 
ofy« s'J Court with a Constable to ask y« Defend' y^ matter, 
who brings report that y® Def» impowersy® s ' Evert Wendel 
her atturney to plead her action now in Court. 

The Jury called and sworn : Mynd' Schuyler, Evert Janse, 
Johan's Hansen, Nicolas Bleeker, Will'm Hogen, Goosen 
van Schaick, Rynier Myndertse, Johan's Piuyn, Anthony 
Coster, Abraham Kip, Abraham Cuyler, Dirk vander 

The Plentives Declaration read as followeth, viz : 

Albany County, ss. Jacobus Turke Esq., high sheriffe of 
y® Citty and County of Albany, in y® Province of New York, 
complains against Aryantie Wendel, widow, of y® s^' Citty, 
in y® first ward, in an action of trespasse upon y® case, and 
thereupon y* s** Jacobus Turke saith that whereas there was 
a Proclamation issued forth by y® Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men and Assistants of y® s^ Citty of Albany, bearing date 
y® 11th day of May last past in y® present year of our Lord 
1703, publishing and declaring amongst other things that 
no person or persones within y® s*^ Citty shall presume to 
take any Indian or Indians (Sachems excepted), with pack 
or packs of Beavers or peltry into their houses under y^ 

The City Records, 171 

penalty of paying to y^ sheriffe of y® said Citty five pieces 
of eight of such offence, except Lycense given, yet never- 
theless ye s** Aryaentie, not ignorant of y® premises, on ye 
21st of July, 1703, entertained three Indians in her dwelling 
house, in y® warde and in y® Citty aforesaid, whereupon y^ 
s<i Aryaentie is indebted to y® Plentive four pounds ten 
shillings, whereupon he brings this suite and says that he 
hath dammage eighteen pounds The Defend^ not having 
entered his plea, y^ Plentive's atturney prays a nonsuite for 
y® costs of suite, and y® Court considering y® Matter doe 
accordingly graunt a nonsuit against y® Defend^ for y® costs 
of suite. 

Att a Common Councill held in y® Citty Hall of Albany 
y« 3d day of August, 1703. 
Whereas Complaints are made that severall Creditors of 
y® County of Albany, doe presume thereby to discharge their 
taxes when raised, particularly for y® behooffe of y® Citty 
of Albany. It is therefore Resolved by y^ Commonality of 
y^ s<i Citty, henceforth no person or persones who have any 
account with y« County shall be admitted to deduct y® same 
or any part thereof, out of y® taxes when particularly raised 
to defray y® Citty charges, neither shall any Creditor of 
y® s** Citty deduct more of any such tax of y® Citty than his 
own due quota therein. Further, that y® Treasurer is 
hereby discharged to suffer any deducting as aforesaid, upon 
his perill. 

John Rateliffs accounts for service done for y« Citty : 
1 for shutting y® Citty Gates from y® 2^ November, 1702 to 

y« 2d of Aug* 1703, 21 pieces of 8 is - - £Q:Q 
1 for makeing fyre in y® Burger Blockhouse, for 

sd time, 11 ps of 8 and 3 gl., - - 3:7:6 

1 for sweeping y® Chimney in s*^ Blockhouse, - 6:9 

£10 : : 3 

Sept. 16. — Whereas the Lane that passeth between the 
house and lott of Johannis Mingael and Frans Pruyn is 
found unconvenient to pass throw, being almost close up 
with moud and other filth, complaints whereof is here made 

172 The City Records. 

by y® Inhabitants thereunto adjoyning, humbly requesting 
that this Commonality now conveined, will be pleased to 
order some remedy to be taken for y® cleaneing thereof. 
The same being taken into consideration, y® Commonality 
do appoint Hend. Othout and Thomas Harmense to vew 
y® s*^ lane and make Report how y® same may be most con- 
veniently Cleaned, which Report must be given unto Mr. 
Mayor y® space of twice 24 hours. 

Albany y« 14th of October, 1703. 
This day being appointed by y^ Charter of this Citty for 
y® Aldermen to make their return of y® Aldermen chosen 
for y® respective wards for y® ensuing year, who are as 
followeth : 

The First Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler, Hend. Oothout, 

Evert Banker, Anthony Coster. 

Assessors. Constable. 

William van Ale, Dirk vander Hey den. 

Johannis Gerritse. 

Evert Wendel Jr., Collector. 

The Second Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Cuyler, Gerrit Roseboom, 

Johannis Roseboom, Abraham Schuyler. 

Assessors. Constable. 

William Jacsobse, Hend. ten Eyk. 

Gysbert Marcelis. 

Isaac Verplank, Collector. 

The Third Warde, 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hend. Hanse, Franse Winne, ' 

Johannis Mingael. Ruth Melgertz. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Harp^ Jacobse, Jacob Gerritz. Lansing. 

Gerrit Ryckse. Daniel Ketelyn, Collector. 

Myndert Reseboom, high constable. 

Anthony Bratt, citty treasurer. 

The City Records. 173 

For Canastagione. 

Claes Gerritse, constable. Maes Ryckse, assessor. 

Eldert Ouderkerk, collector. 

Jan Christianse, Cornells Tymese, path masters. 

For y^ Half Moon. 

David Ketelheyn. constable. Jan van Ness, assessor. 

Roeloff Gerritz, path master. 

Att a Mayor's Court held at yCitty Hall of Albany, ye 
26th of October, 1703: — Present, Johannis Schuyler, 
mayor, Hend. Hansen, Johannis Cuyler, Johannis Rose- 
boom, Johannis Mingael. 
Mr, Mayor being this day sworne, whereupon Mr. Albert 
Ryckman ye late Mayor, delivereth into y® custody of ye 
present Mayor y® following deeds and written property, be- 
longing to ye Citty of Albany, viz^ : Copy of y® Patent for 
ye Colony Rensselaerswyk, dated Nov. 4, 1685. The Char- 
ter of ye sd Citty, dated y^ 22^ of July, 1686. The Trans^ 
port of Peter van Brugh, dated y« 23d of Nov. 1697. To- 
gether with a Dutch and English patent thereof formerly 
to his father. Job's van Brugh. The Patent of Schakkook, 
dated ye 29th March, 1698, together with Transport of ye 
same from Hend'k van Rensselaer, dated y® 8th of August, 

Att a Common Councill, held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 26th of October, 1703. 

Whereas 'by y® Returns of Aldermen, Assistance and 
Assessors, &c., returned on the 14th of this Instant, so 
entered herein, wee fynde that Mr. Abraham Cuyler is by 
y® majority of voytes returned for one assistant, who being 
sent for, doth appear in Common Councill, and refuseth to 
take on that service, and forasmuch as by our Citty Charter, 
a fyne by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants can be im- 
posed upon any such person or persones so refuseing, not 
exceeding ye summe of five pounds. The which being put 
to ye vote, ye Commonality are of opinion that y® said 

174 The City Records. 

Abraham Cuyler shall pay as a fyne for such Refuse, y^ 
summe of five Pounds currant money of this Province. Or- 
dered that a warrant be issued to y® Constable to give warn- 
ing to y® Inhabitants of y® second warde for a new election 
of one Assistant, on ye 27th Instant, at 3 o'clock in ye 
afternoon, and y^ forthwith return of s^ Election be made. 

It is further resolved that a warrant be issued for y® re- 
ceiveing of said five pound fyne. 

Oct. 27. — Whereas severall Inhabitants of this Citty doe 
presume to sell strong drink by retaile without Lycence, to 
ye disadvantage of her majesty's Interest, and y® welfair of 
this Citty, wee do therefore hereby publish and declare that 
no person or persones shall retaile any strong drink within 
this Citty and County without ye Mayor of ye Citty's ly- 
cence therefore, upon pain and penalty of forfeiting as a 
fyne y® summe of five pounds for each offence, as y^ act of 
General Assembly directs. 

Whereas yesterday in Common Councill a fyne of five 
pounds was layd upon Abraham Cuyler for refusing to take 
y® service of an Assistant upon him for ye ensuing year, 
who now appears in Common Councill and desyres they will 
be pleased to abate some part of y® s<*fyne, being willing to 
pay three pounds; ye Commonality considering ye matter, 
doe discharge y® said Cuyler for ye said summe of three 

The Commonality have appoynted Stephanus Groesbeek, 
Ryer Gerritse, Warner Carstense, Hendrik ten Eyk, Evert 
Janse, and Jacob Bogart, fyremasters for ye ensueing year, 
until ye 14th of October, 1704, and doe order them forth- 
with to goe round ye Citty and vew ye Chimneys, and who- 
soever's Chimney as shall be found unclean shall forfeit 3s. 
for each offence. 

Nov. 9 — It is by ye Commonality resolved that Ruth 
Melgertse, assistant, doe agree with some fitt persones and 
see them make batteries and close up y® vacancies of ye 
Cittyes Stockadoes, with all speed, at ye Cittyes charge, 
wherefore y® s^ Ruth Melgertse as overseer is allowed 3s. 
per day. 

Dec. 4. — It is resolved by ye Commonality that an as- 
sessment of 200 load of fyre wood be lay d and assessed 
upon ye Inhabitants, &c., of this Citty, for y^Burger Guards, 

The City Records. 175 

and ordered that a warrant be issued to y« assessors of this 
Citty for that purpose, as also to make an assessment upon 
s^ Inhabitants of 1600 load of sand to fill up ye Burying 
Place of this Citty, and to make return of y® s<* assessments 
unto Mr. Mayor, under their hands and seales, on or before 
ye 7th instant December. 

Dec. 13. — Anthony Bratt, by his Petition to ye- Com- 
monality, humbly prays, since Mr. Hendrik Koseboom, late 
Sexton of this Citty, deceased, that they will be pleased to 
appoint him to attend and doe ye service of ye said office 
of Sexton in such manner as ye same lately did appertain 
unto y^ said Roseboom, and to graunt him ye like Perqui- 
sites thereof. The Commonality, takeing ye said Petition 
into consideration, have granted ye said office of Sexton of ye 
Citty together with ye Perquisites thereof, unto y® said 
Bratt, in such manner as ye same was given and graunted 
unto ye said Roseboom, always provided that John Eate- 
liffe shall yet continue in ye service of that office and re- 
ceive such perquisites thereof for digging; of graves as he 
did in ye time and being of ye s*^ Mr. Roseboom deceased. 

Pursuant to y® late Resolution of ye 4th Instant y® as- 
sessors have given in an assessment of 800 load of wood for 
fuel to y® Burger Blockhouse, ordered that ye same be di- 
rected to y® Constables in each warde of this Citty to give 
warning to y^ Inhabitants that the said wood be ride to y^ 
said Blockhouse in ye space of three times 24 hours, upon 
forfeit of \^d for each load of wood they shall be found 
neglecting, and that y® s<* wood when it shall be ride, must 
be entered by Hend. ten Eyk, or else not accounted for, 
which service of y® s**ten Eyk, who is to keep an exact ac- 
count thereof, shall be allowed 15 shillings. 

February 15, 170f . — Whereas ye time approaches yt ye 
hoggs keep by y® Inhabitants of ye Citty, unless prevented, 
will Rutt up, and spoyle y^ Commons of this Citty, these are 
therefore to publish and prohibite that no person or per- 
sones whatsoever within this Citty or thereunto adjoyning 
shall suffer or lett their hoggs runn out on ye Commons be- 
longing to y® said Citty without Ringed with Iron wair in all 
and every of their noses, in y® space of thrice twenty-four 
hours, upon penalty of paying as. a fyne 4s curr^ money be- 
fore such after taken up hath been twice twenty hours in 

176 The City Records. 

y8 custody of y« sheriflfe, who is to sue for y« same, and if 
longer in his custody y® owner of s^^ hoggor hogs, great and 
small, shall pay y® charge for keeping them, together with 
ye s^ fyne before they be Released. 

March 28, 1704. — It is resolved that a warrant be issued 
to y^ assessors of y^ Citty of Albany, to make an estimate 
of y® Estates within y® limits of y® Citty aforesaid and to 
deliver y® same under their hands and seals unto Mr. Mayor, 
on or before y® 18th of April next ensuing, to y® end that 
y® summe of fifty pound? be layed and assessed from y® In- 
habitants aforesaid. 

The humble Petition of Anthony Sybrant van Schayck 
of y® said Citty, Glasier, humbly sheweth : 

That whereas there lays a certain small Lott of ground 
opposite toy® hinde part of your Petitioner's Lottof grounde 
ony® south side of y® Rutten Creek to y® west of y® Lottof 
ground belonging to Capt. Myndert Schuyler, to y® north 
of y® highway, and to y® east of y^ said Creek, it lying 
only convenient to y® Petitioner. 

Your Petitioner doth therefore humbly pray your wor- 
shipfull Commonalty to sell unto your Petitioner y® said 
small Lott of ground, wherefore your Petitioner is willing 
to pay a reasonable Price for y® same, and as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &c. Anthony van Schayck. 

The Commonality after a vew of said Lott of ground have 
bargained and sold unto the said Anthony Sybrant van 
Schaick y^ said Lott of ground from y® s<* Creek south- 
warde to y^ highway by y® ruttenair [?] bridge, bounded 
east by Capt. Myndert Schuyler, and west by y® said Creek, 
that for ye summe of four pounds tenn shillings, with costs 
of drawing and recording y® transport^ which when delivered 
lie is to pay the money. 

April 19. — According to resolution on y® 28th of March 
last, y® estimate from y® assessors of this Citty is here pro- 
duced, and after vewed is approved off, amounting to 2704 
Ih.^ whereupon is layd 4Jc/ per lb., ordered that a warrant 
be issued to y® Treasurer for y® due collecting thereof be- 
fore y® first day of May next ensuing. 

April 25. — The humble Petition of Patrick McCregory 
souldier and Inhabitant of this Citty, humbly sheweth : 
That your Petitioner having formerly been admitted as a 

The City Records, 177 

porter in this Citty and for some time past has not been 
Implyed as such, your Petitioner prays your worshipful! to 
admit him a sworne porter for the said Citty, there being 
now but one, which if granted will be a great relief to your 
Petitioner's poor flPamily, &c. 

The said Patrick McGregory is permitted and appointed 
to be second porter of the said Citty accordingly. 

The humble Petition of Melgert Melgertse, of the Citty 
aforesaid, gunstocker, humbly sheweth : 

That whereas there lyes a certain parcell of ground within 
the bounds of this Citty, and on the north side of the Citty 
aforesaid, on both sides of the Vossen Creek, adjoyning on 
the west of the pasture belonging William Grysbertse of the 
s^ Citty, Carman ; [for which the petitioner was willing to 
pay a reasonable price; but his petition was rejected. At 
the same meeting William Gysbertse applied for the same 
lot, and was also refused.] 

The humble petition of Joh. Cuyler and Joh. Harmensen 
Visscher for themselves and for the rest of the Inhabitants 
of the Parrel street, beo-inning from your Petitioners south- 
ward to the house of William Claessen Grroesbeek, and op- 
posite to the house of his father Claes Jacobse Groesbeek 
included in the second ward of the s*^ Citty, sheweth : That 
a certain spring of water, coming out of the ground without 
the gates of the said Citty, towards the hills, just under the 
foot of the former burying place for severall years hereto- 
fore, was layd by gutters under y® ground in a well then 
erected in the said street, which gutters and well afterwards 
were spoyled, and since the necessity of water absolutely is 
required in case of fire, in the said Citty, a^id other uses 
for the Inhabitants aforesaid. Your Petitioners doe there- 
fore humbly pray your worshipfull in Common Councill as 
aforesaid, to permit unto your Petitioners the Lay ding of 
the said water Spring downwards to a convenient place near 
or about the gate of the said street, for the use as aforesaid, 
and that the Charges thereof may become to y® s^ Citty, 
if your worshipfull shall think it reasonable. Otherwise 
the s*^ Inhabitants shall Bare the same, &c. 

JoHANNis Cuyler. 
Johannes Harmse. 

178 The City Records, 

The aforesaid Petition being read in Common Councill 
have granted the Leading of s* Water for the uses therein 
expressed, and that the Charges shall become to the Inha- 
bitants of the aforesaid street, who are willing to contribute 
to the same, and that the placing of such a new well shall 
be reu;ulated by the Commonality of the said Citty. 

May 9. — Upon several Complaints to the Common Coun- 
cill, it is Ordered that an Address be made to his Excellency 
to sett forth the difficultys y® Inhabitants of this Citty lye 
under for want of a due payment of their Debts due to 
them from the souldiers of this Garrison. 

To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, Cap^ Ge- 
neral and Commander in Cheeflfe of y^ Province of 
New York, and Territories depending thereon in America. 

Tlie humble x\dres of the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality of y® Citty of Albany in Behalfe of themselves and 
other y® Inhabitants of y® s ^Citty, humbly sheweth : 

That the Inhabitants of this Citty, upon the Creditt of your 
Excellency's Order to y® officers of this garrison, at your 
departure last from this Citty, directing them to give the 
Souldiers Creditt for necessary Provisions, in pursuance of 
which direction the said officers have past their notes to be 
paid out of the first pay that should come to this Garrison, 
and where severall other of the Inhabitants out of a just re- 
guard to y® service of her Majesty have Credited y® Soul- 
diers with severall Necessarys and Provisions, to support 
them under difficulty of a severe and tedious winter, so that 
indeed the best part of the money in arreare to the Sould- 
yers is from them become due to y® Inhabitants. And 
the Inhabitants of this Citty, not y^ Souldiers, y*^ present 
sufi'erers, who for want of the same in a general Circulation, 
find extream Difficultys even in paying their very Taxes. 
Nor can we ommitt acquainting your Excellencys that Capt. 
Weems, at his arrival!, bringing with him a month's pay 
for y<^ two company's, upon y^ people carrying in their 
notes, utterly refused to deduct any part of the money from 
y^ men, affirming that he could not do it out of so small a 
payment. And a further Danger seems to attend us. In 

The City Eecords. 179 

report of ye pay behind, severall of the Souldiers so in- 
debted being deserted, and by experience wee have found 
that dead men and deserters are generally in their officers' 
debt. So that wee humbly hope from you Excellencys 
goodness such orders and instructions to y^ Commanding 
officers of each Company as may be for y^ ease and secu- 
rity of ye Inhabitants of this Citty forcing us to give your 
Excellency this trouble, by their reitterated complaints to us. 
Frans Winne, Johannes Schuyler, Mayor, 

Hend. Ooothout, Hend Hansen, Alderm'n, 


Anthony Coster, Johannis Roseboom, 
Ruth Melgertse, 

This Addresse is ordered to bee sent to His Excellency. 

May 22. — It is Resolved that ye Citty Stockadoes layd 
and assessed on ye Inhabitants &c. of this Citty, on y 8th 
of December, 1702, which were wanting to be sett up on 
ye first of May, 1703, must be sett up by ye freeholders and 
inhabitants of ye respective wards of this Citty, on y^ 29tli 
of this instant May, and in case any of ye said freeholders 
and inhabitants be found neglecting in delivering their 
quotas of said Stockadoes, according to ye taxt lists, shall 
pay as a fine for each stockadoe wanting, ye summe of IScZ 
currant money, and by distresse to be levied by ye sheriii' 
on his or their goods and chattels forthwith and ye neg- 
lecter still obliged to deliver ye same before the 31st of this 
instant, upon penalty of forfeiting ye like fine in manner as 
aforesaid ; further however if ye s i freeholders and in- 
habitants as shall be found unwilling or neglecting alter 
warning given to appear to make up said stockadoes on the 
29th of this Instant shall forfeit a fine of six shillings for 
each day so neglecting, to be levyed and for ye Behooffe of 
ye other Inhabitants as worke. 

The Commonality being informed that Egbert Teuuise 
and Dirk Bratt have Infenced a Lott of ground belonging 
to ye Citty, scituate, lying and being on y- north side of ye 
Citty, and on ye south side of ye lott of grounde belonging 
to ye widow of Jacob ten Eyck, whereupon ye Commonality 
thought fit to send for them. Dirk Bratt appearing in Com- 
monality, the Mayor told him y' y® Commonality have 
Resolved to give them warning to take downe said fence 

180 The City Records. 

again, before y^ first bell ringing for je Mayor's Court 
tomorrow morning, otherwise that a warrant shall be issued 
out of ye taking down of y^ same. 

The 23d of May a warrant is directed to Jacob Turke, 
high sheriffe, to take two sufficient persones to his assistants, 
and forthwith to break down y^ said fence. 

May 23^. — It is by y^ Commonality concluded and 
agreed, that Rob^ Livingston Jun. shall be payd yearly by 
y Commonality of y® s<*Citty of Albany, or their orders, 
the summe of £5 : 12s, for his service in attending ye said 
Commonality and supplying of paper, which sellary is to 
commence from ye 14th of June, 1703, until further pleasure. 
To whom ye following oath is given, viz^ : 

You swear that you will a true minute keep of y® Mayors 
Court and Commonality of ye Citty of Albany, and of y^ 
meetings of ye Justices of ye Citty and County of Albany 
ji foresaid, by noteing the Resolutions respectively when 
thereunto by them required, that you will also keep a true 
Record for ye said Citty and County, during the time you 
shall remain in that office, and be careful of such publick 
books and papers given to you in trust, acoording to ye 
best of your knowledge and understanding, so help you God. 

The Petition of Anthony Bratt, whereby he as Sexton 
desyresto be discharged of all publick charges, in like manner 
as his predecessor, Mr. Hendrik Roseboom dec^ , was ex- 
cused, being read, ye Commonality considering y- matter, 
doe not allow anything thereby requested. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sherifi'e, requests that ye Pro- 
clamation relateingye Indian Trade may be renewed in such 
maoner that two-thirds of ye fines be for him, and ye other 
half of the Citty, which is graunted accordingly, and or- 
dered that ye following Proclamation be published : 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 30th of May, 1701 : — Present, Johannis Schuyler, 
Mayor, David Schuyler, Johannis Roseboom, Johannis 
Cuyler, Johannis Mingael, aldermen ; Hend. Oothout, 
Anthony Coster, Abraham Schuyler, Gerrit Roseboom, 
Ruth Melgertse, assistants. 

Whereasye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality doe make 
pretention to a small streak of grounde, scituate, lyeing and 

The aty Records, 181 

being within ye fence and on ye south side of y® lott of 
grounde belonging to Paulus Martense, which y« Common- 
ality now doe sell unto y«^ s"* Paulus Martense, wherefore y® 
s^ Martense promiseth to pay ye summe of three pounds 
currant money of this Province (when a release thereof 
shall be delivered him), together with the Charges in draw- 
ing said Release, &c. 

Whereas y® s<* Commonality doe likewise make preten- 
tion to a small stroak of ground within y® fence of Mr. 
Albert Ryckman, which they likewise doe sell unto said 
Ryckman for y^ summe of three pounds currant money of 
this Province, which ground is situated on ye north side of 
ye s^ Ryckman's Lott of ground opposite to ye Citty Hall 
of Albany, for which summe of money ye s'^ Commonality 
are to give Release of s^ ground by ye Rec* thereof, pro- 
vided the s^ Ryckman pay ye charges for drawing s** Re- 
lease, &c. 

Mr. Mayor proposes the building of a Market House 
within the Citty, the which being put to ye vote, it is Re- 
solved, that a Market House shall be erected on the midst 
of the way in ye Jounker street, opposite to y® lane between 
ye house of Maj. Dirk Wessels and Evert Wendel Sen'r, at 
ye Citty*s charges, and that ye Mayor of s^ Citty, as being 
Clarke of ye Market, doe order that the same be forthwith 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 23d day of June, 1704. 

Resolved, that ye Persons who are neglecting in rijding 
their full quota of Citty Stockadoes, since ye resolution on 
ye 22^ of May, 1704, shall be Ride and sett up, viz' : ye 
neglectors on y® first warde from y® Blockhouse by ye 
Citty Hall northwarde, where ye old Stockadoes now stand ; 
ye neglectors of ye second warde and third warde, where 
ye Stockadoes stand behynde Mr. Mayor's, on or before ye 
first of July next ensueing, upon penalty of forfeiting as a 
fyne ye summe of 3s for each'Stockadoe as shall then be 
wanting, for ye Behooffe of ye s^ Citty. 

It is by ye Commonality concluded and agreed, that 
James Parker, marshall, shall be payd yearly by ye Com- 

Annals, iv. 16 

182 Tfie City Records, 

monality of y^ e^ Citty of Albany, the summe of £3 cur- 
rant money of this province for his service in attending y^ 
s*^' Commonality and y^ Mayor's Court, and for supplying 
fyre and candlelight in their meetings, which sellary is to 
commence y® 14th June, 1703, until further pleasure. 

July 25. — Resolved, that those men come with Capt. 
Higby be quartered out in publique housen, Daniel Kelley 
ten at 3s 9d each for every week, and John Collison the 
remainder of those come up, for the same price as before 
agree to be paid within ten days after the said soldiers be 

August 1. — Resolved, that the Constables doe take their 
turnes upon the sabbath day to inspect all the Tavern keep- 
ers within the Citty, that all Indians & Negroes found in 
any Tavern as aforesaid, that such Tavern Keeper so found 
to draw any Strong Liquer whatsoever to any Negro or 
Negros, Indian or Indians, whatsoever, upon the Sabbath 
Day as aforesaid, shall pay as a fine for each such Default 
the summe of 6s for any such Indian or Indians so found, 
and for the Negros according as the acts of Assembly directs. 
It is also Resolved, that the assessors make an assessment 
on the Inhabitants of the said Citty, for £30, for defraying 
the Citty Debts, within the space of twice twenty-four hours, 
and make their returne thereof by the Mayor. 

To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Cornbury, Cap*. 
Generall and Gov'r in Chiefe in and over the Provinces 
of New York and East and West Jersey. 

The humble address of the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Commonality of the Citty of Albany, sheweth : 

Whereas Cap^ Higby is arrived here y*^ 15th July last 
with nineteen souldiers under his command, for her Maj's 
service on these fronteers, and whereas ye said souldiers 
have no subsistence but what is ordered by your Excell : 
Petitioners, although the Province is obleadged to supply 
the Provisions thereof, since wee your Excell : Petitioners 
can procure no further Provisions for the same. 

Wee therefore your Excell : Petitioners humbly submitt 
that care may be taken in the premises, and your Petition- 
ers as in duty bound shall Ever Pray. 

The City Records. 183 

August 8. — The Commonality being desyreous to know 
what instructions Cap^ Higby hath received from his Ex- 
cellency relateing ye posting y*^ Detachment on y« fronteers 
of Albany, which Cap^ being desyred here doth appear. 
Producing his Instructions it appears that at y^ 

Half Moon is to be posted - 20 mea 

Schinnechtady, - - 20 

Canastagioene - - - 20 

Kinderhook, - - - 20 

Stonearabia, _ - - 10 

Greenbush, - - - 10 — 100 men in all. 

September 5. — It is by y^ Commonality concluded that 
a Proclamation shall be Proclaimed that no stacks of hay 
or straij shall be sett within this Citty on any person or 
persones yard, nor any stables erected on ye front of any 
high streets in said Citty, nor that any dung shall be 
turned out upon ye said streets, upon penality of forfeiting 
ye summe of 15s and obliged to remove ye same in ye space 
of thrice twenty-four hours, for ye Behooffe of ye sheriflFe, 
who is to sue for ye same. 

It is also resolved that ye streets be paved before each 
Inliabitant's door within this Citty, eight foot breadth from 
their houses and lotts, before ye 25th of October next en- 
sueing, upon penality of forfeiting the summe of 15s for je 
Behooffe of ye sheriffe, who is to sue fof ye same. 

Albany, this 14th day of October, 1704.— This day 
being appointed by ye Charter of ye Citty of Albany for ye 
Aldermen, Commonality, Assessors, Constables and Cham- 
berlain of ye sd Citty to be sworne, who are as followeth : 

The First Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Evert Banker, Hend. Oothout, 

David Schuyler. Dirk van der Heyden. 

Assessors. Constables. 

William Hogen, Coenrat ten Eyk, 

Coenraet ten Eyk. Stephanus Grroesbeek , 



The City Records, 

The Second Warde. 

Johannis Roseboom 
Joliannis Cuyler. 

Gysbert Marselis, 
Elbert Gerritse. 

Hend. Hanse, 
Johannis Mingael. 

flarpt Jacobse, 
Gerrit Ryckse. 

Gerrit Eosebooio. 
Abraham Cuyler. 

Barent Sanders. 
Johannis Luykasse, 


The Third Warde. 

Frans Winne, 
Ruth Melgertse. 

David Ketelheyn, 
Dirk Bratt, collector. 

Jacob Lansing, high constable. 
Anthony Bratt, treasurer. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty of Albany ye 
21st November, 1704 : — Present, Johannis Abeel, re- 
corder, six aldermen and five assistants. 

Whereas Coll. P. Schuyler and ye rest of y^ Court Mar- 
schal by their addresse of y^ 20th Instant, set forth that 
ye Burger Blockhouse is very much out of Repair so far 
that it is uncapable to keep guard in, and therefore desyre 
ye same may be Repaired in order, and ye great guns 
therein mounted, which being taken into consideration, the 
Commonality doe Resolve, that y^ same be forthwith Re- 
pared, vizt., ye Blockhouse in good order, to which end Mr. 
Frans Winne is appointed to see it done, as also that ye 
Citty Walls be closed at ye Citty's Charge, he delivering 
an account of his own charge and others thereto expended, 
and in case any person should prove unwilling to be assist- 
ing in Repairing and make ye work aforementioned, that 
then and in such case any alderman is hereby impoured to 
issue out his warrant for ye maintaining thereof. 

Whereas information is given that Candles for ye Citty 
Guards will henceforth be wanting, so it is that Mr. Hend. 

The City Records. 185 

Hansen doth engage to supply candles for ye same at y® 
price of 9c? per lb, to be paid by y^ Citty Treasurer. 

Whereas, Cap^. Higby appears in Common Councill 
desyreing that care may be taken to provide quarters or 
some convenient place for lodgeing to his company, where- 
upon y« Commonality have Resolved, that tickets be drawne 
on ye Inhabitants of this Citty for there quarters viz^ nine 
men in y^ first ward, and nine men in y« second ward, and 
six men in ye third ward, which tickets are to be given by 
ye Mayor, Recorder or Aldermen, for their said respective 

John Rateliffe doth humbly request that satisfaction may 
be given him for his service in making fyre for y^ Burger 
Guard and locking ye Cittys Grates &c. for ye last half year, 
expired ye 2d of this Instant. The Common Councill con- 
sidering ye matter, doe expect he shall give an account of 
the summe what's due to him, and that then further consi- 
deration shall be taken in that matter. 

The Petition of John Gilbert whereby he requesteth that 
ye one-third of ye forfeitures relateing ye Indian trade due 
to ye Citty may be remitted unto him, is read, which ye 
Commonality have referred until such time Mr. Mayor is 
present in Common Councill, in ye meantime is ordered that 
ye sheriffe doe deliver at ye next meeting an exact account 
of ye s'i forfeitures so due. 

Resolved that a warrant be issued to ye assessors of this 
Citty to lay an assessment of two hundred load of wood for 
fyreing to ye Blockhouses, and to makereturne thereof unto 
Mr. Mayor, in ye space fourteen days ensueing ye date 

It is further Resolved, and appointed for surveyors and 
fyremasters within this Citty, viz^., in ye first warde Joan 
Rosie and Johan. van Ale ye 2,^ warde Hend. Roseboom and 
Abraham Kip, and in ye 3^ warde Jacob Lansing and Fre- 
drek Harmense, and that for that purpose a warrant be di- 
rected to them or ye major part of them, to visit all voeder 
houses and fyreings within this Citty, once in each three 
weeks, and wherever ye same be held in unconvenient places 
to fyne ye owner thereof in ye summe of 6s. 

Resolved that ye Cryer goe round ye Citty and give notice 
to such person who have undertake without leave to use ye 

186 The City Records. 

leather and hooka belonging to this Citty, that they forth- 
with or at longest in y^ space of twice twenty-four hours, 
return ye same to its place on y« west side of ye Church, 
upon penalty of forfeiting y^ summe of 6s for such neglect. 

November 27th. — The Common Councill fyndeing that 
ye sheriffe according to ye late Resolution on ye 21st In- 
stant, hath not observed the same, so far as to deliver to 
this meeting an exact account of one-third of the forfeitures 
relateing ye Indian trade, as then was required, it is there- 
fore ordered that the said sheriffe, together with his late 
deputy Jo. Gilbert, doe deliver an exact account of ye said 
forfeitures at our next mayor ^s court, without fail. 

Ordered, that a Proclamation be issued out against re- 
tailing without lycence ; forfeit £5 for ye Behooffe of such 
as sues for ye same. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in ye Citty Hall of Albany, ye 
6th of December, 1704 : — Present, Johannis Schuyler, 
mayor. Job. Abeel, recorder, and four aldermen. 

James Parker by his Petition desyres that care may be 
taken for quarters against ye 1st of May 1705 for Liev^ Mat- 
thew Shanks, being ye said Parker hath necessary occasion 
then to use the house where ye s*^ Liev^ now dwells ; ye 
Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen, considering how often ye 
said Parker hath requested for the use of his said house, 
doe Resolve to acquaint his Excellency my Lord Cornbury 
hereof, so that a new order may be sent up to provide other 
Lodgeing for ye s^ Lievt. 

Att a Common Councill held in ye Citty Hall of Albany the 
19th of December, 1704. 

It is concluded by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality, 
that a Proclamation be published that no person or person es 
shall within ye walls or stockadoes of this Citty drive horse 
or horses before either slee, wagon or cart, or on horseback, 
on the streets of the said Citty faster than a stap or mode- 
rate trott, upon penalty of forfeiting for each such offence 
as a fyne the summe of 6s, and wherever any dung is 
turned out on ye streets of s^ Citty, or found on ye same 

The aty Records. 187 

upon Saturday in the week, then and in such case, the per- 
son or persones who are guilty thereof shall forfeit ye 
summe of 15s for ye behooffe of the sheriffe who is to sue 
for y« same. 

Jan. 25, 170^ — Mr. Frans Winne gives in an account 
for sundreys layd out of y^ fixing up of y^ Citty great 
gunns, Repaireing the Burger Blockhouse, &c. : it is Re- 
solved that a Committee be appointed to audit ye same, and 
make Return thereof y^ 30th Instant, and accordingly 
Evert Banker, Jobs. Cuyler, aldermen, Dirk van der Hey- 
den and Abraham Cuyler, assistance. 


Bounds passage, the narrow space inside of the wall left for 
the guard to patrol. 

Pand, pawn. 

Coop brieffe (koop brief), bill of sale. 

Chrounde brieffe, deed or conveyance. 

Leathers and hooks, Ladders and hooks. 

Boedel, personal effects. 

Somer tarwe, summer wheat. 

Slees, sleighs, 

Stap, walk, or pace. 

Ganastageone, Niskayuna. 

See also vol. ii, p. 143 ; vol. iii, p. 57, 1st ed. 

A difficulty in tracing names with certainty in these records arises 
from the practice with the Dutch of giving only the first name. 
For instance Rip van Dam having a son Claas, the latter would 
be frequently called Claas Ripse {Rip zoon), that is, Claas the son of 
Rip, to distinguish him from some other Claas, instead of using the 
surname. These instances occur on almost every page, and it re- 
quires a great deal of familiarity with the names of the citizens at 
this period to know who is intended by Oerrit Gerritse, Jan Janse, 
Jacob Jacobse, Melgert Melgertse, &c., &c. On page 168, Joachim 
Volkenburgh is called Jochim Lambertse, being the son of Lambert 
Volkenburgh. The surnames beginning vv^ith van come from the 
same practice of using Christian names. Thus Abraham van der 
Poel, is Abraham from {or of ) the Pond, to distinguish him from, 
perhaps, Abraham van der Heyden, that is from the heathen. The 
Scotch who have a great many words in common with the Dutch, 
have also John Johnson (Jan Jansen and Hanse Hansen in Dutch), 
Richard Dickson (Dirk Dirksen,) &c., &c. The subject can only 
be glanced at here. 

188 Flan of Albany, 1677. 


The diagram on the opposite page is a fac simile of the 
oldest plan of the city that has yet been discovered. It is 
reduced from the original manuscript in the office of the Se- 
cretary of State, preserved by Dr. O'Callaghan, in the series 
marked Land Papers, I, 58. It seems to embrace that part 
of the city now bounded by the river on the east, Beaver 
street on the south, Pearl street on the west, and Steuben 
street on the north. But two streets are denominated on 
the map, Joncaer straet, now State ; and Rom straet, now 
Maiden lane. Broadway is represented by parallel lines. 
The earliest title that we know for it, was Handelaer straet, 
as seen on a map made twenty years later. (/See Annals iii^ 
39, 1st ed). The walls, it will be seen, are pierced for six gates 
(poerts). The guard house seems to have occupied the old 
elm tree corner, and Pearl street was eighty feet wide, now 
eighty-four. The bridge (hrug) crossed the Ruttenkil just 
north of the foot of Beaver street. The dwellings Qiuysen') 
were thus confined within a narrow compass, and surrounded 
by a line of upright posts, of which pine seems to have been 
the customary material, thirteen feet long and one foot in dia- 
meter. The preservation of this wooden wall was expensive 
and vexatious to an extraordinary degree, as the records bear 
witness. Mandates went forth periodically to compel de- 
linquent burghers to produce and " sett their quotaes ; " and 
even forlorn widows were sternly commanded by the burgo- 
masters and schepens, in grim conclave at the Gitty hall, to 
*' ride their stockadoes ; " in default whereof the schout fiscaal 
was directed to strain l^d for each deficient stockadoe ! 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 191 




Passed hy the Oenerall Assembly of their Majesties' Province of 

New York. 

From 1691 to 1713.i 

It was directed that a court of sessions of the peace should 
be held for the city and county of Albany, at the City Hall 
of the said city on the first Tuesday in June, the first Tuesday 
in October, and the first Tuesday in February, '' for the in- 
crease of virtue and discouraging of evil doers," "to hold 
and continue for the space and time of two dayes and no 
longer." And for the more regular and beneficial distribution 
of justice to the inhabitants, a court of common pleas was 
ordered to be held at the same place, to begin the day after 
the sessions terminates, and to be held for two days only, by 
one judge and three justices, to hear, try and determine all 
things triable at the common law. 

In order to supply the troop of horse, it was required that 
" whenever the said troop shall not compleat the number of 
fifty, to present double the number instead of such as are 
dead, removed or wanting, out of the principal inhabitants 
and gentlemen of the city, unto the governor for the time 
being, who from time to time may list and order so many of 
them to be of the said troupe as may compleat the number 
of fifty for their majesties service, and the security of this pro- 
vince," who were obliged to serve under a penalty of five 
pounds fine. 

It was enacted that for the good government and rule of 
their majesties subjects, a session of a general assembly should 
be held in the province once in every year. To this assem- 
bly Albany was allotted two representatives, and the colony 

1 These laws Berve better than any thing else we have met with 
to show the great expense and anxiety of the citizens and the go- 
vernment, in defending the frontiers at Albany. 

192 Public Acts relating to Albany, 

of Rensselaerswyck one. Every freeholder, by which was 
understood every person who had forty shillings per annum 
in freehold, had a free choice and vote in the electing of re- 
presentatives. Representatives were paid ten shillings cur- 
rent money of the province per day, from the time of their 
going out till their return home; which was a city charge. 

An Act to enable the city of Albany to defray their neces- 
sary charge. 

Forasmuch as the inhabitants of the city and county of 
Albany have been during the time of the late disorders, very 
much aggrieved, wasted, destroyed, and impoverished by the 
incursions of the French, their majesties declared enemies, 
and that it is absolutely necessary that some suitable and 
convenient way should be found out for their relief and more 
easy defraying of the necessary charge of that city and county, 
be it therefore enacted by the governor and council, and 
representatives convened in general assembly, and it is here- 
by enacted by the authority of the same, that the imposition 
or rate of two per cent shall be raised and levied upon all 
Indian goods that are brought up to that city and county of 
Albany, and there sold or consumed. And also that the im- 
post of three pence be raised and levied upon each gallon 
of rum, that is sold and consumed within that city and county. 
And for the due and orderly collecting of the said respective 
imposts and rates, the treasurer of the said city for the time 
being, or any appointed by him, and the mayor of the said 
city, under the public seal of the said city, are hereby 
empowered and authorized to appoint, constitute and esta- 
blish a collector or receiver of the rates and imposts aforesaid, 
who shall have power to receive the same, and to enter in a 
fair book, kept for that purpose, all such sum and sums of 
money as shall be so entered and received for the respective 
duties aforesaid ; the said collector or receiver appointing 
certain convenient times and places for the keeping of the 
office, as shall be directed by the court of mayor and alder- 
men and assistants of the said city. And all persons that 
trade and bring up to the said city and county the afore- 
mentioned Indian goods and rum, are hereby required to 
make a report of the quantity and value of such goods and 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 193 

rum they so bring up and sell in the city and county afore- 
said, and pay the duties and impost hereby established, 
without being at any further charge than the said duty. 
And in default hereof it shall be lawful for the mayor, trea- 
surer, or any other officer hereby authorized, to issue out 
his or their warrant, under his or their hand and seal, for 
the seizing of all such goods and rum as shall be imbezzled, 
and not pay the duties aforesaid, one third to the informer, 
one third to the said city and county of Albany, and one 
third to his excellency the governor commander in chief for 
the time being. Provided that all the sum or sums of 
money that are hereby received, shall be only appropriated 
and applied to the defraying of the necessary charges of the 
city and county aforesaid. And that the treasurer, collector 
or receiver for the time being, shall not pay any of the 
money received as aforesaid, but by a warrant from the 
mayor of the said city, and approved by the court of alder- 
men and assistants. Provided, that this act shall only 
remain in force for the space of three years, and no longer, 
any thing contained herein to the contrary in any wise not- 

An act for the raising of two thousand pounds for paying 
and defraying the incidental charges, according to esta- 
blishment of one hundred fuzileers, with their proper offi- 

" For the securing the frontiers of this province in the 
county of Albany, it is thought convenient that his excellency 
the captain general, do raise one company to consist of one 
hundred fuzileers, with their proper officers, which shall 
remain in the said county, for the defence thereof, one whole 
year, to commence on the 28th day of March now last past.'' 
Of the sum of £2000 ordered to be raised by this act, the 
city and county of Albany was rated £180. This was fol- 
lowed by another act for raising and paying one hundred and 
fifty men, forthwith, for the reinforcement and defence 
of Albany for" six months. This act set forth that the front- 
iers of Albany were in imminent danger of being lost, being 
daily threatened with invasion by the French, and that 
as all their majesties neighboring plantations depended 

Annals, iv. 17 

194 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

on having this place well secured ] and for the effectual 
doing of which, application had been made to the neighboring 
plantations without effect, therefore it was determined to 
raise one hundred and fifty men to reinforce Albany, who 
should serve six months, from the first day of November, 
1691. Fifteen hundred pounds was ordered to be raised for 
their support, of which sum the city of Albany was assessed 
one hundred and thirty pounds. 

At the third session of the G-eneral Assembly, begun in 
the city of New York on the 19th April, 1692, an act was 
passed '' for raising two hundred men with their proper 
officers for the securing and reinforcing of Albany in the 
frontiers of this province." It recited that, " whereas the 
forces lately raised for the reinforcing and securing the 
frontiers at Albany, are not to continue in the service longer 
than the first of May next ensuing; and forasmuch as it is 
absolutely necessary for the safety of all their majesties 
neighboring colonies and plantations, as well as for the se- 
curity of this province, that there be and remain at that 
place sufficient force for the defence thereof; and whereas 
the present state and condition of this province is such, that 
they are not able at this time to make sufficient provision of 
men and money for the reinforcing of that place, as is truly 
necessary for the maintaining such a considerable post, which 
is the only Bull-work of defence for all their majesties neigh- 
boring colonies and plantations in this main of America : yet 
that the said place may not be deserted nor the Indians, who 
have been so constant to us, discouraged ; Be it therefore 
enacted by the commander-in-chief and council, and repre- 
sentatives convened in general assembly, and by the author- 
ity of the same, that the commander-in-chief do issue out 
his warrants to the chief military officers in the respective 
cities and counties undernamed, for the raising of 2u0 
men, armed as the law directs, with their proper officers, 
in such proportions hereafter mentioned, to consist and make 
two distinct companies of fuziliers, for the reinforcement 
and security of the frontiers of this province in the county 
of Albany aforesaid, which shall continue and remain in the 
county of Albany, for the defence and security thereof, for 
the space of five months, to commence on the first day of 
May next ; and to end and terminate on the first day of 
October then following.^' 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 195 

For the payment and maintenance of these soldiers, an 
assessment of £1500 currant money of the province was or- 
dered. New York was to furnish £3-t5 for 46 men ; the 
county of Westchester £127 : lO.s. for 17 men; the county 
of Richmond £67 : 10s. for 9 men ; the counties of Ulster 
and Dutchess £210 for 28 men; the county of Suffolk £300, 
for 40 men; the county of Kings £210 for 28 men; the county 
of Queens £225 for 30 men ; the county of Orange £15 for 
2 men The soldiers and money were to be ready by the 
first of May under severe penalties. The commander in-chief 
was authorized to borrow £700 at ten per cent, to prevent 
delay or embarrassment. 

At the fourth session of the General Assembly begun in 
the city of New York on the 14th August, 1692, another 
act was passed, similar to the preceding, for raising 220 men, 
to be peremptorily at Albany on the first day of October, 
and there to continue seven calendar months. For their 
payment and maintenance £2860 was ordered to be raised. 
The respective counties were allowed to pay the sums allot- 
ted to them in currant silver money at New York, or in 
good merchantable provisions at the following rates. Pork, 
50s. a barrel; beef, 32s. 6r?. a barrel; winter wheat, 4s. a 
bushel; tallow 4^r?. a pound. 

At the fifth session of the G-eneral Assembly begun 
in the city of New York on the 24th of October, 1692, 
some of the general laws of the previous sessions were re- 
vised. It was ordained that there should be held in the 
city and county of Albany two fairs yearly ; the first at Al- 
bany, commencing on the first Tuesday of July and continue 
four days ; the second to be held at Grawlier in Rensselaers- 
wyk, on the third Tuesday in October, to continue four days 
and no longer. 

In September, 1693, an act was passed for raising £6000 
for the paying of 300 volunteers and their officers, to be 
employed in the reinforcement of the frontiers of the pro- 
vince at Albany. 

In October, 1694, an act was passed for raising £500 to 
pay 100 men for the same purpose. 

In March, July and October, 1695, the following acts 
were passed : 

3 96 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

An act for raising £2660 to pay 170 men for securing 
the frontiers at Albany, 

An act to enable the city of Albany to defray their neces- 
sary charge. 

An act for raising £800 for paying the soldiers employed 
in defending the frontiers. 

An act for raising £864: 15s. for paying a company of 
fuzileers on the frontiers. 

An act for raising £700 to enable his excellency to keep 
the men that are now in the companies appointed by his 
majesty, and to encourage others to list themselves. 

An act for raising £500 to pay 100 men to be raised for 
reinforcing the frontiers. 

In March and April, 1696, were passed : 

An act for raising 120 effective men, to be employed for 
the reinforcement of the frontiers in the county of Albany, 
and for raising the sum of £2593 : Qs. 8d., to be distributed 
by his excellency among the said men. and the rest of the 
four companies sent over by his majesty. 

In October, 1696, being the 4th session of the fifth As- 
sembly, an act was passed " for raising 100 men to be listed 
in his majesties three companies posted at Albany, for the 
security of the frontiers and for the raising of £1200 for 
the encouraging such as shall list themselves in the said 
companies, and for the defraying of other contingent charges 
at the said frontiers." 

This act recites that " whereas the provision that was 
lately made for the reinforcing and strengthening the fron- 
tiers of this province at Albany, hath not had that effect 
that was designed, many of the soldiers that were listed in 
his majesty's companies, and posted there having deserted 
the service, whereby the said frontiers are much weakened," 
it was enacted that £1200 should be raised by a levy upon 
all the " inhabitants, residents, sojourners and freeholders" 
in the province to be employed in raising 100 effective men 
to be added to the 221 men already posted there. A bounty 
of five pounds was given to such as voluntarily enlisted, and 
one pound to any person who should procure any one to en- 
list. A further sum of £200 was to be raised in the same 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 197 

way, to be expended by Peter Schuyler, Derick Wessels and 
Killian Van Rensselaer, in procuring corn and other neces- 
sary provisions for the Oneida and Onondaga Indians, whose 
castles had been destroyed by the French. A further sum 
of £200 was to be raised in the same manner and entrusted 
to the same persons, for the purpose of employing " scouts 
of Christians and Indians " to watch the motions of the 
enemy, to prevent false alarms, which had occasioned great 
charge, and discontent. 

By the act of 1696, for raising $864 : 15s. the following 
pay was fixed upon. 

An establishment for the pay of a company of Fuzeleers im- 
ployed on the Frontiers, at present under the command 
of Major Schuyler, for the security of the Frontiers of this 
Province in Albany, from the first day of August last un- 
til the first day of March next following : 

The Captain a 212 days, at 8s. per diem, 

One Lieutenant at 4s. per diem, 

One ditto at 3s. per diem, - - . - 

4 Sergeants at Is. Qd. each per diem, 

50 private Centinels at 1267. each per diem. 

One Town Major at 4s. per diem. 

One Chyrurgion at 2s. ^d. - . - 

For Incidentals, - - _ - . - 

One Muster Master from 1st August to 10th 

October, at 2s. Qd. per diem, - - - 8 15 
For do from 10th Oct. to 1st March, 142 

days at Is. 7 02 



















£864 15s. 

By an act passed the same year, the city of Albany was 
assessed £60 as its proportion of £1000 ordered to be raised 
for the purpose of sending an agent to London, to represent 
to the king " how far the security of thefronteers at Albany 
hath been a barrier and place of defence for the preservation 
of all his majesty's adjacent colonies, and withal to represent 
unto his majesty the heavy burdens that hath lain upon the 

198 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

inhabitants of this province since the beginning of this war," 
and to request that means might be devised to ease them of 
these burdens in future. 

An act was passed by the general assembly in March, 
179i, for raising £2300 for securing the fronteers at Al- 
bany, and recruiting the three companies posted there. Also 
an act to enable the city of Albany to defray their necessary 

An act for raising £1500 for Gov. Bellomont, and £500 
for the Lieut. Gov. Nanfan, assesses Albany £120, as its 
proportion of the same, was passed 179-|. 

An act was passed in the latter yjcar for annulling several 
extravagant grants of land made by Col. Fletcher, while 
governor of the province. One of these was a grant "unto 
Mr. Godfrey Dellius, bearing date the 3d September, 1696, 
and registered in the secretary's office containing a certain 
tract of land lying upon the east side of Hudson's river, be- 
tween the north most bounds of Saraghtoga and the Rock 
Rossian, containing about 70 miles in length, and goes back 
into the woods from the said Hudson's river 12 miles, until 
it comes unto the wood back, and so far as it goes, be it 12 
miles more or less from Hudson's river, on the east side, and 
from said creek by a line 12 miles distant from said river ; 
to have and to hold said land and appurtenances unto him 
the said Godfrey Dellius his heirs and assigns forever, under 
the rent reserved of one racoon skin per annum. 

And whereas there is another extravagant grant of land 
made unto the said Godfrey Dellius, William Pinhorn, and 
Evert Banker, &c., sealed also with the seal of the province, 
and bearing date the 30th of July, 1697, containing a cer- 
tain tract of vacant land lying upon Mohaques river, above 
a place commonly known by the name of Orrakkee, begin- 
ning from a place called by the nation Owehdiere, and run 
up along the said river about 50 mile* more or less to a place 
called Arach Schone two miles on each side of the river as 
it runs: to have and to hold the said tract of land and appur- 
tenances unto the said Godfrey Dellius, Evert Banker, W. 
Pinhorn, &c., their heirs and assigns forever, under the re- 
served rent of one beaver skin for the first seven years, and 
five beaver skins yearly forever thereafter. That it having 
appeared before the house of representatives that Mr. Godfrey 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 199 

Dellius has been a principal instrument in deluding the 
Mohaque Indians, and illegal and surreptitious obtaining of 
said grant, that he ought to be and is hereby suspended from 
the exercise of his ministerial functions in the city and 
county of Albany. 

At the seventh legislative session, begun on the 19th 
August, 1701, it was enacted, by reason that the engineer 
was out of the province, and the necessity of putting the 
frontier in defense was immediate, a part of the money raised 
for building a fort in the Indian country should be used for 
repairing the forts at Albany and Schenectady, namely; 
£150 to be put into the hands of John Bleeker, Sen., Hen- 
drick Hansen and Peter Van Brugh, for the immediate re- 
pair of the fort at Albany, and £50 to Ryer Schermerhorn 
and Isaac Switz for repairing the fort at Schenectady. 

At the session of the General Assembly begun October 
20, 1702, the first year of Queen Anne. "Whereas by the 
great neglect of those who have lately exercised the powers 
of government in this colony, the fortifications on the fron- 
teers thereof have run to ruin and decay,^' and the safety of 
the colony greatly depended on making good and preserving 
the fortifications and outposts, it was enacted that £1800 
should be raised for maintaining 150 fuzileers for five months, 
and 30 men as scouts for 62 days; the fuzileers to be posted 
on the fronteers at or near Albany, from the 15th November 
to the 15th April. Of the above sum Albany, which for 
many years seems to have paid its tax by quartering the sol- 
diers, was now apportioned £144. 

An act was also passed at the same session for raising 
£2000 for Lord Cornbury, the city and county of Albany 
being assessed £120 towards the sum. 

In order " that the breed of wolves in this colony may 
be wholly rooted out and extinguished," an act was passed 
fixing different rewards in different counties. for the destruc- 
tion of those animals. " In the county of Albany 10s. for 
a grown Wolf, killed either by Christians or Indians, and 
half that sum for a whelp." 

At the session begun on the 13th April, 1703, an act was 
passed obliging persons to pay their arrears of £1000 tax 
" laid in the 12th year of Wil'liam III, 1700," for building 
"a fort in Onondage;" in which it was directed that the ar- 

200 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

rears of tlie said sum of £1000, as well as what had already 
been raised for that purpose, should be applied towards carry- 
ing on the fortifications at Albany. 

An act was also passed at this session to enable the just- 
ices of the peace of the city and county of Albany, to repair 
or rebuild a common jail, city and county hall, and to pay 
the arrears of their public charge. It authorized the raising 
by a tax a sum not exceeding £400 for that purpose, during 
three years. 

In 1704, an act was passed " to charge the several cities 
and counties of this colony with £143 10s. lOtf. for fitting 
and furnishing a room for the general assembly, with a lobby, 
in the City Hall of New York." The share of this expense 
allotted to Albany was £9 19s. 5f/. 

In 1705 an act was passed " for defraying the common 
and necessary charges of the Manner of Rensselaerwick in the 
county of Albany." It made it lawful for the inhabitants 
of the manor to elect yearly one supervisor, one assessor and 
collector; and directed that the wages of their representatives 
in the assembly should be the same as in the other cities and 
counties of the province, which was 10s. a day, g,nd that the 
inhabitants of the manor should be liable only for the wages 
and charges of their own representative. 

Also an act to raise £100 additional to the £400 pre- 
viously authorized to build the jail and city hall, the latter 
sum proving inadequate to the completion of the work. The 
manor of Rensselaerswyck was not to be chargeable, with any 
portion of the £100 assessment. 

Also " an act to prevent the running away of negro slaves 
out of the city and county of Albany to the French in Canada.'' 
" Whereas the city and county of Albany on the frontiers of 
this province towards the French of Canada, and that it is of 
great concerns to this colony, during this time of war with 
the French, that no intelligence be carried from the said city 
and county to the French at Canada; and whereas the just- 
ices of the peace for the said city and county at a court of 
sessions held at the city hall of the said city of Albany on 
the fifth day of June of this present year of our Lord, 1705, 
did recommend to the representatives of the said city and 
county to lay before the assembly of this province, now con- 
vened, the fears and jealousies they have, that several ne- 

Public Acts relating to Albany. 201 

gro slaves belonging to the inhabitants there, have a design 
to leave their respective owners and go to the French at 
Canada, as some have already done, which has and would be 
to the great loss and detriment of the owner or owners of 
such negro slave or slaves, and also of very pernicious con- 
sequence to the whole province * * be it enacted * * 
that all and every negro slave or slaves belonging to any 
of the inhabitants of the city and county of Albany, who 
shall from and after the first day of August, of this present 
year of our Lord, 1705, be found traveling forty miles above 
the city of Albany, at or above a certain place, called Sarach- 
toge. unless in company of his, her, or their master, mistress, 
or such employed by them, or either of them, and be thereof 
convicted by the oaths of two or more credible witnesses, be- 
fore the court of sessions of the peace of this city and county, 
* * * shall suffer the pains of death as in cases of felony." 

It was further enacted that any slave belonging to an in- 
habitant of the county, who should be found offending against 
this act after the first of August, should be conveyed to the 
next justice of the peace, and be by him committed to jail, 
without bail or mainprise. The justice was required to no- 
tify the owner, that he might appear and nominate one or 
more indifferent persons to appraise the value of the slave, 
the justice appointing as many more to meet with them for 
that purpose. The appraisers were to make their return 
within two days in order that if the slave should be con- 
victed and executed, in order that the sum of such appraise- 
ment and the charges of prosecution might be levied and 
collected of all persons owning slaves ; and the valuation of 
the slave paid to the owner thereof. To avoid any difference 
concerning the value of any slave, it was enacted that any 
negro slave, male or female, above the age of fifteen years, 
fit for service, should be rated and assessed at thirty pounds, 
for the purpose of defraying the above charges. The law 
was to continue in force during the war with the French. 

" An act for regulating slaves " was passed in the first 
year of Queen Anne, 1702, which forbade any person to 
trade with a slave, without the consent of his owner, under 
a penalty of £5 and treble the value of the article traded 
for. The owners of slaves were permitted to punish them 
for offences at discretion, "not extending to life or member." 

202 Public Ads relating to Albany. 

"And forasmuch as the number of slaves in the cities of 
New York and Albany, and also in other towns within this 
province, doth daily increase, and that they have been 
found oftentimes guilty of confederating together in run- 
ninoj away, or other ill practices," it was enacted that there- 
after it should not be lawful for above three slaves to meet 
together except for some servile employment for their 
owners, under the penalty of being whipt upon the naked 
back not exceeding forty lashes. A common whipper was 
to be appointed whose salary was to be raised by a tax upon 
slave owners not exceeding three shillings for every slave 
owned. In case any slave should presume to assault or 
strike any free man or woman professing Christianity, the 
justices of the peace were authorized to commit him to im- 
prisonment for foui teen days, and inflict corporal punishment 
at discretion. Persons were prohibited from employing or 
harboring the slaves of others under heavy penalties. "And 
whereas slaves are the property of Christians, and can not, 
without great loss or detriment to their masters or mistresses, 
be subjected in all cases criminal, to the strict rules of the 
laws of England," it was enacted that if any slave by theft 
or other trespass, should damnify any person to the value of 
five pounds or under, his owner was liable to make satisfaction. 
No slave was allowed to be good evidence in any matter ex- 
cepting in cases of plotting and confederacy among themselves, 
either to run away, kill or destroy their owner, or burning 
of houses or barns, or barracks of corn, or killing their own- 
er's cattle, and that against one another, in which case the 
evidence of one slave was allowed to be good against another 

An act was also passed for levying and collecting £1300 
for the defence of the frontiers. 

An act to enable the justices of the peace of the city and 
county of Albany to raise the sum of £100 for the rebuild- 
ing of a common jail and city hall. 

In 1706 an act was passed, for the better raising, levying 
and defraying the necessary charge of the Manor of Rensse- 
laerwyck in the county of Albany. 

An act for raising a fund of £983 10s. for the defence of 
the frontiers, &c. 

In 1708, an act for raising a fund of £1200 for presents 
to the Five Nations, and for defence of the frontiers. 

Public Acts relating to Albany, 203 

In 1709 a law was passed for raising £6000 towards defra}'- 
ing the charges of an expedition to Canada, of which £(500 
was assessed on the county of Albany. Another act was 
passed at the same session for raising £4000, of which £175 
10s. was apportioned to x\lbany. 

An act to revive the act prohibiting the selling or giving 
of rum to the Indians of the county of Albany. 

x\n act for the treasurer's issuing bills of credit to pay the 
present debt of the expedition to Canada, and other uses. Of 
the sums appropriated to Albany, were the following. To 
Col. Killian Van Rensselaer, Maj. Derrick Wessels, and 
Minclert Schuyler, appointed commissioners for managing 
the affairs relating to the provisions and all other necessaries 
for the said expedition, as hath been sent to them at x-\ibany, 
375 oz. of plate, or 545^ Lyon dollars. To Johannes Cui/ler 
their clerk 75 oz. plate, or 109 Lyon dollars. To John and 
Abraham Schuyler and their attendants 125 oz. plate or 
18 If Lyon dollars for their services and expenses in a jour- 
ney to Onondaga and other Indians by order of the govern- 
ment. To the commissioners for managing the Indian affairs 
at Albany, 1850 oz. plate 2018i dollars, 650 oz. (or 945J) 
to be paid such Christians and Indians as shall be employed 
for out-scouts for the defence of the frontiers this winter. 
362^^ oz. ($227 and 4pwts.) far fire and candles for the gar- 
risons of Albany and Schenectady. 151 oz. (8218) for ne- 
cessary repairs of the blockhouses and building a new one 
for lodging the regular troops at Albany. To David Schuyler 
37 J oz. ($54 J), and to Lawrence Claessen 25 oz. plate ($^62) 
for their journey to Onondage in May last. 

An act for the better watching and guarding the city of 

An act for the city and county of Albany to pay their ar- 
rears due to their representatives and for other uses. 

In 1710, An act for repairing the t)lockhouses and other 
fortifications of the city of Albany and town of Schenectady. 

Present necessity requiring that the act to prevent the 
selling or giving of rum or other strong liquors to the In- 
dians in the county of xllbaoy, expired by limitation, it was 
reenacted to be in force until June next ensuing. "And 
whereas Mr. John Cuyler did farm the excise at Albany, for 
one whole year upon the 7th day of July last for the sum of 

204 Public Ads relating to Albany. 

£131, at which time the prohibition of selling rum and other 
strong liquors to the Indians in the county of Albany was 
limited by an act of general assembly only for three months, 
which prohibition is now revived, whereby the said Cuyler 
will be a loser, in regard the Indians consumed a great deal 
of strong liquor," it was enacted, " that what damage the 
said John Cuyler shall sustain by the said prohibitiou shall 
at the expiration of the year be taken into consideration 
by the general assembly, and allow him as they shall think 
fit and reasonable." 

An act for the better watching and guarding of the city 
of Albany. Forasmuch as divers officers, both civil and 
military, inhabiting in the city of Albany, the frontier of 
this colony, claim a privilege to be exempted and free from 
watching, some upon pretence of law, and others by custom, 
and it being now a time of danger, be it enacted, that all 
the civil officers, and all those that formerlv have had mili- 
itary commissions and are not now in immediate command, 
and others who are not listed in the city companies or troops 
inhabiting in the city of Albany (except ministers of the gos- 
pel), be obliged to list themselves in a company which is to 
be commanded by a captain and two lieutenants, as the go- 
vernor shall appoint out of the said civil or military officers; 
which company is hereby directed and ordered to take its 
respective turn in mounting and keeping the night guards, 
in some convenient place in the city, as other companies of 
the militia of said city do. If any of the alcove uamed officers 
should refuse to accept such commission, they were to forfeit 
£20, one half to go to the prosecutor, and the other towards 
fortifying the city. Any citizen not a member of the military 
company who should not enlist in the space of 30 days 
after publication of the act, was to forfeit £6; and any one 
of said company refusing or neglecting to mount guard in 
his turn, and keep th*e night guard, or send a fit substitute, 
forfeited 3 shillings. In time of alarm all the inhabitants 
of Albany " except those of Schenectady," as well as those 
listed in the military company as those not, were required 
upon the first warning to come into the city of x\lbany, 
with their arms, for its defence, under a penalty of £50. 
[Published Nov. 12, 1709.] 

An actfor the cityand county of Albany to pay the arrears 
due to their representatives, and for other uses. This act 

Public Acts relating to Albany, 205 

sets fortli that notwithstanding several acts of the assembly 
to the contrary, sundry persons who had served as members 
for the city and county of Albany, had been kept out of their 
lawful allowance, while others who had served both before 
and after them had been duly paid ; to prevent which for 
the future it was enacted that the supervisors, assessors and 
collectors for the city and county, except the manor of Rens- 
selaerwyck, should within six weeks after notice given, 
raise by tax a sum not exceeding £200, for the payment of 
Myndert Schuyler's salary for the years 1702 to 1706 inclu- 
sive; and John Cuyler and Peter Van Brugh for the years 
1705 and 1706 ; the said officers to see that the money was 
raised and paid over, under a penalty of £50, and to observe 
the payment of the same expenses in future under like pen- 
alty for omission. 

And forasmuch as there was a want of public wells in the 
first and second wards for extinguishing fires, it was made 
lawful for the common 'council to raise money by tax not 
exceeding £30 in each ward for one or more stone wells in 
each ward for public use. 

It was further enacted that forever thereafter upon the 
change of supervisors and treasurers, by annual election, 
those officers should deliver over to their sucessors their 
books of public accounts and other papers relating to their 
offices; and that citizens should have access to the same for 
a week previous to the day of election. 

That the freeholders and inhabitants of Coxhacky and 
Catskill, and all those lying to the south of the manor of 
Rensselaerwyck, on the west side of Hudson's river, as far 
as the county of Albany extends, and the freeholders and in- 
habitants of that part of the manor of Livingston, living on 
the north side of Roeloffe Jansen's kill, and all the inhabit- 
ants to the northward of the manor of Rensselaerwyck, if 
they thought fit might elect one supervisor, two assessors 
and one collector, for their respective ward or precinct. 

In 1712 an act for the better repairing the fortifications 
of the city of Albany and town of Schenectady, and provid- 
ing their military watches with fire wood. 

In 1713 an act for the treasurer's paying the sum of 125 
oz. of plate unto Peter Van Brugh and Hendrick Hansen, 
Esq., late Commissioners at Albany. 

AnnalSj iv. 18 

206 RochefoucaulULiancour tin Albany, 1795. 

IN ALBANY, 1795. 

[The Duke de la Rochefoucault-Liancourt was one of the 
most amiable and best informed of the French nobility who 
were exiled by the revolution. In the year 1795 he made 
a journey for philosophical and commercial observation 
throughout a great part of North America, and communi- 
cated his observations to the world in a valuable narrative, 
from which that portion relating to Albany and its vicinity 
is given below. He was a traveler of no ordinary discern- 
ment and diligence, in inquiry; but falls into the customary 
errors of brief sojourners, who speak freely of persons and 
places which they do not have time and opportunity to be- 
come thoroughly acquainted with.] 

He set out from Philadelphia in May, and passed through 
the state of Pennsylvania into Canada. On the 25th of July 
he arrived at Oswego on his return from Canada, where he 
learned that American vessels sailed from that place less 
frequently during the harvest than at other times, which 
would probably occasion him some delay. Being both im- 
patient to quit the English dominioos, he says, and afraid 

^ Francois Alexandre Frederic, duke de Rochefoucault- 
Liancourt, born in 1747, was a member of the constituent 
assembly in 1789, after the dissolution of which he took the mili- 
tary command at Rouen, in his capacity of lieutenant general 
(1792). After the 10th of August, the duke de Liancourt, as he was 
then styled, left France, and resided for eighteen months in Eng- 
land. He then traveled through the United States, whence he re- 
turned in 1798, and, after the 18th Brumaire, returned to France, 
where he devoted himself to the promotion of the useful arts and 
to benevolent oflBces. It was through his influence that vaccination 
was introduced into France. After the restoration, he was created 
a peer, but on account of the liberality of his sentiments, was, in 
1823 and 1824, excluded from the council of state, and removed 
from the several boards of which he was a member ; among others, 
of that for the encouragement of vaccination. This venerable phi- 
lanthropist and patriot, whose last years were persecuted by the 
intemperate zeal of political bigotry, died at Paris, in 1827, at the 
age of eighty-one years. His life, by his son, was published the 
same year. His principal work is his Voyage dans les Etats Unis, 
8 vols., 8vo [of which a translation was published in England in 
2 vols. 4to,] — Encyclopcedia Americana. 

Rochefoucaidi-Llancourt in Albany, 1795. 207 

to incur too great an expense by hiring a whole ship for 
ourselves, we were walking, in some degree of perplexity, 
on the bastion along the shore, when we discovered a vessel 
approaching. The soldiers, who have learned hatred and 
contempt of the Americans along with the manual exercise, 
perceiving the attention with which we observed her ap- 
proach, said to us, " Why, gentlemen, that is nothing: she 

is but a vessel of the d d Yankees;" and it was exactly 

a vessel of the Yankees, we wished to obtain. Mr. Van- 
alien, an American, who resides in the vicinity of Albany, 
commanded the vessel ; he came on shore shortly after, to 
procure some fresh provision, of which he stood in need, 
and to cure himself of an intermittent fever, that he had 
cau^t in the woods. From want of an inn,he hadnooppor- 
tunity of buying any at the fort; the officers might have 
easily supplied him with some vegetables; but in the opinion 
of a British officer, it is neither necessary nor decent to suc- 
cor a Yankee. 

Mr. Yanallen, although thus disappointed in his hope of 
finding in Oswego the necessary succor for his recovery, 
yet promised us two places in his vessel. He could not 
however set sail for Albany sooner than the next day, or per- 
haps in two or three days, afterhaving been joined by three 
other vessels which he expected, and in quest of which he 
returned to a certain a point on the lake. 

Two whole days elapsed, and the third began to press 
heavy upon us, when being alone in the fort, I at last de- 
scried two vessels with my telescope, which was constantly 
pointed to the coast, whence I expected my deliverance; my 
effects were soon packed up and my stores collected. Whether 
these vessels belonged to Mr. Yanallen or any other person, 
we were determined to seize upon the first opportunity of 
departing from Oswego. It was Mr. Yanallen ; he had been 
joined but by one of the vessels, and had resolved not to 
wait for the rest; yet as it was already noon, as his vessels 
were heavy laden, and the rapids two miles from Oswego, 
which he was obliged to pass, would have detained him too 
long to make much way the remainder of the day, he pro- 
posed to us, to follow him on foot, at four o'clock the next 
morning. We thought it better to share his tent with him 
that very evening. 

208 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

"VVe set out at break of day, and yet were not able to ad- 
vance more than ten miles, the whole day. The navigation 
of the river Oswego is extremely troublesome, as there is 
but very seldom sufficient water, even for pushing the vessel 
along. Each of our vessels, it is true, carried about one ton 
and a half, but each was worked too by three men. 

Mr. Vanallen, in whose vessels we took our passage, is mem- 
ber of the congress for the county of Albany in the state 
of New York. He is also a geometer and surveyor. His 
age, and, no doubt, his talents, seem to have procured him 
the confidence of his country. He is charged with the com- 
mission of surveying upwards of half a million of acres, 
situated on Lake Ontario and the river St. Lawrence. Mr. 
Vanallen is justice of the peace, and for this reason styled 
^Squire by his people, if he do not swear at them. He is 
about fifty years old, is said to possess a tolerable share of 
information, and seems in fact to be a worthy and intelligent 

After a navigation, which ran constantly between woods, 
and in the course of which we saw, in a tract of country of 
eleven miles in length, not one felled tree, we reached at 
last, partly by rowing, and partly by pushing the vessel along, 
the rapids of the Three Rivers. All superfluous people were 
there obliged to leave the vessel. Mr. Vanallen, therefore, 
is well as myself, went on shore, and repaired to a small 

The Three Rivers Point, which is the name of this place, 
is a very interesting spot. The navigation, by which the 
provision from the district of Genesee is conveyed across 
the lakes, and the salt from the brine-spring, near the bor- 
ders of Onondago, here joins that by which the provision 
is procured on the Mohawli River from Albany and all the 
eastern provinces. The navigation between Albany and the 
Lakes of Genesee has hitherto been far more frequent than 
from any of these points to Lake Ontario. But the time 
can not be distant, when this spot, where at present stands 
no building but an inn, will become the site of an important 
town As yet, it is one of the most unhealthy spots in a 
country by no means remarkable for salubrity. Our 'Squire, 
who had purchased in Kingston flour for six dollars a barrel, 
and pork for sixpence a pound, and from the connivance or 

BochefoucauU-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 209 

extraordinary "blindness of the English officers, conveyed it 
to the River Oswego, thought now of selling it here with 
considerable profit. He had already disposed of some bar- 
rels of flour for eight dollars a barrel at the Oswego Falls, 
and intended to transmit his whole cargo to Salt Springs, 
where he hoped to sell for ten dollars a barrel. But he 
learned here, that the meeting, relative to the treaty with 
the Indians, was not to take place; that the country was full 
of provision J that it was sold at a much lower price than he 
demanded ; and that specie was very scarce. He was there- 
fore, necessitated to give up his fond hopes, and embrace 
the resolution of proceeding somewhat farther in quest of 

I entertained some hope that, on account of this disap- 
pointment, we should this afternoon proceed some miles 
farther, when a vessel arrived on board of which were Messrs. 
Rensselaer, Henry, and Stouts, all inhabitants of Albany of 
great respectability. The first was not yet perfectly reco- 
vered from a fever, which had left him in some measure, 
but still carried all the symptoms of an intermittent. These 
gentlemen intended not to proceed farther. Mr. Vanallen 
proposed to delay his departure until the next morning, to 
travel in their company ; he introduced us to them, and a 
glass of good wine, which they carried with them (they 
travelled all much at their ease), consoled Dupetitthouars 
as well as myself for this new delay. 

The passage to Lake Oneida was attended with less diffi- 
culties, than that of the preceding days; we found it excel- 
lent travelling in the company of the gentlemen of Albany, 
one of whom was brother to the deputy-governor of New 
York, the second one of the richest merchants of Albany, and 
the third a very respectable lawyer ; their behaviour was 
frank and polite. 

At Rotterdam Mr. Vanallen found an opportunity 
of selling his whole cargo, as well as one of his vessels, but 
at lower price than he hoped to obtain. His flour he sold 
for eight dollars a barrel, and at the Oswego Falls for eight 
dollars and a quarter. 

We counted on advancing a few miles on the Wood Creek, 
before we should stop, when we fell in with our company 
from Albany, who had halted at the mouth of the lake. A 

210 JRochefoucauU-Liancourt in Albany ^ 1795. 

fit of the ague had obliged Mr. Van Eensselaer to put a 
period to this day's journey at two o'clock in the afternoon. 
The gentleman proposed to us, to stop likewise; our con- 
ductor accepted the proposal, and our consent was a matter 
of course. 

Although our party had formed the bold resolution of 
pushing on to the head of Mohawk River, we halted at Ca- 
nada Creek, resolved to let the vessel proceed onwards in 
moonshine, and to pursue, ourselves, the voyage on the next 
morning at break of day. 

In the whole course of our navigation on the Wood Creek, 
twenty-four miles in length, we saw not one building, and 
found but one spring, called Oakorchard, which was four 
minutes filling a small glass, and the water of which was 
but of a middling quality. Messrs. Van Rensselaer and 
Yanallen, the two sick members of our party, made the tour 
on horseback ; Mr. Henry, Mr. Stouts, and myself, travel- 
led on foot; and Dupetitthouars, passionately fond of vessels 
and navigation, followed the boats to help them along. 

Having, at length, reached the place on the River Mo- 
hawk, where we were to embark, we found Mr. Rensselaer 
in a fit of the ague. An hour after, arrived the mate of 
Mr. Vanallen's vessel, seized with the same illness, and last 
of all came Dupetitthouars, the Hercules of our party, com- 
plaining of pains in his limbs, head-ache and cold shiverings. 
Independently of my apprehension for my companion, I 
most devoutly wished to see the end of this passage, and 
yet our arrival in Albany was continually delayed by obstruc- 
tions. The navigation of the Mohawk River is fortunately 
not like that of the rivers we have passed lately. We de- 
scend gently with the stream; and although its channel is 
in some places obstructed with trees, yet they may be 
easily cleared. 

[The travelers reached Schenectady, after much fatigue, 
the Duke observing a great deal by the way to make 
note of, which being foreign to this work, is necessarily 

Skenectady is a small town, as old as Albany, and contain- 
ing mostly old houses, built in the Dutch style, which give 
it altogether the appearance of an ancient European city. 
The Blohawk River, which is here closely hemmed in, takes a 

Hoc hefoucauU-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 211 

large sweep in the vicinity of this town ; and a cataract ren- 
ders the navigation impossible. You here quit the vessel, 
and proceed by land to Albany. The possibility of construct- 
ing a canal, by which the falls as well as other impediments 
of the navigation of the Mohawk River may be avoided, is 
acknowledged on all hands; and plans, it is asserted, are in 
contemplation, to facilitate the painful passage we have just 
made, and to supersede the necessity of occasional land-car- 
riage. This would be a great and useful undertaking, 
equally honorable and advantageous for the State of New 
York. Vessels of fifteen or twenty tons burthen, it is said, 
might be employed in this navigation, which would thus 
become an outlet far preferable to that of the River St. 
Lawrence, which admits of only boats of three or four tons 
burthen. We have heard it reported in Upper Canada, it 
is true, that with an expense of one million two hundred 
thousand pounds sterling an uninterrupted navigation might 
be opened from London to Niagara. But independently of 
one million two hundred thousand pounds sterling being a 
pretty large sum, the whole project is the work of an ad- 
venturer, whose wishes are easily converted into hopes, 
and whose hopes speedily mature to opinions, the erroneous- 
ness of which frequently time only developes. 

The information, which I was able to collect respecting 
Skenectady, is as follows. The settlement was originally 
formed by Brabanters, in the year 1662 ; but in latter times 
most of the colonists arrived from New England, and 
so they do at present. Two thirds of the territory of 
Skenectady, which comprises one hundred and twenty-eight 
square miles, are already cleared; the good soil is five feet, 
and on eminences two feet in depth ; good land yields from 
twenty-five to thirty bushels of wheat an acre; land of 
inferior quality from twelve to fifteen ; agriculture, &s well 
as the price of provision, is much the same as in the more ad- 
vanced part ; winter lasts, in regard to agricultural operations, 
from November till April ; the grain sufi'ers but very seldom, 
and in a trifling degree, from the Hessian fly, and from blights ; 
the climate is healthy ; the usual mart for the production of 
the country is Albany. The Episcopal is the prevalent re- 
ligion ; although the town contains also a church for Ger- 
man Lutherans and one for Presbyterians. The Germans 

212 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany^ 1795. 

were also the most liberal benefactors to tbe institution of a 
college, which was incorporated last year (1794), and the 
property of which, raised by subscriptions and other means, 
amounts already to forty-two thousand two hundred and 
twenty-two dollars, and one thousand six hundred acres of 
land, given by the states. ^ 

Skenectady is the emporium as well for the provision, 
which comes down the Mohawk River, designed for Albany, 
as for the merchandise, which from the stores at Albany is 
transmitted to the countries, intersected by the Mohawk River 
and other streams, flowing into the former as far as the 
district of Genesee. The township of Skenectady contains 
about three thousand five hundred souls. ^ It is the fron- 
tier-town of the county of Albany towards Montgomery. 
The capital of this county is Albany ; the county of iK.lbany 
contains about thirty thousands inhabitants, of whom two 
thousand five hundred are slaves. 

In Skenectady we took our leave of Mr. Vanallen, who, in 
addition to the civilities shown us in the whole course of our 
voyao^e, declined also to accept any money for our passage, 
on the ingenious pretence, that, as we carried our provisions 
with us we had not in the least increased his expense. We 
remain, therefore, in many respects, under great obligations 
to this gentleman. 

Mr. Vanallen had business to transact in Skenectady, and 
we wished to reach Albany, as soon as possible. A stable- 
keeper engaged to carry us the same night to Albany, though 
it was already late : we took accordingly our seats in his 
waggon, bolstered with straw. About four miles from Ske- 
nectady, the driver informed us, that he could not proceed 
farther. Grrumbling, we submitted, therefore, to the neces- 
sity of taking up our night's lodging in a bad inn, where, as 
soon as Dupetitthouars had occupied the only bed in the 

^ The college alluded to by the author, is Union College, which 
took its name from the union of various denominations of Christ- 
ians in its establishment. The faculty of this college consisted, 
in 1797, of the president and one tutor, and the number of students 
was thirty-seven. — Translator. 

^ By the State census of 1796, the township of Schenectady con- 
tains three thousand four hundred and seventy-two inhabitants, 
of whom six hundred and eighty-three are electors, and three hun- 
dred and eighty -one slaves. — Translator. 

RocTiefoucault-Liancourt in Albany^ 1795. 213 

house, I entered into a conversation with the landlord and 
our driver, which turned upon politics, the universal topic 
in this country. Since we have set foot in the territory of 
the United States, we find newspapers in every village. My 
new acquaintances were people of uncouth manners, and 
without the least education; but their opinions were just 
and sensible, and their judgments extremely correct. They 
manifested a strong attachment to France, and most earnestly 
wished her success. They hate England, confide in their 
President, and speak of De la Fayette with tears in their 
eyes. This universal attachment of the Americans to De la 
Fayette, and the grateful sentiments of him expressed hy all 
without exception, though in the course of the French Revo- 
lution he acted a part not approved by all, refute in a forci- 
ble manner the charge of levity and ingratitude frequently 
preferred against the Americans. " May he come,'' said a 
man to us this morning who was riding on horseback by 
the side of our carriage, " May the Marquis come, we will 
make him rich. It is through him that France made us free; 
never shall we be able to do so much for him, as he has done 
or us." 

After a three hours' journey through a country, which 
is much like the woods of Anjou, sandy, covered with fern, 
and bearing none but sickly trees, we at length arrived at 

Albany is one of the most ancient settlements in North 
America ] it was formed in the year 1660 ; and the town 
incorporated in 1686. The history of this city, which oc- 
curs in all descriptions of the United States, I shall pass 
over in silence. It is seated one Hundred and sixty-five 
miles from New York, has a harbour, and a very extensive 
trade. Ships of eighty tons burthen sail up to the town ; 
and the trade is carried on in vessels of this size. A sort 
of sand-bank, three miles below Albany, renders the navi- 
gation rather difficult ; yet it is easily cleared with the as- 
sistance of pilots acquainted with it, and no ship arrives 
without one of them on board. This impediment, it is as- 
serted, might easily be removed at a trifling expense ; and 
ships of a much larger size might then anchor near the city. 
The navigation of the river from the north country is open 
from the middle of April until the middle of November. 

214 BochefoucauU-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

The trade of Albany is chiefly carried on with the produce 
of the Mohawk country, and extends eastward as far as agri- 
culture and cultivated lands expand. The state of Vermont, 
and a part of New Hanpshire furnish also many articles of 
trade ; and the exports chiefly consist in timber and lum- 
ber of every sort and description, potatoes, potash and 
pearlashes, all species of grain, and lastly in manufactured 
goods. These articles are, most of them, transported to 
Albany in winter on sledges, housed by the merchants, and 
by them successively transmitted to New York, where they 
are either sold for bills on England, or exchanged for Eng- 
lish goods, which are in return sent from Albany to the 
provinces, whence the articles for exportation were drawn. 
Business is, therefore, carried on entirely with ready money, 
and especially in regard to potash ', not even the most 
substantial bills are accepted in payment. The trade of 
Albany is carried on in ninety vessels, forty-five of which 
belong to inhabitants of the town, and the rest to New York 
or other places. They are in general of seventy tons bur- 
then, and make upon the average ten voyages a year, which, 
on computing the freights outwards and homewards, pro- 
duces a total of one hundred and twenty-six thousand tons 
of shipping for the trade of Albany. Every ship is navigated 
by four men ; the master is paid twenty dollars a month, 
if he have no share in the ship, the mate fifteen, and a sea- 
man nine. There is also generally a cabin-boy on board, 
or more frequently a cook, as few ships have less than eight 
passengers on board, either coming up or going down. The 
freight of goods is usually one shilling a hundred weight ; 
but this varies, according to their value, or the room they 

The trade of Albany is very safe, but seems not to be 
very profitable. The neat proceeds of a voyage amount 
upon an average to about one hundred dollars, which makes 
for the whole year one thousand dollars for a ship, a profit 
by no means considerable. If you add to this the money 
paid by passengers for their passage, which amounts to ten 
shillings a head, making from seventeen to twenty dollars 
a voyage, and from one hundred and seventy to two hundred 
dollars for the ten voyages, which are tiaade in the course 
of the year, the whole yields but a very moderate profit, 

RochefoucaulULiancourt in Albany, 1795. 215 

which is however increased by the sale of the goods. This 
is as yet the usual way in which trade is carried on by this 
city ; it deprives the merchants of Albany of a considerable 
profit, and throws it into the hands of those of New York. 
Some of the former undertake indeed voyages to England, 
Holland, and other countries; but, for this purpose, they 
charter New York vessels. These are the bolder people ; 
and are called men of the new notions, but their number 
is small. 

The ancient customs and confined views of the timid, yet 
covetous Dutchmen, have carefully been preserved in this 
city. No ship sails from Albany directly to Europe ; and 
yet provision is sent thither from this place. It is evident 
that, if the inhabitants would take themselves the trouble 
of exporting their produce, they would save useless interest, 
the return-freight, and double commission, and would ob- 
tain employment for their ships during the time when the 
navigation to the north is shut up by ice. Ideas of this 
complexion begin to dawn upon the minds of some merchants, 
and will no doubt, produce advantageous changes. From the 
same habitual apathy the merchants of Albany relinquish the 
trade in horses and mules, great numbers of which are 
reared in the neighbourhood, to the Connecticut merchants, 
who purchase and export them with considerable profit, to the 

The building of ships costs in Albany about twenty-seven 
dollars and half per ton. The ships are all fir-built, and 
last about ten years. Experiments have been made, which 
prove, that ships built of dry and well seasoned timber, last 
thirty years aud upwards. The trade of Albany grows daily 
more extensive; aud the number of shops and ships is in- 
creasing fast. Two new towns, built five or six years ago, 
a few miles above Albany, on the northern bank of the river, 
share in this trade. These two towns, which have rapidly 
raised themselves to a considerable degree of importance, 
and are but three or four miles distant from each other, 
carry on the same trade as Albany with about twenty-five 
or thirty vessels, which belong to them, draw from the back 
country the productions of these fruitful provinces, transmit 
them to New York, take in return European goods, and 
supply with them those parts, which were formerly supplied 

216 Rochefoucauli-'Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

from Albany. The greater distance, however, and less depth 
of water, are circumstances unfavorable to these new towns. 
The freight thence to Albany is two-pence per barrel; their 
largest ships are only of sixty tons burthen, and generally 
can not take on board more than half their cargo, the re- 
mainder of which they receive from lighters, which attend 
them for that purpose in the vicinity of Albany. Yet, they 
continue their trade, increase daily, and will probably ani- 
mate Albany to greater boldness and activity. New City 
contains about sixty or seventy stores or shops, and Troy 
fifty or sixty. These new settled merchants all prosper, 
and their number is daily increasing. The merchants of 
Albany, it is reported, view this growing prosperity of their 
neighbors with an evil eye, and consider it as an encroach- 
ment upon their native rights. If this be true, the jealousy 
of the merchants of Albany must be the result of their 
ignorance and confined views. The provinces, which con- 
tribute their produce to support this trade, are yet far from 
having attained to the highest degree of cultivation ; many 
parts, equally proper for that purpose, are but little culti- 
vated; and others yet uncleared. Towns will be built still 
farther northwards than Troy and New City; others will be 
erected even on the western side of the river, while, at the 
same time, the greater number of settlements and increased 
population, will augment the produce and wants, and every 
town, whether ancient or new, experience an increase of 
business beyond- what it will be able to do. 

Albany contains six thousand inhabitants, two thousand 
of whom are slaves, as the laws of the State of New York 
permit slavery. The old houses are built in the Dutch style, 
with the gable end to the street; the pyramidal part rising 
in steps and terminating in a chimney decorated with 
figures, or in some iron puppets. All the buildings, which 
have been erected within these last ten years, are constructed 
of bricks in the English style, wide and large. 

The revenue of the city amounts to about thirty-five 
thousand dollars a year. It possesses a great quantity of 
land in the neighbouring country, and also sells the quays 
on the river at two dollars and half per foot, and a ground- 
rent of one shillino;, which^is'irredeemable. This revenue is 
partly owing to the economy of the administrators, who have 

JRochefoucaulULiancourt in Albany^ 1795. 217 

hitherto endeavored rather to enrich the city than to em- 
bellish it, and render it more convenient, The senate is, at 
present, composed of young men, who promise to take care 
of these articles. But, from the ignorance, apathy, and 
antiquated ideas, which prevail in this city, it is much to be 
apprehended, lest the results of their exertions should prove 
but very trifling for a long time to come. I almost incline 
to think, that young people here are old born. 

A bank, which was instituted here four years ago, pro- 
motes the trade of Albany ; it consists of six hundred shares 
offour hundred dollars each, only half of which have hitherto 
been paid. The yearly dividend is nine per cent, besides 
what is deducted for the expense of the building in which 
the bank is kept. 

There is in Albany a Dutch Lutheran church of a Gothic 
and very peculiar construction ; the Episcopalians, Presby- 
terians, German Protestants, and Methodists, possess also 
churches in this town. 

The price of land, in the vicinity of Albany, is from 
sixty-three to seventy-five dollars per acre. Some lands 
near the river are still dearer. These are remarkably good; 
but those which are situated more backwards are but of a 
middling quality. Agriculture is not attended to with 
peculiar care j the farms lie half in grass and half in corn. 
No country had ever stronger incitements to perfect its 
agriculture and industry : for none was ever furnished with 
outlets more safe and less expensive. 

Some manufactories have been established at a small dis- 
tance from the town, among which is a glass house, in which 
both window glass and bottles are made. The former is 
pretty smooth, and the manufactory is carried on with much 
activity. Mr. Caldhowell possesses also near the town 
extensive works, where tobacco, mustard, starch, and cocoa 
mills, are turned by water, and even every accessory labour is 
performed by the aid of water machinery. i The tobacco 

' These valuable works, which are decidedly superior to any of 
the kind in America, are situated one mile north of the city, in the 
suburbs. The ingenious proprietor, whose true name is James 
Caldwell, has obtained a patent for the invention of the water 
machinery, which is truly admirable. — Translator. 

Annals^ iv. 19 

218 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

mill is the most important part of these works; about one 
hundred and JBfty thousand pounds are yearly manufactured. 
Last summer (July, 1794) a complete set of similar works 
having been consumed by fire, Mr, Caldwell's friends im- 
mediately opened a loan of twenty thousand pounds at the 
bank, and the legislative body of New York resolved also 
last session to assist him with a sum of the same amount. I 
am to add in honour of Mr. Caldwell, with whom I am iiot 
acquainted, that nearly all the labouring people in the city, 
in consequence of this unfortunate accident, subscribed 
several days' labour, as a voluntary contribution to the re- 
construction of these works, which are truly grand and beau- 
tiful. They give employment and subsistence to fifty per- 
sons, some of whom receive one hundred dollars a year ; 
children, nine years old, can earn from six shillings to one 
dollar a week. Tan-yards, corn, oil, paper, and fulling-mills, 
have also been erected in the surrounding country; and 
labourers are found in abundance. The wages of common 
day-labourers amount to four shillings and six-pence a day, 
and to seven shillings in harvest. 

Hospitality to strangers seems not to be a prominent fea- 
ture in the character of the inhabitants of Albany ; the few, 
with whom we got acquainted looked extremely dull and 
melancholy. They live retired in their houses with their 
wives, who sometimes are pretty, but rather awkward in 
their manners ; and with whom their husbands scarcely ex- 
change thirty words a day, although they never address them 
but with the introductory appellation of " my lovey Ex- 
ceptions, undoubtedly, exist in regard to the charms of the 
ladies, as well as to the conduct and conversation of the 
husbands; but, it is asserted, they are very few. 

The Schuylers and Rensselaers are the most respectable 
families in point of wealth and interest ; having intermar- 
ried with each other, their influence is altogether irresisti- 
ble in the county. The Schuylers are endowed with more 
talents and knowledge ; but the Kensselaers possess more 
riches ; and money is a powerful spring in the management 
of a state. General Schuyler bears the character of a man 
of much acuteness, and uncommon abilities. He is fre- 
quently employed in state affairs ; and it is his earnest wish, 
to promote and raise the navigation, industry, and prosperity 

jRochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 219 

of his country. He is father-in-law to the celebrated Mr. 
Hamilton. General Schuyler, who generally accommodates 
his daughters with rich husbands, gave one of them in mar- 
riage, five years ago, to that famous orator, from respect for 
his talents, though he was poor. I should not omit observ- 
ing, that I speak of General Schuyler without having 
ever seen him. During my residence in Albany he had 
gone to assist at the negotiation with the Indians ; I merely 
know him from his correspondence with me, which is highly 
polite and elegant. The General ranks among the most 
considerable men in the United States. 

I have seen John Schuyler, the eldest son of the Ge- 
neral ; for a few minutes I had already conversed with him 
at Skenectady, and was now with him at Saratoga. The 
journey to this place was extremely painful, on account of 
the scorching heat, but Saratoga is a township of too great 
importance to be passed by unobserved. 

On my journey to Saratoga I had passed the new bridge, 
constructed across the Mohawk River. This bridge is 
erected on the spot where the Cohoez Falls appear to the 
greatest advantage.^ But the river contains not at 
present sufficient water to support the falls. In many 
places the rocks are quite dry; but in others they afi'ord a 
fine prospect. The perpendicular height of the falls may 
amount to about fifty feet, and river is about an eighth 
of a mile in width. But upon the whole, the view is not 
strikingly wild, romantic, or pleasant, though the falls are 
much celebrated throughout America. The bridge is con- 
structed of timber, and rests on stone pillars, about twenty- 
five or thirty feet distant from each other. The masonry 
is not remarkable for solidity or neatness ; but the carpen- 
ters' work is exceedingly well done.- 

On my return from Saratoga I crossed the northern branch 
of the Mohawk river by Halfmoon, to see the two new 

^ The Cohoez Falls, which the author misnames Xohos fall, ap- 
pear most romantically from Lansingburgh Hill, five miles east of 
them, although they likewise offer a good prospect, when viewed 
from this bridge. — Translator. 

"^ The bridge is eleven hundred feet long, twentj^-four feet wide, 
rests on thirteen piers, and was erected in 1794, at the expense of 
twelve thousand dollars. — Translator, 

220 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

towns, New Citj and Troy, which, as has already been ob- 
served, were built a few years ago, and are already carrying 
on a considerable trade. The houses are very neat and 
numerous ; almost every house contains a shop ; the inns 
are excellent ; vessels are moored near all the keys ; tan- 
yards, potash-works, rope-walks, and mills, are either already 
in full work, or building. The sight of this activity is truly 
charming. A Mr Taylor, who possesses about one hundred 
acres near Ponstenkil Creek, has erected here two grist 
mills, two saw mills, and one paper-mill. He does business, 
it is said, with New York by water. The place is finely 
situated, well distributed^ and may, if managed with skill 
and prudence, become very profitable. We are told, that 
the proprietor intends to sell it; and this is one of the places 
which I would buy in preference to all others, if I had any 
idea of settling in America, and had wherewithal to pay for 
it. There are a variety of things, with which a man may 
occupy himself every day, nay every moment of the day, 
with benefit to himselfe and the country at large 

The land between Saratoga and Albany is upon the whole 
sandy ; especially the hills about Saratoga consist of an in- 
durated sand. The stoney matter, on which lies the stratum 
of sand, is slate of a dark colour, and coarse grain, with 
veins of white quartz. On fragments of this slate impressions 
are found of a peculiar and very curious appearance. In 
the vicinity of the medicinal springs of Balltown and 
Saratoga are several veins of lime-stone. Ferruginous and 
cupreous pyrites are also found in the neighbourhood ; 
mines of these minerals, it is asserted, exist in the environs, 
but they are yet neglected, as in fact are nearly all the 
mines in the United States. You meet with few or no rocks, 
until you reach the Cohoez Falls. The rocks, which form 
this cataract, consist of an argillaceous schistus, some of 
which may easily be reduced to powder, while other parts 
are harder, have a conchoidal fracture, and resemble basalt. 
Near the falls are several veins of feldtspar of a reddish 

Between these falls and Albany, the soil of the mountains 
consist of indurated clay; the stones, which are found there, 
are a species of slate. In the intervening space between 
the mountains and the present bed of the river was an un- 

Eochefoucauli-LiancouH in Albany, 1795. 221 

interrupted chaia of small sand-hills, rising on both sides 
of the river, nearly at equal distances from the shore, and 
which undoubtedly are the remains of the ancient bed of 
the river, after it had formed the present channel. 

Potash forming a considerable branch of the trade of Al- 
bany, as well as of other American cities, the back country 
of which has been lately cleared, I shall here insert such in- 
formation as I have collected on the manner of preparing 
this salt, which is generally observed in the United States. 
This alcaline salt is extracted from common ashes after they 
have been previously purified from all heterogeneous matter. 
It is obtained by solution and evaporation. Large tubs, with 
a doable bottom, are filled with ashes ; the uppermost bottom, 
which contains several holes, is covered with ashes, about 
ten or eleven inches deep, while the under part of the tub is 
filled with straw or hay. Water, being poured over the ashes, 
extracts the particles of salt, and discharges all the hetero- 
geneous matter which it may yet contain on the layer of hay 
or straw. The lie is drawn off by means of a cock, and if it 
should not yet have attained a sufficient degree of strength, 
poured again over the ashes. The lie is deemed sufficiently 
strong when an egg swims on it. This lie is afterwards 
boiled in large cauldrons, which are constantly filled out of 
other cauldrons, in which lie is likewise boiling. If the lie 
begin to thicken in the cauidron, no fresh lie is added, but 
the fire is well fed with fuel, until all the aqueous particles 
are separated, and the whole is completely inspissated and 
endurated. This salt is of a black colour, and called black 
potash. Some manufacturers leave the potash in this state 
in the cauldron, and increase the fire, by means of which 
the oil is disengaged from the salt in a thick smoke, and the 
black potash assumes a grey colour, in which state it is 
packed up in barrels for sale. 

The process of preparing the potash requires more or less 
time, according to the quality of the ashes and the lie, and 
to the degree of strength of the latter ; the medium time is 
twenty-four hours. The ashes of green-wood, and especially 
of oak, are preferred. No potash can be prepared from the 
ashes of resinous trees -, and ashes which are five or six months 
old, are better than those that are new. 

222 Rochefoucault'Liancoitrt in Albany, 1795. 

Some manufacturers use only one cauldron for boiling, 
•which they fill with cold lie, as it comes from the tubs ; and 
others put the salt, as soon as it begins to coagulate, into 
smaller cauldrons, to complete the crystallization. 

In many parts of the State of New York, especially in the 
North, and in the vicinity of Albany, the inhabitants, who 
fell the wood, prepare the potash. But there are also large 
manufactories, where from thirty to forty tubs are used for 
preparing the lie, and from ten to twelve cauldrons for its 
evaporation. The manufacturers buy the ashes from private 
families. The tubs and cauldrons are of different sizes in 
proportion to the greater or less extent of the manufactory. 
By a general estimate, from five to six hundred bushels of 
ashes yield a ton of potash. 

The barrels, in which the potash is packed up, must be 
made of white oak, or if this cannot be had, of wood which 
is but little porous. The staves ought to be far more durable 
than for casks, in which other dry goods are packed ; the 
hoops also must be more numerous; for the least fissure 
would expose the potash to humidity, to the air, and conse- 
quently, to deliquescence and dissolution. Instances have 
occurred, when barrels, badly made and hooped, and which 
had been filled with potash, were soon after found to be 
half empty. 

Pearlash is potash purified by -calcination. To this end the 
potash is put into a kiln, constructed in an oval form, of plaster 
of Paris; the inside of which being made otherwise perfectly 
close, is horizontally intersected by an iron grate, on which 
the potash is placed. Under this grate a fire is made, and 
the heat, reverberated by the arched upper part of the kiln 
completes the calcination, and converts the potash into pearl- 
ash ; which is taken out of the kiln, and, when completely 
cooled, packed in barrels. The process of calcination lasts 
about an hour. Pearlash is proportionately more heavy than 
potash, on account of its great compactness, and the loss of 
weight, experienced by the latter through the calcination, is 
very trifling. Although pearlash is less liable to deliquate 
by the air than potash, yet the barrels, in which it is packed, 
are of the same sort and structure as those in which the 
latter salt is barreled. They are of different sizes, and 
contain from two to three hundred pounds. Potash as well 

Rochefoucault-Liancourlin Albany, 1795. 223 

as pearlash are sold by tons in tlie course of trade ] and it 
is not lawful to export either before it is duly inspected by 
the public searchers, who are appointed for this purpose in 
all the states, where pearl or potash is manufactured. Du- 
pettithouar's strength having been considerably impaired by 
his illness, he thought it prudent to return home. I will 
proceed to Boston, where I expect to find letters from Eu- 
rope, which I must desire to see. For these last three 
months I have not heard a word from any of my friends or 

I was by no means displeased at leaving Albany. Young 
Mr. Rensselaer and Mr. Henry are the only gentlemen from 
whom I experienced any civilities. The Albanians, to 
speak generally, are a set of people remarkable neither for 
activity nor politeness ; they are the most disagreeable 
beings, I have hitherto met with, in the United States. In 
every other respect Albany is a place where, with a small 
capital, you may make money, and with a large capital ac- 
quire great wealth. The trade of this place suits any 
amount of property, and is attended with less risk than any 
other species of commerce carried on in this part of the 
globe. An industrious and enterprising man might im- 
prove the trade of this place to a very considerable degree. 

We experienced here this day, Friday the 7th of August, 
an uncommon heat. My thermometer stood at ninety-six 
degrees of Fahrenheit, or twenty-eight four-ninths of Reau- 
mur. We were told, that the thermometer of Mr. Lewis, 
who is esteemed here a very accurate meteorologist, stood 
at one hundred degrees of Fahrenheit or thirty two-ninths 
of Reamur. This excessive heat continued several days, 
and was not the least allayed in the night. 

My horse which was to be sent after me by Captain Wil- 
liamson, was not yet arrived. I took, therefore, a seat in 
the stage waggon, that is, a waggon without springs, but 
covered. You cross Hudson's River, on leaving Albany. 
The road to Lebanon, where we stopped for the night, lies 
over a mountainous country. Nearly the whole of the dis- 
trict is in the first stage of settlement. All the land°within 
an extent of twenty-five miles belongs to Mr. Yan Rensse- 
laer, Lieutenant-governor, and one of the richest proprietors 
in the State of New York, perhaps in all the States of the 

224 BoeJiefoucauli'Liancouri in Albany, 1795. 

Union. Much of this land was granted to his ancestors by 
letters-patent, at the time when the Dutch settlement was 
formed. He has also purchased much more. A consider- 
able part of this estate has been sold ; but he sells none 
without reserving a ground rent. This forms, no doubt, a 
very pleasant sort of income ; but which, in my opinion, 
cannot be of long duration in this country. A man, who is 
obliged to pay every year a ground-rent, soon forgets the 
moderate terms on which he obtained possession of his estate, 
feels only the unpleasant compulsion of paying money at a 
fixed time, and eagerly seizes upon the first opportunity of 
freeing himself from this incumbrance. 

The last place, before you reach Lebanon, is Stephentown, 
situated on a fine large creek. It belongs to the Patron ; 
this is the general appellation of Mr. Rensselaer, at Albany, 
as well as in its environs. The face of the country is sad 
and melancholy ; it is mountainous and rocky, and bears no 
trees but hemlock-fir and white pine. On the road from 
Stephentown to Lebanon, the country expands into an am- 
phitheatre, formed by numerous mountains of various size 
and shape, most of which lie in grass up to the very sum- 
mits. At the end of a very circuitous journey through this 
vale you reach the inn of Mr. Stow. 

Lebanon possesses a mineral spring, close to which stands 
the inn of Mr. Stow, on the declivity of a mountain ; most 
of the invalides, who drink the waters, board therefore at 
the inn. From this point, the prospect of the vale, 
or rather of the low grounds, is most pleasing. A num- 
ber of small houses, scattered over the fields, and seve- 
ral villages, enhance the charms of this delightful view 
which on my arrival at -the inn, I was too indisposed to en- 
joy. I was obliged to creep into my bed, although it was 
scarcely five o'clock, to sustain my fit of the ague, to take 
an emetic, and to renounce whatever remarkable objects 
this place itself, or its vicinity, may contain. 

A Stage Coach of the last Century. 225 


The Western Mail Stages from Albany to Whitestown and 


THE Mail leaves Albany every Monday and Thursday, 
at two o'clock afternoon ; arrives at Schenectady the 
same evening ; and the following at Canajohary, and ex- 
changes passengers and mail with the Whitestown and 
Cooperstown Stages, and returns next morning to Albany. 

The Whitestown Stage starts from Whitestown every 
Monday and Thursday at two o'clock, p. M., arrives at Cana- 
johary next evening; returns next morning. 

The Cooperstown Stage leaves Cooperstown every Tues- 
day; arrives at Canajohary the same evening ; exchanges 
passengers with the Albany and Whitestown Stages, and 
returns the following day. 

Note. The Fare from Schenectady to Canajohary is 14s., 
returning 12s., averaging only 4<i a mile. The Whitestown 
Stage Fare is at the same average price. 

Tickets, ensuring any number of seats in the Stage to 
Canajohary, &c., may be had at Mrs. Hudson's Inn, if ap^ 
plied for the evening before the Stage starts, 

226 Burning of Schenectady, 



[The following papers relating to the invasion of New 
York and the burning of Schenectady by the French, are 
copied froni'the first and second volumes of the DorAirnpnfarij 
History of the State of New York, compiled by Dr. E. B. 
O'Callaghan from the documents found in the office of the 
Secretary of State, and the records of the city of Albany in 
the City Hall ; forming a very complete history of that 
memorable incursion, which was designed to destroy Albany.] 


Governor of Montreal and commanding by commission the troops 
and militia of Canada, regarding tlie present state of affairs in 
that country, January, 1689. [^Paris Doc. IV.] 

As the recent Revolution in England will change the face 
of xAmerican afi'airs it becomes necessary to adopt entirely 
new measures to secure Canada against the great dangers 
with which it is threatened. 

Chevalier Andros, now Governor Greneral of New Eng- 
land and New York, having already declared in his letters 
to M. de Denonville that he took all the Iroquois under his 
protection as subjects of the Crown of England and having 
prevented them returning to M. de Denonville to make peace 
with us, there is no longer reason to hope for its conclusion 
through the English nor for the alienation of the Iroquois 
from the close union which exists with those in consequence 
of the great advantages they derive from thence, the like to 
which we cannot oflfer for divers reasons. 

Chevalier Andros is a protestant as well as the whole 
English colony so that there is no reason to hope that he 
will remain faithful to the King of England [James II.] 
and we must expect that he will not only urge the Iroquois 
to continue the war against us but that he will even add 
Englishmen to them to lead them and seize the posts of 
Niagara, Michilimakinak and others proper to render him 

Burning of Schenectady, 227 

master of all the Indians our allies, according to the project 
they have long since formed, and which they began to exe- 
cute when we declared war against the Iroquois and when 
we captured 70 Englishmen who were going to take posses- 
sion of Michilimakinak, one of the most important posts of 
Canada ; our entrepot for the Fur Trade and the residence 
of the Superior of the Rev. Jesuit Fathers, Missionaries 
among our Savages, and which belongs, incontestibly, to us. 
It is to be expected then, that they are about to endeavor 
to invest all Canada and raise all the Savages against us, in 
order to deprive us wholly of every sort of Trade and draw 
it all to themselves by the means of the cheap bargains of 
merchandize they can give them, nearly a half less than our 
Frenchmen can afford theirs, for reasons which will be 
elsewhere explained, and thus become masters of all the 
peltries ; a trade which sustains Canada and constitutes one 
of the chief benefits that France derives from that Colony. 

No sooner will the English have ruined our trade with 
the Savages than uniting with them they will be in a posi- 
tion to fall on us, burn and sack our settlements, scattered 
along the River St. Lawrence to Quebec, without our being 
able to prevent them, having no fortress capable of arresting 

Things being thus disposed, the only means to avoid 
this misfortune is to anticipate it by the expedition which 
will be hereafter explained and which I offer to execute 
forthwith, if it please His Majesty to confide its direction 
to me on account of the particular knowledge I have ac- 
quired of the affairs of that country during five years that I 
had the honour to serve His Majesty and to command his 
troops and military there, after twenty years service in the 

The plan is, to go straight to Orange (Albany) the most 
advanced town of New York, one hundred leagues from 
Montreal, which I would undertake to carry, and to proceed 
thence to seize Manathe, the capital of that Colony situated 
on the seaside -, on condition of being furnished with sup- 
plies necessary for the success of the expedition. 

I demand for that only the troops at present maintained 
by His Majesty in Canada if it be pleasing to him to fill 
them up by a reinforcement of soldiers which they require 

228 Burning of Schenectady, 

in consequence of sickness that has produced the deaths of 
many among them. 

These troops number 35 companies which at 50 men each 
ought to give 1750. Yet at the review made when I left, 
there were found only about 1300, so that 450 soldiers are 
still required to complete them ; thus it would be necessary 
that His Majesty should please to order the levy of at least 
400 men, and to have them enlisted as quick as possible in 
order that they may be embarked in the first vessels. 

The use I propose to make of these 1700 men is to take 
*' the pick " (I' elite) of them to the number of 1400 and to 
adjoin to them the elite of the Militia to the number of 600, 
so as to carry these 2000 men necessary on this expedition ; 
leaving the 300 remaining soldiers to guard the principal 
outposts at the head of our Colony in order to prevent the 
Iroquois seizing and burning them whilst we should be in 
the field. 

I propose embarking these 2000 men, with the supplies 
necessary for their subsistence in a sufficient number of 
canoes and flat Batteaux which we already employed in the 
two last Champaigns against the Iroquois. 

My design is, to lead them by the Kichelieu River into 
Lake Champlain as far as a Carrying Place which is within 
three leagues of the Albany River that runs to Orange. '^ 
I shall conceal this expedition, which must be kept very 
secret, by saying that the King has commanded me to pro- 
ceed at the head of His troops and Militia to the Iroquois 
Country to dictate Peace to them on the conditions it has 
pleased His Majestys to grant them without the inter- 
ference of the English, inasmuch as the Iroquois are 
his true subjects ; without letting any one know our 
intention of attacking the English until we have arrived at 
the point whence I shall send to tell the Iroquois, by some 
of their Nation, that I am not come to wage war against 
them but only to reduce the English, who have caused our 
division, and to re-establish the good friendship that form- 
erly existed between us; therefore they had better avoid 
coming to their aid if they wish not to be treated with the 

^This Carrying Place or portage is now traversed by that 
section of the Champlain Canal extending from Fort Anne to Sandy 

Burning of Schenectady. 229 

greatest rigor, the said Eaglisli being unable to protect 
them from the force I lead against them, and that I shall 
turn against the said Iroquois, if they dare assist them. 

As the Batteaux cannot proceed further than the Carry- 
ing Place, my intention is to erect there a small log fort (un 
petit fort depieux terrassSs) which I shall have built in three 
days, and to leave 200 men in it to guard the Batteaux; 
thence march direct to Orange, embarking our supplies on 
the River in canoes which we shall bring and which can 
be conveyed by land, we marching with the troops along 
the river as an escort. 

I calculate4o seize in passing some English villages and 
Settlements where I shall find provisions and other conve- 
niences for attacking the town of Orange. 

That town is about as large as Montreal, surrounded by 
picquets at one end of which is an Earthen Fort defended 
by palisades and consisting of four small bastions. There 
is a garrison of 150 men of three companies in the fort and 
some pieces of Cannon. Said town of Orange may contain 
about 150 houses and 300 inhabitants capable of bearing- 
arms, the majority of whom are Dutch and some French 
Refugees with some English. 

After having invested the Town and summoned it to 
surrender with promise not to pillage if it capitulate, I pro- 
pose in case of resistance to cut or burn the palisades, in 
order to afford an opening, and enter there sword in hand 
and seize the fort. These being only about 14 feet high 
can be easily scaladed by means of the conveniences we 
shall find, when Masters of the town, or by blowing in the 
gate with a few petards or two small field pieces which 
may be of use to me, and I shall find means of conveying 
there, if his Maj'^y will please to have them furnished at La 
Rochelle to take with me, and some grenades and other mu- 
nitions, a list of which I shall hand in separately, and which 
will be deducted from the funds His Majesty destines for 
Canada so as not to increase the expenditure of preceding 

After I shall have become Master of the town and fort 
of Orange, which I expect to achieve before the English 
can afford it any succor, my intention is to leave a garrison 
of 200 men in the fort with sufficient supplies which I shall 

Annals, iv. 20 

230 Burning of Schenectady. 

find in the City, and to disarm all the Inhabitants, granting 
at His Majesty's pleasure pardon to the French deserters 
and inhabitants I shall find there, so as to oblige them to 
follow me. 

I shall seize all the barks, batteaux and canoes that are 
at Orange, to embark my force on the river which is navi- 
gable down to Manathe, and I shall embark with the troops 
the necessary provisions and ammunition, and some pieces 
of Cannon, to be taken from Fort Orange to serve in the 
attack on Manathe (New York). 

This place consists of a town composed of about 200 
houses and can put about 400 inhabitants under arms. 
They are divided into four Companies of Infantry of 50 
men each, and three companies of Cavalry of the same num- 
ber, the horses being very common in that country. This 
town is not enclosed, being situated on a Peninsula at the 
mouth of the river that falls into a Bay forming a fine har- 
bour. It is defended by a Fort faced with stone having 
four Bastions with several pieces of cannon, commanding 
the Port on one side and the town on the other. 

I contemplate first carrying the town by assault, it being 
all open, and making use of the houses nearest the Fort to 
approach the latter; forming a battery of the Cannon I shall 
have brought from Orange and of that I may find in the 
stores of the town, where the vessels arm and disarm. 

It is necessary for the success of this Expedition that H. 
M. give orders to two of the ships of War destined this year 
to escort the merchantmen who go to Canada and Acadie 
or the fishermen who go for Cod to the Great Bank, to come 
after having convoyed the merchants, towards the end of 
August, into the Gulf of Manathee and cruize there during 
the month of September, as well to prevent succor from 
Europe which may arrive from England or Boston, as to 
enter the port when I on my arrival shall give the signal 
agreed upon, so as to aid us in capturing the Fort which 
they may oanonnade from aboard their ships whilst I attack 
it on land. They can in case of necessity even land some 
marines (to replace the 400 men I shall have left on the 
road guarding Orange and the Batteaux); also some pieces 
of Cannon if we require them. They might reimbark and 

Burning of Schenectady. 231 

return to France in the month of October after capture of 
the Fort and carry the iutelli<ience thereof. 

After we should have become masters of the town and 
fort of Manathe I shall cause the Inhabitants to be disarmed 
and send my Canadians back by the Albany river to Orange 
on their way to their batteaux and on their return home. I 
should winter at Manathe with all the troops I would have 
brought with me except the 200 soldiers left to guard Orange; 
and as I shall have nothing to fear from the land side, being 
master of the rivers, I would work througli the winter to 
strengthen myselfe against attacks of the English whilst 
waiting until H. M. should be pleased to send what may be 
necessary to secure this important conquest. 

It would render H. M. absolute Master of the whole of 
Iroquois who derive from this Colony all the arms and am- 
unition with which they make war on us. This will afford 
the means to disarm them whenever considered necessary, 
and thereby impose on them such laws as H. M. may please; 
the town of Boston the capital of New England being too far 
from them to afford any aid. 

Having mastered the Iroquois we shall have equal control 
of all the other Savages who will come without hesitation 
and bring us all their peltries. This will cause the trade 
of ourColony to flourish ; will considerably augment H. M.'s 
revenues and eventually diminish the expenses he is obliged 
to incur for the preservation of Canada. 

It will firmly establish the Christian Religion as well 
among the Iroquois as among the other Savages to whom 
we shall be able to speak as Masters when they are encircled 
on the side of Canada as well as of New York. 

It will secure and f^icilitate the Cod fishery which is 
carried on along our Coasts of La Cadie and on the Grreat 
Bank. It will give H M. one of the finest harbours in 
America which can be entered during almost all seasons of 
the year in less than one month of very easy navigation ; 
whilst that from France to Quebec cannot be prosecuted 
except in summer on account of the Ice which closes the 
River St. Lawrence, itself long and perilous. 

It may be objected to this plan, that the Colony of Orange 
and Manathe may remain faithful to the King of England 
and in case it would not be apropos to attack it and draw 

232 Burning of Schenectady, 

down an open war with that English Colony to the prejudice 
of the Treaty of Neutrality concluded between the two 

It may be answered to this, that the Colony of Manathe 
and Orange, being the same as that formerly called New 
Netherland which the English took from the Dutch, and 
the greater part of which is still of this latter nation and 
all protestants, it is not to be doubted but that they would 
receive the orders of the Prince of Orange and even force 
their Governor, did he not consent, to acknowledge him, and 
therefore we must look on as certain a war between that 
Colony and us, and not give it the time to push its intrigues 
with the savages to ruin us by means of them, if we do not 
anticipate them. And in case that, contrary to all appear- 
ances, they remain faithful to the King of England during 
the general rebellion of the English, we might, if H. M. 
thought proper, being on terms with that King, confide to 
him the secret of this expedition, draw from him an order 
to the Commandant of Orange and Manathe to surrender 
these places into H. M.'s hands, who would keep them for 
him and prevent the Rebels becoming masters of them, so 
as to have an opportunity to treat them as rebels did they 
not obey that order, being besides this, in a position to force 
them to it, on condition of negotiating eventually with the 
King for that Colony, which is the only means of securing 
Canada, firmly establishing Eeligion, Trade and the Kings 
authority throughout all North America. If the favorable 
opportunity which presents of becoming master of that 
Colony be neglected, it may surely be calculated that, through 
its intrigues with the Iroquois and other Savages, it will 
destroy Canada in a little time ; whose ruin will entail that 
of the establishment at Hudson's bay, the beaver and other 
peltry trade ; that of Acadia, the local fishery, and that of 
Newfoundland; and if we be forced to abandon Canada, it 
will, hereafter, in consequence of the frequent chasing of 
our fishermen by English vessels, render very difficult and 
dangerous for H. M.'s subjects the Codfishery on the Great 
Bank, which produces several millions to France, and is one 
of the most profitable investments that we have. 

Burning of Schenectady, 233 


Respecting the Expedition against New-York, 7tli June, 1689. 

IParis Doc. IY.'\ 

The King, having examined the proposition made him by 
Sieur Chevalier de Callieres Bonnevue of Montreal to at- 
tack New Yorke with his Majesty's troops in Canada and 
a number of the militia of that country, has the more wil- 
lingly assented to it as he knows that the English inhabiting 
that quarter have resolved since the last year to excite the 
Iroquois Nation, His Majesty's subjects, and force them to 
wage war against the French, having furnished them for 
that purpose with arms and ammunition, and endeavoured 
in every way, even to the prejudice of the King of England's 
orders and the faith of Treaties, to usurp the trade of the 
French in the country in possession of which they have 
been from all time. 

To accomplish this project His Majesty has given orders 
to Sieur Begon to prepare the munitions necessary for the 
expedition' and has caused two of his ships of war to be 
equipped in the port of Rochefort under the command of 
Sieur de la Caffiniere whom he has ordered to follow ex- 
actly the directions which said Sieur de Frontenac will 
give him regarding this expedition. 

He will set out with all diligence to embark at Rochelle 
in one of the ships and sail without loss of time for the en- 
trance of the gulf of St. Lawrence and Campseaux bay, 
where he will embark in the best of the merchantmen that 
will follow and repair to Quebec. * ^ h? 

Therefore on his arrival at Quebec he will take advan- 
tage of the state in which he will find things, to complete 
the suitable arrangements for departing with batteaux, ca- 
noes and all the equipage necessary for this expedition with 
the Chevalier de Callieres who will command the troops 
under his orders. 

He will despatch by land or water as he shall deem most 
certain, orders and instructions to Sieur de la Caffinere, to 
the place he will have designated, as to what he shall have 
to do, in order to repair to Manathe, he making use of the 
cypher which shall have been furnished him. 

234 Burning of Schenectady, 

He will order him to sail directly and without undertak- 
ing any thing along his course, follow the cost of Acadie 
(where he will leave in passing what he shall have for the 
said coast of Acadie) down to Manathe, and order him to 
anchor as safely as possible and to observe well the quarter 
where he will make his landing when said Sieur de Fron- 
tenac shall have arrived there. 

He will give orders to the Sieur de la Cafl&niere to seize 
the vessels he will find in the bay of the said Manathe, 
without exposing himself to any accident that may render 
him unable to cooperate in that enterprise. 

As it is impossible to fix on a certain rendezvous for the 
arrival of said vessels at Manathe at the same time that 
the Sieur de Frontenac will arrive there with the troops, 
without alarming those at that place, the two vessels of war 
must go right into the bay, more especially as the attack on 
the frontier post of New York will give warning to those of 
Manathe ] and the vessels thus arriving before the land 
forces, will cause a diversion. 

The said Sieur de Frontenac having informed himself 
of the route he is to take, of which he will make more par- 
ticular enquiries on the spot, as regard the convenience, 
security and expedition of the troops. His Majesty will not 
enter into further detail on this subject, nor on the attack 
on Orange and Manatte nor on any thing that relates thereto. 
He will solely recommend him to act as much as possible, 
in such a manner as that those of Orange may not be ad- 
vised of his march, so that he may surprise this first post 
and cut in below Orange to secure the number of vessels he 
may require to descend on Manathe, and to place things in 
such order as not to be uneasy when he shall depart for and 
be established at, the said Manathe. For this purpose he 
ought to leave a confidential ofiicer at Orange with such de- 
tachment as he will find necessary to be left there, with 
orders to be on his guard and to fortify himself, and to ob- 
tain all information possible for the success of the expedition 
against Manathe. He will also cause all the inhabitants to 
be disarmed and their efi"ects to be seized, giving them to 
hope every good treatment with which they can flatter 
themselves until he entertains no further apprehensions; 

Burning of Schenectady, 235 

then His Majesty desires that what is hereinafter prescribed 
to him, may be executed. 

He wishes particular care to be taken to prevent any 
plunder of provisions, merchandize, amunition, property, 
cattle, utensils and principal household furniture ; and as 
his object must be to place Forts Orange and Manathe in a 
state of defence, and to support the Frenchmen who will 
have remained there, he must not only victual the forts for 
the longest time possible but collect there all he can of pro- 
visions, and in default of a sufficient quantity of magazines 
in said forts he will lock them up in the towns, taking care 
not to touch those which he should deposit in said forts ex- 
cept when obliged. 

His Majesty does not wish any suspected inhabitants be 
left in that colony. His intention also is that an exact In- 
ventory be made in the settlements and plantations by Com- 
missary Gaillard (whom His Majesty wishes him to take 
with him,) of all cattle, grain, merchandize, furniture, effects 
and utensils he may find in each of the said settlements; 
that he select from among the inhabitants of Canada and 
the officers and soldiers of the troops those who will be found 
qualified to maintain and improve them, and that he furnish 
these with farms in His Majesty's name leaving them of the 
provisions that will be found there, as much as shall be ne- 
cessary to support them until they have produced some and 
he will examine one with another, those to whom he will 
think proper to grant said farms, so as to distribute the 
greater number in proportion to their skill and strength, 
observing to associate several in the same settlement when 
he shall deem such necessary. He will inform His Majesty 
of all he shall have done in this regard by sending him the 
enumeration of all that he shall have left in each such set- 
tlement, and furnish his opinion of the Quit rents which 
they will be in a condition to pay him. After having set- 
tled on what he shall judge absolutely necessary to leave to 
those to whom he will have given these farms, he will place 
in store all the surplus, such as grain, whale oil and all sorts 
of merchandize and other principal effects of which also in- 
ventories shall be made to be equally sent to his Majesty. 

He will examine into the means of distributing said pro- 
perty so that from what he will acquire there, his Majesty 

236 Burning of Schenectady. 

may order, on his advice, the gratuities he shall jud^e fit- 
ting to bestow on said militia, the army and navy officers, 
soldiers and sailors who shall have distinguished themselves 
and given individual marks of that satisfaction which he 
expects from their zeal and industry on this occasion. 

If he find among the inhabitants of New York, whether * 
English or Dutch, any Catholics on whose fidelity he can 
rely he may leave* them in their habitations after making 
them take the oath of allegiance to His Majesty, provided 
there be not too many of them and they do not excite any 
suspicion, having regard, in that, only to what will best pro- 
mote the preservation and advantage of the Colony and its 
security at the same time as well as that of the French. 

He may likewise retain, if he think proper, mechanics 
and other working people necessary to cultivate the land 
and work at fortifications in the capacity of prisoners, 
distributing them among the French inhabitants who may 
require them, until matters being in a state of entire secu- 
rity, they may be restored to liberty. 

The officers and principal inhabitants, from whom ransom 
can be exacted, must be detained in prison. 

Respecting all other foreigners, men, women and children, , 
His Majesty deems it proper that they should be put out of 
the Colony and sent to New England, Pennsylvania and to 
such other quarters as shall be considered expedient, either 
by land or sea, together or in divisions, all according as he 
shall find will best secure their dispersion and prevent them, 
by reunion, affording enemies an opportunity to get up ex- 
peditions against the Colony. 

He will send to France the French Refugees whom he 
will find there, particularly those of the pretended Re- 
formed religion. When he will have captured the fort and 
conquered that Colony he must think particularly of his 
return to Canada to convey thither the Militia and Soldiers 
he shall deem necessary for the King's service, according 
to the disposition in which he shall find things both as 
regards the Iroquois as well on the side of Canada as on 
that of New York, and in proportion to what troops he 
will calculate necessary to be left to guard the forts and 

Burning of Schenectady, 237 

And as nothing appears more important, after his expedi- 
tion, than to take advantage of the season to return to Ca- 
nada, he must, in case he cannot execute all that is above 
contained, confide its execution to Sieur Chevalier de Cail- 
lieres, giving him orders conformable and according to what 
he shall consider most fitting the King's service; His Ma- 
jesty having determined to confer on the said Chevalier de 
Caillieres the (jrovernmeiit of New York, and of the town 
and fort of Manathe in particular, under the authority of 
His Majesty's Lieutenant General in New France. 

He will select before leaving, the ofiicers and soldiers he 
will deem proper to leave at New York and put over the 
post the officers best qualified to maintain and fortify them. 

In case he find, after having provided sufficient troops for 
New York and concluded on the number of soldiers neces- 
sary for his Majesty's service in Canada, that he has a su- 
perabundance he can send some to France in the King's 
Ships, and retain thirty-five to forty men to be sent event- 
ually to Acadia. 

His Majesty is very glad to observe to him on this head, 
that he must regulate himself, as regards the number of men 
he will leave in New York, by the means of subsistence 
there and the necessity of guarding the country ; and he 
will also consider that his return to Canada will be more 
convenient for those he will have to convey back there, when 
they will not be more numerous. 

In case, contrary to all appearance, the season be too far 
advanced to admit his return to Canada during the remainder 
of the Fall, he will give advice of his expedition and sojourn 
there until the Spring, and he will employ himself during 
the winter in securing his conquests and waging war on the 

However that be, he ought if he be obliged to remain, 
either personally or through Chevalier do Caillieres, if that 
be convenient, profit by circumstances to conclude a solid 
and advantageous peace with the Iroquois, whom he will, 
doubtless find disposed to sue for it, being deprived of aid 
from and communication with the English. 

In order to deprive the English of the facility of under- 
taking land expeditions against New York from New Eng- 
land, His Majesty desires that the English Settlements ad- 

238 Burning of Schenectady. 

joining Manathe and further off if necessary, be destroyed : 
and that the more distant be put under contribution. 

He will send an exact report of all the observations he 
will be able to make regarding the trade of the new inha- 
bitants of New York, the security of the navigation thence to 
France, the communication with Canada, so that His Ma- 
jesty may give him on those points the necessary orders to 
derive from that conquest all the advantages to be expected 
from it. But should this expedition contrary to all appear- 
ances and for reasons which His Majesty cannot forsee, not 
be executed, he will convey his orders to the said Sieur de 
la Caffiniere to make war against the English, and to range 
along the Coast of New England and New York to capture 
there as many prizes as possible, and to remain there until 
he have no more provisions than are necessary for his return 
to France. 


Of the most rem.arkable occurrences in Canada from the depar- 
ture of the vessels, from the month of November, 1689, to the 
month of November, 1690. By Mens, de Monseignat, Comptroller 
General of the Marine in Canada. [^Paris Doc. IV.^ 

[Extract.] The orders received by M. le Comte (de 
Frontenac) to commence hostilities against New England, 
and New York, which had declared for the Prince of 
Orange, afforded him considerable pleasure, and were very 
necessary for the country. He allowed no more time to 
elapse before carrying them into execution than was re- 
quired to send off some despatches to France — immediately 
after which he. determined to organize three different 
detachments, to attack those rebels at all points at the same 
moment, and to punish them at various places for having 
afforded protection to our enemies, the Mohawks. The 
first party was to rendezvous at Montreal, and proceed 
towards Orange ; the second at Three Rivers, and to make 
a descent on New York, at some place between Boston and 
Orange :i and the third was to depart from Quebec, and 

^ This detachment entered New Hampshire where they burned 
a place called Salmon Falls. 

Burning of Schenectady. 239 

gain the seaboard between Boston and Pentagouet, verging 
towards Acadia. They all succeeded perfectly well, and I 
shall communicate to you the details. 

The detachment which formed at Montreal, may have 
been composed of about two hundred and ten men namely : 
eighty savages from the Sault and La Montague ; sixteen 
Algonquins ; and the remainder Frenchmen — all under the 
command of the Sieur Le Moyne de Sainte Helene, and 
Lieutenant Daillebout de Mantet, both of whom are Cana- 
dians. The Sieurs le Moyne d' Iberville and Repentigny 
de Montesson commanded under these. The best qualified 
Frenchmen were, the Sieurs de Bourepos, and de La Brosse 
Calvinist officers, the Sieur la Moyne de Blainville, Le Bert 
du Chene, and la Marque de Montigny, who all served as 
volunteers. They took their departure from Montreal at 
the commencement of February. 

After having marched for the course of five or six days, 
they called a council to determine the route they should 
follow, and the point they should attack. 

The Indians demanded of the French what was their 
intention. Messieurs de Sainte Helene and Mantet replied 
that they had left in the^'hope of attacking Orange if pos- 
sible, as it is the Capital of New York and a place of con- 
siderable importance, though they had no orders to that 
effect, but generally to act according as they should judge 
on the spot of their chances of success, without running 
too much risk. This appeared to tiie savages somewhat 
rash. They represented the difficulties and the weakness 
of the party for so bold an undertaking. There was even 
one among them who, his mind filled with the recollections 
of the disasters which he had witnessed last year, enquired 
of our Frenchmen, " since when had they become so desper- 
ate V In reply to their raillery, ^twas answered that it was 
our intention, now, to regain the honor of which our mis- 
fortunes had deprived us, and the sole means to accomplish 
that was to carry Orange, or to perish in so glorious an 

As the Indians, who had an intimate acquaintance with 
the localities, and more experienced than the French, 
could not be brought to agree with the latter, it was deter- 

240 Burning of Schenectady, 

mined to postpone coming to a conclusion until the party 
should arrive at the spot where the two routes separate — 
the one leading to Orange, and the other to Corlear 
(Schenectady). In the course of the journey, which 
occupied eight days, the Frenchmen judged proper to 
diverge towards Corlear, according to the advice of Indians ; 
and this road was taken without calling a new councill, 
Nine days more elapsed before they arrived, having experi- 
enced inconceivable difficulties, and having been obliged to 
march up to their knees in water, and to break the ice with 
their feet in order to find a solid footing. 

They arrived within two leagues of Corlear about four 
o'clock in the evening, and were harrangued by the great 
Mohawk chief of the Iroquois from the Sault. He urged 
on all to perform their duty, and to lose all recollections of 
their fatigue, in the hope of taking ample revenge for the 
injuries they had received from the Iroquois at the solicita- 
tion of the English, and of washing them out in the blood 
of the traitors. This savage was without contradiction the 
most considerable of his tribe — an honest man — as full of 
spirit, prudence and generosity as it was possible, and capa- 
ble at the same time of the grandest undertakings. Shortly 
after four Squaws were discovered in a wigwam who gave 
every information necessary for the attack on the town. 
The fire found in their hut served to warm those who were 
benumbed, and they continued their route having previously 
detached Giguieres, a Canadian, with nine Indians, on the 
lookout. They discovered no one, and returned to join the 
main body within one league of Corlear. 

At eleven of the clock that night, they came within sight 
of the town, resolved to defer the assault until two o'clock 
of the morning. But the excessive cold admitted of no 
further delay. 

The town of Corlear forms a sort of oblong with only two 
gates — one opposite the road we had taken ; the other lead- 
ing to Orange, which is only six leagues distant. Messieurs 
de Sainte Helene and de Mantet were to enter at the first 
which the squaws pointed out, and which in fact was found 
wide open. Messieurs d'lberville and de Montesson took 
the left with another detachment, in order to make them- 
selves masters of that leading to Orange. But they could 

Burning of Schenectady, 241 

not discover it, and returned to join the remainder of the 
party. A profound silence was every where observed, until 
the two commanders, who separated, at their entrance into 
the town for the purpose of encircling it, had met at the 
other extremity. 

The signal of attack was given Indian fashion, and the 
entire force rushed on simultaneously. M. de Mantet placed 
himself at the head of a detachment, and reached a small 
fort where the garrison was under arms. The gate was 
burst in after a good deal of difficulty, the whole set on fire, 
and all who defended the place slaughtered 

The sack of the town began a moment before the attack 
on the fort. Few houses made any resistance. M. de Mon- 
tigny discovered some which he attempted to carry sword in 
hand, having tried the musket in vain. He received two 
thrusts of a spear — one in the body and the other in the 
arm. But M. de Sainte Helene having come to his aid, 
effected an entrance, and put every one who defended the place 
to the sword. The Massacre lasted two hours. The remain- 
der of the night was spent in placing sentinels and in taking 
some repose, • 

The house belonging to the minister was ordered to be 
saved, so as to take him alive to obtain information from 
him ; but as it was not known it was not spared any more 
than the others. He was slain and his papers burnt before 
he could be recognized. 

At daybreak some men were sent to the dwelling of Mr. 
Coudre [Sander], who was Major of the place, and who 
lived at the other side of the river. He was not willing to 
surrender, and began to put himself on the defensive with 
his servants and some Indians; but as it was resolved not to 
do him any harm, in consequence of the good treatment that 
the French had formerly experienced at his hands, M. d'lber- 
ville and the great Mohawk proceeded thither alone, pro- 
mised him quarter for himself, his people, and his property, 
whereupon he laid down his arms, on parole, entertaining 
them in his fort, and returned with them to see the com- 
mandants of the town. 

In order to occupy the savages who would otherwise have 
taken to drink and thus rendered themselves unable for de- 
fence, the houses had already been set on fire. N^one were 

Annals, iv. 21 

242 Burning of Schenectady. 

spared in the town but one house belonging to Coudre, and 
that of a widow with six children, whither M. de Montigny 
had been carried when wounded. All the rest were con- 
sumed. The lives of between fifty and sixty persons, old 
men, women and children, were spared, they having escaped 
the first fury of the attack. Some twenty Mohawks were 
also spared, in order to show them that it was the English 
and not they against whom the grudge was entertained. 
The loss on this occasion in houses, cattle and grain, amounts 
to more than four hundred thousand livres. There were 
upwards of eighty well built and well furnished houses in 
the town. 

The return march commenced with thirty prisoners. 
The wounded, who were to be carried, and the plunder 
with which all the Indians and some Frenchmen were 
loaded, caused considerable inconvenience. Fifty good 
horses were brought away. Sixteen of these only reached 
Montreal. The remainder were killed for food on the road. 

Sixty leagues from Corlaer the Indians began to hunt, 
and the French not being able to wait for them, being short 
of provisions, continued their route, having detached Mes- 
sieurs d'Iberville and Du Chesne with two savages before 
them to Montreal. On the same day, some Frenchmen, 
who doubtless were very much fatigued, lost their way. 
Fearful that they should be obliged to keep up with the 
main body, and believing themselves in safety having eighty 
Indians in their rear, they were found missing from the 
camp. They were waited for next day until eleven o'clock, 
but in vain, and no account has since been received of them. 

Two hours after, forty men more left the main body with- 
out acquainting the commander, continued their route by 
themselves, and arrived within two leagues of Montreal one 
day ahead, so that there were not more than fifty or sixty 
men together. The evening on which they should arrive 
at Montreal, being extremely fatigued from fasting and bad 
roads, the rear fell away from M. de Sainte Helene, who 
was in front with an Indian guide, and who could not find 
a place suitable for camping nearer than three or four 
leagues of the spot where he expected to halt. He was not 
rejoined by M. de Mantet and the others until far advanced 
in the night. Seven have not been found. Next day on 

Burning of Schenectady . . 243 

parade, about ten o'clock in the forenoon, a soldier arrived 
who announced that they had been attacked by fourteen or 
fifteen savages, and that six had been killed. The party 
proceeded somewhat afflicted at this accident, and arrived 
at Montreal at 3 o'clock, p. m. 

Such Madame, is the account of what passed at the taking 
of Corlaer. The French lost but twenty-one men, namely 
four Indians and seventeen Frenchmen. Only one Indian 
and one Frenchmen were killed at the capture of the town. 
The others were lost on the road. 

[From Mortgage Book B, in County Clerk's Ofllce, Albany.} 

Albany y^ ^th day of February 16|^ 
Die Sabbathi. 

This morning about 5 o' Clock ye alarm was brought here 
by Symon Schermerhoorn who was shott threw his Thigh 
yt ye french and Indians had murthered ye People of Skin- 
nechtady ; having got into ye Towne about 11 or 12 a 
Clock there being no Watch Kept (y" Inhabitants being so 
negligent & Refractory) and y^ he had much adoe to Escape 
they being very numerous. They fyred severall times at 
him at last throw his Thigh and wounded his horse and was 
come over Canatagionei to bring ye news. 

The allarm being given all People Repared to there Post 
ye fort fyred severall gunns to give ye alarm to ye farmers 
but few heard there being such an Extream Snow above 
Knee Deep Severall ye People haveing Escaped ye Cruelty 
of ye french and there Indians came Running here & told 
us ye Village was a fyre and y' they had much adoe to Es- 
cape for all ye streets were full of french and Indians, & y^ 
many People were murthered and y^ ye enemy were march- 
ing hither which news was Continually Confirmed till after- 
noon Letters were sent forthwith to Sopus for ye assistance 
of a hundred men an Expresse sent to Skachkook but by 
reason of ye highwater — deep snow & yse could not Proceed, 
notice was given to all ye farmers of Kinderhook Claverak 
&ea of ye sad news, Some horse men sent out to Discover ye 

* Now Niskayuna 

244 - Burning of Schenectady, 

Enemies force and there march but were forced to Return 
ye snow being so Deep yet some were sent out again who 
got thither, Laurence y^ Indian with ye Maquase y* were in 
Town were sent out also to Skinnechtady to Dispatch posts 
to ye Maquase Castles for all y^ Indians to come doune, but 
unhappily sa<* Indians comeing to Skinnechtady were soe 
much amazed to see so many People murthered and De- 
stroyed that they omitted ye sending up to ye Maquase 
Castles according to there Engagement, While ye Enemy 
was at N. Scotia a man came to Ensign Joh : Sander Glen 
and said he would goe to y^ Maquase Castles and warn ye 
Maquase to come doune who was ordered to go in all haste 
'but comeing to ye Upper Plantations went for fear along 
with some of ye oy Inhabitants into ye Woods and never 
went to ye Maquase Castles, this night we gott a letter from 
Skinnectady Informing us y^ the Enemy y' had done y^ 
Mischieffe there were about one hundred and fifty or 200 
men but that there were 1400 men in all; One army for 
Albany & anoy for Sopus which hindred much ye march- 
ing of any force out of ye Citty fearing yt ye enemy might 
watch such an opportunity. 

The \Oth day of February. 

Present. P^ Schuyler May D. Wessels ReC J. Bleecker, 
C. Bull, Capt Staets, Aid. Shaick, Aid. Ryckman, Joh. Cuy- 
ler, Ens Bennett. 

Resolved y^ Capt Jonathan Bull be sent w^i^ 5 men out 
of each Compy to Skinnechtady to bury ye dead there & if 
ye Indians be come doune to joyn with them & Pursue ye 

Instructions for Capt. Jonathan Bull. 

You are to goe w^'^ all Convanient speed with 

men to Skinnechtady & there Bury ye dead which are Killed 
by ye Enemy and give such succor and Relieffe to ye Poor 
People left alive at Skinnechtady as y^-can, and if there be 
any considerable number of friendly Indians at Skinnech- 
tady yu are w^^ all speed to Pursue & follow after the french 

Burning of Schenectady. 245 

and Indian Enemy & them Spoyle and Destroy what in y" 
Lyes and use all means Imaginable to Rescue y^ Prisoners 
which they have Carried along with them. 

You are to take Especiall Care to have always Spyes and 
Skouts out on both sides of ye Path where y^^ March y Men 
and to be as Carefull as Possible for ambushes of ye Enemy 
and to Keep y men in good order and Discipline. 

List of y^ People Mid arid destroyed by y^ French of Ca- 
nida and there Indians at Skinnechtady twenty miles to 
y^ westward of Albany between Saturday and Suiiday 
y^ 9th day of February 16^. 

Myndert Wemp killd 1 

Jan van Eps and his Sonne & 2 of his Children kild 4 

a negroe of dito Van Eps 1 

Serjt Church of Cap' Bulls Compy 1 

Barent Jansse Killd and Burnd his Sonne kild -. 2 

And^ Arentset Bratt shott and Burnt & also his child"... 2 

Mary Viele wife of Dowe Aukes & her 2 children killd.. 3 

and his Negro Woman Francyn 1 

Mary Aloff Wife of Cornells Viele Jun"" Shott... 1 

Sweer Teunise Shott & burnt his wife kild & ^ all 

burnt ^ in 2 

Antje Janz doughter of Jan Spoor kild & burnt I 1 
Item 4 Negroes of y said Sweer Teunise y^ f 

same death one 4 

Enos Talmidge Leift of Capt Bull kild & burnt J house 1 

Hend Meese Vrooman & Bartholomeus Vrooman kild & 

burnt 2 

Item 2 Negroes of Hend Meese ye same death 2 

Gerrit Marcellis and his Wife and childe kild...., 3 

Robt Alexander sould"" of Capt Bulls Shott 1 

Rob^ hesseling shott ] 

Sander ye sonne of gysbert gerritse kild & burnt 1 

Jan Roeloffse de goyer burnt in ye house 1 

Ralph grant a souldier in ye fort shott 1 

David Christoffelse & his wife w^ii 4 Children all burnt in 

there house 6 

Joris Aertse shott and burnt W™ Pieterse kild 1 

246 Burning of Schenectady, 

Joh : Potman kild his wife kild & her skalp taken off... 3 
Pome Petrus Tassemaker ye Minister kild & burnt in his 

house 1 

Frans Harmense kild 1 

Engel the wife of Adam Vroman shot & burnt her childe 

the brains dashed out against ye wall 2 

Reynier Schaets and his sonne kild 2 

Daniel Andries & George 2 souldiers ofCapt Bull 2 

a french girl Prisoner among ye Mohogs kild 1 

A Maquase Indian kild 1 

Johannes ye Sonne of Symon Schermerhoorn 1 

3 Negroes of Symon Schermerhoorn 3 

In all 60 

Lyst ofy^ persones which y^ French and there Indians have 
taken pj-isoners att Shinnectady and carried to Canida 
y^ 9^^ day of February 16||-. 

Johannes Teller and his negroe 2 

John Wemp sonne of Mynd' Wemp & 2 negroes 3 

Symon, Abraham, Philip, Dirck & Groot all 5 sonnes of 

Symon Groot 5 

Jan Baptist sonne of Jan Van Epps., 1 

Albert & Johannis Vedder sonnes of harme Vedder 2 

Isaak Cornelise Switts & his Eldest sonne 2 

a negroe of Barent Janse 1 

Arnout ye sonne of Arnout Corn : Viele ye Interp' 1 

Stephen ye sonne of Gysbert Gerritse 1 

Lawrence sonne of Claes Lawrence Purmurent 1 

Arnout sonne of Paulyn Janse 1 

Barent ye sonne of Adam Vroman & y^ neger 2 

Claes sonne of Frans Harmense 1 

Stephen adopted sonne of Geertje Bouts 1 

John Webb a souldier Belonging to Capt Bull 1 

David Burt belonging to ye same Compe 1 

Joseph Marks of ye same Compe 1 

In all 27 

Burning of Schenectady. 24' 

Hie way how y^ bloody French and Indians committed this 
Tragedy was thus. 
After they were gott into ye Toune without being dis- 
covered (no watch or guard being kept, notwithstanding 
severel gent^ of Albany no longer than 3 days before were 
up there to Perswade y'" to it). The french & ye Indians 
besett each house and after they had murthered ye People 
they burnt all ye houses and barns Cattle &ca Except 5 a 
6 : which were saved by Cap' Sanders to whom thew were 
kinde as they had Particular orders so to be by reason of 
ye many kindnesse shewne by his wife to ye french JPri- 

Albany y^ 22 day offebruary 16|-§ 

Symon Van Ness and Andries Barents who went out ye 
first with ye Maquaese returning told ; they had Pursued 
ye Enemy to ye great Lake & would have overtaken them 
had they not been spyed by some of ye Enemy Indians 
that went out to looke for 2 Negroe boys, y^ were Runn 
away from them, & y^ ye Indians & Christians were all 
Tyred when they came to ye Croune Point neer ye Lake ; 
some went further till they came to where ye Ise was 
Smoth ; where the french had with horses that they car- 
ried from Skinnechtady & Skeets and Yse Spurrs, made 
all the way they could over ye Lake in so much that our 
People could gain nothing upon them : whereas at first 
they went 2 of their days journeys in one; neverthelesse 
Laurence ye Maquase and about 140 Mohoggs & River 
Indians are gone in Pursuit of them, and will follow them 
quite to canida. 

Jacob Leisler to Maryland. 

[From a volume in the Secretary's OflSce, endorsed "Duke of York's Charter, 
Laws, Papers, &c., in Leisler's Time, I."] 

March 4, 1689 [O. S.] fort wilHam. 
To our great griefs I must acquaint you of the sad and 
deplorable massacre which happened at skenectad}- near 
Albany by the french and their Indians the 19th of flebru- 

248 Burning of Schenectady. 

ary last betwixt Saturnday & Sunday at eleven of the 
clock in the night 200 men fell upon them & most barbar- 
ously murdered sixty two men women & children & burned 
the place left by 5 or 6 houses unburned carried away 
captive 27 the rest escaped many of which being about 
25 persons much damnified by the french women with 
chyld ript up, children alive thrown into the flames, some 
their heads dashed ag^ the doors and windows all occasioned 
by their neglect of their not watching, deryving to obey un- 
der the command of the Commission of Sir Edmund the s^ 
commander being onely spared withall which belongs to him 
a safeguard being sett in his house & he himself to release 
the prisoners he desired last Nov'ber a certaine number of 
rebellious people at- Albany calling themselves the conven- 
tion & ruling by the arbitrary Commission of Sir Edmond & 
encouraged & supported by some of the wicked creatures 
of Sir Edmond, desired from me assistance of men gunes 
ammunition & money being afraied of the french to whom 
we have sent 52 men 501bs match 9501bs pouder, boulits 
etc wch arryving there ag^ their expectatione would not re- 
ceive them, & were left there by the Inhabitants desire, the 
s'J rebells with their fort keept the Inhabitants under a faire. 
I have sent up this Winter & commissioned one Capn with 
25 men to Joine with our confederate Indians to warre ag^ 
the french at Canada, who were hindered by the s^' rebells, 
who proclaimed upon paine of being punished for rebells if 
they mett above four men soe they were prevented to goe, 
we would else have discovered the enemy & prevented that 

The same to the Bishop of Salisbury.^ 

31 March, 1690. 
May it please your Lordship — The foregoing being sent 
via Boston pr the agents for New England which we hope 
are safely arrived ere this date, we take leave to add, that 
[to] a certain village named Schanectede 24 miles to the 
northward of Albany on Saturday the 9th of Febr. last about 
11 a clock at night, came 200 French and Indians near 100 

' Lend. Doc. VII. 

Burning of Schenectady. 249 

each and attacqued the same whilst it snowed thick, barbar- 
ously destroying the Inhabitants all being dutch; they 
murthered 60 persons, and bore away with them 27 prisoners, 
wounding: some others so that there remain but about one 
sixth part of them having there cattle, goods and provisions 
destroyed and arrested from them, the remnant sheltering 
themselves at Albany, where is provision made for them from 
New Yorke. Being alarmed by the daily expectations of 
the French and Indians advancing towards us with a con- 
siderable number of 2500 French besides their Indians at 
Mont-Real, endeavouring to obtaine upon the allyed Indians 
with us, vize The Macquaes, Oneydauns, Onnondades, 
Cayougaes, Sinnekaes, and Mehekanders who have espoused 
our cause, we have appointed persons to meet them at 
Albany in a few days to consult our best way to intercept 
the Ennemies march; The Maquaes having given us a 
proofe of their fidelity and courage by pursuing those who 
destroyed Schenechtede even near their own home, taking 
and slaying twenty five of them who lagged in the reare, 
and promise to rayse more than 1000 men of theirs tojoyne 
with 400 of ours which we have neare raysed for that intent, 
keeping the passe upon the lake with a Company of Indians 
and Christians in number about 50, that upon the enemyes 
approach, we may be timely notice, lying about 150 miles 
northward of Albany which we have fortified, to the best of 
our power aud capacityes, the fort having 13 canon, 10 
Barrells of powder and 60 men in garrison with other habili-= 
ments; the townepalasadoes round and making breastworks 
within, but want of canon. 

Roht. Livingston to Sir Edmond Andros. 

Hartford, 14 April 1690. 
May it Please yr Excelly — I was in hopes Yo Excel : 
should have heard ye newes of y^ destroying Skinnechtady 
by y*^ French and Indians before your departure y' your 
Excel, might y^ more hastnd their motion at Whitehall for 
our Settlement. On ye 9^^ of Feby last a compy of 250 
French and Indians came upon y^ place when they were all 
asleep about 11 a clock at night, and killd and destroyed 60 

250 Burning of Schenedadif. 

men women and children, carryed 27 men and boys prisoners 
and burnt ye towne except 6 or 7 houses which are saved by 
Captain Sander, whom they did not touch, having expresse 
command to meddle w'" none of his relations for his wife's 
sake who had always been kind to y^ French prisoners. 
The people of that towne were so bygotted to Leysler that 
they would not obey any of y^ Magistrates neither would 
they entertain y*^ souldiers sent thither by y^ Convention of 
all ; nothing but men sent from Leysler would do theire 

Thus had Leysler perperted y^ poor people by his sedi- 
tious letters now founde all bloody upon Skinnechtady 
streets with the notions of a free trade, boalting &c. and 
thus they are destroyed; they would not watch, and where 
Capt. Sander commanded, there they threatened to burn 
him upon y® fire, if he came upon the garde. We were 
much alarmd at Albany ] we sent y® Maquase y^ were at 
hand out to y® Maquase Castles ; but y® Messenger being 
so timorous did not proceed ; so y^ it was 3 days before we 
could get y® Maquaese downe to pursue them, who being 
joyned with our men, fowllowed them to the Great Lake 
where y® Yse being good and y® French haveing robb'd 
sundrey horses, put their plunder upon sleds and so over 
y® Lake; however y® Indians pursued and gott 10, and 
afterwards 5, and killed 3. Who being examined relate, y^ 
y* French design to attacke Albany early in y^ Spring, 
haveing 120 batoes 100 birch canoes and 12 light morter 
pieces and severall other engines ready, and are to come 
with 1500 men. .... Poor Sharpe 
is lame being wounded with great gunn yt split when ye 
alarm came [to Albany] of Skinnechtady. 

Jacob Leisler to the Governour of BarhadoesA 

Ac 1690 : 17 May in fort Wilkins. 
Honorable Sir — The French of Canada with their In- 
dianes committed six bloody masacres in this province three, 
& in New England three, they have destroyed Skanectady a 

From volume endoraed : Letters in Leisler's time, &c. 

Burning of Schenectady. 251 

village 20 miles from Albany, murdered sixty three men 
women and children, carried captive 27 : & have committed 
the greatest tyranny imaginable, rypt up women with chyld 
throwed children alive into the flame, dasht others ag' door 
post till their brains stuck to it, another murder of eleven 
people, and one or two committed since last fall, we send 
fifty men up to guard that place, but a certaine number of 
people there maintaining the comissions from Sir Edmond 
Andross & Coll. Dongan deryvingfrom the authority of the 
late late King James would not accept them there, but 
keept the fort by virtue of the s ' Commission & would not 
sufier any of them to goe & guard s*^' Village being the 
frontier but send of their people there, by which means 
from treachery cowardice and carelesnes that too unfortu- 
nate and to be lamented accident has hapened there, the 
river being frozen that noe forces could be sent up the win- 
ter, the well meaned people lodged our souldiers who kept 
guard in the Citty whereof the french & Indian (in num- 
ber of 200 men) had advise the Indianes would not goe 
there & so altered the designe, and that place was by that 
meanes spared our Indians pursued them kild & took 25 french- 
men who gave us an account of severall troops out in a designe 
in the Spring with 2500 french beside their Indianes. 

Jir. Van Corlandt to Sir Ed. AndrosA 

May it please your Excellency, 19 May, 1690. 

* * * The French and Indians have againe, 

since your Excelky'« departure, destroyed some people to 
the Eastward of Boston, have also burned Scheneghtade 
killed 60 people and tooke 28 young men and boys pri- 
soners ; about 150 Indians and 50 young men off Albany 
followed the French overtooke them opon the lake killed 
some and tooke 15 Frenchmen, which the Indians have 
killed in their castles ; the french Indians have killed eight 
or ten people att Conestagione, which has made the whole 
country in alarm, and the people leave their plantations. 
Most of the Albany Wood men are att New Yorke. Arent 
Schuyler went with eight Indians to Chambly killed 2 and 
tooke 1 Frenchman prisoner. 

^ London Doc. vol. vii. 

252 ' Burning of Schenectady. 

Mr. Livingston to Capt. Nicholson.^ 

7tli June, 1690. 
Hon^'ie Sir, — We of Albao j stood out the longest till 
were deserted by all New-England, and while I was sent by 
the Convention of Albany to procure assistance from the 
neighbouring colonies, Leisler sent up one Jacob Milborne, 
formerly a servant to a man in Hartford, but now a fitt 
tool for his turn with 160 men, who gott the fort surren- 
dered to him, after I had maintained the garrison, and all 
publick charge to the 12th of March, turn'd out all the 
Souldiers but 12 or 13, which they tooke in again, and so 
kept there for some weeks — This Jacob Milbourne, John 
de Bruine and Johannes I'rovoost, under the dominion of 
New York Commissr* spending tlieir time with drinking 
and quafl&ng, while the French Indians comes and cutts off 
the people at Canastagioue and above Synectady, and never 
one of them catcht. We have all Leisler's seditious letters 
secured which was the occasion of the destruction of Synech- 
tady, miraculously found in the streets, all embrued w'^ 
blood the morning after massacree was committed, so that 
we want nothinof but a Governor to call him to account. 

Letter from Leisler to Gov. Treat. 

Fort William Feb. 15th 1689. 

Honble Sr — Since our other, the sad news of the French 
wth their Indians have killed most of the Inhabitants of 
Shenectede, burnt their houses and carryed their provisions, 
to a greater number as is to be feared, who are encouraged 
by that convention & Colonel Bayards faction, who have 
asserted the Commissions of Sr Edmund Andross to remaine 
in full force ; the consequence thereof is very dangerous, for 
that King James and they espouse one cause, but when the 
persons advised of arrive [to] you wch may be some dayes 
longer than was before expressed, supposing Friday next it 
will be further dilated hoping care will be taken that all 
convenient dispatch may be offered unto them, desiring the 

^ Lon. Doc. vol. vii. 

Burning of Schenectady, 253 

Lord to give us suitable supplyes of his assistance to doe 
our duty m this sad occasion and that all evil members may 
be discovered and accordingly censured 

With due respects I am 

Sr yor Honors Humble Serv* 
Jacob Leisler. 
Superscribed to the Honble Robert Treat Esquire Gro- 
vernr of His Maties Colony of Connecticutt for their Maties 
Service There. 

Instructions to the Military and Civil Officers of the Southern 
Counties and East Jersey. 

Fort William February 15, 1689. 

Gentlemen. — Whereas y« ffrench have surprized Scha- 
negtade, & killed & taken Prisoners the most of Their Maties 
Subjects, burning & destroying y^ s'l Place ] and fearing too 
great a Correspondency hath bean maintained between y« 
s'^ ffrench & disaffected P'sons amongst us. 

These are in his Maties Name to will & require you to 
secure all Such Persons who are resputed Papists or Do any 
wise despise or reflect against this Governm^ or hold or 
maintaine any Commissions from the Late Govenrs Colo 
Thomas Dongan or Sr Edmund Andros by Virtue of their 
authority derived from King James the second & y^ same 
safely to Convey to mee forthwth Given under My hand & 
seale this 15th ffeby 1689 and in ye first yeare of Their 
Maties Reigne. Jacob Leisler. 

By the Lievt. Governor and Councill^ &ca. 

Whereas ye ffrench have destroyed the Inhabitants & 
their howses at Shanegtade Bearing away Provisions & other 
spoyles wth them wch sharply alarms that Post of albany 
although wee doubt not (by God's Providence & y^ numbers 
upon ye Place) to secure the same agst whatsoever forces of 
ye s'J french Shall adventure to attack it. Yet according to 
our bounden duty to God ye Kings Interest & ye Safety & 
prservacon of ye good people of this Province ; — 

These are in his maties King Wms Name to will and 
require you forthwith (to take Measures as to you shall seem 

AnnalSy iv. 22 

254 Burning of Schenectady. 

meet) for raising fifty men within your County for y^ s^^ 
Service&Expediconvponwhat termes soever shall Be agreed 
on ye same to dispeed to y^ fort Wm. in N. Yorke where 
all due Care shall be taken and Encouragem^ given for their 
further procedure & for your assistance herein have sent Mr. 
Jacob Millborne that you may advise & Conclude what shall 
most Conduce to the Ends afores^ Given &c. feby 16. 
1689 Jacob Leisler. 

To Major Gerrardus Beeckman & others y® Military & 
Civill Officers for Kings County upon Long Island. 

From Mortgage Book I, in County Clerk's Office. 

Feb 10th 16|| 

Resolved y^ 25 volunteers goe under y^ Command of 
Leift Evert de Bidder together with those men gone to 
Shinnectady this morning and Pursue and follow after y« 
french & Indian Enemy who have carried Sundrey of there 
Majes Subjects Captives from Shinnectady who had this 
following Commission. 

Whereas the french and Indians of Canida have come 
in a hostile manner massacred and murthered Sundrey of 
there Majes Subjects at Shinnectady burning ye Towne 
and caried divers Captives along with them ; yow are hereby 
required in there Majes name king William and Queen 
Mary to Pursue and follow after y^ s^ french and Indians 
with so many volunteers as shall be sent with yw and ye s'l 
french and Indians to kill and Destroy and y^' Captives to 
Kescue and Bedeem out of ye s*^ Enemies hands if Possible, 
always Provided yow meet with a sufficient number oS. 
friend Indians at Shinnectady to assist yow in said Expedi- 

Yow are to take Especiall care to have always Spyes and 
Skouts out to Prevent all ambushes in ye march and to 
keep ye said men in good order and Discipline & ye men 
are to be obedient to ye orders as Souldiers are obliged to 
obey there officers by ye Law marshal I given in albany ye 
10th day of february 16|-g. 

To Leift Evert de Bidder 

Burning of Schenectady. 255 

It was Resolved to Detach 30 men more out of ye Comp« 
to go to Shinnectady ye Mayr Pr Schuyler Jochim Staets 
& Robt Livingston were to goe out along with them but 
after that ye Respective Posts and watches were reduced by 
Mr Wessels Capt Jochim Staets & Capt Bleeker they were 
found so weake that they could not spare there men & ye 
People generally unwilling to consent that any more men 
should go out of Towne not being much above 150 men in 
ye City 

Die Martis Albany ye 11th day of February 16|f 
Haveing Received Information from Shinnectady last 
night y^ no messenger was yet gone to ye Maquase Castle 
to warn them to come doune it was resolved that Mr Wes- 
sels should goe in all haste thither to bring doune ye Ma- 
quase and Capt. Gerrit Teunise to goe with a Party of men 
now att Shinnectady to follow ye Enemies Tract to see if 
they had a stronger army or any party bounde hither to 
this Toune and comeing to Shinnectady were assured that 
a messenger was gone to ye Maquase Castles, and Lawrence 
ye Indian haveing been out in pursuit of ye Enemy with 9 
men which Lay here in Toune got an Indian Prisoner by ye 
way who was examined and told y^ the Enemy were not 
many above a hundred french and 100 Indians ye s'' Law- 
rence ye Maquase Proposed y^ he now had 49 men of y® 
Maquase & River Indians sent from Albany, y^ he was In- 
tended to pursue ye Enemy to morrow, for his hearc was 
Broke to see so much of his Brethrens blood shed and 
would Procure some of ye Prisoners back again either by 
force or by strategem, upon wh Mr Wessells proposed to ye 
young men come there with Leift Evert de Ridder ; now 
yow see what that Lawrence ye Indian Intends, how many 
of yow are willing to goe along with him & serve there 
Majes king William & Queen Mary & Pursue there Ene- 
mies that have Destroyed so many Christians, out of which 
Compe & of some oyrs y^ came from Albany only 21 went 
out with Lawrence ye Maquase on ye 12th of february being 
Weddensday, and just as they were furnished and Ready to 
goe ye Indians of ye first & 2^' Castle came to Capt Sanders 
but ye weather being so badd & such a Rain they could not 

256 Burning of Schenectady, 

Proceed yt day Expecting ye Indians of y^ 3<5 Castle would 
be there that night. 

The 12th dito Die Mercury. 
Last night it was Resolved upon to make Ready one hun- 
dred men to joyn with y^ 50 men y^ were at Shinnectady & 
wth ye Maquase & River Indians & so pursue ye Enemy, 
but this day ye great Thaw and Rain prevented there march 
and quite Discouraged ye People of haveing any Successe, 
we writt therefore to Shinnectady to Mr. Wessels y^ we 
hoped he had sent ye men forward that was there and 
them were sent him last night, Since we see no Probability 
of Sending any more from hence ye weather being so badd 
which accordingly was done haveing advice y^ Mr. Wessells 
had Dispatched abojit 90 or 100 Christians & Indians & ye 
Skachkooc Indians wch were gone by the way of Sarachtoge 
were to meet them together with ye 40 maquase y^ were out 
as skouts Lawrence sending forthwith 2 messengers before 
to warn ye s^ 40 Indians to meet them. 

The 13 dito. Die Jovis. 

About 10 a Clock ye Indians of Tionondage ye 3^ Castle 
of ye Mohoggs came to Shinnectady who Rested there that 
day, alderman Shaik Capt Staets & Ensign Shuyler were 
Comujanded out with a Party of men to joyn ye Tionondages 
and so Pursue ye Enemy but comeing to Shinnectady ye 
Indian Prisoner taken by Lawrence being given to ye Sa- 
chims of Tionondage after they had Tormented him he was 
given to an Indian wooman according to there custome who 
gave him his life, who then Confessed y^ when he came out 
of Canida there were 600 men making Ready to come out 
towards Albany or N : England, wch Discouraged alderman 
Shaik Capt. Jochim Staets to Proceed ; The more because 
a negro woman of Shinnectady was told ye Same by a Span- 
yard y- was among ye french y' a Design was laid against 
Albany, so y^ ye Tionondages went out & followed Lawrence, 
& after they had been out a day came back again till Law- 
rence sent a messenger that he was within a days journey 
of ye Enemy and Praid them to come up with all Speed 

Burning of Schenectady. 257 

then they went and 9 of our Christians with Ens : Abr : 
Schuyler, but could not overtake ye Enemy ye Christians 
came back & ye Indians went on. The maquase upon our 
Dsyre granted the Indian Prisoner to be sent to ye fort to 
be Secured for fear of his Running away to Canida. 

Capt. Garten Capt Paling Capt Beekman & Capt Matthys 
wth 80 men came from Sopus for our assistance. 

Circular to the Governors of the several Provinces. 

New York Aprill 2d 1690 : 

Honble sir — The unexpected surprisall of a small vil- 
lage called skenectady by the french & their Indian Confed- 
erates hath so alarmed the fronteer post of Albany & those 
of new England that it is a work necessary to be well con- 
sulted how to secure that place, the welfare whereof con- 
cerns all the neighboring Collonies ; And therefore having 
certane notice of 2500 french posted in Montroyoll whch 
advanceth from Quebec towards Albany near 250 miles & 
an additional strenth of the Indianes being expected, may 
sooner attack our afores^ post then happily we are aware of, 
wee having done what our circumstances & endeavoures 
could well contribute, have likewise communicated the same 
to the Governor of Boston, & the gentlemen of Connecticutt 
are likewise advertised thereof, insomuch that wee propose 
for a general assistance that such persones as to you shall 
seem meet may be commissionated to treat with them of 
new England, Virginia, pensilvania & Jerseys relating this 
important affaire here at new york being adjudged the me- 
dium between the parties concerned upon the 24th day of 
Aprill next after this date, that soe we may conclude what 
may conduce most to the Kings intrest, welfare of the 
provinces & the prevention if not destructione of the eny. 
mies &c. 

Letter to the Governor of Barhadoes. 

A : 1690 : 17 May in fort william 
The french of Canada with their Indianes committed six 
bloody massacres in this province three & in new England 

258 Burning of Schenectady. 

three, they have destroyed Skanectady a village 20 mills 
from Albany, murdered sixty-three men women and child- 
ren, carried captive 27: & have committed the greatest 
tyrranny imaginable, ript up women with chyld throwed 
children alive into the flame, dashed others ag^ door post 
till their braines stuck to it, another murder of eleaven people, 
and one or two committed since last fall, we send 52 men up 
to guard that place, but a certane number of people there 
maintaining the commissiones from sir Edmond Andros & 
Coll : dongan dery ving from the authority of the late King 
James would not accept them there, but keept the fort by 
virtue of the s^^ Commission & would not suffer any of them 
to goe and guard s'' village being the fronteer but send of 
their people there, by which meanes from treachery coward- 
ice & carelesnes that too unfortunate and to be lamented 
accident hes happened there, the river being frozen thatnoe 
forces could be sent up the winter, the well meaned people, 
lodged our souldiers who kept guard in the citty whereof 
the french & Indian (in number of 100 men) had advice the 
Indianes would not goe there & so altered thedesigne & that 
place was by that meanes spared our Indians persued them 
killd & tooke 25 frenchmen who gave us an account of 
severall troops out in a designe in the spring to come with 
2500 french besides their Indianes, your honor great & gene- 
rous example and loyall attempt agt the bloody enimies the 
french, you were pleased to acquaint me besides the foresight 
and good advice of the weaknes your honor suspects the 
french at Canada, wherein in the great advantages his Matie 
& his subjects may reap by, who have resolved to us all the 
meanes imaginable to prevent & if possible destroy them there, 
and so soone the weather has permitted, wee have sent up 250 : 
men more, & sent out 50 men to shout & watch the french 
wee discover 12 tracks of them & gave tymlie notice whe- 
upon all the stragelt people were ordered to come in the 
Citty, which was punctually obeyed except tuo families who 
would first prepare a diner & so were surprized & the s^ 
eleaven killed & captivated, we have appointed a day here 
to send Commissioners from all the Grovernment to meet & 
consult & negotiate about the warre, which was assured by 
some & others with slow & frivolous excuses, at last was a 
vessel taken whereof your honor hes a inclosed besides we 

Petition, ^c. 259 

have here a privateer with 24 gunnes 150 men who engage 
to goe with a Briggantine eight gunnes four pitteraroes 70 
men, one sloope with four gunes tuo pitteranoes & 50 men, 
by us equipped for to attack Quebeck, Boston hes armed 
considerably some ships & other vessles for to take port 
royall a very inconsiderable place, & puts us in hopes they 
will send them from Canada, but would not engage it. 

To the honorable John Nanfan Esq. Lewten* Governor 
&c. commander in chief of his Majes Province of New 
York and territories depending thereof & to y^ Honora- 
ble Councill. 

The Humble Petition of John Rosier, etc., 
Abraham Skuyler, & fraier armoes. 
Humbly sheweth : 

That the said John Rosier and Abraham Skuyler went a 
voyage by his excellency's order with Coll. Peter Skuyler 
last May was twelve months, for which voyage your s^ 
petitioners were to have per agreement thirty pounds. And 
all three your petitioners went another voyage last July by 
order also of his excellency, both voyages for Canada, the 
2d without agreement, but expecting that fourty five pounds 
should be allowed to them for the same. And as your pe- 
titioners have no estates wherewith to subsist and their 
family they humbly pray 

That your honor would be pleased toorder that your said 
petitioners may be paid for ye same two voyages 
thirty pounds for the first, and fourty five pounds for 
the second, in all 75. 

And your petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &c. 

[Endorsed] Allowed 30 pounds. 

260 Expenses of an Indian Treaty, 


In the month of June, 1699, there was a conference held 
at Albany with the Iroquois. The manner of entertaining 
the natives on such occasions is exemplified by the following 
bill of expenses, rendered by Robert Livingston, the clerk 
of the city, to the government, for articles furnished the 
sachems on the 13th and 14th of June. 

The Province of New York Debtor for Sundreys to y^ Sa- 
chwis of y^ Nations at their Conference in Albany. 

To Anthony Coster for 53 gilders white wampum 

to ye Five Nations, as per ace', £1 16 1 

N. B. The Lead y was in store was given to 
y«^ Indians. 

To 10 galls Rom given at y^ Public Propositions, at 

6s 9cZ per gall 6 15 

To 6 galls to ye Indians besides y^ propositions, 2 6 

To Philip Foreest, cooper, for kegs for ye Indians, 

as per ace', 16 6 

To Rut Melgertse, for 79i lbs Tobacco for ye Pro- 
positions, as per acc^ a 25s, 2 9 5 

To 50 Pouder bags of blew linning, 1 16 

To blak Ribbin yi tyed y« wampon. which was 

given to condole ye death of Aguenderos sonne, 2 

There was given to Aguendero, Cheif Sachem in 
private to condole ye death of his sonne : 
5 ells fine blew strouds, &c. <£3 

8 yds DuflFels a Id, 2 16 

3 shurts, 18 

6 14 

The Sachims of ye five nations after ye proposi- 
tions was over 24f yds Dufi"els in private a Id, 8 13 3 

To a Maquase a Pleains Coat, 17 6 

To ye man that fetched ye Interpreter from 

Shinnectady, 4 6 

To Tarirjoris a Maquase a shirt, 6 

Expenses of an Indian Treaty, 261 

To a white hat and a keg of Rom to a sachim 
who had dreamt y^ such a present was made 
to him, 1 12 6 

To a keg of Rom to Aguendero y^ Cheif Sachim, 14 6 

To a half vat of good beer to y^ Indians when 

they went away, 9 

To Isaak Verplank for fish for y^ Indians, 9 

36 5 6 
R. Livingstone. 

Wee doe certify y^ y^ above goods have been delivered 
by Rob^ Livingston for y*^ use of y^ Governm', amounting 
to six and thirty pounds, five shill and nine pence, which is 
besides thirteen pounds he engaged to pay to M. T. Wen- 
ham for 200 pounds of powder delivered to y^ Indians at 
ye same time, and hope y' y^ Gov^ will take care he be duly 
paid, which may [a few words obliterated] when y<^ kings 
service requires it. 

Albany ye 19th June, 1699. Pr. Schuyler, 

Hendrick Hanse. 

262 Upiseopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 


George F. Abbott, died 31st March, 1811, 36 years 9 months 

and 20 days. 
John James Abbott, died 19 July, 1810, in his 84th year. 
Ann Bassett Adams, died July 15th, 1814, aged 22 years 

9 months 9 days. 
Ann Sophia Adams, died August 1 5th, 1813, aged 1 year 3 

months 17 days. 
Ann Hall, wife of James Allen, died Nov, 12, 1832, aged 

61 years. A native of Sligo, Ireland. 
John Aguew, Parish of Dormuse, Co. of Armagh, Ireland, 

died September 9th, 1837, aged 37 years. 
May he rest in Peace. 

Rosina M. Ailing, wife of Andrew J. Colvin, died Feb. 24th, 
1843, aged 33 years. 

Rock of Ages, cleft for me, 
Let me hide myself in thee. 

John Andrews, died April 4th, 1816, aged 84 years. 
Thomas Andrews, native of England, died January 23d, 

1839, aged 48 years 9 months. 
James H. Ashenden, died Nov. 12, 1840, in his 29th year. 
Robert Barber, printer, born at Longford, Ireland, came 

early in life to America, and died at Albany on the 31st 

May, 1812, aged 42 years. 
John Barber, born at Longford, Ireland, came in early life 

to America, and died at Albany, where he was printer to 

the State of New York, on the 10th July, 1808, aged 50. 

The life of man 
Is surrounded in birthdays and in sepulchres ; 
But the Eternal God had no beginning, 
He hath no end, 

Abel Bagbey, died July 15, 1850, aged 41 years. 
Elizabeth Williams, daughter of John and Catharine Barnes, 
died Sept. 15, 1840, 5 months 7 days. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 263 

Elizabeth Caroline, daughter of Saml. and Ann Barnes, 

native of Dorsetshire, Eng., died Aug. 28th, 1840, aged 

3 years 2 months. 
Angelica Alexandrina, daughter of Katherine Barnes, July 

18th, 1840, aged 1 year 2 roonths 13 days. 
William Bartley, died Aug. 4th, 1847, aged 30 years. 
David Bedford, Junr., died March 20th, 1818, aged 45 years 

5 months 13 days. 
Catherine Bedford, wife of James Benham, died Jan. 

27th, 1845, aged 20 years 9 months. 
Theodore W. Beecher, born January 10th, 1811, died Oc- 
tober 17th, 1843, and also Francis Seger Beecher, born 

July 6th, 1838, died January 2d, 1839. 
Frances H. Bell, daughter of James and Maria Bell, died 

Aug. 28, 1833, aged 1 year 2 months. Also their son 

Charles T. Bell, died Sept. 7, 1851, aged 2 years 4 mo's. 
Isaac Bell, died Feb. 12, 1838, 23 y'rs 11 months 12 days. 
In memory of Andrew Berger, a native of France, who died 

July 18th, 1840, aged 72. 
Lancelot Bew, died Feb. 1st, 1847, aged 11 years. 
William I., son of John and I. Black, died Sept. 29, 1843, 

aged 3 years 5 days. 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of x\nthony and Elizabeth Blan- 

chard, died Feb. 8th, 1840, aged 16 years. 
Elizabeth M. Gill, wife of Anthony Blanchard, died April 

13th, 1838, aged 36 years. 
William Bleakly, died Nov. 12th, 1822, aged 42 years. 
Charles Bork, died Dec. 17th, 1848, aged 41 years. 

Hugh Boyd, 

died June 27th, 1842, aged 25 years. 

Also, Hugh, son of Hugh and Mary A D. Boyd, 

died June 13, 1839, aged 6 months and 21 days. 

Twine gentle evergreen and form a shade, 

Around the tomb where my dear husband's laid. 

Redeemed with sorrow's tear an emblem prove. 
His happy state in God's eternal love. 

Mary Catherine, daughter of Hugh and Mary A. D. Boyd, 

died March 19th, 1845, aged 2 years 6 months 19 days. 

Edward Bradshaw, Junr., son of James and Ellen Brad- 

shaw of Jamieson, aged 19 months. 
Kebecca Smith, wife of George Beebe, died 26th May, 

1852, aged 36 years. 

264 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Nancy C, daughter of the late Elijah Brain ard and Par- 
thema his wife, died March 21st, 1849, aged 60 years. 

The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

James Brammall, died October 21, 1841, aged 28 years 2 m. 

William Spencer, son of Arthur and Mary Ann Boyle, 

died February 11th, 1842, aged 2 years 6 months 8 d. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Henry Braneman, 

Died June 5th, 1849, aged 64 years. 

Catharine, daughter of G. T. and M. Bratt, died Nov. 9th, 

1836, 20 years 8 months 19 days. 
Peter Briare, a native of France, died Nov. 10, 1828, aged 

59 years. 

Ann Brown, wife of Nathaniel Brown, died July 21st, 

1815, aged 27 years 2 months 16 days. 
David Buckbee, died February 3d, 1819, aged 27 years 4 m. 
Mary, wife of Thomas Burgess, died Sept. 5, 1823, aged 

60 years 2 months 16 days. 

Thos. Burgess, died Nov. 10, 1812, aged 55 years 9 m. 25 d. 
Thomas Burgess, died August 15th, 1834, aged 46 years 

5 months 2 days. 
Mary Crawford, wife of Mathew Burns, died May 10th, 

1843, aged 25 years 24 days. 
In Memory of Lavina, wife of John Calhoun, died Novem- 
ber 19th, 1844, in the 52d year of her age. 
Edward Calvert, of Leeds, England, died January 30th, 

1834, aged 23 years. 
Margaret Anne Staats, only daughter of John and Harriet 

Campbell, died in Buffalo, N. Y., April 15th, 1841, aged 

1 year 4 months 23 days. 
John Staats, son of John and Harriet L. Campbell, born 

April 11th, 1836, died Jan. 29th, 1843. 
John Campbell, died March 4th, 1846, in his 33d year. 
Jane Shepland, wife of Daniel Campbell, died Sept. 2d, 

1851, 59 years 4 months and 3 days. 
Theophilus Carter, died Dec. 2d, 1826, in his 72d year. 
Theophilus Carter, died in February, 1835. 
Catherine Carter, died December 6th, 1834. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 265 

Ann, daughter of William and Rachel Chesnut, died Au- 
gust 25th, 1816, aged 4 years 6 months and 20 days. 

Tho' John and Peter should despise, 

Such little babes as we, 
Rebuke them not the Saviour cries. 

But bring them unto me. . 

Wm. A. Clark, of Brockville, C. W., died Feb. 27, 1843, 

aged 22 years. 
Ann Dole, wife of Thomas Clark, died 20 February, 1834, 

aged 59 years 6 months 15 days. 
Hannah Clench, daughter of Benj. V. and Mary Clench, 

died May 8th, 1794, aged 1 year 3 months. 
Mary Shepherd Clench, wife of Benjamin V. Clench, died 

5th February, 1834, aged 67 years 8 months 15 d. 
Benjamin Vernor Clench, died Uth May, 1837, aged 73 

years 3 months 6 days. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin V. and Mary Clench, 

died June 29th, 1840, aged 30 years 6 months. 
Benjamin Clench, son of B. V. and Mary Clench, died July 

11th, 1834, aged 43 years 2 months 22 days. 
Geo. Clench, son of Benj. V. and Mary C, died 8th, 1834, 

aged 31 years 4 months 20 days. 
Richard Clench, as above, died 7th March, 1834, aged 26 

years 2 months 20 days. 
William Clench, died 2()th March, 1828, aged 31 years 5 

months 8 days. 
John J. Cluett, who died February 23d, 1836, aged 83. 
Catalioa Gibboils, daughter of Sanford Cobb, died August 

9th, 1839. 
Phoebe Ann, wife of Sanford Cobb, and daughter of James 

and Esther Gibbons, died March 5, 1825, aged 31 years. 
Esther Robinson, daughter of Sanford and Phoebe Ann 

Cobb, died March 7, 1840, aged 16 years. 
Rowen, who died August 4th, 1839, aged 7 years 7 months ; 

and Charlotte, died July 30th, 1839, aged 5 years 7 

months. Aaron died Oct. 29th, 1838, aged 2 months. 

They were beloved and lamented children of John and 

Adelina Coffer. 

In Memory of 

Teresa Sparrow Collins, 

who departed this life March 7th, 1838, 

aged 39 years. 

Annals J iv. 23 

266 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 


her son James Collins, departed 

this life August the 6th, 1835, aged 3 months and 17 days. 

William Collins, who died May 30th, 1836, 
aged 1 day. 
Weep not for me, my husband and children, and shed not your 
teers in vane, for your loss hier is my eternal gane. 

John James Collins, 
who died August 31st, 1838, aged 1 year 2 months 21 days. 

Catherine Colling, Dec. 24, 1832, aged 72 years. 

John Cook, died 21st Aug., 1823, aged 59 years. 

Margaret, daughter of Edward H. and Margaret Cook, 
died Aug. 1st, 1827, aged 14 days. 

In Memory of Elizabeth Fennimore Cooper, aged 8 years, 
daughter of Richard F. and Ann L. Cooper, of Coopers- 
town, Obit 29th September, 1811. 

Hester Beeby, wife of Moses Corey, died July 15, 1851, 
aged 45 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of 
Ruth, wife of Wm. C. Cottam, 
Died April 14, 1825, 
aged 58 years 14 days. 
Stay passenger, examine well this tomb, 
Twas built for one but lately taken home, 
A wife, a parent, friend, beloved by all. 
Was summoned hence, obeyed the gracious call. 
With calm repose she left this house of clay. 
To meet her God in everlasting day. * 

Jane Cottam, 
died August, 1816, aged 8 months. 

Here lies 
The remains of John Craig, 
Deputy Assistant Commissary Genl. 
to the forces of H, B. Majesty, who 
departed this life at Albany, in the State 
of New York, upon the 11th Jan., 1832, 
aged 44 years. 
He was the son of the late Thomas Craig Tacksman 
of Moray, Scotland. 
This stone is erected by his afflicted mother in testimony of 
affection for a dearly beloved son. 

Elisha Crane, died April 14th, 1844, aged 53 years. 

JE}piscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 267 

John Crawford, wlio died October 2d, 1846, aged 54 years. 
Rudolphis Crane, died Jan. 28, 1834, aged 17 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of 
Aletia Cunningham, 

consort of 

Andrew Cunningham, 

she died Sept. 7tli, 1818, aged 49 years 1 month 7 days. 

" Her's was the female lieart, the manly mind. 
Where wisdom, wit and genius joined. 
Were sanctified by piety, 
By faith, beneficence and charity, 
From youth to age the path of peace she trod. 
And now in peace eternal rests with God." 

Mary Cuyler, relict of John Cuyler, and daughter of John 

and Eve Yernor, died July 20th, 1846, aged 70 years, 9 

months, 14 days. 
In Memory of Charles 0. Darke, died February 21, 1824, 

aged 35 years. Also of Mrs Sarah Darke, who died Jan. 

24, 1825, aged 73 years. ' 
Carey, son of John and Adriana Daws, died 22d June, 1834, 

aged 1 year. 
Simon Dazen, died April 26th, 1807, aged 24 years. 

From France and parents dear, I lie alone, 

This clay cold grave is all I own. 
In bloom of youth I paid the debt you see, 

My friends prepare and follow me. 


relict of 

Captain John Denny, 

of the Revolutionary Army, 

who died 

January 9th, 1831, 

aged 73 years 7 months and 8 days. 

Rachel Dillon, departed this life March 9th, 1850. Lay- 

gan, Co. Down, Ireland. 
Ann Van Santvoort, wife of James Dole, died 10th Dec, 

1833, aged 84 years 6 months 2 days. 
Rebecca Dole, died April 28th, 1825, aged 32 years. 
James Dole, died 10th August, 1803, aged 61 years 2 

months 9 days. 
Geo. Dole, son of James and Ann Dole, died 22d July, 

1813, aged 27 years 4 months 5 days. , 

268 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Capt. Pet^r Doonellj, Junr., who died Feb. 3d, 1828, aged 
40 years 5 months 18 days. 

Memento Mori. 

Martin Dorset, died 6th November. 1826, in the 31st year 

of his age. 
William Henry, son of Martin and Mary Ann Dorset, died 

December 14, 1826, aged 11 months 11 days. 
Nathan Dummer, son of Stephen Dummer, of Newhaven, 
Connecticut, died 1st Nov., 1809, aged 21 years 9 months. 
Mary Dunlevy, died April 23, 1835, aged 81 years. 
Richard Dunn, died Oct. 15th, 1825, aged 81 years. 
Margaret Dunn, relict of Richard Dunn, died Dec. 24th, 

1831, aged 95 years. 
Wm. Dunn, son of Margaret and Richard Dunn, died June 

6th, 1815, aged 29. 
William Rigby, son of Richard and Margaret Dunn, died 

April 29, 1813, aged 1 year 5 months. 
Francis, son of Edward and Margaret Dunn, died July 17, 
1805, aged 4 days. 

In Memory of 

John Hanbury Dwyer 

Professor of Elocution. 

One of the most distinguished 

actors of his day, a man of brilliant 

talent, an ornament to the British and 

American stage, author of the best 

essaj on elocution ever published 

• in this country. Born in Clonmel Co., 

Tipperary, Ireland, 1780, came to 

America in 1811, died in Albany 14th 

Dec, 1848, regretted by all who knew him. 

Richard Eaglestone, of Oxford, England, died x\ug. 21st, 

1835, in his 60th year. 
Catharine McElchrean, died Sept. 18th, 1846, aged 77 

years 4 months 18 days. 
Tryphena Ann, daughter of Richard and Tryphena Eldridge 

of Antigua, West Indies, died March 10, 1832. 
Eliza Selina, wife of Marta Eversten, and daughter of 

Richard and Sarah Tillman, born March 1st, 1790, died 

May 8th, 1835. aged 45 years 2 months and 7 days. 
Caroline Fenno, died May 1st, 1805, aged 14 years 1 month 

3 days. 

E'piscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 269 

Francis Fisk, died February 15, 1849, aged 25 years. 
John Fitzpatrick, died September 7th, 1834, aged 47 y. 
Ebenezer Foot, died July 21st, 1814, aged 41 years 15 d. 
Mary Eliza, daughter of Joseph and Eliza Francis, Feb. 8, 

1842, aged 6 weeks 4 days. 
John Henry Francis, died June 29, 1846, aged 1 year 4 

months 19 days. 
In Memory of Catherine Fryer, daughter of Isaac and Eliza- 
beth Fryer, died October 3d, 1791, aged 60 years 2 months 

3 days. 
Sarah, the wife of Thomas Fryer, and daughter of Joseph 

and Sarah Norres, deceased, died October 6th, 1793, aged 

22 years and 30 days. 
Isaac Fryer, died June 13th, 1802, aged 68 years 5 months 

19 days. 
Elizabeth Hilton, wife of Isaac Fryer, died September 27th, 

1794, aged 57 years 10 months 28 days. 

" Behold and see as you pass by, 
As you are now, so once was I, 
As I am now, so you must be, 
Prepare for death and follow me." 

Wm. Fryer, son of Isaac and Elizabeth Fryer, died 27th Dec, 

1815, aged 51 years 16 days. 
John Fryer, died Dec. 16, 1815, aged 49 years 15 days. 
Catharine, daughter of John and Christiana Fryer, died 

April 25th, 1818, aged 10 years 2 months 13 days. 
William, son of John and Christiana Fryer, died Dec. 10th, 

1817, aged 7 years 6 months 25 days. 
Francis William, son of Albert and Eunice Gallup, Sept. 

17tb, 1842, 14 months 2 days. 
Daniel V. Gates, died September 6th, 1834, aged 33 years 

3 months 27 days. 
Geo. Gill, died Feb. 16th, 1816, in his 45th year. Also, 

his wife Martha, died April 19th, 1836, in her 66th year. 
Mary Fidler, born April 3, 1786, died Nov. 6th, 1837. 

Farewell vain world, as thou hast been to me, 
This dust I leave for worms, this spirit free. 
In triumph rise to meet my God, 
Cleansed by a kind Redeemer's blood. 

Ellen Hogan, daughter of James and Matilda Gibbons, died 
March 11, 1827, aged 10 months 7 days. 

270 Mpiscojpal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

James, son of James and Matilda Gibbons, died Jane 17th, 

1825, aged 7 months 1 day. 
Mary, wife of John Gill, died March 19, 1814, aged 73 y's. 
John W., son of William and Eleanor Gill, died Sept. 27th, 

1840, in his 7th year. 
William Gill, died June 9th, 1839, in his 63d year. 
Mathew Gill, died Feb. 20th, 1841, aged 67 years 6 mo's. 
Rebecca, widow of Mathew Gill, died July 22d, 1848, aged 
80 years. 

The Grave of 

Harriet E. DeNormandie Gillespie, 

an only daughter, 

lovely, interesting, virtuous. 

This hope and consolation of 

a Mother, 

was buried here, Jan. 5th, 1827. 

Margaret Jane, wife of Timothy C. Gladding, died Janu- 
ary 30th, 1832, aged 20 years 11 months 8 days. Also, 
their infant child, August 15, 1832, aged 8 months 5 d. 

" Thus all that's bright must fade. 
The brightest still the fleetest. 
Thus all that's sweet is made. 
But to be lost when sweetest." 

Rosetta G. Clark, wife of George W. Gladding, died July 

29th, 1846, aged 33 years and 8 months. 
Jane McN. Gladding, died May 9th, 1843, aged 4 years 6 

months 11 days. 
Geo. W. Gladding, Jr., died June 2d, 1845, aged 2 years 

4m. 1 d. Children of G. W. and Rosetta G. Gladding. 
John Glass, a native of Ireland, was drowned August 5, 

1848, in his 27th year. 
E. P. Goodridge. 

Mary Goodrich, died Aug. 9th, 1841, aged 28 years 36 d. 
Robert Gray, died 1837. 

John McGlinn, 

died Sept. 10th, 1823. 


Archibald McGlinn, died Aug. 28, 1840, 

aged 45 years. 


Jane McGlinn, 

died April 15. 1842, 

in the 70th year of her age. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 271 

Octavia Maria Graham, died Dec. 23, 1829, aged 29 years. 
Mary Ann, wife of Jacob Goewey, died Aug. 23, 1829, 

aged 30 years. 
Elizabeth, wife of Matthew Gregory, who died, August 

2d, 18-6. A native of England. 
In Memory of Matthew Gregory, Lieutenant in the army of 

the Revolution, died 1848, aged 92. 
Ann Jane and Frances Elizabeth, daughters of Edward and 

Mary Ann Green. Ann Jane died April 5th, 1839, 

aged 4 years. Frances Elizabeth, died November 6th, 

1832, aged 4 years 8 months. 
Erected in memory of Ann Eliza, wife of John Groesbeck, 

youngest daughter of John C. and Eve Fredenrick, died 

Dec. 22d, 1830, in the 30th year of her age. 
Thomas Hart, died December 21st, 1843, aged 39 years 8 

months 27 days. Native of Londonderry, Ireland. 

Lie here dear husband in the dust, 
Since God was pleased to call you first, 
And still with Christ it is my prayer 
That I in heaven may meet you there. 

Joseph, son of Robert and Elizabeth Hartley, died Febru- 
ary l9, 1841, aged 1 year 1 month and 21 days. 
Victoria Harriett, daughter of John S. and Jane S. Hall, 

born at Reading in England, died at Albany July — , 

1852, aged—. 
Wm. Henderson, of New York, died February 11th, 1825, 

in the 27th year of his age. 
Theodore Hendrickson, son of John and Maria Hendrick-* 

son, died May 12th, 1824, aged 26 years 1 month. 
George Hendrickson, son of John and Maria Hendrickson, 

died April 16th, 1830, aged 28 years 8 months and 28 

Caroline, daughter of John and Maria Hendrickson, June 

1st, 1823, aged 2 years 1 month. 
Ann Margaret Thorn, daughter of George B., and Margaret 

Maria, wife of John Hendrickson, died March 23, 1851, 

aged 74 years 21 days. 
William Hendrickson, died Jan. 9, 1842, aged 38 years. 
Charles Herner, died Oct. 31st, 1833, aged 32 years 24 


272 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Sarah Ann, daughter of John Herner, died May 22d, 1840, 

aged 2 years 5 months. 
Mary Louise Herner, died June 21st, 1834, aged 5 months 

14 days. 
Thomas E. Hewson, died Sept. 28th, 1818, in the 27th 

year of his age. 
Margaret Higham, native of England, died Dec. 17, 1825, 

aged 63 years 4 months 5 days. 
John Hill, died 21st Nov., 1831, aged 65 years. 
Thomas B. Hill, son of Samuel and Mary Hill, who departed 

this life, August 12th, 1825, aged 21 years 3 months. 

Is this the fate, that all must die ? 

Will Death no ages spare ? 
Then let us all to Jesus fly, 

And seek a refuge there. 

John Walter, son of John and Rachel Hill, died at New 
Orleans, Oct. 11, 1844, aged 22 years 1 month. 

Sacred to the Memory of Mary Hill, wife of Samuel Hill, 
who departed this life January 15th, 1816, in the 44th 
year of her age. 

" Behold we see while here we look, 
The dearest ties of friendship broke, 
Tho' grief and sorrow pierce the heart, 
The dearest friends we see must part. 

Sacred to the memory of Samuel Hill who departed this life 
. 12th May, 1819, in the 52d year of his age. 

Friends nor physicians can not save, 
The mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here, 
When Christ commands me to appear. 

Sarah Hill, wife of Daniel Hill, died September 5th, 1842, 
aged 78 years. 

In Memory of 

James Hinman, 

who lost his life by the fall of State st. 

bridge, August 22d, 1848, 

in the 52d year of his age. 

Catharine, wife of John Hodge, died Oct. 21, 1841, aged 32 

£]piscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 273 

John Hodge, died August 30th, 1850, aged 54 years 7 

James Holden. 
Mary, wife of James Holden, died September 15, 1833, aged 

73 years. 
Philip Hooker, died January 31st, 1836, aged 69 years 3 

months 6 days, in the full hope of a blessed eternity. 
Mary, wife of Philip Hooker, died Sept. 26th, 1812, aged 

Mary Hosford, wife of Harley Hosford, died 3d March, 1815, 

aged 23 years 1 month 12 days. 
Mary Ann Hughes, wife of John Spencer, died June 6th, 

1817, aged 30 years 
Elizabeth Hurst, died August 7 1838, aged 47 years. 
Also, her daughter Prudence, aged three years. 
Mary, wife of Samuel Humphries, died August 16th, 1823, 

aged 25 years 1 day. 
William Lightbody, son of Greorge and Eleanor Humphrey, 

died Jan. 24th, 1819, aged 1 year 2 months 11 days. 

To the Memory of James Hunter, printer, 

for some years principal Editor 

of the Albany Daily 


who died suddenly 

on the 15th July, 1834, 

in the 38th year of his age. 

" Green be the sod above thee. 
Friend of our happy days. 

None knew thee but to love, 
None knew but to praise." 

Isabella, wife of James Hunter, died Dec. 25th, 1839, aged 

80 years. 
James Hunter, died June 11th, 1805, in his 43d year. 
John W. Hyde, died Dec. 19th, 1831, aged 33 years 7 

months 4 days. 
EUzabeth, wife of John W. Hyde, died Feb. 16, 1824, aged 

23 years, 10 months 16 days. 
Edward Iggett, died March 26th, 1819, aged 54 years. 

From England. 
Johanna, relict of Edward Iggett, died Jan. 25th, 1841, 

aged 77 years. 
John Iggett, dep. this life Feb. 7th, 1847, aged 49 years. 

274 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Adelaide Jackson, died 29th May, 1840, aged 46 years 4 

Augusta Mary, the infant daughter of Capt. R. H. S. Jack- 
son, of the British Army, and Elizabeth, his wife, who 
was born in Eagland, at Staindrop Hall, in the county 
of Durham, on the 29th July, 1850, and who died at 
Albany, whilst on her voyage to Canada, on the 18th 
July, 1851. 

Chancellor, son of Wm. and Mary James, died Aug. 7th, 
1841, 6 months 9 days. 

Mary Jenkins, died July 28th, 1817, aged 16 years 2 months 
23 days. 

Anne Elizabeth, wife of John J. Jones, and daughter of 
David Thomas, Esquire, of Rumney Iron Works, Wales, 
died 26th April, 1843, aged 35 years 2 months 9 days. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Thos. P. and Jane Jones, died 26th 
June, 1842, aged 5 years 3 months 

Margaret Howard, daughter of Joshua and Ann E. Jones, 
died April 29, 1841, aged 11 months 8 days. 

In Memory of Jane Ingram, second daughter of Joshua A. 
and Anne E. Jones, who departed this life Jan. 25, 1843, 
aged 7 years 10 months and 18 days. 

Dear parents, if you could but hear 
The Golden Harps around me ringing, 
You would not shed a single tear. 
But join the songs which I am singing, 
And could you see the shining train, 
Who met me at those Pearly gates. 
And led me o'er the golden plain, 
To where my God, my Saviour waits, 
'Twould make you long from Earth to flee 
And seek this heavenly home with me. 


In Memory of 

William David, son of Joshua and Anne E. Jones, 

who departed this life March 18, 1843, 

aged 4 years. 

This lovely bud so fresh and fair. 

Called hence by early doom, 
Just come to show how sweet a flower, 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Hugh Johnson, died Nov. 20, 1843, aged 29 years 8 months. 
Thomas Perry Jones, native of Liverpool, England, died 
May 10th, 1843, aged 32 years. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 275 

Georgianna, daughter of Thos. P. and Jane Jones, died 

June 10th, 1844, aged 2 years and 7 months. 
Margaret Jones, died 11th March, 1840, aged 41 years. 
Lydia A. Kane, wife of Geo. Kane, 22 years 5 months 6 d. 
Eliza Kane, died 6th Aug., 1819, aged 32 years 14 days. 

Also, daughter Mary Jane, aged 3 years. 
Prudence, wife of James Kelly, died February 4th, 1849, 

aged 38 years. 
Joseph and Michael, sons of Prudence and James Kelly. 
Samuel and Sarah Hurst, Father-in-law and Mother-in-law 

of James Kelly. 
G. Kirk. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Robert Kerr, Esq., 

Judge of the Surrogate Court and an active Magistrate 

for the district of Niagara in Upper Canada ; 

descended from an ancient family in North Britain. 

He faithfully served the King 

as surgeon of the forces and on the staff 

for upwards of forty-six years. 

His social habits and kindness of heart 

endeared him to his acquaintance, 

and his loss will long be felt by those who knew him best. 

He was a distinguished mason, 

and Deputy Grand Master of the Province. 

The honor paid to his remains, 

by the ancient Fraternity, 

and by several honorable members of the Legislature 

at Albany in the State of New York, where he died, 

in the 69th year of his age, on the 2oth Feb., 1834, 

are gratefully acknowi edged 

by his sorrowing friends. 

Elizabeth Kirk, daughter of James and Gracy Matchett 
died July 7th, 1831, aged 34 years. 

Sarah and Elizabeth infant daughter of Prudence and James 

Ann Kells, died April 6th, 1844, aged 66, a native of Ire- 
land, Co. Down. 

John T. Kirk, aged 1 year. 

Ann Elizabeth Leinhardt, born July 5th, 1849, died Oct. 
2d, 1851, and her only child Fredereka Elizabeth, aged 
1 month 4 days. 

Peter R. Lansing, son of Myndert and Mary Lansing, died 
Sept. 22d, 1809, aged 13 years. 

276 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Myndert Lansing, who departed this life on the 10th day 

of April, 1814, in the 40th year of his age. 
Mary Lansing, widow of Myndert and daughter of the Rev. 

John Usher of Bristol, R. I., who died March 7th, 1845. 
Myndert, their 4th son, died April 24, 1842, aged 43 years. 
Sally U., their 3d daughter, died September 10th, 1842, 

aged 18 years. 

In Memory of 

Mrs. Hannah, wife of Rev. Wm. B. Lacey, 

who after faithfully fulfilling those duties, 

which shed the brightest lustre on woman's 

name, the duties of the friend, the daughter, 

the mother, the wife, died in full triumph 

of the Christian faith, 

11th March, 1831, 

aged 37 years 5 months 23 days. 

Eliza Le Breton, daughter of Nathan Sanford, born 2d 

August, 1803, died 13th Febuary, 1833. 
Edward Le Breton, died 22d Feb., 1811. 
Mary Ann Le Breton, died 3d March, 1808, aged 29 y. 3 m. 
Amelia Le Breton, daughter of Edward and Mary Ann Le 

Breton, aged 8 months 1 day. 
John Le Breton, died Dec. 16, 1830, aged 27 years. 
Abigail Lewis, wife of James Lewis, died Jan. 10th, 1809, 

aged 49 years 29 days. 
Mrs. Ruth Lobdell, died July 14th, 1834, aged 60 years 3 m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin W. and Jane E. Lockwood, 

died 28th Sept., 1823, aged 1 year 7 months. 
Benjamin Lockwood, died Jan. 11th, 1828, aged 34 years. 
Jane Eliza Lockwood, wife of Benjamin Lockwood, died 

July 25, 1828, aged 30 years 4 months 5 days. 
Francis Low, died Jan. 21, 1834, aged 53 years. 
Balthasar Lydius, died Nov. 19th, 1815, aged 78 years. 
Amelia, daughter of Henry and Rebecca Malcolm, late of 

Hudson, who departed this life July 16th, 1829. 
James Matchett, Junr., died November 19th, 1829, aged 

24 years 7 months and 13 days. 
Thomas Matchett, died April 3d, 1826, in the 31st year 

of his age. 
James Matchett, died January 25th, 1830, in the 80th year 

of his age. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 277 

William Henry Matchett, died June lOth, 1811, aged 2 

years and 7 roonths. 
Gracy Matchett, died July 4th, 1833, aged 60 years. 
Rachel Matchett, wife of Garrit Hagaman, died Aug. 12th, 

1837, aged 35 years. 
Henrietta Amelia, eldest daughter of William Alexander 

and Hannah Mavadror, died August 18th, 1824, having 

attained the age of 15 years 11 months 18 days. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Isaac Mazyck, Esq., 

late of South Carolina. 

He departed this life, 

in the city of Albany, 

on the 11th October, 1806, in his 40th year, 

on a journey for the benefit 

of his health. 

John McClellan, died January 29, 1849, aged 16 years 5 

months 22 days. 
Joseph, sou of James and Martha McClellan, died July 4th, 

1840, aged 18 months. 
Richard Richmond, son of William and Dighson McClel- 
lan, died Jan. 16, 1847, aged 5 years 3 months 12 d. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth McHugh, 

died July 28th, 1832, aged 8 years 6 months. 
Wm. McElroy, son of Henry and Mary McElroy, died Feb. 

27th, 1842, aged 12 years 3 months. 
Ann McKowne, died Sept. 8th, 1846, aged 13 months. 
Ann McKowne, daughter of Francis and Agnes McKowne, 

died August 19th, 1840, aged 1 year 24 days. 
Francis McKowne, died August 17th, 1845, aged 11 months. 
Margaret, wife of Philip McNiff, died May 11, 1815, aged 

36 years. 
Alfred L. Menand, died 18th July, 1848, aged 7 months 

15 days. 

Mary, wife of William Merrifield, 

aged 78. 
This grave contains the best of mothers. 

William Merrifield, died August 17, 1824, aged 68. 
Sarah, wife of Richard Merrifield, and their two sweet 

Annals, iv. 24 

278 JEpiseopal Burial Ground InservpHons. 

Eli, son of George and Huldah Merrifield, died March 11th, 

1842, aged 3 years 11 months. 
Louisa and Charles William, children of Greo. and Huldah 

Merrifield, who died on the 26th and 27th Nov., 1829, 

Louisa 5 years and 11 months, Charles William 1 year 10 

months and 22 days. 
Henry Sergeant Merchant, died July 29th, 1839, aged 39 

years 11 months and 26 days. 

Memento Mori, 

Beneath this 


are deposited the remains of 

George Merchant and Elizabeth his wife. 

The former died August 14th, 1830, 

aged 73 years and 9 months. 

The latter died July 28, 1814, 

aged 55 years, 

The one a kind and affectionate father. 

The other a tender and beloved mother. 

Also, here lie the remains of 

Samuel Leake and Eliza Spencer Merchant, 

the former died Dec. 18th, 1819. 

the latter died Sept. 28th, 1794, aged 2 years. 

Erected May Ist, 1833, to their memory, 

by their surviving sons and brothers, 

Horatio, William, Spencer, Biddle, 

and Henry, to the memory of 

Wishulathe, mother of Geo. Merchant, 

aged 76 years 2 months and 3 days. 

Frances Moat, died April 26th, 1840, aged 2 years 4 months 

11 days. 
William James, son of James and Ann Mitchell, died April 

7th, 1847, aged 6 years 2 months. 
Jesse H. Montgomery, died Sept. 10, 1840, aged 29 years 

9 months 10 days. 
Jacob H. Montgomery, died August 31st, 1845, aged 29 y. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jesse and Lydia Montgomery, died 

July 31st, 1835, aged 1 year 7 months 5 days. 
John Moore, died August 2d, 1849, aged 68, and Harriet 

Moore, died July 12th, 1819, aged 1 year 3 months 2 d. 
Ezekiel Moor, died August 2d, 1805, aged 28 years. 
Charlotte Moranda, died Feb. 16, 1841, aged 46 years 6 m. 
Samuel Morrow, died 8th Jan., 1835, aged 70 years. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 279 

Mary Ann Morrow, daughter of Joseph and Mary Morrow, 

aged 18 months. Also, 
Samuel Morrow, died January 8, 1836, aged 4 years. 
Wm. Morrow, died October 11th, 1813, aged 41 years 3 

months 2 days. Born in Belenpay, Ireland. 
Wm. Morrow, a native of Ireland, Parish of Rahaspeck, Co. 

of Westmeath, who departed this life Jan. 12th, 1827, 

aged 39 years. 
Sacred to the memory of Mary Ann, wife of Robert Morrow, 

who died April 30th, 1840, aged 84. 
Geo. Maffitt Mossop, native of Dublin, Ireland, who died 

Oct. 8th, 1849, aged 34 years. This tribute of aflfection 

is inscribed by his widow. 
Mary Weston, wife of John Mould, died Feb. 25th, 1844, 

in the 54th year of her age. 

There is a blissful hope, that we shall meet again. 

John, son of William and Sarah Mullen, died June 10th, 

1841, aged 3 years 8 months 10 days. 
Celia, daughter of Henry and Mary Ann Muslin, and grand- 
daughter of Thomas Andrews, died Jan. 8, 1839, aged 4 

Joseph Nellegar, died January 7th, 1831, aged 73 years. 
Hannah, consort of Joseph Nellegar, died July 2d, 1843, 

aged 72 years. 
James Nellegar, died April 18,1828, aged 39 years 3 months 

17 days. 
Maria Eliza, daughter of John and Jane Nellegar, died 

Sept. 7th, 1833, aged 5 years, 1 month 7 days. 
Sally Ann Nellegar, died June 29th, 1828, aged 20 years. 
John Nicholson, born in Little Britain, Co. Orange, June 

4th, 1776, died 29 3Iay, 1821. 
Sarah O'Neil, died March 18th, 1813, in her 18th year. 
Elizabeth, relict of Jeremiah Osborne, died Nov. 26, 1839, 

aged 58 years. 
John Owens, died Jan. 28th, 1842, aged 39 years. Also, 

four of his sons, Matthew, aged 10 months ; Edward 

James, 1 year 5 months ; Wm. Alexander, 1 year 9 days ; 

John Alexander, 1 year 10 months. 
Samuel J., son of John and Esther Owen, died January 1st, 

1835, aged 10 years 18 days. 

280 JSpiscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Sacred to the Memory of 
^ Thomas Owen, 

brother of Commodore Owen, 

of the British Navy, 

who was born in London, and died at 

Albany in May, 1810, 

lamented by all who knew him. 

Mary Owen, 

the beloved wife of Thomas Owen, 

lies here. 

She died on the 1st day of Jan., 1823, 

rejoicing in hope. 

Benjamin D. Packard, died May 18, 1835, aged 53 years 

10 months 1 day. And his son, Charles Packard, died 
May 17th, 1883, aged 11 years 4 months 5 days. 

Charlotte, widow of Benj. D. Packard, died Nov. 13, 1840, 

in the 52d year of her age. 
Elizabeth Pallet, died December 3d, 1839, aged 39 years. 
Catharine Palmatier, wife of Francis L. Palmatier, died 

Sept. 16th, 1841, aged 57. 
Frances L. Palmatier, died March 13th, 1813, aged 32. 
Belinda Palmatier, died August 15th, 1834, aged 28 years 

3 months 26 days. 

Short was her race, and humble was her sphere, 
Yet was her single talent well employed, 

And length of days which Heaven denied her here 
In bliss eternal will be then enjoyed. 

William C. Patrick, died March 6th, 1846, aged 1 year and 

11 months. 

Caroline, wife of Amos C. Pennie, daughter of David and 
Hannah Wall, died Dec. 16, 1851, aged 25 years. Also, 
their infant daughter Ann. 

" They sleep, but we do not forget them." 

Ruth Jane, daughter of Henry and Ruth Jane Pennie, died 

August 6th, 1851, aged 2 months. 
Catherine Howard Penrose, died Oct. 13th, 1836, aged 2 

years 2 months 4 days. 
Charles Henry, son of Edward and Mary Perkins, aged 13 

years 11 months 16 days 
James Edward, died July 13, 1830, aged 5 months and 3 

days. Also, Harriet E. Ann, who died Oct. 14, 1837, 

aged 18 months. 

JEJpiscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 281 

Lucy Ann Pierce, consort of Joseph Fisk, died Sept. 18th, 

18B2, aged 28. 
Geo. Pincott, died July 21st, 1832, aged 21 years 11 months 

24 days. 

Daniel Pincott, died Nov. 24th, 1842, aged 19 years. 
Martha, wife of Thomas Pincott, died April 9th, 1845, 

aged 67 years. 
Catharine, wife of John Pochin, died Jan. 1st, 1830, aged 

47 years. 
Elizabeth, widow of John Pollock, died December 14th, 

1841, aged 95. 

If God be witb me, who can be against me. 
Erected by her son John PoUock. 

Robert Lewis, died July 21, 1832, aged 2 months. 

Greorge Lewis, died Nov. 6th, 1836, aged 2 years 9 months 

25 days. Sons of John and Mary Pollock. 

Ira Porter, died March Slst, 1823, aged 48 years 2 months 

24 days. 
John, son of Ira and Sarah Porter, died Oct. 14th, 1805, 

aged 1 year 3 months 10 days. 
James Porter, who died suddenly, February 7th, 1839, in 

the 53d year of his age. 
Charles, son of Ira and Jane E. Porter, died Feb. 27, 1844, 

aged 9 months 4 days. 
Sarah, daughter of Ira and Jane E. Porter, died May 3d, 

1851, aged 3 years 1 month. 
Alice Ann, daughter of Margaret Pownie, died November 

12, 1828, aged 10 months 5 days. 
Ten Eyck Quackenboss, Printer, died February 26th, 1845, 

aged 25 years 11 mon-ths. 
Ellen, daughter of John and Jane Reed, died June 2d, 

1835, aged 2 years 2 months. 
Sarah Reed, died Aug. 2inh, 1852, aged 69 years. 
Amor Richardson, died July 12th, 1837, in the 63d year of 

his age. 
Mary Richardson, relict of the above, died April 15th, 

1844, aged 67 years. 
William Rigby, died Feb. 12, 1826, aged 77 years, 10 

months 21 days. 
Samuel Robbins, died October 18th, 1837, aged 50 years. 

282 Episco'pal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Henry Sanford, son of Nathan Sanford, born 16th Febru- 
ary, 1816, died 19th July, 1832. 

Caroline, daughter of Edwin and Dinah Scace, died April 
8, 1828, aged 4 years 4 months 4 days. 

William Scott, January 6th, 1829, aged 56 years 8 months 

10 days. 

Nancy, wife of William Scott, died Dec. 27, 1828, aged 48 

years 3 months and 17 days. 
John Scudder, M. D., died Jan 4th, 1845, in the 86th 

year of his age. 
Levi Sexton, died Jan. 22d, 1830, aged 33 years 3 months 

21 days. 
Thomas Shepherd, died June 20th, 1814, aged 38 years 12 

Phoebe Shepherd, wife of Thomas Shepherd, died Dec. 1st, 

1836, in the 59th year of her age. 
Wm. Shepherd, died February 27, 1819, aged 15 y. 6 mo. 
Robert Shepherd, son of George and Sarah Shepherd, died 

11th March, 1838, aged 19 years 11 months 11 days. 
Eliza M. Shepherd, died April 9th, 1840, aged 41 years. 
David, son of Matthew and Harriet Sheridan, born July 

14th, 1828, died Oct. 23d, 1849, aged 21 years 3 months 

11 days. 

Mathew Sheridan, died Sept. 1849, aged 56 years 9 m. 
Sarah, daughter of John and Rachel Simpson, died Sept. 

11th, 1834, aged 1 year 1 month. 
In memory of Rachel, wife of John Simpson, died Sept. 

9th, 1837, aged 37 years. 
Julia M. Simpson, died September 4th, 1843, aged 4 years. 
John Skerritt, died March 12, 1829, in his 69th year. 
John B. Southwick, died June 23, 1833, aged 27 years 6 

months 20 days. 
Solomon Southwick, died Nov. 18, 1839, aged 65 years 10 

months 24 days. Also, Francis M. Southwick, died Oct. 

21, 1821, aged 29 years 9 days. 
Arthur Southwick, died Dec. 10, 1845, aged 32. 
Sacred to the Memory of Presidentia Sparks, who departed 

this life November 14th, 1837, aged 3 years. 
Hannah Straw, wife of Thomas Smith, born Aug. 3d, 

1796, died July 17th, 1846. 
Thomas Smith, died Sept. 27th, 1829, aged 33 years. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inseripiions, 283 

Also, Sarah, his daughter, died Jan. 10th, 1830, aged 5 

years 7 months. 
Henry Smith, died Dec. 17th, 1825, aged 41 years 11 

months 17 days. 
Alexander Smith, of the city of Hudson, who was drowned 

in the Albany Basin, on the 6th April, 1829, aged 49 

Wm. Smith, born in Morill, Donegal, Ireland, died July 

31, 1840, aged 60 years. 

Behold he taketh away, who can hinder him, who can say unto 
him what doest thou ? 

Maria Howe, 
wife of Richard Smith, 

died Dec. 1st, 1851, 
in the 57th year of lier age. 

I would not live always, no, welcome the tomb. 
Since Jesus hath lain there, I dread not its gloom. 
There sweet be my rest, till he bid me arise. 
To hail him in triumph, descending the skies. 

John Spencer, died August 13th, 1824, in his 44th year. 

Henry Spencer, died August 20th, 1823, aged 75. 

John Spencer Kimball, son of Alba and Lydia Kimball, 

died July 17th, 1825, aged 1 year 10 days. 
John Peter, son of John and Mary Ann Spencer, died Dec. 

17, 1841, aged 2 years 8 months. 
Joseph Henry Spencer, who died July 31st, 1842, aged 1 

year 4 months. 

They were lovely and pleasant in their lives, 
And in their death they were not divided. 

James Sprinks, died January 12th, 1811, aged 34 years, a 

native of Grreat Britian, 
Helen Ann, daughter of Dr. A. P. and Maria Staats, who 

died August 18th, 1821, aged 2 years 6 months 1 day. 
Maria Gourlay, wife of Dr. B. P. Staats, who died August 

16th, 1825, aged 23 years 7 months and 20 days. 
Maria A. Winne, wife of Dr. B. P. Staats, who died May 

9th, 1830, aged 25 years 3 months. 
Arthur Gr., son of Joab and Amelia Stafford, died July 

13th, 1849, aged 18 years. 
Amelia Gibbons, wife of Joab Stafford, died March 7th, 

1843, aged 35 years. 

284 Episcopal[Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Mrs. Hannah Stafford, relict of Wm. Job Stafford, died 22d 

March, 1827, aged 60 years. 
John Stanwix, son of George and Jane Stanwix, died Se'pt. 

24th, 1847, aged 39 years 1 month 3 days. 
Geo. Stanwix, died October 8th, 1836, aged 61 years 5 

months 8 days. 
Jane, wife of Geo. Stanwix, died Oct. 15, 1825, aged 58 

years 6 months 15 days. 
Mary, wife of Benjamin Stebbins, died 22d April, 1811, 

aged 38 years. 
Mary Ann, wife of A. N. Starks, died July 14th, 1838, 

aged 32 years. 
Also, Mary Ann Starks, died Aug. 7th, 1831, aged 1 year 

14 days. 
Amy Amanda, daughter of A. N. and Mary Ann Starks, 
• died Aug. 11th, 1838, aged 6 weeks. 


Elizabeth Stephen, wife of Charles J. Taylor, died Oct. 1st, 
1829, in the 29th year of her age. 

E-piscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 285 

Here lie the remains of 

Mary Richmond, 

born May 13th, 1796, died March 14th, 1843, 

consort of 

John Taylor, 

who erects this deserved tribute to her memory. 

Stranger tread lightly on this dust. 

Nor desecrate this grave, 
Tho' death destroy, and worms may feast. 

Her noble soul has gone to rest. 
Sweetly sleeps her rising dust. 
To the resurrection of the just. 

In memory of 
Mary Jane, aged 16 months, 1824. 
Anna Maria, 3 months, 1829, 
Jane Elizabeth, 1 mo,, 1886. 
Daughters of John and Mary Taylor, 
Ah ! Death, could not your shaft then spare 
Those rose buds of innocence so fair. 
To spread their fragrance. Ah ! so must all 
Bow to the stroke, when God doth call. 
Sleep on sweet babes, embalmed you are. 
With bleeding hearts and many a tear. 

In memory of 

Phoeby Taylor, 

born January 2d, 1755, 

died July 10th, 1884. 


only surviving son 

in remembrance of her virtues, 

Pays this tribute to 

Embalm her worth. 

Her flesh shall slumber on the ground 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound. 
When bursting forth with sweet surprise. 
She to her Saviour's presence flies. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Taylor, died April 14, 1880, aged 
24 years. 

El iza Cosgrave, wife of James Taylor, died 12th Nov. ,1883, 
aged 27 years ; also, (Jharlotte Taylor, their daughter, 
aged 11 weeks, and infant son aged 3 weeks. 

Elisha Taylor, died July 9th, 1837, aged 7 years. 

Kichard Taylor, died May 6th, 1851, ao-ed 53 years. 

Sarah Ann Taylor, died July 7th, 1837, aged 9 years. 

Sarah Baker Taylor died December 31st, 1847, aged 52 years. 

286 I}piscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Daniel D. Stone. 

who died April 6tli, 1843, 

aged 32 years 8 montlis 24 days. 

Erected by his brother Geo. Stone. 

J. S. T., England. 

Joseph Thirkell, Senr., a native of old England, from the 

town of Staindrope, in the county of Durham, died 7th 

July, 1810, in the 63d year of his age. 
William, son of Thomas and James Tilt, died January 20th, 

1840, aged 3 years 3 months 5 days. 
Also, Sarah Jane, daughter of Thomas and James Tilt, died 

March 2d, 1843, 2 years and 8 days. 
Levi Thomas, died August 24th, 1850, aged 46 years 2 

months 6 days. 
Robert, son of Robert and Elizabeth Todd, died August 

8th, 1830, aged 14 years, 2 months 21 days. 

One only son, what pleasure bright, 

His joyful birth did give, 
He's gone, his parents' chief delight, 

To moulder in the grave. 

Jane Maria Todd, died Oct. 8th, 1837, aged 25 years 30 

Catharine Eliza Todd, died June 11th, 1839, aged 24 years 

10 months 15 days. 
Miss Mary Ann Torrey, born July 18th, 1814, in Georgia, 


A teacher in Cedar Hill Female Seminary, 

A member of the Presbyterian Church, Mount Joy, 

Pa. ; one of the victims in the wreck of the 

Steamboat Swallow, on the night of 

April 7th, 1845. 

Mary, wife of Benjamin Tullidge, died August 15th, 1831, 

aged 48 years. Native of England. 
Cornelia Turbos, died March 30th, 1802, aged 67 years 3 

months 17 days. 
Hannapp, daughter of Rev. John Usher, of Bristol, Rhode 

Island, and wife of James Robechaux, died June 6th, 

1806, aged 41 years 3 months. 
Caroline, wife of Michael Vanderhoflf, died Jan. 31st, 1840, 

aged 57 years 1 month 16 days. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 287 

Haonahe, wife of Michael Vanderlioff, 26 years 5 months 

14 days. 
Also, her son James Henry, aged 2 months 27 days. 
In memory of William Van Antwerp, Esq., died April 22d, 

1829, in the 31st year of his age. 
Margaret Van Buren, wife of Peter Van Buren, died Aug. 

18, 1832, in the 46th year of her age. 

" O Grave, where is thy victory, 
O Death, where is thy sting ! " 

George Vernon died 28th June, 1830, aged 31. 

John Vernor died Dec. 1st, 1825, aged 79 years, 2 months 

13 days. 
John Vernor, jun., died 4th March, 1832, a^ed 51 years. 
Prudence, wife of John Vernor, died June 20, 1846, in the 

77th year of her age. 
Elizabeth Wakefield, died April 13th, 1843, aged 66 years. 
Also, her daughter Eliza Wakefield, who died Jan. 1st, 

1839, aged 29 years. 
Martha Maria Waldron, died January 25th, 1842, aged 4 

years and 11 months. 
Amos T. Walker, Burke County, Georgia, died 20th June, 

1832, aged 32 years. 

Peace to his ashes. 

Elizabeth Walker, died 2d February, 1820, aged 56. 
Samuel Waterman, died Aug. 21, 1835, aged 45 years 4 

months 17 days. 
James Waugh, who died Feb. 1st, 1825, in his 45th year. 
Also, Frances Waugh, daughter of James and Elizabeth 

Waugh, who died Feb. 2d, 1842, in her 29th year. 

This stone my name and age contains, 
Beneath it lie my last remains, 
My soul at rest all heaven doth view, 
I've left my love and prayers for you, 
Dear friends remember me. Adieu. 

Henry Y. Webb, died March 20th, 1835, aged 4 months 

16 days. 
Jennet Webb, wife of Henry Y. Webb, Jr., and daughter 

of Edward and Margaret Kirkpatrick, died Dec. 19th, 

1839, aged 29 years 5 months 12 days. 

288 episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

The Tomb 


John Whipple, 

who was murdered 

at Cherry Hill, March 7th, 1827. 

With deadly aim the bullet sped. 
Prone to the earth the guiltless victim fell, 
Life's brittle cord had broke, his spirit fled, 
Urged hence unwarned its brief account to tell. 

energy, and perseverance in business, 
the fulfillment of 
every duty pertaining to his 
social and domestic life, 
and a solemn sense of his obligations 
to his Creator, 
characterized the life 
and conduct of the 
lamented Whipple. 

Erected by his brother 
Barnum Whipple. 

John Whipple, was born 
at Sunderland, Vermont, 

August 11th, 1793. 
His father Ezra Whipple, 
was an officer in the 
Revolutionary War. 
He was shot by Jesse Strang, 
about 9 o'clock in the evening, 
thro' the back window of his apartment, 
where he sat at a table writing, 
unconscious and guiltless 
of provocation or offence. 
The ball passed thro' his body, 
and he lived only to exclaim, 
Oh! Lord, 
and expired 
in the 34th year of his age. 
The murderer 
confessed he had meditated the deed 

for six months. 
He suflered the punishment of the law, 
August 24, 1827. 

Catharine Abigal Whipple, who departed this life Feb. 8th, 
1833, aged 18 years 9 months. 

Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 289 

Thomas K. Webb, died Nov. 25th, 1836, aged 1 year 24 

Emma, wife of Milton L. Webster, died Feb. 19th, 1848, 

aged 21 years 10 days. 
Fanny Wells, died May 9th, 1805, in the 26th year of her 

Mrs. Hannah Wells, consort of Israel Wells, died 15th May, 

1817, aged 61 years. 
William S. Wells, died Feb. 28th, 1821, aged 51 years; 

also, his wife Elizabeth, who died Dec. 23, 1819, in the 

40 th year of her age. 

In memory of 
Nancy Barber, 

consort of 

James Wesley, 

born in Woodford, in the county 

of Cheshire, England, 

the 9th May, 1793, 

died in Albany 17th May, 1834. 

William Weston, died August 13, 1835, aged 72 years. 
Smith Wheeler, died September 17th, 1828, in the 44th 

year of his age. 
Richard White, died September 14th, 1805, aged 52 years. 
George, son of William and Catharine Wilcox, died Oct. 

12, 1849. aged 1 year 5 months. 
Deborah, wife of John A. Wilson, died July 81st, 1836, 

aged 89 years. 
Levina Augusta, daughter of John A., and Deborah Wilson, 

died November 29th, 1888, aged 18 years and 11 months 

and 20 days. 
Matthew G-regory Wing, son of Dr. J. A. and Mary Wing, 

died 25th Dec, 1824, 1 year 4 months 19 days. 
James Wing, died 30th Nov., 1824, aged 1 month 27 days. 
Lydia Wing, daughter of Dr. J. A. and Mary Wing, who 

died Feb. 27th, 1881, aged 11 months. 
Mary Gregory, wife of Dr. Joel A. Wing, died 5th Sept., 

1837, aged 45 years. 
Captain Oresmus Whipple, son of Col. William Whipple, 

who died at Albany, November 3, 1838, aged 82 years. 
Elizabeth, wife of James Winne, died July 9th, 1888, aged 

26 years. 

Annals, iv. 25 

290 JEpiscopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jas. Wood, daughter of John Gill, died 
March 27th, 1814, aged 32 years 10 months 26 days. 

Mrs. Betsy Wood, died Jan. 5th, 1845, aged 58 years. 

John Wright, died Oct. 18th, 1844, aged 55 years. 

Elizabeth Brooks, wife of John Wright, died March 18, 
1838, in the 44th year of her age. 

Amelia Caroline, infant daughter of John and Charlotte 
Wyatt, died July 16, 1841, aged 1 year 11 months. 

To Ellen, 

The beloved wife of F. H. Wyse, 

died 1850, aged 23 years. 

Also, our little 

Mary and Caroline. 

" The trumpet shall sound and the dead shall arise." 

Monroe Yager, died June 27th, 1850, aged 23 months. 
Hannah, wife of Robert Youd, died Oct. 22d, 1834, aged 

65 years. 
Margaret, wife of Francis Youngs, died July 25th, 1829, 

in her 55th year. 

Notes from the Neicspapers, 291 

[Continued from vol. iii, p. 148.] 


Museum. — A museum is now established in this city, and 
is open for inspection at the corner of Green and Beaver 
streets, opposite Mr. Denniston's Tavern, everyday, Sundays 
excepted, from 9 o'clock in the morning, till nine at night. 
It contains a number of living animals. 

Jan. 2. The legislature met; Dirk Ten Broeck was elected 
speaker of the house of assembly by 59 votes, his opponent, 
Denning, receiving 42. James Van Ingen, another citizen, 
received an unanimous election as clerk. Robert McClellan, 
a merchant of note, was appointed treasurer in the place of 
Gerard Banker, who had filled the office many years. 

March 12. Philip Van Rensselaer, of Cherry Hill, died. 

April 2. Arie La Grange, a much respected citizen, died, 
and was interred in the Dutch cemetery. 

The partnership of Gould, Dickinson & Co. is this day 
dissolved by mutual consent. All persons indebted to said 
partnership are requested to make immediate payment. 

Benj. Dickinson, Job Gould, Thos. Gould. 

The business is continued at the same stand, No. 13 Court 
street. May 7. 1798. Job Gould. 

June 17. Robert Lewis died, aged 74. 

June 21. During the session of the classis of the Re- 
formed Protestant Dutch Church in Albany, Coenradt Ten 
Eyck, Robert xMcDowell, Abraham Brockaw, and John B, 
Romeyn, were licensed as candidates for the ministry ; and 
in the evening Mr. McDowell was ordained. The ceremony 
took place in the old Dutch Church ; ordination sermon by 
the Rev. Christian Bork, of Schodack and Bethlehem; the 
Rev. John Bassett presided, and gave the charge. 

Notice. — A general meeting of the citizens of Albany 
and its vicinity is requested at the City Hall on Wednesday 
the 16th inst., at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, to take into 

292 Notes from the JSeiospajpers. [1798. 

consideration the present alarming state of our country, and 
to adopt such resolutions as the importance of the subject 
shall require. May 11, 1798. 

This meeting passed resolutions complimentary of the 
administration of John Adams, and deprecatory of the 
French system of spoliations which was practiced upon 
American commerce. The resolutions were forwarded to 
the president, who replied to them. (See vol. iii., p. 190, 
1st ed). 

Jacob Lorillard opened a store of Tobacco, Snuff and 
Leather, second door east of the Low Dutch Church, State 

The votes for Jay in Albany county were 1639 ; for Liv- 
ingston, 335. In Rensselaer county 1119 to 510, by which 
it appears that Rensselaer county polled only 345 votes less 
than Albany county. The vote in New York was 1060 to 
793. Total vote of the state, Jay, 16,012 ; Livingston, 
13,634. Majority for Jay, 2378. 

Sept. 8. Donald McDonald, lately from London, now at 
No. 13 Court street, introduced " the new Brutus wig, worn 
by gentlemen of the latest fashion in London." 

Sept. 10. It is with the most heartfelt satisfaction, says 
a writer in the Gazette, that we can inform our brethren of 
the Roman Catholic faith, that their church in this city is 
so near completed as to be under roof, glazed and floored 
(fire proof). That it is a neat building, and will be an orna- 
ment to the city, and a lasting blessing to all who are mem- 
bers in communion of that church. To the citizens in gene- 
ral of this city and its vicinity, and several of the other 
cities of the United States and Canada, the sincere prayers 
of the members of this church are due for their liberality 
in aiding to erect it. Such of our Catholic brethren in 
this neighborhood as have not already contributed, it 
is hoped will now come forward and offer their mite to dis- 
charge the last payment of the contract, there being but a 
small sum in hand for that purpose. To give to the church 
is' it not to lend to the Lord, who will richly repay the 
liberal giver with many blessings ? Should not all the 
members unitedly raise their voices in praise to God, who 
has cast their lot in this good land," where our church is 
equally protected with others, and where we all so bounti- 


Notes from the Newspapers. 


fully partake of liis goodness ? What is man without religion 
which teaches us the love of God and our neighbor, and to 
be in charity with all mankind ? Surely without this he is 


Henry I. Bogart advertised for proposals for the con- 
struction of an arsenal on the lot originally purchased for a 
state prison, in the north part of the city. [This was the 
first step towards the erection of the State Arsenal, on 
Broadway, now a district school house.] 

A deputation of Cayuga chiefs arrived in town, empowered 
by their tribe to treat with the government for the sale of 
all their remaining lands in this state. 

The legislature incorporated the Cherry Valley Turnpike 
Company, by " An act to establish a turnpike corporation 
for improving the state road from the house of John Wea- 
ver in Watervliet to Cherry Valley, and to repeal the act 
therein mentioned." The first commissioners were William 
North, John Taylor, Abrahaai Ten Eyck, Charles R. Web- 
ster, Calvin Cheeseman, Zenas Perno, Ephraim Hudson, 
Joseph White, Elihu Phinney, and Thos. Machin. Also a 
law incorporating a company for improving the road and 
establishing a turnpike from Lebanon Springs to Albany. 

The vote for senators in Albany county was as follows : 

Moses Vail, 1481 

Ebenezer Russell, 1469 

For Members of Assembly. 

Dirk Ten Broeck, 2764 

Jolin V. Henry 2789 

Joseph Shurtleff, 1792 

Jacob Winne, 2641 

Philip Conine, jr., 2358 

Zina Hitchcock, 1443 

Robert Yates, 282 

Francis Nicoll, 247^ 

Johan Jost Deitz, 244^ 

James Bill, 2596 

Prince Doty, 2643 

Jer. Van Rensselaer, jr., 1069 

The first nine were elected. The last, Mr. Van Rens- 
selaer was the opponent of Mr. Shurtleff", of Schenectady. 
Two other candidates also had opponents. 

May 17. The Western Inland Lock Navigation Com- 
pany declared a dividend of 3 per cent. 

June 21. Never do we recollect to have seen so much 
lumber on our shores, or of a better quality, than at the 
present time. Wheat is 14s. cash, and rising. The Hessian 

294 Notes from the Ney)spapers. [1799. 

fly is making ravages in our wheat fields, and in some parts 
of Montgomery county the most promising crops are already 
totally cut off. 

The Common Council resolved to prohibit all breaches 
of the sabbath, under the act for suppressing immorality 
as follows : 

Resolved, That the constables in tkis city be and they 
are hereby required, on every Sunday hereafter, to stop 
all manner of persons who shall be riding for pleasure, or 
who may expose any articles for sale on that day contrary 
to the act for suppressing immorality ; and that they report 
the names of aggressors, on every Monday morning, to the 
mayor or recorder, to be proceeded against according to law. 

The obstruction in the Hudson between Troy and Lan- 
singburgh, occasioned by what was called the lowe?' reef, 
was overcome by a channel 30 feet wide and 5 feet deep at 
low water, so that taking advantage of the tides it was 
thought that vessels carrying 2000 bushels of wheat might 
pass without difficulty. It was confidently expected to 
render the navigation as good above Troy as below. 

In June, 1797, the Managers of the N. Y. State Road 
Lottery, advertised their scheme No. 1, consisting of 6,458 
prizes, amounting to $125,000, and 18,542 blanks, making 
25,000 tickets, at ^5 each. The prizes were subject to a 
deduction of 15 per cent. The drawing was advertised to 
commence at Albany immediately after the sale of the 
tickets should be completed, which, considering that the 
object of the lottery was one of great public utility, and 
claimed the encouragement of the citizens of the state in 
general, it was confidently expected would be very speedy. 
But it was not till the 14th of May, 1799, that the drawing 
commenced, and continued forty-two days. 

The expenses for lighting the city and for a night watch 
amounted to £625 16s., and the revenue for the same £146 
14s. 4d, leaving a deficit of £479 Is. Sd. The total deficits 
in the revenue for the last five years for lighting the city 
and for night watch, amounted to £844 7s. Id. ($2110.88). 
A collection was made in the Dutch Reformed church 
at each of the three services, for the relief of the distressed 
citizens of New York, by reason of the yellow fever, which 
produced $247. 

1799.] Notes from the Newspapers. 295 

A collection during the afternoon service in St. Peter's 
church produced $107.87. Two collections in the Presby- 
terian church the same day produced $201. Total $555 87 

Abraham Ten Broeck resigned his offices of president of 
the Bank of Albany, and mayor of the city. Philip S. Van 
Rensselaer was appointed to the latter, and Jeremiah Van 
Rensselaer to the former office. 

A quantity of good coffee was offered by John Bryan, 
corner of Court and Beaver streets, at 2s. 8o^, per pound. 

Printing Types. — For sale by Thomas Spencer, very low 
for cash or on short credit for approved security, a valuable 
Printing office, complete, very little worn, consisting of 
Long Primer, Small Pica, Pica, Great Primer, Double Eng- 
lish, Script, Canon, Five Line Pica, Flowers assorted, Ma- 
hogany Press, Chases, Composing sticks, Stands, Galleys, 
Letter Boards, Rules, and almost every necessary article 
belonging to a Printing office. 

A loaf of superfine wheat flour to weigh 12o2;, for six 
pence. A loaf of common or tail flour to weigh one pound 
for 6f?. 

Barber & Southwick opened a circulating library, at a 
yearly subscription of $4; folios 2s., 4tos Is. 6c?., 8vos. 8 cts., 
and ]2mos Gets., per week : had 400 vols. 

William Fowler informed his friends and the public that 
he had for sale at his shop, No. 9 Court street, the follow- 
ing articles, viz : Leather Breeches^ warranted to be good ; 
buck and sheep skins, dressed ; gloves, mittens, mocasins ; 
and every other article in his line, either ready made or fur- 
nished on the shortest notice, on reasonable terms. A con- 
signment of 400 Racoon skins ; a variety of Paper Hangings 
kept constantly on hand at the New York prices. 

Painting and Engraving . — The subscriber begs leave to 
inform his friends and the public that he has removed his 
shop from Mark lane to Washington street, at the sign of 
Raphael's bust, and solicits the patronage of the admirers of 
the fine arts. The painting of Portraits, Miniatures, Hair 
Devices, Standards, &c., will be executed in the most elegant 
taste and style; also Freemason's aprons, sashes, and orna- 
mental paintings in general, done in the best manner, and 
on the most reasonable terms, &c., &c. 

Ezra Ames. 

Sdr., for6(?.; 


common fl 

At 8^;. 

2lb. hoz 


1 13 


1 8 


1 5 


1 3 



296 Notes from the Newspapers. [1799. 

A law to regulate the assize of bread, passed the Common 
Council, accompanied bj a schedule for graduating the price, 
and every baker detected in selling light bread subjected 
himself to a fine of $1 for every loaf found to be light of 
weight. By this schedule, when wheat was 6.s. a bushel, a 
loaf of bread of inspected wheat flour was to weigh Sib. \oz. 

iir Sib. lloz. Sdr. 

and 2Ib. l2oz. Mr. 
Mr 2 3 8 

8 1 13 8 

19 8 

8 17 8 

8 118 

and all intermediate prices in proportion. 

It appears by advertisement annually inserted in the 
papers that a fair was held annually in the fall by direction 
of the Common Council. No notice was taken of them by 
the papers. 

The Directors of the First Company. of the Great Western 
Turnpike Road, advertised for proposals for constructing 
the road from the Schoharie creek westward; the road to be 
28 feet wide, the arch 20 feet ; "and to be made of stone, 
gravel, or such other hard substance as will secure a firm 
foundation and an even surface ; and the hills to be so dug 
down, as to render an easy passage for loaded carriages." 
Also proposals for building a bridge across the Schoharie 
creek, at the place at which the State bridge formerly stood, 
by the first day of November, 1800. The notice is signed 
by " Charles II Webster, Secretary of said company.'' 
This turnpike appears to have been constructed upon the 
old State road. The citizens of Hudson were also on the 
alert to have a road to intersect this turnpike, to lead the 
trade from the west to their village. They had already 
subscribed the stock in a road to meet the Massachusetts 
and Connecticut turnpikes, thus forming a convenient route 
from Boston to the far west. 


Notes from, the Newspapers, 


Valuation of Real and Personal Property in the County 

of Albany : 










1st Ward, 

2d '• 

3d " 






Schenectada, .... 
Watervliet, .... 


Duanesburgh, . . . 








. 53,471 










Rensselaerville, . 



Princetown, .... 


j- 456 






The state tax was one mill on the dollar. 

In addition to the state and county taxes, the city of Al- 
was assessed $4,184 for the support of a night watch, the 
city lamps, the maintenance of the poor, and the ordinary 
town charges, including moneys to be raised for the support 
of common schools. 

News of the death of Washington reached the city of Al- 
bany on the 23d December, and the Common Council re- 
solved that the bells be tolled from three to five o'clock in 
the afternoon, and that the members of the board wear crape 
for the space of six weeks. The churches were dressed in 
mourning, and preparations were made by all the military 
and civic societies for celebrating a funeral procession on a 
magnificent scale. 

Gaine & Ten Eyck, advertise Books, Powder and Lottery 
Tickets. [They came to the city from New York in 1796.] 

Jan. 9. On Thursday, the 9th of January, the citizens 
with one accord devoted the day to the funeral solemnities, 

298 Notes from the Newspapers. [1800. 

closing their shops, and suspending all business for the pur- 
pose. It was one of the greatest pageants ever exhibited in 
the city. Civic, Military, Masonic and all other societies, 
Law, Physic and Divinity, all turned out to honor the occasion, 
and many came from abroad. 

The directors of the Western Inland Lock Navigation 
Company met on the 30th December, 1799, when the canals 
and locks at Little Falls, German Flatts, and Fort Stanwix 
being completed, and no further work of importance intended 
to be prosecuted, it was found expedient to provide money 
to discharge the debt due the banks, for which purpose it 
was estimated that ten pounds ($25) on each share would 
be sufficient ; and that sum was accordingly assessed. 

The Legislature of the State, then sitting at Albany, re- 
Solved to commemorate the virtues and talents of the late 
General Washington, by setting apart the 22d day of Feb- 
ruary, his birthday, to be observed in a religious manner. 
The Rev. Messrs. Nott, Johnson, Ellison and Bassett were 
chosen chaplains for the session, and it was recommended 
that they should choose one from among their number to 
pronounce a sermon on the occasion. 

22. In conformity with the recommendation of Congress, a 
funeral ceremony in memory of Washington was performed 
in the city. At nine o'clock in the morning an oration was 
delivered in the catholic church by Rev. Matthew O'Brien. 
At 11 o'clock a procession was formed at the City Hall, 
composed of the executive and judicial officers of the state, 
both houses of the legislature, the corporation and citizens, 
which moved through State and Pearl streets to the North 
Dutch church, where a sermon was delivered by Rev. John 
B. Johnson, Rev. Messrs. Bassett and Nott assisting in the 
exercises. In the afternoon an oration was pronounced by 
Major Michael Gabriel Houdin in the City Hall to a very 
numerous audience.^ 

1 HoTJDiN.— The following reminiscence, says the Albany Argus, 2i&TQ\aXQdi 
by Judge Stilwell of Ogdensburgh, cannot fail to be of interest, especially to those 
who remember the actors therein and who lived long enough ago to hear of 
incidents of a like character, so very characteristic of the times in which they 
occurred : 

Ogdensburg, April 8, 1868. 

Dear Sir : Your letter of the 13th ultimo was duly received, for which I thank 
you. I should have answered you sooner, but my sight is so very poor that I 
put off what should have been done at once. I see by your letter that you have 

1800.] Notes from the News'papers. 299 

Feb. 29. The Gazette contains, five advertisements for the 
sale of negro slaves, which is quite an unusual number. 
Such advertisements being entirely out of date at this day, 
have an interest only as an obsolete custom, 

A Negro Boy for sale. — He is about 13 years old, smart 
and active ; will answer best for the country. Price forty 
pounds. Enquire of the printers. 

To be solely a Negro Boy^ for the term of 14 years, at 
which period he is to go free. He is ten years old, very 
active, lively, and honest. His master is forced to dispose 
of him only because the little fellow can not please every 
person in the house. Price 60 pounds. 

For sale^ a Healthy^ Strong Negro Boy^ 14 years old, 
well calculated for a farmer, or attending in a family. Ap- 
ply to the printer. 

To he disposed of the services of a likely young negro 
man, for 8 years. He can be recommended as sober and 
honest. Enquire of the printers. 

much of the antiquarian in your composition. I cannot go back, as you did, 
and tell how they got jolly a hundred years ago, but I can recollect many things 
that happened eighty years ago. 

Not long since, I saw in the New York Spectator some notice taken of an 
oration delivered by Capt, Houdan^, in 1799, on the death of General Washing- 
ton, and as I heard that oration and knew the man, I will tell you the story, as 
I think it may amuse you to know more about this noted man. 

In the year 1788 or '89 my father hired a man to work on his farm, who had 
been a soldier in the revolutionary war, by the name of Henry Mosher. He 
lived with us for about three years, and spent many of his evenings in relating 
anecdotes of the war to us children, around the large kitchen lire. 

One night he told us about his march from Albany to Stillwater. He said 
the march of Burgoyne's army had been checked ; that our people were hurry- 
ing on reinforcements to General Gates ; that he, with about eighty other men 
started from Albany under the command of a French officer named Houdang. 
They had no baggage, and intended to go through in one day. They crossed 
the Mohawk river at Fisher's ferry, but owing to some accident, did not get 
across until sundown. They had been cautioned against falling into an 
ambuscade, as it was reported that some of Burgoyne's Indians were in the rear 
of our army. After they had crossed the river and marched about a mile, it 
became quite dusk, when they came to a mill pond^on the edge of which their 
road lay. On Ihe other side was a thick grove of small pines. The captain 
was in advance of his men and keeping a sharp look out, when he called out 
sharply, "Halt," who calls Houdang ?^' We all listened and heard from the 
pond side of us the sound that had alarmed our captain, "hou-ou-dang." He 
again called "who calls Houdang." Eeceiving no answer, but a repetition of 
the sound, he gave the order " make ready ! take aim 1 fire ! I'll learn you to 
call Houdang!" My sister, older a couple of years, enquired "who was it, 
Henry, that called Houdang." He replied it was nothing but the bull frogs. 
She again enquired, " do bull frogs talk ?" He said " no, but they make some 
strange noises very much like talking." She asked him how lame bullfrogs 
were. He said they had in their company a man by the name of Gosling who 
was never known to tell a lie in his life, who told him that he once took from 
this pond a bullfrog, so large and strong that he supposed it able to lift him, 
and that he placed it on the ground and stood his whole weight upon it and 

800 Notes from the Newsjoajpers, [1801. 

A likely Negro Wench, 16 years of age, for sale very cheap. 
She understands cooking, and all kinds of kitchen work ; 
•end will be recommended for honesty and sobriety. Enquire 
of the printers. 

John Given, who had long been sheriflF of Albany county, 
was succeeded by Harmanus P. Schuyler. 

By the census of 1800, the population of the city and 
county of Albany, including the city of Schenectady, which 
then belonged to it, was 34,043. 

1801. ' 

A bill passed the Legislature for erecting a part of the 
counties of Ulster and Albany into a new county, forming 
the present county of Greene, comprising 4 towns, Wind- 
ham, Freehold, Catskill, Coxsackie. 

An act to amend the act entitled an act to establish a 
turnpike corporation for improving the road from the Springs 

was lifted two inches ; the frog hopping off after as none the worse. He then 
said, you must not think our captain was a coward ; he was one of the bravest 
men I ever knew, and led our company when we stormed the redoubt where Col. 
Frazier was killed. This was the first I ever heard of Captain Houdang. 

Some years after this I went to Albany, as a clerk in a store, and became well 
acquainted with Mosher's captain You might see him on almost any pleasant 
day in the streets, leading a couple of little children, taking them to the candy 
and toy shops and making little purchases for them. The company of the little 
ones and the gratification of their childish desires seemed to be his chief 

The death of Washington was an event that touched the American heart more 
profoundly than any other in our history. Draped dwellings, processions, 
minute guns and orations were to be seen and heard everywhere. Among the 
number that spoke on that occasion was Captain Houdang. The day had been 
appointed, and the Assembly Chamber, in the old capitol building, assigned to 
him as the place. On the day I attended early ; when I arrived there Captain 
Houdang was walking very vigorously back and forth on the pavement in front 
of the building. He was a small man, not more than five feet six inches in 
height, very bandy legged and wore his hair clubbed and powdered. He held 
in one hand a roll of large sized paper, tied round with black, and continued 
his walk till the house was well filled, when he came in and read his speech. 

It was very Frenchy in pronunciation ; but I heard nothing of the ludicrous 
character that the article in'Mr. Weed's paper speaks of as haviftg been put in 
by some Dutchman who, at the request of the Captain had revised his manu- 
script ; and I am too much of a Dutchman myself to believe it possible for a 
Dutchman to do so mean an act. The oration was a very creditable effort, but 
gome thought he made a mistake in saying, when near the close ; " Ladie and 
Gentleman, now I come to the pathetic part of my discourse, prepare to shed 
your tear." The eff"ect on the audience was anything but what he could have 
wished. He then commenced an apostrophe to Washington, in which he 
worked himself into a flood of tears and sat down. 

Thus closed that celebrated oration, which like the event it was intended to 
commemorate, was not soon to be forgotten. 

There must be some still living in Albany who can attest the correctness of 
a part of this narrative. Very truly yours, 

Smith Stilwei.l. 

1801.] Notes from the News-papers. 301 

in Lebanon to the city of Albany ; and a like corporation 
for improving the road from the village of Bath to the 
Massachusetts line, and for repealing the act therein men- 

An act for dividing the first ward in the city of Albany. 

An act for raising a sum of money by tax to make altera- 
tions and repairs in the jail of the city and county of Al- 
bany, and for other purposes. 

The votes for Governor and Lieutenant Grovernor in the 
city and county stood as follows : 

Stephen Van Rensselaer (fed.),.. 2133 I J. Watson (fed. Lt. Gov.) 2048 

George Clinton (dem), 705 | Jer. Van Rensselaer (dem) 789 

Since the last election, the county of G-reene had been 
erected, embracing a part of the towns in Albany county, 
which now consisted of the cities of Albany and Schenec- 
tady and the towns of Bethlehem, Watervliet, Bensselaer- 
ville, Bern, Duanesburgh, Princetown, Coeymans. 

The total number of votes cast for Grovernor, was 46,221. 
Clinton received 24,808, Van Bensselaer 20,843. 

March 7. Margaret, wife of Stephen Van Rensselaer, died. 

May 12. Tontine Coffee Houae. — Mat. Gregory, from 
the village of Waterford, has taken the Tontine Coffee 
House, State street, in the city of Albany. He has also 
provided himself with a large yard, stable, &c., for horses 
and carriages, for convenience of the gentleman traveler. 
The house has been kept for three years past by Mr. Ana- 
nias Piatt, and will be open and ready to wait on those who 
may be pleased to call on him, the 15th inst. Every atten- 
tion in his line of business shall be strictly attended to, by 
the public's humble servant. Mat. Gregory. 

[Mr. Gregory died in the year 1848] 

Daniel Steele advertised as just printed, The Albany Col- 
lection of Sacred Harmony, containing a plain, and intelli- 
gible instruction for learners of church music ] together with, 
a lesson for every mood of time, and for every key made use 
of in psalmody. 

For Sale. — That elegant fire proof House and Stores, 
corner of State and Market streets, now in the possession 
of Messrs. Andrew Brown & Co. The building is 38 ft. 
6 in. breadth on Market street, and 64 ft. 6 in. on State 

Annals^ iv. 26 

302 Notes from the Neivspapers. [1801. 

street with excellent cellars 7 feet high under the whole, 
and a spacious garret. The house on Market street is 
three stories high with 13 rooms ; the stores on State 
street are five stories high, four of which are partitioned 
for wheat, and may contain each from 3 to 400U bushels. 
The stone walls are more than three feet thick, and the brick 
walls are two and a half bricks thick up to the roof, with 
three partition walls. The whole was built in the summer 
of 1795, of entire hard bricks, to the number of about 
450,000. The very best materials have been employed, and 
the best masons and carpenters the country could afford. 
The situation is certainly the best and most eligible one in 
the city for business, being in the centre of trade, within 
sight and pistol shot of the dock, and when the Dutch 
church is removed, which it is supposed must very shortly 
take place, it will increase the value of the property greatly, 
as it will then command a full prospect of State street, through 
which all the travelers from the western country come to 

A law was passed by the Common Council " for filling up 
Church street, parts of Lydius, Van Schee, Westerlo and 
Sturgeon streets, and parts of Bass and Herring lanes, and 
all the lots from Court street westward to Dallius street, and 
from Ferry street northward to the north bounds of the 
church pasture." 

On Saturday, July 11, Gov. Clinton and his family arrived 
in Albany, and took up their residence at the house recently 
occupied by Gov. Jay. A salute of cannon from Fort Hill, 
announced his arrival. [The house occupied by these two 
governors was the site of Nos. 66 and 68 State street, instead 
of 62, as stated in a previous volume.] 

On Wednesday, Oct. 5th, at eleven o'clock in the fore- 
noon, the corner stone of the foundation of the United Pies- 
hyterian church in this city, was laid by the Rev. John 
McDonald, in presence of the trustees and ecclesiastical 
officers of the congregation. After the stone was fixed, ac- 
companied by three strokes of the hammer, these words were 
added : " In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, the king 
and head of the church, we solemnly place this stone, the 
corner foundation of a sacred edifice, for the public worship 
of God, an expression of the piety of the United Presbyterian 

1801.] Notes from the Neiospapers. 803 

church in Albany. Amidst considerable opposition from 
some, and encouraged by the generous liberality of others, this 
infant society, though neither distinguished for their num- 
bers or their wealth, has undertaken this expensive work, 
with full dependence on God. United in faith and affection, 
in pursuit and prospect they look to God for success," &c. 

Several brethren of the order of Hospitallers of JSt. Ca- 
millus de Lilies, from the St. Bernard, arrived in the city, 
to obtain pecuniary assistance to enable them to continue 
the exercise of those acts of benevolence for which they had 
so long been celebrated. They stated that the merchants 
of Switzerland and Italy had formerly contributed sufficient 
sums annually for all their wants ; but that the wars for 
the last few years had not only cutoff their income, but that 
the contending armies had carried fire and sword into their 
vicinity, and that all trade between Italy and Switzerland 
had ceased. In this posture of their affairs, the venerable 
prior of the order. Father Ignatius Sperzoni, had sent seve- 
ral of his order to the United States of x\merica to implore 
the assistance of its generous inhabitants to enable them to 
repair the convent and hospital, and to continue to give as- 
sistance to the distressed traveler and infirm poor. 

Some years previous to this, a company was incorporated 
to construct a turnpike road from Albany to Schenectady. 
It was the first essay made in this state to build a turnpike. 
In consequence, the law was defective, and the sandy nature 
of the soil, and the difficulty of obtaining hard materials, 
were considered insurmountable barriers in the way of suc- 
cess. The project was necessarily abandoned, and the law 
suffered to expire, although it was a complaint that the old 
road was the worst one in the United States, and very few 
were so much used. An effort was now again made to get 
up an excitement on the subject. The roads throughout 
the country had been greatly improved, and the citizens of 
Albany were called upon to secure the travel to their city 
before it should be diverted elsewhere by better roads, and 
lost to them forever. 

The Common Council fixed the price of wheat at 13s. a 
bushel ($1.63), and bread at 2lb. ISoz. ^dr., for Is. of in- 
spected flour, and Slbs. loz. of common flour for Is. 

A convention of delegates appointed to revise the con- 

304 Notes from the Newspapers. [1802. 

stitution of the state, met at the Capitol on the 13th October, 
and chose Aaron Burr president. 

The expenditures of the year for lighting the city and 
for night watch were as follows : 

£ 8. d. 

For 1187 gallons of oil, 319 18 4^ 

Watchmen, 454 17 . . 

Wood, candles and sweeping chimney, 17 10 . . 

Cleaning and lighting lamps, 97 . . 7 

Kepairing lamps, 57 13 4| 

Spirits turpentine and wick, 9 3 8 

ScTienectadr/ Turn'pihe. A meeting of citizens was held 
at the City Tavern on the 3d November, which was numer- 
ously attended, for the purpose of awakening an interest in 
the project of constructing a turnpike to Schenectady. A 
committee of nine was appointed to prepare and digest a 
plan to be laid before the city at an adjourned meeting. 

On the 10th another meeting was held to hear the report 
of the committee. The plan proposed was to divide the 
stock into 2000 shares of 50 dollars each. The subscription 
for 1400 shares was immediately opened and subscribed for, 
leaving 600 shares for the city of Schenectady. No person 
was allowed to subscribe more than ten shares, nor permitted 
to transfer his stock within a year after an act of incorpora- 
tion should be obtained. This was to prevent speculation. 
Five years previous, when a charter had been obtained, and 
the books opened for subscriptions, not a share was taken up ! 

On the 24th November a meeting of the stockholders was 
held, when the Hon. John Lansing, jr., was elected president 
of the company, and Stephen Van Rensselaer, Stephen Lush, 
Daniel Hall, John Taylor, Garret W. Van Schaick, Dudley 
Walsh, Abraham Oothout, Joseph C. Yates, directors. 


Jan. 3. Divine service was performed in the new church 
belonging to the United Presbyterian congregation in this 
city. [This church edifice still occupies the corner of Canal 
and Chapel streets, being now a stable.] 

By a meteorological table published in the Gazette of Feb. 
1, it appears that the lowest range of the thermometer for 
January, was 10 degs.,and the highest 55 J degs. above zero. 

1802.] Notes from the Newspapers. 305 

The winter was so mild as to have the appearance of 
April ; the river was navigable 17 days to vessels passing 
from Albany to New York, and at no time was the ice strong 
enough for any team to pass on it, and not more than 1^ 
inches of snow fell within two miles of the city during the 
months of December and January. 

The highest range of the thermometer for February was 
54 degs. ; the lowest 6 degs. below zero. 

Feb. 29. John W. Wendell, keeper of the Hotel in Court 
street, died, aged 62. 

The city and county of Albany was estimated to contain 
35,000 inhabitants, Rensselaer county 80,442. 

The number of electors in the county possessed of a free- 
hold of £100 value was 3,248, do. of £20,286 ; do. renting 
tenements of 40s. annual value, 1476. (New York city, 
£100, 2,332; £519 40s. 5,693). 

Electors who were freemen on the 14th Oct., 1775, and 
20th April, 1777, 19 ; in New York, 44. 

April 12. Thomas, Andrews & Penniman gave notice that 
they had disposed of their stock in trade and closed their 
business in this city. 

April 20. The Associate Reformed Presbytery of Wash- 
ington, met in the city of Albany for the purpose of installing 
the Rev. Andrew Wilson over the united congregations of 
Albany and Lansingburgh, 

At the election for member of Congress, and for represent- 
atives to the State Legislature, held in April, Killian K. 
Van Rensselaer was elected to Congress by 1306 votes. His 
opponent, Abraham C. Lansing, received 793. Stephen 
Lush, Peter S. Schuyler, Johan Jost Deitz, Jacob Ten Eyck, 
John Frisbie, and Maus Schermerhorn, were elected to the 
Legislature. George Tibbetts of Troy was elected to Congress 
from Rensselaer county. 

The water works company declared a dividend of 3 per 
cent on the stock for the last 6 months. This company ob- 
tained an act of incorporation Feb. 2, 1802, capital $40,000. 
In 1813 it was increased $40,000, and iron pipes, 6 inches 
in diameter, laid from the creek to the reservoir. 

June 10. A bass of uncommon size, taken in our river, 
was yesterday brought to our market. . Its weight was 55 
pounds. We believe this is the largest fish ever caught in 


Notes from the Newspa'pers, 


the Hudson, the sturgeon alone excepted. It was bought 
bj Mr. Jared Skinner for four dollars and fifty cents. 

The Legislature passed an act incorporating Goldsbrow 
Banyar, Abraham Ten Eyck, Abraham Ten Broeck and 
others, a body corporate and politic, by the name of the 
president, directors and company of the Albany and Sche- 
nectady Turnpike. The stock was fixed at 2000 shares at $50 
each. By a subsequent act this road was brought into the 
city as far as Snipe street. 

The company appropriated the revenue of the year 1801 
to facilitate a communication from the canal at Rome to the 
ounction of Wood and Canada creeks, and to remove the 
jbstructions on the Onondaga and Seneca rivers, which it 
was thought would be a good investment to the company, 
and a great public accommodation. 

An ordinance passed the Common Council against ringing 
or tolling bells at funerals, for a longer time than twenty 
minutes, under a penalty of 25 dollars. 

Canal — It appears that there was great difficulty in get- 
ting the stock paid in for this work, and that those who 
gave their energies to the work were much embarrassed 
thereby. The state had advanced money to carry on the 
project, and this year a law was passed forfeiting the install- 
ments already paid in by those who had failed to meet the 
calls of the company since 1796, and investing the state's 
money in the stock of the company. The following table 
of tolls was given by the Albany Centinel, as having been 
taken at Little Falls : 

In 1796 the net toll collected was $1759.50 



The tolls for the present year were supposed to have 
doubled those of last year for the same period. The tolls 
collected at Rome had averaged about $2000 a year since 
1797. The tolls had been reduced at some points 50 per 
cent, which so far from diminishing the product, had tended 
to increase it. 

1803.] Notes from the Newspapers. 307 

A company consisting of some of the most respectable 
moneyed men, was formed for exploring, opening and work- 
ing coal mines and all the necessary tools and implements 
prepared for prosecuting the work vigorously. It appears 
that some persons professing an acquaintance with coal 
formations, had observed indications of coal in this vicinity; 
and although attempts had before been made to discover it, 
they were supposed to have failed of success for want of suffi- 
cient effort. It was intended now to make a fair trial, and 
the location decided upon for the experiment was Wendell's 
creek a little to the west of the city, where appearances 
were supposed to indicate strongly that large and extensive 
quarries of the mineral would be found. 

Timothy Shalor, Money Broker, negotiated approved 
notes, payable at the Bank of Albany. 

John Jauncey also advertised that he continued to "ne- 
gotiate all approved notes which had from 80, 60, or 90 days 
to run, and which are payable at the Bank of Albany." 

A contract was entered into by the Albany and Sche- 
nectady Turnpike Company for clearing the track of the road, 
building fences fifty-eight feet apart, and forming an arch 
42 feet broad, with ditches of eight feet on each side, for 
$26,000. The road was to form a perfectly straight line, 
and not to exceed in depression or elevation, four degrees 
from a horizontal line, 14 miles in length, 

A delegation of the principal sachems and warriors of 
the Seneca nation of Indians from Buffalo creek visited the 
city and concluded a treaty by which they ceded to the 
state all the lands reserved along the Niagara river, includ- 
ing Blackrock and the carrying place at the falls; an im- 
portant acquisition. 

Nov. 1. The partnership between Janies and William 
Caldwell his son was dissolved, the latter advertising that 
" all articles in the Grocery line, and those of Caldwell, 
Fraser & Co.^s manufactory, will be sold as usual by Wil- 
liam Caldwell at his store in State st." [Died 1848.] 


The legislature incorporated a new bank in the city of Al - 
bany, with a capital of 500,000 dollars, under the title of 
the New York State Bank. At a meeting of the directors 

308 Notes from the Newspapers. 1803.] 

on the 25th March, John Tajler was chosen president, and 
John W. Yates cashier. 

Among the acts passed by the legislature this year, was 
one " to straighten the public highway leading from the 
city of Albany to the Ballstown springs." 

Christopher Dunn gave notice that he had taken the 
tavern in Green street, formerly occupied by David Trow- 
bridge, and put the interior in thorough repair, and that it 
would be his utmost ambition to merit and preserve the 
good opinion of all those who would favor him with their 
custom. "N. B. The original stage office kept here." 
[Dunn was famous for his jokes, and his Coffee House was 
resorted to till about the year 1830, when the street was 
widened and his house was cut in two. He died previous 
to, or about that time.] 

The Albany Medical Society resolved that they would 
inoculate gratis all the poor of the city for the kine pock 
who may apply for that benefit during the season. 

A corps of comedians, calling themselves the old American 
company, gave an entertainment at the Thespian Hotel, in 
North Pearl street, near the corner of Patroon, and conti- 
nued their representations several weeks. 

The State Bank commenced business on Wednesday the 
7th of September : hours from 9 to 12, and from 2 to 4. 
Notes offered for discount were to be drawn payable at the 
bank unless the drawer resided in the city of Albany or 
New York. Discounts were made for 36 days. In Decem- 
ber the banks altered their hours to from 9 A. M. to 2 p. M. 

At a meeting of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
church of the United States, it was. 

Resolved, That the Presbyteries of Albany, Oneida and 
Columbia, be and hereby are constituted and formed into a 
Synod, to be known by the name of the Synod of Albany ; 
that they hold their first meeting in the Presbyterian church 
in Albany, on the first Wednesday of October, at 2 o'clock 
P. M., and be opened with a sermon by the Rev. Jedediah 
Chapman of Geneva; or, in case of his absence, by the next 
senior minister who may be present ; and that they after- 
wards meet on their own adjournment. 

Aug. 7. Rev. John B. Johnson, a minister of the Re- 
formed Dutch church, died at Newtown, Long Island, aged 

1803.] Notes from the News'paperS. 309 

83. In CODsequence of impaired health, he had withdrawn 
from the cares of a large congregation at Albany, and ac- 
cepted a call where less exertion was required ; but his disease 
was too deeply rooted, and the change proved ineffectual 
to his relief. After the death of his wife, who left him in 
April, with three infant children, he rapidly declined, and 
his complaints terminated in consumption. He was distin- 
guished by abilities which marked him for extensive use- 
fulness, and his mind was improved by a liberal education, 
and indefatigable study. 

Oct. 2, Mr Sylvanus Palmer ordained in the old Dutch 
church, by a commission of the classis of Albany, to the 
office of the sacred ministry. He was called to the mis- 
sionary service by the Northern Missionary Society in the 
state of New York, and entered immediately upon his mis- 
sion among the frontier inhabitants of the state. A sermon 
adapted to the occasion was preached before a crowded 
assembly by llev. John Bassett, from 2 Tim. iv, 5. 

Oct. 4, A convention of the Protestant Episcopal church 
in the state of New York met in this city. On the same 
day, the church lately erected in the city was consecrated 
by Bishop Moore, in presence of a large concourse of peo- 
ple. A discourse was delivered by Rev. Mr Hobart, one of 
the associate clergy in the city of New York. On Wed- 
nesday, the Rev. Mr. Beasley was inducted in this parish, 
and an appropriate sermon pronounced by the Rev. Mr. 
Harris. On Thursday, the Rev. Mr. Phelps was ordained. 

Oct. 11. An election for president and directors of the 
Albany Mercantile Company took place, when the former 
president and directors were defeated, and a new board 
chosen. A statement of the condition of the company's 
affairs was published in the papers (Gaz. Oct. 17) and a 
counter statement by the new board of directors. It ap- 
pears that the stock of the company consisted of S32,000, 
and the amount of specie $28,855. 

The following unique advertisement appeared in the 
Gazette of ihe 20th October : 

" Those who wish to buy one of the most valuable ne- 
gro wenches, one free from ever having had a husband or 
child, and one not in the least used to black company, and 
free from every vice of any moment; will please to inquire 

SlO Notes from the Newspapers. [1803. 

of the editors of this paper, from whom they may know 
the price, and the present owner." 

In February of this year, Robert McCIellan, a respect- 
able merchant, and treasurer of the state, proved a defaulter 
to a large amount. He published a justification of his de- 
falcation, alleging that he was a loser to a very heavy 
amount by the state, in the war of the Revolution, in con- 
sequence of having outlayed money in clothing and stores, 
for the army, imported from Canada, and that he had been 
embarrassed by those operations ever since. 

March 7. It was ordained by the common council, that 
a loaf of inspected wheat flour should weigh 3lbs. Soz. for 
Is. A loaf of common wheat flour to weigh 4:lbs. 3oz., for Is. 
It was asserted by a writer of the day, that bread was 4 
ounces to the shilling heavier in Albany than in New York, 
and when the river was closed from 8 to 12 ounces heavier, 

May 19. A dividend of one dollar and fifty cents on each 
share of the Albany Water Works Company, was declared, 
payable to the stockholders after the first of June, at the 
office of the treasurer in Pearl street. Soon after, Stephen 
Lush, John Lansing, jr., John Taylor and Isaac Hutton, 
were elected trustees, the recorder of the city being, ex-officio, 
a trustee also. 

Daniel Steele advertised that he had opened a circulating 
library, consisting of 400 volumes. 

The ladies and gentlemen of Albany were informed that 
I. Wood had taken rooms at Mrs. Dole's, next door to the 
Albany Coff"ee House, corner of Green and Beaver streets, 
where he would take likenesses in profile, at five minutes 
sitting, at a dollar, by a process which he dignified with the 
name of Physiognotrace. This was nearly forty years in ad- 
vance of the daguerreotype. 

In consequence of the prevalence of yellow fever in New 
York, the Common Council required all vessels coming from 
that city to perform a quarantine of a few hours, to ascertain 
if there were any sick on board, before coming up to the 
city. A young man by the name of Townsend, died in 
Troy about this time of the yellow fever, which he had 
taken in New York, which is the only case mentioned as 
having occurred in this vicinity. 

Oct. 10. The St. Andrew's Society held its first meeting. 

1804.] Notes from the Newspapers. 


and adopted a constitution, and celebrated the nativity of 
its patron saint on the SOth November following. On the 
10th November was held the first election of officers, which 
resulted in the choice of the following persons : John Stephen- 
son, President j George Ramsey, Vice President; Andrew 
Brown, 2d vice president; Rev. John McDonald, chaplain ; 
Dr. Wm. McClelland, physician; Wm. Milroy, treasurer; 
Archibald Mclntyre,^ secretary, Peter Boyd, assistant se- 
cretary; and Daniel Gumming, Peter Sharp, John Kirk, 
John Grant, Geo. Pearson, Thos. Barker, Wm. French, 
John D. Cunningham, managers. The avowed object of 
the society was to afford relief to poor and unfortunate Scot- 
tish emigrants. 

Garret Van Vranken died, aged 94. 


A bill was brought 
before the legislature at 
its session this year, au- 
thorizing the city corpo- 
ration to sell the old 
Court House on the cor- 
ner of Hudson and Court 
streets, and erect a new 
one on the public square 
at the head of State 
street. Most of the other 
states had already erect- 
ed public buildings for 
the acommodation of 
their respective legisla- 
tures, and public pur- 
poses, while the opulent 
state of New York was 
still without any such 
convenience, but met in 
a building which had long served the double purpose of 
court house and jail ; and although the jail had been removed 
some time previous to this, the edifice was occupied for city 


Corner of Court and Hudson streets. 

^ Mr. Mclntyre is probably the only survivor of the board. 

312 Notes from the Newspapers. [1804. 

and county purposes, as well as those of tlie state. In it 
criminals had been incarcerated, tried and executed. The 
whipping post stood before it for many years. 

March 5. There was a great depth of snow upon the 
ground in this vicinity, the like whereof was unknown to 
the oldest inhabitant ; being about three feet on a level. 
A man with two horses perished in the tempest on the night 
of the 2d inst. on the Schenectady road, in attempting to 
reach Albany. The traveling was wholly impeded in every 
direction, and three mails were due from New York. The 
weather had been intensely severe since the first of January. 

March 18. A charity sermon was preached by Dr. Nott 
in the Presbyterian church, in aid of the funds of the Hu- 
mane Society, established by the ladies of the city, for the 
" relief of poor women and small children." The collection 
amounted to $327, and was considered the most liberal ever 
taken up in any of the city churches. 

Contracts were executed in the beginning of this year for 
the construction of a turnpike road from Hoboken to Hack- 
ensack, to be commenced early in the spring, and completed 
in November. This was to form a link in a great chain of 
roads, which were to connect the cities of Albany and New 
York on the west side of the river. It was thought that by 
connecting it with the great state road, to be opened in the 
Spring between Goshen and Albany, the distance would be 
materially shortened, and the preference given to this route 
over any other, by the rapidly increasing travel between 
the two cities. [There was at this time as great a rage for 
turnpikes, as there has been at any time since for canals or 
rail roads.] 

Feb. 4. Benjamin V. Henry, a merchant of Albany, died 
at the island of Jamaica. 

The legislature passed an act authorizing the Common 
Council to raise money by tax for defraying the expense of 
lighting the city and for night watch. 

Also, to prevent the bringing in and spreading of infec- 
tious and pestilential disease, in the cities of Albany and 

Also, an act to vest certain powers in the freeholders and 
inhabitants of that part of the town of Watervliet commonly 
called the Colonic. 

1804.] Notes from the Neivspapers, 313 

Also, to establish the Albany and Bethlehem turnpike. 
E. Hosford, Bookseller, Stationer and Binder, opposite 
the State Bank, has commenced business in the above line, 
and offers for sale an assortment of Books, comprising Divi- 
nity, Law, Physic, History and the various branches of 
Literature. School Books, of all kinds in common use. 
Also, an assortment of stationery, consisting of Boyal, Medium, 
Demy, thin Posts, Foolscap writing paper, wrapping do. 
Also, trunks of all descriptions. Bookbinding in all its va- 
rious branches, performed with neatness and expedition. 
Merchants* account books ruled and bound to any pattern, 
and the least favor thankfully received. [The above is the 
first advertisement of E. Hosford, who subsequently became 
an extensive publisher in the edifice now occupied as the 
Watkins House, No. 100 State street, which closed In 1827.] 
Vote /or Governor. — At the annual election the following 
majorities were given : 

Lewis. Burr. 

City of New York, majority, 101 

Albany, " 384 

Columbia, 1163 1290 

Greene, majority, 51 

Rensselaer, 1388 1133 

2611 2970 

May 10, The State Bank commenced business in their 
new banking house in State street. 

March 18. A meeting of the citizens was held at the 
City Tavern, to take into consideration the propriety of in- 
stituting an academy. The Lieutenant Governor, Mayor, 
Chancellor, Rev. Mr. Nott, Dr. De Witt, and Messrs. Henry 
and Beers were appointed a committee, to report a plan of 
an institution. The plan was submitted at a subsequent 
meeting on the 5th May, and approved, and another meeting 
appointed on the 10th May. It was proposed to make the 
academy a reorganization and reform of the city schools, 
which were to be incorporated in one. 

June 2. It was announced that his Excellency Morgan 
Lewis and family had arrived in town, and entered upon the 
duties of his office as Grovernor of the State of New York. 

June 21. Wheat 9s. per bushel. A loaf of superfine Uhs. loz. 
for a shilling. A loaf of common fiour, bibs, for 1 shilling. 

Annals J iv. 27 

314 Notes from the Newspapers. [1804. 

June 22. "Buried on Friday last, that truly good and 
well known character, Capt. Shawk, of African origin, and 
for upwards of half a century ferryman between this city 
and dreenbush." 

Episcopal Churchy Troy, — "It can not but be pleasing 
to the friends of religion to notice the ardor for erecting 
convenient places of public worship, which at present actu- 
ates the citizens of this flourishing village. This ardor is 
not confined to any particular sect or class of worshipers, 
but seems equally diffused through all classes, which exhi- 
bits itself in their liberal subscriptions for the erection of 
churches the present season. Yesterday morning at 10 
o'clock the llev. David Butler, accompanied by the Ilev. 
Mr. Coe, pastor of the Presbyterian church, and a respecta- 
ble number of citizens, formed in procession, and proceeded 
to the spot destined for the Protestant Episcopal church, 
and with the usual exercises of prayer, vocal and instrumental 
music, &c., laid the corner stone upon which to build an 
edifice for the public worship of God." 

Shad and Herring Fishery. — An abundant source of 
employment and profit to the inhabitants of the borders of 
the Hudson river, were the fisheries. In one net during 
this season 40,000 shad were taken at the city of Hudson, 
which may not have been the most successful on the river, 
At one fishing place 46,000 were taken at one tide. They 
sold at from three to six dollars per hundred. These fisheries 
not only occupied a great number of people, in fishing, dry- 
ing, salting, packing, and coopering, but formed an important 
article of export at this time. It was estimated that at 
least 50 nets were employed within the limits of the city of 
Hudson. Allowing to each 20,000 shad, at the lowest price 
of the market, $3 per hundred, the product would be 
$30,000 ) and computing the herring at half the value of 
the shad, the revenue from the bosom of the river at one 
fishing place, for about two months, would be |45,000. 

Death of Alexander Hamilton. — July 12. The Gazette 
of July 16 announces the report of the death of Col. Ham- 
ilton, and the three succeeding numbers were filled almost 
exclusively with the proceedings of various societies on the 
occasion, and the ceremonies attending the obsequies, ora- 
tions, resolutions, &c. A meeting of students at law was 

1804.] Notes from the Newspapers, 315 

held in x\lbaay, Teunis Van Vechten, secretary, wliich 
resolved that the members should wear crape on the left 
arm six weeks. Eulogies, &c., followed in the Gazette for 
many weeks. 

July 13. Mrs. Harriet Backus, wife of Eleazer F. Backus, 
bookseller, died, aged 25. 

A line of stages commenced running between Albany and 
New York, which accomplished the journey in three days, 
lodo-ino; at Rhinebeck and Peekskill. This arranorement 
was made in regard to the ease of the traveler, who was 
allowed all the time at the different stages requisite to make 
the passage agreeable. [So far as time was concerned, surely 
no one could wish to be longer on the road.] Fare $8. 

July 18. Rev. Samuel Blatchford was installed pastor of 
the United Presbyterian congregations of I^msingburg and 
Waterford. Rev. Jonas Coe, of Troy, delivered the sermon 
from 2d Tim., xi, 15; and Rev. Mr. Miller of Albany de- 
livered the charge. 

July 29. Eliphalet Nott, A. M., delivered a discourse in 
the North Dutch church on the death of Alexander Hamil- 
ton, which was published in a volume of similar effusions, 
by William Coleman, at p. 104. 

x\ug 24. Rev. Eliphalet Nott, pastor of the First Pres- 
byterian church in Albany, was elected president of Union 
College, Schenectady, vice Dr. Marcy, who had accepted the 
presidency of the University of South Carolina. [Dr. Nott 
just previous to this delivered a sermon on the death of 
Alexander Hamilton, which was published, and was charac- 
terized by the editor of the Hudson Bee as " one of the most 
eloquent and highly finished productions of the kind which 
this country has produced," and he was pronounced one of 
the ablest divines in the United States.] 

Sept. 1. Wheat 13s. 6rZ. per bushel. A loaf of superfine 
flour to weigh 2>lh. 12oz. for one shilling. Of common flour, 
3lb. 6oz. for one shilling (12J cents). 

Oct. 2 The stockholders in the Albany and Bethlehem 
Turnpike Company met at the City Tavern and chose the 
following directors: Francis Nicoll, James Van Rensselaer, 
Peter S. Van Rensselaer, John H. Burhans, Abraham Ten 
Eyck, Goldsborough Banyar, jun., G-errit Bogart, Sebastian 
Visscher, Solomon Russell; F. Nicoll, president. The edi- 

316 Notes from the Newspapers. [1804. 

tor of the Gazette remarked that no part of the country 
suffered more on account of bad roads than the town of 
Bethlehem for many years past, in its intercourse with this 

Oct. 17. The Common Council ordained that part of 
State street, Lion [now Washington] street, Washington 
[now South Pearl] street, which remained unpaved and 
greatly out of repair, should be immediately paved by the 
owners and occupants, the work to be completed within 
eight days after they should receive notice from the city 

It appears by the annual report of the Chamberlain, El- 
bert Willett, that the expenditure for lamps and night 
■watchj was as follows, for the year ending Oct. 8, 1804. 
1652 gals, oil, $1739.21; night watch, $1008.44 J; wood 
and candles, $50; lighting lamps, $390. 68f; ^Ibs. wick, 
$4.98; total, $3193.32. The amount of expenditures for 
the last seven years more than taxes $4785.96. The total 
amount of the city expenditures for this year was $18,177.- 
70^^ cents. Among the receipts into the treasury this year 
was that of $1128.46 J for land sold at Schaghticoke; $50 
for rent of ferry house, and $274 for ferriage; and for "lots 
of ground sold at vendue," $9596.75. 

Nov. 6. The legislature of the state met in the city on 
Tuesday, Nov. 6; Alexander Sheldon was chosen speaker 
and Solomon Southwick, clerk. The message of Gov. Lewis 
would not fill a column of our modern daily papers. 

Nov. 8. Wheat 17 shillings per bushel. A loaf of super- 
fine wheat flour to weigh 2lhs. Soz.. for one shilling. A 
loaf of common flour to weigh 2lbs. lOoz. 

Nov. 18. Major Gen. Philip Schuyler, an officer of the 
revolution, and eminent also as a civil officer, died, aged 71. 
He was buried on the 21st with military honors, in the 
family vault of the Hon. Abraham Ten Broeck. [See biog. 
sketch, in vol. i. p. 250, 1st ed.] 

Nov. 20. Ontario Wheat. A wagon load of wheat was 
brought to the city from Bloomfield, Ontario county, a dis- 
tance of 230 miles. The load consisted of 100 bushels, and 
was drawn by four yoke of oxen; and had the traveling 
been good the teamster thought the quantity might have 
been increased to 150 bushels. The wheat was purchased 

1804.] Notes from ihe Neivspapers. 317 

at Bloomfield for five shillings a bushel, and sold for 13s. Sd. 
The net proceeds, after deducting expenses and prime cost, 
was not less than $100. It was calculated that the journey 
both ways might be performed in 20 days, notwithstanding 
the badness of the roads. It was the first adventure of the 
kind known to have been undertaken, but was warranted 
by the high price of grain, and rewarded satisfactorily the 
individual who achieved it, 

Nov. 26. A school building was erected by the charitable 
contributions of the benevolent, for the benefit of neglected 
and helpless female children; and a family of twenty-three, 
gathered under the care of a discreet governess, were daily 
instructed in reading, writing, and plain work, and in the 
strict observance of every Christian and moral duty. 

Water/ord Bridge. Dec. The ceremony of opening the 
Union Bridge across the Hudson at Waterford, was cele- 
brated with considerable parade. The Waterford Gazette 
conceived it the most perfect model of architecture, beauty 
and strength in the United States. Its length was 800 feet, 
and its greatest height from the bottom of the river 33 feet; 
its width 30 feet. There was much firing of cannon all day, 
and a procession from Lansingburgh to Waterford, where a 
dinner was served, at the expense of the directors, and par- 
taken of by the dignitaries of state and many gentlemen of 
the city and villages in the vicinity. 

Turnpikes west. Great eff"ort was making at this time to 
push the line of turnpikes through from this city to Lake 
Erie. It was already nearly completed to Canandaigua. 
At the same time a rival road was attempted, and already 
partly finished, leading from Esopus to Jericho, and con- 
tinued to Bath in Steuben county, by another company, 
with the exception that a third company would take it to 
Lake Erie, making the distance about 280 miles; promising 
an advantage over the more northern route in distance, as 
well as in the superiority of the road, arising from the better 
nature of the soil and materials. * The inhabitants of the 
interior of the state were alive to these improvements, and 
meetings were held and new turnpikes projected and com- 
panies formed and incorporated, in every direction. But 
the grand project of a thoroughfare from the Hudson to 
Lake Erie particularly occupied the attention of active men, 
as did the rail road schemes forty years later. 

318 Notes from the Nevjspapers, [1804. 

Dec. 20. Wheat 15 shillings per bushel. Bread 2lbs. 
7oz. Sdr., for Is., superfine 'flour ; common flour, dibs, for Is, 


Jan. 31. Three mails were due from New York, owing 
to the obstruction of the roads by snow. It was said on the 
occasion that no instance of the failure of three mails in 
succession, had ever before occurred in this city from the 
first establishment of the post-office. The editor of the Ga- 
zette had forgotten that he antwunced the same failure in 
the previous March. [See March 5, 1804.] The North 
river was closed at this time as far down as the state prison 
in the upper part of the city of New York, and the suffering 
of the poor was very great from the inclemency of the wea- 
ther and the high price of food. 

An act was passed in the spring of this year by the le- 
gislature, incorporating the Albany and Delaware Turnpike 

James Van Ingen of the city of Albany, was appointed 
to translate the public records in the Secretary's office under 
the law for that effect. 

April 18. At a meeting of the stockholders of the Al- 
bany and Delaware Turnpike Company, held at Lewis's 
Tavern, Stephen Yan Rensselaer, John Lansing, jun., Henry 
Guest, Abraham Hun ; Jacob Ten Eyck, Rensselaer Wes- 
terlo, Goldsborough Banyar, jr., were elected the first di- 

Sept. 14. The Common Council prohibited vessels from 
New York proceeding above the large island below the city, 
without a permit from the health officer, the object of which 
was to prevent the introduction of the yellow fever then 
prevalent in New York. 

Official statement of the votes cast for the members of 
Assembly in x\lbany county : 


Stephen Lush, 1578 

J. Shurtleff, 1577 

Ab'm V^anVechten,... 1623 

Adam Deitz, 1461 

Asa Colvard, 1377 

David Burhans, 1447 


Elisha Dorr, 960 

Benj. Wallace, 806 

Wm. Jas. Teller, 1078 

Nath. Gallup, 1116 

J. Jackson, jr., 1048 

James Wands, 555 

J. T. V. Dalfsen, 608 


Notes from the Newsjyapers. 


July 1. Wheat had fallen to SI. 62 J per bushel. 

Aug. 5. The price stood at $1.37J per bushel. On the 
15th, $1.68. 

Aug. 11. John Melanchton Bradford ordained and in- 
stalled pastor or bishop of the Reformed Dutch church in 
this city. He was deposed from the ministry in 1821, but 
subsequently restored, and died without pastoral charge. 

It was announced that the city corporation had established 
a ferry on the Greenbush side of the river, opposite the Al- 
bany ferry, and had licensed Mr. James Wynkoop to keep 
the same ; that he was furnished with good scows and boats, 
and would employ as ferrymen, none but those who were 
sober and obliging, and that every endeavor would be made 
for the passage of carriages and travelers in a safe and ex- 
peditious manner. The rates of ferriage were : 

Foot passenger, 2ct8. 

Man and horse, 6 

Wagon and two horses, 12-|- 

" loaded with fire 

wood, 4 

Chair, sulkey or chaise, . 12^ 
Four wheeled 2 horse 

pleasure carriage, .... 25 

Sept. 11. Wheat 12 shillings. Bread 3/6. I02;. and 3/6. 
lloz. for one shilling. 

Sept. 20. Wheat 13s. 6d. 

Phyniognotrace Likenesses Engraved. L. Lemet, re- 
spectfully informs the ladies and gentlemen of Albany, that 
he takes likenesses in crayon as large as life, and engraves 
them of a reduced size in a new and elegant style. The price 
of the large likenesses, with an engraved plate and twelve 
impressions, is S25 for gentlemen, and $35 for ladies, or $8 
for the drawing only. For further particulars apply at his 
room at Capt. Lockwood's, the corner of Dock and State 
streets, where a great number of portraits of distinguished 
characters may be seen. 

By the report of the city chamberlain, the expenses of tha 
city watch and night lamps were as follows : 

3178i gallons of oil,... 3666.21 Wood and candles for 

Attending night watch, 1301.81 watch, 54.84 

Lighting lamps, ....... 423.75 121b8. wick for lamps, . . 7.75^ 

Each additional horse,. 6ct8. 
Mail stage, two horses, . 25 
Each additional horse, . 3 

Horse and cart, 6 

Double ferriage from one hour 
after sunset to day break, ex- 
cept for the mail carriages. 


320 Notes from the Newspapers, [1805. 

The amount of money received for taxes towards defraying 
these expenses was $4940.94, leaving a deficit of $513.42 J. 
And the deficit in the 7 years after exhausting the amount 
raised by taxes^ was $2121.55^. 

2'he Brig Troy. This is the first square rigged vessel 
ever built in this place, and very properly bears the name 
of the village. She was built at the upper ship yard by 
Capt. Storer, is a very handsome, stout vessel, of 170 tons 
burden, well calculated for a West India or Ireland trader, 
and does honor to the workmanship of her coostructer and 

A collection was taken up in the old Dutch church at 
the foot of State street, in aid of the funds of the Humane 
Booiety, which amounted to 1114.44, 

Objections to the Consiitutioyi. 321 



[The anxiety and zeal of the opponents of the constitution 
of the United States in this quarter, may be gathered from 
the following document, which was promulgated on the 10th 
of April, 1788, and embodies the principles upon which they 
founded their objections ] (See ante p. 302, and vol. ii, pp. 
205, 207, 1st ed.). 

On the last Tuesday of April instant, delegates are to 
be chosen by the people, to determine the important question, 
whether the proposed new Constitution shall be adopted or 
rejected ; a determination of the utmost consequence to the 
citizens of the state and to posterity. From an apprehension 
that the Constitution, if adopted in its present form, would 
deprive the people of their dearest rights and liberties, a 
number of gentlemen, from diflferent parts of this county met 
for the purpose of nominating and recommending Delegates 
for Convention, and unanimously resolved on the following 
gentlemen : 

Robert Yates, Dirck Swart, 

John Lansing, Jun., Israel Thompson, 

Henry Oothoudt, Anthony Ten Eyck. 
Peter Vrooman, 

As we have been informed, that the advocates for the new 
Constitution, have already traveled through the several dis- 
tricts in the county, and propagated an opinion, that it is a 
good system of government, we beg leave to state, in as few 
words as possible, some of the many objections against it : 

The Convention, who were appointed for the sole and 
express purpose of revising and amending the Confedera- 
tion, have taken upon themselves the power of making a new 

They have not formed 2i federal but a consolidated govern- 
ment, repugnant to the principles of a republican govern- 
ment ; not founded on the preservation but the destruction 
to the state governments. 

822 Objections to the Constitution. 

The great and extensive . powers granted to the new go- 
vernment over the lives, liberties and property of every citi- 

The powers in many instances are not defined nor sufi&ciently 
explained, and capable of being interpreted to answer the 
most ambitious and arbitrary purposes. 

The small number of members who are to compose the 
general legislature which is to pass laws to govern so large 
and extensive a continent, inhabited by people of difi'erent 
laws, customs and opinions, and many of them residing up- 
wards of 400 miles from the seat of government. 

The members of Senate are not to be chosen by the peo- 
ple, but appointed by the Legislature of each state for the 
term of six years. This will destroy their responsibility, 
and induce them to act like the masters and not the ser- 
vants of the people. 

The power to alter and regulate the time, place, and man- 
ner of holding elections, so as to keep them subjected to their 

The power to lay poll taxes, duties, imposts, excises, and 
other taxes. 

The power to appoint continental officers to levy and col- 
lect those taxes. 

Their laws are to be the supreme law of the land, and the 
judges in every state are to be bound thereby, notwithstand- 
ing the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary. A 
sweeping clause, which subjects everything to the control of 
the new government. 

Slaves are taken into the computation in apportioning the 
number of representatives, whereby 50,000 slaves give an 
equal representation of 30,000 freemen 

The provision that the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts, laid hy the legislature of any state, on imports or ex- 
ports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United 

The provision that none of the states shall coin money or 
emit bills of credit. 

The power to raise, support and maintain a standing army 
in time of peace. The bane of a republican government ; 
by a standing army most of the once free nations of the 
globe have been reduced to bondage : and by this Britain 
attempted to enforce her arbitrary measures. 

Objections to the Constitution. 323 

The power to call forth the militia to any part of the con- 
tinent, without any limitation of time or place, under the 
command of the president, or such continental officers as 
shall be appointed over them. 

Men conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, made lia- 
ble to perform military duty. 

The power of the new government to establish the salaries 
for their own services. 

The power with respect to the payment of the salaries to 
inferior court judges in the several states ; and which sala- 
ries the new Constitution declares are not to be diminished. 

Their power relative to the migration or importation of 

The not securing the rights of conscience in matters of 
religion, or granting the liberty of worshiping God agreea- 
ble to the mode thereby dictated ; whereas the experience 
of all ages proves that the benevolence and humility incul- 
cated in the gospel, are no restraint on the love of domina- 

The vast executive power vested in one man (not elected 
by the people), who, though called President, will have 
powers equal if not superior to many European Kings. 

His legislative power of negativing all laws, resolutions 
and votes, thereby preventing their passing unless agreed to 
hi/ two-thirds of both houses of the legislature. 

His long continuance in office, and even at the end of 
four years capable of being again chosen, and continued for 

The great powers granted to the grand continental supreme 
court, extending to all cases m laiv and equity, and the allow- 
ing that court original jurisdiction in certain cases. 

The granting of appeals to that court in both law and 
fact. A powerful engine in the hands of the rich, to oppress 
and ruin the poor. 

The power to establish inferior courts in every state. 

No provision being made to prevent placemen and pen- 

Nor for the liberty of the press, that grand palladium of 
liberty and scourge of tyrants. 

The trial by jury, that sacred bulwark of liberty, is not 
provided for in civil cases. 

324 Objections to the Constitution. 

The power of appointing as many continental officers as 
they shall think proper in every state^ and thereby extending 
their influence over every part of the United States. 

The great additional expenses of the new government, 
and the burthensome and heavy taxes which will thereby be 

Their guaranteeing to the several states, not the substance^ 
but a republican form of government, and the states left at 
the mercy of the general government, to allow them such a 
form as they shall deem proper. 

They have declared, that if the convention of nine states 
ratify the constitution, it shall be established between the 
states so ratifying the same ; by which means, if all the 
states should not adopt it, they have laid a foundation to 
defeat the confederation and dissolve the union of the states. 
A clause dictated by the same genius of aristocracy, which 
prompted the convention to enjoin secrecy on their members, 
to keep their doors shut, their journals locked up, and none 
of the members to take any extracts. 

By the articles of confederation each state retains what 
is not expressly granted to congress ; but in the new consti- 
tution there is no provision or bill of rights, to secure any 
of the fundamental rights and liberties of the people. 

Notwithstanding so many and such powerful objections to 
this constitution, some of its zealous advocates have indus- 
triously attempted to persuade the people to adopt it. Is it 
for the sake of the pocr and common people, that the rich 
and well horn are so indefatigable ? or is it because they and 
their friends and connections expect to possess some of the 
many lucrative offices under the new government ? 

They have asserted, that the present confederation is de- 
fective and will tend to anarchy and confusion. 

That the expenses of the new government will be less. 

That the value of produce will be raised. 

That the concurrence of nine states will bind the whole. 

That the constitution may hereafter be amended. 

As to the firsts it is the weakest of all weak reason, to 
adopt a had constitution because the present one is defective. 
A person of a sickly habit or constitution might as well put 
an end to his existence, for fear that his sickness or infirmity 
would be the cause of his death. As to the second^ a man 

Objections to the Constitution. 3^5 

must be very credulous and ignorant indeed, wlio can sup- 
pose that the new government will not be more expensive. 
Will not the raising and supporting the army and navy, in 
time of peace, create additional expense ? Can the multi- 
tude and variety of the salaries of the continental supreme 
court judges, the continental inferior court judges in the 
different states, and other civil officers in the judicial depart- 
ment, be paid without great additional expense ? Can a 
federal town, for the seat of the national government, be 
built without additional expense ? Will not the furniture 
necessary for the Continental President, Vice President, 
Secretaries, Treasurers, Comptrollers, Ministers, k,Q. &c. &c,, 
to grace their tables and adorn the rooms of their stately 
palaces, be costly and expensive ? Can all these things, 
with many others, be accomplished without great additional 
expense, and without laying heavy and burthensome taxes 
on the people? As well might the Israelites of old, have 
made brick without straw. 

With respect to the regulation of trade, this may be vested 
in congress under the present confederation, without chang- 
ing the fundamental principles of the general as well as the 
state governments ; nor is it probable that if the new con- 
stitution should be adopted, the value of produce would be 
thereby increased. As well might it be said, that our soil 
will be better and our lands more fruitful. 

The assertion that the adoption of the constitution hy nine 
states loill hind every state, is not true. This falsehood is 
contradicted by the express words of the last clause ; and 
the threats given out that the dissenting states will be com- 
pelled to adopt it, is the language of tyrants, and an insult 
on the understandings of a free people. 

With regard to amendments, some of the strongest and 
most zealous advocates of the new constitution, at first, and 
for a long time, affected to hold it up as a good system of 
government; but after various and repeated journeys into 
the country (having discovered that the people were gene- 
rally opposed to the constitution, and that they can and will 
judge on a matter of such consequences to themselves and 
their posterity) these same zealous advocates have since 
changed their ground, and altered their plan of operations. 
They now acknowledge it to be defective, but endeavor to 

Annals, iv. 28 

326 Objections to the Constitution. 

prevail on the people, Jirst to adopt it, and afterwards (like 
Massachusetts) trust to a recommendation for future amend- 
ments. Would it be prudent or safe for the people to sur- 
render their dearest rights and liberties, to the discretionary 
disposal of their future rulers ? First to make a surrender 
and afterwards ask for terms of capitulation. 

The freemen of America have fought and bled to oppose 
the oppression and usurpation of Great Britain, and shall 
they now resign these rights and privileges, to a government 
which, if possible, may be still more arbitrary and despotic ? 
Sacred as well as profane history afford abundant examples 
to prove that the most strenuous asserters of liberty, in all 
ages, after having successfully triumphed over tyranny, have 
themselves become tyrants, when entrusted by the people 
with unlimited and uncontrollable powers. 

No amendments can be obtained without the consent of 
three-fourths of the states. Is it probable that such consent 
will ever be obtained to amendments which will tend to 
abridge the powers of the new government ? Is it not rather 
more probable, that if any amendments are made, they will 
rather enlarge those powers ? Will not those in power have 
influence sujQ&cient at all times, to prevent more than one- 
fourth of the states to consent to future amendments ? From 
this source, then, amendments are not to be expected, nor 
is it to be presumed that if the people once resign such great 
and extensive powers, they will ever be enabled to wrest 
them from a national government, having the command of the 
purse as well as the sword. 

The fifth article of the constitution points out a mode to 
obtain amendments after it is adopted^ which is to call a 
convention for the purpose ] and we conceive that a conven- 
tion may be called to amend the constitution, before it is 
adopted with so many material and radical defects. 

These, among many others, are the reasons that have in- 
duced us to oppose the new constitution in the present form. 
A constitution destructive of the fundamental principles of 
the general as well as all the state governments ; dangerous 
to the rights and liberties of the people, and which if adopted 
without previous amendments, will, in our opinion, terminate 
in slavery. 

Objections to the Constitution. 327 

If therefore you entertain the like sentiment relative to 
this constitution, we beg leave to request your vote and in- 
terest in favor of the above delegates, whose opinions, we 
have reason to conclude, agree with ours on this important 

We are, gentlemen, your most humble servants, 
By order of the Committee, 

Jer. Van Rensselaer, Chairman. 
Mat. Visscher, Clerk. 

The subscribers being of the opinion, that the reasons 
above mentioned are conclusive against adopting the new 
constitution without previous amendments, recommend the 
above named gentlemen, as candidates for members of con- 
vention, and the following, for members of senate and assem- 
bly, to wit: Peter Van Ness, for senator; John Lansing, 
Jun., Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Cornelius Van Dyck, John 
Duncan, John Thompson, Henry K. Van Rensselaer, and 
John Younglove, for assemblymen. 

Jacob C. Ten Eyck, Robert Lansing, 

John R. Bleecker, John Price, 

Gerrit Lansing, Jun., Arie Lagrange, 
Cornelius K. Van Den Berg, Henry Lansing, 

Abraham Yates, Jun., Jacob Gr. Lansing, 

Gysbert Fonda, John W. Wendell, 

Cornelius Wendell, Ad'm Bloodgood, 

Volkert A. Douw, Gysbert Marselus, 

Abraham Cuyler, Peter W. Yates, 

Henry Ten Eyck, Dirk B. Van Schoonhoven, 

Henry Wendell, Jacob Roseboom, 

Peter W. Douw, Richard Lush, 

Wm. Mancius, Peter Sharp. 

328 Plan of Albany, 


The plan here inserted is found in a small work in the 
State Library, entitled, A Set of Pla7is and Ports in 
America, reduced from Actual Survei/, 1765, containing 
thirty maps of the forts in British North America, and pub- 
lished in London by Mary Ann Rocque, topographer to the 
Duke of Gloucester. 

The map bears the following inscription : Plan of the 
city of Albany, with a design for the better securing it by 
altering the ancient form of its stockade, adding a ditch in 
front, defended by a number of blockhouses, with a ban- 
quette within, from which a double fire of musketry can be 
made through loopholes in the stockade ; also a design for a 
magazine for provisions, barracks to complete one thousand 
men, with a general hospital for four hundred sick, and a 
small quay for the convenience of loading and unloading the 
vessels, which will also serve for a battery for two guns to 
command the river. 

This plan embraces within its boundaries the space now 
included between Hamilton and Patroon streets, east of a 
line running about midway between Eagle and Lodge streets. 
We have not yet met with any documentary evidence that 
the stockade was extended to so large a compass. The 
gates within the memory of the oldest inhabitants were at 
Hamilton street on the south, and a little above Orange 
street on the north, on Broadway, but the stockades are 
supposed to have converged from those points to the fort in 
State street without taking in the north-west and south-west 
angles here described. There was a hospital occupying the 
site of the one indicated on the map, which is now the site 
of the Lutheran Church. The location of the fort has been 
described and pictured in the previous volumes. 




Annals of 1S62. 329 


Col. P. V. Shankland, formerly chamberlain of Albany, 
died at Pittsfield, Pike Co., Illinois, aged 49. He was clerk 
of the county. 


1. New Year. The rains and fogs the previous three or 
four days, produced a rise of water in the river and swept 
away the ice. The docks were inundated, and crossing at 
the ferries suspended. Early in the morning a canal boat 
passed down with the ice, having on board a woman and two 
children, who called for assistance, but the running ice was 
so formidable that no aid could be safely afforded. They 

were rescued safely at Castletoo A burglar entered the 

ofl&ce of the Albany State Register, broke open the door, 
desk, and drawers, but disdained to take away the few 

pennies that were in the latter Mary Louisa, wife of 

Wilson Purdy, died, aged 36. Louis Sporberg died atUtica, 
aged 45, and was buried on the 4th by the German mili- 
tary and lodges William A. Young sworn into office as 

city recorder, and A. D. Robinson as county judge Anew 

military association, composed of the staff and officers of the 
25th regiment, turned out to call in a body upon the go- 

2. Patrick Heary died, aged 35. Frederick W. Huxford 
died at Albion, Michigan. 

3. Adam A. Ramsey, some time a writer for the Daily 
Knickerbocker^ died at Jacksonville, Florida. Sarah Bar- 
nard, formerly of Albany, died atCobleskill, aged 20. 

4. Fire in Wiles's dry goods store, in the Dutch house 
corner of State and South Pearl, at an early hour in the 
morning, was extinguished with trifling damage to the 

building, but with almost a total loss of the goods A fire 

was discovered at the same time in Briare's saloon in 

Broadway The Rev. W. W. Moore, late pastor of the 

State Street Baptist Church, began his labors as pastor of 
the South Baptist Church, corner of Herkimer and Frank- 
lin streets. 

330 Annals of 1852. 

5. Mary, wife of Andrew Millan, died, aged 67. Mary, 
wife of Hugh Temple, died, aged 55. 

6. A total eclipse of the moon, rendered invisible by a 
snowstorm Peter Turner died, aged 60 Meet- 
ing of the legislature Elizabeth, widow of Henry 

Bleecker, died, aged 87. 

7. John Yertz, a German, aged 66, fell and fractured his 

skull, causing instant death, A fair held at Bleecker 

Hall for the benefit of the Orphan Asylum produced $3,249. 

8. The basement of the Centre Market, occupied as a fish 
market, was broken into and robbed of a few bad pennies 
left there. 

9. George Graves died, aged 82 The river was again 

bridged over with ice, so as to admit of being crossed by 
persons on foot. A man fell in, however, at a tender place, 
and was with difficulty rescued A democratic county con- 
vention met to appoint a delegate to attend the convention 
to be held at Baltimore to nominate a candidate for presi- 
dent. Erastus Corning nominated. 

10. Alfred Mayell died, aged 37. Mary, wife of Philip 

Dunn, died, aged 63 A party of Rocky Mountain Indians 

exhibited their customs and dress at Van Vechten Hall. 
Margaret, wife of Wm. Fowler, died, aged 76. 

11. The North Methodist Church, erected on the site of 
the old circus, was dedicated with the usual ceremonies, 
The edifice was built under the direction of L. Woollett, jr ., 
is 49 by 88 feet, capable of seating 700 persons, and cost, with 
the parsonage adjoining $10,000. 

12. A fire occurred about one o'clock in the morning in the 
basement of a boarding house in Water street, which was 

extinguished before it had done much damage Edward 

M. Cole died, aged 20. 

13. The mayor's oath of office administered to Eli Perry 
at his house, where he was confined by sickness. 

14. Samuel Waddy died, aged 50 The scientific 

department of the tJniversity opened with a lecture on 

Scientific Agriculture by Prof. Norton John Lee 

died, aged 22. Benjamin Bowers died, aged 56. Jane M., 
wife of George W. Palmer died, aged 22. 

15. Mary W., wife of Frederick G. Tucker, died. Augus- 
tus S Hillf3 died, aged 37. 

Annals of 1852. Sai 

16. Henry Herring died, aged 20. Benjamin W. Car- 
ter died, aged 55. 

17. The Spanish minister, M. Calderon de la Barca, ar- 
rived from Washington to intercede for the life of a young 
Spaniard convicted of murder A large* audience col- 
lected at the Hall of the Young Men's Association to wit- 
ness a vocal entertainment by Miss Greenfield, a negress, 
whose performances were of unusual excellence. 

18. Mrs. Fanny Munger died, aged 71 The ther- 
mometers marked from 6 deg. down to during the day, 
and what was more remarkable at so low a temperature, it 
snowed steadily all day and night. 

19. The first train on the Harlem Rail Road came through 
with a few invited guests, who took dinner at Congress 
Hall, there being no other celebration of the event; except 

a smash caused bv running into another train Mrs. 

Gloranah Pruyn died, aged 61. 

20. Julius Rhoades died Meeting of the State Ag- 
riculture Society Thermometers ranged from 8 to 15° 

below in the morning. 

21. The State x\gricultural Society held its annual meet- 
ing Thermometer 5 deg. below zero in the morning. 

22. Mary Jane Neely died, aged 24 Thermometer 

5 deg. below zero in the morning William John Bat- 

tersby, a native of Albany, died at Rochester, aged 20. 

23. Thermometer below zero in the morning. Began to 
moderate during the day. 

24 Warren C. Norris, formerly of Albany, was killed at 
San Francisco, California, in a fracas. 

26. A fire at night partially destroyed a wooden building, 
corner of Green and Hudson streets. 

27. The State Temperance society met at the Pearl street 

Baptist church, to hold its semi-annual session Eugene 

Sullivan died, aged 35. 

28. The Temperance societies of the city and a large dele- 
gation from abroad, formed a procession and marched to 
the Capitol, preceded by a band of music and the Repub- 
lican Artillery. The Capitol not admitting the whole of the 
procession, a part marched off and orgaoized at the State 
street Baptist church. 

29. Ann, wife of William Patrick, died, aged 86 

Tryphena Case died, aged 22. 

332 A7inals of 1852. 

31. By the report of the directors of the Albany and 
Schenectady Rail Road Company it appeared that the receipts 
for the year were $260,041.07 ; the expenses of operating 
the road $102,611.49 ; interest, tolls, improvements, &c., 
$68,145.42. The dividends were $75,000, leaving a surplus 

of $14,284.16 Mrs. Rebecca Hays died, ^aged 69, 

widow of the late Solomon Hays. 


2. John Gott died, aged 68. 

This fine old gentlemen, who has been identified for 
nearly half a century with the interests of this city, and 
whose presence and name were as familiar to the risen and 
rising generation as long standing could make them, went 
yesterday, to his long home, ripe in years, regretted by num- 
bers, and leaving behind him the pleasantest odor of a good 
name. Mr. Gott was a Green Mountain boy, having been 
born in Vermont in 1786. When quite young, while Ver- 
mont was still reckoned as within the county of Albany, his 
parents moved into this state, and settled in Tryon county, 
then a wilderness embracing the whole western and northern 
parts of this state. In 1799 Mr. G. removed to Albany, and 
for a long time acted as clerk to Mr. George Pierson, a 
gentlemen well known to the snufF takers of the last century, 
and whose memory is still cherished with deserved respect. 
At Mr. Pierson's death Mr. Gott associated with him, in the 
tobacco business, the late Mathew Kline, purchased his late 
employer's interest in the factory and fixtures, and commenced 
business for himself. When Mr. Kline died, Mr. Gott con- 
tinued the business in his own name. Until nearly the 
time of his death, he occupied the same old premises; the 
factory in James street being the identical building that he 
entered with the freshness of boyhood half a century since. 
As the Dutchman^ from whose columns we procure the above 
facts, observes, " Mr. Gott was probably the only Vermouter 
of whom history has any knowledge, that ever remained 
fifty years in any one place. " An old and thriving mer- 
chant, a valuable citizen, an honest man, Mr. Gott's quiet 
modesty and retirement kept him aloof from politics, and 
from offices of distinction, where his integrity would have 
done good sevice. His business capacity and perseverance 

Annals of 1S5± 333 

elevated him, and his nice sense of honor and pure integ- 
rity maintained him, in an enviable position, in the esteem 
of those whose opinions are really valuable. Of all the 
quiet old gentlemen v^ho have faded away within the last 
few years, none wiU be more kindly remembered than Mr. 
Gott. Peace to his ashes. — Enichtrhocker. 

William Lansing died, aged 18. 

8. Anna, wife of Alexander Norris, died, aged 20. 

4. Semi-annual exercises of the pupils of the Albany 
Academy, held at Van Vechten Hall. The Caldwell and 
Van Rensselaer medals awarded to John Bogart, jr., who 
was the first student to carry ofi" both. 

5. Election of officers of the Young Men's Association ; 
Theodore Townsend elected president Closing exer- 
cises of the semi-annual examination at the Normal School 
James Neely died at Jacksonville, Florida, aged 27. 

6. Mary L. J. Wilson died. 

7. Sylvanus J. Penniman died, aged 71. One by one, 
the ripe old citizens of the past, the well known hale old 
gentlemen who were recognized as aged in our earliest days 
of youth, and who have marked the impress of time upon 
our city for the better part of a century — one by one they 
vanish from among us — one by one Death gathers them in, 
and the places that knew them, know them no more. Last 
week we chronicled, with regret, the demise of the late 
John Gott ; we are now called upon to render a due tribute 
to the memory of Sylvanus J. Penniman, another landmark 
of the past, and one whose honest industry and integrity 
accumulated here such fortune and respect as true merit 
ever deserves. An attempt to trace, minutely, the chequered 
career of this well known citizen, would run over the whole 
field of enterprise, and consume more space than we are able 
to aflford ; for there is, perhaps, no branch of industry, no 
pursuit in the whole catalogue of various business, with 
which Mr. Penniman has not been at some period of his life 
identified. He was the son of a New England farmer, and 
one of a numerous family of sons and daughters, though 
none besides himself known to present fame. His birth 
place was the town of Meriden, in the county of Worcester, 
and state of Massachusetts, where he first saw the light in 
the year 1780. The advantages of a district school, com- 

834 Annals of 1852, 

prised the whole of his early education. Leaving home 
about the age of twenty-one to seek his fortune, he made a 
temporary sojourn at Troy; subsequently spent some time 
among the Green Mountains in Vermont, and at length, 
about the year 1803, established himself in a small book 
bindery in the village of Lansingburgh. Several specimens 
of his industry at this period are still extant, and do credit 
to his skill and taste. Here, he was but a short time settled 
ere he married Miss Fitch of Connecticut, who has been the 
sharer of his cares and fortunes for the last fifty years. For- 
saking book binding, after a sufficient trial of its merits, 
he entered into the business of tanning, on the river, near 
Lansingburgh, having, as foreman of his establishment, our 
worthy ex-mayor, Friend Humphrey. Finding his tannery 
rather a losing speculation, Mr, Penniman soon surrendered 
the business into the hands of Russell Forsyth, taking in 
exchange therefor, the drug and medicine store of Dr. F. 
This business transaction, which occurred just previous to 
the war of 1812, proved most fortunate and lucrative to the 
subject of our notice. On the declaration of war, the ad- 
vance in the price of opium and other drugs, became enor- 
mous, and secured an abundant harvest to the quondam tan- 
ner. About 1823, he resolved to emigrate to Albany; and 
accordingly, transported his stock to this city, and continued 
the business here until 1832; his residence, for a part of 
the time, being the beautiful country seat of the Van Rens- 
selaer family below G-reenbush. In the year 1832 he sold 
out the entire concern to the late firm of J. & A. McClure. 
Freed from the mortar and pestle, Mr. P. now entered 
with all the energy of his spirit, and his vast business ex- 
perience into the oil business, with which he has been actively 
identified ever since. But a short period elapsed, before 
the public saw him actively engaged in an unbloody but 
determined battle with certain rogues of oil mixers, who 
then contrived to enjoy a monopoly, and carriedo n an inde- 
pendent system of imposition on the public. He had invented 
and constructed with great ingenuity, a little brass instru- 
ment called the oilometer, for the purpose of testing the 
purity of oil, &c. Against all the influence and exertions 
of a host of roguish opposers, Mr. P. procured the passage 
of a legislative enactment, making this little instrument a 

Annals of 1852. 335 

legal test, and providing a five years residence in the state 
prison for all dishonest dealers in oil. Time and again, 
the combined forces of oil dealers have been marshaled to 
the Capitol for the overthrow of this law, but in vain. 
The old hero has always met, and vanquished them. 
About five years since, he retired from active life to enjoy 
the evening of his days amid the quiet of domestic life. His 
eldest son James is known as one of the most opulent mer- 
chants of New York. One of his daughters is the widow of 
Phineas Smith, Esq., brother of Hon. Truman Smith, U. S. 
senator from Connecticut. Mr. Penniman's personal habits 
were accurately primitive. He always did his own market- 
ing, and always carried it home, and in this respect, as in a 
thousand others, was a model for the young sprouts, who 
blush now a days at the sight of a bundle. He was a strik- 
ing instance of what indomitable perseverance and exertion 
will accomplish in spite of all obstacles. Peace to his 
ashes. — Knickerbocker. 
Mrs. Mary Gould died, aged 75, relict of the late William 

Gould A burglar was arrested in attempting to break 

into a house in Broadway. 

8. A fire in Green street burned a wooden building and a 
shoemaker's stock, at an early hour in the morning. In the 
evening another alarm arose from a fire at the corner of 
Maiden lane and Dean street, which was soon extin- 
guished P. V. Watson, formerly of Albany, died at Jer- 
sey City. 

9. Paul T. Taber, M.D., formerly of Albany, died in 
Buchanan County, Missouri. 

11. A fire discovered in the evening at No. 32 Hudson 
street, was got under before it had done much damage. 

12. Mrs. Rebecca Bulson died The recent mild wea- 
ther and heavy rains caused a rise of water in the river, 
which submerged the docks. 

14. Mrs. Martha French died, aged 89 A fire in Bas- 
set street destroyed a carpenter shop and stable. 

15. Mrs. Alice Newton died, aged 95. 

16. Two burglars arrested in the act of breaking into the 
Middle Dutch church, for the purpose of carrying ofi" the 
communion service. 

836 Annals of 1852. 

17. A meeting of scientific gentlemen was convened by 
invitation of the Legislature, to deliberate and report a plan 
for the organization of a national university. Hon. Amasa 

Parker, chairman, T. Romeyn Beck, secretary Mrs. 

Murray died, aged 90. Anthony Van Santvoord died, aged 

19. Eveline 0. Lansingh died, aged 20 Splendid au- 
rora borealis. The weather at the time very cold and a high 
wind prevailing. 

20. Harriet Woodworth died. 

22. Mrs. Dorothy De Witt died, aged 83. Datus E. Frost 
died, aged 26. 

23. A posse of twenty-two policemen went out to the Hel- 
derberg to capture certain A nti- Renters who had been con- 
cerned in tarring and feathering Mr, Fish some months 
before, and returned with two prisoners by the name of 
Turner, although they were attacked by a large party of 

Anti-Renters, with weapons The anniversary of the 

birthday of Washington celebrated by a procession and other 

appropriate demonstrations A meeting of the young men 

of the city was held at the City Hall, which organized a 
society entitled the Hungarian Liberty Association^ a con- 
stitution was adopted and officers were elected. 

24. A fire early in the morning destroyed a clothing store 
and bail alley in South Broadway. In the evening an alarm 
from a house in North Pearl street, where only a kitchen 

curtain was burnt Richard H. M. Whitney died, aged 

18. William Walsh, a foreigner, died, aged 65. 

25. Mr. Taber of the Senate, introduced a bill to incor- 
porate a company to construct a tunnel under the Hudson 
river at Albany. 

26. John Kimball died, aged 56 The Regents of the 

University made their annual distribution of the literature 
fund, amounting to $40,000. Of this sum $298.69 was ap- 
propriated to the Albany Academy, and $509,41 to the Female 
Academy, and $169.82 to the Female Seminary; total 
$977.91 for the support and encouragement of education in 
three of our city institutions. 

28. The House of Assembly after a night of stormy de- 
bate, on the subject of a contested seat, adjourned at 5 
o'clock in the morning, when the seat of Col. Snow of the 

A7inals of 1852. 337 

16th district was declared vacant by a democratic majority... 
Mrs. Jane Floy died, aged 63. 

29. Cornelia T., wife of Lewis Wiles, died, aged 31. Mrs. 
Anna Defreest died, aged 51. 

* March. 

2. Hugh McGrath died, aged 33. 

3. Mrs. Catharine P., wife of Anthony L. Harrison, died. 
Sarah Jane McAlister died, aged 16. Catharine Dooner died. 

4. Eliza McFarlane died, aged 24. 

6. The Bethlehem Washington Guards, a new German 
company, made a parade. In the afternoon a riot grew out 
of the affair, a party of boys having offered insult to some 
of the Guards, and the police were called out Alex- 
ander Brennan died, aged 82. 

8. Meeting of the young men of the city at the rooms of 
the Young Men's Association, on the subject of the Uni- 
versity, at which Frederick W. Seward presided. 

9. Alexander Borthwick died, aged 75. 

10. The gun store of 0. Churchill robbed of goods early 

in the morning William Doggett died, aged 53 A 

span of horses and a loaded wagon broke through the ice 
and were lost, the driver barely escaping with his life. 

11. Alarm of fire at night caused by the burning of a 
chimney Meeting at the Capitol on behalf of the Uni- 
versity, which was addressed by Prof. Mitchell. 

12. Michael Mannin died, aged 78. 

13. Eveliue M,, wife of C. L. Underner, died, aged 25. 

14. The ice moved down a little distance below the city. 

15. The heavy rain of the preceding day, raised the 
water above the docks, and the ice in the river moved 
down to Castleton, where a great barrier had been formed 
at a previous freshet. The ice from the upper stream 
passed down during the day in great quantities. 

16. Joshua G. Dix died, aged 48. Thomas Hall died, 
aged 42. 

17. St. Patrick's day celebrated with unusual ceremonies. 
Helen, wife of Patrick Nally, died, aged 65. 

18. George G. Brown died, aged 48. 

19. St. Joseph's Day celebrated by the St. Joseph's 
Friends Society, a German association instituted for be- 

Annalsj iv. 29 

338 Annals of 1852. 

nevolent purposes, who marched in procession, with a band 
of music, to the church of the Holy Cross, and took part 

in the religious services of the day Amelia, wife of 

John Meigs, jr., late of Albany, died at Milwaukie. 

About this time the governors of the hospital purchased 
the Jail for $9000. The old Green street Baptist Church 
was purchased by a theatrical company for $6000, after 
having been a church forty years. It was built in 1811, 
and used as a theatre during the war with Great Britain. 

22. William P. Bailey died, aged 42. 

23. Sarah, wife of Peter Van Loon, died, aged 76. John 

Donaghey died, aged 24 The store of Michael Dowd 

took fire about 4 o'clock in the morning, but was extin- 
guished with slight damage Martha, wife of William 

McMillen died, aged 41. Jane Eliza, wife of Henry D. 
Smethurst died, aged 29. 

26. The confectionery establishment of J. R. Yernam in 
North Pearl street entered by burglars and the safe robbed. 

27. Mrs. Richard Bulger died, aged 28. John Bulger 
died, aged 35. 

28. Steam boat Nimrod arrived ; thirteen days after the 
clearing away of the ice before the city Samuel Chand- 
ler died, aged 63. Mrs. Maria Shaw, widow of the late 
Jonathan Shaw, died, aged 65. Mrs Harriette M. Johnson 
died at Utica, daughter of the late John D. P. Douw. 

29. Francis Leonard died, aged 32 A meeting of the 

Common Council to consider the project of loaning the 
bonds of the city to the amount of one million, to aid the 
construction of the Albany and Susquehanna Rail Road. 
The subject, after an animated discussion, was laid on the 

table indefinitely, 11 to 10 Ann George died, aged 38. 

Phillis Topp died, aged 64, 

30. Hugh Denniston, aged 57. 


1. Caleb Benjamin died, aged 84. William Brownlow 
died, aged 24. 

2. William Leggat died, aged 52. Joseph Henry Peck- 
ham died, aged 17. 

4. Mrs. Margaret Higgins, formerly of Albany, died at 

Annals of 1S52, 339 

5 John D. Hewson died, aged 63. He held the offices 
of alderman, supervisor and loan commissioner at the time 
of his death, and was a man of irreproachable character. 
Mrs. Jubal T. Russell died. Mrs. Catharine McGee died, 
aged 37. 

9. Benjamin L. Wallace died, aged 55. 

7. Catharine, wife of John Steelman died, aged 26. 
Charles Gilchrist died The ceremony of the present- 
ation of a new scroll {sepher torali) was held at the syna- 
gogue Bethel in Herkimer street. The scroll consisted of 
the five books of Mose?, written in Hebrew. 

10. John Griifin died, aged 27. 

13. The Legislature adjourned at half past 9 in the 
morning, having sat 24 hours without any recess, an unpre- 
cedented feat in legislation. 

14. Mrs. Nancy Van Emburgh died, aged 64. Margaret, 
wife of Anthony McGuire, died, aged 32. 

15. Snow storm. 

16. Flood submerged the docks Margaret, wife of 

William Sands,- died, aged 35. Mrs. Helen Thompson died, 
aged 62. Loren P. Fairman died in California. 

17- The Legislature adjourned at half-past five in the 
morning, having continued in session 102 days, and two 
whole nights. 

18. Elizabeth Hale died, aged 53. Mary Kane died, 
aged 18. 

19. John Murray died. Elizabeth, wife of John Neville, 
died. John Frazer died. 

20. Erie Canal opened for navigation. Less business 
than usual on account of the heavy rain storms and high 

water The new board of Common Council took their 

seats and elected officers for the ensuing year The work- 
men commenced laying the foundation of the First Baptist 
Church on the corners of Hudson, Philip and Plain streets. 

21. The docks and pier submerged again Mrs. Jane, 

widow of the late James Carmichael, died, aged 77. Mar- 
garet Gunn died, aged 19. 

22. A meeting of citizens at the Capitol, in relation to 
the Susquehanna Rail Road ; G. Y. Lansing, pres., E. 
Corning and 34 others, vice presidents, J. I. Werner and 18 
others, secretaries Allen Brown, formerly and for a long 

340 Annals o/1852. 

time a mercliant in Albany, died at Roxbury. Peter Van 
Loon died, aged 78. 

23. Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer, of Cherry Hill, died, 
aged 78. 

Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer, long known in the 
history of the city and state, by his civil and military posi- 
tion and services, died yesterday afternoon at his residence 
at Cherry Hill, a short distance below the city. He was in 
the 78th year of his age. His death was sudden, he having 
maintained the vigor of his constitution through a long life 
of hard service and some suffering. In the sketch below, 
which we take from the State Register, the reader will find 
an ample record of the main incidents of his eventful life. 
One passage is omitted (perhaps rightly so) that might have 
illustrated the degree of animosity which once prevailed in 
politics — a drama of partizan violence and virulence in 
which the first men in the state figured. We do not allude to 
it now, except because it was so much in contrast with the 
relations which his political adversaries bore to him in after 
life. Though a federalist, he was appointed to office under 
Monroe, and retained by his successors, Jackson and Van 
Buren, till the removal of the Democratic state ofl&cers by 
the Whig legislature, and the sweeping change made in the 
Departments of the state, induced Mr. Van Buren to appoint 
Mr. Flagg to the post-office. Restored by Harrison, with 
whom he was in relations of intimacy, he was removed at 
the instance of his Whig associates, by Tyler. His claims 
on Gen. Taylor were regarded as of great force, but the fact 
did not secure his appointment; and he fared no better un- 
der his National Whig successor, the present incumbent of 
the chief Executive chair. He was unswerving in his po- 
litical views and attachments, and the demeanor of his 
political adversaries towards him was an acknowledgment 
of the value and extent of his public services. — Atlas. 

Gen Solomon Van Rensselaer was born in the town 
of Greenbush, and in the old Genet Mansion, at the foot of 
the hill, half a mile back from the river, and about three 
miles from this city. His father was Gen. Henry K. Van 
Rensselaer, who fought with great ardor and distinction in 
the Revolutionary war, and was desperately wounded at the 
battle of Fort Ann, Washington county, in this state. This 

■ An7ials of 1852. 341 

action has never occupied the place in the history of that 
war which its importance entitles it to. It occurred several 
days before the great battle which resulted in the defeat and 
surrender of Burgoyne, on Bemis's Heights, and was swal- 
lowed up and forgotten in the superior brilliance and im- 
portance of that decisive conflict. It was maintained for an 
entire day by a force of about 1,000 men, against an advanced 
brigade of Burgoyne's army, and was a series of desperate 
and bloody skirmishes. It was fought by order of Gen. 
Schuyler, who felt the importance of checking the enemy's 
advance at that point. Gen., then Col. Henry K. Van 
Rensselaer, commanded a regiment of 500 men, which was 
entirely mustered on the Van Rensselaer Manor. The stand 
taken by them held Burgoyne in check an entire day, and 
enabled Schuyler to remove artillery and stores from Fort 
George, strengthen his position on Bemis's Heights, and gain 
invaluable time. But it nearl ycost the brave Van Rens- 
selaer his life. As he was rising from a kneeling position, 
after firing a fuzee, he received a musket ball in his thigh, 
which passed down to his knee. The ball was afterwards 
removed by a surgeon, by a most frightful operation, and 
he never entirely recovered from the frightful wound. So 
close and desperate was the encounter, that he lay many 
hours after he fell within hearing of the groans of Col. 
Armstrong, of the British army, who was also badly wounded. 
Gen. H. K. Van Rensselaer afterwards lived for many 
years in this city, and died here some 28 years since, at the 
age of about 76 years. Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer in- 
herited the military disposition and dauntless heroism of 
his father. At the early age of 18 he was appointed a 
cornet in a company of dragoons, mustered in Greenbush, 
and joined the army under the command of Gen. x\nthony 
Wayne. Before he was 20 he was promoted to the command 
of a troop. In the battle of Miami, August, 1794, under 
" Mad Anthony," he received a terrible wound through the 
lungs, which was supposed to be mortal, but which his 
youth and vigorous constitution enabled him to surmount. 
How he acquitted himself, the despatches of Gen. Wayne 
bear ample and conclusive testimony. He suffered greatly 
from the effects of this wound until 1797, when he was com- 
missioned by Gen. Wilkinson, at Philadelphia, to perform 

342 Annals o/1852. 

a delicate and dangerous military duty, which he promptly and 
satisfactorily discharged. He was also particularly noticed 
by Gen. Washington, and raised by him to the command of a 
squadron of cavalry, after a personal interview with that 
great man. 

After the disbanding of portions of the army took place, 
Greu. Van Rensselaer was appointed adjutant-general of this 
state, under Governor John Jay. This appointment he held 
during the respective administrations of his successors. Go- 
vernors George Clinton and Morgan Lewis, for nine years 
during Gov. Tompkins's administration, and for nearly the 
whole period of Gov. De Witt Clinton's, which latter period 
was subsequent to the time he rendered such important and 
brilliant service in his country's behalf, in the capacity of 
aid to Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer (the late Patroon) who 
was appointed by Governor Tompkins to take command of 
the forces raised for the defence of the northern and wes- 
tern frontiers of this state, in 1812. The history of that 
campaign is well known to every reader familiar with the 
events of the last war, as it is called. 

The brilliant, but unfortunate battle of Queenstown, was 
fought on the IBth of October. The plan of it was simple 
and soldier-like, and, if it had been carried out in full, would 
have resulted in a brilliant and decisive victory. As it was, 
the force under Col. Solomon Van Rensselaer, contending 
with greatly superior numbers, stormed and carried the fort. 
The gallant Colonel fell, riddled with wounds, and bleeding 
profusely, but cheered with the shouts of victory. But the 
reinforcements neglecting to cross the river at the proper 
time, the enemy came up in superior force, and the fort was 
retaken, and Van Rensselaer's troops were obliged to re- 

Ensign Morris was killed, and Capts. Malcolm, Armstrong 
and Wool, were wounded in this action. Col. Solomon Van 
Rensselaer received a ball in his hip, which passed out at 
his spine, two in his thigh, one of which lodged — and which 
he carried to the day of his death — two in his leg and a 
sixth contused his heel. With all these he kept his feet 
until the enemy fled towards the town, and Capt, Wool, by 
his orders, ascended the mountain and carried the battery. 
During this time he had concealed his wounds under a great 

A7inals of 1S^2, 343 

coat borrowed' from Maj. Lush; and when the party filed 
ofi" before him, unable any longer to stand, he fell to the 
ground, about daylight, among the dying and the dead, and 
was only prevented from fainting by a crust of bread and a 
cup of water, furnished by one of the former. While in 
this situation, the shouts of victory reached him from the 
hill, and remunerated him for all his sufferings. 

This closed his active military life: and we have only 
room to just glance at his subsequent career. 

He was elected to Congress from this district — the year 
we do not recollect — and served his term faithfully and 
ably. At its close he received — we believe, under Mon- 
roe's administration — the commission of post master of 
this city, which he held under the successive administrations 
of Adams and Jackson. He was removed by Van Buren. 
In 1839, he was the Albany District Delegate to the Whig 
National Convention at Harrisburgh, Pa., and was one of 
the delegates from this state who cast his vote for his old 
companion in arms, G-en. Harrison. He had the satisfaction 
to see that gallant soldier and pure statesman nominated 
for and elected to the presidency, and from him received 
again the appointment of post master of this city, which he 
held until removed by Tyler. Since that time, he has not 
been in public life, and has resided with his family at 
Cherry Hill. 

James Duncan died, aged 49. Elijah Hubbard, for many 
years a merchant tailor in South Market street, died at Ft. 
Edward, where he was stationed as a Methodist preacher, a 
profession he had followed twelve years. 

24. Mrs. Rosanna Murray died, aged 52. Samuel Crane 
died, aged 78. 

25. Mary Ann Boom died, aged 38. 

26. The funeral of Gen Solomon Van Rensselaer attended 
from Cherry Hill by the military and a large concourse of 

people By the spring arrangements of the Hudson 

River Rail Road, the New York papers were received at 
half-past ten in the forenoon, instead of coming up by the 

afternoon steam boat, at three or four o'clock Margaret 

Catharine Veeder died, aged 26. 

27. James Dey Ermand, jr., died, aged 27 The oflSce 

of Clement Warren in Water street robbed of its most valu- 
able effects at mid- day. 

344 Annals of 1852. 

28- Mrs. Ann Fitzgerald died, aged 47. Ellen McGuire 
died, aged 48. Daniel S. Newton, formerly of Albany, 
died at Kilback, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. 

29. Margaret Horn died, aged 32. Owen Ward died, 
aged 80. Mrs. Betsey Drohan died. 

30. By the report of the chief of police, John Morgan, 
it appeared that during the three mouths past, 734 arrests 
were made by the police ; 698 destitute accommodated with 
lodgings ; S2500 counterfeit money seized ; arrests by 
police constables 312, making 1,046 arrests. But 3 fires 

occurred The whole amount of money raised by tax for 

the city and county expenses, was 8191,769. 


1. John Johnson died, aged 54, 

2. John H. Nichols died, aged 26. 

3. Mrs. Elizabeth Williamson died, aged 77. William 
Scorsby died, aged 37. 

4. Mrs. Harriet M., wife of Thomas J. Dobbs, died, aged 

21 A fire occurred in Norton street, which destroyed 

several wooden buildings, including the dwelling and bath- 
ing establishment of Dr. Dean The office of Cofi'ee, 

Bruce & Turner, Van Rensselaer's dock, was entered by 
burglars and robbed of valuable articles. 

5. The hair dressing establishment of J. W. Blanchard 
in Broadway, was entered by burglars, about three o'clock 

in the morning, and several articles taken away 3Iargaret 

L. Bleecker, wife of Henry A. Allen, died, aged 43. Mrs. 
Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Leonard, died, aged 79. 

6. James O'Donnell died, aged 40 An unknown man, 

supposed to be a German, threw himself into the river at 

the foot of Westerlo street, and was drowned Bridget 

Lane died, aged 40. Charity Pangburn died, aged 73. 

8. Samuel S. Peck died, aged 48. Mrs. A. B. Hutchin- 
son, daughter of the late George Wilcox of Albany, died at 
Jersey City. 

9. A thunder showej, during which a house in Lydius 

street was struck by lightning A burglary in William 

street Ann, wife of Abram E. Jackson, formerly of 

Albany, died in New York. 

A7i7ials of 1852. 345 

10. There was a rise in the river occasioned by the melt- 
ing of snow at the upper sources at this late season. The 

docks were nearly submerged William McElroy died, 

aged 34. 

11. Betsey, widow of John Buckman, died, aged 55. 

12. Edward Murry died, aged 41. 

13. Mrs. Mary Kane, aged 29, widow of the late John 
Innes Kane, and daughter of the late Leonard Kip of New 
York, was buried from St. Paul's Church. 

14. Catharine, wife of Martin Stalker, died, aged 31. 

15. A man fell from the steam boat Hendrik Hudson 
and was drowned 

16. Lemuel Sherwoo.d died, aged 68 A mad bull was 

killed in Arch street, and a mad dog shot in Dove street. 

17. There were upwards of 80 sail of vessels in port. 

18. Kossuth, the Hungarian exile, arrived by the eastern 
train in the afternoon, and was received by the military and 
citizens, and escorted through the city to Congress Hall, 
where he was addressed by Gov. Hunt. 

19. Joel J. Kibbe died, aged 38. 

20. Louis Kossuth made a brief address at the Third 

Presbyterian church, to an audience of about 800 A 

meeting was held at the Capitol, of the opponents of the 
loan of the city credit to the Albany and Susquehanna Rail 
Road, the mayor in the chair A meeting of German citi- 
zens was held and a society organized for the protection of 
emigrants against frauds on their arrival in the city. 

21. James Hannah died, aged 55. Elizabeth, wife of 
James Jackson died, aged 36. Mrs. Kerin died. Mrs^ 

Mary Ann Ward died, aged 43 Kossuth left the city by 

rail road to Niagara, having received material aid to the 
amount of about $2000 in Albany Mrs. Lydia C Pick- 
ering died, aged 35. 

22. The river had subsided to its ordinary level for the 
first time since the 25th March, a period of 57 days. .i... A 
meeting of the friends of the loan of the city credit to the 
Albany and Susquehanna Rail Road was held at the Capi- 
tol. John Townsend in the chair Christopher Streeter, 

formerly of Albany, died at Delavan, Wisconsin, aged 48. 

24. Mary Farrell died, aged 40 Mrs. Margaret Ashton 

846 Annals of 1SS2. 

26. John Donovan died, aged 52. Abram P. Johnson 
died, aged 21. 

27. William H. Rawson died, aged 20. Mary McEntee 
died, aged 75. 

28. Elizabeth Hiney died, aged 75. Eebecea Beebe died, 
aged 80 At a meeting of the trustees of the Dudley Ob- 
servatory the following ofl&cers were elected : Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, president ; Thomas W. Olcott, vice-president ; 
0. M. Mitchell, cor. secretary; J. H. Armsby, rec. sec; 
Isaac W. Vosburg, treasurer. Plans of the Observatory 
building were presented by Mr. Downing, and the following ap- 
pointed building committee: John N. Wilder, E. Wickes and 
John R. Tibbets of Troy Elizabeth Judson died, aged 69. 

30. Bridget, wife of John J. Gaffney died, aged 68. 


1. A meeting of citizens was held at the City Hall to con- 
sider the matter of tendering to Thomas Francis Meagher, 
the Irish exile, a public welcome to the capital of the state. 
Speeches were made, aiid a committee appointed to arrange 
the reception James Donovan died, aged 19. 

2. Sarah Hoffman, wife of John M B. Davidson, died, 
aged 22. Harman W. Elmendorf died, aged 35. Eliza- 
beth Linacre died, aged 65. 

5. Kossuth addressed the Young Men's Hungarian Asso- 
ciation at Association Hall, which was well filled with peo- 
ple, and beautifully decorated. He stated that this was 
probably the conclusion of his wanderings in America. The 
amount of material aid which he had received in Albany 
was about $2,200. The exercises were opened by prayer by 
Rabbi Wise, the first occasion, perhaps, at which a Jew 

officiated in a similar capacity in x^lbany Ebenezer J. 

Don died, aged 20. Sarah Murphy died, aged 61. 

6. A wooden building in Wilson street, probably fired by 
an incendiary, was burned to the ground about 2 o'clock in 
the morning It has been unusual of late years to men- 
tion quick trips of sloops, so much greater is the speed of 
steam boats. The sloop Capitol, Captain Hawkins arrived 
at the dock, at 11 o'clock at night, having made a trip to 
Providence and' back in 7 days and 9 hours, including two 
days deteotion at Providence, unloading her cargo of corn 
and flour, and taking in return cargo. 

Annals of 1862. 3 17 

9. The Common Council revised the law requiring dogs 

to be muzzled Kossuth left the city for New York in 

the morning steam boat Alida. 

9. Mrs. Anna Lansing died, aged 88. 

10. A large building in progress of erection on North 
Ferry street for a steam planing mill, was blown down, kill- 
ing one of the workmen and wounding four others 

Britton B. Tallman died, aged 54. Mrs. Catharine Hewitt 
died, aged 38. 

11. The grand jury presented the pond on the west side 
of Lark street, corner of Lancaster, as a public nuisance, 
arising from its stagnation, and from being the receptacle 
of dead animals and garbage. This was formerly the head 
of Kutten kil, and its condition a good many years ago, 
before the ravine was filled up, gave rise to an article in the 
Temperance Recorder^ which led to a libel suit between Mr. 
E. C. Delavan and the brewers. The water had long been 

used for malting Mrs. Christina Laramer died, aged 80. 

Lewis Aspinwall, formerly of Albany, died in New York, 
aged 60 The south wall of White's malt house, a build- 
ing six stories high, on North Ferry street, fell in, and 
several men who were at work in taking it down, were 

severely injured William Irwin, formerly of Albany, 

died at New Orleans of cholera, aged 29. Mrs. Emily 
White died, aged 40. 

14. A new express train commenced running from New 
York to BuflFalo in 14 hours. The train which left New 
York at 5 A. M. arrived at the depot on this side at 10 

minutes past 10, and arrived at Buffalo at 8 P. M Isaac 

L. Weaver died, aged 41. 

15. Thermometer 95 on the shady side of State street. 

Mrs. Jane Radley died, aged 53. Mrs. Carohne 

Hutchinson died, aged 27. 

16. Thermometer 96 on south side State street Mag- 

dalena Wynkoop died, aged 63 Five burglaries were 

found to have been committed during the night. 

17. Mrs. Mary E Grimes died, aged 21. 

20. Sophia, wife of John S. Hughes, died at Buffalo, aged 
40, late of Albany. 

21. The new steam boat Francis Skiddy arrived from 
New York,...., John Gallien died, aged 30. 

348 Annals of 1852. 

24. Jeannie, wife of Joseph Warren, died, aged 23. 

27 An accidental fire destroyed the Albany Nail Works, 
on the opposite side of the river, near Troy, owned by 
Messrs. Corning & Winslow. The loss of property was 
about $50,000, which was insured 3 and more than 200 
workmen were deprived of their customary occupation. 

29. Depeyster D. Austin, late of Albany, drowned at 
Memphis, Tenn., aged 19. 

80. The new steam boat Francis Skiddy made the pas- 
sage up from New York in 7h. 25m.; or 6h. 55|m., deduct- 
ing time lost at landings. 


1. Richard Finn died, aged 22. Mrs. Ellen Early 
died, aged 37 Store No. 700 Broadway opened by bur- 
glars at night Mrs. Catharine Rubey died. 

3. James Stevenson, an estimable citizen,- died, aged 65. 
He held the office of mayor, and other trusts, with credit 
to himself, and to the satisfaction of his constituents 

Mr. Stevenson was born in this city, and after completing 
his education, which was thorough aod liberal, pursued the 
study of the law with the late John V. Henry, of this city, 
and was subsequently admitted to the bar. Being early 
possessed of a competency, he paid but little attention to 
his profession, and soon became deeply interested in the 
welfare of his native city. After having repeatedly served 
as a member of the Common Council, he was in 1826 ap- 
pointed Mayor, and held that office till 1828 — succeeding 
the late Ambrose Spencer, and being in turn succeeded by 
Hon. Charles E. Dudley. And from that period down to 
within a few weeks of his death, he had ever been found 
practically and usefully interested in every local enterprise. 
The last capacity in which he served the city was as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Water Commissioners for Albany, and 
his resignation was caused by his declining health. In this 
as in every other station held by him, he rendered prompt 
and valuable services. 

He was for many years an officer of St. Peter's Church, a 
trustee of the Albany Academy for more than thirty years, 
and a member of the Albany Institute. 

Annals of 1S62. 349 

The death of Mr. Stevenson will not be less generally 
mourned, than long and widely felt in our city. Though 
his manners were so unobtrusive as to render him less 
prominent than many whose usefulness and activity could 
not compare with his, yet his departure will be realized in 
a thousand ways, for his life was a busy one, and of practi- 
cal usefulness. 

The remarks of Aid. Dexter in the Common Council on 
Saturday, and the resolutions submitted by him in reference 
to the death of Mr. Stevenson, so eloquently and truthfully 
sum up the virtues that adorned the character of the de- 
ceased, that we have nothing to add, save tl^at his loss is 
truly an irreparable one, creating a void that may not be 
filled ; for he was one of the 'few surviving members of that 
once large class of polished, high toned, old fashioned 
gentlemen who, in years gone by lent such a lustre, and shed 
such a delightful and genial influence upon social life in 
Albany. With integrity above reproach, a character of 
spotless purity, and perfect suavity of manners, combined 
with true dignity, James Stevenson nobly represented the 
gentlemen of the old school, passed through a long life with 
uninterrupted honor, and has gone down to his grave uni- 
versally admired and lamented. — Register. 

Charles E. Simmons, aged 17, drowned by falling off a 
sloop Mrs. Christina Andrew died, aged 79. 

5. The anniversary was celebrated as usual by the citi- 
zens in the morning, J. I. Werner, Esq., orator ; and in the 
afternoon by the Young Men's Association, S. Gr. Courtney, 

Esq., orator A fire broke out in a building in North 

Pearl street, which burnt off the roof. The remains of 

Henry Clay were received at the steam boat landing at ten 
o'clock at night, and escorted by torch-light to the City Hall 

by the military and fire companies The Theatre in Green 

street reopened, after an interyal of nearly 40 years, during 
which it was used as a Baptist church. 

6. The remains of Henry Clay were escorted to the rail 
road by the Burgesses Corps, and accompanied by them to 

Syracuse Mrs. Caty Shepherd, who died in New York 

on the 4th, aged 65, was buried in Albany. ...,.An alarm of 
fire, caused by the burning of the roof of a dwelling in North 
Ferry street. 

Annals iv. 30 

350 Annals of 1852. 

7. Thomas Kessan died, aged 49 The Board of 

Supervisors entertained the subject of dividing the county 
of Albany, proposing to set off with the city a part of Water- 
vliet and of Bethlehem, as the county of Albany, and erect 
a new county from the remainder of the present county. 

8: John Cochran died^ aged 30 Closing exercises of 

the 16th term of the State Normal School, when Prof. Per- 
kins took leave of the institution. 

10. Several persons were sun-struck during this and the 
preceding day Jane Ann Moore died, aged 37. 

11. Mrs. Caroline A. Anderson died, aged 21. 

12. Mrs. J^ McCrossen died, aged 66 Daniel Harris 

died, aged 73. 

13. Mrs. Flood died, aged 40. 

14. Mrs. Catharine M., wile of George W. Gladding, 
died, aged 27. 

16. Mrs. Jane M. Foster died, aged 33. 

17. John Brangan died James McEnelly, aged 40, 

was drowned by falling from a barge. 

19. A fire at No. 96 State street damaged the furniture 
of a large wareroom, but was soon extinguished by the 
bountiful supply of water from the hydrants. 

20. John Brady and John Connors were drowned in the 

pond on Patroon street, while bathing The store of 

Hagaman & Cowell robbed by burglars. 

22. Ralph McClintock died, aged 84. 

23. The large paint and drug store of A. McClure & Co., 
in State street, consumed by fire, and two persons severely 
burnt by the ignition of alcohol. 

24. John Bamber, who was burnt at the fire of the pre- 
vious evening, died at 1 o'clock in the morning, of the 
severity of his burns Robert Niblock died, aged 32. 

25. Mrs. Sarah, widow of the late Daniel Harris, died, 
aged 66 Elizabeth Drake died, aged 18. 

26. Thomas James died, aged 47 Moses K. Veazie 

died, aged 28. 

28. E. A. Camp died, aged 33 The steam boat Henry 

Clay burnt, on her way down the river. Nearly a hundred 
lives lost. 

30. James Wilson died. 

Annals of 1852. 851 


1. A fire at 10 o'clock at night, in a grocery store cor. 
Church and Lansing streets, was extinguished with small 

2. Joseph M. Holmes died, aged 33. 

5. Mrs, Sarah Cunliff died, aged 44. John Whish died, 
aged 57. Thomas Adee died in New York, formerly of 

8. Edward Rafferty died, aged 57. 

10. Mrs. D. K, wife of TTri Burt, died, aged 59. 

12. Catharine Nowlan died, aged 88. William McDon- 
ald died. Wm.. Gibson died, aged 46 The performances 

at the Grreen Street Theatre were brought to a close by the 

sheriff, who took out the scenery Nicholas McMahon 

died, aged 64. Rebecca Conine died, aged 88. 

13. A fire occurred in a grocery in Orange street, which 
was got under, with the damage of a part of the building; 
loss $200 Joshua R. Hays died, aged 55. 

14. A fire damaged an outhouse in Lumber street. 

15. A man fell from a fourth story window in Hamilton 
street, and was killed; and another from a sloop, and was 

drowned; both intoxicated Grilbert Shattuck died, 

aged 32. 

16. A fire damaged two frame buildings in William street. 
Another alarm in the afternoon arose from the burning out 

of a chimney First public procession of the Turn-verein 

and Sing-verein, who had a steam boat excursion down the 
river. One of them, Reinhart Andol, aged 20, was drowned. 

18. Isaac Hempstead died, aged 48. 

19. A fire at the corner of Cross and Orange streets, de- 
stroyed a small wooden building Margaret Sheridan 

died, aged 16, 

20. Mrs. Sarah Reid died, aged 69. 

21. Wm. Henry Duncan died, aged 23. William D. 

Wynkoop died, aged 43 Alarm of fire at 11 o'clock at 

night, caused by a fire in some brush, three miles out. 

22. A boat, containing about 15 or 20 persons, who 
were crossing the river at the rail road ferry, was capsized, 
and but five escaped with their lives. The news of the 
calamity spread rapidly through the city, and in a few min- 

352 Annals of 1852. 

Tites thousands were hastening to the Pier — many fearfully 
apprehensive that some of their relatives or friends were 
among the unfortunates. As soon as possible, boats were 
sent to drag the river for i.the dead bodies. In the course 
of an hour, four, and before 9 o'clock, ten, were recovered, 
probably all that were drowned. Their names were as fol- 
lows : Peter Engle, aged 22; a native of Germany; lives 
with his father at No. 720 Broadway. Recognized by his 
brother, Nicholas Engle. Segar-maker, and orderly ser- 
geant of the German Rifle Corps. [His watch was stopped 
at 40 minutes past 4.] William Sporborg, 9 years and 10 
months old ; born in America; lived with his father at No. 
101 South Pearl street. Augustus A. Kreuder, son of 
George Kreuder, No. 15 Montgomery street; 19 years old; 
native of Germany; fifteen years in America. Joannah 
Dunfrey, 21 years old; from county Waterford, Ireland; 
has a sister in this country, and a brother living at Cincin- 
nati ; a servant in the family of Dr. Ford, Washington 
street; friends at No. 155 Orange street. Recognized by 
her sister. Anthony Valentine, county Kildare, Ireland; 
has been three years in this country ; recognized by his 
cousin, Mrs. Cary; lives at No. 108 Water street; has a 
brother at Auburn ; remains taken charge of by his friends. 
Bernard Gill, native of the city of Dublin, Ireland; recog- 
nized by his friends; had $2.33 in overalls, and $S in porte 
monnaie ; was ferryman. Martin Murphy, aged 32; a 
laborer, and cousin of the woman who was drowned. George 
Hartman, moulder, worked for Messrs. Ransom & Co.; 
aged 34 years; a native of Germany. His brother, George 
Adams Hartman, has taken charge of his remains. Joseph 
Franks, 19 years old ; a native of Germany ; has no parents 
in this country; was a clerk for Joseph Sporborg. Re- 
mains taken charge of by his uncle, Isaac Franks. Un- 
known man, about five feet eight inches high ; dark brown 
hair; dark blue eyes; has a German appearance; wore a 
black coat, vest and pants, and high boots ; had a Troy 
rail road ticket, one key, one cornelian ring, two white linen 
handkerchiefs, one marked R. B., or R D. ; two small 
scars on his forehead ; linen shirt, and grey woolen socks. 
Remains taken charge of by the Coroner. 

Annals of 1852. 353 

23. Hamilton Bundy died, aged 24. George H. Bul- 
lions, son of Rev. Peter Bullions, late of Albany, died at 
New Orleans. 

25. James Mayer died, aged 72. We regret to announce 
the death of an aged and esteemed citizen of Albany, James 
Maher. Mr. M. was born in Ireland, but he passed the 
greater portion of his life in this city, where for more than 
half a century he was known for his intelligence, his public 
spirit, his patriotism, and the deep interest he took in the 
fortunes of his adopted fellow-citizens, and in the measures 
for their social, political and religious advancement. 

He was one of the earlier class of emigrants, whose advent 
to this country was cotemporaneous with the formation of 
the Constitution — a body of educated and energetic men, 
whose influeoce was early felt in the country, and who at 
once acquired position in it. Mr. M. entered mercantile life, 
and was at the head of an extensive and profitable business 
when the war of 1812 broke out. Without looking at the 
sacrifice, Mr. Maher promptly organized a volunteer corps — 
the Irish Greens, of which he was chosen captain — and placed 
it at the disposal of the government. He served with dis- 
tinction through the brilliant campaign of Niagara, and was 
in active service through the war. Be was for many years 
the state librarian, was repeatedly chosen to the Common 
council, was a candidate of the Democracy for sherifi", and 
received from the general government the appointment of 
paymaster to the troops — the small emoluments of which 
however, were, after a brief time, abolished. Though for 
many years in imperfect health, he retained the appearance 
and vivacity of youth, to an extreme old age. In his death, 
the city loses one of its most spirited and devoted citizens, 
and his fellow countrymen a sympathizer, counsellor and 
friend. — Atlas. 

Mary M., widow of the late Lawrence Paddock, died, aged 
47. Delia Ann, wife of Wm. Davis, died, aged 31. Jane 
R., wife of Squire Moon, died, aged 31. 

26. Thomas O'Connell died, aged 77. Mrs. Armenia, wife 
of Wm. Whitney, died, aged 53. Mrs. Catharine Peacock 
died, aged 36. 

27. John Conley died, aged 52. Henry B. Webb died, 
aged 48. 

S54 Annals of 1852. 

28. Two companies of Hudson firemen arrived, and were 
received by company 11. 

30. Mrs. Elizabeth Havens died, aged 76. Jacob Van 
Ness, formerly of the city, died in New York, and was brought 

up for interment The Jersey Blues, a military company 

from Paterson, arrived by the day boat, and w-ero received by 

the Burgesses Corps and escorted through the city ,.Mrs. 

Catharine Shields died, aged 50. 

31. A fire in Orange street damaged a shed only 

Ellen Rider died, aged 57. 


1. Elizabeth Bell, died, aged 53. John Hancock died? 
aged 28. 

2. Desire W. Peckham died, aged 84. Arthur Shields 
died, aged 46. John W. Wands died, aged 55. 

3. Daniel K. Winne died, aged 63. Wm. MascDrd died, 
aged 51 

4. Eliza Born, wife of Joseph S. Henshaw, died, aged 
34. Jeannie W., wife of Thomas Lord, daughter of the late 

Jonas Wickes, died at Bridgeport, aged 23 The steam 

boat Reindeer, while on her way to this city from New York, 
burst a flue at Bristol, about 40 miles below Albany. By 
this disaster 7 persons were instantly killed and about 25 
more died in a short time. Among them were Mrs. Lock- 
wood and daughter, Mr. D. N. Bowers and wife, and H. D. 
Holdridge of Albany. 

5. John Pitkin Norton died at Farmington, Ct., aged 30. 
He was a native of Albany, an eminent agricultural chemist, 
and a professor of that science in Yale College. 

6. Dr. Joel A. Wing, one of the oldest and most valued 
physicians of Albany, died at Hartford, Ct. For many months, 
Dr. Wing had been suffering under a malady, attended with 
aberration of mind, which defied medical treatment, and 
mocked all hopes of recovery. The deceased was universally 
beloved, and professionally occupied the highest rank among 
his brethren, in and out of the city. Devotedly attentive to 
those under his charge, skillful, experienced and successful 
in his practice — cheerful and warm hearted — he was a 
model of a family physician — and in all the relations of 
life a pattern of usefulness and good works. His society was 

Annals of 1852. 355 

sought after, as well for his professional learning, as for his 
admirable social qualities. In both respects he was the 
object of the warm esteem of all who had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance during a residence of nearly forty years in this 
city. " Dr. Wing (says the Evening Journal) was a native 
of the county of Berkshire. He studied his profession under 
Doctor De La Mater, in Florida, Montgomery county, and 
received his license to practice in May, 1811. He com- 
menced his practice in Columbia county, but removed to 
Albany in 1814. In 1825, he received the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Medicine from Williams College. In 1843 he 
was elected President of the State Medical Society. In 
1848, the only time he ever allowed himself to become a 
candidate for office, he was elected a Member of the Legis- 
lature." Few men were better calculated to win and secure 
ardent friends, and few depart more universally and deeply 
lamented — Argus. (See Willard's Albany Med. Annals.) 

7. Susannah, wife of George Osborn, died, aged 61 

The city authorities took possession of the south ferry, the 

lessee, Lansing D. Abeel, having forfeited the same •. 

The jail calendar contained the names of 21 persons waiting 
trial as follows; manslaughter, 3; attempt to kill, 1; rob- 
bery, 1 ; forgery, 1 ; grand larceny, 9 ; receiving stolen 
goods, 2; attempt to commit arson, 1; false pretences, 1; 
disorderly persons, 1 John Austin died at San Fran- 
cisco, aged 39. 

9. Mazeppa Engine Co. No. 48 arrived from New York, 
and were received and entertained by D. D. Tompkins 
Engine Co. No. 8, of this city. They marched to the City 
Hall, where they were welcomed by Mayor Perry, and in 
the evening the fire department honored their guest with a 
torch light procession. 

10. A copper kettle, containing 200 barrels of beer, fell 
from its place in Messrs. Taylor & Son's brewery, doing 
great damage to the premises. 

11. The grand jury closed their session, by presenting to 
the court 25 indictments John Joynt died, aged 35. 

12. Sarah Ten Eyck, formerly of Albany, died at Ams- 
terdam, N. Y. 

13. Mrs. Ann Cameron died, aged 34 The dry goods 

store of Bernard Hiller, in South Pearl street, was robbed 
of goods worth $500, before daylight in the morning. 

356 A7imls of 1852. 

15. Abraham Sickles died, aged 42. Mrs. John Lacey, 
formerly of Albany, died in New York, 

16. Emily, wife of Wm. Johnson, died, aged 28. Mrs. 
Catharine Staats, daughter of the late Jacob Cuyler, and 
widow of Barent Gr. Staats, died, aged 86. Anthony Gearon 
died, aged 54. Thomas R. Richardson died at Milwaukie, 
aged 52. 

18. Rensselaer Reno died, aged 49. 

19. Thomas Austin Hammond, of Orwell, Vt., died at 

122 State street A fire in Washington street slightly 

damaged a shoe store William Spears died, aged 37. 

20. Mrs. Mary Burnop died, aged 75 The G-reenbush 

ferry leased to Stephen Harris for 12 years, at an annual rent 
of $4,000. 

21. S. A. Parke died, aged 54 A meeting of rail road 

engineers to take into consideration the tunneling of the 

river at the rail road ferry Elizabeth, wife of Henry 

Bager, died, aged 36. 

22. Ira Nichols died. 

23. George Hanford died, aged 62 The lots 74 and 

76 State street, purchased by A McClure, for $15,000. 

24. The two story wooden store on the pier, above the 
cut was destroyed by fire, with the contents, consisting of 
grain and flour, belonging to S. M. Fish & Co. The first 
use of a fire annihilator in Albany was made here, with 
good effect. 

26. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a chim- 
ney Thomas McCambly died, aged 24. Mrs. Elizabeth 

Beaver died, aged 61. 

27. Mary C, wife of Garret Bensen, died. 

29. Mary Montanye died, aged 16, Anthony Wood 

died, aged 45 At the meeting of the common council, 

Wm. Seymour was elected city chamberlain, in the place 
of C. W. Bender, who had faithfully discharged the duties 
of the office during ten years. Henry C. Southwick was 
elected deputy chamberlain, in the place of Hamlet H. 

Hickcox Mr. Harris having declined to accept a lease 

of the ferry, it was awarded to Messrs, Akin & Schuyler, 
at an annual rent of $2,200, conditioned that the lessees 
should keep two large steam boats for the convenience of 

Annals of 1852. 357 

30. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a bed in 

the attic of a house in Hamilton street. Damage slight 

John Coleman died, aged 27. Jacob Winne died, aged 53. 


1. Mrs. Ann Fitzpatrick died, aged 40 At a trial 

before the Circuit Court, there were seven witnesses of 
great age, as follows : David Newland, 88 years ; John 
Van Zandt, 86; John Erwin, 78; Wm. McHarg, 76; S. 
Topping, 72; Jesse P. Mitchell, 61; A. D. Rosekrans, 
(about) 58 — making a total of 519 years. 

2. Mrs. Elizabeth Cure died, aged 62. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Potts died, aged 75. Mrs. Elizabeth Boardmandied,aged 76. 

3. Edwin H. Williams died, aged 43. Bridget Guarin 

died, aged 23 The congregation of the First Baptist 

Church held their first service in the lecture room of their 
new edifice, corner of Philip and Plain streets. 

5. Margaret Countreman died, aged 80. Matilda Ann, 
wife of John Mitchell, died, aged 23. Mrs. Mary D. Foot 
died, aged 30 A Convention of delegates from Congre- 
gational churches in difierent parts of the country, met, to 
the number of about 500, at the Congregational Church in 
this city. Dr. Hawes, of Hartford, delivered the intro- 
ductory sermon in the evening A striped bass, weighing 

251bs., was taken with a hook by Capt. Hitchcock, while 
fishing from the Pier. A bass of that size is seldom taken 
in that way here. 

6. Joseph Weaver died, aged 43. 

8. A fire in Water street destroyed nine wooden stables, 

and burnt three horses The Congregational Convention 

adjourned after a session of four days Mary E. Price, 

wife of Sylvester Hull, died, aged 19. 

11. Capt. Ira Gridley died, aged 68 Messrs. Schuyler 

& Akin took possession of the Greenbush ferry on lease, 

bringing a good steam ferryboat to the work Mrs. Mary 

Porter died. 

15. James K. Strain died, aged 35. Mrs. Sarah, wife of 
Peter Fitzpatrick, died, aged 68. 

16. Joseph Neely died, aged 52. Sarah Lane Cunliff 

died, aged 19 Gen. Winfield Scott arrived in the city, 

and was escorted from the depot to the Capitol, where he 

358 Annals of 1^62. 

was addressed by John C. Spencer David Carson, late 

of Albany, died at Dubuque, Iowa, aged 36. 

18. Gen. Chauncey Humphrey, late of Albany, died at 
Middlebury, Vt. Mrs. Margaret, wife of Wm. McHench, 

died Gen. Scott left the city in the morning for New 


19 Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Lewis, died, aged 60. 
Ann, wife of Felix Loughran, died, aged 36. 

20. Christopher Dunn died, aged 54. 

21. Lorenzo M. Bedell died, aged 35 The Albany 

City Volunteers organized by an election of officers, as fol- 
lows: John Arts, Captain; Francis Marshall 1st Lieut, 
Christopher Hess, 2d Lieut. 

22. Emily E. Williams died, aged 17. Eunice Moore 
died, aged 64. Mary, wife of Andrew Davison, died. 

25. A Temperance Convention was held at the City Hall, 

which nominated county officers for the ensuing election 

Caroline, wife of John Krantz, died, aged 47. 

26. Miss Angelica Lovett died. Alida Visscher died, 

aged 31 A meeting of the members of the Albany bar 

was held at the City Hall, to express their sentiments on 
the death of Daniel Webster Michael Dady died, aged 42. 

27. John Scott died, aged 70. 

28. A telegraphic dispatch from Troy, requesting the 
assistance of the Albany engine companies to extinguish a 
fire which threatened a considerable portion of the former 

city Mrs. Hannah Rawls, formerly of x\lbany, died at 

Romeo, Mich., aged 63. 

29. The citizens of Albany, by recommendation of the 
Mayor, closed their places of business at 12 o'clock, during 

the funeral services of Daniel Webster at Marshfield 

In the evening, a great mass meeting of the Whigs at the 
Capitol, and a large procession of the Democrats. There 
never was be'fore such a display of banners and transparen- 
cies in State street At a meeting of the Common Coun- 
cil, the Mayor offered a resolution that boxes be placed at 
the polls, for the purpose of receiving contributions to the 
Washington Monument. 

30. Bridget Donahue died, aged 32 Antonio Lopez, 

a Portuguese sailor, died at the station house, whither he 
had been taken, insensible, from exposure in the streets. 

Annals of 1S62, 369 


2, Election day — the result of which was, the success 
of the whole Democratic ticket......... Welcome C. Tucker 

died, aged 21. Sophia M. Walworth died, aged 21. 

4. A fire on the dock, above Steuben street, destroyed 
several poor wooden tenements. 

5. John A. Zeilman died, aged 75. 

7. Mrs. Margaret Vanderzee, late of Albany, died at 
Newark, aged 67. 

• 9. Matthew Kizinger committed suicide by stabbing him- 
self to the heart with a carving knife John Clark 

hanged himself with a handkerchief in his cellar. 

10. G-reat democratic procession in honor of the recent suc- 
cess of the party in the election of their candidates. 

11. John Harrington died, aged 57. 

13. Thomas Ryan, formerly of Albany, died, at Philadel- 
phia, aged 61. 

14. William A. Bardwell, formerly of Albany, died at 
Brooklyn, aged 43. Richard Bygate died, aged 27. 

15. A. fire on the pier destroyed part of the contents of 
Messrs. Grifl&n & Buel's flour store. 

16. Sarah, widow of the late Capt. Israel P. Hand, died, 
aged 77. 

17. Jow«eph Gribson died, aged 38. 

18. George Turner died, aged 22. 

20. The dwelling houses 162 and 164 Lydius street were 
entered by burglars and robbed of plate, jewelry and other 

21. Dedication of the cathedral by x\rchbishop Hughes, 
assisted by another archbishop, five bishops, and above fifty 
priests. An audience of nearly four thousand people wit- 
nessed the ceremonies Stephen Langridge died, aged 52. 

22. First snow of the season. 

23. A convention of the friends of a rail road from this 
city north to Plattsburgh was held in this city, Hon. Erastus 
Corning, president Mrs. Mehitable Webster died. 

25. Democratic Festival at Stauwix Hall in commemora- 
tion of the recent achievements of the party at the polls 

Wm. Chatfield, late of Albany, died at Watertown, Wiscon- 
sin, aged 81. 

360 Annals of 1852. 


1. The Rev. A, A. Thayer was installed pastor of the 
Universalist congregation, which had for some time been 
without a pastor. A new organ was also provided for the 

2. Mrs. Priscilla Fay, relict of the late Edward Faj, and 
fomerly a resident of Albany, died at Sacramento, CaL, aged 

5. Dr. James A. Russel died, aged 29 

6. John Enos Helme died, ag-ed 21. 

The Chamberlain and Finance Committee submitted an esti- 
mate of the probable deficiencies, which, in their opinion, will 
exist, in consequence of the sums authorized to be raised by chap. 
139, laws 1848, being less than the probable expenditure during 
the municipal year on the same accounts. Also, an estimate of 
the amount that will be received prior to the close of the munici- 
pal year from apportionments and assessments, approved and con- 
firmed during tlie year ending Nov. 1, 1852, with the balance that 
will remain unpaid at the close of the year. The amount author- 
ized by the act referred to, to be raised to pay the interest on the 
public debt, contracted prior to May 1, 1848, exceeds the sum that 
will be required for that purpose. It is estimated that the follow- 
ing sums will be required to be raised by tax to defray the contin- 
gent expenses of the city for the year, viz : 

For contingent expenses (ordinary) $30,000.00 

For expense of Fire Department 16,000.00 

For purchase of additional lands for district schools 

Nos. 1, 3 and 8 2,400.00 

For purchase of lot and erection of schoolhouse for 

colored children 2,500.00 

For deficiency in amount authorized to be raised for the 

expense of Police Department 2,000.00 

Total $52,900,00 

Authorized to be raised 30,000.00 

Deficiency $22,900.00 

To defray the exjjense of providing, lighting and re- 
pairing public lamps $10,500.00 

Authorized to be raised 10,000.00 

Deficiency $500.00 

Annals of 1852. 361 

The aggregate of ail tlie apportionments and assess- 
ments approved and confirmed during tlie year end- 
ing Nov. 1, was $16,280.58 

Tliere was received on account of the same during the 

year 9,448.85 

Estimated receipts to close of year 1,831.73 

Deficiency $5,000.00 

The committee recommend the following to be included in the 
tax lists of this year to provide for payment of interest on city 
debts, appropriated to Sinking Fund and for the support of city 
government during the year, viz : 

Police Department, $27,000.00 

Public Lamps, 10,500.00 

Interest on debt contracted prior to May 1, 1848, 27,000.00 

Interest on water debt, 8,000.00 

Account of Sinking Fund, 10,000.00 

Temporary relief of city poor, 5,000.00 

Contingent expenses (ordinary) $30,000 

Fire department, 16.000 

Water for Alms House, 2,000 

Purchase of land for District Schools Nos. 1, 

3 and 8, 2.400 

Colored School House and land, 2 500 


Account of Public Schools, 5,000.00 

Peficiency on account of improving streets, 5,000.00 


The annual report of the Chamberlain, Trustees of the City 
Sinking Fund, and the Trustees of the Western Rail Road Cor- 
poration Sinking Fund, were received and referred to the finance 

The following presents a condensed statement of these docu- 
ments : 

Chamberlain's Report. 

Receipts from November 1, 1851, to November 1, 1852. 

Water Loan, $200,000.00 

Water Rents, 48,835.98 

City Water Works, 11,226.74 

City Water Debt, interest, 9,316.03 

Assessments, 48,491.57 

Costs on Assessment sales, 100.00 

Rents, 1,981.97 

Annals^ iv. 31 

362 Annals of 1852. 

Commutation of Rents, 612.00 

Real Estate, , 766.10 

Bonds and Mortgages, 50.00 

Interest, 7,409.07 

Dividends, 279.50 

Markets, 1,951.50 

Police Office, 366.04 

Justices' Court, 2,300.48. 

City Poor, 6,197.30 

Alms House, 6,473.53 

Contingents, 2,391.32 

Redemption, 1,674.70 

Surveyor's Office, 241,00 

District Schools, 12,336.48 

City Taxes, 136,900.00 

County of Albany, 11,000.00 

Temporary Loan, 20,000.00 

Total Receipts, $530,901.31 

Cash on hand Nov. 1, 1851, 63,704,44 

Total, $594,605.75 

Disbursements during the same period : 

aty Water Works, $216,969.25 

City Water Debt, interest account, 41,733.43 

Water Rents, 1,225.22 

Trustees of Sinking Fund, 52,426.03 

Interest, 35,503.61 

Basin assessment, 64.99 

Grading and paving streets, 65,876.24 

Constructing drains, 3,774.70 

Costs on Assessment sales, 158.50 

Alms House, 25,847.82 

City Poor, 10,779.81 

Police Department, 27,565.28 

Police Office, 1,872.25 

City Lamps, 10,036.03 

Fire Department, 16,178.92 

Ferry, 468.37 

Markets, 1,564.99 

District Schools 13,415.14 

Surveyor's Office, 1,200.00 

Salaries, 4,700.00 

City Hall, 1,146.21 

Elections, 534.50 

Printing and advertising, 1,074.25 

Justices' Courts, 3,403.74 

Court of Special Sessions, 60.50 

Annals of 1S52. 363 

Redemption 1,576.76 

Repairing, &c., streets, drains and wells, • . . . 10,260.56 

Contingencies, 9,257.73 

Total disbursements, $558,674.82 

Casli on band Nov, 1, 1852, 35,930.93 

Total, $594,605.75 

Trustees of Sinking Fund. 


Sales Real Estate, $5,272.10 

From City Treasury, 35,000.00 

Tax, 10,000.00 

Assessments, 5,950.89 

Loan from City, 8.015.93 

Total Receipts, $64,238,92 


Redemption City Bonds, 7 per cent, $50,626.03 

6 " 4,800.00 

Payment to Chamberlain, 3,812.89 

Deposited to apply on Water Debt, 5,000.00 

Total, $64,238.92 

Western Rail Road Corporation Sinking Fund. 

The investments made by the Trustees are as follows, viz : 

Bonds and Mortgages, $221,042 

City Bonds (canceled) 55,000 

City Water Stock, 60,000 

Total, $336,042 

The amount thus invested has been derived from the following 
sources : 

Contribution by Western Rail Road Co., $193,111.10 

Interest on investments, 137,417.04 

Mechanics and Farmers' Bank (overdrawn) . 5,513.86 

Total, $336,042.00 

364 Annals of 1S52. 

9. The City Volunteers, a new military company, Capt. 
John Arts, made their first appearance, in an unique uniform. 

10. John Taylor's malt house partially destroyed by fire ; 

loss about $15,000 John Mitchell died, aged 41. Eliza 

Kennedy died, aged 65. 

11. Gilbert Millen committed suicide by poison, at the 
Merchant's Hotel. 

12. John B. Gibbons, late of Albany, died in New York, 
aged 31. Ellen, wife of Henry Pierce, late of Albany, died 
in California. 

13. Garrit Lansing Van Heusen, formerly of Albany, 
died at Newark, N. J., aged 37. 

14. Miss Rebecca Eights died, aged 76. James Scher- 

merhorn died, aged 19 Grace Church dedicated by 

Bishop Wain Wright, assisted by thirty clergymen Mrs. 

Sarah Shaw died at Amsterdam, widow of Isaiah Shaw, 
formerly of Albany. * 

15. The canal closed ; boats had almost entirely ceased to 

run, the season being so far advanced The sales of barley 

in the market amounted to 1,620.300 bushels ; the prices 

ranging from 64 to 84 cts John Kinney died, aged 65. 

Mary, wife of Levi C Tuck, died. Elizabeth, wife of Isaac 
Litterby, died, aged 103. 

16. The river navigation had so far ceased, that but one 
vessel under canvas was seen within a range of forty miles, 
and that was bound for winter quarters below. Some of 
the lesser steam boats still made their trips, slightly obstructed 
by floating ice. 

17. Mrs. Sarah Hubbard died. 

19. Annual meeting of the Albany Tract Society. Re- 
ceipts of the past year $1345 ; expenditures, $1 148. Num- 
ber-of distributors, 100. Rev. David Dyer had been em- 
ployed as agent of the society, since July last. We gathered 
from tlie report that there are at present 100 distributors, 
who visit 120 districts ; number of visits of Superintendent 
(Rev. Mr. Dyer) and his Assistant (Mr. Cone) during last 
six months, 4069 ; that during the year, 656,466 pages of 
tracts have been distributed ; 143 bibles and 69 testaments 
given away ; 127 sermons preached ; 166 sick persons 
visited; 17 funerals attended; 121 persons relieved; 100 
induced to attend public worship ; 133 children brought 

Annals of 1852. 365 

into Sunday schools ; $200 distributed among the poor, &c. 
There are four mission stations under the general supervision 
of the Society, whose meetings are generally well attended, 
and to each of which a Sabbath school is attached. Besides 
tkese, three sewing schools have been established, and from 
these instrumentalities the managers hope for much good. 
The report also referred to the facilities which the Society 
afforded for the judicious distribution of aid to the poor, 
and particularly pressed this point upon the attention of the 
benevolent. Rev. Drs. Kennedy and Campbell, and Rev. 
Mr. Post, delivered addresses. A collection was taken up, 
and, after a benediction, the audience dispersed. — Express. 
20. The Grreen Street Theatre, which had been a long 
time undergoing improvements and decorations, opened this 
evening, under the management of Madame de Marguerittes. 

Horace Meech, formerly of this city, died at Freeport, 

111., aged 63. 

22. The r.ver was entirely frozen over, so that the boats 
could no longer move through the ice. The Hendrik Hud 
8on was frozen in, on her way down the river, about ten 
miles below the city. 

23. Mary Lindsay died of apoplexy. John Cayhe died, 
aged 31 The supervisors fixed upon the rate of assess- 
ment of the city and county. For assessed valuation of real 
estate in the city, see table, page 369. 

24. Nathaniel Rogers, formerly keeper of the Delavan 

House, in this city, died at Buffalo, aged 50 The water 

rose in the river so as to carry the newly formed ice entirely 
out, except a barrier at Coeymans, which obstructed navi- 

26. A fire corner of Church and Vine streets destroyed 
the morocco factory of Anable & Smith, and the stock 

therein The pews in the Cathedral, to the number of 

180, were rented; the first twenty in the middle aisle at 

840 each The new church edifice of the First Baptist 

Society, corners of Hudson, Philip and Plain sts., was 
opened for service. 

27. Waterman's dry goods store, in Washington street, 
robbed by the clerk Alarm of fire, caused by the burn- 
ing of a chimney The pews in the Baptist Church, on 

Philip street, were rented at prices varying from $16 to $36. 

366 Annals o/1852. 

28. Michael Maher died, aged 59. Isaac Denaiston died, 
aged 86. 

29. The police were attacked, and four of them seriously 
wounded, by a party of Irishmen, in the northern part of 

the city The Isaac Newton, having been prepared by •a 

sheathing of iron, forced her way through the barrier of 
ice at Coeymans, and arrived at the dock, followed by the 
Hendrik Hudson Mrs. Ann Randall died, aged 53. 

30. Alarm of fire from a millinery shop, which was ex- 
tinguished before much damage was done Another fire 

in Blunt's Building, which was also soon extinguished. 

31. The Mechanics and Farmers' Bank closed its business, 
on the expiration of its charter, which was granted in 1811. 
(^See Annals Albany^ vol. ?', p. 32, 1st ed.). Of the original 
Directors of the Bank, the following gentlemen survive : 
William Fowler, Giles W. Porter and Walter Weed. Of 
the first Ofiicers of the Bank, all but the President, the late 
Solomon Southwick, survive, viz : The then Cashier, G. A. 
Worth, is now President of the Union Bank of New York. 
The first Clerks were Isaac Q. Leake, Philo L. Mills and 
Thomas W. Olcott. Mr. Olcott, the Junior Clerk, at a 
salary of 8250 a year, was appointed Cashier in 1817, and 
became President in 1826, upon the death of the late Ezra 
Ames. The Presidents of the Bank were, successively, 
Solomon Southwick, Isaac Hutton, Benjamin Knower. Ezra 
Ames and Thomas W. Olcott. Its Cashiers were G. A. 
Worth, T. W. Olcott, E. E. Kendrick and Thomas Olcott. 
The financial history of the Mechanics and Farmers' Bank 
has been one alike satisfactory to stockholders and useful 
to the business interests of our community. It has furnished, 
except in two emergencies when a suspension of specie pay- 
ments was authorized by law, a uniformily sound and de- 
sirable currency. Beside its regular semi-annual dividends, 
this Bank made, in 1830, a surplus dividend of 50 percent. 
Its stock sold, a few days since, 100 per cent, above par, an 
advance which probably indicates about the amount of its 
surplus dividend upon the final close of its aff'airs. The 
same stockholders, taking the same name, will organize a 
new institution, with the same capable and experienced 
officers, under the General Baa king Law, simultaneously 
with the expiration of their charter. Connected with the 

Aniials of 1S52. 367 

new institution will be a Savings Bank Department, where 
the earnings of the industrious and frugal may be deposited 
with the assurance of safety/ under all and every contin- 
gency. With the Mechanics and Farmers' Bank, to which 
we have had frequent occasion to apply for favors, both for 
our friends and ourself, and ivere never re/used^ we should 
part with regret, if, Phoenix like, another institution, under 
the same kindly auspices, were not to spring, full-grown, 
from its ashes. Though Banks are artificial creations, and 
therefore " soulless," we have found among those wlio 
manage moneyed institutions men with both souls and hearts. 
Some years ago, when the Canal Bank failed, its notes, 
having entered largely into general circulation, were held by 
journeymen, laborers, seamstresses, &c., &c. The brokers, 
in a season of panic, were purchasing those bills at 30, 40, 
and even 50 per cent, discount. Those least able to lose 
were necessarily the largest sufi'erers; To save this class of 
citizens from such hard sacrifices, Messrs. Olcott, Townsend, 
Corning, King, Taylor, Sherman, Plumb and Kendrick, the 
Presidents and Cashiers of the Mechanics and Farmers', 
State, Commercial and City Banks, authorized us to seek out 
all the laboring and poor classes who held Canal Bank bills, 
and redeem them at par. This authority was unlimited, 
except as to brokers and rich persons Acting with the 
late James Maher and the late Duncan Campbell (two of 
the best and truest-hearted men we ever knew), thousands 
of dollars were thus saved to the mechanics and laborers. 
Each of the Banks named furnished its proportion of the 
Redemption Fund. — Journal. 

The mean temperature of December was 24°, being 2°, 
higher than December of the year 1851. 

Albany Market. — Rye from 80 to 85 cts. per bu. of 
60 lbs. ; Corn, 75 cts. ; Barley, from 68 to 72 cts. ; Oats, 
from 50 to 53 cts. ; Beans, from 10s. to 13s. ; Flaxseed, 
from 9s to 10s.; Buckwheat Flour, about $2 per cwt. ; 
Pork, from 87.75 to $S per cwt. ; Poultry, from 10 to 12 
cts. per lb. ; Butter, from $22 to $25 per cwt. ; Cheese, 
9? cts. Dried Apples, $1 per bush. ; Apples, from 12s. to 
82 per bbl. ; Hay, |25 per ton ; Straw, 818 per ton. 

868 Annals of 1S62. 

Criminal Statistics. — Statement of the arrests of 
persons charged with criminal offences, and brought before 
the Police Magistrates, during the month of December, 

Whole number of arrests, 246 

Arrested by the Policemen, District No. 1, 30 

" " " " "2, 59 

" « " " "3, 38 

<( " (( 't "4 40 

" Bernardus B. Whalen, .' 24 

" Elisha Mack, Jr., 12 

" Franklin Smith, 23 

" " George B. Johnson, 9 

*' " George Brainard, 5 

" " Myers Henderer, 4 

" Others, 3 


Felonies — False pretences, 6 

Perjury, 1 

Forgery, 1 

Grand Larceny, 4 

Attempt to commit burglary, 1 

Making thirteen cases of felony, — 13 

Assault and battery 50 

" " " on officers, 5 

Riot and affray, 6 

Breach of the peace, 39 

Drunk in the street, 31 

Keeping disorderly house, 1 

Petit larceny, 35 

Vagrancy 26 

Miscellaneous, 40 

Total, 346 


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Shotving the quantity of Rain that fell during a part of the years 1850 and 
1851, at Albany ; communicated to the Regents of the University by Eon. Wm. 
J. 3IcAlpine, State Engineer and Surveyor. 

I have made some extensive experiments to determine the amount of water 
which can be collected for the supply of the city of Albany. 



1850, May (10 days) 

■' June 

'■'■ July 

•' August 

' September . . . 

' October 


1850, November 
" December 

1851, January . . 
' February.. 

" March 

' April 

Totals of half years, 

From May, 1850, to April, I 
1851, S 

1851, M«y 

" June 

" July 

" August 

" September 
" October .., 


From Nov., 1850, to Oct., I 
1851, j 








16. &3 


Falling water 
on an area of 
2,600 acres. 

Cubic feet. 










Amount of 
water passing 

sluice from 
same source. 

Cubic feet. 















Rain Tables, 






Falling water 

on an area of 

8,000 acres. 

Amount of 
water passing 

sluice from 
same source. 





1850, July (16 days) 

" August 

" September 

" October. 

" November 

" December 

1851, January 

" Febniary 

" Marcb 


Cubic feet. 



Cubic feet. 












" April 

" May 

" June 

From July, 1850, to June, 
1851, ■ 

1851, July 

" August 











" September 

" October 

" November 

From Jan., 1850, to Nov., 
1851 ■ 







The gnaging of the Patroon's Creek has been continued at two places, from May, 1850, to 
December, ISol. The above tables show the amount of water wtiich passed through each of the 
sluices ou this stream for each naonth during the above period, and also the fall of water at the 
Albany Academy, as furnished by Prof Cook. 

The area of the water-shed above the sluice, at the junction, is 2,600 acres, and that above the 
sluice, at TivoU falls is 8,000 acres. 

The raia-guage at the academy was about five miles from the centre of the water-shed, and 
upon ground about 100 feet lower. The quantity of water which fell on the drainage above men- 
tioned was not ascertained ; but the guage at the academy furnished a close approximation to the 
true quantity, and has been used in preparing the following tables. 

Annals, iv. 



Bain Tables. 



^ ii 

I— ( 5>»-r 

Eh ^"^ 



w si 










«o CO c* «j t-^ -^ CO (N s>» !» 10 lO t- 10 cc (N Ty 10 (J* » ec o -* ■>*' 10 Tf' th 




03 Oioc*-^ 1 

T-^ eo (N CO i-i T}< CO (N <n' T-H •* (?» s« T-1 (N <N cc eo « th eo ec c* 1^ 







Greatest fall in any one month, was in July, 1850, which amounted to 8.57. Least tall in any 
onemonth. was in December, 1828, which amounted too. -24. Greatest fall in any one year, was 
in 1850, wflch amounted to 50.67. Least fall in any one year, was in 1852, which amounted to 
31.79. ' 



Ta^le of the periods when the Hudson River opened and closed at Albany^ so far 
as the sam^can be rww ascertained. 

River Closed. 

River Open. 

Days Closed. 


23, 1786 

February "3/1796 


27, 1790 


December 8, 1790 


17, 1791 


December 8, 1791 

December 12, 1792 


6, 1793 


December 26, 1793 


17, 1794 


January 12, 1795 


January 21, 1796 

November 23, 1796 

November 26, 1797 

November 23, 1798 

January 6, 1800 

January 3, 1801 


28, 1801 


February 3, 1802 

December 16, 1802 

January 12, 1804 


6, 1804 


December 13, 1804 

January 9, 1806 


20, 1806 


December 11, 1806 


8, 1807 


January 4, 1808 


10, 1808 


December 9, 1809 

January 19, 1810 

December 14, 1810 


December 20, 1811 

December 21, 1812 


12, 1813 


December 22, 1813 

December 10, 1814 

December 2, 1815 

December 16, 1816 

December 7, 1817 


25, 1818 


December 14, 1818 


3, 1819 


December 13, 1819 


25, 1820 


November 13, 1820 


15, 1821 


December 13, 1821 


15, 1822 



Opening and Closing of the River. 

River Closed. 

River Open. 

Days Closed. 

December 24, 1822 


24, 1823 


December 16, 1823 


3, 1824 


January 5, 1825 


6. 1825 


December 13, 1825 


26, 1826 


December 24, 1826 


20, 1827 


November 25, 1827 


8, 1828 

About 50 

*December 23, 1828 


1, 1829 


^January 11, 1830 


15, 1830 


*December 23, 1830 


15, 1831 


*December 5, 1831 


25, 1832 


*December 21, 1832 


21, 1833 


^December 13, 1833 


21, 1834 


*December 15, 1834 


21, 1835 


*November 30, 1835 


4, 1836 


*December 7, 1836 


28, 1837 


^December 13, 1837 


19, 1838 


*November 25, 1838 


21, 1839 


^December 18, 1839 


21, 1840 


^December 5, 1840 


24, 1841 


^December 19, 1841 


4, 1842 


*JSovember 29, 1842 


13, 1843 


^December 9, 1843 


14, 1844 


*December 11, 1844 


24, 1845 


^December 4, 1845 


15, 1846 


*December 15, 1846 


6, 1847 


^December 24, 1847 


22, 1848 


*December 27, 1848 


19, 1849 


^December 25, 1849 


9, 1850 


*December 17, 1850 


25, 1851 


^December 13, 1851 


28, 1852 


December 22, 1852 


21, 1853 


Mem. — All those marked * are derived from authentic records or personal 

Notes. — In a diary kept by the late William Caldwell, I find the 
following entries : 

1801. — February 27. The ice moved, and the river was entirely 
clear on the 28th. W. C. 

1802. — January 11. The ice moved this morning, and the river 
was entirely clear at night. January 22. The river again frozen 
over. — W. C. 

1817-18. — 7 his winter was long and intensely cold. On the third 
of March, 1818, the ice moved in a body downwards for some dis- 
tance, and there remained stationary. The river was not clear 
until March 25. 

Opening and Closing of the River, 377 

1820-21. — The river closed on tlie IStli, opened on tlie 20tli, and 
finally closed December 1. Tliis was one of the four winters during 
a century, in which the Hudson, between Powles' Hook and New 
York, was crossed on the ice; the other three being 1740-41, 
1765-66, and 1779-80. 

January 12, 1824. The river was clear of ice, and remained so 
for several days. 

1827-28. The river opened and closed repeatedly during this 
winter. Dec. 21, it closed a second time. 

1830-31. Opened in consequence of heavy rains, and closed 
again on the 10th of January, 1831. 

1832-33. Opened again January 3, closed again January 11. 

1834-35. March 17. River open opposite to the city. March 18. 
Steam boat John Jay came to Van Wie's Point, ice at the over- 

1847-48. December 24, river closed. December 31, river open. 

As the river throughout to New York has not always been clear 
of ice on the days stated above, the time at which the first steam 
boat passed from New York to Albany, or mce versa, is also added 
for a few years : 

1835, March 25. 

1836, April 10. 

1837, March 31, Robert L. Stevens. 

1838, April 10. 

1839, March 25, Swallow. 

1840, February 25, Mount Pleasant. 

1841, March 26, Utica. 

1841, February 6, Telegraph. In consequence of heavy rains, 
the river opened in front of the city of Albany on the 8th of Janu- 
ary, and can hardly be said to have closed again during the season. 
The ice, however, continued piled up some miles below, at and 
about Barren Island, near Schodack Landing, and thus rendered 
the channel impassable. Cold weather followed about the middle 
of February, and again obstructed the navigation, A steam boat 
arrived again on the 1st of March, 1842. 

1843, April 13, Utica. 

1844, March 18, 11 A. M., Utica. 

1845, February, 24, steam boat Norwich at 1 A. M., from New 
York. Left that city on the 22d, at 8 P. M. River full of ice from 
West Point upwards. Ice opposite Albany stationary, except a 
small portion that broke away yesterday, opposite Lydius street. 

1846, March 18, steam boats Columbia and Oneida arrived. 

1847, April 7, steam boat Columbia. 

1848, March 22, steam boat Admiral. 

1849, March 18, steamboat Columbia. 
1820, March 9, steam boat Buffalo. 

1851, February 25, Oregon. 

1852, March 28, Nimrod. 

1853, March 21^ John L. Lockwood. 



1664 TO 1775. 


Began Office. 

Time of Service. 

Years. Mos. Days 







Ingoldsby, ... 




Bellemont, ....... 




















Colden (president), 











August 27, 1664,. 

May, 1668, 

October 31, 1674,. 
May 16, 1672, . . . 
August 27, 1683,. 
March 19, 1691,.. 
July 23, 1691, . . . 
August 30, 1692,. 

April 2, 1698, 

May, 1699, 

July, 1700, 

March 5, 1701,... 

March, 1701 

May 19,1701,.... 
May 3, 1702, .... 
December 18, 1708, 
May 6, 1709, .... 

May 9. 1709, 

April 10, 1710,... 
June 14, 1710,... 
September 17, 1720, 
April 15, 1728,... 
July 1,1731, .... 
August 1,1732,.. 
March 10, 1736,.. 
September 22, 1743, 
October 10, 1753, 
October 12, 1753, 
September 3, 1755, 

June 2, 1757, 

August 4, 1760,. . 
October 26, 1761, 
November 13, 1761, 
June 14,1762,... 
June 25, 1763,... 
November 13, 1765, 
September 12, 1769, 
October 19, 1770,. 

July 9, 1771, 

April 6, 1774,.... 
June 26,1775,... 



















Abbott, George F., died, 262 
John James, died, 262 

Abeel, Johannes, 123, 124, 126, 
127, 138, 140, 142, 150, 156, 
158, 159, 164 ; alderman, 
108, 110, 123, 130, 133, 135, 
136, 138, 141 ; recorder, 
147, 152, 158, 184, 186 
Lansing D., 355 

Academy, 336 ; anniversary, 
352 ; projected, 313 ; statis- 
tics, 370 

Accounts of city to be made up, 
138, 139, 153 ; called in, 167 

Adams, Ann Bassett, died, 262 
John, 292 

Adee, Thomas, died, 351 

Adriaense, Pieter, 105 

Aertse, Joris, shot, 245 

Agent sent to London, 197 

Agnew, John, died, 262 

Aguenden, chief sachem, 260, 

Akin & Schuyler, lease ferry, 

Albany county representation in 
colonial assembly, 26; Records 
translated 33 ; see County. 

Albertse, Annetje, 40 
Jan, 88 

Albertson, Isaac, witness, 52 

Aldermen, fine for non-attend- 
ance, 134 

Alexander, Robt., shot, 245 

Allen, Mrs. Henry A., died, 344 
Mrs. James, died, 262 

Allgas, Abraham Nicholas, the 
Pole, found dead, 99, 103 

Ailing, Rosina M., died, 262 

Aloff, Mary, shot, 245 
Ames, Ezra, painter and en- 
graver, 295 ; president, 366 
Anable & Smith, 365 
Anderson, Mrs. Caroline A., 

died, 350 
Andol, Reinhart, drowned, 351 
Andrew, Mrs. Christina, died, 

Andrews, John, died, 262 
Thomas, died, 262, 279 
Andries, Daniel, 246 
Andriessen, Albert, divorced, 14 
Andros, Sir Edmund, 226, 248, 

249, 251, 252, 253, 260,378 
Annals for the year 1852, 329-368 
Antiquated ideas, 217 
Anti-rent excursion, 336 
Aqueduct to the fort, 147 ; di- 
vidend, 305 
Arently, Harmen, 46 
Arentsen, Harmen, his mark, 

47 ; dismissed, 47 
Armenia, Mrs., died, 353 
Arming recommended, 72 
Armoes, friar, 259 
Arms furnished citizens, 19 
of Norway, useful, 33 
of Rensselaerwick, ship, 48 
Armsby, J. H., rec. sec, 346 
Arsenal, contemplated, 293 
Artcher, John, 129 
Arts, Capt. John, 358, 364 
Ashenden, James H., died, 262 
Ashton, Mrs. Margaret, died, 

Aspinwall, Lewis, died, 347 
Assemblyman, reasonable char- 
ges of, 110 



Assemblymen, salaries of, 113 

Assessment, 126, 129, 138, 139, 
140, 282; 1701, 114^ 1702, 145, 
148, 153; 1703, 159; 1852, 369'; 
for firewood, 174, 175, 185 ; for 
sand on burial place, 158, 175 ; 
for the king, 110; for watch, 
111; for stockadoes, 112; to 
pay garrison, 194, 195. 

Associate Ref. Presbytery, 305 

Aukas, Douwe, 101 

Mrs. Douwe, killed, 246 

Aurania, 23 

Aurora, 336 

Austin, Depeyster D., died, 348 
John, died, 355 

Backer, Jochim Wessels, 105 
Backerus, Rev., 53 
Backus, Mrs. E. F., died. 315 
Badgehott, John, nobleman, 52 

Thomas, planter, 52 
Bagbey, Abel, died, 262 
Bager, Mrs. Henry, died, 356 
Bailey, William P., died, 338 
Baker, Captain, 3 
Ballston road improved, 308 
Bamber, John, burnt, 350 
Bank of Albany, 217, 295 
Banker, Evert; 98, 162 ; alder- 
man, 172, 183, 187; deacon, 
97 ; grantee, 198 

Gerard, treasurer, 291 

Gerrit, 162 
Banyar, Goldsbrow, 306 

Goldsborough, Jun., 315, 318 
Baptist, Jan, 246 
Bar, meeting of, 358 
Barber, John, died, 262 

Robert, died, 262 

& Southwick, 295 

Nancy, died, 289 
Bardwell, William A., died, 359 
Barents, Andries, 247 
Barker, Thos., 311 
Barley, price of, 367 ; sales, 364 
Barnard, Sarah, died, 329 
Barnes, Angelica Alexandrina, 
died, 263 

Barnes, Ann, 263 

Catharine, 262 

Elizabeth Caroline, died, 263 

John, 262 

Katherine, 263 

Samuel, 263 
Barrett, Robert, cartman, 96 ; 

rattel watch, 91, 92, 110, 138 
Bartley, William, died, 263 
Bass lane filled, 302 

large, taken, 305, 357 
Bassett, Rev. J., 291, 298, 309 
Bastiaensen, Harmen [Viss- 

cher (?)] 46, 47, 124 
Battersby, Wm. John, 331 
Bayard, Colonel, 252 
Bears island, fort on, protested 

against, 45 ; challenge at, 46, 

48 ; usurped, 59 ; toll levied 

at, 60 ; see Beeren island 
Beasley, Rev., 309 
Beaver, Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 

creek, owned by church, 93 
Beavers, value changed, 84 ; 

tax on, 61 ; complained of, 75 ; 

currency, 38 ; price of, 1644, 

38, 42 
Beck, T. Romeyn, 336, 874 
Becker, Jan, 89, 120 

Jan Juriaens, notary, 4 
Bedell, Lorenzo M., died, 358 
Bedford, David, junr., died, 263 

Catherine, died, 263 
Beebe, Mrs, George, died, 263 

Rebecca, died, 346. 
Beeby, Hester, died, 266 
Beecher, Francis Seger, died, 

Theodore W., died, 263 
Beecker, Jan Jurians, school- 
master, 9 
Beef, price 1692, 195 
Beekman, Capt., 257 
Gov., 378 

Joh., 99, 104, 140, 145, 147, 
152 ; assistant alderman, 
132, 135, 136, 138, 151, 153 
Beer kettle, accident, 355 



Beeren island, quarantine at, 

149, 150"; see Bears island. 
Beers, Mr., 313 
Begon, Sieur, 233 
Bell, delayed, 84; sent over, 85 
Charles T., died, 263 
Elizabeth, died, 354 
Francis H., died, 263 
Isaac, died, 263 
James, 263 
Maria. 263 
Bellomont, governor, 378; ad- 
dress to, 96, 106, 198 
Bells at funerals regulated, 306 
Bender, C. W., 356 
Benham, Mrs. James, died, 263 
Benjamin, Caleb, died, 338 
Bennett, Lieut. John, 121, 128 
Capt., 129 
Ensign, 244 
Bensen, Mrs. Garret, died, 356 
Bensing, D., 97 
Berger, Andrew, died, 263 
Bern estates, 297 
Bethel, Hebrew, 339 
Bethlehem estates, 297; turn- 
pike, 313 ; directors chosen, 
Washington Guards, 337 
Bew, Lancelot, died, 263 
Bill, James, assemblyman, 293 
Black, John, 263 

William I., died, 263 
Black Kaven, ship, 43 
Blake, Nicholas, constable, 133 
Blanchard, Anthony, 263 

J. W., entered by burglars, 344 
Mary Elizabeth, died, 263 
Blatchford, Rev. Samuel, 315 
Bleakley, William, died, 263 
Bleecker, Capt., 255 
J., 244 
Jan Janse, recorder, 88, 90, 

93. 95; justice, 94, 119 
Johannes, 88, 119, 121, 126, 
127, 141, 142, 150; assist- 
ant alderman, 89, 90 ; re- 
corder, 116, 123, 124, 128, 
131 ; mayor, 134 

Bleecker, Johannis, 142 

John Johnson, 121, 126, 128, 
129, 131, 134, 142 ; justice, 
123 ; mayor, 108, 113, 127 
JohnR., 327 
John, sen., 199 
Margaret L., died, 344 
Mrs. Henry, died, 330 
Nicolas, 170 
Recorder, 95 
Bleeker hall fair, 330 
Blockhouses, repairs of, 203 ; 
firewood for, 89 ; proposal to 
avoid, 90 
Bloemart, skipper, 61 
Bloodgood, Adam, 327 
Blunt's building, 366 
Boardman, Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 

Boat capsized, 351 
Boedel, definition of, 187 
Bogardus, Cornelius, defendant, 
1 ; schoolmaster, 96 
E., witness, 51 
Helena, 2 
Mr., attorney, 2 
Pr.,97, 98,104,117,118,120, 
121, 149 
Bogart, Gerrit, 315 
Henry I., 293 
Jacob, 138, 174 
John, Jr., 333 
Bonaire, 74 
Bonnevue, Sieur Chevalier de 

Callieres, 233 
Boom, Mary Ann, died, 343 
Bork, Charles, died, 263 

Rev Christian, 291 
Born, Eliza, died, 354 
Bort, Cornells Mauritsen, 46 
Borthwick, Alexander, died, 337 
Boundaries, agreement on, 71 
Bouts, Geertje, son captured, 

Bowers, Benjamin, died, 330 

Mr. D. N., killed, 354 
Boyd, Hugh, di^d, 263 
Mary Catherine, died, 263 
Mrs. Hugh, 263 



Boyd, Peter, assistant secretary, 

Boyle, Arthur, 264 
Mrs. Arthur, 264 
William Spencer, died, 264 
Brabanters settle Schenectady, 

Bradford, John, ordained, 319 
Bradhorst, see Broadhurst. 
Bradshaw, Edward, Jun., died, 
James, 263 
Mrs. James, 263 
Bradstreet, Jonathan, fire mas- 
ter, 101 
Bradt, Anthony, 89 
Brady, John, drowned, 350 
Brainard, Elijah, 264 
Mrs. Elijah, died, 264 
Nancy C, died, 264 
Brammall, James, died, 264 
Branemard, Henry, died, 264 
Braugan, John, died, 350 
Bratt, Anthony, 99, 149, 169; 
petition for exemption from 
taxes, 180; sexton, 175; 
treasurer, 108, 133, 138, 
151, 153, 172, 184 
Arentsen, killed, 246 
Barent, 115, 128 ; firemaster, 

Barent Albertsen, 99 ; in- 

fences highway, 116 
Catharine, died, 264 
Daniel, 129 

Dirk, collector, 184; constable, 
]51 ; assessor, 151 ; sheriff 
ordered to break his fence 
down, 179 
G. T.,264 
Joh., 129 
Mrs. G. T., 264 
Bread, assize of, 316, 318, 319; 
of 1803, 310 ; of 1804, 313, 315 ; 
assize of, 296 ; price of, 1799, 
295; 1801, 303 
Brennan, Alexander, died, 337 
Brewer, Richard, petitions for 
naturalization, 146 

Brewer street, 91, 92 
Brewery, solicit to build, 48 
Briare, Peter, died, 264 
Brick manufacture, 78 
Bridge, over Rutten kil rebuilt, 

163 ; repair of, 89, 95,112, 113 ; 
Broadhurst, Jonathan, consta- 
ble, 99, 108, 116 ; fire master, 

110; sheriff, 123, 132, 138 
Brockaw, Abraham, 291 
Brockhust, Gov., 378 
Bronk, Jan, 88 
Brooks, Elizabeth, died, 290 
Brown, Allen, died, 339 

Andrew & Co., store to be 
sold, 301 

Andrew, vice president, 311 

George G., died, 337 

Mrs. Nathaniel, died, 264 

Nathaniel, 264 
Brownlow, William, died, 338 
Bruas, Jesuit, 96 
Brugh, Pr., 164 
Brutus wig introduced, 292 
Bryan, John, 295 
Buckbee, David, died, 264 
Buckman, Mrs. John, died, 345 
Bulger, Mrs. Richard, died, 338 
Bull, Mrs. Sylvester, died, 357 

Capt. Jonathan, 244, 245 
Bullions, George H., died, 353 

Rev. Peter, 353 
Bulson, Mrs. Rebecca, died, 335 
Bundy, Hamilton, died, 353 
Burger blockhouse, 152, 184 
Burgess, Thomas, died, 264 

Mrs. Thomas, died, 264 
Burglaries, 329, 330, 335, 337, 

338, 343, 344, 347, 348, 350, 

353, 359, 365 
Burhans, David, 318 

John H., 315 
Burial place filled, 158, 175 ; 

without the city, 177 
Burnet, Gov., 378 
Burnop, Mrs. Mary, died, 356 

Mrs. Matthew, died, 264 
Burr, Aaron, president, 304 
Burt, David, captured, 246 



Burt, Mrs. D. R., died, 351 

Mrs. Uri, died, 351 
Butchers, licensed, 13 
Butler, Rev. David, 314 
Bygate, Richard, died, 359 

Cadarachqui(Frontenac), 124 
Caldwell, James, 217, 218 ; re- 
tired, 307 
Fraser & Co., 307 
medal, 332 

William, merchant, 307, 376 
Calf, Claes Jansen, 44 
Calhoun, Mrs. John, died, 264 
Callier, Mons., 121, 233; pro- 
ject of, 226 ; see Bonnevue. 
Callieres, Sieur Chevalier, 233, 

237 ; see De Callieres. 
Calvert, Edward, died, 264 
Cameron, Mrs. Ann, died, 355 
Camp, E. A., died, 350 
Campbell, Duncan, 367 ; died, 
Mrs. Daniel, died, 264 
Mrs. John, 264 
Rev. Dr., 365 
Canada expedition, charges of, 

203 ; furs, 78 
Canal Bank, 367 
closed, 364, 365 
company, 1799, 293, 298, 306 
embarrassments, 306 
open 1852, 339 
Canals, plans for, 211 
Candles ordered for city guard, 

Canestegeone (Niskayuna), 110 ; 
assessment, 114; officers, 1701, 
133 ; 1702, 151 ; election, 173 ; 
garrisoned, 183 ; tax on, 164 
Capitulation of the Dutch, 21 
Captain's pay, 1696, 197 
Carman appointed, 137; to ob 

tain license, 89 
Carmichael, Mrs. James, died, 

Carr, John, 104, 129, 132; 
plaintiff, 103 
Robert, 24 

Carter, Benjamin W., died, 331 

Catharine, died, 264 

Theophilus, died, 264 
Carters, city, licensed, 96 
Carson, David, died, 358 
Carstense, Warner, 104, 174; 

assessor, 151 ; fire master, 

101, 110 
Carteret, Geo., 24 
Cary, Mrs., 352 
Case, Tryphena, died, 331 
Casperse [Hallenbeck] Isaac, 
109 ; Jacob, 88 

Jan, 105, 126, 142; admin- 
istrator, 97, 98 ; attached, 
141 ; justice, 94 
Cathedral dedicated, 359 
Catholic church, first, 292 
Catskil, Van Twiller desires to 

obtain, 58; assessed, 114; 

new officers created, 205 ; 

tax, 94, 95, 164 ; ward, Shal- 

ler's island belongs to, 94 
Cattle, want of, 39 
Cavalry company recommended, 

Caviar manufacture recom- 
mended, 75 
Cayhe, John, died, 365 
Census 1800, 300 ; ordered, 126, 

141, 142 
Chandler, Samuel, died, 338 
Chapman, Jedediah, 308 
Charity school, 317 
Charter of liberty s and privi- 
leges, 25 
Cbatfield, Wm., died, 359 
Cheeseman, Calvin, 293 
Cherry Hill, 340, 343 

Valley Turnpike Company, 

Chesnut, Ann, died, 265 

William, 265 
Chimney inspection, 101 

sweeping, cost of, 171 
Chimneys to be inspected, 109 
Christianse, Jan, path master, 

Christoffelse, David, burnt, 245 



Church controversy, 61, 62 ; lot 

in State street enlarged and 

confirmed, 126, 127 ; pasture 

controversy, 117,120; street 

to be filled, 302 ; yard repairs, 

Churches, freedom confirmed by 

English, 31; in 1795, 217; in 

Troy, 314 
Churchill, 0., robbed, 337 
Circulating library, 295, 310 
City, deplorable condition of, 106 

gate keeper, 185 

hall, act to build, 202 ; 1804, 

records of the, 1695 to 1705, 

Tavern, 313 

Volunteers, 358, 364 
Claese, Cornells, constable, 108 

Hugo, superintendent of salt 
works 74; and of Rinkhout, 
or brush wood, 74 

Johannes, 138 

Lawrence, interpreter, 123 

Wm. (Groesbeeck), 138, 157 
Claessen, Isbrand, 48, 49 ; dis- 
missed, 47 ; witness, 48 

Johannes, 166 

Lawrence, 203 
Clark John, suicide of, 359 

Mrs. Thomas, died, 265 

Rosetta G. died, 270 

Wm. A., 265 
Clarke, George, Gov,, 378 

Thomas, 24 
Clay, Henry, remains received, 

Clench, Benjamin, 265 

Benj. v., died, 265 

Elizabeth, 265 

Geo., died, 265 

Hannah, died, 265 

Mrs. Benjamin V., died, 265 

Richard, died, 265 

William, died, 265 
Clinton, George, 342, 378 ; ar- 
rival of, 302 ; vote for, 301 

Gov. DeWitt, 342 

Cluett, John J., died, 265 
Coal company 1802, 306 
Cobb, Catalina Gibbons, died, 

Esther Robinson, died, 265 

Mrs. Sanford, died, 265 
Cochrane, John, died, 350 
Cock, sloop, 12 
Cod fisheries, 75 
Coe, Rev. Jonas, 314, 315 
Coeyman, Peter, constable, 133 

Barent Pieterse, 94 

estates, 297 
Coffee, 1799, 295 

Bruce, & Turner, robbed, 344 
Coffer, children died, 265 
Cohoes falls bridge, 219, 220 
Cold, 331 
Colden, Gov., 378 
Cole, Edward M., died, 330 
Coleman, John, died, 357 
Colling, Catherine, died, 266 
Collins, James, died, 266 

John, 157, 167, 170 

John James, died, 266 

Mr., freeman, 131 

Teresa Sparrow, died, 265 

William, died, 266 
Collison, John, boards soldiers, 

Colonic, act respecting, 312 
Colonies, extent of, fixed, 74 ; or 

patents, report on required, 81 
Colonists settle dispute, 70 
Colvard, Asa, 318 
Colvin, Mrs. Andrew J., died, 

Comedians at Thespian Hotel, 308 
Commerce of 1795, 214 ; regu- 
lated, 39 
Commissaries recusant, 57 
Common council, 1852, 339 ; hold 

meetings in the morning, 134 
Cone, Mr., 364 

Congregational convention, 357 
Congroove, Chas., 158; freeman, 

Conine,Philip,Jr., assemblyman, 



Rebecca, died, 351 
Conley, John, died, 353 
Connors, John, drowned, 350 
Constitution U. S., objections to, 

Constitutional convention, 1801, 

Cook, Edward H., 266 

John, died, 266 

Margaret, died, 266 

Prof., 373 
Cooper, Ann L., 266 

Elizabeth Fennimore, died, 

Richard F., 266 
Coorn, Nicolas, 48; hires Afri- 
can slave, 51 ; sheriff, 36 
Corbett, Edward, cartman, 96 
Corey, Mrs. Moses, died, 266 
Corlear, or Schenectady, 240 
Corn measurer, 11 

price of, 367 

bags to be marked, 140 
Cornbury, Edward, viscount, 147 

178, 182, 199, 378 
Cornelis, Laurens, skipper, 24 
Cornelissen, Adriaen, 34 

Dirk, house for, 34 
Comely, Steventje, 44 
Corning, Erastus, delegate, 330 ; 
vice president, 339 ; presi- 
dent, 359, 367 

& Winslow's Nail works burnt, 
Coroner's jury, 99 ; summoned, 

154 ; verdict of, 155 
Cortelijou, Jaques, 5 
Cosby, Gov., 378 
Cosgrove, Eliza, died, 285 
Cosseau, James, 24 
Coster, Anth., 166, 170, 179, 
260 ; assistant alderman, 
172, 180 ; assessor, 132 ; 
firemaster, 153 

"Willem Cornelis, murdered, 41 
Cottam, Jane, died, 266 

Mrs. Wm. C, died, 266 
Coudre, name for Major Sander 

Glen, 241 

Annals^ iv. 33 

Countreman, Margaret, died, 

Country, alarming state of, 291 
County charges, 1701, 113 ; of- 
ficers increased, 205 ; project 

to divide, 350 ; subdivided, 

300, 301; tax, 1703, 164; 

towns composing, 301 
Court of assize, records of, 1 ; 

house sold, 311 ; martial, 184 
Courthouse, repair of, 113, 115 
Courtney, S. G., orator, 349 
Courts to be established, 69 
Coxsackie estate, 297 ; tax, 94, 

95, 164 ; to elect supervisor, 

Cozine, Mr,, 142 
Craig, John, died, 266 

Thomas, died, 266 
Crane, Elisha, died, 266 

Rudolphis, died, 267 

Samuel, died, 343 
Crawford, John, died, 267 

Mary, died, 264 
Crawlier, 195 

Cregier, Marten, 37, 38, 42 ; as- 
sessor, 108 

Martin, 37 
Crier sent out to find fire appara- 
tus, 185 
Criminal statistics, 368 
Croesvelts, Bay, 16, 105 
Crol, Bastiaen Jansen, 35 
Croon, Dirk Jans, 85 
Cros (or Krop) Bastian, 41 
Gumming, Daniel, 311 
Cunliff, Mrs. Sarah died, 351, 

Sarah Lane, died, 357 
Cunningham, Aletia, died, 267 
Cunningham, Andrew, 267 

John D., 311 
Cure, Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 357 
Customs for river trade, 12, 14 
Cuyler, Abraham, 166, 170, 174, 

327 ; assistant alderman, 184, 

Anna, 161 

Catharine, died, 356 

Henry, 161 



Cuyler, Jacob, 356 

Johanuis, 88, 90, 93, 94, 99, 
105, 113, 119, 121, 123, 124, 
125, 126, 127, 140, 142, 145, 
149, 150, 156, 157, 158, 159, 
alderman, 88, 108, 112, 113, 
116, 117, 126, 131, 132, 135, 
136, 144, 151, 153, 167, 168, 
172, 180, 184, 187 ; deacon, 
97 ; justice, 88, 141, 155 

John, 203, 204, 205 

Mrs. John, died, 267 

Dady, Michael, died, 358 
Dalfsen, J. T. V., 318 
Dallius street filled, 302 
Damen, Maritie [Van Nes], 11 
Darke, Charles 0., died, 267 

xMrs. Sarah, died, 267 
Davidson, Mrs. JobnM. B.,died, 

Davis, Delia Ann, died, 353 

Mrs. Wm., died, 353 
Davison, Mrs. Andrew, died, 

Daws, Adriana, 267 

Carey, died, 267 

John, 267 
Dazen, Simon, died, 267 
Dean, Dr., 344 
Death penalty for furnishing 

Indians with guns, 39 
De Bruine, John, 252 
De Caillieres, Sieur Chevalier, 

237 ; see Callieres 
De Decker, John, 24, 85 ; made 

counsellor, 85 
De Freest, Mrs. Anna, died, 337 
De Frontenac, Sieur, 233, 234, 

De Goyer, Jan Roeloffse, burnt, 

De Groot, Willem Petersen, 47 
De Haase, Roelof, tax receiver, 

De Hulter, Johan, 76 
D'Iberville, Messieur, 240 
Deitz, Adam, 318 

Deitz, Johan Jost, assemblyman, 

293, 305 
De Key, Willem, 49, 51 
De La Barca, M. Calderon, 331 
De La Caffiniere, 233, 234, 238 
De La Fayette, 213 
De La Mater, Doctor, 354 
De La Montague, Jan, 69, 71 

see Montague 
De Lancy, Gov., 378 
Delavall, Mr. Thomas, 5, 6, 14, 

Delavan, E. C, libel suit, 347 
Delaware turnpike incorporated, 

Dellius, Dom. Godefridus, 120 ; 

his grant on Hudson river, 

198 ; deposed, 199 
De Mantet, Lt. Daillebout, 239 
De Meyer, Wm., 96 
De Monseignat, Mons., 238 
De Montessen, Repentigny, 239 
De Montigny, M., 242 
Denniston, Hugh, died, 338 

Isaac, died, 366 
Denniston's tavern, 291 
Denny, Mrs. Capt. John, died, 267 
Denonville, M., 226 
De Pey, Willem, attorney, 36 
De Peyster, Gov., 378 
De Kidder, Leift. Evert, 254, 255 
De Wandelaer, Johannes, 91, 92, 
104, 132, 155, 157 

Jobs, Jun., 129 
De Wilt, Dr., 313 

Mrs. Dorothy, died, 336 
Dexter, Aid., 349 
Dey Ermand, James, died, 343 
Dickinson, Benj., 291 
Dickson, Richard, 187 
Dillon, Rachel, died, 267 
Dincklaken, Lubbert, an inva- 
der, 59, 63, 67, 68 
Dirksen, Barend, 35 

Takel, 128, 138 

Tonis, 33, 34 
Divorce, 14 
Dix, Joshua G., died, 337 

John, sloop captain, 12 



Dobbs, Mrs. Thomas J., died, 

Doggett, William, died, 337 
Dogs muzzled, 347 
Dole, Ann, died, 265 

Geo., died, 267 

James, died, 267 

Mrs., 310 

Mrs. James, died, 267 

Rebecca, died, 267 
Don, Ebenezer J., died, 348 

Elisha, 318 
Douagliey, John, died, 338 
Donahue, Bridget, died, 358 
Dongan, Gov. Thomas, 31, 109, 
120, 251, 253, 378 

Gov., orders patents for city 

lots to be relinquished, 109 

Donnelly, Capt. Peter, Junr., 

died, 268 
Donovan, James, died, 346 

John, died, 346 
Dooner, Catharine, died, 387 
Dorset, Martin, died, 268 

AVilliam Henry, died, 268 
Doty, Prince, assemblyman, 293 
Douw, Andreas, 121 

John D, P., died, 338 

Jonas, 121 

Peter W., 327 

Volkert A., 327 

Volkert Janse, 120 

widow Deritie, 120 
Douwes, Carman, 46 

Harman, 47 
Dow, Hendrik, constable, 133 
Dowd, Michael, 338 
Downing, Mr., 346 
Drake, Elizabeth, died, 350 
Driessen, Samuel, preacher in 

Dutch and English, 71 ; see 

Van Driesen 
Drohan, Mrs. Betsey, died, 344 
Drowned, 344, 345, 350, 351 
Duanesburgh estates, 297 
Dudley, Charles E., 348 

observatory trustees, 346 
Duffels, value of, 1699, 260 
Dummer, Nathan, died, 268 

Dummer, Stephen, 268 

Duncan, James, died, 343 
John, 327 
Wm. Henry, died, 351 

Dunfrey, Joannah, drowned, 352 

Dunlevy, Mary, died, 268 

Dunmore, Gov., 378 

Dunn, Christopher, died, 358 ; 
tavern keeper, 300 
Francis, died, 268 
Mrs. Philip, died, 330 
Mrs. Bichard, died, 268 
Richard, died, 268 
Wm. died, 268 

Dupettithouars, Mr. 209, 210, 
212, 223 

Dutch capitulation, 21 

church burglary, 335 ; effort 
to enlarge, 134 ; recognized 
as the established Church 
by the English, 7 ; tract ex- 
tended, 93 ; customs, 215 
old, 320 

Dwyer, John Wanbury, died, 268 

Dyckman, Johannes, bookkeep- 
er, 64 

Dyer, Rev. David, 364 

Eaglestone, Richard, died, 268 
Early, Mrs. Ellen, died, 348 
Eclipse, 330 

Edward, James, died, 280 
Eendragt, ship, 37 
Eights, Rebecca, died, 364 
Elbertsen, Elbert, 46, 47 
Eldridge, Richard, 268 

Typhena Ann, died, 268 
Election, 1700, 108 ; 1701, 132; 

1702, 151; 1703, 172; 1704, 

183; 1798, 292; 1799, 293; 

1800, 301; 1804, 313; 1805, 

318; 1852,359 
Electors, 1775, 1777, 1802, 305 
Ellison, Mr., 298 
Elmendorf, Harman W., died, 

346 - 
Engines go to Troy fire, 358 
Engle, Nicholas, 352 

Peter, drowned, 352 



English, fear of usurpation by, 
56 ; vessels taxed 1 6 per cent, 64 
Engraving by Ames, 295 
Episcopalians prevalent in Sche- 
nectady, 211 
Erwin, John, his age, 357 
Estates in city, 148, 168, 169, 

176; in the county, 159 
Evans, John, merchant, 52 
Evertsen, John, 35 
Marta, 268 
Tryphena Ann, 268 
Excise, farmer of, 203 
Express train to Buffalo, 347 

Fabritius, Jacobus, Lutheran 

pastor, suspended, 7; restored, 

Fair held by order of common 

council, 296 
Fairman, Loren P., died, 339 
Fairs first established, 195 
Fall, deaths by, 351 
Fare from Holland 1638, 33, 61 
Farms in 1795, 217 
Farrell, Mary, died, 345 
Fast riding and driving prohibi- 
ted, 111 
Fay, Mrs Edward, died, 359 
Female. Academy, 326 

Seminary, 336 
Fenno. Caroline, died, 268 
Ferry lease forfeited, 355, 356 

rents, 316, 319 

street filled, 302 
Fidler, Mary, died, 269 
Finances of 1852, 360 
Fine for refusal to take office, 
173, 174; for selling liquors 
without license, 174 

of alderman, 134, 152 
Finn, Richard, died, 348 
Fire, 329, 330, 331, 335, 336, 
337, 338, 344, 346, 348, 349 
350, 351, 354, 356, 357, 358, 
359, 364, 365, 366 

annihilator, 356 

apparatus, 135, 153 ; ordered, 

Fire, companies arrived, 354, 
department, cost of, 361 
masters, 1701, 135, 153, 174 ; 
1784, 185 ; to inspect fire 
places, 127, 135 
regulations, 157 
Firevrood, bad, furnished sol- 
diers, 92 ; tax of, 89 ; to be 
removed from the streets, 102, 
117, 143, 146 
First Baptist Ch., begun, 339 ; 
occupied, 357, 365 ; pews 
rented, 365 
Ward divided, 301 
Fish, Mr., 336 

S. M. & Co., 356 
Fisheries, 314 
Fisk, Francis, died, 269 

Mrs. Joseph, died, 281 
Fitzgerald, Mrs. Ann, died, 344 
Fitzpatrick, John, died, 269 
Mrs. Ann, died, 357 
Mrs. Peter, died, 357 
Five nations, present to, 202 
Fletcher, Col., 198 

Gov., 378 
Flood, Mrs., died, 350 
Flower of Guelder, ship, 82 
Floy, Mrs. Jane, died, 337 
Fonda, Gysbert, 327 
Foot, Ebenezer, died, 269 
Mrs. Mary D., died, 357 
Ford, Dr., 352 
Foreest, Philip, 129, 260 
Forsyth, Bussel, 334 
Fort hill, 302 

Casimer built, 70; supplied, 73 
earthen in 1690, 229 
Frederic, view of, 328 ; guard 

doubled, 91 
Nassau demolished, 70 
Orange, boundaries, 82; brew- 
ery built in, 48 ; built and 
garrisoned before Van Ren- 
sselaer purchased, 55, 60, 
62 ; debarred free naviga- 
tion, 45 ; garden owners 
expelled by Slichtenhorst, 



Fort Orange, continued — 

69 ;. houses built around, 
53 ; provisional measures, 
77 ; repaired, 199 

repair of, 6 

wall built, 147 
Fortifications, act for repairing, 

Foster, Mrs. Jane M., died, 350 
Fowler, William, 295 ; survivor, 

366 ; Mrs. William, died, 330 
Francis, John Henry, died, 269 

Joseph, 269 

Mary Eliza, died, 269 

Mrs. Joseph, 269 
Franks, Isaac, 352 

Joseph, drowned, 352 
Frazer, John, died, 339 
Frftzier, Col., 300 
Fredenrick, Ann Eliza, died, 271 

John C, 271 

Mrs. John C, 271 
Freedoms purchased, 131 
Freehold estates, 297 
Freeholder, what constituted, 

Freeholders, 1802, 305 
Freemen canker of, circumvent- 
. ed, 45 ; list of, 132 
Freerman, Rev., salary of, 107 
Freest, Philip, 125 
Freeze, Johannes, 16 
French captives, 62 

forces in Canada, 228 

invasion rumored, 17 

Mrs. Martha, died, 335 

wars, wasting effects of, re- 
lieved, 192 

Wm., 311 
Freshet, 335, 339, 345, 365 
Frisbie, John, legislator, 305 
Frontiers, act for security, 193, 

194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 202; 

expense of defending, 191 
Frost, Datus E. died, 336 
Frothy, Robert, 132 
Fryer, Catharine, died, 269 

Isaac, died, 269 

John, died, 269 

Fryer, Mrs. Isaac, died, 269 
Mrs. Thomas, died, 269 
William, died, 269 

Funeral bells regulated, 306 

Fur trade, entrepot of, 227 ; re- 
served to W. I., company, 55, 

Fusiliers, act for support of, 
193, 194, 196, 197, 199 

Fyne, John, 104, 115, 132 

Gaffney, Mrs. John, J., died, 346 
Gaillard, Commissary, 235 
Gaine & Ten Eyck, 297 
Galin, Peter, 63 
Gallien, John, died, 347 
Gallup, Albert, 269 

Francis William, died, 269 

Nath., 318 
Gansevoort, Hanna, 97, 98, 104. 

Garden owners expelled, 69 
Gardine, or city fence where the 

creeks run through, 148 
Garretsen, Goosen, [see Van 

Garrison, condition of, 143, 144 
Garten, Capt., 257 
Gate to be set up at the fort, 152 
Gates, Daniel V., died, 269 

of the city to be repaired, 148 ; 

expense of shutting, 171 
Gearon, Anthony, died, 356 
Gelder of horses, 10 
General assembly created, 191 
Genet mansion, 340 
George, Ann, died, 338 
Gerrets, Walter, obtains land, 

Gerritse, Capt. Marten, deceased, 

Claes, constable, 173 ; path 
master, 151 

Elbert, 135, 138, 166 ; asses- 
sor, 151, 184 

Gysbert, son captured, 246 

Johannis, assessor, 151, 172 

Luykas, 89, 148, 152; to 
assess tax, 95 ; 



Gerritse,Luykas, assistant, alder- 
man, 90, 108, 110, 126, 132, 
138, 151, 153 

Ryer, 135, 166, 174 

Sander, burnt, 245 
Gerritsen, Lubbert, 43 

Lucas, foreman, 99 

Olfert, 67 

Philip, 42, 43 

Roeloff, path master, 173 
Gibbons, Amelia, 283 

Esther, 265 

James, 265, 269 ; died, 270 

John B., died, 364 

Mrs. James, 269 

Phoebe Ann, died, 265 
Gibson, Joseph, died, 359 

Wm., died, 351 
Gilbert, Jr., 186 

John, deputy sheriff, 185 
Gilchrist, Charles, died, 339 
Gill, Bernard, drowned, 352 

Elizabeth, died, 290 

Elizabeth M., died, 263 

Geo., died, 269 

John, 290 

John W., died, 270 

Matthew, died, 270 

Mrs. John, died, 270 

Mrs. Matthew, died, 270 

Mrs. William, 270 

William, died, 270 
Gillespie, Hai-riet E. De Nor- 

mandie, died, 270 
Given, John, sheriff, 200 
Gladding, Geo. W. Jr., died, 270 

Jane McN., died, 270 

Mrs. George W., died, 270, 350 

Mrs. Timothy C, died, 270 
Glass, John, died, 270 
Glasshouse, 217 
Glen, Capt. Sander, 245 ; escapes 

massacre, 241 ; see Sander 
Glossary, 187 
Goats, 39 

Goewey, Mrs. Jacob, died, 271 
Good Hope yacht, 46 
Goodrich, Mary, died, 270 
Goodridge, E. P., 270 

Gott, John, died, 332, 333 
Gould, Dickinson & Co., dis- 
solved, 291 
Job, 291 

Mrs. Mary, died, 335 
Mrs. William, died, 335 
Thos., 291 
Gourlay, Maria, died, 283 
Governors of New York, from 

1664 to 177 378 
Grace Church dedicated, 364 
Graef, ship, 76 

Graham, Octavia Maria, died, 271 
Grand jury indictments, 355 
Grant, John, 311 

Ralph, shot, 245 
Graves, George, died, 330 
Gray, Robert, died, 270 
Green, Ann Jane, died, 271 

Edward, died, 271 
Green, Frances Elizabeth, died, 
Mrs. Edward, died, 271 
street Bap. Church reconvert- 
ed to a theatre, 338 ; 
theatre reopened, 349, 365 ; 
closed by sheriff, 351 
Greenbush garrisoned, 183 ; 

ferry, 355, 356, 357 
Greenfield, Miss, negro song- 
stress, 331 
Gregory, Mary, died, 289 

Matthew, takes Tontine, 301 ; 

died, 271 
Mrs Matthew, died, 271 
Gridley, Capt. Ira, died, 357 
Griffin, John, died, 339 

& Buel, burnt, 359 
Grimes, Mrs. MaryE., died, 347 
Groenendyk, Joh., 144, 150 
Groesbeck, Claes, Jacobse, 177; 
Stephanus, 174; collector, 
133, 173, 183; constable, 
151 ;trader, 165 
John, 271 

Mrs John, died, 271 
Groesbeeck, William Claese, 97, 
98, 104, 127, 177 
William, 155 ; seeClaese 



Groot, Symon, sons captured, 

Guard, forfeits of, 204 
Guarin, Bridget, died, 357 
Guest, Henry, 318 
Gunn, Margaret, died, 389 
Guns of the city repaired, 187 ; 

smuggled, 50 
Gysbertse, Wm., 128, 138, 166, 


Hagaman & Cowell, robbed, 350 

Mrs. Garrit, died, 277 
Hale, Elizabeth, died, 339 
Half Moon, assessed ; 114, gar- 
risoned, 183 ; election, 173 ; 
officers, 1701, 133; 1702, 151 
Hall, Ann, died, 262 
Daniel, director, 304 
Johns., 271 
Thomas, 64 ; died, 337 
Victoria Harriett, died, 271 
Hallenbeck, Jacob Casperse, 88 ; 

see Casperse 
Hamilton, Alex., 219; died, 344 
Hammond, Thomas Austin, died, 
Hancock, John, died, 354 
Hand, Mrs. Israel P., died, 359 
Hanford, George, died, 356 
Hannah, James died, 345 
Hanse, Hend., 91, 98, 103, 104, 
121, 141, 152, 156, 157, 158, 
159, 170, 173, 199, 205, 261, 
alderman, 151, 153, 172, 179; 
184 ; assemblyman, 95, 110 ; 
furnishes soldiers with bad 
wood, 92 ; mayor, 88, 89 
Hansen, Effie, 157, 166, 167 
Hardy, Gov., 378 
Harlem railroad, first train, 331 
Harmen, Thomas, 99 
Harmense, Bastiaen, 129 ; fire 
master, 101, 110 
Elbert, guide, 102 
Elbertse, assessor, 151 
Frans, killed, 246 ; son Cap- 
tured, 246 
Frederik, 104 ; assessor, 133 ; 
fire master, 185 

Harmense, Johannes, assistant 
alderman, 108, 112, 117, 124, 
126, 130, 131, 132, 136, 138, 
151, 177 

Thomas, 115, 135, 155, 157, 
166, 172 

Tierk, 136, 137, 149 ; assessor 
108; fire master, 101, 110 
Harrington, John, died, 359 
Harris, Daniel, 350 

Mr., 356 

Mrs. Daniel, died, 350 

Rev., 309 

Stephen, 356 
Harrison, Gen., 343 

Mrs. Anthony L, , died, 337 
Hart, Thomas, died, 271 
Hartley, Joseph, died, 271 

Robert, 271 
Hartman, George, drowned, 352 

George Adams, 352 
Havens, Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 

Hawes, Dr., 357 
Hawkins, Captain, 346 
Hay not to be stacked within 

the city, 183 
Hays, Joshua, R., died, 351 

Mrs. Rebecca, died, 331 

Solomon, 332 
Heary, Patrick, died, 329 
Heat, extraordinary, 223 
Heemstede, bill for, 85 
Hell Gate, 58 

Helme, John Enos, died, 859 
Hempstead, Isaac, died, 851 
Henderson, Wm., died, 271 
Hendrickson, Caroline, died, 271 

George B., 271 

George, died, 271 

John, 271 

Mrs. George, B., 271 

Mrs. John, 271, died, 271 

Theodore, died, 271 

William, died, 271 
Hendrik Hudson steamer, 366 
Hendrikse, Hans, 167 
Henry, Benjamin V., died, 812 

Clay steamer burnt, 350 



Henry, John V., assemblyman, 
293, 348 

Mr., 209, 210, 223, 313 
Henshaw, Mrs. Joseph S., died, 

Herner, Charles, died, 271 

John, 272 

Mary Louise, died, 272 

Sarah Ann, died, 272 
Herring, Henry, died, 331 

fishery, 314 

lane filled, 302 
Hess, Christopher, 2d Lieut., 

Hesseling, Robert, shot, 245 
Hessian fly, 211, 293 
Hewitt, Mrs. Catharine, died, 

Hewson, John D., died, 339 
Hickcox, Hamlet H., 356 

Thomas E., died, 272 
Higby, Capt., arrives with forces, 

182, 183; 184 
Higgins, Mrs. Margaret, died, 

Highman, Margaret, died, 272 
Highways to be repaired, 89, 95 
Hill, Daniel, 272 

John, 272 

John Walter, died, 272 

Mrs. Daniel, died, 272 

Mrs. Samuel, 272; died, 272 

Richard, 144 

Samuel, died, 272 

Thomas B., died, 272 
Hiller, Bernard, robbed, 355 
Hills, Augustus S., died, 330 
Hilton, Elizabeth, died, 269 

William, 132 
Hiney, Elizabeth, died, 346 
Hinman, James, died, 272 
Hitchcock, Capt., 357 

Zina, senator, 293 
Hobart, Rev., 309 
Hodge, John, died, 273 

Mrs. John, died, 272 
Hoes, Roulof Jansen, 44 
Hoffman, Sarah, died, 346 

Hoffmayer, William, 105 ; grain 
measures, 11 ; deceased, 97, 

Hogan, Ellen, died, 269 

Hogeboom, Mees, assessor, 108 

Hogen. William, 104, 132, 138, 
170 ; assessor, 108, 183 ; fire 
master, 101, 110 

Hogs to be ringed, 117, 143, 
146, 175 

Holden, James, died, 273 
Mrs James, died, 273 

Holdrige, H. D., killed, 354 

Holey, William, city porter and 
town crier, 165 

Holland, Lieut. Henry, 128, 129, 
150 ; petitions for naturaliza- 
tion, 146 

Holmes, Joseph M., died, 351 

Hooker, Philip, died, 273 

Horn, Margaret, died, 344 

Horse trade, 1795, 255 ; troop, 
7, 19 ; how supplied, 191 

Horses imported, 35, 39 ; trans- 
portation of prohibited, 96 

Hosfoi-d E., bookseller, 313 
Mrs. Harley, died, 273 

Hospital governors purchase 
jail, 338 

Hospitality, 218 

Hospitallers of St. Bernard, 303 

Houdin, Maj., orator, 298 ; anec- 
dotes of 299 

Houses broken down, 97, 98 ; 
confiscated, 6 ; No in 1795, 
216; 1690, 229 

Howe, Maria, died, 283 

Hubbard, Elijah, died, 343 
Mrs, Sarah, died, 364 

Hudde, Andries, obtains land, 

Hudson Bee, 315 
Ephraim, 293 
Mrs. Hudson, 225 

Hughes, Archbishop, dedicates 
Cathedral, 359 
Mary Ann, died, 273 
Mrs. Johns., died, 347 



Humane society, 312 ; collection, 

Humphrey, Friend, 334 

Gen. Chancery, died, 358 

George, 273 

William Lightbody, died, 273 
Humphries, Mrs. Sam., died, 273 
Hun, Abraham, 318 
Hunt, Gov,, 345 

Hunter, James, painter, died, 

Mrs. James, died, 273 

Gov., 378 
Hurst, Elizabeth, died, 273 

Mrs. Samuel, died, 275 

Prudence, died, 273 

Samuel, died, 275 
Hutchinson, Mrs. A. B., died, 

Mrs. Caroline, died, 347 
Hutton, Isaac, 310, 366 
Huxford, Frederick W., died, 

Huygen, Hendrick, Swedish 

commissary, 43, 144 
Huyhens, Cornells ; see Vander 

Hyde, John W., died, 273 

Mrs. John W., died, 273 

Ice broken through, 337 
Iggett, Edward, died, 273 
John, died, 273 
Mrs. Edward, died, 273 
Indian commissioners, 203 ; 
deputation to sell lands, 293; 
exhibition, 330 ; hostilities, 
83; houses, 7; new one pro- 
posed, 165 ; penalty for da- 
maging, 92 ; scalping, propo- 
sal to prevent, 119 ; trade, 
117, 145,146; fines renewed, 
180; forfeitures, 185; impost 
on, 192 ; proclamation, re- 
specting, 99 ; prohibited to 
strangers, 7 ; rules infringed, 
123, 169; treaty 1802, 307; 
expenses of, 260 ; wars, duty 
on, 115 

Indians, act against selling rum 
to, 202, 203 ; Christian, 96 ; 
denied liquor on Sunday, 
182 ; pawn clothingfor liquors, 
169; guns sold to, 39; peace 
with, 3 

Ingoldsby, Gov., 378 

Ingram, Jane, died, 274 

Inscriptions in the Episcopal 
Burial Grounds, 262-290 

Institute, 348 

Iroquois under Andros, 226 

Irwin, William, died, 347 

Isaac Newton steamer, 366 

Jackson, Adelaide, died, 274 

Augusta Mary, died, 274 

Capt. R. H. S., died, 274 

J. jr., 318 

Mrs Abram E., died, 344 

Mrs. Capt. R. H. S., died, 274 

Mrs. James died, 345 
Jacobse, Gerrit, 115 

Harpert, 127 ; assessor, 103, 
172, 184; assistant alder- 
man, 108, 110, 113, 133, 
136, 137 ; deacon, 117 

John, 128 

Peter, will of, 40 

Ryer, 126 

William, 157, 158 ; assessor, 
Jagger, de, ship, 44 
Jail, act to build, 200, 202 ; cal- 
endar, 355 ; none in 1700, 

105, 113, 115; old 311; sold, 

338; repaired, 331 
James, Chancellor, died, 274 

Mary, 274 

Thomas, died, 350 

Wm., 274 
Janse, Abraham, 130 

Andros 121 

Arnout, captured, 246 

Barent, 246 

Daniel, supervisor. 111 

Evert, 129, 170, 174; assessor, 
108, 133 

Joseph, 117, 122, 132 



Janse, Paulyn, 246 

Volkert ; see Douw 

William, collector, 142 
Jansen, Anth. ; see Van Saler 

Jacob, 46 

Juriaan, butcher, 13 

Lubbert, witness, 48 

Michiel, immigrant, 33, 34 
Jansse, Barent, killed, 245 
Jauncey, John, broker, 307 
Jay, Governor John, 342 
Jedon, Pr., Canadian, 102 
Jenkins, Mary, died, 274 
Jeronemus, Geertruy, 105 
Jersey Blues arrive, 354 
Jesuits letter, 19 
John Jay, steam boat, 377 
Johnson, Abram P., died, 346 

Hugh, died, 274 

John B., 308 

John, died, 344 

derivation of, 187 

Mr., 298 

Mrs. Harriette M., died, 338 

Mrs. Wm., died, 356 

Wm., 356 
Jones, Georgianna, died, 275 

John J., 274 

Joshua, 274 

Margaret, died, 275 

Margaret Howard, died, 274 

Mary Ann, died, 274 

Mrs. Thos. P., 274, 275 

Thomas Perry, died, 274 

Thos. P., 274, 275 

William David, died, 274 
Joosten, Jacob, teacher, 9 
Joynt, John, died, 355 
Judson, Elizabeth, died, 346 
Justices, meeting of, 139 

Kane, Eliza, died, 275 

Mary, died, 339 

Mary Jane, died, 275 

Mrs. Geo., died, 275 

Mrs. John Innes, died, 345 
Karstensen, Warnaer, 99, 155 
Kelley, Daniel, boards soldiers, 


Kells, Ann, died, 275 
Kelly, Elizabeth, died, 275 

James, 275 

Joseph, died, 275 

Michael, died, 275 

Mrs. James, died, 275 

Sarah, died, 275 
Kendrick, E. E., cashier, 366 
Kennedy, Eliza, died, 364 

Rev. Dr., 365 
Kerin, Mrs,, died, 345 
Kerr, Robert, Esq., died, 275 
Kessan, Thomas, died, 350 
Ketelyn (or Ketelheyn), Daniel, 
collector, 172 

David, 99 ; guide, 102 ; con- 
stable, 173, 184 

William, 103, 104, 109, 122 
Kibbie, Joel J., died, 345 
Kieft, William, governor, 34, 

41 ; director, 75 
Kimball, Alba, 283 

John, died, 336 

John Spencer, died, 283 

Mrs. Alba, 283 
Kinderhook assessed, 114 ; 

claims Shallers island, 94 ; 

garrisoned, 183 ; justices to 

be sued, 102 ; tax levy, 94, 

95 ; trespass, 130 
King, Ptufus H., president, 367 
King Solomo, ship, 79 
Kings Head tavern, 52 
Kinney, John, died, 364 
Kip, Abraham, 104, 125, 135, 

170 ; fire master, 185 

Leonard, 345 

Mary, died, 345 
Kirk, Elizabeth, died, 275 

G. died, 275 

John, 311 

John T., died, 275 
Kirkpatrick, Edward, 287 

Jennet, died, 287 

Mrs. Edward, 287 " 
Kizinger, Mathew, commited sui- 
cide, 359 
Kline, Matthew, 332 
Knower, Benjamin, pres., 366 



KooYn, Nicolas ; see Toorn, and 
Tooyn, and Koren and Coorn ; 
was sheriff of Rensselaerwyck 

Kossuth, Louis, 345, 346, 347 

Koun, Nicholas, 46 

Krantz, Mrs. John, died, 358 

Kreuder, Augustus A., drowned, 
George, 352 

LaBattie, Joan, carpenter, 48 
Lacy, Mrs. John, died, 356 

Rev. Wm. B., died, 276 
Lafayette, gratitude to, 213, see 

Lagrange, Arie, 327 ; died, 291 
Lambertse, Jochim, 168 
La Montague, Counsellor, 85; 

office continued, 85; builds 

house, 87 ; salary increased, 

61, 79, see Montague 
Lamps, tax for, 312 ; expense of, 

316, 319; 1799, 294; 1800, 

297; 1801,304; 1852, 361 
Land obtained illegally, 58 ; tax 

77 ; to be collected, 83 ; value 

in 1795, 217 
Lane, Bridget, died, 344 

obstructed, 171 
Langridge, Stephen, died, 359 
Lansing, Abraham C, 305 

Gerrit Jnn., 327 

G. Y., president, 339 

Hend., 103 

Jacob, firemaster, 185 ; high 
constable, 184 

Jacob Gerritz, constable, 172, 

John Jr., 310, 318, 321, 327 ; 
president, 304 

Mrs. Anna, died, 347 

Myndert, died, 276 

Peter, R. died, 275 

Robert, 327 

Sally U., died, 276 

William, died, 333 
Lansingh, Eveline 0., died, 336 

Gerrit, 128 

Jacob, 166 

Lansingh, Johannes, 138 ; con- 
stable, 108 
Larames, Mrs. Christopher 

died, 347 
Lark street pond nuisance, 347 
Laurens, John, 41 
Lawrence, John, 16, 17 
Laws relating to Albany, 191 
Leake, Isaac, Q., clerk, 366 

Samuel, died, 278 
Leather breeches, 295 
Lebanon Springs turnpike, 293, 

Le Breton, Amelia, died, 276 

Edward, died, 276 

Mary Ann, died, 276 

Mrs. Edward, 276 
Lee, John, died, 330 
Leendertse, Casper, justice, 94, 

Leggat, William, died, 338 
Legislature 1798 met, 291 ; 1804 

met, 31, 60; 1852 met, 330; 

adjourned, 337, 339 
Leinhardt, Ann Elizabeth, died, 

Frederika Elizabeth, died, 275 
Leisler, Jacob, 247, 250, 253, 254 
Lemet, L., engraver, 319 
Leonard, Francis, died, 338 

Mrs. Daniel, died, 344 
Le Thor, Johan, director, 65 
Letters, an engagement for send- 
ing to colonists, 73 
Lewis, George, died, 281 

Morgan Governor, 313, 342 ; 
message of, 316 

Mr,. 223 

Mrs. Jacob, died, 358 

Mrs, James, died, 276 

Robert, died, 281, 291 
Lewis's tavern, 318 
Licenses taken out, 132 ; to 
trade, 131, 153 ; for retail- 
ing 186 
Lieutenants pay, 1696, 197 
Lightning, barn struck by, 344 
Likenesses engraved, 319 
Linacre, Elizabeth, died, 346 



Lindsay, Mary, died, 365 

Lion (Washington) street paved, 

Liquor selling prohibited on the 

sabbath, 102 ; without license 

prohibited, 109; license to 

sell, 135, 174 
Litterby, Mrs. Isaac, died, 364 
Livingston, P., 104 

Robt., 90, 95, 249, 252, 261 

Rt. Jun., 122, 149, 150, 167, 
168; deputy clerk, 99; his 
salary, 180 
Livingston's manor to elect 

officers, 205 
Lobby to be built, 200 
Lobdell Mrs, Ruth, died, 276 
Lockwood, Benjamin W., 276 

Capt., 319 

John L., 377 

Elizabeth, died, 276 

Mrs., 354 

Mrs. Benjamin W., 276 
London, agent sent to, 197 
Loockmans, Govert, 36, 46,^48; 

an invader 59; marriage, *63 
Lopez, Antonio, died, 358 
Lord, Mrs. Thomas, died, 354 
Lorillard, Jacob, 292 
Loughran, Mrs. Felix, died, 358 
Lottery for state road, 294 
Lovelace, Capt. Dudley, 5, 6 

Francis, governor, 3, 378 
Lovett, Miss Angelica, died, 

Low, Francis, died, 276 
Lumber in 1799, 293 
Lupyen, Constable, 133 
Lush, Major, 343 

Stephen, 310, 318; director, 
304 ; legislator, 305 
Lutheran Church, 217; bridge 

at, 113 
Lutherans, difficulty with, 7, 16 ; 

tolerated, 17; in Schenectady, 

Luykase, Claes, collector, 151 
(^errit, 163, 164, 166 
Johannes, high constable, 108 

Luykasse, Johannis, 104 138 ; 
collector, 184 

Luykas, 132 
Lydius, Balthasar, died, 276 

Rev. John, 117, 127, 137, 139 

street filled, 302 
Lyon dollars, 203 

McAlister, Sarah Jane, died, 337 
McCambly, Thomas, died, 356 
McClellan, James, 277 

John, died, 277 

Joseph, died, 277 

Richard Richmond, died, 277 

Robert, treasurer, 291 ; de- 
faulter, 310 
McClelland, Dr. Wm,, physician, 
277, 311 

Mrs. William, 277 
McClintock, Ralph, died, 350 
McClure, A. & Co., store burnt, 
350 ; lots sold, 356 

J. & A., 334 
McCrossen, Mrs. J., died, 350 
McDonald, Donald, barber, 292 

Rev. John, chaplain, 311 ; 
lays corner stone, 302 

William, died, 351 
McDowell, Robert, ordained, 291 
McElchrean, Catharine, died, 268 
McElroy, Henry, 277 

Wm., died, 277, 345 
McEnelly, James, drowned, 350 
McEntee, Mary, died, 346 
McFarlane, Eliza, died, 337 
McGee, Mrs Catharine, died, 

McGlinn, Archibald, died, 270 

Jane, 270 

John, died, 270 
McGrath, Hugh, died, 337 
McGregory, Patrick, 137, 176; 

city porter, 177 
McGuire, Ellen, died, 344 

Mrs. Anthony, died, 339 
McHarg, Wm., his age, 357 
McHench, Mrs. Wm., died, 358 
Machin, Thos., 293 
McHugh, Stephen, 277 



McHugh, Elizabeth, died, 277 
Mclntyre, Archibald, secretary, 

McKowne, Ann, died, 277 

Francis, died, 277 
Maher, James, 367 ; died, 353 

Michael, died, 366 
Maiden of Enkhuysen, 42 
Mail stage, 225 

delayed, by snow, 318 
Major's pay 1696, 197 
Malcolm, Amelia, died, 276 

Capt., 342 

Henry, 276 

Mrs. Henry, 276 
Mancius, Wm., 327 
Manners of Albanians, 223 
Mannin, Michael, died, 337 
Map, ancient, 189 
Maquaas Indians, 3, 6 
Marcelis, Gerrit, killed, 245 
Marcy, Dr., 315 
Marguerittes, Madam, 365 
Maria, slave, 51 

Market house in Jonker street, 

prices, 1852, 367 
Marks, Joseph, captured, 246 
Marricuer, Mons., 119, 121, 124 
Marselis, Gysbert, 91, 92, 115, 

168,327; firemaster,101,110; 

assessor, 17, 133, 184 
Marshall, Francis, 1st Lieut., 358 
Martense, Paulus, his lot en- 
larged, 181 
Mascord, Wm., died, 354 
Matchell, Gracey, died, 277 

James, died, 276 

James, Junr., died, 276 

Mrs, James, 275 

Rachel, died, 277 

Thomas, died, 276 

William Henry, died, 277 
Matthys, Capt., 257 
Matucander Indians, 3 
Mauritsen, Cornells, his mark, 

Mavadror, Henrietta Amelia, 

died, 277 

Annals^ iv. 34 

Mavadror, William Alexander, 

Mayell, Alfred, died, 330 
Mazeppa fire company, 355 
Mazyck, Isaac, Esq., died, 277 
Meagher, Thomas Francis, exile, 

Measures, English standard, 2, 4 
Mechanics and Farmers' Bank, 
charter expired, 366 ; ito 
career, 367 
embark, 76 
Meech, Horace, died, 365 
Megapolensis, Rev., 71 ; account 
of Mohawks, 56 ; salary, 
54 ; his wife in Holland, 56 
Samuel, 24 
Meigs, Mrs. John, Jr., died, 338 
Melgers, Trentie, midwife, 10 
Melgertse, Melgt., 115, 145; 
gunstocker, 177 
Melkt, Jun., 129 
Ruth, 152, 163, 174, 179, 260 ; 
high constable, 133 ; assist- 
ant alderman, 151, 153, 172; 
180, 184 
Melyn, Cornells, immigrant, 33, 
34 ; proposes to divide the 
country, 58 ; malcontent, 54 ; 
settles eight miles with only 
6 souls, 67 
Melyns, Jannetje, 42 
Menand, Alfred L., died, 277 
Menel, Mons., Jesuit, 118 
Mercantile company, 309 
Merchant, George, died, 278 
Merchant, Eliza Spencer, died, 
Henry Sergeant, died, 278 
Mrs. George, died, 278 
Merrifield, Charles William, died, 
Eli, died, 278 
George, died, 278 
Louisa, died, 278 
Mrs. George, died, 278 
Mrs. Richard, died, 277 
Mrs. William, died, 277 
William, died, 277 



Meteorological table, 304 
Michielsen, Jan., tailor, 33, 34 
Midwife appointed, 10 
Milbourne, Jacob, 252, 254 
Millen, Gilbert, commits suicide, 

Miller, Paulus, at quarantine, 
Rev. Mr., 315 
Millian, Mrs. Andrew, died, 330 
Millington, Thomas, cartman, 

Mills, Philo L., 366 
Milroy, Wm., treasurer of St. 

Andrew's Society, 311 
Mingael, alderman, 88, 151, 172, 
180, 184; assistant alder- 
man, 90, 133 
Jan Thomase, 120; see Thomase 

Johannes, 159,152, 171, 163, 
. Pieter, 155, 157, 166 ; assessor, 
108 ; fire master, 153 
widow Geertruy, 120 
Mitchell, James, 278 
Jesse P., his age, 357 
John, died, 364 
Mrs. James, 278 
Mrs. John, died, 357 
0. M., cor. secretary, 337, 346 
William James, died, 278 
Mitwout, bell for, 85 
Moat, Frances, died, 278 
Mohawks, account of by Mega- 
polensis, 56 ; deluded by Del- 
lius, 199; invasion, 62; pre- 
vent trade with Canada In- 
dians, 78 
Money value raised, 69, 75 
Montanye, Mary, died, 356 
Montgomery, Elizabeth, died, 
Jacob H., died, 278 
Jesse, 278 
Jesse H., died, 278 
Montague ; see De la Montagne, 

and La Montagne 
Moon, Mrs. Squire, died, 353 

Moor, Ezekiel, died, 278 
Moore, Bishop, 309 

Eunice, died, 358 

Gov., 378 

Harriet, died, 278 

Jane Ann, died, 350 

John, died, 278 

Rev. W. W., 229 
Moranda, Charlotte, died, 278 
Morris, Ensign, killed, 342 
Morrow, Joseph, 279 

Mary Ann, died, 279 

Mrs. Robert, died, 279 

Samuel, died, 278, 279 

Wm., died, 279 
Mossop, Geo. Maffitt, died, 279 
Mould, Mrs. John, 279 
Mullen, John, died, 279 

William, 279 
Munger, Mrs. Fanny, died, 331 
Murphy, Martin, drowned, 352 

Sarah, died, 346 
Murray, John, died, 339 

Mrs., died, 336 

Mrs. Rosanna, died, 343 
Murry, Edward, died, 345 
Museum established, 291 
Muslin, Celia, died, 279 

Henry, 279 
Muster master's pay, 1696, 197 
Mynderse, Rynier, 99, 115, 170 ; 

firemaster, 153 

Nack, John, 129 

Mathias, constable, 108 
Nail works burnt, 348 
Nally, Mrs. Patrick, died, 337 
Nanfan, Gov. John, 119, 259, 378 
National University meeting, 

Naturalization, price of, 131 
Navigation closed against vessels 

from New York, 149, 150; 

nearly closed, 364 
Neely, James, died, 333 

Joseph, died, 357 

Mary Jane, died, 331 
Negro slaves, 51, 64, 66; song- 
stress, 331 ; wench for sale, 309 



Negroes, act to prevent abscond- 
ing, 200, 201, 202 ; denied li- 
quor on Sunday, 182 ; killed 
at Schenectady, 245 ; cap- 
tured, 246 

Nellegar, James, died, 279 
John, 279 
Joseph, died, 276 
Maria Eliza, died, 279 
Mrs. Joseph, died, 279 
Sally Ann, died, 279 

Neville, Mrs. John, died, 339 

New Amsterdam, ship, invoice 
of, 83 
City (Lansingburgh), 216 

Newensing purchased, 67 

Newland, David, his age, 357 

Newspapers by rail road, 343 ; 
prevalence of, 213 

Newton, Daniel S., died, 344 
Mrs. Alice, died, 335 

New Year, 1852, 329 

New York State bank,313 ; char- 
tered, 307 ; beganbusiness, 308 

Niblock, Robert, died, 350 

Nicholls, Abraham, deceased,162 

Nichols, Colonel Richard, 8, 9, 
10, 11, 23 ; signs capitula- 
tion, 24 ; governor, 378 
Ira, died, 356 
John H., died, 344 
Matthias, 4 ; speaker, 31 

Nicholson, Capt,, 252 
John, died, 279 

Nicoll, Francis, 315 ; assembly- 
man, 293 

Nimrod steam boat, 338 

Niskayuna, 11 ; see Canastage- 

Norres, Joseph, 269 
Sarah, died, 269 

Norris, Mrs. Alexander, died, 
Warren C, killed, 331 

North Methodist church, dedi- 
cated, 330 
William, 293 

Norton, John Pitkin, lecturer 
330; died, 354 

Notary, English, 4 

Notes from the Newspapers, 

Nott, Eliphalet, 298, 312, 313, 

Nowlan, Catharine, died, 351 

Objections to the Adoption of 
the Constitution, 321-327 

O'Brien, Rev. Matthew, 298 

O'Callaghan, Dr. E. B., 188, 226 

O'Connell, Thomas, died, 353 

O'Donucll, James, died, 344 

Officers, houses hired for, 109 

Oil blubber, price of, 42 

Olcott, Thomas W., president 
bank, 1836, 366, 367; vice 
president Observatory, 346 

Oneida castles destroyed, 197 

O'Neil, Sarah, died, 279 

Onondago castles destroj^ed, 
197 ; expenses to, 203 ; In- 
dians, proposal to visit, 121, 
123, 124 

Oothoudt, Henry, 321 

Oothout, Abraham, director, 304 
Ary, constable, 151 
Hendrik, 112, 126, 172, 179; 
assistant alderman, 90, 108, 
113, 172, 180, 183 ; survey- 
or, 102 

Opdyck, Gysbert, 44, 51 

Opening and closing of the river, 
375, 376 

Orphan fair. 330 

Orphans, overseers, 2 

Osborn, Gov., 378 

Osborne, Mrs. George, died, 355 
Mrs. Jeremiah, died, 279 

Oswego river, navigation diffi- 
cult, 208 

Otter, ship, 86 

Ouderkerk,Eldert, collector, 173 ; 
path master, 133 
Jan, assessor, 133 

Overslaugh, 213 

Owen, Commodore, 280 
John, died, 279 
Mary, died, 280 



Owen, Mrs. Thomas, died, 280 

SamuelJ., died, 279 

Thomas, died, 280 
Owens, Edward James, died, 279 

John Alexander, died, 279 

John, died, 299 

Matthew, died, 279 

Wm. Alexander, died, 279 

Packard, Benjamin D., died, 280 
Charles, died, 280 
Mrs. Benj. D., died, 280 

Paddock, Mrs. Lawrence, died, 

Paling, CapL, 257 

Pallet, Elizabeth, died, 280 

Palmatier. Belinda, died, 280 
Francis L.,died, 280 
Mrs. Francis L., died, 280 

Palmer, Mrs. George W., died, 
Sylvanus, ordained, 309 

Pangburn, Charity, died, 344 

Parke, S. A., died, 356 

Parker, Amasa, chairman, 336 
James, 94, 149, 186 ; his salary 
as marshal, 181 ; marshal, 

Passage fare, 61 

Pasture, streets filled, 302 

Patents ordered to be relin- 
quished, 109 

Patkook, tax on, 164 

Patrick, Mrs. William, died, 331 
William C, died, 280 

Patroon street pond, 350 

Patroon's creek at Tivoli falls, 

Paving of streets, 316 ; intro- 
duced for side walks, 183 

Peacock, Mrs. Catharine, died, 

Pearl street, run of water in, 124 

Pearson, Geo., 311 

Peck, Samuel S., died, 344 

Peckham, Desire W., died, 354 
Joseph Henry, died, 338 

Pennie, Henry, 280 

Mrs. Amos C, died, 280 

Pennie, Ruth Jane, died, 280 
Penniman, Sylvanus J., died, 333 
Penrose, Catherine Howard, 

died, 280 
Perkins, Charles Henry, died, 

Edward, 280 

Harriet E., died, 280 

James, died, 280 

Prof., 350 
Perno, Zenas, 293 
Perry, Eli, mayor, 330, 355 
Personal property assessed, 869 
Pestilential diseases, 312 
Peterson, Cornells, 46; his mark, 

[De Groot], Willem, 46 

Gysje, will of, 40 

Hendrick, 42 
Pettitt, John, Canadian, 102 
Phelps, Eev., ordained, 309 
Phinney, Elihu, 293 
Physiognotrace, 310 ; engraved, 

Pickering, Mrs. Lydia C, died, 

Pierce, Henry, 364 

Lucy Ann, died, 281 

Mrs. Henry, died, 364 
Pierewyr, sachem, 3 
Pierson, George, 332 
Pieterse, Philip ; see Schuyler 

Wm., killed, 245 
Pietersen, Anthony, 37, 38 
Pinchon, John, 24 
Pincott, Daniel, died, 281 

Geo., died, 281 

Mrs. Thomas, died, 281 
Pine trees, cutting prohibited, 

Pinhorn, William, grantee, 198 
Plague of 1702, 149, 150 
Plan of Albany, 188-190 ; 1765, 

Planck, Abraham, 43 
Planing mills blown down, 347 
Plank, Jacob, 38, 39 
Plate, payment made in, 203 
Piatt, Ananias, leaves Tontine, 




Plattsburgli railroad, 359 
Pochin, Mrs. John, died, 281 
Poel [Pole], Abraham, 99, 103 ; 

his boedel, 122 ; see Vander- 

Poesteukil mills, 220 
Police attacked, 366; expenses, 

361 ; list of, 368 ; report, 344 
Pollock, John, Jr., 281 

Mrs. John, died, 281 
Population 1690, 229 ; 1795, 216 ; 

1800, 300 ; 1802, 305 
Pork, price 1692, 195 
Porter, Charles, died, 281 

Giles W., survivor, 366 

Ira, died, 281 

James, died, 281 

John, died, 281 

Mrs. Ira, 281 

Mrs. Mary, died, 857 

Sarah, died, 281 
Portuguese Jews interdicted, 83 
Pos, Symon Dirksen, 35, 36 
Post. Rev. Mr., 365 
Potash, manufacture of, 221 ; 

trade in, 214 
Potashery, 78 
Potman, Joh., and wife, killed, 

Pottery baker embarks, 76 
Potts, Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 357 
Povey, John, butcher, 13 
Powder smuggled, 49, 50, 66 
Pownie, Alice Ann, died, 281 

Margaret, died, 281 
Presbyterian assembly, 308 
Presbyterians in Schenectady, 

Prevost, Abraham, 104 
Price, John, 327 

Mary E., died, 357 
Princetown, estates, 297 
Printing office robbed, 329 ; 

Spencer's, 295 
Profile likenesses, 310 
Project of De Callieres to destroy 

Albany, 227 
Protestant English, 226 
Provoost, Johannes, 252 

Provost, David, 46, 51 
Pruyn, Frans, 171 

Joh., 129, 170 

Mrs. Gloranah, died, 331 
Pulpit sent over, 85 
Purdy, Mrs. Wilson, 329 
Purmurent, Claes Lawrence 

captured, 246 
Puts island, 58 

Quackenboss, Ten Eyck, died 


Quarantine, 318 ; against yel- 
low fever, 310 ; established 
against vessels from New 
York, 149, 150 

Quays, price of, 216 

Quit rent suit, 160, 167 ; called 
in, 156 

Radley, Mrs. Jane, died, 347 
Rafferty, Edward, died, 351 
Rain table, 1850, 372 
Ramsey, Adam A., died, 329 

George, vice president, 311 
Randall, Mrs. Ann, died, 366 
Ransom, Messrs. & Co., 362 
Rape, 128 
Rateliffe, John, city porter, 185 ; 

rattle watch, 91, 92, 110, 138, 

Rattle watch to be established 

90, 110 ; duties of, 91 ; fire wood 

for, 92 ; assessment for. 111 
Rawls, Mrs. Hannah, died, 358 
Rawson, William H., died, 346 
Real estate 1790,297 
Records of the Courtof Assize, 1; 

translated, 318 
Reed, Ellen, died, 281 

John, 281 

Sarah, died, 281 
Regents distribution, 336 
Reid, Mrs. Sarah, died, 351 
Reims, Edward, 132^ 150 
Reindeer steamer explosion, 354 
Reinersen, Arent, 42, 43 
Rensselaer county population 



Rensselaer, John Baptista, 86 
Mr., 209,- see Van Rensselaer 

Rensselaerstein, 45 ; conflict at, 
4G, 48 ; illegally held, 59, 62 

Rensselaerville estates, 297 

Rensselaerwyck, 35, 36, colonists 
friendly, 82 ; patent, 134 ; re- 
fusal to extend limits of, 77; 
ship, 37 ; act respecting, 200, 
202 ; assessed, 114; patent, 
115 ; represented in general 
assembly, 192, tax, 84, 94, 
95, 164 

Representatives in assembly, 
pay of, 192, 203, 204 

Revenue in 1795, 216 

Reynsen, Arent, 42 

Rhoades, Julius, died, 331 

Richardson, Amor, died, 281 
Mrs. Amor, died, 281 
Thomas R.,died, 356 

Richmond, Mary, died, 285 

Ricksie, Maes, path master, 133, 

Ridder, Evert, freeman, 165 ; 
school teacher, 166 

Rider, Ellen, died, 354 
Mr., attorney, 1 

Riding fast, fine for, 186 

Rievers, Gerritt, 41 

Rigby, William, died, 268, 281 

R,ipse, Claes, 115 

Riskhout, brushwood, 74 

River closed, 1852, 365 ; opened 
again, 365 ; frozen, 330 ; im- 
provements, 294 ; time of 
opening and closing, 213; 
trade custom, 12, 14 

Roads, badness of, 316 

Robbins, Samuel, died, 281 

Robechaux, Mrs, James, died,286 

Robinson, A. D., county judge, 
Esther, died, 265 

Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Al- 
bany, 206-224 

Rock Rossian, 199 

Roelof Jansen's creek, 32; kil, 

Roeloffs, Jan, pardoned, 8 
Roesen, Hendrik, 43 
Rogers, Nathaniel, died, 365 
Romeyn, John B., 291 
Rom street, 188 

Roseboom, Gerrit, 179; assist- 
ant alderman, 172, 180, 184 
Hendrick, 128, 129; church 
warden, 113 ; salary of, 114 ; 
firemaster, 185 ; sexton, 
149 ; dead, 175 
Jacob, 327 

Johannes, 119, 121, 123, 124, 
126, 127, 142, 150, 159, 173, 
179; alderman, 90, 91, 92, 
108, 110, 112. 115, 117, 126, 
130, 132, 135, 136, 148, 151, 
172, 180, 184 ; justice, 128, 
Mrs. Hendrick, 128 
Myndert, constable, 151 ; 
high constable, 172 
Rosekrans, A. D., his age, 357 
Rosie, Jean, 101, 104, 119, 129, 
259 ; constable, 132 : firemas- 
ter, 185 ; high constable, 151 
Round passage, 187 
Rubey, Mrs. Catharine, died, 348 
Rum, price of 1699, 260; pro- 
hibited to Indians, 203 ; see 
Russell, Ebenezer, senator, 293 
James A., died, 359 
Mrs. Jubal T., died, 339 
Solomon, 315 
Rutten kil, head of, 347 
Ruttenair bridge, 176 
Ryan, Thomas, died, 359 
Ryckman, Albt., 88, 159, 164, 
173; alderman, 88, 90, 244; 
his lot enlarged, 181 ; justice, 
155 ; coroner, 154 
Ryckse, Gerrit, 132, 135, 155, 
157, 166; assessor, 172. 173, 
Rye, price of, 367 

Sabbath breaking, 102 ; law, 294 
Saeg kil, 82 



St. Andrew's Society first met, 

St. Bernard friar, 303 

St. Joseph's day, 337 

St. Patrick's day, 337 

St. Peter's church, 348 

Salisbury, Capt. Silvester, 19, 20 
Frank, supervisor, 111 

Salt from Onondaga,208 ; works, 
78 ; superintendent of, 74 

Sander, Capt., 247, 250, 255; 
see Glen 

Sanders, Barent, constable, 184 

Sanderse, Joh., 126 

Sands, Mrs. William, died, 339 

Sanford, Eliza, died, 276 
Henry, died, 282 
Nathan, 276, 282 

Sarachtoge, 198, 200 ; a bound- 
ary, 32 

Saratoga, painful journey to, 
219 ; soil sandy, 220 

Sawyer's creek, 32 

Scace, Caroline, died, 282 
Edwin, 282 

Schaets, Reynier, killed, 246, 

Schaghticoke patent, 115 ; quit 
rent demanded, 156, 158 ; 
mortgage on, 159 ; sales at, 

Schenectady, assessed, 114; 
blockhouse repaired, 293 ; 
burning of, 226, 259, empo- 
rium of the west, 212 ; census 
of, 212 ; estates, 297 ; fort re- 
paired, 199; garrisoned, 183 ; 
in 1795, 210, 211 ; rail road 
finances, 332 ; representation 
in colonial assembly, 26 ; road 
blocked by snow, 312 ; solicits 
money in Albany, 107, 108 ; 
Btrangers not to trade at, 7 ; 
tax on, 164 ; turnpike, 303, 
304, 306, 307 

Schepmoes, Jan, 11, 38 

Schermerhoorn, Cornells, 104, 
James, died, 364 
Johannes, killed, 247 

Schermerhoorn, Maus, legisla- 
tor, 305 
Ryer, 113, 123,160,167, 199; 

justice, 94 
Symon, 243 
School for female children, 317 ; 
Schoolmaster, Dutch, 9 ; Eng- 
lish, 9 ; for Fort Orange, 54, 
66 ; made freeman, 96 
Schuyler, Abraham, 118, 203; 
assistant alderman, 172; 
180 ; assessor, 133 ; alder- 
man, 148 
Arent, 251 
Capt. Myndert, 131, 161, 162, 

170, 176, 203, 205 
Cathaleen, 93 
Col. Peter, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 

109, 112, 113, 121, 143,144, 
147, 159, 162, 184, 197, 244, 
255 259 261 

David', "^92,' 103, 123, 126, 127, 
142, 145, 159, 162, 180; al- 
derman, 90, 108, 115, 121, 
123, 124, 132, 137, 138, 151, 
167, 168, 172, 183 ; justice, 
94, 128; visits Montreal, 
118, 119 
Gov., 378 

Harmanus P., sheriff, 300 
Jacob, collector, 133, 151 
Johannis, 119, 121, 123, 124, 
127, 140, 142, 152, 156, 163, 
180,219; alderman, 90, 108, 

110, 112,132,147, 151,153; 
justice, 94; mayor, 173, 179, 

Major Gen. Philip, 218, 219 ; 
died, 316 
& Akin, 357 
Margaret, goods stolen from, 

Peter S., legislator, 305 
Philip Pieterse, 13, 14, 158, 
218 219 
Schuylers in 1795, 218 
Scorsby, William, died, 344 
Scott, John, died, 358 
Mrs. William, died, 282 



Scott, William, died, 282 

AVinfield, arrived, 857; left, 
Scouts ordered out, 19 
Scudder, John, M.D., died, 282 
Seawant, value changed, 84 
Seneca Indians, 3 ; ceded their 

lands, 307 
Sentinel's pay, 1696, 197 
Sepher torah of the Hebrews, 339 
Sergeant's pay, 1696, 197 
Sessions of the peace, 191 
Seward, Frederick W., 337 
Sexton, Levi, died, 282 
Seymour, Wm., chamberlain, 356 
Shad fishery, 314 
Shaick, Aid., 244, 256 ; see Van 

Shaller's island assessed, 94 
Shalor, Timothy, broker, 207 
Shankland, Col. P. V. died, 293 
Shanks, Matthew, 122, 186 ; pe- 
titions for naturalization, 146 
Sharp, Mr., attorney, 1 

Peter, 311, 327 
Shattuck, Gilbert, died, 351 
Shaw, Jonathan, died, 338 

Mrs. Isaiah, died, 364 

Mrs. Maria, died, 338 
Shawk,Capt., ferryman, 314 
Sheep disease, 78 
Sheldon, Alexander, speaker, 316 
Shepard, Eliza M., died, 282 

George, 282 

Mrs. Caty, buried, 349 

Mrs. Thomas, died, 282 

Robert, died, 282 

Thomas, died, 282 

Wm., died, 282 
Shepland, Jane, died, 264 
Shields, Mrs. Catharine, died 

Sheridan, David, died, 282 

Margaret, died, 351 

Matthew, died, 282 

Mrs. Matthew, died, 282 
Sheriff, 1644, 38; for Rensse- 

laerswyck, 86 ; salary of, 87 ; 

perquisites of, 169 ; posse, 336 

Sherwood, Lemuel, died, 345 
Shields, Arthur, died, 354 
Ship built at Troy, 320 
Shipping, tonnage of, 213 
Shurtleff, Joseph, 318, assembly- 
man, 293 
Shutte, John, schoolmaster, 9 
Sickles, Abraham, died, 356 
Silhouettes, 310 
Simmons, Charles E., drowned, 

Simpson, John, 282 

Julia M., died, 282 

Mrs. John, died, 282 

Sarah, died, 282 
Sing-verein procession, 351 
Skerrit, John, died, 282 
Skiddy, Francis, steam boat, 347 
Skinner, Mr. Jared, 305 
Skoonhoven, Jacobus, constable, 

151 ; see Van Schoonhoven 
Skuyler, Abraham, 259 
Slaves, for sale, 309 ; hired, 51, 

64; permission to import, 66 ; 

act to prevent absconding, 200, 

201, 202; to be sold, 299 
Sleighs, unruly driving of, pro- 
hibited, 111 
Sloop allowed to take down the 

county representatives, 152 ; 

pass for, 12, 15 ; speed, 346 
Sloops of 1795. 214; cost of, 

Sloughter, Gov., 378 
Smethurst, Mrs. Henry D., died, 

Smit, Adrien Reyntsen, 42 
Smith, Alexander, drowned, 288 

Arent Reiniersen, 43 

Gov., 378 

Henry, died, 283 

Mrs. Richard, died, 283 

Mrs. Thomas, died, 282 

Phineas, 335 

Rebecca, died, 263 

Sarah, died, 283 

Thomas, died, 282 

Truman, 335 

Wm., died, 283 



Snow, Col., 336 ; extraordinary, 
312; in April, 339; obstructs 
roads, 318 
Soldiers, firewood for, 4 ; in- 
debted to citizens, 177 ; in 
garrison to be naturalized, 
146 ; quartered upon the 
citizens, 182, 185 ; regula- 
tions respecting, 154 
South Baptist church, 329 
Southwick, Arthur, died, 282 
Francis M., died, 282 
Henry C, 356 
John B., died, 282 
Solomon, 366; clerk, 316; 
died, 282 
Sparks, Presidentia, died, 282 
Spears, William, died, 356 
Specie, small, scarcity of, 62 
Spencer, Ambrose, 348 
Henry, died, 358 
John C, 358 
John, died, 283 
John Peter, died, 283 
Joseph Henry, died, 283 
Mrs. John, died, 273 
Thomas, sells printing office, 
Sperzoni, Father Ignatius, 302 
Spoor, Antje Janz, killed, 245 

Jan, 245 
Sporberg, Joseph, 352 
Louis, died, 329 
William, drowned, 352 
Spragge, John, clerk, 31 
Sprinks, James, died, 283 
Staats, Abram, his wife builds a 
house, 53 
Barent G., 356 
Dr. A. P., died, 283 
house, fire in, 329 
Helen Ann, died, 283 
John, died, 264 
Margaret Anne, died, 264 
Mrs. Barent 0., died, 356 
Mrs. Dr. A. P., 283 
Staets, Capt.,244, 256 
Jacob, 101 
Jochim, 255 

Stafford, Arthur G., died, 283 
Joab, 283 

Mrs. Hannah, died, 284- 
Mrs. Joab, died, 283 
Mrs. Wm. Job, died, 284 

Stage office, original, 308 ; of 
last century, 225 

Stages to New York, 315 

Stalker, Mrs. Martin, died, 345 

Stanwix, George, died, 284 
Jane, died, 284 
John, died, 284 
Mrs. George, 284 

Staple right claimed, 46 

Starks, Amy Amanda, died, 284 
Mary Ann, died, 284 
Mrs. A. N., died, 284 

State Agricultural Society, 331 
Normal school, 350 
Register, 340 ; printing office, 

road lottery, 294 
street Bap. Ch., 329 

Staten island, proposal to erect 
a fort on, 58 

Steam boat speed, 348 

Stebbins, Mrs. Benjamin, died, 

Stein, definition of, 46 

Steele, Daniel, 301,310 

Steelman, Mrs. John, died, 339 

Steenwick, Cornelius, 24 

Stephenson, John, president, 311 

Stevens, Robert L., 377 

Stevenson [VanCortlandt] Oloff, 
Stoffel, 46 

Stevenson, James, died, 348 

Stillwell, Smith, 298; account 
of Houdin, 300 

Stockadoes, assessment for, 97 ; 
cut down by soldiers, 92 ; ex- 
penses of, 188 ; proclamation 
for, 155; penalty for neglect 
or trespass, 103 ; repair of, 
102, 112, 117, 122, 129, 130, 
131, 136, 137, 139, 140, 145, 
148, 153 ; supposed height of, 
229; to be set up, 165; to be 



Stockadoes, continued — 

repaired, 177, 181 ; to be in- 
spected, 136 
Stone Arabia garrisoned, 183 
Stone, Daniel D., died, 286 
Store of 1795 described, 301, 302 
Storer, Capt , ship builder, 319 
Stores closed in honor of Web- 
ster, 358 
Stouts, (Staets ?) Mr., 209, 210 
Stow, Mr., 224 
Strain, James K., died, 357 
Strang, Jesse, 288 
Straw, Hannah, died, 282 
Street inspectors, 1701, 125; 
regulations, 183 ; in pasture 
filled, 302 ; to be cleared of 
rubbish, 102, 117; to be 
cleaned, 143, 146 
Streeter, Christopher, died, 345 
Strouds, value of, 1699, 260 
Sturgeon, abundance of, 75 ; 

street filled, 302 
Stuyvesant, Gov. Petrus, 23, 
109 ; warned against malcon- 
tents, 57; blamedfor tampering 
with the currency, 75 ; raises 
value of money 25 per cent, 69 
Suicides, 359, 364 
Sullivan, Eugene, died, 331 
Sun stroke, 350 
Supercaes, Mons,, mayor, 119 
Surgeon's pay, 1696, 197 
Surnames, explanation of, 187 
Susquehanna railroad loan, 338, 

345; meeting, 339 
Swan, sloop, 15 
Swart, Cornells, 90, 99 
Dirck, 321 

Gerrit, schout, 3, 4, 87 ; de- 
ceased, 97, 98 
Ryseck, deceased, 97, 98 
Swedes, expulsion of, not sanc- 
tioned in Holland, 70 
Swits, Isaak Cornelise, 199, 

captured, 246 
Symensen, Jan skipper, 36 
Synagogue ceremony, 339 
Synod of Albany formed, 308 

Taber, Mr., 336 

Table of the quantity of rain and 

melted snow, 374 
Tallman, Britton B., died, 347 
Tallow, price 1692, 195 
Talmidge,Leift. Enos,killed, 245 
Tam, negro, 147 
Tassemaker, Dom. Petrus, killed, 

Taverns inspected, 182 
Tax assessed, 103 ; for firewood, 

89 ; for lamps and night 

watch, 312 ; in E-ensselaers- 

wyck, 84, 85 ; 1701, 126 ; ar- 
rears of, 135, 136, 137, 141, 

142, 144; 1790, 297; 1852, 

344 ; county, 94, 95 
Tayler, John, president, 308 
Taylor, Anna Maria, died, 285 

Charlotte, died, 285 

Elisha, died, 285 

Jane Elizabeth, died, 285 

John, 293,310 ; director, 304; 
malt house burnt, 364 ; & 
Sons, 355 

Mai-y Jane, died, 285 

Miller, 220 

Mrs. Charles J., died, 284 

Mrs. James, died, 285 

Mrs. John, died, 285 

Phoeby, died, 285 

Richard, died, 285 

Sarah Ann, died, 285 

Sarah Baker, died, 285 
Teller, Johannes, captured, 246 

William, plaintiff, 103 

Wm. Jas., 318 
Temperance convention, 331, 358 
Temperature, 96, 347; 1802, 

304 ; low, 331 
Temple, Mrs. Hugh, died, 330 
Ten Broek, Abraham, 306 ; his 
vault, 316 ; resigned prea. 
bank, 295 

Maj. Dirk Wessels, 117, 118, 
119,120, 121, 123,126, 142, 
145, 148 ; alderman, 90, 
108,112,126,133,138; jus- 
tice, 141 



Ten Broek, Dirk, assemblyman, 
speaker, 291 
Ten Eyck, Abraham, 293, 306, 
Anthony, 321 
Barent, 155, 157 
Coonrad, 291 

Coonraet, 157 ; assessor, 183 
constable, 183 ; sealer of 
weights and measures, 140 
Ten Eyk, Hend., 174, 175 ; con- 
stable, 172 
Henry, 327 
Jacob, 179, 318; legislator, 

Jacob C, 327 
Sarah, died, 355 
Teunise, Capt. Gerrit, 255 
Dirk, 88, 142 ; attached, 141 ; 

justice, 88, 141 
Egbert, sheriff ordered to 

break his fence down, 179 
Gerrit, 88, 142; justice, 88, 94 
Jannetje, defendant, 38 
Sweer, shot, 245 
Thomas, 42 
Thayer, Rev. A. A., installed, 359 
Theatre reopened, 349, 365 
Thespian hotel, 308 
Theunise, Dirck, gelder, 10 
Gert,, justice, 111 
Harmen, 115 
Thienhoven, delayed, 69 
Thirkell, Joseph, senr,, died, 286 
Thomas, Andrews & Penniman, 
closed business, 305 
Anne Elizabeth, died, 274 
David, 274 
Levi, died, 286 
Thomase, Jan ; see Mingael 
Johannes, 89, 99; assistant al- 
derman, 140 
Thompson, Israel, 321 
John, 327 

Mrs. Helen, died, 339 
Thorn, Ann Margaret, died, 271 
Thaysman, Dirk Theunissen, 
gelder, 10 

Tibbetts, John R., 846 

George, congressman, 305 
Tile works, 78 
Tillman, Eliza Selina, died, 268 

Mrs. Richard, 268 

Richard, 268 
Tilt, James, 286 

Sarah Jane, died, 286 

Thomas, 286 

William, died, 286 
Tithes, 81 
Tobacco, price of, 1699, 260; tax, 

66 ; works, 217 
Todd, 286 

Catharine Eliza, died, 286 

Jane Maria, died, 286 

Mrs. Robert, died, 286 

Robert, died, 286 
Tolls on early canals, 306 
Tomasen, John, 47 
Tompkins, Gov., 342, 355 
Tontine Coffee House, occupied 

by Mat. Gregory, 301 
Toorn, [or Koorn], Nicholas, 

dismissed, 44, 45, 46, 47 
Topp, Phillis, died, 338 
Topping, S., his age, 357 
Torrey, Miss Mary Ann, died, 

Town crier, 165 
Townsend, John, 345; president, 

Tract Society report, 364 
Trade in 1795,214; rights in- 
fringed, 131 
Trading house above Albany 

suggested, 78 
Treat, Gov. Robert, 252, 263 
Tromp, admiral, 72 
Troops to aid in repairing city 

walls, 148 
Trowbridge, David, innkeeper, 

Troy, first vessel built at, 320, 

in 1795,216 ; navigation above, 

Truth, ship, 86 
Tryon, Gov., 378 
Tuck, Mrs. Levi C, died, 364 



Tucker, Mrs. Frederick G , died, 
Welcome C, died, 359 
Tullidge, Mrs. Benjamin, died, 

Tunnel meeting, 356 ; project, 

Turbas, Cornelia, died, 286 
Turke, Jacobus, 92, 93, 97, 102, 
152, 154, 158,163, 169,170; 
assistant alderman, 90, 108, 
110, 112, 117, 126, 132, 137, 
151 ; high sheriff, 166, 180 
William, merchant, 43 
Turner, George, died, 359 

Peter, died, 330 
Turnpike, first, 303 ; Great West- 
ern, 296 ; to New York, 312 ; 
to the west, 317 
Turnverein procession, 351 
Tymese, Cornells, 108, assessor, 

151 ; 'path master, 173 
Tyse, Jan, 89, 136 ; justice, 94 

Underner, Mrs. C. L., died, 337 

Union College, 315 ; subscrip- 
tions to, 212 

United Presbyterian church 
corner stone laid, 302, 304 

Universalist installation, 360 

University, lecture before, 330 
meeting, 337 

Usher, Hannapp, died, 286 
Mary, died, 276 
Rev. John, died, 276, 286 

Utthoft, Wouter, 88, 109 

Vail, Moses, senator, 293 
Valentine, Anthony, drowned, 

Van Ale, Johan, fire master, 185 

Lawrence, supervisor, 111,121 

Wm. 138; assessor, 132, 151, 

172 ; skipper, 15 

Vanallen, Mr., 206, 207, 209,212 

Van Antwerp, William, died, 287 

Van Baas, Jan Hendricks, com- 

missaris, 13 
Van Beeck, Isaac, director, 65 

Van Bergen, Marte Gerretsen, 93 
Van Bockhorne, Claes, 147 
Van Borssum, Egbert, 37 
Van Brugge, Charles, 53 
Van Bruggen, P. M., 115 
Van Brugh, Johannes, 173 
Pieter, 132,134,161, 163,199, 
205 ; justice*, 94 ; mayor, 90, 
99 ; papers demanded of, 115 
Van Buren, Mrs. Peter, died, 

Van Corlear (Van Curler), 
Arent, 41 
Benoni, assessor, 108 
Jacob, 35 
Van Cortlandt, Mr., 251 
Oloff Stevenson, 44 
S., 141 
Van Dam, Claes Ripse, 104, 138 
Van de Capelle, Alexander, 67 

Henrik, 61, 67 
Van Den Berg, Cornelius K., 

Vander Donck, Adriaen, 35, 36 ; 
his memorial respecting ser- 
vants, 81 ; his six guns re- 
stored, 82 ; malcontent, 54 ; 
plaintiff, 38 
Van der Gouw, Gillis Pietersen, 

carpenter, 34 
Van der Hey den, Abraham, 170, 
Dirk, 149, 150, 166 ; assessor, 
108 ; assistant alderman, 
188,187; constable, 172 
Vanderhoff, James Henry, died, 
Mrs. Michael, died, 286 
Van der Hoykens, Cornells, 46 ; 
attorney general, 42, 43, 44, 
45, 46 ; exculpates himself, 
49, 50 
Vanderkemp, Francis Adrian, 

translates records, 33 
Van der Poel, Melgaert, 166, 
Teunis Cornelijs, commissaris, 

Wynant Gertse, 10 



Van der Slust, Jan, carpenter, 74 
Van der Utthoft, Wouter, 122 

Van der Vinne, notary, 76 
Vanderzee. Mrs. Margaret, died, 
Van Dyck, Cornelius, 327 
Van Elpendam, Adriaen, no- 
tary, 125, 127 
Van Emburgh, Mrs. Nancy, died, 

Van Eps, Jan Baptist, captured, 

157, 160, 167, 168 ; killed, 245, 

Van Heusen, Garrit Lansing. 

died, 364 
Van Heyden, Jan, 132 
Van Hoese, Casper, 104, 115 
Van Ingen, James, clerk, 291 ; 

translator, 318 
Van Kortlant, Oloffe Stevens, 24; 

see Van Cortland 
Van Loon, John, 125, 127 ; de- 
livers over papers, 139 

Mrs. Peter, died, 338 

Peter, died, 340 
Van Meese, killed and burnt, 245 

Peter, 321 
Van Nes, Cornelys, 11; consta- 
ble, 133 

Garrit, assistant alderman, 130 
assessor, 89, 90, 108, 127, 
151, 154, 155 

Hend., 155 

Jacob, died, 354 

Jan, assessor, 133, 173 ; path- 
master, 151 

Peter, senator, 327 

Symon, 247 
Van Noorstrant, Jacob, jun., 

died, 154 
Van Rensselaer, Capt. Kilian, 
88, 136 ; colonel, 203 

De Heer, 38 

Gen. Henry K., sketch of, 340 

Gen. Solomon, died, 340; 
buried, 343 

Hend., 88, 89, 115, 120, 127, 
134, 156, 158, 173 

Henry K., 327 

Van Rensselaer, James, 315 
Jeremiah, 327 ; bank presi- 
dent, 295 ; chaii'man, 327 ; 
vote for, 301 
Jer., Jr., assemblyman, 293 
Jeremias, patroon, 13; rent 
due from, 7 ; recommended 
for captain of horse 7 
John, 76 
John Baptist, 86 
Kiliaen, 33, 34, 36, 44, 45, 46 
47,97,111, 159,179; buys 
horses, 35 ; oldest patriot 
in the country, 48 
Killian K., congressman, 305 
Mrs. Stephen, died, 301 
Peter S., 315 
Philip, died, 291 
Philip S., mayor, 295 
Stephen, 210, 223, 318, 342; 
director, 304 ; president, 
346 ; vote for, 301 
VanRensselaers in 1795, 218 
Van Salee, Anthony Jansen, 35, 
Van Santvoord, Anthony, died, 

Van Santvoort, Ann, died, 267, 
Van Schaack, Lawrence, 130 
Van Schaick, Anthony, 127, 131, 
134,138,155,157; elder, 117 
118, 120 
Anthony Sybrant, glazier, 

Garret W., director, 304 
Goosen, 115, 170 
Goosen Gerritsen, 1 ; commis- 

saris, 13 
Levinus, 120 
Van Schee street filled, 302 
Van Schoonhoven, Dirk B., 327 
Van Slechtenhorst, Brant, 59 ; a 
quarrelsome fellow, 53 ; takes 
possession of Catskill illegally, 
59 ; expels garden owners, 69 ; 
his claims, 70; see Slichten- 
Van Stogpens, Cornells, 37 . 
Van Strecht, Symon Volkertsen, 

Annals^ iv. 




Van Tienlioven, Adriaen, 44, 84 
Cornells, 34, 40, 46, 47, 49 
62 ; frauds of, 83 5 cause of 
massacre, 84; secretary, 41, 
42, 43, 44, 63, 65 
Wouter, 34, 35, 53, 67, 70; 
design to monopolize North 
river trade, 62 ; malcontent, 
54, 55, 56, 62; obtains lands 
illegally, 58 ; 'smuggler, 80 
Van Vechten, Abraham, 318 

Teunis, secretary, 315 
Van Vleck, Roeloff, made free- 
man, 131 
Van Voorst, Cornells, 35 
Van Vranken, Garret, died, 811 
Van Wensveen, Dirck Cornells, 

Van Werkenhoven, Cornells, 68 ; 

his colony, 74 
Van Wie's point, 377 
Van Wuggelum, Pr.,117, 122 
Van Zandt, John, his age, 357 
Veazie, Moses K., died, 350 
Vedder, Albert, captured, 246 
Johannes, captured, 246 
Margaret Catharine, died, 343 
Ven do Veen, Jan, notary, 60 
Verbeck, Jan, 105 
Gerrit, shot, 8 

Jan, 105 ; deceased, 90, 99 ; 
funeral expecises, 88 
Verbrugge, Joannes, 46, 47 
Ver Brugh, Mr., 131 
Verleet, Nicholas, 24 
Vernam, J. R., robbed, 338 
Vernon, George, died, 287 
Vernor, John, 267 ; died, 287 
John, Jr., died. 287 
Mary, died, 267 
Mrs. John, died, 287 
Verplank, Isaac, 115, 129 ; col- 
lector, 151, 172, 261 
Mrs. Margaret, 131 
Viele, Arnout Corn,, captured, 
Mary, killed, 245 
Mrs. Cornells, Jr., shot, 245 

Vinhagen, Jan, alderman. 88, 

89; justice, 88 
Vischer, Alida, died, 358 
Mat, clerk, 327 
Sebastian, 315 
Viselaer, Jan Cornelise, 97, 98, 
104 ; fire master, 153 
Joh. Harmensen, 177 
Volkenburgh Joachim, 168, 169, 
Lambert, deceased, 168 
Volkertsen, Symon, 37, 38 
Vosburgh, Pieter, 89 ; justice, 
94, 136, 141 
Gertruyd, divorced, 14 
Isaac W., treasurer, 346 
Vossen Kill, 167 
Vote of the county, 301 
Vroman, Adam, son captured, 
Bartholomeus, killed and 

burnt, 245 
Hend., 132, 157 ; freeman, 131 
Mrs. Adam, shot, 246 

Waddy, Samuel, died, 330 
Wainwright, Bishop, 364 
Wakefield, Eliza, died, 287 

Elizabeth, died, 287 
Waldron, Martha Maria, died, 

Pieler,99,132,215; constable, 
133; freeman, 131 
Walker, Elizabeth, died, 287 

Amos T., died, 287 
Wall, David, 280 
Wallace, Benj., 318 

Benjamin L., died, 339 
Walls of city to be repaired, 

148 ; see stockadoes 
Walsh, Dudley, director, 304 

William, died, 336 
Walworth, Sophia M., died, 359 
Wampum, value of, 260 
Wands, James, 318 

John W., died, 354 
War with England, 72 
Ward, Mrs. Mary Ann, died, 345 
' Owen, died, 344 



Warren, ]\Irs. Joseph, died, 348 

Washington, death of, 297 ; pub- 
lic funeral ceremony, 298 ; 
monument aid, 358 ; (S. Pearl) 
street paved, 316 ; birthday, 
■ 336 

Waspinox Indians, 41 

Watch expenses. 316, 319 ; 1799, 
294; 1800, 297; 1801, 304; 
tax for, 312 ; see rattle watch 

Watching, act respecting, 203, 
, 204 

Watchmen reappointed, 188 

Water Hound ship, 43 

Waterford bridge opened, 317 

Waterman, Samu.el, died, 287 

Watervliet estates, 297 

Waterworks dividend, 305, 310 

Watkins house, 313 

Watson, J., vote for, 301 
P. v., died, 335 

Waugh, Frances, died, 287 
James, died, 287 

Weaver, John, 293 
Joseph, died, 357 

Webb, Henry B., died, 353 
Henry Y., 287 
John, captured, 246 
Mrs. Henry Y., died, 287 
Thomas K., died, 289 

Webster, Charles R., 293, 296 
Daniel, death of, 358 
Mrs. Mehitable, died, 359 
Mrs. Milton L., died, 289 

Weed, Walter, survivor, 366 

Weems, Capt. James, 90, 91, 123, 
124, 128, 129, 150, 178 ; con- 
dition of the garrison depict- 
ed by, 143, 144 

Weesmasters, 1, 2 

Weights and measures, 140 
English standard, 2, 4 

Well spoiled, 177 
to be dug, 205 

Wells, Fanny, died, 289 
Mrs. Hannah, died, 289 
Mrs. Israel, died, 289 
William S., died, 289 

Wemp, John, 157, ICO, 167, 168, 
Myndt., 246 ; killed, 245 

Wendell, Evert, Jr., 170; col- 
lector, 172 
Evert, Jr., trader, 99, 165 
Evert, senr., 88, 109, 181 
John W., died, 305 
Harmanus, collector, 132, 155 
Philip, 115 
see Janse, Evert 

Wendell's creek (Beaver kil), 

Werner, J. I., orator, 349 ; se- 
cretary, 339 

Wesley, Mrs. James, 289 

Wessels, Jotham, 14 

Maj. Dirk, 93, 95, 126, 127, 
181, 197, 203 ; recorder, 244, 
255, 256; justice, 188; see 
Ten Broeck 

Westerlo, Rensselaer, 318 
street filled, 302 

Western Inland Lock Naviga- 
tion Company, 293, 298, 306 

Weston, Mary, died, 279 
William, died, 289 

Wheat, 1804, 316, 318, 319; 
from Ontario, 316 ; great wag- 
on load, 316; price, 1692, 195; 
1799,293; 1801,303; in 1804, 
318, 315 

Wheeler, Smith, died, 289 • 

Whipple, Barnum, 288 

Captain Oresmus, died, 289 

Catharine Abigail, died, 288 

Col. William, 289 

Ezra, 288 

John, murdered, 288 

Whish, John, died, 351 

White, Joseph, 293 
Mrs. Emily, died, 347 
Richard, died, 289 

Whitney, Mrs. Wm., died, 353 
Richard H. M., died, 336 

Wickes, E., 346 

Jeannie W., died, 354 
Jonas. 354 



Widows called upon to aid in 

repairing city walls, 148 
Wilcox, George, died, 289, 344 

William, 289 
Wilder, John N., 346 
Wiles, Mrs. Lewis, died, 337 
Willett, Elbert, 316 

Thomas, his pass, 15; wit- 
ness, 51, 52 
William, Prince, 37 
Williams, Edwin H., died, 357 

Elizabeth, 262 

Emily E., died, 358 

Thomas, 117, 121, 122, 135, 
162 ; attorney, 157 ; sheriff, 
Williamson, Capt., 223 

Hendrick, 16 

Mrs. Elizabeth, died, 344 
Willys, Sam, 24 
Wilson, Andrew, installed, 305 

James, died, 350 

John A., 289 

Levina Augusta, died, 289 

Mary L. J., died, 333 

Mrs. John A., died, 289 
Wing, Dr. J. A., 289; died, 354 

James, died, 289 

Lydia, died, 289 

Matthew Gregory, died, 289 

Mrs. Dr. J. A., 289 
Winne, Daniel K., died, 354 

Frans, 152, 179, 184, 187; 
assistant alderman, 151, 172, 

Jacob, assemblyman, 293 ; 
died, 357 

Levinus, 132, 138, 157; fire- 
master, 153 

Mrs. James, died, 289 

Mrs. Maria A., died, 283 

Pr., deceased, 97 
Winter 1802, mild, 305 
Winthrop, Gov. John, 3, 20, 23, 

Wise, Rabbi I. M., 346 
Wolferts, Jacob, 67 
Wolves, bounty for, 199 

Wood, Anthony, died, 356 

delinquents to deliver, 152 

I., 310 

Jas., 290 

Mrs. Betsey, died, 290 

Mrs. James, died, 290 
Woodworth, Harriet, died, 336 
Wool, Capt., 342 
Woollett, L., architect, 330 
Worth, G. A., cashier, 366 
Wright, John, died, 290 

Mrs. John, died, 290 
Wyatt, Amelia Caroline, died, 

Wjnants, Melgt.,157 
Wynegaert, Gerrit Luykasse, 

trader, 165 
Wynkoop, James, ferry master, 

Magdalena, died, 347 

Peter, supercargo, 48, 49 ; il- 
licit trader, 50 ; promises to 
defend himself, 51 

William D., died, 351 
Wyse, Caroline, died, 290 

Mary, died, 290 

Mrs. F. H., died, 290 

Yager, Monroe, died, 290 
Yates, Abraham, jun., 327 
John W., cashier, 308 
Joseph C., director, 304 
Peter W.,327 
Robert, 321 ; senator, 293 
Yeates, Joseph, cartman, 96 
Yellow fever quarantine, 310, 

318; subscriptions, 294 • 
Yertz, John, died, 330 
Youd, Mrs. Robert, died, 290 
Young Men's Association, 333, 

Young, William A., city record- 
er, 329 
Younglove, John, 327 
Youngs, Mrs. Francis, died, 290 

Zea, Walter V., 99 
Zeilman, John A., died, 369