(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The annals of Albany"

IF 

129 
IA35M8 
185O 

lv.4 
c. 1 
ROBA 



Presented to the 

LIBRARY of the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 



?.IO LEGISLATIVE Li3?A?.Y- 




THE 



ANNALS OF AL 



.. 




BY. J. MUNSELL 



VOL. IV 




ALBANY: 

JOEL MUNSELL, 78 STATE STREET. 
1853. 



PREFACE. 



It has been said, truly, that antiquity has a just claim 
upon our veneration. But it does not follow, as has also 
been said in the same connection, that the enthusiastic 
antiquary, peering into the murky recesses of the olden 
ages, till his eyes become dim with ancient dust, must 
necessarily be wholly blind to the splendid realities of 
the present. The past and the present are equally the 
objects of preservation here. 

Among the contents of this volume will be found a 
portion of the Albany Records. They disclose the mo- 
tives which induced Gov. Stuyvesant to insist, with so 
much resolution, upon the boundaries of Fort Orange, 
now the city of Albany. His employers at home strenu- 
ously inculcated an energetic defence of the title to the 
premises against the patroon. The notes at the bottom 
of the pages of these records, in British New York cur- 
rency, are the work of the translator, and seem to be 
discrepant, although the translator should have had the 
best knowledge of the subject. The same remark is 
made of the guilders reduced to English currency in pa- 
rentheses. 

The current annals of the year are almost confined to 
a necrology; repetitions of events of daily occurrence, 
needing a greater lapse of time to give them sufficient 
dignity in print, have been somewhat abridged, 



CONTENTS. 



Records of the Court of Assize, 7 

Capitulation of the Dutch to the English, 28 

Charter of Liberties and Privilege?, 32 

Albany Records, 40 

City Records, 1699 to 1705, OS 

Plan of Albany, 1676, 200 

Acts relating to Albany, 1691 to 1713, 203 

Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany , 219 

Burning of Schenectady, 240 

Inscriptions in the Episcopal Burinl Ground, 277 

Notes from the Newspapers, 306 

Objections to the adoption of the Constitution, 336 

Plan of Albany, 1765, 344 

Annals of the year 1852, 345 

Heal and Personal Property assessed, 1852, 385 

Rain Tables, 388 

Governors under the English Dynasty, 394 

Opening and Closing of the Rher, 391 

Index, 395 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Plan of Albany, 1770, Frontispiece.. 

Plan of Albany, 1676, 200 

Cohoes Falls. 233 

Plan of Albany, 1765, 344 

Taylor Monument, 300 

Old City Hall, 326 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



RECORDS 

OF 

THE COUKT OF ASSIZE 

From a Volume in the Office of the Secretary of State.* 



New York, Sept. 27th, 1666. 

William Teller Plaintiff, Cornelius Bogardus Defendant. 
An appeal from a verdict obtained in the Court at Albany. 

William Teller Plaintiff. The Executors of Cornelius 
Bogardus Defendants. Mr. Rider and Mr. Sharp attorneys 
for Plaintiff. 

They put in a Declaration complaining against the 
Judgment of the Court at Albany, whereby the Plaintiff 
was ordered to give in a Particular of his Estate, as it 
was at y e Decease of his former wife that her children's 
portions might bee ascertained and secured. He Alledges 
his ignorance of the Customes at Albany at that time so 
omitted, but gave it in Gross as hee was informed other 
had done before him ; That it was absolutely impossible 
for him to comply with said Judgment, the property of 
divers things being altered, and it being so long since that 
many things are out of his minde. but hee is ready to 
sweare to what hee formerly gave in. A Copy was read, 
of the Plaintiffs giving in security to the Weesmasters for 
Three Thousand five hundred Guilders for the Children. 

* Only such matters as relate to the city of Albany and its inha- 
bitants are copied from these records, which were kept in the city of 
New York, immediately after it came into the hands of the English 

2 



8 Records of the Court of Assize. 

before his Second Marriage, which was published at Alba- 
ny and in this City. That no exception was then made 
against it, so the Plaintiff tooke it for graunted, hee had 
performed his duty. 

Goosen Garretsens Evidence was read. 

Mr. Bogardus appeares for the Defendants and putts 
in an Answer to the Declaration, and produces Proofes to 
make the Plaintiffs fraud to appeare. Hee produces also, 
Depositions from several! other persons, which were ob- 
jected against, as taken since y e Tryall at Albany. 

The Court having heard the Case debated at large and 
examined the proofes and Testimonyes on both parts, do 
thinke fit to Order and Decree as followeth (vizt.) 

William Teller Plaintiff. The Executors of Cornelius 
Bogardus Defendants. 

At the Generall Court of Assizes, &c. The Court doth 
Decree, That in regard y e Apellant did not, according to 
the Law and Custome of y e Country where hee Inhabitts 
(in such Cases Provided) give in a peculiar Account of his 
Estate to y 6 Weesmasters or Overseers for Orphans, who 
are persons appointed to receive the same whereby the 
Court hath reason to suspect, that the Children are de- 
frauded of their due Rights Therefore the said Apellant 
shall pay to each of the Children hee had by his former 
wife, the Sume of Eighty five Bevers, over and above what 
his Daughter Helena, the widdow of Cornelius Bogardus, 
hath received And that the said Appellant do put in Se- 
curity to the Weesmasters or Overseers of Orphans at 
Albany, for the due performance hereof And further, 
That the said Weesmasters and Overseers are hereby re- 
quired and Authorized to put this Decree in Execution 
according to the true intent and meaning hereof, And also, 
that the said Appellant do pay the Costs of Court and 
Charges. 

Nov. 4th, 1669. That y e Lawes relating here unto 
(uniformity of Weights &c,) shall be put in execution. 
The time for y 6 Inhabitants of this Citty of New Yorke 
Long Island & places adjacent to begin on y 6 first day of 
January next, & for y e Towne of Albany, Rensselaerswijk, 



Records of the Court of Assize. 9 

Schanecktade, als Kingston, Esopus and these parts adja- 
cent on y 6 1st day of Aprill, by which tyme all persons 
that sell either by weight or measure are to be provided 
with weights and measures according to y 6 English stand- 
ard of which y Officers in each respective place are to 
take care, & that no person shall presume to sell by any 
other weight or measure. 



The Governor's Letter to ye Commissaries at Albany. 

Gentlemen There hath beene with the Governor Pere- 
wyr lately chosen Sachem of y 6 Hackingsack Tappan & 
Staten Island Indians to renew and acknowledg y e peace 
between them and the Xprime here & with all declared 
y" peace made between them & y 6 Maques & Syunaks 
Indians, The which they say they are resolved to keep 
inviolably. The Governor hath comaunded me to signify 
y 6 same unto you & you may putt it upon record there as 
it will be here to be a Testimony against those that shall 
make y e first breach. This is all at present from 
Gent, Your very Loving freind 

New York, August 13th, 1669. 
To y 6 Commissaries at Albany, These. 



The Governor's Letter to ye Schout at Albany. 

Mr. G. Swart I understand that in taking y e security 
of Captain Baker, for his appearance at y e Assizes you 
tooke an Inventory of all his goods and engaged them 
likewise y 6 which you had no direction to do the Assizes 
being putt of for a month your former bond stands good, 
but in y 6 meane tyme you are no way to molest Captain 
Baker in y 6 disposall of his goods either by way of Trade 
or any other occasione he shall have for them so that he 
make not away all his Estate with fraudulent intent to 
deceive y 6 course of Law and Justice which is all I have 
to say at present being 

Your Loving freind 

F. LOVELACE. 

New Yorke, October 2d, 1669. 
For Mr. G. Swart Schout at Albany, These. 



10 Records of the Court of Assize. 

The Governor's Letter to the Schout and Commissaryes at 
Albany. 

Gentlemen The Governor hath received y 6 proposi- 
tions you sent from y 6 Matucander Indians a Copy where 
of he doth intend to transmitt to Governour Winthrop 
from whom he dayly Expects a returne of all y e former 
papers of which you will have an Acct. The Governour 
hath given me Orders to acquaint you that he would have 
you as formerly to provyde a scow to help y 6 souldiers in 
their provision of fire wood against winter which is all at 
present from Your Loving freind 

MATTHIAS NICOLLS. 

October 27th, 1669. 
To y e Schout & Commissaryes at Albany. 



The Governour's Commission for Jan Juriaens Becker to 

be publique notary at Albany. 
Francis Lovelace Esquire, one of y 6 gentlemen &c. 

Whereas It is thought convenient that there should be 
a publique Notary at Albany as formerly in which place 
at present there is no person to Execute that office & 
having conceived a good opinion of y Capacity and fittness 
of Jan Jurians Becker upon y e Recommendations given of 
him to me I have thought fitt to nominate & appoint & 
by this my present Commission I do nominate Constitute 
& appoint him y 6 said Jan Jurians Becker to be publique 
Notary for y 6 Town of Albany, Rensselaerswijck, Scha- 
nectade & places adjacent. By virtue of which Commis- 
sion he hath power to attest any Deeds, Instruments, wills 
Testaments Codicell, contracts, Agreements or any other 
Acte or Actes as publique Notaryes have usually power 
to doe as also to take & receive such privileges & advan- 
tages as to y 6 office of a publique Notary doth any way 
belong or appertaine He taking y e oath in y Lawes ap- 
pointed for y e due perfourmance of y e Trust reposed in 
him. Given under my hand & sealed with y e Scale of y e 
Colony at Fort James in New Yorke this 1st day of No- 
vember in y e 21st year of his Majesties Raigne Anno Do- 
mini 1669. 



Records of the Court of Assize. 11 



An Order concerning Weights and Measures. 

Whereas by an Acte of y 6 last Generall Court of Assizes 
It was ordered That all weights & measures to be used 
within this Government should be brought to the English 
standard & that no goods or comodityes should be either 
bought or Sould by any other weight or measure in this 
Citty of New Yorke, Long Island & places adjacent after 
the first day of this Instant January & at Albany, Kings- 
ton, and those parts after y e first day of March next under 
y 6 penalty in y 6 Lawe sett forth. But finding it very diffi- 
cult & Inconvenient to putt y e said Acte in practise at 
y 6 tymes & places prescribed for want of a sufficient quan- 
tity of weights and measures of y 6 English standard to be 
disposed of and disperst throughout y 6 Government, I 
Have therefore with the Advice of my Counoell thought 
fitt & by these presents do thinke fitt to order publish & 
declare that it shall and may be lawfull for any person or 
persons within this Government to sell and buy by y e same 
weights and measures they have been heretofore accrs- 
tomed unto untill y 6 Country can be supplied with such 
other weights & measures as in y e said Acte of Assizes 
are required for y 6 which all speedy Care shall be taken 
Alwayes provided That every one do observe & performe 
their Contracts y 6 One with y 6 other whether they agree 
to sell or buy by English or Dutch weight or measure so 
that no fraudulent or sinister dealing be practised for 
want of putting y 6 former Acts & Orders touching this 
matter in Execution. And all manner of persons are 
hereby injoyned to yeild obedience to this Order which 
is but Temporary The said Acte of y 6 Generall Court of 
Assizes or any other Acte or Lawe to ye Contrary in any 
wise not withstanding. 

Given under my hand & Sealed with y e Scale of y 6 Co- 
lony at Fort James in New Yorke this ffirst day of January 
in y e 21st yeare of y* Raigne of our Soveraigne Lord 
Charles y 6 Second by y 6 Grace of God of England. Scot- 
land, France and Ireland Kinge Defender of ye faith &c. 
Anno Domini, 1669. 



12 Records of the Court of Assize. 

The Governor's Letter to Capt. Lovelace. 

Brother I Received Yours of y 6 2d of April, 1670 by 
Jaques Cortelijou & have not since had an opportunity to 
return e you an answer neither was I much solicitous so to 
doe for my Expectations were to see you here dayly but 
understanding of new resolutions you have taken of goeing 
up to Albany & Mr. Delavalls occasion likewise calling 
him thither, I am very willing you should accompany him 
& y* rather in regard some publique affaires will occur 
which will require y 6 assistance of some commissioner for 
their dispatch You are there to assist Mr. Delavall in y 6 
Execution of such things as shall tend to y 6 good & welfare 
of those partes & likewise if any private business shall 
fall under your consideration to determyn it as shall be 
agreeable to Justice & y e satisfaction of y 6 oppressed 
amongst which here haveing beene a complaint exhibited 
against Captain Baker by Jochem y 6 Baker & finding it 
not only difficult but too tedious to decide y 6 Controversy 
here I have thought it good to transfer y 6 matter to y 6 
Magistrates at Albany together with Mr. Delavall & 
yourselfe as Comissioners as if authorized by y e formality 
of a Comission I know you will be vigilant to have an 
inspection into all matters that shall relate to y 6 publique 
both as to y 6 Garrison and Civill affayres y 6 account 
whereof I shall expect from you both not doubting but 
that you will comport yourselfe with such prudence & 
moderation as shall tend to y 6 firme Establishment of y 6 
publique interest there & give me an occasion to subscribe 
my selfe 

Your affectionate brother 

FRAN: LOVELACE. 

Fort James llth of Aprill, 1670. 

Instructions for Mr. Thomas Delavall fy Capt. Dudley 

Lovelace at their arrival to Albany. 
1. That they show Mr. Winthrops Letter to me to y 6 
Magistrates there & consult what is best to be done to y* 
Accomplishment of a peace between y e Maquases and 
north Indians. 



Records of the Court of Assize. 13 

2. To see in what Condition y 6 Garrison is & to con- 
trive a way for y 6 reparation of y 6 ffort. 

3. To state y e souldiers Accounts & informe me what 
is due to them that so they may be supplyed. 

4. To see in what reparations y 6 confiscated houses 
are & (if an advantageous proffer) happens to contract 
for y 6 sale of them. 

5. To see how y 6 Excise is paid & what is in Arrears 
and to forme it anew for y 6 year ensuing. 

6. To Examyne into Mr. Renslaers Rent of Corne & 
what he is behynde & to speed it hither as likewise to 
put it in a certaine method. 

7. To acquaint y 6 Magistrates that I look upon that 
Church & Ministry as the porochiall Church of Albany 
(for it was found Establish t by my predecessors & myself) 
& leave y 6 supportation of it to y 6 discretion of ye magis- 
trates to maintaine a minister either by way of Taxe or 
otherwise & that no Inhabitant of what opinion soever be 
Exempt but bear his proportion & that they give me an 
Account of their transactions in this perticular. 

8. To make a prohibition that no strangers coming from 
hence or goeing from Albany that have no residence at 
Schanecktade do trade there & that y 6 Inhabitants of that 
place be likewise Jymited as to their Trade with y 6 In- 
dians. 

9. To inquire if it were not more advantageous to y 6 
Towne of Albany to have another house for y 6 Indians at 
y 6 Entrance of y 6 Town below y* Hill that so y 6 Inhabi- 
tants may have an Equal benefitt of y 6 Trade as well 
those that are below as those above. 

10. To prosecute y 6 design of raysing a Troop of horse 
there of y 6 which I recomend Mr. Renslaer to be Capt. 

An Order for ye suspension of ye Ministerial functions of 

Mr. Jacobus Fabritius at Albany. 
Whereas upon severall Complaints y 6 last year made 
unto me by y 6 Magistrates of Albany against Magister 
Jacobus Fabritius Pastor of y* Augustan Confession in 
that he intrenched upon y 6 Civill Authority there I then 
thought good to suspend his ministeriall function at Albany 



14 Records of the Court of Assize. 

untill either by Letters or the mediation of friends he 
should be reconciled to y 6 Magistrates there & that I from 
them should receive a Testimony of his reconciliation the 
which hath in no measure performed & there being now a 
difference likewise depending before me betweene y 6 said 
Magister & a Burger of this Citty for y e reasons aforesaid 
& for some other Considerations I have thought fitt for 
y 6 present to continue y 6 suspention of y 6 said Magisters 
Ministeriall functions at Albany & think it not Conve- 
nient therefore doe order that he go not up thither untill 
I gbe myselfe which I intend this sumer when all differ- 
ences betweene y 6 said Magister & y 6 Magistrates or others 
there may y e better be composed or y 6 Occasions removed 
by my presence. In y e mean tyme he y e said Magister 
Jacobus Fabritius hath liberty to Exercise his Function'in 
theise partes as heretofore without any disturbance, pro- 
vided he likewise give no trouble or molestation to others 
differing in Judgment from him. Given under my hand 
at Fort James in New Yorke this llth day of Aprill in y 6 
22d yeare of his Majesties Raigne, Anno Domine, 1670. 

A Pardon graunted to Jan Roeloffs. 
Francis Lovelace Esq., &c. Whereas Jan Roeloffs did 
in y 6 month of July, 1665 by an unhappy accident in 
shooting of a Gunne at unawares in one of y 6 streets of y e 
Towne of Albany wound y e body of Gerritt Verbeeck an 
Inhabitant of that place of which said wound he dyed. 
The which being strictly Examined & inquired into by y 6 
officers there & represented to my predecessor Coll. Rich- 
ard Nicolls, & withall that y 6 said Jan Roeloffs & Gerritt 
Verbeeck had not any private Grudg or former difference 
upon any occasion between them as also that the Gunne 
was not knowne by y e said Jan Roeloffs to be loaden when 
he shott it of. The said Gerritt Verbeeck having likewise 
forgiven and acquitted him upon his death bed of any ill 
or malitious intent against him. Upon which & divers 
other considerations my predecessor was induced to order 
and promise a pardon unto y e said Jan Roeloffs for y e said 
fact y 6 which he having not unto this day procured in 
forme as by y e Lawe is required he being ignorant of y e 



Records of the Court of Assize. 15 

Customes in such cases used : Upon y e request of y e said 
Jan Roeloffs & at y 6 instance of his relations in this place 
that y e work of mercy begun by my predecessor might be 
compleated his Cryme appearing to be no other than Un- 
happy Accident without any malitious intent, I have 
thought good to Ratifye & confirme what was heretofore 
ordered & promised by my predecessor. And by these 
presents do give, graunt Ratifye & confirme unto y 6 said 
Jan RoelofFs a free pardon for the aforesaid offence touch- 
ing y l Accidentall death of y e said Gerritt Verbraeck with 
a release of all forfeitures and Escheats of any Estate be- 
longing to him which according to y e strictnesse of ye 
Lawe might be Extorted from him so that he hath all 
priviledg to follow his vocation or calling as formerly 
without any Lett hinderance or disturbance from any 
person or persons whatsoever within this Government or 
any other of his Majesties Dominions upon y e occasion 
before specified. Given under my hand & Sealed with y e 
Scale of y 6 province at ffort James in New Yorke this 1 st 
day of May 1670. 



An Order for Jan Jurians Beecker to be Schoolmaster at 
Albany. 

Whereas Jan Jeurians Beecker had a Graunt to keep y e 
Dutch school at Albany for y e teaching of youth to read 
& to wryte y 6 which was allowed of and confirmed to him 
by my predecessor Coll. Richard Nicolls Notwithstanding 
which severall others not so capable do undertake y e like 
some perticular tymes & seasons of y e yeare when they 
have no other Imployment, where by y e Schollars remov- 
ing from one Schoole to another do not onely give a great 
discouragement to y e maister who makes it his businesse 
all y e yeare but also are hindred & become y e more back- 
wards in there learning ffor y e Reasons aforesaid I have 
thought fitt that y e said Jan Jurians Beecker who is 
esteemed very capable that wa}- shall be y e allowed school- 
master for y e instructing of y e youth at Albany & partes 
adjacent he following y e said Imployment Constantly & 
diligently & that no other be admitted to interrupt him 
It being to be presumed that y e said Beecker for y e youth 



16 Records of the Court of Assize. 

& Jacob Joosten who is allowed of for y 6 teaching of y 6 
younger children are sufficient for that place. Given 
under my hand at Sort James in New Yorke this 16th 
day of May, 1670. 



The Governor's License, granted unto John Shutte, for 

teaching of the English Tongue at Albany. 
Whereas the teaching of the English Tongue is neces- 
sary in this Government; I have, therefore, thought fitt 
to give License $o John Shutte to bee the English School- 
master at Albany: And upon condition that the said 
John Shutte shall not demand any more wages from each 
Schollar than is given by the Dutch to their Dutch School- 
masters, I have further granted to the said John Shutte 
that hee shall bee the onely English Schoolmaster at 
Albany. 

Given under my hand, at Fort James in New York, 
the 12th day of October 1665. 

RlCH'D NlCOLLS. 



An Order for Trentie Melgers to be a profest sworne Mid- 
wife at Albany. 

Whereas I am given to understand that Tryntje Mel- 
gers y e wife of Wynant Gertse Vander pool a sworne & 
approved midwife at Albany in which Imployment she 
hath Continued for y 6 space of fourteene years past in 
good reputation not refusing her assistance but on y e con- 
trary affording her best help to y 6 poorer sorte of people 
out of Christian Charity as well as to y* richer sorte for 
reward & there being severall other less skilful 1 women 
who upon N occasion will pretend to be midwives where 
they can gaine by it but refuse their helpe to y 6 poore. 
These presents Certifye That I doe allow of y 6 said Tryntie 
Melgers to be one of y 6 profest sworne midwives at Albany 
& that she and one more skilfull woman be only admitted 
to Undertake y e same there Except upon Extraordinary 
occasions, They continuing their Charitable assistance to 
y e poore & a diligent attendance on their calling. Given 
under my hand and Seale at ffort James in New Yorke 
this 27th Day of May 1670. 



Records of the Court of Assize. 17 

An Order for Dirck Theunissen to have ye priviledg of 

Cutting and gelding of horses. 

Whereas I am informed that it hath formerly beene a 
Custome in y 6 Collony of Renslaerswijck Albany & parts 
adjacent to have some knowne skilfull person approved 
of & allowed for y e cutting or gelding of stone horses in 
those partes In which Imployment y 6 father of Dirk Theu- 
nisse Thuysman was alone settled by y 6 authority then in 
being who having well instructed his sonne in that Arte 
did sell and assigne over his priviledg unto y e said Dirck 
Theunissen his sonne. These presents Certifye all whom 
it may concerne that I do thinke fit to allowe of y e said 
Dirck Theunisen to have y 6 Priviledg sould him by his 
father as aforesaid at Albany Renslaerswijck & Schaneck- 
tade for cutting or gelding of such stone horses there as 
y 6 owners shall employ him about & that no other do 
molest him therein he performing with his best skill & 
diligence what he undertakes & shall be imployed upon 
that occasion. Given under my hand & seale at ffort 
James in New Yorke this 27th day of May 1670. 



An Order for Maritie Damen quietly to possesse her Land 
at Albany. 

Whereas Maritie Damen y 6 wife of Cornelys Van Nes 
of Albany did obtayne a patent from my predecessor Coll. 
Richard Nicolls for a certaine peice of Land called Canes- 
tagione y 6 which severall persons as I am informed who 
have since purchased Land neare unto it upon pretence 
of an Order that all those Lands should be layd & divided 
into Lotts doe give out that they will without y 6 consent 
of y e owner divide & cast Lotts for y 6 same although she 
be willing of herselfe to obey the Order made concerning 
y 6 Erecting of houses in a Neighborhood: These are to 
require all persons whom this may Concerne That they 
forbeare giving any molestation or disturbance unto y 6 
said Maritie Damen in y 6 Enjoyment & possession of her 
Land upon any pretence whatsoever, but that all matters 
relating thereunto doe remaine as they are untill I shall 
come up myselfe or send some persons to give Orders 



18 Records of the Court of Assize. 

therein as y e nature of y 1 " Cause shall require. Given 
under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 8th day 
of June 1670. 



William Hoffmeyer appointed Corne Meeter at Albany. 

Whereas it is Thought convenient & very necessary 
that some person should be employed as a sworne Corne 
Meeter at Albany to measure all manner of Graine or 
Corne that shall from thence be brought downe y e Ryver 
in any sloop Boate or Vessell y 6 which will prove as well 
to y e satisfaction of ye masters of such Sloopes boats or 
vessells who take it on board as of those who are to re- 
ceive y e same upon consideration hereof, I have thought 
fitt to nominate & appoint & by these presents do nominate 
& appoint William Hoffemeyer to be y e Corne Meeter at 
Albany who is to take an oath before y 6 Commissaryes 
of that place for y e due & carefull performance of his Im- 
ployment & all persons concerned after y e Publication 
hereof are required not to load on board any sloop, boate 
or vessell any sort of Grayne or Corne to be brought dtown 
y 6 Ryver untill it shall be first of all measured by y 6 
sworne Corne Meeter who is to receive for his paines & 
trouble such reasonable allowance as is usuall in other 
places or shall be ordered & recommended by y e commis- 
saryes : Given under my hand and Scale at ffort James 
in New Yorke this 13th day of June in y e 22d yeare of his 
Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 

No Stranger or Strange Vessell permitted to Trade up to 
Albany or Sopez without paying ye Dutyes required here. 

Whereas It is Represented unto me by y 6 Mayor & 
Aldermen of this Citty that it proves a very greate Incon- 
venience to y e Inhabitants here that divers Strangers and 
Strange Vessells any way Related to this place or Province 
doe frequently goe up Hudson's Ryver to Esopus & Albany 
there to trade & traffique Contrary to former Constitutions 
& Customes in such cases provided. It is this day ordered 
That no Stranger or Strange Vessell shall be permitted 
from & after y e Date hereof to passe up y e said Ryver to 



Records of the Court of Assize. 19 

either of y places aforesaid there to trade or Traffique 
upon any pretence whatsoever. However Such Vessells 
unloading their goods in this Citty & paying y e Dutyes 
required, the Owners of such goods have liberty to trans- 
port them into these parts in any other Vessels belonging 
to this port & may go up themselves with leave to nego- 
ciate there having first obtayned y 6 priviledg of being free 
Burgers of this Citty. Given under my hand at ffort James 
in New Yorke this 27th day of June in y d 22d yeare of his 
Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 



A Passe for John Dixe Master of ye Sloop ye Cock. 

These are to certify all whom it may concerne that I 
have given liberty to John Dixe Master of y* Sloop y* 
Cock to passe with his said Sloop up y e River to Albany 
with her loading where he hath freedome to trafick as y* 
rest of y e Inhabitants of this Citty of which place he is 
admitted a Burger. Given under my hand this 23d day 
of August, 1670. 

An Order for John Povey & Juriaen Jansen to be Pabliqiie 

Butchers at Albanye. 

Whereas It is Thought Convenient that some person or 
persons should be Lycensed & appointed at Albany as 
publique butchers to slaughter & kill such beasts & cattle 
for y 6 use of y 6 Towne as are Etable & in good condition. 
To prevent severall abusses therein I have thought fitt to 
graunt Lycense to John Povey & Juriaen Jansen Two 
persons Inhabitants of y 6 Towne that have beene Recom- 
mended to jne to be of Capacity & to have good knowledg 
in y e Trade of Butchers. That they shall have y 6 Privi- 
ledg to slaughter & kill any sorte of beasts & cattle in good 
condition fitt to be killed & usually vendible & y 6 same ta 
sell to y e Inhabitants of y e Towne or others. And that 
none else of y 6 Towne have y e like priviledge Except it 
be for their private Expence of provision in their owne 
familyes. They y e said Povey & Jansen engaging to sup- 
ply y c Towne for their better Accommodation with fresh 
Provision at such tymes of y 6 yeare as they shall be in 
3 



20 Records of the Court of Assize. 

season y e which they are to performe with Care accord- 
ingly. 

Given under my hand & Seale at ffort James in New 
Yorke this 23d Day of September in y e 22d yeare of his 
Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 

The Governor's Letter to ye Commissary es at Albany. 

Gentlemen I have Received your Letter with y 6 Double 
choice of Commissaryes of which I do approve of Goosen 
Gerrittse & Jan Hendricks Van Baas for Albany & Theu- 
nis Cornelijs Van der Poel for Renslaerwijck. This 
you'l receive by y e hands of your Neighbours Captain 
Jeremias Van Renslaer & Captain Philip Pieters at their 
retorne home which is all at present from 

Your very Loving freind 

FRAN. LOVELACE. 

7" 26th 1670. 



An Order for separation of Albert Andriesen & Gertruyd 

Vosburgh. 

Whereas strife & difference hath arisen betweene Albert 
Andriesen & Gertruyde Vosburgh his wife with y e which 
y e Commissaryes at Albany being acquainted fynding there 
Inclinations averse from living together as man and wife 
ought to doe they did by consent make an Agreement of 
their Seperation as likewise how their estates are to be 
divided betweene them. These are to Ratifye and Con- 
firme what hath beene Already ordered as to that perticu- 
lar by y e which each partye is to res satisfyed without 
giving any fnrther trouble upon this occasion. Given 
under my hand at ffort James in New Yorke this 24th day 
of October 1670. 



An Order for Thomas Delavall Esq., to have ye Lott of 
Land formerly graunted to Jotham Wessels at Albany. 
Whereas Jotham Wessels of Albany did obteyne a Pa- 
tent of me for a double Lott of ground upon y 6 Hills there 
next above Captain Philip Pieters Schuylers upon pretence 
of Erecting very good building thereupon like to y e rest 



Records of the Court of Assize. 21 

of his neighbors & that y 6 same was proportionable to what 
they had y 6 which appears to be otherwise neither hath 
he built upon more than y next Lott to Philip Peters y* 
other being onely fenct in, & left void, Contrary to y e 
Intent & meaning of y dispc sail thereof. I have there- 
fore thought fitt to graunt y e Lott next above where y e 
said Jotham hath built upon y e Hills unto Thomas Dela- 
vall Esq., Mayor of this Citty who hath liberty to erect a 
house and building thereupon y e same conteyning 20 foot 
or thereabouts in front of y e which when a due Survey 
shall bee taken and retorned to me he may have a Pattent 
of Confirmation any former graunt or Patent for y e same 
notwithstanding. Given under my hand and Seale at 
ffort James in New Yorke this 22d day of October in y e 
22d yeare of his Majesties Raigne Anno Domini 1670. 



No Stranger or Strange Vessells permitted to go up ye 

North Ryper to Esopus or Albany. 
Whereas I have Received a Petition from divers of y e 
Inhabitants of this Citty & Province who trade in Sloops 
& small vessells. That no Strangers or strange vessells 
may be permitted to go up y 6 North Ryver to Esopus or 
Albany concerning which there hath an Order beene for- 
merly made. I Have therefore thought fitt by y e Advice 
of my Councell that y e former Order bearing date y 6 27th 
day of June last be revived & standing in force to all In- 
tents & purposes & that no person or persons do presume 
to transgresse herein at their perills of which ye Officers 
at y* Custome house are to take a strict & Exact Account. 
Given under my hand at ffbrt James in New Yorke this 
9th day of March, 1670. 



A Letter from ye Governor to ye Mayor of ye City. 

Mr. Mayor You being one of y e Councell & well known 
in all y e publique Affairs at Esopus & Albany whether 
you are now takeing a voyage I shall not need to give 
you any particular Instructions but referr all Matters of 
that nature which shall come before you there to your 
prudent Management of which at your Returne I shall ex- 



22 Records of the Court of Assize. 

pect an Account. Soe wishing you a prosperous & speedy 
voyage I remaine 

Sir your very Lov : Friend . 

FRAN: LOVELACE. 
Apr: 28th, 1671. 



Grant to Mr. Thomas Willett to sayle up Hudson's River 

to Trade nottcithstanding ye late Order Sec. 
Whereas there is a Prohibition for all strange vessels 
not related to this City or Province to sayle up y 6 north 
River comonly called Hudsons River either to Esopus or 
Albany there to trade or traffique, And Captain Thomas 
Willett who hath formerly been twice Mayor of this City 
& is at present one of the Councell to this his Royal High- 
ness Government haveing now a Vessell or sloope here 
in this Porte called y Suan which hee hath a desire should 
sayle up y 6 said River with Goods the which in strictness 
may be adjudged a strange vessell & soe not tolerated to 
doe y 6 same haveing not been built within this Province 
(although in one of his Majesties neighboring Plantations) 
To y e end that scruple may be removed I have thought 
fitt to Grant unto y 6 said sloope known by y e name of y fr 
Swan as aforesaid shall ffrom & after y e Date hereof be 
lookt upon a ffree sloop of this province & shall have y p 
like Liberty priviledge & ffreedome to sayle up the said 
River or to any other Porte or Place within this Govern- 
ment as other vessells or sloopes of this City or Province 
may lawfully doe In like manner as if shee had been built 
in this place & soe shall be taken as any vessell belonging 
to this Porte; Any Custome or Order to y 6 Contrary in 
anywise notwithstanding. Given under my Hand and 
Seale at fforte James in New Yorke this 15th day of May 
in y e 23d yeare of his Majesties Reigne Anno Domini 1671. 

FRAN: LOVELACE, 
To all Officers or whom else this may concerne. 



An Order about ye Lutheran Members of this City* 
At a Councill held at Forte James in New Yorke y e 29th 
day of June 1671. 

Present y 6 Mayor & Aldermen of the City, 



Records of the Court of Assize. 23 

The difference betweene y 6 Lutheran Magister Jacobus 
Fabricius &c., & those of that Church that petitioned 
against him being taken into mature and deliberate Con- 
sideration; It is ordered that all those persons of that 
profession who have consented or subscribed to y e pay- 
ment for the Church House that they pay their propor- 
tions according to Agreement and likewise they pay or 
cause to be paid unto y e said Magister Their Pastor their 
proportions of his Salary, untill ye time of their late 
publique Disagreement, upon which y 6 Governor gave 
Commission to Mr. Lawrence & others to examine into 
the same. 



An Order about ye Lutherans in Answer to a petition pre- 
sented by some of that Congregation dissenting from ye 
rest, &c : 

Whereas a difference hath lately arisen between some 
of y 6 Lutheran Confession in this City & Jacobus Fabricius 
their Pastor whereupon Hendrick Williamsen, Bay Croes- 
velts, Johannes Freeze on y behalf of themselves & others 
have preferred a Petition unto mee, desireing that they 
may have nothing more to doe with their said Pastor nor 
that he may more molest them ; As also that some person 
may be appointed to supervize their Accounts & receive 
y 6 money they have subscribed to for their church, with 
some other particulars in y e said Petition sett forth ; These 
are to Authorize & appoint Mr. John Lawrence one of 
the Aldermen of this City and a Commissioner appointed 
To endeavour a Composure in this Affayre to Supervize 
y 6 Accounts of y e Petition & to receive y e moneys which 
already are or shall be Collected from y e persons who 
have subscribed to pay the same towards y e Church, as 
also to make an Entrj r according to their desire of all 
such Vtensils as doe belong to y* Church, of all which 
hee is to render mee an Account for soe doeing this shall 
be his Warrant. Given under my Hand at Forte James 
in New Yorke this sixth day of July 1671. 

FRANC: LOVELACE. 



24 Records of the Court of Assize. 

Gentlemen I have lately received Letters from y e 
Duke wherein it is particularly signifyed unto me that 
his Royall Highness doth approve of y e Toleration given 
to y e Lutheran Church in these partes I doe therefore 
Expect that you Hue freindly & peaceably with those of 
that profession giving them no disturbance in y 6 Exercise 
of their Religion as they shall reciue noe Countenance in 
but on y e Contrary strictly Answer any disturbance they 
shall presume to give unto any of you in your divine 
Worship, So I bid you farewell being 

Your very Loving freind 
Fort James in New Yorke this 13th Day of October, 1669. 

Letter from ye Governor to Captain Delavall at Albany 
upon ye Rumour that thejfrench were Comeingtowarde 
us, &c: 

Deare Sir I received your last ample Letter from 
Albany though when it arrived I was on Staten Island 
with a Mill Wright to search a convenient place to fix a 
Mill on; y 6 person you employed to deliver it mee made 
soe fearfull a Narrative af y 6 approach of y e ffrench, as if 
y 6 very Sword were already at your Throats; That toge- 
ther with Manning's impatience in presently despatching an 
Express to mee (whereas if hee had stayed but 3 houres 
I had been with him of my own Accord) begatt so great 
a pannique ffeare amongst y e Credulous Women that I 
verely beleive had not my presence moderated their ap- 
prehensions, Their ffeares would have dorove many of 
them to some remoter partes; & therefore for y e future 
pray use your best skell to allay the timorous apprehen- 
sions of y 6 Inhabitants there, least when a reall danger 
doe approach they become Altogether Useless. I can not 
possibly imagine whence y e Beliefe should proceed of y 
ffrenches Intentions to invade his Majesties Dominions ; 
you know there is ncfw Peace between y 6 2 Crownes, & 
y 6 Concernes of these poore parts of y 6 world cannot be 
an Intr<jduction to make a Breach between either. Lucas 
& Josen are returnd from Boston where they mett with a 
Vessell consigned to Mr. Charlestowne which Ves- 

sel as y 6 skipper affirmed (a Dutchman) sett sayle out of 




Records of the Court of Assize. 

y* Texell never made stay in any of y 6 English ports to 
Cleare, and arrived at Boston in 7 weeks, Lucas has been 
14 dayes on his way, soe that in all it amounts to nine 
weeks; and then there was noe appearance at all of any 
difference between y 6 English & French, some Jealousyes 
there were between Holland & ffrance but as then not yet 
broke out into Hostility; And if soe (as I am very confi- 
dent it is) how could any of those of Quibbeck have any 
Intelligence of a Breach ? considering likewise they must 
have been 3 months on their march already, & 9 weeks 
since all was peace in Europe. Certaine I am Courtsell 
dare not Commence a Warr on his own head especially 
such a one where of necessity hee must carry it on victo- 
riously or hee is utterly ruined, there being noe Doore 
left for him for a Retreat. Perhaps y 6 apprehensions of 
obstructing some of y 6 remote Indians from visiting and 
tradeing with you may be a Consideration that beares 
most probability with it ; since that may be performed 
with a party only, and how to prevent it I can not at this 
distance conjecture. At least till Stechtnoes Return, who 
may perhaps bring more cleare Intelligence ; In the meane 
time it will bee but prudence to manage these Alarums 
to our best advantage and to use those meanes that shall 
best conduce to our safety; To which end It will be ne- 
cessary that in y 6 first place a good & careful Correspond- 
ence be maintaind between Albany & Schanechtidee, ffor 
I look on that as a Frontier ; & that y 6 Inhabitants of that 
place putt themselves into some posture of Defence by 
keeping out schouts, and makeing some Block House 
which may give some Check to ye Enemy in case he should 
presume to advance into his Royall Highness Dominions. 

Next that at Albany a strict List be drawn of all able 
persons to beare Armes, and they to have their Armes 
visited with provision of Ammunition proportionable. 

That y 6 Horse likewise make an Appearance and those 
to be putt into a good posture likewise ; 

That out of each squadron one be constantly sent to 
schout between you and Schanechtide to doe y 6 like further 
into y 6 countrey & that these schouts be constantly re- 
lieved. 



26 Records of the Court of Assize. 

It were well that a Guard were kept in Towne By y* 
Burghers but withall Care must be had that they be not 
too much harrast, least when occasion offers they then 
prove unactive ; But above all keep up their spiritts, & 
lett them not know y 6 Danger (when it shall happen) till 
they be in the midst of it. 

For y 6 Forte I know Salisbury will be Active to putt 
all Things into a Readyness, as I have written to him in 
particular concerning that Affaire, I purpose speedily to 
be with you ; but would gladly receive my Masters Pac- 
quett which in all probility is not far from us. 

I have read y 6 Jesuites Letter & look on it only as 
French Rant, when I come up I shall then have leisure to 
discourse more close with him. I can think of noe more 
at present, only I rely on your wonted Care &'Committ 
all Affaires to your prudent Managery till my Comeing to 
you, And so Comitting you to Gods protection I remaine 
Your affectionate Friend 

FRANC: LOVELACE. 

N: Yorke, July y e 6th, 1671. 

The Governour's Letter to ye Commissaryes at Albany. 
Fort Jarnes in New Yorke this 24th day of January, 1669. 
Gentlemen I Received your Letter of y 8th of January 
by y 6 Indian by which I understand of your health & wel- 
fare which to me was a most welcome New Yeares guift 
& as it hath beene my sole Consideration your peace & 
happiness so y e continuance of it shall be my chiefest study 
I am glad all y e Indians are well disposed as to Imploy 
themselves to y e Bcauer hunting I doubt not but you will 
receive ye good effects of it by your next yeares handling 
by which tyme I am in greate hopes to Constitute a firme 
peace with y e Indians now in Hostility with each other 
& am sorry I have hitherto brought it to no greater per- 
fection but must withall assure you y e fault lay not in y p 
least on my parte in regard Mr. Winthrop who governes 
those Indians (by an accident of y 6 Indisposition of his 
Wife) has beene absent from his Gouernment all this sum- 
mer & Retorned not till y Churlishness of y 6 winter forbad 
all manner of Intercourse. In y e Spring I am resolved to 



Records of the Court of Assizes. 27 

proceed in y e worke of making a Generall peace. To 
which end I have already made some preparation there- 
unto which I beseech God to blesse It tending so much 
to y 6 universal! benefitt of those partes & perticuler yours. 
There is not anything of moment you have in perticuler 
Recomended to me if you had I should have answered 
your desires. If any thing falls out in y 6 Interim I must 
recomend it to your prudent management till I have j e 
favour to see you which I purpose this summer In y 6 
mean tyme I recomend you to y e protection of him who is 
able to stand by you in all Extremityes which God I be- 
seech to blesse & guide you & him who is 

Your assured freind, 

FRAN. LOUELACE. 



October (1672). Capt. Silvester Salisbury, Justice of 
peace at Albany. 



( 28 ) 
CAPITULATION 

OF THE 

DUTCH TO THE ENGLISH. 



These Articles following were consented to by the Per- 
sons here-under subscribed, at the Governour's Bouwery, 
August the 27th Old Style, 1664. 

I. We consent That the States General, or the West- 
India Company, shall freely injoy all Farms and Houses 
(except such as are in the Forts) and that within six 
months, they shall have free Liberty to transport all such 
Arms and Ammunition, as now does belong to them, or 
else they shall be paid for them. 

II. All Publique Houses shall continue for the Uses 
which they are for. 

HI. All People shall still continue free Denizens, and 
shall injoy their Lands, Houses, Goods, wheresoever they 
are within this Country, and dispose of them as they 
please. 

IV. If any Inhabitant have a Mind to remove himself, 
he shall have a Year and six Weeks from this day, to re- 
move himself, Wife, Children, Servants, Goods, and to 
dispose of his Lands here. 

V. If any Officer of State, or Publique Minister of State, 
have a Mind to go for England, they shall be transported 
Fraught free, in his Majesty's Frigotts, when these Frigotts 
shall return thither. 

VI. It is consented to, that any People may freely come 
from the Netherlands, and plant in this Colon y, and that 
Dutch Vessels may freely come hither, and any of the 
Dutch may freely return home, or send any Sort of Mer- 
chandize home, in Vessels of their own Country. 

VII. All ships from the Netherlands, or any other Place, 
and Goods therein, shall be received here, and sent hence, 
after the manner which formerly they were, before our 
coming hither, for six: months next ensuing. 

VIII. The Dutch here shall injoy the Liberty of their 
Consciences in divine Worship and Church Discipline. 



Capitulation of New Netherland. 29 

IX. No Dutchman here, or Dutch Ship here, shall upon 
any occasion, be pressed to serve in War against any Na- 
tion whatsoever. 

X. That the Townsmen of the Manhattans, shall not 
have any Soldiers quartered upon them, without being 
satisfied and paid for them by their Officers, and that at 
this present, if the Fort be not capable of lodging all the 
Soldiers, then the Burgomasters, by his Officers, shall ap- 
point some Houses capable to receive them. 

XI. The Dutch here shall injoy their own Customs 
concerning their Inheritances. 

XII. All Publique Writings and Records, which concern 
the Inheritances of any People, or the Reglement of the 
Church or Poor, or Orphans, shall be carefully kept by 
those in whose Hands now they are, and such Writings 
as particularly concern the States General, may^at any 
Time be sent to them. 

XIII. No Judgment that has passed any Judicature 
here, shall be called in Question, but if any conceive that 
he hath not had Justice done him, if he apply himself to 
the States General, the other Party shall be bound to 
answer for the supposed Injury. 

XIV. If any Dutch, living here, shall, at any Time 
desire to travaile or traffique into England, or any Place, 
or Plantation, in Obedience to his Majesty of England, 
or with the Indians, he shall .have (upon his Request 
to the Governor) a Certificate that he is a free Denizen 
of this Place, and liberty to do so. 

XV. If it doe appeare, that there is a publique Engage- 
ment of Debt, by the Town of the Manhattoes, and a way 
agreed on for the satisfying of that Engagement, it is 
agreed, that the same way proposed shall go on, and that 
the Engagement shall be satisfied. 

XVI. All inferior Civil Officers and Magistrates, shall 
continue as now they are, (if they please) till the custom- 
ary Time of new Elections, and then new ones to be 
chosen by themselves, provided that such new chosen 
Magistrates shall take the Oath of Allegiance to his Ma- 

esty of England, before they enter upon their Office. 

XVII. All Differences of Contracts and Bargains made 



80 Capitulation of New Netherland. 

before this day, by any in this Country, shall be deter- 
mined, according to the Manner of the Dutch. 

XVIII. If it doe appeare, that the West-India Company 
of. Amsterdam, do really owe any Sums of Money to any 
Person here, it is agreed that Recognition, and other Du- 
ties payable by Ships going for the Netherlands, be con- 
tinned for 6 Months longer. 

XIX. The Officers, Military, and Soldiers, shall march 
out with their Arms, Drums beating, and Colours flying, 
with lighted Matches ; and if any of them will plant, they 
shall have fifty Acres of Land set out for them ; if any of 
them will serve as Servants, they shall continue with all 
Safety, and become free Denizens afterwards. 

XX. If at any Time hereafter, the King of Great-Brit- 
ain, and the States of the Netherland, do agree that this 
Place and Country be re-delivered into the Hands of the 
said States, whensoever his Majestic will send his Com- 
mands to re-deliver it, it shall immediately be done. 

XXI. That the Town of Manhattans shall choose Depu- 
tyes, and those Deputyes shall have free Voyces in all 
publique Affairs, as much as any other Deputyes. 

XXII. Those who have any Property in any Houses in 
the Fort of Aurania, shall (if they please) slight the For- 
tifications there, and then enjoy all their Houses, as all 
People do where there is no Fort. 

XXIII. If there be any Soldiers that will go into Hol- 
land, and if the Company of West-India in Amsterdam, or 
any private Persons here will transport them into Holland, 
then they shall have a safe Passport from Colonel Richard 
Nicholls, Deputy-Governor under his Royall Highness, 
and the other Commissioners, to defend the Ships that 
shall transport such Soldiers, and all the Goods in them, 
from any Surprizal or Acts of Hostility, to be done by any 
of his Majestie's. Ships or Subjects. That the Copies of 
the King's Grant to his Royal Highness, and the Copy of 
his Royal Highness's Commission to Colonel Richard 
Nicholls, testified by two Commissioners more, and Mr. 
Winthrop, to be true Copies, shall be delivered to the 
honourable Mr. Stvyvesant, the present Governor, on 
Munday next, by Eight of the Clock in the Morning, at 



Capitulation of New Netherland. 31 

the Old Miln, and these Articles consented to, and signed 
by Colonel Richard Nicholls, Deputy- Governor to his 
Royal Highness, and that within two Hours after the Fort 
and Town called New- Amsterdam, upon the Isle of Man- 
haloes, shall be delivered into the Hands of the said Colo- 
nel Richard Nicholls, by the Service of such as shall be 
by him thereunto deputed, by his Hand and Seal. 
JOHN DE DECKER, ROBERT CABR, 

NICH. VERLEET, GEO. CARTERET, 

SAM. MEGAPOLENSIS, JOHN WINTHROP, 

CORNELIUS STEENWICK, SAM. WILLYS, 

OLOFFE STEVENS VAN KORTLANT, THOMAS CLARKE, 
JAMES COSSEAU, JOHN PINCHON. 

I do consent to these Articles, 

RICHARD NICOLLS. 



( 32) 



CHARTER 

OF 



GRANTED BT 

fflS ROYAL HIGHNESS TO THE INHABITANTS OF NEW-YORK AND 
ITS DEPENDENCIES. 



Passed, Oct. 30, 16:3. 

For the better establishing the Government of this pro- 
vince of New- York, and thatt Justice and Right may bee 
equally done to all persons within the same : Bee it enacted 
by the Govern'r, Councell, and Representatives now in 
gen 'all assembly, mett and assembled, and by the authority 
of the same, 

Thatt the Supreme legislative Authority under his Ma- 
jesty and Royall Highnesse James, Duke of Albany, &c., 
Lord proprietor of the said province, shall forever bee 
and reside in a Governour, councell and the people, mett 
in Gene'all Assembly. 

That the Exercise of the Chiefe magistracy and admin- 
istration of the government over the said Province shall 
be in the said Govern'r; assisted by Councell, with whose 
advice and consent, or with at least four of them, hee is 
to rule and govern the same according to the laws thereof. 

Thatt in case the Governour shall dy or bee absent out 
of the province, and thatt there bee no person within the 
said province, commissionated by his Royall Highnesse 
his heyres or sucessors, to bee Governour or Commander 
in Chief there, thatt then the Councell for the time being, 
or so many of them as are in the said province, do take 
upon them the Administracon of the government, and the 
Execucon of the laws thereof, and powers and authoritys 
belonging to the Governour and councell. The first in 
. nominacon, in which councell is to preside untill the said 
Governour shall returne and arrive in the said province 



Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 33 

againe, or the pleasure of his Royall Highnesse, his heyres 
or successors, bee further known 

Thatt, according to the usage, custome, and practice of 
the Realm of England, a sessions of a generall assembly 
bee held in this province once in three yeares at least. 

That every ffreeholder within this province, and ffree- 
man in any corporacon, shall have his free choice and 
vote in the Electing of the representatives, without any 
manner of constraint or imposition, and that in all Elec- 
tions the Majority of Voices shall carry itt, and by {free- 
holders is understood every one who is so understood 
according to the laws of England. 

That the persons to bee elected to sitt as representatives 
in the Generall assembly from time to time for the several 
Cittys, Towns, Countyes, Shires, or divisions of this pro- 
vince, and all places within the same shall bee according 
to the proporcon and number hereafter expressed That 
is to say For the city and county of New York four 
For the county of Suffolk two For Queen's county two 
For King's county two For the county of Richmond 
one For the county of Westchester For the 

county of Ulster two For the county of Albany two 
And for Schanectade, within the said county, one *For 
Duke's county one For the county of Cornwall one.* 

And as many more as his Royall Highness shall think 
fit to establish. 

Thatt all persons chosen and assembled in manner 
aforesaid, or the major part of them, shall be deemed and 
accounted the representatives of this province, which said 
representatives, together with the Governor and his coun- 
cell, shall forever be the supream and only legislative 
power under his Roy '11 Highnesse, of the said province 

Thatt the said representatives may appoint their own 
times of meeting during their sessions, and may adjourn 
their house, from time to time, to such time as to them 
shall seem meet and convenient. 

That the said representatives are the sole Judges of the 
Quallificacons of their own members, and likewise of all 

* Dukes and Cornwall counties do not appear ever to have sent 
members to General assembly. 



34 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

undue elections, and may, from time to time, purge their 
house as they shall see occasion dureing the said sessions. 

Thatt no Member of the Generall Assembly, or their 
servants, during the time of their sessions, whilest they 
shall be going to or returning from the said assembly, 
shall be arrested, sued, imprisoned, or any wayes molested 
or troubled, nor bee compelled to make answer to any 
suite, bill, plaint, declaracon or otherwise, cases of high 
treason or felony only excepted provided the number of 
the said servants shall not exceed three. 

That all bills agreed upon by the said Representatives,, 
or the major part of them, shall be presented unto the 
Governour and his councell for their approbacon and con- 
sent, all and every which said bills so approved of and 
consented to by the Governor and his Councell, shall bee 
esteemed the Lawes of the province ; which said lawes 
shall continue and remaine in force untill they shall bee 
repeeled by the Authority aforesaid : That is to say, The 
Governour, Councell, and Representatives in Generall 
Assembly, by and with the approbation of his Royal High- 
nesse, or expire by their own limitations. 

Thatt in all cases of death or removeall of any of the 
said Representatives, the Governour shall issue out sum- 
mons by Writt to the respective Townes, Cittyes, Shires, 
Countyes or Divisions for which hee or they so removed 
or deceased, were chosen, willing and requiring the {free- 
holders of the same to elect others in their place and 
stead. . > 

Thatt no ffreeman shall be taken and imprisoned, or bee 
disseized of his ffreehold or liberty, or free customes, or 
bee outlawed or exiled, or any other wayes destroyed, nor 
shall be passed upon, adjudged or condemned, butt by the 
lawfull judgment of his peers, and by the law of this pro- 
vince, justice nor right shall bee neither sold, denyed, or 
deferred to any man within this province. 

That no aid, tax, tallage, assessment, custom, loane, 
benevolence, or imposition whattsoever, shall bee layed, 
assessed, imposed, or levyed on any of his Majesties sub- 
jects within this province, or their Estates uppon any 
Manner of colour or pretence, butt by the act or consent of 



Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 35- 

the Governor, counsell and representatives of the people 
in generall assembly mett and assembled. 

Thatt no Man. of whatt Estate or Condicon soever, 
shall be putt out of his lands or tenements, nor taken nor 
imprisoned nor disinherretted, nor banished, nor any 
wayes destroyed, without being brought to answer by due 
course of law. 

Thatt a ffreeman shall not bee amerced for a small 
fault, butt after the manner of his fault, and for a great 
fault after the greatnesse thereof, saving to him his ffree- 
hold, and a husbandman saving to him his wainage, and 
a merchant likewise saving to him his Merchandize, and 
none of the said amerciaments shall bee assessed butt by 
the oath of twelve honest and lawful men of the vicin- 
age provided the faults and misdemeanours be not in 
contempt of courts of Judicature. 

All tryalls shall bee by the Verdict of twelve men, and 
as near as may bee, Peers or Equalls of the Neighbour- 
hood, and in the County, Shire, or Division where the fact 
shall arise or grow, whether the same bee by Indictment, 
Informacon, Declaracon, or otherwise, against the person, 
offender, or defendant. 

That in all cases capitall or criminall, there shall be a 
grand Inquest, who shall first present the Offence, and 
then twelve Men of the Neighbourhood to try the Offender, 
who after his plea to the Indictment, shall be allowed his 
reasonable challenges. 

Thatt in all cases whatsoever Bayle, by sufficient suretys, 
shall be allowed and taken, unlesse for Treason or ffelony, 
plainly and specially expressed and menconed in the War- 
rant of Commitment ; provided alwayes, that nothing herein 
conteyned shall extend to discharge out of prison, uppon 
Baile, any person taken in execucon for debts, or other- 
wise legally sentenced by the judgment of any of the 
Courts of Record within this province. 

Thatt no ffreeman shall be compelled to receive any 
marriners or souldiers into his house, and there suffer 
them to sojourne against their wills; Provided alwaye, it 
be not in time of actuall war within this province. 

Thatt no commissions for proceeding by martial law 



36 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

ag'st any of his Ma'ties subjects, within this province, 
shall issue forth to any person or persons whatsoever, 
least by colour of them any of his Ma'ties subjects bee 
destroyed or putt to death, except all such officers, per- 
sons and souldiers in pay throughout the Government. 

That from henceforward no lands within this province 
shall be esteemed or accounted a chattle or personall 
Estate, but an Estate of Inheritance according to the 
customes and practice of his Majestye's realme of Eng- 
land. 

Thatt no Court or Courts within this province have, 
or att any time hereafter shall have any Jurisdiccon, 
power or authority, to grant out any execucon or other 
writt, whereby any man's land may bee sold, or any other 
way disposed of, without the owner's consent ; Provided 
alwayes, that the issues or meane profitts of any man's 
land shall or may bee extended by execucon or otherwise, 
to sattisfy just debts, any thing to the contrary hereof in 
any wise notwithstanding. 

That no Estate of a ffeme covert shall be sold or con- 
veyed butt by deed acknowledged by her in some Court 
of Record, the woman being secretly examined, if shee 
doth it freely without threats or compulsion of her hus- 
band. 

Thatt all wills in writing attested by two credible Wit- 
nesses, shall be of the same force to convey lands as other 
Conveyances being registed in the Secretarye's office 
within fforty days after the testator's death. 

Thatt a Widdow, after the death of her husband, shall 
have her dower, and shall and may tarry in the chiefe 
house of her husband forty days after the death of her 
, husband, within which forty days her dower shall bee as- 
signed her, and for her dower shall be assigned unto her 
the third part of all the lands of her husband during co- 
verture, except shee were endowed with lesse before mar- 
riage. That all lands and heritages within this province 
and dependencyes, shall bee free from all ffines and lycen- 
ces upon alienacons, and from all heriotts, wardships, 
liveries, primier seizins, year, day, and wast, escheats, and 
forfeittures upon the death of parents or ancestors, natu- 



Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 37 

rail, unnaturall, casuall or judicial], and thatt for ever, 
cases of High Treason, only excepted. 

Thatt no person or persons, which proffesse ffaith in 
God by Jesus Christ, shall, at any time, be any wayes 
molested, punished, disquieted, or called in question for any 
difference in opinion or matter of religious concernmejit, 
who do nott actually disturb the civill peace of the pro- 
vince, butt thatt all and every such person or p'sons may, 
from time to time and at all times, freely have and fully 
enjoy his or their judgments or consciences in matters of 
religion throughout the province, they behaving themselves 
peaceably and quietly, and nott using this lyberty to Ly- 
cenciousnesse, nor to the civill injury or outward disturb- 
ance of others: Provided alwayes, Thatt this liberty, or 
any thing conteyned therein to the contrary, shall never 
be construed or improved to make void the settlement 
of any publique minister on Long Island, whether such 
settlement bee by two thirds of the voices in any Towne 
thereon, which shall alwayes include the minor part ; or 
by the subscriptions of particular inhabitants in said 
townes ; Provided, they are the two thirds thereof: Butt 
that all in such agreements, covenants and subscriptions 
thatt are there all ready made and had, or thatt hereafter 
shall bee in this manner consented to, agreed and sub- 
scribed, shall at all time and times hereafter, bee firm and 
stable; and in confirmation hereof, it is enacted by the 
Governour, Councell and Representatives, That all such 
summs of money so agreed on, consented to, or subscribed, 
as aforesaid, for maintenance of such publique ministers, 
by the two thirds of any towne on Long Island, shall 
alwayes include the minor part, who shall bee regulated 
thereby: and also such subscriptions and agreements as 
are beforemenconed, are and shall bee alwayes ratifyd, 
performed and payd, and if any towne on said Island, in 
their publique capacity of agreement with any such minis- 
ter or any perticular persons, by their private subscriptions 
as aforesaid, shall make default, deny or withdraw from 
such payments so covenanted to, agreed upon, and sub- 
scribed, thatt in such case, upon complaint of any Collector 
appointed and chosen by two thirds of such towne upon 
Long Island, unto any Justice of that County, upon his 



38 Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 

hearing the same, he is hereby authorized, impowered, 
and required to issue out his warrant unto the constable 
or his deputy, or any other person appointed for the col- 
lection of said rates or agreement, to levy upon the goods 
and chattells of said delinquent or defaulter, all such 
summes of money so covenanted and agreed to be paid, 
by distresse, with costs and charges, without any further 
suit in law, any law, custome or usage to the contrary in 
any wise, notwithstanding; Provided alwayes, the said 
summe or summes bee under fforty shillings, otherwise to 
be recovered as the law directs. 

And whereas, all the respective Christian Churches now 
in practice within the Citty of New-Yorke, and the other 
places of this' province, do appear to bee priviledged 
Churches, and have been so established and confirmed by 
the former authority of this Government; Bee it hereby 
enacted by this present Generall Assembly, and by the Au- 
thority thereof, That all the said respective Christian 
Churches be hereby confirmed therein, and thatt they and 
every of them shall from henceforth, forever, be held and 
reputed as priviledged churches, and enjoy all their former 
freedomes of their religion in divine worship and church 
discipline : and thatt all former contracts made and agreed 
on for the maintenance of the several ministers of the said 
Churches, shall stand and continue in full force and ver- 
tue, and thatt all contracts for the future to bee made, 
shall be of the same power; and all p'sons that are un- 
willing to performe their part of the said contract, shall 
bee constrained thereunto by a warrant from any Justice 
of the Peace: Provided itt bee under forty shillings, or 
otherwise, as the law directs: Provided allso, That all 
other Christian Churches that shall hereafter come and 
settle within this province shall have the same priviledges. 

A continued bill for defraying the requisite charges of 
the government. 

[This continued bill grants certain duties on liquors, 
merchandizes, &c. to the Governor, for the support of 
government, and is on the same engrossed bill with the 
foregoing "charter of libertys," &c, and passed with it.] 

New Yorke, Oct. 26, 1683. 

The Representatives have assented to this bill, and 



Charter of Liberties and Privileges. 39 

order it to bee sent up to the Governo'r and Councell for 
their assent. M. NICOLLS, Speaker. 

After three times reading, it is assented to by the Go- 
vernour and Councell this thirtieth of October, 1683. 

THO. DONGAN. 
John Spragge, Clerk of the Assembly. 

N. B. It is worthy of remark, that the Crown, in 1697, 
repealed a law very similar in its provisions to the pre- 
ceding charter, &o entitled " An act declaring what are 
the rights and priviledges of their Majestyes subjects in- 
habiting within the province of New-Ybrke." This act 
may be seen at large in Br. ed. pages 1, 2, 3, 4, &c. and 
was passed in 1691. Vide also Smith's History of New 
York, 76, in notes. It is presumed that the foregoing 
Charter of Lybertys, &c. shared the same fate, though 
no record has yet been met with, to ascertain the fact. 

By "an act to divide the province and dependencies 
into shires and counties, passed Nov. 1, 1683, the county 
of Albany to conteyne the towne of Albany, the colony of 
Renslaerswyck, Schonecteda, and all the villages, neigh- 
bourhoods, and Christian plantacons on the east side of 
Hudson's River, from Roelof Jansen's Creeke, and on the 
west side from Sawyers Creeke to the Saraghtoga." 

In April, 1691, [Vide Bradford's edition of 1710] an 
act was passed entitled, "An act to divide this province 
and dependencies into shires," similar to the preceding, 
except in the following: The county of Albany "the 
towne of Albany," omitted to be named " Colony of 
Renslaerswyck," called " The Mannor of Ranslaerswyck ;" 
and instead of "to the Saraghtoga," is substituted "to 
the uttermost end of Sarraghtoga." 



( 40 ) 

THE ALBANY RECORDS. 

These records, which are so denominated by common 
consent, although they were kept in New York by the 
secretary of the Dutch West India Company, embracing 
a period of about forty years from 1638, were translated 
by order of the legislature. FRANCIS ADRIAN VANDER- 
KEMP having been employed for that purpose, deposited 
24 volumes in the office of the secretary of state in 1819. 
We have gleaned from them the following items relating 
to Albany and its citizens : 

Copy of an account from Cornells Melyn Merchant, in 
the vessel named the Arms of Norway. 

The account made up on the 4 Aug. with Michiel 
Jansen for fare, for himself his wife and two children, 
amounting to the sum of one hundred and forty gl. six- 
teen st.,/ 140: 16:* 

Mr. Van Rensselaer shall please to pay to Cornelis 
Melyn or order, the said sum of / 140: 16. was signed 
Michiel Jansen. 

The account made up of Tonis Dirksen his wife and 
child on the 4th Aug. besides his two servants, for all 
whom the fare amounts to hundred forty one gl. and 
fourteen st. / 14 1:14. f 

Mr. Van Rensselaer shall please to pay to Cornelis 
Melyn, or order, the sum of one hundred forty one gl. 
fourteen st. x mark of Tonis Dirksen. 

Sir Kilian Van Rensselaer shall please to pay for sun- 
dries which we wanted, the sum of /23:12 J for 

MICHIEL JANSEN. 

On the 4th of Aug. the account was made up with Jan. 
Michiels for fare for him and his little boy, amounting to 
fifty gl. 

Mr. Van Renselaer pays fifty gl. to Cornelis Melyn or 
order was signed by Jan Michielsen, Taylor. 

Mr. Van Renselaer shall please to pay to Cornelis 
Melyn or order /27 in behalf of Adriaen Cornelissen, of 

* 23 9s 4d. t 23 12s. 4d. J 3 19s. 4d. 



The Albany Records. 41 

Barsingerhoon, and will be pleased to pay farther /2:10, 
which were received in Texel. 

To wages for Michiel in conducting horses, /8. 
Three tons of beans for the horses, the ton aj7 is /21. 
For the freight of horses, as by invoice, / 1000. 

Michiel Jansen owes, / 140: 16 

Tonis Dirksen, 14 1 :14 

said Michiel Jansen, yet, 23:12 

Adriaen Cornelissen, 29:10 

For horses /8, beans /21, 29:00 

Jan Michielsen 50:00 

For freight and sundries. 1000:00 



/1413-.12 

From this sum must be deducted wh#t the 
director, Kieft, paid to Melyn, and with 
which could not be dispensed, /1 1 1:03 



So that a clear balance remains due to him of / 1 302:9* 

Vol. i, p. 36-7. 

This day the 22 March, xvi xxxix, appeared before me, 
Cornelis Van Tienhoven, secretary of the general pri- 
vileged West Indian Company in New-Netherland, in 
presence of the undersigned witnesses, Gillis Pieterson. 
Van der Gouw, old about 27 years, actually a house car- 
penter in the island Manhattans, well known to me, 
secretary; who solemnly declared r.t the request of the 
honorable William Kieft, director general in New- 
Netherland, that it is true that he during the direction of 
Wouter Van Twiller has assisted in nearly all the build- 
ings which have been constructed during that period, 
and that he knows what buildings have been made during 
the administration of said Van Twiller for the service of 
the company. On Fort Orange, &c. 

"In said Fort, an elegant large house, with a balus- 
trade, &c., by Dirk Cornelissen of Wesel. 

In the same Fort 8 small dwellings for the people. 

Vol. i, p. 85. 
* 1217 Is. 6d. 



42 The Albany Records. 

When and to whom (or what price) the stock on the 
six farms on the island of Manhattans have been dis- 
posed. 



1 mare of the farm N. 4, sold to John Evertsen, 



1 of 

2 of 
1 of 

1 stallion of 
1 mare of 



to Cornelis VanVorst. 

to Jacob Van Corlear. 

to Anthony Jansen 

Van Salee. 



N. 1, the farm of Wouter Van 




Twiller. 
and by him sold to John Evertsen. 

The 2 mares which said Van Twiller ought to have 
provided, is uncertain, if he did so or not. 

4 mares of N. 2 & 3 have been sent to Fort Orange in 
the colonie to Mr. Van Renselaer, and remain yet the 
property of the companies, as appears from the memoir 
of late director Van Twiller. 

2 milch cows from N. 4 to Cornelis Van Voorst. 

2 " " " N. 6, which were sent to the colonie 
of Mr. Van Renselaer. 

4 in said colonie from N. 2 & N. 3. 

2 from N. 5 have been killed in the time of Minuit. 

2 cows from N. 6, being Van Twiller's farm, it is un- 
certain if these were transferred to the company. All 
the remaining stock from N. 2 & 3 has been driven off to 
the colonie of Renselaerwyck. 

Of the sheep N. 5, on said director Van Twiller sold the 
half to Ba. Dirksen, and the other half made to answer 
a debt of said Barend to the company, as he said, and 
were sent to the colonij of Mr. Van Renselaer. 

The above is all that is known of said stock. Vol. i, p. 90. 

By Bastiaen Jansen Crol was at Fort Orange arrested 
16 beavers, of which the proprietor could not be dis- 
covered to whom is allowed by order of the Hon. 
Director 15 st. for each beaver to be placed to his ac- 
count. Vol. ii, p. 126. 20 June, 1641. 

8 Octr. 1644. Symon Pos, plaintiff, contra Adriaen Van 
der Donck, defendant, in a case of appeal from an inter- 



The Albany Records. 43 

locutory judgment pronounced by the court in Rense- 
laerwyck. 

The Hon. Directors General and Council in New Nether- 
land, having examined a lawsuit in a case of slander, with 
the judgment of said court between parties; having heard 
both sides and considered maturely every point, so is it, 
that the Director and Council are of opinion that the 
judgment is correct and the appeal to this court un- 
seasoned, wherefore they decree that said judgment shall 
be executed in every part, and condemn the aforesaid 
Symon Pos, in the costs of the suit, besides a fine of /10 
for the building of the church. 

The Attorney General, plaintiff, contra Jan Symensen, 
skipper in Renselaerwyck, defendant: 

Decreed that the Attorney General shall deliver a copy 
of the indictment to the defendant, that he may answer 
it in former. 

Willem de Pey, attorney of Govert Loockmans, plaint- 
iff, contra Nicolas Coorn, Sheriff in Renselaerwyck, 
defendant ; because the defendant hath damaged the ves- 
sel of Loockmans, by firing at it when the Attorney 
General stept forward to prosecute the defendant, in be- 
half of the government in New Netherland. 

Having seen and examined the affidavits obtained and 
confirmed with oath at the requisition of the Attorney 
General, and considering the protest and warning made 
by the same Attorney General to the defendant to pay 
the damages, which he occasioned by firing on the plaint- 
iff's yacht, to be valued by two impartial men as arbitra- 
tors, and to forbid him seriously never to do so again, 
under the penalty of corporal punishment, that he further 
must obtain from the Patroon his approbation of said 
judgment, confirmed by authority. If he fails in this 
respect, then conclusion of the Attorney General against 
him shall be put in execution, while the defendant must 
in the mean while remain within the limits of New 
Netherland. Vol. ii, p. 274-5. 

Symon Dircksen Pos, plaintiff, contra Adriaen Van 
der Donck, uefendant. in a case of arrest. Decreed that 
5 



44 The Albany Records. 

Van der Donck has no longer any further claim on the 
beavers, except as his interest arising from the last judg- 
ment has a bearing. 

The Attorney General is commanded to inquire what 
the schedule contained, which Symon Pos hath affixed in 
Fort Orange. Vol. ii, p. 275. 

Whereas the Director and Council have decreed to 
receive the duty (recognition) on beavers, because the 
distressing situation and the welfare of the country 
require it, so is it, that the same recognition must be 
paid from the wares and merchandises, laden in the ship 
Renselaerwyck, wherefore, they command, that it must 
not sail without having paid it, under the penalty of con- 
fiscation. 

Done in Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland, the 22d 
Oct, 1644. Vol. ii, p. 276. 

On the 3 November 1644. The Attorney General, 
plaintiff, contra Symon Volckertsen from de Streeck, 
prisoner on theft. 

Aforesaid Symon Volckertsen, old 20 years declares 
and confesses voluntarily that Anthony Peters some time 
past assisted him in stealing four beavers from the shallop 
of Egbert Van Borssum, which he enveloped in a blanket, 
carried on shore and offered for sale to Martin Crieger, 
when he could not sell the beavers there, then Anthony 
his Accomplice took these and carried the beavers to 
Schepmoes, to whom he sold them at /2:10 the piece, 
he said, he sold two at /7, and one at /2:10. He knows 
not what Anthony obtained for the fourth ; he took in 
payment brandy which they sipped out together. 

Vol. ii, p. 278. 

The Directors and Council in New Netherland having 
seen the conclusion of Cornelis Van Stogpens, Attorney 
General, against Symon Volckertsen, born in de Streeck. 
(Hicht Van Sctrecht) on theft committed by him in the 
yacht Prince William to which he belongeth which 
delinquent voluntarily confessed, that he stole four 
beavers belonging to the skipper being before as sus- 
pected of theft set on shore from the yacht, Eindragt, 

*j13s. 4.1. **.,, 



The Albany Records. 45 

all which is tending to give a bad example, and spoil a 
whole commonwealth, and can not be tolerated in a land 
of justice, so is it, that we doing justice condemn said 
delinquent to be brought to the place where justice is 
executed to be there flogged with rods to an example and 
terrour of" evil doers and farther to be banished out of 
the limits of New Netherland. 3 November 1644 to 
November. 

Jau Schepmoes sayd, that Anthony Peters and Symou 
Wouters, sold him two beavers: Anthony said, these are 
not mine beavers they belong to Symon. Next day they 
brought one beaver more and sold this too : 

Schepmoes declares, that he knew not that the beavers 
were stolen neither suspected it - as this ware is a cur- 
renty in this country. 

Anthony Pieterson appearing in court declared at the 
requisition of the Attorney General that Symon Vol- 
kertsen accosted him on shore, and desired to be con- 
ducted on board which the deponent effected, when they 
arrived there said Symon took two beavers from his 
hang-mat and returned with these on shore. Then Symon 
went to Marten Crigier and offered to sell him these 
beavers who declined it. From here they went together 
to Schepmoes, and sold to him two beavers at /7:10. The 
next day they returned on board : Symon said he would 
fetch some peas when they were arrived in the yacht 
Symon called Anthony to hold up the bag, and then he 
saw that Symon pulled one beaver from under his pillow, 
the skipper said, take care, that you do not take more 
peas than you have a right to. So they returned to shore, 
and sold this beaver too to Schepmoes Symon told 
Anthony he earned two beavers in Fort Orange by watch- 
ing, the other he purchased. 15th Novr. 1644. 

Vol. ii, p. 279. 

ADRIAEN VAN DOXCK, plaintiff; contra JAXNETJE TEU- 
xis, defendant.' 

The plaintiff said that the defendant made a contract 
with the Hon. de Heer Van Rensselaer, and requests that 
the defendant may fullfil it, whereas it is the wish of the 



46 The Albany Records. 

Patroon that his settlers should proceed in a decent man- 
ner to his colony. 

Parties are referred to the spring, as the defendant has 
married and is highly pregnant provided she gives bail 
that the contract shall be fullfilled and the money reim- 
bursed. Vol. ii, p. 191. 

On the petition of Jacob Plank, Sheriff, (officer) in the 
colony of (Heer) the Hon. Van Rensselaer, named Rens- 
selaerwyck, with regard to the sending of a few horses 
to aforesaid colony and whereas many heads of cattle 
have before been removed from the Manhattans, and no 
beasts are remaining except only on the farm of the late 
Director, TViller, while the other five farms remain des- 
titute of any creature, wherefore these cannot be cultiva- 
ted, so is it, that the Hon. Director and Council rejected 
after mature deliberation Jacob Plank's Petition, granting 
him only to send thither a few goats. Vol. ii, p. 2. 

Whereas the Director General and Council in New 
Netherland experience that many persons, some in the 
Company's service, and other Inhabitants, do not hesi- 
tate to sell the Indians in violation of the commands of 
their High and mighty Lords, the States General, and the 
privileged West Indian Company, guns, powder and balls, 
which has caused already some mishap, and which, if no 
efficacious remedy was to be applied by us, ere long might 
be followed by the most dreadful events, so is it, that 
every inhabitant of New Netherland, of what state, con- 
dition or dignity he may be, is expressly forbidden to sell 
to any Indians in this neighborhood any guns, powder or 
ball, on the penalty of suffering death, and whoever can 
bring information against any one who has trespassed 
against this placard shall receive a reward of fifty gl.* 

Vol. ii, p. 46-7. 

Every inhabitant is further warned, that no person 
shall dare to sail with boats or any other vessel to fort 
Orange, or to the South river, or to the fort Hope, except 

*8. 6s. 8d. or 50 gl. 



The Albany Records. 47 

by a permit of the Director General, and in their return 
by a passport of the Commissary, there residing and repre- 
senting the company; and if it is discovered that any 
individual has been in any of these places without such 
a permit, in such a case shall the vessel and cargo be 
confiscated in behalf of the company, besides a fine, 
which is to be determined by the circumstances of the 
case. 

Our dear and faithful commissaries, who are invested 
with our authority in these places are- seriously com- 
manded to affix this placard directly, so that every indi- 
vidual may be informed of his duty and be on his guard. 
Done and published in fort Amsterdam 31 March, 1639. 

Vol. ii, p. 47. 

In the year of our Lord and Saviour one thousand six 
hundred and forty-two, on the 7th of June N. S. appeared 
before me, Cornells Van Tienhoven, secretary in behalf 
of the General West Indian Company in New Netherland, 
Peter Jacobsen from Rensbeeck, with Gysje Petersen his 
lawful wife residing in fort Orange, situated on the North 
River in New Netherland, both being at present enjoying 
bodily health, going and coming in the full possession of 
their senses, memory and mind, as appeared to us, who 
declared that they contemplating the certainty of death, 
and the uncertainty of its time, and wishing to prevent 
this uncertainty by a positive testamentary disposition, 
freely, deliberately, without any indirection, persuasion 
or lure from any person whatever, declared their last will 
in the following terms : 

After repealing and annulling all and every other testa- 
mentary disposition previously made jointly or by either 
of them, they recommend their souls allways, and where- 
ever these shall have left their bodies to God's unfathom- 
able mercy, and their corpses to a Christian burial in the 
hope of a happy resurrection at the last day. 

Both testators institute as their sole heirs, viz: of their 
whole estate, real, personal, present and future, with any 
increase or obtained emoluments and profits without any 
exception, one another reciprocally, so that the survivor 



48 The Albany Records. 

shall possess the remaining estate in full property with- 
out being obliged to deliver any part to the relatives of 
the deceased only with this exception that Peter Ja- 
cobsen shall, if his wife now here present died, first pay 
to Annetje Alberts, her daughter, as her mother's heri- 
tage, twenty car. gl. and no more remaining the remainder 
to the survivor, no older claims being admitted. This 
disposition Pieter Jacobsen and Gysje Petersen declared 
to be her last will, which they hope shall be respected and 
obtain effect even if it was deficient in some legal res- 
pects, or contrary to any particular law or statute which 
might have been disregarded, wherefore they solicited 
that I Cornells Van Tienhoven might examine its con- 
tents, and keep its protocol as the secretary of New 
Netherland preparing one or more copies in debta forma. 
Done by Peter Jacobson and Gysje Petersen aforesaid in 
the presence of Bastian Cros commissary in Fort Orange 
and A. Van Curler as witnesses who signed the protocol 
with me secretary. Done in fort Amsterdam in New 

Netherland. . />. 

This is the Mfymark of 

GYSJE -J PETERSEN. 

BASTIAN KROP. 
Vol. Hi, p. 39. 

William Kieft, director general and council in New 
Netherland, make known to all whom it may concern, 
whereas Willem Cornelis Coster was murdered by the 
savages called Waspinox (living on the North River aboat 
half ways from Fort Orange), which savages robbed said 
Coster from several articles then in his possession, and 
whereas said Coster has yet here and in the colony of 
Rensselaerwyck several pretensions, so is it, that we 
deemed it proper to qualify a competent person to take 
the administration of said Coster's estate upon him 
here in New Netherland, so that his employers and 
his widow may receive the yet remaining property 
wherefore we persuaded of the abilities of his Cosin 
John Laurens and Gerrit Rievers (both men of a good 
character), appointed and qualified them to collect all 



The Albany Records, 49 

the debts and pay those which he owed, and do with 
said estate in every respect as they shall feel themselves 
in duty bound to do, approving we, whatever by John 
Laurens and Gerrit Rieviers shall have been legally tran- 
sacted, with the farther power of assuming to themselves 
or substituting others in their place, provided that said 
constituents remain obliged to render a faithful account 
of their administration to Coster's employers and widow. 
Done in fort Amsterdam, 7 August, 1643, in New Nether- 
land. WILLIAM KIEFT. 

By order of the Hon. Director and council of New 
Netherland. 

CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN. Secretary. 

Vol. Hi, p. 143. 

Appeared before me, Cornells Van Tienhoven, secre- 
tary in New Netherland, Hendrick Petersen from Hasfelt, 
old about 40 years, and Adrien Reyntsen Smit, who jointly 
at the request of Thomas Teunis declare which declara- 
tion they were willing to sanction with a solemn oath 
that it is true that Thomas Teunis said at the house of 
Marten Criger, said to said Criger, at what price will you 
take beavers, who replied at 8* gl. Teunis Thomas said 
not for tenj gl- All which said witnesses declared to be 
true. Done September, 1643, in fort Amsterdam. 

AERNT REYNSEN. 



This is the \/^ mark of 

HENDRICK PETERSEN^ ^* from Hasfelt. 
Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN. 

Vol. Hi, p. 151. 

On the requisition of Cornelis Vander Huysen, attor- 
ney general in New Netherland, declared Cornelis Melyn, 
old 44 years, which declaration he is willing to sanction 
with an oath, if it is required, that it is true, that he pur- 
chased on the 20th June last from Laurens Cornelis, skip- 
per on the vessel, the Maiden of Enckhuysen, a quart 
blubber oil for eight beavers. 

*1 6s. 8d. fl 13s. 4d. 



50 The Albany Records. 

At the same requisition, with the offer of an oath de- 
clared Jannetje Melyns, wife of Cornells Melyn, that she 
purchased from Laurens Cornelisen on the same day a 
parcel lace amounting between eighty* and ninety! gl 
Done 29 July, 1644, in fort Amsterdam in New Nether- 
land. CORNELIS MELYN. 

Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 

Vol. Hi, p. 214. 

[Vol. 3, p. 433.] Philip Gerritsen from Haerlem, 
tavern keeper, laying sick in his bed, but in full posses- 
sion of his speech and memory, declares in the presence 
of the attorney general, Van der Huyhens and Arent 
Reiniersen Smith, at the request of Abraham Planck to 
be the truth, which he was willing to confirm by his oath, 
that he Philip Gerritsen in the year 16 after the Water 
Hound was arrived, assisted Abraham Planck in carrying 
a quantity of beavers, which were due by Abraham 
Planck to Hendrick Roesen for friezes purchased from 
said Roesen and brought these at the house of the secre- 
tary in the fort where Roesen boarded, who received there 
the beavers from Planck. This Gerritsen declared to be 
true and he said so, to pay his homage to the truth, as 
any person is bound to do, when requested the original 
instrument was recorded on the 15th March, 1645, at the 
house of the said Gerritsen in the Manhattans. 

PHILIPPAS GERRITSEN. 

CORNELIS VAN DER HOGHENS, ) mtnesses 

ARENT REINIERSEN, $ n 

Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN. 

[Vol. 3, p. 436.] Copy. I undersigned declare to owe 
on sight of this, forty three and a half beaver. In truth 
whereof I signed this note on the 26th May, 1645. 

LUBBERT GERRITSEN. 

Lower stood, paid on account fifteen beavers. 

Compared with the original it was found correct to 
April, 1645, by CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 

Appeared this day before me Cornelis Van Tienhoven, 
secretary in New Netherland, Hendrick Huygen, commis- 

*L36s. 8d. 



The Albany Records. 51 

sary of the honorable Crown of Sweden, who acknow- 
ledged that he owed on account of said crown of Sweden 
to William Turck merchant on the ship the Black Raven, 
two hundred ten and a half beaver, originating from 
whares and merchandises which Huygen aforesaid de- 
clared that he received to his full contentment before the 
signature of this promissory note, as is evident from the 
account joined ; and which two hundred ten a half beaver 
I Hendrick Huygen promise to pay on warning to William 
Turck, aforesaid or his attorney, submitting therefore his 
person and property, real and personal, present and fu- 
ture to the control of any court of justice. In truth 
whereof, this instrument was signed by him Huygen afore- 
said,- and the secretary, the 7th July, 1643, in fort Amster- 
dam in New Netherland. 

HENDRICK HUYGEN, 

CORNELIS VAN DER HoGHEXs. AWy Gen., 

GVSBERT OPDYCK, 
Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 

Vol. Hi, p. 139. 

Appeared before me, Cornelis Van Ticnhoven, secre- 
tary in New Netherland, Mr. Oloff Stevensen, commissary 
of wares and merchandises, and Roulof Jansen Hoes, re- 
ceiver of the recognitions in behalf of the West Indian 
Company here, who jointly at the request of Claes Jansen 
Calf, declared, which declaration they both were willing 
to confirm with a solemn oath when required, that in our 
presence have been laden two hundred, ninety eight, whole 
and four half beavers, in a box marked N. 13 IB. j- and 
consigned to Steventje Comely, his wife residing at Am- 
sterdam, of which Beavers Claes Calf paid the recogni- 
tions to the receiver of the company, and have been af- 
terwards directly laden in the vessel De Jager, now on its 
voyage, of which is skipper Willem Tomassen, to deliver 
said box with beavers if God gives him a prosperous 
voyage at Amsterdam, to his Claes Calf's wife afoiesaid. 
All which said witnesses declared to be true, and was 
signed this act by Olof Stevensen and Rouloff Jansen, in 
the presence of Adriaen Van Tienhoven and Gysbert 



52 The Albany Records. 

Opdyck, on the 15th September, 1646, in fort New Am- 
sterdam in New Netherland. 

OLOFF STEVENSEN, ] 

ROULOF JANSEN, JR., ( Wt - tnfwf , 

f~% /-\ r rr Zt/tcooca. 

GYSBERT OPDYCK, 
ADRIAEN VAN TIENHOVEN, J 

Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 

Vol. Hi, p. 322. 

I Cornells Huyhens, attorney general in New Nether- 
land to Nicholas Toorn in behalf of Mr. Van Ren- 
selaer in his colony; whereas I arn informed with cer- 
tainty, that it is your intention and that you are qualified 
by your patroon to establish yourself on Bears Island, 
situated three miles below fort Orange with a body of 
men to build there a fort for which you have provided 
guns to defend it. And whereas this is inconsistent with 
the privileges grante.l to patroons and lords of the manors 
while a colony may not be farther extended as four miles 
along the coast, or two miles at both sides of the river as 
is evident from the 5 art. of the grant, and whereas said 
Bears Island is more than two miles from the limits of 
said colony ; besides the old attempt to construct there a 
fort which might command the river and debar Fort 
Orange from the free navigation, all of which would be 
ruinous to the interests of the company, so is it, that I 
solicit to know what authority you have and by whom 
you have invested with it. If you do not directly comply 
with it then I forbid you to construct any building what- 
ever, much less to construct any fortifications out of the 
limits of said colony of Renselaerwyck, and if you, not' 
withstanding this art. daring to proceed, then I protest 
against all damages, which must be the consequences of 
such lawless transactions, which I shall prosecute against 
you or any other persons whom it may concern; 

I Nicolaes Toorn, commander in Renselaer Stein in 
behalf of the honorable Kilian Van Renselaer, under the 
high allegiance of their High Might, the States General of 
the United Netherlands and the privileged West Indian 



The Albany Records. -. 53 

Company, first commander of the Colony on the North 
River in New Netherland, make it known to you, Cornells 
Van Huygens, attorney general of New Netherland as the 
vice commander of the Hon. Van Renselaer, that you 
will not presume to oppose and frustrate my designs on 
the Bears Island, to defraud me in any manner, or to 
cause me any trouble, as it has been the will of their High 
Might, the States General and the privileged West Indian 
Company, to invest my patroon and his heir with the 
right to extend and fortify his Colony and make it pow- 
erful in every respect; wherefore you Cornelis Van Huy- 
hens, attorney general, will take care to avoid any attempt 
on these rights, and if you did so, then I Nicholaes Toorn 
protest on the act of violence and assault committed by 
the Hon. Lords Mayors which I leave them to settle be- 
tween them and my Honorable Patroon, while the under- 
taking has nothing else in view as to prevent, that the 
canker of freemen may not enter in his colony. The at- 
torney general persists in his interdiction, and renews his 
protest. Done in Manhattans, 18 November, 1644 in New 
Netherland. 

CORNELIS VAN DER HCGHENS, Attorney General. 
NICOLAES TOORN, ) 
DAVID PROVOST, > Witnesses. 
STOFFEL STEVENSEN. ) 
Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 

Vol. Hi, p. 187. 

[Vol. 3, p. 219.] At the request of Govert Loocke- 
mans declared the undersigned witnesses, viz: Cors. Pe- 
tersen, old about 33 years, Harmen Arently fromjBremen, 
old about 35 years, Cornelis Mauritsen Bort, old 27 years, 
Willem Petersen, old 20 years, Joannes Verbrugge, old 
about 20 years, Carman Douwes, old about 26 years, 
Harman Bastiaensen, old 25 years, Jacob Jansen, old 
three and twenty years, and Elbert Elbertsen. old 24 
years, who jointly and separately declared, which decla- 

NOTE It seerrs Renselaerstein must have been in some manner 
fortified and defended by a small garrison of which Toorn or Coorn 
was the commander, called Wachtmeester. Stein in Netherland and 
Germany is used for Castle, Lowe Stein, Ehrenbreit Stein, Wall Stiin. 



54 The Albany Records. 

ration they were willing to confirm by an oath, whenever 
it is required, that it is true, that Govert Loockemans with 
the witnesses sailed from Fort Orange in the yacht the 
Good Hope and when they arrived near the Bears Island 
on which Nicolas Koren resides in the name of the Pa- 
troon Van Renselaer, then said Nicolas Koren cry'd out 
to" Govert Loockemans when we were passing by, lower 
thy colours; for whom should I do so retorted Loocke- 
mans, then Koren replied for the staple right of Rense- 
laerwyck ; then Govert Loockemans answered I lower not 
the colours for any individual except for the prince of 
Orange, and the lords my masters, when directly Nicolas 
Koren fired a gun, the first shot went through the sail, 
broke the ropes and the ladder, a second discharge passed 
over us, and the third done by a savage perforated our 
princely colors, about a foot above the head of Loocke- 
mans, who kept constantly the colors in his hand, but we 
continued our course notwithstanding this insulting as- 
sault without returning the fire, or making any other re- 
prisals whatever, and descended gently the river. All 
which we declared, to pay our homage to the truth with- 
out any malice, or lurking wish to court the favor of any 
individual. Done before Fort Amsterdam. in New Nether- 
lands, 5 July, 1644. 

This is the ./ mark of 
CORS /* PETERSEN. 



This is the /V mark of 

/y\ 

HARMAN /\ ARENTSEN. 

This is the (\) mark of 
CORNEL is-^^ MAURITSEN. 
HARMAN DOUWES, 
HARMAN BASTIAENSKN, 
JAN VER BRUGGE, 
ELBERT ELBERTSEN, 
WILLEM PETERSEN DE GROOT. 

Present CORNELIS VAN TIENHOVEN, Secretary. 



The AlbanyRecords. 55 

[Vol. 3, p. 203.] In the year of our Lord, 1644. 

I undersigned dismiss freely from the service of the 
Hon. Patroon Kiliaen Van Renselaer, Nicolas Toorn (or 
Koren) with his troop Isbrand Claessen and Harmen 
Arentsen from Breemen, who contracted with said Pa- 
troon to prosecute their own affairs out of the limits % of 
said Colony, on the place towards which was their desti- 
nation, because they dislike to continue in said service, 
and I have no wish to keep any one against his inclina- 
tion. 

Done in the "Manhattans, in the year above mentioned 
on the sixth of March new style, and was signed N. Koren. 

Proved correct after examination, and having compared 
it with the original 6 April, 1644, in Fort Amsterdam, 
New Netherland. OLOFF STEVENSEN. 

Present Cornells Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 390.] Appeared before me Cornelisen Tien- 
hoven, Secretary, in New Netherland, Isbrant Claesen, 
old 44 years, and John Tomasen, old about 40 years, who 
jointly and separately at the request of Nicolas Coorn, 
sheriff of Renselaerwyck, declare which declaration they 
are willing to confirm with a solemn oath, that it is true, 
that Govert Lookemans when sailing down the river some 
time ago, came about Bears Island, when Nicolas Coorn 
fired a gun without a ball as a warning. When Govert 
continued his course Nicolas Coorn said Stryke! when 
Govert Loockemans answered : For whom should I strike ? 
Nicolas Coorn answered, to pay homage to Renselaer- 
stein. Govert answered, I stryke for nobody as for the 
Prince, or them by whom I am employed. Then Nicolas 
ordered to fire behind the bark when Govert Loockemans 
vociferated : fire ye dogs and the devil take you. Then 
the sheriff offered to fire once more, which struck and 
perforated the sail. Done in Fort Amsterdam in New 
Netherland, 7th Oct., 1644. 

ISBRAND CLAESEN, 
LUBBERT JANSEX. 

[Vol. 3, p. 240.] Whereas Joan La Battie, the Car- 
[Annals iv.] 6 



t>6 The Albany Records. 

penter solicited that he might be permitted to build a 
house at Fort Orange, and use it as a brewery without 
injury to the Interests of the Company, promising that he 
shall pay annually for this favor six merchantable Beavers 
to the company, so is it, that this boon has been granted 
to him, viz : that he may make use of the house which he 
builds in the fort as a brewery, and remain in possession 
of said soil, as long as the company shall retain the pro- 
perty possession of Fort Orange and the Company's 
affairs and interests are not neglected by La Battie, and 
provided he annually pays six merchantable Beavers. 

Done 15 June, 1647, in Fort Amsterdam in New Neth- 
erlands. 

[Vol. 3, p. 192.] I Peter Wynkoop, supercargo on the 
vessel The Arms of Renselaerwyck, Commissary Super- 
intendent of Wares and Merchandises, in behalf of the 
Hon. Kiliaen Van Renselaer, protest against the Hon. 
Van der Hoghens on the insult and violence used against 
me by unloading said vessel, as if the Patroon aforesaid 
was personally insulted. While such a conduct can not 
be construed as to vilify and injure said Patroon who is 
the oldest Patriot in this country I say that it is inde- 
corous to unload such a vessel, and consign the goods to 
other hands and arrive here uncommissioned and dispose 
of our goods to which shall not be submitted, and 
whereas this is vilifying New Netherland and its officers, 
although they cannot vilify our Patroon, who made such 
great sacrifices for his colony and New Netherland. So 
I, Peter Wynkoop, renew once more my protest against 
the Attorney General Van der Hoghens, and solicit the 
Director and Council in New Netherland to repair this 
our injury and losses which we suffered by the taking of 
the ship, the "Arms of Renselaerwyck." Done at Man- 
hattans, 18 March, 1644. 

The Attorney General answers that he followed orders 
and his instructions, and that he used no force. 
PIETER WYNKOOP, 

CORNELIS VAN DER HuYHENs, At. Gen. 
Willem De Key. ) 
Isbrand Clasen, [ 

Present Cornells Fan Tienhoven, Secretary 



The Albany Records. 57 

[Vol. 3, p. 193.] The Attorney General gives a more 
explicit answer to the insolent Protest of Peter Wyn- 
coop that no injury has been done ; that no violence 
has been used, neither that any insult was intended to the 
Hon. Van JRenselaer but well that the most unreasona- 
ble transactions has taken place which could have been 
imagined, viz : that you declined fifty pair of shoes, to 
be paid at your own price in silver, beavers or seawa.it 
which was more than once solicited by our director an i 
counsel while the welfare of this country depended upon 
it, as it is a fact that with a few pairs of shoes so many 
soldiers have been mustered as were sufficient to kill five 
hundred of our enemies. But you even declined to meet 
us and converse on the subject when we sent you a mes- 
senger, and used such harsh language as your Hon. 
Patroon would not stoop to use. But Sir ! we afterwards 
discovered the reasons why you were so unmanageable, 
and these were : that you prefer to retail these goods to 
our poor settlers at an exorbitant usury, which you would 
not have dared to ask from the Directors and council, 
and which we dare say is against the will of your Patroon ; 
but further, I was informed that there were in said vessel 
many contrabande articles, so was it my duty, would I 
not disobey the orders of the Hon. Directors, -with those 
of the Director and Council in New Netherland to arrest 
and examine the lading of said vessel. This could not be 
done without unloading, and well it was I did so a con- 
siderable quantity of powder, many guns, were discov- 
ered, which were unknown to the Company, neither placed 
on the invoice ; and which no doubt were intended for 
smuggling, as these therefore, beyond a shadow of doubt 
are contraband articles ; as therefore these smuggled arti- 
cles were no doubt intended to be distributed, or rather 
sold to the savages, which is forbidden on the penalty of 
the gallows ; so is this misconduct of such direful conse- 
quences as I have demonstrated in my prosecution what 
jou say, that I ought to have been equally vigilant with 
regard to other vessels which may have arrived from the 
company, and which I ought to have confiscated. It 
is evident even in this respect I did my duty, but it 



58 The Albany Records. 

was not my fault that the Skipper as a villian violated 
his arrest and sailed away. This I could not prevent 
the lawsuit against him was instituted ship and goods 
condemned, whenever and whereever he can be brought 
to justice. 

Whereas you are continually trading with particular 
merchants, and make use or abuse their colours to cover 
a clandestine trade, which too is forbidden, and by the 
Directors and by your Patroon under a frivolous pretext ; 
to keep your Colony from pollution, to which we should 
be willing to give our assistance, as we have always 
shown how willing we were to assist the Colony of Ren- 
selaerwyck whenever it was placed in our power, so as 
every good subject will attest, and of which last winter 
such luculent proofs have been given when we provided 
one of their vessels with 75 gunpowder, although we 
ourselves were in want of it through the perilous war in 
which we were involved with the savages; so that it is 
far from us as you insolently pretend, that we should 
wish to insult the Patroon Van Renselaer, but to the con- 
trary are willing to assist him in promoting the welfare 
of his colony; and whereas you exert yourselves to frus- 
trate his noble plans by associating yourself with private 
individuals, while our director spontaneously made you 
an offer of one of his yachts without any expenses of the 
Patroon, so it is beyond question that no other free mer- 
chants can be prevented to trade everywhere as they 
please. If your conduct could be justified thus, my 
innocent transaction is freed from blame, and I pointedly 
deny that any damage whatever has been caused by my 
people in examining or unloading said vessel are you of 
a contrary opinion, call me before any court of justice 
whenever you please. I protest against the consequences 
of any troubles or expenses which you may occasion. 
Done the 22d March, 1644, on Manhattans, in fort Am- 
sterdam. 

CORNELIS VAN DER HUYHENS, 

Attorney General. 



The Albany Records. 59 

I Peter Wyncoop shall answer as soon I am returned 
in the Colony of Renselaerwyck. 

GYSBERT OP DYCK, 
DAVID PKOVOOST. 
Present 

Willem De Key, by absence of the Secretary, done as 
above. 

[Vol, 3, p. 196.] I undersigned, Pieter Wyncoop, super- 
cargo of the Ship Renselaerwyck, acknowledge to have 
received from Cornells Van Der Huyhens, Attorney Gen- 
eral in New Netherland eighteen kegs gunpowder, by 
order of the Hon. Director Kieft, and this without any 
prejudice of the Attorney General's claim on said gun- 
powder promising to defend myself against the suit of 
the Attorney General. 

Done 23 March, 1644, in Fort Amsterdam in New 
Netherland. PIETER WYNCOOP. 

E. Boghardus, ) Witnp , seg 
Th. Willett. \ Wltnes es * 
Present 

Cornells Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 

[Vol. 3, p. 210.] This day appeared before me Cornells 
Van Tienhoven, Secretary in New Netherland, Nicolas 
Toorn, residing in the colony of Renselaerwyck, who ac- 
knowledged that he adopted and received from the Hon. 
William Kieft, Director General in New Netherland, a 
young girl belonging to the West Indian Company, Maria, 
daughter of great Peter, a black man, for four succes- 
sive years, during which years said Maria shall serve 
Nicolas Coorn aforesaid, provided he maintains her in vic- 
tuals and clothes. After the expiration of said four years 
Coorn shall return said girl if yet alive to the Director 
General or his successor. In truth whereof this instru- 
ment has been signed by Nicolas Coorn, the 25 May, 
1644, in Fort Amsterdam in New Netherland. 

N. COOBN. 
Present 

Cornells Van Tienhoven, Secretary. 



60 The Albany Records. 

[Vol. 3, p. 198.] Appeared before me Cornells Van 
Tienhoven Secretary of New Netherland, Thomas Badge- 
hott planter on the Island Manhattan, son of John 
Badgehott Nobleman residing during his life in London, 
in Old England, who in the presence of the undersigned 
witnesses acknowledged to have received from John 
Evans, merchant of New Haven in New England, the 
sum of forty sterling, for which forty sterling 
Thomas Badgehott aforesaid promises to pay within ten 
months from this day the sum of fifty five st. to said 
John Evans, his heirs or descendants, or his attorney said 
Thomas Badgehott promises farther if he through the 
recommendation or credentials of said John Evans might 
obtain more money then he is ready to give his notes for 
it and pay for every forty st. which he shall receive, 
Fifty five . st. in return and well that this payment too 
shall be made within ten months, and not directly after 
its reception. It is expressly promised by Thomas 
Badgehott, that if the money, which he already received 
or might hereafter receive from John Evans shall not be 
punctually paid by him on the stated day then said 
Thomas Badgehott submits to a greater security his per- 
son and property, real and personal, present and future, 
and especially a tavern, called the " King's Head " in the 
Bishopsgate Street, which tavern, John Evans aforesaid 
or any one at his order may take possession till the last 
payment shall have been made by Thomas Badgehott or 
his heirs to John Evans submitting himself said Badge- 
hott to the control of any court of Justice. 

Done by Thomas Badgehott as principal, Isaac Albertson 
and Thomas Willet witnesses in Fort Amsterdam, New 
Netherland, 25 1644. 

THOMAS BADGEHOTT. 

Isaac Albertson, ) nr .. 

Thomas Willet, I Witnesses. 

[Vol. 4, p. 9.] One (letter) 6 Sept. 1648 of Charles 
Van Brugge from fort Orange. 

[ p 15.] It has to us the appearance that Brant Van 
Slechtenhoost is a man of a quarrelsome character which 



The Albany Records. 61 

is given him by individuals who lived under his direction 
in the colony, we intend to enter on this subject in con- 
ference with Sir Wouter Van Twiller, so too about his 
private pretensions, when we will send your Hon. our 
final resolutions as soon as it shall be possible. In the 
mean time we cannot but renew once more the recom- 
mendation, that you may continue to live in a good 
understanding and harmony with our neighbors. 

By the account of this transaction we remember, that 
the wife of Abramus Staats, who lived before in Rens- 
selaerwyck, did notify us that she with your consent 
had built a house in Fort Orange, and requests there- 
fore from our college an act of approbation of which we 
do not recollect one single example, but as she farther 
solicits that she in that case may become entitled to all 
the privileges which we might eventually grant to our 
subjects so we can not discern what may be pretended to 
be included within this special petition, neither can give 
upon it any other answer, as this is to be understood of 
all equitable conditions which every good and honest 
burgher of the fort enjoys. It is your opinion that the 
houses are constructed too near the walls by the inhabi- 
tants of Rensselaerwyck, of which you deem pride to be 
the principle, and that the prospect of the Fort ought to 
remain unobstructed, at least so far as a cannon shot, and 
you farther assert that there are remaining convenient 
places along the river to build houses, while from the 
other side it is maintained that they have no other 
remedy to secure themselves against an assault of the 
Indians, therefore we should wish that you would ponder 
these considerations and reflect, thus, as much as you 
ought to be on your guard against encroachments upon 
your jurisdiction, so from the other side the inhabitants 
ought to accommodate when it is in your power. 

We could not but favorably dispose on the petition of 
Rev. Backerus renewed in different letters while it ap- 
peared well founded by the approbation of the classis. 
This would cause us a greater anxiety if we were not 
some what relieved by the hope, that, perhaps by persua- 
sion the Rev. minister of Rensselaerwyck, Megapolensis, 



62 The Albany Records. 

might be induced to remain there a few years longer, to 
which we should incline by the favorable manner in which 
your Hon. has spoken of him. It is true his wife is 
already returned here with the prospect that he soon 
would follow, as it seems that his presence is required 
here for the liquidation of an estate in which he seems to 
be much interested, we have notwithstanding this con- 
versed often with his wife and we believe that she could 
be persuaded to return once more to her husband thither, 
provided, she was assured, that it was not unacceptable to 
him. Trusting on his discretion we are in hope that 
she shall acquiesce in our wish. We shall endeavor to 
agree about his salary in a manner to his satisfaction, 
wherefore, your Hon. will endeavor to obtain directly 
his consent to promote the service of God's church and 
render these our news palatable to his congregation. It 
is otherwise to be apprehended that this church for a long 
while would remain without a minister, and so we em- 
ploy this remedy as the nearest at hand. 

[Vol. 4, p. 23.] The recommendation in behalf of the 
Rev. Megapolensis had been so much attended to by us 
that we have appropriated /600 to his wife, as the salary 
for one half year: What treatment she has met with 
from the heirs of Van Rensselaer for the services which 
he performed in that district you may learn from his 
wife, and to her we shall rather send you than say a 
great deal about it. 

We appointed at your request a school master who 
shall officiate, at the same time, as a comforter of the 
sick. He is considered an honest and pious man and 
shall embark with the first opportunity. 

[Vol. 4, p. 25.] Your apprehensions with regard to the 
Rev. Barkerus have been verified. He has made a com- 
mon cause with the complainants which arrived here from 
your country. These silly persons, at least, the largest 
part, of the petitioners have been imposed upon by a few 
nothing worthy persons viz: Cornelis Melys, Adrian Van 
Der Donck and a few others, who, as it appears will leave 
nothing untried to abjure every kind of subjection to 
government, under pretext that they groaned under a 



The Albany Records. . 63 

galling yoke. In this frantic opinion they are confirmed 
by Wouter Van Twiller, who aims to appoint himself as 
the only commander on the North river and dares to de- 
clare in public that he does not intend to permit any one 
to navigate this river with a commercial view and that 
he will expel with force every -one who in that purpose 
should come there or in Rensselaerwyck, asserting besides 
that Fort Orange was constructed on the soil of Rensse- 
laerwyck, consequently that the company has no right 
whatever to permit particular persons either to build a 
house or exercise any trade ; without considering, that said 
Fort Orange 15 years before any mention of Rensselaer- 
wyck exists has been constructed and usually garrisoned 
by the company that besides a house of commerce has 
been established in the Fort till the year 1644, so that the 
fur trade till our days was exclusively reserved to the 
company and ought to remain on the same footing when- 
ever the company shall be enabled to provide their 
magazines with sufficient store goods. Neither are we 
without hope to discover and employ the means as soon 
as the opportunity is offered to exclude from this com- 
merce these impertinent fellows, using this sovereign right 
with the best title to the confusion of this ungrateful indi- 
vidual who if we may express ourselves in this manner 
had sucked his wealth from the breasts of the company, 
which he now abuses upon which the merchants pretty 
generally transmitted to us inclosed petition requesting 
to be maintained by us in their right to a free trade. 

Apprehending from their warnings that Wouter Van 
Twiller might again become so presumptuous, to obstruct 
once more by force the navigation on the North River, and 
use violent means against the merchants vilifying in this 
manner the right of jurisdiction in the company, in such 
a case, it is our express will that your Hon. shall repell 
him with prudence for your guide, by force of arms, if he 
planted again some guns near the river, as Be did before, 
your Hon. will carry them off and keep them in your 
custody till you have received our further orders. He has 
requested us in behalf of Rensselaerwyck to freight his 
own ship, with 6001b powder and 6001b lead which we 



64 The Albany Records. 

fear he may abuse. It is our intention to provide you too 
with some powder and lead, not with the intention to of- 
fend any one with it but only to maintain the right of the 
company, which in our opinion is in danger, through the 
machinations of many. It is your duty to keep a watch- 
ful eye on the ship of this Van Twyler, and in case any 
articles were discovered in it besides our general invoice, 
or freighted without the consent of the Comp. then you 
must take the whole in your possession and institute a 
law suit upon it by the attorney general, conform with the 
laws of the land. 

[Vol. 4, p. 30]. The wife of the Rev. Megapolensis will 
have informed you of the contentment we have granted 
her at your request, and what respects the printing of the 
written confession by him, we shall converse on the sub- 
ject with the delegated brothers of the Rev. Classis and 
communicate to you their decree about it. 

The schoolmaster for whom you solicited comes in the 
same vessel with this letter. The Lord grant that he 
may for a good long time exemplify the favorable testi- 
mony which he carried with him from here to the edifica- 
tion of the youth. 

[Vol. 4, p' 31.] We look forward with anxiety for the 
resolution of the English to go to war with the Indians 
called Waspings, because if it happened that they should 
be expelled from their lands then the English should in- 
quire the means by the conquest of this country to sepa- 
rate Rensselaerwyck from our dominions. In the same 
manner and under the same pretext, they might occupy 
the North River "and become exclusively the masters of 
the fur trade, for which we have here already too many 
competitors. Wouter Van Twiller with his associates 
particularly pretend that they ought to be privileged to 
this trade, although the company has never surrendered 
this right but maintained it with exclusion of all others, 
and which in fact would of New Netherland. 

NOTE. Rev. John Megapolensis wrote an account of the Mohawks 
in 1644, of which is a translation in Hazards collection, Vol. t, p. 517. 




The Albany Records. 

[Vol. 4, p. 43.] All your letters are full of various com- 
plaints and some relating to persons of whom it could not 
have been expected as holden to obeisance by their oath 
to the company, but principally so with regard to the re- 
turned commissaries, who not only abuse our indulgent 
discretion but set at nought the good intention of their 
high mightinesses, we fostered the hope that these persons 
as they are advised by their High Might, would hence- 
forth have conducted themselves in a quiet and peaceable 
manner. As we are however, to our grief informed by 
your letters and which is attested by many credible per- 
sons, who lately returned to this country, that these per- 
sons endeavor through all means even the most culpable 
to alienate the minds of the unthinking multitude from 
the company and its ministers, and to lure them from 
their duty of allegiance to disposess the company and its 
ministers if it was possible from their privileges and pre- 
rogatives as well as of their government, which we, by 
what we owe to our high might, trust not longer as indif- 
ferent about the interests of so many interested not longer 
may endure, so is it, that we have found otirselyes obliged 
to warn by our inclosed letter so well our subjects as the 
English, to be on their guard against similar destroyers 
of the public peace and assist us in opposing "their perni- 
cious councils. We entrust your Hon. with the copy of 
these letters in the view that your Hon. shall conduct 
himself in all circumstances and situations with prudence 
allways inclined to moderation, and if your Hon. shall ob- 
serve that said persons are willing to do their duty in all 
respects, then he ought to forget all what is past as if it 
never had been done, which conduct wiH be gratifying to 
Their High Might, who only intended by their granted 
letters of habeas corpus to prevent that these persons 
when returned home should not be vexed with regard to 
the complaints which they have brought forward when 
they were in this country ; which never too was our in- 
tention, nor is it yet if we only see that these persons 
shall do their duty, and behave themselves peaceably and 
with respect as we by God's mercy hope to be informed 



66 The Albany Records. 

of, wherefore we deem it our duty to warn you (the Di- 
rector of New Netherlands, Petrus Stuyvesand) that we 
only have been compelled by an imperious necessity to 
this proclamation to our good people at large. 

Our surprise at the boldness of some individuals can 
not be increased, among these Cornelis Melyn has been 
daring enough to abuse the name of Their High Might, 
pretending that your country should be divided in seven 
provinces, and that a royal fort was to be constructed on 
the point of Staten Island where every vessel should be 
obliged to come to before it would be permitted to proceed 
to Manhattan, we never heard suggested a single word of 
similar dreams so that there is no reason at all that your 
Hon. should feel any anxiety about it or take any notice 
of it whatever you may hear if it comes not directly 
from us. 

We observe that many persons do not scruple on this 
pretext to take possession of the best lands without any 
form or limitation, even as if it were a fact that the com- 
pany and its ministers had no longer any controul and 
was actually dispossessed from all her prerogatives. For 
this reason it is our peremptory command that your 
Hon. shall not grant to any individual the possession of 
any lands except under a solemn acknowledgement of the 
West Ind. Company's administration. Your Hon. will 
pay particular attention to grant in future no more lands 
to any person, as you shall deem proper after an exact 
examination of the situation of such individuals, and ob- 
tained assurance of their sincere intention to settle it, and 
and promote their actual cultivation. It appears from 
divers examples that by a contrary method many tracts 
of lands have been pretended as acquired property which 
however during a number of years they have left unim- 
proved, neither settling or cultivating these, or building 
any houses, as we have experienced of Cornelis Melyn, 
Wouter Van Twiller and others. So this Melyn is in 
possession of an 7 or 8 miles large, with only one single 
improvement of 15 acres; and so Wouter Van Twiller, 
not satisfied with the incorporation of Puts Island with 



The Albany Records. 67 

Hell Gate, is now trying to appropriate to himself, and 
thus to become master of Cats-kill, above all which, he 
further appropriate to himself two flats on Long Island, 
the one called Twillers, the other Corlears, the whole 
containing between 3000 or 3750 acres. 

In the same manner Walter Gerrets and Andries Hudde 
have acted, taking possession of about 3375 acres of which 
they ought not to possess the 50th part. This never could 
be the intention of the company, while in this manner 
many valuable and important tracts with high preroga- 
tives might be claimed, and the country remain in the 
mean time a desert. Wherefore it is our express will 
and peremptory command, that your Hon. shall not grant 
neither permit the occupation of any tract of land as with 
the stipulation which we have mentioned before what re- 
gards Long Island it shall in our opinion best promote 
the interest of the Company, to allot to every one in pro- 
portion to his abilities or wants so much land as he can 
cultivate and may want for buildings, till we shall find an 
opportunity to establish a certain Rule, by which may be 
ascertained how much land by every colonist may be pos- 
sessed. 

We cannot conceal our surprise, that the second Dinck- 
laken associated with Invaders of that stamp, particularly 
with Go vert Loockemans and others, who purchased 
considerable tracts of the Raretans on the Kill opposite 
Staten Island without knowing on whose account they 
imagine to receive a deed from their H. Might, without 
knowledge of the Company, which we can never believe, 
and which we shall oppose with all proper means when- 
ever an opportunity is offered. 

Much could yet be said upon this subject, but we will 
delay it to another opportunity, or till the Secretary 
(Thienhoven) shall have arrived, who in our opinion has 
been long enough detained to his personal disadvantage, 
and by the manoeuvers of some miscreants and purturba- 
tors of the public peace.***** 

[Vol. 4, p. 46.] The querrulous protestations of Brant 
Van Sleghtenhorst do not come with us in any further 
consideration as that we accept these as a notification of 
[Annals iv.] 7 



6g The Albany Records. 

his wishes to obtain Kats-kil, which tract, long before he 
took possession of it had been granted to others ; neither 
can we discover to this moment with what right either 
he or his principals can pretend to be maintained in this 
possession, as they never petitioned the company for this 
grant. No more can we discover on what ground the colo- 
nists of Rensselaerwyck did occupy Bears Island, which 
they called Rensselaer's Stein, which possession they have 
usurped . in such a lofty way that they named this place 
" the place by right of arms," (de plaets van 't wapen 
recht) and compelled every one, exempting only the compa- 
ny's property, to pay a toll of 5 per cent. , and as if this was 
not yet enough, they indulged their presumption so far that 
they dared pretend that Fort Orange was built on their ter- 
ritory and that they would not permit that any one, not 
even with the consent of the company, should in this fort 
reside and share in the fur trade, on all which we shall only 
remark with few words, that this fort was built by the 
company several years before these colonists selected that 
spot for their Colony, wherefore we commanded your Hon. 
before to maintain our good inhabitants of that fort in 
their right which we again confirm. In the same manner 
we declared before and renew this declaration, that if 
any person was daring enough to exact upon any rivers, 
islands or harbours within the limits of the company, any 
tolls or imposition on salt to the injury of the Inhabitants 
at large, or of private traders, such vexations by all pro- 
per means, and if required via facte must be prevented, 
as it is our firm resolve, never to part with similar pre- 
eminences or jurisdiction to any colonists whomsoever, 
as these persons presume to arrogate to themselves. 



It is true that the Notary Jan Van de Veen solicit at 
different times to allow him to select a large tract of land, 
which in your opinion might be granted to him by us 
without prejudice, so that we shall not make any diffi- 
culty in acquiescing in it proviso. He gives up his 
extravagant claim to a high and low jurisdiction, which 
we should deem incompatible with the supreme rights of 



The Albany Records. 69 

the company, and which it is yet our determined resolu- 
tion to preserve in behalf of the company by ali the 
means in our power. We remain however inclined to 
grant him such a sufficient tract as he may desire. 

[Vol. 4, p. 47.] As 3 T ou may expect the arrival of 
many passengers with the vessels which are now ready 
for their voyage to establish themselves in New Nether- 
land, so is it our desire that your Hon. will provide these 
with lands with discretion, paying a due regard to their 
quality and the number of their persons, as it is our de- 
sign to promote by all means the population of this coun- 
try. While the Baron Hendrik Van De Capellan seems 
inclined to acquire some tracts of land in that country to 
settle and cultivate it as appears to us from his letter, 
we should wish that you might accommodate him with 
a good and convenient tract, as we can have no higher 
object in view, as to see that Persons of his eminent sta- 
tion in life, employ themselves in similar useful under- 
takings. We regret indeed that we can not fully gratify 
Mr. La Montagne, nevertheless we are willing to assist 
him upon your recommendation as shall be permitted to 
us from the situation of the company; wherefore, we 
have resolved to command you to encourage him to the 
continuance in his service to allow him for the present a 
longer term for the payment which he owes the company, 
to augment his annual salary from /150 to /200 and to 
favor him with any vacant office for which you may deem 
him capable under our approbation. 

[Vol. 4, p. 48.] Although some merchants pretend 
that the recognitions on the BEAVERS are too high, as a 
merchantable beaver is taxed at /8 (1 6s. 8d.) and 
therefore requested to lower it to /6 (1) we can not 
consent in it because the greatest part of the Beavers im- 
ported in the last vessels have been sold at/ 10 (1 13s. 
4d.) or there about. We perceive besides this that large 
parties are smuggled. 

[Vol. 4, p. 49.] We are not surprised at all "that the 
passengers complain of the freight of their passage" but 



70 The Albany Records. 

it is not yet in our power to alter it as we tried it in vain, 
so that we even threatened the masters of vessels to with- 
hold from them their commission, provided they would 
engage to charge the passengers not higher as 7 (Is. 2d.) 
for their daily fare, but it was all in vain, we have been 
compelled to contract with Skipper Bloemart to allow him 
for every soldier and the individuals belorging to his train 
8 (0 Is. 4d.) of these persons we shall write hereafter at 
large. 

We are surprised your Kon. amusing himself with pro- 
tests and contra protests against the common council on 
affairs of such little consequence as are a pew or a seat in 
the church, while we suppose that the church shall be 
large enough to accommodate every individual agreeably 
to his quality and that similar trifles do not deserve so 
much attention in such turbulent times. 

We understood with great regret that the Mohawk In- 
dians (Maquas) made an incursion on the territory of 
France in Canada and taken with them 8 a 9 Christians 
as prisoners for whom no doubt they will demand a large 
ransom or they shall be cruelly tortured, which moves 
your compassion. This is indeed becoming a Christian 
but we first ought to take care of our own household. 
Your Hon. knows how a few of this nation some time 
past have been delivered at the expenses of the Company 
and from the public money of which never a. farthing was 
returned so that we will suppose when these complaints 
shall be known in France that they shall take care of 
their own countrymen. 

It is not yet in our power to comply with your request 
to send you a handsome quantity of small money to accom- 
modate the public and consider your second proposal no 
more practicable viz : to oblige the traders to pay the recog- 
nitions of 8 per cent in cash and well in small coin in New 
Netherlands as they leave nothing untried here to get rid 
of every burthen at least of the recognitions if not in the 
whole, therefore their largest part. They are encouraged 
in this by Wouter Van Twiller and his adherents who 
would persuade them, that more moderation in this point 
ere long is to be expected, as no person is longer inclined 



The Albany Records. 71 

to employ his vessels in this trade or bring their merchan- 
dise in our magazines. We do not know in what these 
persons do trust but we are confident they shall be disap- 
pointed ; and more so yet if said Van Twiller intends to 
monopolize the trade upon the North River, which we 
know to have been his aim a great while with his toll on 
Bears Island now called by them Rensselaer's Stein ; but 
we have no intention to permit this, but that every one 
shall navigate this River unmolested and enjoy a free 
trade in our fort Orange which these colonists pretend to 
have been constructed on their territory. Who ever 
heard a more impertinent pretension? This example 
makes us averse to permit any one in future such an un- 
limited colonization and jurisdiction, but remain inclined 
to allow every individual so much ground as he is able to 
settle and cultivate, as we insinuated before. 

[Vol. 4, p. 52-3.] We are importuned by Peter Gabin 
upon a draught drawn by ypur Hon. upon the company 
of about /500 (83 6s. 8d.) to obtain payt. so too by 
Govert Lookemans, who married the widow of Dirck 
Cornells Van Wensveen for an account, /861 9 8 which 
originates in delivered merchandise and wages But as we 
are entirely uninformed of the first transaction and know 
no more about the accounts of Wensveen, and as we have 
observed in this and other similar accounts that in these 
are inserted monthly wages, Payments of laborers 
Debts and credits of free persons which does not agree 
with the Records of the Wages on which all similar tran- 
sactions are set down, so we have declined to meddle 
with the liquidations of these accounts leaving it to your 
Hon. to settle with these and similar persons in the best 
manner you may find practicable While your Hon. shall 
recollect, that here on the account of Dirk Cornelis Van 
Wensveen has been credited / 165 6 which was evidently 
placed on the records of wages upon another man's ac- 
count of which sum your Hon. shall take notice by a final 
settlement. 

April 26, 1651. 

[Vol. 4, p. 59.] You will do well to act in conformity 



72 The Albany Records. 

with our commands which we communicated in the letter 
to your Hon. as mentioned above and in one which we 
wrote to you and your second Dinclagen, as it is our 
wish to cultivate mutual harmony with the prosperity 
and increase of the inhabitants of New Netherland. Of 
all what since has passed in the negotiations and the 
arrival of the Ambassadours from England, so with re- 
gard to the termination of the Limits between our 
colonies as the mutual complaints can your Hon. receive 
a satisfactory information from Cornells Van Tienhoven, 
who, is returning to New Netherland with a renewed 
commission of Secretary so that there is no necessity for 
us to enlarge more on this subject. _Said Cornelis Van 
Thienhoven solicited us the privilege to purchase a farm 
situated in New Netherland and belonging to the com- 
pany, large about 30 or 33 acres, besides the hay land, 
a farm house of 50 by 20 feet, a hay loft, two mares and 
a horse and a Negro, all now in use by Thomas Hall 
whose lease was to expire next summer. But, as we do 
know nothing about the value of this farm, not even its 
situation much less if this purchase should be in pre- 
judice or advantage of the company we thought best to 
communicate the subject to you in the hope to receive 
from you a satisfactory account, that we may accommo- 
date said secretary, if possible, wherefore it shall be best 
not to enter in a further contract with Thomas Hall till 
you shall have received our answer upon your letter 
which shall be your guide. We have engaged here our 
first clerk Johannes Dyckman as Bookkeeper in New 
Netherland with a salary of /30 in the month besides 
his boarding: We recommend him so that your Hon: 
when any opportunity to favor him may appear, may use 
it to his advantage, in a manner as may be justified with 
his merits and comportment. 

We have resolved to promote the population of New 
Netherland and fix more permanently the navigation in 
that place, that you will exact 16 per cent from all 
wares and merchandises imported in English, Virginia 
or New England vessels to New Netherland and permit 
these to go from New Netherland thither without paying 



The Albany Records. 73 

any recognition whatever, to put a stop to the practice of 
those who send their goods to New England to return 
these afterwards to New Netherland on a diminished 
recognition and prevent that the merchants, trading from 
here to New Netherland, are not longer prejudiced. 

What respects the proposal in your last letter to 
increase the duties on merchandise exported from here 
with other wares to New Netherland to Virginia to lure 
the commerce from there this indeed is impracticable, 
because every department here may issue commissions to 
the English Virginias because it would be to their pre- 
judice and to the advantage of the Department of Am- 
sterdam for which they would decline to give their consent, 
wherefore your Hon. will conform himself to our order 
of exacting 16 per cent of all the merchandise imported 
from English Virginia and communicate in your next 
your opinion about its success. 

26 April, 1651. 

[Vol. 4, p. 61.] Honorable, Valiant, Trusty: We have 
upon the proposal of secretary Cornells Van Thienhoven 
as that he by your Hon. and Council not long before his 
departure was appointed in the place of Roelof De Haase, 
Receiver of the company's domains and revenues either 
from tithes, recognitions or otherwise, confirmed this ap- 
pointment for his long and faithful services till our fur- 
ther orders with the allowance of 2 per cent. 

And as we know from experience that since a number 
of years no tythes have been paid from many Lands in 
New Netherland to which their owners were holden to the 
company by contract, and that they have been connived at 
and excused when we were involved in War by the insur- 
rection of the Indians, and as they now about six years 
have again been in peaceable possession of these for 
which they ought not to decline this payment, so that we 
expect that your Hon. may reflect on the best manner in 
which this revenue again may be exacted, avoiding in the 
beginning to create much cause of discontent, and inform 
us of his success by the first opportunity that we may 



74 The Albany Records. 

take upon it a final resolution such as we may deem 
proper. In which confiding. L > ? 

Honorable, Valiant, Trusty 
recommending you in Gods Protection 

we Remain your Good Friends 
The Directors of the West Ind. Comp. 

Department of Amsterdam 
JOHAN LE THOR 

Amsterdam 26 Apr. 1651. ISAACK VAN BEECK. 

Sir P. STUYVESANT Director &c. 

[Vol. 4, p. 63.] The contentment which our last letters 
have given so to our Inhabitants as to the English induce us 
to continue our course in the same track. The copying of 
said letters causes us indeed -some trouble but we will not 
shrink from this task because a few seditious persons have 
endeavored to persuade the inhabitants that these letters 
were not written by the Company but only by a few of 
the Directors present so that the good inhabitants may 
clearly discover the pernicious machinations of the sedi- 
tious persons. We do not have a shadow of doubt or it 
shall be in our power to crush their malicious attempts in 
the birth. The inhabitants will yet place a higher trust 
in our good intentions as soon as they are acquainted in 
what favorable manner we havedisposed on their requests. 

They complain loudly that a fraudulent commerce is 
made by Individuals in powder, lead and guns, we send 
you to prevent this dangerous enterprise, a printed proc- 
lamation to whose execution the unwearied exertions of 
the Attorney General are required. 

What regard their complaints of the vexations of the 
Indians to which they are exposed through the instiga- 
tions of malicious persons who endeavor to persuade 
those savages, that we dare not punish their insolent bar- 
barity. It shall appear to them from the execution of the 
secret resolution with which your Hon. is intrusted that 
we can effect a league with our English Nabors to guaran- 
tee our mutual possessions to crush the bold attempts of 
these barbarous hordes proviso always that no con- 



The Albany Records. 75 

cessions are made to them of any preeminences which in 
your opinion might be rather perilous. 

We consent to abolish the recognition on the imported 
Tobacco besides this we are actually soliciting our Go- 
vernment that from the new taxation of the tobacco, cul- 
tivated in New Netherland may be exempted, which must 
be of great advantage to the planters. 

To the Director and Council of New Netherland. 

[Vol. 4, p. 64.] We consent to show another favour to 
these plantations upon the proposal of the inhabitants that 
they may import in their own vessels so many Negroes as 
they may want to the cultivation of their fields on the 
conditions of our government of which we inclose a copy. 

[Vol. 4, p. 66.] We have, to promote this end [getting 
reports ready] established a separate office for the affairs 
of New Netherland for which it is required that you send 
us by the first opportunity accurate Registers of all the 
Lands, farms, and houses which are rented in behalf of 
the company and upon what terms and conditions these 
have been rented. As we know that the Island of Man- 
hattan has been exclusively reserved to the company as is 
evident from the reservations and yet have reasons to 
suspect that some tracts on it have been granted to indi- 
viduals without our knowledge, so is it becoming that we 
should receive a full account of similar transactions; 
while it has the appearance that within a few years the 
population shall under God's blessing be considerably in- 
creased, so it becomes us to make in this view proper ar- 
rangements for it and provide that the land may be dis- 
tributed in a more equal manner as formerly has been the 
practice, when every one seemed to have followed the de- 
sire of his own heart and this without any previous know- 
ledge of the Directors or that of their ministers. The 
necessity of similar precautions in future becomes evi- 
dent from the conduct of Wouter Van Twiller, Olfert 
Gerritsen, Lubbert Van Dinklagen, Jacob Wobferts and 
others who purchased from the Indians considerable tracts 
without our knowledge or approbation which is insuffer- 



76 The Albany Records. 

able and wherefore, it is our will that every one shall be 
warned by a proclamation to be on his guard not to pur- 
chase, or take possession of any lands whatsoever with- 
out knowledge and approbation of the company or its 
ministers That further all similar purchases shall be 
annulled and rendered void with the reserve that a reim- 
bursement shall be made of the purchase money, actually 
paid and that the company may be reinvested in that pro- 
perty. It remains our intention nevertheless that every 
one shall be able to acquire so much land as he can settle 
and cultivate, provided he holds it from the company, but 
we are very averse to throw away these lands without 
distinction as too long has been the custom viz : with 
whole Islands, so as to Cornelis Melyn who settled a tract, 
long 8 miles with 5 or 6 souls and who consequently had 
forfeited his right and title to it long since wherefore it 
had been well that you had divested him of this property 
long since and entrusted with it such persons who would 
have been more punctual in fullfilling their agreement. It 
has now the appearance, that the Barons Henrik and 
Alexander Van de Capelle have negociated with this Pa- 
troon and purchased a part of the said Island without pur 
knowledge or approbation. Besides this we have been 
informed by Baron Hendrick Van De Capellan that he 
purchased for his account the tract named Newensing and 
Raritans, situated behind Staten Island, which tracts 
knowing nothing of these transactions we had already en- 
gaged to Cornelis Van Werkenhoven who has embarked 
with a numerous family and suit, to take possession of it. 
As your Hon. will see from the commission which we 
have granted him. If this Nobleman do interest himself 
in the welfare of New Netherland and well in regard of the 
company, as we have reason to suppose, then he might be 
an instrument through which many persons might be al- 
lured to embark for that country nevertheless we could 
have wished that we had been excused of disposing of 
such a large tract in his favour as we do agree with you 
in opinion that it can not be very serviceable to the com- 
pany, but we could not disoblige this man, being a mem- 
ber of our Government and would avoid the appearance 



The Albany Records. 77 

as if we were inclined to stop the course of the popula- 
tion. We experience in this respect the inconveniences 
of that licentiousness of which we before complained as 
the Baron pretends to have already and well one year and 
a half before this time been in possession of these lands, 
to which we can only answer that ive had not received 
any knowledge at all so that they ought to agree upon it 
among themselves. These are the fruits when it is en- 
deavored to establish one government in another. If 
your Hon. had sent Dinklagen hither this incident might 
have been prevented. This might have been perfected 
with reason and decency as he did resign his office without 
having answered the trust reposed in him for which he 
could not make a pretention to any wages due to him. It is 
to be presumed that he was resolved since 1650 to leave 
the company in the lurch when he was pressing your Hon. 
with such an importunity to pay him his salary in full, 
with which however he was not satisfied but stirred the 
soldiers to mutiny. We have already connived too long 
at the impertinent behaviour of some turbulent individu- 
als to make them ashamed by our benevolence and dis- 
cretion but perceiving at last that all our condescension 
does not avail so must we take our refuge to God to na- 
ture and the Law, for which we command you whenever 
you might discover some clandestine associations, conven- 
ticles or machinations against the Government of our re- 
public or company that you will proceed against such 
malignant persons according to the rigour of the Laws 
and their own demerits with this precaution that it is by 
no means our intention that any one should obtain rea- 
sons to complain that he was injured by private malice 
which is far from us. Although we plainly perceive that 
many skulk under this cloak and we may discover their 
malice under this Garb yet we have resolved upon your 
proposal to stop the slandering mouth, to agree that you 
shall establish a court [of Justice] ? similar to that which 
exists in this city for which we send you printed copies of 
all the Courts of Judicature and Magistracy. We sup- 
pose it shall at first answer every purpose to elect a sher- 
iff two Burgomasters and five Schepens, so that all judg- 



78 The Albany Records. 

ments may be carried in appeal to the Supreme Court of 
Judicature to obtain a definitive judgment. Every atten- 
tion is to be paid in the Election of these magistrates so 
that honest and respectable persons which we hope that 
may be found among the Citizens may be chosen. It is 
our earnest desire that as ir.uch as possible the preference 
shall be given to Individuals of this Nation which in our 
opinion shall be gratifying to the people at large. We 
give our consent above all this that one public school may 
be established for which one school master would be suf- 
ficient and he might be engaged at /250 annually. We 
recommend you Jan De La Montague whom we have 
provisionally favored with the Appointment. Your 
Hon. may appropriate the City Tavern for this pur- 
pose, if this is practicable. We do not see in what 
manner or by what means we shall be able to stop 
the abuse of which you complain if the Attorney General 
will not acquit himself of his duty, and we fear that you 
have erred in raising the value of the money 25 per cent., 
to bring by these means some more cash in the country. 
It shall soon become evident what fruits may be expected 
from this resolution. It has been observed by experience 
that the raising of the value of money was followed by 
the ruin of the country and its inhabitants, wherefore we 
deem it a perilous experiment, and had rather seen that 
our opinion had been asked before such a plan had been 
adopted. 

[Vol. 4, p. 72.] We can conquer our surprise at the 
insolence and boldness of Barent Van Schlegtenhorst, 
who has dared to expel few individuals from their Gar- 
den spots which they cultivated, in the vicinity of Fort 
Orange, upon which we will say nothing else, as that it 
is our firm resolution to maintain our Jurisdiction in the 
neighborhood of this Fort, by all means within gunshot ; 
and if he has injured any citizen, or destroyed any of 
their possessions within these limits, to compel him to 
give such a one satisfaction and compensation, in what- 
ever manner the damages should have been done. It 
seems to us that the Colonists of Rensselaerwyck here. 



The Albany Records. 79 

hare agreed mutually upon their disputes, and it is pre- 
sumptive that they will send another Director thither, 
although we are in doubt if it will be in their power to 
disengage themselves from Van Schleghtenhorst, more so 
as it is said that he claims from the Colonists between 
/ 14 a./ 15,000; but we cannot say what'is the truth. 

Wouter Van Twiller has renewed his claims to settle 
his accounts originating from victuals delivered at the 
different Forts. We could not fall with regard to him on 
a better expedient, as to declare him that we would send 
you orders to liquidate with his assignees, on the hope 
that when they shall account for the tithes of that Colo- 
ny, they will be obliged to pay us some balance. 

[Vol. 4, p. 73.] Your journey to the South River and 
what has passed there between you and the Swedes, was 
to us very unexpected, as you did not give us before so 
much as a hint of this your intention. God give that 
these your intentions be crowned with success. We can- 
not give our opinion upon it before we have heard the 
complaints of the Swedish Governour to his Queen, and 
ascertained how at her court these have been received. 
We hope that our arguments to prove that we were the 
first possessors of that country shall be acknowledged 
sufficient. But it is in our opinion nearly impracticable to 
enter here with the Swedes in negotiations upon the limits 
much less to arrive at a final conclusion. We will not 
enter in a discussion, if the demolition of Fort Nassau 
was an act of prudence, as no one could institute any 
claim upon it even if the Swedes made a show of pre- 
tense. Time shall instruct us of the design of the New 
Built Fort Casimir. We are at a loss to conjecture for 
what reason it has received this name. You ought to be 
on your guard that it is well secured, so that it cannot be 
surprised. We cannot determine if it is required to erect 
any fortifications on the East side opposite this Fort, and 
must leave this to your discretion. But on this point we 
deem it necessary to warn you to pay a continued atten- 
tion that no Fortifications on any of the isles in the 
neighbourhood of the Manhattans are erected from per- 
[Annals iv.] 8 



The Albany Records. 

sons who have dared to instigate the savages against 118. 
We declare that you will inquire in this affair with a 
sedulous attention, and in case you might discover the 
truth, to prosecute similar persons with that rigour which 
their demerits deserve; but recommend again to make 
use of all prudent discretion, that your procedures may 
be laid open before the whole world. 

We have objections against the provisional agreement 
with the English about our limits. In the instructions of 
our embassadors to England is recommended to them to 
negotiate, and if possible to agree with that Government 
about our limits; but the situation of affairs between 
England and our Government bears yet a very unfavora- 
ble aspect. God grant that extremities may be avoided. 

[Vol. 4, p. 75.] At your zealous solicitations to be 
favored with another clergyman who could preach in Eng- 
lish as well as in Dutch, we left nothing untried to gratify 
you, till, as if the Lord had guided his steps, the Rev. 
Sam. Driess adressed himself. He is single; about 40 
years of age, who left England to avoid its present tur- 
bulent state. He is recommended as a pious man and a 
man of talents, able to preach in both languages, viz : 
Dutch and English and if necessity did require it, in 
French too. He is said to be a man of peaceable man- 
ners and agreeable conversation, so that we cannot doubt, 
or the society shall reap a great deal of contentment from 
this vocation, as we may expect that he shall be a pow- 
erfull instrument to proclaim the holy word of God to 
make his glory known, and assist that worthy old ser- 
vant, the Rev. Megapolensis. 

We have allowed him / 100 per month, and /250 for 
his boarding ; and as he is single it did strike us that it 
might perhaps be acceptable to all, if he could agree for 
his boarding with Mr. John La Montagne. We do not 
however press this point as the proposal originated by us 
from pure affection. 

[Vol. 4, p. 83.] Now is it however, that although we 
did flatter ourselves with the hope that some arrangement 



The Albany Records. 81 

might have been made with our Government and the Re- 
publick of England, we have been disappointed in it, as 
this Republick all our honorable and just proposals not- 
withstanding, has not hesitated while our Embassadors 
were yet there, to arrest all our 'vessels, without paying 
any regard from what place these might arrive to take 
the Crews from others, who, ignorant of the present state 
of affairs had entered their harbours to arrest these 
vessels to our great loss, not permitting the departure of 
one single vessel ; not even the Men-of- War arrived from 
the Brazils, so that when the Embassadors of our Repub- 
lick complained to the Parliament in vain, of these griefs 
and received empty words in lieu of redress ; these have 
been recalled and are actually returned home. It appears 
to us from the formidable equipments and preparations, 
principally so by our Government, that war soon shall be 
declared; more so as our Admiral Tromp has been sent 
about the North with about a hundred sails, while the 
British Admiral, Blake, was steering the same course. 
May it please the Almighty to bless us with a happy event, 
and crush the Brittish pride. 

This unexpected Rupture, which we had not courted, 
induced many merchants trading on New Netherland to 
solicit us that we would send an advice boat to your 
Hon., so that you and the Colonists there might be in- 
formed of this state of affairs. We have considered this 
plan and agreed with them that they should freight and 
dispatch a swift sailing Galiot, provided they should be 
indemnified for this voyage from the freight and the re- 
cognitions of the merchandise charged in this vessel so 
too of those which shall be paid on its return, every one 
in proportion to his shares in this enterprise. 

Although we doubt not or you shall have agreed about 
the limits with those of New England in conformity to 
our intentions, or entered with them in a more close 
Union and harmonious compact as once before, so that 
we may have nothing to fear from New England. We 
considered it nevertheless an imperious duty to recom- 
mend you to arm and discipline all free men, soldiers and 
saylors to appoint the officers and rendezvous to sup- 



82 The Albany Records. 

ply them with ammunition, and to inspect the. fortifica- 
tions of New Amsterdam, Fort Orange and Casimir. 
To this end we send you for your protection a fresh sup- 
ply of Ammunition as you may see from the invoice. 
We warn you not to place an unbounded confidence upon 
your English Inhabitants, but to keep a watching eye 
upon them, so that you may not be deceived by a show 
of service through their sinister Machinations, as we 
have been here illuded, (deluded). If it happened which 
we will not suppose, that those of New England did in- 
cline to take a part in these broils, and injure our good 
inhabitants, then we wffuld advise that your Hon. en- 
gaged the Indians in your cause, whom we are informed 
are not partial to the English, and employd further all 
such means of defence as prudence may require for your 
security, paying attention that the Merchants and Inhab- 
itants convey their valuable property within the forts, 
and to treat them with kindness so that they may be en- 
couraged to remain there and abandon the thoughts of 
returning hither, by which the country would be depopu- 
lated. It is therefore advisable to surround the villages, 
at least, the principal and most opulent, with breast 
works and palisades, to prevent a surprise. 

We made here to accommodate Individuals who used 
to give their letters to a saylor or a free merchant, which 
then were often lost to their disadvantage, through the 
neglect of their Trustees, who left them in their trunks 
or took these with them when they unexpectedly started 
for another city, we made a box in front of the New 
Magazine, where we hold our present sessions, in which 
every one may at any hour of the day, can depose his 
letters to be conveyed thither with the first sailing ves- 
sels, of which we have now informed your Hon., that this 
example may be followed in New Netherland so that the 
letters from a greater security may all be inclosed in one 
bag and directed to us with the address of those persons 
to whom the letters are directed who usually appear at 
the Magazine and may receive them directly without 
being obliged to institute a search and run after the indi- 
viduals who had been charge with these. 



The Albany Records. 83 

While it now through our troubles with the English 
Nation might happen that some malcontent here residing 
Englishmen or other individuals might send thither some 
letters to irritate your English inhabitants against the 
commonwealth, that you did examine under oath the Cap- 
tain of the Galiot with its crew and require the surrender 
of all letters committed to their trust, and that you opened 
the letters sent by this vessel which might appear sus- 
picious, so that we may not in sending this Galiot have 
fostered a serpent in our bosom, and they who are our 
enemies may have obtained the means to injure us from 
our own hands. 

In this vessel embarks one Hugo Claess who served the 
Company in former days as supercargo and now has been 
appointed as commander or superintendent of the salt 
works of the company at Bonaire, to the choping and 
cleaning of Stock rish hout and its further Cultivation at 
/20 the month, so too Jan Van Der Slust a carpenter at 
/6 a month to accompany said Hugo Claess to Bonaire, 
your Hon. will as it can not at present be executed here 
provide them with materials and all necessary articles as 
much as may be in your power with which 

Honorable &c. 16 Aug. 1652 in Amsterdam. 

[Vol. 4, p. 88.] Your Hon. has misunderstood us with 
regard to the Colony of Mr. Van Werkhoven whose two 
colonies you did suppose to extend twenty miles in a 
straight line, or you did not pay attentions to our exemp- 
tions from which it is evident that no colonists may ob- 
tain more than four miles along the side of a navigable 
river or two miles at both sides. Mr. Van Werkhoven 
had his choice of either of these but could not be per- 
mitted to take both in possession. But as he did not so 
but decline it and settled at Nassau so the half of that 
tract remains at his service to settle it to his best advan- 
tage. This example again confirms us in our own opinion 
not to grant New Licenses for Colonies as pretensions are 
made to similar extravagant boundaries. 

It appears from your letters that sum turbulent and dis- 
affected malignants meet from time to time in secret con- 



84 The Albany Records. 

venticles which you may break up and keep under your 
controul conform to our orders and we engage to give a 
good account of them at the Hague if any false reports 
might be sent hither. 

We are greatly surprised that your Hon. has raised the 
value of the money in New Netherland contrary to our 
expressed intention and against our orders and that you 
did solicit Individual persons here, to supply you with 
Dutch shillings and four penny pieces to the amount of 
25 a / 30,000 which we can by no means approve as we 
are not yet brought so low that our ministers must step 
forward to obtain us credit and make a tender of our con- 
quests for its security. If any business is to be transact- 
ed here it behoves you to address yourself to us and not 
to other individuals. You may depend we shall not leave 
unnoticed any similar attempt. 

********* 

[Vol. 4, p. 89.] Our merchants complain very loudly 
of the exaction .of an additional tax of 8 pence above the 
1-4 levied on every merchantable Beaver, which appears 
to us surprising strange indeed as we did send our express 
orders that your Hon. should not take more than 8 per 
cent, and your Hon. would make a restitution to them of 
the surplus of whom you had received 15 per cent, and 
although you appeal to the case of the Director Kieft so 
with regard in the granting of lands as in the exaction of 
15 st. for every beaver, so we are obliged to repeat that 
this was not our intention, neither is it now when no dis- 
cretion enough can be employed to prevent that commerce 
in this critical and dangerous period is not discouraged so 
that it might be abandoned with disgust of which the de- 
population of your conquests would be an unavoidable 
consequence as we could by no means continue to procure 
such supplies of new settlers we will communicate to you 
in our next letter our intention for your guide. 

[Vol. 4, p. 91.] In reflecting on some of your letters 
and some directed to me by the late Director, Fan Kieft, 
we perceive that in his opinion the fisheries of Sturgeon 
and Codfish to be highly valuable, that the Sturgeon 



The Albany Records. 85 

above all is in your rivers in such abundance and can be 
taken in such vast quantity that the Caviar* could be as 
well manufactured there as in Muscovy. If this is so 
then certainly it would be a point of immense profit as 
by these means an immense trade might be opened with 
salted fish Caviar and other merchandise. We expect 
that you will send us your opinion upon this subject, and 
if there is any prospect of success to engage any persons 
who are acquainted with this business and render it then 
their advantage to pursue it so that commerce may 
flourish in both Hemispheres. 

[Vol. 4, p. 92.] We inclose a copy of an insinuation 
communicated to us by the Notary Van Der Vinne in be- 
half of John Van Rensselaer a colonist of Rensselaerwyck 
from which you shall see the complaints which have been 
made against you. You ought to act in all similar cases 
with greater circumspection to deliver us from all similar 
difficulties as much as it impossible. We expect in con- 
formity to the answer which we have given a more cir- 
cumstantial detail of this case in your next letter, with an 
account of debt and credit the sale of vessels hides 
stock wish hout &c. during your administration which you 
ought to continue to do by your ministers every year to 
enable us to make up our balance and acquit ourselves of 
your responsibility to others. 

13 Dec. 1652. 

[Vol. 4, p. 93.] Honorable &c. In the vessel the Graef 
have embarked Johan De Hulter, one of the partners of 
Rensselaerwyck, with different families, taking with them 
a number of free men, among whom are several mechan- 
ics, as one extraordinary potter, (Steinbacker) and many 
other persons whose names are inserted in the enclosed 
list, who intend to settle either in the Colony or any other 
convenient place, to assist in the cultivation of the land. 
As it cannot yet be determined where he may fix his resi- 
dence, and might, for aught we know, prefer the Island of 

* NOTE. An important branch of Dutch Commerce. It is prepared 
from the eggs of the Sturgeon. It is a sort of cheese. It is made too 
in Russia on the River Volga. See pallas vay, fyc. 



86 The Albany Records. 

Manhattans, which in our opinion would be desirable, so 
we deemed it proper, while he as a stranger in that coun- 
try solicited to be favoured with our recommendation, to 
command you to accommodate him without the prejudice 
of the company, in the best manner possible ; and to give 
him every kind assistance in your power. If he resolves 
to fix his abode upon the Island of Manhattan or Long 
Island, then you procure him a convenient situation and 
for his settlement and to establish a pottery, (Steinback- 
ery,) as he remains satisfied. In which expectation 
Amsterdam 7 May, 1653. Honorable &c. 

[Vol. 4, p. 96.] That it never was our intention that 
any individual, upon our mere consent, which we never 
decline to any one embarking to New Netherland, should 
be qualified, without regard to the number of persons in 
his family to take possession and appropriate to him- 
self one or two hundred morgen, (about 214 or 428 acres) 
without taking these in his actual possession by their cul- 
tivation neither could we be understood to have intend- 
ed the appropriation of building spots, in the city or its 
suburbs, being allowed to any one without erecting edifi- 
ces upon them, we concluded to print these placards with 
some small alterations, and return these to your Hon. to 
have these published and affixed. To promote the more 
punctual execution of the first (settlement of New Lands) 
we deemed it advisable to make no alterations in your 
sketch, except that the payment of the Land tax, viz : of 
2 shillings per morgen annually, shall only take place a 
year after the land shall have been settled and cultivated, 
as you may discover from the printed proclamation. 
******** 

We have no objections against the provisional measures 
which your Hon. has adopted with respect to Fort Orange, 
as we have examined 'all the transmitted documents, we 
would only recommend to your attention, to place the 
names of the principal men and magistrates allways at 
the head of your lists, as a mark of courtesy, and to be on 
your guard not to give any offence or cause of complaint 
to the people of Rensselaerwyck ; to keep with it a good 



The Albany Records. 87 

correspondence, and .cultivate with it an harmonious in- 
tercourse ; the Rights of the company always remaining 
in violated. 

We were peculiarly pleased that you did not give a 
further extension to the limits of Rensselaerwyck, as the 
prerogatives and exemptions did allow ; what regards the 
farms now remaining beyond the limits granted to that 
Colony, we have no objections that these are granted 
in the name of the company to the present holders, upon 
the same terms and conditions on which other individuals 
have received for the right of soil which they possess, 
well understood that all such farms shall not be submitted 
to the patronage (Patronaatschap) of said Colony or its 
limits considered to have been extended by these. 



As we have been informed that there rages among the 
sheep a prevailing sickness with which many are swept 
away, so we do not hesitate in recommending salt as a 
preservative against this sickness. It ought to be laid in 
the pastures in large lumps, as is practice in other coun- 
tries. 

We are assured that a considerable party of furs might 
be obtained from the savages in Canada, in case this na- 
tion could with less danger, and a less circuitous manner 
approach Fort Orange and the Colony of Rensselaerwyck, 
in which they continually are obstructed by the Mohawk 
Indians, with whom, although their nearest neighbors, 
they are in a continual warfare. And this is the only rea- 
son why these Canadian savages, scared by the danger 
and inconveniences of the journey, prefer to dispose of 
their furs to Frenchmen or other merchantile nations who 
are trading in that neighborhood, by which the company 
and their subjects are in so far frustrated from that trade. 
For this we give your Hon. in consideration if it would 
not be advantageous to the Company, if a trading house 
was established 18 or 20 miles above Fort Orange, to 
render it a staple for furs, which would in our opinion be 
an important object to the Company. Inform us in what 
point of view it appears to you. 



88 The Albany Records. 

[Vol. 4, p. 99,] We did see that you if we would ratify 
it engaged to favor sundry individuals with grants, viz : 
one for erecting a potash work (aschbranderije) ; one for 
making Tiles and Bricks, and the third for salt works, 
which Grants we not only entirely disapprove, but require 
that you will not give one single grant more hereafter, as 
it is in our opinion a very pernicious management, prin- 
cipally so in a new and budding state, whose population 
and welfare cannot be promoted but as through general 
benefits and privileges, in which every one who might be 
inclined to settle in such a country either as merchant or 
mechanic may participate. 

[Vol. 4, p. 100.] We resolved upon mature deliberations 
on the weakness of your counsel in such a critical period, 
to strengthen it with an expert and well instructed man. 
In this mode, application for an employ was made to us 
by Nicasius Silla, a man well versed in the law, and not 
unacquainted with military affairs. His character is good, 
and the certificates which we have seen leave no doubt of 
his acquirements. We could not hesitate to engage him 
in our service as first Counsellor of the Director, at a 
salary of one hundred * per month, in which his board is 
concluded. Of all which your Hon. may be informed at 
large by our vessel, King Solomo. 

We did farther agree from particular considerations in 
favor of your counsellor La Montagne, that your Hon. 
might increase his salary to /50| per month, and /200J 
yearly for his board, so early and from that period your 
Hon. may deem proper, so that his debt to the company 
may in this manner be liquidated and cancelled, which 
we are confident that will be a spur to Him to devote 
himself to the service of the Company. 

[Vol. 4, p. 103.] You will be informed by the inclosed 
copies and request of Adrien Van Der Donck of the na- 
ture of his solicitations. What regard his memoir we can 
well penetrate, upon what ground he builds his claim al- 
though we are not sufficiently instructed, as it can not be 

*16. 13s. 4d. t-8. 6s. 8d. t 33. 6s. 8d. 



The Albany Records. 89 

questioned or it would be costly and very inconvenient to 
Individuals who have engaged boys and girls in their ser- 
vice if these could at their arrival or before the time 
of their engagement was expired might leave the service 
of their masters without having previously satisfied them 
or brought forward sufficient and imperious reasons which 
might justify their emancipation. Your Hon. we expect 
shall act with prudence in this delicate case in a manner, 
that neither the population is obstructed neither the mas- 
ters or their servants have just causes to complain. 

What regards the six guns, sent by said Van Der Donck 
in 1651 it is our opinion that if those have not been 
smuggled but exported by knowledge of the company 
then these six guns may be restored to him. 

It is our will witft respect to his second petition rela- 
ting a small tract of land or common swamp (valley con- 
tracted Vly) of about 30 or 40 morgen (64 or 85 acres) 
near theSaegkil that your Hon. shall not permit its occu- 
pation or settling by any one before you shall have ex- 
amined thoroughly its situation and if you discover that 
said Van Derdonck did purchase this valley (vly) from 
the natives with previous consent of the Director and 
Council and the rights of the company are not brought in 
jeopardy then we have no objections that this tract of land 
or valley (vly) is granted to him upon such terms and re- 
strictions as are given to and required from other Inhabi- 
tants in conformity to our placards. 

[Vol. 4, p. 104.] As the Vessel the Flower of Guelder, 
of which Wouter Van Twiller is the owner or at least 
the man supposed to have loaded it, had in a clandestine 
manner received some casks with powder, so has it been 
followed and finally arrested by the Custom house officers 
at the instant of its intended departure from the Texel, 
of which a gentle bleeding has been the consequence to 
the proprietors, but Wouter Van Twiller pretended ig- 
norance, so that the skipper and his mate, paid the reck- 
oning. We doubt not or more articles of contraband are 
concealed in this vessel, and this we did consider it proper 
that you should receive a previous information with a 



90 The Albany Records. 

view that you will command the Attorney General seri- 
ously to be on his guard at the arrival of this vessel, and 
have it examined with all rigour so that similar smugglers 
may be punished in conformity with the tenor of the pla- 
cards that others may be warned to commit similar tres- 
passes. 

6 Jan. 1653. 

[Vol. 4, p. 122.] We hope that the crops which were 
promising shall have been successfully harvested, and al- 
though we can not yet believe that those of New England 
can contemplate to come and besiege you as you seem to 
apprehend, it is nevertheless necessary to guard that 
neither grains nor other provisions in this critical period 
are wasted, as we are informed that takes place in Rens- 
selaerwyck, who employ their grain in brewing strong 
beer &c. wherefore we give you credit that you give them 
a timely warning about this abuse of the produce. 

[Vol. 4, p. 129]. We have seen with displeasure the 
pretensions of the Colony Van Rensselaerwyck, as if they 
were not holden to share in the payment of contributions 
in times of danger, not even in time of open war, we 
deem it irrelevant, unreasonable and unjust while in simi- 
lar cases no one, what privileges and exemptions he may 
have obtained can be excused as is evident from the daily 
examples in this our state what regards the ordinary ex- 
pences required for the wages of civil, ecclesiastic and 
military persons, for the construction and reparation of 
fortifications all which are intended for the maintenance 
and protection of society. It is evident, that when the 
Regalia (sovereign rights) and Revenues are insufficient 
for these purposes, then it is no more than just and equit- 
able that the inhabitants bear their share in the burthen, 
as is the established practice in every well regulated go- 
vernment and cities. 

With regard of the exaction of the tithes from the 
Colony of Rensselaerwyck we are now employed in ex- 
amining this subject, so that your Hon. may expect our 
decision by the first opportunity, 1 but as Van Twiller and 
others here pretend that many tracts in that district 
should be privileged with immunities from the tithes so 



The Albany Records. 91 

we have deemed it necessary to recommend your Hon. 
the inquiry at the Secretary's office, confiding that Thien- 
hoven shall be able to procure you the best information 
about it, and we desire that your Hon. will send us as 
soon as possible pertinent and distinct lists of all the 
tracts of land which from the beginning till this day may 
have been granted and more especially upon what con- 
ditions that we may not err in our conduct. 

[Vol. 4, p. 133.] We will believe that your Hon. acted 
with prudence in not publishing and affixing those pro- 
clamations which were printed here and related to lands 
and lots, and we are resolved to leave it for the present in 
its actual state. But which we recommended about the 
determination of the limits between the Colony of Rens- 
selaerwyck and Fort Orange ought in our opinion not to 
have been delayed, as our intention had for its basis equity 
yea even liberty. 

Amsterdam 18 May 1654. 

What relates to your question in what manner it is 
proper for you to act with regard to these lands situated 
beyond the precinks of said colony if it is advisable to 
offer these to the Patrons or Co Directors it seems to us 
that it answers itself, as if said persons on the General 
Statute by which everyone may obtain lands to settle and 
cultivate these, no reason can be given why they should 
be excluded from this privilege but if they from the other 
side intended to occupy these lands as Patrons and incor- 
porate these under that title with their colony, then these 
lands can not be granted them. 

We understand meanwhile with a sensible pleasure that 
the Inhabitants of Fort Orange with those of Rensselaer- 
wyck converse together in friendship and cultivate be- 
tween them harmony and correspondence. 



We acknowledge that the situation of the country 
above the fort Orange was quite otherwise described to us 
as your Hon. has delineated it wherefore we give up our 
opinion and adopt the plan which your Hon. proposed t& 

[Annals iv.] 9 



92 The Albany Records. 

erect a Fort, even if it were only a redoubt or block- 
house, your reasons are solid, convincing so that we need 
not to recommend its execution, only mentioning that in 
all other places where it may be required to intimate pos- 
session, signals ought to be erected bearing the arms of 
their High Might., and those of the company. 

[Vol. 4, p. 165.] We renew our recommendation that 
the limits between the Colony of Rensselaerwyck and Fort 
Orange as soon as may be are finally determined, and 
although we prefer yet to hold our final resolve with re- 
gard to the tithes of said Colony rather in suspense till 
some individuals have actually paid these, as the company 
is in the possession of receiving these tithes, yet we will 
say so much that your Hon. when he exacts any new 
taxes, may in such a case levy on said Colony en masse 
such a sum for one year, as may be considered a just pro- 
portion to what is paid by other individuals for houses, 
lands and cattle, which sum is to be collected at the sta- 
ted term, and in case of noncompliance, obtained by way 
of execution. 

[Vol. 4, p. 211-12-13.] We have seen with great dis- 
pleasure, that your Hon. contrary to our resolution of 
15 Feb., 1655, on the petition of the Portuguese Jews, has 
interdicted them the trade on Fort Orange and the South 
River, so too the purchase of real estate which is permit- 
ted them in this country without any difficulty. We 
could have wished that this had not happened, but that 
our orders which henceforward you shall have to obey 
had been executed with more respect. The Portuguese 
Jews nevertheless, can not exercise any trade, or establish 
retail stores no more there than they are permitted in this 
city, but they ought not in any manner to be disturbed in 
their commerce, and may peaceably exercise their religion 
in their own houses, for which end they must be allowed to 
build their houses together on a convenient spot at the 
one or the other side of New Amsterdam at their own 
choice, as they have done in this city. 



The Albany Records. 93 

We are not surprised nay rather coincide with your 
Hon. in the opinion that it shall be difficult, if at all prac- 
ticable from what has happened with the Indians, by 
which many Inhabitants in the country have been re- 
duced to poverty to exact the general laud tax, with that 
on neat cattle at this moment, more so while neither the 
Inhabitants of the Colony of Rensselaerwyck, or those in 
the village of Beverwyck, who have suffered nothing by 
the late hostilities, can not be induced either by our admo- 
nitions or your persuasions to submission, wherefore we 
have resolved to command you to act again with lenity 
and moderation, nevertheless to exact this payment from 
said Colony and village without coining to extremities till 

you receive our farther orders. 

* 

[Vol. 4, p. 216.] We inclose here the invoice of the 
last arrived ship, New Amsterdam, from whose margin 
you can discover the fraudulent transactions of the Col- 
lector Adriaen Van Thienhoven, and the immense quantity 
of merchandise whose weight or measure has been falsi- 
fied, through which it happened that we are prosecuted. 

[Vol. 4, p. 217.] He who only will reflect upon his last 
transaction with the savages, shall acknowledge that he 
being deeply intoxicated, was the prominent cause of that 
doleful massacre. It is evident that he (Van Thienho- 
ven) might have prevented it it' he with prudence and dis- 
cretion had warned the country people or called in season 
for assistance which your Hon. ought to know better 
than we can inform him about it. We are therefore 
greatly surprised that you can plead his cause in such a 
manner which has indeed greatly displeased us, which 
displeasure must increase, if against our instruction and 
order you should have employed said Van Thienhoven at 
the one or other opportunity. 

[Vol. 4, p. 219.] What regards the alterations in plac- 
ing a beaver on /6 [$2'40] in lieu of /8 [3'20] and 
sea want, in lieu of 6 at 8 a stuyver; this appears to us a 



94 The Albany Records. 

topic which deserves our serious consideration, and we de- 
layed thus our final decision till the next spring. 

******** 

What regards the collection of tithes and other taxes 
in the Colony of Rensselaerwyck, we will consider this 
point a little longer, and communicate to you our inten- 
tion in the spring, while you must endeavor to execute it 
in conformity to the proposal made 27 Jan., 1656. 

[Vol. 4, p. 222.] We intended to have sent by this op- 
portunity upon the petitions of the Inhabitants of Fort 
Orange, and the villages Beverwyck a Bell for their 
new 'constructed church at the same time two others for 
the villages Midtwout and Heemstede. But as these are 
not made for sale beforehand, and the shortness of time 
would not permit that it now might be effected so till 
these may be expected together in the next spring. 

[Vol. 4, p. 233.] In this vessel is sent a small bell, 
which had been solicited by the Inhabitants of Fort Or- 
ange and the village of Beverwyck, to adorn their new 
constructed little church [Klokje Kerkje]. Whereas the 
25 Beavers which were brought hither by Dirck Jans 
Croon were greatly damaged, while he intended to defray 
from their sale the payment of a pulpit, and by which 
misfortune this sum was not sufficient, so we listened to 
his persuasion and advanced him /75, [$30] with a 
view to inspire that society with a more ardent zeal. 
What regards the two other small bells for the villages 
Mitwout and Heemstede, these too shall ere long be ready 
and be sent in the first vessels. 

[Vol. 4, p. 239] May 26, 1657. We have engaged here 
for your assistance as Counsellor, John De Decker, before 
Collector at Fort Orange. As we have observed from 
time to time that the finances of the Company go back- 
ward, so we have peculiarly committed their care to said 
Decker, for which he shall receive, beside the /50 as 
counsellor, /25 per month, and / 200 annually for his 
boarding. 



The Albany Records. 95 

[Vol. 4, p. 247.] The satisfaction which the Inhabitants 
of Fort Orange and the village of Beverwyck have shewn 
at the administration and direction of the Counsellor La 
Montagne induce us to continue him for the present as 
collector and vice Director. 

[Vol. 4, p. 256.] We hear with regret that the colony 
of Rensselaerwyck does persevere in their uncouth notions 
and can not by any means whatever be persuaded to pay 
the tithes or any other taxes which is so unreasonable 
and can not be indulged in for the dreadful unavoidable 
consequences. It is our wish that you will make one ef- 
fort more and by an obstinate refusal to compel them in 
compliance by execution. 

[Vol. 4, p. 287J We have been pleased with the com- 
position about ine tithes in which you entered among 
others with the Colony of Rensselaerwyck so that we 
shall not make the least alteration in it even if the Dele- 
gates of said colony addressed themselves to us, to whose 
entreaties we would not in such a case pay any regard but 
maintain the agreement which you concluded with the 
colonists, and whereas the company's interest is deeply 
engaged in this affair, so is your Hon. seriously recom- 
mended to pursue the same method from time to time. 

[Vol. 4, p. 301.] (25th April, 1659.) Since we dis- 
patched our last letter of 13 Feb. by the vessels the Truth 
and the Otter we received from the Patroon and Directors 
of the colony of Rensselaerwyck a remonstrance which 
is filled with various complaints of a similar nature as 
former ones with the only addition of their griefs about 
the exaction of the tithes and the imposed duties on the 
wines and beer which are consumed in the Colony of 
Rensselaerwyck. We reconsidered upon these two last 
points what has passed in June 1656 between you and 
John Baptista Rensselaer and approve your answer on 
that remonstrance. We could have wished, that you had 
not enlarged so much on the burthen of the Patroon and 
Directors in the maintenance of their servants. So too 
Sir! that you had left out the words "or by impartial &c." 
while by these you seem to favour in some measure the 
uncouth pretexts of these men, as if they could free them- 



96 The Albany Records. 

selves of paying the tythes when the provided in the sala- 
ry of their clergymen especially so if the decision was left 
to impartial judges in which they have often tried to suc- 
ceed. But we can not discover one solid reason why we 
should comply with this demand neither deem it at pre- 
sent prudent and serviceable to the company's interests, 
which otherwise could not dread such an investigation 
while she herself has many grounds of complaint against 
the Patroon and Directors, on which we in time intend to 
demand satisfaction, which points together with the pro- 
visional answer given by us on their remonstrance we 
have transmitted to your Hon. with the request that you 
may communicate your opinion upon to us, and reflect if 
you have yet any thing else to the charge of the Patroon 
and Directors. We can not discover from the privileges 
and exemptions to which they constantly appeal, that we 
should not have preserved the right and authority to ap- 
point a sheriff in that colony, wherefore we command 
you to appoint and qualify a proper person to that office. 

We would nevertheless give your Honour in serious 
consideration, with a view to give the least possible of- 
fence if it would not be proper to reappoint the present 
sheriff Swart, who shall not hesitate in his compliance as 
he before took his oath to the company, provided said sher- 
iff in such a case should receive his instruction and com- 
mission from your hands in the name of the company as 
the supreme Patrons and Souverains under their High 
Might, the States General. If you approve this then you 
may proceed, or even in any other proper manner as you 
should consider yet more advisable, and take hold of the 
first favorable opportunity to execute this measure, while 
you are further recommended to continue with the exac- 
tion and collecting of the tithes and other duties in said 
colony, as usual till you receive contrary orders. 

[Vol. 4, p. 317.] All unnecessary expences are to be 
avoided, costly undertakings ought to be delayed till the 
purse is swollen. In this manner might in our opinion 
have been delayed the building of the house in Fort 
Orange by the collector La Montagne which shall no 
doubt cost a great sum to the company. 



The Albany Records. 97 

[Vol. 4, p. 318.] We have no objection to the appoint- 
ment and salary of the sheriff of Rensselaerwyck and 
authorize you to grant him the same salary which he ob- 
tained before from said colony, which in our opinion can 
not be but moderate because similar officers chiefly de- 
pend on their fines and penalties. 

[Vol. 4, p. 331.] We observe in regard to the views of 
the English, who it seems are contemplating to make a 
settlement not upon the north river about the Wapping 
Creek, but at no great distance above Fort Orange, by 
which they might be eventually enabled to intercept our 
Beaver trade. Your Hon's. reasons are so irresistible and 
the example how we have been dealt with by that nation 
on the Fresh Water* River so impressive and instructive 
that they must not be permitted to make any encroach- 
ment whatever upon us. If this however happened with- 
out our knowledge in a clandestine manner, then your 
Hon. ought to dislodge them directly, by friendly persua- 
sion if they will listen to it or by force if they should 
make resistance. 



( 98 ) 

THE CITY RECORDS. 

1699 TO 1705.* 



Att a Mayor's Court, held in Albany the "22d of Aug. 
1699: Present, Hend. Hanse, mayor; Jan Janse 
Bleeker, recorder; Johannis Cuyler, Jan Vinhagen, 
Albert Ryckman, aldermen. 

Elizabeth y 6 widow of Wouter Utthoft produces the ac- 
count of charges for y 6 funerall &c. of Jan Verbeek, 
amounting to/286, whereto y 6 Recorder Jan Janse Bleeker 
and Albert Ryckman, aldermen, are appointed to revise 
y e same and to make returne y e next court day. 



Att a meeting of y Justices in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 
y e 22d of August, 1699 -.Present, Hend. Hanse, Jan 
Janse Bleeker, Dirk Wessels, Joh. Cuyler, Jan Vin- 
hagen, Albert Ryckman, Gen-it Teunise, Dirk Teu- 
nise, justices. 

Whereas on y 6 18th instant y e second warrant was is- 
sued to y e Constable of Catskill or Coxhacky. to summon 
y e following persons, viz: Dirk Teunise, Jan Albertse & 
Jacob Casperse, to appear here this day, Gerrit & Dirk 
Teunise and Jan Bronk only appearing hitherto, and still 
doe fynde Jan Albertse and Jacob Casperse to be absent, 
not knowing whether y 6 Constable has served y e s d war- 
rant, therefore can not so timely give Return to y e Left. 
Governour and Councill's order as was required. 



Att a Common Councill held in Albany this 10th day 
of Octobr, 1699: Present, Hend. Hanse, mayor; J. 
J. Bleeker, recorder ; Hend. Van Rensselaer, Jan Vin- 
hagen, Joh. Cuyler, Albert Rykman, Joh. Bleeker, 
Ev. Wendell, Joh. Mingael, aldermen. 

Capt. Kiliaen van Rensselaer gelieft to betalen aen V. E. 

* See Annals, vol. 3, pp. 7 to 56. 




The City Records. 

Breeder Hend. van Rensselaer, 't gene gij nogh schudligtT 
zyt in stads boek, volg: acccordatie voor desen 

Restant, / 102 

Idem by accordatie 28 Dec. 1698 440 

Samen 13:11 tot slot van V. E. Rek. 

Pr. Vosburgh & Jan Tysen. 

Betaelt aen Mr. Hend. Rensselaer of toonder deser 

de restant van tax by Mr. Jan Becker, salg. . . . / 140:18 

Idem by Antho. Brad van een accordatie, .... 448 : 5 

Id vander Laeste, accord. 28 Dec., '98, 45 : 

Samen 15 : 17 : 1 tot slot van V.E. Rek. tot den 14 Oct., 
1698, aldus in Albany desen 10 October '99. N. B. Inge- 
vallen de debiteurs eenige pretentie mogten maken tegen 
eenige der voorsz posten sulx sal als dan d' Commonality 
moeten bevorderen. 

Was getekent, HEND HANSE, Mayor. 

JAN VINHAGE, alderm. 
JOH. BLEEKER, asst. 

Nov. 14, 1699. It is resolved by y c Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonality, that y e highways and bridges within 
y e limitts of y e citty shall be repared, and thereto is ap- 
pointed Luykas Gerritse, Joh. Thomase & G l van Ness, 
who are to inspect therein and order y e same to be Re- 
pared, and cause account of y e charges to be given in to Mr. 
Mayor, which they are in no ways to omitt. 

It is further ordered that the sheriff shall give warning 
to y e Carmen not to Ride for y e Inhabitants without they 
have obtained y Mayor's licence. 

Nov. 21. It is resolved by the Mayor, Recorder, Alder- 
men & Assistants, that a tax of three hundred load fyre 
wood be laid and assessed upon y e Inhabitants of this 
Citty, for the suppley of y e Blockhouses, and that war- 
rants be issued to y e assessors to make their assessments 
and to deliver the same to Mr. Mayor in the space of 
twice twenty-four hours ensueing y e date. 

It is further Resolved that y e Blockhouses on y e Plain 
be repaired upon y 6 Citty charges. 



100 The City Records. 

Att a Mayors Court held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
this 27th of November, 1699. 

Johannis Cuyler, attorney for Cornelis Swart, doth ap- 
pear, still desiring the summe of fifty shillings of y e Estate 
of JanVerbeek deceased maybe allowed to defray part of 
an obligation signed by said Verbeek to y e aforesaid Cor- 
nelis Swart, dated y e 13th Sept., 1695. The Court are of 
opinion that it be Referred till one year and six weeks be 
expired ensueing y e decease of said Jan Verbeek, which 
was on y e 4th March last, and all such persons as doe pre- 
tend to said Estate shall give in thare accounts before the 
expiration of y c aforesaid time. 



Att a Common Councill held in Albany y e 29th Nov., 
1699: Present, Pr. van Brugh, mayor; Jan Janse 
Bleeker, recorder; Joh. Schuyler, Da. Schuyler, Joh. 
Roseboom, Albert Ryckman, Wessel ten Brook, alder- 
men; Jacobus Turke, Hend. Oothout, Joh. Bleeker, 
Luy. Gerritse, Ger 1 van Ness, Joh. Mingael, ass'ts. 
The Gentlemen of the Common Council were convened 
by the Mayor, to consult about y e freeing y e Citty of y e 
charge of maintaining two Blockhouses with fireing this 
winter; since y 6 Inhabitants who have been so much im- 
poverished by y* 3 late war think it a hardship to find y e 
Souldiers firewood in peaceable times, and therefore think 
y l y e fourteen men y l lye in y south Blockhouse may be 
lodged in his Majesties fort. Whereupon Coll. ScLuyler 
and Mr. Livingston, members of his Majesties Councill, 
were sent for, for their advice, as also Capt. James Weems 
y c commandant. 

And after the matter was debated it was concluded y l 
if y e fort could receive y e s d 14 men it would be a great 
ease to y Citty, and for y e main guard y e Common Coun- 
cill would take care to establish a Ratle Watch for this 
winter. 

The Mayor and Aldermen and Commonality being 
morally assured y l y e s d 14 men can be lodged in y e fort 
without disturbance to those already garrisoned there are 
of opinion y l y e men lyeing in y* South Blockhouse be 
removed to y 6 Fort, with beds and bedsteads, and y e 



The City Records. 101 

guard drawn of y 6 main guard, where they will put a 
Ratle Watch, and Capt. Weems told the Gentlemen he 
would draw off y e guard, and double y e guard in y* Fort, 
and would use all his endeavors to ease y e Citty, and 
would goe up and see; but withal told the Gentlemen y l 
he believed Mr. Hend. Hanse, late mayor, who has y e 
furnishing of y 6 forts wood will think it a hardship. 
Whereupon y 6 Common Councill say y l if he declines y e 
furnishing y* fort with firewood, they will undertake it for 
y 6 same price he has. 

Conditien waerop de Mayer, Aldennens & Commonality 
van voornemens zyn de Ratelwagh te besteeden aen John 
Rateliffe en Robert Barret, voor den tydt van een jaer 
ingangh nemende qp huyden de 29th November 1699, en 
eyndigen de 29 November, 1700. De voorsz. twee per- 
sonen nemen aen om beyde te half negene alle avonden 
op de main guard te syn & daer de geheele naght te bly- 
ven alwaer, sy vuyr maken sullen de hout op stadts kosten 
gelevert te worden, en alle uren in den naght sullen zy de 
ronde doen met een lantheeren als het donker weer is. 
dat is een van de twee personen beginnende te 10 uyre 
savonts en so alle ure tot dat de dagh naekt, eff light be- 
gint te worden sullende alle oogen blyken off yder corte 
spatie roepen de uyr van de nacht als mede wat voor 
weder en wint dattel is en de ronde die sy doen moeten 
alle uyres is als volght: Sy sullen beginnen aen de main 
guard en so de Brower straet langhs tot aen de brugh by 
Coll. Schuylers, weder daer van daen de Jonnker straet 
langhs tot aen de hoek van Johannis de Wandelaers en 
dan de Bergh langhs tot aen Alderman Job. Roseboom, 
en dan in de Parrel straet, en die straet langhs tot aeti de 
hoek by Gysbert Marselessen, en so de straet daer Bries 
woont aff nae de maingard. 

Wanneer hy eenigh brant sien (dat Godt verhoede), off 
enigh dievery plegen off andere onheyle op de straet, 
snaghts sy sullen allarm ratelen en roepen. cloppende de 
naeste buyre op haer bekent makende van d onheyle. 

Voor welke dienst d voorsz. twee personen hebben 
bedongen 's jaerlijks voor haer beyde, de summa van twee 
en twentigh Pont sixteen schillings, currant gelt, om be- 



102 The City Records. 

taelen te syn alle vieren deel 's jaers door stadts trea 
surer, en 80 vueren hout om aen de maingard 's jaerlyks 
gelevert werden dogh indien het moghte gebueren dat 
gedurende haer Jaer een Militare waght mochte gestelt 
syn, so sullen zy betaelt worde nae de proportie van die 
tydt dat se gedient hebbe, sullende haer dienst met het 
waken ophouden en neder ingaen als de militare waght 
op hout. 

NOTE. The purport of the above is, that John Rateliffe and 
Robert Barrett were appointed a night watch for one year; who 
were to patrol the streets every night from ten o'clock to day- 
light, with a lantern and a rattle; beginning at the guard house 
they were to proceed along Brewer street to the bridge, at Col. 
Schuyler's, from thence through Yonker street to Johannes de 
Wandelaer's corner, and then along the hill to Alderman Johan- 
nes Roseboom's, and thence through Pearl street to Gysbert 
Marselis's corner, and then through the street where Bries lived 
back to the guard house. When they saw fire, or thieves, or 
any other mischief, they were to raise an alarm. For which , 
service they were to receive 22 : 16, or about $28 each, for the 
year. 

Dec. 6, 1699. It is resolved that a Tax of 80 load 
fyrewood be laid and assessed upon y 6 Inhabitants of this 
Citty for the supply of y e Ratle watch, and that a warrant 
be issued to y c assessors to make an assessment thereof, 
and make return under hand and seale to Mr. Mayor in 
y 6 space of twice twenty-four hours ensuing this date. 
As also to make an assessment upon the Inhabitants 
aforesaid for y 6 summe of thirty pounds, and make return 
of y c same, in y e space as afore expressed unto Mr, Mayor. 

Dec. 12, 1699. Whereas several complaints are made 
that y e Indian house standing on y e hill on y e south side ' 
of y e Mohogg Path, are dayly broak off and y e planks sto- 
len, wherefore y e sheriff, Thomas Williams, is appointed 
to care to hinder such irregular doings, and to repair the 
said house and y oyrs, arid be kept account thereof till 
further order, wherefore he is allowed y summe of thirty 
shillings to be paid by all such persons within this Citty 
as doe make profession in Indian trade, and further all 
such person or persons as are founde breaking or taking 
away of any y e planks from said house or houses, shall 
be fined in y summe of six shillings. 



The City Records. 103 

Whereas complaints are made that y 6 Citty Stockadoes 
near ye fort are dayly cutt by the soldiers lyeing therein, 
it is therefore resolved that ald'n David Schuyler and 
Jacobus Turke assistant, doe make inquire of y matter, 
who return y e following Report, that they acquainted the 
commander of said fort thereof, and desyred the meaning 
whether it was done willingh r or out of necessity, who 
replyed that Hend. Hanse, who as he believed was obliged 
to furnish good fyrewood, had delivered none else than 
young green pine for one months time, whereby he said 
y 6 gentlemen might judge if it was not for want ; notwith- 
standing since last Saturday when he first heard of y e 
cutting of s d stockadoes, he strictly discharged it. 

Request of Mrs* Cathaleen Schuyler to plead, whereby 
she desyred y e quantity of 14 foot grounde on y 6 north of her 
Lott in y e third warde near to y 6 Blockhouse may be sold 
to her, being willing to pay y e summe of 15s for each foot, 
which y 6 Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty took in con- 
sideration, and putt it to y c vote, who are most of opinion 
that it will be prejudicial! to y Citty, since it will reach 
too near y c Citty stockadoes, therefore doe not consent. 

It is further Resolved, according to former Custome,. 
yt ye following persons, Maj. Dirk Wessels, Recorder Jan 
Janse Bleeker, and Jacobus Turke assistant, shall inspect 
peruse and make up the account of y 6 Citty and Countyes 
charges for y 6 late year by the treasurer, and make re- 
turn thereof next Tuesday, which will be y e 19 of y 6 inst. 

Mr. Jan Vinhagen and Mr. Joh. Cuyler being committed 
by y rest of y e Elders and Deakens of y e Dutch Reformed 
Church of y e Citty of Albany, doe request y 6 Mayor, Al- 
dermen and Assistants of y e s d Citty, that instead of y e 
25 Rodd of Land &c. from y e south side of y e Beavers 
Creek, which was sold by y c Commonality of s d Citty on 
y e 29 Novr, 1698, now may be transported all y 6 Cittyes 
Land ony c south of said Creek to y 6 bounds of y 6 Manor of 
y 6 Colony Rensselaerswyk, to begin from y 6 bounds of y e 
heirs of Capt. Marten Gerritse deceased, and ends at y 6 
westermost part of y 6 dam or pond, and from thence about 
south soweast to y e bounds of s d manner, and so downe 
east warde, includeing all y e right of said Citty on y 6 south. 

[Annah iv.] 10 



104 The City Records. 

side of said kill, as aforesaid, and that theretofore was 
sold and now shall be agreed for together, be included in 
a second transport for y 6 behooffe of said Church ; where- 
upon it was further agreed by y e Common Councill with 
y e said Vinhagen and Cuyler, y l y e conveyance as afore- 
mentioned shall be made forthwith. And y l y e Elders 
and Deakens for y c time being shall pay more unto y e 
Commonality for y e time being y e summe of seven pounds 
tenn shillings currant money of this Province, to witt 
four pounde by y 6 eight pound which shall be due y e 31st 
of December next, and three pounds ten shillings by y*" 
four pound due y e last of December, 1700. 

N. B. Received from y e Elders and Deakens aforesaid, 
on y 6 30th December 1699, the summe of twelve pounds 
to witt y e eight and four pounds as aforementioned. N. B. 
Y e 3:10 & 4:4 resigned by y e Mayor, Alder'n & Com- 
monality to Joh. Cuyler, to be received when due, to witt, 
on y e last of December 1700, being in full between y e s d 
Commonality and y 6 Elders and Deakens aforesaid. 



Att a meeting of y e Justices of y e Citty and County of 
Albany, y e 28th of December, 1699 -.Present, Pieter 
van Brugh, Jan Janse Bleeker, Joh. Schuyler, David 
Schuyler, Joh. Roseboom, Albert Ryckman, Dirk 
Wessels, Gerrit Teunise, Ryer Schermerhorn, Jan 
Casperse, Jan Tyse, Pieter Vosburgh, Casper Leen- 
dertse, Justices. 

Whereas y e assessors of Kinderhook lately hath as- 
sessed the Island of Barent Pieterse Coeymans, called 
Shallers Island, which doth not belong to their precink, 
although so collected and received to y e late tax 3^ summe 
often guilders without orders. It is therefore resolved 
that y same be restored, whereto y e Justices of Kinder- 
hook, Jan Tyse and Pieter Vosburgh doe promise to re- 
turn y e s d summe of money into y e hands of Barent Pie- 
terse Coeymans, so that y e s d Barent Coeymans may pay 
his Tax in Catskills warde, according to order. 

After y e Justices have vizited y c City and Countys ac- 
count of arrearages from the 14th of October 1698 to the 
14th of October 1699, have concluded, agreed and doe 
promise to contribute thereunto as follows, viz 1 . 



The City Records. 105 

Citty of Albany, 
Cattskill and Coxhacky, 
Kinderhook, - 
De Colony, 
Schennechtady, 
And to James Parker, viz 1 . 

From Catskill &c., - 0:12s 

Kinderhook, - 12s 

Colony, - - - 12s 

Schuyler, ... 12s 

2:8 

And it is further resolved that y 6 above summes of 
money shall be paid unto the Citty Treasurer at or before 
y 6 first of March mext ensueing. 



Att a Common Councill held in y* Citty of Albany y* 
6th of January, If f|. 

Whereas complaints are made y l y 6 high wayes and 
bridges of y e Citty are out of repair, it is therefore tho't 
convenient y l y e following person be appointed to see the 
same orderly made upon y 6 Citty's costs, to witt, Luykas 
Gerritse, and y l in space of four days ensuing this date. 



Att a Court of Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 

held in Albany this 9th day of January, 1$%%. 
Whereas on 28th of December last, the Justices of the 
County have contributed to the Citty and County's ar- 
rearages from y e 14th of October 1698, to y 6 14th of Oc- 
tober, 1699, as follows: 

Y e Colony, - 6 

Catskill & Coxhacky, - - 18 

Kinderhoek, - - 18 

Shennechtady, 

Which is distributed as follows; To Maj. Dirk Wes- 
sels the 6 due from the Colony aforesaid ; to Mr. Liv- 
ingston y 6 18 from Coxhacky and Catskill; to Recorder 
Bleeker and Hend. Hanse assemblyman y e 18 from Kin- 
derhoek. 



106 The City Records. 

Att a meeting of the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Justices of y e Citty and County of Albany, y e 23d of 
January. 1 -. 

Whereas severall persons of y e Citty and County are 
gone to cutt pine trees within y e County of Albany, and 
since a proclamation from y 6 Governour and Council 
bearing date y c 22d of September last is published here at 
Albany, which doth prohibite and restraine all persones 
upon any score or pretence whatsoever, from cutting 
downe, girdling, takeing off y e bark, or otherwise hurting 
or destroying any pine trees standing on any unappropri- 
ated land within y e county aforesaid, that shall be of 
greater magnitude than six foot round, wee therefore 
command you where you find any persone or persones 
so cutting, girdling, taking off y c bark, hurting or destroy- 
ing any pine trees standing on any unappropriated Land 
within this county upwards of y e bigness as aforemen- 
tioned, to forbid y e same, and to seize upon all such trees, 
loggs as you shall fynde so cutt downe. 
To the Sheriffe of y e Citty & 

County of Albany, or his deputyes. 

Att a meeting of y e Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
Council held in y e Citty Hall of Albany, y e 23d of 
January, l${ft. 

The request of Cornelis Bogardus by y c mouth of Mr. 
Will de Meyer to be admitted a schoolmaster for y c Citty 
is taken in consideration and unanimously doe graunt y e 
same, as also a freeman of this Citty upon his arrival 1. 

Jan. 20. Whereas a Letter directed to Col. Peter 
Schuyler from Canada from y e Jesuit Bruas, who when 
ambassador here last summer to my Lord Bellomont, 
bought any horses here in this country, which at their de- 
parture from hence to home were left here, and now de- 
syreing Coll. Schuyler to direct said horses by y e bearers 
c. Christian Indians, which Letter Coll. Schuyler pro- 
duces to y e meeting, desyreing their advice therein, since 
a prohibition is made against transportation of horses to 
Canada; whereupon it is put to y e vote, and most of 
opinion that it is not in their power to allow y e same ; 



The City Records. 107 

but that they must make application to y 6 Governor and 
Councill. 

It is resolved by y 6 Commonality, that y 6 following 
persons be admitted Citty Carters, viz 1 . Robert Barret, 
Joseph Yeates, Edward Corbett, and Thomas Millington, 
Provided they obtain a license from Mr. Mayor, and 
thought that there requires six Carts for y c use of y e Citty 
so that there is two places open for such persons as y 6 
Mayor shall think meett and fitt for y e service, and that no 
other cart shall Ride for y e publick but those who have 
Lycense, upon forfeit of six shillings after y 6 first warning. 
Feb. 11. Upon y 6 Report of y 6 Gentlemen who 
were appointed to calculate what quantity of Stockadoes 
are wanting to jepair y e Citty Walls. It is Concluded 
that a warrant be issued to y e assessors of this Citty, to 
make an assessment upon y e Inhabitants of this Citty for 
two hundred and fifty Stockadoes, and make their return 
to Mr. Mayor, in y 6 space of three times four and twenty 
hours ensueing this date. 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 5th of March, If {$. 

Upon y 6 Request of Mr. Joh. Cuyler and Evert Banker, 
Deakens of y e Reformed Church of Albany, who produce 
an account to y e charge of Ger 1 & Ryseck Swart deceased, 
with the severals which they have given in pand to y 6 
Deakens of s d Church, desyreing that they may be ap- 
praised with y s other Moveables founde after their decease, 
and allowed to discharge said account, which amounts to 
/ 2229: 10 wampum; which y e Court have taken into con- 
sideration, and doe appoint Mr. Killiaen Van Rensselaer 
and Jacobus Turke to make an appraisement of s d Estate 
and return report thereof y 6 next Court Day. 

March 19. The petition of Jan Casperse, ad'r over 
y 6 estate of Wm. Hoffmeyer, being read, who sheweth 
y 1 an order was signed by y 6 Mayor and Aldermen of y e 
Citty of Albany aforesaid, dated y e 18th of Feb. 16?, 
to move and break downe four several houses then close 
by s d Citty, whereof y e house of s d Hoffmayer was one, 
and to that end six persons were appointed, Pr. Winne 



108 The City Records. 

deceased, Pr. Bogardus, Win. Clase Groesbeek, Harma 
Gansevoort, and Jan Cornelise Viselaer and D. Bousing, 
first to agree with y 6 owners, otherwise to appraise y 6 
same. Desyreing if y c persons appointed as aforesaid 
hath not already performed their duty, that they may be 
ordered forthwith to agree with y 6 petitioners to calculate 
y 6 same. The Court having taken y e matter into consi- 
deration, and examined William Claese Groesbeek, Har- 
me Gansefort and Jan Cornelise Viselaer, as afore ap- 
pointed, who declare they know nothing of such an order, 
neither have they ever seen it. It is therefore referred 
till next Court day, and that the two persons wanting 
who were appointed as aforesaid, in y e mean time may be 
heard. 

In pursuant to y e order of Court dated y e 5th of y c in- 
stant, wee underwritten have appraised y 6 pand effects 
which Ryseck Swart widow of Gerrit Swart deceased, in 
her life time hath delivered and left to y e dyakens of y* 
Church of Albany, y e Garden Lott upon y e Plain, accord- 
ing to transport from y 6 Mayor, dated y e 16 November, 
1686, included for y e sum of/ 644 : 10 wampum. And y & 
remaining moveables for y e stimme of /724. Was signed 

H. VAN RENSSELAER, 
JACOB TUKKE. 

The Court have taken ye same into consideration and 
doe confirm y 6 Pand effects with y e Garden Lott, as by 
Transport dated as aforesaid, to y* 3 deakens for y 6 behooffe 
of y e Church of Albany, and y 1 credit shall be given for 
y* same ; and doe appoint Mr. Johannes Cuyler & Evert 
Banker administrators over y 6 remaining /"724 gelders 
wampum, to administer y e same according to la\\ r with 
administration, 

April 2, 1700. In answer to y e petition of Jan Casperse 
administrator of y e Estate of Wm. Hoffmayer deceased, 
which was given in y e last Court day, by Mr. Joh. Cuyler 
his attorney, desyreing allowance for y 6 house of said 
Hoffmayer, broak down by order of Court in the year 
16f|, which was referred by y Court till further inform- 
ation, who have now examined the persons then appointed 
to agree and appraise y* same, who declare they never 
saw said order, neither have they made any appraisement 



The City Records. 109 

and agreement thereof, and are further informed by Mr. 
Hend. Hanse y 1 s d Hoffmayer in his life time lent him 
some quantity of the Timber of s d house, and afterwards 
satisfyed s d Jan Casperse for y 6 same. Are therefore of 
opinion y 1 4 of y 6 persones formerly appointed, Peter Bo- 
gardus, Harma Gansevoort, Wm Claese Groesbeek & J. 
Cornells Viselaer, be appointed and are hereby authorised 
only to appraise what y 6 costs and charges y e building or 
setting up of such a house as that was will amount to, 
when y 6 materials and timber lay ready, and that the 
Court will be assistant to y e owner if possible to procure 
s d assessment from the Governour and Councill, but as 
they are informed y e timber &c. are disposed off by y 6 
owner. 

April 16, 1700.-^This day being the 16th of April, 1700. 
Jan Verbeek deceased, the year and six weeks being ex- 
pired, and no creditor appears but Cornelise Swart, by 
his attorney Johannis Cuyler, the Court are of the opin- 
ion that the fyftie shillings demanded the 17th of October 
last shall be allowed to the fores d Cornells Swart, as also 
the remaining nine shillings of the moveable Estate be 
allowed to Rob 1 Livingston Jr., deputy clarke. 

There is a Complaint come to us by several creditable 
persons that Barent Albertsen Bratt is about the inclose- 
ing the King's highway lying at the bake side of the 
maine guard, wee doe order the Sheriffe to goe to him 
and prohibit him from any further proceedings. 

April 30, 1700. About 6 a clock this morning the corps 
of Abraham Nikels Allgas the Pooll was found dead in his 
Canoe at the first sprout above the Mill. Pr. Vanbrugh 
Mayor and Corner of the Citty and County of Albany did 
call a jury of 12 men as the law directs. 

Lukas Gerretseu, foreman, Joha. Thomase,. 
David Ketlem. Anthony Bratt v 

Johannis Beekman, Walter V. Zea, 

Rynier Mynderse, Jona. Broodhost, 

Warner Kartsen, Thomas Harmen, 

Pr. Waldrum, Evert Janse. 

Who brings in thar verdict, that they found the Corpse of 
Abra. the Poole stark dead, and having vizited his naked 



110 The City Records. 

bodie have found no hurt or bruise upon his body, and 
give thar judgment that hee died a natural death. 



By the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the Citty 
of Albany. 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas Complaint is made by the Sheriff of the Citty 
of Albany that several Inhabitants doe not observe the 
former orders dated the 13th day of August, 1689, and 
the 16 June 1696, and the 17th June 1699, but do take 
the freedom to fetch the Indians with their packs into 
their houses, which is to the great disadvantage of his 
Majesties peace. 

1st. Wee doe therefore here in his majesty King Wil- 
liam's name publish and declare that no person or persons 
whatsoever within this Citty shall upon the arrival of any 
Indian or Indians address themselves nor speak to them 
of or concerning trade, nor shall entice them within or 
without the gates of the said Citty, by signs or other 
wayes howsoever, to trade with themselves or any other 
persons, upon paine and penalty of paying for each such 
offence, if committed without the gates of the s d Citty, the 
sume of thirty shillings ; if without the same the sum of 
six shillings only, which fine is to be for the behoof of 
such persons as shall sue for the same. 

2dly. That no person or persons within the Citty shall 
presume to take any Indian or Indians, sachems excepted, 
when by the Mayor's license, or in his absence by one of 
the Aldermen, into their houses with pack or packs of 
beavers or peltry, and so trade them, upon paine of pay- 
ing as fine for each offence thirty shillings, and the Indian 
or Indians with . said pack immediately to depart out of 
the house, without trading directly or indirectly : provided 
also that the Indians commonly called the River and Mo- 
haque Indians are free to be receaved into any person's 
house within this Citty, with their packs, any law of the 
Citty to the contrary notwithstanding. 



The City Records. Ill 

3dly. That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty shall send out or make use of any Brokers, whether 
Christian or Indian, in the management of the Indian 
trade, upon paine and penalty of paying as a fine for each 
offence the sume of thirty shillings, one moyety thereof 
for the use of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of 
the said Citty, and the other moytie for such persons as 
shall sue for the same. 

4thly. That no person or persons whatsoever within 
this Citty doe presume to trade or traffique with or by 
any means whatsoever, directly or indirectly, or intice 
any Indians soe to doe, or give any gifts upon the Sabbath 
day, upon paine and penalty of forfeiting such goods as soe 
traded for as afores d , as also upon paine and penalty of 
paying as a fine for such offence the sum of forty shillings 
to the use of such persons as shall sue for the same, and 
that this order may be the more punctually observed, it is 
ordered that the Constaples by turns on the Sabbath day 
walk the streets with their staffs, to prevent the breach of 
the Lord's day, and to hinder all manner of irregularities 
whatsoever, upon the paine and penalty of six shillings. 

Sthly. Likeways ordered that all Indians the Sachems 
and River Indians and Mohaque Indians excepted as afore- 
said, are to lye in the Indian houses without the Towne 
from the first of April to the first of December, and are 
permitted to be received in people's houses in Toune from 
the first of December to the first of April. 

Given in Albany the 30th day of April, in the twelft 
year of his Majesties reigne, anno do. 1700. 

God save the King. 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 14th day of May, 1700. 

It is concluded by y e Court and thought that the fol- 
lowing Persones are convenient and fitt to be fyre masters 
for y e Citty, and have therefore authorised Bastian Har- 
inense, William Hogen, Warner Carstense, Gysbert Mar- 
selis, Tierk Harmense, and Jonathan Bradstreet, and that 
they forthwith shall make it there business to vizite all 
chimmeleyes within this Citty, and whenever they fynde 



1 12 The City Records. 

any (inconvenient fyre places held, to break downe y 6 
same, and such chimneys as shall be found unclean, y 6 
owner to be fined in y e summe of three shillings. 

Dowe Aukas, of Schenechtady, appears at y e barr, re- 
questing y l in y 6 late warr, when Schennechtady by y 6 
Enemy was destroyed, he lost his writtings touching and 
concerning his house and lott lyeing and being here in 
Albany, between y 6 house and lott of Jacob Staets and 
William Hogen, and now having sold y e same to Jaen 
Rosie, humbly desyres y l Jacob Staets being his neighbour 
with William Hogen, may be ordered to produce their 
writtings touching these lotts whereby said Dow Aukas 
may fynde out y 6 quantity of his lott, which being put to 
y e vote, and unanimously of opinion y l said Jacob Staets 
and William Hogen to that end must produce their writ- 
tings to Dow Aukas. 

The Court adjourned till this day 14 night. 



Att a Common Couiicill held in y e Citty of Albany y 6 
14th of May, 1700. 

It is concluded and thought requisite that y 6 streets 
within this Citty be cleared, each Inhabitant before his 
door, and to remove y e fyre wood thereof, and whoever 
shall be founde driveing a wagon or cart through y 6 
streets, and y drivers not walking afoot, shall forfeit for 
each such offence y e sum of 3s, as likewise for such as 
are neglecting to clean the street, and remove the wood 
before their doors. 

It is further considered and ordered that y e Constables 
shall take their turns on y e sabbath day to prevent draw- 
ing of strong drink in tipling houses, and breaking the 
sabbath day, and whosoever shall be founde drawing of 
any strong liquor in said houses to any person, shall forfeit 
y e summe of twenty shillings for each offence. 

Hendrik Oothout appointed surveyor for y e Citty and 
sworne. 

Jacob Turke is appointed to sue the Kinderhook Jus- 
tices to y 6 next inferior Court, for y 6 arrears due to y e 
Citty. 



The City Records. 113 

May 16, 1700. Whereas Pr. Jedon and John Pettitt 
and family, both French, from Sopus. appear desyring 
liberty to passe to Canada, and that a man or two may 
be allowed to carry them thither, which is permitted, and 
thought convenient y l y e Persones 3 rt carry them thither 
shall enter into bonde that they shall transport noe horses 
or mares to Canida as y e late proclamation requires, 
whereupon David Ketelheyn and Elbert Harmense, who 
are their guides, have given bond for <100. 

Itt is concluded y f y e three Constables, each in his 
warde, shall goe rounde by each Inhabitant y l have rid 
Stockadoes for y e Citty, and order him to show y e same, 
and whoever as have not ride their quota shall pay for 
each Stockade I8d. which is to be done in the space of 
twice four and twenty hours. 

It is further concluded that after the Citty walls are 
closed, y l y 6 Constables shall take care to see that no 
Stockadoes be broak downe and wherever they fynde or 
can hear of any person y l breaks downe said Stockadoes 
shall forfeit for Stockadoe so broak downe y summe of 
6s. according to former custom, and then said Constable 
shall order Stockadoes to be sett up againe upon y e Cittics 
costs. 

May 21. It is concluded y l a warrant be given to y 
Constables, to strain all Inhabitants as have been neglect- 
ing in Riding their quota of Stockadoes for y e Citty walls, 
and y l 4 men shall be employed to sett up y 6 Stockadoes 
already Ride upon y e Cittys costs. 

May 24. It is concluded by y e authority aforesaid, 
that a Tax of one hundred pounds be laid and assessed 
upon y e Inhabitants of this Citty, and y l a warrant be is- 
sued to y e assessors of y Citty, to make their assessment 
for y 6 same, which shall be collected and received, one 
half at or before y e 15th of July next ensueing, and y e 
other halfe at or before y e 15th of September then follow- 
ing; y e assessors are to make their returns to Mr. Mayor 
in y e space of eight days ensueing y e 25th of this instant. 

June 7. Whereas on y e 24th of May last a warrant 
was directed to the assessors of this Citty, to make their 
assessment for 100 upon the Inhabitants therein, and 



114 The City Records. 

to make their return in y 6 space of eight days to Mr. 
Mayor, under hand and seale, which assessment being 
made and produced to y* 1 meeting, desyring approbation, 
but being founde not to be sealed according to order, is 
given over again to y 6 assessors and referred till Harpert 
Jacobse, Ben. van Corlaer, assessors, come home from 
New York, to the scaling thereof. 

David Schuyler and Jacobus Turke are appointed to 
inquire if there is any debts still due to Abraham Poel 
deceased, by Hend. Hanse and others, and make report 
thereof next Tuesday. 

At a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany 
y" 25th June, 1700. 

John Carr Plaintiff, William Ketelheyn Deft, in y e 2d 
fault. 

William Teller PL, Hend. Lansing Deft. The Plentive 
demands of y e Defendant for two years house hyre in his 
house here in Albany, the summe of nine pounds twelve. 
The Defendant denys y c Debt. 

The Petty Jury being called and sworne Johannes d. 
Wandelaer, Fredrik Harmense, John Fyne, Casper van 
Hoese, William Hogen, Abraham Prevost, John Rosie, 
Joh. Beekman, Abraham Kip, Cornelius Schermerhorn, 
Warner Carstense, Claes Ripse van Dam. 

The partyes have Composed y e matter, and agreed as 
follows, which is, that y e Defendant doth oblidge himselfe 
to pay the Plentive the summe of Three pounds Twelve 
shillings with Costs of sute &c., and thereby Dischargeing 
said Plentive from all Publick Charges, as he doth pre- 
tend to have disbursed for y e Plentive's house while in 
hyre. 

The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 

July 9th. John Carr Plentive, William Ketelheyn 
Defend. The Plentive demands of y e Defendant by De- 
claration y c summe of seven pounds four shillings and four 
pence, as per bond bearing date y e 27th of November 1699. 
The Defendant ownes y 6 debt, but Pleads that he was 
neither summoned nor arrested. The partyes have com- 
posed y e matter, and agreed in y e presence of y c honorable 



The City Records. 115 

Court that y 6 Defendant shall pay unto y e Plentive at 
or before y e 9th of Septem'r next ensueing the just summe 
of three pounds twelve shillings and two pence, without 
delay, that then y e bond given unto Plentive y 6 27th of 
November ? 99 shall be void and of no effect, otherwise to 
stand and remain in full force and virtue. 

P. Livingston Col'r, Plentive, Johannis Luykasse Def. 
The Plentive demands of the Defendant by a Request y e 
summe of 44s. for 44 gallons Rom, which they had of 
Hendrik Hanse and Retailed in y e Sinneka's Country, 
with costs of sute, &c. 

The Defendant pleads not guilty, but dcsyres it may be 
referred to y e judgment of a Jury, and since y 6 Plentive 
have submitted y e matter to y e Judgment of this Court. 

The Court are therefore of opinion that y* 1 Case be Re- 
ferred till such times y 6 said Plentive comes from New 
Yorke, who may Plaid for himselfe, being Col'r, and that 
the Costs of Sute lays wholly at the Charge of y e Plentive. 

The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 

July 23. Whereas on the 2d day of Aprill last an order 
was given to Peter Bogardus. Harme Gansevoort, William 
Claese Groesbeek, and Jan Cornelise Visselaer, to agree 
what Costs or Charges y building or setting up of such 
a house as that of William Hoffmayer deceased was (be- 
fore broak downe) with amount, and who have returned 
there Report of aprizement amounting to /336 for build- 
ing, masons, labour, loss of nails, and boards. 

The Court adjourned till this day 14th night. 

Aug. 20. Tho. Williams, Sheriffe, did make an appli- 
cation to y e Mayor and Aldermen y l there ware no Com- 
mon Geall or Prissen in -Albany, so y l he desyred y l they 
might macke a Common Geall or Pressen, and y e Mayor 
resolved to call a Common Councell upon it. 



Att a meeting of the Mayor. Recorder, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of y 6 Citty of Albany y 6 22d August 1700. 
This day came before us Bay Croesvelt by his atturney 
Johannis Cuyler and demonstrates that Geertruy Jerone- 
mus formerly widow of Jochim Wessels Backer sold to- 
y 6 s d Bay a certain house and lott of ground here in Al- 
[Annals iv.] 11 



116 The City Records. 

bany, about y 6 Church, as by Coopbrieffe or Contract 
dated y 6 26th of March, A 1683, being payd to five gelders 
in Beavers, which he is ready to pay, and since Jan Ver- 
berk and Pieter Adriaense in their lifetime securitys and 
administrators over y e Estate of s d Jochim and Geertruy 
deceased, made no conveyance thereof, it is now desyrd 
that Jan Casperse administrator of his father-in-law, Wm. 
Hoflfmayer deceased, only sone and heir of said Geertruy, 
shall make performance of said house and lott. 

Jan Casperse answered that he was not concerned with 
y 6 Estate of s d Jochim and Geertruy aforesaid. But in 
case he should become no damage/is willing to transport 
y e premises. " Says further that y e wriettings concerning 
s d house and lott lays in his hand. The Mayor, Recorder, 
Aldermen and Common Councill are of opinion y 1 y 6 afore- 
said John Casperse is y 6 nearest heir to transport y 6 afore- 
said house and lott for y e abovenamed Jochim Wessels 
and Geertruy Jeronemus his wife, both deceased. 

The Commonalty are of opinion (except y e Mayor and 
Recorder) that an addresse be given to Excellency Richard 
Earle of Bellomont, Captain Generall and Governor in 
Cheeffe of his Majesties Province of New Yorke, setting 
forth y e State and Condition of this Citty and County, 
humbly praying bis Excellency to lay y e same at his Ma- 
jesties feet, which is as follows:. 

To His Excellency Richard Earle of Bellomont, Cap 1 Gen" & 
Gov in Cheeffe of his JVlajes Province of New Yorke, MJIS- 
sakhusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Territories depending 
thereon in America, and Vice Admiral! of y e same, his 
Maj e? Lev 1 & Commander in Cheeffe of ye .Militia and of 
nil y e forces by Sen & Land within ye Colonies of Con- 
necticut, East and West Jersey, &c., and of all ye Forts 
and Places of Strength within ye same, &c. 

May it Please your Lordship: 

We have again y 6 happiness to see your Lordship in 
this place, and can not but thankfully congratulate your 
Excel's great kindness in visiting y 6 frontiers, the which 
with y greatest Concern imaginable we acquaint your 
Lordship are in a most deplorable and languishing condi- 
tion. The Citty and County of Albany has laboured un- 



The City Records. 117 

der y greatest of hardships during the late long war with 
y 6 French, when they were exposed to unexpressible dan- 
ger, being barbarously murdered, skalped, and carryed 
captives byy* French and there mercilesse Indians which 
terrifyed many of y e Inhabitants, forced them to Desert 
their Habitations, and to Remove to other parts of y e 
Province, seeing y e fronteers not so well secured as to 
Defend them from y e inroads of y 6 French and there 
skulking partyes of Indians, but were in hopes that since 
his Majesty had so graciously obtained a peace for all 
Europe by his valuor and conduct, that wee who had so 
large a share of y e miseries attending a bloody warr, would 
also Participate of y e Blessings of joyfull Peace, but to 
our greatest grieffe wee fynde our trade more Decayed 
than formerly, by reason of y 6 French and there Mission- 
aries dayly Deluding and debauching of our Indians of y e 
Five Nations from us, sometimes causing them to be kild 
by y 6 Farr Indians, and at other times seducing them to 
come and Live at Canida to be instructed in y e Christian 
faith; and where these two prevail not, they raise fac- 
tions in their Castles to take off by Poison those y l can 
not be so seduced & Deluded, by which artifices they have 
Increased y e Castle of praying Indians at Montreyall, 
which consisted of fourscouce fighting men (Indians that 
had deserted y e five nations) before y 6 last warr, but are 
now since y~ Conclusion of y* peace by y e means afores d 
increased to above 350, and dayly growing more & more, 
so that if a warr should break out between his Majesty 
andy French king, they would totally overrun these fron- 
teers and thereby facilitate their passsge to destroy Vir- 
ginia, Maryland, and the Rest of his Majesties Planta- 
tions, there method of fighting being in skulking partyes 
(as your Lordship is sufficiently informed) so y l therewith 
they may easily Enfest this whole Continent, y 6 Planta- 
tions and houses generally lying stragling, and more par- 
ticularly in Virginia and Maryland, in such manner y l it 
will be absolutely impossible for y 6 Inhabitants thereof 
to manure or cultivate their land. This will be no hard 
matter for them to doe, Considering how well the ffrench 
have fortifyed themselves ever since y e peace with more 



1 18 The City Records. 

viguor and diligence y" in any time of y e warr, having 
Continually had Supplyes of men & money from France 
to doe y e same, and what number of Indians 

[The remainder of this document was not engrossed.] 



Att a Meeting of Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Com- 
mon Council!, held in Albany this 3d day of Septem- 
ber, 1700. 

The Churchwardens of Shinnechtady doe make applica- 
tion to y e Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & Common Council!, 
desyreing t\vo persqnes to be allowed & appoynted to goe 
Rounde by y e Inhabitants of y c Citty, to see if they can 
obtain any Contribution to make up y e Sellary due to 
there Minister, Do. Freman, whilst on his voyage from 
Amsterdam to this place, they complayning not to be ca- 
pable to make out said Sellary by there own Congregation 
doe therefore desyre assistance. 

The Commonality are unanimously of opinion that 
since they are censible that s d Church wardens have not 
informed themselves what there Congregations will Com- 
ply to said Sellary, that they first goe and Visite there 
owne Congregation, and if they doe not obtain said Sellary 
by them, then to make there application to the Common- 
ality at y e next Court day. 

Sept. 21. Whereas y e Church wardens of Shennechta- 
dy doe again make application that two persons may be 
appointed to goe Round by y e Inhabitants of this Citty to 
see if they can obtain any contributions for Do. freemans 
Sellary as there Desyre on y e 3d of this Instant doth now 
at large appear. Whereupon y e Commonality have con- 
cluded and doe allow and admitt two or more of s d Church 
wardens of Shinnechtady to goe once Round for Contri- 
bution to use as aforesaid from y Inhabitants of this 
Citty and no more in y e time of the Sessions, which will 
be first and second of October next Ensuing. 

Albany y 6 14th of October, A 1700. This day being 
appointed by y Charter of y* Citty for y*" Aldermen in 
there respective Wards to make return of y 6 aldermen, as- 
sistants, assessors & constables for y e ensueing year, who 
are as follows: 



The City Records. 1 19 

First Warde. Johannis Schuyler, David Schuyler, al- 
dermen; Jacobus Turke, Hendrik Oothout, assistants;: 
Dirk "Vanderheyden, William Hogen, assessors ; Johannes 
Lansingh, constable. 

Second Warde. Johannes Roseboom, Johannes Cuyler,. 
aldermen; Luykas Gerritse, Johannes Harmense, assist- 
ants ; Isaak Verplank, Pieter Mingael, assessors ; Mathias 
Nack, constable. 

Third Warde. Wessel ten Broek, Johannes Abeel, al- 
dermen; Gerrit van Ness, Harpert Jacobse, assistants; 
Tierk Harmense, Evert Janse, assessors ; Jon. Broadhorst^ 
constable. 

Johannes Luykasse, high constable. 

Anthony Bratt, treasurer. 

In de Halve Maan. Mees Hogeboom, assessor; Cor- 
nelis Claese, constable. 

Onastigeone. Marte Cregier, assessor; Cornelis Ty- 
mese, constable. 



Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
y e 15th of November, 1700: Present, John Johnson 
Bleeker, mayor; Joh. Schuyler. Da. Schuyler, Johan- 
nes Roseboom, Joh. Cuyler, Wessel ten Broek, Joh. 
Abeel, aldermen ; Jacob Turke, Hend. Oothout, Luykas 
Gerritse, Gerrit van Ness, Harpt. Jacobse, assistance. 
It is concluded that y c following Proclamation be pro- 
claimed. 

That according to y 6 yearly Custome they doe hereby 
prohibit and forbid y 6 Retailing of all sorts of Strong Li- 
quor within this Citty and County, unless by Mr Mayors 
Lycense, on penalty of forfeiting as a fyne upon such per- 
son or persones so offending y e summe of five pounds, ac- 
cording to act of assembly, as also that no such Retailers 
shall receive from any Souldier upon any Pretence what- 
soever any of there Provisions, Cloaths, or other accou- 
trements, or shall retaile to them in their house after y c 
ringing of y 6 Bell for Eight o'clock at night, upon penalty 
of forfeiting for each Souldier so founde as aforesaid y e 
summe of six shillings for y* BehoofFe of such Person as 
shall sue for y 6 same. 



120 The City Records. 

Pursuant to an order of Councill dated y 6 23 d of Sept., 
and another from his Excellency dated the 16th of Octo- 
ber last. Coll. Pr. Schuyler, the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality have hired the house of William Ketelheyn 
till p mo May next, for y e summe of six pounds for two 
Lefts, and there wifes. Also y e Chamber on y 6 south side 
of Elisabeth widow of Wouter Utthoft's house, with the 
use of her bedd and bedding to p mo May next, for four 
pounds tenn shillings for one Leif 1 , with y 6 condition that 
at y e present y 6 magistrates are to supply her with two 
Blankets, which at y e Expiration of y e time as afores d are 
to be deducted off y e hire. 

Nov. 26. Evert Wendell sen. appears in Common 
Councill and makes Request verbally, that in y 6 time of 
y e late Gov. Thomas Dongan, orders were issued to de- 
mand all Patents or Ground Brieffes belonging to this Citty 
and County, in which time y e said Petitioner gave up his 
Grond Brieffe granted to him by y e late governor Petrus 
Stuyvesant for a certain Lott of grounde situate lying and 
being on y e south side of y 6 Citty, on y e east side of y* 
hill abutting to y e north of y e Land and Orchard belong- 
ing to Isaac Casperse ; and since said Evert Wendel de- 
clares that said Ground Brieffe or any other was never 
returned to him. Doth therefore humbly request of y 6 
hon. Commonality to grant him a Release for s Grounde, 
which y 6 Commonality have taken into Consideration, 
and have graunted y 6 same, ordering a Release to be writte. 
which shall be signed. 

It is concluded that a warrant be issued to y 6 fyre mas- 
ters to vizite y e Chimneys and fyre places within this 
Citty every three weeks, beginning y e 2d of December 
next and so continuing during the time of three months, 
which fyre masters are as follows: Bastiaen Harmense, 
William Hogen, Warner Carstense, Guysbert Marselis, 
Tierk Harmense, Jonathan Broadhurst. 

De Ratelwaght John Rateliffe & Robert Barrett hebben 
d Dienst voor de aenstaende jaer die genomen ingangh 
nemende van die 29st November 1700, voor de oude sala- 
ris van 22 : 16 om betaelen te syn alle verrendeel jaers als 
rnede 80 vuur brant bout: haer waekt Plaets is aen gezijt 



The City Records. 121 

in't Blockhuys en de Parrel straet. Het wert verstaen dat 
de voorgaeude accort was voor 24. Ergo adest nogh 
1:4. En geordineert dat warrant gegeven sail zyn aen 
de assessors, om haer assessment te maken voor 30, en 80 
vuur hout en deselve te leveren in handen van de meyor 
op Saterdagh, den 2 It December. 

[The purport of the foregoing is, that John Rateliffand Robert 
Barrett were reappointed watchmen for the ensuing year at the 
same salary as before, 22, 16s, and 80 loads of fire wood; 
their station to be at the blockhouse in Pearl street, and the as- 
sessors were to make an assessment of 30 upon the inhabitants, 
and return it to the mayor by Saturday, the 21st December.] 

It is Concluded that warning be given to the Justices of 
y 6 Citty & County to appear on y 6 23d of December at nine 
o'clock in y e morning, to fewy e Citty & County's accounts, 
for y e late year to y 6 14th October last. To which end, 
Johannis Abeel, John Schuyler& Johannis Roseboom, al- 
dermen, and Jacobus Turke, Luykas Gerritse, and Har- 
pert Jacobse, assistants, are appointed to vizite said ac- 
counts, and see them justly made, returning them in the 
hands of Mr. Mayor the 21st of December next. 

December 21. The Committee aforesaid brought in 
there Report in Common Councill according to y e above 
Conclusion. Also, appeared Mr. Hansen, and brought in 
his certificates for service in the Assembly this year, de-' 
syring that credit be given only for his serving dayes, ac- 
quitting his journey days. 



Att a Meeting of y e Justices of y e Citty & County of 
Albany this 24th December in y Evening, 1700. 

Whereas in y 6 late General Assembly held the day 
of , an act is past for 1000 to be graunted to his 

Majesty, to which y e Citty and County of Albany's quota 
amounts to 60, which after assessed and collected must 
be paid unto y e Receiver Gerierall of this Province, on y e 
first day of May, 1701: in Pursuance thereof it is Re- 
solved by y 6 aforesaid Justices, that y e assessors of y e 
Citty and of each respective Presink in y 6 County to whom 
warning shall be given by there Justices, to Convene in 
y e Citty Hall of Albany, on y 6 20th January next, to ( make 
an assesssement of 60, upon all Inhabitants. Sojourners 



122 The City Records. 

and Freeholders within said Citty and County, and make 
Return thereof on y 6 25th then following. 

Att a Common Councill held iny e Citty Hall of Albany 
y 6 30th of December, 1700. 

The assessors have returned an assessment for y c Rat- 
tlewatch, / 1200, and 87 load wood. It is Concluded that 
a warrant be issued to y e Collector to collect y e same 
forthwith, and order that y 6 wood be Ride to y e Burger 
Blockhouse before 15th of January next, which shall be 
received by y e Ratelmen. 

It is also concluded y 1 on y c next meeting an order be 
made prohibiting y e unruly driving of slees. 

Att a meeting of Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality, 
held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany y e 3d of January, 
170?. 

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, supervisor, returned by Ger 1 
Theunise, Justice of y c Colony. 

Daniel Janse, supervisor for Schenectady. 

Lawrence van Ale, for Kinderhook, without a Return. 

Frank Salisbury, for Coxhacky and Catskill, without 
Returned. 

It is Concluded by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality that a proclamation be made against the Driving of 
slees, carts and wagons through the streets of this Citty 
harder than on a stap, and Ryding on horseback y e like, 
upon penalty of forfeiting y e summe of three shillings for 
each offence, for y e Behooffe of such as Prosecutes for y 6 
same. 



,Att a Common Councill, held in y e Citty of Albany y e 
27th of January, 170f. 

The Day y 6 Recorder's oath is administered. 

It is concluded and thought verry necessary that fyre 
leathers and hooks be made for y e Behooffe of this Citty, 
since ye old one Deckayd and lost. Wherefore is Re- 
solved that three leathers of five and twenty, and three 
of eighteen foot be made, and three hooks of fifteen foot, 
which Hend. Oothout and Harp 1 Jacobse have underta- 
ken to make with all speed. 



The City Records. 123 

It is further Concluded since y e Bridge by Coll Schuyler 
doth decay, that Mr. Roseboom, Hend. Oothout, and 
Harp 1 Jacobse to vizite y e same, and make Returne y e 
next Court what is required to be repaired 

It is further Resolved, fynding the Citty's Stockadoes 
Extreamly Dekayed, that y e same be new fenced with 
new Stockadoes of a foot square at y c small end, and 
thirteen foot long from y e North East point of y e fort to 
y e Burger Blockhouse, and from y e South East point of y 
fort to y e small Blockhouse on y e Plain, to which end is 
appointed Joh. Cuyler, Wessel ten Broek, aldermen, Jo- 
hannis Harmense, Jacobus Turke, assistants, to order it 
be measured how many Rodd it will reach toe, and to 
make Return to-morrow evening one hour Sone, together 
with what quantity old Stockadoes they think Convenient 
to Repair y c Citty forth. 

Jan. 28. Pursuant to y c above order, y 6 Gent'n ap- 
pointed have made return, and thereupon Resolved that 
a warrant be issued to the assessors to make an assess- 
ment upon the Inhabitants of this Citty, for one hundred 
and twelve Rodd of Stockadoes for y e use as abovemen- 
tioned of smove pine Bark one foot thick at y e small End, 
and to make there Return under hand and scale to Mr. 
Mayer, in y 6 Space of twice four and twenty hours. 
It is further Resolved, after warning be given to ye In- 
habitants that s d Stockadoes be Ridd at or before y e 15th 
of Feb. next Ensuing, upon penalty of forfeiting for each 
Stockadoe not delivered ISd, to which End y e s d Stocka- 
does be Ride according to form. Mr. Joh. Schuyler and 
Mr. Joh. Roseboom aldermen, and Jacobus Turke and 
Joh. Harmense, assistants, have undertaken to vizite y e 
same. 

Relateing the Bridge at Coll. Schuyler's y e Gent'n yes- 
terday appointed to vizite y e sa.me doe Returne that it 
Requires to be Repaired with I oak Logg of 17 foot, 12 
inches square, 4 Post 10 foot, 10 inches square, 2 Pine 
Loggs of 10 foot, 1 foot square, 3 do 17 foot a piece, 3 do 
a 20 foot, 1 do a 37 foot. 

It is moreover Resolved that y p gutter next to y e house 
of Mr Cuyler near y e fort, and y p Creek by y e Luttheren 



124 The City Records. 

Church Requires before they can be repaired, one pine 
logg of thirty foot long, and one & a half foot thick, at y e 
small end, one of five and twenty foot, like thickness, one 
of forty and one of thirty foot long and a foot thick at the 
but end; all which timber wood as aforementioned, Mr. 
Job. Cuyler, alderman, Harp 1 Jacobse and Hend. Oothout 
assistants, have undertaken to agree with some Particular 
Person who shall Ride y e same upon y e Citty Charge. 



Att a Meeting of y 6 Justices of y e Citty and County of 
Albany, the 6th of February, 170;i. 

The accounts of Charges of y e County being made up, 
from y e 14th of October, 1699 toy 6 14th of October, 1700, 

amounting to /2099-.10 

Also y e Revenue received in said time being. . . 2010: 2 

Remains y e County indebted, /89 : 8 

Besides y e sallary of y e 3 assembly men for y e last two 
Sessions, according to y e respective Certificates thereof, 
being/ 720, /480, and/ 640; in all/ 1840. 

Memorandum that Mr. Mayor Bleeker having served 
according to act of assembly 68 days, being willing to re- 
ceive for 60 days at 6s., and that Ryer Schermerhorn 
having served 64 days as aforesaid is willing to receive 
for 53^ days at 6s. per diem. 

The Justices of y e County in y e last Court of Sessions 
have Recommended to lay before y e Supervisors y ' neces- 
sity y e Court house Requires to be Repaired, together 
with a new Common goal, as also y e Petition of Hend. 
Roseboom y e Church Reader, with a Remembrance for 
James Parker, marshal. 

It being further observed that y e County (excepting y 6 
Citty and Colony Rensselaerwyk) must be credited for 
two hundred and fifty one Gilders wampum value, being 
the half of Roseboom's Sallary, and Repareing y 'Church 
yard, which was Charged in y? General County aj^ct. 

Att a Meeting of y c Aldermen and Assistance, and Su- 
pervisors of y e County of Albany y 6 18th of february 
170 \. 

The account of y e Citty and County being made up, 



The City Records. . 125 

doe fynde y" Citty and County (the Colony excepted) are 
Indebted 48 : 4 : 9. The meeting have resolved that the 
assessors shall meet y 6 27th day of this month at y* Citty 
Hall of Albany, to make an assessment of the Estates of 
all the Citty and Count)- of Albany, as also the Super- 
vysors are to meet y 6 next day following at one the clock 
at y~ Citty Hall of Albany. 

Feb. 28. According as Concluded on y" 18th of y e In- 
stant, the assessors of the Citty and County have Con- 
vened and doe Return an assessment as follows: 

Y e Citty for 5008 

Canastageone 696 

H. Maen, 672 

Schinnechtady 3143 

Kinderhook, ". 889 

Catskill, 1617 

The Colony except Patkook, 4586 

16611 

Upon which assessment, excepting the Colony, is laid 
three stuyvers wampum upon the pound. In Reguarde 
to Defray y e arrears of y e Citty and County's Charges to 
the assembly men and that warrants be issued to y seve- 
rall Collectors to Collect y" same before the 15th of 
Aprill next Ensueing, then to deliver said summes of mo- 
ney unto Anthony Brad y 6 Citty Treasurer, and that s d 
Collectors and Treasurer shall share alike in five per Ct, 
which y" meeting doe allow for the Collecting. 

Relateing y e Prepareing of y 6 Court house & Common 
Goall, which y Justices of y 6 Citty & County on the 26th 
of Feb'y instant Recommended to be laid before y e Super- 
visors, is referred to their Consideration, who of the . 
County Positively Refused to Contribute any thing unto 
y* same, alleadging that it must be Repaired out of the 
2 pr cent to Defray y necessary Charges of y" Citty and 
County. 

Att a Mayers Court held in the Citty hall of Albany y e 

18th of March, 170?-. 
The Court adjourned till this day fourthnight. 



126 The City Records. 

The Court have appointed Mr. David Schuyler & Mr. 
Johannis Roseboom, aldermen, to goe to Mr. Van Brugh, 
late Mayor, and there to demand severall papers relating 
y 6 Citty, which he took in care whilst Mayor of this Citty , 
who Report that sayd van Brugh Refused to give over y 6 
same ; notwithstanding a little after came and delivered 
to y e present Mayor y 6 following writteings, viz 1 : Hend. 
van Rensselaer's patent for Skaakkook and his Transp 1 
for y 1 same to y e mayor, aldermen and assistants. K. v. 
Rensselaers patent for y c Colony Rensselaerswyk. P. M. 
van Bruggens Release for a lott of ground on ye plain, 
together with his patent and transp 1 for y" same, where- 
fore the s d mayor passed a Receipt to s d van Brugh. 

Att a meeting of y e Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen & As- 
sistants in Albany y 27th of March, 1701. 
* After Consideration y Gent'n have Concluded that in 
case y" Genii assembly at there meeting on y e 2 d of Aprill 
next, should act or proceed on businesse, that the mem- 
bers for this Citty and County doe make application to 
continue y e Revenue of 2 pr cent laid upon Indian wares 
here Imported, as also y e 3d upon each gallon for y 6 space 
of two years ensueing y e expiration of that act. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y" Citty of Albany y 6 1st 
of Aprill, 1701. 

Gerrit Jacobse plentive, John Fyne defendant. 

The Jury called: Claes Ripse, Harmen Theunise, Isaac 
Verplank, Thomas Harmense, Gysbert Marselis, Rynier 
Myndertse, Phillip Wendel, Goose van Schaack, Melg 1 
Melgertse, Pr. Waldrum, Barent Bratt, Casper van Hoese. 

The plentive alledges against the Defendant y e he scan- 
dalized his wife Elizabeth with base words, in calling her 
a theiffe, and that she had stole money from him to the 
damage of 100. 

The Def l appears and humbly Desyres if the Case may 
be Referred till next Court Day, so y 1 he may in that time 
Provide for witnesses. 

The honbl e Court have taken y 6 Desyre into Considera- 
tion, and have Refferredy" same tilly 6 ensuing Court day. 



The City Records. 127 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of Al- 
bany y c 12th of Aprill, 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made that Barent Albertse 
Bratt hath this day Infenced some part of his Lott of 
grounde without y 6 north gate of this Citty, to y 6 west- 
ward of y 6 main guarde. which is to the great prejudice 
of his Majesty and Subjects by Inclosing y e highway, and 
being also a hindrance to the fortifications there. 

It is therefore ordered that y e said Barent Albertse 
Bratt doth remove said fence in y 6 space of thrice twenty 
four hours, upon his Perill, or else that y e same shall be 
removed by the sheriffe of this Citty. 

Warrant. 

City of Albany, ss. WILLIAM by y 6 grace of God of 
England, Scotland, France and Ireland, King, defender of 
y faith, &c.. to y 6 Sheriffe of y 6 Citty of Albany greeting: 
In Pursuant to an order of Common Council on y 12th 
of this Instant, wee command you to cause to be Re- 
moved y fence which is made by Barent Albertse Bratt, 
without y north gate of said Citty to y' westwards of y 6 
main guarde, being to great prejudice of his Majestic and 
Subjects by inclosing the highway, and also a hinderance 
to y 6 fortifications there, and y 1 in y e space of four and 
twenty hours ensueing y Date hereof, in doing whereof 
this shall be your sufficient warrant. Given in Albany 
y 6 15th day of April in y e 12th year of his Maj'es Reign, 
annoq Do. 1701. 

Was signed JAHANNIS BLEEKEK, Rekordcr. 

JOHAXNIS CUYLER, Alderman. 
To Jonathan Broadhurst. high sheriffe of y 
Citty & County of Albany, 

April 29. Thomas Williams, attorney for Pr. van 
Wuggelum Plentive, Joseph Jansen, Defendant. This 
day being y 6 3 d Court day & no Coram of magistrates in 
y 6 bench, thought fit to Referr y e action without N. Sum- 
moned can Proceed, which opinion if a Coram be com- 
pleat shall lay ready in y 6 office for y e Partyes some time 
in next. week. 

[Annals iv.] 12 



128 The City Records. 

Att a Common Council! held in y e Citty hall of Albany 

y e 5th of May, 1701. 

The Commonalty have concluded that the Inhabitants 
shall sett up there quotaes of N. Stockadoes 3 foot in y e 
ground where y e old stands, and even above y l in y c space 
of eleven days ensuing y e 7th of this Instant, upon penalty 
of forfeiting for each stockadoe not orderly sett up, in s d 
time 9d. For y e orderly planting of s d stockadoes Mr. Joh. 
Cuyler & Joh. Roseboom, aldermen, Ja. Turke & Joh. 
Harmense. assistants, are appointed to vizite s d stocka- 
does before they are sott up, and to refuse such stockadoes 
as are not according to form of 13 foot long, and one foot 
squair at y e small end, of smove pine barke. 

The Proclamation made Relateing y e Indian Trade on 
y e 30th of Aprill, 1700, is confirmed for one year. 

It is further Concluded y l each Inhabitant shall Ring 
there hoggs in there noses, and remove there fyre wood 
from y c streets in y e space of 8 days ensueing y e date 
hereof, upon penalty of forfeiting such hoggs not Ringed, 
and fyre wood for y e Behoofe of y e Sheriffe of y 6 Citty & 
County, who shall sue for y e same. 

The s d Proclamation is Proclaimed on y e 12 of May, 
1701. 

May 6th. Mr. Joh. Lydius, minister, Anthony van 
Schaik, Elder, and Harp' Jacobse, Dyaken, of y e Dutch 
Reformed Church of Albany, make application to the 
Commonality by Complaint against Pr. Bogardus that he 
is about Infencing a certain Lott of grounde Situate, Ly- 
ing and being in y e great pasture to y e south warde of y e 
s d Citty, Belonging to y e Church wardens, and in posses- 
sion to which Lott they owne a pretence. Desyreing y 6 
Gent'n in Common Councill to be aiding and assisting to 
them in y c premises, that y e further infencing may be stopt 
till y 6 arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who is supposed can 
give some Information relateing said lott. Y c Gent'n in 
Common Councill have taken y c Request in Consideration, 
and sent for Mr. Bogardus, desyreing him to forbear fenc- 
ing four or five days till Maj. Wessells arrives, but fynde- 
ing unwilling to allow s d Days, are unanimously of opin- 
ion that s d lott of grounde shall be no further Infcnced till 



The City Records. 129 

next Saturday, or the arrival of Maj. Dirk Wessels, who 
Emmediately shall be sent for. 

Alderman David Schuyler informs the meeting that 
upon his arrivall at Mont Reyall in Canida, on y e 14th of 
Aprill last, was informed y 1 y e merchandize he conveyed 
thither were prohibited goods, whereupon he Resolved to 
ask y e governurs leave to expose them freely to Sale, 
which after being graunted, was Invited to dine with y e 
govern'r, and being in discourse together after Dinner. y e 
govern'r pleased to ask s> d Schuyler as follows: What 
news have you in your Parts, where vessels dayly arrive 
from Europe, and here but once in a year; wee "have here 
News by a Letter from Lakadie to one Mons. Menel a 
Jesuit here of y e death of y e king of Spaine and the Pope, 
with an other king, not certain whether it is King William 
or King James. I suppose you can inform the truth 
thereof to us. Said Schuyler answered that wee have 
had y e tyding of y e king of Spaine's death and life this five 
or six years long, and hearing such news so often causes 
us not to minde it without the certainty thereof. Then 
said Schuyler asked why such strick inquire was made 
after y King of Spaine's Death by severall people just at 
his arrivel there. The governour answered because they 
are informed of a dispute for y e kingdom of Spaine, and 
said where two have difference sometimes they fall out in 
quarrel. S d Schuyler replyed that wee received news 
last year that y 6 two kings were come to an agreement 
concerning s d kingdom, and therefore he believed there 
was no fear of warr. Then y e goven'r sayd y l he still 
Remembered y 6 Cruell and Barbarous murders committed 
by y 6 heathens in shedding of Innocent Christian Blood 
in y 6 late warr, and y 1 it would be much better for these 
parts in America, in case a warr broak out between y* 
two crownes, that both kings concluded such an order as 
was in King Charles Reign for us to sett still, since wee 
only injured one another by such skulking party s. Then 
s d Schuyler answered, y 1 he often heard say among y e 
head men here, y* it was a shame to see Christian Blood 
soe spilt by heathens, to which y e govern'r answered and 
said, In case a warr doe break out he will not be y e first 



130 The City Records. 

to send out such partyes against us as formerly. Then 
Schuyler answered that he beleeved in case there came no 
skulking partyes from him there would be none sent from 
hence. Says further, y l two days after he and Alderman 
Wessel ten Broek, Abrah. Schuyler and Jean Rosie were 
invited to dine with Mons. Supercaes mayor of Mont 
Royal, where Mons. Marricuer and severall oy'r Gent'n 
were, who used y e same Discourse as afores d , and y e next 
morning going to take there leave of Mons. Marricuer he 
told them y l when y e Cheefe Govr. arrived from Quebek, 
who he dayly expected, he intended to goe for Onondage, 
to kindle his fyre there as he former used to doe. 

Honbl 6 Gent: 

Here inclosed lays an information given by Alderman 
David Schuyler late come from Canida, which after (by 
us) taken in Consideration is thought a Method (Before a 
warr breaks out between y e two Crownes, which as we 
understand by severall Confirmations of news is Dayly 
expected) to prevent y e Cruel and Barbarous 'murder 
which Innocent Christians most Enduer under y e hands 
of y e mercilesse Indians, as in y 6 late warr hath been used, 
to little advantage of both sides, hoping that your honors 
will take y 6 same into your serious consideration, whilst 
yet an opportunity can be had by some fitt person or 
more (as here be among our aldermen who are well ac- 
quainted there or such) as your honors shall think best to 
send thither to Canida, either under pretence of a small 
trade, or any other way, as your honors shall think most 
Convenient; in y e meanwhile wishing your honors all 
prosperity doe remain, 

Honbl c Gent'n 

Your most humble & most 

obedient servants, 

JOH. ROSEBOOM, Jo. J. BLEEKER, 

WESSEL TE.V BROEK, Jo. BLEEKER, 
Jo. CUYLER, Jo. SCHUYLER, 

To the Hon. JOHN NANFAN Esq., 
His Majies Left. Governor fy Com. in Cheefe of ye 
Province of New York, SfC., in his absence to 
His Maps Hon. Council for ye same, att Fort 
Wm. Henry. 



The City Records. 

May 10. Pursuant to y 6 Resolution of y 6 Mayor, Re- 
corder, aldermen and assistants in Common Councill on 
y* 6th of May now instant. Maj. D. Wessels, Anthony 
van Schaik and Hendrik van Rensselaer, Elders in y 6 
Behalfe of y 6 Church wardens of y 6 Reformed Netherdutch 
Congregation, doe appear and complain against Peter Bo- 
gardus about Infencing a certain parcel of pasture grounde 
situate, lyeing and being to y 6 southwarde of this Citty, 
on the other side of y 6 Beavers Creek in y 6 great pasture 
belonging to said Church wardens, as by their transport 
made over by Dom. Godefridus Dellius on y 6 31st of July 
1690, viz 1 . 

Imprimis, The said Mr. Wessels saith that in the 3~ear 
1686, in July, before y 6 Charter was obtained, John John- 
son Bleeker, y 6 s d Wessels and Levinus van Schaick, then 
Magistrates, were in behalfe of y* Court appointed to En- 
quire by y 6 severall Inhabitants who had Lotts of grounde 
in the great Pasture aforesaid, among whom they came to 
Deritie widow of Volkert Janse and Geertruy widow of 
Jan Thomase to Desist their title of their Certain Parcell 
of pasture Land, (being that as aforementioned) where- 
upon y 6 s d Geertruy proposed if the magistrates would 
procure a graunt from the governor, Thomas Dongan, for 
a peece of Land some where else at their own costs, upon 
which y 8 s d magistrates went to y* Governor, who gave 
consent to a grant for any piece of vacant land in y* go- 
vernment to which y 6 3 d Geertruy replyed to Enquire for 
y 6 same, and so parted as by y 6 memorandum thereof, 
written by s d Mr. Wessels, doth more at large appear by 
y e Deakens. 

2dly. That since y 6 magistrates having with Deritie y* 
widow of Volkert Janse and Geertruy widow of Jan Tho- 
mase upon account of said parcell of pasture grounde to 
whom it lately belonged, discounted to each of them y* 
summe of one pound sixteen shillings Currant Money, on 
y 6 7th of Sept., 1691, as by y 6 Cittyes book held by y 6 
late Treasurer, John Becker, doth appear, therefore de- 
syreing of y* Gent'n in Common Councill to maintain 
what was formerly transported by their predecessors, and 
since said Great pasture is lett to hyre until November 



132 The City Records. 

next, that y e Gent'n will be pleased to prevent y* further 
Infencing of said Bogardus until such persones from whom 
he bought s 1 Pasture ground doe punctually performe 
there conveyance, and further alledging that this Common- 
ality is to defend the premises. 

Whereupon s d Pr. Bogardus doth Demonstrate a certain 
Conveyance concerning s d Pasture grounde made over to 
him by y e aforementioned widow, bearing date y e 1st day 
of March, If -, together with a Certification and Consent 
on y e backside thereof, signed and sealed by Jonas Dow, 
eldest sonne of s d Deritie. and And's Janse, eldest sonne 
of s d Geertruy, dated y e 18th of February, one thousand 
seven hundred and one. Witnesses, Thomas Williams 
and Laurence van Alle. Whereby said Pr. Bogardus 
pretends to Infence y e same. 

The Gentlemen in Common Councill are unanimously 
of opinion that such persons as have conveyed said pas- 
ture grounde to said Bogardus are to make y 6 same good 
unto him y said Bogardus : in y e meantime y 6 said Bo- 
gardus is not to proceed Infenceing as aforementioned. 

Att a Meeting of y e Gentlemen appointed for ye manage- 
ment of y e Indian Affairs, the 12th of May, 1701-. 
Present, Coll. Pr. Schuyler, John Johnson Bleeker, 
Johannis Bleeker, Johannis Schuyler, Wessel ten 
Broek, Johannis Cuyler, David Schuyler, Job. Rose- 
boom, Maj. Dirk Wessels, Hend. Hanse, Lieut. John 
Bennet. 

Coll. Pr. Schuyler proposes to y Gent'n y e Information 
of alderman David Schuyler, lately come from Canida, 
that Mons. Marricuer (a Gentleman of great Influence 
among our Five Nations) intends upon y e arrival of Mons, 
Callier, Cheeffe govern'r of Canida, from Quebec, to goe 
to Onnondage and kindle his fyre there, as he formerly 
hath done, and Believeing its only to Debauch our In- 
dians, desyres the opinion of y c Gentlemen whether it is 
not requisite to send some fitt person or more best ac- 
quainted with y c Indians, besides y e Interpreter, to pre- 
vent his Design. 

The Gentlemen convened are unanimously of opinion 



The City Records. 133 

that with all Expedition y e Gent'n in Councill shall be ac- 
quainted with y e same, and if persons shall be appointed 
to goe thither, may be supplyed in station to honor y e 
government, expecting there further orders therein. 



Att a Mayor's Court, held in the Citty hall of Albany y e 
13th of May, 1701. 

Thomas Williams atturney for Pr. van Wuggelum Plen- 
tive, Joseph Janse Defendant. [This case was brought 
to recover 52, and decision given for the defendant.] 

Before y e adjourning of y 6 Court y e Gentlemen have 
pursuant to an order of Councill dated y e 8th of Aprill, 
1701, hyred y c chamber and bedding of Elizabeth widow 
of Wouter van der Utthoft, on y e north end of her house 
for Leif l M. Shanks, for y e ensueing year from primo May 
last for y e summe of 9, upon y e king's account. 

May 20. It is concluded by y e Commonality (since y n 
expiration of y e order on y e 7th Instant to sett up y e new 
Stockadoes at y 6 places appointed is not fulfilled), there- 
fore for y e more strick charge is thought requisite to sett 
forth a proclamation ordering such persons as have neg- 
lected to sett up their quotas of Stockadoes according to 
number, that the same may be orderly planted in y e space 
of six days, or before y e 27th of this instant, upon penalty 
of forfeiting y e summe of three shillings for each Stocka- 
doe not sett up as aforesaid, for y e Behooffe of y e Sheriffe 
who is to see them orderly sett. 

May 27. Williem Ketelheyn : Alsoo wy dagelyks 
Lastigh gevalle werden door de woonders van uwe buys 
over de unbequaamheyt van dien, de welke noodigh 
Reparatie manqueert. Derhalve versoeken wy uwe per- 
soon alhier met spoet under onse Protectie durende drie 
dagen, opdatuwe huysmaghbequaamgerepareert, werden 
anders sullen genootsaekt syn om hetselve met dese maent 
te verlaten sail hier mede verblyve. 
UE Frient & Dienaer, 

Per order van Court, 

RT. LIVINGSTON JUN., Dep. Clk. 

N. B. Dat Willem Ketelheyn is gekomen en aenge- 
nomen het buys voort te Repareeren & dien volgens. So 



134 The City Records. 

blyft het in huyr van primo May last tot primoMay 1702, 
voord prys als voorhene op d Conings Rekening indato 
den 15 Novr, 1700 t wet.en twaelf pout currant gelt. 

Thomas Williams late sheriffe makes request that y e 
Boedel of Abraham Poel, late deceased, may be adminis- 
tered ; y e Gentlemen in Court takeing y e same into con- 
sideration and fyndeing the Estate of so little value that 
it will not bear to goe to y e charges of letters of adminis- 
tration, have therefore appointed Mr. Wessel ten Broek, 
Mr. David Schuyler, aldermen, together with y 6 s d Thomas 
Williams, to make Enquire of all Goods, Rights and Cre- 
ditts which to s d Deceased in his lifetime did appertain, 
y e same to Receive y e Goods, Exposeing to Sale in Publlck 
vandue, and to pay all debts as farr as y e same will extend, 
and to give account of there administration to this Court 
on or before y 6 13th of June next ensueing, being one year 
and six weeks since y e Death of y e s d Deceased. 

William by y 6 Grace of God of England, Scotland, 
France & Ireland, King, Defender of y e Faith, &c , Greet- 
ing: Since complaints are made that severall Persones 
Inhabiting within this County doe very much Diminish y 6 
Rights and Priviledges of this Citty by Trading with In- 
dians contrary to the Charter, wee therefore command you 
to make search in the houses or else vdiere without the 
walls of this citty and in y 6 County afores d , and all such 
Indian goods or merchandize which shall be found to be 
traded or trafiqued with any Indian or Indians, together 
with such Indian Commodities, wither y e same be Beavers, 
Peltry, or other Indian Commodities whatsoever, [except 
Indian corn, venison and drest dear skins] to seize and to 
sue for y 6 same, which after Condemned shall be for y 
behooffe as y e Charter directs. 

Given in Albany this 27th of May, in y c 13th year of 

his Majesty's Reign, annoq. Do. 1701. 
To Jonathan Broadhurst, high sheriffe of y 6 

Citty and County of Albany, or his deputy. 
Signed by 

JOHN JOHNSON BLEEKER, Justice. 
JOHANNIS ABEEL, Justice. 



The City Records. 135 

Present, Job. Bleeker, Recorder, Job. Abeel, Job. Schuy- 
ler, Job. Cuyler, David Schuyler, Job. Eoseboom, 
Ryer Schermerhorn, Capt. James Weems, Jonathan 
Broadhorst, Sheriffe, Lawrence Claese, Interpreter. 

Message sent from Onondage (three days by the way} 
and brought here by Joseph the Indian and Cayindagoe, 
this first of June, 1701. 

Says y* some Onondagoe Indians being out hunting and 
passing by Cadarachqui, were informed by y e French lay- 
ing in garrison there, that Mon. Marrecuer of Canida was 
coming with three hundred men, which Indians were de- 
syred to stay there till his arrivall, but Refused and went 
off a short way to an island where they heard y cannon 
fyred most part of y e day, therefore beleeved the said 
Marrecuer was arrived at Cadarachqui, as the French in- 
formed them. 

Say further, y l y e sachems of Onondage have given no- 
tice to all of y e Five Nations to meet at Onondage beleiv- 
ing y e s d Marrecuer was coming to speak of peace. 

The Gentlemen appointed to manage y e Indian affairs 
are unanimously of opinion that some fitt persones be sent 
with attendance and y c interpreter to Onondage forthwith 
to observe y 6 motions of s d Marrecuer, and therefore have 
appointed Recorder Job. Bleeker and Alderman David 
Schuyler, with y 6 following Instructions : 

That they shall forthwith, with all speed, Prepair for 
Onondage, taking the Interpreter and other necessary at- 
tendance with them as is thought needful, and att there 
arrivall to watch y e motions of Mons. Marrecuer of Canida 
if he be come there, and to advise our five nations of In- 
dians to stand firm by there Covenant so often renewed 
with Corlaer, and further to manage as they shall think 
most Convenient. 

Albany y 6 1st of June, 1701. 

May it please your honor: 

Here enclosed is a message sent from Onondage, which 
we think to be of great moment, have therefore thought 
requisite to dispatch the Gentlemen with y 6 Inclosed In 



IB6 The City Records. 

struction to Onondage. So Remaine your hon's most hum- 
ble servants. Was signed. JOHANNIS ROSEBOOM, 
JOH. CUYLER, JOHANNIS SCHUYLEB, 
JAMES WEEMS, JOH. ABEEL. 

June 10. Verthoont Reventelyke Johannis Cuyler, hoe 
dat enige Buyren in dese stadt Albany in d parrel straet, 
aen d west syde van dien van Joh. Harmensens tot syn 
Moeders Hester weduwe van Harme Bastianse salg'r met 
Malkanderen hebben, een gemeen Rejoel, welke voor 
desen buyten stadts posten uytwaterde, dogh comende na 
niet verder als een wynigh benoerden gemelde Cuylers 
buys alwaer synde een gestadige waterpoel, end Kinderen 
dagelyks in gevaer van te verdrinken versoeke derhalven 
ooutrnoedige dat U E. achtb. gelieve te ordineeren dat 
gemelde Buyschap hetselve Rejoel Remedieeren dat ge- 
melde het magh uytwateren buytende posten off ten min- 
sten tot aen de selve, sodanigh U E. achtb sail ordeelen 
bequaem te syn, hier op verwagtende apostille en blyve 
altyd, U E. achtb ootm. Dienaar, 

Albany, 10 June, 1701. JOHANNIS CUYLER. 

The Court doe take into Consideration & fynding no 
surveyors or waymasters appointed for this citty have 
therefore Resolved and appointed Philip Freest, Abraham 
Kip & Wr. Gysbertse surveyors as afores d , to whom each 
one y l fynds Inconveniencyes on y e streets or ways of y e 
Citty can addresse themselves to said persones who are to 
order y e same to be Rectifyed, which s d persones are au- 
thorized in y' office till y c 14th October next. 

June 24. Since often complaints are made by diverse 
persones for want of certain writteings or other instru- 
ments writt by Mr. Adriaen van Elpendam, late Notaris 
Publiq, now in hand of Mr. John van Loon, alledging that 
they can not obtain such writteings from him, y* Gentn 
doe therefore require y c s d John van Loon to deliver to 
this Court on y e 22d of July next, all such deeds, writte- 
ings and other Instruments as he hath in hands, from s d 
van Elpendam, belonging to any Person or Persones, 
which he is in no ways to omitt dated y e day and year 
aforesaid. 



The City Records. 137 

Att a Meeting of y e Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance 
in y" Citty Hall of Albany the 1st of July, 1701. 

It is concluded by y 6 Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality that in Pursuant of y e severall Requests unto them 
made by y 6 Minister, Elders and Dyakens of y* Reformed 
Nether Dutch Congregation how that y e Church of Albany 
here in this Citty in y e first warde in y 6 Jonncker street, 
by severall of the members of s d Congregation was built 
and erected at there owne proper Costs and Charges Ao. 
1656 and 1657, and by y e Commonality is obtained in 
there Charter graunted by y 6 late Gov. Thomas Dongan, 
on y" 22 d of July, 1686, they being therefore desyreous y 1 
y 6 same be released to them and there successors for ever, 
together with a warrantie. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have therefore 
for diverse Causes and other lawful Considerations them 
thereunto moving, appointed Mr. Wessel ten Broek, Mr. 
Job. Cuyler, Mr. Johannis Roseboom, aldermen; Jacob 
Turke, Lykas Gerritse and Job. Harmense, assistance, to 
see a Lawfull Release Drawne in writteing, to the Minis- 
ter, Elders and Deakens and there successors, in trust of 
y* s d Nether Dutch Congregation forever, inserteing y e 
Breath and Lenth of s d Church, with an addition of four 
and twenty foot on y 6 west, and fifteen foot lenth on y e 
east end, and as broad as the Church is, and ordered y 1 
y e same shall forthwith be measured by Hend. Ooothout, 
y 6 sworne Surveyor, who is to return y same under hand 
and seale, and to be recorded accordingly. 

Att a Meeting of y Justices in y e Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 17th of July, 1701. Present -.John Johnson 
Bleeker, John Bleeker, Wessel ten Broek, Joh, Rose- 
boom, Dirk Wessels, Jan Casperse, Joh. Abeel, David 
Schuyler, Joh. Cuyler, Ryer Jacobse, Joh. Sanderse, 
Casper Leendertse. 

Whereas a Letter of the 17th June last from y e Gover. 
and Councill is produced desyreing to calkulate in an ex- 
act and true manner the number of males in each towne 
within our County who are above y e age of sixteen years 
and under the age of sixty years, and to returne y 6 same 



138 The City Records. 

either to y e Governor or y e C e ofy e Council], so that y* 1 
State and Condition of this province, as to that matter 
may be represented to his majesty. 

As also that y Payment to y e 1000 Tax may be has- 
tened, together with y e arrears of y p 2000. In Pursuant 
to y c same it is Resolved that each Justice in his Respect- 
ive warde shall in the space of fourteen days Return or 
Cause to be Returned an exact list of the number of males 
as above expressed within y 6 same, unto Mr. Mayor, to- 
gether with there quotas to y e s d <1000 tax, as also there 
quotas to y 6 late Taxe of 46 for y Citty and County of 
Albany, without delay. 

Att a Mayors Court held in y Citty Hall of Albany y* 
22 d of July, 1701 -.-Present, Joh. Bleeker, Joh. Cuy- 
ler, David Schuyler, Johans Roseboom. 
Whereas on y e 24th of June last a Resolution was taken 
requiring Mr. John van Loon this day to deliver to this 
Court all such deeds, writteings and other instruments as 
he hath in hands, of other person or persons, writt by Mr. 
Ad. v. Elpendam, which he hath omitted, it is therefore 
Resolved that a warrant be issued to s d van Loon to ap- 
pear at y c next Mayors, to be held on y e 5th of Aug. en- 
sueing, to deliver s' 1 writteings according to y 6 late Reso- 
lution N. B. Having had no opportunity to send y e s d 
warrant before y p 5th of August, is therefore inserted in 
s d warrant to appear on y 6 2d of Sept. next. 



Att a Common Councill held in y c Citty Hall of Albany 
y e 23 d of July, 1701. 

It is Resolved that a warrant be issued to the fyre 
masters to goe rounde into each house where fyre is kept 
within this Citty, and wherever they fynde fjTeing in un- 
convenient Houses or Backsides to cause y c same to be 
broak downe and y c owner fyndc in y sum of 6 shillings 
for y e behooffe of s d fyre masters, who shall emmediately 
with assistance of one or more Constables, make execu- 
tion for y e same, that is in case y 6 owner be unwilling to 
pay. 



The City Records. 139 

July 31. This day the Release or Conveyance of y 6 
Church of Albany (which on y 6 1st of this instant was 
appointed to be drawne), is produced. The same after 
being perused is signed, sealed and delivered by John 
Johnson Bleeker, Esq., Mayor of this Citty, by and with 
advice and consent of the Aldermen and Common Council, 
to Mr. Job. Lydius, Minister of y" Gospel of y e Reformed 
Nether Dutch Congregation of y e Citty of Albany, Maj. 
Dirk Wessels, Anthony van Schaik, Hend. v. Rensselaer, 
and Johannis Abeel, present Elders, and William Claese 
Groesbeek, Harpert Jacobse, Gerrit van Ness, & Johannis 
Schuyler, present Dyakens of y 6 s d Congregation and 
there successors forever. 

August 8. It is concluded that a warrant be issued to 
y 6 assessors of y 6 Citty to make an assessement of thirty 
Pounds upon all Inhabitants within this Citty, and to 
make returne of y e same in y space of eight times four 
and twenty hours ensueing y 6 date hereof, and then shall 
be collected before y 6 first of September next. 

Att a Meeting of Justices &c. at y 6 house of Mr. J. J. 
Bleeker Esq., Mayor, in y 6 Citty of Albany, y 6 15th 
of August, 1701: Present, John Johnson Bleeker, 
Esq., Mayor, Joh. Bleeker, Recorder, David Schuyler, 
Jobs. Roseboom, Justices, Capt. James Weeras, Capt. 
John Bennet, Leut. Henry Holland. 
Luykas Gerritse of y 6 Citty of Albany complains in the 
Behalfe of his Doghter Maria, who being yesterday after- 
noon with some Boys & Garrels opposite to this Citty of 
Albany over y River in y 6 woods gathering huckelberrys, 
where she the said Doghter says to be grievously mishan- 
dled throw the hands of three souldiers, whereupon said 
Doghter was asked if she knew them souldiers. Who 
answered not by name, but beleeved she could know them 
by sight. Then Capt. Weems sent for some of y e soul- 
diers who (as he was informed) had yesterday afternoon 
been over y 6 River, and as soon as y e s d Doghter saw 
David McDuggel, and Rob 1 Anderson, sayd that they were 
two of the Persons that struggled with her. Upon which 
it is Resolved to summon a Jury of six women to search 
[Annals iv.] 13 



140 The City Records. 

the Body of said Doghter, and to see if they could fynde 
any syn of her being Ravished ; upon which was sum- 
moned, Tryntje y 6 wife of Hend. Roseboom, 
Catharine y ' wife of Wm. Gysbertse, 
Angeniett y wife of John Jacobse, 
Marritje y 6 wife of Takel Dirkse, 
Elsie y e wife of Gerrit Lansingh, 
Susanna y e wife of Barent Bratt. 

Who were given y e following oath by Mr. Mayor : 

Ghy sweeren by den Ewigh levende Godt dat ghy vi- 
ziteeren sullen het Lichaem van Maria d Doghter van Luy- 
kas Gerritse die seght vercraght te syn van enige mans 
Persoonen, en daer van uytslagh te geven, aen my off 
ghy haer bevind sodanigh gehant harent te syn volgens 
uwe beste kenisse : So help U Godt. 

The Jury give in there verdict y 1 they have according 
to oath vizited y c Body of y 6 said Doghter and fynde her 
hard handled by some Persones by severall tokens of blew 
marks on her theijs, but fynde no sign of her being car- 
nally known in body. 

The verdict being read to her father and other of her 
relations, them gives satisfaction that she is not bereaved 
of her virginity. 

The Punishment for attempting her body is referred to 
y e marshall law (y e Persons being Souldiers), Capt. Ben- 
nett and Leift. Holland then being present, promised to 
see them severely punished for y e same. 

At a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany 
y 6 19th August, 1701. 

John Carr, Plentive, John Artcher, Defendant. The 
Plentive demands of y 6 Defendant by Declaration the 
suinme of three Pounds tenn Shillings. The Defendant 
ownes y 6 Debt. 

Evert Janse, Joh. Bratt, Daniel Bratt, Hend. Roseboom, 
Melk 1 Melkertse Jun., Ph. Foreest, Isaac Verplank, Johs. 
de Wandelaer Jun., John Rosie, Bastiaen Harmense, Joh. 
Pruyn, John Nack. 

The matter is decided in y e presence of Capt. Weems, 
who oWidges to see the s d 3 -. 10 satisfyed to y 6 Plentive 



The City Records. 141 

before y e last of October next ensuing, with all y e costs of 
sute falls to y e charge of y e Defendant. 



Att a meeting of y e Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 
Common Councill, y 6 25th of August, 1701. 

The assessment for JE30 upon y 6 Citty as was concluded 
on y 6 8th instant to be made, is now produced, and ap- 
proved off, and laid 4J stuyver upon y e pound, ordered 
that a warrant be issued to y e Collector of y e Citty to 
collect y 6 same. 

Sept. 12. Mr. John Johnson Bleeker Esq., Mayor of y e 
Citty proposes in Common Councill y 6 insufficientie of y e 
Cittys Stodkadoes in case a warr should break out (pray- 
ing God to prevent y 6 same) and fyndeing y e Citty so ill 
prepared with gates and y 1 most of y e Stockadoes are 
broak down and dekayed, desyreing the best method may 
be used for y 6 better security of y e same. Whereupon is 
Resolved y 1 y e present Commonality doe tomorrow morn- 
ing, at Sone raise, goe rounde and vizite y 6 Insufficiency 
of this Citty, so that thereby Calculation canne be made 
what y e same will require to be made in secure and de- 
fensive Posture against y e approach of an enemy. 



Att a Meeting of Mayor, Aldermen, Assistants and offi- 
cers, and y e Antient Inhabitants of this Citty, the 
12th of Sept., 1701. 

It is by y e Commonality set forth y e Condition of y e 
Cittyes Stockadoes (how they founde y* same this morn- 
ing) and thereupon by this meeting unanimously con- 
cluded, that a Bargain be made with some Persones to 
provide a quantity of Two Hundred Stockadoes, in y e 
space of Seventheen days, or at y e end of this instant 
month (to close up the open places of s d Citty's Stocka- 
does), for which trouble to be satisfied according as y e 
following Gentlemen shall make agreement with y e la- 
bourers, shall be levyed by Tax out of this Citty. The 
Gentlemen to make s d aggreement are, Mr. Joh. Abeel, 
Mr. Joh. Roseboom, aldermen, Mr. Garret van Ness, and 
Joh. Harmense, assistants. 



142 The City Records. 

Alt a Mayor's Court held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
y" 16th of Sept. 1701. 

Lawrence van Schaak vs. Abraham Janse. The Plen- 
tive still demands of Defendant by Declaration for oats 
sowing upon some certain ground at Kinderhook by y 6 
Plentive, which y e Defendant hath carryed away, to y 6 
dammage of Twenty Pounds, with costs of sute, &c. 

The Defendant ownes to have committed y c same, but 
alleadges that the action can not be tried at this Court, 
being it relates a title of land, and therefore graves a non- 
suite. The Court having taken the same into Considera- 
tion, and fynding that no title of land can be tryed at this 
Court, doe therefore graunt Judgment with nonsuite 
against y e Plentive with costs of sute, &c. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler alderman, and Johannis Harmense 
assistant, doe produce a List of Persones who have neg- 
lected to sett up there quotas of new Stockadoes on y 6 
south and north side of this Citty. 

Mr. Verbrugh, Myndert Schuyler, Anthony van Schaik 
and Jacobus Turke appear, and make Complaint how di- 
vers persones arrive from New Yorke and retail mar- 
chandize without Lycence, contrary to y e Priviledge of 
our Charter, and to y e great disadvantage of our Inhabit- 
ants. The Court taken y e same into consideration and 
ordered that y Sheriffe do fynde such person or persones 
so offending, in y 6 summe of 1, as y p Charter directs, 
for each offence, until such time they have obtained there 
Lycenses. 

Memorandum of Freedom to such as are not Dwellers in 
this Citty or County. 

CITTY OF ALBANY : 

To all to whom these presents shall come or may con- 
cern, Johannis Bleeker Esq., Recorder of Albany,- in y 6 
absence of John Johnson Bleeker, Mayor of y e same, 
sends greeting: Whereas Roeloff van Vleck hath made 
application to be made a freeman and Citizen of said 
Citty, these are therefore to Certify and Declare y' y 6 s d 
Roeloffe van Vleck is hereby admitted, received & allowed 
a freeman and Citizen of y 6 s d Citty, to have, hold and 



The City Records. 143 

enjoy the use of his Trade or handy craft within said 
Citty: Provided he Behave himselfe as oyrs y 6 Inhabit- 
ants of s d Citty.* 

In Testimony whereof, I have hereunto sett my hand 
and caused y 6 Scale of this Citty to be hereunto af- 
fixed. Dated in Albany this 17th of September, in 
y 3 13th year of his majesties reign, Ao. Do. 1701. 
Was signed, JOH. BLEEKER, Recorder. 

Likewise a Lycense passed to Mrs. Marg 1 Verplank, y* 
20th day of Sept., 1701, for 3; y 6 15th April, 1702, re- 
newed to her husband, Mr. Collins. To Pr. Waldron and 
Hendrik Vrooman. 

* The price paid for this naturalization seems to have been 1 :4. 



Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 

y 61 24th of Sept., 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made that severall persones 
within this Citty doe use trade or handycraft without 
being qualified as freemen to doe the same, and that on 
y 6 27th of June, 1699, a list of such persons was given in, 
which by us being perused, wee have taken out y 6 fol- 
lowing Persons, viz r . 

Peter Van Brugh, John Fyne,| 

Edward Reims,* Joseph Janse, 

Luykas Luykasse, Jonathan Bradhorst.t 

William Hilton, Gerrit Ryckse, 

John Carr,f Robert Frothyf 

William Hogen,| Job's de Wandelaer. 

Jan van Heyden, 
* Lycence to Retaile Liquors. t Lycense. 

Are therefore of opinion that y 6 above, together with 
y 6 following persones, shall be discharged from using their 
trade or handycraft within this Citty until such time 
have obtained their Lycense : Provided them y 1 are born 
in y e Corporation or allreacly obtained Citty freedom. 

Pr. Waldron. Levinus Winne, Hend. Vrooman. 

Oct. 14. This day being appointed by y e Charter of 
this Citty for y 6 Aldermen in there respective Wards to 



144 The City Records. 

make Return of y 6 Aldermen, Assistants, Assessors, and 
Constables, who return as follows: 

In the First Ward. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Schuyler, Jacob Turke, 

David Schuyler, Luykas Gerritse. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Anthony Coster, Jean Rosie. 

William van Ale. 

Harmanus Wendel, Collector. 

The Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Roseboom, Johannis Harmense, 
Johannis Cuyler. Jonannis Beekmaiu 

Assessors. Constable. 

Abraham Schuyler, Nicholas Blake. 
Gysbert Marselis. 

Stephanus Groesbeek, Collector. 

The Third Ward. - 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Wessel ten Broek, Johannis Mingael, 

Johannis Abeel. Harpert Jacobse. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Evert Janse, Pieter Waldron* 

Frederik Harmense. 

Jacobus Schuyler, Collector. 
Anthony Bratt, Treasurer. 

For Canastageone. 

Jan Ouderkerke, Assessor. Lupyen, Constable. 
Maes Ricksie, Eldert Ouderkerke, Path Masters. 

For ye Half Moon. 

Jan van Ness, Assessor. Cornells van Ness Constable, 
Ruth Melgertse, High Constable. 

Att a meeting of y 6 JusticesJn y* Citty Hall y 8 14th of 
October, 1701. 

In obedience to y 6 Resolution made in y 6 last Court of 
Sessions, on y 6 7th of this Instant, Peter Coeyman doth 
appear, and alleadges that Hendrik Dow, y 6 late Consta- 



The City Records. 145 

ble in y 8 Colony of Rensselaerswyk ommitted to give 
warning unto severall Inhabitants in said Colony, to ap- 
pear and make choice in y 6 late Election primo June last 
for Assessors, Constable and Collector, to the s d Peter 
Coeymans disadvantage of so being chosen as Constable, 
notwithstanding by y 6 Perusal of y 6 Poll it is found that 
s d Coeyman is by majority of votes chosen Constable for 
s d Colony ; therefore wee are of opinion that s d Coeyman 
is to officiate the office of Constable for s" 1 Colony during 
y 6 present year, and that Hend. Dow y 6 late Constable, 
for so neglecting in giving warning to all and severall y* 
Inhabitants of s a Colony shall forfeit as a fyne y 6 summe 
of twenty shillings for the behooffe of y 6 Sheriffe of y* 
Citty and County of Albany. 

Att a Meeting of the Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
alty y 6 6th of November, 1701. 

Johannis Bleeker, Esq., Mayor of y 6 Citty of Albany, 
produces his Commission for Mayor, &c., and read to y* 
Aldermen and Commonality ; says to have taken y 6 Oath 
in New Yorke to officiate y 6 office depending on s d Com- 
mission, whereupon Capt. John Johnson Bleeker, y 6 late 
Mayor, delivers unto y^ present Mayor y 6 following writte- 
ings, which unto y* said late Mayor were by y 6 Common- 
ality intrusted, viz 1 : 

Copy of y* Patent for y 6 Colony Rensselaerswyk, bear- 
ing date y e 4th of November, 1685. 

The Charter of y 6 Citty of Albany dated y 6 23 d of July, 
1686. 

The Transport of Peter van Brugh, dated y 6 23 d of 
November, 1697. 

Together with a Dutch and English patent thereof, for- 
merly to his father, Johs. van Brugh. 

The Patent of Schahkook dated y 6 29th of March, 1698, 
together with Transport of y 6 same, from Hendk. van 
Rensselaer dated y 6 8th of August, 1699. 

It is Resolved by y 6 Mayor, Aldermen, and Common- 
ality y 1 whomsoever of s d authority as shall neglect or 
delay to appear on certain hours as shall be appointed, 
after y 6 warning given, shall forfeit y 6 summe of six shil- 



146 The City Records. 

lings for each time so neglected, and in case of refusal in 
paying such fine, shall be lawful for y 6 sheriffe to strain y 8 
same upon there goods and chatties before y e then next 
meeting, as also y y e aldermen doe lay under s d fyne in 
case they neglect to appear timely on y 6 certain Mayors 
Courts, or depart y e Citty the morning when said Court 
shall be held. 

Nov. 11. Mr. Johannis Lydius minister, Anthony van 
Schaick and Hendk. van Rensselaer elders, in y e behalfe 
of the Church Wardens of y e Reformed Netherdutch Con- 
gregation of Albany, doe appear and verbally sett forth 
how y 1 in Collecting of money for y e Ministers Sallary 
severall of said Congregation do refuse to contribute any 
more thereto, alleadgeing that they have no settled place 
in y 6 Church to sett on and hear y word of God. 

Doe therefore Request that y e Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality will be pleased to permit them to appoint 
persones to goe round by y e Inhabitants of this Citty and 
others in y e County belonging to said Congregation, to see 
what money can be voluntarily procured for y e enlargeing 
of said Church for y e more accommodation. 

The Mayor, Alderman and Commonality taking y 6 above 
request into Consideration, doe graunt y 6 same, Provided 
such summe or summes of money as so shall be procured 
be employed for y e use aforesaid and none else. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have appointed 
y e following persones as fyre masters of y e Citty for y 
ensueing year, viz 1 : Ryer Gerritse, Thomas Williams, 
Abraham Kip, Elbert Gerritse, Thomas Harmense, and 
Gerrit Ryckse, who are once in each three weeks till y 6 
14th of October next ensueing, to goe rounde with y 6 assist- 
ance of one or more Constables, and vew each house or 
room where fyre is held, and wherever a Chimney shall 
be founde too foul or fyre keep in unconvenient places, to 
cause the same to be removed the owner paying as a 
fyne 3s. for y 6 behooffe of y e fyre masters : who are also 
appointed y e way masters within y e limitation of the Citty. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler alderman, Johannis Beekman as- 
sistant, are appointed to inquire by the Citty Treasurer 
what there is still due of y e late Taxes and Lycence 



The City Records. 147 

money, and to make return the same to Mr. Mayor in the 
space of three days. 

It is concluded that a proclamation be made that no 
person shall sell strong Liquor by Retaile without Ly- 
cence, upon pain and penalty of forfeiting y e summe of 
5, according to act of assembly. 

As also that y e fyre leathers and hooks be laid by y 6 
Church, and whosoever as shall presume to use y e same, 
unless in distress of fyre, shall forfeit y e summe of 3s. as 
often as they shall be used, for y 6 Behooffe of y 6 Sheriffe, 
who is to take care of y" same. 

It is concluded y l y e following persons, viz*: Johannis 
Abeel, Johannis Roseboom, Aldermen, Johannis Harmense 
and Harp 1 Jacobse, Assistants, be appointed to vew y 6 
Stockadoes lately brought by Tierk Harmense &c., whe- 
ther y 6 same be sufficient and according to agreement, 
and to make returne of y e same unto Mr. Mayor in y e 
space of three times twenty-four houres ensueing y e date 
hereof. 

Oct. 15. Pursuant to y resolution taken y 6 llth of 
November instant, Alderman Johaunis Cuyler and Jobs. 
Beekman Assistant, doe return y 1 y e most part of y e Taxes 
and Lycences are still standing out. 

And whereas on y e 10th of October 1699, an order 
was drawn upon Capt. K. van Rensselaer, for 13:11, 
as also an other order upon Pr. Vosburgh and Jan Tysen 
for 15:17: 1, to be paid unto Hend. van Rensselaer, 
which orders wee y 6 Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
being uncertain whether they are accepted off by y 6 Per- 
sones upon whom they are drawne as aforesaid, doe there- 
fore appoint Mr. Job. Cuyler, alderman, Harp 1 Jacobse 
assistant, to inquire and make end of the matter, in order 
that y 6 s d Hend. van Rensselaer be charged for y 6 same. 

Aldermen Johannis Abeel & Joh. Roseboom, Johannis 
Harmense & Harp 1 Jacobse assistant, pursuant to y 8 
Resolution of y e other side, doe returne as that they fynde 
y 6 Citties Stockadoes delivered by Tierke Harmense, &c. 
according to agreement. 

Nov. 17. The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality, 
considering the great neglect of diverse Inhabitants in not 






The City Records. 

setting up their quotas of Stockadoes, on y 6 south and 
north side of this Citty, according to order, by proclama- 
tion on y e 20th of May, 1701, have therefore Resolved 
that a warrant be issued to the Sheriffe to strain the 
summe of 3s. upon y 6 goods and chattells of such person 
or persones for each Stockadoe so neglected, according to 
y 6 List given in by Mr. Joh. Cuyler and Job. Harmense, 
on y e 16th of Sept. last, who were thereto appointed, pro- 
vided y 6 overplus be returned to y e owner. 

It is further Resolved y 1 another warrant be issued to 
y 6 Sheriffe or any of y : Constables, to collect y 6 arrears 
of y e severall Taxes on this Citty, lately given out ac- 
cording to y 6 assessments thereof, and whoever as shall 
be founde unwilling or neglecting to pay there quotas, to 
strain y 6 same with Costs upon there goods and chatties, 
the overplus to be returned to y e owners, and that in y 6 
space of 48 hours ensuing y e date hereof. 

It is Resolved by y e Mayor, Aldermen, Commonality and 
the other gentlemen present, that y 6 Citty Stockadoes 
lately brought by Tierk Harmense, &c., be forthwith sett 
up in needful places of y 6 Citty walls, whereto Mr. David 
Schuyler alderman, Jacobus Turke assistant, is appointed 
to agree at y 6 cheapest rate with some fitt persones forth- 
with to sett up the same in such needful Place or Places 
as shall be ordered them by s d Jacobus Turke, who is ap- 
pointed overseer thereof with reasonable allowance for 
said duty; further, that Mr. Mayor is allowed to pay y 6 
charges out of y 6 first money. 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y e Citty Hall of Albany, 
y 6 25th of November, 1701. 

Patrick McGregory appears and humbly requests to be 
admitted one Carman for this Citty. The Court taken 
y e same into Consideration doe graunt y e same : Provided 
he first takes out his Citty freedom. 



Att a Meeting of y 6 Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality, y e 25th of Nov., 1701. 

Whereas Complaints are made y 1 diverse Inhabitants 
doe refuse to pay such summe or summes of money as 




The City Records. 

they are indebted to y 6 2 pr ct upon Indian go6fe> tod 
3d upon each gallon Rom graunted by act of assembly to 
y 6 Citty of Albany and County, to defray their necessary 
[expenses], which goods and Rom being landed and re- 
ceived in there houses before y e Determination of s d act, 
which expired 1st July last. The Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality, after viewing of said act, take it into con- 
sideration that such Person or Persones must pay y 6 mo- 
ney so indebted and thereto ordered y 6 City Treasurer 
to goe rounde and collect y 6 same, and in case such per- 
son or persones doe refuse to pay such debts, if under 
40s. to summonse them before any Justice, if above 40s. 
to sue for y 6 same at y 6 next Mayor's Court. Moreover 
Jacob Turke and Harp 1 Jacobse assistants, are appointed 
to assist said Treasurer. 

The Sheriffe, Jonathan Broadhurst, produces an ac- 
count of 4: 12:6, for householdship lost, which he by 
order of y 6 Mayor and Aldermen had delivered in y 6 
Leiv 1 Gov. lodgeing in y e fort last July, desyreing an order 
upon y 6 Treasurer for y 6 same; which is approved off, 
together with an account of Mr. Abeel for 3: 19: 3, to 
be paid by y 6 Citty and County. Also an account of 
Wm. Hogen for 15s. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have appointed 
Mr. Johannis Abeel, David Schuyler and Wessel ten 
Broek, aldermen, Luykas Gerritse, Job. Harmense, and 
Joh. Beekman, assistants, to view and make up y e Citty 
and Countyes accounts, from y 6 14th of October Ao 1700, 
to y 6 14th of October Ao 1701, and to make return of y 6 
same on y 6 next Mayor's Court. 

Nov. 29. The Ratelwatch, Jo. Rateliffe and Rob 1 Bar- 
rett, doe continue Ratelmen for y 6 ensueing year, from y ? 
29th of Nov. 1701 to y 6 29th of Nov. 1702, according to 
y 6 last agreement on y 6 26th of Nov. 1700, for 24 and 
80 load fyre wood, y e money to be paid quarterly; the 
watch they are to hold in y e Burger Blockhouse, on y 6 
Parrel street. Ordered that a warrant be issued to y 6 
assessors to make an assessment of 30 and 80 load of 
wood, to be laid upon y* inhabitants of this Citty, and to 
deliver said assessment to Mr. Mayor next Mayor's Court. 



150 The City Records. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
y^ 9th of December, 1701. 

Anthony Bratt Treasurer versus Claes Ripse van Dam. 
The plentive demands by declaration the summe of 4: 7: 6 
for 350 gallons Rom, entered by y e said defendant on y* 
23 d June last, due to said Citty and County, for Imposi- 
tion, as by an act of Assembly expired y* first of July 
then following. The Defendant denyes y e debt, alleadg- 
ing y l y e said act was expired before y e Rom was consumed. 
The Jury called and sworne, viz 1 , Wm. Claese, Anthony 
van Schaick, Elbert Gerritse, Jacob Bogart, Johannis 
Claese, Johannis Luykase, Levinus Winne, Wm. van Ale, 
Cornelis Schermerhoorn, Johannis Lansingh, William 
Gysbertse, Takel Dirkse: who went out, and came in, 
gave a verdict that they fynde y 6 Defendant not obliged 
to pay for what Rom he had at y 6 expiration of s d act. 
The Court doe approve of y 6 verdict. 

Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 
y 6 15th December, 1701. 

Mr. Mayor proposes desyringy 6 opinion of y* Common- 
ality if it is not requisite to issue a warrant to y assess- 
ors to make an assessment for as many stockadoes as will 
require to fortifye y e Citty with y 6 new stockadoes sett 
up this summer. The Commonality are of opinion that 
it may be referred till y 6 post arrives from New Yorke, 
which will be about new years day, alleadgeing that per- 
haps wee may receive assured news of y e continuation of 
peace, when it will not so necessarily require so great a 
reparation in one winter. 

The assessors have made an assessment for y 6 Ratel- 
watch of money and fyre wood, being produced by Mr. 
Mayor, is approved off, and ordered that a warrant be 
issued to y e Collector to collect y 6 same. 

Further Resolved that warning be sent to y 6 Justices 
in y 6 County to appear in y e Citty Hall, on y e 29th of this 
instant, in y e morning at 9 o'clock, there to make up y 6 
Citty and County's accounts. 

Nov. 29. Nine members of the Court met pursuant to 
the foregoing resolution, and adjourned to the first Tues- 



The City Records. 151 

day in February on account of the absence of some of the 
country members. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y Citty Hall of Albany , 
y e 20th of January, 170^. 

This day appeared before this Court Mr. John van 
Loon, and hath delivered into the office all such papers as 
he hath in his hands writt by Mr. Adriaen van Elpendam 
relateing y 6 publick, and thereby declared upon oath that 
he had no more such in his custody. 

Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 

y 6 2d of February, 170^. 

It is concluded by y e Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality that part of y 6 Citty be now repaired with stocka- 
does, viz 1 , on y 6 north side of y 6 Citty from y 6 east side of 
y 6 Burger Blockhouse, where y 6 new stockadoes ends, 
round by y e main guarde to y e gate called Moyealties 
poert, for which end Johannis Beekman and Johannis 
Thomase, assistants, are appointed forthwith to calculate 
what quantity of stockadoes will require to fill up y 6 
same ; which persones do return Eight hundred. Ordered 
that a warrant be issued to the assessors to make an as- 
sessment upon y e Inhabitants of this Citty for y 6 same, 
and to retume their assessment under hand and seale, to 
Mr. Mayor, in y 6 space of twice 24 hours. The stocka- 
does are to be of smove pinne barke, 13 foot long, and one 
foot at y 6 small end. 

Feb. 4. The assessors have returned there assessment 
for y 6 Citty stockadoes, laid upon y e Inhabitants as an- 
nexed and concluded and resolved that warning be given 
to each respective inhabitant by y 6 Constable or Consta- 
bles, to ride there quotas, as by y 6 Tax List doth appear 
to y e north side of y 6 Citty, on heaps between y 6 Burger 
Blockhouse and y 6 north east point of y 6 Citty wall, be- 
hynde y 6 widow Schuyler's, and that in y e time of this 
instant month, and however as shall be neglecting to ride 
their qnotaes in y e time aforesaid, shall forfeit a fyne of 
two shillings and three pence for each stockadoe not so 
ride, and still obliged forthwith to fulfil there quota. 

[Annals iv.] 14 



152 The City Records. 

Moreover that each inhabitant are to mark there stock- 



Albany, y 6 21st of Feb. 170. 

A Proclamation proclaimed that all persons within 
this Citty and County doe cause there weights and mea- 
sures be adjusted by Coenraet ten Eyck, in y e space of 
six months, upon pain of forfeiting y e sum of sixty shil- 
lings ; and whoever as shall send bags to y e mill with 
Corn without y 6 owners mark forfeits y e bags for y e be- 
hooffe of y 6 and sheriffe ; y 6 s d Coenraet is sworne this 
day Eyk master, who is allow for y e stamp on \veights 
Id, and on y e schepel 9d. 

February 21. Whereas Mr. Johannis Abeel, Johannis 
Schuyler and Johannis Cuyler, in y e late sessions were 
appointed to enquire why y e eighteen pounds by y 6 Jus- 
tice of Catskill and Coxhacky's warde contributed to y e 
Citty and County's charges from y 6 14th of Oct. to y e 
14th Oct. is so much neglected to be paid, and to de- 
termine y c same, who do returne report that they pro- 
ceeded in y 6 matter and desyred y e s d Justices and Col- 
lector to appear and answer s d neglect, who doe not ap- 
pear, only y e Collector, who pays 3:12, and says that y e 
fault for not collecting y e rest of y e money lays in y 6 Jus- 
tice, who forbid him to proceed. The Commonality ta- 
ken y e same into consideration, are unanimously of opin- 
ion that a warrant be forthwith issued to y e Sheriffe to 
attach Dirk Teunise and Jean Casperse, to appear before 
our next Inferior Court, and answer to what Complaints 
as shall be given against them. 



Att a Meeting of the Justices of the Citty and County 

of Albany, y 6 7th of March, 170| Present, Johannis 

Bleeker, Johannis Abeel, Wessel ten Broek, Johannis 

Roseboom, Johannis Cuyler, Dirk Teunise, Gerrit 

Teunise, Peter Vosburgh, John Casperse, Justices. 

Whereas wee and the rest of the Justices of this Citty 

and County, being by y c Sheriffe of this Citty and County 

summoned, as to have refused or delayed to take care 

that y 6 quota or proportion of y 6 2000 Tax, and y quota 



The City Records. 153 

or proportion of y 8 1000 Tax, raised by act of General 
Assembly of , this Province, be paid unto y e hands of y e 
Collector and Receiver General ; as also in another order 
to transmitt to y e Gov. or y e Clerk of y e Councill of this 
Province y e number of males in each respective Citty and 
Township within y e s d County, above y 6 age of 16 and 
under y e age of 60 years, and therefore to appear before 
y Gov. and Councill on y e breaking up of y e ice in y e 
River in y e Spring next, to answer y e same. 

Wee have therefore inquired in y e matter, and fynde 
that y e quota to y e =2000 Tax being for this County 
,120, is raised, collected and paid to Mr. Hend. Hanse, 
then Mayor, and that by an account under his hand y e 
said 126 is transmitted to S. V. Cortland, in his life- 
time Receiver General, having yet over and above said 
summe in hand, 2: 18:6, and 4 schepels somer Tarwe, 
or wheat, as by s d account doth appear, and therefore of 
opinion in case said Mr. Hanse doth not pay what money 
he hath still in hand due to s d Tax before y e going off of 
y e first sloop, that then y e Gov. and Councill may be ac- 
quainted with y same. N. B. They demand still 4: 15: 10. 

As to y e county's quota to y e 1000 Tax, being 60, 
which is almost paid in, it is resolved y 1 y e rest thereof 
shall be paid unto Mr. Johannis Bleeker y e present mayor 
forthwith, before any sloop goe off, and whoever Justice 
or Justices as shall neglect to pay their full quotaes to- 
wards the same, to complain of him to y e Gov. & Councill. 

As to y e list of Males within this County, as required, 
was delivered in hands of Capt. John Johnson Bleeker, 
late mayor, then going down to New Yorke, says to have 
given them over with his own hands to Mr. Cozins, clerk 
of y e Councill. 

It is further Resolved, that for y e future all Taxes laid 
upon y e Citty and County, the warrants to be issued shall 
be signed by y e Justices of y e Citty and County, provided 
y 6 Justices of y e County are to appear in Albany at y e 
signing thereof; also that all quotaes or agreements 
whatever, by y e County Justices, each in his respective 
warde, as shall be due from time to time, are obliged to 
pay y 6 same to y e Justices in y e Citty. 



154 The City Records. 

William, by y e Grace of God of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, King, Defender of y e Faith, &c., 
Greeting: You are hereby commanded to collect all such 
arrears of Taxes as are still behynde hand, and due to y e 
King and County from y e warde of Catskill and Coxhacky, 
and whoever as shall be founde neglecting or unwilling to 
pay there arrears of such Taxes, to strain y e same upon 
there goods and catles, y e overplus to be restored to y e 
owner; in doeing whereof this shall be your sufficient 
warrant. Given in Albany y e 9th of March, in y e 13th 
year of his Majesty's reign, annoq Do. 170. 

To William Janse, 

Constable and Collector of Catskill and Coxlmcky, to be served forthwith. 

JOHANNIS BLEEKER, 
JOH. ABEEL, 
JOH. SCHUYLER, 
JOH. CUYLER, 
JOH. ROSEBOOM, 
WESSEL TEN BROEK, 

bis 

GERRIT -J- TEUNISE, 

mark. 

DAVID SCHUYLER, 
DIRK TEUNISE, 
JAN CASPERSE, 

Justices. 

Att a meeting of y e Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
Councill in Albany, the 31st of March, 1702. 

It is Resolved that a Proclamation be made to Ring y e 
hogs belonging to this Citty, in there noses, in y e space 
of thrice 24 hours, upon penalty of forfeiting y e same, as 
also that each Inhabitant doe remove there fyre wood 
from y e streets, and to lay y e timber wood together, be- 
fore y 6 first of May next ensueing, upon penalty of for- 
feiting for each day after primo May not so removed, y e 
summe of three shillings, and that y e Constables be not 
neglecting by turns to goe round and see that y e Sabbath 
day be not Broak, which proclamation is accordingly pro- 
claimed. N. B. Y e fynes herein contained are to be for 
y e behooffe of y e Sheriffe. 



The City Records. 155 

Capt. James Weemms presents to y 6 Hon. Coll. Peter 
Schuyler, one of His Maj. Honorable Councill for y 6 
Province of New Yorke, &c., and to y 6 worshipful y 6 
Mayor and Aldermen of the Citty of Albany, y e pre- 
sent State and Condition of His Maj's Souldiers posted 
in this Garrison of Albany, viz 1 . 
Gentlemen : 

The good of his maj's Service, together with your own 
Interest and Security, doth oblige me in behalfe of his 
maj's Companies posted here and at Schenectady, to let 
you know, that it is now seventheen weeks since any sub- 
sistence has been remitted to them, and am now at my last 
shifts, with course to take for y 6 supporting of them, hav- 
ing already advanced every penny I had, and pawned 
both moveables and credit as far as it will goe, for there 
Relieffe before I would be troublesome to you, and hitherto 
to a wonder neither outrage or dammage has been done 
to any of his maj's Subjects, by either garrison, tho at 
present to my certain knowledge, many of y e souldiers 
are reduced to Bread and water; and Gentlemen it is al- 
together out of my power to assist either officer or soul- 
diers, having already done to the utmost of my power for 
his maj's Service, so that it now remains only in you gen- 
tlemen to take our Case into your serious Consideration, 
and see what is most expedient for his maj's Interest and 
the present support of both garrisons, until some other 
can be taken which is all I can offer or say but that I 
am, 

Gentlemen, 

Your most humble servant, 

JAMES WEEMMS. 
Albany, March y 6 2T, 1702.- 

In pursuant of y 6 above Remonstrance y 6 mayor, alder- 
men and assistants have resolved to ask Joh. Groenendyk 
if he would be pleased to deliver y 6 first quarters rent of 
y e accise, being 42: 10, expired y 6 28th of February last, 
towards y 6 payment of y e garrison, and that Coll. Schuyler 
Capt. Weems and y e s d mayor, aldermen and assistants, 
would give bond to indemnify him, who after a Consider- 



156 The City Records. 

ation condescended to y e matter, provided that an assign- 
ment of Richard Hill on Capt. Bennett, being 3, should 
therein be axcepted as part of payment, and in case any 
dammage should accrue on y* persons so signing y l y c 
Citty should be layable to satisfye y e same. 

Att a Meeting of y e Justices in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
y* 3 1st of March, 1702. 

In pursuant to y e late summonse from Gouverneur and 
Councill as entered on y e 7th Instant, it is concluded that 
Mr. Johannis Cuyler Esq., alderman, shall in y e behalfe 
of y* rest of y e Justices for y e Citty and County of Albany, 
addresse himselfe to his honor y e governeur and Councill 
to ask there pardon in neglecting the former orders, as 
also that he shall take along to New Yorke y e remainder 
of y e 2000 Tax, being 4:15:10; likewise y 6 Citty and 
Countys quota to y e 1000 Tax, being 60, or as much 
as shall be ready, to deliver y e same to his maj'es Col- 
lector and Receiver Genii for y e Province of New Yorke, 
together with a letter to the governeur. 

Att a Meeting of y e Mayor and Aldermen of y Citty of 
Albany, y e 28th of April, 1702. 

This day Joh. Groenendyk produces a Deputation to 
receive his maj'es quit rents in this County and Ulster, 
and hath under oath faithfull to doe y 6 same, together 
with y 6 oath of aleadgence and supremicy, signing y e Test 
and association. 

The Mayor proposes y e setting up of y* Citty Stocka- 
does. It is first concluded y 1 y e Constables in there re- 
spective wards shall goe rounde and appoint each inha- 
bitant to shew him there stockadoes, which they were 
taxed to ride, and that then each warde shall sett up there 
stockadoes so taxed, beginning with y 6 first warde on 
Monday y e 3 d of May next, then y 6 2 tf and 3 d warde. 

May 6. Agreed with Mr. Cuyler, Joh. Beekman, and 
Melgert Melgertse, to sharp, squair and sett up in good 
order y 6 new Stockadoes, Ride by y 6 Inhabitants for y e 
Citty, on y e place appointed on y e north side of y e Citty, 
also to close y e places left open y e last year, wherefore 



The City Records. 157 

they are to have for each Stockadoe so sett up, six pence 
currant money. And that an assessment be laid on y e 
Inhabitants, and raised for that purpose forthwith, and y l 
y* old Stockadoes doe remain to y 6 Citty. 

May 20th. The assessors having returned there as- 
sessment of 20:5:6, which is by Mr. Mayor produced, 
and by y e commonality approved, doe order that warrant 
be forthwith issued to y e assessors for y e speedy collecting 
of y e same, in y e space of six dayes ensueing y e date hereof. 

May 30. Whereas Complaints are made that severall 
Persones inhabiting within this county doe very much di- 
minish y e Eights and Priviledges of this Citty, by Trade- 
ing with Indians in y e County, contrary to y 6 Charter of 
the Citty, it is therefore concluded that Wessel ten Broek, 
Johannis Cuyler and David Schuyler, aldermen, doe on 
Monday next, being y e first of June, convein and vizite y e 
Charter of said Citty, and order a warrant to be drawne, 
as the said Charter directs, against such Tradeing in y e 
said County. 

The Proclamation for y e Indian Trade is made and or- 
dered to be published, as formerly, only altered y e fine for 
y e receipt of Indians into y e houses, that it shall be upon 
each Indian or Squae, and that all y e fines are for y 6 be- 
hooife of y e Commonality one-third, and for y e Sheriffe 
two-thirds, to sue for y e same ; excepting y 1 y* fine for 
Trading on y e Sabbath day, which is for such as shall sue 
for y 6 same. 

Moreover there is inserted that no Indians shall be 
Ride or brought nearer than y e upward Indian house, 
upon penalty of forfeiting nine shillings for y e behooffe of 
y e Sheriffe. This is published y e 3 d of June, is as follows, 

[Here follows a proclamation very similar to those on 
p. 108, vol. ii, and p. 13, 14, vol. iii, of these Annals.] 

It is further concluded, y 1 each Inhabitant shall Ring 
there hoggs in there noses, to prevent damage in y 6 Com- 
mons, as also to remove there Fyre Wood from y e Streets 
y 1 in y e space of Eight Days ensueing y e Date thereof, 
upon penalty of forfeiting such hoggs not Ringed, and fire 
wood, for y e behooffe of y e High Sheriffe of y e said Citty 
and County, who is to sue for y e same. 



158 The City Records. 

Given in Albany y e 30 day of May, in y e 14th year of 
his majesties Reign, Ao Do 1702. God Save The King. 

June 3, Leiv 1 Matthew Schanks, Henry Holland, and 
Richard Brewer, officers of his maj'es Garrison posted at Al- 
bany, doe appear in Common Councill and sett forth how 
that the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen of the Citty of New 
Yorke, in consideration of his maj's signall favors to this 
Province, in sending over such number of forces for y e 
defence of said Province, have graunted unto y 6 Officers 
and Souldiers posted in his maj 'es fort at New Yorke ; doe 
therefore desire that this Commonality will take y e same 
into there consideration, and admitt y e Officers and Soul- 
diers now belonging to y e companies posted at Albany 
aforesaid in like manner there freedom of this Citty. 

The above desire is taken in Consideration, and doe 
adjourn this Common Councill till towards y 6 evening at 
one half hour Sonne. 

In y evening y 6 Common Councill being convened, Mr. 
Mayor desyres that it may be again adjourned for eight 
days longer, which by y Recorder being put to y 6 vote, 
the major votes are that the matter desyred may be an- 
swered as well now as over eight days, and therefore are 
of opinion that y e Common Councill doe proceed. 

Whereupon y e Recorder desyres the opinion of y e Com* 
mon Councill whether y e officers and souldiers posted here 
at Albany shall be admitted freemen of this Citty, and how. 

The major votes are of opinion that there freedom be 
graunted gratis, and that y e mayor, recorder and aldermen 
or y e mayor or any three aldermen, doe administer unto 
them the oath of a freeman, and graunt them certifi. 
cates thereof under the Seale of the Citty, and that the 
Town Clerke register there names as freemen accordingly, 
any former Law to the contrary in any wise notwjth- 
Standing. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 18th of August, 1702. 

Upon y request of Coll. Peter Schuyler in y 6 behalfb 
of his Mother, Mrs. Margaret Schuyler, on y e 16th instant 
ft warrant was issued to y e Sheriffe to fetch y 6 negroe 



The City Records. 159 

Tarn, belonging to Claes van Bockhorne ? who is accused 
to have received severall goods and money from the two 
negroe women of said Mrs. Schuyler, who have taken y e 
same from her, whereupon y e said negroe Tarn appears 
here, and being examined confesses to have received money 
from y 6 said negroe woman, but hath sometime thereafter 
delivered y 6 same to y e negroe of Johannis Beekman, y e 
Court are thereof of opinion, since he hath returned said 
money that he or his master shall be pay the Charges 
fallen thereon, in the meantime the said negroe .shall re- 
main y 6 custody of y 6 Sheriffe till such time he hath re- 
ceived satisfaction. 



Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Al- 
bany the 18th of August, 1702. 

It is proposed by the Recorder that his Excellency My 
Lord Cornbury, observing y e Gutter from y e Spring water 
into y e fort well decayed, offers in case y e Inhabitants will 
provide wood sufficient, his excellency then will be at the 
charge to bore y e same, in order that a lasting gutter may 
be laid before y e foundation of y* 5 fort wall there be built. 
This being taken into Consideration, the Commonality 
are unanimously of Opinion, and thereupon Resolve to de- 
liver such w'ood to y 6 use aforesaid from y e spring through 
y 6 fort, and as far as y e east bounds of the said fort, hav- 
ing appointed Johannis Abeel, Recorder, and Joh. Schuyler, 
alderman, to endeavor and agree with my lord to have y ? 
wood bored and laid so far as aforesaid Resolved, and 
further for s d persones appointed to agree with some fitt 
person or persones to Ride said wood at y e cheapest Rate. 

Resolved that a Tax of one hundred pounds be laid 
upon y e Corporation, and that a warrant be issued to y e 
assessors to make an estimation of y e Estates within said 
Corporation, and to return y 6 same under there hands and 
seales in y e space of three times twenty-four hours, and 
then said assessment be collected by y e Collector, before 
y e first of Sept., 1702. 

Aug. 26. The assessors have, according to a warrant 
of y 6 18th instant, delivered to Mr. Mayor an estimation 



160 The City Records. 

of the Estates within this Corporation, which is now by 

Mr. Mayor here produced, amounting y e 

1st warde to, - 2652 

2dwarde, - . - 1958 

3d warde, - - - - 1294 



5904 

Whereupon is Resolved and Laid upon each pounde four 
pence half penny, and ordered that a warrant be issued to 
y 6 Collector to collect y c same, in y e space of five days, or 
before primo .September next ensueing. 

It is further Resolved, fynding y e Citty Stockadoes so 
much out of Repair, and y Gates all lying open, that Mr. 
Johannis Abeel shall forthwith employ persones to make 
and fix up y e Gates of said Citty in good order, before y e 
y Stockadoes can be orderly closed, and that Mr. Mayor 
and Alderman Schuyler, Alderman Roseboom, and Luykas 
Gerritse, shall supply materials to close y" Gardine or 
Citty fence, where Creeks run throw y same. 

Aug. 29. It is Resolved that the Supperior Officers of 
this Citty shall give ( warning to the Inhabitants of there 
Companies, viz 1 : The Troops under Command of Capt. 
Schuyler, and y e other two Companies under Command 
Capt. Wessel ten Broek and Capt. Mynd 1 Schuyler, and 
to each other men and wedows of this Citty, not under 
command of Companies, to appear on Monday next, being 
y 31st instant, in y e morning at 6 a clock, at such place 
or places as y c officers shall cause to be warned, then and 
there to repair the Citty walls, upon penalty of forfeit- 
ing y e summe of 6s. currant money. 

Sept. 2. Ordered that the following Proclamation be 
proclaimed, viz 1 : By authority aforesaid, and Justices of 
y County. 

A Proclamation. 

Whereas wee are sencible of y e dayly visitations of 
Almighty God to our neighbours of New Yorke, with great 
sicknesse and sudden death, altho lesse punishment than 
they or wee have deserved, yet not to withstand y e hand 
of Almighty, but as much as in us lyes to shune any ill 
distemper, wee, the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen, and 



The City Records. 161 

Commonality, and Justices, doe hereby Publish and Pro- 
hibite that no Person or Persones, either with Sloop, 
Boat, Canoe or other Vessell, shall from hence depart to 
New Yorke, except it be an Expresse, and that no per- 
son or persons shall in like manner, or any other way, 
come from New Yorke to this Citty, nearer than y" Island 
called Bearen Island, twelve miles to y" south of this 
Citty, and there to remain till further order from us, 
and also that no wolling .goods be landed from y e sloop 
or vessell of Peter Bogardus late arrived, or any other ves- 
sells that arrives, as they will answer to y" contrary on 
there outmost perill. 

Sept. 15. Mr. Hendrik Roseboom, Sexton of this 
Citty, appears in Common Councill and desyres they will 
be pleased to confirm him in that office, which being taken 
in consideration, is granted him according to his former 
authorization. 

Sept. 18. It is Concluded that Hend. Roseboom be paid 
out of y e late Tax of 100 for his Services y e late year 
expired primo August last, - 10 

To Turk Harmense, - - - 5;16:9 

To Dirk van der Heyden, - - - 18: 9:9 
To Rob 1 Livingston Junior, 10 

To Anthony Bratt, .... 5 
To James Parker, ... 5 

To Mrs. Marg 1 Schuyler y e whole what is due to 
her, having appointed Mr. Johannis Cuyler, 
and Rob 1 Livingston Jr., and Anthony Bratt to 
ballance her account. 



Att a Meeting of y Justices of y Citty and County of 
Albany, y 6 21 September, 1702: Present, Johannis 
Rleeker, Johannis Abeel, Johannis Cuyler, Johannis 
Roseboom. 

Dirk van der Heyden appears and informs that his 
Broyr in law, Pawlus Miller, being in this County, is in- 
formed of y e late Proclamation against any persones from 
New Yorke to come nearer this Citty than Bearen Island, 
therefore humbly makes application to be permitted into 
this Citty. The Justices are of opinion, since his Excell. 



162 TK6 City Records, 

my Lord Cornbury is dayly expected, that said Paulus 
Miller shall remain there in y 6 County where he now is, 
till his Excellency's arrival here. 

Leiv* Henry Holland makes application to y e Mayr, Re- 
corder & Alder'n, that they will be pleased to appoint two 
persones to take an Inventary of y e Estate of Edward 
Reimes, late Souldier under Command of Capt. Weems, 
and freeman of this Citty, deceased, who accordingly have 
appointed Johannis Groenendyk and Rob 1 Livingston Ju- 
nior to take Inventory of y e s d Estate, and appraise y 6 same. 

Sept. 22. 'Ordered that y e following warrant be en* 
tered, viz 1 : 

Citty of Albany: Anne by the Grace of God of England 
Scotland, France and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the 
Faith, &c., to y e Sheriffe of y e Citty and County of Albany 
or his Deputy, greeting: Wee command you, that since 
Wee are informed y l severall persones do presume contrary 
to y c late Proclamation to come within y e limits of s d pro- 
clamation, y l all persons that have entered e within y e s d 
limitation or whatsoever person or persones as hereafter 
shall enter within y e same, to take such person or persones 
into your custody, there to remain until such time they 
give sufficient security for there appearance to answer 
that contempt at y then next Court of Sessions, wherein 
you are in no ways to omitt. Dated in Albany this 22d 
of Sept. in y c first year of her maj's Reign, Ao Do 1702. 

JOHANNIS BLEEKEB, Justice, 
JOHANNIS ABEEL, 
JOHANNIS ROSEBOOM, 
JOHANNIS CUYLER. 

Albany y e 14th of October, Ao 1702. This day being 
appointed by the Charter of this Citty for the Aldermen of 
there respective Wards to make Return of the Aldermeni 
Assistants, Assessors, and Constables, who Return as 
follows, viz't 

In the First Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Schuyler, Jacob Turke, 

David Schuyler. Luykas Gerritse. 



The City Records. 163 

Assessors. Constable. 

Johannis Gerritse, Stephanus Groesbeek. 

William van Alle. 

Claes Luykase, Collector. 

The Second Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Roseboom, Johannis Beekman, 
Johannis Cuyler. Johannis Harmense. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Elbert Gerritse, Myndert Roseboom. 

Warner Carstense. 

Isaac Verplank, Collector. 

The Third Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hendrik Hanse, Ruth Melgertse, 

Johannis Mingacl. Frans Winne. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Gerrit van Ness, Ary Oothout. 

Dirk Bratt. 

Jacob Schuyler, Collector. 
Anthony Bratt, Treasurer. John Rosie, High Constable. 

For Canastageone. 

Dirk Bratt, Constable. Cornelis Tymese, Assessor. 
Maes Rickse, Claes Gerritse, Path Masters. 

For ye Half Moon. 

Elbert Harmense, Asses'r. Jacobus Skoonhoven Const'e. 
Jan van Ness, Path Master. 



Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Al- 
bany, y e 29th of October, 1702 -.Present, Johannis 
Abeel, Recorder, Johs. Schuyler, David Schuyler, 
Johs. Roseboom. Johs. Cuyler, Hend. Hansen, Johs. 
Mingael, Jacob Turke, Luykas Gerritse, Johs. Beek- 
man, Ruth Melgertse, Frans Winne. 
The Recorder proposes that a vessel may be admitted 
to Convoy doune y" Representatives to Kings County. Y e 
Justices are of opinion and doe permitt y same to goe 
doune and come directly up to Albany, provided y e master 
of y 6 s d vessel or any oyer passenger y 1 goes with him doe 
[ Annals iv.] 15 



i64 The City Records. 

not goe into New Yorke. Y e s d master, William van Ale, 
oblidges himself on his perrill that if any of s d passen- 
gers goe into New Yorke, they or none else from thence 
shall enter again on his board, and further y e s d master 
is on his arrivall into this County, if any persones on his 
board befalle sick thereon by y e way, to stop at Beeren 
Island till further order, otherwise admitted to come di- 
rectly up to the Citty. Johs. van Ale upon his Request 
desyres y 6 same priviledge, oblidgeing himselfe in like 
manner, which is so graunted. 

The Recorder desyres y" opinion of y Commonality 
whether they think requisite that a Gate to y e south of 
y fort be sett up, or j e place shutt too. Y' major votes 
are to sett up a new gate. 

Nov. 24. Since Complaints are made that y e Burger 
Blockhouse is in want of fyrewood, and whereas severall 
persones, Inhabitants of this Citty, have neglected to Ride 
there quota of wood to y e same. It is therefore Resolved 
that all and every person so neglecting shall Ride there 
s d quotas to y e s d Blockhouse in space of five days after 
y 6 date hereof, upon penalty of forfeiting ISd. and still 
oblidged to deliver s d wood. 

It is Resolved by y c Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality 
that whosoever of said authority as shall neglect or delay 
to appear on certain hours as shall be appointed, after y 
warning given, shall forfeit y e summe of six shillings for 
each time so neglected, and in case of refusal in paying 
such fyne, shall be lawfull for y e Sheriffe to strain y e same 
upon there goods and chattels before y e then next meet- 
ing, as also that y" Aldermen doe lay under said fyne in 
case they neglect to appear timely on y e certain Mayor's 
Courts, or depart y e Citty y morning when said Court 
shall be held. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality have appointed 
y" following Persones fyre masters and way masters 
within y Citty for y e ensueing year, viz 1 : Levinus Winne 
and Anthony Coster, Pr. Mingael and Rynier Myndertse, 
Barent Bratt and Jan Corn. Visselaer, who are once in 
each three weeks till y 6 14th of October next, to goe 
round with y* assistance of one and more Constables, and 



The City Records. 165 

vew each House and Room where fyre is held, and where- 
ever a Chimney shall be founde too foul, or fyre keep in 
unconvenient places, to cause y" same be removed, y e 
owner paying as a fyne 3s. for y e behooffe of y e s d fyre 
masters, to whom a warrant shall be directed. 

Proclamation is given out against Retailing without 
Lycence, which is Prohibited on penalty of five pounds. 

As also that y e fyre leathers and hooks shall not be ta- 
ken from y e Church where they are ordered to bo, upon 
penalty of 3s. for y 6 behooffe of y e Sheriffe, who is ordered 
to take care of y e same. 

Dec. 8. [Present, the mayor, recorder, and all the al- 
dermen and assistants.] Resolved that 1550 Citty stock- 
adoes of pain wood, and two hundred load of fire wood 
be assessed on y 6 Inhabitants of this Citty, between this 
and the 12th of this Instant. And that y e same stocka- 
does be in length 13 foot, and at y e thinnest end one foot 
square, as formerly, and them to be Ride between this 
and y first of February next, each quota on there re- 
spective number, within y" Toun stockadoes, also y e fire 
wood to be brought at y guards where it shall be ordered, 
and in case of neglecting, to pay for each stockadoe y e 
fine of 18 pence, and for each Load of Wood 3s. to y e 
behooffe of y" Sheriffe, and that a warrant shall be di- 
rected for y e assessement accordingly. 

[Then follows the warrant in the usual form.] 

Resolved that Johannis Schuyfer, Hend. Hansen and 
Johannis Cuyler, aldermen, Luykas Gerritse, Johannis 
Beekman and Ruth Melgertse, assistance, doe inquire to 
y- accounts of Citty and County, by Anthony Bratt Trea- 
surer, and that they bring their Report in Common Coun- 
cill on y e next Court Day. 

By the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance of the 
Citty of Albany. 

These are to forbid all Retailers in this Citty that they 
shall not presume to sell any Strong Drink to any of y 3 
Souldiers belonging to Her Maj. Garrison here, or to re- 
ceive them unto their Houses after nine of y 6 Clock, or 
Taptoe, in y e night time, upon Penalty for each offence 



166 The City Records. 

twenty shillings Currant Money of this Province, to y* 
Behooffe of y c Sheriffe. Given in Albany this 8th day of 
December, in y e first year of her maj'es Reign, Ao 1702. 
God save the Queen. 

ANNE by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, 
France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of ofy" Faith, &c., 
to y ? Sheriffe ofy ? Citty and County of Albany, greeting : 
Wee Command you to summonse Twelf good and Lawful 
Men to Inquire to y" Body of Jacob van Noorstrant Junr, 
now deceased, how he came to his End, and to bring there 
Verdict upon Oath under Hand and Seale, unto Me. 
Herein you are in no ways to omitt upon Perrill. Given 
in Albany this 8th of December, in y first year of Her 
Maj'es Reign, Annoq Dom , 1702. 

ALBERT RYKM., Crooner. 
To Jacob Turke Esq., High Sheriffe of y e 
Citty and County of Albany. 

Gerritt van Ness of y" Citty of Albany, aged about 57 
years, declared on y e Holy Evangelists upon oath, that 
this day about three of the Clock in y 6 afternoon, he was 
into y ; Woods on Shinnechtady Road in this County of 
Albany, with one Jacob van Noorstrant Junr, deceased, 
and that y Deponent was Cutting of a pine three, like- 
wise was y said Jacob Cutting to another Pine Three 
close one to an other, and that when y' Three of y 6 De- 
ponent was falling doune, he called to s d Van Noorstrant 
and saith, Jacob, Jacob; at which Moment the tree ofy" 
s d Jacob V. Noorstrant was also falling doun. And y s d 
Jacob did runn under y e tree of y Deponent just in y" 
falling, in so much that y c aforesaid tree of y c Deponent 
strook y" said Jacob V. Noorstrant to Dead by his acci- 
dent, and further s d not. 

Gerritt Van Ness Junr, the sonn of Hend. v. Ness, of 
y 6 Colony of Rensselaerswyck, in y 1 County afores d , aged 
about one and twenty years, declared upon oath that he 
was Present in y e falling of s d two threes, and confirming 
y above Deposition of Gerritt van Ness his uncle. 

Sworn in Albany the 9th day of December, 1702, before 
mee, ALBERT RYCKMAN, Justcs. 

JOH. CUYLER, JuSteS. 



The City Records. 167 

Wee underwritten Jury, being upon oath, bring in our 
Verdict of y e body of Jacob van Noorstrant Junr dec d , and 
doe find that the said Jacob came to his Dead accidently 
by cutting of Pine Three into the Woods on Shinnechtady 
Road, in the County of Albany, as witnesse our hands 
and seales in Albany this 8th day of Dec. [&c.], 1702. 
[Signed] Anthony van Schaick, William Groesbeeck, 
Pieter Mingael, Thomas Harmensen, 

Johannis Dewandlaer, Hend. Vroman, 
Barent ten Eyck, Gerrit Rycksen', 

William Jacobsen, Johannis v. Vechte, 

Warnaer Karsteiisen, Harmanus Wendel. 
Dec. 14. The Tax Lists of the three several wards of 
this Citty for 1550 Toun stockadoes, and 200 load of fire 
wood, according y Resolution of y e 8th instant, being 
brought in and approved of y e same, and Resolved that a 
Proclamation be published as following: 

By the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistants of ye 
Citty of Albany, 

These are in Her Maj'es name to give notice to all y* 
Inhabitants of this Citty that each of them doe finde or 
Ride their quota of one thousand five hundred and fifty 
Toun Stockadoes, and two hundred load of fire Wood, 
between this and the first of February next, the said 
Stockadoes to bee of yaloe Pine, and in length thirteen 
foot, and one foot square at the thinnest end, as formerly, 
and that the same bee Ride each quota on their respective 
number within the Walls of this Citty; the first Person 
or Numbres in the first ward is to lay them where y" new 
ones last Spring were left, being on y" north of y 6 Geat 
by Harme Gansevoort, and so southerly along with y e 
Sunn, and at y 1 end of said Ward ye Second is to begin, 
and at y 6 end thereof y e Third Ward is to follow accord- 
ingly, and that every one shall bee oblidged to produce 
there Stockadoes after y* first of February aforesaid, and 
to Ride y 6 firewood sufficient loads at y e Guard, where it 
shall bee ordered, with notice thereof before unloaded to 
y" Constables in there respective Wards, who are hereby 
required to take notice accordingly, within y e time afore- 



J68 The City Records. 

said, and in case of neglect of y Inhabitants or others 
concerned, to pay as a fine for each Stockadoe y 6 summe 
of 18 pence Currant Money of this Province ; also for 
each load of fire Wood soo neglected 3 shillings like mo- 
ney, for y e behooffe of y 6 Sheriffe. Given in Albany this 
14 Day of December, in the first Year of Her Maj's 
Reign, Annoq Domini, 1702. 

God Save the Queen. 

Mr. Johannis Cuyler having produced to Mr. Mayor an 
Order of His Excellency y e Governour and Councill dated 
y 17th of December last, for y e collecting of all quit rents 
due to Her Majes. in y e Citty and County of Albany, 
doth therefore demand y e quit rents dew by y e Charter of 
this Citty, dated y e 22 d July, 1686, at one Bever Skinn on 
y c 25th March annually. Also y quit rents of y e Patent 
from Hend. Van Renselaer of Schaahkook Land to y e 
Citty, dated y 6 29th of March, 1698, at 16 shillings Cur- 
rant Money yearly. 

Johannes Abeel, Recorder, Hend. Hansen and Johannis 
Cuyler, Aldermen, are appointed to bee a Committee to 
inquire by all y e former Mayors respectively if any pay- 
ment since s d Charter was made, and to bring theire Re- 
port in Common Councill before y e first of January next 
ensueing. 

Dec. 22. Johannis Schuyler and y c rest of y e Com- 
mittee appointed y n 8th instant doe bring their Report of 
y* Debts of this Citty and County on a sheet Paper, now 
delivered in Common Councill, of which is Concluded to 
be layd before y e Justices of s d Citty and County. 

By the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Commonality of 

the Citty of Albany. A Proclamation. 
Whereas Complaints are made of y e disorderly Rideing 
in this Citty, also of y e firing in Uncapable Houses, and 
other Places, and that no care bee taken of y e fire and 
ashes which are carried out y c dwellings ; likewise that 
severall Inhabitants of this Citty doe presume to take 
Hay and other Long Feed for their Cattle unto their 
Houses and other inconvenient Places, all contrary to 
former Proclamations respectively. Wee therefore doe 



The City Records. 169 

Renew all former orders of y Premises in full power and 
vertue upon y 6 penalty of fines therein expressed, to y 6 
behooffe of y c Sheriffe. Given [&c.] Dec. 22, 1702. 

Att a Mayors Court held in y Citty Hall of Albany the 
29th of January, 170|. 

Johannis Cuyler, Plentive, Ryer Schermerhoorn, John 
Baptist [van Eps], John Wemp, Defendants. 

Coonraet ten Eyck, Hend. Vroman, Anthony v. Schaick 
Barent ten Eyck, William Claese, Gerrit Rycksen, Johs. 
D. Wandelaer, Tho. Harmense, Harmanus Wendel, Le- 
vinus Winne, Peter Mingael, William Jacobse. [Jury.] 

The Plentive demands by Declaration for y 6 behooffe 
of her majes. y e quit rents of a Certain Patent whereof 
the Defendants are the Patenties, of land belonging to y e 
toune of Shinnechtady, y c quantity of 160 bushels, being 
4jaers quitt, at 40 bushels per annum. Thomas Wil- 
liams, attorney for Ryer Schermerhoorn and John Wemp, 
defendants, in there behalfe, and John Baptist for himself, 
informs that y e s d Defendants have Petitioned to his Ex- 
cellency y 6 Governour and Councill for releeve in said 
Quitt Rent, and therefore prays that the action may be 
referred till an answer on s d request. [Consented to.] 

Melg 1 Wynantse, Plentive, Effie Hanse, Defendant. 
The Plentive by his Atturney John Collins, demands by 
Declaration 96 Gilders in Beavers and 2 schepels of wheat. 
The Def l by her sonn Hend'k Hanse alledges that y e at- 
turney is not empowered by y e Plentive Melg 1 Wynants, 
and therefore desyres nonsuit, which is by y e Mayor, Re- 
corder and Aldermen taken into consideration and graunt- 
ed accordingly. 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
y 6 19th of Jan'y, 170|. 

It is Resolved that an assessement be layd on y e Inha- 
bitants within y e limits of this Citty for 1600 Load of 
Sand, either with slees or carts, to be Ride to fill up y e 
burying place of y e Citty. 

In pursuance of y e Resolution of y e 14th December last 
Johannis Abeel Recorder, Hend'k Hansen and Johannis 



170 The City Records. 

Cuyler, Alde'n, having inquired by all y former Mayors 
of this Citty of Albany, also by y c books of y e several 
Treasurers thereof, and doe fynde y 6 payment towards 
her Maj'es quitrent of our Charter of s d Citty till y" 25th 
of March, 1693, and no further, being at one Beaver skin 
per annum ; and that no payment of quitrent as yet, not 
.made on y e Patent from Hen'k van Rensselaer, of Land at 
Shaahkook, dated y e 29th of March 1698, the same being 
a sixteen shillings Currant Money yearly on y e 25th day 
of March. 

It is therefore Concluded by y e Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonality, that John Abeel, Recorder, Joh. Cuyler, 
Alderman, and Jacob Turke, Assistant, doe buy on ac- 
count of said Citty, Tenn good Beaver skins, to be paid out 
of y e Citty Treasury ; also to receive out of y 6 same four 
pounds Currant money; and that y e said Beavers and 
Money both be paid unto Johannis Cuyler aforesaid, on 
y 6 25th of March next ensueing, he being Impowered to 
collect her Maj'es quitrent here, it being in full for quit- 
rent of y" Charter and Patent aforesaid, to y 6 25th March 
1703, inclusive. 

Mr. John Abeel informs that he hath hyred the hynde 
Chamber of Philip Schuyler for lodging for Leiv 1 Charles 
Congrove, to primo May next ensueing, for 2:14, to be 
payd by y* Province, if not so then to be payd by y e 
Citty. 

But considering y e s d Congrove not having full bedding 
y e s d Abeel undertakes to supply y e s d Congrove with a 
pair of sheets, one pair of Pillows and two Blankets, pro- 
vided he be freed from y c quartering of any soldiers till 
such time y c s d Bed Cloaths be returned, and in case they 
be damnifyed, y magistrates doe promise to endeavor for 
satisfaction. 

Coll. Peter Schuyler produces a mortgage on y e Land 
of Shaahkook, signed with y 6 hand and seale of one In- 
dian (therein sett forth as right owner to s d land), called 
taspelalet allias Murhank, for y 5 quantity of 60.^ Beaver 
skins, 20 Otters, 25 Vissers, and 10 Martens, and since 
[The record is incomplete.] 



The City Records. 171 

Att a Meeting of y 6 Justices of y e Citty and County of 
Albany, the 19th of January, "l70|-.: Present, Alb 1 
Ryckman, Jonn Abeel, Hend'k Hanse, Johs. Rose- 
boom, David Schuyler, Johs. Cuyler, Johs. Mingael, 
Killiaen van Renselaer. 

This day being appointed for y e assessors of y 6 Citty 
and County of Albany to give in there Returnes of an 
Estimation of y e severall Estates within y e Citty and 
County aforesaid, according to y e severall warrants to 
them directed, towards y e raising of y e s d Citty and Coun- 
tyes quota to y e 1800 and 2000 Taxes, whereupon y 1 
following assessors have returned, viz 1 : [the places for 
the sums are left blank in the book.] 

Since y" assessors of y e Citty and County doe not agree 
over y e severall estimations it is resolved by y e s d Justices 
yt ye s d assessors doe forthwith meet and produce there 
s d severall estimations to one an other, and to form them 
in equall proportions, and make returne of y e same to 
Mr. Mayor tomorrow. 

Jan. 20. The Assessors of y c Citty and County of Al- 
bany, aforesaid being as above recommended to a meeting 
and to produce to onother y e severall estimations, and to 
form them in equall proportions, have accordingly meet 
and doe returne as follows, viz 1 : 

The Citty of Albany for - 3190 

The Colony of Rensselaerswyk. - 2050 
Shennechtady, .... 2000 
Kinderhook, .... 900 

Catskill and Coxhacky, - - - 1000 
Canastageone, .... 400 

The Half Moon, .... 275 
Patkook, 400 

10215 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 16th February, 170. 

Johannis Cuyler, Plentive, Ryer Schermerhoorn, John 
Baptist van Eps, John Wemp, Defendants. The Plentive 
demands by Declaration as followeth, viz 1 : 



172 The City Records. 

City of Albany : To y" worshipfull Mayor and Alder- 
men of y e Citty of Albany. Johannis Cuyler of y e Citty 
of Albany, Impowered by his Excellency y e Govenor and 
Councill of Her Majes. Province of New York, to collect 
and receive her majes. Quitt Rents of y e County of Albany 
complains against Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist van 
Eps eldest sonn and heir of John van Epps, deceased, 
and John Wemp eldest sonn and heir of Myndert Wemp, 
deceased, Patenties of a Certain Patent dated y e 2 of No- 
vember, 1684, and saith that whereas y c said Ryer Scher- 
merhoorn, Jan Baptist van Eps, and John Wemp are 
indebted unto Her Majes. for y e Quitt Rent of y e Land 
&c., in s d Patent since y e 25th of March, 1698, untill y e 
15th of March, 1702. four years at forty bushels of Wheat 
per annum, being one hundred and sixty bushels of Wheat, 
which quantity of Wheat y e s d Johannis Cuyler hath de- 
manded from y e said Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist 
van Eps, and John Wemp, to wit on y e 9th of December, 
on y e year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
two, and often afterwards ; But y e s d quantity of Wheatt 
to deliver y 6 said Ryer Schermerhoorn, Jan Baptist van 
Eps and John Wemp hath altogether Referred, and as yet 
doth Referred; Whereupon y c s d Johs. Cuyler says that 
Her Majes. hath Damage to y e value of 32 Pounds currant 
money of y e s d Province, &c. Thereof bringeth this sute 
&c. The Defendants not appearing to defend there cause 
the Plentive desyres Judgment may passe against y e De- 
fendants, for y" arrears of Quitt Rent, according his De- 
claration, the which being taken in consideration by y 6 
mayor and aldermen doe graunt Judgment accordingly 
with costs of sute ; whereupon y e Plentive desyres execu- 
tion, which is Referred till next Court day. 

Att a Common Councill held in y c Citty Hall of Albany 

y e 23 d ofFeb'y, 170|. 
Mr. Pr. van Brugh appears in Common Councill and 

gives in y c following Petition, viz 1 : 

To y" worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and As- 
sistants of y e Citty of Albany: The humble Petition of 
Peter van Brugh of y e said Citty, 



The City Records. 173 

Humbly sheweth : 

That your Petitioner hath on y e 1 1th November last 
bought y' corner house and lott of grounde formerly be- 
longing to his father and mother in law, Henry and Anna 
Cuyler, deceased, situate, lyeing and being here in y e s d 
Citty of Albany, in y e first warde, on y e south side of y 6 
Jouncker street, towards y e hills, containing in breadth 
on y e front sixteen foot or thereabouts, wood measure, 
and whereas your Petitioner doth intend to erect a suffi- 
cient house thereon. Your Petitioner therefore humbly 
prays your worshipfull Commonality to sell unto your 
Petitioner eight foot of ground adjoining to y e west of y c 
said corner, in length as y e aforesaid lott, if not hindered 
by y e Rounds passage, and your Citty Stockadoes, where- 
fore your Petitioner is willing to pay a reasonable Price 
for y e same, and as in duty bound shall ever pray, &c. 
Signed PIETER VAN BRUGH. 

Albany y 6 23 d of February, 170. 

The Commonality, taking y 6 above Petition into con- 
sideration, have appointed four out of y 6 Common Councill 
to vew s d Ground, who have brought Report that s d 
Ground is not prejudicial to y e Citty. The Commonality 
have therefore bargained and sold unto y e s d Peter van 
Brugh his heirs and assigns forever, eight foot of Ground 
adjoining to y e west of y 6 s d Corner House, and in length 
as y 6 lott of y 6 s d Corner House, if not hindered by y e 
Citty Stockadoes, y 6 s d van Brugh paying therefore to y e 
s d Citty Tenn Pounds five shillings Currant Money, and 
y 6 Charges for drawing y c Transport, which is ordered to 
be drawn up. 

Mr.Myndert Schuyler, appears in Common Councill 
and gives in y" following Petition, viz 1 : 
To the Worshipfull Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and As- 
sistants of y c Citty of Albany, The humble Petition of 

Myndert Schuyler of y e s d Citty, 
Humbly sheweth : 

That heretofore a certain small lane hath been used by 
y c Public here in y e Citty of Albany, on y south side of 
y 6 Jouncker street, between y e great house and lott for- 
merly of Gerrit Banker Deceased, now belonging to your 



174 The City Records. 

petitioner, and y e house and lott of Evert Banker, sonne 
and administrator of y e said deceased, which land stretched 
from y e front towards Rutten kill, almost to nothing, and 
is supposed to belong to y e citty afores d . 

Your petitioner therefore humbly prays your worshipfull 
Mayor, Recorder & Alderman now convened in Common 
Councill to take y e matter into your serious consideration 
and to release y e ground between s d house and lott of your 
Petitioner and y e house and lott of Evert Banker afores d , 
unto your Petitioner for ever, he paying what you shall 
think Reasonable. And your pet'r shall ever pray, &c. 
Signed, MYND'T SCHUYLER. 

The Mayor. Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance, take- 
ing y c above Petition into Consideration, have agreed with 
y e s d Myndert Schuyler to Release y 6 ground petitioned 
for, he paying to y e Citty y c summe of three pounds, and 
oy'r charges, to wit," y p Release, which is ordered to be 
drawne. 

It is Resolved, That a new Bridge be made over Rutten 
Creek where the old lays, by Coll. Schuyler's house, in 
all haste, Mr. Mayor having undertaken to see materials 
procured for y e same, and to agree with workmen to make 
said, taken to his assistance any aldermen or assistance 
of this Citty. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in y e Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 2 d of March, I70f. 

David Schuyler & Thomas Williams, administrators of 
y 6 Legacys of Abraham Nicols, late deceased intestate, 
doe appear in Court, giving in an account of there admi- 
nistration, whereby the s d Legacy, amounting to 6:1, y e 
charges of his funeral, &c., to 8:16:6, so that there re- 
mains indebted 2:15:6, wherefore y c Court have drawne 
assignments to be paid by y e County of Albany. 

March 16. The humble Petition of Gerrit Luykasse, 
of y s d Citty, humbly sheweth : How that your Petitioner 
understands that your worshipful Commonality hath been 
pleased to dispose by sail some small matter of ground 
towards y p hills, and whereas a little ground thereabouts 
would bee very convenient to your Petitioner, since 



The City Records. 175 

dwelling near y e same. Your Petitioner doth therefore 
humbly pray your worshipful Commonality to sell unto 
your Petitioner eight foot of ground adjoyning to y e west 
of y e lott of ground lately sold by your worshipful Com- 
monality to Mr. Peter van Brugh, and in length thirty 
foot, or as y e s d lott of grounde if not hindered by y 6 
Citty's Stockadoes, wherefore your Petitioner is willing 
to pay a reasonable price for y e same, and as in duty 
bound shall ever pray, &c. GERRIT LUYKASSE. 

Upon y e above Petition y e Commonality have appointed 
Mr. Jon's Schuyler, Johan's Mingael, ald'n; Jacob Turk, 
Ruth Melgertse, assistance, to make a vew if so much 
grounde can be conveniently spared, who give Report that 
there lays eight foot of grounde, breadth, and thirty foot 
grounde length, that without any hindrance to the Rounds 
passage or the Citty Stockadoes. 

Mr. Peter van Brugh appears in. Common Councill hum- 
bly desyreing (that since he is informed that a petition is 
entered that eight foot of ground and thirty foot length to 
y e west of his lott of grounde lately bought of y 6 Citty 
may be sold) that he y e s d van Brugh may have y 6 first 
priviledge to buy y same, or else to y 6 highest Bidder be- 
tween him and y 6 Pet'r y l petitions for y e s d grounde. 

Whereas 'Mr. Chas Congroove hath made application 
to be made a freeman and citizen of this Citty, which y e 
Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance taking in con- 
sideration, have granted gratis, provided he pay the 
clerk's fees. 

The Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistance, putting 
to y e vote whether they think convenient to expose said 
ground as requested to saile, who have resolved to sell y* 
same, and thereupon called Gerrit Luykasse and Mr. Pr. 
Brugh, and sold unto said Gerrit Luykasse eight foot of 
ground to y" west of y e lott of ground lately sold to Mr. 
Pr. van Brugh from y 6 Citty, and in length southwarde 
thirty foot, always provided that now or hereafter it be no 
hindrance for y 6 Rounds passage and y e Citty Stockadoes, 
he y" s d Gerritt Luykasse paying therefore y 6 summe of 
tenn pounds five shillirlgs, currant money, with y e Clark's 
charges, &c., for drawing a Transport. 

[Annals iv.] 16 



176 The City Records. 

Whereupon y* s d Gerrit Luykasse further prays in case 
hereafter any other ground to y e west of y 6 said lott he 
layed out to be sold, that he may he y 6 first previledge to 
buy y e same. Which graunted accordingly. 

Att a meeting of y 6 Justices of y 6 Citty and County of 

Albany, y 6 30th of March, 1703. 

Mr. Johannes Abeel produceth an account of what 
money he hath received from the respective collectors of 
y e Citty and county of Albany, towards y* quota to y 6 
J61800 tax, viz 1 . 

From y 6 Col'r of y 6 first warde, - - 17:5 
y e second warde, - - 14: 
y e third warde, - - 10 : 1 : 4 
from Schinnechtady, - - 28 : 8 : 5 
from y e Colony Rensselaerswyk, 29: 5 
from Kinderhook, - 13:2:9 

the Half-moon, - - - 2:15:3 
Canastagione, - - - 4:1:1 
Patkook, - - 5:16:8 

Catskill and Coxhacky, - -14: :3 

1 38:1 6:2 

Which summes being perrused by y e s d Citty 
and Countys quota, is wanting - 5: 



144 

It is by the Justices Resolved that by Mr. Albert Ryk- 
man y l orders be given to y 6 collectors forthwith to col- 
lect y 6 arrears of there respective wards to s* 1 tax. 



Att a Common Councill held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany 
this first of May, 1703. 

Itt is resolved that the stockadoes now ridd be sett up 
by the freeholders and inhabitants, each in his own ward, 
according to the taxt lists, and those that have not ridd 
their stockadoes are obliged to ryde their quota upon the 
mayor's order next winter, that they may be sett accord- 
ingly, and he that shall neglect or refuse to work upon 
the mayor's warning, shall forfeit the sum of six shillings 
currant money for each offence. 



The City Record*. 177 

To the Worshipfull the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and 

Commonality of the Citty of Albany. 

The humble petition of Gerrit Luykasse Wynegaert, 
Stephanus Groesbeek, and Evert Wendell Jun'r, humbly 
sheweth: That your Petitioners being Traders with y* 
Indians as well as many others whom have convenancies 
with a house at each gate to accommodate the Indians att 
their arrivall both on the north and on the west side of 
the fort, and that it hath pleased his Excellency my Lord 
Corubury to permit a gate on the south side of the fort, 
towards the Rutten kill, that an Indian house may be 
build on the south side of s d gate on the hill commonly 
called or known by the name of the Spring hill, for the 
accommodation of Indians. Your Petitioners therefore 
humbly Prayes that your worships will take this into 
your serious Considerations, and grant that your Peti- 
tioners may build an Indian house there of three deal 
boards length, at their own proper cost and charge, and 
your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. Albany, 
this 29 of April, 1703. The above petition read and rejected. 

May 11. William Holey of the Citty of Albany ap- 
peared before us and produced an order from the Mayes 
Court, dated the 2d day of January, 169f , for Porter and 
Town Cryer, and desires a Confirmance, and is granted 
accordingly. 

Evert Ridder of the County of Albany appears before 
us in Common Councill and desires his freedom in the 
Citty from Mr. Mayor to be a free citizen; which is 
granted accordingly. 

Evert Ridder of the Citty of Albany makes his humble 
application to the Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance to be 
permitted to teach schoole in the Citty aforesaid, which 
request is taken into consideration, and granted accordingly. 

Jacob Turke Esquire, High Sheriff of the Citty and 
County of Albany, humbly desires from the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Assistance that the Regulation made in Common 
Councill relateing the Indians the 30th May, 1702, may 
be confirmed for one year after the date of s d Proclama- 
tion, which is granted accordingly, commencing the 30th 
of May 1704. 



178 The City Records. 

Itt is ordered by the Mayor, Aldermen and Assistance 
of the Citty of Albany, that the streets within said Citty 
be made clean before each inhabitant's door, and all fire 
wood be removed from the street, and all other timber 
and stones may be heapt up and layd up close together, 
out of the way, before the 14th day of this instant month 
of May, upon pain and penalty of paying a fine of three 
shillings corrant money for every such offence, for the 
behoofe of the sheriffe. 

May 22. William Gysbertse appeared in Common 
Councill and desired that he might infence a certain Piece 
of Pasture ground in the Corporation of the Citty of Al- 
bany, on the third kill or creek, commonly called or 
known by the name of the Fossen kill, and he is ordered 
to produce sufficient titles at or before the first of Sept'r 
next ensuing. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 

this 25th day of May, 1703, 
Effie Hansen vs. Melgaert v. d. Poell & Elesibeth his wife. 

Jury Abraham Cuyler, Elbert Gerritse, Joh. Claessen, 
Tho. Harmensen, Gerrit Luykasse, Anth. Coster, Gerrit 
Rykese, Ryer Gerritse, Dirk v. d. Heyden, Pieter Mingaell, 
Gysbert Marselis, Jacob Lansingh. 

The Plantive demands by Declaration the sume of 
twenty three pounds two shillings and seven pence halfe 
penny, corant money. The Jury finds itt for the Plantive, 
the verdict being approved by the Court and Judgment 
passt against y e defendants with costs of shute. 

June 8. Mr. John Collins, atturney for Melg 1 van der 
Poel and Elisabeth his wife, defendants in y" action with 
Effie Hanse, plentive, appears in court and prays that the 
execution in that action may be delayed to y e next May- 
or's Court, or till the Recorder comes home, which is ac- 
cordingly graunted. 

June 22. Eifie Hansen widow of Hans Hendrikse, 
deceased, by her petition in dutch being read, she desyres 
y e honble Mayor and Aldermen in Court, in pursuant of 
her action with Melg 1 van der Poel and Elisabeth his 
wife, to take y e same into their serious consideration, and 



The City Records. 179 

grant her an execution thereon. The Court, takeing y* 
same petition into their consideration, have referred y e 
matter untill the Recorder's arrival from New York. 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
y e 9th of July, 1703. 

It is Resolved by y e Commonality that Billets be stuck 
up in a Public place, to give notice to all persons who 
have any account particularly with y e Citty, that they 
give in y e same to y* Citty Treasurer, before y e 26th 
instant. And that Mr. Johannis Cuyler, Mr. David 
Schuyler, ald'n, and Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r, doe convein 
at y e Citty Treasurers, and there make distinction of the 
Citty and County's debts, and to see y e same entered in 
two fair books, and to make return thereof on y 6 nine- 
teenth instant. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 20th of July, 1703. 

Mr. Johannes Cuyler makes application and sets forth 
how that on the 16th of February last, a Judgment was 
graunted by this worshipfull Court on his part as Deputy 
Collector of y* Quit Rents in y e Citty and County of Al- 
bany, against Ryer Schermerhorn. Jan Baptist van Eps, 
and John Wemp, Patenties of a certain Patent, for y e 
town of Shennechtady for y* quantity of one hundred and 
sixty bushels of wheat, for y e Quit Rent of s d Patent, to- 
gether with costs of sute, &c., and therefore most humbly 
prays an Execution against s d persones, which after being 
taken into consideration, doe graunt an execution upon y e 
Body of s d Ryer Schcrmerhoorn, Jan Baptist van Eps, and 
John Wemp, or their goods and chattels when they shall 
be found within y 6 Baylewyk of this Citty. 

Att a Common Couucill held in y Citty Hall of Albany 
the 20th of July, 1703. 

Whereas on y e 9th instant, Mr. Johannes Cuyler and 
Mr. David Schuyler, ald'n, and Rob 1 Livingston Jun M 
were appointed to convein at y e Citty Treasurer, there to 
make a distingtion of y e Citty and County accounts, who 



180 The City Records. 

doe return Report with a book whereby the Citty have 
considerably disbursed for y 6 account of y e County, where- 
upon this meeting have Resolved by y e Justices aforesaid 
that warning be given to y e Justices of y 6 County to con- 
vene here in y e Citty Hall, on y 6 10th of August next, 
there to make up their accounts, in order to take some 
method to satisfy y e due debts of s d County, and that in 
y 6 mean time Billets be sett on y e public places of said 
County, giving warning to such persons as have any ac- 
count with said county, that they give in their s d accounts 
in s d time to y e Citty treasurer. 

It is Resolved that warrants be issued to y e assessors 
of this Citty to make an estimate of y e Estates belonging 
to y c Inhabitants and other Estates within y e Baylewick 
of this Citty, and to make a return thereof under hands 
and scales, in y 6 space of thrice twenty four hours, to y 8 
end that an assessment of fifty Pounds be layd and as- 
sessed on the same ; which Estimate is to be given to- the 
Mayor. 

The Petition of Jochim Lambertse praying a Release 
may be graunted to his Moy'r Annetje y e wed'w of Lam- 
bert Volkenburgh, of s d Citty, late deceased, for a certain 
lott of ground and house thereon erected, which Petition 
being read as followeth : 

The humble Petition of Jochim Volkenburgh of Kin- 
derhook, of y e County of Albany, humbly sheweth : How 
that your Petitioner's father, Lamb 1 Volkenburgh, late of 
y e Citty of Albany afores d dec d , in his lifetime and at the 
day of his death was in quiet and peaceable possession of 
a certain house and lott of ground, situate, lying and be- 
ing in y 8 Citty aforesaid, in y e voddemark, haveing to y 6 
west y 6 burying place, and to y 6 north and east y e high- 
way, is yet in y e tenure and occupation of your Petitioner's 
mother, and y 8 heirs of s d deceased, containing in length 
and breadth according to y e annexed note, measured by y e 
Citty surveyor; and whereas at present noe deeds or 
writings of y e house and lott can be found, although pub- 
lickly kriowne y 1 y e same properly did belong to y e s d 
deceased. Your petitioner therefore humbly prays y 1 
your worships will be pleased to release y e said house and 



The City Records. 181 

lott of ground unto your Petitioner's moeder, Annatie y* 
widow of s d deceased, and your Petitioner as in duty 
bound shall for ever pray, &c JOCHIM LAMBERTZ. 

Which petition being taken into consideration, is or- 
dered that a Release be drawn for said house and lott, 
breadth and length according to y 6 surveyor's note, and 
y* y same be entered on our Public Records. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sheriffe of Citty and County of 
Albany afores d , prays that y e Perquisites contained in y 6 
Proclamation relating y e Indian trade may be wholly 
graunted to him. Y e Commonality taking y e same into 
consideration, have graunted y 6 same Perquisites unto y 6 
sheriffe, and ordered y 1 said Proclamation be drawne over 
and to insert y 6 s d Perquisites wholly for y e Behooffe of 
y 6 s d sheriffe, which Proclamation is so confirmed. 

July 26, 1703. The Estimation of y e Estates belonging 
to y 6 Inhabitants and others within y e Baylewyk of this 
Citty .being by y e assessors of s 1 Citty returned to Mr. 
Mayor, and layd before y e Common Council amounting to 
2774: which assessment being approved of, and laid 4.^4 
upon each pound, and concluded that a warrant be forth- 
with directed to Anthony Bratt to levy y 6 same, before y* 
one thirtyeth of this Instant. 

A Proclamation by ye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality. 

Whereas complaints are made that several persons 
within this Citty doe trust strong liquor to Indians upon 
account of their cloathing, especially of late, when on her 
Majesties service, to y e great disadvantage of her Majes- 
ties interest and y" good of this Country. These doe 
therefore in her Maj'es name Publish and Prohibite all 
Persons within this Citty to give any strong Liquors unto 
Indian or Indians, directly or indirectly, upon account of 
their Cloathing or Arms, upon penalty of forfeiting y e 
summe of six shillings for each offence, and to restore y 
s d Cloaths, &c.. without any satisfaction, which forfeit 
shall be for y 6 Behooffe of y e sheriffe, who is to sue for y e 
same. 

Given in Albany y e day and year first above written. 



182 The City Records. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 3d of August, 1703. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sheriffe by John Collins, his 
atturney, Plentive, Aryaentie Wendel, Defendant, Evert 
' Wendel, Jun., appears for her. The partyes being asked 
say they are come, and ready to plead their cause. 

The Def 'ts atturney producing his power is thought 
not sufficient whereby an action in Court can be tryed; 
y s d aiturney desyres that his moy'r the Defendant may 
be asked if she hath impowered him y e s d atturney to 
plead her action here in Court, whereupon y e Court have 
sent y e Marshall of y e s d Court with a Constable to ask y e 
Defend 1 y e matter, who brings report that y e DeF 1 im- 
powers y s d Evert Wendel her atturney to plead her ac- 
tion now in Court. 

The Jury called and sworn: Mynd 1 Schuyler, Evert 
Janse, Johan's Hansen. Nicolas Bleeker, Will'm Hogen, 
Goosen van Schaick, Rynier Myndertse, Johan's Pruyn, 
Anthony Coster, Abraham Kip, Abraham Cuyler, Dirk 
vander Heyden. 

The Plentives Declaration read as followeth, viz: 

Albany County, ss. Jacobus Turke Esq., high sheriffe 
of y 6 Cilty and County of Albany, in y e Province of New 
York, complains against Aryantie Wendel, widow, of y 6 
s d Citty, in y c first ward, in an action of trespasse upon y 6 
case, and thereupon y e s d Jacobus Turke saith that whereas 
there was a Proclamation issued forth by y e Mayor, Re- 
corder, Aldermen and Assistants of y 6 s d Citty of Albany, 
bearing date y 6 1 1th day of May last past in y 6 present 
year of our Lord 1703, publishing and declaring amongst 
other things that no person or persones within y e s d Citty 
shall presume to take any Indian or Indians (Sachems 
excepted), with pack or packs of Beavers or peltry into 
their houses under y e penalty of paying to y e sheriffe of 
y e s d Citty five pieces of eight for such offence, except Ly- 
cense given, yet neverthelesse y e s d Aryaentie, not igno- 
rant of y e premises, on y e 21st of July. 1703, entertained 
three Indians in her dwelling house, in y e warde and in y 6 
Citty aforesaid, whereupon y e s d Aryaentie is indebted to 
y e Plentive four pounds ten shillings, whereupon he brings 



The City Records. 183 

this suite and says that he hath dammage eighteen pounds. 
The Defend 1 not having entered his plea, y 6 Plentive's 
atturney prays a nonsuite for y 6 costs of suite, and y 6 
Court considering y e Matter, doe accordingly graunt a 
nonsuite against y Defend 1 for y e costs of suite. 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
y 6 3d day of August, 1703. 

Whereas Complaints are made that severall Creditors 
of y e County of Albany, doe presume thereby to discharge 
their taxes when raised, particularly for y e behooffe of y e 
Citty of Albany. It is therefore Resolved by y e Common- 
ality of y 6 s d Citty, henceforth no person or persones who 
have any account with y 6 County shall be admitted to de- 
duct y 6 same or any part thereof, out of y e taxes when 
particularly raised to defray y e Citty charges, neither 
shall any Creditor of y 6 s d Citty deduct more of any 
such tax of y e Citty than his own due quota therein. 
Further, that y Treasurer is hereby discharged to suffer 
any deducting as aforesaid, upon his perill. 

John Ruteliffs accounts for service done for y 6 Citty: 
1 for shutting y 6 Citty Gates from y e 2 d November, 1702 

to y e 2 d of Aug 1 1703. 21 pieces of 8, is - 6:6 
1 for makeing fyre in y e Burger Blockhouse, for 

s d time, 11 ps of 8 and 3 gl. f - 3:7:6 

1 for sweeping y e Chimney in s d Blockhouse, .<* -, 6:9 

10:0:3 

Sept. 16. Whereas the Lane that passeth between the 
house and lott of Johannis Mingael and Frans Pruyn is 
found unconvenient to pass throw, being almost close up 
with moud and other filth, complaints whereof is here made 
by y 6 Inhabitants thereunto adjoyning, humbly requesting 
that this Commonality now conveined, will be pleased to 
order some remedy to be taken for y 6 cleaneing thereof. 
The same being taken into consideration, y e Commonality 
do appoint Hend. Othout and Thomas Harmense to vew 
y s d lane and make Report how y e same may be most 
conveniently Cleaned, which Report must be given unto 
Mr. Mayor y e space of twice 24 honrs, 



184 The City Records. 

Albany y 6 14th of October, 1703. - 

This day being appointed by y e Charter of this Citty 

for y 6 Aldermen to make their return of y e Aldermen 

chosen for y respective wards for y 6 ensuing year, who 

are as followeth : 

The First Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler, Hend. Oothout, 

Evert Banker. Anthony Coster. 

Assessors. Constable. 

William van Ale, Dirk vander Heyden. 

Johannis Gerritse. 

Evert Wendcl Jr., Collector. 

The Second Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Cuyler, Gerrit Roseboom, 

Johannis Roseboom. Abraham Schuyler. 

Assessors. Constable. 

William Jacobse, Hend. ten Eyk. 
Gysbert Marselis. 

Isaac Verplank, Collector. 

The Third Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hend. Hanse, Frans Winne, 

Johannis Mingael. Ruth Melgertz. 
Assessors. Constable. 

Harp 1 Jacobse, Jacob Gerritz. Lansing. 

Gerrit Ryckse. Daniel Ketelyn, Collector. 

Myndert Roseboom, high constable. 
Anthony Bratt, citty treasurer. 

For Canasta gione. 

Claes Gerritse, constable. Maes Ryckse, assessor. 
Eldert Ouderkerk, collector. 
Jan Christianse, Cornelis Tymese, path masters. 

For ye Half Moon. 

David Ketelheyn, constable. Jan van Ness, assessor. 
RoelofF Gerritz, pathmaster. 



The City Records. 185 

Att a Mayor's Court heZd at y Citty Hall of Albany, 
y e 26th of October, 1703: Present, Johannis Schuy- 
ler, mayor, Hend. Hansen, Johannis Cuyler, Johan- 
nis Roseboom, Johannis Mingael. 
Mr. Mayor being this day sworne, whereupon Mr. Albert 
Ryckman y e late Mayor, delivereth into y e custody of y e 
present Mayor y e following deeds and written property, 
belonging to y e Citty of Albany, viz 1 : Copy of y e Patent 
for y 6 Colony Rensselaerswyk, dated Nov. 4, 1685. The 
Charter of y 6 s d Citty, dated y 6 22 d of July, 1686. The 
Transport of Peter van Brugh, dated y e 23d of Nor. 
1697. Together with a Dutch and English patent thereof 
formerly to his father, Job's van Brugh. The Patent of 
Schakkook, dated y e 29th March, 1698, together with 
Transport of y* same from Hend'k van Rensselaer, dated 
y'Sth of August, 1699. 

Att a Common Councill. held in y 6 Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 26th of October, 1703. 

Whereas by y 6 Returns of Aldermen, Assistance and 
Assessors, &c., returned on the 14th of this Instant, so 
entered herein, wee fynde that Mr. Abraham Cuyler is by 
y e majority of voy:es returned for one assistant, who be- 
ing sent for, doth appear in Common Councill, and re- 
fuseth to take on that service, and forasmuch as by our 
Citty Charter, a fyne by y e Mayor, Aldermen and Assist- 
ants can be imposed upon any such person or persones so 
refuseing, not exceeding y e summe of five pounds. The 
which being put to y* vote, y e Commonality are of opin- 
ion that y e said Abraham Cuyler shall pay as a fyne for 
such Refuse, y e summe of five Pounds currant money of 
this Province. Ordered that a warrant be issued to y 6 
Constable to give warning to y e Inhabitants of y 6 second 
warde for a new election of one Assistant, on y e 27th In- 
stant, at 3 o'clock in y e afternoon, and y 1 forthwith re- 
turn of s d Election be made. 

It is further resolved that a warrant be issued for y" re- 
ceiveing of said five pound fyne. 

Oct. 27. Whereas severall Inhabitants of this Citty 
doe presume to sell strong drink by retaile without Ly- 



186 The City Records. 

cence, to y e disadvantage of her majesty's Interest, and 
y* welfair of this Citty, wee do therefore hereby publish 
and declare that no person or persones shall retaile any 
strong drink within this Citty and County without y e 
Mayor of y e Citty's lycence therefore, upon pain and pe- 
nalty of forfeiting as a fyne y e siflnme of five pounds for 
each offence, as y act of General Assembly directs. 

Whereas yesterday in Common Councill a fyne of five 
pounds was layd upon Abraham Cuyler for refusing to 
take y e service of an Assistant upon him for y e ensuing 
year, who now appears in Common Councill and desyres 
they will be pleased to abate some part of y e s d fyne, being 
willing to pay three pounds; y e Commonality considering 
y e matter, doe discharge y e said Cuyler for y e said summe 
of three pounds. 

The Commonality have appoynted Stephanus Groes- 
beek, Ryer Gerritse, Warner Carstense, Hendrik ten 
Eyk, Evert Janse, and Jacob Bogart, fy remasters for y 
ensuing year, until y c 14th of October. 1704, and doe or- 
der them forthwith to goe round y c Citty and vew y c 
Chimneys, and whosoever's Chimney as shall be found 
unclean shall forfeit 3s for each offence. 

Nov. 9. It is by y e Commonality resolved that Ruth 
Melgertse, assistant, doe agree with some fitt persones 
and see them make batteries and close up y 6 vacancies 
of y Cittyes Stockadoes, with all speed, at y 6 Cittyes 
charge, wherefore y e s d Ruth Melgertse as overseer is al- 
lowed 3s. per day. 

Dec. 4. It is resolved by y e Commonality that an as- 
sessment of 200 load of fyre wood be layd and assessed 
upon y e Inhabitants, &c., of this Citty, for y 6 Burger 
Guards, and ordered that a warrant be issued to y e as- 
sessors of this Citty for that purpose, as also to make an 
assessment upon s d Inhabitants of 1600 load of sand to 
fill up y Burying Place of this Citty, and to make return of 
y e s d assessments unto Mr. Mayor, under their hands and 
seales, on or before y e 7th instant December. 

Dec. 13. Anthony Bratt, by his Petition to y 6 Com- 
monality, humbly prays, since Mr. Hendrik Roseboom, 
late Sexton of this .Citty, deceased, that they will be 



The City Records. 187 

pleased to appoint him to attend and doe y e service of y 6 
said office of Sexton in such manner as y e same lately did 
appertain unto y e said Roseboom, and to graunt him y e 
like Perquisites thereof. The Commonality, takeing y* 
said Petition into consideration, have granted y d said office 
of Sexton of y 6 Citty together with y e Perquisites thereof, 
unto y* said Bratt, in such manner as y e same was given 
and graunted unto y e said Roseboom, always provided that 
John Rateliffe shall yet continue in y e service of that of- 
fice and receive such perquisites thereof for digging of 
graves as he did in y e time and being of y e s d Mr. Rose- 
boom deceased. 

Pursuant to y" late Resolution of y* 4th Instant y e as- 
sessors have given in an assessment of 800 load of wood 
for fuel to y e Burger Blockhouse, ordered that y e same be 
directed to y e Constables in each warde of this Citty to 
give warning to y e Inhabitants that the said wood be ride 
to y e said Blockhouse in y e space of three times 24 hours, 
upon forfeit of 18d for each load of wood they shall be 
found neglecting, and that y e s d wood when it shall be 
ride, must be entered by Hend. ten Eyk, or else not ac- 
counted for, which service of y e s d ten Eyk, who is to keep 
an exact account thereof, shall be allowed 15 shillings. 

February 15, 170?. Whereas y e time approaches y l y* 
hoggs keep by y e Inhabitants of y e Citty, unless prevented, 
will Rutt up and spoyle y 6 Commons of this Citty, these 
are therefore to publish and prohibite that no person or 
persones whatsoever within this Citty or thereunto ad- 
joyning shall suffer or lett their hoggs runn out on y* 
Commons belonging to y e said Citty without Ringed with 
Iron wair in all and every of their noses, in y e space of 
thrice twenty-four hours, upon penalty of paying as a fyne 
4s curr 1 money before such after taken up hath been twice 
twenty hours in y e custody of y e sheriffe, who is to sue 
for y e same, and if longer in his custody y e owner of s d 
hogg or hogs, great and small, shall pay y e charge for 
keeping them, together with y 6 s d fyne before they be 
Released. 

March 28, 1704. It is resolved that a warrant be is- 
sued to y e assessors of y e Citty of Albany, to make an es- 

[Annals iv.] 17 



188 The City Records. 

timate of y 6 Estates within y e limits of y e Citty aforesaid 
and to deliver y 6 same under their hands and seals unto 
Mr. Mayor, on or before y e 18th of April next ensuing, to 
y 6 end that y e summe of fifty pounds be layed and 
assessed from y e Inhabitants aforesaid. 

The humble Petition of Anthony Sybrant van Schayck 
of y e said Citty, Glasier, humbly sheweth : 

That whereas there lays a certain small Lott of ground 
opposite to y e hinde part of your Petitioner's Lott of 
grounde on y e south side of y e Rutten Creek to y e west of 
y e Lott of ground belonging to Capt. Myndert Schuyler, 
to y e north of y e highway, and to y e east of y e said Creek, 
it lying only convenient to y e Petitioner. 

Your Petitioner doth therefore humbly pray your wor- 
shipfull Commonality to sell unto your Petitioner y e said 
small Lott of ground, wherefore your Petitioner is will- 
irg to pay a reasonable Price for y e same, and as in duty 
bound shall ever pray, &c. ANTHONY VAN SCHAYCK. 

The Commonality after a vew of said Lott of ground have 
bargained and sold unto the said Anthony Sybrant van 
Schaick y e said Lott of ground from y e s d Creek south- 
warde to y e highway by y" ruttenair [?] bridge, bounded east 
by Capt. Myndert Schuyler, and west by y e said Creek, 
that for y e summe of four pounds tenn shillings, with costs 
of drawing and recording y e transport, which when deli- 
vered he is to pay the money. 

April 19. According to resolution ony 28th of March 
last, y" estimate from y c assessors of this Citty is here 
produced, and after vewed is approved off, amounting to 
2704 lb., whereupon is layd 4rf per lb., ordered that a 
warrant be issued to y Treasurer for y 6 due collecting 
thereof before y 6 first day of May next ensuing. 

April 25. The humble Petition of Patrick McGregory 
souldier and Inhabitant of this Citty, humbly sheweth : 
That your Petitioner having formerly been admitted as a 
porter in this Citty and for some time past has not been 
Implyed as such, your Petitioner prays your worshipfull 
to admit him a sworne porter for the said Citty, there 
being now but one, which if granted will be a great relief 
to your Petitioner's poor ffamily, &c. 



The City Records. 189 

The said Patrick McGregory is permitted and appointed 
to be second porter of the said Citty accordingly. 

The humble Petition of Melgert Melgertse, of the Citty 
aforesaid, gunnstocker, humbly sheweth : 

That whereas there lyes a certain parcell of ground with- 
in the bounds of this Citty, and on the north side of the 
Citty aforesaid, on both sides of the Vossen Creek, ad- 
joyning on the west of the pasture belonging William 
Gysbertse of the s d Citty, Carman; [for which the peti- 
tioner was willing to pay a reasonable price; but his peti- 
tion was rejected. At the same meeting William Gys- 
bertse applied for the same lot, and was also refused.] 

The humble petition of Joh. Cuyler and Joh. Harmensen 
Visscher for themselves and for the rest of the Inhabitants 
of the Parrel street, beginning from your Petitioners south- 
ward to the house of William Claessen Groesbeek, and 
opposite to the house of his father Claes Jacobse Groes- 
beek included in the second ward of the s d Citty, sheweth: 
That a certain spring of water, coming out of the ground 
without the gates of the said Citty, towards the hills, just 
under the foot of the former burying place for several 1 
years heretofore, was layd by gutters under y" ground in a 
well then erected in the said street, which gutters and 
well afterwards were spoyled, and since the necessity of 
water absolutely is required in case of fire, in the said 
Citty, and other uses for the Inhabitants aforesaid. Your 
Petitioners doe therefore humbly pray your worshipfull 
in Common Councill as aforesaid, to permit unto your 
Petitioners the Layding of the said water Spring down- 
wards to a convenient place near or about the gate of 
the said street, for the use as aforesaid, and that the 
Charges thereof may become to y e s d Citty, if your wor- 
shipfull shall think it reasonable, otherwise the s d Inha- 
bitants shall Bare the same, &c. JOHANNIS CUYLER. 

JOHANNIS HARMSE. 

The aforesaid Petition being read in Common Council! 
have granted the Leading of s d Water for the uses therein 
expressed, and that the Charges shall become to the In- 
habitants of the aforesaid street, who are willing to con- 
tribute to the same, and that the placing of such a new 



190 The City Records. 

well shall be regulated by the Commonality of the said 
Citty. 

May 9. Upon severall Complaints to the Common 
Councill, it is Ordered that an Address be made to his 
Excellency to sett forth the difficultys y c Inhabitants of 
this Citty lye under for want of a due payment of their 
Debts due to them from the souldiers of this Garrison. 
To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury, Cap*. 
General and Commander in Cheeife of y e Province of 
New York, and Territories depending thereon in 
America. 

The humble Adres of the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monality of y e Citty of Albany in Behalfe of themselves 
and other y e Inhabitants of y e s d Citty, humbly sheweth: 
That the Inhabitants of this Citty, upon the Creditt of 
your Excellency's Order to y e officers of this garrison, at 
your departure last from this Citty, directing them to give 
the Souldiers Creditt for necessary Provisions, in pursuance 
of which direction the said officers have past their notes 
to be paid out of the first pay that should come to this 
Garrison, and where severall other of the Inhabitants out 
of a j ust reguard toy 6 service of her Majesty have Credited 
y e Souldiers \\ith severall Necessary s and Provisions, to 
support them under difficulty of a severe and tedious win- 
ter, so that indeed the best part of the money in arreare 
to the Souldyers is from them become due to y e Inhabit- 
ants. And the Inhabitants of this Citty, noty e Souldiers, 
y e present sufferers, who for want of the same in a gene- 
ral Circulation, find extream Difficultys even in paying 
their very Taxes. Nor can we ommitt acquainting your 
Excellencys that Capt. Weems, at his arrivall, bringing 
with him a month's pay for y e two companys, upon y e 
people carrying in their notes, utterly refused to deduct 
any part of the money from y* men, affirming that he 
could not do it out of so small a payment. And a further 
Danger seems to attend us. In report of y" pay behind, 
severall of the Souldiers so indebted being deserted, and 
by experience wee have found that dead men and deserters 
are generally in their officers' debt. So that wee humbly 
hope from you Excellencys goodness such orders and in- 



The City Records. 191 

structions to y 6 Commanding officers of each Company as 
may be for y e ease and security of y e Inhabitants of this 
Citty forcing us to give your Excellency this trouble, by 
their reitterated complaints to us. 

FRANS WINNE, JOHANNES SCHUYLER, Mayor, 

HEND. OOOTHOUT, HEND HANSEN, Alderm'n, 

GERRIT ROSEBOOM, JOHANNIS CUYLER, 

ANTHONY COSTER, JOHANNIS ROSBBOOM, 

RUTH MELGERTSE, 

This Addresse is ordered to bee sent to His Excellency. 
May 22. It is Resolved that y e Citty Stockadoes layd 
and assessed on y e Inhabitants &c. of this Citty, on y 8 8th 
of December, 1702, which were wanting to be sett up on 
y 6 first of May, 1703, must be sett up by y e freeholders 
and inhabitants of y 6 respective wards of this Citty, on y e 
29th of this instant May, and in case any of y e said free- 
holders and inhabitants be found neglecting in delivering 
their quotas of said Stockadoes, according to y e taxt lists, 
shall pay as a fine for each stockadoe wanting, y 6 summe 
of 18rf currant money, and by distresse to be levied by y 6 
sheriff on his or their goods and chattels forthwith, and 
y e neglecter still obliged to deliver y 6 same before the 31st 
of this instant, upon penalty of forfeiting y 6 like fine in 
manner as aforesaid: further however if y^ s d freeholders 
and inhabitants as shall be found unwilling or neglecting 
after warning given to appear to make up said Stockadoes 
on the 29th of this Instant shall forfeit a fine of six shil- 
lings for each day so neglecting, to be levyed and for y e 
Behooffe of y 6 other Inhabitants as worke. 

The Commonality being informed that Egbert Teunise 
and Dirk Bratt have Infenced a Lott of ground belonging 
to y 6 Citty, scituate, lying and being on y north side of y 
Citty, and on y 6 south side of y' lott of grounde belong- 
ing to y widow of Jacob ten Eyk, whereupon y" Com- 
monality thought fit to send for them. Dirk Bratt ap- 
pearing in Commonality, the Mayor told him y 1 y e Com- 
monality have Resolved to give them warning to take 
downe said fence again, before y" first bell ringing for y 3 
Mayor's Court tomorrow morni:;g, otherwise that a war- 
rant shall be issued out for y e taking down of y e sam?. 



192 The City Records. 

The 23 d of May a warrant is directed to Jacob Turke, 
high sheriflfe, to take two sufficient persones to his as- 
sistants, and forthwith to break down y" said fence. 

May 23 d . It is by y Commonality concluded and 
agreed, that Rob 1 Livingston Jun. shall be payd yearly by 
y s Commonality of y e s d Citty of Albany, or their orders, 
the summe of 5: 12s, for his service in attending y e said 
Commonality and supplying of paper, which sell ary is to 
commence from y 5 14th of June, 1703, until further plea- 
sure. To whom y" following oath is given, viz 1 : 

You swear that you will a true minute keep of y e 
Mayors Court and Commonality of y" Citty of Albany, 
and of y e meetings of y' Justices of y e Citty and County of 
Albany aforesaid, by noteing the Resolutions respectively 
when thereunto by them required, that you will also keep 
a true Record for y e said Citty and County, during the 
time you shall remain in that office, and be careful of 
such publick books and papers given you in trust, accord- 
ing to y e best of your knowledge and understanding, so 
help you God. 

The Petition of Anthony Bratt, whereby he as Sexton 
desyres to be discharged of all publick charges, in like 
manner as his predecessor, Mr. llendrik Roseboom dec d , 
was excused, being read, y Commonality considering y- 
matter, doe not allow anything thereby requested. 

Jacob Turke Esq., high sheriffe, requests that y c Pro- 
clamation relateing y 1 Indian Trade maybe renewed in 
such manner that two-thirds of y c fines be for him, and y" 
other half for the Citty, which is graunted accordingly, 
and ordered that y e following Proclamation be published: 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty Hall of Albany, 
the 30th of May, 1704 : Present, Johannis Schuyler 
Mayor, David Schuyler, Johannis Roseboom, Johan- 
nis Cuyler, Johannis Mingael, aldermen ; Hend. Oot- 
hout, Anthony Coster, Abraham Schuyler, Gerrit 
Roseboom, Ruth Melgertse, assistants. 
Whereas y e Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality doe 
make pretention to a small streak of grounde, scituate, lye- 
ing and being within y e fence and on y e south side of y 6 




TVze C% Records. 

V-' * v ii <, 

lott of grounde belonging to Paulus Martense, which y* 
Commonality now doe sell unto y s d Paulus Martense, 
wherefore y s d Martense promiseth to pay y ? summe of 
three pounds currant money of this Province (when a re- 
lease thereof shall be delivered him), together with the 
Charges in drawing said Release, &c. 

Whereas y e s d Commonality doe likewise make pre- 
tention to a small stroak of ground within y e fence of Mr. 
Albert Ryckman, which they likewise doe sell unto said 
Ryckman for y ? summe of three pounds currant money of 
this Province, which ground is situated on y" north side 
of y e s d Ryckman's Lott of ground opposite to y* Citty 
Hall of Albany, for which summe of money y e s d Com- 
monality are to give Release of s d ground by y 3 Rec 1 there- 
of, provided the s d Ryckman pay y ' charges for drawing s d 
Release, &c. 

Mr. Mayor proposes the building of a Market House 
within the Citty, the which being put to y 6 vote, it is 
Resolved, that a Market House shall be erected on the 
midst of the way in y" Jounker street, opposite to y e lane 
between y' house of Maj. Dirk Wessels and Evert Wen- 
del Sen'r, at y e Citty's charges, and that y e Mayor of s d 
Citty, as being Clarke of y Market, doe order that the 
same be forthwith erected. 



Att a Common Councill held in the Citty Hall of Al- 
bany, the 23d day of June, 1704. 

Resolved, that y e Persons who are neglecting in rijding 
their full quota of Citty Stockadoes, since y 6 resolution on 
y e 22 d of May, 1704, shall be Ride and sett up, viz 1 : y 6 
neglectors on y e first warde from y e Blockhouse by y e 
Citty Hall northwarde, where y 6 old Stockadoes now 
stand; y 6 neglectors of y 6 second warde and third warde. 
where y e Stockadoes stand behynde Mr. Mayor's, on or 
before y e first of July next ensueing, upon penalty of for- 
feiting as a fyne y e summe of 3s for each Stockadoe as 
shall then be wanting, for y 6 Behooffe of y e s d Citty. 

It is by y 6 Commonality concluded and agreed, that 
James Parker, marshal!, shall be payd yearly by y e Com- 
monality of y 6 s d Citty of Albany, the summe of 3 cur- 



194 The City Records. 

rant money of this province for his service in attending y 6 
s d Commonality and y 6 Mayor's Court, and for supplying 
fyre and candlelight in their meetings, which sellary is to 
commence y e 14th June, 1703, untill further pleasure. 

July 25. Resolved, that those men come with Capt. 
Higby be quartered out in publique housen, Daniel Kelley 
ten at 3s 9d each for every week, and John Collison the 
remainder of those come up, for the same price as before 
agreed to be paid within ten days after the said soldiers 
be removed. 

August 1. Resolved, that the Constables doe take 
their turnes upon the sabbath day to inspect all the Ta- 
vern keepers within the Citty, that all Indians & Negroes 
found in any Tavern as aforesaid, that such Tavern Keeper 
so found to draw any Strong Liquer whatsoever to any 
Negro or Negros, Indian or Indians, whatsoever, upon the 
Sabbath Day as aforesaid, shall pay as a fine for each 
such Default the summe of 6s, for any such Indian or In- 
dians so found, and for the Negros according as the acts 
of Assembly directs. It is also Resolved, that the as- 
sessors make an assessment on the Inhabitants of the said 
Citty, for .30, for defraying the Citty Debts, within the 
space of twice twenty-four hours, and make their returne 
thereof by the Mayor. 

To his Excellency Edward Lord Viscount Cornbury, 
Cap 1 . Generall and Gov'r in Chiefe in and over the 
Provinces of New York and East and West Jersey. 

The humble address of the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen 
and Commonality of the Citty of Albany, sheweth: 

Whereas Cap 1 . Higby is arrived here y e 15th July last 
with nineteen souldiers under his command. forherMaj's 
service on these fronteers. and whereas y e said souldiers 
have no subsistence but what is ordered by your Excell : 
Petitioners, although the Province is obleadged to supply 
the Provisions thereof, since wee your Excell : Petitioners 
can procure no further Provisions for the same. 

Wee therefore your Excell : Petitioners humbly submitt 
that care may be taken in the premises, and your Peti- 
tioners as in duty bound shall Evier Pray. 

August 8. The Commonality being desyreous to know 



The City Records. 195 

what instructions Cap 1 . Higby hath received from his 
Excellency relateing y 6 posting y e Detachment on y* 
fronteers of Albany, which Cap 1 , being desyred here doth 
appear. Producing his Instructions it appears that at y 6 

Half Moon is to be posted 20 men 

Schinnechtady, - 20 

Canastagioene, - - 20 

Kinderhook, - - 20 

Stonearabia, 10 

Greenbush, - - 10 100 men in all. 
September 5. It is by y e Commonality concluded that 
a Proclamation shall be Proclaimed that no staeks of hay 
or straij shall be sett within this Citty on any person or 
persones yard, nor any stables erected on y e front of any 
high streets in said Citty, nor that any dung shall be 
turned out upon y 6 said streets, upon penalty of forfeiting 
y 6 summe, of 15s and obliged to remove y^ same in y 6 
space of thrice twenty-four hours, for y e Behooffe of y e 
sheriffe, who is to sue for y e same. 

It is also resolved that y 6 streets be paved before each 
Inhabitant's door within this Citty, eight foot breadth 
from their houses and lotts, before y e 25th of October next 
ensueing, upon penalty of forfeiting the summe of 15s for 
y 6 Behooffe of y 6 sheriffe, who is to sue for y" same. 

Albany, this 14th day of October, 1704. This day 
being appointed by y e Charter of y e Citty of Albany for y 6 
Aldermen, Commonality, Assessors,Constables and Cham- 
berlain of y" s d Citty to be sworne, who are as folio weth: 

The First Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Evert Banker, Hend. Oothout, 

David Schuyler. Dirk van der Hey den. 

Assessors. Constable. 

William Hogen, Coenrat ten Eyk, 

Coenraet ten Eyk. Stephanus Groesbeek, 

Collector. 

The Second Warde. 
Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johannis Roseboom, Gerrit Roseboom, 

Johannis Cuyler, Abraham Cuyler. 



The City Records. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Gysbert Marselis, Bareiit Sanders. 

Elbert Gerritse. Johannis Luykasse, 

Collector. 

The Third Warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hend. Hanse, Frans Winne, 

Johannis Mingael. Ruth Melgertse. 

Assessors. Constable. 

Harp 1 Jacobse, David Ketelheyn, 

Gerrit Ryckse. Dirk Bratt, collector. 

Jacob Lansing, high constable. 
Anthony Bratt, treasurer. 



Att a Common Councill held in y Citty of Albany y 6 
21st November, 1704: Present, Johannis Abeel, re- 
corder, six aldermen and five assistants. 

Whereas Coll. P. Schuyler and y e rest of y e Court 
Marschal by their addresse of y c 20th Instant, sett forth 
that y" Burger Blockhouse is very much out of Repair, so 
far that it is uncapable to keep guard in, and therefore 
desyre y' same may be Repared in order, and y 6 great 
guns therein mounted, which being taken into considera- 
tion, the Commonality doe Resolve, that y e same be forth- 
with Repared, viz 1 ., y e Blockhouse in good order, to which 
end Mr. Frans Winne is appointed to see it done, as also 
that y e Citty Walls be closed at y e Citty's Charge, he de- 
livering an account of his own charge and others thereto 
expended, and in case any person should prove unwilling 
to be assisting in Repairing and make y e work aforemen- 
tioned, that then and in such case any alderman is hereby 
impoured to issue out his warrant for y e maintaining 
thereof. 

Whereas information is given that Candles for y e Citty 
Guards will henceforth be wanting, so it is that Mr. 
Hend. Hansen doth engage to supply candles for y e same 
at y 6 price of 9d per Ib, to be paid by y c Citty Treasurer. 

Whereas, Cap 1 . Higby appears in Common Councill de- 
syreing that care may be taken to provide quarters or some 
convenient place for lodgeing to his company, whereupon 



The City Records. 197 

y 6 Commonality have Resolved, that tickets be drawne on 
y e Inhabitants of this Citty for there quarters viz 1 , nine 
men in y 6 first ward, and nine men in y e second ward, and 
six men in y e third ward, which tickets are to be given by 
y e Mayor, Recorder or Aldermen, for their said respective 
wards. 

John Rateliffe doth humbly request that satisfaction 
may be given him for his service in making fyre for y c 
Burger Guard and locking y c Cittys Gates &c. for y e last half 
year, expired y e 2d of this Instant. The Common Coun- 
cill considering y 6 matter, doe expect he shall give an ac- 
count of the summe what's due to him, and that then fur- 
ther consideration shall be taken in that matter. 

The Petition of John Gilbert whereby he requesteth 
that y e one-third of y 6 forfeitures relatcing y e Indian trade 
due to y e Citty may be remitted unto him, is read, which 
y 6 Commonality have referred until such time Mr. Mayor 
is present in Common Councill, in y e meantime is ordered 
that y e sheriffe doe deliver at y e next meeting an exact 
account of y e s d forfeitures so due. 

Resolved that a warrant be issued to y e assessors of 
this Citty, to lay an assessment of two hundred load of 
wood for fyreing to y* Blockhouses, and to make returne 
thereof unto Mr. Mayor, in y e space fourteen days ensuing 
y 6 date hereof. 

It is further Resolved, and appointed for surveyors and 
fyremasters within this Citty, viz 1 ., in y e first warde Joan 
Rosie and Johan. van Ale, y e 2 d warde Hend. Roseboom 
and Abraham Kip, and in y* 5 3 d warde Jacob Lansing and 
Fredrek Harmense, and that for that purpose a warrant 
be directed to them or y e major part of them, to visit all 
voeder houses and fyreings within this Citty, once in each 
three weeks, and wherever y e same be held in unconveii- 
ient places to fyne y e owner thereof in y e summe of 6s. 

Resolved that y e Cryer goe round y e Citty and give no- 
tice to such person who have undertake without leave 
to use y e leather and hooks belonging to this Citty, that 
they forthwith or at longest in y e space of twice twenty 
four hours, return y e same to its place on y e west side of 
y Church, upon penalty of forfeiting y summe of 6s for 
such neglect. 



198 The City Records. 

November 27. The Common Councill fyndeing that y 9 
sheriffe according to y e late Resolution on y e 21st Instant, 
hath not observed the same, so far as to deliver to this 
meeting an exact account of one-third of the forfeitures 
relateing y e Indian trade, as then was required, it is there- 
fore ordered that the said sheriffe, together with his late 
deputy Jo. Gilbert, doe deliver an exact account of y 6 said 
forfeitures at our next mayor's court, without fail. 

Ordered, that a Proclamation be issued out against re- 
tailing without lycence; forfeit 5 for y e Behooffe of such 
as sues for y e same. 



Att a Mayor's Court held in y e Citty Hall of Albany, 
y c 5th of December, 1704 : Present, Johannis Schuy- 
ler, mayor, Joh. Abeel, recorder, and four aldermen. 

James Parker by his Petition desyres that care may be 
taken for quarters against y e 1st of May 1705 for Liev 1 Mat- 
thew Shanks, being y e said Parker hath necessary occasion 
then to use the house where y e s d Liev 1 now dwells; y e 
Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen, considering how often 
y e said Parker hath requested for the use of his said house, 
doe Resolve to acquaint his Excellency my Lord Cornbury 
hereof, so that a new order may be sent up to provide 
other Lodgeing for y e s d Liev 1 . 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty Hall of Albany 
the 19th of December, 1704. 

It is concluded by y e Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
ality, that a Proclamation be published that no person or 
persones shall within y e walls or stockadoes of this Citty 
drive horse or horses before either slee, wagon or cart, 
or on horseback, on the streets of the said Citty, faster 
than a stap or moderate trott, upon penalty of forfeiting 
for each such offence as a fyne the summe of 6s, and 
wherever any dung is turned out on y 6 streets of s d Citty, 
or found on y e same upon Saturday in the week, then and 
in such case, the person or persones who are guilty thereof 
shall forfeit y 6 summe of 15s for y e behooffe of the sheriffe 
who is to sue for y e same, 

Jan 25, 170} Mr. Frans Winne gives in an account 



The City Records. 199 

for sundreys layd out of y e fixing up of y 6 Citty great 
gunns, Repaireing the Burger Blockhouse, &c. : it is Re- 
solved that a Committee be appointed to audit y e same, 
and make Return thereof y c 30th Instant, and accordingly 
Evert Banker, Jobs. Cuyler, aldermen, Dirk van der Hey- 
den and Abraham Cuyler, assistance. 

GLOSSARY. 

Rounds passage, the narrow space inside of the wall left for the 
guard to patrol. 

Pand^ pawn. 

Coop brieffe, (koop brief,) bill of sale. 

Grounds, brieffe, deed or conveyance. 

Leathers and hooks, Ladders and hooks. 

Boedel, personal effects. 

Somer tarwe, summer wheat. 

Slees, sleighs. 

Stop, walk, or pace. 

Canastageone, Niskayuna. 

See also vol. ii, p. 143; vol. iii, p. 57. 

A difficulty in tracing names with certainty in these records arises 
from the practice with the Dutch of giving only the first name. For 
instance Rip van Dam having a son Claas, the latter would be fre- 
quently called Claas Ripse, (Rip zoon) that is, Claas the son of Rip, 
to distinguish him from some other Claas, instead of using the sur- 
name. These instances occur on almost every page, and it requires 
a great deal of familiarity with the names of the citizens at this 
period to know who is intended by Gerrit Gerritse, Jan Janse, Jacob 
Jacobse, Melgert Melgcrtse, SfC. $c. On page 180, Joachim Volken- 
burgh is called Jochim Lambertse, being the son of Lambert Volken- 
burgh. The surnames beginning with van come from the same 
practice of using Christian names. Thus Abraham van der Poel, is 
Abraham from (or of) the Pond, to distinguish him from, perhaps, 
Abraham van der Heyden, that is from the heathen. The Scotch 
who have a great many words in common with the Dutch, have also 
John Johnson, (Jan Jansen and Hanse Hansen in Dutch,) Richard 
Dickson (Dirk Dirksen,) #c., #c. The subject can only be glanced 
at here. 

[Annals iv.] 18 



( 200 ) 

PLAN OF ALBANY, 1676. 



The diagram on the opposite page is a fac simile of the 
oldest plan of the city that has yet been discovered. It 
is reduced from the original manuscript in the office of 
the Secretary of State, preserved by Dr. O'Callaghan, in 
the series marked Land Papers, I, 58. It seems to em- 
brace that part of the city now bounded by the river on 
the east, Beaver street on the south, Pearl street on the 
west, and Steuben street on the north. But two streets 
are denominated on the map, Joncaer straet, now State ; 
and Rom straet, now Maiden lane. Broadway is repre- 
sented by parallel lines. The earliest title that we know 
for it, was Handelaer straet, as seen on a map made 
twenty years later. (See Annals Hi, 39.) The walls, it 
will be seen, are pierced for six gates (poerts). The 
guard house seems to have occupied the old elm tree 
corner, and Pearl street was eighty feet wide, now eighty- 
four. The bridge (Jbrug) crossed the Rutten kill just north 
of the foot of Beaver street. The dwellings (huyseri) 
were thus confined within a narrow compass, and sur- 
rounded by a line of upright posts, of which pine seems 
to have been the customary material, thirteen feet long 
and one foot in diameter. The preservation of this 
wooden wall was expensive and vexatious to an extraor- 
dinary degree, as the records bear witness. Mandates 
wenth forth periodically to compel delinquent burghers to 
produce and " sett their quotaes"; " and even forlorn widows 
were sternly commanded by the burgomasters and schepens, 
in grim conclave at the Citty hall, to " ride their stock- 
adoes ; " in default whereof the schout fiscaal was 
diected to strain 18d for each deficient stockadoe ! 



(203) 
SYNOPSIS 

OF THE 

PRINCIPAL ACTS RELATING TO ALBANY, 

PASSED BY THE 

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THEIR MAJESTIES' PROVINCE OP NEW 
YORK. 

FROM 1691 TO 1713.* 

It was directed that a court of sessions of the peace 
should be held for the city and county of Albany, at the 
City Hall of the said city on the first Tuesday in June, 
the first Tuesday in October, and the first Tuesday in 
February, for " the increase of virtue and discouraging 
of evil doers," " to hold and continue for the space and 
time of two dayes and no longer." And for the more 
regular and beneficial distribution of justice to the in- 
habitants, a 'court of common pleas was ordered to be 
held at the same place, to begin the next day after the 
sessions terminates, and to be held for two days only, by 
one judge and three justices, to hear, try and determine 
all things triable at the common law. 

In order to supply the troop of horse, it was required 
that " whenever the said troop shall not compleat the 
number of fifty, to present double the number instead of 
such as are dead, removed or wanting, out of the prin- 
cipal inhabitants and gentlemen of the city, unto the 
governor for the time being, who from time to time may 
list and order so many of them to be of the said troop 
as may compleat the number of fifty for their majesties 
service, and the security of this province," who were 
obliged to serve under a penalty of five pounds fine. 

It was enacted that for the good government and rule 
of their majesties subjects, a session of a general assem- 
bly should be held in the province once in every year. 

* These laws serve better than any thing else we have met with 
to show the great expense and anxiety of the citizens and the govern- 
ment, in defending the frontiers at Albany. 



204 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

To this assembly Albany was allotted two representa- 
tives, and the colony of Rensselaerswyck one. Every 
freeholder, by which was understood every person who 
had forty shillings per annum in freehold, had a free 
choice and vote in the electing of representatives. Re- 
presentatives were paid ten shillings currant money of 
the province per day, from the time of their going out 
till their return home; which was a city charge. 

An Act to enable the city of Albany to defray their 
necessary charge. 

Forasmuch as the inhabitants of the city and county 
of Albany have been during the time of the late dis- 
orders, very much aggrieved, wasted, destroyed, and 
impoverished by the incursions of the French, their 
majesties declared enemies, and that it is absolutely 
necessary that some suitable and convenient way should 
be found out for their relief and more easy defraying of 
the necessary charge of that city and county, be it 
therefore enacted by the governor and council, and 
representatives convened in general assembly, and it is 
hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that the 
imposition or rate of two per cent shall be raised and 
levied upon all Indian goods that are brought up to that 
city and county of Albany, and there sold or consumed. 
And also that the impost of three pence be raised and 
levied upon each gallon of rum, that is sold and con- 
sumed within that city and county. And for the due 
and orderly collecting of the said respective imposts and 
rates, the treasurer of the said city for the time being, 
or any appointed by him, and the mayor of the said 
city, under the public seal of the said city, are hereby 
empowered and authorized to appoint, constitute and 
establish a collector or receiver of the rates and im- 
posts aforesaid, who shall have power to receive the 
same, and to enter in a fair book, kept for that pur- 
pose, all such sum and sums of money as shall be so 
entered and received for the respective duties aforesaid ; 
the said collector or receiver appointing certain con- 
venient times and places for the keeping of the office, as 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 205 

shall be directed by the court of mayor and aldermen 
and assistants of the said city. And all persons that 
trade and bring up to the said city and county the afore- 
mentioned Indian goods and rum, are hereby required to 
make a report of the quantity and value of such goods 
and rum they so bring up and sell in the city and county 
aforesaid, and pay the duties and impost hereby estab- 
lished, without being at any further charge than the said 
duty. And in default hereof it shall be lawful for the 
mayor, treasurer, or any other officer hereby authorized, 
to issue out his or their warrant, under his or their hand 
and seal, for the seizing of all such goods and rum as 
shall be imbezzled, and not pay the duties aforesaid, one 
third to the informer, one third to the said city and 
county of Albany, and one third to his excellency the 
governor commander in chief for the time being. Pro- 
vided that all the sum or sums of money that are 
hereby received, shall be only appropriated and applied 
to the defraying of the necessary charges of the city and 
county aforesaid. And that the treasurer, collector or 
receiver for the time being, shall not pay any of the 
money received as aforesaid, but by a warrant from the 
mayor of the said city, and approved by the court of 
aldermen and assistants. Provided, that this act shall 
only remain in force for the space of three years, and no 
longer, any thing contained herein to the contrary in any 
wise notwithstanding. 

An act for the raising of two thousand pounds for pay- 
ing and defraying the incidental charges, according to 
establishment of one hundred fuzileers, with their 
proper officers. 

" For the securing the frontiers of this province in the 
county of Albany, it is thought convenient that his ex- 
cellency, the captain general, do raise one company to 
consist of one hundred fuzileers, with their proper 
officers, which shall remain in the said county, for the 
defence thereof, one whole year, to commence on the 28th 
day of March now last past." Of the sum of 2000 
ordered to be raised by this act, the city and county of 
Albany was rated 180. This was followed by another 



206 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

act for raising and paying one hundred and fifty men, 
forthwith, for the reinforcement and defence of Albany 
for six months. This act set forth that the frontiers of 
Albany were in imminent danger of being lost, being daily 
threatened with invasion by the French, and that forasmuch 
as all their majesties neighboring plantations depended on 
having this place well secured; and for the effectual doing 
of which, application had been made to (he neighboring 
plantations without effect, therefore it was determined 
to raise one hundred and fifty men to reinforce Albany, 
who should serve six months, from the first day of Novem- 
ber 1691. Fifteen hundred pounds was ordered to be 
raised for their support, of which sum the city of Albany 
was assessed one hundred and thirty pounds. 

At the third session of the General Assembly, begun in 
the city of New York on the 19th April, 1692, an act was 
passed "for raising two hundred men with their proper 
officers for the securing and reinforcing of Albany in the 
frontiers of this province." It recited that, "whereas the 
forces lately raised for the reinforcing and securing the 
frontiers at Albany, are not to continue in the service 
longer than the first of May next ensuing ; and forasmuch 
as it is absolutely necessary for the safety of all their 
majesties neighboring colonies and plantations, as well as 
for the security of this province, that there be and remain 
at that place sufficient force for the defence thereof; and 
whereas the present state and condition of this province is 
such, that they are not able at this, time to make sufficient 
provision of men and money for the reinforcing of that 
place, as is truly necessary for the maintaining such a 
considerable post, which is the only Bull- work of defence 
for all their majesties neighboring colonies and plantations 
in this main of America: yet that the said place may not be 
deserted nor the Indians, who have been so constant to us, 
discouraged ; Be it therefore enacted by the commander- 
in-chief and council, and representatives convened in 
general assembly, and by the authority of the same, that 
the commander-in-chief do issue out his warrants to the 
chief military officers in the respective cities and counties 
undernamed, for the raising of 200 men, armed as the law 
directs, with their proper officers, in such proportions 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 207 

hereafter mentioned, to consist and make two distinct 
companies of fuziliers, for the reinforcement and security 
of the frontiers of this province in the county of Albany 
aforesaid, which shall continue and remain in the county 
of Albany, for the defence and security thereof, for the 
term and space of five months, to commence on the first 
day of May next ; and to end and terminate on the first 
day of October then following." 

For the payment and maintenance of these soldiers, an 
assessment of 1500 currant money of the province was 
ordered. New York was to furnish 345 for 46 men; the 
county of Westchester 127: 10s, for 17 men; the county 
of Richmond 67: 10s. for 9 men; the counties of Ulster 
andDutchess 210 for 28 men ; the county of Suffolk 300, 
for 40 men; the county of Kings 210 for 28 men; the 
county of Queens 225 for 30 men ; the county of Orange 
15 for 2 men. The soldiers and money were to be ready 
by the first of May under severe penalties. The comman- 
der-in-chief was authorized to borrow 700 at ten per 
cent, to prevent delay or embarrassment. 

At the fourth session of the General Assembly begun 
in the city of New York on the 14th August, 1692, 
another act was passed, similar to the preceding, for 
raising 220 men, to be peremptorily at Albany on the first 
day of October, and there to continue seven calendar 
months. For their payment and maintenance 2860 
was ordered to be raised. The respective counties were 
allowed to pay the sums allotted to them in current silver 
money at New York, or in good merchantable provisions 
at the following rates. Pork, 50s. a barrel; Beef, 32s. 6d. 
a barrel ; Winter wheat, 4s. a bushel ; Tallow 4^d. a pound. 

At the fifth session of the General Assembly begun in 
city of New York on the 24th of October, 1692, some of 
the general laws of the previous sessions were revised. 
It was ordained that there should be held in the city and 
county of Albany two fairs j-early; the first at Albany, 
commencing on the first Tuesday of July and continue 
four days ; the second to be held at Crawlier in Rensse- 
laerswyk, on the thh'd Tuesday in October, to continue 
four days and no longer. 



208 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

In September 1693, an act was passed for raising 6000 
for the paying of 300 volunteers and their officers, to be 
employed in the reinforcement of the frontiers of the 
province at Albany. 

In October, 1694, an act was passed for raising 500 
to pay 100 men for the same purpose. 

In March, July and October, 1695, the following acts 
were passed: 

An act for raising 2660 to pay 170 men for securing 
the frontiers at Albany. 

An act to enable the city of Albany to defray their 
necessary charge. 

An act for raising 800 for paying the soldiers em- 
ployed in defending the frontiers. 

An act for raising 864: 15s. for paying a company of 
fuzileers on the frontiers. 

An act for raising 700 to enable his excellency to keep 
the men that are now in the companies appointed by his 
majesty, and to encourage others to list themselves. 

An act for raising 500 to pay 100 men to be raised 
for reinforcing the frontiers. 

In March and April, 1696, were passed: 

An act for raising 120 effective men, to be employed 
for the reinforcement of the frontiers in the county of 
Albany, and for raising the sum of 2593 :6s. 8d., to be 
distributed by his excellency among the said men, and 
the rest of the four companies sent over by his majesty. 

In October, 1696, being the 4th session of the fifth As- 
sembly, an act was passed "for raising 100 men to be 
listed in his majesties three companies posted at Albany, 
for the security of the frontiers and for the raising of 
1200 for the encouraging such as shall list themselves 
in the said companies, and for the defraying of other con- 
tingent charges at the said frontiers." 

This act recites that " whereas the provision that was 
lately made for the reinforcing and strengthening the 
frontiers of this province at Albany, hath not had that 
effect that was designed, many of the soldiers that were 
listed in his majesty's companies, and posted there having 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 209 

deserted the service, whereby the said frontiers are much 
weakened," it was enacted that 1200 should be raised 
by a levy upon all the "inhabitants, residents, sojourners 
and freeholders " in the province to be employed in rais- 
ing 100 effective men to be added to the 221 men already 
posted there. A bounty of five pounds was given to such 
as voluntarily enlisted, and one pound to any person who 
should procure any one to enlist. A further sum of 200 
was to be raised in the same way, to be expended by Pe- 
ter Schuyler, Derick Wessels and Killian Van Rensselaer, 
in procuring corn and other necessary provisions for the 
Oneida and Onondaga Indians, whose castles had been de- 
stroyed by the French. A further sum of 200 was to 
be raised in the same manner and entrusted to the same 
persons, for the purpose of employing ' ' scouts of Christ- 
ians and Indians " to watch the motions of the enemy, 
to prevent false alarms, which had occasioned great 
charge, and discontent. 

By the act of 1696, for raising $864: 15s. the following 
pay was fixed upon. 

An establishment for the pay of a company of Fuzeleers 
imployed on the Frontiers, at present under the com- 
mand of Major Schuyler, for the security of the Fron- 
tiers of this Province in Albany, from the first day of 
August last until the first day of March next following : 

s. 

The Captain a 212 days, at 8s pe* diem, - 84 16 
One Lieutenant at 4s. per diem, - - 42 08 
One ditto at 3s. per diem, - - 31 16 

4 Sergeants at Is. 6d. each per diem, 63 12 
50 private Centinels at 12d. each per diem, 530 00 
One Town Major at 4s. per diem, - 42 08 
One Chyrurgion at 2s. 6d. 26 10 

For Incidentals, - - - 27 08 

One Muster Master from 1st August to 10th 

October, at 2s. Qd. per diem, - 8 15 

For do from 10th Oct. to 1st March, 142 

days at Is. 7 02 

864 15s. 



210 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

By an act passed the same year, the city of Albany 
was assessed 60 as its proportion of 1000 ordered to 
be raised for the purpose of sending an agent to London, 
to represent to the king "how far the security of the 
fronteers at Albany hath been a barrier and place of de- 
fence for the preservation of all his majesty's adjacent 
colonies, and withal to represent unto his majesty the 
heavy burdens that hath lain upon the inhabitants of this 
province since the beginning of this war," and to request 
that means might be devised to ease them of these burdens 
in future. 

An act was passed by the general assembly in March, 
1797-8, for raising 2300 for securing the fronteers at 
Albany, and recruiting the three companies posted there. 
Also an act to enable the city of Albany to defray their 
necessary charge. 

An act for raising 1500 for Gov. Bellomont, and 500 
for the Lieut. Gov. Nanfan, assesses Albany 120, as its 
proportion of the same, was passed 1798-9. 

An act was passed in the latter year for annulling 
several extravagant grants of land made by Col. Fletcher, 
while governor of the province. One of these was a 
grant " unto Mr. Godfrey Dellius, bearing date the 3d 
September, 1696, and registered in the secretary's office 
containing a certain tract of land lying upon the cast side 
of Hudson's river, between the north most bounds of Sa- 
raghtoga and the Rock Rossian. containing about 70 miles 
in length, and goes back into the woods from the said Hud- 
son's river 12 miles, until it comes unto the wood back, 
and so far as it goes, be it 12 miles more or less from 
Hudson's river, on the east side, and from said creek by 
a line 12 miles distant from said river; to have and to 
hold said land and appurtenances unto him the said God- 
frey Dellius his heirs and assigns forever, under the rent 
reserved of one racoon skin per annum. 

And whereas there is another extravagant grant of 
land made unto the said Godfrey Dellius, William Pin- 
horn, and Evert Banker, &c., sealed also with the seal of 
the province, and bearing date the 30th of July, 1697, 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 211 

containing a certain tract of vacant land lying upon Mo- 
haques river, above a place commonly known by the 
name of Orrakkee, beginning from a place called by the 
nation Owehdiere, and run up along the said river at out 
50 miles more or less to a place called Arach Schone two 
miles on each side of the river as it runs ; to have and 
to hold the said tract of land and appurtenances unto 
the said Godfrey Dellius, Evert Banker, W. Pinhorn, &c., 
their heirs and assigns forever, under the reserved rent 
of one beaver skin for the first seven years, and five 
beaver skins yearly forever thereafter. That it having ap- 
peared before the house of representatives that Mr. 
Godfrey Dellius has been a principal instrument in delud- 
ing the Mohaque Indians, and illegal and surreptitious 
obtaining of said grant, that he ought to be and is hereby 
suspended from the exercise of his ministerial functions 
in the city and county of Albany. 

At the seventh legislative session, begun on the 19th 
August, 1701, it was enacted, by reason that the engi- 
neer was out of the province, and the necessity of put- 
ting the frontier in defense was immediate, a part of the 
money raised for building a fort in the Indian country 
should be used for repairing the forts at Albany and Sche- 
ncctady, namely: 150 to be put into the hands of John 
Bleeker, Sen., Hendrick Hansen and Peter Van Brugh, 
for the immediate repair of the fort at Albany, and 50 
to Ryer Schermerhorn and Isaac Switz for repairing the 
fort at Schenectady. 

At the session of the General Assembly begun Octo- 
ber 20, 1702, the first year of Queen Anne. " Whereas 
by the great neglect of those who have lately exercised 
the powers of government in this colony, the fortifica- 
tions on the fronteers thereof have run to ruin and 
decay," and the safety of the colony greatly depended on 
making good and preserving the fortifications and out- 
posts, it was enacted that 1800 should be raised for 
maintaining 150 fuzileers for five months, and 30 men as 
scouts for 62 days; the fuzileers to be posted on the fron- 
teers at or near Albany, from the 15th November to the 
19 



212 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

15th April. Of the above sum Albany, which for many 
years seems to have paid its tax by quartering the 
soldiers, was now apportioned 144. 

An act was also passed at the same session for raising 
2000 for Lord Cornbury, the city and county of Albany 
being assessed 120 towards the sum . 

In order " that the breed of wolves in this colony may 
be wholly rooted out and extinguished," an act was 
passed fixing different rewards in different counties for 
the destruction of those animals. " In the county of Al- 
bany 10s. for a grown Wolf, killed either by Christians or 
Indians, and half that sum for a whelp." 

At the session begun on the 13th April, 1703, an act 
was passed obliging persons to pay their arrears of 1000 
tax " laid in the 12th year of William III., 1700," for 
building a fort in Onondage ;" in which it was directed 
that the arrears of the said sum of 1000, as Well as 
what had already been raised for that purpose, should be 
applied towards carrying on the fortifications at Albany. 

An act was also passed at this session to enable the 
justices of the peace of the city and county of Albany, 
to repair or rebuild a common jail, city and county hall, 
and to pay the arrears of their public charge. It au- 
thorized the raising by tax a sum not exceeding 400 for 
that purpose, during three years. 

In 1704, an act was passed " to charge the several 
cities and counties of this colony with 143 10s. Wd. for 
fitting and furnishing a room for the general assembly, 
with a lobby, in the City Hall of New York." The share 
of this expense allotted to Albany was 9 19s. 5d. 

In 1705 an act was passed " for defraying the common 
and necessary charges of the Mannor of Rensselaerwick 
in the county of Albany." It made it lawful for the in- 
habitants of the manor to elect yearly one supervisor, 
one assessor and collector; and directed that the wages 
of their representatives in the assembly should be the 
same as in the other cities and counties of the province, 
which was 10s. a day, and that the inhabitants of the 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 213 

manor should be liable only for the wages and charges of 
their own representative. 

Also an act to raise 100 additional to the 400 pre- 
viously authorized to build the jail and city hall, the 
latter sum proving inadequate to the completion of the 
work. The manor of Rensselaerswyck was not to be 
chargeable with any portion of the j100 assessment. 

Also " an act to prevent the running away of negro 
slaves out of the city and county of Albany to the French 
in Canada." " Whereas the city and county of Albany 
on the frontiers of this province towards the French of 
Canada, and that it is of great concerns to this colony, 
during this time of war with the French, that no intelli- 
gence be carried from the said city and county to the 
French at Canada ; and whereas the justices of the peace 
for the said city and county at a court of sessions held at 
the city hall of the said city of Albany on the fifth day 
of June of this present year of our Lord, 1705, did re- 
commend to the representatives of the said city and 
county to lay before the assembly of this province, now 
convened, the fears and jealousies they have, that several 
negro slaves belonging to the inhabitants there, have a de- 
sign to leave their respective owners and go to the French 
at Canada, as some have already done, which has and 
would be to the great loss and detriment of the owner or 
owners of such negro slave or slaves, and also of very per- 
nicious consequence to the whole province * * be it 
enacted * * that all and every negro slave or slaves 
belonging to any of the inhabitants of the city and county of 
Albany, who shall from and after the first day of August, 
of this present year of our Lord, 1705, be found travel- 
ing forty miles above the city of Albany, at or above a 
certain place, called Sarachtoge, unless in company of 
his, her, or their master, mistress, Or such employed by 
them, or either of them, and be thereof convicted by the 
oaths of two or more credible witnesses, before the 
court of sessions of the peace of this city and county, 

* * shall suffer the pains of death as in cases of 
felony." 

It was further enacted that any slave belonging to an 
inhabitant of the county, who should be found offending 



214 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

against this act after the first of August, should be conveyed 
to the next justice of the peace, and be by him committed 
to jail, without bail or mainprise. The justice was 
required to notify the owner, that he might appear and 
nominate one or more indifferent persons to appraise the 
value of the slave, the justice appointing as many more 
to meet with them for that purpose. The appraisers 
were to make their return within two days in order that 
if the slave should be convicted and executed, in order that 
the sum of such appraisement and the charges of prosecution 
might be levied and collected of all persons owning slaves ; 
and the valuation of the slave paid to the owner thereof. 
To avoid any difference concerning the value of any slave, 
it was enacted that any negro slave, male or female, 
above the age of fifteen years, fit for service, should be 
rated and assessed at thirty pounds, for the purpose 
of defraying the above charges. The law was to continue 
in force during the war with the French. 

"An act for regulating slaves" was passed in the first 
year of Queen Anne, 1702, which forbade any person to 
trade with a slave, without the consent of his owner, under 
a penalty of 5 and treble the value of the article traded 
for. The owners of slaves were permitted to punish them 
for offences at discretion, "not extending to life or member." 
"And forasmuch as the number of slaves in the cities of 
New York and Albany, and also in other towns within 
this province, doth daily increase, and that they have been 
found oftentimes guilty of confederating together in run- 
ning away, or other ill practices," it was enacted that there- 
after it should not be lawful for above three slaves to meet 
together except for some servile employment for their 
owners, under penalty of being whipt upon the naked 
back not exceeding forty lashes. A common whipper 
was to be appointed whose salary was to be raised by a 
tax upon slave owners not exceeding three shillings for 
every slave owned. In case any slave should presume 
to assault or strike any free man or woman professing 
Christianity, the justices of the peace were authorized 
to commit him to imprisonment for fourteen days, and 
inflict corporal punishment at discretion. Persons were 
prohibited from employing or harboring the slaves of 



Public Acts relating to Albany. 215 

others under heavy penalties. "And whereas slaves 
are the property of Christians, and can not, without 
great loss or detriment to their masters or mistresses, 
be subjected in all cases criminal, to the strict rules of 
the laws of England," it was enacted that if any slave 
by theft or other trespass, should damnify any person to 
the value of five pounds or under, his owner was liable 
to make satisfaction. No slave was allowed to be good 
evidence in any matter excepting in cases of plotting and 
confederacy among themselves, either to run away, kill 
or destroy their owner, or burning of houses or barns, 
or barracks of corn, or killing their owner's cattle, and 
that against one another, in which case the evidence of 
one slave was allowed to be good against another slave. 

An act also passed for levying and collecting 1300 
for the defence of the frontiers. 

An act to enable the justices of the peace of the city 
and county of Albany to raise the sum of 100 for the 
rebuilding of a common jail and city hall. 

In 1706 an act was passed, For the better raising, levy- 
ing and defraying the necessary charge of the Manor of 
Rensselaerwyck in the county of Albany. 

An act for raising a fund of 983 10s. for the defence 
of the frontiers, &c. 

In 1708, an' act for raising a fund of 1200 for presents 
to the Five Nations, and for defence of the frontiers. 

In 1709 a law was passed for raising 6000 towards 
defraying the charges of an expedition to Canada, of 
which 600 was assessed on the county of Albany. 
Another act was passed at the same session for raising 
JE4000, of which 175 10s. was apportioned to Albany. 

An act to revive the act prohibiting the selling, or giv- 
ing of rum to the Indians of the county of Albany. 

An act for the treasurer's issuing bills of credit to pay 
the present debt of the expedition to Canada, and other 
uses. Of the sums appropriated to Albany, were the fol- 
lowing. To Col. Killian Fan Rensselaer, Maj. Derrick 
Wessels, and Mindert Schuyler, appointed commissioners 



216 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

for managing the affairs relating to the provisions and all 
other necessaries for the said expedition, as hath been 
sent to them at Albany, 375 oz. of plate, or 545^ Lyon 
dollars. To Johannes Cuyler their clerk 75 oz. plate, or 
109 Lyon dollars. To John and Abraham Schuyler and 
their attendants 125 oz. plate or 18 If- Lyon dollars for 
their services and expenses in a journey to Onondaga and 
other Indians by order of the government. To the com- 
missioners for managing the Indian affairs at Albany, 
.1850 oz. plate 2018 dollars, 650 oz. (or 945}) to be 
paid such Christians and Indians as shall be employed for 
out-scouts for the defence of the frontiers this winter. 
362^ oz. (227 and 4 pwts.) for fire and candles for the 
garrisons of Albany and Schenectady. 151 oz. ($218) 
for necessary repairs of the blockhouses and building a 
new one for lodging the regular troops at Albany. To Da- 
vid Schuyler 37 oz. ($54^), and to Lawrence Claessen 
25 oz. plate (f36^) for their journey to Onondage in 
May last. 

An act for the better watching and guarding the city of 
Albany. 

An act for the city and county of Albany to pay their 
arrears due to their representatives and for other uses. 

In 1710, An act for repairing the blockhouses and 
other fortifications of the city of Albany and town of 
Schenectady. 

Present necessity requiring that the act to prevent the 
selling or giving of rum or other strong liquors to the In- 
dians in the county of Albany, expired by limitation, it was 
reenacted to be in force until June next ensuing. " And 
whereas Mr. John Cuyler did farm the excise at Albany, 
for one whole year upon the 7th day of July last for the sum 
of 131 at which time the prohibition of selling rum and 
other strong liquors to the Indians in the county of Albany 
was limited by an act of General Assembly only for three 
months, which prohibition is now revived, whereby the 
said Cuyler will be a loser, in regard the Indians con- 
sumed a great deal of strong liquor," it was enacted, 
"that what damage the said John Cuyler shall sustain by 



Public Acts rtkting to Albany. 217 

the said prohibition shall at the expiration of the year 
be taken into consideration by the general assembly, and 
allow him as they shall think fit and reasonable. 

An act for the better watching and guarding of the city 
of Albany. Forasmuch as divers officers, both civil and 
military, inhabiting in the city of Albany, the frontier of 
this colony, claim a privilege to be exempted and free from 
watching, some upon pretence of law, and others by cus- 
tom, and it being now a time of danger, be it enacted, 
that all the civil officers, and all those that for- 
merly have had military commissions and are not now in 
immediate command, and others who are not listed in the 
city companies or troops inhabiting in the city of Albany 
(except ministers of the gospel), be obliged to list them- 
selves in a company which is to be commanded by a cap- 
tain and two lieutenants, as the governor shall appoint 
out of the said civil or military officers ; which company 
is hereby directed and ordered to take its respective turn 
in mounting and keeping the night guards, in some conve- 
nient place in the city, as other companies of the militia 
of said city do. If any of the above named officers should 
refuse to accept such commission, they were to forfeit 20, 
one half to go to the prosecutor, and the other towards 
fortifying the city. Any citizen not a member of the 
military company who should not enlist in the space of 
30 days after publication of the act, was to forfeit 6; 
and any one of said company refusing or neglecting to 
mount guard in his turn, and keep the night guard, or 
send a fit substitute, forfeited 3 shillings. In time of 
alarm all the inhabitants of Albany " except those of 
Schenectady," as well as those listed in the military com- 
pany as those not, were required upon the first warning 
to come into the city of Albany, with their arms, for its 
defence, under a penalty of 50. {Published Nov, 12, 
1709.] 

An act for the city and county of Albany to pay the 
arrears due to their representatives, and for other uses. 
This act sets forth that noth withstanding several acts of 
the assembly to the contrary, sundry persons who had 
served as members for the city and county of Albany, had 



218 Public Acts relating to Albany. 

been kept out of their lawful allowance, while others who 
had served both before and after them had been duly paid; 
to prevent which for the future it was enacted that the su- 
pervisors, assessors and collectors for the city and county, 
except the manor of Rensselaerwyck, should within six 
weeks after notice given, raise by tax a sum not exceeding 
J6200, for the payment of Myndert Schuyler's salary for 
the years 1702 to 1706 inclusive; and John Cuyler and 
Peter Van Brugh for the years 1705 and 1706; the said 
officers to see that the money was raised and paid over, 
under a penalty of JE50, and to observe the punctual pay- 
ment of the same expenses in future under like penalty 
for omission. 

And forasmuch as there was a want of public wells in 
the first and second wards for extinguishing fires, it was 
made lawful for the common council to raise money by 
tax not exceeding .30 in each ward for one or more stone 
wells in each ward for public use. 

It was further enacted that forever thereafter upon the 
change of supervisors and treasurers, by annual election, 
those officers should deliver over to their successors their 
books of public accounts and other papers relating to 
their offices ; and that citizens should have access to the 
same for a week previous to the day of election. 

That the freeholders and inhabitants of Coxhacky and 
Catskill, and all those lying to the south of the manor of 
Rensselaerwyck, on the west side of Hudson's river, as 
far as the county of Albany extends, and the freeholders 
and inhabitants of that part of the manor of Livingston, 
living on the north side of Roeloffe Jansen's kill, and all 
the inhabitants to the northward of the manor of Rens- 
selaerwyck, if they thought fit might elect one supervisor, 
two assessors and one collector, for their respective ward 
or precinct. 

In 1712 an act for the better repairing the fortifications 
of the city of Albany and town of Schenectady, and pro- 
viding their military watches with fire wood. 

In 1713 an act for the treasurer's paying the sum of 125 
oz. of plate unto Peter Van Brugh and Hendrick Hansen, 
Esq., late Commissioners at Albany. 



(219) 



THE 

DUKE DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULT-LIANCOURT* 

IN ALBANY, 1795. 



[The Duke de la Rochefoucault Liancourt was one of 
the most amiable and best informed of the French no- 
bility who were exiled by the revolution. In the year 
1795 he made a journey for philosophical and commercial 
observation throughout a great part of North America, 
and communicated his observations to the world in a 
valuable narrative, from which that portion relating to 
Albany and its vicinity is given below. He was a 
traveler of no ordinary discernment and diligence, in 
inquiry; but falls into the customary errors of brief so- 
journers, who speak freely of persons and places which 
they do not have time and opportunity to become thorough- 
ly acquainted with.] 

He set out from Philadelphia in May, and passed 
through the state of Pennsylvania into Canada. On the 
25th of July he arrived at Oswego on his return from 
Canada, where he learned that American vessels sail- 
ed from that place less frequently during the harvest 
than at other times, which would probably occasion him 
some delay. Being both impatient to quit the English 

FRAXCOIS ALEXANDRE FREDERIC, DUKE DE LA ROCHEFOTJCAULT LiAxcorRT, 
born in 1747. was a member of ihe constituent assembly in 1789, alter the dissolu- 
tion of which he took the military command at Rouen, in his capacity of lieulen- 
ant general (1792) After the 10th of August, the duke de Liancourt, as he was 
then styled, left France, and resided for eighteen months in F,ngland. He then 
travelled through the United States, whence he returned in 1793, and, after the 
18th Brumaire. returned to France, where he devoted himself to (he promotion of 
the useful arts and to benevolent offices. It was through his influence that vaccina- 
tion was introduced into France. After the res oration, he was created a peer, but, 
on account of the liberality of his sentiments, was, in 1823 and 1624, excluded 
from the council of stale, and removed from the several boards of which he was a 
member; among others, of that for the encouragement of vaccination This 
venerable philanthropist and patriot, whose lust years were persecuted by the in- 
temperate zeal of polit.cal bigotry, died at Puris, in ]?27, at the age of eighty-one 
years. His life, by his son, was published the same year. His principal work is 
hi" Voyage dans les Etats Cnis, S vols., 8vo [of which a translation was published 
iu England jii 2 vols. 4<o.] Encyclopaedia Americana. 



220 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

dominions, he says, and afraid to incur too great an ex- 
pense by hiring a whole ship for ourselves, we were walk- 
ing, in some degree of perplexity, on the bastion along the 
shore, when we discovered a vessel approaching. The 
soldiers, who have learned hatred and contempt of the 
Americans along with the manual exercise, perceiving the 
attention with which we observed her approach, said to 
us, " Why, gentlemen, that is nothing; she is but a vessel 

of the d d Yankees;" and it was exactly a vessel of 

the Yankees, we wished to obtain. Mr. VANALLEN, an 
American, who resides in the vicinity of Albany, com- 
manded the vessel ; became on shore shortly after, to 
procure some fresh provision, of which he stood in need, 
and to cure himself of an intermittent fever, that he had 
caught in the woods. From want of an inn, he had no 
opportunity of buying any at the fort ; the officers might 
have easily supplied him with some vegetables ; but in 
the opinion of a British officer, it is neither necessary 
nor decent to succor a Yankee. 

Mr. Vanallen, although thus disappointed in his hope 
of finding in Oswego the necessary succor for his re- 
covery, yet promised us two places in his vessel. He 
could not however set sail for Albany sooner than the 
next day, or perhaps in two or three days, after having 
been joined by three other vessels, which he expected, and 
in quest of which he returned to a certain point on the 
lake. 

Two whole days elapsed, and the third began to press 
heavy upon us, when, being alone in the fort, I at last 
descried two vessels with my telescope, which was con- 
stantly pointed to the coast, whence I expected my de- 
liverance ; my effects were soon packed up and my stores 
collected. Whether these vessels belonged to Mr. Van- 
alien or any other person, we were determined to seize 
upon the first opportunity of departing from Oswego. It 
was Mr. Vanallen ; he had been joined but by one of the 
vessels, and had resolved not to wait for the rest; yet as 
it was already noon, as his vessels were heavy laden, and 
the rapids two miles from Oswego, which he was obliged 
to pass, would have detained him too long to make much 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 221 

way the remainder of the day, he proposed to us, to fol- 
low him on foot, at four o'clock the next morning. We 
thought it better, to share his tent with him that very 
evening. 

We set out at break of day, and yet were not able to 
advance more than ten miles, the whole day. The navi- 
gation of the river Oswego is extremely troublesome, 
as there is but very seldom sufficient water, even for 
pushing the vessel along. Each of our vessels, it is true, 
carried about one ton and a half, but each was worked 
too by three men. 

Mr. Vanallen, in whose vessels we took our passage, is 
member of the congress for the county of Albany in the 
state of New York. He is also a geometer and surveyor. 
His age, and, no doubt, his talents, seem to have pro- 
cured him the confidence of his country. He is charged 
with the commission of surveying upwards of half a 
million of acres, situated on Lake Ontario and the River 
St. Lawrence. Mr. Vanallen is justice of the peace, and 
for this reason styled 'Squire by his people, if he do not 
swear at them. He is about fifty years old, is said to 
possess a tolerable share of information, and seems in 
fact to be a worthy and intelligent man. 

After a navigation, which ran constantly between woods, 
and in the course of which we saw, in a tract of country 
of eleven miles in length, not one felled tree, we reached 
at last, partly by rowing, and partly by pushing the vessel 
along, the rapids of the Three Rivers. All surperfluous 
people were here obliged to leave the vessel. Mr. Van- 
allen, therefore, as well as myself, went on shore, and 
repaired to a small cottage. 

The Three Rivers Point, which is the name of this 
place, is a very interesting spot. The navigation, by 
which the provision from the district of Genesee is con- 
veyed across the lakes, and the salt from the brine-spring, 
near the borders of Onondago, here joins that by which 
the provision is procured on the Mohawk River from 
Albany and all the eastern provinces. The navigation 
between Albany and the Lakes of Genesee has hitherto 
been far more frequent than from any of these points to 
Lake Ontario. But the time can not be distant, when this 



222 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

spot, where at present stands no building but an inn, will 
become the site of an important town. As yet, it is one 
of the most unhealthy spots in a country by no means re- 
markable for salubrit}'. Our 'Squire, who had purchased 
in Kingston flour for six dollars a barrel, and pork for 
sixpence a pound, and from the connivance or extraordi- 
nary blindness of the English officers, conveyed it to the 
River Oswego, thought now of selling it here with con- 
siderable profit. He had already disposed of some bar- 
rels of flour for eight dollars a barrel at the Oswego 
Falls, and intended to transmit his whole cargo to Salt 
Springs, where he hopedt o sell it for ten dollars a barrel. 
But he learned here, that the meeting, relative to the 
treaty with the Indians, was not to take place; that the 
country was full of provision; that it was sold at a much 
lower price than he demanded; and that specie was very 
scarce. He was, therefore, necessitated to give up his 
fond hopes, and embrace the resolution of proceeding 
somewhat farther in quest of purchasers. 

I entertained some hope that, on account of this dis- 
appointment, we should this afternoon proceed some miles 
farther, when a vessel arrived, on board of which were 
Messrs. RENSSLLAER, HENRY, and STOUTS, all inhabitants 
of Albany of great respectability. The first was not 
yet perfectly recovered from a fever, which had left him 
in some measure, but still carried all the symptoms of an 
intermittent. These gentlemen intended not to proceed 
farther. Mr. Vanallen proposed to delay his departure 
until the next morning, to travel in their company; he 
introduced us to them, and a glass of good wine, which 
they carried with them (they travelled all much at their 
ease), consoled Dupetitthouars as well as myself for this 
new delay. 

The passage to Lake Oneida was attended with less diffi- 
culties, than that of the preceding days; we found it ex- 
cellent travelling in the company of the gentlemen of 
Albany, one of whom was brother to the deputy-gover- 
nor of New York, the second one of the richest mer- 
chants of Albany, and the third a very respectable law- 
yer; their behavior was frank and polite. 

At Rotterdam Mr. Vanallen found an opportunity 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 223 

of selling his whole cargo, as well as one of his vessels, 
but at lower price than he hoped to obtain. His flour he 
sold for eight dollars a barrel, and at the Oswego Falls 
for eight dollars and a quarter. 

We counted on advancing a few miles on the Wood 
Creek, before we should stop, when we fell in with our 
company from Albany, who had halted at the mouth of 
the lake. A fit of the ague had obliged Mr. Van Rensse- 
laer to put a period to this day's journey at two o'clock 
in the afternoon. The gentlemen proposed to us, to stop 
likewise ; our conductor accepted the proposal, and our 
consent was a matter of course. 

Although our party had formed the bold resolution of 
pushing on to the head of Mohawk River, we halted at 
Canada Creek, resolved to let the vessel proceed onwards 
in moonshine, and to pursue, ourselves, the voyage on the 
next morning at break of day. 

In the whole course of our navigation on the Wood 
Creek, twenty-four miles in length, we saw not one build- 
ing, and found but one spring, called Oakorchard, which 
was four minutes tilling a small glass, and the water of 
which was but of a middling quality. Messrs. Van Rens- 
selaer and Vauallen, the two sick members of our party, 
made the tour on horseback; Mr. Henry, Mr. Stouts, 
and myself, travelled on foot; and Dupetitthouars, pas- 
sionately fond of vessels and navigation, followed the 
boats to help them along. ^ 

Having, at length, reached the place on the River Mo- 
hawk, where we were to embark, we found Mr. Rensse- 
laer in a fit of the ague. An hour after, arrived the mate of 
Mr. Vanallen's vessel, seized with the same illness, and 
last of all came Dupetitthouars, the Hercules of our 
party, complaining of pains in his limbs, head-ache, and 
cold shiverings. Independently of my apprehension for 
my companion, I most devoutly wished to see the end of 
this passage, and yet our arrival in Albany was continually 
delayed by new obstructions. The navigation of the 
Mohawk River is fortunately not like that of the rivers 
we have passed lately. We descend gently with the 
20 



224 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

stream; and although its channel is in some places ob- 
structed with trees, yet they may be easily cleared. 

[The travelers reached Schenectady, after much fatigue, 
the Duke observing a great deal by the way to make 
note of, which being foreign to this work, is necessarily 
omitted.] 

Skenectady is a small town, as old as Albany, and con- 
taining mostly old houses, built in the Dutch style, which 
give it altogether the appearance of an ancient European 
city. The Mohawk River, which is here closely hemmed 
in, takes a large sweep in the vicinity of this town ; and 
a cataract renders the navigation impossible. You here 
quit the vessel, and proceed by land to Albany. The 
possibility of constructing a canal, by which the falls as 
well as other impediments of the navigation of the Mo- 
hawk River may be avoided, is acknowledged on all 
hands; and plans, it is asserted, are in contemplation, to 
facilitate the painful passage we have just made, and to 
supercede the necessity of occasional land-carriage. This 
would be a great and useful undertaking, equally hon- 
orable and advantageous for the State of New York. 
Vessels of fifteen or twenty tons burthen.it is said, might 
be employed in this navigation, which would thus become 
an outlet far preferable to that of the River St. Law- 
rence, which admits of only boats of three or four tons 
burthen. "We have heard it reported in Upper Canada, 
it is true, that with an expense of one million two hun- 
dred thousand pounds sterling an uninterrupted naviga- 
tion might be opened from London to Niagara. But in- 
dependently of one million two hundred thousand pounds 
sterling being a pretty large sum, the whole project is the 
work of an adventurer, whose wishes are easily converted 
into hopes, and whose hopes speedily mature to opinions, 
the erroneousness of which frequently time only developes. 

The information, which I was able to collect respect- 
ing Skenectady, is as follows. The settlement was 
originally formed by Brabanters, in the year 1662; but in 
latter times most of the colonists arrived from New Eng- 
land, and so they do at present. Two thirds of the 
territory of Skenectady, which comprises one hundred 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 225 

and twenty-eight square miles, are already cleared; the 
good soil is five feet, and on eminences two feet in depth; 
good land yields from twenty-five to thirty bushels of 
wheat an acre ; land of inferior quality from twelve to 
fifteen; agriculture, as well as the price of provision, is 
much the same as in the more advanced parts ; winter 
lasts, in regard to agricultural operations, from Novem- 
ber till April ; the grain suffers but very seldom, and in a 
trifling degree, from the Hessian fly, and from blights; 
the climate is healthy; the usual mart for the production 
of the country is Albany. The Episcopal is the preva- 
lent religion; although the town contains also a church 
for German Lutherans, and one for Presbyterians. The 
Germans were also the most liberal benefactors to the 
institution of a college, which was incorporated last year 
( 1794), and the property of which, raised by subscrip- 
tions and other means, amounts already to forty-two 
thousand two hundred and twenty-two dollars, and one 
thousand six hundred acres of land, given by the states.* 
Skenectady is the emporium as well for the provision, 
which comes down the Mohawk River, designed for Al- 
bany, as for the merchandise, which from the stores at 
Albany is transmitted to the countries, intersected by 
the Mohawk River and other streams, flowing into the 
former as far as the district of Genesee. The township of 
Skenectady contains about three thousand five hundred 
souls.j It is the frontier-town of the county of Albany 
towards Montgomery. The capital of this county is 
Albany; the county of Albany contains about thirty 
thousand inhabitants, of whom two thousand five hun- 
dred are slaves. 

* The College alluded to by the author, is Union College, which 
took its name from the union of various denominations of Christians 
in its establishment. The faculty of this college consisted, in 1797, 
of the president and one tutor, and the number of students was 
thirty-seven. Translator. 

t By the State Census of 1796, the township of Skenectady con- 
tains three thousand four hundred and seventy-two inhabitants, of 
whom six hundred and eighty-lhree are electors, and three hundred 
and eighty-one slaves. Translator. 



226 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

In Skenectady we took our leave of Mr. Vanallen, who, 
in addition to the civilities shewn us in the whole course 
of our voyage, declined also to accept any money for our 
passage, on the ingenious pretence, that, as we carried 
our provisions with us, we had not in the least encreased 
his expense. We remain, therefore, in many respects, 
under great obligations to this gentleman. 

Mr. Vanallen had business to transact in .Skenectady, 
and we wished to reach Albany as soon as possible. A 
stable-keeper engaged to carry us the same night to 
Albany, though it was already late ; we took accordingly 
our seats in his waggon, bolstered with straw. About 
four miles from Skenectady, the driver informed us, that 
he could not proceed farther. Grumbling, we submitted, 
therefore, to the necessity of taking up our night's lodg- 
ing in a bad inn, where, as soon as Dupetitthouars had 
occupied the only bed which was in the house, I entered 
into a conversation with the landlord and our driver, 
which, turned upon politics, the universal topic in this 
country. Since we have set foot in the territory of the 
United States, we find newspapers in every village. My 
new acquaintances were people of uncouth manners, and 
without the least education; but their opinions were just 
and sensible, and their judgments extremely correct. 
They manifested a strong attachment to France, and 
most earnestly wished her success. They hate England, 
confide in their President, and speak of DE LA FAYETTE 
with tears in their eyes. This universal attachment of 
the Americans to De la Fayette, and the grateful senti- 
ments of him expressed by all without exception, though 
in the course of the French Revolution he acted a part 
not approved by all, refute in a forcible manner the 
charge of -levity and ingratitude frequently preferred 
against the Americans. " May he come," said a man to 
us this morning who was riding on horseback by the side 
of our carriage, " May the Marquis come, we will make 
him rich. It is through him that France made us free ; 
never shall we be able to do so much for him, as he has 
done for us." 

After a three hours' journey through a country, which 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 227 

is much like the woods of Anjou, sandy, covered with 
fern, and bearing ijone but sickly trees, we at length ar- 
rived at Albany. 

Albany is one of the most ancient settlements in North 
America; it was formed in the year 1660; and the town 
incorporated in 1686. The history of this city, which 
occurs in all descriptions of the United States, I shall 
pass over in silence. It is seated one hundred and sixty- 
five miles from New York, has a harbour, and a very 
extensive trade. Ships of eighty tons burthen sail up to 
the town ; and the trade is carried on in vessels of this 
size. A sort of sand-bank, three miles below Albany, 
renders the navigation rather difficult ; yet it is easily 
cleared with the assistance of pilots acquainted with it, and 
no ship arrives without one of them on board. This 
impediment, it is asserted, might easily be removed at 
a trifling expense ; and ships of a much larger size might 
then anchor near the city. The navigation of the river 
from the north country is open from the middle of April 
until the middle of November. The trade of Albany is 
chiefly carried on with the produce of the Mohawk 
country, and extends eastward as far as agriculture and 
cultivated lands expand. The State of Vermont, and a 
part of New Hampshire furnish also many articles of 
trade; and the exports chiefly consist in timber and lum- 
ber of every sort and description, potatoes, potash and 
pearlashes, all species of grain, and lastly in manufac- 
tured goods. These articles are, most of them, trans- 
ported to Albany in winter on sledges, housed by the 
merchants, and by them successively transmitted to New 
York, where they are either sold for bills on England, or 
exchanged for English goods, which are in return sent 
from Albany to the provinces, whence the articles for ex- 
portation were drawn. Business is, therefore, carried on 
entirely with ready money, and especially in regard to 
pot-ash ; not even the most substantial bills are accepted 
in payment. The trade of Albany is carried on in ninety 
vessels, forty -five of which belong to inhabitants of the 
town, and the rest to New York or other places. They 
are in general of seventy tons burthen, and make upon 



228 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

the average ten voyages a year, which, on computing the 
freights outwards and homewards, produces a total of 
one hundred and twenty-six thousand tons of shipping 
for the trade of Albany. Every ship is navigated by 
four men; the master is paid twenty dollars a month, if 
he have no share in the ship, the mate fifteen, and a sea- 
man nine. There is also generally a cabin-boy on board, 
or more frequently a cook, as few ships have less than 
eight passengers on board, either coming up or going 
down. The freight of goods is usually one shilling a hun- 
dred weight ; but this varies, according to their value, or 
the room they occupy. 

The trade of Albany is very safe, but seems not to be 
very profitable. The neat proceeds of a voyage amount 
upon an average to about one hundred dollars, which 
makes for the whole year one thousand dollars for a ship, 
a profit by no means considerable. If you add to this 
the money paid by passengers for their passage, which 
amounts to ten shillings a head, making from seventeen 
to twenty dollars a voyage, and from one hundred and 
seventy to two hundred dollars for the ten voyages, which 
are made in the course of the year, the whole yields but 
a very moderate profit, which is however encreased by 
the sale of the goods. This is as yet the usual way in 
which trade is carried on by this city; it deprives the 
merchants of Albany of a considerable profit, and throws 
it into the hands of those of New York. Some of the 
former undertake indeed voyages to England, Holland, 
and other countries ; but, for this purpose, they charter 
New York vessels. These are the bolder people ; and are 
called men of the new notions, but their number is small. 

The ancient customs and confined views of the timid, 
yet covetous Dutchmen, have c irefully been preserved in 
this city. No ship sails from Albany directly to Europe ; 
and yet provision is sent thither from this place. It is 
evident that, if the inhabitants would take themselves 
the trouble of exporting their produce, they would save 
useless interest, the return-freight, and double commission, 
and would obtain employment for their ships during the 
time when the navigation to the north is shut up by ico. 



JRochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 229 

Ideas of this complexion begin to dawn upon the minds 
of some merchants, and will no doubt, produce advan- 
tageous changes. From the same habitual apathy the 
merchants of Albany relinquish the trade in horses and 
mules, great numbers of which are reared in the neigh- 
bourhood, to the Connecticut merchants, who purchase 
and export them with considerable profit, to the Antilles. 
The building of ships costs in Albany about twenty- 
seven dollars and half per ton. The ships are all fir- 
built, and last about ten years. Experiments have been 
made, which prove, that ships built of dry and well sea- 
soned timber, last thirty years and upwards. The trade 
of Albany grows daily more extensive ; and the number 
of shops and ships is increasing fast. Two new towns, 
built five or six years ago, a few miles above Albany, on 
the northern bank of the river, share in this trade. 
These two towns, which have rapidly raised themselves 
to a considerable degree of importance, and are but three 
or four miles distant from each other, carry on the same 
trade as Albany with about twenty-five or thirty vessels, 
which belong to them, draw from the back country the 
productions of these fruitful provinces, transmit them to 
New York, take in return European goods, and supply 
with them those parts, which were formerly supplied from 
Albany. The greater distance, however, and less depth 
of water, are circumstances unfavorable to these new 
towns. The freight thence to Albany is two-pence per 
barrel ; their largest ships are only of sixty tons burthen, 
and generally can not take on board more than half their 
cargo, the remainder of which they receive from lighters, 
which attend them for that purpose in the vicinity of 
Albany. Yet, they continue their trade, encrease daily, 
and will probably animate Albany to greater boldness 
and activity. New City contains about sixty or seventy 
stores or shops, and Troy fifty or sixty. These new-set- 
tled merchants all prosper, and their number is daily 
encreasing. The merchants of Albany, it is reported, 
view this growing prosperity of their neighbors with an 
evil eye, and consider it as an encroachment upon their 
native rights. If this be true, the jealousy of the mer- 



230 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

chants of Albany must be the result of their ignorance 
and confined views. The provinces, which contribute 
their produce to support this trade, are yet far from 
having attained to the highest degree of cultivation; 
many parts, equally proper for that purpose, but are 
little cultivated; and others yet uncleared. Towns will 
be built still farther northwards than Troy and New 
City ; others will be erected even on the western side of 
the river, while, at the same time, the greater number of 
settlements and encreased population, will augment the 
produce and wants, and every town, whether ancient or 
new, experience an increase of business beyond what it 
will be able to do. 

Albany contains six thousand inhabitants, two thou- 
sand of whom are slaves, as the laws of the State of 
New York permit slavery. The old houses are built in 
the Dutch style, with the gable-end to the street ; the 
pyramidal part rising in steps, and terminating in a 
chimney decorated with figures, or in some iron puppets. 
All the buildings, which have been erected within these 
last ten years, are constructed of bricks in the English 
style, wide and large. 

The revenue of the city amounts to about thirty- five 
thousand dollars a year. It possesses a great quantity 
of land in the neighbouring country, and also sells the 
quays on the river at two dollars and half per foot, and 
a ground-rent of one shilling, which is irredeemable. 
This revenue is partly owing to the economy of the ad- 
ministrators, who have hitherto endeavored rather to 
enrich the city than to embellish it, and render it more 
convenient. The senate is, at present, composed of 
young men, who promise to take care of these articles. 
But, from the ignorance, apathy, and antiquated ideas, 
which prevail in this city, it is much to be apprehended, 
lest the results of their exertions should prove but very 
trifling for a long time to come. I almost incline to 
think, that young people here are old born. 

A bank, which was instituted here four years ago, pro* 
motes the trade of Albany; it consists of six hundred 
shares of four hundred dollars each, only half of which 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 231 

have hitherto been paid. The yearly dividend is nine 
per cent, besides what is deducted for the expence of the 
building in which the bank is kept. 

There is in Albany a Dutch Lutheran church of a 
Gothic and very peculiar construction; the Episcopa- 
lians, Presbyterians, German Protestants, and Methodists, 
possess also churches in this town. 

The price of land, in the vicinity of Albany, is from 
sixty-three to seventy-five dollars per acre. Some lands 
near the river are still dearer. These are remarkably 
good ; but those which are situated more backwards are 
bat of a middling quality. Agriculture is not attended 
to with peculiar care ; the farms lie half in grass and half 
in corn. No country had ever stronger incitements to 
perfect its agriculture and industry ; for none was ever 
furnished with outlets more safe and less expensive. 

Some manufactories have been established at a small 
distance from the town, among which is a glass house, in 
which both window glass and bottles are made. The 
former is pretty smooth, and the manufactory is carried 
on with much activity. Mr. CALDHOWELL possesses also 
near the town extensive works, where tobacco, mustard, 
starch, and cocoa mills, are turned by water, and even 
every accessory labour is performed by the aid of 
water machinery.* The tobacco-mill is the most import- 
ant part of these works; about one hundred and fifty 
thousand pounds are yearly manufactured. Last sum- 
mer (July 1794) a complete set of similar works having 
been consumed by fire, Mr. Caldwell's friends immediately 
opened a loan of twenty thousand pounds at the bank, 
and the legislative body of New York resolved also last 
session to assist him with a sum of the same amount. I 
am to add in honour of Mr. Caldwell, with wham I am 
not acquainted, that nearly all the labouring people in 
the city, in consequence of this unfortunate accident, 

* These valuable works, which are decidedly superior to any of 
the kind in America, are situated one mile north of the city, in the 
suburbs. The ingenious proprietor, whose true name is JAMES 
CALDWELL, has obtained a patent for the invention of the water ma- 
chinery, which is truly admirable. Translator. 



232 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

subscribed several days' labour, as a voluntary contribu- 
tion to the reconstruction of these works, which are 
truly grand and beautiful. They give employment and 
subsistence to fifty persons, some of whom receive one 
hundred dollars a year; children, nine years old, can 
earn from six shillings to one dollar a week. Tan-yards, 
corn, oil, paper, and fulling-mills, have also been erected 
in the surrounding country; and labourers are found in 
abundance. The wages of common day-labourers amount 
to four shillings and six-pence a day, and to seven shil- 
lings in harvest. 

Hospitality to strangers seems not to be a prominent 
feature in the character of the inhabitants of Albany; 
the few, with whom we got acquainted, looked extremely 
dull and melancholy. They live retired in their houses 
with their wives, who sometimes are pretty, but rather 
aukward in their manners ; and with whom their hus- 
bands scarcely exchange thirty words a day, although 
they never address them but with the introductory ap- 
pellation of " my love." Exceptions, undoubtedly, exist 
in regard to the charms of the ladies, as well as to the 
conduct and conversation of the husbands ; but, it is as- 
serted, they are very few. 

The Schuylers and Rensselaers are the most respect- 
able families in point of wealth and interest ; having in- 
termarried with each other, their influence is altogether 
irresistible in the county. The Schuylers are endowed 
with more talents and knowledge; but the Rensselaers 
possess more riches ; and money is a powerful spring in 
the management of a state. General Schuyler bears the 
character of a man of much acuteness, and uncommon 
abilities. He is frequently employed in state affairs ; and 
it is his aarnest wish, to promote and raise the navigation, 
industry, and prosperity of his country. He is father-in- 
law to the celebrated Mr. Hamilton. General Schuyler, 
who generally accommodates his daughters with rich 
husbands, gave one of them in marriage, five years ago, 
to that famous orator, from respect for his talents, though 
he was poor. I should not omit observing, that I speak 
of General Schyuler without having ever seen him. 



Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 233 

During my residence in Albany he had gone to assist at 
the negociation with the Indians ; I merely know him 
from his correspondence with me, which is highly polite 
and elegant. The General ranks among the most con- 
siderable men in the United States. 

I have seen JOHN SCHUYLER, the eldest son of the 
General ; for a few minutes I had already conversed with 
him at Skenectady, and was now with him at Saratoga. 
The journey to this place was extremely painful, on ac- 
count of the scorching heat, but Saratoga is a township 
of too great importance to be passed by unobserved. 

On my journey to Saratoga I had passed the new 
bridge, constructed across the Mohawk River. This bridge 
is erected on the spot where the Cohoez Falls appear to 
the greatest advantage.* But the river' contains not at 
present sufficient water to support the falls. In many 
places the rocks are quite dry; but in others they 
afford a fine prospect. The perpendicular height of the 
falls may amount to about fifty feet, and the river is about 
an eighth of a mile in width. But upon the whole, the 
view is not strikingly wild, romantic, or pleasant, though 
the falls are much celebrated throughout America. The 
bridge is constructed of timber, and rests on stone pil- 
lars, about twenty-five or thirty feet distant from each 
other. The masonry is not remarkable for solidity or 
neatness ; but the carpenters'-work is exceedingly well 
done.f 

On my return from Saratoga I crossed the northern 
branch of the Mohawk River by Halfmoon, to see the two 
new towns, New City and Troy, which, as has already 
been observed, were built a few years ago, and arc already 
carrying on a considerable trade. The houses are very 
neat and numerous ; almost every house contains a shop ; 

* The Cohoez Falls, which the author misnames Xohos fall, appear 
most romantically from Lansinburgh Hill, five miles east of them, 
although they likewise offer a good prospect, when viewed from this 
bridge. Translator. 

f The bridge is eleven hundred feet along, twenty-four feet wide, 
rests on thirteen piers, and was erected in 1794, at the expense of 
twelve thousand dollars. Translator. 



234 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

the inns are excellent ; vessels are moored near all the 
keys; tan-yards, potash- works, rope-walks, and mills, 
are either already in full work, or building. The sight of 
this activity is truly charming. A Mr. TAYLOR, who 
possesses about one hundred acres nearPonstenkil Creek, 
has erected here two gristmills, two saw mills, and one pa- 
per-mill. He does business, it is said, with New York by 
water. The place is finely situated, well distributed, and 
may, if managed with skill and prudence, become very 
profitable. We are told, that the proprietor intends to 
sell it ; and this is one of the places which I would buy 
in preference to all others, if I had any idea of settling 
in America, and had wherewithal to pay for it. There 
are a variety of things, with which a man may occupy 
himself every day, nay every moment of the day, with 
benefit to himself and the country at large. 

The land between Saratoga and Albany is upon the 
whole sandy; especially the hills about Saratoga consist 
of an indurated sand. The stoney matter, on which lies 
the stratum of sand, is slate of a dark colour, and coarse . 
grain, with veins of white quartz. On fragments of this 
slate impressions are found of a peculiar and very curious 
appearance. In the vicinity of the medicinal springs of 
Balltown and Saratoga are several veins of lime-stone. 
Ferruginous and cupreous pyrites are also found in the 
neighbourhood; mines of these minerals, it is asserted, 
exist in the environs, but they are yet neglected, as in 
fact are nearly all the mines in the United States. You 
meet with few or no rocks, jmtil you reach the Cohoez 
Falls. The rocks, which form this cataract, consist of an 
argillaceous schistus, some of which may easily be re- 
duced to powder, while other parts are harder, have a con- 
choidal fracture, and resemble basalt. Near the falls are 
several veins of feldtspar of a reddish colour. 

Between these falls and Albany, the soil of the moun- 
tains consist of indurated clay; the stones, which are 
found there, are a species of slate. In the intervening 
space between the mountains and the present bed of the 
river was an uninterrupted chain of small sand-hills, 
rising on both sides of the river, nearly at equal distances 



Rochefoucault- Liancourt in Albany, 1795 235 

from the shore, and which undoubtedly arethe remains of 
the ancient bed of the river, after it had formed the pre- 
sent channel. 

Potash forming a considerable branch of the trade of 
Albany, as well as of other American cities, the back 
country of which has been lately cleared, I shall here 
insert such information as I have collected on the manner 
of preparing this salt, which is generally observed in the 
United States. This alcaline salt is extracted from com- 
mon ashes after they have been previously purified from 
all heterogeneous matter, It is obtained by solution and 
evaporation. Large tubs, with a double bottom, are 
filled with ashes; the uppermost bottom, which contains 
several holes, is covered with ashes, about ten or eleven 
inches deep, while the under part of the tub is filled with 
straw or hay. Water, being poured over the ashes, ex- 
tracts the particles of salt, and discharges all the hetero- 
geneous matter which it may yet contain on the layer of 
hay or straw. The lie is drawn off by means of a cock, 
and if it should not yet have attained a sufficient degree 
of strength, poured again over the ashes. The lie is 
deemed sufficiently strong when an egg swims on it. 
This lie is afterwards boiled in large cauldrons, which are 
constantly filled out of other cauldrons, in which lie is 
likewise boiling. If the lie begin to thicken in the caul- 
dron, no fresh lie is added, but the fire is well fed with 
fuel, until all the aqueous particles are separated, and the 
whole is completely inspissated and endurated. This salt 
is of a black colour, and called black potash. Some man- 
ufacturers leave the potash in this state in the cauldron, 
and encrease the fire, by means of which the oil is dis- 
engaged from the salt in a thick smoke, and the black 
potash assumes a grey colour, in which state it is packed 
up in barrels for sale. 

The process of preparing the potash requires more or 
less time, according to the quality of the ashes and the 
lie, and to the degree of strength of the latter; the me- 
dium time is twenty-four hours. The ashes of green- 
wood, and especially of oak, are preferred. No potash can 
22 



236 Rochefoitcautt-Liancourt in Albany, 1796. 

be prepared from the ashes of resinous trees ; and ashes 
which are five or six months old, are Jbetter than those 
that are new. 

Some manufacturers use only one cauldron for boiling, 
which they fill with cold lie, as it conies from the tubs; 
and others put the salt, as soon as it begins to coagulate, 
into smaller cauldrons, to complete the crystallization. 

In many parts of the State of New York, especially in 
the North, and in the vicinity of Albany, the inhabitants, 
who fell the wood, prepare the potash. But there are 
also large manufactories, where from thirty to forty tiibs 
are used for preparing the lie, aud from ten to twelve 
cauldrons for its evaporation. The manufacturers buy 
the ashes from private families. The tubs and cauldrons 
are of different sizes in proportion to the greater or less 
extent of the manufactory. By a general estimate, from 
five to six hundred bushels of ashes yield a ton of potash. 

The barrels, in which the potash is packed up, must be 
made of white oak, or if this cannot be had, of wood 
which is but little porous. The staves ought to be far 
more durable than for casks, in which other dry goods are 
packed ; the hoops also must be more numerous ; for the 
least fissure would expose the potash to humidity, to the air, 
and, consequently, to deliquescence and dissolution. In- 
stances have occurred, when barrels, badly made and 
hooped, and which had been filled with potash, were soon 
after found to be half empty. 

Pearlash is potash purified by calcination. To this 
end the potash is put into a kiln, constructed in an oval 
form, of plaster of Paris; the inside of which being made 
otherwise perfectly close, is horizontally intersected by 
an iron gate, on which the potash is placed. Under this 
grate a fire is made, and the heat, reverberated by the 
arched upper part of the kiln compleats the calcination, 
and converts the potash into pearlash; which is taken 
out of the kiln, and, when completely cooled, packed in 
barrels, The process of calcination lasts about an hour. 
Pearlash is proportionately more heavy than potash, on 
account of its great compactness, and the loss of weight, 
experienced by the latter through the calcination, is very 



Rochefoucault Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 238 

trifling. Although pearlash is less liable to deliquate by 
the air than potash, yet the barrels, in which it is packed, 
are of the same sort and structure as those in which the 
latter salt is barrelled. They are of different sizes, and 
contain from two to three hundred pounds. Potash as 
well as pearlash are sold by tons in the course of trade; 
and it is not lawful to export either before it is duly in- 
spected by the public searchers, who are appointed for 
this purpose in all the states, where pearl or potash is 
manufactured. Dupetitthouar's strength having been 
considerably impaired by his illness, he thought it pru- 
dent to return home. I will proceed to Boston, where I 
expeet to find letters from Europe, which I must desire 
to see. For these last three months I have not heard a 
word from any of my friends or relations. 

I was by no means displeased at leaving Albany. 
Young Mr. Rensselaer and Mr. Henry are the only gen- 
tlemen from whom I experienced any civilities. The 
Albanians, to speak generally, are a set of people re- 
markable neither for activity nor politeness ; they are the 
most disagreeable beings, I have hitherto met with, in the 
United States. In every other respect Albany is a place 
where, with a small capital, you may make money, 
and with a large capital acquire great wealth. The 
trade of this place suits any amount of property, and 
is attended with less risk than any other species of 
commerce carried on in this part of the globe. An 
industrious and enterprising man might improve the 
trade of this place to a very considerable degree. 

We experienced here this day, Friday the 7th of Au- 
gust, an uncommon heat. My thermometer stood at 
ninety-six degrees of Fahrenheit, or twenty-eight four- 
ninths of Reaumur. We were told, that the thermometer 
of Mr. Lewis, who is esteemed here a very accurate me- 
teorologist, stood at one hundred degrees of Fahrenheit 
or thirty two-ninths of Reaumur. This excessive heat 
continued several days, and was not the least allayed in 
the night. 

My horse, which was to be sent after me by Captain 
Williamson, was not yet arrived. I took, therefore, a 



238 Rochefoucault-Liancourt in Albany, 1795. 

seat in the stage waggon, that is, a waggon without 
springs, but covered. You cross Hudson's River, on 
leaving Albany. The road to Lebanon, where we stopped 
for the night, lies over a mountainous country. Nearly 
the whole of the district is in the first stage of settle- 
ment. All the land, within an extent of twenty-five miles 
belongs to Mr. VanRensselaer, Lieutenant-governor, and 
one of the richest proprietors in the State of New York, 
perhaps in all the States of the Union. Much of this 
land was granted to his ancestors by letters-patent, at 
the time when the Dutch settlement was formed. He has 
also purchased much more. A considerable part of this 
estate has been sold; but he sells none without reserving 
a ground-rent. This forms, no doubt, a very pleasant 
sort of income ; but which, in my opinion, cannot be of 
long duration in this country. A man, who is obliged to 
pay every year a ground-rent, soon forgets the moderate 
terms on which he obtained possession of his estate, feels 
only the unpleasant compulsion of paying money at a 
fixed time, and eagerly seizes upon the first opportunity of 
freeing himself from this incumbrance. 

The last place, before you reach Lebanon, is Stephen- 
town, situated on a fine large creek. It belongs to the 
Patron ; this the general appellation of Mr. Rensselaer, 
at Albany, as well as in its environs. The face of the 
country is sad and melancholy; it is mountainous and 
rocky, and bears no trees but hemlock-fir and white pine. 
On the road from Stephentown to Lebanon, the country 
expands into an amphitheatre, formed by numerous 
mountains of various size and shape, most of which lie 
in grass up to the very summits. At the end of a very 
circuitous journey through this vale you reach the inn of 
Mr. STOW. 

Lebanon possesses a mineral spring, close to which 
stands the inn of Mr. Stow, on the declivity of a moun- 
tain; most of the invalides, who drink the waters, board 
therefore at the inn. From this point, the prospoct of 
the vale, or rather of the low grounds, is most pleasing. 
A number of small houses, scattered over the fields, and 
several villages, enhance the charms of this delightful 



A Stage Coach of the last Century. 239 

view, which, on my arrival at the inn, I was too indis- 
posed to enjoy. I was obliged to creep into my bed, 
although it was scarcely five o'clock, to sustain my fit of 
the ague, to take an emetic, and to renounce whatever re- 
markable objects this place itself, or its vicinity, may 
contain. 



A STAGE COACH OF THE LAST CENTURY. 




The Western Mail Stages from Albany to White.toicn and 

Cooperstown. 

fTlHE Mail leaves Albany every Monday and Thursday, 
JL at two o'clock afternoon; arrives at Schenectady the 
same evening; and the following at Canajohary, and ex- 
changes passengers and mail with the Whitestown and 
Cooperstown Stages, and returns next morning to Albany. 

The Whitestown Stage starts from Whitestown every 
Monday and Thursday at two o'clock, P. M., arrives at 
Canajohary next evening; returns next morning. 

The Cooperstown Stage leaves Cooperstown every 
Tuesday; arrives at Canajohary the same evening; ex- 
changes passengers with the Albany and Whitestown 
Stages, and returns the following day. 

NOTE. The Fare from Schenectady to Canajohary is 
14s., returning 12s., averaging only 4d. a mile. The 
Whitestown Stage Fare is at the same average price. 

TICKETS, ensuring any number of seats in the Stage to 
Canajoharie, &c., may be had at Mrs. Hudson's Inn, if 
applied for the evening before the Stage starts. 



( 240 ) 

THE 

BUKNING OF SCHENECTADY. 

1690. 

[The following papers relating to the invasion of New 
York and the burning of Schenectady by the French, are 
copied from the first and second volumes of the Docu- 
mentary History of the State of New York, compiled by 
Dr. E. B. O'Callaghan from the documents found in the 
office of the Secretary of State, and the records of the 
city of Albany in the City Hall ; forming a very complete 
history of that memorable incursion, which was designed 
to destroy Albany.] 

PROJECT OP THE CHEVALIER DE CALL1ERES, 

Governor of Montreal and commanding by commission the troops and 
militia of Canada, regarding the present state of affairs in that 
country, January, 1689. [Paris Doc. IV.] 

As the recent Revolution in England will change the 
face of American affairs it becomes necessary to adopt 
entirely new measures to secure Canada against the great 
dangers with which it is threatened. 

Chevalier Andros, now Governor General of New 
England and New York, having already declared in his 
letters to M. do Denonville that he took all the Iroquois 
under his protection as subjects of the Crown of Eng- 
land and having prevented them returning to M. de De- 
nonville to make peace with us, there is no longer reason 
to hope for its conclusion through the English nor for 
the alienation of the Iroquois from the close union which 
exists with those in consequence of the great advantages 
they derive from thence, the like to which we cannot 
offer for divers reasons. 

Chevalier Andros is a protestant as well as the whole 
English colony so that there is no reason to hope that he 
will remain faithful to the King of England [James II.] 
and we must expect that he will not only urge the Iroquois 



Burning of Schenectady. 241 

to continue the war against us but that he will even add 
Englishmen to them to lead them and seize the posts of 
Niagara, Michilimakinak and others proper to render him 
master of all the Indians our allies, according to the pro- 
ject they have long since formed, and which they began 
to execute when we declared war against the Iroquois 
and when we captured 70 Englishmen who were going to 
take possession of Michilimakinak, one of the most import- 
ant posts of Canada ; our entrepot for the Fur Trade and 
the residence of the Superior of the Rev. Jesuit Fathers, 
Missionaries among our Savages, and which belongs, in- 
contestibly, to us. 

It is to be expected, then, that' they are about to endea- 
vor to invest all Canada and raise all the Savages against 
us, in order to deprive us wholly of every sort of Trade 
and draw it all to themselves by means of the cheap bar- 
gains of merchandize they can give them, nearly a half 
less than our Frenchmen can afford theirs, for reasons 
which will be, elsewhere, explained, and thus become 
masters of all the peltries ; a trade which sustains Cana- 
da and constitutes one of the chief benefits that France 
derives from that Colony. 

No sooner will the English have ruined our trade with 
the Savages than uniting with them they will be in a 
position ^to fall on us, burn and sack our settlements, 
scattered along the River St. Lawrence to Quebec, with- 
out our being able to prevent them, having no fortress 
capable of arresting them. 

Things being thus disposed, the only means to avoid 
this misfortune is to anticipate it by the expedition which 
will be hereafter explained and which I offer to execute 
forthwith, if it please His Majesty to confide its direction 
to me on account of the particular knowledge I have ac- 
quired of the affairs of that country during five years 
that I had the honour to serve His Majesty and to com- 
mand his troops and military there, after twenty years 
service in the army. 

The plan is, to go straight to Orange (Albany) the 
most advanced town of New- York, one hundred leagues 
from Montreal , which I would undertake to carry, and to 



242 Burning of Schenectady. 

proceed thence to seize Manathe, the capital of that Colo- 
ny situated on the seaside; on condition of being fur- 
nished with supplies necessary for the success of the 
expedition. 

I demand for that only the troops at present main- 
tained by His Majesty in Canada if it be pleasing to him 
to fill them up by a reinforcement of soldiers which they 
require in consequence of sickness that has produced the 
deaths of many among them. 

These troops number 35 companies which at 50 men 
each ought to give 1750. Yet at the review made when 
I left, there were found only about 1300, so that 450 sol- 
diers are still required to complete them ; thus it would 
be necessary that His Majesty should please to order the 
levy of at least 400 men, and to have them enlisted as 
quick as possible in order that they may be embarked in 
the first vessels. 

The use I propose to make of these 1700 men is to 
take " the pick " (I' elite) of them to the number of 1400 
and to adjoin to them the elite of the Militia to the num- 
ber of 600, so as to carry these 2000 men necessary on 
this expedition ; leaving the 300 remaining soldiers to 
guard the principal outposts at the head of our Colony 
in order to prevent the Iroquois seizing and burning them 
whilst we should be in the field. 

I propose embarking these 2000 men, with the sup- 
plies necessary for their subsistence in a sufficient number 
of canoes and flat Batteaux which we already employed 
in the two last Campaigns against the Iroquois. 

My design is, to lead them by the Richelieu River into 
Lake Champlain as far as a Carrying Place which is 
within three leagues of the Albany River that runs to 
Orange.* I shall conceal this expedition, which must be 
kept very secret, by saying that the King has commanded 
me to proceed at the head of His troops and Militia to 
the Iroquois Country to dictate Peace to them on the con- 
ditions it has pleased His Majesty to grant them without 
the interference of the English, inasmuch as the Iroquois 

* This " Carrying Place " or ponare is now traversed by that section of th 
Champlain Canal extending from Fort Anne to Sandy Hill. 



Burning of Schenectady. 243 

are bis true subjects ; without letting any one know our 
intention of attacking the English until we have arrived 
at the point whence I shall send to tell the Iroquois, by 
some of their Nation, that I am not come to wage war 
against them but only to reduce the English, who have 
caused our division, and to re-establish the good friend- 
ship that formerly existed between us ; therefore they 
had better avoid coming to their aidif they wish not to be 
treated with the greatest rigor, the said English being 
unable to protect them from the force I lead against 
them, and that I shall turn against the said Iroquois, if 
they dare assist them. 

As the Batteaux cannot proceed further than the Car- 
rying Place, my intention is to erect there a small log 
fort (u-n petit fort de pieux terrasses) which I shall have 
built in three days, and to leave 200 men in it to guard 
the Batteaux; thence march direct to Orange, embarking 
our supplies on the River in canoes which we shall bring 
and which can be convoyed by land, we marching with 
the troops along the river as an escort. 

I calculate to seize in passing some English Villages 
and Settlemnts where I shall find provisions and other 
conveniences for attacking the town of Orange. 

That town is about as large as Montreal, surrouuded 
by picquets at one end of which is an Earthen Fort de- 
fended by palisades and consisting of four small bastions. 
There is a garrison of 150 men of three companies in the 
fort and some pieces of Cannon. Said town of Orange 
may contain about 150 houses and 300 inhabitants capa- 
ble of bearing arms, the majority of whom are Dutch and 
some French Refugees with some English. 

After having invested the Town and summoned it to 
surrender with promise not to pillage if it capitulate, I 
propose in case of resistance to cut or burn the palisades, 
in order to afford an opening, and enter there sword in 
hand and sfeze the fort. These being only about 14 feet 
high can be easily escaladed by means of the conveniences 
we shall find, when Masters of the town, or by blowing 
in the gate with a few petards or two small field pieces 
which may be of use to me and I shall find means of con- 



Burning of Schenectady. 

veying there, if his Ma'y will please to have them fur- 
nished at La Rochelle to take with me, and some gren- 
ades and other munitions, a list of which I shall hand in 
separately, and which will be deducted from the funds 
His Majesty destines for Canada so as not to increase the 
expenditure of preceding years. 

After I shall have become Master of the town and fort 
of Orange, which I expect to achieve before the English 
can afford it any succor, my intention is to leave a garri- 
son of 200 men in the fort with sufficient supplies which 
I shall find in the City, and to disarm all the Inhabitants, 
granting at His Majesty's pleasure pardon to the French 
deserters and inhabitants I shall find there, so as to oblige 
them to follow me. 

I shall seize all the barks, batteaux and canoes that 
are at Orange, to embark my force on the river which is 
navigable down to Manathe, and I shall embark with the 
troops the necessary provisions and ammunition, and 
some pieces of Cannon, to be taken from Fort Orange to 
serve in the attack on Manathe (New York). 

This place consists of a town composed of about 200 
houses and can put about 400 inhabitants under arms. 
They are divided into four Companies of Infantry of 50 
men each, and three companies of Cavalry of the same 
number, the horses being very common in that country. 
This town is not enclosed, being situated on a Peninsula 
at the mouth of the river that falls into a Bay forming a 
fine harbour. It is defended by a Fort faced with stono 
having four Bastions with several pieces of cannon, com- 
manding the Port on one side and the town on the other. 

I contemplate first carrying the town by assault, it 
being all open, and making use of the houses nearest the 
Fort to approach the latter; forming a battery of the 
Cannon I shall have brought from Orange and of that I 
may find in the stores of the town, where the vessels 
arm and disarm. 

It is necessary for the success of this Expedition that 
H. M. give orders to two of the ships of War destined 
this year to escort the merchantmen who go to Canada 
and Acadie or the fishermen who go for Cod to the Great 



Burning of Schenectady. 245 

Bank, to come after having convoyed the merchants, 
towards the end of August, into the Gulf of Manathe and 
cruize there during the month of September, as well to 
prevent succor from Europe which may arrive from 
England or Boston, as to enter the port when I on my 
arrival shall give the signal agreed upon, so as to aid us 
in capturing the Fort which they may cannonade from 
aboard their ships whilst I attack it on land. They can 
in case of necessity even land some marines (to replace 
the 400 men I shall have left on the road guarding 
Orange and the Batteaux); also some pieces of Cannon 
if we require them. They might reimbark and return 
to France in the month of October after capture of the 
Fort and carry the intelligence thereof. 

After we should have become masters of the town and 
fort of Manathe I shall cause the Inhabitants to be dis- 
armed and send my Canadians back by the Albany river 
to Orange on their way to their batteaux and on their re- 
turn home. I should winter at Manathe with all the 
troops I would have brought with me except the 200 sol- 
diers left to guard Orange; and as I shall have nothing to 
fear from the land side, being master of the rivers, I would 
work through the winter to strengthen myself against at- 
tacks of the English whilst waiting until H. M. should be 
pleased to send what may be necessary to secure this im- 
portant conquest. 

It would render H. M. absolute Master of the whole 
of Iroquois who derive from this Colony all the arms and 
ammunition with which they make war on us. This will 
afford the means to disarm them whenever considered 
necessary, and thereby impose on them such laws as H. 
M. may please ; the town of Boston the capital of New 
England being too far from them to afford any aid. 

Having mastered the Iroquois we shall have equal con- 
trol of all the other Savages who will come without hesi- 
tation and bring us all their peltries. This will cause the 
trade of our Colony to flourish ; will considerably aug- 
ment H. M.'s revenues and eventually diminish the ex- 
penses he is obliged to incur for the preservation of 
Canada. 



246 Burning of Schenectady. 

It will firmly establish the Christian Religion as well 
among the Iroquois as among the other Savages to whom 
we shall be able to speak as Masters when they are 
encircled on the side of Canada as well as of New York. 

It will secure and facilitate the Cod fishery which is 
carried on along our Coasts of La Cadie and on the 
Great Bank. It will give H. M. one of the finest har- 
bours in America which can be entered during almost all 
seasons of the year in less than one month of very easy 
navigation; whilst that from France to Quebec cannot be 
prosecuted except in summer on account of the Ice which 
closes the River St. Lawrence, itself long and perilous. 

It may be objected to this plan, that the Colony of 
Orange and Manathe may remain faithful to the King of 
England and in this case it would not be apropos to attack 
it and draw down an open war with that English Colony 
to the prejudice of the Treaty of Neutrality concluded 
between the two nations. 

It may be answered to this, that the Colony of Manathe 
and Orange, being the same as that formerly called New 
Netherland which the English took from the Dutch, and 
the greater part of which is still of this latter nation 
and all protestants, it is not to be doubted but that they 
would receive the orders of the Prince of Orange and 
even force their Governor, did he not consent, to acknow- 
ledge him, and therefore we must look on as certain a war 
between that Colony and us, and not give it the time to 
push its intrigues with the Savages to ruin us by means 
of them, if we do not anticipate them. And in case that, 
contrary to all appearances, they remain faithful to the 
King of England during the general rebellion of the 
English, we might, if H. M. thought proper, being on terms 
with that King, confide to him the secret of this expedi- 
tion, draw from him an order to the Commandant of 
Orange and Manathe to surrender these places into II. 
M.'s hands, who would keep them for him and pre- 
vent the Rebels becoming masters of them, so as to 
have an opportunity to treat them as rebels did they 
not obey that order, being besides this, in a position 
to force them to it, on condition of negotiating eventually 



Burning of Schenectady. 247 

with the King for that Colony, which is the only means 
of securing Canada, firmly establishing Religion, Trade 
and the Kings authority throughout all North America. 
If the favorable opportunity which presents of becoming 
master of that Colony be neglected, it may surely be cal- 
culated that, through its intrigues with the Iroquois and 
other Savages, it will destroy Canada in a little time; 
whose ruin will entail that of the establishment at Hud- 
son's bay, the beaver and other peltry trade ; that of 
Acadia, the local fishery, and that of Newfoundland ; 
and if we be forced to abandon Canada, it will, hereafter, 
in consequence of the frequent chasing of our fishermen 
by English vessels, render very difficult and dangerous 
for H. M.'s subjects the Codfishery on the Great Bank, 
which produces several millions to France, and is one of 
the most profitable investments that M r e have. 



MEMOIR OF INSTRUCTIONS TO COUNT DE FRONTENAC 

Respecting the Expedition against New-York. 7th June, 1689. 
[Paris Doc. IV.} 

The King, having examined the proposition made him 
by Sieur Chevalier de Callieres Bonnevue of Montreal to 
attack New York with his Majesty's troops in Canada and 
a number of the militia of that country, has the more wil- 
lingly assented to it as he knows that the English inhabiting 
that quarter have resolved since the last year to excite the 
Iroquois Nation, His Majesty's subjects, and force them 
to wage war against the French, having furnished them 
for that purpose with arms and ammunition, and endeav- 
oured^in every way, even to the prejudice of the King of 
England's orders and the faith of Treaties, to usurp the 
trade of the French in the country in possession of which 
they have been from all time. 

To accomplish this project His Majesty has given orders 

to Sieur Begon to prepare the munitions necessary for the 

expedition and has caused two of his ships of war to be 

equipped in the port of Rochefort under the command of 

21 



248 Burning of Schenectady. 

Sieur de la Caffiniere whom he has ordered to follow ex- 
actly the directions which said Sieur de Frontenac will 
give him regarding this expedition. 

He will set out with all diligence to embark at Rochelle 
in one of the ships and sail without loss of time for the 
entrance of the gulf of St. Lawrence and Campseaux bay, 
where he will embark in the best of the merchantmen that 
will follow and repair to Quebec. 

Therefore on his arrival at Quebec he will take advan- 
tage of the state in which he will find things, to complete 
the suitable arrangements for departing with batteaux, 
canoes and all the equipage necessary for this expedition 
with the Chevalier de Callieres who will command the 
troops under his orders. 

He will despatch by land or water as he shall deem most 
certain, orders and instructions to Sieur de la Caffinere, 
to the place he will have designated, as to what he shall 
have to do, in order to repair to Manathe, he making use 
of the cypher which shall have been furnished him. 

He will order him to sail directly and without under- 
taking any thing along his course, follow the cost of Aca- 
die (where he will leave in passing what he shall have 
for the said coast of Acadie) down to Manathe, and order 
him to anchor as safely as possible and to observe well 
the quarter where he will make his landing when said 
Sieur de Frontenac shall have arrived there. 

He will give orders to the Sieur de la Cafflniere to seize 
the veseels he will find in the bay of the said Manathe, 
without exposing himself to any accident that may render 
him unable to cooperate in that enterprise. 

As it is impossible to fix on a certain rendezvous for the 
arrival of said vessels at Manathe at the same time that 
the Sieur de Frontenac will arrive there with the troops, 
without alarming those at that place, the two vessels of 
war must go right into the bay, more especially as the 
attack on the /rentier post of New York will give warning 
to those of Manathe ; and the vessels thus arriving before 

the land forces, will cause a diversion. 

***** * 

The said Sieur de Frontenac having informed himself 



Burning of Sch.nectady. 249 

of the route he is to take, of which he will make more 
particular enquiries on the spot, as regard the convenience, 
security and expedition of the troops, His Majesty will 
not enter into further detail on this subject, nor on the 
attack on Orange and Manatte nor on any thing that re- 
lates thereto. He will solely recommend him to act as 
much as possible, in such a manner as that those of Orange 
may not be advised of his march, so that he may surprise 
this first post and cut in below Orange to secure the num- 
ber of vessels he may require to descend on Manathe, and 
to place things in such order as not to be uneasy when he 
shall depart for and be established at, the said Manathe. 
For this purpose he ought to leave a confidential officer 
at Orange with such detachment as he will find necessary 
to be left there, with orders to be on his guard and to for- 
tify himself, and to obtain all information possible for the 
success of the expedition against Manathe. He will also 
cause all the inhabitants to be disarmed and their effects 
to be seized, giving them to hope every good treatment 
with which they can flatter themselves until he entertains 
no further apprehensions; then His Majesty desires that 
what is hereinafter prescribed to him, may be executed. 

He wishes particular care to be taken to prevent any 
plunder of provisions, merchandize, amunition, property, 
cattle, utensils and principal household furniture ; and as 
his object must be to place Forts Orange and Manathe in 
a state of defence, and to support the Frenchmen who 
will have remained there, he must not only victual the 
forts for the longest time possible but collect there all he 
can of provisions, and in default of a sufficient quantity of 
magazines in said forts he will lock them up in the towns, 
taking care not to touch those which he should deposit in 
said forts except when obliged. 

His Majesty does not wish any suspected inhabitants be 
left in that Colony. His intention also is that an exact 
Inventory be made in the settlements and plantations by 
Commissiary Gaillard (whom His Majesty wishes him to 
take with him,) of all cattle, grain, merchandize, furniture, 
effects and utensils he may find in each of the said settle- 
ments ; that he select from amonsc the inhabitants of Canada 



250 Burning of Schenectatiy. 

and the officers and soldiers of the troops those who will be 
found qualified to maintain and improve them, and that 
he furnish these with farms in His Majesty's name leav- 
ing them of the provisions that will be found there, as 
much as shall be necessary to support them until they 
have produced some and he will examine one with another, 
those to whom he will think proper to grant said farms, so 
as to distribute the greater number in proportion to their 
skill and strength, observing to associate several in the 
same settlement when he shall deem such necessary. He 
will inform His Majesty of all he shall have done in this 
regard by sending him the enumeration of all that he shall 
have left in each such settlement, and furnish his opinion 
of the Quit rents which they will be in a condition to pay 
him. After having settled on what he shall judge abso- 
lutely necessary to leave to those to whom he will have 
given these farms, he will place in store all the surplus, 
such as grain, whale oil and all sorts of merchandize and 
other principal effects of which also inventories shall be 
made to be equally sent to his Majesty. 

He will examine into the means of distributing said 
property so that from what he will acquire there, his 
Majesty may order, on his advice, the gratuities he shall 
judge fitting to bestow on said militia, the army and navy 
officers, soldiers and sailors who shall have distinguished 
themselves and given individual marks of that satisfaction 
which he expects from their zeal and industry on this oc- 
casion. 

If he find among the inhabitants of New York, whether 
English or Dutch, any Catholics on whose fidelity he 
can rely he may leave them in their habitations 
after making them take the oath of allegiance to His 
Majesty, provided there be not too many of them and they 
do not excite any suspicion, having regard, in that, only 
to what will best promote the preservation and advantage 
of the Colony and its security at the same time as well as 
that of the French. 

He may likewise retain, if he think proper, mechanics 
and other working people necessary to cultivate the land 
and work at fortifications in the capacity of prisoners, 



Burning of Schenectady. 251 

distributing them among the French inhabitants who may 
require them, until matters being in a state of entire secu- 
rity, they may be restored to libert} r . 

The officers and principal inhabitants, from whom ran- 
som can be exacted, must be detained in prison. 

Respecting all other foreigners, men. women and children, 
His Majesty deems it proper that they should be put out 
of the Colony and sent to New England, Pennsylvania and 
to such other quarters as shall be considered expedient, 
either by land or sea, together or in divisions all accord- 
ing as he shall find will best secure their dispersion and 
prevent them, by reunion, affording enemies an opportu- 
nity to get up expeditions against the Colony. 

He will send to France the French Refugees whom he 
will find there, particularly those of the pretended Re- 
formed religion. When he will have captured the fort and 
conquered that Colony he must think particulary of his 
return to Canada to convey thither the Militia and Soldiers 
he shall deem necessary for the King's service, according 
to the disposition in which he shall find things both as 
regards the Iroquois as well on the side of Canada as on 
that of New York, and in proportion to what troops he 
will calculate necessary to be left to guard the forts and 
country. 

And as nothing appears more important., after his expe- 
dition, than to take advantage of the season to return to 
Canada, he must, in case he can not execute all that is 
above contained, confide its execution to Sieur Chevalier 
de CaiKieres, giving him orders conformable and according 
to what he shall consider most fitting the King's service ; 
His Majesty having determined to confer on the said 
Chevalier de Caillieres the Government of New York, and 
of the town and fort of Manathe in particular, under the au- 
thority of His Majesty's Lieutenant General in New France. 

He will select befoi'e leaving, the officers and soldiers 
he will deem proper to leave at New York and put over the 
post the officers best qualified to maintain and fortify them. 

In case he find, after having provided sufficient troops 
for New York and concluded on the number of soldiers 
necessary for His Majesty's service in Canada, that he has 



. 

.-j . $52 Burning of Schenectady. 

^" '' 

a superabundance he can send some to France in the 
King's Ships, and retain thirty-five to forty men to be sent 
eventually to Acadia. 

His Majesty is very glad to observe to him on this head, 
that he must regulate himself, as regards the number of 
men he will leave in New York, by the means of subsistance 
there and the necessity of guarding the country ; and he 
will also consider that his return to Canada will be more 
convenient for those he will have to convey, back there, 
when they will not be more numerous. 

In case, contrary to all appearance, the season be too 
far advanced to admit bis return to Canada during the 
remainder of the Fall, he will give advice of his expedition 
and sojourn there until the Spring, and he will employ 
himself during the winter in securing his conquests and 
waging war on the enemy. 

However that be, he ought if he be obliged to remain, 
either personally or through Chevalier de Caillieres, if that 
be convenient, profit by circumstances -to conclude a solid 
and advantageous peace with the Iroquois, whom he will, 
doubtless find disposed to sue for it, being deprived of aid 
from and communication with the English. 

In order to deprive the English of the facility of under- 
taking land expeditions against New York from New 
England, His Majesty desires that the English Settlements 
adjoining Manathe and further off if necessary, be destroy- 
ed; and that the more distant be put under contribution. 

He will send an exact report of all the observations he 
will be able to make regarding the trade of the new inhab- 
itants of New York, the security of the navigation thence to 
France, the communication with Canada,so that His Majes- 
ty may give him on those points the necessary orders to de- 
rive from that conquest all the advantages to be expected 
from it. But should this expedition contrary to all appear- 
ances and for reasons which His Majesty can not forsee, not 
be executed, he will convey his orders to the said Sieur de 
la Caffiniere to make war against the English, and to range 
along the Coast of New England and New York to capture 
there as many prizes as possible, and to remain there un- 
til he have no more provisions than are necessary for his 
return to France. 



Burning of Schenectady. 

AN ACCOUNT 




y^ 

s in Canada from the depirfuj-e 1>L - / ' 
November, 1689, to the month of' * *' 



Of the most remarkable occurrences 

the vessels, from the month of November, 

November, 1690. By Mons. de Monseignat, Comptioller General 

of the Marine in Canada. [Paris Doc. 17.} 

[EXTRACT.] The orders received by M. le Comte (de 
Frontenac) to commence hostilities against New England 
and New York, which had declared for the Prince of 
Orange, afforded him considerable pleasure, and were 
very necessary for the country. He allowed no more 
time to elapse before carrying them into execution than 
was required to send off some despatches to France im- 
mediately afcer which he determined to organize three 
different detachments, to attack those rebels at all points 
at the same moment, and to punish them at various places 
for having afforded protection to our enemies, the Mohawks. 
The first party was to rendezvous at Montreal, and pro- 
ceed towards Orange ; the second at three Rivers, and to 
make a descent on New York v at some place between 
Boston and Orange ;* and the third was!! to depart from 
Quebec, and gain the seaboard between Boston and Peuta- 
gouet, verging towards Acadia. They all succeeded per- 
fectly well, and I shall communicate to you the details. 
********* 

The detachment which formed at Montreal, may have 
been composed of about two hundred and ten men. namely : 
eighty savages from the Sault and from La Montagne; 
sixteen Algonquins; and the remainder Frenchmen all 
under the command of the Sieur Le Moyne de Sainte 
Helene, and Lieutenant Daillebout de Mantet, both of 
whom are Canadians. The Sieurs le Moyne d' Iberville 
and Repentigny de Montesson commanded under these. 
The best qualified Frenchmen were, the Sieurs de Boure- 
pos, and de La Brosse, Calvinist officers, the Sieur la Moyne 
de Blainvill, Le Bert du Chene, and la Marque de Mon- 
tigny, who all served as volunteers. They took their de- 
parture from Montreal at the commencement of February. 

After having marched for the course of five or six days, 

* This detachment entered New Hampshire where they burned a 
place called Salmon Falls. 



254 Burning of Schenectady. 

they called a council to determine the route they should 
follow, and the point they should attack. 

The Indians demanded of the French what was their 
intention. Messieurs de Sainte Helene and Mantet replied 
that they had left in the hope of attacking Orange if pos- 
sible, as it is the Capital of New York and a place of con- 
siderable importance, though they had no orders to that 
effect, but generally to act according as they should judge 
on the spot of their chances of success, without running 
too much risk. This appeared to the savages somewhat 
rash. They represented the difficulties and the weakness 
of the party for so bold an undertaking. There was even 
one among them who, his mind filled with the recollections 
of the disasters which he had witnessed last year, en- 
quired of our Frenchmen, "since when had they become 
so desperate?" In reply to their raillery, 'twas answered 
that it was our infe it ion, now, to regain the honor of 
which our misfortunes had deprived us, and the sole 
means to accomplish that was to carry Orange, or to 
perish in so glorious an enterprise. 

As the Indians, who had an intimate acquaintance with 
the localities, and n o - e experienced than the French, 
could not be brought to agree with the latter, it was de- 
termined to postpone coming to a conclusion until the 
party should arrive at the spot where the two routes 
separate the one leading to Orange, and the other to 
Corlear (Schenectady). In the course of the journey, 
which occupied eight days, the Frenchmen judged proper 
to diverge towards Corlear, according to the advice of the 
Indians; and this road was taken without calling a new 
council. Nine days more elapsed before they arrived, 
having experienced inconceivable difficulties, and having 
been obliged to march up to their knees in water, and to 
break the ice with their feet in order to find a solid footing. 

They arrived within two leagues of Corlear about four 
o'clock in the evening, and were harrangued by the great 
Mohawk chief of the Iroquois from the Sault. He urged 
on all to perform their duty, and to lose all recollections 
of their fatigue, in the hope of taking ample revenge for 



Burning of Schenectady. 255 

the injuries they had received from the Iroquois at the 
solicitation of the English, and of washing them out in the 
blood of the traitors. This savage was without contra- 
diction the most considerable of his tribe an honest man 
as full of spirit, prudence and generosity as it was possible, 
and capable at the same time of the grandest undertakings. 
Shortly after four Squaws were discovered in a wigwam 
who gave every information necessary for the attack on 
the town. The fire found in their hut served to warm 
those who were benumbed, and they continued their route 
having previously detached Giguieres, a Canadian, with 
nine Indians, on the look out. They discovered no one, 
and returned to join the main body within one league of 
Corlear. 

At eleven of the clock that night, they came within 
sight of the town, resolved to defer the assault until two 
o'clock of the morning. But the excessive cold admitted 
of no further delay. 

The town of Corlear forms a sortof oblong with only 
two gates one opposite the road we had taken; the other 
leading to Orange, which is only six leagues distant. 
Messieurs de Sainte Helene and de Mantet were to enter 
at the first which the squaws pointed out, and which in 
fact was found wide open. Messieurs d'Iberville and de 
Montesson took the left with another detachment, in order 
to make themselves masters of that leading to Orange. 
But they could not discover it, and returned to join the 
remainder of the party. A profound silence was every 
where observed, until the two commanders, who separated, 
at their entrance into the town for the purpose of encircling 
it, had met at the other extremity. 

The signal of attack was given Indian fashion, and the 
entire force rushed on simultaneously. M. de Mantet 
placed himself at the head of a detachment, and reached a 
small fort where the garrison was under arms. The gate 
was burst in after a good deal of difficulty, the whole set 
on fire, and all who defended the place slaughtered. 

The sack of the town began a moment before the attack 
on the fort. Few houses made any resistance. M. de 
Montigny discovered some which he attempted to carry 



256 Burning of Schenectady. 

sword in hand, having tried the musket in vain. He 
received two thrusts of a spear one in the body and the 
other in the arm. But M. de Sainte Helene having come 
to his aid. effected an entrance, and put every one who 
defended the place to the sword. The Massacre lasted 
two hours. The remainder of the night was spent in pla- 
cing sentinels, and in taking some repose. 

The house belonging to the Minister was ordered to be 
saved, so as to take him alive to obtain information from 
him ; but as it was not known it was not spared any more 
than the others. He was slain and his papers burnt before 
he could be recognized. 

At daybreak some men were sent to the dwelling of 
Mr. Coudre [Sander], who was Major of the place, and 
who lived at the other side of the river. He was not 
willing to surrender, and began to put himself on the 
defensive with his servants and some Indians ; but as it 
was resolved not to do him any harm, in consequence of 
the good treatment that the French had formerly experi- 
enced at his hands, M. d'Iberville and the great Mohawk 
proceeded thither alone, promised him quarter for himself, 
his people, and his property, whereupon he laid down his 
arms, on parole, entertaining them in his fort, and returned 
with them to see the commandants of the town. 

In order to occupy the savages who would otherwise 
have taken to drink and thus rendered themselves unable 
for defence, the houses had already been set on fire. 
None were spared in the town but one house belonging to 
Coudre, and that of a widow with six children, whither M. 
de Montigny had been carried when wounded. All the 
rest were consumed. The lives of between fifty and sixty 
persons, old men, women and children, were spared, they 
having escaped the first fury of the attack. Some twenty 
Mohawks were also spared, in order to show them that it 
was the English and not they against whom the grudge 
was entertained. The loss on this occasion in houses, 
cattle and grain, amounts to more than four hundred 
thousand livres. There were upwards of eighty well built 
and well furnished houses in the town. 

The return march commenced with thirty prisoners. 



Burning of Schenectady. 257 

The wounded, who were to be carried, and the plunder 
with which all the Indians and some Frenchmen were 
loaded, caused considerable inconvenience. Fifty good 
horses were brought away. Sixteen of these only reached 
Montreal. The remainder were killed for food on the 
road. 

Sixty leagues from Corlear the Indians began to hunt, 
and the French not being able to wait for them, being 
short of provisions, continued their route, having detached 
Messieurs d'Iberville and Du Chesne with two savages be- 
fore them to Montreal. On the same day, some French- 
men, who doubtless were very much fatigued, lost their 
way. Fearful that they should be obliged to keep up with 
the main body, and believing themselves in safety having 
eighty Indians in their rear, they were found missing from 
the camp. They were waited for next day until eleven 
o'clock, but in vain, and no account has since been re- 
ceived of them. 

Two hours after, forty men more left the main body 
without acquainting the commander, continued their route 
by themselves, and arrived within two leagues of Mont- 
real one day ahead, so that there were not more than fifty 
or sixty men together. The evening on which they should 
arrive at Montreal, being extremely fatigued from fasting 
and bad roads, the rear fell away from M. de Sainte He- 
lene, who was in front with an Indian guide, and who 
could not find a place suitable for camping nearer than 
three or four leagues of the spot where he expected 
to halt. He was not rejoined by M. de Mantet and the 
others until far advanced in the night. Seven have not 
been found. Next day on parade, about ten o'clock in 
the forenoon, a soldier arrived who announced that 
they had been attacked by fourteen or fifteen savages] 
and that six had been killed. The party proceeded 
somewhat afflicted at this accident, and arrived at Mont- 
real at 3 o'clock, p. m. 

Such, Madame, is the account of what passed at the 
taking of Corlear. The French lost but twenty-one men, 
namely four Indians and seventeen Frenchmen. Only 
one Indian and one Frenchman were killed at the capture 
of the town. The others were lost on the road. 



258 Burning of Schenectady. 

From Mortgage Book B, in County Clerk's Office. Albany. 

Albany f 9th day of February 16^ 
Die Sabbathi. 

This morning about 5 o'Clock y c alarm was brought 
here by Symon Schermerhoorn who was shott threw his 
Thigh y l y c french and Indians had murthered y e People 
of Skinnechtady ; having got into ye Towne about 1 1 or 
12 a Clock there being no Watch Kept (y e Inhabitants 
being so negligent & Refractory) and y l he had much adoe 
to Escape they being very numerous. They fyred severall 
times at him at last throw his Thigh and wounded his 
horse and was come over Canatagione* to bring y e news. 

The allarm being given all People Repared to there 
Post y fort fyred severall gunns to give y c alarm to y e 
farmers but few heard there being such an Extream Snow 
above Knee Deep Severall y*" People haveing Escaped y e 
Cruelty of y 6 french and there Indians came Running here 
& told us y e Village was a fyre and y 1 they had much adoe 
to Escape for all y e streets were full of french and In- 
dians, & y l many People were murthered and y l y enemy 
were marching hither which news was Continually Con- 
firmed till afternoon Letters were sent forthwith to Sopus 
for y e assistance of a hundred men an Expresse sent to 
Skachkook but by reason of y ? highwater deep snow & 
yse could not Proceed, notice was given to all y c farmers 
of Kinderhook Claverak & l ' a of y sad news, Some horse 
men sent out to Discover y " Enemies force and there march 
but were forced to Return y e snow being so Deep yet 
some were sent out again who got thither, Laurence y e 
Indian with y" Maquase y' were in Town were sent out 
also to Skinnechtady to Dispatch posts to y e Maquase 
Castles for all y" Indians to come doune, but unhappily 
sa d Indians comeing to Skinnechtady were soe much 
amazed to see so many People murthered and Destroyed 
that they omitted y c sending up to y c Maquase Castles 
according to there Engagement, .While y 1 ' Enemy was at 
N. Scotia a man came to Ensign Joh: Sander Glen and 
said he would goe to y*' Maquase Castles and warn y e 

*Xow. Niskayuna. 



Burning of Schenectady. 259 

Maquase to come doune who was ordered to goe in all 
haste but comeing to y e Upper Plantations went for fear 
along with some of y e oy r Inhabitants into y c Woods and 
never went to y e Maquase Castles, this night we gott a 
letter from Skinnectady Informing us y l the Enemy y l had 
done y l Mischieffe there were about one hundred and fifty 
or 200 men but that there were 1400 men in all; One 
army for Albany & anoy r for Sopus which hindred much 
y e marching of any force out of y 6 Citty fearing y l y* 
enemy might watch such an opportunity. 



The IQth day of February. 

Present. P r Schuyler May r D. Wessels Rec r J. Bleeck- 
er, C. Bull, Capt Staets, Aid. Shaick, Aid. Ryckman, 
Joh. Cuyler, Ens. Bennett. 

Resolved y l Capt Jonathan Bull be sent w th 5 men out 
of each Comp>' to Skinnechtady to bury y c dead there & 
if y 6 Indians.be come doune to joyn with them & Pursue 
y 6 Enemy. 



Instructions for Capt Jonathan Bull. 

You are to goe w' h all Convanient speed with . . . 
men to Skinnechtady & there Bury y e dead which are 
Killed by y 6 Enemy and give such succor and Relieffe to 
y e Poor People left alive at Skinnechtady as y u can, and if 
there be any considerable number of friendly Indians at 
Skinnectady y u are w tb all speed to Pursue & follow after 
the french and Indian Enemy them Spoyle and Destroy 
what in y u Lyes and use all means Imaginable to Rescue 
y 6 Prisoners which they have Carried along with them. 

You are to take Especiall Care to have always Spyes 

and Skouts out on both -sides of y e Path where y u March 

y r Men and to be as Carefull as Possible for ambushes of 

y 6 Enemy and to Keep y r men in good order and Discipline. 

23 



260 Burning of Schenectady. 

List of y* People kild and destroyed by y e French of Ca- 

nida and there Indians at Skinnechtady twenty miles to 
y e westward of Albany between Saturday and Sunday 
y 9 tA day of February 16f. 

MjiubrtWemp killd - 1 

Jan van Eps and his Sonne & 2 of his Children kild 4 

a negroe of dito Van Eps 1 

Serj 1 Church of Cap 1 Bulls Comp? - 1 
Barent Jansse Killd and Burnd his Sonne Kild 

And* Arentse Bratt shott and Burnt & also his child" 2 

Mary Viele wife of Dowe Aukes & her 2 children killd 3 

and his Negro Woman Francyn 1 

Mary Aloif Wife of Cornells Viele Jun r Shott - - 1 
S\veer Teunise Shott & burnt his wife kild & ~\ all 

burnt / in 2 

Antje Janz doughter of Jan Spoor kild & burnt C 1 
Item 4 Negroes of y e said Sweer Teunise y r 

same death V one 4 

Enos Talmidge Leift of Capt Bull kild & burnt Chouse 1 
Hend Meese Vrooman & Bartholomeus Vrooman kild 

& burnt - ... 

Item 2 Negroes of Hend Meese y e same death 2 

Gerrit Marcellis and his Wife & childe kild - 3 

Rob 1 Alexander sould r of Capt Bulls Shott - 1 

Rob 1 hesseling shott ... - 1 

Sander y e sonne of gysbert gerritse kild & burnt 1 

Jan Roeloffse de goyer burnt in y e house - 1 

Ralph grant a souldier in y e fort shott - 1 
David Christoffelse & his wife w th 4 Children all burnt 

in there house .... . 6 

Joris Aertse shott and burnt W m Pieterse kild - 1 

Job. : Potman kild his wife kild & her skalp taken off 3 
Dom e Petrus-Tassemaker y" Minister kild & burnt in 

his house ..... 1 

Frans harmense kild ... 1 
Engel the wife of Adam Vroman shot & burnt her 

childe the brains dashed out against y e wall - 

Reynier Schaets and his sonne kild - - 2 

Daniel Andries & George 2 souldiers of Capt Bull - 2 



Burning of Schenectady. 261 

a french girl Prisoner among y 6 Mohogs kild -1 
A Maquase Indian kild - 

Johannes y e sonne of Symon Skermerhoorn - - 1 

3 Negroes of Symon Skermerhoorn ... 3 

In all 60 

Lyst of y 1 persones which y 6 French and there Indians 

have taken prisoners att Skinnectady and carried to 
Canida if 9 th day of February 16. 
Johannes Teller and his negroe ... -2 

John Wemp sonne of Mynd 1 Wemp & 2 negroes - 3 
Symon, Abraham, Philip, Dirck & Groot all 5 sonnes 

of Symon Groot - .... 5 

Jan Baptist sonne of Jan Van Epps - - 1 

Albert & Johannes Vedder sonnes of harme Vedder - 2 

Isaack Cornelise Switts & his Eldest sonne - - 2 

a negroe of Barent Janse 1 

Arnout y e sonne of Arnout Corn: Viele y 6 Interp r - 1 

Stephen y 6 sonne of Gysbert Gerritse 1 

Lawrence sonne of Claes Lawrence Purmurent - 1 

Arnout sonne of Paulyn Janse 1 

Barent y e sonne of Adam Vroman & y e neger 2 

Claes sonne of Frans Harmense ... i 

Stephen adopted sonne of Geertje Bouts - - - 1 

John Webb a souldier Belonging to Capt Bull - 1 

David Burt belonging to y e same Comp* - - - 1 

Joseph Marks of y e same Comp e .... 1 

In all - - 27 

The way how y* bloody French and Indians committed this 
Tragedy was thus. 

After they were gott into y e Toune without being dis- 
covered (no watch or guard being kept, notwithstanding 
severel gent 5 of Albany no longer than 3 days before were 
up there to Perswade y m to it) The french & y e Indians 
faesett each house and after they had murthered y e People 
they burnt all y e houses and barns Cattle &ca Except 5 a 



262 Burning of Schenectady. 

6 : which were saved by Cap 1 Sander to whom they were 
kinde as they had Particular orders so to be by reason of 
y e many kindnesse shewne by his wife to y e french Prison- 
ers. 

Albany y" 22 day offebruary 16f | 
Symon Van Ness and Andries Barents who went out y e 
first with y e Maquaese returning told; they had Pursued 
y e Enemy to y great Lake & would have overtaken them 
had they not been spyed by some of y e Enemy Indians 
that went out to looke for 2 Negroe boys, y l were Runn 
away from them, & y l y e Indians & Christians were all 
Tyred when they came to y e Croune Point neer y e Lake ; 
some went further till they came to where y e Ise was 
Smoth ; where the french had with horses that they car- 
ried from Skinnechtady & Skeets and Yse Spurrs, made 
all the way they could over y e Lake in so much that our 
People could gain nothing upon them ; whereas at first 
they went 2 of their days journeys in one; neverthelesse 
Laureuce y e Maquase and about 140 Mohoggs & River 
Indians are gone in Pursuit of them, & will follow them 
quite to canida. 

Jacob Leisler to Maryland. 

From a volume in the Secretary's Office, endorsed " Duke of York's Charter, Laws, 
Papers &c. in Leisler's Time, I." 

March 4, 1689 [O. S.] fort william. 

To our great griefe I must acquaint you of the sad and 
deplorable massacre which happened at skenectady near 
Albany by the french and their Indians the 19th of ffebru- 
ary last betwixt Saturnday & Sunday at eleven of the 
clock in the night 200 men fell upon them & most barbar- 
ously murdered sixty two men women & children & burned 
the place left but 5 or 6 houses unburned carried away 
captive 27 the rest escaped many of which being about 
25 persons much damnified by the french women with 
chyld ript up, children alive thrown into the flames, some 
their heads dashed ag l the doors & windows all occasioned 
by their neglect of their not watching, deryving to obey 
under the command of the Commission of Sir Edrnond, 
the s d commander being onely spared withall which be- 



Burning of Schenectady. 263 

longs to tim a safeguard being sett in his house & he him- 
self to release the prisoners he desired last Nov'ber a 
certaine nun,6er of rebellious people at Albany calling 
themselves the convention & ruling by the arbitrary Com- 
mission of Sir Edmond encouraged & supported by 
some of the wicked creatures of Sir Edmoud, desired 
from me assistance of men gunes ammunition & money 
being afraied of the french to whom we have sent 52 men 
501bs match 9501bs pouder, boulits etc wch arryving there 
ag l their expectatione would not receive them, & were 
left there by the Inhabitants desire, the s d rebells with their 
fort keept the Inhabitants under a faire. I have sent up 
this Winter commissioned one Capn with 25 men to 
Joine with our confederate Indians to warre ag l the french 
at Canada, who were hindred by the s d rebells, who pro- 
claimed upon paine of being punished for rebells if they 
mett above four men soe they were prevented to goe, we 
would else have discovered the enemy & prevented that 
disaster 

The same to the Bisho}) of Salisbury.* 

31 March, 1690. 

May it please your Lordship The foregoing being sent 
via Boston pr the agents for New England M'hich we hope 
are safely arrived ere this date, we take leave to add, that 
[to] a certain village named Schaneclede 24 miles to the 
northward of Albany on Saturday the 9th of Febr. last 
about 1 1 a clock at night, came 200 French and Indians 
near 1 00 each and attacqued the same whilst it snowed 
thick, barbarously destroying the Inhabitants all being 
dutch ; they murthered 60 persons, and bore away with them 
27 prisoners, wounding some others so that there remain 
but about one sixth part of them having their cattel, goods 
and provisions destroyed and arrested from them, the 
remnant sheltering themselves at Albany, where is pro- 
vision made for them from New Yorke. Being alarmed 
by the daily expectations of the French and Indians ad- 
vancing towards us with a considerable number of 2500 
french besides their Indians at Mout-Eeal, endeavouring 

*Lond. Doc. VII. 



264 Burning of Schcnectady. 

to obtaine upon the allyed Indians with us, viz e The Mac- 
quaes, Oneydauns, Onnondades, Cayougaes, Sinnekaes, 
and Mehekanders who have espoused our cause, we have 
appointed persons to meet them at Albany in a fewdayes 
to consult our best way to intercept the Ennemies march; 
The Maquaes having given us a proofe of their fidelity 
and courage by pursuing those who destroyed Schenech- 
tede even near their own home, taking and slaying twen- 
ty five of them who lagged in the reare, and promise to 
rayse more than 1000 men of theirs to joyne with 400 of 
ours which we have neare raysed for that intent, keeping 
the passe upon the lake with a Company of Indians and 
Christians in number about 50, that upon the enemyes 
approach, we maybe timely notice, lying about 150 miles 
northward of Albany which we have fortified, to the best 
of our power and capacityes, the fort having 13 canon, 10 
Barrells of powder and 60 men in garrison with other 
habiliments; the towne palasadoes round and making 
breast works within, but want canon. 



Roll. Livingston to Sir Edmond Andros. 

Hartford, 14 April 1690. 

May it Please yr ExcelF I was in hopes Yo Excel : 
should have heard y e newes of y e destroying Skinnechtady 
by y 6 French and Indians before your departure y l your 
Excel, might y e more hastnd their motion at Whitehall 
for our Settlement. On y e 9 th of Feb y last a comp y of 250 
French and Indians came upon y l place when they were 
all asleep about 11 a clock at night, and killd and 
destroyed 60 men women and children, carryed 27 men 
and boys prisoners and burnt y e towne except 6 or 7 houses 
which are saved by Captain Sander, whom they did not 
touch, having expresse command to meddle w' b none of his 
relations for his wife's sake who had always been kind to 
y e French prisoners. The people of that towne were so 
bygotted to Leysler that they would not obey any of y 6 
Magistrates neither would they entertain y e souldiers 
sent thither by y l Convention of all; nothing but mea 
sent from Leysler would do the ire turn. 



Burning of Schenectady. 265 

Thus had Leysler perperted y 1 poor people by his sedi- 
tious letters now founde all bloody upon Skinnechtady 
streets with the notions of a free trade, boalting &c. and 
thus they are destroyed ; they would not watch, and where 
Capt. Sander commanded, there they threatened to burn 
him upon y e fire, if he came upon the garde. We were 
much alarm d at Albany ; we sent y 6 Maquase y l were at 
hand out to y* Maquase Castles ; but y e Messenger being 
so timorous did not proceed; so y l it was 3 days before 
we could get y 6 Maquaese downe to pursue them, who be- 
ing joyned with our men, fowllowed them to the Great 
Lake, where y 6 Yse being good and y" French haveing 
robb'd sundrey horses, put ther plunder upon sleds and 
so over y e Lake ; however y 6 Indians pursued and gott 10, 
and afterwards 5, and killed 3. Who being examined re- 
late, y 1 y e French design to attacke Albany early in y e 
Spring, haveing 120 batoes 100 birch canoes and 12 light 
morter pieces and severall other engines ready, and are to 

come with 1500 men Poor Sharpe 

is lame being wounded with a great gunn y 1 split when y e 
alarm came [to Albany] of Skinnechtady. 

Jacob Leishr to the Got'ernour of Barbadoes.* 

Ao 1690: 17 May in fort Wilkins. 

Honorable Sir The French of Canada with their In- 
dianes committed six bloody masacres in this province 
three, & in New England three, they have destroyed Ska- 
nectady a village 20 milles from Albany, murdered sixty 
three men women and children, carried captive 27 : &have 
committed the greatest tyranny imaginable, rypt up wo- 
men with chyld throwed children alive into the flame, 
dasht others ag l door post till their brains stuck to it, 
another murder of eleven people, and one or two com- 
mitted since last fall, we send fifty men up to guard that 
place, but a certaine number of people there maintaining 
the comissions from Sir Edmond Andross & Coll. Dongan 
deryving from the authority of the late King James would 
not accept them there, but keept the fort by virtue of the 
s d Commission would not suffer any of them to goe & 
guard s d Village being the frontier but send of their peo- 

* From volume endorsed: Letters in Leisler's time. c. 



266 Burning of Schenectady. 

pie there, by which means from treachery cowardice and 
carelesnes that too unfortunate and to be lamented acci- 
dent hes hapened there, the river being frozen that noe 
forces could be sent up the winter, the well meaned peo- 
ple lodged our souldiers who kept guard in the City 
whereof the french & Indian (in number of 200 men) had 
advise the Indianes would not goe there & so altered the 
designe, and that place was by that meanes spared our 
Indians pursued them kild & took 25 frenchmen who gave 
us an account of severall troops out in a designe in the 
Spring with 2500 french beside their Indianes. 



Mr. Van Coflandt to Sir Ed. Andros.* 

19 May, 1690. 
May it please your Excellency, 

* The French and Indians have 

againe, since yourExcell"' 5 departure, destroyed some peo- 
ple to the Eastward of Boston, have also burned Sche- 
neghtade killed 60 people and tooke 28 young men and 
boys prisoners; about 150 Indians and 50 young men off 
Albany followed the French overtooke them opon the lake 
killed some and tooke 15 Frenchmen, which the Indians 
have killed in their castles ; the french Indians have killed 
eight or ten people att Conestagione, which has made the 
whole country in alarm, and the people leave their plan- 
tations. Most of the Albany Wood men are att New- 
Yorke. Arent Schuyler went with eight Indians to Cham- 
bly, killed 2 and tooke 1 Frenchman prisoner. 



Mr. Livingston to Capt. Nicholson.* 

7th June. 1690. 

Hon ble Sir, We of Albany stood out the longest till 
were deserted by all New-England, and while I was sent 
by the Convention of Albany to procure assistance from 
the neighbouring colonies, Leisler sent up one Jacob Mil- 
borne, formerly a servant to a man in Hartford, but now a 
fitt tool for his turn with 160 men, whogott the fort sur- 
rendered to him, after I had maintained the garrison, and 
allpublick charge to the 12 th of March, turn'd out all the 

* Lond. Dffc. VII. 



Burning of Schenectady. 267 

Souldiers but 12 or 13, which they tooke in again, and so 
kept there for some weeks This Jacob Milbourne, John 
de Bruine and Johannes Provoost, under the dominion of 
New- York commiss" spending their time with drinking 
and quaffing, while the French Indians comes and cutts off 
the people at Canastagione and above Synectady, and 
never one of them catcht. We have all Leisler's sedi- 
tious letters secured which was the occasion of the de- 
struction of Synechtady, miraculously found in the streets, 
all embrued w th blood the morning after massacree was 
committed, so that we want nothing but a Governor to 
call him to account. 



Letter from Leisler to Gov. Treat. 

Fort William Feb. 15th 1689. 

HONBLE Sr Since our other, the sad news of the 
French wth their Indians have killed most of the In- 
habitants of Shenectede, burnt their houses and carryed 
their provisions, to a greater number as is to be feared, 
who are encouraged by that convention & Colonel Bay- 
ard's faction, who have asserted the Commissions of Sr 
Edmund Andross to remaine in full force; the conse- 
quence thereof is very dangerous, for that King James 
and they espouse one cause, but when the persons advised 
of arrive [to] you wch may be some dayes longer than 
was before expressed, supposing Friday next it will be 
further dilated hoping care will be taken that all conve- 
nient dispatch may be offered unto them, desiring the 
Lord to give us suitable supplyes of his assistance to doe 
our duty in this sad occasion and that all evil members 
may be discovered and accordingly censured 
With due respects I am 

Sr yor Honors Humble Serv 1 
JACOB LEISLER. 

Superscribed to the Honble Robert Treat Esquire Go- 
vernr of His Maties Colony of Connecticutt for their 
Maties Service There 



268 Burning of Schenectady. 

Instructions to the Military and Civil Officers of the 
Southern Counties and East Jersey. 

Fort William February 15, 1689, 
GEN'TLERFEX, Whereas y e ffrench have surprized Scha- 
negtade, & killed & taken Prisoners the most of Their 
Maties Subjects burning & destroying y e s d Place; and 
fearing too great a Correspondency hath bean maintained 
between y e s d ffrench & disaffected P'sons amongst us. 

These are in his Maties Name to will & require you to 
secure all Such Persons who are resputed Papists or 
Do any wise despise or reflect against this Governm 1 or 
hold or maintaine any Comissions from the Late Go- 
vernrs Colo Thomas Dongan or Sr Edmund Andros by 
Virtue of their Authority derived from King James the 
second & y e same Safely to Convey to mee forthwth 
Given under My hand & seale this 15th ffeby 1689 and in 
y e first yeare of Their Maties Reigne. 

JACOB LEISLER. 



By the Lievt. Governor and Councill, &ca. 

Whereas ye ffrench have destroyed the Inhabitants & 
their howses at Shanegtade Bearing away Provisions & 
other spoyles wth them wch sharply alarms that Post of 
albany although wee doubt not (by God's Providence & 
y e numbers upon y" Place) to secure the same agst what- 
sover forces of y e s d french Shall adventure to attack it. 
Yet according to our bounden duty to God y n Kings In- 
terest & y e Safety & prservacon of y e good People of this 
Province ; 

These are in his maties King Wms Name to will and 
require you forthwith (to take Measures as to ypu shall 
seem meet) for raising fifty men wthin your County for y e 
s d Service & Expedicon vpon what termes soever shall 
Be agreed on y e same to dispeed to y 6 fort Wm. in N. 
Yorke where all due Care shall be taken and Encour- 
agem' given for their further procedure & for your assist- 
ance herein have sent Mr. Jacob Millborne that you may 



Burning of Schenectady. 269 

advise & Conclude what shall most Conduce to the Ends 
afores d Given &c. feby 16. 1689 JACOB LEISLER. 

To Major Gerardus Beeckman & others y e Military & 
Civill Officers for Kings County upon Long Island. 

From Mortgage Book I, in County Clerk's Office. 

Feb 10th 16|| 

Resolved y l 25 volunteers goe under y Command of 
Leift Evert de Ridder together with those men gone to 
Shinnectady this morning and Pursue and follow after y e 
french & Indian Enemy who have carried Sundrey of 
there Majes Subjects Captives from Shinnectady who had 
this following Commission. 

WHEREAS the french and Indians of Canida have come 
in a hostile manner massacred and murthered Sundry of 
there Majes Subjects at Shinnectady burning y e Towne 
and caried divers Captives along with them; yow are 
hereby required in there Majes name king William and 
Queen Mary to Pursue and follow after y 6 s d french and 
Indians with so many volunteers as shall be sent with 
yw and y e s d french and Indians to kill and Destroy and 
y e Captives to Rescue and Redeem out of y e s d Enemies 
hands if Possible, always Provided yow meet with a suf- 
ficient number of friend Indians at Shinnectady to assist 
yow in said Expedition. 

Yow are to take Especiall care to have always Spyes 
and Skouts out to Prevent all ambushes in y e march and 
to keep y said men in good order and Discipline & y e 
men are to be obedient to y r orders as Souldiers are 
obliged to obey there officers by y 6 Law marshall given in 
albany y 6 10th day of february 16jj-$ 

To Leift Evert de Ridder 

It was Resolved to Detach 30 men more out of y e 
Comp e to go to Shinnectady y e Mayr Pr Schuyler Jochim 
Staets & Robt Livingston were to goe out along with 
them but after that y" Respective Posts and watches were 
reduced by Mr Wessels Capt Jochim Staets & Capt 
Bleeker they were found so weake that they could not spare 
there men & y e People generally unwilling to consent that 
any more men should go out of Towne not being much 
above 150 men in y e Citty 



270 Burning of Schenectady. 

Die Mortis Albany y" llth day of February 16|| 

Haveing Received Information from Shinnectady last 
night y l no messenger was yet gone to y e Maquase Castle 
to warn them to come doune it was resolved that Mr 
Wessels should goe in all haste thither to bring doune y e 
Maquase and Capt. Gerrit Teunise to goe with a Party of 
men now att Shinnectady to follow y e Enemies Tract to 
see if they had a stronger army or any party bounde 
hither to this Toune and comeing to Shinnectady were 
assured that a messenger was gone to y e Maquase Castles, 
and Lawrence y 6 Indian haveing been out in pursuit of y e 
Enemy with 9 men which Lay here in Toune got an In- 
dian Prisoner by y e way who was examined and told y 1 
the Enemy were not many above a hundred french and 100 
Indians y e s d Lawrence y e Maquase Proposed y 1 he now had 
49 men of y e Maquase & River Indians sent from Albany, 
y 1 he was Intended to pursue y e Enemy to morrow, for 
his heart was Broke to see so much of his Brethrens 
blood shed and would Procure some of y e Prisoners back 
again either by force or by strategem, upon wh Mr Wes- 
sells proposed to y e young men come there with Leift 
Evert de Ridder: now yow see what that Lawrence y e 
Indian Intends, how many of yow are willing to goe 
along with him & serve there Majes king William & 
Queen Mary & Pursue there Enemies that have De- 
stroyed so many Christians, out of which Comp e & of 
some oyrs y 1 came from Albany only 21 went out with 
Lawrence y e Maquase on y e 12th of february being Wed- 
densday, and just as they were furnished and Ready to 
goe y e Indians of y e first & 2 d Castle came to Capt Sanders 
but y e weather being so badd & such a Rain they could 
not Proceed y 1 day Expecting y" Indians of y e 3 d Castle 
would be there that night. 



The 12th dito Die Mercury. 

Last night it was Resolved upon to make Ready one 
hundred men to joyn wth y e 50 men y 1 were at Shinnec- 
tady & wth y e Maquase & River Indians & so pursue y 6 
Enemy, but this day y e great Thaw and Rain prevented 



Burning of Schenectady. 271 

there march and quite Discouraged y 6 People of haveing 
any Successe, we writt therefore to Shinnectady to Mr. 
Wessels y 1 we hoped he had sent y e men forward that 
was there and them were sent him last night, Since we 
see no Probability of Sending any more from hence y e 
weather being so badd which accordingly was done have- 
ing advice y 1 Mr. Wessells had Dispatched about 90 or 
100 Christians & Indians & y Skachkooc Indians wch 
were gone by the way of Sarachtoge were to meet them 
together with y 6 40 maquase y l were out as skouts Law- 
rence sending forthwith 2 messengers before to warn y e 
s d 40 Indians to meet them. 



The 13 dito. DieJovis. 

About 10 a Clock y 6 Indians of Tionondage y 6 3 d 
Castle of y e Mohoggs came to Shinnectady who Rested 
there that day, alderman Shaik Capt Staets & Ensign 
Shuyler were Commanded out with a Party of men to 
joyn y p Tionondages and so Pursue ye Enemy but come- 
ing to Shinnectady y 6 Indian Prisoner taken by Lawrence 
being given to y e Sachims of Tionondage after they had 
Tormented him he was given to an Indian wooman ac- 
cording to there custome who gave him his life, who then 
Confessed y 1 when he came out of Canida there were 600 
men making Ready to come out towards albany or N : 
England, wch Discouraged alderman Shaik Capt. Jochim 
Staets to Proceed; The more because a negro woman of 
Shinnectady was told y 6 Same by a Spanyard y 1 was 
among y 6 french y 1 a Design was laid against albany, So 
yt ye Tionondages went out & followed Lawrence, & after 
they had been out a day came back again till Lawrence 
sent a messenger that he was within a days journey of 
y 6 Enemy and Praid them to come up with all Speed then 
they went and 9 of our Christians wth Ens: abr: Schuy- 
ler, but could not overtake ye Enemy y e Christians came 
back & y 6 Indians went on. The maquase upon our 
24 



272 Burning of Schenectady. 

Dsyre granted the Indian Prisoner to be sent to y* 1 fort 
to be Secured for fear of his Running away to Canida. 

Capt. Garten Capt Paling Capt Beekman & Capt Matthys 
wth 30 men carne from Sopus for our assistance. 



Circular to the Governors of the several Provinces. 

New York Aprill 2d 1690: 

HONBLE SIR The unexpected surprisall of a small vil- 
lage called skenectady by the french & their Indian Con- 
federates hath so alarmed the fronteer post of Albany & 
those of new England that it is a work necessary to be well 
consulted how to secure that place, the wellfare whereof 
concerns all the neighbouring Collonies; And therefore 
having certane notice of 2500 french posted in Montroyoll 
whch advanceth from Quebeck towards Albany near 250 
miles & an additional strenth of the Indianes being ex- 
pected, may sooner attack our afores d post then happily 
we are aware of, wee having done what our circumstan- 
ces & endeavoures could well contribute, have likewise 
communicated the same to the Governor of Boston, & the 
gentlemen of Connecticutt are likewise advertised thereof, 
insomuch that wee propose for a generall assistance that 
such persones as to you shall seem meet may be commis- 
sionated to treat with them of new England, Virginia, pen- 
silvania & Jerseys relating this important aifaire here at 
New york being adjudged the medium between the parties 
concerned upon the 24th day of Aprill next after this 
date, that soe we may conclude what may conduce most to 
the Kings intrest, wellfare of the provinces & the pre- 
vention if not destructione of the enymies &c. 

Letter to the Governor of Barbadoes. 

A: 1690: 17 May in fort william 
The french of Canada with their Indianes committed 
six bloody massacres in this province three & in new Eng- 
land three, they have destroyed Skanectady a village 20 
mills from Albany, murdered sixty three men women and 



Burning of Schenectady. 273 

children, carried captive 27: & have committed the great- 
est tyrranny imaginable, ript up women with chyld thro wed 
children alive into the flame, dashed others ag* door post 
till their braines stuck to it, another murder of eleaven 
people, and one or two committed since last fall, we send 
52 men up to guard that place, but a certane number of peo- 
ple there maintaining the commissiones from sir Edmond 
Andros & Coll: dongan deryving from the authority of the 
late King James would not accept them there, but keept 
the fort by virtue of the s d Commission & would not suf- 
fer any of them to goe and guard s d village being the 
fronteer but send of their people there, by which meanes 
from treachery cowardice & carelesnes that too unfortu- 
nate and to be lamented accident hes happened there, the 
river being frozen that noe forces could be sent up the 
winter, the well meaned people, lodged our souldiers who 
kept guard in the citty whereof the french & Indian (in 
number of 100 men) had advice the Indianes would not 
goe there & so altered the designe & that place was by 
that meanes spared our Indians persued them killd & 
tooke 25 frenchmen who gave us an account of severall 
troops out in a designe in the spring to come with 2500 
french besides their Indianes, your honor great & gen- 
erous example and loyall attempt agt the bloody enimies 
the french, you were pleased to acquaint me besides the 
foresight and good advice of the weaknes your honor 
suspects the french at Canada, wherein in the great 
advantages his Matie & his subjects may reap by, who have 
resolved to us all the meanes imaginable to prevent & if 
possible destroy them there, and so soone the weather has 
permitted, wee have sent up 250: men more, & sent out 
50 men to shout & watch the french wee discovered 12 
tracks of them & gave tymlie notice wheupon all the 
stragelt people were ordered to come in the Citty, 
which was punctually obeyed except tuo families who 
would first prepare a diner & so were surprized & the s d 
eleaven killed & captivated, we have appointed a day here 
to send Commissioners from all the Government to meet 
& consult & negotiate about the warre, which was assured 
by some & others with slow & frivolous excuses, at last 



274 Petition, $c. 

was a vessel taken whereof your honor hes a inclosed 
besides we have here a privateer with 24 gurmes 150 men 
who engage to goe with a Briggantine eight gunnes four 
pitteraroes 70 men, one sloope with four gunes tuo pittera- 
noes & 50 men by us equipped for to attack Quebeck, 
Boston hes armed considerably some ships & other vessles 
for to take port royall a very inconsiderable place, & 
puts us in hopes they will send them from Canada, but 
would not engage it. 



To the honorable John Nanfan Esq. Lewten 1 Governor 
&c. commander in chief of his Majes Province of 
New York and territories depending thereof & to y e 
Honorable Councill. 

The humble Petition of John Rosier, 
Abraham Skuyler, & fraier armoes. 
Humbly sheweth: 

That the said John Eosier and Abraham Skuyler went 
a voyage by his excellency's order with Coll. Peter Skuyler 
last May was twelve months, for which voyage your s d 
petitioners were to have per agreement thirty pounds. 
And all three your petitioners went another voyage last 
July by order also of his excellency, both voyages for 
Canada, the 2d without agreement, but expecting that 
fourty five pounds should be allowed to them for the same. 
And as your petitioners have no estates wherewith to 
subsist and their family they humbly pray 

That your honor would be pleased to order that your 
said petitioners may be paid for y e same two voy- 
ages thirty pounds for the first, and fourty five 
pounds for the second, in all 75. 

And your petitioners as in duty bound 
shall ever pray, &c. 

[Endorsed] Allowed 30 pounds. 



(275) 



EXPENSES OF AN INDIAN TREATY. 



In the month of June, 1699, there was a conference 
held at Albany with the Iroquois. The manner of enter- 
taining the natives on such occasions is exemplified by the 
following bill of expenses, rendered by Robert Livingston 
the clerk of the city, to the government, for articles fur- 
nished the sachems on the 13th and 14th of June. 

The Province of New York Debtor for Sundreys to ye Sa- 
chims of ye Nations at their Conference in Albany, 

To Anthony Coster for 53 gilders white wampum to y e 
Five Nations, as per ace 1 , - - - 1 16 1 

N. B. The Lead y l was in store was given 
to y e Indians. 
To 10 gals Rom given at y e Publick Propositions, 

at 6s Qd per gall, - 6 15 

To 6 galls to y e Indians besides y e Propositions, 206 
To Philip Foreest, cooper, for kegs for y In- 
dians, as per ace 1 , - - - 16 6 
To Rut Melgertse, for 79^ Ibs Tobacco for y 6 

Propositions, as per ace 1 a 25s, - - 295 

To 50 Pouder bags of blew linning, - 1 16 

To blak Ribbin y l tyed y 6 wampom which was 

given to condole y e death of Aguenderos sonne, 2 

There was given to Aguendero, Cheif Sachem in 
private to condole y" death of his sonne : 
5 ells fine blew strouds, &c. 3 
8 yds Duffels a Id, - 2 16 
3 shurts, ... 18 

6 14 

The Sachims of y five nations after y 6 proposi- 
tions was over 24 yds Duffels in private a Id, 8133 



276 Expenses of an Indian Treaty. 

To a Maquase a Pleains Coat, - . - 176 
To y e man that fetched y e Interpreter from 

Shinnectady, - 46 

To Tarirjoris a Maquase a shirt, - - 6 

To a white hat and a keg of Rom to a sachim 

who had dreamt y 1 such a present was made 

to him, - 1 12 6 

To a keg of Rom to Aguendero y Cheif Sachim, 14 6 
To a half vat of good beer to y e Indians when 

they went away, .... 9 

To Isaak Verplank for fish for y e Indians, - - 9 

36 5 6 
R. LIVINGSTONE. 

Wee doe certify y l y e above goods have been delivered 
by Rob 1 Livingston for y" use of y e Governm 1 , amounting 
to six and thirty pounds, five shill and nine pence, which 
is besides thirteen pounds he engaged to pay to M. T. 
Wenham for 200 pounds of powder delivered to y e In- 
dians at y e same time, and hope y l y e Gov 1 will take care 
he be duly paid, which may [a few words obliterated] 
when y kings service requires it. 

Albany y e 19th June, 1699. PR. SCHUVLER, 

HENDRICK HANSE. 



(277 ) 



INSCRIPTIONS 

IN THE 

EPISCOPAL BUKIAL GROUND. 



George F.Abbott, died 31st March, 1811, 36 years 9 

months and 20 days. 

John James Abbott, died 19 July, 1810, in his 84th year. 
Ann Bassett Adams, died July 15th, 1814, aged 22 years 

9 months 9 days. 
Ann Sophia Adams, died August 15th 1813, aged 1 year 

3 months 17 days. 
Ann Hall, wife of James Allen, died Nov, 12, 1832, aged 

61 years. A native of SI igo, Ireland. 
John Agnew, Parish of Dormuse, Co. of Armagh, Ireland, 

died September 9th, 1837, aged 37 years. 

May he rest in Peace. 
Rosina M. Ailing, wife of Andrew J. Colvin, died Feb. 24th, 

1843, aged 33 years. 

Rock of Ages, cleft for me, 
Let me hide myself in thee. 

John Andrews, died April 4th, 1816, aged 84 years. 
Thomas Andrews, native of England, died January 23d, 

1839, aged 48 years 9 months. 

James H. Ashenden, died Nov. 12, 1840, in his 29th year. 
Robert Barber, printer, born at Longford, Ireland, came 
early in life to America, and died at Albany on the 31st 
May, 1812, aged 42 years. 

John Barber, born at Longford, Ireland, came in early 
life to America, and died at Albany, where he was 
printer to the State of New York, on the 10th July, 1808, 
aged 50. 

The life of man 

Is surrounded in birthdays and in sepulchres ; 
But the Eternal God had no beginning, 
He hath no end. 



278 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Abel Bagbey, died July 15, 1850, aged 41 years. 
Elizabeth Williams, daughter of John and Catharine 

Barnes, died Sept. 15, 1840, 5 months 7 days. 
Elizabeth Caroline, daughter of Saml. and Ann Barnes, 

native of Dorsetshire, Eng., died Aug. 28th, 1840, aged 

3 years 2 months. 
Angelica Alexandrina, daughter of Katherine Barnes, 

July 18th, 1840, aged 1 year 2 months 13 days. 
William Bartley, died Aug. 4th, 1847, aged 30 years. 
David Bedford, Junr., died March 20th, 1818, aged 45 years 

5 months 13 days. 
Catherine Bedford, wife of James Benham, died Jan. 

27th, 1845, aged 20 years 9 months. 
Theodore W. Beecher, born January 10th, 1811, died 

October 17th, 1843, and also, Francis Seger Beecher, 

born July 6th, 1838, died January 2nd, 1839. 
Frances H. Bell, daughter of James and Maria Bell, died 

Aug. 28, 1833, aged 1 year 2 months. Also, their son 

Charles T. Bell, died Sept. 7, 1851, aged 2 years 4 mo's. 
Isaac Bell, died Feb. 12, 1838, 23 y'rs 11 months 12 days. 
In memory of Andrew Berger, a native of France, who 

died July 13th, 1840, aged 72. 
Lancelot Bew, died Feb. 1st, 1847, aged 11 years. 
William I., son of John and I. Black, died Sept. 29, 1843, 

aged 3 years 5 days. 

Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Anthony and Elizabeth Elan- 
chard, died Feb. 8th, 1840, aged 16 years. 
Elizabeth M. Gill, wife of Anthony Blanchard, died April 

13th, 1838, aged 36 years. 

William Bleakly, died Nov. 12th, 1822, aged 42 years. 
Charles Bork, died Dec. 17th, 1848, aged 41 years. 

Hugh Boyd, 

died June 27th, 1842, aged 25 years. 
Also, Hugh son of Hugh and Mary A. D. Boyd, 

died June 13, 1839, aged 6 months and 21 days. 
Twine gentle evergreen and form a shade, 

Around the tomb where my dear husband's laid, 
Redeemed with sorrow's tear an emblem prove, 
His happy state in God's eternal love. 

Mary Catherine, daughter of Hugh and Mary A. D. Boyd, 
died March 19th, 1845, aged 2 years 6 months 19 days. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 279 

Edward Bradshaw, Junr., son of James and Ellen Brad- 
shaw of Jamieson, aged 19 months. 

Rebecca Smith, wife of George Beebe, died 26th May, 
1852, aged 36 years. 

Nancy C., daughter of the late Elijah Brainard and Par- 
thema his wife, died March 21st, 1849, aged 60 years. 

The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

James Brammall, died October 21, 1841, aged 28 years 2 m. 
William Spencer, son of Arther and Mary Ann Boyle, 
died February llth, 1842, aged 2 years 6 months 8 d. 
Sacred to the Memory of 

Henry Braneman, 
Died June 5th, 1849, aged 64 years. 

Catherine, daughter of G. T. and M. Bratt,died Nov. 9th, 

1836, 20 years 8 months 19 days. 
Peter Briare, a native of France, died Nov. 10, 1828 aged 

59 years. 

Ann Brown, wife of Nathaniel Brown, died July 21st, 

1815, aged 27 years 2 months 16 days. 
David Buckbee. died February 3d, 1819, aged 27 years 4 m. 
Mary, wife of Thomas Burgess, died Sept. 5, 1823, aged 

60 years 2 months 16 days. 

Thos. Burgess, died Nov. 10, 1812, aged 55 years 9m. 25 d. 
Thomas Burgess, died August 15th, 1834, aged 46 years 

5 months 2 days. 
Mary Crawford, wife of Mathew Burns, died May 10th, 

1843, aged 25 years 24 days. 

In Memory of Lavina wife of John Calhoun, died Novem- 
ber 19th, 1844, in the 52nd year of her age. 
Edward Calvert, of Leeds, England, died January 30th, 

1834, aged 23 years. 
Margaret Anne Staats, only daughter of John and Harriet 

Campbell, died in Buffalo, N. Y., April 15th, 1841, aged 

1 year 4 months 23 days. 
John Staats, son of John and Harriet L. Campbell, born 

April llth 1836, died Jan. 29th, 1843. 
John Campbell, died March 4th, 1846, in his 33d year. 
Jane Shepland r wife of Daniel Campbell , died Sept. 2nd, 

1851, 59 years 4 months and 3 days. 



280 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Theophilus Carter, died Dec. 2nd, 1826, in his 72nd year. 
Theophilus Carter, died in February 1835. 
Catherine Carter, died December 6th, 1834. 
Ann, daughter of William and Rachel Chesnut, died Au- 
gust 25th, 1816, aged 4 years 6 months 20 days. 

Tho 1 John and Peter should despise, 

Such little babes as we, 
Rebuke them not, the Saviour cries, 

But bring them unto me. 

Wm. A. Clark, of Brockville, C. W., died Feb. 27, 1843, 

aged 22 years. 
Ann Dole, wife of Thomas Clark, died 20 February, 1834, 

aged 59 years 6 months 15 days. 
Hannah Clench, daughter of Benj. V. and Mary Clench, 

died May 8th, 1794, aged 1 year 3 months. 
Mary Shepherd Clench, wife of Benjamin V. Clench, 

died 5th February, 1834, aged 67 years 8 months 15 d. 
Benjamin Vernor Clench, died llth May, 1837, aged 73 

years 3 months 6 days. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin V. and Mary Clench, 

died June 29th, 1840, aged 30 years 6 months. 
Benjamin Clench, son of B. V. and Mary Clench, died July 

llth, 1834, aged 43 years 2 months 22 days. 
Geo. Clench, son of Benj. V. and Mary C., died 8th, 1834, 

aged 31 years 4 months 20 days. 
Richard Clench, as above, died 7th March, 1834, aged 26 

years 2 months 20 days. 
William Clench, died 20th March, 1828, aged 31 years 5 

months 8 days. 

John J. Cluett, who died February 23d, 1836, aged 83. 
Catalina Gibbons, daughter of Sanford Cobb, died August 

9th, 1839. 
Phoebe Ann, wife of Sanford Cobb, and daughter of James 

and Esther Gibbons, died March 5, 1825, aged 31 years. 
Esther Robinson, daughter of Sanford and Phcebe Ann 

Cobb, died March 7, 1840, aged 16 years. 
Rowen, who died August 4th, 1839, aged 7 years 7 months 

and Charlotte, died July 30th, 1839, aged 5 years 7 

months. Aaron, died Oct. 29th, 1838, aged 2 months. 

They were beloved and lamented children of John and 

Adelina Coffer. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 281 

In Memory of 

Teresa Sparrow Collins, 

who departed this life March 7th, 1838, 

aged 39 years. 

Also, 

her son James Collins, departed 
this life August the 6th, 1835, aged 3 mouths and 17 days. 

Also, 
William Collins, who died May 30th, 1836, 

aged 1 day. 

Weep not for me, my husband and children, and shed not your teers 
in vane, for your loss hier is my eternal gane., 
John James Collins, 

who died August 31st, 1838, aged 1 year 2 months 21 days. 
Catherine Colling, Dec 24, 1832. aged 72 years. 
John Cook, died 21st Aug., 1823, aged 59 years. 
Margaret, daughter of Edward H. and Margaret Cook, 

died Aug. 1st, 1827, aged 14 days. 

In Memory of Elizabeth Fennimore Cooper, aged 8 years 
daughter of Richard F. and Ann L. Cooper, of Coop- 
erstown, Obit 29th September, 1811. 
Hester Beeby, wife of Moses Corey, died July 15, 1851, 
aged 45 years. 

Sacred to the Memory of 
Ruth, wife of Wm. C. Cottam, 
Died April 14, 1825, 
aged 58 years 14 days. 
Stay passenger, examine well this tomb, 
Twas built for one but lately taken home, 
A wife, a parent, friend, beloved by all, 
Was summon'd hence, obeyed the gracious call, 
With calm repose she left this house of clay, 
To meet her God in everlasting day. 

Jane Cottam, 
died August 1816, aged 8 months. 

Here lies 

The remains of John Craig, 

Deputy Assistant Commissary Genl. 

to the forces of H. B. Majesty, who 

departed this life at Albany, in the State 

of New York, upon the llth Jan., 1832, 

aged 44 years. 
He was the son of the late Thomas Craig Tacksman 

of Moray, Scotland. 

This stone is erected by his afflicted mother in testimony of affection 
for a dearly beloved son. 



282 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Elisha Crane, died April 14th, 1844, aged 53 years. 
Rudolphis Crane, died Jan. 28, 1834, aged 17 years. 
John Crawford, who died October 2nd, 1846, aged 54 
years. 

Sacred to the Memory of 
Aletia Cunningham, 

consort of 

Andrew Cunningham, 
she died Sept. 7th, 1818, aged 49 years 1 month 7 days. 

" Her's was the female heart, the manly mind, 

Where wisdom, wit and genius joined, 

Were sanctified by piety, 

By faith, beneficence and charity, 

From youth to age the path of peace she trod, 

And now in peace eternal rests with God." 

Mary Cuyler, relict of John Cuyler, and daughter of John 

and Eve Vernor, died July 20th, 1846, aged 70 years, 

9 months, 14 days. 
In Memory of Charles 0. Darke, died February 21, 1824, 

aged 35 years. Also of Mrs. Sarah Darke, who died 

Jan. 24, 1825, aged 73 years. 
Carey son of John and Adriana Daws, died 22nd June, 

1834, aged 1 year. 
Simon Dazen, died April 26th, 1807, aged 24 years. 

From France and parents dear, I lie alone, 

This clay cold grave is all I own, 
In bloom of youth I paid the debt you see, 

My friends prepare and follow me. 

Penelope, 

relict of 

Captain John Denny, 
of the Revolutionary Army, 

who died 

January 9lh, 1831, 
aged 73 years 7 months and 8 days. 

Rachel Dillon, departed this life March 9th, 1850. 

Laygan, Co. Down, Ireland. 
Ann Van Santvoort, wife of James Dole, died 10th Dec., 

1833, aged 84 years 6 months 2 days. 
Rebecca Dole, died April 28th, 1825, aged 32 years. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 283 

James Dole, died 10th August, 1803, aged 61 years 2 

months 9 days. 
Geo. Dole, son of James and Ann Dole, died 22nd July, 

1813, aged 27 years 4 months 5 days. 
Capt. Peter Donnelly, Junr., who died Feb. 3d, 1828, aged 

40 years 5 months 18 days. 

Memento Mori. 

Martin Dorset, died 6th November, 1826, in the 31st year 

of his age. 
William Henry, son of Martin and Mary Ann Dorset, died 

December 14, 1826, aged 11 months 11 days. 
Nathan Dummer, son of Stephen Dummer, of Newhaven, 
Connecticut, died 1st Nov., 1809, aged 21 years 9 
months. 

Mary Dunlevy, died April 23, 1835, aged 84 years. 
Richard Dunn, died Oct. 15th, 1825, aged 81 years. 
Margaret Dunn, Relict of Richard Dunn, died Dec. 24th, 

1831, aged 95 years. 
Wm. Dunn, son of Margaret and Richard Dunn, died June 

6th, 1815, aged 29. 
William Rigby, son of Richard and Margaret Dunn, died 

April 29, 1813, aged 1 year 5 months. 
Francis, son of Edward and Margaret Dunn, died July 
17, 1805, aged 4 days. 

In Memory of 
John Hanbury Dwyer, 

Professor of Elocution. 

One of the most distinguished 

actors of his day, a man of brilliant 

talent, an ornament to the British and 

American stage, author of the best 

essay on elocution evor published 

in this country. Born in Clonmel Co., 

Tipperary, Ireland, 1780, came to 

America in 1811, died in Albany 14th 

Dec., 1848, regretted by all who knew him. 

Richard Eaglestone, of Oxford, England, died Aug. 21st, 
1835, in his 60th year. 

Catharine McElchrean, died Sept. 18th, 1846, aged 77 
years 4 months 18 days. 

Tryphena Ann, daughter of Richard and Tryphena Eld- 
ridge, of Antigua, West Indies, died March 10, 1832. 
25 



284 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Eliza Selina, wife of Marta Erersten, and daughter of 

Richard and Sarah Tillman, born March 1st, 1790, 

died May 8th, 1835, aged 45 years 2 months and? days. 
Caroline Fenno, died May 1st, 1805, aged 14 years 1 

month 3 days. 

Francis Fisk, died February 15, 1849, aged 25 years. 
John Fitzpatrick, died September 7th, 1834, aged 47 y. 
Ebenezer Foot, died July 21st, 1814, aged 41 years 15 d. 
Mary Eliza, daughter of Joseph and Eliza Francis, Feb. 

8, 1842, aged 6 weeks 4 days. 
John Henry Francis, died June 29, 1846, aged 1 year 4 

months 19 days. 
In Memory of Catherine Fryer, daughter of Isaac and 

Elizabeth Fryer, died October 3d, 1791, aged 60 years 

2 months 3 days. 
Sarah, the wife of Thomas Fryer, and daughter of Joseph 

and Sarah Norres, deceased, died October 6th, 1793, 

aged 22 years and 30 days. 
Isaac Fryer, died June 13th, 1802, aged 68 years 5 months 

19 days. 
Elizabeth Hilton, wife of Isaac Fryer, died September 27th, 

1794, aged 57 years 10 months 28 days. 

" Behold and see as you pass by, 
As you are now, so once was I, 
As I am now, so you must be, 
Prepare for death and follow me." 

Wm. Fryer, son of Isaac and Elizabeth Fryer, died 27th 

Dec., 1815, aged 51 years 16 days. 

John Fryer, died Dec. 16, 1815, aged 49 years 15 days. 
Catharine daughter of John and Christiana Fryer, died 

April 25th, 1818, aged 10 years 2 months 13 days. 
William, son of John and Christiana Fryer, died Dec. 10th, 

1817, aged 7 years 6 months 25 days. 
Francis William, son of Albert and Eunice Gallup, Sept. 

17th, 1842, 14 months 2 days. 
Daniel V. Gates, died September 6th, 1834, aged 33 years 

8 months 27 days. 
Geo. Gill, died Feb. 16th, 1816, in his 45th year. Also, 

his wife Martha, died April 19th, 1836, in her 66th 

year. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 285 

Mary Fidler, born April 3, 1786, died Nov. 6th, 1837. 

Farewell vain world, as thou hast been to me, 
This dust I leave for worms, this spirit free, 
In triumph rise to meet my God, 
Cleansed by a kind Redeemer's blood. 

Ellen Hogan, daughter of James and Matilda Gibbons, 

died March 11, 1827, aged 10 months 7 days. 
James, son of James and Matilda Gibbons, died June 17th, 

1825, aged 7 months 1 day. 

Mary wife of John Gill, died "March 19, 1814, aged 73 y's. 
John W., son of William and Eleanore Gill, died Sept. 

27th, 1840, in his 7th year. 

William Gill, died June 9th, 1839, in his 63rd, year. 
Mathew Gill, died Feb. 10th, 1841, aged 67 years 6 mo's. 
Rebecca, widow of Mathew Gill, died July 22d, 1848, aged 
80 years. 

The Grave of 
Harriet E. DeNormandie Gillespie, 

an only daughter, 
lovely, interesting, virtuous. 
This hope and consolation of 

a Mother, 
was buried here, Jan. 5th, 1S27. 

Margaret Jane, wife of Timothy C. Gladding, died Janu- 
ary 30th, 1832, aged 20 years 11 months 8 days. Also, 
their infant child, August 15, 1832, aged 8 months 5 d. 

"Thus all that's bright must fade, 
The brightest still the fleetest, 
Thus all that's sweet is made, 
But to be lost when sweetest." 

Rosetta G. Clark, wife of George W. Gladding, died July 

29th, 1846, aged 33 years and 8 months. 
Jane McN. Gladding, died May 9th, 1843, aged 4 years 6 

months 1 1 days. 
Geo. W. Gladding, Jr., died June 2d, 1845, aged 2 years 

4 m. 1 d. Children of G. W. and Rosetta G. Gladding. 
John Glass, a native of Ireland, was drowned August 5, 

1848, in his 27th year. 
E. P. Goodridge. 

Mary Goodrich, died Aug. 9th, 1841, aged 28 years 36 d. 
Robert Gray, died 1837. 



286 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

John McGlinn, 
died Sept. 10th, 1823. 

Also, 
Archibald McGlinn, died Aug. 28, 1840, 

aged 45 years. 
Also, 

Jane McGlinn, 

died April 15, 1842, 
in the 70th year of her age. 

Octavia Maria Graham, died Dec. 23, 1829, aged 29 years. 
Mary Ann, wife of Jacob Goewey, died Aug. 23d, 1829, 

aged 30 years. 
Elizabeth, wife of Matthew Gregory, who died, August 

2nd, 1826. A native of England. 
In Memory of Matthew Gregory, Lieutenant in the army 

of the Revolution, died 1848, aged 92. 
Ann Jane and Frances Elizabeth, daughters of Edward 

and Mary Ann Green. Ann Jane died April 5th, 1839, 

aged 4 years. Frances Elizabeth, died November 5th, 

1832, aged 4 years 8 months. 
Erected in memory of Ann Eliza, wife of John Groesbeck, 

youngest daughter of John C. and Eve Fredenrick, died 

Dec. 22d, 1830, in the 30th year of her age. 
Thomas Hart, died December 21st, 1843, aged 39 years 

8 months 27 days. Native of Londonderry, Ireland. 

Lie here dear husband in the dust, 
Since God was pleased to call you first, 
And still with Christ it is my prayer 
That t in Heaven may meet you there 

Joseph, son of Robert and Elizabeth Hartley, died Febru- 
ary 19, 1841, aged 1 year 1 month and 21 days. 

Victoria Harriett, daughter of John S. and Jane S. Hall, 
born at Reading in England, died at Albany July , 
1852, aged . 

Wm. Henderson, of New York, died February llth, 1825, 
in the 27th year of his age. 

Theodore Hendrickson, son of John and Maria Hendrick- 
son, died May 12th, 1824, aged 26 years 1 month. 

George Hendrickson, son of John and Maria Hendrickson, 
died April 16th, 1830, aged 28 years 8 months and 28 
days. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 287 

Caroline, daughter of John and Maria Hendrickson, June 
1st, 1823, aged 2 years 1 month. 

Ann Margaret Thorn, daughter of George B., and Marga- 
ret Hendrickson. 

Maria, wife of John Hendrickson, died March 23, 1851, 
aged 74 years 21 days. 

William Hendrickson, died Jan. 9, 1842, aged 38 years. 

Charles Herner, died Oct. 31st, 1833, aged 32 years 24 
days. 

Sarah Ann, daughter of John Herner, died May 22d, 1840, 
aged 2 years 5 months. 

Mary Louise Herner, died June 21st, 1834. aged 5 months 
14 days. 

Thomas E. Hewson, died Sept. 28th, 1818, in the 27th 
year of his age. 

Margaret Higham, native of England, died Dec. 17, 1825, 
aged 63 years 4 months 5 days. 

John Hill, died 21st Nov., 1831, aged 65 years. 

Thomas B. Hill, son of Samuel and Mary Hill, who de- 
parted this life, August 12th, 1825, aged 21 years 3 
months. 

Is this the fate, that all must die? 

Will Death no ages spare? 
Then let us all to Jesus fly, 

And seek a refuge there. 

John Walter, son of John and Rachel Hill, died at New 
Orleans, Oct. 11, 1844, aged 22 years 1 month. 

Sacred to the Memory of Mary Hill, wife of Samuel Hill, 
who departed this life January 15th, 1816, in the 44th 
year of her age. 

" Behold we see while here we look, 
The dearest ties of friendship broke, 
Tho' grief and sorrow pierce the heart, 
The dearest friends we see must part.'' 

Sacred to the memory of Samuel Hill, who departed this 
life 12th May, 1819, in the 52nd year of his age. 

Friends nor physician can not save, 
The mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here, 
When Christ commands me to appear. 



288 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Sarah Hill, wife of Daniel Hill, died September 5th, 1842, 
aged 78 years. 

In Memory of 
James Hinman, 

who lost his life by the fall of State st. 
bridge, August 22nd, 1848. 
in the 52nd year of his age. 

Catharine, wife of John Hodge, died Oct. 21, 1841, aged 

32 years. 
John Hodge, died August 30th, 1850, aged 54 years 7 

months. 
James Holden. 
Mary, wife of James Holden, died September 15, 1833, 

aged 73 years. 
Philip Hooker, died January 31st, 1836, aged 69 years 3 

months 6 days, in the full hope of a blessed eternity. 
Mary, wife of Philip Hooker, died Sept. 26th, 1812, aged 39. 
Mary Hosford, wife of IJarley Hosford, died 3rd March, 

1815, aged 23 years 1 month 12 days. 
Mary Ann Hughes, wife of John Spencer, died June 6th , 

1847, aged 30 years. 

Elizabeth Hurst, died August 7, 1838, aged 47 years. 
Also, her daughter Prudence, aged 3 years. 
Mary, wife of Samuel Humphries, died August 16th, 1823, 

aged 25 years 1 day. 

William Lightbody, son of George and Eleanor Hum- 
phrey, died Jan. 24th, 1819, aged 1 year 2 months 11 

days. 

To the Memory of James Hunter, printer, 

for some years principal Editor 
of the Albany Daily 

Advertiser, 

who died suddenly 

on the 15th July, 1834, 

in the 38th year of his age. 

" Green be the sod above thee, 

Friend of our happy days, 
None knew^thee but to love, 
None knew but to praise." 

Isabella, wife of James Hunter, died Dec. 25th, 1839, aged 

80 years. 
James Hunter, died June 1 1th, 1805, in his 43d year. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 289 

John'W. Hyde, died Dec. 19th 1831, aged 33 years 7 
months 4 days. 

Elizabeth, wife of John W. Hyde, died Feb. 16, 1824, 
aged 23 years, 10 months 16 days. 

Edward Iggett, died March 26th, 1819, aged 54 years. 
From England. 

Johanna, relict of Edward Iggett, died Jan. 25th, 1841, 
aged 77 years. 

John Iggett, dep. this life Feb. 7th, 1847, aged 49 years. 

Adelaide Jackson, died 29th May, 1840, aged 46 years 4 
months. 

Augusta Mary, the infant daughter of Capt. R. H. S. Jack- 
son, of the British Army, and Elizabeth, his wife, who 
was born in England, at Staindrop Hall, in the county 
of Durham, on the 29th July 1850, and who died at 
Albany, whilst on her voyage to Canada, on the 18th 
July 1851. 

Chancellor, son of Win. and Mary Janes, died Aug. 7th, 
184], 6 months 9 days. 

Mary Jenkins, died July 28th, 1817, aged 16 years 2 months 
23 days. 

Anne Elizabeth, wife of John J. Jones, and daughter of 
David Thomas, Esquire, of Rumney Iron Works, Wales, 
died 26th April, 1844, aged 35 years 2 months 9 days. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Thos. P. and Jane Jones, died 
26th June, 1842, aged 5 years 3 months. 

Margaret Howard, daughter of Joshua and Ann E. Jones, 
died April 29, 1841, aged 11 months 8 days. 

In Memory of Jane Ingram, second daughter of Joshua A. 
and Anne E. Jones, who departed this life Jan. 25, 
1843, aged 7 years 10 months and 18 days. 

Dear parents, if you could but hear 
The Golden Harps around me ringing, 
You would not shed a single tear, 
But join the songs which I am singing, 
And could you see the shining train, 
Who met me at those Pearly gates, 
And led me o'er the golden plain, 
To where my God, my Saviour waits, 
'Twould make you long from Earth to flee 
And seek this heavenly home with me. 



290 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 



Also, 
In Memory of 

William David, son of Joshua and Anne E. Jones, 

who departed this life March 18, 1843, 

aged 4 years. 

This lovely bud so fresh and fair, 
Called hence by early doom, 

Just come to show how sweet a flower, 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Hugh Johnson, died Nov. 20, 1843, aged 29 years 8 months. 
Thomas Perry Jones, native of Liverpool, England, died 

May 10th, 1843, aged 32 years. 
Georgianna, daughter of Thos. P. and Jane Jones, died 

June 10th, 1844, aged 2 years and 7 months. 
Margaret Jones, died llth March, 1840, aged 41 years. 
Lydia A. Kane, wife of Geo. Kane, 22 years 5 months 6 d, 
Eliza Kane, died 6th Aug., 1819, aged 32 years 14 days. 

Also, daughter Mary Jane, aged 3 years. 
Prudence, wife of James Kelly, died February 4th, 1849, 

aged 38 years. 

Joseph and Michael, sons of Prudence and James Kelly. 
Samuel and Sarah Hurst, Father-in-law and Mother-in- 
law of James Kelly. 
G. Kirk. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Robert Kerr, Esq., 

Judge of the Surrogate Court and an active Magistrate 

for the district of Niagara in Upper Canada; 
descended from an ancient family in North Britain. 

He faithfully served the King 
as surgeon of the forces and on the staff 

for upwards of forty-six years. 
His social habits and kindness of heart 

endeared him to his acquaintance, 
and his loss will long be felt by those who knew him best. 

He was a distinguished mason, 

and Deputy Grand Master of the Province. 

The honor paid to his remains, 

by the ancient Fraternity, 

and by several honorable members of the Legislature 

at Albany in the State of New York, where he died, 

in the 69th year of his age, on the 25th Feb., 1834, 

are gratefully acknowledged 

by his sorrowing friends. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 291 

Elizabeth Kirk, daughter of James and Gracy Matchett 

died July 7th, 1831, aged 34 years. 
Sarah and Elizabeth infant daughter of Prudence and 

James Kelly. 

Ann Kells, died April 6th, 1844, aged 66, a native of Ire- 
land, Co. Down. 
JohnT. Kirk, aged 1 year. 

In Memory of 

Mrs. Hannah, wife of Rev. Wm. B. Lacey, 

who after faithfully fulfilling those duties. 

which shed the brightest lustre on woman's 

name, the duties of the friend, the daughter, 

the mother, the wife, died in full triumph 

of the Christian faith, 

llth March, 1831, 
aged 37 years 5 months 23 days. 

Ann Elizabeth Leinhardt, born July 5th, 1849, died Oct. 

2d, 1851, and her only child Fredereka Elizabeth, aged 

1 month 4 days. 
Peter R. Lansing, daughter of Myndert and Mary Lansing, 

died Sept. 22nd, 1809, aged 13 years? 
Myndert Lansing, who departed this life on the 10th day 

of April' 1814, in the 40th year of his age. 
Mary Lansing, widow of Myndert and daughter of the 

Rev. John Usher of Bristol R. I., who died March 7th, 

1845. 

Myndert, their 4th son, died April 24, 1842, aged 43 years. 
Sally U., their 3rd daughter, died September 10th, 1842, 

aged 18 years. 
Eliza Le Breton, daughter of Nathan Sanford, born 2nd 

August 1803, died 13th February, 1833. 
Edward Le Breton, died 22nd Feb., 1811. 
Mary Ann Le Breton, died 3d March, 1808, aged 29 y. 3 m. 
Amelia Le Breton, daughter of Edward and Mary Ann Le 

Breton, aged 8 months 1 day. 

John Le Breton, died Dec. 16, 1830, aged 27 years. 
Abigail Lewis, wife of James Lewis, died Jan. 10th 1809, 

aged 49 years 29 days. 

Mrs. Ruth Lobdell, died July 14, 1834, aged 60 years 3 m. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin W. and Jane E. Lock- 
wood, died 28th Sept., 1823, aged 1 year 7 months. 



292 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Benjamin Lockwood, died Jan. llth, 1828, aged 34 years. 
Jane Eliza Lockwood, wife of Benjamin Lockwood, died 

July 25, 1828, aged 30 years 4 months 5 days. 
Francis Low, died Jan. 21, 1834, aged 53 years. 
Balthasar Lydius, died Nov. 19lh, 1815, aged 78 years. 
Amelia, daughter of Henry and Rebecca Malcolm, late of 

Hudson, who departed this life July 16th, 1829. 
James Matchett, Junr., died November, 19th, 1829, aged 

24 years 7 months and 13 days. 
Thomas Matchett, died April 3rd, 1826, in the 31st year 

of his age. 
James Matchett, died January 25, 1830, in the 80th year 

of his age. 
William Henry Matchett, died June 10th, 1811, aged 2 

years and 7 months. 

Gracy Matchett, died July 4th, 1833, Pged 60 years. 
Rachel Matchett, wife of Garrit Hagaman, died Aug. 12th, 

1837, aged 35 years. 
Henrietta Amelia, eldest daughter of William Alexander 

and Hannah Mavadror, died August 18th, 1824, having 

attained the age of 15 years 11 months 18 days. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Isaac Mazyck, Esq., 

late of South Carolina. 

He departed this life 

in the city of Albany, 

on the llth October, 1806, in his 40th year, 

on a journey for the benefit 

of his health. 

John McClellan, died January 29, 1849, aged 16 years 5 
months 22 days. 

Joseph, son of James and Martha McClellan, died July 4th, 
1840, aged 18 months. 

Richard Richmond, son of William and Dighson Mc- 
Clellan, died Jan. 16, 1847, aged 5 years 3 months 12 d. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Stephen and Elizabeth McHugh, 
died July 28th, 1832, aged 8 years 6 months. 

Wm. McElroy, son of Henry and Mary McElroy, died 
Feb. 27th, 1842, aged 12 years 3 months. 

Ann McKowne, died Sept. 8th, 1846, aged 13 months. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 293 

Ann McKowne, daughter of Francis and Agnes McKowne, 
died August 19th, 1840, aged 1 year 24 days. 

Francis McKowne, died August 17th, 1845, aged 1 1 months. 

Margaret, wife of Philip McNiff, died May. 12, 1815, aged 
36 years. 

Henry Sergeant Merchant, died July 29th, 1839, aged 39 
years 11 months and 26 days. 

Memento Mori. 
Beneath this 
Monument 

are deposited the remains of 

George Merchant and Elizabeth his wife. 

The former died August 14th, 1830, 

aged 73 years and 9 months. 
The latter died July 28, 1814, 

aged 55 years. 

The one a kind and affectionate father, 
The other a tender and beloved mother, 

Also, here lie the remains ot 
Samuel Leake and Eliza Spencer Merchant, 

the former died Dec. 18th, 1819, 

the latter died Sept. 28th, 1794, aged 2 years. 

Erected May 1st, 1833, to their memory, 

by their surviving sons and brothe.s, 

Horatio, William. Spencer, Biddle, 

and Henry, to the memory of 

Wishulathe, mother of Geo. Merchant, 

aged 76 years 2 months and 3 days. 

Alfred L. Menand, died 18th, July, 1843, aged 7 months 
15 days. 

Mary, wife of William Merrifield, 

aged 78. 
This grave contains the best of mothers. 

William Merrifield, died August 17, 1824, aged 68. 
Sarah wife of Richard Merrifield, and their two sweet 

babes. 
Eli, son of George and Huldah Merrifield, died March llth, 

1842, aged 3 years 1 1 months. 

Louisa and Charles William, children of Geo. and Huldah 
Merrifield, who died on the 26th and 27th, Nov., 1829, 
Louisa 5 years and 11 months, Charles William I year 
10 months and 22 days. 



294 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Frances Moat, died April 26th, 1840, aged 2 years 4 

months 11 days. 
William James, son of James and Ann Mitchell, died 

April 7th, 1847, aged 6 years 2 months. 
Jesse H. Montgomery, died Sept. 10, 1840, aged 29 years 

9 months 10 days, 

Jacob H. Montgomery, died August 31st, 1845, aged 29 y. 
Elizabeth daughter of Jesse and Lydia Montgomery, died 

July 31st, 1835, aged 1 year 7 months 5 days. 
John Moore, died August 2nd, 1849, aged 68, and Harriet 

Moore, died July 12th, 1819, aged 1 year 3 months 2 d. 
Ezekiel Moor, died August 2d, 1805, aged 28 years. 
Charlotte Moranda, died Feb. 16, 1841, aged 46 years 6m. 
Samuel Morrow, died 8th Jan., 1835, aged 70 years. 
Mary Ann Morrow, daughter of Joseph and Mary Morrow, 

aged 18 months. Also, 

Samuel Morrow, died January 8, 1836, aged 4 years. 
Wm. Morrow, died October llth, 1813, aged 41 years 3 

months 2 days. Born in Belenpay, Ireland. 
Wm. Morrow, a native of Ireland, Parish of Rahaspeck, 

Co. of Westmeath, who departed this life Jan. 12th, 

1827, aged 39 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Ann, wife of Robert Mor- 
row, who died April 30th, 1840, aged 84. 
Geo. Maffitt Mossop, native of Dublin, Ireland, who died 

Oct 8th, 1849, aged 34 years. This tribute of aflectipn 

is inscribed by his widow. 
Mary Weston, wife of John Mould, died Feb. 25th, 1843, 

in the 54th year of her age. 

There is a blissful hope, that we shall meet again. 
John, son of William and Sarah Mullen, died June 10th, 

1841, aged 3 years 8 months 10 days. 
Celia, daughter of Henry and Mary Ann Muslin, and 

grand daughter of Thomas Andrews, died Jan. 8, 

1839, aged 4 months. 

Joseph Nellegar, died January 7th, 1831, aged 73 years. 
Hannah, consort of Joseph Nellegar, died July 2d, 1843, 

aged 72 years. 
James Nellegar, died April 18, 1828, aged 39 years 3 

months 17 days. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 295 

Maria Eliza, daughter of John and Jane Nellegar, died 
Sept. 7th, 1833, aged 5 years, 1 month 7 days. 

Sally Ann Nellegar, died June 29th, 1828, aged 20 years. 

John Nicholson, born in Little Britain, Co. Orange, June 
4th, 1776, died 29 May, 1821. 

Sarah O'Neil, died March 18th, 1813, in her 18th year. 

Elizabeth, relict of Jeremiah Osborne, died Nov. 26, 1839, 
aged 58 years. 

John Owens, died Jan. 28th, 1842, aged 39 years. Also, 
four of his sons, Matthew, aged 10 months; Edward 
James, 1 year 5 months; Wm. Alexander, 1 year 9 
days ; John Alexander, 1 year 10 months. 

Samuel J., son of John and Esther Owen, died January 
1st, 1835, aged 10 years 18 days. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Thomas Owen, 
brother of Commodore Owen, 

of the British Navy, 
who was born in London, and died at 

Albany in May 1810, 
lamented by all who knew him. 

Mary Owen, 
the beloved wife of Thomas Owen, 

lies here. 

She died on the 1st day of Jan., 1523, 
rejoicing in hope. 

Benjamin D. Packard, died May 18, 1835, aged 53 years 
10 months 1 day. And his son, Charles Packard, died 
May 17th, 1833, aged 17 years 4 months 5 days. 

Charlotte, widow of Benj. D. Packard, died Nov. 13, 1840, 
in the 52nd year of her age. 

Elizabeth Pallet, died December 3d, 1839, aged 39 years. 

Catharine Palmatier, wife of Francis L. Palmatier, died 
Sept. 16th, 1841, aged 57. 

Frances L. Palmatier, died March 13th, 1813, aged 32. 

Belinda Palmatier, died August 15th, 1834, aged 28 years 
3 months 26 days. 

Short was her race, and humble was her sphere, 
Yet was her single talent well employed, 

And length of days which Heaven denied her here 
In bliss eternal will be then enjoyed. 
26 



296 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

William C. Patrick, died March 6th, 1846, aged 1 year 

and 11 months. 
Caroline, wife of Amos C. Pennie, daughter of David and 

Hannah Wall, died Dec. 16, 1851, aged 25 years. Also, 

their infant daughter Ann. 

"They sleep, but we do not forget them." 

Ruth Jane, daughter of Henry and Ruth Jane Pennie, died 

August 6th, 1851, aged 2 months. 
Catherine Howard Penrose, died Oct. 13th, 1836, aged 2 

years 2 months 4 days. 
Charles Henry, son of Edward and Mary Perkins, aged 

13 years 11 months 16 days. 
James Edward, died July 13, 1830, aged 5 months and 3 

days. Also, Harriet E. Ann, who died Oct. 14, 1837, 

aged 18 months. 
Lucy Ann Pierce, consort of Joseph Fisk, died Sept. 18th, 

1832, aged 28. 
Geo. Pincott, died July 21st, 1832, aged 21 years 11 

months 24 days. 

Daniel Pincott, died Nov. 24th, 1842, aged 19 years. 
Martha, wife of Thomas Pincott, died April 9th, 1845, 

aged 67 years. 
Catharine, wife of John Pochin, died Jan. 1st, 1830, aged 

47 years. 
Elizabeth, widow of John Pollock, died December 14th, 

1841, aged 95. 

If God be with me, who can be against me. 
Erected by her son John Pollock. 

Robert Lewis, died July 21, 1832, aged 2 months. 
George Lewis, died Nov. 6th, 1836, aged 2 years 9 months 

25 days. Sons of John and Mary Pollock. 
Ira Porter, died March 31st, 1823, aged 48 years 2 months 

24 davs. 
John, son of Ira and Sarah Porter, died Oct. 14th, 1805, 

aged 1 year 3 months 10 days. 
James Porter, who died suddenly, February 7th, 1839, in 

the 53d year of his age. 
Charles, son of Ira and Jane E. Porter, died Feb. 27, 

1844, aged 9 months 4 days. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 297 

Sarah, daughter of Ira and Jane E. Porter, died May 3d, 

1851, aged 3 years 1 month. 
Alice Ann, daughter of Margaret Pownie, died November 

12, 1828, aged 10 months 5 days. 
Ten Eyck Quackenboss, Printer, died February 26th, 

1845, aged 25 years 11 months. 
Ellen, daughter of John and Jane Reed, died June 2nd, 

1835, aged 2 years 2 months. 

Sarah Reed, died Aug. 20th, 1852, aged 69 years. 

Amor Richardson, died July 12th, 1837, in the 63d year 
of his age. 

Mary Richardson, relict of the above, died April 15th, 
1844, aged 67 years. 

William Rigby, died Feb. 12, 1826, aged 77 years, 10 
months 21 days. 

Samuel Robbins, died October 18th, 1837, aged 50 years. 

Henry Sanford, son of Nathan Sanford, born 16th Febru- 
ary, 1816, died 19th July 1832. 

Caroline, daughter of Edwin and Dinah Scace, died April 
8, 1828, aged 4 years 4 months 4 days. 

William Scott, January 6th, 1829, aged 56 years 8 months 

10 days. 

Nancy, wife of William Scott, died Dec., 27, 1828, aged 

48 years 3 months and 17 days. 
John Scudder, M. D., died Jan. 4th, 1845, in the 36th year 

of his age. 
Levi Sexton, died Jan. 22nd, 1830, aged 33 years 3 

months 21 days. 
Thomas Shepherd, died June 20th, 1814, aged 38 years 

12 days. 
Phoebe Shepherd, wife of Thomas Shepherd, died Dec. 1st, 

1836, in the 59th year of her age. 

Wm. Shepherd, died'February 27, 1819, aged 15 y. 6 mo. 
Robert Shepherd, son of George and Sarah Shepherd, died 

llth March, 1838, aged 19 years 11 months 11 days. 
Eliza M. Shepherd, died April 9th, 1840, aged 41 years. 
David, son of Matthew and Harriet Sheridan, born July 

14th, 1828, died Oct. 23d, 1849, aged 21 years 3 months 

1 1 days. 

Mathew Sheridan, died Sept. 1849, aged 56 years 9 m 



298 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions, 

Sarah, daughter of John and Rachel Simpson, died Sept. 

llth, 1834, aged 1 year 1 month. 
In memory of Rachel, wife of John Simpson, died Sept. 

9th, 1837, aged 37 years. 
Julia M. Simpson, died September 4th, 1843, aged 4 

years. 

John Skerritt, died March 12, 1329, in his 69th year. 
Hannah Straw, wife of Thomas Smith, born Aug. 3rd, 

1796, died July 17th, 1846. 

Thomas Smith, died Sept. 27th, 1829, aged 33 years. 
Also, Sarah, his daughter, died Jan. 10th, 1830, aged 5 

years 7 months. 
Henry Smith, died Dec. 17th, 1825, aged 41 years 11 

months 17 days. 
Alexander Smith, of the city of Hudson, who was drowned 

in the Albany Basin, on the 6th April, 1829, aged 49 

years. 
Wm. Smith, born in Morill, Donegal, Ireland, died July 

31, 1840 aged 60 years. 

Behold he taketh away, who can hinder him, who can say unto him 
what doest thou? 

Maria Howe, 
wife of Richard Smith, 

died Dec. 1st, 1851, 
in the 57th year of her age. 
I would not live always, no, welcome the tomb, 
Since Jesus hath lain there, I dread not its gloom, 
There sweet be my rest, till he bid me arise, 
To hail him in triumph, descending the skies. 

John B. Southwick, died June 23, 1833, aged 27 years 6 
months 20 days. 

Solomon Southwick, died Nor. 18, 1839, aged 65 years 
10 months 24 days. Also, Francis M. Southwick, died 
Oct. 21, 1821, aged 29 years 9 days. 

Arthur Southwick, died Dec. 10, 1845, aged 32. 

Sacred to the Memory of Presedentia Sparks, who de- 
parted this life November, 14th, 1837, aged 3 years. 

John Spencer, died August 13th, 1824, in his 44th year. 

Henry Spencer, died August 20th, 1823, aged 75. 

John Spencer Kimball, son of Alba and Lydia Kimball, 
died July 17th, 1825, aged 1 year 10 days. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 299 

John Peter, son of John and Mary Ann Spencer, died 

Dec. 17, 1841, aged 2 years 8 months. 
Joseph Henry Spencer, who died July 31st, 1842, aged 1 

year 4 months. 

They were lovely and pleasant in their lives, 
And in their death they were not divided. 

James Sprinks, died January 12th, 1811, aged 34 years, 

a native of Great Britain. 
Helen Ann, daughter of Dr. B. P. and Maria Staats, who 

died August 18th, 1821, aged 2 years 6 months 1 day. 
Maria Gourlay, wife of Dr. B. P. Staats, who died August 

16th, 1825, aged 23 years 7 months and 20 days. 
Maria A. Winne, wife of Dr. B. P. Staats, who died May 

9th, 1830, aged 25 years 3 months. 
Arthur G., son of Joab and Amelia Stafford, died July 

13th, 1849, aged 18 years. 
Amelia Gibbons, wife of Joab Stafford, died March 7th, 

1843, aged 35 years. 
Mrs. Hannah Stafford, relict of Wm. Job Stafford, died 

22nd March, 1827, aged 60 years. 
John Stanwix, son of George and Jane Stanwix, died 

Sept. 24th, 1847, aged 39 years 1 month 3 days. 
Geo. Stanwix, died October 8th, 1836, aged 61 years 5 

months 8 days. 
Jane, wife of Geo. Stanwix, died Oct. 15, 1825, aged 58 

years 6 months 15 days. 
Mary Ann, wife of A. N. Starks, died July 14th, 1838, 

aged 32 years. 
Also, Mary Ann Starks, died Aug. 7th, 1831, aged 1 year 

14 days. 
Amy Amanda, daughter of A. N. and Mary Ann Starks, 

died Aug. llth, 1838, aged 6 weeks. 
Mary, wife of Benjamin Stebbins, died 22nd April, 1811, 

aged 38 years. 

Daniel D. Stone, 

who died April 6th, 1843, 

aged 32 years 8 months 24 days. 

Erected by his brother Geo. Stone. 

Elizabeth Stephen, wife of Charles J. Taylor, died Oct. 
1st, 1829, in the 29th year of her age. 



300 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 




The Taylor Monument. 

Here lie the remains of 

Mary Richmond, 
Born May 13th, 1796, died March 14th, 1843, 

.consort of 
John Taylor, 

who erects this deserved tribute to her memory. 
Stranger tread lightly on this dust, 

Nor desecrate this grave, 
Tho' death destroy, and worms may feast, 

Her noble soul has gone to rest 
Sweetly sleeps her rising dust, 
To the resurrection of the just. 

In memory of 

Mary Jane, aged 16 months, 1824. 
Anna Maria, 3 months, 1829, 
Jane Elizabeth, 1 mo., 1836. 
Daughters of John and Mary Taylor. 
Ah! Death, could not your shaft then spare 
Those rose buds of innocence so fair, 
To spread their fragrance. Ah! so must all 
Bow to the stroke, when God doth call. 
Sleep on sweet babes, embalmed you are, 
With bleeding hearts and many a tear. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 301 

In memory of 

Phceby Taylor, 

born January 2nd, 1755, 

died July 10th, 1834. 

Her 

only surviving son 

in remembrance of her virtues, 

Pays this tribute to 

Embalm her worth. 

Her flesh shall slumber on the ground 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 
When bursting forth with sweet surprise, 
She to her Saviour's presence flies. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Taylor, died April 14, 1830, 

aged 24 years. 
Eliza Cosgrave, wife of James Taylor, died 12th Nov., 

1833, aged 27 years; also, Charlotte Taylor, their 

daughter, aged 11 weeks, and infant son aged three 

weeks. 

Elisha Taylor, died July 9th, 1837, aged 7 years. 
Richard Taylor, died May 6th, 1851, aged 53 years. 
Sarah Ann Taylor, died July 7th, 1837, aged 9 years. 
Sarah Baker Taylor, died December 31st, 1847, aged 52 

years. 

J. S. T., England. 
Joseph Thirkell, Senr., a native of Old England, from the 

town of Staindrope, in the county of Durham, died 7th 

July, 1810, in the 63d year of his age. 
William, son of Thomas and James Tilt, died January 

20th, 1840, aged 3 years 3 months 5 days. 
Also, Sarah Jane, daughter of Thomas and James Tilt, 

died March 2nd, 1843, 2 years and 8 days. 
Levi Thomas, died August 24th, 1850, aged 46 years 2 

months 6 days. 
Robert, son of Robert and Elizabeth Todd, died August 

8th, 1830, aged 14 years, 2 months 21 days. 

One only son. what pleasure bright, 

His joyful birth did give, 
He's gone, his parents chief delight, 

To moulder in the grave. 



302 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Jane Maria Todd, died Oct. 8th, 1837, aged 25 years 30 

days. 
Catherine Eliza Todd, died June llth, 1839, aged 24 

years 10 months 15 days. 
Miss Mary Ann Torrey, born July 18th, 1814, in Georgia, 

Vermont. 

A teacher in Cedar Hill Female Seminary; 

A member of the Presbyterian Church, Mount Joy, 

Pa. ; one of the victims in the wreck of the 

Steamboat Swallow, on the night of 

April 7th, 1845. 

Mary, wife of Benjamin Tullidge, died August 15th, 1831, 

aged 48 years. Native of England. 
Cornelia Turbos, died March 30th, 1802, aged 67 years 3 

months 17 days. 
Hannapp, daughter of Rev. John Usher, of Bristol, Rhode 

Island, and wife of James Robechaux, died June 6th, 

1806, aged 41 years 3 months. 
Caroline, wife of Michael Vanderhoff, died Jan. 31st, 1840, 

aged 57 years 1 month 16 days. 
Hannahe, wife of Michael Vanderhoff, 26 years 5 months 

14 days. 

Also, her son James Henry, aged 2 months 27 days. 
In memory of William Van Antwerp, Esq., died April 

22d, 1829, in the 31st year of his age. 
Margaret Van Buren, wife of Peter Van Buren, died Aug. 

18, 1832, in the 46th year of her age. 

" O Grave, where is thy victory, 
O Death, where is thy sting!" 

George Vernon, died 28th June, 1830, aged 31. 

John Vernor, died Dec. 1st, 1825, aged 79 years, 2 months 

13 days. 

John Vernor, jun., died 4th March, 1832, aged 51 years. 
Prudence, wife of John Vernor, died June 20, 1846, in 

the 77th year of her age. 

Elizabeth Wakefield, died April 13th, 1843, aged 66 years. 
Also, her daughter Eliza Wakefield, who died Jan. 1st, 

1839, aged 29 years. 
Martha Maria Waldron, died January 25th, 1842, aged 4 

years 11 months. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 303 

Amos T. Walker, Burke County, Georgia, died 20th June, 
1832, aged 32 years. 

Peace to his ashes. 

Elizabeth Walker, died 2nd February, 1820, aged 56. 
Samuel Waterman, died Aug. 21, 1835, aged 45 years 4 

months 17 days. 

James Waugh, who died Feb. 1st, 1825, in his 45th year. 
Also, Frances Waugh, daughter of James and Elizabeth 

Waugh, who died Feb. 2nd, 1842, in her 29th year. 

This stone my name and age contains, 
Beneath it lies my last remains, 
My soul at rest all heaven doth view, 
I've left my love and prayers for you, 
Dear friends remember me, Adieu. 

Henry Y. Webb, died March 20th, 1835, aged 4 months 

16 days. 

Jennet Webb, wife of Henry Y. Webb, Jr., and daughter 
of Edward and Margaret Kirkpatrick, died Dec. 19th, 
1839, aged 29 years 5 months 12 days. 
Thomas K. Webb, died Nov. 25th, 1836, aged 1 year 24 

days. 
Emma, wife of Milton L. Webster, died Feb. 19th, 1848, 

aged 21 years 10 days. 
Fanny Wells, died May 9th, 1805, in the 26th year of her 

age. 
Mrs. Hannah Wells, consort of Israel Wells, died 15th 

May 1817, aged 61 years. 

William S. Wells, died Feb. 28th, 1821, aged 51 years; 
also, his wife Elizabeth, who died Dec. 23, 18 19, in the 
40th year of her age. 

In memory of 
Nancy Barber, 

consort of 

James Wesley, 

born in Woodford, in the county 

of Cheshire, England, 

the 9th May, 1793, 
died in Albany 17th May, 1834. 

William Weston, died August 13, 1835, aged 72 years. 
Smith Wheeler, died September 17th, 1828, in the 44th 
year of his age. 



304 Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

The Tomb 

of 
JOHN WHI PPL E , 

who was murdered 
at Cherry Hill, March 7th, 1827. 

With deadly aim the bullet sped, 
Prone to the earth the guiltless victim fell, 
Life's brittle cord had brcke, his spirit fled, 
Urged hence unwarned its brief account to tell. 

Industry, 
energy, and perse verence in business, 

the fulfillment of 
every duty pertaining to his 

social and domestic life, 
and a solemn sense of his obligations 

to his Creator, 
characterised the life 
and conduct of the 
lamented Whipple. 



Erected by his brother 
Barnum Whipple. 

John Whipple, was born 
at Sunderland, Vermont, 

August llth, 1793. 

His father Ezra Whipple, 

was an officer in the 

Revolutionary War. 

He was shot by Jesse Strang, 

about 9 o'clock in the evening, 

thro' the back window of his apartment, 

where he sat at a table writing, 

unconscious and guiltless 

of provocation or offence. 

The ball passed thro' his body, 

and he lived only to exclaim, 

.Oh! Lord, 

and expired 

in the 34th year of his age. 

The murderer 
confessed he had meditated the deed 

for six months. 

He suffered the punishment of the law, 
August 24, 1827. 

Catharine Abigal Whipple, who departed this life Feb. 8th, 
1833, aged 18 years 9 months. 



Episcopal Burial Ground Inscriptions. 305 

Richard White, died September 14th, 1805, aged 52 years. 

George son of William and Catherine Wilcox, died Oct. 
12, 1849, aged 1 year 5 months. 

Deborah, wife of John A. Wilson, died July 31st, 1836, 
aged 39 years. 

Levina Augusta, daughter of John A., and Deborah Wil- 
son, died November 29th, 1838, aged 18 years 11 months 
and 20 days. 

Matthew Gregory Wing, son of Dr. J. A. and Mary Wing, 
died 25th Dec., 1824, 1 year 4 months 19 days. 

James Wing, died 30th Nov., 1824, aged 1 month 27 days. 

Lydia Wing, daughter of Dr. J. A. and Mary Wing, who 
died Feb. 27th, 1831, aged 11 months. 

Mary Gregory, wife of Dr. Joel A. Wing, died 5th Sept., 

1837, aged 45 years. 

Captain Oresmus Whipple, son of Col. William Whipple, 
who died at Albany, November 3, 1838, aged 32 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Winne, died July 9th, 1838, aged 
26 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jas. Wood, daughter of John Gill, died 
March 27th, 1814, aged 32 years 10 months 26 days. 

Mrs. Betsy Wood, died Jan. 5th, 1845, aged 58 years. 

John Wright, died Oct. 18th, 1844, aged 55 years. 

Elizabeth Brooks, wife of John Wright, died March 18, 

1838, in the 44th year of her age. 

Amelia Caroline, infant daughter of John and Charlotte 
Wyatt, died July 16, 1841, aged 1 year 11 months. 

To Ellen, 
The beloved wife of F. H. Wyse, 

died 1850, aged 23 years. 

Also, our little 

Mary and Caroline. 

"The trumpet shall sound and the dead shall arise." 

Monroe Yager, died June 27th, 1850, aged 23 months. 
Hannah, wife of Robert Youd, died Oct. 22nd, 1834, aged 

65 years. 
Margaret, wife of Francis Youngs, died July 25th, 1829, 

in her 55th year. 



( 306 ) 

NOTES FKOM THE NEWSPAPERS. 

Continued from vol. iii, p. 198. 



1798. 

Museum. A museum is now established in this city, 
and is open for inspection at the corner of Green and 
Beaver streets, opposite Mr. Denniston's Tavern, every 
day, Sundays excepted, from 9 o'clock in the morning, 
till 9 at night. It contains a number of living animals. 

Jan. 2. The legislature met; Dirk Ten Broeck was 
elected speaker of the house of assembly by 59 votes, his 
opponent, Denning, receiving 42. James Van Ingen, ano- 
ther citizen, received a unanimous election as clerk. 
Robert McClallen, a merchant of note, was appointed 
treasurer in the place of Gerard Banker, who had filled 
the office many years. 

March 12. Phillip Van Rensselaer, of Cherry Hill, died. 

April 2. Arie La Grange, a much respected citizen, 
died, and was interred in the Dutch cemetery. 

The partnership of Gould, Dickinson & Co. is this day 
dissolved by mutual consent. All persons indebted to 
said partnership are requested to make immediate pay- 
ment. BENJ. DICKINSON, JOB GOULD, THOS. GOULD. 

The business is continued at the same stand, No. 13 
Court street. May 7, 1798. JOB GOULD. 

June 17. Robert Lewis died, aged 74. 

June 21. During the session of the classis of the Re- 
formed Protestant Dutch Church in Albany, Coenradt 
Ten Eyck, Robert McDowell, Abraham Brockaw, and 
John B. Romeyn, were licensed as candidates for the mi- 
nistry; and in the evening Mr. McDowell was ordained. 
The ceremony took place in the old Dutch Church ; ordi- 
nation sermon by the Rev. Christian Bork, of Schodack 
and Bethlehem ; the Rev. John Bassett presided, and gave 
the charge. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 307 

Notice. A general meeting of the citizens of Albany 
and its vicinity is requested at the City Hall on Wed- 
nesday, the 16th inst., at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, to 
take into consideration the present alarming state of our 
country, and to adopt such resolutions as the importance 
of the subject shall require. May 11, 1798. 

This meeting passed resolutions complimentary of the 
administration of John Adams, and deprecatory of the 
French system of spoliations which was practiced upon 
American commerce. The resolutions were forwarded 
to the president, who replied to them. (See vol. iii., p. 
190.) 

Jacob Lorillard opened a store of Tobacco, Snuff and 
Leather, second door east of the Low Dutch Church, 
State street. 

The votes for Jay in Albany county were 1639 ; for 
Livingston, 335. In Rensselaer county 1119 to 510, by 
which it appears that Rensselaer county polled only 345 
votes less than Albany county. The vote in New 
York was 1060 to 793. Total vote of the state, Jay, 
16,012; Livingston, 13,634. Majority for Jay, 2378. 

Sept. 8. Donald McDonald, lately from London, now 
at No. 13 Court street, introduced " the new Brutus wig, 
worn by gentlemen of the latest fashion in London." 

Sept. 10. It is with the most heartfelt satisfaction, 
says a writer in the Gazette, that we can inform our 
brethren of the Roman Catholic faith, that their church in 
this city is so near completed as to be under roof, glazed 
and floored (fire proof). That it is a neat building, and 
will be an ornament to the city, and a lasting blessing to all 
who are members in communion of that church. To the 
citizens in general of this city and its vicinity, and several 
of the other cities of the United States and Canada, the 
sincere prayers of the members of this church are due for 
their liberality in aiding to erect it. Such of our Catho- 
lic brethren in this neighborhood as have riot already con- 
tributed, it is hoped will now come forward and offer their 
mite to discharge the last payment of the contract, there 
being but a small sum in hand for that purpose. To give 
to the church, is itnot to lend to the Lord, who will 
26 



308 Notes from the Newspapers. 

richly repay the liberal giver with many blessings ? Should 
not all the members unitedly raise their voices in praise 
to God, who has cast their lot in this good land, where 
our church is equally protected with others, and where 
we all so bountifully partake of his goodness ? What is 
man without religion, which teaches us the love of God 
and our neighbor, and to be in charity with all mankind ? 
Surely without this he is nothing. 

1799. 

Henry I. Bogart advertised for proposals for the con- 
struction of an arsenal on the lot originally purchased for 
a state prison, in the north part of the city. [This was 
the first step towards the erection of the State Arsenal, 
on Broadway in the seventh ward.] 

A deputation of Cayuga chiefs'arrived in town, em- 
powered by their tribe to treat with the government for 
the sale of all their remaining lands in this state. 

The legislature incorporated the Cherry Valley Turn- 
pike Company, by "An act to establish a turnpike corpo- 
ration for improving the state road from the house of 
John Weaver in Watervliet to Cherry Valley, and to re- 
peal the act therein mentioned." The first commissioners 
were William North, John Taylor, Abraham Ten Eyck, 
Charles R. Webster, Calvin Cheeseman, Zenas Perno, 
Ephraim Hudson, Joseph White, Elihu Phinney, and Thos. 
Machin. Also a law incorporating a company for im- 
proving the road and establishing a turnpike from Lebanon 
Springs to Albany. 

The vote for senators in Albany county was as follows : 

Moses Vail, 1481 I Zina Hitchcock, 1443 

Ebenezer Russell, 1469 J Robert Yates, 282 



For Members of Assembly: 

Dirk Ten Broeck, 2764 

John V. Henry, 2789 

Joseph Shurtleff, 179'J 

Jacob Winne, 2641 

Philip Conine, jr 2358 



Francis Nicoll, 2473 

Johan Jost Deitz, 2444 

James Bill, 2596 

Prince Doty, 2643 

Jer. Van Rensselaer, jr. 1069 



The first nine were elected. The last, Mr. Van Rens- 



Notes from the Newspapers. 309 

selaer, was the opponent of Mr; Shurtleff, of Schenectady. 
Two other candidates also had opponents. 

May 17. The Western Inland Lock Navigation Com- 
pany declared a dividend of 3 per cent. 

June 21. Never do we recollect to have seen so much 
Lumber on our shores, or of a better quality, than at 
the present time. Wheat is 14s cash, and rising. The 
Hessian fly is making its ravages in our wheat fields, and 
in some parts of Montgomery county the most promising 
crops are already totally cut off. 

The Common Council resolved to prohibit all breaches 
of the sabbath, under the act for suppressing immorality, 
as follows : 

Resolved, That the constables in this city be and they 
are hereby required, on every Sunday hereafter, to stop 
all manner of persons who shall be riding for pleasure, 
or who may expose any articles for sale on that day con- 
trary to the act for suppressing immorality; and that 
they report the names of aggressors, on every Monday 
morning, to the mayor or recorder, to be proceeded 
against according to law. 

The obstruction in the Hudson between Troy and Lan- 
singburgh, occasioned by what was called the lower reef, 
was overcome by a channel 30 feet wide and 5 feet deep 
at low water, so that taking advantage of the tides it 
was thought vessels carrying 2000 bushels of wheat 
might pass without difficulty. It was confidently ex- 
pected to render the navigation as good above Troy as 
below. 

In June, 1797, the Managers of the N. Y. State Road Lot- 
tery, advertised their scheme No. 1, consisting of 6,458 
prizes, amounting to $125,000, and 18,542 blanks, mak- 
ing 25,000 tickets, at $5 each. The prizes were subject 
to a deduction of 15 per cent. The drawing was adver- 
tised to commence at Albany immediately after the sale 
of the tickets should be completed, which, considering 
that the object of the lottery was one of great public 
utility, and claimed the encouragement of the citizens of 
the state in general, it was confidently expected would 



310 Notes from the Newspapers. 

be very speedy. But it was not till the 14th of May 
1799, that the drawing commenced, and continued forty- 
two days. 

The expenses for lighting the city and for a night 
watch amounted to 625 16s., and the revenue for the 
same 146 14s. 4d., leaving a deficit of 479:1:8. The 
total deficits in the revenue for the last five years for 
lighting the city and for night watch, amounted to 844 
7s. Id. ($2110-88). 

A collection was made in the Dutch Reformed church 
at each of the three services, for the relief of the dis- 
tressed citizens of New York, by reason of the yellow 
fever, which produced $247. 

A collection during the afternoon service in St. Peter's 
church produced $107'87. Two collections in the Presby- 
terian church the same day produced $201. Total $555 '87. 

Abraham Ten Broeck resigned his offices of president 
of the Bank of Albany, and mayor of the city. Philip 
S. Van Rensselaer was appointed to the latter, and Jere- 
miah Van Rensselaer to the former office. 

A quantity of good coffee was offered by John Bryan, 
corner of Court and Beaver streets, at 2s. Sd. per pound. 

Printing Types. For sale by Thomas Spencer, very 
low for cash, or on short credit for approved security, a 
valuable Printing office, complete, very little worn, con- 
sisting of Long Primer, Small Pica, Pica, Great Primer, 
Double English, Script, Canon, Five Line Pica, Flowers 
assorted, Mahogony Press, Chases, composing sticks, 
Stands, Galleys, Letter Boards, Rules, and almost every 
necessary article belonging to a Printing office. 

A loaf of superfine wheat flour to weigh 12 oz. for six 
pence. A loaf of common or tail flour to weigh one 
pound for 6d. 

Barber & Southwick opened a circulating library, at a 
yearly subscription of $4; folios 2s., 4tos Is. 6d., 8vos. 
8 cts., and 12mos. 6 cts., per week: had 400 vols. 

William Fowler informed his friends and the public 
that he had for sale at his shop, No. 9 Court street, the 
following articles, viz: Leather Breeches, warranted to 
be good; buck and sheep skins, dressed; gloves, mittens, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 311 

mocasins; and every other article in his line, either ready 
made or furnished on the shortest notice, on reasonable 
terms. A consignment of 400 Racoon skins ; a variety 
of Paper Hangings kept constantly on hand at the New 
York prices. 

Painting and Engraving. The subscriber begs leave 
to inform his friends and the public that he has removed 
his shop from Mark lane to Washington street, at the 
sign of Raphael's bust, and solicits the patronage of the 
admirers of the fine arts. The painting of Portraits, 
Miniatures, Hair Devices, Standards, &c., will be execut- 
ed in the most elegant taste and style; also Freemason's 
aprons, sashes, and ornamental paintings in general, done 
in the best manner, and on the most reasonable terms, 
&e., &c. EZRA AMES. 

A law to regulate the assize of bread, passed the 
Common Council, accompanied by a schedule for graduat- 
ing the price, and every baker detected in selling light 
bread subjected himself to a fine of $1 for every loaf 
found to be light of weight. By this schedule, when 
wheat was 6s. a bushel, a loaf of bread of inspected wheat 
flour was to weigh 3/6. loz. 8dr., for 6d.; of common 
flour 3/6. 1 loz. 8 dr. 

At Sd. 2/6. 5oz and 2/6. 120*. 8dr. 
10 1 13 8dr 238 

12 188 1 13 8 

14 150 198 

15 138 178 
20 14 8 118 

and all intermediate prices in proportion. 

It appears by advertisements annually inserted in the 
papers that a fair was held annually in the fall by di- 
rection of the Common Council. No notice was taken 
of them by the papers. 

The Directors of the First Company of the Great 
Western Turnpike Road, advertised for proposals for 
constructing the road from the Schoharie creek west- 
ward; the road to be 28 feet wide, the arch 20 feet; "and 
to be made of stone, gravel, or such other hard substance 
as will secure a firm foundation and an even surface ; 



312 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



and the hills to he so dug down, as to render an easy 
passage for loaded carriages." Also proposals for build- 
ing a bridge across the Schoharie creek, at the place at 
which the State bridge formerly stood, by the first day of 
November, 1800. The notice is signed by " Charles R. 
Webster, Secretary of said company." This turnpike ap- 
pears to have been constructed upon the old State road. 
The citizens of Hudson were also on the alert to have a 
road to intersect this turnpike, to lead the trade from the 
west to their village. They had already subscribed the 
stock in a road to meet the Massachusetts and Connecti- 
cut turnpikes, thus forming a convenient route from Bos- 
ton to the far west. 

Valuation of Real and Personal Property in the County 
of Albany: 



Towns. 


Real. 


Personal. 


Total. 


Tax. 


Tax- 
able. 




1st Ward, 
2d " 
3d " 

Total, 


$816,952 
275,687 
339,178 


$154,157^ 
104,998 
155,734 


$971, 109* 
380,685 
494,912 


$686 
268 
348 


$635 
420 
204 




1,431,817 
899,911^ 
1,041,552! 
516,738$ 
288,599 
344,691 
510,454 
341,437| 
645,447| 
144,183| 
342,805i 


414,889i 
244,680 
205,377 
81,378 
50,112 
53,471 
43,007 
52,395 
101,407 
16,486 
42,997 


1,846,706^ 
1,144,5911 
1,246,9203 
598,116^ 
338,711 
398,162 
353,461 
393,832| 
746,8543 
160,669* 
385,802 


1302 
805 
880 
422 
238 
280 
248 
277 
527 
113 
271 


1259 
987 
821 
604 
395 
565 
551 
460 
800 
127 
662 


752 
882 
516 
404 
325 
389 
532 
341 
589 

i 456 


Schenectada, . . . 
Watervliet, .... 
Bethlehem, .... 
Duanesburgh, . . 
Bern 


Rensselaerville, 
Coeymans, .... 
Coxsackie, .... 
Princetown, . . . 
Freehold, 


6,307,638* 


l,306,199i 


7,613,838 


5363 


7341 


5186 



The state tax was one mill on the dollar. 

In addition to the state and county taxes, the city of 
Albany was assessed $4,184 for the support of a night 
watch, the city lamps, the maintenance of the poor, and 
the ordinary town charges, including moneys to be raised 
for the support of common schools. 

News of the death of Washington reached the city Of 



Notes from the Newspapers. 313 

Albany on the 23d December, and the Common Council 
resolved that the bells be tolled from three to five o'clock 
in the afternoon, and that the members of the board wear 
crape for the space of six weeks. The churches were 
dressed in mourning, and preparations were made by all 
the military and civic societies for celebrating a funeral 
procession on a magnificent scale. 

Gaine & Ten Eyck, advertise Books, Powder and Lot- 
tery Tickets. [They came to the city from New York in 
1796.] 

1800. 

Jan. 9. On Thursday, the 9th of January, the citi- 
zens with one accord devoted the day to the funeral so- 
lemnities, closing their shops, and suspending all business 
for the purpose. It was one of the greatest pageants 
ever exhibited in the city. Civic. Military and Masonic 
societies, Law, Physic and Divinity, everything turned 
out on the occasion that ever was heard of before, and 
much came from abroad. 

The directors of the Western Inland Lock Navigation 
company met on the 30th December, 1799, when the ca- 
nals and locks at Little Falls, German Flatts, and Fort 
Stanwix being completed, and no further work of im- 
portance intended to be prosecuted, it was found expe- 
dient to provide money to discharge the debt due the 
banks, for which purpose it was estimated that ten pounds 
($25) on each share would be sufficient ; and that sum 
was accordingly assessed. 

The Legislature of the State, then sitting at Albany, 
resolved to commemorate the virtues and talents of the 
late General Washington, by setting apart the 22d day 
of February, his birthday, to be observed in a religious 
manner. The Rev. Messrs. Nott, Johnson, Ellison and 
Bassett were chosen chaplains for the session, and it was 
recommended that they should choose one from among 
their number to pronounce a sermon on the occasion. 

Feb. 29. The Gazette contains five advertisements 
for the sale of negro slaves, which is quite an unusual 



314 Notts from the Newspapers. 

number. Such advertisements being entirely out of date 
at this day, have an interest only as an obsolete custom. 

A Negro Soy for Sale. He is about 13 years old, 
smart and active; will answer best for the country. 
Price forty pounds. Enquire of the printers. 

To be Sold, a Negro Boy, for the term of 14 years, at 
which period he is to go free. He is ten years old, very 
active, lively, and honest. His master is forced to dis- 
pose of him only because the little fellow can not please 
every person in the house. Price 60 pounds. 

For Sale, a Healthy, Strong Negro Boy, 14 years old, 
well calculated for a farmer, or attending in a family. 
Apply to the printer. 

To be disposed of, the services of a likely young negro 
man, for 8 years. He can be recommended as sober and 
honest. Enquire of the printers. 

A Likely Negro Wench, 16 years of age, for sale very 
cheap. She understands cooking, and all kinds of 
kitchen work ; and will be recommended for honesty and 
sobriety. Enquire of the printers. 

In conformity with the recommendation of Congress, 
a funeral ceremony in memory of Washington was per- 
formed in the city. At nine o'clock in the morning an 
oration was delivered in the Catholic church by Rev. 
Matthew O'Brien. At 1 1 o'clock a procession was formed 
at the City Hall, composed of the executive and judi- 
cial officers of the state, both houses of the legislature, 
the corporation and citizens, which moved through State 
and Pearl streets to the North Dutch church, where a 
sermon was delivered by Rev. John B. Johnson, Rev. 
Messrs. Bassett and Nott assisting in the exercises. In 
the afternoon an oration was pronounced by Major Mi- 
chael Gabriel Houdin in the City Hall to a very numerous 
audience. 

John Given, who had long been sheriff of Albany 
county was succeeded by Harmanus P. Schuyler. 

By the census of 1800, the population of the city and 
county of Albany, including the city of Schenectady, 
which then belonged to it, was 34,043. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 3l5 

1801. 

A bill passed the Legislature for erecting a part of the 
counties of Ulster and Albany into a new county, forming 
the present county of Greene, comprising 4 towns, Wind- 
ham, Freehold, Catskill, Coxsackie. 

An act to amend the act entitled an act to establish a 
turnpike corporation for improving the road from the 
Springs in Lebanon to the city of Albany; and a like 
corporation for improving the road from the village of 
Bath to the Massachusetts line, and for repealing the act 
therein mentioned. 

An act for dividing the first ward in the city of Al- 
bany. 

An act for raising a sum of money by tax to make al- 
terations and repairs in the jail of the city and county of 
Albany, and for other purposes. 

The votes for Governor and Lieutenant Governor in the 
city and county stood as follows : 

Stephen Van Rensselaer (fed,) - 2133 I J. Watson (fed. Lt. GOT.) - - - 2048 
George Clinton (dem.) .... 705 | Jer. Van Rensselaer (dem.) - - 789 

Since the last election, the county of Greene had been 
erected, embracing a part of the towns in Albany county, 
which now consisted of the cities of Albany and Sche- 
nectady and the towns of Bethlehem, Watervliet, Rens- 
selaerville, Bern, Duanesburgh, Princetown, Coeymans. 

The total number of votes cast for Governor, was 
46,221. Clinton received 24,808, Van Rensselaer 20,843. 

May 12. Tontine Coffee House. Mat. Gregory, from 
the village of Waterford, has taken the Tontine Coffee 
House, State street, in the city of Albany. He has also 
provided himself with a large yard, stable, &c., for hor- 
ses and carriages, for convenience of the gentleman 
traveller. The house has been kept for three years past 
by Mr. Ananias Platt, and will be open and ready to 
wait on those who may be pleased to call on him, the 
15th inst. Every attention in his line of business shall 
be strictly attended to, by the public's humble servant. 

MAT. GREGORY. 

[Mr. Gregory died in the year 1848.] 



316 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Daniel Steele advertised as just printed, The Allany 
Collection of Sacred Harmony, containing a plain, and in- 
telligible instruction for learners of church music; to- 
gether with a lesson for every mood of time, and for 
every key made use of in psalmody. 

For Sale. That elegant fire proof House and Stores, 
corner of State and Market streets, now in the possession 
of Messrs. Andrew Brown & Co. The building is 38 ft. 
6 in. breadth on Market street, and 64 ft. 6in. on State 
street with excellent cellars 7 feet high under the whole, 
and a spacious garret. The house on Market street is 
three stories high with 13 rooms; the stores on State 
street are five stories high, four of which are partitioned 
for wheat, and may contain each from 3 to 4000 bushels. 
The stonewalls are more than three feet thick, and the 
brick walls are two and a half bricks thick up to the 
roof, with three partition walls. The whole was built in 
the summer of 1795, of entire hard bricks, to the num- 
ber of about 450,000. The very best materials have 
been employed, and the best masons and carpenters the 
country could afford. The situation is certainly the best 
and most eligible one in the city for business, being in the 
centre of trade, within sight and pistol shot of the dock, 
and when the Dutch church is removed, which it is 
supposed must very shortly take place, it will increase 
the value of the property greatly, as it will then com- 
mand a full prospect of State street, through which all 
the travellers from the western country come to town. 

A law was passed by the Common Council " for filling 
up Church street, parts of Lydius, Van Schee, Westerlo, 
and Sturgeon streets, and parts of Bass and Herring 
lanes, and all the lots from Court street westward to Dal- 
lius street, and from Ferry street northward to the north 
bounds of the church pasture." 

On Saturday, July 11, Gov. Clinton and his family ar- 
rived in Albany, and took up their residence at the house 
recently occupied by Gov. Jay. A salute of cannon from 
Fort Hill, announced his arrival. [The house occupied 
by these two governors was the site of Nos. 66 and 68 
State street, instead of 62, as stated in a previous volume. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 317 

On Wednesday, Oct. 5th, at eleven o'clock in the 
forenoon, the corner stone of the foundation of the United 
Presbyterian church in this city, was laid by the Rev. 
John McDonald, in presence of the trustees and ecclesi- 
astical officers of the congregation. After the stone was 
fixed, accompanied by three strokes of the hammer, these 
words were added : " In the name of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, the king and head of the church, we solemnly 
place this stone, the corner foundation of a sacred edi- 
fice, for the public worship of God, an expression of the 
piety of the United Presbyterian church in Albany. 
Amidst considerable opposition from some, and en- 
couraged by the generous liberality of others, this infant 
society, though neither distinguished for their numbers or 
their wealth, has undertaken this expensive work, with 
full dependence on God. United in faith and affection, 
in pursuit and prospect they look to God for success," &c. 

Several brethren of the order of Hospitallers of St. Ca- 
millus de Lilies, from the St. Bernard, arrived in the city, 
to obtain pecuniary assistance to enable them to continue 
the exercise of those acts of benevolence for which they 
had so long been celebrated. They stated that the mer- 
chants of Switzerland and Italy had formerly contributed 
sufficient sums annually for all their wants; but that the 
wars for the last few years had not only cut off their in- 
come, but that the contending armies had carried fire and 
sword into their vicinity, and that all trade between Italy 
and Switzerland had ceased. In this posture of their 
affairs, the venerable prior of the order. Father Ignatius 
Sperzoni, had sent several of his order to the United 
States of America to implore the assistance of its gener- 
ous inhabitants to enable them to repair the convent and 
hospital, and to continue to give assistance to the dis- 
tressed traveler and infirm poor. 

Some years previous to this, a company was incorpo- 
rated to construct a turnpike road from Albany to Sche- 
nectady. It was the first essay made in this state to 
build a turnpike. In consequence, the law was defective, 
and the sandy nature of the soil, and the difficulty of 
obtaining hard materials, were considered insurmountable 



318 Notes from the Newspapers. 

barriers in the way of success. The project was necessa- 
rily abandoned, and the law suffered to expire, although 
it was a complaint that the old road was the worst one 
in the United States, and very few were so much used. 
An effort was now again made to get up an excitement 
on the subject. The roads throughout the country had 
been greatly improved, and the citizens of Albany were 
called upon to secure the travel to their city before it 
should be diverted elsewhere by better roads, and lost to 
them forever. 

The Common Council fixed the price of wheat at 1 3s. 
a bushel (T63), and bread at 2lb. 130*. 8dr., for Is. of 
inspected flour, and Slbs. 7oz. of common flour for Is. 

A convention of delegates appointed to revise the con- 
stitution of the state, met at the Capitol on the 13th 
October, and chose Aaron Burr president. 

The expenditures of the year for lighting the city and 
for night watch were as follows : 

t. d. 

For 1187 gallons of oil, 319 18 4| 

Watchmen, 454 17 

Wood, candles and sweeping chimney, 17 10 

Cleaning and lighting lamps, 97 . . 7 

Repairing lamps, 57 13 4J 

Spirits turpentine and wick, 938 

Schenectady Turnpike. A meeting of citizens was 
held at the City Tavern on the 3d November, which 
was numerously attended, for the purpose of awakening 
an interest in the project of constructing a turnpike to 
Schenectady. A committee of nine was appointed to 
prepare and digest a plan to be laid before the city at an 
adjourned meeting. 

On the 10th another meeting was held to hear the re- 
port of the committee. The plan proposed was to divide 
the stock into 2000 shares of 50 dollars each. The sub- 
scription for 1400 shares was immediately opened and 
subscribed for, leaving 600 shares for the city of Sche- 
nectady. No person was allowed to subscribe more than 
ten shares, nor permitted to transfer his stock within a 
year after an act of incorporation should be obtained. 
This was to prevent speculation. Five years previous, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 319 

when a charter had been obtained, and the books opened 
for subscriptions, not a share was taken up ! 

On the 24th November a meeting of the stockholders 
was held, when the Hon. John Lansing, jr., was elected 
president of the company, and Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
Stephen Lush, Daniel Hall, John Taylor, Garret W. Van 
Schaick, Dudley Walsh, Abraham Oothout, Joseph C. 
Yates, directors. 

1802. 

Jan. 3. Divine service was performed in the new church 
belonging to the united Presbyterian congregation in this 
city. [This church edifice still occupies the corner of 
Canal and Chapel streets.] 

By a meteorological table published in the Gazette of 
Feb. 1, it appears that the lowest range of the thermome- 
ter was 10 degs., and the highest 55.^ degs. above zero. 
The winter was so remarkably mild as to have more the 
appearance of April; the river was navigable 17 days so 
that vessels passed from Albany to New York, and at no 
time was the ice strong enough for any team to pass on 
it, and not more than 1^ inches of snow fell within two 
miles of the city during the months of December and 
January. 

The highest range of the thermometer for February 
was 54 degs. ; the lowest 6 degs. below zero. 

Feb. 29. John W. Wendell, keeper of the Hotel in 
Court street, died, aged 62. 

The city and county of Albany was estimated to con- 
tain 35,000 inhabitants, Rensselaer county 30,442. 

The number of electors in the county possessed of a 
freehold of 100 value was 3,248, do. of 20, 286; do. 
renting tenements of 40s. annual value, 1476. (New 
York city, 100, 2,332; 5, 19; 40s. 5693.) 

Electors who were freemen on the 14th Oct. 1775, and 
20th April, 1777, 19; in New York, 44. 

April 12. Thomas, Andrews & Penniman gave notice 
that they had disposed of their stock in trade and closed 
their business in this city. 
28 



|g Notes from the Newspapers. 

April 20, The Associate Reformed Presbytery of 
Washington, met in the city of Albany for the purpose 
of installing the Rev. Andrew Wilson over the united con- 
gregations of Albany and Lansingburgh. 

At the election for member of Congress, and for repre- 
sentatives to the State Legislature, held in April, Killian 
K. Van Rensselaer was elected to Congress by 1306 votes, 
His opponent, Abraham C. Lansing, received 793. Ste- 
phen Lush, Peter S. Schuyler, Johan Jost Deitz, Jacob 
Ten Eyck, John Frisbie, and Maus Schermerhorn, were 
elected to the Legislature. George Tibbetts of Troy 
was elected to Congress from Rensselaer county. 

The water works company declared a dividend of 3 
per cent on the stock for the last 6 months. This com- 
pany obtained an act of incorporation Feb. 2, 1802, capi- 
tal $40,000. In 1813 it was increased $40,000, and iron 
pipes, 6 inches in diameter, laid from the creek to the re- 
servoir 

June 10. A bass of uncommon size, taken in our river, 
was yesterday brought to our market. Its weight was 
55 pounds. We believe this is the largest fish ever caught 
in the Hudson, the sturgeon alone excepted. It was 
bought by Mr. Jared Skinner for four dollars and fifty 
cents. 

The Legislature passed an act incorporating Goldsbrow 
Banyar, Abraham Ten Eyck, Abraham Ten Broeck and 
others, a body corporate and politic, by the name of the 
president, directors and company of the Albany and 
Schenectady Turnpike. The stock was fixed at 2000 
shares at $50 each. By a subsequent act this road was 
brought into the city as far as Snipe street. 

The company appropriated the revenue of the year 
1801 to facilitate a communication from the canal at Rome 
to the junction of Wood and Canada creeks, and to re- 
move the obstructions on the Onondaga and Seneca rivers, 
which it was thought would be a good investment to the 
company, and a great public accommodation. 

An ordinance passed the Common Council against 
ringing or tolling bells at funerals, for a longer time than 
twenty minutes, under a penalty of 25 dollars. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 321 

Canal. It appears that there was great difficulty in 
getting the stock paid in for this work, and that those 
who gave their energies to the work were much embar- 
rassed thereby. The state had advanced money to carry 
on the project, and this year a law was passed forfeiting 
the installments already paid in by those who had failed 
to meet the calls of the company since 1796, and invest- 
ing the state's money in the stock of the company. The 
following table of tolls was given by the Albany Centinel, 
as having been taken at Little Falls: 

In 1796 the nett toll collected was $1759'50 

1797 2350-26 

1798 2938-26 

1799 2500-24 

1800 ... 5087-43 

1801 9490-33 

The tolls for the present year were supposed to have 
doubled those of last year for the same period. The tolls 
collected at Rome had averaged about $2000 a year since 
1797. The tolls had been reduced at some points 50 per 
cent, which so far from diminishing the product, had 
tended to increase it. 

A company consisting of some of the most respectable 
moneyed men, was formed for exploring, opening and 
working coal mines, and all the necessary tools and im- 
plements prepared for prosecuting the work vigorously. 
It appears that some persons professing an acquaintance 
with coal formations, had observed indications of coal in 
this vicinity; and although attempts had before been 
made to discover it, they were supposed to have failed of 
success for want of sufficient effort. It was intended 
now to make a fair trial, and the location decided upon 
for the experiment was Wendell's creek a little to the 
west of the city, where appearances were supposed to in- 
dicate strongly that large and extensive quarries of the 
mineral would be found. 

Timothy Shalor, Money Broker, negotiated approved 
notes, payable at the Bank of Albany. 

John Jauncey also advertised that he continued to ' ; ne- 
gotiate all approved notes which had from 30, 60, or 90 days 
to run, and which are payable at the Bank of Albany." 



322 Notes from the Neicspapers. 

A contract was entered into by the Albany and Schen- 
ectady turnpike company, for clearing the track of the 
road, building fences fifty-eight feet apart, and forming an 
arch 42 feet broad, with ditches of eight feet on each 
side, for $26,000. The road was to form a perfectly 
straight line, and not to exceed in depression or eleva- 
tion, four degrees from a horizontal line, 14 miles in 
length. 

A delegation of the principal sachems and warriors of 
the Seneca nation of Indians from Buffalo creek visited 
the city and concluded a treaty by which they ceded to 
the state all the lands reserved along the Niagara river, 
including Blackrock and the carrying place at the falls ; 
an important acquisition. 

Nov. 1. The partnership between James and William 
Caldwell his son was dissolved, the latter advertising that 
" all articles in the Grocery line, and those of Caldwell, 
Fraser & Co.'s manufactory, will be sold as usual by 
William Caldwell at his store in State st." [Died 1848.] 

1803. 

The legislature incorporated a new bank in the city of 
Albany, with a capital of 500,000 dollars, under the title 
of the New York State Bank. At a meeting of the di- 
rectors on the 25th March, John Tayler was chosen 
president, and John W. Yates cashier. 

Among the acts passed by the legislature this year, 
was one " to straighten the public highway leading from 
the city of Albany to the Ballstown springs." 

Christopher Dunn gave notice that he had taken the 
tavern in Green street, formerly occupied by David Trow- 
bridge, and put the interior in thorough repair, and that 
it would be his utmost ambition to merit and preserve 
the good opinion of all those who would favor him with 
their custom. " N. B. The original stage office kept 
here." [Dunn was famous for his jokes, and his Coffee 
House was resorted to till about the year 1830, when the 
street was widened and his house was cut in two. He 
died pievious to, or about that time.] 



Notes from the Newspapers. 323 

The Albany Medical society resolved that they would 
inoculate gratis all the poor of the city for the kine pock, 
who may apply for that benefit during the season. 

A corps of comedians, calling themselves the old 
American company, gave an entertainment at the Thes- 
pian Hotel, in North Pearl street, near the corner ^>f 
Patroon, and continued their representations several 
weeks. 

The State Bank commenced business on Wednesday the 
7th of September; hours from 9 to 12, and from 2 to 4. 
Notes offered for discount were to be drawn payable at 
the bank unless the drawer resided in the city of Albany 
or New York. Discounts were made for 36 days. In 
December the banks altered their hours to from 9 A. M. 
to 2 P. M. 

At a meeting of the General Assembly of the Presby- 
terian church of the United States, it was 

Resolved, That the Presbyteries of Albany, Oneida 
acd Columbia, be and they hereby are constituted and 
formed into a Synod, to be known by the name of the 
Synod of Albany; that they hold their first meeting in 
the Presbyterian church in Albany, on the first Wednes- 
day of October, at 2 o'clock P. M., and be opened with a 
sermon by the Rev. Jedediah Chapman of Geneva ; or, 
in case of his absence, by the next senior minister who 
may be present ; and that they aftei wards meet on their 
own adjournment. 

Aug. 7. Rev. John B. Johnson, a minister of the Re- 
formed Dutch church, died at Newtown, Long Island, 
aged 33. In consequence of impaired health, he had 
withdrawn from the cares of a large congregation at Al- 
bany, and accepted a call where less exertion was re- 
quired; but his disease was too deeply rooted, and the 
change proved ineffectual to his relief. After the death 
of his wife, who left him in April, with three infant 
children, he rapidly declined, and his complaints termi- 
nated in consumption. He was distinguished by abili- 
ties which marked him for extensive usefulness, |and his 
mind was improved by a liberal education, and indefati- 
gable study. 



324 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Oct. 2. Mr. Sylvanus Palmer ordained in the old Dutch 
church, by a commission of the classis of Albany, to the 
office of the sacred ministry. He was called to the mis- 
sionary service by the Northern Missionary Society in the 
state of New York, and entered immediately upon his 
mission among the frontier inhabitants of the state. A 
sermon adapted to the occasion was preached before a 
crowded assembly by Rev. John Bassett. from 2 Tim. iv, 5. 

Oct. 4. A convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
church in the state of New York met in this city. On 
the same day, the church lately erected in the city was 
consecrated by Bishop Moore, in presence of a large con- 
course of people. A discourse was delivered by Rev. 
Mr. Hobart, one of the associate clergy in the city of 
New York. On Wednesday, the Rev. Mr. Beasley was 
inducted in this parish, and an appropriate sermon pro- 
nounced by the Rev. Mr. Harris. On Thursday, the Rev. 
Mr. Phelps was ordained. 

Oct. 11. An election for president and directors of 
the Albany Mercantile Company took place, when the 
former president and directors were defeated, and a new 
board chosen. A statement of the condition of the com- 
pany's affairs was published in the papei-s (Gaz. Oct. 17) 
and a counter statement by the new board of directors. 
It appears that the stock of the company consisted of 
$32,000, and the amount of specie $.23,355. 

The following unique advertisement appeared in the 
Gazette of the 20th October: 

"Those who wish to buy one of the most valuable ne- 
gro wenches, one free from ever having had a husband 
or child, and one not in the least used to black company, 
and free from every vice of any moment ; will please to 
inquire of the editors of this paper, from whom they may 
know the price, and the present owner." 

In February of this year, Robert McClellan, a respecta- 
ble merchant, and treasurer of the state, proved a de- 
faulter to a large amount. He published a justification 
cf his defalcation, alledging that he was a loser to a very 
heavy amount by the state, in the war of the Revolution, 
in consequence of having outlayed money in clothing 



Notes from the Newspapers. 325 

and stores for the army, imported from Canada, and that 
he had been embarrassed by those operations ever since. 

March 7. It was ordained by the common council, 
that a loaf of inspected wheat flour should weigh 3Zfcs. 
Soz. for Is. A loaf of common wheat flour to weigh 
4 Ibs. 3oz., for Is. It was asserted by a writer of the day 
that bread was 4 ounces to the shilling heavier in Albany 
than in New York, and when the river was closed from 8 
to 12 ounces heavier. 

May 19. A dividend of one dollar and fifty cents on 
each share of the Albany Water Works company, was 
declared, payable to the stockholders after the first of 
June, at the office of the treasurer in Pearl street. Soon 
after, Stephen Lush, John Lansing, jr., John Taylor and 
Isaac Hutton, were elected trustees, the recorder of the 
city being, ex-ojficio, a trustee also. 

Daniel Steele advertised that he had opened a circulat- 
ing library, consisting of 400 volumes. 

The ladies and gentlemen of Albany were informed 
that I. Wood had taken rocms at Mrs, Dole's, next door 
to the Albany Coffee House, corner of Green and Beaver 
streets, where he would take likenesses in profile, at five 
minutes sitting, at a dollar, by a process which he digni- 
fied with the name of Physiognotrace. This was nearly 
forty years in advance of the Daguerreotype. 

In consequence of the prevalence of yellow fever in 
New York, the Common Council required all vessels 
coming from that city to perform a quarantine of a few 
hours, to ascertain if there were any sick on board, before 
coming up to the city. A young man by the name of 
Townsend, died in Troy about this time of the yellow 
fever, which he had taken in New York, which is the only 
case mentioned as having occurred in this vicinity. 

Oct. 10. The St. Andrew's society held its first 
meeting, and adopted a constitution, and celebrated the 
nativity of its patron saint on the 30th November follow- 
ing. On the 10th November was held the first election 
of officers, which resulted in the choice of the following 
persons: John Stephenson, President; George Ramsey, 
Vice President; Andrew Brown, 2d Vice President; Rev. 



326 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



John McDonald, chaplain; Dr. Wm. McClelland, physi- 
cian; Wm. Milroy, treasurer; Archibald Mclntyre,* sec- 
retary, Peter Boyd, assistant secretary; and Daniel Cum- 
mirg, Peter Sharp, John Kirk, John Grant, Geo. Pearson, 
Thos. Barker, Wm. French, John D. Cunningham, mana- 
gers. The avowed object of the society was to afford re- 
lief to poor and unfortunate Scottish emigrants. 
Garret Van Vranken died, aged 94. 

1804. 

A bill was brought 
before the legislature at 
its session this year, au- 
thorizing the city corpo- 
ration to sell the old 
Court House on the cor- 
ner of Hudson and Court 
streets, and erect a new 
one on the public square 
at the head of State 
street. Most of the other 
states had already erect- 
ed public buildings for 
the accommodation of 
their respective legisla- 
tures, and public pur- 
poses, while the opulent 
state of New York was still without any such conve- 
nience, but met in a building which had long served 
the double purpose of court house and jail; and although 
the jail had been removed some time previous to this, the 
edifice was occupied for city and county purposes, as well 
as those of the state. In it criminals had been incarce- 
rated, tried and executed. The whipping post stood be- 
fore it many years. 

March 5. There was a great depth of snow upon the 
ground in this vicinity, the like whereof was unknown to 
the oldest inhabitant; being about three feet on a level. 
A man with two horses perished in the tempest on the 

* Mr. Mclntyre is probably the only survivor of the board. 




WPM ^~ 

City Hall. 



comer of Couit and Hudson streets. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 327 

night of the 2d inst. on the Schenectady road, in attempt- 
ing to reach Albany. The traveling was wholly impeded 
in every direction, and three mails were due from New 
York. The weather had been intensely severe since the 
first of January. 

March 18. A charity sermon was preached by Dr. 
Nott in the Presbyterian church, in aid of the funds of 
the Humane society, established by the ladies of the city, 
for the " relief of poor women and small children." 
The collection amounted to $327, and was considered 
the most liberal ever taken up in any of the city churches. 

Contracts were executed in the beginning of this year 
for the construction of a turnpike road from Hoboken to 
Hackensack, to be commenced early in the spring, and 
completed in November. This was to form a link in a 
great chain of roads, which were to connect the cities of 
Albany and New York on the west side of the river. It 
was thought that by connecting it with the great state 
road, to be opened in the spring between Goshen and 
Albany, the distance would be materially shortened, and 
the preference given to this route over any other, by the 
rapidly increasing travel between the two cities. [There 
was at this time as great a rage for turnpikes, as there 
has been at any time since for canals or rail roads.] 

Feb. 4. Benjamin V. Henry, a merchant of Albany, 
died at the island of Jamaica. 

The legislature passed an act authorizing the Common 
Council to raise money by tax for defraying the expense 
of lighting the city and for night watch. 

Also, to prevent the bringing in and spreading of in- 
fectious and pestilential disease, in the cities of Albany 
and Hudson. 

Also, an act to vest certain powers in the freeholders 
and inhabitants of that part of the town of Watervliet 
commonly called the Colonie. 

Also, to establish the Albany and Bethlehem turnpike. 

E. Hosford. Bookseller, Stationer and Binder, opposite 
the State Bank, has commenced business in the above 
line, and offers for sale an assortment of Books, compris- 
ing Divinity, Law, Physic, History and the various 



328 Notes from the Newspapers. 

branches of Literature, School Books, of all kinds in 
common use. Also, an assortment of stationery, con- 
sisting of Royal, Medium, Demy, thin Posts, Foolscap 
writing paper, wrapping do. Also, trunks of all descrip- 
tions. Bookbinding in all its various branches, performed 
with neatness and expedition. Merchants' account books 
ruled aud bound to any pattern, and the least favor thank- 
fully received. [The above is the first advertisement of 
E. Hosford, who subsequently became an extensive pub- 
lisher in the edifice now occupied as the American Hotel.] 
Vote for Governor. At the annual election the follow- 
ing majorities were given: 

Lewis. Burr. 

City of New York, majority, ]01 

Albany, " 384 

Columbia, 1162 1290 

Greene. majority, 51 

Rensselaer, 1388 1132 

2611 2970 

May 10. The State Bank commenced business in their 
new banking house in State street. 

March 18. A meeting of the citizens was held at the 
City Tavern, to take into consideration the propriety of 
instituting an academy. The Lieutenant Governor, Ma- 
yor, Chancellor, Rev. Mr. Nott, Dr. De Witt, and Messrs. 
Henry and Beers were appointed a committee, to report 
a plan of an institution. The plan was submitted at a 
subsequent meeting on the 5th May, and approved, and 
another meeting appointed on the 10th May. It was 
proposed to make the academy a reorganization and re- 
form of the city schools, which were to be incorporated 
in one. 

June 2. It was announced that his Excellency Mor- 
gan Lewis and family had arrived in town, and entered 
upon the duties of his office as Governor of the State of 
New York. 

June 21. Wheat 9s per bushel. A loaf of superfine 
4lb. \oz. for a shilling. A loaf of common flour, bibs. 
for 1 shilling. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 329 

June 22. " Buried on Friday last, that truly good and 
well known character, Capt. Shawk, of African origin, 
and for upwards of half a century ferryman between this 
city and Greenbush.' ' 

Episcopal Church, Troy. " It can not but be pleasing 
to the friends of religion to notice the ardor for erecting x 
convenient places of public worship, which at prest-n^ 
actuates the citizens of this flourishing village. This 
ardor is not confined to any particular sect or class of 
worshippers, but seems equally diffused through all class- 
es, which exhibits itself in their liberal subscriptions for 
the erection of churches the present season. Yesterday 
morning at 10 o'clock the Rev. David Butler, accompa-^ 
nied by the Rev. Mr. Coe, pastor of the Presbyteria; 
church, and a respectable number of citizens, formed i 
procession, and proceeded to the spot destined for t' 
Protestant Episcopal church, and with the usual ex- 
cises of prayer, vocal and instrumental music. &c., ' 
~ ~ l uuilda n edifice for the 



Mad and Herring Fishery-. An abundant source of 
employment and profit to the inhabitants of the borders 
of the Hudson river, were the fisheries. In one net du 
ring this season 40,000 shad were taken at the city of 
Hudson, which may not have been the most successful 
on the river At one fishing place 46.000 were * 

'' 



employed within the limits of the city of Hudson IT 
^ving to each 20,000 shad, at the lowest price of Uie 
market, $3 per hundred, the product would be $30 000 
and computing the herring at half the value of the sha 
the revenue from the bosom of the river at one fi hut 
place, for about two months, would be $45,000 

zette of '*Lir eXandeT Hami]ton *^ 12. ' The Ga- 
zette of July 16 announces the report of the death of 
Col. Hamilton, and the three succeeding numbers were 



330 Notes from the Newspapers. 

filled almost exclusively with the proceedings of various 
societies on the occasion, and the ceremonies attending 
the obsequies, orations, resolutions, &c. A meeting of 
students at law was held in Albany, Teunis Van Vech- 
ten, secretary, which resolved that the members should 
wear crape on the left arm six weeks. Eulogies, &c., 
.followed in the Gazette for many weeks. 

July 13. Mrs. Harriet Backus, wife of Eleazer F. 
Backus, bookseller, died, aged 25. 

A line of stages commenced running between Albany 
and New York, which accomplished the journey in three 
) days, lodging at Rhinebeck and Peekskill. This ar- 
rangement was made in regard to the ease of the tra- 
iler, who was allowed all the time at the different 
feges requisite to make the passage agreeable. [So far 
mine was concerned, surely no one could wish to be 
Wter on the road.] Fare $8. 

>y 18. Rev. Samuel Blatchford was installed pastor 
Jot the unifed P'resDyteriaiT'con^ltJ^QA^of. Lansingburg 
(, and Waterford. Rev. Jonas Coe of Troy delivered in,, 
sermon from 2d Tim., xi, 15; and Rev. Mr. Miller of Al- 
bany delivered the charge. 

July 29. Eliphalet Nott, A. M., delivered a discourse 
in the North Dutch church on the death of Alexander 
Hamilton, which was published in a volume of similar 
effusions, by William Coleman, at p. 104. 

Aug. 2J. Rev. Eliphalet Nott, pastor of the First 
. Presbyterian church in Albany, was elected president of 
Union College, Schenectady, vice Dr. Marcy, who had 
accepted the presidency of the University of South Caro- 
lina. [Dr. Nott just previous to this delivered a sermon 
on the death of Alexander Hamilton, which was published, 
and was characterized by the editor of the Hudson Bee as 
" one of the most eloquent and highly finished productions 
of the kind which this country has produced,'' and he 
was pronounced one of the ablest divines in the United 
States.] 

Sept. 1. Wheat 13s. Qd. per bushel. A loaf of su- 
perfine flour to weigh 2lb. \2oz. for one shilling. Of 
common flour, 3/6. 5oz. for one shilling (12 cents). 



Notes from the Newspapers. 331 

Oct. 2. The stockholders in the Albany arid Bethle- 
hem Turnpike company met at the City Tavern and 
chose the following directors: Francis Nicoll, James Van 
Rensselaer, Peter S. Van Rensselaer, John H. Burhans, 
Abraham Ten Eyck, Goldsborough Banyar, jun., Gerrit 
Bogart, Sebastian Visscher, Solomon Russell; F. Nicoll, 
president. The editor of the Gazette remarked that no 
part of the country suffered more on account of bad 
roads than the town of Bethlehem for many years past, 
in its intercourse with this city. 

Oct. 17. The Common Council ordained that part of 
State street, Lion [now Washington] street, Washing- 
ton [now South Pearl] street, which remained unpaved 
and greatly out of repair, should be immediately paved 
by the owners and occupants, the work to be completed 
within eight days after they should receive notice from 
the city superintendent. 

It appears by the annual report of the Chamberlain, 
Elbert Willett, that the expenditure for lamps and night 
watch, was as follows, for the year ending Oct. 8, 1804. 
1652 gals, oil, $1739-21; night watch, $1008.44^; wood 
and candles, $50; lighting lamps, $390'68|; 8lbs. wick, 
$4-98; total, $3193'32. The amount of expenditures for 
the last seven years more than taxes $4785'95. The 
total amount of the city expenditures for this year was 
$18,l87'70.]j cents. Among the receipts into the treasury 
this year was that of $1128'46 for land sold at Schagh- 
ticoke; $50 for rent of ferry house, and $274 for ferri- 
age; and for " lots of ground sold at vendue," $9596*75. 

Nov. 6. The legislature of the state met in the city 
on Tuesday, Nov. 6; Alexander Sheldon was chosen 
speaker and Solomon Southwick, clerk. The message 
of Gov. Lewis would not fill a column of our modern 
daily papers. 

Nov. 8. Wheat 17 shillings per bushel. A loaf of 
superfine wheat flour to weigh 2lbs. Zoz , for one shilling. 
A loaf of common flour to weigh 2lbs. lOoz. 

Nov. 18. Major Gen. Philip Schuyler, an officer of the 
revolution, and eminent also as a civil officer, died, aged 
71. He was buried on the 21st with military honors, in 
29 



332 Notes from the Newspapers. 

the family vault of the Hon Abraham Ten Broeck. [See 
biog. sketch, in vol. i, p. 250.] 

Nov. 20. Ontario Wheat. A wagon load of wheat 
was brought to the city from Bloomfield, Ontario county, 
a distance of 230 miles. The load consisted of 100 
bushels, and was drawn by four yoke of oxen ; and had 
the traveling been good the teamster thought the quan- 
tity might have been increased to 150 bushels. The 
wheat was purchased at Bloomfield for five shillings a 
bushel, and sold for 13s. 3d. The net proceeds, after de- 
ducting expenses and prime cost, was not less than $100. 
It was calculated that the journey both ways might be 
performed in 20 days, notwithstanding the badness of 
the roads. It was the first adventure of the kind known 
to have been undertaken, but was warranted by the high 
price of grain, and rewarded satisfactorily the individual 
who achieved it. 

Nov. 26. A school building was erected by the chari- 
table contributions of the benevolent, for the benefit of 
neglected and helpless female children ; and a family of 
twenty-three, gathered under the care of a discreet go- 
verness, were daily instructed in reading, writing, and 
plain work, and in the strict observance of every Christ- 
ian and moral duty. 

Waterford Bridge. Dec. The ceremony of opening 
the Union Bridge across the Hudson at Waterford, was 
celebrated with considerable parade. The Waterford 
Gazette conceived it the most perfect model of architect- 
ure, beauty and strength in the United States. Its length 
was 800 feet, and its greatest height from the bottom of 
the river 33 feet ; its width 30 feet. There was much 
firing of cannon all day, and a procession from Lansing- 
burgh to Waterford, where a dinner was served, at the 
expense of the directors, and partaken of by the dignita- 
ries of state and many gentlemen of the city and villages 
in the vicinity. 

Turnpikes west. Great effort was making at this time 
to push the line of turnpikes through from this city to 
Lake Erie. It was already nearly completed to Canan- 
daigua. At the same time a rival road was attempted, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 333 

and already partly finished, leading from Esopus to Jeri- 
cho, a7id continued to Bath in Steuben county, by another 
company, with the expectation that a third company 
would take it to Lake Erie, making the distance about 
280 miles ; promising an advantage over the more north- 
ern route in distance as well as in the superiority of the 
road, arising from the better nature of the soil and mate- 
rials. The inhabitants of the interior of the state were 
alive to these improvements, and meetings were held and 
new turnpikes projected and companies formed and incor- 
porated, in every direction. But the grand project of a 
thoroughfare from the Hudson to Lake Erie particularly 
occupied the attention of active men, as did the rail road 
schemes forty years later. 

Dec. 20. Wheat 15 shillings per bushel. Bread 21bs. 
7 oz. 8 dr., for Is., superfine flour; common flour, 3/fcs. 
for Is. 

1805. 

Jan. 31. Three mails were due from New York, 
owing to the obstruction of the roads by snow. It was 
said on the occasion that no instance of the failure of 
three mails in succession, had ever before occurred in this 
city from the first establishment of the post office. The 
editor of the Gazette had forgotten that he announced 
the same failure in the previous March. [See March 5, 
1804.] The North river was closed at this time as far 
down as the state prison in the upper part of the city of 
New York, and the suffering of the poor was very great 
from the inclemency of the weather and the high price of 
food. 

An act was passed in the spring of this year by the le- 
gislature, incorporating the Albany and Delaware turn- 
pike company. 

James Van Ingen of the city of Albany, was appointed 
to translate the public records in the Secretary's office, 
under the law for that effect. 

April 18. At a meeting of the stockholders of the 
Albany and Delaware turnpike company, held at Lewis's 
Tavern, Stephen Van Rensselaer. John Lansing, jun., 



334 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Henry Guest, Abraham Hun; Jacob Ten Eyck, Rensselaer 
Westerlo, Goldsborough Banyar, jr., were elected the 
first directors. 

Sept. 14. The Common Council prohibited vessels 
from New York proceeding above the large island below 
the city, without a permit from the health officer, the 
object of which was to prevent the introduction of the 
yellow fever then prevalent in New York. 

Official statement of the votes cast for Members of As- 
sembly in Albany county: 

Federal. Demooraiir 



Stephen Lush, 1578 

J. Shurtleff. 1577 

Ab'm Van Vechten, 1623 

Adam Deitz, 1461 

Asa Colvard, 1377 

David Burhans, 1447 



Elisha Dorr, 9GO 

Benj. Wallace 806 

Wrn. Jas. Teller, 1078 

Nath. Gallup, 1116 

J. Jackson, jr., 1048 

James Wands 555 



J. T. V. Dalfsen, 608 

July 1. Wheat had fallen to $1-62^ per bushel. 

Aug. 5. The price stood at $1'37 per bushel. On the 
15th, $1-68. 

Aug. 11. John Melanch ton Bradford ordained and in- 
stalled pastor or bishop of the Reformed Dutch church 
in this city. He was deposed from the ministry in 1821, 
but subsequently restored, and died without pastoral 
charge. 

It was announced that the city corporation had es- 
tablished a ferry on the Greenbush side of the river, op- 
posite the Albany ferry, and had licensed Mr. James 
Wynkoop to keep the same ; that he was furnished with 
good scows and boats, and would employ as ferrymen 
none but those who were sober and obliging, and that- 
every endeavor would be made for the passage of car- 
riages and travelers in a safe and expeditious manner. 
The rates of ferriage were: 



Foot passenger, 2cts. 

Man and horse, 6 

Wagon and two horses, .... 12^ 
u loaded with firewood, 4 

Chair, sulkey or chaise,. . . 12! 

Four wheeled 2 horse plea- 
sure carriage, 25 



Each additional horse, .... 6cts. 
Mail stage, two horses,... 25 
Each additional horse, .... 3 

Horse and cart, 6 

Double ferriage from one hour 

after sunset to day break, except 

for the mail carriages. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 335 

Sept. 11. Wheat 12 shillings. Bread 3/&. loz. and 
3J6. 1 loz. for one shilling. 
Sept. 20. Wheat 13s. 6d. 

Physiognotrace Likenesses Engraved. L. LEMET, re- 
spectfully informs the ladies and gentlemen of Albany, 
that he takes likenesses in crayon as large as life, and 
engraves them of a reduced size in a new and elegant 
style. The price of the large likenesses, with an en- 
graved plate and twelve impressions, is $25 for gentle- 
men, and $35 for ladies, or $8 for the drawing only. 
For further particulars apply at his room at Capt. Lock- 
wood's, the corner of Dock and State street, where a 
great number of portraits of distinguished characters may 
be seen. 

By the report of the city chamberlain, the expenses of 
the city watch and night lamps were as follows : 

3178? gallons of oil, 3666'2l 

Attending night watch, 130T81 

12 Ihs. wick for lamps, 7*75| 

Wood and candles for watch, 54'84 

Lighting lamps, 4V3-15 

5454 36 i 

The amount of money received for taxes towards de- 
fraying these expenses was $4940 94, leaving a deficit of 
$513'42|. And the deficit in the 7 years after exhaust- 
ing the amount raised by taxes, was $2 121 '55.^. 

The Brig Troy. This is the first square rigged vessel 
ever built in this place, and very properly bears the name 
of the village. She was built at the upper ship yard by 
Capt. Storer, is a very handsome, stout vessel, of 170 
tons burden, well calculated for a West India or Ireland 
trader, and does honor to the workmanship of her con- 
structer and owner. 

A collection was taken up in the old Dutch church at 
the foot of State street, in aid of the funds of the Humane 
society, which amounted to 114'44. 



(336) 
OBJECTIONS 

TO THE 

ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION, 



1788. 

[The anxiety and zeal of the opponents of the con- 
stitution of the United States in this quarter, may be 
gathered from the following document, which was pro- 
mulgated on the 10th of April, 1788, and embodies the 
principles upon which they founded their objections.] 
(See ante p. 318, and vol. ii, pp. 205, 207.) 

On the last Tuesday of April instant, delegates are to 
be chosen by the people, to determine the important 
question, whether the proposed new Constitution shall 
be adopted or rejected; a determination of the utmost 
consequence to the citizens of the state and to posterity. 
From an apprehension that the Constitution, if adopted 
in its present form, would deprive the people of their 
dearest rights and liberties, a number of gentlemen, from 
different parts of this county, met for the purpose of 
nominating and recommending Delegates for Convention, 
and unanimously resolved on the following gentlemen : 

ROBERT YATES, DIRCK SWART, 

JOHN LANSING, JUN., ISRAEL THOMPSON, 

HENRY OOTHOUDT, ANTHONY TEN EYCK, 
PETER VROOMAN, 

As we have been informed, that the advocates for the 
new Constitution, have already travelled through the 
several districts in the county, arid paropgated an opinion, 
that it is a good system of government ; we beg leave to 
state, in as few words as possible, some of the many 
objections against it: 

The Convention, who were appointed for the sole and 



Objections to the Constitution. 337 

express purpose of revising and amending the Confedera- 
tion, have taken upon themselves the power of making a 
new one. 

They have not formed a federal but a consolidated go- 
vernment, repugnant to the principles of a republican 
government; not founded on the preservation but the 
destruction to the state governments. 

The great and extensive powers granted to the new 
government over the lives, liberties and property of 
every citizen. 

The powers in many instances not defined nor sufficient- 
ly explained, and capable of being interpreted to answer 
the most ambitious and arbitrary purposes. , 

The small number of members who are to compose 
the general legislature, which is to pass laws to govern 
so large and extensive a continent, inhabited by people 
of different laws, customs and opinions, and many of 
them residing upwards of 400 miles from the seat of 
government. 

The members of Senate are not to be chosen by the 
people, but appointed by the Legislature of each state 
for the term of six years. This will destroy their re- 
sponsibility, and induce them to act like the masters and 
not the servants of the people. 

The power to alter and regulate the time, place, and 
manner of holding elections, so as to keep them subjected 
to their influence. 

The power to lay poll taxes, duties, imposts, excises, 
and other taxes. 

The power to appoint continental officers to levy and 
collect those taxes. 

Their laws are to be the supreme law of the land, and 
the judges in every state are to be bound thereby, not- 
withstanding the constitution or lau's of any state to the 
contrary. A sweeping clause, which subjects every 
thing to the control of the new government, 

Slaves are taken into the computation in apportioning 
the number of representatives, whereby 50,000 slaves 
give an equal representation of 30,000 freemen. 



338 Objections to the Constitution. 

The provision that the net produce of all duties and 
imposts, laid by the legislature of any state, on imports 
Or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the 
United States. 

The provision that none of the states shall coin money 
or emit bills of credit. 

The po\ver to raise, support and maintain a standing 
army in time of peace. The bane of a republican go- 
vernment; by a standing army most of the once free 
nations of the globe have been reduced to bondage: and 
by this Britain attempted to enforce her abitrary mea- 
sures. 

The power to call forth the militia to any part of the 
continent, without any limitation of time or place, under 
the command of t'ie President, or such continental officers 
as shall be appointed over them. 

Men conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, made 
liable to perform military duty. 

The power of the new government to establish the 
salaries for their own services. 

The power with respect to the payment of the salaries 
to infeiior court judges in the several states ; and which 
salaries the new Constitution declares are not to be di- 
minished. 

Tlieir power relative to the migration or importation 
of foreigners. 

The not securing the rights of conscience in matters 
of religion, or granting the liberty of worshipping God 
agreeable to the mode thereby dictated; whereas the 
experience of all ages proves that the benevolence and 
humility inculcated in the gospel, are no restraint on the 
love of domination. 

The vast executive power vested in one man (not 
elected by the people), who, though called President, 
will have powers equal if not superior to many European 
Kings. 

His legislative power of negativing all laws, resolu- 
tions and votes, thereby to prevent their passing unless 
agreed to by two thirds of both houses of the legislature. 



Objections to the Ccnitilulicn. 339 

His long continuance in office, and even at the end of 
four years capable of being again chosen, and continued 
for life. 

The great powers granted to the grand continental 
supreme court, extending to all cases in law and equity, 
and the allowing that court original jurisdiction in cer 
tain cases. 

The granting of appeals to that court in loth law and 
fact. A powerful engine in the hands of the rich, to 
oppress and ruin the poor. 

The power to establish inferior courts in every state. 

No provision being made to prevent placemen and pen- 
sioners. 

Nor for the liberty of the press, that grand palladium 
of liberty and scourge of tyrants. 

The trial by jury, that sacred bulwark of liberty, is 
not provided for in civil cases. 

The power of appointing as many continental officers 
as they shall think proper in every state, and thereby 
extending their influence over every part of the United 
States. 

The great additional expenses of the new government, 
and the burtherisorne and heavy taxes which will thereby 
be occasioned. 

Their guaranteeing to the several states, not the sub- 
stance, but a republican form of government, and the 
states left at the mercy of the general government, to 
allow them such a form as they shall deem proper. 

They have declared, that if the convention of nine 
states ratify the constitution, it shall be established between 
the states so ratifying the same ; by which means, if all 
the states should not adopt it, they have laid a founda- 
tion to defeat the confederation and dissolve the union of 
the states. A clause dictated by the same genius of 
aristocracy, which prompted the convention to enjoin 
secrecy on their members, to keep their doors shut, their 
journals locked up, and none of the members to take any 
extracts. 

By the articles of confederation each state retains 
what is not expressly granted to congress; but in the 



340 Objections to the Constitution. 

new constitution there is no provision or bill of rights, 
to secure any of the fundamental rights and liberties of 
the people. 

Notwithstanding so many and such powerful objections 
to this constitution, some of its zealous advocates, have 
industriously attempted to persuade the people to adopt 
it. Is it for the sake of the poor and common people, 
that the rich and well born are so indefatigable? or is it 
because they and their friends and connections expect to 
possess some of the many lucrative offices under the 
new government? 

They have asserted, that the present confederation is 
defective and will tend to anarchy and confusion. 

That the expenses of the new government will be less. 

That the value of produce will be raised. 

That the concurrence of nine states will bind the 
whole. 

That the constitution may hereftaer be amended. 

As to the first, it is the weakest of all weak reasons, 
to adopt a bad constitution because the present one is 
defective. A person of a sickly habit, or constitution 
might as well put an end to his existence, for fear that 
his sickness or infirmity would be the cause of his death. 
As to the second, a man must be very credulous and ig- 
norant indeed, who can suppose that the new government 
will not be more expensive. Will not the raising and 
supporting the army and navy, in time of peace, create 
additional expense? Can the multitude and variety of 
the salaries of the continental supreme court judges, the 
continental inferior court judges in the different states, 
and other civil officers in the judicial department, be paid 
without great additional expense? Can a federal town, 
for the seat of the national government, be built without 
additional expense? Will not the furniture necessary 
for the Continental President, Vice President, Secretaries, 
Treasurers, Comptrollers, Ministers, &c. &c. &c., to grace 
their tables and adorn the rooms of their stately palaces, 
be costly and expensive? Can all these things, with 
many others, be accomplished without great additional 
expense, and without laying heavy and burthensome taxes 



Objections to the Constitution. 341 

on the people ? As well might the Israelites of old, have 
made brick without straw. 

With respect to the regulation of trade, this may be 
vested in congress under the present confederation, with- 
out changing the fundamental principles of the general as 
well as all the state governments ; nor is it probable that 
if the new constitution should be adopted, the value of 
produce would be thereby increased. As well might it 
be said, that our soil will be better and our lands more 
fruitful. 

The assertion, that the adoption of the constitution by 
nine states will bind every state, is not true. This false- 
hood is contradicted by the express words of the last 
clause; and the threats given out that the dissenting states 
will be compelled to adopt it, is the language of tyrants, 
and an insult on the understandings of a free people. 

With regard to amendments, some of the strongest and 
most zealous advocates of the ne\v constitution, at Jirst, 
and for a long time, affected to hold it up as a good system 
of government ; but after various and repeated journeys 
into the country (having discovered that the people were 
generally opposed to the constitution, and that they can 
and will judge on a matter of such consequence to them- 
selves and their posterity) these same zealous advocates 
have since changed their ground, and altered their plan 
of operations. They now acknowledge it to be defective, 
but endeavoV to prevail on the people, Jirst to adopt it, 
and afterwards (like Massachusetts) trust to a recommend- 
ation for future amendments. Would it be prudent or 
safe for the people to surrender their dearest rights and 
liberties, to the discretionary disposal of their future 
rulers? First to make a surrender and aftencards ask 
for terms of capitulation. 

The freemen of America have fought and bled to 
oppose the oppression and usurpation of Great Britain, 
and shall they now resign these rights and privileges, to 
a government which, if possible, may be still more arbi- 
trary and despotic ? Sacred as well as profane history 
afford abundant examples to prove that the most strenu- 
ous asserters of liberty, in all ages, after having success- 



342 Objections to the Constitution. 

fully triumphed over tyranny, have themselves become 
tyrants, when entrusted by the people with unlimited and 
uncontrollable powers. 

No amendments ean be obtained without the consent 
of three fourths of the states. Is it probable that such 
consent will ever be obtained to amendments which will 
tend to abridge the powers of the new government? Is 
it not rather more probable, that if any amendments are 
made, they will ratliQr enlarge those powers? Will not 
those in power have influence sufficient at all times, to 
prevent more than o;>e fourth of the states to consent to 
future amendments ? From this source, then, amendments 
are not to be expected, nor is it to be presumed that if 
the people once resign such great and extensive powers, 
they will ever be enabled to wrest them from a national 
government, having the command of the purse as well as 
the sword. 

The 5th article of the constitution points out a mode to 
obtain amendments after it is adopted, which is to call a 
convention for the purpose; and we conceive that a 
convention may be called to amend the constitution, 
before it is adopted with so many material and radical 
defects. 

These, among many others, are the reasons that have 
induced us to oppose the new constitution in its present 
form. A constitution destructive of the fundamental 
principles of the general as well as all the state govern- 
ments ; dangerous to the rights and liberties of the people, 
and which, if adopted without previous amendments, will, 
in our opinion, terminate in slavery. 

If therefore you entertain the like sentiment relative 
to this constitution, we beg leave to request your vote 
and interest in favor of the above delegates, whose opin- 
ions, we have reason to conclude, agree with ours on this 
important subject. 

We are, gentlemen, your most humble servants, 
By order of the Committee, 

JER. VAN RSNSSELAER , Chairman, 

MAT. VISSCHER, Clerk. 



Objections to the Constitution. 



343 



The subscribers being of the opinion, that the reasons 
above mentioned, are conclusive against adopting the new- 
constitution without previous amendments, recommend the 
above named gentlemen, as candidates for members of 
convention, and the following, for members of senate and 
assembly, to wit: Peter Van Ness, for senator; John 
Lansing, Jan., Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Cornelius Van 
Dyck, John Duncan, John Thompson, Henry K. Van 
Rensselaer, and John Younglove, for assemblymen. 
Jacob C. Ten Eyck, Robert Lansing, 

John R. Bleecker, John Price, 

Gerrit Lansing, Jun., Arie Lagrange, 

Cornelius K. Van Den Berg, Henry Lansing, 



Abraham Yates, Jun. 
Gysbert Fonda, 
Cornelius Wendell, 
Volkert A. Douw, 
Abraham Cuyler, 
Henry Ten Eyck, 
Henry Wendell, 
Peter W. Douw, 
Wm. Mancius, 



Jacob G. Lansing, 
John W. Wendell, 
Ab'm Bloodgood, 
Gysbert Marselus, 
Peter W. Yates, 
Dirk B. Van Schoonhoven, 
Jacob Roseboom, 
Richard Lush, 
Peter Sharp. 



SO 



(344) 

PLAN OF ALBANY, 1765. 



The plan here inserted is found in a small work in the 
State Library, entitled, A Set of Plans and Forts in 
America, reduced from Actual Survey, 1765, containing 
thirty maps of the forts in British North America, and 
published in London by MARY ANN ROCQUE, topographer 
to the Duke of Gloucester. 

The map bears the following inscription : Plan of the 
city of Albany, with a design for the better securing it by 
altering the ancient form of its stockade, adding a ditch 
in front, defended by a number of blockhouses, with a 
banquette within, from which a double fire of musketry 
can be made through loopholes in the stockade ; also a 
design for a magazine for provisions, barracks to complete 
one thousand men, with a general hospital for four hun- 
dred sick, arid a small quay for the convenience of loading 
and unloading the vessels, which will also serve for a 
battery for two guns to command the river. 

This plan embraces within its boundaries the space 
now included between Hamilton and Patroon streets, east 
of a line running about midway between Eagle and Lodge 
streets. We have not yet met with any documentary 
evidence that the stockade was extended to so large a 
compass. The gates within the memory of the oldest 
inhabitants were at Hamilton street on the south, and a 
little above Orange street on the north, on Broadway, 
but the stockades are supposed to have converged from 
those points to the fort in State street without taking in 
the north-west and south-west angles here described. 
There was a hospital occupying the site of the one indi- 
cated on the map, whichis now the site of the Lutheran 
Church. The location of the fort has been described and 
pictured in the previous volumes. 



(345) 

ANNALS FOR THE YEAE 1852. 



Col. P. V. Shankland, formerly chamberlain of Albany, 
died at Pittsfield. Pike Co., Illinois, aged 49. He was 
clerk of the county. 

JANUARY. 

1. New Year. The rains and fogs the previous three 
or four days, produced a rise of water in the river and 
swept away the ice. The docks were inundated, and 
crossing at the ferries suspended. Early in the morn- 
ing a canal boat passed down with the ice, having on 
board a woman and two children, who called for assist- 
ance, but the running ice was so formidable that no aid 
could be safely afforded. They were rescued safely at 

Castleton A burglar entered the office of the Albany 

State Register, broke open the door, desk, and drawers, 
but disdained to take away the few pennies that were in 

the latter Mary Louisa, wife of Wilson Purdy, 

died, aged 36. Louis Sporberg died at Utica, aged 45, 
and was buried on the 4th by the German military and 

lodges William A. Young sworn into office as 

city recorder, and A. D. Robinson as county judge. 
. .A new military association, composed of the staff and 
officers of the 25th regiment, turned out to call in a body 
upon the governor. 

2. Patrick Heary died, aged 35. Frederick W. Hux- 
ford died at Albion, Michigan. 

3. Adam A. Ramsey, some time a writer for the Daily 
Knickerbocker, died at Jacksonville, Florida. Sarah 
Barnard formerly of Albany, died at Cobleskill, aged 20. 

4. Fire in Wiles' dry goods store, in the Dutch house 
corner of State and South Pearl, at an early hour in the 
morning, was extinguished with triflii g damage to the 
building, but with almost a total loss of the goods 



346 Annals of 1852. 

A fire was discovered at the same time in Briare's saloon 

in Broadway The Rev. W. W. Moore, late pastor of 

the State Street Baptist Church, began his labors as pas- 
tor of the South Baptist Church, corner of Herkimer and 
Franklin streets. 

5. Mary, wife of Andrew Millan died, aged 67. Mary, 
wife of Hugh Temple died, aged 55. 

6. A total eclipse of the moon, rendered invisible by a 
snowstorm Peter Turner died, aged 60 Meet- 
ing of the legislature Elizabeth, widow of Henry 

Bleecker, died, aged 87. 

7. John Yertz, a German, aged 66, fell and fractured 
his skull, causing instant death. 

A fair held at Bleecker Hall for the benefit of the Or- 
phan Asylum produced $3,249 dollars. 

8. The basement of the Centre Market,' occupied as a 
fish market, was broken into and robbed of a few bad 
pennies left there. 

9. George Graves died, aged 32 The river was 

again bridged over with ice, so as to admit of being crossed 
by persons on foot. A man fell in, however, at a tender 

place, and was with difficulty rescued A democratic 

county convention met to appoint a delegate to attend 
the convention to be held at Baltimore to nominate a 
candidate for president. Erastus Corning nominated. 

10. Alfred Mayell died, aged 37. Mary, wife of Philip 

Dunn died, aged 63 A party of Rocky Mountain 

Indians exhibited their customs and dress at Van Vechten 
Hall. Margaret, wife of Wm. Fowler died, aged 76. 

11. The North Methodist Church, erected on the site 
of the old circus, was dedicated with the usual ceremonies. 
The edifice was built under the direction of L. Woollett, 
jr., is 49 by 88 feet, capable of seating 700 persons, and 
cost, with the parsonage adjoining, $10,000. 

12. A fire occurred about one o'clock in the morning in 
the basement of a boarding house in Water street, which 

was extinguished before it had done much damage 

Edward M. Cole died, aged 20. 

13. The mayor's oath of office administered to Eli 
Perry at his house, where he was confined by sickness. 



Annals of 1852. 347 

14. Samuel Waddy died, aged 50 The scientific 

department of the University opened with a lecture on 

Scientific Agriculture by Prof. Norton John Lee 

died, aged 22. Benjamin Bowers died,^aged 56. Jane M., 
wife of George W. Palmer died, aged 22. 

15. .Mary W., wife of Frederick G. Tucker, died. 
Augustus S. Hills died, aged 37. 

16. Henry Herring died, aged 20. Benjamin W. Car- 
ter died, aged 55. 

17. The Spanish minister, M. Calderon de la Barca, ar- 
rived from Washington to intercede for the life of a young 

Spaniard convicted of murder A large audience 

collected at the Hall of the Young Men's Association to 
witness a vocal entertainment by Miss Greenfield, a 
negress, whose performances were of unusual excellence. 

18. Mrs. Fanny Munger died, aged 71 The ther- 
mometers marked from 6 deg. down to during the day, 
and what was more remarkable at so low a temperature, 
it snowed steadily all day and night. 

19. The first train on the Harlem Rail Road came 
through with a few invited guests, who took dinner at 
Congress Hall, there being no other celebration of the 
event ; except a smash caused by running into another 
train Mrs. Gloranah Pruyn died, aged 61. 

20. Julius Rhoades died Meeting of the State 

Agricultural Society Thermometers ranged from 8 

to 15" below in the morning. 

21. The State Agricultural Society held its annual 

meeting Thermometer 5 deg. below zero in the 

morning. 

22. Mary JaneNeely died, aged 24 Thermometer 

5 deg. below zero in the morning. . .William John Bat- 
tersby, a native of Albany, died at Rochester, aged 20. 

23. Thermometer below zero in the morning. Began 
to moderate during the day. 

24. Warren C. Norris, formerly of Albany, was killed 
at San Francisco, California, in a fracas. 

26. A fire at night partially destroyed a wooden 
"building, corner of Green and Hudson streets. 

27. The State Temperance society met at the Pearl 



348 Annals of 1852. 

street Baptist church, to hold its semi-annual session. 
Eugene Sullivan died, aged 35. 

28. The Temperance societies of the city and a large 
delegation from abroad, formed a procession and marched 
to the Capitol, preceded by a band of music and the Re- 
publican Artillery. The Capitol not admitting the whole 
of the procession, a part marched off and organized at the 
State street Baptist church. 

29. Ann wife of William Patrick died, aged 36 

Tryphena Case died, aged 22. 

31. By the report of the directors of the Albany and 
Schenectady rail road company it appeared that the re- 
ceipts for the year were $260,041 '07; the expenses of 
operating the road $102,611-49; interest, tolls, improve- 
ments, &c., $68,145-42. The dividends were $75,000, 

leaving a surplus of $14,284*16 Mrs. Rebecca 

Hays died, aged 69, widow of the late Solomon Hays. 

FEBRUARY. 

2. John Gott died, aged 68. 

This fine old gentleman, who has been identified for nearly 
Lalf a century with the interests of this city, and whose presence 
and name were as familiar to the risen and rising generation 
as long standing could make them, went yesterday, to his long 
home, ripe in years, regretted by numbers, and leaving behind 
him the pleasautest odor of a good name. Mr. Gott was a 
Green Mountain boy, having been born in Vermont in 1786. 
When quite young, while Vermont was still reckoned as within 
the county of Albany, his parents moved into this state, and 
settled in Tryon county, then a wilderness embracing the whole 
western and northern parts of this state. In 1799 Mr. G. re- 
moved to Albany, and for a long time acted as clerk to Mr. 
George Pierson, a gentleman well known to the snuff takers of 
the last century, and whose memory is still cherished with de- 
served respect. At Mr. Pierson's death Mr. Gott associated 
with him, in the tobacco business, the late Mathew Kline, pur- 
chased his late employer's interest in the factory and fixtures, 
and commenced business for himself. When Mr. Kline died, 
Mr. Gott continued the business in his own name. Until nearly 
the time of his death, he occupied the same old premises; 
the factory in James street being the identical building that he 
entered with the freshness of boyhood half a century since. As 
the Dutchman, from whose columns we procure the above 



Annals of 1852. 349 

facts, observes, " Mr. Gott was probably the only Vermonter of 
whom history has any knowledge, that ever remained fifty years 
in any one place." An old and thriving merchant, a valuable 
citizen, an honest man, Mr. Gott's quiet modesty and retirement 
kept him aloof from politics, and from offices of distinction, 
where his integrity would have done good service. His business 
capacity and perseverance elevated him, and his nice sense of 
honor and pure integrity maintained him, in an enviable posi- 
tion, in the esteem of those whose opinions are really valuable. 
Of all the quiet old gentlemen who have faded away within the 
last few years, none will be remembered more kindly than Mr. 
Gott. Peace to his ashes. Knickerbocker. 

William Lansing died, aged 18. 

3. Anna, wife of Alexander Norris, died, aged 20. 

4. Semi-annual exercises of the pupils of the Albany 
Academy, held at Van Vechten Hall. The Caldwell and 
Van Rensselaer medals awarded to John Bogart, jr., who 
was the first student to carry off both. 

5. Election of officers of the Young Men's Association ; 

Theodore Townsend elected president Closing 

exercises of the semi-annual examination at the Normal 

School James Neely died at Jacksonville, Florida, 

aged 27. 

6. Mary L. J. Wilson died. 

7. Sylvanus J. Penniman died, aged 71. 

One by one, the ripe old citizens of the past, the well known 
hale old gentlemen who were recognized as aged in our earliest 
days of youth, and who have marked the impress of time upon 
our city for the better part of a century one hy one they vanish 
from among us one by one Death gathers them in, and the 
places that knew them, know them no more. Last week we 
chronicled, with regret, the demise of the late John Gott; we 
are now called upon to render a due tribute to the memory of 
Sylvanns J. Penniman, another landmark of the past, and one 
whose honest industry and integrity accumulated here such 
fortune and respect as true merit ever deserves. An attempt to 
trace, minutely, the chequered career of this well known citi- 
zen, would run over the whole field of enterprise, and consume 
more space than we are able to afford ; for there is, perhaps, no 
branch of industry, no pursuit in the whole catalogue of various 
business, with which Mr. Penniman has not been at some period 
of his life identified. He was the son of a New England 
farmer, and one of a numerous family of sons and daughters, 



350 Annals of 1852. 

though none besides himself known to present fame. His birth 
place was the town of Meriden, in the county of Worcester, and 
state of Massachusetts, where he *irst saw the light in the year 
1780. The advantages of a district school, comprised the whole 
of his early education. Leaving home about the age of twenty- 
one to seek his fortune, he made a temporary sojourn at Troy; 
subsequently spent some time among the Green Mountains in 
Vermont, and at length, about the year 1803, established him- 
self in a small book bindery in the village of Lansingburgh. 
Several specimens of his industry at this period are still ex- 
tant, and do credit to his skill and taste. Here, he was but a 
short time settled ere he married Miss Fitch of Connecticut, 
who has been the sharer of his cares and fortunes for the last 
fifty years. Forsaking book binding, after a sufficient trial of 
its merits, he entered into the business of tanning, on the river, 
near Lansingburgh, having, as foreman of his establishment, our 
worthy ex-mayor, Friend Humphrey. Finding his tannery ra- 
ther a losing speculation, Mr. Penniman soon surrendered the 
business into the hands of Russell Forsyth, taking in exchange 
therefor, the drug and medicine store of Dr. F. This business 
transaction, which occurred just previous to the war of 1812, 
proved most fortunate and lucrative to the subject of our notice. 
On the declaration of war, the advance in the price of opium 
and other drugs, became enormous, and secured an abundant 
harvest to the quondam tanner. About 1823, he resolved to 
emigrate to Albany; and accordingly, transported his stock to 
this city, and continued the business here until 1832; his resi- 
dence, fora part of the time, being the beautiful country seat of 
the Van Rensselaer family below Greenbush. In the year 1832 
he sold out the entire concern to the late firm of J. & A. Mc- 
Clure. Freed from the mortar and pestle, Mr. P. now entered 
with all the energy of his spirit, and his vast business expe- 
rience into the oil business, with which lie has been actively 
identified ever since. But a short period elapsed, before the 
public saw him hotly engaged in an unbloody but determined 
battle with certain rogues of oil mixers, who then contrived to 
enjoy a monopoly, and carried on an independent system of 
imposition on the public. He had invented and constructed 
with great ingenuity, a little brass instrument called the.oilome- 
ter, for the purpose of testing the purity of oil, &c. Against 
all the influence and exertions of a host of roguish opposers, 
Mr. P. procured the passage of a legislative enactment, making 
this little instrument a legal test ; and providing a five years' re- 
sidence in the state prison for all dishonest dealers in oil. 
Time and again, the combined forces of oil dealers have been 
marshalled to the Capitol for the overthrow of this law, but in 



Annals of 1852. 351 

vain. The old hero has always met, and vanquished them. About 
five years since, he retired from active life, to enjoy the evening 
of his days amid the quiet of domestic life. His eldest son 
James is known as one of the most opulent merchants of New 
York. One of his daughters is the widow of Phineas Smith, 
Esq., brother of Hon. Truman Smith, U. S. Senator from Con- 
necticut. Mr. Pennim m's personal habits were accurately 
primitive. He always did his own mnrketing, and always carried 
it home, and in this respect, as in a thousand others, was a model 
for the young sprouts, who blush now-a-days at the sight of a 
bundle. He was a striking instance of what indomitable per- 
severance and exertion will accomplish in spite of all obstacles. 
Peace to his ashes. Knickerbocker. 

Mrs. Mary Gould died, aged 75. relict of the late Wil- 
liam Gould A burglar was arrested in attempting 

to break into a house in Broadway. 

8. A fire in Green street burnt a wooden building and a 
shoe maker's stock, at an early hour in the morning. In 
the evening another alarm arose from a fire at the corner 
of Maiden lane and Dean street, which was soon extin- 
guished P. V. Watson, formerly of Albany, died at 

Jersey City. 

9. Paul T. Taber, M. D , formerly of Albany, died in 
Buchanan County, Missouri. 

11. A fire discovered in the evening at No. 32 Hudson 
street, was got under before it had done much damage. 

12. Mrs. Rebecca Bulson died The recent mild 

weather and heavy rains caused a rise of water in the 
river, which submerged the docks. 

14. Mrs. Martha French died, aged 89. .... .A fire in 

Bassett street destroyed a carpenter shop and stable. 

15. Mrs. Alice Newton died, aged 95. 

16. Two burglars arrested in the act of breaking into 
the Middle Dutch Church, for the purpose of carrying off 
the communion service. 

17. A meeting of scientific gentlemen was convened by 
invitation of the Legislature, to deliberate and report a 
plan for the organization of a national university. Hon. 
Amasa Parker, chairman, T. Romeyn Beck, secretary. 

Mrs. Murray died, aged 90. Anthony Van Sant- 

voord died, aged 91. 



352 Annals of 1852. 

19. Eveline 0. Lansingh died, aged 20 Splendid 

aurora borealis. The weather at the time very cold and 
a high wind prevailing. 

20. Harriet Woodworth died. 

22. Mrs. Dorothy DeWitt died, aged 83. Datus E. 
Frost died, aged 26. 

23. A posse of twenty two policemen went out to the 
Helderberg to capture certain Anti Renters who had been 
concerned in tarring and feathering Mr. Fish some months 
before, and returned with two prisoners by the name of 
Turner, although they were attacked by a large party of 

Anti Renters, with weapons The anniversary of the 

birthday of Washington celebrated by a procession and 

other appropriate demonstrations A meeting of the 

young men of the city was held at the City Hall, which 
organized a society entitled the Hungarian Liberty Asso- 
ciation, a constitution was adopted and officers were 
elected. 

24. A fire early in the morning destroyed a clothing 
store and ball alley in South Broadway. In the evening 
an alarm from a house in North Pearl street, where only 
a kitchen curtain was burnt Richard H. M. Whit- 
ney died, aged 18. William Walsh, a foreigner, died, 
aged 65. 

25. Mr. Taber of the Senate, introduced a bill to incor- 
porate a company to construct a tunnel under the Hudson 
river at Albany. 

26. John Kimball died, aged 56 The Regents of 

the University made their annual distribution of the 
literature fund, amounting to $40,000. Of this sum 
$298,69 was appropriated to the Albany Academy, $509* 
41 to the Female Academy, and $169'82 to the "Female 
Seminary; total $977 '91 for the support and encourage- 
ment of education in three of our city institutions. 

28. The House of Assembly after a night of stormy 
debate, on the subject of a contested seat, adjourned at 5 
o'clock in the morning, when the seat of Col. Snow of the 
16th district was declared vacant by a democratic 
majority Mrs. Jane Floy died, aged 63. 



Annahof 1852. 353 

29. Cornelia T., wife of Lewis Wiles died, aged 31. 
Mrs. Anna Defreest died, aged 51. 

MARCH. 

2. Hugh McGrath died, aged 33. 

3. Mrs. Catharine P., wife of Anthony L. Harrison, 
died. Sarah Jane McAlister died, aged 16. Catharine 
Dooner died. 

4. Eliza McFarlane died, aged 24. 

6. The Bethlehem Washington Guards, a new German 
company, made a parade In the afternoon a riot grew 
out of the affair, a party of boys having offered insult to 

some of the Guards, and the police were called out 

Alexander Brennan died, aged 32. 

8. Meeting of the young men of the city at the rooms 
of the Young Men's Association, on the subject of the 
University, at which Frederick W. Seward presided. 

9. Alexander Borthwick died, aged 75. 

10. The gun store of 0. Churchill robbed of goods 

early in the morning William Doggett died, aged 

53 A span of horses and a loaded wagon broke 

through the ice and were lost, the driver barely escaping 
with his life. 

11. Alarm of fire at night caused by the burning of a 

chimney Meeting at the Capitol on behalf of the 

University, which was addressed by Prof. Mitchell. 

12. Michael Mannin died, aged 78. 

13. Eveline M.. wife of C. L. Underner died, aged 25. 

14. The ice moved down a little distance below the city. 

15. The heavy rain of the preceding day, raised the 
water above the docks, and the ice in the river moved 
down to Castleton, where a great barrier had been formed 
at a previous freshet. The ice from the upper streams 
passed down during the day in great quantities. 

16. Joshua G. Dix died, aged 48. Thomas Hall died, 
aged 42. 

17. St. Patrick's day celebrated with unusual cere- 
monies by the Catholics Helen, wife of Patrick 

Nally died, aged 65. 

18. George G. Brown died, aged 48. 



354 Annals of 1852. 

19. St. Joseph's Day celebrated by the St. Joseph's 
Friends Society, a German association instituted for 
benevolent purposes, who marched in procession, with a 
band of music, to the church of the Holy Cross, and took 

part in the religious services of the day Amelia, 

wife of John Meigs, jr., late of Albany, died at Milwaukie. 

About this time the governors of the hospital purchased 
the Jail for $9000. The old Green street Baptist Church 
was purchased by a theatrical company for $6000, after 
having been a church forty years. It was built in 1811, 
and used as a theatre during the war with Great Britain. 

22. William P. Bailey died, aged 42. 

23. Sarah, wife of Peter Van Loon died, aged 76. 

John Donaghey died, aged 24 The store of Michael 

Dowd took fire about 4 o'clock in the morning, but was 

extinguished with slight damage Martha, wife of 

William McMillen died, aged 41. Jane Eliza, wife of 
Henry D. Smethurst died, aged 29. 

26. The confectionery establishment of J. R. Vernam 
in North Pearl street entered by burglars and the safe 
robbed. 

27. Mrs. Richard Bulger died, aged 28. John Bulger 
died, aged 35. 

28. Steam boat Nimrod arrived ; thirteen days after the 

clearing away of the ice before the city Samuel 

Chandler died, aged 53. Mrs. Maria Shaw, widow of the 
late Jonathan Shaw, died, aged 65. Mrs. Harriette M. 
Johnson died at Utica, daughter of the late John D. P. 
Douw. 

29. Francis Leonard died, aged 32 A meeting of 

the Common Council to consider the project of loaning 
the bonds of the city to the amount of one million, to aid 
the construction of the Albany and Susquehanna Rail 
Road. The subject, after an animated discussion, was 

laid on the table indefinitely, 1 1 to 10 Ann George 

died, aged 33. Phillis Topp died, aged 64. 

30. Hugh Denniston, aged 57. 



Annals of 1852. 355 

APRIL. 

1. Caleb Benjamin died, aged 84. William Brownlow 
died, aged 24. 

2. William Leggat died, aged 52. Joseph Henry Peck* 
ham died, aged 17. 

4. Mis. Margaret Higgins, formerly of Albany, died at 
Utica. 

5. John D. Hewson died, aged 63, He held the offices 
of alderman, supervisor and loan commissioner at the 
time of his death, and was a man of irreproachable charac- 
ter. Mrs. Jubal T. Russell died. Mrs. Catharine Me* 
Gee died, aged 37. 

6. Benjamin L. Wallace died, aged 55. 

7. Catharine, wife of John Steelman died, aged 26. 
Charles Gilchrist died The ceremony of the pre- 
sentation of a new scroll (sepher torah') was held at 
the synagogue Bethel in Herkimer street. The scroll 
consisted of the five books of Moses, written in Hebrew. 

10. John Griffin died, aged 27. 

13. The Legislature adjourned at half past 9 in the 
morning, having sat 24 hours without any recess, an un- 
precedented feat in legislation. 

14. Mrs. Nancy Van Emburgh died, aged 64. Mar- 
garet, wife of Anthony McGuire died, aged 32. 

15. Snow storm. 

16. Flood submerged the docks Margaret wife of 

William Sands died, aged 35. Mrs. Helen Thompson 
died, aged 62. Loren P. Fairman died in California. 

17. The Legislature adjourned at half past five in the 
morning, having continued in session 102 days, and two 
whole nights. 

18. Elizabeth Hale died, aged 53. Mary Kane died, 
aged 18. 

19. John Murray died. Elizabeth, wife of John Ne- 
ville, died. John Frazer died. 

20. Erie Canal opened for navigation. Less business 
than usual on account of the heavy rain storms and high 
water. .... .The new board of Common Council took 

their seats and elected officers for the ensuing year 

The workmen commenced laying the foundations of the 

31 



356 Annals of 1852. 

First Baptist Church on the corners of Hudson, Philip 
and Plain streets. 

21. The docks and pier submerged again Mrs. 

Jane, widow of the late James Carmichael, died, aged 77. 
Margaret Gunn died, aged 19. 

22. A meeting of citizens at the Capitol, in relation to 
the Susquehanna Rail Road; G. Y. Lansing, pres., E. 
Corning and 34 others, vice presidents, J. I. Werner and 

13 others, secretaries Allen Brown, formerly and 

for a long time a merchant in Albany, died at Roxbury. 
Peter Van Loon died, aged 78. 

23. Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer, of Cherry Hill, 
died, aged 78. 

Gen. SOLOMON VAN REKSSELAER, long known in the history 
of the city and state, by his civil and military position and ser- 
vices, died yesterday afternoon at his residence at Cherry Hill, 
n short distance below the city. He was in the ?8lh year of his 
age. His death was sudden, he having maintained the vigor 
of his constitution throiuh a long life of hard service and pome 
suffering. In the sketch helow, which we take from the State 
Register, the reader will find an ample record of the main inci- 
dents of his eventful life. One passage is omitted (perhaps 
rightly so) that might have illustrated the degree of animosity 
which once prevailed in politics a drama of partizan violence 
and virulence in which the first men in the state figured. We 
do not allude to it now, except because it was so much in con- 
trast with the relations which his political adversaries bore to 
him in after life. Though a federalist, he was appointed to office 
under Monroe, and retained by his successors, Jackson and Van 
Buren, till the removal of the Democratic state officers by the 
Whig legislature, and the sweeping change made in the De- 
partments of the State, induced Mr. Van Buren to appoint Mr. 
F'lagg to the post office. Restored by Harrison, with whom he 
was in relations of intimacy, he was removed, at the instance 
of his Whig associates, by Tyler. His claims on Gen. Taylor 
were regarded as of great force, but the fact did not secure his 
appointment; and he fared no better under his National Whig 
successor, the present incumbent of the chief Executive chair. 
He was unswerving in his political views and attachments, and 
the demeanor of his political adversaries towards him was an 
acknowledgment of the value and extent of his public services. 
Mas. 

Gen. SOLOMON VAN RENSSELAER was born in the town of 
Greenbush, and in the old Genet Mansion, at the foot of the 



Annals of 1852. 357 

hill, Haifa mile back from the river, and about three miles from 
this city. His father was Gen. Henry K. Van Rensselaer. who 
fought with great ardor and distinction in the Revolutionary 
war, and was desperately wounded at the battle of Fort Ann, 
Washington county, in this state. This action has never occu- 
pied the place in the history of that war which its importance 
entitles it to. It occurred several days before the great battle 
which resulted in the defeat and surrender of Burgoyne, en 
Betnis Heights, and was swallowed up and forgotten in the su- 
perior brilliance and importance of that decisive conflict. It 
was maintained for an entire day by a force of about 1,000 men, 
against an advanced brigade of Burgoyne's army, and was u 
series of desperate and bloody skirmishes. It was fought by 
order of Gen. Schuyler, who felt the importance of checking the 
enemy's advance at that point. Gen., then Col. Henry K. Van 
Rensselaer, commanded a regiment of 500 men, which was en- 
tirely mustered on the Van Rensselaer Manor. The stand taken 
by them held Burgoyne in check an entire day, and enabled 
Schuyler to remove artillery and stores from Fort George, 
strengthen his position on Bemis Heights, and gain invaluable 
time. But it nearly cost the brave Van Rennselaer his life. 
As he was rising from a kneeling position, after firing a fuzee, 
he received a musket ball in his thigh, which passed down to 
his knee. The ball was afterwards removed by a surgeon, by a 
most frightful operation, and he never entirely recovered from 
the frightful wound. So close and desperate was the encounter, 
that he lay many hours after he fell within hearing of the groans 
of Col. Armstrong, of the British army, who was also badly 
wounded. 

Gen. IT. K. Van Rensselaer afterwards lived for many years 
in this city, and died here some 28 years since, at the age of 
about 76 years. Gen. Solomon Van Rennselaer inherited the 
military disposition and dauntless heroism of his father. At the 
early age of 18 he was appointed a cornet in a company of 
dragoons, mustered in Greenbush, and joined the army under 
the command of Gen. Anthony Wayne. Before he was 20 he 
was promoted to the command of a troop. In the battle of 
Miami, August, 1794, under " Mad Anthony," he received a 
terrible wound through the lungs, which was supposed to be 
mortal, but which his youth and vigorous constitution enabled 
him to surmount. How he acquitted himself, the despatches of 
Gen. Wayne bear ample and conclusive testimony. He stiff: red 
greatly from the effects of this wound until 1797, when he was 
commissioned by Gen. Wilkinson, at Philadelphia, to perform a 
delicate and dangerous military duty, which he promptly and 
satisfactorily discharged. He was also particularly noticed by 



358 Annah of 1852. 

Gen. Washington, and raised by him to the command of a 
squadron of cavalry, after a personal interview with that great 
man. 

After the disbanding of portions of the army took place, (Ten. 
Van Rensselaer was appointed adjutant-general of this state, 
under Governor John Jay. This appointment he held during 
the respective administrations of his successors, Governors 
George Clinton and Morgan Lewis, for nine years during Gov. 
Tompkins' administration, and for nearly the whole period of 
Gov. De Witt Clinton's, which latter period was subsequent to 
the time he rendered such important and brilliant (service in his 
country's behalf, in the capacity of aid to Geu. Stephen Van 
Rensselaer (the late Patroon), who was appointed by Governor 
Tompkins to take command of the forces raised for the defence 
of the northern and western frontiers of this state, in 1812. The 
history of that campaign is well known to every reader familiar 
with the events of the last war, as it is still called. 

The brilliant, but unfortunate battle of Queenstown, was 
fought on the 13th of October. The plan of it was simple and 
soldier-like, and, if it had been carried out in full, would have 
resulted in a brilliant and decisive victory. As it was, the force 
under Col. Solomon Van Rensselaer, contending with greatly 
superior numbers, stormed and carried the fort. The gallant 
Colonel fell, riddled with wounds, and bleeding profusely, but 
cheered with the shouts of victory. But the reinforcements 
neglecting to cross the river at the proper time, the enemy came 
up in superior force, and the fort was retaken, and Van Rens- 
selaer's troops were obliged to retreat. 

Ensign Morris was killed, and Capts. Malcolm, Armstrong 
nnd Wool, were wounded in this action. Col. Solomon Van 
Rensselaer received a ball in his hip, which passed out at his 
spine, two in his thigh, one of which lodged and which he car- 
ried to the day of his death two in his leg, and a sixth contused 
his heel. With all these he kept his feet until the enemy fled 
towards the town, and Capt. Wool, by his orders, ascended the 
mountain and carried the battery. During this time he had 
concealed his wounds under a great coat borrowed from Maj. 
Lush; and when the party filed off before him, unable any long- 
er to stand, he fell to the ground, about daylight, among the 
dying and the dead, and was only prevented from fainting by a 
crust of bread and a cup of water, furnished by one of the form- 
er. While in this situation, the shouts of victory reached him 
from the hill, and remunerated him for all his Bufferings. 

This closed his active military life; and we have only room 
to just glance at his subsequent career. 

lie was elected to Congress from this district the year we do 



Annals of 1852. 359 

not recollect and served his term faithfully and ably. At its 
close he received we believe, under Monroe's administration 
the commission of post master of this city, which he held under 
the successive administrations of Adarns and Jackson. He was 
removed by Van Buren. In 1839, he was the Albany District 
Delegate to the Whig National Convention at Harrisburgh, Pa., 
and was one of the delegates from this state who cast his vote 
for his old companion in arms, Gen. Harrison. He had the 
satisfaction to see that gallant soldier and pure statesman nomi- 
nated for and elected to the presidency, and from him received 
again the appointment of post master of this city, which he held 
until removed by Tyler. Since that time, he has not been in 
public life, and has resided with his family at Cherry Hill. 

James Duncan died, aged 49. Elijah Hubbard, for 
many years a merchant tailor in South Market street, 
died at Ft. Edward, where he was stationed as a Method- 
ist preacher, a profession he had followed twelve years. 

24. Mrs. Rosanna Murray died, aged 52. Samuel 
Crane died, aged 78. 

25. Mary Ann Boom died, aged 38. 

26. The funeral of Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer at- 
tended from Cherry Hill by the military and a large con- 
course of people By the spring arrangements of the 

Hudson River Rail Road, the New York papers were re- 
ceived at half past ten in the forenoon, instead of coming 
up by the afternoon steam boat, at three or four o'clock. 
Margaret Catharine Veeder died, aged 26. 

27. James Dey Ermand, jr. died, aged 27 The 

office of Clement Warren in Water street robbed of its 
most valuable effects at mid-day. 

28. Mrs. Ann Fitzgerald died, aged 47. Ellen McGuire 
died, aged 48. Daniel S. Newton, formerly of Albany, 
died at Kilback, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. 

29. Margaret Horn, died aged 32. Owen Ward died, 
aged 30. Mrs. Betsey Drohan died. 

30. By the report of the chief of police, John Morgan, 
it appeared that during the three months past, 734 arrests 
were made by the police; 698 destitute accommodated 
with lodgings; $2500 counterfeit money seized; arrests 
by police constables 312, making 1,046 arrests. But 3 

fires occurred The whole amount of money rais'ed 

by tax for the city and county expenses, was $191,769. 



360 Annals of 1852. 

MAY. 

1. John Johnson died, aged 54. 

2. John H. Nichols died, aged 26. 

3. Mrs. Elizabeth Williamson died, aged 77. William 
Scorsby died, aged 37. 

4. Mrs. Harriet M., wife of Thomas J. Dobbs died, 

aged 21 A fire occurred in Norton street, which 

destroyed several wooden buildings, including the dwell- 
ing and bathing establishment of Dr. Dean The 

office of Coffee, Bruce & Turner, Van Rensselaer's dock, 
was entered by burglars and robbed of valuable articles. 

5. The hair dressing establishment of J. W. Blanchard 
in Broadway, was entered by burglars, about three o'clock 

in the morning, and several articles taken away 

Margaret L. Bleecker, wife of Henry A. Allen, died, 
aged 33. Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Leonard, died, 
aged 79. 

6. James O'Donnell died, aged 40 An unknown 

man, supposed to be a German, threw himself into the 
river at the foot of Westerlo street, and was drowned. 

Bridget Lane died, aged 40. Charity Pangburn 

died, aged 73. 

8. Samuel S. Peck died, aged 48. Mrs. A. B. Hutchin- 
son, daughter of the late George Wilcox of Albany, died 
at Jersey City. 

9. A thunder shower, during which a house in Lydius 

street was struck by lightning A burglary in William 

street Ann, wife of Abram E. Jackson, formerly of 

Albany, died in New York. 

10. There was a rise in the river occasioned by the 
melting of snow at the upper sources at this late season. 

The docks were nearly submerged William McElroy 

died, aged 34. 

11. Betsey, widow of John Buckman died, aged 55. 

12. Edward Murry died, aged 41. 

13. Mrs. Mary Kane, aged 29, widow of the late John 
Inncs Kane, and daughter of the late Leonard Kip of 
New York, was buried from St. Paul's Church. 

14. Catharine, wife of Martin Stalker, died, aged 31. 

15. A man fell from the steam boat Hendrik Hudson 
and was drowned. 



Annals of 1852. 361 

16. Lemuel Sherwood died, aged 68 A mad bull 

was killed in Arch street, and a mad dog shot in Dove 
street. 

17. There were upwards of 80 sail of vessels in port. 

18. Kossuth, the Hungarian exile, arrived by the 
eastern train in the afternoon, and was received by the 
military and citizens, and escorted through the city to 
Congress Hall, where he was addressed by Gov. Hunt. 

19. Joel J. Kibbe died, aged 38. 

20. Louis Kossuth made a brief address at the Third 

Presbyterian Church, to an audience of about 800 

A meeting was held at the Capitol, of the opponents of 
the loan of the city credit to the Albany and Susquehanna 

Rail Road, the mayor in the chair A meeting of 

German citizens was held and a society organized for the 
protection of emigrants against frauds on their arrival in 
the city. 

21. James Hannah died, aged 55. Elizabeth, wife of 
James Jackson died, aged, 36. Mrs. Kerin died. Mrs. 

Mary Ann Ward died, aged 43 Kossuth left the 

city by rail road to Niagara, having received material aid 

to the amount of about $2000 in Albany Mrs. 

Lydia C. Pickering died, aged 35. 

22. The river had subsided to its ordinary level for the 

first time since the 25th March, a period of 57 days 

A meeting of the friends of the loan of the city credit to 
the Albany and Susquehanna Rail Road was held at the 

Capitol. John Townsend in the chair Christopher 

Streeter, formerly of Albany, died at Delavan, Wisconsin, 
aged 48. 

24. Mary Farrell died, aged 40. Mrs. Margaret Ash- 
ton died. 

26. John Donovan died, aged 52. Abram P. Johnson 
died, aged 21. 

27. William H. Rawson died, aged 20. Mary McEntee 
died, aged 75. 

28. Elizabeth Hiney died, aged 75. Rebecca Beebe 

died, aged 80 At a meeting of the trustees of the 

Dudley Observatory the following officers were elected: 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, president; Thomas W. Olcott, 



362 Annals of 1852. 

vice president, 0. M. Mitchell, cor. secretary; J. H. 
Armsby, rec. sec. ; Isaac W. Vosburg, treasurer. Plans 
of the observatory building were presented by Mr. Down- 
ing, and the following appointed building committee: John 

N. Wilder, E. Wickes and John B. Tibbets of Troy 

Elizabeth Judson died, aged 69. 

30. Bridget, wife of John Gaffney died, aged 68. 
JUNE. 

1. A meeting of citizens was held at the City Hall to 
consider the matter of tendering to Thomas Francis 
Meagher, the Irish exile, a public welcome to the capital 
of the state. Speeches were made, and a committee ap- 
pointed to make arrangements for the reception 

James Donovan died, aged 19. 

2. Sarah Hoffman, wife of John M. B. Davidson, died, 
aged 22. Harman W. Elmendorf died, aged 35. Eliza- 
beth Linacre died, aged 65. 

5. Kossuth addressed the Young Men's Hungarian 
Association at Association Hall, which was well filled 
with people, and beautifully decorated. He stated that 
this was probably the conclusion of his wanderings in 
America. The amount of material aid which he had re- 
ceived in Albany was about $2200. The exercises were 
opened by prayer by Rabbi Wise, the first occasion, per- 
haps, at which a Jew officiated in a similar capacity in 

Albany Ebenezer J. Don died, aged 20. Sarah 

Murphy died, aged 61. 

6. A wooden building in Wilson street, probably fired 
by an incendiary, was burned to the ground about 2 

o'clock in the morning It has been unusual of late 

years to mention quick trips of sloops, so much greater is 
the speed of steam boats. The sloop Capitol, Captain 
Hawkins arrived at the dock, at 1 1 o'clock at night, 
having made a trip to Providence and back in 7 days and 
9 hours, including two days detention at Providence, un- 
loading her cargo of corn and flour, and taking in return 
cargo. 

7. The Common Council revised the law requiring dogs 

to be muzzled Kossuth left the city for New York 

in the morning steam boat Alida. 



Annals of 1852. 363 

9. Mrs. Anna Lansing died, aged 88. 

10. A large building in progress of erection on North 
Ferry street for a steam planing mill, was blown down, 
killing one of the workmen and wounding four others. 

Britton B. Tallman died, aged 54. Mrs. Catharine 

Hewitt died, aged 38. 

11. The grand jury presented the pond on the west 
side of Lark street, corner of Lancaster, as a public 
nuisance, arising from its stagnation, and from being the 
receptacle of dead animals and garbage. This was for- 
merly the head of Rutten kill, and its condition a good 
many years ago, before the ravine was filled up, gave rise 
to an article in the Temperance Recorder, which led to 
a libel suit between Mr. E. C. Delavan and the brewers. 

The water had long been used for malting Mrs. 

Christina Laramer died, aged 80. Lewis Aspinwall, for- 
merly of Albany, died in New York, aged 60 The 

south wall of White's malt house, a building six stories 
high, on North Ferry street, fell in, and several men who 
were at work in taking it down, were severely injured. 

William Irwin, formerly of Albany, died at New 

Orleans of cholera, aged 29. Mrs. Emily White died, 
aged 40. 

14. A new express train commenced running from New 
York to Buffalo in 14 hours. The train which left New 
York at 6 A. M. arrived at the depot on this side at 10 

minutes past 10, and arrived at Buffalo at 8 P. M 

Isaac L. Weaver died, aged 41. 

15. Thermometer 95 on the shady side of State street. 

Mrs. Jane Radley died, aged 53. Mrs. Caroline 

Hutchinson died, aged 27. 

16. Thermometer 96 on south side State street 

Magdalena Wynkoop died, aged 63 Five burglaries 

were found to have been committed during the night. 

17. Mrs. Mary E. Grimes died, aged 21. 

20. Sophia wife of John S. Hughes, died at Buffalo, 
aged 40 ; late of Albany. 

21. The new steam boat Francis Skiddy arrived from 
New York John Gallien died, aged 30. 

24. Jeannie wife of Joseph Warren died, aged 23. 
27. An accidental fire destroyed the Albany Nail 



364 Annals of 1852. 

Works, on the opposite side of the river, near Troy, 
owned by Messrs. Corning & Winslow. The loss of 
property was about $50,000, which was insured; and more 
than 200 workmen were deprived of their customary oc- 
cupation. 

29. Depeyster D. Austin, late of Albany, drowned at 
Memphis, Tenn., aged 19. 

30. The new steam boat Francis Skiddy made the 
passage up from New York in 7h. 25m.; or 6h. 55<|m., 
deducting time lost at landings. 

JULY. 

1. Richard Finn died, aged 22. Mrs. Ellen Early died, 
aged 37 Store No. 700 Broadway opened by burg- 
lars at night Mrs. Catharine Rubey died. 

3. James Stevenson, an estimable citizen, died, aged 
65. He held the office of Mayor, and other trusts, with 
credit to himself, and to the satisfaction of his constitu- 
ents. 

Mr. STEVENSON was born in this city, and after completing 
his education, which was thorough and liberal, pursued the 
study of the law with the late John V. Henry, of this city, and 
was subsequently admitted to the bar. Being early possessed 
of a competency, he paid but litile attention to his profession, 
and soon became deeply interested in the welfare of his native 
city. After having repeatedly served as a member of the 
Common Council, he was in 1826 appointed Mayor, and held 
that office till 1828 succeeding the late Ambrose Spencer, and 
being in turn succeeded by Hon. Charles E. Dudley. And from 
that period down to within a few weeks of his death, he has 
ever been found practically and usefully interested in every local 
enterprise. The last capacity in which he served the city was 
as President of the Board of Water Commissioners for Albany, 
and his resignation was caused by his declining health. In this, 
as in every other station held by him, he rendered prompt and 
valuable services. 

He was for many years an officer of St. Peter's Church, a 
trustee of the Albany Academy for more than thirty years, and 
a member of the Albany Institute. 

The death of Mr. Stevenson will not be less generally mourn- 
ed, than long and widely felt in our city. Though his manners 
were so unobtrusive as to render him less prominent than many 
whose usefulness and activity could not compare with his, yet 



Annals of 1852. 365 

his departure will be realized in n thousand ways, for his life 
was a busy one, and of practical usefulness. 

The remarks of Aid. Dexter in the Common Council on 
Saturday, and the resolutions submitted by him in reference to 
the death of Mr. Stevenson, so eloquently and truthfully sum up 
the virtues that adorned the character of the deceased, that we 
have nothing to add, save that his loss is truly an irreparable 
one, creating a void that may not be filled; for he was one of 
tho few surviving members of that once large class of polished, 
high toned, old fashioned gentlemen who, in years gone by, lent 
such a lustre, and shed such a delightful and genial influence 
upon social life in Albany. With integrity above reproach, a 
character of spotless purity, and perfect suavity of manners, com- 
bined with true dignity, James Stevenson nobly represented the 
gentlemen of the old school, passed through a long life with un- 
interrupted honor, and has gone down to his grave universally 
admired and lamented. Register. 

Charles E. Simmons, aged 17, drowned by falling off a 
sloop Mrs. Christina Andrew died, aged 79. 

5. The anniversary was celebrated as usual by the citi- 
zens in the morning, J. I. WERNER, Esq., orator; and in 
the afternoon by the Young Men's Association, S. G. 

COURTNEY, Esq., orator A fire broke out in a 

building in North Pearl street, which burnt off the roof. 

The remains of Henry Clay were received at the 

steam boat landing at ten o'clock at night, and escorted 
by torch-light to the City Hall by the military and fire 

companies The Theatre in Green street reopened, 

after an interval of nearly 40 years, during which it was 
used as a Baptist church. 

6. The remains of Henry Clay were escorted to the 
rail road by the Burgesses Corps, and accompanied by 

them to Syracuse Mrs. Caty Shepherd, who died in 

New York on the 4th, aged 65, was buried in Albany. 

An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of the roof 

of a dwelling in North Ferry street. 

7. Thomas Kessan died, aged 49 The Board of 

Supervisors entertained the subject of dividing the county 
of Albany, proposing to set off with the city a part of Water- 
vliet and of Bethlehem, as the county of Albany, and_erect 
anew county from the remainder of the present county, 

8. John Cochran died, aged 30 Closing exercises 



366 Annals of 1852. 

of the 16th term of the State Normal School, when Prof. 
Perkins took leave of the institution. 

10. Several persons were sun-struck during this and 
the preceding day Jane Ann Moore died, aged 37. 

11. Mrs. Caroline A. Anderson died, aged 21. 

12. Mrs. J. McCrossen died, aged 66 Daniel Har- 
ris died, aged 73. 

13. Mrs. Flood died, aged 40. 

14. Mrs. Catharine M., wife of George W. Gladding, 
died, aged 27. 

16. Mrs. Jane M. Foster died, aged 33. 

17. John Brangan died James McEnelly, aged 40, 

was drowned by falling from a barge. 

19. A fire at No. 96 State street damaged the furniture 
of a large wareroom, but was soon extinguished by the 
bountiful supply of water from the hydrants. 

20. John Brady and John Connors were drowned in the 

pond on Patroon street, while bathing The store of 

Hagaman & Cowell robbed by burglars. 

22. Ralph McClintock died, aged 84. 

23. The large paint and drug store of A. McClure & Co., 
in State street, consumed by fire, and two persons severe- 
ly burnt by the ignition of alcohol. 

24. John Bamber, who was burnt at the fire of the 
previous evening, died at 1 o'clock in the morning, of the 
severity of his bums Robert Niblock died, aged 32. 

25. Mrs. Sarah, widow of the late Daniel Harris, died, 
aged 66 Elizabeth Drake died, aged 18. 

26. Thomas James died, aged 47 Moses K. Vea- 

ziedied, aged 28. 

28. E. A. Camp died, aged 33 The steam boat 

Henry Clay burnt, on her way down the river. Nearly a 
hundred lives lost. 

30. James Wilson died. 

AUGUST. 

1. A fire at 10 o'clock at night, in a grocery store, cor. 
Church and Lansing streets, was extinguished with small 
damage. 

2. Joseph M. Holmes died, aged 33. 



Annals of 1852. 367 

5. Mrs. Sarah Cunliff died, aged 44. John Whish 
died, aged 57. Thomas Adee died in New York, former- 
ly of Albany. 

8. Edward Rafferty died, aged 57. 

10. Mrs. D. R., wife of Uri Burt, died, aged 59. 

12. Catharine Nowlan died, aged 88. William Mc- 
Donald died. Wm. Gibson died, aged 46. The 

performances at the Green Street Theatre were brought 
to a close by the sheriff, who took out the scenery. 

Nicholas McMahon died, aged 64. Rebecca Conine 

died, aged 88. 

13. A fire occurred in a grocery in Orange street, which 
was got under, with the damage of a part of the building; 
loss $200 Joshua R. Hays died, aged 55. 

14. A fire damaged an outhouse in Lumber street. 

15. A man fell from a fourth story window in Hamilton 
street, and was killed; and another from a sloop, and was 

drowned; both intoxicated Gilbert Shattuck died, 

aged 32. 

16. A fire damaged two frame buildings in William 
street. Another alarm in the afternoon arose from the 

burning out of a chimney First public procession 

of the Turn-verein and Sing-verein, who had a steam boat 
excursion down the river. One of them, Rein-hart Andol, 
aged 20, was drowned. 

18. Isaac Hempstead died, aged 48. 

19. A fire at the corner of Cross and Orange streets, 
destroyed a small wooden building Margaret Sheri- 
dan died, aged 16. 

20. Mrs. Sarah Reid died, aged 69. 

21. Wm. Henry Duncan died, aged 23. William D. 

Wynkoop died, aged 43 Alarm of fire at 11 o'clock 

at night, caused by a fire in some brush, three miles out. 

22. A boat, containing about 15 or 20 persons, who 
were crossing the river at the rail road ferry, was cap- 
sized, and but five escaped with their lives. 

The news of the calamity spread rapidly through the city, and 

in a few minutes thousands were hastening to the Pier many 

fearfully apprehensive that some ol' their relatives or iriemls were 

among the unfortunates. As soon as possible, boats were sem 

32 



368 Annals of 1852. 

to drag the river for the dead bodies. In the course of an hour, 
four, and before 9 o'clock, ten, were recovered probably all that 
were drowned. Their names were as follows: 

Peter Engle, aged 22; a native of Germany; lives with hia 
father at No. 720 Broadway. Recognized by his brother, Nicho- 
las Engle. Segar-maker, and orderly sergeant of the German 
Rifle Corps. [His watch was stopped at 40 minutes past 4.] 
William Sporborg,9 years and 10 months old ; born in America; 
lived with his father, at No. 101 South Pearl street. Augustus 
A. Kreuder, son of George Kreuder, No. 15 Montgomery street; 
19 years old; native of Germany; fifteen years in America. 
Joannah Diinfrey, 21 years old; from county Waterford, Ireland; 
has a sister in this country, and a brother living at Cincinnati; a 
servant iti the family of Dr. Ford, Washington street; friends at 
No. 155 Orange street. Recogni/ed by her sister. Anthony 
Valentine, county Kildare, Ireland; has been three years in this 
country; recognized by his cousin, Mrs. Gary; lives at No. 108 
Water street; has a brother at Auburn; remains token charge 
of by his friends. Bernard Gill, native of the city of Dublin, 
Ireland; recognized by his friends; had $2'33 in overalls, and 
38 in porte monnaie; was a ferryman. Martin Murphy, aged 
32; a laborer, and cousin of the woman who was drowned. 
George Hartman, moulder, worked for Messrs. Ransom & 
Co.; aged 34 years ; a native of Germany. His brother, George 
Adtuns Hartman, has taken charge of his remains. Joseph 
Franks, 19 years old; a native of Germany; has no parents in 
this country ; was a clerk for Joseph Sporborg. Remains taken 
charge of by his uncle, Isaac Franks. Unknown man, about 
live feet eight inches high; dark brown hair; dark blue eyes; 
has a German appearance; wore a black coat, vest and pants, 
and high boots; had a Troy railroad ticket, one key, one cor- 
nelian ring, two white linen handkerchiefs, one marked R. B., 
or R. D.; two small scars on his forehead; linen shirt, and grey 
woolen socks. Remains taken charge of by Coroner. 

23. Hamilton Bundy died, aged 24. George H. 
Bullions, son of Rev. Peter Bullions, late of Albany, died 
at New Orleans. 

25. James Maher died, aged 72. 

We regret to announce the death of an aged and esteemed 
citizen of Albany, JAMES MAHER. Mr. M. was born in Ireland, 
but he passed the greater portion of his life in this city, where 
for more than half a century he was known for his intelligence, 
his public spirit, his patriotism, and the deep interest he took in 
the fortunes of his adopted fellow-citizens, and in the measures 
tor their social, political and religious advancement. 



Annals of 1852. 369 

He was one of the earlier class of emigrants, wliose advent to 
this country was cotemporaneous with the formation of the 
Constitution a hody of educated and energetic men, whose in- 
fluence was early felt in the country, and who at once acquired 
position in it. Mr. M. entered mercantile life, and was at the 
head of an extensive and profitable business when the war of 
1812 broke out. Without looking at the sacrifice, Mr. Maher 
promptly organized a volunteer corps the Irish Greens, of 
which he was chosen captain and placed it at the disposal of 
the government. He served with distinction through the bril- 
liant campaign of Niagara, and was in active service through the 
war. 

He was for many years the state librarian, was repeatedly 
chosen to the common council, was a candidate of the Demo- 
cracy for sheriff, and received from the general government 
the appointment of paymaster to the troops the small emolu- 
ments of which however, were, after a brief time, abolished. 

Though for many years in imperfect health, he retained the 
appearance and vivacity of youth, to an extreme old age. In his 
death, the city loses one of its most spirited and devoted citizens, 
and his fellow countrymen a sympathizer, counsellor and friend. 
Mas. 

Mary M., widow of the late Lawrence Paddock, died, 
aged 47. Delia Ann, wife of Wm. Davis, died, aged 
31. Jane R., wife of Squire Moon, died, aged 31. 

26. Thomas O'Connell died, aged 77. Mrs. Armenia, 
wife of Wm. Whitney died, aged 53. Mrs. Catharine 
Peacock died, aged 36. 

27. John Conley died, aged 52. Henry B. Webb died, 
aged 48. 

28. Two companies of Hudson firemen arrived, and 
were received by company 11. 

30. Mrs. Elizabeth Havens died, aged 76. Jacob Van 
Ness, formerly of the city, died in New York, and was 

brought up for interment The Jersey Blues, a 

military company from Paterson, arrived by the day boat, 
and were received by the Burgesses Corps and escort- 
ed through the city Mrs. Catharine Shields died, 

aged 50. 

31. A fire in Orange street damaged a shed only 

Ellen Rider died, aged 57. 



370 Annals of 1852. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. Elizabeth Bell, died, aged 53. John Hancock died, 
aged 28. 

2. Desire W. Peckham died, aged 84. Arthur Shields 
died, aged 46. John W. Wands died, aged 55. 

3. Daniel K. Winne died, aged 63. Wm. Mascord 
died, aged 51. 

4. Eliza Born, wife of Joseph S. Henshaw, died, aged 
aged 34. Jeannie W., wife of Thomas Lord, daughter of 

the late Jonas Wickes, died at Bridgeport, aged 23 

The steamboat Reindeer, while on her way up to this city 
from New York, burst a flue at Bristol, about 40 miles 
below Albany. By this disaster 7 persons were instantly 
killed, and about 25 more died in a short time. Among 
them were Mrs. Lockwood and daughter, Mr. D. N. Bow- 
ers and wife, and H. D. Holdridge of Albany. 

5. John Pitkin Norton died at Farmington, Ct., aged 30. 
He was a native of Albany, an eminent agricultural 
chemist, and a professor of that science in Yale College. 

6. Dr. Joel A. Wing, one of the oldest and most valued 
physicians of Albany, died at Hartford, Ct. 

For many months, Dr. Wing had been suffering under a 
malady, attended with aberration of mind, which defied medical 
treatment, and mocked all hopes of recovery. 

The deceased was universally beloved, and professionally 
occupied the highest rank among his brethren, in and out of the 
city. Devotedly attentive to those under his charge, skillful, 
ixperienced and successful in his practice cheerful and warm 
itarted he was a model of a family physician and in all the 
relations of life a pattern of usefulness and good works. His 
society was sought after, as well for his professional learning, as 
for his admirable social qualities. In both respects he was the 
object of the warm esteem of all who had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance during a residence of nearly forty years in tin's city. 

" Dr. Wing (says the Evening Journal) was a native of the 
comity of Berkshire. He studied his profession under Doctor 
De La Ma'er, in Florida, Montgomery countv, and received his 
license to practice in May, 1811. He commenced his practice 
in Columbia county, but removed to Albany in 1814. In 1825, 
he received the honorary degree of Doctor of Medicine from 
Williams College. In 1843 he was elected President of the 
State Medical Society. In 1848, the only time he ever allowed 
himself to become a candidate for office, he was elected a Mem- 
ber of the Legislature." 



Annals of 1852. 371 

Few men were better calculated to win and secure ardent 
friends, and few depart more universally and deeply lamented. 
.tfrgus. 

7. Susannah wife of George Osborn died, aged 61 

The city authorities took possession of the south ferry, 
the lessee, Lansing D. Abeel, having forfeited the same. 
The jail calendar contained the names of 21 per- 
sons waiting trial as follows: manslaughter, 3; attempt 
to kill, 1; robbery, 1; forgery, 1; grand larceny, 9; re- 
ceiving stolen goods, 2; attempt to commit arson, 1; 

false pretences, 1 ; disorderly person, 1 John Austin 

died at San Francisco, aged 39. 

9. Mazeppa Engine Co. No. 48 arrived from New York, 
and were received and entertained by D. D. Tompkins 
Engine Co. No. 8, of this city. They marched to the 
City Hall, where they were welcomed by Mayor Perry, 
and in the evening the lire department honored their 
guests with a torch-light procession. 

10. A copper kettle, containing 200 barrels of beer, fell 
from its place in Messrs. Taylor & Son's brewery, doing 
great damage to the premises. 

11. The grand jury closed their session, by presenting 

to the court 25 indictments John Joynt died, aged 

35. 

12. Sarah Ten Eyck, formerly of Albany, died at 
Amsterdam, N. Y. 

13. Mrs. Ann Cameron died, aged 34 The dry 

goods store of Bernard Hiller, in South Pearl street, was 
robbed of goods worth $500, before daylight in the morn- 
ing. 

15. Abraham Sickles died, aged 42. Mrs. John 
Lacey, formerly of Albany, died in New York. 

16. Emily, wife of Wm. Johnson, died, aged 28. 
Mrs. Catharine Staats, daughter of the late Jacob Cuyler, 
and widow of Barent G. Staats, died, aged 86. An- 
thony Gearon died, aged 54. Thomas R. Richardson 
died at Milwaukie, aged 52. 

18. Rensselaer Reno died, aged 49. 

19. Thomas Austin Hammond, of Orwell, Vt., died at 

122 State street A fire in Washington street slightly 

damaged a shoe store William Spears died, aged 37. 



372 Annals of 1852. 

20. Mrs. Mary Eurnop died, aged 75 The Green- 
bush ferry leased to Stephen Harris for 12 years, at an 
annual rent of $4,000. 

21. S. A. Parke died, aged 54 A meeting of rail 

road engineers, to take into consideration the tunneling 

of the river at the rail road ferry Elizabeth, wife 

of Henry Eager, died, aged 36. 

22. Ira Nichols died. 

23. George Hanfbrd died, aged 62 The lots 74 

and 76 State street, purchased by A. McClure, for $15,- 
000. 

24. The two story wooden store on the pier, above the 
cut, was destroyed by fire, with the contents, consisting 
of grain and flour, belonging to S. M. Fish Co. The 
first use of a fire annihilator in Albany was made here, 
with good effect. 

26. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a chim- 
ney Thomas McCambly died, aged 24. Mrs. 

Elizabeth Beaver died, aged 61. 

27. Mary C., wife of Garret Bensen, died. 

29. Mary Montanye died, aged 16. Anthony Wood 

died, aged 45 At a meeting of the common council, 

Wm. Seymour was elected city chamberlain, in the place 
of C. W. Bender, who had faithfully discharged the duties 
of the office during ten years. Henry C. Southwick 
was elected deputy chamberlain, in the place of Hamlet 

H. Hickcox Mr. Harris having declined to accept 

the lease of the ferry, it was awarded to Messrs. Akin & 
Schuyler, at an annual rent of $2.200, conditioned that 
the lessees should keep two large steam boats for the con- 
venience of passengers. 

30. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a bed in 
the attic of a house in Hamilton street. Damage slight. 

John Coleman died, aged 27. Jacob Winne died, 

aged 53. 

OCTOBER. 

1. Mrs. Ann Fitzpatrick died, aged 40 At a trial 

before the Circuit Court, there were seven witnesses who 
were of the aggregate age of about Jive hundred and nine- 



Annals of 1852. 373 

teen years, as follows: David Newland, 88 years; John 
Van Zandt, 86; John Erwin, 78; Wra. McHarg, 76; S. 
Topping, 72; Jesse P. Mitchell 61; A. D. Rosekrans, 
(about) 58 making a total of 519 years. 

2. Mrs. Elizabeth Cure died, aged 62. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Potts died, aged 75. Mrs. Elizabeth Boardman died, 
aged 76. 

3. Edwin H. Williams died, aged 43. Bridget 

Guarin died, aged 23 The congregation of the First 

Baptist Church held their first service in the lecture room 
of their new edifice, corner of Philip and Plain streets. 

5. Margaret Countreman died, aged 80. Matilda 
Ann, wife of John Mitchell, died, aged 23. Mrs. 
Mary D. Foot died, aged 30 A Convention of dele- 
gates from Congregational Churches in different parts of 
the country, met, to the number of about 500, at the Con- 
gregational Church in this city. Dr. Hawes. of Hartford, 

delivered the introductory sermon in the evening 

A striped bass, weighing 25 Ibs., was taken with a hook 
by Capt. Hitchcock, while fishing from the Pier. A bass 
of that size is seldom taken in that way here. 

6. Joseph Weaver died, aged 43. 

8. A fire in Water street destroyed nine wooden stables, 
and burnt three horses The Congregational Conven- 
tion adjourned after a session of four days Mary E. 

Price, wife of Sylvester Hull, died, aged 19. 

11. Capt. Ira Gridley died, aged 68 Messrs. 

Schuyler & Akin took possession of the Greenbnsh ferry 
on lease, bringing a good steam ferry boat to the work. 
Mrs. Mary Porter died. 

15. James K. Strain died, aged 35. Mrs. Sarah, 
wife of Peter Fitzpatrick, died, aged 68. 

16. Joseph Neely died, aged 52. Sarah Lane Cun- 

liff died, aged 19 Gen. Winfield Scott arrived in the 

city, and was escorted from the depot to the Capitol, 

where he was addressed by John C. Spencer David 

Carson, late of Albany, died at Dubuque, Iowa, aged 36. 

18. Gen. Chauncey Humphrey, late of Albany, died at 
Middlebury, Vt.. Mrs. Margaret, wife of Wm. Mc- 

Hench, died Gen. Scott left the city in the morning 

for New York. 



374 Annals of 1852. 

19. Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Lewis, died, aged 60. 
Ann, wife of Felix Loughran, died, aged 36. 

20. Christopher Dunn died, aged 54. 

21. Lorenzo M. Bedell died, aged 35. .. The Albany 

City Volunteers organized by an election of officers, as 
follows: John Arts, Captain; Francis Marshall, 1st 
Lieut., Christopher Hess, 2d Lieut. 

22. Emily E. Williams died, aged 17. Eunice Moore 
died, aged 64. Mary, wife of Andrew Davison, died. 

25. A Temperance Convention was heM at the City 
Hall, which nominated county officers for the ensuing 

election Caroline, wife of John Krantz, died, aged 

47. 

26. Miss Angelica Lovett died. Alida Visscher 

died, aged 31 A meeting of the members of the 

Albany bar was held at the City Hall, to express their 

sentiments on the death of Daniel Webster Michael 

Dady died, aged 42. 

27. John Scott died, aged 70. 

28. A telegraphic dispatch from Troy, requesting the 
assistance of the Albany engine companies to extinguish a 
fire which threatened a considerable portion of the former 

city Mrs. Hannah Rawls, formerly of Albany, died 

at Romeo, Mich., aged 63. 

29. The citizens of Albany, by recommendation of the 
Mayor, closed their places of business at 12 o'clock, dur- 
ing the funeral services of Daniel Webster at Marshfield. 

In the evening, a great mass meeting of the Whigs 

at the Capitol, and a large procession of the Democrats. 
There never was before such a display of banners and 

transparencies in State street At a meeting of the 

Common Council, the Mayor offered a resolution that 
boxes be placed at the polls, for the purpose of receiving 
contributions to the Washington Monument. 

30. Bridget Donahue died, aged 32 Antonio Lo- 
pez, a Portuguese sailor, died at the station house, whither 
he had been taken, insensible, from exposure in the 
streets. 



Anwls of 1852. 375 

NOVEMBER. 

2. Election day ihe result of which was, the success 

of the whole Democratic ticket Welcome C. Tucker 

died, aged 21. Sophia M. Walworth died, aged 21. 

4. A fire on the dock, above Steuben street, destroyed 
several poor wooden tenements. 

5. John A. Zeilman died, aged 75. 

7. Mrs. Margaret Vanderzee, late of Albany, died at 
Newark, aged 67. 

9. Matthew Kizinger committed suicide by stabbing 

himself to the heart with a carving knife John 

Clark hanged himself with a handkerchief in his cellar. 

10. Great democratic procession in honor of the recent 
success of the party in the election of their candidates. 

11. John Harrington died, aged 57. 

13. Thomas Ryan, formerly of Albany, died at Phila- 
delphia, aged 61. 

14. William A. Bard well, formerly of Albany, died at 
Brooklyn, aged 43. Richard Bygate died, aged 27. 

15. A fire on the pier destroyed part of the contents of 
Messrs. Griffin & Buel's flour store. 

16. Sarah widow of the late Capt. Israel P. Hand, 
died, aged 77. 

17. Joseph Gibson died, aged 38. 

18. George Turner died, aged 22. 

20. The dwelling houses 162 and 164 Lydius street 
were entered by burglars and robbed of plate, jewelry and 
other articles. 

21. Dedication of the cathedral by Archbishop Hughes, 
assisted by another archbishop, five bishops, and above 
fifty priests. An audience of nearly four thousand people 

witnessed the ceremonies Stephen Langiidge died, 

aged 52. 

22. First snow of the season. 

23. A convention of the friends of a rail road from 
this city north to Plattsburgh was held in this city, Hon. 
Erastus Corning, president Mrs. Mehitabel Web- 
ster died. 

25. Democratic Festival at Stanwix Hall in commemo- 
ration of the recent achievements of the party at the 



376 Annals of 1852. 

polls Wm. Chatfield, late of Albany, died at Wa- 

tertown, Wisconsin, aged 81. 

DECEMBER. 

1. The Rev. A. A. Thayer was installed pastor of the 
Universalist congregation, which had for some time been 
without a pastor. A new organ was also provided for 
the church. 

2. Mrs. Priscilla Fay, relict of the late Edward Fay, 
and formerly a resident of Albany, died at Sacramento, 
Cal., aged 63. 

5. Dr. James A. Russell died, aged 29. 

6. John En os Helme died, aged 21. 

The Chamberlain and Finance Committee submitted an esti- 
mate of the probable deficiencies, which, in their opinion, will 
exit-t, in consequence of the sums authorized to be raised by 
chap. 139 laws 1848, being less than the probable expenditure 
during the municipal year on the same accounts. Also, an 
estimate of the amount that will be received prior to the close 
of the municipal year from apportionments and assessments, 
approved and confirmed during the year ending Nov. 1, 1852, 
with the balance that will remain unpaid at the close of the 
year. The amount authorized by the a-:t referred to, to be 
raised to pay the interest on the public debt, contracted prior to 
May 1, 1848, exceeds the sum that will be required for that pur- 
pose. It is estimated that the following sums will be required 
to be raised by tax to defray the contingent expenses of the city 
for the year, viz: 

For contingent expenses (ordinary) $30,000-00 

For expense of Fire Department 10,000-00 

For purchase of additional lands for district schools 

Nos. 1,3 and 8 .. 2,400-00 

For purchase of lot and erection of schoolhouse for 

colored children 2,500-00 

For deficiency in amount authorized to be raised for 

the expense of Police Department 2,000-00 

Total $52,900-00 

Authorized to be raised 30,000 00 



Deficiency $22,900-00 

To defray the expense of providing, lighting and re- 
pairing public lamps $10,500-00 



Annals of 1852. 377 

Authorized to be raised 10,000 00 

Deficiency $500-00 

The aggregate of all the apportionments and assess- 
ments approved and confirmed during the year 

ending Nov. 1, was $10,230-58 

There was received on account of the same during 

the year 9,448-85 

$6,831-73 
Estimated receipts to close of year 1,831-73 

Deficiency ... $5,000-00 

The Committee recommend the following to be included in 
the tax lists of this year to provide for payment of interest on 
city debt, appropriated to Sinking Fund and for the support of 
citv government during the year, viz: 

Police Department, $27,000 00 

Public Lamps, . 10,500-00 

Interest on debt contracted prior to May 1, 1848,. . . 27,f 00-00 

Interest on waier debt, 8,000-00 

Account of Sinking Fund, 10,000-00 

Temporary relief of city poor, 5,000-00 

Contingent expenses (ordinary J $30-000 

Fire Department, 16-000 

Water for Alms House, 2 000 

Purchase of land for District Schools Nos. 1, 

3 and 8 , 2-400 

Colored School House and laud, '. 2-500 

52,900-00 

Account of Public Schools, 5,000-00 

Deficiency on account of improving streets, 5,000-00 

$150,400-00 

The annual report of the Chamberlain, Trustees of the City 
Sinking Fund, and the Trustees of the Western Rail Road Cor- 
poration Sinking Fund, were received and referred to the 
finance committee. 

The following presents a condensed statement of these docu- 
ments: 

CHAMBERLAIN'S REPORT. 
Receipts from November 1, 1851, lo November 1, 1852. 

Water Loan, $200.000'00 

Water Rents 48,835-98 

City Water Works, 11,22674 

City Water Debt, interest, 9,3 : 6-03 

Assessments, 48,491*57 



378 Annals of 1852. 

Costs on Assessment sales, |100 00 

Rente, 1,981-97 

Commutation of Rents, 612-00 

Keal Estate, 766-10 

Bond* and Mortgages, 50-00 

Interest, w 7,409.07 

Dividends 279-50 

Markets, 1,951-50 

Police Office, 366-04 

J ustices' Court, 2,300-48 

City Poor, 6,197-30 

Alms House, 6,473-53 

Contingents, 2,391-32 

Redemption, 1,67470 

Surveyor's Office, , 241-00 

District Schools, 12,336-48 

City Taxes, 136,900-00 

County of Albany, 1 1,000-00 

Temporary Loan, 20,COO'00 



Total Receipts, $530,901-31 

Cash on hand NOV. 1. 1851, 63,704-44 



Total, $594,605-75 

Disbursements during the same period: 

City Water Work.*. $216,969-25 

City Water debt, interest account, 41,733-43 

Wter Rents, 1,225-22 

Trustees of Sinking Fund, 52,426-03 

Interest, 35,503 61 

Basin assessment, 64*99 

Grading and paving streets, 65,876-24 

Constructing drains, 3,774 70 

Costs on assessment sales, 158-50 

Alms House, 35,847-82 

City Poor, 10,779-81 

Police Department, 27,565-28 

Police Office, 1,872-25 

City Lamps 10,03603 

Fire Department, 16,178 92 

Ferry, 468-37 

Markets, 1,564-99 

District Schools, 13,415-14 

Surveyor's Office, 1,200-00 

Salaries, 4,700-00 

City Hall, 1,146-21 



Annals of 1852. 379 

Elections, 534-50 

Printing and advertising, 1,074*35 

Justices Courts, 3,40374 

Court of Special Sessions, 60-50 

Redemption, 1,57676 

Repairing, &c., streets, drains and wells,. . 10,260-56 

Contingencies, 9,25772 

Total disbursements, $558,674-82 

Cash on hand Nov. 1, 1852, 35,930-93 



Total, $594,60575 

TRUSTEES OF SINKING FUND. 
Receipts. 

Sales Real Estate, $5,272-10 

From City Treasury, 35,000-00 

Tax, 10,000-00 

Assessments, 5,950-89 

Loan from City, 8,015 93 



Total Receipts, $64,238-92 

Expenditures. 

Redemption City Bonds. 7 per cent., $50,626-03 

do. 6 do 4,800-00 

Payment to Chamberlain, 3,812-89 

Deposited to apply on Water Debt, 5,000*00 



Total $64,238 92 

WESTERN RAIL ROAD CORPORATION SINKING FUND. 
The investments made by the Trustees are as follows, viz: 

Bonds and Mortgages, $221,042 

City Bonds (canceled) , 55,000 

City Water Stock, 60,000 

Total, $336,042 

The amount thus invested has been derived from the following 
sources : 

Contribution by Western Railroad Co $193,111'10 

Interest on investments, 137,417*04 

Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank (overdrawn) . . 5,513'86 



Total, $336,042-00 

9. The City Volunteers, a new military company, Capt. 
John Arts, made their first appearance, in an unique uni- 
form. 

33 



Annals of 1852. 

10. John Taylor's malt house partially destroyed by 

fire; loss about $15,000 John Mitchell died, aged 

41. Eliza Kennedy died, aged 65. 

11. Gilbert Millen committed suicide by poison, at the 
Merchant's Hotel. 

12. John B. Gibbons, late of Albany, died in New York, 
aged 31. Ellen, wife of Henry Pierce, late of Albany, 
died in California. 

13. Garrit Lansing Van Heusen, formerly of Albany, 
died at Newark, N. J., aged 37. 

14. Miss Rebecca Eights died, aged 76. James Scher- 

merhorn died, aged 19 Grace Church dedicated 

by Bishop Wainwright, assisted by thirty clergymen. . . . 
Mrs. Sarah Shaw died at Amsterdam, widow of Isaiah 
Shaw, formerly of Albany. 

15. The canal closed; boats had almost entirely ceased 

to run, the season being so far advanced The sales 

of barley in the market amounted to 1,620,300 bushels; 

the prices ranging from 64 to 84 cts John Kinney 

died, aged 65. Mary, wife of Levi C. Tuck, died. 
Elizabeth, wife of Isaac Litterby, died, aged 103. 

16. The river navigation had so far ceased, that but 
one vessel under canvas was seen within a range of forty 
miles, and that was bound for winter quarters below. 
Some of the lesser steam boats still made their trips, 
slightly obstructed by floating ice. 

17. Mrs. Sarah Hubbard died. 

19. Annual meeting of the Albany Tract Society., Re- 
ceipts of the past year $1345; expenditures, $1148. Num- 
ber of distributors, 100. Rev. David Dyer had been em- 
ployed as agent of the society, since July last. 

We gathered from the report that there are at present 100 dis- 
tributors, who visit 120 districts; number of visits of Superin- 
tendent (Rev. Mr. Dyer) and his Assistant (Mr. Cone) during last 
six month*, 4069; that during the year, 656,466 pages of tracts 
have been distributed ; 143 bibles and 69 testaments given away ; 
127 sermons preached ; 166 sick persons visited; 17 funerals 
Attended; 121 persons relieved; JOO induced to attend public 
worship; 133 children brought into Sunday schools; $200 dis- 
tributed among the poor, &c. There are four mission stations 
under the general supervision of the Society, whose meetings 



Annals of 1852. 381 

are generally well attended, and to each of which a Sabbath 
school is attached. Besides these, three sewing schools have 
been established, and from these instrumentalities the managers 
hope for much good. The report also referred to the facilities 
which the Society afforded for the judicious distribution of aid 
to the poor, and particularly pressed this point upon the attention 
of the benevolent. Rev. Drs. Kennedy and Campbell, and Rev. 
Mr. Post, delivered addresses. A collection was taken up, and, 
after a benediction, the audience dispersed. Express. 

20. The Green Street Theatre, which had been a long 
time undergoing improvements and decorations, opened 
this evening, under the management of Madame de Mar- 

guerittcs Horace Meech formerly of this city, died 

at Freeport, 111., aged 63. 

22. The river was entirely frozen over, so that the 
boats could no longer move through the ice. The Hen- 
drik Hudson was frozen in, on her way down the river, 
about ten miles below the city. 

23. Mary Lindsay died of apoplexy. John Cayhe 

died, aged 31 The supervisors fixed upon the rate 

of assessment of the city and county. For assessed 
valuation of real estate in the city, see table, page 385. 

24. Nathaniel Rogers, formerly keeper of the Delavan 

House, in this city, died at Buffalo, aged 50 The 

water rose in the river so as to carry the newly formed 
ice entirely out, except a barrier at Coeymans, which ob- 
structed navigation. 

26. A fire corner of Church and Vine streets destroyed 
the morocco factory of Anable & Smith, and the stock 

therein The pews in the Cathedral, to the number 

of 180, were rented; the first twenty in the middle aisle 

at $40 each The new church edifice of the First 

Baptist Society, corners of Hudson, Philip and Plain sts., 
was opened for service. 

27. Waterman's dry goods store, in Washington street, 

robbed by the clerk Alarm of fire, caused by the 

burning of a chimney The pews in the Baptist 

Church, on Philip street, were rented at prices varying 
from $16 to $36. 

28. Michael Maher died, aged 59. Isaac Denniston 
died, aged 86. 



Annals of 1852. 

29. The police were attacked, and four of them seri- 
ously wounded, by a party of Irishmen, in the northern 
part of the city The Isaac Newton, having been pre- 
pared by a sheathing of iron, forced her way through the 
barrier of ice at Coeymans, and arrived at the dock, fol- 
lowed by the Hendrik Hudson Mrs. Ann Randall 

died, aged 53. 

30. Alarm of fire from a millinery shop, which was 

extinguished before much damage was done Another 

fire in Blunt's Building, which was also soon extinguished. 

31. The Mechanic's and Farmer's Bank closed its 
business, on the expiration of its charter, which was 
granted in 1811. (See Annals Albany, vol. i, p. 32 ) 

Of the original Directors of the Bank, the following gentlemen 
survive : WILLIAM FOWLER, GILES W. PORTER and WALTER 
WEED. Of the first Officers of the Bank, all but the President, 
the late SOLOMON SOUTH WICK, survive, viz: The then Cashier, 
,G. A. WORTH, is now President of the Union Bank of New 
York. The first Clerks were ISAAC Q. LKAKE, PHILO L. MILLS 
and THOMAS W. OLCOTT. Mr. OLCOTT, the Junior Clerk, at a 
salary of $'250 a year, was appointed Cashier in 1817, and be- 
came President in 18^6, upon the death of the late EZRA AMES. 
The Presidents of the Bank were, successively, SOLOMON SOOTH- 
friCK, ISAAC HUTTON, BENJAMIN KNOWER, EZRA AMES and 
THOMAS W. OLCOTT. Its Cashiers were G. A. WORTH, T. W. 
OLCOTT, E. E. KENDRICK and THOMAS OLCOTT. 

The financial history of the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank 
has been one alike satisfactory to stockholders and useful to the 
business interests of our community. It has furnished, except 
in two emergencies when a suspension of specie payments was 
authorized by law, a uniformly sound and desirable currency. 
Beside its regular semi-annual dividends, this Bank made, in 
1830, a surplus dividend of 50 per cent. Its stock sold, a few 
days since, 100 per cent, above par, an advance which probably 
indicates about the amount of its surplus dividend upon the 
final close of its affairs. The same stockholders, taking the 
same name, will organize a new institution, with the same 
capable and experienced officers, under the General Banking 
Law, simultaneously with the expiration of their charter. Con- 
nected with the new institution will be a Savings Bank Depart- 
ment, where the earnings of the industrious and frugal may be 
deposited with the assurance of safely under all and every con- 
tingency. With the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, to which 



Annals of 1852. 

we have had frequent occasion to apply for favors, both for our 
friends and ourself, and were never refused, we should part with 
regret, if, Phoenix like, another institution, under the same kind- 
ly auspices, were not to spring, full-grown, from its ashes. 
Though Banks are artificial creations, and therefore " soulless,** 
we have found among those who manage moneyed institutions 
men with both souls and hearts. Some years ago, when the 
Canal Bank failed, its notes, having entered largely into general 
circulation, were held by journeymen, laborers, seamstresses, 
&c., &c. The brokers, in a season of panic, were purchasing 
those bills at 30, 40, and even 50 per cent, discount Those 
least able to lose were necessarily the largest sufferers. To 
save this class of citizens from such hard sacrifices, Messrs. 
Olcott, Towusend, Corning, King, Taylor, Sherman, Plumb 
and Kendrick, the Presidents and Cashiers of the Mechanics' 
and Farmers', State, Commercial and City Banks, authorized us 
to seek out all the laboring and poor classes who held Canal 
Bank bills, and redeem them at par. This authority was un- 
limited, except as to brokers and rich persons. Acting with the 
late James Maher and the late Duncan Campbell (two of the 
best and truest-hearted men we ever knew), thousands of dollar* 
were thus saved to the mechanics and laborers. Each of the 
Banks named furnished its proportion of the Redemption 
Fund. Journal. 

The mean temperature of December was 24, being 2 
higher than December of the year 1851. 

ALBANY MARKET. Rye from 80 to 85 cts. per bu. of 60 Ibs.; 
Corn, 75 cts. ; Barley, from 68 to 72 eta. ; Oats, from 50 to 53 
cts.; Beans, from 10s. to 13s. ; Flaxseed, from 9s. to 10s. ; Buck- 
wheat Flour, about $2 percwt.; Pork, from $775 to $8 per 
cwt.; Poultry, from 10 to 12 cts. per lb.; Butter, from $22 to $25 
per cwt. ; Cheese, 9i cts.; Dried Apples, $1 per bush.; Apples, 
from 12s. to $2 per bbl.; Hay, $25 per ton; Straw, $18 per 
ton. 

CRIMINAL STATISTICS. Statement of the arrests of persons 
charged with criminal offences, and brought before the Police 
Magistrates, during the month of December, 1852: 

Whole number of arrests, 246 

Arrested by the Policemen, District No. 1, 30 

"2, 59 

u "3 38 

(t u "4 40 

" by Bernardus B. Whalen, . . . .' 24 

" Elisha Mack, Jr., 12 



384 Annals of 1852. 

Arrested by Franklin Smith, 23 

" " George 6. Johnson, 9 

M " George Brainard 5 

" Myers Henderer, 4 

" Others, 3 

OFFENCES. 

Felonies False pretences, 6 

Perjury, 1 

Forgery, 1 

Grand Larceny, 4 

Attempt to commit burglary, 1 

Making thirteen cases of felony, 13 

Assault and battery, 50 

" " " on officers, 5 

Riot and affray, 6 

Breach of the peace 39 

Drunk in the street, 31 

Keeping disorderly house; 1 

Petit larceny, 35 

Vagrancy, 26 

Miscellaneous, 40 

Total, 246 



385 






^ 
ft 
tw 



H 

O 

H 
PS 



O 
m 

- 
H 

- 

ft 



11 



bee bbbbb 



-. J. -r X - r-i O ta O CO 
i ^^ocr-r^-^tcci o 

-"|CxOr-^r ^4O 



M -t = r- >.-: ^: i-x :s,-i 
^i ac Ci -* cc x a: c o ia 

t- ac * - o i- o t- * o 

'' 



-!- r. r 7 
7^ -: re r^ 



:> S: -f 5-. c i-i t7 -* o u 

F-M^f r;i-r--r - 



sS^rococoOcg Qt-- 

i-xn-->"c.t-i-t 



o <r. o c^ th r: 55 1 _ 5 

s" *-**8 



P!H; 
i 



8 : : 



*. O^SS^t-^r^ili^ 
X^ AK'^P^WtO^^' 

-* ar:xr: = cc 



ggggfggg 



rs'43sjs'?r55s 



C!xot^:--cxy 

u7 -f *i x x -: -t 

~ 



5 5 5 5 r: ^ ~i 5 5i 






t- ^j o rt ri o ^ 5"i r-. :T 
r*os ^ O r- i-i ac rt 



r? t- CC 3H- r- -* 
CCr-r-yr-"^lrfICq 

c;c7^A-cs^fi^c^ 



SOr?S 7 



PI 1 8 
|1 I 

s 'slS 



P 3 



| 5C I S 

I r-i^ i go 



3 -2 



: := : s >. : 

'' ' 



OOOOOOOOO 
3 -3 -3 -d73 -0-3 -3-3 



"S e - Sica 

25-2 : c='-== 

PJOrilii! 



. 
O 

" 1 



386 



ex, 



m 





~ | 

H 5 | 

CQ p .s 



EH ~ 

03 i 
I" 






c 

ri 



Female 
cademy 



^ 

of cf *" 



woo oooo 

(N-^ 1 (MOJ 

eveo HT-I 












'*C 

9i fc ,j3 2 . o ;-::. oT : i s g 

*^ tuD W <* J 13 ,.^O 

o^Sii * "OB * <* * ! * rt " * "* J 'Sof" 
o-T3 O*'****il***'**f>-99* 

t,cm .C-. '*'eS-.'P3a 

ft O W ^ * 4> OJ 'P^* HV M S 



-a 






387 



o o o o o 
t- 

^ON(N 



t- O 

00 O 

n oo 



o o 



oooot 
o 

^* 00 O CO 

1 ^ 



O 00 OOi 
CM o <D 
O Ol J .-I to 






e S 1 


a 



S -3 





>>5 - C. . i 



5 BE co ;^3 



Pu 
- J 
O = 



^S 5" S o -fl 5 ^ * ' 

SuSS-SsSg-H: 



ii-a^Sii 



C O ( o _ 



x CQ 

= s 



_rt 5 



.S3"^^^^^^ 
S-a"- E S E E 

2 S S S S 3 



383 



RAIN TABLES, 

Showing the quantity of Rain that fell during a part of the year* 
1850 and 1851, at Albany; communicated to the Regentsofthe Uni- 
versity by Hon. Wm. J, McAlpine, State Engineer and Surveyor. 

I have made some extensive experiments to determine the amount of water 
which can be collected for the supply of the city of Albany. 

PATROON'S CREEK, AT RAIL ROAD JUNCTION. 



Months. 


Rain 
Guage 

Inches. 


Falling water 
on an area ol 
2,600 acres. 

Cubic feet 


Amount of 
water passing 
sluice from 
same source. 

Cubic feet. 


Semi- 
yearly 
ratio. 
per 

cent 


Yearly 
ratio. 
per 
cent. 


1850, May (10 days)... 


1.21 

5.72 
8.57 
2.50 
6.56 
4.31 


11,419,980 
53,985,360 
80,883,660 
23,595,000 
61,913,280 
40,677,780 


6,681,321 

15,880,320 
24,155.732 
20,338,500 
21,805,494 
24,432,192 


41.50 
77.60 

82.60 


55.00 
80.00 


July . . 






October 


Totals 


28.87 


272,475,060 


113,293,619 




2.20 
4.41 
0.78 
4.38 
0.94 
4.41 

17.12 
28.87 


20,763,600 
41,621,550 
7,361,640 
41,338,440 
8.871,720 
41^621,580 


19,641,312 
18,438,624 
16,722,720 
15,774,848 
23,748,768 
21(076,416 


" December 


1851 January 


February 


" March 


" April 


Totals of half years, . . . 

From May, 1850, to) 
April 185] ) 


161,578,560 
272,475,060 


125,402,688 
113,293,619 


45.99 


434,053,620 


238,696,307 


1851, May 


2.61 
4.57 
3.28 
2.17 
1.27 
2.93 


24,633,180 
43,131,660 
30,956,640 
20,480,400 
11,986,260 
27,653,340 


18,583,776 
22,476,096 
21,033,216 
24.845,184 
23,016,096 
21,353,760 




July 






October 


Total, .... 


16.83 
17.12 


158,841,540 
161,578,560 


131,309,128 
125,402,688 


From Nov., 1850, to) 
Oct., 1851, j 


33.95 


320,420,100 


256,711,816 



Rain Tables. 



389 



PATROON'S CREEK, AT TfVOLI FALLS. 



Months. 


Rain 
Guage 

Inches. 


Falling water on 
an area of 

8.000 acres. 

Cubic feet. 


Amount of 
water pass ng 
sluice from 
same source. 

Cubic feet. 


Semi- 
yc-arly 

I IlliO. 


Yearly 
ratio. 


1850, July (16 days).. 


4.49 
2.50 
6.56 
4.31 
2.20 
4.41 


130,389,60! 
72,600,000 
190.502,400 
125,162,400 
63,888,000 
128,066,400 


25,489,728 
38,954,736 
38,593,288 
46,391,616 
41,018,400 
48,521,488 


33.60 
53.60 

43.42 


42.03 
49.04 


September 
" October 








24.47 


710,608,800 


238,969,256 


0.78 

4.38 
0.94 
4.41 
2 61 
4.57 


22,651,200 
127,195.200 
27,297^600 
128,066,400 
75,794,400 
132,712,800 


46,929,024 
50,599,146 
46,744,128 
46,263,140 
43,714688 
41,384,983 




March 








From July, 1850, to) 
June, 1851, [ 

1851. July 


17.69 
24.47 


513,717,600 
710,68,&00 


275,635,109 
238,969,256 


42.16 


1,224,326.400 


514,604,365 


3.28 
2.17 
1.27 
2.93 
5.00 


95.251,200 
63,016,800 
36,880,800 
85.087, 2i)0 
145,200,000 


40,127,987 
37,916,985 
33,815,474 
39,155.099 
33,905,960 


" August 




" October 


November 


From Jan., 1850, to) 
Nov., 1851, J 


14.65 
17 69 


425,436,000 
513,717,600 


124,921,505 
275,635,109 


32.34 


939.153,600 


460.556,614 



The guaging of the Pntroon's Creek has been continued at two places, from May' 
1850, to Itecember, 1851. The above tables show the amount of water which 
passed through each of the sluices on this stream for each month during the above 
period, and also the fall of water at the Albany Academy, as furnished by Prof. Cook. 

The area of the water-shed above the sluice, at the junction, is 2,COO acres, and 
that above the sluice, at Tivoli Falls, is 8.000 acres. 

The rain-guage at the academy was about five miles from the centre of the water- 
shed, and upon ground about 100 feet lower. The quantity of water which fell on 
the drainage above mentioned was not ascertained; but the guage at the academy 
furnished a c ose approximation to the true quantity, and has been used in preparing 
the following tablss. 



390 
* 





Rain Tables. 



55 



H 

^ . 

r\ _ 

S 

k-l -S>i" - 



^ .3 

O 



. 

fc Jl * 

. 



iS.* 
jM 



I I 



Q -H 



> COCO ICOC1 < 



P3 CO^'^l'Ti OJ d 5 CO 3 O OS'* 00 CO 



* 

3 <o 3) a 

ti*w< 

3 ct 



co t^ -* in to > t- t 



oiooi~oDF-t:. 



co t-^ 03 oi c> 



Greatest fall in any one month, was in July, 1850, which amounted to 8.57. Least 
fall in any one month, was in December, 1828, which amounted to 0'24. Greatest fall 
in any one year, was in 1850, which amounted to 50'97, Least fall in any one year, 
ws in 1852, which amounted to 31.79. 



(391) 



OPENING AND CLOSING OF THE RIVER. 



Table of the periods when the Hudson river opened and 
closed at Albany, so far as the same can be now as- 
certained. 



River Closed. 



February 3, 

December 8, 

December 8, 

December 12, 

December 26, 

January 12, 

January 21, 

November 23, 

November 26, 

November 23, 

January 6, 

January 3, 

February 3, 

December 16, 

January 12, 

December 13, 

January 9, 

December 11, 
January 
December 
January 

December 14, 

December 20, 

December 21, 

December 22, 

December 10, 

December 2, 

December 16, 

December 7, 

December 14, 

December 13, 

November 13, 

December 13, 
34 



4, 

9, 
19, 



1790 
1790 
1791 
1792 
1793 
1795 
1796 
1796 
1797 
1798 
1800 
1801 
1802 
1802 
1804 
1804 
1806 
1806 
1808 
1809 
1810 
1810 
1811 
1812 
1813 
1814 
1815 
1816 
1817 
1818 
1819 
1820 
1821 



River Open. Days Closed 

*March 23, 1786 

*March 27, 1790 52 

*March 17, 1791 99 



*March 
*March 



Feb. 



*A P ril 



6, 1793 
17, 1794 



28 1801 



6, 1804 



^February 20, 1806 
*April 8, 1807 

*March 10, 1808 



*March 12, 1813 



March 

April 

March 

March 

March 



25, 1818 

3, 1819 

25, 1820 

15, 1821 

15, 1822 



81 
81 



84 

42 

121 

65 



108 
110 
102 
123 
92 



392 



Opening and Closing of the River. 



River Closed. 

December 24, 1822 

December 16, 1823 

January 5, 1825 

December 13, 1825 

December 24, 1826 

November 25, 1827 

*December 23, 1828 

* January 11, 1830 

*December 23, 1830 

*December 5, 1831 

*December 21, 1832 

*December 13, 1833 

*December 15, 1834 

*November 30, 1835 

*December 7, 1836 

*December 13, 1837 

*November 25, 1838 

*December 18, 1839 

*December 5, 1840 

*December 19, 1841 

*November 29, 1842 

*December 9, 1843 

*December 11, 1844 

* December 4, 1845 

*December 15, 1846 

*December 24, 1847 

*December 27, 1848 

*December 25, 1849 

*December 17, 1850 

*December 13, 1851 

December 22, 1852 

Mem. All those marked * are derived from authentic records 
or personal observation. ., ., 

NOTES .In a diary kept by the late William Caldwell, I find the 
following entries: 

1801. February 27. The ice moved, and the river was entirely 
clear on the 28th. W. C. 

1802. January 11. The ice moved this morning, and the river 
was entirely clear at night. January 22. The river again frozen 
over. W. C. 

1817-18. This winter was long and intensely cold. On the third 
of March, 1618, the ice moved in a body downwards for some dis- 
tance, and there remained stationary. The river was not clear until 
March 25. 

1820-21. The river closed on the 13th, opened on the 20th, and 
finally closed December 1 . This was one of the four winters during 



River Open. 


Days Closed 


March 


24, 


1823 


90 


March 


3, 


1824 


78 


March 


6, 


1825 


60 


*February 


26, 


1826 


75 


*March 


20, 


1827 


86 


*February 


8, 


1828 


About 50 


*April 


1, 


1829 


100 


*March 


15, 


1830 


63 


*March 


15, 


1831 


82 


*March 


25, 


1832 


111 


*March 


21, 


1833 


SO 


*February 


21, 


1834 


73 


*March 


21, 


1835 


100 


*April > 


4; 


1836 


125 


* March 


28, 


1837 


111 


*March 


19, 


1838 


94 


*March 


21, 


1839 


116 


*February 


21, 


1840 


65 


*March 


24, 


1841 


109 


*February 


4, 


1842 


47 


*April 


13, 


1843 


136 


* March 


14, 


1844 


95 . 


*February 


24, 


1845 


74 


*March 


15, 


1846 


100 


*April 


6, 


1847 


112 


*March 


22, 


1848 


89 


*March 


19, 


1849 


82 


March 


9, 


' 1850 


73 


February 


25, 


1851 


69 


March 


28, 


1852 


105 


March 


21, 


1853 


91 



Opening and Closing of the River. 393 

a century, in which the Hudson, between Powles' Hook and New 
York, was crossed on the ice; the other three being 1740, '41, 1765, 
'66, and 1779, "SO. 

Jannary 12, 1824. The river was clear of ice, and remained so for 
several days. 

1827-28. The river opened and closed repeatedly daring this win- 
ter. Dec. 21. it closed a second time. 

1830-31. Opened in consequence of heavy rains, and closed again 
on the 10th of January. 1831. 

1832-33. Opened again January 3; closed again January 1 1. 

1834-35. March 17. River open opposite to the city. March 18. 
Steamboat John Jav came to Van Wie's Point; ice at the overslaugh. 

1S47-4S. December 24. River closed. December 31. River 
open. 

As the river throughout to New York has not always been clear of 
ice on the days stated above, the time at which the first stea nboat 
passed from New York to Albany, or vice versa, is also added for a 
few years : 

1835, March 25. 

1836, April 10. 

1837, March 31, Robert L. Stevens. 

1838, April 10. 

1839, March 25, Swallow. 

1840, February 25. Mount Pleasant. 
1841^ March 26, Utica. 

1841, February 6, Telegraph. In consequence of heavy rains, the 
river opened in front of the city of Albany on the 8th of January, 
and can hardly be said to have closed again during the season. Th 
ice, however, continued piled up some miles below, at and about 
Barren Island, near Schodack Landing, and thus rendered the chan- 
nel impassable. Cold weather followed about the middle of February, 
and again obstructed the navigation. A steamboat arrived again on 
the 1st of March, 1842. 

1843. April 13, Utica. 

1844, March 18, 11 A. M., Utica. 

1345, February 24, steamboat Norwich at 1 A. M., from New 
York. Left that city on the 22d, at 8 P. M. River full of ice from 
West Point upwards. Ice opposite Albany stationary, except a small 
portion that broke away yesterday, opposite Lydius street. 
1846, March IS. steamboats Columbia and Oneida arrived. 
1S47. April 7, steamboat Columbia. 
March 22, steamboat Admiral. 
March 18. steamboat Columbia. 

1850. March 9. steamboat Buffalo. 

1851. February 25, Oregon. 

1852. March 2S, Nimrod. 

1853. March 21, John L. Lockwood. 



GOVERNORS 

OF 

NEW YORK, DURING THE BRITISH DYNASTY, 

1664 TO 1775. 



Governors. 


Began Office. 


Time 
Years 


of Se 
MOP. 


rvice. 
Dayg 




August 27, 1664 


3 
5 

7 
1 
7 


9 
2 

7 
3 
6 
4 

1 
7 
1 
2 
8 

2 

11 
7 
4 

11 
2 
3 
6 
2 
1 
7 
6 

10 
9 
1 
11 

7 

4 

10 
1 

8 
8 
2 


22 
4 
7 
3 

14 
15 
18 
3 
1 
4 
3 
28 
16 

10 
12 
18 
2 
14 
29 
1 
27 
19 
1 
11 
28 

7 
20 

27 
18 




May 1668, 


Andros 


October 31, 1674,.... 
May 16 1672 






August 27 1683 




March 19, 1691 




July 23 1691, 


1 
5 
1 
1 


Fletcher, 


August 30, 1692 




April 2 1698 


Nanfan, 


May, 1699, 
July, 1700 




March 5 1701 




Smith 


March 1701 




May 19 1701 






May 3 1702 


6 






Schuyler, 


May 6, 1709, 




Beekinan 


April 10 1710 . 






June 14 1710 


10 
7 
3 
1 

3 

7 
10 

1 

1 
3 




September J7, ]720,.. 
April 15 1728 ...... 






July 1 1731 




August 1, 1732, 


Clarke 


March 10, 1736, 
September 22, 1743,.. 
October 10, 1753, 
October 12, 1753, 
September 3, 1755, . . . 
June 2 1757 








Hardy. . 






August 4, 1760, 




October 26, 1761, .... 
November 13 1761 . 








June 14 1762 . . . 


1 
2 
3 
1 


Golden, 


June 25 1763 . . . 




November 13, 1765, . . 
September 12, 1769,.. 
October 19 1770, .... 






Tryon, .... 


July 9, 1771, 


1 

1 


Colden 


April 6 1774 ... . 


Tryon, 


June 26, 1775, 



INDEX. 



Academy project, 328 

Albany, 343, 352, 386 

Female, 352, 386 

Statistics, 386 
Agriculture, 231 
Agricultural society, 347 
Agent to London, 21 
Akin $ Schuyler, 372, 373 
Albany mercantile company, 324 
Albany records, 4!) to 97 
Alb. Schen. rail road, 348 
Alderman, fine for absence, 145, 

164 

refusal to serve, 185 

new board, 355 
Ames, Ezra, 311, 382 
Andriessen, Albert, 20 
Annual accounts, 103, 104, 121, 
124, L25, 149, 150, 165, 
168, 176 
Anti-renters, 352 



Arms of Rensselaerswyck, vessel, 

56 

Arsenal, 308 
Assemblymen, 124, 352 
Assize, court of, 7 
Associate Ref. Presbytery, 320. 
Aspinwall, Lewis, 363 
Aukas Douw, 112 
Aurania, privileges reserved, 30 
Aurora borealis, 352 
Austin. John, 371 
Backer'us, Rev. 61, 62 
Baker, Capt., 9, 12 
Ballstown. road to, 322 
Bamber, John, 366 
Bank, 230 
Banker, Evert, 210 
Banker, Gerard, 306 



Baptist church, 346, 354, 356, 

365, 373, 381 
Jarley trade, 380, 383 
Barber Southwick, 310 
Barber, Robt. John, 277 
Jarca, Calderon de la, 347 
Bardwell, Wm. A., 375 
Bass, large, 320, 373 
Bassett, John, 324 
Bears island, 52, 54, 55, 68, 71, 

161, 164 
3eaver creek lands sold to church, 

103 
Beavers, price of, 44, 49, 69, 84, 

93 

consignment of, 51 
Beasley, Rev. Mr., 324 
Beck, T. R., 351 
Becker, Jan, notary, 10 
schoolmaster, 15 
Bedell, L. M., 379 



Beer, 90, 95, 371 
Bender, C. W., 372 
Benjamin, Caleb, 355 
Bennett, Capt., 140 
Bellomont, address to, 116 

assessment for, 210 
Bethlehem Washington Guards, 

353 

Beverwyck, 93, 94 
Bleeker, Jan Janse, recorder, 98 
Bleeker, John, recorder, 35 

mayor, 145 
Bleecker, Mr. Henry, 346 
Blockhouses. 93, 108, 123, 149, 

196, 199, 216 
Bloemart, skippar, 70 
Bogardus, Cornelius, teacher, 106 
Bogardus, Peter, 128, 131 



Index. 



Bogart, Henry J., 308 
Bondage of negro girl, 59 
Boothwick, Alex., 353 
Bradford, John M., 334 
Bratt, Anthony, sexton, 180, 192 
Bratt, Barent Albertsen, 109, 127 
Bread, 310, 311, 318, 325, 329, 

330, 333 
Brewery, 56 

accident to, 371 
Briare, Peter, 279 
Bricks, 88 
Broadhurst, Jon., sheriff, 127, 134, 

149 

Blown, Allen, 356 
Brown, Andrew 4" Co., 316 
Brown, George G., 354 
Bryan, John, 310 
Bulger, 354 

Burial ground inscriptions, 277 
Burial place, 169, 186 
Burgesses Corps, 369 1 
Burr, Aaron, 318 
Burgomasters, 77 
Burglary, 34C, 346, 351, 3^3, 354, 

359, 360, 363, 364, 366, 371, 

375 

Bygate, Richard, 375 
Butchers, public, 19 
Building, style of, 230 
Caldwell James, 231, 322 
William, 322 
medal, 349 
Calf, Claas, 51 
Camp, E. A., 366 
Canal, 309, 313, 320, 321, 355, 

380 

Canada, passport to, 106, 113 
visit to_, 129 
expedition to, 215 
Canastagione. 17, 119, 125, 144. 

163, 184^ 195 
Candles, 196 
Carmen, 99, 107, 148 
Catskill (see Katskill), 125, 152, 

154,218 

justices summoned, 98 
Carson, David, 373 
Cartel, Benjamin W , 347 



Cathedral, 375, 381 
Catholic church, 307 
Caviar, 85 
Census, 138, 314 
Chandler, Samuel, 354 
Chamberlain, 372 

annual report, 376 
Chaplains, legislative, 313 
Charter of liberties, 32 

quit rent, 168, 170 
repealed, 39 

officers, 119, 144, 162, 184, 

195 

Chatfield, Wm., 376 
Cherry Valley turnpike, 308 
Churches, 231 

privileged, 38 
Church, maintaining of, 13 

bell, 94 
, seats, 70, 146 

purchase Beaver creek, 103 

bequest to, 107, 108, 137, 
139 

at Schenectady, 118 

reader, 124 

yard, 124, 169, 186 

pasture, 128, 131, 316 

collections, 310, 327, 335 

enlargement, 146 

Troy, 329, 330 
Circus, 346 
City hall, 213, 215 
City records, 98 to 175 
City volunteers, 374, 379 
Clay, Henry, 365 

steam boat, 366 
Clench, Benjamin V., 280 
Clerk of court, 192 
Clinton, Gov., 316 
Coeymans, 104, 145 
Cohoes, 235 
Cold winter, 333 
Coleman, John, 372 
Collectors, 114, 125 
Colonists, 85 
Colonie, 327 
Comedians, 323 
Commerce, 227 
Commissaries appointed, 20 



Index. 



397 



Commissions, fines for acceptance, 

217 

Commons, 106 
Confiscated houses, 13 
Congregational convention, 373 
Congrove, lieut., 170, 175 
Constitution, convention to revise, 
318 

objections to, 336 
Contributions to church, 118 
Cook. John, 281 
Coorn, Nicholas, 43, 54. 55, 59 
Cornbury, assessment for, 212 
Cornbury, lord, 159 
Come measurer, IS 
Cornelissen, Adrian, 41 
Coroner's inquest, 109, 166 
Coster, Win. Cornelis, murdered, 

48 
County of Albany, its bounds, 39 

state and condition of, 116 

taxes, 180, 183 

divided, 315, 365 
Courts, jurisdiction of, 36 

to be established, 77, 203 
Courthouse, 124, 125, 326 

martial, 196 
Courtney, S. G., 365 
Cows sent to Fort Orange, 42 
Coxsackie, 152, 154, 218 
Craig, John, 281 
Crane, Elisha, 282 

Samuel, 359 
Crawford, John, 282 
Creek, 123 

Cregier, Martin, 45, 119 
Crier, 177, 197 
Crime, statistics of, 353, 359, 

371, 383 

Croesvelt. Bay, 115 
Crol, Bastifn Jansen, 42 
Cunningha n, Andrew, 282 
Cuyler, Abram, refuses to serve. 
185 

Johannes, 216 

John, 216, 218 
Damen, Maritie, 17 
Deacons, 139 
Dean, Dr., 360 



Death penalty for selling Indians 

guns, 4rc., 46 
Debts of city, 168 
De Decker, John. 94 
Defreest, Anna, 353 
De Hulter, a patroon, 85 
Delavall, lot granted to, 20 
Dellius grants annulled, 210 
Democratic festival, 375 
Democratic convention, 346 
Derrocratic procession, 375 
DeWitt, Dorothy, 352 
Denniston, Hugh, 354 

Isaac, 381 
Dirkson, Tonis, 40 
Divorce, 20 
Dix, Joshua G., 353 
Dixe, John. 19 
Dries, Rev. Samuel, 80 
Driving regulated, 112, 122, 168, 

198 

Dole, James, 283 
Domestic habits, 232 
Donnelly, Peter, 283 
!Don, E. J., 362 

'Dogs, required to be muzzled, 362 
Dudley Observatory, 361 
Dunn, Christopher. 322, 374 
Phillip, 346' 
Richard, 283 
Duncan, James, 359 
Dutch church, 306 

capitulation, 28 
Duties, 38, 72, 73, 150 
Dutch school, 15 
Dwyer, John Hanbury, 283 
Dyer, David, 380 
Eaglestone, Richard, 283 
Eclipse. 346 
Eights,' Mrs R., 380 
Elders, church, 138 
Electors, 319 

Elections, privileges of, 33 
Election returns, 119, 144, 162, 

184, 195, 307, 308, 315. 320, 

328, 334, 374 
Elpendam, 136, 138, 151 
Elmendorf, Harman W., 362 
Emigrant society, 361 



398 



Index. 



English school, 16 

settlements, 97 
Engraving, 311 
Episcopal convention, 324 
Episcopal church, Troy, 329 
Episcopal burial ground, 277 
Epidemic, 160, 162 
Estates, valuation of, 160, 171, 

180, 181 
Excise, 216 
Exports, 228 
Fabricius suspended, 13 

difference with, 22, 23 
Fairs, 207, 311 
Ferry, 334, 371, 372, 373 
Ferry boat upset, 367 



Fines, 110, 111, 112, 113, 119, 



Fowler, Wm., 310 

Freeman, dominie, 118 

Freight, 228 

Freemen, immunities of, 34, 35, 

142, 143, 158, 175, 177 
French panic, 24. 130, 132, 135 

Martha, 351 

war, 117 204, 206 
Freshet (see high water) 
Frontiers, 117, 205 to 218 
Frost, Datus E., 352 
Fryer, William, 284 

Isaac, 284 

John, 284 
Funeral expenses, 174 

bells regulated, 320 



Fur trade, 63, 64, 68, 87 



122, 128, 138, 142, 145, 147, jFyne, John, 126, 143 
148, 151, 164, 165, 168, 181, Gaine Ten Eyck, 313 
185, 186, 187, 191, 197, 203, jGarretson Meth. ch., 346 
217 Garrison, want provisions, 155 



Fire annihilator, 372 



Gates, Daniel V., 284 



Fires, 345, 346, 347, 351, 352, Gates, 160, 164, 177, 183, 197 



353, 354, 360, 562, 363, 365, 

366, 367, 369, 371,372, 373, 

374, 375, 380, 381, 382 

Fire apparatus. 122, 147, 165, 197, 

regulations, 168 

companies, 369, 371 

Firewood, 99, 102, 103, 128, 149, 

150, 164, 165, 167, 186, 

197, 218 
Firemasters, 111, 120, 138, 146, 

164, 186 

First ward divided, 315 
Fisheries, 329 
Fitzpatrick, Ann. 372 
Fletcher grants annulled, 210* 
Flogging for theft, 45 
Forfeitures (see fines), 197, 198, 

217 

Fort. 13. 30, 101, 211 
Fort Orange, houses at, 41, 61, 

63, 68, 71, 78, 82. 86, 87, 

91, 92, 94, 97 
Fortifications, 212, 218 

neglected, 211 
Fourth of July, 365 
Fowler, Mrs. Wm., 346 



elder, public, 17 

eneral assembly, 203, 212 

eological formations, 234 

Gerritsen, Phillip, 50 

Gibbons. John B., 380 

Gibson, Joseph, 375 
William, 367 

Gilbert, John, 197, 198 

Gill, Matthew, 285 
George, 284 

Given, John, 314 

Glass works, 231 

Glossary, 199 

Good Hope, yacht attacked, 54, 
55 

Gott, John, 348 

Gould, Job, 306 

Gould, Mrs. Mary, 351 

Gould, Dickinson" 4- Co., 306 

Governors of New York, 399 

Grace church, 380 

Grain measurer. 18 

Graves, George, 346 

Graveyard. 169, 186 
disrger, 187 

Great pasture. 128, 131 



Index. 



399 



Greenbush ferry, 334 
Grenfield, Miss, 347 
Gregory, Matthew, 286, 315 
Gridley, Ira, 373 
Groenendyk, receiver, 156, 162 
Guns, great, 196, 199 
Half Moon, 119, 125, 144. 1G3, 

184, 195, 233 
Hall, Thomas, 353 
Hamilton, Col., 330 
Hanford, Geo. 372 
Hansen, Hend., mayor, 98, 121, 

153 
assemblyman, 105, 169, 

196, 218 

Harlem rail road, 347 
Harrington. John, 375 
Harris, Daiiiel, 366 
Harrison, Catharine P., 353 
Hays, Mr. Solomon, 348 
Hays, J. R , 367 
Haystacks prohibited, 195 
Heat, excessive, 237 
Hell gate, 67 
Hempstead, Isaac, 367 
Hendrickson, William, 287 
Hendrik Hudson, 381 
Henry, Benj V., 327 
Herring fishery, 329 
Hessian fly, 225, 309 
Hewson, J. D., 355 
High water, 345, 351, 353, 355, 

356, 360, 361, 381 
Highways, 99 
Hills, Augustus S., 347 
Hill, John, 287 

Samuel, 287 
Hodge, John, 288 
Holfmeyer, Wm.,corn measurer, 

18 
Wm. estate of, 107, 108, 

116 
Hogs, to be ringed, 128, 154, 157, 

187 

Hogen, Wm., 112 
Holmes, Joseph, 366 
Hooker, Phillip, 288 
Holland, Lieut., 140, 158, 162 
Horse drowned, 353 



Horses sent to Rensselaerswyck, 

42, 46 
Horses, exportation prohibited, 

106, 113 
Efoqpital, 354 
Hospitality, 232 
Hosford, E., 328 
Houdin, Michael Gabriel, 314 
Houses, confiscated, 13 

taken down, 107, 108 

erected under Van Twiller. 
41 

by Montanye, 96 

rented for officers, 120, 133, 

170, 198 
Hubbard, Elijah, 356 
Hudson river, 227, 228 

obstructions, 309 

rail road, 359 
Humane society, 327, 335 
Humphrey, Chauncey, 373 
Hungarian association, 352 
Hunter, James, 288 
Ice broke up, 345, 353, 381 
Iggett, John, 2S9 
Indians, peace with, 9, 10, 26 

guns sold to, 46 

invade Canada, 70 

vexations of, 74 

Mohawk, privileged, 1 10 
Indian trade, 13, 110, 117, 126, 
128, 134, 149. 157, 177, 
180, 182, 192, 197 

exhibition, 346 

murder, 48, 129, 130 

houses, 13, 102, 111, 157 

sell their lands, 308, 321 

goods taxed, 204 

presents, 215 

treaty, 275, 321 
Isaac Newton steam boat, 382 
Jail, 115, 124, 125, 213, 215, 315, 

354 

James, Thomas, 366 
Jansen. Michiel, 40 

Juriaen, 19 
Jauncey, John, 321 
Jay, John, 307 
Jersey blues, 369 



400 



Index. 



Jesuit letter, 26 

ambassador, 106 
Johnson, John, 360 

John B., 314, 323 

Harriette, 354 
Joosten, Jacob, teacher, 16 
Joynt, John, 371 

Jury, trial by, 35, 139, 140, 1500 
167, 169, 182 

grand, 371 
Justices, 150, 152, 153, 156 

arrested, 152 
Katskill, 67, 68 
Kennedy, Elisha, 380 
Kerr, Robert, 290 
Kelelheyn, David, 113 

Wm., 114, 120, 133 
Kibbe, J. J., 361 
Kinderhook justices, 104, 112, 

125, 142, 152, 195 
Kine pock, 323 
Kinney, John, 380 
Kizinger, Matthew, 375 
Knower, Benj., 382 
Koren (see Coorn and Toorn) 
Kossuth, 361, 362 
La Battie, Jan, 56 
La Fayette, 226 
La Grange, Arie, 306 
Lamps, 310, 312, 318, 327, 331, 

335, 376 

La Montagne, 69, 78, 88, 95, 96 
Land, price of, 231 
Langridge, Stephen, 375 
Lane obstructed, 183 
Lansing, E. O., 352 
Lark street pond, 363 
Leake, I. Q., 282 
Le Breton, John, 291 
Legislature, 331, 355 
Leggatt, Wm., 355 
Lemet. Lewis. 335 
Lewis, Morgan, 324 
Lewis, Robert, 306 
Liberty of conscience, 28 
Library, circulating, 310 
Licenses required to trade, 143. 

147, 149, 198 
Lightning, stroke, 360 



Liquor laws, 112, 115, 119, 147, 

165, 181, 186, 194, 215 
Literature fund, 352 
Livingston, Robt., salary, 192 
Lockwood, Benj., 292 
Loockmans Govert, 43, 54, 55, 
Lopez, 374 [67,71 

Lorillard, Jacob, 307 
Lots, sale of, 172, 173, 175 

disputed, 191 
Lottery, 309 
Low, Francis, 292 
Lumber, 309 
Lutheran minister suspended, 13 

dissention from. 22, 23 
toleration, 24 
Lydius Balthazar, 292 

Joh., 128, 139, 146 
Lovelace, letters of, 8 to 27 
McClellan, Robert, 306, 324 
McClintock, Ralph, 366 
McClure, A., 372 

McDonald, Donald, 307 
John, 317, 326 

McDowell, Robert, 306 

McElroy, Wm., 360 

McGregory, Patrick, carman, 148 
porter, 188 

McMahon, Nicholas, 367 

Mad animals, 361 

Maquas incursion, 70 

Maher, James, 368 

Mail stage, 239 

Malthouse fell, 363 

Manning, Michael, 353 

Manufacturers, 231 

Males, census of, 137, 153 

Mares sent to Fort Change, 42, 46 

Maria, a slave, 59 

Maricuer, Mons., 130, 135 

Market house. 193 
prices, '383 

Martial law, 35 

Mass meeting, 374 

Matchett, James, 292 

Mayell, Alfred, 346 

Mayor, directions to, 21 

Meagher meeting, 362 

Mechanics' Farmers 1 bank, 382 



Index. 



401 



Medals, Academy, 349 
Medical society, 323 
Meech, Horace, 381 
Megapolensis, 61, 62, 64, 80 
Melgers Trentje, midwife, 16 
Melyn, Cornelius, 40, 62, 66. 76 
Merchant, George, 293 
Merrifield, William, 293 
Michielson, Jan, 41 
Midwife, sworn, 16 
Military association, 345 
Millen, G., 380 
Mitchell, John, 380 
Mohawk bridge, 233 

incursion 70 
Money, small, 70 

value raised, 78, 84 
used in business, 227 
Montreal, expedition to, 129, 130 
Moore, Rev. W. W., 346 
Morgan, John, 359 
Morrow, Samuel, 294 
Mossop, George M., 294 
Munger, Mrs. F., 347 
Murray, Mrs., 351 
Museum, 306 
Nail works burnt, 364 
Nanfan, address to, 130 

assessment for, 210 
Navigation, 227, 228,309, 319, 

354, 380, 381 
Negro songstress, 347 
Negroes to be imported, 75 

regulations concerning, 19- 
Nellegar, Joseph, 294 
New city, 229, 233 
Newland, David, 373 
Newspapers, New York, 359 
Newspapers, 226 
Newton, Alice, 351 

Daniel S., 359 
New York, intercourse forbid, 

160, 162, 163 
New York State bank, 322, 323. 

328 

Niblock, Robert, .366 
Nichols, letters from, 8 to 16 

Abram, legacy, 174 
Nimrod, steamboat, 354 



formal school, 349 
Vorton. John P., 370 
forth Methodist church, 346 
Votaries, 10, 136 
Vote, form of, 50 
Vott, Dr., 327, 330 
Oats carried away, 142 
Brien. Matthew, 314 
Observatory 361 
O'Donnell, Daniel, 360 
Oil, cost of, 49 
Olcott, T. W., 382 
Onondaga, 132, 135, 212 
Ontario wheat, 332 
Oothout, Hend., 112, 122 
Orphan asylum fair, 346 
Owen Thomas, 295 
3 wens John, 295 
'ackard, Benj. D., 295 
Palmer, Sylvanus. 324 
Paper mill, 234 
Parker Amasa. 351 
Parke, S. A., 372 

James, 193. 198 
Passages, high price, 70, 228 
Patents, list of, 126, 145, 185 
Patkook. 125 
Paving ordered, 195. 331 
Pay roll, 209 
Penniman. S. J., 349 
Perkins, Prof., 366 
Perry, Eli, 346 
Pestilence, regulations, 327 
Petcrsen, Gysje. will of, 47 
Physiognotrace, 325, 335 
Pierson, George, 348 
Pines, cutting forbid, 106 
Pinhorn, W., 210 
Plank, Jacob, 46 
Plan of Albany, 344 
Platt, Ananias, 315 
Poel, A. N. A., 109, 114, 134 
Poestenkill, 234 
Police report, 359 

attacked, 382 
Politeness, want of, 237 
Population, 137, 230, 314, 319 
Porter and town crier. 177, 188 
Porter, Ira, 296 



402 



Index. 



Porter, James, 296 

Pos, Symon, 42, 43 

Potash, 235 

Potasherv. 8 

Povey, John, 19 

Precinct, erected, 218 

Presbyterian synod of Albany, 323 

Printing office, 310 

Procession, 374, 375 

Profiles, 325 

Provisions, prices of, 207 

Pruyn, Mrs. G., 347 

Public books and accounts, 218 

Pulpit, 94 

Quarantine, 160, 162, 163, 325, 

334 

Quays, price of, 230 
Quit rents, 168, 169, 170, 172 
Rafferty, Edward, 367 
Rail road receipts, 348 

speed, 3o3 

convention, 375 
Rain tables, 388 
Ramsay, Adam, 345 
Katcliffe, 100, 120, 149, 187 
Rattle watch. 10J, 120, 122, 149, 



150 
Real estate valuation, 160, 312, 

381, 385 

Records, Albany, 40 to 97 
translation of, 333 
Reims, Edward, estate, 162 
Reindeer blown up, 370 
Releases, 172, 173, 175, ISO 188, 

193 

Religious liberty, 37 
Reno, Rensselaer, 371 



Ridder, Evert, teacher, 177 
Ridinsr, disorderly. 112, 122, 168, 

198 

Rigby, William, 297 
Riot 353, 382 
Road toBallstown, 322 
Rochefaucault, Liancourt, 219 
Robbins, Samuel, 297 
Robinson, A. D., 345 
Rodgers, Nathaniel, 381 
Roeloffe, Jan., pardoned, 14 
Romeyn, John B., 306 
Rape, case of, 1 39 
Roseboom, Hend., church reader, 

124, 161, 186 
Rosier, John, 274 
Rosie, Jan., 112, 129, 163 
Russell, James A., 376 
Ryan, Thomas, 375 
Sabbath, 111, 112, 154, 157, 308 
Salaries, 124, 161, 183, 192, 193, 
197 

representatives, 204 

commissioners, 215 
Salisbury, Capt. S., justice, 27 
Salt works, 88 
Saratoga, 233 
Schaghticoke, 331 
Schaakkook, 126, 168, 170 
Schenectady, 195, 216, 224 

churchwardens, 118 

patent, 169, 172 

fort, 211 

burning of, 240 

turnpike, 317, 318, 320 

rail road, 348 
Schepens, 77 



Rensselaerswyck, 86, 87, 90, 93, Scientific convention, 351 

94, 204, 212, 215 School, Dutch, 15, 78 

Rensselaerstein, 52, 53 note, 55, English, 16 

68, 71 j School house, 332 

Representatives, 33. 204 Schoolmaster, 15, 16, 62, 64, 106, 

convoyed, 163 
expenses, 216, 217 
Retail trade prohibited, 143 
Revenue, 124, 126, 230, 310, 335, 



376 

Rhoades, Julius, 347 
Richardson, Thomas R., 271 



177 

Scott, Gen., 373 
John, 374 
William, 297 

Scroll, presentation of, 355 

Schuyler, Col. Peter, 132, 

158, 274 



Index. 



403 



Schuyler, D., 129, 132, 135, 216 

Myndert, 215, 218 

Philip, 232, 331 

John, 233 

General, 23'J 

Harmanus P., 314 
Scudder, John, 297 
Sea want, 93 
Seminary, Female, 352 
Sepher Torah, 355 
Settlements to be encouraged, 76 
Sexton, 161, 186, 192 
Seymour, Wm., 372 
Shad fishery, 329 
Strangers prohibited to trade, 13 
Shankland, P. V., 345 
Shank, Lieut., 133, 158, 198 
Shallers Island, 104 
Shaw, Maria, 354 
Sheep sickness, 87 
Shepherd, Thomas, 297 
Sheridan, Matthew, 297 
Sheriff, 77, 96, 97, 115, 127, 134, 

197 

Sherwood, Lemuel, 361 
Shields, Arthur, 370 
Ship building, 229 
Shipping in port, 361 
Shutte, John, teacher, 16 
Sickles, Abraham, 371 
Sing-verein, 367 
Skerrett, John, 298 
S kiddy, steam boat, 363, 364 
Skinner, Jared, 320 
Skulking parties, 129 
Slavery, 59, 74, 213, 215, 230, 

313, 314, 324 
Sloop ye Cock, 19 

speed, 362 
Small coin, 70, 84 
Snow, 347 

Snow storm, 326, 333, 355, 375 
Soil, 234 
Soldiers, 165, 139, 205 to 218 

enfranchised, 158 

debt, due by, 190 

quartered, 194, 196, 212 

subsistence, 194, 195 

scow for, 10 



Soldiers, reservation, 30 
arrested, 139 

Southwick, Solomon, 298, 310, 
331, 382 

Spears, Wm., 371 

Spencer, John C., 373 
Henry, 298 
Thomas, 310 

Sporberg, Lewis, 345 

Staats, Abraham, 61 
Jacob, 112 
widow of Barent. 371 

Stanwix, George, 299 

St. Andrews' society, 325 

Sta'e Normal school, 366 

State of the country, 116, 307 

Stage, 238, 239, 330 

St. Bernard, monks of, 317 

Steam boat speed, 364 

Steele, Daniel, 316, 325 

Stevenson, James, 364 

St. Joseph's, 354 

Stockadoes, 103, 107, 113, 123, 
128, 133, 141, 142, 147, 148, 
150, 151, 156, 160, 165, 167, 
176, 186, 191, 193, 196 

Stone, Daniel D., 299 

Store house, 316 

St. Patrick's 353 

St. Peter's church consecrated, 
324 

Strain. J. K., 373 

Streets filled up, 316 

ordered paved, 331 

Street regulations, 112, 154, 157, 
178, 183, 195, 198 

Sturgeon, 85 

Suicide, 375 ' 

Sun stroke, 366 

Supercaes, Mons., 130 

Surveyors, 112, 136, 137 

Susquehanna rail road, 354, 356, 
361 

Swart, sheriff, 96 

G. schout, 9, 107, 108 

ISymensen, Jan, skipper, 43 

I Synod of Albany, 323 

JTaber, P. T M 351 

'Tallman, Britain B., 363 



404 



Index. 



Tarn arrested, 158 
Tavern keepers, 194 
Taxes, 34, 69, 84, 104-5, 



113, 



121, 122, 125, 138, 139, 141, 
146, 147, 150, 151, 152, 153, 
157, 159, 169, 171, 176, 180, 
181, 187, 188, 204, 205 to 
218, 312, 315, 376, 381 
Taylor brewery, 37 1 
malthouse, 380 
Mary Richmond, 300 
Richard, 301 
Teller, Wm.,7, 114 
Temperance convention, 374 

society, 347, 348 
Temperature, 237, 319, 326, 333, 

337, 352, 363, 381, 383 
Ten Broeck, Dirck, 306 

Abraham, 310 
Ten Eyck, Coenradt, 152 
Test, signing of, 156 
Thayer, A. A M 376 
Theatre, 354, 365, 367, 381 
Theft, trial for, 44 
Thespian hotel, 323 
Thomas, Andrews Penniman, 

319 

Thuysman, D., gelder, 17 
Tile works, 88 
Tippling houses, 112 
Tobacco works, 231 
Tonnage, 228 
Tontine coffee house, 315 
Toorn, Nicholas, 52, 59 
Torch light procession, 371 
Townsend, Theodore, 349 
Tract society, 380 
Trade of strange vessels prohibited, 

18, 21, 142 
exception in favor of Capt. 

Willett, 22 
Trade, 227, 228, 237 
Treasurer, 125 
Trials, how conducted, 35 
Troop of horse, 13, 203 
Troops, short of rations, 155 



Tunnel, 352, 372 
Turck, William, 51 
Turk, Jacob, 112. 180 
Turn-verein, 367 
Turnpike, 308, 311, 315, 331, 
320, 321, 327, 330, 332, 333 
Tythes, 96 

Universalist church, 376 
University, 347, 351, 353 
Union college, 225 
United Presbyterian church, 317, 

319 

Utthoft, Wouter, 98, 120, 133 
Valkenburgh, Jochim, 180 
Van Allen, 220 
Vander Huyghens, Cornelis, 56, 

57 

Van de Capellan, 69, 76 
Van Baas, Jan Hendricks, 20 
Van Brugh, Peter, 126, 172, 175, 

218 

Van Brugge, Charles, 60 
Van Dam, Claes Ripse, 150 
Van Derdbnck, law suit, 42, 43, 

45, 62, 88, 89 
Van Elpendam (see Elpendam) 
Van Heusen, G. L., 380 
Van Ingen James, 306, 333 
Van Loon, John, 136, 138, 151 

Peter, 354, 356 
Van Ness, Jacob, 369 
Van Noorstrandt, killed, 166 
Van Rensselaer, 40, 42, 46, 52, 
232 

Solomon, 356, 359 

John, 85 

Philip, 306, 310 

Jeremiah, 310, 342 

Killian K., 320 

Jan Baptist, 95 

Kiliaen, 98, 122, 147, 215 

Hendrick, 99, 147 

Stephen, 238, 308 

medal, 349 

rent, 13 
Van Santford, Anthony, 351 



ordered to repair walls, 160 Van Schee street, 316 



Troy, 229, 233, 335 

nail works, 364 



Van Slechtenhorst, Brant, 60, 67, 

78 



Index. 



405 



Van Twiller, Wouter, 63, 64. 66, 
70, 71,75, 79, 89, 90 

Van Vechten, Teunis. 330 

Van Vleck, Roeloff, 142 

Van Vranken Gerrit, 326 

Van Zandt, John, 373 

Veazie, M. R., 366 

Vessels, 227 

Verbeek, Gerrit, shot, 14 
Jan, 98, 100, 109 

Vernon, George, 302 

Vernor, John, 302 

Vessels, strange, prohibited to 
trade, 18, 21, 46 

Waddy, Samuel, 347 

Wands, John, W., 370 

Wages of labor, 232 

Waspinox Indians, 48, 64 



Wendel, Ariaentje, 182 
Wendell, Evert, 120 
John W., 319 
Werner, J. I., 365 
Wessels, Jotham, patent taken 

from, 20 

Dirk Cornelis, 41, 105 
Dirck, 215 
Western inland lock navigation 
company, 309, 3J3, 320, 
321 

rail road, 374 
West India company, 28 

records, 42 
Weston, Wm., 303 
Wheat, 309, 318, 329, 330 

332, 333, 334, 335, 383 
Wheeler, Smith, 303 



Washington, death of, 312, 313, jWhipple, John, 304 
314 White, Richard, 305 

anniversary, 352 Widow, dower of, 36 

monument, 374 Will of Gysje Pietersen, 47 

Watch (see Rattle watch), 100, Philip Gerritsen, 50 



102, 149, 216, 217, 310, 312, 

318, 327, 331, 335 
Water works company, 320, 325 
Waterman, Samuel, 303 
Waterford bridge, 332 
Watson, P. V., 351 
Waugh, James, 303 
Way masters, 136, 146, 164 
Weaver, Isaac L., 363 

Joseph, 373 
Webb, Henry B., 369 
Webster meeting, 374 

Charles R., 308, 312 
Weems, Capt., 139, 155, 190 
Weesmasters, 7 

Weights and measures, 8, 11, 152 
Wells, Wm. S., 303 
Wells and water, 136, 159, 189, 

218 



Wills to be attested, 36 
Williams, Thos., sheriff, 115 

E. H., 373 
Wilson, Rev. Andrew, 320 
Wind storm, 363 
Wing, Joel A., 370 
Winne, Daniel H., 370 

Jacob, 372 
Wise Rabbi, 362 
Witnesses, ancient, 372 
Wolves, bounty for, 212 
Wood Anthony, 372 
Woodworth, Harriet, 352 
Wynkoop, Wm. D., 367 

Peter, protest of, 56, 59 
Yellow fever, 310, 325 
Young, William A., 345 
Young Men's Association, 349 
Zeilman, John A., 375 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



F 

129 

A557M8 

1850 
! V.M 
' C.I 

ROBA 



m 






fi 

f ' 



So 

Hi 



m?* 

i 





v