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Full text of "The annals of Albany"

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ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



BY J..MUNSELL. 



VOL. V. 




ALBANY: 

J. MUNSELL, 78 STATE STREET. 
1854. 



PREFACE 



"All the world honors the historian who takes great 
countries in hand, and tells the story of their growth, 
truly and philosophically. But we bespeak honor for 
historians of a humbler sort for the compilers of facts 
worth preserving out of moth-eaten manuscripts, charred 
relics of town-house fires, old church session records, 
parish registries, and family Bibles for those who 
rescue from wreck and ruin the elements of history. Many 
such are laboring with excellent devotion where there is 
no hope of remuneration for their services, and unsup- 
ported by the encouragement of others engaged in like 
pursuits. They give the best of their days and infinite 
eyesight to rescue from oblivion and perishable archives 
their notes of local history, and, by the agency of the 
press, treasure them in fire-proof libraries for future use. 
Out of these various collections a master hand commands 
the appearance of philosophy that teaches by example, 
as out of the compacted rills the river runs. We hail 
every new local history with pleasure, and when the 
work is well done, are disposed to rate the author as of 
more service to the world than many a successful culti- 
vator of other departments of literature. We trust the 



iv Preface. 

young men and women of the country will look to the 
establishment, at all points where no such associations 
now exist, of county, town, and parish historical societies. 
There should not be a town in the land but has its written 
history."* 

This volume is more strictly documentary, perhaps, 
than any of its predecessors. The object of the work, as 
can be seen at a glance, though not always understood, is 
merely to gather the gross material for history. Descrip- 
tions of persons and places will be found not unfrequent- 
ly to conflict. The compiler is sometimes held responsi- 
ble for such discrepancies, but the intelligent reader should 
observe that the source from whence the article is taken 
is always given. Aiming to publish papers as we find 
them, without alteration, the orthography of the author 
whom we copy has been preserved almost uniformly, that 
while he has the benefit of his own merits, he may also 
enjoy the reputation which posterity may be disposed to 
award his peculiarities. The volume having been a long 
time in press, a few persons noticed as living at the time 
the printing was in process, have since died. Their 
names will be found in the annals of the year 1854, in 
the subsequent volume. 

* New York Daily Times. 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Notes from the Newspapers, . ^ 7 

Albany Directories, 40 

Frv's Directory, 4 , 43 

Brief History of the City of Albany, 98 

Solomon South wick, 104 

Karly Settlers of the Hudson, Ill 

The City Records, 1705 to 1710, 114 

State Street Baptist Church, 207 

Population of Albany, 1825, 216 

Rev. Henry Barclay, D. D., 217 

Capt. Anthony Van Santvoord,. 222 

Cohoes Falls, 226 

Real and Personal Property, 1851, 228 

Memoir of Charles R. Webster, 230 

Old John Jones's Grocery, 240 

A Voyage up the Mohawk, 1807, 242 

The Mohawk River, > 252 

Topography of Albany County, 1836, 254 

Turtle Soup in Olden Time, 276 

Goldsborough Banyar, 278 

First English Church in Albany, 283 

Albany in 1691 and in 1853, 285 

Description of Albany County, 1824, 297 

Annals of the year 1853, 318 

Index, 349 



vi Contents. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Page. 

Map of Renaselaerwyck, Frontispiece. 

Steam boat Clermont, 13 

Steam boat Hope, 28 

Portrait of Joseph Fry, 44 

Portrait of Solomon Southwick, 104 

State Street Baptist Church, 207 

Elm Tree Corner, 237 

Monument to Charles R. Webster, r 239 

Poling a Boat, 245 

Passing a Rift, 247 

Map of Albany County, 254 



ERRATUM. 

Page 17, at the bottom. The Experiment was a shop instead 
of a stage. 



ANNALS OF ALBANY. 



NOTES FROM THE NEWSPAPERS. 

Continued from vol. iv., p. 335. 
1805. 

Names of Streets Altered. The Common Council, in 
consequence of the extensio*n and improvements recently 
made in some of the streets, changed the names of the 
following: 

Kilby street, which from a small alley had become a 
spacious street, extending from Hudson river to Wash- 
ington street, to the name of Hamilton street. 

Bone lane, which extended from Hudson river to Green 
street, and was to be extended to Washington street, to 
the name of Division street. 

Cow lane, extending from the intersection of Grass lane 
with Hudson street, to Ludlow's property adjoining Lydius 
street, to the name of Union street. 

Grass lane, extending from Hudson to the intersection 
of Lydius street, to the name of Liberty street. 

Nail street, extending from Washington street to Eagle 
street, to the name of Lutheran street (Howard street). 

Barrack street, extending from State street to the north 
bounds of the city, to the name of Chapel street. 

Cavraly Uniform. Solomon Van Rensselaer, adjutant 
general, issued the following general orders in relation to 
the uniform of the cavalry of the state of New York: 

" The uniform of the cavalry being left by law to be 
fixed by the commander-in-chief, he directs, that it con- 
sist, for the regimental, field and staff, and troop officers, 
of a short green coat, faced with black velvet; collars, 
cuffs and wings on the shoulders, of the same; eight but- 
tons on the lapells ; two on each side of the collar, three 
2 



8 Notes from the Newspapers. 

on the sleeve, and three on the skirt; the buttons to be 
small, yellow, and of a conical form; the button holes, 
and along the edges of the coat, the bottom excepted, to 
be trimmed with gold lace or yellow silk binding; the 
epaulettes of the like color ; with buff vest, buckskin 
breeches, and long black topped boots. This regulation 
not to affect such troops as are already uniformed, until 
they shall find it convenient to provide themselves with 
new ones." 

1806. 

January. Wheat 10s. 6d. per bushel. Bread 376. Soz. 
Sdr. for Is. fine flour; 4lb. A.OZ. common. 

Jan. 30. The mansion house of Gen. Schuyler, with 
all the outhouses and grounds, consisting of four acres, 
was offered for sale. [Head of Schuyler street, on Broad.] 

Feb. 3. A law was passed by the Common Council to 
prevent forestalling, making it penal in the sum of five 
dollars, to purchase any kind of poultry to sell again. 

Feb. 4. The Albany Mechanics' society held its annual 
election at the City hall, when Charles R. Webster was 
chosen president, John Mascraft 1st vice, James Hodge 
2d vice, Isaac Hutton. treasurer. The trustees were 
Elisha Putnam, John Boardman,* Thomas Russell, John 
F. Doty, Andrew Hoffman, John Randall, Benjamin 
Knower, Elisha Dorr, James Barclay, Ebenezer Smith, 
Nathaniel Judson, Joseph Warford, Benj. Van Benthuysen. 
Elisha W. Skinner, secretary. [The survivors are in 
italics.] 

Feb. 20. The ice in the Hudson and Mohawk broke 
up on the 20th February, and the navigation was again 
restored. The snow had disappeared from the mountains, 
and the weather was that of the mild season of April. 

March. John Given, for a number of years sheriff of 
the city and county of Albany, died. 

April 2. Andrew Hoffman, flour merchant, died. 

The following appointments and promotions were made 
in the Albany regiment, the names of survivors being itali- 
cised. Matthew Trotter , Lt. Col. Com.; Sanders Lansing, 

* Recently deceased, 1853, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 9 

1st Major; Wm. Fryer, 2d do.; J. V. N. Yates, Capt. 
Light Infantry; Cornelius W. Groesbeeck, Lieut.; Jellis 
Winne, do.; Peter Boyd, do.; Wm. McHarg, do. 

The legislature at its session this year passed an act 
granting further time for completing the Western Inland 
Lock Navigation within this state. 

Also, an act for the better government of the city of 
Albany. 

It was thought to evince a peculiar spirit of enterprise 
in the citizens of Schenectady, notwithstanding the re- 
cent unsuccessful attempt to build a bridge over the Mo- 
hawk at that place, that they had entertained the propo- 
sition of Mr. Burr (who had recently constructed a bridge 
over the Delaware at Tfenton) to build a bridge of four 
arches on the site of the former one, and that the sum of 
$10,000 had been immediately subscribed by the citizens 
to the stock of the company, and operations actively 
commenced. 

April 23. On Wednesday, the 23 April, the corner 
stone of the state house was laid by Hon. Philip S. Van 
Rensselaer, in presence of the chancellor, judges of the 
supreme court, members of the corporation, state house 
commissioners, and other citizens. The site on which 
this edifice is to be erected is at the head of State street, 
on the west side of the public square. It is to be built 
of stone. 100 feet by 80, on an improved plan embracing 
much elegance with great convenience and durability. 

Frederick Beasley, John B. Romeyn, and John M. 
Bradford made proposals to the city for the establishment 
of a grammar school of such a nature that it might be 
easily converted into an academy. The first step required 
by the proposers was a fund of $10,000. 

April 30. The corner stone of the second Dutch 
church in this city, was laid by the Rev. Mr. Bradford. 
This church, in its plan and style, is much the same as 
that of St. Paul's church in New York, and when finished 
will probably be the most elegant of any in this part of 
the state. It is situated upon the old cemetery, between 
Beaver and Hudson streets, which has a front of about 
100 feet upon both. Its dimensions are 102 feet in length, 



10 Notes from the Newspapers. 

including the steeple and portico, by 66 in breadth. The 
probable expense will be about $50,000. This church 
and the new State House now erecting, together with the 
removal of the old Gothic structure, which lately incom- 
moded our streets, will in some degree show the extent 
and rapidity of our improvements. We trust the time is 
at hand, when we shall rival our sister cities in the ele- 
gance and neatness of our public buildings, and show that 
the advantage of our situation is not lost upon us, but im- 
proved to a proper degree in point of interest and orna- 
ment. 

Died on the 26th April, Marte Mynderse, aged 79 
years; a worthy and respectable inhabitant. 

On the 27 April, George Hutton died, aged 77. 

Election. Aggregate of the votes of Albany county 
for members of Assembly, showing the strength of the 
parties. Mr. Shurtleff and Mr. Verplanck, having re- 
ceived the most uniform support of any of the candidates 
on their respective tickets, the political state of the 
county is pretty correctly known by contrasting the votes 
of these two gentleman, which show a federal majoritv 
of 446: 

Federal. 

Daniel Hale, 1475 

Joseph Shurll<*ff, .. .. 1659 

Johan Jost Deitz, 148C 

Asa Colvard, 1454 

David Bogardus, 1448 

Jacob Veeder, 1477 



Dom 00 ratio. 



Abr'm Ten Eyck, 1140 

David Boyd, 1154 

J. D. Verplanck, 1213 

L. L Van Kleeck,.... 1133 

Silas Say re, 941 

G.Cleveland, 1041 



For Congress. Killian K. Van Rensselaer (federal) 
1264; Benj. De Witt (Lewisite), 910; Henry Glen (Clin- 
tonian), 602. 

The Hon. Phillip S. Van Rensselaer was on Thursday, 
May 14, elected President of the Bank of Albany, in the 
place of the Hon. Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, who declined 
a reelection. The bank declared a dividend of 4J per 
cent on its capital for the last 6 months. 

May 19. Charles R. and George Webster, publishers 
of the Gazette, admitted their nephew, Elisha W. Skin- 
ner, into the partnership, under the firm name of Websters 
& Skinner. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 11 

May 28. G. Lansing, engraver on wood, informed the 
public that he intended to practise his business in this 
city, at Mr. Myndert Lansing's in Court street. This 
mode of engraving, he says, had but of late years been 
brought to perfection, and was then so highly esteemed in 
England that scarcely any work of merit came from the 
press without ornaments of this kind. Having studied 
with the celebrated Anderson, in New York, for a consi- 
derable length of time, and being able nearly to equal 
him in his productions, he flattered himself that he should 
receive the patronage of the public, the printers and 
publishers in particular. Simultaneously with this ad- 
vertisement appears some wood cuts in the Gazette, which, 
if specimens of the workmanship of Mr. Anderson's pu- 
pil, are no great credit to either. 

June 2. Wheat 12s. 6d. per bushel. In New York 
wheat was 14s. and said to be '* looking up." In a few 
days it rose to 14s. at Albany. June 26, 13s. July 16, 
lls. Sept. 29, 10s. Nov. 20, 11s. 

June 6. Goldsborough Banyar, Jr., died in New York. 

July 16. Garret Van Zandt, " an aged and respectable 
citizen," died, aged 76. 

The commissioners appointed to lay out the line of a 
turnpike road to connect Albany and Montreal, in a di- 
rection west of lakes George and Champlain, arrived at 
Plattsburgh, the 112 mile mark, and reported that they 
had 22 miles more to complete. This road was thought 
to be of great importance to Albany, and the whole 
northern part of the state. It was thought that the in- 
habitants on the route were sufficiently awake to its im- 
portance to them, and would subscribe largely to the 
stock, and work it out on the road. The survey was 
completed to the line in November, and met the king's 
road, as it was called, at Cobel's Town. 

Dec. 21. An attempt made to rob the house of 
John Pyeon the Watervliet road, by a man named Robert 
Johnson, created considerable excitement in the city. 
The robber was brought to bay on the opposite side of 
the river, having been wounded in the neck, and was 
secured. Every citizen is familiar with the exploit of 
the ancient penny-post , William B. Whine, in this affair. 



12 Notes from the Newspapers. 

1807, 

Feb. 9. The mercury in the thermometer, at sunrise, 
stood at 52 degrees below freezing point, or 20 degrees 
below zero, in the central part of the city. Seventeen 
years previous the mercury fell four degrees lower in an 
exposed situation on the hill; but it was thought that 
this was the coldest day ever experienced in the city since 
correct notice of the weather had been taken. 

Feb. 22. Notice was given that a sermon would be 
preached in the Roman Catholic church, on Sunday 
morning, Feb. 22, by the Rev. Mr. Hurley, for the pur- 
pose of raising a collection to assist in finishing the inside 
of said church. 

A law was passed by the legislature incorporating the 
St. Patrick's society of Albany. 

Also, an act to incorporate the Mohawk Bank in the 
city of Schenectady, (Sixteen times the amount of capi- 
tal was subscribed.) 

Also a law to divide the towns of Troy and Peters- 
burgh, in the county of Rensselaer; by which two new 
towns were formed, Lansingburgh and Brunswick. 

April 3. Sanders J. Lansing died, aged 84. 

April 8. The ice in the Hudson broke up, and freed 
the navigation of the river after an obstruction of more 
than four months. ["This season the scow which plied 
between Greenbush and Albany was swamped by a south 
wind, and drowned thirty-three persons. This occur- 
rence will be remembered ^y our oldest inhabitants, for it 
was so terrible and unusual in those days, that it filled 
the city with gloom for weeks. Among the lost were 
many of our most respectable people, the funerals of 
whom gave rise to one of the most melancholy days known 
to the history of Albany. Knickerbocker, Aug. 22, 1852.] 

Isaac Hodge died, aged 81. 

May 13. Peter Lansing died on Wednesday, May 13, 
aged nearly 86; a respectable inhabitant. 

At the June term, Edward Willet. Teunis Van Vechten, 
and John Hamilton, were admitted attorneys and counsel* 
lors at law. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



13 



July. A quota of 12,000 men was required to be 
raised in the state of New York, to prevent British 
aggression; the company of Light Infantry commanded 
by John Van Ness Yates unanimously resolved to tender 
their services to the President, and signified to him by 
letter their immediate readiness for actual service. 

The Albany Volunteers, commanded by Capt. Gerrit 
Bogart followed the example of the Light Infantry, and 
tendered their services also. 

A company of Light Infantry at Schenectady followed 
their example. 

July 15. Wheat 10s. per bushel Aug. 31st. 10s. 6d. 




Sept. 5. The steamboat which left New York on Fri- 
day morning, arrived at Albany on Saturday, having 24 
passengers on board. It left Albany on Monday morning, 
Sept. 7, with 40 ladies and gentlemen as passengers. 
These events are noticed in the Gazette as briefly as 
possible, without the usual flourish, in an obscure corner 
of an extra. 

Oct. 1. It was announced in the New York Evening 
Post of Oct. 1, that the steamboat arrived from Albany 
in 28 hours, with 60 passengers. She left New York 
the next day at 10 o'clock against the tide and a strong 
head wind; ran foul of a sloop 18 miles up, which tore 
away one of her paddle wheels ; and after various deten- 
tions arrived at Albany on the evening of the 4th, at 10 



14 Notes from the Newspapers. 

o'clock, with 90 passengers; having forced her way up 
against a constant wind, with one paddle wheel. 

On the 2d September, the boat was advertised to leave 
Pauler's Hook ferry on Friday the 4th September, and 
arrive at Albany on Monday evening at 9 o'clock; pro- 
visions, good berths and accommodations provided. The 
charges were as follows: 

From New York to Newburgh, $3. Time 14 hours. 
" " " Poughkeepsie, 4. " 17 " 

" " " Esopus, 5. " 20 (t 

" " " Hudson, 5-50 " 30 " 

u " " Albany, 7. " 36 " 

It was proposed to accomplish three entire voyages in 
two weeks, from New York to Albany and back. 

On the 6th November the boat left the city of Albany 
with upwards of 100 passengers. 

Oct. 5. Wheat 1 Is per bushel. 

Oct. 15. Webb & Dummer advertised a new whole- 
sale store, No. 17 State street, opposite the post office, in 
the store formerly occupied by Messrs. Sanders & Ogden. 

Nov. 25. A bridge over the Mohawk river below the 
Cohoes falls, was completed and inspected this day. 

1808. 

Jan. 5. Wheat 9s. per bushel. 

Jan. 8. Died, on Friday morning, Jan. 8, the Rev. Dr. 
William Linn, aged 56; minister of the Reformed Dutch 
church. 

The citizens of Waterford and Lansingburgh gave no- 
tice that they should apply to the legislature for a bill 
authorizing them to erect a dam across the Hudson, for 
the improvement of the river. 

Feb. 9. At a meeting of the Common Council of the 
city on Tuesday evening, Feb. 9, John Cuyler was elected 
Comptroller of the city. 

A joint resolution passed "both branches of the legisla- 
ture appointing a committee to take into consideration 
the propriety of exploring and causing an accurate survey 
to be made of the most eligible and direct route for a 
canal to open a communication between the tide waters 



Notes from the Newspapers. 15 

of the Hudson river and Lake Erie, with a view to calling 
the attention of Congress to it, as a great national work. 
March 11. A report from the commissioners appointed 
to erect a public building in the city of Albany, was made 
to the legislature at its session this year, as follows: 
" That they-had received the following sums of money: 

From a tax on the city of Albany, $3,000 

on the city and county, 3,000 

From the corporal ion of Albany, 10,0"0 

sale of the court house, 17,000 

proceeds of a lottery, 1 2,000 

state, to be reimbursed by lottery, 20,000 

Another donation from the corporation of Albany 

this winter, 4,000 

$69,000 

of which amount 67,688 hnd been expended on the 
building, and in the purchase of materials on hand for 
completing it. It was estimated that a further supply of 
$25,000 would finish the building, and that there was 
reason to believe that the corporation of the city would 
not hesitate to be at the expense of leveling and orna- 
menting the surrounding ground. 

JOHN TAYLER, 
S. DE WITT, 
P. S. VAN RENSSELAER, 
DANIKL HALE. 

The legislature appropriated $25,000 towards com- 
pleting the State House, at this session. 

March 13. A charity sermon was preached in the 
North Dutch church, by the Rev. Dr. Nott, and a collec- 
tion taken up in aid of the Humane society, which 
amounted to $371*32; said to have been the largest sum 
ever collected in this city on a similar occasion. 

March 24. Died, on Thursday, March 24, Mr. Gerard- 
us Lansingh, in the 85th year of his age. 

Died, on the 10th April, Mrs. Jane De Witt, wife of 
Simeon De Witt, in the 48th year of her age. 

East Albany for Sale. The ground opposite the city, 
now known as East Albany, was laid out into lots, and 
offered for sale. The tract extended along the river 
more than two miles, and one mile back from the river 



16 Notes from the Newspapers. 

" containing many situations for buildings, which com- 
mand the most extensive prospects of the river and city." 
It was "laid out into blocks and squares, separated by 
streets, which are (near the river) 100 feet wide ; and in 
the rear 66 feet wide. The greater part of the blocks 
contain 3J of an acre each; some of those near the river 
contain nearly double that quantity. In all the smaller 
blocks, the lots extend from one street to another, and 
are generally 200 feet long and 50 broad." " The situa- 
tions are very eligible for mechanics, traders and inn- 
keepers. All descriptions of persons may be here ac- 
commodated, for business or residence. The medicinal 
spring, known by the name of Harrowgate, being on the 
premises, insures the speedy improvement of all the 
grounds near it." 

It may be added that another map of this property was 
got up in 1845, and the ground sold at auction. In 1808, 
it was traversed by the Columbia Turnpike and the Far- 
mers' Turnpike; in 1853, by the Boston and Albany Rail 
Road and the Hudson River Rail Road. 

It is announced in the Gazette of April 28, that the 
steam boat had arrived from New York the evening pre- 
vious, and "sailed" again that morning at 10 o'clock. 
" She is fitted up in a very superior style of accommoda- 
tion." 

Abraham Van Vechten was removed by the authority 
in power, from the office of recorder of the city, which 
called forth complimentary expressions towards him from 
the Common Council, which was federal. 

At the May election, the federals had a majority of 
1282 for members of assembly ; the following are the 
members chosen, with their respective votes : Abraham 
Van Vechten, 2692; Stephen Van Rensselaer, 2714; John 
Brown, 2597; Johan Jost Deitz, 2658; Jonathan Jenkins, 
2667; John H. Burhans, 2635. Kilian K. Van Rensse- 
laer was sent to Congress. [Died 1845.] 

Died, on Friday, June 3, Col. Phillip P. Schuyler, 
aged 73. He was a vigilant and useful partizan officer 
in the revolution, which he advocated as a citizen and 
soldier with an ardor and sincerity that evinced his at- 



Notes from the Newspapers. 17 

tachment to his country. He possessed firmness and for- 
titude of mind, as well as sensibility and integrity of 
heart. His funeral on Sunday was attended by an unusual 
concourse of friends and citizens, to pay the last tribute 
of respect to departed worth. 

The North River steam boat was advertised to leave 
New York every Saturday evening at 5 o'clock, and Al- 
bany every Wednesday morning at 8 o'clock. The boat 
is thus described in the Hudson Bee: " The steam boat is 
certainly an interesting curiosity to strangers. To see 
this large and apparently unwieldy machine, without oars 
or sails, propelled through the element by invisible 
agency, at a rate of four miles an hour, would be a novelty 
in any quarter of the globe, as we understand there is 
none in Europe that has succeeded on the plan upon 
which this is constructed. The length of the boat is 
160 feet, and her width in proportion, so as not to im- 
pede her sailing. The machine which moves her wheels, 
is called, we believe, a twenty horse machine, or equal to 
the power of so many horses, and is kept in motion by 
steam from a copper boiler 8 or 10 feet in length. The 
wheels are on each side, similar to those of water mills, 
and under cover; they are moved backwards or forward, 
separately or together, at pleasure. Her principal ad- 
vantage is in calms, or against head winds. When the 
wind is fair, light square sails, &c., are employed to in- 
crease her speed. Her accommodations (52 berths, be- 
sides sofas, &c.) are said to be equal or superior to any 
vessel that floats on the river, and are necessarily exten- 
sive, as all the space unoccupied by the machinery is fitted 
in the most convenient manner. Her route between 
New York and Albany is a distance of 160 miles, which 
she performs regularly twice a week, sometimes in the 
short period of 32 hours, exclusive of detention by taking 
in and landing passengers. On her passage last week, 
she left New York with 100 passengers, upwards, and 
Albany with 80 or 90. Indeed this equatic stage from 
Albany, with the Experiment [a public stage] of this 
city, bid fair to attach the greatest part of the travellers 
vhich pass the Hudson, and afford them accommodations 
not exceeded in any other part of the world." 



18 Notes from the Newspapers. 

July 5. Bread 4lbs. 2oz. for Is. Wheat 9s. 4d. in New- 
York, Oct. 10. 

Mrs. Cornelia Lynch Morton, daughter of the late Gen. 
Philip Schuyler, died at Philadelphia, aged 32. Her 
worth is very highly extolled. 

July 10. JOHN BARBER, publisher of the Albany Regis- 
ter, died of consumption, aged 50. He was printer to the 
state, and a man very highly respected for his moral and 
social worth. Before he took charge of the Register, he 
had been a school teacher under Mr. Merchant. 

The mayor of the city acknowledged the receipt of 
$400 from Messrs. Pepin & Breschard, circus performers, 
for the benefit of the poor of the city. 

The Common Council ordered the Old Hospital to be 
sold at public auction on the first of September. 

Sept. 4. Died, on Sunday morning, Mrs. Mary Spen- 
cer, wife of Judge Spencer, and eldest daughter of Gen. 
James Clinton, aged 36 years. " In whatever situation 
of life she was placed, her deportment was always correct, 
dignified and engaging." 

"Oct. 2. The steamboat arrived here on Sunday eve- 
ning from New York in 27 hours, the shortest passage 
that she has made. 

Oct. 17. Bread 3lbs. \\oz. for Is. Dec. 1, 3Zis. lloz, 
for Is. Flour $7'50 in New York, Dec. 1. 

Oct. 18. The sheriff acknowledged his obligations to 
the police, the firemen, and the prisoners, both in the 
limits and in close confinement, for their exertions in 
saving the jail from destruction by fire which accidentally 
broke out on the night of the 18th October. 

The expenses of the city lamps for the year ending 
Oct. 10, was $3560'44. For city watch, $2454'60. 

Died, on Saturday, Oct. 22, Dr. Wilhemus Mancius, 
aged 70. He was a valuable and respected physician, 
who had practised in the city nearly 48 years, and was 
esteemed not only as an experienced physician, but as a 
generous citizen. 

Died, on Saturday, Oct. 29, Mrs. Susan Townsend, 
wife of Isaiah Townsend, and eldest daughter of John 
Robinson, in the 26th year of her age. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 19 

Nov. 2. Ralph Letton advertised that he had taken a 
convenient room designed for a museum, next door to the- 
corner of Chapel and State streets, and had already col- 
lected a variety of curiosities adapted to such an institu- 
tion, and solicited curiosities from the public, either as 
donations or for a price. 

Nov. 11. Died on Friday evening, of consumption, 
the Rev. James Burke, pastor of the Roman Catholic 
congregation. 

Nov. 24. There were exhibited at the Thespian Hotel , 
in North Pearl street, a male and female tiger from Asia, 
announced by the exhibitor as the first that had ever 
reached this part of the continent. The citizens were 
invited to lose no time fn visiting these extraordinary 
animals, as there never was and probably never would 
be exhibited animals so worthy of their attention. 

Died, on Wednesday, Nov. 23, Mrs. Huldah Bryan, wife 
of John Bryan, aged 40. 

Died, on Friday, Dec. 9, Mr. Philip Wendell, aged 75. 

1809. 

Jan. 19. J. Scudder opened a "grand panorama," at 
the old Court house, and advertised that he intended in 
a short time to establish in Albany a city Museum. 

Jan. 21. The Gazette began to report the proceed- 
ings of the legislature, permission having been given to 
accommodate reporters for newspapers within the bar, at 
the previous session. 

Jan. 25. A petition was presented to the legislature 
from the corporation of Schenectady, praying a division 
of the county of Albany, which was read and referred to 
a committee, who reported in favor of the division, and 
brought in a bill for erecting a new county from the 
western part of the county of Albany. The Gazette re- 
marks, that " formerly applications for divisions of coun- 
ties and towns carne from the people, but under the pre- 
sent order of things the people are wholly dispensed with." 
Sunday morning, Feb. 12, the thermometer stood at 17 
degrees below zero, on the west side of Pearl street, at 8 
o'clock. " A degree of cold never known in this country 



' 



. ' i -. . 

20 Notes from the Newspapers. 

at that time of day; especially when we consider that 
hundreds of chimneys had been an hour smoking, while 
the sun darted his rays against the exposure." 

Feb. 12. A collection was taken in the Dutch church 
on Sunday evening, for the benefit of the Ladies' Society, 
which amounted to $300. [There were several benevo- 
lent societies at this time, claiming the support of the 
public, and it was no unusual thing to see announcements 
like the above, of equally large amounts being collected.] 

The bill before the Assembly for dividing off the city of 
Schenectady, and the towns of Duanesburgh and Prince- 
town, and so much of the town of Watervliet as lies 
west of the manor line, into a new county, by the name 
of the "-city and county of Schenectady." On a division 
of the house, there was a majority of 8 in favor of a new 
county. 

March 12. A collection was taken up in St. Peter's 
for the benefit of the Humane society, of $206-91. 

Died on the 14th March, Mr. Sybrant Douw. 

On the 17th, Dr. Peter Gansevoort, aged 83 years 8 
months. 

On Thursday, March 23, Mr. Abraham Weaver, aged 
100 years. 

On Saturday, March 25, Thomas Sager, for many years 
public crier, and crier of the courts held in the city, died, 
aged 84. 

The bakers complained of the unrighteous law which 
restricted them to the Common Council rules in the price 
of bread, although their profits were large. Wheat was 
down to a dollar a bushel in NerV York, and a loaf of 
superfine bread was 3/fo. loz. for a shilling ; or 4lbs. 1 oz. 
of common. 

Died, May 9, in the Colonie, Mr. Bastejan T. Visscher, 
aged 82. During the struggles of our revolutionary 
war, he was actively and usefully engaged in various im- 
portant services. He was ardently attached to the wel- 
fare of his country, and after a long and well-spent life, 
he surrendered his soul into the hands of Him who gave 
it, without a struggle or a groan. 

On the 3d May, the assize of bread was altered to Is. 
a loaf superfine of 2lbs. Woz. 




Aotes from the Newspapers. ^ ^ j n > * 

June 10. The Federalists, not content with ringing 
the bells with unwonted perseverance on the day of the 
arrival of the news that the embargo was raised, resolved 
to hold a grand festival for a " public manifestation of 
joy on the occasion of restoration of harmony and renewal 
of commerce with Great Britain." Addresses were de; 
livered by Philip Van Vechtcn and John Lovett, and the 
procession was pronounced by the papers to be the largest 
and most respectable ever witnessed in Albany. Many 
curious scenes were devised to give interest to the pa- 
geant, and on the whole it was a glorious day for Federal 
Republicanism. 

The old State Hall waf advertised for sale by auction 
on the 5th September. 

Sept. 18. Henry Trowbridge advertised a Museum; 
it is believed to have been the foundation of the Museum. 

Sept. 28. The new steamboat, Car of Neptune, was 
advertised to leave Albany every Saturday morning at 
8 o'clock, and arrive at New York on Sunday evening. 
She will leave New York on Wednesday morning at 8 
o'clock, and arrive at Albany on Thursday evening. The 
old North River steam boat will continue to run on her 
usual days. Rates of passage as follows: To Hudson, 
$2; Redhook, $3; Esopus, 3'50; Poughkeepsie, $4; 
Newburgh and West Point, $4'50; New York, $7. 

Died, Nov. 8, Christopher A. Yates, an old and re- 
spectable inhabitant, aged 71. 

Nov. 20. The old City Hall was advertised to be 
leased by auction for the term of twenty-one years. 

Nov. 27. The Common Council, on the removal of the 
bell from the City Hall in Court street, to the Capitol " at 
the public square," whereby the citizens were "in a great 
measure deprived of the benefit of the 12 and 8 o'clock 
bell, which, by ancient custom, has been established and 
continued in this city " ordained, that the bell in the 
North Church, the consent of the officers of the church 
having been obtained for that purpose, be rung every day 
at 12 o'clock at noon and 8 o'clock in the evening, in the 
manner and for the same length of time as has been cus- 
tomary with the bell of the Reformed Dutch Church ; 



22 Kotes from the Newspapers. 

and that Barent Bogart be appointed to ring the said bell, 
during the pleasure of the board, and that his salary be 
$40 per annum, payable half yearly. 

Died in this city, on Friday, Dec. 22, the Hon. William 
Cooper, of Cooperstown, aged 55. His remains were 
taken to Cooperstown for interment. 

Taverns and Groggeries. The following does not differ 
much from the real number of taverns and retail spirit 
shops in the cities of New York, Albany and Philadelphia 
in the past year (1809): 

New York, 3,700 Population 82,000 

Albany, 265 " 7, '500 

Philadelphia, 190 107,000 

Thus in New York one-seventh of the population sup- 
port themselves by the sale of ardent spirit; in Albany 
one-fifth ; in Philadelphia not a fiftieth part. 

The above estimate was rated too high for Albany. A 
correspondent of the Gazette says the licenses from 
1808 to 1809, were 59 taverns, 74 petty groceries, inclu- 
ding 8 ordinaries, 84 permits; total 227: 15 of these had 
both tavern and grocery licenses, which reduced the num- 
ber to 202. How many wholesale, or other establish- 
ments, were selling without licenses ? 

1810. 

Died, Friday, Jan. 19, Gen. Abraham Ten Broeck, in 
the 76th year of his age. He was conspicuous for the 
ardent love of his country, in whose service he devoted 
his best days. His remains were buried with military 
honors, and attended by a large and very general con- 
course of his fellow-citizens. 

He was descended from one of the most respectable 
Dutch families of the colony of New York. His father 
was for many years recorder and then mayor of the city 
of Albany. He commenced business in the city as a 
merchant, and was married in 1753 to the only sister of 
the Patroon, who survived him. He was called early into 
public life; was for many years a member of assembly 
under the colonial government, and at the commencement 
of the American war he entered upon" the trying scenes 



Notes from the Newspapers. 23 

of the revolution, with distinguished ardor and patriot- 
ism. He was colonel of the militia, member of the pro- 
vincial congress of 1775, delegate to the state convention 
in 1776, of which he was made president. Early in" the 
contest, he was appointed brigadier-general of the militia, 
by which appointment he had then under his command 
all the militia from Dutchcss and Ulster, to the northern 
and western extremities of the state; and he rendered in 
that capacity zealous and meritorious services in the 
memorable campaign of 1777. He was a member in the 
state senate, mayor of the city, first judge of the" court 
of common pleas, and president of the Albany Bank. In 
all his various offices and public trusts, he acquitted himself 
well, without stain and without reproach. Such a series 
of meritorious services entitle this venerable patriot to 
live long in the recollection of his grateful country. His 
virtues in private life rose to a level with the excellence 
of his public character. He was a firm and devout be- 
liever in the gospel of our blessed Redeemer, and one of 
the brightest ornaments of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church in this city. He closed a well-spent life in 
humble resignation, and retaining his senses to the last, 
died under the cheering consolations of the gospel. 

The legislature this year resolved that the agricultu- 
ral and commercial interests of the state required that 
the inland navigation from Hudson's river to Lake Onta- 
rio and Lake Erie should be improved and completed on 
a scale commensurate to the great advantages to be de- 
rived from the accomplishment of that important object; 
and doubting the resources of the Western Inland Lock 
Navigation company to be adequate to such improvement, 
appointed Gouverneur Morris. Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
De Witt Clinton, Simeon De Witt, William North, 
Thomas Eddy and Peter B. Porter, commissioners for 
exploring the whole route, and to examine the outlet to 
Oneida Lake, with a view to deepening the channel to 
prevent inundations. 

Feb. 3. The Bank of Albany was removed to the 
north-east corner of State and Court streets, the present 
site of the Exchange. 



24 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 4. S. Gould gave notice that he had just opened 
at 96 State street, adjoining the state offices, a Law Book, 
Blank and Stationary store, where books might be ob- 
tained on the same liberal terms as at his Law Bookstore 
in New York, which is not exceeded by any other estab- 
lishment of the kind in America. 

Feb. 5. Died at Yorkfield, Canada, Col. Abraham 
Cuyler, aged 68, formerly mayor of this city, and a man 
of a dignified and gentlemanly deportment, and highly 
esteemed. He sided with the British in the war of the 
revolution. After the war he returned to Albany, and 
resided where the North Dutch church now stands; but 
his former tory predilections rendered his residence here 
uncomfortable, and he removed to Canada. 

Feb. 11. A charity sermon was preached in the Pres- 
byterian church by Rev. Mr. Neill, and a collection taken 
up for the benefit of the society for the relief of indigent 
women and small children, amounting to $304*44. 

Feb. 19. Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, a venerable pa- 
triot of '76, and late lieut. governor of the state, died, 
aged 69 J. 

Died on Friday, March 2, Mrs. Jannetie Lansing, 
relict of Garret J. Lansing, aged 87. 

March 5. Bread 2lbs. 9oz. for one shilling, sup. ; 3Z6s. 
5oz., common. 

Died, at his seat in Watervliet, on Wednesday, March 
21, Cornelius Glen, aged 69, for many years one of the 
principal and most respectable merchants of this city; 
a man of great integrity and probity; a friend to his 
country; uniting in the same character the patriot, the 
Christian and the honest man. 

March 23. Died at Greenbush, Mrs. Cornelia Tappan 
Genet, aged 35, wife of E. C. Genet, and daughter of 
Geo. Clinton, vice president. 

A law was passed by the legislature for raising $30.000 
by lottery, for the purpose of improving the Hudson 
river between Troy, Lansingburgh and Waterford. 

Died, April 17, Mrs. Catharine Westerlo, widow of the 
Rev. Eilardus Westerlo, and mother of the Hon. Stephen 
Van Rensselaer. aged 65, 



Notes from the Newspapers. 25 

Died, April 19, Mrs. Elizabeth Hun, widow of the late 
Thomas Hun, aged 72. 

Died, April 23, Mr. Edward S. Willett, aged 60. 

On Tuesday evening, April 24, of an apoplectic fit, 
John Stephenson, Esq., aged 75. 

Albany county was finally subdivided in 1809, leaving 
it as it now stands, when it consisted of Albany, Coey- 
mans, Watervliet, Rensselaerville, Bern, Colonie, Beth- 
lehem, and Guilderland. Some of these towns have been 
subdivided, and otherwise altered, but the territory is be- 
lieved to be the same. The county taken off was that 
of Schenectady, which consisted of Schenectady, Niska- 
yuna, Princetown and Duanesburgh. 

May 13. The ftorth River Steam Boat [which is be- 
lieved to have been the first one built on the river, and has 
been lately known by the name of the Clermont, that is 
in the books], Capt. Wiswall, arrived at this port yester- 
day afternoon [Sunday, May 13] at 5 o'clock, being the 
shortest trip she has ever made. But for the necessary 
detention on the way, of landing and receiving passen- 
gers, it would have been performed in 19 hours. 

City police office, Corner of Steuben and Montgomery 
streets. Stated police days Tuesdays and Fridays. Ri- 
chard S. Treat, Judge of the court of Common Pleas for 
the county of Albany. 

The vote cast for governor in Albany county at the 
spring election, was, for Platt, 1868; "for Tompkins, 
1125. In Schenectady county, 486 to 543. 

Pierre Briare, "late. Pastry Cook to one of the Princes 
of the Royal Family of Bourbons and to the Viceroy of 
Mexico," established himself at No. 12 Green street. 

Died, on Thursday, July 19, Mr. John James Abbott, 
of this city, aged 84, 

July 30. On Monday the corner stone of the new 
prison and county jail, now building in this city, was laid 
by Philip S. Van Rcnsselaer, Esq., mayor of the city, in 
presence of the members of the Common Council, and a 
respectable concourse of citizens. The site of this build- 
ing is in Lutheran street [Howard], at its intersection 
with Eagle street, and a few rods south-east of the pub- 



26 Notes from the Newspapers. 

lie square. We understand the building is to be 62 feet 
square, three stories high, and to have six rooms on each 
floor, with solitary cells, &c., on the plan of the state 
prison. The basement story only is to be completed the 
present season. 

May 26. Mr. James Caldwell. an opulent merchant of 
Albany, laid the corner stone of the First Presbyterian 
Meeting House, in Caldwell (Fort George), whicir edifice 
he erected at his own expense, for the benefit of the in' 
habitants of the place. 

Aug. The corporation had under consideration the 
project of establishing a free school, on the plan of Jo- 
seph Lancaster. As yet it is believed there were no pub- 
lic schools in the city. The society of* Mechanics had a 
number of years previous erected a buildiiig in Pearl 
street, called Uranian Hall, and maintained a school out 
of their own funds, but it is presumed that its benefits 
were confined to the children of mechanics. 

The Medical Repository speaking of the city and its 
improvements, says " there are several institutions that 
well deserve to be mentioned." Among those enumerated 
were the Lectures on Chemistry by Dr. T P. Jones, the 
Museum of Mr. Trowbridge, whose "assemblage of min- 
erals, shells and insects are very good beginnings," and 
the gallery of paintings by Mr. Ames, which was thought 
to merit the highest eulogy. 

Died, on Sunday morning, Aug. 26, Mr. Leonard Gan- 
sevoort, at his seat, Whitehall. 

Aug. 25. The high sheriff of the city and county of 
Albany visited the jail, in company with his deputies, and 
the jailer proceeded to throw open all the doors connect- 
ed with the debtor's apartment, there not being a 
single person in said prison confined for debt; a circum- 
stance most grateful to the philanthropic and benevolent 
mind, and which, perhaps, has not a parallel in any 
county of the same population within the United States. 

Died on the 13th September, Mr. William P. Beers, 
clerk of the city and county of Albany. 

Oct 10. The two steam' boats perform 144 trips in the 
season, and consume each trip, on an average, seven cords 



Notes from the Newspapers. 27 

of pine wood, which at $5 per cord, amounts to $5'040. 
This wood is principally, if not wholly taken from the 
commons of the city. I submit to the consideration of 
the corporation, wl, ether any citizen, and even strangers, 
ought to be permitted to cut more wood on the commons 
than is necessary for building and fire wood for their own 
families. If this practice be tolerated, what will in a 
short time be the consequence? Suppose there are in 
each trip eighty passengers (and there are sometimes 
above a hundred), this at $7 for each, amounts to up- 
wards of $80-000 

Deduct for expenses, &c.j one fourth, 20,000 

There will remain a net profit of $60,000 

Is it just and reasonable that the corporation should 
permit the woods of the commons to be converted to the 
use and benefit of a very wealthy man, and who receives 
such immense profits and advantages from the steam 
boats, when they can be amply supplied elsewhere. 

A CITIZEN. 

Dec. 15. A charity sermon was preached in St. 
Peter's church by the Rev. Mr. Clowes, and a collection 
taken up, amounting to $242, for the benefit of the Hu- 
mane Society. 

By the census of this year the population of the city 
and county was as follows: 



Colon ie, 1406 30 

Albany city, 9! I 256 

Bethlehem, I i::0 137 

Coeymans, 3574 101 



Mlaves. S'eves. 



S'e\ 

Rensselaerville, 5928 21 
Bern, 5136 35 

Guilcierland, 2406 66 

Watervliet, 2365 128 



34,661 772 

Increase in the city since 1800, 4007; county, 9448. 
The population of the state was still short of one million. 

1811. 

Jan. 15. In this city, Mr. Peter Ryckman, in the 80th 
year of his age ; a worthy and honest man. 



28 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 10. A sermon was preached in the North Dutch 
church, by the Rev. Mr. Bradford, and a collection taken 
for the benefit of the society for the relief of indigent 
women and children, which amounted to $290*45. 

Application was made to the legislature for the incor- 
poration of a third bank in this city, to be called the 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, with a capital of $600,- 
000. 

Feb. 12. The first annual sermon before the Albany 
Bible society was delivered by Rev. Samuel Blatchford, in 
the North Dutch church. The society was also incorpo- 
rated this winter.* 

The Albany Bible Society was incorporated by act of 
legislature, passed Aprils, 1811. The managers named 
in the charter, were, John M. Bradford, William Neill, 
Samuel Blatchford, Harmanus Bleecker, John Stearns, 
John H. Wendell, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Philip Van 
Rensselaer, Eliphalet Nott, Abraham Van Vechten, John 
Wood worth, Douw Fonda, John McJimpsey, Frederick G. 
Mayer, Daniel Ostrander. 

March 18. The steam boat Hope was advertised to be 
launched at 5 o'clock Tuesday afternoon, March 19. 




By the census returns, the number of looms employed 
in the county of Albany was 1169; number of yards of 
woolen cloth manufactured, 87,272; do. linen cloth, 145, 
282, for the single year 1810. 

* The first Bible Society in the United Stales was established at 
Philadelphia, about 1509. 



Notes from the XeicSpapers. 29 

The passage boat Trial, *' moving by machinery invent- 
ed by Mr. Abraham Randal, of the town of Colonic,' r 
was advertised to ** again begin her course " on the 14th 
May between Albany and Troy, twice a day, at 2s. each 
passenger per trip. The boat would be let to select par- 
ties in the evening for $3. It appears to have been run- 
ning the year previous. 

Pinxter. April 28. A law was passed by the Common 
Council prohibiting any person from erecting any tent, 
booth or stall within the limits of this city, for the pur- 
pose of vending any spirituous liquors, beer, mead or 
cider, or any kind of meat, fish, cakes or fruit, on the 
days commonly called pmkster; nor to collect in num- 
bers for the purpose of gambling or dancing, or any other 
amusements, in any part of the city, or to march on par- 
ade, with or without any kind of music, under a penalty 
of ten dollars or confinement in jail. 

May, A line of stages was formed from Albany to 
Niagara Falls, in three days. The fare was from Albany 
to Utica, $5'50; Utica to Geneva, $5; Geneva to Canan- 
daigua, $5'75; and from thence to Buffalo 6 cents per 
mile. 

Died, Thursday, June 19, Mr. John I. Bleecker, in the 
81st year of his age. He held for many years the office 
of interpreter for the different tribes of Indians. He was 
a worthy and respectable citizen ; and, having arrived at 
a good old age. he died as he had lived, a sincere believer 
in the doctrines of the gospel. 

June 22. The new Albany steam boat Hope, Captain 
Bunker, made a display in the harbor of New York, with 
100 ladies and gentlemen on board. She was expected 
to surpass the other boats in speed and elegance. 

Died, on Thursday, July 4, Dr. Hunloke Woodruff, aged 
57. 

July 22. Dr. Beck informs his friends and the public 
that he has commenced the practice of Physic and Sur- 
gery at No. 71 Court street, one door south of the Eagle 
Tavern. 

July 27. On Saturday, the two steam boats Hope and 
North River left the dock at Albany, at 9 o'clock in the 



30 Notes from the Newspapers. 

forenoon, and performed the first of those races, of which 
the river has witnessed so many since. The Hope had 
the start, and kept the lead until they reached about two 
miles above Hudson, when the old boat, by reason of her 
lighter draught, took advantage of a shallow pass, while 
the Hope followed the channel, and the consequence was 
a collision. Considerable excitement ensued, and affida- 
vits and cards, statements and counter-statements filled 
the newspapers. An attempt was also made to procure 
an injunction upon the new boat, to prevent her running. 
Capt. Bartholomew ran the North River, and Capt. Bun- 
ker the Hope. The former challenged the latter to a 
race for a purse of $2000, while the latter declined in a 
proper spirit. The speed of these boats was 29 or 30 
hours between the two ports. A new boat called the 
Perseverance ran with the Hope, Capt. Sherman. 

City Finances. The receipts and disbursements of 
the City Chamberlain for the year ending Oct. 11, were 
as follows: 

For rents, 5,629'77 

Commutation for rent, < SO'OO 

Sales of land, 30,f 84 87$ 

Revenue from ferry, 1,6!)0'00 

Rent of Western hay scales, 

Reimbursements for paving, 272'33i 

Dividends on turnpike stock, 

Loans from Banks 3,770'83 

Fines, ; 

Excise money, 1,375 '00 

Taxes 7.000-00 

county, 1,037-82 

Reimbursements paving public squares, 

Rent of stall, 1000 

Reimbursements for drains, . ." 

Sales of paving stones and flagging, 

Sales of cemetery lots, 

Sales street dirt and oil casks, 

53,085 16| 
Expenditures: 

City Lamps and Night Watch, $6,795'4l 

Expenses attending City Elections, 

Engines and Engine Houses, 3,509 

Ferry and purchase of lots at Greenbush, 3,y04'75 




Notes from the Newspapers. 

Reimbursement of principal and int. of loans, . . 8,155*60 

Alms house and support of poor, 5,599*52 

Public wells and pumps, 435*35 

Paving public square, 1,000*00 

Salaries of officers, 2,618*89$ 

" Police constables, 247 '50 

Lancaster school, 810*00 

Celebration anniversary of independence, 143*76 

Streets and bridges, # compensation for damages, 5,278*23 

New jail, 6,658*72 

Reimbursements for lots erroneously sold, 457*00 

Contingencies, , 7,760*33 

$53,320-24 

Sept. 24. Elbert Willett, who had occupied the office 
of City Chamberlain for a great number of years, with 
uncommon fidelity, and who was more .than 70 years of 
age, was dismissed from office by his own political friends. 

For sale: An honest, faithful negro woman. Enquire 
of William Fowler, Court street. Oct. 19, 1811. 

Dec. 13. It is a curious fact for naturalists, that on 
the 13th December, a spaniel dog, belonging to James 
Barclay, was taken out of a room in an uninhabited house 
in this city, where he had been confined by accident from 
the first day of November, 42 days, without food or drink. 
The dog was alive though too weak to stand; he was re- 
covered. The only furniture in the room was a bed and 
bedding, which he had nearly destroyed. 

1812. 

Died, on the 29th Jan., Dr. William McClelland, an 
old and respected city physician. Dr. McClelland was 43 
years of age. He was a native of Galloway, Scotland; 
obtained a medical education in Edinburgh, came to this 
country at an early age, and commenced the practice of 
his profession in Albany. From this period until sickness 
had impaired his faculties, his standing was deservedly 
eminent. He held, at different times, the respected offices 
of president of the Albany County and State Medical So- 
cieties, and of the St. Andrew's Society of the city of 
Albany. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 

Feb. 2. A sermon was preached in St. Peter's church 
on Sunday evening, by Rev. Mr. Clowes, and $275*29 
collected for the benefit of the Society for the Relief of 
Indigent Women and Children, although the weather was 
inclement and unfavorable. 

Feb. 3. Thomas Brown, of Cornwall, Orange County, 
afterwards known as Dr. Brown of Albany, obtained 
a copyright for his history of the shakers. " exemplified 
in the Life, Conversations, and Experience of the Author 
during the time he belonged to the society." 

Feb. 9. The second anniversary sermon, before the 
Albany Bible Society, was preached in the Presbyterian 
church by Dr. Nott, and a collection taken for the be- 
nefit of the society, amounting to $450*18. 

March 27. The city was thrown into commotion by 
the prorogation of the legislature by Gov. Tompkins, on 
the eve of the passage of the charter of the Bank of 
America, with a capital of six millions. 

March 28. The boats advertised for this season were 
the Paragon, Car of Neptune, and North River; the 
first commanded by Capt. Wiswall, the second by Capt. 
Roorback, the last by Capt. Bartholomew. 

The following is the time made by the steam boat North 
River. She left New York at 5 in the afternoon; passed 
West Point at 2 in the morning, Newberg at 4, Pough- 
keepsie at 9, Catskill at 5 in the afternoon, Hudson at 7 r 
and arrived at Albany about 12 at night. 

It appears by the following communication in the New 
York Mercantile Advertiser, that this speed was occa- 
sionly exceeded. 

"Rapid Travelling. The steamboat, Car of Neptune, 
which left this city on Saturday evening at 5 o'clock, ar- 
rived in Albany in 20 hours ; she returned this morning 
in 22 hours passage; equal to 380 miles in 42 hours. 
Let foreigners, who say we have no talent for improve- 
ment, point out where there is any mode of conveyance 
equal to this. In what country is there so many enjoy- 
ments in one great polytechnic machine, and mounted 
with wings as this, which wafts passengers as by enchant- 
ment between the cities of New York and Albany? To 




Notes from the Newspapers. {- t 

our countrymen, then, let justice be liberally and honestly 
measured out. 

Died, May 27, Abraham Schuyler, aged 76; an old and 
respectable inhabitant of this city. 

Ames's Picture of Gov. Clinton. The Academy of Fine 
Arts at Philadelphia, acknowledged the receipt of an ele- 
gant portrait of the late Vice President, George Clinton, 
painted by Mr. Ezra Ames, of Albany. " In reviewing 
this picture," says the Philadelphia Gazette, " the friends 
of the deceased will be gratified with the correctness of 
the likeness, and will be no less delighted with the beauty 
of the painting." 

May 31. ROBERT BARBER, founder of the Albany 
Register, died, aged 42. [He was an apprentice of Charles 
R. Webster, but bought his time before he became of age, 
and it having been determined to establish another paper, 
by a number of influential republicans, they employed 
him to print it; it accordingly appeared in 1788, under 
the firm name of Robert Barber & Co. He became dissi- 
pated, and went into the country, it is believed to Johns- 
town, his brother, John Barber, taking the charge of the 
paper, although he was not a printer. The two were 
born at Longford, in Ireland; and their graves, marked 
by a simple stone, are to be seen in the Episcopal burial 
ground.] 

June 1. The first election for directors of the Albany 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank was held on Monday, June 
1. It had been generally understood among the stockhold- 
ers for some time previous, that two federalists should be 
admitted into the board (the directors named in the law 
being all democrats), but whose seats should be vacated for 
their admission, was not so readily agreed on. The elec- 
tion opened at ten o'clock at the Columbian hotel in Court 
street, and was continued to a late hour in the afternoon. 
It was a very warm and animated contest, and at the 
close of the poll it appeared that the following gentlemen 
were elected: Solomon Southwick, Benj. Knower, Elisha 
Dorr, Isaac Dennis ton, Benj. Van Benthuysen, W T illiam 
Fowler,* George Merchant, Thomas Lennington, *Giles 

* Still living. 



34 Notes from the Newspapers. 

W. Porter, Willard Walker, Walter Weed, Peter Boyd 
and Isaac Hutton. The two latter in the place of Spen- 
cer Stafford and John Bryan. 

Rail Road Proposed. A pamphlet was published 
entitled " Documents tending to prove the superior ad- 
vantage of Eail Ways and Steam Carriages over Canal 
Navigation, particularly from Lake Erie to Hudson's 
River." 

An act passed the legislature incorporating the Albany 
Lancastrian School Society. 

July 2. Died, on Thursday morning, July 2, Brigadier 
Gen. Peter Gansevoort, of the United States army, aged 63. 

July. The managers of the Society for the Relief of 
Indigent Women and Children, acknowledge a donation 
from Robert R. Livingston, of Clermont, of one share in 
the Albany and Troy Steam Boat, valued at $500. 

Miraculous draft of Fishes. On Monday afternoon 
July 27, 225 fine bass were caught at a single draft, in 
the Hudson river, below the dam, at the village of Wash- 
ington [between Troy aud Lansingburgh.] They weighed 
from five to thirty pounds each, and the whole amount 
was near 3,000 pounds. What renders this circumstance 
the more remarkable is, that none of the fisheries on the 
Hudson have ever been noted for large quantities of bass. 
The taking a single one of thirty pounds in the course of 
the season, has at all times been considered as very rare 
and uncommon. Small bass, however, are occasionally 
caught in considerable quantities; but they are by no 
means plenty, nor is our market at any time tolerably 
well supplied, except in the spring season, with fish caught 
in the Hudson. 

Died, on Wednesday, July 29 (or August 5) the Rev. 
John Watkins, aged 66, a pious and sincere Christian, 
and an honest and upright man, He was a patriot of the 
Revolution, and present and an actor in many of its 
most important and trying scenes. 

Sept. 25. The steam boat Fire Fly commenced run- 
ning between Albany and Troy twice a day. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 35 

Oct. 13. Col. Solomon Van Rensselaer, of Albany, led 
on the Americans to the attack of Queenstown Heights, 
which were carried ; but owing to the refusal of a portion 
of the militia to cross to his support, the British reinforce- 
ments drove him from his position, when he received four 
bullet wounds. He carried one of the balls in his flesh 
to the day of his death. 

Oct. A military line of expresses was established from 
Greenbush to Niagara, which was to perform the journey 
in 44 hours, at such times as the public service should 
require. 

Recruiting. R, C. Skinner, captain of artillery in the 
Albany volunteer regimeit, advertised for recruits to 
complete five companies of infantry, two of riflemen and 
one of artillery, which he represented as filling up with 
unexampled success in the city and county of Albany. 
All able-bodied, effective men, desirous of demonstrating 
their attachment to the only free country on earth, were 
invited to join this regiment. The city of Albany had 
established a fund of many thousand dollars for the pur- 
pose of remunerating the patriotic soldier, and they were 
invited to come forward in time to secure the opportunity, 
which might never again occur. Applications to join this 
regiment were to be made at Ladd's Coffee House, corner 
of Green and Beaver streets. 

Oct. 31. A large concourse of the dignitaries and pri- 
vate citizens turned out to escort Gen. Stephen Van 
Rensselaer into the city, who had resigned his commission 
of major-general in the army on the western frontiers, 
immediately after the battle of Queenstown. 

Com. Perry's Reception. On Monday, Nov. 8, tfie citi- 
zens proceeded towards the -city of Schenectady to meet 
Com. Perry, on his way from the seat of war to the place 
of his nativity in Rhode Island. He was met at Douw's 
Tavern, where, after partaking of some refreshments, the 
procession was formed, and marched to the Capitol. Here 
the Hero of Lake Erie was presented with an elegant 
sword and the freedom of the city in a gold box. 
After which, the procession formed and proceeded through 
fte priijcipal streets to the Eaglo Tavern, where, amid the 



36 Notes from the Newspapers. 

acclamations of the people, the Commodore alighted from 
his carriage, and was conducted by the mayor and recorder 
jyid several other gentlemen, as well military as civil, 
Into an apartment prepared for the purpose. The testi- 
mony of respect was closed in the evening by an elegant 
ball, at which more than one hundred ladies attended, 
" whose attractive charms and joyous smiles, spoke a 
language truly animating to those who nobly fight the 
battles of their country." The Eagle Tavern was bril- 
liantly illuminated, and a transparency over an eagle, 
with the words We have met the enemy and they are ours> 
gave great effect to this interesting scene. On the fol- 
lowing day an elegant entertainment was given to the 
Commodore at the Eagle Tavern. He left the city on 
Thursday for his family residence in Newport, R. I. 

Nov. 24. A tremendous gale swept over the city, doing 
great damage in blowing down and unroofing buildings, 
particularly in Lion street [now Washington]. At Green" 
bush two new barracks, each 250 feet in length, were 
blown down, and other damage done. 

Nov. 28 Captain Bulkley's company of Albany voK 
unteers, and Captain Walker's company of artillery, 
returned to the city, after an absence of three months on 
Staten Island. It is said, " they marched into the city 
in the same regular and martial order in which they left 
it, and paraded through the principal streets." 

1813. 

On the llth of April, Samuel R. Brown commenced 
the publication of The Albany Republican, on a medium 
sheet, once a week. There was a division of the Repub- 
lican party on the banking question. The Register 
advocated the project of a six million bank, which was 
obnoxious to a portion of its constituency ; Mr. Brown 
was therefore called from Ballston Spa, where he printed 
the Saratoga Republican. 

In his address to the public he says : " It may be con- 
sidered a bold and hazardous experiment to establish a 
third newspaper in this city, after the failure of several 



Notes from the Newspapers. 37 

similar attempts. But it does appear to me that a new 
journal is, at this critical juncture, indispensably neces- 
sary; and despite of the fate which has attended former 
essays of this kind, I have determined to commence." 

Of his motives, he says: "I have observed with pain 
the silence of editors whom I had been in the habit of re- 
garding as faithful sentinels of republicanism, virtue, and 
public morals, upon questions involving, in my opinion, 
the vital principles of the republican cause ; and what is 
still more distressing, I have perceived an extraordinary 
mutation of sentiment on their part, upon some cardinal 
points of republican policy. False and sophistical reason- 
ings have been addressed to the people by men whose 
opinions the people till lately respected ; facts have been 
distorted, and the most'abominable political heresies, cal- 
culated to mislead the public mind, have appeared in the 
state paper. In fine, the former professed friends of the 
people have deserted fundamental principles, and pursued 
a course at once erratic and mazy." 

In the first paper is a vindication of Gen. Root, who 
opposed the six million bank, and "looked urjon the pro- 
gressive scene of corruption with horror." 

Jan. 5. A detachment of the volunteer militia of Troy 
came into the city with the British colors which they had 
taken at St. Regis. They bore two superb eagles in the 
centre and the colors in the rear, and passed through 
Market and State streets to the Capitol. The governor 
being unable to attend, Cols. Lamb and Lush, his aids, 
advanced to receive the trophies, which were presented 
in military style, to the people of the State of New York, 
by Maj. Young, and the reply was made by Col. Lush. 
The standard was deposited in the council room, amid 
the loud huzzas of the people, and military salutes. 

A rare concurrence of incidents and emblems, says the 
Gazette, likened the scene to a Roman triumph, and ren- 
dered it peculiarly impressive. The troops were formed 
in the Capitol, on the Capitoline hill; the pavement on 
which they stood was of beautiful Italian marble; the 
colors of the volunteers bore the eagle, the ensign of the 
$oman legions; and the heroes who presented the British 



38 Notes from the Newspapers. 

standard were Trojans, and so were the ancestors of the 
Romans. The standard was British, and Britain was van- 
quished by the Romans. 

Jan. 17. Thomas Barry, for a long period a respectable 
merchant and worthy citizen, died, aged 75. His funeral 
sermon was preached at the Catholic church, by the Rev. 
Mr. McQuade. 

Jan. 18. Notice was given that the corporation having 
made a large appropriation for the establishment of a city 
academy, a meeting of the citizens to confer upon the 
important subject was requested to beheld at the Capitol 
on the 28th inst. 

At that meeting, Archibald Mclntyre was appointed 
chairman, and a committee of fourteen chosen to devise 
a plan for the future institution. 

The following persons were appointed counsellors at the 
late term of the Supreme court in this city: John C. 
Spencer, John A. Collier,' and Solomon Southwick. 

Jan. 26. Died, Mr. Casparus Hewson, aged 53. 

A fever, which had for some months prevailed to an 
alarming degree in many places, visited this city in the 
latter part of this month, and created considerable alarm. 
On the last day of Jan. 12 new cases occurred, and one 
died; Feb. 1, 20 cases, 1 death. The board of physicians 
and the board of health quieted the fears of the people by 
assuring them that it was not infectious, and was entirely 
under the control of medicine. The physicians whose 
names accompany this manifesto were, Samuel Stringer, 
Chas. D. Townsend, E. Willard, Jona. Eights, William 
Bay, Jas. Low, John Stearns, Peter Wendell, J. L. V. 
Deusen, and Platt Williams. It prevailed throughout the 
adjoining counties. 

Feb. 17. The Society for the Relief of Indigent WomSn 
and Children stated that from February, 1812, to February, 
1813, 83 women and 197 children had been assisted by the 
managers, and 31 children schooled and clothed. This 
society was organized in 1803; from which time to 
the present period, 650 women and 1295 children were 
relieved, and 260 children schooled and clothed. The 
Children are daily instructed in reading, plain work, &o. 



Notes from the Newspapers. 89 

A collection was taken up for the benefit of the society 
about this time, and the treasurer acknowledged the re- 
ceipt of $10'37 collected in the Baptist church; and $115 
collected in the Presbyterian church. 

March 11. It was announced that a Sunday free school 
would be opened on Sunday, March 21, at the school room 
of George Upfold, in Van Tromp street, where several 
branches of English education would be taught from the 
hours of 6 to 8 in the morning, and 12 to 2 in the after- 
noon, free of all expense. 

April. It was announced that the corporation was 
about to open Spring street, running back from the Capi- 
tol half a mile, at an expense of nearly $10,000. 

Academy. The citizens began to agitate the project 
of a boys' academy in very good earnest. The corpora- 
tion had offered a lot along the public square, and the 
sum that might be raised from the sale of the lot and ma- 
terials of the old Jail, which was estimated at $12,000. In 
addition to this it was thought necessary to raise $30,000 
by private subscription to complete the requisite sum for 
erecting a suitable building, and establishing a permanent 
income. 

Paving. The common council ordered the following 
streets to be pitched, leveled and paved: Namely, Sand 
street, Plain street, from Washington (South Pearl) to 
Hallenbeck (Grand), and the side walks of Plain street 
to be laid with flat stone or hard brick; Deer street, and 
the remaining part of Washington street to the southern 
bounds of the city. 

Died, Friday April 16, Cornelius Van Schelluyne, 
aged 76. 

Aug. 15. Gen. Wilkinson arrived here in the steam 
boat on Sunday, and proceeded to the frontiers. 

About 200 British prisoners passed through this city on 
Sunday morning, to the encampment in Greenbush. 

It was stated that 100 soldiers belonging to the 100th 
and 103d regiments deserted the British at Swanton, and 
a number more left them at Plattsburg, some of whom 
have arrived in this city. 



ALBANY DIKECTOKIES. 



The city of Albany, in the year 1813, is supposed to 
have contained about 1 1 ,000 inhabitants, when Mr. JOSEPH 
FRY, who had been a printer, but now held the office of 
city guager, was pursuaded to attempt the publication of 
a Directory. The number of names contained in his first 
edition is about 1638, which does not seem to have 
included the Colonie. The work comprised a 12mo 
pamphlet of 60 pages. The following table shows the 
names of the publishers of the Directory from the begin- 
ning by Mr. Fry, the number of pages contained in each, 
and the names of the printers. 



Year of Compilers, 
publication. 

1813, Joseph Fry, 
1814, 

1815, 



1816, 

1817, [Name not given.] 

1818, B. Pearce, 
1819, 

1820, 

1821, 

1822, Graham Klinck, 

1823, 

1824, Tobias V. Cuyler, 

1825, 



No. of Printers, 

pages. 

60 Websters & Skinners.* 
62 H. C. South wick, and Pack- 
ard & Van Benthuysen. 
88 H. C. Southwick, Packard 
& Van Benthuysen, and 
Churchill So Abbey. | 
70 Packard & Van Benthuysen. 
78 
70 

68 E. & E. Hosford. 
71 
80 
80 
80 
92 
108 



*The long primer type on which this work was printed, was the 
first fount which came into the office without the long s. 

t The printing was given to three houses, in order to get it out on 
the 10th of June. 



Albany Directories. 41 

Year of Compilers. No of rrintcis. 

publication. 

1826, Ira W. Scott, 112 Webster & Wood. 

1827, T. V. Cuyler, 100 E. & E. Hosford.* 

1828, Ira W. Scott, 132 Webster & Wood. 

1829, Wm. Cammeyer,f 120 H. D. Stone. 

1830, Cammeyer&Gaw, 148 E. B. Child. 

1831, E. B. Child & W. 

II. Shiffer(opposition).208 
.1831, Ira W. Scott, 204 J. B. Van Steenberg. 

1832, Edmund B. Child, 225 E, B. Child. 

1833, " 218 

1834, ' 252 

1834, G. J. Loomis & T. * 

G. Wait, (opposition) 380 G. J. Loomis. 

1835, Edmund B. Child, 264 E. B. Child (6337 names). 

1836, No Directory published. 

1837, L. G. Hoffman, 224 L. G. Hoffman. 

1838, " 266 

1838, E. B. Child (oppo- 
sition), 284 A. South wick (7 185 names). 

1839, L. G. Hoffman, 276 L. G. Hoffman. 

1840, " 303 

1841, " 322 

1842, " 323 

1843, " 301 

1844, 356 

1845, 369 

1846, " 330 Andrew Hoffman. 

1847, " 345 C. Van Beuthuysen. 

1848, " 402 

1849, " 458 

1850, 465 

1851, J. Munsell, 460 J. Munsell. 

1852, " 492 " (11,795 names) 

1853, " 504 

*This was about the last business done by this house, which went 
into bankruptcy this year. 

t Mr. C. was a copperplate engraver, and his Directory contains a 
map of the city, believed to have been the first one so published. 



42 Albany Directories. 

The Directory has been published forty-one years, by ten 
different persons, of whom only the first and last two are 
living. There have been* three opposition Directories 
during the above time, of the publishers of which, Messrs. 
Wait and Loomis survive. One year, 1836, none was 
published. 

The first Directory of Mr. Fry is here republished. 
A few names of persons who have since become citizens 
of some note, and who were residents at the time of pub- 
lication, do not appear. Such omissions are not of rare 
occurrence in such works. The lapse of forty-one years 
has made havoc of most of the 1,600 inhabitants then in 
active life, but we still observe some of them yet hale and 
engaged in the bustle of business. The names of such as 
are known to be still living are inserted in small capitals, 
and in some cases of recent death, note is made of it 
within brackets. 

The names of several streets have been changed since 
that Directory was printed, among which are the following : 
What was then Washington street is now South Pearl; 

Market street is now Broadway above State; 

Court street is now Broadway below State ; 

Lion street is now Washington;* 

Lutheran street is now Howard; 

Capitol street is now Park ; 

Mark lane is now Exchange street; 

Middle lane is now James street; 

Fox street is now Canal; 

Tyger street is now Lancaster;! 

Deer street is now State; 

Frelinghuysen street is now Franklin ; 

Dock street is now Dean; 

Bass lane is now Bleecker street ; 

Store lane now Norton; 

Fly Market is now Centre Market. 

* Lion (now Washington) street was previously called King street 5 
Elk street was Queen street, and Swan street was Boscawen street. 

t One of the inhabitants of that street, was Daniel Snyder, trum- 
peter and watchman, w r ho had a remarkably loud voice, and was 
employed to cry the hour of the night from the cupola of the jail, 
and could be heard in every part of the city. His house was en the 
site of Austin's carpenter shop. 




JOSEPH FRY, 

80. 



THE 

ALBANY DIRECTORY, 

CONTAINING 

ABOUT TWO THOUSAND NAMES, 

ARRANGED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER: 



A TOLERABLY CORRECT ACCOUNT OF THE 

TAXABLE INHABITANTS WITHIN 

THE CITY. 



Collected and arranged, 

AT THE REQUEST OP THE COMMON COUNCIL, 

BY J. FRY. 
ALBANY: 

PRINTED BT WEB8TER8 AND SKINNEBS. 



June 1, 1813. 



(46) 



NOTICE. 



The following work will be found to contain an alphabetical 
list of actual residents of the city of Albany, as correct as the 
circumstances under which it is undertaken will afford, and as 
works of this kind are generally found to exhibit. Such as it is, 
the publisher offers it to the public, with a hope (though feeble) of 
a competent reward for his labor in a liberal purchase of the 
books. 

Should any omissions, or important inaccuracies be found in the 
work, he hopes to icceive notice thereof, to enable him to correct 
them in the next publication. 

The numbers of streets running in a westerly direction from the 
river, commence at the east end, on the north side, with No. 1, 
and on the opposite side with No. 2, and so throughout 5 the odd 
numbers on the north side, and the even numbers on the south side 
of the street. The same system is adopted with streets running 
northerly and southerly the numbers commencing, in all cases, 
at th northerly end of the street, and on the westerly side. 

Several streets are not numbered. The inhabitants in such 
may easily be found, there being but few houses in such streets. 

It is proper to remark that no street is known on record by the 
name of Capitol street: but as the new street running in a south 
erly direction from the Capitol is generally known by that name^ 
it is so here inserted. 

It is also proper to remark that the word street is, in all cases, 
omitted, to be added by the reader, as, for State, is meant State 
street; for Capitol, Capitol street, fyc. 

Should this publication meet its hoped for encouragement, in 
the sale of the books, the next may be accompanied with a list of 
inhabitants in the Colonie, and a map of the city. 



Albany Directory, 1813. 47 

OFFICERS OF THE CITY OF ALBANY. 

Hon. Phillip S. Van Rensselaer, Esq., Mayor. 
John Van Ness Yates, Esq., Recorder, 
Jacob Mancius, Esq., Sheriff. 
John Lovett, Esq., Clerk. 

FIRST WARD. 

Jlldermen. Assistant*. 

George Shepherd, Stanton Browa, 

George Pearson. James Warren. 

Jlssessor*. Constables. 

George Webster, Elijah Rowley, 

Barent Sanders. Gerardus Qukk, 

Wm. Staats, Col. of Taxes. Daniel Worthingtom. 
Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Supervisor. 

SECOND WARD. 

Jlldermen. Jissislants^ 

Isaac Hansen, John Evertsen, 

Joseph Russell, sea. Jacob Van Loon. 

Assessors. Constables. 

Stephen Sanford, Isaac Sturgess, 

John S. Beeckman, Samuel Wilson, 

Asher Huggins, 

Adam Russ, Col. of Taxes. John Meigs. 
John Bleecker, Supervisor. 

THIRD WARD. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

John Brinckerhoff, Jacob H. Ten Eyck, 

Teunis Van Vechten. Philip Van Vechten. 

.Assessors. Constables. 

Jellis Winne, juru, Adam Stewart, 

George Hutton. John Gray, 

John H. Angus, 

John Gates, Col. of Taxes. John D. Fisher. 
Theodarus Van Wyck Graham, Supervisor. 

FOURTH WARD. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

John Bogart, Peter Boyd, 

Thomas Gould. Edward Brown. 

Assessors. Constables. 

John Van Zandt, Stephen Lobdell, 

Edward Brown. Levi Paige, 

Darius Hunt, 

Garret A. Lansing, Col. Taxes. Gerrit T. Bradt. 
John Bogart, Supervisor. 



48 Albany Directory, 18 13/ 

Officers acting under Appointments from the Common 
Council. 

Harmanus P. Schuyler, Chamberlain. 

Teunis Van Vechten, Attorney. 

Daniel I. Winne, Marshal. 

James Barclay, City Superintendent. 

Joseph Russell, sen., Assistant City Superintendent, 

Gerrit Bogart, City Surveyor. 

Daniel Hewson, Superintendent of the Almshouse. 

Ephraim De Witt, Superintendent of the Ferry. 

Jonathan Eights, Almshouse Physician. 

Henry R. Lansing, Overseer of the poor, and Sealer of weights 

and measures. 
Henry B. Halenbake, Inspector of weights and measures and of 

bread. 
Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Gerrit Bogart, Henry A. Oothout, John 

BrinckerhofF, George Shepherd, Board of magistrates for the 

relief and support of the poor. 
Gerrit Bogart, Henry A. Oothout, Police Justices. 
John H. Angus, Levi Page, Asher Huggins, Police Constables. 
Daniel I. Winne, Deputy Excise Officer. 
Harmanus A. Wendell, Superintendent of Market. 
Samuel Vail, Weigher of fish and iron, and measurer of salt. 
Mordecai Lester, Keeper of the Powder House. 
Joseph Fry, Jedediah Burchard, City Guagers. 
George Brown, Forester. 
James Vosburgh, John H. Angus, John Van Zandt, Captains of 

the Watch. 

Levi De Witt, Weigher of Hay at the South Scales. 
Henry Abel, Weigher of Hay at the North Scales. 
Mordecai Lester, Weigher of Hay at the West Scales. 
Joseph Fry, Fire Inspector for the First Ward. 
Caleb Russell, Fire Inspector of the Second Ward. 
Paul Hochstrasser, Fire Inspector of the Third Ward. 
Garret A. Lansing, Fire Inspector of the Fourth Ward. 
Abraham Eights, Dockmaster. 

SOCIETIES IN THE CITY OF ALBANY. 

Albany Library. 

Annual Election 1st Saturday in April. 

John Lansing, jun., Chairman. Philip S. Van Rensselaer, 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, William Niell James Kent, Daniel 
Hale, John M. Bradford, Timothy Clowes, James Low, John 
Van Schaick, Harmanus P. Schuyler, Samuel Hill, Trustees. 
Joseph Fry, Treasurer- and Librarian. 



Albany Directory, 1813. 

Mechanics' Society. 

Annual Election 1st Tuesday in February. 
Charles R. Webster, President; John Boardman, 1st Vice Pre- 
sident; William Fryer, 3d Vice President-, William M'Harg, 
Treasurer; E. W. Skinner, Secretary, James Barclay, Nehemiah 
B Bassett, Elisha Dorr, Lucas I. Hooghkirk, Isaac Lucas, John 
Meads. Elisha Putnam, John Randel, John Mascraft, Elijah Hos- 
ford, Tunis Slihgerland, John I. Groesbeck, Peter M'Nab, Daniel 
Steele, David Pruyn, Trustees. 

St. Andrew's Society. 
Annual Election 12th November. 

George Pearson, President; Archibald M'Intyre, 1st Vice Pre. 
sident; John Reid, 2d Vice President; Rev. John M'Donald, 
Chaplain; Doctor James Low, Physician; Peter Boyd, Treasurer; 
William M'Harg, Secretary; Alexander M'Tavish, Assistant 
Secretary. 

St. Patrick's Society. 
Annual Election, 17th March Regular Meetings 1st Wednesday 

in each mouth. 

Thomas Harman, President; Hugh Flyn, Vice President; Cor- 
nelius Dunn, Treasurer; John Ready, Secretary. 

Typographical Society. 
Semi-annual Election, 1st Saturday of March and September 

Regular Meetings, 1st Saturday of each month. 
William Wood, President; George Churchill, Vice President; 
George Hanford, Secretary; William M 1 Kennan, Treasurer. 

Washington Benevolent Society. 

Abraham Van Vechten, President; John Stearns, 1st Vice Pre- 
sident; George Webster, 2d Vice President; John I. Ostrander, 
3d Vice President; Ebenezer Ely, Treasurer; Joseph Alexander, 
Secretary; Henry A. Oothout Deputy Secretary; James Low, 
Physician. James Warren, Ralph Pratt, Edward Brown, R. O. 
K. Bennet, William A. Becker, William Brown, John Russell, 
Charles R. Webster, Jonathan Eights, George Pearson. Standing 
Committee. John I. Boyd, John Vat; Vechten, Roderick Sedg- 
wick, E. W. Skinner, Stewards. Adam Russ, Doorkeeper. 
Election 2d Monday in June. 

Albany ^ Humane Society. 

Philip S. Van Rensselaef, President; Simeon De Witt, Vice 
President; John H. Wendell. Treasurer-, Teunis Van Vechten, 
Secretary; John Stearns, Physician. Rev. Dr. Bradford, Rev. 
Dr. Neill, Rev. Mr. Clowes, Rensselaer Westerlo, Douw Fonda* 
Christian Miller, George Webster, Barent Bleecker, James Low. 
Trustees, Election 1st Wednesday in November, 



50 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Albany Ladies' Society. 

Ann Van Rensselaer, Presiding Manager; Cornelia Lansing, 
Treasurer; Margaret Van Schaick, Secretary. E. Kent, S. Jen- 
kins, M. Seaton, M. Fonda, C. Webster, M. Banyar, S. Thomp- 
son, S. De Witt, E. Backus, Managers. Election in' March. 

Columbian Friend's Union Society. 

George Scott, President; John Cottam, Vice President ; William 
S. Wells, Secretary. Election 2d Tuesday in April. 

Albany Water Works. 

Daniel Hale, John V. Henry, John Brinckerhoff, Douw Fonda, 
and the Recorder, Trustees. James Van Ingen. Treasurer 
Elisha Putnam, Superintendent. Election last Tuesday in May. 

Albany Lancaster School. 

Philip S. Van Rensselaer, President. St. Van Rensselaer, 
John Lansing, jun., James Kent, William Neill, John M. Brad- 
ford, John M'Jimsey, Timothy Clowes (Sec'ry), Simeon De Witt, 
Elisha Jenkins, Charles R. Webster, Archibald M 'Inly re (Trea- 
surer), John V. Henry. Trustees. Wm. A. T. Dale, Instructor. 
Election 1st Monday in February. 

Albany Academy. 

Stephen Van Rensselaer, Archibald M'Intyre, John V. Henry, 
Henry Walton, William Neill, John M. Bradford, John M 'Donald, 
Timothy Clowes, John M'Jimsey, Frederick G. Mayer, Samuel 
Merwin, Theodore Sedgwick, John Duer, Hars. Bleecker, the 
Mayor and Recorder, Trustees. 

Albany Bible Society. 

John M. Bradford, President; William* Neill. 1st, and Samuel 
Bladgford 2d Vice President; Harmanus Bleecker, Corresponding, 
and John Stearns. Recording Secretary; E. F. Backus, Treasurer. 

Managers. Eliphalet Nott, John M'Jimsey, Frederick G. 
Mayer, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Philip S. Van Rensselaer, John 
Woodworth, Rensselaer Westerlo, Douw Fonda, Chester Bulkley. 
Election 1st Tuesday in February. 

Bible and Common Prayer Book Society. 
Managers. Rt. Rev. Bishop Hobart, President ; Rev. David 
Butler, Rev. Cyrus Stebbins. Rev. Timothy Clowes, Secretary, 
Rev. Daniel Nash, P. S. Van Rensselaer, John Tayler, Dudley 
Walsh, John Stearns, Albany; Nathan Warren; Treasurer, Geo. 
Tibbits, Troy; Daniel Martin, David Tomlinson, Schenectady; 
Timothy Leonard, Lansingburgh; Richard Davis, Waterfordj 
Geo. W. Featherstonhaugh, Duanesburgh; Nicholas Schuyler, 
Stillwater. Election 1st Tuesday after 24th February. 



Albany Directory, 1813. 51 

BANKS IN THE CITY OF ALBANY. 

Bank of Albany. 
Election Second Tuesday in May. 

Dudley Walsh, President. G. W. Van Schaack, Cashier. 
Dudley Walsh, George Pearson, John Robison, Stephen Lush, 
John R. Bleecker, Daniel Hale, William Caldwell, Douw Fonda, 
John N. Bleecker, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Nicholas Bleecker, 
John Van Schaick, Harmanus P. Schuyler, Directors. Isaac 
Hempsted, Book-keeper, Philip Ford, Teller. John Mancius, 
Receiver; Wm. Barclay, Dis. Clk. Discount day, Thursday. 

New-York State Bank. 
Election 1st Tuesday in June. 

John Tayler, President. William James, Elisha Jenkins, 
Thomas Gould, James Kane, laaiah Townsend, John D. P. Douw, 
Edward Brown, John Woodworth, Francis Bloodgood, Henry 
Guest, jun., Archibald M'Intyre, Anthony Lamb, Directors. 
John W. Yates, Cashier. George C. Sharp, Book-keeper. Ro- 
bert Clench, Teller. John W. Leake, Receiver. Jerh. V. R. 
Ten Eyck, Discount Clerk. 

Mechanics' and Farmers 1 Bank. 

Election 1st Monday in June. 

Isaac Hutton, President pro tern. G. A. Worth, Cashier. 
Discount days, Tuesdays and Friday. 

Many Insurance Company. 
Election 1st Monday in January. 

Elisha Jenkins, President. Isaiah Townsend, Stephen Lush, 
Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Christian Miller, Henry Guest, jun., 
Thomas Gould, Charles D. Cooper, Dudley Walsh, Simeon De 
Witt, Charles Z. Platt, John Woodworth, Directors. 

MAILS. 
Many Post- Office, Summer Establishment for 1813. 

Southern Mail closes, via Hudson, Tuesday, Thursday and Sat- 
urday, at 6 P. M.; via Kingston, Monday Wednesday and Friday, 
at 6 P. M. 

Massachusetts and New Hampshire, closes, via Pittsfield to 
Boston, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 6 P. M. 

Rhode Island and Connecticut, closes, via Lenox and Hartford to 
Boston, Tuesday, at 6 P. M.; via Sheffield, Thursday, at 6 P. M. 

Vermont, closes, via Bennington, Wednesday, Friday and Sat- 
urday, at 6 P. M. 

Northern Mail closes, via Salem, Tuesday, Thursday and Sat- 
urday, at 6 P. M.; via Fort George, Tuesday, at G P.M; via 
Whitehall, Monday, at 6 P. M. 



52 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Western Mail closes, via Cherry Valley and Cooperstown, 
Tuesday, at 3 P. M. ; via Utica to Niagara, Monday, Wednesday 
and Friday, at 12 M. Daily to Schenectady, Herkimer, Utica, 
Whitestown and Rome, at 8 P. M. 

Northern Mail closes, via Troy, Lansingburgh, and Waterford, 
daily at 6 A. M. 

N. B. All Letters to be left at the Office half an hour previous 
to the time of closing, or they will not be sent in the Mails of the 
day. 

[F= The respective Mails arrive on the same days on which 
they close. 

RATES OF POSTAGE. 

Single Letters. Miles. Cts. 

Any distance not exceeding 40 8 

Over 40 and not exceeding 90 10 

Over 90 do. 150 12| 

Over 150 do. 300 17 

Over 400 do. 500 20 

Over 500 25 

Letters going out of the United States, must be paid for when 
lodged in the Post Office. 

Letters to be sent by mail, should be addressed to the places of 
their destination in the clearest manner; they should always be 
directed to the nearest Post-Office, if the person to whom addressed 
does not reside where there is an office, and the name of the state 
ought not to be omitted. Letters are often mis-sent from their 
ambiguous direction: a punctual attention to this rule may pre- 
vent delays and miscarriages, 



(53) 



ALBANY DIRECTORY. 



Abbot, Asa, carpenter, 128 Washington 

Abel, widow Johanna, 12 Orange 

Abel, Henry, weigher of hay, 10 Market 

Acker, Thomas, steam-bo/it pilot, 61 Washington 

Acker, Richard, laborer, 96 Pearl 

Ackerman, Gilbert, 150 Washington 

Ackerman, Abraham, chair maker, 18 Beaver 

Ackerson, James, laborer, 153 Fox 

Adams and Crary, merchants, 148 Lion 

Adams, Joseph, 35 Washington 

Adams and Rathbone, merchants, 13 Hudson 

Adams, Samuel, merchant, 78 Lion 

ADAMS, WILLI'AM, mer., 36 Liberty, st. 13 Hudson 

Ager, Samuel, 73 Washington 

Aldrich, Zacheus, laborer, 1 1 1 Fox 

Alexander, John, saddler, 49 Van Schaick 

*ALEXANDER, JOSEPH, merchant, 36 State 

Alger, Isaac, grocer, 62 Lion 

Allanson, Peter, carpenter, rear of 7 Capitol 

Allanson, Richard, architect, Lutheran 

Allen, E. B. merchant, 91 Lion 

Allen, Solomon, broker, 71 Court 

Allen, Tilley, merchant, 10 State 

Allicott, Thomas, 39 Columbia 

Ames, Ezra, portrait painter, 41 Washington 

Ames, brewer, 175 Court 

Anderson, Daniel, 21 Quay 

Anderson, widow Lydia, merchant, 61 Market 

Anderson, widow Rachel, 77 Pearl 

* [Citizens whone names ars inserted in email capitals arc known to be living 
at the time of republication, 1853.J 



54 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Anderson, Robert, laborer, 18 Quay 
Anderson, W. & T., merchants, 56 Lion 
Andrews, Amos, brickmaker, 61 Beaver 
Andrews, John, merchant, 37 Green, store 56 Quay 
Andrews, John, 53 Pearl 
Andrews, Jonathan, blacksmith, 25 Capitol 
Andrews, William, teacher, 19 Pearl 
Angus, Jacob B. carpenter, 74 Washington 
Angus, John H. police constable, 14 Orange 
Angus, Thomas, carpenter, 37 Liberty 
Aniver, widow Flora, 51 Beaver 
Annibal, Levi, butcher, 36 do. 

Ansley, William, gilder, 45 Orange, shop 16 Steuben 
Archer, George, teamster, 27 Pine 
Archer, William, do 29 do. 
Arcularius, Mehitabel, grocer, 27 Pearl 
Aricker, Ann, 66 Lydius 
Armstrong, Adam, shoemaker, 33 Pearl 
Armstrong, James, 108 Beaver 
Armstrong, Michael, 57 Union 
Arnett, Isabella, grocer, 52 Union 
Arnold, John, 40 Liberty 
Attridge, Patrick, grocer, 21 Market 
Atwood, John, laborer, 40 Division 
Austin, Benjamin, cartman, 82 Beaver 
Austin Matthias, joiner, 4 Maiden-lane 
Austin, Valentine, cooper, 40 Dock 
Austin, William, tin plate worker, 39 Court 
Averil, William T. innkeeper, 206 Lion 
Avery, Lee, apothecary, 9 Liberty, store 58 Court 
Ayres, William, painter, 37 Steuben 

B 

Babcock, Rogers & Co. paint store, 71 Lion 
Bacon, George, 106 State 

BACKUS, E. F., bookseller, 10 Wash., store 65 State 
Bain, Peter, 51 Green 
-Baker, Leonard, 18 Van Schaick 
Baker So Pierce, livery stable, 19 Dock 



Albany Directory, 1813. 55 

Baldwin, Enos, tool cutter, 48 Maiden-lane 
Ball, widow Jane, 62 Hudson 
Ball, Mary, boarding house, 40 do. 
Ballentine, James, carpenter, 60 Pearl 
Ballentine, Robert, grocer, 63 Washington 
Bank of Albany, 8 Court 

N. Y. State, 69 State 

Farmers and Mechanics, 6 Court 

Banyer, Goldsbrow, 62 Pearl 

Barber, John, 21 Chapel 

Barclay, James, city superintendent, 59 Chapel 

Barker, Thomas, saddler, 55 Court 

Barney, Benj, chandler, M3 Court, factory Bass lane 

Barney, Joseph P., mer., 113 Court, store 134 Market 

Barnum & Loomis, saddlers, 86 Court 

Barret, Jonathan, carpenter, 40 Church 

Barret, Thomas, 42 Beaver 

Bassett, N. B., watchmaker, 57 Divison, shop 42 State 

Batchelder, M. & T., merchants,^267 Lion 

Bates, Samuel, cooper, 14 Deer 

Baxter, Samuel, grocer, 25 Hudson 

BAY, WILLIAM, physician, 65 Pearl 

BECK, T. B,, physician, 115 Court 

Becker & Van Loon, merchants, 84 Lion 

Beeckman, John S., 52 Pearl 

Beeckman, Peter D., justice peace, 21 Van Schaick 

Bedford, widow Esther, school, 19 Washington 

Bellamy, Simon, 83 Washington 

Belote, Harris, blacksmith, 14 Capitol 

Belton, Jonathan, shoemaker, 124 Court 

Belton, Mrs., milliner, 70 State 

Benjamin, Caleb, shipmaster, 142 Lion (died 1852) 

BENEDICT, LEWIS, merchant, 51 Lydius, store 3 State 

Benedict, widow of Uriah, 38 Dock 

Benne, Henry F., confectioner, 36 Market 

Bennet, Robert 0. K., teacher, 2 Van Schaick, 67 Pearl 

Bentley, Randall, skipper, 38 Liberty 

Bernard, John, manager theatre, 39 Green 

Best, Jacob, merchant taylor, 5 Court 



56 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Billings, , shoemaker, 6 Lutheran 

Bissel, John, mer., 238 Court, store 18 State 

Black, widow, 30 Van Schaick 

Black, James, grocer, 130 Washington 

Blacket, James W., teacher, 70 Hudson 

Blair, widow Ann, 47 Maiden lane 

Blake, James, cartman, 49 Union 

Blakely, Charles, grocer, 90 Beaver 

Blakeman, S., midwife, 73 Washington 

Blakeman, David, 92 Beaver 

Blakeman, Joab, grocer, 55 Washington 

Bleecker, Harmanus, counsellor, 32 Steuben 

Bleecker, Barent, mer., 93 Market, store 72 Quay 

Bleecker, John R,, jun., 90 Market, store 72 Quay 

Bleecker, Nicholas, mer., 32 Market, store 128 Market 

Bleecker, Henry, mer., 43 Pearl, store 128 Market 

Bleecker, N & H., merchants, 128 Market 

Bleecker, B. & J. R., merchants, 72 Quay 

BLEECKER, NICHOLAS, jun., mer., 138 State 

Bleecker, widow, 49 Pearl 

Bleecker, John, 56 Pearl 

Bleecker, Sybrant, attorney, 18 Van Schaick 

Bleecker, James, 64 Washington 

BLEECKER, GARRET V., 85 Washington 

Bleecker, widow Ann, 38 State 

Bloodgood, Francis, elk. s. c. 123 Lion, office 123 State 

BLOODGOOD, LYNOT, 86 Pearl and 12 State 

Bloodgood, James, 163 Court 

Bloomer, Joseph, carpenter, 22 Union 

Bloomingdale, Jacob, 46 Hudson 

Boardman, John, builder, 93 State [died, 1853] 

Boardman, William, sexton, Presb. ch., 14 Capitol 

Booking, John, baker, 41 Orange, shop 12 Pearl 

Bogart, John, alderman, 218 Court [died, 1853] 

Bogart, Garret, counsellor, 12 Hudson 

Bogert, Isaac, 77 Court 

Bogert, Barent, sexton Dutch church, 35 Maiden lane 

Boldemann & Fenno, merchants, 96 Market 

Bootman, John, whitesmith, 155 Court and 16 Church 



Albany Directory, 1813. 57 

Bourn, John, mer., 49 Quay 
Bourne, Alonzo, grocer, 201 Court 
Bowman, John, J 26 State 
Bowne, Gabriel, 108 Beaver 
Boyd & M'HENCH, mer., Hudson cor. Washington 
Boyd, Christopher, grocer, 26 Quay 
Boyd, Hamilton, mer., 38 Washington 
Boyd, Hugh, mer., 30 Dock, store 42 Quay 
Boyd, James, Ferry street 
BOYD, Peter & JOHN I., mer., 48 Court 
BOYD, ROBERT, Ferry street 

Boyd, William, jeweller, 9 Steuben, store 136 Market 
Boynton, Jonah, grocer, 105 Lion 
Bradford, Hugh, carpenter, 53 Fox 
Bradford, John M. , pastor Dutch church, 48 Market 
Bradt, Aaron, 21 Fox 
Bradt, Albert, mer., 41 Sand 
Bradt, Albert, mer., 33 Lion 
Bradt, Daniel, bricklayer, 102 Beaver 
Bradt, Isaac, cartman, 24 Fox 
Brainard, Elijah, pump maker, 10 Orange 
Brainard, John, teacher, 33 Columbia, school 35 Chapel 
Brenton, Miss, school, 118 State 
Brigden, Timothy, silversmith, 106 Beaver 
Brigham, William & Co., mer., 79 Lion 
Brinckerhoff, John, 3 Dock, store 103 Market 
Brinckley, William, wooden warehouse, 99 Market 
Brinkley, William, mer., 31 Union 
Brornlee, Samuel, 140 Lion 
Bromley, David, grocer, 50 Chapel 
Brooks, Abraham, carpenter, 7 Van Tromp 
Brooks, Anthony, carpenter, 112 Washington 
BROOKS, JONATHAN, carpenter, 15 Pfein 
Brooks, Jonathan, jun., carpenter, 13 Plain 
Brooks, Peter, carpenter, 100 Hudson 
Brower, Cornelius, 69 Pearl 
Brower, Hessel, blacksmith, 134 Court 
Brower, William, shoemaker, 210 Washington 
5 



58 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Brown, Allen, mer., 82 Montgomery, store 43 Quay 

Brown, Azer, grocer, 21 Washington 

Brown, Edward, mer., 10 Hudson, store 1 Hudson 

Brown, E. & S., mer., 1 Hudson 

Brown, James, tailor, Lutheran 

Brcwn, James, grocer, 17 Pearl 

Brown, John, grocer, 49 Quay 

Brown & Pot wine, grocers, 59 Quay 

Brown, Rufus, mer.,^89 Pearl, store 135 Market 

Brown, Simeon, plater and die sinker, 81 Dock 

Brown, Solomon, carpenter, 209 Washington 

Brown, Staunton, mer., 82 Hudson, store 1 Hudson 

Brown, widow Elizabeth, 69 Lion 

Brown, widow Martha, grocer, 22 Pine 

Brown, William, mer., 44 State 

Browning, Benjamin, blacksmith, 66 Washington 
Browning, John, shoemaker, 95 Court 

Bryan, John, furrier, 47 Washington, shop 17 Court 

Bryan, 65 Beaver 

Bryant, John, brickmaker, William 

Bryard, Peter, confectioner, 20 Green 

Buckbee & Scott, grocers, 48 Quay 

Buckley, Billy, teacher of music, 65 Eagle 

Buel, Jesse, printer of Argus, 11 Store lane 

BuGSBEEy STEPHEN, 124 Lion 

Bulkley, Chester, mer., 34 Columbia, store 46 Market 

Bunnel, Nathaniel, 49 Market 

Burbanck & Haughwout, grocers, 50 Quay 

Burchard, Jedediah, mer., 16 State 

Burke, Joshua A., mer., 19 Court 

Burnop, Philip, baker, 2 Steuben 

Burt, John, grocer, 174 Lion 

Burton, Isaac, blacksmith, 69 Eagle, shop 41 Lion 

Burton, Joseph, painter, 21 Lion 

Burton, Mathew, 37 Van Schaick 

Butler, Augustus, cartman, Hawk 

Butler, Calvin, 55 Deer 

Butler, Horatio, 81 State 



Albany Directory, 1813. 59 



Cable, John, grocer, 2 1 Washington 

Cadwell, Amos, laborer, 74 Fox 

Caldwell, Fraser & Co., merchants, 47 State 

Caldwell, Joseph, teacher, 25 Stetiben 

Caldwell, William, mer., 60 State 

Caramon, Alexander, silversmith, 47 Lion 

Cameron, Daniel, grocer, 8 Green 

Cameron, Robert, tailor, 8 Green 

CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD, dep. sec., Hawk, office 122 State 

Campbell, Jesse, 16 Green 

Campbell, John, laborer, k8 Pine 

Campbell, Lewis, leather store, 58 Pine 

Campbell, Thomas, mer., 48 Lion 

Campbell, widow Margaret, 54 State 

Campbell, William, mer., 56 and 2 Hudson 

Cande, D. W., & W. L., mer., 21 Court 

Cande, Medad, innkeeper, 66 Court 

Canfield, Samuel, justice peace, 25 Green 

Capron, Benjamin, carpenter, 1 1 Van Tromp 

Capron & Cameron, coopers, 9 Mark lane 

Capron, William N., mer., 49 Lion 

Card, James, innkeeper, 62 Church 

Carfield, Francis, mason, 53 Orange 

Cark, Abraham, mason, 37 Steuben 

Carl, William, cartman, 118 Fox 

Carlisle, William, boarding house, 50 Liberty 

Carlow, Sylvanus, grocer, 36 Eagle 

Carmichael, James, baker, 135 Court 

Carmichael, William, skipper, 203 Court 

Carpenter, William, tailor, 20 State 

Carr, Charles, carpenter, 20 Water 

Carson & HALL, jewellers, 34 State 

CARSON, THOMAS, jeweller, 8 Plain, shop 34 State 

Carter, John, laborer, 12 Lydius 

Case, Justice, nailer, rear of 36 Beaver 

Case & Wadsworth, mer., 30 Court 

Cassady, John, butcher, 49 Maiden lane 



60 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Caswell, Asa, 60 Lion 

Catlin, Ebenezer, grocer, 18 Lydius cor. Church 

CENTER, ASA H., mer., 4 Water, store 1 State 

Challes, Nathaniel, carpenter, 47 Liberty 

Chamberlain & Hinckley, mer., 60 Lion 

Chambers, David, laborer, Westerlo 

Chambers, James, mason, 81 Orange 

Champlin, John, counsellor, 11 Beaver 

Chantine, John, grocer, 8 Church 

Chapman, Reuben, grocer, 40 Hudson 

Chapman, Justin, gunsmith, Hawk 

Chapman, William, mer., 83 Court [died 1853] 

Charles, George, tanner, 144 Washington 

Cheesebourgh, B. A., mer., 271 and 273 Lion 

Chesnut, William, cartman, 31 Division 

Chestney, James, chairmaker, 134 State 

Chinn, widow Margaret, 26 Maiden lane 

Christian, David, shoemaker, 35 Fox 

Churchill, George, printer, 16 Store lane 

Clarke, D. P. & Co., mer.. 61 State 

Clark, Gardner, grocer, 1 Division 

Clark, James, mer., 1 Court 

Clark, John, tinplate worker, 43 and 24 Hudson 

Clark, John, coach painter, 158 Court 

Clark, Rufus, joiner, 40 Court 

Clark, Samuel, 67 Fox 

Clark, Samuel, carpenter, Frelinghuysen 

Clark, Terrence, grocer, 45 State 

Clark, Walter, mer., 21 State 

Clark, William, 18 Store lane 

Clark, William I., grocer, 51 Lion 

Clark, widow Ann, 17 Beaver 

Clark, widow Nancy, 63 Eagle 

Clarke, George, 140 State 

Clench, Benjamin V., auctioneer, 88 State 

Clifford. John I., mer., 51 Green, store 3 Hudson 

Clowes, Timothy, rector of St. Peter's church, Lodge 

Cludius, Augustus, segar maker, 32 Orange 

Cobb, James N., mer., 55 Divsion, store 45 Quay 



Albany Directory, 1813. 61 

Cobb & Skelding, mer., 61 Quay 

Cobb, widow of Henry B., 53 Division 

Cogswell, Smith, mer., 49 Lion 

Cogswell, widow Sally, 53 Sand 

Cole, Patrick, carpenter, 59 Liberty 

Cole, Simon, ferryman, rear 59 Liberty 

Collier, George, tailor, 28 Pine 

Conant, Francis, mer., 11 State 

Connel, Daniel, cartman, 26 Van Schaick 

Connolly, Patrick, cartman, 44 Church 

Conover, Christian, laborer, 25 Van Schaick 

Cook, Daniel, shoemaker, 40 Washington 

Cook, John, 31 Church, lib. and read, room, 6 Court 

Cook, John, brickmaker, ^30 Deer 

Cooley, Earl, gunsmith, 53 Sand 

Cooper, Andrew, innkeeper, 17 Washington 

Cooper, Charles D., 50 State 

Cooper, Obadiah, 150 Washington 

Cooper, widow Phebe, 40 Fox 

Cooper, widow, 8 Washington 

Cottam, William, baker, 9 Church 

Courtney, widow Bridget, 4 Maiden lane 

COVERT, ABRAHAM, grocer, 217 Court 

Cowan & Cobb, mer., 45 Quay 

Crane, Rhodolphus, mer , 51 Green, store 60 Quay 

Crane, Thomas, laborer, 33 Quay 

Crane, widow Lydia. grocer, 154 Court 

Crannel, Mathew, baker, 73 Pearl 

Crannel, William, barber, 2 Dock 

Craw, James, milliner, 72 Market 

Crittendon, Leverett, 49 Washington 

Cromwell, Samuel, lapidary, 47 Lydius 

Cronk, Henry, ferryman, 48 Church 

Croswell, Harry, Lodge 

Crow, James, mason, 35 Montgomery 

Cujay, widow of Fortune, 208 Washington 

Cummings, Gilbert, merchant, 23 Liberty 

Cummings, James, grocer, 14 Van Schaick 

Cureton, John, 9 Fox 



62 Albany Directory, 1815. 

Curtis, Benjamin, 7 Maiden lane 
Curtis, Levi, grocer, 125 Lion 
Cushman, Paul, potter, 243 Lion 
Cutler, John, 16 Store lane 
Cuyler, Jacob C., 76 Hudson 
Cuyler, John C., mer., 121 Market 
Cuyler, widow Elizabeth, 14 Beaver 
Cuyler, widow Mary, 138 State 



Dalton, William, 175 Court 

Daniel, James, earthenware house, 123 Market 

DANIELS, WARNER, Eagle air furnace, 101 Beaver 

Daniel, James, hatter, 14 Court 

Davidson, Hezekiah, carpenter, 16 Lion 

DAVIS, NATHANIEL, merchant., 6 Water, store 1 State 

Davis, Ichabod, 69 Deer 

Davis, widow Sarah, 40 Church 

Davis, widow, 126 Lion 

Davis, Robert, baker, 35 Quay 

Davis & Center, merchants, 1 State 

Davison, Peter, cancer doctor, 37 Pearl 

Dawson, Rickart, carpenter, 171 Washington 

Dawson, Thomas, grocer, 184 Court 

Dawson. William, teamster,_58 Van Schaick 

Day, William, 71 Beaver 

Day, Ralph, printer, 97 Beaver 

Day, James, butcher, 70 Lion 

Daymond, Francis, teacher, 97 Lych'us 

Dean, Charles, writing master, 47 Market 

DeArmon, William, mason, 77 Orange 

DeGarmo, widow Cornelia, 150 Washington 

Daniel, Daniel, laborer, 9 Pine 

Delaney, Dennis, grocer, 68 Church 

Delavan, Henry W., hardware stjre, 2 Court 

Delzell, Robert, cartman, 134 Deer 

Demilt, Isaac, shoemaker, 3 Liberty 

Demilt, Isaac, jun., whip maker, 85 Lydius 

Demilt, James, cartman, 6 Chapel 



Albany Directory, 1813. 63 

Dennis, John, 101 Beaver 

Dennison, Joseph, grocer, 26 Dock 

Denniston, Polly, 23 Washington 

Denny, Mrs. E., dyer and silk dresser, 29 Columbia 

Denny, widow Penelope, innkeeper, 30 Eagle 

Dervine, William, carver, 19 Water 

DeVoe, Christopher, grocer, 15 Beaver 

Dewey, James, 25 Hamilton 

Dewey, Timothy, mer., 69 Division, store 48 State 

DeWitt, Ephraim, superintendent ferry, 248 Court 

DeWitt, Levi, weigher of hay, Ferry street 

DeWitt, Simeon, surv. gen., 149 Court, office 122 State 

Dexter. Samuel, druggis^ 57 State 

Deyermond, John, grocer, 59 Orange 

Diamond, widow Mary, 109 Lydius 

Dodge, Calvin, bookseller, 67 Hamilton, store 100 State 

Dodge, David S., carpenter, 74 Beaver 

Dodge, John, carpenter, 40 Fox 

Doige, Thomas, Shakspeare inn, 44 Green 

Dole, widow Ann, 17 Beaver 

Doras, widow Susan, 21 Chapel 

Dorr, Elisha, hatter, 43 Wash., shop 29 Court 

Doty, JohnF., watchmaker, 7 Union, shop 23 Court 

Douglass, Ann, grocer, 53 Maiden laue 

Douglass, Sally, boarding house, rear of 3 Hamilton 

Douglass, James B., mer.. 64 Quay 

Douw, John D. P., mer., 78 State, store 5 Court 

Douw, widow Catharine, 12 Orange 

Douw, widow Mary, 5 Fox 

Downing. Patrick, sawyer, 75 Maiden lane 

Dox, Peter P, 29 State 

Doyle, Dennis, laborer, 36 Union 

Doyle, Thomas, grocer, 25 Hamilton 

Doyle, William, ship carpenter, 27 Church 

Drake, Peter, 101 Beaver 

Drury, Nicholas, hair dresser, 15 Hudson 

Drury, widow, Elizabeth, boarding house, 55 Hudson 

Dudley, Charles E., 54 Pearl 

Dufau, John, grocer, 47 Quay 



64 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Dufifey, William, 88 Court 

Dunbar, Levinus, 13 Van Tromp 

Dunbar, Robert W., grocer, 22 Pearl 

Dunbar, William, paver, 6 Van Tromp 

Duncan, Thomas, builder, 100 Bearer 

Duncan, Richard, builder, 55 Green 

Dunham, Josiah, shoemaker, Tyger 

Dunlap, James, carpenter, 11 Van Tromp 

Dunleavy, Mary, 53 Orange 

Dunn, Cornelius M., grocer, 96 Court 

Dunn, Edward, mer., 28 Division, store 16 Court 

Dunn, Richard & Son, men, 16 Court 

Dunn, Robert, grocer, 173 Court 

Dunn, Christopher, innkeeper, 5 Green 

Durant, Marary, carpenter, 15 Capitol 

Dutcher, Salem, skipper, 178 Court* 

E 

Easton, widow Jannet, 97 Beaver 

Easton, William, shoemaker, 68 Pearl 

Eaton, William, 37 Van Schaick 

Eddy, John & T , grocers, 279 Lion 

Eddy, Moses, 133 Lion 

Edge, Samuel, sweep office, 3 Chapel 

Edwards, John, barber, 5 Chapel 

Eights, Abraham, dockmaster, 28 Dock 

Eights, Jonathan, physician, 92 Pearl 

Elliot, Andrew, sawyer, 49 Van Schaick 

Elliot, James, 27 Washington 

Elliot, Robert, druggist, 13 Beaver, shop 38 Court 

Ellison, widow Elizabeth, 34 Montgomery 

Ellison, widow of late Thomas, 5 Liberty 

Elmendorf, Cornelius C., innkeeper, 118 Court 

Elmendorf, Peter E,, 66 Pearl 

Ely, John, jr ,dep. compr.,22 Maiden 1., office 122 St. 

Emerson, Joseph, victualling house, 26 Dock 

Ennis, Thomas, teacher, 3 Wash., school 48 Beaver 

Epes, John, harness maker, 42 Liberty, shop 132 Court 

Epes, William, coach maker, 50 Union 



Albany Directory, 1313. 65 

ERWIN, JOHN, mer., 65 Market, store 137 

Everest, Noah, 14 Deer 

Everett, Jesse, mer., 78 Court 

Evertsen, Henry, inspector of provisions, 38 Hudson 

Evertsen, Jacob, 22 Fox 

Evertsen, John, silversmith, 52 Hudson 

Evertsen, John, tanner, 65 Foz 



Fagan, Andrew, carpenter, 31 Hamilton 

Falls* Richard W., 169 Court 

Farnham, Henry, carver, 42 Union, shop 45 Lydius 

Farnham, Rufus, 69 Washington 

Farrel, Philip, chandler, 50 Church 

Fasset, Asa, shoejnaker, 27 Pine 

Fasset, Benjamin, saddler, 26 Beaver 

Fasset, Timothy, grocer, 73 Lion 

Fay & Jones, mer., 1 Hamilton 

Feltman, John, 45 Columbia 

Fidler, Launcelot, hatter, 102 Court 

Field, widow Catharine, grocer, 39 Union 

Fisher, John, 166 Lion 

Fisher, John, pump maker, 17 Quay 

Fitzsimons, Andrew, sawyer, 75 Maiden lane 

Flack, Michael, mer., 61 Court 

Flagg, John, innkeeper, 20 Pine 

Flemish, John, fisherman, William 

Fletcher, Timothy, grocer, 6 Hudson 

Flynn, Hugh, grocer, 26 Hudson 

Flynn, Peter, 50 Quay 

Fonda, Douw, 52 Pearl 

Fonda, Isaac, 4 Van Tromp 

Fonda, widow Catharine, 118 Market 

Fonda, widow Willimpy, 66 Market 

Fondey, John, jun., Market cor Van Tromp 

Foot, Ebenezer, counsellor, 36 Montgomery 

Forbes, Alexander, carpenter, 47 Liberty 

Forbes, George G., bookbinder, 92 Court { 

Forbes, Nathaniel, carpenter, 35 Hudson 



66 Albany Directory, 1813, 



t, widow Agnes, 42 Sand 

, .George, innkeeper, 134 Lion 
Forby/John, sawyer, 7 Capitol 
Fjrd, Benjamin, land office, 118 State 
Ford, E Hakim, boatman, 16 Quay 
Ford, Thomas W., mer., 53 Hamilton, store 31 State 
Forman, Benoni B., silversmith, 80 Lion 
Forsyth & Root, grocers, 8 Hudson 
Forsyth, George, 14 Division, store 15 State 
FORSYTH, RUSSELL, 55 Hamilton, store 15 State 
FOWLER, WILLIAM, mer., 33 Court 
Fraser, Daniel, 33 Van Schaick 
Fraser, John, grocer, 23 Lion 
Fraser, Joel, carpenter, 27 Fox 
Fraser, Robert, cartman, Rensselaer. 
FREDENRICH, JOHN C., jun., 80 Washington 
Freeland, John, carpenter, 20 Liberty 
French, Cromwell, shoemaker, 45 Church 
Friday, Abraham, blacksmith, 77 Pearl 
Friday, widow Hannah, 7 Maiden lane 
Fryer, John W., silversmith, 21 Washington 
Fryer, Philip, cooper, 14 Deer 
Fryer, William & John, painters, 114 Market 
Fryer, William & John, 36 Washington 
FRY, JOSEPH, city ganger, 34 Beaver 
Fuller, Reuben, carpenter, 23 Fox 
Fuller, Samuel, wheelwright, 40 Fox 
Fullington, Nathaniel, grocer, 14 Beaver 
Furlong, Peter, blacksmith, 22 Beaver 

G 

Gager, John, skipper, 43 Union 
Galoway, William, brush factory, 68 Lion 
Galpen & Bacon, saddlers, 75 Lion 
Galusha, Zachariah, 69 Beaver, sh. Lutheran 
GANSEVOORT, PETER, counsellor, 58, office 110 Market 
Gansevoort, widow Catharine, 58 Market 
Gardinier, Andrew, grocer, 3 Maiden lane 
Gardner, Samuel, carpenter, 5 Fox 




Albany Directory, 1813. 67 

Garling, Bernhard, tailor, 82 Beaver 

Garrison, Thomas, laborer, Rensselaer 

GATES, GERRIT, mer., 120 Market 

Gates, John, 5 Van Tromp 

Gawin, John, Frelinghuysen 

Gay, Stephen, shoemaker, 80 Court 

Gibben, Robert, laborer, 37 Orange 

Gibson, James, cartman, 77 Washington 

Gibson, James M., 247 Lion 

Gibson, John, cartman, 75 Hudson 

Gibson, William, butcher, 92 Beaver 

Gier, Darius, carpenter, 65 Eagle 

Gier, Seth, carpenter, 5* Union 

Gibbs, William, chairmaker, 220 Court 

Gilbert. James, 106 State 

Giles, William, grocer, 20 Pearl 

Gill, Mathew, mer., 35 Columbia, store 37 Orange 

Gillespie, Robert I., carpenter, 53 Orange 

Gillespie, William, 48 Liberty 

GLADDING, JOSEPH & Timothy, painters, 112 State 

GODFREY, JOHN J., merchant, 66 State 

Goewey, John A., saddler, 14 Market 

Goheen, widow Catharine, school, 1 Liberty 

Goodenow, Sterling, master in chancery, 65 State 

Goodrich, Benezer, 93 State 

Goodrich, Benjamin, innkeeper, 90 Lion 

GOOLD, JAMES, wheelwright, 17 Dock cor. Mark lane 

Gordon, Adam, 103 Beaver 

Gordon, David, nailer, 70 Lion 

Gordan, John, merchant 179 Court 

Gould, Job, merchant, 42 Court 

Gould, Joseph, laborer, 39 Liberty 

Gould, Thomas, mer., 94 Pearl, store middle lane 

Gould, William & Co., booksellers, 114 State 

Goundry, George, 61 Beaver 

GOURLAY, JAMES, merchant, 85 and 89JLion 

Gourlay, Richard, grocer, 90 Fox 

Grace, widow Margaret, grocer, 4 Lutheran 

Graham, John T. B., 5 Market 



68 Albany Directory, 1813J 

Graham, T. V. W., judge of probate, 5 Market 

Grant, Alexander, accountant, 18 Pearl 

Gray, John, baker, 144 Lion 

Gregory, Benjamin, 17 Division 

Gregory, Mathew, eagle tavern, 103 Court 

Green & Co., booksellers, 73 State 

Grier, Andrew, cartman, Rensselaer 

Grier, James, laborer, Rensselaer 

Grier, Thomas, cartman, Westerlo 

Grieve, Archibald, laborer, 53 Fox 

Griffin, John & Richard, shoemakers, 23 Capitol 

Griffin, Richard, shoemaker, 51 Fox 

Griffith, John, grocer, 46 Hudson 

Grisswold, A. S. & Co., merchants, 63 State 

Groesbeeck, Abraham, merchant, 7 Steuben 

GROESBEEGK, CORNELIUS W., mer., 17 Market, store 95 

Groesbeeck, C. W. & Brothers, merchants, 95 Market 

GROESBEECK, DAVID W., mer., 25 Fox, store 95 Market 

Groesbeeck, John, blacksmith, 50 Church 

Groesbeeck, John, 78 Fox 

Groesbeeck, John I., shoemaker, 30V. Scha. sh. 68 Mar. 

Groesbeeck, Nicholas, tobacconist, 55 Fox 

Groesbeeck, widow Harriet, 32 Van Schaick 

GROESBEECK, WILLIAM W., mer., 4 Fox, st. 95 Market 

Guest, Henry, leath. mer., 86 Lyd., st. Lydius cor. Ch. 

Guest, John I., turner, 51 and 41 Liberty 

Greenwood, William L., public notary, 114 State 

H. 

Hagen, William, laborer, 18 Pine 
Haggarty, William, taylor, 25 Van Schaick 
Haight, widow Rachel, boarding house, 116 Court 
Hale, Daniel, 6 Market 
Hale William, counsellor, 1 Beaver 
Hal enbake, Henry B., 61 Washington 
Halenbake, Lawrence, 168 Lyon 
Hall, Abijah, silversmith, 30 Washington 
HALL, GREEN, jeweller, 2 Plain, shop 34 State 
Hall, Thomas, 6 Lydius 
Hall, widow Ann, 79 Pearl 



Albany Directory, 1813. 69 

Hall, widow Margaret, 10 Lydius 
Hall, William, carpenter, Hawk 
Hallam, Elizabeth, 57 Maiden-lane 
Hallet, Jacob, cartman, 8 Chapel 
Hamilton, Isaac, counsellor, 135 Market 
Hamilton, John, 65 Chapel 
Hamilton & Lush, counsellors, 135 Market 
Hamlin, A. P., mer., 51 State 
Hammond, James, carpenter, 27 Van Schaick 
Hamor, Henry, slater, 29 Quay 
Hand, Aaron, lumber mer., 225 and 206 Court 
Hand, Jeffrey, 217 Court 
Hand, Nathan, butcher, 104 and 152 Court 
Haney, Jacob, laborer, 28 Pine 
Hanford, George, printer, 17 State 
Hansen, Benjamin, shoemaker, 20 Steuben 
Hansen, Isaac, attorney, 23 Steuben 
Hansen, John, shoemaker, 16 Pearl 
Harbison, Simon and Wm. M., 93 Court 
Harley, widow Sarah, 49 Orange 
Harman, Thomas, cabinet maker, 18 Market 
Harris, Daniel, paperstainer, 39 Orange 
Harrison, Frank, 6 Chapel 
Harrison, John, carpenter, 13 Chapel 
Harrison, John A., 48 Washington 
Hart, John, 54 Chapel 
Haskins, Benjamin, cartman, 82 Beaver 
Hatfield, Edmund, hatter, 121 Court 
Hatfield, Edward, innkeeper, 1 Church 
Hathorn, David, mason, 47 Lydius 
Havens, widow of General, 45 Maiden lane 
Hawley, Eliphalet, tailor, 99 Court 
HAWLEY, GIDEON, attorney, 69 Lion 
Hawley, widow Elizabeth, inn keeper, 71 Maiden lane? 
Hawkins, Isaac, victualing house, 136 State 
Hawley, widow Elizabeth, innkeeper, 71 Maiden lane- 
Hawkins, Isaac, victualling house, 136 State 
Hebeysen, Martin, grocer, 67 Hudson 
Hecter, Patrick, grocer, 19 Lyoa 



70 Albany Directory, 1813. 

HEERMANS, JOHN, taylor, 16 Union, shop 25 Court 

Heet, widow Dorothy, 13 Pine 

Hempsted, Isaac, public notary, 118 Washington 

Henderson, widow Mary, Frelinghuysen 

HENDRICKSON, JOHN, shoemaker, 30 State 

Henry, John, barber, 28 Market 

Henry, Harmanus, shoemaker, 33 Fox 

Henry, John V., counsellor, 19 Columbia 

Henry, Robert R., mer., 50 Market, store 36 Quay 

Henry, Samuel, cartman, 55 Fox 

Henry, widow Ann, 75 Washington 

Herring & Walker, merchants, 54 Court 

Herring, Samuel, 10 Pearl 

Herring, Thomas, mer., 11 Liberty, store 54 Court 

Herrington, Daniel, 40 Van Schaick 

Hertell, Cornelius, seargt. at arms senate, 113 Lydius 

Hewson, John, mason, 126 Washington 

Hewson, widow Mary, 42 Liberty 

Heyer, Garret, 50 Court 

Higby, Nathaniel, grocer, 138 State 

Higby, Nathaniel, grocer, 6 Lutheran 

Higham, A., innkeeper, 165 Court 

Hill, Charles, leather dresser, 33 Maiden lane 

Hill, Samuel, merchant, 39 State 

Hilton, James, mason, 90 Hudson 

Hilton, John, shoemaker, 73 Hudson 

Hilton, Peter, cooper, 40 Beaver 

Hilton, Peter, grocer, 23 Van Schaick 

Hilton, Peter, jun., wheelwright, 39 Lion 

Hilton, Phebe, morroc., hat and cap store, 134 Market 

Hilton, Volkert D., mason, Ferry street 

Hilton, widow Nancy, Union corner Division 

Hinman, Samuel, carpenter, 128 Washington 

HINCKLY, JOHN, painter, 22 Hamilton, shop 37 Court 

Hixon, James, barber, 24 Orange 

Hocknell, Thomas, laborer, 207 Washington 

Hochstrasser, Paul, merchant, 106 Market 

Hodge, James, stone cutter, 134 Court 

Hoffman, widow Patty, 104 Court 



Albany Directory, 1813. 71 

Holkins, Abel D., builder, 32 Union 

Hollister, Agustin, cartman, 35 Fox 

Holmes, Samuel, 69 Deer 

Holstead, Briggs, 11 Capitol 

Holt, Nathan, grocer, 26 State 

Home, Caroline Amelia, 36 Van Schaick 

Ilooghkirk, Garret, carpenter, 67 Beaver 

Hooghkirk. Lucas, mason, 94 Hudson 

Hooghkirk, Lucas I., carpenter, 17 Van Schaick 

Hooghkirk, widow Ann, 38 Beaver 

Hooghkirk, widow Margaret, 37 Beaver 

Hooker, Philip, architect, 165 Court 

Hooker, Samuel, ale house, 136 Washington 

Hornbeck, Joseph, 205 Court 

HOSFORD, DAVID, attorney, 30 Pearl 

Hosford, E. & E., printers and booksellers, 72 State 

Hosford, Harley, musical instrument maker, 97 State 

Hosford, Othniel, gunsmith. 42 Lion 

Hotchkiss, Arthur, tailor, 38 Beaver, shop 67 State 

Housten, James, laborer, 25 Pearl 

Howard, Ephraim, blacksmith, 150 Court 

Howard, Noah, nailer, William 

Howard, William, flour store, 54 Union 

Howe, Estes, mer., 52 Division, store 5 Hudson 

Howell& Son, trunk mak. c., 76 Court and 108 State 

Howell, Maltby, cabt. mak., 20 Ham., shop 126 Court 

Howell, Richard, grocer, 25 Pine 

Hoy, Richard, shoemaker, 58 Hudson 

Huggins, Asher, police constable, 43 Maiden lane 

Huggins, Thomas D., teacher, 43 and 55 Pearl 

Humphrey, Chauncey, 59 Deer 

Humphrey, Barnet, brickmaker, 28 Sand 

HUMPHREY, FRIEND, currier, 20 State 

Humphrey, George, merchant, 88 Beaver 

HUMPHREY, HUGH, carpenter, Maiden lane cor. Chapel 

Humphrey, John, innkeeper, 15 Lion 

Humphrey, John, jun., grocer, 16 Beaver 

HUMPHREY, WILLIAM, merchant, 9 Court 

Humphries, John, clothing store, 63 Court 



72 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Humphries, William, shoe store, 87 Court 
Hun, Derick, carpenter, 51 Liberty 
Hun, widow Maria, 112 Market 
Hun, William, carpenter, 23 Market 
Hunt, Abijah, 167 Court 
Hunt, Darius, 207 Court 
Hunt. William, shoemaker, 41 Sand 
Hunter, widow Isabel, 35 Beaver 
Huntingdon, widow Charlotte, 65 Maiden lane 
Hurlburt, Edward, merchant, 5 State 
Hurlburt, James, innkeeper, 48 Dock 
Hurst, Robert, 206 Lion 

Husted, Israel, mer., 28 Hamilton, store 68 Court 
Hutchins, Jacob, carpenter, 35 Fox 
Hutton, I. & G., mer., 17 and 15 Col., store 15 Court 
Huxley, James, 63 Division 

I 

Iggatt, Edward, grocer, 110 Beaver 

Ingraham, James, mer., 64 Lydius, store 63 Quay 

Ingraham, John, innkeeper, 56 Court 

Ives, Joseph, 53 Eagle 

Ives, Joseph & Son, merchants, 26 Court 

Ives, Samuel, innkeeper, 42 Lion 

J 

Jackson, Abraham, Bassett 
Jackson, James, 41 Division 
Jackson, John, laborer, 45 Liberty 
Jacobs, Francis, sweep office, 24 Pearl 
James & Flack, merchants, 54 State 
James, Daniel, 237 Court 
Jay, James, 19 Lion * 
Jenkins, David, hatter, 66 Lydius 
Jenkins, Elisha, qr. mr. gen., 121 Lion, office 46 Quay 
Jenkins, George, milliner, 1 18 State 
JENKINS, IRA, watchmaker, 21 Fox, shop 44 State 
Jenkins, James, grocer, 21 Liberty 
Jephson, William H., mer., 9 Columbia, store 75 State 
JERMAIN, SYLVANUS?., mer., 59 Chapel, store 66 Quay 



Albany Directory, 1813. 73 

Jewel, widow Hannah, 86 Fox 
Jobart, Benjamin, laborer, 32 Quay 
Jones, Caspar, 17 Quay 
Jones, Elisha, carpenter, 54 Washington, 
Jones, John, carpenter, 39 Fox 
Jones, John P., merchant, 76 Lyon 
Jones, Thomas, jun., mer., 116 Court, store 73 Quay- 
Johnson, Bristol, waterman, Bassett 
Johnson, Lewis, tailor, 76 Pearl 
Johnson, John, shoemaker, 177 Court 
Johnson, John, shoemaker, 67 Eagle 
Johnson, Stephen W., boarding house, 3 Washington 
Johnson, widow Lucretia, boarding house, 51 Green 
Johnson, William, grocer, 82 Pearl 
Joice & Lamoreux, grocers, 38 Lion 
Joraleman, Nicholas, mason, 34 Hudson 
Joseph, Joseph, boot cleaner, 18 Pine 
Joslyn, Jesse, teamster, Spring 
Joyce, George, cartman, 1 Pearl 
Judson, Nathaniel, grocer, 103 Lion 
Judson, Nathaniel, innkeeper, 136 Lion 

K 

Kane, George, grocer, 2 Maiden lane 
Kane, James, merchant, 76 State, store 45 Dock 
Kane, James & Archibald, mer., 45 Dock 
Kane, John, grocer, 5 Church 
Kane, Michael, grocer, 32 Quay 
Keeler, Isaac, skipper, 18 Hamilton 
Keeler, James, skipper, 41 Hudson 
Kent, James, chief justice, 21 Columbia 
Kent, John, shoemaker, 28 Court 
Kerr, Josiah, mer., 75 Court 
Kerr, Samuel, cabinet maker, 19 Fox 
Kerr, Samuel, grocer, opposite Fly Market 
Kennedy, James, mason, 78 Orange 
Kenyon, Joseph, blacksmith, 203 Court 
King, William, grocer, 24 Market 
King, widow, washer woman, rear 184 Court 
Keys, John, teacher, 57 Church 



74 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Kendal, Enoch, barber, 4 Church 

Kenyon. Moses, ship builder, 169 Court 

Kidney, John, blacksmith, 67 Hudson 

Kidney, Jonathan, blacksmith, 71 Hudson 

Killarn, Eliphalet, mer., 29 Lion 

Killing, Luke, painter, 55 Union 

Kirck, Henry T., coppersmith, Spring 

Kirkland, widow Margaret, 44 Union 

Kirk, John, mer., 122 Market 

Kittle, Nicholas, cartman, 32 Sand 

Kittle, Simon, grocer, 43 Fox 

Kittredge, Joseph D., physician, 27 Pearl 

Klinck, Graham, printer, 12 Plain 

KLINCK,* JOHN G,, printer, 12 Plain 

Knauff, John G. ; mer., 31 Van Schaick, st. 143 Mar. 

Knower, Benjamin, hatter, 43 Court 

Knower, Daniel, 22 Union 

Knower, Samuel, cabinet maker, 88 Market 

Knowlson, Thomas, grocer, 38 Lion 

L 

Ladd, James, innkeeper, 10 Green 
Ladew, Stephen, grocer, 6 Wash., store 9 Lutheran 
La Grange, Coenrad, blacksmith, 7 Pearl 
La Grange, G. & J., mer., 108 Market 
La Grange, James, 150 Deer 
La Grange, James, skipper, 68 Hudson 
LAMB, ANTHONY, 66 Hudson [res. in New York] 
Lamb, Jabez & Co., grocers, 81 Lion 
Lamoreux, Andrew, teamster, 86 Fox 
Lamoreux, Elizabeth, 59 Van Schaick 
Lamoreux, James, ship carpenter, Frelinghuysen 
Lansing, Abraham F., shoemaker, 5 Fox, sh. 12 Mar. 
Lansing, Abraham G., 94 Market 
Lansing, Abraham I., saddler, 67 Hudson 
Lansing Cesar, laborer, 20 Van Schaick 
Lansing, Cornelius D. R., attorney, 92 Market 
Lansing, Garret A., 34 Church 

[*Now a planter, at Memphis, Ten, 1853.] 



Albany Directory, 1813. 75 

LANSING, GERRIT Y., counsellor, 18 Col., office 92 Mar. 

Lansing, Henry R., mer., 88 Court 

Lansing, I. & J., mer., 113 Lion 

Lansing, Jacob, mason, 83 Hudson 

Lansing, John A., baker, 33 Washington 

Lansing, John, jun., chancellor, 78 Market 

Lansing, Myndert, tin plate worker, 48 Court 

Lansing, Sanders, counsellor, 16 Montgomery 

Lansingh, Abraham A., 212 Court 

Lansingh, H. & Co., mer., 40 State 

Lansingh, Harmanus, mer., 51 Pearl, store 40 State 

Lansingh, Jeremiah, 45 Pearl, store 40 State 

LATHROP, DYER, 48 Lion 

Lattimer, Benjamin, 9 Plain 

Lawson, John, 287 Lion 

Lmvthor, Robert, carpenter, 49 Fox 

Leake, John W., 51 Green 

Leeston, Thomas, 24 Green 

Leffingwell, Christopher, mer., 90 Court 

Legg, Samuel, laborer, Ferry 

Lemet, Louis goldbeater, 36 Dock 

Lennington, Thomas, 237 Court 

Le Rue, John, laborer, 31 Quay 

Lester, Elisha, 34 Orange 

Lester, Mordecai, weigher of hay, 223 Lion 

Lewis, Benedict, shoemaker, 11 Fox 

Lewis, David, carpenter, 9 Capitol 

Lewis, Garret, shoemaker. 46 Van Schaick, 

Lewis, James, saddler, 52 Van Schaick 

Lewis, Lewis, carpenter, 49 Eagle 

Lewis, Stewart, innkeeper, 76 State 

Lewis, widow Nancy, 11 Fox 

Lightbody, James, gaoler, State 

Linacre, James, cabt. mak., 41 Steu. ware h. 70 Mark. 

Linacre Thomas, cabinet maker, 57 Market 

Lindley, John, cartman, 50 Green 

Livingston & Jessup, grocers, 123 Court 

Livingston, Henry, grocer, 51 Green 

Lloyd, James, mer., 33 Uniou 



76 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Lobderi, Stephen, constable, 50 Church 

Lockrow, Charles, shoemaker, 11 Market 

Lockwood, Horace, skipper, 50 Lydius 

Lockwood, Jared, mer., board, h. 21 Mark 1. st. 40 Quay 

Lockwood, Millington, tailor, 76 Market 

Lockwood, Samuel M., mer., 54 Lyd., store 27 State 

Lockwood, Stephen, shoemaker, 9 Van Tromp 

Long, Moses, printer, 68 Beaver 

Loomis, George, teacher, 39 Washington 

Loomis, Harvey, saddler, 29 Church 

Louden, John, carpenter, 47 Orange 

Lougran, Francis, grocer, 183 Court 

Lovett, John, county clerk, office in the Capitol 

Low, Francis, William 

Low, James; physician, 73 State 

Lowry, Robert, grocer, 26 Pine 

Lucas. Isaac, builder, 60 Lydius 

Luce, Vinal & Co., druggists, 68 State 

Ludlow, Joseph, tailor, 180 Court 

Lumsden, David, grocer, 57 Hudson 

Lush, John, 62 Market 

Lush, Richard, 62 Market 

Lush, Samuel S., district attorney, 135 Market 

Lush, Stephen, counsellor, 87 Market, 

Lydius Baltus, 104 Pearl 

Lynch, widow Margaret, grocer, 8 Lutheran 

Lyon, Aaron, grocer, 27 Pine 

Lyon, John, 52 Deer 

Lyon, John, shoemaker, 50 Church 

Lyons, David, grocer, 12 Lydius 

M 

Macauly, John, artist, 1 Beaver 
Machim, James, laborer, 6 Fox 
Mackey, James, carpenter, 29 Quay 
M'Cabe, widow Hannah, grocer, 8 Lutheran 
M'Cammon, Enoch, 104 Beaver 
M'Carty, Jeremiah, tailor, 57 Eagle 
M'Casky, William, cartman, 34 Fox 
M'Chestney, John, carpenter, 30 Pearl 



Albany Directory, IS i3. 77 

M'Clallen, Hugh, gunsmith, 8 Beaver 

M'Clallen, Robert, boarding house, 66 State 

M'Clelland, widow Ann, 16 Van Tromp 

M'Clcnnahan, James, grocer, Mark lane 

M'Clinton, Ralph, cartman, 29 Division 

M'Collum, John, grocer, 28 Quay 

M'Collum, Randcl, grocer, 77 Maiden lane 

M'Conkey, William, mer., *42 Market 

M'Coughtry, Dorothy, rear of 7 Eagle 

M'Culloch, Hathorn, brewer, Ferry st 

M'Culloch, William, 15 Court 

M'Dole, William, laborer, 57 Liberty 

M'Donald. Alexander, 35T3eaver 

M'Donald, Angus, l-.borer, 33 Quay 

M'Donald, Angus, skipper, 187 Court 

M'Donald, D., barber, 7 Beaver, shop 2 Green 

M'Donald, Donald, 26 Pearl 

M'Donald, John, pas. United Pres. church, 41 Pearl 

M'Donald, Thomas, laborer, 16 Quay 

M'Dougall, John A., printer, 14 Deer 

M'Dougall, William, printer, 17 Washington 

M'Dowle, John, 52 Liberty 

M'Elroy, James, mason, 31 Washington 

M'Elroy, Samuel, mer., 17 Maiden lane 

M'Elroy, widow Nelly, 14 Green 

M'George, Sarah, young ladies' seminary, 66 Market 

M'Gill, William, mer., 24 Court 

M'Glashan, Daniel, printer, 51 Beaver 

M'Glashan, Mrs., 51 Beaver 

M'Gourk, Edward, grocer, 25 Quay 

M Gourky, Edward, grocer, 2 Chapel 

M'Gourky, John, 23 Pearl 

M'Gourky, Sally, 59 Orange 

M'Guigan, Francis, 184 Court 

M'Harg, widow Grissel, 49 Court 

M'Harg, widow Janet, grocer, 41 Market 

M'HARG, WILLIAM, mer., 19 Liberty, store 51 Court 

M'Hench, Peter, carpenter, 26 Washington 

M'lutosh, Peter, grocer, 12 Green 



78 Albany Directory, 1813. 

M'Intosh, Robert, carpenter, 37 Van Schaick 

M'Intosh, William, sawyer, 82 Fox 

M'lNTYRE, ARCH'D, cornptr., 41 Pearl, offi. 122 State 

M'Jirnsey, John, past, reformed presb ch., 8 Water 

M'Kay, Alexander, grocer, 26 Pearl 

M'Keuna, Andrew, mer., 86 Market 

M'Kennan, William, printer, 103 Beaver 

M'Killey, Daniel, baker, 30 Union 

M'Lachlan, John, flour store, 15 Washington 

M'Leish & Birrel, brewers, 38 Pearl 

M'Leod, Alexander, shoemaker. 49 Columbia 

M'Mickin, John, boarding house, 84 Pearl 

M'Millan, John, flour mer., 21 Hudson 

M'Mullen, Andrew, mer., 90 Court 

M'Mullen, James, grocer, 70 Quay 

M'Murdy, Anthony, 33 Quay 

M'Nab, Peter, stone cutter, 11 Water 

M'Pherson, George & Co., mer., 27 State 

M'Pherson, widow Janet, 51 Beaver 

M'Tavish. Alexander, 47 State 

M'Wade, PauL pastor of St Mary's Church, 7 Pine 

Magoffin, James, physician, 90 State 

Magoffin, John, 35 State 

Maher, James & John, mer., 36 Court 

Maher, James, mer., 13 Union [d. 1852] 

Maher, John, mer., 33 Church, store 36 Court 

Mallery, Sheldon, mer., 76 Washington 

Mallet, Francis, teacher of music, 50 Lydius 

Manchester, Adam, mer., 11 Hamilton, store 14 State 

Mancius, George W., 22 Mont., P. Office, 10 Court 

Mancius, Jacob, sheriff, 74 Market 

Mancius, John, 52 Market 

Mancius, widow Ann, 52 Market 

Mandell, Ephraim, 43 Maiden-lane 

Manning, John, skipper, 53 Dock 

March, Francis, skipper, 217 Washington 

Marsh, John, mer,, 7 State 

Marshal, William, skipper, 171 Court 

Marvin, Benedict Co., mer., 3 State 



Albany Directory, 1813. 79 

Marvin, John, raer., 43 Dock, store 65 Quay 

Marvin, Richard M., mer., 32 Court 

Marvin, Uriah, mer., 2 Water, store 3 State 

Marvin, William, mer., 103 Court, store 65 Quay 

MARVIN, Wm. Jno. & ALEX., mer., 65 Quay & 62 Court 

Marcelis, widow of Evert, 47 Union 

Marcelis widow, 36 Columbia 

MASCRAFT, WILLIAM, wheelwright, 69 Deer, sh. 54 Lion 

MASTERS' LODGE, 61 Maiden-lane 

Mastic, Mrs. 65 Maiden-lane 

Mather & Thorne, mer., 56 State 

Mather, Elias, mer., 52 Lydius, store 56 State 

Mather, William, boatman, Schuyler 

Maurice, Thomas, grocer, 44 Quay 

MAYELL, WILLIAM, hatter, 84 Court 

Mayer, Frederick G., pastor of Luth. Chur., 36 Colu. 

MEACHAM, HORACE, 48 Maiden-lane 

Meacham, J. & H., musical instrmt. makers, 104 State 

Mead, Selick, shoemaker, Tiger 

MEADS, JOHN, cabinet, maker, 97 Market 

MEIGS, JOHN, 107 Fox 

MeJgs, Richard M., druggist, 68 State 

Melich, David, 112 Washington 

Merchant, George, district paymaster, 124 State 

Merchant, G. W., grocer. 74 Lion 

Merchant, Horatio, attorney, 10 Market 

Merchant, Zebina, laborer, 97 Fox 

Merrit, Ebenezer, 57 Pearl 

Merry field, Richard, shoemaker, 75 Hudson 

Merryfield, Richard, shoemaker, 37 Washington 

Merryfield, William, grocer, 45 Washington 

Merwin, Samuel, pastor of Methodist church, 3 Pearl 

Miller, Christian, mer., 58 State 

Miller, John, tin plate worker, 26 Market 

Miller, John, tin plate worker, 6 Van Tromp 

Miller, Peter, mer., S9 Lion 

Miller, Philip, 38 Orange 

Mills, Timothy, tailor, 5 Dock, shop 19 State 

Milton, George, mason, 48 Van Schaick 



80 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Minor, Ephraim, 15 Hamilton 

Mitchell, James, innkeeper, 91 Court 

Mitchell, James, jun., grocer, 227 Lion 

MOAKLEY. PETER, sailmaker, 2 Mark-lare 

Moarne, Edward, laborer, 77 Orange 

Monk, Christopher, cartman, 57 Maiden-lane 

Monsion, Lewis, confectioner, 16 Market 

MONTEITH, GEORGE, skipper, 80 Hudson 

Moore & Allen, mer. 251 Lion 

Moore, James, tanner, 35 Fox 

Moore, John, grocer, 176 Washington 

Moore, Thomas, slater, 4 Van Schaick 

Moore, William, mason, Rensselaer 

MORGAN, SAMUEL, 60 Lion 

Morgan, William, grocer, 269 Lion 

Morrel, Daniel, shoemaker, 37 Fox, shop 35 Court 

Morrel, Jonathan, cooper, 5 Dock 

Morrel. widow Rachel, 38 Van Schaick 

Morris, David, 33 Beaver 

Morris, Rachel, 11 Capitol 

Morris, widow Margaret, 157 Court 

Morrow, William, intelligence office, 31 Pearl 

Mott, Annanias, shoes and findings, 46 Washington 

Mott, widow Sarah, 55 Eagle 

Mowers, Philip, 57 Liberty 

Munger, Mmry, milliner, 127 Market 

Munger, Curtis, shoemaker, 30 Market 

Murdock, Ebenezer, gro., 31 Maiden 1., sh. 124 State 

Murphy, Peter, carpenter, 47 Fox 

Murray, James, grocer. 62 Washington 

Murray, William, grocer, 128 Washington 

Murray, William, mason, 87 Lydius , 

Myer, laborer, 32 Quay 

Myers, Jacob, grocer, 41 Fox 

Mynderse, Frederick, 38 Hudson 

Mynderse, William, mason, 40 Hudson 

N 

Naler, widow Dorothy, rear of 58 Hudson 
Naler, William, carpenter, 77 Maiden-lane 



Albany Directory, 1813. 81 

Namo, Charles, baker. 20 Liberty 

Nash, widow Hannah, 116 Fox 

Negus, Nathaniel, innkeeper, 235 Court 

Nelliger, Joseph, cartman, Westerlo 

Nelliger, Thomas, laborer, Bass lane 

Newell, William, laborer, 33 Quay 

Newell, Ziba, shoemaker, William 

NEWLAND, DAVID, mer., 26 Green, store 129 Market 

NEWMAN, HENRY, leather dresser, 110 Market 

Newman, Lewis, mason, 44 Union 

Newton, Dyer, ship carpenter, 87 Lydius 

Newton, John, 25 Hamilton 

Newton, William & Daniel, grocers, 45 Lion 

NEWTON, WILLIAM, mer., 28 Sand 

Niell, William, pastor of Presb. church, 19 Steuben 

Noble Francis, mason, 43 Van Schaick 

Norris, Jacob, turner, 41 Dock 

Norton, David, boatman, Ferry 

Norton, John, mason, 59 Van Schaick 

Norton, Samuel, mason, 48 Hudson 

Nugent, John, young ladies' seminary, 81 Pearl 



Oake, Abraham, surveyor, Lutheran 

Ogden, widow Phebe, Hawk 

Oliver, widow Elizabeth, 58 Van Schaick 

Olmstead, David, skipper, 28 Hamilton 

Osborn, tailor, rear of 28 Market 

Ostrander, Benjamin, cabinet maker, 53 Montgomery 

Ostrander, John, 51 Chapel 

Ostrander, John I., examiner in chancery, 9 Washing. 

Ostrander, widow Catharine, 32 Beaver 

Ouke, John, shoemaker, 54 Union 

Ouke, Jacob, shoemaker, 9 Maiden lane 

Ousterhout, Wilhelmus, cartman, 54 Van Schaick 



Packard, Benjamin D., bookseller, 71 State 
Packard, Isaac, carpenter, 60 Beaver 
7 



82 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Packard, Robert, printer, 44 Court 

Page, Levi, 37 Liberty 

Page, Levi, 12 Plain 

Page, Nicholas, skipper, 6 Division 

Palmatier, widow, 70 Lion 

Palmer & Tinker, merchants, 114 Court 

Palmer, Robert, 19 Lion 

Pangburn, Edmund, laborer, 31 Quay 

Pangburn, Solomon, shoemaker, 48 Van Schaick 

Parker & Hawley, attornies, 69 Lion 

Parker, Philip S., counsellor, 69 Lion 

Parker, Thomas, tailor, 28 Beaver 

Parker, widow Sarah, 13 Capitol 

Patterson, Archibald, weaver, Rensselaer 

Patterson, Gawin, carpenter, 51 Fox 

Payn & Heroy, watchmakers, 74 State 

Pearce, Barton, printer, Green 

Pearson, George, merchant, 59 State 

Pearson, Pool, tailor, 72 State 

Pease, James & Jabez, leather store, 61 Lion 

Peck, Catharine, teacher, 39 Hudson 

Peckham, Audley C., mer., 17 Hudson 

Peckham & Knower, mer., 17 Hudson 

PEMBERTON, EBKNEZER, 59 Pearl 

Pemberton, E. & T. L., paper stainers, 100 State 

PEMBERTON, THOMAS L., milliner, 22 Hudson 

Penny, Samuel T., mer., 44 Market 

Perkins, John, 35 Church 

Perkins, John, stone cutter, 148 Court 

Perkins, Rufus, stone cutter, 239 Lion 

Perry, John & Co., grocers, 82 Lion 

Perry, John, innkeeper, 86 Lion 

Pettet, Ira, grocer, 37 Lion 

Pettinger, Abraham, shoemaker, 35 Van Schaick 

Pew, widow, 97 Beaver 

PHELPS, PHILIP, 19 Green 

Philps, William, merchant, 133 Market 

Pierce, John, cartman, 44 Union 

Pierce, Lemuel, 20 Dock 



Albany Directory, 1813. 83 

Piles, Francis L., boatman, 45 Liberty 

Plantain, Anthony, 19 Fox 

Platt, Charles Z., state treasurer, 63 Pearl 

Platt, Ebenezer, grocer, 15 Hamilton 

Poinier, Charles P., distiller, 105 State 

Polscroft, Peter, 77 Beaver 

Pomeroy, Noah, innkeeper, 44 Quay 

PORTER, G. W., tailor, 64 State 

Porter, Ira, tailor, 105 State 

POTTS, WIDOW of JKSSE, 52 Dock 

Powell, John, tin plate worker, 43 Market 

Powers, Daniel, fruiterer, 69 Court 

Pratt & Durant, mer., 67 Court 

Pratt, John, waggoner, 73 Maiden-lane 

Pratt, Moses, printer, 69 Washington 

PRATT, RALPH, mer., 13 Liberty, store 67 Court 

Prentiss, Benjamin F., saddler, 26 Beaver 

Prentiss & Fassett, grocers, 249 Lion 

Presseau, Daniel, laborer, 5 Water 

Price, Daniel, shoemaker, 7 Fox 

Price, widow Mary, 69 Washington 

Pritchard, William., stone cutter, 49 Lydius 

Proudfit, widow Nancy, 53 Chapel 

Pruyn, Casparus, blacksmith, 74 Pearl 

Pruyn, Francis C., blacksmith, 47 Columbia 

Pruyn, Jacob, skipper, 59 Hudson 

PRUYN, JOHN & Co., mer., 103 Market 

Pruyn, John F., 83 Pearl 

Pruyn, widow Eleanor, 24 Maiden-lane 

Pugsley, Abraham B., innkeeper, 32 Eagle 

PUTNAM, ELISHA, builder, 78 Pearl 

Q 

Quick, Gerardus, nailer, 3 Capitol 
Quackenboss, John B., printer, 24 Van Schaick 
Quackenbush, Abraham, cooper, 3 Mark-lane 
Quackenbush, Nicholas N., attorney, 20 Market 
Quackenbush, Sybrant, carpenter, Schuyler 



84 Albany Directory, 1813. 

R 

Radcliff, Henry, 45 Union 
Radcliff, James, cooper, 14 Deer 
Radcliff, James, cooper, 15 Mark-lane 
Radcliff, James, 45 Union 
Radcliff, Nicholas, 6 Union 
Radcliff, Philip, 68 Beaver 

Randel, D. & A., cabinet makers, Pearl, cor. Columbia 
Rathbone, Valentine, mer., 81 Green, store 13 Hudson 
Ray, Cornelius, grocer, 168 Court 
Reckhow, Hezekiah, 205 Court 
Reckhow, John, grocer, 6 Maiden-lane 
Reeves, William, tailor, 46 Van Schaick 
Reid, John, mer., 70 Market 
Rettider, Peter, 175 Court 
Reuwe, widow Sally, 17 Pine 
Revie, Joseph, laborer, 24 Van Schaick 
Reynolds, John, eartman, 40 Van Schaick 
Rhino, Rebecca, mer., 54 Market 
RICE, JOSEPH T., watchmaker, 23 Liberty, shop 53 Court 
Rice, Nahum, mer., 37 Green, store 55 Quay 
Rice, Ward, carpenter, 61 Eagle 
Ridgway, Thomas, shoemaker, 41 Hudson 
Riley, Asher, carpenter, 71 Washington 
Rivington, James, 41 Maiden lane 
Roberts, Hugh, laborer, 46 Van Schaick 
Robertson, James, grocer, 29 Pearl 
Robbins, James B., printer, 61 Beaver 
Robbins, Joseph, blacksmith, Hawk 
Robinson, Daniel S., mason, 51 Union 
Robison & Vanderbelt, coachmakers, 25 Church 
Robison, John, 34 Dock 
Rodgers, James, air furnace, Lion 
Rodgers, Jedediah, mer., 17 Liberty, store 34 Court 
Rodgers, Robert, joiner, Ferry 
Rodgers, widow Elizabeth, 30 Pearl 
Rodgers, William, blacksmith, 29 Hamilton 
Roff, Steni, grocer, 1 Market 
Roggen, Peter, 93 State 



Albany Directory, 1813. 85 

Rogier, B., fruiterer, 102 Market 

ROM, CATHARINE, 31 Columbia 

Root & Davidson, leather store, 12 Court 

Root, Lyman, mer., 125 Market, store 12 Court 

Roseboom, widow Hester, 59 Hudson 

Rosser, Richard, mason, 128 Court 

Ross, Benjamin, gunsmith, 18 Pearl 

Rowley, Elijah, constable, 5 Capitol 

Rowley, William, grocer, 44 Chapel 

Ruby Robert, cooper, 6 Pearl 

Rudes, Jason, 43 Van Schaick 

Russ, ADAM, cartman, 101 Fox 

Russell & Wasson, grocers, 35 Lion 

Russell, Caleb, mason, 51 Deer 

Russell, David, mason, 80 Beaver 

Russell, John, brickmaker, 76 Beaver 

Russell, Joseph, alderman, 61 Deer 

Russell, Joseph, painter, Water, store 100 Market 

Russell, Solomon, 148 Washington 

Russell, T. & J., painters, 100 Market 

Russell, Thomas, painter, 38 Mont., store 100 Market 

Ryckman, Susan, 4 Beaver 

Ryckman, Lydia, 27 Green 

Ryckman, widow Elizabeth, 10 Beaver 



Safford, Elias, tool cutter, 16 Store-lane, shop 128 State 

Sager, cartman, Tiger 

SANDERS, BARKNT, 50 Washington 

Sanford & Page, mer., 40 Lion 

Sanford, Robert, laborer, 41 Van Schaick 

Sanford, Stephen, 55 Deer 

SATTERLEE, EDWARD R., mer., 37 Mont., store 67 Quay 

Satterlee, S. & E. R., mer., 67 Quay 

Saunders, Thomas, carpenter, 21 Green 

Scammel, William, cartman, 5 Pine 

Schell, George, 47 Union 

Schell, John, carpenter, 28 Van Schaick 

Schermerhorn, Cornelius, jun., innkeeper, 12 Beaver 



86 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Schoon, Walter, grocer, Pearl, corner of Orange 

Schroon, William, 53 Fox 

Schuyler, Col. Peter P., 52 Market 

Schuyler, David, insp. of ashes, 88 Pearl, of. 5 Maid. 1 

Schuyler, Harmanus P,, chamberlain, 71 Market 

Schuyler, Samuel, skipper, 204 Washington 

Schuyler, Stephen P., mer., 69 Market 

Schuyler, Thomas, laborer, 56 Liberty 

Scott, George, pump maker, 15 Steuben 

Scott, John, millwright, 171 Washington 

Scott, William, cartman, 26 Van Schaick 

Scott, William, grocer, 181 Washington 

Scovel, Hezekiah, mer., 4 State 

Scrymser, James, grocer, 40 Montgomery 

Scrymser, James, stone cutter, 9 Water 

Searle & Houghton, grocers, 22 State 

Sedgwick & Bleecker, attorneys, 82 Market 

Sedgvvick, Roderick, mer., 45 State [d. in N. Y.] 

Sedgwick, Theodore, attorney, 82 Market 

Seely, James, shoemaker, 45 Columbia 

Seymour & Hill, hatters, 57 Lion 

Seymour, Joseph, boatman, 19 Fox 

Seymour, William H. & Co., leather store, 15 State 

Sharp George C., public notary, 27 Steuben 

Sharp, John, tobacconist, 59 Market 

Sharp, Peter, 8 Market 

Sharp, Purley, 3 Maiden-lane 

Shaver, Frederick, morocco leather dresser, Ferry 

Shaw, George, laborer, rear of 184 Court 

Sheldon, Alanson, mer., 70 Washington 

Shepherd & Boy d, jewellers, 136 Market 

Shepherd, George, mer., 51 Washington, store 80 State 

Shepherd, RoWt, 48 Hamilton, store 136 Market 

Shepherd, Stephen, laborer, 116 Fox 

Shepherd, Thomas, grocer, 83 Maiden-lane 

SHEPHERD, WIDOW CATHARINE, Lodge 

Shepherd, widow of Thomas, 56 Washington 

Sherman, Abel, physician, 8 Fox 

Sherman, Jahaziel, skipper, 116 Washington 



Albany Directory, 1813. 87 

Sherman, Job, shoemaker, 41 Sand 

Sherman, Josiah, mer., 17 Capitol, store 13 State 

Sherwood, Samuel, carpenter, 9 Capitol 

Shippey, Paul, shoemaker, 125 Court 

Shoemaker, Jacob, grocer, 147 Washington 

Shumway, Nehemiah, grocer, 62 Court 

Sibber, Joseph, laborer, 39 Liberty 

Sickland, William, laborer, 97 Fox 

SICKLES ABRAHAM, baker, 34 Liberty 

Sickles, John, 10 Dock 

Sickles, Zachariah, shoemaker, 8 Dock 

Sidney, William, grocer, 83 Quay 

Simmons, Jacob, 83 Beaver 

Simpson, George, tin plate worker, 100 Beaver 

Simpson, William, laborer, 49 Van Schaick 

Sims, Francis, blacksmith, 74 Fox 

SIPPLE, JOHN, carpenter, 54 Fox 

Skillin, Samuel, baker, 61 Pearl, shop 77 State 

Skinner, Daniel, Mrs. Shepherd's, Lodge 

SKINNER, ELISHA W., Tontine coffee house, 53 State 

Skinner, Hezekiah, 106 State 

Skinner, Nathaniel S., Tontine coffee house, 53 State 

Skinner, R. C., dentist, 171 Washington 

Skinner, widow Mary, innkeeper, 159 Court 

Skinner, William, baker, 24 Beaver 

SLACK, JOHN, jun., 275 Lion 

Slingerland, Douw B., mer., 115 Market 

Slingerland, Hester, 113 Market 

Slingerland, Tunis, mer., 55 Market 

Slocum, Mathew B., mer., 30 State 

Small, Lawrence, laborer, Schuyler 

Smiley, Samuel, grocer, 17 Lutheran 

Smith, Abijah, carpenter, 28 Hamilton 

Smith & Pitkin, druggists, 84 State 

Smith & Van Veghten, -merchants, 11 Hudson 

Smith & Walker, merchants, 13 Lion 

Smith, Charles, laborer, 186 Washington 

Smith, Cotton, mer., 62 Lydius, store 71 Quay 

Smith, Ebenezer, mer., 2 f Pine, store 33 State 



88 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Smith, George, mer., 52 Sand 

Smith, Hagar, 34 Montgomery 

Smith, Henry, mer., 48 Division, store 71 Quay 

Smith, Israel, mer., 49 Hamilton, store, 11 Hudson 

Smith, James, 84 Fox 

Smith, Jesse, shoemaker, 176 Court 

Smith, Jesse W., 73 Maiden lane 

Smith, John, grocer, 61 Eagle 

Smith, John, tailor, 39 Market 

Smith, Mrs., school, 13 Washington 

Smith, Obadiah, mer., 44 Division, store 5 Hudson - 

Smith, Peter, laborer, Frelinghuysen 

SMITH, RALPH, mer., 70 Lion 

Smith, Reuben, innkeeper, 9 Market 

Smith, Thomas, boarding house, 5Q Lion 

Smith, Thomas, mason, 6 Chapel 

Smith, William, 7 Capitol 

Snyder, Daniel, Tiger 

Snyder, Henry, boatman, 43 Liberty 

SNYDER, HENRY W., engraver, 1 Beaver 

Snyder, Peter, grocer, 216 Washington 

South wick, Henry C., printer and bookseller, 94 State 

Southwick, Solomon, editor Alb. Register, 20 Wash'n 

South wick, Thomas, mer., 9 Hudson 

Spafford, Horatio G., author of Geog. and Gazetteer, 

Colonie, two doors south of arsenal. 
Spencer, Ambrose, judge supreme court, 119 Lion 
Spencer, George B., mer., 86 Lydius, store 9 Court 
Spencer, Giles, trunk and bandbox maker, 23 Green 
Spencer, John & Co., merchants, 11 Court 
Spencer, John, mer., 54 Division, store 11 Court 
Spencer, Thomas, Union Air Furnace, Lion 
Sprinks, widow Elizabeth, leather dresser, 51 Market 
Staats, Barent G., mer., 109 Market 
Staats, Henry, mer., 86 State 
Staats, Isaac W., mer., 105 Market 
Staats, John Y., skipper, 53 Washington 
Staats, William, collector of taxes, 84 Hudson 
Stackhouse, William, grocer, 2 Eagle 



Albany Directory, 1813. 89 

Stafford, John, mer... 82 Lydius, store 9 Court 

Stafford, Spencer, mer., 88 Lydius, store 9 Court 

Staffords & Spencer, mer., 9 Court 

Stanton, George W., mer., 44 Hudson, store 2 State 

Stanton, Thomas W., shoemaker, 97 Beaver 

Starr, Ephraim, mer., 98 Pearl 

Starr, P. R. & Co., 55 State 

STEAD, WILLIAM, mer., 11 Court 

Steam boat office, 172 Court 

Stearns, John, physician, 80 Market 

Steel, Levi, hair dresser, 16 Liberty, shop 6 Beaver 

Steele, Daniel, bookseller, 15 Liberty, store 44 Court 

Steele, Elijah. 106 State' 

Steele, Eliphalet, innkeeper, 106 State 

Stephens, James, brickmaker, 69 Eagle 

Stevenson, James, attorney, 90 State 

Stevenson, widow of John, 92 State 

Stewart, Adam, grocer, 24 Quay 

Stewart, Gilbert, merchant, 69 Hudson, store 68 Quay 

Stewart, Walter, merchant, 77 State 

Stewart, widow Isabel, 73 Hudson 

Sternberg, David, innkeeper, 97 Lion 

Stilwell & Wendell, merchants, 52 State 

Stilwell, Smith, auctioneer 

St. John, Solomon, mer., 76 Market 

Storey, Lawrence, laborer, 82 Fox 

Strange, James & Maxwell, mer., 22 Court 

Strange. James, mer., 53 Hudson" 

Stringer, Samuel, physician, 83 Market 

Strong, Joseph, innkeeper, 22 Dock 

STRONG, ROBERT, grocer, 48 Washington 

Sturdivant, Mrs., washerwoman, 96 Pearl 

Sturdivant, Zebina, grocer, 63 Lion 

Sturgess, Elnathan, grocer, 85 Maiden lane 

Sturgess, John, laborer, 35 Orange 

Sutherland, Jacob, counsellor, 63 State 

Sutherland, Jacob, counsellor, 13 Columbia 

Swan, John B., 17 Green 

Swan, tin plate worker, 63 Chapel 



90 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Swart, Cornelius, 21 Store lane 
Swift, Lemuel, carpenter, 100 Beaver 

T 

Talbot, Philip, painter, 16 Van Schaick,shop 64 Mark. 

Talman, Nathan E., blacksmith, 47 Maiden lane 

Tate, Joseph, tailor, 40 Union, shop 91 Court 

Tayler, John, 50 State 

Taylor, James, carpenter, 83 Beaver 

TAYLOR, John & SON, chandlers, 119 Court 

Taylor, William, mer.. 8 Liberty, store 9 State 

Teller, Isaac, cooper, 122 Lion 

Teller, Thomson, grocer, J 22 Lion 

Ten Broeck, Benjamin F., printer, 61 Pearl 

Ten Broeck, Richard, grocer, 126 State 

TEN EYCK, ABRAHAM R., bookseller, 117 Market 

Ten Eyck, Harmanus, 98 Market 

TEN EYCK, JACOB H., mer., 126 Market 

Ten Eyck, John D. P. mer. 80 State 

Ten Eyck, widow Mary, 82 State 

Ten Eyck, widow Sarah, 5 Fox 

Thayer, Amos, butcher, 221 Court 

Thayer, Amos, jun., 223 Court 

Thayer, Ezra, butcher, 4 Maiden lane 

Thayer, Levi, carpenter, 196 Court 

Thirkell, Joseph, coach maker, 133 -Court 

Thirkell, Thomas, blacksmith, 30 Quay 

THOMAS, JOH\, cooper, 8 Mark lane 

Thomas, Jeremiah, laborer, 92 Hudson 

Thomas, Richard, cooper, 3 Division 

Thompson, Andrew, coppersmith, 17 Lion 

Thompson, Catharine B., young ladies' school, 38 Col. 

Thompson, Smith, judge of supreme court, 174 Lion 

Thompson, Thomas, carpenter, 45 Van Schaick 

THOMPSON, THOMAS, shoemaker, 173 Washington 

Thome, James, jun., mer., 56 State 

Thornton & Fish, mer., 92 Lion 

Tierner, Lawrence, Ferry 

Tiffany, William, painter, 38 Sand 






Albany Directory, 1813. 91 

Tilley,William, carpenter, 30 Pearl 

Tillotson, Eleazer, blacksmith, 63 Chapel 

Tinker, Joshua, teacher, 16 Deer 

Todd, John, sexton to Episcopal church, Tyger 

Todd, widow Jane, 13 Capitol 

Tompkins, His Excellency Daniel D., 107 Lion 

Toole, Simon, grocer, 136 State 

Top, Lewis, ferryman. 20 Union 

Top, John, musician, Ferry 

Toppin, Sylvester, carpenter, Tyger 

Touce, Francis, 66 Washington 

TOWNSEND, ABSALOM, jun., counsellor, 84 State 

Townsend, Charles D., physician, 63 Market 

Townsend, I. & J., ironmongers, 62 State 

TOWNSEND, JOHN, mer., 78 Hudson 

Travis, John, boarding house, 52 Hudson 

Treat, Richard S., judge court com. pleas, 85 Market 

Treat, Thomas, grocer, 30 Quay 

Tripp, Calvin, grocer, 9 Maiden lane 

Tripp, Elisha, shoemaker, 117 Court 

Trotter & Douglass, mer., 64 Quay 

Trotter, Matthew, mer., 60 Court 

Trowbridge, Henry, proprietor of museum, 51 Hudson. 

Truax, Henry, mer., 67 Market 

Tryon Jeremiah, printer, 3 Washington. 

Tucker, Samuel, shoemaker, 43 Church 

Tucker, William, printer, 4 Lutheran 

Tuffs, I. & J., mer., 8 State 

Turner, Henry, gunsmith, 3 Beaver 

Turner, John, grocer, Union cor. Liberty 

Turner, Sally, 34 Pearl 

Tuttle, Mirat, butcher, 19 Water 

Tymesen, Sebastian, accountant, 9 Court 

U 
Upfold, George, teacher, 3 Van Tromp 

V 

Vail, Samuel, mer., 81 Court 
Van Antwerp, widow, grocer, 11 Pearl 



92 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Van Benthuysen, Benjamin, 31 Court 

Van Benthuysen, Henry, shoemaker, 49 Hudson 

Van Benthuysen, Hen. B.. hair dr., 45 Hud., sh. 91 Pearl 

Van Benthuysen, James, 27 Division 

Van Benthuysen, John P., shoemaker, 14 Plain 

Van Benthuysen, J. P. & B. shoe store, 31 Court 

Van Benthuysen, Obadiah, 25 Division 

Van Benthuysen, Obadiah R., bookbinder, 44 Court 

Van Benthuysen, Obadiah R., bookbinder, 20 Haml. 

Van Bergen, John, silversmith, 75 Pearl 

Van Buskirk, Isaac, laborer, 33 Quay 

Vance, George, shoemaker, 34 Pearl 

Vandenberg, Jack, 11 Van Tromp 

Vandenberg, John, grocer, 78 Quay 

Vandenberg, John, joiner, 7 Pearl 

Vandenberg, Richard, laborer, 23 Van Schaick. 

Vandenberg,? widow Ann, 50 Orange 

Vander Heyden, Derick L., counsellor, 90 State 

Vander Heyden, Jacob, 85 Pearl 

Vanderlip, Elias, mer., 101 Court 

Vanderpoole, Garret, weaver, 56 Van Schaick 

Van Der Zee, Margaret, 40 Fox 

Van Deusen, Elsie, 74 Hudson 

Van Deusen, Jacob, carpenter, 56 Liberty 

Van Deusen, Jacob L. physician, 74 Hudson 

Van Deusen, widow Lydia, 60 Fox 

Vanderwater, Jacob, harness maker, 55 Lion 

Van Emberg, John, mason, 28 Division 

Van Hoesen, Cornelius, mason, 12 Plain 

Van Hoesen, widow Mary, 61 Hudson 

Van Ingen, James, clerk in chancery, 14 Montgom. 

Van Kleeck, Lawrence L., 91 Lion 

Van Loon, Jacob, rear of 84 Lyon 

Van Loon, Jacob, do. 

Van Loon, Peter, mer., 46 State [died, 1852.] 

Van Loon, Sally, 3 Capitol 

Van Ness, Jacob, carpenter, 75 Orange 

Van Rensselaer & Oothout, counsellors, 116 State 

Van Rensselaer, Henry K., 76 Pearl, 



Albany Directory, 1813. 93 

Van Rensselaer, hon. Philip S., mayor, 87 State 
Van Rensselaer, Killian K., counsellor, 116 State 
Van Rensselaer, Philip P., mer., 216 Court 
Van Schaick, G. W., cashier bank of Albany, 23 State 
Van Schaick, John, mer. 141 Market 
Van Schaick, John G., 5 Pearl 
Van Schaick, John I. , 56 Washington 
VAN SCHAICK, TOBIAS, mer., 131 Market 
Van Schaick, widow Mary, 33 Market 
Van Schaick, widow Willimpy, 20 Steuben 
Van Schelluyne, Dirck, 64 Pearl 
Van Slyck, Joiachim, laborer, rear of 20 Pine 
Van Tassel, Peter, 92 Hudson 
Van Valkenburgh, C. & J., mer., 31 Lion 
Van Valkenburgh, Jehoiachim, 81 Orange 
Van Vechten, Abraham, attorney general, 2 Market 
Van Vechten, John, mer. 20 Maiden 1. st. 84 Market 
Van Vechten, Philip, counsellor, 2 Market 
Van Vechten, T. & S., counsellors, 18 Maiden-lane 
VAN VECHTEN, TEUNIS, counsellor, 24 Montgomery 
Van Vechten, Teunis T., 107 Market 
Van Veghten, Cornelius, 4 Market 
VAN VEGHTEN, WALTER, mer. , 1 5 Market, st. 1 1 Hudson 
Van Volkenburgh, Lambert, grocer, Pearl, cor. Fox 
Van Vranken, Maus R., 168 Lion 
Van Wie, Gerrit W. innkeeper, 60 Hudson 
Van Wie, Henry, blacksmith, 99 State . 
Van Wie, Isaac, mason, 16 Plain 
Van Wie, William, carpenter, 80 Hudson 
Van Woert, widow Ann, 60 Pearl 
Van Woert, Henry, 54 Hudson 
Van Woert, widow Catharine, 64 Hudson 
Van Yorx, widow Rebecca, boarding-h. 63 Chapel 
Van Zandt, Garret R., carpenter, 41 Union 
Van Zandt, James, cooper, 58 Washington 
VAN ZANDT, JOHN, public notary, 47 Hudson 
Van Zandt, John, 12 Washington 
Van Zandt, Joseph R., mer., 17 State 
Van Zandt, Rycart, 19 Green 
8 



94 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Van Zandt, Thomas, mason, 43 Washington 

Van Zandt, widow Mary, 10 Union 

Van Zandt, William, grocer, 44 and 37 Beaver 

Van Zandt, William, 38 Hudson 

Vaughn, Ebenezer, laborer, 119 Court 

Veazie, Henry, grocer, 287 Lion 

Vedder, John, cooper, 10 Pearl 

Vedder, Alexander, merchant, 53 Lyon 

Vedder & Sever, mer., 53 Lion 

Veeder, Volkert, 61 Lion 

Vent, James, grocer, 49 Chapel 

Vernor, John, south end of Court 

Vernor, John, jun., 74 Lion 

Visscher, James, grocer, 1 1 Quay 

Visscher, John, 41 Columbia 

Visscher, Sebastian, clerk of the Senate, 96 State 

Visscher, widow Lydia, 100 Pearl 

Vrooman, Henry A., innkeeper, 23 Pine 

Vosburgh, James, cartman, 52 Van Schaick 

W 

Walker, Abraham & Co., saddlers, 2 Church 

Walker, Calvin, mer., 5 Union, store 43 Court 

Walker, James, laborer, 32 Pearl 

Walker, Silas, 54 Deer 

Walker, Willard, mer., 9 Union, store 43 Court 

Walker, William, gardner, 130 Washington 

Wallace, Benjamin, 210 Court 

Wallace, Mary, milliner, 75 Market 

Wallace, William, 40 Market 

Walley, Francis, grocer, 49 Beaver 

Walsh, Dudley & Co., mer., 77 Market 

Walsh, Dudley, mer., 78 Market 

Walton, Henry, counsellor, 53 Market 

Ward, Daniel, shoemaker, opposite Fly Market 

Ward, David, 247 Lion 

Ward, Jacob, 98 Beaver 

Ward, Jesse, cartman, 25 Union 



Albany Directory, 1813. 95 

Ward, Norman, grocer, 59 Washington 

Ward, William, morocco dresser, 52 Van Schaick 

Warner, widow Alida, 76 Pearl 

Warner, widow Mary, 20 Hamilton 

Waring, Linas, innkeeper, 25 Washington 

WARING, RICHARD, counsellor, 36 Hudson 

Warren, James, mer., 39 Hamilton, store 62 Quay 

Warren, John M., 108 Court 

Washburn & Knower, mer., 40 Court 

Washburn, John B., mer., 21 Division 

Wass, John, 59 Van Schaick 

Watkins, Amos W., printer, 17 Washington 

Watkins, James, 33 Hudson 

Watley, John, barber, 9 Green 

Watters, Thomas, tailor, 20 Hudson 

Waiters, widow Elizabeth, 65 Market 

Weaver, Henry, barber, 73 Lion 

Weaver, William, tailor, 51 Union 

Webb& Dummer, earthen ware house, 49 Stato 

Webb, Curtis, cooper, 1 Division 

Webb, Edward, tailor, 101 Lion 

Webster, Charles R., 83 State 

Webster, George, 81 State 

Websters & Skinners, printers & bookseller j, 79 Stato 

Weed, Joseph, nailer, 132 State 

Weed, Walter & George, mer., 72 Lion 

Weed, Walter & George, mer., 57 Court 

Weed, Walter, mer., 153 Court 

Wells, Lucius, chairmaker, 67 Eagle 

Wells, S: & L., chairmakers, 128 State 

Wells, William S., grocer, 165 Court 

Wellwood, James, grocer, 29 Hudson 

Wendell, Harmanus A., sup. of market, 77 Hudson 

Wendell, Harmanus H., 28 State 

Wendell, Harmanus, jun., attorney, 110 State 

Wendell, Jacob, cartman, 134 Washington 

Wendell, Jacob H., 27 Columbia 

Wendell, John H., surrogate, 91 Market 

WENDELL, JOHN I., mer., 52 State 



96 Albany Directory, 1813. 

Wendell, Peter, physician, 19 Division 

Wendell, widow, boarding house, 22 Maiden lane 

Wendell, widow of John, 3 Union 

Wendow widow, rear of 112 State 

West, Charles, coppersmith, 16 Store lane 

Westerlo, Rensselaer, counsellor, 72 Pearl 

Westmore, Izrahiah, innkeeper, 7 Green 

Whilley, Thomas, grocer, 47 Chapel 

WHIPPLE, BARNUM, skipper, 41 Hamilton 

W hippie, Benjamin, 61 Maiden lane 

White, Gilbert, grocer, 39 Division 

White, Jacob, leather dresser, Ferry 

White, James, laborer, 19 Fox 

White, John, 122 Fox 

Whitmore& Burnham, mer., 38 Lion 

Whitney,. John, shoemaker, 12 Van Tromp 

Whitney, Selleck, skipper, 46 Division 

Wigton, Samuel, 72 Lion 

Wigton, Samuel & Son, mer., 93 Lion 

Wilcox, Horace, mer., 50 Division, store 71 Quay 

Wilcox, William, tin plate worker, 31 Union 

Wilder & Hastings, mer., 27 Court 

Wilkie, Samuel, mer., 126 Court 

Wilkinson, Jacob, grocer, 203 Washington 

Wilkinson, Thomas, grocer, 1 Maiden lane 

Wilks, John, gunsmith, 16 Lion 

Willard, Elias & Co., hatters, 79 Court 

Willard, John, mer., 51 Hamilton, store 116 Market 

Willard, Moses, physician, 1 Union 

Willett, Edward, counsellor, 18 Washington 

Willett, Elbert, 131 Market 

Willett, widow of Edward, 18 Washington 

Williams, David, shoemaker, 51 Eagle 

Williams, George B., grocer, 84 Quay 

Williams, John R., mer., 21 Steuben, store 43 State 

Williams, Michael, grocer, 51 Quay 

Williams, Thomas, 104 Market 

Williams, Thomas, shoemaker, 34 Montgomery 

Williams, William W., carpenter, 83 Beaver 



Albany Directory, 1813. 97 

Williamson, John, butcher, 33 Maiden lane 

Willis, Philip, blacksmith, 100 Fox 

Wilson, Ishmael, laborer, 44 Van Schaick 

Wilson, Newman, teamster, Schuyler 

Wilson, Samuel, potter, 34 Eagle 

Wilson, widow Martha, teacher, 39 Steuben 

Winne & Fondey, earthen warehouse, 4 Court 

Winne, Daniel, chairmaker, 78 Fox 

Winne, Daniel L, marshal & d. ex. officer, in the Capitol 

Winne, David P., mer., 74 Court 

Winne, Jellis, mer., 10 Columbia, store 4 Court 

Winne, Martin, laborer, 53*Liberty 

Winne, William B., penny post, 57 Orange 

Winten, widow Janet, grocer, 23 Market 

Wiswall, Samuel, captain of steamboat, 131 Court 

Wood, ^Anna, grocer, 70 Quay 

Wood, James, 37 Columbia 

Wood, William, cartman, 65 Maiden lane 

Wood, William, printer, 108 Beaver 

WOODWORTH, JOHN, counsellor, 90 Pearl 

Wormer, Isaac, innkeeper, 19 Pearl 

Worth, Gorham A., cashier of F. & M. Bank, 151 Court 

Worthington, Daniel, constable, 184 Washington 

WYNKOOP, HARMAN G., druggist, 124 Market 

Wynkoop, James, mer., 214 Court 



Yale, Thomas, 4 Dock 

Yates, Christopher C., physician, 71 Pearl 

Yates, John V. N., recorder, 110 State 

Yates, John W., cashier N. Y. State Bank, 69 State 

Yates, widow Rachel, 22 Green 

Young, Francis, laborer, 34 Montgomery 

Young, James, cooper, shop 20 Dock 

Young, Peter, pewterer, 36 Columbia 

Young, Thomas, comedian, 66 Lydius 

Young, William, gilder, 34 Pearl 

Z 

Zeeman, Dirk, 37 Chapel 



( 98 ) 

BRIEF HISTORY 

OP 

THE CITY OF ALBANY. 

From Child & Staffer's Directory, 1831. 



The city of ALBANY is the oldest settlement but one in 
the United States. Jamestown, in Virginia, has prece- 
dence, having been settled in 1607, while our own town 
dates its origin in 1610. Hudson sailed up the North 
river in 1609, and is supposed to have gone up nearly as 
high as the sprouts of the Mohawk. This is yet, how- 
ever, a moot point. At that time the Mohegans had their 
residence at the very place where the city now stands. 

The first fort was built on an island below, but was 
abandoned in consequence of the frequency and height of 
the river floods. Fort Orange was erected in 1617, and 
a person by the name of Sebastian Croll was the first 
commissary at the fort. 

In 1629, a charter of liberties and exemptions for pa- 
troons, masters, and private individuals, who should plant 
colonies in New Netherlands, was granted by the States 
General of Holland. Under this charter a purchase of 
lands was made in August, of the same year, for Kilian 
Rensselaer, a merchant of Amsterdam, the ancestor of 
the present patroon's family. 

The consequence and power of this individual, as a pa- 
tentee, may be gleaned from the Dutch records in the 
secretary's office. He had a small fort of his own, and 
on one occasion lent some cannon to the military com- 
manders of Fort Orange. He had his sheriff, a fort at 
Bear island, and his commandant there was known to have 
fired at the sloops which passed without saluting the fort. 



History of Albany. 99 

His residence, called the Rensselaerburg, was first at the 
island below the city. The commerce of Albany, was 
principally with the savages, for beavers, in exchange for 
strouds, leggings, and rum. Brokers were employed by 
the inhabitants to purchase the skins ; and they were na- 
tives or savages, as the demand or the competition made 
it necessary to obtain their aid. A court was held in the 
fort, consisting of the commissary and associates, duly 
appointed in Holland ; and these had the exclusive juris- 
diction in matters civil and criminal. 

In 1664 it was captured from the Dutch by a force un- 
der Major Cartwright. Ka'Im, who visited the city after 
the charter had been granted by the English governor, 
Dongan, describes its appearance as being that of a small 
town, with two principal streets crossing each other, in 
one of which was placed all the public buildings. This 
will account for the great width of State street. It then 
contained the fort, a regular though slight stockade; the 
English church, the guard house, the town house, the 
Dutch church, and the market. It had a very rural ap- 
pearance; each house having its garden and shade trees. 
The situations on the water side were beautiful. There 
were three docks; the lower, middle, and upper. The 
lower was called the king's dock. The vessels were un- 
loaded by the aid of canoes lashed together, and having 
a platform built upon them, where the goods were placed. 

The alterations in the city have been astonishing ; where 
Fox street now crosses Pearl street, was a deep ravine, 
crossed by a bridge, and the descent to it was quite sud- 
den. Other ravines crossed the streets running parallel 
to the river; these are now no longer visible. State 
street was much steeper. The road to Schenectady ran 
round the fort to the south and west, where the state offi- 
ces now stand; and where the elegant mansions of the 
present and the late mayor are now situated, were banks 
of earth reaching up as far as the third story. Chapel 
street was full of stores and ware houses, and there the 
principal business was done ; then it was Barrack street. 
The Pasture was literally such ; and now, where Lydius 
street is laid out, was the regular encamping ground of tbe 



100 History of Albany. 

British armies, commanded by Amherst and Abercrombie. 
Even during the revolutionary era, our city presented 
a singular appearance. It was stockaded; had its north 
and south gates ; was a military post ; was commanded 
by the gallant Lafayette, and Col. Van Schaick, a dis- 
tinguished officer and native of Albany; and was con- 
sidered one of the most important stations in the United 
States. It was the key to the north and west, the point 
from which our armies threatened Montreal and Quebec, 
or the British posts on the lakes. Among the old build- 
ings still remaining, is that at the corner of State and 
North Pearl streeets, known as the Lydius houses The 
bricks were brought from Holland, and its chronicles are 
very interesting. The house, corner of North Pearl and 
Steuben streets, has still part of its date in the brick 
work of its front, 1725; and we believe there are others 
still older which could be pointed out. General Schuyler's, 
General Ten Broek's, and the Patroon's mansions con- 
vey to us a good idea of the taste of the builders, and the 
elegance of the modes of living among the wealthy and 
distinguished families of the olden time. A house in 
North Pearl street, near General Westerlo's residence, is 
distinguished as having been the head quarters of Lafay- 
ette, which, on his recent visit to the United States, he 
recognized as he passed rapidly through the town, from 
the circumstance of its having a curious brass knocker, 
an animal hanging down by its hind legs. The popula- 
tion of Albany has been latterly rapidly progressive. 
The following table is nearly correct : 

Years. No. of Inhabitants. 

1790 3,506 

1800 5,349 

1810 10,762 

1820 12,541 

1825 15,974 

1830 24,216 

The increase in the number of inhabitants of this city, 
during the last live years, has been more than one half of 
its whole population in 1825 to wit, eight thousand two 
and forty-two an increase which we think has 



History of Albany. 101 

scarcely a parallel in the United States in so short a period. 
In 1790, the white population of the city was less than 
3000. In 1790 and 1800, the Colonie, or what is now 
called the fifth ward, was not attached to the city of Al- 
bany, and its inhabitants were not included in the enume- 
ration of either of those years. In 1810, the population 
of the Colonie was 1,406, and is included in the census of 
the city for that year. 

In Kalm's time there were 40 sloops trading to Albany. 
In 1828, there were 550 vessels, exclusive of 66 oyster and 
fruit boats, paying wharfage (viz: 155 by the season, and 
395 by the day), including 16 steamboats that belonged 
to this city and the city of New York. The whole amount 
rated as . going from and returning to the city in these 
vessels in 1828, was 377,914 tons. 

There are also now several thousand canal boats, each 
carrying greater loads than the largest sloops in Kalm's 
time. 

The city is the seventh in size in the United States, and 
covers an area of 8,000 acres. State street is 1,900 feet 
long, and ascends 130 feet from the river to the Capitol. 

The Capitol cost, $120,000 

Academy, 92,000 

Jail, 40,500 

Lancaster School, 24,000 

New City Hall, about 80,000 

The following is a correct list of the several mayors 
and recorders since the chartering of the city. 

Years. Mayors. Recorders. 

1686, Peter Schuyler, Isaac Swinton. 

1687, ibid, ' Derrick Wessels, 

1694, Johannis Abeel, ibid. 

1695, Evert Banker, ibid. 

1696, Derik Wessels, Jaji Jans Bleeker. 

1698, Hendrik Hansen, ibid, 

1699, Peter Van Brugh, ibid. 

1700, Jan Jans Bleeker, Johannis Bleeker. 

1701, Johannis Bleeker, Johannis Abeel. 

1702, Albert Rykraan, ibid. 



102 History of Albany. 

Years. Mayors. Recorders. 

1703, Johannis Schuyler, Johannis Abeel. 

1706, David Schuyler, ibid. 

1707, Evert Banker, ibid. 

1709, Johannis Abeel, Robert Livingston, jim. 

1710, Robert Livingston, jun., Johannis Cuyler. 
1719, Myndert Schuyler, ibid. 
1721, Peter Van Brugh, ibid. 
1723, Myndert Schuyler, ibid. 

1725, Johannis Cuyler, Rutger Bleeker. 

1726, Rutger Bleeker, John De Peyster. 

1728, ibid, Dirk Ten Broek. 

1729, John De Peyster, ibid. 

1731, Hans Hansen, ibid. 

1732, John De Peyster, ibid. 

1733, Edward Holland, ibid. 

1741, John Schuyler, ibid. 

1742, Cornelius Cuyler, ibid. 
1746, Dirk Ten Broek, Edward Collins. 
1748, Jacob C. Ten Eyck, Robert Sanders. 

1750, Robert Sanders, Sybrant G. VanSchaick. 
1754, Hans Hansen, ibid, 

1756, Sybrant G. Van Schaick, John G. Roseboom. 

1759, ibid, Volkert P. Douw. 

1761, Volkert P. Douw, John Ten Eyck. 
1770, Abraham C. Cuyler, ibid. 

1778, John Barclay, Abraham Yates' jun. 

1779, Abraham Ten Broek, ibid. 

1780, ibid, Leonard Gansevoort. 
1783, John Ja. Beekman, ibid. 

1786, John Lansing, jun., ibid. 

1789, ibid, Peter W. Yates. 

1790, Abraham Yates, jun., ibid. 
1793, ibid, John Tayler. 

1796, Abraham Ten Broek, ibid, 

1797, ibid, Abraham Van Vechten. 
1799, Philip S. Van Rensselaer, ibid. 

1808, ibid, John V. N. Yates. 

1810, ibid, Theodorus V.W. Graham 

1811, ibid, John V. N. Yates. 



History of Albany. 103 

Year?. Mayors. Recorders. 

1816, Elisha Jenkins, Philip S. Parker. 
1819, PhilipS. Van Rensselaer, ibid. 

1821, Charles E. Dudley, Estes Howe. 

1824, Ambrose Spencer, ibid. 

1825, ibid, Ebenezer Baldwin. 

1826, James Stevenson, James M'Kown, 

1827, ibid, ibid, 

1828, Charles E. Dudley, ibid. 

1829, John Townsend, ibid. 
1831, Francis Bloodgood, ibid. 

In so brief and ordinary a work as a Directory, it can 
not be expected that we should embrace all the topics 
suggested by our subject. We are happy to inform our 
readers that a history of Albany is being prepared, under 
the direction of the Albany Institute, by a committee of 
three gentlemen, who are busily engaged in collecting 
materials. The works at present giving the most de- 
tailed account of the city, are Kalm's Travels, Mrs. 
Grant's Memoirs of an American Lady, and a recent work 
called the Englishman's Sketch Book. 



( 104 ) 

SOLOMON SOTJTHWICK. 

BY SAMUEL S. RANDALL. 

The -citizens of Albany are here presented with the 
speaking lineaments of a countenance long familiar to 
many of them; of a man whose pride and boast it was to 
number himself among them ; who for a long series of years- 
occupied a commanding position in the political councils of 
the state, and whose career affords a signal practical illus- 
tration of what may be accomplished, even under the 
pressure of the most discouraging obstacles, by active per- 
severance, untiring labor and sound and fixed moral prin- 
ciples. Left at the age of twelve years a destitute orphan, 
without friends without resources of any kind, other than 
such as nature had bestowed upon him in the inappreciable 
blessings of a sound and vigorous constitution he com- 
menced the work of self-education in the stern school of 
adversity, and progressed step by step with an unfaltering 
determination and an unyielding energy, until he found 
himself in the highest walks of honorable usefulness 
guiding the destinies of the state wielding the truncheon 
of power, influence and wealth dispensing patronage and 
diffusing knowledge. The history of such a man is worthy 
of the most careful study, developing as it does the ele- 
ments of self-culture, and affording that encouragement to 
the indigent and friendless which may enable them to 
breast the storms of life, and work out its manifold pro- 
blems with honor and success. 

SOLOMON SOUTHWICK was born at Newport, R. I., on 
the 25th of December, 1773. His father was one of the 
earliest and most efficient champions in that gallant strug- 
gle for the rights of 'the colonists which eventuated in the 
war of the revolution. As the editor of the Newport Mer- 
cury , he fearlessly and powerfully asserted and maintained 
those republican doctrines which pervaded the hearts of 




SOLOMON SOUTRWICK. 

NAT. 1773: OBIT. J 839. 



Solomon Southwick. 105 

the patriots of that day, and materially aided in hastening 
the eventful crisis which was destined to give birth to a 
free and independent nation. His well known sentiments 
and effective exertions in the cause of liberty, rendered 
him peculiarly obnoxious to the emissaries of the British 
government ; and placed under the vindictive ban of an 
unscrupulous and irritated tyranny, he became one of the 
earliest victims of oppression and power. From a condi- 
tion of competency, and even affluence, arising from his 
connection with some of the best and wealthiest families of 
the province, and by his own industry and talents, he was 
speed ; ly reduced to utter destitution and penury. Hunted 
down by the myrmidons of despotism, he was driven from 
his home and compelled to seek elsewhere a precarious 
shelter from the vengeance of an exasperated foe. His 
wife soon fell a victim lo anxiety, care and physical and 
mental sufferings, and he survived her loss but a short 
period, leaving five children dependent upon the world's 
cold charity for the means of subsistence. 

.The subject of this sketch commenced his career, while 
yet a mere boy, as cook to a fishing company bound for 
Cape Cod ; and after enduring for several months the in- 
numerable hardships and privations incident to such a sta- 
tion, he returned to Newport and apprenticed himself to a 
baker in his native town. Not long afterwards, abandon- 
ing this employment, he went on board a coasting vessel 
in the capacity of a common sailor, where he remained 
until he attained his eighteenth year, when he obtained a 
situation as apprentice in a printing establishment in the 
city of New York. From thence he was transferred as a 
journeyman to the office of the Albany Register, in this 
city, then conducted by his brother-in-law, John Barber, 
printer to the state ; and soon after became a partner in 
that establishment. On the death of Mr. Barber in 1808, 
he succeeded to his interest in the paper; and in this ca- 
pacity, his talents, intrepidity and energy, soon placed him 
at the head of the democratic party, of which the Register 
was the organ and champion, and enabled him for a long 
time to exercise an almost unlimited influence upon the 
political destinies of the state. He continued in charge of 
9 



106 Solomon Southwick. 

the Register for a period of nearly thirty years, during 
which time he successively held the stations of clerk of the 
house of assembly, clerk of the senate, sheriff of the county 
of Albany, manager of the state literature lottery, state 
printer, regent of the university, and post master of the 
city of Albany. After the discontinuance of the Register, 
he established and conducted for several years an agricul- 
tural paper, under the title of the Plough Boy first under 
the anonymous designation of Henry Homespun, jr., and 
subsequently in his own name. At about the same period, 
he also became the editor of the Christian Visitant, a 
periodical devoted to the interests of religion and morality, 
and to the refutation of infidel principles. Subsequently, 
he assumed the editorial charge of the National Democrat, 
during which period he presented himself to the electors 
of the state as a candidate for governor, in opposition to 
the regularly nominated candidate of the democratic'party, 
the Hon. Joseph C. Yates. During the prevalence of the 
anti-masonic excitement, he established and for several 
years conducted the National Observer, the prominent or- 
gan of anti-masonry; and was soon after nominated as the 
candidate of that party for the chief magistracy, in oppo- 
sition to Mr. Van Buren and the Hon. Smith Thompson, 
the candidates respectively of the friends of Gen. Jackson 
and Mr. Adams. Failing of success, however, and dis- 
gusted with the manifold vexations of political strife, he 
withdrew from the turbulent arena of public life, and sought 
in the congenial atmosphere of the domestic and social cir- 
cle that happiness and peace of mind which he had failed 
to experience in the restless career of personal and politi- 
cal ambition. 

His long connection with the party interests of the day 
having terminated, the remainder of his life was devoted 
to study and contemplation, to the welcome enjoyments 
of the family fireside, and to the dissemination of religious, 
moral and intellectual truth. The morning of his life was 
overshadowed with heavy and threatening clouds ; his noon- 
day sun shone with a brilliant perhaps a too brilliant 
and hurtful splendor ; but its evening declination was the 
steady, tempered and grateful reflection of a mellowed and 



Solomon Southwick. 107 

softened light. It is to this period that we must chiefly 
refer those great exertions in the great field of moral and 
intellectual education to which we are indebted for the 
most conclusive proofs of the vigor, depth, compass and 
soundness of his mind, as well as the comprehensive be- 
nevolence and general philanthropy for which he was so 
eminently distinguished. From the years 1831 to 1837, 
he delivered, in most of the principal towns and cities of 
the state, a course of lectures on the Bible, on temperance, 
and on self-education, which were universally admired 
and highly appreciated. He also published during this 
period, the Letters of a Layman, under the signature of 
Sherlock, addressed to Thomas Hertell, Esq., of New 
York, chiefly on the subject of that philosophical infidelity 
originating with the French revolution, and which had 
taken deep root, particularly in the large cities and more 
populous places of our own country. This publication was 
followed by Five Letters to Young Men, by an Old Man of 
Sixty, designed to warn the rising generation against the 
many seductive allurements and criminalities which infest 
our cities and larger towns. For the last two years of 
his life he conducted the editorial department of the Fami- 
ly Newspaper, published by his son Alfred Southwick, in 
this city a weekly journal devoted to literary and miscel- 
laneous topics and devoted his leisure hours to a variety 
of literary efforts upon topics of general and local interest, 
theological, political, moral, and miscellaneous, which 
it was his intention at a future period to revise and 
prepare for the press. But it was otherwise decreed by the 
all- wise dispenser of human events. Suddenly, and with- 
out any previous warning, he was arrested by the hand of 
death, in the midst of his usefulness and in the full matu- 
rity of his intellectual powers. On the 18th day of No- 
vember, 1839, while returning in company with Mrs. 
Southwick from a social visit at the house of a valued 
friend, he was attacked by an affection of the heart, which, 
in about fifteen minutes, terminated fatally. His age was 
sixty-six. 

The chief elements which entered into the composition 
of Mr. Southwick's character were noble and intrinsical- 



108 Solomon Southwick. 

ly great. Reared in the school of adversity struggling 
with and heroically surmounting the most formidable ob- 
stacles to advancement and success working out the ma- 
terials for usefulness, honor and fame, by his own unaided 
exertions and finally triumphing, through the force and 
energy of his character, over all the impediments to his 
progress obtaining, too, that most difficult of all victories, 
the final and complete subjugation of the selfish propen- 
sities to the higher and nobler intellectual and moral na- 
ture his example can not fail to prove eminently benefi- 
cial to the youth of our land. Few men have occupied a 
larger space in the political history of our state; few have 
participated more extensively, or for a longer period of 
time, in the public confidence and regard ; and few have 
experienced more striking vicissitudes of fortune in the 
busy arena of partisan warfare. The limits to which we 
are restricted on the present occasion, necessarily compel 
us to pass over this portion of his public career, and to 
contemplate him only in that aspect more particularly inte- 
resting to the numerous and honorable class of which he 
was a distinguished member, and for whose benefit his lit- 
erary labors were especially designed. Himself, emphati- 
cally, a self-made man one of nature's noblemen 
owing all of knowledge, of mental and moral culture, of 
success in life, of honor, fame, distinction and usefulness, 
to his own exertions and perseverance, it was the pre- 
dominant desire the master passion, so to speak, of his 
mind to communicate to others, and especially to the la- 
boring classes to the indigent, the obscure and friend- 
less and generally to the YOUNG in every condition of 
life that knowledge of their powers and faculties which 
should render them independent of extraneous circumstan- 
ces and adventitious aid, in the development of their 
minds, and the advancement of their personal and pecu- 
niary interests. His celebrated address at the opening of 
the Apprentices Library, in this city an institution to 
the establishment of which his exertions materialy contri- 
buted, and which long remained a proud and invaluable 
monument of public enterprise and private liberality is an 
earnest, impassioned and eloquent appeal in behalf of tha 



Solomon Southwick. 109 

YOUNG MECHANIC, and secured for its author the most 
gratifying tributes of applause and admiration from the 
ablest statesmen and most distinguished philanthropists 
at home and abroad. Wilberforce commended it as one 
of the noblest efforts of comprehensive benevolence. Jef- 
ferson, Monroe and the younger Adams addressed to him 
and others, letters expressive of their exalted admiration 
of bis character and efforts in the cause of humanity and 
education. This address was indeed a masterly produc- 
tion overflowing with an energy, a pathos and an elo- 
quence which only such a subject, in the hands of such a 
man, could elicit. 

His exertions in aid of indigent and deserving young 
men, and particularly of mechanics, struggling under the 
pressure of poverty and embarrassments, were unremitted 
and most effective. While his ample fortune afforded the 
means, he assiduously sought out those to whom he might 
beneficially and advantageously extend the hand of assist- 
ance,, and neglected no opportunity of advancing and en- 
couraging the industrious and deserving by substantial tes- 
timonials of the interest which he felt in their welfare. 
Many instances of his timely and efficient, but delicate and 
unobtrusive interference, at critical moments in the career 
of the struggling sons of labor, are still gratefully trea- 
sured up in honest hearts, and will be long remembered. 
In all his various lectures, addresses and orations before 
literary and other societies, at public meetings, and on 
anniversary occasions, the welfare and prosperity of the 
laboring classes seem constantly and steadily to have been 
kept in view ; and he availed himself of every opportunity 
which was presented to communicate the rich results of 
his own experience, of his varied and extensive reading 
and comprehensive and judicious observations, with refe- 
rence to the cultivation and development of the mind. 
A few months previous to his death, he had projected the 
establishment of a literary and scientific institute in this 
city, to be placed under his personal control and super- 
vision, for the purpose of affording the requisite facilities 
to young men desirous of pursuing the course of self-edu- 
cation which he had himself marked out and followed, 



110 Solomon Southwick. 

In person, Mr. Southwick was somewhat under the 
middle size with a countenance beaming with benignity, 
and expressive of an enthusiastic, ardent and sanguine 
temperament a countenance, indeed, indicative of the 
many and active virtues of his heart. When the writer 
of this brief and most imperfect sketch enjoyed the plea- 
sure of his acquaintance and intimacy, age " had silvered 
over his locks," without in any degree fastening its -im- 
press upon the clear contour of his noble brow, or bending 
his manly form. An insidious disease the result of 
sedentary and studious habits had undermined the cita- 
del of health, and deprived the evening of his days of that 
uninterrupted and placid enjoyment to which he might 
otherwise have looked. But his cheerfulness and philo- 
sophic amenity never for a moment deserted him; and 
his domestic altar kindled to the last with the bright 
glow of diffusive charity and comprehensive benevolence. 
Peace to his ashes ! So long as the kindly virtues of the 
heart are revered and hallowed, so long will the name of 
SOLOMON SOUTHWICK be held in remembrance by all who 
knew his sterling worth by all who have participated in 
the blessings which he aided in securing to the young 
by all who shall hereafter avail themselves of those signal 
advantages in the intellectual and moral culture of their 
minds, which it was the highest ambition of his life to 
promote. 



( 111 ) 

EARLY SETTLERS OF THE HUDSON. 



[The following reminiscence appeared originally in The 
Opal, a monthly journal edited by the patients of the State 
Lunatic Asylum at Utica. It is supposed to have been 
written by one of the inmates. It portrays some of the 
manners and customs of th olden tinre.] 

Two hundred years ago there was a band of Hollanders 
emigrated to the banks of the Hudson, opposite Albany. 
One Mr. Volkert, who was noted for his piety and good 
sense, located himself on a point of land overlooking the 
river, erected a fire brick house in the Dutch style; the 
doors, divided in the middle, were painted a dark red, 
which contrasted with the white paint of the house. Mr. 
Volkert and his wife Katrina, took a deal of comfort on 
the front porch ; Mr. Volkert smoking his long Holland 
pipe, and wife welcoming their neighbors with true Dutch 
hospitality; entertaining them with the last adventures 
of their honest Mike, up and down the Hudson, with the 
Captain his success in hoisting the sails of the sloop, and 
catching fish in the small boats. Then, the passing of a 
sloop, for they had no steam in those days, was hailed as 
a great event. Two stately elms were planted by Mr. 
Volkert in front of his house, besides sycamores and pop- 
lars were planted on the bank in front of the yard, and 

his friends, the Van H , Y and K , lined the 

bank with a variety of trees, of which some few are to be 
seen at the present day. What comfort these emigrants 
must have taken in watching their growth. Their happy 
greetings with their pipes in their mouths, as it was the 
custom of their country to make free use of tobacco, and 
their good spiced wine, cider, and hot slippers, considered 
by them beneficial, with good cheer to keep up their sys- 
tems, were not to be sneered at in their estimation. They 
took the spirit of their country, and became slaveholders^ 



112 Early Settlers of the Hudson. 

and had their kitchens well filled with the colored popu- 
lation; and their pewter platters, and tin pans and floors 
shone with the labor of their slaves. The writer of this 
sketch is a descendant, on the maternal side, from one 

Capt. H , who fought in the seven years' war, for our 

liberties, and whose aunt is now, and has been for many 

years, mingled with the T and Van R , in the 

Van R Burial- Ground, and not a tomb-stone to de- 
signate her grave. How often has her grand-child heard 
grandmama relate to it in early childhood, her happy 
days, past in old times with her eight offspring, and her 
mother-in-law, who was a notable housekeeper, of the 
Ten Broek lineage, was not to be surpassed in her order 
and decorum ,and the discipline of her slaves; not a week 
passed, unless in sickness, but that the store-room, and 
the floor and windows, had to undergo a thorough purifica- 
toin with the aid of soap and sand, and water; blacks were 
always at hand. My grandmama loved to entertain com- 
pany ; and many a pleasant cup of tea was taken around 
the old fashioned stand, from the China cups of tiny di- 
mensions, brought from Holland, and which my grand- 
mama never displayed except on social occasions. The 
sugar-loaf was not suspended in Washington Irving's 
style exactly from the wall; the beautiful cracked loaf 
was handed to each guest in a rich napkin sugar bowl. 
The thin-sliced bread, and butter, and beef, and waffled 
cakes baked in the old waffel irons brought from Holland, 
were digested by the strong tea. The many drives across 
the ice, and the adherence to keeping early hours pro- 
longed the lives of my ancestors. Time makes havoc 
in the race of man. Few of the descendants of Green- 
bush hills are now living. The place that was once my 
grandsires, has passed into other hands, who take but 
little interest in preserving its appearance. My mother's 
home, the snug, Dutch brick house, with a sloping roof, 

was pulled down, to give a better view to one V 's 

modern residence, up the river; and all that remains to 
designate the spot, is one or two lone apple trees, where 

my mother so often played with her friend Alida V , 

and her younger sisters and brothers ; and my Aunt D - 



Early Settlers of the Hudson. 113 

has often said, " what happy hours they had in going to 
the river-side with their slaves, and seeing them rinse 
clothes;" and with fear would enter the kitchen; for the 
blacks would scold, if they soiled their well scoured floor; 
and their good, faithful Betty, who took so much pains to 
curl my Aunt's hair, and dress her clean, and take her to 
town to visit her Dutch relatives, passed into other hands 

by the second marriage of my grandmama, and the H 's 

are scattered to the four winds. My mother, and aunt's 
dust, is now mingled in the once " far west;" only one of 
their descendants is to be found on the bank, affianced to 
Mr. Volkert's descendant. The old two hundred year 
house, has been demolished, and a snug, modern cottage, 
substituted in its place, and the out grounds remodelized, 
and the owner enjoys the inheritance of his forefathers 
with a true patriotic spirit, and his descendants will re- 
modelize his works. 



THE CITY RECORDS. 

1705 TO 1710.* 



Alt a Mayors Court, held in y e Citty hall of albany the 
27 of march, 1705, Present, Johannis Schuyler, 
Esq r Mayor; Evert Banker, David Schuyler, Johan* 
Roseboom, Joh 8 Mingael, Hend k Hansen, Esq r aid: 

Melgert van deuse, Plentive. 

Cornelis Van Vechten, Defend 1 

The Plentives Declaration Read & is as followeth viz 1 : 
Mayors Cour 1 4 th year of her maj es Reign. 

Melg 1 abrahamse, of y e Colony of Renselaerswyck in y e 
County afores d , yeoman Complains ag st Cornelis Teunise 
van Vechten of Bethlehem of y e Colony afores d in y 6 
County afores ' yeoman of a plea upon y e Case & c where- 
upon y e said Melg 1 by John Collins his atturney saith that 
whereas y 6 s d Cornelis anno domini 1680 at y e Dwelling 
house of y e said Melg 1 in y e County aforesaid was indebted 
unto y 6 said Melkert one hundred and Eighty skippel of 
good merchandable wheat at six skippel for a Beaver 
(otherwise cald Twelve shillings) by y e said Melkert to y e 
said Cornelis at y e Especial Instance and Request of him 
y e said Cornelis their and at that time soald and Deliverd 
and the said Cornelis being so indebted in Consideration 
thereof did assume upon himselfe and to y e said Melgert 
did faithfully promise that he the said Cornelis in Consi- 
deration thereof would well and truely pay to Dirk Teu- 
nise van Vechten of y e said County now dec d , thirty 
Beavers (otherwise caled Eighteen pounds) upon y e ac- 
count of him the said Melkert yet the said Cornelis his 
promise not Reguarding butsubtilly Intending him y e said 
Melgert in that Behalfe to Deceave, the said thirty Bea- 
vers to y 6 said Dirk Teunise on the account of him y 

* Continued from vol. iv, p. 199. 



The City Records. 115 

said Melgert hath not as yet payd and for y c said wheat 
him y* s d Melkert to satisfy hath Refuzed & still doth 
Refuze to dammage of him y said Melkert fifteen pounds 
& thereupon he Brings this suite 

The Defend" Plea Read Viz 1 

Cornells Teunise van Vechten of Bethlehem in y e Co- 
lony of Renselaerswyk in y e County of albany yeoman 
by Rich d Brewer his atturney makes answer to y e declara- 
tion of melk 1 abrahamse of y Colony & County afores' 1 , 
that wheareas in y s^ Declaration the said Milkert abra- 
hamse by his atturney John Collins Complains that y e 
aforesaid Cornelis Teunise vaij Vechten is indebted to y c 
said Melkrt abrahamse for one hundred and Eighty skep- 
pels of winter wheat, deliverd by the aforesaid Milkert 
abrahamse to y" said Cornelis Teunise van Vechten in y e 
year of our Lord 1689 at y e price as it is sett forth in y e 
declaration aforesaid Cornelis Teunise van Vechten afore- 
said doth utterly deneigh the Receipt or delivery of any 
Part or parcel of the aforesaid wheat, either by or to him 
the s d Cornelis Teunise or his order and further saith not 
but puteth himselfe on his Countrey. 

Albany March y e 26 th 1705 JOHN COLLINS 

The Plentive by John Collins his atturney doth demur 
to y e Defendants Plea & saith that it is not good in Law 
it neither being in barr of y e action brought or in abate- 
ment of the writt, neither admits y action to be tryed 
by his Countrey, and therefore not Issuable and no tryal 
by Law to be had without Issue joynd. wherefore the 
Plentive prays a nonsuite against the defend 1 for such his 
Irregular proceedings and denies y" Judgem* of this Court 
therein JOHN COLLINS 

The Defend 1 by his atturney Rich d Brewer, prays that 
the action may proceed, being willing to Pay y c Costs thus 
farr The Court, takeing Consideration in y c matter are 
of opinion that y action doe proceed, and that y 6 def 1 doe 
pay y Costs of sute so farr and that therefore the Def 1 
has leave to mend his plea ordered that y e Jury bee cald 
tip viz 1 -.William Claesegroesbeek, Elbert gerritse, Gys- 
bert marselis, Gerrit Ryckse, Gerrit Lansing Jun r , Phillip 
foreest, hannanus wendel, gerrit Luykasse wyngaert, 



.-; 

1ji6 'The City Records. 

Mynd 1 Roseboom, hend k vroman, Isaac Lansing, Jacobus 
Skuyler. 

The Jury Sworne 

Hend k oothout, Evidence for y e PLentive Caled & 
sworne but Remembers nothing of the matter 

Evert Ridder Evidence for y e Defend 1 , caled & sworne 
& asked what he knows of y e matter saith that about 18 
years agoe being at y e house of y e s d Plentive he was de- 
syred by his wife to make a Certain memorandum & heard 
say of wheat but Doth not Remember y l y e wheat was 
deliverd to y e Def l , 

The PI : by his atturney desyres that he may be admit- 
ted to give his oath in y 6 premises but not allowed 

The Charge given to y e Jury & sent out for a Verdick 
& a Constable appointed to attend the door of the Room 
where they goe to. 

The Jury doe Return and give their verdict that y 6 De- 
fend 1 is not guilty. 

The Def ts atturney moves for Judg 1 of Costs of sute 
since y e Caling up of y Jury which y 6 Court takeing into 
Consideration have graunted Judg 1 of the said Costs 

The Court adjourned till y s day 24 night 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty hall of albany 
y e 5 th ofap u 1705: Present John Schuyler, Mayor; 
David Schuj^ler, John Roseboom, John Cuyler, John 
Mingael, aid"; Hend othout, frans wirine, Ruth van 
deuse, gerrit Roseboom, Abraham Cuyler, assistance. 
jcr M r John Collins desyres y 1 y e Lott of grounde between 
Juriaen van hoeses house & lott & y e house & lott of Jon- 
athan Broadhorst may be sold to him being willing to pay 
whats Reasonable for y e same y e Commonality are Informed 
y 1 y e same ground is Pretended by John Apeell & John 
Casperse are therefore of opinion that word be sent to y 6 
s d Appeel to appear here y e 24 Instant so that they may 
make further Inquire in y 6 matter 

May 30. The Petition of Jacob Turke Esqr high sher- 
riffe whereby he Doth pray that in Case y e Commonality 
doe Renew y e Proclamation Relateing y e Indian trade, 
they will be pleased to appoint him to Execute y e same 







The City Records. 

/ 1 ' , . + a . 

he offering to be Ready at all times to Render a true ac- 
count of y" forfeits as shall be Reserved therein. 

The Commonality have thought Requisete to Issue out 
y 6 following Proclamation That no person or Person 3 
whatsoever shall adresse themselfs to any Indian or In- 
dians nor speak to them off or Concerning Trade nor shall 
Entice them without y e Citty walls nor in y e County by 
signs or otherwise howsoever to come & trade with them- 
selfs or any other persons upon pain & penalty of paying 
for Each such offence so Committed y 6 summe of thirty 
six shillings one forth for y 6 Behooffe of y Mayr aid & 
Commonality & 3 : forths for y 6 sherriffe who is to sue for 
y 6 same within 3 times Twenty four hours after such of- 
fence is Committed which sherriffe is to be accountable 
of the fourth part of s d fine when by y mayr Recorder 
aldn & Common Councill Required 

That no person or persones shall Ride any Indian or 
Indians on waggon or Cart neerer to y e Citty then to y 6 
first hill westward from y 6 furthermost Indian house 
where y 6 Indian graves are, upon penalty of forfeiting the 
summe of twelve shillings to be for y e Behooffe as afore- 
said. 

That no person or Persones whatsoever within this 
Citty of albany doe Presume to Trade or Trafique with 
or by any means whatsoever directly or Indirectly or In- 
tice any Indians so to doe or give any gifts upon y e Sab- 
bath day upon pain and Penalty of forfeiting such goods 
as so traded for as afores d as also upon Pain & Penalty 
of paying as a fine for Each offence y summe of forty 
shillings to y 6 use of such persons as shall sue for y 6 same, 
and that this order may bee the more Punctually be ob- 
served it is ordered that y 6 Constables by turnes on y 6 
Sabbath day walk y streets with there Staffs to Prevent 
- > e Breach of y e Lords day & to hinder all manner of Ir- 
regularities whatsoever upon the Pain and Penalty of six 
shillings 

It is further Concluded to be Requisite that a warrant 
be Issued by Mr Mayor to y 6 Sherriffe Relating the Indian 
trade in y 6 County in as strict a form as may be formd 
according to y e Direction of the Citty Charter 

10 



118 The City Records. 

The Petn of Johans Appel being Read is Referrd to 
further Consideration 

June 18. Whereas Diverse Inhabitants of this Citty 
by there Petition given in Common Councill doe Complain 
that by the late Proclamation Relateing y e Indian trade 
(whereby Indians are permitted to be Receivd in houses 
with there packs) it proves much to y e great disadvantage 
of those who make profession of Indian trade doe there- 
fore desyre that such alterations may be made so that y e 
Indians may not be admitted to lay into y" toune but to 
Remain in y e houses on the hill 

It is therefore Concluded that y e two Indian houses 
standing on y" hill be Repared by (or at y e Charge of) all 
such Inhabitants within this Citty as doe make Profession 
of trade with y 6 five nations between this & the 23 d In- 
stant, to which End Abraham Schuyler, Gerrit Luykasse, 
Abraham Cuyler, Johans Beekman, Gerr* Roseboom & 
John Lansing are appointed mannagers thereof who are 
to give warning to such Professors of trade Either to help 
to Repair y 6 said houses or to send a man in their Room 
to doe y n same & to make Report thereof on y 2S d In- 
stant at' 6 a Clock at night without faile 

June 23. The Persones appointed on y e 18th Instant, 
to be mannagers to see that the two Indian houses on the 
hill be Repared doe Return that according to y e orders to 
them Directed y e s d houses are Compleatly Repared in 
good order, and thereby sett forth that such persones 
within y s Citty as doe make profession of y Indian trade 
have all been assistant in y Repareing of s d houses Ex- 
cept Evert Wendel, Junier, also a professor who hath 
Refuzed to give any assistance to the said Repareings. 

Whereupon y e Common Councill have orderd that y e s d 
Wendel be brought before them to give sufficient Reason 
for such Refuze or neglect who doth appear and alleadged 
that y e said houses are Prejudicial to him & further that 
he thinks he is no more oblidge to worke at said houses 
then any oyr Person of this Citty not Concernd in said 
Trade 

Thereupon y e Common Councill have fynd y e s d Wendel 
y^summe of nine shillings & Concluded that the Mayor 



The City Records. 119 

shall Issue out his warrant for y e Levying y e same in case 
of Refuzal upon his goods & Chatles. 

It is Concluded by y e Common Councill that y c follow- 
ing Proclamation Relateing the Indian Trade be on mon- 
day y e 25' Instant Proclamed Viz 1 : That they doe in her 
Maj. queen Anns Name Publish and declare that no person 
or Persons whatsoever within ys Citty shall upon the ar- 
riveall of any Indian or Indians adresse themselves, nor 
speak to them off or Concerning Trade nor shall Entice 
within or without the gates of y e said Citty by signs or 
otherwise howsoever to trade with themselfs or any other 
Persons upon pain & penalty of paying for Each such of- 
fence if Committed without y 6 gates of y c s d Citty the 
summe of thirty if within tlie same y e summe of six shil- 
lings one third for y e Behooffe of y" Mayor, aldermen & 
Commonality and two thirds for the sherriife who is to 
sue for y same in y e space of three times twenty four 
hours after such fault is Committed 

Thatt no person or Persones within ys Citty shall Pre-" 
sume to take any Indian or Indians (sachims Excepted 
when by the mayors or any aldermens Lycence) into their 
houses with pack or pakes of Beaver or Peltry and so 
trade them upon pain and penalty of paying as a fine for 
Each Indian or squae thirty shillings one third for y e Com- 
monality aforesaid and txvo thirds for y e sherriffe as afore- 
said and y Indian or Indians or squaes with said Packs 
Immediatly to depart out of y e house without trading di- 
rectly or Indirectly Provided that y e Indians commonly 
Caled the River & maquase Indians are free to be admitted 
unto any Persons house within this Citty with there Packs 
any Law of y e said Citty to y c Contrary notwithstanding 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this Citty 
shall send out or make use of any Breakers whither Chris- 
tians or Indians in y c mannagem 1 of y e Indian trade upon 
pain & penalty of paying as a fine for Each offence y* 
summe of thirty shillings one third for y e Commonality 
and two thirds for y c sherriffe as aforesaid 

That no person or peVsons whatsoever within this Citty 
doe presume to trade or Trafique with or by any means 
whatsoever directly or Indirectly or Intice any Indians so 



120 The City Records. 

to doe or give any gifts upon y e Sabbath day upon pain & 
penalty of forfeiting such goods as so traded for as afore- 
said as also upon pain and penalty of paying as a fine for 
Each offence the summe of forty shillings to y e use of 
such person as shall sue for y e same and that this order 
may be y e more punctually observed it is orderd that y e 
Constables of this Citty by turnes on y e Sabbath day doe 
walk the streets with there staffs to prevent the Breach 
of y e lords day and to hinder all manner of Irregularities 
whatsoever upon penalty of six shillings 

That all Indians (y e Sachims River & mohogg Indians 
Excepted as afores d ) are ordred to lay in y e Indian houses 
without y e toune from y e 1st of aprill to y e 14th of Octo- 
ber and are permitted to be Receivd in peoples houses in 
toune from y e 14th of October to y e first of apll Given 
in albany this 23rd of June in y e fourth year of her majes 
Reign Ao Di 1705 

God Save the queen 



Att a Mayors Court held in the Citty hall of albany 
the 31th day of July 1705 -.Present, John Schuyler, 
Esqr, Mayr; John Abeel, Recordr; Evert Banker, 
Hendk Hansen, Johans Roseboom, Johans Mingael, 
Esqr, Aldm. 

John Gilbert Plentive John Collins atturney at law 
appear for him 

Evert Wendel Junr Defendant 

John Collins atturney for the Plentive makes motion 
that since no Rule in Court is Entred in what time Decla- 
rations shall be filed & Pleas Entred That the Court will 
take y e same into Consideration and Enter a Rule for the 
same, for want thereof now the said atturney Desyres 
that y e action may be Referrd to y e next Mayors Court to 
y e End that y e PI: may take Copy of y 6 s' 1 Defendts Plea 
to Consider of the same 

The Court takeing the matter into Consideration doe 
order that for the future all Declaration to be filed for the 
Mayors Court shall be filed at or before twelfe a Clock at 
noon on the Saturday Before y e holding of the said Court 
& the Pleas at or before twelfe a Clock at noon on the 



The City Records. 121 

monday then following said Saturday and that this action 
be Referrd untill y e next Mayors Court to be held on y f 
24th of august next 

The Court adjourned till ys day 14 night 

August 14. John Gilbert by his atturney John Collins 
Plentive Evert Wendel Junr Defendant 

The Return of y e Corroner for y e Jury & Evidences are 
allowd by the parties to be a good Return The Declara- 
tion & Plea being Read the Plentive by his said atturney 
doth Demurrer against y e Defts Plea Viz 1 

MAYOR'S COURT. Demurrer. John Collins atturney 
for y PI for Demurrer saith that y 6 Defts Plea is not good 
in law being duble, and a plefl. is but one entire act in law, 
and there cannot be any Issue joynd where that matter 
is aleadged in y 6 plea, which is not by law ful prove made 
question before this Court, and that y e writteing here in 
Court is as much a declaration as a plea, and setts forth 
an Injury done to y 6 def 1 for which Injury there is no ac- 
tionr brought & that a plea being an entire act of y 6 party 
cannot be desided by Judge or Jury the defend 1 putting 
himselfe upon his Country as well for y 6 assault that was 
made upon him by y e Plentive as for y 6 Denyal of the 
assault made by him on y e Plentive whereupon the Plen- 
tive asks Judgem 1 of this Court whether the Defend 1 aught 
to enter his Plea against y e Plentive in manner and form 
as is therein sett forth, and thereupon beggs his Costs 
and Charges and Judgem 1 against the Defend 1 for not en- 
tring a good Plea in law JOHN COLLINS pleg &c 

The Court takeing y* s d Plea into Consideration doe 
allow y c same to be good, 

The Jury being Caled viz 1 Coenraet ten Eyk, Thomas 
Williams, William Groesbeek, Johannis Groesbeek, Claes 
Rynier Myndertse, Abraham Kip, Barent Bratt, Johans 
Beckman, hendk ten Eyk, Daniel Bratt, Harpert ^icobze, 
Ruth van deuse 
The Jury sworne 

The Declaration & Plea Read y e Evidences given & the 
Charge given to y c Jury are sent out for a verdict The 
Jury doe Return & give in their verdict that they finde 
y" Defendant not guilty 



122 The City Records. 

The Plentives atturney moves that Judgement may be 
stopt untill y e next Court day for some Reason which he 
then will give agst y e verdict 

The Court have graunted the same accordingly 

Att a meeting of y e Justices of y Citty & County of 
albany the 14 August 1705: Present, John Abeel, 
Evert Banker, Hendk hansen, Johs Roseboom, Johs 
Cuyler, Johs Mingael, Esqrs Justices 

Whereas diverse Coirs of y e Citty & County have not 
done pursuant to y e severall warrants to ym Directed but 
Neglected to Colect there Respective quotaes to y e 400 
Tax to Defray y e Citty & Countys arrears &c 

It is therefore Resolved & Concluded since y 6 s d Coirs 
have often times been ordred to pay y 6 s d quotaes Into 
the hands of anthony Bratt Countys treasurer and yet 
not done that an order be Issued to James Parker to 
give notice to y c s d Colectors so neglecting that they pay 
the full quota according to the several tax list into y e 
hands of y e Treasurer on or before the 28th Instant upon 
penalt} 7 off suffering as y 6 act of genl 1 in that Case hath 
made and Provided 

Att a Mayors Court held in y Citty hall of albany y 6 
28 of augs 1 1705: Present John Abeel, Recordr; 
Evert Banker, Hendk hansen, David Schuyler, 
Johans Roseboom, Johans Cuyler, Johans Mingael, 
aldm. 

Whereas y e last Court day on y e 14th Instant in y e ac- 
tion between John Gilbert PI & Evert Wendel Junr Def* 
y e Jury gave in their verdict that they found y e Defend 1 
not guilty whereupon y e s d PI by his atturney John Col- 
lins moved that Judge m 1 might be stopt for Reasons which 
y e s f1 alturney offerd to give in this day against y e s d ver- 
dict and since y e said atturney doth not appear to give 
due Reason why Judgem* should not passe according to 
y e s d verdict, and y e Defend 1 now appeareing praying that 
Judgem 1 may passe accordingly the honbl e Court doe take 
y e matter in there Consideration and doe graunt Judgem t 
against y e Plentive for Costs of sute. 



The City Records. 123 

The Court adjourned till ys 14 night 

Before y e adjournm 1 of this Court, it is Considered upon 
y 6 application of James Parker who humbly Prays that 
such methods may be used whereby y* s d Parker may have 
y e command of his house now in possession of Lev 1 Ma- 
thews Shanks for his lodgeing & that oyr lodgeing may be 
provided for y e s d Lew 1 y 6 Court being sencible that y 6 s d 
Parker hath now dureing three years Earnestly Requested 
for Releive in y matter, doe Constitute & appoint Mr. 
John Cuyler to addresse to his Excell y e govr for a new 
ordr to Enable y e mayr aldermen or such oyr persons as 
His Excell shall appoint to provide other Lodgeing for y 6 
s d Leif at y e Charge of the government 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty hall of albany 
y e 7th day of Sepr 1705 -.Present Johannis Schuy- 
ler, Mayor; Evert Banker, Hendk Hansen, Johannis 
Roseboom, David Shuyler, Johannis Mingael, aldm; 
Gerrit Roseboom, Abraham Cuyler, Frans Winne, 
Ruth Melgertse, assistants 

The Request of Robt Livingston Junr whereby he de- 
syres that a Certain peece of ground (which formerly 
was part of a lane or highway scituate, Lyeing to y e west 
of his pasture ground) may be sold to him, being Read 
the Common Councill doe take the same into Considera- 
tion and Referr y same to their further Consideration in 
y" mean time it is ordred that warning be given to Isaac 
Casperse to appear before ys Common Councill on y 15 
Instant at 4 a Clock 

Whereas the Mayor of this Citty doth Inform this 
Comon Councill that severall Creditors of this Citty for 
Daly services done doe almost Every day adresse them- 
selfs to him for payment and since there is no Cash in 
the Treasurers hands whereby the said Creditors can be 
satisfyed doth therefore desyre that y 6 Common Councill 
will Consider & take some method to Raise a found for 
to Defray the arrears of the said Citty Charge In con- 
sideration whereof The Common Councill ha\ e Conclu- 
ded that y c summe of forty pounds be layd assessed & 
leveyd on y 6 Inhabitants & sojourners within this Citty 



*24 The City Records. 

& order that a warrant be Issued to y 6 assessors of y 6 
said Citty to make an Estimate of y e s d Estates of y e said 
Citty & to make Return thereof unto Mr Mayor on or 
before y 6 13th Instant at four a Clock in y e afternoon 
und there hands and seales 

Att a meeting of the Justices of y e Citty & County of 
albany the llth Day of Septr 1705 -.Present Johan- 
nis Schuyler, John Abeel, Evert Banker, Hen Hansen, 
Johes Roseboom, David Schuyler, Johannis Mingall, 
Johannis Cuyler, Justices 

The sheriff moves against Johannis Groosbeek for 15s 
as a fine due to him for not haveing paved before his 
dwelling house according to a Proclamacon of this Citty. 
Orderd that the s d ffine be p d to y 6 s d sheriff 

Garitt Roseboom y e same fault same Judgm 1 Melker 
Vanderpool y e same fault y e fine of six shillings 

Guisbert Marcelis found in the same fault Judgm 1 for 
15 

Ffrancis Pruym the same fault the same Judgm 1 Jo- 
hannis Wendler y ? same fault but haveing been sick fin'd 
six shillings 

Peter Waldron the same fault Judgmen for six shillings 
Katherine Hogoboom the same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Daniell Kelly the same fault Judgm 1 for 15s 
Elisabeth Vanden Uthoff the same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Albert Rikeman the same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Evert Rudder the same fault Judgm 1 for six shillings 
Nigers Dow y e same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Evert Jansen y e same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
John Solomanse y e same fault Judgm 1 for six shill 
Cornelis Williamse the same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Abraham Kipp the same fault Judgm 1 for 15 
Sepr 25. Takel Dirkse being found in y e fault is fynd 
in the summe of fifteen shillings 



The City Records. 125 

Att Common Councill held in the Citty hall of albany 
the 15 day of Septembr 1705: Present John Abeel, 
Esqr., Recordr; Evert Banker, David Schuyler, Jo- 
hans Roseboom, Johans Mingael, Esqrs , adm; Frans 
Winne, Ruth Melgertse, Gerrit Roseboom 
It is Resolved by y e Common Council that Publick no- 
tice by a billet be to sett up at y Church Requireing all 
Persons that have any ace 1 with the Citty that they give 
in there s d accounts to Anthony Bratt, Treasurer on or 
before the 29th Instant To y e End that y e s d accounts al- 
lowable be vizited & audited by Mr Hendk Hansen, Mr 
Johs Roseboom, Mr Evert Banker Ruth Melgertse, Abra- 
ham Cuyler & Dirk Vanderheyden on or before y e third 
of octobr next 

Pursuant to y e Resolution on y 7th Instant y 6 assessors 
have delivered in there Estimate amounting together 
2393, which y e Common Councill doe approve off and 
lay 4Jd on y c Pound & order that warrants be Issued for 
y 6 Collecting & payment thereof unto Anthony Bratt 
Treasurer on or before the first of octobr next Ensueing. 

The 14th of octobr Last being appointed byy e Charter 
of y" Citty of albany for y e aldermen Comonality, asses- 
sors Constables and Chamberlain of y e s d Citty to be 
sworne who are as followeth viz 1 

The first warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler Dirk Vanderheyden 

Evert Banker Marius Wendel 

Assessors. Collector. 

Mynd 1 Schuyler Peter van Brugh 

Jacob Staets 

Joljs Lansing Constable 

The second warde. 

Aldermen. Assistant?. 

Johannis Roseboom Abraham Cuyler 

Johannis Cuyler Gerrit Roseboom 

Assessors. Collector. 

Johans Beekman Cornelis Scherluyn 
P. Mingael 

Hendk Vroman Constable 



126 The City Records. 

The third ivarde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hendk Hansen Ruth Melgertse 

Johans Mingael Johs D. Wandelaer 

Assessors. Collector. 

Gerrit Ryckse Ary Oothout 

Tho Harmense 

Danl Ketelheyn Constable' 
Coenraet ten Eyk Chosen high Constable 
Anthony Bratt Chosen Citty Chamberlain 
Fyre masters in y e first warde Johannis Lansing & Luy- 
kasse Gerrit se in y e second warde Barent ten Eyk & 
Cornelis Sherluyn in y 3 d warde Evert Janse & Johan- 
nis Pruyn 

Att a Common Councill held in y c Citty hall of albany 

y e 6 of novembr 1~05 : Present Johannis Schuyler, 

Mayor; Johannis Abeel, Recorder; Hendk Hansen, 

Johans Roseboom, Johans Cuyler, Johans Mingael, 

aldm ; Dirk Vanderheyden, Manus Wendel, Abraham 

Cuyler, Johans D. Wandelaer, assistants 

It is Resolv r ed that Mr Johannis Cuyler & Harmanus 

Wendel doe take a Vew of the Cittys Stockadoes & agree 

with some fit person or persons for y e Reparing thereof 

at hand at y e Cittys Charge. 

It is Resolved by y e Mayor, Recordr aldermen as Jus- 
tices that warning be given to y e Rest of y e Justices in y e 
County to appear here on y e 8th Instant at two a Clock 
in y e afternoon to Convein a meeting of Justices to Con- 
sult of matters for y e preservation of this County 

November 20, 1705. Whereas y e Citty walls are found 
undefensive and open in severall places it is Resolved that 
by the Constables of y e Respective wards within this Citty 
warning be given to Each all and Every Inhabita* within 
this Citty that on fryday y e 23 Instant in y e morning at 
sunn Raising they doe Either with an ax spade or shufFel 
appear viz 1 y 6 first warde at y e Citty hall of albany y e 2 d 
warde at y e burger Blockhouse & y e 3 d warde at y e Main- 
guarde and observe Commands towards the Reparing of 



The City Records. 127 

y 6 s d Citty walls upon penalty of paying as a fine fcr such 
neglect 3 shilling 

It is Resolved that since Hendk Vroman Constable of 
y" 2 d warde of this Citty hath Removed to Shennecktady 
That an oyr fitt person be this day Elected by y c Inhabit- 
ants of y e s d warde in his place 

December 31, 1705. Resolved that an assessement be 
laid upon the Inhabitants of y Citty of albany for four 
hundred Load of fire wood to y e burger guards of said 
Citty (Excepting green pine, willige, pappela & linda 
wood, which is not to be accepted off sufficient wood) 
which wood is to be Ride on half thereof one or before 
the Tenth day of Janry nexjt, & y e oyr half on or before 
the Tenth day of febr next Ensueing and ordred that a 
warrant be is -ued to y e assessors of y* said Citty viz 1 to 
Mynd 1 Schuyler, Jacob Staets, Johannis Beekman, Peter 
Mingael, Gerrit Ryckse & Thomas Harmense to make 
such an assessement for y e s d 400 loads of wood and for 
Eight hundred Citty Stockadoes of good yellow pine 23 
foot long & 12 Inches at y e small End, & to make Return 
of there s d assessement on or before y e 3 d of January now 
next Ensueing 

But whereas y c Common Council! are Informed That 
Mr Mynd 1 Shuyler and Mr. Jacob Staets who are Returnd 
assessors for y c first warde in y c Citty of albany by virtue 
of y c Charter & Common Custome thereof on y. c 29th of 
Septembr last have not as yet taken oath as that service 
Requires y Common Councill have Resolved to send for 
y 6 s d assessors to give them their oaths, who doe appear 
in Common Councill and positively Refuzd to take on 
them tlrat service as assessors for y c said warde y e s d 
Schuyler alleadgeing } rt the Common Councill have noe 
power to ordr y c Election of assessors for y c s d Citty & 
y l said Staets alleadgeth that by y c Law he is free from 
any such services, which the Common Councill loe take 
into there Consideration and by y majority of votes it is 
allowed that by y law y c s d Staets is free from such ser- 
vices, and Resolved y l y e said Schuyler for so Refuzeing 
shall pay as a fine y summe of four pounds Currant mo- 
ney of ys Province and that tomorrow being y" first of 



128 The City Records. 

Janry at 3 a Clock afternoon a new election in y e said 
warde be made for two assessors in stead of y e s d Schuy- 
ler & Staets, and that y' Constable give warning to y e 
Inhabitants of y e said warde to appear in y e Citty hall to 
make Choise accordingly 

It is further Resolved & Concluded y l Mr Mayor doe 
Issue out his warrant or Execution for y e Levying of y e 
s d fine & to Issue out his war 1 to y" assessors to make' an 
assessem 1 as aforesaid 

Resolved that such person or persons as have furnished 
Candle & who still doe suply Candle to y e burger gards 
shall be paid for y 6 same out of y" first money to be 
Raized 

January 29, 170J- . It is Resolved that Mr Hendk Han- 
sen & Mr Johans Mingael doe vew what Reparation is 
wanting in the main guard and to order the same to be 
made at the Citty Costs as also the makeing up the bat- 
taries and that Mr Johannis Cuyler & Mr Johs Roseboom 
doe vew what Reparation is wanting for y e great gunns 
&c in y e burger Blockhouse and to order the same together 
with the batteries thereabouts to be made & laid up at y e 
Costs aforesaid This to be done off hand. 

It is further Resolved that orders be given to y e Cryer 
to goe Round & Cry out that such Inhabitants who as yet 
have not Ride there quotaes of guard wood & stockadoes 
that tl\ey must Ride y e before y e 6th febr next upon pe- 
nalty of three shillings for Each Load of wood as they 
so shall neglect & three shills for Each Stockadoe 

It is also Resolved that a Proclamation be proclaimd 
to morrow morning Prohibiting y 1 noe horse or horses 
either before slee, waggon, Cart or undr y e man shall be 
driven or Ride upon y e streets within this Citty faster 
then on a stept or verry moderate Tratt, upon penalty 
of forfeiting y e summe of six shillings for Each such of- 
fence for y e Behooffe of y e Sherriffe or such as shall sue 
for y e same 

February 25, 170f. It is Resolved that ordrs be given 
to Isaac Casperse for to Remove his fenceing from y e 
Citty ground and that forthwith 

It is further Resolved that such persones as yet have 



The City Records. 129 

not Ride there Stockadoes and fyre wood must Ride y e 
same before y e 6th march next Ensiieing & that Publick 
notice thereof be given by y Cryer 

The Petition of William Hogen Relateing y e Bridge by 
the Lutheriaen Church being much out of Repair desyre- 
ing that y e Common Council! will take y" same into there 
wise Consideration y 1 the s d Bridge be Repaird it is Resolved 
That y e in Convenient time y e same shall be made suffi- 
cient to passe & Repasse without Danger 

February 26, 170;;. Whereas yesterday in & by-a meet- 
ing of mayor, Record, aldermen and Common Councill at 
y" desyre of Mr Jobs Mingael Sale was made to him of a 
Certain ps of Ground scituate Lyeing and being within 
y e limitts & bounds of this Citty to the west of y e Pas- 
ture ground of y heirs of Jerominus Wendel & y c Pas- 
ture of Rob 1 Livingston Junkr & to y e Easte of y e ground 
of Isaac Casperse it being part of a Common land Con- 
tains in breath y c breath thereof as it is by y e south side 
of y c s d Pasture of R. Livingston Junior & so Runns north- 
ward between y e s d Pasture of Rob 1 Livingston Junr & y e 
ground of y c s d Isaac Casperse & then along y e pasture 
of y e s d heirs y e breath of s d pasture where y e s d ps of 
ground is to Contain y e same breath as it doth on y e south 
end which sale is now Confirmd wherefore } e s d Johans 
Mingael is to pay in y e month of augs 1 next y e summe of 
Twenty one pounds Currant money of ys Province into 
y e hands of y* Citty Treasurer & y 1 in y e mean time af- 
ter measured s d transp 1 shall be given provided he gives 
bonds for y 6 paym 1 as afors d 

March 22, 1706. A petition of Evert Wendel Junr 
Given in Common Councell and Read and Left Into fur- 
ther Consideration the next Common Councell Day 

The Petition of severall Inhabitants of the Citty of 
albany Given in Common Councell and Read and Left 
Into further Consideration 

Its further Resolved that publick notice be given Iff any 
person or persons what soever have any Right or title by 
Pattent or any other Conveyance or pretence to any Lott 
or Lotts of ground unimproved within the s d Citty Lim- 
metts shall produce them and Deliver them In by the 
11 



130 The City Records. 

Mayr that they may be Read by the Common concell be- 
tween this and the first of Novembr next Ensuing 

April 13, 1706. This day a Conveyance is given to 
Mr Johannis Mingael according to sale of land on y 6 26th 
Febr last together with an addition of a litle more ground 
adjoyning to y e west of y e north end of y e s d land. 

It is Resolved & Concluded that a proclamation be made 
& Publishd that wherever any dung is turnd out on y e 
streets of this Citty and found on the same upon Satur- 
day in the week that then & in such Case the person or 
persons who are guilty therein shall forfeit y e summe of 
fiftheen shillings. That no Person or Persons whatsoever 
shall after the first day of may now next Ensueing suffer or 
lett there hogs swine or Piggs to Runn within y e Limits or 
bounds of this Citty upon penalty of forfeiting the summe 
of ten shillings for Each hog swine or Pigg othei wise 
shall forfeit such hogg or hoggs swine or swins pigg or 
piggs if not Redeemd for y e said summe for y e space of 
twice twenty four hours after, such hoggs swine or piggs 
be taken up into custody 

Evert Janse appears in Common Councill and desyres 
y e Commonality will be pleased to make sale of a small 
peece of ground scituate on y e front of his dwelling house 
in y e Brewer street It is Resolved that a committee be 
appointed to vew y e Said Ground & if they see Conveni- 
ent to make sale of y e same to y e s d Evert Janse to y 6 best 
advantage of ys Citty and accordingly is appointed Mr. 
Hendk hansen Mr. Johannis Cuyler & Mr. Johs mingael 
Jobs Roseboom aldn Johs D Wendelaer Ruth Melgertse 
& gerrit Roseboom assistance or any four of ym to man- 
nage that matter as aforesaid which said Committee are 
also to vew y e ground wherefore Evert wendel Junr peti- 
tions scituate to y e west of his house & to make Report 
thereof whether y e same Can be Conveniently disposed 
of or not, and also to make- Rules Relateing y e market.. 

Pursuant to y e above Resolution y e gentn appointed a 
Committee have sold to Evert Janse a peece of ground to 
y c front of a lott of grounde belonging to y 6 s d Evert 
Janse scituate on y e north side of y 6 house & lott where 
said Evert Janse now dwels on y e East side of y e Brewer 
street, which said peece of ground after measured Con- 



The City Records. 131 

veyance is to be given at y e proper Costs of y' ; s d Evert 
Janse wherefore he prorniseth to pay unto y mayor alder- 
men & Commonalty or there assigns y stimme of five 
pounds Tenn shillings Currant money of this Province 
vis 1 2: 15: on or before pmo June next Ensueing y e 
oyr 2: 15; on pmo octbr next Ensueing 

As t j y e Petition of E\ ert Wendel Junior y e Commit- 
tec have made a vew on y e ground doe finde that there 
is thirteen foot ground vacant \vhiche in there opinion doe 
value the same to be worth Sixty pounds Cur 1 money 

Pursuant to y c Resolution on y e oyr side y e gentn Com- 
mittee doe Resolve Conclude and ordain the following 
fee for y e Clarke of y e market within this Citty which 
Market they appoint to be held on Saturday weekly and 
order that for all Catle killd for the market, for Each 
head Nine pence for Every hogg or shoat bought or 
Cutt out for saile in y e market house three pence and for 
Every sheep Calf or lamb, one peny half-penny 

And that y 6 Countrey pay nothing for what they shall 
bring to y market Ready kild provided they pay for Seal- 
ing of weights one penny half-penny for Each quarter 
weight Allways Provided that y 6 Clarke of y e Citty 
market doe kept y e Citty market house in sufficient re- 
pair Whereupon the Common Councill do e approve of y e 
sale made by y e Committee, to Evert Janse & that Con- 
veyance shall be given accordingly & doe also approove 
of y c Rules and fees ordaind for y c Clarke of market 

As to y e Report made by y 6 s d Committee upon y e Pe- 
tition of Evert Wendel Junior y e Common Councell doe 
further Referr y 1 matter to y e s d Committee who are Im- 
powered to make sale of y e said ground to y e best ad- 
vantage for y e Behooffe of this City 

As to y 6 Bridge towards y Lutheriaen Church Mr. 
hansen is agreed to make a sufficient and strong new 
Bridge laid with good Plank 2 Inches thick wherefore he 
is to Receive y e 5: 10; due from Evert Janse 

April 17, 1706. It is Resolved that a proclamation be 
proclaimed ordering y e Inhabitants of ys Citty (o produce 
there quota of stockadoes if Ride Sufficient for ys Citty unto 
y e Constable in there respective wards before y 9 23 Instant 
aprill upon penalty of forfeiting as fine for such neglect 



132 The City Records 

& for Each stockadoe not Ride y e summe of three shil- 
lings Cur 1 money ior y e Behoolfe of y e sherriffe or such 
Constable as shall sue for y c same, & y e s d Constables or- 
dered to make y e stockadoes unsufficient to make Return 
unto us after holding of the next Mayors on y e day afore- 
said of all such persons as then shall have neglect to 
produce there stockadoes as aforesaid. 

Att a Mayors Court held in the Citty hall of albany 

y e 23 d of apll 1706: Present Johans Schuyler Mayor 

Johans Abeel Recorder Evert Banker Hendk hansen 

Johannis Cuyler Johans Thomase Mingael aldm: 

The Court opend and adjourned till ys day 14 night 

according to y e Resolution of Common Councill on y e 

17th Instant y e Constables have made Return of such 

persones as have neglected to produce there quota of 

stockadoes & ordered that the sheriffe and y e Constables 

doe prosecute y e s d neglectors according to proclamation 

Att a Common Councill held in y c Citty hall of albany 
y e 7th day of may 1706: Present John abeel Re- 
cord Evert Banker Hendk hansen Johs Roseboom 
Johs Cuyler aldermen Dirk vanderheyden gerrit 
Roseboom Johs d wandelaer Ruth Melgertse abraham 
Cuyler assistants 

The Petition of Rich d Brewer Deputy Clarke of y e 
market Read, & Resolved by y e Commonalty that a pro- 
clamation be Issued according to y" Regulation made for 
y e Citty market on y e 13th of aprill Last, & that all 
person or persones are to take notice thereof accordingly 
and to Expose the meat kild to Sale in y e Publick market 
house Erected in y e Jouncker street & no where Else 
in this Citty (which market is to be held on Saturday of 
Every week) upon pain and penalty of forfeiting as a 
fine for Each default Committed y e summe of Six shil- 
lings Cur 1 money of new york for y 6 behooffe of y e Clarke 
of the market who is to sue for the same 

The Petition of margaret y 6 widow of John Coneel 
being Read & is Referrd till such time y Commonalty 
have Spoke with Mr. mingael who is ye next neighbour 



The City Records. 133 

westward from y 6 lott of y 6 s d widw at which time they 
will take y 6 same into there further Consideration 

The Petition Relating y e hoggs is Referred until the 
mayors Presence in Common Councill 

It is Resolved that y e late sherriffe Jacob Turke in y e 
presence of Mr. Jobs Cuyler & Mr. "Gerritt Roseboom 
doe give account of y e funds due to ye Citty unto David 
schuyler present sheriffe 

Att a meeting of some of y e members of y e Common 
Councill of y Citty of albany in y e Citty hall Sun- 
day y e 19th of may 1706: Present Hendk hansen 
Johans Roseboom JohnaMingael aldm: Dirk Van- 
derheyden Abraham Cuyler Ruth Melgertse Johs 
D Wendelaer assists 

Whereas Colonel Pr Schuyler by his Request desyres 
that y c Citty may be sufficiently Repaired for y e Defense 
thereof ag l any Insults of y french our Enemys y c which 
Request being here produced by Mr. hansen y* Alder- 
men & assistance here appeared have Resolved (since they 
cannot act as Common Councill) to send a messenger to 
Mr. mayor & Desyre him in town So that further Care 
may be taken to Repair y e said Citty 

Att a Mayors Court held in y e Citty of albany the 18th 
day of June 1706; Johans Schuyler Mayor Evert 
Banker Hendk hansen Johans Roseboom Johans Min- 
gael aldermen 

The Citty hall being now Repairing and at this time 
inconvenient to Call up the Court is therefore Resolved 
to adjourn to Dirk Vanderheydens house which is ad- 
journed accordingly 

The Court opened and adjourned till ys day 14 night. 



Att a Common Councill held in the Citty of albany 
the 28th day of June 1706: Present Johannis 
Schuyler Mayor John Abeel Record Evert Banker 
Hendk hansen Johans Roseboom Johans Cuyler Jo- 
hans Mingael aldm Dirk Vanderheyden Gerritt Rose- 
boom Abraham Cuyler assistance 

The Petition of Marg 1 Coneel given into Common 



134 The City Records. 

Councill y 6 7th of may Last which then was Referred 
until mr. MingaeJ who is y e next neighbour westward 
from y 6 s d widow should be spoke with in Common Coun- 
cill The same being now Read over again Mr. Mingael 
alleadgeth that y e six foot of ground which y e s d widow 
Petitions for, is his & that his house doth stand six foot 
upon y e Cittys ground The Commonalty doe therefore 
Resolve that a Committee be appointed to Inspect into 
y l matter and accordingly doe appoint Mr. John abeel 
Cap 1 Evert Banker Mr. Johs Roseboom & Mr. John Cuy- 
ler aldm Mr. Abraham Cuyler & Mr. gerrit Roseboom 
Assistants who are to make an Enquire herein & make 
Return 16th of Jully next 

July 9th, 1706. Itts Resolved: that Mr. Rob 1 Liv- 
ingston D Ck Doe Draw the Citty Charter out In fair 
Writing and Notifie Each article In the Margin or on such 
place & places as he Shall think most Requisite to the 
End that the Same may be brought to the Printer to be 
printed Resolved that Tho : Williams is appointed over- 
seer to hyre persons to seek the best old Stockadoes to 
Close and shut the Citty gapp open on the hill and to 
have all the old Stockadoes Ryd to the Burger block 
house on the North Side of Said Citty which said Charges 
shall be paid out of the Citty and the said oversier shall 
have four Shill pr day from the beginning till the End of 
the work, amotion being made by the Commonality of 
the Indian Trade and Refferd till the 16th Instant for 
further Consideration 



Att a Mayors Court held in y e Citty hall of albany y 
26th day of July 1706; Present John Abeel Record. 
Evert Banker Johans Cuyler Johans Mingael Johans 
Roseboom aldm 

Alida Schuyler by her atturney Jo: Collier Plentiv 
Aryaentie Wendels Defend 1 Evert wendel Junr Esq 
a power of atturney argues for her 

The plentives atturney moves that he cannot joyn 
Issue with the defendts atturney as not being atturney 
in law 






The City Records. 135 

The Defendts atturney -prays that he may be admitted 
to plead y" cause 

The Court Considering the matter fynding Defendts 
atturney to be no atturney In law and y e Cause in Court 
not being at his owne suit are therefore of opinion that 
he is not qualifyed to Plead, & Referr y e action till y 6 
next Mayors court So that y e defend 1 may prepare her 
Self with an atturney in law ordered that Mary Corbitt 
& Judic Luykasse Evidences appear at y e said mayrs 
Court & likewise Mr. Cuyler 

The Court adjourned till ys day 14 night 

Att a Common Council 1 held in y 6 Cittyhall of albany 
y 6 26th day of July 1706' Present John Abeel Re- 
cordr Evert Banker Jobs Roseboom Jobs Cuyler 
Jobs Mingael aldm Dirk V: derheyden Abraham 
Cuyler gerrit Roseboom harmanus Wendell Ruth 
Melgertse assists 

The Petition of severall Inhabitants of y 6 Citty of al- 
bany whereby they desyrd that the necessary Rules and 
orders as formerly may be made Relating y e Indian Trade 
being Read & Resolved by the mayr Record aldm & Com- 
monality that y following Proclamation be Issued Viz 1 . 

By the Mayr, Recordr, aldm, & Commonality of ye Citty 
of albany a proclamation 

Whereas Severall Inhabitants of this Citty by there 
Petn : beareing Even date with these presents doe sett 
forth that the Proclamation Relateing the Indian Trade 
is on the 23 d of June last Expired & therefore Requireth 
that a new proclamation maybe Issued, we doe therefore 
hereby in her maj e queen anns name Publish and declare 
that no person or persones whatsoever within this Citty 
shall upon y 6 arrival of any Indian or Indians adresse 
themselfs nor Speak to them nor shall Entice them within 
or without y e gates of y e said Citty by signs or otherwise 
howsoever to trade with themselfes or any other persones, 
being thereof Convicted by y e Evidence of the sheriffe 
his deputy or any other persones Shall forfeit and pay 
as a fine for Each such offence if committed without the 
gates of y 1 said Citty y e summe of four pounds Tenn 



136 The City Records. 

shillings if within y^ same y e summe of six shillings one 
third for y e behooffe of y e mayr Record aldm & Common- 
ality of y e s d Ckty & two thirds for y e sherriffe or any 
other person who shall sue for y e same at y e Mayors 
Court of y e said Citty 

That no person or persones within this Citty shall pre- 
sume to take any Indian or Indians squae or squaes (Sa- 
chims Excepted when come about Public affairs to treat 
with his Excell : y e governour or the Commissioners ap- 
pointed for y e Indian affairs) into there house with pack 
or packs of beaver or Peltry upon pain and penalty of 
paying as a fine being Convicted as afors d for Each In- 
dian or squae four pounds Tenn shillings one third for y e 
behooffe as aforesaid, and y e Indian or Indians squae or 
squaes with said pack or packs Immediately to depart 
out of y 6 house without trading directly or Indirectly 
upon penalty of forfeiting as a fine for Every hour 
they shall Remain longer into y e house y e summe of four 
pounds and tenn shillings, for y e behooffe & to be paid 
for as afores*, always provided that y e Indians Commonly 
Called y e River & maquaes Indians are free to be admit- 
ted unto any persones house within this City with there 
pack or packs but in case any Controversy falls out that 
an offender shall insist upon oyr Indians so taken in Cal- 
ing them mohogs or River Indians the same shall be ad- 
judged by any Justice of y e peace within this Citty who 
are to give their Certificate accordingly any law of y e s ' 
Citty to the Contrary notwithstanding 

That no person or persones whatsoever within this 
Citty shall Send out or make use of any Breakers whither 
Christians or Indians in the management of y e Indian 
Trade upon pain and penalty of paying as a fine for Each 
offence y e summe of four pounds tenn shillings for y e be- 
hooffe of and to be paid for as afores d 

That no person or persones whatsoever within this 
Citty doe presume to trade or Trafique with or by any 
means whatsoever directly or Indirectly or Intice any 
Indian or Indians so to doe or give any gifts upon the sab- 
bath day upon pain and penalty of forfeiting such goods as 
so traded for as aforesaid as also upon pain and penalty of 
paying as a fine for Each offence y e summe of four pounds 



The City Recorde. 137 

Ti-nn shillings to y c use cf such person as shall sue for 
y c same and that this order may be y more punctually 
observed it is ordered that y e Constables of this Citty 
by turnes on y e sabbath day doe walk the streets with 
there staffs to prevent the breach of y 6 lords day and to 
hinder all manner of Iregularities whatsoever upon pe- 
nalty of Six shillings 

That no person or persones shall with there waggon 
or waggons Cart or Carts horse or horses drive or Ride 
any Indian or Indians squae or squaes, the mohogs & 
River Indians excepted nearer to y e Citty of albany from 
schennectady than to y e sandbergh upon penalty of pay- 
ing as a fine for Each such offence y e summe of four 
pounds 10s for y e behooffe off & to be used as aforesaid 

That in Case any person or persones having committed 
any such offence as before mentioned, and the sherriffe 
his deputy or any other person or persons shall on his or 
there owne accord have contracted agreed made up y e 
matter with such offender or with any body Else by there 
mcancs, for a less summe of money then y e fine or fines 
afores 11 made for such offences he or they being thereof 
Convicted by one or more Evidences shall forfeit as a 
fine y e summe of Tenn pounds for y e behooffe of y e mayr 
Record, aldm. & Commonality who are to appoint one 
person to sue for y e same 

That no person or persones shall or may entertain any 
Indian or Indians squae or squaes (the mohogs and River 
Indians Excepted) into their houses after y c Evening 
Bell Hinging upon penalty of forfeiting as a fine y summe 
of six shillings for y' 1 behooffe of such person as shall 
sue for y ' same. That this proclamation doe Remain in 
force untilly c 14th of octobr next Ensueing and no longer 

god save y e queen 

Att a Mayors Court held in the City hall of albany y c 
30th of July 17C6:- Present Johs Schuylcr Mayor 
John Abeel Recordr Evert Banker Hendk hansen Jo- 
hans Roseboom Johans Cuyler Johans Mingael aldmn 
Alida Schuylcr by her atturney Jo: Collins Plentive 
Arvaentie Wendels by her atturney Rich d Brewer 
Oefend 1 . 



138 The City Records. 

A motion made by y 8 Plentives atturney that he is not 
Ready to Plead, his Cleyant being gone to new yorke from 
whom he wants some particular Instructions, The De- 
fendants atturney allows that y e action may be Referrd 
to y e next Mayors Court, which is Referrd accordingly 

The Court adjourned till ys day 14 night 

Att a Common Councill held in y~ Citty hall of albany 
y e 30th of July 1706: Present Jobs Schuyler Esqr. 
mayr. John abeel Recordr Evert Banker Hendk han- 
sen Johs Roseboom Johans Cuyler Jobs mingael 
aldm: Dirk V: d. heyden harmanus Wendel Abra- 
ham Cuyler Gerrit Roseboom Ruth Melgertse assist" 
It is Resolved that a proclamation be Issued that no 
person or persones whatsoever within ys Citty or County 
shall given Cred'. on or take pand upon any account 
whatsoever from any Indian or Indians squae or squaes 
for Liquor or any thing Else it being the Cloaths on there 
body or there usable armes and amunition upon complaint 
thereof made by y e Indian or Indians squae or squaes or 
Information from any body Else to any Justice within ys 
Citty such person shall Return y e s d Cloths armes or 
amunition and forfeit the summe of 6 shills besides 

It is Resolved that soever of this meeting it be Either 
Mayr. Record, aldermen or Commonality doe absent them- 
selfes the day that y e mayors Court shall be held and y e 
day at y e holding of Common Councill warning being 
given to y e Common Councill shall forfeit for Each such 
neglect y fc summe of six shillings to be levyed by distress 
on his or there goods & Chatles. 

August 27, 1706. Whereas Several people have given 
in accts. at y e Carge of ys Citty It is Resolved that y e 
following persones Viz 1 Mr. John abeel Esqr. Record 
Evert Banker Johs Cuyler & Mr. Hendk. hansen Esqrs 
aldermen, Johannis D Wendelaer, Dirk Vanderheyden 
Abraham Cuyler Common Councill to be a Committe 
who are Impoured or any four of them to vew Examine 
and state y e s d accounts & to make Return of there Re- 
port on Saturday y 31st Instant in y e afternoon at 3 a 
Clock in y e afternoon 



The City Records. 139 

August 31, 1706. The Gentn. appointed a Committie 
on y e 27 Instant doe according as then Resolved Return 
a Rapport that y e Several! accounts against y e Citty of 
albany Layd before then doth amount to X59: 19 : 6. 1 ,. 
Some of which Creditors they fii.de necessary that Twenty 
pounds be Emmediatly payd, according to a list thereof 
now produced which the Commonality doe approve of, 
& have orderd y e Citty Treasurer y l to the persons in- 
cluded in y 6 s d 59: 19; 6 who are not fully Credited 
Ln y e Citty book, he forthwith give Credit accordingly 
and also that he pay the s d summe of Twenty pounds 
according to y e s d list and orde* given him, 

Resolved by the Mayr Recordr aldermen & Common- 
ality that Mr. John abeel Mr Evert Banker Mr hendrik 
hansen & Mr. Johannis Cuyler Either or more of them 
by occasion when they goe doune to new yorke to take a 
fair Copy of y e Citty Charter and agree with the Printer 
to print Ihe same at such Cheap Rate as can be aggreed 
for to y best advantage of ys Citty and for ace 1 thereof 
to be payd out of y e first money to come in 

Resolved that the Citty officers be Elected In Each 
Respective warde within ys Citty by the Inhabitants 
thereof on y 6 29th of Septtmbr next according to the 
former Customes. 

September 2, 1706. In Pursuant to a Reslution of y e 
Commonality on y e 13th of aprill last of the Committie 
then appointed Viz 1 Mr hendk hansen Joannis Mingael 
Johs d wendelaer & gerritt Roseboom do Return under 
there hands that they have sold unto Evert Wendel Junr 
Sixteen foot of ground Belonging to this Citty adjoyning 
to y c west side of y c house & lott of Evert wendel 
afores d , fronting to y e Jouncker street Containing that 
Breath southward the lenth of y s d house & lott of y e s d 
Evert wendel Junr. & then the breath of Twenty four 
foot also southward to the lenth of the lott of Mr Pr. Van- 
brughs ground provided it doth not Include y e Round 
passage wherefore the s d Evert wendel doth promise to 
pay the summe of forty five pounds Currant money of 
m-w yorke Viz 1 one half to be payd ys Instant month 



140 The City Records. 

September & the other half on pmo august Next En- 
sueing together with y e Charges of writings Relating this 
sale which sale the Common Councill doe approve off and 
the said Evert Wendell in these Presence doth acknow- 
ledge to have aggreed with accordingly & that Indentures 
shall be given accordingly so that he doth give Security 
for the payment of y e s d grounde 

It is Resolved that y e high ways Belonging to this 
Citty be Repaird Viz 1 the high way from the s d Citty to- 
wards schennechtady to be done by orders of y e Mayr. 
and aldermen & assistants of y e first and second ward who 
are to give warning to y e Inhabitants thereof & the high 
way towards y e mill at waterfliet to be done by orders of 
y e . Record aldm & assistants of y e third warde to the In- 
habitants of the third warde So that the same be Com- 
pletely Repaird in y e space of six days Insueirig y e date 
hereof and whoever as shall be neglecting after warning 
given shall forfeit as a fine for Each days neglect the 
summe of three shillings unlesse he or they send a suffi- 
cient hand in there place. 

It is also Resolved that Cap 1 Wessell ten Brook & In- 
sign Johannis harmense doe order that the Blockhouse 
caled y e main guarde & y e block house Caled y e Burger 
Blockhouse be sufficiently Repaired at y e Cittyes Costs 

October 5, 1706. Mr Hendrick Hansen moves to y e 
Comon Councill that he may have a release for a certaine 
Lott of Ground lying in the Brewer street in the Citty of 
albany where he now lives betwen y e house of Dominie 
Lydeas & Jacobus Schuyler lying behind y e Dwelling 
house of the s d Mr. Hansen as broad as his Loot and 
backwards so far as it now Jyes in fence 

The comon Councill being informed by Major Dirick 
Wessells formerly of the s (i Citty that in the time of his 
being a mayor of y e Citty y c s d Mr Handsens father Hans 
Hendrickse, bought of and paid for the said lott of ground 
to the said Citty att that time. 

On which Consideration y e Comon Councill do ordr a 
Release to be given to v s d Mr Hansen for the same 



The City Records. 141 

October 14, 1706. This day being appointed by y e 
Citty Charter of albany for the aldermen assistants, as- 
sessors Constable and Chamberlaine of y e said Citty to 
be sworne who are as folio we th Viz 1 

For the Jirst warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Evert Banker Dirk vanderheyden 

Thomas Williams Conraet ten Eyk 

Assessors. Constable. 

William Van ale Jean Rosie 
Claes Luykase 

Second warde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Jjhannis Cuyler abraham Cuyler 

Johans Roseboom Gerrit Roseboom 

Assessors. Constable. 

Elbert Gerretse Claes Vonda 
Hendk Roseboom 

Rob 1 wendel Collector. 

Third loarde. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Hendk hansen Johans d wandelaer Jr. 

frans winne Danl Ketelheyn 

Assessors. Constable, 

fredk myndertse Takel dirkse 

Jan Evertse 

Mathys Nack Coir. 
Johannis Vinhagen high Constable 
Anthony Bratt Chamberlaine 

Att a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of albany 
y c llth novr 1706 : Present David Schuyler Mayor 
Hendk hansen Johans Roseboom Johans Cuyler 
Tho: williams Frans winne aldm. Abraham Cuyler 
Gerrit Roseboom Conradt ten Eyk Daniel Ketelheyn 
Johs d wandelaer Jr. Dirk Vanderheyden assistants 

It is Resolved by the Commonalty that whatsoever 
12 



142 The City Records. 

member of this Common Councill as shall neglect to ap- 
pear or be in Common Councill at y c hour hereafter to 
be appointed time to time shall forfeit as a fine for Each 
such neglect y summe of six shillings Curr 1 money of 
new yorke for y e behooffe of y e said Comnalty 

It is by the Comonalty Resolved that Mr. Johannis Cuy- 
ler Thomas Williams Esqrs & Conraet ten Eyk doe En- 
quire what agreemts y c late mayor Cap 1 Schuyler hath 
made with y e Retailers in y e last year for y e use and 
Benefitte of this Citty 

It is by y e Comonalty Resolved that y e breach of y e 
Citty stockadoes (which is happened by y e Extraordi- 
nary high water and layd open) be repared forthwith to 
the end whereof is agreed with John dirkse for 5s & 
mathys nack for 4s p day who are to Employ four oyr 
men to help them at y e Cittyes Charge & to agree with 
them for such Reasonable prize as can be 

It is Resolved by y e Comonalty that y e force of y p Pro- 
clamation Issued on y e 13 of aprill last Relating y e hogs 
swine and pigs be hereby annulled & made void and that 
from and after y e date of these presents noe hogs or 
swine or pigs sucking pigs Excepted shall be suffered 
upon y e streets of this City unless they be Ringd, and 
that for each such hogs swine or pigs sucking pigs Ex- 
cepted as aforesaid as shall be found upon y e streets of 
y e s d Citty or within y e limits or bounds thereof y e ouner 
shall forfeit as a fine ye summe of Six shillings or Else 
the said hog or hogs swine pig or pigs sucking pigs Ex- 
cepted as afores d if not Redeemed in y c time of twice 24 
hours for y c behooffe of y e sherriffe who or any oyr will 
sue for y e same 

It is further Resolved that a proclamation be Issued to 
prohibit y Retailing of strong Lyquor without licence 
from Mr Mayor upon penalty of forfeiting such sume of 
money as y e act of generall assembly directs 

November 23, 1706. It is Resolved by y e Common- 
alty that y e first and Second WarHp of this Citty doe 
give orders to y e severall Constables of y e s (1 wards that 
they give notice to y e Inhabitants thereof to appear Viz 



The City Records. 143 

y Inhabitants of y c first warde at y r Citty hall & y e In- 
habitants of ye 2 d warde at y Burger blockhouse on y e 25th 
Instant being monday at 3 a Clock in y e afternoon where 
y" Inhabitants of Each Respective warde as afores d may 
make Choice of two assessors for Each warde. 

December 7, 1706. It is Resolved that y following 
persones be appointed fyremasters for y c Ensuring year 
untill y e 19th of octobr next Viz 1 William hogan An- 
thony Coster william Jacobse Jobs Claese Jan Evertse 
& Jacobus Schuyler who are to vew y Chimneys where 
fyres kept within this City and oyr Inconvenient places 
once in Each 14 night & where they find Chimneys Ex- 
traordinary foull to fine y e ouner in y e sume of three 
shillings & where fyres kept in unconvenient places dan- 
gerous to take fyre, to cause such fireplace to be broak 
dourie. 

N B Johannis d wandalaer is appointed waymaster in 
stead of Jacobus Schuyler dec d 

Resolved that Public notice be given that all persons 
that have any accts with ys Citty that they give in there 
accts to y c Citty Treasurer on or before y c 14 Instant 

It is Resolved that y e following assisse be made of bread 
Viz 1 that one pound neet weight of fine flower Bread 
shall be sold for Six stuyvers or H{jd and Eight & half 
pound like weight bread Bake as y meel comes from y* 
mile for 9d and Eight pound like weight bread made of 
Course flowr for 9d or four pound for four pence half 
penny 

Ordered that a proclamation be made & to publish the 
said assise on monday y 6 9th Instant declaring that how- 
ever person as shall bake and dispose of a less weight as 
lii-re Resolved shall forfeit all such bread found by such 
bakers under that weight In case any Baker or Bakers 
doe take a greater price for such bread shall forfeit for 
Each loaf so sould y e sume of Six shillings which forfeits 
shall be sued for by y c Clarke of y e market for y c mayor 
alderman Comonalty to y c behooffe y e S d Citty 

This meeting adjourned till y 14th Instant at 4 a clock 
in y c afternoon 



144 The City Records. 

December J4, 1706. It is Resolved that a Tax be 
layed on y e Inhabitants and freeholders of y e Citty of al- 
bany to Raise thirty pounds towards y e Repairing y c Citty 
walls & y e Blockhouse of y e s' 1 Citty to which End y l 
warrts be Issued to y e assessors of y e s d Citty to make 
an Estimate thereof & Return y e same to y e Clarks office 
on or before y e 18th Instant deer 

It is further Resolved y 1 y e quantity of six hundred and 
fifty Stockadoes and three hundred load of fyre wood be 
Ride this winter for y e fortifying of y e s d Citty & for fyre. 
wood to y e guardhouse thereof which wood is to be of 
good dry pine or oak & to be Ride on half before pmo 
Janr next & y e oyr half before y e I5tli of y e s d Janr as 
also y e stockadoes which are to be of good yellow pine 
13 foot long and a foot thick at y e small End ordered 
that warrts be given to y e s d assessors to lay an assess- 
em 1 on y e s d Inhabitants for y e said wood and stockadoes 
& make Return thereof at y e Clarkes office on or before 
y e 18th of this Instant, assessors Hendk hansen Wessel 
tenbrook william vanale Coonradt ten Eyk harp 1 Jacobse 
& Elbert gerretse 

December 26, 1706. Pursuant to y e Resolution in 
Common Councill on y e 14 Instant The assessors of this 
Citty have Returned an Estimate of y e S d Citty amounting 
to about 25486 guilders as also y e assessment for 300 load 
of fyre wood & 650 Citty stockadoes which is approved 
of and laid one half penny on y e the pound which doth 
amount to 32: 5s ordered that warrants be given to 
Anthony bratt Treasurer for y Collecting of y e s d money 
on or before y e fifteenth Jany next & that notice also 
given by ye Constables of y e s d Citty to y e severall In- 
habitants according y e s d assessment that they Ride one 
half of their quota of fyrewood to y e burger blockhouse 
on or before pmo Janr next & y e oyr half with their 
quota of stockadoes on or before y e s d 15th of Janr next 
Ensuing, Viz 1 The Inhabitants of y e first & second ward< 
are to lodge their quotas of stockadoes by y 6 hill & y e In- 
habitants of y e third warde to lodge their quotaes within 
y 6 stockadoes at y e Riverside upon penalty of forfeiting 



The City Records. 145 

for Each stockadoc as shall be neglected to be Ride on 
or before y c time afores d appointed y" summe of six shil- 
lings for y e behooffe of y c Citty which s d stockadoe so to 
be Ride are to be produced to any one Justice of the 
peace in y c Respective wards to which they belong before 
he unload the said stockadoes 

Att a Meeting of y" Mayor Record aldermen & Com- 
onalty of y e Citty of albany in y Citty hall of albany 
the 28th of January 170^ -.Present David Schuyler 
Mayr Johs abeel Record Evert Banker Hendk ban- 
sen Johs Roseboom Johs Cuyler frans whine Thomas 
Williams aldm Dirk Vanclerheyden Conradt tenEyk 
Daniel Ketelheyn assistants 

Whereas by ordr of y 6 mayr it has been Published 
Round ys Citty that who Ever person or persones as have 
y^ s d Cittys leathers & hooks in possession they bring or 
cause y c same to be brought to y e side of y c Church 
where they usually are kept in obedience thereof y e s d 
leathers and hooks are not brought up It is therefore 
Resolved that orders be given to y e fyremasters & y 6 
Constables of y" s d Citty that Each in Respective warde 
doe goe Round and Search for y e S d leathers & hooks & 
wherever found y e ouner or Inhabitant of such house & 
Lott where found to be find in y summe of Six shillings 
for y e behooffe of y c s d fyremasters & Constables and 
such leathers so found to be behinde y c Church and if 
need Requires to be repaired at y e Cities Costs 

The Petition of David Ketelheyn & Eleven other Per- 
sons Relating land at Shaahtekook is Referrd till further 
Consideration 

In the mean time Mr abeel Cap 1 Banker* & Mr John 
Cuyler are appointed to Desyre a vew of the sarachtoge 
patent as soon as Majr Wesels Comes to toune 

Whereas this Meetng is highly Sencible how Irregular 
the toune guards of this Citty are kept their being held 
but one guard noe Sentry sett out nor Rounds gone So 
that for y Safety and Security of the Same the mayr 
Record aldermen & Comonalty doe Resolve that Emme- 
diat Information hereof be given to Col P schuyler to y e 



146 The City Records. 

End that he may order y c guards to be held and y e neces- 
sary decipline used for y c better Security & Defence of 
this her majes fronteers 

Whereas y e Proclamation against driving of horses in 
slees &c Issued on y 6 29th of Janr 170f will be Ex- 
pired tomorrow in consideration thereof it is Resolved 
and thought Requisite that y e Same be Renewed and 
Publishd tomorrow that no person or persones shall 
drive any horse or horses Either before slee waggon Cart 
or Ride under y e man upon y e streets within this Citty 
faster than on a Stept or a verry moderate trot upon pe- 
nalty of forfeiting y e summe of Six shillings for Each 
offence as also that wherever any dung is turnd out on 
y 6 streets of this s d Citty and found thereon on Saturday 
in y e week that such person or persones so found guilty 
shall forfeit as fine y e summe of fifteen shillings for each 
offence which fines are for y e BehoofFe of the sherriffe or 
such as shall Sue for y e same 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty hall of albany 
y e 21 of feby 170^: Present David Schuyler Mayr 
John abeel Record Evert Banker Hendk hansen 
Johs Roseboom Johs Cuyler Thos williams aldm 
Dirk Vanderheyden abraham Cuyler Gerrit Rose- 
boom Johs D Wandelaer Jr Danl Ketelheyn 
The Petition of Johs harmense Viscker whereby he de- 
syres that five foot of ground Breath & y e lenth of his 
Lott on y c north side thereof may be sold to him is Re- 
ferrd to Mr Hendk hansen Johs Cuyler <fc Tho Williams 
and to Dirk Vanderheyden & Johs D Wandelaer assist- 
ants who are appointed a Committee to vew the ground 
& to Enquire what Right or title the Commonalty have 
to y e same and whether y e same if built upon may not 
be prejudicial to y e Citty walls, & to make Return 
thereof in Common Councill on y e 25th Instant 

February 25, 170f . The Gentn Committee appoynted 
on y e 21st Instant to vew y e ground adjoining on y e north 
side of y e lott of Johs harmense Scituate on y e west side 



The City Records. 147 

of y* Pearl street in ys Citty & to Enquire what Right 
or Title y e Commonality have to y e s' 1 ground and 
whither if built upon it may not be prejudiciall to y 
Citty walls, doe Return That they have Vewd y c s d 
ground and find no other title to y* 1 same but what y 
Citty have, & y l five foot of y e Said ground may be dis- 
posed of without prejudice to y c Citty walls, provided it 
lines from y e front westward to y e gate of Mr Johs Rose- 
boom y l leads into his yard on y c north side 

The above report is approved of by y" majority of y e 
Commonalty who are of opinion that y e same maybe sold 
Whereupon Johannis harmense is called in Common 
Council! and to him sold five foot of ground adjoining on 
y c north side of his s d Lott beginning at y e front on a 
Right line with his house Containing y c same breath of 
five foot westward by y 6 s d Lott of y s d Johs harmense 
y e lenth thereof being Eight Rodd & five foot Rynlands 
measure provided y c s d Johs harmense builds thereon & 
oyr his ground a Syde house of twenty four foot wide & 
to line his fence from y e north west corner of y e S d house 
when built to y 6 north west Corner of his stable & not 
otherwise untill y e Citty stockadoes be sett out farther 
to y e north for which five foot of ground in manner as 
aforesaid y e s d Johs harmense doth promise to pay 15 
on or before y c 2 d augs 1 next Ensueing as also to pay y e 
Charges for drawing ye Release &c which shall be de- 
red him he giving Security for y e true paym 1 of y e 
said summe of money in y e time aforesaid 

Att a Meeting of y e Mayr Record aldm and Common- 
alty in y e Citty of alby y e 28th of fcbruary 170^: 
Present David Schuyler Mayr John abeel Record 
Evert Banker Hendk hansen Johans Roseboom Jo- 
hans Cuyler frans winne Thomas Williams aldm 
Dirk V drheyden gcrrit Roseboom Conraet ten Eyk 
Danl Ketelheyn Johs D Wandelaer Jr abrah Cuyler 
assists 

Whereas y e Commonalty have Lately Resolved to Send 
to Mashahacs and other Indian owners of y c land & 



148 The City Records. 

woodland Caled Shaaktekook to y e End that y e Comon- 
alty might agree & purchase the same for y e Behoofe of 
ys Citty in order thereto y S d Indians doe here appear. 
Viz 1 Mashahaes & machatawe who after Some time Spent 
in making aft agreem 1 the said Mashahaes & machatawe 
for themselves & on y e behalfe of Caemskaek aesiah 
quauch Jan Coneel Schachaempe Tassawampe and ahan- 
towanit Indian owners and native proprietors of y c s d 
lands & woodlands have sold & transported y" s d lands 
Scituate on y e East side of hudsons River above y e half- 
moon commonly caled Schaahkook is bounded on y e west 
side by y e S d River on y e south side by y e bounds of 
Eghb 1 Teunise & Barent albertse bratt & Runns north- 
warde along the said River side to y e End of two miles 
from schaahkooks Creek and stricks from thence into y e 
woods by an East line twelve miles and on the south side 
by a south east line 14 miles or so much further that y c line 
on y e East side doth Comprehend and take in y e third Car- 
ryeing place on y Said Schaahkooks creek which Car- 
ryeing place is the outmost bounds of S d shaahkook lands 
Eastward as by Conveyance bearing Even date herewith 
may more fully appear, wherefore is yet to be paid in 
June next unto ye S d mashahaes &c 2 blankets, 12 duffel 
coats, 20 Shirts 2 guns, twelve pounds pouder, 36 pounds 
of Lead, 8 gallons Rom, 2 Casks Beer, 2 Rolls Tobacca, 
10 gallons medera wine, & some pypes, and moreover 
yearly to be paid & delivered unto y e s d Indian masha- 
haes or his heirs in y e month off octobr dureing the space 
of tenn years commencing from ys day 1 Blanket 1 shirt 
1 pair Stockings 1 Lapp 1 kegg of Rom 3 pounds pouder 
6 pounds Lead 12 pounds Tobacco and that a. writteing 
shall be given to y e s d Mashahaes for about 12 acres of 
Low Land on Shaahkook at Such place as y e Common- 
alty shall lay it out & that y e same must be Laid & kept 
in fence at y e Charge of ys Citty on occasion so that y e 
s d mashahaes & his heirs may Cultivate & make use 
thereof for Ever & none other by his or there meanes, 
unleese he 'or they Shall first have disposed of this previ- 
ledge unto y e Mayr Record aldermen and Commonalty 



The City Records. J49 

for y e behooffe of ye S d Citty which writteings is as 
followeth, Viz 1 : 

MKMORANDUM. That upon y c Purchase of y Lands & 
woodlands Sold by y e Indian Mashahaes c to y e Mayor 
Record aldermen and Comonalty Caled Shaahkook it is 
agreed that about twelve acres of y 6 Said Lands being 
of the Low Land at Such Place as y c Comonalty Shall 
Lay it out, must be kept in fence at f Costs of ys Citty 
on occasion, So that y e Said Mashahaes and his heirs 
may Cultivate and make use thereof for Ever, and noe 
other person by his or their meanes unlesse he or they 
shall first have disposed of thjs Previledge unto y e said 
Mayor Record aldermen & Comonalty for the behooffe 
of y c Said Citty witness our hands in albany this 28th 
of feby Ao D 170$ 

Johans Roseboom David Schuyler 

Abraham Cuyler John abeel 

Dirk Vanderheyden Evert Banker 

Gerrit Roseboom Hendk hansen 

Daniel Ketelhej-n Johans Cuyler 
Johs D Wandelaer Junr frans winne 

Coonraet ten Eyk Thomas williams 



Att a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of albany 
the 12th of March 170^: Present David Schuyler 
Esqr Mayr John Cuyler Hendk Hansen Johs Rose- 
boom ffrance Winne Thos Williams aldm, Abraham 
Cuyler Gerritt Roseboom Derrick V. d: Heyden 
Koenraet Ten Eyke Joh: De Wandelaer Daniele 
Kettelhuyn assist: 

Pursuant to an order in Common Councill on the llth 
of Novernbr Last Joh Cuyler Tho Williams aldermen 
with Coenraet Ten Eyk assistance Doe Report that they 
have Enquired unto the List of the Retailers of Strong 
Liquors of the Citty & County of alby agreed by Joh 
Schuyler when Mayr for the last year Viz 1 from the 14th 
day of octobr 1705 To the 14th day of octobr 1706 Con- 



J50 The City Records. 

sisting in 38 persons which being paid Excep 1 These 

following 

Evert Wendel Junr Stands Charged 0: 5: 6 Denyod to pay 

Joh Luykasse 0:6:0 Promised to pay 

Nicolas Bleeker 0:5:0 Denyed 

Jacob Teunisse 0:3:0 promised 

Thos Noble 0:5:6 promised 

SalomonjVan Vechten 0:3:0 promised 

Bartholome Pickard 0:6:0 

Charles Borne 0:6:0 Denyed 

A itie Beeke 0:6:0 Denyed 

In all 2: 6:0 

Which Report is approved of in Common Couricill 
Daniel Kettelhuyn Moves in Common Councill for a 
Certain Lott of ground adjoining to his Said Lott without 
the North gate Now in occupation of wouter quackenbos 
Junr which is granted by the s d Commonalty to the Said 
Daniel Kettelhuyn for the sume of three pounds twelve 
Shill, as also Charges for Drawing the Release &c which 
Ground is to Joyne to the South of the ground that he 
had Conveyed to Derrick Takelse and that the same be 
Conveyed as an additional to the other ground unto him 
the said Derrick Takelse the same being first Regularly 
measured by the Common Councill 

Its Resolved that a Certain Proclamation Relating the 
Transportation of flower wheat peas & beer &c Issued 
on the 8th day of octobr 1706 be Anulled and that the 
Same be published accordingly 

April 19, 1707. The Petition of william and Catha- 
rine appel being Read it is Resolved that a Committie be 
appointed to vew y e minutes of y e Commonalty what 
from time to time hath been ordred & proceeded, Rela- 
ting to what he thereby setts forth & that that Committie 
doe make Return in Comonalty y e 22 d Instant, to which 
end is appointed Committie John abeel Hendk hansen 
Esqrs abraham Cuyler & Johans Roseboom Esqrs & Johs 
D Wandelaer Junior & Dirk vanderheyden 

April 23, 1707. Pursuant to y^ Resolution of Com- 
mon Councill on y 19th Instant the Committe then 



The City Records. 151 

appointed Doe Return y following Report to witt, Wee 
under written being by y e Mayr Record aldermen and 
Comonalty appointed a Committee to Enquire into y e 
Petition of William & Catharine appel Relating y break- 
ing doune of y house of adriaen appel dec d in feby 16^ doe 
fine that y e same hath been Removd by order of y Civill 
and military Majistrates of ys Citty but at y c Costs of y c 
Publick, are therefore of opinion y l a Reasonable Recoin- 
pence ought to be made for the said house by the govern- 
nent To which end in our opinion is the only way to lay 
;he Same before the next Generall meeting of assembly 
for ys Colony humbly Requesting that assembly to Raise 
fund to satisfy the Losses of the Severall houses then 
Removd 

was signed JOHN ABEEL 

HENDK HANSEN 

JOHANS ROSEBOOM 

ABRAHAM CUYLER 
Albany y c 21st aprill 1707 JOHS D WANDELAER 

Which Report being Read is approoved of and ordred 
that an addresse be draune accordingly to lay before the 
nextgenerall meeting of assembly & that the Mayor Re- 
cord Mr hansen & Mr Roseboom Esqrs, Gerr 1 Roseboom 
& Dirk vanderheyden or any three of them be present at 
y" drawing of y* s d Petition 

It is further Resolved that a proclamation be Issued 
that no person or persones shall buy or take in pand any 
Cloathing or any acuterments belonging to y p souldiers 
of this garrison upon penalty of forfeiting such fines as 
at y discretion of any Justice of the peace shall be 
amercd, & such Cloathing or acuterments to be Restord 
without Recompence or paym 1 of y e same, and that y c 
wood be Removed from y c streets of this Citty Except 
r wood, by y e ouners thereof before y first of may 
next Ensueing upon penalty of forfeiting the sume of six 
shillings for y c behooffe of the sherriffe who is to sue for 
the same 

It is further ordred that warning be given to y e way 
masters that they forthwith order the streets of this Citty 
to be cleared & y e water Courses opend by ye Inhabitants 
of y c Respective wards. 



152 The City Records. 

It is further ordred that in y c above Proclamation it be 
Inserted that such hogs are not sufficiently Ringd so that 
they can doe noe damage in Rooting up y e ground it shall 
& may be lawful for any person or persones whatsoever 
to seize upon such hog or hogs for his or there behooffe 



Att a Mayors Court held in the Citty hall the 6 day 
of may 1707. Present David Schuyler Esqr Mayr. 
Hend Hansen Johs Cuyler Johs Roseboom Thomas 
williams aldermen 

After y l y 6 Court was opend RoV Livingston Clark of 
this Citty acquainted y e Mayr & aldermen^ 1 he had now 
been Clerk of this Town from y e year 1675 & so Contin- 
ued by virtue of y c governours Commission & y e Com- 
mission of his late Majs 1 K: wm of glorious memory & 
Confirmd by her psent Majesty queen Anne, y l he had 
Employed his nephew R r Livingston Junr for 13 years 
Past to be his Deputy by virtue of his said Commission, 
y l now having his son Philip come to age was designd 
to put him in as his Deputy whom he hoped would be 
acceptable to y c Court & as shall assure y 6 Gentn when 
he was in Toun he would Constantly attend at all of there 
meetings & assist with his advise to y c utmost of his 
Pouer, both at y c Mayors Court & at y e Common Councill 
Whereupon y e Mayr & aldermen accepted the S d Ph: 
Livingston as Deputy of y e S d R l Livingston his Father, 
& orderd it to be Entred in y minutes accordingly, & y 1 
he should take his oath as Deputy Clerk, in gen Court 
which he did & y e oath is as follows 

Whereas yu are appointed Deputy Clerk of this Court 
you doe Swear by y e Everliving god y 1 yu will Faithfully 
& diligently pform y e S d office to y e best of yr skill & 
understanding y 1 y e Secrets of y e Court & Common Coun- 
cill you will keep, together with y e Books & Records of 
y e Citty yu will faithfully keep & deliver true Copies of 
Such Records as are proper to be Delivered; So help 
yu god 

Whereupon y Court adjourned till this day fortnight 



The City Records. 153 

This following Proclamation was Publis'd this 6th of 
may 1707 

By the worshipfull Mayor aldermen & Commonality 
of the Citty of Albany 

.A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas Severall Persons for their Private Lucre & 
gain doe buy & take in Paun, of The Souldiers of her 
majts Establishd Companys in this garrison, their cloath- 
ing & acutrements, by wh means they are Rendred inca- 
pable of Doing their duty, & are often inveigled to drink 
to Excesse, we doe therefore hereby Strictly Prohibite 
y c buying, Receiveing, or detaining, any Cloathing or 
acutrements belonging to any Souldier or Souldiers of 
this garrison, & if any Citizen Inhabitant, or Sojourner of 
this Citty doe after y c Publication hereof, Persume to 
by or take in Paun, any such Cloathing & acutrements, 
of any Souldier upon due Prooff thereof before any of 
her majs Justices of y c Peace, such Person or Persong 
Shall be find & amersd at y e discretion of Such Justice 
before whom is Convict, & Cloathes & acutrements to be 
Restored without Recompence or Payment 

The Inhabitants are also warned by these Presents to 
Remove their firewood from y p Streets, & to Pile up their, 
timber, for building, according to y e former Practice in 
y e Space of eight days, upon y c forfeiture of Six Shillings 
for y c behooff of y c Sheriffe, who is to take care y l this 
order be duly Executed 

And whereas y" water courses throw y c Streets of this 
Citty are much decayd Particularly y l in y e Jonker Street, 
between y e hill & y e Church, y e overseers of y e highways 
of this Citty are hereby orderd & directed, forthwith to 
take care y l y Same be-Cleerd opend, by y e Inhabit- 
ants of each Respective ward. 

An whereas notice has been given for y e Ringing y* 
hogs of this Citty, to Prevent their Roating upy e grasse 
notwithstanding wh Diverse have neglected or Refused 
to Ring ym by wh great Dammage doth Insue, it is 
therefore hereby ordered, by y e mayor aldermen and 
Commonality aforesaid, y l hence forth it shall & maybe 
13 



154 The City Records. 

Lawful for any Person or Persons to Seize upon Such 
hogs not Ring'd for his or thir use, benefit &behooffe, as 
a forfeiter for their masters neglect, given at y e Citty hall 
of albany this 2 d day of may in y e 6th year of her majs 
Raign Ano. Do. 1707 
God Save the queen 

Att a Common Council held in the Citty hall of albany 
the 12th of may 1707: Present David Schuyler 
mayr Evert Banker Hendk Hanse Jobs Roseboom 
Johs Cuyler Tho: Williams aldern: Gerrit Rose- 
boom Daniel Ketelhuyn Johs D Wandlaer Junr 
Coenraet Ten Eyk Ab : Cuyler assts 
It is Resolved by y e Common councill that the Sher- 
riff of this Citty, Shall gett man to Cleer the water 
Corses, high ways, & Brigges, of this Citty upon the 
Charge of the same 

It is further Resolved y* such persons as yet have not 
Ride there Stockadoes & fyre wood must Ride y e Same 
before 26th may Next Ensueing & to give notice thereof 
by y c Cryer 

May 20, 1707. Whereas the Comon Councill do find 
by fatal experience y l Severall of y e Inhabitants of y e 
Citty & County of albany do daily Encroach upon ye 
liberty and Priviledges of y e S d Citty by trading without 
the Stockadoes <f j" S (l Citty Craftily & Clandestiniy 
with Severe Indians keeping Indian goods and mer- 
chandizes in their houses at distance from y e S d Citty 
for the better Conveniency of Such their unlawful trade 
in open oposition and defyance of y e right Priviledges & 
directions of the Charter of the S d Citty to y e Publick and 
manifest Injury of y e Creditt and Common benifitt of the 
S d Citty, and whereas they are of opinion that Such In- 
dian trade by virtue of the S d Charter holy & Solely 
aught to be managed within the Stockadoes of y e S d 
Citty by the Inhabitants hereof, and by no Person or 
Persons whosoever without the Same, Yet notwithstand- 
ing there being Severall persons who daily continue to 
use y e aforesaid irregular & unlawful trade, the Comon 






The City Records. 155 

Councill being willing that no man Should think himself 
oppressed or Injured by them in any thing relating to y e 
Pivmisst's, that Even to Such persons might seem Con- 
trary to Law Resolve y l Roger Mompesson Esqr Chief 
Justice of y c Province of new yorke be asked his opinion 
whether by virtue of the Said Charter the Mayor Re- 
corder & aldermen Jointly or Sevelrally may grant Spe- 
ciall warrants under their hands & Seals, to Search the 
houses of Such Persons, Suspected for concealing Such 
Indian goods or with other warrant Relating to the S d 
trade & that Hend: Hanse & Francis winne Esqrs now 
Repaircing to new york waite \m the Chief Justice for 
his opinion under his hand directing the Same and y l the 
Charges mr. Hanse & mr. winne aforesaid may be at in 
obeying y c Chief Justices opinion be paid by the Corpo- 
ration of albany 

June 20, 1707. Pursuant to an act of Gcnll assembly 
Entitled a Bill to Enable the mayor Record aldermen & 
Comonality of the Citty of albany for the time being to 
raisu moneys for Defraying their Publick & necessary 
Charges annually Published in new york the 21st October 
1700 It is ordred by the mayor aldermen & Common 
Councill that the Summ of Sixty pounds be Rassed by a 
Tax upon the Freholders inhabitants Residents & So- 
journers of and in the S d Citty & y l the mayor or Re- 
corder doe Issue his warrants to the assessors in this 
Citty to make Such asscssement and Return the same 
unto the mayor or Record in the Space of Eight days 
next Ensuring as also that a warrant be I.ssued to the 
Collector of the S d Citty to Collect and pay the same 
unto the citty Treasurer at or before the first day of aug 1 
next Ensueing 

Resolved by the mayor aldermen & Commonalty of the 
Citty of albany for filling up the Church yard of the S d 
Citty that the aldermen & assistance in their Respective 
ward for wh: they are Chozen doe inquire by all and 
every the Freeholders & inhabitants thereof for the 
volontary Contribution for filling up the Church yard. 

An 1 that Mr Mayor doth Desyre the Justices in the 



156 The City Records. 

County to Enquire each in his or their Respective ward 
or precinct in the Said County for the same Matter, and 
that Return be made to Mr Mayor on or before the Last 
day of this Instant June 

June 27, 1707. Upon the Request of Antho. Bradt 
Saexton to the Common Council!, y l he may have the 
liberty henceforth to cut the grase in y e burring Place 
for his benefit, the Commonalty Considering the Same 
doe grant liberty accordingly till further orders. Pro- 
vided that when the fence thereof is out of Repair y l he 
is to give Knowledge to the owners thereof, y l y e Same 
be kept in good Repair. 

By the worshipfull mayor aldermen and Commonalty 
of the Citty of albany 

A PROCLAMATION. 

Whereas Complaints are made that the want of a Pro- 
clamation Relating Indian trade is a great grievance to 
Severall Inhabitants of ys Citty whose Dealings depend 
most thereon when regular rules & Proclamations in that 
behalfe are made & provided wee doe therefore hereby 
in her majes queen ami's name publish & declare that no 
person or persons whatsoever within this citty Shall upon 
the arrivall of any Indian or Indians addresse themselfs 
nor Speak to them nor shall Entice them within or with- 
out the gates of y e S d Citty by Signs or otherwise how- 
soever to trade with themselfs or any other persones, 
being thereof Convicted by Evidence of y Sherriff his 
deputy or deputys or any other Persones. Shall forfeit 
and pay as a fine for Each Such offence if Committed 
without the gates of the Said Citty the Surnm of three 
Pounds, if within y e Same y e Summ of Six Shillings 
one third for y e behoofe of y e mayor aldm: & Common- 
alty of y e S d Citty & two thirds for y e Sheriff or any 
other person who shall Sue for the Same before y e mayors 
Court of y e S d Citty 

That no person or persones within this Citty Shall 
presume to take any Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes 
(Sachems Excepted when come about Public affaires to 



es 





The City Records. 157 

treat with his Excell: y 6 governr or y 6 Commissioner* 
appointed for ye Indian affairs) into their house with 
pack or packs of beaver or peltry upon pain & penalty 
of paying as a fine being Convicted as afores d for Each 
Indian or Squae three Pounds for y behooffe and to be 
Sued as afores d y 6 Indian or Indians Squac or Squaes 
with their pack or Packs Immediately to depart out of 
y c house without Trading directly or Indirectly upon pe- 
nalty of forfeiting as a fine for Every hour they Shall 
Stay long into y e house y c Sume of three pounds for y e 
behooffe and to be Sued as aforesaid 

That no person or persones whatsoever within ys Citty 
shall Send out or make use of any Broakcrs whither 
Christians and Indians in the managem 1 of the Indian 
trade upon pain penalty of forfeiting a fine of three 
pounds for Each Such offence for y c behooffe off & to be 
Sued as afores d . 

That no person or persones whatsoever within this 
Citty doe presume to trade or traffique with or by any 
means whatsoever directly or indirectly or Intice any In- 
dian or Indians so to doe or give any gifts upon Sabath 
day upon pain & penalty of forfeiting such goods so traded 
for as aforesaid as also upon pain & penalty of paying 
as a fine for each offence the sume of three pounds for 
the behooffe of such person as shall sue for y e Same & 
that this order shall be the more punctually observed 
it is ordred that the Constables of this Citty by turns on 
the sabath day do walk the streets with their Staffs in 
there hands to prevent the breach of the lords day & to 
hinder all manner of irregularityes whatsoever upon pe- 
nalty of Six Shillings 

That no person or persons shall with there wagon or 
wagons Cart or Carts horse or horses drive or Ride any 
Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes within tenn Rodd of 
the Citty Stockadoes of forfeiting the sumni of three 
pounds for Each such offence further if it can be proved 
y l y e wagoner shall have accepted or Received from any 
Christian y c hyre for Driveing or Ryding any Indian or 
Indians Squae or Squaes the which being made appear 
y*-' wagoner & Such other Christian as shall have offered 



158 The City Records. 

or given such hyre Shall Each forfeit as a fine the Sume 
of three pounds for Each such offence 

That in Case any person or persons haveing Com- 
mitted any Such offence as before mentioned, and the 
sheriffe his Deputy or Deputys or any other Person or 
Persones shall on his and there owne accord have Con- 
tracted agree and made up the matter with such offender 
or with any body else by there means for a lesse sume 
of money then the fine or fines specifyed as aforesaid he 
or they being thereof Convicted by one or more Evidences 
shall forfeit as a fine y e Sume of Term Pounds for y e be- 
hooffe of mayr Recordr aldn & Commonalty who are to 
appoint one Person to Sue for the same 

This Proclamation is to Continue in force dureing 
the space of one full year Ensueing the date hereof pro- 
vided that all Indians & Squaes are hereby allowed to be 
admitted into any persons house within this Citty from 
pmo novemr next untill pmo aprill then next following 
given in albany this 17th day of June an in the Sixth 
year of her majs Reign Ao. Do. 1707 

God Save the Queen 

June 19, 1707. After the Reading of a Petition from 
Severall Inhabitants of this Citty it is Resolved by y e 
mayor aldn & Commonalty that y e following Clause be 
added to the Proclamation Issued the 17th Instant Re- 
lating Indian trade Viz 1 

That the River Indians & all other Indians or Squaes 
which shall come down hudsons River & also them that 
shall come up y e S d River are free admitted into any per- 
sons house within this Citty with their Pack or Packs 
upon their own accord & not to be Inticed by signs or 
other wise upon pain & penalty & paying as a fine as in 
y e Proclamation Issued the 17th Instant setts forth given 
in albany this 19th day of June an in the Sixth year of 
her majs Reign ao Do 1707 

god Save the Queen 

Whereas it is by act of assembly of this Province 
Enacted y l upon y e death or Removal of any assessor 



The City Records. 159 

out of his ward or Precinct five justices of y c Peace are 
directed by warrant under their hands & seals to nominat 
and appoint an oyr assessor in ye Room & stead of him 
y l is so Removed, & whereas Barent Staets was Chosen 
assessor for y first ward of this Citty who is removed 
with his family to h e hoge Berg in y c manner of Rense- 
Jarrvvykwe have therefore thought fit in y c Room & stead 
of y c S d Barent Staets to nominate & appoint Harmanus 
wendel to be assessor for y e first ward of this Citty for 
y Ensueing year, who is hereby requiredto take his oath 
& to Proceed to y e S d office accordingly given under our 
hands & seals in albany this 23 of June 1707 



DAVID SCHUYLER 
JOBS CUYLKR 
JOHANNIS ROSKBOOM 
THOS WILLIAMS 



L. s. 

L. S. 
L. S. 
L. S- 
L. S. 



JOHANNIS MINGAKL 
And y Safd Harmanus Wendel was accordingly Sworn 
by Rob 1 Livingston one of her majes Justices of y c Peace 
of this Citty & County to Execute y c S d office of assessor 
of y e first ward of this Citty for y e Ensueing year with- 
out favor or affection, malice or hatred. 

July 3, 1707. Pursuant-to the Resolution in Common 
Council on the 10th of June Last The assessors of y e 
Citty have Returnd an Estimate of this Citty amounting 
to 13083 which is approved of & Laid 4 Stuyvers in 
wampum on the Pound which amounts to 65: 3: 3^ & 
ordred y l a warrant be given to antho Bradt Treasurer 
for the Collecting of y e S d money on or before the first 
day of august next Ensueing 

Att a mayor Court held in the Citty hall of albany 
this 15th day of June 1707: Present David Schuy- 
ler mayor John Abeel Recordr Evert Banker Tho: 
Williams Johs Cuyler Hendk Hansen Frans winne 
Johs Roseboom aldm: 

Henry Holland Plente: by John Collins his atturny 
who appears for him 
John Lansing Senr. Defend 1 , appears 



160 The City Records. 

The Plentives Declaration being Read & is as follow- 
ing Viz 4 : 

Citty of albany ss. 

Anno Regni anne angl & nunc Regnina Sexto 
Henry holland Esq. high Sherrif of y e S d Citty Com- 
plains ag l . John Lansing Sen. of y c Same Place merch 1 
of an action upon y c Case & thereupony e S d Henry Hol- 
land by John Collins his atturney Says y l y e S d John 
Lansing not Ignorant of y e Laws & ordinances of y e S d 
Citty but in open Defiance of & in Direct oposition of y* 
Laws of y c Same, did on y e 28th of Jun? Last past apply 
himself & Spoke to an Indian with a pack without y c 
Stockadoes of y'' S d Citty within y e Jurisdiction of this 
Court by wh violation of y e Laws of y e S d Citty y e S d 
Lansing is become Lyable to pay to y e S d Henry holland 
& Justly Indebted y" Summe of three Pounds for y e usess 
behoofs & Purposess as by y & S d Laws Directed which 
y G S d Lansing, to y e S d Henry Holland thd often there- 
upon y e S d henry holland Says y 1 he is worse & hath 
Damage three Pounds & thereupon brings this Sute 

John Collins. 

John Collins atturney for y e Plent 6 moves for Costs of 
Suite for y e Defend 1 not Entering his Plea The Court 
takeing y c Same into Consideration ordred y c Defend 1 to 
Pay Costs of Suite of this Court & to Enter his Plea 

And the Defend 1 in his own Proper Person appears & 
Defends the force & Injury when & where &c. and for 
Plea Saith y 1 he is not indebted to the Plente in manner 
& forme as in y e S d Declaration is Set forth and there- 
upon puts himself upon his Country 

John Lansingh 

John Kidnie Sworn as a witness & Says y l he did hear 
y e Dend 1 Speak to an Indian without the gates of this 
Citty 

The Jury being Calld Viz 1 
Jan Evertse Hendk Ten Eyk 

Johs D wandlaer Claes Luykasse 

Gysbert marcelis Abraham Kipp 

warnaer Carstense Samuel Prun 

Elbert Geriitse Evert Janzen 

Casper van hoese Harmanus Wendel 



The City Records. 161 

The Juroe Sworn 

The Jury are sent out for a Vdict. The Jury doe Re- 
turn & give in their Vdict find it for the Defend 1 

Elbert gcrritse forman 

Which the Court do aprove off and order that y e 
Charges of y e Juroe be Paid by y e Plentive 

Henry Holland Plentive by John Collins his atturncy 
who appears for him 

John Lansing Senr. Defend 1 appears 

The Plentives Declaration being Read is as follows 
Viz 1 

Citty of alb ss 

Anno Regni anne Angl &c. nunc Regnia Sexto 

Henry Holland Esq. high Sherriff of y e Said Citty 
Complains against John Lansing Senior of y p Same Place 
merch 1 of an action upon the Case & thereupon y e S d 
Henry Holland by John Collins his attorney Says that 
the Said John Lansing not Ignorant of the Laws ordi- 
nances of y c Said Citty but in open Defiance of in 
Direct oposition to the Laws of y e Same on the 7th day 
of this Instant July applycd himself Spoke to an In- 
dian with a Pack without the Stockadoes of y Said Citty 
within the Jurisdiction of y e Court by which violation of 
the Laws of Said Citty the Said John Lansing is become 
Lyable to pay to the S d Henry Holland & Justly Indebted 
y e Sume of three Pounds for y c usess behoofes & pur- 
posess-as by the Said Laws directed wh the Said Lansing 
to y e Said Henry Holland tho often thereto Required 
Refused to pay and the same still doth refuse to pay where- 
upon y c Said Henry Holland Saves y l he is worse hath 
Damage three Pounds & thereupon he brings this Suite 

John Collins 

John Collins atturney for Plent : moves for Costs of 
Suite for y Defend 1 not Entring his Plea. The Court 
takeiug the Same into Consideration ordred y e Defend 1 
to pay Costs of Suite of this Court & to Enter his Plea 

And the Defend 1 in his own Proper Person appears & 
Defends the force Injury where c. and for his Pica 
Saith that he is not indebted to y c Plent c in manner & 



162 The City Records. 

form as in the S d Declaration is Sett forth & thereupon 
puts himself upon his Country 

John Lansing 

This action is Referred till next Court to be held this 
day fourthnigrht 

The action is made off between the Partys 



Att a Meeting of the Comon Councill held in y e Citty 
hall of albanythis 14th day of July 1707: Pre- 
sent David Schuyler Esqr inayr. Evert Banker 
Thos : williams Johs Roseboom Johs Cuyler Hendk 
Hansen Frans winne aldm. Dirk van Derheyden 
Coonraet Ten Eyk Gerrit Roseboom Daniell Ketel- 
huyn Johs D waridlaer Abraham Cuyler assistants 
Whereas Complaints are made that some articles in 
y e Proclamation Relating y e Indian trade Issued y e 17th 
of June last past, are an a grievons to y e Inhabtants of 
y e S d Citty. it is Resolved by y e mayor aldermen & Com- 
onalty afores d y l y e S d Proclamation is hereby annulled 
(Provided y l y e fines already Committed are Excepted)' 
and in stead thereof, wee do Resolve & it is hereby Re- 
solved in her majes queen ann's name Publish & Declare 
That no Person or Persons whatsoever within this citty 
upon y e arrivall of any of y e four nations of Indian or In- 
dians Squae or Squaes Called Sinnekus, Cayouges onnon- 
dages, & onneydes, comeing down Schnectady road shall 
address themselfs to any of them or Speak to ym or Entice 
ym without y e gates of y e S d Citty by signs or otherwise 
howsoever to trade with them Selfs or any other Persons 
being Convicted thereof by y e Evidence of y e Sherrif or 
any other person or persons shall forfeit & pay as a fine for 
Each Such offence y e Sum of thirty Shillings one third 
for y e mayor aldermen & Comonalty of y e S d Citty afore- 
said, & two thirds for y' behooffe of y e Sherrif or any 
other Person or Persons who shall sue for y e Same be- 
fore any of her majes Justices of y e Peace within ys 
Citty 

That no person or persons within this Citty Shall Pre- 
sume to take any Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes of 
y e aforesaid four nations (Sachim only Excepted when 



The City Records. 163 

come about Public affairs, to treat with hisExcy: y e 
Govr or y c Commissrs appointed for y Indian affairs) 
into there house or houses with Pack or Packs of bever 
& Peltry upon Pain & Penalty & paying as a fine, being 
Convicted as aforesaid for Each Indian or Squae y Sum v 
of thirty Shillings for the behooffe off and to be Sued as 
aforesaid & y c Indian or Indians Squa'e or Squaes Imme- 
diately to Depart out of there house with there Pack or 
Packs of Bever & Peltry without Tradeing directly or in- 
directly upon pain & penalty & paying as a fine for Every 
hour they shall Stay into there house the Sum of thirty 
Shillings for y c behooffe off & to be sued as aforesaid 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty Send out or make use of any Brokers whither 
Christians or Indians in managcm 1 of y c Indian Trade 
upon pain & penalty of forfeiting as a fine y c Sum of 
thirty Shillings for Each such offence, for y c behooffe off 
and -to be sued as aforesaid 

That no person or persons whatsoever within this Citty 
doc presume to trade or trafique with or by any means 
whatsoever Directly or indirectly or Entice any Indian 
or Indians Squae or Squaes so to doe or give Gifts upon 
y c Sabbath upon Pain & penalty of forfeiting Such 
goods So *raded for as aforesaid, as also upon pain and 
penalty & paying as a fine for ^ach such 6ffence y e Sum of 
thirty Shillings for y 6 behoofe of Such Person or Persons 
as shall sue for y c Same, & y ! this order "shall be the 
more punctually observed it is ordred y l y Constables of 
this Citty by turns on y e Sabath day do walk y c Streets 
with their Staffs in their hands to prevent y e breach on 
y c Lords day & to hinder all manner of Irregularitys 
whatsoever upon pain & penalty of thirty Shillings 

That no person or persons shall with their wagon or 
wagons Cart or Carts horse or horses drive or Ride any 
Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes nearer to the S d Citty 
then y c Indian Burrying Place upon the hill being y e 
Second hill to the westward of y c S d Citty of forfeiting 
y c Sum of thirty Shillings for each Such offence, & if it 
can be proved y l y c wagoner shall have accepted or Re- 
ceived from any Christian y^ hyre for Ryding or Driveing 



164 The City Records. 

any Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes the being made 
appear y 8 wagoner & Such other Christian as shall have 
off red or given Such hyre shall forfeit as a fine the Sum 
Thirty Shillings for each such offence for ye behooife of 
y " Sherrif or any other Person or Persons as shall sue for 
the Same 

That in Case the Sherrif his Deputy or Deputys or 
any other Person or Persons shall on his or their own 
accord have contracted agreed or by any signs whatsoever 
make up or give Leave By any means Direct or Indirect 
in & Concerning y e trade or with any Body Else whatso- 
ever, by there means for a Less sum of mony then the 
fine or ~fi nes Specified as aforesaid he or they being thereof 
Convicted by one or more Evidences shall forfeit the 
Sum of three Pounds for y c behoof of y c mayor aldn. & 
Comonalty who are to appoint one Person to sue for y e 
Same 

It is Likewise to be understood y 1 y e mohoggs Indians 
of y c five nations together with y c Indians Comeing up & 
down kudsons River are wholy Excepted of this Procla- 
mation 

This Proclamation is to Continue in force dureing the 
Space of one whole year Ensueing the date hereof Pro- 
vided that all Indians & Squaes are hereby allowed to be 
admitted into any Persons house within this Citty from 
pmo October next until pmo april then next following, 
given in albany this 15 day of July in y c Sixth year of 
her majs Reign ao Do 1707 

God 'Save the queen 

Whereas the Comonalty are Informed by Severall In- 
habitants of this City that y e Sherrif & his Deputy have 
agreed with Severall Traders of y" S d Citty underhand, 
Contrary to y e Late Proclamation Issued the 17th of 
June Last past, It is ordred by y e Comonalty aforesaid 
that a Commity Shall be appointed to Enquire in y e mat- 
ter & bring their Return in y e next Comon Councill which 
are as followeth Viz 1 

Hendk Hansen 
Johs Cuyler 
Coenraet Ten Eyk 



The City Records. 165 

July 29, 1707. It is Resolved by y e Comon Councill 
y l Publick notice by a billet to be Sett up at y c Church 
Requiring all Person y l have any accounts with y e Citty 
y l they give in there s d accounts to anthony bradt Treas- 
urer on or before y" 2 d day of august To y e End y l y e s d 
accounts allowable be Vezited & audited by Mr. Hendk 
Elansen, Mr. Thomas williams, Mr. Johs Roseboom, 
3oenraet Ten Eyk, Johs D wanlaer Dirk van derheyden 

Att a mayor Court held in Citty hall of Albany 
this 12 day of aug 1 1707 :*- Present David Schuyler 
Esqr mayr: John Abeel Recordr: Evert Banker 
Johs Cuyler Hendk Hansen Johs Roseboom aldn 

Jacob Staats Plent c John Collins his atturney appear 
for him. John Clute Defend 1 , mr. John Collins Pro- 
duces a warrant of atturney from John Clute to Confess 
Judgein 1 for y e S d John Clute in this action wh follows 
in these words Viz 1 

To John Collins, James Emot, or Rich d Brewer attorney 
of y c Province of new yorke or Either of ym John 
Clute of nestagieone in y c County of albany yeoman 
sends Greeting 

These are to Empower you or any of you in my name 
at any time after y e Fifteenth day of July next Ensueing 
in any Court of Record in y c Province of new york to 
Confess Judgem 1 on y c above written bond& Sume therein 
Contayned, on any action to be brought against me on y c 
Same & for so doing this Shall bee yr Sufficient warrant 

given under my hand Seal this 27th day of June in y e 
ixth year of y c Reign of Queen ann annoq e Dommi 1707 

John Clute [L.S.] 
Sealed Sign'd & Deliver'd 
in y c Presence of us 
John Collins 
Margaret Collin? 

by virtue whereof the S d John Collins did Confess 
Judgement according, the Court Confirmed the Same 
[Aanals v.] 14 



166 The City Records. 

[Confesssion of judgment was also made in favor of 
Arrientie Wendel, Harme Rutger, Myndert Schuyler, and 
Robert Livingston.] 

Henry Holland Plen c . John Collins his atturney ap- 
pears for him 

Evert Wendel Junr Defend 1 appears in his own person 

The Plents Declaration being read & is as followeth 
Viz 1 : 

Citty of alb ss 

Anno Regni anno angl : &c nunc Regni Sexto 

Henry Holland Esqr, high Sherrif of y e Citty & County 
of albany Complains against Evert wendel Junr of y e S d 
Citty Handler on an action on y e Case & thereupon y e 
S d Henry Holland by John Collins his atturney Sayes y l 
y e S d Evert wendel not Ignorant of y e Laws & ordinances 
of y c S 1 Citty but in open Defiance of & Indirect opo- 
sition to y e laws of y e Same on y e 27 day of June Last 
past took two packs from two Indian Squaes Into y e 
house of his habitation within y e Citty of albany as they 
Came to y e door of y e house of his habitation by wh vio- 
lation of y e Laws of y e S d Citty y e Sd wendell is become 
Lyable to pay to the S d henry holland Sherrif of y e S d 
Citty as afores d & indebted y e Sume of Six Pounds for 
uses behoofs & benefitt as by y e S d Laws directed wh y e 
S d Evert wendell toy e S d henry holland tho often there- 
unto Required refused to pay & y e Same Still doth Re- 
fuse to pay whereupon y e S d Henry Holland Says y l he 
and hath damage to y e value of Six Pounds & thereupon 
he brings this Suit John Collins 

The Defend 1 Plea being read & is as followeth Viz 1 : 

Citty of albany ss 

anne Regni. anne angl : &c. nunc Regni Sexto 

Evert wendel Junr of y e Citty of albany, comes in his 
proper Person, & Defends y e force & Injury when & where 
&c & for his Plea Saith y l he is not Indebted to henry 
holland Esqr high Sheriff of y e Citty & County of albany 
as by John Collins his atturney in his Declaration Setts 
forth & thereupon Putts himself upon his country 

E : wendel Junr. 



The City Records. 167 

The Jury Called up Viz 1 

Antho van Schaick Fredk Myndertse 

william hcogen Jobs Hanse 

Jobs Beekman william gysbertse 

melgert vander Poel Junr Ryer gerritse 
Antho Coster wynant williamse 

Johs Lansing Johs D wandlaer 

The Jury Sworn Charge given & Sent out for a vdict 
The Court adjourned till one a Clock in y e afternoon 
The Court open'd at one a Clock in y e afternoon 
The Jury bring their vdict &.find for y e Plent e 
mr John Collins atturney for y e Plent e moves for Judge- 
ment. The Court give Judgement accordingly and also 
for Costs of Suite 

The Court adjourned till this day fortnight 

Att a Comon Councill held in y c Citty hall of y c Citty 
of albany ys 15 day of aug 1 1707: Present David 
Schuyler Esqr mayr. John abeel Recordr. Evert 
Banker Hendk Hansen Tho: williams Johs Cuyler 
Johs Roseboom aldn. Coenraet Ten Eyk Abraham 
Cuyler Johs D wandlaer Junr Gerrit Roseboom 
Danll Ketelhuyn assts. 

In Pursuant to y c Resolution of y c Comon Councill on 
y c 29 day of July last of y c Committee then appointed 
Viz 1 Hendk Hansen Tho williams Johs Roseboom Coen- 
raet Ten Eyk Johs D wandlaer Dirk v derheyden doe 
make their Return undr their hands of y e accts Payable 
by this Citty to these Persons who have brought in there 
accounts amounting to 100: :9antbo Bradt Treasurer 
of y c S d Citty is ordred by y e Comon Councill to give 
these Persons Cred 1 in y c Citty book accordingly 

It is Resolved by y e Comon Councill of y c Citty of al- 
bany y l Evert wendell Junr Collector for y c S d Citty shall 
Pay unto antho Bradt Citty Treasurer at or before y e 29 
day of this Instant august y c Sums of monys as by y e 
Tax List & warrant thereof delivered to him in July last 
Retaining to him as y c act of genii assembly in y l matter 
directs upon his Perril & y l y c S d Collector be served 
with this order accordingly given in albany the 15 day 
of aug 1 1707 



168 The City Records. 



August 20, 1707. Pursuant to an order Issued in 
Comon Councill of y e Citty of albany on y e 15th of July last 
wee have had Severall persons before us, whereof Fred- 
erick Harmense & Rob 1 wendell doe Say y 1 henry Holland 
Esqr high Sherrif of y e Citty & County of albany had 
under hand agreed with Johs Schuyler for theen peeces 
of 8 whereof y S d Fredk Harmense had p d unto mr. 
holland thirty Shillings including an agreem 1 made be- 
tween John Kidnie his Deputy with y e S d Rob 1 wendell 
together with niecolas Bleeker who Contributed y e half 
of S d 30s, as also being Signified to us y l an other 
agreem 1 was made by y e S d Sherrif with John Lansing 
Contrary y e late Proclamation Relating y e Indian Trade 
dated y c 17th of June Last past & y 1 y e S d John Kidnie 
hath under hand agreed with Evert wendel as also with 
Gerrit Luykasse to wh matters y c S d Johannis Schuyler 
Frederik Harmense Rob 1 wendel niecolas Bleeker Evert 
wendel Junr. & John Lansing together with his Son & y e 
S d Gerrit t Luykasse may be proper Evidences Respect- 
ively So as y c Severall agreemts have happened this wee 
doe Return in Albany the 19 day of august 1707 
was Signed Hendk Hansen 
Johs Cuyler 
Coenraet Ten Eyk 

The Comon Councill doe take the above Return into 
Consideration till y e next Comon Councill day 

Anne by y e Grace of god of England Scotland franco 
& Ireland queen Defender of \ e faith &c. To the Oor< ner 
of y e Citty & County of albany or his Deputy Greeting 
wee Command yu to Summons twelf good & Lawful! 
men to Inquire to y e body of John oyens now deceased, 
how he came to his End, '& bring in there vdict upon 
oath under hand & Scale untoy c Coroner aforesaid herein 
you are in no ways to ommit upon Perrill given in al- 
bany this 2 I day of august in y c Sixth year of her inajea 
Reign annoq 6 Dom 1707 

wee underwritten Juroe being upon oath bring in our 
rdict of y e body of John oyens and doe find y l y S 3 
John came to Death accidently witness our hands & 






The City Records. 169 

Seals in albany y 24 of august in y e Sixth year of her 
majes Reign anuoq c Dom. 1707 

Johannis Becker [L. s.] Albert Slingerlandt [L. s.] 

Hendk Ten Eyk [L. s.] Jan dellemonte [L s.] 

Volkert Dow [u s.] Niccolas Bleeker [L. s.] 

Daniel,'-!- winne [L. s.] Barent Staets [L. s.] 



m:irk 



matthys nack [L. s.] Cornelis Tunise [L. s.] 
Luykas Luykasse [L. s.] Barent gerritse [L. s.] 

Att a mayor Court held in*y c Citty hall of the Citty 
of albany this 26th day of aug 1 1707: Present 
David Schuyler Esqr mayr. John abeel Recordr. 
Evert Banker Hcndk Hansen John Cuyler Johs 
Roseboom 

Casper Springsteen Plent: by Tho: williams atturney 
for \" PIent c in behalf of J Collins 

william Teller Defend 1 appears in his own Person 

The PJents Declaration being read & is as followeth 

Citty of albany ss 

Anno Regni anne Anglice nunc Regnia &c. Sexto 

Casper Springsteene of Schinnechtady in y e County of 
albany miller Complains against wm Teller late of y e 
Same Place deceased of a Plea of Detinue & thereupon 
y c S 1 Casper Springsteen by John Collins his atturny 
Says y l he y S" Casper Springsteen in y e year of our 
Lord one Thousand Six hundred ninety & Seven, did 
borrow of ye S d william Teller in his life time the Sume 
of three Pound & Six pence Currant mony of new ycrk 
or the value thereof & as a pledge of Security for y c pay- 
ment of y c Same did yn leave with y c S d wm Teller deed 
one gold Chain wh y c S d wm Teller did yn Promise 
should be Rcdelivered to y c S' 1 Casper Springsteene when 
at anytime afterwards the Said Casper should pay to 
him y c S (1 Sum of three Pounds & Six pence yet y e S d 
william Teller Executor as afores d of y c S d wm Teller 
deed y e S 1 Chaine to deliver to y e S d Casper hath refused, 
tho the said three Pounds & Six pence has been lawfully 
temlred to him particularly on y c nineteenth day of this 
Instant august at Schinnecktady within y c County afores d 



170 The City Records. 

the Same to delircr to y S d Casper Still doth Refuse 
whereupon y S d Casper sayth y l he is worse & hath 
Damage twenty Pounds & thereupon he brings this Suite 

John Collins 

Tho. williams y e Plents atturney in behalf of John 
Collins moves for a non Suite for the Defend 1 not Entring 
his Plea & also for Costs of Suife 

The Court takeing y e Same into Consideration order 
y 6 Defend 1 to pay Costs of Suite 

The adjourned Till ys forthnight 

Att a Common Councill held in y e Citty hall of y c 
Citty of albany this 2th day of august 1707: Pre- 
sent David Schuyler Esqr mayr. John Abeel Re- 
cordr. Evert Banker llendk hansen John Cuyler 
Johs Roseboom Tho: williams aldn: Abraham 
Cuyler Gerrit Roseboom Johs D wandlaer Coenraet 
Ten Eyk assts. 

Johannis harmense Visher haveing made his applyca- 
tion unto y e mayor Recordr aldn & Comon Council! of y e 
Citty of albany on y e 23 of ys Instant for a lawful Con- 
veyance from y e Commonalty of y e S d Citty instead of y e 
two Releases therefore heretofore granted to him for y e 
five foot of ground Sold to him y e 25 day of feb : last 
past 

whereupon y e Commonalty afores^ haveing agreed with 
y e S d Johs Harmense Visher y l a Lawfull Conveyance 
Shall be given to him for y c five foot of ground afore- 
mentioned to be passed by mr. mayor with y e Citty Seal 
thereunto affixed accordingly & y l y e S d Johs Harmense 
Shall Pay y e Sum of three Pounds over & above what 
was heretofore agreed for y e Same 

September 20, 1707. It is Resolved by y e Common 
councill to agree with Peter winne and arie oothout to 
Sett y c Citty Stockadoes where they are most needfull to 
be Sett It according is agreed y l y e S d Pr winne and 
arie oothout is to have to Sett for Every Stockado 6d, & 
to Sett ym & Squar them where it is needfull & to ride 
them from the hill or from any Place where they are 



Tht City Records. 171 

September 20, 1707. It was Proposed by y* Mayor to 
Consideration of y e Common Council! if application 
should be made to his Excellency y c govr now in Town 
for a Patent of y c Land they had now Purchased of y 
Indians at skackkook which was not included in y* 
Charter nor in y Patent wh they Purchased of henry 
van Renselaer whereupon it was orderd y l Joh: abeel 
Recorder Mr Johannes Cuyler mr Johs Rcseboom & mr 
Tho williams aldermen should be a Committee to Pre- 
pare a Memoriall for ye Intent afores d who Preferred to 
y* Comon Council! y e following memorial 

To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornburry Cap 1 genl 
& govr in Cheiffe of y e Province of new york new Jer- 
seys & vice admiral! of ye Same c. 

The humble Memoriall of y e mayor aldermen & Com- 
monalty of y e Citty of albany Sheweth 

That when they obtained their Charter in y 6 year 1686 
among oyr Rights, liberties Priviledges therein granted, 
they had full liberty and licence at their Pleasure to Pur- 
chase from y e Indians y c quantity of five hundred acres 
of Low or meadow land lying at a Certain Place Called 
or known by y e name of Schachtecogue, which quantity 
of five hundred acres might be bought in what /Part of 
Skachkook, or y e land adjacent., as they y e S d mayor, al- 
dermen & Commonalty of y" S d Citty of albany should 
think most Convenient wh S d land was not Purchased 
till lately because Some of y c Principall Indian owners 
were absent out of this Province, & in y e mean time a 
Patent was granted by y" late govr Ben: Flether to hendk 
van Renselaer dated y e 29 of march 1698 whereby a 
hundred acres of low land is Confirm'd to him, and all 
y 6 wood land or up Land Scituate Lying <fc being on y 6 
East Side of hudsons River alongst y" S d River bounded 
Southerly by y c bounds of Eghbert Teunise's land north- 
erly by Skachkook's Creek being about Six miles more 
or less including y c S d Creek & Extending Easterly from 
hudsons River between y ? South & north bounds Six 
English miles which S d upland y e Citty of albany were 
oblig'd to Purchase of y e S d henry Renselaer in Regard 



172 The City Records. 

it did Surround & Include y e 500 acres of low land granted 
in y e Charter as afores d , wh S d land as well y e hundred 
acres of low land as y e up land mentiond in y e S d Patent 
was Conveyed by liendrick van Renselaer to y e mayor 
aldermen & Commonalty of y e Citty of albany and there 
Successors of Ever as by the Conveyance dated y e 8th of 
august 1699 at Large appears, and y c Right owners of 
Skaehkook being Since come home disposed to Sell not 
only y c S d 500 acres of Low Land, but all their Right & 
title wh they had to y land called Skaehkook, y c S d 
mayor aldermen & Commonalty did Purchase y c Same on 
y e first day of July last wh land is Scituate on y e East 
Side of hudsons River above y e half moon and bounded 
on y" west Side by y e River, on y e south side byy e bounds 
of y land late belonging to Eghbert Teunise and Barent 
albertse Bradt, & Runs northward along y e S :1 River Side to 
y e northward of two English miles & on y South side by a 
South East line fourteen miles or as much further y l y e line 
on y e East side doth Comprehend & take iny c third Carrying 
Place on y e s d Skachkook's Creek wh Carrying Place is y e 
utmost bounds of y^ s d Skachkook's land Eastward, which 
is purchased as afores d , doth comprehend more vacant land 
than is mentiond in y e S u Patent of henry van Rcnselaer 
both northerly & Easterly, which vacant land not being 
appropriated by any person & of Small value but fitt for 
Commonage y e S d mayor aldermen & Commonalty doe 
humbly Pray y l your Lordsp would be pleased to Con- 
firm to them & their Successors by Patent for ye use of 
y e Citty of albany for Ever 

The above Memorial 1 was approved & orderd to be 
drawn out fair & Signed & Delivered to his Excellency 
on monday morning the 22 instant by ye mayr aldermen 
& assistants in a body 

September 23, 1707. The Said memorial was Sign'd 
yesterday by y e mayor aldermen & Commonalty, and 
delivered to his Excellency this morning in a body, and 
Since his Excellency is goeing to Sarightoge, was pleas'd 
to tell y e Common Councill to give his answer when he 
Shall come from thence in the mean time Desired y e 



Tlit City Records. 173 

Charter of this Citty the Patent of henry Renseher to 
Peruce y c Same whereupon there is appointed a Com- 
mitte to attend his Excellency, in the Procuring of y e 
Primises both here & at new york Viz' Johs abeel Evert 
Banker Hendk Hansen & Johs Cuyler Esqrs at the charge 
of y S d Citty 

September 29, 1707. The aldermens of the Citty of 
albany make this Return of the aldm assistants & Con- 
stables of their Respective waigds who are as follows 

The First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

1-1 v f banker Dirk van derheyden 

niynd 1 Schuyler Coenraet Ten Eyk 

Barent Eghbertse Constable 

The Second Ward 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Johs Cuyler Abraham Cuyler 

Johs Rose boom Gerrit Roseboom 

ands nack Constable 

The Third Ward 

AMermen. Assistants. 

Hendk Hansen Daniel Ketelhuyn 

Frans winne Johs D wandlaer [Jun.] 

Jan Evertse Constable 
Claes Vonda his Constable 
anthonie Brat Chamberlain 

NB Evert Hanker Sworne mayor the first of novr 1707 
lluiry Holland Sherif of y c Citty & County of albany 

October 14, 1797. This Day was Evert Banker not 
Sworne being his Excellency rny Lord Cornbury ap- 
pointed him to be mayor of this Citty for y e Ensueing 
therefore deneys to take y e oath 

November 5, 1707. This day is Daniel Ketelhuyn 
Sworne assistant and Clacs fonda high Constable Ba- 
reut Eghbertse pitty Constable 



174 The City Records. 






Att a Common Councill held in y e Cittj hall of albany 
the 1 8th day of novr 1707: Present Evert Banker 
Esqr mayr. Johs Cuyler Hendk Hansen Johs Rose- 
boom Mynd 1 Schuyler frans winne aldm. Dirk van 
der heyden Coenraet Ten Eyk Gerrit Roseboom Johs 
Dewandlaer Abraham Cuyler Daniel Ketelhuyn assts 
It is Resolved y l soever of y e meeting it be Either mayr 
Record aldermen or Commonalty doe absent themselfs 
y e day y l y e mayors Court Shall be held & y e day at y e 
holding of y Comon Councill or the hour appointed to 
meet in y e Common Councill warning given them shall 
forfeit for Each neglect y e Sum of Six Shillings to be 
Levyed by distress on his or there goods or Chattels 

It is ordred by y e Common Councill y 1 the following 
Persons be appointed fyre masters for y e Ensueing year 
untill y e 14 of October next Viz 1 . Johs Lansing, Jean 
Rosie, warner Carstense, mynd 1 . Roseboom Thomas har- 
mense & Samuel Pruyri, who are to vew y e Chimneys 
where fyre is kept within this Citty & oyr Inconvenient 
Places once in Each 14 night & where they find Chim- 
neys Extraordinary foull to fine y e owner in y e Sume of 
Six Shillings & where fyre is kept in Inconvenient places 
dangerous to make fyre, to Cause Such fire places to be 
broak downe and Removed 

December 16, 1707. It is Resolved by y e Common 
Councill that all the Inhabitants of this Citty who have 
neglected to Ride their quota of Stockadoes & fire wood 
Shall be warned to Ride y e Same, on or before the next 
Ensueing, and who Shall not Ride their quota as afores d 
to Distraine ym on there goods & Chattel for the Same 

The Common Councill takeing in Consideration the 
Charges, of y e Citty of albany have Resolved to Lay a 
Tax upon the Severall Freeholders, Inhabitants, Resi- 
dents and Sojouruers of the S d Citty for the Sume of 
thirty five Pounds to Defray y e S d Charges to wh End it 
is ordred y l mr. mayor doth Issue his warrent to the as- 
sessors of y 6 S d Citty to make their assem 1 accordingly 
and to Deliver the Same to y e S d mayor on or before the 
27th Instant 






The City Records. 175 

Copy of a Letter from his Excelly. the Govr. dated 
in new york y e 18 of november 1707 Viz 1 . 

Gentlemen : Collo Schyuler who has furnished fire wood 
for the Garrisons of albany & Schinnechtady for Some 
years, is unwilling to Continue So to doe, and the Season 
of y e year being So farr advanced that it is impossible 
for me to make any new agreement at the time, I send 
this Letter to desyre you to Engage Some Person to furn- 
ish the usuall firewood for y e year ensueing, and I will 
not only engage my word of honor, that y e Same Shall 
be paid^within y 6 year, but if it is Required, I will give 
my bond for the payment of it. This 1 hope you will 
take care because it is for the queens Service, and you 
will much oblige Gentlemen your very humble Servant 

Cornbury 

was Subscribed for her majes Service, For the mayor 
and aldermen of the Citty of albany at albany 

att a meeting of the mayor & aldermen of the Citty of 
albany this 22th of Decemb: 1707 

answer to the abjve Letter as followed 

Albany the 22 of Decembr 1707 

May it Please your Excellcy. Pursuant to your Lord- 
ships Letter of the 18 novr Last, wee have Endeavoured 
by Publick outcry to engage Some Person or Persons to 
furnish y c firewood for the Garrisons of albany & Schin- 
nechtady and for Some days no body would undertake 
the Same Collo. Pr. Schuyler therefore, hath at Last 
for y c queens Service, & on Respect of your Excellcys 
faire Promise, undertaken the furnishing thereof for y e 
Ensueing year as formerly Viz 1 from y e 13 of novr 1707 
untill the 13 of novr next Ensueing, Provided y e Pay- 
ment is to be made quarterly by reason he is daily out 
of pocket, Especially whist here has been but little snow, 
this wee hope will be acceptable to your Lordship from 
may it please your Excellency your Lordships most hum- 
ble and most obledient Servants was signed 

Evert Banker Hendk Hansen 

Johs Cuyler Jobs Roseboom 

mynd 1 Schuyler frans winne 



176 The City Records. 

December 31, 1707, [Present, mayor, four aldermen 
and five assitants]. Pursuant to y e order in Common 
Councill on the 16th of this Instant to the assessors of 
this Citty they have brought in there assessment vvh 
being as followeth viz 1 

L The first ward 6758 

2 d 4710 

3 d 3795 



15263 
which assement being So approved and Resolved y l of 

a penny (being 2 Stuyvers of wampum) be laid on Each 

pound, amounting to 38: 3: lid 

ordred that the Same be Collected by Evert wendel 

Collector and to pay it to anthony Bradt Treasurer of 

this Citty on or before the 15th of January next ensueing 

January 3, 170J. [Present full board]. Whereas Cap 1 . 
Evert Banker was on y e 29th day of Sep 1 Last by y c ma- 
jority of voices of y e Inhabitants of y first ward in this 
City of albany Chosen to be an alderman for y e year then 
next Ensueing and since his Excellency the Govr. my 
Lord Corn bury afterwards nominated and appointed the 
S d Banker to be mayor of this Citty of which he accepted 
and was Sworne for that office accordingly 

The Common Councill of the S d Citty at the moveing 
of Severall members thereof, that a new election be made 
for a Second alderman in the S d ward, have takeing the 
Same unto Consideration and doe therefore Frustrate & 
make void the Late Election of the S d Banker as alder- 
man und order that warning be given to y e Inhabitants 
of the S d ward to Convein at the Citty hall of the Said 
Citty on monday next the 5th of this Instant Between 
one of the Clock in the afternoon till Son Setts in order 
that a new Election be made as aforesaid in manner & 
form as by y c Charter of y c S d Citty is directed, and that 
myndert Schuyler Esqr or any of the aldermen, together 
with Dirk vanderheyden and Cbenraet Ten Eyck or any 
one of y e assistants of this Citty Shall Receive Such voytes 
as Shall be given in the S ! Election and to Return y e 
Same in the next Common Councill 






The City Records. 177 

January 5, 170|. [Present, full board]. Pursuant to 
the ord of Common Councill on y 3 d Instant the Inhabit- 
ants of y" first ward of this City haveing by y e majority 
of voices, Elected Rob 1 Livingston Junr to be alderman 
S d ward for the Ensueing part of this year untill the 
14th of octobr next ensueing and was Sworne accordingly 

January 26, 170}. [Present, mayor, three aldermen 
and five assistants]. A letter from Coll Pr. Schuyler 
dated this day to y 6 Mayr aldermen & Commonality was 
Read acquainting ym y l he ha4 been viewing y Fortifi- 
cations of this Citty & found y e Blockhouses & Batteries 
out of Repair as also y" great guns, wh he Recommended 
might be forthwith Repaird Since we are dayly in Ex- 
pectation of y e Enemy, wh Letter being taken into Con- 
sideration The Common Councill are Concernd y l Every 
thing is So much out of Repair Since they Caused all the 
Batteres Blockhouses & guns to be well fitted no longer 
yn Last winter & are apt to believe y l if y Militia officers 
had taken good Care & not Suffered their People to break 
burn & distroy what y e Common Councill caused at so 
great Charge & Expence of y e Citty to be made, there 
had been no need to be at this difficulty now, neverthe- 
lesse they are \villingto Cause y e batteris to be forthwith 
Repaird, & y 6 blockhouses wh want but little Except 
those that have been made use of for Barracks for y e 
Soldiers of her maj fort but as for y great guns whereof 
Some we understand have been Spickd up willfully by 
disorderly & wicked persons y l Commit all manner of In- 
solencies upon y 6 watch by reason of y e officers neglect 
in not appearing upon y e gaurd, the Common Councill 
are of opinion y 1 y 6 militia officers ought to take ~Care 
to put y (> gunns in y e Same Posture as they were deliverd 
Last winter well fitted with worms Spunges & other 
nessesarys, then y e Common Councill will Provide 
ammunition for them. 

ordred y 1 y e above Resolution be Sent to Coll Schuyler 
in answer to his letter 

Whereas it is thought Convenient for her majes Service 
y 1 diverse of our neighbours from y e County of ulster 
[Annals v.] 15 



178 The City Records. 

doe come hither for y e Security of this frontiers as well 
as y e farmers of this County, wh forces will want fire- 
wood for to keep there gaurds it is therefore ordred by 
y e mayor aldermen & Commonalty of this Citty of albany, 
y l there be three hundred load of fire wood Ride for y c 
blockhouses & gaurds & wheras yre are 200 Stockadoes 
wanting for y e Defence of this Citty of y e lenth of 12 foot 
English measure. & Eleven inches thick wee doe there- 
fore hereby Require & Command you forthwith upon the 
Receipt hereof, Equally & Impartially to assesse all y 6 
freeholders & Inhabitants of this Citty for y e Rideing 
of y e 300 load of fire wood & 200 Stockadoes, & Return 
a list thereof under your hands & Seals in y e Space of 
three days to y e mayor of y e S d Citty of albany in doeing 
whereof this Shall be your Sufficient warrent, given in 
albany this 19 day of January in y e Sixth year of her 
majs Reign annoq e Do. 170. 

EVERT BANKER, mayor 
To Cap 4 wessel Ten Brock Johs mingael Johs beekman 

Isaac Vplank Ryer gerritse Harmanus wendel assrs 

of y e Citty of albany 

February 24, 170 . [Mayor's Court. Present, Re- 
corder and five aldermen]. It is ordred by the Court 
that Johs Cuyler Hend: Hansen mynd 1 Schuyler Esqrs 
aldermen together with Coenraet Ten Eyk gerrit Rose- 
boom & Johs D wandlaer Junr assts be a Committie to 
Enquire by y e Treasurer of this Citty what money he 
has Rec d of y e last Tax, if not Rec d to Cause y 6 Collector 
for the S d Citty to pay y e Same forthwith as also what 
debts therewith may be Paid and to bring their Return 
at y e next Common Councill. Then y e Court adjourned 
till this day forthnight 

March 9, 170J. Be it ordained by y e mayor, Recordr, 
aldm & assists of y e Citty of albany Conven'd in Common 
Councill and it is hereby ordained by y e authority of y 
Same that no Person or Persons Shall drive any horse 
or horses Either before Slee waggon or Cart, or Ride in 
y e Streets within this Citty faster then on a Step or a very 






The City Records. 179 

moderate Trott or Pase upon Penalty of forfeiting y e 
Sume of Six Shillings for Each Such offence as also 
werever any dung is turnd on y 6 Streets of this Citty and 
found thereon on Saterday in the week y* Such Person 
or persons hereof found guilty Shall forfeit as a fine the 
Sume of Six Shillings for Each offence wh fines are for 
y e behooffe of y e Sherrif or Such Person as Shall Sue for 
y" Same 

Be it further ordained by y e authority afores d , that no 
Swine hogs or Piggs Shall Rune at large in y e Streets of 
y e Citty or Libertyes thereof without being Ringed to 
Prevent their Roating up y c grase or Commons of this 
Citty, we doe therefore hereby Publish and declare that 
it Shall and may be Lawfull for any Person or Persons 
to Seize upon any Such Swine or S wines hogg or hoggs 
Pig or Piggs not Ringed as atbres d for his or their use 
benefitt and behooffe as a forfeiture for their masters 
neglect 

Be it further ordained by y c authority afores d , that all 
y e Inhabitants of this Citty are also warned by these 
Present to Remove their fire wood from y e Streets and 
to Pile up their timber for building according to y c former 
Practice in y e Space of fourfy days after y e Publication 
of hereof upon Pain & Penalty of Six Shillings for the 
behooffe of y c Sherrif who is to take Care that this order 
be duly Executed 

whereas diverse Persons of y e Citty have & doe Com- 
plain y l y" bread bakt to be sold is not of a due assise 
wh is not only a hardship on y e Inhabitants oyrs in y e 
S d Citty but also against y e former Laws in y l Case made 
& Provided, we doe therefore by y e authority afores d Es- 
tablish y c following assise on bread viz 1 That a Loafe 
weighing a Pound neet weight bakt of fine flower Shall 
be Sold for one penny and sixteen twenty parts of a penny 
or Six Stuyvers in wampum, a Loafe weighing eight & 
a half pounds like weight bakt of wheat meel as it comes 
from y c grize mill to be Sold for nine pence, a Loafe 
weighing Eight Pounds like weight bakt of good Course 
flower to be sold for nine pence or one of y e Same Sort 
of flower weighing four pounds like weight for four pence 



180 The City Records. 

half penny all Currant money of new yorke, and also 
Publish & declare y l no Person or Persons whatsoever 
shall bake & dispose of a lesse weight of bread yn what 
is herein Established upon Penalty of forfeiting all such 
bread as shall be found in their houses or Else where, 
and if any Person or Persons Shall ask and take a greater 
prize for Such Bread as therefore hereby is allowed & 
Sett forth, Such Person or Persons being thereof found 
Guilty shall forfeit as a fine for Each Loafe of bread So 
sold y e Summe of Six Shillings like mony wh forfeits of 
bread are to be sued for by y" Clerk of y e market for y e 
mayr, Record, aldn & Commonalty ffor y e behooffe of y e S d 
Citty 

It is Resolved by y e mayor Record aldermen and assists 
in Common Council! for y e S (1 Citty of albany, Since they 
Conceive that Some .Particular Persons doe Endeavour to 
Procure Some Land Prejudiciall to y e Land of Schach- 
kook and Places adjacent wh is Belonging to y c S (1 Citty 
that y e mayr Recordr & aldermen or any two or more of 
them doe address themselfs to his Excellency the govr in 
Councill for y e Interest of y e S d Citty & y l y e Charges 
accrueing thereon shall be on ace 1 of y e S d Citty 

June 3, 1708. Since y c Last Resolution of y Com- 
monalty on y e 9 of march Last pursuant to an order 
from y e govr & Councill to view the Lands in dispute 
with y e Sarachtoge partners a vew thereof by both parties 
has been made & is further Resolved by y 6 Commonalty 
y r Ev' Banker Esqr mayr Endeavor to Settle y e bounds 
with y e S d partners by a due East Line from y e north side 
of y e mouth of Shaahkooks Creek abutting to y e bounds 
of Shaahkooks patent Late belonging to Cap 1 hendk van 
Renselaer & further to Indenture with them under such 
Penalty for y Performance as he Shall agree upon 

June 19, 1708. Persuant to an act of genii assembly 
Entituled an act to Enable y e mayor Recordr aldermen & 
Commonalty of y e Citty of albany for ye time being, to 
Reaise moneys for Defraying their Publeck & nessesary 
Charges annually Published in new york the 21 of Octo- 
ber 1706 



The City Records. J81 

It is orderd by y mayor aldermen & Commonalty y l 
y' Sume of Sixty Pounds be Raised by a Tax upon y e 
Freeholders Inhabitants Residents & Sojourners of and 
in y e Citty afores d & y l y e mayor doe Issue his warrants 
to the assessors of this Citty to make Such assem 1 and 
Return y e Same unto mr mayor in y e Space of Eight 
days next Ensueing 

Be it ordain'd by the mayor Aldermen & assists of y e 
Citty of Albany convened in Common Councill and it is 
hereby ordained by authority of y c that y e market house 
in y Jonker Street within y e J3 d Citty, be and is hereby 
appointed the Publick market Place of this Citty, and 
all flesh, Poultry, Eggs, Butter, Cheese, Roots &c that 
Shall be Exposed to Sale in any other Place within this 
Citty then the Public market Place afores d Shall be for- 
feited to y Poor of y e S d Citty, and y l it Shall & may be 
Lawfull for y e Clerk of y 6 market, the Sherrif, or any 
magistrates of y e S d Citty to Seize y c Same and dispose 
thereof to y c Poor afores d 

And be it further ordained by y e authority afores d , that 
y 6 Clerk of y market Receive for all Cattle Killed for y e 
market, for Each head one Shilling, for Every hog or 
Shoat bought or cut out for Sale in y e market house, 
three pence, and for every sheep, Calf, and lamb, twopence 
and yt y e Country Shall Pay nothing for what they Shall 
bring ready killed & that the same be Published accordingly 

Be it further ordained by y e authority afores d , that 
Ilendk outhout y e Sworne Surveyor of this Citty Bee 
authorised together with Barent Sanders & Hend: Ten 
Eyk, by whose directions the Inhabitants of the Pearl 
Street within this Citty from the house of Mr. Rob 1 Liv- 
ingston & y c house Catharina van der Poel To y e houses 
of mr John Cuyler & Jobs harmense each before his 
house or Lott are make the Regular & in good order and 
y l gysbert marcelis and harpert Jacobse are Likewise ap- 
pointed to be assistant to y e S d Hend. otthout by whose 
derections y e Inhabitants of y c Small Street y* goes down 
in y e Citty from gysb 1 marcelis & abraham'kipp to the 
house of Jobs D. wandlaer are Likewise to make Each 
y e Same Regular & in good order before his own house 
or Lott before the first of aug 1 next Ensueing 



182 The City Records. 

It is further ordred byy e Common Councill that y c fol- 
lowing Persons be apointed Surveyors of ys Citty till the 
14th of October next viz 1 : william Hogan, Stephanas 
groesbeck, Barent Sanders, Hend: Ten Eyk, Peter wald- 
ron & Jan Evertse who are forthwith to be Served with 
a warrant in order y l y e high ways & Bridges within y e 
Limits of this Citty may be made in good and Sufficient 
Repair and also to give warning to the Inhabitants of y e 
S d Citty & Cause them to Repair y e S d high wayes & 
Bridges and if any Person or Persons Shall deney to come 
then to Levey upon his or their goods & Chattels y e Sume 
of five Shillings for to hire another man in his or their 
Steads otherways to y 6 use of those y* Repair the Same 

It is also ordred by y e Commonalty of y e S d Citty y l y e 
following Billet be Put upon y e Church, viz 1 : 

These are to give notice that of the Lands Belonging 
to the Citty of albany Called Sachtekook Eight Planta- 
tions on the South Side of y e Creek are to be Let to farm 
Each Containing five & twenty morgan or fifty acres Low 
Land & five morgan up Land if therefore any Person or 
Persons be Inclined to farm any of y e S d Plantations may 
apply themselfs to Commonalty of y e S d Citty at y e Citty 
hall of y e S d Citty on y e 10 of July next at one a Clock 
in the afternoon when & where y e Conditions how y " S d 
Plantations are to be Lett Shall be made known unto 
them 

June 29, 1708. Pursuant to the Resolution in Com- 
mon Councill on the 19 Instant the assessors of the Citty 
have Returned an Estimate of this Citty amounting to 
12320 which was approved of and laid 4 Stuyvers 
In wampum on the pound which amounts to 61 ; 12 : & 
ordered that a warrant be Given to gysbert marcel is 
Collector for the Collecting of the S d Money on or before 
the 20th day of July next Ensueing 



July 10, 1708. Pursuant to y e order in Common Coun- 
cill on y e 19th of June Last to make known on what 
Conditions ye mayr aldermen & Commonalty of y e Citty 
of albany are of meaning to farm Eight Plantations of 
Sachtekook wh is under viz 1 : 



The City Records. 183 

Articles on what Conditions the mayor aldermen & 
Commonalty of the Citty of albany are of meaning to 
Let to farm Eight Plantations of y e Lands belonging to 
tin's Citty of albany Scituate Lying and being upon Sach- 
tekook, on the South Side of sachkooks Creek or Hill, 
Containing Each five & twenty morgan or fifty acres of 
Low Land under the hill by y e S d sachtekooks Creek, and 
live morgan or teen acres up land towards y e S d hill all 
adjouning together; if any Person or Persons who Shall 
farm any of the S d Plantations Containing all together 
two hundred morgan or four hundred acres of Low land 
towards the S d hill and fourty morgan or Eighty acres of 
upland as aforesaid shall together divide the S d Eight 
Plantations as Equall as they Shall or may agree among 
themselfs 

And if any Person or Persons who Shall farm any of 
y S d Plantations Containing as aforesaid, Lying under 
the said sachkooks hill, and the upland to wards y^S d hill, 
shall Pay for and in Consideration of one of y e S d Eight 
Plantations, unto y 6 mayor aldermen & Comonalty of y 6 
Citty afores d upon the Receipt of an Indenture which 
Shall be given them the first day of Sep' 1708 the Suine 
of fifteen Pounds Currant money of this Province, and 
Six years after the date hereof two shepl good winter 
wheat off Each morgan or two acres yearly for Ever to 
Pay unto y e mayor aldermen & Commonalty or to their 
successors or Receiver for the time being, and if he or 
they who shall farm any of the 3 d Plantations shall be 
obleged to make Improvem 1 & build upon Such Planta- 
tion as he or they Shall farm in the Space of three years 
after the 1st of Sep< 1708 when the Indenture shall be 
given them, and if he or they shall neglect to Improve & 
build upon such Plantation as he or they have so farmed 
that then the Such Plantation or Plantations Shall fall 
& be again to the mayor aldermen & Commonalty of the 
S d Citty or to their successors for the time being without 
Rendring y e S d Sume of fifteen Pounds or any part thereof 

And in Case any Person or Persons who Shall farm 
to Lett any of y e S d Plantations Should not be able to 
Improve y Same or any of them by Incourtions that may 



184 



The City Records. 



Breake out with the french or their Indians and Should be 
forced to Leave the Same (wh we hope god will forbid) 
that then and in such case they shall pay no acknowledger^ 
whatsoever for Such Plantation to y e S d mayor aldermen 
& Commonalty or to their successors during such war 

And if any Person or Persons who shall farm to Let 
any of y c S d Eight Plantations of Sachtekook from y e 
mayor aldermen & Commonalty of y e S d Citty as afores d 
who should be willing afterwards to sell y e S d Plantation 
or Plantations that then they should be oblieged to give 
the mayor aldermen of y e S d Citty or their successors 
y e Refusall of any Such Plantation 

The above articles were Read in open Court and the 
mayor askt if their were any Persons y l would have a 
Plantation should Speak & there names should beEntred 
down who were as under viz 1 



Stephanis groesbeck 
Daniel Ketelhuyn 
wm. Ketelhuyn 
Johs Harmense 
Johs D wandlaer J : 
Cornelis van Buren 
Abraham Cuyler 
Philip Livingston 
David Schuyler 
Jan quackenbos 



Pr van Brugh 
Jacob Schermerhoorn 
John Cuyler 
Daniel Bradt 
Barent gerritse 
Dirk van vechten 
Korsett vedder 
Dirk van d heyden 
Fredrick Harmense 
Johs van vechten 



The Commonalty Seeing y l here are twenty Persons 
willing Each to have a Plantation of Sachtekook on y c 
afores d Conditions, ordred y e Clerk to write Eight Billets 
for y e Eight Plantations and twelf Billets Blank and to 
Let them all draw, wh they accordingly did out of mr. 
mayor hatt and they that gett y n Billett to have a Plant- 
ation were these viz 1 

Daniel Ketelhuyn Barent gerritse 

Johs Cuyler Cornelis van Beuren 

Johs harmense Korset vedder 

Johs D wandlaer Junr : Dirk van der heyden 



July 13, 1708. Whereas the Citty of albany is very 
much out of Repair and in Severall Places Stockadoes 



The City Records. 185 

are trowen out y e Commonalty have therefore thought 
Requiesite to Repaer the Same and to agree with Some 
fit Persons to make y e Same in good order in y e Space 
four days next Ensueing 

August 12, 1708. It is ordred by y e Commonalty y l 
J Abeel Daniel Ketelhuyn J Roseboom Coenraet Ten 
Eyk A Cuyler & Rob f Livingston be appointed a Com- 
mittee to See what moneys Gysb' marcelis Present Col- 
lector has Rec d of y e Last Citty Tax & what Persons have 
Civcl 1 in the Citty Books and who has Deducted _ their 
Tax by Bills to the treasurer Anthonie Bradt, and to 
audit y e accounts of ys Citty, and y e Committee are to 
make their Return in y e Common Councill at or before 
to morrow at 6 a Clok in y e afternoon 

August 17, 1708. It is Resolved by Commonalty y' y e 
Prohibition, dated Relating Selling Strong Drink to 

y Indians be void & of no force 

August 31, 1708. It ts Resolved by y e Commonalty 
y 1 a Generall Indenture Shall write & given unto y e Eight 
Persons, viz 1 Danll Ketelhuyn, Johs Cuyler, Johs Har- 
mense, Johs D wandlaer Junr, Barent Gerritse, Korset 
vedder Dirk van der heyden, who gott on y e 10th of 
July Last a Billet to have a Plantation of y e Lands be- 
longing to y c Citty of albany Lying & beflig upon Sach- 
tekook Containing in all two hundred morgan of Low 
Land & fourty morgan of upland according of agreement 
on y c 20th of July afores d , wh Said two hundred & fourty 
morgan are to be measured to them by y c Commonalty 
& the S d Persons y l have drawn y S (1 farm are to divide 
them in Eight Equal shares, & then Particular Indent- 
ures shall be given to every of them according to their 
division 

Pursuant to an ordr of y e mayor Recordr aldermen & 
Commonalty who appointed John abed Johs Roseboom 
R l Livingston Junr Esqr. Abraham Cuyler Coenraet Ten 
Eyk & Daull Ketelhuyn to be a Committee on y c 12th of 
aug 1 Last to vew Examine & audit y c accts due from y e 



186 The City Records. 

Citty of albany as also to Peruce y' 1 Collection of y e Late 
Citty Tax & doe find y l there is Deducted by Severall 
Creditors Sixteen Pounds seventeen Shillings & two Pence 
out of y e Late Citty Tax, for wh they are to be Charged in 
y e Citty Book & Credited for there accts y l are audited & 
Examind by y e S d Committee, & find y l their Remains in 
y e Collectors & Treasurers hands after y e Collrs Sellary 
is deducted y e Sume of forty three Pounds fourteen shil- 
lings wh Report is approved of accordingly. 

The Commonalty being Informed y l y c Bridge over y e 
Rutten kill in y e Street Lately known by y e name of y c 
ffuddamart is very much out of Repair & decade, doe 
therefore order y l y e S d Bridge shall be made anew and 
y l mr. Rob 1 Livingston & Coenraet Ten Eyk are appointed 
to See y e S d Bridge made upon y n Citty Charges 

; September 22, 1708. Whereas the Sachims of y e tive 
nations have this day made their application to us de- 
sireing that y e Retalle of Strong drink to them & other 
Indians may be Prohibited, Either by way of gift or Sale 
& there being many Strange Indians in town, wee doe 
therefore hereby Prohibit & forbidd that no Person or 
Persons give or Sell any Strong Liquor to any Indian or 
Indians while y e Sachims of y e five nations are here in 
town to treat with his Excy the Govr or the Commis- 
sioners on the rnanagem 1 of the Indian affairs, upon Pain 
& Penalty of five Pounds, given albany y e 22th of SepMn 
the Seventh year of her majes Reign 1708 

September 28, 1708. It is Resolved by y e Common- 
alty that mr. Rob 1 Livingston Jun & Coenraet ten Eyk are 
appointed a Committee to goe up to Scaahtekook & gree 
with gysbert Livingston is to measure y e Eight Plant- 
ations of Sahtekook Containing in all two hundred mor- 
gan of Low Land & fourty morgan of up land, and they 
are to have for their trouble whilst they are out for this 
affairs Seven Shillings pr diem upon their own Charge 

This day mr. Rob 1 Livingston Jun & Conraet ten Eyk 
brought in their ace 1 of makeing of y e Bridge over y e 
Rutten kill in ye Street Calld y e fodde mart, amounting 




The City Records. 187 

in all after 2: 9: is deducted, wh is payd to them 
7: 14: 4\ vvh is approved of by y e Commonalty & orderd 
y l those Persons are to have Cred 1 in y e Citty Book for 
what there is due to them 

Albany the 14th of Octobr 1708. This day being ap- 
pointed by y e Charter of y e Citty of Albany for y e alder- 
men, assistants, Constable & Chamberlain of ys Citty of 
albany afores d , to be Sworn according to the Return 
thereof made in y" Clerks office on y e 29th of September 
Last who are as follows viz 1 

The First Ward 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Robert Livingston Junr Coenraet Ten 
Myndert Schuyler Ryer Gerritse 

k Cornells Schermerhoorn Constable 

The Second Ward 
Aldermen. Assistants. /& '-. t. 

Johannis Roseboom Gerrit Rosebpom 

Nanning Harmense Harpert Jacobse 

Baltus van Benlhuysen Constable 

The Third Ward 

Aldermen. Assistarts. 

Hendrick Hansen Abraham Schuyler 

Frans Winne JohsD Wandlaer Jun 

Benjamin Eghbertse Constable 
Barent Egbertse Chosen for high Constable 

Anthony Bradt Chosen Chamberlain 
Evert Banker Sworn mayor the 23th of Octobr 1708 

[The oaths are recorded, but being the same as those 
at p. 219, vol. iii, are omitted here.] 

At a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of albany 
this 2 d day of December 1 708. Present Evert Banker 
mayr. J Abeel Recordr. H: Hansen Frans winne 
J : Roseboom mynd 1 Schuyler R l Livingston Jun aldn. 
C. T. Eyk G". Roseboom Ryer Gerritse harpert 
Jacobse Johs d wandlaer Junr assts 

It is Resolved by y e Commonalty to appoint the fol- 



188 The City Records. 

lowing Persons to be fyre masters within this Citty for 
y ? year next Ensueing viz 1 Johs van ale Casper van 
hocse for y e first ward & Barent Ten Eyk & Niecolas 
Bleeker for y c Second ward & P: waldron & Dirk Brant 
for y e third ward, & y l a warrant Shall be Issued to them 
to goe Round & view y c fyres & Chimnys within y e Cit'ty 
& y l all Such houses were a foul Chimney Shall be found, 
to forfeit y e Sum of three Shillings for y e behoof of y c 
S d fyre masters, & wheresoever fyre is kept dangerous to 
forbidd y e Same, as they will answer to y e Contrary on 
Penalty of forfeiting y e Sume of Six Shillings to y e be- 
hoof of y e S d fyre masters who are to Sue for y e Same 

It is ordred that all those Persons who have farm'd 
any of y Plantations of Sachkook Shall be warned to 
appear in y e Citty hall y e 13th of this Instant month de- 
cember, to hear what y e Commonalty Shall then Propose 
to them 



December 13, 1708. Upon y e humble Request of John 
CuylerEsqr: Dirk vandr heyden, Johs harmense, Danl 
Ketelhuyn, Johs D wandlaer Junr, Cornelis van Beuren 
& Corset vedder of y 6 Citty & County of albany who 
have farmd Each five & twenty morgan Low Land & five 
morgans of up Land of ye Land belonging to y e S d 
Citty calld shaahtekook, y e Comonalty on Consideration 
thereof have Resolved for y c Encouragem 1 of Setling the 
Said Lands that when y e above named Persons shall 
have divided two hundred morgans of low land out of 
that Land already measured (as by y e draft thereof may 
appear) and layd out, in Eight Equall quantitys that 
Each twenty five morgans low land and that fifty morgans 
of upland are to be layd out by ordr of y e Commonalty 
So Convenient for the Said Lands that it be not on y e 
high of y e hills nor of the Low land under y e hills, that 
then y e Commonalty Shall Exchange Indentures in Like 
form as that Indenture made between the above named 
Persons and the S d mayr, in behalf of y e S d Commonalty 
dated the first of Septembr Last, with the following 
abatement that in Stead of forty five Bussels of wheat 



The City Records. 189 

Thirty Seaven & a half Bussels good marchantable wheat 
and that if in y e first Six years Ensueing y e first of Sepr 
Last (in wh time no Rent is to be Paid) the quiet Pos- 
session or Settlement of ye S d farms be hindred by y e 
Enemy that Such time of hinderance Shall not be Rekond, 
untill such time they or any of them doth or may quietly 
possess y e S d farm or farms 

January 3, 170. This day y 6 following mony is paid 
on ace 1 of y e lands lying upon Schtekook according agree- 
ment made on y e day 

from Corset vedder by y c hands of 

Cap 1 mynd 1 Schuyler 60 dollars 16: 10 

from Cornelis van Beuren by y 6 
hands of mr. Robt Livingston 

Junr by weight is 11 : 16: 6 

& 17 dollars 4: 13: 6 16: 10 

from Johs Harmense by tale .... 5: 15: 6 

by weight 2:12:3 

& 29 dollars 8: 2:3 16:10 

from Johs D wandlaer Junr by w l 7: 12 _ 

by weight 2 : 18 : 

In dollars 6: 16: 10 

from mr. John Cuyler for so much 
there was due to him from this 

Citty 14: 10: 

and in cash 7 dollars & 18d 2 : 16:10 

82: 10 
13: 1 




54: 19 
16: 10 




110; 
[Annals *.] 16 



ISO The City Records. 

NB: Paid to mr. Rob 1 Livingston Junr, Gerrit Rose- 
boom & Conraet ten'Eyk for y e service & seeing y e 
lands of Schtekook measur'd 6: 6 

to Gysbert Livingston for Surveaing y e 

s d lands 10 dollars & 10 6: 

to Evert Banker Esqr for y c hire of his 

waggon 15 

13: 1 

y e 6: 6: is p d in Tale ' 4: 15: 6 

weight : , 10:6 

6: 6:0 

January 5, 170f . It is ordred by y e Commonalty y l 
200 load of good fire wood be Ridd for y e militia guards 
within this Citty, & y l y e assessors bee forthwith served 
with a warrent to asses & make an Estimate of all & Every 
y e Inhabitants & freeholders within this Citty for y e same 
& to bring in their Return to nir. mayor on or before y e 
1 1th of this Instant January, wh fire wood is to be layd 
between the two block houses on or before y e 15th In- 
stant y e Entring thereof is to be made unto mr. Hansen 
& mr Johs Roseboom, & if not Entred shall be accounted 
as if not Ridd. 

upon Information of his Excy John lord lovelace govr. 
Genlls. arrivall at new york, it is thought fitt by y e Com- 
monalty y l an address bee sent to Congatilute his Excys 
save arrivall unto his governn^of new york &c, & y l mr. 
J: abeel mr. H Hansen & mr. R 1 Livingston Junr be a 
Committee to make a draft of y e such an address in order 
y l y 6 Commonalty may have view thereof to morrow 
Evening 

January 8, 170f. Pursuant to y e Resolution in Com- 
mon Councill on y e 5 past to draw an adress to Con- 
gratulate his Excy my Lord lovelace his arrivall to his 
governm* wh is done accordingly & Signd by y e mayr Re- 
cord, aldn& assistants, and having the opportunity of John 
Abeel Esq. his going to new york have given y e same unto 
his Care to deliver y 6 S d adress to his Excy accordingly 



T/i City Records. 151 

The Petition of Jobs knickenbackerfc dirk van vechten 
whereby they desire y e water Kun on the hemacks lull at 
Schachtekook ware a Conveniency may be found fit to 
Errect a Saw mill on together with a Priviledge to cut 
Saw logs within y e Citty bound there for y e use of Such 
mill & as also Grond needful! were Such mill shall be 
Erected, being read is Refered till further Consideration. 

Francois winne Esqr makes Application to y e Com- 
monalty for y e lik Priviledgcs as above mentioned, 
which is likewise referred till further consideration. 

The Commonalty have Resolved and Concluded that 
whosoever of Said members as Shall absent him self 
not dully appear in Common Councill when warning 
to them or at their house shall forfeit y e sum of three 
shillings for Each such neglect to be Levyd by his or 
their goods & Chattels 

Pursuant to y c Resolution on y e 5 of y e Instant to Issue 
warrants to y e assessor of ys Citty to make an estimate 
of all & every y e freeholders & Inhabitants with y c Citty 
for 200 load of fire wood for y e militia Guards wh they 
have now deliverd y e Returns, in order y l particular Bil- 
lets be Drawn & given out y l y e same wood be Kide on or 
before y e 15 of this Instant upon penalty of forfeiting for 
Each load of wood as shall not be Ridd y e sume of three 
shillings yet be oblidged to Ride their full quota y e wood 
excepted to be Ridd to y c s d Guards is Green Pine mapple 
linde wilge wood. 

February 8, 170 ). Evert Banker Esqr mayr acquaints 
the Commonalty that severall Inhabitants who live within 
this Citty, have made their complaints to him by reason 
as they alJedge y l some souldiers of Collo. P Schuylers 
Company are to heavy quarterd, the Commonalty takeing 
the same in to consideration, and orderd that all Persons 
who have souldiers too heavy quarterd upon them, 'which 
shall make their Complaints to the said mayr: that he 
Shall Release Such Persons at his discretion 

April 8, 1709. Whereas mr. Charles Congrove & other 
of her majests officers haveing made application to mr. 



192 The City Records. 

Mayr for quartering the Recrute Souldiers in the Said 
Citty whereupon Mr. Mayr haveing Called a Common 
Councel to Consider on that matter who Resolve that 
they be quartered in the Citty block housen on the south 
Side of Said Citty 



May 28, 1709. Mr. Johs. D'wandlaer Jr. Danll Ketel- 
huyn, Johs. Knickebacker Dirk Van Vechten, who 
have farmed Each a farm of y e Land belonging to this 
Citty, Called Schachtekook appeared before the Comon- 
alty & desired in behalf of y e rest y e farmers, that the 
Comonalty would be Pleased to appoint some persons of 
y e Commonalty to view y e Loots of Land upon Schach- 
tekook, by them measured what is wanting to their pro- 
portion 

The Commonalty have taken y e same into consideration 
& do referr y e same till they can more Conveniently go to 
view y e s d Lands 

Henry Holland Esqr: high Sherif delivered sometime 
since the following Petition viz 1 
To the mayr aldn & asts of y e Citty of albanyin Comon 

Councill The Petition of Henry Holland Esqr high 

Sherrif of y e Citty & County of albany Sheweth: 
"That Some time Since yr Petitioner bought a certain 
Lott of ground of Richard wilson formerly a Souldier of 
this garrison Lying & being within this Citty adjoyning to 
y e west End of y e Buriall Place, on y e South Side of y e s d 
Citty, & being desireous to have his Title Confirm 'd to 
y e Same as far as may be in y e Power of yr worships 

The Commonalty have taken y e s d Petition unto con- 
sideration & doe referr y e same till they further Inquire 
relating ye title of y e s d Lott of ground 



July 26, 1709. The mayor Produced an order from 
y p honbl 6 Coll Rich d Ingoldseby Lew 1 , governour & Com- 
mandr in Cheife setting forth y l y c fortifications of this 
Citty are very much out of Repair, wh renders y e Inhabit- 
ants thereof and of y e country round about (who in time 
of danger may Resort hither) very unsccure, and there- 



The City Records. 193 

fore directs & Requires y" Mayor to cause all y 6 Inhabit- 
ants of y e s d Citty who are able to work to put y e said 
fortifications in y 6 best repair & order they possible can 

It is y e opinion of y e Common Councill y l it will be 
impossible for y e Citty to be Repaired at presnt in reguard 
y e Inhabitants y l are able to work are Imployd in y e Ca- 
noes to carry up purvisions & in y e wagons to Carry up 
amunition to y army, & to go up with y e genl on horse- 
bak to y e camp 

August 1, 1709. The, Mayr & aldermen & Comissrs 
for y e Expedition to Canada haveing under Consideration 
y e weak Condition of this Citty & County being y e 
frontier next to y e Enemy by Reason y l most of their 
ablest men are gone volunteers in y e presnt Expedition 
ags 1 Canada & oyrs employd dayly to carry up provisions 
& ammunition to y e Army posted at y e wood Creek, are 
apprehensive if y 3 forts built now for the securing y e 
provisions & forwarding y e same to y e Camp be not Se- 
cured by a garrison of Souldiers it will be of ill Conse- 
quence doe therefore most humbly make their application 
to y 6 honbl e Coll francis nicholson genl & Commandr in 
Chiefe of all her majes forces y l goe by land for y e Re- 
ducing of Canada, desireing his honr that he would be 
pleased to leave Such a number of officers & Souldiers 
in said 3 forts as he shall think requisit to Prefer a com- 
munication be tween us & ye army to secure the frontiers 
& to be assistant in y e Transportation of Provisions & 
ammunition for y e use of y e s d forts till y e Expedition 
shal be over as formerly & y e Mayor Recorder & Majr 
Dirk wessels are directed to wait upon y" generall here- 
with, By order R l Livingston Clerk 

y Mayor Recorder & Major wessels waited upon y e 
genl with y c 'above adresse who was pleased to answer 
y l as soon as he come to y ? camp he would Call a Coun- 
cill of war & doe what lay in his power for ye securing 
y 6 said fort for y e Purposes afores d & Recommended them 
to send a Copy of it to y e Lew 1 govr & Councill at 
n york, 



194 The City Records. 

Att a meeting of the Mayor aldermen & Commonalty 
of the Citty of albany & the Justices of the s d Citty 
& County of albany In the Citty hall of the Citty 
of albany the 13th day of Septembr 1709: Present, 
Evert Banker Mayr. Hend : Hansen Joh : Roseboom 
Rob 1 Livingston jr. France winne aldn. Koenraet Ten 
Eyke Ryer Gerittse Joh: d: Wandelaer Commonl 1 . 
Derrick Wesslse David Schuyler Joh: Mingael Al- 
bert Rykman Justices. 

By the Mayr aldermen and Commonality of the Citty of 
albany and the Justices of the peace of the Citty and 
County of albany: 

AN ORDINANCE. 

Whereas it hath been found by Experience that the 
Selling or Giveing of Rum and other Strong Liquer to 
the Indians of this Citty and County hath been verry 
prejudiciall in time of warr and other Services for the pre- 
venting the like for the future That if any person or per- 
sons whatsoever within this Citty or County of albany 
Shall from and after the date hereof till further order of 
the Gour. Councill & General assembly Shall presume to 
Give Sell or otherwise Dispose of any Rum brandy 
Spirits wine beer ale Syder or any other Strong Liquors 
whatsoever to any Indian or Indians within the Said 
County being therof Lawfully Convicted before the Mayr 
or Recorder of albany or any Justices of the peace of the 
Said Town or County of albany Shall for Every Such 
offence forfeit the Sume of 'fourty Shillings one half 
thereof for the use of the Informer and the other half to 
the use of the Corporation of albany to be Levyd by 
Distress and Sale of the offenders goods by Warrant un- 
der the hand of the person or persons before whom such 
Conviction shall be 

God Save the queen 

September 13, 1709. By virtue of an actt of General 
assembly Entitulated a bill to Enable the Mayr Recdr 
aldermen & Commonality of the Citty of albany for the 
Time being to Raise Moneys for defraying the pubKcq and, 
Nessessary Charges of this Citty 



The City Records. 195 

Itt is Resolved by the Mayr Aldermen & Commonality 
that a Tax be layd on the JJreholders Inhabitants Resi- 
dents & Sojourners of the said Citty of albany to Raise 
Sixty pounds for Repaireing the Citty Stockadoes & de- 
fraying the public & nessei sary charges to which End the 
Warrants be Issued out to the severall assessors of the 
said Citty to make an Estimate thereof and bring in 
there Returnes to y e Clarks office on or before the 1 6th 
instant Septembr 

Its also further Resolved that Mr. Koeraet Ten Eyke 
is appointed Manager to yepare the said Citty Stockadoes 
forthwith & to gett hands to help to Repare the same to 
the best advantage for the Citty for which Managem 1 and 
Trouble he is to have 5s : 6 pr day for Each day he is 
actually manageing 

September 17, 1709. Pursuant to an order of a Cornon 
Councill of y e 13th past to y c assessors of y e Citty of 
albany to make an estamate of y s d : & deliver y e same 
in this day wh they have done amounting to y e Sume of 
5890: have Layd 2Jd on y e pound, wh make 61: 7: 
& orderd y e Clerk to draw out y e Lists & warrant to 
warnaer Carstense Collector to Collect y same on or be- 
fore the first of October next & to pay y e same to anthony 
Bradt Treasurer 

It is ordred by y e Common Councill to put up a billet on 
y" Church giveing thereby notice to all Persons of this 
Citty of albany who have any accounts with y e s d Citty 
that they Give in y c same to anthony Bradt on or before 
y e 24 of this Instant 

It is further Resolved by y 6 Commonalty & have ap- 
pointed Mr. hend : hansen Mr. Johs Roseboom & Mr. Rob 1 
Livingston Junr: aldn: and abrah: Schuyler & Job D 
wandelaer, a commitee to view & audit y e Citty accounts 
on y e 25 of this Instant & to make return thereof by y 6 
next Common Councill 

September 26, 170.\ Johannis Visscher appears in 
Common Councel and informs that Some Inhabitants 
Of the said Citty are not assest in the last assesmerU 



196 The City Records. 

made the 13 Instant, Is Resolved the assessors meet and 
Rectifie the Same and make there Returne att or before 
the 27th Instant 

October 13, 1709. >It is Resolved y l a minute by made 
y l y e Comnalty of this Citty, on y e 8th Instant, where at 
Scaahtekook in order to Lay out y e hoffsteads for y e 
Severall Tenants, & to give ym their proportion of land, 
.according to a minute made in Comon Councill on y e 13 
of Decembr Last, wh is performed accordingly and In* 
dentures given this day & date viz : to Johs D wandlaer 
Junr, Johs. harmens vischer, Corset vedder, Danl. Ketel* 
huyn, & to Johs. Knickenbacker in Stead of Cornells van 
Beuren at his own request. Likewise to Lewis viele in 
Stead of Dirk vanderheyden, & to Dirk van vechten in 
Stead of Mr. John Cuyler, likewise at his request 

October 14, 1709. This day being appointed by the 
Charter of the Citty of albany, for y e aldermen assists 
assessors, Constables & Chamberlain of the Citty to be 
sworn who are as follow viz 1 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

mynd 1 Schuyler Ryer Gerritse 

Robert Livingston Junr Coen ; Ten Eyk 
Isaac Lansing Constable, 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Ger 1 Roseboom Hend : Roseboom . 

ab ; Cuyler Bar 1 Sanders 

hend. Ten Eyk Constable. 

Third Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

hend ; hansen Johs D wandlaer Jr 

Abraham Schuyler Tho: Harmense 

Jan Delamont Constable. 

made Choise of Baltus van Benthuysen for high Con- 
stable. 
Anthony Bradt for Chamberlain. 



The City Records. 197 

October 26, 1709. Mr. hend: hansen acquaints y e 
Commonalty that majr. wessels one of y c Patentees of 
Sarachtoge desired to have y e money due to ym from y 6 
Commonalty for y e release of some lands of Sachtekook. 
The Comonalty have orderd y l what money is in hand 
shall be given to s d majr. wessel & take his Receipt for 
y e same, & have appointed Mr. hend. hansen, Mr. Rob 1 
Livingston Junr, & Coenraet ten Eyk a Commitee to re- 
ceave y" afores H money of mr. Evert Banker Late mayr, 
to y e End yt y e same be given to y e afores d majr. wessels, 
have also Appointed y e afres d three persons a Committe 
to enquire what money Anthony Bradt Citty Treasurer 
has Rec cl of y e late Citty Tax of 60 : & make the Return 
thereof next Court day. 



At meeting of the Comon Councill held at y ? Citty 
hall of albany the 29th of October 1709. Present, 
Mr. John abeel Recordr. hend; hansen Rob 1 Liv- 
ingston Jr. Ab : Schuyler Ab : Cuyler ger* Roseboom 
aldemen. Coenraet Ten Eyk Ryer gerritse bar 1 
Sanders hend. Roseboom Thomas harmense Johs D 
wandlaer Jr: asts. 

Whereas Mr. Recordr hath produced Comunicated & 
laid before this meeting a Letter from mr. John Cuyler, 
mr. mynd 1 Schuyler, & Mr. henry Renselaer Representa- 
tives of y 6 Citty & County of albany present at new 
york assembled, by wh s d letter it doth amongst oyr 
things appear y l it is agreed by y e assembly To Raise 
Sixty pounds to Repare iive block housen in albany & to 
build one new block house, and also y l one hundred & 
fifty five pounds is to be Raised to Supply y e garrison at 
Albany & Schaennechtady with fire wood & Candles. 

Resolved y l y" s' d Comon Councill Shall endeavor To 
agree wth any person or persons who shall be willing to 
build & Repair y s d blockhousen, and to supply y e s d 
garrison wth wood & Candles, and have for y l purpose 
appointed mr. abraham Schuyler & mr. ab: Cuyler, & 
Johs D wandlaer Junr & Tho. harmense to view y e s d old 
blockhousen what neccessary Repair there is wanting, as 



198 The City Records. 

also to see were a Convenient place may be to build a 
new block house & to bring a Report thereof on Thursday 
next at nine a Clock in y' morning 

November 1, 1709. John Radleff appears here & gives 
Information y 1 y e gates of y e Citty are so much out of 
repaer, that he is not able to lock s d gates. Resolved y l 
y e Recordr apply to Jacob bogard to Repaer y e same at y e 
Charge of y e Citty. 

Whereas rar. hendrick hansen, mr. R l Livingston Jr. 
& Coenraet Ten Eyk_were on the 26th of October Last 
past appointed by y e Common Councill to pay to major 
wessels one of the pattentees of Sarachtoge what money 
Shall be found in Cash as also to Inquire what money 
anthony Bradt Citty Treasurer has Rec d of y e Sixty 
pound Tax, do produce a Receipt that they have paid 
unto Collo. Pr. Schuyler Jan Janse bleeker Johs Schuyler 
& maj wessels The Sume of Seventy one pound Seaven 
Shillings, being in part of one hundred & teen pounds 
due to the Pattentees of Sarachtoge, So y l there is yet 
Remaining due to y c s d pattentees thirty eight pounds 
thirteen Shillings for y e paym 1 thereof. It is Resolved 
that the mayor for y e Ensueing year shall give his bound 
for y e Same with useull Intress In behalf of y e Com- 
monalty. 

The Committe appointed on y e 29 Octobr Last past 
to view y e blockhousen &c, do bring their report y l y e 
Erecting of a new block house would be more convenient 
at y e north east corner of y Citty behind Mr. abraham 
Schuylers and y l for y e Repair of y e old block housen 
there shall be wanting above Sixty or Seaventy boards 
besides oyr matteriall whereupon it is Resolved y 1 y e Re- 
cordr, ger 1 Roseboom, abrahm Schuyler Esqr aldrn : & 
Coenraet Ten Eyk & Johs. D wandlaer Jr, assistants be 
a Committee to agree wth Such Carpenters oyr persons 
as will undertake to build y e s d block house on Cred 1 of 
an act of generall assembly Intended to be made of sixty 
pound to be applyed to y' use & Repairing y e old block- 
housen as by y letter of advice of y e Representatives of 
y e Citty & County of albany. 






The City Rftords. 199 

At a meeting of y c Recordr, aldermen & assts of y e 
Citty of albany and y e Justices of y c s d Citty & 
County in y e Citty hall of albany the 15th of no- 
vembr 1709. Present, John abeel Recordr. hend. 
hansen ger 1 Roseboom Abraham Schuyler aldn. Alb 1 
Ryckman Jonas Dow David Schuyler Johs. mingael 
Justices. Coen: Ten Eyk Johs D wandlaer Ryer 
gerritse Bar 1 Sanders assts. 

Whereas Complaints have been made to this meeting 
by some of y" officers of her majes standing forces here 
in garrison that y e souldi^rs dayly Sell & dispose of their 
provission and oyr neecessarys to them belonging & do 
spend money thereof dayly, so y l if in Case timely Care 
be not taken to prevent y e same it would tend to y e ruine 
of s d garrison, ordred therefore y l no person or persons 
within y e k s d Citty & County shall presume to buy purchase 
take in pawn any provisions Cloathing or other necces- 
sarys to y c s d soldiers belonging under any pretence 
whatever upon penalty & forfeiture of Twenty Shillings 
for every such offence & Restore such provisions or other 
things bought or purchased as above, to y e owners thereof 
without any Recompence & ordred y l } e Contents hereof 
be Publiched & affixed at y e Church 

November 15, 1709. Whereas Mr. Johs. harmense 
vicher Comes & makes application to this meeting y l he 
is Resolved to dispose of & selly 1 Certaine Tract of Land 
Lying at Schaachtekook by him farm'd on y e thirteenth 
day of October last past of y e mayor aldermen & Comon- 
alty as by Certaine Indentures made and Concluded on 
& between y 6 s d mayor aldermen & Commonalty and y c 
s d Johs. harmense vischer on v e s d 13th day of Octobr 
afores d it may appear by wh s d Indentures y s d Johannis 
visher is obliged to give y e Refusall thereof to y e mayr al- 
dermen & Commonalty of y e s d Citty pursuant to why 6 s d 
Johs. vischer offers y s d land to this meeting and says y l he 
has sold y 6 s d land to marten dellemont upon such Con- 
dition that if this meeting shall be satisfyed with the 
Same, this meeting haveing Considered y 6 matter & 



200 The City Records. 

Examined y e s d marten dellemont who in his own person 
is here appeared and owns y 1 he has bought y e said Land 
upon Such terms & Conditions as y e s d Johannis Visher 
had farmd y e same from y e mayor aldermen & Com- 
monalty. Resolved that the s d marten Dellemont be 
from henceforth accepted Deemd & Esteemd in y e Rome 
& stead of y s d Johannis harmense Visher. 

It is further Resolved that Mr. hendk hansen & Mr. 
Abraham Schuyler be overseers & managers of y e build- 
ing of y e new block house on y e north East Corner of y e 
s d Citty and to buy Purchase & gett such neccessarys as 
Shall be wanting to y 6 building & finishing of y e Same. 



November 21, 1709. Mr. Recorder acquainted y e 
Commonaly y l the officers (Belonging to her majes Regu- 
lar forces) have made their Complaints to him that they 
have no fire wood for y e fort & block housen where the 
Soldiers are quartered in 

And whereas there is an act made for y e defraying y (% 
Charge of fire wood & Candles for y e garrisons of albany 
& Schaennechtady to y e first day of april next 

It is therefore Resolved by the Commonalty To give 
notice by y e Cryer to all persons within this Citty to ap- 
pear here in y 6 Citty hall to morrow at one a Clock in 
y e afternoon to y e End y l y 6 Same may be farmd out by 
a Public outcry to y 6 farrest bidder. 

At a meeting of y 6 recorder aldn of the Citty of albany 
& The Corns of the Indian affairs together wth the 
Comms for manageing y e affairs of y e Expedition in 
Albany y e 22th novr. 1709. Present Mr John abeel 
Recordr. mr. mynd 1 Schuyler mr. Ab. Schuyler Mr 
Ab. Cuyler feer 1 Roseboom aldn. mr hend hansen 
Mr John Cuyler Leu 1 henry holland Coins for y e In- 
dian affairs. 

Whereas there is an act of generll assembly of y 6 Col- 
lony of n : york To defray y Charge off firewood & 
Candles for her majes garrison of albany & Schaennech- 
tady for this winter, The Recordr aldermen & y e Corns 
of y e Indian affairs, are therefore willing to farm the 



The City Records. 201 

same out to any person or persons who are Inclind to 
farm y e furnishing of y e afores d garrison's or any part of 
y e same at such Reasonable Rate & Terms as Shall be 
agreed on. 

The wood wh is to be Ryde for y 6 garrison of albany 
& Schaennechtady by y e persons who shall farm y 6 furn- 
ishing thereof is whyt & blak oak, Epr 6 , water Esh & 
wood beyl Steel, & no oyr sort whatsoever. The persons 
who undertake to furnish y c garrisons or any part thereof 
as afores d Shall receive Such Summe & Sumes of money 
as Shall be agreed on of Collo Abraham D Peyster 
Treasurer of ye Collony en y e Receipt of warrants to be 
Drawn on him for y e paym 1 thereof by y e Corns of the 
Indian affairs or y 6 Corns for managing y e Expedition. 

Cap 1 Phill Schuyler hath undertaken to furnish her 
majes garrison of Schaennechtady with fire wood & Can- 
dles till the first day of may now next Ensueing for y e 
sum of thirty three pounds currant money to be paid as 
aforesaid. 

Nov. 29, 1709. Capt. Evert Banker, late mayor, de- 
livered unto Mr. John Abeel Esq., present mayor, y e 
papers and writeings belonging to this Citty (viz 1 ) 

The Citty Charter 

The Patent & Transport of Hen. Rensselaer 

The Patent & Transport of Pr. V. Brugh 

2 Indian Deeds of Schachticook 

Indenture between y e Commonalty and those who have 
farmed y 6 Land of Schachtkcook 

A List of those persons who gave money for spyes in 
y e war of 1708. 

The late mayor produced an ace 1 of seventy one pound 
'"seven shill's which he payd to a Committee appointed by 
y e Commonalty on y e past, do therefore hereby dis- 

charge him of y afores d sume of money 

It is resolved to appoint y e following persons for fire- 
masters in this Citty for y e ensuing year, viz. for y e first 
ward, Anthony Van Schaick, Peter Bronk; 2 d ward, 
Cornells Van Schelluyne, Johannis Vinhagen; 3 d ward, 
Matheys Nak, Dirk Bradt ; who are to goe Every fourth- 

[ Annals v.] 17 



202 The City Records. 

night to view y e Chimneys, hearths, fireplaces & Stables 
where futther is kept within ys Citty, & where they find 
any chimneys, hearths or lire Places where fyre is kept, 
or Stables where futther is dangerously kept to fine y e 
owner in y e sume of 6p for Each offence for their own use. 

December 9, 1709. Whereas complaints have been 
made by sundry persons y l y 6 Tavrin keepers within this 
Cittys Liberties thereof, do Entertain Several! Soldiers 
(belonging to this her majties garrison) at unseasonable 
hours of the night : These are therefore to prevent the 
Like for y e future 

That no victualler Tavrin or Inkeeper within y e s d Citty 
& Liberties Shall on no pretence whatsoever Entertain 
or keep in his home any Soldier or Soldiers (belonging 
to y e s d garrison) after y e Ringing of y e bell at night on 
pain & penalty of forfeiting y e Sume of Six Shill. for 
Each Soldier so kept or Entertaind, to be p d by y e Land 
Lord master or mistrees of Such Tavrin to be Sued for 
by y e Sheriff or any of her majes Constables or any other 
person, for y e use of ym selfs, who are to sue for y e same 
before any of her majties Justices of y 6 Peace 

That no person or persons within y e s d Citty & y e 
Liberties thereof shall from henceforth on no pretence 
whatsoever give dispose or sell to no negro man or wo- 
man any beer Rum or any oyr Strong Drink, nor to take 
any thing or things of ym in paun on pain & penalty of 
forfeiting y e sume of Thirty Shills. fof* every such offence 
to be Recovered by y e Sherriff or any of her majties 
Constables, who are to Sue for y e Same 

'1 hat no person or persons whatsoever shall Ryde on 
horse bak wagon or Slee throw y e Streets of this Citty 
faster yn on a Small Trot, on pain & penalty of for- 
feiting Six Shill. for Every offence for y e use of him who 
Shall Sue for y e Same. 

January 5, 170^. Pursuant to an order of y e Com- 
monalty of this Citty to Committe appointed on y 6 27 of 
Decembr Last to view how many Stockadoes and what 
firewood there shall be wanting for this Citty, do bring 



The City Records. 203 

in there report that 1600 Stockadoes and 200 Load of fire 
wood are wanting for this Citty and Blockhouse, have 
therefore ordered y l an ass 1 shall be issued to y assessrs 
of this Citty for y e equally assessing all y e Inhabitants of 
y 6 s d Citty for y e ryding of 1600 Stockadoes of good pine 
wood of 13 foot in length and 12 inches over, and 200 
load of fire wood for y e s d blockhouse and bring in a list 
under their hands and seals on or before y e of this instant 
in y 6 Clark's office. 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty hall of Albany, 
y 6 10th of January lift. Present, May. John Abeel, 
Rob 1 Livingston Jr., Hend. Hansen, Abrahm Cuyler. 

Upon y 6 request of Henry Holland Esq. high sheriff of 
y 6 s d Citty and County unto us to have y* goods ap- 
praised of Liev 1 Benjamin Wilkings deceased, do therefore 
hereby require and command" Mr. Thomas Williams and 
Rob 1 Livingston to appraise y e goods of y e said Benjamin 
Wilkings, and to bring a true inventary thereof, under 
your hands unto on or before y e 12th inst. 

Att a Common Counciil held in y" Citty hall of Albany 
the 12th Jan., 17*$. Present the mayor and nine 
of the board. 

Whereas the Commonalty thought it highly necessary 
that ttiere should be Ryde 1600 Stockadoes for y e forti- 
fying y e s d Citty (Being y e Stockadoes are Roaten and 
Decayd) and 200 Load wood for y e Guards, by y e inha- 
bitants of y e s d Citty, and did for that purpose issue a 
warrant on y 5th instant to y e assessrs of this Citty to 
make an estimate of y e s d 200 Load of wood and 1600 
Stockadoes, but Capt. Pr. van Brugh, one of y e assessors 
of y e s d Citty doth absolutely refuse to make any such 
assessment, y e act for that purpose being out of force, so 
that by such means the Ryding of Stockadoes doth not 
proceed, however y e night guards cannot be kept without 
fire wood. 

It is theiefore Resolved y l y e Commonalty do meet 
again here at one aclock in y afternoon in order to make 
an estimate of 200 Load of fire wood for y* 5 s d Guards on 
y* freeholders and inhabitants of this Citty. 



204 The City Records. 

The Commonalty have made an estimate of 200 Load 
of fire wood for y e Guards on the freeholders and inha- 
bitants of this Citty, and ordered that the respective 
notes shall be drawn out forthwith by the Clark and 
given to the Constables of each ward in order to warn y e 
Inhabitants for y e Rydeing their quota on or before the 
20th instant. 

January 21. Whereas there is a Detachment made 
of several men belonging to this county to lye and guard 
in this Citty of Albany, it is ordered by y e Commonalty 
that Mr. Mayor shall issue billets for y e quartering of s d 
men. 

February 13. Whereas the pattentees of Sarachtoga, 
having demanded thirty eight pounds 13 pence due them 
irom ys Citty on account of y e Land had from them, and 
whereas there is no money at present in Cash, it is there- 
fore Resolved by the Commonalty that Publick notice be 
put up that five and twenty morgan or fifty acres of Land 
scituate within y e bounds of Sachtekook belonging to the 
sd Citty near y e River syde adjoining to y e foot of y e steep 
hills that are between y e River and y e Schatekooks Land 
where y e buyer shall like it best, provided it be in one 
piece, are to be sold at publick vendue to y e highest bid- 
der, in y e Citty hall of y e s d Citty, on the 15th day of May 
now next ensueing, together with free Liberty of Cutting 
wood, fencing, building & fuel on y e s d Land only, & free 
grazing for cattle within y e vacant unappropriated land 
belonging to y e s d Citty, and that y e payments to be made 
according as y e same shall then be made known to them. 



February 22. The Church Wardens of y e neder Dutch 
Church, bring in a petition wherein they desire to have a 
Release from y 6 Commonalty of the Church Yard to them 
and their successors for ever, which was unanimously 
graunted, and y l a Release shall be drawn & given them. 

February 15. Whereas it is thought highly necessary 
that new Stockadoes be Ryde for the fortifications of this 



The City Records. 205 

Citty y 8 old ones being decay'd, for y e Reparation whereof 
1600 Stockadoes will be required, and Since y p assessors 
of this Citty have refused to make an assessem* thereof, 
alledgeing that there is no act of genii assembly to Com- 
pel them thereto, the Commonalty in Consideration of y 6 
absolute necessaty thereof, Especially whilst there are some 
french Spyes in Citty who have taken y e freedom to view 
y 6 Citty Stockadoes, & oyr fortification's of y e s d Citty 
Have Resolved y l 1600 Stockadoes of yellow pine of 14 
foot Long and one foot over at y" Smallest End, be Ryde 
by y e Inhabitants of this Citty before y e 13th of march 
next Ensueing according to y c assesment made by y e 
Commonalty 

March 7. It is Resolved by y e Comonalty y l notice 
be given to y c Inhabitants of this Citty by y e Constables 
to Show & give up how many Stockadoes they have Ryd for 
y* fortifing of y e s d Citty on Saturday next at two a Clock 
in y e afternoon. 

March 21. It is Resolved by y e Commonalty y l y e Con- 
stables of this Citty go round to warnd y e Inhabitants of 
y 6 s d Citty that they Square on two Sydes & y e bark 
peeld off & Sharpn of y e Stockadoes now Ryd for forti- 
fying y e Same to be done by a Carpenter or by themselfs 
if they can do it well, on or before y e first of april next. 

It is Resolved that Mr. hend hansen, Mr. Abraham 
Cuyler Esqr aldm & Coenraet ten Eyk be appointed a 
Committe to draw up a Petition to y e genl assembly of 
this Collony Representing y 6 State & Condition of these 
froiiteers, and bring a Report on Saturday next. 

March 25, 1710. According to y 6 resolution of y e Co- 
monalty on y e 21th past of y e Comitteeyn appointed have 
brought in a form of a Petition to y 6 genii assembly of 
this colloney of n: york for y 6 fortifying & Repairing 
this city wh is as followeth (viz 1 ) 

To the honble house of Representatives of y Colony of 
new york. The humble Petition of y e mayor Recordr 
aldermen & Comonalty of y e Citty of albany y Just 
ices of f s d Citty & County Humbly Sheweth: 



206 The City Records. 

Whereas the act of genii assembly of y e s d Colloney 
Entituled an act to Enable y e mayor Recordr aldermen & 
Comonality of y e Citty of albany for y e time being to 
Raise moneys for Defraying their Public & neccessary 
Charges annually, whereby y e s d mayor Recordr aldn & 
Comonalty were Enabled to raise yearly (for y e Space of 
three years) the Sume of Sixty Pound for Defraying 
their Public and neccessary Charges, as also to Tax for 
Raiseing new Stockadoes for y e s d Citty & Repairing y 6 
Same, together with fire wood for y" militia guards, the 
Said act being expir'd by own Limitation and Since it 
is highly requisite in time of war that y e fortifications of 
y e s d Citty should be kept in good & Sufficient Repair, 
we do therefore humbly pray y l y e Petitioners may be 
admitted to bring in a bill for the Repairing & fortifying 
y" s d Citty & Likewise to have a Clause in y e s d bill that 
y e rnayr, Recordr, aldn & Comonalty of the Said Citty 
for y e time being may be Enabled to Raise a Certain'e 
Sume of money for Defraying their Public & necessary 
Charges annually not Exceeding Sixty pounds & fire wood 
for y e militia guards. 

Whereupon the Comonalty have Resolved that a bill 
Be Drawn in form, in ordr to be given in to y e genii assem- 
bly of this Colony of new york Desireing an act whereby 
y e Justices of y e Citty & County of albany or y e major 
part of them may be Enabled to ordr the Rydeing of 
Stockadoes & Setting up y e Same Round y e Citty of albany 
for y 6 defence thereof to be done by y e Inhabitants of y e 
s d Citty & County. 

And that the mayor Recordr aldermen and Comonalty 
of y e Citty of albany for y e time being may be Enabled 
to Raise a Certain Sume of mony for Defraying their 
public & necessary Charges annually not Exceeding Sixty 
Pounds and fire wood for ye militia guards and y* a copy 
hereof be Deliverd to y e Representatives of this Citty 
and County before their going to n : york. 

It is Resolved by y e Comonalty that y e Stockadoes of 
this Citty Shall Be Sett up at or before the 15th of 
april next Ensueing, and that each aldn in his ward is to 
give notice thereof to y e Inhabitants thereof. 



(207) 



STATE STEEET BAPTIST CHURCH. 




In the year 1843, a subscription was started among 
the members of the Pearl Street Baptist church, and the 
Green Street church, for the purpose of raising funds to 
erect a building for a Baptist church, above the Capitol, 
as there was no church of the kind for the accommo- 
dation of the residents on the hill. Some individuals 
(Mr. Newton) went so far as to purchase the lot on which 
this edifice was finally erected. 

But the effort having failed, the next year William 
Newton, Samuel M. Fish, Eli Perry and Charles 
Joy, commenced the building which is represented at the 
head of this article. The expense of construction was 
about $14,500, which was shared as follows: Mr. New- 



208 State Street Baptist Church. 

ton $6250, Mr. Fish $6250, Mr. Perry $1000, Mr. Joy 
$500, Mr. Many $500. Subsequently Mr. Joy sold his 
part to James Wilson, who continues with the others 
named sole owners of the church and its fixtures. 

The gas fixtures, furnaces &c. are not included in the 
above estimate. The building cornering on State and 
High streets was constructed in 1845. It is con- 
structed of brick, and the interior as well as the exterior 
is a specimen of studied plainness united with neatness 
and durability. Its dimensions are 64 by 84 feet. It 
was erected under the supervision of Mr. W. V. Many ; 
the mason work was done by Mr. Wm. Knight, and 
the carpentry by Mr. Wm. Harrison. 

On the 15th of January 1846, the following individ- 
uals met in the lecture room for the purpose of organiz- 
ing themselves into a Baptist church : William New- 
ton, Sally D. Newton, Samuel M. Fish, Jane E. Fish, 
Charles Joy, Harriet Joy, Joel Marble, Nancy C. Marble 
Thomas W. Valentine, Harriet D. Valentine, Jacob 
Knapp, and Uriah St. John. 

Elder Knapp was chosen moderator, and S. M. Fish, 
secretary; after prayer by Elder Knapp the letters of 
dismission from the churches to which they previously 
belonged, were read, as follows: Jacob Knapp, from 
the First Baptist church, Hamilton, N. Y., and all the 
others from the Pearl Street Baptist church, Albany. 
Their organization as a church is expressed in the 
following words:-^ 

" Resolved, That we now, in the presence of God and 
of each other, do unite in, and form ourselves into a 
Baptist church, and do agree to walk together in 
church fellowship until God in his providence shall 
separate us; So help us to do, Almighty God!" 

" Resolved, That we take the name of and be known 
by the " State Street Baptist church in Albany." 

William Newton and Charles Joy were elected Dea- 
cons; and Samuel M. Fish, Church Clerk. They also 
adopted the following as the Articles of Faith, 



State Street Baptist Church. 209 



ARTICLES OF FAITH. 
ARTICLE I. THE BEING OF GOD. 

We believe in the existence of the " King eternal, im- 
mortal, invisible ; the only wise God; to whom we ascribe 
the glory of our salvation for ever and ever." 

ARTICLE II. THE DEITY OF CHRIST. 

We believe that Christ Jesus is the true God and 
Eternal Life ; that he is the only wise God, and Saviour. 
ARTICLE III. CREATION AND FALL OF MAN. 

We Relive that " God made man upright," and that * ' he 
has sought out many inventions." 

ARTICLE IV. RECOVERY OF MAN BY CHRIST. 

We believe, " In this was manifested the love of God 
toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son 
into the world that we might live through him," and " be- 
ing justified freely by His grace, through the redemption 
that is in Christ Jesus;" and " being justified by faith, we 
have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." 

ARTICLE V. INSPIRATION OF THE SCRIPTURES. 

We believe, "all scripture is given by inspiration of 
God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for cor- 
rection in righteousness," and that " the prophecy came 
not in old time by the will of man, but holy men spake 
as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." 
ARTICLE VI. NEW BIRTH. 

We believe, that " except a man be born again, he 
can not see the Kingdom of God ; " and " except a man be 
born of water and of the spirit, he can not enter into 
the Kingdom of God:" " marvel not that I said unto you, 
ye must be born again." 

ARTICLE VII ELECTION. 

We believe, " we are bound to give thanks always 
to God, for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because 
God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation 
through the sanctification of the Spirit, and the belief of 
the truth," " for whom he did foreknow, he also did pre- 
destinate," " to be conformed to the image of his son that 
he might be the first-born among many brethren." 



210 State Street Baptist Church. 

ARTICLE VIII. PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS. 

We believe that, " He that shall endure unto the end, 
shall be saved." '* And I gave unto them eternal life, and 
they shall never perish ; neither shall any pluck them 
out of my hand. My Father which, gave them unto me. 
is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them 
out of my Father's hand." 

ARTICLE IX. THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. " 

" Upon this rock I build my church, and the gates of. 
hell shall not prevail against it." 

ARTICLE X. THE CHURCH THE HIGHEST 
AUTHORITY OF APPEAL." 

" If he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the 
church ; but if he shall neglect to hear the church, let 
him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican." 
'* Verily I say unto thee, whatsoever ye shall bind on 
earth, shall be bound in heaven; and whatsoever ye 
shall loose on'earth, shall be loosed in heaven." 

ARTICLE XI. OFFICERS OF THE CHURCH. 

" Be ye not called Rabbi, for one is your Master, even 
Christ: all ye are brethren." " Call no man your father 
upon earth, for one is your Father which is in heaven:" 
"Neither be ye called master; for one is your master, 
even Christ;" ' and hath put all things under his feet, 
and given him to be the head over all things to the church 
which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in 
all." 

ARTICLE XII. ORDINANCES OF THE CHURCH. 

BAPTISM. Section 1. The Subjects. " If thou be- 
lievest with all thy heart, thou mayest ;" " repent, and be 
baptized every one of you." 

Section 2. The Ordinance. " We are buried with 
him by baptism ;" " Planted together in the likeness of his 
death;" " Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye 
are risen through the faith of the operation of God who 
hath raised him from the dead " 

COMMUNION. Section 1. Qualifications. "Repent 
and be baptized every one of you." " Let a man examine 
himself and so let hirn eat of this bread and drink of this 
cup ; for he that eateth and driuketh unworthily, eateth 



State Street Baptist Church. 211 

and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the 
Lord's body." " Now I pray you, brethren, that you re- 
member me in all things, and keep the ordinances as I 
delivered them to you." " Now we command you, brethren, 
in the name of the Lord Jesus Chiist, that ye withdraw 
yourselves from every brother that walks disorderly and 
not after the tradition which he received of us." 

Section 2. The Ordinance. "As they were eating, 
'Jesus took bread and blessed it, and brake it, and gave 
it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat ; this is my body. And 
he took the cup, and gave thanks and gave it to them, 
saying, Drink ye all of* it; for this is my blood of the 
New Testament which is shed for many for the remission 
of sins. And when they had sung a hymn, they went 
out to the Mount of Olives." 

ARTICLE XIII. CHRISTIAN SABBATH. 

*' Remember the sabbath day to keep.it holy. Six 
days shalt thou labor and do all thy work; but the 
seventh is the sabbath of the Lord thy God." 

ARTICLE XIV. RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD. 

"Why should it be thought a thing incredible with 
you that God should raise the dead ?" " For since by man 
came death, by man also came the resurrection of the 
dead :" '* Knowing that he which raised up the Lord 
Jesus, shall raise us up also by Jesus, and shall present 
us with you. 

ARTICLE XV. FINAL JUDGMENT. 

We believe " He hath appointed a day in which he 
will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom 
he hath ordained; " " For we must all appear before the 
judgment seat of Christ." "For God will bring every 
work into judgment, with every secret thing whether it 
be good or whether it be evil." 
ARTICLE XVI. FUTURE REWARD AND PUNISHMENT. 

"And these shall go away into everlasting punish- 
ment ; but the righteous into life eternal." " The wicked 
is driven away in his wickedness, but the righteous hath 
hope in his death." 

It was farther ordered at the same meeting that Elder 
Knapp should prepare a covenant for future consideration. 



212 State Street Baptist Church. 

The proprietors of the house had previously engaged 
Elder Jacob -Knapp, the distinguished evangelist, to preach 
the opening or dedicatory sermon, which he did in the 
afternoon of January 15, 1846. 

In accordance with a previous engagement, he (Elder 
Knapp) immediately commenced a protracted meeting, 
which was continued with great success through the 
entire winter. 

CHURCH COVENANT. Adopted March 5, 1846. 

We now solemnly covenant and agree before God, 
angels and men, to. give up ourselves to the Lord Je- 
hovah, Father, Son and Holy Ghost, and to consecrate 
ourselves, soul, body and spirit unreservedly to Him ; to 
lay our property, our all upon his altar, and to use the 
whole faithfully as stewards for the promotion of his 
kingdom and glory, as connected with the best interests 
of the world of mankind. 

We also covenant and agree to conduct toward each 
other as brethren and sisters, members of the same family; 
to watch over each other for good, to exercise that charity 
which thinketh no evil, but covereth a multitude of faults. 

We also agree to abstain from all disputing about 
words and questions which do not profit, but engender 
strife and debate ; to live in love and be at peace among 
ourselves, and to have the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
without respect of persons. 

We also agree to maintain the worship of God in our 
families daily ; to bring up our children in the nurture 
and admonition of the Lord; to abstain from all idle, 
vain, and unnecessary conversation on the sabbath, and 
strictly to observe that day as a day of rest and religious 
worship. We furthermore agree to give our influence 
against every thing bad, and in favor of every thing 
good, that we may do all in our power to prevent the 
greatest possible amount of misery and produce the 
greatest amount o-f happiness. 

All these things together with everything else enjoined 
upon us in the word of God, we do mutually agree to 



State Street Baptist Church. 213 

observe, relying upon His grace who hath said "I will 
never leave thee nor forsake thee." 

And may the God of peace sanctify us wholly, and 
preserve our whole spirits, soul and body blameless until 
the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. " Faithful is He 
who hath promised, who also will do it." Amen, Amen. 

During the same month, the church voted to callJacob 
Knapp as their pastor, which call was accepted. 

Up to this time, the church had not been recognized 
by the other Baptist churches as a regularly organized 
body, not having conformed to the usual custom of calling 
a council and receiving a public recognition. 

A council convened at the call of the State Street Bap- 
tist church, in Albany, April 14, 1846, for the purpose of 
determining the propriety of recognizing it as a regular 
Baptist church of our faith and order. Rev. B. T. Welch, 
of Albany, was chosen moderator, and Mr. Z. Richards, 
of Stillwater, was chosen clerk. 

The following were represented by their delegates'. 

1st Baptist church, Albany. Pastor William S, Clapp, 
and Messrs. R. C. Russell and Charles Pohlman. 

Pearl Street Baptist church, Albany. Pastor B. T. 
Welch, and Messrs. Friend Humphrey and Wm. Adams. 

South Baptist church, Albany. Pastor Stephen Wil- 
kins, and Messrs. Reuel Clapp and Alanson C. Churchill. 

Second Baptist church, Stillwater. Pastor Isaac Wes- 
cott, and Messrs. Zalmon Richards and Gotham Den- 
nison. 

1st Baptist church, Troy. Pastor G. C. Baldwin, and 
Messrs. Mattocks and Gibbs. 

1st Baptist church, Lansingburgh. Pastor W. W. 
Moore, and Messrs'. Brooks and Carter. 

1st Baptist church, Poughkeepsie. Pastor Charles Van 
Loon, and Messrs. Christian Mattern and Elisha Clark. 

1st Baptist church, Kinderhook. Messrs. James Drew 
and Anthony J. Loomis. 

State Street Baptist church. Pastor Jacob Knapp. 
and Messrs. Wm. Newton and Charles Joy. 

After a lengthy discussion of the articles of faith and 
practice adopted by the church, it was Resolved, that we 

[Annals v.] 18 



214 State Street Baptist Church. 

now recognize the State Street Baptist church of Albany 
as a regular church of our faith and order. 

In the evening of the same day, a sermon was preached 
by Rev. Mr. Wescott, and the right hand of fellowship 
extended to the church by Rev. Mr. Van Loon; the 
prayer of recognition was offered by Rev. Mr. Moore, 
and the church was addressed by Rev. Mr. Baldwin. 

The association of Baptist churches called the Hud- 
son River Baptist association, held its session in Albany 
on the 17th of June. 

The State Street Baptist church presented the follow- 
ing letter asking admission to that body : 
To the Hudson River Baptist Association : 

Dear Brethren Understanding the uniformity of sen- 
timent pervading the entire body of the Baptist denomi- 
nation, and believing that " union is strength," we re- 
spectfully ask admission to become a member of your 
body. Our church was organized on the 15th of January, 

1846, and recognized by a council of delegates from 
eight Baptist churches on the 14th of April following. 
At the time of our constitution, our church was com- 
posed of but twelve members. Since then we have 
received by baptism 135; by letter and experience 47; 
dismissed 3; leaving our present number 191. 

We send to sit with you in the association, our Pastor 

Jacob Knapp, Elder Charles Ferguson, our Deacons, Wm. 

Newton. A. T. Teall and Charles Joy, and brethren S. 

M. Fish, James Wilson, George Sand, and Uriah St. John. 

By order and in behalf of the church. 

S. M. FISH, Church Clerk. 
Albany, June 15th, 1846. 

The following is a list of the various pastors and of- 
ficers of the church up to this time : 

PASTORS. 
Rev. Jacob Knapp, for opening of church to March 28, 

1847. (Pulpit temporarily filled by Elder Charles Fer- 
guson.) 

Rev. Edwin R. Warner, from Oct. 8, 1847 to Nov. 1848. 



State Street Baptist Church. 215 

Rev. Jabez S. Swan from 1848, to May 1, 1849. (Pul- 
pit temporarily filled by Elder Ferguson.) 

Rev. W. W. Moore for Oct. 21, 1849, to Dec. 1851. (Pul- 
pit temporarily filled by Rev. A. S. Post, and Rev. H. G. 
Day.) 

Rev. C. B. Post, Nov. 5, 1852. 

DEACONS. 

William Newton elected Jan. 15, 1845, Charles Joy, 
left July 10, 1846. 

A. T. Teall elected May 15, 1846, James Wilson, Dec. 
28, 1846, Samuel M. Fiah, Jan. 7, 1848. 

CLERKS. 

S. M. Fish, Jan. 15, 1845, resigned Dec. 28, 1846; Joel 
Marble, Dec. 28, 1846, Samuel Patten, March 6, 1852. 

The history and management of this church are some- 
what anomalous, as it has gone through with many changes 
during its brief history. Indeed, it may be a question 
whether its policy is yet settled! It is not a corporate 
body with the power of electing trustees, but the 
property and all the financial interests of the society 
are in the hands of a few men, who may at their pleasure 
dispose of the property or shut up the church. But as 
long as they live, things will not probably come to a 
crisis, because they have the means and the disposition to 
defray all expenses and sustain the stated preaching of 
the word. 

Their sabbath school numbers from 80 to 100, and is 
mainly a missionary enterprise. 

Their views on several topics are also peculiar. They 
discountenance all secret societies, whether sons of Tem- 
perance or Free Masons, and discipline their members 
accordingly. 

They are more democratic in some respects than 
other Baptist churches, as they open their doors to those 
who do not entertain views just like themselves. Tem- 
perance, anti-slavery, and other practical subjects are 
treated by them as matters of religion, and are advo- 
cated from their pulpit, 



216 Population of Albany, 1825. 

July, 19, 1847. A member was excluded for belonging 
to secret societies, the church having at its organization 
by general consent, agreed to discountenance such so- 
cieties. 

Jan. 7, 1848, S. M.Fish, Deacon; May, 1, 1849, Elder, 
Swan resigned. 

March, 6, 1852, Samuel Patten, Clerk; Sept. 7, 1852, C. 
B. Post, Pastor. 



POPULATION OF ALBANY, 1825. 



[The following scrap is from one of the Albany papers, 
published on the completion of the canvass for that year :] 

CITY CENSUS. Through the politeness of the Marshals 
of the several Wards, we are this day enabled to give a 
statement of the result of the census in this city. It 
will be seen that we lack but twenty-six of having a 
population of SIXTEEN THOUSAND! In the year 
1820, we could number but 12,500, or thereabouts. No 
city in the Union has more flattering prospects before her 
than Albany. Blessed as she is with a most salubrious 
climate, situate at the commencement of an internal navi- 
gation which passes through a territory rich in all the 
products necessary to the comfort of man and extensive 
enough for an empire ; and possessing men of enterprise 
able and determined to improve all the advantages with 
which nature and art has endowed her, she will go on 
prospering to prosper. 



(217) 

REV. HENKT BARCLAY, D. D. 



[From Holgato's American Genealogy.] 

This gentleman was appointed catechist to the Mohawk 
Indians in 1736, ten years before his election to the rec- 
torship of Trinity church. At that time, in the very 
outset of his labors, he represented to the society that the 
prospect of converting ttese Indians was very great, and 
that in the short time he had been among them, he had 
met with great success. In the following year he was 
recommended by the president of the council of New 
York, by the commissioners of Indian affairs, by the mis- 
sionaries and inhabitants of the province, and by the 
Rev. Commissary Vesey, as a person of good morals and 
learning, who had many years applied himself, with great 
diligence, to attain their language, and had made such 
progress as actually to instruct and catechise them and 
their children in the Mohawk tongue. The society read 
their petitions with great pleasure, and sent for Mr. Bar- 
clay to England, who on his appearance, fully answering 
the good character transmitted of him, was ordained 
both deacon and priest. On his return to his mission, he 
was gladly received by his congregation at Albany, and 
even with tears of joy by the poor Indians, with whom 
he purposed to reside half of his time, in great hopes of 
being serviceable among them, and these hopes were hap- 
pily fulfilled. For Mr. Barclay informed the society by 
a letter of November 10, 1738, that there grew daily a 
reformation of manners among the Mohawks, and an 
increase of virtue proportionable to their knowledge, 
insomuch that they composed a regular sober congrega- 
tion of five hundred Christian Indians, of whom fifty 
were very serious communicants. This happy state of 
things not only continued for many years, but the moral 
and spiritual condition of the Indians was constantly and 
gradually improving, until in 1744 and 1745, the machina- 



218 Rev. Henry Barclay. 

tions of the French led them to disaffection towards 
their rulers, and in some measure alienated their minds 
from the pastor himself. In this melancholy situation 
he received the news of his being elected rector of Trinity 
church. He remained nearly three months in suspense, 
out of a sincere regard for the interests of religion among 
the native Indians, when, seeing no prospect of being 
further serviceable to them at present, and being no long- 
er able to abide with safety among them, he accepted of 
that church, and was inducted into it, October 22, 1746." 
(Dr. Berrian's History Trinity Church, N. Y., pp. 65-67.) 
The degree of doctor of divinity was conferred upon him 
by the University of Oxford, in January, 1761. 

The following letter, written by the Rev. Thomas 
Barclay, the father of the above, is valuable as giving an 
interesting picture of the religious condition of Albany 
and Schenectady, at that early period. It is directed to 
the secretary, and dated Albany, September 26th, 1710. 

Honoured Sir: As I did begin from my first coming to 
Albany, so I go on to catechise the youth ; and it hath 
pleased God to bless my weak endeavours that way, for 
a great ir any Dutch children, who at my first arrival 
were altogether ignorant of the English tongue, can dis- 
tinctly say our catechism, and make the responses at 
prayers. Every Sunday, after the second lesson at eve- 
ning prayer, I explain some part of the catechism in as 
plain and familiar a manner as I can, shunning all con- 
troversies, teaching them such fundamental doctrines as 
are necessary and tend most to promote piety and a good 
life. I have taught the scholars the prayers appointed 
for charity schools, and I have used all possible methods 
to engage the children to their duty, both by the giving 
of small presents to the most forward and diligent, and 
by frequently visiting their schools ; and for encouraging 
the school masters I give them what charity is collected 
in our church, obliging them to bring their scholars to 
public prayers. 

At Schenectady I preach once a month, where there is 
a garrison of forty soldiers, besides about sixteen English 
and about one hundred Dutch families ; they are all of 



Rev. Henry Barclay. 219 

them my constant hearers. I have this summer got an 
English school erected amongst them, and in a short 
time, I hope, their children will be fit for catechising. 
Schenectady is a village situated upon a pleasant river, 
twenty English miles above Albany and the first castle 
of the Indians is twenty-four miles above Schenectady. 
In this village there has been no Dutch minister these 
five years, and there is no probability of any being settled 
among them. There is a convenient and well built 
church which they freely gave me the use of. I have 
taken pains to show thejn the agreement of the articles 
of our church with theirs. I hope in some time to bring 
them, not only to be constant hearers, but communicants. 
Mr. Lydius, the minister of the Dutch congregation at 
Albany, died the first day of March last. He was a good 
pious man, and lived in entire friendship with me ; sent 
his own children to be catechised. At present there is 
no Dutch minister at Albany, neither is any expected till 
next summer; and from New York to the utmost bounds 
of my parish, there is no minister but myself; most of 
the inhabitants are Dutch, the garrison excepted, which 
consists of three companies, each company one hundred 
men. In the city and county of Albany there are about 
three thousand souls, besides the garrison: in the mean 
time some of the Dutch children I have baptized, and 
married several, and other parts of the service I have 
performed in the Dutch tongue, and more of them would 
accept my ministry, but that Mr. De Bois, minister of 
the Dutch congregation of New York, comes sometimes 
to Albany; he is a hot man, and an enemy to our church, 
but a friend to his purse, for he has large contributions 
from this place. As for myself I take no money, and 
have no kind of perquisite. I have used all moderation 
towards dissenters in this country. There is none but 
those of the Dutch church, and I found two only not bap- 
tized, the one born in West Jersey and bred a Quaker; 
him I have brought over to our church, and christened 
him the first day of this year; the other is an Old Eng- 
land man, but of a loose life ; so soon as I can bring him 
off his wicked courses, I design to baptize him. 



220 Rev. Henry Barclay. 

Since the death of Mr. Lydius, the Indians have no 
ministers ; there are about thirty communicants, and of 
the Dutch church, but so ignorant and scandalous, that 
they can scarce be reputed Christians. The sachems of 
the five nations, viz: of the Masque, Oneydas, Onnon- 
dages, Cayougas, and Senekas, at a meeting with our 
governor, Col. Hunter, at Albany the 10th August last, 
when his excellency in his speech to them asked them if 
they were of the same mind with those four Indians that 
had been over with Col. Schuyler in desiring missionaries 
to be sent, and they answered they were, and desired to 
have forts among them and a church, and that Mr. Free- 
man, present minister of the Dutch congregation at 
Flatbush, near New York, be one of those two missiona- 
ries which the queen promised to send them. This Mr. 
Freeman, five years ago was minister of Schenectady, 
and converted several of the Indians; he has acquired 
more skill in their language than any Dutch minister 
that has been in this country, and Mr. Dellias is not so 
well skilled in that tongue ; a great part of our liturgy 
he has translated into the Indian tongue, in particular 
morning and evening prayer, the litany, the creed of St. 
Athanasius, &c., besides several places of the Old and 
New Testament. He told me when he read to them the 
litany, they were mightily affected with it. He is a gen- 
tleman of good temper, and well affected to our church, 
and if there were a bishop in this part of the world, 
would be persuaded to take Episcopal ordination, I often 
entreat him to go over to England, but he is afraid of the 
danger of the voyage, and his wife will not consent to 
live among the Indians; he has promised to give me his 
manuscripts, and what he has done into the Indian 
tongue. 

I am sorry to tell you, Sir, that I am afraid the mis- 
sionaries that are coming over, will find hard work of it, 
and if the commander of that fort be not a person of sin- 
gular piety and virtue, all their endeavours will be inef- 
fectual; these, here, that trade with them, are loath that 
any religion get any footing among them; besides, these 
savages are so given to drinking of that nasty liquor, 



Rev. Henry Barclay. 221 

rum , that they are lost to all that is good. I must tell 
you that the Masque, of whom one of the four that were 
lately in England was a sachem, have not above fifty men. 
All the five nations can not make two thousand, and of 
these, in number, the Senekas, are near one thousand, 
and most of them are in the French interest. Hendrick, 
the great prince that was so honored in England, can not 
command ten men; the other three were not sachems. 
How far her majesty and the society have been imposed 
upon, I leave it to you to judge. I beg leave also to tell 
you, that the missionaries that are sent over, must have 
an honorable allowance and large presents to give, other- 
wise they will have but few proselytes ; and great care 
must be taken that they be well used, otherwise their mis- 
sion will prove ineffectual as Mr. Moor's, and how he de- 
feated the design of his mission, Col. Schuyler best knows. 
I have now worried you with a long letter, and shall 
only add, that I shall be always ready to follow the direc- 
tions of the society, and to endeavor all that in me lieth 
to prorogate religion where it is not, and cultivate it 
where it is established. 



(222) 

CAPT. ANTHONY VAN SANTVOOED. 



[From the Albany Daily State Register, April 5, 1852.] 

An aged citizen died a few days ago [March 17, 1852], 
who was one of the last remaining relics of a class of 
men who were once of no little importance and usefulness 
in Albany. We allude to Capt. ANTHONY VAN SANT- 
VOORD, who died at his late residence on North Broadway, 
at the patriarchal age of 91 years. He was a grandson 
of Rev. Cornelius Van Santvoord, who was sent out from 
Holland to take charge of a Dutch Church, and settled 
in Schenectady. The family still preserve the sermons 
of their ancestor, written more than a century ago, in 
the Dutch language, the penmanship of which is beau- 
tiful. In the prime of his life, Capt. Van Santvoord was 
master of a sloop, trading between this city and New 
York, and at all the intermediate points. With the 
exception of Capt. JOHN BOGART (who is still alive, 
though in very feeble health) [since dead], and Capts. 
GEORGE MONTEATH and BARNUM WHIFFLE, Capt. VAN 
SANTVOORD was the last of the able skippers, who, before 
steamboats, railroads or electric telegraphs had been 
ever dreamed of by the fastest progress man in the world, 
did all the freighting business of the Hudson, and during 
the season of navigation, carried to and fro all the trav- 
elers whose business or pleasure called them from their 
quiet homes, to journey up or down that noble river. In 
those days -within the comparatively brief compass of 
two-thirds of a century the whole number of passen- 
gers reached but a few hundreds in a year. Now, with 
the facilities which are offered by the most splendid 
inland steamers the world can boast of, and a rail road, 
over which the impetuous, irresistible iron horse thun- 
ders every day, at a rate of speed that would have made 
our good old Dutch skippers wild to have even dreamed 



Capt. Anthony Van Santvoord. 223 

of, the multitude of travelers is numbered by millions. 
Such is one of the changes which the lapse of but a few 
years has worked. 

At the time of the death of Capt. Van Santvoord, 
Capt. Bogart was but eight days his senior. When his 
friend, Dr. WYNKOOP, called to invite him to attend the 
funeral of his old companion, he burst into tears, and 
while regretting the infirmities which prevented him from 
paying that last tribute to the memory of his departed 
friend, remarked that he had long thought he should be 
the first to take that refyirnless voyage. 

Capt. Van Santvoord was bom in September, 1761. 
His birth place was in what is now called Broadway, 
not far from the present site of the Delavan House. 
What remarkable changes he lived to witness ! When 
he was a boy of four or five years of age, Mrs. Grant, 
the celebrated authoress of Memoirs of an American 
Lady, was a girl, residing with Madame Schuyler, the 
American lady whom she eulogizes. 

Compare her primitive and rural picture of Albany, 
with what it is now, and as the honest old skipper saw it 
in his last years a large and beautiful city, compactly 
built up over nearly the whole space spoken of by Mrs. 
Grant, and teeming with a population of more than 50,- 
000 souls. At that time the city contained about 440 
houses, and in 1786, when Van Santvoord was over 20 
years of age and working at his trade as a journeyman 
ship carpenter, the whole number of houses was but 550, 
and the entire population of the city was something 
under 4000 souls. It was then, immediately after the 
Revolution, the sixth city in the Union in point of popu- 
lation. Albany became a city in 1686, and the capital 
of the state in 1807. 

We do not know at what period of his life Mr. Van 
Santvoord became master of a sloop. He retired from 
that business about 30 years ago, having, by his industry 
and perseverance, acquired a fair competence. 

The sturdy and honest zeevaarderen who navigated the 
Hudson in the last and at the opening of the present 
century, were highly prized in their day. Their vessels, 



224 Capt. Anthony Van Santvoord. 

though small, were models of neatness and compactness, 
built for service rather than for speed, and scarcely ever 
failed to carry paying cargoes of freight and passengers. 
There was no feverish hurry in those good old times, and 
we read of voyages between Albany and New York 
which occupied from 4 to 14 days each way. The skip- 
per put on board all the freight he could procure, either 
at New York or Albany, and as they floated along, com- 
municated with the shore at every point where a signal 
was displayed, indicating that either freight or passen- 
gers might be had for the trouble of sending in a boat. 
These stops were frequent, and independent of the regu- 
lar landing places; and they were not unfrequently long 
ones, if it chanced to suit the convenience of the skip- 
per to go on shore himself, to chat with a friend, or take 
a luncheon and a drink of buttermilk, or mayhap of 
schnaps. If a storm arose with a baffling wind dead 
ahead, there was no beating or tacking to be thought of. 
Down went the anchor, and all hands waited patiently 
for a change in their favor. The world jogged along 
easily then. There was no hurry, no hurrying; for 
whatever was done, good and ample time was taken. 

The old Dutch skippers by no means confined them- 
selves always to the Hudson river. They made voyages 
to points on the Atlantic coast, and even to the West 
Indies. The sloop Olive Branch, Capt. Abraham Blood- 
good,* made a trip to the West Indies in 1770, with a 
curiously assorted cargo of Albany merchandise, consist- 

* Messrs. EDITORS: In your interesting notice of the Albany navi- 
gators, the other day, you mentioned the name of ABRAHAM BLOOD- 
GOOD, as the captain of the Olive Branch, which made a successful 
trip to the West Indies in 1770. In the course of some examinations 
I had occasion recently to make in relation to descents, I learned 
some things from the Dutch records in regard to that enterprising mer- 
chant's family, which is new even to his descendants. He was the 
grandson of Francis Bloetgoet, of Long Island, the name being after- 
wards Anglicized. This personage was known in the time of An- 
thony Colve, as "Chief of the Dutch Nation," residing in Flushing, 
Newtown. Hempsted, #c., and there is a record of this fact in the 
Secretary of State's office, as well as a part of the instructions given 
him by the Governor, in' relation to the duties he had to perform 



Capt. Anthony Van Santvoord. 225 

ing of flour, herrings, horses, staves, turkeys, geese, peas, 
onions, lumber, apples, water casks, and "oneNegroe 
man, the property of Mr. Staats," all of which he sold 
at Antigua for about $3000, and in exchange for which 
he brought back 81 pounds of cotton, then a rare article 
here, 24 hhds. of rum, 12 bbls. of limes, &c., which he 
sold for upwards of $2000. But the most remarkable of 
all the sloop expeditions from this port, was the voyage 
of the sloop Experiment to China and back. (See Annals, 
vol. i, p. 258, et. seq.) In 1771 the number of sloops 
running between Albany and New York was about 125. 
Half were owned in either city. They each made about 
twenty trips a year, or ten voyages. They were of about 
70 tons burden, with ample cabins, manned by a captain, 
pilot^one sailor and a cook. For freight, from 12 J to 
15 cents was paid per cwt., and the price of passage 
was from $1'25 to $2'00. Each vessel received about 
$1000 per annum, for freight, and about $250 for fare. 
John Maude, an Englishman, who visited Albany in 1800, 
describes his voyage from New York in the sloop Sally, 
with 24 passengers, and not berths for that number 
" passage $2 each; board and liquors as may happen!" 
They left on Saturday, and reached Albany on Wednes- 
day, making the trip in about 4 days. That was ordi- 
nary speed on the Hudson, half a century ago. Now the 
distance between the two cities is made by steam boat in 
less than 8 hours, and by rail road in 4 hours! 

Maude relates, however, that this same " sloop Sally" 
made the quickest passage that had then ever been made 

towards those under his authority, on the threatened invasion of the 
Province of New York. He was also one of Colve's official counsel- 
ors, and on one occasion was sent on an important diplomatic expe- 
dition to the Swedish settlements on the Delaware. His descendants 
in the direct line have for many generations retained the name of 
Francis, exclusively. 

Abraham Bloodgood was one of about a dozen persons, who, with 
George Clinton, met at the Vander Heyden house in North Pearl 
street, and there established the local party known as The Albany 
Anti-Federalists, and during a life engaged in an active and successful 
business, enjoyed the esteem and intimacy of all the distinguished 
Democrats of the times 

[Annals v.] 18 



226 Cahoos Falls. 

on the river between New York and Albany 16 hours! 
This was much greater speed than the first steamboats 
attained to, and for a long time a sloop with a good wind 
found it no difficult matter to outsail them. But that 
was a good while ago. 

Capt. Bogart* is now the oldest survivor of the Dutch 
skippers of the last and the first of the present century. 
Capt. Monteath is about eighty, and Capt. Whipple about 
seventy-five years of age. Among those who have died 
within a few years, are the father of the late Dr. Peter 
Wendell, the fathers of Mr. Samuel Pruyn, and Mr. John 
Van Schoonhoven, and others whose names do not occur 
to us. All the relics of the olden times of Albany are 
gradually disappearing, and will soon be swept away by 
the irresistible and ever onward march of time and change. 

Capt. Van Santvoord was a steady and consistent 
member of the Dutch Reformed Church in this city for 
over seventy years. In his youth, and down till 1805, 
when it was demolished, he worshiped in the old edifice 
that stood at the junction of State street and Broadway, 
which was erected in 1656, and which was more than a 
century old when Mr. Van Santvoord was born. He 
afterwards attended the Dutch Church in Beaver street 
(now Dr. WyckoflPs), but in the last years of his life he 
was a member and regular attendant of the North Dutch 
Church (Dr. Kennedy's). 



CAHOOS FALLS. 

From the Sentimental American Traveler. 

The Cahoos Falls, though deservedly reckoned among 
the natural curiosities of this country, are only worthy 
the attention of a Sentimental Traveler from the following 
circumstance : 

Many years since, an Indian and a squaw, having made 
too free with the bottle, were carelessly paddling along 
the Mohawk in their canoe. On a sudden, perceiving 

* Capt. Bogart died in 1853. 



Cahoos Falls. 227 

themselves irresistibly drawn by the current and hurried 
down the stream to the dreadful cataract, looking upon 
their fate as inevitable, they composed themselves to die 
with resolution, in a manner worthy of their ancestors. 
They drank the last dregs of the intoxicating cup, and 
began the melancholy Death Song. 

Occuna was dashed into pieces against the rocks ; his 
faithful consort escaped, but by what miracle has never 
been known. The Indians of their tribe have preserved 
this incident by faithful tradition, and as often as any 
of them pass the fatal spot, they make a solemn halt, and 
commemorate the death of Occuna. 

They have even remembered the song that the lovers 
alternately chanted while hurrying into the jaws of dis- 
solution. The following is a literal translation, though 
I am sensible much of the force and beauty of the original 
is wanting: 

" Daughter of a mighty warrior! the great MANITOW 
calls me hence; he bids me hasten into his presence: I 
hear his voice in the stream ; I perceive his spirit in the 
moving of the waters." 

" Art thou not thyself a mighty warrior, Occuna! 
Hath not thy hatchet been repeatedly bathed in the blood 
of thine enemies! Hath the fleet deer ever escaped thy 
arrows, or the beaver eluded thy pursuit? Why, then, 
shouldst thou fear to go into the presence of MANITOW?" 

" MANITOW regardeth the brave he respecteth the 
prayer of the mighty! When I selected thee from the 
daughters of thy mother, I promised to live and die with 
thee. The Thunderer has called us together." 

" Welcome, O shade of Oriska, great chief of the in- 
vincible Senecas ! Lo a warrior, and the daughter of a 
warrior, come to join you in the feast of the blessed." 

At this song, say the Indians, even fate relented and 
MANITOW had spared the chief, but that the decree of 
Heaven was irrevocable. Yet his magnanimity was well 
rewarded. Raised high above the regions of the Moon, 
he views with joy the prosperous huntings of the warriors ; 
he gives pleasant dreams to his friends, and terrifies their 
enemies with disastrous omens. 



I 
228 Value of Property in Albany in 1853. 

EEAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY 

IN THE CITY OF ALBANY AND THE ASSESSED VALUE OF EACH. 



The steady progress and growth of our city, is plainly 
indicated by the immense increase of taxable property, 
or the fact that the valuation, although augmented, is by 
no means too large or overrated. In 1849 the total 
amount of real and personal property assessed, was $11,- 
971,274-38; in 1850 it was $12,602,284'85, or an increase 
of $630,415-47. 

From the assessment rolls for 1851 we gather the fol- 
lowing statistics. The total amount of real and personal 
property, returned for 1851, is $19,428,097, or an increase 
over 1849 of $7,456,822*62! The increase, when dis- 
tributed among the different wards, is as follows : 

Real. Personal. Increase. 

First ward, 1851, $719,175 $29,500 

1849, 400,880 4,455 $342,240 

Second " 1851, 873,360 48,000 

1849, 591,440 27,300 287.050 

Third " 1851 1,503,151 138,300 

1849, 874,015 38,500 646,065 

Fourth " 1851, 3,023,267 919,537 

1849 1,879,448 713,666 1,250.807 

Fifth " 1851, 2,967,311 2,270.676 

1849, 1,912,306 1,876,240 1,393,174 

Sixth " 1851, 1,638,315 245,950 

1849, 930,150 123,450 328,955 

Seventh" 1851, 1,052,90 86,700 

1849, 5'14,935 17,000 522,461 

Eighth " 1851, 751,575 9,500 

1849, 351,410 6.SOO 366,940 

Ninth " 1851, 1,328,605 172,700 

1849, 815,413 63,000 543,901 

Tenth " 1851, 1,571,025 68,500 

1849, 781,365 29,500 765,950 

The total amount of money to be raised by tax for 
support of city and county, by the city, is $191,769-02. 
The rates of assessment average about one per cent. 



Value of Property in Albany in 1853. 229 

There are in the county 307,496 acres of land, the 
lowest valuation being $8*77 in the town of Bern, and 
the greatest, $52'79, in the town of Bethlehem. The 
total valuation of real and personal property in the county 
towns, amounts to $11,149,880, or a total in city and 
county, of $30,578,077. 

ASSESSED VALUE IN 1853. 

Real. Personal. Total. 

First ward, .. $935,570 $17,000 $952,570 

Second 964,410 40,000 1,004,410 

Third 1,523,788 144,200 1,667,988 

Fourth 3,063,832 911,840 3,975,172 

Fifth 2,936,767 2,828,343 5,765,110 

Sixth 1,736,640 265,350 2,001,590 

Seventh 1,157,675 79,700 1,237,375 

Eighth 862,600 23,500 886,100 

Ninth 1,436,065 178,000 1,614,065 

Tenth 1,691,219 81,956 1,773,175 

Amount of city, $16,307,666 $4,569,889 $20,877,556 

County towns, 10,544,580 1,573562 12,128,142 

Total city and county, .. $36,862,246 $6,143,451 $33,005,697 
Total acres of land assessed, 306,133. 

EQUALED ASSESSMENT. 

City, $14,676,900 $4,569,889 $19,246,789 

County towns, 12,185,429 1,573,562 18,758,991 

Total, $26,862,329 $6,143,451 $33,005,750 

CITY TAX. 

County tax paid by city, $82,805'00 

City tax, 157,600'OQ 

Ward and town audit, 907'51 

Total city tax, $240,7l2'51 

COUNTY TOWN TAX. 

County tax paid by towns, $59,195'00 

Ward and town audits, 20,626*88 

Total town tax, $79,821 '88 

Total city and county taxes, $320,534'39 

According to the preceding assessment, &c., the tax 
to be levied on the city, is one hundred and fifteen per 
cent quite an increase over the tax of 1852. 



(230) 

MBMOIE OF CHAELES K. WEBSTER, 

THE FATHER OF PRINTING IN ALBANY. 



Charles R. Webster was the son of Matthew Webster, 
and was a twin child; he and his brother George, the 
youngest of the family who survived infancy, having 
been born Sept. 30, 1762. His mother was Mabel Pratt, 
a daughter of William Pratt of Hartford. In the decline 
of life his father became surety for a stranger, an 
Englishman, who proved unworthy of his confidence, 
and being unable to pay the debt, all that he had was 
sold, even to the cow; and the youngest of his children, 
Charles, at the age of seven, was placed with Hudson & 
Goodwin, printers of the Connecticut Courant, to remain 
till twenty- one. 

The opportunities of schooling which he enjoyed were 
very small; scarcely more than one or two quarters: 
but the constant contact with books in the printing office, 
furnished him with a competent acquaintance with the 
ordinary branches of knowledge. His earliest efforts 
with the types, was to set up his father's name, to print 
it and paste it in his books ; and while of his father's 
bones, when disinterred in 1832, scarce a fragment of 
one remained, the old long-used pence-table with the 
name printed in large letters, looks as though it might 
serve another generation. 

When the militia of Connecticut were called out in 
1781, he at the age of 19 was one of the company who 
under Capt. Hezekiah Wyllys, marched to New-Haven; 
they remained under arms fifteen days, and were then 
disbanded. 

At the close of the war, he went to Albany, there being 
then no printing office on the Hudson higher than Fish- 
kill. The large proportion of the inhabitants of the 
city were Dutch in language and customs as well as in 
descent ; there was also a body of Germans, constituting 
the Lutheran and the German Reformed congregations 
and having service in High Dutch ; while those who were 



Charles R. Webster. 231 

from England formed an Episcopal congregation, and the 
Scotch with a few English families worshiped according 
to the forms of the established church of Scotland ; and 
a smaller band of their countrymen were attached to the 
Associate Presbytery, being of the secession. To all of 
these, a Yankee was unacceptable, in manners, speech 
and modes of thought. Yet from the very first of his 
coming to Albany, he was received with favor, and all 
joined in admitting that although he was a Yankee, they 
liked him. 

On reaching Albany in 1781 or '82, being scarcely 
twenty, he entered into partnership with Solomon Balen- 
tine, an Englishman, whose printing materials consisted 
of as many types (as he often said) as a squaw could 
carry in her bag. In the Philadelphia Library is a copy 
of a pamphlet by the Rev. Thomas Clarke, of Cambridge 
in Washington county, entitled Plain Reasons, being a 
dissuasive from the use of Watts's version of the Psalms 
in the worship of God. It was printed at Albany by 
Balentine & Webster in 1783 , and is perhaps the first 
pamphlet that issued from their press. It is in excellent 
preservation, in clear type, fair paper, and is executed 
with neatness and accuracy. 

They commenced the newspaper in 1782, but Mr. 
Webster in 1783, dissolved his connection with Balentine 
on account of his uncongenial habits, and had removed 
to New York before the evacuation by the British army. 
Immediately on that event, he commenced, in company 
with the late John Lang, the publication of the New York 
Gazette ; but on the removal of Balentine from Albany, 
and at the earnest solicitation of his friends there, he 
returned and established himself permanently. The 
Albany Gazette was commenced in 1784, and the Almanac, 
with the New-England Primer, made their appearance 
soon after. 

In 1787 Mr. Webster was married, as appears by his 
entry in his family Bible, made thus : 

Charles R. Webster a T ied . at B Hartford by the , Bev. 

Benjamin Boardman at the house 
of their father, Mr. Ashbel Steel, 
Monday, 17th February, 1787. 



232 Charles R. Webster. 

His father-in-law dying soon after, he removed the 
widow and her four unmarried daughters under his roof. 
Mrs. Webster is said to have been a handsome, but delicate 
woman. She was declining in a consumption at the time 
of the great fire in 1793, and in hopes of recovering 
her health, her husband started with her, to visit their 
native place; but they had scarcely crossed the river 
when he was compelled by a sheriff's officer to return, 
that he might give his testimony at the approaching 
court concerning the circumstances preceding the break- 
ing out of the fire. Slavery then existed largely in our 
state; and in Albany, every family of any wealth or dis- 
tinction had a number, bought, or born in their houses. 
To them the feast of pentecost or pinkster was accorded 
as a week of revelry, and the profuse use of the wild 
honeysuckle or mayapple, in the decoration of their 
booths on Arbor hill, gave to that shrub the name of 
pinkster bloempje, which Mr. Eaton^n his popular work 
oil botany, transformed into pinxter- blomache. The 
slaves were much dreaded by their masters, and sup- 
posed to be capable of any villany ; the smoothing irons 
were secured by chains, and locks and bolts were placed 
upon every article of value. It was by common consent 
taken for granted that the great fire originated in a negro 
plot, and Mr. Webster was summoned to identify one of 
the supposed incendiaries. This he could not do. His 
printing office then stood on the corner of State street and 
Middle lane, now known as James street. On the even- 
ing of the fire, after locking his establishment, he met as 
he walked toward State street, a colored man of suspicious 
appearance, whose movements attracted his attention; 
but seeing nothing demanding more than the passing 
notice, he thought no more of it, until amid the smould- 
ering ruins of the conflagration, when every circum- 
stance was raked out that bore on the origin of the cala- 
mity, he mentioned his having observed the unaccount- 
able appearance of this colored stanger on the eventful 
night. A law as stringent as the curfew then prevailed, 
binding all owners of slaves to have them housed at an 
early hour; to meet a colored person after twilight, was 
proof that he was a rogue or a runaway. The magni- 



Charles R. Webster. 233 

fying power of fear had exaggerated this slight circum- 
stance, into indubitable proof possessed by Mr. Webster, 
of the incendiary, his whereabouts, accomplices, and de- 
signs. Great was the chagrin when it was ascertained 
that his evidence was of no force to furnish victims for 
the popular rage. 

To how great an extent he was a loser, we have never 
heard; the late Mr. Daniel Steele, a relative of his wife, 
had just before come to Albany as a bookbinder, and had 
a place in the building to carry on his trade. His stock 
was small and was all swept away. 

Mrs. Rachel Webster died on the 31st day of March, 
1794, at the age of 30 years and 10 months. She left 
two children, Mrs. Eliza Brown now residing at Albion, 
Orleans county, N. Y., and th Rev. Charles Webster, 
late Pastor of the Presbyterian Church, Middletown- 
point, Monmouth county, N. J. 

Soon after this, Mr. Webster purchashed land in Rens- 
selacr county, in Schaghticoke, on the banks of the 
Hudson, and his two eldest brothers Samuel and Benja- 
min, removed thither in 1794 with their aged parents. 

Mr. Webster was married to Cynthia, the sister of his 
deceased wife, at his house in Albany on the 2d of April 
1796, by the Rev. Thomas Ellison, rector of St. Peter's 
church. Mr. Ellison baptized also the children of his 
first marriage. The children of the second marriage 
were baptized by ministers of the Presbyterian church. 

The Gazette, though open to both parties, for a long 
time, was finally identified with the federalists, and a 
rival paper and printing office was established and patron- 
ized by tho democratic party. But the rapid settlement 
of Western New York, furnished abundant room for botl 
papers, and gave occasion to increasing enlargement o 
the bookselling and printing business. Mr. Webster hat 
associated his twin brother George with him, and after- 
wards took into partnership three sons of his sister, 
Elisha W., Hezekiah and Daniel Skinner. 

Among his papers but without a date is the list of the 
officers and privates of the Independent Artillery Com- 
pany, Charles R. Webster, Capt., James Van Ingen, 1st 



234 Charles R. Webster. 

Lt., Egbert Van Schaack 2d Lt., Isaac H. Bogart, Geo. 
Webster, Henry Gardinier, Henry Hailenbake, and Moses 
Hudson, sergeants, and 48 matrosses. I think this com- 
pany offered itself to President Adams on the prospect of 
a war with France, and that I have seen the letter, with 
the autograph of John Adams, thanking them for their 
patriotism. 

He was active in the establishment of the Mechanics' 
Society and the Mechanics' Academy, and when that 
society was abandoned he interested himself deeply in 
the Lancastrian School and the Apprentices' Library. 

Public offices he never held. But when his much 
esteemed friend William Pitt Beers, a lawyer of superior 
but not of shining talents, was unable to fulfill his duties 
as county clerk, though failing in health, he discharged 
them as his deputy until Mr. Beers's death, and until the 
expiration of the term for which he was elected, and 
paid to the widow and the family all the emoluments. 
And this was but a single instance among many of his 
friendship and benevolence. 

During the existence of the Washington Benevolent 
Society, he was a member of it, and a conscientious 
opposer of Jefferson and Burr, and regretted to see the 
counsels of such men as Hamilton, Schuyler, Jay, and 
Kent, so little appreciated. 

When Robert McClellan was appointed state treasurer, 
Mr. Webster joined with others as his bondsmen. It was 
at length discovered that there was a deficiency, leaving 
him debtor to the state. The democratic party were in 
power, and the bondsmen were federalists. They were 
Gen. McCarthy, Peter W. Yates, and Charles R. Webster. 
The prospect of a total loss of property and imprisonment 
for debt, opened before them. Two of them entered into 
arrangements by which they ceased to be owners of any pro- 
perty, and thus secured their families against poverty. 
They put on a cheerful face, and resolved to fit up their 
apartments in the debtor's prison and live as comfortably 
as at home. Into these arrangements Mr. Webster would 
not enter. To their relief, Solomon South wick, the editor 
of the principal democratic paper in the city, brought all 



Charles R. Webster. 285 

his energies, and in the assembly Mr. ShurtlefF, the 
representative from Schenectady, was ingenious, bold 
and unwearied in urging as a matter of justice, that the 
bondsmen should be released by the state. It was claimed 
that the state had full means to have known of the 
defalcation, and that having failed to use necessary pre- 
cautions to prevent it, the right to require payment of the 
bondsmen was forfeited. The legislature released the 
bondsmen, and they in token of their gratitude, to the 
chief instruments of their rescue, gave a cask of wine to 
Mr. Southwick and a service of silver to Mr. Shurtleff. 

The war of 1812 was marked by exuberance of politi- 
cal rancor. The city of Albany was threatened with the 
scenes which had disgraced Baltimore and ended in the 
murder of Lingan. Mr. George Webster armed every 
journeyman and apprentice, and gave full intimation that 
he was prepared for any outbreak of violence. The 
resolute-and honorable course of De Witt Clinton as mayor 
of New- York operated with a salutary effect on other 
cities, and the muskets and blunderbusses were removed 
from the store. Before many years elapsed, Mr. Webster 
found himself acting harmoniously with Gov. Clinton, 
Chief Justice Spencer and many others, formerly leaders 
in every measure he disliked, while he was separated by 
a yawning chasm from the large body of federalists, sud- 
denly transformed into democrats. Amid all these 
exciting scenes he maintained a dignity of tone in his 
paper, a freedom from ribaldry and personal invective 
without ever compromising his character for fidelity and 
devotion to the cause he served. 

No indictments for slander, no suits for libel were 
brought against him. He abhorred defamation; he suf- 
fered no man to make his columns a whipping post or a 
gibbit, he had no room in his pages for malice or rage. 
He scorned dictation and he preserved the notes which 
persons run mad with a sense of their own importance, 
sent to him threatening "to stop the paper;" he could 
afford to let them stop the paper or start another; no 
man's subscription gave him Ihe right to put a bridle in 
his mouth and ride him with whip and spur. As a 



236 Charles R. Webster. 

necessary consequence he lost the favor of many of his 
own party, but he retained the confidence, the esteem 
and affection of all of both parties, who being men of 
worth knew how to appreciate integrity and excellence. 
Morgan Lewis when a canditate for governor, thanked 
him for his generosity in repelling an unjust attack made 
on him, as soon as it met his eye, although he was busily 
engaged in using all honorable means vigorously to defeat 
his election. 

Through all the great political convulsions, amid the 
hurry of an increasing business, and under the burden of 
continual and engrossing cares, he retained all his early 
simple habits. He rose at four and came home at nine, 
and laid down before ten; his diet was plain; he was 
strictly temperate, remarkably laborious and of unwearj'- 
ing activity. The relaxation at the close of day was 
a walk to the North Gate, the Hay Scale, the Willow 
Walks or the Pasture. Until sixty-five, he kept up the 
practice of crossing the river on Saturday evening with 
his sons and his apprentices, to bathi-. Once in the 
water. he seemed to renew his youth, and encouraged and 
taught his young companions the daring feats of the 
swimmer. His evenings passed at the sociable Reading 
Room of John Cook or with his friends at their houses 
or his. No day found him so busy that it prevented him 
from reading a chapter before breakfast from the Bible 
and from uniting with his family in prayer. 

Uninterrupted health was his portion. In 1815, while 
watching his youngest child, then dangerously ill of 
scarlet fever, he took the disease and his life was periled 
for a long time. He recovered, and this was the only 
serious illness of his lifetime. 

On approaching sixty, he made a settlement of all his 
affairs; a division of the property was amicably made, 
and the firm of Websters and Skinners was dissolved by 
the wirhdrawaKof the three younger partners. The book- 
selling, printing ai;d binding was carried on at the old 
stand-by C. R. & G. Webster. This firm was dissolved 
in 1821, by the death of Mr. George Webster. The sur- 
viving brother purchased his half in the property at the 



Charles R. Webster. 



237 



Elm-tree corner for $13,000; and the firm of E. W. 
Skinner & Co., purchased one half of the stock for 
$10,000. The new firm of Webster & Skinners continued 
till his death, in 1834. 




The Elm Tree Corner. 

The engraving represents the White House, as it was 
called in their advertisements, which stood on the cor- 
ner of State and North Pearl streets, under the shadow 
of the old elm tree, and was purchased by Mr. Webster 
soon after the fire of 1793. Each of the brothers built 
commodious dwelling houses for themselves on State 
street, adjoining the bookstore, and a brick row on 
Pearl street, north of the White House, was erected by the 
firm of Webster and Skinners, for the accommodation of 
their business, which was very extensive in the manufac- 
ture of school books for the country trade west and north. 

The newspaper establishment, consisting of the Albany 
Daily Advertiser, and the Albany Gazette, was sold to 
MARTIN, HUNTER & RYCKMAN. Being released from the 

[ Annals v.] 19 



238 Charles R. Webster. 

supervision of a daily paper, he turned himself to other 
pursuits; and, as we judge, most unwisely, began buying 
and building with borrowed money. Out of this grew 
many annoyances and losses ; the accumulating interest 
ate as doth a canker, and clouded many of his closing 
days with gloomy forebodings. 

To his habit of early rising, he added much labor in 
his garden; he had the burden of settling as executor 
the estates of the Rev. Mr. McCarty, Mr. Klinck, Mrs. 
Easton and Mr. Lewis. He acted faithfully and success- 
fully in administering the estate of his brother-in-law, 
Mr. Henry Guest. He interested himself warmly in the 
advocacy of the temperance cause; the subject of militia 
fines, especially, when demanded of the Shakers, found 
in him a resolute opponent. He gave bail for them 
when they were seized and carried to prison, and left no 
exertion untried to secure the remission of an iniquitous 
extortion. He was a friend of the colored man ; it was 
with the highest pleasure, he saw any of the race rising 
to the possession of property, obtaining education and 
becoming virtuous and useful citizens. The poor knew 
his kindness ; the widows looked to him for counsel ; the 
children loved him. 

In the year 1832, he became sensible of the hardening 
and enlarging of a gland under the right jaw ; for a time 
he took no notice of it, but gradually the increasing size 
attracted attention, and medical aid was sought. He 
dreaded to have it extirpated, and feared it might become 
necessary to submit to a severe surgical operation; but 
this was not proposed ; various means were tried with little 
perceptible benefit. His speech in the spring of 1834 
became considerably affected ; the skin of his face glis- 
tened, being distended by the accumulation of lymph. 
He was not sick or in pain, and being much harassed by 
business, it was thought desirable that he should leave 
home and go to Saratoga Springs. He made his will and 
left his home to return no more. His last letter was 
written July 14, and has these precious words : 

"The aim of my life has been to have my heart right 
with God and my trust in the merits of the Redeemer." 



Charles R. Webster. 239 

Being greatly oppressed by the distension of his right 
arm and the right side of his face, he consented to have the 
skin of the arm punctured; relief followed ; the second day 
he was in unusual spirits and on lying down early in the 
evening he fell into a sound natural sleep. About nine 
o'clock he arose and wrapping his cloak around him, 
walked across the room, sat down, and his wife noticing 
a change, said to her sister, " Call the family." He said, 
"Do sister," and expired almost instantly, without the 
slighest appearance of pain or uneasiness. He died 
July 18, 1834, and his body was immediately taken 
to his residence in Albany. He was buried, July 20, 
in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian church, where 
a monument has been erected to his memory. 




Monument to Charles R. Webster. 

He was about six feet in height, well made in person, 
and erect and easy in motion. His countenance was 
calm, mild, gracious ; his forehead high ; his complexion 
fair; his hair, black in youth, became silvery gray in 
middle age. His eye was a light, clear gray, lively and 
full of intelligence. His manner was dignified, full of 
courtesy and sweetness ; his conversation was interesting, 
instructive, pure, entertaining and edifying. 



240 Old John Jones's Grocery. 

Charles R. Webster died with the reputation of being 
a very wealthy man. His son, who was his executor, 
found that the estate, consisting almost entirely of land, 
then greatly depreciated, was encumbered by mortgages 
to half its nominal value, and consequently to nearly its 
full market price. In winding up the affairs, everything 
was unpropitious ; money was in the highest demand and 
could be obtained only for short periods. The creditors 
pressed for their money in chancery; the estate was 
placed in the hands of a receiver, who put it up at 
auction and sold it at such a sacrifice as left the creditors 
scarcely fifty cents on a dollar, and stripped the widow 
and the children of every farthing. For this result, 
persons have ignorantly held his son Matthew Henry 
responsible, and charged him with unheard-of villainy. 
How unwarranted and cruel these suspicions were, the 
facts plainly show. It should be remembered that print- 
ing and bookselling were overdone by competition, and 
that younger and more enterprising men had far out- 
stripped the old firm in everything to attract and secure 
patronage. While his brother's moiety of the book con- 
cern sold in 1822 for $10,000, his share in 1834 brought 
scarcely one-eighth, if one-tenth of that sum. And the 
property, for the half of which he paid $13,000, was 
sold by the master in chancery for $11,500. 



OLD JOHN JONES'S GROCERY. 



That yellow, little, queer, old tabernacle of mackerel, 
sugar, starch, and other groceries and provisions, which, 
from time immemorial, stood near the corner of Patroon 
street and Broadway, has at length [March, 1852] 
vanished from the face of earth, and given place to a 
substantial, modern-built house, some three stories high. 



Old John Jones's Grocery. 241 

What an old customer it was, to be sure! When im- 
provement first bestirred itself in that quarter of the city, 
this little yellow pile looked indignantly at the masses of 
brick and mortar going up beside it. House after house 
acknowledged the potency of modern change, still the old 
Dutch-built grocery, with its ochred front and peaked 
roof, refused to yield up its antiquated notions to any- 
body's whimsies. John Jones made money there, spite 
of the venerable yellow boards that constituted his house. 
Now, however, change* has conquered improvement is 
victorious; and the Broadway promenader, while he 
misses the funny little edifice from its accustomed place, 
recognizes a new friend in the solid and substantial 
erection already nearly finished on the same spot. Several 
old customers of the same style in various quarters of the 
city, are looked upon with devouring eyes by certain in- 
novating speculators, and, one by one, will eventually 
topple down, and be obliterated from the memories of all. 
There are several yet remaining some two or three in 
North Pearl street, and not a few in Broadway. Every- 
body knows McCafferty's old bakery, and the similar 
Dutch masterpiece a few doors north of the Female 
Academy. These old nooks maintain their appearance 
with Dutch resolution. Spite of the peculiarity of their 
fashion, and their marked dissimilarity with adjoining 
houses, there are hundreds who would regret their de- 
molition. However, improvement, that imperious damsel, 
claims them for her own; they are already doomed, in 
the minds of twenty remorseless speculators ; and they 
are, probably, tremblingly alive to the fact, that ere long 
they must follow the fate of John Jones's queer little 
yellow old grocery, and give way to newer things. Their 
cake is evidently all dough; before many years some 
crusty old cracker will knock them into pie. All things 
fair and bright must fade. Knickerbocker, 



(242) 

A VOYAGE UP THE MOHAWK. 

1807. 



Mr. CHRISTIAN SCHULTZ, a Pennsylvania!! , made a tour 
of the States in 1807, and published a book of travels. 
His transit through Albany seems to have been made per- 
fectly easy and oblivious, for he does not bestow a single 
word upon the city, but preserves entire silence until he 
attains a respectful distance on the Schenectady turnpike, 
when he records a tribute of praise, possibly by way of 
toll, upon that ancient thoroughfare. His account of the 
perils of a voyage up the Mohawk will be new to this 
generation. The facilities afforded to travelers visiting 
the west through the same region are so different now, 
that the reader can hardly fail of being edified with his 
description of the tour, and will gather a notion of the 
mode of travel half a century ago, when the Mohawk was 
the only commercial avenue to the lakes, and Albany the 
entrepot; when the expense of transporting a barrel of 
rum, then an important article of commerce, from 
Albany to Detroit, was seventy- five dollars. The ex- 
tract below is the first chapter entire of Mr. Schultz's 
book. 



UTICA, MOHAWK RIVER, July 15, 1807. 
Dear Friend : Agreeably to your request and my pro- 
mise, I now commence sketching, for your amusement, the 
few hasty observations I have made on my voyage to 
this place ; yet, as these will not be very interesting to 
you, who are equally well informed as to the state of 
improvements thus far, I shall occasionally introduce 
such little incidents as may occur on my voyage, being 
satisfied with the sincerity of your avowal, that "any 
thing from me will be acceptable." 



Voyage up the Mohawk. 243 

You desired me to be particular in describing the seve- 
ral towns and streams I pass on my route, the respective 
distances between them, the time occupied and manner 
of traveling from one to another, as well as an account 
of the expenses, risks and dangers to be incurred in an 
inland voyage of the kind I am now performing. All 
these I shall endeavor to attend to in their proper time 
and place ; and, should I fail in affording you all the 
satisfaction or amusement you may have anticipated, it 
will not be from want of any exertion on my part. 

The navigation of the Hudson, from New- York to 
Albany, is one hundred and sixty miles, and so generally 
known, that you can not expect any thing amusing in 
any account I might attempt to give you, either of the 
grandeur or elevation of those highlands through which 
we pass, or of the many flourishing towns and villages 
which adorn the banks of this majestic river. I shall, 
therefore, proceed to those particulars which you are 
more anxious to learn. 

The passage to Albany generally takes up from two to 
five days, and costs from six to ten dollars for each pass- 
enger, including board. The freight upon bulky mer- 
chandise is forty cents' a hundred pounds' weight ; but 
heavy articles from twenty-five to fifty per cent less. 
From Albany, which lies in latitude 42 38' N. and 73 
44' W. to Schenectady, you have fifteen miles over a 
very good turnpike road ; and the freight* over this port- 
age is sixteen cents a hundred pounds' weight. Many of 
these wagoners are great rogues, and, should you chance 
to have occasion for their services, it will not only be 
well to be very careful, but, likewise, to make your bar- 
gain before you employ them, or, like me, you will have 
to "pay for learning." Schenectady is quite a large 
town, but rather small for a city ; notwithstanding which, 
I observed that the inhabitants always make use of the 
latter term when speaking of the place. It contains 
about four hundred and twenty houses, and is pleasantly 

* Freight and wagon hire arc synonymous terms over all the 
portages. 



244 Voyage up the Mohawk. 

situated on the south side of the Mohawk river, about 
six miles above the great Cohoes. From its situation at 
the commencement of an extensive inland navigation, 
whose shores are daily increasing in wealth and popula- 
tion, there can be no doubt that, at a period not very iar 
distant, Schenectady will rank as one of the first inte- 
rior cities of the United States. 

The freight from Schenectady to Utica, a distance of 
one hundred and four miles by water, is seventy-five cents 
a hundred weight. The carriage by land is the Fame. 
This is owing to the great number of wagons, loaded 
with produce, which enter the cities of Albany and Sche- 
nectady, where, having discharged their loads, rather than 
return empty and earn nothing, they are glad to take a 
freight at the rate of water-carriage. 

The Schoharie river, a rapid and innavigable stream, 
falls into the Mohawk from the south side, at a place 
called the Mohawk flats, at Fort Hunter, about twenty- 
five miles above Schenectady. Canada creek is a con- 
siderable stream of water, which takes its rise in a hilly, 
broken country, near the head waters of Black river : 
it empties itself into the Mohawk on the north side, at a 
place called the Herkimer flats". The Tutconnobach, 
Corrje, and Lower Canada creeks on the north side, and 
the Canajoharie, Otsquach, Saguett and Oriskany creeks 
on the south side, are all small, trifling streams, which 
afford but a partial supply to the main river. You will 
please to observe, as a general rule in future, that, in all 
my references with respect to the rivers and water-courses, 
I shall use the terms right and left , as the frequent wind- 
ings and sudden turns of the rivers render it almost 
impossible to give the true bearings without a constant 
reference to the compass. 

I have noticed but three different kinds of boats used 
in navigating this river. Those called Schenectady boats 
are generally preferred ; and, will carry about ten tons' 
burthen when the river is high ; but when it is low, as 
at this time, they will not take more than from three to 
four ; they generally advance against the stream at the 
rate of from eighteen to twenty or twenty-five miles a day. 



Voyage up the Mohawk. 245 

These boats are built very much after the model of our 
Long Island round-bottom skiffs, but proportionably lar- 
ger, being from forty to fifty feet in length, and steered 
by a large swing oar of the same length. When the 
wind serves, they set a square-sail and top-sail, which at 
a few miles' distance, give them all the appearance of 
small square-rigged vessels coming down before the wind. 
Our galley, which, I am just now informed, is called the 
Mohawk Regulator, has gone at the rate of six miles 
an hour against the stream; and, during this time, believe 
me, nothing can be more charming than sailing on the 
Mohawk. 

It is not often, however, that a fair wind will serve 
for more than three or four miles together, as the ir- 
regular course of the river renders its aid very precari- 
ous; their chief dependence, therefore, is upon their pike 
poles. 




Poling a Boat. 

These are generally from eighteen to twenty-two feet in 
length, having a sharp-pointed iron, with a socket weigh- 
ing ten or twelve pounds, affixed to the lower end; the 
upper has' a large knob, called a button, mounted upon 
it. so that the poleman may press upon it with his whole 
weight without endangering his person. This manner of 
impelling the boat forward is extremely laborious, and 
none but those who have been for some time accustomed 
to it, can manage these poles with any kind of advantage. 
Within the boat on each side is fixed a plank running 
fore and aft, with a number of cross cleets nailed upon it, 
for the purpose of giving the polemen a sure footing in 
hard poling. The men, after setting their poles against 
a rock, bank or bottom of the river, declining their heads 
very low, place the upper end or button against the back 
part of their right or left shoulders (according to the 



246 Voyage up the Mohawk. 

side on which they may be poling), then falling down on 
their hands and toes, creep the whole length of the gang- 
boards, and send the boat forward with considerable 
speed. The first sight of four men on each side of a boat, 
creeping along on their hands and toes, apparently trans- 
fixed by a huge pole, is no small curiosity; nor was it, 
until I had observed their perseverance for two or three 
hundred yards, that I became satisfied they were not play- 
ing some pranks. From the general practice of this 
method, as likewise from my own trials and observation, 
I am convinced that they have fallen upon the most 
powerful way possible to exert their bodily strength for 
the purpose required. The position, however, was so 
extremely awkward to me, that I doubt whether the de- 
scription I have attempted will give you an adequate idea 
of the procedure. I have met with another kind of boat 
on this river, which is called a dorm or dorem ; how it 
is spelt, I know not. The only difference I could observe 
in this from the former one is, that it is built sharp at 
both ends, and, generally, much larger and stouter. 
They have likewise flats, similar to those you have seen 
on the Susquehanna, but much lighter built, and longer. 
On all these they occasionally carry the sails before 
mentioned. 

The Mohawk is by no means dangerous to ascend, on 
account of the slowness of the boat's progress; but, as it 
is full of rocks, stones, and shallows, there is some risk 
in descending it of staving the boat; and, at this season, 
is so low as to require it to be dragged by hand over 
man 7 places. The channel, in some instances, is not 
more than eight feet in width, which will barely permit 
a boat to pass by rubbing on both sides. This is some- 
times caused by natural or accidental obstructions of 
rocks in the channel; but oftener by artificial means. 
This, which at first view would appear to be an incon- 
venience, is produced by two lines or ridges of stone, 
generally constructed on sandy, gravelly, or stony shal- 
lows, in such a manner as to form an acute angle were 
they to meet, the extremities of which widen as they 
extend up the river; whilst at the lower end there is 



Voyage up the Mohawk. 247 




Passing a Rift. 

just space enough left to admit the passage of a boat. 
The water being thus collected at the widest part of these 
ridges, and continually pent up within narrower limits as 
it descends, causes a rise at the passage ; so that where 
the depth was no more than eight inches before, a con- 
trivance of this kind will raise it to twelve; and, strange 
as it may appear, a boat drawing fifteen inches will pass 
through it with safety and ease. The cause is simply 
this; the boat, being somewhat below the passage, is 
brought forward with considerable velocity, and the 
moment it dashes into the passage, its resistance to the 
current is such as to cause a swell of four or five inches 
more, which affords it an easy passage over the shoal. 

The Mohawk may be considered as being generally 
about one hundred yards in width ; its banks are extreme- 
ly fertile, and the very appearance of the barns would 
satisfy a traveler that he was passing through a rich and 
well cultivated country. The inhabitants are mostly of 
German descent, and still, in a great measure, retain 
their national prejudices, and consider all who do not 
speak their own language either as Yankees or Jrishers. 
The Germans of Pennsylvania generally speak a most 
corrupt dialect of the German language; yet, when com- 
pared with that in use on the Mohawk, it may justly be 
styled "Attic elegance." The Saxons are allowed to 
speak the purest of any of the Germans, and when I 



248 Voyage up the Mohawk. 

have been complimented as speaking German like a Saxon, 
which has frequently been the case, ^1 have felt not a 
little flattered; judge, then, how I have been mortified to 
be told by a fair Mohawk, that " I was an outlandish man., 
or an Irisher, and "did not understand their language, 
although I " had made out to learn a few words." 

The German and Herkimer flats are very fine tracts 
of bottom land, and in the highest state of cultivation ; 
and, from the great depth of the soil, as well as from logs 
and trees being frequently found in digging for wells, 
they were, in all probability, at some remote period, the 
bottoms of lakes. Canajoharie and Little Falls are 
the only two towns that lie immediately upon the river 
throughout the whole distance from Schenectady to Utica. 
The former is a scattered village on the left bank, about 
forty-five miles from Schenectady; the latter about thir- 
teen miles farther up. situated on the right bank, in a 
rocky and barren country, of little value except for mill- 
seats. It consists at present of thirty houses, and must, 
in time, become a very considerable manufacturing place, 
from the ease and facility^ with which mills may be 
erected. 

About a quarter of a mile before arriving at the Falls 
are two places called the Devil's Hole and Devil's Oven ; 
and, from the description I had received, I expected to 
find a cavern large enough, at least, to contain a church ; 
when, lo! on examination, they appeared to be only small, 
accidental excavations in the side of a rocky mountain, 
about the size of a common oven, with very large mouth. 
From the great number of small excavations that are 
continually forming, it is evident that they have been pro- 
duced in consequence of a pebble or stone becoming 
accidentally lodged in a small cavity of the rocks, where, 
the force of the water giving it a rotatory motion, the 
cavity has grown with every overflowing of the river, 
which, when high, rushes directly into these holes. On 
the approach to the Falls the scenery of the country 
experiences a sudden and picturesque change; the river 
becomes contracted to about one-third its usual breadth ; 
on each side the mountains rise to a towering height, the 



royage up the Mohawk. 249 

sides of which, although inaccessible, are covered with 
lofty trees, which fasten their roots in the fissures and 
crevices of rocks, and firmly maintain their station in spite 
of storms and tempests ; while, as you advance, the river 
seems lost in a wilderness of rocks and precipices. In 
ascending these Falls you pass through eight locks into 
the canal, where each ton of merchandise pays a toll of 
two dollars and twenty-five cents, besides a toll of from 
one dollar and fifty cents to two dollars and sixty-two 
and a half cents on each boat. This expense is paid by 
the captain of the boat. It is, however, certainly too 
high, and is generally complained of; not that the pro- 
prietors receive too great profits from these works, which, 
on the contrary, are at present rather a sinking fund, and 
must continue so until the number of boats employed on 
this river is increased in a tenfold degree. This ought 
to be an object of the first importance with the company, 
for the heavy charges paid by the few that navigate these 
waters, tend to discourage others from building boats. 
The farmers still continue to transport their produce by 
land in preference to water, as each has his team, which 
will carry one hundred bushels. They generally go to 
town once or twice a year, to dispose of their crops, see 
their friends, and look for great bargains at auctions; 
and, when ready to return, can take back a load as cheap 
as the boatman who passes the locks. Besides, they 
have not only saved in this respect, but also a charge of 
one or two shillings a bushel on all they bring ; for it is 
generally known that a farmer of this description, by 
taking his provisions with him, will not spend more than 
one or two dollars during the trip. The great object of 
the company, therefore, should be to encourage the use 
of boats, and endeavor to increase their number; and, 
by that means, divert the land carriage to the river. 
This never can be effected while the present mode is per- 
sisted in; and, were they to lower the toll fifty per cent., 
I should still say it was too high. In my opinion, they 
seem rather to have calculated upon high tolls and few 
boats; experience, however, will soon teach them to con- 
sider the subject in a different light. 
[Annals v.] 20 



250 Voyage up the Mohawk. 

The canal, which is four or five miles long, is a beau- 
tiful piece of water, passing through the flats of the town 
of Herkimer. It is a valuable acquisition to those 
through whose lands it flows ; and, when once planted with 
handsome trees, will be one of the pleasantest situations 
in this country. On the left it is joined by Oriskany 
creek, a small stream which passes through a large and 
extensive flat of the same name, but mostly unimproved. 
It was at this spot the famous battle was fought by Gen- 
eral Herkimer with the Indians, in which he lost his life. 
The afternoon of my arrival at Utica, we encountered a 
violent thunder squall, which I should not have noticed 
to you had not a large tree, immediately opposite to us, 
been struck with lightning and fallen into the river; so 
that although drowning is scarcely possible on the Mo- 
hawk, yet there is some risk of being dashed to pieces by 
the falling of trees which overhang its banks. 

Utica, on the site of Fort Schuyler, is a flourishing 
village, handsomely situated on the left bank of the Mo- 
hawk ; it contains, at present, about one hundred and 
sixty houses, the greatest part of which are painted white, 
and give it a neat and lively appearance. Foreign goods 
are nearly as cheap here as in New York, which, I pre- 
sume, is owing to the merchants' underselling each other; 
for this, like all other country towns, is overstocked with 
shop-keepers. Most of the goods intended for the salt- 
works are loaded here in wagons, and sent on over land, 
a distance of fifty miles. The carriage over this portage 
is fifty cents a hundred weight. 

Whitestown is also a thriving little village, four miles 
above Utica; but, as it stands about half a mile back 
from the shore, nothing of it is seen in the passage up 
the river. Deerfield lies on the right of the Mohawk 
immediately opposite to Utica, and is connected with it 
by a good wooden bridge. It is but an inconsiderable 
village, of eight or ten houses, chiefly inhabited by very 
poor people ; nor is it likely ever to rise to any degree of 
respectability, as the ground on which it is situated is 
subject to be overflowed whenever there is any consid- 
erable rise of the river. 



Voyage up the Mohawk. 251 

The Mohawk affords the fewest fish of any stream I 
have ever yet met with. Angling, you know, is my fa- 
vorite sport; and, as I had promised myself much grati- 
fication from this amusement, I spared nothing that 
could render my fishing apparatus complete; judge then 
of my patience and disappointment, when, after nine days' 
toiling, day and night, I at last caught a poor cat fish not 
larger than a herring! I hope, however, in a few days, 
to be amply compensated for my disappointment here, as 
we shall then be at the Read of the Mohawk, and from 
thence descend with the waters flowing into Lake Onta- 
rio, which our captain informs me abounds with salmon 
and other delicious fish ; yet even here, I perceive, another 
difficulty presents itself, which is, that nature has been 
so bountiful to the salmon of this country, in furnishing 
them with quantities of delicious food, as to make them 
reject the very best tid-bit you can affix to your hook; so that, 
unless you are expert enough to strike them with a spear, 
as is the custom, you are likely to go without. I really 
must confess that my feelings seem rather to revolt at 
the barbarous and unnatural idea of murdering fish with 
a large piece of iron, weighing three or four pounds, 
while, at the same time, a little bit of crooked, steel, cov- 
ered with a fly or worm, and suspended to a line, would 
afford me, for hours, what I should call rational amuse- 
ment. Such is the force of habit and prejudice! The 
manly attitude of the Indian, standing erect in his canoe 
as he skims the transparent surface of the lake, grasping 
his iron spear with his right hand, warns the quick-eyed 
salmon of his hostile approach while we, more humane 
and rejined, conceal ourselves under the thick foliage of 
the shady banks, and, in the guise of friendship, beguile 
the unwary tribe to the deceitful hook ! 



(252) 



THE MOHAWK RIV-EE. 

From Spafford's Gazetteer of New York, 1824. 



The Mohawk River, a large -western branch of the 
Hudson, rises in the N. E. of Oneida County, about 20 
miles N. of Rome, to which place it runs a course nearly 
S., and then turns E., bearing S., toward the Hudson, 
which it enters, in several mouths, between Troy and 
Waterford, after a comparative course of about 135 miles. 
Its source is within a few miles of that of Black River, 
of Lake Ontario, and from Rome it winds along through 
a deep valley, bordered by high and broken river-hills in 
many places , and there are many extensive and very va- 
luable alluvial flats. The stream of the Mohawk is un- 
equal, with many breaks and rapids, and there are two 
Falls, of 42 and near 70 feet, the Little Falls, and Cahoos, 
besides another small one at the German Flats. At 
Rome, there is a canal of 1 \ mile, connecting the Mohawk 
with Wood creek and the Oneida and Oswego rivers of lake 
Ontario. There is also a canal at the Little Falls, and 
one around Wolf rift, at the German Flats. A kind of 
half-guessing admeasurement of the distances and de- 
scents of the Mohawk, from the level of Rome to the 
Hudson, makes the distance 112 miles, and the whole 
descent 338 feet. From Rome to Utica, 16J miles, is a 
descent of 26 feet; Utica to German Flats, 16 miles, 19 J 
feet; German Flats canal to head of Little Falls, 6 miles, 
42 feet; Little Falls to Palatine bridge, 19 miles, 34 feet; 
Palatine bridge to Schenectadyi40 miles, 76 feet ; Schenec- 
tady to head of Cahoos Falls, 12 miles ; Falls, 70 feet ; and 
thence to the Hudson, 2 miles, is a descent of about 70 feet. 
With the aid of the canals above noticed, the Mohawk 
is boatable from Schenectady to Rome, from which place 
is a canal that continues the navigation to the Oswego 
river. The Mohawk country has long been characterized 



The Mohawk River. 253 

as one of the best for wheat, and the land is good for all 
the common products of agriculture, though generally 
broken by hills of considerable magnitude, but exced- 
ingly well watered with springs and brooks. Great ex- 
pectations were once entertained from the navigation of 
this river, and indeed much has been realized, while the 
roads on its borders were new and but indifferently good, 
though latterly the transportation has been principally by 
land. The Erie Canal, now nearly completed, runs along 
the S. side of the Mohawk, from Rome to a little below 
Schenectady, where it crosses to the N. side, and con- 
tinues on the N. to the lower Aqueduct, where it again 
crosses this stream, from Halfmoon into Watervliet, 
having twice crossed this river by stupendous aqueducts. 
At a little below the Cahoos Falls, it bears away south 
from the river, and receives the Champlain Canal, 
which has crossed the Mohawk by a dam, below the 
Cahoos bridge. Young and feeble republics, remove the 
trees, and logs, and such like obstructions from their 
rivers; and, as they increase in strength, make, at first, 
short canals around their rapids and falls, and to con- 
nect their navigation with other streams ; and then use 
their rivers as feeders, running canals along their valleys, 
because canal navigation is much more economical than 
that of rivers, leaving all the surplus water for hydraulic 
works. By-and-by, we shall probably have a double line 
of canals and locks, one on each side of this river, and 
while yet a young republic ! An important advantage of 
this canal navigation, is, that the natural force of the 
river, and all its descents, rapids, and falls, may be made 
use of for hydraulic purposes, supplying immense water- 
power, and innumerable mill-seats. When shall we learn 
to be wise, and do our own manufacturing? 



(254) 

TOPOGRAPHY OF ALBANY COUNTY. 

From Gordon's Gazetteer of New York, 1836. 



Albany County was originally organized by the act of 
1st of November, 1683, but has undergone much modifi- 
cation ; and is now bounded, N. by the counties of Saratoga 
and Schenectady; W. by Schoharie, the west bounds of 
the manor of Rensselaerwyck ; S. by Greene county, 
and E. by the Hudson river, dividing it from Rensselaer 
county. Greatest length 28, greatest breadth 21 miles; 
area 464 square miles, or 297.351 acres, situated between 
42 23' and 42 49', N. Lat., 2 40' and 3 15' E. Lon.; and 
centrally distant from New York 160, from the city of 
Albany, 15 miles. 

The surface and soil are much variegated. Along the 
Hudson are alluvial flats, nowhere exceeding a mile in 
width, susceptible of high cultivation in favorable spots. 
From these flats, the surface rises abruptly 140 feet, and 
thence gradually westward to the mountains. On the 
Mohawk, the land is rugged, broken, and naturally ste- 
rile; on the west are the Helderberg hills, precipitous 
and craggy, with a soil of calcareous loam; centrally, 
the country consists of undulating grounds and plains, 
with small marshes and tracts of cold, wet sands and 
clay, but which have been of late years wonderfully 
fertilized by gypsum, converting the piny and sandy 
desert into fragrant clover and fruitful wheat fields, 
still, much of the soil of this county is unimproved, and 
perhaps unimprovable ; but the greater portion is pro- 
ductive of wheat, of which a large surplus is annually 
sent to the New York market. 

The geological formation is transition ; being the gray- 
wacke groupe of De la Beche underlying rock, arena- 
ceous and conglomerate graywacke, in thick schistose 
beds, visible in the banks of the Hudson and Mohawk 
rivers; while in the Helderbergs appear the higher por- 




MAP OF ALBANY COUNTY. 



Topography of Albany County. 257 

tions of the same groupe, lime and sand stones, abounding 
in organic remains. In many parts of the country both 
limestone and graywacke are extensively quarried for 
building; and many of the locks on the Erie canal, near 
the city, are constructed of the former. The elevated 
plain of the east, is underlaid with thick beds of blue 
yellow argillaceous marl, having a distinct lamellar struc- 
ture, destitute of animal remains, and covered by a red- 
dish yellow silicious sand. 

Mineral springs abound. At the village of Coeymans 
is one containing sulphate of magnesia, muriate of lime, 
iron, sulphureted hydrogen and carbonic acid gas. In 
Guilderland and Watervliet, they are found impregnated 
with carbonate of iron and sulphureted hydrogen. Sul- 
phureted hydrogen springs gush forth in every direction. 

In the limestone of the Helderbergs -are several ex- 
tensive caverns, in which are stalactites and stalagmites 
of various beauty, and many interesting animal remains 
and minerals ; but we are not aware that any bones have 
been discovered in them. They have apparently been 
formed by the action of water; sjnall streams of which 
flow through most of them. 

The country is well watered by streams, which in 
their course from the high grounds, on the west, to the 
Hudson river, afford valuable hydraulic power. The 
chief of these are the Patroon's creek; Fox, Butler, and 
Beaver kills, in the city of Albany; Normanskill, Vla- 
manskill, Coeymans creek, Hannakraikill, Provost creek, 
Ten mile creek; Catskill, Foxenkill, Pichteway, Pasic, 
Eight mile, creeks; Schwitzkill, Black creek, Vlykill, 
Bozakill, Elisha's Steinhook and Hungerkills. 

Normanskill rises in Schenectady county, and has a 
southeast course of about twenty-eight miles. At its 
mouth are very extensive and valuable mills. The prin- 
cipal tributaries are the Boza and Vlykills. 

The county, exclusive of the city of Albany, is divided 
into nine towns. 

The post towns and villages are ALBANY, Clarkville, 
Coeymans, Coeymans Hollow, Cohoes, Disbrows, Dor- 
mansville. Dunnsville, East Berne, Guilderland, Guilder- 



258 Topography of Albany County. 

land centre, Hall's Mills, Knox, Lishaskill, New Scotland. 
Potter's Hollow, Reidsville, Rensselaerville, South Wes- 
lerlo, Union Church, Watervliet, Watervliet centre, 
Westerlo, West Guilderland. 

Albany city may be said to have been founded in 1612, 
by some Hollanders, and to have been, next to James- 
town, the earliest European settlement within the pri- 
mitive 13 United states. A temporary fort was erected 
in 1614, and Fort Orange, in 1623. By that name it 
was known until after the English conquest in 1664, 
when it i eceived the name of Albany from one of the 
titles of the Duke of York. It was fortified against the 
Indians by the Dutch, with a stockade in 1645, and ves- 
tiges of the work remained until 1812. 

The city was incorporated by the colonial governor, 
Dongan, in 1686, with an area one mile wide on the 
river, extending N. W. to the N. line of the manor of 
Rensselaer, and retaining that width 13 J miles ; the fee 
simple of which was vested in the corporation. Its 
bounds were enlarged by addition of part of the small 
town of Oolonie, 25th of February, 1815, which now 
forms the fifth ward. Area, 7160 acres, a small portion 
of which only is improved; the soil being a sandy and 
clay loam of very inferior quality. Originally, by the 
charter, its government was lodged in a mayor, recorder, 
six aldermen and six assistants, but is now exercised by 
a mayor, recorder, ten aldermen, and ten assistant alder- 
men, under the title of "The mayor, aldermen and 
commonalty." It is divided into five wards, each elect- 
ing, on the 1st Tuesday of May, annually, two aldermen 
and two assistants, and the usual town officers. 

The corporation courts consist of the mayor's, justices' 
and police courts. 

The city lies in 42 39' 3" N. Lat. and 3 12' E. Lon. 
from Washington city. Distant from New York city, 
145 miles, or 10 hours by steamboat; from Philadelphia 
234; Washington city, 373; Boston, 171; Hartford, 92; 
Quebec, 394 ; Montreal, 247 ; Buffalo by Utica, by land 296; 
via Cherry Valley, 282; by the canal 363; from Detroit, 
664. It is the capital of the state and of the county. 



Topography of Albany County. 259 

The plat on which the city lies is uneven. A low 
alluvial flat extends along the river, from 15 to 100 rods 
wide, west of which rises a hill of clay and sand; in the 
first half mile 153 feet, and in the next about 67 feet 
high ; from the summit the country is an even plain for 
miles; broken only by some small streams. The old 
portion of the city is not remarkable for the regularity 
of its streets, but the modern has more symmetry. It 
contains about 100 streets and alleys. The principal of 
which are State, Market, *Pearl and Washington streets ; 
many others are thickly built on, with shops, stores and 
splendid dwellings. 

The Capitol, containing the legislative halls, the su- 
preme and chancery court rooms of the state, the state 
library and other apartments for public business, stands 
at the head of State street, 130 feet above the river. It 
is a substantial edifice faced with the Nyack free stone, 
costing above $120,000; is 115 feet long, 90 broad, and 
50 high, of two stories, upon a basement of 10 feet ele- 
vation. The east part has a portico of the Ionic order, 
with columns 3 feet 8 inches in diameter, and 33 feet 
high. The legislative halls and court rooms contain 
portraits of eminent men. The building is surrounded 
by a public square, enclosed with costly iron railing, 
which is separated from another by Washington street. 

On the north side of the latter square is the Academy, 
one of the finest buildings of the city, constructed also of 
the Nyack stone, three stories high and 90 feet front; cost, 
at the city charge, $90,000, exclusive of the site and some 
important donations. The faculty consists of the prin- 
cipal (Dr. T. Romeyn Beck); a professor of the Latin 
and Greek; one of mathematics and natural philosophy; 
one of modern languages, and four tutors. 

Near the Capitol and Academy, at the foot of Washing- 
ton street, is the City Hall, a costly edifice of white 
marble, appropriated to the city council and officers. 
Its gilded dome is conspicuous at some distance from the 
city. In the walls of the principal apartment are some 
bas reliefs executed by W. Coffee, at the cost of the 



260 Topography of Albany County. 

citizens, commemorative of De Witt Clinton and Sir 
Walter Scott. 

Near it is the State Hall, also of marble, commenced 
in 1835, containing the offices of secretary of state, comp- 
troller, treasurer, surveyor general, attorney general, 
register in chancery, clerk of the supreme court, &c. 

It is a substitute for the old State house on the south 
side of State street. 

The Albany Female Academy is a very chaste and 
beautiful building, in North Pearl street, erected by a 
company, incorporated 16th February, 1821. The insti- 
tution enjoys high and merited reputation. 

Among other distinguished buildings we may name 
Stanwix Hall, built of Quincy granite, and surmounted 
by a large dome; the Museum, of marble, 4 stories high, 
above the basement, at the corner of State and Market 
streets, deserving attention by reason of its architectural 
merit and valuable collection of curiosities in the arts 
and natural history; the Law Buildings at the corner of 
Beaver and south Market streets, also of marble; the 
south Dutch church, inclosed in well arranged grounds 
extending from Beaver to Hudson street, and having at 
either end a lofty portico, supported by 6 large columns 
of free stone; the Baptist church built on the site of the 
Vanderheyden mansion, an elegant structure surmounted 
also by a splendid dome. 

Other public buildings are the Lancasterian school, 
alms house, jail, orphans' asylum, &c. &c. 

Religious Institutions. Churches. 2 Dutch Reformed, 
2 Episcopal, 6 Presbyterian, 1 Lutheran, 2 Baptist, 1 
Methodist Protestant and 3 Methodist Episcopal, 1 Ro- 
man Catholic, 1 Universalist, 1 African Baptist and 1 
African Methodist, 21. Most, probably all have Sabbath 
schools annexed, giving moral and religious instruction 
to about 3000 children. 

Religious Societies. Albany Bible Society, Bible and 
Common Prayer Book Society, and Sacred Music Society. 

Literary and Scientific Institutions. - Under a special 
act of Assembly of 17th April, 1830, and supplements, 



Topography of Albany County. 261 

th$ city is divided into nine districts for common schools, 
and 1 Lancaster school for whites and 1 for blacks are 
maintained ; 40 teachers and assistants are employed at 
an annual expense exceeding $6000, giving instruction to 
more than 7000 children. The trustees of the second 
district have erected a very commodious edifice. The 
school moneys apportioned by the superintendent of com- 
mon schools to the city of Albany, are paid by the trea- 
surer of the county to the trustees of the Lancaster 
school in the city, to be applied to the education of such 
poor children as such trustees deem entitled to gratuitous 
education; the trustees, annually accounting with the 
treasurer for the faithful application of such funds accord- 
ing to the laws relating to common schools. 

Besides these primary schools there are numerous 
well conducted select schools, as the Albany academy. 
Female academy, Female seminary and the Albany classi- 
cal school. 

The Albany Institute is divided into three departments. 
1. Of the useful arts. 2. Of natural history. 3. Of his- 
tory and literature, each separately organized. But the 
presidents of the departments are ex-officio vice pre- 
sidents of the institute, and the other officers of the 
departments hold the same offices in the institute as in 
the departments. The institute has commodious apart- 
ments in the academy. Its library contains near 2000 
volumes, and its museum more than 10,000 specimens 
in geology, mineralogy, botany, coins, engravings, casts, 
&c. It publishes its transactions from time to time, and 
has a high reputation abroad : 

The Albany Library, established in 1792, kept at and 
onnected with the Atheneum, contains near 9,000 vol- 
umes. The Atheneum was established in 1827: 

The Young Men* a Association for Mutual Improvement, 
has one of the best reading rooms in the United States, 
to which strangers are freely admitted, and where lec- 
tures are given by members twice a week; a debating 
society is connected with the institution: The Appren- 
tices' Library, a very useful institution ; and-the Northern 
Institute and Academy of Fine Arts, founded 1831. 

[Annals v.] 21 



262 Topography of Albany County. 

Here are also established the State Medical, the Albany 
County Medical, the State Agricultural, and the Albany 
Horticultural Societies. 

The newspapers published in Albany, are the Daily 
Albany Argus, the official state paper; Albany Argus, 
semi-weekly ; Albany Argus, weekly; Albany Daily Ad- 
vertiser; Albany Gazette, semi-weekly; Albany Whig, 
weekly; Albany Evening Journal; Albany Journal semi- 
weekly ; Albany Weekly Journal; Albany "Mercury; The 
Saturday Politician; The Microscope, weekly ; Emerald; 
Zodiac, and Common School Assistant; The Cultivator, 
monthly ; Temperance Recorder, monthly ; American Tern- 
peiance Intelligencer, monthly ; Beacon and Watchman, 
semi-monthly. 

Benevolent Institutions. Typographical Society, St. 
Andrews, St. Nicholas, Mechanics, German, Painters; 
the Orphan Asylum, under the supervision of benevolent 
ladies of different Christian denominations, located in 
State street, near its junction with the great western 
turnpike road, maintains and instructs near 100 poor and 
destitute children, of whom the mayor of the city is ex- 
officio, the guardian: the Catholic Benevolent Society, 
and St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum, and the Hibernian 
Provident Society, and four Masonic Lodges. 

Manufactures. Six iron works, annual produce $226- 
000; 1 rope and 1 oil cloth factory; 2 tanneries; 6 brew- 
eries, producing near the value of half a million yearly; 
extensive manufactories of fur hats, morocco, carriages, 
harness, plated and silver ware, coach lace, iron and 
hollow ware, enamelled stone ware, ships, looking-glasses, 
cabinet ware, tobacco and snuff, types, oil and sperm 
candles, brushes, &c. 

The Patroon's creek and the Normanskill might readily 
be conducted through the city, and supply a valuable 
power for manufactures; and such a measure, we under- 
stand, is contemplated by the enterprising inhabitants. 

Banks. Bank of Albany, incorporated 10th April, 
1792, capital $240,000; N. York State Bank, 19th March, 
1803, capital $369,600; Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, 
22d March, 1811, cap. $442,000; Commercial Bank, 12th 



Topography of Albany County. 263 

April, 1825, capital $300,000; Canal Bank, 2d May, 1829, 
capital $300,000; Albany City Bank, April, 1834, $500 
000; Albany Savings Bank, incorporated 24th March, 
1820. 

Insurance Companies. Albany, Merchants', Firemen's, 
Agency of New- York Life Insurance and Trust Company. 

The position of Albany near the head of tide, on the 
direct line of communication with the St. Lawrence 
river, with Saratoga Springs, and with the lake country, 
necessarily makes it a great thoroughfare. The com- 
pletion of the canals, however, have given it great 
commercial importance, making it the entrepot for the 
greater proportion of the products of the state destined 
to the New York market. To accommodate this trade, 
a noble basin has been constructed, by the citizens, upon 
the river, in which all the boats of the northern and 
western canals are received. It consists of part of the 
river included between the shore and a pier 80 feet wide 
and 4,300 feet long. The pier is a stupendous work, 
containing about 8 acres, on which spacious stores have 
been erected, and where immense quantities of lumber 
and other articles of trade are deposited. It is connected 
with the city by drawbridges. The basin has an area of 
32 acres. It cost $130.000 dollars, and the lots upon it 
were sold at public auction at a large advance. 

The tonnage is more than double that of the city of New 
York. The 8 or 10 lines of canal freight boats all have an 
agency here. 

Th^re are 12 steamboats employed in the transportation 
of passengers and light freight between this city and 
New York, 10 of which belong to the Hudson river 
Steamboat Association, one of which leaves each city, 
morning at 7, evening at 5 o'clock. Small boats ply 
between this city and Hudson, and other towns on the 
river, and a line is established between Albany and 
Troy; and there are 7 steamboats engaged in towing 
barges between Albany and New York. 

The navigation to the city is much impeded by bars at 
the Overslaugh, three miles, and at Winners, eight miles, 
below. Maiiy efforts have been made to remove these 



264 Topography of Albany County. 

obstuctions, but hitherto without, success. It is now pro- 
posed to contract the channel of the river, and to turn 
the current in such direction as will cause it to carry 
away the deposits of earth, which have been, and still 
are, annually increasing. Should this plan avail, Albany 
may engage directly in ocean commerce, from which she 
is in a great measure restricted. Still she has now a 
large coasting trade, 360 vessels having arrived here in 
1884, from eastern ports alone; and the whole number of 
sloops plying to and from the city is given at 800. 

The Mohawk and Hudson rail road terminates in this 
city and connects, at Schenectady, with the rail road to 
Saratoga and the rail road to Utica. It was the first 
chartered in the state. The plan and profile are said to 
be admirably designed ; yet it has been a very expensive 
work, costing near $40,000 the mile, including the real 
estate connected with it. Still it proves a profitable 
investment of funds. 

The road commences on the bank of the Erie canal, 
at Schenectady, and runs parallel to it for 20 chains 
then a curve of 10 chains. 



From Schenectady to foot of inclined plane,.. 
Inclined plane, 


Miles. 
... 
.. 


Chains. 
32 
31 
44 
10 
40 
53 
7 
11 
2 

& 


Grade. Inclination. 
leTel 
rise 1 in 18 
level 
descent 1 in 40 
level 
descent 1 in 225 
level 
descent 1 in 270 
level to head of plane, 
descent 1 in 18 
descent 1 in 500 




3 


Do. 


.. 2 


Do. 


1 

2 


Do. 


Do 


1 


Do . . 


3 


Do 


o 


Then Albany plane, 


... 


Then to dock head on the Hudson at Albany 


... 



Total, 15 69 

When excavation occurs in the grading, the width for 
a double road is 38 feet; when embankment occurs, the 
width on the level of the road is 26 feet. 

The greatest height of embankment is 44 feet; and the 
deepest excavation is 47 feet. 

On the first grade at Schenectady, below the inclined 
plane, there is one curve, about 10 chains in length, on 
a radius of 700 feet. There is a curve at the head of 
each inclined plane, about 8 chains each, on a radius of 
1100 feet : between these two, there are two other curves, 



Topography of Albany County. 265 

one on a radius of 4,200 feet, 9 chains long, and one on 
a radius of 23,000 feet, 6 chains long. The only other 
curve is between the foot of the Albany plane and the 
river, on a radius of 4,000 feet. 

The wooden cross sleepers are 7 inches in diameter, 
and 8 feet long. 

Stone blocks contain each two cubic feet, and cost 45 
cents. They are laid three feet apart, from centre to 
centre, on a foundation of broken stone, well rammed. 

The iron rail plate is f bar r B F by 2J inches, with the 
upper curves rounded to 1 J inches width. The timber 
rails are yellow or Norway pine, 6 by 6 inches. The 
width between the rails is 4 feet 9 inches. 

The summit is 335 feet above the Hudson. Much of 
the cost of this railway has been incurred for broken stone. 

There are two stationary engines, one near each end 
of the road. Locomotive engines are mostly in use, 
although horses are occasionally employed. The main 
line of the road approaches the Hudson below the city of 
Albany, where the company have warehouses for freight.' 
There is also a branch road into State street to the depot, 
and also to the basin, which cost near $100,000. It is, 
however, used only for passengers. 

The stock for the Greenbush and west Stockbridge 
rail road, to connect with the Western rail road, incor- 
porated by the State of Massachusetts, has been sub- 
scribed, and the road, it is said, will shortly be com- 
menced. By the act of March, 1836, a company was 
incorporated to make a tunnel under the Hudson river 
to Castleton. The inhabitants have been driven to this 
mode of crossing the river, by reason of the trade of 
Troy and the large villages above, which would be inter- 
rupted by a bridge over the stream. The objections to 
a bridge above the water seem to be insurmountable, 
and Albany has, therefore/stooped to conquer, by bridging 
beneath the stream. The result of this experiment, if 
successful, may lead to like attempts elsewhere upou 
the river. The charter is favorable, being perpetual, 
and without the usual reservation of the state to repeal 
or modify, 



266 Topography of Albany County. 

There are two ferries across the river, one to Bath on 
the north s and the other to Greenbush, on the south part 
of the city. 

The ordinary expenses /)f the city amount to about 
$50,000 annually, besides county and town charges. 

Stages competent to the extraordinary flux of pas- 
sengers, run from the city in all directions. Upon the 
Mohawk and Hudson rail road, cars go to Schenectady 
four times daily; and coaches upon the Macadamized 
road to Troy, hourly, make 18,350 trips the year. This 
road, one of the finest on the continent, ad:nits three 
carriages abreast, and is so graded that the speed of the 
horses need not be checked at any point. The scenery 
upon it is inviting. 

The principal hotels are, the Eagle Tavern, S. Market 
street; Adelphi, Bement's, American, State street; Con- 
gress Hall, Capitol square; Mansion House, City Hotel; 
and Temperance House, N. Market street. On a less 
expensive scale, are the Fort Orange House, and Mont- 
gomery Hall, Columbian, Exchange Cojff'ee House, S, 
Market street; and the Franklin House, State street. 

Perhaps no city in the Union of its size has more, 01 
more spacious hotels. It has been estimated that 700,- 
000 persons arrive and depart from the city in the course 
of the year. The passengers on the Mohawk and Hud- 
son rail road amounted, in 1835, to about 180,000, and 
the receipt from passengers in the Association lines of 
the canals was, by estimate in 1835, $250,000. 

During the sessions of the legislature, Albany is crowd- 
ed with strangers, and is the focus for much of the legal 
talent and learning of the state, and for the representa- 
tives of its vast business concerns. 

A mineral spring was discovered here some years since, 
by boring thiough slate rock 500 feet. The partners in 
this enterprise having disagreed, one of them (M'Culloch, 
a Scotchman), sunk another well, 617 feet, which gives 
water much superior in its qualities, containing a large 
quantity of muriate of soda, aud being an active cathartic. 
The spring is surrounded by a handsome garden, and is 
much resorted to by citizens and strangers. The' analysis 



Topography of Albany County. 267 

of this water, by Dr. Lewis C. Beck, gave muriate of 
soda, carbonate of soda, carbonate of lime, carbonate of 
magnesia, carbonate of iron, and free carbonic acid; 
differing not essentially from the water of the Saratoga 
Springs. 

Much capital from abroad has, within a few years, 
been advantageously vested here: still rents are com- 
paratively low. A very profitable business has been 
done since the completion of the canal, and many large 
fortunes have been accumulated by men of business; and 
the industrious mechanic or tradesman can no where 
establish himself with more favorable prospect of wealth. 
Society is intelligent and polished; and, when properly 
approached, the inhabitants display liberal and elegant 
hospitality. 

The vicinity of the city affords many pleasant walks 
and rides: and the neighbouring cities of Troy and 
Schenectady, the villages of West Troy, Cahoes, Lan- 
singburg and Waterford, the Shaker settlement at Nes- 
kayuna, the farm of the distinguished agriculturist, Mr. 
Jesse BueJ, are objects for short and interesting excur- 
sions. 

Upon the northern bounds of the city is the neat and 
beautifully situated mansion of Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
Esq., the Patroon of the manor of Rensselaerwyck. The 
name of this gentleman can scarce be mentioned without 
a passing tribute to his merit. Blessed with great wealth, 
which so frequently leads to selfish egotism and exclusive- 
ness, he has through life been distinguished as an active 
and efficient public man; bestowing his personal services 
and his fortune, to the encouragement of every species 
of improvement in literature, science and art. His name 
as a benefactor is associated with most of the charitable 
and scientific institutions of the state, and he has perhaps 
done more than any other citizen to foster agriculture 
and internal improvements. 

The following are the towns of the county. 

BKRNE, taken from Rensselaerville 17th of March, 
1795, since modified: Centrally distant N. of New York, 
165. W. of Albany, 20 miles: Surface much broken by 
he Helderberg hills, composed of calcareous rocks, which 



268 Topography of Albany County. 

rise precipitately from 70 to 500 feet, having in many 
places the appearance of an artificial wall, in which 
there are several curious, natural caverns. The valleys 
are extensive and have a fine soil of calcareous argil- 
laceous loam, and in places tracts of clay, marsh, bog, 
turf and marl. Fox's Creek and its branches drain the 
town N. W., flowing into the Schoharie. Thompson's 
and Warner's ponds on the E. part cover, each, about 
100 acres. The lands are holden of Mr. Van Rensselaer 
by lease, at the rent of from 10 to 15 bushels of wheat 
the 100 acres. There are two small villages in the town; 
Bernville, at which is a post office, and Mechanicsmlle, 

BETHLEHEM, taken from Watervliet 12th of March, 
1793: Centrally distant from New York, N. 140, from 
Albany, S. W., 8 miles. Surface diversified, and much 
still covered with wood: Soil various: Along the river 
are extensive alluvial flats, cultivated chiefly by descend- 
ants of the early Dutch settlers. Coeyman's creek crosses 
the town in the south-west; Vlamman's kill rises in it 
and flows east to the Hudson, and Norman's kill enters 
the north-west angle, and runs to the river, two and a 
half miles below Albany. These streams, particularly 
the last upon which are Rensselaer's mills, afford advan- 
tageous water power. Messrs. Russell, of Albany, have 
a mill at which they prepare 5000 barrels of dye woods, 
annually, and employ a capital of $25,000. Mills' island, 
a valuable tract of alluvion, lies in the Hudson, partly 
in this town. The town has 2 \illages; Rensselaer's 
mills and Bethlehem centre. 

COEYMANS, taken from Watervliet, 18th of March, 
1791; distant N. from New York, 134, and from Albany 
S. 11 miles. The surface is much broken, some ridges 
of the Helderberg occupying the West. The soil is 
various; along the river sterile,^ but of better quality 
westward. Coeyman's kill flows W. over the N. E. part 
of the town, enters New Scotland, having a course of 
about 20 miles, and joins the river about a mile above 
the town and county line, where are falls and mills. 
Hannekrai, another mill stream, drains the S. portion 
and unites with the Hudson on that line. Limestone 
and shell marl abound. The town was early settled by 



Topography of Albany County. 269 

the Dutch, and is called after an original proprietor. 
It contains the villages of Coeymans, Stevenville, and 
Coeymans Hollow. Coeymans village, at the confluence 
of the creek with the Hudson, 14 miles S. of Albany, 
including a hamlet formerly called the Square, has 1 
Presbyterian and 1 Methodist church, 1 grist and 1 saw 
mill, 3 taverns, 6 stores, and about 150 dwellings. 
Stevenville upon the Hannekrai Creek, in the S. W. angle, 
has a Methodist church, .1 grist, 1 saw mill, clothing 
works, 1 tavern, 2 stores, about 30 dwellings. There 
are two Dutch Reformed churches in the town. 

GUILDERLAND, taken from Watervliet, 26th of Feb- 
ruary, 1803: Centrally distant from New York, N. 157; 
from Albany, N. W., 12 miles: Surface level, or slight- 
ly irregular' Soil generally inferior in quality, a barren 
sand interspersed with marshy plains ; there are, however, 
some fertile tracts of sandy loam well farmed. The 
Cherry Valley turnpike leads through the town, on 
which, 8 miles from the city, is the hamlet of Hamilton, 
where is the post office called after the town, and where 
forrnely was an extensive manufacture of glass. Guilder- 
land centre is also a post office. 

KNOX, taken from Berne 28th of February, 1822: 
Centrally distant from Albany, W. 20 miles: Surface 
high and undulating; all arable and of good quality. 
The Helderberg limestone ridge runs through it. in which 
there is one of the caverns which distinguish this ridge. 
The town has a library of some hundred volumes; the 
lands are holden of Mr. Van Rensselaer by lease, render- 
ing from 10 to 14 bushels of wheat the hundred acres. 
Boza kill crosses the N. E. part and a small branch of 
Fox's Creek, a tributary of the Schoharie, indents the S. 
boundary. Knoxville or Union street, the post village on 
the road from Albany to Schoharie; 21 miles W. from 
the former, and 14 E. from the latter; has from 25 to 30 
dwellings, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist chuich, 1 
tavern and two stores. 

NEW SCOTLAND, taken from Bethlehem 25th of April, 
1832: Surface hilly; soil loam, clay, sand, and gravel, 
underlaid with slate and limestone, tolerably cultivated 



270 Topography of Albany County. 

in spots; drained by Coeyman's creek which crosses it 
southeasterly, and the Vis kill a branch of Norman's kill, 
which flows N. E. Salem, New Scotland and Clarkes- 
ville, are small villages. J\ew Scotland a post village, 
8 miles S. VV. from Albany, and about the same distance 
from the mouth of Normanskill, contains 1 Dutch Re- 
formed church, 2 taverns, 2 stores, and about 40 dwell- 
ings. Salem.5 miles W. of New Scotland, has one 
Dutch Reformed church, 2 taverns, 1 store and 25 
dwellings. 

RENSSELAERVILLE .taken from Watervliet 8th of March, 
1790: Centrally distant, S. W. from Albany 25 miles: 
Surface hilly; spurs of the Kattsbergs running through 
it. The valleys, however, are numerous and fertile, 
with a soil of sandy loam. There are turnpike roads 
over the town in every direction. The Catskill crosses 
the S. W. corner, receiveng from the town some small 
tributaries. The lands are holden under lease from the 
Van Rensselaer estate. Rensselaerville, Preston Hollow, 
Potter's Hollow, and Hall's Hollow, are post villages. 
Rensselaerville village, on Ten-mile creek, at the junction 
of the Albany and Deleware, and Greenville turnpike 
roads; 20 miles W, from Albany, contains 1 Episcopal, 
1 Presbyterian and dne Baptist, church ; 3 grist mills, 
clothing works, 1 furnace, 2 taverns, 7 stores, various 
mechanics, and about 175 dwellings. Preston Hollow, 
30 miles S. W. from Albany, on the Athens and Cherry 
valley turnpike, contains beeween 30 and 40 dwellings j 
several mills on the Catskill, 8 miles from its head. 
Potter's Hollow, 2 miles W. of the above, has a Quaker 
meeting house, some 20 dwellings, and some mills. 

WATERVLIET, organized 7th March, 1788, since reduced 
in area, Includes the islands in the Hudson on the east; 
centrally distant north from Albany 6 miles; extending 
10 miles along the Mohawk river and its lowest branch 
or sprout, and 6.J miles along the Hudson: Surface 
generally hilly; * soil varied, comprehending along the 
Hudson some fine flats, and good arable land upon the 
river hills, and in the interior sandy ridges, some marsh- 
es and pine swamps aed tracts covered with dwarf 



Topography of Albany County. 271 

shrubbery. A fine Macadamized road extends along the 
river to West Troy, 6 miles; from West Troy a turnpike 
road runs to Schenectady, and nearly parallel with the 
Mohawk and Hudson rail road. Havers, Van Schaick's 
or Cahoes, and Green or Tibbet's islands, are formed by 
the sprouts of the Mohawk ; they are notable as having 
been occupied by the American army under Gates in 
^1777. In the vicinity of the Cahoes Falls is a Dutch 
"church and farming settlement, formerly and perhaps 
still known as the Boght, or Cove. The lands of the 
town are principally holden of Mr. Van Rensselaer. 
Cahoes, Neskayuna, and West Troy, are villages. 

A small creek on the southeast corner of the town 
drives a factory and the mills of the Patroon, and there 
are other small mill streams. The Erie and Champlain 
canals unite in the town. At Port Schuyler, a race- 
way is taken from the canal, supplying several hydrau- 
lic works. 

The property of the Cahoes Company, of which the 
village is part, at the mouths of the Mohawk, includes 
the falls and the banks on both sides of the river, and 
extends within a few rods of the junction of the Erie and 
Champlain canals. The property around the falls has, 
from the first settlement of the country, been in the Van 
Rensselaer family, who, with a just regard to its future 
value, had refused to part with it. The great hydraulic 
power here was first fully developed by Mr. Canvass 
White, during the progress of the Erie canal ; at whose 
instance it was arranged" \\ ith Peter Remseri & Co. of 
New York, and Mr. Van Rensselaer, to commence its 
improvement on a large scale; a liberal charter was 
obtained from the state in 1826, authorizing the invest- 
ment of $250,000, and subsequently of half a million 

By an independant canal, near two miles long supplied 
with water by a dam in the river, half a mile above the 
falls, where the stream is 300 yards wide, unconnected 
with the state works, the company are enabled to avail 
themselves of the whole water of the river, yielding 
power for mills as durable and constant as the rocks and 
the stream. The entire head and fall thus gained is 120 



272 Topography of Albany County. 

feet, permitting the use of the water under six successive 
falls, of from 18 to 23 feet above the level of the state 
dam, below which it may be used under a head of 11 feet, 
and may be carried on these levels to almost any point 
of the company's estate. The minimum supply of water 
is 1000 cubic feet the second, competent to drive from 
three to four millions of cotton spindles. The upper 
canal, excavated for the greater part of its course in the 
slate rock, passes from the dam on the east side of the* 
Erie canal, and thence by a tunnel under that canal to 
the west side. 

The advantages of this position for manufactures are 
unquestionably the greatest in the state. By the Erie 
canal and the North river it communicates directly with 
the great marts on the Hudson and with the ocean, by 
that canal with the interior of the state and the lakes 
and the Great West ; and by the Champlain canal with 
the northern portion of the state and the basin of the St. 
Lawrence: obtaining readily from the south all that may- 
be required from abroad, and from the west and north a 
never-failing supply of provisions, lumber aud iron, upon 
the cheapest terms. It is surrounded by the following 
populous cities and villages : Albany, distant 9 miles ; 
Troy, 3; Lansingburg, 2; Waterford, I; Schenectady, 15; 
West Troy, 3. The rail road from Troy to Saratoga 
runs on Green Island a few rods below; the proposed 
rail road from Troy to Schenectady must pass through 
or near the estate; the Macadamized road from Albany 
to West Troy terminates within three miles of it; and 
the side cut from the state canal enables boats from 
Cahoes to receive their freight at West Troy from the 
daily lines of tow boats plying to New York city. 

The rock here is slate, lying generally, 5 feet below 
the surface, affording lirm foundarions for buildings, 
flumes and basins at small expense; brick and stone are 
obtainable on the prernises, and with lumber and other 
materials procured by the canals, every species of build- 
ing may be erected at little over half the usual cost else- 
where. The Delaware and Hudson Canal furnishes a 
steady and cheap supply of coal for manufacturing pur- 



Description of Albany County. 273 

poses, and the large banking capital in the neighboring 
cities and villages afford all the assistance to trade de- 
rivable from such institutions. 

.The location is alike healthful and pleasant. The site 
of the village is on the southeast declivity of a hill, 
whence, as well as from the ridge of hills on the north- 
west are views which for variety and beauty are unsur- 
passed. The hills to the northwest rising 300 feet, give 
to the spot an agreeable temperature in summer, cooled 
by the waterfalls and rivers, and shelter it completely 
from the northwest winds of the winter. 

The falls, in full view of the village, and seen with 
special advantage from the bridge, have a total descent 
of 78 feet, and a perpendicular pitch of about 40 feet. 
Above the cataract, the bank on the left has nearly 100 
feet perpendicular elevation, and below, 170 feet. On 
the right above the pitch, the bank is low; but below it, 
the shore is between 80 and 90 feet high ; below the falls 
the river runs in a deep, rocky and broken bed for a 
short distance, expanding into the placid pool formed by 
the state dam, and glides over that dam in one lovely 
sheet of 550 yards in length, whose gentle fall of 7 feet, 
makes a pleasant contrast with the great cataract above. 
In floods the whole bed at the latter is covered with water, 
which descends in one unbroken torrent, about 900 feet 
wide. At such seasons, the high rocky barriers which 
confine the stream, the roar of the cataract, the dashing 
of the troubled waters as they descend the rapids, and 
the striking assimilation of the torrent with the wilder- 
ness above, give to the scene unusual sublimity. 

The canal affording use of the water was completed in 
1834. The village now contains one factory for cotton 
and woolen machinery, one for edge tools, one for cotton, 
linen and woolen hosiery made on newly invented looms, 
a mill driving turning lathes, an iron foundery, a carpet 
factory; an Episcopal church, 2 hotels, 3 stores, many 
shops of various kinds on the canals and 60 dwellings, 
whose number is rapidly increasing. 

[Annals, t>.] 22 



274 Description of Albany County. 

The company offer lots and water rights for sale on 
very advantageous terms. 

WEST TROY, incorporated in 1836, comprehending 
Watervliet, Gibbons ville, and Port Schuyler, though in 
Albany county, is a suburb of the city of Troy, with 
which it is connected by several ferries, and by the rail 
road bridge. 

The Shakers are followers of Ann Lee, called by them 
Mother Ann, born in Manchester, England, Feb. 28, 
1736, a religious enthusiast, who, leaving her native 
country in consequence of persecution, as she alledged, 
established a small society at Neskayuna in Sept. 1776. 
The society is principally distinguished by the profession 
of total celibacy, faith in the divine mission of Mother 
Ann, pretensions to superior holiness, the mode of wor- 
ship by singular dancing, and the order and economy of 
their domestic concerns, in which a community of goods 
is established. They own here 2000 acres of good land, 
well cultivated, and divided into four farms, on each of 
which is a family, the whole amounting to about 80 
persons of both sexes and all ages. They raise garden 
stuff and seeds extensively for sale, manufacture various 
useful and ornamental articles; the proceeds of which, 
with the avails of the farms, form a considerable income. 
From a very small beginning the society has grown into 
several communities, one of which is established at New 
Lebanon, and another in Wayne county of this state< 

Despite the temptation which a life of celibacy offers to 
immorality, these people are remarkable for the correct- 
ness of their conduct and the order of their lives, which 
may be attributed to the rigor of their discipline and 
the constancy of their labor. Though for a long time 
distinguished by gross ignorance and superstition, they 
are now feeling, slowly, the influence of the intelligence 
of the times, bestow some attention on letters, and mingle 
somewhat more freely than formally with the world. 

WESTERLO, taken from Coeymans and Rensselaer, 16th 
March, 1815. Centrally distant from Albany S. W. 21 
miles : Surface undulating traversed by moderate ridges, 
with small valleys of good arable, meadow and pasture 



Description of Albany 'County. 275 

lands, having also some flat, low lands, which, however, 
produce good grass. The ground yields abundance of 
stone for field wall. The western part of the town per- 
tains to the manor of Rensselaerwick, and the farms are 
holden by lease; the east part is in the Coeymans patent. 
The settlements commenced here in 1759, by Dutch and 
Germans, around the low lands, but did not increase 
rapidly until 1794, when many emigrants arrived from 
New England. The country abounds in springs ; Prevost 
creek crosses the town S* from Berne, and other tribu- 
taries of the Kattskill run on the east and west. Han- 
nekraikill flows along and across the E. boundary. 
Sacketts is a small village centrally situated on the N. 
boundary, and there is a post office called after the 
town. 

Chest erville and South Westerlo are post villages. 
Chesterville, centrally situated, contains 1 Presbyterian 
and 1 Baptist, church, 2 tanneries, 3 stores, 1 saw mill, 
and about 40 dwellings. South Westerlo on Prevost 
creek near the S. boundary, 23 miles from Albany, has 
1 Baptist and 1 Christian church, 1 grist, and 1 saw 
mill, clothing works, 1 tavern, 2 stores, 25 dwellings. 



(276) 

TURTLE SOUP IN OLDEN TIMES. 

The following is copied from a newspaper scrap, on which there was nothing by 
which to identify the title of the paper from which it was cut. 



The early history of the first attempt at tickling the 
palates of Albany epicures with that delectable chaos of 
flavors, known as turtle soup, was made, we believe, by 
the celebrated Andrew Jackson Allen, better known as 
Dummy Allen, who for many years, acted as Edwin 
Forrest's costumer, and used to personate Caleb Quotem 
on the stage, in a style peculiar to himself. At the time 
we speak of, he kept a restaurant in the vicinity of the 
old Green Street Theater, late a Baptist Church, and 
now a theater again, and was a prime favorite among 
the bloods of the day, who made his place a customary 
resort. Albany was then, as now, a very nice village, 
but still, there were some things in Dummy Allen's 
cookery book not dreamed of in our philosophy. He 
therefore resolved to afford our ancient epicures a taste 
of bliss in a guise hitherto unknown to them, to wit: 
turtle soup. Accordingly, public announcement was 
duly made of the felicity in store for the lovers of good 
eating ; and in order that appetites might be fully whet- 
ted, for a few days before the acceptable time, a sizeable, 
aldermanic-looking green turtle was allowed to prome- 
nade at the end of a long string, upon the side-walk in 
front of Allen's establishment. In due time the repast 
came off, and proved a complete triumph of kitchen art. 
The new and delicious gift to appetite became the town 
talk, and showered upon the immortal Dummy vast repu- 
tation and much gold. 

Once more, and while the mouths of epicures were 
still watering with memories of recent bliss, the potent 
announcement was reiterated; once more a decent look- 
ing turtle, very like the other, divulged his ample neck 



Turtle Soup in Olden Times. 277 

on Andrew Jackson's premises, to the great admiration 
of beholders; once more fastidious palates enjoyed select 
morsels of Paradise from Allen's marvelous boilers; 
and once more did vast renown and much lucre fall to 
the share of the inspired costumer of the inner man. 
The governor's first business in the morning, before 
proceeding to state affairs, was to inquire whether Allen 
served up turtle soup that day. Tidings of the miracu- 
lous food would agitate the senate, disturb the house, and 
drive the lobbies wild. 

Turtle-soup became all the rage, and week after week 
it was eagerly devoured. At length, some sharp and 
perhaps envious observers thought they remarked a strik- 
ing similarity in all of Dummy Allen's turtles. One 
very suspicious individual, struck with their strong coin- 
cidence of aspect, quietly took the trouble of putting his 
sign manual on the back of one announced for that day's 
slaughter. The ill-fated criminal duly disappeared, and 
was commented upon that day, in the form of soup, as 
unusually excellent. But, amazement! when next week's 
customary announcement of turtle-soup was made, how 
speedy was the ladder of immortality knocked flat from 
under the aspiring Allen, when that same turtle, the 
identical, supposed-to-be-slaughtered victim of the week 
before, bearing the deeply cut private mark of our sus- 
picious friend, turned up, and resumed its side- walk 
promenade, apparently in capital condition for a defunct 
animal. The secret was out. The game was up. 
Dummy Allen was done for. With a regular, cheap 
supply of calves' heads, and one specimen turtle, Caleb 
Quotem had been doing the Albanian epicures for a 
whole season. At little or no expense and with the sole 
aid of their imaginative powers, he had regaled them 
with unheard-of delicacies, and at the same time put a 
golden lining to his pocket. 




(278) 

GOLDSBOEOUGH BANYAB, 

From Random Recollections of Albany, by Ignatius Jones. 



Among other curious subjects that attracted my atten- 
tion during the early part of my residence in Albany, 
was a blind old man led about the streets by his colored 
servant. It was old Mr. Banyar, a most intelligent, 
wealthy, and respectable old gentleman. He was the 
most perfect type of the Anglo- American then living. 
He was the last of a race, or class of men, now totally 
extinct a race, born in England, grown rich in America, 
proud of their birth, and prouder of their fortune. 

He had been a secretary of state under the colonial 
government, and at the breaking out of the war of the 
revolution, very naturally, and the prospect considered, 
very wisely, took sides (but not arms) with the mother 
country. He was a royalist in feeling, and doubtless in 
principle the feeling, it is believed, underwent no 
change; the principle, in the course of time, became tem- 
perately, and I may add, judiciously, modified by his 
interests. He had, while in his office of secretary, ob- 
tained from the crown many large and valuable tracts of 
land. These lands were the sources of his wealth. With 
the eye of intelligence, sharpened by the peculiarity of 
his position, he watched the course of events, and like a 
skilful pilot, steered between the extremes. He wisely 
kept a friend in either port, and had always an anchor out 
to windward. In short, he preserved his character from 
reproach, on the other side of the water, and his lands 
from confiscation on this. His mind kept pace with the 
intelligence of the age. He became an American when 
America became triumphant, thought better of republic- 
anism as it approximated to power: and finally, without 
abating one jot of his love for the land of his birth, came 
quietly into our political arena under the banner of Mr. 
Jefferson! In all this, he acted, as we think, wisely and 



Goldsborough Banyar. 279 

prudently. He was no American at the commencement 
of the war, but an Englishman, born and bred, with the 
badges of office and of confidence still in his possession. 
Yet he took no part gave no aid, and but little comfort 
to the enemy, for when secretly applied to for advice, he 
sent by the messenger a basket of fruit and when for 
information, the return was a basket of eggs! He was, 
therefore, no tory, but merely a judicious politician: in 
which character, if he acquired no/ame,he at least pre- 
served his reputation and 'his property, and merited the 
thanks of those remembered in his will. 

He must have been somewhere about three score and 
ten years of age when I first saw him in the streets of 
Albany. He was a short, stout built man, English alike 
in form, in character, and in aspect : and at the period 
to which I refer, infirm, gouty, and nearly blind; but 
still sound in mind and venerable in appearance. The 
colored servant by whom he was'led, was no unimportant 
personage. He was his man-friday his man Peter his 
all in all for without his aid, locomotion was impossible. 
What was not a little remarkable, was the fact, that 
Peter resembled his master in almost every particular, 
save his gout and his blindness. He was of the same 
height and make, as well dressed, nearly as old, and quite 
as grey. He was, moreover, as independent, as import- 
ant and as irritable. At a little distance, it was indeed 
difficult to tell which was master and which was man. 

Nothing could be more amusing than their conversa- 
tion and disputes when moving together, arm in arm, 
down Pearl street and across State, to Lewis's tavern 
a haunt, to which they resorted daily, whenever the 
weather would permit. It was indeed the haunt of a 
good many other distinguished individuals of those days. 
All the quid nuncs, news mongers, segar smokers, and 
back-gammon players, together with a long list of 
worthies, who were constitutionally thirsty between 
twelve and one o'clock, made Lewis's their headquarters. 
Could the old gentleman have seen all the company there 
assembled, listened to their language, and witnessed their 
libations at the bar, he would probably have relished 
their society something less than he did. 



280 Goldsborough Banyar. 

But, be that as it may in his frequent peregrinations 
to and from that celebrated tavern, it was my special 
pleasure (boy like) to throw myself a few paces in his 
rear, and listen to the dialogue that was sure to take 
place between him and his man Peter. It was generally 
in a pretty sharp tone of voice, and almost always upon 
a disputatious key. In crossing State street one day, on 
their return from Lewis's, it commenced thus: Peter, 
said the old man, you're leading me into the mud. 
There's no mud here, says Peter. But I say there is, 
retorted the old man fiercely. I say there aint, said 
Peter. D n it, sir, said the old man, giving his arm a 
twitch and coming to a full halt, don't you suppose I 
know the nature of the ground on which I stand? No, 
says Peter, don't spose you know any such thing; you 
ony stept one foot off the stones, that's all. Well, well, 
come along then; what do you keep me standing here in 
the street for? I don't keep you, said Peter; you keep 
yourself. Well, well, come along, said the old man, and 
let me know when I come to the gutter. You are in the 
gutter now, said Peter. The devil I am! said the old 
man; then pausing a moment, he added, in a sort of mo- 
ralizing tone, there's a worse gutter than this to cross, I 
can tell you, Peter. If there be, said Peter, I should 
like to know where 'tis; I have seen, continued Peter, 
every gutter in town, from the ferry stairs to the Pa- 
troon's, and there ainfa worse one among 'em all. But 
the gutter I mean, said the old gentleman in a lower 
tone, is one which you cross in a boat, Peter. 'Tis 
strange, said Peter, that 1 should never have found it 
out; now, lift your foot higher, or you'll hit the curb 
stone, cross a gutter in a boat! ejaculated Peter, 'tis 
nonsense. 'Tis so written down, said the old man. 
Written down, said Peter; the newspapers may write 
what they please, but I don't believe a word on't. I'm 
thinking said the old man, they put too much brandy in 
their toddy there at Lewis's. I thought so too, said 
Peter, when you were getting off the steps at the door ; 
and since you've mentioned that boat, I'm sure of it. 
What is that you say? said the old man, coming to a 



Goldsborough Banyar. 281 

halt again, and squaring himself round; you thought so, 
did you? what right had you to think any thing about 
it? I tell you, Peter, you are a fool ! 

The attitude and appearance of the parties at this 
moment was so whimsical in fact, so ridiculous, that I 
could not restrain myself from laughing aloud. Who is 
that ? said the old man, taking quietly hold of Peter's 
arm again. Don't know him, said Peter; spose he's one 
of the new comers. New comers! said the old man, re- 
peating the phrase. Is he 'old or young, Peter? Young, 
said Peter. Then I forgive him, said the old man ; and 
after a short pause, added in a lower tone of voice, may 
he never know the misfortune of blindness or the gout. 
Never in the course of my life did I feel so ashamed of 
myself as at that moment. A blow from a cane could 
not have hurt me half as much. My first thought was 
to walk directly up to him, take him by the hand and 
make him an ample apology. But to entertain a just 
sense of what we ought to do, is one thing to do it, 
quite another. In the present case, I was apprehensive 
that my apology might not be accepted; besides, it was 
not at his infirmities I laughed, but at the singular odd- 
ity of the scene. I imagined, moreover, that Jeremiah 
himself, had he been present, would have laughed at the 
ridiculous dialogue and still more ridiculous attitudes of 
the parties. 

It is impossible, I think, to reflect one momert upon 
the position which Mr. Banyar occupied during the war 
of the revolution, and the manner in which he sustained 
himself in it, without conceding to him a thorough know- 
ledge of the world, great sagacity and great address. It 
is said by those who knew him personally, that his man- 
ners were those of a gentleman, and that he possessed 
no ordinary share of talent and of wit. 

Among other curious things that attracted my atten- 
tion in the ancient city of Albany, just prior to the ex- 
tinction of the dutch dynasty, was the disproportionate 
number of old people. Pearl street in particular, was 
lined with these remnants of the olden days. The po- 
pulation of the city was evidently undergoing a thorough 



Albany in 1800. 

revolution. One whole generation nay, one whole race, 
was then on the very eve of passing au ay, while another 
of an entirely different character and aspect was coming 
in. But the most attractive pictures to my eye, were 
the aged members of the retiring race. 



The city of Albany, in 1800, though the capital of the 
state, and occupying a commanding position, was, ne- 
vertheless, in point of size, commercial importance, and 
architectural dignity, but a third or fourth-rate town. 
It was not, in some respects, what it might have been; 
but it was, in all respects, unlike what it now is. It 
has probably undergone a greater change, not only in its 
physical aspect, but in the habits and character of its 
population, than any other city in the United States. 
It was even in 1800 an old town, but the face of nature 
in and around it had been but little disturbed. Old as 
it was, it still retained its primitive aspect, and stood in 
all its original simplicity; maintaining its quaint and 
quiescent character, unchanged, unmodified, and unim- 
proved: still pertinaciously adhering, in all its walks, 
to the old track and the old form. The rude hand of 
innovation, however, was then just beginning to be felt; 
and slight as was the touch, it was felt as an injury, or 
resented as an insult. 

Nothing could be more unique or picturesque to the 
eye, than Albany in its primitive days. Even at the pe- 
riod above mentioned, it struck me as peculiarly naive 
and beautiful. All was antique, clean and quiet. There 
was no noise, no hurry, no confusion. There was no 
putting up nor pulling down ; no ill-looking excavations, 
no leveling of hills, no filling up of valleys: in short, none 
of those villainous improvements, which disfigure the 
face of nature, and exhibit the restless spirit of the Anglo- 
Saxon race. The stinted pines still covered the hills to 
the very edge of the city, and the ravines and valleys 
were clothed with evergreens, intermixed with briars, 
and spangled with the wild rose. 



(283) 



FIRST ENGLISH CHURCH IN ALBANY. 

From (XCallaghnn's Documentary History, vol. iii, p. 907. 



To his Excellency Robert Hunter, Esq, Captain Gene- 
rail and Governour in Chief of the Provinces of 
^New York, New Jersey, &c. 

The humble peticon of Thomas Barclay minister and 
Peter Mathews and James Dunbar the present Wardens 
of the English Church at Albany. 

Sheweth Vnto your Excellency that whereas the right 
honorable the society for propagating of the gospell in 
forrain parts have been pleased to appoint the peticoner 
Thomas Barclay their missionary for the city of Albany 
for the benefit of the garrison and Inhabitants there to 
perform divin service according to the liturgy of the 
Church of England, they have hitherto been necessitated 
to make use of a small old Chappel 'belonging to a Lu- 
theran congregacon at unseasonable hours, as by their 
permission the house also [being] worn out & decayd. 
Your Excellency taking it into your pious consideracon 
on the 31th of May last was graciously pleased to grant 
to the s d peticoners a Lycence under your hand & seal to 
collect and receive the charity & benevolence of all good 
Christians within the province towards the building of a 
church or chappel for divin service in the center of the 
broad street called Yonkers Street leading from the ffort 
to the waterside between the end of pearl street & the 
small street that leads to the Lutheran Church not ex- 
ceeding sixty feet in length and fortv five foot in breadth 
which by your Excellencie's Encouragement and example 
has hitherto been wonderfully successfull. Your Excell- 
ency having lately viewed the situation and the peticon- 
ers being advised that it will be more comodious [if] the 
same be built higher up the s d street neerer to the ffort 
were it is much wider wher may be conveniently spared 



284 First English Church in Albany. 

for the situation of a Church & Cemitery Ninety foot in 
length and sixty foot in breadth between the houses of 
Stephanus Groesbeck on the north side and the house of 
Abraham Cuyler on the south side not to extend further 
east than the east end of s d houses and thence to stretch 
westerly Ninety foot in the same breadth of sixty foot 
equally distant from s d houses, they therefore humbly 
pray 

May it please your Excellency 

To grant to the peticoners in trust to and for the use of 
s d minister and wardens and their successors fore ever 
letters pattent under the seal of the province of New 
York for that spot of ground and that the Benevolence 
already given and subscribed in virtue of your Excellen- 
cies said lycence be appropriated towards the building of 
the s d Church or Chappel therein the alteracon of the site 
or any article or clause otherwise worded in the said ly- 
cence notwithstanding under such quitrent as your Ex- 
cellency shall think fit to propose in this behalf. And 
the peticoners as in all duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

October 7th 17f4. THO: BARCLAY. 

21 Oct. 1714 Read & granted. 



(285) 



ALBANY IN 1691 AND IN 1853. 

From the Albany Evening Alias. 

A glance at what Albany was in 1691 and a compari- 
son with what it is now, presents some interesting facts. 
We find a description of the place given by the *' Gov- 
ernor and Council of New York and Dependencies," 
written on the 6th August, 1691. as follows: 

Albany in 1691. *' Albany lyes upon the same river, 
distant from New York 144 mil_-s, only settled for In- 
dian trade ; its commerce extends itself as far as the 
Lakes of Canada and the Sinnekes Country in which is 
the Susquehannah River; their chief dependance is 
upon their traffick with the five Nations called JSin- 
nekes, Cayeugoes, Oneydes, Onondagas and Marquase ; 
which Indians in the time of the Dutch did surrender 
themselves and their lands to the obedience and protec- 
tion of Albany, and upon that place's reducon to your 
Majesties Crowne of England they continued confirming 
the same successively to all the Governours of this 
Province, and hath now ratified and confirmed the same 
unto your Majesty, so that all that tract of land from 
the Westermost extent of the Sinnekes Country unto 
Albany hath been appropriated and did absolutely be- 
long unto the Inhabitants of Albany upwards of fourty 
years. The Indian inhabitants have always reckoned 
themselves subjects to your Majesties Crowne and are 
not willing to submit or have any trade or Commerce 
with any of your Majesties subjects but those at Albany, 
your Majesties forts of New York and Albany had al- 
ways an absolute dominion over all the Indian Nations 
adjacent to this Province but especially of all those to 
the Westward; and they were accustomed annually to 
bring tribute to your Majesties forts, acknowledging the 
same, but of late years the neighboring Collonys have 
obstructed them, which we consider highly injurious to 
24 



286 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

your Majesties interest and that this loyalty is not con- 
veyed by any of the afore recited grants." 

The Pasture The Fan Rensselaer's Claim.- Again, 
in reference to the old pasture, a locality which retained 
its appellation until late years, but which is now be- 
coming so thickly settled and built upon that its cogno- 
men is wearing away, Gov. Dongan, at an earlier date 
(1687), wrote as follows: 

" As for this of the Pasture, he is mistaken, it was 
never yet in the King's hands, but hee that was the 
commander took some profits of it, which was a great 
grievance to the people, it having been patented by 
Governor Nicolls to several people and by them built 
upon whose buildings have been since carried away by 
the overflowing of the river. It doe's not contain above 
fifteen or sixteen acres. I doubt not but I shall make 
it appear that I have done nothing in this to his Mat'ys 
prejudice I conceive I have done the King very good 
service in Albany. The town of Albany lyes within the 
Ranslaers Colony, and to say truth the Ranslaers had 
the right to it for it was they settled the place, and upon 
a petition of one of them to our present King about Al- 
bany the petitioner was referred to his Mat ys Council 
at law who upon a perusal of the Ranslaers papers 
made their return that it was their opinion that it did 
belong to them. Upon which there was an order sent 
over to Sir Edmund Andros that the Ranslaers should 
be put in possession of Albany, and that every house 
should pay some two beavers, some more some less ac- 
cording to their dimensions pr annum, for thirty years, 
and afterwards the Ranslaers to put what rent upon 
them they could agree for. What reason Sir Edmund 
Andros has given for not putting these orders in execu- 
tion I know not. 

" The Ranslaers came and brought me the same or- 
ders which I thought not convenient to execute judging it 
not for his Mat'ys interest that the second town of the 
Government and which brings his Mat'y soe great a 
Revenue should bee in the hands of any particular men. 
This town of itself is upon a barren sandy spot of land, 



Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 287 

and the inhabitants live wholly upon trade with the In- 
dians. By the meanes of Mr. James Graham, Judge 
Palmer, and Mr. Cortlandt that have ^reat influence on 
that people, I got the Ranslears to release their pretence 
to the town and sixteen miles into the country for com- 
mons to the King with liberty to cut firewood within 
the colony for one and twenty years. After I had ob- 
tained this release of the Ranslears I passed the patent 
for Albany wherein was included the afore-mentioned 
pasture, to which the people apprehended they had so 
good a right that they expressed themselves discontented 
at my reserving a small spot of it for a garden for the 
use of the garrison." 

Another Description. Chevalier De Calliers, Govern- 
or of Montreal in 1689, speaks of Albany as being 
" about as large as Montreal, surrounded by~picquets, 
at one end of which is an Earthern Fort defended by 
palisades, and consisting of four small bastions. There 
is a garrison of 150 men, of three companies in the Fort, 
and some pieces of cannon. Said town of Orange (Al- 
bany) may contain about 150 houses, and 300 inhabit- 
ants capable of bearing arms, the majority of whom are 
Dutch, and some French Refugees, with some English." 

Albany in 1853. From these descriptions, a pretty 
clear idea can be formed of what Albany was in olden 
time. What Albany is now, is told in the fixed facts 
which surround her. If Albany was " only settled for 
Indian trade," it is now occupied for a far different pur- 
pose. Its extensive manufacturing establishments and 
wide-spread commerce were not dreamed of by the early 
settlers. It was not then, as it is now, the capital of 
the Empire State of the Union; surrounded by six or 
seven rail roads, branching out in every direction, and 
communicating with the most distant as well as the 
largest marts of trade ; at the head of the navigation of 
the Hudson River, and at the foot of the navigation of 
the Erie Canal, thus forming a connecting link between 
the great West and the South and East ; filled with man- 
ufacturing establishments of every kind; within three or 
four hours ride of the great Commercial Emporium of 



288 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

the Western World; and supplied with all the modern 
facilities to aid and forward the requirements of trade 
and commerce. This is what Albany is now, arid ex- 
hibits her as in the most flourishing condition. 

No inland city has ever shown a more flattering in- 
crease in business and population, in ten or fifteen years. 
The last census (1850) showed a population of 50,763. 
The ratio of increase since 1830, we give below; 

In 1830 the population was 24.238 

1835 " " " 28,109 ' 

1840 u " 33,763 

1845 " " " ..? 42,139 

1850 " " " 50,763 

Showing an increase of 17,000 in ten years; enough 
to make three or four good sized villages. 

Original Name City Government, Albany was origi- 
nally called Beaver Wyck, or Beaver town, and after- 
ward Williamstadt. It received its present name in 
1664, in honor of James, Duke of York and Albany, af- 
terwards James II, in whose reign the original city was 
granted by Governor Dongan, July 22, 1686, and the 
government vested in " The Mayor, Aldermen and Com- 
monalty of the city of Albany," consisting of the mayor, 
recorder, ten aldermen and ten assistants. In the 
course of amendments to the charter made by the legis- 
lature, at different periods, the assistant aldermen have 
been merged in ten aldermen, the board consisting of 
twenty, ten of whom are elected each year. 

The Basin. A basin has been formed in front of the 
city, protected from the river by a pier, one mile and a 
quarter in length, in the centre of which is a cut used by 
the rail road ferry boats to pass out into the river, and 
so across to the opposite side. This basin furnishes a 
safe harbor for vessels of all descriptions, and secures 
them from injury by ice, which in the spring freshets 
comes down the river in immense quantities, sometimes 
causing great damage. 

Situation of the City Improvements. The city is 
commanding in its situation, and appears to great ad- 
vantage from the river. There are three ravines run- 



Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 289 

ning from east to west, known as the Foxen Kill, the 
Rutten Kill, and the Beaver Kill. These ravines, which 
were once enclosed by land at an elevation of from 140 
to 160 feet above the river, are now graded, laid out in 
streets and built upon; and so much improved, that no 
sign of their original condition is visible. 

Public Buildings Academy. The public buildings 
are of the most beautiful and tasteful character. The 
Capitol, which was built in 1807, yet bears traces of the 
highest finish, while its Architecture exhibits a style of 
the most commanding character. This building is occu- 
pied by the legislature, the state library, the court of ap- 
peals and supreme court, the governor and adjutant 
general. The new state library building is located di- 
rectly in the rear of the Capitol; is fire proof and 
finished in the perfection of modern styles. The City 
Hall, occupied for city and county purposes, and by the 
United States Courts, and also the Albany Academy, 
having from four hundred to five hundred pupils, face 
the public squares at the head of State street, Maiden 
lane, Pine street, and Steuben street. In the rear of 
the City Hall is the new Jail, and north, fronting on the 
Academy Park, is the new State House, occupied by the 
state officers. 

Principal Public Squares. Two public squares, one 
on each side of Washington street, are known as Capi- 
tol and Academy Parks. They are enclosed with sub- 
stantial iron fences, erected on stone copings, and laid 
out with walks lined with ornamental trees of the 
choicest species. A more delightful spot is not to be 
found in any inland city in the Union. 

Medical College and Hospital. A few rods south, on 
Eagle street, is the Medical College, incorporated in 
1839, and to which a building admirably adapted to its 
purpose, was granted by the city corporation. It was 
formerly occupied as a public school, which was con- 
ducted on the Lancasterian system many years under 
the charge of Mr. Tweed Dale, The College possesses 
one of the most valuable Museums in the country, con- 
taining many specimens imported direct from Germany 



290 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

and France, Nearly opposite is the old Jail building, 
which has been, for some months, undergoing alterations 
for the purpose of converting it into a Hospital, It is 
now nearly completed, and will be, when finished, one 
of the best hospitals in the state. The building at pre- 
sent occupied as a Hospital, is situated at the corner of 
Lydius and Swan streets. 

Female Seminary. In addition to the Academy spoken 
of, there is a Female Academy, which has annually 
from three hundred to four hundred pupils. This insti- 
tution ranks high, and .occupies, a handsome and conve- 
nient edifice on North Pearl street. Connected with it 
is the Albany Library, numbering about 1,000 volumes. 

Exchange Building. The Albany Exchange, situated 
at the foot of State street, is a large and commodious 
building, constructed of granite. In this building is the 
Post Office, the Exchange Bank and numerous other 
offices. 

Young Men's Association. Association Hall is on the 
south side of State street, near the intersection of Broad- 
way. The Young Men's Association occupies the upper 
part of this building, having a library room, reading 
room and lecture room. The latter is supplied with a 
gallery, and is capable of seating eight hundred persons. 
This Association, which is for mutual improvement, was 
the pioneer institution of its kind in the state, and em- 
braces all ranks and professions, pumbering last year 
1,721 members. Its reading room is supplied-with all the 
leading newspapers of this country and England; also 
the most popular and standard periodicals and reviews, 
native and foreign. Its librai y is valued at $8,000. Last 
year there were drawn from its shelves 10,397 volumes, 
During the Lecture season, which extends from December 
to March, one lecture a week is delivered. Strangers 
have access to all except the lectures and library. The 
receipts, last year, from all sources, amounted to $5,018*75 
expenditures, $4, 502'55. 

State Normal School. The Normal School for the 
state of New York, was established by an act of the 
legislature in 1844, for the instruction and practice of 



Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 291 

teachers in common schools, in the science of education, 
and the art of teaching. Its object is to improve the teach- 
ers of common schools; and the course of study and the 
conditions of admission have been adopted with reference 
to that object. Each county in the state is entitled to 
send to the school a number of pupils (either male or 
female) equal to twice the number of members of assem- 
bly in such county. The pupils are appointed by the 
town superintendents, at a meeting called for that pur- 
pose by the superintendent of the county town. The 
school occupies a large brick five-story building on the 
corner of Lodge and Howard streets. 

University and Observatory. The University of Alba- 
ny is an institution, connected with which are some of 
the brightest intellects of the state. It embraces depart- 
ments of law and science. There is also to be connected 
with it an Observatory, called Dudley Observatory, 
taking its name from the late Hon. Charles E. Dudley, 
whose widow, Mrs. Blandina Dudley, is the founder and 
principal donor. This building, which is nearly com- 
pleted, is in the form of a cross, with a front 86 feet in 
length, and about 70 feet in depth. It is located on a 
beautiful and commanding eminence, near the western 
limits of the city. The plans for the building were 
prepared under direction of Prof. 0. M. Mitchell, and 
combine scientific accuracy with architectural beauty and 
effect. 

Asylum for Idiots. This is a state institution, and is 
located on the Troy Road. There are thirty pupils sup- 
ported by the state and ten who pay for their board and 
instruction. By an act of the legislature, passed April, 
1853, an appropriation of $10,000 was made for the 
erection of a building to accommodate one hundred or 
more pupils, so that each judicial district will be allowed 
to furnish eight pupils, when the building is completed. 

The Penitentiary. The Penitentiary, in charge of 
Captain Pilsbury, is located very pleasantly, about three 
quarters of a mile from the river. It is a large brick 
building, and is supplied with from four hundred to five 
hundred convicts the year round. Labor forms a part 



292 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

of the discipline, and for the past year the convicts have 
earned a surplus over the cost of maintaining them, 
amounting to $3,000. 

The Alms House. The Poor House, Z. R. Brockway, 
superintendent, is located about a quarter of a mile be- 
yond the Penitentiary, and consists of extensive and 
convenient buildings, forming a square, and has con- 
nected with it a farm of 150 acres cultivated by the in- 
mates; there is a hospital and insane department con- 
nected with this institution. 

Orphan Asylum. About a mile west of the City Hall, 
at the head of Washington street, stands the Orphan 
Asylum, a private incorporated institution, under the 
government of a Board of Managers, which contains 
generally about 150 male and female children, who en- 
joy the benefits of education, and moral and religious 
instruction. It is dependent upon the benevolent for its 
support. Aid. Valentine is the superintendent. 

St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum. Connected with St., 
Mary's Church, is St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum, a Cath- 
olic institution, for females only, which contains over 
one hundred inmate.s, and is under the charge of Sisters 
of Charity. 

Other Public Property. There are also, belonging to 
the city, half a dozen or more public squares, two mar- 
kets, ten district school buildings, with dwellings at- 
tached for teachers, eleven engine houses, one hook and 
ladder house, one hose cart house and a hose depot, all 
built of brick in a substantial manner and convenient in 
their arrangement. 

Churches.- -There are of churches: 



Baptist 


;") 
i 
1 
5 
1 
3 
1 
1 
J 
1 




Bethel 






Associate Presbyterian, 1 
Reformed Protestant Dutch,. 3 
Reformed Dutch 1 


Episcopal 


Friends . . . 




Roman Catholic Cathedral, . . 1 
" Churches,.. 4 


Evangelical German, 
Lutheran, 
Evangl Lutheran German, . . 
ft Protestant German. 







Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 293 

Geological and Agricultural Rooms. The old State 
Hall, on State street, is occupied as a Museum of the 
Geological Cabinet, formed under the direction of the 
state geological surveyors, and is an attractive and 
highly interesting and instructive place of resort ; as also 
the State Agricultural Rooms, which are supplied with 
agricultural implements, and remarkable specimens of 
agricultural products. 

Trade and Commerce. Of the trade and commerce of 
Albany, the following statement, comprising the leading 
trades, gathered from the most authentic sources, will 
give some idea : 

Agricultural Implements,.... 3i Forwarders, 46 

Bakers. 61 Grocers, 434 

Blacksmiths, 33 Hardware, . 7 



Boiler Makers 8 

Booksellers, 12 



Hats, Caps, $c 20- 



Hotels, 

Boot and Shoe dealers, 34 Iron Founders 11 

Boot and Shoe makers, 70J Jewelry and Watches, 29 

Brass Founders, 5 Lumber dealers 44 

Brewers 11 Machinists, 11 

Brick Makers, 1\ Marble W-rks, 7 

Cabinet Makers, 18|Newspapers, 18 

Carpenters and Builders,.... 67 i Produce dealers, 39 

Carriage Makers, HJProvisions, 13 

Segar Makers, 21 Publishers, 8 

Clothing Dealers, 67 Rope Makers, 5 

Coal,.... 1 3 Saddle and Harness, 16 

Commission Merchants, 23 1 Sash Makers, 6 

Confectioners, 23J Saw Mills, 6 

China and Glass, 4 Soap and Candles S 



Drugs and Medicines, 24 

Dry Goods, 66 



Stove Manufacturers, .... 

Stove dealers 20 



Flour Dealers, 54 Sheet Iron Workers, 14 

Upholsterers, llj Wood dealers, 14 

Wheelwrights, 10 Wool dealers, 5 

Other occupations, 1600 

Banks. There are nine banks, besides three savings 
banks, with an aggregate capital of $2,801.000, as fol- 
lows : 

Bank of Albany, $240,000 

New York State Bank, 250,000 

Mechanics' an 1 Farmers 1 Bank, 350,000 

Commercial Bank, 300,000 



-294 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

Albany City Bank, 500,00 ) 

Exchange Bank, 31 1,000 

Bank or the Capitol. 350,000 

Merchants' Bank, .. 250,000 

Union Bank, 250,000 

$2,801,000 

River Navigation. The harbor master's books for 
1852 showed that the number of vessels arriving and 
departing from this port during the season was as fol- 
lows. The number for the present year will show an 
increase : 



No. Tons. 

Schooners, 329 27 -363 

Sloops, 240 U'352 

Barges, 181 24'303 



No. Tons. 

Steamers, 39 16'432 

Propellers, 9 1'635 

Screws, 9 511 

807 84-596 

Canal Navigation, The number of loaded boats 
weighed at the weigh locks this season amounted to 
4,587. Total weight, 488,025,944. Number of light 
boats, 605. 

Rail Roads. There are six rail roads, branching out 
in every direction, on which about 60 trains arrive and 
depart daily. 

Manufactures. The principal manufactures of Albany 
are iron hollowware, ale and malt. It would be next to 
an impossibility to get any where near the actual amount 
of iron manufacture, but we may state that in the one 
article of stoves alone, from 150,000 to 200,000 are 
made annually. This amount, at an average of $10 
apiece, would nett near $2,000,000! 

About 250,000 barrels of beer have been manufactured 
during the past year, which, at $5*50 per barrel, an 
average price, amounts to over one million and a half 
of dollars. Of malt there has been manufactured about 
915,000 bushels, amounting at its present price to nearly 
a million of dollars. 

Assessed Value of Property. The assessed valuation 
of real estate the past year is set down at $16,307,666; of 
personal estate, $4,567,889; total, $20,887,555. 



Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 295 

Benevolent Societies. There are fourteen benevolent 
societies, as follows: 

Albany County Bible Society. 

Albany City Tract Society. 

Albany Fire Department. 

Maternal Benevolent Society. 

Needlewoman's Friend Society. 

Bricklayers and Masons' Union Benevolent Society. 

Hibernian Provident Society. 

Journeyman Hatters' Society. 

Laborers' Benevolent Society. 

Mechanics' Benefit Society. 

St. Andrew's Society. 

St. Joseph's Catholic Benevolent Society. 

St. Nicholas Society. 

Shamrock Benevolent Society. 

Medical Societies. There are three medical societies, 
as follows ; 

Medical Society of the State of New York. 

Homoeopathic Medical Society of New York. 

Albany County Medical Society. 

Masonic Bodies. There are seven chapters and lodges 
as follows : 

Grand Chapter of the State of New York. 

Grand Lodge of the State of New York. 

Temple Chapter, No. 5. 

Mount Vernon Lodge, No. 3. 

Masters Lodge, No. 5. 

Temple Lodge, No. 14. 

Washington Lodge, No. 85. 

United Americans. There are three chapters of the 
Order of United Americans, as follows: 

Liberty Tree Chapter, No. 44. 

Star Spangled Banner Chapter, No. 50. 

George Washington Chapter. No. 64. 
Odd Felloivs. There are in this district 21 lodges, 
composed of 1,895 members, besides two encampments 
and three degree lodges. 

Temperance Societies. Sons of Temperance. Albany 
Division, No. 24; Clinton Division, No. 76. 



296 Albany in 1691 and in 1853. 

I. 0. of Rechabites. Forest Tent, No. 175; Scho- 
negh-ta-da Tent, No. 304. 

O. of Social Circles. Albany Circle, No. 1 ; Constel- 
lation Circle, No. 14. 

Temple of Honor. Tivoli Temple, No. 22. 
Albany County Temperance Society. 
City Temperance Alliance. 
Albany Dorcas Temperance Society. 
These last five admit ladies to membership. 
Military. There are eight military companies, as fol- 
lows : 

Albany Republican Artillery. 

Albany Burgesses Corps. 

Albany Emmet Guards. 

Washington Rifle Company. 

Albany Worth Guards. 

Albany Scotch Light Infantry. 

Albany City Volunteers. 

Albany City Cavalry. 



(297) 

DESCRIPTION OF ALBANY COUNTY. 

From Spafford's Gazetteer of New York, 1824. 



Albany county is situated on the west side of the Hudson 
river, [supposed] 160 miles by water, but only 144 by land, 
north of the city of New Yortt , and is bounded north by the 
counties of Schenectady and Saratoga, east by Rensselaer 
county, south by the county of Greene, and west by the 
county of Schoharie. Its form is slightly irregular, about 
22 by 21 miles, and its area 462 square miles, or 295,- 
680 acres; situated between 42 21' and 42" 45' north 
latitude, and 20 east and 15 west longitude from New 
York city. 

Towns. Population. Imp. Land. 

Albany, - 12,630 1,515 

Berne, - - 3,031 33,559 

Bethlehem, - 5,114 31,706 

Coeymans, 2,812 15,829 

Guilderlandt, 2,270 14,736 

Knox, - - 2,500 

Rensselaerville, 3,435 22,465 

Watervliet, - 2,800 17,530 

Westerlo, 3,458 25,167 



38,116 159,907 

The county of Albany embraces a very broad diversity 
of natural aspect. Its geological character may be taken , 
in few words, from Prof. Eaton's survey. '* The whole 
county belongs to the transition and secondary forma- 
tions. The argillite (or common slate) evidently under- 
lays the whole. The graywacke overlays the argil- 
lite and conceals it in most of the middle and western parts 
of the county. Fragments of breccia were found in the 
south part of the county, attached to large blocks of gray- 
wacke slate. The graywacke is often covered with shell 
limestone, which last is frequently overlaid by secondary 

[ Annals, v.] 24 



298 Description of Albany County. 

sandstone, or rather, calcareous sandstone." Geology of 
Albany County, p. 11, 1820. Large blocks of primitive 
rocks were found reposing on the soil, but none in place, 
as the phrase is, or where they are supposed to have 
been formed. The minerals noticed in the above survey 
are snowy gypsum, in the Helderbergs; compact lime- 
stone, in Bethlehem and Coeymans; calcareous sinter, in 
Bethlehem cavern; brown spar, Bethlehem cavern; marie 
(earthy), in Bethlehem and Coeymans; sulphate of mag- 
nesia; striated quartz; ferruginous quartz; hornstone; sili- 
cious slate, in Watervliet and Bethlehem; green ja^pery 
slate; argillite ; sulphuret of iron; argillaceous oxide of 
iron (bog ore), in Bethlehem, Watervliet, and Guilder- 
landt: and perhaps water limestone, with some mineral 
springs, as in Coeymans, Guilderlandt, and at Caldwell's 
Factory, weak chalybeates, and several sulphureted hydro- 
gene springs, such as that called Harrowgate, at Green- 
bush. To save time, and conclude my labor (for with 
this article I end a task of two years), I give below my 
former description of this county. Argillite, is what I 
called fragile schistus. 

The soil and surface of Albany county, are very much 
diversified. Along the Hudson, which forms its eastern 
boundary, are some pretty extensive alluvial flats, as 
there are also on the Norman's kill ; but along the 
Mohawk, which washes its northern extremity, the land ij 
rugged, broken, and rather sterile. The western part is 
'broken by the Helderberg hills, where the soil is princi- 
pally a calcareous loam. The interior is principally occu- 
pied by elevated sandy plains, wooded with pine, with 
many small marshes and tracts of cold and wet sand or 
clay, producing little else than dwarf shrubbery and coarse 
wild, or sedge-grass. From the Helderberg hills to the 
Hudson, a soft blue fetid clay forms the general substra- 
tum, at various depths, and surmounted by sand, loam, 
or an indifferent species of marie. Some little blocks of 
calcareous, and one or two samples of silicious granite 
appear, but the rocks are principally argillite, or gray- 
wacke and graywacke-slate, as at the Cahoos, and at 
Norman's kill. Although this county contains the politi- 



Description of Albany County. 299 

cal capital of the state, the general centre of immense 
commerce, trade, and intercourse, a large share of the 
lands are yet uncultivated. Between Albany and Sche- 
nectady, are extensive pine-plains, covered with wood, 
and the soil offers little encouragement to agriculturists 
at the present day. There are some small mineral springs, 
either weak chalybeates, or sulphureted hydrogene, of 
some use in scorbutic affections. There are several small 
creeks, the largest of which is Norman's kill.which receives 
Bouza kill or creek from Schenectady county; and Coey- 
man's creek, and Bethlehem creek, are also small mill- 
streams. The Kaatskill, or Catskill, rises in the south- 
west part of this county, and runs through Greene county ; 
Schoharie creek receives also some small waters from the 
western part. Ten Mile creek, of Rensselaerville, is a 
superior little stream for mills, besides which there are, 
Mill creek, Hockatock, Vlaman's kill, Basic, Foxes, or 
Fox creek, and some others, too inconsiderable for notice 
in this place. It may, perhaps, by some, be supposed 
that I have rather undervalued the character of the lands 
of this county, since it has been proved that good gardens 
and small farms may be made on the cold and wet sandy 
lands, some choice spots of which have been tried, and 
successfully, but at what expense, has not been stated. 
Money enough, and a passion for overcoming obstacles, 
may do much, but no poor man can make money by 
making the soil that he is to cultivate. The hilly lands of 
the west part of this county, with good agriculture, may 
be made quite productive as farms, and Albany county 
has a pretty good proportion of very tolerable farm-lands, 
much that is very handsome and rich, and yet a large 
portion of it, at the present day, must be considered 
waste-land, or of very little value. But, agriculture, and 
horticulture, are making rapid strides, and they can and 
will perform great things, aided by liberality, public 
spirit, a generous competition, and the great wealth and 
power of capitalists, rich enough and some to spare. The 
county of Albany has an agricultural society, which re- 
ceives $350 a year from the state, and of course expends 
double that sum in premiums, for the encouragement and 



300 Description of Albany County. 

improvement of farming, gardening, domestic manufac- 
tures. &c. This county is one of the oldest in the state. 
The Erie canal, and the Champlain canal, form their 
junction in this county, and here descend to the Hudson, 
in the city of Albany, through a Basin of great magni- 
tude. These gigantic projects, as they were lately called, 
are now so nearly executed, that another year, say 1824, 
may see them finished, in full activity, the wonder and 
the admiration of the age in which we live! Four hund- 
red and twenty-four miles of canal navigation, is truly a 
great work for a young republic, one, only, of the old 
thirteen members of the same family, so rapidly multiply- 
ing that New York is now but one of the twenty-four 
states of the federal union. What will the old world 
say to this? Why, that youth is vigorous, full of new 
enterprizes, and old age decrepid, querulous, embroiled, 
jealous, and full of contention and strife: "who ever 
heard of an old republic ? " The key stone of the 
federal arch for such New York is casts forward her 
mental vision through the vista of ages yet remote, and 
forms one grand link in that chain of intercourse and in- 
terests, by which the several members of this family are 
to be held together. This noble example has electrified 
all the members, save the heads of the family, and every 
true patriot must ardently desire that they, also, may 
soon feel its influence. From the dome of our Capitol 
Rome had its capitol, and was a republic from this 
dome, let us look at the Hudson; see its commerce em- 
bracing that of lake Erie, arid the world of inland seas 
that lie beyond it, lake Champlain, and the St. Lawrence: 
and then let us look back, retrace the history of our coun- 
try, and of those who peopled it, and see with what deeds 
the genius of liberty inspires her sons. But, above all, 
see thou that these prospects do not turn thy brain, in- 
flate thee with pride, gentle reader for communities are 
made up of individuals and lead thee, in the contem- 
plation and enjoyment of the gift, to forget the giver. 

It may not be amiss to notice that the United States' 
Arsenal, the principal depot of arms, munitions of war, 
&c., for the northern states, is in this county, on the canal. 



Description of Albany County. 301 

six miles north of the Capitol. There is a degree of ele- 
gant simplicity in the architecture, and of economy and 
order, in the arrangement of this establishment, that 
makes me the more regret its design and object. A 
manufactory, connected with the arts of peace, so ad- 
mirably formed and regulated, would be a model of beauty 
and perfection in its line, well worth the ambition of 
moneyed enterprise and the highest order of mechanical 
genius. 

Statistics. Albany elects 3 members of assembly ; and 
1 representative to congress, forming the 10th congress 
district; towns, 9, and wards, 5; post-offices, 10; popu- 
lation, 38,116; ratio of increase per annum, 2 per cent; 
persons employed in agriculture, 4985; in commerce and 
trade, 555; in manufactures and trades, 1820; whole 
number of whites, 36,845; free blacks, 858; slaves, 413; 
foreigners not naturalized, 321; school districts, 121; 
schools kept, on an average, 10 months in 12; public 
moneys received for support of common schools and the 
Lancaster school in the city of Albany, in 1821 $4862'64: 
No. of children, between 5 and 15 years of age (exclusive 
of the city), 7600 ; No. taught that year (including the 
city), 6758: taxable property, $7,484,647; electors, under 
the new constitution, 7497; acres of improved land, 159,- 
907; No. of cattle, 27,995; horses, 8893; sheep, 52,613; 
yards of cloth made in families in 1821, 190,795: grist- 
mills, 33; saw-mills, 90; oil-mills, 6; fulling-mills, 18; 
carding machines, 17; cotton and woolen factories, 2; 
distilleries, 4; asheries, 10; to which may be added, 2 
mills for grinding dye-stuffs. The manufactory of the 
Messrs. Wilsons supplies globes of various sizes, in no 
respect inferior to the best imported. 

BERNE, or BERN, a post township of Albany county, 
20 miles west of Albany, bounded north by Knox, east 
by Guilderlandt and Bethlehem, south by Westerlo and 
Rensselaervile, west by Middleburgh of Schoharie county. 
The situation is elevated, on the height of land between 
Albany and Schoharie counties, and the surface much 
broken by the Helderberg hills. The rocks are calcareous, 



302 Description of Albany County. 

and present many precipices of 70, 100, and some of near 
203 feet perpendicular elevation. The streams are but 
small, the sources of those that run into Schoharie and 
Catskill creeks; and there are two small natural ponds of 
about 100 acres each : but it is well supplied with small 
springs and brooks. The valleys are of considerable 
extent, and present a fine soil of light, calcareous loam; 
while there are also tracts of clay, of marsh, bog-turf, and 
marl. These hills have many natural caverns, and 
exhibit to the superficial observer many indications of 
metallic treasures. There is a marsh of some extent 
which yields a fine white sand that promises to be of use in 
the arts, and a cranberry bog within this deserves notice 
as a singular curiosity. A lofty ledge of rocks, of great 
extent, being the main spine of the Helderbergs, on the 
eastern borders of Bern, is well worthy the attention of 
the curious. Its eastern front has the perpendicularity 
of an artificial wall or a basaltic column, presenting a 
lofty rampart of 200 to 500 feet elevation, with an up- 
right or shelving precipice, in many places 200 feet high, 
and perfectly inaccessible but by climbing on ropes or 
ladders. The rocks abound much with those impressions 
resembling muscle-shells, attributed to petrifaction. The 
lands are held by durable lease from Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer, Esq., subject to an annual rent of about 10 to 14 
bushels of wheat for 100 acres. The inhabitants are 
principaly farmers, of domestic habits, and who manufac- 
ture the most of their clothing in their own families. In 
the limestone rocks of this country (as in all others), 
there are natural caverns, some of considerable extent. 
Professor Eaton found, in the secondary sandstone of 
this town, petrifactions of a culmiferous plant. The 
town of Knox was erected from the north end of this 
town, in 1822, since the two late censuses, so that I can 
only guess at the population of each town, aided by the 
guessing and computation of others. A correspondent 
in Knox, estimates its population at 2500, which would 
leave to Berne 3031. Thompson's, and Warner's ponds, 
or lakes, noticed above, may be named here, in compli- 
ment to an attentive correspondent. The Berne post 



Description of Albany County. 303 

office is on the Albany and Delaware turnpike, 16 miles 
from Albany. Population of Berne, in 1820, 5531: 1254 
farmers, 11 traders, 186 mechanics; 9 foreigners, 16 free 
blacks, 30 slaves; taxable property, in 1821, $5537-74; 
school districts in 1821,27; schools kept 8 months in 12; 
1033 electors in 1821; 33,559 acres improved land, 5238 
cattle, 1701 horses, 11,518 sheep; 40,202 yards cloth; 3 
grist mills, 21 saw mills, 2 oil mills, 3 fulling mills, 3 car- 
ding machines, 1 distillery, 1 ashery. 

BETHLEHEM, a post township of Albany county, a half 
to 15 miles south and west of Albany, bounded north by 
Guilderland, northeast by Albany, east by the Hudson 
river or the county of Rensselaer, south by Westerlo and 
Coeymans, west by Berne. The area may be 96 square 
miles, or 61,440 acres; its centre about 8 miles south- 
west from Albany. For the general character of the 
soil, the county maybe consulted, and the surface is con- 
siderably diversified. Much of the whole is yet covered 
with wood ; though it sustains a very considerable popu- 
lation. Bethlehem creek, or Vlaman's kill, waters the 
central part; and Norman's creek, a fine mill-stream, re- 
ceiving Vly kill from the northwestern part, crosses the 
northeast corner to the Hudson, which it enters 2J miles 
below Albany, and supplies abundance of water for valu- 
able mills erected near its mouth. Coeymans creek rises 
in the southern part, and though a small stream, affords 
some advantages. The Helderberg hills that traverse the 
county of Albany, occupy a small part of this town, the 
west line of which just skirts the main ridge. There are 
some extensive and valuble alluvial lands along the Hud- 
son, which were early settled by the Dutch, and are still 
occupied by their descendants. Along these flats, or on 
the slope of the river hill, is Cherry hill, the seat of a 
Van Rensselaer family, 1 mile below the city; the hamlet 
of Rensselaer's mills, at the mouth of Norman's kill, 2J 
miles: Schuyler hull, the seat of the late Maj. General 
Schuyler, now a gray, venerable ruin, though occupied 
and in repair, stands between the city and Cherry hill : 
White hall, subject to the same remark, late the seat of 



304 Description of Albany County. 

Judge Gansevoort, is also in this town, though on the bor 
ders of the city. New-Scotland village, is about 8 miles, 
and the Bethlehem post office 6 miles from the city, at 
each of which places there are a few houses, hamlets 
rather than villages. Rensselaer's mills, noticed above, 
belong to the late Mayor of Albany, P. S. Van Rensse- 
laer, and consist of a very excellent grain mill, saw mill, 
plaster mill, a carding and clothier's works, and a snuff 
mill. They are on a good stream, near the city, and of 
great use to the inhabitants, mills in this quarter being 
rather scarce. The ride to this spot, and to the hospitable 
mansion of the late venerable Col. Francis Nichols, on 
the Bethlehem flats, used to be one of the pleasantest in 
the vicinity of Albany. In the limestone of this town, 
there have been discovered some extensive caverns, one 
of which has been explored for a quarter of a mile in 
length, and the other about 40 rods. The principal one 
is at Bogardus's, or Mrs. Ludlow's, 12 miles southwest 
from Albany, where people, fond of such excursions, may 
go a great distance underground, and see a long, dark, 
crooked, dirty, great hole, where the water once ran, 
perhaps see some toads, and bats, spiders, and so forth, 
get comfortably tired, dirty enough, and make a good 
escape in getting out of it. I have explored some of 
those wonderful caverns, and, excepting now and then a 
stalactite, have found nothing worth the trouble. A gen- 
tleman tells me he can perfectly recollect seeing a smart 
stream issue from one of these caves, some years since, 
and well remembers the time, though not the year, when 
it ceased to flow out of it, having probably found some 
other passage, underground. Professor Eaton, in his 
Geology, page 231, suggests the idea that these caverns 
have been formed by the action of water, in the mere 
fissures of lime-rock: there are caverns, however, which 
seem not to have had an origin of this sort, such as that 
in Anthony's nose, Canajoharie, and many others. The 
Overslagh, and Winne's bar, are 3 and 8 miles below the 
the city. Mills' island, immediately below Albany, in 
the Hudson, is principally in this town, partly in Albany. 
It is a rich body of alluvion, very productive, of great 



Description of Albany County. 305 

value, belonging to the manor of Rensselaerwyck. Popu- 
lation, 5114: 943 farmers, 4 traders, 97 mechanics; 23 
foreigners; 65 free blacks, 73 slaves: taxable property, 
$893,175; 22 schools, 9 months in 12; 982 electors; 31,706 
acres improved land; 5367 cattle, 2155 horses, 10,834 
sheep; 34,275 yards cloth; 8 grist miHs, 23 saw mills, 
two mills for grinding dye-stuffs, three fulling mills, five 
carding machines, 1 cotton and woolen factory, 1 dis- 
tillery. 

COEYMANS, a post township in the southeast corner 
of Albany county, on the west bank of the Hudson, 11 
miles south of Albany; bounded north by Bethlehem, east 
by the Hudson, south by Greene co., west by Westerlo. 
It is near 4 miles wide on the river, 6J on the west line, 
and about 9 miles long east and west. The surface is 
considerably broken, and some ridges of the Helderberg 
hills occupy the western part. The soil partakes of a 
liberal diversity, but has a good proportion of arable land. 
Along the Hudson, the surface is much broken, and the 
soil of little value, but assumes a better appearance and 
character as we go westward. Coeymans creek waters 
the northern part, and enters the Hudson in a small mill- 
stream near the southwest corner, where are falls and 
mills; the Haane krai, another small millstream courses 
the central part, and passes into Greene county, and the 
Kaatskill. This town has plenty of limestone, and some 
shell-marl that succeeds well on the sea-coast as a ma- 
nure. This town was settled at an early period by the 
Dutch, and received its name fron one of its early inhabit- 
ants, himself a proprietor. The land is principally held 
in fee, and tolerably well cultivated. There are 2 Dutch 
Reformed meeting-houses, 1 for Methodists, and 1 built by 
general subscription of all denominations, and 10 school- 
houses. There is a landing, with wharves and several 
sloops, at the mouth of Coeymans creek, where is 
Coeymans village, of about 30 houses, the post office, 2 
grain-mills of 5 running stones, and a saw mill. It is 14 
miles south of Albany. About 1 mile west of this, is a 
little, village of 12 houses, called the square, with a Dutch 



306 Description of Albany County. 

Reformed church. The old name of Hockatock, still 
occasionally heard, is of Indian, or Dutch origin, applied 
to a creek, and neighborhood along its borders, partly in 
this town and Westerlo, and perhaps in Greene county, 
the stream entering the Kaatskill,at the village of Madi- 
son, town of Catskill, Greene county. The Coeymans 
Friends' Meeting, is in New-Baltimore. The Indian 
Fields, another local designation, lie west of Hockatock, 
where there were Indian settlements, within the last 70 
or 80 years. Monattan hook, north of Hockatock and 
Indian Fields, is perhaps the last of the local names that 

1 need notice in this town. Population, 2872; 516 
farmers, 15 traders, &c., 123 mechanics; 14 foreigners; 
40 free blacks, 36 slaves; taxable property, $358'620; 15 
schools, 10 months in 12; 495 electors; 15,829 acres im- 
proved land; 2921 cattle, 805 horses, 4721 sheep; 22,313 
yards cloth; 4 grist mills, 12 saw mills, 3 fulling mills, 

2 carding machines, 2 asheries. 

GUILDERLANDT, a post township of Albany county, 12 
miles a little north of west from Albany. Its form is 
strangely distorted, being 15 miles greatest length, and 
about 6 greatest breadth: terminating in the east in an 
acute angle, and also in the west. Bounded north by 
Schenectady county, northeast by the charter bounds of 
Albany, an extent of 10 \ miles; south by Bethlehem, 
west by Knox; and its area may be 53 square miles. It 
is well watered by the Norman's kill and several branches, 
which supply mill seats. The general character of the 
land is but indifferent, and there is much of poor and 
barren sand, with tracts of marsh of little apparent 
value. There are also fine tracts of sandy loam, and 
many pretty good farms. In 1810, the whole population 
was 2466, including 66 slaves. The Cherry-valley turn- 
pike leads through Guilderlandt, and the other roads are 
too numerous to be good. The village of Hamilton, 
formerly the seat of an extensive manufactory of glass, is 
on the western turnpike, 8 miles west of Albany, and 
yet has some inns, stores, and a small number of houses, 
though it can hardly be called a village. The land is a 



Description of Albany County. 307 

light and very dry sand, but along the creek, below, 
there are some pretty good tracts of alluvion, and some 
handsome farms. Stop a little, reader, on this sandy 
plain, and let us look back at the ups and downs, and the 
changes we have witnessed, on this little spot. Dost 
thou remember the late Gen. Hamilton, and the Albany 
aristocracy, of which he used to be, in the days of his 
glory and our renown, the chief star, the sun of a little 
world? It was he who planned our village, and the glass 
works, and gave them being, while yet we imported all 
our ideas of manufactures, as we did our glass. He was 
a great man, great among the greatest: and while I think 
how he used to appear among us, an host in himself; and 
how that sun was torn from the firmament, with the train 
of events that have followed, I wonder at the rapidity of 
events, and of the inarch of time, and I must and will be 
sad! The greatest aggregates, are made up of small 
things; and this, to be sure, is a very small epitome of 
the ways of the world, in all its mutations and changes, 
a miniature of a portrait, yet well known and well remem- 
bered. Population, 2270; 310 farmers, 11 traders, 47 
mechanics; 1 foreigner; 24 free blacks, 47 slaves; taxable 
property, $358,525; 9 schools, 11 months in 12; 475 elec- 
tors, 14,736 acres improved land, 2633 cattle, 875 horses, 
5711 sheep; 13,532 yards of cloth; 1 grist mill, 8 saw 
mills. 

KNOX, a post township in the northwest corner of Al- 
bany county, 20 miles west of Albany; bounded north by 
Duanesburgh of Schenectady county, east by Guilderlandt, 
west by Schoharie county, south by Berne, being about 7 
miles in length north and south, 6 medial width. It was 
erected from the north part of Berne, Feb. 28, 1822, 
subsequent to the 2 late censuses, so that all I know of its 
population, is from the estimate of a well informed resi- 
dent correspondent, who computes it at 2500. This 
town occupies " the height of land between Albany and 
Schoharie, has no mountains, or high hills, the land all 
arable;" and my correspondent says, excepting this, that 
the former description of Berne will apply also to Knox. 



308 Description of Albany County. 

Union Village or Union-street, or Knox Village, on the 
road from Albany to Schoharie, 21 miles west of the 
former, and 14 from the Schoharie court-house, has 20 
houses, a Methodist and Presbyterian church, school 
house, the post-office, and some stores, shops, &c. The 
inhabitants are a mixture of Dutch and Anglo-American 
origin, and they have a library of about 400 volumes. 
There is one small mill-stream, which rises from 2 springs, 
and runs across this town and Berne, to Schoharie kill, 
large enough for mills a half mile below the springs. 
My correspondents say there are 8 saw mills in this town, 
and 1 grist m ill. This town is in the manor of Rensselaer- 
wyck, owned by Stephen Van Rensselaer. and farms pay 
an annual rent of 10 to 14 bushels of wheat per 100 acres. 

RKNSSELAERVILLE, a post township in the southwest 
of Albany county, 25 miles southwest of Albany ; bounded 
north by Berne, east by Westerlo, south by Greene 
county, west by Schoharie county. Its extent north and 
south is about 8^ miles, 8 east and west; giving an area of 
68 square miles. Its surface is considerably uneven, and in 
some parts broken by rugged hills that belong to the 
range of the Kaatsbergs. The valleys, however, are nu- 
merous and fertile, and the diversity of surface supplies 
a due admixture of arable, with meadow and pasture 
lands. The Kaatskill, or Catskill creek which enters the 
Hudson in Greene county, rises in the southeast corner 
of Schoharie county, and runs across the southwest cor- 
ner of this town, which is watered by numerous branches 
of that stream, and which supply abundance of mill seats. 
The turnpike roads are very numerous: The Albany and 
Delaware turnpike, Athens and Schoharie, and several 
branches, 5 or 6 in all, traverse some part of this town. 
Lands are principally held by leases from the proprietor 
of the manor of Rensselaerwyck. Graywacke, abounds 
in the hills and ridges. There is a small village, of the 
name of the town, though frequently called "the city," 
and there are one or two others also, but very inconsi- 
derable in population. The domestic economy of the in- 
habitants is rapidly improving, and this is seen in their 



Description of Albany County. 309 

agriculture, and in the vast increase of household manu- 
factures, which supply the most of the clothing. 

The village of Rensselaerville has rapidly increased in 
population and business, and demands a more ample 
notice. It is situated on Ten Mile creek, near its source, 
at the junction of the Albany and Delaware and Green- 
ville turnpike roads, 23 miles westsouthwest of Albany, 
in the northeast part of this town. It has about 50 
houses, 3 stores, 2 asheries, 3 grist and 2 saw mills, 4 
carding and clothiers' worRs, 5 tanneries, 3 of which are 
very extensive, 11 mechanics' shops, different trades, 2 
lawyers, and 1 physician; 3 churches, and a school house. 
The little stream on which it stands, is very durable, and 
unites with the Kaatskill, 10 miles below, driving the 
machinery of many mills, factories, &c., situated in its 
rich and beautiful valley. The post village of Preston 
hollow, is on the Athens and Cherry valley turnpike, 
two and a half miles west of the centre of this town, in 
the southwest corner, seven south west of Rensselaerville 
village, 30 from Albany, four from Durtham, 26 from 
Catskill. It has the Preston Hollow post office, 24 houses, 
a school house, stores, inns, several mills (on the Kaats- 
kill, 8 miles from its head), and 12 or 15 mechanics' shops. 
Pottersville, two miles west has a Friends' meeting house, 
10 or 12 houses, and a school house, some shops, and a 
sawmill. There are three or four houses for worship in 
this town, for Presbyterians, Baptists, Methodists and 
Friends, in the latter a monthly meeting: and there are 
18 school houses. Population, 3435: 727 farmers, 17 
traders, 145 mechanics; 5 foreigners; 10 free blacks, 14 
slaves; taxable property, $331,243; 18 schools, 9 months 
in 12; 627 electors, 22,465 acres improved land, 4000 
cattle, 1069 horses, 7089 sheep; 26,662 yards cloth; 6 
grist mills, 11 saw mills, 3 oil mills, 6 fulling mills, 6 
carding machines, 4 asheries. 

WATERVLIET, a very large post township in the north- 
east corner of Albany county, six miles north of Albany, 
(that is. to its centre), bounded north by Schenectady 
and Saratoga counties, or by the north line of the manor 

[Annals v.] 27 



310 Description of Albany County. 

of Rensselaerwyck, and the Mohawk river, east by Water- 
ford, Lansingburgh, Troy, and a part of Greenbush, or 
by the Mohawk and Hudson rivers, southerly by the city 
of Albany, and includes also the islands in the Hudson. 
It extends 10 miles along the Mohawk and lower sprout 
of that river, and six and a half along the Hudson, and 
has an area of about 53 square miles, exclusive of seve- 
ral islands in the Hudson. Much of the land is poor 
and barren, and the population is very unequally distri- 
buted. Along the Hudson are some fine flats, and in 
many places the river hills are of a moderate steepness, 
and present good farming lands. The interior has much 
of sandy ridges, and some marshes and wet land, wooded 
with pine, and a variety of dwarf shrubbery of little value. 
The road to Troy, and the north country, lies along the 
valley of the Hudson, on which there are two small vil- 
lages, in this town; Washington, five miles north of Al- 
bany, and Gibbonsville, opposite Troy, six miles. About 
three miles north of Gibbonsville, there is a bridge across 
the Mohawk, a short distance below the Cahoos Falls. 
The roads are numerous in the interior, but they are 
rather paths than highways. A turnpike has lately been 
opened, from Gibbonsville to Schenectady; which extends 
west through this town, and promises to be of considerable 
importance. The Cahoos, being the principal falls of the 
Mohawk, are between Watervliet and Waterford, of Sara- 
toga county. The whole waters of the Mohawk descend 
in one sheet, at high water, about 70 feet; and present a 
view as grand and majestic as it is wild and picturesque, 
when connected with the surrounding scenery. The 
islands, formed by the spreading branches below the falls, 
are also attached to this town. The Mohawk enters the 
Hudson in four branches or sprouts, as they are commonly 
called, the upper at Waterford, and the lower one opposite 
Troy, three and a quarter miles, in aright line, below. 
Haver island is about a half mile broad, and a little more 
than that in length east and west, lying between the first 
and second branches, immediately below Waterford. 
Van Schaick's island, next below, is between the second 
and third branches, opposite Lansingburgh, and extends 



Description of Albany County. 311 

one and three quarter miles in length, being a half mile 
broad. This is also called Cahoos island. The American 
army was stationed on this island, immediately before it 
advanced under General Gates, in 1777, to meet Burgoyne. 
And Haver island had a number of breast-works, thrown 
up at that time, which are still to be seen. It was intend- 
ed to attempt a stand here, as a last resort, against the 
British army, in the event of its getting by Gates and the 
northern army of Republicans, at Saratoga and Still water. 
These two islands are owned by a branch of the ancient 
family of Van Schaick. Green island, or Tibbits's island, 
lies between the third and fourth branches, opposite Troy, 
and is near two miles long, and a half mile wide. In the 
vicinity of the Cahoos, is a Dutch church and farming 
neighborhood, commonly called the Boght, from a little 
cove, or bay, boght in Dutch. Watervliet, is flood land, 
made or flowed by the water. The lands are principally 
held by lease from the proprietor of the manor of Rensse- 
laer. Considerable efforts have been made to discover 
coal, where supposed indications of that mineral are 
found, on the flats, back of" the village of Washington. 
But unfortunately these efforts are not yet attended with 
better success than those at Greenbush. The settlement 
of the people called Shakers, is in the northwest part of 
this town, eight miles northwest of Albany, six west of 
Troy, and eight and a half southeast of Schenectady. 
Their little community is gradually increasing in numbers 
and wealth, and they are, in truth, a very interesting and 
singular people. Moralists, philosophers and philan- 
thropists, might here study human nature, and observe 
the influence of social and religious institutions, to great 
advantage. Statesmen might learn something, and even 
religious fanatics, by a visit to this brotherhood and sister- 
hood of "Believers," who have all things in common. 
They have just published a sort of expose of their faith 
and doctrines, I2mo., 320 pages, to which the curious in 
such matters may turn for information. Their numbers 
at this place are about 200: and at New Lebanon, 5(X) to 
600, their only establishments in this state. The publi- 
cation above alluded to. makes their whole number about 



312 Description of Albany County. 

4000, in the states of New York. Massachusetts, Connec- 
ticut, New Hampshire, Maine, Ohio, Kentucky and Indi- 
ana, collected in 16 societies. They are ingenious me- 
chanics and artizans, good farmers and gardeners, very 
industrious, sober, moral, honest, peaceable members of 
society, and for aught I can discover, pious and sincere 
Christians. In alms giving, they are distinguished for libe- 
rality. 

Such, with some trifling alterations, and the addition 
of this rather long article about the United Society of 
Believers, or the Shakers, before inaccurate, was my des- 
cription of Watervliet, in 1813, in the first edition of this 
work. Since that time, there have been great changes 
in this town, now to be noticed. The little town of 
Colonie, has been abolished by act of the Legislature, of 
Feb. 25, 1815, the south and principal part annexed to 
Albany, formimr the fifth ward of that city and the remain- 
der to Watervliet. The Erie canal enters this town, 
from Saratoga county, on crossing the Mohawk at the 
lower aqueduct, winds along the margin of that river, by 
the Cahoos falls, thence turns southerly, and receives 
the Champlain canal at Juncta, two and a quarter miles 
above Gibbonsville, whence their commingled waters flow 
in one canal, across this town, to Albany. Its course is 
along the river flats, through Gibbonsville, Washington, 
and by the mansion of Gen. Van Rensselaer, 13 miles in 
this town, having 19 locks, 165 feet descent; the side cut, 
opposite Troy, has two locks, and 22 feet descent; and 
the Champlain canal is also in this town, from its crossing 
the Mohawk to its junction, about three quarters of a 
mile, making in all a greater aggregate of works than in 
any other town in the state. The Aqueduct over the 
Mohawk is 1 188 feet in length, resting on 26 piers. There 
are several basins, as at Juncta, and two at Gibbonsville. 
The village of Gibbonsville, is situated on the west bank 
of the Hudson, opposite Troy, six miles north of Albany, 
and has the Watervliet post office. It is incorporated as 
a village, has 52 houses, shops and stores, Hanks's bell 
and cannon foundry, and manufactory of town clocks and 
surveyors' instruments, a manufactory of paper moulds, 



Description of Albany CoMy, 313 : 

the United States' Arsenal and depot, at Watervliet, and 
two basins on the canal. It is a busy little place, and 
having the canal, good docking ground on the Hudson, 
the side cut and locks to Troy, with important advan- 
tages for a large basin on the margin of the river, bids 
fair to grow pretty rapidly. It has a Dutch Reformed 
church, and a school house, and a turnpike to Schenec- 
tady, little used, a heavy road across the sand plains. 
Gibbonsville is connected with Troy by two horse ferry 
boats, on Langdon's improved construction, which ought 
to be every where known to the public. Washington 
village, a half mile below Gibbonsville, has about 40 
houses, the Albany road and canal. 

The United States' Arsenal, at Watervliet, is in this 
town, on the Hudson, the canal, and the road to Troy, 
five and a half miles above Albany, in the south part of 
Gibbonsville, a half mile below, opposite Troy. It is de- 
signed to be the principal depot for military stores, arms 
and equipments, in the northern states, and is now one 
of the largest in the United States. The buildings pre- 
sent a long front on the river, and consist of a brick 
Arsenal, 35 by 120 feet, three and a half stories in height; 
two brick houses for officers' quaiters; one brick build- 
ing 25 by 98 feet, three stories, for quarters for me- 
chanics and soldiers; two brick buildings, each 22 by 136 
feet, for mechanics' shops; two brick buildings each one 
and a half story, 45 by 183 feet, for military carriages 
and equipments ; a brick magazine for powder and ammu- 
nition, 60 by 19 feet, surrounded by a brick wall 14 feet 
high, 264 feet perimeter; a stone magazine, 87 by 21 feet 
surrounded by a wall 330 feet perimeter, 14 feet high; a 
wooden building, 40 by 22 feet, two stories, for a labo- 
ratory; and a stable and forage house. It has, also, a 
dock in front, on the Hudson, and sundry small offices 
and out houses, the whole in a handsome style of architec- 
ture, neatly painted, and in very fine order. The depot 
has some handsome gravel walks, shaded by rows of the 
American elm tree, and extensive gardens. The shops 
are all well supplied with every necessary article in their 
line, and the stores of every kind appear to be in the very 



314 Description of Albany County. 

best state of preservation and order. The public property 
is probably little short of a million of dollars in value. 
This depot enjoys such commanding advantages of geo- 
graphical position, that it will probably be one of the 
principal ones in this line, and be extended to a scale of 
magnitude proportioned to the national resources, and 
the supposed wants of warlike preparation. The Erie 
canal, runs through the depot, between the front and rear 
buildings, over which is a bridge. This establishment 
was located in 1813, and commenced in 1814, under the 
direction of Col. Bomford, of the ordnance department ; 
but it has been, for some years, under the direction of 
Maj. Daliba, an officer of the same department, who has 
matured its details into an excellent system of economy 
and police. The United States Arsenal at Rome, is con- 
sidered a branch of the ordnance department, subordinate 
to this. There is a small stream in the southeast cor- 
ner of this town, Mill creek, which puts into the Hudson 
just above the present north bounds of Albany, on which 
are Caldwell's factory, and the Patroon's mills; and there 
are a few other very small mill streams. There are 
some very excellent farms, on the flats, to which belong 
some very rich islands in the Hudson, below Gibbonsville, 
as Schuyler's and Hillhouse's; and this road has its half- 
way house, a noted inn, four miles from Albany, and two 
miles from Troy, where every body stops, in passing, if 
but to stop. 

The mansion of Major-General Stephen Van Rensse- 
laer, proprietor of Rensselaerwyck, is in the southeast 
part of this town, on the Albany and Troy road and the 
Erie canal, one mile from the Capitol. It stands on the 
alluvial flats of the Hudson, here very broad, near the 
foot of the river hill, on the north side of the Mill creek, 
at the head of the broad avenue from the city, North Mar- 
ket or Colonie street, a quarter of a mile north of the 
place where the Erie canal unites with the Hudson. 
The situation is rather low, to be elegant or command- 
ing, the land having but a very gentle slope toward the 
river, but the mansion is showy enough for the taste of 
its proprietor, a good substantial brick edifice, two stories 



Description of Albany County. 315 

and a basement, amply shaded by trees and shrubbery in 
its capacious court yard, bordered on the east by a very 
extensive- and excellent garden, replete with every con- 
venience and every luxury. Attached to it, on the south 
is a good old fashioned brick office, where his thousands 
of tenants transact their buisness, pay their annual rents 
and fealties, and meet with as much favor and kindness 
as the weak ever experience from the strong, the poor 
from the rich, the tenant from the landlord. He is a 
man of most ample resources rich enough of singular 
beneficence and kindness, humane and charitable to the 
poor, liberal in liberal schemes for the public-good, a 
patron indeed, whom in compliment to his merits, and 
according to the Dutch idiom, every body calls The 
Patroon. In this passing note it may not be amiss to 
say, that the successful progress of the canal policy of 
this state, the grand system of internal, artificial navi- 
gation, so triumphantly honorable to the councils and 
the people of New York, is, in no small degree, ascribable 
to the foresight, the personal influence and application, 
of Stephen Van Rensselaer, who, from the first, has been 
one of the canal commissioners. 

The dam, across the Hudson, from the upper end of 
Troy, a part of the works and the plan connected with 
the Champlain canal, has its west end resting on Green 
Island, which is, of course, in this town, as is the south 
end of the dam, across the Mohawk from Waterford, 
through the pond raised by which, the Champlain canal 
crosses that stream. When the whole of these works 
shall be completed, and the navigation of both canals 
shall be in activity, more of their importance may be 
conceived, and a more enlarged idea of their stupendous 
magnitude and grandeur of conception and design, may 
be gained in this town and its immediate vicinity, than 
any where else on the whole line. Strangers, visiting 
our canals, wishing to see the most in the- shortest spate 
of time and distance, may well direct their attention to 
Watervliet. I have, perhaps rather whimsically, named 
the new town, which the proprietors mean to have, at 
the place where the Erie canal receives the Champlain 



316 Description of Albany County. 

canal, Juncta: but if they make a town, or village there, 
I may at least make a name for it, until they give it 
one. It is a pretty spot ; and, if they give it water power 
and hydraulic works, there will soon collect about it 
people enough to make a handsome little village. Covell 
rock, on the west shore of the Hudson, at Gibbonsville, 
once an island, is a muss of silicious slate stone, such as 
the bluff, at Hudson. 

Population, 2806: 453 farmers, 22 traders, &c., 188 me- 
chanics; 29 foreigners; 49 free blacks, 96 slaves; taxable 
property, $711,900; eleven schools, eight months in* 12; 
666 electors; 17,530 acres improved land, 2649 cat- 
tle, 813 horses, 3846 sheep, 15,272 yards cloth; 7 grist 
mills, 8 saw mills, 1 oil mill, 2 fulling mills, 5 carding ma- 
chines, and 1 cotton factory, the latter on the Mohawk, 
near the Cahoos bridge ; to which may be added, 1 tobacco 
factory, formerly owned by James Caldwell, of Albany, 2 
plaster mills, and a paper mill. The cotton factory is in 
a stone building, near the Cahoos bridge and the ruins 
of the screw factory, noticed in the first edition of this 
work. It is owned principally in Lansingburgh, and 
stands on the east bank of the lower sprout of the Mohawk, 
between that and the Champlain canal, Prescott's factory, 

NESTIGIONE PATENT, is now in the southeast corner 
of Halfmoon, at Clifton park, and was granted in 1708, 
to seven Dutchmen, of whom one was Johannes Fort. 
This name, and Connestigione, another old patent, grant- 
ed in 1697, to Peter Hendrix De Haas, are the origin of 
Niskayuna, the name of a township, and of an extensive 
tract on both sides of the Mohawk, still in use among 
the old fashioned Dutch and their descendants. The 
latter was south of the Cahoos falls, and probably with- 
in the present township of Watervliet. 

WESTERLO, a post township of Albany county, twenty, 
one miles southwest of Albany, bounded north by Berne 
and Bethlehem, east by Coeymans, south by Greene 
county, west by Rensselaerville. It is nearly eight miles 
square, and was erected March 16, 1815, from the east 



Description of Albany County. 317 

part of Rensselaerville, and the west of Coeymans. The 
west part of this town, taken from Rensselaerville, is in 
the manor of Rensselaerwyck, the lands held by durable 
leases, paying an annual rent, the east part is in the 
Goeymans patent. It is a tolerably good farming town- 
ship, in part traversed by moderate ridges, north and 
south, a half to three quarters of a mile asunder, having 
vales of good arable, meadow, and pasture lands, inter- 
vening, with tracts of flat, low lands, very nutural to 
grass; timber, beech, mapfe, hemlock, with a mixture of 
basswood, white ash, and elm, the latter on the flat-, and 
the sides and slopes of the hills. The settlements on 
these lands commenced about 1759, around the low lands, 
named by the Indians Basic, low wet lands, but did not 
increase very rapidly until the Yankees poured in about 
1794. The present inhabitants are of a mixed origin, 
Yankees, Dutch. German, c., an industrious, hard work- 
ing people. The soil of the valleys is rather mucky, a 
dark mold, resting on hard pan, but the country is well 
suppled with springs and brooks pretty well elevated, 
and is considered very healthy. There are plenty of 
stone, for field wall, the use of which is every where a 
good criterion by which to appreciate the state of husban- 
dry and agriculture. There are four turnpikes, and 
several other roads. Its streams are small, the heads of 
Hockatock, Basic, and Lamoiireux creeks, branches of 
the Kaatskill, yet such as to supply mills. There are 4 
houses for public worship, 1 for Friends, 1 for Baptists, 
and two for Presbyterians; and 16 schoolhouses. Popu- 
lation, 3458: 708 farmers, 7 traders, 125 mechanics; 3 
foreigners; 9 free blacks, 8 slaves; tax ble property. $307, 
334; 19 schools, 10 months in 12; 662 electors, 25,167 
acres improved land, 4633 cattle, 812 horses, 8622 sheep; 
37.523 yards cloth; 4 grist mills, 7 saw mills, 1 fulling 
mill, 2 carding machines, 1 distillery, 2 asheries. 



(318) 



ANNALS OF THE YEAR 1853. 



JANUARY. 

1. 'Mild and rainy; the river still open, and merchants 
busy shipping goods, the New York boats continuing to 
make their accustomed trips Horatio Seymour in- 
augurated governor of the state of New York at the 
Capitol, by the secretary of state; the ex-governor. Hunt, 
being present on the occasion; also the state officers, the 
judges of the court of appeals, the military, and the 
governor of Connecticut. A national salute was fired on 

the occasion John J. Voorhees, formerly of Albany, 

died at Newport, Herk. co., aged 83. 

3. Charles L. Ryno died, aged 24. 

4. The state legislature met at the Capitol ; William 
II. Ludlow, democrat, of Suffolk county, elected speaker 

by 85 votes of the 128 cast The river became 

choked with ice near Castleton, so that further attempts 
to keep open the channel for boats was abandoned ; it 
being no longer profitable for the owners of the river 
boats to keep the navigation open at great expense, as 
they were accustomed to do before the Hudson River Rail 

Road was completed Mrs. Francis B. Noble died, 

aged 17. 

6. A clerk in the employ of Jeremiah Waterman in 
Washington street, robbed the store and mutilated him- 
self to make it appear that he had been maltreated 

John J. Cole, Esq., accidentally shot in the arm by the 

discharge of a pistol J. H. Lyrnan, formerly of 

Albany, died at Missouri bar, South fork of American 
river, of apoplexy. 

7. The ferry boats had some difficulty in opening a 
communication with the opposite shore of the river in 
the morning, owing to the strength of the ice that had 



Annals of 1853. 319 

formed during the night. A man who attempted to cross 
on the ice broke through, but escaped by the help of a 

board which he carried with him for safety Mrs. 

Margaret, wife of Henry L. Jewell, died, aged 43. 

8. Hudson river free of ice to Albany David 

Holt, formerly of A Ibany, died at Janes ville, Wis., aged 74. 

9. John E. Thomas died, aged 46. 

10. Two fires in the evening, neither of which were 

very destructive Ann, wife of Henry McKnight, 

died, aged 30 Mary 3Vnn Chapman died, aged 39. 

11. A row at the Green Street Theatre. One of the 
police stabbed with a bayonet, by a person who had ob- 
tained an entrance, with a dozen others, for the purpose 
of taking possession of the premises in the name of Mr. 

Preston An excursion to West Troy was made over 

the Albany and Northern Rail Road, by a party of stock- 
holders and invited guests , Three alarms of fire in 

the afternoon and evening. In neither case was much 
damage done-. 

13. First of winter, snow enough having fallen to make 
the sleighing good. In every direction the rail roads were 
obstructed by drifts of snow, and the mails were detained 

twenty-four hours beyond their time Hiram Bender 

died, aged 27 Mrs. Hannah, widow of the late 

Thomas Garrison, died, aged 68 Caroline, wife of 

Basil Watson, died at Buffalo, formerly of Albany. 

14. Mrs. Mary Ann Ferry died. 

15. The Maiden lane ferry was closed, but the boat at 

the south ferry continued to make regular trips 

Lemuel Eaton died, aged 74. 

17. Mr. Taber presented a petition to the senate of 
citizens of Albany county, for a division of the county. 

The printers celebrated the Birthday of Franklin 

by a ball at Van Vechten Hall Timothy Sullivan 

died, aged 53. 

18. The ice had now become strong enough to bear 

teams again at the ferries Convention of the New 

York State Temperance Society; grand demonstration of 

delegations Mrs. Delehanty died, aged 34 

William McCornell died, aged 19 Eliza Brown died, 



320 Annals of 1853. 

aged 20 Richard J. Johnson died, aged 35. 

Jeanette McDougall died, aged 23. 

19. A fire damaged the old Dutch building, corner of 
South Pearl and Division streets, known as the Dundee 
Warehouse since Alexander Sampson, a Scotchman, 
opened a dry goods store in it a few years ago. For a 
long time this was the southernmost house in that street. 
. . . .Temperance meetings at the churches in the evening 

drew great crowds Mary A., wife of H. S. Allen, 

formerly of Albany, died at Whitehall. 

21. A delegation of the Women's State Temperance 
Convention was permitted to enter the Assembly chamber 
for the purpose of presenting memorials signed by 28,000 

persons, for the abolition of the sale of liquors A 

penny-post sentenced to ten years and four months im- 
prisonment upon conviction of purloining letters. 

22. Mrs. Jane Chadderdon died, aged 24 Jane 

E., wife of John Morrison, died. 

23. Elizabeth, wife of H. G. Carpenter, died, aged 31. 

Anthony Bradwill died, aged 46 Maria, wife of D. 

V. N. Radcliffe, died, aged 41 Jacob Shew, a revo- 
lutionary pensioner, died, aged 90. 

24. Fire in the Dutch building of J. L. Slaats, corner 
State and Pearl streets, which destroyed the contents of 
two dry goods stores, without damaging the building very 

materially Mrs. Roxana Wright died, aged 60 

Mary, widow of the late Charles McDole, died, aged 58. 
, Ellen Jane Johnston died, aged 18. 

25. Ellen, wife of Wm. Brooksby, died, aged 37. 

26. There was a meeting of citizens and strangers at 
the Capitol to discuss the project of a National Univer- 
sity. Dr. Beck was called to preside, and the Rev. Dr* 
Kennedy officiated as secretary. 

27. Mary E. Pruyn died, aged 20. 

28. A fire in Church street destoyed the stock of a 
cabinet maker. 

29. Anna Maria Saltus, wife of Lansing Pruyn, died. 

30. Margaret Dermody died, aged 40 Philip 

Henry died, aged 78 Henry W. Sackett died at 

Northampton, Mass., aged 24; late of Albany. 



Annals of 1853. 321 

31. At a meeting of the common council L. R. Brock 
way was appointed keeper of the Alms House, in place 

of Mr. Halliday, resigned James Barisford, died. 

Elizabeth C. McKown died, aged 16 Christ- 

ian Pfau died, aged 43. 

FEBRUARY. 

1. A new penny evening daily paper called Evening 
Transcript, was first published by CUYLER & HENLY, 
being the seventh daily paper printed at this time in the 

city George Vance died, aged 76 Mary, wife 

of James New, died, aged 25 Mary D., wife of 

Benjamin Reed, died. 

3. The survivors of the campaign of 1812 residing in 
New York, reached this city by the rail road, and marched 
through the streets under Col. Haight, escorted by the 
Republican Artillery. They numbered about a hundred. 
Nabby Frisby died, aged 81. 

4. The surviving soldiers of the war of 1812 were 
joined by thirty-eight of their companions belonging to 
Albany, and escorted by the Republican Artillery marched 
to the Capitol, where they were addressed by the gov- 
ernor. At 3 o'clock in the afternoon they returned to 

New York.-, Philander Waters died, aged 43 

Capt. N. Page died, aged 75. 

6. The river rose to the top of the pier, and carried 

away the ice in front of the city Pairpont Page 

died, aged 49. 

7. The water higher in the river than at any time since 

the great freshet of 1843 Mrs. Lydia Watson died, 

aged 80. 

8. The Green Street Theatre sold for $6,975, under the 

sheriffs hammer John Sayles died, aged 42 

John McCrean died, aged 58. 

9. The ice blocked up in the current of the river below 
the city, and the stores on the pier and dock still filled 
with water. 

10. The river filled with floating ice, but the water had 
subsided so that the merchants began to take possession 

[Annals, v.] 28 



322 Annals of 1853. 

of their stores again, and commence the process of cleans- 
ing. 

12. A fire partially destroyed the leather manufactory 
of H. Newman in Water street. 

13. Mary Mather, a teacher in the Albany Female 
Academy, died in the city of New York. 

14. Catharine Dee died, aged 30 Michael Me- 

Cormick died, aged 33 Reuben Bunn died, aged 56. 

Eliza Ann, wife of Col. J. L. Shew, died, aged 36. 

15. Abraham H. McKown died, aged 32. 

16. Four petitions were presented to the Legislature for 
the division of Albany county Ferry boats still run- 
ning; ice stationary at Troy, but floating here The 

publishing room of Virtue & Co. was forcibly entered at 

night and robbed Lillia R., wife of Andrew White, 

died, aged 45 William S. Willey died, aged 22. 

17. Harriet Kirk died, aged 49. 

18. (?) Petitions presented to the Legislature by Mr. 
Forsyth for the establishment at Albany of a House of 
Refuge. 

20. Alexander K. Dunbar died, aged 42. 

21. Joseph Neely, Jr., died, aged 21 John R. 

Taylor died, aged 32. 

22. The birthday of Washington celebrated with mare 
than usual enthusiasm. The military joined in the pro- 
ceedings. The procession marched through the streets to 
the Capitol, where the exercises consisted of a prayer by 
the Rev. Mr. Jeffrey, an address by the Hon. John C. 
Mather, and the reading of the farewell address byJ. C. 
Cuyler. In the evening the Albany Burgesses Corps gave 

a splendid ball Mrs. Harriet Sheppard, wife of 

William Smith, died Mary Ann, wife of David H. 

Thomas, died, aged 18 Rensselaer Wilbur, died, 

aged 43. 

23. Amy, wife of Philo A. Hackley, died, aged 57. ... 
Mehitabel, wife of Abijah Hall, died. 

24. John A. Tate died, aged 45. 

28. Stephen B. Joice died, aged 28 Patrick Car- 
ney died, aged 28 George Dummer died at Jersey 

City, aged 71; formerly a merchant of this city, of the 
firm of Webb & Dummer. 



Annals of 1853. 323 



MARCH. 

I. A young man named Clark arrested for counterfeit- 
ing bank notes Philetus A. Cummings, died, aged 

28 Thomas S. McEntee died Lydia, wife of 

Christopher Adams, died, aged 40. 

4. John Collins died, aged 25 

5. Julius Henley died, aged 33. 

6. Robert Shepherd died, aged 73. He was the senior 
partner of the firm of Shepherd & Boyd, jewelers, sub- 
sequently Boyd & Mulford, and now Mulfo;d & Wendell. 
He was one of the original directors of the Mechanics' 
and Farmers' Bank, which office he held at the time of 
his death. 

7. James Dempsey died, aged 35 Jos. McCardel 

died, aged 22. 

8. Lydia A. Stockton died, aged 58. ...'. .Eunice E. 

Tallmadge died Deriah Coonbeeck died, aged 22. 

George W. Meech, late of Albany, died at Buffalo, 

aged 20. 

9. The ice moved off in the evening and left the river 

clear again in front of the city Mary H., wife of 

John S. Nafew, died, aged 36 David Sharp died, 

aged 51. 

10. Mary Ann Finnegan died, aged 25. 

II. An alarm of fire caused by the accidental burning 
of an unfinished house on Arbor Hill; damage slight. 

12. The school commissioners having caused the annual 
census to be taken, it was found that there were about 
17.000 between four and twenty-one years of age. The 
public schools were capable of accommodating 3000, but 
perhaps twice that number attended schools during some 
portion of the year. The amount annually expended for 
public instruction varied from $12,000 to $17,000. 

13. William Booth died, aged 25. 

14. A fire early in the morning damaged a grocery, 
corner of Church and John streets. Another fire at 
night destroyed the building No. 78 State street, formerly 
known as Lewis's Tavern, but modernized and occupied 



324 Annals of 1853. 

by a Chinese as a tea store, in which the fire took. Not- 
withstanding the heat of the fire, the weather was so cold 
that large banks of ice formed from the spray of the water 
thrown from the hose of the fire companies. 

15. Isaac Fondey died, aged 67. 

16. Andrew McElroy died, aged 25. 

17. The Catholics and friends of Ireland celebrated 
the anniversary of St. Patrick the former by services 
and concert at the Cathedral, and the latter by a supper, 
in the evening, at the Mansion House. We were formerly 
apprised of St. Patrick's anniversary by seeing his effigy 
suspended upon a tree, but how great the change; the 
highest honor is paid to his memory by his countrymen 
in America Samuel Deyermand died, aged 19. 

18. Abram J. Lagrange died, aged 33 Mrs. Mary 

A. Sinclair died, aged 22 Chas. Welch, died, aged 51. 

21. The obstructions in the river a few miles below 
the city having given way to the current, a stearn tug ar- 
rived with its convoy, and in the evening the Oregon came 
into her berth at the landing. The river had been closed 

since the 4th January, 76 days .Mrs. Margaret 

McEntee, died, aged 70. 

22. A fire in Broadway destroyed the stock of a lamp 

store Ellen Wall died, aged 22 Daniel Duff 

died, aged 26. 

23. The bill for consolidating the various lines of rail 
roads between Albany and Buffalo passed by the house of 

assembly .Mrs. Miranda Gill died, aged 46 

Mrs. Alida Ewing died, aged 28 Robert F. Slack, 

formerly of Albany, died at Weston, Mass. 

24. The dry goods store No. 58 State street was entered 
by burglars and robbed of silk goods to the amount of 

about $2000 The last rail of the Northern Rail Road, 

connecting this city with Cohoes, was laid. The comple- 
tion of the bridge over the Mohawk was the only thing 
preventing the commencement of business The Se- 
nate passed the bill for the construction of a ship canal 

from Albany to New Baltimore Jacob Smith died, 

aged 60. 

25. Henry Todd died, aged 44. 



Annals of 1853. 325 

26. The premises of James Kelley in James street were 
entered by burglars at night, and robbed. 

28. The Green Street Theatre, which had been closed 
several months, was opened by Mr. Edmund S. Connor, 
the new lessee, considerably improved in its internal ar- 
rangements, its finances, and its management. 

29. G. F. H. Lincoln died, aged 36 Mrs. Eliza 

A. Jackson died, aged 31. 

30. The prices of country produce were at this time as 
follows: Maple sugar, 12*Jc. ; Ham, 14c.; Pork in quar- 
ters, 9a lOc. per Ib. ; Beef, 5a7c. per Ib. per 100 do. ; Mutton 
and Lamb. 7o9c. do.; Veal, 4a9c. do.; Turkeys and 
Chickens were scarce, and taken quickly at I4al6c. per Ib. 
Potatoes are plenty, at 25a44c. per bu. Apples, $l'50a 
2-25 per bbl. Butter selling at 14al8c. per Ib., but the 
latter figure only obtained for choice lots. Inferior and 
ordinary parcels dull and drooping. Eggs commanded 
16al7c. per doz. Buckwheat Flour, $1*3701 '50 per 100 
Ibs. Peas, 87c.a$l per bu. Beans, 75c.a$l'63 do. Oats, 
46047Jc. Rye, 89a90c. Corn., 66c., and dull. Barley, 

62a65c., and dull. Flax Seed, $1- 1201*25 Robert 

Cameron died, aged 33 Mary Pohlman died. 

31. The house corner of Hudson and High streets was 

robbed, and a store in Washington street Mrs. 

Dency F. Rice died, aged 29. 

APRIL. 

1. The Bank of the Capitol went into operation 

L. B. Tarbox, assistant librarian of the house of assembly, 
convicted of an attempt to bribe a member, was sen- 
tenced to dismissal from office and confinement in the 

county jail during the session Samuel Boyd died, 

aged 86. 

2. Lawrence L. Van Kleeck died in New York of apo- 
plexy. He was a native of Albany, and was county clerk 
here for several years. 

5. Charles W. Gill died, aged 47. 

6. Aletta Groesbeck died, aged 76. 

7. The Merchants' Bank commenced business at their 



326 Annals of 1853. 

banking house, 59 State street Mrs. Ann Dunn died, 

aged 60. . . . Andrew Davison (Med, aged 53. 

8. Mrs. Mary Groat died, aged 63 Daniel Barrett 

died, aged 68. 

9. An experimental trip was made on the Albany 

Northern Rail Road as far as Cohoes Daniel Riley, 

aged 45. fell dead in the street. 

10. Several burglaries were committed on Saturday 
night and Sunday morning, in all which the booty was 
very small. 

11. The trains on the Albany Northern Rail Road com- 
menced their regular trips to Cohoes Mrs. Catharine 

Walsh died, aged 54. 

12. Michael Kerwin died, aged 30 Frederick 

Porter fell dead in the street, aged 56 Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Van Deusen died John McHench died. 

13. Legislature adjourned sine die at 4 o'clock in the 
afternoon, to avoid action in the impeachment of canal 
commissioner Mather. The governor immediately issued 
a proclamation convening both houses to meet next day 
at 10 in the morning. 

14. An alarm of fire in the morning proceeded from a 
bonnet bleachery in James street ; damage about $300. 

A meeting was held at the State Agricultural 

Rooms for the purpose of organizing the Albany County 
Agricultural Society. A constitution was adopted, and 
the following officers elected: President Jas. W. Jolley, 
Coeymans. Vice Presidents Dr. Herman Wendell, Al- 
bany; A. J. Deitz, Berne; James Blodgett, Coeymans; 
Elias Milbanks, Bethlehem: Christopher Batterman, 
Guilderland; Prentice Williams, Knox; David Calanan, 
New Scotland; Levi Shaw, Rensselaerville; D. D. T. 
Moore, Watervliet; Isaac D. Verplank, Westerlo. Sec- 
retary Joseph Warren, Albany. Treasurer E. E. 

Platt, Albany Legislature reasssmbled and adopted 

a resolution to take a recess -till the 18th May, in which 

the senate concurred on the following day Henry 

Simmons died, aged 32. 

16. The grand jury found indictments against John 
Hendrickson, Jr., for poisoning his wife, and Barney 



"Annals of 1853. 327 

Leddy, for beating his wife to death The Cohoes fac- 
tories were closed in order to afford the female operatives 
an opportunity to visit Albany by the new rail road, 

which they availed themselves of in great numbers 

The Legislature adjourned to the 24th May Samuel 

Brownlee, late of this city, died in New York, aged 49. 
Mrs. Jane Strong died, aged 72. 

17. R. H. Pitman's Exchange office was broken into by 

burglars, and robbed of money and lottery tickets 

Mrs. Catharine Egan diecf, aged 23. 

18. Two junk shop dealers were sentenced to the peni- 
tentiary for receiving stolen property. They were both 

old men who had sustained good characters Thos. 

McMullen died, aged 43; a respectable merchant, who 
filled several public offices with credit to himself and ad- 
vantage to his constituents Harriet, wife of Stephen 

L. Wilson, late of Albany, died at Hornellsvillc, Stcuben 
county. 

19. Mrs. Mary Boughton, wife of Daniel Boughton, 
died, aged 28 Mrs. Julia Delahanty died. 

20. Dr. Lewis C. Beck, died, aged 55; professor of 
chemistry and natural history in Rutgers College, and of 
chemistry in the Albany Medical College. He was en- 
gaged in several scientific enterprises of this state and 
city, among which were the preparation of a port Ion of 
the Natural History of the State, and the foundation of 
the Albany Institute. 

21. Samuel Trowbridge died, aged 75. 

22. The Eric Canal opened, and. as usual, attended 

with a great rush of business Jacob I. Weaver died, 

aged 37 Mrs. Elizabeth McAnecny died Jas. 

M. Wemplo, formerly of Albany, died at Troy, aged 53. 

24. A fire about 12 o'clock at night destroyed a lumber 

office at the north part of the city Mrs. Catharine 

Cuyl-.T, wife of Teunis Van Vechten, died, aged 64 

Mrs. Sarah Ann Corrigan died, aged 47 John C. 

Sherwood drowned, aged 34. 

25. A fire about two o'clock in the morning destroyed 
several wooden tenements in the lower part of Green st. 

26. Patrick Kieley died, aged 44. 



328 Annals of 1853. 

27. Two stables in different streets were fired by in- 
cendiaries before ten o'clock in the evening. 

28. Two dwellings in Beaver street were burned early 

in the morning Archibald Smith died, aged 73 

Mrs. Cornelia Decker died, aged 27. 

29. A cabinetmaker's shop in the Hudson street hollow 
was burnt early in the morning ; probably fired by an in- 
cendiary Mrs. Sarah Ann Sickles, wife of Israel 

Mosher, died George Carr died, aged 52. 



MAY. 

1 . An alarm of fire occasioned by a dense smoke pass- 
ing over the city driven by a strong wind. It was found 
to proceed from a quantity of brush several miles out of 
town, which had been fired by two boys, and which ex- 
tended more than six miles before it was arrested; having 
burnt a house and barn, and several hundred cords of 

chopped wood in its progress Rev. W. H. Halloway 

preached his farewell sermon at the Ferry Street R. P. 
Dutch Church; being about to remove to Williamsburgh. 

Abram J. Griffin died in New York, aged 27 

Andrew Hill died, aged 50. 

2. The body of William Schuyler, who disappeared 
mysteriously on the 23d December last, in New York, 
was found in the East River, where he had a steam boat 
office; his remains were brought to Albany for interment. 
Angeline Bell, died, aged 62. 

4. Thomas Clark died, aged 43 Mrs. Wm. Bur- 
nett, of Cincinnati, died ; formerly Miss Anna Van Valk- 
enburgh, of Albany. 

5. Mrs. Ann Moss died, aged 53 Mrs. Alvina 

Stanford died. 

6. Christopher Hallenbeck died, aged 27. 

7. Albany Northern Rail Road opened to Waterford. 

8. John Marvin died, aged 81. 

9. Mary McLoughlin died, aged 21. 
11. Mrs. Kirby died, aged 77. 

13. Mary H. Chestney, wife of John H. Ingmire, died, 
aged 27. 



Annals of 1853. 329 

14. The grand jury indicted the Columbia street bridge 
as a nuisance. The indictments were found against the 
common council, the Canal commissioners and the Pier 
company. There being a dispute about the ownership 
of the bridge, this method was taken to ascertain its pro- 
per owner Mrs. Bridget Murray died, aged 95. 

15. Henry Nichols died, aged 42. 

17. The body of a female about 40 years of age was 
found drowned in the creek behind the island below the 

city The anniversary of the American and Foreign 

Bible Society commenced at the Pearl Street Baptist 
Church. 

18. Mrs. Cynthia, wife of Philip A. Mayer, died, aged 
35 .... Robert Clamson died, aged 24. 

21. Dr. David Martin, late of Albany, died at Argyle, 
Wash, co., aged 53. 

22. Charlotte, wife of James Cain, died, aged 31 

Capt. John Bogart died, aged 92. 

This venerable citi/en has been identified with the commerce 
of this city, and of the river, at a period so early, as to make him, 
at his decease, the oldest mariner of the Hudson. He was in 
command of a vessel in the year 1776, and while in charge, was 
sent as a flag of truce to convey the lady of one of tlie promi- 
nent general officers of the Hessians to the city of New York, 
which was in the occupancy of the British forces. He conti- 
nued in service on the river for a great number of years, and in 
every department of his business, indicated capacity and energy. 

Born in 1761, lie was of an age during the incidents of the 
Revolution to lie identified with them; and he was one of the 
crowd who gathered around Mr. Visscher, the city clerk, at the 
memorable occasion when, for the first time, the Declaration of 
Independence was read to the citizens of Albany by that officer. 
This took place in what is now Broadway, about forty feet north 
of Hudson street. 

Mr. Bogart was the chosen and intimate friend of General 
Schuyler, and of tlm leading men of this region, during the 
period of and immediately succeeding the Revolution ; and be 
shared the respect and warm friendship of the Old Patroon, 
during their mutual life. 

At an age beyond that which most mm attain, while superin- 
tending, as one of the elders of the North Dutch church, its 
repairs, tin- gallery between the steeples (ailing, be suffered n 
fracture of the limb, which prevented him from the constant and 



330 Anmls of 1853. 

vigorous exercise to which he had heen accustomed, and the 
want of which, he often pleasantly remarked, was the chief 
reason why he could not live to he an old man! 

Against ali these hindrances, the strength of his constitution 
prevailed, and he lived to attain the great age of ninety-two. 

The only surviver of our aged citizens, he passes away, in 
the pleasant memories of a kind old age of years far prolonged, 
luit not dimming the sound good sense the distinct principle, 
and the refined courtesies, which he possessed to the last mak- 
ing Jiim to all, an ohject of honor and veneration. 

The city of his birth had grown from the limited numbers 
and position of a small frontier colonial garrison, to the wealth 
and magnitude of a great Capital, lie saw its progress, and 
enjoyed each development. More than any other man of his 
times had he seen the great changes in the transit to and from 
the metropolis. Its slowest and its swiftest had passed before 
him; and he possessed, what is most rare in old men, the ap- 
preciation of the superiority of the present over the past. 

Knjoying at a very early age, by the society in which he min- 
gled, the acquaintance of the prominent men of the last century, 
his knowledge* of true history was agreeable, and covered a 
series of years seldom touched by personal memory and associa- 
tion. 

In the North Dutch church of this city, his loss is that of their 
most aged male member, lie knew and felt, in intelligent sym- 
pathy, the value of the holy faith his almost century of life che- 
rished as its richest possession. 

The loss of a citizen, who has thus accompanied the city in 
all its changes, for the years of a cycle, is a public one; and the 
general kindness of recollection on the part of all our people 
toward the venerable deceased, is a worthy and a fitting memo- 
rial of him. Albany Evening Journal. 

23. James Anderson died, aged 55 Daniel C. 

Johnson died, aged 48. 

24. An alarm of fire occasioned by the burning of a 
barn on the Shaker road, in which thirty-five cows were 

consumed Legislature assembled in extia session. 

John Murray died, aged 30 Margaret C. 

Miller, wife of William Annesly, died, aged 37. 

25. Peter Mulligan died, aged 50 Alfred Marshall 

died, aged 42.'. ... Margaret Bulklcy died, aged 53. 

26 George L. Tout died, aged 23. 
27. As a party of lads were landing from a yawl boat, 
one of them, Thomas M. Myron, aged 14, fell into the 



Annals of 1853. 331 

river and was drowned Sophia Ann Waugh, wife of 

Christopher Pearl, died, aged 31. 

28. John 0. Merrifield died, aged 32. 

29. A German named George Maeder was drowned in 
the creek behind the island at the south end of the city, 

while bathing James Albert Russell died at Lowell, 

aged 25. 

30. About sixty sail vessels arrived during the day from 
the south. 

JUNE. 

1. What was termed the West plan for the enlargement 
of the canals, was adopted by the house of assembly, 79 
to 40: but it was defeated in the senate. 

2. The prisoners in the Jail, corner of Eagle and 
Howard streets, were removed to the new lockup in 

Maiden lane Anna Maria Gorer, wife of Jacob 

Kiiry, died, aged 25 Mrs. Mary, wife^of George R. 

Vanderlip, died, aged 45. 

3. John Mil wain died, aged 66 Israel Smith died, 

aged 77. 

4. Seven lumber offices were broken open and robbed 

on Saturday night The members of the legislature 

accepted the invitation of the Consolidated Rail Road 

Company to take a jaunt to Niagara Falls Mary M. 

Douglass, wife of Alexander Sinclair, died, aged 29 

Thaddcus Joy died at Buffalo, aged 63; formerly a mer- 
chant in Albany. 

Mr. Joy was an early settler in Western New York, having 
located in Le Roy, Goriesee county, in 1815, where from his 
energy and enterprise, he soon occupied n prominent position. 
He removed to this city in 1823. He was an early and stead- 
fast friend of De Witt Clinton during the preliminary efforts 
which were put forth to secure the construction of the Erie 
canal. 

He saw the great advantages that would accrue to the west- 
ern part of the state by opening this channel of communication 
with the tide watrr, and was active and influential in furthering 
the measure in its incipiency, and "until the waters of Lake 
Erie were mingled with those of the Atlantic." With his fellow 
citizens of Buffalo, then numbering some twenty-five hundred, 



332 . Annals of 1853. 

lie celebrated, with becoming 1 enthusiasm, an event so important 
in the history of our then Village, as well as of the state and 
nation. He has lived to see his most sanguine hopes more than 
realized by the stupendous rpsiilts which have followed the con- 
struction of the Erie canal the calling into being the innume- 
rable villages and cities which now line its banks, and its effect 
in peopling the great west. 

Mr. Joy early engaged in the mercantile business here, in 
company with the late Manly Colton, in which he continued for 
several years. He built the canal boat on which Clinton made 
his first trip, and erected the first warehouse here, so that he in- 
deed may he regarded as one of the commercial pioneers of the 
west. After the completion of the canal, he embarked in the 
forwarding business, with extensive connections, and during the 
greater portion of the time he was so engaged, he resided in 
Albany. His characteristics were sound common sense, sound 
judgment, great, yet unpretending energy ; and he possessed a 
mind which, while it was not unmindful of the complicated de- 
tails of an extensive and ramified business, was of sufficient 
grasp to comprehend great undertakings and far-reaching en- 
terprises. He*has ever retained the respect of his fellow citi- 
zens by his probity and uprightness, his public spirit and en- 
lightened devotion to the general good. Buffalo Daily Courier. 

5. The body of James Conley, who had been missing 
since the 2d inst., was discovered in the basin, by persons 
making search for it there. He was supposed to have 

been murdered Charles H. Andrews died, aged 37. 

Sarah F., wife of Francis Demol, died, aged 41. 

6. The body of Patrick Burns, who disappeared last 

fall, was found in the basin The train bearing the 

members of the legislature returned from Niagara Falls 
in 7h. 44m. In the evening the members of the press 
who accompanied the expedition were invited to a -supper 
at the City Hotel Charles Bryan died, aged 53. 

8. Shoe store of G. A. Wolverton & Co. entered by 
burglars, who fled leaving their tools and goods behind. 

9. The grand jury condemned the new jail as being in- 
adequate to the safe custody of expert rogues. 

10. The store of S. F. Shephard entered by burglars 
and robbed of clothing and money. 

11. One of the bridges of the Albany Northern Rail 
Road, in progress of construction, fell, carrying with it 



Annals of 1853. 333 

about forty persons, some of whom were killed, and others 
badly injured. 

13. The trial of John Heridrickson, Jr., for the murder 
of his wife, was commenced at the City Hall. 

14. A plan for amending the constitution so as to re- 
move a feature of it which it was desirous to overcome, 
was adopted by the house 1 19 to 0, and the senate 29 to 1. 

15. Elizabeth Millard, widow of William Scoby, died, 
aged 81 Thomas J. Willard died, aged 51. 

16. Nehemiah Osborn dfed, aged 83. 

17. Great thunder storm ; sloop loaded with hay upset ; 
houses struck by lightning; cellars filled with water. 

21. Eliza, wife of Matthew Coulter, died, aged 38 

Peter Owens died, aged 38 John B. Evertsen died 

in New York, aged 29 Mrs. Sarah Russell died, 

aged 30. 

23. Janette Osborne died, aged 51 George L. 

Campbell died, aged 29. 

24. J. F. Campbell died, aged 25. 

25. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a wooden 

tenement in Montgomery street Thomas J. Thomas 

died, aged 62 Mrs. Ann Kennedy died, aged 24. 

26. Teresa Lawlor died, aged 20 Erskine Kelley 

died, aged 21. 

28. Duncan Hayes died, aged 28 Ann, wife of 

William Birge, died, aged 72. .. .John Gilbo died, aged 28. 

29. The last rail was laid on the Albany Northern Rail 
Road, connecting it at Eagle Bridge with the Vermont 
road, and opening a continuous rail road route from Al- 
bany to Montreal Ann Eliza Hays, wife of Robert 

L. Johnson, died, aged 24. 

30. The first locomotive passed over the Albany North- 
ern Rail Road, from Eagle Bridge to Albany Mar- 
garet Ten Eyck died, aged 62 John H. Brown, died. 

JULY. 

1. The boiler of the steam boat New World, from Al- 
bany to New York, exploded, killing four persons, and 
severely scalding several others Owen Hughes died, 

[Annan v.] 29 



334 Annals of 1853. 

aged 26 Mrs. Nancy Field died, aged 56 Mrs, 

Anna McGuigan died, aged 70. 

2. A fire in the evening destroyed the upper part of a 
brick house in Division street. 

3. David E. Gregory, formerly of the firm of Gregory 

& Bain, died, aged 73 Henry S. Crandall died, aged 

29 Albert Blair, formerly of Albany, died at Medina, 

Orleans county. 

4. The customary celebration of the day was observed. 

A fire destroyed the upper part of a dwelling house 

in Broadway in the afternoon, and in the evening a dwell- 
ing in Park street was burnt; both caused by fire works. 
Elizabeth McCollum died, aged 82. 

5. Edmund Marcy died at sea, aged 22. He was the 
youngest son of the Hon. Wm. L. Marcy, Secretary of 

State of the United States Eliza, wife of Herman 

Ten Eyck, died, aged 51 Mrs. Rachael Graham died, 

aged 48. 

7. The directors of the consolidated rail road held 
their first election of officers, when Erastus Corning was 
chosen president, and J. V. L. Pruyn secretary and 

treasurer The trial of Hendrickson for the murder 

of his wife by poison was brought to a close by the jury 
finding him guilty, and he was sentenced to be hung. . . . 
A fire in the evening caused by a balloon, which in its 
ascent got entangled in the roof of a house in Chestnut 
street Mrs. Martha Reed died, aged 67. 

8. John Leslie died, aged 42 Eliza, wife of Rev. 

Peter Bullions, late of Albany, died in New York, aged 61. 

9. Elizabeth C., wife of Thomas Caghlen died, aged 22. 
13. Colin R. Woolley died, aged 56. 

15. Margaret, wife of James Sheerin, died. 

16. Boiler of the steam boat Empire of Troy exploded 
near Castleton, by which five persons were killed and ten 
or more badly scalded. . . .Elias W. Babcock, died, aged 35. 

18. Margaret Fitzpatrick died, aged 23 George 

Huddleston died at Greenbush Elizabeth McCam- 

mon, wife of James A. Gray, died John Hilton died, 

aged 92 Richard Ross died, aged 20. 

19. Barney Leddy, under trial for the murder of his 



Annals of 1853. 335 

wife, was acquitted Eenison Williams, formerly of 

Albany, died in Brooklyn, aged 65. 

21. The extra session of the Legislature adjourned. 
One of its last acts was the defeat of the temperance bill 

in the house of assembly, 56 to 54 Maria, wife of 

David Prest, died, aged 38 Eleanor Amsden died, 

aged 69. 

23. Catharine McShane died, aged 59. 

24. Alarm of fire in the, morning; a barn destoyed on 
the Niskayuna road, and several cows burnt; loss $2500. 

27. Mrs. Rebecca, widow of Cornelius Witbeck, died, 

aged 69 William Cassidy died, aged 21 A 

man, name unknown, was found floating in the river, dead. 
Nathaniel Higby died, aged 69. 

28. At the meeting of the board of inspectors of the 
Penitentiary, the resignation of William W. Forsyth was 
received, and complimentary resolutions passed upon his 
capacity and efficiency. Mr. John B. James was elected 

to fill the vacancy William Berresford, aged 26, a 

caulker, accidentally fell into the basin and was drowned. 

Isaac Albright, aged 41, while engaged in wheeling 

coal aboard a steam boat, fell overboard and was drowned. 
Andrew Gibbs died, aged 19. 

AUGUST. 

1. A rain storm in the afternoon flooded the streets; 
Beaver street and Maiden lane being of insufficient capa- 
city for the torrent, the basements of many houses were 
deluged, 

And State Street o'er its rocky bed 
Roared like a bull in battle. 

James Murtaugh, aged 48, came to his death by 

walking off the dock into the river. 

2. A young woman, aged 24, threw herself into the 
river at the foot of Lydius street, with the intention of 
drowning herself, but was rescued with much difficulty. 

Mrs. Mary Mayell died, aged 32 Margaret 

Bilyieu died, aged 72 William McLaughlin died, 

aged 30. 



336 Annals of 1853. 

4. Matthew Moran died, aged 21. 

5. George A. Raymond died, aged 28. 

6. A company called Davidson's Fire King Guards, 
turned out for a target exercise, numbering 80 muskets. 
Prizes were awarded to the best shots. 

7. Lucy J., wife of H. B. Lamson, died, aged 23. 

8. Matthew Crow died, aged 30. 

9. Walter Luce died, aged 54. 

10. Louis Whipple, aged 48, was pushed overboard 
from a canal boat, and drowned. 

1 1. Peter White died, aged 28 Catharine, wife of 

P. Crowley, died, aged 28. 

12. William Cahill died, aged 26. 

13. The table below exhibits the state of the weather 
for the week, ending this day, at two places in the city 
at half past 1 o'clock: 

Cor. Broadway Cor. State and 

and Maiden Lane. North Pearl. 

Monday, 89 85 

Tuesday, 90 82 

Wednesday, 91 87 

Thursday, 92| 90 

Friday, 94 93 

Saturday, 94 

The whole number of deaths by heat in the city 

and vicinity was 28 during the week. Daniel Sullivan, 
aged 28, died suddenly, at 106 Orange street. He had 
been laboring hard early Saturday morning, and his death 
is supposed to have been brought on by the exhausting 
effects of the excessive heat. He had been but a few 
weeks in this country, and was a young man of excellent 
character and habits Edward Flanigan, a paver, re- 
siding at 34 Herkimer street, in this city, dropped dead 
on Saturday afternoon, about three o'clock, while working 

on Broadway in Greenbush A man named Joseph, 

other name not known, died coming up the river on the 

barge Buffalo, from the effects of excessive heat A 

man named Morrison was sun-struck on Arbor Hill, and 

died in the afternoon at his boarding house John 

Dunlavy, a teamster, fell from his wagon and died from 
excessive heat in Lydius street. He was 30 years of age. 
Thomas Foxen, aged 50, while at work in Van 



Annals of 1853. 337 

Woert street, dropped dead from excessive heat A 

man named Murphy, who was employed on a building at 
Castleton, died from a stroke of the sun. He was a 

mason and resided in Arch street Joshua P. Tucker 

died, aged 28. 

J5. Ann, wife of Henry Dermody. died, aged 40. 

16. The weather vane of the Congregational Church, an 
arrow, having been regilded, was returned to its place, 
where it had pointed to tfie wind for many years ...... 

The first passenger train on the Northern Rail Road came 

through from Eagle Bridge Mrs. Agnes Williamson 

died, aged 54 Louisa, wife of Henry Trowbridge, 

died, aged 68. 

17. A woman weighing 764 pounds was exhibited at 
Bleecker Hall, with her daughter weighing 340 pounds, 
15 years of age. 

18. Mrs. Mary Pratt died, aged 67 Richard S. 

Bay died, aged 28 A young woman in the employ 

of John H. Canoll, burned to death by the explosion of 
burning fluid or camphene, which she was pouring into a 
stove to hasten the fire! 

19. John Boardman died, aged 82. He was one of the 
original elders of the Second Presbyterian Church, and a 
man of untiriog zeal in his office. 

21. The body of a Mr. Springsteed found drowned in 
the Island creek Mrs. Mary Dobbs died, aged 76. 

22. The Worth Guards went on a steam boat excur- 
sion to Coxsackie, where a riot was got up by a party of 
rowdies who accompanied them, and the boat was driven 

off by the people of the village The Erina Guards 

arrived from Newark, and were received by the Emmet 
Guards Miss Lucy Newton died. 

23. The Rondout Battalion, three companies, arrived 
by steam boat, and were received by the Worth Guards 
and the Washington Rifle Corps. 

24. Collision on the Albany and Northern Rail Road 
near North Ferry street; two men badly hurt. 

28. William Chapman, many years an extensive grain 

merchant on the dock, died, aged 82 Mrs. Catharine 

Theresa Beck died, aged 86 Samuel Parke died, 



338 Annals of 1853. 

aged 31. Mrs. Nancy, wife of Jessup Townsend, died, 
aged 59. 

Mrs. Miriam Watson, wife of Warren B. Hedden, died. 

31. The editor of the Evening Journal received a sam- 
ple of wheat from the southern part of the county, which 
returned over forty bushels to the acre. The farmers 
of the county once almost abandoned the cultivation of 
wheat, as an unprofitable crop. 

SEPTEMBER. 

1. The Albany and Schenectady Rail Road took 2370 
passengers over the road, which is the greatest number 
ever carried in one day, except on some great public oc- 
casions. 

4. The exempts of the Burgesses Corps, under Capt. 
John 0. Cole, went out for a target excursion, on the 

Watervliet turnpike John Morgan, chief of police, 

resigned his office, which he had discharged with great 
faithfulness and efficiency since the organization of the 
present police. He was, however, induced to continue in 

office . . .Mrs. Mary Storey died, aged 68 Eveline, 

wife of Robert Ruby, died, aged 77. 

5. Ground was broken on the Albany and Susquehanna 

Rail Road The following gentlemen were this day 

elected directors of the Albany and Susquehanna Rail 
Road Company for the ensuing year: Edward C. Delavan, 
of Albany; Robert H. Pruyn, do.; Ezra P. Prentice, do.; 
Andrew White, do.; James D. Wasson, do.; Cornelius 
Vosburgh, do.; Chauncey P. Williams, do.; Charles 
Courter, of Cobleskill; George W. Chase, of Maryland; 
Eliakim M. Ford, of Oneonta; Arnold B. Watson, of 
Unadilla; Timothy Ruggles, of Harpersville; Edward 

Tompk'ins, of Binghamton A man named Palmer 

attempted to jump aboard the steam boat Francis Skiddy 
as she was leaving the dock, fell into the river and was 

drowned Mary, wife of James Conlon, died 

James 0' Conner, confined in jail, died of congestion of 
the brain. 

6. The Albany Medical College commenced its fall 
course of lectures, on which occasion Dr. Howard Town- 



Annals of 1853. 339 

send delivered the introductory lecture Capt. Fox, 

of the barge Western, was sun struck while engaged in 
loading his craft at the Pier. 

9. The firemen had a torch-light procession in honor 
of the arrival of a Syracuse fire company. 

10. The first of Erie canal enlarged boats arrived, con- 
taining 3700 bushels of wheat Mrs. Sarah L. Ran- 
dall died, aged 66. 

1 2. A frost was observed by the gardeners on the island 

below the city The Artillery company went up to 

Cohoes for their annual target shooting; M. A. Benjamin 
making the best shot. 

13. Margaret, wife of Archibald Madden, died, aged 
31 John Jackson died. 

14. Mrs. Virtue Cone died, aged 75. 

17. Hannah Kimbell, wife of Henry P. Nugent, died, 
aged 31. 

19. Roseanna, wife of .Ge.orge Marrin, died. 

20. The committee of the citizens of Albany forwarded 
$1,535-25 to New Orleans for the relief of the sufferers 
by the yellow fever in that city. 

21. Bridget, wife of Jocelyn Hickey, died Alice. 

wife of John A. McKown, died, aged 42 Catharine, 

wife of Barnard Sweeney, died Margaret, wife of 

Francis Fahrenbach, died, aged 48 

22. The house of Mr. Bates, on the Island, was de- 
stroyed by fire Sarah, wife of Abram H. Lord, 

formerly of Albany, died at Peekskill. 

23. A highway robbery was committed by two persons 
upon a man and his wife, on the Bethlehem plank road, 
as they were returning from the city to the country. 

25. Mrs. Elsie Van Wormer died, aged 91 Andrew 

Farrell Hied, aged 68. 

26. A boy fishing in the basin drew up the body of a 
man in an advanced state of decomposition, which proved 
to be that of John Alexander, aged 27, who had been 

missing since the 2 1st The journeymen horse-shoers 

struck for an advance of wages. 

27. Meeting of the barnburner democrats at the Capi- 
tol, attended with bonfires, speeches and resolutions, all 



340 Annals of 1853. 

aimed at the destruction of the hunkers Anna, wife 

of John A; Johnson, and daughter of the late Jacob 
Groesbeck, died at Newark, N. J., aged 35, and was 
brought to Albany for interment. 

28. A meeting of the master horse shoers was held at 
the Pavilion in South Pearl street, who resolved to pay 
the advance of wages demanded by the journeymen, and 
appealed to the public for an advance of their own prices. 
Margaret Kelley died, aged 28. 

29. Torchlight procession in the evening in honor of 
the visit of a New York company of firemen. 

The firemen assembled in large numbers, to escort their New 
York guests, by torchlight, through the streets. The thorough- 
fares on the line of procession, were lined with people, and to 
make one's way along Broadway or State street, was a difficult 
undertaking. About 9 o'clock the procession started from their 
paltering place in North Pearl street, and moved in the follow- 
ing order: 

Chief Engineer and'his Assistants, 

Cooke's Brass Band. 

Washington Engine No. 1, 

Niagara Engine No. 6, 

Eagle Engine No. 7, 

Daniel D. Tompkins No. 8, 

Excelsior Engine No. 12, 

Hook & Ladder No. 2, 

Neptune Engine No. 10, 

Red Jacket Hose Carriage No. 45, 

(drawn by the members of Engine No. 10,} 

Metropolitan Cornet Band, 

Red Jacket Co. No. 45. 

After marching down Broadway to Ferry, up Ferry to Pearl, 
up Pearl to Lumber, down Lumber to Broadway, down Broad- 
way to State, when the line commenced wagging snake-like up 
the hill. As soon as the whole procession got in the winding 
way, the fireworks commenced. The effect of the constellation 
of burning torches in State street, was, as on all former occa- 
sions, truly imposing. The shooting of Roman candles, lent an 
additional brilliancy to the scene. After marching up the hill, 
the guests were escorted to their quarters, highly gratified with 
the display they were honored with. Knickerbocker. 

Great gathering of the democratic party at the 

Capitol speeches by some of the principal orators of the 



Annals of 1853. 341 

State, in the course of which the barnburners were cut 
up and salted down The Providence Artillery ar- 
rived as the guests of the Burgesses Corps, and encamped 

upon Washington Parade Ground The funeral of 

Edmund Marcy, who died at sea, was attended by a large 
number of friends, at the residence of his father, in S'ate 
street. . . .Mary Boyd, widow of the late Jno. Davis, died. 

OCTOBER. 

2. The Burgesses Corps, with their guests, attended 

the Middle Dutch Church, in a body An alarm of 

fire proceeded from the basement of the Delavan House; 
the whiter stock of coal, about 400 tons, had taken fire; 
it was soon extinguished. 

3. The Providence Artillery, escorted by the Burgesses 
Corps, visited the Arsenal at West Troy; dined at Van 
Vechten Hall, on their return, and in the evening returned 

home by the way of New York The fare on the 

Harlem Rail Road, which had been $1, and that of the 
Hudson River Rail Road, which had remained a long time 
at T50, was raised by both roads to $2. . . .John Thomas 

died, aged 75 Abel F. McKown died, aged 26 

Mrs. Catharine Arnold died, aged 58 Cath- 
arine Liddy died, aged 20. 

4. John 0. Cain died, aged 28. 

5. Sarah Elizabeth Haskell died, aged 31 Mrs. Cor- 
nelia Snyder died, aged 69 Edwin B. Tripp died, 

aged 38 John Grimes died, aged 37 Jacob 

Radiff died, aged 52 Isabella, wife of James Brown, 

formerly of Albany, died at Baltimore, aged 75. 

6. A county fair was held four miles from the city, 
at Wnich the receipts amounted to nearly $2,000. 
The experiment was otherwise quite successful and 
creditable Harriet S. Corey, wife of Win. H. Dia- 
mond, formerly of Albany, died in New York. . . .Philip 
Dwyer died, aged 39. 

7. The judges of the Albany County Fair, on female 
equestrianism, reported the following prizes: 1. Miss 
Catharine M. Springsteed, Albany, silver cup. valued 
at $15. 2. Miss Leah Marshall Ireland, Ireland's 



342 Annals of 1853. 

Corners, Watervliet, silver goblet, valued at $12. 3. 
Miss Sarah R. Osborn, Watervliet, silver cup, valued at 
$9. 4. Miss Helen Lawton, Coeymaiis, set of silver 
spoons, valued at $6. 5. Miss Phebe K. Beardsley, Al- 
bany, silver butter knife, valued at $3. 

8. Mary Ann Laden died, aged 21. 

9. The Pearl Street Baptist Church, which had been 
closed several months for repairs, was reopened. Rev. 
Dr. Hague, of Newark, preached, with a view to becoming 

the future pastor of the church Sarah, wife of S. P. 

Goewey, died, aged 83 Angelica, daughter of the 

late James Van Rensselaer, died. 

13. James O'Neil died, aged 27 Geo. W. Thomp- 
son died, aged 23. 

14. An attempt was made to fire the Vegetable Market, 
which was discovered in season to arrest the destruction 

of that unsightly range of corporation property 

Anthony L. Harrison died, aged 31 Mary Jane Mane 

died, aged 17. 

15. The country market presented an unusual array 
of the produce of the season, which found a brisk sale at 
high prices. Butter 23 cts.. Lamb 8 cts., potatoes $1'25 

a barrel James W. Blackwood, formerly of Albany, 

died at Galveston, Texas, of yellow fever. 

16. The Congregational Church, corner of Beaver and 
South Pearl, which had long been undergoing repairs, was 
opened for worship. During the summer this ancient 
edifice, the oldest church building in the city, put on a 
new appearance under the hands of the painters and 
other artizans, looking quite as modern as any of its 
neighbors. 

17. John Whalen died, aged 19. 

18. Alexander Heyer Brown died, aged 43 John 

Tenehan died, aged 24 John Strothers died, aged 2 1 . 

20. Fryer & McMichael's dry goods store robbed of 
several hundred dollars worth of goods John Cos- 
grove, aged about 40, who had been missing several days, 
was found drowned Rachel Copley died, aged 77. 

22. Rev. William I. Kip, of St. Paul's Church, was 

appointed as Missionary Bishop to California Ann 

P. Porter, widow of the late Frederick Porter, died, . . . 



Annals of 1853. 343 

Mrs. Margaret Brown, wife of Samuel Brown, died 

Michael Byrne died, aged 42. 

23. Owen Droogan died. Ellen Milwain, widow 

of Thomas Milwain, died, aged 56. 

24. A snow storm commenced soon after 1 1 o'clock in 
the morning, and continued till evening. About eight 
inches of snow fell, and the next morning it was seen 
covering the houses and hills in every direction; but an 
unclouded sun during the day dissipated almost every 
vestige of it. 

25. The grain measurers and strikers demanded an 
advance of pay, from 37.^ ets. to 50 cts. per hundred 
bushels of grain, which the board of trade agreed to. 
The price of day laborers on the dock was 25 cents an 
hour John 0. Lansing died, aged 73. 

26. An alarm of fire at Conner's Theatre; no damage. 
An attempt was made to fire a lumber yard. 

28. The river, swollen by the late rain storms, rose to 
the top of the docks, and then retired again. 

29. William C. Wheeler died, aged 42. 

. 31. An assault and robbery was committed upon one 
Capt. Morgan, of a canal boat; $100 reward was offered 
for the detection of the perpetrators. 

NOVEMBER. 

1. Richard Thomas died, aged 67 Hannah Jane, 

wife of Samuel B. Nafew, died, aged 38. 

2. Mrs. Caroline M., wife of Wm. Kerr, died, aged 45. 
Mrs. Sarah, wife of Joseph Davis, died, aged 54. 

3. George Galpin died, aged 47. He was the printer 
of the National Observer, and the other publications of 
Solomon Southwick, during the anti-masonic campaign. 

Mrs. Henry Wood died, aged 59 William R. 

Coulson, formerly of Albany, died at sea, aged 40. 

5. The first train of cars from Rutland came down the 
Albany Northern Rail Road, with about forty passengers. 
The officers of the company, under the presidency of 
James D. Wasson, had surmounted every obstacle in ac- 
complishing the completion of this road Martin 

Dunn died, aged 56. 



344 Annals of 1853. 

7. William Gribbon died, aged 28. 

9. Charles Waters died, aged 31 Mrs. Eliza Burns 

died, aged 36. 

12. The house of Rev. Dr. Kip was entered by bur- 
glars, and robbed William Gladding, formerly of 

Albany, died in New York, aged 56. 

13. The boats which left New York on the evening 
previous were detained by fog till noon. . Elizabeth 
Neely died, aged 24. 

14. The heavy rain of the previous two days produced 
a rise of water in the river, which overflowed the docks. 

15. Miss Lydia Newton died. 

There was an exciting time among the colored population of 
the city, growing out of the election of a delegate to the National 
Council an institution lately organized for the purpose of 
devising means to benefit colored people generally. Mr. VV. M. 
TOPP, merchant tailor, Broadway, was the regularly nominated 
candidate, and was the choice of the aristocratic colored persons. 
The bone and sinew the underground democracy set up 
Stephen Myers, who was the people's candidate. The polls 
opened at an early hour in the morning, and the greatest possible 
excitement prevailed about the City Hall all day. The contest 
was carried on with great spirit and enthusiasm by the friends of 
both parties. Every nook and corner in town was dragged lor 
voters. Even the basin and river crafts were raked, and patriotic 
colored men who before never enjoyed the privilege of express- 
ing their sentiments through the ballot-box, were marched up to 
the polls flanked by the friends of the candidates. The pulling, 
hauling, coaxing and threatening were excellent imitations of 
the scenes witnessed at the polls on a general election among 
white people. Every voter had to pay ten cents for the privilege 
of voting, which goes into a common school fund for colored 
people. The fun and excitement attracted the attention of a 
large crowd of people. The election was conducted in good 
nature, and passed off quietly. The election resulted in the 
choice of Mr. TOPP. It was close work, however, as he beat 
Mr Myers by only 2 votes. Mr TOPP'S friends fired a salute 
in the evening in honor of the victory. Knickerbocker. 

17. David Benson died, aged 51. 

20. An affray early in the morning in State street ; 
Michael Flynn stabbed Michael O'Brien. 

21. Meeting of young men at tne rooms of the Young 
Men's Association, for the purpose of organizing a gym- 



Annals 0/^1 853. 345 

nasium. At the opening of the court of oyer and term- 
iner, there were 238 causes on the calendar. 

22. Donald McLeod delivered the first of a series of 
lectures before St. Mary's Library Association. 

23. Store of Wm. McElroy broken into and robbed. 

24. Wendell Phillips lectured before the Young Men's 
Association on The Lost Arts. 

25. Robert Crav* ford died, aged 52. 

26. Christina, wife of Oaniel Smith, died, aged 45 

Nancy Maria, wife of David M. Relyea, died, aged 37. 

27." James C. Patrick died, aged 43. 

28. The blacksmith's shop of the Cei.tral Rail Road 
was burnt Wm. McBride died, aged 68. 

30. The St. Andrews Society celebrated the nativity 
of their patron saint. 

DECEMBER. 

2. Peter Snyder died, aged 76. 

4. Garret Ackerman died, aged 48. 

10. Margaret Jane Stewart died, aged 17. 

11. Olive, widow of S. J. Penniman, died, aged 74. 

12. The school for ragged children, which was begun 
in Van Zandt street Dec. 20, 1852, and abandoned in 
May following, was again opened on this day at 159 South 
Pearl street, under Miss Knapp. 

15. A woman named Mary Smith burned to death in 
Van Zandt street. 

16. Robert Reynolds, engraver, for several years a re- 
sident of Albany, died at Charleston, S. C., aged 45. 

18 Joseph A. Strain died. 

19. The canal commissioners had decided to close the 
canals on the 20th, but the frost had two days the start 
of them, the last open reaches being effectually closed 

over by ice during the preceding night Sarah Mid- 

dleton died, aged 68. 

20. The river was closed over with ice, having been 
open 275 days. 

21. Amos Adams died, aged 80 Rebecca Hillman, 

wife of T. R. Cutler, died, aged 26. 

23. Snow fell in the morning and rain fell at night. . . 
[Annals v.] 30 



346 Annal^of 185?. 

Ellen Van Voast, wife of Horace B. Silliman, formerly of 
Albany, died at Schenectady, aged 26. 

24. The ice was sufficiently strong on the river to bear 
foot passengers who had the temerity to try it. 

25. At the anniversary meeting of the City Tract So- 
ciety, Dr. Alden March was elected president.. . . . Josiah 
Clark died, aged 61. 

26. Mrs. Elizabeth Churchill died Lemuel Steele 

died, aged 67. 

He came to this city in 1816, and began business as a paper 
hanger. His establishment was twice destroyed by fire; but by 
industry, economy, and enterprise, he overcame the effects oY 
disaster, and acquired a competence. He was, for a long time- 
chorister of l!ie Middle Dutch church, and had his seat under 
the pulpit, being the last to- occupy that position, the custom 
having been abolished, much to the dislike of the old people, 
and of Mr. Steele himself. He was, for about ten years, demo- 
cratic alderman of the fourth ward, when it was "claimed that 
" as goes the fourth ward so goes the state." He was also, for 
many years, chief engineer of the fire department, supervisor, 
and almost time out of mind, a director of the Mechanics' and 
Farmers' bank. He will be remembered as a deservedly suc- 
cessful merchant, a public spirited citizen, and an upright man. 

27. Anthony Ten Eyck, aged 30, was killed by being 
thrown from a wagon. 

28. A body calling itself the Classical Convention met 
in this city. 

29. The steam boat at the south ferry discontinued its 
trips, the ice being a foot thick, and sufficiently strong 
for teams to cross upon it. The thermometer was at 

zero at 7 P. M A fire on the corner of Beaver and 

William streets damaged the stock of a grocery store 

Dr. S. T. Carr y formerly of Albany, died in California, 
aged 54. 

30. Rev. George F. Simmons was installed pastor of 
the Unitarian Society. 

31. A fire at the Delavan House, which was got under 

with slight damage The following is a statement of 

the quantity of rain and melted snow which fell at Albany 
during the year 1853; 



Annals of 1853. 



347 



January. 2*09 in. 



August, 5' 12 in. 



September, 7'67 

October, , 2'65 lt 

November, 3'33 " 

December, 1/15 " 



Total,.. . 45-79" 



February, 3'68 

March, 2-35 

April, 3 80 

May, ,. 7'16 

June, 3-48 

July, 3'3l 

Edward Dunn, formerly a merchant in Albany, 

died at Old River Lake Plantation, Arkansas, aged 82. 

John B. James (Jied, aged 46. .. .From the books 

of the Harbor Master, we have obtained the number of 
vessels, steamers, &c^ arriving at and departing from this 
port during the past season, and their estimated tonnage, 
to which we have annexed the figures for the previous 
season: 

, 1S53 . 



No. 

Schooners, .............. 329 

Sloops, ................ 240 

Barges, ................. 181 

Steamers, ............... 39 

Propellers, ....... - ...... 9 

Scows, ................ 9 



Tons. 

27,363 

14,352 

24,383 

16,432 

1,635 

511 



No. 

322 

258 

201 

39 

16 

12 



Tons. 

27,934 

14.682 

26,245 

15,502 

2830 

6S7 



Total, 807 4,596 848 S7.8SO 

The above figures show a steady increase in the number 
of vessels and the tonnage of the river craft. It will be 
remembered that soon after the gathering in of the harvest 
the demand for sail vessels was quite active, and a large 
number were attracted hither, by the remunerative rates 
paid, which had never before been in port. The follow- 
ing is the total amount of tonnage for each year since 
1839: 



Tons. 

1840, 39,416 

1841, 50,797 

1842, 49,356 

1843, 55 354 

1844, 65,507 

1845, 70,985 

1846 7l,eil 



Tons. 

1847, 97,019 

1848, 77,983 

1843, 79,122 

1850, 80.548 

1851 60,819 

l52, 84,596 

1853, 87,880 



The above exhibit shows a steady increase, with the ex- 
ception of 1847, the memorable export year, when Ireland 
suffered from the potato rot and famine. Alb. Eve. Jour. 



INDEX. 



Abbott, John James, 25. 
Abstinence of a dog, 31. 
Academy, 38, 39, 50, 101, 259, 

289. 

of fine arts, 261. 
Accounts called in, 165, 167. 
Ackerman, Garret, 345. 
Adams, Amos, 345. 
Address to the Governor, 190. 
Affray, 344. 
Agricultural society, 299, 326. 

rooms, 293. 
Albany in 1691, 285. 
1800, 282. 
1853, 287. 
altitude, 259. 
county (see County), 
co. topography, 254. 
Daily Advertiser, 237. 
Directory, 53. 

Gazette, 10, 19, 231, 233 

235. 237. 
Insurance Co , 51. 
Library, 48. 
Original name, 288. 
Register, 18, 36, 105. 
Republican, 36. 
Allen, Andrew Jackson, 276. 
Almanac, 231. 
Alms house, 31, 292, 321. 
Altitude of Capitol, 259. 

city, 259. 
Artillery (see Republican Arti 

lery) 

Ames Ezra, 26, 33. 
Anderson, James, 330. 
Andrews, Charles H., 332, 
Annals of 1853, 318 



nnesley, Mrs. Wm., 330. 
nti-federalists, origin of, 225. 
rchitecture of the city, 100. 
reaof city, 101, 258. 
rmy, 193. 
.rsenal, 300, 313. 
.rtesian well, 266. 
.ssessment, 123, 127, 144, 155, 
174, 181, 190, 191, 195, 203, 
206. 

Assessor, 158. 
sylum for idiots, 291 
Jakers, 20. 

Balentine, Solomon, 231. 
Banks, 262, 293. 
Bank of Albany, 10, 23, 51. 

Capitol, 325. 
Banker, Evert, mayor, 173, 176, 

187. 

Banyar, G., 11, 278. 
Baptist church, 39, 260. 

State street, 207 . 
Green street, 207 . 
Barber, John 1 8, 33. 

Robert, 33. 
Barclay, Thomas, 283. 

Rev. Henry, 217. 
Barges, number of, 347. 
Barnburners, 339. 
Barrack street, 7, 99. 
Barry, Thomas, 38. 
Bars in river, 263. 
Bartholomew, Capt., 32. 
Basic, 317. 
Basin, 263, 288. 
Bass, large haul, 34. 

lane, 42. 
Batteries and guns, 177. 



350 



Index, 



Bay, Richard T., 337. 
Bear island, 98. 
Beasley, Frederick, 9. 
Beaver, value of, 114. 
Beck, Lewis C., 327. 
Dr T. R., 29. 
Mrs. Theresa, 337. 
Beer manufactured, 294. 
Beers, Wm. P. 26, 234. 
Bell ringer, salary of, 22. 
Berne, 267, 301 
Benevolent institutions, 262. 

societies, 295. 
Benson, David, 344. 
Bethlehem. 2.68, 303. 
Bible society, 28, 32, 50. 

Baptist. 359. 
Bible and Common Prayer Book 

society, 50. 
Blair, Albert, 334. 
Blatchford, Samuel, 28. 
Bleecker, Harmanus^ 28. 

John I., 29. 

Blockhouses, 197. 200, 203. 
repairs of, 140. 
and batteries, 177. 
Bloodgood, Abraham, 224. 
Boardman, John, 317, 
Bogart, Gerritt,. 13. 

John. 222, 226, 329, 
Boght, 271. 
Bone lane, 7. 
Boy drowned, 330, 331. 
Boyd, Samuel, 325. 
Bread, price of, 8, 18, 20, 24, 143, 

179. 

Bradford, John M., 9, 8. 
Bradt, Anthony, 122, 156, 159. 
Brewer street, 130. 
Briare, Peter, 25. 
Bridge near Lutheran church, 129, 

131. 

over Rutten kill, 186. 
British prisoners^ 39,. 
standard, 37. 
Brock way, L. R., 3J1. 
Brokers, 157, 163. 
Brown, A. Heyer. 342. 
Sarquel R.. 36.. 



Brown, Thomas, 32. 
Brownlee, Samuel, 327. 
Bryan, Charles, 332. 

Mrs. John, 19. 
Bullions, Mrs. Peter, 334. 
Bunker, Capt., 29. 
Burgesses corps, 3^2, 338, 341. 
Burglary, 322, 324, 325, 327, 331, 

342, 344, 345. 
Burke, Rev. James, 19. 
Butter, 342. 
Caldwell, James, 26. 
Calliers, Chev. de, 287. 
Camphene case, 337. 
Cammeyer $ Gaw, 41 . 
Canal, Erie, 331. 
boats, 101. 

enlarged, 339. 
closed, 345. 
enlargement, 331. 
opened, 327. 
navigation, 294, 300. 
survey ordered, 14, 23. 
Capital invested, 267. 
Capitol, 15, 101, 259. 

corner stone laid, a. 
street, 42. 
Car of Neptune, 21, 
Carr, George, 328. 

Dr. S. T., 346. 
Cartwright, major, 99, 
Catholic church, 12, 19., 38. 
Cattle, free grazing, 204. 
Cavalry uniform, 7. 
Caverns, 268, 304. 
Census, 28, 323. 

1825, 216. 
Chapman, William, 337. 
Chapel street, 7. 
Charity collection, 15, 20, 27, 28, 

32, 38, 39. 
donation, 339. 
Charter, 288. 

ordered printed, 134, 139. 
of liberties. 98. 
Cherry hill, 303. 
Chesterville, 275. 
Child, E. B. 41. 
Child $ Shifler, 41, 9,3, 



Index. 



851 



Chimneys, inspectors of, 174, 188 
Christian Indians, 217. 
Visitant, 106. 
Churches, 260, 292. 

(see Dutch, Epis., $c. 
Church petition, 204. 

in State street, Epis., 284 
Baptist, 207 
of Scotland. 231. 
yard, 155, 156, 204. 
Churchill <$ Abbey, 40. 
Circus donation, 18. 
Citizens assist the army, 19-3. 
City appraisement, 159, 176, 132 
bell, 21. 

charter, 134, 139. 
finances, 30. 
founded, 258. 
gates, 198. 
government, 9. 
hail, 101, 133, 259. 

old, 21. 

improvement, 288. 
officers, 114, 125, 141, 173 

201. 

1708, 187. 
1812. 48. 

weak condition of, 193. 
Clark, Josiah, 346. 
Classical convention, 346. 
Clerk of marke*, 131, 132, 181. 
Clinton, De Witt, 332-. 
Clowes, Rev. Mr., 27, 32. 
Clute, John, 165. 
Coeymans, 268, 305. 
Coffee, W., sculptor, 259. 
Cohoes, 226, 252, 273, 310. 
company, 271. 
island, 311. 
operations, 327. 
Cold, 324, 346. 
Cole. John 0., 33S. 
Collins, John, 160. 
Collision, rail road, 337. 
Colonie, 101,258, 312. 
Colored men, election, 344 
Columbian friends' union society, 

50 
Columbia street bridge, 329. 



Commerce, 300. 
Commercial importance, 263. 
Commons, 27, 204, 287. 
Congregational church, 337, 342, 
Connestigione, 316. 

(See Nestigeone). 
Connor, E. S., 825. 
Constitution, amendment, 338. 
Cooper, William, 22. 
Corning, E., 334. 
Coroner's jury, 169. 
Coulson, Win R., 343. 
Council, fine for nonattendance, 

142. 

Counterfeiter, 323. 
County, description of. 297. 

division, 19, 20, 25, 319. 

322. 

agricultural society, 326. 
fair, 341. 

topography of, 254. 
(see Albany). 
Courts, 258. 

Court, fine for nonattendance, 138. 
mayors, 114, 121. 
number of causes, 345.' 
street, 42. 
Covell rock, 316. 
Covenant, church, 212. 
Cow lane, 7. 

rawford, Robert, 345. 
Creeks, 268,2-99. 
Grier, 200. 

roll, Sebastian, 98. 
Cultivation, state of, 299. 
Cuyler, Abraham, 24, 284. 
John 14. 
Tobias V., 40, 41. 
Daily Advertiser, 237. 
Dam at West Troy, 14, 315.. 
Davis, Mrs. Joseph, 343, 
Deaths by heat, 336. 
De Bois, Rev., 219-. 
Dec. Independence first read, 329-. 
Deer street, 39, 42. 
De Haas, 316. 
Dellius, Dr., 220. 
)empsey, James, 323. 
De Witt r Mrs. Jane, \& 



352 



Index. 



De Witt, Simeon, 23. 

Directories, 40. 

Distance to principal cities, 258. 

of places, 272. 
Division street, 7. 
Dock street, 42. 
Dog, abstinence, 31. 
Douw, Sybrant, 20. 
Driving fast prohibited, 146, 178, 

202. 

Drowning of 33 persons, 12. 
Dummer, George, 322. 
Dundee warehouse, 320. 
Dunn, Ann, 326. 

Edward, 347. 
Dutch church, 204, 219. 

first, 15,28. 

second, 9. 

third, 260, 328. 
Eagle tavern, 35. 
Early settlers, 111. 
East Albany for sale, 15, 
Education, 219. 
Eights, Abraham, 48. 
Jonathan. 48. 
Eleation, 10, 15, 139, 258. 
novel, 344. 
of aldermen, 176. 
Ellison, Thomas, 230. 
Embargo celebration, 21. 
Emmet guards, 337. 
Empire, steam boat, 334. 
Engraving on wood, 11. 
Episcopal church, 283. 
Erina guards, 337- 
Evening Transcript, 321. 
Evertsen, John B., 333. 
Exchange building, 290. 
Expenses of city, 266. 
Export law repealed, 150. 
Express to Buffalo, 35. 
Faith, articles of, 209. 
Falls on Mohawk, 252. 
Family Newspaper, 106. 
Farms, 299. 
Farm rents, 302. 
Fast driving prohibited, 146, 178 

202. 
Fat woman, 337. 



federal republican joy, 21. 
<Yuddamart street, 186. 
Temale academy, 2GO. 

equestrianism, 341. 
seminary, 290. 
Terries, 266. 

?erry street Dutch ch., 260, 328. 
Fever, 38. 

ines of aldermen, 174, 191. 
inancial report, 139. 
Fines of city officers, 138. 
Fire, 1793, 232. 
Fires, 319, 320, 322, 323, 324. 

326, 327, 328, 330, 333, 334, 

338. 339, 341, 342, 343, 345, 

346! 
Fire company visit, 339. 

fly steam boat, 34. 

king guards, 336. 

masters, 143, 174, 188, 201. 

wood, 144, 175, 178, 190, 

197, 200, 202, 203, 204. 
Fish in Mohawk, 251. 
Five nations, number of, 221. 
Fly market, 42. 
Fog, 344, 
Fonda, Douw, 28. 
Fondey, Isaac, 324. 
Forestalling, law against, 8. 
Forsyth, Wm. W., 335. 
Fortifications, 192, 205. 
Fort Orange, 98, 258. 
Forts, 193. 
Fowler, William, 31. 
Fox street, 42, 99. 
Freeman, Rev. 220. 
Freight, expense of rum, 242. 
on Hudson river, 243* 
toUtica, 244. 
sloop, price, 225. 
Frelinghuysen street, 42. 
French spies, 205. 
Freshet, 321, 343, 344. 
Frost, 339. 
Fry, Joseph, 40. 
Fur brokers, 99. 
Gable enders, 241 . 
Gale, 36. 
Galpin, George, 343. 



Index. 



353 



Gansevoort, Leonard, 26. 

Dr. Peter, 20. 
Garrison, 178, 191, 197, 199, 219, 

287. 

Geology of county, 297. 
Geological formation, 254. 

rooms, 293. 

Genet, Mrs E. C., 24. 
Gibbonsville, 274, 312. 
Gill, Charles W., 325. 
Given, John, 8. 
Gladding, Wm., 344. 
Glass manufactory. 307. 
Glen, Cornelius, 24. 

Henry, 10. 
Gould, Samuel, 24. 
Grain measurers strike, 343. 
Grammar school, 9. 
Grant, Mrs. 223. 
Grass lane, 7. 
Gregory, David E , 334. 
Groceries, 22. 
Groesbeck, Aletta, 325. 

Stephanus, 284. 
Guilderland, 269, 306. 
Guards, irregularity of, 145. 
Gymnasium, 344. 
Hague, Rev. Dr., 342. 
Haight, Col., 321. 
Hallenbeck street, 39. 
Hallo way, Rev. W. H , 328. 
Hamilton, 269, 307. 

Gen., 307. 

John, 12. 

street, 7. 

Harbor report, ^ 347. 
Harlem rail road, 341. 
Harrison, A. L., 342. 
Harrowgate spring, 16. 
Haver island, 310. 
Helderberg, 254, 267, 302. 
Hendrik, king, 221. 
Hendrickson, John, jr., 326, 333, 

334. 

Hewson, Casparus, 38. 
Higby, N., 335. 
High water, 321. 

(see Freshet). 
Highways and bridges, 182. 



Highways, repairs ordered, 140. 

robbery, 339. 
Hill, Andrew, 328. 
Hilton, John, 334. 
History of Albany, 98. 
Hodge, Isaac, 12. 
Hoffman, Andrew, 8. 

L. G., 41. 
Hogs to be ringed, 130, 132, 142, 

152, 153, 179. 
Hollanders, 258. 
Holland, Henry, sheriff, 160, 168, 

173, 192, 203. 
Hooks and ladders, 145. 
Hope, steam boat, 28, 29. 
Horseshoers 1 strike, 339, 340. 
Hosford, E. # E., 40. 
Hospital, 18, 290. 
Hospitality, 267. 
Hotels, 266. 
Hot weather, 336. 
House of refuge, 322. 
Houses, number of, 287. 

removed, 151. 
Howard street, 7. 
Hudson river, early settlers, 111. 
rail road, 341. 
navigation, 243. 
Humane society, 15, 20, 28, 49. 
Hun, Mrs. Elizabeth, 25. 
Hunker meeting, 340. 
Hunter, Col. 220. 
Hurley, Rev. 12. 
Button, Georg, 10. 
Ice, 8, 12, 321, 322 323, 345, 

346. 

Imprisonment for debt. 26. 
Indian death song, 227. 
dissipation, 220. 
liquor law, 136. 
sale, 149. 

subjects of England, 249. 
trade, 116, 118, 119, 135, 
154, 156, 158, 160, 162, 
287. 
Ingoldsby, 192. 
Inns, 202. 
Institute, 261. 
Instruction, expense of, 323. 



354 



Index. 



Insurance companies, 263. 
Ireland, friends, 324. 
Jail, 18, 25, 26, 31, 101. 
old, 39. 
new, 331, 332. 
James, John B., 335. 
Johnson, Daniel C., 330. 
Jones 1 s grocery, 240. 
Jonker street, 132, 153, 283. 

market place, 181. 
Joy, Thaddeus,[351. 
Juncta, 212, 316. 
Junk shop dealers, 327. 
Kerr, Mrs. Wm., 343. 
Kidney, John, 160, 168. 
Kilby street, 7. 
Kills, 268. 
Kip, Wm. I., 342. 
Klinck, Graham, 40. 
Knapp, Miss, 345. 
Knox, 269, 307. 
Laborers wages, 343. 
Ladd's coffee house, 35. 
Ladies society, 20, 24, 28, 32, 34, 

38, 50. 
Lamps, 18. 
Lancaster school, 26, 31, 34, 50, 

101, 234, 261. 

Land improved in county, 297. 
Language and customs, 230. 
Lansing, Jannetje, 24. 
John, 160. 
John O., 343. 
Peter, 12. 
Sanders, 8. 
Sanders J. } 12. 
Lansingh, Gerardus, 15. 
Latitude, 258. 
Law building, 260. 
bookstore, 24. 
Leddy, Barney, 327, 334. 
Legislature, 335. 

adjourned, 326, 327. 
convened, 318, 326, 

330. 

recess, 326. 
prorogued, 32. 
Legislative jaunt, 331, 332. 
reports, 19. 



Leslie, John, 334. 
Letton, Ralph, 19. 
Lewis's tavern, 279, 323. 
Liberty street, 7. 
Library, Albany, 261. 
Light infantry, 13. 
Limestone, 257, 304, 
Linn, William, 14. 
Lion street, 42, 
Liquor law annulled, 18*). 

memorial, 320. 
Liquors prohibited, 186. 

retailers of, 149, 150,202. 

retailing prohibited, 142, 

194. 

Litejary institutions, 260. 
Livingston, Philip, 152. 

Robert, 152, 159. 
Robert, jr., 152, 177, 

190. 
Longevity, 20. 
Loomis, G. J., 41. 
Lots sold, 130. 
Lottery, 24. 
Lovelace, Gov. 190. 
Lovett, John, 21. 
Luce, Walter, 336. 
Lutheran church, 283. 
street, 7, 42. 
Lydius house, 100. 

Rev. Mr., 219. 
McBride, Wm., 345. 
McClelland, Robert, 234. 

Wm.,31. 
McElroy, Andrew, 324. 
Mclntyre, Archibald, 38. 
McJimpsey, John, '28. 
McLeod, Donald, 345. 
McMullen, Thomas, 327. 
McQuade, Rev. Mr., 38. 
Malt manufacturers, 294. 
Mancius, Wilheltnus, 18. 
Manufactures, 262, 294. 
Maquas, number of, 221, 
March, Alden, 346. 
Marcy, Edmund, 334. 
Mark lane, 42. 
Market in Jonker street, 181. 

regulations, 131, 132. 



Index. 



355 



Market street, 42. 
Martin, Dr. David, 329. 
Mashahacs. 147, 148. 
Masonic bodies, 295. 
Mather, Mary, 332. 
Mayer, F. G., 28. 

Mrs. P. A., 329. 
Mayors, list of, 101. 
Mechanic s society, 8, 26, 49, 234. 
and Farmers' Bank, 28, 

33, 5. 
Medical college, 289, 338, 

societies, 262, 295. 
Merchants' Bank, 325. 
Merrirield, John Q., 331. 
Meteorology, 346. 
Middle lane, 42. 
Mills's island, 2u3, 304. 
Military, 2D6, 322. 

visit, 337, 341. 
Minerals of county, 298. 
Mineral springs, 257, 266. 299. 
Missionaries, 220. 
Mohawk bank, 12. 
boats, 244. 
bridge, 9, 14. 
channel, 246. 
navigation, 242. 
river, 252. 
sprouts, 310. 

Mohawks, religious condition ,2 17, 
Mohegans, 98. 
Mompesson, Roger, 155. 
Monteath, George, 222, 226. 
Morton, Mrs., 18. 
Munsell, J., M. 
Museum, 19, 21, 26, 260. 
Mynderse, Marte, 10. 
Nail street, 7. 
National Democrat, 106. 

Observer, 34, 106. 
Navigation, 8. 12. 

inland, 244. 
state of, 318, 324. 
Negroes, 202. 
Neill, Rev. Mr., 24, 28. 
Nestigione patent, 316. 

(See Connestigeone and 
Niskayuna). 



Newspapers, 262. 
Vew Scotland, 269, 304. 
Vewton, Lucy, 337. 
Lydia, 344. 
World, explosion, 333. 
Vew York State bank, 51. 
Vicholson, Francis, 193. 
Viskayuna, 316, 335. 
formal school, 290. 
Vormans kill, 257. 
Vorthern institute, 261. 
Northern rail road, 319, 324, 326, 
327, 328, 332, 333, 337, 343L 
\ott, Dr E., 15, 28, 32. 
Oath of Philip Livingston, i52. 
Obesity, extraordinary, 337. 
Observatory, 291. 
Obstructions in river, 264. 
Occuna, 226. 
Odd fellows, 295. 
Olive Branch, sloop. 224. 
Orphan asylums, 292. 
Overslaugh, 263. 
Oyens, John, 168. 
Packaid <$ Van Benthuysen, 40. 
Page, Capt N., 321. 
Pairpont, 321. 
Paragon, steam boat, 32. 

Parker, James, 122. 
Parks, 289. 

Passage, sloop, 225. 

Pasture, the,. 99, 286. 

Patent of Albany, 287. 

Patroon's mansion, 267, 314. 

Paving, 39. 

Pearce B., 40. 

Pearl street, 181. 

Baptist church, 342. 

Penitentiary, 291, 335. 

Penniman, Mrs. S., 345. 

Penny paper, 321. 

Perry's reception, 35. 

Personal estate, 228, 294. 

Phillips, Wendell, 345. 

Pine plains, 299. 

Pinxter, 232. 

festivities prohibited, 29. 

Places of resort, 267. 

Plain street, 39. 



356 



Index. 



Plantations let to farm, 183. 
Plat of city, 259. 
Plough Boy, 106. 
Police office, 25. 
Poling boats, 245. 
Ponds and lakes, 302. 
Population. 22, 27, 100, 316, 323. 
' 1689, 287. 
1786, 223. 

1824, 297. 

1825, 216. 

1830 to 1850, 288. 
Port Schuyler, 274. 
Post office, 51. 
Postage, rates of, 52. 
Potatoes, 342. 
Presbytery, associate, 231. 
Presbyterian church, 39. 
Printer's celebration, 319. 
Printing office, 230. 
Produce, prices of. 325, 342. 
Property of city, 292. 

valuation of, 294. 
Propellers, number of, 347. 
Pruyn. J. V. L., 334. 

' Mrs. 320. 
Public buildings, 289. 
Pye, John, 1 1 . 
Quaker converted, 219. 
Rail roads, 264. 294. 

collision, 337. 

consolidated, 324. 

fare, 341. 

passengers, 338. 

proposed, 34. 
Rain, quantity of, 347. 
Real estate. 228, 294. 
Recorders, list of, 101. 
Reinforcements from the country, 

177. 

Religion in Albany, 1710,218. 
Religious institutions, 260. 
Rensselaerburg, 99. 
Rensselaerville, 270, 308. 
Republican, Albany, 26, 321, 339. 
Reynolds, Robert, 345. 
Riot at Coxsackie, 337. 
River channel, 264. 

closed, 318, 345. 



Rivei improvement, 24. 
navigation, 294. 
open, 318, 319, 321, 324. 
Robbery, 339, 343. 

singular, 318. 
on Troy road, 11. 
Romeyn, John B., 9. 
Roorback, Capt., 32. 
Ryckman, Peter, 27. 
St. Andrews society, 49, 345. 
St. Mary's Library association, 

345. 
St. Patricks, 324. 

society, 12, 49. 
Sabbath, 120, 136. 

regulations, 157, 163. 
|Sachems of five nations, 186. 
jSager, Thomas, 20, 
jSally, sloop, 225. 
Sampson, Alex., 320. 
Sarachtoga patent, 145. 
Saw mill, 191. 
,Sayl-s, John, 321. 
Schashticoke, 145, 148, 171, 180, 
182, 188, 191, 192, 196, 199, 
204. 

Schenectady, 19, 20, 2.% 243. 
bridge, 9. 
number of families, 

218. 

rail road, 338. 
Schools, 26, 261, 323, 345. 
Schooners, number of, 347. 
Shultz's travels, 242. t 
Schuyler. Abraham, 33. 

'Col. Peter, 175, 177, 

191. 

Johannes, 114. 
Col. Philip, 201. 
hall, 303 
mansion, 8. 
Philip P., 16. 
William, 328. 
Scott, J. W., 41. 
Scows, number of, 347. 
Scudder's museum, 19. 
Second Dutch church, 9. 
Senekas, number of, 221. 
Seymour, gov. 318. 



Index. 



357 



Shakers, 238, 274, 311. 
Shanks, Lieut. 123. 
Shepherd, Robert, 323. 
Shew, Jacob, 320. 
Ship canal, 324. 
Simmons, Rev. G. F., 346. 
Skinner, E. W., 8, 10, 233. 

R. C., 35. 

Slack, Robert F., 324. 
Slavery, 232. 
Sloops, 224, 225. 

Experiment, 17. 
number of, 347. 
passage, 243. 
trade, 101. 

Smith, Archibald, 328. 
Israel, 331. 
Mrs. Wm., 322. 
Snow, 345, 319, 343. 
Society for relief of indigent wo 
men and children (see Ladies 
Society). 
Soil, 254. 

and surface, 298, 299. 
Soldiers, 202, 218. 

barracks, 177. 
of 1812, 321. 
pawns prohibited, 151 

153, 199. 

quartering of, 191, 204 
South wick, Alfred, 107. 
H. C., 40. 
Solomon, 33, 38, 104 

235, 343. 

Spencer, John C., 38 
Spies, 201, 205. 
Spring street, 39. 
Squares, public, 289. 
Staats, Barent, 159, 

Jacob, 127, 165. 
Stages, 266 
Stage to Niagara, 29. 
Stanwix Hall, 260. 
State hall, 260. 

advertised, 21. 
house, old, 260. 
Normal school, 290. 
street, 101. 

Baptist church, 207. 



Statistics, 292, 293, 294, 301. 
team boat, 13, 16, 17, 25, 26, 28, 
32, 34, 101, 263. 
excursion, 337. 
explosion, 333, 334. 
fare, 14, 21. 
first race, 30. 
speed, 16, 25, 32. 
Steamers, number ef, 347. 
Stearns, John, 28. 
Steele, Daniel, 233. 
Lemuel, 346. 
Stephenson, John, 25. 
Streams, 257. 
Streets, 259. 

made regular, 181. 
name changed, 7. 
ordered cleaned, 151, 153, 

179, 

Stockadoes, 126 t 127, 128, 131, 
132, 134, 142, 144, 154, 170. 
174, 178, 184, 195, 202, 203; 
204, 205, 206. 
Stockton, Mrs. Lydia, 323. 
Stone. H. D., 41. 
Store lane, 42. 
Storm, 333, 335. 
Stove manufactures, 294. 
Suicide, 335. 
Sunday free school, 39. 
Surveyors, 182. 
Susquehanna rail road, 338. 
Tarbox sentenced, 325. 
Tate, John A., 322. 
Taverns, 22, 202. 
Taxes, 125, 155, 174, 176,181, 

191, 195, 206, 229. 
Taxable property, 144. 
Taylor, John R., 322. 
Teller, Wm.. 169 r 
Temperance bill, 335. 

meetings, 320. 
societies, 295. 
Ten Bfoeck, Abraham, 22. 
Ten Eyck, Anthony, 346. 

Mrs. Herman, 334. 
Margaret, 333. 
Theater, 319, 321, 325, 343. 
Thermometer, 12, 19, 336, 346. 



358 



Index. 



Thespian hotel, 19. 
Thomas, Thomas, jr., 333. 
Thunder storm. 333. 
Tigers exhibited, 19. 
Todd, Henry, 324. 
Tonnage, 263, 347. 
Torchlight procession, 339, 340. 
Towns in county, 257, 267, 297. 
Townsend, Howard, 338. 

Mrs. Susan, 18. 
Tract society, 346. 
Travel, 266. 
Treasury low, 123. 
Trial for dfebt 1705, 114. 

violating Indian regula- 
tions, 160. 
passage boat, 29. 
Trojan trophy, 37. 
Troops returned, 36. 
Trotter, Matthew, 8. 
Trowbridge, Henry, 21, 26. 

Samuel, 327. 
Troy road, 266. 
Tunnel, 265. 

Turnpike to Montreal, 11, 
Turtle soup, 276. 
Tyger street, 42. 
Typographical society, 49. 
Ulster, 177. 
Union street, 7. 
Unitarian church, 346. 
United Americans, 295. 
University, 291, 320. 
Upfold, George, 39. 
Uranian hall, 26. 
Values, 114. 
Valuation of city, 159, 176, 182. 

195, 229. 

Van Benthuysen, C., 41. 
Van Brugh, Capt. Pr., 203. 
Vance, George, 321. 
Vanderheyden mansion, 260. 
Van Kleeck, L. L., 325. 
Van Rensselaer, 286. 

Hendrik, 171. 

Jeremiah, 10, 24. 

Kilian, 98. 

KilianK., 10, 16. 

Solomon, 7, 35. 



Van Rensselaer, Philip S., 9,10, 

25, 28, 47, 48. 

Stephen, 16, 23, 

28, 267, 314. 

Van Santvoord, Capt. A., 222. 
Rev. Cornelius. 

222. 

Van Schelluyne, Cornelius, 39. 
Van Steenberg, J. B.. 41. 
Van Valkenburgh, 328. 
Van Vechten, Abraham, 28. 
Mrs. 327. 
Teunis, 12. 

Van Wormer, Elsie, 339. 
Van Zandt, Garret, 11. 
Vegetable market, fine, 342. 
Vessels, arrival of, 331, 347. 
Visscher, Bastejan T., 20. 

Joh. Harmense, 170, 

199. 

Volunteers. 13, 36, 193. 
Volkert, Mr., 111. 
Vrooman, Hendrik, 127. 
Wagoners to Schenectady, 243. 
Wait, T. G., 41. 
Walsh, Catharine, 326. 
Wampum, 176, 179. 
Wards, 1836, 258. 
Washington benevolent society, 

49, 234. 
birthday, 322. 
Watch, 18. 
Water courses, 151, 153. 

power, 262, 268, 271. 
Watervliet, 270. 

turnpike, 266, 309. 
Water works, 50. 
Watkins, Rev. John, 34. 
Watson, Lydia, 321. 
Weather table, 336. 
fane, 337. 

Weaver, Abraham, 20. 
Webb Dummer, 14, 322. 
Webster, Charles R., 8, 10, 320. 
George, 10, 233. 
Skinners, 40, 236. 
Wood, 41. 
Wendell, Evert, jr., 166, 167. 
Harmanus, 159,. 



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