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Steam Navigation on the Hudson, - 7 

Lutheran Church, - 46 

Episcopal Church, - 50 

Dutch Reformed Church, 67 

Great Comet of 1680, - * - 95 

Church of Kinderhook, - - 97 

Notes from the Newspapers, - - 100 

Inscriptions in the Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground, 131 

First White Woman in Albany, - - 200 

Eulogy on the Life and Character of Jesse Buel, 201 

Journal of the Rev. John Taylor, - 219 

History of the Third Presbyterian Church, - - 223 

The City Records, 1710 to 1713, - 242 

Form of Judgment Record, 1698, - 292 

Aunt Schuyler House, - 295 

Albany Plums, - 302 

John C. Spencer, - 307 

Old State Hall, - 316 

Annals of the Year 1854, - 319 

Criminal Statistics 1854, - -, 349 

Index, 353 


Map of New Netherland, - - . - - - 1 
JColopile, - --... 7 

Fitch's Steam Boat, 1788, - 10 

First American Locomotive, - - - - 12 

Clermont Steam Boat, --'..- 34 
South America Steam Boat, - - - - -42 
Schoharie Creek and Church, - - - - 61 
Monument to Jesse Buel, - 139 

Portrait of Jesse Bu el, - - - 201 

Third Presbyterian Church, - 223 




All the inventions and improvements of modern times, 
if measured by their effects upon the condition of society, 
sink into insignificance, when compared with the extra- 
ordinary results which have followed the employment of 
steam as a mechanical agent. We may therefore be al- 
lowed to dwell a little upon its early history. 

The force of steam, although it appears to have been 
known before the Christian era, was nearly altogether 
overlooked until within the last two centu- 
ries. The most important application of 
it which appears to have been made by the 
ancients, was in the construction of the in- 
strument which they called ^Eolopile, that 
is, the ball of JEolus. By this contrivance 
a ball was forced out of a cup and suspend- 
ed in the air, the extent of its elevation de- 
pending on the force of the steam. Simi- 
lar philosophic toys were constructed by 
Hero, a Greek residing at Alexandria. 
That so ingenious a people as the Greeks 
should not have been led to a practical 
application of the agent which was so 
exquisitely moulded by Hero into a mechanical power, 
[Annals, vi.] 2 

8 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

may, in all probability, be ascribed to the operation of 
the same causes as those which have thrown a veil of 
deep and impenetrable obscurity on so many of the arts 
of antiquity. 

For many centuries the experiments that continued 
to be made with steam resulted in no useful purpose. 
Some vague speculations are ascribed to the Marquis of 
Worcester about 1660, and, in 1680, Papin, a Frenchman, 
is supposed to have invented the safety valve. He isjthe 
first who speaks of the probability of propelling vessels 
against the wind by means of steam. About 1710 a 
steam machine was used in draining a mine in England, 
and a few years later we learn that steam engines were 
sent from England to Russia; but as yet they were 
used merely to form a vacuum, and are denominated at- 
mospheric engines. During the next twenty years se- 
veral Englishmen made experiments for the propulsion 
of boats by steam. But it was reserved for James Watt 
to conceive that steam might be admitted to depress the 
piston into a vacuum, instead of the atmosphere. Mi- 
nor improvements followed in quick succession, and his 
engines soon acquired a precedence over all others. 
French artisans were also busy with the same idea. In 
1774 the Count d' Auxiron made an experiment with a 
boat on the Seine, but the model was defective in the 
construction of the wheels as well as the perfection of the 
engine, and the boat moved so slowly and irregularly, 
that the company at whose expense the trial had been 
made, considered that the result offered no inducement 
to persevere. 

In 1775. John Fitch, an obscure and unlettered Ameri- 
can mechanic, conceived the project of a steam boat. A 
similar thought had also occurred to a Mr. Henry, of Lan- 
caster, Pa.; and in 1778 the well known Thomas Paine 
had mentioned a similar project to Andrew Elicott, 
famous for his ingenuity. Some of these, and particular- 
ly Fitch, were entirely ignorant that any thing of the kind 
had ever been thought of by any one else. In 1788 Fitch 
applied for and obtained a patent for the application of 
steam to navigation. He had previously made a model 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 9 

of his contrivance and showed it to Gen. Washington, who 
then recollected that a Mr. Rumsey of Viiginia had men- 
tioned the same subject to him in conversation in the win- 
ter of 1784. But Fitch alleges that the model then ex- 
hibited by Rumsey, was a boat to stem the current of 
rapid rivers, by means of wheels, cranks and poles; a 
contrivance which Fitch says had been tried many years 
before either his orRumsey's had been thought of, on the 
Schuylkill, by a farmer near Reading, and failed. Fitch 
claims to have made an experiment in 1783, on the Dela- 
ware, and succeeded in moving a boat by paddles which 
derived their motion from a steam engine. Both Fitch 
and Rumsey were supported by associations of wealthy 
persons who advanced money to make partial experiments 
and to assist in taking out patents in England. It appears 
that in 1786, Rumsey, having procured a patent in Mary- 
land made a trial with his boat, and succeeded in propel- 
ling by steam alone, against the current of the Potomac, at 
the rate of four or Jive miles an hour! His boat was 
about fifty feet in length, and was propelled by a pump, 
worked by steam, which lifted a quantity of water up 
through the keel, and forced it out at the stern, through 
a horizontal trunk in the bottom. The reaction of the 
effluent water carried her at the above rate, when loaded 
with three tons, in addition to the weight of her engine, 
about a third of a ton. The boiler held no more than five 
gallons, and needed only a pint of water at a time, and 
the whole machinery did not occupy a space greater 
than that required for four barrels of flour. The fuel con- 
sumed was about equal to four or six bushels in twelve 
hours. Rumsey had another project, which was to apply 
the power to long poles, and by that means push a boat 
against a rapid current. 

It was not till 1788 that Fitch got ready to make his 
experiment. In that year his boat was launched in the 
Delaware. The annexed engraving will give some idea of 
it. It was moved by twelve paddles, six of which ope- 
rated at a time. The boat performed her trip to Burling- 
ton, a distance of twenty miles : but unfortunately bursted 
her boiler in rounding to the wharf. He procured another 

10 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

Fitch's Steam Boat, 1788. 

toiler, and performed another trip from Trenton to Bur- 
lington and back in the same day. She moved at the 
rate of eight miles an hour, but some parts of the ma- 
chinery were continually breaking, and the unhappy 
projector only conquered one difficulty to encounter 
another. Perhaps this was not owing to any defect in his 
plans, but to theTlow state of the arts at that time, and 
the difficulty of getting such complex machinery made 
with proper exactness. Both these Americans, and in- 
deed most of the European experimenters, labored under 
the disadvantage of imperfect models to make their ex- 
periments with ; their machines being the productions of 
inexperienced workmen, laboring with improper and in- 
efficient instruments. Little else than failure could be 
anticipated of the best conceived engines under such cir- 

A host of ingenious men in England with Watt at their 
head, were now lending their energies to perfect the steam 
engine, with a view to applying it to manufacturing pur- 
poses. The great improvements introduced by Ark- 
wright and Cartwright in spinning and weaving cotton, 
gave employment to a great number of engines and their 
demand for various purposes was increasing. The Ame- 
rican experimenters were engaged in applying it to the pro- 
pulsion of boats and land carriages. Among the latter 
were Fitch, Rumsey, Evans, Stevens, Livingston and 

The project of Genevois, to impel boats by an oar, 
after the model of those exhibited by nature, was revived 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 11 

by the Earl of Stanhope, in England, in 1795 the paddles, 
made to open and shut like the feet of a duck, were placed 
under the quarters of the vessel; the engine which gave 
them motion was of great power, and acted on machinery 
that produced a horizontal stroke; but notwithstanding 
the diminution of surface which was produced by the con- 
formation of the oars, the reaction of their being drawn 
backwards was so great, that the flat bottomed vessel 
with which the experiment was made, did not move with- 
a velocity exceeding three miles an hour. 

In the year 1797 Chancellor Livingston made some ex- 
periments in building a steam boat on the Hudson, with 
the assistance of a person of the name of Nisbet, who 
came from England for the purpose. Livingston applied 
to the legislature of the state of New York, for a privi- 
lege to navigate boats by fire or steam, in order to idem- 
nify him for the great outlay, in case he should be suc- 
cessful. It produced much merriment at the time and was 
considered the humbug of the day. The idea of navigat- 
ing the Huds'on by steam was treated as a legitimate sub- 
ject for ridicule, and when the members were in a humor- 
ous mood they would call up the steam boat bill, that 
they might divert themselves at the expense of the pro- 
ject and its advocates. A bill was passed, however, 
granting him the privileges he asked, on condition that 
he produced a vessel within a year whose progress 
should not be less than four miles an hour. The experi- 
mental boat of thirty tons burden, propelled by a steam 
engine, being on trial found incompetent to fulfill the con- 
dition of the grant, it became obsolete, and Livingston 
gave up the project. 

In the mean time the ingenious Oliver Evans, whom un- 
toward circumstances prevented from carrying his plan 
into effect until 1804, produced a practicable steam boat. 
While an apprentice he had conceived the idea of pro- 
ducing power from steam, being entirely ignorant that any 
experiments had ever been made on the subject. After 
laboring some time without success to apply the power, 
he met with a work describing the old atmospheric en- 
gine, and was astonished to observe that they had so far 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 13 

erred as to use the steam only to form a vacuum ; to ap- 
ply the mere pressure of the atmosphere, instead of ap- 
plying the elastic power of the steam for original motion; 
a power which he supposed was irresistible. In 1786, he 
had so far satisfied himself of the feasibility of his plans, 
as to be induced to apply to the legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania for the exclusive right to use his improvements in 
flour mills and steam wagons in that state. The com- 
mittee, he says, heard him very patiently while he de- 
scribed the mill improvements, but his representations 
concerning steam wagons made them think him insane. 
They protected the mill improvements, but took no notice 
of the steam wagons. He endeavored during several 
years to find some one to furnish capital to build a steam 
wagon, showing his models and drawings, and explain- 
ing his views of steam; but could find no one who would 
risk the experiment ; indeed very few could understand 
his principles. At length, in 1804, the board of health 
of Philadelphia ordered him to build a machine for clean- 
ing docks. This presented him an opportunity to show 
that his engine could propel both land and water car- 
riages. When the work was done, it consisted of a large 
scow, with an engine of five horse power on board, to 
work the machinery to raise the mud into lighters. 
Wheels were put under this with wooden axles; and 
though the weight was equal to two hundred barrels of 
flour, and the whole prepared for this temporary purpose, 
and attended with great friction, the burden was trans- 
ported to the Schuylkill, one mile and a half, with ease. 
Here a paddle wheel was fixed at the stern and it was 
taken down the river to the Delaware, and up that river 
to the city. Evans, who was a clever man with a plain 
name, considering that a sounding cognomen would do 
no harm to a simple machine, christened his mud scraper 
the Oruktor Amphibolos. She was thirty feet long and 
twelve broad, with a chain of buckets to bring up 
the mud, and drew nineteen inches of water. The ex* 
hibition was sufficient to show that it was practicable 
to navigate the river by steam, but the time for it had 
not yet come. His engine was on the high pressure 

14 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

principle, of a construction different from any other at 
that time known. 

A Mr. Samuel Jackson who lived on the Mississippi, 
met with Evans about the year 1785, and in a subse- 
quent correspondence declared that at that time Evans 
had described to him the principles of the steam engine, 
and also explained to him his plan for propelling boats 
with paddle wheels, describing the very kind of wheels now 
used for this purpose; and that he then declared his in> 
tention of applying his engine to this particular object, as 
soon as his pecuniary circumstances would permit! Un- 
fortunately, Evans never found a capitalist to assist his 
experiments, as was the case with Watt and Fulton. 

Evans too had rivals to dispute even his secondary 
claims to invention. A Mr. John Stevens of Hoboken 
had been some time occupied in making experiments to 
apply steam of a high temperature, by generating it in 
a boiler formed of copper tubes, each about one inch in 
diameter, and two feet long, inserted at each end into a 
brass plate; these plates were closed at each end of the 
pipes by a strong cap of cast iron or brass, leaving the 
space of an inch or two between the plates. The ne- 
cessary supply of water was ejected by means of a for- 
cing pump at one end: one of these boilers, six feet long, 
two feet deep and four feet wide, exposed four hundred 
feet of surface in the most advantageous manner to the 
fire. Stevens said his object was to form a machine 
adapted more immediately to the propelling of a boat, 
He procured one of Watt's engines, and in May 1804 made 
an experiment with a boat twenty*ft ve feet long and five 
wide. It had the velocity of four miles an hour; and 
after repeated trials, his son undertook to cross in her 
from Hoboken to New York; but unfortunately when the 
boat had nearly reached the warf, the steam pipe gave 
way, having been put on with soft solder. This boiler 
being damaged the next one was constructed with tub s 
placed vertically. The engine was kept agoing a few 
weeks, making excursions of two or three miles up and 
down the river; for a short distance he could sail it at 
the rate of about seven rnJJes an hour. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 15 

Stevens went no further with his experiment, and 
Evans also stopped with this exhibition. In discussing 
their claims, Evans declared,, that he had spent two 
thousand dollars on his project; Stevens lamented that 
he had been "twenty years of his life on his, and spent 
twenty thousand dollars, without deriving a shilling bene- 
fit." Stevens thought some of Evans's projects absurd: 
Evans retorted, "that the colonel's setting hm self up as 
an obstacle to his improvements, had done more to 
perpetuate his (the colonel's) memory than his twenty 
years' hard work, and the loss of his twenty thousand 
dollars." Be that as it may, although in their lives their 
schemes were opposed, our respect to their memories 
shall not be divided, and they shall together enjoy all 
the immortality which our brief notice can confer upon 


The next attempt to construct a steam boat was 
successfully made by Fulton. In the course of his long 
residence abroad he had turned his attention to this sub- 
ject, and gathered drawings and descriptions of all the 
contrivances of his predecessors. At Paris he met with 
Mr. Robert Livingston, who has been before mentioned, 
and it was agreed between them to embark in the enter- 
prise. Fulton accordingly began a course of experiments 
on a small stream, with a set of models he had construct- 
ed for the purpose; the results of which gave him strong 
assurance of success. During the time Fulton was en- 
gaged in these experiments, a Mons. des Blanes, who had 
made experiments with a boat on the Soane, deposited 
a model of his apparatus in the Repository of Machines 
at Paris. In this he used a horizontal cylinder, by which 
endless chains, with resisting boards on them, were to be 
worked from stem to stern along side of the vessel. 
Being satisfied with the results of his experiments, he re- 
solved to try them on a large scale, and commenced 
building a boat for the purpose on the Seine. During 
the construction of this vessel Des Blanes called the public 

16 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

attention to Fulton's operations as an invasion of his 
patent, and addressed a remonstrance to Fulton himself 
on the subject. In reply Fulton explained that his boat 
was to be propelled by wheejs. not by chains. Fulton's 
boat was completed early in the spring of 1803, and in 
August the experiment was made before a great con- 
course of spectators; and its success was such as to in- 
duce him to order an engine of Watt & Bolton to be sent 
to New York, to which place he prepared to return in 
order to introduce his invention on the American waters. 
During the building of the engine he visited Scotland 
and inspected Symington's steam boat on the Forth and 
Clyde canal. 

Mr. Livingston,* who was engaged with Fulton in these 
experiments at Paris, wrote immediately after this expe- 
riment to his friends in this country, and through their 
interference, an act was passed by the legislature of the 
state of New- York, on the fifth of April, eighteen hund- 
red and three, by which the rights and exclusive privi- 
leges of navigating all the waters of this state, by vessels 
propelled by fire or steam, granted to Mr. Livingston by 
the act of seventeen hundred and ninety-eight, were ex- 
tended to Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton for the term of 
twenty years from the date of the new act. By this law, 
the time for producing proof of the practicability of pro- 
pelling by steam a boat of twenty tons capacity, at the 
rate of four miles an hour, with and against the ordinary 
current of the Hudson, was extended two years. And 
by a subsequent law, the time was enlarged to April, 
eighteen hundred arid seven. 

Very soon after Mr. Fulton's arrival in this city, he 
commenced building his first American boat: while she 
was constructing, he found that her expenses would 
greatly exceed his calculation. He endeavored to lessen 
the pressure on his own finances, by offering onerthird 
of the exclusive right which was secured to him and Mr. 
Livingston by the laws of New York, and of his patent 
rights, for a proportionate contribution to the expense. 

*Colden's Life of Fulton, p. 165, et seq. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 17 

He made this offer to several gentlemen, and it was very 
generally known that he had made such propositions; 
but no one was then willing to afford this aid to his En- 
terprise; although, afterwards, so many eagerly grasped 
at his profits, and. with little principle and little con- 
science, endeavored to rob his children of the only 
patrimony he had lefc them. 

In the spring of eighteen hundred and seven, the first 
Fulton boat, built in this country, was launched from 
the ship yards of Charles Brown, on the East river. 
The engine from England was put on board of her ; in 
August she was completed, and was moved by her ma- 
chinery from her berthplace to the Jersey shore. 

Mr. Livingston and Mr. Fulton had invited their 
friends to witness the trial. Nothing could exceed the sur- 
prise and admiration of all who witnessed the experi- 
ment. The minds of the most incredulous were changed 
in a few minutes. Before the boat had made the pro- 
gress of a quarter of a mile, the greatest unbeliever must 
have been converted. The man who, while he looked 
on the expensive machine, thanked his stars that he had 
more wisdom than to waste his money on such idle 
schemes, changed the expression of his features as the 
boat moved from the wharf and gained her speed; his 
complacent smile gradually stiffened into an expression 
of wonder. The jeers of the ignorant, who had neither 
sense nor feeling enough to suppress their contemptuous 
ridicule and rude jokes, were silenced for a moment by a 
vulgar astonishment, which deprived them of the power 
of utterance, till the triumph of genius extorted from the 
incredulous multitude which crowded the shores, shouts 
and acclamations of congratulation and applause. 

The boat had not been long under way, when Fulton 
ordered her engine to be stopped. Though her perform- 
ance so far exceeded the expectations of every other per- 
son, and no one but himself thought she could be im- 
proved, he immediately perceived that there was an error 
in the construction of her water-wheels. He had their 
diameter lessened, so that the buckets took less hold of 
the water, and when they were again put in motion, it 

18 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

was manifest that the alteration had increased the speed 
of the boat. It may well be said, that the man of genius 
and knowledge has a sense beyond those -which are com- 
mon to others, or that he sees with different eyes. How 
many would have gazed on these ill-proportioned wheels, 
without perceiving that they were imperfect. 

This boat, which was called the Clermont, soon after 
sailed from a dock near the state prison, for Albany. 
It is announced in the newspapers of that date, that the 
boat built by Messrs. Livingston and Fulton, with a view 
to the navigation of the Mississippi river, from New 
Orleans upwards, would depart for Albany in the after- 
noon. Indeed, this was according to the general im- 
pression at the time. For though the performance of 
this boat had been witnessed in the harbor, yet it was 
not conceived that steam boats could be employed as 
packet boats between New York and Albany. It is proba- 
ble that the present success of this mode of navigation, 
exceeds what was the expectation of Mr. Fulton himself. 
For though, from the calculations made by him in Paris, 
he concluded that a steam boat might be made to run 
with a speed exceeding what had yet been attained, yet 
the experiment in France, and the velocity of the Cler- 
mont, fell so far short of his estimates, that it is very 
probable he may have had doubts, after she was put in 
operation, as to the entire accuracy of his calculations. 
But every successive experiment showed him, that there 
were faults in the fabrication of his machinery, and not 
in his calculations. 

From the time the first boat was put in motion till the 
death of Mr. Fulton, the art of navigating by steam was 
fast advancing to that perfection of which he believed it 
capable: for some time the boat performed each succes- 
sive passage with increased speed, and every year im- 
provements were made. The last boat built by him was 
invariably the best, the most convenient, and the swift- 

The Clermont on her first voyage arrived at her desti- 
nation without any accident. She excited the astonish- 
ment of the inhabitants of the shores of the Hudson 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 19 

many of whom had not heard even of an engine, much 
less of a steajn boat. There were many descriptions of 
the effects of her first appearance upon the people of the 
banks of the river: some of these were ridiculous, but 
some of them were of such a character, as nothing but 
an object of real grandeur could have excited. She was 
described by some who had indistinctly seen her passing 
in the night, to those who had not had a view of her, as 
a monster moving on the waters, defying the winds and 
tide, and breathing flames and smoke. 

She had the most terrific appearance, from other ves- 
sels which were navigating the river, when she was 
making her passage. The first steam boats, as others 
yet do, used dry pine wood for fuel, which sends forth a 
column of ignited vapor many feet above the flue, and, 
whenever the fire is stirred, a galaxy of sparks fly off, 
and in the night have a very brilliant and beautiful ap- 
pearance. This uncommon light first attracted the at- 
tention of the crews of other vessels. Notwithstanding 
the wind and tide were adverse to its approach, they 
saw with astonishment that it was rapidly coming to- 
wards them ; and when it came so near as that the noise- 
of the machinery and paddles were heard, the crews (if 
what was said in the newspapers of the time be true) in 
some instances shrunk beneath their decks from the 
terrific sight, and left their vessels to go on shore, while 
others prostrated themselves, and besought Providence 
to protect them from the approaches of the horrible 
monster, which was marching on the tides and lighting 
its path by the fires which it vomited. 

Mr. Fulton was himself a passenger on this voyage, 
and upon his return published an account of it, which, 
deserves to be preserved. It is as follows: 

" To the Editor of the American Citizen: 

"Sir, I arrived this afternoon, at four o'clock, in the 
steam boat from Albany. As the success of my experi- 
ment gives me great hopes that such boats may be 
rendered of great importance to my country, to prevent 
erroneous opinions*, and give some satisfaction to the 

[Annals, vi.] & 

20 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

friends of useful improvements, you will have the good- 
ness to publish the following statement of facts. 

" I left New York, on Monday, at one o'clock, and 
arrived at Clermont, the seat of Chancellor Livingston, 
at one o'clock on Tuesday time twenty-four hours 
distance one hundred and ten miles. On Wednesday I 
departed from the Chancellor's, at nine in the morning, 
and arrived at Albany at five in the afternoon distance 
forty miles time eight hours. The sum is one hundred 
and fifty miles in thirty-two hours equal to near five 
miles an hour. 

" On Thursday, at nine o'clock in the morning, I left 
Albany, and arrived at the Chancellor's at six in the 
evening: I started from thence at seven, and arrived in 
New York at four in the afternoon time thirty hours 
space run through one hundred and fifty miles equal to 
five miles an hour. Throughout iny whole way, both 
going and returning, the wind was ahead: no advantage 
could be derived from my sails : the whole has therefore 
been performed by the power of the steam-engine. 

"I am, sir, your obedient serv't, ROBERT FULTON." 

He gives the following account of the same voyage in 
a letter to his friend, Mr. Barlow: 

"My steamboat voyage, to Albany and back, has 
turned out rather more favorable than I had calculated. 
The distance from New- York to Albany is one hundred 
and fifty miles: I ran it up in thirty-two hours, and 
down in thirty. I had a light breeze against me the 
whole way, both going and coming, and the voyage has 
been performed wholly by the power of the steam-engine. 
I overtook many sloops and schooners beating to wind- 
ward, and parted with them as if they had been at anchor. 

" The power of propelling boats by steam is now fully 
proved. The morning I left New- York, there were not 
perhaps thirty persons in the city, who believed that the 
boat would ever move one mile an hour, or be of the 
least utility; and while we were putting off from the 
wharf, which was crowded with spectators, I heard a 
number of sarcastic remarks. This is the way in which 

Steam Xavig.<tion on the Hudson. 21 

ignorant men compliment what they call philosophers and 

" Having employed much time, money, and zeal, in 
accomplishing this work, it gives me, as it will you, great 
pleasure to see it fully answer my expectations. It will 
give a cheap and quick conveyance to the merchandise 
on the Mississippi, Missouri, and other great rivers, 
which are now laying open their treasures to the enter- 
prise of our countrymen : and although the prospect of 
personal emolument has been some inducement to me, 
yet I feel infinitely more pleasure, in reflecting on the 
immense advantage that my country will derive from the 

Soon after this successful voyage, the Hudson boat 
was advertised and established as a regular passage boat 
between New York and Albany. She, however, in the 
course of the season, met with several accidents; so 
many, that those who had been forced to believe that she 
would succeed, began to return to their former increduli- 
ty. It was not wonderful that this first machine should 
have many imperfections; the greatest of which was, 
having her water-wheel shafts of cast iron, which was 
insufficient to sustain the great power applied to them. 
The wheels also were hung without any support for the 
outward end of the shaft, which is now supplied by what 
are called the wheel guards. It was obvious that the 
wheels were likely to give way for want of this simple 
addition. No one could have seen the operation of the 
boat without perceiving that this was a defect, and the 
remedy must immediately have suggested itself to any 
mechanic; yet many have claimed the invention of this 
improvement, and have really seemed to think it more 
merit rious than all Mr. Fulton had done. Colden. 

Mr. Colden gives but a part of Fulton's letter to Mr. 
Barlow. We subjoin the remainder, to show the zeal 
with which he pursued another scheme, which he erro- 
neously regarded as of more importance than steam boats. 

" However, I will not admit that it is half so import- 
ant as the torpedo system of defence and attack: for out 

22 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

of this will grow the liberty of the seas; an object of 
infinite importance to the welfare of America and every 
civilized country. But thousands of witnesses have seen . 
my steam boat in rapid movement, and they believe: they 
have not seen a ship of war destroyed by a torpedo, and 
they do not believe. We can not expect people in gene- 
ral will have a knowledge of physics, or power of mind 
sufficient to combine ideas, and reason from causes to 
effects. But in case we have war, and the enemy's ships 
come into our waters if the government will give me 
reasonable means of action, I will soon convince the 
world, that we have surer and cheaper modes of defense 
than they are aware of. 

Yours, c., ROBERT FULTON." 

The reader will not fail to remark the enthusiasm and 
confidence with which Mr. Fulton speaks of the torpedo 
invention, and the superiority which he awards to it over 
his successful test of the power of propelling boats by 
steam. This was undoubtedly the combined result of 
patriotic and inventive enthusiasm, if we may so describe 
it. The "liberty of the seas" and our national rights, 
then invaded by a naval power and prowess deemed to be 
impregnable through ordinary means, were objects of the 
highest solicitude to every lover of his country; and to 
none more so than to him, who had devoted all his facul- 
ties to discoveries and inventions designed not only to 
facilitate the intercourse and promote the happiness of 
mankind, but to recover and establish the "liberty of the 
seas" and the rights of the feeble against the encroach- 
ments of the powerful. But how vast the change since 
the hand of Fulton penned this brief but significant epis- 
tle! The "torpedo system" expired with its author too 
soon, alas, cut off from a world he had so much benefit- 
ted! With it, "the liberty of the seas" has been con- 
quered mainly by what was then among the weakest of 
the maritime nations. And the mighty agent steam, then 
regarded by the great projector as secondary, traversing 
the world, has wrought revolutions more extended and 
more important than could have been conceived by the 
most farseeing and enthusiastic. Albany Argus. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 23 


The following account of the first trip of the Clermont 
was furnished by JOHN Q. WILSON, Esq., who is the only 
survivor of the twenty four passengers that accompanied 
FULTON on that memorable occasion; an occasion sur- 
passing in its importance to the world, the voyage of 
Hudson, and second only to that of Columbus in its- 
eifect upon posterity. 

The narrative of Judge Wilson is as follows : 

It may be of some interest to the present generation' 
to have a correct account of the first boat built by Fulton 
and Livingston, on her first trip as a passage vessel, by 
one who was then a passenger. 

The writer of this article resided in New York, and 
was often in the ship yard when Mr. Fulton was build- 
ing his first boat. She was a queer looking craft, and 
like every new thing excited much attention, and not a' 
little ridicule. When she was launched and the steara 
engine placed in her, that also was looked upon of a 
piece with the boat built to float it. In those days, the 
operations of the steam engine were but little known. A 
few had seen the one for raising the Manhattan water, 
but to the people at large the thing was a hidden mys- 
tery. Curiosity was now greatly excited ; when it was 
announced in the New York papers, that the boat would 
start from the foot of Court! and Street at half past six 
o'clock on Friday morning, the 4th of September, and 
take passengers to Albany, there was a broad smile on 
every face, as the inquiry was made if any one would be 
fool-hardy enough to go. A friend of the writer of this 
article, hearing that he intended to venture, accosted him 
jn the street : " John, will thee risk thy life in such a con- 
pern ? I tell thee she is the most fearful wild fowl living, 
and thy father ought to restrain thee." 

When Friday morning came, the wharves, piers, 
house-tops, and every " coigne of vantage" from which 
a sight could be obtained, were filled with spectators. 
There were twelve berths, and every one was taken, 
fare was $7. All tlje jnacjiinery of the boat was 

24 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

fully exposed to view; the water and balance wheels 
were entirely uncovered; the periphery of the balance 
wheels was of cast iron some four inches or more square, 
and ran just clear of the water. The weight of both 
tne water and balance wheels was sustained by the shafts, 
which projected over the sides of the vessel. There 
were no outside guards. The forward part of the boat 
was covered by a deck, which afforded shelter for t^he 
men employed in navigating the boat. The after part 
was fitted up in a rough manner for passengers; the en* 
trance into the cabin was from the stern, in front of the 
steersman, who worked a tiller the same as in an ordinary 
sloop. Thick, black smoke issued from the chimney, 
steam hissed from every illfitted valve and crevice of the 
engine. Fulton himself was there; his remarkably clear 
and sharp voice was heard above the hum of the multi- 
tude and the noise of the engine. All his actions were 
confident and decided, unheeding the fearfulness of some, 
and the doubts and sarcasms of others. In the whole 
scene combined, there was an individuality and an in- 
terest, which, like "love's young dream," comes but 
once, and is remembered forever. 

The time set for the departure of the boat arrived, 
some of the machinery still requiring to be adjusted, 
there was a delay. Some of the passengers said in 
Fulton's hearing, they feared that the voyage would prove 
a failure. He replied, "gentlemen, you need not be un 
easy ; you shall be in Albany before twelve o'clock to- 

When every thing was ready, the engine was started, 
the boat moved steadily, but slowly from the wharf. As 
she turned upfthe river and was fairly under weigh, there 
arose such a "huzza as ten thousand throats never gave 
before. The passengers returned the cheer, but Fulton 
stood erect upon the deck, his eye flashed with an un- 
earthly brilliancy, as he surveyed the crowd. He felt 
that the magic wand of success was waving over him, 
and he was silent. 

It was agreed that a kind of log book should be kept; 
Gerrit H. Van Wagenen was designated to give the time, 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 25 

and the writer of this article to set it down. At the 
termination of the voyage the following paper was drawn 
up and signed by all the passengers, and published in the 
Albany Register of Tuesday, Sept. 8, 1807, 

On Friday morning at 18 minutes before 7 o'clock, the north 
river steam boat left New York; landed one passenger at Tarry- 
town (25 miles), and arrived at Newburgh (68 miles) at 4 o'clock 
in the afternoon; landed one passenger there, and arrived at 
Clermont (100 miles), where two passengers, one of whom was 
Mr. Fulton, were landed at 15 minutes before 2 o'clock in the 
morning; and arrived at Allmny at 27 minutes past 11 o'clock, 
making the whole time twenty-eight hours and forty -Jive minutes ; 
distance 150 miles. 

The wind was favorable, but light from Verplank's point to 
Wappinger's creek (40 miles); the remainder of the way it was 
ahead, or there was a dead calm. 

The subscribers, passengers on board of this boat, on her 
first passage as a packet, think it but justice to state, that the ac- 
commodations and conveniences on board exceeded their most 
sanguine expectations. 

Selah Strong, George Wetmore, 

G. H. Van Wagenen, William S. Hicks, 

Thomas Wallace, J. Bowman, 

John Q. Wilson, J. Crane, 

John P. Anthony, James Braiden, 

Dennis H. Doyle, Stephen N. Rowan. 

Albany, Sept. 5, 1807. 

When coming up Haverstraw bay, a man in a skiff lay 
waiting for us. His appearance indicated a miller: the 
paddle wheels had very naturally attracted his attention; 
he asked permission to come on board. Fulton ordered 
a line to be thrown to him, and he was drawn alongside, 
He said he -"did not know about a mill going up stream, 
and came to inquire about it," One of the passengers, 
an Irishman, seeing through the simple minded miller at 
a glance, became his Cicerone; showed him all the ma- 
chinery, and the contrivances by which one wheel could 
be thrown out of geer when the mill was required to 
come about, after finishing the examination, said he, 
"that will do; now show me the mill-stones." "0," 
said the other, " that is a secret which the master," point- 
ing to Fultolj, " has not told us yet; but when welcome 

26 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

back frem Albany with a load of corn, then if you come 
on board, you will see the meal fly." Dennis kept his 
countenance and the miller left. 

As we passed West Point the whole garrison was out, 
and cheered us as we passed. At Newburgh it seemed 
as if all Orange county had collected there j the whole 
side-hill city seemed animated with life. Every sail boat 
and water-craft was out; the ferry-boat from Fishkill 
was filled with ladies; Fulton was engaged in seeing a 
passenger landed, and did not observe the boat until she 
bore up nearly alongside. The flapping of a sail arrested 
his attention, and, as he turned, the waving of so many 
handkerchiefs, and the smiles of bright and happy faces, 
struck him with surprise. He raised his hat, and ex- 
claimed, *' that is the finest sight we have seen yet. ? * 


A correspondent of the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser 
communicated the following anecdote of the Clermont 
and her builder. There is some discrepancy about that 
part of it which relates to the receipt by Fulton of the 
first money; as the passengers on the voyage up, we are 
told by Judge Wilson, paid their fare to Fulton person- 
ally. Therefore, if the statement is correct, the pas* 
senger must have gone down on the trial trip, which was 
made in the latter part of August, without passengers, 
of which an account has been given on a previous page 
by Golden and the two letters of Fulton. 

" Some twenty years since, more or less for J can not 
fix the date with more certainty -I formed a traveling 
acquaintance, upon a steam boat on the Hudson river, 
with a gentleman, who, on that occasion, related to me 
some incidents of the first voyage of Fulton, to Albany, 
in his steamboat, the Clermont. which I have never met 
with elsewhere. The gentleman's name I have lost; but 
I urged him, at the time, to publish what he related; 
which, however, so far as I know, he has never done. I 
have several times repeated the facts as they were told 
to me, and have been often requested to secure them 
from oblivion by giving them to the press t 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 27 

*' I chanced, said my narrator, to be at Albany, on 
business, when Fulton arrived there, in his unheard of 
craft, which everybody felt so much interest in seeing. 
Being ready to leave, and hearing that this craft was to 
return to New York, I repaired on board and inquired 
for Mr. Fulton. I was referred to the cabin, and I there 
found a plain, gentlemanly man, wholly alone, and enga- 
ged in writing. "Mr. Fulton, I presume?" ''Yes, sir." 
"Do you return to New York with this boat?" "We 
shall try to get back, sir." "Can I have a passage 
down?" ''You can take your chance with us, sir." 
I inquired the amount to be paid, and after a mo- 
ment's hesitation a sum, I think six dollars, was named. 
The amount, in coin, I laid in his open hand, and with 
his eye fixed upon it he remained so long motionless that 
I suppossed there might be a miscount, and said to him, 
is that right, sir? This roused him as from a kind of re- 
very, and as he looked up at me the big tear was brim- 
ming in his eye, and his voice faltered as he said, "Ex- 
cuse me, sir; but memory was busy as I contemplated 
this, the first pecuniary reward I have ever received for 
all my exertions in adapting steam to navigation. I 
would gladly commemorate the occasion over a bottle of 
wine with you, but really I am too poor, even for that, 
just now; yet I trust we may meet again, when this will 
not be so." 

"The voyage to New York was successful, as all know, 
arid terminated without accident. Some four years after 
this, w r heri the Clermont had been greatly improved, and 
her name changed to The North River, and when two 
other boats, namely, The Car of Neptune and the Para- 
gon had been built, making Mr. Fulton's fleet three boats 
regularly plying between New York and Albany, I took 
passage upon one of these for the latter city. The cabin, 
in that da} r , was below; and as I walked its length, to 
and fro, I saw I was very closely observed by one I sup- 
posed a stranger. Soon, howevei, I recalled the features 
of Mr. Fulton; hut, without disclosing this, I continued 
my walk and awaited the result. At length, in passing 
his seat, our eyes met, when he sprang to his feet, and 

28 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

eagerly seizing my hand, exclaimed, "I knew it must be 
you, for your features have never escaped me; and 
though I am still far from rich, yet I may venture that bot- 
tle, now." It was ordered, and during its discussion Mr. 
Fulton ran rapidly but vividly over his experience of the 
world's coldness and sneers, and of the hopes, fears, dis- 
appointments and difficulties that were scattered through 
his whole career of discovery, up to the very point of his 
final crowning triumph, at which he so fully felt he had 
at last arrived. "And in reviewing all these," said he, 
" I have again and again recalled the occasion and the inci- 
dent of our first interview at Albany; and never have I 
done so without its renewing, in my mind, the vivid emo- 
tions it originally caused. That seemed, and still does 
seem to me, the turning point in my destiny the divid- 
ing line between light and darkness, in my career upon 
earth ; for it was the first actual recognition of my use- 
fulness to my fellow men." 

"Such, then, were the events coupled with the very 
dawn of steam navigation a dawn so recent as to be re- 
membered by many and such as Fulton, there related 
them, were the early appreciations, by the world, of a 
discovery which has invaded all waters, causing a revolu- 
tion in navigation which has almost literally brought the 
very ends of the earth in contact.' 5 

And thus, on the waters of the Hudson, was first made 
that successful experiment which resulted so gloriously, 
and which placed Fulton high on the roll of fame; and 
here was launched the pioneer of that host of floating 
palaces that now enliven every navigable river in the 
land, and plough the waters of every sea that glitters 
beneath the circling sun. 

THE CLERMONT was 100 feet long, 12 feet wide, 7 feet 
deep. In 1808, she was lengthened to 150 feet, widened 
to 18 feet, and had her name changed to North River. 

The engine was constructed in England, by Watt 
Bolton, and brought to New York, December, 1806, by 
Mr. Fulton. The hull of the boat was built by David 
Brome, an eminent ship builder in New York. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 29 

An account of the progress of steam navigation on 
this river, with which our city is so intimately identified, 
and a history of the boats themselves, and the experi- 
ments of the energetic men who built and controlled 
them, since the days of Fulton, would fill a volume. 
Unfortunately the materials are not at hand from which 
to prepare even an article that would be at all complete 
and satisfactory on this subject. It is to be regretted 
that no one familiar with the subject has yet stepped 
forward to do the work. To Robert L. Stevens of New 
York, we are more indebted than to any other man, for 
improvements in steam boats. His experiments and the 
energy and untiring assiduity with which he prosecuted 
his plans, contributed in a great degree towards placing 
the steamers of the Hudson first among all others in the 
world. He, therefore, it may be, should have written 
the history of steam navigation on the Hudson. A re- 
cord of the names and hour of departure of all the steam 
boats sailing from this port, and the disasters on the river, 
has been kept in the office of the Peoples Line in this 
city, for several years, which will be serviceable to such 
as may have occasion to gather facts. We glean from 
the papers of the day a few items of interest in relation 
to the first boats. 


The first advertisement of the steam boat in the Albany 
Gazet'e is dated Sept. 2, 1807. The time promised was 
performed with great punctuality. 

The North River steam boat will leave Paulus Hook ferry 
[now Jersoy city] on Friday, the 4th of September, at 9 in the 
morning, and arrive at Albany on Saturday, at 9 in the afternoon. 

Provisions, good berths arid accommodations are provided. 

The charge to each passenger is as follows: 

To Newburg, $3 time 14 honrs. 

Poughkeepsie, 4 " 17 " 

Ksopns, 5 " 20 " 

Hudson, 5i < ; 30 " 

Albany, 7 " 36 

80 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

For places, apply to Wm. Vamlervoort, No. 48 Courtland St., 
on the corner of Greenwich. Way passengers to Tarrytown, 
&c.. &c.. will apply to the Captain on hoard. 

The steam boat will leave Albany on Monday the 7th of 
September at 9 o'clock in the morning, and arrive at New York 
on Tuesday at 9 in the evening. 

She will leave New York on Wednesday morning at 9, and 
arrive at Albany on Thursday at 9 in the evening. 

She will leave Albany on Friday morning at 9, and arrive at 
New York on Saturday evening at 9; thus performing two voy- 
ages from Albany and one from New York within the week. 

On Monday the 14th and Friday the 18th, she will leave 
New York at 9 in the morning, and Albany on the 16th at 9 in 
the morning, after which the arrangements for her departure 
will be announced. 

For passage apply at the Tontine Coffee House, Stebbins's 
Stage House, or to the Captain on board, where a book will be 
kept to enter names." 

True enough, the steam boat arrived as announced 
above, and made her landing at the foot of Lydius street. 
The post over which the hawser was habitually thrown 
for several years is now superseded by a city lamp post, 
at the steam boat landing, near the foot of Lydius street. 
The city of Albany will be subject to reproach till she 
erects a monument to Fulton in the Steam Boat Square. 
Is there one so unmindful of the prosperity that has 
followed the invention of steam navigation, in which as a 
citizen of Albany he is a participant, as to grudge his 
mite to the work ! 

In a supplement to the Gazette of Sept. 7th, in an 
obscure corner, is the following notice of that important 
event, the arrival of the first steam boat: 

This morning at 6 o'clock, Mr Fulton's steam boat left the 
ferry stairs at Courtland street dock, for Albany. She is to 
make her passage in '36 hours from the lime of her departure, 
touching at Newburg, Poughkeepsie, Esopus and Hudson, on 
her way. [The steam boat arrived at Albany on Saturday after- 
noon, and this morning at 9 o'clock again departed lor New- 
York with about forty ladies and gentlemen.] 

Thus commenced the career of the steam boats, which 
have reigned supreme over the waters of the Hudson 
nearly fifty years. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 31 

But in the same number of the Gazette, more conspicu- 
ously given, is the following communication of some person 
who wished to detract from the glory of the achievement. 

Messrs. Printers: Having had a cursory view of the 
boat, whose oars or water wheels, which is the same 
thing, are set in motion by a costly steam engine, the 
compound machinery of which fills almost the whole 
vessel, I could not, considering the expenses of its build- 
ing, the consumption of fuel, and the hands necessary 
to work it, resist a smile, by comparing it with the dis- 
covery of Mr. Delatue d' Elbeuf, a Frenchman, which 
has been published twenty years ago in Lichtenbergh's 
Magazine of Physic, 2d vol., second piece, Gotha, 1787, 
where he describes very minutely the construction of a 
boat twenty feet long, and six feet wide, explained with 
a copperplate, which is worked along with eight wheels 
by four men; and which, it is asserted, will make its 
passage in 16 or 17 hours, through 100 French leagues 
(300 miles) distance. The middle of the boat is entirely 
occupied with a stately room for passengers, and every 
one can see that by making the machinery a little more 
compound it may be worked along with less hands, and 
labor, and no danger whatever is therein to be appre- 
hended. J. G. K. 

Albany, August 22, 1807. 

A similar boat to the above was built to run between 
Albany and Troy, propelled by a tread- wheel. A heavy 
man was employed as the motor; when he became tired, 
the passengers were invited to take a turn at the 
wheel ! 

The Clermont continued her trips with great exactitude 
jtill the first of October, on which day it was announced in 
the New York Evening Post that the steam boat had 
arrived from Albany in twenty eight hours, with sixty 
passengers ! The same paper of the 2d Oct. contained 
the following notice: 

Mr. Fulton's newly invented steam boat, which is fitted up in 
a neat style for passengers, and is intended to run from New 
York to Albany as a packet, left here this morning with ninety 

[Annals, vi.] 4 

32 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

passengers against a strong head wind, notwithstanding which it 
was judged that she moved through the water at the rate of six 
miles prr hour. 

Six miles an hour! What a triumph of speed! The 
ninety passengers had a different experience on that trip, 
as we learn from the Gazette of October 6th. The 
little Clermont, which was about as large as a modern 
canal boat, was subjected to a complication of disasters. 

In consequence of the nonarrival of the steam boat at the ex- 
pected hour on Saturday evening, and the violent gale on the 
river the whole of Friday and the night following, great fears 
were entertained lest she had met with some accident; and as 
the whole of Sunday passed away without her arrival or any 
tidings of her, those fears were almost converted into realities 
of some fatal disaster. At 10 o'clock last evening, however, all 
apprehension was removed by her safe arrival; and the follow- 
ing communication from a number of respectable gentlemen, 
passengers, giving an account of the occurrences which took 
place from the time of her leaving New York, can not fail of 
being highly acceptable to the public: 

We the subscribers, passengers on board the steam boat, on 
her passage from New York to Albany, on the 2d of October, 
conceive it to be a duty we owe the public as well as the pro- 
prietor of the boat, to give a correct statement of the occurren- 
ces which caused her late arrival at the latter place. 

We left New York at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of the2d inst. 
against a strong tide, very rough water, a strong gale from the 
north; she made a headway beyond the most sanguine expecta- 
tion, and without being rocked by -the waves. The gale in 
creased, the tide became more urgent, and at the distance of 
twelve miles from New York, her headway was checked; we 
cast anchor and laid to over night. 

Oct 3. This morning, after proceeding six miles, run fotd of 
a small sloop at anchor, through the mismanagement of one of 
the pilots, which tore away one of her paddle wheels. Having 
now a force only on one side, we determined if she was 
manageable, to continue our course, and at nine o'clock again 
got under way. Our expectations were fully gratified by the 
trial. At Tarryto^n we were detained a long time on account 
of passengers. This evening we were also detained, being 
under the necessity of replenishing her with bread, water, &c. 

Oct. 4. This day were detained again for a considerable time, 
at Chancellor Livingston's; and at Hudson were obliged to pro- 
cure a new biipply of coals for fuel. Aivived here at 10 o'clock 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 33 

this evening; making the time from where the accident happen- 
ed, which was eii>hteen miles from New York, 37 hours. We 
were detained at least 4k hours, making the passage from that 
place, with one padd.e wheel, against a strong uninterrupted 
wind, in 32k hours. Albany, Oct. 4, 1807. 

Gerard Steddiford, Samuel Sutterlee Jr. 

John Brinckerhoff, Ira Scott, 

Jno. J. Staples, C. White, 

L. Bloodgood, H. Galpin, 

E. Weeks, Amos Ketchum, 

Andrew iMercem, P. W. Gansevoort, 

Henry R Teller, Elias Hoffman, 

Chris. C. Yates, Daniel McDonald. 

H. Ketchum, 

The loss of the wheel was remedied as soon as possible 
by attaching buckets to the fly wheel, and she made one 
or two trips in that condition. The imperfectly con- 
structed paddle wheels were frequently crippled by acci- 
dents, and then the fly wheel was called upon to do 
double duty. Although the time promised in the adver- 
tisements was thirty-six hours, her trips were usually 
performed in less than thirty. We find in the American 
Citizen the following advertisement: 

THE STEAMBOAT Being thoroughly repaired and arranged 
for passengers, with a private dressing room for ladies, it is in- 
tended to run her as a packet between New- York and Albany, 
for the remainder of the season. She will leave New York 
exactly at nine o'clock in the morning, and always perform her 
voyage in from 30 to 36 hours. 

It was then the steam boat, indeed; no other'floated on 
any of the waters of the world, and profoundly did the 
good folk admire at the courage of those who ventured 
to trust themselves to the perilous enterprise. It was 
a prodigious advance upon previous modes of convey nee, 
when the trip from one city to the other was actually 
accomplished in thirty-six hours with certainty, instead 
of three days by the lumbering stage coach, or an in- 
definite time, sometimes extending to a couple of weeks, 
by the tub-like sloop. There were a few who had faith 
in the invention, and foresaw dimly its grand results; 
of these was the writer in the Evening Post of Oct. 4, 


Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

Among thousands who viewed the scene, permit a spectator 
to express his gratification at the sight this morning of the 
steam boat proceeding on her trip to Albany on a wind and 
swell of tide which appeared to bid defiance to every attempt 
to perform the voyage. The steam boat appeared to glide as 
easy and rapidly as though it were calm, and the machinery 
was not in the least impeded by the waves of the Hudson, the. 
wheels moving with their usual velocity and effect. 

The experiment of this day removes every doubt hitherto 
entertained of the practicability of the steam boat being able to 
work in rough weather. Without being over sanguine, we may 
safely assert that the principles of this important discovery will 
be applied to the improvement of packets and passage boats, 
which for certainty, safety, expedition and accommodation, will 
far surpass anything hitherto attempted. The invention is 
highly honorable to Mr. Fulton, and reflects infinite credit on 
the genius of our country. 

The Clermont. 

Such were the doings of steam boats forty-seven years 
ago, and they were considered as wonderful in the ex- 
treme. Now \?e step on board of a boat at seven o'clock 
in the evening, and by four or five in the morning we 
arrive at New York. Who can conceive what the next 
fifty years will accomplish, and what in the year 1900 
will be the running time on the noble Hudson! 

Time has justified the vision of this seer, and gone 
infinitely further than the promise. Could the veil of the 
" to come " have been lifted before the eyes of the prophet 

Steam Navigation on tht Hudson. 35 

and the log book of the ocean steamer, or the time-table 
of a railway train been presented to him, how incon- 
ceivable must have been his astonishment. How short 
the time it takes now-a-days to work wonders ! 

In the spring the steam boat made her appearance 
promptly. The Gazette of the 28th April has the fol- 
lowing announcement : 

The steam boat arrived last evening from New York, and 
sailed again at ten o'clock this morning. She is fitted up in a 
very superior style of accommodation. 

She was now remodeled and enlarged, and advertised 
to leave New York every Saturday evening at 5 o'clock, 
and Albany every Wednesday morning at 8 o'clock. Her 
accommodations were ample for over a hundred passen- 
gers, and the number of travelers at that day may have 
required only a trip a week. The people were yet ac~ 
customed to travel in their own conveyances, and to go 
from home less frequently than now, either for pleasure 
or profit, 

The Bee, printed at Hudson, gives the following 
unique account of the Clermont. 

The steam boat is certainly an interesting curiosity to stran- 
gers. To see this large and apparently unwieldly machine, 
without oars or sails, propelled through the element by invisible 
agency, at a rate of four miles an hour, would be a novelty in 
iany quarter of the globe, as we understand there is none in 
Europe that has succeeded on the plan* upon which this is con- 
structed. The length of the boat is one hundred and sixty feet, 
and her width in proportion, so as not to impede her sailing. 
The machine which moves her wheels, is called, we believe, a 
twenty horse machine, or equal to the power of so many horses, 
and is kepi in motion by steam from a copper boiler eight or 
ten feet in length. The wheels are on each side similar to those 
of water mills, and under cover; they are moved backwards or 
forwards, separately or together at pleasure. Her principal ad- 
vantage is in calms, or against head winds. When the wind is 
fair, light square sails are employed to increase her speed. Her 
accommodations, fifty berths, besides sofas, ^-c., are said to be 
equal or superior to any vessel that floats on the river, and are 
necessarily extensive, as all the space unoccupied by the ma- 
chinery is fitted in the most convenient manner. Her route, 
between New York and Albany, is a distance of 160 miles, 

36 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

which she performs regularly twice a week, sometimes in the 
short period of thirty-two hours, exclusive of detention by taking 
in and landing passengers. On her passage last week, she left 
New York with one hundred passengers, upwards, and Albany 
with eighty or ninety. Indeed this aquatic stage from Albany, 
with the Experiment from this city, bid fair to attach the greatest 
part of the travelers which pass the Hudson, and afford them 
accommodations not exceeded in any other part of the world. 

The Experiment which is spoken of above in con- 
nection with this aquatic stage, was a sloop, the account 
of which is not only apropros to our purpose, but of 
sufficient interest to admit of being introduced here. 


In the year 1800, merchants residing a hundred miles 
or more distant from New York, and distant from the 
North river ten or fifteen miles, sent their bed and bed- 
ding to the landing from which they were to sail for the 
city, by a team, and themselves followed on horseback. 
At the landing, their bed, &c., was placed on board the 
sloop that conveyed their produce to market, and by it 
they took passage for the city. The horse was put to 
pasture or in the stable until their return, when the 
owner rode him home ; and by the team that went for 
the merchandise the bed and bedding were returne.d. 
Such was the convenience of traveling at that day. 

In November, 1800, five gentlemen associated them- 
selves together for the purpose "of rendering the passage 
between Hudson and New York by water more expedi- 
tious, convenient and pleasant, to ladies and gentlemen 
traveling north and south through the state of New 
York, as well as to promote the interest of those con- 
cerned" (as expressed in the words of the agreement), 
by building a packet of one hundred and ten tons burthen, 
for the purpose of carrying passengers only. To accom- 
plish this object they bound themselves to each other to 
furnish the sum of $6,000. .In accordance with this 
agreement, the superior packet sloop Experiment was 
built, and superbly fitted up with state rooms and berths, 
her whole length below decks, for the accommodation of 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 37 

passengers, and performed the passage between New York 
and Hudson in an unprecedented short space of time. 

In January 1807, some new names were added to the 
original subscribers, and a further agreement entered 
into to build another packet of the same class and for 
like purposes, to accomplish which the subscriptions 
were increased to twelve thousand dollars. This packet, 
like the first, was fitted up in style, and placed with the 
other on the North river; and at the time the two cre- 
ated quite an excitement. We have before us a bill and 
receipt for a passage on board one of these vessels dated 
forty four years ago. It is somewhat formal, and we 
give it at length as a curiosity, as it shows the manner 
in which -things were done on the North river at that 
day. The passage referred to was performed in twenty- 
seven hours : 

Sloop EXPERIMENT, Lnban Paddock master, for the accommo- 
dation of passengers on the North River, will sail from Hudson 
every Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock, and from New York 
every Saturday evening at 6 o'clock. And the sloop EXPERI- 
MENT, Elihu S. Bunker master, for the same purpose, will sail 
from Hudson every Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, and 1'rom 
New York every Wednesday evening jat 5 o'clock throughout 
the season. 

On board the EXPERIMENT, Capt. Laban Paddock. > 
May 2, 1810. $ 

Dr., I P , Dollars Cts. 

For passage and provisions from Hudson to New 

York 5-00 


Maderla Wine , 

Port do , ; 

Sherry do , 

Porter * 


Punch . . . , , . 

Received payment in full, ABISHA JrahfttrlU! ' i 

In connection with the sloop Experiment was a pro- 
ject by the same parties to run a horse boat on the North 
river from Hudson to Albany, uniting at the former 

38 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

place with the sloops. This appears from articles of 
agreement entered into by the parties, which are now 
before us. This experiment was made in 1810, and 
proved a failure. There is reason to suppose the sloops 
proved profitable at first, but they were driven from the 
river by the steam boats. They were sold and a final 
settlement of their accounts made in February, 1813, 


In 1807, Fulton made his successful passage to Albany 
by steam, and in 1810 the old North River steam boat was 
performing the distance between Albany and New York 
professedly in 36 hours, though occasionally making the 
trip in eight or ten hours less; and Oliver "Evans, of 
Philadelphia, was predicting that the person was then 
living who would see the distance between Philadelphia 
and Boston accomplished in three days. This individual 
was many years in advance of the age in which he lived, 
He finally died in New York about the year 1819. 

The old North River boat, in her original construction, 
had a strange appearance. Her water wheels were with* 
out houses as at the present day ; and cross-heads con- 
nected with the piston, instead of the walking-beam now 
in general use. The countryman, when he first saw her 
from Hudson, told his wife he had seen the devil going 
to Albany in a saw mill. 

After the North River, the Car of Neptune was built, 
the Richmond, the Paragon, the Chancellor Kent, and 
others. Afterwards, lines were formed to New Bruns- 
wick, New Haven, and Providence, and to Charleston 
and New Orleans; and at a later period, from Liverpool 
to Boston and New York, and from New York to Bre* 
men. Recently, Collins's splendid line of steamers from 
New York to Liverpool have commenced their trips. In 
the meantime, the Mississippi and the great lakes are 
alive with steamers ; and lines are forming to connect 
with other European cities. Rail roads are threading the 
country in every direction, even to competition with the 
North river. What is to be the end, for steam is vet 
but in its infancy? 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 39 


Steam boats on the North river first performed their 
trips with wood. Lackawana coal was afterwards in- 
troduced, by which the expense of fuel was reduced from 
$150 a trip to $30. This was the commencement of a 
new era in steamboating. 


The following reminiscence was published in the Morn- 
ing Express newspaper in 1851 : 

In going onr usual rounds this morning, our attention was di- 
rected to a boat, but a trifle longer than our canal boats, lying 
at the foot of State street bridge, laden with coal We were told, 
that it was the hull of the steam boat Henry Eckford, which in 
by-gone days was a passenger boat on the Hudson river, and 
in those days was looked upon as a magnificent vessel. If our 
memory serves us correctly, she first made her appearance 
about 1819 or 1820. She was built by the Messrs. Mowatts, of 
New York, under the auspices of the late Charles Smyth, who 
was the fafher of steairi towing transportation lines. In that 
as in other enterprises Mr. Smyth shook the bush for others 
to catch the birds. After running as a steam tug between this 
city and New York, until the huisness had become so large as 
to require a more powerful boat, she was kept in New York to 
tow vessels about the harbor, and finally in 1840, her boiler ex- 
ploded while lying at the dock. 


The steam boat Fulton was placed on the line in 1814. 
She had been built to run on the East river, but the 
danger of capture by British cruisers, induced the pro- 
prietors to run her on this river until that danger was 
over. She ran in opposition to the old line, which was 
then in the full tide of successful operation. The boats 
of the latter consisted of the North River, Car of Neptune 
and Paragon. The following advertisement of her run- 
ning arrangements is taken from the Albany Argus of 
May, 1814. The accommodations, where not on a very 
extensive scale but rather select, as they advertised to 
carry sixty passengers at ten dollars each, which paid 
quite as well as a thousand now at twenty-five cents ! 

40 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

The public are respectfully informed that the subscriber has 
commenced miming the steam boat FULTON, between the cities 
of'Nevv York and Albany, for the accommodation of passengers. 

This boat was built for the purpose of plying between New 
York and New Haven, but will be employed on the Hudson 
river, until a cessation of hostilities enables the proprietors to 
put her on her destined route. 

The Fulton has good accommodations find is a very swift boat. 
The complement of passengers is limited to 60, and the price of 
passage therefore necessarily raised to Ten Dollars. 

She will start from Albany every Monday morning at 9 o'clock. 
and from New York every Friday morning, at the same hour. 

For passage apply on board at Steam Boat dock. 


Albany, May 16, 1814. 

Captain Bunker died on the 4th of August, 1847, 
aged 75. 


In 1826, the steamboat Commerce, Capt. Geo. E. Sey- 
mour, towed the safety barge Lady Clinton^ while the 
Swiftsure performed the same honor to the Lady Van 
Rensselaer. For safety and comfort, these barges were 
perhaps unrivaled. Lacking speed, however, they soon 
became unfashionable and went out of use. 


The following list embraces all the passage boats built 
and running for any considerable time on the Hudson 
river between New York and Albany, since the intro- 
duction of steam navigation by Fulton in 1807. 

built. Name of Boat. Tons. Remarks. 

1807. Clermont ........... -- Name changed to N. River. 

1808. North Hiver .......... 165. Broken up. 

1809. Car of Neptune ....... 295. Sunk. 

1811. Hope ............... 280. Broken up. 

1811. Perseverance ........ 280. do. 

1811. Paragon ............. 331. Sunk, 1825. 

1813. Richmond ........... 370. Broken up. 

1814. Fulton .............. 327. do. 

1815. Olive Branch ........ 295. do. 

1816. Chancellor Livingston. . fc 26. do. 
1819. Henry Eckford.. ..... -- do. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 41 

Name of Boat. Tons. Remarks. 

James Kent 364. Broken up. 

Hudson . . 170, do. 

Sandusky 289. Towing. 

Constitution 276. Now Indiana, towing* 

Constellation 276. Tow barge. 

Chief Justice Marshall. 300. Lost on L. I. Sound. 

Saratoga 250. Tow barge. 

Sun 280. Burnt 1831. 

New Philadelphia .... 300. Runs on Delaware. 

Albany 298 Broken up. 

Independence 368. On Philadelphia route. 

North America 49.. Destroyed by ice, 1839. 

Victory 290. Sunk, 1845. 

De Witt Clinton 571. Tow barte. 

Ohio 412. do. 

Novelty , .... 477. Broken up. 

Champlain 4V 1. Tow barge. 

Erie 472. do. 

Helen Destroyed, 1834. 

Robert L Stevens .... 298. Runs to Saugerties. 

Rochester 491. Broken up. 

Swallow 426. Sunk, 1845. 

Utica 340. Runs to Catskill. 

Diamond 398. Broken up. 

Balloon 204. Gone South. 

North America 491. Runs to Rondout. 

South America 640. Runs to Hudson. 

Troy 724. Runs to Troy. 

Columbia 391. Runs to Hudson. 

Rainbow 230. Towing. 

Curtis Peck On James river. 

Empire 936. f-'unk. 

Knickerbocker 858. East river. 

Belle 430. Towing. 

Express 288. Gone South. 

Niagara 730. Towing. 

Rip Van Winkle 510. Runs to Albany. 

Hendrik Hudson .... 1170 do. 

Oregon 1050. Hauled off. 

Alida 900. Runs to Albany. 

Isaac Newton 1400. do. 

New World 1400. Hauled off. 

Manhattan 500. Runs to Albany. 

Reindeer 1000. Burnt. 

Ilero 75. Runs to Albany. 

42 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 

Besides the foregoing, a great many boats have been run 
for a short time as opposition boats, or taken the place 
of other boats during the time required for repairs. 
Among them may be mentioned the ill-fated Henry Clay, 
the Armenia, Iron Witch, Eureka, &c. 


The South America. 

Among the boats which have been most noted for 
speed and popularity is the South America. In her day, 
she was acknowledged to be unsurpassed in beauty of 
finish, accommodation, economy in fuel and adaptation to 
her business. She was run at the rate of 21 miles per 
hour, and her friends asserted that when the opportunity 
presented she would prove herself the fastest boat in the 

The length of the steam boat South America was 266 
feet; breadth, 27 feet; depth of hold, 9 feet 6 inches; 
tonnage, 640 tons. 

The engine was built by James Cunningham, with an 
improved half stroke, an invention of his own, which 
proved itself to be superior to any other mode of cutting 
'off steam, and has, since its introduction in the South 
America, been adopted by a number of boats plying on 
the Hudson, and Long Island Sound. Her cylinder was 
54 inches in diameter; length of stroke, 11 feet; her main 
water wheel shafts were of wrought iron, and 15 inches 
in diameter, and were forged at the West Point foundry, 
at Cold Spring, N. Y. 

She had two improved boilers, also made by James 
Cunningham, which were models for economy and dura- 
bility. The consumption of fuel was one ton of anthra- 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 43 

cite coal per hour, which was burned by the use of a blast 
from blowers driven by small engines, entirely uncon- 
nected from the main engine. 

The hull was built by D. Burtis & Co. The whole 
construction and fitting out was done under the imme- 
diate direction and supervision of Isaac Newton, Esq., of 
New York city, at the cost of $83,000. 

She had in her main cabin, below, 294 berths, 54 in 
the ladies saloon, which was 81 feet in length, on the main 
deck aft, and 46 in a route of 20 state rooms, on the 
upper deck; this, together with the berths assigned the 
officers and crew (amounting to 44 in all), afforded sleep- 
ing accommodations for about 450 persons. 

Perhaps there is nothing that has improved so greatly 
as boat building within the last twenty or thirty years. 
Its progression has been so rapid, that we scarcely can 
conceive the strides it has made in that period. Our 
steamers are now floating palaces, costing in their con- 
struction from $80,000 to $200,000, and furnished in a 
style of magnificence never excelled by the craft of any 
other section of the Union. And the progressive spirit, 
it will be readily observed, is not confined to the arrange- 
ment of boats as to comfort and splendor, but it is visible 
in the speed with which they accomplish their specified 
distance of travel. Steam fairly wafts them along, and 
nine hours occupied in coming from New York to this 
city is accounted as only an ordinary trip. Ev. Journal. 

But the opening of the Hudson River rail road, and 
the transit from New- York to Albany in the short 
space of four hours, produced a new era in the annals of 
travel. The steam boats had reigned supreme over the 
noble waters of the Hudson for forty-four years. The 
coincidence of the times and seasons for the commence- 
ment of steam navigation and "of steam travel by rail on 
the river is striking. And the contrast of the time and 
fare table with that now used on the rail road is quite as 

[Amials, vi.] 5 

44 Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 


The following account of the first voyage of the Cler- 
mont is to "be found in the Autobiography of Vincent 
Nolte, a Frenchman. It is inserted here for the purpose 
of showing how little some writers' eyes and memories are 
to be relied upon for a correct account of what they wit- 
ness. Mons. Nolte describes the event in this wise: 

It was exactly at this time, Aug. 1807, that I, then staying at 
one of the most celebrated boarding houses in the city of New 
York, the Widow Gallop's on Broadway, while engaged in 
making my preparations for departure, "by mere chance, at 
breakfast, made the acquaintance of a gentleman who was just 
about to give the world the first example of steam navigation. 
The reader will readily guess that I am now referring to Robert 
Fulton, and his newly-built steamer Clermont, constructed by 
him at his own expense. It was then a topic in the mouth of 
every body, as the attempt he proposed in a short time to make 
to carry his plan into execution, was the object of univeisal 
curiosity. My new acquaintance wanted me to be present, and 
witness the departure of his steam boat, which was to take 
place from the bank of the Hudson river at 12 o'clock; and, 
indeed it did not require much persuasion to induce me to 
accede to this request. So I saw this curious and wonderful 
structure 130 feet in length, 16 feet broad, 7 feet depth of hold, 
rating 160 tons, as it had been described, and containing about 
450 passengers* leave the wharf as the clock struck twelve, 
make right for the middle of the stream, and describe a circle 
three times in succession. Then, defying the force of the wind 
and the waves alike, it dashed gallantly along its way to 
Albany, as though the most favorable breeze were filling its sails. 
A vociferous cheer arose from the thousands assembled on both 
banks of the Hudson to witness, with their own eyes, the reality 
of this truly grand experiment, and its brilliant success. 

The large steam vessel previously described, was named after 
Clermont, the country-seat of his friend, the Chancellor Livings- 
ton. It reached Clermont, at a distance of 110 miles, within 
twenty-four hours, left that point again at nine o'clock, on the 
next morning, and arrived at Albany some forty seven miles 
farther in about eight hours. It had thus made nearly five 
miles per hour against wind and current. This steam boat 
was the first that its owner began to employ to a practical 
purpose and valuable result. 

* Mons. Nolte may have seen 450 persons on the boat, before it 
cast off, if so many could have stood on the deck. 

Steam Navigation on the Hudson. 



The steamers of the Hudson are the fleetest and most 
beautiful boats in the world. In Europe the steamboats 
make but little better time than the steam ships their 
average being from twelve to fifteen miles per hour. A 
first class North river boat will do you eighteen and 
twenty-two. The New World has done the distance 
between New York and Poughkeepsie, eighty miles, in- 
side of four hours landings included. The Reindeer, on 
Wednesday, reached this city in a little over eight hours 
after leaving New York, making all the usual landings, 
and wrestling with a freshet equal to four miles an hour. 
Such speed is unknown on any other river in the world. 
The magnificence and comfort of our boats are unri- 
valed. The English stearn boat is made for service rather 
than beauty. To obtain safety, they sacrifice not only 
speed, but comfort. Mirrors are superseded by staun- 
cheons, and ottomans by braces and clamps. As we 
mentioned before, the last sample of our skill is the pro- 
duction of the Reindeer a steamer whose goaheadi- 
tiveness and finish may challenge comparison with any- 
thing that swims, beginning with a naiad and leaving off 
with a dolphin. Knickerbocker. 



From O'Callaghan's Documentary History, vol. iii. 


To the Rt Honble Myn Heer Anthony Colve Governr 

General of N. Netherland. 

Those of the Augsburgh Confession represent with due 
respect that your Petitioners are ordered in cases of the 
burial of their dead, to pay the Sexton (Aanspreecker*) 
of the Reformed Church notwithstanding they employ 
their own Sexton, as lately happened, one of theirs having 
seized goods by execution and sold the same at public 
auction: And the Petitioners remark that they fully pay 
all taxes assessments, excise and all others whatever they 
may be called; Yea they endeavor to pay also their own 
poor: They are therefore, as they consider, not in the 
least subject to such charges but on the contrary ought 
to enjoy their ^religious) exercises and Divine Service 
free and unconstrained, for which they have a written 
grant from the late Honbl e Governour Lovelace copy of 
which is hereunto annexed. 

It is also well known to all that Mr. Roosenboom hath 
addressed a petition on that subject to the HonbP Heer 
General abovenamed, to be favored therein; which peti- 
tion had no result, but the Heer Laval being come up, said 
in full Court in date the 7th November 1672 he had au- 
thority as to Roosenboom's Petition Let the Dead bury 
their Dead; for with what free conscience can your Pre- 
centor go and act for the Lutherans, for they have more 
ceremonies than the Reformed. Whereupon at that time 
he had no more to say, and it was as well. 

* Literally, " The person sent around with invitations to a funeral ;" 
a custom stil 1 in prac t ' ' in some of the older settlements of this state. 
We render the word, "Sexton," being the nearest approach we can 
find to the original. 

Lutheran Church. 47 

Wherefore your Petitioners for aforesaid reasons ap- 
proach your Honour requesting most humbly that they 
may enjoy what they have been granted, and as Your 
Petitioners Brethren at N. Orange enjoy the same, that 
they futher may bury their dead without notifying Mr* 
Roosenboom, but employ their own Sexton and no one 
else. Whereupon they expect a favorable answer. 
Your Honors 

Affectionate Subjects 



Permit and Suffer the Bearer hereof, Domine Bernardus 
Arensius, to Passe from hence to Albany with his neces- 
saryes in the Sloope whereof Claes Tysen is Master, and 
to Officiate there as Pastor of the Augustine or Lutheran 
Congregation, as formerly under the English Government, 
without any manner of Lett, hindrance or molestacon 
whatsoever Given under my hand and Scale in New 
Yorke, the 6th day of November 1674. 



Extraordinary Court held at Albany 

11 March 

The Court met at the request of D e Gideon Schaets, 
accompanied by the W: Consistory, who complains that 
Myndert Frederickse Smitt came to his house and told 
him the Dom e never to presume to speak to any of his 
Children on religious matters ; and that he the Dom e went 
sneaking through all the houses like the Devil; adding, 
Our Domine (meaning Dom: Bernardus, Minister of the 
Lutheran Congregation) does not do so. 

48 Lutheran Church. 

Dom : Schaets further complains that Myndert Frede- 
rickse's wife grievously abused & calumniated him behind 
his back at Gabriel Thomson's house, as an old Rogue, 
Sneak &ca. and that if she had him by the pate, she should 
drag his gray hairs out of it ; which the Domine offered to 
prove by witnesses. 

Whereupon Myndert Frederickse & wife are sent for to 
Court and Dom Schaets accusation is read to Myndert 
who denies it all declaring that he had not given the Do- 
mine an ill word. 

Pietertje, wife of Myndert Frederickse denies having 
abused Dom: Schaets as a rogue & sneak; but that the 
Domine hath abused her religion as a Devilish Religion. 

Hend. Rooseboom sworn, says that he was at Gabriel 
Thomson's last Monday when Pietertie, Myndert Fre- 
derickse's wife entered, and wishing to go away was 
called back by Gabriel and conversing on the Subject of 
Dom: Schaets and her daughter, she said What business 
hath Dom: Schaets to question mine daughter? To this 
Gabr said Why should he not do so? The Domine does 
well to question people. Whereupon Pietertie said, 
Dom. Schaets, the old Rogue & Sneak; had she been by 
she should have caught him by the grey pate adding he 

ought to look to his daughter the W e and take care of 

her To which Gabriel replied, Meutie, why say that & 
scold the Domine so ? who answered him You damned 
dog! you protect whores & knaves. 

Cornelis Teunise Swart being sworn, says he was also 
at Gabriel Thomson's last Tuesday when Pietertie Myn- 
dert Frederickse's wife came in and enquired for her 
daughter, who not being there, she was going away but 
Gabriel called her back and said sit awhile Meutie; and 
being in conversation about Dom: Schaets wishing to 
question her daughter she said she had, herself, a teacher 
to do so that if she had the old rogue, she would take 
him by the grey pate, and further knoweth not. 

Mr Sherrif Pretty requests their Worships that he may 
act herein, to institute his action at a more convenient 

The W. Court postpone the matter to the next Court 

Lutheran Church 49 

day to act then on the merits. Meanwhile if parties can 
be reconciled, (through Respect for the Divine) they were 
particularly recommended to do so, saving the Sheriffs 
action & costs. 

Albany 12 March 16|g. 

Mynd 1 Fredericksen and his wife appear before their 
Worships of the Court, requesting that they may be re- 
conciled in love & friendship with Dom : Schaets as they 
have been with Gabriel. Whereupon their W: re- 
commended him to call Dom: Schaets which being imme- 
diately done ; 

Dom : Schaets appearing before their Worships is asked 
if he were willing to be Reconciled with the aforesaid 
persons? who answers, Yes, on condition that they both 
acknowledge him an honourable man, and that they know 
nought of him except what is honest & virtuous (always 
excepting the Dispute out of which this case arose, namely 
Universal Grace being no political question*), also 
the Sheriff's claim 

Whereupon Myndert aforesaid & his wife acknowledge 
the Domine in open court to be an honest man, and that 
they know nought of him except all honour & virtue and 
are willing to bear all the costs hereof, also to settle with 
the Sheriff 

N. B. It is settled by And: Teller and for 6 Beavers 
and 6 cans of wine 

* This is explained by the following testimony in another case . 
"Hans Dreper further says, that Gabriel's wi^e stated that D- 3 Schaeta 
gaid at ter house that whoever taught that Christ died alike for all 
men, taught a false and devilish Poctrine," 



From O'Callaghan's Documentary History, vol. iii. 


Rev. Thomas Barclay to the Secretary of the Society 
for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. 

Albany Sept 26 1710. 

Honoured Sir: As I did begin from my first coming to 
Albany, so I go on to catechise the youth, and it hath 
pleased God to bless my weak endeavours that way, for 
a great many Dutch children, who at my first arrival 
were altogether ignorant of the English tongue, can dis- 
tinctly say our catechism, and make the responses at 
prayers. Every Sunday, after the second lesson at 
evening prayer, I explain some part of the catechism in 
as plain and familiar a manner as I can, shunning all 
controversies, teaching them such fundamental doctrines 
as are necessary and tend most to promote piety and a 
good life. I have taught the scholars the prayers ap- 
pointed for charity schools, and I have used all possible 
methods to engage the children to their duty, both by 
the giving of small presents to the most forward and 
diligent, and by frequently visiting their schools : and for 
encouraging the school masters, I give them what charity 
is collected in our church, obliging them to bring their 
scholars to public prayers. 

At Schenectady I preach once a month, where there'is 
a garrison of forty soldiers, besides about sixteen English 
and about one hundred Dutch families; they are all of 
them my constant hearers. I have this summer got an 
English school erected amongst them, and in a short time, 
I hope, their children will be fit for catechising. Sche- 
nectady is a village situated on a pleasant river, twenty 
English miles above Albany, and the first castle of the In- 
dians is twenty four miles above Schenectady. In this vil- 
lage there has been no Dutch minister these five years and 

Episcopal Church. 51 

there is no probability of any being settled among them. 
There is a convenient and well built church which they 
freely gave me the use of. I have taken pains to shew 
them the agreement of the articles of our church with 
theirs. I hope in some time to bring them not only to 
be constant hearers, but communicants. 

Mr. Lydius, the minister of the Dutch congregation at 
Albany, died the 1st day of March last. He was a good 
pious man, and lived in entire friendship with me; sent 
his own children to be catechised. At present there is 
. no Dutch minister at Albany, neither is any expected 'till 
next summer ; and from New York tc the utmost bounds 
of my parish, there is no minister but myself: most of 
the inhabitants are Dutch, the garrison excepted, which 
consists of three companies, each company one hundred 
men. In the city and county of Albany there are about 
three thousand souls, besides the garrison; in the mean 
time some of the Dutch children I have baptized, and 
married several, and other parts of the service I have 
performed in the Dutch tongue, and more of them would 
accept my ministry: but that Mr, De Bois, a minister of 
the Dutch congregation of New York, comes sometimes 
to Albany; he is a hot man, and an enemy to our church, 
but a friend to his purse, for he has large contributions 
from this place, As for myself I take no money, and 
have no kind of perquisite. I have used all moderation 
towards dissenters in this country. There is none but 
those of the Dutch church, and I have found two only 
not baptized, the one born in West Jersey and bred a 
Quaker, him I have brought over to our church, and 
christened him the first day of this year; the other is an 
old England man, but of a loose life; so soon as I can 
bring him off from his wicked courses, I design to bap- 
tize him. 

Since the death of Mr. Lydius, the Indians have no 
ministers ; there are about thirty communicants, and of 
the Dutch church, but so ignorant and scandalous, that 
they can scarce be reputed Christians. The sachems of the 
five nations, viz: of the Masque, Oneydas, Onnondages, 
Cayougas, and Senekas, at a meting with our governor, 

52 Episcopal Church. 

Col. Hunter, at Albany the I Oth August last, when his 
excellency in his speech to them asked them if they were 
of the same mind with those four Indians that had been 
over with Col. Schuyler in desiring missionaries to be 
sent and they answered that they were, and desired to 
have forts built among them and a church, and that Mr. 
Freeman, present minister of the Dutch congregation at 
Flatbush, near New York, be one of those two mission- 
aries which the queen promised to send them. This Mr. 
Freeman, five years ago was minister of Schenectady, 
and converted several of the Indians ; he has acquired 
more skill in their language than any Dutch minister 
that has been in this country, and Mr. Dellius is not so 
well skilled in that tongue, a great part of our liturgy he 
has translated into the Indian tongue, in particular 
morning and evening prayer, the litany, the creed of St. 
Athanasius, &c., besides several places of the Old and 
New Testament. He told me when he read to them the 
litany, they were mightily affected with it. He is a 
gentleman of a good temper, and well affected to our 
church, and if there were a bishop in this part of the 
world, would be persuaded to take Episcopal ordination. 
I often entreat him to go over to England, but he is 
afraid of the danger of the voyage, and his wife will not 
consent to live among the Indians; he has promised to 
give me his manuscripts, and what he has done into the 
Indian tongue. 

I am sorry to tell you, Sir, that I am afraid the mis- 
sionaries that are coming over, will find hard work of it, 
and if the commander of that fort be not a person of 
singular piety and virtue, all their endeavours will be 
ineffectual; these, here, that trade with them, are loath 
that any religion get any footing among them; besides, 
these savages are so given to drinking of that nasty 
liquor rum, that they are lost to all that is good. I must 
tell you that the Masque, of whom one of the four that 
were lately in England was a sachem, have not above 
fifty men. All the five nations cannot make two thou- 
sand, and of these, in number, the Senekas, are near one 
thousand, and most of them are in the French interest. 

Episcopal Church. 53 

Hendrick the great prince that was honoured so in Eng- 
land, cannot command ten men; the other three were not 
Sachems. How far her majesty and the society have 
been imposed upon, I leave it to you to judge. I beg 
leave also to tell you, that the missionaries that are sent 
over, must have an honourable allowance and large pre- 
sents to give, otherwise they will have but few proselytes ; 
and great care must be taken that they be well used, 
otherwise their mission will prove ineffectual a; Mr. 
Moor's, and how he defeated the designs of his mission, 
Col. Schuyler best knows. 

I have now worried you with a long letter, and shall 
only add, that I shall be always ready to follow the di- 
rections of the society, and to endeavour all that in me 
lieth to propagate religion where it is not, and cultivate 
it where it is established. 


The Rev. THOROUGHGOOD MOOR was the earliest Church 
of England clergyman in these parts, after the Rev. Mr. 
Talbot's short stay. He arrived at New York in 1704, 
and proceeded thence to Albany, as Missionary to the 
Mohawks. Owing to the influence of the fur traders, 
his efforts to convert the heathen were entirely without 
fruit, and he returned to N. York. He went next to 
P-.i'lington N. J., where he was so scandalized at the in- 
decent conduct of Ld. Cornbury and his Lt. Gov., that 
he refused to admit the latter to the Lord's Supper. 
For this he was imprisoned, but having contrived to es- 
cape from jail, he embarked for England. The ship, in 
which he was a passenger, foundered at sea, and he, 
with all on board, unfortunately, perished. The first 
rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany, as far as our know- 
ledge at present extends, was the 

I. REV, THOS. BARCLAY. This gentleman was chaplain 
to the fort in 1708, and read the service and preached to 
the citizens in Dutch. He officiated also at Schenectady 
and for the Indians, until Nov., 1712, when the Rev. Wm 

54 Episcopal Church. 

Andrews came out as successor to Mr Moor. Mr. A., 
however, had not greater success among the natives than 
his predecessor, and he abandoned his mission in 1719.* 
Mr. Barclay's congregation met, for seven years, in a 
small Lutheran chapel, when Gov. Hunter encouraged 
them to erect a church for themselves. To aid them, he 
furnished all the stone and lime necessary for the build- 
ing; the city presented 200, and contributions were 
received from Schenectady, and other parts of the pro- 
vince. The garrison also subscribed, and 600 were 
soon collected. In Nov. 1716, the first English Church 
in Albany was opened for service. It was a handsome 
stone building, 58 x 42 feet . The communion service pre- 
sented by Q. Anne " to the Chapel of the Onondagas," 
during this rectorate, was, it is presumed, retained for 
the use of this church, where it is still preserved. The 
Soc. for Prop, the Gospel withdrew its allowance soon 
after, the consequence of which was, the church ceased 
to have a minister, until the arrival of the 

II. REV. Mr. MILN. This clergyman was appointed in 
1728, and continued until 1737, when he was transferred 
to New Jersey. He was succeeded by 

III. REV. HENRY BARCLAY, the son of Rev. Thos. B., a 
native of Albany, who graduated at Yale Coll. in 1734. 
He was appointed, at Mr. Miln's recommendation, in 
1735., catechist to the Indians at Fort Hunter, and be- 
came rector in 1737-8 which office he filled until 1746, 
when he was appointed rector of Trinity church, New 
York, where he died in 1764. 

IV. REV JOHN OGILVIE, a native of New- York, and 
graduate of Yale College. Being a Dutch scholar, he was 
appointed to this mission in 1748, and arrived at Albany 

* A clergyman, named Wm. Andrews; was a missionary in Sche- 
nectady where he also kept a school, as late as 1773, but "his health 
failing, from the labors attendant on these avocations, he was obliged 
to resign his charge. He removed to Williamsburg, Va., but learning 
that the mission at Johnstown was vacant, by the retirement of the 
Rev. M. Mosley, pastor of that place, he immediately applied to Sir 
W. Johnson for that church, but we have not ascertained whether he 
'ever returned to the Mohawk valley. 

Episcopal Church. 55 

in March, 1749. In 1760, he joined the expedition 
against Niagara, and continued attached to the army until 
the close of the French war. He succeeded Mr. Barclay, 
as rector of Trinity Church, New York, and died Nov. 
26, 1774, aged 5 1. His portrait is in the vestry of Trinity 
church. An attempt was made in 1763 and 1766 to 
have a translation of the book of common prayer (pre- 
pared by Messrs. Andrews, Barclay and Ogilvie) printed 
in New-York by Weyman, in the Mohawk language. 
But the difficulty to print such language was found al- 
most insurmountable, as there was not at the time, " a 
Letter-makers founding house" in the colonies. Wey- 
man completed nine sheets, or as far as the 74th page, 
when he died bankrupt. The work passed then (1771) 
into the hands of Hugh Gaine, when four or five hund- 
red copies, it is said, were printed. 

V. REV. THOMAS BROWN, B. A., of St. Albans Hall, 
was the only child of the Rev. G. Brown, of Oxford, Eng. 
He was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of London 23d 
Sept. 1754. He came to America some time after it is 
supposed with the 27thReg't, of which he was chaplain, 
and married Martina Hogan, of Albany, on the 24th Aug., 
1761. He served with his regiment at the reduction of 
Martinico in Feb., 1762, and having returned to Eng- 
land, received the order of priesthood, and was com- 
missioned missionary to North America by the Bishop of 
London, 8th of July, 1764. He succeeded the Rev. Mr. 
Ogilvie, as pastor of St. Peter's and served the church 
until 1768. He then moved to the south, and was ap- 
pointed, 30th May, 1772, rector of Dorchester, Maryland. 
He died 2d May, 1784, aged 49 years, leaving a wife and 
seven children; the survivor of these, a daughter, is still 
living in Albany. She has portraits of her father, grand- 
father and grand mother, in good preservation. 

VI. REV. HARRY MUNRO, in whose time the church 
was incorporated, was rector from 1768 to 1773 or 1774. 
The congregation is represented as consisting of not 

* 2 Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll. i, 148. 
[Annals, vi.] 6 

56 Episcopal Church. 

more than thirty families* which Mr. Munro, in a state- 
ment before" us, classes thus: Attendants, 156; Com- 
municants, 44, of which 30 were gained by him or joined 
the church since his appointment, and he " had all the 
rest" (he says) " to reconcile or bring back, his prede- 
cessor having had but three communicants, when he last 
administered.*' Baptized since his appointment in Al- 
bany, 345; Communicants lost by death, removals, &c. 
14; desertions 4=18. " Three of those have left the 
church because they were not permitted to wrest the go- 
vernment out of the vestry's hands ; the other because he 
could not relish Bishops Tillotson's, Sherlock's & Atter- 
bury's sermons, and because Mr. Munro did not preach 
spiritual sermons." 

The church was vacant during the war of the Revolu- 
tion, though it is stated that service was performed in 

VII. THOMAS ELLISON, A. M., of Cambridge, Eng., 
was appointed rector on the first of May. 1787, and one 
of the Regents of the University, Feb. 28, 1797. He 
was, in private life, a gentleman of a sociable disposition 
and remarkable wit, whose society was much courted, 
for it is said of him, that he was " as much above a mean 
action as an angel is above a calumniator." The old 
church, in the centre of State-street, was demolished ,and 
the present edifice erected in his rectorate, Anno 1802, on 
the 26 of April, of which year, Mr. Ellison died. Bishop 
Chase, of Ohio, studied divinity under this clergyman. A 
vacancy, of more than a year, now occurred. 

VJII. REV. FREDERIC BEASLEY, of Philadelphia, was 
elected rector in July (though others say 1st Sept.), 1803. 
Possibly he took up his permanent residence at the rec- 
tory at the latter date. He served six years, having re- 
signed in August 1809, and left the city the following 
monthi ' He became afterwards provost of the University 
of Peiin: _. ";-' 

IX. REV/ TIMOTHY CLOWES, son of Joseph C., of 
Hempstead,, where he was born March 18, 1787, gradu- 

* N. J. Hist. Soc. Proc. ii, 111. 

Episcopal Church. 57 

ated at Columbia College in 1808. Having received Dea- 
con's orders he preached in Jersey City and Jamaica in 
1809, on the 19th of Nov. of which year he preached for 
the first time at St. Peter's. He began his ministerial 
duties in this church on 23 April, 1810; but it was not 
until the 31 Dec. of that year that he was regularly call- 
ed, or inducted as rector. Having obtained the pre- 
requisite order of presbyter on the 26th Nov., 1813, he 
was instituted on 3d Feb. 1814. His connection with 
this church terminated in the latter part of 1817, when 
be returned to his native town and taught a classical 
seminary there for three N years with great success. In 
1821, he became principal of Erasmus Hall, Flatbush; in 
1823, was chosen President of Washington College, Md., 
and rector of the church in Chestertown and St. Pauls, 
Kent Co. The college being destroyed by fire, Dr. 
Clowes, now LL. D., again opened school at Hempstead. 
He presided over the Clinton Liberal Institute, Oneida 
county, from 1838 to 1842, when he removed to Philadel- 
phia, where he pursued his usual business of instruction. 
He died in 1847, at the age of 60.* 

Dr. Clowes united himself, it is understood, to the 
Universalist Society in the latter years of his life. 

X. REV. WILLIAM B. LACEY officiated from July, 1818, 
to the spring of 1832. He resides at present, according 
to the church Almanac, in the state of Louisiana, where 
we believe, he confines himself to the department of 

REV. HORATIO POTTER, was instituted rector in 1833. 

^Address of the Hon. Lt. Gov. Taylor and others to the congre- 
gation of St Peter's church-, Answer of members of the congregation 
of St. Peter's church, Albany, to Lt. Gov. Taylor's pamphlet, printed 
for the congregation, February, 1816: Thompson's Hist. L. I., ii. 


58 Episcopal Church. 


At a Meeting of y e Comrs of the Indian affairs in Al- 
bany the 14th November 1712. Present Pr Schuyler 
Hend. Hansen K. V. Renselaer Mynd. Schuyler Johs 
Schuyler P Vn Brugh 

The Comrs Rec ' a letter from his Excellency dated y e 
31th of October last and is as followth [Letter missing.] 
The Reverend Mr. Wm Andrews Missionary for the 
Mohocks sent by the honourable Society for propagation 
the Gospel in foreign parts was desired to meet the Comrs 
with the Reverend Mr. Tho. Barclay, who came. It was 
then ordred that the said letter should be read unto them 
which was done, and told Mr Andrews that they would 
at all times give him all the assistance that Lays in their 
power for accomplishing so Good a work as he Is sent 

for which he Gave the Comrs Many thanks. 

At a Meeting of the Comrs of the Indian affairs in Al- 
bany y e 15th day of Novr 1712. Present Pr Schuyler 
Johs Schuyler K. Vn Renselaer Hend Hansen R In- 
goldesby Mynd. Schuyler P. Vn Brugh. 

This day a letter from his Grace My Lord Arch B. of 
Canteiberry dated y e 29th of May last to the Sachims of 
the Six Nations of Indians was delivered to the Sachims 
of the Maquas Country and read unto them, the contents 
whereof was Interpreted by Lawc e Clasen, which letter 
was ordered to be recorded in these Minutes on the re- 
quest of the Reverend Mr Thomas Barclay. [Letter not 

The Reverend Mr Andrews Missionary to the Mohawk 
Indians told the s d sachems that he is Sent by her Most 
Excellent Majesty the queen, and the Society for propa- 
gation y e Gospel in foreign parts at their own desire & 
request to her said Mayty when Some of their Sachims 
were in England, and propositions Since that time made 
to have Minisiers to Instruct them in the Christian Re- 
ligion, for which Reason he has left his dearest friends 
and relations and under Gone a very tedious & dangerous 

Episcopal Church. 59 

voyage to come over to them to Instruct them, in y e prin- 
cipals of the Christian Religion for the Good of their Souls 
Salvation, hopeing with the blessing of God to see the 
happy fruit of his labour, and that they will give him 
due protection and Incouragement in the doing of it whilst 
it shall pleas god that he should be among them. 

Then Terachjoris Sachim of Canajoharie the upper 
Castle of the Mohawks Stood up and Sayd that he was 
deputed by those of that Castle to come to Albany to Re- 
ceive in their name the Reverend Mr William Andrews- 
for their Minister, who they understood is Sent (on their 
Request) by the Great queen of Great Britain to Instruct 
them in the Christian Religion for the good of their Souls 
Service, and Gave Mr Andrews his hand and promised 
for those of that Castle to give all the Protection and In- 
couragement unto him that shall lye in their power. 

Hendrick one of the Sachims of the Maquas Country 
stood up and Say'd that he was very glad that y e Rev- 
erend Mr Wm Andrews was come over for their 
Minister to Instruct them in the Christian Religion for 
the Good of their Souls, and that he was deputed with 
those now here present by the other Sachims of that 
Castle to Receive him in their names for their Minister 
and father and promist for themselfs and those of the s d 
Castle to give him all the protection Incouragement and 
assistance possibly they can, and always be faithful and 
obedient to him, and doth heartly Return thanks to her 
Majty the Great queen of Great Britain that She has been 
pleased to Grant their Requests, and also to the honble 
Society for propagation of the Gospel in foreign parts and 
doth thank his Excellency Robert Hunter Esqr &c and 
Collo Nicolson for their Intercession in Getting their Re- 
quest Granted the fruets whereof are now to be seen. 

Hendrick sayd further that he desired in y e name of 
the s d Sachims of the Mohawks that none of their land 
might be clandestinly bought from any of them for that 
would breed a faction and disturbance among them and 
would be an occasion of leaving their Country and oblige 
them to go over to the Ottowawas or farr Indians where 
they should have no Christian Minister to Instruct them 

60 Episcopal Church. 

in the Christian Religion, nor that they should not be 
brought under that yoke as those at Canada are who 
are obliged to pay the tenths of all to their priests. Gave 
a Belt of wampum. 

Mr Andrews Reply' d that he was not come for the lu- 
cure of their land nor to lay any burdons on them but to 
Instruct them in the true Christian Religion and that no 
land Should be bought of them in a Clandestine Manner, 
if it Lays in his power to prevent it, and that the hon- 
ourable Society had taken care to pay him. 

The Reverend Thomas Barclay desired that the Comrs 
would be pleased to procure men Slees & horses for Con- 
veying the Goods of the Rev d Mr Andrews to the Mo 
hawks Country* and to pay the Charges thereof which 
they promised to do with all readyness, 

The Comrs Gave the following presents to the Mohawk 
Indians viz 1 6 kegs powder 6 boxes of lead 12 Blankets 12 
Shirts 2 duffel Blankets 5 pair Stockings 200 flints & 50 
Ib Shot 


Att a Meeting of the Comrs of the Indian affairs in Al- 
bany the 19th of Janry 171J Present Kill: Van 
Renselaer the Commandr & Chiefe here Hend: Han- 
sen Mynd 1 Schuyler Johs Schuyler Pr Vn Brugh 
The Comrs being conviend at y e desire of Mr Barclay 
minister of y e Gospel & Missionary of the Society for 
Propagation of y 6 Gospel, who acquaints y e Gentn that 
he is Inform'd that Mr hend: Hansen at y e house of 
Wm hogan on y 6 15th Instant when y 6 Mayor was sworn 
did take occasion to Rail against him upon occasion of a 
Letter writ by his Excy the Govr to ye Comrs of ye Ind: 
affairs wherein Mr Hansens name was mentioned for not 
going to y e Mohogs Country with Mr Andrews the Mis- 
sionary, and that if he had any Interest with y e Indians 
it ought to be Imployed for her Mayes Service, that it 

* The Indian name of the mission above mentioned is given in an 
affidavit of the Rev. Henry Barclay, of which an extract is subjoined. 
The engraving at the side is from a'survey dated 23d October, 1712. 

Episcopal Church. 6* 

was hoped he would Rectify that neglect, and make mat- 
ters Easy and Some other matters that were unpleasant 
to Mr Hansen Whereupon 

Mr Hansen alledg'd in a publick Comp e on y 6 s d 15th 
Instant that Mr Barclay was y e occasion of writing of 
that Letter, and that he designed to be a bishop over 
Mr Andrews y e Missionary that he had a mind for his 
salary, and that~he told y e gentn he would come up with 
him for what he had done to his prejudice & oyr words 
to that Effect & desires that such Evidence to y e proof 
hereof may be heard, 

and shows the Schoharie creek, the church, and the two Mohawk cas- 
tles, <-c. 

" HENRY BARCLAY of the City of New York, Rector of Trinity 
Church in said City (in Communion with the Church of England as 
byLaw Established) of full Age being duly sworn deposeth and saith: 

That he was born in 
Albany. That in Qua- 
lity of missionary from 
the Society for propa- 
gating the Gospel in 
foreign parts, he resid- 
ed several yeais at Ti- 
enonderoga among one 
of the Iroquois Nations 
of Indians, who call 
themselves Ganinge- 
hage, and are by the 
English called Mo- 
hocks. That the De- 
ponent hath always 
heard and understood 
that by the praying 
Indians, were meant 
such of the Mohawk 
Nation, as were Con- 
verted to the Christian 
Religion. And that 
while he lived among 
the said Mohock In- 
dians he understood 
from them that they 
laid claim to Lands to 
the Northward of Saraghtoge, in the County of Albany, but how far 
to the Northward he does not Remember to have heard from them, 
and that he verily believes they still make the same claim." 

62 Episcopal Church. 

Robert Livingston Junr Esqr Mayor of y e City of 
Albany doth say that on y e s d 15th of this present Janu- 
ary he heard Mr hend Hansen Say he woundered why 
Mr Barclay was so incencd agst him y l he did not Look 
upon Mr Andrews y e Missionary to have writ ags 1 him to 
y 3 Govr but beleeved that what he did was by the In- 
stigation of Mr Barclay, and that he ruled over the said 
Mr Andrews as a bishop, and wether it was to remove 
him from y l place and have y e benefitt of it for himself 
he knew not, and did furthe/say that he has had to doe 
with greater men, then he meaning Mr Barclay and did 
not value him he would come up with him. 

L* Collo Johs Schuyler doth say that he was in C omp e 
y e 15 Instant at Wm Hogans when y e Mayor was Sworn 
and he heard Mr Hend: Hansen Say that he beleeved 
that Mr Andrews y e Missionary had never writ against 
him to the Govr and that he beleev'd Mr Barclay Ruled 
over Mr Andrews as a Bishop and that Mr Hansen said 
further that he knew not why Mr Barclay was so much 
incencd against him Except it was about y e 50 but 
knew not further of it. 

Mr Abraham Cuyler Says that he was present the 
same time at Wm Hogans and he heard Mr Hend: Han- 
sen Say he knew not what ailed Mr Barclay to w;ite 
ags 1 him to y e Govr where upon Mr Mayor answered 
him, he beleeved it was not Mr Barclay that had writ to 
the Govr, whereupon Mr Hansen said I know that but 
he beleev'd that what was written to the Govr ags 1 him 
was by y 6 Instigation of Mr Barclay, and Said further is 
Mr Barclay angry because I was desired to gett 50 for 
him upon Interest to pay his debts, and that his wife 
must know nothing of it, & further knows not. 

Mr Hend. Hansen being present Says that he was at 
Wm Hogans on y e J5th Instant when y Mayor was 
Sworn, and being troubled at that Paragraph of his 
Excys Letter wch Related to him, he Could not forbear 
mentioning y e same to Mr Mayor, Subject of that Letter 
(the being discoursed of by Some of the Comp e ) and he 
told y 6 Mayor how that he Suspected it was by Mr Bar- 
clays means, that it happened to be thus misrepresented 

Episcopal Church. 63 

to his Excellcy because he had heard that Mr Barclay 
had drop'd some words Reflecting on him and there- 
upon took occasion to Speak to Mr Mayor, whom he 
thought would inform Mr Barclay of his Resentment, & 
Said I know not why Mr Barclay is so much incencd ags 1 
me Except it be for that I Endeavord upon Mr Collins 
desire to get 50: upon Interest for Mr Barclay wh his 
wife was to know nothing off which I could not procure 
without being Security for it my Self which I declin'd, 
and so did not gett it, or that he must have a design ags 1 
that good man Mr Andrews y e Missionary to make him 
uneasy & gett a part of his Salary, for it Seems y l he 
would Rule over that good Man as a bishop, it Seems as 
the Dutch phrase is dat hy't hondtie d' Steert soude off 
hacken, that is he would cutt off the Litle dogs taile, but 
he was not affraid of him for he had had to doe with 
as Great men as he was and yet he would come up with 
him meaning that when y e matter came to a fair hearing 
he doubted not but to Clear himself and Concluded that 
he did not know what ailed y e man, meaning Mr Barclay, 
for he had done him all the kindnesse that was in 
his power and Shewed him all the Respect Imaginable 
ever Since he had been in y e Country and had used all 
Endeavors to Perswade and Recomend y e Indians to be 
kind to Mr Andrews the Missionary, and to bring him of 
the best that they hunted telling ye Indians that it was 
the Custome of y e Christians to doe So and to be kind 
to their Ministers. 

Mr Barclay Says he will not trouble y e Comrs any 
further, but give his Excellcy the Govr an Account how 
Mr Andrews y e Missionary was Received by Taquajenont 
y 6 only Sachim that was at home in the Maquase Country 
to Receive their Minister. 

Mr Barclay desired a Copy of y e above proceedings, 
the Comrs order a Copy to be delivered to Mr Barclay 
and to Mr hend. Hansen Likewise if he desires it, they 
both promiseing not to Send it down to N York before 
y e ordinary post goes wh is fryday next, when y e Gentn 
will give his Excellcy an Account thereof. 

64 Episcopal Church. 


To his Excellency Sir Henry Moor Baronet Governor 
and Commander in Chief of the Province of New- 
York and the Territories thereon depending and 
Chancellor of the same &c 

The Petition of the Minister Church Wardens and Ves- 
try of S l Peters Church in the City of Albany Humbly 

That His Excellency Robert Hunter His Majesty King 
George the firsts Governor of this province on the 2 Is 1 
October 1714 by Letter Pattent under the Broad seal did 
Grant unto the Rev 1 Thomas Barclay Peter Mathews 
Esqr and John D unbar a Certain piece of Ground therein 
particularly described for to erect and Build a Church for 
public Worship agreable to the Rules and Regulations of 
the Church of England as by Law Established, that soon 
after a Church was Built on the said ground and publick 
worship has been performed according to the mode of the 
Church of England. And your Petitioners conceiving it 
may be for the Interest and advantage of the said Church 
to have it Incorporated, 

May it therefore please your Excellency to Grant unto 
your Petitioners a Charter for the Incorporation of the 
said Church in such manner as unto your Excellency 
shall seem most proper. 

And your Petitioners shall ever pray &c 
DANIEL HEWSON Junr $ Wardens 
18 May 1768. Read in Council 
& referred to a Committee. 
13 July 1768. Reported and granted. 

In the report laid before a convention of the clergy, 
Oct. 5, 1704, allusion is made to Albany as 

" A large frontier town where most of the people are 
Dutch, who have from Amsterdam a Dutch Minister, one 

Episcopal Church. 65 

Mr Lydius, but there are some English families, besides 
a garrison of soldiers, who are a considerable congrega- 
tion. A church of England Minister here will, in all 
probability, do signal service not only by setting up a 
public worship to the joy & comfort of the English, who 
impatiently desire a minister, and persuading the Dutch 
and others to conform, but also in instructing the Indians 
which come in great numbers thither. Mr Moore, mis- 
sionary to the Mohawks, is coming to settle here for some- 
time by the directions of his Excellency, my lord Cornbury 
who gives him great encouragement, and has been particu- 
larly pleased to promise him presents for the Indians. 

Doc. Hist., Hi, 117. 

In Col. Heathcote's letter to the Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel, Nov. 6, 1705, he says: 

"As for Mr Moor's mission, you will undoubtedly have 
the account thereof very fully by Mr Talbot, whose place 
he supplies, having not thought it worth the while to stay 
at Albany. As for my opinion that matter, I think it is 
too heavy for the Society to meddle with at present, and 
would properly lie us a burthen upon the Crown, to be 
defrayed out of the revenue here. For their being 
brought over to our Holy faith will, at the same time, 
secure them in their fidelity to the government. And 
not only that, but the Society will, I believe, find em- 
ployment enough for their money in sending of mission- 
aries amongst those who call themselves Christians, on 
the coast of America, which I find to be their resolution. 
And it is certainly the greatest charity in the world to 
have the best Eeligion planted in these parts, which, with 
time, will in all probability, be so vast a Country and 
People. As for Mr. Dellius I don't think it worth the while 
in being at any extraordinary charge in sending him; 
because I believe no consideration would make him live 
in the Indian Country. And if he did he has not the 
language; and one that goes on that mission must be a 
young man who is able to grapple with fatigues, and will 
not only take pains, but is capable of learning the Ian- 

66 Episcopal Church. 

guage ; and it is a general observation that none are so 
apt to gain foreign tongues as the Scotch." 

Doc. Hist., Hi, 124. 

In the address of the provincial clergy to Gov. Hunter, 
May, 14, 1712, they say: 

" As it is with the greatest pleasure we hear of the due 
Encouragement Mr Barclay Minister of Albany meets 
with in the propagation of the Christian Religion and 
Knowledge under your Ex'cys wise and pious administra- 
tion. So it is our earnest and humble request that your 
Ex'cy will be pleased to promote the building of a church 
there which is very much wanting." 


Glory be to the Lord for he is good for his mercy endureth forever. 


Formerly standing in the centre of State, at its junction with Barrack 
Street, Built A. D. MDCCXV Incorporated A. D. MDCCLXIX. 

Demolished and this edifice erected A. D. MDCCCII. 


Church Wardens. PHILIP HOOKER, Archt. 



From O'Callaghan's Documentary History, vol. iii. 

At a Council Sept 25th 1675. Present, The Governor, 
the Secretary, Capt Brockholes, Mr J Laurence, 
Capt Dyre, Mr Fred : Philips. 

The matter under consideracon was y 6 Complaint of 
Do Nicholas vanRenslaer against Do Newenhuysen, upon 
Ace 1 of his sending to him by some of y e Elders on Sunday 
last, to forbid him to baptise any children that should be 
brought in the afternoon to be baptised, Upon which he 
forbeare coming to y e Church that time, but said he went 
to speake with Do Newenhuysen, to know his reason for 
what he had done 

To whom y e said Do replyde aloude in y e street, y l it 
was because he did not looke upon him to be a Lawfull 
Minister, nor his admittance at Albany to be Lawfull, 
whereupon y e said Do Renslaer desired to speake to him 
in y e house, & to show him what Testimonial^ he had, 
which he admitted, yet afterwards would scarcely looke 
on them but exclaimed against him in like manner as be- 
fore; That afterwards at Mr Ebbings one of y e Elders, 
they saw all his Papers, but y e Do still said, y l one or- 
d yned in England, had nothing to do with their Church, 
without a Certificate from their Classis. 

Do Newenhuysen did not deny at all that was alleged 
against him, but on y e contrary did in a manner maintaine. 
That no one y l only had orders from y e Church of England 
had suffici/nt Authority to be admitted a Minister here, 
to administer y e Sacrements without, as before, &c 

Resolved, That Do Newenhuysen shall have time of two. 
three or four dayes to sett in writing w l his opinion or 
Judgm 1 is in this Case, particularly whether a Minister 
ordained in England by a Bishop, coming here and having 

[Annals, vi.] 7 

68 Dutch Church. 

Certificate thereof, bee not sufficient ordination to preach 
& Administer y e Sacraments in y e Dutch here or no. 

Hee offers to bring it in on Thursday next. 

A Copie of Do Newenhuysens Orders & Instructions 
from y e Classis at Amsterdam, to be taken & y e Originalls 
given him againe 

Do Renslaers papers of Certificate & Testimonialls were, 
viz 1 . 

The Ordinacon by Dr Earle Bishop of Sarum, to be a 

His Majesties allowance of him under his Siguett to be 
a Minister, & to preach to y e Dutch Congregacon at 

A Certificate from sever all persons of Quality of his 
being an allowed Chaplaine to y e Embassador extra- 
ordinary y e Heer Goph, from y e States of Holland. 

A Certificate from y e Minis f er & Officers of a Church 
in London, of his having officiated as a Lecturer there. 

The Duke of Yorkes recommendacon of him to the 
present Governor here. 

Upon which y e following Order was made, viz 1 Upon 
the Complaint of Do Nicholas Van Renslaer Minister of 
Albany, That Do Wilhelmus Newenhuysen, Minister of 
this Towne had openly and with words of Contempt said 
that Do Renslaer was no Minister, & his ordinacon not 
good, both Parties appearing this day at the Councell, Mr 
Renslaer having produced his severall Ordinacon of Dea- 
con & and Presbiter by the Bishop Salisbury also at- 
testacons of his haying been Minister to Myn heer Van 
[Goph], Embassador from y e States Genii residing at 
London, & since Minister of y e Dutch Church at West- 
minister, and Lecturer at S l Margaretts Loathbury in 
London, & of his good Comport in s 3 Churches, together 
with his Majesties Signett for Westminister, & his Royal 
Highnesse letter of Recomendacon to this place or Albany 
if vacant and made appeare his being chosen, admitted & 
officiateing in y e Church at Albany according to their 
usual manner & Constitucon of y e Reformed Churches, 
wth y e approbacon & Confirmacon of y e Magistrates, 
and Governr all which being found to be authenticke. 

Dutch Church. 69 

Upon a full hearing of all partys it appearing y l D 
Newenhuysen had spoken y e words declaring Do Renslaer 
to be no Minister &c. y e above testimonys being produced 
in Councell to y e said Newenhuysen and he owned to 
have been made acquainted therewith still insisted y e 
said Do Renslaers Ordinacon nor Call did not fitly qualify 
him to administer y e Sacrements, for which giving not y e 
least sufficient reason, but implied according to his owne 

Being Withdrawne, after mature deliberacon It being 
of great weight & consequence, It is Resolved thaty 6 said 
Do Newenhuysen shall have some time to give in his 
Answer to y e above in writing, which he desireing no 
longer then till Thursday, Ordered, That on Thursday 
y e 30th instant, ye said Do Newenhuysen shall by 2 aclock 
in the afternoone appeare & bring in y e same, particularly 
whether the Ordination of y e Church of England be not 
sufficient qualification for a Minister comporting him- 
selfe accordingly, to be admitted, officiate & administer 
y Sacraments, according to y e Constitucons of y e re- 
formed Churches of Holland: At which time y" Elders, 
& all other Officers of y" Dutch Church are likewise re- 
quired to appeare and be present. 

By Order of y e Governr in Councell 

This order of Councell was sent M. N. Seer. 

At a Councell Septr 30. 1675. Present. The Governor 
The Secretary. Mr Laurence. Capt. Dyre. Mr Phillips. 

This day being appointed at two a clock for Do New- 
enhuysen to bring in his answer, & make his appearance, 
with y e Eldrs & Deacons of the Church. 

Hee brings a paper rather in the Justification of him- 
selfe in his answer then otherwise, and denyes what is 
alleaged against him by Do Renslaer therein. 

After long debate, y e Do and y e rest of y e Elders and 
Deacons, seeme to allow in words, what is denyde in 
writing, vizt That a Minister Ordayned in England by 
the Bishops is every way Capable &c. 

Time is given them to Consider againe well amongst 
themselves and give a finall Resolution in answr to the 
Order of Councell, to morrow. 

70 Dutch Church. 

There were before the Councell. 

Do Newenhuysen Minister, Mr Jeronimus Ebbing, Mr 
Peter Stoutenberg Elders ; Mr Jacob Teunisse Kay. Mr 
Reyneer Willemse. Mr Gerritt Van Tright, Mr Isaack 
Van Vleck Deacons 

The next day they brought in their paper amended, 
with all Submission. 

At a Councell Septr 8th 1676. Present. The Govern- 
or Capt. Brockholes. The Secretary. Capt. Dyre. 

Upon Informacon that Do Renslaer (one of the Min- 
isters att Albany) is confined by the Magistrates there, 
upon matter of some dubious words spoken by the said 
Do in his Sermon or Doctrine. 

It is ordered, That the said Do bee releast from his Im- 
prisonment, and any matter concerning the same is to bee 
heard here. 

At a Meeting of the Governor in Councell, and Minis- 
ters of y e Citty of New Yorke, Sept. 15th, 1676. 

The occasion was the returne of the appeale in the case 
between Do N. Renslaer and Mr Jacob Leysler, and Mr 
Jacob Milburne, had before y e Court & Consistory at Al- 

Ordered, That as Do Renslaer hath putt in Security of 
fifteen hundred Guildrs hollands money for to prosecute, 
so y e said Leysler and Milburne are to putt in y e like 
Security to make good their Charge. 

Ordered, That Mr Leysler do besides himselfe, put in 
one or two others as Security for five thousand pound by 
to morrow before noone. 

Sept the 16th. The Ensuing Warr 1 was sent up to 


Whereas Mr Jacob Millburne hath accused Do Nicho- 
las Renslaer for words spoken by him in. a Sermon at 
Albany on the 13th Last past, the which having made a 
great disturbance and been before the Church Officers and 
Court there, and at last remitted here in order to a de- 
termination ; In case the same be nott already taken up 
and Composed before this comes to your hands, These 

Dutch Church. 71 

are in his Maties name to require you, to cause y 6 said 
Milburne to give in sufficient Security to the value of one 
thousand pound for his appearance to prosecute and an- 
swer the matters relateing thereunto according to Law ; 
which if hee shall refuse to do, that he be committed to 
safe Custody into y e Sheriffs hands, of the which you are 
not to faile, and to make a speedy returne hereof ; Given 
under my hand in New Yorke, Septem y 6 16th 1676. 

To y 6 Commander and Magistrates at Albany. 

Septr the 18th 

Mr Leysler not obeying the Order of the Govenor in 
Councell of the 15th Instant, was by the Governors spe- 
ciall Warrant committed into the Custody of the Sheriff : 
The Warr 1 was as followeth. viz 1 


Whereas Mr Jacob Leysler of this City hath accused Do 
Nicholas Renslaer for words spoken by him in a Sermon 
at Albany, on the 13th last past, the which having made 
a great disturbance and been before the Church Officers 
and Court there, and at last remitted here in Order to a 
determination, but y 6 said Leysler not having given Se- 
curity according to Law and Order ; These are in his Ma- 
ties name to require you forthwith to take y 6 person of 
the said Jacob Leysler into your Custody, and him safely 
to keep in Order to a determinacon according to Law ; 
for the which this shall be your sufficient Warrant : Given 
under my hand in New Yorke this 18th day of September, 

To ye Sheriff, of New Yorke, or his Deputy. 

At a Councell. Septr 23th 1676 Present. The Go- 
vernor & Councell. The Mayor & Aldermen The 
Ministers of y 6 City. 

Upon reading all Evidences & papers relating to the 
difference betweene Do Nich: Renslaer and Mr Jacob 
Leysler and Mr Jacob Millburne, but y e said Millburne 
not being present, nor any Authorized from him 

72 Dutch Church. 

Resolved. That if all parties are willing to stand to 
the friendly and amicable determinacon made by the 
Church Officers or Kerken Raat at Albany, and referr y 6 
matter of Charges, (which was y e only obstruction then) 
to y" Governor and Councell and persons above, That 
then they will proceed to a finall Determinacon therein; 
But if not then a short day shall be appointed for hearing 
all parties and taking such further Resolves and order 
therein as y e Case shall require ; All parties to have Cop- 
pies, and bring in their Answers by y e first returne from 

Mr Steph 1 Van Cortland for Do Renslaer, and Mr Jacob 
Leysler for himselfe doe desire an Issue may be putt to 
y e buisnesse in question. 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany 

28th Septr 1676. Post Meridiem 

Present Capt Salisbury, Commander. Capt Thorn De 
Lavall. Rich 1 Pretty, Dirck Wessells, Pr Winne, 
Capt Phil Schuyler, Andr Teller, Jan Thomase, 
Marte Gerritse, Mr Siston, Sheriff. 
Dom Schaets, Dom. Renzelaar and some witnesses ap- 
pearing in Court (all the papers in the difference between 
the two above named Dominies being examined & re- 
viewed) they are, by order of the Governor to be recon- 
ciled according to Christian Duty and love, as it specially 
becomes such servants of God's word. Whereupon the 
above named Ministers, answer, They are willing to be 
reconciled with all their hearts, 

Dom Schaets declares the twelve men, whom he ac* 
cused of Partiality in a Letter written to the Consistory 
of New York, to be honorable persons, and say that all 
such occurred foolishly, requesting forgiveness 

Doctor Corn: Van Dyck, representing the Consistory, 
Complains that Dom : Schaets being sent for on two oc 
casions by the Consistory, refused to come to them in di- 
rect violation of the Law of the Church. 

Dom: Schaets says that he was in the first instance 
declared Interested, because he had rendered in writing 
his opinion of Dom: Renseiaar's preaching, but that was 

Dutch Church. 73 

not done to excite parties, confessing to have acted 
very improperly and they too in like manner. 

WHEREAS various differences have arisen and sprung 
up between the two Ministers wherein Dom: Schaets 
charged and accused Dom ; Renselaer with false preach' 
ing ; and Dom ; Renselaer thereupon Replied that it was 
a false lie, Dom: Schaets is therefore ordered to prove 
the same, who forthwith drew forth a little Book contain-* 
ing divers old comments which the W: Court neither ac- 
cepted nor received 

Their Worships ask parties if they will leave and re^ 
fer their differences to their W's decision? 

Who answered, Yes. 

Thereupon the W: Court resolved unanimously and by 
plurality of Votes, that Parties shall both forgive & forget 
as it becomes Preachers of the Reformed Religion to do ; 
also that all previous variances, church differences and 
disagreements & provocations shall be consumed in the fire 
of Love, a perpetual silence and forbearance being imposed 
on each respectively, to live together as Brothers for an 
example to the worthy Congregation, for edification to the 
Reformed Religion and further for the removal and banish* 
ment of all scandals, and in case hereafter any difference 
may occur or happen between them, they shall seek re 
dress from the Consistory, to be heard there; but parties 
not being content with its award, the Consistory shall 
then state to the Governor who is in fault who shall then 
be punished according to the exigency of the case. In 
like manner each was warned not to repeat or renew any 
more former differences or variances, under a penalty to 
be fixed by their worships of the Court. 

At a Councell October 23th 1676. Present The Gov 
vernour & Councell. Some of y e Aldermen. The 
Ministers of this City. 

Upon a Return from Albany, The matter concerning y fc 
charges about y e Difference between Domine Renslaer, 
and Mr Leysler & Milburne, now referred by all partys 
to the determinacon of the Governor and Councell, the 
same being taken into Consideracon The Eusuing 
was made rizt 

74 Dutch Church. 

Whereas there was an amicable & friendly agreem 1 
made by the Church Officers (or Kerken Raat) at Albany 
of the Difference between Do Nicholas Renslaer on the 
one part, and Jacob I^eysler and Jacob Milburne on the 
other, only as to the matter of Charge, the which was 
referred to y e Governor and Councell here, 

The same being taken into Consideration, It is Or- 
dered, That Jacob Leysler and Jacob Milburne doe pay 
the whole charge both at Albany and here, as giving the 
first Occasion of the Difference, and that Do Renslaer 
bee freed from bearing any part thereof, and this to be a 
flnall end and determinacon of the matter betweene y e 
partyes upon this occasion. 


Albany 6 Feb, 1678-9. 

Dom: Gid: Schaets appears in Court with Jan Vinna 
gen Elder and the 2 Deacons Mr Jan Janse Bleeker and Mr 
Hendi Cuyler representing the W. Consistory who freely 
without any persuasion promise to convey and give a 
proper Deed of the house occupied at present by Dom j 
Gideon Schaets to be for the future a residence for the 
Minister at Albany, for the benefit of the Congregation 
of the Reformed Church here ; as the house was built out 
of the Poor's money, and now being decayed, the W, 
Court promises to repair said house and keep it in good 
order flt for a Minister, for which purpose it shall be 

Ordinary Court held at 

Albany 6 July, 1680, 

The W : Consistory of this city being sent for to Court, 
and being requested by their Worships to contribute 
something to the repair and building of Dom: Schaets 
house, being for the good of the Commonalty; the W, 
Consistory consent to contribute the sum of one thousand 
guilders /tewantr for the reparation of the said house, 

Dutch Church. 75 


Extraordinary Court holden at 

All any 1st April 1681. 

This Extraordinary Court is held at the request of the 
Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Church here, who 
apply to the Gentlemen and request their assistance in- 
asmuch as the head of their Consistory Dom : Gideon 
Schaets refuses to visit them for the purposes of holding 
religious meetings in the Church, the usual appointed 
place by the Consistory Having undertaken to speak to 
the Domine of the trouble which he caused some of the 
Members, in direct opposition to the office of a Teacher, 
especially at this conjuncture of Time when the Lords 
supper was so near at hand; after the Consistory had 
done its duty & part to the utmost on the 29. March last, 
and not knowing but it had accomplished everything, 
and every matter of difference had been settled for the 
time (having been admonished in the temper of Love & 
Christian duty) Anneke his daughter consenting willing- 
ly to absent herself the next time from the Holy Table 
of the Lord on her father's proposal, and as it was her 
duty, so as to prevent as much as possible all Scandals in 
Christ's flok; as it is evident we have done our utmost 
in sending for the aforesaid Domine to visit us to-day, 
which he hath wholly refused, We therefore request that 
their worships will please send for the said Domine and 
ask him if all matters of difference &c were not arranged 
at the last Consistorial meeting on 29 March last and 
wherefore does he now rip up new differences and offen- 
ces contrary to his duty & office. 

Whereupon their Worships sent Wm Parker the Court 
Messenger to request him to come to court; who answer- 
ed that the Consistory had sent him; whereunto the 
Bode said, The Court sent for your Reverence not the 
Consistory. He replied he would not come. 

The Bode is sent- a 2 d time to tell him that he must in- 
stantly appear before the Court. He answered, he would 
not appear before the Court, though they should dismiss 

76 Dutch Church. 

The Bode, sent for the third time, found him not at 
home but his daughter Anneke said, I'll go and ask him; 
and having asked him said, Mine Father will not come ; 
they may do what they please, for the magistrates are 
wishing to make me out a W . 

The Bode being sent the fourth time reports as before. 

Whereupon is Resolved, to send the constable Jacob 
Sanders with a special Warrant after him, to bring him 
here before the Court. 

Who having visited the house and being unable to find 
him the constable then asked his Daughter, Anneke 
Schaets, where her father was? She answered Know 
you not what Cain said? Is he his Brother's keeper? Am 
I my father's keeper ? Whereupon the constable told her 
that she should let him bring him. To which she an- 
swered, she had nobody for him to bring, and had she a 
dog, she should not allow him to be used by the Magis- 
trates for such a service. The Magistrates had their own 

The constable having been sent for the second time 
spoke to Dom Schaets at Hend: Cuyler's house, who 
gave for answer that he should not go before the Court 
if the Consistory were there ; but if the Consistory was 
not present, he would appear before the Court. 

Whereupon the W. Court considering the great in- 
convenience his suspension should cause the Congrega- 
tion have through condescension sent him word that the 
Magistrates only will speak to him without the Consist- 
ory. [His suspension was written out & read to him] 

At last, Dom: Schaets appeared in Court and he is 
asked why he, who should afford a good example to 
others, hath shown contempt to his Court by refusing on 
their reiterated summons, to appear before them; de- 
manding Satisfaction. 

Whereupon it appears at first that Dom: was much 
dissatisfied and demanded his demission from their wor- 
ships; but at last considering his committed offence, he 
excused himself and requested exceedingly that he should 
be forgiven, and not severely dealt by, and hereafter 
nothing should be laid to his charge, promising to obey, 

Dutch Church. 77 

for the future, his lawful superiors, requesting that all be 
reconciled which was done. 

Further all matters and disputes between him and his 
Consistory, Mr Dauid Schuyler Mr Dirck Wessels, 
Elders; Wouter Albertse van den Uthoff & Gert Lansing 
Deacons, were arranged in love and friendship in presence 
of the Court aforesaid; Dom: Schaets admitting he was 
under a misconception. 


On the 9th of June 1681, Anneke Schaets, wife of Tho: 
Davidtse Kekebel, is sent to her husband at N. York, by 
order and pursuant to letters from the Commander in 
Chief with a letter of recommendation; but as she was, so 
headstrong and would not depart without the Sheriff & 
Constable's interference, her disobedience was annexed to 
the letter. 

Albany 5th July 1681. 

Anneke Schaets who was sent to N. York by their Wor- 
ships on the 9th June last pursuant to letters and orders 
from the Commander in Chief Capt Antho Brockholes is 
come back here in the same Sloop, and brings this follow- 
ing recommendation which is in terms 

N. York June y e 27th 1681. 

GENTLEMEN Wee have thought fitt to acquaint yout hat 
Thomas Davis and his wife Anneke Schaets are suffered 
to goe up for Albany in order to settle their affairs there, 
We Recommend yow to endeavour a Reconciliation be- 
tween them if Possible otherwise if Parties desire it, 
deside their differences by Law, having due Regard 
to their Jointure or heuwelyx foorwaerde. wch is all at 
Present from Your Loveing ffriend 


Extraordinary Court holden in Albany 

29th day July A. Dom. 1681, 

Tho : Davidtse premisses to conduct himself well and 
honorably towards his wife Anneke Schaets, to Love & 
never neglect her but faithfully and properly to maintain 
and support her with her children according to his means, 
hereby making null and void all questions that have 

78 Dutch Church. 

occurred and transpired between them both, never to re- 
peat them, but are entirely reconciled; and for better 
assurance of his real Intention and good resolution to ob- 
serve the same, he requests that two good men be named 
to oversee his conduct at N. York towards his said wife, 
being entirely disposed and inclined to live honorably & 
well with her as a Christian man ought, subjecting him- 
self willingly to the rule and censure of the said men. 
On the other hand his wife Anneke Schaets promises 
also to conduct herself quietly & well and to accompany 
him to N. York with her children & property here, not 
to leave him any more but to serve and help him and 
with him to share the sweets and the sours as becomes a 
Christian spouse; Requesting all differences which had 
ever existed between them both may be hereby quashed 
and brought no more to light or cast up, as she on her 
side is heartily disposed to. 

Their Worship, of the Court Recommend parties on 
both sides to observe strictly their Reconciliation now 
made, and the gentlemen at N. York will be informed 
that the matter is so far arranged. 

Fr m the Albany City Records. 

Extraordinary Court holden at 

Albany 6 Augst 1683 

The Wt Commissaries assembled in consequence of 
the arrival of the new Minister Dome Godefridus Dellius 
who reached here on the 2 d instant pursuant to the request 
and letters of this Court to the Venerable Classis of 

And whereas by consent and approval of this Comon- 
alty a second Domine is sent for to assist the old Dom: 
Schaets, it is therefore resolved to call the Congregation 
together to enquire of them in a friendly manner how 
much they will from their own Liberality and good in- 
clination contribute to the maintenance of the s d Dom: 
Godefridus Dellius whereupon the following Burghers 

Dutch Church. 


have freely contributed to the Salary of said De Gode- 
fridus Dellius, & that for the term of one year. 

Peter Schuyler ps of 8 .... 

Cornells Van Dyck 

Derek Wessels 

David Schuyler 

Marte Gerritse 

Ands Teller 

Gert Swart 

Jan I. Bleker 

Hend. Van Ness 

Pr. Winne 

Johannes Provooit 

Richd Pretty 

Joh: Wendell 

Jan Lansingh 

Gabriel Thompson 

Johannes Wandelaer 

Albt Rykman 

Lawrence van ale 

Evert Wendell Junr 

Harme Basteanse 

Pr. Davitse Skuyler 

Melgert Wynantse 

Jan Becker Senr 

Wynant Gerritse 

Turck Harmense. ......... 

Hendk Bries 

Jacob Abrahamse 

Jan and: Cuyper 

Myndt Harmense 

Gert hardenbergh , 

Cornel van Skelluyne 

Jacob Sanderse 

Wm Kettelheyn 

Jan Byvank 

Jan Nack 

Johannes Roos 

Cobus Turk 

Wouter Albertse 

Takel Dirkse 

Jan salomonse 

Hend. Martense 

Johannes V Sante 

Pieter Lookermans 

Cobus Gerritse 

Evert Wendell Senr.... .. 

Wm Gerritse , 

Johannes Martense Smitt 

[Annals, vi.] 

6 Jan Cornelise vandrhoef . ... 1 

6 Jacob Voss 1 

6 Jacob Meesen 2 

6 Paulus Martense l 

6 Pr Bogardus 3 

6 Gert Lansingh 3 

2 Hendn Lansingh 2 

6 Jan Van haegen 3 

4 Joseph Yetts 0| 

3 Jacob Ten Eyck 2 

3 Claes Ripse 2 

4 Claes Jacobse 2 

6 Jahannes Cuyler 3 

4 Robt Livingston 5 

4 Adriaen Gert V Papendorp. 6 

2 Marte Cregier 4 

4 Lambt van Valkenburgh. .. 1 

2 JureanTeunise 14 

4 Jacob Staets. . 2 

2 Bareftt Myndertse 2 

2 Arnout Corneiise (viele) .... 2 

2 Annetje van Schayk 6 

2 Jochim Staets 3 

2 Gert Banken 3 

1 Philip Schuyler's widow. .. 8 

2 Hend Cuyler 6 

2 Johannes Thomase 2 

2 Teunis Slingerlunt 2 

6 Harmed' Brower 2 

4 Hend Abelse 1 

1 Jean Rosie 1 

4 Wm Claese 2 

2 Gysbt Marcelis 2 

3 Bastiaen Harmense 1 

2 Hend Hansen l 

2 Matthys Meesen 2 

1 Robt Sanderse 6 

2 Joh: Roseboom 3 

1 Joh: Abeel $ Sister 3 

1 Eghbert Teunise 5 

1 Jan Gow 2 

1 Jan Gilbert 1$ 

1 Gert Van Ness 2 

1 Joh: Oothout Junr 1 

2 Pr Meuse 1 

1 John White 2 

2 NB. These reside up be- 



Dutch Church. 

yond the North Gate and 
were spoken to by D. Wes- 
sels & J. Bleker: 

Antho Barentse 2 

Wouter Aretse 2 

Jan d' Noorman 1 

Gerrit Ryerse 1 

Claes van Bockhoven 1 

Pr Quackenboss 2 

Wouter Pieterse 1 

Jan Pieterse 1 

Reynier Pieterse 1 

Dowe Funda 1 

Marte Janse , 1 

Adam Winne I 

Jacob Salomonse 2 

Teunis vandr Poel 6 

Luykes Pieterse 1 

Antho van Schayk ........ 4 

Teunis Teunise, Mason.... 4 

Ands d' Backer 2 

Meus hoogeboom 1 

Roelof Gerritse 1 

Harme Lievese 3 

Jan Grutterse 2 

Jan Van Ness 2 

Bart Alb Bratt 4 

Gert Hendrix 

Ands Carstense J 


Gert Lubbertsf 2 

N B. Farmers below 

Jacob janse gardinier 4 

Jeronemus Hansen 1 

Wm Van Slyk 2 

Gert Gysbertse 4 

Frederick d' Drent ........ 2 

Hend : Maesen 2 

HenVanWie 1 

Ryk Machielse 1 

Onnocre the Frenchman .... 1 

Jan Hendricxe 2 

Mart Cornelise.., 3 

Jurian Callier I 

Claes Van Petten 2 

Cornelise Teunise 2 

Abraham Van Bremen 1 

Melgert Abrahamse 2 

Jan Thomase 

Cobus Janse .............. 1 

Johannes Janse I 

Albert Cato 2 

Manus Borgerse 1 

Geertruy Vosburgh 2 

Jacob Vorsburgh ., l 

Jacob Claese 1 

Pieces of 8 350 

Whereon D c Godefridus Dellius is sent for and he is 
asked if he hath any further letters or documents besides 
what he had delivered to the Court, especially the No- 
tarial contract dated 20 July 1682 executed in Amsterdam 
by the Notary Public David Staffmaker Verlet whereby 
the Dom e was accepted for the term of four years, begin- 
ing as soon as the ship, in which he would leave Am- 
sterdam, had been gone to sea outside Texel, and that for 
the sum of eight hundred guilders a year, payable in 
Beavers a 8 gl. each or 600 skepels of Wheat, at the 
option of s d Dom: Dellius, besides a free house; but 
should he the Domine marry his salary should be increased 
100 gl. beavers, but as his Reverence was so unfortunate 
that the ship in which he was to take his passage sailed 
from Dover on the very day his Reverence arrived in 
London so that his Reverence was obliged to return to 

Dutch Church. 81 

Holland, aud put to sea again last April, with Jan Gorter, 
with whom he has now arrived. 

Their Worships find that in further elucidation of said 
general Contract the Agents Ryk d van Rensselaer & Abel 
de Wollff and said Dom e agreed that his term of Office 
shall commence on the day when Henry Bier went last 
year to sea, as his Reverence was then ready to leave; 
his term commencing on the 15th August 1682 & ending 
on the 15th August 1686, but with the express condition 
that his salary shall not date earlier than the day his 
Reverence put to sea with Skipper Jan Gorter: And 
whereas we have been advised by letters from our cor- 
respondents that his Reverence is not wholly satisfied 
about his salary being in Beavers or Wheat knowing 
nothing about such things, and imagines such is greatly 
to his prejudice, whereupon said Rensselaer & De Wolff 
have written to us in his behalf, requesting that the pay- 
ment of his salary may be made as nearly as possible in 
Holland currency. 

Therefore, their said Worships maturely considering 
the contribution as well as the clause in the aforesaid no- 
tarial contract, to the effect that should Dom e Schaets 
die meanwhile, the aforesaid D e Dellius should receive 
the same salary as D e Schaets had & enjoyed, allow Dom : 
Dellius aforesaid the sum of Three hundred pieces of 
Eight or one hundred and fifty Beavers being fl. 1200 in 
Beavers, which is two hundred guilders in Beavers more 
than Dom: Schaets ever had or received, as a testimony 
of their good disposition towards him and especially for 
his Teaching with which their Worships and the con- 
gregation declare themselves well satisfied, doubting not 
but his Reverence will be specially content, it being 300 
gl. above the Notarial contract. 

The Magistrates further resolve that if they can obtain 
any thing more, either from the Governor or congregation, 
the s d Dom: shall be remembered. And Mr Marte Ger- 
ritse & Com : Van Dyck communicate this to his Rev- 

Pieter Schuyler and Albert Ryckmans Deacons are 
authorized to receive the new Domine's Money, and to 
keep account thereof. 

82 Dutch Church. 

Dom c Dellius informs the Magistrates, through the 
Secretary, that he shall adhere to his Notarial contract 
that is as second minister of Albany and that for such 
sum as the Magistrates allow him; but he presumes 
their Worships pay little regard to the Recommendation 
of the Agents who requested them to pay the salary 
agreed on in Holland currency; and expresses himself not 
over satisfied with the Magistrates resolution regarding 
the fixing his salary a 300 pieces of eight. 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany 
13 August 1683 

The Magistrates are again met to fix the salary of Dom : 
Godefridus Dellius, and the contribution of the con- 
gregation being calculated, it was Resolved that said D e 
Dellius shall enjoy yearly the sum of nine hundred guil- 
ders Holland currency payable in pieces of eight a forty 
stivers each, or in Merchantable Beavers counted a Two 
pieces of eight each, and his Reverence shall receive his 
money quarterly on condition that if D e Schaets should 
grow feeble or die, Dom: Dellius shall perform the whole 

His Reverence is further told that if the Magistrates 
should agree with the Inhabitants of Schinnectady re- 
garding Divine Service to be performed there, either once 
a month or once in six weeks, said Dellius shall take his 
turn with Dom: Schaets to edify said congregation, with- 
out being paid additional for it, as such sum of money 
shall be for the benefit of this congregation. 

Dom : Dellius is further informed that their Worships 
desire to be satisfied about the time of the Dom's sojourn 
here, as his contract mentions only four years, where- 
upon Dom: Dellius gives the Magistrates for answer, that 
he cannot tell what extraordinary things may happen; but 
his Intention and disposition are to remain here with this 
congregation, wherewith the Court is fully satisfied. 

Resolved that a letter be written to the Venerable 
Pious, and very Learned the Ministers and members of 
the very Rev d the classis of Amsterdam assembled at 
Amsterdam, sincerely thanking their Rev: for their 
Fatherly care in sending over the Rev d pious & Learned 

Dutch Church. 83 

Dom: Godefridus Dellius, with whom the Congregation 
is highly pleased. 

Resolved, also to write to Sieur Rich d Van Rensselaer 
& Sieur Abel d' Wollff to thank them heartily for the 
trouble they have taken, in finding out the Rev. pious & 
learned Dom: Godefridus Dellius who arrived here on the 
2 d instant, to the gret joy of every one, and whose 
preaching was heard with the greatest satisfaction & con- 

Extraordinary Court holden at Albany 

6 July 1685 

The Consistory of this City appearing in Court inform 
their worships that Dom: Godefridus Dellius resigned 
his office as Minister last Thursday at the Consistorial 
assembly, and requests his demission as his Reverence is 
advised of a call for him to Heuclem in Patria. To 
which his Rev. was answered that it was a matter of no 
small importance, and should therefore communicate it 
to the old Consistory next Monday ; and the Members 
aforesaid being assembled, the inquiry was made if the 
Classis had sent letters to them by Dom: Dellius, but 
none were found ; On the contrary the letters were sent 
to the Court and therefore he was referred to the Court 
through whom he was called & to whom he was con- 

Whereupon Dom : Dellius appeared in Court and in- 
formed their worhips that he requested his demission 
from the Consistory, who referred him to their worships; 
and as it is directly contrary to the order of the Nether- 
lands Church, to demand demission from the political 
authority, he therefore requests that he may receive his 
demission from the Consistory, and if not, a Certificate. 

Their Worships learn with great grief and surprise 
the proposition and communication of Dom: Dellius: re- 
quest to know the reasons of his Reverences departure 
and if his Rev: is not satisfactorily paid his salary. It 
is their worships' Opinion that should he[act thus, it will 
be a violation of his promise, whereby he pledged himself, 
when his salary was raised, on his arrival, from 900 gl. 
Beaver to 900 gl. Hollands, that he should not leave this 
Congregation unless something extraordinary occurred; 

84 Dutch Church. 

Sndly as the call has not been exhibited, they require to 
see it, considering that it is a very strange thiug to call 
a Minister from America, where he is so necessary. 

His Reverence says that he is promptly paid to his full 
contentment and satisfaction, but being advised of a call 
to Heuckelum, which he cannot now exhibit, he is wholly 
disposed to return home and prosecute his advancement. 

Whereupon their W : desire to know what advancement 
his Reverence looks for; that they should recommend it, 
for their W: considering that Dom: Schaets, their old 
minister, is very feeble: and again that it was requisite 
he should remain under existing circumstances, when so 
many strange shepherds are lifting up their heads as we 
daily see ; but the Dom : persisting in his proposal to de- 
part, and should no demission be given him, he reqired a 
simple certificate for he was fully resolved to return Home 
and nothing should persuade him to remain even though 
he left without a certificate. 

Their W : of the court by & with the advice of the con- 
sistory both new & old, resolved, if Domine Dellius is in 
no way to be persuaded to remain, that he may then go 
but on his own authority, and that no Demission can be 
given him, it being contrary to the Will and Inclination 
of the Congregation, 

Die Mercury 8th do 1685. 

The Consistory informs their W : of the Court that the 
Rev. Dom: Godv. Dellius proposed to them as he perceives 
the unwillingness of the Congregation to let him depart, 
that he will conclude to remain until the Spring, and 
jeopardize his call so long, in order to preserve the sheep 
from all straying at this Conjuncture, on condition that 
he shall depart forPatria in the spring & that in the first 
ship. Meanwhile letters shall be written by him & the 
Consistory to the Classis of Amsterdam, Gorcum & to 
the City of Heuclum to procure another Minister in his 
place, in which he shall perform his duty. 

Their W: of the Court answer the Consistory that they 
can inform Dom: Dellius that if his Rev: will resolve to 
remain some years, they shall be well pleased to do their 
duty in affording every satisfaction in the world; but if 

Dutch Church. 85 

not his Rev; may adhere to his previously adopted Re- 


To his Excellency EDWARD Lord Viscount CORNBURY 
her Majes Cap 1 Genii and Govr in Cheiffe of y^ Pro- 
vince of New Yorke, and of New Jersey, and of all 
the tracts and territories of land depending thereon in 
America, and Vice Admiral of y c same etc, and to y e 
Honourable Councill of y e said Province of New York. 
The humble Petition of Johannis Lydius Minister att 
Albany, Humbly shewetb : 

How that your petitioner in obedience to your Excel- 
lency's directions hath to the out most of his er.deavors 
made itt his practice to instruct Indians of y e Five Na* 
tions in the Christian faith, for which service your Ex- 
cellency and Councill hath been pleased to allow your 
humble petitioner a sallary at sixty pounds per annum. 

Your humble petitioner doth therefore most humbly 
pray your Excellency and Councill will be pleased to 
grant him a warrant on y c Collector or Receiver General! 
for one years sallary in y e service as aforesaid, which is 
expired the first of November 1703,* and your humble 
petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c. 


Albany the 30 of December 1703, 

* In Council Min, IX. 48, June 13, 1702, is an entry in which Mr. 
Lydius is styled "Minister of the Dutch Reformed Church at Sche* 
nectady." The statement that he came to this country in 1703, which 
some persons have made, is therefore incorrect. His son, John Henry 
Lydius, who was a prominent Indian Trader in the Colony of N. 
York, died in Kensington, near London, in 1791 aged 98, having re- 
tired to England in 1776. There is a Biographical notice of him in the 
Gent. Mag: vol 61. p. 383, which we refer to here only for the pur- 
pose of putting the Historical Student on his guard against some 
of it which contain more poetry than truth. 

86 Dutch Church. 


To His Excellency Robert Hunter Esqr Cap 1 Generall 
and Governour in Chief of the provinces of New York 
New Jersey and Territories thereon Depending in 
America and vice Admirall of the Same &c 
The Humble Petition of Petrus van Driesen Minister 
of the Nether Dutch Reformed Congregation of the City 
and County of Albany and the Elders and Deacons of the 
said Congregation, Humbly Sheweth 

That the Predecessors of your Excellency's humble 
Petitionrsin the year of our Lord 1G55 & 1656 when this 
towne was Settled did with assistance of the then nether 
dutch Congregation build and Erect at their own proper 
Cost and Charge the Church belonging to the said con- 
gregation (Standing & being in the said City) for their 
Christian devotion and Publick worship of Almighty god, 
in the Exercise of the Reformed protestant Religion, 
which Church is Since been Confirmed to the Mayor 
Alderman & Commonalty of y e Said City by Charter, 
under the Scale of the Province. 

That the said Church being built of timber & boards ia 
by time so much decayd that they find themselves under 
the necessity of building a new one in its place and your 
Petitioners believing your Excellencys Continance and ap 
probation will be very advantageous to them, in this their 

Your Excys Petitioners do therefore most humbly pray 
that your Excellency will please to. approve and Encour- 
age this pious work by signifying such your approbation 
and your petitioners as in duty bound shall Ever pray &c 

I do approbe of what is desired In the petition and re- 
commend the Same to ail who are concernd 

18 June 1714 Ro; HUNTER 

Dutch Church. 87 


To the Honbl 6 Peter Schuyler Esqr President and the 
Rest of his Majesties Council! of the Province of New 
York and the Territories depending thereon in Ame- 

The Humble Petition of Petrus van Driesen Minister 
of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Congregation in the 
City of Albany Joannis Cuyler Joannis Roseboom Hen- 
drick van Renslaer Willem Jacobse van Deusen present 
Elders for the same aud Rutgert Bleecker Volkert van 
Veghten Myndert Roseboom and Dirk Ten Broek present 
Deacons of the said Church. Most Humbly Sheweth. 

That the said Minister Elders and Deacons and other 
the members in Communion of the said Reformed Protest- 
ant Dutch Church have at their own charge built and 
erected a Church within the City of Albany and dedi- 
cated the same to the service of God, and have allso 
purchased Certain two Tenements and Lotts of ground 
for a Poor or alms house and for a Ministers dwelling 
house ; and sundry other small Tracts of Land within the 
said City the Rents and incomes whereof are by them (as 
they were allso by their Predecessors since they were 
Possessed of them) employed for the relief of the Poor 
and other Persons and charitable uses. And the Peti- 
tionrs further say that they and their predecessors have 
for many yeares before this Province was under the 
Government of the Crown of great Brittain and ever 
sinse Peaceably and quietly had and enjoyed the full and 
free Exercise of the Protestant Religion iu the Dutch 
Language according to the Cannons Rules Institucons and 
Church Government Established by the Nationall Synod 
held and assembled in the City of Dort in Holland in the 
year 1618 and 1619- 

And the Petitionrs humbly conceive and are advised 
that they and their Successors would be the better ena- 
bled to employ the Rents and incomes of the Lands and 
Tenements aforesaid for Pious and Charitable uses if they 
were incorporated as some other of the Protestant re- 
formed Dutch Churches in this Province are. 

88 Dutch Church. 

They therefore most Humbly Pra'y yor Honours that 
the Peticonrs and their Successors may be Incorporated 
by Letters Patent under the great seal of this Province 
with such or the like Priviledges and Liberties as are 
granted to the Minister Elders and Deacons of the Re- 
formed Protestant Dutch Church in the City of New York 
and that the said Church and the aforesaid Tenements 
and Lotts of ground and other the Tracts and Parcells of 
Land aforesaid may be Confirmed unto them and their 
Successors for ever under such moderat Quit rent as unto 
yor Honors shall seem meet. 

And yor Petitionrs as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

V D M 

Nomine Synodij. 
New York 3 d day of August 1720. 

To the Honble Peter Schuyler Esqr President and the 
Rest of his Majesties Councill of the Province of 
New York and the Territories depending thereon in 

The Humble Petition of Petrus van Driesen Minister 
of the Dutch Protestant Congregacon in the City of 
Albany Joannis Cuyler Joannis Roseboom Hendrik van 
Renselaer and Willem Jacobse van Driesen the present 
Elders, Rutger Bleeker Volckert van Vegten Myridert 
Roseboom and Dirk ten Broeck the present Deacons of 

That yor Petitionrs did lately most humbly pray yor 
Honors to grant unto them and their Successors Letters 
Pattent under the Great Seal of this Province for incor- 
porating them with such and the like Priviledges and 
Liberties as heretofore granted to the Reformed protest- 
ant Dutch Church in the City of New York together with 
a Confirmation of all such Lands and Tenements as 
they now hold to and for the use of the said Congrega- 

But so it is may it please yor Honors that one Mr 
Hendrik Hansen of the City of Albany has entered a 
Caveat against the passing of the said Patent under pre- 
tence that the Dutch Church erected in the City of Albany 

Dutch Church. 89 

is built on some part of the ground belonging to the said 
Mr Hansen, and altho yor Petitionrs can easily make ap- 
pear that the said pretence is groundless and only made 
up of by the said Hansen to delay yor Petitionrs in the 
Presenting and obtaining of the said Patent. 

They therefore most Humbly Pray that for the Remov- 
ing of all difficultyes and objections that may be raised 
against the passing of the said Patent a Clause may be 
inserted in the Same to save the Right and Title of all 
manner of persons to the Lands and Tenements or any 
part thereof which the Petitionrs by their former petition 
did Humbly pray to be Confirmed unto them and their 

And yor Petitionrs as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

V D M 
Nomine Sijnodeii. 

New York 6th Aug 1720 


May it please your Honour 

In Obedience to your Honors order in Councill of the 
6th of this jnstant Referring to us the Petition of Petrus 
van Driessen Minister of the Dutch Protestant Congrega- 
tion in the City of Albany; Johannis Cuyler, Johannis 
Roseboom, Hendrick Van Renselaer, Willim Jacobse Van 
Deursen the present Elders, Rutgert Bleaker, Volkert 
Van Veghten Myndert Roseboom and Dirk Ten Broek 
the present Deacons of the Same, We have not only 
Maturely considered of the Same, But likewise of their 
former Petition to the same purpose bearing date the 3 l of 
this jnstant and also of a Caveat against the Prayer of 
the Said Petitions Entred by Mr Wileman in behalf of 
Hendrick Hansen bearing date the 4th jnstant. 

And in regard of the Said Congregation is one of the 
Longest Standing in this Government and that they have 
ever since enjoyed the free Exercise of their Discipline and 
Worship, We do Judge the prayers of the said Petitions 
very reasonable, and therefore are of Opinion, that yor 
Honour may Grant a Patent of Encorporation under the 


fpKJ.7 * DwJc/i Church. 

. Inroad seal of this Province to the said Minister Elders 
and Deacons and their Successors for Ever for the free 
use and Exercise of their said Religion and Worship ac- 
cording to the Cannons Rules Institutions and Church 
Government Established by the National Synod held and 
assembled in the City of Dort in Holland in the years 
1618 and 1619 and also such and the like Liberties and 
Priviledges as are Granted to the Ministers Elders and 
Deacons of the Dutch Reformed Churches in the City of 
New York and of the Township of Kingstown respective- 
ly with such Variations and additions as may be proper 
and agreeable to the Present Circumstances of the said 
Congregation and that a Clause ought to be inserted that 
the Yearly Rents and jncornes of the Lands and Tene- 
ments now held by them or hereafter to be holden by 
them, shall not exceed the Sume of three hundred pounds 
Current money of this Province pr ann 

We are likewise of Opinion that not only the Said 
Dutch Church but also the several Lands and Tenements 
of which the said Congregation by Several mean Convey- 
ances now stands seized and possessed of Scituate lyeing 
and being within the City and Corporation of Albany be- 
ing particularly mentioned in a Schedule or List hereun- 
to annexed, may in the said Patent of Incorporation be 
Confirmed unto the said Minister Elders and Deacons and 
to their Successors for Ever Vnder the Yearly Rent or ac- 
knowledgement of one Pepper Corn (if demanded) Save- 
ing nevertheless the Right and Title of all manner of 
Persons Body Politick and Corporate to the aforesaid 
Lands and Tenements or any part or parcel thereof 
all which is nevertheless humbly submitted by 

Your Honours Most Obed 1 humble Servants 

New York Aug. the 8th 1720. R WALTER 


Dutch Church. 


By the Honble Peter Schuyler Esqr President of his 
Majesties Councill for the Province of New York in 

You are hereby authorized and required to prepare the 
Draft of Letters patent for incorporating the Reformed 
protestant Dutch Church in the City of Albany and 
making of them one body corporate and politick to them 
and their Successors forever by the name of the Minis- 
ters Elders and Deacons of the reformed Protestant Dutch 
church in the city of Albany the reverend Petrus van 
Driesen being their present minister Johannes Cuyler 
Johannes Roseboom Henry van Ranselaer and William 
Jacobsen van Deursen being the present Elders Rutgert 
Bleecker Volkerst van Veghten Myndert Roseboom and 
Dirck Ten Broeck being the present Deacons of the 
said Church for the ffree use and exercise of their religion 
and worship according to the Canons rules institutions 
&> church Government established by the National Synod 
of Dort in Holland in the years of Our Lord Christ 1618 
and 1619 with such and the libertys and priviledges as 
are granted to the Ministers Elders and deacons of the 
reformed protestant Dutch church in the city of New 
\ ork or to the Minister Elders & Deacons of the Reform- 
ed Protestant Dutch church of the town of Kingstown in 
Ulster County with such variacons additions or omis- 
sions as they may have found most proper and agreeable 
to their present circumstances from the usage and pre- 
sence of others. Provided always that the yearly income 
of their demesnes whereof they are now or hereafter 
shall become seized and possessed shall not exceed the 
sum of three hundred pounds lawfull money of the Colo- 
ny of New York And you are by the Draft of the said 
Letters Patent to Grant and confirm to them & their 
successors and assigns for ever all the tenements & heri- 
dataments whatsoever whereof they are now seized and 
possessed to and for the sole and only proper use benefit 
and behoof of the aforesaid minister elders and deacons- 
of the reformed protestant Dutch Church in the City of 
Albany their successors and assigns forever saving never- 
[Annals, vi.] 9 

92 Dutch Church. 

thelcss the right & title of any other person or persons, 
body corporate and politick whatsoever to any of the 
aforesaid tenements or hereditaments or to any part or 
parts of any of -them yielding and paying therefore year- 
ly and every year forever unto Our Lord the King his 
heirs and successors forever the annual rent of one 
peppercorn on the feast of the annunciacon of the blessed 
Virgin Mary comonly called Lady day in lieu & stead of 
all other rents services dues duties and demands whatso- 
ever the particular description and limits and boundaryes 
of their present demesnes conteind in a certain schedule 
hereunto annexed and for yor so doing this shall be your 
sufficient Warrant Dated as above. 

Given under my hand & seal at arms at fort George in 
New York this tenth day of Aug 1 in the seventh 
year the Reign of our sovereign Lord George by the 
Grace of God of Great Brittain ffrance and Ireland 
King defendr of the faith c annoq Doi 1720. 

To David Jamison Esq Attorney Generall of the pro- 
vince of New York. 


The Dutch Church Scituate lying an'd being in the said 
City of Albany in the high street otherwise called the 
yonkers street nigh the bridge Containing in length on 
the South side seaven Rodd three foot four jnches on the 
North side seaven Rood three foot one Inch Ryn land 
measure in breadth on the East and West Side Sixty one 
foot and five Inches wood measure dot 2\st Deer 1714 

As allso a Certain Messuage or Tenement or Lot 
of ground Commonly Called the Dutch Ministers house 
scituate lying and being in the City aforesaid in the Brew- 
ers street on the East side thereof in the third Ward 
of the said City being in front from the South to the 
North five Rodd tenn Inches and behind towards the 
River six Rodd Fiveteen Inches Ryn land" measure and in 
length from the Street to the City Stockadoes bounded on 
the South side by Jan Salomonz on the north side by 

Dutch Church. 93 

that late of Hans Hendricks and the widdow of David 
Schuyler. datd 15 July 1692. 

As allso a Certain Messuage or Tenement and Lot of 
Ground Scituate lying and being in the City aforesaid 
Commonly called the Poor or alms house being in the 
first Ward of the said City bounded to the South by the 
high street that leads to the burying place to the North 
of Rutters kill to the East by Harman Rutgers and to the 
West by Gerrit Banker Conteiriing in breadth towards 
the street that leads to the Lutheran Church by the said 
Rutters kill six rodd one Foot and ihe like breadth in the 
Rear in Length on the East side Eight Rodd wanting 
three Inches on the West side Eight rodd and Two Inches 
all Ryn land measure, dat 4th Deer 1685 

As allso all that Certain parcell of Land commonly 
called or known by y c name of y e Pasture scituate lying 
and being to the Southward of the said City near the 
place where the old Fort stood and extending along 
Hudsons River till it come over against the most north- 
erly Point of the Island commonly Called and known by 
the name of Marten Gerritsens Island having to the East 
Hudsons River to the South the manor of Renslaerwyck 
to the West the highway that leads to the City aforesaid 
the Pastures now or late in the Tenure and Occupation 
of Martin Gerrits and the Pasture now or late in the 
Tenure and Occupation of Kasper Jacobs to the north the 
severall Pastures late in the Tenure and occupation of 
Robert Sanders Myndert Harmens and Evert Wendell and 
the Several gardens late in the Tenure and Occupation 
of Dirk Wessels Kiljan van Renselaer and Abraham 
Staats together with the old highway from the Bevers 
kill to the end of Schermerhoorns Pasture adjoining 
to the same on the West side thereof, dat 4th Deer 1688 

As also all that Certain Parcel of Pasture Land scitu- 
ate lying and being to the South of the said City to the 
West of the Pasture last menconed near and about the 
Lirnitts of the said City on the manor of Renselaarwyck 
Conteining in breadth along the waggon way six and 
Twenty Rodd & in Length towards y e woods 25 Rod and 
also a Certain garden Lot of ground Scituate lying and 
being in the great Pasture Conteining in breadth six rodd 

94 Dutch Church. 

and five foot, in Length eight rodd and two foot and 
stretching back wards with another small lot of three rodd 
two foot in length and in breadth one Rodd and two ffoot 
all Rynland measure 3 1st Deer 1700 
New York 3 d day of August 1720. 


By his Excy &c. 

Whereas the Reverend Mr petrus Van Driesen of the 
County of Albany having represented unto me the necessi- 
ty of erecting and building a publick meeting house for the 
Indians in the Mohawk Country in the County of Albany 
in order for the more commodious and frequent assem- 
bling of themselves together for the Solem worship of 
God wch might be a means of bringing over as well the 
Indians there as those in y e adjacent parts to y e know- 
ledge of the principles of the Christian religion & has 
therefore made application to me for iny lycence & 
for that purpose KOW for the furtherance of wch good 
Design I do by virtue of the powers and authoritys unto 
me granted by virtue of his Majestys Lres patent under 
the great Seal of Great Brittain Give and grant unto the 
said petrus Van Driesen full power Liberty Leave & Ly- 
cence to Erect & build a meeting house for the Indians 
in the Mohawks Country in order to y e assembling of 
themselves together for y e solemn worship of God and 
that on any part of the Lands to them belonging as shall 
be found most Convenient for the purposes aforesaid 
Given &c 

The Rev. Joh. Megapolensis and Samuel Drisius, writ- 
ing to the Classis of Amsterdam, Aug. 5, 1657, on the 
state of religion in the province, say: 

Last year Domine Gideon Schaats wrote to your Rev- 
erences concerning the congregation in Renselaers and 
BeverWyck, as he also shall again do. The condition of 
the congregation there is most favorable; it grows 
stronger apace so as to be almost as strong as we are 
here at Manhatan. They built last year a handsome 
preaching house. [Doc. Hist., iii, 104.] 



From O'Callaghan's Documentary History, vol. iii, p. 882-. 

1st Jan'y 1681L 

IIoN d SIR According to former Practise in this Season* 
of y e Year wee have sent this Post, to acquaint yow, how 
all affares are here w l us, which is (thanks be to God)) 
all in Peace & quietnesse, The Lord continue y e Same, 
throw ye hole Governm 1 wee doubt not but yow have seen' 
ye Dreadfull Coinett Starr wh appeared in y e southwest, 
on ye 9th of Decembr Last, about 2 a clock in y e after-- 
noon, fair sunnshyne wether, a litle above y e Sonn, Tfcfo 
takes its course more Northerly, and was seen the Sufi> 
day night after, about twy-Light with a very fyry Tail 
or Streemer in y "West To ye great astoneshment of all 
Spectators, & it is now seen every Night w l Clear weath- 
er, undoubtedly God Threatens us wh Dreadfull Punish- 
ments if wee doe not Repent, wee would have caused y e 
Domine Proclaim a Day of fasting and humiliation to 
morrow to be kept on Weddensday y e 12 Jan in y e Town 
of Albany & Dependencies if wee thought our Power & 
autority did extend so farr, and would have been well 
Resented by Yourself, for all persons ought to humble 
Themselves in such a Time, and Pray to God to With- 
draw his Righteous Jugements from us, as he did to Nin- 
eve Therefore if you would be pleased to graunt your 
approbation wee would willingly cause a day of fasting 
& humiliation to be kept, if it were monthly; whose 
answer wee shall Expect with y e Bearer. 

We cannot forbear to acquaint you w i y e verry great 
Scarcety of Corne throughout our Jurisdiction, which is 
Ten times more then was Expected, now when y* People 
Thresh, soo y l it is Supposed, there will scarce be Corne 
To supply ye Inhabitants here, w l Bread. This is all at 

* Albany City Records. 

96 The Great Comet of 1680. 

present wishing yow & counsell a happy N. Year shall 
break off & Remain. 

The Indian Wattawitt must have a Blankett & shirt 
att York. 

Your humble & ob l Servants 


New Yorke Jan'y 13th 1680. 

Gentlemen, Yor's of the first Instant byjjthe Indian 
post recevd and arn glad to here all things Well, wee haue 
seen the Comett not att the time you mention only in the 
Evening The Streame being very large but know not its 
predicts or Events, and as they Certainly threaten Gods 
Vengence and Judgments and are prmonitors to us Soe I 
Doubt not of yor and each of yor performance of yr 
Duty by prayer &c. as becomes good Christians Especi- 
ally at this time, & hope the next Yeare will make 
amends for an supply yr present Scarcety of Come, The 
Governor went hence the 7th and sailed from Sandy point 
the Eleventh Instant Noe news here but all well I 

Yor affectionate ffriend 




[The church at Kinderhook being intimately identified 
with that at Albany, the following records are appropri- 
ately introduced here from the Council Minutes, vol. ix.*] 


In Councill 12 Nov 1702 

His Excellency in Councill being informed that one 
Paulus van Vleck hath lately wandered about the country 
preaching notwithstanding he hath been formerly forbid 
by his Excellency to do the same and is lately called by 
some of th'e Inhabitants of Kinderhook to be their Clark 
without any License from his Excellency for so doing. 
It is hereby ordered that the high Sheriff of the county 
of Albany do take care to send the s d Van Vleck down 
by the first oppurtunity to answer his contempt before 
this board. 

D'-to Coll Schuyler. 


Kinderhook the 30 of Novemb. Anno Domine 1702. 
In the first year of the Reign of her Majesty Anne, 
Queen of England, Scotland Ireland and France, Defender 
of the Faith, We the undersigned inhabitants of Kinder- 
hook patent acknowledge and Declare that Paulus van 
Vleg during the whole of the time that he hath resided 
here and since he was accepted as Precentor and school- 
master of our Church hath truly comported himself to 
the Great content of our congregation, and that, in all 
the time he was forbid to preach he hath never preached 
in house or barn or in any place in Kinderhook, but that 
he performed the office of precentor as one Hendrick 

*See O'Callaghan's Documentary History, vol. iii, p. 894. 

98 Church of Kinderhook. 

Abelsen, before his death, hath done at Kenderhook ; We 
have received said Paulis van Vleg because one Joghem 
Lamersen (who was our Precentor here) hath resigned 
the precentorship and frequently complained that he could 
not perform its Duties any longer. We further declare 
that the above named Paulus van Vleg never took away 
the key of our church, but that we brought it to him in 



Albany Jany ye 15ih 1702-3. 

Sr Yours of the 10th Decembr came safe to my hands 
with an inclosed Order of Councell for the speedy sum- 
monsing of Johannis Van Alen .Coenradt Borghghrdt, 
Abrahm van Alstyn and Herman van Jansen, the three 
former I have discharged my Duty by sending them to 
my Lord & Councell, as dyrected, but the latter Herman 
van Jansen, is not to be found within my Liberty, no man 
Knowing such a person in this County,* 

Sr I have nothing mare to trouble you with only to 
assure you that I shall allways be very c&refull to ex- 
ecute all Orders I shall Receive from the Govermt And 
make a true returne of the same by the first opportunity. 
Sr Your Humb Ser' 



[_ To his Excellency EDWARD Lord Vice Count CORN- 
BURY &c &c &c. 

The humble petition of Coenraet Burgert, humbly 

That whereas your Lordship's Petitioner is sumoned 
by the Sheriff of the Citty and County of Albany by a 
sumons from Your Lordship and Councill to apear be- 
fore your Excelly & Councell In New Yorke And whereas 

*The warrant was intended for " Lambert" Van Jansen, but "Her- 
man" was inserted, it appears, by mistake. 

Church of Kinderhook. 99 

I demanded a Copy of the Sumonce from the Sheriff & 
would give him all Due Satisfaction therefore which he 
Denyed to give me, soe that as yett I know not what is 
aleadged against me; therefore Your Excelly & Councills 
petitioner humblys Begs Your ExcelFy favour to Refer the 
Case till the Spring of the year by Reason of the Could 
Winter and Ilconveniencys to my Great Damage of my 
family or If Your Excell: Would be Pleased to Referrthe 
Case to be Decided by any Justice or Justices of the 
Peace, In Our County whom your Lordship shall Please 
to apoint which favour the Knowledge of yr Excellencys 
honour and Justice gives me no Reason to Doubt: of and 
your Petitioner as In Duty bound shall always Pray. 


28th January 1702. 

Read in Councill & Rejected 


Albany Merch ye 2d 1702-3. 

Sr Yors of y e 26th Jany came safe to my hands and 
was Surprised to find that the three men I summoned by 
order of Councell have not made their appearance ; for 
they gave me faithfull assurance of their faithfull perform- 
ance, I have according to order sumond Lammert van 
Jansen and allso spook to the other three, so that all four 
designe to be at the Councell before next week Expires; 
as to your other Letter concerning the No of Males &c 
wth in this County I shall answare with all the Expedi- 
tion that may be, which is all from Sr 

Your most humble Serv 1 


In Council llth March 1702. 

John Van Alen Coenraedt Borghghrdt Abraham van 
Alstyn and Lammert Jansen appeared before this Board 
this day in obedience to an order of Councill, and they ac- 
knowledging their error & submitting themselves thereon 
were discharged with a caution to be more careful] for the 



Continued from vol. v, p. 7. 


Bank Speculations. The banking capital of the state 
was at this time $20,350,000, exclusive of $810,000 which 
the state reserved the privilege of subscribing, making 
an aggregate of $21,160,000. Notices were given of ap- 
plication for the incorporation of 18 more banks, with an 
aggregate capital of $15,250,000. Three of these were 
from Albany, namely, the Merchants' Bank, the Com- 
mercial Bank, and North River Bank; in New York, 
Millers' Bank, Grocers' Bank, Commission Company, 
Coal Company, Patent Cloth Manufacturing Company, 
North River Company, Vermont Mining and Smelting 
Company, also one at Utica, Schenectady, Johnstown, 
Cooperstown, Auburn, Canandaigua, Geneva, Oxford. 

May 29, The Albany regiment on the frontier sustained 
the loss of Lieut. Col. Mills, who was killed in the un- 
successful attack of the British on Sackets Harbor. He 
was mainly instrumental in raising the regiment, and was 
active and efficient in the public service. (See Alb. Ar- 
gus June 15, 1813. and May 30, 1844.) 

June 7. Messrs. Websters & Skinners announced for 
sale The Albany Directory, containing an alphabetical 
list of the inhabitants, &c., published by them, price SOcts. 
This was the Directory of Mr. Joseph Fry, the first in 
the city, which was reprinted in vol. v of Annals. 

June 14. A writer in the Gazette urges the importance 
of filling up the ravines in the city; he says : "Unless the 
glens are filled up, the appearance of the city must aU 
ways be very inelegant and forbidding; exhibiting belts 
of buildings separated by extensive, desolate and almost 
impassable chasms." . 

July 2. A very handsome corps of about 400 infantry, 
under Col. Cutting, marched from Greenbush on Wed- 
nesday, July 1 , and encamped for the night on the hill 

Notes from th e Ne wspapers. 101 

west of the Capitol, their destination being the western 
frontier. On the morning following the citizens of Lion 
street made up a contribution, and furnished the whole 
corps with a plentiful treat, after which they took up 
their line of march. 

July. At the annual election of officers of the Mecha- 
nics' and Farmers' Bank, Isaac Hutton was chosen 
president, and Thos. Lennington, Peter Boyd, Benj. 
Knower, Russell Foisyth*, Wm. Fowler,* Win. Boyd, 
Elisha Dorr, Walter Weed, Giles W. Porter*, Benj. Van 
Benthuysen, Chas E. Dudley, and Thos. Herring, Direc- 

July 20. Green & Co advertise that they have just pub- 
lish a Treatise on the Disorders of Horned Cattle, &c. 

July 21. Bread 21bs. lOoz. and 21bs. 14oz. for 1 shilling. 

Sept. 17. A meeting of the common council was held 
on the arrival of the news of Perry's victory, when they 
resolved to present him the freedom of the city, and an 
elegant sword; that the bells of the city should be rung 
at 12 o'clock, and continue one hour, and a federal 
salute be fired; that the masters and owners of vessels 
should manifest their joy by the usual marks and demon- 
strations on such occasions, and that the military should 
be requested to turn out on the occasion. There was 
consequently as much demonstration of joy as could well 
be expressed. 

Oct. 11. Bread 21bs. 3oz. and 21bs. 7oz. for Is. 

The corner stone of the Second Presbyterian church 
was laid on Monday, Oct. 11, by the Rev. Dr. Neill, and 
a most solemn, impressive and appropriate address and 
prayer delivered, in presence of the trustees of said church 
and a respectable number of citizens. The site of this 
church is in Chapel street, between Maiden Lane and 
Pine street; the edifice to be 68 feet by 99, including the 
tower, and to be built of stone. The gentlemen com- 
posing the first board of trustees are James Kane, John 
L. Winne, Nathaniel Davis,* Joseph Russell, and Rode- 
rick Sedgwick. 

Oct. 18. Gilbert Stewart, Richard Lush and James 
Warren gave notice that they should apply to the legis- 

* Surviving, 1854. 

102 Notes from the Newspapers. 

lature for a charter to incorporate the President, Direc- 
tors and Company of the Merchants' Bank in the City of 
Albany, with a capital of one million of dollars. 

Oct. 20. John Bogart, George Webster, E. F. Backus, 
Joseph H. Webb and Vinal Luce gave notice of applica- 
tion to the legislature for a charter to incorporate the 
Albany Commercial Bank, with a capital of $1 ,250,000. 

Oct. 28. A reading room was kept by one John Cook, 
the terms of admission to which were $6 to the reading 
room alone, and $10 a year including the library. Some 
thirty years later the Young Men's Association provided 
extensive reading rooms, a large library and attractive 
lectures during the winter, for the small sum of two 

Nov. 8. Commodore Perry arrived in the city and put 
up at the Eagle Tavern. 

Nov. 28. A collection taken in the First Presbyterian 
church in aid of the funds of the society for the relief of 
indigent women and children, amounting to $ 170*09. 

On the same evening a collection was taken for the 
same object in the North Dutch Church, which amounted 
to $231-47 

Spafford in his Gazetteer says : There is a steam boat 
running constantly between Albany and Troy, for the 
accommodation of passengers, performing four passages 
each day. The public stages are very numerous that 
centre in Albany, and the facilities which these afford of 
traveling by land, correspond with the importance of the 
place and the intercourse with every part of the country. 
The line for Utica runs through every day; for New 
York in two days, for Burlington in Vermont in two days ; 
and there are stages for every part of the country with 
very little delay of conveyance. 

Speaking of the " elegant conveniences'' afforded by 
steam navagation on the Hudson, the same author says 
there were at this time three steam boats plying between 
Albany and New York, the largest of which was 170 feet 
long and 28 wide, which performed their trips in the 
average time of thirty to thirty-six hours. Their periods, 
he says, were very regular and uniform, and they had 
excellent accommodations, being designed for passengers 

Notes from the Newspapers. 103 

exclusively, passage and board, $7. " Independent of 
the novelty and ingenuity of the mode, unknown in 
Europe, the despatch, certainty of time, and entire 
security, with the perfect convenience and ease with 
which we pass so rapidly from place to place, we enjoy 
the proud reflection that the invention is American, and 
that no other portion of the world enjoys such facilities 
of intercourse. Could the bold and intrepid Hudson 
have known what two centuries would produce on the 
newly discovered waters that his little boat first explored, 
how would his heart have glowed with great emotions." 

Dec. 5. A collection was taken up in the Episcopal 
church for the benefit of the Ladies' society, incorporated 
for the benefit of indigent women and children, amount- 
ing to $200. The total amount taken in the three 
churches for this object was $602*56, besides private 
donations made about the same time. 

Dec. 6. The common council passed a resolution offer- 
ing a reward of $1000 to any person discovering a coal 
mine within the distance of five miles from the navigable 
waters of the Hudson river, of a strata not less than 4 feet. 

Dec. 13. The common council regulated the price of 
bread, which, it will be seen by the foregoing journal,, 
was constantly fluctuating with the price of flour. About 
this time flour was $1 1 a barrel, and the common council,, 
it appears by the manifesto of the bakers, sought to coerce 
the flour dealers by making the assize of bread corres- 
pond to $9 per barrel, which was 21bs. lOoz. for 1 shilling. 
This threw a heavy burden upon the bakers, and they re- 
solved to stop business, and thereby starve the people 
into terms. 

Dec. 19. The house erected for the Methodist Episco- 
pal church in Division street was dedicated at 2 o'clock 
in the afternoon. This edifice was purchased by the 
Unitarian society and remodeled in 1844. 

Dec. 23. John Bogart, John Townsend,William Marvin,. 
Josiah Sherman, Joseph Webb, Henry W. Delavan, E. F_ 
Backus, Peter P. Dox, Geo. Webster, Peter Van Loon,. 
John Boardman and others, gave notice of application to 
the legislature for an act of incorporation under the name- 
of the North River bank, with a capital of $1,250,000. 

[Annals, vi.] 10 

104 Notes from the Newspapers. 


Jan. 11. The subject of building a bridge across the 
Hudson at Albany was agitated at this time, and met 
with spirited opposition from Troy, who represented 
that their town had for a long time struggled against in- 
conveniences arising from natural obstructions in the bed 
of the river between this place and Albany; but now 
look with the most lively satisfaction at the result of their 
long and arduous exertions, which, aided by the 'bounty 
of the state, have effected an easy and convenient pas- 
sage for their vessels in those waters. 

Jan. 17. The common council appropriated $1000 for 
the relief of the suffering inhabitants on the western 
frontier. Private subscriptions were also opened for the 
same purpose. A collection was taken up in the Episco- 
pal church, which amounted to $320. At a subsequent 
meeting of the common council, January 24, a further 
sum of $3000 was appropriated to the same purpose. 
The receipts of a benefit at the Theater amounted to 

Feb. 6. Annual sermon before the Bible society. The 
collection on the occasion was $251, and $20 by an un- 
known hand was added subsequently. 

March 6. A charity sermon was preached in the North 
Dutch church by Dr. Nott and a collection taken up for 
the benefit of the Humane society, amounting to $474. 

March 11. Mr. Bleecker, from the committee of the 
house of assembly on the bridge across the Hudson at 
Albany, reported adversely to the project; but the house 
disagreed with the committee in their report, and ordered 
that the petitioners have leave to introduce a bill to in- 
corporate the Hudson River Bridge company ; which was 
read twice and committed. 

May 9. The new steam boat Fulton made her first 
departure from the landing at Albany. She was adver- 
tised to take a limited number of passengers, no. more 
than could be comfortably accommodated, at $10 each. 
She took 60 passengers, and made but one trip and re- 
turn a week. She was built to ply between New York 
and New Haven, but the presence of British cruisers 

Notes from the Newspapers. 105 

rendered the navigation of the sound unsafe. She was 
commanded by Captain Bunker. 

May 31. With pleasure we. inform the public that 
arrangements have been made to carry the mail from 
Albany to Brattleboro twice a week, by a regular line of 
stages, to start from Brattleboro in the morning and ar- 
rive at Albany the same day. The gentleman engaged 
in this enterprise, Mr. Hicks, will allow no accident to 
happen by any inattention of his. We hope the pro- 
prietors of the Green Mountain Turnpike will spare no 
pains to keep the roads in repair, by which the travel 
from Boston to Albany can be performed with greater 
safety than by any other route. 

Sept. 3. A meeting of the citizens was held at the Cap- 
itol, which recommended the suspension of specie pay- 
ments by the banks, in consequence of a similar step by 
the banks of New York and Philadelphia. 

Troy. The number of inhabitants in Troy in 1810, 
was 3,894, in 1814, 4,836 increase in 4 years, 945. 

Geo. W. Mancius was removed from the post office 
and Peter P. Dox appointed in his stead. The former had 
retained the office a long time. 


The census of the county of Albany was as follows: 

Towns. 1810. 1814. Gain. Loss. 

Watervliet 2365 2564 ' 199 

Colonie 1406 1657 251 

City of Albany 9356 10083 727 

Bethlehem 4430 4325 102 

Coeymans 3574 3272 302 

Rensselaerville 5928 5333 95 

Bern 5134 4447 689 

Guilderland 2466 2264 202 

34661 33945 1177 1890 

The number of free white males, 4,860; do. females, 
5,063; slaves, 100; total 10,023. 

March 16. A law passed the legislature for dividing 
the towns of Rensselaerville and Coeymans, and forming 
from them the town of Westerlo. 

106 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The town of Colonie was annexed to the city of Albany 1 
by an act of the legislature, forming the fifth ward. 

Illumination of the city on occasion of the restoration 
of peace. 

Collections were taken up about this time in the dif- 
ferent churches for the benefit of the Society for the Relief 
of Indigent Women and Children, which resulted as fol- 

In the Reformed Dutch Church $230'00 

Episcopal Church 158'00 

Presbyterian Church 90'22 

Rev. Mr. McDonald's Church 59'28 

Baptist Church 8'51 

Catholic Church 25'19 

April 3. Bread 21bs. 14 oz. for Is. 
May 8. do. 2 12 

May 1. Notice. Wm. McHarg having taken into part- 
nership Rufus H. King, the business in future will be 
conducted under the firm of McHarg & King, No. 51 South 
Market (late Court) street. 

May. The clergymen of the different churches in the 
city at this time were as follows: 

John M. Bradford, 1st R. P. Dutch. 

John De Witt, 2d " 

William Neill, 1st Presbyterian. 

John Me Donald, 2d 

Timothy Clowes, St. Peter's. 

Isaac Webb, 1st Particular Baptist. 

John McJimsey, Associate Reformed. 

Frederick G. Mayer, Lutheran. 



Division of the Dutch Church. There were two edi- 
fices belonging to the Reformed Protestant Dutch con- 
gregation, which still remained united in one society, 
holding property in common, and usually designated as 
the North Dutch Church and the South Dutch Church. 
They were under the pastoral charge of the Rev. John 
M. Bradford and John De Witt. At this time there was 
some difference of feeling existing among the people, which 
led to a separation of interests, and a division of property. 
By an arrangement the North Church retained the ancient 

Notes from the Newspapers. 107 

title, with Dr. Bradford as pastor, and the South Church 
assumed the title of the Second Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church and retained Dr. De Witt. The Great 
Consistory (which consisted of the existing members and 
surviving exmembers) was composed of the following 
persons at this time : 

Elders. Died. Elders. Died. 

Isaac Bogart, Sept. 27, 1818 Casparus Pruyn 

Harm's A. Wendell, July 16, 1819 Ab'm Ten Eyck, Oct., 1824 
Elbert Willett, Feb. 1, 182S Deacons. 

William Staats, May, 1825 Christian Miller, Dec. 1844 

Simeon De Witt, Dec. 3, 1834 Jas. La Grange, Feb. 16. 1837 

Jacob Van Loon, David Pruyn. Jan. 1843 

Henry I. Bogart, Jan. 1821 John I. OstranJer. 

John H. Wendell, July 10, 1832 Jacob I. Lansing, June 4, 1830 

Sanders Lansing, Sept. 19, 1850 Peter W. Hilton! 
Henry R. Lansing, Aug. 10, 1819 

June. The corporation appropriated fifty acres, of 
valuable land, in a very healthy and salubrious situation, 
on the south bounds of the city, half a mile west of the 
river, and near the present poor house establishment, 
for the new alms house, which is contemplated, and for 
gardens, &c., to be connected with the institution. 

At this time the Academy was being built, for the en- 
dowment of which grants had been made; also, for the 
erection of a school-house for poor children, on the plan 
of Lancaster. The appropriations of the city to these 
purposes, exclusive of the sites, were not less than a 
hundred or a hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 

The Academy is represented as situated on the north- 
west corner of the public square, on a line with the Cap- 
itol. The main building is 80 feet long by 70, and the 
wings 30 feet by 45. The building to be three stories 

The Lancaster school-house is to be on a scale suffi- 
ciently large for the reception of 500 children in one 
room. The building to be two stories, exclusive of the 
basement story. Its site is in Eagle street, at its inter- 
section with Lancaster street, formerly Tiger street a 
very happy and appropriate change in the name, and we 
trust ominous of great good to the rising generation. 

The corner-stone of the Academy was laid on Satur- 

108 Notes from the Newspapers. 

day afternoon, at four o'clock, July 29, by Philip S. Van 

To expand the circle of social intercourse and human 
happiness, by the mild influence of the arts and sciences, 
which so eminently embellish and invigorate the intellec- 
tual faculties of man, our corporation have munificently 
contributed, by laying the corner-stone of the Albany 
-Academy on Saturday last, with an adequate appropria- 
tion to complete it. 

That this ancient city should be thus late in the estab- 
lishment of a permanent seminary for the higher grades 
of education, might excite some surprise, if the genius of 
the government under which it was founded, the succes- 
sive revolutions it experienced during its colonial depend- 
ence, the change of language and laws imposed by its 
cession to the English, and the superior attractions of its 
younger sister on the sea-board, were either unknown 
or disregarded. 

Until the New-England colonists, who, laboring under 
common apprehensions, and actuated by a common im- 
pulse, transported their families and religious institu- 
tions, matured by a strict discipline, under the fostering 
care of pious and intelligent men, whose prominent ob- 
ject was to secure for themselves and their posterity a 
permanent asylum from religious intolerance, this city 
was first peopled by emigrants from most of the pro- 
vinces of the United Netherlands. Induced to abandon 
their native country from the greatest variety of motives 
by which freemen, accustomed to Yoam at will in quest 
of wealth, comfort or enjoyment, through every acces- 
sible region of the globe, could be influenced unallied 
by the ties or hopes of a common creed under the aus- 
pices of a great and opulent mercantile company, of lim- 
ited duration, but whose charter limits comprised a vast 
extent of countries, abounding with the richest produc- 
tions, incomparably more estimable, in a commercial 
point of view, than this, and whose pursuits, connected 
with immediate emolument, rendered remote objects 
either of perfect indifference or of minor importance. 

As with the language, laws and manners of the Eng- 
lish, the Dutch were wholly unacquainted, the old and 

Notes from the Newspapers. 109 

new inhabitants, repelled by mutual dislike, had little in- 
tercourse with each other, the latter gradually neglected 
their common schools. To substitute others, required a 
long series of years, protracted by national feelings, an- 
tipathies and prejudices, which were slowly but progres- 
sively subsiding, when the Revolution, like an irresistible 
torrent, leveled every barrier of separation, by present- 
ing the most fascinating point of union within the range 
of human propensities a contest for equal rights, which 
had been highly cherished, gallantly defended, and suc- 
cessfully asserted by both nations; and while the recol- 
lections which so enthusiastically identify the deeds of 
national ancestors with the feelings and passions of their 
posterity were forcibly associated with the objects of the 
strife, the banners of freedom waved over their united 
bands elevated their minds above the petty distinctions 
which divided brethren into discordant sections taught 
them truly to estimate each other's worth, and inspired 
those liberal and manly sentiments which have so salu- 
tary a tendency to absorb private into public interests. 
The establishment of an academy, the effect of a united 
effort, is one of the many happy fruits of this concord. 

While in every revolving year some traces of distinct 
European origin is merged in the national stream, the 
elevating connection is daily becoming more impressive, 
that the proudest national boast of the natives -of this 
highly distinguished country is, that they have the honor 
to be Americans. 

The copper-plate deposited at the laying of the corner- 
stone had the following inscription : 

Erected for an Academy, anno 1815, 

By the corporation of the city of Albany. 

Philip S. Van Rensselaer, Mayor. 

John Van Ness Yates, Recorder. 

Building Committee Philip S. Van Rensselaer, John Brinckerhoff, 

Chauncey Humphrey, James Warren, and Killian K. Van Rensselaer. 

Seth Geer, Architect. 

H. W. Snyder, Sculpt. 

June 16. The well-known partnership of James and 
Archibald Kane was dissolved, the former assuming the 
settlement of the business. 

Some citizens of Albany, among whom were Peter P. 

110 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Dox and Philip S. Parker, sent Cobbett a suit of clothes, 
of American manufacture entire, as a compliment for the 
" able, independent and masterly manner" -in Vhich he 
had conducted the Register. A great portion of his paper 
of July 22 is taken up with his reply to admirers in Al- 
bany, and closes with a request that they will send him 
half a dozen ears of the dwarf kind of Indian corn. 

Aug. 2. Died, Mr. James Ladd, keeper of the Albany 
Coffee House, Green street. 

Aug. 11. A movement was made by the owners of 
property in Pearl street to have that street opened 
through the fifth ward to the northern bounds of the 
city. A meeting of the citizens was called, and a com- 
mittee appointed to petition the corporation, and attend 
to the business of the project. 

The line of stages from Albany to Manlius, via Cherry 
Valley, is again extended to Canandaigua, and performs 
the whole distance, 200 miles, in two days, arriving at 
Canandaigua three times a week. The old mail line, via 
Utica, will perform the route from Albany to Geneva in 
two days. The distance from Albany to Geneva by the 
way of Utica is about the same as to Canandaigua by 
Cherry Valley. 

Sept. 3. The new Presbyterian Church in Chapel street 
was dedicated on Sunday, when a very excellent and 
appropriate discourse was delivered, by the Rev. Dr. 
Neill, to the most numerous concourse of people ever 
before assembled in this city on a similar occasion. On 
Tuesday, September 5th, the pews on the first floor were 
put up for sale, and about ninety struck off, producing a 
sum exceeding $35,000, and leaving upwards of forty 

The Academy was announced to open on the second 
Monday in September, under Benj. Allen, LL.D., of 
Union College, and Messrs. Neill, Beck and Sedgwick 
were the committee to receive applications for admis- 

J. Demarest established a twice-a-day line of stages 
between Waterford and Albany, passing through Lan- 
singburgh and Troy. Fare from Waterford was 62 1 cts. ; 
from Lansingburgh, 50; and from Troy, 37 J cts. 

Notes from the Newspapers. Ill 

Sept. 25. On the 25th of September, the first number 
of the Albany Daily Advertiser made its appearance, 
printed by John W. Walker, for Theodore D wight, at 
95 State street. 

Oct. 11. David E. Gregory and Peter Bain having 
connected themselves in business, under the firm of 
Gregory & Bain, are now opening, and offer for sale, at 
the store lately occupied by Messrs. Robert Hyslop & Co., 
corner of Market street and Mark lane [now the north- 
west corner of the Exchange building], a large and 
general assortment of china, glass and earthen ware, on 
liberal terms for cash or approved credit. 

Important Discovery: A Coal Mine. It gives us the 
greatest pleasure, to learn, that a valuable coal mine has 
been discovered near the Harrowgate springs, at Green- 
bush, opposite the city, and about one fourth of a mile 
from the Hudson river. Within forty feet of the sur- 
face of the earth, a stratum of coal, of six feet in depth, 
has been found, and appearances warrant the belief that 
the mine is large and extensive. The coal is of an 
excellent quality, and a shaft is now sinking, in order 
to commence working the mine. Albany Gazette. 

Oct. 23. Notice was given that the poor debtors, con- 
fined in prison in this city, are in a suffering condition, 
for want of the necessaries of life. The public charity, 
and that of individuals, if dispensed in their favor, 
would be received with gratitude and thanks. 

Oct. 27. A meeting of the citizens of Albany was 
held, at the Tontine Coffee House, to take into con- 
sideration the most effectual means for the abolition of 
the great and increasing number of individual and com- 
pany bills, which were the general medium of circula- 
tion, and had become extremely vexatious. 

November. An effort was made about this time to 
discover a vein of coal, and several individuals perse- 
vered in sinking a shaft for that purpose, under the im- 
pression that former attempts hereabout had failed from 
too slight and superficial examinations. 

Died, on Saturday, November 4th, Goldsbrow Banyar, 
aged 91. He was born in England, but came to this 
country in early life, where he ever after resided. For 

112 Notes from the Newspapers. 

many years prior to the Revolution, he was deputy-sec- 
retary of the province, and as the secretary was absent, 
the important and laborious duties of that office were per- 
formed by Mr. Banyar in a manner highly honorable to 
his talents and integrity, and very advantageous to the 
province. Through his very long life he was considered 
a man of strict and unimpeachable integrity, punctual 
and faithful in the discharge of his public duties, and 
virtuous and amiable in the private relations of life 
respected by his numerous acquaintance, and aflfection- 
ately esteemed and beioved by his family and friends. 
His funeral took place on Monday afternoon, at St. 
Peter's, when a sermon was preached by Mr. Clowes. 

Nov. 17. Died, on Friday morning, Nov. 17, very sud- 
denly, Mr. Balthazar Lydius, in the 78th year of his age. 
He was a very eccentric character, and the last male 
descendant of one of the most ancient and respectable 
Dutch families of the city. 

Nov. 21. Died, on Tuesday evening, Nov. 21, Mr. 
Peter P. Dox, postmaster of this city, and late sheriff of 
the city and county of Albany. His funeral was attended 
with masonic honors and a numerous concourse of friends 
and citizens, 

The Christmas and New- Year holidays seem to have 
been celebrated with considerable uproariousness about 
this time, since the common council found it necessary 
to pass a resolution to double the watch on the nights of 
the 24th, 25th, 26th, and 31st December, and the 1st and 
2d January; and to enforce the prohibition against the 
firing of guns, pistols, &c., on the days and nights above 


Specie at Albany is as low as six per cent, premium, 
and we have understood that some of our brokers have 
declined purchasing at that price. 

Gerrit L. Dox was appointed postmaster, in the place 
of his brother, Peter P. Dox, deceased. 

The thermometer stood at 13 and 14 degrees below 
zero on Sunday and Tuesday mornings, Jan. 14 and 16. 

At the January session, the following were admitted 

Notes from the Newspapers. 113 

solicitors in chancery: Peter Gansevoort, John Crary, 
Chas. H. Ruggles, John P. Cushman. 

Jan. 18. In consequence of the great change in the 
weather, the ice in the Hudson broke up between Albany 
and Troy, and a sloop, laden with wheat and provisions, 
was brought down with the ice to this city, where it sunk. 

Feb. 2. The expenses of the Lancaster School for the 
past year were as follows : 

Salary of the teacher $700'00 

Rent of school-room (the school-house was not 

done) 82-50 

For fitting up Pettibone stoves and ventilating . 91-00 
Incidental expenses 331*03 


W. A. Tweed Dale was preceptor. 

The income of the society arose from the following 
sources : 
Allowance by the corporation out of the excise 

receipts $50000 

School fund appropriation 487'66 

Tuition fees from the scholars 400'00 


The number of scholars instructed during the year was 
400, of which 200 were new scholars; that is, who had 
not previously attended the school. 

Feb. 7. A meeting was held at the Tontine Coffee 
House, to urge the subject of the canal upon the atten- 
tion of the people and the legislature. The call was 
signed by Archibald Mclntyre, James Kane, John Wood- 
worth, Wm. James, Barent Bleecker, Renssalaer West- 
erlo, John Van Schaick, Chas. E. Dudley, Dudley Walsh, 
H. Bleecker. The importance of the measure was 
strongly urged upon the public, and committees appointed 
to each ward, for the purpose of procuring signatures to 
a memorial to the legislature. 

Feb. 25. A charity sermon was preached in the North 
Dutch Church, by Rev. Dr. Bradford, which produced, 
for the benefit of the Society for the Relief of Indigent 
Women and Children, the sum of $218'68. 

114 Notes from the Newspapers. 

March 1. The prices for freight established by the 
owners of sloops on the river was published on the 1st 
of March ; among which were the following items : 
Wheat and other grain, 5d. per bushel; flour, 25 cts. per 
barrel; liquors, $1*25 per pipe; iron, 12| cts. per hund- 
red weight; paper, 6d. per ream; tea, per chest, $1'25; 
dry goods, 6s. to 8s. per trunk; sugar and tobacco, 12 J 
cts. per hundred pounds. 

March 3. Died, on Sunday morning, Maus R. Van 
Vranken, an active and patriotic officer, for many years 
on the civil list of the county of Albany. 

March 18. The cold this morning, as late as half-past 
six, was 4 below zero. This is unusual and extraor- 
dinary severity for the season. There have been only 
three or four colder mornings the past winter. The ice 
in the Hudson against the upper part of the city is 
heaped together in great masses, and will probably bind 
the river till April. 

March 18. A meeting of the citizens was held at the 
Capitol, for the purpose of organizing a society for the 
purpose of establishing an African Sunday school. The 
prominent actors were Isaac Hutton, Timothy Clowes, 
Theodore Sedgwick, Geo. Upfold, jr., John Stearns, &c., 
who were among all the popular benevolent movements 
of the day. 

March 20. The manager of the Theatre gave a benefit 
to William B. Winne, front door-keeper, and the citizens 
were appealed to in his behalf, in consideration of his 
long and meritorious services, having punctually fulfilled 
the duties of his station, through wind and rain, fair 
weather and foul. Adrian and Orilla and the Adopted 
Child were played. 

March 21. The managers of the Society for the Relief 
of Indigent Women and Children reported that the ex- 
penses for the last year were: For the relief of 79 
women and 175 children, $484'26; expenses attending 
clothing and education of 30 scholars, including teacher's 
salary, fuel, and repairs of school-house, $446*45; total, 

March 24. A sabbath evening school was established 
at Mr. Young's school-room, in Washington street, and 

Notes from the Newspapers. 1 15 

appears to have been countenanced by the Moral Society. 
It was attended by 150 children and 50 adults. 

April 9. The bill " erecting the village of Troy into a 
city" passed the legislature. Albert Paulding was 
elected the first mayor, and William L. Messey, re- 

April 10. The legislature provided by law for a school 
in Albany for colored people. 

April 28. A most destructive fire broke out in the 
commons of this city on Sunday last [April 28] , which 
extended its ravages to Guilderland and Watervliet, and 
was not wholly extinguished at the end of four days. It 
has, in its extensive progress, done incalculable damage 
to the young growing wood and timber, and consumed 
many thousand loads of fire wood and valuable timber 
which was cut down. We have heard of no buildings 
being destroyed, but all the fences of the enclosed fields 
within its range are entirely swept away. 

Colonel Rensselaer Westerlo was elected a representa- 
tive in congress for the ninth congressional district, by 
a majority exceeding 800. Col. EJisha Jenkins was the 
democratic candidate opposed to him. 

Among the steam boats building at this time for the 
various cities of the Union, at Brown & Eckford's 
ship-yard in New York, mentioned by a writer who had 
been to view them, was *' a new and very large and pow- 
erful steam boat, of 146 feet keel, presumed to be the 
largest ever built, to run between New York and Albany, 
and designed to perform the route by the light of a single 

May 2. The election this year resulted, as usual, in 
the triumph of the federal ticket. Ruftis King received 
1770 votes for governor, and Daniel D. Tompkins 980. 
George Tibbits, of Troy, received also 1770 votes for 
lieut. governor, and Tayler 960. Rensselaer Westerlo 
ran for congress, and M. Lovett was- also supported by 
the federalists. The democratic candidate was Mr. Jen- 
kins. The following table will show the vote of the 
towns, and the relative strength of the parties. The 
election commenced on Tuesday, April 1, and continued 

[Annals, vi.] 11 

116 Notes from the Newspapers. 

three days, as was the custom for about twenty-five 
years after: 

Towns. King. Tompkins. Tibbits. Tayler. Westerlo. Jenkins. Lovett. 
























Guilderland, .... 
Rensselaerville, . 













1770 980 1770 960 2180 1418 277 

May 14. The roofs of the houses and the neighboring 
hills were covered with snow, and the country in many 
places had the appearance of winter, the hills being as 
white as in the month of January. 

May 24. Died, on Friday, May 24, Dudley Walsh, late 
president of the Bank of Albany, aged 55. He was dis- 
tinguished, says his obituary notice in the Daily Adver- 
tiser, for the temperance and regularity of his life. He 
was the builder of his own fortune and character; having 
come to this country from a foreign land, and begun his 
career unaided and alone; and his industry, intelligence 
and integrity placed him at the head of the commercial 
interest. "As a Christian, a citizen and a merchant, he 
had no superior here." 

July 1. Dr. Wm. Bay and others having presented the 
common council, on the 24th June, a memorial on the 
subject of a better and more economical mode of afford- 
ing relief to the poor of the city, that body took the 
matter in consideration, and divided the poor into five 
districts, giving to each a physician, as follows: 1st, 
Wm. Bay; 2d, Jas. Low; 3d, Chas. D. Townsend; 4th, 
Peter Wendell; 5th (Alms House), Platt Williams. 
They were to receive $200 each, which was considered 
to be a very great saving in the medical expense of the 
city, and a most promising means of reducing the ex- 
pense for the support of the poor families, in a more 
speedy manner than could by the old arrangement be 

Notes from the Newspapers. 1 17 

July 4. This day was celebrated much in the usual 
way. Lt. J. 0. Cole read the Dec. Independence, and 
the oration was pronounced by the Rev. Mr. De Witt. 

July 18. Notice was given that books of subscription 
to the stock of the Erie and Champlain canals were open 
at various points in the state, and at Albany by Philip 
S. Van Rensselaer, John Lansing, jr., John Woodworth, 
Harmanus Bleecker and Wm. James. 

The council of appointment, being democrats, removed 
Philip S. Van Rensselaer, who had been the popular 
mayor of the city during the last 17 years. At a meet- 
ing of the common council, on the 29th July, a com- 
mittee, consisting of Messrs. McKown, Cooper and Van 
Vechten, was appointed to prepare an address to the 
mayor, expressive of their disapprobation of the act. 

At this term of the supreme court, held at the Capi- 
tol, James Dexter, Welcome Esleeck and John E. Lovett 
were admitted as attorneys. 

This season was remarkable for many eccentricities of 
the weather. There was a great snow storm in June, 
which extended from Massachusetts to Canada, when 
everything over a large tract of country had the appear- 
ance of winter. The weather was extremely cold and 
dry, and frost was noticed in every month of the year 
within 30 miles of this city a calamity never known 

Sept. 1. An experiment was made by Capt. Roorback, 
of the steam boat Car of Neptune, of burning coal instead 
of wood on his boat; the great consumption of wood by 
the boats having already increased its price in New York 
and Albany. The want of judgment and experience in 
this first use of coal led to much detention on the route, 
and she performed the trip in 35 hours, which was con- 
sidered quite satisfactory, and a successful experiment. 

Sept. 9. Gen. Henry K. Van Rensselaer died, aged 73. 

Sept. 24. The election of charter officers resulted in 
the success of the federalists, the board standing the 
same as the previous year 12 feds , 8 demos. In the 
third ward there was no opposition to the federal ticket. 

The Albany Reading Room and Library was com- 

118 Notes from the Newspapers. 

menced in 1809 by John Cook, with 82 subscribers, James 
Kane bestowing the rent of the room gratuitously. In 
September, 1816, he appealed to the public for an in- 
crease of patronage, or he must abandon it. He had 
then 131 subscribers. 

Sept. 26. On Thursday, Sept. 26, the corner stone of 
the Lutheran Church at the corner of Lodge and Pine 
streets, was laid by the Rev. Mr. Mayer, assisted by 
Philip Hooker, architect. 

Oct. 7. John Stilwell, of the late firm of Stilwell & 
Wendell, takes the liberty to inform his friends that he 
continues the auction and commission business, and keeps 
on hand a constant supply of cash to advance on goods 
left to be sold. 

India Goods. The consummation of peace and the 
restoration of commerce between the United States and 
Great Britain was attended with the introduction of a 
new series of foreign luxuries, the names alone of which 
are quite formidable. Among the list of goods arrived 
at this time from Calcutta, the following articles must 
have produced a consternation among the ladies, by the 
singularity of their names: 

Beerboon and Company Gurrahs. 

Jalalpore, Cassimebad, Tonida, Audy, Azinghur and 
Alliabad Sannas. 

Alliabad and Bushuck Emerties. 

Chadpore, Cossamabad and Tandah Cossas. 

Patka, Callepatty, Chittabully, Kyrabad Baftas. 

Seercal, Audy and Gurrah Baftas. 

Checks, Patna and Lucknor Chintz Carpets, Seer- 
suckers, Baglipore Checks, Castors, Palenpores, Bunah 
Cloths, Pisacky Cloths, Bandannoes, Choppas, &c. 

Nov. 4. On Monday, Nov. 4, the mercury stood at 70 
degs. F. between three and four o'clock in the afternoon 
in the shade. It stood the same on the 19th. 

Nov. 5. The legislature convened in the city. The 
governor's (D. D. Tompkins) message occupied one 
column of the Albany Daily Advertiser, and was pub- 
lished on the day following. The Rev. Dr. Bradford, 

Notes from the Newspapers. 

Rev. Mr. De Witt, Rev. Mr. Chester, and Rev. Mr.. 

McDonald were appointed chaplains. 

Pleasure Carriages and Sleighs. James Goold & Co. 
make and keep constantly on hand, for sale (at the sign 
of the gilded coach, lower end of Division street, a few 
rods north of the Eagle Tavern), all kinds of pleasure 
carriages and sleighs, and sell them unusually low. 
Gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and see. 

Dec. 1. The steam boat Car of Neptune left the dock 
at 12 o'clock, with 58 passengers, for New York, but 
was so much damaged by ice as to be compelled to stop 
several times for repairs, and on reaching New York had 
received so much injury, that it was resolved to lay her 
up and build a new boat to run in her place the ensuing: 

Dec. 13. Gerrit W. Van Schaick died at Lansingburgh> 
after a short but severe illness, aged 59. He was the 
first cashier of the Bank of Albany, which office he held 
from 1792 to 1814. He was one of the citizen soldiers 
who rallied to the battle-field when the city was threat- 
ened by the British under Burgoyne; was afterwards a 
general in the militia, and an efficient member of the 
common council. 

The police office was fixed at the south-west corner of 
State and Pearl streets. 

Dec. 28. " The poor'debtors confined in the jail of Al- 
bany beg leave to represent to the charitable and humane 
citizens their situation at this inclement season. There 
are several confined for small debts, who have neither 
money nor friends, and are far away from their connec- 
tions, who are in great want. It has been suggested 
that the mention of these facts would be a sufficient hint 
to the charitable and humane to supply their wants. 
They would feel grateful for such broken meats and 
vegetables as the opulent have it in their power to spare." 
On the meeting of the legislature, in January follow- 
ing, Martin Van Buren gave notice that he would ask 
leave to bring in a bill to abolish imprisonment for debt 
and to punish frauds against creditors. It was brought 
in on Feb. 5. 

120 Notes from the Newspapers. 


Jan. 23. A meeting of the gentlemen of the city of 
Albany, friendly to the settlement of the Rev. Hooper 
Cummings in the church owned by the society denomi- 
nated Seceders, in the said city, are earnestly solicited 
to meet at the said Seceders 7 Church this evening, the 
23d January, at six o'clock, on business of the greatest 
importance. By order of the adjourned meeting, 


Feb. 5. A bill was reported to the legislature to en- 
courage the search for coal near the city of Troy. 

Feb. 6. The weather has been unremittingly cold for 
some days, and on Wednesday morning (6th) the ther- 
mometer stood at 11 degs. below zero; on the 5th, at 
Northampton, 20 degs. below, and at Hanover, N, H., 
30 degs. below; and on the three following days 10 deg., 
17 degs. and 10 degs. below zero. 

Feb. 7. The inhabitants of the city of Albany, mem- 
bers of the legislature and strangers favorable to the ob- 
ject, were requested to attend a meeting in the court 
room of the Capitol, for the consideration of measures 
which may tend to the most speedy and effectual aboli- 
tion of slavery. 

Feb. 8. The ceremony took place at the Capitol of 
presenting the swords awarded by the legislature of this 
state in 1814 to Maj,-Gen. Brown, of the U. S. army, 
and Maj.-Gen. Mooers, of the New York militia. They 
were presented by Gov. Tompkins, in presence of a large 
auditory. Daily Adv., Feb. 19. 

Feb. 14. This was the coldest day that had been known 
in the city for sixteen years. At 8 o'clock in the morn- 
ing the thermometer stood at 10 degs. below zero; at 
2 p.m., 7^ degs. below; at 5 p. m., 3 degs. below; at 
6 p. m., 12 degs. below 0. The cold Friday of the 19th 
January, 1810, the mercury was only 6 degs.=0 in the 
middle of the day. The wind was very high during the 
whole day, blowing from the north-west. Very few ven- 
tured out to transact business, and many travelers who 
reached the city were more or less frozen, 

Notes from the Newspapers. 121 

Feb. 11. A bill passed appointing a treasurer of the 
state, and filling the blank with the name of Garret 
L. Dox, of Auburn. 

March 5. The firm of Stafford, Spencer & Co. dis- 
solved, consisting of Spencer Stafford, Geo. B. Spencer, 
Lewis Benedict, Hallenbeck Stafford and Sebastian Ty- 

Mr. Trowbridge, proprietor of the State Museum, gave 
the first exhibition of his gas lights on Saturday, March 
22. A laudable curiosity, and a desire to reward the 
indefatigable exertions of the proprietor, drew together 
a very large assemblage of the most respectable citizens 
and strangers, who expressed a high gratification at the 
success of this experiment, the extent of his collections, 
and the tasteful arrangements of his Museum. It is ex- 
pected that in his subsequent exhibitions Mr. T. will be 
able to give a more brilliant display of lights, from the 
improved state of his apparatus, and the alterations sug- 
gested by experience. Argus. 

March 25. At the caucus of the members of legis- 
lature, a spirited contest was maintained between the 
friends of De Witt Clinton, and those of Peter B. Porter, 
for the nomination, which resulted in favor of the former, 
85 to 41. John Tayler received the nomination for lieut. 
governor. The caucus was in session till 12 o'clock at 

March 27. Mr. Trowbridge announced some curious 
experiments with his gas, such as collecting it in glasses, 
allowing a person to breathe it, and on the application 
of fire, a flame would proceed out of his mouth He 
stated that the nightly expense of lighting his establish' 
ment with oil and tallow candles was from $1'87 to $2' 
25. The coal and wood which he consumed to produce 
sufficient gas for 120 burners amounted to only 63 cents. 

March 31. The legislature passed a law for the aboli- 
tion of slavery in the state of New York, to take place 
on the 4th day of July, 1827. This law enacted that 
every negro, mulatto or mustee, within the state, born 
before the 4th day of July, 1797, shall from and after the 
4th day of July, 1827, be free; and that all negroes, 

122 Notes from the Newspapers. 

mulattoes and mustees, born after the 4th day of July, 
1799, shall be free, males at the age of 28, and females 
at the age of 25. 

April 1. The partnership between Vinal Luce and R. 
M. Meigs, under the firm of V. Luce & Co., was dis- 
solved on the 1st April, Mr. Meigs retiring. 

The firm of Hochstrasser & Boldeman, consisting of 
Paul Hochstrasser and John D. Boldeman, on the corner 
of Broadway and Maiden lane, now Stanwix Hall, was 
dissolved, the former settling the business. 

April 2. The ice commenced breaking up in the river 
on Wednesday April 2, and on the following day the 
channel was clear. 

April 6. A charity sermon was preached in the first 
Presbyterian Church for the relief of indigent women and 
children, and a collection of $225' 15 taken up. 

April* 10. The copartnership between Thomas, Joseph 
and Elihu Russell dissolved. 

April 12. Elihu Russell respectfully informs his friends 
and the public that he has connected himself with 
Joseph Davis and that the business will in future be con- 
ducted under the firm of Russell & Davis, at the well 
known establishment, 364 Noith-Market street, where 
they offer for sale a general assortment of Paints, Oils 
Glasses, &c. on moderate terms. House and Sign Paint- 
ing and Glazing attended to at the shortest notice, and 
the smallest favors acknowledged. ELIHU RUSSELL. 


April 15. The bill authorizing the construction of the 
Erie Canal from Albany to Buffalo, passed the legislature 
on the day of its adjournment and became a law the 
greatest scheme of the state of New York. 

A law passed the legislature entitled, "An act to en- 
courage the persons therein named to search for coal in 
the bed of Hudson's river, near the city of Troy. 

April 15 Troy. It may not be uninteresting to those 
who barely know that within a few years this town 
has obtained the honor of being placed on the map of 
this state, that it is now about thirty years since the 
first store was erected here ; at that time there were only 

Notes from the Newspapers. 123 

four or five dwelling houses within the limits of the pre- 
sent city of Troy. This city contains now about 5000 
inhabitant's. In the course of last week there was shipped 
here property estimated at a moderate calculation to 
amount to $200,000, consisting principally of flour, wheat, 
provisions, lumber, potash, c. The flour was manu- 
factured at the mills in the south part of the city, of 
which there are four of very superior workmanship, 
both as respects their plan, and durability of mate- 

May 2. At the election for state officers held on the 2d 
May, De Witt Clinton received 227 votes for governor. 
The Daily Advertiser remarks that there was a general 
apathy. The vote of the preceding year was 765 for 
governor. Stephen Van Rensselaer received 412 for 
assembly, which was the highest vote cast for any can- 

May 5. The Lancaster school was removed into the 
building prepared for it by the corporation, at the foot 
of Jay and Lancaster streets, on Eagle; the building occu- 
pied at this day as the Albany Medical College. The 
address delivered by Dr. Beck was published on the 12th 
in the Advertiser. 

By the arrangements of the steam boat company this 
season, a day boat was to leave three times a week at 9 
o'clock in the morning, and twice a week at 4 in the 

. May 9. T. W. Ford, 31 State street, corner of Market, 
advertised Boston shoes the first notice of them. 

May 20. The trustees of the Albany Water Works 
appealed to their customers to pay their rates yearly in 
advance to enable them to relay their pipes, that had 
been injured by the frost of the previous winter, which 
had penetrated deeper than ever before known, on ac- 
count of the bareness of the ground. They represent 
that they had expended upwards of $80,000 in supplying 
the city with water. 

May 26. Martin Van Buren and Benjamin F. Butler 
have formed a connection in the practice of the law. 
Their office is at 111 State street. 

124 Notes from the Newspapers. 

June. Thomas W. Olcott appointed cashier of the 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank. 

July 11. Died, July 11, Dr. Samuel Stringer, in the 
83d year of his age. He was a native of the state of 
Maryland, but acquired his medical education in Phila- 
delphia. In 1755 he received an appointment in the 
medical department of the British army. In 1758 he 
accompanied the army under Abercrombie, and was pre- 
sent when Lord Howe fell in advancing to the siege of 
Ticonderoga. At the conclusion of the French war he 
settled in Albany, in the practice of his profession, in 
which he continued until the commencement of the revo- 
lution, when he was appointed by congress director gen- 
eral of the hospitals in the northern department, and 
accompanied the troops in the invasion of the British 
dominions in Canada. He closed a long course of suc- 
cessful practice as an eminent physician and surgeon, in 
the discharge of every Christian duty as a humble servant 
and follower of the Messiah. 

Aug. 14. Dr. T. Romeyn Beck was elected principal of 
the Albany Academy, and professor of mathematics. 

Aug. 21. It was announced that the elegant little steam 
boat Stoudinger, Capt. Fish, arrived from Troy, and would 
ply regularly between this city and Troy, during the re- 
mainder of the season, for the transportation of freight 
and passengers. 

Aug. This was an era of shin-plast ers. Calvin Cheese- 
man, was a noted private banker, who issued a large 
amount of notes, which had an extensive circulation. 
His bubble burst and the community suffered severely by 
it. It was estimated that he had $150,000 in circulation. 
His assignees were J. V. N. Yates and C. Humphrey. 

Aug. The steam boat left Albany four days in the 
week, namely, a boat left on Monday, Wednesday, 
Thursday and Saturday, at 9 A. M. The time of leav- 
ing New York was Tuesday and Friday at 7 A. M., and 
Wednesday and Saturday at 5 A. M. 

A boat commenced running on Lake George at this 
time, from Ticonderoga to Caldwell, fare $2. Capt. 

Notes from the Newspapers. 125 

June 30. A loaf of superfine inspected flour to weigh 
21bs. 2oz. for 1 shilling. 

Sept. It was announced that the Chancellor Livingston, 
at one trip to New York, carried 276 passengers. 

Sept 1. Dissolution. The copartnership of G. W. 
Stanton& Co., of the city of New York, and of Nahum 
Rice & Co., of Albany, is this day dissolved by mutual 
consent. G. W. STANTON, 


Sept. 13. A letter to the editor of the Register says 
that 45 miles of the canal were under contract, and going 
on, and that the whole line from Utica to Salina would 
be put out in the course of a week. 

Sept 17. John Gill died, aged 75. 

Sept 30. On Tuesday, Sept. 30, Arthur Joseph Stans- 
bury was installed pastor of the First Presbyterian 
church and congregation in this city. The sermon on 
the occasion was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Wood, of Am- 
sterdam, the charge by Rev. Mr. Chester of the 2d Pres- 
byterian church in Albany, and the address by Rev. Dr. 

Sept 30, The annual election for charter officers was 
held on Tuesday, Sept. 30, and resulted in the choice of 
the following candidates. 

Pint Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

John V. N. Yates,* Spencer Stafford,* 

Isaac Denniston.* John Stillwell.* 

Second Ward. 

Chauncey Humphrey,* Adam Russ, 

Chas. E. Dudley.* Wm. Newton. 

Third Ward. 

Nicholas Bleecker, Gerrit Gates, 

Rich'd S. Treat. Nich's Bleecker jr. 

Fourth Ward. 

Matthew Trotter, Rich'd Duncan,* 

Sam'l Hairing.* Moses Kenyon. 

* Democrats. It will be seen that several of these citizens sub- 
sequently changed sides. 

126 Notes from the Newspapers. 

Fifth Ward. 

Isaac I. Fryer, Henry W. Snyder, 

Jas. Gibbons. Herman V. Hart. 

The common council was composed of 12 federalists 
and 8 democrats. 
Oct 10. James Geddes, engineer, advertised to receive 

Eroposals for making the canal to connect the waters of 
ake Champlain with those of the Hudson at Albany. 
The line was to be divided into convenient sections, and 
on the tenth of October the contracts might be handed in, 
at Sandy Hill. 

Oct. 7. A meeting of citizens was held at Moody's 
Tavern in South-Market street, to take into considera- 
tion the propriety of abolishing the circulation of small 
bills. They resolved, after the first day of November 
not to receive nor pass any bills of a less denomination 
than one dollar, except bills emitted by the corporation 
of the city. James Gibbons, chairman; Wm. Mayell,- 

Died, on Wednesday morning, Oct. 8, Robert McClellan, 
formely treasurer of the state. 

Also Casparus Pruyn, an old, respected citizen. 

James McNaughton respectfully informs the citizens 
of Albany that he has opened an office in 91 North Pearl 
street, with a view to beginning to practice medicine. 
He studied the different branches of medicine at the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh for four years, he attended the 
Livingston Hospital of that city three courses, and the 
Royal Infirmary two years. He humbly trusts that by 
steadiness and close attention to business, with what 
skill he possesses, he shall be enabled to give satisfaction 
to those that do him the honor to employ him. Patients 
in any situation in life will be cheerfully attended; and 
charges accommodated to the circumstances of the poor 

Nov. 8. A fire broke out about seven o'clock on Satur- 
day night, Nov. 8, in the tavern of Nathaniel Parker, and 
owing to a violent wind, the whole block, from No. 142 
to 186, Washington street, consisting of 21 houses, was 

Died at Port au Prince, St. Domingo, Archibald Kane, 

Notes from the Newspapers. 127 

merchant, late of the house of James and Archibald 
Kane, of this city. 

Nov. 28. A whale was exhibited on the corner of State 
and Lodge streets. 


Jan. 17. Theodore Bailey, postmaster of New York, 
gave notice that hereafter, during the winter term, the 
mail would be carried daily, except Sunday, from New 
York to Albany and the intermediate places, on the east 
side of the Hudson. 

Jan. 20. A meeting of the Republicans of the city was 
held at the Mansion House to choose directors for a 
Branch of the United States Bank to be located in the 
city. Solomon South wick was chairman, and Josiah 
Sherman secretary; Sebastian Visscher, George Mer- 
chant, Spencer Stafford, Josiah Sherman and Samuel Har- 
ing were appointed a committee to nominate suitable 
persons for Directors to the Branch, who reported the 
following: Isaac Denniston, Charles E. Dudley, Martin 
Van Buren, John Stafford, John Still well, Isaac Hemp- 
stead, John Townsend, Gilbert Stewart, William Mar- 
vin, William A. Duer, Asa H. Center, Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, jr., and Jellis Winne, jr. 

Charles Smyth established an office at 65 Quay, for 
the transportation of goods and merchandise to Detroit 
and Sandusky at the rate of $4 '50 per 100 pounds, and 
to Pittsburgh, the price not to exceed $6, per 100 Ibs. 
Goods should be shipped at New York by the Western 
Line of Sloops, for Albany, and could be delivered at 
Pittsburgh in as short a time as any other route dis- 
covered. It appears that from 1812 to 1814, the trans- 
portation of government supplies from Albany to Buffalo 
cost from $20 to $30 per ton, and that the probable ex- 
pense of such transportation during the three years of 
war for about 9000 tons was $220,000. 

Feb. 11. The thermometer stood at 13 below zero, 
one degree lower than the cold Friday of the previous 
year. Some of the thermometers in town ranged from 
24 to 32. One kept by Simeon De Witt stood at 26 

[Annals, vi.] 12 

128 Notes from the Newspapers. 

below on the llth; at 20 on the 12th, and at 14 on 
the 13th. Several other excellent thermometers in town 
indicated still greater cold in their respective locations on 
the llth. That of Mr. Buel 27 J; that of Mr. Bryan at 
the Schuyler Mansion at 32; that of Mr. Ames 34. 

March 3. The water rose to a great height in the river 
in the night of the 3d March, so that several families in 
Church st. would have perished if they had not been res- 
cued. The water was two feet deep in the bar room of 
the Eagle Tavern, on the southeast corner of South Mark- 
et and Hamilton streets. Sloops were thrown upon the 
dock, and the horse ferry boat was driven about half way 
up to Pearl street. A family occupied a house on the 
island opposite the city, who were rescued by the people 
of Bath. So great a freshet had not been known in forty 

March' 30. The great bell intended for the South 
Dutch church, on Beaver street, arrived on board the 
sloop Columbia, Capt. Green. It was founded in Hol- 
land and weighed upwards of 2500 Ibs. It was used 
about twenty years, it is believed. 

May 5. At the election which took place on Tuesday, 
May 5, the following officers were elected. 

First Ward, Geo. Webster, and Sebastian Visscher, 
assessors ; Geo. Sheppard, supervisor. 

Second Ward John Van Schaick, supervisor; Matthew 
Gregory and Chas. E. Dudley, assessors. 

Third Ward Nicholas Bleecker, supervisor; Henry 
Truax and Edward R. Satterlee, assessors. 

Fourth Ward Simeon De Witt, supervisor; Wm. Me 
Harg and Edward Dunn, assessors. 

Fifth Ward Isaac I. Fryer, supervisor; John A. Goe- 
way and Francis Costigan, assessors. 

A strenuous effort was made at the last session of the 
legislature to effect the abolishment of imprisonment for 
debt. A bill passed the senate having that object in view, 
but was suffered, either from design on neglect, to remain 
unacted upon in the other house. 

June 1. The brick theatre in Green street, which had 
been erected several years, and had been unoccupied some 
time, was sold to the Baptist society, and a subscription 

Notes from the Newspapers. 129 

list circulated to raise funds for the purpose of fitting it 
up for church purposes. It was dedicated on the 1st of 
January, 1819, Joshua Bradley, pastor. A collection was 
taken up in aid of the funds of the society, amounting to 
$356-14. Dr. Nott officiated in the evening. 

June. It was announced that the Rev. Mr. Lacy, of Ox- 
ford, Chenango Co., had been invited to take the pastoral 
charge of the Episcopal congregation in Albany, and 
would enter upon the duties of his office about the first 
of July. He left the city about 1832. 

July 4. A deputation having been sent to Quebec for 
the remains of the gallant Gen. Montgomery, measures 
were taken to receive them in this city in an appropriate 
manner. On arrival of the body and escort in Troy, on 
the evening of the 3d July, Mr. John Meads, of Albany, 
proceeded there with a splendid coffin, made under the 
direction of Gov. Clinton, in which the remains were 
placed, and rested in the court house there over night, 
in charge of a guard. Upon the lid of the coffin was 
placed a silver plate engraved by Messrs. Shepard & Boyd, 
then silversmiths in this city, and a gold plate having the 
arms of the state engraved thereon. The silver plate had 
the following inscription. "The State of New York, in 
honor of Gen. Richard Montgomery, who fell gloriously 
fighting for the independence and liberty of the United 
States, before the walls of Quebec, the 31st day of Dec. 
1775, caused these remains of this distinguished hero to 
be conveyed from Quebec, and deposited, on the 8th day 
of July, in St. Paul's church in the city of New York, 
near the monument erected to his memory by the United 
States. " Arrived at the north bounds of the city, 
the remains were received by the corporation, a large 
concourse of citizens, the military of the city, under the 
command of Lt. Col La Grange, and the fine companies 
of United States troops, commanded by Majors Birdsall 
and Worth. The procession then returned in reversed 
order through North Market, Columbia and North Pearl 
streets to Gov. Clinton's house, corner of Steuben street; 
thence through Steuben, Market and State streets to the 
Capitol, and there deposited in the Council chamber. 

130 Notes from the Newspapers. 

The pall was borne by the following gentlemen, officers 
in the revolutionary army, namely; John Lansing, jr., 
Stephen Lush, John H. Wendell, John Visscher, John 
Gates, Matthew Trotter, Wilhelmus Ryckman, Nicholas 
Van Rensselaer, Elias John Shaw, Samuel Lewis, of 
Saratoga, and John Ten Broeck, of Hudson. [On Mon- 
day Matthew Gregory and Abraham Ten Eyck took the 
places of the two latter.] Three of these, namely, Cols. 
Visscher, Van Rensselaer, and Mr. Gates, were with the 
gallant hero when he fell. During the procession, minute 
guns were fired and the city bells tolled. 

The remains were kept at the Capitol guarded by Capt. 
Lansing's company of artillery, until Monday morning, 
when they were removed, under the escort of the military, 
and attended by the corporation and a concourse of citi- 
zens, to the steam boat Richmond; and Cols. H. Living- 
ston and Peter Gansevoort, governor's aids, and Col. L. 
Livingston, accompanied them to New York, escorted by 
a subaltern's guard of United States troops from Major 
Worth's detachment. 

The peculiarly appropriate -time of the arrival of the 
remains, rendered the occasion doubly interesting, it 
being the anniversary of that freedom for the achieve- 
ment of which Montgomery fell. 

On Sunday Evening, July 12, Hamilton, a recruit, mur- 
dered Maj. Benjamin Birdsall of the United States Rifle 
Regiment. It was the melancholy fate of this gallant 
officer, after recovering from a dangerous wound received 
at Fort Erie, to fall in this manner. He was interred on 
Monday evening at 6 o'clock. 

Lambert Norton advertised that he would open a school 
for the purpose of teaching the ordinary English studies. 

July 29. Rawdon and Balch, 65 State street, advertised 
that they had entered into business at the old stand of 
Mr. Rawdon, for the purpose of carrying on the business 
of engraving. 

Sept. 4. Mr. Joseph Lancaster, who had arrived in this 
city, was invited to give an address to the public by the 
trustees of the Lancaster School. He visited the school, 
where he was addressed by Simeon De Witt, and made 
a speech in return. 

( 131 ) 



Andrew Abel, wheelwright, who was born on the 12th 

day of March, 1779, and died on the 22d day of April, 

Johannah, wife of Andrew Able, who died May 30, 1828, 

aged 76 years, 3 months and 21 days. 
Ann Able, daughter of Andrew and Johannah Able, who 

died April 16th, 1810, aged 35 years, 9 months and 27 
, days. 
Andrew Able, who departed this life Oct. 5, 1795, aged 

48 years and 11 days. 
Peter, son of Andrew and Anatie Able, who died Feb. 

15, 1794, aged 9 months and 25 days. 
Henry Van Patten, son of Henry and Elizabeth Able, 

who died Oct. 28, 1807, aged 1 year, 3 months and 29 

days; also, their daughter Hester, who" died Nov. 13> 

1807, aged 3 years, 1 month and 11 days. 
Two infant children of H. and E. Able, who died in 1821. 
Elizabeth, wife of Henry Able, who died 5th May, 

1823, aged 43 years, 1 month and 28 days. 
Henry Able, born 1772, May 25, and departed this life 

1832, July 19, aged 60 years, 1 month and 25 days. 
Elizabeth Able, who died 27th August, 1829, aged 45 

years, 4 months and 23 days. 
Lydia, consort of John Abbott, who died August 9th, 

1822, aged 32 years, 5 months and 1 day. 
Jacob Ackerman, who departed this life Oct. 26th, 1825, 

aged 26 years and 4 days. 

Rachel DeGarmo, relict of Gilbert Ackerman, who de- 
parted this life August 10th, 1827, in the 54th year of 

her age. 
Gilbert Ackerman, who departed this life Oct. llth, 

1834, aged 66 years and 10 months. 

132 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Horace Allen, who departed this life Nov. 1st, 1836, in 

the 61st year of his age. 
Jane Allen, who departed this life Sept. 4, 1842, aged 72 

Wm. Amsden, who died July 2d, 1838, aged 54 years, 6 


"Blessed is him who died in the Lord." 

Caroline, born March 2, 1839, died Jan. 13, 1842; David, 
born Dec. 25, 1840, died Feb. 6, 1842; Angeline 
Brinckerhoof, born June 7, 1843, died Aug. 26, 1845; 
children of John B. and Eliza Armour. 
NoadiahL. Arms, who departed this life March 8, 1841, 
in the 47th year of his age. 

In him were combined in an eminent 

degree all the social virtues. 
He was a kind husband, a devoted 
father and brother, and a firm friend. 

Seth Arnold died April 12th, 1851, aged 60 years. 
Magdalena, wife of Seth Arnold, died July 10, 1838, aged 

46 years, 4 months and 2 days. 
Janet White, wife of Alex. Auty, who died in Albany 

Nov. 11, 1848. 
Benjamin Baker, who departed this life April 10, 1791, 

aged 54 years, 6 months and 6 davs. 
Mary, relict of Stephen Ball, died July 24th, 1844, in 

the 81st year of her age. 
Joseph, son of George A. and Louisa Barnard, died Feb. 

21, 1853, aged 2 years, 8 months and 21 days. 
Daniel Henry, only son of Daniel E. and Harriet Bas- 

sett, died Dec. 29th, 1851, aged 2 years, 11 months 

and 9 days. 

Gone to God. 

What could the parents 1 fondest prayer 
ask for their darling, like the bliss of Heaven. 

Thomas Barret, who departed this life Dec. (?, 1813, aged 

72 years. 
Lewis Becker, born March 29, 1807, died May 31st. 

1846; also, Henry P. Becker, born Feb. 3, 1799, died 

Feb. 2, 1849. 
Mrs. Hannah Becker, died Feb. 28, 1851, aged 47 years, 

1 month and 6 days. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 133 

Philey Amelia Wood, wife of Thomas T. Beebe, died 

Nov. 5, 1844, aged 49 years, 7 months and 10 days. 

[Also their children.] 
Noah Simeon Beebe, born 27th of March, 1822, and died 

April 30, 1834, aged 12 years, 1 month and 3 days; and 

Eliza Jane Beebe, born 22d May, 1820, and died Oct. 

21st, 1827, aged 7 years, 4 months, and 29 days. 
J. J. Newton, son of Z. Smith and Sarah Beebe, his wife, 

who departed this life Sept. 27th, 1840, aged 2 years, 

9 months and 9 da} r s. 

'Tis Jesus speaks: I fold, says he, 

These lambs within my breast; 
Protection they shall find in me, 

In me be ever blessed. 

Ann Beeckman, daughter of Gerardus and Ann Beeck- 
man, who died 3d October, 1821, aged 52 years and 
17 days. 

Sarah Beeckman, daughter of John Jac. Beeckman, Esq., 
who departed this life March 15, 1792, aged 20 years, 
3 months and 6 days. 

Eve Beeckman, daughter of John Jac. Beeekman, who 
departed this life Dec. 6, 1792, aged 18 years, 5 
months and 12 days. 

In memory of Maria Sanders, wife of John Jacob Beeck- 
man, who departed this life Nov. 2, 1794, aged 54 
yeais and 22 days. 

In memory of John Jacob Beeckman, Esq., who departed 
this life Dec. 17, 1802, aged 69 years, 3 months and 
28 days. 

John S. Beeckman, born Aug. 23, 1781, died Jan. 14, 

Harriet, wife of Caleb N. Bement, died July 29, 1823, 
aged 31 years, 8 months and 7 days. Also, Mary, 
daughter of C. N. Bement, died May 1st, 1822, aged 
1 year, 5 months and 12 days.' Also, Edward, son of 
C. N. H. Bement, died Aug. 7, 1825, aged 7 weeks. 

George, son of Caleb N. & Caroline Bement, died Feb. 
18, 1827, aged 1 year and 10 months. 

William Bement died Jan 18, 1841, aged 74 years. 

184 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Caroline, wife of Caleb N. Bement, aged 30 years and 9 
months; also Mary, daughter of C. N. and Caroline 
Bement, died Jan. 11, 1836, aged 3 years and 6 

Jane, wife of William Bement, died March 8th, 1827 ? 
aged 50 years. 

Cornellia, wife of R, 0. K. Bennett, who died Jan. 16 ? 
1852, aged 38 years, 11 months. 

In memory of Catharine, daughter of R. 0. K. Bennett, 
who died April 10, 1825, aged 18 years and 1 month. 

Heer rust Teunis Bennink, den 10 January, 1836, over- 
leeden den 8 January, 1852, zoon van Beren H. Ben- 
nink, Johanna W. Dampot. 

B. H. Bennink. 

In memory of John Benson, who died August, 1834, 
aged 36 years, 6 months and 10 days. 

David Bleeckley, who departed this life July 19th, 1807, 
aged 50 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Bleeckley, who died May 
3d, 1805, aged 76 years. 

Sarah Bleeckley, daughter of George and Sarah Bleeck- 
ley, died Dec. 7, 1816, aged 21 years, 6 days. 

In memory of Margaret, daughters- of Henry F. and Mary 
Bleecker, who departed this life on the 15th day of 
October, 1801, aged 1 year and 3 days. 

In memory of Hannah Bleecker, daughter of John N. 
and Margaret Bleecker, who died the 14th of October, 
1794, aged 8 years, 6 months and 12 days. 

In memory of Harriet Romeyn Bleecker, daughter of 
Henry I. Bleecker and Mary Storm, who died Jan. 23, 
1808, aged 4 years, 1 month and 28 days. 
This stone is erected by John B Romeyn and Harriet Bleecker, 

to whom she was a most engaging and affectionate child. 

In memory of John N. Bleecker, who departed this life 

October 23, 1825, aged 86 years, 1 month and 21 days. 
In memory of Henry I. Bleecker, who died the 28th of 

January, 1808, in the 30th year of his age. 
In memory of Margaret Van Deusen, wife of John N. 

Bleecker, who departed this life the 13th of April. 

1794, aged 47 years, 8 months and 23 days. 

Ref. Trot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 135 

Sacred to the memory of Ann Bleecker, daughter of 
John I. Bleecker, who departed this life September 3, 
1811, aged 40 years, 3 months and 11 days. 

When worms devour my wasting flesh 
And crumble all my bones to dust, 
My God shall raise my frame anew 
At the revival of the jut. 

Sacred to the memory of John I. Bleecker, who departed 
this life June 13th, 1811, aged 80 years and 24 days. 

In memory of Jacob I. Bleecker, who departed this life 
September 10, 1804, aged 27 years, 8 months and 28 

In memory of Jacob Bleecker, who departed this life 
October 5, 1802, aged 74 years and 3 days. 

In memory of John Bleecker, Jr., who departed this life 
Dec. 30, 1807 ? aged 3 years, 1 month and 22 days. 

In memory of Margaret Roseboom, widow of Nicholas 
Bleecker, Jr., deceased, who departed this life 16th 
August, 1794, aged 88 years, 3 months and 16 days. 

Beneath are deposited the remains of Ann Eliza Bleeck- 
er, wife of John James Bleecker, she died 23d Nov. 
1783, aged 31 years. 

Here are deposited the remains of Jacob Bleecker, Jr., 
who died the 30th of Nov., 1806, in the 62d year of 
his age. 

The memory of the just is bless'd. 

Catharine Cuyler Staats, wife of Nicholas ^Bleecker, Jr., 

who departed this life May llth, 1826, aged 33 years, 

9 months and 28 days. 
Also, of their daughter Catharine Cuyler, who died June 

2, 1825, aged 10 monthsand 29 days. 
And of their son Staats, who died June2, 1826, aged 2 

months and 3 days. 
Here are deposited the remains of Elizabeth Bleecker, 

widow of Jacob Bleecker, Jr., she died the 14th day 

of March, 1818. in the 65th year of her age. 
Here are deposited the remains of Jacob I. Bleecker, 

who died the 20th day of February, 1838, in the 61st 

year of his age. 

136 Ref. Prot Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of Sybrant Bleecker, Esq., who departed this 
life April 29, 1814, aged 40 years, 5 months and 24 

Death, the stern monarch warns the saint away, 
And heavy pains the trembling flesh consume, 
See frigid fate its Ebon wand display, 
And point to the gloomy mansion of the Tomb. 

Jane Shepherd, wife of G. V. S. Bleecker, died Jan. 1, 

1844, in the 43d year of her age. 
James E., son of James and Ann Bleecker, died Nov. 

13th, 1845, aged 60 years. 
James V. D. Bleecker, son of James and Margaret 

Bleecker, who died January 22d, 1814, aged 6 

Why was this infant torn from the breast? 

Because it claimed a right losing above. 

1 be reft bnt now it's found that happy shore. 

Sarah Jane, daughter of Garret V. S. and Jane Bleecker, 

who died Dec. 25, 1830, aged 11 months. 
Jane Ann, daughter of Alonzo L. and Maria Blanchard, 

who died Sept. 11, 1829, aged 10 months and 26 days. 
Mary, daughter of Abm. and Eliza Bloodgood, who died 

13th April, 1794, aged 4 years. 
Joanna Frances, daughter of S. Dewitt Bloodgood and 

Eliza Van Schaick, born Aug. 7. 1825, died Aug. 6, 

1826, aged 1 year. 

Thou sleepest, but we will not forget thee. 

Anna Herser, wife of Alburtus Bloomindal, who departed 
this life Nov. 18, 1797, aged 56 years, 8 months and 
13 days. 

In memory of Alburtus Bloomindal. who departed this 
life July 4, 1817, in the 82d year of his age. 

Barnardus Bloomindall, who died April 12, 1822, aged 
54 years, 3 months and 18 days. 

Heer ruhet, in stillen friden,Carl H. Billo geboren in 
"Waslow, im yahr 1805, gestorben den 4th October, 
1838. Von seiner frau Machtalena Billo. 

Casper, son of William and Alida Boardman, who de- 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 137 

parted this life January 14, 1833, aged 4 months and 

3 days. 
Anna, daughter of William and Alida Boardman, died 

Aug. 18, 1843, aged 1 year, 7 months and 12 days. 
Cornellia Bogart, daughter of Barent and Alida Bogart, 

who departed this life Jan. 31, 1806, aged 25 years, 6 

months and 2 days. 

She came forth like a flower, and w<is cut down 
Agnes Bogart, daughter of Barent and Alida Bogart. 

who departed this life 15th December, 1818, aged 6 

years, 2 months and 8 days. 

Mourn not for me, beloved friends, 

Nor shrink at death's alarms; 
Its but the voice that Jesus sends 
To bring us to his arms. 

Alida Bogart, daughter of Barent and Alida Bogart, who 

departed this life 20th day of November, 1815, aged 

27 years, 3 months and 1 day. 
Alexander Hamilton Bogart, died Oct. 1, 1826, aged 21 

years, 9 months and 15 days. 
Henry J. Bogart, born Oct. 26, 1829, died 27th June, 

1821, aged 91 years, 7 months. 
In memory of Barbara Bogart, wife of Henry J. Bogart, 

Esq., died 23d October, 1816, aged 88 years and 1 

Isaac H. Bogart, who died Sept. 22, 1841, aged 76 years 

and 15 days. 
Cathlina Visscher, relict of Isaac H. Bogart, died April 

10, 1845, aged 74 years, 2 months and 14 days. 
James Boyd, who departed this life Feb. 22, 1839, aged 

77 years and 21 days. 

11 Write, blessed are the dead which die in the lord ; for if we be 
dead wr.h him we shall also live with him." 

In life he exemplified the true character of man, and in death gave 
full evidence of his spirit going to share its blissful reward. 

Sarah Ann Stiles, wife of Levi N. Bowlsby, born Nov. 

29, 1812, died June 16, 1834. 
Alida, consort of James Boyd, who departed this life 

August 4, 1838, in the 76th year of her age. 

The memory of the righteous shall be perpetuated. She lived a 
life of obedience, and died in the triumph of faith. 

138 Ref t Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

John A. Bradt, born November 28, 1779, departed this 
life July 29, 1829. 

An honest man the noblest work of God. 

John B. Bratt, who departed this life 9th September, 
1822, aged 81 years, .1 month and 23 days. 

Daniel Bratt, born September 23, 1779, died July 16, 
1847, aged 67 years, 9 months and 23 days. 

Ann Bloomingdale, wife of Daniel Bratt, born Novem- 
ber 20, 1781, died June 24, 1822, aged 40 years, 7 
months and 4 days, 

James Henry Bratt, who died July 8, 1847, aged 13 
years, 9 months and 10 days. 

Henry Bratt, who died April 2, 1823, aged 78 years. 

J. Atwood Brigen, Esq. Erected by a friend. 

John Brinckerhoff, who departed this life March 10, 1835, 
aged 61 years, 7 months and 7 days. 

John Brinckerhoff, died June 7, 1845, in the 32d year of 
his age. 

Gertrude Schuyler, wife of John Brinckerhoff, who de- 
parted this life 23d February, 1826, aged 53 years, 7 
months and 13 days. 

Eve Maria, infant daughter of Cornelius and Martha 
Brinckerhoff, who departed this life Jan. 12, 1835. 

John Derick, infant son of Cornelius and Martha Brinck- 
erhoff, who died July 24, 1836, aged 8 months. 

Teunis Brinckerhoff, who departed this life October 20, 
1843, aged 35 years 6 months and 2 days; also his son 
Alfred I., died June 13, 1839, aged 6 months and 18 
days; also his daughter Charlotte, died May 4, 1848, 
aged 1 year, 3 months and 1 1 days. 

Jacob Brinckerhoff, who departed this life, July 8, 1889, 
aged 61 years, 11 months and 1 day. 

Angeline, wife of Jacob Brinckerhoff, who departed this 
life, July 1.1, 1841, aged 63 years, 9 months, 21 days. 

Frances Brooks, wife of Peter Brooks, who died April 

25, 1818, aged 65 years, 6 months and 5 days. 
Peter Brooks, who departed this life, May 11, 1830, aged 

53 years, 7 months and 2 days. 
Catlina, widow of Peter Brooks, died June 21, 1843, 

aged 61 years, 5 months and 9 days. 
Mary E. Roseboom, wife of S. H. Brock way, the only 

M X 1* M E X T T i .1 K S S K B V E L. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 139 

daughter of Jacob and Hannah Roseboom, died Octo- 
ber 24, 1846, aged 19 years, 11 months and 16 days. 

Erected by her father. 
Gerret, son of Hessel E. and Maria Brower, who died 

October 17, 1830, aged 8 months and 13 days. 
Gerret B., son of Hessel E. and Maria Brower, died 

August 1, 1840, aged 5 years, 11 months and 12 days. 
Mary, wife of John Brower, who died March 31, 1823, 

aged 68 years, 5 months and 22 days. 
Mary, wife of Hessel Brower, who died, November 25. 

1849, in the 71st year of her age. 
Mary Brower, daughter of John Brower, and wife of 

James Cameron, died June 18, 1835, aged 54 years, 7 

months and 12 days. 
Hessel Brower, who died April 26, 1823, aged 52 years, 

8 months and 1 day. 
Robert R. Brown, who died the 22d day of January, 

1827, aged 33 years and 7 months. 

Mary Bryant died 26th February, 1852, aged fifty years. 
Susan, wife of Jesse Buel, born April 26, 1783, died Feb, 

4, 1847. 

Jel&se Buel. 

This monument has been erected 
by the family of the deceased, in testimony 

of their regard and esteem for the 

kindest of husbands, the most affectionate 

of parents, and the firmest friend of 

Agriculture and the Useful Arts. 

Jesse Buel, born at Coventry, 

Conn., Jan. 4th, 1778, died at tfanbury, 

Conn., Oct. 6th, 1839, whose remains 

are here interred. 

Franklin Shepperd, son of Jesse and Mary C. Buel, died 
Dec. 22, 1841, aged 2 years, 5 months and 14 days. 

Flown lovely babe from this gay world, 

And its deceitful wiles, 
Thou in the bosom of thy God 

In peace and safety smiles. 

In Memory of 

Elias Buel, 

Who died May 17th, 1824, 

in the 87th year of his age. 

And of 

[Annals, vi.] 13 

140 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Sarah Buel, 

his wife, 

who died April 4th, 1824, 
in the 86th year of her age 

Sacred to the memory of Miss Alida Burton, daughter of 
Isaac and Catharine Burton, who died January 17, 
1828, aged 22 years, 4 months and 12 days. 
Catharine Burton, daughter of Isaac and Catharine Bur- 
ton, who departed this life January 19, 1833, aged 22 
years, 11 months and 20 days. 
Isaac Burton, born September 29, 1777, died October 16, 

1843, aged 66 years and 17 days. 

Ann Augusta, wife of John J. Burton, who departed this 
life November 29, 1833, aged 28 years and 23 days. 

I will not forget thee. 
Catharine, wife of William Buxton, who died December 

20, 1823, aged 17 years. 

Susan Calhoun, who died November 1, 1836, aged 32 
years, 10 months. 

Farewell, vain world, I've had enough of thee, 

And now I'm careless what thou say'st of me; 
Thy smiles I court not, nor thy frowns I fear; 

My cares are past and I rest quiet here. 

Eugene, infant son of Nathaniel and Margaret E. Car- 
penter, born March 26, died July 26, 1837, aged 4 mos. 

"It is well." 

Elizabeth Mascraft, daughter of George W. and Mary 
Ann Carpenter, born March the 22d, 1835, died July 
the 9th, 1836. 

Matthew Burton, son of George W. and Mary Ann Car- 
penter, born July 6, 1837, died August 13, 1838, aged 
1 year, 1 month, and 7 days. 
John Henry, son of William and Christiana Cater, who 

died January 22, 1825, aged 5 months and 17 days. 
Jane Canfield who died Nov. 15, 1839, aged 23 years. 
Abraham L. Chambers, born May 17, 1838, died August 
15, 1853. 

Sweet is the sleep which now I take, 
Till in Christ Jesus I awake. 
John G. Clinton, who died November 1, 1833, aged 3 

years, 3 months and 28 days. 

Elizabeth, wife of James P. Clark, who died November 
5, 1832, aged 46 years, 7 months and 8 days. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 141 

James P. Clark, who died August 26th, 1832, aged 49 

years, 1 month and 26 days. 
Harriet, wife of Josiah Clark, who departed this life 

October 29, 1838, aged 33 years. 

To her husband and family, she was kind, beloved and useful. To 
her acquaintance, an example of piety, industry and economy. Pru- 
dent and wise with her God and Saviour, she died in the faith of 
Jesus, with a fair prospect of a better world. 

Sleep on, dear spouse, till Jesus comes. 

Till GabriePs trump shall burst the tombs; 

Then may we wake in sweet surprise, 

Released from sin, in transport rise-, 

Unite again and soar on high, 

No more to part, no more to die. 

Paul Clark, who departed this life March 28, 1831, aged 
66 years. 

Jacob N. Clute, who departed this life June 9, 1841, aged 
85 years. 

Jacob N. Clute, who departed this life November 21, 
1841, aged 82 years. 

Elizabeth Cluett, widow of Geritt Cluett deceased, died 
September 20, 1850, in the 85th year of her age. 
Dear Mother. 

Rebecca, daughter of Philip P. and Eitchey Conine, died 
October 8, 1842, aged 21 years, 2 months and 23 days. 
How blest a change that I have made, 
From sickness 1 painful awful shade, 
To joy and bliss which to obtain, 
An earth I lost, a Heaven I gained. 

Sarah Campbell. 

Caroline Strong, wife of Hiram Cobb, who departed this 
life in New York, on the 29th day of September, 1836, 
aged 24 years, 8 months and 21 days; also, Rachel 
Ellen, daughter of Hiram and Caroline Cobb, who de- 
parted this life in Albany, September 14, 1834, aged 
14 months and 11 days. 

Levi H., son of Daniel K. and Laura A. Colborn, died 
July 22, 1843, aged 2 months and 4 days. 

Hannah Van Denburgh, wife of Obediah Cooper, who 
departed this life June 21, 1801, aged 50 years, 3 
months and 15 days. 

Sharlot Cooper died in her 78th year. 

In memory of Susan Christina, wife of William Cooper, 

142 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

and daughter of James and Anna Vanderpoel, who 

died 30th March, 1841, aged 29 years, 1 month, 12days. 

Charles D. Cooper, who departed this life January 30, 

1831, in the 60th year of his age, 
Bridget Segar, wife of John Courtney, who departed this 

life November 22, 1834, aged 77 years. 
Almira E. Turner, wife of Thomas P. Crook, who de- 
parted this life Aug. 24, 1835, aged 17 years, 6 months 
and 22 days. 

Dearest of wives and best of friends, farewell, 
Who mourns thy loss alone thy worth can tell, 
Yet while his heart this last sad tribute pays, 
He feels too much to celebrate thy praise 
Deeply he mourns with heartfelt grief oppressed, 
Weeps o'er the grave where thy dear ashes rest-, 
But winged with hopes, his thoughts ascend the skies 
Where God shall wipe all tears from weeping eyes. 
There may we meet, our Saviour to actare, 
Where happiness endures, and death divides no more. 
Jacob Cuyler, who departed this life June 5, 1804, aged 

62 years and 6 months. 
William H. Cuyler, eldest son of Tobias Cuyler, who 

died June 4, 1824, in the 18th year of his age. 
Lydia Cuyler, who died February 21, 1808, aged 65 

years and 7 months. 

Jane Cuyler, wife of John Cuyler, Jr., and daughter of 
George Wray, Esq., who departed this life November 
16, 1789, aged 20 years, 1 month and 26 days. 
Richard Cuyler, who departed this life March" 31. 1800, 

aged 32 years. 5 months and 22 days. 
In memory of Elizabeth, widow of Abraham N. Cuyler, 

died January 17, 1842, aged 86 years. 
Eliza M., daughter of William and Mary Day, died May 

30, 1839, aged 34 years. 
Philip W. Deforest, who departed this life August 19, 

1800, aged 42 years, 1 month and 9 days. 
Jemima Crannell, wife of Philip I. De Forest, died 
March 30, 1843, aged 47 years, 7 months and 11 days. 
Also, her grand child Jennet, daughter of James and 
Rebecca A. Duncan, aged 4 years and 3 months. 
Frances H Ball, wife of James P. De Forest, died Nov. 

1, 1847, aged 17 years, 2 months and 12 days. 
Henry T., died February 18, 1851, aged 3 years and 29 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 143: 

days. N. I. Marsellus, died June 3, 1851, aged 1 year 
and 11 days. Jacob and Elmira, born May 17, 1852, 
Eimira died July 25, 1852, Jacob died August 3, 1852, 
children of J. J. and E. C. De Forest. 

Philip Defreest departed this life Sept. 16th, 1837, in the 
38th year of his age. 

Who hath not gazed upon the dust, 
Once partner of its pleasure sweet, 
And thought, how sacred is the trust, 
Our parted spirits yet shall meet! 

Garret De Garmo, who departed this life December Iff, 
1809, aged 34 years, 5 months and 9 days. 

Cornelia Cooper, relict of Garret De Garmo, who de- 
parted this life June 30, 1818, aged 39 years, 9 months- 
and 9 days. 

Benjamin, son of Garret and Cornelia De Garmo, who 
departed this life April 25, 1807. 

In memory of John Ludlow, son of Joseph and Eliza De- 
Hart, who died January 3, 1832. 

In memory of Clinton and Milton, sons of Joseph and 
Eliza De Hart. Clinton died July 9th, 1824; Milton 
died May 6, 1829. 

Simeon DeGroff, who died March 31st, 1842, in the 86th 
year of his age. 

Maria Denniston, born November 11, 1753, died April 

28, 1841, aged 87 years, 5 months and 18 days. 
Henrietta, daughter of William and Catharine Dennis- 
ton, died March 19, 1844, aged 6 years and 5 months. 

Elizabeth De Witt, the wife of Simeon De Witt. She 
was born the 3d January, 1767, and died the 13th 
December, 1793. 

Derkey De Witt, daughter of Jacob Van Loon, and wife 
of Ephraim De Witt, who departed this life on Sun- 
day, the 8th day of July, 1810, aged 25 years and 9 

In memory of Catlina, daughter of Ephraim and Derkey 
De Witt, who died 13th June, 1810, aged 1 month and 
1 day. 

Andrew A. De Witt. He was born in Wawrasing, in the 
county of Ulster, March 27, 1764, died at Albany, July 

29, 1835, 

144 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Catharine and Henry, infant children of Andrew H. and 
Mary De Witt, born March 18, 1827. Henry died 
March 18, 1827; Catharine, July 12, 1827. 
In memory of Henry, son of Andrew H. and Mary De 
Witt, who died September 2, 1824, aged 1 year and 15 

Sacred to the memory of Ephraim Henry, son of Ephm. 
and Mary De Witt," born May, 1812, died September 4, 

Rosanna, daughter of J. V. L, and Mary De Witt, died 
August 3, 1832, aged 1 year and 2 months. Also, 
their son Ephraim Henry, died March 24, 1834, aged 
5 months. 

David Deyo, died September 7, 1847, aged 55 years. 
Also, his wife Fanny Deyo, died August 11, 1847, 
aged 53 years. 

In hope of Eternity. 

Mary, daughter of the Rev. John and Sarah De Witt, 
born xxvi April, MDCCCXVI, died vin April, MDCCCXVIII, 
aged 1 year, 11 months and 13 days. 

Gather the children and those that suck the breasts. 
Joel R. Dic!-erman, died July 22, 1848, aged 35 y.. 8m. 
Benjamin Briaire, died July 15, 1846, aged 2 years and 
1 month. George W. Hulas, died January 6, 1846, 
aged 3 years and 2 months. 

There is another little hand 
To Heaven's harp strings given. 
Another gentle seraph's voice 
Another star in Heaven. 

Sons of J. R. Dickerman. 

John Wandell son of Thomas and Margaret Diamond, who 
departed this life January 31, 1854, aged 1 year, 7 
months and 23 days. 

So fades the lovely blooming flower 
Sweet smiling solace of an hour, 
So swift our transient comforts fly, 
And pleasures only bloom to die. 

William Disney, died June 26, 1842, aged 22 years, Also 
William, Jr., son of John and Ann Disney, died Sept. 
1845, aged one year and 6 months. 

Charles Edward, son of Perry and Harriet Dix, died 
Dec. 20, 1835, aged 1 year, 1 month and 20 days. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 145 

Sarah Smith, eldest daughter of Perry and Harriet Dix. 

born Oct. 1836, died April 1851. 
Sarah Jane Orr, wife of Thomas H. Dobbs, who died 

Dec. 27, 1840, in the 40th year of her age. 

Great God of justice, to thee will we kneel, 
Yet still each kindred heart must bleeding feel, 
But while the fond convulsive sobs arise, 
Hope brings her balm and points us to the skies. 

Mary B. Douglas, who died Sept. 20, 1841, aged 22 years, 

10 months and 24 days. 
Deborah, wife of John D. P. Douw and daughter of John 

Jas. Beeckman, Esq. who departed this life July 23, 

1791, aged 27 years, 7 months and 27 days. 
Rachel Douw died December 23, 1838, aged 63 years, 6 

months and 28 days. Volkert Douw, died Nov. 1, 1813, 

aged 35 years and 10 months. 
Peter P. Dox, who departed this life the 21st day of Nov. 

1815, aged 50 years, 1 month and 24 days. 
Alida, daughter of Elijah and Mary Alida Dygert, died 

Jan. 30, 1841, aged 1 year and 4 days. 

A flower lent, 

But not given. 

To die on earth 

And bloom in Heaven. 

Eliza, wife of Daniel Duesler, died Jan. 3, 1842, aged 

26 years, 3 months and 23 days. 
Elizabeth, wife of Robert W. Dunbar, died June 27, 1846 

aged 72 years. 
Anna Bradshaw, daughter of Robert W. and Elizabeth 

Dunbar, died Dec. 14, 1841, aged 41 years. 
William Dunbar who died July 10, 1825, aged 81 years, 

1 month and 22 days. 
Elizabeth wife of Wm. Dunbar, who died June 4, 1822, 

aged 73 years, 5 months and 13 days. 
Aaron Dunbar, son of William and Elizabeth Dunbar, 

was born Nov. 6, 1788, and died April 4, 1806, aged 28 

years, 4 months and 28 days. 
Fanny, consort of Richard Dusenberry, who departed 

this life Nov. 2, aged 47 years, 5 months and 11 days 
Capt. Richard Dusenberry, a patriot of the American Rev- 

146 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

olution, who departed this life Oct. 8, 1830, aged 71 
years, 1 month and 9 days. 

The great, the wise, the dreadful God. 
Hath snatched our dearest friends away, 
Not all their riches could procure 
Their souls a short reprieve, 
Nor save from death one guilty hour, 
Or let our cheerful parents live. 
Also their 3 infant children. 

Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, Rev. xiv chap. 13 verse. 
Eliza Ann Dusenberry, daughter of Richard and Fanny 
Dusenberry, who departed this life July 31, 1801, aged 
10 months and 20 days. 

Sleep on sweet babe 
And take thy rest, 
Thou art early called 
God's time's the best. 

James, the son of Jarves and Elizabeth Dusenberry, who 
departed this life Sept. 23, 1805, aged 17 years. 
Go home my friends and cease your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears, 
Repent in time while time you have, 
There's no repentance in the grave. 

Little Eddy, died July 10, 1849. 

Anthony Egbert, who departed this life Jan. 23, 1833, 

aged 80 years. 
Elizabeth Leonard, wife of John R. Elmendorf, died Jan. 

10, 1851, in the 38th year of her age. 
Rebecca Kidney, wife of James Elliot, who departed 

this life Feb. 18, 1809, aged 85 years, 9 months and 13 


Afflictions sore some time she bore, 
Physician's art was vain. 
Till God did please that death should seize, 
To ease her from her pain. 
She died in hope of a glorious resurrection. 
Catharine Young, wife of Solomon Enders, who departed 

this life Oct. 14, 1815, aged 19 years, 2 months and 14 

In memory of William, son of Bernardus and Martena 

Evertsen, who died 18th Jan. 1798, aged 19 years, 11 

months and f> days. Also Angelina their daughter, 

22d March, 1799, aged 9 years, 7 months and 22 days. 

Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 147 

In memory of Bernardus Evertsen, who departed this 

life Jan. 24, 1802, aged 54 years, 2 months and 22 

In memory of Martena, widow of Bernardus Evertsen, 

who departed this life May the 8th, 1807, aged 57 years, 

7 months and 4 days. 
Jacob, son of Bernardus and Martena, who died 18th June 

1800, aged 15 years, 10 months, 28 days. 
Sarah, consort of John Evertsen, and daughter of Chris^ 

topher and Sarah Lansing who. departed this life Aug. 

10, 1807, aged 23 years, 1 mo. and 28 days. 
Alida Evertsen, who departed this life on the 9th day of 

July, 1829, aged 51 years, 5 months and 1 day. 
Go home, dear friends, dry up your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears, 
Repent! repent! while time you have, 
There's no repentance iu the grave. 
Alida Evertsen, daughter of John and Alida Evertsen, 

who died March 19, 1818, aged 2 years, 4 months and 

19 days. 

Sleep on, sweet babe, and take your rest, 
For God hath done as he thought best. 
John Evertsen, died Nov. 17, 1832, in the 53d year of his 

Henry Evertsen, who departed this life July 9, aged 53 

years, 3 months and 6 days. 
John Evertsen, who departed this life July 5, 1834, in 

the 45th year of his age. 
Jacob Evertsen, who departed this life July 12, 1829, 

aged 62 years, 11 months and 23 days. 
Maria, wife of Levi Ewing died July 12, 1847, in the 47th 

year of her age. The faithful wife, affectionate mo- 
ther, and patient Christian. 
William James, son of Levi and Maria Ewing died Sept. 

5th, 1844, aged 11 months, and 19 days. 

Suffer little children to come unto me. 
Alexander Findley, who died Feb. 2, 1837, aged 51 years. 

A native of Perthshire, Scotland. 
Hiram Fitch, who died Sept. 15, 1838, aged 34 years, 2 

months and 13 days. 

Seek ye the Lord while he may be found-, call upon him while he 

148 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Lydia, wife of Simeon Fitch, died July 8, 1838, in the 61st 
year of her age. 

In memory of Anna Fay, wife of John Fay, Jr., daughter 
of JohnBogart Esq., who died July 8, 1822, aged 37 
years and 6 mos. 

Husband, farewell, my life is past, 
My love to you till death did last, 
For my decease no sorrow take, 
But love our offspring for my sake. 
Your loss I trust tho' fraught with pain, 
Will prove my everlasting gain. 

Rachel Vandusen, wife of Edward L. Foos, who depart- 
ed this life the 27th of May 1841, aged 27 years, 5 mos. 
and 17 days. 

She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. 

Elizabeth Cooper, wife of Edward L. Foos, who depart- 
ed this life the 19th day of March, 1848, aged 44 years, 
10 months and 29 days. 
She looketh well to the ways of her household and eateth not 

the bread of idleness. 

A promoter of love, virtue and temperance. 

David Fonda, who departed this life August 3, A. D. 
1805, aged 48 years, 6 months, 22 days. 

Douw Fonda, died May 17, 1833. aged 74 years, 1 mo. 
and 9 days. 

Matilda Beeckman, wife of Douw Fonda. Born Nov. 21 , 
1768, died 3d Oct. 1837. 

George Fonda, who, on the 12th, 1834, was removed by 
death from the midst of a large circle of friends and 
a most interesting field of Christian influence, in the 23d 
year of his age. 

His labor's done; this little dust, 
Our father's care shall keep. 
Till the last angel rise and break 
The long and dreary sleep 

Nicholas Fonda, son of Gysbert and Elise Fonda, who 
departed this life on the 27th day of Feb. 1797, aged 27 
years, 4 mos. and 28 days. 

Magdalen Fonda, died Feb. 20, 1838 in the 41st year of 
her age. 

Sacred to the memory of 
Phebe, wife of Capt. Eliakim Ford, 
who departed this life Sept. 17, 1834, aged 45 years and 
3 months. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 149 

Oh weep for her ye friends and relations, 
Her free happy spirit is roaming in bliss, 
And blest in that world where there is no trouble 
She forgets all her sorrows and anguish of this, 
Shed not o'er her grave the tear of despondence, 
For faith lends a ray to illumine the scene, 
It dispels the dark clouds which o'ershadow the prospect, 
And tells of a land where no clouds intervene. 
Then give from your eye the sad tear of affection, 
Sigh not that her spirit is free from its load, 
Oh rather rejoice that the flower that you cherish, 
Is planted forever in the garden of God. 

In memory of Capt. Eliakim Ford, who departed this 
life the 28th Oct. 1845, in the 60th year of his age. 

By nature's blasts and ocean travels, 

I was tossed to and fro, 

Now well escaped from all their rage 

I am anchored here below, 

Safely I hide in triumph here, 

With many of our fleet, 

Till signal calls to weigh again. 

Our admiral Christ to meet. 

Composed by his friend Whipple. 

William Alexander, son of Eliakim and Jane Ford, Jr., 

who departed this life the 26th July, 1844, aged 19 

Mary Forsey, who departed this life September the 10th, 

1792, aged 55 years, 9 mos. and 4 days. 
Catlina wife of Chandler Foster, died March 12, 1842, 

aged 28 years, 8 months, and 12 days. 
M. Fryer, died April 13, 1842, aged 19 years. 
Harme Gansevoort, of the city of Albany, merchant, who 

died on the 7th of March, 1801, aged 88 y. 7 mo. 17 d. 

And Magdalene his wife, who died on the 12th of 

October, 1796, aged 78 years and 2 mo. 
In memory of Anna Gansevoort, relict of C. D. 

Wyncoop, who died Aug. 9, 1794, aged 49 years, 10 

months and 3 days. 
Catharine Gansevoort, who departed this life April 14, 

1802, aged 42 years. 

Earth I wind no more about her breast, 
She thought it far better to depart. 

Leonard P. Gansevoort, who departed this life Nov. 20, 

1803, aged 35 years. 

150 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Doctor Peter Gansevoort, who died on the 19th March, 

1809, aged 84 years. 
Peter Gansevoort, a brigadier general in the army of the 

United States, who died on the 2d day of July, 1812, 

aged 62 years, 11 months and 16 days. 
Conrad Gansevoort, died Aug. 9, 1829, aged 68 years, 5 

Elsie Gansevoort, departed this life 14th day of May, 1824, 

aged 60 years. 
Peter C. Gansevoort, died June 7, 1829, aged 34 years, 

11 months. 
Henry Gansevoort, died May 30, 1831, aged 30 years, 5 

Maria Gansevoort, died August 1, 1841, aged 89 years. 

8 months. 
Julia, daughter of John and Jane Garnsey, died Dec. 25, 

1830, aged 1 y. 5 m. and 3 days. 
Amelia Alelia, daughter of John and Jane Garnsey, died 

July 9, 1825, aged 5 months and 9 days. 
John Garnsey, who died on the 15th of March 1838, aged 

41 years, also Jane Cunningham, wife of John Garn- 
sey, who died Feb. 2, 1838, aged 38 years. 
The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall flourish while they sleep in dust, 
John Garnsey, who died August 8, 1837, aged 12 years, 

also Jane Elizabeth Garnsey, who died April 19, 1835, 

aged 2 years and 4 months. " 
Sacred to the memory of John Gates, who departed this 

life Sept. 9, A.D, 1825, aged 75 years, 10 months and 

6 days. 

The righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance. 
Joseph Gates, son of John and Gertrude Gates, who de- 
parted this life Jan. 24, 1810, aged 27 years, 3 months 

and 12 days. 
David Groesbeck, who was born August 25, 1728, and 

died March 30, 1795. 
Cathalena Groesbeck, daughter of David I. and Harriet 

Groesbeck, who died Sept 25, 1807, aged 6 months and 

14 days. 

John Groesbeck, first son of David I. and Harriet Groes- 
beck, who departed this life Aug. 16, 1800, aged 11 

months and 29 days. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 151 

John Groesbeck 2d son of David I. and Harriet Groes- 

beck, who died January 31, 1804, aged 2 years, 11 

months and 27 days. 
William, son of Abraham Groesbeeck and Eliza Alexan* 

der, who died Jan. 9, 1814, aged 2 months, 12 days. 
Anthony Groesbeck, who departed this life June 1 1, 1812, 

63 years, 11 months and 17 days. 

" There is rest in heaven." 
Catalina Groesbeck, daughter of David I, and Harriet 

Groesbeck, who died Sept. 23, 1806, aged 1 year, 3 

months and 14 days. 
William Groesbeeck, who departed this life, July 6, 1802, 

aged 49 years and 19 days. 
Elizabeth Burton, wife of David W. Groesbeeck, died 

Sept. 29, 1804, aged 30 years and 22 days. 
Ann Willett, wife of David W. Groesbeeck, died May 6, 

1810, aged 33 years, 2 months and 27 days. 
Cathalina Groesbeck, widow of the late Anthony Groes- 
beck, who departed this life June 28, 1813, aged 62 

years, six months and 27 days. 

Go home, dear friend, and dry your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears, 
Repent in time while time you have, 
There's no repentance in the grave ,. 

John I. Groesbeck. 

Maria Groesbeck. 

Eliza, daughter of David W. Groesbeeck and Ann Willett, 
who departed this life May 26, 1833, aged 22 years, 
7 months, and 11 days, also William Gilbert, son of 
David W. and Lucy G. Groesbeeck, who departed this 
life July 5, 1840, aged 9 years, 6 months and 6 days. 

Lucretia, daughter of William W. and Eliza C. Groes- 
beeck, died 9th of June 1833, aged 8 years, 4 mo. and 
26 days. 

The loveliest flower in nature's garden placed, 
Permitted just to bloom then plucked in haste, 
Angels beheld her ripe for joys to come, 
And took by God's command their sister home. 

Henry Heymer, born Jan. 28, 1843, died Jan. 28, 1845;, 
[Annals, vi.] 14 

152 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

also Frederick Augustus, born July 7, 1841, died Au- 
gust 10, 1841, sons of Jacob H. and Anna M. Groes- 

Rachel Deforest, wife of John A. Goewey, who departed 
this life May 11, 1820, aged 50 years, 4 mos., 18 days. 

John A. Goewey, who departed this life June 25, 1828, 
aged 56 years, one month and 28 days. 

Jeremiah C., son of Ephriam P. and Maria Goodhue, 
who departed this life March 29th, 1830, aged 10 mos. 
and 15 days. 

Hannah Ross, wife of James Gourlay, who departed this 
life Dec. 17, 1797, aged 18 years, 8 mos. 11 days. 

Hannah Gourley, who departed this life, August 23, 
1798, aged 54 years, 4 months. 

George Gosman, died July 23, 1841, aged 18 years and 

I month. 

Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth. 

In memory of John Graham. 

Stephen Grange, son of Jas. and Mary Grange, who de- 
parted this life Sept. 25, 1813, aged 4 yrs., 11 months 
and 10 days. 

Margaret Graves, died June 30, 1846, aged 34 years and 

II months, also Richard Graves, died July 15, 1848. 
aged 48 years. 

Clara Louisa, only child of Mrs. Eliza Gray, died Nov. 
27, 1825, aged 4 years and 7 months. 
Gone is the flower, sweet bud of early spring, 
By ruthless death's cold finger rudely pressed, 
Yet ah, grim tyrant, pointless is thy sting, 
It fading fell to ripen with the blessed. 
Mourners, to you this cheering hope is given, 
It sunk to earth to freshly bloom in heaven. 

Catharine, wife of James H. Grovesteen, who died April 
1, 1849, aged 30 years, 7 months and 13 days, also 
Lydia Maria, daughter of James H. and Catharine Gro- 
vesteen died Aug. 8, 1840, aged 2 months, 8 days. 

Elizabeth De Witt, wife of Henry Guest, born the 24th of 
June 1769, and departed this life the 23d of Jan. 1805. 

Jane Ann Guest, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Guest, 
born the 23d Sept. 1802. and died the 31st Aug. 1809. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 153 

William E., son gf Silas and Catharine Hagadorn, died 

March 14, 1853, aged 4 years and 24 days. 
Elizabeth Hagarty, wife of William Hagarty, who de- 
parted this life Jan. 8, 1792, aged 34 years, 7m. 
Hester Handford, wife of George Handford, who died 
August 8, 1826, aged 49 years, 8 months and 3 days. 
Also of their infant son Joseph R. Van Zandt Hand- 
ford, who died Jan'y 23, 1826, aged 4 years, and 3 

Isaac Hansen, who departed this life on the 4th day of 
March, 1818, aged 40 years, 2 months and 26 days. 
The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 
Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

Gertrude Hansen, daughter of Isaac and Jane Hansen, 
who died April 28, 1808, aged 2 years, 8 mos. and 13 
Gertrude Hansen, second daughter of Isaac and Jane 

Hansen, who died July 27, aged 2 mos. and 21 days. 
Obadiah Cooper Hansen, son of Issac and Jane Hansen, 
who died Dec. 18, 1809, aged 2 years, 5 months and 27 

In memory of Jane Hansen, wife of Isaac Hansen, de- 
parted this life Jan. 19, 1815, aged 33 years, 4 months 
and 19 days. 

Sarah Ann Watts, wife of J. W. Harcourt, who died April 
20, 1847, in the 27th year of her age. 
A loving wife, a mother dear, 
A faithful friend lies buried here. 
In love she lived, in peace she died, 
Her life- was craved, but God .ienied. 

Alanson St. John, son of J. W. and S. A. Harcourt, died 
Sept 11, 1843, aged 14 months and 5 days. 

A beauteous flower nipt by death, 
Oh no, upborne to milder skies, 
Where no rude wind with icy breath, 
Shall blight this flower of paradise. 

Sarah Ann Harcourt, who died July 7, 1845, in the 20th 
year of her age. 

In life beloved, in death forever dear, 

O friend, sister, take this parting tear. 

154 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Grround Inscriptions. 

The Hon. Herman M. Hardenburgh, member of Assem- 
bly from Sullivan county, born May 19, 1779, depart- 
ed this life March 22, 1830. 

Martha, daughter of Wm. and Margaret Harrison, who 
departed this life Jan. 28, 1837, aged 3 years, 6 months. 

Tho' young 

Her claim on God was great, 
Ht-r mind extended high, f 

Her words were, God my Saviour, 
In thee I live and die. 

Catharine Louisa, daughter of George Adam and Eliza- 
beth Hartmann, died April 11, 1846, aged 1 year, 8 m. 

Nancy Hasbrouck, wife of Peter Hasbrouck, who died 
March 16, 1828, in the 42d year of her age. 

Rachel, wife of Matthias Hawes,who died June 23, 1821, 
in the 42d year of her age. 

Martin Hebeysen, a native of Zuettlingen in Germany. 
He departed this life on the 19th of June, A. D. 1827, 
at the age of 88 years, 7 months and 8 days, anticipat- 
ing with Christian hope the coming of the Lord. 

Adam Helmer, who departed this life May 7, 1844, aged 
71 years, 10 months and 28 days. 

Sally Ann, wife of James A. Hewson and daughter of 
David W. Groesbeeck and Anna Willett who departed 
this life March 16, 1842, in the 34th year of her age. 
Also Lydia, reljct of the late Peter Van Dusen, who de- 
parted this life April 26, 1832, in the 70th year of her 

Ann Hewson, wife of Samuel Harbeck, who departed 
this life Sept. 12,' 1823, aged 36 years and 15 days. 

Patience and order adorned her mind, . 
Her lips were lade, her carriage mild, 
Patient and meek, to Heaven resigned, 
She died in hope of joy above. 

Hier ruhe der kleine engel Catrina Hetinger ist Geboren 
"den 5 September 1840 und gestorben den 5 September 

Hier ruhe die asche. 

Silas Brooks, son of Hamlet H. and Hannah M. Hickcox, 

died July 15, 1837, aged 11 years and 4^days. 
Elizabeth Hilton, daughter of Simon V. A. and Cathe- 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 155 

rine Hilton, who died April 6, 1837, aged 5 years and 
3 months. 

William Hilton, who died April 15, 1832, aged 22 years, 
7 months and 5 days. 

Till Christ shall come to rise the slumbering dead, 
Farewell, pale, lifeless clay, a long farewell: 
Sweet be your sleep and peaceful rest thy head, 
Where we have laid thee in thy lonely grave. 
William I. Hilton, who died June 19, 1825, aged 94 

Catherine Hanson, wife of Jonathan Hilton, who died 

Dec. 16, 1838, aged 85 years, 1 month and 22 days. 
Joseph Hill, son of Seth and Cynthia Hill, of Weston, Ct. 
who died Aug 20, 1832. J3 33 years, 6 mo. and 1 day. 
Rachel, daughter of Granvill and Catharine Hbckridge, 

who died June 17, 1826. 

Abraham Hooghkirk, who departed this life May I2T, 1807,. 
aged 63 years, 6 months and 26 days, also his SOB9>v 
Abraham, died Sept, 9, 1801, aged 19 years, 10 months 
and 21 days; William, died April 26, 1805, aged 18 
years, 2 months and 4 days'. x 

Within this little space of ground 
The father and two sons are found 
We hope in Heaven they do rest 
And by our Saviour they are blest. 

In memory of Susannah, daughter of Lucas and Mary 
Hooghkirk, who departed this life Sept. 28, 1808 Jd 
4 years, 9 mos. and 19 days. 

Isaac Hooghkirk, who departed this life, Sept. 12 1809 
aged 72 years, 5 mos. and 22-daysv"- - \ 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord 

Sacred to the memory of Arthur Hotchkiss who departed 
this life July 25, 1826, in the 53d year of his age 

and Amy Holmes ' died 

Jotham Holmes, died Sept. 1838, aged 72 years 
Elizabeth, wife of David Holt, died Sept. 10, 1845, ag ed 

65, in perfect peace. 

Beneath this stone were deposited, the remains of Arme- 
nia Hoyt, daughter of Gould and Sarah Hoyt who 
died April 22, 1817, aged 18 years, ft monthT and 2 

156 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Beneath this stone were deposited the remains of Ma- 
ria Hoyt, daughter of Gould and Sarah Hoyt, who died 
Dec. 19, 1819, aged 25 years, 4 months and 14 days. 

This stone performs the sacred office of telling where 
were deposited the remains of Sarah Reed, wife of 
Gould Hoyt, who died July 18, 1819, at the age of 49 
years, 8 months and 21 days. 

Mary, daughter of William and Magdelin Humphrey, 
who died June 14, 1826, aged 1 year, 9 months, and 
24 days. 

In memory of Catherine Snyder, wife of Paul Hochstras- 
ser, who died September 2, 1817, aged 47 years and 5 

Henry Hyer, who departed this life Sept. 15, 1802, aged 
23 years, 2 mos. and 2 days. 

Mary, widow of Henry Hyer, who departed this life Sept. 
24, 1831, aged 51 years and 9 months. 

But there is that which shall awake, 

E'en from the grave's unconscious dawning, 

A light of glory which shall break, 
This gloom with everlasting heaming. 

In memory of Magdelin, wife of William Humphrey, who 
departed on the 27th of August, 1832, aged 34 years, 1 
month and 2 days, also their infant. 

Happy spirit ! ye are fled, 
Where no pain can entrance find, 
Lull'd to rest thy aching head, 
In the bosom of thy God. 

Robert Henry, who departed this life May 14th, 1828, in 
the 35th year of his age. 

Afflictions sore long time I bore, 

Physicians were in vain, 
Till God did please to give me ease 
And free me from my pain. 

Sacred to the memory of a fond and affectionate husband 
and kind parent, who died of consumption Feb. 7, 1847, 
aged 25 years and 10 mo. 

Father, thy will be done. 

J. W. Jackson, born in Warington, Lancashire Co. Eng- 
land, October 18, 1781. died February 24, 1848, aged 
66 years, 7 months and 24 days. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 157 

Peter C., son of James and Elizabeth Jackson, died July 
6, 1847, aged 2 years and 10 months. 

Ere sin could blight or sorrow fade, 

Death came with friendly care, 
The opening bud to heaven conveyed, 
And bade it blossom there. 

John W. son of John and Ann Jackson, born Feb. 13, 
1810, drowned at Coxsackie, June 10, 1844. 

Danger stands thick through all the ground, 

To push us to the tomb, 
And fierce diseases wait around, 

To hurry mortals home. 

In midst of life we are in death. 

Margaret Chambers, wife of Henry L. Jewell, born June 4, 
1810, died Jan. 7, 1853. 

Joseph Jewell, son of J. P. and Margaret Jewell, who 
died Jan. 28, 1819, aged 2 years, 10 months and 28 
days, also Maria Jewell, who died March 6, 1819, aged 
10 months and 1 1 days. 

Margaret Thompson, wife of Jeremiah P. Jewell, who 
died Dec. 10, 1840, aged 49 years, 7 mos. and 5 days. 

Susan Johnson, daughter of John and Elizabeth Johnson, 
who departed this life Nov. 15, 1817, aged 5 years, 9 
months and 7 days, also Hetty Maria Johnson, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth Johnson, who departed this 
life Dec. 1, 1817. 

Wm. Johnson, son of John and Elizabeth Johnson, who 
was drowned on the 16th day of June, 1827, aged 7 
years, 7 mo. and 12 days. 

With inHocence and spotless soul, 

I wandered to the river, 
Then in the water I did wade, 

And lost my life forever. 

Ill memory of John Bedford Johnson, who died Jan'y 13 
1825 aged 22 years, 7 months and 13 days. 

Stay, hasty youth, and view my tomb, 
Nor vainly boast of years to come, 
Your bodies made of brittle clay, 
Will quickly fall and drop away. 
What though I died in blooming prime, 
It was the Lord's appoit.ted time. 

158 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

John Johnson, who died May 4, 1829, aged 52 years and 

27 days, also Elizabeth, his wife, who died Sept 22, 

1846, in the 69th year of her age. 
Sarah Jones, of the parish of Langellar, Carmarthan- 

shire, South Wales, who died May 7, 1826, aged 63 

years. Erected by Thomas Morgan as a tribute of 

In memory of John Jones, who departed this life Sept. 

6, 1810, aged 21 years and 52 days. 

Having tasted prelibation of the joys of Heaven, and magnified the 
praises of redeeming love, he triumphed over the terrors of death in 
the hope of a glorious resurrection. 

Elizabeth, wife of William Kane, who departed this life 
Sept. 17, 1793, in the 50th year of her age. 

How loved, how valued once, and it avails me not, 
To whom related or by whom begot. 
A heap of dust alone remains for me, 
This all I am and all the world shall be. 

Peter Kane, son of William and Elizabeth Kane, who 
departed this life Augt. 23, 1805, aged 17 years and 4 

Stop, traveler, weep; for here beneath death's shade, 
Snatched from his friends, a lovely youth is laid, 
But weep in hope, for soon he'll burst this sod, 
And rise in air to meet his Saviour God. 

John Kane, son of William and Elizabeth Kane, who de- 
parted this life Aug. 15, 1837, in the 62d year of his 
a ge. 

In memory of Matilda, daughter of Elias and Deborah 
Kane, who died March 3, 1819, aged 6 years, 3 
months and 22 days. 

William Kean, who departed this life 30th day of August 
18 19, in the 80th year of his age. 

My flesh still slumbers in the ground, 
Till the last trumpet's joyfuj sound, 
Then burst the chains with sweet surprise, 
And in my Saviour's image rise. 

Maria, wife of W. II. Kearney, and daughter of the late 
Sybrant Kittle, died Nov. 14, 1846, aged 35 years, 8 
months and 5 days. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 159 

In memory of Elizabeth Linn Keese, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Rebecca Keese, of the city of New York, who 
died on the 16th July, 1811, aged 11 months. 

In memory of Elizabeth Kenyon, wife of Moses Kenyon, 
who died June 15, 1830, aged 47 years and 2 mos. 

Here sleeps the wife and mother in the silent dust. 

By all eur sorrow all our love unmoved, 
Sleeps till the solemn summons of the just, 

Bids her awake to meet the Go 1 she loved. 

Jonathan Kidney, born Dec. 11, 1760, died March 20, 
1849, also his wife Hannah Kidney, born January 9, 
1764, died Dec. 30, 1833. 

Harriet Kilbourn, died Jan. 17, 1888, aged 4 years; 
Catharine Kilbourn, died Feb. 16, 1838, aged 7 years, 
6 mos. Children of George and Catharine Kilbourn. 

And must I take the last fond look, 

And say the last farewell, 
Consign my precious ones to earth, 

And sound their funeral knell? 
With bursting heart I yield you up, 

My angel children, farewell. 

John Kip, of the city of New York, who died Feb. 27, 
1796, aged 21 years and 10 months and 11 days. 

Stop, traveler, weep, for here beneath death's shade, 
Snatched from his friends a lovely youth is laid. 
But weep in hope for soon he'll burst this sod, 
And rise in air to meet his Saviour God. 

William Henry, son of Vincent and Phebe King, who 
died Oct. 7, 1822, aged 1 year, 8 months and 17 days. 

Daniel S. Kittle, died Feb. 1, 1842, aged 43 years, 10 
months and 15 days. 

Clarissa Ann, wife of Daniel S. Kittle, died Dec. 16, 
1843, aged 43 years, 4 mos. and 16 days. 

Charles E., son of Daniel S. and Clarissa Ann Kittle, 
died June 2, 1842, aged 13 years and 6 months. 

Daniel Van S.chaick, son of Daniel and Clarissa Ann Kit- 
tle, died June 22, 1849, in the 18th year of his age. 

William James, sou of Daniel S. and Clarissa Ann Kit- 
tle, died Aug. 24, 1838, aged 2 years and 14 days. 

Charlotte L.., daughter of Daniel S. and Clarissa Ann Kit^ 
He, died Feb, 24, 1842, aged 1 year, 3 months, 10 days. 

160 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Catharine, daughter of Daniel S. and Clarissa Ann Kit- 
tle, who died Sept. 28, 1829, aged 2 years and 6 days. 
John H. Kittle, eldest son of the late Daniel S. and Cla- 
rissa Ann Kittle, died March 17, 1845, aged 19 y. 2m. 
Sybrant Kittle, departed this life March 1, 1844, aged 

68 years, 2 months and 4 days. 

Ann, wife of Sybrant Kittle, who departed this life May 
19, 1830, aged 51 years, 7 inos. and 19 days. 
Weep not for me, my children dear, 
I am not dead but sleeping here, 
Repent in time, what time you have, 
There's no repentance in the grave. 

Farewell, dear husband, my life is past, 
Don't mourn for me nor sorrow take, 
But love my children for my sake. 

Josiah Kittle, son of Malachi and Maria Kittle, of Cana- 
joharie Montgomery county, wh 3 died July IS, 1832, 
aged 19 years, 4 months and 23 days. 

In memory of Adam Kettle, born Sept. 21, 1813, died 
June 17, 1837, aged 23 years, 8 mo., 26 days, also Ann, 
his wife, died Jan. 15, 1836, aged 19 years. 

To the memory of Charles Kettle, who departed this life 
August 22, 1840, aged 19 years, 9 months and 10 days. 

Audley P. Knowers, who died October 1, 1841, in the 
27th year of his age. 

The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

Rustplatts van L. H. Koop, geb. Stubenrauch, oud 22 jaar 
1 maand en 2 dagen. Geb. 6 October, 1828; overl 8 
Nov. 1850. L. W. Koop eenige doghter Overleedene 
oud 3 jaar, 9 maand en 1 Dag. geb. 23 Octo. 1850; Over. 
24 July, 1854. 

Albert Koster, geb. den 29 Aug. 1846, gest. den 8 Juli 
1847, alter 10 mon. 10 tage. 

Warum weil fc euer nassen Aus;e 
Auf disem stein und diesem Grab, 
Hebt euren blick empor zum Himmel, 
Und trocknen cure thranen ab. 
Wo ich nun bin den Engelen gleich, 
Gelubte! da erwart ich euch. 

Annatie Vissher, wife of James La Grange, who depart- 
ed this Ijfe Aug. 20, 1704 , aged 30 years. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 161 

Alida, daughter of James and Annatie La Grange, who de- 
parted this life August 11, 1793, aged 1 year, 10m. 28 d. 

Myndert, son of James and Annatie Lagrange, who de- 
parted this life May 26, 1794 aged 11 months. 

James La Grange, died Feb. 16, 1827, aged 64 years, 25 d. 
He was a man highly respected by his friends and acquaintances 

and in all the social relations of a husband and father he was seldom 


Arie La Grange, who was born Nov. 12, 1738, and de- 
parted this life April 6, 1798. 

Maria Van Antwerp, wife of Arie La Grange deceased, 
who departed this life Feb. 6, 1801, aged 58 years, 4 
months, 2 days. 

John V. S. Lansing, who departed this life the 30th April 
1708, aged 26 years, 11 mos. and 10 days. 

Sarah Van Schayck, born Nov. 26, 1743, wife of Chris. 
Lansing, since Jan. 26, 1766, departed April 23, 1788, 
aged 44 years, 4 mos. and 28 days. 

In memory of Christopher Lansing, who died Oct. 25, 
1819, aged 76 years, 8 months and 26 days. 

Here lies interred the body of Col. Jacob Lansing, Jr., obt. 
Jan. 18, 1791, aged 76 years. 

Catherine Lansing, wife of John Lansing. She died Octo- 
ber 27, 1799, aged 61 years. 

Jacob G. Lansing, who died Nov. 25, 1803, aged 66 years, 
also Frances, wife of Jacob G. Lansing, who dfed 
March 26, 1807, aged 56 years. 

Sander I. Lansing, died April 3, 1807, in his 84th year. 

Thomas Lansing, who departed this life March 4, 1811, 
aged 83 years, 5 mos. and 2 days. 

Behold and see as you pass by, 
. As you are now so once was I. 
As I am now so shall you be, 
Prepare yourself to follow me. 

James, died 18th March, 18S8, aged 2 years, 6 months 
and 24 days; Elizabeth Russ, died 5th April, 1838. 
aged 1 year 2 months, 14 days. Son and daughter of 
Christian La Grange and Gertrude McClusky. 
Sleep on, sweet babe, and take thy rest, 
For God has done as he thought best. 

162 Ref, Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Jacob Lansing, Elizabeth Lansing. Placed here by their 

Henry R. Lansing, who died August 9, 1819, aged 81 

years and 7 mo. 
In memory of Cathrine Douw, mother of Abrm. A. Lan ; 

singh, who departed this life Feb. 2, 1798, aged 79 y. 
Jacob I. Lansing, who departed this life June 4, 1830, in 

the 77th year of his age, also Susannah, wife of Jacob I. 

Lansing, who departed this life April 25, 1817, in the 

61st year of her age. 
Elsie Lansing, daughter of Jacob I. Lansing, born July 

28, 1748, departed this life July 20, 1811, aged 62 

years, 11 months and 20 days. 
John Jacob Lansing, who departed this life April 19, 

18 J8, aged 92 years, 3 months and 19 days. 
In memory of Catharine Schuyler, wife of John Jacob Lan- 
sing, who departed this life March 31, 1797, aged 73 

years and 7 months. 
Charles, son of Jacob and Jane Lansing, died June 16, 

1849, aged 15 years, 11 months and 21 days. An af- 
fectionate son and brother. 
In memory of Helena, wife of Jeremiah Lansing, who 

died Oct. 11, 1829, aged 38 years, 11 months, 20 days. 
Jane, wife of Abraham F. Lansing, who departed this 

life June 18, 1826, in the 39th year of her age. 
Frances L., daughter of Samuel W. and Frances R. Larch- 

er, who departed this life July 11, 1837, aged 1 year 

4 mo. and 1 1 days. 
Bevillo Wells, son of William and Elizabeth Lathrop, 

who died May 5, 1828, aged 2 years, 9 months and 25 


Dear little one, though nursed with care, 
No effort could detain thee here. 

Dennis, son of Patrick Laughrey who died April 12, 

1803, aged 3 years and 10 months. 
Frances, son of Francis I. and Maria Lay, who departed 

this life March 1, 1825. 
In memory of Elizabeth Smith, and Anna Slingerland, 

children of Robert S. and Anna M. Lay. They were 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 163 

born August 31, 1835, Anna S. died Sept. 10, 1835, 
aged 10 days. Elizabeth S., died Nov. 19, 1836, aged 
I year, 2 mos. and 13 days. 

George Henry, son of George H. and Margaret A. 
Lester, born Feb. 26, 1847, died Ftb. 25, 1853, aged 
6 years. 

Father, mother, bo'h adieu, 

My sister, I must part with you, 

My Saviour calls, with joy I go, 

And leave a world of care and woe. 

Departed this life on the 21st day of Nov. 1839, Mary 
Talbert, consort of James F. Linaere, deceased, aged 
30 years, 8 months and 6 days. 

Our loved one has gone to the mansion above, 
Where the sorrows of earth can ne'er come. 
And oh, may we live in such confident faith, 
As to meet her when God calls us home. 

In memory of Phillip Talbert, son of James F. and Ma- 
ry Linaere, departed this life Jan. 22, 1836, aged 5 
years, 9 mos. and 7 days. 

In memory of James F. Linaere, who died Jan. 12, in 
the 32d year of his age, 

The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish while they sleep in dust. 

Sacred to the memory of Ann B. Lockerty, wife of Wil- 
liam C. Lockerty and -daughter of James and Mary 
Sickels, who died Nov. 18, 1831, aged 30 years. 

A long farewell, my partner dear, I see thee LOW no more. Those 
gentle tones are hushed-, in vain I look for thee at my reiurn at eve; 
in vain thy little babes call on the name of mother. We'll meet thee,. 
dearest, in that happy land where sorrow can not come ; in those bright 
spheres naught shall divide us more. 

In memory of Elizabeth Lockerty, who departed this life 
Feb. 22, 1837, in the 77th year of her age. 

Charles Lockrow, who departed this life Jan. 4, 1838,. 
rged 68 years and 17 days. 

This monument is erected as a memorial of that affection and re- 
gpect due to the best of fathers from his son Van Buren Lockrow,. 
Nov. 1840. 

[Annals, vi.] 15 

164 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Gitty Eliza Lockrow, daughter of Thomas and Harriet 
Lockrow. She departed this life August 25, 1818, aged 
1 year, 6 months and 12 days. 

Sleep on, dear babe, and take thy rest, 
God called thee home, he thought it best. 

AlvahM. Lockwood, died Feb. 10, 1835, in the 24th year 

of his age. 
James E. Lougee, son of Noah and Maria E. Lougee, died 

Feb. 16, 1821, aged 1 year and 18 days. 
Robert Lottredge, who departed this life Oct. 31st, 1848, 

in the 75th year of his age. 

Afflictions sore long time I bore, 

Physicians were in vain, 
Till God did please to give me ease 

And free me from my pain. 

Gertrude Lovell, daughter of John B. and Gertrude Vis- 
scher, who died June 12, 1831, aged 27 yrs. 6 months 
and 6 days. 

Cicero Loveridge, died Oct. 27, 1842, aged 30 years. 
Self-educated and highly gifted, 

Early distinguished, 

As well in his profession of the Law, 

As an accomplished writer, 

And an eloquent orator. 

His many friends, 
Mourning in his untimely death, 
The blight of so much promise, 

Have erected 
This tribute to his cherished memoiy. 

Esteemed and beloved, 
For his generous nature, true heart, 

Unswerving faith, 
And unsullied integrity. 

" To war on Fraud entrenched with Power, 
On smooth pretence, and specious wrong, 

This task waS his in life's brief hour, 
For this he banished sky and song." 

Jacob Ludlow, son of the Rev. John and Catalena V. S, 
Ludlow, died Augt. 11, A. D. 1824, aged 10 months 
and 15>days. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 165 

Alas, how changed that lovely flower, 
Which bloomed and cheered my breast. 
Fair fleeting comfort of an hour. 
How soon we're all to part. 

James Ludlow, son of the Rev. John and Catalena V. S. 

Ludlow, died Dec. 16, A. D. 1825, aged 2 years and 2 

Nancy, wife of Sylvester Lyman, died Feb. 23, 1842, 

aged 64 years. 

Sylvester Lyman, died May 20, 1839, aged 63 years. 
Lucy Ann G., wife of Wm. Lyman, died Nov. 8, 1845, 

aged 32 years. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Lyons, wife of John Lyons, deceased, and 

daughter of the late Sybrant Kittle, died Jan. 31, 

1846, aged 43 years, 6 months and 10 days. 
Ann Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth Lyons, 

died July 5, 1874, aged 19 years, 2 months and 5 days. 
In memory of David H., son of John and Elizabeth 

Lyons, who died Dec. 19, 1843, aged 18 years, 2 mos. 

and 26 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Doctor Wilhelmus Mancius, 

who was born Sept. 29, 1739, and departed this life 

Oct. 22, 1808, aged 69 years and 26 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Catharine Mancius, who de- 
parted this life September 9, 1826, aged 3 months. 
In memory of Anna Mancius, wife of Doct. W. Mancius, 

who departed this life April 26, 1816, aged 74 years, 

7 months and 16 days. 

John Mancius, died January 6, 1827, aged 43 years. 
Jacob Mancius, died November 7, 1833, in the 54th year 

of his age, 
Jane Ann Mancius, wife of Jacob Mancius, died August 

26, 1834, in the 45th year of her age. 
In memory of William Benjamin, son of William and 

Margaret Martin, who departed this life August 31, 

1842, aged 16 months and 2 days. 

Short was my life, 
Long be my rest-, 
Christ took me home 
When he thought best. 

166 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of Andrew Henry, born April 18, 1838 
died April 2, 1844. Also Benjamin Bradt, born July 
8, 1843, died Sept. 27, 1844, children of William and 
Margaret Martin. 

Suffer little children to come unto me. 

Eliza McFarline, who died March 3, 1852, aged 24 years. 
She was a faithful teacher in the Bethel Sabbath School, 
and in death, as in life, gorified God. Her remains are 

deposited here and her name inscribed by her pastor 
.as a tribute of departed worth. 

Dearest sister, tbou hast left us 
Here thy loss we deeply feel-, 
But 'tis God who has bereft us 
He can all our sorrows heal. 
Yet again we hope to meet thee 
When the day of life is fled ; 
Then in heaven with joy to greet thee 
Where no farewell tear is shed. 

To the memory of Abigal Main, wife of Mr. Thomas 
Main, who died June 9, A. D., 1835, aged 18 years, 
4 months and 29 days. 

There was no doctor my life could save 
From being laid in the cold grave -, 
Here to he devoured by the worm 
And leave my husband and babe to mourn. 

Under this stone are interred the mojtal remains of 

John Hardenberg Meier, 

r lale minister of the Reformed Dutch Church in the city of Sche- 
:nectady. He adorned the doctrines of God his Saviour displaying 
uniformly his attachment to them and their influence over him 

As a man, he was amiable, possessing a peaceable disposition, fond 
of social intercourse and desirous of happiness in others. 

Asa minister of the Gospel, he was greatly esteemed by all \vho 
knew him, b ing blessed with a sound judgment, devoted to the ser- 
vice of the sanctuary from prir.ciple, loving the glorious Redeemer, 
desirous of winning souls to his dominion. 

In the midst of his days, he was called hence and left this world 
looking with faiih and patience for the blessed appearing of the 
Great Goi! and our Saviour Jesus Christ. 

He was born October 19, 1774, and died Sept. 11 1S06, aged 31 
)ears, 10 months and 23 days-, having been engaged in the service of 
Jehovah Jesus almost eight years, of which he spent better than 
three in Schenectady. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 16T 

In memory of Rebeccah, daughter of Peter and Hannah, 

Marshall, who died Sept. 28, 1802, aged 11 months 

and 10 days. 
Allen Melvill, born in Boston, April 7, 1782, died Jan.. 

29, 1831. 
In memory of Benjamin, son of James and Eliza Mix, 

died Dec. 11, 1831, aged 10 years, and 10 months. 
Mary Celin, daughter of John and Polly Milwain, bom 

Jan. 13, 1835, died May 28, 1840, aged 5 years, 4 

months and 15 days. 
Jane Ann, daughter of John and Polly Milwain, died Sept- 

7, 1841, aged 15 years and 18 days. 
In memory of Elizabeth Minders, who departed this 

life August 27, 1823, aged 78 years. 

The sweet remembrance of the just 
Shall not perish with their dust. 

Christian Miller, an old disciple, born at Hanau, Germany, 
March 7, 1767, died in Albany, Dec. 6, 1844. 

A devout man, and one that feared God. 

Maria, wife of Christian Miller, died April 30, 1850; 
aged 86 years, 10 days. 

Asleep in Jesus. 

Augustus V. S. son of Christian and Maria Miller, died 

in Albany, August 16, 1812, aged 16 years, 4 months 

and 11 days. 
Sarah Kip Miller, wife of Wm. Wendell, died May 19, 

1850, in her 24th year. 

In memory of 
Sarah S. Kip, wife of William C. Miller, 

Who having from early youth illustrated the power of divine grace 
by a life eminently devoted to her God and Redeemer, and rendered 
herself greatly endeared and prized in all the relations she sustained, 
especially in those of a wife and mother, in perfect peace yielded up 
her spirit on the 28th day cf Dec. 1837, being the 37th anniversary 
of her birth. 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord; they rest from their 
labours and their works do follow them. 

Leonard William, son of Wm. C. and Sarah S. Miller, who 
died May 31, 1833, aged 3 years, 9 months and 10 

168 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Lived to wake each tender passion 

And delightful hopes inspire-, 
Died to try our resignation 

And direct our wishes higher. 

Isaac Kip Miller, born Feb. 24, 1822, died Jan. 22, 

Them also which sleep in Jesus 
Will God bring with him. 

Richard De Witt, son of Wm. C. and Sarah S. Miller, 
who died June 20, 1833, aged 7 months and 16 days. 

Rest, sweet babe, in gentle slumbers 

Till the resurrection morn; 
Then arise to join the numbers 

That its triumph shall adorn. 

In memory of Peter Miller, who died Dec. 31, 1827, 
aged 40. Also of his infant daughter Elsie Gertrude, 
who died August 30, 1821, aged 13 months and 1 day. 

Silas, son of William C. and Lydia M. Miller, who died 
Sept. 10, 1840, aged 2 months and 13 days. 

Hamlet, died August 10, 1843, aged 2 months and 24 

George Henry, son of Richard and Jane Morrell, died 
August 19, 1835, aged 3 years, 11 months and 16 days. 

Sleep on, my child, 

And take thy rest, 
Thy early call, 

God thought it best. 

Thomas Morgan, Jun., who died Jan. 20, 1832, aged 

35 years. 

Jane Ann Moore, who died July 11, 1852, in the 34th 
year of her age. 

The remembrance of the just, 

Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 

Samuel Morrell, 1843, M 38. 

William W. died July 28, 1846, aged 3 years, 10 months 
and 28 days. 

It is said that little spirits, 

Taken from the vale of wo, 
By their pure insullied merits 
To thy starry regions go,. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 169 

Andrew, Jr., died Dec. 22, 1850, aged 12 years, 1 month 
and 16 days. 

But I know thou hast forever, 

Little sufferer, gone to rest, 
To return I'd have thee never 

From the kingdom of the blest. 

Sons of Andrew and Margaret Moore. 

Mary Parker, wife of John McCrossen, died July 12, 

1852, aged 66 years. 

Here lies the body of Catharine McDowl, who departed 
this life Nov. 30, 1790, aged 35 years, 2 months and 
28 days. 

Elizabeth McGrea, departed this life April 4, 1846, aged 
75 years. 

Dear mother, 

Tho' severed now we hope to meet above 
In realms of bliss and never ending love. 

In memory of Catharine Eliza, wife of Angus McNaugh- 

ton, who departed this life October 12, 1841, aged 21 

years and 8 months. Also John Van Kuren, infant son 

of A. and C. E. McNaughton, died October 20, 1841, 

aged 3 months and 20 days. 
George H. son of Wm. and Sarah McKenzie, was born 

Feb. 16, 1849, died Nov. 8, 1851. Also William M. 

McKenzie, was born April 10, 1851, died July 21, 1851. 
Margery McLeod, born March 29, 1785, died Dec. 2, 

1852, aged 67 years, 8 months and 22 days. 
Duncan McLeod, son of Donald and Margery McLeod, 

born August 22, 1794, died Jan. 1, 1834, aged 39 

years, 4 months and 10 days. 
Margery McLeod, wife of Donald McLeod, who departed 

this life May 4, 1831, aged 79 years, 1 month and 22 

Donald McLeod, who departed this life June 22, 1834, 

aged 80 years, 1 month and 21 days. 
Agnes, daughter of John and Agries McLachlan, who 

died on the 12th day of May, 1846, aged 38 years 

and 15 days. 
Robert, son of John and Agnes McLachlan, who died on 

th.e 28th day of May, 1837, aged 28 years. 

J70 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

William Munsing. 

To the memory of Marte Mynderse, born 20th April, 

1728, died 26th April, 1806, aged 79 years and 6 days. 
In memory of Sara Mynderse, wife of Marte Mynderse, 

who departed this life February 15, 1791, aged 66 

years and 1 month. 
Cornelia, wife of Benjamin Myers, died Dec. 5, 1851, aged 

33 years. 

Of such is the kingdom of heaven. 

Harriet, died June 29, 1852, aged 2 years, and 10 month, 

Cornelia, died Feb. 17, 1852, aged 6 months. Children 

of B. and C. Miers. 
In memory of Elizabeth wife of John W. Netterville, 

who died June 24, 1836, aged 40 years. Also John T. 

L. Netterville, died Dec. 27, 1828, aged 2 years. Also 

William I. Netterville, died March 6, 1834, aged 4 

years, children of J. W. and Elizabeth Netterville. 
Sacred to the memory of Mary Ann Nemire, wife of John 

H. Nemire, who died May 1, 1809, aged 52 years, and 

25 days. 
Rustplaats van onzen geliefden oudsten zoon, M. L. Van 

Nouhuijs, geboren 8th April, 1832, overleden 27 Oct. 

1852, in den ouderdom van 20 jaar, 6 maanden, 18 

Hier Rust, de Dochter Van Hiram Menmgeerts Mina 

Pariou, geboren den 9 November, en overleden den 

Hier Rust Francina JUompenaar, huis vrouw van Simon 

Osterman, geb. den 18 Sept. 1828, overt, den 22 Maart 

1851. En hare kinderen geb. den 23 Feb. 1851, overl. 

den 23 Maart 1851; Francina geb. 23 Feb. 1851, overl. 

den 22 July, 1851. 
In memory of Benjamin Ostrander, died 16th Dec. 1822, 

aged 41 years, and 5 months. 
In memory of James Ostrander, who departed Oct. 26, 

1844, aged 36 years and 8 months. 
In memory of Harriet, daughter of Captain William and 

Lucy Ostrander, who departed this life November 15, 

1830, aged 18 years and 10 days. 
In memory of Georgianna Ostrander, daughter of John 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 171 

I. Ostrander, died March 23, 1823, aged 4 years and 

10 months. 
In memory of George Robert Ostrander, son of J. I. 

and Ann Ostrander, died July 6, 1818, aged 2 years, 

7 months and 20 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Adaline M. Ostrander, who 

died February 7. 1837, aged 20 years and 7 months. 
Sacred to the memory of Maria Outhout, who departed 

this life January 9, 1835, aged 49 yeara. 
John Outwin, departed this life March 14, 1833, aged 2 

years, 2 months and 21 days. 
Alexander McDonald Outwin, departed this life 1st 

March, 1833, aged 3 years, 10 months and 23 days. 
Margaret Outwin, departed this life August 26, 1833, 

aged 5 years, 11 months and 5 days. 

Loved youth, how short on earth your stay 

Death his fell dart has hurled, 
But soon your spirits found their way 

To yon celestial world. 
While fond remembrance reads your stone 

And heaves the deep felt sigh, 
We'll learn to Jean on Christ alone 

And in his bosom die. 

In memory of Isaac Owens, who departed this life in 
the year 1814, aged 64 years. Also his beloved wife 
Levena Owens, who departed this life in the year 1825, 
aged 80 years. 

This tomb was erected by William Owen?, in memory of his beloved 

Mary Amanda, daughter of Allen F. and Hannah Peck, 

died Dec. 26, 1845, aged I year and 8 months. 
In memory of John Thompson Pittenger, son of Abraham 

and Eliza Pittenger, who died July 18, 1807, aged 1 

year and 12 days. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jeremiah and Ann Penniel, and 

wife of William C. Lockerty, died June 7, 1841, aged 

40 years and 11 days. 
In memory of John S. Phelps, a soldier of the revolution, 

born in Hebron, Connecticut, on the 10th day of 

August, 1759, and died on the 15th day of June, 1812, 

aged 52 years, 10 months and 5 days. 

172 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of Catharine Conine, wife of John S.Phelps, 

born in the town of Coxsackie, N. Y., on the llth day 

of Nov. 1763, and died on the 27th day of April, 1841, 

aged 77 years, 5 months and 16 days. 
In memory of Catharine eldest daughter of Phillip and 

Hannah Phelps, died on the 18th day of March, 1846, 

aged 26 years, 

Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 
Caroline M. Phelps, departed this life June 14, 1836, 

aged 21 years, in the hope of a glorious resurrection. 

" Them also which slept in Jesus will God bring with him." 
In memory of Jacoh, son of Charles P. and Eliza Poinier, 

who died Oct. 8, 1809, aged 2 months, and 15 days. 
In memory of Jennette Courtney, wife of Sylvanus B. 

Pond, who died Sept. 30, 1822, aged 28 years. Also 

Julia Maria, their daughter, who died Oct. 15, 1821, 

aged 9 months. 
In memory of John Price, who departed this life Dec. 6, 

1791, aged 68 years, 3 months and 11 days. 
In memory of Cornelia Price, who departed this life July 

15, 1813, aged 89 years, 8 months and 9 days. 
David Pruyn, born August 24, 1771, died Jan. 20, 1843. 
I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord. 

In memory of Helen, wife of Samuel Pruyn, who died 

Oct. 28, 1836, aged 32 years, 9 months and 23 days. 
In memory of Anna Pruyn, who departed this life Feb. 

3, 1833, aged 70 years, and 6 month. 
Anna, daughter of Samuel and Helen Pruyn, aged 16 y. 
In memory of John F. Pruyn, who departed this life the 

23d March, 1815, aged 75 years, 2 months and 21 

In memory of John S. Pruyn, who departed this life the 

8th of May, 1816, aged 47 years, 6 months and 8 days. 
In memory of Margaret Lansing, widow of John S. Pruyn, 

who departed this life 15th Oct. 1839, aged 67 years. 

5 months and 25 days. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch 'Burial Ground Inscriptions. 173 

In memory of Elizabeth daughter of Casparus F., and 

Anna Pruyn, born Dec. 16, 1818, died Feb. 6, 1842. 
In memory of Anna Pruyn, wife of Casparus F. Pruyn, 

born Jan. 27, 1794, died Feb. 12, 1841. 
In memory of Mary Pruyn, daughter of Casparus F., and 

Ann Pruyn, who died March 19, 1824, aged 1 year, 1 

month and 21 days. 
In memory of Samuel, only son of Stephen and Maria 

Putnam, who departed this life April 9, 1832, aged 4 

years and 11 months. 
Laura Putnam, daughter of Elisha and Esther Putnam, 

departed this life 18th Jan. 1801, aged 3 years and 

14 days. 
In memory of Deborah Putnam, who died April 7, 1842, 

aged 26 years, 5 months and 14 days. 
Ellenor Radcliff, who departed this life 6th of August, 

1831, aged 41 years, 4 months and 25 days. 
Here lies the body of Fanny Radcliff, who departed thia 

life Jan. 19, 1817, aged 7 years and 24 days. 
Elizabeth Rat cliff, wife of Samuel Norton, who died 

April 30, A. D., 1841, aged 77 years. 
Mathew son of Jacob and Eve Ratcliff, died Sept. 18, 

1839, aged 8 years, 2 months and 22 days. 
Christiana, wife of Wm. Rankin, died June 21, 1843, 

aged 31 years. Also their son James Rankin, died 

July 10, 1843, aged 13 months. 
Elizabeth daughter of Wm. and Christianna Rankin, 

died Jan. 1841, aged 2 months, and 29 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Jane Ann, wife of Henry Rector, 

who was born Sept. 28, 1794, and died June 3, 1827, 

aged 33 years, 8 months and 5 days. Also their two 

children, one of whom died the 5th of August, 1822, 

aged 8 days, the other on the 30th of May, 1827, aged 

1 day. 

Here lies mingled the kindred dust 
Of a fond mother and her tender babes. 
A husband^ joy, and a father's trust 
All buried in their silent graves. 
But why should mortal man complain 
If God these choicest gifts deny, 

174 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Soon he shall meet these friends again 
And ever dwell with them on high. 

Caroline Relay, who departed this life April 27, 1844, 

in the 19th year of her age. 
Edward Reynolds, who departed this life August 25, 

1841, aged 52 years. Also George, son of Edward 

and Elizabeth Reynolds, who departed this life Sept. 

23, 1829, aged 6 years and 3 days. 
In memory of Ann Richards, who died Feb. 22, 1852, in 

the 81st year of her age. 
Richard Rosencranse, died June I, 1841, aged 19 years, 

4 months and 8 days. 
Elsey, wife of Abraham Rosencranse, died June 5, 1845, 

aged 62 years, 3 months and 9 days. 
Abraham Rosencranse, died July 20, 1847, aged 66 years, 

9 months and 28 days. 
Harriet Rosecranse, died August 30, 1847, aged 38 years, 

9 months and 4 days. 
In memory of Henry Roseboom, who departed this life on 

the 21st April, 1790, in the 25th year of his age. 
He was the first interred in the burying ground. 

In memory of Mary M. Roseboom, died July 13, 1845, 
aged 4 months and 21 days. Also of Charles A. 
Roseboom, died March 12, 1847, aged 8 months, and 
9 days. The children of Garret and Cornelia Rose- 

In memory of Garrett Roseboom, who died July 7, 1787, 
aged 54 years, and 5 months. 

In memory of Margaret Robiebaux, the wife of James 
Robiebaux, who departed this life the 26th of August, 
1795, aged 37 years and 6 months. 

In memory of Lousia Robbins, who died June 28, 1844, 
aged 11 months, and 26 days. 

In memory of John Peter Russ, sou of Adam and Eliza- 
beth Russ, who died Sept. 11, 1802, aged 1 year. 

Charles Russell, of New Bedford, in the 69th year of 
his age. 

Martha, relict of the late Charles Russell, died Nov. 24, 
1849, in the 77th year of her age. 

R ef. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 175 

Here lies the body of the deceased Catharine Ryan, 
daughter of James and Esther Ryan, who departed 
this life the 21st of Oct. 1802, aged 3 years, 1 month 
and 19 days. 

There rest in peace, thou lovely maid, 

There sleep in sweet repose, 
And though thou moulder with the dust 

Thou'rt fairer than the rose. 

In memory of Peter Ryckman, who departed this life 

Jan. 15, 1811, aged 79 years, 8 months, and 6 days. 
Sacred to the memory of Miss Susannah Ryckman, who 
departed this life Sept. 3, 1821, in the 84th year of her 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Lansing, wife of Edward 
R. Satterlee, who died Oct. 24, 1816, in the 36th year 
of her age. 

In memory of Gertrude Able, wife of Ryer Schermer- 
horn, who died 10th April, 1830, aged 43 years, 6 
months and 4 days. 

In memory of Alida Van Schaick, relict of Brandt 
Schuyler Swifts, who departed this life April 1, 1825, 
aged 51 years, 5 months and 7 days. 
The grave of Cornelia K., wife of Lawrence L. Schuyler, 
who died Nov. 16, 1840, aged 33 years, 10 months, 11. 

Lord, I commit my soul to thee, 

Admit the sacred trust; 
Receive this nobler part of me 
And watch my sleeping dust , 
Till that illustrious morning come 

When all thy saints shall rise, 
And clothed in full immortal bloom 
Attend thee to the skies. 

Rustplaats van J. C. Borsboom, huis vrouw van M.. 

Schoenmaker. Geb. 17th Julij, 1817, Over. 14th Janu- 

arij, 1851. J. C. A. Schoenmaker, eenige doghter des 

overleedene geb. 6th Januarij, 1851. 
In memory of Mary Staats, wife of Harmanus P. Schuy- 

ler, who died March 24, 1794, aged 20 years. 
[Annals, vi.] 16 

176 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of Mary Dean, wife of Harmanus P. Schuy- 
ler, who died 28th Dec. 1810, aged 33 years, 2 months 
and 28 days. 

In memory of Schuyler Swits, son of Brandt S. and 
Alida Swits. He died April 15, 1799, aged 8 months. 

Ere sin could blast or sorrow fade 
Death came with friendly care, 

The opening bud to heaven conveyed 
And bade it blossom there. 

Sacred to the memory of Jane, wife of William Seymour, 
born Dec. 14, 1796, died August 13, 1837, aged 40 
years and 8 months. 

The Saviour made her dying bed 
A scene of tiiumph, joy and love, 

Hope, faith in him, sustained, and bore 
Her happy spirit to its home above. 

In memory of Eve Beeckman, consort of Abraham 

Schuyler, who departed this life on July 17, 1803, 

aged 69 years, 5 months and 3 days. 
In memory of Abraham Schoyeer, who departed this life 

on the 27th day of May, 1812, aged 75 years, 5 m. 4 d. 
In memory of Barbara, daughter of Peter G., and Maria 

Sharp, who died March 31, aged 10 years, 8 months 

and 5 days. 
The grave of Susan wife of P. V. Shankland, who died 

March 6, 1838, aged 35 years. 
Hier. Ruhe. Der: Kleine Engel. Conrath Schafer 1st 

Geboren Den 21st August, 1838, Und Gestorben Den 

23 Mai 1846. 
Sacred to the memory of Ann Shankland, widow of 

Barnardus Bloomingdall, who died August 9, 1843, 

aged 69 years, 2 months and 25 days. 
Sarah Elizabeth Sharp, daughter of Jacob and Eliza Ann 

Sharp, who died on the 31st Sept. 1827, aged 1 year 

and 2 months. 

Her days how short, how early called away, 
To pay that debt each mortal has to pay, 
But cease to mourn, ye friends from tears refrain, 
A moment's loss is her eternal gain. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 177 

James Henry Sharp, son of Jacob and Eliza Ann Sharp, 
who died on the 16th of August, 1829, aged 10 months 
and 17 days. 

His days how short, how early called away, 
To pay that debt each mortal has to pay, 
But cease to mourn, ye friends, from tears refrain, 
A moment's loss is his eternal gain. 

Christiana Shaw, wife of Napoleon B. Shaw, who departed 

this life May 7, 1844, aged 28 years. 
Adam Shields, who died April 28, 1851, in the 86th year 

of his age. 
Elizabeth, wife of Adam Shields, who died Oct. 29, 1846, 

aged 78 years. 
In memory of Mary, wife of Adam Shields, Jr., who died 

July 30, 1836, aged 40 years. 
In memory of Elinor wife of Adam Shields, Jr., who died 

Dec. 1, 1844, aged 52 years. 
Janet Shields, who departed this life Jan. 27, 1831, aged 

28 years. 

Erected to the memory of Joseph D. Sniffer, who de- 
parted this life Sept. 14, 1830, aged 34 years, 9 months 

and 11 days. 

While o'er his grave his lovely children dear, 
With heartfelt sorrow drop a silent tear, 
Here rests a man, each passing neighbor cries, 
Whom dead all mourned, when living all did prize. 
May heaven to his loved mother pity show, 
And his dear offspring while they live below, 
And may they all united meet above, 
In the blessed mansions of eternal love. 

Erected to the memory of Matilda, wife of Joseph D. 
Sniffer, who departed this life April 7, 1828, aged 27 
years, 4 months and 1 day, and of her infant son John 
James, who departed this life Dec. 9, 1827, aged 8 
months and 10 days. 

Tho : low in earth her beauteous form's decayed, 
My faithful wife, my loved Matilda's laid, 
Ye guardian angels who surround the just, 
Preserve each atom of the precious dust. 
To name her virtues ill befits my grief, 
What was my bliss can now give no relief; 

178 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

A husband mourns, the rest let friendship tell, 
Fame spread her worth, a husband knew it well. 

Consecrated to the memory of Ellen daughter of James 
and Mary Sickels, who departed this life Nov. 25, 

Peace to thy ashes, dear ore; thou hast fallen in the 
bright summer of thy days when all seemed fair be- 
fore thee. Yes thou art gone, sweet fiiend, never to 
return to charm these eyes and soothe the aching heart ; 
thy buoyant spirits fled, and that fair brow is now as 
cold and passionless as is this marble. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary, wife of James Sickels, who 
died April 19, 1840, aged 65 years, 2 months and 6 

.'Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Sickels, daughter of 
James and Mary Sickels, who died Dec. 21, 1829, aged 
26 years. 

And art thou fled, thou kind and gentle one, 
art thou called hence to mingle with the spirits 
of the dead v thou whom we so deplore. But we 
shall meet again before the throne of grace and 
meet to part no more. 

This stone was erected by her brother James Sickels, Jr. 
In memory of Christopher 0. Sickles, died on 22d of 

Oct. 1847, aged 42 years, 5 months and 3 days. 
iSacred to the memory of Nancy, wife of John Skidmore, 
who departed this life April 26, 1797, aged 35 

Say, are you sure God's mercy shall extend 
To you so long a span? Alas, you sigh. 
Make then, while yet you may, your God your friend, 
And learn with equal ease to sleep or die. 

In memory of Hester Slingerland, who died June 22, 
1817, aged 38 years, 8 months. Also Tunis and Ann 
children of Douw B. and Ann Slingerland, who de- 
parted this life: Tunis on 12th Sept. 1806, aged 6 
months; Ann on 26th of June, aged 4 years. 

In memory of three children of Robert F., and Frances 
Slack. Frances Mary, died Sept. 21, 1830, aged 2 
years, 7 months and 14 days. John June 19, 1833, 
aged 7 years, 11 months and 22 days; and Anna Bar- 

Eef. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 179 

bara, August 20, 1833, aged 3 years, 1 month and 22. 

The Lord is a better keeper. 

Ann, daughter of Aldert and Elizabeth Smedes, died 12th- 

June, 1806, aged 22 years, 2 months and 12 days. 
In memory of Mrs. Femmitie Snyder, the wife of Mr. 

Nicholas Snyder, and daughter of the Rev. Ulpianus- 

Von Sinderen, who died Oct. 14, 1789. 
In memory of Solomon Southwick, born Jan. 12, 1804, 

died July 31, 1835, aged 31 years, 6 months and 18 

In memory of Frances, aged 3 years and Mary Ann, aged 

9 months, died Jan. 1, 1833, daughters of Solomon 
. W., and Sarah B. Southwick. 

They were lovely and pleasant in their 
lives, and in their death were not divided. 

Willimarthe Southwick, died August 19, 1843, aged 66 

years. Also Hannah Southwick, died Jan. 24, 1844, 

aged 75 years. 
In memory of Laura 0., daughter of the late Alexander 

Spencer, of Dutchess county who died in Greenbush, 

Rensselaer county Dec. 2, 1835, aged 35 years. 
I. M. S. Asaph Sykes, Ob. Sept. 3, 1836, M 34 years, 

11 months. 
William Henry, infant son of A. and L. A. Sykes, who 

died April 11, 1833, aged 8 months and 3 days. 
Philo Duer, son of Asaph and Lydia A. Sykes, died Sept. 

11, 1831, aged 3 years, 11 months 27 days. 

Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings, 
thou hast perfected praise. Math, xxi, 16. 

William J. Staats, son of John and Maria Staats, who 
died 7th Oct., 1808, aged 2 years, 5 months and 22 

In memory of William Staats, who departed this life 
May 22, 1825, aged 89 years and 15 days. And of 
Anna his wife, who departed this life 3d June, 1829, 
aged 79 years, 5 months and 11 days. 

In memory of Ann Staats, widow of Henry Staats, born 

180 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

on Long Island, died in Albany, Feb. 25, 1829, aged 
82 years. 
Sacred to the memory of Isaac Staats, who departed this 

life the 4th of Oct., 1829, aged 44 years. 
In memory of John Y. Staats, who departed this life 

April 22, 1830, aged 53 years, 5 months. 
To the memory of Cuyler Staats, son of Barent G. Staats, 
and Catherine Cuyler, who died Jan. 24, 1832, aged 
25 years, 5 months and 18 days. 

To the memory of Catherine Cuyler, relict of Barent G. 
Staats, who died Sept. 16, 1852, aged 83 years. 

The decline of her life was like the 
setting sun, serene and beautiful. Her 
gentle spirit calmly fell asleep in Jesus. 

Harriet Jane Steele, died May 4, 1840, aged 16 years and 

6 months. 
In memory of Jacob F. Sternbergh, who departed this 

life Aug. 17, 1832, aged 44 years, 8 months and 27 

Samuel Stilwell, son of John and Judith Stilwell, died 

17th Jan. 1816, aged 10 days. Also, Samuel Stilwell, 

2d, died 27th June, 1821, aged 1 year, 4 months and 

20 days. 
Died Nov. 28, 1850, Catharine Harbeck Strain, aged 11 

months and 6 days. 
Died Nov. 23, 1846, John Strain, aged 5 years, 9 months 

and 12 days, son of John F. and D. Henrietta Strain. 
Died Sept. 15, 1847, Samuel Harbeck Strain, aged 1 

year, I month and 1 day. 
Henrietta H., infant daughter of John F. and Henrietta 

Strain, died Oct. 3, 1840, aged 1 year and 5 months. 
Died July 14, 1843, William James, son of John F. and 

D. Henrietta Strain, aged 10 months and 18 days. 
Margaret Taylor, the wife of John Taylor. She was born 

on the 1st Dec., 1742, old style, and departed this life 

on the 16th July, 1796, aged 53 years, 7 months, 4 d. 
John Taylor, who was born 4th July, 0. S., and departed 

this life 19th March, 1829, aged 86 years, 7 months 

and 23 davs. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 181 

Sacred to the memory of Catharine Teller, who was born 

June 20, 1762, died .July 21, 1824, aged 62 years and 

1 month. 

Hier rust William Terhaap. 
Elfie Ten Eyck, wife of Barent Ten Eyck, who departed 

this life Nov. 27, 1791, aged 63 years, 2 months, 1 day. 
Barent Ten Eyck, who died the 27th day of Feb., 1795, 

aged 80 years and 5 months. 
Geertie Ten Eyck, wife of John F. Pruyn, who departed 

this life May 16, 1807, aged 70 years, 3 months and 

27 days. 
Jacob Ten Eyck, who departed this life Sept. 9, 1793, 

aged 28 years, 4 months and 7 days. 
Catharine Ten Eyck, who departed this life Nov. 15, 

1790, aged 81 years. 
Sarah Ten Eyck, wife of John H. Ten Eyck, obt. 16th 

Feb., 1801, aged 70 years. 
John H. Ten Eyck, who died the 31st day of July, 1794, 

aged 83 years, 11 months and 10 days. 
Erected to the memory of Abraham Ten Eyck, who died 

Nov. 7, 1824, aged 80 years. 
Anna, wife of Abraham Ten Eyck, who died 26th Jan,, 

1823, aged 76 years and 6 months. 
Neiltie Ten Eyck, wife of Samuel Pruyn, who departed 

this life April 14, 1817, aged 88 years, 2 months and 

22 days. 
In memory of Catharine Ten Broeck, wife of John Bo- 

gart, who departed this life the 1st of Feb. 1792, aged 

32 years, 6 months and 29 days. 
John D. Thorburn, died July 3, 1840, aged 11 years. 

Also, Anna S. Thorburn, aged 16 months. 

From adverse blast and lowering storms, 

Their favor'd souls he bore, 
And with yon bright angelic forms, 

They live to die no more. 

George W. Thacher, born at New Haven, Ct., March 31, 
1747, aged 69 years, 10 months and 16 days. 

Stephen Tillson, who died April 15, 1831, in the 24th 
year of his age. 

182 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Sacred to the memory of Isaac Truax, who departed this 
life the 12th Oct., 1812, aged 53 years, 5 months and 
9 days. 

My flesh shall slumber in the ground, 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 
Then burst the chains with sweet surprise, 
And in my Saviour's image rise. 

Sacred to the memory of Jane Bleecker, daughter of 
John I. Bleecker, and consort of Isaac Truax, who 
departed this life March 26th, 1811, aged 47 years, 5 
months and 11 days. 

~No! I'll repine at death no more, 
But with a cheerful voice resign 
To the cold dungeon of the grave, 

These dying, withering limbs of minp. 

John Bleecker Truax, who died May 9, 1817, aged 18 
years, 4 months and 25 days. 

Henry Truax, who died Dec. 15, 1834, in the 74th year 
of his age. 

Anna Truax, widow of Henry Truax, who died Nov. 23, 
1845, in the 77th year of her age. Also of their child- 
ren: Catharine W. Truax, who died Aug. 15, 1791, 
aged 21 days: Catharine W. Truax, who died May 
19, 1794, aged 1 year, 9 months and 24 days: Cath- 
arine W. Truax, who died July 12, 1826, in the 27th 
year of her age. 

In memory of Edward I. Toby, stepson of John Miles, 
chaplain of the Albany Bethel. He died in the Lord, 
at sea near the Sandwich Islands, Feb. 25, 1848, aged 
24 years. His remains were brought home by Capt. 
Nickerson, of Nantucket. 

The vessel's wreck'd, the voyage is o'er, 

But the immortal cargo's saved; 
It's gone aloft, where spirits oft 

Have gone who all earth's storms have braved. 
The shatter'd hulk is resting here, 

Neath Christ the captain's eye; 
'Twill rise again, its freight obtain, 

And anchor in the sky. 

William Updike, born May 22, 1815, died August 10, 


Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 183 

John I. Van Allen, who departed this life June 25, 1801 
aged 28 years and 8 days. 

Death is the road that all must tread; 
Man's made of dust and earth his bed. 

Also of Margaret daughter of John I. and Mary Van 
Allen, who died July 25, 1801, aged 9 months and 27 

Sleep on, sweet babe, and take thy rest, 
Thou art early called, God's time is best. 

George, son of the above died Feb. 3, 1802, aged 3 years 

and 7 months. 
1797, Dec. 30, John Van Allen died, aged 63 years 

and 3 months. 
1799, Oct. 1, BarentVan Allen died, 61 years and 3 

Mary Van Allen, obit 30th Oct. 1805, aged 56 years and 

4 months. 
Maria Dunbar, wife of Simon Van Antwerp, who died 

April 11, 1826, aged 67 years. 
Elizabeth Fryer, wife of Peter Van Bergen, who died 

Dec. 11, 1848, aged 82 years and 11 months. 
Calm on the bosom of, thy God, 
Blest spirit, rest thee, now. 

Henry Van Woert, son of H. B. V. Benthuisen, who 

died May 29, 1813, aged 6 years and 8 months. 
Ann Eliza, daughter of H. B. V. Benthuisen, who died 

May 26, 1813, aged 8 years, 7 months and 15 days. 
Mrs. K. V. D. Bergh, who departed this life the 27th 

Feb. 1796, in the 76th year of her age. 
Sacred to the memory of Emma G. Van Buren, daughter 
of Peter and Mary Van Buren, who died suddenly 
April 21, 1844, aged 13 years, 8 months and 21 days. 
Catharine M., wife of S. G. Van Buren, died April 26, 
1848 in the 30th year of her age. Also their infant 
daughter Anna Jane Sophia. 

As the flower withers from its stem, so our 
strength decays, chilled by the hand of death 
we fall. But, living still, we shall rise again 
as the Sun of Righteousness returns to breathe 
upon our soul the quickening spirit of everlast- 
ing life. 

184 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of John Van Bergen. 

In memory of Benjamin Van Benthuysen, who died 

March 3, 1843, in the 70th year/ of his age. 
Susan Evertsen, wife of Benjamin Van Benthuysen, who 

died June 22, 1837, aged 51 years, 9 months and 8 days. 
Henry Van Benthuysen, who died June 8, 1834, aged 72. 
Cathalina Hunn, wife of Henry Van Benthuysen, who 

died August 13, 1841, aged 79. 
In memory of Abraham, son of Winant and Mary Van 

Denburgh, who died Feb. 28, 1811, aged 20 years, 9 

months and 22 days. 

Affliction sore long time he bore, 

Physicians all in vain, 
Till God did please, and death did seize, 

To ease him of his pain. 

Mary Hickson, late widow of Winant Van Denburgh, 
who died June 22, 1846, in the 80th year of her age. 

Alas, our mother now is gone, 
Her Saviour has bid her to come home, 
She left the world without a tear, 
Save for the friends she held so dear. 

Eliza Ann Stivers, wife of Richard Vandenburg, died 
Jan. 3, 1842, in the 46th year-of her age. 

A loving wife, a tender mother. 
A Christian true this stone discover, 
Faithful and patient, ohaste in love, 
Dead to this world but lives above. 

William H.. son of Wm. I., and Catharine Vandenburgh, 
died Feb. 17, 1829, in the 2nd year of his age. 

Suffer little children to come unto me and forbid 
them not, for of such is the kingdom of God. 

Catharine, wife of Wm. Van Denbergh, who departed 
this life August 25, 1848, aged 53 years. 

Eliza Matilda Vanderpool, daughter of John and Rachel 
Vanderpool, who died March 13, 1816, aged 3 years, 
6 months and 9 days. 

Sacred to the memory of Charles Vandervoort, consort 
of Eliza Stanly, who departed this life Feb. 12, 1818, 
in the 24th year of his age. He was a dutiful son, an 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 185 

affectionate husband, a tender father, a kind brother, 
and sincere friend ; in life beloved and in death lamented. 
In memory of Hannah Van Derzee, wife of Jeremiah 
Waterman, who departed this life 12th Jan. 1818, 
aged 24 years, 8 months and 5 days. 
It, is the Lord enthroned in light 

Whose claims are ail divine; 
Who has an undisputed right 
To govern me and mine. 

Getty Van Dusen, died Nov. 29, 1837, aged 57 years, 3 

months and 21 days. 

Elizabeth Van Dusen, died in her 46th year. 
James Van Kleeck, who departed this life Nov. 26, 1822, 

aged 35 years. 

In memory of two male children of Lawrence L., and 
Alida Van Kleeck. 

Ere sin could blast or sorrow fade 
Death came with friendly care; 
The opening buds to heaven conveyed 
And bid them blossom there. 

J. B. Van Schaack, died Jan. 3, 1839, aged 35 years. 
This monument is in memory of one who was 
the delight of his family and friends. And 
during a career brief but brilliant, established 
an enviable reputation as a poet, a scholar and 
an orator. 

In memory of Nicholas Van Schaack, who died Sept. 22, 
1831, in the 30th year of his age. 

How blest is our brother, bereft 
Of all that could burden his mind; 

How easy the soul that has left 
This wearisome body behind. 

Ann Linacre, wife of Nicholas Van Schaack, who de- 
parted this life August 21, 1828, aged 19 years, 11 
months and 1 day. 

A loving wife, a tender mother, 
A Christian true this stone discover, 

Faithful and patient, chaste in love, 
Dead to this world but lives above. 

Sacred to the memory of Cornelius Van Schelluyne who 

186 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

departed this life April 13, 1813, in the 74th year of 

his age. 
In memory of Elizabeth Roseboom, wife* of Cornelius 

Van Schelluyne, who departed this life the 18th day 

of March, 1800, aged 57 years, 9 months and 18 days. 
Beneath this tomb is deposited the remains of Gose Van 

Schaick, he died the 4th day of July, 1789, aged 53 y. 
Removed from the family burying ground in Court street, on the 

first Dec. 1808. 

Nicholas Van Schaack, son of Cornelius Van Schaack, 
who departed this life Oct. 2, 1799, aged 13 years, 4 
months and 27 days. 

Affliction sore long time he bore, 

Physicians' art was vain, 
Till God did pJease to give him ease, 

And to relieve his pain. 

In memory of John Van Schaick, who departed this life 

the 1st March, 1820, aged 46 years and 2 months. 
In memory of Maria Van Schaick, relict of Wessel Van 
Schaick, who died Jan. 31, 1797, aged 79 years and 
7 months. 

The tomb of Mary Van Schaick, widow of General G. 
, Van Schaick, born in New Brunswick, August 11, 
1750, died in Albany, Jan. 15, 1829, aged 78 years, 
5 months and 4 days. 

The grave of Abraham Van Schaick, son of the late 
General Gosen Van Schaick, born July 28, 1787, aged 
40 years and 11 days. 

In memory of Maria Van Schaick, eldest daughter of 
Wessel and Maria Van Schaick, deceased, who died 
10th day of August, 1813, aged 67 years and 22 days. 
Come ye angelic envoys come, 
Arid lead the willing pilgrim home, 
Ye know the way to Jesus throne, 
Source of her joys and of your own. 

In memory of Maria Van Schaick, who departed this 
life Feb. 17, 1825, aged 54 years, 9 months, 15 days. 

Ah, whither hath her spirit fled! 

And do we ponder where 2 
To the arms of Jesus hath it fled, 

The God she loved so dear. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 187 

In memory of Egbert Van Schaick, who died May 31, 

1816, aged 52 years, 1 month and 25 days. 
Anna Van Schaick, daughter of John and Elizabeth Van 
Schaick, who died March 28, 1828, aged 1 year, 6 mos. 
and 14 days. 

Thy gentle spirit now is fled, 
Thy body in its earthly bed, 

Is laid in peaceful sleep. 
A spirit good and pure as thine. 
Blest in immortal scenes can shine, 
Though friends are left to weep. 

In memory of Rebecca Van Ness, wife of Cornelius Van 

Schoonhoven, who died 28th day of Feb. 1809, aged 29 

years and 20 days. 
In memory of Cornelius Van Schoonhoven, died July 4, 

1828, aged 60 years, 11 months and 8 days. 
Hier Rust Elisabet E., dogter van I. Van Swoll, geboren 

den 11 February, 1852, gestorven den 14 Maart, 1853. 
In memory of Tennis I. Van Vechten, died Dec. 7, 1817, 

aged 68 years, 7 months and 2 days. 
In memory of Elizabeth Van Vechten, relict of Tunis 

Van Vechten, died Dec. 1, 1831, aged 77 years, 11 

months and 14 days. 
In memory of Samuel Van Vechten, died 30th March, 

1814, aged 23 years, 3 months and 25 days. 
How solid all, where change shall be no more. 

In memory of Abraham 0. Van Vechten, son of Walter 
and Catharine Van Veghten who died 13th Jan. 181.6* 
aged 15 years, 8 months and 8 days. 

In memory of Anna Van Vechten, died May 31, 1817 
aged 34 years, 6 months and 24 days. 

Believe, and look with triumph on the tomb. 

Orville Augustus, son of J. T. B., and Caroline C. Van; 

Vechten, obit 31st May, 1826, aged 1 mo. and 29 days. 
To the memory of Abraham Van Vechten, obit Jan. 6, 

1837, aged 74 years, 1 month and 1 day. 
In memory of Catharine Van Vechten, wife of Abraham 

Van Vechten, obit 10th Sept. 1820, aged 54 years, 5 

months and 18 days. 

[Annals, 16.] 17 

188 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Judith Van Vechten, obit 27th June, 1825, aged 22 

years, 1 month and 5 days. 
Cornelius, son of Walter and Anna Van Veghten, died 

July 14, 1814, aged 11 days. 
Orville Augustus, son of J. T. B. and Caroline C. Van 

Vechten, obit 31st July, 1831, aged 11 months and 

24 days. 
In remembrance of Samuel A. Van Vechten, obit 14th 

Dec. 1824, M. t 30 years, 16 days. 
To the memory of Jacob T. B. Van Vechten, obit Jan. 

20, 1841, aged 29 years, 8 months and 10 days. 
In memory of Philip Van Vechten, son of Abraham Van 

Vechten and Catharine Schuyler, died Feb. 14, 1814, 

aged 27 years and 7 months. 
Anthony Van Santvoord, died Feb. 17, 1852, aged 90 

years, 5 months and 3 days. 

My dearest friends I leave in tears 
For we shall meet on earth no more, 

I trust through grace we'll sweetly meet 
On Canaan's calm and pleasant shore. 

Mary Roff, his wife, died Nov. 16, 1800, aged 33 years, 

1 1 months and 19 days. 
John, their son, died March 1, 1811, aged 22 years, 4 

months and 16 days. 
In memory of Rachel Groesbeck, wife of Anthony Van 

Santvoord, who departed this life in the middle Dutch 

Church, the 8th day of March, 1835, aged 60 years, 2 

months and 3 days. 

While seated in the house of God, 

To worship him she loved, 
He called her from his house below, 

To worship him above. 

In memory of Jane Van Wie, widow of William Van 
Wie, who died July 19, 1821, in the 76th year of her 

happy dead in thee that sleep, 
Which o'er their mould'ring dust to weep, 
faithful Saviour who shall come, 
That dust to ransom from the tomb. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 189 

Magdalene Bogart, wife of Benjamin Van Wie, died 

April 9, 1844, aged 67 years. 

Benjamin Van Wie, died June 9, 1837, aged 62 years. 
In memory of Philip Van Wie, who departed this life 

29th of July, in the 76th year of his age. 

Weep not for me, ray dearest friends, 

Or shrink at death's alarms; 
'Tis but the voice that Jesus sends 

To call us to his arms. 

In memory of Henry Van Woert, an old revolutionary 

officer, who died on the 5th Feb. 1813, aged 65 years 

and 10 months. 
Catharine Van Woert, widow of Henry Van Woert, who 

died Oct. 3, 1825, aged 75 years. 
Sarah Hilton, who died on the 13th Dec. 1830, aged 83 

years, 5 months and 20 days. Wife of Rykart Van 

Henry Van Woert, who departed this life the 21st day 

of June, 1814, aged 30 years. 
Jacobus Van Zandt, who died 8th Nov. 1795, aged 62 

years, 11 months and 19 days. 
Mary Van Zandt, relict of Jacobus Van Zandt, died the 

29th May, 1814, aged 75 years. 
Joseph H. Van Zandt, died March 9, 1836, aged 64 


Sacred to the memory of Gitty Veeder. 
Hannah Weeks, wife of Alexander Vedder, who died 

Jan. 24, 1813, aged 35 years, 1 month and 24 days. 

God gently moved her to that peaceful shore, 
Where pleasure reigns and anguish is no more, 
If worth departed e'er deserved a tear, 
Sacred to merit, pay the tribute here. 

In memory of Elizabeth Schuyler, the wife of James Van 

Ingen. She died on the 28th day of Feb. 1801, aged 29 

In memory of Catharine Bleecker, the wife of James 

Van Ingen. She died on the 4th day of April, 1798, 

aged 29 years. 
Peter S. Van Ingen, obit 3d August, 1809, aged 1 year 

6 months. 

190 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Margaret Van Ingen, daughter of James and Gertrude 
Van Ingen, who died Sept. 26, 1810, aged 1 year, 1 
month and 6 days. 

In memory of Hannah, wife of Jacob I. Vosburgh, who 
departed this life May 10, 1848, aged 82 years, 5 mos. 
and 14 days. 

We all do fade as a leaf. 

In memory of Casparus Van Wie, who died March 17, 
1818, aged 75 years, 4 months and 6 days. 

In memory of Jane, wife of Casparus Van Wie, who de- 
parted this life August 16, 1815, aged 75 years, 8 mos. 
and 28 days. 

{Rachel Van Wie, died July 25, 1842, aged 65 years, 9 
months and 2 days. 

In memory of Margaret Van Wie, wife of Garret W. 
Van Wie, who departed this life May 22, 1808, aged 
28 years, 1 month and 16 days. 

In memory of Andrew Van Woert, eldest son of Henry 
and Catharine Van Woert, who died the 27th Sept. 
1798, aged 25 years and 2 months. 

He came forth as a flower and was cut down. 

Peter Van Vechten, son of Tunis Ts. Van Vechten, and 
Elizabeth his wife, who departed this life 3d June, 
1795, aged 14 years, 10 months and 24 days. 

Judeth Van Vechten, eldest daughter of Abraham Van 
Vechten and Catharine Schuyler, obit July 27, 1799, 
aged 14 years, 4 months and 18 days. 

Come, ye angelic envoys, come, 
And lead the willing pilgrim home, 
Ye know the way to Jesus' throne, 
Source of her joys and of your own. 

Judeth Van Vechten, the second daughter of Abraham 

Van Vechten and Catharine Schuyler, obit 6th June, 

1800, aged 12 years. 
Mopia Harriet Van Vechten, daughter of Abraham and 

Catharine Van Vechten, obit March 16, 1806, aged 

6 months and 16 days. 
Gertrude Van Vechten, daughter of Abraham and Catha- 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 191 

rine Van Vechten, wha died Feb. 25, 1794, aged 11 

months and 11 days. 
Harmanus Van Vechten, son of Abraham and Catharine 

Schuyler Van Vechten, obit 29th March, 1802, aged 5 

years and 3 months. 
Gerrit Van Sant, who departed this life on the 15th day 

of July, 1806, aged 75 years, 6 months and 14 days* 

And Hester Winne, relict of Gerrit Van Sant, who. 

departed this life on the 24th day of August, 1813,. 

aged 81 years, 8 months^ and 10 days. 

Removed from Arbor Hill burying ground, June 10, 1845. 

Hester Van Zandt, wife of George Stanford, who died 
Aug. 8, 1726, aged 49 years, 8 months and 3 days, also 
of their infant son, Joseph R. Van Zandt Hardford, 
who died Jan. 23, 1826, aged 4 years and 3 months. 

In memory of Rykart Van Zandt, who departed this life 
June 6, 1814, aged 78 years, 6 months and 16 days. 

Tunis A. Van Vechten, son of Abraham Van Vechten 
and Catharine Schuyler, died April 3, 1811, aged 23 
years, 3 months and 17 days. 

Maria Veeder, daughter of Volkert S. and Ann Veeder, 
who departed this life 13th June, 1803. 

Anne Veeder, daughter of Volkert S. and Ann Veeder, 
who departed this life August 24, 1797, aged 2 years 
and 12 days, 

Anne, daughter of Volkert S. and Ann Veeder, who de- 
parted this life July 9, 1795, aged 17 months. 

Peter Visscher, son of Henry and Rebeccah Visscher, 
who departed this life August 19, 1807, aged lOyears, 
1 month and 20 days. 

Jesus thf Lord, our souls adore, 
A painful sufferer's now no more, 
His race for ever is complete, 
Forever understand his seat. 

Garret' G. Visscher, son of Garret T. Visscher, who de- 
parted this life the 13th of Dec. 1799, aged 27 years, 
3 months and 12 days. 

It 'tis well. 

Rebecca Brooks, late consort of Garret G. Visscher, who 

192 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

departed this life Dec. 4, 1804, aged 30 years, 1 month 
and 19 days, 

In memory of Alida Visscher, daughter of John V. S., 
and Elenor Visscher, who departed this life on the 
26th day of Oct. 1852, in the 31st year of her age. 

Mourn not for me, dear friemls. 

Nor shake at death's alarms, 
'Tis but a voice that Jesus sends 

To call us to his arms. 

Rachel Van Denburgh, wife of Garret T. Visscher, who 
departed this life the 5th Oct. 1799, aged 49 years, 
12th inst. 

Bastiaen T. Visscher, obit 9th May, 1809, aged 81 years. 
1 month and 9 days. 


Argeltie, his wife, obit Nov. 1789, in the 60th year of 

her age. 

Here lieth Matthew Visscher, son of Garret Marselus 
and Machtel Visscher his wife, obit 27th August, 1806, 
aged 7 years, 11 months and 27 days. 
In memory of Garret T. Visscher, who departed this 
life Jan. 5, 1805, aged 66 years, 10 months and 29 

To the memory of Rebeccah, wife of the late Henry 
Visscher, who departed this life Dec. 31, 1832, in the 
57th year of her age. 

In memory of Sarah Visscher, widow of Barent Visscher, 
who died August 22, 1822, aged 80 years, 11 months 
and 10 days. 

Sacred to the memory of John B. Visscher, who died 
April 13, 1825, aged 55 years, 7 months and 9 days. 
Accept, dear shade, the tribute of a tear, 
'Tis all poor mortals have to offer here, 
It was thy worth, which caused these tears to flow, 
It was thy goodness made affliction grow, 
In all our sorrows let our hopes be this. 
That thou hast changed a mortal for eternal bliss. 

John Van Schaick, son of John V. S., and Elanor 
Visscher, who died Nov. 18, 1835, aged 1 year, 6 mos, 
and 26 days. 

Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 193 

Adlen, son of H. and T. Visser, who died Sept. 1, 1854, 
aged 8 months. 

Slaap Zacht. 

Sacred to the memory of Teaunis G. Visscher, who de- 
parted this life June 19, 1829, aged 64 years and 25 
days. Also two infants: Alieda, aged 1 year, 2 months 
and 26 days; Christopher Lansing, aged 1 year, 1 mo. 
and 2 days. 

In memory of Alida Visscher, wife of Teunis G. Viss- 
cher, who died Dec. 4, 1848, aged 80 years, 3 months 
and 20 days. Also two sons: James, died June 23, 
1830, aged 27 years, 6 months and 1 day; Lansing, 
died Sept. 21, 1840, aged 43 years, 6 months and 4 

Mary Kane, wife of W. Voorhees, died August 11, 1840, 
in her 69th year. 

William, son of John and Catharine S. Vosburgh, died 
Oct. 25, 1840, aged 10 months and 20 days. 

Neeltje Maaitje Waling, overleden den 28 Nov. 1848, 
inden ouderdom van 5 jaar 25 dagen. 

Burr Wakeman, formerly of Weston, state of Ct., who 
died August 20, 1832. 

Samuel Waterman, who departed this life Feb. 7, 1826, 
in the 32d year of his age. 

John B. Washburn, who departed this life April 27, 
1825, aged 39 years. 

Jane Wendell, daughter of John and Cathalina Wendell, 
who departed this life Nov. 24, 1793, aged 1 year, 
9 months and 21 days. 

H. C. Wendell, who died July 6, 1837, aged 56 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Sarah Wendell, widow of 
Philip Wendell, who departed this life on the 20th day 
of April. 1830, aged 58 years, 2 months and 14 days. 

In memory of John H. Wendell, who departed this life 
July 10, 1832, aged 80 years. 

How happy are the souls above 

From, sin and sorrow free; 
With Jesus they are now at rest 

And all his glory see. 

194 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

In memory of Cathalina Van Benthuysen, consort of 
General John H. Wendell, who departed this life on 
the first day of Jan. 1817, aged 55 years, 11 months 
and 10 days. 

While on the verge of life I stand, 
And view the scene on either hand, 
My spirit struggles with my clay. 
And longs to wir;g its flight away. 

Where Jesus dwells my soul would be. 
And fains my much loved Lord to see, 
Earth twine no more about my heart, 
For 'tis far better to depart. 

Come, ye angelic envoys, come, 
And lead the willing pilgrim ho.ue. 
Ye know the way to Jesus' throne, 
Source of my joys and of your own. 

Sacred to the memory of Harm an Wendell, son of John 
H. and Cathalina Wendell, who departed this life on 
the llth day of July, 1810, aged 20 years, 5 months 
and 1 1 days. 

To this sad shrine, whoe'er thou art. draw near, 

And shed a-silent, sympathetic tear; 

Here sleeps the ashes of a duteous son 

Whose gen'rous soul made virtue's wrongs his own; 

Pious, serene, beneficent and kind, 

He lived respected, and he died resigned, 

His weeping relatives their loss deplore, 

Alas! their joy, their solace is no more. 

No more! O yes, he lives, and seems to say, 

Come. kindreJ Jriends, come hither, haste away; 

Parents, dry up your tears, your ^rief restrain; 

Sisters and brothers, weep, but not complain. 

Go, reader, go; be merciful and kind; 

Love God and man, and happiness you'll find. 

Harmanus A. Wendell, who died on the 15th day of 
July, A, D., 1819, aged 75 years, 2 months and 9 days. 

Jane Maria Wendell, daughter of John and Catharine 
Wendell, who departed this life the 23d day of August, 
1798-, aged 1 year, 9 months and 23 days. 

Here are deposited the remains of Maria Wendell, daugh- 
ter of Harmanus I. and Barbara Wendell. She died the 
26th day of Dec. 1826, in the 55th year of her age. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 195 

Catharine Wendell, daughter of Jacob H. Wendell and 
Gertrude Lansing, who died Dec. 11, 1813, aged 24 
years and 10 months. 

Here rests a female, good without pretence, 
Blest with plaia reason and with sober sense; 
Passion and pride were to her soul unknown, 
Convinced that virtue only is our own, 

David P. Winne, born Feb. 12, 1779, died June 6, 1843. 
Rachel Winne, born August 9th 1782, died April 13th, 

Mary Winne, daughter of David P. and Rachel Winne; 

she departed this life March 7, 1817, aged 3 years, 2 

months arid 21 days. 
Cornelius, son of David P. and Rachel Winne, died Sept. 

22, 1819. 

Here are deposited the remains of Barbara Wendell, re- 
lict of Harmanus I. Wendell, she died on the 30th 

day of April [Obliterated.] 
Elizabeth Wendell, wife of Barnard Staats,who departed 

this life [Obliterated.] 
Sacred to the memory of Philip Van Vechten Wendell, 

son of Harmanus A., and Catharine Wendell, who 

died Oct. 21, A. D., 1816, aged 26 years, 4 months and 

23 days. 
Here are deposited the remains of Ann Wendell, daughter 

of Harmanus Wendell. She died the 8th day of Jan. 

1829, in the 62d year of her age. 

Rebecca V. Z., daughter of John D. W. and Julia Wem- 

ple, died June 27, 1838, aged 17 months and 19 days. 
Gertrude Wendell, relict of Jacob H. Wendell, who died 

on the 18th May, 1827, aged 68 years, 8 months and 

18 days. 
Jacob H. Wendell, who died on the 23d March, 1826, 

aged 71 years, 5 months and 2 days. 
Caroline Fidelia Welsh, daughter of Samuel Welsh and 

grand daughter of George W. Welsh, who died Dec. 9, 

1830, aged 2 years, 8 months and 14 days. 

William Henry, son of Peter I. and Maria Wemple, who 
died Feb. 20, 1833, aged 4 months and 18 days. 

196 Ref. Prof. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jeremiah Whalen, born March 18, 

1785, died April 27, 1848. 
Charlotte Agusta Whitney, born Dec. 27, 1831, died Jan. 

27, 1832, aged 13 months. 
Stephen Whitney, born August 18, 1833, died Sept. 18, 

1834, aged 16 months. 
Henry Z. Whitney, born August 4, 1825. died Oct. 8, 

Armenia Whitney, wife of William Whitney, born 

March 14, 1802, died August 16, 1852. 

Calm and sweet be her rest, 

Till he bids her arise, 
To welcome her loved ones. 

In yonder bright skies. 

William Whitney, born Dec. 14, 1820, died March 6, 


E Pluribus (76) Unum. 
Walter Whitney, died July 18, 1846, in the 87th year 

of his age. Anah, wife of Walter Whitney, died Jan. 

30, 1845, in the 86th year of her age. 
Edward Willett, who departed this life April 23, 1810, 

aged 59 years and 5 months. 
John Fryer Willett, who departed this life Sept. 21, 

1806, aged 21 years, 9 months and 28 days. 
Edward Willett, born Oct. 12, 1786, died May 14, 1815, 

Margaret Cooper, wife of Edward Willett, born 24th 

Dec. 1788, died July 29, 1846. 
Ann Eliza, daughter of Edward and Margaret Willett, 

born March 31, 1808, died Feb. 26, 1847. 
Sarah, widow of Edward S. Willet, who departed this 

life Dec. 30, 1831, aged 70 years, 10 months and 8 

Cathaline, wife of Elbert Willett, died May 15, 1823, 

aged 88 years and 1 1 months. 

At length, the Christian's race is run, 
A glorious prize he now has won, 
With the angelic hosts now fixed, 
In joy continued and unmixed. 

Edward S. Willett, jr., born Oct. 23, 1838, died June 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 197 

26, 1842; John C. Willett, born March 22, 1842, 
died June 8, 1841: Sarah Willett, born April 1, 1845, 
died April 17, 1845, children of Edward andElizabeth 

Daniel Winne, who departed this life the 4th Jan. 1819, 
aged 49 years and 22 days. 

Be ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think 
not the son of man cometh. 

Maria, wife of Levinus Winne, who departed this life 

March 29, 1824, in the 77th year of her age. 
David D. Winne, son of Daniel D. and Mary Ann Winne, 

died April 31, 1832, aged 2 years, 1 month and 19 

days. Also, Rachel Ann Winne, daughter of Daniel 

D. and Mary Ann Winne, died Dec. 9, 1839, aged 1 

year, 2 months and 9 days. 
Levinus Winne, who departed this life Dec. 6, 1825, in 

the 81st year of his age. 
Ann Eliza, wife of Wm. B. Winne, who died Oct. 28, 

1849, in the 37th year of her age. 
Charles Agustus, died April 29, 1846, in his 5th year. 

Also Ann Eliza, died Feb. 12, 1850, in her 4th year. 

Children of Ann Eliza and Wm. B. Wiune. 
Sarah, wife of John W. Winne, and daughter of William 

and Rebecca Diamond, who departed this life Nov. 

15, 1830, aged 23 years, 11 months and 9 days. 

Tho' low in earth her beauteous form decayed, 
My faithful wife, my loved Sarah is laid, 
To name her. virtue ill befits by grief, 
What was my bliss can now give no relief, 
A husband mourns, the rest let friendship tell, 
Fame spreads her worth a husband knew it well. 

Myndert Winne, who departed this life April 18, 1831, 

aged 24 years, 11 months and 18 days. 
In memory of Cornelius S. Winne, who departed this 

life Dec. 27, 1825, aged 33 years, 10 months and 5 


Mrs. Huldah Wilson, died Sept. 3, 1841, aged 36 years. 
Anna E. B. Wickoff, born August 27, 1822, died May 12, 


Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. 

198 Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 

Huldah Witt, daughter of Andrew and Mary Witt, of 
Chester, Mass., who died Sept. 22, 1813, aged 19 years, 
3 months and 24 days. 

Daniel Wood, died March 13, 1836, aged 73 years. 
In life he kept the faith, and died in hope. 

Hannah Woodbury, who died April 6, 1845, aged 73 

Her end was peace. 

Eunice Woodbury, who died February 9, 1848, aged 42 


Capt. Samuel T. Woodhall, jr., of Wading river, Long 
Island, died August 14, 1834, aged 23 years, 3 months 
and 3 days. 

Here lies the body of Jacobus -Wynkoop, who departed 
this life the 4th of May, 1795, aged 74 years. 
You that pass by, behold the scene and weep, 
Beneath a father and mother sleep. 
True, as the scripture says, man's life's a span-, 
The present moment is the life of man. 

Alida, wife of Mr. Jacob Wynkoop, who departed this 
life Oct. 16, 1794, aged 58 years and 5 days. 

James I. Wynkoop, departed this life April 25, 1843, in 
the 52d year of his age. 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 

Cathalina Wynkoop, who died June 15, 1838, aged 68 

Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. 
This was erected by her son Robert. 

Daniel Yates, who departed this life June 29, 1802, aged 

27 years, 9 months and 20 days. 
Judeth Yates, who departed this life Feb. 5, 1805, aged 

-77 years, 11 months and 28 days. 
Anne Yates, wife of Abraham I. Yates, who departed this 

life Nov. 22, 1804, aged 70 years, 9 months and 25 

Sarah Yates, daughter of Christopher A. Yates, who 

died 6th day of Feb, 1794, aged 22 years, 1 month and 

21 days. 

Ref. Prot. Dutch Burial Ground Inscriptions. 199 

Catharine Yates, who died the 16th day of March, 1791, 

aged 52 years, 3 months and 24 days. 
Christopher A. Yates, who died the 8th day of Nor. 

1809, in the 71st year of his age. 
Sacred to the memory of Rachel Van Zandt, widow of 

Henry Yates, who departed this life April 5, 1846, aged 

80 years, 7 months and 27 days. 
Sarah A. M. J. Yates, who departed this life Feb. 10, 

in the year of our Lord 1805, aged 71 years, 1 month 

and 24 days. 
Hosanna to that sovereign power that new creates our dust. 

The body of Mrs. Mary Yates, wife of Peter W. Yates, 
Esq., lies here entombed. She died on 23d day of 
Nov., An. Dorn. 1794, aged 45 years. 

Eve Young, widow of Peter Young, who departed this 
life March 31, A,D., 1826, in the 74th year of her age. 

Sarah and Catharine Young, daughters of George and 
Eliza Young: Sarah died 16th June, 1825, aged 2 
months and 25 days; Catharine died Oct. 19, 1828, 
aged 5 years, 6 months and 24 days. 

Thomas Young and George Young, jr., sons of George* 
and Eliza Young. Thomas departed this life 19th 
Jan., 1829, aged 2 years, 3 months and 4 days; George- 
departed this life 4th April, 1829, aged 8 mos. and 4 

Sacfed to the memory of Peter Young, who departed 
this life 26th Sept. 1813, aged 63 years, 11 months and 
7 days. 

Margaret Bassett, wife of John Young, deceased, who 
departed this life Sept. 4, 1800, aged 66 years. 

[The person employed to copy the foregoing inscriptions was 
directed to follow strictly the orthography of the stonecutters, but it 
is feared that errors have been committed in some cases, though it is. 
hoped none will be found of a very serious nature.] 

[Annals, m.} 18 


[From N. Y. Col: MSS. XXXV.] 

CATELYN TRICO aged about 83 years born in Paris 
doth Testify and Declare that in y e year 1623 she came 
into this Country wth a Ship called y e Unity whereof was 
Commander Arien Jorise belonging to y e West India 
Company being y e first Ship y l came here for y e s d Com- 
pany ; as soon as they came to Mannatans now called N : 
York they sent Two families & six men to harford River 
& Two families & 8 men to Delaware River and 8 men 
they left att N : Yorke to take Possession and y e Rest of 
y e Passengers went wth y e Ship up as farr as Albany 
which they then Called fort Orangie When as y e Ship 
came as farr as Sopus which is J way to Albaniej they 
lightned y e Ship wth some boats y l were left there by y e 
Dutch that had been there y 6 year before a tradeing wth 
y e Indians upon there oune accompts & gone back again 
to Holland & so brought y e vessel up ; there were about 
18 families aboard who settled themselves at Albany & 
made a small fort; and as soon as they had built them- 
selves some hutts of Bark: y e Mahikanders or River In- 
dians, y e Maquase: Oneydes: Onnondages Cayougas, & 
Sinnekes, wth y e Mahawawa or Ottawa waes Indians came 
& made an Covenants of friendship wth ye s 1 Arien 
Jorise there Commander Bringing him great Presents of 
Bever or oyr Peltry & desyred that they might come & 
have a Constant free Trade with them wch was con- 
cluded upon & y e s d nations come dayly with great mul- 
tidus of Bever & traded them wth y e Christians, there s d 
Commanr Arien Jorise staid with them all winter and 
sent his sonne home with y* ship ; y e s d Deponent lived 
in Albany three years all which time y e s d Indians were 
all as quiet as Lambs & came & Traded with all y e free- 
dom Imaginable, in y 6 year 1626 y e Deponent came from 
Albany & settled at N : Yorke where she lived afterwards 
for many years and then came to Long Island where she 
now lives. 

The sd Catclyn Trico made oath of ye sd Deposition before me at her house on 
ightthislTt" " 

Long Island in ye Wale Bought this 17th day of October 1688. 

.WILLIAM MORRIS, Justice of ye pece 


( 201 ) 

on t&e Sfte 


Pronounced before the New York State Agricultural Society, at their Annual 
Meeting, on the 5th February, 1840. . 


The treasures of the republic are to be found in the 
worth, the virtues, the intelligence, and the integrity of 
the citizen. He alone sustains the burdens, as he re- 
ceives the benefits, of all our institutions, our frames of 
government, our plans of policy. 

The mere citizen, uncontrolled by higher powers, and 
unaided by adventitious circumstances, has been, in truth, 
but a recent actor in the affairs of our world. The 
great instruments of change in the political condition of 
nations, have been principally the slave and the subject. 
In the revolutions that have waited upon human affairs, 
we have witnessed almost every thing dominant in its 
turn. The despot, the demagogue, the monarch, the 
aristocrat, have each and all had their day of trial and 
of triumph. Let the honest, intelligent, unpretending 
citizen now have his. He claims it in view of his im- 
portance in our social, civil, and political edifice; in 
virtue of the policy and spirit of our institutions; and 
in consequence of the many examples of real worth and 
merit which he is enabled to bring forward. 

Among the most prominent of these, is the name of 
the late esteemed and lamented Jesse Buel; a name 
which must ever furnish a fitting theme for eulogy 
wherever intelligence is prized, or well directed industry 
respected, or high moral worth meets with its due ap- 
preciation. Since the last annual meeting of your society, 
he, who so justly constituted its pride and its ornament, 
has passed from among us. It has been deemed proper 

202 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

at this time and place, to pay a tribute of respect to his 
memory ; and surely, if his name and deserving worth 
be any where entitled to consideration, it is here and by 

In reference to his individual history, I propose to be 
brief and general, conscious that although the partiality 
of friends may dwell with deep and intense interest on 
minute particulars, yet that the attention of the public 
generally ought rather to be directed to such facts as may 
instruct by their practical application to the common 
-affairs of life. 

The subject of these remarks was born in Coventry, 
in the state of Connecticut, on the 4th day of January, 
1778. He was the last born, and the last that has died, 
>of a family of fourteen children. His father, Elias Buel. 
held the commission of major in the war of our revolu- 
tion, and was a fair sample of the plain, unassuming, 
-straight-forward character of the New England farmer. 

As an instance in proof that the end of the good man 
is peace, it deserves to be mentioned, that the advanced 
years and declining strength of this excellent sample of 
New England's earlier population, together with his aged 
consort, received for the last five years of their lives 
their stay and support from the filial affections of their 
youngest child; until, fully matured, and at the advanced 
age of eighty-six years, they both left this world, and as 
if their union had become indissoluble by bonds that had 
-been tightened by nearly three-fourths of a century, 
they left it within the brief period of six weeks of each 

From early boyhood, Judge Buel seems to have had 
the direction of his own course; his parents wisely 
leaving to his own disposition and inclinations, the choice 
of that which should mainly constitute the business of 
his life. In 'this it is to be hoped they have many 
imitators. Let young, unsophisticated nature always 
speak its own language, and follow its own original bias, 
and success will be likely to reward its exertions. When 
he had arrived at the age of twelve years, the family, 

Life and Character of Je-se Buel. 203 

including himself, moved from Coventry to Rutland, Ver- 
mont, and two years afterwards, when he had completed 
the age of fourteen, he became an apprentice to the 
printing business, in the office of Mr. Lyons, in Rutland. 

When the youth, possessing the qualities that are to 
enoble the future man, has silenced all mental debate by 
his irrevocable determination as to what particular pur- 
suit or calling the great energies of his life shall be 
devoted, he immediately applies himself with unwearied 
ardor and assiduity, to carry into full effect his firm, high, 
undeviating resolve. 

The young apprentice distinguished the first four years 
of his term by a close, assiduous, and unremitted attention* 
to the attainment of the printing art. At the end of 
that period, such had been his devotion to business, that 
he had acquired as perfect a knowledge and mastery of 
the routine and all the details of that art, as are ordi- 
narily acquired by others during the en f ire term of their 
apprenticeship. Conscious of the sufficiency of these 
attainments, and entertaining a realizing sense of the 
immense value of time, especially to the young, he suc- 
ceeded, at the expiration of the. first four years, in pur- 
chasing of Mr. Lyons the unexpired three years of his 
regular term, and thus at the age of eighteen he was 
ready to exchange the apprentice for the journeyman; 
and to earn, in the latter capacity, sufficient to pay the 
expense of the exchange. He immediately found his way 
to the city of New York, and was there laboring as a 
journeyman during the desolating ravages of the yellow 
fever. He subsequently worked as a journeyman with 
Mr. McDonald of this city, and was a short time at 
Waterford and Lansingburgh, until June 1797, when he 
formed a connection in business with Mr, Moffit, of 
Troy, and commenced the publication of the Troy Budget. 
This vras continued until September, 1801, when, at the 
age of twenty-three, he married Miss Susan Pierce, of 
Troy, and immediately removed to Poughkeepsie, where 
in connection with Mr. Joiner, he commenced the publi- 
cation of a weekly paper called The Guardian. This 

204 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

was contiued about a year; after which, he entered into 
another copartnership, and commenced the publication 
of the Political Banner. This last proved to be an 
unfortunate business connection ; and after about a year's 
continuance, either through the mismanagement or dis- 
honesty of his partner, he found himself reduced to utter 

'I his is, I am sorry to say, rather a common history ; 
and many, thus situated, abandon .hope, and yield them- 
selves up to fatal despondency. Not so Judge Buel. With 
the unshaken assurance of success which naturally 
results from the firm determination to deserve it. he saw, 
with apparent indifference, the slow, labored, and rather 
scanty accumulations of some six or seven years suddenly 
swept from him ; and read, in this lesson of mutability, 
at least the chance of elevation, as well as depression, 
in individual condition. He never, for one moment, lost 
confidence in the general integrity of men, nor in the 
ultimate success of industry and application. He left 
Poughkeepsie and removed to Kingston, where he estab- 
lished* a weekly paper called the Plebian. Here he con- 
tinued during the period often years, from 1803 to 1813, 
applying himself with diligence and activity to his busi- 
ness. During a part of this time, he sustained with 
reputation tfce office of judge, in the Ulster county court; 
and. by his persevering industry, and well directed 
application, he not only retrieved his losses, but also- 
acquired some considerable real and personal estate. 

In 1813, his reputation as an editor and a man having 
made him favorably known to the public, he was induced, 
through the exertions of Judge Spencer and some others, 
to remove to the city of Albany, and to commence the 
Albany Argus. The succeeding year, he was appointed 
printer to the state, the duties of which, together with 
the editorship of the Argus, he continued to discharge 
until the year 1820; at which time he sold out with the 
determination to abandon the printing business. 

It is worthy of remark, that while engaged in this busi- 
ness he always performed himself the labor essential to 
its successful prosecution. He was always the setter of 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 205 

his own types, and, until he came to Albany, the worker 
of his own press. Is there not something, in the very 
nature of the printing art, that tends to originate and 
perpetuate habits of severer industry than any other 
occupation or calling ? 

After disposing of his printing establishment and 
business, he purchased a farm of eighty-five acres of 
land near the city of Albany, which then helped to 
compose that tract of land lying west of the city, and 
appropriately denominated the Sandy Barrens. That 
which, for some years past has been so extensively and 
favorably known as the Albany Nursery, then lay an 
open common, unimproved, covered with bushes, and 
apparently doomed to everlasting sterility. These un- 
promising appearances, which to a common mind would 
have presented insuperable obstacles, served to increase 
the efforts, rather than damp the ardor, of Judge Buel. 
Difficulties, hindrances, obstructions, were with him 
every day familiars. His mind had been, in some mea- 
sure, formed under their influence. He recognized and 
acted on the doctrine, that where God has done little, it is 
incumbent on man to do much ; and that nothing in this 
world is ever lost by courting situations that require the 
expenditure of unremitted effort. Man was made to 
labor, both corporeally and mentally, and his happiness 
in life depends, much more than he is generally aware of, 
on the strict obedience which he yields to this primal law 
of his being. 

On this farm he continued to reside until the time of 
his death. Under his untiring and well directed industry, 
the most unpromising indications soon disappeared, and 
as a practical commentary upon the truth of his agri- 
cultural doctrine, and in proof that he in reality practiced 
what he preached, it may be mentioned that the same 
acre of land, which in 1821 he purchased for $30, is now 
worth, at a moderate estimate, $200. 

While residing on the farm, since 1821, he has several 
times represented the city and county of Albany in the 
popular branch of the legislature of this state; has been 

206 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

for several years, and was at time of his death, a regent 
of the university; and in the fall of 1836 received the 
whig support as their candidate for the office of governor 
of the state of New York. 

On the political course of Judge Buel, I do not design 
to enlarge. He was a believer in the old fashioned 
doctrine, that office, instead of being made for men, 
should be made by them ; that it conferred far less 
privileges than it imposed duties ; that it was a trust re- 
posed, and the incumbent a trustee* and responsible for 
the proper performance of the trust; that instead of 
operating as a license to live and fatten on the public 
spoil, without the necessity of labor, it imposed the 
severe obligations of more incessant effort, and of acting 
under deeper and heavier responsibilities; and that it 
was no further honorable than as an indication of trust 
and confidence on the part of those whose intelligence 
and moral worth were the vouchers for its value. The 
introduction of many modern improvements, is tending to 
render that doctrine somewhat antiquated, and to diminish 
the number of its adherents. 

Mere political pre-eminence is, at best, extremely 
equivocal. It may be ennobled by the solid qualities of 
the statesman, or debased by the crafty arts of the 
politician. Its highest attainable summit has been not 
inaptly compared to the apex of a pyramid, which can 
be reached by the soaring eagle, or the crawling reptile. 
The durable reputation of Jesse Buel depends on that 
which politics can neither give n<3r withhold; which is at 
a high remove above the little tricks of little men; which 
is far beyond the reach of the aristocrat, and above the 
highest possible conceptions of the mere demagogue. It 
reposes, on that strong sense of obligation which a 
people feel themselves under to a high and gifted mind 
exerted for their benefit. It is the grateful homage 
rendered by mind to mind; the most desirable, the most 
enduring, the most esteemed, of earthly homage. It 
arises from the feeling of benefits conferred on the one 
side, and received on the other. It serves to connect the 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 207 

great mass of man with the few master spirits who are 
pioneering onward in advance of their age. The highest 
mere political distinctions dwindle into insignificance, 
when compared and contrasted with this highest attain- 
ment of a laudable ambition. To those acquainted with 
the arcana of politics, it will be sufficient to observe, 
that Jesse Buel never merged the man in the politician; 
that he never gave up his independence of thought, of 
expression, or of action ; and that he preserved throughout 
that perfect integrity of purpose, that never, through 
his whole life, ceased to be the guide of his action. To 
those ignorant of such arcana, I can only say, that, 

u Where ignorance is bliss, 'twere folly to be wise." 

It is in the labors of Judge Buel in the advancement 
of agricultural and horticultural pursuits, particularly 
the former, that the people of this union have a deep 
and abiding interest. He retired to his farm at the age 
of forty-three; a period of life when the mind has at- 
tained the full maturity of its varied powers. He carried 
with him a sound body, the result of a good original 
constitution, of strictly temperate habits, and much active 
exercise in the prosecution of his business; and a mind 
well stored with valuable information, of a character the 
most available for the common uses and purposes of life. 
So far as his pecuniary circumstances were concerned, 
he might, at this period of time, have been justified in 
dispensing with further labor either of body or mind. 
He was no longer compelled to act under the spur of 
necessity. But his ready perceptions, and accurate feel- 
ings, convinced him of a truth, which others are often 
doomed to acquire from a sad experience that a life of 
labor is, of all other kinds of life, the last that should be 
terminated by an age of inactivity. Men violate the 
laws impressed by God upon the condition of things, 
when they assign to their declining years an inglorious 
ease in the expenditure of that fortune, which the suc- 
cessful industry of their manhood had ^accumulated. 
There is also in all highly gifted minds, that are endowed 

208 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

with clear, strong intellect, combined with conscientious- 
ness, a deep feeling of responsibility for the due exercise 
of their powers, in a manner the most advantageous to 
their fellow-men. God. has placed a double safeguard 
over the advancement of man, by leaving the means that 
conduce to it in charge both of the impulses that originate 
from self, and of the promptings derived from his high 
moral nature. 

The mind of Judge Buel fortunately had the sagacity 
to perceive both where his industry was the most re- 
quired and could be rendered the most available. Of 
the three great interests that divide between them the 
lab'ors of men, viz., the agricultural, the mechanical 
and manufacturing, and the commercial, it is not difficult 
to perceive that the first has long been the most impor- 
tant, and the most neglected. The last, or commerce, is 
much dependent on the-other two, and may always be ex- 
pected to flourish where either agriculture or mechanical 
and manufacturing arts yield their multitude of products. 
Between the other two, there is a mutual dependence; 
agriculture furnishing the supports of life, and the 
mechanic arts, in their turn, supplying the instruments 
of agriculture. Of these two, the mechanic arts had 
received relatively much the most attention. To advance 
them, man's ingenuity and inventive powers had been 
severely tasked; and science was required to furnish its 
contributions; and the devising and employment of labor 
saving machinery attested, in a variety of instances, the 
triumphs of mind over the inert materials every where 
abounding in nature. But while the mechanic and 
manufacturing arts were thus prospering, agriculture was 
allowed to labor on unaided, and unenlightened in the 
knowledge of itself. The new and virgin earth on this 
continent, that had been for ages rearing and receiving 
back into its bosom the tall tree of Ihe forest, and the 
waving grass of the prairie, required, at first, in many 
places, but a small quantity of labor to ensure ample re- 
turns. When the soil began to give evidence of exhaustion, 
instead of attempting its restoration, new fields were 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 209 

brought under the dominion of the plough. The great 
mass of agricultural population, so far as their business 
was concerned, were little more than creatures of habit. 
Men lived, and labored, and trod the same paths, and 
performed the same circles of action, with scarcely a 
single well settled principle for their guide, except that 
the same field ought not to be taxed to grow two successive 
crops of flax. The principal, and almost the sole object 
in view, was to realize as great immediate returns as 
possible from the smallest amount of labor, without any 
regard whatever to the exhausted condition in which 
they might leave the soil; much like the traveler, who 
seeks the rapid accomplishment of a long journey, by 
driving so far the first day as to destroy his horse. 

The new system of agriculture, with which the name 
and reputation of Judge Buel is essentially identified, 
consists in sustaining an,d strengthening the soil, while 
its productive qualities are put into requisition; in 
rendering the farm every year more valuable, by annually 
increasing both its products and its power of producing; 
like the traveler, who, instead of destroying his horse the 
first day, should so regulate his motion, and administer 
his supplies of food, as to enable him to make additional 
progress every successive day, until the completion of 
his journey. This new system new I mean in this 
country has been principally carried into effect by 
manuring, by draining, by good tillage, by alternating 
crops, by root culture, and by the substitution of fallow 
crops for naked fallows. 

In testing the principles embraced in the new system, 
Judge Buel first made the practical application to his 
own farm. He compelled his sand-hills to stay at home, 
and be less obedient to commotions in the atmosphere. 
He was particular in observing the effect produced upon 
the soil by his mode of management. After satisfying 
himself by actual experiment, of the truth and advan- 
tages of the new system, he became desirious of rendering 
it as generally known as possible. With that view, the 
paper, now so well known as The Cultivator, was first 

210 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

commenced under the auspices of the State Agricultural 
Society, in March, 1834. A committee of publication, 
consisting of Jesse Buel, Doctor James P. Beekman, and 
James D. Wasson, were appointed by the society, and 
under their direction. Judge Buel being the real editor, 
The Cultivator first made its appearance, in the form of 
a small sheet, issued monthly, and at the very moderate 
price of twenty-five cents per year. So little, however, 
did it become known ; so very deficient was the taste for 
reading on agricultural subjects; and, consequently, so 
extremely limited was its circulation, that the same 
volume, which has since passed through three editions, 
and now reposes on the shelves of more than 24,000 
American farmers, was found, at the end of the year, to 
have accumulated a debt, over and above its receipts, of 
nearly five hundred dollars. Entertaining, however, a 
thorough conviction of the utility of the undertaking, 
and never doubting its ultimate success, he made an 
arrangement with the society, by which he became sole 
proprietor of The Cultivator, assuming the payment of 
all its debts and liabilities. The superior merits of the 
paper soon began to render it more generally known. It 
was found necessary to enlarge it, and to increase the 
price to fifty cents per annnm. Notwithstanding the in- 
crease in price, the subscription list for the fourth volume, 
published from March, 1837, to March, 1838, amounted to 
23,000. It was then deemed expedient still farther to 
enlarge andimprove, and accordingly in March 1838, upon 
commencing the fifth volume, a larger, more expensive 
and better executed sheet was issued at the subscription 
price of one dollar per annum. This increase in price, 
at first diminished, very considerably, the number of 
subscribers. They were, however, gradually increasing, 
and, at the time of his death, amounted to about 16,000. 
We might naturally expect that a mind thus active and 
gifted, could not long continue to exercise its powers, 
without acquiring a more or less extended and solid 
reputation. The new and vigorous impulse he was 
giving to agriculture and horticulture, awoke to activity 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 211 

a kindred spirit in the breasts of his countrymen. This 
call to renewed agricultural efforts met with a corre- 
sponding response from many portions of the union. 
Societies, devoted to agriculture and horticulture, origi- 
nated in various sections of our country; and among 
their first acts has usually been the recognition of their 
obligations to Jesse Buel, by electing him an honorary 
member. As examples of this, and also to show the 
laudable efforts that have been made to form agricultural 
and horticultural societies, I would mention the fol- 
lowing : 

In 1821, he was elected a member of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural Society ; in 1829 of the Horticultural Society 
of that state;' in 1830, of the Monroe Horticultural 
Society at Rochester; in 1831, of the Charleston Horti- 
cultural Society, in South Carolina; in 1832, of the 
Hampshire Franklin and Hampden Society, in Massa- 
chusetts, and of the Hamilton County Agricultural Society 
at Cincinnati; in 1833, of the Tennessee Agricultural 
and Horticultural Societies; in 1834, of the Horticultural 
Society of the District of Columbia; in 1838, of the- 
Philadelphia Society of Agriculture, and in 1839, of the 
Albemarle Agricultural Society. In 1838, he was chosen 
President of the Horticultural Society of the Valley of 
the Hudson. He has been several times elected President 
of the State Agricultural Society. 

Distinctions, similar to those already mentioned, have 
been conferred upon him by foreign and transatlantic 
societies. In 1833, he was chosen a corresponding 
member of the Lower Canada Agricultural Society; in 
1834, of the London and New York Horticultural 
Societies. In 1830, he was chosen an honorary member 
of the State Society of Statisques Universelles, at Paris, 
and, in 1836, he was chosen a corresponding member of 
the Royal and Central Society of Agriculture, at Paris. 

Let it, however, by no means be supposed that Judge 
Buel's mental efforts were confined exclusively to agri- 
culture and horticulture. In his view, man was born for 
higher purposes than merely to produce and consume the- 

[Annals, vi.] 19 

212 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

products of the earth. The motto to his Cultivator was, 
"To improve the soil, and the mind." Of what real 
utility are all the enjoyments of mere physical existence, 
unaccompanied by the higher delights of mental being? 
No man more fully realized the force of this than Judge 
Buel. His system of education, however, like his system of 
agriculture, was eminently practical; and like that, too, it 
would endeavor to strengthen the producing power while 
it developed its products. He would guide the effort of 
muscle by the direction of mind. While cultivating the 
land, he would enjoy the landscape. While caging the 
bird, he would not be [insensible to its music. The 
numerous valuable hints and suggestions on the subject 
of education, that occur in his Cultivator and other 
writings, evidence the soundness and correctness of his 
views on that all important subject. 

The efforts of Judge Buel have greatly tended to make 
honorable, as well as profitable and improving, the pur- 
suits of agriculture. He clearly perceived that to render 
the farming interest prosperous, it must stand high in 
the public estimation. So long as it was conceded to be 
an occupation that required little more than mere habit 
to follow, and that it was indifferent to success, whether 
the man possessed great intellectual power, or a mind on 
a level with the ox he drove, it could not be expected 
that any would embark in it unless necessity compelled 
them, or the very moderate extent of their mental 
bestowment precluded any reasonable chance of success 
in any other. He taught men that agricultural prosperity 
resulted neither from habit nor chance; that success was 
subject to the same law in this, as in other departments 
of industry, and before it could be secured, must be 
deserved; that mind, intellectual power, and moral pur- 
pose, constituted as essential parts in the elements of 
agricultural prosperity as in those of any other; and all 
these truths he enforced by precept, and illustrated by 
practice. By these means he has called into the field of 
agricultural labor a higher order of mind; has elevated 
the standard of agricultural attainment; and has tended 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 213 

to render this extensive department of industry as in- 
telligent, respected, and honorable, as it ever has been 
conceded to be useful, healthy, and independent. 

Thus gifted, esteemed, beloved, distinguished, and in 
the enjoyment of a reputation coextensive with the agri- 
cultural interest in this country, it would seem, that if 
life were a boon worth possessing, he had almost earned 
a long and undisturbed enjoyment of it. But the dis- 
pensations of God to man are full of mystery. Religion 
and reason here teach the same lesson: to observe, adore, 
and submit. 

He had accepted invitations to deliver addresses before 
the agricultural and horticultural societies of Norwich 
and New Haven, Connecticut, on the 25th and 27th of 
September, 1839. About the middle of that month, he 
left this city for that purpose, accDmpanied by his only 
daughter. On Saturday night, the 22d of September, at 
Danbury, Connecticut, he was seized with the bilious 
cholic. This was extremely distressing, but yielded, 
within three days, to the force of medical treatment. A 
bilious fever then supervened, unaccompanied, however, 
by any alarming symptoms until Friday, 4th of October/ 
His disease then assumed a serious aspect, and a change 
was obviously perceptible, particularly in his voice. He 
had occasionally, during his sickness, expressed doubts 
of his recovery, although his physicians, up to the 4th of 
October, entertained no serious apprehensions that his 
disease would terminate fatally. He retained throughout 
the full possession of his mental faculties, and expressed 
his entire resignation to the will of Heaven. He con- 
tinued gradually to decline from Friday until about three 
o'clock in the afternoon of Sunday, when, after faintly 
littering the name of his absent companion, with whom 
he had shared the foils, and troubles, and triumphs, of 
almost forty years, he calmly, and without a groan or a 
struggle, canceled the debt which his birth had created, 
and " yielded up his spirit to God who gave it." 

We involuntarily pause at the termination of the good 
man's earthly career, and almost imagine ourselves en- 

214 Life, and Character of Jesse Buel. 

titled to catch some feeble or imperfect glimpse of his 
departing spirit, as it speeds its way to the source of 
light and of love. He died in the very field of his labors ; 
in the midst of his usefulness; in the full maturity of 
his mental faculties. No symptom of decline had evi- 
denced a waning spirit, nor had the touch of decay 
impaired the strength, or disturbed the harmony, of his 

He left behind him the companion of his earlier and 
latter years, and four children, to mourn their bereave^ 
ment; an extensive circle of warmly attached and de- 
voted friends to deplore their loss ; a whole community 
deeply to regret his removal; and an entire interest, 
constituting the key stone in our social and civil arch, to 
lose the benefits of his untiring efforts. Such a death 
succeeding such a life, occurring at such a time, and 
under such circumstances, most forcibly exemplifies that 
beautiful sentiment of the poet, that 

" Life lies in embryo, never free, 
Till nature yields her breath; 
Till time becomes eternity, 
And man is hot n in death." 

All that remains for us is to cherish his memory; to 
imitate his virtues; and to avail ourselves of his labors. 
He was himself a practical illustration of republican 
simplicity. Always plain in his dress and appearance; 
unassuming in his manners; unostentatious in the ex- 
treme; he was hospitable, without display; pious, without 
pretension ; and learned, without any mixture of pedantry. 
His was a character of the olden time, and formed on a 
noble model. With a proper estimate of what was due 
to others, he united accurate conceptions of what he was 
justly entitled to receive from them. His principles of 
politeness were not learned from the writings of Lord 
Chesterfield; nor were they derived from those higher 
circles in society, where, too frequently, artificial rules 
chill the warmth of social feeling, and the play of our 
faculties, which, beyond all other things, should claim 
exemption from restraint, is reduced under the worse 

Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 215 

than iron bondage of heartless forms ; where a mistake 
in manners is even less pardonable than a fault in morals. 
His politeness flowed directly from his character, and 
was the natural expression of a happy combination of 
faculties. He was frank in his communications, because 
he was so constituted by nature, and had, in fact, nothing 
to conceal. Although more than three score years had 
passed over him, yet the consciousness of a blameless 
life removed all restraint upon the freedom of his inter- 

The character and general habit of his mind was, in 
the highest degree, practical. The value and importance 
he attached to a thing, were deduced from his estimate 
of its uses ; and those uses consisted of the number and 
importance of the applications which he perceived could 
be made of it, to the common purposes of life. He regarded 
life as being more made up of daily duties, than of re- 
markable events: and his estimate of the value of a 
principle, or proposed plan of operations, was derived 
from the extent to which application could be made of 
it to life's every day matters. He presented the rare 
occurrence of a mind originally conversant with the 
most common concerns, arising, by its own inherent 
energies, from them to the comprehension of principles, 
and coming back and applying those principles to the 
objects of its earlier knowledge. 

As a writer, the merits of Judge Buel have already 
been determined by a discerning public. It is here 
worthy of remark, that he never had but six months' 
schooling, having enjoyed fewer advantages, in that re- 
spect, than most farmers' and mechanics' sons. He, 
however, had the good fortune to possess a mind that 
could Improve itself by its own action. Although, there- 
fore, he lacked the advantages of that early education, 
which can polish, point, and refine good sense where it 
happens to be found, and endeavors to supply its absence 
by some imperfect substitute, where it is wanting; yet 
by dint of study and practice, and of strong original en- 
dowment, he succeeded in the attainment of a style 

216 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

excellently well adapted to the nature of his communica- 
tions. It consisted simply in his telling, in plain language, 
just the thing he thought. The arts of rhetoric; the 
advantages of skillful arrangement in language; the 
abundant use of tropes and figures ; he never resorted to. 
He seemed neither to expect or desire, that his com- 
munications would possess with other minds any more 
weight than the ideas contained in them would justly 
entitle them to. With him words meant things, and 
not simply their shadows. He came to the common 
mind like an old familiar acquaintance; and although he 
brought to it new ideas, yet they consisted in concep- 
tions clearly comprehensible in themselves, and conveyed 
in the plainest and most intelligible terms. 

His writings are principally to be found in the many 
addresses he has delivered; in the six volumes of his 
Cultivator; in the small volume (made up, however, 
principally or entirely, from materials taken from the 
Cultivator) published by the Harpers of New York; 
and in the Farmers' Companion, the last and most perfect 
of his works, containing, within a small compass, the 
embodied results of his agricultural experience, a rich 
legacy to which the great extent of our farming interest 
can not remain insensible. This work was written ex- 
pressly for the Massachusetts Board of Education, and 
constitutes one of the numbers of the second series of 
that truly invaluable district school library, now issuing, 
under the sanction of that board, from the press of 
Marsh, Capen, Lyon & Webb of Boston; which, for the 
extent of the undertaking, the great caution exercised 
in selecting the material, the talent enlisted in furnishing 
it, and the durable manner in which the books are 
executed, so richly deserves the patronage of the whole 
American nation. I deem it really the most fortunate 
circumstance in his life, that he should have been per- 
mitted, so immediately previous to his departure, to 
furnish just this volume, for just this purpose; and I 
shall confidently expect that the coming generation will 
be better farmers, better citizens, and better men, from 

Life, and Character of Jesse Buel. 217 

having had the formation of their young minds influenced, 
to some extent, by the lessons of experience and practi- 
cal wisdom, derived from the last, best, most mature 
production of this excellent man. The several district 
schools throughout our state, will, undoubtedly, feel it 
due to the important trusts they have in charge, to secure 
this among other valuable publications, to aid in com- 
posing their respective district school libraries, from 
which so much good is expected to be derived. 

The example of Judge Buel affords practical instruc- 
tion, as well as his works. There is hardly a situation 
or condition in life, to which some incident, event, or 
portion of his existence, does not apply with peculiar 
force, and afford much encouragement. To the wealthy, 
those who by successful industry have accumulated com- 
petent fortunes, it teaches the salutary lesson, that 
continued happiness can only be secured by continued 
industry; that the highly gifted mind must feel a re- 
sponsibility for the legitimate exercise of its powers; 
and that, when the requisite capacity is possessed, the 
one can be the most effectually secured, and the other 
satisfied, by communicating to the minds of the young the 
results of a long experience, of much varied observation 
and accumulated knowledge, and many original and pro- 
found reflections upon men and things. 

To those who have sustained losses, been unfortunate 
in business, and had the slow accumulations of years 
suddenly swept away by accident, misfortune or fraud; 
it teaches the important truth, that, 

"In the lexicon of youth, which fate reserves 

For a bright manhood, there is no such word 


that undaunted resolution, rigid economy, close calcula- 
tion, prudent management, aided by renewed application 
and well directed, persevering industry, can never fail, 
except in cases very uncommon, to retrieve their circum- 
stances, restore their condition, and by the excellent 
habits they create, to send them forward on the mutable 
course of life, with fresh assurance, renewed hope, and 
more confident anticipations. 

218 Life and Character of Jesse Buel. 

To the youth who has just commenced threading the 
devious paths of young existence ; who is beginning to 
open his senses and his faculties to the appreciation and 
enjoyment of the aliment with which God has furnished 
them ; it speaks a language at once impressive and invit- 
ing. It presents the instance of one from among them, 
bofn in poverty, having all the hardships, obstacles and 
disadvantages so frequently occurring in early life to 
contend with; with no other inheritance than a sound 
mind in a sound body, working his way onward and up- 
ward to the esteem, respect and confidence of his fellow 
men. There have been no peculiarly favorable combina- 
tions of circumstances to contribute to his .progress and 
advancement. No miracle has been wrought in his favor, 
nor arts of magic enlisted in his aid. Nothing whatever 
has contributed to remove his case out of the empire of 
that same cause and effect in subjection to which all the 
phenomena of life are evolved. It is the obvious case of 
distinction and a high reputation acquired and earned by 
the most persevering industry ; the most scrupulous re- 
gard for right; the exercise of superior intellect; the 
practice of every virtue ; and its plain, practical language 
to the youth of our land is: " Go thou and do likewise." 
You are supported by the same soil; overhung by the 
same heavens ; surrounded by the same classes of objects, 
and subjected to the action of the same all pervading 
laws. Would you possess the same good? Acquire it 
by a resort to similar means. 

To all, it addresses a consoling language, in the fact 
that we here see industry recompensed; unobtrusive 
merit rewarded; intellectual action accomplishing its ob- 
jects; high moral worth appreciated; and the unostenta- 
tious virtues of a life, held in due esteem, respect and 
consideration. This tends to create a strong confidence 
in the benignity of the laws that regulate human affairs; 
to inspire a higher degree of respect and reverence for 
the constituent elements of human nature; and to give 
birth to that sentiment strongly embodied in the language, 
God, I thank thee that I am a man. 



[In the year 1802, the Rev. John Taylor undertook a 
missionary journey through the Mohawk and Black River 
country. Such portions of his journal as relate to the 
yiciniiy of Albany will be found below. See Doc. Hist. 
N. Y., iii, 110", etseq.] 

July 21st, 1802. I this day passed thro' the affecting 
scene of parting with my family, for the term of three 
months, to journey into the Northern counties of New York 
and to perform ihe duties of a missionary. I expected 
to have obtained some information respecting the north- 
ern country from the Rev d Mr Field of Cherlamont, but 
was disappointed, as he was not at home. Proceeded from 
Cherlamont, on the turnpike, over Housic mountain. 
Having passed down the mountain I came into the town 
of Adams, which is remarkable for limestone. 5 miles 
from Adams is Williamstown The College consists of 
about 90 scholars a president and 4 tutors. There are 
2 eligant buildings standing on elevated ground about 
40 rods from each other. I put up with Dr Fitch a 
valuable man and has an agreeable family. 

Travelled this day about 40 miles. Found a letter at 
the Rev d Eliph' Nott's, directed to me, from the Rev d 
Joseph Lyman, Hatfield. Mr Nott being on a journey to 
Ballston Spring, the boxes of books which I expected to find 
with him were still in the possession of the proprietors 
of the stage. Was charged for the transportation of the 
books at the rate of a passenger, which was $2.47. Paid, 
also, 2s. Penny Post, for letters sent by the Post Master 
to Mr Nott's. The boxes appear to be sound, having 
sustained no damage. 

22 Left Williamstown about 8 o'clock took the road 
to Albany across the mountains, on the ground of tie 
proposed turnpike. After passing a high mountain, came 

220 Journal of Rev. John Taylor. 

into a valley, and into the town of Petersburg, in y e state 
of N. York. This town contains about 2900 inhabitants. 
There are 2 chhs. of Pedobaptists, and one of Saturday 
baptists. After passing in this valley about 3 miles, I 
rose another mountain, and for 10 miles found a most 
intolerable road. Passing off this stony and hard ground, 
I came down into Greenbush, a level country for about 
4 miles from the mountains the soil appears to be good 
from thence to the river it is too sandy. 

ALBANY, July 23, at Trobridge's. At 11 o'clock left 
Albany. From Albany to Schenectada is a barren sandy 
plain the road very bad in consequence of sand but 
3 or 4 houses in the whole 17 miles. Schenectada makes 
a singular appearance, being built in the old Dutch form 
houses in general but one story, or a story and half, 
and standing endwise to the street. Its local situation 
is excellent, standing upon the south bank of the Mohawk 
arid there appears in every [thing] a simplicity, and 
neatness that is very pleasing. 

Passed the Mohawk at Schenectada found an excellent 
turnpike for about ten miles. Some very good meadow 
on the left. The country in general level. Soil, except 
in the meadows, a hard gravel, not very productive. 
Fields of grain, however, appear good. People in the 
midst of harvest. After about 10 miles from Schenec- 
tada, the country becomes more hilly. As \* e pass up 
the river into Montgomery county, we find for several 
miles but little intervale; what there is, appears to be 
good. On Tripe's or Tribe's hill, about 20 miles above 
Schenectady, we have the prospect of a few hundred acres 
of excellent meadow, which was formely the seat of the 
famous Hendrick, the sachem of the Mohawks. The 
ancient and elegant seat of Sir William Johnson I passed 
about 4 miles back. This is commonly called the Old 
fort. On Tribe's hill, I had great satisfaction and plea- 
sure of meeting a Mr Plum, an old acquaintance from 
Westfield, and was treated with great kindness in his 
family tarried with him until Monday the 25th ; received 
correct and considerable intelligence from him respecting 
the country especially in Montgomery county. 

Journal of Rev. John Taylor. 221 

There is an apple tree on this hill, which I am credibly 
informed produces apples without a core or seeds. There 
is also in this town, what is called by the people the 
Jerusalem thorn. There is also a singular production 
called mandrakes of which I have taken a rough drawing. 

This place appears to be a perfect Babel, as to lan- 
guage: But very few of the people, I believe, would be 
able to pronounce Shibboleth. The articulation even of 
New-England people, is injured by their being inter- 
mingled with the Dutch, Irish, and Scotch. The character 
of the Dutch people, even on first acquaintance, appears 
to be that of kindness and justice. As to religion, they 
know but little about it and are extremely superstitious. 
They are influenced very much by dreams, and apparitions. 
The most intelligent of them seem to be under the. 
influence of fear from that cause. The High Dutch 
have some singular customs with regard to their dead. 
When a person dies, nothing will influence y e connections, 
nor any other person, unless essentially necessary, to 
touch the body. When the funeral is appointed, none 
attend but such as are invited. When the corpse is 
placed in the street, a tune is sung by a choir of singers 
appointed for the purpose and continue singing until 
they arrive at the grave; and after the body is deposited, 
they have some remarks made return to y e house, and 
in general get drunk. 12 men are bearers or carriers 
and they have no relief. No will is opened, nor debt 
paid, until 6 weeks from y e time of death. 

26 Herkimer, Little Falls- The Albany stage arrived 
at the public house which I now am at, 1 o'clock last 
night ; thro' the unaccountable carelessness of the driver, 
I soon found that the small box of books was missing, 
and to complete my misfortunes and anxiety, I found 
that, contrary to my directions, the boxes had been placed 
behind the stage from Palatine, and that the bottom of 
the large box had fallen out, and that all the books were 
missing, 4 catechisms only excepted. I instantly in- 
formed the stage driver what the property was, and the 
condition of my agreement with the stage owner at 

222 Journal of Rev. John Taylor. 

Albany. The fellow appeared to be shocked, and went 
directly back 3 miles, but found nothing. He agreed 
with a man to go back at daybreak, and he himself this 
morning has returned down the river, to find them if 
possible, and has not yet returned it is now ten o'clock. 
The shock has been almost too much for my weak nerves, 
and I am fearful the property will not all be recovered. 
This parish contains 6 or 7 hundred inhabitants. They 
have a new meeting-house, but do not improve it. In 
this place may be found men of various religious sects. 
At 2 o'clock the stage driver returned, having fortunately 
recovered all the books which the large box contained. 

29th. Utica and Whit es-B or rough, about 4 miles 
apart, form but one Presbyterian congregation, of which 
Mr Dodd is the minister. The boxes of Books have not 
come on ; and as I can not with consistency go upon 
missionary ground again until they arrive, I have con- 
cluded to visit Mr. Dodd of Whitesborough, and Mr 
Norton of Clinton, 8 miles from the river. 


( 223 ) 



The Third Presbyterian Church of Albany was organ- 
ized in the year 1817, by a union of the Associate Re- 
formed Church with a number of members from the First 
Presbyterian Church. 

The germ of the Associate Reformed Church can be 
traced as far back as 1796. It was not, however, re- 
gularly constituted by the ordination of ruling elders 
till the second sabbath in January, 1800, when it was 
received into the Associate Reformed Presbytery of 
Washington. Its first pastor was the Rev. Andrew Wil- 
son, then recently from Ireland, who was installed over 
the churches of Albany and Lansingburgh in April, 1802. 
In March, 1804, his relation to the church of Lansingburgh 
was dissolved, and from that his labors were confined to 
the church of Albany till September, 1807, when he 
Obtained his dismission, with the design of returning .to 
Ireland. Abandoning this design, he was subsequently 
settled over the Associate Reformed Church of Seneca, 
where he died in June, 1812. His successor over the 
church in Albany was the Rev. John McJimsey, D. D.;. 
calledin October, 1809: installed in June, 1810; and 
dismissed in October, 1813. On leaving Albany, Dr. 
McJimsey removed to Poughkeepsie, where for several 
years he devoted himself to teaching. He was then 

* This historical sketch of the Third Presbyterian Church in 
Albany, forms the appendix to two sermons preached by the Rev. E. A. 
Huntington, D.D., on dissolving his connection with that church. The 
reader is referred to these sermons, and to the dedicatory sermon.: 
preached by the same pastor when the present edifice was opened, for. 
other facts. 

[Annals, vi.] 20 


Third Presbyterian Church. 

settled a second time over the Associate Reformed Church 
known as Graham's Church, in Orange county, and there, 
highly esteemed and beloved, he attained to a good old 
age and died in the summer of 1854. 

Among the ruling Elders of this church appear the 
names of John Magoffin, John Hartness, Peter Muir, Mi- 
chael Flack, James Hartness, and William Meadon. The 
following is a catalogue of the members received from 
some time before the year 1810, probably from the time 
of the organization of the church, to August 23, 1813: 

Mary Baird, 
Mary Black, 
Jennet Blakely, 
Elanor Baxter, 
John Campbell, 
Jean Campbell, 
Alexander Campbell, 
Margaret Campbell, 
Mary Campbell, 
William Carlisle, 
Mary Carlisle, 
Alexander Carey. 
Jennet Carey, 
Andrew Conning, 
James dimming, 
Margaret Gumming, 
John Dierrnan, 


Robert Dunn, 
Samuel Edgar, 
Agnes Edgar, 
Rosannah Farnham, 
Henry Farnham, 
Michael Flack, 
Hannah Flack, 
Agnes Forrest, 
Archibald Greive, 
Agnes Greive, 
Samuel Harbison, 

Mary Harbison, 
James Hartness, 
Sarah Hartness, 
John Hartness, 
Maria Hartness, 
Martha Humphrey, 
Nancy Humphrey, 
Margaret Kirkland, 
Grizzy Lauderdale, 
Jennet Luzier, 
David Lyon, 
John Magoffin, 
Catharine Magoffin, 
James Martin, 
Mary Martin, 
Thomas McAuley, 
Mary McAuley, 
.Catharine McCoy, 
James McElroy, 
Samuel McElroy, 
James McElroy, Jr., 
Jean McElroy, 
Elanor McElroy, 
Elanor McElroy, 
Esther McElroy, 
Peter McGibbons, 
William McGill, 
Isabella McGill, 
Anne McJimsey, 

Third Presbyterian Church. 225 

John McLachlan, William Philps, 

Agnes McLachlan, James Robertson, 

Donald McLeod, Grizzy Rutherford, 

Margery McLeod, James Strange, 

John McMillan, Maxwell Strange, 

Andrew McMullan, Elizabeth Strange, 

Jean McMullan, Agnes Strange, 

James McMullan, Maria Strain, 

James McMurray, William Strain, 

Rachel McMurray, Dennison Shaw, 

. Cornelia McMillan, Shaw, 

Jean McMillan, Catharine Stewart, 

William Meadon, John Stewart, 

Robert Minziers, Paul Spencer, 

Christiana Minziers, Elizabeth Storey, 

John Moore, Michael Strong, 

Peter Muir, Mary Strong, 

Jennet Muir, Ann Van Vrankin, 

Jean Muir, John Wade, 

Jean Muir, Jean Wade, 

Anne Oley, Abraham Weaver, 

Martha Parker, Margaret Weaver. 

Of these members, but two, Maria Hartness and Aline 
Oley, survived, and continued in connection with the 
Third Presbyterian Church, to witness the dedication of 
their new house of worship, in Clinton Place, December 
3, 1845. Thomas McAuley, now the Rev. Dr. McAuley, 
became professor of languages in Union College, and 
was afterwards settled over prominent churches in Phila- 
delphia and New York where he was for many years 
distinguished for his eloquence. 

During the existence of the Associate Reformed Church 
it seems never, at anyone time, to have consisted of more 
then fifty communicants, nor to have embraced a larger 
number of families in its congregation. 

On the division of the Associate Reformed Presbytery 
of Washington, this church was connected with the new 
Presbytery of Saratoga, in 1808: and in*1809, or 1810, 
was transferred to the Associate Reformed Presbytery of 

226 Third Presbyterian Church. 

New York, with which body it continued (ill merged in 
the Third Presbyterian Church. 

The immediate occasion of the organization of the 
Third Presbyterian Church, was the desire of the parties 
which concurred in organizing it, to enjoy the ministry 
-of the Rev. Hooper Gumming. After the necessary 
preliminary proceedings, through committees of the 
Associate Reformed Church on the one side, and of a 
large body of citizens on the other; all the action of said 
committees to be null and void unless Mr. Gumming 
could be secured, the new church, in the midst of a good 
deal of popular excitement, was formed in the usual way 
and ushered into legal existence by the recording of the 
certificate of the election of trustees, by permission of 
Chancellor Kent, in clerk's office, city and county of 
Albany, in book number one for registering certificates 
incorporating religious societies, February 5, 1817. 

The trustees, elected January 27, 1817, were William 
Eaton, Joseph Fry, Isaac Lucas, James Warren, John 
McLachlan, John Shaw, Hugh Humphrey, James Gum- 
ming and John Wade. Of these men, Hugh Humphrey, 
previously, in the Associate Reformed Church, a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees, was elected to the same 
office again in 1831, and has remained in it to the pre- 
sent time, since 1838, as president of the board; from 
youth to age, through the long period of nearly fifty 
years, amid many remarkable vicissitudes and trials, ever 
approving himself a fast friend and ir.ost liberal sup- 
porter of the church under both its titles. 

Upon a memorial from the new Presbyterian Church 
thus regularly constituted, it was received under the care 
of the Presbytery of Albany, Feb. 18, 1817. Already, 
at a meeting of the church," at which the Rev. Dr. John 
Chester presided, had a call been made upon Mr. Gum- 
ming to become its pastor, and the means had been secured 
to pay lum the then unprecedented salary of two thousand 
dollars per annum. As soon as the church was received 
under the care' of the presbytery, the commissioners of 
the church, according to form, placed said call at thedis- 

Third Presbyterian Church. 227 

position of the presbytery; and the church of Schenectady, 
of which Mr. Gumming was the pastor, declaring that 
they should not oppose his removal, the call was found 
in order and put into his hands, whereupon he announced 
his acceptance of it, and his pastoral relation with the 
church of Schenectady was accordingly dissolved. 

At this stage of the proceedings, Elder John L. Winne, 
a delegate from the Second Presbyterian Church, Albany, 
stated that "common fame" charged a member of the 
presbytery with unchristian walk, and moved the ap- 
pointment of a committee. to inquire whether the charge 
was of a nature to demand the notice of the presbytery. 
Drs. Nott, and Hosack, and Mr. McCrea, the committee 
appointed upon .this motion, reported that the Rev. 
Hooper Gumming was the person alluded to, that he was 
accused of plagiarism m preaching other men's com- 
position as his own; breach of the promise not to make 
so free use as he had made of other men's labors ; and 
deliberate prevarication and falsehood, particularly in de- 
claring that his manuscripts had been submitted to the 
chancellor of the state, who had compared them with 
Toplady, and acquitted him of the plagiarism imputed. 
The committee stated in their explanatory remarks that 
nothing had appeared before them to justify an additional 
charge of intemperance, however Mr. C. might need 
private ' caution x and advice on that subject, but that 
presbytery could not, without a violation of its trust, 
suffer the charges specified to pass without a judicial in- 
vestigation, alike for the honor of religion and to afford 
the individual impeached an opportunity to vindicate his 
character if assailed without cause. 

This report of the committee was accepted and put 
into the hands of Mr.' Gumming. The trial, at his 
solicitation, was deferred to the fourth Tuesday of the 
following April. Dr. Hosack and Elder McCrea were 
appointed to conduct the trial on the part of the pres- 

But before the presbytery adjourned a counter-move- 
ment was made by the friends of Mr. Gumming. William 

228 Third Presbyterian Church. 

Eaton, Isaac Lucas, and John T. B. Graham, the com- 
missioners from the Third Presbyterian Church to 
prosecute its call upon Mr. Gumming, stated, in a written 
communication to ' presbytery, that " common fame" 
charged the Rev. John Chester, and Mr. Mark Tucker, 
then studying for the ministry, with conduct unbecoming 
the Christian character, and respectfully requested pres- 
bytery to investigate the matter. In compliance with 
this request, Dr.'Nott, Rev. Mr. Halliday and Mr. Kelly 
were appointed a committee of inquiry to report at a 
subsequent meeting, whereupon presbytery adjourned. 

This committee, at the next meeting of presbytery 
convened in Albany, March 14, 1817, by the moderator, 
Dr. Nott, who was alsq chairman of the committee, re- 
ported that "common fame" charged the Rev. John Ches- 
ter with industriously circulating reports of plagiarism 
and intoxication against the Rev. Hooper Gumming, and 
of falsehood in denying the circulation of the report of 
intoxication. The committee, moreover, reported like 
charges against Mr. Mark Tucker. Presbytery resolved 
therefore to institute a trial of Mr. Tucker and of Dr. 
Chester, Dr. Chester's trial to be taken up first in order, 
on the 8th of April. 

It is obvious from the charges against Dr. Chester that 
his trial could have been only what it proved to be, an 
indirect trial of Mr. Gumming. The acquittal of Dr. 
Chester and his acquittal was morally certain would 
be the condemnation of Mr. Gumming without a hearing. 
But there was no alternative. The eighth of April came. 
The presbytery met according to adjournment in the 
First Presbyterian Church of Albany, and the trial of Dr. 
Chester commenced, awakening the deepest interest in 
the public mind. 

The Rev. Drs. Bradford and De Witt of the Dutch 
churches of Albany, and the Rev. Drs. Coe and Blatch- 
ford of the Presbyterian churches of Troy and Lansing- 
burgh, attended the meeting of the presbytery as corre- 
sponding members. Indeed, that the sympathy to use no 
stronger term of all classes of the community was drawn 

Third Presbyterian Church. 229 

out by the occasion, may be inferred from the names of 
the witnesses: Dr. Nott, Dr. Hosack, Isaac Hutton, 
Uriah Marvin, Rev. H. Gumming, Dr. Willard and wife, 
Abraham Eights, Chancellor Kent, Charles R. Webster, 
Theodorus V. W. Graham, Gilbert Stewart, E. F. Backus, 
John L. Winne, J. Boardman, Mark Tucker, Major I. 
Smith, J. Warren and Chester Buckley. The church 
where the presbytery met was crowded to its utmost 
capacity. A committee of twenty or thirty gentlemen 
attended Mr. Gumming to and from the place, and sat 
with him during the sessions of the court, and often 
counseled with him till midnight in his own house. He 
was the universal topic of conversation, not always quite 
peaceful, in the markets and at the corners of the streets. 
It may be questioned whether any thing of the kind, un- 
less it be the comparatively recent trial, in a neighboring 
city, of a conspicuous member of another denomination, 
has ever in the ecclesiastical affairs of this country 
aroused more intense or unprofitable feeling. 

The moderator of the presbytery, President Nott, then 
in. the meridian of his splendid life, opened the court with 
an address on the doctrine of slander; one of the most 
lucid and discriminating and comprehensive and satis- 
factory disquisitions on that subject to be found in the 
language. As a literary essay it is worthy of a Foster. 
As a judicial utterance it is worthy of a Marshal. Dr. 
Chester followed with a statement of his own view of 
the facts which induced the charges against him, and of 
the course which he intended to pursue in vindication of 
his conduct. This, too, is an exquisite specimen of its 
kind, simple, perspicuous, in some passages touchingly 
eloquent, evincing throughout a frank, generous, forgiv- 
ing spirit, and throughout adapted to prepossess the 
court strongly in his favor. During the progress of the 
examination which then began of the witnesses in the 
case, it became more and more manifest that the character 
of Mr. Gumming was suffering from their testimony. He 
and his friends grew more and more uneasy and irritated. 
They construed his exclusion as a witness while the 

230 Third Presbyterian Church. 

testimony of the preceding witnesses was taken, into a 
deliberate and malicious attempt to blast his reputation 
behind his back. And when he was called to the stand 
and the moderator expressed the belief that he was in- 
sane, as a reason for declining to administer the usual 
oath to him, his numerous and earnest supporters with 
himself were exasperated beyond measure, convinced 
that he was unrighteously and unmercifully persecuted. 
At one time they withdrew in a body from the house 
leaving it almost empty. At another time Mr. Gumming 
presented to the presbytery an indignant remonstrance 
against the course which the trial had been allowed or 
made to take; a statement of grievances, methodically 
arranged, and skillfully and powerfully urged, showing 
at least one thing, that he could, if he did not, write his 
own sermons. He then moved that the trial of Dr. 
Chester should be commenced de novo, and' conducted in 
a manner which should not implicate the character 
either of himself or Mr. Tucker; and speaking to this 
motion, and on other occasions, he dealt out eloquent in- 
vectives, sometimes severely personal, in which he like- 
wise displayed not only the consummate orator but the 
resources of a highly gifted and cultivated mind. It 
appeared, however, most plainly, that Dr. Chester was 
innocent, as he was unanimously declared to be. 

Mr. Tucker, too, after a trial altogether similar in its 
incidents and developments to that of Dr. Chester, was 
fully exculpated, and the presbytery adjourned, to meet 
in Schenectady, April 22, 1817." 

At that meeting, it was the designated business of 
presbytery to proceed to the direct trial of Mr. Gumming. 
But he did not appear. His people advised him to stay 
away, while they presented a memorial, worthy of any 
man's head and heart, praying presbytery to discontinue 
all further proceedings against him, and to take measures 
for his immediate installation. A letter from his father 
was also read, expressing the conviction that he had 
been suffering under a kind of derangement, from the 
time of the sudden death of his first wife. After some 

Third Presbyterian Church. 231 

other transactions, among which it was resolved to add 
the charge of intemperance to the charges originally 
tabled against Mr. Gumming, presbytery again ad- 

At the next meeting, in Schenectady, July 24, 1817, 
twelve commissioners, appointed by the Third Presby- 
terian Church, appeared, to assist in conducting the trial 
of Mr. Gumming, and to act, of course, in his defense. 
An interesting letter from the Rev. Dr. E. D. Griffin, 
then of Newark, N. J., was read, affirming that any 
physician in America would pronounce Mr. Gumming in 
a considerable degree insane, and that those who knew 
him best were persuaded that he needed "the balm 
of sympathy and kindness, rather than the rod of 
discipline. " But his people introduced witnesses to 
show, that, since he had been their pastor elect, he had 
exhibited no signs of insanity, except (according to the 
testimony of Elder Aaron Hand) during the excitement 
of the trial of Dr. Chester, and that to call him mad 
appeared to them supremely ridiculous. Mr. Gumming 
himself addressed a letter to presbytery, evincing, at all 
events, that there was "method in his madness," 
uniting with his people in urging presbytery to stop his 
trial and at once to install him. Minutes of the Pres- 
bytery of Jersey, December 13, 1814, having' respect to 
the previous conduct of Mr. Gumming, and bearing on 
the question of his sanity, were also produced, together 
with certain testimony obtained by his father, and 
minutes of the Associate Reformed Presbytery of New 
York, and of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, April 15, 
1817. Two other letters from Dr. Griffin, full of tender, 
paternal sympathy for Mr. Gumming, reaffirming his in- 
sanity with additional proof of it, must have had great 
weight to induce presbytery to follow the suggestion, 
which they made, to allow him to withdraw from its 
jurisdiction, presbytery simply recording the fact and 
assigning his derangement as a reason for taking no 
further steps in his case. Accordingly, the following 
resolutions, presented by the Rev. A. J. Stansbury, were 
finally adopted: 

232 Third Presbyterian Church. 

11 Resulted, That this presbytery do not view the Rev. 
Hooper Gumming as a fit subject for discipline. 

Resolved, That the further prosecution of the libel 
now pending be dispensed with. 

Resolved, That the request of the Third Church, 
for Mr. Cumming's installation, be not granted." 

Before the adoption of a fourth resolution, declaring 
the presbytery no longer responsible for the acts of Mr. 
Gumming, Elder Hand presented a paper from the com- 
missioners of the Third Church, requesting, in the event 
of the refusal of the presbytery to install Mr. Gumming, 
that the said church and their pastor be regularly dis- 
missed from said presbytery; whereupon the church was 
regularly dismissed just about five months after its re- 
ception by that body; and respecting the corresponding 
request of Mr. Gumming it was "Resolved, That the Rev. 
Hooper Gumming, against whom certain charges have 
been preferred, but who, as this presbytery have probable 
grounds to believe, labors under a partial derangement 
of mind, and has for that reason been adjudged an unfit 
subject for discipline, be permitted, at his own request, to 
withdraw from all further connection with this pres- 
bytery; but that it is not-in the power of this presbytery 
to pfonounce him in regular standing, or to hold them- 
selves, in any wise, responsible for his future acts, either 
public or private." From this action, Mr. Gumming 
together with the elders and trustees of the Third Church 
appealed to the Synod of Albany, but without effect, 
although the course of the presbytery was not altogether 
approved by the superior judicatory. 

The result of the remarkable and painful trials, thus 
brought to a close, was to confirm, in the minds of a large 
and influential class of citizens, the impression which 
they had before received, and which can not now be re- 
sisted by the warmest surviving friends of Hooper Gum- 
ming when calmly and dispassionately recalling what 
they saw and knew of him, that he was in the habit of 
making a free use in the pulpit of other men's sermons, 
sometimes defending the habit to the extent to which he 

Third Presbyterian Church. 233 

was willing to acknowledge it, and sometimes denying it 
altogether. He undoubtedly, in one instance, published 
as his own a sermon of Dr. Nott's, and with few and 
unimportant variations. It is just as evident that Mr. 
Gumming indulged, to the injury of his fame and useful- 
ness, in intoxicating drinks; and certainly the most 
charitable light in which his conduct can be viewed is 
that he was not in all respects, at all times, perfectly 
himself, that he never wholly recovered from the violent 
shock which he must have experienced at the sight of 
the instantaneous and terrible death of the loved and 
lovely wife* of his youth. 

But shortly after his dismission from the Church of 
Schenectady, on the first sabbath, the third day of March, 
Mr. Gumming had assumed the charge of the Third 
Church of Albany, and notwithstanding the progress of 
the foregoing trials and the faults which they were 
gradually unfolding to the public gaze in his character, 
his preaching attracted constantly increasing numbers ot 
intelligent and enthusiastic hearers. The building, now 
the Bethel in Montgomery street, transferred by the old 
to the new church, was uniformly thronged. Long before 
the hour of service, of a sabbath morning or afternoon, 
the people might be seen flowing down Columbia street, 
and through Montgomery, like streams of water. In 
summer, the open windows would be full of earnest faces. 
The steps leading from the gallery into the attic were 
often crowded to the very ceiling. It was estimated that 
at least fifteen hundred souls attached themselves to Mr. 
Cumming's congregation, in the course of a few weeks, 
though not much more than half that number could be 
seated at the same time in his church. Nor did the tide 
of his popularity abate as rapidly as it rose. It continued 
without any perceptible diminution for three or four years, 
and, to the end of his ministry of six years in Albany, 
his house was uniformly full, though not at last over- 
flowing, whenever he officiated. His admirers, stoutly 

* Mrs. Gumming was precipitated from the Passaic Falls, while 
viewing them in company with her husband. 

234 Third Presbyterian Church. 

maintaining his temperance were nevertheless accustomed 
extravagantly to say, that, granting his intemperance, 
they would rather hear Hooper Gumming when drunk 
than any other man when sober; or, unable to blind their 
eyes to his inebriety, they would mournfully declare that, 
when he was in the pulpit it seemed as if he ought never 
to 'come out, and when out as if he ought never to go in. 

To account for such a triumph over the mighty 
obstacles which were thrown up before him, in part, at 
least, by his own hands, it is sufficient to remember Mr. 
Cumming's wonderful natural gifts; the manly beauty 
of his person, the indescribable melody of his voice, his 
perfect elocution and action, with which the severest 
critic could find no fault, his by no means inferior in- 
tellectual powers, and the delicate susceptibility of his 
emotions and passions answering ever spontaneously and 
promptly to the demands of all the various subjects 
which might occupy his' mind. Besides, he received a 
finished literary and theological education. He was a 
pupil and resided in the family and listened to the 
preaching of the celebrated Dr. Griffin, one of the 
greatest pulpit orators which this country lias produced; 
and Dr. Griffin testifies that he was at that time "more 
beloved than any young man he ever knew," that." his 
very servants idolized him," that he was " most amiable 
in his disposition and correct in his conduct. " Of 
course, there is every reason for believing that he dili- 
gently improved his unequaled advantages. His native 
ease and grace of manner, and all his social qualities, 
were cultivated in the best of families, while his affec- 
tions were directed to their most worthy object, and his 
imagination and understanding were replenished and 
expanded, and invigorated with their most healthful 
aliment, by one who was alike the attraction and the 
ornament of the domestic circle and the house of God. 

But by far the most extraordinary effect of Hooper 
Cumming's preaching is more difficult to be explained. 
The Associate Reformed Church, at the time it became 
the Third Presbyterian Church, consisted of forty-four 

Third Presbyterian Church. 235 

members whose names appear on the catalogue already 
given. To these were added, at the first administration 
of the Lord's Supper, June 22, 1817, twenty on cer- 
tificate from the First Presbyterian. Church, seven on 
certificate from other churches, and eight on confession 
of their faith. Thus the new church began with seventy- 
nine members. From this beginning, the number of 
communicants increased, in two years and seven months, 
to two hundred and seven, of whom one hundred and 
forty-Jive had never before made a profession of religion. 
That is, more than fifty newly converted persons had 
thus far been added annually to the church through the 
instrumentality of Mr. Gumming; and this too in the 
use of the ordinary means of grace, before the day of 
protracted meetings and winter revivals. For six years, 
in no instance were less than four at once admitted on 
confession to the sacrament of the Lord's supper; it was 
quite a matter of course to see eight or ten sitting down 
together for the first time at the Lord's table; and the 
largest number received on the same occasion was thirty- 
three. To within six months of the close of Mr. Cum- 
ming's ministry in Albany, his church seems to have 
been constantly in a state of wholesome religious vitality 
and growth. Two hundred and fifteen in all were 
gathered out of the world under his preaching, during 
the period of six years, or an annual average of between 
thirty and forty. Nor is there a particle of evidence 
that they were unduly solicited to name the name of 
Christ, or that when they applied for the privilege of 
bearing his cross it was granted without a careful ex- 
amination of their Christian knowledge and experience. 
The Third Church was guarded by faithful elders, Isaac 
Lucas, William Meadon, and Aaron Hand, elected June 
3, 1817, and ordained June 8, 1817, the last two of whom 
were " counted worthy of double honor" both for their 
preeminent fitness and their successful efforts to ' ' rule 
well." They were men of piety and discretion. Mr. 
Meadon had been educated for the ministry, and seems 
to have been admirably qualified to probe the conscience 
[Annals, vi.] 21 

236 Third Presbyterian Church. 

and test the principles of those whose religious character 
it was his office to judge; and both the elders and pastor 
attended regularly to the catechetical and scriptural 
instruction of the youth of the congregation. Besides, 
not a few, who traced their decisive religious impressions 
to Hooper Gumming, have died, giving every desirable 
token of the genuineness of their interest in the truth 
as it is in Jesus, and others yet remain whose walk and 
conversation none can censure. To account for this 
perhaps unprecedented phenomenon, some may think it 
enough to say that God blesses his W.ord whosoever 
preaches it, an angel of light or an angel of darkness. 
But others will hesitate to prescribe limits to divine grace, 
and will leniently rank Hooper Gumming with Noah and 
Peter, whose faith failed not though Satan gained an 
advantage over them in his desire to have them. It will 
ever seem to many, while they live, that Hooper Cum- 
ming's sins were palliated by his shattered reason, that 
under different circumstances with different treatment he 
would not have been so easily overcome by them, that 
in spite of them he was a sincere and humble disciple of 
Him who came to seek and save the chief of sinners, 
and an honest, fervent preacher of the glorious gospel. 
Two hundred and fifteen souls, or as many of them as 
ma}' reasonably be supposed to have been born again, 
the fruit of one man's ministry during the brief period of 
six years, will shine as a diadem of precious jewels in 
heaven. Is it forbidden to mortals, the best of whom 
can only be redeemed by grace, to hope that he who, 
notwithstanding all his faults, was employed to fabricate 
such a diadem may be there to wear it? At all events, 
it may be wise for the most sober, exemplary minister of 
our day, before condemning Hooper Gumming, to ask 
himself if he is quite sure that he would not have yielded 
to the same insidious and incessant temptations. That 
man must know himself well, or not at all, who would 
expose himself without a misgiving to the social usages 
of the past generation; and that man, who, thus exposed 
and still maintaining his integrity, should refuse or for- 

Third Presbyterian Church. 237 

get to ascribe the praise to a higher than human power, 
would but evince the self righteousness of the Pharisee 
instead of the self indulgence of the glutton or the wine- 
bibber, the former sin certainly not less odious than the 
latter in the sight of the Searcher of Hearts. 

Mr. Gumming resigned the charge of the Third Church, 
in May 1823, in order to accept a call to the United Pres- 
byterian Church in the city of New York; where, after 
preaching a few years more, his health became seriously 
impaired, and, hoping to derive benefit from a milder 
climate, he visited Charleston, South Carolina, only tc 
die, a stranger at an inn, and to find a stranger's grave. 

As might have been expected, the congregation of the 
Third Church began at once to diminish, upon the resigna- 
tion of Hooper Gumming, by the departure of those who 
had been drawn together solely by his personal attrac- 
tions. Other causes, moreover, had before begun, and 
thenceforth continued, to operate against its prosperity. 
The location of its house of worship became every year 
less and less eligible. A frequent change of pastors was 
the consequence and aggravation of some evils, and the 
occasion of more. Although the church, from time to 
time, especially under the ministry of the " beloved" 
Williams, whose influence over the young wa"s equally 
powerful and salutary, received signal tokens of the divine 
favor, yet on the whole it declined till 1835, when upon 
the resignation of the Rcy. Wm. James, D. D , it was 
supposed by many to be "as goou as dead." But from 
that extremity of its desolation k began slowly to recover. 
In 1844, the resolution was taken to erect, on CliniuII 
Square, a new house of worship, of which the corner- 
stone was laid in July of that year. This house, which 
with the lot cost about twenty-four thousand dollars, was 
dedicated Dec. 3, 1845. For the means of accomplishing 
what was to them a great work, and, in the judgment of 
wise men familiar with their resources, not barely hazar- 
dous but impossible, the people of the Third Church are 
deeply indebted to the countenance and liberality of the 
pastors and people of the First and Second Churches and 

'238 Third Presbyterian Church. 

of other citizens. The voluntary and unexpected and 
successful effort of the Hon. Greene C. Bronspn, and 
Thomas W. Olcott, Esq., to collect two thousand dollars 
in order to liquidate the floating debt by which the 
church was embarrassed upon the completion of its new 
edifice, will ever be gratefully remembered. At that 
time the church was left under a mortgage of six thousand 
dollars, which, in 1850, was reduced to twenty-five hund- 
red dollars. 

The first of the preceding discourses contains the 
writer's view of the present condition and prospects of 
the Third Presbyterian Church, granting to its members 
only "faith and a good conscience" with the blessing of 
God. On account of its long-continued reverses, there 
are those who occasionally indulge and express the hea- 
then superstition that the connection of this church with 
Hooper Gumming is a blight and a curse upon it. It is 
true indeed that God will visit the iniquities of the fathers 
upon the children unto the third and fourth generation 
of them that hate him. But God himself likewise 
declares, that if his people of any generation walk in his 
fear, loving and serving Him with all their heart, they 
shall never have reason to take up the proverb, "The 
fathers haVe eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth 
are set on edge." Both fathers and children shall die 
each in their own personal iniquities, or live each in 
their own personal righteousness, the righteousness which 
is by faith in Jesus Christ. Of all that generation which 
provoked Go^ if provocation it must be called by their 
*l*7Gtion to his worthy or unworthy ambassador, hardly a 
Caleb and a Joshua survive. A new generation, guiltless 
of that transgression, has arisen which none but Moabites 
would exclude from the land of promise, and in that land 
none but Philistines would distress and destroy them. 
They haye,ajl needful tokens that their brethren around 
them look hopefully upon them, follow them with good 
wishes ^ncfrdelight to encourage them in the "work and 
labor of -iov'ev 9 .* Their long experience, albeit in "the 

waste, Soiling /'wilder ness," assures them that their 


Third Presbyterian Church. 239 

faithful and unchanging God," who has "led them about, 
instructed them and kept them as the apple of his eye" 
to this day, "will never leave nor forsake" them. 

After Mr. Gumming was dismissed, the Third Church 
applied, in July, 1823, to be readmitted into the Pres- 
bytery of Albany, and was received with parental for- 
giveness and kindness by that reverend body, to which 
it has since commended itself as a peaceful, affectionate 
and obedient child. Never infected by " divers and 
strange doctrines," never indulging any other hope for 
the world than "the faith once delivered to the saints," 
this church can appeal to its history for proof of its 
unwavering attachment to the confession and order and 
discipline of the great evangelical denomination to which 
it belongs. 

Seven hundred and twelve members have been admitted 
to the communion of the Third Church since its organiza- 
tion; two hundred and seventy-four on certificate from 
other churches, and four hundred and thirty-eight on 
confession of their faith. There are now on its roll one 
hundred and ninety-four, of whom about one hundred and 
fifty are residents in Albany, and in "good and regular 
standing." It is known that seven members of this church 
have become ministers of the gospel: Thomas McAuley, 
John Yeomans, Chauncey Webster, James Harlow, Aaron 
Hicks Hand, Charles Huntington and Joel Huntington, 
the last of whom was the first to be taken away. The 
rest are still living. 

The contributions of the Third Church, since 1844, 
have been, for its own purposes, and not including aid 
received in building from other churches, $26,680; for 
other benevolent objects, since 1838, $7900. Previous 
to the foregoing dates, records of contributions are im- 

240 Third Presbyterian Church. 


Rev. Joseph Hulbert, ordained and installed, Oct. 29, 
1823; dismissed, Oct. 8, 1824. 

Rev. John Alburtiss, installed, Jan. 12, 1825; dismissed, 
June 3, 1828. 

Rev. William II. Williams, ordained and installed, Dec. 
9, 1828; dismissed, Sept. 9, 1830. 

Rev. William Lochead, installed Feb. 2, 1831; dis- 
missed, Oct. 22, 1833. 

Rev. William James, D. D., installed the 2d Wednesday 
in March 1834; dismissed, Feb. 6, 1835. 

Rev. Ezra A. Huntington, D. D., ordained and in- 
stalled, Feb. 9, 1837; dismissed, Jan. 10, 1855. 


Isaac Lucas, ordained, June 8, 1817. 
William Meadon, ordained, June 8, 1817. 
Aaron Hand, ordained, June 8, 1827. 
Sylvanus B. Pond, ordained, January 18, 1829. 
Charles A. Keeler, ordained, April 21, 1833. 
Anthony Gould, ordained, April 21, 1833. 
James Hartness, ordained, February 22, 1835. 
Isaac P. Hand, ordained, February 22, 1835. 
John Rodgers, ordained, October 6, 1838. 
Austin H. Wells, ordained, April 28, 1850. 
William B. Sims, ordained, February 19, 1854. 
Sumner C. Webb, ordained, February, 19, 1854. 

The last four constitue the present Session. 


Elected Jan. 27, 1817. John McLachlan (pres.), Wm. 
Eaton, Joseph Fry, Isaac Lucas, James Warren, John 
Shaw, Hugh Humphrey,* James Gumming, John Wade. 

Feb. 9, 1818. Isaac Hempstead (pres,), Joseph T. 
Rice, Peter Wendell, G. V. Z. Bleecker, John T. B. Gra- 
ham, Peter Bain. 

*Mr. Humphrey was elected president of the board in 1838, and 
has held that position until the present year. 

Third Presbyterian Church. 241 

Feb. 3, 1819. John V. N. Yates. 

Feb. 3, 1821. Robt. Dunlop (pres.), Matth. Gregory. 

Feb. 3, 1822. Jonah Scovil (pres. 1824-30). 

Feb. 3, 1823. Erastus Corning, Jasper S. Keeler. 

Feb. 6, 1826. Hezekiah Scovil, Isaac McMurdy, Icha- 
bod L. Judson* (pres. 1855), David S. Gregory, William 
Gould (pres. 1831-37), Sylvanus B. Pond, Elijah Brain- 

1828. Lemuel Pierce. 

1829. Joseph Davis.* 

1830. Daniel Carmichael, David Woodworth. 

1831. Thomas Wright. 

1833. James Hartness, Elisha Crane, James Robison. 

1834. James Savage. 

1835. William Muir. 

1836. Erastus Rindge, David Deyo, John Rodgers. 

1837 George Traver. 

] 838. John Stone. 

1839. Parker Sargent, John W. Cluett, Geo. Water- 

1841. Anthony Fisk.* 

1842. Charles Frothingham.* 

1845. William Tillinghast,* Francis M. Stone. 

1847. David P. Page, John Pemberton*. 

1850. Thomas V. S. Wheeler, Benjamin R. Spelman. 

1851. Allan T. Bennett.* 

1855. George H. Thatcher.* 

I. L Judson, President of the Board; Anthony Fisk, 
Treasurer; Hugh McCollum, Clerk. 

* Now in office. 



Continued from vol. v, p. 206. 

At a Comon Councill held in the Citty hall of Albany 
y e 5 April 1710. Present, Jno. Abeel, Hendk. Han- 
sen, Mynd 1 Schuyler, Ab: Cuyler, Ger 1 Roseboom, 
Coenraet Ten Eyck, Reyer Gerrits e , Bar 1 Sanders, 
Hend'k Roseboom, Joh's Sanders. 

Whereas wynant van Dr Pool makes -application to y e 
Cpmonalty to buy a ps. of ground Lying without this 
Citty Containing ab l 28 foot Long & 22 foot wyde have- 
ing on y e South y e gardin of his father melgert vandr 
Pool for wh. it is agreed by y e Comonalty y l y e s d wynant 
van Dr Pool shall pay unto y e mayor Record, aldermen 
and assistants of this Citty y e sum of five pounds currant 
money, and orderd y l a Release Shall be Granted unto y e 
s d wynant van Dr Pool & to his heirs & assigns for Ever 
for y e s d p 8 of ground 

This day agreed with melgert vander Poel Jun., 
wouter quackenbos Junr. gerrit van Ness Junr. and 
Abraham vandr Poel to set up all y e new Stockados of 
this Citty & to Digg y e Ditches in y e Space 26 days or 
y e first of may next as they shall Be Ordered by y e com- 
onalty, and are to have Every Stockado as they shall sett 
up four pence half penny to be paid be every Inhabitant 
who has Ryd Stockados. 

Daniel Ketelhuyn appears in the meeting who acqu'ts 
y e Comonalty that he hath Sold his Right and- title wh. 
he hath to land of Schaachtekook bought of this Citty to 
wouter quackenbos Jun'r & doth offer y e same to y e Com- 
monalty as he is oblidged to doe by his Indenture. 

The Comonalty haveing taken y e same unto Considera- 
tion and given y e s d Daniel Ketelhuyn Liberty to Dispose 
of y e s d Land to wouter quackenbos 

The City Records. 243 

It is resolved by y e Commonalty y l an Ordinance Shall 
be made for y e Ringing of hoggs and Cleaning the Streets 
of this Citty. 

April 13. It is Resolved by the Commonality that Mr. 
Hansen Do order that the passage of the water pond be- 
hynd Cap 1 Wessell Ten brooeks be Ledd Through the 
Stockadoes by Peter Poppy In order that it may further 
Sent Round the block bous & so down into the River 

It is further Resolved that Mr. Hend. Hansen Do order 
the making and Repareing the bridge att the Tan pitts.* 

April 19. It is Resolved by the Commonality the 
ald'man and Common Councell In Each ward Shall Ex- 
amine all the Inhabitants and others Rated to Ride 
Stockados for the fortifying the Said Citty according to 
Each his quota and to make Returne thereof the Next 

It is further Resolved that Mr. Gerrit Roseboom & 
Mr. Barent Sanderse be manigers and order the mending 
of the Citty Gates on the North side of the Citty above 
the Burger Blockhouse in good Repairs 

April 25. It is Resolved that such persons within 
this Citty who have delayed to Ride their quotaes of 
Stockadoes, shall be forthwith ordred to Ride y e same 
before y e 28th instant upon penalty of forfeiting for each 
stockadoe they shall longer delay y e sume of 3 shillings. 

The following letter being directed to ys body from y e 
president of her maj'es Councill at New York Viz 1 

Aprilly 6 llth 1710 

Gentlemen her Maj e having been pleased to revoke 
y e Commission formerly graunted by her to Coll In- 
goldsby to be Lieu 1 govern'r of ys province whereby the 
governm 1 of ye same is devolved upon me I have thought 
fitt to acquaint you 

Whereupon it Resolved that since the time of year is 
so that horses & waggons can not be gott to Ride new 
Stockadoes that therefore warning be given to Each 
Inhabitant of this Citty that they appear or send a suf- 
ficient man in their stead with axes or spades to Repair 
y e Citty Stockadoes by Removeing gone ones where y e bad 

244 The City Records. 

May 2. Mr. Hansen brings in an ace 1 of Charges for 
y e bridge at y e Tann pitts amounting to 3: 12: 9 
ordred that Cred 1 be given to ye severall persons on y e 
Citty book for y e same 

A proposal is made in Common Council! that Stone 
wells may be made in y e first and Second wards each one 
according to act of assembly which being putt to y e Vote 
y e Majority of votes are that as Requested wells should 
be made in said wards each one so that in y e first warde 
it be made about ten or twelve yards on y e East side 
of y e market house & that in y e Second warde to be 
made just on y e north side of y e Cros street opposite to 
y e house of gysbert marselis to which End Rob 1 Living- 
ston Jun'r Mynd 1 Schuyler Esq'rs Coonraet Ten Eyk & 
Ryer gerrittse assistance are appointed managers in y e 
first warde and abraham Cuyler gr l Roseboom Esq's 
aldermen barent Sanders hend'k Roseboom assistance 
be managers in y e second warde & y l y e same may actu- 
ally furnished warrants be Issued to y e assessors & y e 
money Collected to Defray y e s d charges before y e limita- 
tion of y e s d act 

July 5. The Comon Councill have ordered the Dep. 
Clerk to draw and put up at the Church door the follow- 
ing advertisement, viz 1 That the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the Citty of Albany shall Expose to Sale 
at a public vendue to the highest bidder, in the Citty Hall 
of y e s Citty on the 14 of this instant July, being Satur- 
day at 2 a Clock in the afternoon, five and twenty morgan 
or fifty acres of Land belonging to y" s d Citty, Lying on 
y e East Syde of Hudsons River, under y e west Syde of y e 
Schaahkooks hill, were the Buyer shall be willing to take 
y e same, Provided it be in one peece, together with free 
grazeing for Catle & wood for fencing and fuel. 

July 11. The Commonalty being Convened sent for 
Evert Ridder Citty Collector to come before them w h he 
did accordingly & was askt him whether he had received 
the money for setting up the Stockados of this Citty 
who Replyd he had not, and he desird that a sufficient 
warrant might be Issued to him for y e Collecting of y e s d 

The City Records. 245 

It was therefore orderd that the D. Clerke draw a 
warrant directed to y e s ri Evert Ridder Collector of y e s d 
Citty for the due Collecting of s d money & that the Com- 
monalty will assist those who sign y e s 1 warrant & bare 
the s d Collector harmless. 

July 15. Whereas the Commonalty of this Citty is 
Indebted unto the Patentees of Sarachtogue the sume of 
thirty Eight pounds 7 shillings (w h Runs on Intrest) for 
a release from them of Some Land now belonging to this 
Citty Lying near Schaachtekook, and they haveing now 
no money in Cash to descharge that Debt have therefore 
Resolved to sell the undermentioned Land to discharge 
the Same, on the following Condition (viz 1 ) 

The Mayor Aldermen <fc Comonalty of the City of 
Albany are designd to Expose to Sale to the highest Bid- 
der, twenty five morgan or fifty Acres of Land Belong- 
ing to the s [ Citty Situate Lying and Being on the East 
side of Hudson's river, under the west Syde of Schaah- 
tekooks hill, were the Buyer Shall be willing to take the 
Land there, provided it be in One peece, together with 
free grazeing for Catle, & to cutt and Gary away wood 
for fencing & fuel on y e s d Land only 

That the Person who is the highest Bidder of y 6 s d 
peece of Land Shall be Oblidged to give a Bond to the 
Commonalty with a sufficient Security for the money 
payable fourty Pounds thereof on or before y e ffifteenth 
day of Septemb. now next Ensueing, and the Remainder 
on or before the fifteenth of September one thousand 
seven hundred & eleven and for want of Such a Security 
the s d Land Shall be fild up again in vendue at the 
Charges of the Buyer, and if the Land Shall happen to 
be sould for Less y e buyer Shall be oblidged to pay the 
Same, if more he shall have no profitt thereof, a Con- 
veyance of the said Land Shall be given on y e 17th 
Instant By the Mayor of the said Citty in behalf of the 
Commonalty, with a reserve to give one Couple of fatt 
hens to y e Commonalty for the time being yearly for 

The buyer Shall be Oblidged to pay him who files the 
said Land up in vendue 

246 The City Records. 

Symon Danielse of Schinnechtady was the highest 
Bidder for y e s f[ peece of Land for the Sume of Sixty 
nine Pounds 

At a Common Councill held in the Citty hall of Albany 
the 4th of Aug 1 1710. Present, Robert Livingston 
Jun'r Recorder, Hend. Hansen, Mynd 1 Schuyler, 
Abr. Schuyler, Ger 1 Roseboom, ald'n, Coenraet Ten 
Eyk, Ryer Gerrittse, Barent Sanders, Tho. Harmense 
Jobs. D'wandelaer Jun'r, Hend: Roseboom, ass ts . 
It is Resolved that the following persons be appointed 
a Committee (viz 1 ) Gerrit Roseboom & Abraham Cuyler 
Esq'r Ald'n Barent Sanders & Ryer Gerritse .Assistants, 
to view the Cittys Accounts and also to view the Ac- 
counts due to this Citty concerning the Lycence money 
for those two years past and to Bring in their Report on 
y e 8th Instant, in the meane time it is orderd that a 
Billet be put on the Church Requiring all Persons who 
have any Account with this Citty to give in the Same to 
Mr. Anthony Bradt Citty Treasurer on or before the 7 inst. 
It is Resolved by the Commonalty that two wells 
Shall be made in y e first & Second wards of this Citty, 
Pursuant to the act of Gen'll Assembly of y e Colony of 
New York, Entituled an Act for y e Citty & County of 
Albany to pay y e arrears due to their Representatives, 
and for other uses, was therefore orderd that warrants 
Shall be Issued to the Severall Assessors of y e first and 
Second wards and one warrant to y e Collector of y e 
Citty for y e Levying fifteen Pounds in each of y e s d wards 
for Defraying y e Charge in making s d wells and y* y e as- 
Asses'rs bringtin their Estimate on or before y e 8th inst. 
It is further orderd that Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r Record'r 
mynd 1 Schuyler Esq'rs Coenraet Ten Eyk & Ryer Ger- 
ritse ass'ts be appointed managers for building y e well 
in y e first ward or any two of them, and also Gerrit 
Roseboom Abraham Cuyler Esq'rs Barent Sanders & 
hend Roseboom ass'ts be appointed managers for build- 
ing y e well in y e Second ward or any two of them 

The City Records. 247 

Att a Comon Councill held in y e Citty hall of Albany 
ye 8th of Aug'st 1710 

Whereas it is y e time now y l y e Comittee appointed on 
y e 4th Instant Should deliver in their report, & Since 
they have not done it, It is therefore orderd y 1 y e same 
be referd till the llth Instant to bring yn in an acc'o what 
this Citty is Indebted, and also an account of y e Lycence 
money for these two years Last past 

It is Resolved by y e Comonalty y l an adress Shall be 
drawn to Congratulate his Ex'lys Save arrivall to ys 
part of his Govern 1 and also to Represent y e present 
State & Condition of ys fronteer 

It is orderd y l a war 1 Shall be Issued to y c assessors of 
ys Citty to make an estimate of y e Estates of all y e In- 
habitants of y e said Citty and deliver y e same into y e 
Clerk's Office on or before y e 18th Instant und'r their 
hands and Seals. 

Aug. 11. Pursuant to y e Resolution of y e Comonalty 
on y e 8th Instant Concerning y e Comittee then appointed 
to bring in an account what this Citty is Indebted, who 
have delivered y e same now, & find thereby that y p S 1 
Citty is one hundred and nine pounds Indebted. 

Aug. 26. Pursuant to y p Resolution of y e Comonalty 
on y e 8 Instant to y e ass'rs of this Citty who have 
accordingly Brought in an Estimate of y e said Citty 
amounting to 5834 & Layd 3d on ye comes to 72 , 
18 : 6, have therefore orderd y 1 y e Tax Lists shall be 
drawn over & a warrant to y e Coll'r of y e s d Citty for 
y e due Collecting of y e same on or before y e 20 of Sept. 
next, in order y l he may then pay y e s ' money to anthony 
Bradt Citty Treasurer 

It is Resolved y l a Comittee be appointed to form an. 
adress to be given in to y e Assembly setting forth y e Con- 
dition of y e Citty and how y e Comonalty have Subplyd 
this Garrison with fire wood Since y" first of May last, 
y e Comittee are hend'k Hansen, mynd 1 Schuyler ab :. 
Cuyler Esq'rs & Coenraet Ten Eyk & make a return 
thereof on y e 2 of Septemb'r next 

[Annals, vi.] 22 

248 The City Records. 

Att a Mayors Court held in y 6 Citty hall of Albany 
the 19th of Sep'r, 1710 

Whereas melgert van der [Poel] Late of y e Citty of 
albany Gunstockmaker dec d did Some time before his 
death by deed of Gift and Conveyance give and Convey 
unto his Six Children (viz 1 ) melkert van der poel, mary 
van der poel, Trinke van der poel, abraham van der 
poel, wynant van der poel, & ariantie van der poel, a 
negro man Called Lot & a negro girle Called Eva, his 
saw mill on the Beavers Creek, his house in y e Citty of 
Albany fronting the fort and a Lott of Ground on y 6 
South *Syde of y e Citty as by deed of Gift & Conveyance 
may appear, and whereas this day Application hath been 
made to us by all y e Children afores d (ariantie only 
Excepted who was absent, tho' due notice given her) 
that they might have directions from us (in her absence) 
to have y e s d reall & personall Estate appraised & Sould 
so that each Child might Receave his or her Sixth Equall 
part of y e moneys ariseing from Such Sale, we haveing 
taken y e Same into Consideration, thinking that it would 
be a hardship that y e absence or neglect of y e s d arrian- 
tie, Should hinder y e rest from Comeing to their just 
parts of y e s d Reall &; personall Estate given and Con- 
veyd as Afores d , and at the same time Resolving & 
intending as farr as in us Lyes to Secure to y e s d arriantie 
her Equall Sixth part of the moneys arising by Such 
Sale, have thought fitt, that the said Reall and Personall 
Estate be appraized by Stephanus Groesbeek, manus 
Wendell, and Johannis vinhagen of y e s' 1 Citty, they 
being first Sworn to make a true apraizernent of the 
Same Provided always that the afores d Children of y e s d 
melgert van der poel do pay and Satisfy the Appraizors 
for their Trouble & pains, & that y e s d Appraizement be 
Return'd into y e next mayors Court under the hand & 
seals of y e s l apprayzors & y l y e s d appraizors when y e 
afors d Estate Shall be Sould Shall Receive for & on Be- 
half of y e s d ariaentie her Equall Sixth part of y e money 
ariseing from Such Sale, and pay y e Same to her when 
She shall at Any time after give them a Sufficient dis- 

The City Records. 249 

charge for the Same, and we do think fitt that the Said 
Negro's house mill & Lott of ground be Sould according 
the s d appraizement or for as much more as may be But 
not Less. Given under our hands at Albany this fifteenth 
. day of September in y e ninth year of her maj's Reigne 
annoqD 1710 



Alsoo wy undergeschr : geappenteert syn van de heere 
magistrate mayor & aldermans der Stadt Albany, om te 
Pryseere het huys, 1 sagh moole, 2 thuyn, neeger and 
negerin van Melgert Wynantse van der Poel, geweesene. 
So Denke wy het voor sherve huys & Erf waerdigh te 
zyn de summa van - . 130 

De sagh moole d summe van 60 

De Thuyn d sume van - 8 

De neger d sume van ..... 65 

De negerin d suma van - - 35 

Albany, Sept. 18, 1710. 298 

Was signed 



[The above is an appraisal of the estate of Melgert son 
of Wynant Vanderpael, consisting of a house and lot, a 
saw mill, a quit rent and a negro man and woman.] 

Albany 14th Octo br 1710. 

This day being appointed by the Charter of the Citty 
of Albany, for the Aldermen, Assistance, Constables & 
Chamberlain of the Citty to be Sworne who are as fol- 
lows Viz 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler Anthony Van Schaick 

Harmanus Wendell John Lansen 

250 The City Records. 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Abraham Culler Hend: Roseboom 

Garret Roseboom Barent Sanders. 

Third Ward. , 

Abraham Schuyler Derick Brat 

Wessell Ten brook John Prym 

Constables that were Chosen viz : Claas Van Woort 
1st ward, Derick Van Scherline 2d ward, Lenerd Gansi- 
Toort 3d ward 

John Delemont Chosen High Constable 
Antony Brat Chamberlain 

Att a common Council held in the Citty hall of Albany 
the 24th of. November 1710 

This day Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor & John 
uyler Esq'r record'r of this Citty were Sworn accord- 
ing to the Intent of the Charter of this Citty and Thomas 
Williams Esq'r high Sherrif of this Citty & County in 
Like manner 

It is resolved by the Comonalty that Mr Anthony 
Eradt Citty Treas'r Shall Lay before them on Tuesday 
next in y e Citty hall of Albany at teen a Clock in the 
morning an account what he has rec'd of y e Late Citty 
Tax and also of other Lycence money w h he has rec d 

Ord'rd that Evert Ridder Collector of this Citty be 
warned to appear in the Citty hall of this Citty on Tues- 
day next at teen a Clock in the morning to give an 
account what he has Collected payd to the Citty 
Treas'r of the last Citty Tax 

Rob 1 Livingston Jr Esq'r mayor of this Citty Received 
of John Abeel Esq Late may'r of y e s d Citty the Papers 
& writings belonging to this Citty as y e s d Abeel has 
rec ' y e Same of Evert Banker Esq'r 

At a Comon Councill held In the Citty hall of Albany 
the 28th of Novemb'r 1710. Present R l Livingston 
J'r Esq'r may'r J's Cuyler Esq'r Record'r David 
Schuyler Wess: Ten Broek' Ger 1 Roseboom Ab: 

The City Records. 251 

Cuyler Ab : Schuyler Har : Wendell, Aldermen; 
Hend: Roseboom Bar 1 Sanders Job's Lansing Job's 
Pruyn Dirk Bradt, Assistants \ 

Pursuant to an ord'r of the Comon Councill of tbe 
24th Instant Evert Ridder Collector of this Citty Lays 
before this Comonalty an account of what money he has 
Received from Severall Inhabitants of this Citty for 
Setting up of Stockados wh doth amount lo ,29 : 8 wh 
is Repayd by ord'r of Comon Councill as folio weth viz 1 
To wouter quackenboss Jr & Comp" for 

Setting up of the Stockados - - 23: 5:10 
To Joh s Otthoudt & J 3 woodcook - - 1:10:2 
To Joseph Jansen ... 5 

To William Gysbertse - - -1:1:9 

ToPrwinne - - - 0:1:6 
Cor:Maese- - - 2:3 

M r Abeel - - - 5:9 

Wm. Gysbertse - - - 3:9 

Winant van den Bergh 3 

Anthony Bradt ... 3 

K: V: Renselaer - - 4:6 

Luykas Luykase - 2:3 

To Evert Ridder for 1 Ba ll Beer 

& his Salary - - 1:18:3 

3: 4: 3 


It is Resolved by the Comonalty that the following 
ordinance Shall be publisht for the Prohibiting the Sell- 
ing of Strong Liquors by Retaile Till duely Lycenced & 
is as followeth viz 1 

By y e Mayor, aldermen and Comonalty of the Citty of 

An Ordinance 

Whereas divers Persons of this Citty do Presume to Sell 
drink by retaile without Lycence to the Great Damage 
of the Comon Profitt of y e s d Citty, we do therefore 
hereby Publish and Prohibite that no Person or Persons 
Inhabiting within the Citty and County of Albany Shall 

252 The City Records. 

directly or Indirectly Sell to Either Christian or Indian 
any Sort of Strong Liquor without being Duly Lycenced 
under Pain and Penalty of forfieting for Every Such 
Offence the Surne of forty Shillings one half thereof for 
the Behoofe of y e s^ Citty & y e other half for y 6 Sherrif 
who is to Sue for y e Same Given in Albany the 28 of 
nov in the ninth year of her maj os Reign A D 1710 

It is also Resolved that the following Persons be 
appointed fire masters to Serve for the Ensueing year 
viz 1 

First Ward. Second Ward. 

Johan's van Hoese Job's Groesbeek 

Casper van Hoese melg 1 vand r Poel 

Third Ward. 
Jan Evertse Adriaen Othoudt 

Who are to view y e Chimneys & fire Places in this Citty 
every fortnight dureing this winter and once Every month 
in the Summer, & where Ever they Shall find any fire 
kept near any Straw or hay or Stable they Shall Cause 
the Same to be removed where any Chimney Shall be 
found fowl or fire kept Dangerous to fine the Owner 
thereof in the Sume of Six Shillings to be recovered for 
the use of the s' 1 fire masters 

The following Persons are Appointed by the Comon- 
alty for Surveyors to Serve for the Ensueing year (viz 1 ) 

First Ward. Second Ward. 

Wm Hogan Bar 1 Ten Eyk 

Claes wyngaert Joh s vinhagen 

Third Ward. 

Wm Gysbertse Tho. Harmense 

and that warrant be directed to them to officiate their 
respective Offices 

Orderd that Harmanus wendell aid & Joh's Lansing 
ass 1 be appointed to view the Citty gates in ord r that 
the Same may be mended 

It is Resolved by the Comonalty that whosoever of the 
s d Comonalty as neglect to give attendence in Comon 
Councill on the hour appointed after notice given Shall 

The City Records. 253 

forfeit for Each Such offence the Sume of three Shillings 
for the use of the Comonalty, w'h Said forfeiture in Case 
of Refusall Shall be Levyed as the Comonalty Shall 
think fitt 

It is orderd that notice Shall be given by an advertise- 
ment to be put up at the Church that All persons who 
have any account with this Citty do bring y m to Mr 
Anthony Bradt Citty Treasurer on or before the 12 of 
Decemb'r next 

Dec. 2. This day agreed with Dan'll Bradt to deliver 
Candles for the Burger guards till the 14th of October 
1711 for nine pence a pound 

Dec. 12. It* is Resolved by the Comonalty that three 
large lathers & three Small ones with Iron hoecks & three 
large poles Shall be made for the use and at the Charge 
of this Citty and that the old Lathers & Poles be brought 
to Mr Mayors 

The Comonalty being informed that the night guards 
in this Citty are not mounted nor kept, have resolved 
that Job's Cuyler Esq'r record'r Wes:Ten Broek & Ab: 
Schuyler Esq'r ald'n do acquaint Coll Pr Schuyler there- 
with So y l the Said Guards may be Settled and Kept 

Dec. 18. Whereas it is ommitted to give an Indenture 
to Symon Danielse of 25 morgan of Land Sold to him 
in Publick vendue by the Comonalty on the 15th of July 
last for y e sume of 69 

It is therefore orderd that an Indenture Shall be drawn 
of the s d peece of land to y e s d Symon Danielse 

The Comonalty have this day Sold five morgan or 10 
acres of land belonging to this Citty of Albany to Symon 
Danielse of Schinnechtady for the Sume of twelf pounds 
to be paid on or before the 15th day of Septemb'r 1712, 
Scituate Lying and being on the East Syde of hudsons 
river over ag'st David Ketelhuyn's & beginning at a 
Creek, and so up the River 300 paces and then in y e 
woods till it takes in 5 morgan or 10 acres of land 

It is Resolved by y e Comonalty y l a warrant Shall be 
Issued to the Asses'rs of this Citty for y e assessing 200 
load of fire wood for y e night guards of this Citty on y e 

254 The City Records. 

Inhabitants of y e s 1 Citty, and that they bring an Esti- 
mate thereof und'r their hands and seals in the Clerks 
office on or before the 22 Instant 

Dec. 26. Pursuant to the resolution of the Comonalty 
on y" 18th Instant the ass'rs of y e Citty of Albany have 
delivered the Estimate in the Clereks office of 200 load 
of firewood for y e burger guards wh. the Comonalty have 
Examind and disapprove the Same, and orderd y 1 a war- 
rant be Issued to the said Assessors for the Equally 
assessing & Rateing y e Inhabitants of this Citty for 300 
Load of wood for y e s' 1 Gaurds & bring Such Estimate 
in the Clerks office under their hands & Seals on or be- 
fore fry day next 

It is Resolved that Cap 1 Johannis Bradt be warnd by 
the Sherrif to Infence his lott of ground in this Citty on 
the Corner opposite to Joh's D'wandlaers On or before 
the 29th Instant on his Perrall 

Dec. 29. This day the mayor aldermen & Comonalty 
of this Citty paid unto the Patentees of Sarachtoque 
thirty Ei^ht Pounds thirteen Shillings and 2 : 10 for 
Interest of S d money it being what remained due to them 
for a Release of Some lands now belonging to this Citty 

According to the order of the Comonalty on the 26 
Instant the Ass'rs of this Citty have delivered their 
Estimates in the Clerks Office of 300 Load of fire wood, 
wh. they do Approve of and the s d Estimates to be drawne 
over by the Clerk 

Resolved by the Comonalty y 1 y e Inhabitants of the 3d 
ward Ride their proportion of wood between this and the 
13th of January next and the first ward from y l time to 
the 27th do. and y e 2 d ward from y e 27 January to the 
11 feb. next Ensueing 

Dec. 30. Whereas we are credibly Informd y l y e sol- 
diers of this garrison Lodged in y e blockhouses have not 
only Cut downe the Stockados & battaries of this Citty 
but also distroyd Severall fences without the same, and 
understanding y l his Ex'ly has directed y e Command : to 
furnish fire wood, have thought fitt to Enquire thereinto 
& accordingly Sent for Cap 1 weemes who informs us 

The City Records. 255 

that he has taken the necessary Care for fire wood & 
agreed wth Severall persons to furnish y e Same (viz 1 ) 
with francis winne for 300 load wood, Cornelis Scher- 
merhoorn for 100 do for y e fort and with Coll P. Schuyler 
and'rs Janse & Jacob pearsen for to furnish the block- 
houses, but upon further Inquire therein Mr. Winne 
affirms that he is not actually agreed, it is therefore Re- 
solved that the following letter be Sent to his Ex'ly viz 1 

May it please your Excellency 

we y e Comonalty of y e Citty of albany lay hold on ys. 
uppertunity to Salute yr. Ex'ly & wh. all do presume to 
make known y l notwithstanding yr. Ex'lys care (as we 
understand) in directing y e Comand'r of her maj'es 
garrison here to provide fire wood for y e fort and block- 
houses where her maj'es Sold's are lodged in they in 
want thereof do Cut downe y e Stockados & batteries of 
ys Citty destroy peoples fences without y e same & likewise 
take firewood where it can be found, wh doth not only lay 
open the fortifications of this Citty & render it defence- 
less, but tends to the great grievance of the Inhabitants 
therein, do therefore hope that by yr. Ex'lys further 
directions to him Care may be taken to Prevent y e like 
grievances & any Complaints for the future & do take 
leave to subscribe our self Y r Excellencys 

most humbl Serv'ts 

In Mayor's Court, Jan. 23, 1811. 

Henry Holland by his attorney John Collins Plentive 
Nanning Harmense visher Defend 1 

Mr. Collins attorney for the Plentive moves to the 
Court that the said Nanning Harmense visher defend 1 
Shall be nunsuited being he has not Enterd his Plea in 
the Clerks Office 

The Court have taken the Same into Consideration do 
nonsuite him accordingly, & that he pays Cost of Suite 

The Court adjourned till this day forthnight 

In Common Council, Feb. 5, 1711. 
It is orderd by the Comonalty [that] billets for fire 

256 The City Records. 

wood of the first & Second wards of this Citty Shall [be] 
drawn & given to the Constables to the End that the 
Inhabitants of S 1 wards and those of y e 3 d ward who 
have not Ryde their quota of wood for the night guards 
of the s d Citty, that they Ryde their Severall quotas as 
aforesaid on or before the 12th of this Instant, on pain 
& penalty to forfeit three Shillings for Every Load of 
wood that Shal not be Ryd & brought to y e s d guard, for 
behoofe of y e s d Comonalty who are to Sue for the Same 
and that the Cryer give notice hereof and that every one 
most Enter of what they Ryde to Mr. Barent Sanders to 
whom a List of all what Shall be ryde is to be given 

March 16. Jacob Lansing of y e Citty of Albany de- 
livers in a Petition to this meeting wh. is as followeth viz 1 

To the worshipfull mayor Recorder aldermen & Comon- 
alty of the Citty of Albany 

The humble Petition of Jacob Lansing of the Citty of 
Albany Humbly Sheweth 

Whereas your Petitioner has a Lott of ground on y e 
north side of this Citty of Albany and is willing to make 
a considerable arrectment thereon, and y e s d Lott not 
haveing it breath in y e -front according to y e reare to 
build in a regular way, your petitioner desires your 
worships be pleased to sell three four or five feet adjoin- 
ing to y e north side of s ' Lott in the front with a taper 
Line from j" front to the just Extent bounds in y e reare 
& your Petitioner is willing to pay a reasonable Sume 
for the Same and your Petitioner as in duty bound Shall 

The Comonalty have taken y e s d Petition unto Con- 
sideration and do refer the same till the next meeting & 
y l in y e mean time the S d ground Petitioned for be 

It is Resolved by the Comonalty that Six or Seven 
Carters be Lycenced for this Citty of Albany, that they 
and no other Shall ryde unless so Lycenced & that they 
Enter into a bond for the due execution of that office, 

It is further Resolved that they are to have for Ryde- 

The City Records. 257 

ing a freight of dry goods, wheat bread flower wood 
Stone, &c three pence, .for a pipe of wine a hh d rum 
Malasses & Tobacco nine pence and for a tierce of rum 
&c fourpence half penny and for a Bale of Strowds Duf- 
fels Blankets and of Dry Goods Sixpence 

In Mayor's Court, March 20, 1711. 

Whereas William Gysbertse & Samuel Doxsie themselfs 
& Joseph Jansen appear to the Court & desire the favour 
of them to be appointed Carters for this Citty of Albany 
& also Porters joyntly with William Hollie wh. was 
graunted to them by the Court Provided that they be 
duly Lycenced & give bond with Sufficient Security for 
y e performance of their respective offices, and pay what- 
soever be Damnifyd or lost by their neglect 

It is Resolved that the Porters of this Citty Shall 
take demand and Receive the following fees for their 
service, and no more (viz 1 ) for a hoxhead of rum and 
wine Eighteen pence for a tierce of y e Same tvvelf pence 
a barrel nine pence, a hh d of Tobacco nine pence a hox- 
head of molasses Eighteen pence a bale of Duffels 
blanket Strouds Sixpence and for a barrel of Syder 
three pence three farthings ajid all other goods & liqours 

In Common Council, March 31, 1711. 
Waghalrawat Sacharn of Scahtekook Indians for him- 
self and In behalf of the other Indians appeard In 
Comon Couricel Dcsireing our assistance to plowe Some 
Land for them there at Scahtekook to plant Corne the 
Comonality takeing his Request Into Consideration 
Doe Resolve that Some farmer be hyred as soon as pos- 
sible and that there be plowed five Days with one plow 
for the benefitt of Said Indians at Scahtekook and that 
the plower be satisfied and paid by the said Citty three 

In Mayors's Court, April 3, 1811. 
It is orderd that the following ordinance be publisht 

258 The City Records. 

By the mayor Recorder & Comonalty of the Citty of 
Albany, An Ordinance 

Whereas Severall prsons in this Citty do prsume to 
retaile and use manuall occupations without they being 
made freemen of y e s Citty, It is therefore hereby Pub- 
lish'd & declard y* no prson or prsons Shall hereafter 
Expose to Sale By retaile any wares or merchandize by 
thernselts or any other prson or prsons whatsoever or 
use any trade mystery or manuall Occupation in y e S d 
Citty & Liberties thereof, unless he or they Shall have 
his or their freedom and by actual Dwellers & Inhabit- 
ants of y e Citty afores d on Such pains and penalty as the 
Charter of y e S d Citty directs for the behoof of y e Sher- 
rif or any other p'son that Shall Sue for y e Same. Given 
in Albany ye 3d of Ap'll in y e 10th year of her maj'ts 
Reign AmioqD 1711 

Then the Court adjourned till this day 14 night 

In Common Council, April 3, 1711. 

By virtue of an act of Gen'l Assembly of the Colony 
of New York Entituled an act for Repairing of the block 
houses, plat forms, and^other y e fortifications of the Citty 
of Albany and town of Schaennechtady in the said 
County It is orderd that warrants Shall be Issued to 
the Assessors of the first & Second ward of this Citty 
for the Equally Assessing of all & Every the Inhabit- 
ants of y e s d Citty and Deliver Such ^Estimate under 
their hands & Seals in y e Clerks office on or before y 6 
fifth Instant 

April 7. It is resolved by the Comonalty that two 
wooden wells Shall be made in the first & Second wards 
of this Citty, and that there Shall be raisd for Defraying 
the Charge of the S d wells in Each ward twenty pounds 
to be paid by the Inhabitants of y e s d wards in Proportion 
as Every one Lives near to the Said wells, and that the 
wells in the first ward Shall Stand Sixty yards from the 
house of Evert wendell down the Street on the South 
side of the gutter, and the well to be made in the Second 
ward Shall Stand about the middle of the Street over 

The City Records. 259 

against the house of Gysbert marselis & william Jacobse 
It is further Resolved that a warrant Shall be directed 
to the Assessors of y e s f[ first & Second wards to make 
Such an Assessment in Proportion as Afores d and De- 
liver the Same under their hands & Seals into the Clerks 
office on or before [no date is specified] David Schuyler 
& harmanus wendell Esq'rs being appointed managers 
with Job's Lansing & Anthony van Schaick, to procure 
workmen & materialls for makeing y e well in y e first ward 

April 10. Whereas Daniel Killie has taken in part* 
of y e land behind his house being the queen high way, 
It is therefore Resolved by the Comonalty that he Shall 
forthwith take up his fence, and Sett up the same Behind 
his house no further then with a streight line from y e 
Corner of the pasture belonging to y e heirs of mag 1 
Schuyler, dee' 1 & leaving y e same breath behind his Lott 
as y e same is at the afores ' Corner 

It is further Resolved by the Comonalty y l y e fence of 
y e Pasture of Coll. John Schuyler Shall be taken up in 
Like manor and y l y 6 following persons be appointed a 
Comitte viz David Schuyler, ab: Cuyler w: Ten Broek 
Esq's ald'n ant: v: Schaick Barent Sanders & D. Bradt 
to view & Examine y e writeings Concerning y e Same & 
y l they bring in their Report in writeing to ys. meeting 
on or before y e 5th of June next Ensueing 

In Mayor's Court, May 15, 1711. 

Orderd that henceforth the Sherrif or his deputy and a; 
Constable in his Turn Shall attend the mayor's Court 
precisely when held 

May 19. This day this meeting rec d a Letter from his 
Excellency Rob 1 Hunter Esq'r Cap 1 Gen'l & Gov'r in 
Chief of the province of new york & dated in new york 
y e 12th of this Instant wherein he directs y* her maj'es 
Service Requires That a detachm 1 from ys. garrison here 
of 3 Score men be Sent Immediately to y e manor Living- 
ston and desires us to be pleased to give ord'rs y* they 
be accomodated with boats & Canaes necessary, or what 

[Annals, vi.] 23 

260 The City Records. 

Else may be requisite, as also y 1 we will be pleased to 
ord'r Such necessary guards for y p Security of the place 
dureing their absence as wee may Judge Requisite our 
Ready Complyance as it is for her maj'es Immediate 
Service will very much oblidge him 

In pbedience whereof the following warrant was 
order to be directed to Sheboleth Bogardus viz 1 

Whereas we have just now rec d a Letter from his Ex'cy 
Ro l hunter Esq'r Cap- Gen'l & Gov'r in Chiefe of y e pro- 
vince of new york &c. wherein he setts forth j l her maj'es 
Service requires y l Sixty men Immediately Shall be Trans- 
ported to y e manor of Livingston, we do therefore require 
& Comand you in her maj'es name to take on board y e S d 
number with Such proper officers as his Ex'cy has di- 
rected, and hereof you are in no ways to omitt at your 
parrall Given under our hands in Albany y e 19th of May 
in y e tenth year of her maj's Reigne annoq'o Do. 1711 
Was signed by the mayor record. & aldermen 
To Shiboleth Bogardus master of his Sloop 

At a meeting of the mayor & aldermen in the Citty of 

Albany y e 2 1st of May 1711 

Just now the mayor & ald'n rec d a Letter from his 
Ex'cy Rob 1 Hunter Esq'r Cap 1 : Gen'l & governour in 
Chiefe of y e Province of newyork &c and is as followeth 
viz 1 

Manor of Livingston y e 20th may 1711 

Eleven at night 

Sr. her maj's Service Requireing ye presence of y e 
Troops at Albany here, with all possible dispatch, I 
must Intreet yo. to furnish them with Sloops boats or 
Canoes for their Conveyance the Expense of which Shall 
be defrayd and at the Same time I desire yo. may call 
the militia in your town in arms to take Care of the fort 
& place dureing the Absence of the garrison I Earnestly 
begg your assistance for dispatch & am with Sincerity 
Your very humble Servant 

Ro 1 Hunter 

The City Records. 261 

In obedience whereof we forthwith directed the fol- 
lowing warrant to nanning Harm'se visher viz 1 

Whereas we just now Received a Letter from his Ex'cy 
Rob f Hunter Esq'r Cap 1 Gen'l and Govern'r in Chiefe of 
the province of n : york wherein he setts forth that her 
maj'es Service Requires that her maj'es Troops at Albany 
be Sent forthwith to the manor Livingston & directs us 
to furnish them with Sloops &c. for their Conveyance & 
also that the Expense thereof Shall be defray d in Obedi- 
ence whereof we do hereby Require yo. forthwith to 
receive on board your Sloop her maj's S d Troops & Con- 
vey them to the S d manor of Livingston in all Expedi- 
tion, hereof you are in no ways to omitt at your parrall, 
Given under our hands in Albany the 21st of may in the 
tenth year of her maj's Reigne Annoq'o Do. 1711 

was Signed by the mayor Recorder & aldermen 

To Nanning harmense visher 
master of the Sloop Mary 

And whereas Pursuant to the Said Letter we have 
taken the necessary Care for the Transportation of y e 
said Troops, it is further Resolved y l Cap 1 Abraham 
Schuyler & harmanus wendell Esq'rs forthwith do attend 
Peter Schuyler Esq'r Collo. of the militia Regim' of this 
Citty & County & acquaint him that this meeting desire 
he will Emmedjately order that y e militia of the S d Citty 
come in arms to take care of y" s d fort & this place dure- 
ing the absence of the said troops 

The Said Abraham Schuyler & harmanus Wendell 
Esq'rs being returnd, Says that they have deliverd a 
Copy of the above Resolution to Colo. Peter Schuyler 
who answerd y l he would Send for y e militia Officers to 
Convien to whom he would Communicate y e same & 
Should Comply with our desire 

orderd that the following Letter be written to his 
Ex'cy Rob 1 Hunter Cap 1 Gen'l & gov'r in Chiefe of the 
province of new york & in answer to his Letter of y e 20 
Instant, and is as follows viz 1 

262 The City Records. 

Albany y e 2 1st of may 1711 
may it please your Ex'cy 

your Ex'cys Letter dated yesterday we rec d ys. day & 
in Obedience thereof, we have forthwith procured a 
Sloop for y e Transportation of y e Troops here & desired 
Peter Schuyler Esq'r Collo of the militia Regiment of 
ys. Citty & County that he will Emmediately order y e 
militia of this Citty to Come in Arms to take care of y e 
fort and this place dureing y e absence of y e s d Troops 
who returnd answer that he would Comply therewith, 
So remain in all sincerity 

may it please your Ex'cy 
your Ex'cys most obed* '& humble Servants 
was Signed by the may'r Recorder & aldermen 

In Common Council, May 29, 1711. 

Orderd that the following ordinance Relateing [to] y e 
Indian Trade Shall be Issued (viz 1 ) 

By the mayor Recorder aldermen and Comonalty of 
the Citty of albany 

An Ordinance 

WHEREAS several Inhabitants of this Citty have made 
their Complaints y l Sundry persons of this Citty & 
Schinnechtady do much Incroach upon y e Indian Trade 
in takeing and giveing great giffts for Rydeing of the 
Indians &c. It is therefore Resolved that it Shall be 
publishd & Declard y c no p'son or p'sons w l Soever 
within ys. Citty Shall upon y e arrivall of any Indian or 
Indians, Squae or Squaes (comeing from y e westward) 
adress themselfs nor Speake to ym. nor Intice ym. with- 
out y e Gates of y e S d Citty by Signs or oy'r wise how 
Soever to trade with themselfs or any other prsons being 
thereof Convicted by y e Sherrif or any oy'r pson or 
psons Shall forfeit & pay as a fine for Each Such Offence 
y e Sume of five pounds Currant money for y e behoof of 
the Sherriff or any other pson who Shall Sue for y e Same 
at y e mayors Court or in any other Court of record with- 
in the s d Citty, 

The City Records. 263- 

That no person or psons whatsoever within this Citty 
Shall Send out or make use of any Breakers whether 
Christians or Indians in the management of y e Indian 
Trade to y e westward upon pain & penalty of paying as 
a fine for Each Offence y e Sume of five Pounds for y e 
behoof and to be rec d as afores d 

That no person or psons Shall with his or their wagon 
or wagons, Cart or Carts horse or horses drive or Ride 
any Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes, nearer to the 
Citty of Albany from Schinnechtady yn. at y e Sand Bergh 
upon pain & penalty of paying as a fine for each Such 
Offence y e Sume of five pound for y e behoof of & to be 
rec rl as afores d 

That in Case any person or psons haveing Committed 
any offence as before mentioned & y e Sherrif his deputy 
or any other person or persons Shall on his or their own 
accord Contract agree or make up the matter with* Such 
Offender or with any body Else by there means for a less 
Sume of money then y e fine or fines afores d made for 
such Offences he or they being thereof Convicted by one, 
or more Evidences Shall forfeit as a fine for Each offence 
the Sume of five Pounds for y e behoof of the Said mayor 
Record'r aldermen & Comonalty & to be Sued as afores d 
Given in Alb. y e 30 of may y e 10th year of her maj's 
Reign 1711 

By the mayor aldermen & Comonalty of the Citty of 
Albany & y e Justices of the s d Citty & County 

An Ordinance 

By virtue of his Ex'cys order dated y e 17th Instant it 
is thought Requisite ffor her maj'es Service that all y e 
Bakers of this Citty do Bake forthwith all the Cornell & 
other Stuf they have by them or Can get to bread & that 
no person or person's Shall directly or Indirectly take on 
board of any Sloop or Canoe any Cornell or bread to 
Transport the Same from hence to any place out of this 
County we doe therefore hereby Require all bakers to 
take notice hereof accordingly & prohibite all masters of 

264 The City Records. 

vessels or any other person or persons whatsoever to 
take on board of any Sloop boat Canoe or other vessel 
or any other way to Convey or Transport any bread or 
Cornel from this Citty & County 

It is further prohibited by y e authority afores d that all 
masters of vessels or any other person or persons what- 
soever to take on board of any Sloop or boat any Inch 
whyte pine boards To Convey or Transport the Same as 
afores d upon penalty as they will answer to the Contrary 
at their perrill Given In Albany the 21st June in the 
tenth year of her maj's Reign annoq'o Do. 1711 

At a mayor's Court held in the Citty hall of Albany 
the 24th of June 1711 

The Court opened & ordre'd That all Constables of 
this Citty Shall attend the Mayors Court when held in 
the respective turns beginning with y e Constable of the 
first ward on pain & penalty of Six Shillings for y e be- 
hoofe of the Sherrif who is to Sue for y e Same 

Att a Comon Councill held in the Citty hall of Albany 
the 24th June 1711: Present, Rob 1 Livingston, 
Jun'r Esq'r may'r John Cuyler Esq'r record'r David 
Schuyler Wessel Ten Broek ger 1 Roseboom harm : 
Wendell abrah'm Schuyler abraham Cuyler Esq's 
ald'n Dirk Bradt Job's Pruyn Hend'k Roseboom 
Johan's Lansing anth'o Van Schaak ass'ts 
By virtue of an act of gen'l assembly of y e Colony of 
new york Entitled an act 

Is orderd that the Sume of fifty pounds Shall be Raisd & 
Levyd on all the Inhabitants of this Citty and have 
therefore orderd y l a War't Shall be Issued to y e asses 'rs 
of this Citty to make an Estimate of y e Estates of y e 
Inhabitants of y e s d Citty & deliver y e Same into y e 
Clerks office on or before y e * July next, under their 
hands & Seals 

It is ordr'd y l an ordinance made on y e 19 June 1708 
Relateing butchers in this Citty Shall be confirm'd and 

The City Records. 265 

take its full force an that an ordinance to that purpose 
be published on Such fine and penalty as S d former ordi- 
nance doth direct and is as tblloweth viz 1 

Whereas a certain ordinance by y e may'r ald'n & Com- 
onalty of y e Citty of Albany on y e 19 day of June 1708 
Relateing y 6 publick market place & Exposeing to Sale 
all fish flesh poultry Eggs butter Cheese Roets &c. at y e 
place afores d & no other with'n y".s d Citty (is Expird) it 
is therefore ordained by y 6 authority afores d y 1 y e Same 
Shall be Confirmd & put in its full force & vertue w'h is 
hereby done accordingly and y e person or persons offend- 
ing Shall be Lyable to pay Such fines and penaltys as in 
the afores ' ordinance is Sett forth & Expressd 

September 12, 1711. Whereas the assessors of y 6 
Citty of Albany have neglected to make an assesment of 
y e Estates of the Inhabitants of y e s fi Citty pursuant to 
an ord'r of Comon Coun'h dated ye 26th of July Last 
on a waarr 1 to them directed 

It is therefore Resolved that a warrant Shall be di- 
rected to the assessors of y e s d Citty Pursuant to an act 
of Gen'll assembly Entituled an act for Repealing an act 
of Gen'l Assembly of this province, Entituled, an act for 
defraying'y 6 publick & Necessary Charge throughout this 
province, for maintaining y e poor & preventing vagabonds 
Except so much thereof as Relates to vagabonds and for 
appointing more Effectuall means for defraying y e publick 
& necessary Charges in Each Citty and County and for 
maintaining the poor, and deliver Such Assesment under 
their hands & Seals on or before y e 16th of this Instant 
in the Clarks office 

Aug. 22. It is Resolved by the Comonalty that y e 
following persons be appointed a Comittee (viz 1 ) the 
ald'n & y e assis'ts now Present to view and Examine y e 
accounts of this Citty and bring in their Report on or 
before y e 28th Instant and that y e Creger gives Notice to 
the Inhabitants of the s d Citty to Bring in Such accounts 
as they have with this Citty to Mr. Antho. Bradt Citty 

Sept. 19. The Assessors of the Citty of Albany have 

266 The City Records. 

this day brought in their Estimates amounting to 5818= 
on w'h is Layd 2Jd on the pound and ordr d the D Clark 
to Copy the S 1 Estimates & Draw a warrant directed to 
the Collector of y e S 1 Citty to Collect & pay the Money 
unto y e Citty Treas'r on or before the 14th October now 
next Ensueing 

Sept. 29. This day being appointed by y e Charter of 
this Citty that the Aldermen of y e Several wards of this 
Citty bring their return of y e aldermen assis'ts & Con- 
stables Chosen by the Inhabitants to serve for the Ensue- 
ing year (viz 1 ) 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler, Joh's Lansing, 

Harmanus Wendel. Barent Staats. 

Joh's Jer. Wendell, Const. 

Second Ward. 

Ger 1 . Roseboom Gysbert Mareeles 

Abraham Cuyler William Jacobse 

Hend'k Roseboom Jun'r, Const. 

Third Ward. 

Wessel Ten Broek Peter Waldron 

hend'k hansen Dirk Bradt 

Dirk T. Bradt, Const. 
Claes van woerden Chosen high Constaple 
Anthony Bradt Chosen Chamberlaine 

At a meeting of y e Recorder ald'n & assistants of y e 
Citty of albanythis 27 Nov. 1811: Present, Jno. 
Cuyler Esq'r Record'r Wess Ten Broek hend. han- 
sen David Schuyler Ab: Cuyler Ger 1 Roseboom har: 
wendel Dirk Brat Joh's Lansing B: Stats Gys: mar- 
celis wm. Jacobse P'r Waldrum 

Resolved that the 150 men Raised by the Gen'l assem- 
bly of the Colony of N : york for the Security of these 
fronteers this winter shall be Quarterd out in this Citty 
& County on the Inhabitants thereof 

It is thought Necessary that 300 load of fire wood be 

The City Records. 267 

Ryd for the burger Guards of the s d Citty and is there- 
fore orderd that a warrant Shall be directed to the 
Asse'rs of y e s d Citty to assess y e afores d quantity of 
wood on y e Inhabitants of y e s d Citty and bring or Return 
Such Estimate in the Clarks office on or before y e first of 
Decemb'r next 

In Common Council, January 10, 17 1J. 

Resolved that three hundred Load of fyre wood be 
Ryd by y e Inhabitants of this Citty for y e burger guards 
and it is therefore [ordered] y l billets be write & brought 
to every Inhabitant what he is to Ryde it is also Resolv d 
y l 1000 yalow pine Stockados of 14 foot long & 12 Inches 
thinck at y e Smalest End for Repairing y e s cl Citty Shall 
be Ryd for w'h a warrant Shall be directed to y e assess- 
ors of y's Citty to y e end y< they Return an Estimate 
thereof under their hands & Seals in y e Clark office on 
or before y e 12th Instant that y e Inhabitants may Ryde 
y e Same 

It Is further Resolved y l y e following persons be ap- 
pointed fyre masters in this Citty to Serve for y e Ensue- 
ing year viz 1 1st ward Barent Eghbertse Job's Ten 
Broek; 2d Hendrick Ten Eyk Barent Sanders; 3d Jacob 
Evertse Peter Ryckman 

orderd that they Shall be Servd with a warrant for 
viewing y e fyre places &c. in this Citty 

February 14. A petition of Teunis Bradt of this 
Citty being Read wherein he humbly beggs to be nomi- 
nated & appointed Sexon of the Citty of Albany & to 
have y e Benefitt to receive y e Perquisites Belonging to y e 
S ! office w'h was Granted him, accordingly 

Teunis Bradt appointed Chamerlain of this Citty in 
Stead of his father 

In Common Council, Feb. 19, 171J. 
The Assessors of this Citty have brought in their 
Estimate's of one thousand Stockados Pursuant to y e 
Resolution of y e Comonalty on y e 10th of Jan 'y last, w'h 

268 The City Records. 

Estimates are approv'd & order'd that billets be given 
out to y e Severall Inhabitants of y e S 1 Citty to y e end f- 
Every one Rides his Proportion on or before y e 23th In- 
stant, and that y e Inhabitants of y e S d Citty Shall Ryde 
their Proportion of firewood on or before y e time afore- 

March 4. Resolved that a fair list Shall be drawn of 
all those who have neglected to Ryde their quota of fire 
wood for y e burger guards & warrants directed by y e 
aldermen of y e Respective wards to y e Severall Consta- 
bles thereof to Levey y e Sume of three Shill's on y e 
goods & Chattels of y e offenders for every load of wood 
they have not Ryde as afores d at any time after y e 8th of 
this Instant 

it is Resolved that y e following ordinance be Publishd 

By the Mayor Aldermen & Commonalty of the Citty 
of Albany 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas an ordinance made by y e Mayor Aldermen 
and Commonalty of y e s d Citty Published on the 3' 1 day 
of aprill 1711 against Severall Persons who are presumd 
to Retaile & use manuall Occupations without being 
made freemen of y e s d Citty which will be Expird on y e 
3 d day of aprill next It is therefore hereby Published and 
Declard y l Every Clause & article Containd & Expresd 
in y e s d ordinanc Shall be and Remain in full force & 
vertue for y e Speace of one year next after the date 

And whereas it is very nesessary that y" hoggs in this 
Citty & Libertys thereof be Ringd to Prevent their Roat- 
ing up the gras It is therefore hereby ordaind & declard 
y l all hoggs or Piggs which Shall Run at Large in y e s d 
Citty and Liberties riot Ringd to prevent their Roating 
as afors d it Shall and may be Lawfull for any Person or 
Persons to Seize upon Such hog or hoggs Pig or Piggs 
for his or their use benefitt and behoofe as a forfietor for 
the owners neglect Given in Albany the 4th of march 
in y e 10th year of her maj's Reign annoq'o Do 17 lj 

The City Records. 269 

This day the Comonalty have agreed with Johannis 
Dwandlaer Jun'r & Peter waldron to Square Sharpe & 
Sett up the Stockados w'h are now ryd for this Citty 
who are to have Seaven pence half penny for Each 
Stockado they Shall So Square Sharpe & Sett in a Regu- 
lar way y e S d Service is to be performd at or before y e 
p'mo may next 

Whereas y e Comonalty are informd that fodder is Sett 
up by Severall [People in yards of Sundry persons with- 
out y e north gate in y e 3 1 ward of this Citty to y e Great 
danger of y e S d Citty if Sett a fire be evil men or acci- 
dently (w'h we hope god will prevent) It is therefore 
orderd that a warrant Shall be directed to y" high Con- 
stable of this Citty to Cause Such person or persons to 
remove such Straw So dangerously Sett up as afores d to 
Some other Convenient place at or before y e 12th Instant 
on penalty as they will answer to y e Contrary 

The following persons are now appointed by the * * 
Anthony Bogardt, william hogan ; Johan's Beekman, 
harp 1 Jacobse, wm. Gysbertse, Tho harmense 

By the Mayor Aldermen and Commonalty of the Citty 
of Albany 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas Sundry Persons in this Citty & County of 
Albany do Presume to Sell Strong Liquor by Retaile 
without being duely Lycenc'd we do therefore hereby 
Publish & declare that after y e publication hereof no 
person or Persons whatsoever within the Said Citty & 
County Shall by themselves or Bothers Sell any Liquors 
by Retaile under the quantity of five Gallons without 
being duly Lycenc'd as aforesaid on Painalty of forfiet- 
ing for Such offence the Sume of five Pounds for the be- 
hoof of Such person or Persons as Shall Sue for the 
Same Given in albany y e 25th of february in the 10th 
year of her maj's Reign annoq'o Do. 1712 

270 The City Records. 

In Common Council, March 25, 1712. 

The Commonalty have this day Sold unto Leiv 1 Col'o 
John Schuyler for the Sume of three pounds a Certain 
Small peece of ground Scituate Lying & being here in 
the Citty of Albany in y e first ward adjoyning unto y e 
lott of y e S 1 John Schuyler haveing on y e East y e lott of 
Anthony Van Schaick & on y e west y e high Road con- 
taining in lenth on y e East & on y e west Syde Six and a 
half foot & in breath four Rod & Seaven foot fronting 
towards y e Rutten kill Rinlands measure, for wh: peece 
of ground the mayor of the S d Citty is to give a Release 
unto y e S 1 John Schuyler, and that y e Sume of three 
pounds is to be paid unto Leiv 1 Samuel Babington for 
Sundry Disbursments in Repairing y e Great Guns in this 
Citty &c 

The Comonalty have also Sold unto maritie wife of 
Anthony van Schaiok & Johanna anthonize van Stryden 
for the Sume of thirty Shillings a certain Small peece of 
Ground Scituate Lying & being here in y e Citty of 
Albany in 2 d ward next unto their house containing in 
breath on y e north End at y e small house of hendrick 
Van Ness three foot & Seaven Inches & in breath till it 
Runs unto y e lott of y e s d maratie van Schaick & Joha'a 
anthonize Van Stryden twenty Eight foot & four Inches 
for w'h peece of ground it is Resolved y 1 y e mayor of y e 
s d Citty Shall give a Release unto y e s d maritie Van 
Schaick & Johanna anthonize van Stryden 

albany y e 10th June 1712 
may it please your Excellency 

we take leave to acq 1 y'r Ex'cy y 1 we are at present in 
a Sad Condition o'r Indians y e 5 nations Inclind to joyn 
w'th y e Tuscarora Indians & mistrustfull y l we are joynd 
with those of Carolina to distroy y'm y l all y e Indians are 
meeting at a place on y e Tuskohanna River w'h we think 
will be a Bad Consequence at last y e s ' Indians puffd up 
y e s d Nations with maney lyes to w'h we understand 
they give ear, and y 6 french Intrest among this who are 

The City Records. 271 

never neuter give us Reason to desire y'r Ex'cy to take 
Such Necessary Care as y'r Ex'cy Shall Judge most 
proper to defend us, we doubt not but y e Com'rs of the 
Indian affairs have fully Informd y'r Ex'cy of y e particu- 
lars Colo: Peter Schuyler who is much Esteemd by y e 
Indians & has a great Sway among y'm haveing always 
acted in y e absence of y e gov'r Gen'll as Chiefe with 
them & he being now out of y e Commission for y e Indian 
affairs, we do humbly desire y'r Ex'cy to restore him in 
his former Station, being we know he has Great Influ- 
ence on them 

In Common Council, June 16, 1712. 

Resolved that an ordinance be prepard made & pub- 
lished for Prohibiting giveing & Selling of Strong Liquor 
to y e Indians in this Citty and County of Albany on pain 
& penalty of forfieting the Sume of five pounds for the 
behoofe of y e Sherrif or any other person or persons 
who Shall Sue for the Same by Conviction of one or 
more witnesses before any of her maj's Court of Record 
in this Citty, 

It is also orderd and Resolved y* it Shall be inserted 
in y e s d ordinance y l no person or persons Shall adress 
themselfs nor Speake to any Indian or Indians Squae or 
Squas Comeing down hudsons River or from Canadas 
without y e Stockados of y e s d Citty on pain & peanalty 
of ten Pounds for Each offence for y e Behoofe of y e 
Shirref or any other Person or Persons who Shall Sue 
for the Same before any Court of Record in y e s d Citty 
by Conviction of one or more Credible witnesses 

It is further Resolved y l an ordinance Publish d y e 30th 
day of may 1711 Expird by its owne Limitation Shall be 
& Remaine In force till further order 

June 17. It is orderd that the following ordinance- 
Shall be publishd Relateing y e Indian Trade viz 1 

By the Mayor Recorder Alderman & Comonalty of y e 
Citty of Albany and the Justices of the said Citty & 

[Annals, vi.] 24 

272 The City Records. 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas it hath been found by Experience y l y e Sell- 
ing & giving of Rum & other strong Liquor to y e Indians 
in this Citty & County hath been very prejudicial! in 
time of war & other Services for Preventing the Like 
for the future be it ordaind publishd & declard y l if any 
person or persons whatsoever within y e s' 1 Citty & County 
who shall from & after y date hereof give Sell or other 
wise dispose of any Rum Brandy Spirits wine beer ale 
Syder or any other Strong liquor whatsoever to any 
Indian or Indians Squae or Squaes being thereof Law- 
fully convicted before any of her maj'es Courts of Re- 
cord in y's Citty Shall for every Such offence forfiett y e 
Sume of five pounds for y e behoofe of the Sherrif or any 
oy'er person y l Shall Sue for the same 

And whereas an ordinance made and publishd by y e 
mayor Recorder Alderman & Comonalty of y e Citty 
afores 1 on y e 30th day of may 1711 against Severall 
persons of this Citty & Schinechtady who did much 
Incroach upon y e Indian Trade w'h is Expird by its 
owne Limitation It is therefore hereby publisd ordaind & 
declard y l Every Clause & article therein Containd shall 
be & Remaine in its full force & vertue untill further 
order and those who do or Shall offend against y e Same 
Shall be Lyable to pay such fines & forfietures as therein 
is Set forth 

That no Indian or Indians Squae or Squas coming 
down hudsons River from y e Lake and all oy'r Strange 
or far Indians from any other way Shall not Lye & 
Lodge within y e Stockados of y e S d Citty with his or 
their bever or peltry and y l no person or persons Shall 
Ryde Carry Convey w'th wagon or Canoe nor receive 
any pak bever or peltery in his or their Care & Custody 
of any such Indian or Indians Squa or Squas nor take or 
suffer y'm in his or their house to Lodge at night under 
pain and penalty of forfieting y e Sume of five pound for 
Each offence for y e behoofe of y e Shirrif or any oy'r 
person y l Shall Sue for the Same & to be Sued as afores d 

That in case y e Sherrif his deputy or any oy'r person 

The City Records. 273 

or persons Shall on his & their owne accord Contract 
agree or make up the matter with any person or persons 
who have Committed any offence as before mentioned or 
with any body Else by their means for a Less Sume of 
money then y e fine or fines afores d made for such offences 
he or they being thereof Convicted by one or more 
Credible wittnesses Shall forfitt & pay as a fine for 
Each offence y e Sume of five pounds for y e behoofe of 
any person or persons y l Shall Sue for y e Same given in 
Albany y e 17th of June in y e llth year of her maj'es 
Reign a'o 1712 

June 25. Mr. Stephanis Groesbeek brings in a peti- 
tion of Severall Indian Traders & Inhabitants of the s 1 
Citty desireing that y e ordinance made Some time this 
Instant may be altered, to the End y* they may Receive 
Indians with thar packs into their housen to trade with 
them & that they may have a free trade within this Citty 
according the Directions of y e Citty Charter w'h Peti- 
tion is Resolved to be taken in further Consideration 

It is further Resolved y l y e following ordinance Shall 
be publishd viz 1 

By the mayor Aldermen & Comonalty of the Citty of 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas an ordinance made & publishd y e 17th of 
this Instant a Claw is Renewd as in y e former ordinance 
mentioned viz 1 that no person or persons Shall with his 
or their wagon or wagons Cart or Carts horse or horses 
drive or Ryde any Indian or Indians Squaw or Squaws 
nearer to this Citty from Schinnechtady then at y e Sand- 
bergh, upon pain & penalty of paying as a fine the Sume 
of five pounds for the behoof of theJSherrif or any other 
person that Shall Sue for the Same w'h Said Ciaw is 
hereby Repealed & made null and void to all Intents & 
purposes and y l no persons whatsoever Shall Ryde or 
idrive in wagon Cart or Slee any Indian or Indians Squaw 
or Squaws with bever or peltry any nearer to y e s d Citty 
then three hundred passes from any Gate of this Citty 
upon pain & penalty of paying as fine y e Sume of five 

274 The City Records. 

pound for y e behoofe of the Sherrif or any other person 
or persons that Shall Sue for y e Same Given in Albany 
y e 25th of June in the llth year of her maj'es Reign 
Annoq'o Do. 1712 

June 28. The petition of Severall freemen of y e 
Citty of Albany Desireing y e alteration of a Claw in an 
ordinance made on y e 17th Instant Being Read, and 

It is order 'd that y e following ordinance Shall be pub- 
lishd to morrow viz 1 

By the mayor Recorder aldermen & Comonalty of the 
Citty of albany 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas the Said mayor Recorder aldermen & Com- 
monalty have thought fitt to Repeal the ordinances 
made publishd ordaind & declard on y e 17 & 25th day of 
this Instant w'h Said ordinances are hereby Repeald 
made null void and of no force to all intents & purposes 
whatsoever & do hereby Publish ordain & declare That 
no person or persons whatsoever Shall upon y e ariivall 
of any Indian or Indians Squaw or Squaws (Comeing 
from y e westward) adress themselfs nor Speak to them 
uor Intice them without y e Gates of y e s d Citty by Sign 
or otherwise howsoever to trade with themselfs or any 
other person or persons being thereof convicted by the 
Sherrif or any other person or persons Shall forfiet & 
pay for Each Such offence the Sume of five pounds Cur- 
rant money one half thereof for the behoofe of the said 
mayor aldermen & Comonalty and the other half for the 
behoofe of the Sherrif or any other person that Shall 
Sue for the Same at y e mayors Court of the said Citty 
or any Court of record within the Same 

That no Person or persons whatsoever within this 
Citty Shall Send out or make use of any Breakers 
whether Christians or Indians in, the management of the 
Indian Trade upon pain & penalty of paying as a fine 
for Each offence the Sume of five pounds for y e behoofe 
of & to be Sued as afores d 

That no Person or persons whatsoever Shall Ryde or 

The City Records. 27$ 

drive in wagon Cart or Slee any Indian or Indians Squaw 
or Squaws or their Bever & peltry any nearer to the s d 
Citty then three hundred paces from any Gate of the 
Citty aforesaid upon pain & penalty of paying as a fine- 
for Each offence the Sume of five pounds for y e behoofe 
,of & to be Sued as aforesaid 

That no person or persons whatsoever Shall adress 
him or them selfs to any Indian or Indians Squaw or 
Squaws comeing down hudsons River with Bever & pel- 
try Schaahkook & River Indians Excepted nor Speake 
to him her or them without y e limitts & liberty of ye s d 
Citty on pain & penalty of paying as a fine for Each 
offence the Sume of ten pounds for the behoofe of & to 
be Sued as aforesaid 

That not above the Number of fifteen Indians Come- 
ing down hudsons river Shall be allowed to Stay & 
Lodge in the s ' Citty at one time with his or their bever 
& peltry and that all Such person or persons who Shall 
Entertain or Suffer any Indian or Indians to Stay & 
Lodge in his or their houses Kitchins or Elsewhere after 
he she or they Shall have warning from the mayor 
Recorder aldermen or assistants of the said Citty or 
from any one of them Shall forfiet & pay as a fine for 
Each offence the Sume of ten pounds for the behoofe of 
& to be Sued as aforesaid, 

That no person or persons whatsoever Shall from and 
after y e date hereof, give Sell or otherwise dispose of 
any Rum Brandy Spirits wine beer ale Syder or any 
other Strong Liquor whatsoever to any Indian or Indians 
Squaw -or Squaws on pain & penalty of paying as a fine 
for Each offence the Sume of five pounds for the Behoof 
of & to be Sued as aforesaid the offender Being Convicted 
by one or more Credible Evidences, 

That in Case any person or persons haveing Committed 
any offence as before mentioned & the Sherrif his Deputy 
or any other person or persons Shall on his or their own 
accord Contract agree or make up the matter with Such 
offender or with Some body Else by their means for a 
lesse Sume of money then the fine or fines aforesaid 

276 The City Records. 

made for Such offences, he She or they being thereof 
Convicted by one or more Credible Evidences Shall for- 
fiet & pay as a fine for Each offence the Sume of five 
pound for the behoofe of & to be Sued as afores r ' given 
in albany y e 30th day of June in y e 1 1th year of her 
maj'es Reign a'o Do. 1712 

July 22. It is Resolved that fifty pound be raised & 
levy'd on the Inhabitants of this Citty for y e payment of 
Such Debts as y s d Citty is Charged with It is orderd y l 
a warrant shall be directed to y f assessors of this Citty 
for y e Equally & Impartially assessing & rateing y e Inhab- 
itants of y e Citty & bring in their Estimates in y e Clarks 
office on or before y e first day of august next Ensueing 

orderd that a billet be put on ye Church giving notice 
to all persons who have any demands on this Citty to 
bring in their accounts to the Treasurer forthwith The 
following persons viz 1 Hend'k Hansen harmanus wendell 
Esq's ald'n Dirk Bradt & Johannis Lansing ass'ts are 
appointed To view & Examine the S d accounts and bring 
in their Report in Comon Councill on y e first day of 
august next Ensueing 

In Common Council, August 5, 1712. 
Present: Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r Esq'r may'r John 
Cuyler Esq'r Recorder hend : Hansen Wessel Ten 
Broek David Schuyler Abraham Cuyler Ger 1 Rose- 
boom harmanus wendell Esq's ald'n Dirke Bradt 
Job's Lansing gysb* marcelis ass'ts 
Pursuant to y Resolution of y e Commonalty- on the 
22th of July last y e Committee then appointed to view 
& Examine y c accounts of the s d Citty who bring their 
Report this day that they have Examind y e accounts of 
y e s Citty amo. to ,77 w'h Report is approv'd of 

The Chamberlain was orderd to give the Severall per- 
sons Credit in his Citty Book Except an account of wm 
hogen w'h is first to be Examind by y e Comonalty 

The Comonalty takeing unto Consideration y 1 this is 
much Indebted they do therefore Resolve that 10 be 

The City Records. 277 

added to y e 50 to be Raisd & leveyed on the Inhabit- 
ants of the s d Citty 

Whereas Severall persons are indebted to this Citty 
who do delay to pay it is therefore orderd that y e Cham- 
berlain do demand & Receive the Same & bring a Report 
to y A Comonalty y e 19th Instant 

It is orderd that the following ordinance Shall by 
publish'd viz 1 

By the mayor aldermen & Comonalty of the Citty of 
alb any 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas Complaints are made that Severall persons 
of this Citty do buy & take in pawn Cloathing & acutre- 
ments of the Soldiers to the prejudice of her maj'es 
Service for preventing y e like for the future, It is Re- 
solved that it Shall be ordaind publishd & Declar'd and 
it is hereby ordaind publishd & Declar'd that if any per- 
son or persons whatsoever shall buy or take in pawn any 
Cloathing or acutrements of any Soldier or Soldiers shall 
forfiet & pay for Every offence the Sume of 30/ & return 
Such Cloathing or acutrements So bought or taken in 
pawn of any Soldier as aforesaid, 

It is further ordaind & declard that all persons whose 
Lott is adjoyning to the Rutten Creek Shall forthwith 
Clean the Same of all filt and y e Neighbors on both Sydes 
of the Creek are to be Equall help full to one another 
in Cleaning y e Same on or before y e 19th Instant on 
penalty of paying as a fine for Each offence 20/ and 
when Cleaned no person Shall throw or Carry any dung 
or filt in the s d Creek on penalty of 6/ for Every offence 
to be Recovered by any person that Shall Sue for the 
Same before any Justice of y e peace within this Citty 
given in albany y e 5th of aug 1 1712 

At the Request of Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor 
of this Citty the Commonalty have Sold unto him for 
20/. the previledge of building over y" Rutten Creek 
behind his lott y e breath thereof as it lyes between y e 
lott of the heirs of harme Rutgers on the East & the lott 
of anthony van Schaick on y e west, It is therefore orderd 
that the Recorder any three of the aldermen & any three 

278 The City Records. 

of the ass'ts Shall Give him a Release thereof Accord- 

It being moved that one or more wells be made In y e 
first & Second wards of this Citty w'h is Refer'd till 
further Consideration 

Aug. 15. Whereas the Comonalty Being Informd 
that Evert wendell of this Citty haveing Incroachd by 
building over the Rounds passage behind his lott Con- 
trary to his lease 

It is Resolved that further Enquiry Shall be made 
whether y e ground he has built upon properly belongs 
unto him or not, if not then the s d building he has 
erected to be Removed and in y e mean time that he or 
any other person by his means Ceases finishing any 
further building there on his or .their perril, and that the 
Said Evert wendell be Servd with a Copy hereof accord- 

It is further Resolved that no Person or Persons what- 
soever Shall Infence any Ground behind his or their lotts 
of Ground towards any Rounds Passage of tlie said Citty 
without haveing first Liberty of the Comonalty 

Sept. 2. This day are war'ts Issued to the Asses'rs 
of this Citty for the Equally and Impartially Assessing 
all & Every the Inhabitants of y e s d Citty and bring in 
their Estimates in the Clerks office this Citty on or be- 
fore the 4th of this Instant 

It is Resolved that when y Assesm'ts are deliverd in 
the Recorder & any three aldermen Shall Issue out their 
warrants to the Collector of this Citty for Collecting & 
paying Sixty pounds unto the Citty Chamberlaine on or 
before y e 12 day of October next Ensueing 

Sept. 3. It is Resolved that 15 Shall be added to 
60 Tax of this Citty w'h is to [be] levyed on or before 
y e 12 day of October next, and also that one well Shall 
be made in the first ward of the s' ! City to w'h End the 
Comonalty have appointed the following persons for 
managers thereof viz 1 Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r Esq'r 
may'r David Schuyler & harmanus wendell Esq'rs alder- 
men to whom is to be p d 15 out of y e Lycence money 
for paying the Charge of makeing the s d well 

The City Records, 279 

Albany y e 14th Octob: 1712 

This day being appointed by the Charter of the Citty 
of Albany for y e aldermen of y e s d Citty to make a 
return of y e aldermen assistants & Constables who are 
Chosen to Serve for y e Ensueing year according y e 
Return made thereof in y e Clerks office on y e 29th of 
September last and are as followeth viz 1 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler Evert Wendell 

harmanus wendell Daniel Bratt 

Joh's Ten Broek Constable 

Second Ward. 

Abraham Cuyler Gysbert marselis 

Joh's visher Hend'k Roseboom 

Isaac Kip Constable 

Third Ward. 

Hendrick Hansen Joh's Hanse 

Wessel Ten Broek Jacob Evertse 

Anthony Lewis Constable 
Theunis Brat Chamberlaine 
Joh's wendell High Constable 

At a meeting of the Recorder and aldermen of y e City 
of Albany the 25th nov'r 1712: Present, John 
Cuyler Esq'r recorder Hend. Hansen David Schuyler 
Wess'l Ten Broek Abraham Cuyler harmanus wen- 
dell Joh's harmense visher Esq'rs ald'n. 
This day Mr. Recorder acquainted this meeting that 
Mr. John Collins had told him that Coll'o Killian van 
Renselaer had Desired him to tell the Recorder of this 
Citty or any of y e magestrates of y e s fl Citty that he 
would not Suffer any of y e Inhabitants of y e City of 
Albany~to cut timber or firewood in his marinor without 
his consent or an agreement first to be made with the 
magestrates of y e s' 1 City, and Since he was not willing 
to trust on his memory w'h might have fail'd him, he 
desired that Mr. Collins may be desird to attend this 

280 The City Records. 

meeting w'h accordingly he did who Say'd what is above 
mentioned and moreover y l no persons Should be Ignor- 
ant hereof if they Should be prosecuted by y s d Coll'o 
Renselaer in case no agreem 1 be made as aforesaid 

The magistrates Considered the matter and told Mr. 
Collins that Since there is no Comission come for a 
mayor, without whom no Comon Councill can be held, 
but as soon as such Comission is rec d the Comonalty 
would then Give Col'o Renselaer an answer 

At a meeting of y e Record'r aldermen and assistants 
of y e City of Albany y e 29th day of Novemb'r 1712 

This meeting being Inform'd that Coll'o Killiaen van 
Renselaer has Caused an advertisement to be put on y e 
Church prohibiting the Inhabitants of the City of Albany 
to cut any timber or fire wood within his Colony, and is 
as followeth viz t 

Killiaen van Renselaer Esq'r of y e manor of Rense- 
laerwyck in the county of Albany doth hereby give 
notice to the Inhabitants of y e City of Albany (and he 
hath already Enform'd y e magestrates of y e s d City of y e 
Same that he will not Suffer any timber or fire- wood to 
be cut down with in his Colony by any of y e Inhabitants 
of y e a' 1 City without his lycence to w'h he hath only 
rec d a delatory answer from them) that none of y e 
Inhabitants of y e s d City do from & after y e 1st day of 
dec'r now next Ensueing cut down any timber or fire 
wood within his s ! Colony without Lycence from him if 
they do they will be prosecuted for y e Same dated in 
Albany this 28th day of nov'r in y e Eleventh year of her 
maj's Reign annoq. Do. 1712 

It is therefore Resolved by the Record'r ald'n and 
ass'ts of y e s' ! Citty that in Case Col'o K vn Renselaer 
Shall Prosecute any Inhabitant of the City of Albany 
for Cutting & carrying away Timber or firewood were 
they are used to do so that all Such Inhabitant or Inhab- 
itants he Shall So prosecute before a Comission for a 

The City Records. 281 

mayor off this Citty be sent hither from n: york we 
make our selvs defend'ts for him or them 

It was orderd y l wat is before mentioned in this meet- 
ing and in y 6 meeting of y e Recorder & aldermen on y e 
25th day of this Instant Should be drawn out by y e D Ck 
and put on y e Church forthwith w'h he accordingly did 

It is Resolved By y e Recorder & ald'n that y e follow- 
ing persons be appointed firemasters for y e ensueing year 
who are to be Servd with a warrant whereby they are to 
Govern themselvs accordingly viz 1 1st ward Johan's van 
alen Jan van Ness 2 d ward Chrishophel yetts Claes fonda 
3 d ward Jan Evertse Cornelis Switts 

Whereas the Recorder and aldermen of the City of 
Albany have this day nominated & appointed yow to be 
fire masters for the s r] Citty for the Ensueing year yow 
or the major part of yow are therefore hereby Required 
forthwith on the Receipt hereof and then once in Every 
fourthnight to go Round and view y 6 Chimneys where 
fire is kept within the said Citty, and where ever yow 
find Such Chimneys Extraordinary fowl yow are author- 
ized to fine y 6 owner or owners in the Sume of three 
Shillings for y e behooffe of your Selvs who are to Sue 
for ye Same, yow are also to take notice that no fire be 
kept within this Citty in unconvenient places or any 
fodder which may tend to be dangerous to ye owner & 
his Neighbors upon penalty of forfieting y e like Sume of 
three Shillings for Each day a fire & fodder be kept in 
Such dangerous & unconvenient places after warning 
Given him her or them Given in albany this 9th day of 
December in y e Eleventh year of her maj 's Reign annoq. 
Do. 1712 

Att a Mayor's Court held in the Citty hall of albany 
y e 23th of December 1712 

Jan Evertse of this City Coeper appearing in Court & 
acquainted y e Recorder & aldermen that william Hollie 
Lately dec d was Yesterday burryed who doth desire that 

282 The City Records. 

y e funerall Charges ma.y be p d out of the Effects of y e s d 

The Recorder & aldermen do order y l y e s d Jan Evertse 
with Johannis wendell high Constable Shall appraize & 
take an inventory of y" Effects of y e s' 1 william Hollie & 
deliver the same with an account of y e s d funerajl 
Charges at our next Mayors Court 

att a mayors Court held in y e Citty hall of albany y e 
6th day of January 1712 

Jan Evertse according to y e order of y e last Court 
brings in an account of y e funerall Charges of wm hollie 
dec ; amounting to four pound Six Shill's & Six pence and 
also an Inventary of his Effects am'o to three pound five 

Albany y e 15th day of Jan'ry 17 1 

Memorandum that this day Rob 1 Livingston Jun'r 

Esq'r was Sworn as Mayor of this City and Clark of y e 

market of y e s d City and Coroner of y e s d City & County 

& toke the usuall oaths appointed by y e act of Parlement 

Att a Common Councill held in the City hall of albany 
y* 15th of January 17 If 

It is orderd that an ordinance Shall be publish'd pro- 
hibiting all persons to Sell any Strong liquor By Retaile 
without being duly Lycenced on penalty as the acts of 
Assembly doth direct, arid also relateing Rydeing in this 

By the Mayor aldermen & Comonalty of the City of 

An Ordinance. 

Whereas divers Persons of this City & County of 
Albany do presume to Sell Strong Liquor by Retaile 
without being Lycenced, for preventing the Same it is 
hereby publish'd & declar'd that after y e publication 
hereof no person or persons whatsoever within this City 

The City Records. 283 

& County Shall by themselvs or any others Sell or Ex- 
pose to Sale any Strong Liquors by retaile under y e 
quantity of five Gallons without being duely lycenced on 
pain & penalty of forfieting for Each Such offence what 
is mentioned & Expressed in an act of Gen'l Assembly 
of the Colony of New york in y t Case is made & provided 
It is further publish'd & declar'd y l from and after y e 
20th day of this Instant no person or persons Shall ride 
or drive any horse or horses with Slee wagon or Cart in 
the Streets & Lanes of this Citty faster than on a Stap 
or a verry moderate Trott on pain & penalty of forfiet- 
ing for Every Such offence the Sume of three Shil's for 
the behoofe of y e Sherrif or any other person as Shall 
Sue for y e Same given in Albany y e 16th day of Jan'y in 
y e llth year of her maj's Reign Annoq'o Do. 17 If 

Att a Mayors Court held in y e Citty hall of Albany y e 
20th Jan'ry 17 If 

Jan Evertse appairing in Court doth desire y l .y e effects 
of Wm. Hollie dec 1 may be Expos'd to Sale by public 
outcry for y e payment of his funeral! Charges w'h is 
Granted him 

March 17. Whereas y e Constables of this Citty have 
been warn'd to attend y e mayors court w'h they have 
neglected, It is therefore orderd y l henceforth the Con- 
stables Shall be notice given to attend the may's Court 
in their Respective Returns Begining with the first ward 
and if any one of them Should happen to be out of the 
County y e next whose turn it is to be is to attend in his 
or their Roomer on forfiture of Six Shillings for the 
behoo-fe of the Sherrif who is to Sue for the Same 

In Common Council, March 17, 17lf 
Whereas Complaints are made y r the Severall Reyolls 
or Celler Gutters belonging to the houses of Cornelis van 
Schelluyue Joh's Groesbeek maritie Eghberts Cornelia 
Gylbert & Joh's Roseboom Dirk wessels & Joh's visher 
Esq. w'h doth vent out in y e peril street within y e Stock- 
[Annals, vi.] 25 

284 The City Records. 

ados near to y e Corner house of Job's Cuyler Esq'r It is 
orderd that y e said persons cause y e Reyoels or Gutters 
to be leed out of y e s d Stockados in y e space of fourteen 
days after the date hereof 

It is orderd that the following ordinance shall be pub- 
lishd for y e ringing of hoggs (viz 1 ) 

By the may'r aldermen & Coraonalty of the City of 

Whereas it is fourd by Experience that y e runing of 
hoggs at Large in this Citty & liberties thereof without 
being ringd attends much to y e damage of y e Inhabitants 
of y e s d City for preventing thereof & their roating up y e 
Grass it is therefore orderd that it Shall be Publishd 
ordaind & declard and it is hereby publishd ordaind & 
declard that no hog or hoggs pig or piggs Shall run at 
Large in the said Citty & Liberties at any time after y e 
publication hereof till well ringd in the nose with good 
iron wire & so done by y e hands of John Prize & wm. 
Turner or either of y'm who are hereby required to 
perform that Service for w'h y 6 ' owner of Such hog or 
hoggs pig or piggs are to pay them Six pence a peece for 
their pains that all Such hoggs & piggs w'h Shall be 
found Runing at large without being Ringd as afores d 
Shall be forfieted to y e use of Such person or persons as 
Shall take up the Same 

March 24. It is Resolved by y e Comonalty now con- 
viend that for y e future none of y e members belonging to 
y e Comonalty Shall absent themselvs to appear in Comon 
Councill (if duely warning given him or them or notice 
left at his or their house) on penalty of forfieting three 
Shillings for Every Such neglect for y e behoofe of y e 

March 25. This day it being agreed by Col'o Killiaen 
van Renselaer Esq'r of y e mannor of Renselaerwyck in 
y 6 County of albany of y e one part and y e mayor alder- 
men & Comonalty of y e s d City of y e other part, that y e 
Inhabitants & freeholders of y e City of albany shall have 
free liberty for y e space of twenty Six year Ensueing y e 
29 day of September last past to Cutt Ride Convey & 

The City Records. 285 

Carry away out of y e s d manor wood & stone for building 
fencing & fuel as also Timber & materialls for all other 
uses as they Shall have occasion for in y e s d City & liber- 
ties thereof paying therefore yearly unto y e s d Killiaen 
van Renselaer his heirs & assigns y e Sume of Ten Pound 
& a fatt Sheep on y e 29 day of Sep'r dureing y e s d term 

It is therefore Resolved y l y e mayor in behalfe of y e 
Comonalty Shall Sign Such Indenture with y e Said Kil- 
liaen van Renselaer accordingly 

March 26. Whereas for y e Safety of this City if fire 
Should take on any houses in y e Said City (which god 
prevent) It is thought neccessary & needfull that a well 
be made in each ward thereof and since at present Stone 
cannot well be Gott It is Resolved that Rob 1 Livingston 
Esq'r mayor and Joh's Cuyler Esq'r Record, do waite 
on Coll'o Ingoldesby Comanding officer of her maj'es 
Garrison here & desire Leave to take away about one 
hundred & Sixty Cart load of Stone (for makeing Such 
wells) Lying behind her maj'es fort with promise to 
return So much when demanded 

Att a mayors Court held in y e Citty hall of albany y e 

14th day of april 1713 
The Court opend 
Isaac kip Constable absent & fin'd^Six Shill's 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of albany 
y e 14th of april 1713 

It is Resolved that the aldermen in the Respective 
wards of this City Shall take care that forthw'th the 
Stockados w'h are fallen down be Sett up at y e charge of 
y 6 s d Citty 

Att a Mayors Court held in the Citty hall of albany 

y e 12 Day of May 1713 

Ordered that warning be given to the freemen and free 
holders of the Third ward for the said Citty of albany 

286 The City Records. 

to Electt & Chose a Constable In the Room of anthony 
Lewis to morrow the 13th Instant 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of albany 
y e 8th day of May 1713 

Whereas we are Informed that Some persons do or 
Intend to measure vacant or tinaproved ground within y e 
Limits of y e City by Pretence of having Right thereto It 
is therefore Resolved without Intent to debar any of his 
Just Right, that no vacant or unaproved Grounds Shall 
be measured within y e Limitts of this Citty till y e Com- 
monalty Shall have veiwed their titles of pretence and 
orders given to w'h End y e following persons viz 1 wessel 
ten Broek abraham Cuyler Harmanus wendell Esq'rs 
aldermen Evert wendell gysbert marcelis and Johan's 
ihanse Com. Councill or y e major part of them and Such 
others of y c Comonalty as will please to give their 
.assistance are appointed a Comittee and to make Return 
of their proceedings to y" Comonalty 


Whereas an order was made by y e Comonalty of this 
City on y e Eight day of this Instant may that no person 
or persons Should measure any vacant or Improved 
grounds within y e Limitts of this Citty of Albany untill 
they Shall have produced their titles of pretence Wessel 
Ten Broek abraham Cuyler Harmanus wendell Esq'rs 
aldermen, Evert wendell Gysbert Marcelis & Johannis 
Ihanse assistants or the major part of them being a Com- 
mittee appointed to view Such titles of pretence in pur- 
suance thereof, these are to give notice that on fryday 
the 22th of this Instant may at one a Clock in y e after- 
noon y e s d Committee Will meet in y e City hall of y e s d 
Citty to whom any person or persons so Claiming any 
Right title or pretence as above mentioned may adress 

In Mayor's Court, June 25, 1713. 
The Court opened & adjourned till this day forthnight 

The City Records. 287 

y e adjourning of y e Court, Isaac kip Constable of 
this day, affronting this hon'ble Court whereupon y e 
Court have orderd that he Shall pay twenty Shillings to 
y e Sherrif as a fine for Such Contempt 

Att a Comon Councill held in y e Citty hall of Albany,. 
y e 20th July 1713 

The Petition of Johan's harmense visher Relating five 
foot of Ground Sold to him by y e Commonalty being. 

Resolved, y l y e Same be taken in Consideration till y e 
next meeting in Comon Councill 

August 5. It is Resolved that Advertisements be fixt 
on the Publick Places of the City giving notice to the 
Creditors of the Said City that they Deliver in their 
accounts to the Citty Treasurer at anytime on or before 
the 12th Insta-nt: and that the following Gentlemen 
Viz 1 David Schuyler Wessell Ten Brook John Visker 
Evert Wendell Guisbert Marselis Johannis Hanse are 
appointed a Commitee to State the Said accounts and 
likewise of the Creditors in the Citty Book and to make 
Report thereoff to the Commonalty on the 14th Instant 
and it is further Resolv d that A Warrant be Issued to the 
assessors of the City to make an Estimate thereoff and 
Deliver in the Same under their hands and Seals to the 
Clerks Office on or before the Eight Instant 

The Petition of Johannis harmense visher being taken 
into Consideration, and his conveyance from former 
Comonalty Covenanted and agreed to & with the S d 
Petitioner that he Should Peaceably & quietly have hold 
& Enjoy y e five foot of Ground & premises therein men- 
tioned without y e Lawful Let Suit hinderance interrup- 
tion & disturbance of y e s d mayor Records aldermen & 
Comonalty and their Successors or any other person or 
persons whatsoever Lawfully Claiming any Right title or 
Intrest in or to y e s d five foot of ground with y e appur- 
tenances or any part thereof which the Comonalty are 
Resolv'd to maintain 

288 The City Records. 

Aug. 18. Pursuant to y e Resolution of y e Comonalty 
on y e 5 Instant the Comittee then appointed to view & 
Examine the accounts due to Sundry persons from this 
City who have brought in their Report this day whereby 
It appears that y e City is Indebted ye sume of 81: 9:1 J 
of w'h is already Credited 47: 18 It is orderd that y e 
rest be Credited in y e City book by the Treasurer 

The assessors of this City have according to the war- 
rant directed unto them delivered their Estimates in the 
Clarks office of this City amounting in -all to 2821 
whereon it is Resolved to be Lay'd Six pence on y e 
w'h is 70: 10 :6 It is therefore orderd that y e D Clarke 
draw over y Estimates & a warrant directed to y e Col- 
lector of this City that he Collect & pay y e s d Sume of 
money unto Teunis Brat City Treasurer on or before y e 
first of Septemb: deducting nine pence pr pound for 
Collecting the Same. 

October 3. It is resolved & orderd that from & after 
the fourth day of this Instant October no baker within 
this City do presume to Sell any white Loaves of Bread 
under the weight of one pound Such baker Receiving no 
more for the Same then two pence and the tenth part* of 
a penny which is y e Seaven Stivers it is likewise orderd 
y l Loaves made of Cornell Shall weigh two pound & a 
half and be Sould for four pence half penny and no more 
and In proportion for a loave of five pound nine pence 
by order of Comon Councill 

albany y e : 14th: October 1713 

This day being appointed by the Charter of y e City of 
albany for the aldermen of y e s d City to make a Returne 
of the aldermen assistants & Constables who are Choisen 
to Serve for y e Ensueing year and find by the written 
votes taken in each Respective ward that the following 
persons are Choisen" viz 1 

First Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

David Schuyler Daniel Brat 

harmanus wendell Evert wendell 

Tho. Me bath Constable 

The City Records. 289 

Second Ward. 

Aldermen. Assistants. 

Abraham Cuyler Hend'k Roseboom 

Johannis Roseboom Gysbert marcelis 

Tilman van Schelluyne Constable 

Third Ward. 

hend. hansen Johannis hansen 

wessel Ten Broek Peter Ryckman 

Teunis Eghbertse Constable 

Teunis Brat Chamberlain 
william Rodgers high Constable 

At a meeting of the Recorder aldermen & ass'ts of the 
City of albany the 31th day of octob'r 1713 

Whereas it is thought very necessary and Convenient 
for the Safety & preventing of takeing fire & other 
unhappy accidents Wh may arrive & attend in this City 
(w'h God forbid) that a bellman be nominated appointed 
& hired at the Charge of the said City, to go Round in 
the Streets of the s d City Every hour of the night after 
nine a Clock, This meeting have tharefore thought fitt & 
Convenient to agree with Robert Barret to be the bell 
man of this City for one whole year Commencing p'mo 
nov'r next and perform the duty following that is to Say 
to go Round in the Said City Every hour of the night 
from Ten a Clock at night till four in the morning and 
tell the hour of the night and what wheather it is at the 
places following viz 1 first at the main Guard as he goes 
out thereof, then in the midle of the Street, at the 
bridge of Joh's Dvvandlaers, then sit the Great bridge by 
Coll'o Schuylers, then at y e Cross Street at the house of 
Mr. holland, then on the midle of the Street before the 
Street that comes out by Joseph Yetts, then at Robert 
Livingston Jun'r Esq'r mayor of this City, then in the 
midle of the Cross Street w'h fronts the paril Street 
then in the midle of the Street, over against the 
houses of Abraham Cuyler Esq/r & Stephanis Groes- 

290 The City Records. 

beek then in the midle of the Street between Cap 1 Jan 
Janse Bleeker & Jan Lansing then at the Corner of Mr. 
Joh's Roseboom, then in the Street between the houses 
of Joh's Cuyler Esq'r Rec'r & the house of Joh's visher, 
then in the midle of the Street between gysbert marcelis 
& william Jacobse, then in the midle of the Street at 
Cap 1 Joh's mingalls w'h fronts the Lane, for w'h Service 
it is Concluded & agree that the s d Robert Barret Shall 
have & Receive the Sume of twenty one pound Currant 
money of this Colony payable in august next, Sixty 
load of wood & two Candles Every night 

Albany the 10th day of novemb'r 1713 
This day Robert Livingston Jun'r Esq'r may'r of this 
City was Sworn for the due Execution of his office & 
toke y e oath's appointed by act of parlament 

Hend. hansen David Schuyler Joh's Roseboom Wessel 
Ten Broek Abraham Cuyler harmanus wendell Esq'rs 
ald'n toke the oaths appointed by act of parlament 

Att a Comon Councill held in the City hall of albany 
the 10th daynov'r 1713 

It is Resolved by the Comonalty that an ordinance be 
published prohibiting all persons within this City & 
County to Sell or Expose to Sale any Liquor by Retaile 
under the quantity of five gallons without being first 
duely Licenced on penalty as the act of gen'l assembly 
doth direct 

By the mayor aldermen and Comonalty of the City of 

An Ordinance. 

Forasmuch as divers persons within this City & County 
do presume to Sell Strong Liquor by Retaile without 
being lycenced forj preventing the Same, it is hereby 
publish' d ordaind & declard y l from & after y e publica- 

The City Records. 291 

tion hereof no person or persons whatsoever within y e 
s d City & County Shall by themselvs or any oy'rs Sell or 
Expose to Sale any Strong liquor by retaile under y e 
quantity of five gallons without being duely Licenced 
on pain & penalty of forfieting for each Such offence 
what is mentioned & Expressed in an act of gen'l assem- 
bly of y e Colony of new york in y l Case made & pro- 
vided given in albany y e llth day of n'br in y e 12th 
year of her maj's Reign annoq'o Do. 1713 

By order of Com. Councill 


< 292 ) 



[At pages 45, 46, of vol. iii, may be seen how disas- 
trously this judgment fell upon the household of the 
unfortunate Ahasuerus. His pewter plate, tongs, snaffle 
and gun were sold by the sheriff, producing 2: 14:7, 
which was eleven pence short of satisfying the judgment 
and expenses!] 

Pleas held before Hend'k hansen Esq'r Mayor Jan 
Janse Bleeker Record'r Johannes Schuyler Hend: 
Van Renselaer Jan Vinghgen Albert Rykman Wes- 
sell ten Brook Esq'rs Aldermen at y e Court of May. 
and Aldermen held for y e Citty of Albany y e 13th 
day of December 1698 in y e Tenth Year of y e Reign 
of our Souveraign Lord William y e 3 by y e grace of 
god of England Scotland France and Irland king 
Defender of y e Faith &a 

BEE IT REMEMBRED y l on y e s' 1 day came before us y e 
s d mayor Recorder and Aldermen John fine and brought 
here into Court against Aasueras Marselis his certain 
bill with pledges to prosecute Viz 1 John Doe and Rich 1 
Roe wh: bill follows in these words Viz 1 Anno : Regm : 
Reg'es Will'm 3 Eng d &a: 10' John fine of y e Citty of 
Albany Cooper Complains against Ahasroerus marselis 
of y e s d Citty shoemaker of a Plea of tresspasse upon 
y e Case, and thereupon y e s d John fyne saith y l whereas 
y e 18th day of Novembr: 1698 there being a Parcell of 
firewood belonging to him John fyne Lyeing at y e River 

Ancient Judgment Record. 293 

Side at Albany aforesaid which said Parsell he did Per- 
ceive dayly to decrease & dimmish and y 1 Part thereof 
must be stole in Reguard he did not burn nor Consume 
y e same and haveing Suspicion y l y e said Ahasuerus 
Marselus was y e Person y 1 did take y" Same away he y e 
said John fine did on y e day of this Instant Novembr: 
together with Serg' kinard Enter into y e house of y e s' 1 
Ahasuerus where he fouride a good fire made of his y e s d 
John fines wood which he then and there did Challenge 
and Carry away and to y e mayor of this Citty did Show 
and Compare with his wood, by which it did Manifestly 
appear to be taken from his said Pile as if one tally 
were struck from anoy'r & where as y e s ' ahasuerus his 
wife did call him y e s d John fine a Rogue & Severall other 
opprobrious words when he went with y e s d Kinard to 
see if his wood had not been purloind & Embazld by her 
husband as aforesaid whereupon he says y l he is worse 
and hath dammage to y e value of Tenn pounds and there 
of Bringeth Sute & y e s d ahasuerus marseles in his owne 
Proper person cometh and defendeth y e force and Injurij 
when & for his Plea Saith y 1 he is not guiltij in manner 
& form as y e PI: declares against him neither did he ever 
take anij of y e PI: woods for he was from home when y e 
thing should have happend & further says y l y PI : hath 
with force & violence taken wood from his fire & thereof 
putts himself upon y e Countreij & y e PI: in like manner 
whereupon Command is [given] to y e Sherriffe y 1 he 
cause to come &a: Twelve good men &a: by whom &a: 
and who as well &a: to Recognize &a: and afterwards 
come as well y e s d John fine as y e s d ahasuerus marselles 
and y e Sherriffe Returned y e P'cept to him directed in 
all things served together w'th a Pannell of y e names of 
y e Jurors y e same daij in which Pennell are named 
Luykas gerritse Elbert gerritse Joh's Luykase Daniel 
Bratt fredrick harmese Peter mingael william hogen 
Phillip Schuyler warner Carstence will: gysbertse will: 
van Alo & John Carr who being Elected Tryed and 
Sworne to Speake y e truth in y 6 premises & haveing 
given y e Case in Charge to y e Jurij & after they had 

204 Ancient Judgment Record. 

heard y e Evidences of Serg 1 kinnar Dirk vandheyde &a: 
they y s d Jurors after Somme Consideration thereof had 
came to y e Barr and Deliverd in there V'dict and doe 
find for y e Plaintiefe Cost of Court & Six pence damage 
It is therefore Considerd by y e Court y l y e Def 1 Ahusu- 
erres Marsellis doe Paij unto John fine y e Plaintiffe y e 
Somme of six pence & y l he paij y e Somme of Two & 
twenty s & 6 pence Curant moneij to y e PI for his Costs 
& Charges of Proscution at y" Discretion of y e s d Court 
adjudged It is further Considerd y 1 y e s d John fine have 
Execution against y e s d Ahasuerus Marselles for his 
damage & costs aforesaid & y e s ! .ahesueris is in mercij 



[The following paper was communicated to the New 
York Courier and Enquirer by J. H. BOGART, Esq., in the 
early part of the year 1855.] 

Whoever has not read that exceedingly agreeable book, 
Written by Mrs. Grant, which, under the title of the 
Memoirs of an American Lady, is in truth the best sketch 
of the society of New York, and its local history for the 
stirring period between the French and the Revolutionary 
War ; whoever has not read this delightful book will be 
ever grateful to your correspondent, if through his sug- 
gestion that pleasure become theirs; and whoever has, 
and is familiar with its narrative, its true record so 
pleasantly told that the grave history becomes a winning 
story, will not deem the narrative of a visit to the locali- 
ties uninteresting. 

There are groups of houses, villas, manufactories,, 
country seats, cottages, and mansions, canal road, and 
railway, so thronged into contiguity near the scenes which 
Mrs. Grant delineates, that it is difficult to declare them 
in city or country. Between the two cities, the villages 
and hamlets of Watervliet, and West Troy, and Washing- 
ton, and Gibbonsville, and Port Schuyler, have at last 
all combined into the energetic and prosperous West 
Troy, numbering beyond its ten thousand, and feeling 
already all proper independency of the larger cities, its 
neighbors. River, canal, road, and railway, furnish the 
means of transit, and by all, a crowd are traversing the 
few miles of distance that separate Troy and Albany. 
The old coach rolls along the hard Me Adam highway, its. 
driver wondering that the world has deserted him; the 
train dashes on in its twelve minute time, its conductor 
wondering "who in the world" would seek other convey-- 
ance than his. 

I was indebted to the courtesy of the Hon. Mr. Crosby ,. 
[Annals, vi.] 26 

296 The Aunt Schuyhr House. 

of the Senate, for the opportunity of visiting the scenes 
which so many of the. most impressive occurrences of the 
times before the Revolution had made memorable. The 
alliance of Mr. Crosby with the family of General John 
Schuyler, made his companionship the means of seeing 
these localities with the best means of accuracy. 

Aunt Schuyler was the wife and widow of Philip 
Schuyler, a gentleman of distinction and high respecta- 
bility in the colony, who resided at a house immediately 
on the western side of the road which ran directly on the 
bank of the Hudson. His home during his life, and in 
equal elegance during much of the remaining years of 
Madame Schuyler's life, was the centre of the best society 
that Albany could furnish. The best people that England 
placed in her army were found there. It was the abode 
of a taste and refinement not universal in that day, and 
the British officer found, in the parlor of Madame, the 
same grace of manner, and dignity, and appreciation of 
cultivation, which reminded him of the polished society 
he had left beyond the sea. She possessed the great good 
sense and thorough manner which gave to her home, and 
the hospitality ever found there, a character which 
regulated the society of which it was the centre. That 
splendid arrny which made its fatal campaign under Lord 
Howe, furnished many guests to her table, and the young 
nobleman whose death was the great disaster of the war, 
had his journey northward rendered agreeable by the good 
offices of Madame. In this life of useful and elegant 
courtesies, Madame Schuyler found the years of her resi- 
dence on the river bank pass away. 

The father of Mr. Philip Schuyler was a man of com- 
'inanding influence. Possessing great control over the 
Indians in his vicinity and winning their confidence, he 
visited the home government as England then was 
taking with him a delegation of the chiefs rare visitors 
then to the streets of London. The court of Queen Anne 
received the group of red men with great favor, and as a 
testimonial of the royal approbation of the embassy, the 
queen directed Mr. Schuyler's portrait to be painted. 

The Aunt Schuyler House. 297 

Our first visit was to the residence of one of his de- 
scendants, where with a good taste and care unusual in 
this country, this historic picture is faithfully preserved. 
A noble painting it is. Mr. Schuyler was of command- 
ing presence tall, and with features that indicate the 
man of resolution and purpose. The dress is .a gay 
ornamental full costume in a strength of coloring that 
is yet unbroken. It has all the appointments of the 
elegant man of those days is correct in drawing, and 
justifies the belief that it was the work of one of eminence. 
The approbation of the queen was well bestowed. It 
has enabled us to know the lineaments of one of that class 
of men so worthily distinguished in the colonial days 
and whose vigor of character prepared the way for the 
bolder act of a subsequent period. In this house I saw 
also an old oak arm chair, adorned with profusion of 
moulding and carving, and cherished as a relic of Madame 
Schuyler's furniture, and in itself, by its style, a truthful 
evidence of the elegance by which in solid and sub- 
stantial arrangement her house must have been fur- 

From this house (whose owner, I take pleasure to say 
in parting from him, is honored and cherished by all who 
know him) I visited the residence of Aunt Schuyler. 
This is situate immediately on the river a small area only 
between it and the bank of the stream in the last cen- 
tury the great north road, the highway of the pioneer, 
the settler, the trader, of brave armies, of. troop and com- 
mander, the path over which the brilliant and gallant 
young Howe led his force to the fight of Lake George, and 
over which, the captive Burgoyne rode by the side of his 
conqueror. The house which was the scene of the best 
hospitalities that the colony gave, out of the city of New 
York, was burnt in 1763, but not so thoroughly but that 
a part of the old wall is left, and it was curious to-day to 
trace the disordered line where the later masonry had 
been joined to the more ancient structure, whose unyield- 
ing mortar seemed to have acquired the tenacity of stone 
itself. The present edifice is old for America. It has 

298 The Aunt Schuyler House. 

a hall of fine width, rooms of good dimensions, windows 
of admirable magnitude. How curious it seemed to find, 
in this day, the quaint old front door, divided into an 
upper and lower door ; the singularly shaped iron knocker, 
fulfilling its own duty and that of the handle of the door. 
To lean over this lower half seemed like being brought 
back to the days when Albany contained many of its men, 
as of its customs, of other days. 

The kitchen part of the house had been at the period 
when Mrs. Grant knew it, for a time, the residence of 
her father. 

She was Miss McVickar, the daughter of an officer in 
the British service, and when she was a bright, romantic, 
enthusiastic little creature, idolizing Aunt Schuyler, and 
creating all bright fancies for herself, around the old house 
on the island, and by her side, little dreaming that her 
literary reputation should be such, and her caste of society 
such, that Sir Walter declared "the circle at Mrs.. Grant's 
is positively cerulean." 

I found at the house a lady, whom Heaven has so 
blessed as to give extreme old age, in possession of un- 
dimmed good sense, intelligence, and courtesy; and though 
ninety-one years have passed over her y of memory so 
correct and unbroken as to make participation in her 
society a most agreeable experience. I would be glad to 
say more, if it were not infringing on a just rule. This 
lady, who has dwelt here for almost all of a life so long, 
retains a recollection of having once seen Aunt Schuyler, 
while in Albany, and her description of her coincides 
fully with that given by Mrs. Grant. She was of immense 
size, so much so that it became wearisome to herself to 
move v about. When her house (the predecessor of this 
one) was burned, she was carried in her arm chair to the 
river's edge, and could only sit patiently and see her house 
in destruction. After this she lived for a number of years 
in Albany, occupying a house on the south side of State 
street a little above Pearl street ; but before her death 
she again removed to the house the scene of to-day's 
visit. It was of intense interest to be allowed to con- 

The Aunt Schuyler House. 299 

verse with one, in the enjoyment of life and intellect, 
who could bear witness to the accuracy of Mrs. Grant's 
delightful narrative. 

When Burgoyne and Gates were in the conflict of 
Saratoga, the gentleman who resided at this house, heard, 
for it was a quiet summer afternoon, the far-off war of 
the cannonade, and became so intensely excited for the 
safety of his two sons who were with the American 
troops, that he expressed (as we should call it) his 
negro man to gather tidings. Off dashed the faithful man, 
and by hard riding reached the scene. Tying his horse 
to a rail he sought his master's boys ; but a shot crashed 
among the rail, and off ran his pacific animal, not being 
of the war-horse race. Knowing that he could not face 
Mr. Schuyler, without bringing the information desired, 
he chased away after his scared steed, and securing him, 
after his young master. He found him well and un- 
harmed among his fellow soldiers, and young Schuyler 
gave him his jack-knife to bear home to his father, as an 
evidence that his mission had been faithfully accomplished. 

Of such legends, this old house is replete. They tell, 
with pleasure, of the rare delight that Mrs. Grant's 
father manifested when, under the specific directions, 
even to the actual load of the gun, of Mr. Schuyler, he 
secured a splendid deer as the trophy of his first wood- 
craft, and how proud he felt as the animal was brought 
in, his great size making his weight a heavy burden for 
the horse. 

From the conversation about the incidents of the war, 
of the alarms by the threatened attack of Indians, moved 
to unrelenting warfare against the frontier by the John- 
sons and by Brandt, from legends of the past, told not as 
of history, but as of personal participation, I turned 
reluctantly, to finish this interesting visit by an ex- 
amination of the old grave-yard, the family burial place 
of this ancient name. 

The husband of Aunt Schuyler has the most conspicuous 
grave. There is a tablet raised on pillars of carved free- 
stone, and on it this inscription: 

300 The Aunt Schuyler House. 

In memory of 

Col. Philip Schuyler. 

A gentleman who was improved 

In several public employments 

In which he acted with integrity. 

He was singularly honored. 
A sincere friend and kind master, 

A most tender husband, 

He lived respected, and died greatly lamented. 
Feb. 16, 1758. 

And where rests Madame Schuyler, to whom one of 
the most agreeable of all the feminine writers of the Old 
World gave the high honor of selecting her life and por- 
traiture as that of the American Lady ? By her husband ' s 
side, in a namelesss grave, without tablet or monument, 
the very earth not even giving its swelling token of a 
burial beneath, rests this lady without the record of whose 
generous and elegant hospitality, one of the most interest- 
ing of the pages of New York history could not be written. 

Aunt Schuyler died amidst the opening struggles of the 
Revolution. From a thousand old associations, the in- 
fluence of which it was most natural she should feel, 
her sympathies were with the royals, though her wise 
guidance of her conduct kept her old age from partizan- 
ship. Yet those were bitter days when family ties 
snapped suddenly before the conflict of opinion, and it 
may well be, that even her memory waned amidst the 
wild and earnest struggles which convulsed society and 
thus, kindred and friend thought it enough that her last 
home was made, where her heart most desired it, by her 
husband's side. There are those left of her lineage who 
will not long allow this unmarked grave. 

The river has changed since the days of Mrs. Grant's 
delineation. Then it was a free and beautiful stream 
the channel close by the west shore, so that the white 
sail reflected the sun's gleams upon Aunt Schuyler's 
house, There are now useful but ugly dykes, and the 
beautiful island, in the description of which the historian 
revels, is grown larger I fear not more beautiful. The 
glen of Wynant's kill, so romantic and so lovely in her 

The Aunt Schuyler House. 301 

day, is a busy manufactory, where the glare of the furnace 
light is cast upon the foliage, or illuminates the winter 
night. The ice breaks up in no great fields as her vivid 
description pictures, but in less grandeur, but more 
safety, of smaller fragments yet there is the old wall of 
the old house, as it was when Howe was there and as 
it was when the cousin Philip the conqueror of Burgoyne 
was visitor there as it was when royal soldier met loyal 
welcome. All is not changed: there is something of the 
past to speak to the present. 

The superb diamond ring that Queen Anne gave to the 
Schuyler that brought to her court the painted and proud 
Indian, has disappeared gone away with the roving 
fortunes of a branch of the family. The estate is held 
yet, as it was in the last century, by those who bear the 
name of the family and if I might speak of the circum- 
stances of the hospitality of my entertainer, I might 
associate with the interesting legends of other days, the 
gentler loveliness of the life before us. Not much in 
America is historic. We remove, as if posterity would 
not visit our recklessness with bitter censure, the monu- 
ment of the past in our story. It is intensely gratifying 
to find, as the present visit enabled me, these memories 
of an honorable and useful career still cherished by those 
whose kindred were the actors in the scene. The old 
Schuyler House must, while it remains, be one of the most 
interesting of our localities, and if this sketch win de- 
lineation of it, from better limners of the scene, I shall 
be repaid. 



At a late meeting of the New York State Agricultural 
Society, Mr. Elisha Dorr, of Albany, exhibited a col- 
lection of plums which attracted great attention, and 
received various premiums. Among them were several 
valuable kinds not generally known, including some 
seedlings raised by Mr. Dorr. In the Country Gentleman 
Mr. Dorr has given a history and description of these 
plums, which we copy. The variety called Schuyler 
Gage is one on which some mystery has heretofore rested. 
The same name has been applied to another variety a 
plum believed by Downing and others to be identical 
with the Green Gage. The late Isaac Denniston, of 
Albany, called it the Schuyler Gage, because he procured 
the tree which bore it from the grounds of Gen. Philip 
Schulyer. The tree might have been a seedling of the 
Green Gage. It was transferred to Mr. Denniston's 
garden about the beginning of the present century, and 
became the parent of many fine varieties now named in 
catalogues, and in several instances reproduced its own 
fruit with exact similarity. Under the name of Schuyler 
Gage the, variety produced by this tree has been exten- 
sively disseminated. 

The variety called Schuyler Gage by Mr. Dorr, and 
well described by him, is quite different from that just 
spoken of. It is of great value on account of its excellent 
flavor and extraordinary lateness. We have plucked it, 
in high perfection, from the original tree, in the month 
of November, when the ground was covered with snow. 
The tree was much decayed when we first saw it, and is 
now dead. Mr. Dorr, fortunately, has secured the variety 
by inoculating it on other stocks. We should have pre- 
ferred a name that would have prevented any confusion 
in regard to its identity, and would suggest whether the 

Albany Plums. 303 

word late might not be added with advantage, and the 
name made Schuyler's Late Gage. 

Mr. Dorr's Wax Plum we saw at the exhibition of the 
New York State Agricultural Society, in October last, 
and thought it the most beautiful plum we had ever seen. 
The quality, also, was very fine. 

[The foregoing is copied from a newspaper cutting, 
which can not now be identified. What follows appears 
to be Mr. Dorr's account of the plums.] 

Madison Plum. This fine seedling, so highly recom- 
mended by the Fruit Congress which met at Philadelphia 
I think in 1849, was raised by that celebrated plum 
grower, the late Isaac Denniston, of Albany. It came 
into bearing in 1848, and on the 16th of October, 1849, 
I saw ,and eat its fruit, in company with Mr. Sanford 
Howard, who then remarked to me that it was a plum, 
which, if grown for market, would pay enormously, 
being so late and beautiful a variety. I accordingly pro- 
cured scions the following spring very fortunately too 
as the succeeding summer the tree, from an unknown 
cause, died. Its size rather above medium; color, rich 
yellow with carmine cheek ; bloom, whitish ; freestone ; 
flavor, very rich, sugary, sprightly and very fine. Season, 
October. A fine grower. 

Scfruyler Gage. This is one of the most beautiful and 
desirable of plums^ on account of its lateness being 
eaten by me the past season when the snow covered the 
ground. It never suffers from the attacks of the curculio, 
like most other varieties, which fact immeasurably en- 
hances its value with me, being always sure of a crop. 
It was raised by Gen. Schuyler, of Revolutionary 
memory, from the Green Gage, and was esteemed by 
him so great an acquisition that he never disseminated 
it; but gave to his rival fruit grower, Isaac Denniston, 
buds of the Green Gage instead. Mr. Denniston always 
believed it the Green Gage, saying he obtained buds of 
Gen. Schuyler himself, which, when fruited, was none 
other than the Green Gage. So choice was this variety 
with the General, that none but his intimate friends were 

304 Albany Plums. 

at his table served with them, and when solicited by them 
for scions, some other variety was substituted. Mr. 
Denniston frequently alluded to the strife which prevailed 
in the days of Gen. S., to obtain and exclusively possess 
varieties of choice fruit, and the amusing tricks resorted 
to when applied to for them he having been for years 
duped by them. 

After the death of Gen. S., the late John Bryan pur- 
chased the grounds, and finding an aged tree of this 
variety, grafted from it. Soon after the death of Mr. 
Bryan, the grounds came into the possession of Mr. E. 
C. M'Intosh, to whom we are indebted for making known 
this long heard of variety. In the fall of 1847 or 1848, 
Mr. M'Intosh brought to Mr. Howard and myself, some 

S'ums to identify. Being unknown to us, we visited Mr. 
enniston to have them named, but without avail. At 
the request of Mr. M'Intosh we soon after visited his 
grounds to learn more of this variety, and there learned 
from a daughter of the late John Bryan, its name and 
history. It was raised about 1800 (as stated above), from 
the Green Gage. During the life time of her father, he 
never disseminated it, nor would he permit it to be done. 
We thus see why this choice fruit never was made known 
while possessed by two such peculiar men remaining in 
their possession full half a century ; and why all pomo- 
logists have erred in calling it a synonym of the Green 
Gage. The fruit is medium size, long oval; skin golden 
yellow, dotted and washed with carmine; bloom white; 
stem 1J inches long. Flesh yellowish, quite juicy, high 
flavored, luscious, sprightly, fine. Stone, free. Season 
from 15th Oct. to 15th Nov. An erect grower. 

The Wax Plum is a new seedling raised by me, and 
shown at the State Fair in New York. It is a quite late 
variety, ripening during the month of Oct., when light 
colored plums are gone. Its parents I believe to have 
been Bleecker's Yellow and Denniston's Superb, favoring 
more in its outline and stein, the Bleecker than the 
Superb, and in the growth and productiveness of the 
tree. Fruit large size, slight oval, stem quite 2 inches 

Albany Plums. 305 

long and hairy ; color the richest yellow, mostly covered 
with carmine; bloom lilac; flesh greenyellow, juicy, 
firm, saccharine, with a sprightly, very pleasant flavor. 
Free stone. Season October. 

Howard's Favorite, is another seedling raised by me, 
and named after Sanford Howard, from the preference 
shown by him for it, whenever he visited my grounds. 
[This preference was given not wholly on account of the 
flavor of the fruit, but in a considerable degree for its 
beauty and prolific character. S. H.] What either of its 
parents were, I am unable to tell. It is a profuse bearer, 
yielding me, this dry season, 2J barrels of fruit. It 
possesses a peculiarity which greatly enhances its value 
for my bleak grounds, that of resisting the gales of 
summer. Indeeed so great is its tenacity, that it is im- 
possible to knock them off without breaking the fruit 
spurs. It is a continuous ripener for six weeks. A very 
handsome grower, forming a fine rounded head. Leaves 
deep green, very large and crumply. Quite ornamental. 
Fruit, large sized, jug shaped; stem, 1J inches long, 
inserted in a rim like the egg plum ; color rich yellow, 
dotted and shaded with carmine; bloom lilac; skin thick; 
flesh rather coarse, but very sugary, rich and delicious, 
clinging somewhat to the stone. 'Season Sept. 

Henry Clay another seedling raised by me, and bore 
fruit first in 1852. It was raised from pits of Howard's 
Favorite. Of large size, considerably more so than, its 
parent, being broader and heavier. Color bright yellow 
on sunny side, with carmine cheek. Stem quite long, 
near 2 inches in length, slightly sunken; bloom whitish; 
skin tough; flesh yellow, rich, sugary, delicious. A 
noble plum, both in size, quality and beauty. Half 
cling and half free, like its great namesake. It was 
named by Dr. Warder, of Cincinnati he deeming it 
worthy of so honorable a name. Season 1st Sept. 

The five preceding are not excelled for productiveness. 
For beauty I know of none that can compare with them. 
For quality, they are not excelled by any, and for late- 
ness, where can five varieties be found that will furnish 
fruit for a period of 2 J months ? 

Albany Plums. x 

Lady Plum is another seedling raised from the Mirabille. 
It -is quite a pretty fruit, esteemed highly for preserving 
T-this being its chief quality. It is a rampant grower 
leaves small and pointed. An abundant bearer. Fruit 
quite small, oval; stem short and stout; color greenish 
yellow, spotted with brown; stone free and small; flavor 
acid. Season last of September. 

( 307 ) 


From the Albany Atlas. 

Mr. Spencer, was born in Hudson, Columbia county, 
in this state, in 1787, and, entering public life in his 
extreme youth, and preserving an active connection with 
public affairs till his death, his career may be said to 
have been almost coincident with that of the state itself. 

He was the son of Ambrose Spencer, a man whose 
iron will and marked individuality of character he in- 
herited, with its power and its imperfections. His 
father was on the bench of the supreme court in 1807-8, 
when Mr. Spencer was appointed by Gov. Tompkins 
his private secretary; and he was selected, in the latter 
year, to carry to Washington the electoral vote of the 
state just cast for Madison for president. 

In 1811, he was appointed master in chancery for 
Ontario Co. In 1814, he was appointed postmaster of 
Canandaigua. In 1815, he was appointed by Gov. Tomp- 
kins district attorney for the five western counties of 
the state. 

During the war with Great Britain he was active and 
influential in the support of the administration of Tomp- 
kins; and his father, Judge Ambrose Spencer, broke 
with his political friends, the federalists, rather than 
tolerate their unpatriotic course of resistance and ob- 
struction. A son, the elder brother of John C., Ambrose 
Spencer, Jr., fell at Lundy's Lane, while fighting under 
Brown and Scott; and another brother, Capt. Wm. A. 
Spencer, entered the navy, and died a year ago in New 
York. In the year 1817-19, he was a member of con- 
gress ; and in the latter year, while still in the house of 
representatives, received the support of the Clintonian 
members of the state legislature for the post of U. S. 
senator. The nomination was the occasion of the rup- 

[Annals, vi.] 27 

308 John C. Spencer. 

ture of the relations between the Clintonians, and the 
Democrats (called in the phrase of the day Bucktails), 
who nad preferred Col. Young for the office. The latter 
received 57 votes to 64 for Mr. Spencer, the remaining 
votes being cast for Rufus King. 

In 1819, while still in congress, he was elected to 
the assembly, and the next year was speaker of that 
body. He was then the champion and the leader of the 
party of De Witt Clinton, which was then in close 
alliance with the Federal party. His speakership closed 
in a storm, and by a refusal of many of his opponents 
to concur in the customary vote of thanks. He was 
state senator in 1825, '6, '7 and '8. 

The death of Gov. Clinton broke up the personal party 
that rallied around him and of which Mr. Spencer was 
the moving spirit; but before it occurred both these 
distinguished names were enlisted to the support of 
Andrew Jackson for the presidency, both again separat- 
ing from their friends, in order to assume this vantage 
ground of strength and popularity. Before the death of 
Clinton, he appointed Mr. Spencer to a work with which 
his reputation will doubtless long be identified, a task 
eminently congenial to his habits of thought, his extensive 
knowledge of law, and his power of analysis the re- 
vision of the statutes of the state. 

The commission was composed of John C. Duer, Benj. 
F. Butler and Henry Wheaton. The appointment of the 
latter by President Adams to the diplomatic post he 
afterwards filled with so much reputation, left a vacancy, 
to which Mr. Spencer was appointed. It was a work of 
great labor, and comparing it with what has been done 
in our own and in other countries in the same depart- 
ment of public reform, it was an eminently successful 
work. It effected many changes, facilitated many of 
the operations of the law, and simplified it; but it left 
the great structure, as it had gradually been reared by 
successive generations, to retain all its majesty of form 
and to lose none of its harmony of proportions. 

In 1829 he was appointed by Governor Van Buren, 

John C. Spencer. 309 

special counsel to prosecute the abductors and supposed 
murderers of Morgan, an office which he abandoned 
because the state refused to allow him the sum of $2000, 
necessary, in his opinion, to procure the testimony and 
attendance of a convicting witness. The appointment, 
its resignation, and the controversy to which it gave 
rise, threw him into the ranks of the rising Antimasonic 
party of which he soon became the master spirit. In 
1831 he was the leader of that party in the assembly; 
and in 1833 was again on the floor of that body, where 
he had sought a seat for the purpose of sustaining the 
administration of Francis Granger, who had been put 
forward by his friends for governor, with the most 
sanguine prospects of success. 

That expectation was disappointed ; and the Anti- 
masonic party, after a brief and fruitless career, subsided 
into the usual course of opposition, was reabsorbed into 
the Whig party, and remained a minority till 1838, when, 
amid the wrecks of speculation, occasioned by the mone- 
tary changes of that time, it came into power. He was 
appointed, by the Whig legislature of 1839, secretary of 
state, in the place of Gen. Dix; was next comptroller 
in place of Bates Cook, deceased, and was taken from 
the state administration in 1841, by President Tyler, to 
assume, first, the office of secretary of war, and again 
that of secretary of the treasury. He entered the cabinet 
of Tyler "with the advice and consent of his political 
friends the Whigs of the state of New York." So the 
Eve. Journal proclaimed in announcing his acceptance; 
but the connection was one that soon carried him beyond 
the sympathies or toleration of his party. 

He had been associated with Tyler in the congress of 
1819, and had distinguished himself by an able report 
against the Bank of the United States. This formed the 
tie of an honorable connection, and the extraordinary 
administrative abilities of Mr. Spencer were invaluable 
ta the incoherent and disorganized cabinet which Mr. 
Tyler, in his unexpected accession to the presidency, 
was compelled to rely upon. The office severed him 

310 John C. Spencer. 

from his friends, and the course of Mr. Clay, in pro- 
claiming the outlawry of the administration, each day 
made the breach wider. Powerless for success, or even 
self-defence, the administration of President Tyler was 
yet capable of mischief to its assailants. In 1842, Mr. 
Spencer returned to New York to advocate the election 
of Gov. Bouck, who was running against Mr. Bradish, 
and to proclaim the virtues of John Tyler, " who had 
been brought up at the feet of Jefferson." He remained 
in the cabinet till 1844 ; and though he was an advocate 
of the election of Taylor in '48, and Scott in '52, never 
regained his ascendency in his party. Indeed he lived 
to bear testimony, like Clay and Webster, and many 
others, to the faithlessness, the selfishness, and the 
organic weakness of that party testimony not the fruit 
of personal disappointment, but of philosophic experience. 
A career so varied, in which personal and partizan at- 
tachments were held so lightly, in which opinions and 
personal relations were so subordinated to ambition, was 
calculated to impair everything like political faith in the 
-character of the mover. An insatiable activity of mind, 
;a knowledge of the widest scope, an aptitude for public 
affafrs, inherited, indulged in from youth, and disciplined 
through manhood, made him so conscious of his fitness 
for public station, as to close his thoughts to all lesser 
considerations. It kept him to the last busied with the 
affairs of the state; and made him indifferent to the 
character of the employment in which his wondrous 
energy and adroitness and acuteness might be employed. 
His death was hastened by the labors he volunteered in 
exposition of the affairs of Union College and in defence 
of Dr. Nott; His perverted ingenuity was manifested 
in the conception of the nine million bill, which he 
framed with all the sophistry of his subtle genius and 
though detesting the men in whose interest the magnifi- 
cent scheme of chicanery was contrived he seems to 
have become enlisted in the attempt to undermine the 
constitution, merely from a desire to exercise his talents 
as an engineer! 

John C. Spencer. 311 

Yet he did much that will endure after him. His 
career in congress; his support of the war of 1812; his 
part in the revision of the statutes ; his legislative course 
generally, were honorable to himself and useful to the 
state. He took early ground for the abolition of im- 
prisonment for debt in this state, and inspired, if he did 
not draw the bill by which that measure was incorpo- 
rated into our laws. He was active in the construction 
and extension of our common school system. 

He also introduced many practical reforms in the 
laws, the character of which the legal profession alone 
can adequately appreciate. When speaker of the as- 
sembly he organized the business of the house on the 
basis on which it now stands. No man living knew so 
much of the history of the laws of this state from their 
origin through all their changes, as he. 

He had indeed wonderful capacity for detail ; and he 
permitted himself to be carried away by it. With a 
mind appreciative of the higher philosophy of legislation 
and of politics as was manifested in his edition of De 
Tocqueville's Democracy, and his appreciation of that 
book, and the impress which he imparted to it, in his 
intercourse with the author he seldom stood far enough 
aloof from parties and interests, to regard them ab- 
stractly. His mind was nearer like that of Calhoun than 
any other American ; with the advantage on the side of 
the southerner of a mode of life that lifted him above 
the necessity of submission to detail. He was, like the 
southerner, capable, ambitious, indomitable, free from 
all personal vices; deficient, too, like him, in the plastic 
and congenial qualities that attach followers to party 
leaders. The versatility of position that marked the 
career of both was not the result of flexibility of purpose 
or vascillation of opinion in either; but of powerful ambi- 
tion, wielding intellect as a weapon, and opening for 
itself a career wherever it chose. Like the Carolinian, 
too, he was proud of his native state, for he knew its 
history and the great events of which it had been the 
theatre, and he resented the false pretensions by which 
sectional egotism had sought to depreciate it. 

312 John C. Spencer. 

Mr. Spencer married in 1809 a daughter of James Scott 
Smith, and commenced the practice of law in Canan- 
daigua. He regarded that place as his home, until 1845, 
when he returned to Albany, where, for the last ten 
years he has resided. He closed his life, after a painful 
and protracted illness, on the 21st of May, 1855, in the 
68th year of his age. 

Such a character stands out with distinctness amid the 
crowd of commonplace men, his cotemporaries ; and in 
referring to him in terms different from those of ordinary 
and indiscriminate eulogy, with which the multitude go 
down to oblivion, we feel that we are but making a re- 
cognition of a character fit to be historic. 


Messrs. Editors: I had commenced "preparing some 
notes relative to the memory of my long cherished friend, 
the late John C. Spencer, when the very full and able 
obituary in your paper of Friday evening came to hand. 
I can now say very little in addition to or in correction 
of your statement. It is not, however, as full as I could 
wish, and, as I believe, his few other old surviving 
friends, would desire, in relation to the portion of his 
life between 1809 and 1816, embracing the period of the 
war with Great Britian. The events of this period of 
six or seven years Mr. Spencer delighted to dwell upon. 

It was my good fortune to become acquainted with 
Mr. Spencer when he first came to Canandaigua, with 
his young and accomplished bride, now the mourning 
widow, in 1899. The county of Ontario then embraced 
all the territory now included in the counties of "\Vayne, 
Yates, and all of the counties of Monroe and Livingston, 
east of the Genesee river. The bar of Ontario county, 
at the time, and for many years afterwards, ranked 
among its members some of the most eminent and ex- 

John C. Spencer. 313 

perienced lawyers of the state ; and it is to be remarked 
that the profession at that period was composed almost 
entirely of those who belonged to the federal party. 
Mr. Spencer was the only democratic lawyer in the 
county. His clients were mostly democrats, political 
and personal friends, and as no inconsiderable portion of 
the litigation of that day was occasioned by party col- 
lisions and the bitterness of party strife, it may well be 
supposed that he encountered, from the start, a combined 
opposition, at least in feeling and prejudice, among his 
brethren of the bar an opposition which taxed the 
utmost energies of his " iron will," and which made it 
necessary for him to go into court, as he used often to 
say, " prepared at all points." It was at that early 
period that he contracted that "wonderful capacity of 
detail," of which you speak the examination of collateral 
points, the bearing of which upon the main point in issue, 
few would be able, at first, to discover. He found it 
necessary to be continually upon his guard against the 
attacks of his political as well as his professional oppo- 
nents. To such he was distant and repulsive in manner. 
He was indeed, 

" Lofty and sour to those who loved him not, 
But to those that sought him, mild as summer." 

During the period to which I refer, Mr. Spencer was 
regarded, if not the standard-bearer of the Democratic 
party, at least the target of the opposition, in the western 
counties of this state. It was well known that to his 
pen, more than to that of any other, the administration 
of Mr. Madison and the prosecution of the war received 
the most efficient support. As the editor of a news- 
paper the writer of resolutions and addresses, in which 
it was not his habit to spare his adversaries, he concen- 
trated upon himself no small share of the abuse of the 
Federal press of that section of the state. But his aid in 
the prosecution of the war was not confined to his pen. 
He taught by example, as well as precept. At one time, 
in particular, his law office was closed, and he and all 
his clerks were mustered among the volunteers to join 

314 John C. Spencer. 

Gen. Harrison at Fort George, on the enemy's territories. 
I say volunteers, for it should not be forgotton that those 
were the main reliance of the national government, until 
1814. In the spring of that year, for the first time 
during the war, a majority of war Democrats was re- 
turned to both branches of the legislature a special or 
extra session of which, in the same year, passed the 
celebrated conscription law, as it was termed by the 
Federalists, by which 12,000 men, with arms, &c., were 
to be raised and placed at the disposal of the national 
government. Mr. Spencer was the firm supporter of 
that measure, as he was indeed of every measure of that 
pure patriot, Governor Tompkins, during the "second 
war for independence." 

I should not omit to state that Mr. Spencer held one 
important office, during the war, which you have omitted 
to mention. It was that of United States Assessor, under 
the act of congress of 1813, imposing a direct tax to aid 
in the means of prosecuting the war. This law was ex- 
ceedingly odious to the opponents of the administration. 
It required great firmness and legal exactness on the part 
of all those who accepted appointments to carry it into 
effect. The duties of assessor under this law were fear- 
lessly and accurately discharged by Mr. Spencer. 

If Mr. Spencer, as you state, suffered his ingenuity to 
be perverted in the framing of the nine million canal bill, 
no one condemned in stronger terms than he did, the 
subsequent proceedings under it proceedings calculated, 
if not intended, to appropriate, as profits on contracts, 
so large a proportion of the money proposed to be raised 
under that bill; and no one, I believe, supported with 
more zeal, the public officers of the state in refusing to 
open the treasury to the payment of these contracts, 
until the courts declared them void. 

The efforts of Mr. Spencer during his long professional 
career, although they can not be classed among the more 
brilliant in the popular estimation, yet they were quite 
as useful and conducive to the peace and good order of 
society. I may be pardoned for giving him credit, on 

John C. Spencer. 315 

this occasion, for one of his greatest and most successful 
efforts of this tendency. The title of the Holland Land 
company to the land in nine of the western counties of 
this state, although no original title in this state is clearer, 
was intricate and involved. After the courts, in several 
suits, at different times, had decided in favor of the title, 
the disaffected parties thought proper to bring the subject 
before the legislature, which they did in 1837. A 
majority of the committee to whom the subject was 
referred made a report favorable to the petitioners. The 
minority presented a counter report in favor of and in 
support of the title. This minority report was drawn up 
by Mr. Spencer. It is one of the ablest and most con- 
clusive papers to be found upon the journals of the legis- 
lature. It was widely distributed. It arrested further 
legislative proceedings, put an end to further agitation, 
and quieted the apprehensions of all. 

My acquaintance with Mr. Spencer commenced in the 
spring time of life at least of active life, more than 
forty-five years since. During this long period I have 
entertained towards him, personally, feelings of profound 
respect respect for his talents, and for his patriotic 
efforts during the war of 1812, but more especially re- 
spect for his social virtues, his kindness of heart and 
enduring friendship. I desire to condole with his relatives 
and many friends, assuring them, as I do, that his de- 
parture from among us has afflicted me most keenly. 




From the N. Y. Courier and Enquirer. 

After due deliberation after looking with divided 
heart at the elegant and well-arranged plans of the 
architect on the one side, and at the treasury on the other, 
the commissioners of the land office have determined to 
pull down John Jay's old State Hall, and grace the 
southern side of State street with an edifice of beauty 
thus giving to St. Peter's, just opposite, an example. 
The walls of the one are already in ruins the spire on 
the other imitates the inclination of Pisa's tower. By 
civil and ecclesiastic expenditure, this broad avenue shall 
yet be renowned for something better than mere width 
and declivity. Our new City Hall is not ordered with- 
out nights of debate excellent, doubtless oratorical, 
possibly aldermanic, certainly. Its marble sculptures 
come into being after perilous rivalry between a centre 
that is for us and one that with its hot palpitation of 
throng and earnest life is to throb for the future Carpe 
diem and the hall with it. 

The state quietly determines that its agriculture and 
its science deserve a suitable room, and in a section utterly* 
passed over, amidst the turmoil of strong arguments 
concerning tolls and taxes, the building is ordered and 
in fulfillment of their duties, the officers designated pro- 
ceed to make a wreck and a ruin of the goodly structure 
which, in the days of the chief justice then the gover- 
nor was deemed so useful, and, perhaps, so ornamental. 

John Jay was a chief magistrate of the old school 
perhaps not wiser or better than the modern, but waving 
that debatable point, he is, in history, one of the orna- 
ments of the early career of this state. George Clinton 

The Old State Hall. 317 

beat him in the gubernatorial canvass that is to say, 
the canvassers so decided. It was a page of strategy 
concerning which the chronicles of the "good old times" 
had best remain silent. He succeeded over the intel- 
lectual Robert Yates, and the powerful Robert R. Living- 
ston, and the century ended in his administration. 

Whether in the construction of the old hall, the 
economical government of those days took the material 
which had formed the bastions and parapets of Fort 
Frederick, which stood opposite, does not appear, but 
they took the fortress as a model in strength. The walls 
now being demolished were massive there was solid 
measure in its fabric. I recollect, and so will all whose 
duties were in other days those of the student in the law 
with what admiring wonder we traversed that curious 
stone staircase, so ingeniously built in the wall at one 
end of each step, that, no pillar or column appearing, 
it was a perpetual puzzle to us, whether the staircase 
held up the iron rail, or whether it was itself suspended 
by it. 

How many were the pilgrimages to the "common rule 
book" where the absurdity of legal fiction made a record 
necessary. Legal reform, if it has accomplished little, 
has some claim on our gratitude for its obliteration of the 
devices that caused us to make such weary ascent daily. 

The old hall witnessed the comptrollership of Archi- 
bald Mclntyre, of Silas Wright, of William L. Marcy. 
It was the scene of some deliberations not so immediatey 
"on official business." Thence issued the decrees there 
spun the web of the famous and powerful Albany Regency 
the men who touched the springs whose vibrations 
thrilled through all the length and breadth of the state. 
That power centered in the elevation of Martin Van 
Buren, and while it remained a phalanx, he could smile 
at danger. Where is "the Regency?" Almost its very 
memories are fading. It lives, I suspect, warmest and 
raciest, in some delicious dozens, yet preserved dusty 
and delightful opened occasionally, and hugely enjoyed 
when brought to the chandelier's light. They who ruled 

318 The Old State Hull. 

a great republic, mingling the agreeable with the power- 
ful had the taste to import some delicious wine. It has 
lasted longer than the old and strong walled structure 
where their counsels were held, and whence their might 
was promulgated. 

Upon its ruins an edifice is to rise, devoted to the uses of 
the most useful of all the departments the agricultural, 
and extending space enough also to the already large and 
valuable geological collection, so that there will be no 
want of opportunity to the legislator to know, as it has 
been said Brougham does "a little of everything." 

The old hall has existed more than a half century. It 
is, therefore, in the antiquity peculiar to our country, 
quite of another age and period. The men who made 
high place then the aim of honorable ambition, many of 
them I will not say linger yet in life they remain. 
Marcy is, I suppose, as much comptroller (varying the 
orthography) now as then, though of men rather than 
accounts. And others who were in this hall in power, 
even yet make their mark on public event. The passing 
away of the old rooms and galleries does but, however, 
prefigure the gliding into history of these statesmen and 
their compeers and to the coming hall the coming men 
are preparing. 




Jan. 1. The Bank of- the Union went into operation, 

with a capital of $300,000 A snow storm of the 

preceding night made the first good sleighing of the sea- 
son William H. Lee, of this city, died at Palmyra, 

Mich., aged 29. 

2. The festival of the New Year observed with great 
hilarity, heightened by the fine sleighing and the bright 

sun Mrs. Betsey Kendall, wife of Benoni C. Aljen, 

died in Philadelphia, aged 60. 

3. Meeting of the legislature; Robert H. Pruyn elected 
speaker of the house, and Hugh J. Hastings clerk of the 

4. There were forty insane persons in the Alms House* 

5. Edwin Croswell, late of Albany, was prostrated by 

paralysis, in New York Adam Todd builder, died, 

aged 55. 

6. A workman engaged on the Round House of the 
Central rail road, fell to the turntable, a distance of 70' 

feet, and escaped with a broken limb Mrs. Ann, 

Brown died, aged 87. 

7. Rachel Ursula, wife of Jacob A. Lansing, died, aged 

31 Amanda, wife of Jason Russell, died aged 31.. 

Francis C. Marble died, aged 23. 

8. Col. John Osborn, died at Batavia, aged 44. He- 
was colonel of the 25th Regiment, commander of the- 
Burgesses Corps and Emmet Guards, and took a great 
deal of interest in military affairs. 

9. Lydia Lush died, aged 53. 
[Annals, vi.] 28 

320 Annals of 1854. 

10. Funeral of Col. John Osborn, attended by all the 

military in full uniform Meeting of the new board 

of common council; present Wm. Parmelee, mayor; 
Wm. A. Young, recorder; Bleecker, Chesebro, Davidson, 
Feltman, Godard, Harris, Jones, McCall, McElroy, Mor- 
row, Rossman, Russell, Thompson. Townsend, Vanderlip, 
Van Rensselaer, Wilson. The officers of the board were 
appointed as follows: David M. Barnes, clerk of the 
board; Henry S. McCall, city attorney; Henry T. Spen- 
cer, almshouse physician; Henry H. Burhans, marshal. 

11. Prof. Carr commenced a series of lectures, forming 
the chemical department of the University. 

12. A rain storm removed all the snow which had 
fallen, and deluged the streets. 

13. The ice moved down the river, carrying with it 
the two ferry boats, which came in collision, staving in 

their sides, and choking them in the ice A lad was 

killed at the rail road crossing Ira B. Gary, of the 

firm of Dows & Cary, died at his residence at Whites- 
town, Oneida county. He had been a produce commission 
merchant in this city and New York nearly thirty years, 
and was supposed to have left a fortune of more than 

three hundred thousand dollars W. W. Groesbeeck,. 

formerly of Albany, died in New York, aged 70 

James Cahill died, aged 74. 

14. Agnes Jane McClure died, aged 22. 

17. Mathew Coulter died, aged 42 Mrs. Elizabeth 

Bayard died at the manor house of Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer, aged 92. 

18. Catharine, wife of Edward Reily, died, aged 37. 

20. The Cavalry Corps made a formal presentation of 
a sword, valued at $200, to Capt. J. W. Harcourt, at 

Knight's restaurant, in Beaver street, Elizabeth, 

wife of James Farrell, died. 

21. Michael Howard died, aged 31 Mrs. Margaret 

Clark died, aged 30. 

22. Margaret Jane, wife of Wm. J. Caldwell, died, 

aged 32 Susan, widow of Josiah Clark, died, aged 


Annals of 1854. 321 

23. The river was again covered with ice, so as to 
obstruct the passage of the ferry boats, for the crossing 

of which channels had to be cut Thermometer 

below zero Donald Fisher died, aged 46 Nancy 

M. Redden, wife of J. H. Corbett, late of Albany, died 
at Greenbush, aged 31. 

24. Thermometer below zero. 

25. Thermometer below zero in the morning 

Potatoes $1*25 a bushel; flour $9 to $10 a barrel; coal 
$8 a ton /Amanda M., wife of Asa Fassett, died. 

27. Mary Jane, wife of Paul Cushman. died Lucy 

Ann Drummond, daughter of the late E. Fay,^died at 
Sacramento, aged 30. 

29. Thermometer ranged from four to eight degrees 

below zero in the morning Diana Van Rensselaer 

died, aged 61 Edgar Crapo died, aged 24. 

31. J. H. Wood died, aged 20 Mrs. Louisa, wife 

of John Meads, died, aged 69. 


1. A number of Germans assembled at the Capitol 
park, and burnt the effigy of the pope's nuncio, Bedim; 
as had been done by their countrymen in other American 

cities Dr. P. Gannon died, aged 74; a native of 

Ireland, who practiced medicine in this city many years, 

and was much esteemed Catharine Fitzgerald died, 

aged 59. 

2. Mrs. Alida Groesbeck died, aged 97; supposed to 
have been the oldest inhabitant of the city at the time. 

3. A fire corner of Lydius and Hawk streets, injured 

a dwelling house slightly At an election of officers 

of the Young Men's Association, George C. Lee was 
chosen president Mrs. Maria Dederick died, aged 76. 

4. Peter B. Leddy died, aged 38. 

5. An alarm of fire about 11 o'clock at night, caused 

by the burning of a carpenter's shop Mary Gibson 

died, aged 42. 

6. The Franklin House took fire about 11 o'clock in 

322 Annals of 1854. 

the morning, and was considerably damaged by fire and 
water John S. Vandervolgen died, aged 42. 

7. Mrs. Jane Thompson died, aged 86; a colored 
woman, known as Jenny Dick. She was famous many 
years ago as the keeper of a restaurant, and having mar- 
ried Richard Thompson, who was called Dick, she ac- 
quired the name of Jenny Dick; and having outlived one 
or two generations, it was generally supposed to be her 
correct cognomen. When her death was published in the 
newspapers, no one recognized it as the well known Jenny 
Dick Wm. J. Angus died, aged 36. 

8. A great poultry show at Van Vechten Hall; the 
result of the chicken fever that had raged for only about 
one year among the amateurs of foreign fowls. It was a 
much greater exhibition than its friends anticipated when 

the affair was proposed The State Agricultural 

Society held its annual fair, and elected officers for 

the ensuing year The State Medical Society, in 

session at the City Hall, held its annual election for offi- 

cers An alarm of fire at nine o'clock in the evening 

was caused by the burning of a dwelling in Greenbush. 
Ellen, wife of David Lynch, died. 

9. A fire broke out early in the morning, in the fourth 
story of the building corner Maiden lane and Dean st., 
occupied as a stove store by Vose& Co., which damaged 
the building and goods more than five thousand dollars. 

11. Elisha Putnam died, aged 89. Mr. Putnam was an 
eminent builder in his day, and several of the older 
churches were erected by him. 

14. A convention of women, male and female, held at 
Association Hall, when justice to woman was discussed 
eloquently by several of the shining lights among the sex 

Harriet Amelia, wife of Wm. J. Morrison, late of 

Albany, died at South East, aged 22. 

15. A special election was held throughout the state to 
determine whether the people were in favor of borrowing 
money to enlarge the canals. The number of votes cast 
in Albany was 3,767 for the measure, and 876 against it. 

16. The rise of water in the river submerged the docks, 

Annals of 1854. 32$ 

and penetrated the basements of the stores and dwellings 
near the basin. But the ice was too strong to be moved 
by the flood. 

17. Francis McGuigan died, aged 43 Thomas A.. 

Whalen died in New York, aged 20. 

18. A bill was introduced before the legislature to- 
authorize the construction of a bridge at Albany. 

19. Fanton Lawlor died, aged 53. 

20. A petition was presented to both branches of the 
legislature, with 10,000 signatures, for the extension to 
women of certain rights which they claimed as belonging 

to them William Gibson, stabbed by John Hough- 

taling in a scuffle some time pi eviously, died of the wound, 
aged 30. 

22. The birthday of Washington was celebrated by the 
military, and the butchers decorated their stalls, and 
made the usual display of fatted meats. One of them 
presented the novelty of a huge bear, dressed and hung, 

the paws alone having the skin remaining A fire 

on the corner of Pearl and Rensselaer streets destroyed 
a paint shop and several other buildings, a little past 3 

o'clock in the morning Robert Trumbull died at 

Belle Centre, Ohio. 

24. The common council, at a private meeting, resolved 
to petition the legislature for permission to loan the credit 
of the city to the Northern Rail Road to the amount of 

$300,000 Mrs. Mary Martin died, aged 89 

Richard Bane died, aged 20. 

25. Barbara, wife of George Medhour, died, aged 44. 

26. A canal boat on fire at the foot of Maiden lane 
called out the engines, but was extinguished with little 
loss Mark Stevenson died, aged 57. 

28. A fire destroyed the oil cloth factory of Woolman 
& Pforth on the Schenectady turnpike about 9 o'clock in 
the evening. Loss about $4,000. 


1. Stephen Mesick died, aged 53. 

2. John Greishian died, aged 64. 

324 Annals of 1854. 

3. Mrs. Harriet Harvey, daughter of Lyman Philleo, 

late of Albany, died at Dubuque, Iowa Dr. Harman 

G. Wynkoop died, aged 68 Elizabeth Prey died, 

aged 30. 

4. The water covered the pier and entered the ware- 
houses along the docks Francis Maloy died, aged 20. 

6. Workmen commenced taking down the Hudson 
Street Temperance House, near the dock, with the view 

of erecting a* large hotel upon its site William J. 

Whitney died, aged 31 Thomas Thompson died, 

aged 52 Eleanor Jane, wife of Hiram Yates, died, 

aged 33 Matilda Briggs, wife of Henry Merce, died. 

8. Joachim Miller died, aged 29. 

9. William Gill, aged nearly 20 years, died of a wound 
received by the bursting of a grindstone. 

10. The ice made a slight movement downwards; 
several persons had fallen through the ice during the two 
preceding days. 

11. The ice cleared away in front of the city about 
four o'clock in the morning, and formed a dam about 
three miles below, causing a great rise of water, submerg- 
ing the dock and the lower part of the city Mrs. 

Sarah Woodbridge died, aged 81 Elisha Blanchard 

died, aged 57 Catharine Frinton died. 

12. James Quinn died, aged 23. 

13. In the afternoon the ice moved out of the gorge, 
where it annually chokes the passage, throwing back the 
current and deluging all the low land, and causing a 
stampede among the honest tradesmen on the dock and 

pier Capt. John Buckbee, an ancient skipper, who 

sailed a sloop on the Hudson river twenty-five years, 
and had resided in Albany half a century, died at the age 
of 81, much respected Thomas W. Gibb died, aged 35. 

14. The Old Folks' concert, at which most of the 
performers were past the middle age, and the pieces 
ancient, was given at the Congregational church. The 
proceeds, $125'80, was donated to the Home of the 

Friendless Mrs. Harriet Clark King, widow of the 

late James King, died at Woodlawn. 

Annals of 1854. 325 

15. Friend Humphrey died, aged 67. He was born at 
Simsbury, Ct., 1787, and was the youngest of eleven 
children. He was a tanner and currier at Lansingburgh, 
under Russell Forsyth, now also of this city. He came 
to Albany in 1811, and acquired a moderate fortune as a 
leather merchant. He was elected to various offices of 
responsibility and honor, for his great moral worth, 
integrity and efficiency, among which were those of state 
senator and mayor of the city. He was for a long period 
an officer in the First Baptist church, and assisted mate- 
rially in the erection of their edifice in Pearl street 

James Taylor, nineteen years cashier of the Commercial 
Bank, died, aged about 65. 

16. The steam boat P. G. Coffin, from Catskill, was the 
first boat that reached the wharf from below. The pro- 
peller Hoboken was the first steam boat from New York. 

17. The great steamer Oregon arrived from New York, 
the first of the passenger boats. 

18. A tremendous gale, which began the previous 
evening, swept over the city, blowing off roofs and 
chimneys. Its greatest fury was about 11 o'clock in the 
morning. So great a tornado had not been known here 
in half a century. 

19. John Whitmore, a North river pilot, died on the 
Young America steam boat, on his way up the river. 

20. Henry Yates, of the late firm of Yates & Mclntyre, 
who conducted the great state lotteries, died at the man- 
sion on Westerlo street, aged 84. 

21. Fire corner of North Pearl and Van Schaick sts., 

injured several buildings Mrs. Laura Ann Phillips 

died, aged 27. 

22. John Adams died, aged 19 Alana, wife of 

Alexander Shepherd, died, aged 57 John Young died, 

aged 72. 

23. Meeting of citizens at the Capitol to deprecate the 
bill before congress, introduced by Senator Douglas to 

extend slavery to the new territory of Nebraska 

Mary, wife of John McCaffrey, died, aged 26. 

25. Harriet Penniman died. 

326 Annals of 1854. 

26. A very adroit robbery of two watches and a ring 
was perpetrated by one McDonald, upon Messrs. Williams 
& Co., jewelers, in State street. McDonald was arrested 
on board the Isaac Newton. 'and the stolen property taken 

from him Henry A. Walker, a native of Albany, 

died at Morristown, N. J. He was for several years one 
of the most influential and worthy planters of the island 
of St. Croix. 

27. The river was nearly closed with ice again, and 
the water so low that the large boats were grounded at 

Castleton, as well as other' heavily laden vessels 

Jane Ann, wife of Capt. C. L. Gager, formerly of Albany, 
died at Buffalo, aged 47. 

28. Two lumber yards, between Centre and Water 
streets, were fired by incendiaries, about 4 o'clock in 
the morning, by which more than $10,000 worth of lum- 
ber and other property was consumed John I. Wen- 
dell died, aged 76. 

29. A fire partially destroyed a carpenter shop in Pat- 
roon street Maximilian Bergeron died, aged 67. 

30. The severity of the weather had been so great for 
more than a week that the navigation of the river was 
so much impeded as to prevent the steam boats from 
making their regular trips. The Isaac Newton was much 

damaged by floating ice, and laid up for repairs 

William Henry Slawson died, aged 22 The Old 

Folks gave their second concert at the Congregational 
church, when there was a proud time for the ancient 

31. The south wind cleared the river of its icy obstruc- 
tions and raised the water so as to release the bar of a 
part of the flotilla that had been accumulating there, and 
among them the Oregon, which had remained there 

nearly a week An alarm of fire in the evening, 

which proceeded from the bonfires lit up on occasion of 

the veto of the anti-liquor bill, by Gov. Seymour 

Mrs. Esther A. Cordell died, aged 44. 

Annals of 1854. 327 


1. Henry L. Winants died, aged 44. 

2. A fire about two o'clock in the morning destroyed 
a bakery in Ferry street. 

3. A German company commenced a series of per- 
formances at the Green Street theatre, which was called 
German opera, the first thing of the kind here. 

4. A demonstration was made in the evening by the 
enemies of temperance reformations; the govenor called 
out and addressed by the editor of the Freie Blatter; 

and a torch light procession and row followed 

Alphonso Walker died, aged 37. 

5. George H. Kuril, of this city, died in New York. 
7. There was a great concourse of people assembled at 

the City Hall to witness the final sentence, by Judge 
Harris, of John Hendrickson, Jr., for the murder of his 
wife ; forming the conclusion of one of the most exciting 

trials ever held in this city Mary, wife of P. Smith, 

died, aged 38. 

10. A fire in the Bowery destroyed a part of the oil- 
cloth factory, which had just risen from the ruins of a 
previous fire. 

11. Thomas Linacre died, aged 73 Edward B. 

Slason died, aged 44 Patrick Ryan died, aged 48 

John S. Vedder died, aged 43. 

15. Six inches of snow fell early in the morning, 
obstructing rail roads, and preventing steam boats and 

stages from making their morning ingress Ann, wife 

of Luther Frisbee, died, aged 49. 

16. A fire in Jefferson street destroyed a couple of 

woodsheds Louis Labreche died, aged 39 

Sheldon Main died, aged 57. 

17. Snow fell all day. 

18. Thomas Batemandied, aged 46 Daniel Gifford 

died, aged 74. 

19. Elizabeth Smith died, aged 26. 

20. A false alarm of fire Nancy Gifford died, aged 

39 Patience Smiley died, aged 72, 

328 Annals of 1854. 

21. Rowland Jones died, aged 81. 

22. John G. Waterman, late of Albany, died at Castle- 

ton, aged 38 Henry Bendall died at Brooklyn, aged 

44, late of Albany. 

23. Amos Fanning died, aged 67 Wm. Cameron 

died, aged 55 Mary Powers died, aged 40. 

25. William A. Perkins died, aged 24. 

28. Alarm of fire caused by the burning of a canal 

boat The pier and wharves were submerged for 

the seventh time this year Charles Priest died. 

30. The freshet, caused by the almost incessant rains 
of the previous four days, reached a higher point than 
had been known during several years, in the absence of 
any ice. The loss and damage to property in the vicinity 

of the river was very great A fire occurred at 9 

o'clock in the morning in the building near the corner of 
the dock and Hamilton street, which was arrested with 
slight damage. Another alarm of fire in the evening was 
caused by the ringing of a furnace bell to call the work- 
men together to remove property beyond the reach of the 
water Samuel Smith died, aged 43. 


L Moving day. Many families moved out of their 
houses by the aid of boats, several streets being under 

water The canals were opened, but owing to the 

high water the weigh lock was inoperative, and boats 

that cleared were weighed at other locks There 

were 'three or four alarms of fire during the afternoon and 
evening, but the damages were slight. 

2. Michael Carroll died, aged 39 Patrick Dennin 

died, aged 42. 

3. The first boat arrived by the Erie canal, with 120 

tons of corn Lansing B. Taylor, formerly an Albany 

merchant, died at Glen's Falls, aged, 25 Stephen 

Van Valkenburgh died. 

4. The first canal boat arrived by the northern canal. 

5. John Hendrickson, Jr., of New Scotland, was exe- 

Annals of 1854. 329 

cuted in the Jail in Maiden lane, for the murder of his 

wife by poison Betsey, wife of Richard I. DeForest, 

died, aged 57. 

6. David Hosford died, aged 87. 

7. Ice found in many places in the city in the morning; 
fruit and vegetables suffered by the severity of the cold. 

8. A fire destroyed a grocery store corner Franklin 
and Mulberry streets, about 3 o'clock in the morning 

In the afternoon a couple of small buildings were 

damaged by fire in Howard street The six-penny 

savings bank, in connection with the Bank of the Capitol, 
went into operation, the first of the kind in the city 
Maria M. Potter died. 

10. A force of several hundred men under Major Fra- 
zier began operations upon the channel of the river with 
a view to improving the navigation between this city and 

.Castleton, the government having appropriated $50,000 

to that object Reuben Wilson died, aged 26 

John Roe died, aged 62 Patrick Campion died. 

11. Charles Buel died, aged 43. 

12. A fire destroyed a carpenter's shop early in the 
morning, in Elm street. 

15. A fire at 11 o'clock at night partially destroyed a 

wooden house in Park street Mr. Joel Rathbone 

while walking up Elk street early in the evening was 
knocked down by an unknown hand. A reward of $100 

was offered for the discovery of the aggressor 

William E.-Hays died, aged 30. 

16. Mary Johnson died, aged 64. 

17. Mrs. Winfield Farrell died, aged 48. 

21. Nancy, wife of Francis Vail died, aged 42. 

22. An alarm of fire caused by the burning of a cur- 
tain at the Delavan House. . . . .A meeting of the com- 
mon council was called with a view to loan money to 
the Northern rail road; but a number of them declining 

to go up stairs, a quorum could not be got Dr. 

James M Brown died, aged 50 Eveline Harvey 

died, aged 17 Sarah C. wife of David Patterson, 

died, aged 32. 

330 Annals of 1854. 

23. A meeting of the common council was held and a 
loan of $30,000 voted to the Albany Northern rail road. 

A fire about 12 o'clock at night destroyed a shed 

belonging to the Central rail road Ann Jane, wife 

of George W. Baker died, aged 24. 

24. Thirty four cars, containing 2,000 immigrants 

passed up the Central rail road Peter Peck died, 

aged 58 Bridget Quinn died, aged 66 Philena 

Redden, wife of A. Vickers died, aged 20 John Garey 

died, aged 54 Jonathan Slawson died, aged 87. 

25. Alida Spears died, aged 33. 

26. Eclipse of the sun The Scotch Presbyterian 

synod resolved to abandon the use of the title of D. D. 

A German immigrant was found suspended by the 

neck near the Buttermilk falls; verdict, suicide 

Bridget Boyd died, aged 47. 

27. Catharine Feeney, a stranger, was drowned by fall- 
ing into the river Humphrey C. Watson, formerly 

of Albany, died at La Salle, Ind., aged 31 John 

Lahey died, aged 38 Mr. Bateman died, aged 90. 

28. Two cases of highway robbery in the heart of the 

city during the night Agnes, wife of John Anderson, 


29. One hundred citizens were presented by the police 

for selling liquors on the sabbath Sarah widow of 

the late Richard Roser died, aged 81. 

30. Robena wife of Charles J. Edwards died, aged 22. 

Mrs, Catharine Rankin, wife of George A. Rankin 

died at Schodack, aged 48. 

31. John Henry Thorn died, aged 33 Thomas 

Kirkpatrick died, aged 28. 


1. George Lochner died, aged 46. 

2. Cornelia Lansing, daughter of the late Edward 
Livingston of Albany, died in New York. 

3. George F. Delaplaine died, aged 68. 

4. A subscription was taken up in the Pearl Street 
Baptist church, towards building an edifice for a congre- 

Annals of 1854. 331 

gation of German Baptists, to be located in the upper 
part of Washington street, when $2,200 was raised for 
that purpose. 

5. The Albany Northern rail road, which had suspended 
business in part since April in consequence of 3, break in 
an embankment, now recommenced regular trips to Eagle 

Bridge Barent Sanders died, aged 75 James 

O'Brien died, aged 24. 

6. Jane, wife of Henry Gibson, died, aged 24. 

7. Catharine Bullock, wife of Samuel H. Lloyd, died,, 
aged 53. 

10. The law against the running at large of swine 
began to be enforced. It was found that some owners 
had as many as forty. About 15,000 were captured 

during the campaign Anne Gove, wife of Ralph 

Smith died Bridget, wife of Francis McBarnett died. 

11. An effort made to close the shops that were open 

on Sundays for the sale of spirituous liquors Robert 

Todd died, aged 61. 

13. Sarah F. Welch died. 

14. Patrick Bergen, aged 22, drowned by falling from 
a canal boat Clarissa Prime died, aged 54. 

17. Jane C., wife of Joel Munsell, died, aged 42. 

18. A fire on the corner of Grand and Beaver streets 
partially destroyed a bakery and machine shop. Some 
of the inmates . saved their lives by jumping from their 
chamber windows. 

19. Joseph T. Rice died, aged 67 George A. 

Barnard died, aged 37 John Brown died, aged 23. 

21. Anniversary meeting of the New York State Tem- 
perance Society, at the Third Presbyterian Church. 

22. Mrs, Nancy Northop died, aged 55 Mrs. Mary 

Ann, wife of John Costigan, died. 

23. Conrad S. Mayer, 'long a resident of Albany, died 
in New York. 

25. A train of 69 cars, laden with 1380 cattle, left the 
depot at East Albany by the Hudson River rail road, for 
New York. The bill of fare was $2070, at $1'50 a. 
head. Josiah Clark died, aged 29. 

[Annals, vi.] 29 

332 Annals of 1854. 

26. A meeting of citizens at the City Hall to discuss 
the water rates, which they thought were illegally 
assessed in some cases. 

28. Julia Anne Sol way died Sarah, wife-of Royal 

Shaw, died, aged 45. 

29. Ann Lovatt died, aged 69. 


1. James H. Horth died, aged 25. 

2. Ichabod Wood died. 

4. The usual ceremonies of the day were observed, and 
an unusual amount of the lesser fireworks was consumed. 
As the procession completed its rounds, the thermometer 

stood at 98 c ^in the shade A fire broke out in a 

bakery at the corner of State and Lark streets A 

great number of persons were prostrated by the heat, 

and several deaths occurred A corps of about 50 

veterans of the war of T812 joined the celebration of the 
day, under Brig. Gen. John S. Van Rensselaer. After 
the procession was dismissed they met in convention at 

the Capitol and passed a series of resolutions W. 

D. Winne died, aged 24. 

5. A fire broke out, on the corner of Colonie street 
and the Northern rail road, which partially destroyed the 

building Tobias Roach committed suicide at the 

Penitentiary Catharine Ann Veeder, wife of Peter 

R. Carhart, died, aged 42. 

6. A grand torch light procession at 10 o'clock in the 
evening by the firemen, having a New York company in 

escort Julia Filkins, wife of Simeon F. Smith, died. 

Wm. McClelland died, aged 35. 

7. An alarm of fire caused by the burning of a box of 

8. There were 44 sail vessels at the lumber docks, 
which was not an unusual number. This business has 
taken the lead of all others during the past ten years, in 
the rapidity of its increase Rabbi Cohn, a distin- 
guished priest of the Hebrew faith, entered upon his 

Annals of 1854. 333 

ministry in the South Pearl Street Synagogue, recently 

vacated by Dr. Wise Wra. S. Archibald, aged 35, 

committed suicide by hanging himself to one of the posts 

of his bed at the Phoenix Hotel Sarah, wife of Wm. 

Don, died, aged 57 Sarah Goodrich, wife of Samuel 

G. Payn, died, aged 39. 

9. Jane, wife of Charles Whitney, died, aged 60 

James W. Turner died, aged 31. 

10. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a build- 
ing in Bath Five persons died of cholera in one 

family of the name of Wylie, in South Pearl street, and 

were buried at one funeral Benj. F. Knower died, 

aged 19 Mrs. Ellen Harrison died at Harmony, 

Chautauque county, aged 56, formerly of Albany. 

1 1. William Dowd, aged 63, and Louisa, his wife, aged 
56, died. 

12. Thomas M. Ward died, aged 26 Samuel 

Barstow, formerly of Albany, died at Buffalo, aged 42. 

13. A fire in Clinton street partially destroyed several 

buildings at 5 o'clock in the morning Walter 

Cowell died, aged 44 Sarah, wife of Samuel War- 
den died William Cooney, formerly of Albany, died 

at Brooklyn, aged 51 Gad Townsley died. 

14. A painter by the name of Barnacle, engaged in 
painting the Hospital, fell from the ladder, about 25 feet, 
and died of the shock during the night. 

15. Wm. Meadon died, aged 41 James Connolly 


17. Joseph E. Gates died, aged 30 Adam Stewart 

died, aged 40. 

18. An alarm of fire at 9 o'clock in the evening caused 
by the partial burning of a soap and candle factory in 

South Lansing street Susan, wife of Philip Ford, 

died, aged 69. 

19. Thermometer at 96; several cases of prostration 

by the heat of the sun Elizabeth Adrian, wife of 

Arthur A. Smith, died, aged 28. 

20. Col. Robt. E. Temple, adjutant general of the state, 
died, aged about 50. He served with distinguished 

334 ' Annals of 1854. 

gallantry in the Florida war, and commanded the New 
York regiment of volunteers in the Mexican war. The 
change of the line of active operations from the Rio 
Grande to Vera Cruz and Mexico, deprived him of an 
opportunity of distinguishing himself, and the troops 
which he had brought into the highest discipline, in battle. 
He suffered, however, from the climate, and his naturally 
vigorous constitution was laid open, by a prostrating and 
almost fatal fever, to the inroads of consumption, of 

the shade, and the earth suffering from a long drought. 

Abigail Covell, wife of R. Churchill, formerly of 

Albany, died in New York, aged 66, and was buried from 

the North Pearl Street Baptist Church Harriet, wife 

of Lyman Chapin, died in Buffalo. 

21. P. T. Hewitt, convicted of incest with his daughter, 

was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment Charles 

McDuffie died, aged 27 Wm. A. McGraw died, 

aged 18 J Thermometer 100 in the shade. 

22. The water was so low in the river that a fleet of 
laden vessels awaited a rise before they could venture 
down the river Thomas Charles died, aged 61. 

23. A shower moistened the parched earth, which had 

'Scarcely been watered in a month Elizabeth McKay 

died Zaccheus Aldrich died, aged 73 Nancy, 

wife of John Goodrich, died. 

24. A tremendous rain fell during the forenoon; the 

a-ain guage indicated more than two inches Thomas 

Gordon died, aged 66 Harriet, wife of Hugh Rock, 

died, aged 61. 

25. The Board of Health reported 29 cases of cholera 

and 11 deaths for the last three and a half days 

The $300,000 loan on the bonds of the city for the use 
of the Albany Northern rail road, was taken at a pre- 
mium. It has 25 years to run, at 6 six per cent 

George Brainard died, aged 44. 

26. John Cummings died, aged 56 John McCol- 

lum died. 

27. Wm. Serviss died, aged 53 Thomas C.Me 

Donald died, aged 31. 

Annals of 1854. 335 

28. Cholera on the increase An alarm of fire h* 

the evening caused by the burning of a pig-sty in Canal 

29. Report of cholera for 3 days, 95 cases, 37 deaths. 

Chauncey Johnson, formerly of Albany, died at 

Rastrop, in Texas, aged 56 Sarah, wife of S. F. 

Phelps, died Lucy, wife of James McNutt, died, 

aged 38 Rachel, wife of Abraham Johnson, died,. 

aged 53. 

30. A fire at 5 o'clock in the morning destroyed the 
interior of the turnery establishment of Foote & Merri- 
field, corner of James street and Maiden lane Mar- 
garet, wife of Theodore Goodrich, died, aged 36. 

31. James Dowd died, aged 21 Mrs. Sarah Pink- 

erton died, aged 73 John Sipple died, aged 74.. 


1. The cholera was very fatal at this time, and the 
authorities, in their zeal for cleanliness, made an onslaught 
upon the hog-pens. It was the most determined move- 
ment ever made in that direction in this city, where the 
hog has had the freedom of the streets from time 

immemorial Benjamin Tullidge, formerly of Albany, 

died in Indiana, aged 75 Malvina, wife of Gilbert 

W. Barnham, died, aged 35. 

2. As workmen were removing the rear wall of St. 
Paul's church for repairs, a quantity of brick and timber 
which had been placed over the ceiling came down, des- 
troying the pulpit and other fixtures The report of 

cholera for 4 days was 60 cases, 26 deaths The 

Hendrik Hudson got on a bar and did not arrive till 

noon; water very low Thomas B. Washington, a 

grandnephew of General Washington, died suddenly in 
this city, aged 40; he was on his return to Virginia. 

John Harrison died, aged 53 Peter H. Ry- 

ther died aged 56 John W. Campbell died, aged 37. 

4. Christopher B. Groat died, aged 30 Christina, 

widow of the late Thomas Lee, died, aged 60 Ber- 

336 Annals of 1854. 

nard Brady died aged 37 George Young died, aged 

45 Mrs. Ellen Arnold died, aged 53. 

5. The board of health reported 86 cases of cholera, 
28 of which were fatal, for the last 3 days Presi- 
dent Pierce vetoed the harbor bill, which appropriated 
$50,000 for the improvement of the river near Albany 
Thomas Fryer died, aged 86 Elizabeth Gar- 
denier died, aged 88 Mrs. Elizabeth Squires died, 

aged 61. 

6. Rev. J. N. Hill, from Dover Plains, having accepted 
an invitation from the South Baptist church corner of 
Franklin and Herkimer streets, entered upon his ministry. 

Four prisoners escaped from the Jail by digging 

through the wall Catharine, wife of Abraham Key- 

ser, died, aged 69 Mary McLean died, aged 20. 

F. W. Clarkson died. 

. 7. The common council decided to widen Patroon 
street from North Pearl to Broadway. < t . . .Francis E. 
Wands died. 

8. The Hospital opened on the corner of Eagle and 
Howard streets, the old Jail having been fitted up with 
great convenience and appropriate taste for that purpose. 
Since the Hospital opened in 1851, it has received 417 

10. The old Hospital building in Lydius street was 

opened as a cholera hospital Jacob Morris died, 

aged 51 William Backhaus, a teacher of the Ger- 
man language, died. 

11. Elizabeth, wife of Francis Sims, died, aged 79. 
Isaac J. Lagrange died. 

12. Cholera abated; 7 deaths since 9th at noon 

Jeremiah P. Jewell died, aged 72 Rev. Joel Hun- 

tington, of Chittenango died, aged 20 Mary Ann 

Ten Eyck died William Boughton died, aged 67. 

13. A fire in the evening at the corner of Montgomery 
and De Witt streets destroyed a dozen wooden buildings. 

14. Evert Van Allen, an ancient city surveyor, whose 
map of the city is so much referred to in title deeds, died. 
Durrell Williams, a revolutionary soldier, died, 

Annals of 1854. 337 

aged 90, and was buried with military honors Jane 

Tilleo died, aged 40 Ebenezer Wright died, aged 72. 

15. An alarm of fire at night, proceeding from the 
burning of a quantity of cut wood in Guilderland; 1700 

cords were burnt, valued at $10,000 Walter Froth- 

ingham died, aged 28 Henry Van Reenen died. 

Eliza H., wife of Erastus H. Munson, died, aged 44. 

16. The body of Philip Helderbrant, aged 25, was 

found floating in the river Bridget Costigan died, 

aged 76. 

17. Henry S. Brainerd died, aged 60. 

18. Mr. Edwin Croswell, who had been connected with 
the Albany' Argus since 1824, it is believed, announced 
that he had withdrawn from the paper, and had been 

succeeded by Mr. G. F. Tucker John L. Philips died, 

aged 18. 

19. A fire at night destroyed several buildings corner 
of Cherry and Franklin streets. 

20. Catharine Bryan, widow of the late John Bryan, 

died in New York, aged 81 John H. Simons died, 

aged 48. 

21. Julia S. Meads died, aged 37. 

22. A dense smoke hung over the city occasioned by 
the burning of the bush between this city and Schenectady. 
The long drought had prepared the woods for fires, and 

they were raging in many places R. Sherman, 

captain of a canal boat, fell overboard arid was drowned. 

23. Mrs. Bridget McCluskeyand her sister and daugh- 
ter, the last of the family of Paul McCluskey, died of 
cholera himself and two children having died a few days 
before Eliza, wife of Lewis Gates, died, aged 45. 

24. Elizabeth, wife of James Woods, died, aged 78. 

, Mrs. Harriet, widow of David L. Groesbeck, died, 

aged 78 John Van Valkenburgh, formerly of Albany, 

died at Cincinnati, aged 64. 

25. The alarm of fire brought out the engines. It was 
found to be in Troy, and several companies went up. 
At the same time two fires were raging in the woods 
northeasterly from this city Laura Ney, wife of 

338 Annals of 1854. 

Jacob C. Cuyler, died, aged 27 Patrick Sheahan 

died, aged 60. 

26. The rain began to fall in the afternoon, checking 
the fires near the city, which had consumed a large 

quantity of wood in the vicinity John Townsend 

died, aged 72. He was the son of Henry Townsend, and 
was born at the Sterling Iron Works, in Warwick, Orange 
county. In 1802 he came to Albany in the capacity of 
clerk to his brother Isaiah, who had established himself 
here four years before, and with whom he afterwards 
became a partner. They prosecuted a successful hard- 
ware and iron foundry business. They were connected 
with the Albany and Troy Nail Works, and in connection 
with the late William James and others were the first to 
commence the manufacture of salt at Syracuse by solar 
evaporation. In 1810, he married a daughter of the late 
Ambrose Spencer, who bore him thirteen children, and 
died in 1849. He was mayor of the city in 1829, 1830 
and 1832, and at the time of his death was president of 
the Commercial Bank, of the board of Water Commis- 
sioners, of the Albany Exchange Company, of the Albany 
Savings Bank, of the Albany Pier Company, of the Syra- 
cuse Coarse Salt Company, of the Watervliet Turnpike 
Company, and acting president of the Albany Insurance 
Company. He retired from active business several years 
previous to his death, and for the last two or three years 
not only age but disease had made perceptible inroads 
upon the vigor of his constitution. He died at his resi- 
dence in State street, in the full possession of 'his intel- 
lectual faculties, and surrounded by all his children. He 
left behind him the memory of a faithful and energetic 
public officer, a liberal and patriotic citizen, an intelligent 
and enterprising merchant, a kind and affectionate hus- 
band and father, an urbane and courteous gentleman, and 
an honest man William W. Forsyth died, aged 41. 

27. Rev. Wm. B. Lacy, D. D., formerly rector of St. 
Peter's church, now of Jackson, Mississippi, preached two 
sermons in the pulpit which he vacated twenty-two years 
before. Most of the congregation however, whose spiritual 

Annals of 1854. 339 

teacher he then was, had passed away, and his eye 

could have rested upon but few familiar faces The 

Rev. Wm. B. Sprague, D. D., of the Second Presbyterian 
church, preached his twenty-fifth anniversary sermon, 
and made an interesting review of his ministry. Not one 
of the pastors who then had charge of the churches of 
the city remained in their places; and of his own con- 
gregation representatives of only thirty-four families re- 
mained. Only one of the original officers of the church, 
Mr. Nathaniel Davis, survived, and the president of the 
board of trustees, Mr. Joseph Alexander was more than 
ninety years of age. 

28. An alarm of fire caused by the burning of a barn 
and bake house of the Orphan Asylum, which were 
thought to have been fired by an incendiary; loss about 

$600 The funeral of John Townsend took place, 

which was attended by a very large number of citizens, 
and the shops were mostly closed during the passing of 
the procession A number of ladies prepared a ban- 
ner for the Washington Continentals, which was pre- 
sented to them by Capt. David Hitchcock in front of his 
residence in Ferry street At a sale of Bank of Al- 
bany stock at the Exchange, 50 shares sold at $1'75; 30 

shares at $1'66; lOshares at$l'65 Wm. A. Tweed 

Dale, the principal for a long time and the only one, of 

the Lancaster school in this city, died, aged 79 

Mary Brown died, aged. 50. 

29. A large number of citizens met at the City Hall 
to receive a company of 300 New England emigrants bound 
for Kansas, who were expected by the evening train. 
The train was delayed, and did not arrive till 11 o'clock, 
and the meeting adjourned to the Delavan House, where 
an enthusiastic reception was given to the strangers. 
John Cullin died, aged 53. 

31. A fire at half-past three in the morning partially 
destroyed the Salamander Works of Messrs. Henry, Van 
Allen & Palmer. 

S40 Annals -of 1854. 


1. The receipts of the Isaac Newton for the trip on 
this night were computed as follows by the New York 

450 passengers at $1 each $450 

Berths and state rooms 320 

Freight 393 

Expenses of the boat estimated at 200 

Profits of a single trip $963 

Jacob Burhans died, aged 38. 

2. Mrs. Anna Ward Dryden died, aged 67. 

3. Miss Caroline Woodbridge died. 

4. The supreme court met at the Capitol with 184 

causes on the calendar The sum of $2100 was 

raised by plate collection at the five Catholic houses of 
worship in this city, towards establishing a hospital for 
orphans who lost their parents by cholera during the 
summer Mrs. Mary A. Drain died, aged 62. 

5. The Burgesses Corps, accompanied by Jones' band, 
left the city for Chatham, with full ranks, for target 

exercise A middle aged man was found in the basin, 

with the appearance of having been some time drowned. 

The house of Mrs. McDuffy, in Lydius street, west 

of Lark, was assaulted by arn.ed men at an early hour in 

the morning, who fired through the windows The 

theatre had been recently reopened, after several failures, 
and exhibited such a beggarly account of vacant benches 
at this, the second night of performance, that the doors 
were closed at the end of the plays, not to be opened again. 
Isaac White died, aged 45. 

6. A heavy shower of rain, accompanied by inces- 
sant lightning, during which two barns were destroyed, 
one north, the other south of the city, sufficiently near to 

call out the engines Mrs. Elizabeth Fero, wife of 

Sidney S. Cantor died, aged 36 Jeremiah Schuyler 

died, aged 83. 

Annals of 1854. 341 

7. Powell's painting, representing the discovery of the 
Mississippi by De Soto, executed for the Capitol at 

Washington, was opened for exhibition in this city 

The front wall of Orcutt's pottery in Hamilton street, 

fell out with a great crash Mrs. Dorothy Austin, 

widow of the late William Austin, died, aged 69. 

8. Mrs. Sarah Cummings died, aged 64 Mary, 

wife of Patrick Cassidy, died, aged 50 Nancy Me 

Gee died, aged 57 Isaac V. L. Meigs, formerly of 

Albany, died at Addison, Steuben county, aged 32. 

9. C. V. S. Kane, son of the late Elias Kane, of Albany, 
died in New York John Leddy died, aged 23. 

11. Samuel Stevens, an eminent Albany attorney, died 
in Rochester, aged 56. He was a native of Washington 
county, took the front rank of his profession for more than 
twenty-five years, and during that period no other mem- 
ber of the bar performed more hard mental labor than 
he, or was engaged in more important causes. 

12. The Washington Continentals made an excursion 
to Hudson, accompanied by a numerous retinue of women 
and children, occupying three barges, towed by the steam- 
boat Anna. The squadron was greeted by the ringing of 

bells and booming of cannon along the river The 

body of James Crosby, of Albany, aged 25, was found 
drowned in New York, at the foot of Robinson street. 

Henry Jackson died, aged 59. 

13. An alarm of fire, caused by the burning of a shed 
on the pier. 

16. A fire slightly damaged a house corner of Rose and 
Hamilton streets, at 2 o'clock in the morning. 

17. John Bew died, aged 48. 

18. The Northern rail road office was changed from 
the corner of Water and Steuben streets, to the corner 

of Dean street and Maiden lane Catharine E. Cath- 

cart died, aged 29. 

19. A company of exempt firemen arrived from New 
York and were received by Neptune Engine Company. 
They went out to Cedar Hill for a target exercise with 

20. Juliet Lewis died, aged 75, the last of the name, 

342 Annals of 1854. 

of the descendants of Robert Lewis, famous as the keeper 
of Lewis's tavern, corner of State and Pearl streets. 

21. Robert T. Courtney, late of Albany, died at 
Clarkson, Monroe county. 

23. John W. Chapman, late of Albany, died in Ohio, 
aged 55. 

24. The police officers went up to the Shaker village 
to arrest gunners who violated the laws on Sundays in 
hunting game and disturbing the neighborhood. 

25. Mrs. Matilda P. Hill, wife of Rev. J. N. Hill, died, 
Ellen, wife of Wm. J. Felthousen, died, aged 50. 

27. The county fair opened at the Washington Parade 

Ground, attracting a large concourse of people S. 

M. Woodruff, late an attorney in this city, was lost in the 
Arctic off Cape Race, on his return from England, 

28. The county fair closed with a display of female 
equestrianism in which Miss Lawton, of Coeymans, took 
the first prize, a silver goblet valued at $18. The receipts 
into the treasury were $3670. 

29. The common council elected C. W. Bender city 

chamberlain Rev. Dr. Horatio Potter, of St. Peter's 

church, was elected provisional bishop of the diocese of 

New York Hector H. Crane died, aged 23 

Ezra Cronkhite died. 

30. The water in the river was so low that the large 

boats grounded Joseph Courtney died, aged 53; 

James Taylor died, aged 58; Hiram Milham died, aged 
28, These citizens died in a neighborhood, of cholera, 
when it was supposed the disease had entirely ceased from 
its work here. 


3. William Wright died, aged 27.,. , . . .John Ryder 
died, aged 41. 

4. A laborer named Peter Green was killed in Washing- 
ton street by the caving in of the sides of a drain in which 
he was at work. 

6. Elizabeth Mulholland died, aged 44. 
9. The Burgesses Corps celebrated its 21st anniversary 
by a supper in the Capitol, on which occasion a splen- 

Annals of 1854. 343 

did cane was presented to John 0. Cole, the first captain 
of the company Michael Ryan died. 

10. At an election of officers of the Burgesses Corps, 

B. R. Spelman was reelected captain Rebecca 

Wood died, aged 49 John McHaffie died aged 53. 

11. Walter Marshall died at Chicago. 

12. Eunice, wife of John Hinkley, died aged 76. 

13. Mary Andrews died, aged 35. 

14. A bear was shot within 11 miles of the city, and 
brought in as a rarity. 

15. The fine-toned bell of the Congregational church 
cracked while being rung for morning service, and became 

useless thereby Catharine M., widow of the late 

Col. Robert E. Temple, and last surviving daughter of 

the late William James, died, aged 34 Robert G. 

Poyner died, aged 23 John Taylor died, aged 70. 

16. James Man-ton died, an officer of the Albany Scotch 

Light Infantry Hannah E., wife of Abram J. La 

Grange, died 29. 

17. A party of 300 New England emigrants to Kansas 
arrived in the city by the rail road, and remained through 

the night at the Delavan House. Ellen A., wife of 

Peter A. Cassidy , died, aged 19 Richard Home died. 

Lucy Oakey died, aged 95, relict of the late Ab- 
ram Oakey. 

18. A new bell was raised into the steeple of the Con- 
gregational church, weighing 2,020 Ibs., keyF, to supply 
the place of the one cracked on the Sunday preceding. 

Mary, wife of Wendell M. Bender, died, aged 31. 

19. A very thin carpet of snow lay upon the streets at 
an early hour in the morning, and the hills around the 

city were white until Monday Thomas Wood 


21. Maria, wife of Peter Moakley, died, aged 57. 

22. Amos Avery died, aged 49. 

23. Joseph Courtney died, aged 22 Ellen Barrett 

died 31. 

24. Harris Aldrich died, aged 45. 

25. Capt. McLean, one of the old commanders of th&. 
[Annals, vi.] 30 

344 Annals of 1854. 

People's line of steam boats, died in New York, aged 54. 

Andrew Vandenbergh, sexton of Middle Dutch 

church, died. 

26. Joseph Elliott died. 

27. Thomas Wilson died, aged 48. 

28. Mrs. Almira Waterman, wife of Wm. T. Meech, 

died, aged 25 John McCloskey died, aged 34 

Arthur Campbell died, aged 25. 

29. A German Baptist mission church was dedicated 
in Washington street. The house was incapable of con- 
taining all who sought admittance A man much 

intoxicated went into the Bethel and created a disturb- 
ance; he was with much difficulty ejected. 

31. A fire damaged the distillery of H. Knowlton to 

the amount of one thousand dollars Mrs. Hannah, 

widow of the late Isaiah Townsend, died at West Point, 

aged 71 Mary A. Winn died, aged 67 John M. 

Hague died, aged 20. 


1. George Howe died, aged 30. 

3. William G. Akin, late of Albany, died at Chicago, 
aged 24. 

5. Eev. Dr. Wyckoff, entering upon the eighteenth 
year of his ministry in the Second Dutch church, reviewed 
the events connected with his office during that period. 
All the consistory by whom he was chosen were still 
living, and all but two present. The number of com- 
municants had increased from 150 to 584 under his charge. 

7. A fire destroyed the contents of a grocery, corner 

Dallius and Schuyler streets ; loss $1000 Wm. Walsh 

died, aged 52 Eliza, wife of James S. Wood, died, 

aged 26 Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, widow of Gen. 

Alexander Hamilton, and daughter of Philip Schuyler, 
died at Washington, aged 97. She was born at Albany 
on the 9th of August, 1757, and was married in 1780. 
"Death, which has so long spared the widow of General 
Alexander Hamilton to be venerated by Americans of the 
present generation as a noble representative of the women 

Annals of 1854. 345 

of Revolutionary times, has at last ceased to spare. Mrs. 
Hamilton died at her residence in Washington on Tues- 
last, at the advanced age of ninety-seven years, in full 
possession of all her mental faculties, and attended by 
her loving and beloved children. Mrs. Hamilton was 
the daughter of General Phillip Schuyler, of this state, 
whose services in the Revolutionary war form a marked 
page in the history of the United States. She was born 
in the old Schuyler mansion, at Albany, on the 9th of 
August, 1757, and in 1780 married Alexander Hamilton, 
then a colonel in the United States army, and one of the 
aids to General Washington. How this colonel rose to 
the rank of a general and became also one of the most 
illustrious statesmen of his country, is well known to our 
readers, and the deserved eulogium of Mrs. Hamilton is 
that she was a wife worthy of such a husband. After 
the death of General Hamilton in July, 1804, Mrs. 
Hamilton resided for some time in New York and devoted 
her life to acts of benevolence. She was one of the 
founders of the New York Orphan Society, and was for 
many years its presiding officer. 

During her residence at Washington, Mrs. Hamilton 
had weekly reception mornings when she welcomed her 
friends, but she seldom went herself into general society. 
The death of Mrs. Hamilton was caused by no marked 
disease, but the gradual decay of the vital powers pro- 
duced alone by extreme age. Her remains have been 
brought to this city, and the funeral will take place this 
afternoon at one o'clock, at Trinity church. With Mrs. 
Hamilton passes away the last, we believe, of the dis- 
tinguished women of the American Revolution. N. Y. 
Courier and Enquirer. 

8. Egbert Wheeler died, aged 26 Ann Potter, 

wife of Horatio Roberts, died. 

9. George Madden died, aged 53. 

10. Enoch Leonard Hart, formerly of Albany, died at 
Adrian. Mich. ; son of Herman V. Hart. 

11. Capt. Geo. E. Seymour, so long known as the com- 
mander of the steam boat New Philadelphia, died suddenly 

346 Annals of 1854. 

at Hudson, where he was engaged in the hardware 
business since the hauling off of his boat. 

13. The common council increased the pay of the 

police, and directed a new style of costume Mrs. 

Barina Clapp died, aged 65. 

15. Thomas Kearney died, aged 23 .... .Lewis Far- 
rell died, aged 75 John Hendrickson died, aged 57. 

16. Robert G. Burbank died, aged 40. 

17. Wm. Nessle died, aged 40 Bernard Ryan died, 

aged 75. 

22. Horatio Potter, D. D., of St. Peter's church, was 
installed bishop of the diocese in the city of New York, 

with imposing ceremonies A fire corner of Mulberry 

.and Church streets destroyed the contents of a grocery 
store, at half past three in the morning. 

-23. John Jones died, aged 64 Mrs. Jane Manning 

died, aged 64. 

24. Elisha Mack died, aged 71. 

25. Eliakim Ford, Jr., died, aged 45. 

30. Rebecca, widow of George Wilcox, died, aged 60. 


3. Snow fell of a sufficient depth to make sleighing ; the 
first of the season. It was accompanied by a severe wind, 
which did great damage to vessels navigating the Hudson. 

4. The canals were effectually closed. 

5. Fire on Arbor Hill destroyed the grocery store of 

S. W. King, loss about $10,000 Only one steam boat 

came up the river; it returned with much difficulty 

through the floating ice Sarah F., wife of James 

Hill, died, aged 35. 

6. Francis McCafFerty died, aged 49 John Hoy 

died, aged 70. 

7. The steam boat Hero forced its way up to the city 
through the ice, and took a load of freight down in the 
afternoon. She only reached four-mile point, however, 
when the ice became so strong that further progress was 

impossible. The river had been open 269 days 

Hannah, wife of David Wall, died, aged 68. 

Annals of 1854. 34T 

8. Joab Stafford died, aged 53 Annie Vosburgh 

died, aged 19 Michael Forrester died, aged 63. 

9% The river was crossed by persons on foot with' 

safety A fire was discovered at an early hour in the 

house known as the Schuyler Mansion, head of Schuyler 

street, which was subdued without much loss Agnes> 

Woolensack died, aged 78 John Story died, aged 83 

Mrs. Fulka McCready died, aged 82. 

10. A fire damaged the upper story of a building 

corner of Broadway and Bleecker streets Another 

injured the goods of a store on the Quay. 

13. A fire destroyed a large store on the dock above 

State street A meeting of the stockholders of the 

Central rail road was held, at which Erastus Corning 
was reelected president, and J. V. L. Pruyn, secretary 
and treasurer. 

16. Wm. Kearney died, aged 78 Margaret Haga- 

man died, aged 22. 

18. The steam boat Norwich, from Kingston, reached 
the dock before 5 o'clock in the morning ; having forced 
her way through the strong ice which extended below 
Catskill. The boat was much damaged, the wheels being 
completely broken up. It is believed that no boat ever 
made such a voyage. It was said that the news of 
a heavy tow, lying here waiting to go down, induced 

the officers of the boat to undertake the voyage 

The demolition of the Old State Hall corner of State and 
Lodge streets was begun. The -quantity of stone and 
bricks which it developed astonished modern builders 

Nancy, wife of George E. Rice, died, aged 29 

Richard Dillow died, aged 46 Jeremiah 

Reynolds died, aged 82. 

19. Thermometer at zero in the morning Jane, 

widow of tn"e late Richard Rhodes, aged 82 Mary, 

wife of the late Samuel F. Webster, died, aged 19. 

20. Thermometer 10 degrees below zero. The rail 
road ferry boats were compelled to stop running before 
noon by the strength of the ice, which damaged them 
very much William Van Valkenburgh died, aged 30. 

348 Annals of 1854. 

21. Mr. Lush offered a resolution to the board of 
supervisors for the division of the county, which was 

adopted and measures taken to effect the same 

Esther, wife of John Bernard, died, aged 29. 

22. A fire broke out in a store in Hawk street, but 
was subdued with trifling damage. 

26. Owen Marrin died, aged 44. 

27. The ice had become so much softened by a few 
days of mild and rainy weather, that a sleigh load of 
rail road passengers broke through and narrowly escaped 

28. The rail road ferry boat succeeded in making a 
passage through the ice, which had become weak under 
the thaw and rain of the last few days. . . .Mrs. Catharine 

Welsh died, aged 38 Mrs. Ruany P., wife of James 

E. Clark, died, aged 38. 

30. The ice acquired new strength from the frosts of 
the last two days, and the ferries were again closed up. 

31. The Bank of Albany, the oldest in the city, de- 
clared a dividend of fifty per cent. Its charter expired 
this day, and its officers had made arrangements to begin 
the new 7 year under a new charter with an increased 

capital The year went out blandly under a clear 

atmosphere and a benign sun, forming one of those calm 
days that render even the winter season delightful 
A difficulty at the Alms House between the stiper- 

' intendent and four catholic students, who were accused 
of taking books and tracts away from the children. 

The number of convictions and sentences to state pri- 
son was greater this year than ever before. The fol- 
lowing table shows the number of convictions for felony 
in Albany county in eleven years. 

1844. ...27 1850.. ..36 

1845... .26 1851.. ..33 

1846 29 1852 28 

1847.. ..27 1853. ...25 

1848.. ..21 1854. ...43 

1849.... 26 




The following statement gives the aggregate amount of 
the business of the Police Court, and also in detail the 
various offences. The total number of arrests as com- 
pared with the previous years, varies 60. While all the 
offences classified are misdemeanors and felonies, it should 
be understood that many of the arrests under corporation 
ordinances were for substantially the same offences, 
especially such as selling liquor contrary to law, main- 
taining nuisances, selling unwholesome meat, &c., &c. 

The whole number of persons arrested for criminal offen- 
ces was (males 3349, females 653) 4002 

Number of persons arrested for violation of corporation or- 
dinances 386 

Number of search warrants executed 70 

Number of persons committed to Jail 1583 

Number of persons sentenced to the Penitentiary by the 

police justices 135 

Number of persons sentenced to the House of Refuge by do 13 
Number of persons sentenced to the Jail at hard labor by do 17 
Number of persons committed to the State Lunatic Asylum 
at Utica 4 

The several arrests were for the following offences, viz: 
Offences against the Person. 

Murder 2 

Robbery 5 

Assaults with intent to rob 5 

Rape and assaults with intent to commit 12 

Assaults with deadly weapons with intent to kill 16 

Assault and battery 1152 

Attempt to commit suicide 2 

Maliciously enticing child from parents 1 

Wanton exposure of child 1 

350 Criminal Statistics for the year 1854. 

Malicious misqhief , 43 

Maliciously placing obstructions on rail road track 2 

Opening sealed letter 1 

Attempting to steal by safe game and like pretences 5 

Offences against the Public Peace. 

Riot and affray 145 

Breach of the peace 588 

Threats to commit offences 21 

Violently entering dwelling houses in night time and dis- 
turbing the peace 37 

Keeping disorderly house 25 

Indecent intoxication in the street 396 

Unlawful assembly 20 

Disturbing religious meetings 2 

Deranged persons arrested >. > 13 

Offences against Public Justice. 

Perjury 1 

Receiving stolen goods, scienter 13 

Assault and battery on officers and attempts to rescue pri- 
soners 140 

Refusing to assist officers : 3 

Contempt of court , 3 

Compounding a felony ; 1 

Aiding escape of a felon 1 

Escaping from Jail and Penitentiary 2 

Offences against Decency and Morality. 

Keeping common bawdy-house 13 

Disorderly persons, common prostitutes 23 

Indecent exposure of person and obscene language 22 

Selling obscene books 6 

Incest 2 

Violation of the sabbath 22 

Offences against Property. 

Burglary 37 

Grand Larceny 65 

Petit " 491 

Arson 3 

Forgery 4 

Forgery, passing counterfeit money, scienter , 47 

False pretences 33 

Embezzlement ... 8 

Criminal Statistics for the year 1854. 351 

Willful trespass 22 

Cruelty to animals 2 

Wantonly disinterring bodies *...... 1 

Offences against Public Trade. 

Selling unwholesome meat 4 

Peddling foreign goods without license 2 

Offences against the Public Health and the Public Police 
or Economy. 

Maintaining common nuisances 43 

Nuisance obstructing highway 2 

Bastardy 18 

Seduction 4 

Bigamy 1 

Disorderly persons, neglecting to support families 47 

Vagrancy , 219 

Keeping common gaming-house 3 

Violation of law relating to immigrants 17 

Winning more than $25 by gambling 11 

Wantonly injuring gas pipes 1 

Willful disobedience of parents, &c., 12 

Keeping a vicious dog 9 

Selling liquor to be drank on premises under grocers' license 82 
Selling liquor on Sunday prosecution under revised 

statutes 26 

Secretly conveying liquor into jail 1 

Using signal of policemen 1 


Academy, 107, 110. 

Accounts called in, 246, 247, 253, 

African Sunday School, 114. 

School, 115. 
Aldrich, Harris, 343. 
Aldrich, Z., 334. 
Alexander, Joseph, 339. 
Aliens not to trade without li- 
cense, 258, 268. 
Allen, Horace, 132. 
Alms house, 107, 319. 
Andrews, Wm., 54, 58. 
Anti-temperance row, 327. 
Arensius, dominie, 47. 
Argus, 204, 337. 
Arms, Noadiah L. r 132. 
Assessments, 246, 247, 264, 265 r 

276, 278, 288. 

Associate Ref. Ch., 223, 225. 
Avery, Amos, 343. 
Backhaus, Wm., 336. 
Bakers stop business, 103. 
Bank of Albany, 348. 

speculations, 100, 101, 102, 


suspend, 105. 
stock, 339. 
of the Union, 319. 
of U. S., 127. 
Banyar. G., 111. 
Banner presentation, 339. 
Baptist Church, 106, 128. 
South, 336. 
collection, 330. 
Barclay, Henry, 54, 60, 61. 

Rev. Thos., 50/53,58,66. 
Barnacle, killed by fall, 333. 

Barnes, D. M. T 320. 
Barstow, Samuel, 333. 
Bartholomew, Capt., 124. 
Bay ; Dr. Wm., 116, 
Bayard, Mrs. E ,. 320.. 
Bear, 323, 343. 
Beasley, Fred'k,. 56. 
Beavers, value of, 80, 82. 
Beck, Dr. T. R., 110, 123, 124. 
Beclini's effigy burnt, 321. 
Bell from Holland, 128. 

Congregational, 343.- 
Bellman, 289. 
Bement. Wm., 133. 
Bender,' C W., 342. 
Bethel, disturbance at, 341. 
Bew, John, 341. 
Bible Society, 104. 
Bills, abolition of, 111, 126. 
Birdsall shot, 130. 
Bleecker, John N., 134. 
Boat arrived, 347. 
Boston shoes, 123. 

travel to, 105. 
Boughton, Wm., 336. 
Bradley, Joshua, 129. 
Brainard, Geo . 334 

H. Si, 337. 
Bread, assize of, 101, 103, 106, 

125, 288. 

export prohibited, 263. 
Bridges, 243, 244. 
Bridge over Hudson, 104, 323. 
Brower. Hessel, 139. 
Brown, Thos., 55. 
Buckbee. Capt. John, 324. 
Buel, Charles, 329. 
Jesse, 1?9, 201. 



Bunker, Elihu, 37. 
Burbank, R. G., 346. 
Burgert, Coenraet, 98. 
Burgesses Corps, 340, 342, 343. 
Butchers, regulations, 264. 
Canal, 113, 122, 125, 126. 
election, 322. 
opened, 328. 
first boat, 328. 
closed. 346. 

Candles for guards, 253. 
Car of Neptune, 27 T 38 T 117, 119. 
Carr, Prof., 320. 
Carters' prices, 257. 
Cary, Ira B., 320. 
Catholic Church, 106. 

benevolence, 340. 
Cattle train, 331. 
Cavalry corps, 320. 
Census, 105. 
Chancellor Kent, 38. 

Livingston, 125. 
Chapman, John W., 342. 
Charles, Thos., 334. 
Cheeseman, Calvin, 124. 
Cholera, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 


hospital, 336. 
Church collection, 102, 103, 104, 

106, 113, 340. 
City gates, 243, 252. 

loan, 323, 329, 330. 
Clark, Josiah, 331. 

Paul, 141. 

Clergymen, list of, 106. 
Clermont, 1 8, 44. 

dimensions of, 28. 
Clowes, Timothy, 56. 
Coal, 321. 

used for fuel, 1 1 7. 
mines 103, 111, 120, 122. 
Cobbett, 110. 
Cohn, Rabbi, 332. 
Cold, 120, 127, 347. 

season, 11.4, 117. 
week, 326. 
Cole, John O., 117. 
Colonie annexed, 106. 

Comet of 1680, 95. 

Commons, acts relating to, 279, 

280, 284. 

Concert, old folks', 324, 336. 
Congregational bell, 343. 
Consistory, great, 107. 
Contempt of court, 287. 
Continentals, 339, 341. 
Cook, John, 102, 117. 
Cooney, Wm., 333. 
Corn, scarcity of, 96. 
Corning, E., 347. 
Councilmen, fine for non-attend- 
ance, 284. 

County, proposed division, 348. 
Court calendar, 340. 
Courtney, Joseph, 342. 

Robt. T., 342. 
Cowell, Walter, 333, 
Crapo, Edgar, 321. 
Criminal statistics, 348, 349. 
Croswell, Edwin, 319, 337. 
Cultivator, 209. 
Gumming, Hooper, 12 n , 226. 
Currency, 80, 82. 
Cutting wood on manor prohibited, 


Daily Advertiser, 111. 
Danielse, Symon, 253 
Davis, Nathaniel, 339. 
De Bois, Rev., 51. 
Debtors in jail, 111, 119. 
Dellius, Mr., 52, 65, 78. 
Dexter, James, 117. 
Dick, Jenny, 322. 
Dickerman, J. R., 144. 
Directory, 100. 
Dorr, Elisha, 302. 
Dowd, Wm.,' 333. 
Dox, Peter P., 185, 109, 112, 145. 
Gerrit L., 112. 

state treasurer, 121. 
Drouth, 334. 
Drowned, 337. 

Duesnoerry, Rich'd, 106, 113, 145. 
Dutch church, 5] . 67, 94, 102, 104. 

rebuilding, 86. 

incorporation, 87, 90 



Dutch church, patent, 91. 
property, 92. 
division of, 106. 
inscriptions, 131. 
Dwight, Theodore, 111. 
Eclipse of sun, 330. 
Effigy of Bedini burnt, 321. 
Election, charter, 12,1, 128, 249, 

266, 279, 288. 
of constable, 285. 
results, 115, 117, 123. 
Ellison, Thos 56. 
Episcopal church, 50, 102, 104, 

106, 129. 
opened, 54. 

Engine excursion, 341 . 
Esleeck, Welcome, 117. 
Estates, value of, 247. 
Experiment, packet sloop, 36, 
Fair, 342. 

Fall from a great hight, 319. 
Fanning, Amos, 328. 
Fast driving, 283. 
Fences ordered removed, 254. 
Female equestrians, 342. 
Ferry open, 348. 
closed, 348. 

Fire, 120, 321, 322, 323, 325, 326, 
327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 
332, 333, 335, 336, 337, 
339, 341, 344, 346, 347, 

masters, 252, 267, 281. 
watch, 289. 
surveyors, 252. w 
hooks and ladders, 252. 
on commons, 115. 
wood, 253, 254, 255, 256, 

266, 267. 
Fines, 252. 

First Presb. church, 102, 106, 125, 
Flour, 103, 321. 
Fodder regulations, 269. 
Fonda, Douw, 148. 
Ford, Eliakim, 316. 

T. W., 123. 

Fortifications repaired, 258. 
Frederickse, Myndert, 47. 
[Annals, vi.] 31 

Freeman, Mr., 52. 
Freshet, 128. 
Frontier, state of, 247. 

relief for, 104. 
Fulton, 15. 

steam boat, 39. 
Gale, 325. 

Gansevoort, Dr. Peter. 150. 
Gen. Peter, 150. 
Leonard P., 149. 
Harme, 149. 
Peter, 112, 130. 
Gannon, Dr. P., 321. 
Garnsey, John, 150. 
Garrison, 247. 
Gaslight, 121, 
German Baptist mission, 344. 

opera, 327. 
Gibb, Thos. W., 324. 
Gifford, Daniel, 327. 
Gill, John. 125. 
Goold & Co., Jas.,J19. 
Grant, Mrs., 298. 
Great guns repaired, ?70. 
Green & Co., publishers, 101. 
Gregory & Bain, 111. 
Groesbeck, Mrs. Alida, 321.. 

W. W., 320.. 
Gutters, 283. 
Hague, J. AT., 344. 
Hamilton, Mrs., 344. 
Hansen, Henry, 60. 

opposes building church, 88. 
Harcourt, J. W., 320. 
Harrison, John, 335. 
Hastings, H. J,, 319. 
Hebeysen, Martin, 154. 
Hendrik, 59. 
Hendrickson sentenced, 327. > 

executed, 328. 
Henry Eckford, 39. 
Hewitt convicted, 334. 
High water, 322, 324, 328. 
Highway robbery, 330. 
Hitchcock. Capt., 339. 
Hill, Rev.'j. N., 336. 
Hochstrasser & Boldeman, 122. 
Hogs, ringing of, 243, 268, 284 . 



1 Holidays, 112. 
Home of Friendless, 324. 
Hollie, Wm., 281. 282, 283. 
Horse boat. 37. 
Hosford, David, 329. 
Hospital removed, 336. 

for orphans, 340. 
Hudson river, steam boat on, 11, 


sloop, 36. 
horse boat, 37. 
navigation to Troy, 104. 
bridge Co., 104. 
opened, 113, 122, 
sloop freight, 114. 
freshet, 128. 

Hudson st. Temp. House, 324. 
Humane Society, 104. 
Humphrey, Friend, 325. 
Huntington, Joel, 336. 
Kuril, Geo. H. 327. 
Hyslop & Co, 111. 
Ice, 329. 

moved out, 320, 324. 
broken through. 348. 
Illumination for peace, 106. 
Immigrants, 330. 
Imprisonment for debt, 119, 128. 
Indian trade, 262, 272.. 
Indian goods, 118. 
presents,. 60. 
Insane poor, 319. 
Indians, plowing for y 257. 
rumors ? 270 .. 
regulations.. 271. 

Indigent women and children so- 
ciety, 102,. 103, 106, 113, 
114, 122. 

Isaac Newton steamer, 340 . 
Jail, debtors in, 111, 119. 
old, 336. 

escape from, 336. 
James, Rev. Wm. 237. 
Jenkins, Elisha. 115. 
Jones. John, 346. 
Judgment record, 292. 
Kane, Archibald, 126. 
C. V. S. 341. 
J. & A. 109. 

Kansas immigrants, 339 T 343. 
Kinderhoolc r church at,. 97 
King, Rufus H n . 106 
Kittle, Daniel S.,. 159 

Sybrant r 160 - 
Lacey, Wm. B., 57, 129, 338 
Ladd, James, 110 
LaGrange, Arie, 161 
Lancaster, Joseph, 130 

school, 107,. 113, 123 
Land, price of, 253 
Lansing, John J., 162 

Sander I. y !6 
Leddy, P. B., 321 
Lee, George C., 321 
William H.,. 319 
Legislature convened, 118 
Lewis, Robert, 342 
Leisler, Jacob, 71, 74 
Linacre, Thomas, 327 
Liquors, ordinance, 251, 271, 272 

282, 290 

Livingston, Robert, 11, 15 
Lots sold. 270 
Low water, 342 
Loveridge, Cicero, 164 
Lovett, John E., 117 
Luce & Co., 122 
Lumber trade, 332 
Lutheran church, 46, 118 
Lydius, Bait., 112 

Dominie, 51 85 
McCall, H..S., 320 
McClallen, Robert, 126 
McClelland, W. W., 332 
McClusky, Paul,. 337 
McDonald, Rev. John, 203 

church,. 106 
VTcDume house assaulted,. 340 
McGuigan, Francis, 323 
McHarg & King, 106 
VIcJimsey, John, 223 
VTcLean, Capt., 343 
VIcNaughton, Jas. 126. . 
Mack, Elisha, 346. 
Mails, 127. 

to Brattleboro. 105 
Mancius. G. W. 105.' 

' Dr. Wilh.. 105 



Mancius, Jacob, 165, 
Market regulations, 265. 
Marselis Ahasuerus, 292. 
Mayer Conrad S. 331, 
Meadon, Wm. 333, 
Mech's & Far's Bank, 101. 
Megapolensis, Rev. 94. 
Meier, J. H. 166. 
Meigs, J. V. L. 341. 

R. M. 122. 
Mesick, Stephen, 323. 
Methodist church, 103. 
Militia ordered out, 261.. 
Millburne, Jacob, 70, 74. 
Miller, Christian, 167. 
Miln, Rev. 54. 
Mills, Col., killed, 100, 
Minister's house, 74. 
Mohawk church, 94. 
Montgomery's remains, 129. 
Moor, Rev. T., 53, 65 
Moral society, 115 
Moving by water, 328 
Munro, Harry, 55 
Museum lit by gas, 121. 
Nebraska meeting, 325. 
Neill, Rev. Dr. 110. 
Nessle, Wm. 346. 
Newspapers, notes from, 100. 
Nieuwenhuysen^ Rev. 67. 
Night guards, 253. 
North River steam boat, 27, 38. 
Northern Rail Road, 323, 329, 

330, 331, 334, 341. 
Norton, Lambert, 130. 
Nott, Dr. E. 104, 129, 229. 
Ogilvie, John, 54. 
Olcott, T. W, 124, 238, 
Oldest inhabitant, 321. 
Orcutt's pottery fell, 341. 
Oregon steam boat, 325. 
Osborn, Capt. J., 319, 320. 
Paragon, 38. 

Parker's tavern burnt, 126. 
Parmalee, Wm. mayor, 320. 
:Patroon st. widened, 336. 
Pearl street, opening of, 110. 
Perilous feat of a steamboat, 347. 

Perkins, W. A., 328. 
Perry's reception, 101, 102. 
Physicians for poor, 116. 
Plums, 302. 
Police court, 349. 

costumed, 346. 

office, 119. 
Porters' prices, 257 . 
Potatoes, 321. 

Potter, Horatio, 57, 342, 346. 
Poultry show, 322, 
Powell's painting, 341. 
Pretty, sheriff; 48. 
Pruyn, 172. 

Caspar us, 126. 
J. V. L., 347. 
Robt H., 319. 
Putnam, Elisha, 322. 
Rain, 320, 338, 340. 
Rathbone, Joel, attacked, 329. 
Ravines in the city, 100. 
Rawdon and Hatch, 130. 
Reading room, 102, 117. 
Rice, Joseph T. 331. 
Richmond steam boat, 38. 
River improvement, 329. 

improvement vetoed, 336. 

open, 325, 113. 

crossed on ice, 347. 

closed, 346. 
Robbery, 326. 
Roorback, Capt., "l 17. 
Rounds passage, 278. 
Russell & Davis, 122. 

Thos., Jos. & Elihu, 122. 
Ruttenkill to be cleaned, 277. 
St. Paul's church, 335. 
St. Peter's church, 53, 64, 316. 
Sabbath school, 114. 
Safety barges, 40. 
Salamander works, 339. 
Salisbury, Capt., 72. 
Sanders, Barent, 331. 
Saratoga patent, 245, 254. 
Savings bank, 329. 
Saw mill, 248. 
Schaets, Anneke, 75, 76, 77. 

Gideon, 47, 72, 75, 94. 



Schaatekook, 242, 244, 245, 257. 
School appropriations, 107. 
Schuyler house, 295. 

Jeremiah, 340. 
Peter, 271. 

Scotch Presb. Synod, 330. 
Seceders' society, 120. 
Second Presb. church, 101, 110. 

Dutch church bell, 128, 

Serviss, Wm , 334. 
Sexton, 267. 
Seymour, Capt. E. 345. 
Shaker disturbances, 342. 
Shinplasters, 111, 124, 126. 
Simons, John H. 337. 
Sipple, John, 335. 
Slason, E. B. 327. 
Slaves, 105. 

value of, 249. 

Slavery abolition, 120, 121. 
Slawson, Jona. 330. 
Sloops, passenger, 36. 
Smyth, Charles, 39, 127. 
Snow., 116, 319, 327, 343, 346. 
Soldiers complaint of, 255. 

sent to Living, manor, 259. 
to be raised, 266 . 
pawn clothing, &c., 277. 
of 1812, 332, 
marched to frontier, 100. 
South America steamer, 42. 
Specie premium, 112. 
Spelman, B. R. 343. 
Spencer, Henry T. 320. 

John C. 307, 
Stafford, Joab, 347. 

Spencer & Co., 121. 
Stages, 102, 110, 219, 221. 
Stanton & Rice, 125. 
Stansbury, A. J. 125. 
State ag. society, 322. 
Hall, 316. 
Med. society, 322. 
prison, 348. 
treasurer, 121. 

Steamboat, on the Hudson, 7, 102, 
115, 123, 124. 

Steam boat, 

launched, 17. 
arrived at Albany, 19. 
speed, 29, 42, 45. 
fuel, 39. 
list of, 40. 
to Troy, 102. 
Fulton, 104. 
coal trial, 117. 
on Lake George, 124. 
receipts, 340 . 
Stevens, Samuel, 341. 
John, 14, 15. 
Robt. L. 29. 
Stevenson, Mark, 323. 
Stilwell & Wendell, 118. 
Stockadoes, 242, 243, 244, 251 
254, 267, 267, 268, 268, 269, 

Story, John, 347. 
Stringer, Samuel, 124. 
Subscription to dominie, 79. 
Suicide, 330. 

Sunday shops closed, 331. 
Swine prohibited, 331. 
Sword to Gen. Brown, 120. 
Talbot, Mr. 53, 65. 
Tan pits, 243. 
Tayler, John, 57, 121, 180. 
Taylor, Jas. 325. 

James, 342. 
Taylor, John, 343. 

Rev. John, 218. 
Taxes (see assessments). 
Temple, Robt. E. 333. 
Temp, society, 331. 
Theatre, 104, 114, 128, 340. 
Thermometer 112, 114, 118, 333, 

below 0, 321, 112, 
114, 120, 127, 347. 
Third Presb. ch., 223. 

pastors, 240. 
Todd, Adam, 319. 
Torchlight procession, 332. 
Townsend, John, 338, 339. 
Townsend, Mrs. Isaiah, 344. 
Townsley, Gad, 333. 



Trade, allowed only to freemen, 

258, 268. 

Transportation prices, 127. 
Travel to Boston, 105. 
Tread wheel boat, 31. 
Trico, Catelyn, 200. 
Troy boats, 102, 124. 
navigation, 104. 
opposes bridge, 104. 
population, 105, 123. 
chartered, 115. 
Trowbridge, H. 121. 
Trumbull, Robt., 323. 
Tucker, G. F. 337. 
Tullidge, Benj., 335. 
Tweed Dale, W. A. 113, 339. 
Unitarian society, 103. 
University, 320. 
Van Allen, Evert, 336. 
Van Benthuysen, Benj., 184. 
Van Buren & Butler, 123. 
Vandenburgh, Andrew, 344. 
Vanderpool, Melgert, 248. 
Wynant, 242. 

Van Driesen, Peter, 86, 94. 
Van Dyek, Dr. 72. 
Van Rensselaer, Nicholas 67, 74. 
P. S. removed, 

Henry K. 117. 
Stephen, 123. 
Kilian, prohibits 
cutting wood on manor, 279, 

Van Santvoord A. 188. 
Van Schaack, J. B 185. 
G. W. 119. 

Van Schelluyne. Cors, 185. 
Van Valkenburgh, Stephen, 328. 
Van Vechten, Abraham, 187. 
Van Vleck, Paulus 97. 
Van Valkenburgh, John, 337. 

Van Vranken, Maus R. 114. 
Van Wagenen, G. H, 24. 
Vedder John S. 327. 
Vessels increase of, 332. 
Visscher, Bastjaen T. 192. 
Walsh, Dudley. IW. 
William, 344. 
Walker, Alphonso, 327. 

Henry A. 32-6. 
Washington's birthday, 323. 
Thos. B. 335. 
Waterman, John G. 328. 
Water pond, 243. 

works, 123. 
Weems, Capt., 255. 
Wells, 244, 246, 258, 278, 285. 
Wendell, Jacob H. 195. 
John H. 193. 
John I. 326. 
Westerlo, Rens. 115. 

town formed, 105. 
Whale exhibited, 127. 
White woman, first, 200. 
White, Isaac, 340. 
Williams, Durrell, 337. 
Wilson, Rev. A. 223. 

J. Q. 23. 

Reuben, 329. 
Winants. H. L. 327. 
Winne, David P. 19-5. 

Wm, B. 114. 

Women's rights, 323, 322. 
Wood, price increased, 117. 

Ichabod, 332. 
Woodruff. S. S. 342. 
Wright, Ebenezer. 337, 
Wyckoff, Rev. I. N. 344. 
Wylie, deaths of, 333. 
Wynkoop, Harman G. 324. 
Yates, Henry, 325. 
Young, Wm. A. recorder, 320.